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Sample records for mart simm kristiina

  1. Peeter Simm kolmandat korda teatris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Rakveres tuli lavale Toomas Raudami ja Peeter Simmi näidend Lõuna-Eesti kinomehaaniku Mati Parkja elust "Kino-Mati. Tema elutee ja juhtumised, mis seal ette tulid". Lavastas Peeter Simm, nimiosas Erik Ruus, kunstnik Hardi Volmer

  2. Peeter Simm kolmandat korda teatris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    Rakveres tuli lavale Toomas Raudami ja Peeter Simmi näidend Lõuna-Eesti kinomehaaniku Mati Parkja elust "Kino-Mati. Tema elutee ja juhtumised, mis seal ette tulid". Lavastas Peeter Simm, nimiosas Erik Ruus, kunstnik Hardi Volmer

  3. Simm jagas Anapas piitsa ja präänikut / Peeter Simm ; interv. Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Simm, Peeter, 1953-

    2002-01-01

    Žürii liige SRÜ ja Baltimaade 11. filmifestivalil Anapas, eesti režissöör P. Simm festivalist ja eesti filmi tasemest endiste nõukogude vabariikide tänaste tegijate kõrval. Parima meesnäitleja preemia sai Rain Simmul Nika osa eest Arvo Iho mängufilmis "Karu süda". Videoprogrammi grand prix sai Mikk Ranna animafilm "Sääsk ja hobune", samas märgiti ära ka Mark Soosaare "La Paloma"

  4. Edukas Kristiina Uslar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Jaapanis Kanazawas rahvusvahelisel konkurssnäitusel Glass Kanazawa 2007 pälvis klaasikunstnik Kristiina Uslar töö "Data Turbine IV" eest ühe kuuest autasust. Võuidutöid saab näha Notojima Klaasikunsti Muuseumis. Näitusel Young Glass 2007 Ebeltofti Klaasimuuseumis Taanis, kus saavad osaleda kuni 35-aastased kunstnikud, valiti K. Uslari töö finaali. Rahvusvahelisel noorte kunstnike konkursil Jutta Cuny Franz Memorial Award said K. Uslari tööd "Exit" ja "Data Turbine I" ühe viiest audiplomist

  5. Edukas Kristiina Uslar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Jaapanis Kanazawas rahvusvahelisel konkurssnäitusel Glass Kanazawa 2007 pälvis klaasikunstnik Kristiina Uslar töö "Data Turbine IV" eest ühe kuuest autasust. Võuidutöid saab näha Notojima Klaasikunsti Muuseumis. Näitusel Young Glass 2007 Ebeltofti Klaasimuuseumis Taanis, kus saavad osaleda kuni 35-aastased kunstnikud, valiti K. Uslari töö finaali. Rahvusvahelisel noorte kunstnike konkursil Jutta Cuny Franz Memorial Award said K. Uslari tööd "Exit" ja "Data Turbine I" ühe viiest audiplomist

  6. Operatsioon "Simm-litz" / Janar Filippov, Raul Ranne

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Filippov, Janar, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Riigireetmises kahtlustatava Herman Simmi karjäärist, endise kaitseministri Andrus Ööveli ja kaitseministeeriumi endise kantsleri Indrek Kanniku, endise kaitseministri Jüri Luige hinnanguid. Vt. samas: Sulev Vedler. Herman Simm viis saladusi salapärasele Jesusele. Katke Vilja Laanaru mälestustest "Mul on ainult üks elu" (1996). Lisa: "Mutt" istus sügaval Eesti julgeolekusüsteemi südames

  7. Kristiina Nurk: ilus võib olla, aga mugav peab olema / Kristiina Nurk ; intervjueerinud Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurk, Kristiina, 1982-

    2009-01-01

    Intervjuu Kristiina Nurgaga, kes õpib Eesti Kunstiakadeemias disaini ja rakenduskunsti eriala nahakunsti suuna magistrantuuris, on lõpetanud Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli reklaamikunsti eriala, soovib saada kingadisaineriks, pälvis Prantsusmaal Saint Rémy-lès-Chevreuse'is toimunud rahvusvahelisel köitekunsti biennaalil ühe peapreemiatest. Kristiina Nurga eluloolisi andmeid, pälvitud preemiad

  8. Kristiina Nurk: ilus võib olla, aga mugav peab olema / Kristiina Nurk ; intervjueerinud Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nurk, Kristiina, 1982-

    2009-01-01

    Intervjuu Kristiina Nurgaga, kes õpib Eesti Kunstiakadeemias disaini ja rakenduskunsti eriala nahakunsti suuna magistrantuuris, on lõpetanud Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli reklaamikunsti eriala, soovib saada kingadisaineriks, pälvis Prantsusmaal Saint Rémy-lès-Chevreuse'is toimunud rahvusvahelisel köitekunsti biennaalil ühe peapreemiatest. Kristiina Nurga eluloolisi andmeid, pälvitud preemiad

  9. Sõnumeid kosmosest / Kristiina Davidjants ; interv. Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    2007.a. jaanuari lõpus toimus Hollandis Rotterdamis järjekordne, 36. filmifestival. Festivaliga samal ajal toimunud Rutger Hauer Film Factory's osales Kristiina Davidjants, kellel valmis workshop'i tulemusena lühifilm

  10. Sõnumeid kosmosest / Kristiina Davidjants ; interv. Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    2007.a. jaanuari lõpus toimus Hollandis Rotterdamis järjekordne, 36. filmifestival. Festivaliga samal ajal toimunud Rutger Hauer Film Factory's osales Kristiina Davidjants, kellel valmis workshop'i tulemusena lühifilm

  11. Profile: Kristiina Hormia-Poutanen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steve Sharp

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Kristiina, who is currently Director of Library Network Services at the National Library of Finland was appointed as LIBER’s 11th President at their 2014 Annual Conference. This followed her significant contributions to the development of LIBER during four years as Vice President. She has also been very active in other international networks such as IFLA, ICOLC (International Coalition of Library Consortia, IGeLU (ExLibris User Group, and Europeana. Her appointment saw her become the first female President in LIBER’s history, so Insights was keen to chat to her about her fascinating career and her new role.

  12. "Dostali!" - s segodnjashnego dnja / Peeter Simm, Artur Talvik ; interv. Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Simm, Peeter, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Tallinnas ning Tartu ja Pärnu kinodes esilinastub Eesti-Saksa koostööfilm "Kõrini" : režissöör Peeter Simm : osades Maarja Jakobson, Rasmus Kaljujärv, Heio von Stetten, Thomas Schmauser : Ruut Pictures (Eesti) - Saxonia Film (Saksa) 2005

  13. Kristiina Uslar Londoni klaasivõistluse finaalis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Londonis avati rahvusvahelise klaasikonkursi "The Bombay Sapphire Prize" 2006. aasta finalistide näitus. Eestit esindab Kristiina Uslar tööga "Data Turbine". Konkursi peaauhinna võitis hispaania kunstnik Jaune Plensa, parima uustulnuka auhinna inglise klaasikunstnik Laura Birdsall

  14. Kristiina Uslar Londoni klaasivõistluse finaalis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Londonis avati rahvusvahelise klaasikonkursi "The Bombay Sapphire Prize" 2006. aasta finalistide näitus. Eestit esindab Kristiina Uslar tööga "Data Turbine". Konkursi peaauhinna võitis hispaania kunstnik Jaune Plensa, parima uustulnuka auhinna inglise klaasikunstnik Laura Birdsall

  15. Miks ta nii teeb? / Kristiina Voolaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Voolaid, Kristiina

    1999-01-01

    Kuidas mõtleb ruumikujundaja, kui ta valib vorme, värve, materjale ja esemeid? Sisearhitekt Kristiina Voolaid seletab oma mõtteid Kawe Plaza hoones asuvate Hüvitusfondi ja Werol Tehased kontorite ning noorele perekonnale sisustatud vanalinnakorteri näitel

  16. Miks ta nii teeb? / Kristiina Voolaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Voolaid, Kristiina

    1999-01-01

    Kuidas mõtleb ruumikujundaja, kui ta valib vorme, värve, materjale ja esemeid? Sisearhitekt Kristiina Voolaid seletab oma mõtteid Kawe Plaza hoones asuvate Hüvitusfondi ja Werol Tehased kontorite ning noorele perekonnale sisustatud vanalinnakorteri näitel

  17. O tempora, o mores! / Maria-Kristiina Lotman, Kai Tafenau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotman, Maria-Kristiina, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    Tutvustus: Sallustius. Catilina vandenõu / Gaius Sallustius Crispus ; ladina keelest tõlkinud Maria-Kristiina Lotman ja Kai Tafenau. Tallinn : Tallinna Ülikooli Kirjastus, 2011. (Bibliotheca antiqua (Tallinna Ülikool))

  18. Piibel, Pascal ja sadismi isa / Kristiina Ross ; interv. Elo Lindsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ross, Kristiina, 1955-

    2002-01-01

    Elo Lindsalu küsitleb keeleteadlast ja tõlkijat Kristiina Rossi, kes selgitanud äsja eestikeelse piibli (1739) tegeliku sünniloo ning eestindanud ühe maailmakirjanduse jubedaima teose markii de Sade'ilt

  19. O tempora, o mores! / Maria-Kristiina Lotman, Kai Tafenau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotman, Maria-Kristiina, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    Tutvustus: Sallustius. Catilina vandenõu / Gaius Sallustius Crispus ; ladina keelest tõlkinud Maria-Kristiina Lotman ja Kai Tafenau. Tallinn : Tallinna Ülikooli Kirjastus, 2011. (Bibliotheca antiqua (Tallinna Ülikool))

  20. Scoliosis curve analysis with Milwaukee orthosis based on Open SIMM modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Karimi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Scoliosis is a three-dimensional spinal deformity characterized by lateral curvature and rotational deformity of the spine. Various methods have been used to investigate the performance of the subjects during walking with an orthosis, but nobody study the biomechanics of orthotic use by understanding the length of the muscles and the force produced by them. Therefore, the aim of this research is to test the effect of the orthosis on the muscular force, tendon length during walking with and without orthosis. Materials and Methods: A 12-year-old scoliosis subject was recruited in this study. The forces produced by trunk musculature, joint reaction force, length of trunk musculature were some parameters selected in this study. Open SIMM and Visual 3D software were used to model the subject. Results: The results of this research showed that the length of erector spine muscles increased follow the use of orthosis. Moreover, the force produced by trunk muscles differed during walking with and without orthosis and also between right and left sides. Discussion: It seems that Open SIMM software can be used to predict the length of muscles, active-passive forces produced by muscles in scoliotic subjects. Therefore, it is recommended this research be done on more number of subjects.

  1. Rainer Saks : ärgem lohutagem end lootusega, et Herman Simm oli ainus / Rainer Saks ; interv. Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saks, Rainer

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu Eesti eriteenistuste endise esikoordinaatori ning praeguse Vabariigi Presidendi kantselei direktoriga, kes vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Herman Simmi. Ta möönab, et ei ole põhjust arvata, nagu võiks riigireetmises kahtlustatav Herman Simm olla ainuke, kes riiki petta oskas. Vt. Kes on Rainer Saks?; Kes on Mitrohhin?

  2. SIMulation of Medication Error induced by Clinical Trial drug labeling: the SIMME-CT study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dollinger, Cecile; Schwiertz, Vérane; Sarfati, Laura; Gourc-Berthod, Chloé; Guédat, Marie-Gabrielle; Alloux, Céline; Vantard, Nicolas; Gauthier, Noémie; He, Sophie; Kiouris, Elena; Caffin, Anne-Gaelle; Bernard, Delphine; Ranchon, Florence; Rioufol, Catherine

    2016-06-01

    To assess the impact of investigational drug labels on the risk of medication error in drug dispensing. A simulation-based learning program focusing on investigational drug dispensing was conducted. The study was undertaken in an Investigational Drugs Dispensing Unit of a University Hospital of Lyon, France. Sixty-three pharmacy workers (pharmacists, residents, technicians or students) were enrolled. Ten risk factors were selected concerning label information or the risk of confusion with another clinical trial. Each risk factor was scored independently out of 5: the higher the score, the greater the risk of error. From 400 labels analyzed, two groups were selected for the dispensing simulation: 27 labels with high risk (score ≥3) and 27 with low risk (score ≤2). Each question in the learning program was displayed as a simulated clinical trial prescription. Medication error was defined as at least one erroneous answer (i.e. error in drug dispensing). For each question, response times were collected. High-risk investigational drug labels correlated with medication error and slower response time. Error rates were significantly 5.5-fold higher for high-risk series. Error frequency was not significantly affected by occupational category or experience in clinical trials. SIMME-CT is the first simulation-based learning tool to focus on investigational drug labels as a risk factor for medication error. SIMME-CT was also used as a training tool for staff involved in clinical research, to develop medication error risk awareness and to validate competence in continuing medical education. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press in association with the International Society for Quality in Health Care; all rights reserved.

  3. AQS Data Mart

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The AQS Data Mart is a database that contains all of the information from the AQS system. It is a storehouse of air quality information that allows users to make...

  4. Mart Laar : impeeriumi enesepettus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Parlamendiliige Mart Laar kirjutab USA mõjukas päevalehes The Wall Street Journal, et naftadollarite toel ja lääneriikide leeris valitseva korratuse tingimustes loodab Venemaa taastada oma kadunud impeeriumi

  5. Mart Laar : impeeriumi enesepettus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Parlamendiliige Mart Laar kirjutab USA mõjukas päevalehes The Wall Street Journal, et naftadollarite toel ja lääneriikide leeris valitseva korratuse tingimustes loodab Venemaa taastada oma kadunud impeeriumi

  6. P-Mart

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2016-10-07

    P-Mart was designed specifically to allow cancer researchers to perform robust statistical processing of publicly available cancer proteomic datasets. To date an online statistical processing suite for proteomics does not exist. The P-Mart software is designed to allow statistical programmers to utilize these algorithms through packages in the R programming language as well as offering a web-based interface using the Azure cloud technology. The Azure cloud technology also allows the release of the software via Docker containers.

  7. Kunstiga Eestimaad avastamas / Mart Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helme, Mart, 1949-

    2006-01-01

    Kirjastuselt "Kunst" ilmunud uued raamatud: "Eestimaa. Looduse teejuht", tekst ja fotod Tiit Hunt; "Eestimaa. Linnuste teejuht", tekst Mart Helme; "Eestimaa. Kirikute teejuht", tekst Mart Helme, fotod Peeter Säre; "Eestimaa. Kultuurituristi teejuht", koostaja Tiiu Viirand; "Eestimaa. Ranniku teejuht", tekst Tiiu Viirand; "Eestimaa mõisate teejuht", fotod Peeter Säre, tekst Mart Helme, Alfred Wells

  8. Avalikud ettevalmistused... iseseisvaks eluks? / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2008-01-01

    2007. a. Tallinnas ilmunud artiklikogumikust "Public preparation" (koostanud Rael Artel ja Airi Triisberg, kujundanud Jaan Evart). Tallinnas Okupatsioonide Muuseumis 21.-23. II toimunud rahvusvahelisest seminarist "Translocal express. Jubilee edition" (korraldajad R. Artel ja A. Triisberg). Loetletud 12 esinejat, Eestist Flo Kasearu, Maria-Kristiina Soomre. Charles Esche, Sezgin Boyniki ja Minna Henrikssoni ettekannetest

  9. Avalikud ettevalmistused... iseseisvaks eluks? / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2008-01-01

    2007. a. Tallinnas ilmunud artiklikogumikust "Public preparation" (koostanud Rael Artel ja Airi Triisberg, kujundanud Jaan Evart). Tallinnas Okupatsioonide Muuseumis 21.-23. II toimunud rahvusvahelisest seminarist "Translocal express. Jubilee edition" (korraldajad R. Artel ja A. Triisberg). Loetletud 12 esinejat, Eestist Flo Kasearu, Maria-Kristiina Soomre. Charles Esche, Sezgin Boyniki ja Minna Henrikssoni ettekannetest

  10. Viisitamm ikka võimul / Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2008-01-01

    Parlamendiliige on üllatunud, et Reformierakonna saadikud seisid Pärnu linnavolikogus toimunud umbusaldusavaldusel linnapea Mart Viisitamme eest. Tekst pärineb Mart Laari veebipäevikust blog.irl.ee/Mart_Laar/

  11. Viisitamm ikka võimul / Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2008-01-01

    Parlamendiliige on üllatunud, et Reformierakonna saadikud seisid Pärnu linnavolikogus toimunud umbusaldusavaldusel linnapea Mart Viisitamme eest. Tekst pärineb Mart Laari veebipäevikust blog.irl.ee/Mart_Laar/

  12. Restauratsioon / Mart Velsker

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velsker, Mart, 1966-

    1998-01-01

    Arvustus: Üheksavägine. Tartu : Erakkond, 1997.Märka, Veiko. Tühja aju korinad; Rahman, Jan. Vasõst vask; Rüütle, Indrek. Lahkumine Puhjast; Serpent, Franȯis. Ka jumal on inimene (kõik EK$i Kaasaegse Kirjanduse Keskuse väljaanded, Tartu, 1997). Vastukaja: Pilv, Aare. Vastuseks Mart Velskri 'Restauratsioonile' // Vikerkaar (1998) nr. 4-5, lk. 185-186

  13. Restauratsioon / Mart Velsker

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velsker, Mart, 1966-

    1998-01-01

    Arvustus: Üheksavägine. Tartu : Erakkond, 1997.Märka, Veiko. Tühja aju korinad; Rahman, Jan. Vasõst vask; Rüütle, Indrek. Lahkumine Puhjast; Serpent, Franȯis. Ka jumal on inimene (kõik EK$i Kaasaegse Kirjanduse Keskuse väljaanded, Tartu, 1997). Vastukaja: Pilv, Aare. Vastuseks Mart Velskri 'Restauratsioonile' // Vikerkaar (1998) nr. 4-5, lk. 185-186

  14. Rahvusvaheline mees Mart Laar = Mart Laar, international man / Ingvar Bärenklau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bärenklau, Ingvar, 1967-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti ekspeaministri Mart Laari uutest väljakutsetest pärast Milton Friedmani nimelise auhinna saamist. Lisad: Fakte Mart Laari kohta; Teised Mart Laarist. Vt. samas: Laar soovitab suvisel Eestimaal ringi sõita

  15. Rahvusvaheline mees Mart Laar = Mart Laar, international man / Ingvar Bärenklau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bärenklau, Ingvar, 1967-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti ekspeaministri Mart Laari uutest väljakutsetest pärast Milton Friedmani nimelise auhinna saamist. Lisad: Fakte Mart Laari kohta; Teised Mart Laarist. Vt. samas: Laar soovitab suvisel Eestimaal ringi sõita

  16. Koda = Koda / Ülar Mark, Kariina Kristiina Kaufmann, Kadri Tonto ; kommenteerinud Katrin Koov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mark, Ülar, 1968-

    2016-01-01

    Minimalistliku vormiga eramu KODA Tallinnas, Järvekalda tee 33. Autorid Ülar Mark, Taavi Jakobson, Hannes Tamjärv, Kalev Ramjalg, Marek Strandberg. Arhitektid Ülar Mark, Kariina Kristiina Kaufmann, Kadri Tonto, Hannes Praks

  17. "1001 Winters, Kristiina Ehin's new collection of poetry in English Translation..."

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Tutvustus: Ehin, Kristiina. 1001 winters = 1001 talve / translated by Ilmar Lehtpere. S. l. : The Bitter Oleander Press, 2013 ; Best European fiction 2013 / edited by Aleksandar Hemon. S. l. : Dalkey Archive Press, 2012

  18. Ilmar Lehtpere pälvis Kristiina Ehini luuletõlke eest maineka auhinna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa parima inglise keelde tõlgitud luuleraamatu auhinna - Corneliu M. Popescu luuletõlke auhinna pälvis hiljuti tõlkija Ilmar Lehtpere luuletaja Kristiina Ehini luulevalimiku "The Drums of Silence" eest

  19. "1001 Winters, Kristiina Ehin's new collection of poetry in English Translation..."

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Tutvustus: Ehin, Kristiina. 1001 winters = 1001 talve / translated by Ilmar Lehtpere. S. l. : The Bitter Oleander Press, 2013 ; Best European fiction 2013 / edited by Aleksandar Hemon. S. l. : Dalkey Archive Press, 2012

  20. Kristiina Ehin on jõudnud rootslaste südamesse / Mildred Aavik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aavik, Mildred

    2009-01-01

    Etendusest "Som en tiger bland likadana randiga" ("Nagu tiiger omasuguste triibuliste sekka"), mis toimus Rootsi rahvaülikoolis ja kus on kasutatud eesti kirjaniku ja luuletaja Kristiina Ehini loomingut

  1. Mart Laar imedemaalt / Neeme Raud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Neeme, 1969-

    2006-01-01

    Milton Friedmani vabaduse edendamise preemia pälvinud Mart Laari arvamusi teiste laureaatide ja Eesti edu kohta. Lisa: Friedmani preemia. Vt. samas intervjuud Salvadori ekspresidendi Fransisco Florese ja Londoni majandusinstituudi peadirektori John Blundelliga

  2. Ja jälle filmitudengid! Voila! / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Tallinna Kinomajas linastunud TPÜ filmi ja video õppetooli operaatorite kursuse II õppeaasta kursusetööd-lühifilmid : "Tulemine" (Elen Lotman), "Duell" (Mart Arjukese, Kristjan-Jaak Nuudi), "Opus Negrum" (Peter Murdmaa) ja "What's the feeling" (Janek Karakatsh)

  3. Ja jälle filmitudengid! Voila! / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Tallinna Kinomajas linastunud TPÜ filmi ja video õppetooli operaatorite kursuse II õppeaasta kursusetööd-lühifilmid : "Tulemine" (Elen Lotman), "Duell" (Mart Arjukese, Kristjan-Jaak Nuudi), "Opus Negrum" (Peter Murdmaa) ja "What's the feeling" (Janek Karakatsh)

  4. Does Wal-Mart Sell Inferior Goods?

    OpenAIRE

    Emek Basker

    2008-01-01

    I estimate the aggregate income elasticity of Wal-Mart's and Target's revenues using quarterly data for 1997-2006. I find that Wal-Mart's revenues increase during bad times, whereas Target's revenues decrease, consistent with Wal-Mart selling "inferior goods" in the technical sense of the term. An upper bound on the aggregate income elasticity of demand for Wal-Mart's wares is -0.5.

  5. Burnout / Mart Jürisoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürisoo, Mart, 1950-2014

    2004-01-01

    Rootsi eestlase Mart Jürisoo peagi eestikeelsena ilmuva raamatu "Burnout - miks juhid läbi põlevad?" põhjal kokkuvõtlikult läbipõlemisest, ühiskondlikest nähtustest, mis sellele kaasa aitavad ning sellest hoidumise võimalustest

  6. Burnout / Mart Jürisoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürisoo, Mart, 1950-2014

    2004-01-01

    Rootsi eestlase Mart Jürisoo peagi eestikeelsena ilmuva raamatu "Burnout - miks juhid läbi põlevad?" põhjal kokkuvõtlikult läbipõlemisest, ühiskondlikest nähtustest, mis sellele kaasa aitavad ning sellest hoidumise võimalustest

  7. Búsqueda de vida en Marte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Navarro-González

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La misión astrobiológica más importante que se ha realizado hasta la fecha ha sido sin duda el proyecto Vikingo de la NASA. Esta misión consistió en tres experimentos biológicos especialmente diseñados para la búsqueda de indicadores de vida en las capas superficiales del suelo marciano. Los tres experimentos dieron resultados positivos. Sin embargo, el análisis de materia orgánica en el suelo marciano demostró la ausencia total de carbono orgánico. Este hallazgo fue utilizado como uno de los argumentos más sólidos en contra de la existencia de vida en la superficie del planeta Marte. Como preparación para futuras misiones a Marte en búsqueda de vida es necesario probar los instrumentos en localidades terrestres que pudieran ser ambientes análogos a Marte. Uno de los desiertos más áridos del planeta es el de Atacama, en el norte de Chile. Estudios químicos y microbiológicos del suelo de Atacama sugieren que el corazón del desierto es en realidad un buen análogo de Marte, ya que no posee vida macroscópica y microscópica, tiene niveles muy bajos de materia orgánica, y sus suelos son muy reactivos. En colaboración con científicos franceses y estadounidenses, estamos preparando una misión robótica dirigida por la NASA para la búsqueda de vida pasada o presente en Marte por lo que el Desierto de Atacama en Chile es el escenario para la preparación de esta misión espacial.

  8. Vaba mees Mart Laar / Mart Laar ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Riigikogu saadik, Rootsi Swedpanki nõukogu liige vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad temale CATO Instituudi poolt omistatud Milton Friedmani auhinda, osalemist poliitikas, vabaduse tähendust, võimalust saada taas peaministriks, Eesti iseseisvuse eest hääletanud Illar Hallaste ja Indrek Toome väljajäämist ordenisaajate nimekirjast, Isamaaliidu ja Res Publica ühinemist ning uue partei võimalikku juhti. Lisa: Mart Laar. Kommenteerib Tiit Pruuli

  9. Vaba mees Mart Laar / Mart Laar ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Riigikogu saadik, Rootsi Swedpanki nõukogu liige vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad temale CATO Instituudi poolt omistatud Milton Friedmani auhinda, osalemist poliitikas, vabaduse tähendust, võimalust saada taas peaministriks, Eesti iseseisvuse eest hääletanud Illar Hallaste ja Indrek Toome väljajäämist ordenisaajate nimekirjast, Isamaaliidu ja Res Publica ühinemist ning uue partei võimalikku juhti. Lisa: Mart Laar. Kommenteerib Tiit Pruuli

  10. Mart Ustav : me ei pruugi HI-viirusest kunagi vabaneda / Mart Ustav ; interv. Riho Laurisaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ustav, Mart, 1949-

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli teadlane Mart Ustav töötab välja HI-viiruse vaktsiini. Kui enamik seniseid aidsiravimeid on keemilised, siis Mart Ustav usub, et on võimalik luua ka looduslik preparaat, mida on lihtne toota ja mis tulevikus võiks abivajajale maksta kõigest mõnisada krooni. Lisaks: Teised Mart Ustavist: Mart Loog, Toivo Maimets

  11. Towards a new BOLAM-MOLOCH suite for the SIMM forecasting system: implementation of an optimised configuration for the HyMeX Special Observation Periods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Mariani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the performance of two versions of the Sistema Idro-Meteo-Mare (SIMM forecasting system, aiming at predicting weather, waves and sea surge in the Mediterranean basin and, in particular, around the Italian coasts, are compared for two high-impact case studies corresponding to the Intense Operation Period (IOP 16 and 18 of the first monitoring campaign of the HYdrological cycle in Mediterranean EXperiment (HyMeX. The first SIMM version tested – currently operational – is based on the meteorological hydrostatic BOlogna Limited Area Model (BOLAM one-way nested over two domains, the Mediterranean-embedded Costal WAve Forecasting system (Mc-WAF, and the Shallow water HYdrodynamic Finite Element Model (SHYFEM. The second version tested is the one initially implemented for the HyMeX monitoring campaigns, which is composed by an optimised new configuration of BOLAM defined over a wider, higher-resolution domain, the nonhydrostatic convection permitting model MOLOCH, the Mc-WAF component, and SHYFEM. Both SIMM versions are initialised with data from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF Integrated Forecasting System (IFS. The accumulated precipitation obtained by applying all the above meteorological model chains at the two case studies is compared with observations. In general, the precipitation forecast quality turns out to improve with increasing resolution, the best result being obtained with the MOLOCH model. Storm surge and tidal forecasts, obtained by forcing SHYFEM with the BOLAM and ECMWF IFS surface wind and atmospheric pressure fields, are compared with observations of tidal elevation measured at the ISPRA "Punta della Salute" tide-gauge, located in the Lagoon of Venice. Results indicate that, for the IOP18, short-term forecasts obtained with BOLAM outperform the ECMWF IFS one, while the opposite seems apparently true for longer-term predictions.

  12. Marte Meo Metode som magtteknologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Nelli Øvre

    2015-01-01

    Pårørendeskole til pårørende for at forbedre kommunikation og samvær med familiemedlemmer med demens. Ægtefæller fortalte, at de oplevede at skulle påtage sig større ansvar, end de allerede havde, og at de gjorde modstand mod undervisernes formidlingsmåde og fortolkning af Marte Meo, der blev...

  13. Lissaboni leping tõhustab Euroopa toimimist / Kristiina Herodes, Ülle Madise, Marko Mihkelson ; intervjueerinud Argo Ideon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Herodes, Kristiina

    2009-01-01

    EL-i Kosovo missiooni kommunikatsioonispetsialist Kristiina Herodes, Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli avaliku õiguse professor Ülle Madise ja Riigikogu Euroopa Liidu asjade komisjoni esimees Marko Mihkelson Lissaboni lepingu tähtsusest

  14. Mart Habakuk viis esimese Eesti ettevõtte Londoni börsile / Mart Habakuk ; interv. Jaanika Merilo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Habakuk, Mart, 1969-

    2007-01-01

    Metro Capital Managementi juhatuse esimees Mart Habakuk tutvustab kinnisvarainvesteerimisfirma Metro Baltic Horizons noteerimist Londoni alternatiivnimekirja AIM. Lisa: Metro Capital Management; Mart Habakuk

  15. Kõrge majandusauhind Mart Laarile / Martin Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2006-01-01

    Cato instituut premeeris Mart Laari majandusteadlase Milton Friedmani nimelise auhinnaga ja üle 6 miljoni krooniga. Vt. samas: Mart Laari varasemad autasud; Milton Friedmani auhind anti kätte kolmandat korda. Kommenteerivad: Ivari Padar, Tiit Vähi, Tiit Tammsaar, Linnar Viik ja Andres Lipstok

  16. Kõrge majandusauhind Mart Laarile / Martin Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2006-01-01

    Cato instituut premeeris Mart Laari majandusteadlase Milton Friedmani nimelise auhinnaga ja üle 6 miljoni krooniga. Vt. samas: Mart Laari varasemad autasud; Milton Friedmani auhind anti kätte kolmandat korda. Kommenteerivad: Ivari Padar, Tiit Vähi, Tiit Tammsaar, Linnar Viik ja Andres Lipstok

  17. Microsatellite variability of Sardinian pine martens, Martes martes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colli, Licia; Cannas, Rita; Deiana, Anna M; Tagliavini, James

    2011-08-01

    The pine marten, Martes martes, is a medium-sized terrestrial carnivore associated with woodland habitats of the western Palearctic region. The present distribution area of the species also includes six islands of the western Mediterranean basin. The origin of these insular populations and their taxonomic status are still debated; their molecular characterization appears relevant for conservation purposes. To describe the genetic variability of the pine martens from Sardinia we characterized 40 insular and 14 Italian individuals at seven nuclear microsatellite loci. The identification of private alleles and the calculated F(ST) value of 0.074 revealed some genetic differentiation between the two populations, which accounts for the high percentages of correct allocation (96.39-98.80%) scored by the genotype assignment test. The presence of two distinct clusters corresponding to Sardinia and mainland Italy was further confirmed by the multivariate Factorial Correspondence Analysis of individual genotypes. Moreover, the genome of the Sardinian individuals bore signs of past demographic fluctuations, i.e. the presence of the monomorphic locus Ma-4, a lower allelic richness and a lower number of private alleles, which may derive from the combination of drift, founder effects, and human overexploitation. Anyway, if such events ever affected the Sardinian population, this is likely to have happened in the past since, according to our microsatellite data, the present-day population does not show evidence of recent bottlenecks or inbreeding, the Wilcoxon sign-rank test and the F(IS) index being not statistically significant (both P > 0.05). Based on this genetic evidence, we advance hypotheses about the distinctiveness of the Sardinian population and its significance for taxonomy and conservation.

  18. Antikommunistid tulid kokku Prahas / Mart Niklus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niklus, Mart-Olav, 1934-

    2007-01-01

    22.-25 juunini Prahas toimunud poliitvangide ja kommunismiohvrite rahvusvahelise assotsiatsiooni (INTER-ASSO) 15. kongressist. Eestit esindasid kongressil Mart Niklus ja Kalju Mätik. Lisa: Ka Tšehhis oli oma Gulag

  19. Paneeldiskussioon [veebipõhisest õpikeskkonnast] / Mart Laanpere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanpere, Mart

    2003-01-01

    Maire Salundi (projekt Learning for Sharing) juhtimisel läbi viidud paneeldiskussioon, milles osalesid Mart Laanepere, Kerttu Lõhmus (AS Trainator Training), Mall Maasik (Audentes Ariko AS) ja Anne Villems (Tartu Ülikool)

  20. Sallimatuse juured / Mart Nutt, Mikko Lagerspetz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nutt, Mart, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Euroopa Nõukogu rassismi ja ja sallimatuse vastase komisjoni liige Mart Nutt ning Eesti Humanitaarinstituudi sotsioloogia professor Mikko Lagerspetz arutlevad Eesti internetiportaalides levivate rassistlike ja antisemiitlike kommentaaride põhjuste ning tagajärgede üle

  1. Sallimatuse juured / Mart Nutt, Mikko Lagerspetz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nutt, Mart, 1962-

    2004-01-01

    Euroopa Nõukogu rassismi ja ja sallimatuse vastase komisjoni liige Mart Nutt ning Eesti Humanitaarinstituudi sotsioloogia professor Mikko Lagerspetz arutlevad Eesti internetiportaalides levivate rassistlike ja antisemiitlike kommentaaride põhjuste ning tagajärgede üle

  2. Noore kirjanduse potentsiaalist / Juko-Mart Kõlar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõlar, Juko-Mart

    2002-01-01

    Vastukaja Berk Vaheri arvustusele (kogumikule 4 x 4 / Tiit Kuuskmäe, Henrik Sova, Jarno Edur, Juko-Mart Kõlar. Tallinn, 2002) "Noormeeste kvartett kihutab neljarattaveol kirjandusse" (Postimees, 2002, 2. sept., lk. 17)

  3. Mart, Peeter ja Tõnu vallutavad Leedu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Juuni esimesel poolel sõidab Mart Kivastiku näidend "Peeter ja Tõnu" kahele Leedu teatrifestivalile - Klaipeda rahvusvahelisele lühinäidendite festivalile ja Vilniusesse Balti riikide uue draama festivalile New Drama Action

  4. Paneeldiskussioon [veebipõhisest õpikeskkonnast] / Mart Laanpere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanpere, Mart

    2003-01-01

    Maire Salundi (projekt Learning for Sharing) juhtimisel läbi viidud paneeldiskussioon, milles osalesid Mart Laanepere, Kerttu Lõhmus (AS Trainator Training), Mall Maasik (Audentes Ariko AS) ja Anne Villems (Tartu Ülikool)

  5. The implications of Wal-Mart's takeover of ASDA

    OpenAIRE

    Steve Burt; Leigh Sparks

    2001-01-01

    Wal-Mart is the world's largest retailer. Within the United Kingdom, retailing has generally been considered as a local or national activity. Wal-Mart's purchase of ASDA in 1999 illustrates the global scale of much modern retailing. In this paper we consider the implications of Wal-Mart's takeover of ASDA. First, the key drivers of Wal-Mart's business success are analysed. Second, the impact of Wal-Mart in Canada and Germany is considered. Third, the match of Wal-Mart with ASDA is examined. F...

  6. Millest kõneleb koreograaf Mart Kangro? / Heili Lindepuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindepuu, Heili

    2011-01-01

    Festivali POT raames 5. ja 6. mail Kanuti Gildi saalis taasetendunud Mart Kangro soololavastusest "Start. Based on a True Story". 27. mail Kalevi Spordihallis esietenduvast Mart Kangro lavastusest "Open Tallinn", kus on ühendatud teater, reality show ja multimeedia

  7. 2009. aasta eelarvest 2010. aastasse vaadates / Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2008-01-01

    Erakonna Isamaa ja Res Publica Liit esimees avalikustab 2009.aasta eelarve arutelul välja käidud ettepanekud ja teavitab arutelu tulemused. Tekst pärineb Mart Laari blogist http://blog.irl.ee/Mart_ Laar/

  8. Millest kõneleb koreograaf Mart Kangro? / Heili Lindepuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindepuu, Heili

    2011-01-01

    Festivali POT raames 5. ja 6. mail Kanuti Gildi saalis taasetendunud Mart Kangro soololavastusest "Start. Based on a True Story". 27. mail Kalevi Spordihallis esietenduvast Mart Kangro lavastusest "Open Tallinn", kus on ühendatud teater, reality show ja multimeedia

  9. 2009. aasta eelarvest 2010. aastasse vaadates / Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2008-01-01

    Erakonna Isamaa ja Res Publica Liit esimees avalikustab 2009.aasta eelarve arutelul välja käidud ettepanekud ja teavitab arutelu tulemused. Tekst pärineb Mart Laari blogist http://blog.irl.ee/Mart_ Laar/

  10. Painting the Town Red? Wal-Mart and Values

    OpenAIRE

    Carden, Art; Courtemanche, Charles; Meiners, Jeremy

    2008-01-01

    This essay explores the relationship between commerce and culture in the context of the recent debate over the social effect of Wal-Mart. In spite of much public debate, little is known about how Wal-Mart affects values. Using data collected from multiple sources, we show there is little evidence that Wal-Mart makes communities more conservative or more progressive.

  11. Mengel, Auser ja Nikopensius tabasid HI-viiruse teolt / Lilian Mengel, Geitti Auser, Kristiina Nikopensius ; intervjueerinud Riho Laurisaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mengel, Lilian

    2009-01-01

    Tartu Kõrgema Kunstikooli meedia- ja reklaamikunsti eriala lõpetanud Lilian Mengel, Geitti Auser ja Kristiina Nikopensius oma diplomitööna valminud Eesti esimesest 4D-animafilmist "Ärka üles", mis näitab HI-viiruse teekonda kehas. Kolmekesi moodustatud reklaamiagentuurist Control Disain

  12. ShanghaiMart Review in 2007

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ting

    2007-01-01

    @@ 2007 VIFF Design Club Activities Recently, the 2007 VIFF Design Club Activities, organized by the View International Fashion & Fabrics Magazine and Fashion Resource Net,was held in the Shanghai Mart in Shanghai, providing a platform for domestic and overseas garment designersto exchange views and ideas on fashion and fabrics designs.

  13. Sõnumeid Ungarist ja ungarlastest / Mart Niklus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niklus, Mart-Olav, 1934-

    2006-01-01

    20.-23. oktoobril 2006. a. Budapestis toimunud Endiste Poliitvangide ja Kommunismiohvrite Rahvusvahelise Assotsiatsiooni (INTER-ASSO) 14. kongressist. Eestit esindasid Mart Niklus ja Kalju Mätik. Vt. samas. Tõnu Kalvet. Ungari Jüri Estam - Tamas "Lõvi" Pinter. Ungari Jüri Liim - György Budahazy

  14. Mart Remmeli "geograafilised figuurid" / Arvo Krikmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krikmann, Arvo, 1939-2017

    2005-01-01

    Refereeritakse broshüüri Remmel, Mart. Large data bases in quantitative history : some handling techniques. Tallinn : Academy of Sciences of the Estonian S.S.R., 1979. (Preprint ; KKI-12) inimgeograafia teooria vaatevinklist ning kommenteeritakse seda Eesti folkloorinähtuste geograafilist levikut puutuva materjaliga

  15. Mart Laar tuleb peatada / Villu Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiljan, Villu, 1953-

    2001-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vooremaa, 8. dets. 2001, lk. 2; Nädaline, 8. dets. 2001, lk. 4; Võrumaa Teataja, 11. dets. 2001, lk. 2; Järva Teataja, 13. dets. 2001, lk. 2. Kuigi ca 70% Eesti rahvast on elektrijaamade erastamise vastu, on Mart Laari valitsus ignoreerinud rahva tahet, talle on kogu aeg sekundeerinud Mihkel Pärnoja. Autor: ERL. Parlamendisaadik

  16. Mart Laar tuleb peatada / Villu Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiljan, Villu, 1953-

    2001-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vooremaa, 8. dets. 2001, lk. 2; Nädaline, 8. dets. 2001, lk. 4; Võrumaa Teataja, 11. dets. 2001, lk. 2; Järva Teataja, 13. dets. 2001, lk. 2. Kuigi ca 70% Eesti rahvast on elektrijaamade erastamise vastu, on Mart Laari valitsus ignoreerinud rahva tahet, talle on kogu aeg sekundeerinud Mihkel Pärnoja. Autor: ERL. Parlamendisaadik

  17. Mart Susi tegevust uurib keskkriminaalpolitsei / Sigrid Laev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laev, Sigrid

    2003-01-01

    Keskkriminaalpolitsei algatas Concordia ülikooliga seotu uurimiseks kaks kriminaalasja, millest üks käsitleb endise rektori Mart Susi ja endise prorektori Mari-Ann Susi võimalikku ametiseisundi kuritarvitamist, teise sisuks on Concordia varade ilmne varjamine

  18. Mart Remmeli "geograafilised figuurid" / Arvo Krikmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krikmann, Arvo, 1939-2017

    2005-01-01

    Refereeritakse broshüüri Remmel, Mart. Large data bases in quantitative history : some handling techniques. Tallinn : Academy of Sciences of the Estonian S.S.R., 1979. (Preprint ; KKI-12) inimgeograafia teooria vaatevinklist ning kommenteeritakse seda Eesti folkloorinähtuste geograafilist levikut puutuva materjaliga

  19. Ameerika jaekett Wal-Mart alustab Euroopa vallutamist / Nele Laanemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanemäe, Nele

    2004-01-01

    Ameerika jaekaubanduskett Wal-Mart plaanib kauplused avada kõigis Euroopa riikides. Wal-Mart peab enda tugevuseks madalaid hindu ja laia valikut. Lisad: Citymarket ei tunneta uues tulijas ohtu; Wal-Mart

  20. The Effects of Wal-Mart on Local Labor Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Neumark, David; Zhang, Junfu; Ciccarella, Stephen

    2005-01-01

    We estimate the effects of Wal-Mart stores on county-level retail employment and earnings, accounting for endogeneity of the location and timing of Wal-Mart openings that most likely biases the evidence against finding adverse effects of Wal-Mart stores. We address the endogeneity problem using a natural instrumental variables approach that arises from the geographic and time pattern of the opening of Wal-Mart stores, which slowly spread out from the first stores in Arkansas. The employment r...

  1. Preliminary research on some ecological and biometric aspects of the Sardinian pine marten (Martes martes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo Murgia

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The coat colour and the biometric measurements of 13 Sardinian pine martens (Martes martes were similar to the Italian peninsular specimens. The diet was constituted by vegetables (mainly Rosaceae fruits, mammals (rodents and birds. On the basis of the collecting sites of martens, different habitats were frequented by the species, from woods to anthropic areas. Riassunto Indagine preliminare su alcuni aspetti ecologici e biometrici della martora (Martes martes in Sardegna - La colorazione del mantello e i dati biometrici di 13 esemplari di martora sarda (Martes martes erano simili a quelli riportati per esemplari dell'Italia peninsulare. La dieta era composta soprattutto da vegetali (frutti delle Rosaceae, da mammiferi (in particolare roditori e da uccelli. Sulla base dei siti di ritrovamento degli animali si riscontra che la specie frequenta ambienti diversi, dai boschi alle zone antropizzate.

  2. Techonolgy of Qualea grandiflora Mart. (Vochysiaceae) seeds

    OpenAIRE

    Sara Dousseau; Amauri Alves de Alvarenga; Lúcio de Oliveira Arantes; Izabel de Souza Chaves; Eduardo Valente Avelino

    2013-01-01

    Qualea grandiflora Mart. (Vochysiaceae), commonly known as "pau-terra", is an arborous species native to the Brazilian savannah which possess commercial interests, as it can be used either as an ornamental or as a medicinal plant. "Pau-terra" can also be used in the heterogeneous reforestation of areas which are destined for restoration of permanent preservation degraded areas. Propagation studies with this species are scarce, being necessary then further clarification regarding the factors t...

  3. Wal-Mart and Rural Poverty

    OpenAIRE

    Goetz, Stephan J.; Swaminathan, Hema

    2004-01-01

    Wal-Mart® has created tremendous economic benefits for consumers by providing more choices at lower prices. The benefits are felt especially in communities that had only local retail monopolies prior to the arrival of the store. Yet no mretailer evokes stronger negative emotions than this chain. Recent media attention has focused on questionable labor practices and low wages combined with lack of benefits paid by the corporation, while academic studies have examined effects of the stores on r...

  4. Ettevaatust! Läbipõlemisoht! / Mart Raudsaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsaar, Mart, 1973-

    2004-01-01

    Raamatu "Burnout - läbipõlemine" autor Mart Jürisoo räägib läbipõlemise olulisematest põhjustest ja tunnustest, võrdleb Eesti ja Rootsi juhtide juhtimisstiile ning analüüsib stressitegureid Eesti organisatsioonides ja ühiskonnas. Lisa: Läbipõlemise olulisemad sümptomid; Difuusse ehk Marshmallow-organisatsiooni tunnused ja probleemid

  5. Ettevaatust! Läbipõlemisoht! / Mart Raudsaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsaar, Mart, 1973-

    2004-01-01

    Raamatu "Burnout - läbipõlemine" autor Mart Jürisoo räägib läbipõlemise olulisematest põhjustest ja tunnustest, võrdleb Eesti ja Rootsi juhtide juhtimisstiile ning analüüsib stressitegureid Eesti organisatsioonides ja ühiskonnas. Lisa: Läbipõlemise olulisemad sümptomid; Difuusse ehk Marshmallow-organisatsiooni tunnused ja probleemid

  6. Mart Laar dilemma köidikus / Abdul Turay

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Turay, Abdul, 1967-

    2009-01-01

    Autor imetleb Isamaa ja Res Publica Liidu esimeest Mart Laari ning märgib, et kaks monetarismi koolkonda, mida ta toetab, asuvad nüüd diametraalselt vastupidistel seisukohtadel ja Mart Laar peaks nüüd valima, keda ta edaspidi toetab

  7. Mart Sander ja Julie Hagen-Schwarz / Ants Juske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juske, Ants, 1956-

    2009-01-01

    Mart Sanderi galerii "Galerii" (Sakala 18, Tallinn) avanäitusest. Eksponeeritud baltisaksa naiskunstniku Julie Wilhelmine Hagen-Schwarzi maalid, mis on pärit erakogudest. Väljas on ka Mart Sanderi tehtud koopia Julie Hagen-Schwarzi autoportreest (1855). Julie Hagen-Schwarzist ja tema loomingust

  8. Riigikogu palk külma! / Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2008-01-01

    Parlamendiliikme sõnul kavatsetakse 2007. aasta lõpu tasemel külmutada Riigikogu liikmete, ministrite, presidendi, eurosaadikute, õiguskantsleri, riigikontrolöri ja teiste kõrgemate ametiisikute palk. Artikkel pärineb Mart Laari veebipäevikust http://blog.irl.ee/Mart_Laar/

  9. Riigikogu palk külma! / Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2008-01-01

    Parlamendiliikme sõnul kavatsetakse 2007. aasta lõpu tasemel külmutada Riigikogu liikmete, ministrite, presidendi, eurosaadikute, õiguskantsleri, riigikontrolöri ja teiste kõrgemate ametiisikute palk. Artikkel pärineb Mart Laari veebipäevikust http://blog.irl.ee/Mart_Laar/

  10. Mart Sander ja Julie Hagen-Schwarz / Ants Juske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juske, Ants, 1956-

    2009-01-01

    Mart Sanderi galerii "Galerii" (Sakala 18, Tallinn) avanäitusest. Eksponeeritud baltisaksa naiskunstniku Julie Wilhelmine Hagen-Schwarzi maalid, mis on pärit erakogudest. Väljas on ka Mart Sanderi tehtud koopia Julie Hagen-Schwarzi autoportreest (1855). Julie Hagen-Schwarzist ja tema loomingust

  11. Mart Laar dilemma köidikus / Abdul Turay

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Turay, Abdul, 1967-

    2009-01-01

    Autor imetleb Isamaa ja Res Publica Liidu esimeest Mart Laari ning märgib, et kaks monetarismi koolkonda, mida ta toetab, asuvad nüüd diametraalselt vastupidistel seisukohtadel ja Mart Laar peaks nüüd valima, keda ta edaspidi toetab

  12. Skred i marts: S minus seks mandater, SF plus ni

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    2008-01-01

    NYHED: "Tilslutningen til S går ad helvede til", skriver professor Søren Risbjerg Thomsen om snittet af meningsmålinger i marts.......NYHED: "Tilslutningen til S går ad helvede til", skriver professor Søren Risbjerg Thomsen om snittet af meningsmålinger i marts....

  13. Development of E-Mart Based on Object-Oriented Databases (OODB)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Li; WANG Li; LIU Hao-shuang

    2002-01-01

    Focusing on the development of electronic-mart (e-mart)based on object-oriented databases (OODB), the concepts of integrated electronic-commerce (ecommerce) environment and e-mart are introduced, and the basic characteristics of OODB Jasmine are described.In addition, the database mode and hierarchy of e-mart are discussed in derail.

  14. Preemiad said Rein Raud, fs, Mart Kivastik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2004. aasta kirjanduse aastapreemia laureaadid on: Rein Raud ("Hector ja Bernard"), fs (luulekogu "2004"), Mart Kivastik (näidend "Külmetava kunstniku portree"), Jaan Rannap ("Nelja nimega koer"), Toomas Haug ("Troojamäe tõotus"), Harald Rajamets (tõlkeluule kogumik "Pegasos ja peegel"), Antoine Chalvin ("Kalevipoja" tõlge prantsuse keelde"), Ilmar Talve ("Eesti kultuurilugu"), Lauri Sommer (artikkel Uku Masingu käsikirja "Saadik Magellani pilvest" vaimne, ajalis-ruumiline ja elulooline taust), Boris Tuch ("Gorjatshaja desjatka estonskihh pisatelei")

  15. ShanghaiMart: Review in October

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ting

    2007-01-01

    @@ International Buyers Delegation Visit the city of Zhongshan On Oct.25th-27th,the international buyers group of ShanghaiMart,invited by the organizing committee of the eighth China's Casual Wear Fair,visited the city of Zhongshan in Guangdong province and took part in the expo.The delegation consisted of 29 members,mainly from eight European and American enterprises,seven Japanese and Korean enterprises,and three corporations from Hong Kong,Taiwan and the mainland of China.

  16. Preemiad said Rein Raud, fs, Mart Kivastik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2004. aasta kirjanduse aastapreemia laureaadid on: Rein Raud ("Hector ja Bernard"), fs (luulekogu "2004"), Mart Kivastik (näidend "Külmetava kunstniku portree"), Jaan Rannap ("Nelja nimega koer"), Toomas Haug ("Troojamäe tõotus"), Harald Rajamets (tõlkeluule kogumik "Pegasos ja peegel"), Antoine Chalvin ("Kalevipoja" tõlge prantsuse keelde"), Ilmar Talve ("Eesti kultuurilugu"), Lauri Sommer (artikkel Uku Masingu käsikirja "Saadik Magellani pilvest" vaimne, ajalis-ruumiline ja elulooline taust), Boris Tuch ("Gorjatshaja desjatka estonskihh pisatelei")

  17. Entrevista a Martín Pereda

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    En esta entrevista, celebrada en la Real Academia de Ingeniería Española, José Antonio Martín Pereda, padre de la fotónica, y participante en la elaboración del primer plan de I+D para España en los 80, habla sobre el desconocimiento que había en nuestro país en los años 70 sobre la fotónica y el láser. Habla igualmente sobre los ordenadores cuánticos y sobre la crisis económica.

  18. The Diffusion of Wal-Mart and Economies of Density

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas J. Holmes

    2008-01-01

    The roll-out of Wal-Mart store openings followed a pattern that radiated from the center out with Wal-Mart maintaining high store density and a contiguous store network all along the way. This paper estimates the benefits of such a strategy to Wal-Mart, focusing on the savings in distribution costs afforded by a dense network of stores. The paper takes a revealed preference approach, inferring the magnitude of density economies by the extent of sales cannibalization from closely-packed stores...

  19. Spatio-temporal population genetics of the Danish pine marten (Martes martes)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pertoldi, Cino; Barker, Stuart F; Madsen, Aksel Bo;

    2008-01-01

    A spatio-temporal study of genetic variation in the Danish pine marten (Martes martes) populations from the Jutland peninsula and from the island of Sealand was performed using 11 microsatellite markers. Samples obtained from 1892 to 2003 were subdivided into historical (prior to 1970) and recent...... (from 1970) groups. As compared with the historical samples, there was a significant loss of genetic variation in the recent Jutland population, but not in Sealand. Effective population sizes were estimated using Bayesian-based software (TMVP). Historical effective population sizes were 5897 (90...... samples indicates changes in the genetic compositions over time, and the higher FST values between the two recent samples, as compared with the two historical samples, indicates that the populations in Sealand and Jutland have drifted apart within a short time span. No deviation from Hardy...

  20. Spatio-temporal population genetic survey of the Danish pine marten (Martes martes)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pertoldi, Cino; Barker, J Stuart F; Madsen, Aksel Bo;

    2008-01-01

    samples indicates changes in the genetic compositions over time, and the higher FST values between the two recent samples, as compared with the two historical samples, indicates that the populations in Sealand and Jutland have drifted apart within a short time span. No deviation from Hardy......A spatio-temporal study of genetic variation in the Danish pine marten (Martes martes) populations from the Jutland peninsula and from the island of Sealand was performed using 11 microsatellite markers. Samples obtained from 1892 to 2003 were subdivided into historical (prior to 1970) and recent...... (from 1970) groups. As compared with the historical samples, there was a significant loss of genetic variation in the recent Jutland population, but not in Sealand. Effective population sizes were estimated using Bayesian-based software (TMVP). Historical effective population sizes were 5897 (90...

  1. Mart Mets : "Mida rohkem ajaloolisi kihistusi, seda põnevam on aed" / Mart Mets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mets, Mart

    2006-01-01

    Eesti elukutselisi aialoojaid tutvustavas sarjas vastab küsimustele maastikuarhitekt Mart Mets. M. Metsast, tema tähtsamad tööd. M. Mets endast, oma õpetajatest, lemmikstiilist, oma tulevasest aiast ja töödest, koostööst klientidega, uuselamurajoonide kruntide probleemidest, vana aia ümberkujundamisest, ilutaimedest, Eesti aiast jpm. Ill.: M. Metsa portreefoto, 6 ill. tema töödest

  2. Dialoog läbi seina / Mart Kangro, Jim Ashilevi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kangro, Mart, 1974-

    2016-01-01

    Videoblogidest ehk vlogidest, internetist, videomeediumist, distantsist esineja ja publiku vahel, verbaalsest eneseväljandusest, lavastusprotsessist, füüsilisest teatrist ja muust. Mart Kangro ja Jim Ashilevi vestlus

  3. Teadlastele on Saksamaa kogemus hindamatu / Mart Min, Jaan Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Min, Mart, 1943-

    2012-01-01

    Oma muljeid Saksamaalt jagavad Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli professor Mart Min, kes on viibinud õppejõuna Saksamaal ja Frankfurdis Max Plancki instituudis doktorantuuris aju ja teadvust uuriv noorteadlane Jaan Aru

  4. Teadlastele on Saksamaa kogemus hindamatu / Mart Min, Jaan Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Min, Mart, 1943-

    2012-01-01

    Oma muljeid Saksamaalt jagavad Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli professor Mart Min, kes on viibinud õppejõuna Saksamaal ja Frankfurdis Max Plancki instituudis doktorantuuris aju ja teadvust uuriv noorteadlane Jaan Aru

  5. José Martí

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Maria Angelica Guidolin dos

    2004-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Comunicação e Expressão. Programa de Pós-graduação em Literatura O objetivo deste trabalho é problematizar a intenção formadora da identidade nacional, realizada pelo escritor José Julián Martí y Pérez (1853-1895) do ponto de vista literário, destacando a revista La Edad de Oro, como representante da voz literária do escritor no panorama latino-americano. Quanto à sua produção, destaca-se a diversidade de gêneros li...

  6. Wal-Mart China’s Sustainable Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王彦平

    2014-01-01

    At Wal-Mart, we know that being an ef icient and profitable business and being a good steward of the environment are goals that can work together. In this report, taking China for example, we mainly analyze Wal-Mart China’s sustainable development strategies including market expanding, competitiveness and social responsibilities in China. In addition, we analyze Wal-Mart’s international environment to ensure it has a stable environment.

  7. Kuninganna Kristiina ning kunungas Karl XI : rootsiaegsed portreed raekojas = Queen Christina and King Karl XI : portraits of the Swedish period in the Town Hall / Pia Ehasalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ehasalu, Pia, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Kuninganna Kristiina portreest lapsena (1638). Arvatav autor: Rootsi tolleaegne õuekunstnik Jacob Heinrich Elbfas või tema töökoda. Rootsi kuninga Karl XI noorpõlveportreest (1670). Autor: Karl XI õuekunstnik David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl (1628-1698)

  8. Kuninganna Kristiina ning kunungas Karl XI : rootsiaegsed portreed raekojas = Queen Christina and King Karl XI : portraits of the Swedish period in the Town Hall / Pia Ehasalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ehasalu, Pia, 1964-

    2004-01-01

    Kuninganna Kristiina portreest lapsena (1638). Arvatav autor: Rootsi tolleaegne õuekunstnik Jacob Heinrich Elbfas või tema töökoda. Rootsi kuninga Karl XI noorpõlveportreest (1670). Autor: Karl XI õuekunstnik David Klöcker Ehrenstrahl (1628-1698)

  9. Variabilità microsatellitare in popolazioni italiane di martora, Martes martes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Licia Colli

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available La martora, Martes martes, è un mustelide storicamente presente su gran parte del territorio italiano, soprattutto dove siano presenti foreste mature altamente strutturate e ricche di risorse. Nel corso dei decenni passati, cause quali la deforestazione con conseguente frammentazione dell'habitat, la caccia e la persecuzione da parte dell'uomo hanno portato ad un sensibile declino sia nel numero d'individui sia di popolazioni in tutta l'Europa. Frammentazione degli areali e diminuzione del numero di soggetti costituiscono le cause principali di un limitato flusso genico con conseguente formazione di popolazioni isolate di martora e perdita di variabilità genetica (Kyle et al., 2003. Per queste ragioni la martora risulta attualmente tutelata secondo quanto previsto dalla Convenzione di Berna (appendice III e dalla Direttiva europea 92/43/CEE "Habitats & Species". Di fronte a prospettive di tipo conservazionistico, diventa necessario disporre di metodologie per la valutazione della variabilità residua nella specie a livello d'individui e di popolazioni. Secondo numerosi Autori, i microsatelliti costituiscono marcatori molto efficaci nella descrizione della struttura genetica e della storia demografica di specie (Beaumont & Bruford, 1999; Linares, 1999. Il presente lavoro propone i risultati ottenuti attraverso il confronto di due campioni costituiti da individui di Martes martes provenienti dalla Sardegna (25 esemplari e dal territorio italiano (6 esemplari. L'analisi è stata condotta a livello di 7 loci microsatellitari dinucleotidici polimorfici. Il valore di FST calcolato dal confronto dei due gruppi è risultato pari a 0,102 e ricade nel range di variazione identificato di recente in popolazioni nord-europee di martora (Kyle et al., 2003. L'analisi della varianza molecolare (AMOVA, condotta a due livelli gerarchici, ha permesso in particolare di ripartire la varianza del campione

  10. Noored lavastajad ületavad valdkondade piirid / Uku Uusberg, Mart Kase ; intervjueerinud Eero Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uusberg, Uku, 1984-

    2009-01-01

    Noored lavastajad Uku Uusberg ja Mart Kase oma vastvalminud lavastustest. 19. mail esietendub NO99 teatris Uku Uusbergi kirjutatud ja lavastatud "Pea vahetus" ja Niine 11 kontorihoones Mart Kase kirjutatud ja lavastatud "Startup"

  11. Noored lavastajad ületavad valdkondade piirid / Uku Uusberg, Mart Kase ; intervjueerinud Eero Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uusberg, Uku, 1984-

    2009-01-01

    Noored lavastajad Uku Uusberg ja Mart Kase oma vastvalminud lavastustest. 19. mail esietendub NO99 teatris Uku Uusbergi kirjutatud ja lavastatud "Pea vahetus" ja Niine 11 kontorihoones Mart Kase kirjutatud ja lavastatud "Startup"

  12. El viaje a Marte de Modesto Brocos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaureguízar, Agustín

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Modesto Brocos (1852-1936 was a remarkable painter from Santiago de Compostela who emigrated at an early age to Brazil, where he lived, held in high regard, up to his death. In 1930 he published in Valencia, in Castilian, his only work of fiction, an unobtainable Voyage To Mars which is a true socialist utopia. That whole world is established as a single global state, of which he details all that goes from a Constitution to Municipal Ordinances, through the administration of justice, education, health and Women’s Rights, with only one race and one language, and as peculiar a institution as the Agricultural Army or the Humanitarian Sisters.Modesto Brocos (1852-1936 fue un notable pintor compostelano que emigró joven a Brasil y allí vivió respetado hasta su muerte. En 1930 publicó en Valencia, en castellano, su única obra de ficción, un inencontrable Viaje a Marte que es una auténtica utopía socialista. Todo ese mundo está constituido en un solo estado planetario, del que detalla cuanto va de una Constitución a unas Ordenanzas Municipales, pasando por la administración de justicia, la educación, la sanidad y la igualdad de derechos entre los sexos, con una raza única y una lengua única, contando con instituciones tan peculiares como el Ejercito Agrícola o las Hermanas Humanitarias.

  13. Näljane Wal-Mart tahab ka smiley alla kugistada / Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aru, Erik

    2006-01-01

    USA jaekaubanduskett Wal-Mart tahab oma kaubamärgina registreerida smiley' - kollase naerunäo kujutise. Smiley' leiutajaks peab end Suurbritannias asuva ühemehefirma SmileyWorld omanik Franklin Loufrani. Lisa: Wal-Mart üritab jõukamaid kundesid meelitada. Tabel: Wal-Mart

  14. The MARTE VNIR Imaging Spectrometer Experiment: Design and Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, Adrian J; Dunagan, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    We report on the design, operation, and data analysis methods employed on the VNIR imaging spectrometer instrument that was part of the Mars Astrobiology Research and Technology Experiment (MARTE). The imaging spectrometer is a hyperspectral scanning pushbroom device sensitive to VNIR wavelengths from 400-1000 nm. During the MARTE project, the spectrometer was deployed to the Rio Tinto region of Spain. We analyzed subsets of 3 cores from Rio Tinto using a new band modeling technique. We found most of the MARTE drill cores to contain predominantly goethite, though spatially coherent areas of hematite were identified in Core 23. We also distinguished non Fe-bearing minerals that were subsequently analyzed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and found to be primarily muscovite. We present drill core maps that include spectra of goethite, hematite, and non Fe-bearing minerals.

  15. Techonolgy of Qualea grandiflora Mart. (Vochysiaceae seeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Dousseau

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Qualea grandiflora Mart. (Vochysiaceae, commonly known as "pau-terra", is an arborous species native to the Brazilian savannah which possess commercial interests, as it can be used either as an ornamental or as a medicinal plant. "Pau-terra" can also be used in the heterogeneous reforestation of areas which are destined for restoration of permanent preservation degraded areas. Propagation studies with this species are scarce, being necessary then further clarification regarding the factors that influences the germination process. In this context, the objective of this work was to evaluate the influence of different temperatures, substrates and light conditions on seed germination. We selected light brown seeds which were subjected to different interactions between temperatures (15-25, 20-30, 25 and 30°C, substrate (paper, sand and vermiculite and light (light and dark. All seeds were later dry-incubated at 32°C for 3, 6 and 12 hours. After treatments, seeds were kept in BOD at 58% RH and the following parameters were calculated: germination (%G and germination speed index (GSI; the formation of normal and abnormal seedlings and the number dead seeds. Interaction was observed for all variables. In the optimum temperature range, the seeds behaved as photoblastic neutral or indifferent. Under alternating temperatures, darkness enhanced the germination, especially when combined with the lower temperatures. We noted that the sowing in sand, at 25°C, allowed the maintenance of suitable combinations of germination and seedling development. With respect to desiccation tolerance, "pau-terra" seeds presented an orthodox behavior, with a linear increase of the vigor as function of drying.

  16. La historia orbital de Deimos y la oblicuidad de Marte

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunini, A.; Yokoyama, T.

    Recientemente, se ha demostrado mediante extensas integraciones numéricas, que la rotación de Marte pasó repetidamente por estados caóticos de movimiento, debido al pasaje por zonas de resonancia spin - órbita. En dichas circunstancias, la oblicuidad marciana pudo haber sufrido grandes excursiones de varias decenas de grados. Las consecuencias de dichas variaciones son de extrema importancia en el contexto de la búsqueda de manifestaciones de vida fósil en dicho planeta. El estudio de la dinámica orbital del satélite más exterior de Marte, Deimos, nos ha permitido comprobar, en el marco de las distintas teorías sobre su orígen, que la oblicuidad de Marte dificilmente pudo haber sufrido variaciones que la aparten más de 10o respecto de actual valor. Este resultado parece ser mucho más robusto que las simulaciones numéricas de Touma y Wisdom asi como las de Laskar y Robutel, lo que permite poner cotas más severas a la evolución paleoclimática de Marte.

  17. Mart Sander ei tea oma saate tulevikku / Heili Sibrits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sibrits, Heili, 1977-

    2002-01-01

    Muusikasaatest "Tähed muusikas". Mart Sanderi juhitav MTÜ Bel-Etage suurprojektidest 2002. aasta maist augustini: Sir Arthur Sullivani koomilisest ooperist "Trial by Jury" ("Vandekohus") ja Lionel Moncktoni muusikalist "The Arcadians" ("Arkaadlased"). Sander juhib BBC Eurovisioni-eelset saadet eesti muusikast

  18. José Martí: modernidade e utopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariza Veloso

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available O artigo trata da trajetória intelectual e política de José Martí. Busca analisar as rupturas que o mesmo introduziu no campo cultural da América Latina, ao reescrever as relações entre civilização e barbárie, assim como entre literatura, história e política. Utilizou-se da crônica jornalística como arma de combate para introduzir um discurso novo que apontasse para outra modernidade, onde os grupos subalternos e esquecidos pudessem transformar-se em atores sociais, protagonistas da história latino-americana.The article deals with José Martí's intellectual and political trajectory. I aim at analyzing the breakthroughs that brought Martí to the Latin American cultural field by motivating him not only to redraw the civilization barbarism lines but also to redefine the connections between literature, history and politics. As I attempt to demonstrate, Martí deployed the newspaper chronic as a weapon to introduce a new discourse that sought to highlight the existence of an alternative modernity, whereby subaltern and forgotten groups could become social actors and protagonists of Latin American history.

  19. Nitrogen phytoremediation by water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fox, L.J.; Struik, P.C.; Appleton, B.L.; Rule, J.H.

    2008-01-01

    The phytoremediation potential of water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms, was examined in two independent studies under nitrogen (N) rates of 0, 40, 80, 100, 150, 200, and 300 ppm. A modified Hoagland solution was added to ponds containing water hyacinths which were rated and measured we

  20. Nitrogen phytoremediation by water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fox, L.J.; Struik, P.C.; Appleton, B.L.; Rule, J.H.

    2008-01-01

    The phytoremediation potential of water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms, was examined in two independent studies under nitrogen (N) rates of 0, 40, 80, 100, 150, 200, and 300 ppm. A modified Hoagland solution was added to ponds containing water hyacinths which were rated and measured

  1. Mart Laar : teatavad erimeelsused on parteis olnud juba mõnda aega / Mart Laar ; interv. Kerttu Rannamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    Küsimused puudutavad Mart Laari ilmajäämist välisministri kohast, erimeelsusi IRL-is, Riigikogu spiikri ja ministrikohtade jagamist, ministrikandidaate Jaak Aaviksood ja Jüri Pihli, koalitsioonilepingut ja Keskerakonna arvamust selle kohta, Milton Friedmani auhinnaraha. M. Laar peab õigeks, et riigikogu võimu ja autoriteeti tuleb tugevdada ning edendada parlamentaarset mõtteviisi

  2. Mart Laar : teatavad erimeelsused on parteis olnud juba mõnda aega / Mart Laar ; interv. Kerttu Rannamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    Küsimused puudutavad Mart Laari ilmajäämist välisministri kohast, erimeelsusi IRL-is, Riigikogu spiikri ja ministrikohtade jagamist, ministrikandidaate Jaak Aaviksood ja Jüri Pihli, koalitsioonilepingut ja Keskerakonna arvamust selle kohta, Milton Friedmani auhinnaraha. M. Laar peab õigeks, et riigikogu võimu ja autoriteeti tuleb tugevdada ning edendada parlamentaarset mõtteviisi

  3. Development of U-Mart System with Plural Brands and Plural Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akimoto, Yoshihito; Mori, Naoki; Ono, Isao; Nakajima, Yoshihiro; Kita, Hajime; Matsumoto, Keinosuke

    In this paper, we first discuss the notion that artificial market systems should meet the requirements of fidelity, transparency, reproducibility, and traceability. Next, we introduce history of development of the artificial market system named U-Mart system that meet the requirements well, which have been developed by the U-Mart project. We have already developed the U-Mart system called “U-Mart system version 3.0” to solve problems of old U-Mart systems. In version 3.0 system, trading process is modularized and universal market system can be easily introduced.However, U-Mart system version 3.0 only simulates the single brand futures market. The simulation of the plural brands and plural markets has been required by lot of users. In this paper, we proposed a novel U-Mart system called “U-Mart system version 4.0” to solve this problem of U-Mart system version 3.0. We improve the server system, machine agents and GUI in order to simulate plural brands and plural markets in U-Mart system version 4.0. The effectiveness of the proposed system is confirmed by statistical analysis of results of spot market simulation with random agents.

  4. Micropropagação de Croton antisyphiliticus Mart. Micropropagation of Croton antisyphiliticus Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taíce Gonçalves de Oliveira

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Croton antisyphiliticus Mart. ex M. Arg., conhecido popularmente como pé-de-perdiz, é uma planta medicinal nativa do Cerrado, cuja raiz é utilizada na forma de decoctos para combater infecções do aparelho reprodutor masculino e feminino. A coleta da planta é realizada de forma extrativista e não há trabalhos a respeito da sua conservação. O objeto do trabalho foi estabelecer um protocolo de micropropagação de Croton antisyphiliticus. Foram avaliados o efeito de diferentes concentrações das citocininas, o tamanho do recipiente para o cultivo in vitro, o co-cultivo e a posição da gema em relação ao desenvolvimento dos explantes, bem como a influência do AIB no enraizamento in vitro e a aclimatização dos explantes. O melhor desenvolvimento in vitro foi obtido com explantes do tipo gema apical, co-cultivadas em meio MS suplementado com BAP (1µM, em frasco tipo pote. O enraizamento foi obtido em meio MS sem regulador vegetal e a aclimatização pode ser realizada em solo do cerrado com brotações sem a presença de raízes desenvolvidas in vitro.Croton antisyphiliticus Mart. ex M. Arg., popularly known as "pé-de-perdiz", is a native medicinal plant of Cerrado, whose root is used in the form of decoctions against infections of the male and female reproductive. The collection of the plant is carried through of extractives form and there are no studies regarding its conservation. The aim of this study was to establish a micropropagation protocol of C. antisyphiliticus. The effect of different concentrations of cytokinins, the size of the container for the in vitro culture, co-cultivation and bud position in relation to the development of the explants, as well as the influence of AIB on in vitro rooting and acclimatization of explants were evaluated. The best development in vitro was obtained with apical explants co-cultivated on MS medium supplemented with BAP (1µM in bottle type pot. Rooting was achieved on MS medium without

  5. Design and implementation of fishery rescue data mart system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Jun; Huang, Haiguang; Liu, Yousong

    A novel data mart based system for fishery rescue field was designed and implemented. The system runs ETL process to deal with original data from various databases and data warehouses, and then reorganized the data into the fishery rescue data mart. Next, online analytical processing (OLAP) are carried out and statistical reports are generated automatically. Particularly, quick configuration schemes are designed to configure query dimensions and OLAP data sets. The configuration file will be transformed into statistic interfaces automatically through a wizard-style process. The system provides various forms of reporting files, including crystal reports, flash graphical reports, and two-dimensional data grids. In addition, a wizard style interface was designed to guide users customizing inquiry processes, making it possible for nontechnical staffs to access customized reports. Characterized by quick configuration, safeness and flexibility, the system has been successfully applied in city fishery rescue department.

  6. José Martí y la ciencia

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Nuestro José Martí, ejemplo de una formación humanística integral, escribió en una carta a María Mantilla:”Donde yo encuentro poesía mayor es en los libros de ciencia…” Martí vio la ciencia como un fenómeno social y consideró que el desarrollo científico técnico debía estar en función de la satisfacción de las necesidades de las grandes mayorías. Su sistemática voluntad  de cultivarse, de tratar de entender al mundo y no sólo de vivirlo, de razonarlo, fue el motor principal que llevaría a Ma...

  7. The Evolving Food Chain: Competitive Effects of Wal-Mart's Entry Into The Supermarket Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Noel, Michael; Basker, Emek

    2007-01-01

    We analyze the effect of Wal-Mart's entry into the grocery market using a unique stor-level price panel data set. We use OLS and two IV specifications to estimate the effect of Wal-Mart's entry on competitors' prices of 24 grocery items across several categories. Wal-Mart's price advantage over competitors for these products averages approximately 10%. On average, competitors' response to Wal-Mart's entry is a price reduction of 1-1.2%, mostly due to smaller-scale competitors: the response...

  8. Mart Jaanson. Nikaia-Konstantinoopoli usutunnistuse ladinakeelse normteksti grammatiline, teoloogiline ja muusikaline liigendamine / Toomas Siitan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siitan, Toomas, 1958-

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Jaanson, Mart. Nikaia-Konstantinoopoli usutunnistuse ladinakeelse normteksti grammatiline, teoloogiline ja muusikaline liigendamine. Tartu : University of Tartu Press, 2014 (Dissertationes theologiae universitatis Tartuensis ; 30)

  9. Maytensifolone, a new triterpene from Maytenus distichophylla Mart. ex Reissek

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duarte, Marcelo Cavalcante; Tavares, Josean Fechine; Madeiro, Sara Alves L.; Costa, Vicente Carlos O.; Barbosa Filho, Jose Maria; Silva, Marcelo Sobral da, E-mail: marcelosobral.ufpb@gmail.com [Universidade Federal da Paraiba (UFPB), Joao Pessoa, PB (Brazil). Departamento de Ciencias Farmaceuticas; Agra, Maria de Fatima [Universidade Federal da Paraiba (UFPB), Joao Pessoa, PB (Brazil). Centro de Biotecnologia. Departamento de Biotecnologia; Braz Filho, Raimundo [Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ (Brazil). Lab. de Ciencias Quimicas

    2013-10-15

    Phytochemical study of the leaves of Maytenus distichophylla Mart. ex Reissek led to the isolation of the new triterpene 3,16,21-trioxo-6{beta},12{alpha}-dihydroxy-1-en-friedelane, named maytensifolone, along with the known triterpenes 3-oxofriedelane, 3,12-dioxofriedelane, 3{beta}-hydroxyfriedelane, 3-oxo-29-hydroxyfriedelane, 3-oxo-12{alpha}-hydroxyfriedelane and 3-oxo- 30-hydroxyfriedelane. Their structural identification was based on spectroscopic methods and comparison with literature data. (author)

  10. Attalea blepharopus Mart. (Arecaceae) from Bolivia revisited since Martius

    OpenAIRE

    MORAES, R. M.; Pintaud, Jean-Christophe

    2016-01-01

    Populations in Bolivia of an Attalea Kunth species (Arecaceae) with regularly spaced pinnae were historically assigned to Attalea butyracea (Mutis) Wess. Boer, which also occurs in Colombia, western Venezuela and northern Ecuador. During a recent fieldtrip to the Chapare province in Cochabamba department (central Bolivia), we visited the Yuracare people's territory that Alcide d'Orbigny mentioned as harboring a large and distinct palm, Attalea blepharopus Mart. Based on its morphology, we rec...

  11. Molecular identification of Trichinella britovi in martens (Martes martes) and badgers (Meles meles); new host records in Poland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moskwa, Bożena; Goździk, Katarzyna; Bień, Justyna; Bogdaszewski, Marek; Cabaj, Władysław

    2012-12-01

    Trichinella larvae were detected in a marten (Martes martes) and a badger (Meles meles) in Poland. The animals were found dead following car accidents. All examined animals derived from the Mazurian Lake district, north-east Poland, near the village Kosewo Górne where Trichinella infection were earlier confirmed in wildlife; red foxes and wild boars. The muscle samples were examined by artificial pepsin-HCl digestion method. The parasites were identified as Trichinella britovi by multiplex polymerase chain reaction method. Larvae were found in two out of three martens and one out of seven examined badgers. This is the first report of the identification of Trichinella britovi larvae from martens and badgers in Poland.

  12. Trichinella britovi biomass in naturally infected pine martens (Martes martes) of Latvia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirjušina, Muza; Bakasejevs, Eduards; Pezzotti, Patrizio; Pozio, Edoardo

    2016-11-15

    Parasites of the genus Trichinella are cosmopolitan nematodes infecting primarily wild animals, which represent the main reservoirs of these zoonotic pathogens. To investigate the transmission patterns of Trichinella spp. from wild to domestic animals and to humans and for the risk assessment of these parasites in a geographical area, it is important to know the number of possible transmission events deriving from carcasses of infected hosts. For this purpose, the evaluation of the larval biomass in reservoir hosts is needed. No data is available on how to estimate the biomass of Trichinella spp. larvae in muscles of naturally infected animals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the larval biomass in naturally infected pine martens (Martes martes) of Latvia, in which the prevalence of Trichinella britovi infection was over 50%. Single muscles or group of muscles (abdomen, back, diaphragm, intercostal muscles, muscles from the head, left and right shoulders, lower and upper parts of the forelimbs and hind limbs, neck, rump with tail, and base and tip of the tongue) were collected from five skinned and eviscerated carcasses of T. britovi infected pine martens. Muscles were entirely removed from the bones and weighted. Each muscle or group of muscles was separately digested to detect the larvae per gram (LPG). Using linear regression, the larval burden in each muscle or group of muscles was evaluated to measure the possible prediction of the total animal larval burden (both as total number of larvae and as average LPG). All muscles were significantly predictive of the total burden with high "goodness of fit" (all adjusted R2>0.80; P≤0.01), and the left shoulder provided the highest adjusted R2 (0.999). Then, to estimate the Trichinella britovi biomass in the pine marten population of Latvia, recent literature data on prevalence (56.2%, 95% CI: 47.8-64.3) and geometric mean LPG (1.26, 95% CI: 0.89-1.79) in the limb muscles of a sample representative of the whole

  13. Review of Nuria del Campo Martínez: Illocutionary Constructions in English: Cognitive Motivation and Linguistic Realization (2013)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kim Ebensgaard

    2014-01-01

    A review of Nuria del Campo Martínez: Illocutionary Constructions in English: Cognitive Motivation and Linguistic Realization (2013)......A review of Nuria del Campo Martínez: Illocutionary Constructions in English: Cognitive Motivation and Linguistic Realization (2013)...

  14. Mart Kangro: uhkete dekoratsioonide taga peab olema elus hetk / intervjueerinud Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kangro, Mart, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu koreograafi, lavastaja ja tantsija Mart Kangroga, kes kindlustab end pigem vaimses plaanis, kui loob endale müüre ümber. Ta leiab, et oluline on olla mobiilne, olla kulgemises, olla teel. Kanuti Gildi saalis etendub 24., 26. ja 27. septembril Mart Kangro tantsulavastus "Talk to Me"

  15. The use of radio telemetry in Martes research: techniques and technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig M. Thompson; Rebecca A. Green; Joel Sauder; Kathryn L. Purcell; Richard Sweitzer; Jon. Armeno

    2012-01-01

    Radiotelemetry was fi rst used on a Martes species in 1972, when 5 American martens ( Martes americana ) captured incidentally during a snowshoe hare ( Lepus americanus ) research project in Minnesota were radio-collared. Since then, at least 128 research projects have used radiotelemetry to investigate...

  16. Mart Laar - visionäärina kuulsam välismaal / Kertu Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Kertu, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Maailmas on kümneid riike, kes imetlevad meie endise peaministri Mart Laari reforme Eestis. Kommenteerivad Margaret Thatcher, Alfredo Arias-King ja Tiit Vähi. Vt. samas: Väljavõtteid Mart Laari kohta ajakirjandusest; Laia haardega tegutseja: Liikmelisus

  17. Estonian Airi juhatuses asub tööle Mart Relve / Sirje Niitra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niitra, Sirje, 1948-

    2005-01-01

    Alates 15. juunist asub Estonian Airi juhatuse liikme ja kommertsala asepresidendi ametisse senine R-Kiosk Eesti AS-i juhatuse liige ning tegevdirektor Mart Relve. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud Mart Relvega: Töö Estonian Airis ei tule kerge

  18. Estonian Airi juhatuses asub tööle Mart Relve / Sirje Niitra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niitra, Sirje, 1948-

    2005-01-01

    Alates 15. juunist asub Estonian Airi juhatuse liikme ja kommertsala asepresidendi ametisse senine R-Kiosk Eesti AS-i juhatuse liige ning tegevdirektor Mart Relve. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud Mart Relvega: Töö Estonian Airis ei tule kerge

  19. Sustaining Higher Education Using Wal-Mart's Best Supply Chain Management Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comm, Clare L.; Mathaisel, Dennis F. X.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The costs in higher education are increasing and need to be controlled. This paper aims to demonstrate what lessons higher education could learn from Wal-Mart's reasons for its financial success with its focus on efficient and effective supply chain management (SCM) best practices. Design/methodology/approach: Wal-Mart's best practices in…

  20. Mart Laar - visionäärina kuulsam välismaal / Kertu Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Kertu, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Maailmas on kümneid riike, kes imetlevad meie endise peaministri Mart Laari reforme Eestis. Kommenteerivad Margaret Thatcher, Alfredo Arias-King ja Tiit Vähi. Vt. samas: Väljavõtteid Mart Laari kohta ajakirjandusest; Laia haardega tegutseja: Liikmelisus

  1. Mart Kangro: uhkete dekoratsioonide taga peab olema elus hetk / intervjueerinud Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kangro, Mart, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu koreograafi, lavastaja ja tantsija Mart Kangroga, kes kindlustab end pigem vaimses plaanis, kui loob endale müüre ümber. Ta leiab, et oluline on olla mobiilne, olla kulgemises, olla teel. Kanuti Gildi saalis etendub 24., 26. ja 27. septembril Mart Kangro tantsulavastus "Talk to Me"

  2. Sustaining Higher Education Using Wal-Mart's Best Supply Chain Management Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comm, Clare L.; Mathaisel, Dennis F. X.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The costs in higher education are increasing and need to be controlled. This paper aims to demonstrate what lessons higher education could learn from Wal-Mart's reasons for its financial success with its focus on efficient and effective supply chain management (SCM) best practices. Design/methodology/approach: Wal-Mart's best practices in…

  3. Literatura y realidad histórica. Un reencuentro con Ezequiel Martínez Estrada y su interpretación del Martín Fierro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amán Rosales Rodríguez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to critically review some of the main theoretical tenets in Ezequiel Martínez Estrada’s pessimistic stance about the Argentinean history and society of his time. Focusing on his critical remarks about the so-called «literatura o poesía gauchesca» as well as on his enthusiastic assessment of José Hernández’ Martín Fierro, the achievements and missing points in Martínez Estrada’s skeptical diagnosis will be underlined and put in broader philosophical context. For the Argentinean writer the controversial notion of a “superimposed reality” – as he infers its existence from the Martín Fierro – captures a kind of ambivalent metaphysical concurrence among the literary creation, the geographical setting and the sociopolitical state of the country.

  4. Nongastrointestinal helminths in marten (Martes americana) from Ontario, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seville, R S; Addison, E M

    1995-10-01

    Six species of nongastrointestinal nematodes were recovered from 405 marten, (Martes americana), examined from six areas in Ontario, Canada in 1992 to 1993. Three species (Crenosoma petrowi, Eucoleus aerophilus, Filaroides martis) were found in the respiratory tract, one in the urinary bladder (Pearsonema plica), one in the kidney (Dioctophyme renale), and one in the musculature (Trichinella sp. larvae). This is the first report of F. martis and P. plica from this host. In addition a specimen of Dracunculus insignis collected from a marten pelt was received. Based on our results, martens are primary definitive hosts for few nongastrointestinal nematodes. Animals in more southern areas had greater species richness than those from higher latitudes.

  5. Ecology of the Mexican Abies durangensis Martínez

    OpenAIRE

    C.Z., QuiñonesPérez; R., SilvaFlores; C., Wehenkel

    2014-01-01

    The genus Abies has about 40 species, which are mainly distributed in boreal or subalpine areas. In Mexico as a diversity center for this genus, all eight species of Abies are protected. Six of them are endemic and mainly distributed in the Sierra Madre Occidental and Oriental. The often isolated relict Abies durangensis Martínez, also known as Durango Fir, is located in the states of Durango, Chihuahua, Sinaloa, and Jalisco and usually grows on slopes with well-drained and shallow lithosols,...

  6. Actividad antioxidante de flores de Vochysia discolor Mart

    OpenAIRE

    NAJEH M. KHALIL; Petacci, Fernando; Leite, Rafaela R. S.; Silva, Ediany; Souza, Grínia F. de; Oliveira, Rina E. L. de; Costa, Flaviana; Rocha, Vinicius A.; Mendonça Filho,Carlos V

    2006-01-01

    En este estudio fue evaluada la propiedad antioxidante del extracto alcohólico de flores de Vochysia discolor Mart. (Vochysiaceae) por los ensayos de i) decoloración del radical monocatiónico [2,2'-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)] (ABTS+) y ii) supresión del ácido hipocloroso por el método del ácido 5-tio-2-nitro-benzóico (TNB). Nuestros resultados muestran, por primera vez, la existencia de propiedades antioxidantes en una especie del género Vochysia, hecho que, debido ...

  7. Reviviendo a Martí en las aulas costarricenses

    OpenAIRE

    Segura Cano, Diego; Cajina Vázquez, Olga; Villalobos Trigueros, Irina

    2011-01-01

    La presente ponencia constituye un esfuerzo por sintetizar el trabajo de investigación-acción titulado Ética ciudadana para niños y niñas de primaria a partir de La Edad de Oro de José Martí: Material Educativo, el cual se enmarca como Trabajo Final de Graduación (TFG) de la Maestría en Estudios Latinoamericanos de la Universidad Nacional (IDELA-UNA). Éste proyecto busca la producción de un material educativo multimedia dirigido a la educación primaria que tenga como referente la angula...

  8. Simm, Teinonen lose honors / Jana Belugina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Belugina, Jana

    2009-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilves otsustas võtta ära Valgetähe IV klassi teenetemärgi Herman Simmilt, kelle suhtes on jõustunud süüdimõistev kohtuotsus riigireetmises. Samuti otsustas riigipea võtta ära Maarjamaa Risti V klassi teenetemärgi Risto Teinonenilt, kes kandis Eesti Vabariigi teenetemärki koos Eestit okupeerinud riigi sümboolikaga

  9. Caridad Martínez: Una mujer de su tiempo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiomara Romero Rojas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo de Caridad Martínez ha estado íntimamenteligado a la dirección de radionovelas género donde seha distinguido por la profesionalidad que la caracteriza.También es una excepcional maestra e investigadora consagrada,lo que le ha permitido descubrir el secreto profundode la vida humana, sus conflictos, sus vicios, susgrandezas, y ese espíritu de pasión, y amor que muevena los hombres, y sacuden lo más profundo de su esencia,lo cual refleja en sus escritos con admirable delicadeza.El secreto de Caridad Martínez está en esa entregatotal e incondicional a todo lo que hace, en ella la necesidadde hacer sus realizaciones todo lo mejor posible esparte esencial de su formación y de su vida. El medio, loscompañeros, y el sentir la imperiosa necesidad de ser mejores lo que la guía a transformar la fealdad en belleza , lamaldad en amor, el interés mezquino en bondad, lo cualha recreado en cada una de las novelas que ha dirigidoy plasmado en sus enseñanzas y en la educación de sushijos en donde cristaliza la brillantez de obra.

  10. Los testimonios de Marte en la Meseta Meridional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julián Hurtado Aguña

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Marte, fue una de las más importantes divinidades romanas presentes en Híspanla. Dentro de la Meseta meridional sus testimonios aparecen en algunas localidades de la provincia de Madrid, como Alcalá de Henares, Talamanca del Jarama o Collado Villalba, estando ausentes en otras partes de esta región. Especialmente importante es la presencia de inscripciones dedicadas a Marte en la ciudad romana de Complutum (Alcalá de Henares, donde sus dedicantes pudieran pertenecer en algún caso al grupo social de los libertos.One oí the most important román divinities in Híspanla was Mars. His testimonies in the Meridional Plateau are in some villages of Madrid's province, as Alcalá de Henares, Talamanca del Jarama or Collado Villalba, and they are not in other places of this reglan. Specially important is ttie presence of inscriptions to Mars in ttie román town of Complutum (Alcalá de Henares, wtiere his devotes could belong to the social freedmans group.

  11. Retrieving HapMap Data Using HapMart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Albert Vernon

    2008-07-01

    INTRODUCTIONThe primary goal of the International Haplotype Map Project has been to develop a haplotype map of the human genome that describes the common patterns of genetic variation, in order to accelerate the search for the genetic causes of human disease. Within the project, ~3.9 million distinct single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been genotyped in 270 individuals from four worldwide populations. The project data are available for unrestricted public use at the HapMap Web site. This site, which is the primary portal to genotype data produced by the project, offers bulk downloads of the data set, as well as interactive data browsing and analysis tools that are not available elsewhere. Because of performance considerations, interactive access to HapMap data via the genome browser on the HapMap Web site is limited to regions no more than 5 Mb wide. Researchers who wish to obtain data for chromosome- or genome-wide data have two choices: Bulk download or HapMart access. HapMart, described in this protocol, allows researchers to select SNPs using diverse criteria and to display just those aspects of the data set that they are interested in.

  12. José Martí y la ciencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Suárez Lezcano

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Nuestro José Martí, ejemplo de una formación humanística integral, escribió en una carta a María Mantilla:”Donde yo encuentro poesía mayor es en los libros de ciencia…” Martí vio la ciencia como un fenómeno social y consideró que el desarrollo científico técnico debía estar en función de la satisfacción de las necesidades de las grandes mayorías. Su sistemática voluntad  de cultivarse, de tratar de entender al mundo y no sólo de vivirlo, de razonarlo, fue el motor principal que llevaría a Martí a hacerse de una cultura científica y técnica poco común entre los hombres de su época. También el hecho de vivir durante muchos años en los Estados Unidos le permitió analizar con  profundidad y realismo la sociedad de la época, y por tanto llegó a tener una visión muy avanzada de la relación hombre – naturaleza - sociedad, llegando a convertirse en un gran divulgador de los avances de la ciencia y la técnica de aquella época. La originalidad del periodismo de nuevo tipo que inicia José Martí como vehículo para la divulgación científico - técnica encuentra una de sus más altas expresiones en la revista “La América”. Esta publicación había comenzado en abril de 1882, en Nueva York, bajo la dirección de Rafael de Castro Palomino, quien solicita la colaboración del poeta. A partir del mes de marzo de 1883, el Maestro redacta “La América” en su totalidad, desde los titulares hasta los artículos ensayísticos. Martí caracteriza “La América” como “periódico útil”, pues se dedicó a divulgar los adelantos de la industria, comercio y agricultura de los productores de la América del Norte, y en el avisador prudente de los compradores de la América del Sur. Este carácter de la publicación permite a José Martí tratar desde las páginas de “La América” los recientes descubrimientos científicos, la reseña detallada de las exposiciones que exhibían los últimos logros de la t

  13. Morphological characterization of Kielmeyera coriacea Mart. cork from brazilian cerrado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Polliana D`Angelo Rios

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Kielmeyera coriacea Mart., known as “pau-santo”, is mentioned in the literature as the main tree species which produces cork of the Brazilian Cerrado. The purpose of this study was to describe the morphological aspect of Kielmeyera coriacea (“pau-santo” cork cells through its microscopic structure and to compare it with the cellular morphology of Quercus suber (cork oak, which is the main cork producing species worldwide. The bark from three trees of the species Kielmeyera coriacea Mart. was collected randomly at points 1.30 m above the ground, with four repetitions per sample. Samples came from native stands situated in the region of Luminárias - MG, Brazil. The study of morphological characteristics was conducted by counting the number of sides of the cells, and measuring the dimensions of the cells from images obtained by scanning electron microscopy (SEM. Images were analyzed using the LEOUIF software. The distribution in faces and edges of cork cells from Kielmeyera coriacea, was observed to have from 4 to 8 sides, with a predominance of hexagonal cells, similar to Quercus suber. The averages of height and thickness of the cell walls were 40 to 70 µm and 1.5 to 2.0 µm respectively, indicating cells from an early growth season. Both height and thickness were observed to be greater than those present in Quercus suber

  14. The Vitamin D Analog, MART-10, Attenuates Triple Negative Breast Cancer Cells Metastatic Potential

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kun-Chun Chiang

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Regarding breast cancer treatment, triple negative breast cancer (TNBC is a difficult issue. Most TNBC patients die of cancer metastasis. Thus, to develop a new regimen to attenuate TNBC metastatic potential is urgently needed. MART-10 (19-nor-2α-(3-hydroxypropyl-1α,25(OH2D3, the newly-synthesized 1α,25(OH2D3 analog, has been shown to be much more potent in cancer growth inhibition than 1α,25(OH2D3 and be active in vivo without inducing obvious side effect. In this study, we demonstrated that both 1α,25(OH2D3 and MART-10 could effectively repress TNBC cells migration and invasion with MART-10 more effective. MART-10 and 1α,25(OH2D3 induced cadherin switching (upregulation of E-cadherin and downregulation of N-cadherin and downregulated P-cadherin expression in MDA-MB-231 cells. The EMT(epithelial mesenchymal transition process in MDA-MB-231 cells was repressed by MART-10 through inhibiting Zeb1, Zeb2, Slug, and Twist expression. LCN2, one kind of breast cancer metastasis stimulator, was also found for the first time to be repressed by 1α,25(OH2D3 and MART-10 in breast cancer cells. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9 activity was also downregulated by MART-10. Furthermore, F-actin synthesis in MDA-MB-231 cells was attenuated as exposure to 1α,25(OH2D3 and MART-10. Based on our result, we conclude that MART-10 could effectively inhibit TNBC cells metastatic potential and deserves further investigation as a new regimen to treat TNBC.

  15. Estimating Wal-Mart's Impacts in Maryland: A Test of Identification Strategies and Endogeneity Tests

    OpenAIRE

    Michael J. Hicks

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, I estimate the impact of Wal-Mart on labor markets in Maryland. My goal is to compare estimation techniques that incorporate corrections for endogeneity of Wal-Mart's entrance and those that test for and fail to reject exogeneity in Wal-Mart's entrance decision. The instrumental variable approaches I test include those offered by Basker and Neumark et al., and a new test introduced in this paper. I also explain why differences in choice of sample time and location may lead to d...

  16. Kunstjäsemetega inimsööjad / Mart Kalvet, Alvo Aabloo, Kristjan Port

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalvet, Mart, 1975-

    2011-01-01

    Inimene, meditsiin ja biotehnoloogia aastal 2031. Ennustavad tõlkija Mart Kalvet, Tartu Ülikooli arukate materjalide ja süsteemide labori professor Alvo Aabloo ja Tallinna Ülikooli Terviseteaduste ja Spordi Instituudi direktor Kristjan Port

  17. Konteki edu saladus peitub efektiivsete lahenduste kiires rakendamises / Mart Urbas ; intervjueerinud Signe Kalberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Urbas, Mart

    2009-01-01

    Firma juhataja asetäitja Mart Urbas 1991. aastal asutatud betoonifirmast AS Kontek Int, tehtud töödest (Tigutorn Tartus, Tornimäe 3 hotelli betoonkonstruktsioonid Tallinnas jt.), järelpingestatud betoonkonstruktsioonidest

  18. Enterprise Human Resources Integration-Statistical Data Mart (EHRI-SDM) Dynamics Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — The Enterprise Human Resources Integration-Statistical Data Mart (EHRI-SDM) is a statistically cleansed sub-set of the data contained in the EHRI data warehouse. It...

  19. Znat russkii jazõk polezno / Mart Laar ; interv. Viktor Sokolov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2000-01-01

    Peaminister Mart Laari intervjuu ajalehele "Nezavissimaja Gazeta" ئ vene keele kasutamisest Eestis, Eesti-Vene suhetest, liitumisest NATO-ga. Art. refereerib T. Kallas, PM Jan/7 lk. 11. Allikas: Nezavissimaja gazeta

  20. Rol mezhdu proshlõm i budushtshim / Mart Laar ; interv. Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Parlamendisaadik ning ekspeaminister Mart Laarile meeldib kõige enam tema roll ajaloolasena, otsusest esitada oma kandidatuur peaministri kohale kevadistel parlamendivalimistel, 1940. a. sündmuste mõju Eesti arengule, venelased Eestis

  1. Mart Laar ja Siim Kallas sõlmisid salakokkuleppe? / Tõnis Erilaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erilaid, Tõnis, 1943-

    2001-01-01

    Koalitsioonipoliitiku sõnul nõuab Mart Laar Jüri Mõisa vabastamise ja linnapeakoha Reformierakonnale andmise eest Siim Kallaselt toetust presidendikandidaat Peeter Tulvistele. Kommentaar Isamaaliidu peasekretärilt Andres Ammaselt

  2. Wal-Mart tahab jõuda igasse Euroopa riiki / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Maailma suurim jaekaubanduskett Wal-Mart kavatseb laiendada oma tegevust Euroopas nii turul olevate kauplustekettide ülevõtmise kui investeeringutega uute kaupluste ehitamiseks. Vt. samas: Andres Kärssin. Euroopa kaubandus prantslaste ja sakslaste käes

  3. Mart ja Mari-Ann Susi taotlevad omanikena Concordia pankrotti / Andri Maimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimets, Andri, 1979-

    2003-01-01

    Concordia Ülikooli rektor Mart Susi esitas kohtule avalduse, milles taotleb ülikooli pidanud Concordia Varahalduse OÜ pankroti väljakuulutamist. Vt. samas: Mari-Ann Susi õigustas ülikooli raha kasutamist

  4. Rol mezhdu proshlõm i budushtshim / Mart Laar ; interv. Josef Kats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Parlamendisaadik ning ekspeaminister Mart Laarile meeldib kõige enam tema roll ajaloolasena, otsusest esitada oma kandidatuur peaministri kohale kevadistel parlamendivalimistel, 1940. a. sündmuste mõju Eesti arengule, venelased Eestis

  5. Kunstjäsemetega inimsööjad / Mart Kalvet, Alvo Aabloo, Kristjan Port

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalvet, Mart, 1975-

    2011-01-01

    Inimene, meditsiin ja biotehnoloogia aastal 2031. Ennustavad tõlkija Mart Kalvet, Tartu Ülikooli arukate materjalide ja süsteemide labori professor Alvo Aabloo ja Tallinna Ülikooli Terviseteaduste ja Spordi Instituudi direktor Kristjan Port

  6. Znat russkii jazõk polezno / Mart Laar ; interv. Viktor Sokolov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2000-01-01

    Peaminister Mart Laari intervjuu ajalehele "Nezavissimaja Gazeta" ئ vene keele kasutamisest Eestis, Eesti-Vene suhetest, liitumisest NATO-ga. Art. refereerib T. Kallas, PM Jan/7 lk. 11. Allikas: Nezavissimaja gazeta

  7. Enterprise Human Resources Integration-Statistical Data Mart (EHRI-SDM) Status Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — The Enterprise Human Resources Integration-Statistical Data Mart (EHRI-SDM) is a statistically cleansed sub-set of the data contained in the EHRI data warehouse. It...

  8. Programming Massively Parallel Architectures using MARTE: a Case Study

    CERN Document Server

    Rodrigues, Wendell; Dekeyser, Jean-Luc

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays, several industrial applications are being ported to parallel architectures. These applications take advantage of the potential parallelism provided by multiple core processors. Many-core processors, especially the GPUs(Graphics Processing Unit), have led the race of floating-point performance since 2003. While the performance improvement of general- purpose microprocessors has slowed significantly, the GPUs have continued to improve relentlessly. As of 2009, the ratio between many-core GPUs and multicore CPUs for peak floating-point calculation throughput is about 10 times. However, as parallel programming requires a non-trivial distribution of tasks and data, developers find it hard to implement their applications effectively. Aiming to improve the use of many-core processors, this work presents an case-study using UML and MARTE profile to specify and generate OpenCL code for intensive signal processing applications. Benchmark results show us the viability of the use of MDE approaches to generate G...

  9. eSciMart: Web Platform for Scientific Software Marketplace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kryukov, A. P.; Demichev, A. P.

    2016-10-01

    In this paper we suggest a design of a web marketplace where users of scientific application software and databases, presented in the form of web services, as well as their providers will have presence simultaneously. The model, which will be the basis for the web marketplace is close to the customer-to-customer (C2C) model, which has been successfully used, for example, on the auction sites such as eBay (ebay.com). Unlike the classical model of C2C the suggested marketplace focuses on application software in the form of web services, and standardization of API through which application software will be integrated into the web marketplace. A prototype of such a platform, entitled eSciMart, is currently being developed at SINP MSU.

  10. Propagação vegetativa de Hyptis leucocephala Mart. ex Benth. e Hyptis platanifolia Mart. ex Benth. (Lamiaceae Vegetative propagation of Hyptis leucocephala Mart. ex Benth. and Hyptis platanifolia Mart. ex Benth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.M Oliveira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O gênero Hyptis (Lamiaceae apresenta metabolismo especial de notável variabilidade, possuindo predominância de óleos essenciais, que têm muito valor junto a diversas comunidades que utilizam essas plantas pelas propriedades terapêuticas. Diversos estudos com esse gênero têm demonstrado que os óleos essenciais apresentam propriedades antimicrobiana, antifúngica, citotóxica, antiinflamatória, anti-HIV e inseticida, entretanto, poucos são os estudos voltados para a exploração sustentável dessas espécies. O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar o efeito de diferentes tipos de estaca e diferentes concentrações de ácido indolbutírico (AIB sobre a taxa de sobrevivência, crescimento e enraizamento de estacas de Hyptis leucocephala Mart. ex Benth. e Hyptis platanifolia Mart. ex Benth., espécies endêmicas do semi-árido nordestino cujo valor medicinal tem sido amplamente comprovado. O experimento teve duração de quatro meses. Foram utilizadas estacas apicais, médio-apicais, médio-basais e basais tratadas com soluções de 0, 1000, 2000 e 4000 mg L-1 de ácido indolbutírico (AIB, durante 5 minutos. A utilização de estacas apicais, médio/apicais e médio/basais induzidas com 2000 e 4000 mg L-1 de AIB possibilitaram melhores resultados para propagação vegetativa de Hyptis leucocephala. Para Hyptis platanifolia os melhores resultados foram obtidos com a utilização de estacas médio/basais e basais tratadas com AIB na concentração de 2000 e 4000 mg L-1.The genus Hyptis (Lamiaceae has a special metabolism with remarkable variability and predominance of essential oils of great value to the various communities that use these plants due to their therapeutic properties. A number of studies on this genus have demonstrated that its essential oils present antimicrobial, antifungal, cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, anti-HIV and insecticidal activities. However, few studies have focused on the sustainable exploitation of these species

  11. José Martí: infancia y duelo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Josiowicz

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo estuda a figura do luto pela morte da criança, presente na cultura da modernidade do fim do século XIX, na literatura de José Martí e, especificamente, em suas leituras de Ralph Waldo Emerson. O trabalho investiga a figura da criança morta em dois sentidos principais: como uma ferida narcisística na subjetividade do escritor e como uma interrupção da teleologia linear da história. Nesses autores, também investiga a emergência de um horizonte de representações sobre a infância com importantes implicações biopolíticas, estéticas e filosóficas.

  12. Entrevista al Martín D. Farrell

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farrell, Martín D.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Entrevista al Martín D. Farrell, abogado y Doctor en Derecho, ambos por la Universidad de Buenos Aires. Profesor Emérito de la Universidad de Buenos Aires y Profesor y Director de Investigaciones y Doctorado de la Universidad de Palermo. Investigador Permanente del Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas y Sociales Ambrosio L. Gioja. Ex Juez de la Cámara Nacional de Apelaciones en lo Civil y Comercial Federal. Fue Vicepresidente de la Sociedad Iberoamericana de Estudios Utilitaristas. Es miembro y fue tesorero y secretario de la Sociedad Argentina de Análisis Filosófico. En 1996 obtuvo el premio Konex de Platino en Ética.

  13. The Development Strategy of Wal-mart in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佳南

    2016-01-01

    In this study,I will discuss how a country's political,legal,technological,and economic environment pose an opportunity or a threat to MNC's seeking to do business there.MNC is called Multinational Corporation for short,refers to an enterprise operating in several countries but managed from one home country.Generally,any company or group that drives a quarter of its revenue from operations outside of its home country is considered a multinational corporation.When the company expands its business into the international market,the company will has to face opportunities and threats.These opportunities and threats are mainly caused by other countries'political,economic environment,legal and technological.In this paper,I will analyze opportunities and threats which MNC will faced based on PEST analysis.PEST analysis stands for"Political,Economic,Society,and Technological analysis"and describes a framework of macro-envi-ronmental factors used in the environmental scanning component of strategic management.It is a part of the external analysis when conducting a strategic analysis or doing market,and gives an overview of the different macro environmental factors that the company has to take into consideration.It is a useful strategic tool for understanding market growth or decline,business position,potential and direction for operations.In order to be able to more detailed study the selected topic,I will choose one MNC,Wal-Mart as case.And analyze what are the opportunities and threats Wal-Mart faced in China.

  14. Wu Mart Lands Hong Kong:A Hint to Mainland Retailers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    One of the biggest chain supermarkets in Beijing——Wu Mart Group Co., Ltd. has been listed on Growth Enterprise Market of Hong Kong as the new share with most funds.The opening offer of the stock is HK$8 which is up 29% of the IPO HK$ 6.22. On the contrary to Bear Market in mainland, Wu Mart stock has been the favor of Hong Kong market that give morc confidence to mainland retailers.

  15. Pengaruh Strategi Bauran Pemasaran Ritel terhadap Kepuasan dan Loyalitas Pelanggan Minimarket MES Mart Syariah Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Pasaribu, Dheafani Arnila

    2015-01-01

    The formulation of the case in this research is how far the effect of retail marketing mix strategy which consist of product, price, place, promotion, personality, and presentation on customer satisfaction of minimarket MES Mart syariah and how far the effect of customer satisfaction on MES Mart customer loyalty. The goal of this research is to know and analize the effect of retail marketing mix strategy which consist of product, price, place, promotion, personality, and presentation on custo...

  16. The Impact of Wal-Mart Supercenters on Supermarkets’ Profit Margins

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Xiaoou; Lopez, Rigoberto A.

    2010-01-01

    The Impact of Wal-Mart Supercenters on Supermarkets’ Profit Margins. XIAOOU LIU (Email: , School of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Renmin University of China, Beijing, China 100872) RIGOBERTO LOPEZ (Professor and Department Head, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Storrs, CT 06269) This paper quantifies the impact of Wal-Mart Supercenters on supermarkets’ profitability via a two-stage dynamic entry game, using simulated methods of moment and ...

  17. The Almohad Mecca. Locating Igli and the Cave of Ibn Tūmart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fromherz, Allen J.

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Igli was the Mecca of the Almohads. In the Cave of Igli Muḥammad Ibn Tūmart proclaimed the beginning of the Almohad movement in North Africa. Despite the obvious importance of Igli, there was little knowledge about the precise location of Igli or the famous cave of Ibn Tūmart on the map. This paper details the discovery of the small village of Igli 30 kilometers East of Tarūdant. The location of this modem village corresponds with Almohad Igli. Primary sources, oral testimony and physical remains are all evidence that modem Igli was the birthplace of Ibn Tūmart.

    Igli era La Meca de los Almohades. En la cueva de Igli Muḥammad Ibn Tūmart proclamó el principio del movimiento almohade en África del norte. A pesar de la importancia de Igli, no se conocía su localización exacta o de la cueva de Ibn Tūmart. Aquí se detalla el descubrimiento de la pequeña aldea de Igli 30 kilómetros al este de Tarūdant. La localización de esta aldea moderna parece corresponder con el Igli almohade. Las fuentes primarias, el testimonio oral y los restos físicos se aducen como evidencia de que el Igli moderno era el lugar de nacimiento de Ibn Tūmart.

  18. Facing global markets – usage changes in Western Amazonian plants: the example of Euterpe precatoria Mart. and E. oleracea Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rainer W. Bussmann

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Palms (Arecaceae are one of the most important families of useful plants, and indigenous societies have developed very distinct ways of utilizing this resource. The clonal Euterpe oleracea Mart. has long been used for the preparation of frothy beverages in the eastern Amazon, in particular by colonists and caboclos, but to a much lesser extent by the indigenous population. Euterpe precatoria Mart., which grows in the western Amazon, is traditionally reported as resource for construction and thatch, but not as important species in alimentation. Our recent work indicates that the use of both species has dramatically shifted in the recent past. Prices for Euterpe products have increased dramatically due to the global commodization first of palm hearts and “Açaí berry juice” as nutritional supplement. This is especially evident in western Amazonia: In Bolivia and Peru, where older indigenous informants mostly reported thatch and houseposts as regular use for E. precatoria and did not know E. oleracea. Younger informants most commonly reported to a large extent on E. precatoria being used for the production of palm hearts, but less for other, while the youngest informants in many cases only knew E. precatoria fruits as source of beverages, as commercial fruit, and as source for handicrafts, and indicated that E. oleracea was being introduced because the species yielded higher harvests. In addition, many mid-age and younger informants reported Euterpe sp. as medicinal species, a less frequently mentioned by older informants. The local mestizo population in contrast had a broader distributed knowledge with regard to “food” uses of Euterpe sp., and mentioned the species as source of construction material less frequently.

  19. Optimization of the volume reconstruction for classical Tomo-PIV algorithms (MART, BIMART and SMART): synthetic and experimental studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, L.; Tremblais, B.; David, L.

    2014-03-01

    Optimization of multiplicative algebraic reconstruction technique (MART), simultaneous MART and block iterative MART reconstruction techniques was carried out on synthetic and experimental data. Different criteria were defined to improve the preprocessing of the initial images. Knowledge of how each reconstruction parameter influences the quality of particle volume reconstruction and computing time is the key in Tomo-PIV. These criteria were applied to a real case, a jet in cross flow, and were validated.

  20. Modeling and analysis of real-time and embedded systems with UML and MARTE developing cyber-physical systems

    CERN Document Server

    Selic, Bran

    2013-01-01

    Modeling and Analysis of Real-Time and Embedded Systems with UML and MARTE explains how to apply the complex MARTE standard in practical situations. This approachable reference provides a handy user guide, illustrating with numerous examples how you can use MARTE to design and develop real-time and embedded systems and software. Expert co-authors Bran Selic and Sébastien Gérard lead the team that drafted and maintain the standard and give you the tools you need apply MARTE to overcome the limitations of cyber-physical systems. The functional sophistication required of modern cyber-physical

  1. Antiproliferative activity of Luehea candicans Mart. et Zucc. (Tiliaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Dioni A; Alves, Vanessa G; Franco, Danielle M M; Ribeiro, Laryssa C; de Souza, Maria C; Kato, Lucilia; de Carvalho, João E; Kohn, Luciana K; de Oliveira, Cecília M A; da Silva, Cleuza C

    2012-01-01

    Luehea candicans Mart. et Zucc. (Tiliaceae) is known as 'açoita-cavalo' and is one of the most important medicinal plants found in the Brazilian cerrado. The crude methanolic extracts of the branches and leaves and their fractions were evaluated using the following cancer cell lines: MCF-7 (breast), NCI-ADR (breast expressing the multidrug resistance phenotype), NCI-460 (lung), UACC-62 (melanoma), 786-0 (kidney), OVCAR (ovarian), PCO-3 (prostate), HT-29 (colon) and K-562 (leukaemia). The crude methanolic extracts from the branches (B) and leaves (L) were able to inhibit the growth of the K-562 and 786-0 cell lines in a dose-dependent manner, with GI(50) values of 8.1 and 5.4 µg mL(-1), respectively. The hexane (L1), chloroform (L2) and methanol (L4) fractions derived from extract L showed a high selectivity and pronounced cytostatic activity against 786-0 (GI(50) ~ 40 µg mL(-1)). A significant amount of lupeol was isolated from fraction L2. The chloroform (B2) and methanol (B3) fractions derived from extract (B) exhibited less selectivity, showing the highest cytostatic activity against K-562, NCI-ADR, OVCAR, MCF-7 and NCI-460 cells, with GI(50) values between 27 and 40 µg mL(-1). Lupeol, betulin, a mixture of steroids, (-)-epicatechin, vitexin and liriodendrin were isolated from these active fractions.

  2. Ketamine and midazolam anesthesia in Pacific martens (Martes caurina).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortenson, Jack A; Moriarty, Katie M

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The use of midazolam as a tranquilizer for anesthesia in mustelids in conjunction with the cyclohexamine ketamine is not well documented. Because midazolam is fast acting, inexpensive, and quickly metabolized, it may serve as a good alternative to other more commonly used tranquilizers. We trapped and anesthetized 27 Pacific martens (Martes caurina) in Lassen National Forest (northern California, US) August 2010-April 2013. We assessed anesthesia with ketamine at 18 and 25 mg/kg combined with 0.2 mg/kg of midazolam by comparing mean times of induction, return to consciousness, and recovery, plus physiologic parameters. No reversal was used for the midazolam portion of the anesthetic. Mean (±SD) induction for both ketamine dosages was 1.7±0.5 and 1.8±1.0 min, respectively. Return to consciousness mean times were 8.0 min longer (Pmidazolam provided reliable field anesthesia for Pacific martens, and supplemental oxygen is recommended as needed.

  3. Characterization and development of marolo (Annona crassiflora, Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson Pablo da Silva

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study was the physical, chemical, and physiological characterization of marolo (Annona crassiflora, Mart. during its development. The fruits were harvested 12 Km off Itumirim, Southern Minas Gerais, Brazil, at 20-d intervals from anthesis to fruit maturity. The first fruits were harvested within 60 days. The total development of the fruit took 140 days starting from anthesis. At 140 days after anthesis, the fruit reached its maximum size, with mass of 1.380g, transverse diameter of 13.0 cm, and longitudinal diameter of 11.5 cm. During its development, the fruit showed increase in mass and in traverse and longitudinal diameters. The changes during maturation and ripening, such as: pH reduction and starch degradation, pectic solubilization, and increase in total sugars, soluble solids (ºB, respiratory rate (CO2, titratable acidity, vitamin C, and β-caroteno were observed from the 120th day of marolo development. A decrease in ability to sequester free radicals was observed up the 120th day, followed by an increase. The volatile compounds identified at the end of the development included the esters group only.

  4. GERMINAÇAO DE SEMENTES DE Combretum leprosum MART.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MAURO VASCONCELOS PACHECO

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Combretum leprosum Mart. is a tree species native of the Caatinga, used in the restoration of degraded areas and in folk medicine. Thus, this research aimed to evaluate the germination and vigor of the seeds subjecting them to different pre-germinative treatments, temperatures and substrates. In the first experi- ment, we tested the pre-germinative treatments: mechanical scarification with sandpaper, chemical scarification with H2SO4 for 1, 5, 10 and 20 minutes, immersion in water at 80 oC and imbibition in distilled water for 24 hours, beyond of the control. In the second experiment, after treatment of imbibition in water for 24 hours, the experimental design was completely randomized in a factorial 5 x 4 (five substrates: into paper, sand, coconut fiber, vermiculite and paper towel organized in the form of rolls; and four temperatures: 25, 30, 35 and 20-30 oC. The following parameters were evalueted: seed moisture content, germination, germination speed index, first germination count and seedling length and dry matter weight. The seeds of Combretum leprosum have not coat dormancy. However, pre-germinative treatments of mechanical scarification with sandpaper and imbibi- tion in water for 24 hours allows better expression of seeds vigor. The paper towel and the temperatures of 25, 30 and 20-30 oC provide adequate conditions for evaluating the germination of Combretum leprosum seeds.

  5. Antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects of Cyathea phalerata Mart. (Cyatheaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hort, Mariana Appel; Dalbó, Silvia; Brighente, Inês Maria Costa; Pizzolatti, Moacir Geraldo; Pedrosa, Rozangela Curi; Ribeiro-do-Valle, Rosa Maria

    2008-07-01

    The present study investigated the antioxidant properties of Cyathea phalerata Mart. (Cyatheaceae) using in vitro and in vivo assays. The in vitro antioxidant potential of the crude extract (CE), precipitate (PPT), aqueous fraction (AQF), n-butanolic fraction (BUF) and ethyl acetate fraction (EAF) from C. phalerata was evaluated through the scavenging of diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate (DPPH), superoxide anion (O(2)(*-)) (nitroblue tetrazolium assay) and hydroxyl radicals (OH(*)) (deoxyribose assay), and lipid peroxidation in rat liver homogenate. In these assays, it was observed that EAF had marked antioxidant potential, especially as a scavenger of the OH(*) radical and in inhibiting lipid peroxidation. The in vivo evaluation of oxidative stress (DNA fragmentation, membrane lipoperoxidation and carbonyl protein formation) and the antioxidant defenses (concentration of reduced glutathione, as well as catalase and glutathione S-transferase activities) were measured in mice pre-treated with EAF (10, 30 or 100 mg/kg, orally) and later exposed to carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)). The EAF decreased thiobarbituric acid reactive substances levels, DNA damage and carbonyl protein contents, and increased catalase and glutathione S-transferase activities. Based on these results, it is concluded that the EAF from C. phalerata protects liver from oxidative stress induced by CCl(4) in mice and these effects are probably related to the antioxidant activity associated with the free radical scavenging property of this fraction.

  6. Somatic embryogenesis from zygotic embryos of Euterpe oleracea Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ledo Ana da Silva

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to study the morphogenetic responses of zygotic embryos of açai palm (Euterpe oleracea Mart. submitted to several conditions of in vitro culture. Several research experiments were conducted, in laboratory, using vegetable material collected from açai palm plants at Embrapa Amazon Oriental, Belém-PA, Brazil. It was possible to verify the expression of a direct, repetitive and no-synchronized model of somatic embryogenesis in mature zygotic embryos cultivated in primary MS medium supplemented with 2,4-D (339.36 muM and transferred to a secondary MS medium in the presence of NAA (0.537 muM and 2iP (12.30 muM. The conversion of somatic embryos into seedlings was reached after 210 days with the transfer of the cultures to a third medium with sucrose and mineral salts concentrations reduced to a half, without growth regulators.

  7. Overcome dormancy of seeds of Tucum (Astrocaryum huaimi Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Apolyana Lorrayne Souza

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of immersion for varying periods in different concentrations of gibberellic acid and separate methods of scarification on the germination of seeds tucum. In the first trial, testing different soaking periods (24 and 48 hours, different forms of soaking (fast and slow and different concentrations of gibberellic acid (0 , 100 and 200 mg L-¹ compared to the control (water under completely randomized design in a factorial 2x2x3. The second experiment evaluated the different scarification treatments being: physical (seed coat removal in the hilar region with the aid of a scalpel, chemical (sulfuric acid 98 PA for 2:04 minutes and thermal (hot water at approximately 98 ° C and cold water at about 2°C for 4 minutes. In the first trial were evaluated % of contaminated seeds (seeds infected by microorganisms and hard seeds ( who did not start the germination process , but not soiled, and in the second we assessed germination percentage (% every two days for three months; germination Speed Index (GSI, time to occurrence of 50 % germination (T50 and Emergency Speed Index (ESI. The use of gibberellic acid was ineffective in promoting germination of Tucum (Astrocaryum Huaimi Mart.. Scarification treatments were effective in promoting germination and emergence of seedlings in the nursery and the most efficient physical removal scarification of the seed coat in the hilar region with the highest percentage of germination.

  8. Martí y la psicología Martí e a psicologia Marti’s psychological ideas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Jorge González Serra

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es demostrar que existe un pensamiento psicológico en José Martí. Se señala el criterio martiano de la unidad de observación y reflexión como base de la ciencia, su pensamiento multilateral y sintético, su promoción explícita de la ciencia del espíritu, su concepción sobre la unidad de lo general, lo particular y lo individual en el hombre, sus ideas sobre el pensamiento, la imaginación, la inteligencia, la afectividad, sobre la unidad del conocimiento y el afecto y sobre el espíritu de los pueblos.O objetivo deste trabalho é demonstrar que existe um pensamento psicológico de José Martí. Destacam-se o critério martiano da unidade de observação e reflexão como base da ciência, o seu pensamento multilateral e sintético, sua promoção explícita da ciência do espírito, sua concepção sobre a unidade do geral, o particular e o individual no homem, suas ideias sobre o pensamento, a imaginação, a inteligência, a afetividade, sobre a unidade do conhecimento e do afeto e sobre o espírito dos povos.The aim of the present paper is to bring to light Marti's psychological ideas. The paper discusses Marti's concepts on the science of the spirit. It deals with his beliefs on the unity of observation and thinking as the basis of science; with his multilateral and synthetic thinking; with his ideas regarding the unity of the general, the particular and the individual in man; with his concepts of thinking, imagination and intelligence, moral and motivation; with his beliefs on the unity of cognition and affection, and with his ideas on the spirit of peoples.

  9. The change of nutritional value of the fermented Eichhornia crassipes Mart meal as broiler rations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fera Mahmilia

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Eichhornia crassipes Mart is one of the water plants which grows in the rivers, ricefields, water reservoirs or dams. This plant is often considered as water weeds that harm people much. This weed can be used for feeding the animal, but it has high crude fiber. Fermentation tehnology could be done to overcome the problem. E. crassipes Mart is grounded into meal and solidly fermented by mixing minerals and Trichoderma harzianum for 4 days at room temperature. The fermentation resulted the increase of nutritional value. The crude protein increases for 61.81% (from 6.31 to 10.21% and crude fiber decreases for 18% (26.61 to 21.82%. The in vivo experiment was conducted based on completely randomized design using 80 day old broiler chicks with 5 replication. They were alotted to 4 diets containing one control without fermented E. crassipes Mart, 5, 10 and 15% of fermented E. crassipes Mart. Diets were fed ad libitum for 6 weeks. Feed intake, weight gain and feed conversion ratio, carcas and abdominal fat were observed as parameters. Result showed that no parameter were significantly affected by treatments, although the nutritional values were slightly decreasing in higher fermented E. crassipes. The fermented E. Crassipes Mart can be used up to 15% in broiler rations.

  10. Gregorio Martínez, cronista de otra historia Gregorio Martínez, chronicler ot another history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Huespe

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Los mitos fundamentales de la conquista de América se sostuvieron sobre una idea de base: la existencia de una región fabulosa situada sobre la franja equinoccial. La necesidad de hallar oro en esas regiones ignotas marcó un impulso fundamental en el proceso de conquista y constituyó uno de los móviles más fuertes, sino tal vez el más importante. A partir del concepto ficciones de archivo que propone Roberto González Echevarría (2000, el presente trabajo aborda la forma en que se actualizan los mitos de la conquista en la obra literaria Crónica de músicos y diablos (1985 del escritor peruano Gregorio Martínez (Nasca, 1942.The fundamental myths of the conquest of America were based upon one fundamental principle: the existence of a region located on the fabulous equator strip. The need to find gold in those unknown regions was a major boost in the process of conquest and was one of the strongest motives, and perhaps the most important one. Based on the concept ficciones de archivo proposed by Roberto Gonzalez Echevarría (2000, this paper addresses how myths of conquest are updated in Crónica de músicos y diablos (1985 written by Gregorio Martinez (Nasca, 1942.

  11. Text data extraction for a prospective, research-focused data mart: implementation and validation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hinchcliff Monique

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Translational research typically requires data abstracted from medical records as well as data collected specifically for research. Unfortunately, many data within electronic health records are represented as text that is not amenable to aggregation for analyses. We present a scalable open source SQL Server Integration Services package, called Regextractor, for including regular expression parsers into a classic extract, transform, and load workflow. We have used Regextractor to abstract discrete data from textual reports from a number of ‘machine generated’ sources. To validate this package, we created a pulmonary function test data mart and analyzed the quality of the data mart versus manual chart review. Methods Eleven variables from pulmonary function tests performed closest to the initial clinical evaluation date were studied for 100 randomly selected subjects with scleroderma. One research assistant manually reviewed, abstracted, and entered relevant data into a database. Correlation with data obtained from the automated pulmonary function test data mart within the Northwestern Medical Enterprise Data Warehouse was determined. Results There was a near perfect (99.5% agreement between results generated from the Regextractor package and those obtained via manual chart abstraction. The pulmonary function test data mart has been used subsequently to monitor disease progression of patients in the Northwestern Scleroderma Registry. In addition to the pulmonary function test example presented in this manuscript, the Regextractor package has been used to create cardiac catheterization and echocardiography data marts. The Regextractor package was released as open source software in October 2009 and has been downloaded 552 times as of 6/1/2012. Conclusions Collaboration between clinical researchers and biomedical informatics experts enabled the development and validation of a tool (Regextractor to parse, abstract and assemble

  12. José Martí, Viajes y Apreciación del Pueblo Maya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Bojórquez Urzaiz

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo expone y examina los cambios de percepción que experimentó José Martí sobre el papel de los pueblos originarios de América, entre 1875 y 1878, años en los que vivió en México y Guatemala, con intensa escala en Yucatán, lugares donde conoció directamente la cultura y el pueblo maya. Martí resume una visión inicial de nuestra América en la figura lítica de Chacmool cuando después de ser expropiada por el gobierno yucateco, el Apóstol cubano la admira en la ciudad de Mérida y expresa que es la síntesis de las culturas americanas. Aspecto poco estudiado en la obra de Martí es este acercamiento etnográfico a la realidad maya de Yucatán y Guatemala.   This paper aims at presenting and examining the change of perception José Martí underwent in relation to the role of the native peoples of America between 1875 and 1878, the years he lived in Mexico and Guatemala, during which he spent a large amount of time in Yucatan, where he was able to get to know the Mayan culture and its people first hand. Martí summarized his initial vision of our America in the lithic figure of Chacmool, which he was able to admire in the city of Merida, after it had been expropriated by the government of Yucatan. The Cuban apostle described this as a synthesis of American cultures. This ethnographic insight into the Mayan reality in Yucatan and Guatemala represents a scarcely explored aspect of Martí's work.

  13. Vigencia política de José Martí

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Semblanza del escritor y político cubano José Martí (1853-1895), con especial atención a la vigencia de su pensamiento ético, base de su permanente actualidad. Martí fue el organizador y líder de la última guerra americana contra el colonialismo europeo clásico, pero el sentido profundo que dio a esa lucha la convirtió en una verdadera guerra de liberación nacional: el primer movimiento concreto contra el imperialismo. Entre los rasgos más originales del pensamiento martiano están: la proclam...

  14. The Effect of Entry by Wal-Mart Supercenters on Retail Grocery Concentration

    OpenAIRE

    Martens, Bobby J.

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. retail grocery industry shifted from an industry dominated by small grocers serving local markets to one characterized by large retailers present in international markets. Average retail grocery concentration as measured by CR4 increased from 19.9 in 1997 to 31.0 in 2002 (U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, 2000; 2005). Wal-Mart’s tremendous growth is the catalyst to this change, but little is known about Wal-Mart’s effect on market concentration. This analysis eva...

  15. Job Creation or Destruction? Labor-Market Effects of Wal-Mart Expansion

    OpenAIRE

    Emek Basker

    2003-01-01

    This paper estimates the effect of Wal-Mart expansion on retail employment at the county level. Using an instrumental-variables approach to correct for both measurement error in entry dates and endogeneity of the timing of entry, I find that Wal-Mart entry increases retail employment by 100 jobs in the year of entry. Half of this gain disappears over the next five years as other retail establishments exit and contract, leaving a long-run statistically significant net gain of 50 jobs. Wholesal...

  16. THE EFFECT OF ENTRY BY WAL-MART SUPERCENTERS ON RETAIL GROCERY CONCENTRATION

    OpenAIRE

    Martens, Bobby J.; Dooley, Frank J.; Kim, Sounghun

    2006-01-01

    The U.S. retail grocery industry shifted from an industry dominated by small grocers serving local markets to one characterized by large retailers present in international markets. Average retail grocery concentration as measured by CR4 increased from 17.8 in 1982 to 43.0 in 1999 (U.S. Census Bureau, 1982; Trade Dimensions Marketing Guidebook, 2000). Wal-Mart's tremendous growth is the catalyst to this change. Although Wal-Mart has been studied from multiple perspectives, little is known abou...

  17. Estudo comparativo farmacognóstico e atividade biológica de Maytenus rigida Mart. E Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex. Reiss. (Celastraceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Soares da Rocha, Cristiano

    2003-01-01

    Este trabalho compreende o estudo farmacognóstico comparativo (padronização botânica, avaliação fitoquímica e avaliação da atividade biológica) entre as espécies Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex. Reiss. e M. rigida Mart. (Celastraceae), esta última bastante utilizada popularmente, em nosso estado, para o tratamento de distúrbios gástricos (gastrite e úlceras gástricas), indicações idênticas àquelas registradas através de vários estudos para M. ilicifolia. A padronização botânica...

  18. Evaluación de la calidad de vida en personas con discapacidades significativas: aplicación de la Escala San Martín en la Fundación Obra San Martín

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Hierro Zorrilla

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available La Escala San Martín es un instrumento que permite evaluar la calidad de vida de personas con discapacidades significativas con evidencias adecuadas de fiabilidad y validez. En 2012 se administró la Escala San Martín a 85 personas con discapacidad intelectual que acudían a alguno de los centros de la Fundación Obra San Martín. El presente artículo recoge los resultados obtenidos agregados en el mesosistema, un ejemplo del microsistema y las líneas de trabajo puestas en marcha a partir de los resultados obtenidos.

  19. Mart Siimann asus tööle presidendi sisenõunikuna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Ilmunud ka Sakala (2003/Sep/30) lk. 7 ;Virumaa Teataja (2003/Sep/30) lk. 1. Eesti Olümpiakomitee president ja endine peaminister Mart Siimann asus veerandi kohaga tööle presidendi sisenõunikuna. Senine sisenõunik Jüri Kaljuvee asus julgeolekunõuniku kohale

  20. A Study of the Discount Retail Industry and Wal-Mart Corporation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    lilith /no- wal/index.html.; Internet, accessed 14 August 1997. 115 Deirdre McMurdy, "Baffling Bentonville: Executives from the Arkansas-based Retail...December 1997. "Up Against the Wal! Facts You Should Know About Wal-Mart," http://tdg.uoguelph.ca? lilith /no-wal/index.html; Internet; accessed 14

  1. Homme algab valge olümpia / Mart Siimann, Paavo Kivine ; interv. Sulev Valner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siimann, Mart, 1946-

    2002-01-01

    Salt Lake City olümpiamängude eelõhtul olid Maalehe vestlusringis spordist, olümpiast ja ausast mängust mõtteid avaldamas publitsist Paavo Kivine ja Eesti Olümpiakomitee president, parlamendisaadik Mart Siimann

  2. The BioMart community portal: an innovative alternative to large, centralized data repositories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smedley, Damian; Haider, Syed; Durinck, Steffen; Pandini, Luca; Provero, Paolo; Allen, James; Arnaiz, Olivier; Awedh, Mohammad Hamza; Baldock, Richard; Barbiera, Giulia; Bardou, Philippe; Beck, Tim; Blake, Andrew; Bonierbale, Merideth; Brookes, Anthony J.; Bucci, Gabriele; Buetti, Iwan; Burge, Sarah; Cabau, Cédric; Carlson, Joseph W.; Chelala, Claude; Chrysostomou, Charalambos; Cittaro, Davide; Collin, Olivier; Cordova, Raul; Cutts, Rosalind J.; Dassi, Erik; Genova, Alex Di; Djari, Anis; Esposito, Anthony; Estrella, Heather; Eyras, Eduardo; Fernandez-Banet, Julio; Forbes, Simon; Free, Robert C.; Fujisawa, Takatomo; Gadaleta, Emanuela; Garcia-Manteiga, Jose M.; Goodstein, David; Gray, Kristian; Guerra-Assunção, José Afonso; Haggarty, Bernard; Han, Dong-Jin; Han, Byung Woo; Harris, Todd; Harshbarger, Jayson; Hastings, Robert K.; Hayes, Richard D.; Hoede, Claire; Hu, Shen; Hu, Zhi-Liang; Hutchins, Lucie; Kan, Zhengyan; Kawaji, Hideya; Keliet, Aminah; Kerhornou, Arnaud; Kim, Sunghoon; Kinsella, Rhoda; Klopp, Christophe; Kong, Lei; Lawson, Daniel; Lazarevic, Dejan; Lee, Ji-Hyun; Letellier, Thomas; Li, Chuan-Yun; Lio, Pietro; Liu, Chu-Jun; Luo, Jie; Maass, Alejandro; Mariette, Jerome; Maurel, Thomas; Merella, Stefania; Mohamed, Azza Mostafa; Moreews, Francois; Nabihoudine, Ibounyamine; Ndegwa, Nelson; Noirot, Céline; Perez-Llamas, Cristian; Primig, Michael; Quattrone, Alessandro; Quesneville, Hadi; Rambaldi, Davide; Reecy, James; Riba, Michela; Rosanoff, Steven; Saddiq, Amna Ali; Salas, Elisa; Sallou, Olivier; Shepherd, Rebecca; Simon, Reinhard; Sperling, Linda; Spooner, William; Staines, Daniel M.; Steinbach, Delphine; Stone, Kevin; Stupka, Elia; Teague, Jon W.; Dayem Ullah, Abu Z.; Wang, Jun; Ware, Doreen; Wong-Erasmus, Marie; Youens-Clark, Ken; Zadissa, Amonida; Zhang, Shi-Jian; Kasprzyk, Arek

    2015-01-01

    The BioMart Community Portal (www.biomart.org) is a community-driven effort to provide a unified interface to biomedical databases that are distributed worldwide. The portal provides access to numerous database projects supported by 30 scientific organizations. It includes over 800 different biological datasets spanning genomics, proteomics, model organisms, cancer data, ontology information and more. All resources available through the portal are independently administered and funded by their host organizations. The BioMart data federation technology provides a unified interface to all the available data. The latest version of the portal comes with many new databases that have been created by our ever-growing community. It also comes with better support and extensibility for data analysis and visualization tools. A new addition to our toolbox, the enrichment analysis tool is now accessible through graphical and web service interface. The BioMart community portal averages over one million requests per day. Building on this level of service and the wealth of information that has become available, the BioMart Community Portal has introduced a new, more scalable and cheaper alternative to the large data stores maintained by specialized organizations. PMID:25897122

  3. Mart Reimann käis Afganistanis rekreatsiooni õpet kavandamas / intervjueerinud Ülle Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reimann, Mart, 1975-

    2015-01-01

    Intervjuu Tallinna Ülikooli rekreatsioonikorralduse lektori Mart Reimanniga, kes viibis Afganistanis seoses Eesti arenguabi projektiga. Tallinna Ülikooli koostööst Kabuli Ülikooliga rekreatsiooni vallas. Käidi vaatamas Kabuli Ülikooli rekreatsiooni- ja turismi instituudi loomise võimalusi

  4. Is Maxima a Wal-Mart in sheep's clothing? / Todd Graham

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Graham, Todd

    2007-01-01

    Nii USA-s kui Leedus tegutsev teadlane Randy Richards uuris Ida-Euroopas jõudsalt laienenud kaubaketi Maxima ja USA Wal-Mart-i turu hõivamise, -positsiooni ja -strateegiate sarnasusi ja erinevusi. Vt. samas: Baltic retail continues to thrive. Kaubanduskeskuste ehitusbuum Eestis, Lätis ja Leedus

  5. Vihula mõis = Vihula manor / Mart Keskküla ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keskküla, Mart, 1947-

    2011-01-01

    Vihula mõisakompleksist, lühidalt mõisa ajaloost, mõisahoonete restaureerimisest. Vihula mõis on nüüd turismikeskus. Arhitekt Mart Keskküla, ajaloolane Kaarel Truu, sisekujundajad Reet Saluvere, Heli Eensalu, Ija Kuuse (AS Restor). Maastikuarhitekt Kersti Lootus (AS Lootusprojekt)

  6. Ilu võitlus koleduse välja vastu / Rebekka Lotman ; kommenteerinud Mart Anderson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotman, Rebekka, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Konkursside "25 kauneimat Eesti raamatut" ja "Viis kauneimat Eesti lasteraamatut" võidutööde näitus Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus. Võidutööde valikut kommenteerib žürii esimees Mart Anderson. Loetletud 2008. aasta 25 kaunimat raamatut. Nimekiri: 2008. aasta 25 kauneimat raamatut

  7. Eesti talendid välismaale / Juko-Mart Kõlar, Tiina Jokinen, Anu Jaanson... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimustele muusikute vahendamisest välismaale vastavad MTÜ Eesti Muusika Ekspordi tegevjuht Juko-Mart Kõlar, Estonian Record Productionsi tegevdirektor Tiina Jokinen, sama firma mänedžer Anu Jaanson ja Pille Lille Muusikute Toetusfondi tegevjuht Leelo Lehtla

  8. EHRC 2012, 146, (17966/10: Manzanas Martín v. Spain)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    N. Ramos Martin

    2012-01-01

    De klager, Manzanas Martín, was van 1 november 1952 tot en met 30 juni 1991 werkzaam als priester bij de Spaanse evangelische kerk. Hoewel hij gedurende deze periode loon ontving van de kerk, betaalde de laatste geen sociale verzekeringspremies met betrekking tot zijn aanstelling. Na zijn pensioneri

  9. Valmib valus lavalugu perest : Athenas jõuab vaatajate ette Mart Kivastiku suhtedraama / Raimu Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Raimu, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    SA Eesti Teatri Festival esietendab 4. mail Athena keskuses Margus Kasterpalu lavastuses Mart Kivastiku näidendit "Meie isa, kes sa oled ..." Mängivad Vanemuise näitlejad Marika Aidla, Hannes Kaljujärv, Tanel Jonas ning Leino Rei

  10. Ilu võitlus koleduse välja vastu / Rebekka Lotman ; kommenteerinud Mart Anderson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotman, Rebekka, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Konkursside "25 kauneimat Eesti raamatut" ja "Viis kauneimat Eesti lasteraamatut" võidutööde näitus Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus. Võidutööde valikut kommenteerib žürii esimees Mart Anderson. Loetletud 2008. aasta 25 kaunimat raamatut. Nimekiri: 2008. aasta 25 kauneimat raamatut

  11. Is Maxima a Wal-Mart in sheep's clothing? / Todd Graham

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Graham, Todd

    2007-01-01

    Nii USA-s kui Leedus tegutsev teadlane Randy Richards uuris Ida-Euroopas jõudsalt laienenud kaubaketi Maxima ja USA Wal-Mart-i turu hõivamise, -positsiooni ja -strateegiate sarnasusi ja erinevusi. Vt. samas: Baltic retail continues to thrive. Kaubanduskeskuste ehitusbuum Eestis, Lätis ja Leedus

  12. Eesti talendid välismaale / Juko-Mart Kõlar, Tiina Jokinen, Anu Jaanson... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Küsimustele muusikute vahendamisest välismaale vastavad MTÜ Eesti Muusika Ekspordi tegevjuht Juko-Mart Kõlar, Estonian Record Productionsi tegevdirektor Tiina Jokinen, sama firma mänedžer Anu Jaanson ja Pille Lille Muusikute Toetusfondi tegevjuht Leelo Lehtla

  13. Massive infestation with fur mites (Lynxacarus mustelae) of a stone marten (Martes foina) from Tyrol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Visser, Martin; Messner, Christian; Rehbein, Steffen

    2011-10-01

    A massive infestation with Lynxacarus mustelae (Megnin, 1885) (Acari, Astigmata, Listrophoridae) was diagnosed in a stone marten (Martes foina) from Tyrol, Austria. In addition, Ixodes rugicollis and Trichodectes retusus are reported for the first time in Austria, and the five species of helminths found (Capillaria aerophila, C. mustelorum, C. paranalis, C. plica, Molineus patens) are first records in the stone marten in the country.

  14. A miniature Marine Aerosol Reference Tank (miniMART) as a compact breaking wave analogue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stokes, M. Dale; Deane, Grant; Collins, Douglas B.; Cappa, Christopher; Bertram, Timothy; Dommer, Abigail; Schill, Steven; Forestieri, Sara; Survilo, Mathew

    2016-09-01

    In order to understand the processes governing the production of marine aerosols, repeatable, controlled methods for their generation are required. A new system, the miniature Marine Aerosol Reference Tank (miniMART), has been designed after the success of the original MART system, to approximate a small oceanic spilling breaker by producing an evolving bubble plume and surface foam patch. The smaller tank utilizes an intermittently plunging jet of water produced by a rotating water wheel, into an approximately 6 L reservoir to simulate bubble plume and foam formation and generate aerosols. This system produces bubble plumes characteristic of small whitecaps without the large external pump inherent in the original MART design. Without the pump it is possible to easily culture delicate planktonic and microbial communities in the bulk water during experiments while continuously producing aerosols for study. However, due to the reduced volume and smaller plunging jet, the absolute numbers of particles generated are approximately an order of magnitude less than in the original MART design.

  15. Screening a core collection of citrus genetic resources for resistance to Fusarium solani (Mart) Sacc

    Science.gov (United States)

    A causal agent for Dry root rot (DRR) of citrus has not been definitively identified, but the organism most consistently associated with DRR is Fusarium solani (Mart.) Sacc. To efficiently screen a citrus germplasm collection for resistance to F. solani, a core subset of the collection was evaluated...

  16. Wal-Mart tõmbab USA elatustaset alla / Eva Rüütel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rüütel, Eva

    2005-01-01

    USA majanduskriitikud väidavad, et riigi suurim tööandja jaekaubanduskett Wal-Mart kisub ameeriklaste elatustaset alla. Püüdes laialtlevinud arusaama kummutada, palkas ettevõte majanduskonsultatsioonifirma Global Insight'i, et uurida firma mõju ulatust Ameerika majandusele

  17. Concordia ülikooli õppejõud nõuavad rektor Mart Susi lahkumist / Andri Maimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimets, Andri

    2003-01-01

    Concordia Ülikooli õppejõud ja tudengid esitasid senisele rektorile Mart Susile palve oma kohalt lahkuda, nad ei pea õigeks, et ülikooli juhib ülikooli rahaga patustanud inimene. Susi väitis üliõpilaste ees peetud pressikonverentsil, et jutud ülikooli võlgadest ja tema enda ametikoha kuritarvitustest ei vasta tõele

  18. Mart ja Mari-Ann Susi taotlevad omanikena Concordia pankrotti / Andri Maimets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Maimets, Andri

    2003-01-01

    Concordia Ülikooli rektori kohast loobunud Mart Susi ning prorektori ametikohalt lahkunud Mari-Ann Susi taotlevad neile kuuluvat ülikooli pidanud miljonivõlgades firma pankrotti. Hiljuti loodi õppejõududest, tudengitest js töötajatest mittetulundusühing Concordia Akadeemiline Ühisus (CAU), selle nõukogu esimees on Hagi Šein

  19. Homme algab valge olümpia / Mart Siimann, Paavo Kivine ; interv. Sulev Valner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siimann, Mart, 1946-

    2002-01-01

    Salt Lake City olümpiamängude eelõhtul olid Maalehe vestlusringis spordist, olümpiast ja ausast mängust mõtteid avaldamas publitsist Paavo Kivine ja Eesti Olümpiakomitee president, parlamendisaadik Mart Siimann

  20. Mess TEHNOLOOGIA 2000 - teaduse, tehnika ja rahamaailma kohtumine / Rein Ruubel, Mart Min ; interv. Urmi Reinde

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruubel, Rein

    2000-01-01

    Maikuus Tallinna Tehnikaülikoolis toimunud messi eesmärgiks oli ülevaate saamine innovaatilise ettevõtluse seisust ning arengu- ja arendamisvõimalustest Eestis : Vestlus messi projektijuhi Rein Ruubeli ja Elektroonika Instituudi direktori, professor Mart Miniga

  1. Nõukogude modernism : perifeeria rääkimata lood / Mart Kalm ; intervjueerinud Sille Pihlak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalm, Mart, 1961-

    2012-01-01

    Näitus "Nõukogude modernism 1955-1991. Rääkimata lood" Viini Arhitektuurikeskuses. Kuraatorid: Katharina Ritter, Ekaterina Shapiro-Obermair, Alexandra Wachter. Näitusega kaasneb publikatsioon. Näituselt puudub Venemaa. Arhitektuuriajaloolane Mart Kalm eesti arhitektuurist ja oma ettekandest konverentsil

  2. Vihula mõis = Vihula manor / Mart Keskküla ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keskküla, Mart, 1947-

    2011-01-01

    Vihula mõisakompleksist, lühidalt mõisa ajaloost, mõisahoonete restaureerimisest. Vihula mõis on nüüd turismikeskus. Arhitekt Mart Keskküla, ajaloolane Kaarel Truu, sisekujundajad Reet Saluvere, Heli Eensalu, Ija Kuuse (AS Restor). Maastikuarhitekt Kersti Lootus (AS Lootusprojekt)

  3. Mess TEHNOLOOGIA 2000 - teaduse, tehnika ja rahamaailma kohtumine / Rein Ruubel, Mart Min ; interv. Urmi Reinde

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruubel, Rein

    2000-01-01

    Maikuus Tallinna Tehnikaülikoolis toimunud messi eesmärgiks oli ülevaate saamine innovaatilise ettevõtluse seisust ning arengu- ja arendamisvõimalustest Eestis : Vestlus messi projektijuhi Rein Ruubeli ja Elektroonika Instituudi direktori, professor Mart Miniga

  4. The BioMart community portal: an innovative alternative to large, centralized data repositories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smedley, Damian; Haider, Syed; Durinck, Steffen; Pandini, Luca; Provero, Paolo; Allen, James; Arnaiz, Olivier; Awedh, Mohammad Hamza; Baldock, Richard; Barbiera, Giulia; Bardou, Philippe; Beck, Tim; Blake, Andrew; Bonierbale, Merideth; Brookes, Anthony J; Bucci, Gabriele; Buetti, Iwan; Burge, Sarah; Cabau, Cédric; Carlson, Joseph W; Chelala, Claude; Chrysostomou, Charalambos; Cittaro, Davide; Collin, Olivier; Cordova, Raul; Cutts, Rosalind J; Dassi, Erik; Di Genova, Alex; Djari, Anis; Esposito, Anthony; Estrella, Heather; Eyras, Eduardo; Fernandez-Banet, Julio; Forbes, Simon; Free, Robert C; Fujisawa, Takatomo; Gadaleta, Emanuela; Garcia-Manteiga, Jose M; Goodstein, David; Gray, Kristian; Guerra-Assunção, José Afonso; Haggarty, Bernard; Han, Dong-Jin; Han, Byung Woo; Harris, Todd; Harshbarger, Jayson; Hastings, Robert K; Hayes, Richard D; Hoede, Claire; Hu, Shen; Hu, Zhi-Liang; Hutchins, Lucie; Kan, Zhengyan; Kawaji, Hideya; Keliet, Aminah; Kerhornou, Arnaud; Kim, Sunghoon; Kinsella, Rhoda; Klopp, Christophe; Kong, Lei; Lawson, Daniel; Lazarevic, Dejan; Lee, Ji-Hyun; Letellier, Thomas; Li, Chuan-Yun; Lio, Pietro; Liu, Chu-Jun; Luo, Jie; Maass, Alejandro; Mariette, Jerome; Maurel, Thomas; Merella, Stefania; Mohamed, Azza Mostafa; Moreews, Francois; Nabihoudine, Ibounyamine; Ndegwa, Nelson; Noirot, Céline; Perez-Llamas, Cristian; Primig, Michael; Quattrone, Alessandro; Quesneville, Hadi; Rambaldi, Davide; Reecy, James; Riba, Michela; Rosanoff, Steven; Saddiq, Amna Ali; Salas, Elisa; Sallou, Olivier; Shepherd, Rebecca; Simon, Reinhard; Sperling, Linda; Spooner, William; Staines, Daniel M; Steinbach, Delphine; Stone, Kevin; Stupka, Elia; Teague, Jon W; Dayem Ullah, Abu Z; Wang, Jun; Ware, Doreen; Wong-Erasmus, Marie; Youens-Clark, Ken; Zadissa, Amonida; Zhang, Shi-Jian; Kasprzyk, Arek

    2015-07-01

    The BioMart Community Portal (www.biomart.org) is a community-driven effort to provide a unified interface to biomedical databases that are distributed worldwide. The portal provides access to numerous database projects supported by 30 scientific organizations. It includes over 800 different biological datasets spanning genomics, proteomics, model organisms, cancer data, ontology information and more. All resources available through the portal are independently administered and funded by their host organizations. The BioMart data federation technology provides a unified interface to all the available data. The latest version of the portal comes with many new databases that have been created by our ever-growing community. It also comes with better support and extensibility for data analysis and visualization tools. A new addition to our toolbox, the enrichment analysis tool is now accessible through graphical and web service interface. The BioMart community portal averages over one million requests per day. Building on this level of service and the wealth of information that has become available, the BioMart Community Portal has introduced a new, more scalable and cheaper alternative to the large data stores maintained by specialized organizations.

  5. "Ja öeldakse, oh, õudust, kus me oleme" / Mart Laar ; interv. Helena Eenmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    Isamaa ja Res Publica Liidu liider Mart Laar Eesti jätkusuutlikkusest ja konkurentsivõimest, kapitali rahvusvahelistumisest, teadus- ja arendustegevuse paigalseisust, maksusüsteemist, ajaloost ja Tõnismäe pronkssõdurist, Venemaa-poliitikast, suhetest USA-ga, Eesti huvidest Gruusias

  6. Peaminister Mart Laar lükkas "Rohelise muna" veerema / Tiina Sarv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarv, Tiina, 1949-

    2001-01-01

    Ugala suurprojekt A. Mattiiseni-P. Volkonski risotoorium "Roheline muna", lav. A. Lepik. Peaminister Mart Laar viibis Alo Mattiiseni ja Peeter Volkonski "Roheline muna" esietendusel Kaevumäel, kus ta rääkis oma sõbrast Alo Mattiisenist

  7. Pensamiento político y partidos. Francesc Romeu i Martí PSPV-PSOE

    OpenAIRE

    Innodret, Grupo

    2010-01-01

    Pensamiento político y partidos. Francesc Romeu i Martí PSPV-PSOE. Historia del Pensamiento Político Moderno. Prof. Benito Sanz Díaz. Licenciatura en Ciencias Políticas y de la Administración. Facultat de Dret Universitat de Valencia

  8. Noored maastikuarhitektid Eestis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    7.-13. VIII Eestis toimuva Euroopa Maastikuarhitektuuri Üliõpilaste Assotsiatsiooni XI aastaseminari "Landscape Between Two Unions" kavast. EKAs esinevad loengutega Kristiina Hellström, Tiina Tammet, Mart Kalm. 11. VIII performance Tartus.

  9. Euterpe oleracea Mart. extract prevents vascular remodeling and endothelial dysfunction in spontaneously hypertensive rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viviane Silva Cristino Cordeiro

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Summary. We assessed the effects of Euterpe oleracea Mart. (açaí seed extract (ASE rich in proanthocyanidins and catechin on vascular dysfunction and oxidative stress associated with hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR. SHR and control rats were treated with ASE (200 mg/kg/day or vehicle for 10 weeks. In the rat mesenteric arterial bed (MAB, acetylcholine response, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS and superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD 1 expressions were studied. The antioxidant enzyme activity, oxidative damage and nitrite quantification were assessed in MAB and heart homogenates. eNOS immunohistochemistry and histological analysis was carried out on aortic sections. ASE was able to attenuate the hypertension and prevent the endothelial dysfunction in MAB of SHR. The increased levels of protein carbonylation and associated low levels of nitrite in MAB and heart of SHR were attenuated by ASE. The up-regulation of eNOS and SOD1 expression and the increased activity of SOD in MAB from SHR were normalized by ASE. In aorta from SHR, ASE prevented the increase in media thickness, media:lumen ratio and the decrease in the percentage of elastic fibers. Our results suggest that ASE produces antihypertensive effect and prevents the vascular dysfunction in SHR, through mechanisms involving antioxidant effects and NO production. Industrial relevance. Euterpe oleracea Mart. (Açaí has been considered one of the most important medicinal plants of the Amazon by its beneficial effects in the treatment of fever, pain, inflammation and anemia. More recently, Euterpe oleracea Mart. has been reported to reduce blood pressure with an important antioxidant property. The present research reports the protective effect of the extract of the seeds from Euterpe oleraca Mart. against high blood pressure and the associated vascular structural and functional changes. The test for antihypertensive and vascular anti-hypertrophic effect of the hydro

  10. Etnocentrismo, racismo y miedo: los indígenas y los incultos en Martí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Camacho

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available In the following article I return to the idea of ethnicity and liberalism in Latin America during the last part of the 19th century. I also discuss Martí’s view of the Indians after 1885, when his chronicles were fueled by the rhetoric of pro-indigenous groups such as the Friends of Indians Association. I propose to look at other ways in which Martí’s ethnocentric view of culture and race intertwined with his agenda of “defending” the Indians, especially in his essay “Nuestra América.” For that purpose I retrace some of my previous arguments and discuss other essays that have recently elaborated on Martí’s “other side”, the one that imposes on the Indians his own liberal agenda, and the vision of modernity that the elites were constructing in Latin America at the end of 19th century. In my previous articles I discussed Martí’s chronicles on the Guatemalan, Mexican and American Indians and here I will focus on the similarities between the positivists in Mexico and Martí’s emphasis on “scientific politics” as well as his fear that those that were at the lowest level of society could one day revolt against the republic and destroy the justice “accumulated in books.” For books symbolized for Martí the “lettered elite”, those that had power and exercised it to their own advantage. He talked about this fear in Mexico, and in his most famous essay he returned to it again with a somewhat different perspective, but still with the conviction that within a democracy everything could be solved and a revolt from the “unlettered” masses was not justified. I argue that even if “Nuestra América” meant a more positive view of the “Indian problem”, Martí still considers the Indians, the “gauchos” and the rest of the “incultos” as a threat. They were the natural ally of the “caudillos” that ruled for so long Latin America, charismatic caudillos such as Juan Manuel de Rosas.

  11. QUALIDADE DE FRUTOS PROCESSADOS ARTESANALMENTE DE AÇAÍ (Euterpe oleracea MART. E BACABA (Oenocarpus bacaba MART.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    LEANDRO TIMONI BUCHDID CAMARGO NEVES

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Os frutos do açaizeiro (Euterpe oleracea Mart. e da bacabeira ( MOenocarpus bacabaart, duas palmeiras tropicais nativas e socioeconomicamente importantes para os estados Amazônicos, são utilizados na produção de polpas processadas em sistemas agrofamiliares. Nesse sentido, o presente estudo objetivou a avaliação da qualidade físico-química e funcional de polpas de açaí e bacaba processadas artesanalmente. Os frutos foram coletados em propriedades rurais do município do Cantá/Roraima (bacaba e Boa Vista/ Roraima (açaí. Para a constituição do experimento, as polpas processadas foram armazenadas em pequenas embalagens de politereftalato de etileno (PET transparente e com tampa (mesmo material, com capacidade de 145 mL e refrigeradas a 3 ± 0,2°C e 45% de U.R., durante 5 dias. Foram analisados os seguintes parâmetros: pH, acidez titulável (AT, sólidos solúveis (SS, relação SS/AT, açúcares totais e redutores, pectinas totais e solúveis, teor de antocianinas e fenólicos totais. Ao final, para as polpas de açaí, levando-se em consideração os limites estabelecidos pelo Padrão de Identidade e Qualidade (PIQ, apenas o parâmetro AT apresentou-se fora da instrução normativa. Entretanto, a inexistência de padrões para bacaba inviabilizou tal comparação. Quanto ao teor das pectinas totais, pode-se concluir que ambas as polpas apresentam baixas concentrações desse componente, não sendo indicadas para produção de doces e geleias sem adição de agentes geleificantes. Os teores de compostos fenólicos e de antocianinas, em ambas as polpas, apesar de diminuir com o período de armazenamento refrigerado, apresentam altas concentrações quando em comparação a outros alimentos com apelo funcional.

  12. "Eesti lood" kõrvaltvaates. EDNi direktori Tue Steen Mülleri märkmed 2. veebruaril 2005 toimunud seminaril / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2005-01-01

    European Documentary Network'i direktori töötoast ETV ja EFSA dokfilmide sarja "Eesti lood" produtsentidele ja režissööridele. Näitlikult analüüsiti Liina Trishkina filmi "Elluastujad",Õnne Luha "Osta elevant ära", Madli Lääne filmi "Sensatsiooniline Tartu kevadbänd", Arvo Iho "Marina Kuvaitseva ja üksildased naised" ja Mart Taevere "Teistmoodi tihane"

  13. "Eesti lood" kõrvaltvaates. EDNi direktori Tue Steen Mülleri märkmed 2. veebruaril 2005 toimunud seminaril / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2005-01-01

    European Documentary Network'i direktori töötoast ETV ja EFSA dokfilmide sarja "Eesti lood" produtsentidele ja režissööridele. Näitlikult analüüsiti Liina Trishkina filmi "Elluastujad",Õnne Luha "Osta elevant ära", Madli Lääne filmi "Sensatsiooniline Tartu kevadbänd", Arvo Iho "Marina Kuvaitseva ja üksildased naised" ja Mart Taevere "Teistmoodi tihane"

  14. Laar sidus NRG-kaitsekõne Eesti pääsuga NATO-sse / Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2001-01-01

    Olulisemaid lõike peaminister Mart Laari Riigikogus peetud kõnest, milles ta põhjendas, miks valitsus müüb Narva elektrijaamad USA kompaniile NRG. Kommenteerivad Janno Reiljan, Tiit Tammsaar, Liina Tõnisson. Autor: Isamaaliit. Parlamendisaadik

  15. Küsimus: mida tähendab Teile teenetemärk? / Anne Oruaas, Mart Laanpere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oruaas, Anne

    2017-01-01

    Eesti Vabariigi presidendilt Kersti Kaljulaidilt Valgetähe V klassi teenetemärgi saanud Kehra elu edandaja Anne Oruaas ja Kuusalu vallas elav digivaldkonna edendaja hariduselus Mart Laanpere selgitavad teenetemärgi tähendust

  16. Mida arvatakse omavalitsustes koolivõrgu optimeerimisest? / Mart Järvik, Maris Liiders, Peeter Aas, Kaarin Veinbergs

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Arvamust avaldasid Järvakandi vallavanem, Raplamaa omavalitsuste liidu esimees Mart Järvik, Harju maavalitsuse haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna juhataja Maris Liiders, Põlva maavalitsuse haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna juhataja Peeter Aas, Ida-Viru maavalitsuse haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna juhataja Kaarin Veinbergs

  17. Mart Humal, "Uuringuid tonaalsusstruktuuridest. Sissejuhatus ja neliteist analüütilist etüüdi" / Kerri Kotta

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotta, Kerri, 1969-

    2007-01-01

    Rets. rmt. : Humal, Mart. Uuringuid tonaalstruktuuridest : sissejuhatus ja neliteist analüütilist etüüdi = Studies on tonal structures : introduction and fourteen analytical studies. Tallinn : Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia, 2007. - Töid muusikateooria alalt ; 3

  18. Hodorkovski - Venemaa kuulsaim vang / Cyril Tuschi, Vladimir Juškin, Mart Helme ; vestlust juhtis Tunne Kelam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuschi, Cyril, 1969-

    2011-01-01

    Dokumentaalfilmi "Hodorkovsky" režissöör Cyril Tuschi, Balti Vene Uuringute Keskuse direktor Vladimir Juškin ja suursaadik Mart Helme filmi peategelasest Mihhail Hodorkovskist ja Venemaa sisepoliitlisest olukorrast

  19. Mida arvatakse omavalitsustes koolivõrgu optimeerimisest? / Mart Järvik, Maris Liiders, Peeter Aas, Kaarin Veinbergs

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2012-01-01

    Arvamust avaldasid Järvakandi vallavanem, Raplamaa omavalitsuste liidu esimees Mart Järvik, Harju maavalitsuse haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna juhataja Maris Liiders, Põlva maavalitsuse haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna juhataja Peeter Aas, Ida-Viru maavalitsuse haridus- ja sotsiaalosakonna juhataja Kaarin Veinbergs

  20. Mart Humal, "Uuringuid tonaalsusstruktuuridest. Sissejuhatus ja neliteist analüütilist etüüdi" / Kerri Kotta

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotta, Kerri, 1969-

    2007-01-01

    Rets. rmt. : Humal, Mart. Uuringuid tonaalstruktuuridest : sissejuhatus ja neliteist analüütilist etüüdi = Studies on tonal structures : introduction and fourteen analytical studies. Tallinn : Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia, 2007. - Töid muusikateooria alalt ; 3

  1. Popkultuuri ikoon / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Inglise näitleja Anthony Hopkins on kolmandat korda Hannibal Lecteri rollis, seekord Brett Ratneri filmis "Punane draakon". Võrdlus Michael Manni 1986. a. filmiga "Manhunter", mis põhineb samale süzheele

  2. Popkultuuri ikoon / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Inglise näitleja Anthony Hopkins on kolmandat korda Hannibal Lecteri rollis, seekord Brett Ratneri filmis "Punane draakon". Võrdlus Michael Manni 1986. a. filmiga "Manhunter", mis põhineb samale süzheele

  3. Ad fontes / Kristiina Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ross, Kristiina, 1955-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Kaju, Katre. Vive hodie, cras vivere serum est: humanistlik-kristlik haridustraditsioon ja Riia pastori Adam Andreae reisialbum (1696–1702). Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus, 2011 (Dissertationes studiorum graecorum et latinorum Universitatis Tartuensis ; 5 )

  4. Tagaotsitav "Auto" / Kristiina Vaarik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaarik, Kristiina

    2001-01-01

    Chris O'Connelli "Auto" Vanemuises, lavastaja Mark Babych. Etendusele tegid muusika ansamblist Bizarre tuntud muusikud Tristan Priimägi ja Lauri Liivak, kes artiklis sellest räägivad. Esietendus 2. detsembril 2000

  5. Keele salaelu / Kristiina Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ross, Kristiina

    2004-01-01

    Vana Testamendi eestikeelsest tõlkest, mille tegid ajavahemikul 1687-1690 isa ja poeg Andreas ja Adrian Virginius. Rmt.: Esimene Moosese raamat. Iiobi raamat / tõlkinud 1687-1690 Andreas ja Adrian Virginius. Tallinn, 2003

  6. Ad fontes / Kristiina Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ross, Kristiina, 1955-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Kaju, Katre. Vive hodie, cras vivere serum est: humanistlik-kristlik haridustraditsioon ja Riia pastori Adam Andreae reisialbum (1696–1702). Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus, 2011 (Dissertationes studiorum graecorum et latinorum Universitatis Tartuensis ; 5 )

  7. Meie NATO / Kristiina Ojuland

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojuland, Kristiina, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    NATO on pärast alliansi-siseseid pingeid edasi arenenud, ta on võtnud üle Afganistani operatsiooni, räägitakse ka NATO-le suurema rolli andmisest stabiilsuse tagamisel Iraagis. Välisministri sõnul on tähtsaim alus NATO elujõule transatlantiliste suhete vastupidavus. Eesti rollist NATO liikmena. Vt. samas: NATO sõjaline juhtimisstruktuur

  8. Moskva trikid / Kristiina Ojuland

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojuland, Kristiina, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    Venemaa presidendikandidaadi Mihhail Kasjanovi valimistelt kõrvaldamine vähendab president Vladimir Putini järglase Dmitri Medvedevi legitiimsust, mis ongi V. Putini eesmärk, kirjutab autor. Eesti ülesannetest selgitada EL-is, et Venemaa pole kindel partner

  9. Keele salaelu / Kristiina Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ross, Kristiina

    2004-01-01

    Vana Testamendi eestikeelsest tõlkest, mille tegid ajavahemikul 1687-1690 isa ja poeg Andreas ja Adrian Virginius. Rmt.: Esimene Moosese raamat. Iiobi raamat / tõlkinud 1687-1690 Andreas ja Adrian Virginius. Tallinn, 2003

  10. Poeetilised prantslased / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    French Connection : Prantsuse kino "The American Way" - Prantsuse filmikunsti suurteosed ja nende Ameerika uusversioonid kinos Sõprus 28. maist 1. juunini. Lähemalt filmidest "Pepe le Moko" (Julien Duvivier, 1937), "Metslane" (Jean Renoir, 1938), "Viimasel hingetõmbel" (Jean-Luc Godard, 1959), "Uppumissurmast päästetud Boudu" (Jean Renoir, 1932), "Naine nimega Nikita" (Luc Besson, 1990)

  11. Poeetilised prantslased / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    French Connection : Prantsuse kino "The American Way" - Prantsuse filmikunsti suurteosed ja nende Ameerika uusversioonid kinos Sõprus 28. maist 1. juunini. Lähemalt filmidest "Pepe le Moko" (Julien Duvivier, 1937), "Metslane" (Jean Renoir, 1938), "Viimasel hingetõmbel" (Jean-Luc Godard, 1959), "Uppumissurmast päästetud Boudu" (Jean Renoir, 1932), "Naine nimega Nikita" (Luc Besson, 1990)

  12. Martí en España: El Destierro Purificador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán Rodas

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available José Martí llegó a España el 1 de febrero de 1871 como consecuencia de la deportación de la que fuera objeto por las autoridades cubanas quienes, desde 1869, lo habían retenido en prisión a causa de su postura contraria a la Metrópoli española. Su estadía en Madrid le sirvió para abrirse espacio en el mundo intelectual, sobre todo tras la publicación del artículo “Castillo” y del ensayo “El Presidio Político en Cuba”. La estancia de Martí en España le sirvió para culminar sus estudios, insertarse sobre debates de enorme significación filosófica, así como en la Masonería. Martí partió de la Península Ibérica, de retorno a América a finales de noviembre de 1874 en dirección a México. Había experimentado un destierro purificador que solo pudo ser posible en una persona del talento como fue el caso del cubano José Martí.   José Marti arrived in Spain on February 1, 1871, as a result of the deportation that was imposed on him by Cuban authorities, which since 1869 had kept him in prison due to his attitude against the Spanish Metropolis. During his stay in Madrid, he conquered new spaces in the intellectual world, especially after the publication of the article “Castillo” (“Castle” and the essay "El Presidio Político en Cuba" (“Political Imprisonment in Cuba”. While in Spain, Martí managed to complete his studies, engage in debates of great philosophical significance, as well as with the Masonry. In late November 1874, Martí left the Iberian Peninsula and returned to America, arriving in Mexico. Therefore, he experienced a purifying exile that could only be possible for a talented person like him.

  13. Fenología reproductiva y productividad de frutos de Euterpe oleracea (Mart.) y Oenocarpus bataua (Mart.) en bosques inundables del Chocó biogeográfico

    OpenAIRE

    Cifuentes Gómez, Lucas

    2010-01-01

    Oenocarpus bataua (Mart.) es una especie de palma frecuente en el Chocó Biogeográfico y, usualmente, conforma rodales homogéneos en bosques estacionalmente inundables. Es considerada promisoria porque sus frutos contienen aceite y proteínas de alta calidad; por ello, el manejo sostenible de estos bosques y la cosecha periódica de sus frutos pueden proveer alimento e ingresos monetarios a las comunidades locales y, así, mejorar su calidad de vida. Se estudió la fenología reproductiva y la prod...

  14. Avaliação da atividade antimicrobiana de Maytenus rigida Mart. (Celastraceae) Evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of Maytenus rigida Mart. (Celastraceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Santos,V.L.; M.F.V. Souza; L.M. Batista; Silva,B.A.; LIMA, M. S.; Souza,A.M.F; F.C Barbosa; R.M.R. Catão

    2011-01-01

    A realização de estudos farmacológicos é fundamental para comprovar a eficácia do uso de plantas medicinais pela população para o tratamento de doenças e descobrir novos fitoterápicos. Esse estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o potencial antimicrobiano do extrato etanólico e fase acetato de etila do bom nome (Maytenus rigida Mart.) sobre Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, 3 amostras de Staphylococcus aureus multirresistentes isoladas de pacientes com infecções nosocomiais, Escherichia coli ATCC ...

  15. BioMart Central Portal--unified access to biological data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haider, Syed; Ballester, Benoit; Smedley, Damian; Zhang, Junjun; Rice, Peter; Kasprzyk, Arek

    2009-07-01

    BioMart Central Portal (www.biomart.org) offers a one-stop shop solution to access a wide array of biological databases. These include major biomolecular sequence, pathway and annotation databases such as Ensembl, Uniprot, Reactome, HGNC, Wormbase and PRIDE; for a complete list, visit, http://www.biomart.org/biomart/martview. Moreover, the web server features seamless data federation making cross querying of these data sources in a user friendly and unified way. The web server not only provides access through a web interface (MartView), it also supports programmatic access through a Perl API as well as RESTful and SOAP oriented web services. The website is free and open to all users and there is no login requirement.

  16. El doble testimoni de Miquel Martí i Pol (1957-1972

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferran Carbó

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available Resum: The essay offers a revisión of Miquel Martí i Pol’s poetry written between 1957 and 1971. This poetry has been regarded by critics as linked to historical realism, and in our opinión consitutes the literary consolidation of the Roda de Ter-born poet after his his apprenticeship in existential poetry. Throughout five books and a long poem, the authorembodies a double social dimensión in his verse: on the one hand, extemal and collective history, especially achieved through the universe of the village and the factory; on the other hand, the inner and personal history dealing with aspects of his most intérnate experience in themes such as love or the function of poetry.  Paraules clau: Miquel Martí i Pol; poesia existencial; poesia catalana contemporània

  17. La melancolía en Amistad funesta de José Martí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ainhoa Segura Zariquiegui

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Existe una multitud de formas de acercarnos a la obra literaria de José Martí. En esta ocasión, se va mostrar de qué forma está impregnado el concepto de melancolía en su novela Amistad funesta. El análisis trata de ofrecer una nueva mirada sobre este texto gracias a la aplicación de las herramientas de la literatura comparada. Lucía Jerez se va a casar con su primo John, pero aparece Sol, una joven muy hermosa que hace estallar el conflicto entre los protagonistas. Tras el análisis de la historia de la melancolía en la literatura de Occidente, se comprueba cómo este concepto se mantiene arraigado en el Modernismo y, más concretamente, en esta obra de José Martí.

  18. Dokumentationsprojektet: Kommunernes omstilling til øget inklusion pr. marts 2014

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dyssegaard, Camilla Brørup; Baviskar, Siddhartha; Lausten, Mette;

    Denne rapport udgør en redegørelse for status på inklusionsprocessen i tolv danske kommuner pr. marts 2014. Den samlede undersøgelse, der går under navnet "Dokumentationsprojektet", løber i tre år og blev givet til et konsortium bestående af Aarhus Universitet og SFI den 16. januar 2013.......Denne rapport udgør en redegørelse for status på inklusionsprocessen i tolv danske kommuner pr. marts 2014. Den samlede undersøgelse, der går under navnet "Dokumentationsprojektet", løber i tre år og blev givet til et konsortium bestående af Aarhus Universitet og SFI den 16. januar 2013....

  19. José Martí, Viajes y Apreciación del Pueblo Maya

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Eduardo Bojórquez Urzaiz

    2015-01-01

    Este trabajo expone y examina los cambios de percepción que experimentó José Martí sobre el papel de los pueblos originarios de América, entre 1875 y 1878, años en los que vivió en México y Guatemala, con intensa escala en Yucatán, lugares donde conoció directamente la cultura y el pueblo maya. Martí resume una visión inicial de nuestra América en la figura lítica de Chacmool cuando después de ser expropiada por el gobierno yucateco, el Apóstol cubano la admira en la ciudad de Mérida y expres...

  20. The BioMart community portal: An innovative alternative to large, centralized data repositories

    OpenAIRE

    Smedley, Damian; Haider, Syed; Durinck, Steffen; Pandini, Luca; Provero, Paolo; Allen, James; Arnaiz, Olivier; Awedh, Mohammad Hamza; Baldock, Richard; Barbiera, Giulia; Bardou, Philippe; Beck, Tim; Blake, Andrew; Bonierbale, Merideth; Brookes, Anthony J

    2015-01-01

    The BioMart Community Portal (www.biomart.org) is a community-driven effort to provide a unified interface to biomedical databases that are distributed worldwide. The portal provides access to numerous database projects supported by 30 scientific organizations. It includes over 800 different biological datasets spanning genomics, proteomics, model organisms, cancer data, ontology information and more. All resources available through the portal are independently administered and funded by thei...

  1. Non-fermented and fermented jabuticaba (Myrciaria cauliflora Mart.) pomaces as valuable sources of functional ingredients

    OpenAIRE

    Morales, Patricia; Barros, Lillian; Dias, Maria Inês; Santos-Buelga, Celestino; FERREIRA, ISABEL C.F.R.; Ramirez Asquieri, Eduardo; Berrios, José De J.

    2016-01-01

    abuticaba (Myrciaria cauliflora. Mart) is a highly perishable fruit native to Brazil, which is consumed both fresh and industrially processed in the form of juices, jams, wines and distilled liqueurs. This processing generates a large amount of waste by-products, which represent approximately 50% of the fruit weight. The by-products are of interest for obtaining valuable bioactive compounds that could be used as nutraceuticals or functional ingredients. In this study, fermented and non-fermen...

  2. Martínez Sanabria en un país de artesanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jimena Montaña Cuéllar

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available De la arquitectura orgánica a la arquitectura del lugar en las casas Wilkie (1962 y Calderón (1963 de Fernando Martínez Sanabria. Germán Darío Rodríguez Botero. Universidad Nacional de Colombia (Sede Bogotá, Facultad de Artes, Colección Punto aparte, Bogotá, 2007, 232 págs.

  3. Mart Laar murrab ikkagi Andrus Ansipi valitsusse / Tuuli Koch, Kai Kalamees

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koch, Tuuli

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 28. märts 2007, lk. 2. Koalitsiooniläbirääkimistel Reformierakonna, IRL-i ja SDE vahel kujunes tüliõunaks haridusministri koht, mida soovivad nii Peeter Kreitzberg kui Tõnis Lukas. Mart Laar võib saada kaitseministriks. Lisa: Võimalik uus valitsus ja riigikogu juhatus. Vt. samas: Savisaar: rohelistele näidati ust, sest nad nõudsid võrdset kohtlemist

  4. Martínez Sanabria en un país de artesanos

    OpenAIRE

    Jimena Montaña Cuéllar

    2011-01-01

    De la arquitectura orgánica a la arquitectura del lugar en las casas Wilkie (1962) y Calderón (1963) de Fernando Martínez Sanabria. Germán Darío Rodríguez Botero. Universidad Nacional de Colombia (Sede Bogotá), Facultad de Artes, Colección Punto aparte, Bogotá, 2007, 232 págs.

  5. Antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of 'açaí' (Euterpe precatoria Mart.)

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Lúcia Q. A. Galotta; Maria Amélia D. Boaventura; LUCIANA A.R.S. LIMA

    2008-01-01

    Decoction of roots of the Amazonian palm açaí (Euterpe precatoria Mart.) is widely used by Brazilian and Peruvian people as an anti-inflammatory, to heal kidney and liver diseases and against snake bites. In this study, the antioxidant activity of extracts and flavonoids (quercetin, catechin, epicatechin, rutin and astilbin) isolated from roots and leaf stalks of E. precatoria was investigated using β-carotene in TLC plates and DPPH radical scavenging in a spectrophotometric bioassay. Al...

  6. Disain tähendab julgust tavapärasest erineda / Mart Jõhvikas ; interv. Ketlin Priilinn

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõhvikas, Mart

    2007-01-01

    Pehmet disainmööblit tootva firma Borg OÜ juhataja Mart Jõhvikas tutvustab firma poolt pakutavat mööblit ja kasutatavaid materjale. 60% ulatuses valmistatakse mööblit eriprojektide järgi restoranidele, hotellidele, klubidele ja kohvikutele, ülejäänud toodang jõuab kodudesse läbi sisearhitektide ja edasimüüjate

  7. Martín de Andújar y la Virgen de los Afligidos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Rodríguez Morales

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El arquitecto y escultor Martín de Andújar Cantos se estableció entre 1634 y 1641 en Canarias procedente de Sevilla, donde se había formado a la sombra del maestro Juan Martínez Montañés. Con él llegaron a las Islas los novedosos planteamientos de la escuela hispalense de imaginería y también los modos de trabajo que regían sus obradores, que pudo trasmitir a aprendices locales en Garachico. La localización en las escribanías tinerfeñas de un documento inédito nos permite respaldar su autoría respecto a la desaparecida imagen de la Virgen de los Afligidos, que realizó junto al Nazareno para la Orden Tercera del Convento franciscano de Los Realejos en 1637.The architect and sculptor Martín de Andújar Cantos moved from Seville, where he had worked under the guidance of Juan Martínez Montañés, to the Canary Islands, where he lived from 1634 to 1641. Novel proposals from the Seville School of religious imagery arrived with him at the islands, as well as the new working methods employed at his workshopds, which he was able to transmit to the Garachico local apprentices. The finding at the Island’s Court Clerkships of an unpublished document allows us to back his authorship of the dissapeared image of the Virgen de los Afligidos, made next to the Nazarene in 1637 by commission of the Third Order of Los Realejos franciscan convent.

  8. The antibody response against MART-1 differs in patients with melanoma-associated leucoderma and vitiligo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teulings, Hansje-Eva; Willemsen, Karin J; Glykofridis, Iris; Krebbers, Gabrielle; Komen, Lisa; Kroon, Marije W; Kemp, E Helen; Wolkerstorfer, Albert; van der Veen, J P Wietze; Luiten, Rosalie M; Tjin, Esther P M

    2014-11-01

    Patients with melanoma may develop skin depigmentation spontaneously or following therapy, referred to as melanoma-associated leucoderma (MAL). As clinical presentation of MAL may precede primary/metastatic melanoma detection, recognition of MAL is important to prevent its misdiagnosis as vitiligo and the subsequent application of immunosuppressive treatment. To reveal the immunity involved in MAL development, we investigated the presence of antibody and T-cell immune responses directed against the melanocyte-differentiation-antigens MART-1 (Melan-A), tyrosinase and gp100 in patients with MAL, as compared to patients with vitiligo. Autoantibodies to gp100 and tyrosinase were commonly found in both diseases. Interestingly, MART-1 antibodies were only present in patients with MAL. Melanocyte antigen-specific T cells were found in all patients, with relatively more specific T cells in patients with active vitiligo. Although MAL and vitiligo may appear clinically similar, our results indicate that the humoral immune responses against MART-1 differ between these diseases, which can help to differentiate MAL from vitiligo.

  9. El Profesor Académico, Dr. Pablo Gómez Martínez.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoilo Cuéllar-Montoya

    2007-12-01

    Más adelante, en la misma Presidencia de la Academia del Profesor Pedro José Almánzar Vargas (1963 – 1965, fue promovido Gómez Martínez a la categoría de Miembro de Número(2,10 con el trabajo “Ilio-cisto-plastia con colgajo sero-muscular invertido y reconstrucción de vejigas funcionales” (2,11. En la sesión ordinaria de la Academia del día 12 de marzo de 1964, el Académico Correspondiente Gómez Martínez presentó el trabajo mencionado(2,12 y, en la sesión ordinaria del día 14 de mayo de 1964, en virtud de haber quedado vacantes las sillas de los Señores Académicos de Número Jaime Jaramillo Arango, fallecido en Bogotá, el 31 de julio de 1962(2,13, Manuel José Luque Guevara, retirado por precarias condiciones de salud(2,14, y Fernando Torres Restrepo, trasladado definitivamente a los Estados Unidos(2,15, la Academia, en votación secreta, eligió, como Miembros de Número, a los Señores Académicos Correspondientes Pablo Gómez Martínez, Alfredo Artunduaga y J. Hernando Hernández Garay(2,16...

  10. Functional Behavior Pattern for Data Mart Based on the Attribute Relativity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Paulraj

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The growing need for huge volume of data in enterprise and corporate environment, fuel the demand of data warehousing. Data warehousing collects the data at different levels (i.e., departmental, operational, functional and stored as a collective data repository with better storage efficiency. Various data warehousing models concentrate on storing the data more efficiently and quickly. In addition accessibility of data from the warehouse needs better understanding of the structure in which the data layers are stored in the repository. However function requirements of users are not easily understood by the data warehouse model. It needs efficient decision support system to extract the required user demanded data from data warehouse. To handle the issue of functional decision support system to extract user relevant data, data marts are introduced. Data marts built separate functional data repository layers based on the departmental decision support requirements in the enterprise and corporate data applications. In our research work, we plan to built a Functional Layer Interfaced Data Mart Architecture (FLIDMA to provide a better decision support system for larger corporate and enterprise data applications. In this work, the functional behavior of the corporate system is analyzed, based on its operational goal to build layers of data storage repositories with relevant data attributes using functional behavior pattern (FBP. An experimental evaluation is conducted with benchmark datasets from UCI repository data sets and compared with existing multi-functional data warehousing model in terms of number of functional data attributes, attribute relativity, analysis of functional behavior.

  11. Integration of Simulink, MARTe and MDSplus for rapid development of real-time applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manduchi, G., E-mail: gabriele.manduchi@igi.cnr.it [Consorzio RFX (CNR, ENEA, INFN, Università di Padova, Acciaierie Venete SpA), Padova (Italy); Luchetta, A.; Taliercio, C. [Consorzio RFX (CNR, ENEA, INFN, Università di Padova, Acciaierie Venete SpA), Padova (Italy); Neto, A.; Sartori, F. [Fusion for Energy, Barcelona (Spain); De Tommasi, G. [Fusion for Energy, Barcelona (Spain); Consorzio CREATE/DIETI, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Via Claudio 21, 80125 Napoli (Italy)

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • The integration of two frameworks for real-time control and data acquisition is described. • The integration may significantly fasten the development of system components. • The system includes also a code generator for the integration of code written in Simulink. • A real-time control systemcan be implemented without the need of writing any line of code. - Abstract: Simulink is a graphical data flow programming tool for modeling and simulating dynamic systems. A component of Simulink, called Simulink Coder, generates C code from Simulink diagrams. MARTe is a framework for the implementation of real-time systems, currently in use in several fusion experiments. MDSplus is a framework widely used in the fusion community for the management of data. The three systems provide a solution to different facets of the same process, that is, real-time plasma control development. Simulink diagrams will describe the algorithms used in control, which will be implemented as MARTe GAMs and which will use parameters read from and produce results written to MDSplus pulse files. The three systems have been integrated in order to provide a tool suitable to speed up the development of real-time control applications. In particular, it will be shown how from a Simulink diagram describing a given algorithm to be used in a control system, it is possible to generate in an automated way the corresponding MARTe and MDSplus components that can be assembled to implement the target system.

  12. RESPON LINGKUNGAN BELANJA SEBAGAI STIMULUS PEMBELIAN TIDAK BERENCANA PADA MINI MARKET MAMI MART PAINAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mareta Kemala Sari

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Research planning not purchase the mami mini market mart visits from customer response to environmental spending as a stimulus, a customer case study on mini market mart mom Painan. Research using response variables shopping environment consisting of Pleasure, Arousal, Dominance.as mediator variable, hedonic shopping value, utilitarian shopping value, resources expenditure on the purchase was not planned (Impulse Buying. Data were collected using questionnaires distributed during the 2 weeks to the respondents who never shop at mini market. The study population is that they all are a mini market mami mart customers aged 18-55 years and have never shopped with a minimum of 2 times the transaction, the methods used by the descriptive analysis, and processing research model with smartPLS program. Mengunggapkan research results that the response variable dominance shopping environment positive effect on resources expenditure. Shopping environment arousal response variable positive effect on resources expenditure. Also revealed that spending resources poengalaman variable expenditure not a mediator between the response variable shopping environment and other variables shopping experience, as well as the negative effect on the purchase was not planned. But the expenditure of resources affect the shopping experience more variables such as the hedonic shopping value, utilitarian shopping value, resources expenditure

  13. MART-10 represses cholangiocarcinoma cell growth and high vitamin D receptor expression indicates better prognosis for cholangiocarcinoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiang, Kun-Chun; Yeh, Ta-Sen; Huang, Cheng-Cheng; Chang, Yu-Chan; Juang, Horng-Heng; Cheng, Chi-Tung; Pang, Jong-Hwei S.; Hsu, Jun-Te; Takano, Masashi; Chen, Tai C.; Kittaka, Atsushi; Hsiao, Michael; Yeh, Chun-Nan

    2017-01-01

    Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a devastating disease due to no effective treatments available. Since the non-mineral functions of vitamin D emerges, 1α,25(OH)2D3, the active form of vitamin D, has been applied in anti-cancer researches. In this study, we demonstrated that both the 1α,25(OH)2D3 analog, MART-10, and 1α,25(OH)2D3 possessed anti-growth effect on human CCA cells with MART-10 much more potent than 1α,25(OH)2D3. The growth inhibition of both drugs were mediated by induction of G0/G1 cell cycle arrest through upregulation of p27 and downregulation of CDK4, CDK6, and cyclin D3. Human neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (NGAL) was found to be involved in 1α,25(OH)2D3 and MART-10 meditated growth inhibition for CCA as knockdown of NGAL decreased Ki-67 expression in SNU308 cells and rendered SNU308 cells less responsive to 1α,25(OH)2D3 and MART-10 treatment. Vitamin D receptor (VDR) knockdown partly abolished MART-10-induced inhibition of NGAL and cell growth in SNU308 cells. The xenograft animal study demonstrated MART-10 could effectively repressed CCA growth in vivo without inducing obvious side effects. The IHC examination of human CCA specimen for VDR revealed that higher VDR expression was linked with better prognosis. Collectively, our results suggest that MART-10 could be a promising regimen for CCA treatment. PMID:28256614

  14. Vigencia Política de José Martí

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luisa Laviana Cuetos

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Semblanza del escritor y político cubano José Martí (1853-1895, con especial atención a la vigencia de su pensamiento ético, base de su permanente actualidad. Martí fue el organizador y líder de la última guerra americana contra el colonialismo europeo clásico, pero el sentido profundo que dio a esa lucha la convirtió en una verdadera guerra de liberación nacional: el primer movimiento concreto contra el imperialismo. Entre los rasgos más originales del pensamiento martiano están: la proclamación de la igualdad de razas; la búsqueda de la superación de las diferencias de clase mediante el equilibrio de las fuerzas sociales; la reivindicación de la solidaridad hacia los humildes como un deber; la predicación de una “guerra sin odios”, que debía ser obra del pueblo y no de líderes; la comprensión y definición de Nuestra América; la insistencia en la necesidad de una descolonización cultural latinoamericana; y el antiimperialismo.   This paper is a sketch of the Cuban writer and politician José Martí (1853-1895, with special attention to the validity of his ethical thinking, which is the basis of his permanent relevance. Martí was the organizer and leader of the last American war against European colonialism, but the deep commitment he made to that struggle turned it into a war of national liberation, the first concrete movement against imperialism. Among the most original features of Martí’s thought are the proclamation of the equality of races; the search for overcoming class differences through the balance of social forces; solidarity with the poor being considered a duty; the preaching of a “war without hates” that must be the work of the people, its leaders; the comprehension and definition of Our America; the insistence on the need, throughout Latin America, of cultural decolonization; and an anti-imperialistic stance.

  15. MART-1 adenovirus-transduced dendritic cell immunization in a murine model of metastatic central nervous system tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broder, Howard; Anderson, Andrea; Kremen, Thomas J; Odesa, Sylvia K; Liau, Linda M

    2003-01-01

    Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen-presenting cells that have been shown to play a critical role in the initiation of host immune responses against tumor antigens. In this study, a recombinant adenovirus vector encoding the melanoma-associated antigen, MART-1, was used to transduce murine DCs, which were then tested for their ability to activate cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and induce protective immunity against B16 melanoma tumor cells implanted intracranially. Genetic modifications of murine bone marrow-derived DCs to express MART-1 was achieved through the use of an E1-deficient, recombinant adenovirus vector. Sixty-two C57BL/6 mice were immunized subcutaneously with AdVMART-1-transduced DCs (n = 23), untransduced DCs (n = 17), or sterile saline (n = 22). Using the B16 murine melanoma, which naturally expresses the MART-1 antigen, all the mice were then challenged intracranially with viable, unmodified syngeneic B16 tumor cells 7 days later. Splenocytes from representative animals in each group were harvested for standard cytotoxicity (CTL) and enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assays. The remaining mice were followed for survival. Immunization of C57BL/6 mice with DCs transduced with an adenoviral vector encoding the MART-1 antigen elicited the development of antigen-specific CTL responses. As evidenced by a prolonged survival curve when compared to control-immunized mice with intracranial B16 tumors, AdMART-1-DC vaccination was able to elicit partial protection against central nervous system tumor challenge in vivo.

  16. The immunodominant HLA-A2-restricted MART-1 epitope is not presented on the surface of many melanoma cell lines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Rikke Baek; Junker, Niels; Kirkin, Alexei;

    2009-01-01

    of the melanoma cells with the MART-1 epitope. Thus, the very frequently used MART-1 epitope was not expressed on the surface of many melanoma cell lines. Our data emphasize that the selected tumor antigens and/or epitopes are critical for the outcome of anti-cancer immunotherapy....

  17. Antioxidant activity of extracts and condensed tannins from Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reiss; Atividade antioxidante de extratos e taninos condensados das folhas de Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reiss

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pessuto, Monica Bordin; Costa, Isis Casemiro da; Souza, Angelita Boldieri de; Nicoli, Fernanda Michely; Mello, Joao Carlos Palazzo de [Universidade Estadual de Maringa (UEM), PR (Brazil). Dept. de Farmacia e Farmacologia]. E-mail: mello@uem.br; Petereit, Frank [Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet, Muenster (Germany). Inst. for Pharmaceutical Biology and Phytochemistry; Luftmann, Heinrich [Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet, Muenster (Germany). Inst. for Organic Chemistry

    2009-07-01

    Maytenus ilicifolia Mart. ex Reiss. Maytenus ilicifolia (Celastraceae) is a native plant of South America and popularly known as 'espinheira-santa'. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant capacity of extracts and isolated compounds from this plant. The antioxidant activity of the crude and semipurified extracts and isolated compounds was evaluated through DPPH-radical and phosphomolybdenum-complex assays. By both methods, the ethyl-acetate fraction demonstrated better antioxidant capacity compared with vitamin C and trolox. In the compounds, the higher the number of hydroxyls, the greater the antioxidant activity. In addition, stereochemistry influenced antioxidant activity, i.e., compounds with 2 R,3 R showed greater activity than those with 2 R,3 S. (author)

  18. Chemical constituents from roots and leaf stalks of acai (Euterpe precatoria Mart., Arecaceae); Constituintes quimicos da raiz e do talo da folha do acai (Euterpe precatoria Mart., Arecaceae)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galotta, Ana Lucia Queiroz de Assis [Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Manaus, AM (Brazil). Inst. de Ciencias Exatas. Dept. de Quimica; Boaventura, Maria Amelia Diamantino [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica]. E-mail: dianadb@dedalus.lcc.ufmg.br

    2005-07-15

    Phytochemical investigation of the hexane, ethyl acetate and methanolic extracts of roots and leaf stalks of Euterpe precatoria Mart. (acai), afforded stigmast-4-en-6{beta}-ol-3-one (3); p-hydroxy benzoic acid (4); 3{beta}-O-D-glucopyranosyl-sitosterol (5); {beta}-sitosterol palmitate (6); mixtures of {beta}-sitosterol and stigmasterol (1 and 2), {alpha}-, {beta}-amyrin and lupeol (7, 8 and 9), friedelin-3-one and 28-hydroxy-friedelin-3-one (10 and 11) and {alpha}-, {beta}-D-glucose (12, 13). Except for 1, 2 and 4, the other isolated constituents are described in the genus for the first time. Compounds 3 and 5 gave good results in the brine shrimp bioassay, which detects compounds with potential uses as antitumor agents, pesticides, etc.. (author)

  19. Insetos visitantes de gomas exsudadas por Terminalia argentea Mart & Zucc (Combretaceae Visiting insects of exudated gums by Terminalia argentea Mart. & Zucc (Combretaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Boff

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Uma das fontes efêmeras de alimento que os insetos podem utilizar são as gomas exsudadas por plantas. No mês de maio de 2005, em uma área de cerrado no município de Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, foram observados insetos visitando as estruturas de exsudação em um indivíduo de Terminalia agentea Mart & Zucc (Combretaceae. Foram registradas 19 espécies, principalmente Trigona branneri (Cockerell e Mesembrinella bicolor (Fabricius. Todos os visitantes foram observados coletando ou ingerindo a goma exsudada. Observações sobre o horário de visitação e comportamento das espécies mais abundantes são relatadas. As amostras de exsudatos apresentaram baixa concentração de proteínas e açucares redutores e alta concentração de carboidratos complexos, permitindo inferir que os visitantes de T. argentea buscam na goma um recurso alimentar de alta massa molecular que contribui para o armazenamento de reservas energéticas.One of the ephemeral food sources that insects may use is the exudated gums from plants. In May 2005, in an area of Cerrado from Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, insects visiting an exudation structure of an individual of Terminalia argentea Mart & Zucc (Combretaceae were observed. Nineteen species were identified, mainly Trigona branneri (Cockerel and Mesembrinella bicolor (Fabricius. All visitors had been observed collecting or ingesting the gum. Visitation time and behavior of the most abundant species were reported. Samples of exudates showed a low concentration of proteins and reducing sugars and high concentration of complex carbohydrate, allowing infer that visitors of T. argentea seek the gum a food resource of high molecular weight that contributes to the storage of energy reserves.

  20. Chemical Characterization and Cytoprotective Effect of the Hydroethanol Extract from Annona coriacea Mart. (Araticum)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Júnior, José G. A. S.; Coutinho, Henrique D. M.; Boris, Ticiana C. C.; Cristo, Janyketchuly S.; Pereira, Nara L. F.; Figueiredo, Fernando G.; Cunha, Francisco A. B.; Aquino, Pedro E. A.; Nascimento, Polyana A. C.; Mesquita, Francisco J. C.; Moreira, Paulo H. F.; Coutinho, Sáskia T. B.; Souza, Ivon T.; Teixeira, Gabriela C.; Ferreira, Najla M. N.; Farina, Eleonora O.; Torres, Cícero M. G.; Holanda, Vanderlan N.; Pereira, Vandbergue S.; Guedes, Maria I. F.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Annona coriacea Mart. (araticum) is a widely distributed tree in the cerrado. Its value is attributed principally to the consumption of its fruit which possesses a large nutritive potential. The objective was to identify the chemical profile and evaluate the antimicrobial and cytoprotective activity of the hydroethanol extract of A. coriacea Mart. (HEAC) leaves against the toxicity of mercury chloride. Materials and Methods: The characterization of components was carried out using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined by microdilution method in broth with strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. For evaluation of the modulatory and cytoprotective activity of aminoglycoside antibiotics (gentamicin and amikacin) and mercury chloride (HgCl2), the substances were associated with the HEAC at subinhibitory concentrations (MIC/8). Results and Discussion: The HPLC analysis revealed the presence of flavonoids such as Luteolin (1.84%) and Quercetin (1.19%) in elevated concentrations. The HEAC presented an MIC ≥512 μg/mL and significant antagonistic action in aminoglycosides modulation, and it also showed cytoprotective activity to S. aureus (significance P metal with significance, this action being attributed to the chelating properties of the flavonoids found in the chemical identification. Conclusions: The results acquired in this study show that the HEAC presents cytoprotective activity over the tested strains in vitro and can also present antagonistic effect when associated with aminoglycosides, reinforcing the necessity of taking caution when combining natural and pharmaceutical products. SUMMARY The hydroalcoholic extract of A. coriacea Mart. presents in vitro cytoprotective activity against the toxic effect of Hg. Abbreviations Used: HPLC-DAD: High-performance liquid chromatography with a diode array detector; MIC: Minimum inhibitory concentration

  1. The 1793 eruption of San Martín Tuxtla volcano, Veracruz, Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espíndola, J. M.; Zamora-Camacho, A.; Godinez, M. L.; Schaaf, P.; Rodríguez, S. R.

    2010-11-01

    San Martín Tuxtla (N18.562°; W95.199°, 1659 masl) is a basaltic volcano located in southern Veracruz, a Mexican State bordering the Gulf of Mexico. It rises in a volcanic field strewn with monogenetic volcanic cones, maars and three other large volcanoes mostly dormant since the late Pliocene: Santa Marta, San Martín Pajapan and Cerro El Vigía. The latest eruptive event of San Martín occurred in 1793 and was described by Don José Mariano Moziño, a naturalist under the commission of the Viceroy of the then New Spain. In this work we present results of the study of this eruption based on historical accounts and field observations. We identified an ash deposit around the volcano related to the 1793 eruption, mapped its distribution and determined its granulometric, petrographic and geochemical characteristics. These studies suggest that the volcano began its activity with explosive phreatomagmatic explosions, which were followed by Strombolian activity; this period lasting from March to October 1793. The activity continued with an effusive phase that lasted probably 2 years. The eruption covered an area of about 480 km 2 with at least 1 cm of ash; the fines reaching distances greater than 300 km from the crater. A total mass of about 2.5 × 10 14 g was ejected and the volcanic columns probably reached altitudes of the order of 10 km during the most explosive phases. The lava emitted formed a coulee that descended the northern flank of the volcano and has an approximate volume of 2.0 × 10 7 m 3.

  2. Efectos centrales de los constituyentes de Mimosa opthalmocentra Mart. ex Benth

    OpenAIRE

    Batista,Leônia Maria; Nóbrega de Almeida, Reinaldo

    1997-01-01

    La fracción conteniendo los alcaloides totales (FTA) obtenidos de Mimosa opthalmocentra Mart. ex Benth. en dosis de 50 y 100 mg/kg por vía intraperitoneal (v. ip.) y N, N- Dimetiltriptamina (DMT) en dosis de 32,64 y 128 mg/kg (v. ip.) produjo, en ratones, el "síndrome serotonérgico". En el caso de hordenina, el otro compuesto obtenido de M. Opthalmocentra, no mostró diferencias significativas en relación a los animales del grupo utilizado como control. En los ratones tratados con quetanserina...

  3. Group process and the power issue in Martín-Baró

    OpenAIRE

    Sueli Terezinha Ferreira Martins

    2003-01-01

    O presente artigo trata da concepção de processo grupal e poder social enfocada por Martín-Baró.¹ O autor retoma a concepção de grupo presente no trabalho de Sílvia Lane, quando considera os aspectos pessoais, as características grupais, a vivência subjetiva e realidade objetiva e o caráter histórico do grupo. Na perspectiva da psicologia social, segundo o autor, é muito mais relevante a análise do papel do poder na vida cotidiana, no dia-a-dia das pessoas, do que se centrar nos acontecimento...

  4. Ezequiel Martínez Estrada: el profesor al servicio de las ideas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Lourdes Gasillón

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Ezequiel Martínez Estrada was an important essayist in the cultural field thanks to to his descriptions and analyses of Argentine and Latin American reality. However, he also reflected on Argentine and foreign intellectuals and he worked as a teacher. In this paper, we focus on the compilation En torno a Kafka y otros ensayos [Regarding Kafka, and other essays] to establish a connection between his concept of education and the writer's own teaching practice, starting from his literary influences, Franz Kafka and Pedro Henríquez Ureña

  5. Complete {sup 1}H and {sup 13}C NMR assignments of isojuripidine from Solanum asterophorum Mart

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Tania M.S.; Costa, Rodrigo A.; Oliveira, Eduardo J.; Barbosa-Filho, Jose M.; Agra, Maria F.; Camara, Celso A. [Universidade Federal da Paraiba, Joao Pessoa, PB (Brazil). Lab. de Tecnologia Farmaceutica]. E-mail: sarmento@ltf.ufpb.br

    2005-11-15

    Isojuripidine was isolated from the aerial parts of Solanum astherophorum Mart. Its structure was determined using a combination of homo- (1D {sup 1}H NMR, {sup 13}C NMR-HBBD and {sup 13}C NMRDEPT) and heteronuclear 2D NMR techniques ({sup 1}H-{sup 1}H-COSY, {sup 1}H-{sup 1}H-NOESY, HSQC, HMBC), and HREIMS. The unambiguous assignments of {sup 1}H and {sup 13}C NMR data of derivatives 3-N,6-Odiacetyl- isojuripidine and 3-N-cinnamoyl-isojuripidine are described. (author)

  6. Pharmacological studies of ethanolic extracts of Maytenus rigida Mart (Celastraceae) in animal models

    OpenAIRE

    Santos,Vanda Lucia dos; Costa,Viviam Bruna Machado; Agra,Maria de Fátima; Silva, Bagnólia Araújo da; Batista, Leônia Maria

    2007-01-01

    The crude ethanol extract (EEOH) of the bark of Maytenus rigida Mart (Celastraceae) a plant used in Brazil herbal traditional medicine, was tested for anti-inflammatory, antiulcer and antidiarrhoeal activities in animal models. No acute toxicological sign was observed in animals treated with the highest dose (5000 mg/kg, p.o. or 2000 mg/kg i.p.) of EEOH. The extract doses of 250, 500 or 750 mg/kg revealed a significant inhibitory effect (P < 0,01) in carrageenin-induced rat paw oedema and exh...

  7. Avaliação da atividade antimicrobiana de Maytenus rigida Mart. (Celastraceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Santos,V.L.; M.F.V. Souza; L.M. Batista; Silva,B.A.; LIMA, M. S.; Souza,A.M.F; F.C Barbosa; R.M.R. Catão

    2011-01-01

    A realização de estudos farmacológicos é fundamental para comprovar a eficácia do uso de plantas medicinais pela população para o tratamento de doenças e descobrir novos fitoterápicos. Esse estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o potencial antimicrobiano do extrato etanólico e fase acetato de etila do bom nome (Maytenus rigida Mart.) sobre Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, 3 amostras de Staphylococcus aureus multirresistentes isoladas de pacientes com infecções nosocomiais, Escherichia coli ATCC ...

  8. Anatomical studies on water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms) under the influence of textile wastewater

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms) is a prolific free floating aquatic macrohpyte found in tropical and subtropical parts of the earth. The effects of pollutants from textile wastewater on the anatomy of the plant were studied. Water hyacinth exhibits hydrophytic adaptations which include reduced epidermis cells lacking cuticle in most cases, presence of large air spaces (7~50 μm), reduced vascular tissue and absorbing structures. Textile waste significantly affected the size of root cells.The presence of raphide crystals was noted in parenchyma cells of various organs in treated plants.

  9. Martín Heidegger: crítica al concepto hegeliano de experiencia (segunda parte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo García-Aguilar

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo retomar la temática expuesta por Martín Heidegger, en su artículo “El concepto hegeliano de experiencia”, para rescatar sus reflexiones en el campo de la ontología. Se busca abrir nuevamente la discusión en un mundo metafísico donde se consolida lo que el autor llama “la imagen del mundo”, y donde se considera esta, erróneamente, como la única forma de enfrentarse y apoderarse de la realidad.

  10. Eesti Vabariigi avaldus [13. 07.1994] / Lennart Meri, Ülo Nugis, Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meri, Lennart, 1929-2006

    1994-01-01

    Avaldus seoses Vene vägede väljaviimisega. Ilmunud ka: The Monthly Survey of Baltic and Post-Soviet Politics (1994) juuli, lk. 46, pealkiri: Statement of the Republic of Estonia ; Eesti Sõnumid, 14. juuli, lk. 1, Postimees, 14. juuli, lk. 1, pealkiri: Eesti Vabariigi avaldus ; Эстония, 14. juuli, lk. 1, pealk.: Заявление Эстонской Республики. - Allkiri: Lennart Meri, Ülo Nugis, Mart Laar

  11. La deconstrucción de la historia en Martes de carnaval

    OpenAIRE

    Cardona, Rodolfo

    2015-01-01

    La génesis de esta obra es curiosa y significativa. Empieza con la publicación en la revista La Pluma de El esperpento de los cuernos de Don Friolera que apareció en los números del 11 al 15 correspondientes a los meses de abril a agosto de 1921. Su primera edicion en forma de libro apareció en el Volumen XVII de la Opera omnia y salió a luz el 20 de abril de 1925. El volumen XVII fue relevado por un tomo de la misma Opera omnia titulado Martes de carnaval, fechado 3 de junio de 1930. En este...

  12. Uso tradicional, manejo e processamento da piaçava da Bahia (Attalea funifera Mart.)

    OpenAIRE

    Pimentel, Noara Modesto

    2015-01-01

    A palmeira de piaçava (Attalea funifera Mart.) é endêmica do Bioma Mata Atlântica, ocorre no litoral da Bahia, Brasil, seus PFNMs são utilizados antes da chegada dos portugueses na costa brasileira, por comunidades indígenas. Esse conhecimento tradicional rapidamente foi repassado aos colonizadores e aos negros Africanos. Atualmente a espécie já é cultivada em grandes plantações e o extrativismo mantido pelas populações negras residentes na região, agricultores familiares e comunidades quilom...

  13. Entrevista a Rafael Martínez Raymonda, sobre la figura de Lisandro de la Torre

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Raymonda, Rafael; Toschi, Damián

    2010-01-01

    Rafael Martínez Raymonda, secretario general del partido Demócrata Progresista, es entrevistado por Damián Toschi para el programa "Derecho de autor" con motivo de los 142 años del nacimiento de Lisandro de la Torre, fundador del partido y político fundamental del siglo XX. Lisandro de la Torre: Nació el 6 de diciembre de 1868 en Santa Fe y se suicidó el 5 de enero de 1939 en Buenos Aires.

  14. The population structure and the individual forms of Waterhyacinth, Eichhornia crassips (Mart.) Solms, in Thailand.

    OpenAIRE

    OSADA, MASAO; OKINO, TOKIO

    1986-01-01

    Certain ecological characteristics of the Waterhyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms population were studied in Thailand in 1982, in order to gain a basic knowledge for its use as a bio-resource in the future. The waters were eutrophic in the study area, where the Waterhyacinth population prospered. The biomass and the Leaf Area Index of Waterhyacinth population showed large values ranging from 1.18 to 2.32 kg d.w./㎡ and from 5.1 to 7.1 ㎡ /㎡ , retpectively. The diagram of the productiv...

  15. Los idearios pedagógicos de José Martí y Amado Nervo

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Vigne Pacheco

    2008-01-01

    Estos dos escritores importantes del Modernismo latinoamericano se interesaron enormemente por la pedagogía y la educación en general de los niños de sus países respectivos. Este artículo estudia sus producciones en este campo y señala las diferencias de enfoque y de soportes que cada autor utilizó para poner en práctica sus ideas. En Martí se manifiesta el deseo de despertar la curiosidad de sus pequeños lectores por medio de artículos y ficciones publicados en su revista infantil La Edad d...

  16. Wal-Mart en México, una trajectoria exitosa y sus causas

    OpenAIRE

    Durand, Cédric

    2009-01-01

    International audience; El caso de Wal-Mart en México es, sin duda, el fenómeno más avanzado de un proceso más largo de internacionalización de las grandes cadenas internacionales de comercio durante los años noventa, en particular en muchas regiones de la periferia. Este proceso es de importancia mayor en términos de reconfiguración de las economías locales tanto a nivel interno como a nivel de la integración internacional. El objetivo de este articulo es de proponer una lectura a nivel macr...

  17. La validez del pensamiento de Ignacio Martín-Baró

    OpenAIRE

    Bautista, Nelly Patricia

    2011-01-01

    El presente artículo explora las reflexiones del psicólogo social Ignacio Martín-Baró, a los veinte años de su asesinato, lo cual, lejos de borrar su pensamiento, resaltó la importancia y aplicabilidad de su método en la praxis psicosocial de latinoamericana. A través de sus textos, se observa una personalidad impregnada de fe y compromiso, manifestados en su proyecto transformador y liberador, basado en la utopía de la igualdad y la justicia social, que no son irreales, sino que evidencian l...

  18. Importancia agroecológica del coyul (Acrocomia mexicana Karw. ex Mart.)

    OpenAIRE

    Blanca C. Ramírez Hernández; Julia Zañudo Hernández; Javier E. García de Alba Verduzco; John Paul Délano Frier; Enrique Pimienta Barrios; Miguel Ángel García Martínez

    2013-01-01

    Acrocomia mexicana Karw. ex Mart. es una especie que se extiende desde el Pacífico mexicano hasta Centro y Sudamérica. El fruto (coyul) es apreciado desde la época prehispánica, sin embargo, su consumo ha disminuido frente a otros frutos nativos y así como de los introducidos con mayor aceptación en el mercado. Se realizó un estudio en San Blas, Nayarit, México, en el que se llevó a cabo la caracterización de un agroecosistema típico donde se explotan poblaciones silvestres y cultivadas de co...

  19. Inconsciente genérico, feminismo y Nubosidad variable de Carmen Martín Gaite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zecchi, Barbara

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available In a context of marked tensions between gynocritics and contemporary Spanish women writers, Carmen Martín Gaite’s novel Nubosidad variable (Variable Cloud,1992 stands out as a curious paradox. As is well known, Martín Gaite repeatedly declared not to be a feminist and even scorned women who fought for equality between both sexes. This article argues that Nubosidad variable, however, constitutes one of the best examples of a consciously feminist text. In this novel Martín Gaite applies some of the most prominent paradigms of feminist literary theory, such as the construction of a non-linear and a-chronological narration (Julia Kristeva, the attempt to create a “language of the body” (Helène Cixous, the foregrounding of a mother-daughter bond (Luisa Muraro, as well as the use of female writing as a means of self-discovery (Elaine Showalter.En un contexto de falta de comunicación entre ginocrítica y escritura femenina, la novela Nubosidad variable (1992 de Carmen Martín Gaite se presenta como una significativa paradoja. Si por un lado su autora declaró repetidas veces no ser feminista —y hasta menospreció con ironía a las mujeres que han luchado por la igualdad—, Nubosidad variable es una innegable aplicación de algunos de los más conocidos paradigmas de la teoría literaria feminista. Desde la narración no-lineal y atemporal que sigue el “tiempo de las mujeres” de Julia Kristeva, hasta el intento de crear una lengua del cuerpo a lo Hélène Cixous; desde el vínculo madre-hija teorizado por Luisa Muraro, hasta la escritura femenina como auto-descubrimiento de Elaine Showalter, esta novela representa uno de los mejores ejemplos, dentro de la narrativa contemporánea española, de lo que llamaría un texto conscientemente feminista.

  20. Exegi monumentum ehk palee Tallinnas / Siim Sultson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sultson, Siim

    2007-01-01

    Tallinnas Narva mnt. 7 endisest Tsentrosojuzprojektist ümber ehitatud Triumph Plazast (arhitektid Vilen Künnapu ja Ain Padrik). Maja kavandati 1981. a. büroohooneks (arhitektid Olga Bruns ja Mart Kalling). Kommenteerivad Mart Port, Dmitri Bruns, Kristiina Möldre ja Ain Padrik

  1. Histochemistry and infrared microspectroscopy of lignified tissue in young stems of Struthanthus vulgaris Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisely de Lima Oliveira

    Full Text Available In this study, we aimed to determine lignified tissue in young stems of Struthanthus vulgaris Mart. by infrared microspectroscopy and histochemical methods as well as by fluorescence microscopy. Struthanthus vulgaris Mart. is a mistletoe species that belongs to the Loranthaceae family. A brief anatomical description was also carried out. The first procedure for analysis was to elaborate anatomical cross sections (20-30 µm from young stems before and after treatment with NaOH 1%. This procedure was applied to release possible low molecular mass phenolic compounds. Safranin-astra blue was used to distinguish anatomical tissues while Wiesner test enabled verification of lignified pericyclic fibers. Infrared microspectroscopy analysis confirmed the presence of lignin in this region according to the following spectral signals: 1600 (shoulder, 1511, 1453, 1338 and 1244 cm-1. Analyses of the cross section of young stems under fluorescence microscopy before and after treatment with NaOH 1% allowed us to confirm the presence of low mass phenolic compounds in the region of pericyclic fibers.

  2. Analysis of bioactivities and chemical composition of Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. using HPLC-DAD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brito, Sharlene M O; Coutinho, Henrique D M; Talvani, Andre; Coronel, Cathia; Barbosa, Andreza G R; Vega, Celeste; Figueredo, Fernando G; Tintino, Saulo R; Lima, Luciene F; Boligon, Aline A; Athayde, Margareth L; Menezes, Irwin R A

    2015-11-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the chemical profile and antioxidant, antimicrobial and antiparasitic activities of the hydroalcoholic extract of the leaves of Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. (HELZJ). The antioxidant DPPH and FRAP assays and chemical profile were determined by colorimetric methods and HPLC/DAD. The antiparasitic, antibiotic and antibiotic-modifying activity were evaluated by microdilution assays. The HPLC-DAD assay showed the presence of mostly tannins and flavonoids, such as caffeic acid and quercetin. The levels of polyphenols and flavonoids were 183.136 mg/g extract and 7.37 mg/g extract, respectively. DPPH and FRAP showed low antioxidant activity for the extract. The antibacterial and antifungal activities were not of clinical relevance, showing MIC>1024 μg/mL. However, synergism was observed between HELZJ and the antibiotics amikacin and gentamicin, which resulted in decreased bacterial drug resistance. EHFZJ showed low toxicity in fibroblasts in vitro, while antiparasitic results against Trypnosoma cruzi, Leishmania braziliensis and Leishmania infantum were not clinically relevant. Thus, our results indicate that Z. joazeiro Mart. (HELZJ) could be a source of plant-derived natural products that could lead to the development of promising new antibiotic compounds for infectious diseases.

  3. Carmen Martín Gaite: la escritura terapéutica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Escartín Gual, Montserrat

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the therapeutic power of the written and oral communication, as well as the benefit of reading literary texts proposed by the narrative of Carmen Martín Gaite. If the author prioritized spoken communication in her first novels, with the passing of time, defended her narrative writing versus orality, making it the vehicle of choice for characters to communicate and ultimately for herself, to find the healing through the word.En este artículo se analiza el poder terapéutico de la comunicación oral y escrita, así como el beneficio de la lectura de textos literarios que propone la narrativa de Carmen Martín Gaite. Si la autora priorizó la comunicación hablada en su primeras novelas, con el paso del tiempo, su discurso narrativo defendió la escritura frente a la oralidad, convirtiéndola en el vehículo elegido por sus personajes para comunicarse y, en definitiva por ella misma, para buscar la curación a través de la palabra.

  4. Lutero y el luteranismo: El buzón postal Martín Lutero

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Ornelas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo explora la idea de que la comunicación social opera de manera acoplada con las conciencias de los seres humanos – pero no es generada por ellas – , y utiliza como ejemplo al reformador alemán Martín Lutero. El traslape de operaciones de la conciencia y de operaciones comunicativas – interpenetración – se hace posible por la distinción persona/actor, que se actualiza en la comunicación mediante esquemas (el esquema per sona y el esquema actor, el llamado buzón postal Martín Lutero. La postura de Lutero ante las principales controversias en que participó – las rebeliones campesinas (anabaptismo radical, el libre albedrío y el debate sacramental – , marcó el futuro de su mo vimiento de Reforma y estuvo orientada decisivamente por el esquema persona. El esquema persona y el esquema actor también permite diferenciar entre Lutero/persona y el luteranismo/doctrina.

  5. Una finestra sul passato: Irse de casa di Carmen Martín Gaite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulia Tosolini

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Beyond historical and social implications, migration represents the possibility of crossing a threshold and opening oneself up to new empirical and emotional spaces. Amparo, the main character of Carmen Martín Gaite’s Irse de casa (1998, is the perfect personification of the gaitian feminine canon. After leaving Spain and settling in New York, she became a successful fashion designer, and seemed happy and easy-going. The bond with memory and the past is the main topic of this novel, as it is in most of Martín Gaite’s production. The window on the past that Amparo closed moving to the US suddenly reappears when she needs to discover herself and her origins. This inconvenience in an anonymous life brings huge changes that will condition her and her loved ones. Travelling to Spain and interacting with places and people connected with her childhood, Amparo goes through the window she had closed forty years before, restoring the order. The window connects the present and the past, symbolizes the emigrant’s transience, personified in the novel by Amparo, who can definitely find the lost serenity and heart’s-ease.

  6. Wal-Mart, caballo de Troya de la globalización

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René Paul Desse

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Creada en 1962 por Sam Walton, una pequeña empresa de distribución norteamericana se convertirá rápidamente en la primera empresa mundial. Desde Bentonville, Arkansas, hasta el interior de China, Wal-Mart muestra un camino bastante clásico que va desde la sede principal de la empresa hacia una proliferación de sus tiendas en una quincena de países. Con una facturación de 405 mil millones de dólares en 2008, la empresa de distribución número uno en el mundo fue sobrepasada en abril de 2009 por la empresa petrolera Exxon Mobil en la clasificación de las quinientas empresas mundiales más importantes. Pero a diferencia de otras grandes transnacionales como Exxon Mobil o Microsoft, Wal-Mart, la primera empresa mundial de distribución, tiene que adaptarse al medio ambiente local con el fin de atraer a un máximo de consumidores. El artículo propone una aproximación a escala múltiple de las estrategias de desarrollo de esta firma internacional. Así, la aplicación de un análisis espacial es apropiada para esclarecer los vínculos existentes entre los territorios y las estrategias de los actores a diferentes escalas geográficas.

  7. Literatura y filosofía: Sartre, Martín-Santos y Bartleby

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santamaría Pargada, Antonio

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Luis Martín Santos has been, after his soon death, one of the most unfairly forgotten Spanish intellectuals. This situation happens to be even more unjust considering the success of his novel “Time of Silence” and his unfinished “Time of Destruction”. The works of this psychiatrist, philosophically formed in the existentialism tradition, tackle from psychiatric and medical studies to interpretations of Dilthey, Jaspers and Heidegger. Maybe the most important achievement made by Dr. Martín-Santos was the fact of pooling in his novels all the different fields he worked in, namely: existential philosophy, psychiatry and literature. This mutual influence leads to a clearly existential interpretation of the narrative subject and to a nihilist conception of freedom: the nothingness completely understood as Sartre did. And, consequently, the attractiveness of approaching the Spanish author through literary theories that are close to the French contemporary philosophy and the primacy, not only of the existential analysis in literature, but also of the influence of the literary character as a fiction that is able to create possible realities. That is why it is interesting to study “Bartleby the Scrivener” as a paradoxical example of the existential nothingness made flesh. To put it in a nutshell, the existential triviality, a sign of modern times, has been indeed very successfully portrayed by Martín-Santos.Luis Martín-Santos ha sido, tras su temprana muerte, uno de los grandes olvidados entre los intelectuales españoles del franquismo. Olvido especialmente injusto, teniendo en cuenta el éxito de su novela Tiempo de Silencio y su interesante proyecto inacabado Tiempo de Destrucción. La obra de este psiquiatra formado filosóficamente en el existencialismo abarca desde trabajos psiquiátricos relativos a la medicina hasta interpretaciones de Dilthey, Jaspers y Heidegger. Tal vez el mayor logro de Martín- Santos fuera el de aunar en sus

  8. Vranja v filme ne budjet / Peeter Simm ; interv. Vladimir Odintsov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Simm, Peeter, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Režissöör oma tööst uue mängufilmiga "Georg", mis on Eesti, Venemaa ja Soome ühisprojekt lauljast Georg Otsast (stsenaristid Mati Põldre, Aleksandr Borodjanski, nimiosas Marko Matvere). Filmi võtted algavad septembris

  9. Vranja v filme ne budjet / Peeter Simm ; interv. Vladimir Odintsov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Simm, Peeter, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Režissöör oma tööst uue mängufilmiga "Georg", mis on Eesti, Venemaa ja Soome ühisprojekt lauljast Georg Otsast (stsenaristid Mati Põldre, Aleksandr Borodjanski, nimiosas Marko Matvere). Filmi võtted algavad septembris

  10. Missugustes virtuaalsetes võrgustikes sina kaasa lööd? / Johanna Helin, Mart Laanpere, Uno Traat ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad maailmahariduse projekti "Vaata ja muuda!" juht Johanna Helin, TLÜ haridustehnoloogia keskuse juhataja Mart Laanpere, Sisekaitse Akadeemia kriminoloogia õppejõud Uno Traat, TLÜ Haapsalu kolledži direktor Eve Eisenschmidt, Kose Gümnaasiumi saksa keele õpetaja Astrid Sildnik, TÜ füüsika instituudi dotsent Toomas Plank

  11. Mart Laari tagatoa salajane missioon Gruusias / Janar Filippov, Priit Hõbemägi, Argo Ideon...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vesti Dnja 15. aug. lk. 6-7. Näited, kuidas Eesti riik on kaasa aidanud Gruusia arengule. Mart Laari visiidist Gruusiasse vahetult enne sõjategevuse algust. Vt. samas: 2000: Eestlaste ebaõnnestunud missioon Minskis; 1993: Eesti suutis Ida-Virumaal Osseetia sündroomi vältida; 2008: Eesti ei saatnud Gruusiasse doonorverd

  12. Development of 22 new microsatellite loci for fishers (Martes pennanti) with variability results from across their range

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jordan, Mark J.; Higley, Mark; Matthews, Sean M.; Rhodes, Olin E.; Schwartz, Michael K.; Barrett, Reginald H.; Palsboll, Per J.

    2007-01-01

    We developed 22 new microsatellite loci for the fisher (Martes pennanti), a North American mesocarnivore. The loci were developed with samples from the southern Sierra Nevada Mountains in California, and were screened with samples from this population and four other populations. We observed a range

  13. A historical approach to information management at “José Martí” College of Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carvajal, Bárbara María

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a historical approach to information management in teachers training at “José Martí” College of Education. A theoretical framework is constructed as a way of completing the information gather in interviews to professors and graduates. The results include the identification and description of five periods of development.

  14. Ida-Virul on aeg oma võimalused välja mängida / Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laar, Mart, 1960-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje : Ida-Virumaa Zavtra 15. mai, lk. 4. Ekspeaministrist IRL-i esimehe Mart Laari hinnangul on Ida-Virumaa eduka arengu võtmeküsimused korruptsiooni ja kuritegevuse vähendamises ning ettevõtluskeskkonna parandamises

  15. Mart Laar : Eesti jääb IT-inimestele väikeseks / Gerli Ramler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ramler, Gerli

    2008-01-01

    Ekspeaminister Mart Laar, E-Riigi programmi juhataja Ivar Tallo ja AS-i MicroLink Eesti juhatuse esimees Enn Saar arutlevad riigi panuse üle infotehnoloogia arendamiseks ning IT-spetsialistide koolitamiseks. Seni on riigi IT-teenuste müügipotentsiaal jäänud aga kompetentsi ja rakendamisoskuste puudumise tõttu kasutamata

  16. La primera frase... y el final del cuento: Dos cuentos maravillosos de Carmen Martín Gaite

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Análisis de la estructura de dos cuentos de Carmen Martín Gaite: El Castillo de las Tres Murallas y El Pastel del Diablo. Estos cuentos siguen el esquema tradicional de la búsqueda y el viaje, pero también proponen una interpretación desde dentro que dobla y completa el relato.

  17. Enesetapp - rääkida või vaikida? / Gerda Kordemets, Mart Laisk ja Merike Sisask ; intervjueerinud Tiina Jõgeda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kordemets, Gerda, 1960-

    2010-01-01

    Kas noorte enesetappudest rääkimine toob matkijaid või on teemast rääkimine vajalik? Suitsiiditeemaga kokku puutunud Mart Laisk, Eesti Televisiooni uue sarja "Klass: elu pärast" üks režissööre Gerda Kordemets ja suitsidoloog Merike Sisask arutlevad

  18. Martínez Campos y Cuba : de la paz de Zanjón al "desastre"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Ángeles Lario González

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Los planes de Martínez Campos tras conseguir la paz de Zanjón en 1879 eran que Cuba fuera una provincia más de España, con todas las consecuencias, sociales y económicas sobre todo, que eso implicaba. Cánovas lo sacó urgentemente de la isla y lo colocó enfrente mismo del problema que planteaba: en el Gobierno. La experiencia de Martínez Campos con la mayoría conservadora y el incumplimiento de algunos acuerdos, lo llevó hacia el partido de Sagasta. Con él se fueron los principales Generales de la Restauración. Esta decisión abrió a Sagasta las puertas del Gobierno por primera vez en la Restauración: 1881. Pero no fue, ni mucho menos, la única vez que su actitud fue decisiva en los cambios políticos. Martínez Campos, además de mediador en el Ejército y consejero de la Corona en las crisis políticas, fue un embajador en diferentes conflictos y vigilante de la política de los partidos, tanto respecto al Ejército, la Corona o el tema colonial.The plans of Martínez Campos were that Cuba becomes a province of Spain after its pacification in 1879, with the social and enonomic consequences. Cánovas brought him to Spain confrot him with the probiem and gave him the presidency of the Spanish Government. The bad relations of Martínez Campos and the conservative mayority, hat important consequences: Martínez Campos separeted from Cánovas and took with him the Generáis of the Restauration. This openend the door of the Government to Sagasta in 1881. But this wasn't the only time when his behaviour was decisive during Government changes. Martínez Campos was intermediary for the Army, adviser for the Crown, ambassador during differents conflicts, and controller for the political parties, Army Monarchy and colonial issues.

  19. Armazenamento e tratamento pré-germinativos em sementes de jacarandá (Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart. Storage and pregerminative treatments in jacarandá (Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart. seeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana de Paula Quintão Scalon

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito da temperatura, do tempo de armazenamento e de tratamentos pré-germinativos na porcentagem de emergência (%E e no índice de velocidade de emergência (IVE de jacarandá (Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart.. O experimento foi conduzido em fatorial 5 x 2 x 4 (cinco períodos de armazenamento (0, 30, 60, 90 e 150 dias x 2 temperaturas (12 ± 2º C e 25 ± 2º C x 4 tratamentos pré-germinativos (1- Imersão em GA 125 mg L-1 /24 h; 2- Imersão em GA 250 mg L-1 /24 h; 3- Imersão em água quente; 4- Testemunha, em DIC com cinco repetições de 30 sementes. A emergência aumentou de 29% no tempo zero a 79% aos 150 dias, sendo que as sementes podem ser armazenadas por 150 dias, alcançando emergência superior a 70% sem nenhum tratamento pré-germinativo. Embora o IVE não tenha variado entre os tratamentos aos 150 dias nas sementes sob refrigeração (média de 0,82 e sob temperatura ambiente, o maior valor foi observado nas sementes tratadas com água quente e GA 250 mg.L-1 (0,41.This work aimed to evaluate the effect of temperature, period of storage and pregerminative treatments on the emergence percentage (E % and emergence speed index (SEI of Jacarandá (Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart.. The experiment was carried out in factorial 5 x 2 x 4 (5 storage periods (0, 30, 60, 90 and 150 days C 2 temperatures (12 ± 2ºC and 25 ± 2ºC C 4 pregerminative treatments (1- immersion in GA 125 mg .L-1 / 24 hours; 2- immersion in GA 250 mg L-1 / 24 hours; 3- immersion in hot water; 4- control, in DIC with 5 replications of 30 seeds. The emergence increased from 29% at the first day to 79 % at the 150th day. The seeds may be stored for 150 days reaching emergence higher than 70% without any pregerminative treatment. Although there was no SEI change among the treatments after storage of seeds for 150 days under refrigeration (average 0.82, the highest value was observed with seeds kept at room temperature and treated with

  20. Estabilidade da polpa do bacuri (Platonia insignis Mart. congelada por 12 meses Stability of the bacuri pulp (Platonia insignis Mart. frozen for 12 months

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virlane Kelly Lima da Silva

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Conduziu-se este trabalho, com o objetivo de realizar o processamento e avaliar a estabilidade da polpa de bacuri (Platonia insignis Mart. submetida ao congelamento durante 12 meses. Durante o período de armazenamento não ocorreram alterações significativas nas características físico-químicas da polpa quanto aos teores de sólidos solúveis, pH, atividade de água, açúcares totais e redutores, vitamina C, compostos fenólicos poliméricos e oligoméricos, pectina total e solúvel e cor L, a* , b*, enquanto que a acidez total e relação SST/AT variaram com o tempo de armazenamento. Os compostos fenólicos dímeros apresentaram aumento em função do tempo. Pelos resultados obtidos, a polpa de bacuri não pode ser considerada uma boa fonte de vitamina C. Por outro lado, apresenta baixos teores de compostos fenólicos caracterizando a polpa como, potencialmente pouco adstringente e com potencial para o processamento. A qualidade microbiológica não foi alterada durante o período de armazenamento. Os resultados apontam a eficiência do congelamento na manutenção das características físico-químicas e microbiológicas da polpa de bacuri.The objective of this work was to process and evaluate the stability of the bacuri (Platonia insignis Mart. pulp submitted to freezing for 12 months. During the storage period there were significant changes in the physiochemical characteristics of the pulp as for the content of total soluble solids, pH, water activity, total and reducing sugars, vitamin C, polimer and oligomeric phenolic compounds , total and soluble pectin and color L, the a*, b *,while total acidity and soluble solids varied with the storange period. The dimers phenolic compounds incresead with the time. According to the results, the bacuri pulp cannot be considered a good source of vitamin C, but it presents low contents of phenolic compounds characterizing the pulp as little astringent, thus showing potential for the processing

  1. Avaliação da atividade antimicrobiana de Maytenus rigida Mart. (Celastraceae Evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of Maytenus rigida Mart. (Celastraceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.L Santos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A realização de estudos farmacológicos é fundamental para comprovar a eficácia do uso de plantas medicinais pela população para o tratamento de doenças e descobrir novos fitoterápicos. Esse estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o potencial antimicrobiano do extrato etanólico e fase acetato de etila do bom nome (Maytenus rigida Mart. sobre Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, 3 amostras de Staphylococcus aureus multirresistentes isoladas de pacientes com infecções nosocomiais, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 e Salmonella sp. (228-R-Tet, 118-R-Sut e 01-S isoladas de ambiente aquático, utilizando o método de difusão em agar. Os testes revelaram que o extrato e fase de M. rigida apresentaram atividade antimicrobiana in vitro frente a todas as cepas de S. aureus testadas, apresentando concentração inibitória mínima (MIC de 400 mg mL-1. Entretanto, estes produtos não apresentaram atividade frente às linhagens de bactérias Gram-negativas testadas, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Salmonella sp.Ppharmacological studies are essential to prove the effectiveness of using medicinal plants to treat diseases and discover new phytotherapics. This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of ethanol and ethyl acetate extracts of "bom-nome" (Maytenus rigida Mart. against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, three samples of multiresistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from patients with nosocomial infections, Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853 and Salmonella sp. (228-R-Tet, 118-R-Sut and 01-S isolated from water environment, using the agar diffusion test. Both extracts showed in vitro antimicrobial activity against all S. aureus strains, presenting 400 mg mL-1 minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC. However, these products did not show activity against strains of the Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella sp.

  2. Morfometria das fibras das folhas de Astrocaryum murumuru var. murumuru Mart. (ARECACEAE Leaf fibers morphometry of Astrocaryum murumuru var. murumuru Mart. (ARECACEAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clarisse Beltrão Rosas Rocha

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A análise morfométrica das fibras das folhas de Astrocaryum murumuru var. murumuru Mart. revelou que as fibras do pecíolo apresentaram comprimento e espessura da parede superiores às regiões da ráquis e folíolo, com médias variando de 1.266,09 µm a 3.270,56 µm e 5,56 µm a 10,67 µm, respectivamente. Em relação ao índice de Runckel e coeficiente de flexibilidade, as regiões pecíolo e ráquis obtiveram valores considerados favoráveis para sua utilização na indústria papeleira e, o índice de enfeltramento demonstrou que provavelmente as fibras dessas regiões apresentarão uma boa resistência ao rasgo quando submetidas às avaliações físico-mecânicas. Diante dos resultados, a espécie se revela promissora como fonte alternativa de matéria-prima para a produção de papel, sendo necessários, entretanto, estudos de resistências físico-mecânicas a consolidação deste pré-diagnóstico.The analysis morphometric of the leaf fibers of Astrocaryum murumuru var. murumuru Mart. demonstrated that the petiole's fibers had presented length and wall thickness superiors than the rachis and leaflets, with yours means varying of 1.266,09 µm to 3.270,56 µm and 5,56 µm to 10,67 µm, respectively. In relation the index of Runckel and flexibility's coefficient the petiole and rachis had gotten values considered favorable for its use in the paper industry and, the felting index it probably demonstrated that the fibers of these regions will present good crash resistance when submitted to the evaluations physical-mechanical. therefore, the results show the species is a alternative source of raw material to produce paper, but its necessary to do physical-mechanical resistance studies to consolidate this pre diagnostic.

  3. Dos cartas inéditas de María Lejárraga dirigidas a Gregorio Martínez Sierra

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    El artículo recoge la publicación de dos cartas inéditas de la correspondencia privada de Gregorio Martínez Sierra. Las cartas están fechadas en 1925 y 1946, respectivamente. Están escritas por María de la O Lejárraga y dirigidas a Gregorio Martínez Sierra. El artículo pretende dejar constancia de la relación profesional y personal que mantuvieron Gregorio Martínez Sierra y María Lejárraga hasta la muerte del dramaturgo en 1947.

  4. Leismaniasis cutánea y cutáneo-mucosa en la región San Martín / Perú 1997

    OpenAIRE

    Vela, F.; Bueno, C; Arévalo, H.

    1999-01-01

    Resúmenes de trabajos de investigación de laboratorio regional de San Martín (Publicado: Revista de la Sociedad Chilena de Parasitología. enero 99) Con el fin de conocer las características de la Leishmaniasis en la Región San Martín en el período enero-diciembre 1997, se estudiaron datos sobre Leishmaniasis existentes en las Direcciones de Inteligencia Sanitaria, Estadística e Informática, Transmisibles y del Laboratorio Referencial Regional de la Dirección Regional de Salud de San Martín...

  5. "Nuestra América": José Martí ante la Razón Moderna

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Pablo Rodríguez

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es un acercamiento al difícil y singular diálogo con el pensamiento moderno y sus procedimientos del escritor, pensador y político cubano José Martí. La tesis es que el ideario de Martí expresó los intereses y la perspectiva de los pueblos de Hispanoamérica, a la que llamó Nuestra América, por oposición, según escribió “a la otra América, que no es nuestra”. Plenamente consciente de que la identidad de la región se sustentaba en una cultura nueva, mestiza de lo aborigen y lo español, el cubano dedicó su ensayo “Nuestra América” a explicar los factores internos que mantenían las estructuras sociales, políticas y de pensamiento de la época colonial, así como el peligro que representaba el creciente poderío de Estados Unidos.   This article aims to approach Cuban writer, thinker and politician José Martí's harsh, singular dialogue with modern thinking and its procedures. It argues that Martí's set of ideas expressed the interests and viewpoint of the peoples of Hispanic America, which he called Our America, as opposed to, according to his own texts, "the other America, the one that is not ours". Fully conscious of the fact that the region's identity was based on a new culture, resulting from a mix of the indigenous and the Spanish, Martí used his essay "Our America" (originally, "Nuestra América" to explain the internal factors that maintained the colonial social, political and ideological structures, in addition to expressing the threat the growing power of the United States represented.

  6. Constituintes qu��micos de Almeidea coerulea (Nees & Mart. A. St.-Hil. Rutaceae Chemical constituents of Almeidea coerulea (Nees & Mart. A. St.-Hil. Rutaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Elaine Ranieri Cortez

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Do extrato diclorometano do caule de Almeidea coerulea (Nees & Mart. A. St.-Hil. foi isolado um triterpeno o 20-hidroxi-diidrolupeol (1, e do extrato metanólico foram isolados os alcalóides dictamina (2 e eskimianina (3, além de uma mistura dos esteróides sitosterol (4 e estigmasterol (5. A identificção substâncias foi realizada pela análise dos espectros de Massas, RMN ¹H, RMN 13C, HSQC, HMBC, e por comparação com dados da literatura.From the dichloromethane extract of Almeidea coerulea stem one triterpene, 20-hydroxy-dihydrolupeol was isolated (1 and from the methanol extract the known alkaloids dictamnine (2 and skimmianine (3, as well the steroids sitosterol (4 and stigmasterol (5. The identification of these compounds was performed on the basis of spectroscopic analyses (MS, ¹H NMR, 13C NMR, HSQC and HMBC as well as comparison with literature data.

  7. Aplicações taxonômicas da anatomia foliar de espécies amazônicas de Oenocarpus Mart. (Arecaceae Leaf anatomy applied to the taxonomy of Amazonian species of Oenocarpus Mart. (Arecaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolf Junior Ferreira Silva

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, objetivou-se estudar a anatomia foliar de Oenocarpus bacaba Mart., O. distichus Mart., O. mapora H. Karst. e O. minor Mart., visando verificar se existem entre as espécies diferenças anatômicas qualitativas úteis a sua delimitação taxonômica. Observou-se que as pinas de todos os representantes são anfiestomáticas e apresentam tecido epidérmico heteromórfico revestido por cutícula lisa, sobre a qual há depósitos de cera epicuticular nas formas filamentosas de extremidade gancheiforme e em placas retangulares; possuem estômatos tetracíticos e tricomas tectores bifilamentosos. O mesofilo é dorsiventral com braquiesclereídes, estruturas secretoras de mucilagem e feixes vasculares colaterais secundários e terciários, para os secundários diagnosticou-se quatro tipos, sendo o tipo III, com três vasos metaxilemáticos, o único comum às espécies. Características como: estômatos ciclocíticos; número de estratos do tecido de expansão; formas da nervura central e margem das pinas, mostraram-se peculiares a determinados taxa. Para o axis foliar, constatou-se que a forma e organização celulares do tecido parenquimático, nas regiões central e mediana, difere entre as espécies. Elaborou-se uma chave de identificação anatômica para as espécies de Oenocarpus Mart. analisadas, demonstrando que há entre estas diferenças estruturais significativas a nível qualitativo.Our aim was to study the leaf anatomy of Oenocarpus bacaba Mart., O. distichus Mart., O. mapora H. Karst. and O. minor Mart. in order to verify if there are qualitative anatomical features useful in taxonomy. Common features of the four species' leaflets are amphistomatic lamina; heteromorphic epidermal tissue; smooth cuticle; epicuticular wax in the form of hooked filaments and rectangular plates; tetracytic stomata; non-glandular, two-filamented trichomes; dorsiventral mesophyll with brachysclereids, mucilage secretory structures, type III

  8. Mis on läbilöömiseks elutähtis? / Siret Liivamägi, Ando Rehemaa, Mart Proos ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Villa Benita juhatuse esimees Siret Liivamägi, registrite ja infosüsteemide keskuse direktor Ando Rehemaa, AS Favor juhatuse esimees Mart Proos, Swedbanki grupi finantsjuht Erkki Raasuke, Euroopa Komisjoni asepresident Siim Kallas

  9. Juhiks ühe päevaga? Ei! Ühe sekundiga! / Piret Jamnes, Gristel Tali, Mart Raik, Aavo Kokk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Heaks juhiks saamise üle arutlevad Fontese partner Piret Jamnes, Columbus IT Partner Eesti AS-i tegevjuht Gristel Tali, konsultant ja koolitaja Mart Raik ning saneerimise ja nõustamisega tegeleva Catella Eesti haru juht Aavo Kokk

  10. MART-10, a newly synthesized vitamin D analog, represses metastatic potential of head and neck squamous carcinoma cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang SW

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Shih-Wei Yang,1,* Chi-Ying Tsai,2,* Yi-Chun Pan,3 Chun-Nan Yeh,4 Jong-Hwei S Pang,5 Masashi Takano,6 Atsushi Kittaka,6 Horng-Heng Juang,7 Tai C Chen,8 Kun-Chun Chiang4,9 1Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, 2Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taoyuan, 3Department of General Dentistry, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University, Keelung, 4General Surgery Department, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, 5Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China; 6Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Teikyo University, Tokyo, Japan; 7Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Republic of China; 8Endocrine Core Laboratory, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA; 9Zebrafish Center, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan, Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Even with multidisciplinary treatment, the prognosis and quality of life of patients diagnosed with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC are still not satisfactory. Previously, 19-Nor-2α-(3-hydroxypropyl-1α,25(OH2D3 (MART-10, the new brand 1α,25(OH2D3 analog, has been demonstrated to be an effective drug to inhibit HNSCC growth in vitro. Since most cancer patients die of metastasis, in this study, the antimetastatic effect of MART-10 on HNSCC was investigated. Our results reveal that both 1α,25(OH2D3 and MART-10 effectively repressed the migration and invasion of HNSCC cells, with MART-10 being much more potent than 1α,25(OH2D3. The antimetastatic effect of 1α,25(OH2D3 and MART-10 was mediated by attenuation of epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT, which was supported by the finding that the expression of EMT-inducing transcriptional factors, Sail and Twist, was inhibited by 1α,25(OH2D3 and MART

  11. HISTOANATOMICAL FEATURES OF THE AQUATIC PLANT HELANTHIUM TENELLUM (MART. BRITT. (ALISMATACEAE

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    Rodica BERCU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper concerns a histological study of the main features of the stem (rhizome and leaf (petiole and blade of a perennial herb native to North, Central and South America, Helanthium tenellum (Mart. Britt., growing both submerged and emerged in its native region. In our country the plant is known as an aquarium plant. However, the stem cortex is well-developed with epidermis, hypodermis and an aerenchyma tissue with a number of air chambers. The vascular system consists of amphivasal vascular bundles to the center and peripheral few collateral bundles. The leaf mesophyll is heterogenous, represented by a palisade and a spongy tissue. In the mesophyll are embedded few poor developed vascular bundles. Excepting some taxonomic studies, a study concerning the anatomy of this species is lacking.

  12. Chemical, biological, morphoanatomical and antimicrobial study of Ocotea puchury-major Mart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leporatti, Maria Lucia; Pintore, Giorgio; Foddai, Marzia; Chessa, Mario; Piana, Andrea; Petretto, Giacomo Luigi; Masia, Maria Dolores; Mangano, Giuseppe; Nicoletti, Marcello

    2014-01-01

    Ocotea puchury-major Mart. is a tree native to the Brazilian rain forest, where it is popularly known as puxurì. In local folk medicine the leaves are used for their sedative, gastroenteric and antireumatic properties. The morphoanatomical study determined those features useful in distinguishing this species from other closely related taxa. Chemical analysis was focused on the study of the volatile oil. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses indicated safrol as the main compound of the volatile oil (39%). The results confirm and authenticate the use of its leaves in folk medicine. Furthermore, safrol is economically important as the starting material for hemisynthesis of several products. The antimicrobial activity of the essential oil was studied which showed promising activity against environmental microorganisms as well as anti-inflammatory activity.

  13. Antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of 'acai' (Euterpe precatoria Mart.)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galotta, Ana Lucia Q.A. [Universidade Federal do Amazonas (UFAM), Manaus, AM (Brazil). Inst. de Ciencias Exatas. Dept. de Quimica; Boaventura, Maria Amelia D.; Lima, Luciana A. R.S. [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica

    2008-07-01

    Decoction of roots of the Amazonian palm acai (Euterpe precatoria Mart.) is widely used by Brazilian and Peruvian people as an anti-inflammatory, to heal kidney and liver diseases and against snake bites. In this study, the antioxidant activity of extracts and flavonoids (quercetin, catechin, epicatechin, rutin and astilbin) isolated from roots and leaf stalks of E. precatoria was investigated using {beta}-carotene in TLC plates and DPPH radical scavenging in a spectrophotometric bioassay. All extracts and flavonoids showed activity. Also, the cytotoxic activity of these extracts was evaluated by the brine shrimp (Artemia salina) larvicide bioassay and was lower than that of lapachol, used as control. The presence of flavonoids and sitosterol-3-O-{beta}-D-glucopyranoside in the extracts can justify the use of the plant in traditional medicine. (author)

  14. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from Aeolanthus suaveolens Mart. ex Spreng

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simionatto, Euclesio [Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Campo Grande, MS (Brazil). Dept. de Hidraulica e Transportes]. E-mail: eusimionatto@yahoo.com.br; Porto, Carla; Stueker, Caroline Z.; Dalcol, Ionara I.; Silva, Ubiratan F. da [Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (UFSM), RS (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica

    2007-07-01

    The essential oils from leaves (sample A) and flowers (sample B) of Aeolanthus suaveolens Mart. ex Spreng were obtained by hydro distillation and analyzed by GC, GC-MS, and chiral phase gas chromatography (CPGC). Six compounds have been identified from the essential oils, representing ca 94.3 and 93% of the oils corresponding to samples A and B, respectively. The major constituents of samples A and B essential oils were respectively, linalool (34.2%/34.9%), (-)-massoialactone (25.9%/17.0%) and (E)-beta-farnesene (25.4%/29.1%). The enantiomeric distribution of the monoterpene linalool was established by analysis on heptakis-(6-O-methyl-2,3-di-O-pentyl)-beta-cyclodextrin capillary column. The antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from leaves and isolated compounds was also evaluated. (author)

  15. Chemins de traverse d’Ignacio Martínez de Pisón

    OpenAIRE

    Morello, André-Alain

    2013-01-01

    Chemins de traverse d’Ignacio Martínez de Pisón se présente comme la pseudo autobiographie d’un adolescent, Felipe, qui, à la mort de sa mère, est condamné à vivre avec un père marginal. Le texte est aussi la conversion d’un récit de type picaresque en un roman qui débouche sur la découverte mutuelle d’un père et d’un fils. L’errance des deux personnages, chemin de fuite destiné à compenser la disparition de Cecilia, conduit à une sorte d’assomption de l’amour. Caminos secundarios, de Igna...

  16. Antioxidant and cytotoxic activities of 'açaí' (Euterpe precatoria Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Lúcia Q. A. Galotta

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Decoction of roots of the Amazonian palm açaí (Euterpe precatoria Mart. is widely used by Brazilian and Peruvian people as an anti-inflammatory, to heal kidney and liver diseases and against snake bites. In this study, the antioxidant activity of extracts and flavonoids (quercetin, catechin, epicatechin, rutin and astilbin isolated from roots and leaf stalks of E. precatoria was investigated using β-carotene in TLC plates and DPPH radical scavenging in a spectrophotometric bioassay. All extracts and flavonoids showed activity. Also, the cytotoxic activity of these extracts was evaluated by the brine shrimp (Artemia salina larvicide bioassay and was lower than that of lapachol, used as control. The presence of flavonoids and sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside in the extracts can justify the use of the plant in traditional medicine.

  17. Peltomexicanin, a Peltogynoid Quinone Methide from Peltogyne Mexicana Martínez Purple Heartwood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulina Gutiérrez-Macías

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Peltomexicanin (7,10-dihydroxy-6,12-dioxa-5H-tetraphen-3-one is a new peltogynoid quinone methide isolated from Palo Morado (Peltogyne mexicana Martínez heartwood by column chromatography. Its chemical structure was elucidated by IR, NMR (1H, 13C, 2D NMR experiments (COSY, NOESY, HMQC, and HSQC, ESI-MS, and UV-Vis spectroscopic analysis. According to HPLC quantification, this compound is the main pigment and accounts for 1.21% of Palo Morado heartwood material. The antioxidant activity of peltomexicanin and dried methanolic extract (DEx of purple heartwood was evaluated using the radical of 2,2’-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS assay, and the corresponding values expressed as Trolox equivalents (µmol TE/mg sample were 4.25 and 4.57, respectively.

  18. L’art du cameo onirique dans Les minutes noires de Martín Solares

    OpenAIRE

    Benmiloud, Karim

    2015-01-01

    Comme auteur de romans policiers, l'écrivain mexicain Martín Solares s'inscrit à la fois dans le désir de restituer une image de la vie mexicaine contemporaine et dans la continuité de ce sous-genre littéraire. Son roman Les minutes noires se donne un cadre imaginaire mais le lecteur a beau jeu d'y retrouver des données propres à la biographie de l'auteur. Le crime qui constitue le nœud de l'intrigue, assassinats en série de petites filles dans une région du Mexique, est lui-même dérivé d'un ...

  19. Una lectura pigliana de la obra de Martín Caparrós

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Snoey Abadías

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es ensayar en torno a la influencia de las ideas que Ricardo Piglia ha desarrollado en sus textos teóricos y críticos sobre la problemática relación entre literatura y política en la obra de Martín Caparrós, en concreto, dos textos, la novela La Historia y la crónica El interior, con especial atención al relato del horror, la forma narrativa como una manera de resolver la tensión entre este binomio, el lenguaje, la tematización de la historia como concepto y la creación de un contradiscurso desde la ficción

  20. Luis Martín Santos est-il (vraiment) existentialiste ?

    OpenAIRE

    Capmartin, Thierry

    2014-01-01

    Luis Martín Santos a maintes fois réaffirmé son attachement moral et intellectuel, pour ne pas dire son admiration, à la figure de Jean-Paul Sartre. Mais n’y a-t-il pas comme une pétition de principe à en inférer que l’œuvre aussi, et au premier chef Tiempo de silencio, serait d’inspiration existentialiste, comme cela a été si souvent avancé ? Reposer le problème à neuf, à travers l’éclairage oblique que fournissent les textes peu considérés du psychiatre, telle est l’ambition élémentaire qui...

  1. Towards a Formal Semantics for UML/MARTE State Machines Based on Hierarchical Timed Automata

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Zhou; Luciano Baresi; Matteo Rossi

    2013-01-01

    UML is a widely-used,general purpose modeling language.But its lack of a rigorous semantics forbids the thorough analysis of designed solution,and thus precludes the discovery of significant problems at design time.To bridge the gap,the paper investigates the underlying semantics of UML state machine diagrams,along with the time-related modeling elements of MARTE,the profile for modeling and analysis of real-time embedded systems,and proposes a formal operational semantics based on extended hierarchical timed automata.The approach is exemplified on a simple example taken from the automotive domain.Verification is accomplished by translating designed models into the input language of the UPPAAL model checker.

  2. Los idearios pedagógicos de José Martí y Amado Nervo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vigne Pacheco, A.

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Estos dos escritores importantes del Modernismolatinoamericano se interesaron enormemente por lapedagogía y la educación en general de los niños desus países respectivos. Este artículo estudia sus produccionesen este campo y señala las diferencias deenfoque y de soportes que cada autor utilizó paraponer en práctica sus ideas. En Martí se manifiestael deseo de despertar la curiosidad de sus pequeñoslectores por medio de artículos y ficciones publicadosen su revista infantil La Edad de Oro; mientrasque en Nervo, son los manuales escolares los quedesempeñan ese mismo papel.

  3. Los idearios pedagógicos de José Martí y Amado Nervo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Vigne Pacheco

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Estos dos escritores importantes del Modernismo latinoamericano se interesaron enormemente por la pedagogía y la educación en general de los niños de sus países respectivos. Este artículo estudia sus producciones en este campo y señala las diferencias de enfoque y de soportes que cada autor utilizó para poner en práctica sus ideas. En Martí se manifiesta el deseo de despertar la curiosidad de sus pequeños lectores por medio de artículos y ficciones publicados en su revista infantil La Edad de Oro, mientras que en Nervo, son los manuales escolares los que desempeñan ese mismo papel.

  4. Islands in Between: Martín García and other Geopolitical Flashpoints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Godfrey Baldacchino

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The ‘in betweenity’ of islands is an ongoing problematic in contemporary politics. Given their geographic definition and boundedness, islands tend to be unitary jurisdictions - that means that they are unlikely to be shared by more than one power. In fact, there are just 11 islands in the world whose territory is ‘shared’ between more than one national jurisdiction. Meanwhile, there are still various small islands and other bounded territories whose status is contested amongst different (usually larger states, including Kinmen (Taiwan, Falklands/Malvinas and Gibraltar. In this context, this essay reviews the River Plate area (between Uruguay and Argentina: historically a point of tension between two major powers in Latin America; and some of that tension has been centered on the islands in the region – particularly Martín García.

  5. Data mining using the Catalogue of Somatic Mutations in Cancer BioMart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepherd, Rebecca; Forbes, Simon A; Beare, David; Bamford, S; Cole, Charlotte G; Ward, Sari; Bindal, Nidhi; Gunasekaran, Prasad; Jia, Mingming; Kok, Chai Yin; Leung, Kenric; Menzies, Andrew; Butler, Adam P; Teague, Jon W; Campbell, Peter J; Stratton, Michael R; Futreal, P Andrew

    2011-01-01

    Catalogue of Somatic Mutations in Cancer (COSMIC) (http://www.sanger.ac.uk/cosmic) is a publicly available resource providing information on somatic mutations implicated in human cancer. Release v51 (January 2011) includes data from just over 19,000 genes, 161,787 coding mutations and 5573 gene fusions, described in more than 577,000 tumour samples. COSMICMart (COSMIC BioMart) provides a flexible way to mine these data and combine somatic mutations with other biological relevant data sets. This article describes the data available in COSMIC along with examples of how to successfully mine and integrate data sets using COSMICMart. DATABASE URL: http://www.sanger.ac.uk/genetics/CGP/cosmic/biomart/martview/.

  6. Manuel Martínez de la Escalera, ciencia y aventura en Oriente

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    Casado, Santos

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Manuel Martínez de la Escalera fue el expedicionario más destacado entre los naturalistas españoles de las décadas en torno al cambio de siglo. Su dedicación a la entomología, especialmente a los coleópteros, le llevó a organizar sendas expediciones, financiadas por un coleccionista francés, a Asia Menor y Siria en 1898 y a Persia en 1899. Lo aventurero de sus viajes a Oriente, subrayado por la penuria material con que se realizaron, marcó la incorporación de Escalera al imaginario colectivo de la reducida comunidad naturalista española, con una intensidad que contrasta con el olvido de los medios académicos oficiales y de la posterior historiografía de la ciencia.…

  7. A Modeling Approach based on UML/MARTE for GPU Architecture

    CERN Document Server

    Rodrigues, Antonio Wendell De Oliveira; Dekeyser, Jean-Luc

    2011-01-01

    Nowadays, the High Performance Computing is part of the context of embedded systems. Graphics Processing Units (GPUs) are more and more used in acceleration of the most part of algorithms and applications. Over the past years, not many efforts have been done to describe abstractions of applications in relation to their target architectures. Thus, when developers need to associate applications and GPUs, for example, they find difficulty and prefer using API for these architectures. This paper presents a metamodel extension for MARTE profile and a model for GPU architectures. The main goal is to specify the task and data allocation in the memory hierarchy of these architectures. The results show that this approach will help to generate code for GPUs based on model transformations using Model Driven Engineering (MDE).

  8. Chemical characterization and cytoprotective effect of the hydroethanol extract from Annona coriacea Mart. (Araticum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose G.A.S Junior

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Annona coriacea Mart. (araticum is a widely distributed tree in the cerrado. Its value is attributed principally to the consumption of its fruit which possesses a large nutritive potential. The objective was to identify the chemical profile and evaluate the antimicrobial and cytoprotective activity of the hydroethanol extract of A. coriacea Mart. (HEAC leaves against the toxicity of mercury chloride. Materials and Methods: The characterization of components was carried out using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC was determined by microdilution method in broth with strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. For evaluation of the modulatory and cytoprotective activity of aminoglycoside antibiotics (gentamicin and amikacin and mercury chloride (HgCl2, the substances were associated with the HEAC at subinhibitory concentrations (MIC/8. Results and Discussion: The HPLC analysis revealed the presence of flavonoids such as Luteolin (1.84% and Quercetin (1.19% in elevated concentrations. The HEAC presented an MIC ≥512 μg/mL and significant antagonistic action in aminoglycosides modulation, and it also showed cytoprotective activity to S. aureus (significance P< 0.0001 and E. coli(significance P< 0.05 bacteria against the mercury chloride heavy metal with significance, this action being attributed to the chelating properties of the flavonoids found in the chemical identification. Conclusions: The results acquired in this study show that the HEAC presents cytoprotective activity over the tested strains in vitro and can also present antagonistic effect when associated with aminoglycosides, reinforcing the necessity of taking caution when combining natural and pharmaceutical products.

  9. Mites associated to Xylopia aromatica (Lam. Mart. (Annonaceae in urban and rural fragments of semidecidual forest

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    Felipe M. Nuvoloni

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Mites associated to Xylopia aromatica (Lam. Mart. (Annonaceae in urban and rural fragments of semidecidual forest. Native plants can shelter a great diversity of mites. Notwithstanding, the conservation of the forest fragments where the plants are located can influence the structure of the mites community. Generally, in homogenous environments the diversity is lower due to the dominance of one or a few species. In this work, we studied the mite community on Xylopia aromatica (Lam. Mart. (Annonaceae in two fragments of semidecidual forest: one on rural and other on urban area. Seven individuals of X. aromatica were monthly sampled from April 2007 to March 2008, in each of these fragments. Descriptive indexes of diversity, dominance and evenness were applied to verify the ecological patterns of the mite community, besides the Student's t-test to compare the abundance between the fragments. We collected 27,365 mites of 37 species belonging to 11 families. Calacarus sp. (Eriophyidae was the most abundant species, representing 73% of the total sampled. The abundance was greater in the urban fragment (67.7%, with the diversity index reaching only 25% of the theoretical maximum expected. Probably, these values might have been influenced by the location of this fragment in the urban area, being more homogeneous and submitted directly to the presence of atmospheric pollution. In this manner, X. aromatica is able to shelter a higher diversity of mites when inserted in preserved ecosystems, since the highest diversity of available resources allows the establishment of richer and most diverse mite community.

  10. Ponerse a cantar. Modos de autorrepresentación del poeta cantor en El gaucho Martín Fierro y en El guacho Martín Fierro.

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    Carolina Ramallo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se busca relevar y analizar de forma comparada los modos en que la figura del poeta cantor es representada en El gaucho Martín Fierro de José Hernández (publicado en 1872 y en El guacho Martín Fierro de Oscar Fariña (2011. Prestamos especial atención al modo en que se formula e intenta contestar la pregunta acerca de quién puede hablar desde la posición de cantor, es decir, desde un saber autorizado por la experiencia y especializado técnica y estéticamente. De este modo, exploramos las maneras en que en ambos textos se producen relaciones complejas con la otredad que permiten un productivo uso del lenguaje.

  11. Espécies de formigas que interagem com as sementes de Mabea fistulifera Mart. (Euphorbiaceae Interaction between ant species and seeds of Mabea fistulifera Mart. (Euphorbiaceae

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    Ethel Fernandes de Oliveira Peternelli

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available As formigas, quando atraídas por um apêndice nutritivo, produzido na semente de certas plantas, podem exercer o papel de agente predador ou dispersor das sementes. No processo de dispersão, grande número desses insetos pode interagir com sementes de determinada planta. O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar as espécies de formigas em contato com sementes de Mabea fistulifera Mart. - uma espécie arbórea e colonizadora em áreas antrópicas no Brasil - e o tipo de interação desses insetos com as sementes, bem como determinar as espécies dispersoras. Foram realizadas coletas manuais de formigas em fragmentos de vegetação com alta densidade de M. fistulifera, no município de Viçosa, MG, no momento de sua visitação às sementes. As formigas capturadas foram triadas e identificadas por espécie. Além disso, durante as coletas foram feitas observações quanto ao tipo de comportamento das formigas que se associaram às sementes e ao cálculo da taxa de remoção destas, verificando-se que 16 espécies tiveram contato com estas. Acromyrmex subterraneus subterraneus, Atta sexdens rubropilosa, Ectatomma edentatum, Pachycondyla sp.1 e Pheidole sp. 2 foram, de fato, dispersoras, já que transportaram efetivamente as sementes. Ac. subterraneus subterraneus, Camponotus rufipes, Ectatomma permagnum, Megalomyrmex sp.1, Pachycondyla sp. 1, Pachycondyla sp. 2, Pheidole sp. 4, Pheidole sp. 5 e Pogonomyrmex sp. são, pela primeira vez, relatadas interagindo com sementes. A taxa de remoção das sementes de M. fistulifera pelas formigas foi de 85 a 97%.Ants, when attracted by nutritious corpuscles produced by seeds of certain plant species, can act as predators or dispersing agents. During seed dispersal, a great number of ant species can interact with seeds of a particular plant species. The purpose of this study was to identify the ant species that interact with seeds of Mabea fistulifera Mart., a pioneer tree species in anthropic disturbed

  12. Biologia floral e polinização de Arrabidaea conjugata (Vell. Mart. (Bignoniaceae Floral and pollination biology of Arrabidaea conjugata (Vell. Mart. (Bignoniaceae

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    Maria Célia Rodrigues Correia

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho aborda a biologia floral, a atividade forrageira dos visitantes florais (polinizadores e pilhadores, os eventos fenológicos e o sistema de reprodução de Arrabidaea conjugata (Vell. Mart. (Bignoniaceae, em área de vegetação de restinga, município de Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, no período 1997 a 2000. A espécie estudada tem flores com antese diurna, lilases, tubulosas, hermafroditas, odoríferas e oferecem néctar como recurso floral. O néctar é secretado por um disco localizado na base do gineceu e é acumulado em câmara nectarífera. Os grãos de pólen são liberados gradativamente, prolongando-se a fase de doação de pólen. As abelhas Euglossa cordata Linnaeus, Centris analis Fabricius e C. tarsata Smith são os polinizadores da espécie. Destaca-se pilhagem primária de néctar, por abelhas, e secundária, por borboletas e beija-flor. A espécie é auto-incompatível, apresentando baixos índices de formação de frutos em condições naturais (Frutos/Flores = 12,2%. Foi registrado padrão de floração "cornucópia", entre os meses de dezembro a março (estação quente/chuvosa, com pico em janeiro. As sementes são anemocóricas e liberadas gradativamente na estação fria e seca.This work deals with the floral biology, the foraging activities of floral visitors (pollinators and robbers, phenology and reproductive system of Arrabidaea conjugata (Vell. Mart. (Bignoniaceae in the "restinga" of Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1997 to 2000. The flowers display daytime anthesis and last only one day. These attractive pink flowers are tubular, hermaphroditic, odoriferous and produce nectar as the floral reward. The nectar is secreted by a nectariferous disk concealed within a chamber. The pollen grains are gradually released throughout anthesis, extending the pollen presentation phase. The bees Euglossa cordata Linnaeus, Centris analis Fabricius and C. tarsata Smith are the pollinator species. Primary and secondary

  13. Perfil fitoquímico e ensaio microbiológico dos extratos da entrecasca de Maytenus rigida Mart. (Celastraceae Phytochemistry and microbiological assay of the bark extracts of Maytenus rigida Mart. (Celastraceae

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    Charles S. Estevam

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Maytenus rigida Mart (Celastraceae, conhecida por "Bom-homem", "Bom-nome", "Cabelo-de-negro", "Casca-grossa" e "Pau-de-colher", é uma arvore de pequeno porte. A entrecasca do caule é empregada popularmente no Nordeste do Brasil no tratamento das dores em geral, infecções e inflamações. O presente trabalho avaliou tanto o perfil fitoquímico de M. rigida por meio de um roteiro analítico, quanto à atividade antibiótica dos extratos pelo método de Kirby-Bauer modificado. Os resultados demonstraram que os extratos etanólico, aquoso, clorofórmico, acetato de etila e hidroalcoólico de M. rigida apresentam atividade antibacteriana contra Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa e Staphylococcus aureus, enquanto que a fração hexânica não exibe qualquer atividade. Catequinas, quinonas, esteróides, triterpenos, saponinas, flavonóides e compostos fenólicos foram detectados na análise fitoquímica.Maynetus rigida Mart (Celastraceae, known as "Bom-homem", "Bom-nome", "Cabelo-de-negro", "Casca-grossa" and "Pau-de-colher", is a small tree. The stem bark is used by the population in the northeast of Brazil to treat aches, infections and inflammations in general. The present work evaluated both the phytochemistry of M. rigida Mart by an analytical routine, and the antimicrobial activity of the bark extracts by the Kirby-Bauer modified method. Our results showed the aqueous, methanol, chloroform, ethyl acetate and hydroalcoolic extracts of M. rigida Mart has antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus, while the hexane extract does not have any activity. Catechins, quinones, steroids, triterpenes, saponins, flavonoids and phenolic compounds were detected by the phytochemical analysis.

  14. La Ritmomaquia: las virtudes educativas de un juego de tablero en la obra de Fray Martín Sarmiento

    OpenAIRE

    María Álvarez Lires; Uxío Pérez Rodríguez

    2009-01-01

    La Ritmomaquia, un juego popular en los siglos XVII y XVIII, era un juego de tablero altamente complejo en el que las habilidades matemáticas desempeñaban un papel importante. En este artículo se describirá someramente este juego y se relatarán las opiniones de Fray Martín Sarmiento sobre su utilidad como recurso pedagógico. En particular, se mostrará lo avanzado del pensamiento de Fray Martín, que defendía la importancia de la actividad física para la juventud y sostenía que los juegos podía...

  15. Era Sanctorum: la beatificación inconclusa del padre Diego Martínez, SJ (1627-1634

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    Coello de la Rosa, Alexandre

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay analyzes the politics of sanctity of the Society of Jesus in Viceregal Peru (17th Century through the process of beatification of the Spanish Father Diego Martínez (1627-34. An unfinished process that has been filed in the Jesuit archives for centuries and was never introduced in the Sacred Congregation of Rites, in the Vatican.Este ensayo analiza las políticas de santidad de la Compañía de Jesús en el Perú virreinal (siglo XVII a través del proceso de beatificación del padre extremeño Diego Martínez (1627-34. Un proceso inconcluso que ha permanecido en los archivos jesuitas durante siglos y que nunca se introdujo en la Sagrada Congregación de Ritos, en el Vaticano.

  16. Resposta cronotrópica ao teste anaeróbio máximo de corrida - MART

    OpenAIRE

    Flávio Areal Lemos; Tony Meireles Santos

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUÇÃO: A frequência cardíaca (FC) no teste anaeróbio máximo de corrida (MART) expressa o comportamento autonômico cardíaco em exercício. Ainda não foi investigado se tais respostas cronotrópicas apresentam associação com o desempenho aeróbio e anaeróbio. OBJETIVOS: Descrever a resposta cronotrópica cardíaca durante o MART nos segundos iniciais de estímulo (FC ON) e de recuperação (FC OFF) e estabelecer a associação entre as variáveis cronotrópicas com o desempenho aeróbio e anaeróbio. MÉ...

  17. "Nuestra América": José Martí ante la Razón Moderna

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Pablo Rodríguez

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo es un acercamiento al difícil y singular diálogo con el pensamiento moderno y sus procedimientos del escritor, pensador y político cubano José Martí. La tesis es que el ideario de Martí expresó los intereses y la perspectiva de los pueblos de Hispanoamérica, a la que llamó Nuestra América, por oposición, según escribió ¿a la otra América, que no es nuestra¿. Plenamente consciente de que la identidad de la región se sustentaba en una cultura nueva, mestiza de lo aborigen y lo esp...

  18. El proyecto cultural liberador de José Martí para su tiempo y para el siglo XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elmys Escribano Hervis

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se sostiene la validez y significación del proyecto cultural liberador de José Martí para América Latina. Se analiza desde el momento en que fue concebido a fines del siglo xix y para la actualidad. La determinación y defensa de los puntos de vista que se presentan han sido posibles mediante el análisis de la obra completa de José Martí recogida en los 28 tomos editados en 1963, por la Editorial Nacional de Cuba. El análisis textual de dichas fuentes lo completa su contrastación con el contexto con - dicionante de las últimas décadas del siglo xix , especialmente en Cuba, México, Guatemala, Venezuela y Estados Unidos, sus con - tradicciones y tendencias de desarrollo. La exposición del con te - nido del artículo se ha estructurado en tres apartados: el primero es titulado “América Latina hasta fines del siglo XIX”; el segun - do, “José Martí, su conocimiento y vocación latinoamericana”; y el tercero, “El proyecto cultural liberador martiano para América Latina en todos los tiempos”. Se sostiene la idea de la libertad en José Martí como centro vital del proyecto de cambio y desarrollo para América Latina, en la que vertebró coherentemente su dis - curso cultural al que se integra la educación, la ciencia, la prensa y el arte, en distintas manifestaciones.

  19. Modeling the Potential Distribution of Picea chihuahuana Martínez, an Endangered Species at the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Species distribution models (SDMs) help identify areas for the development of populations or communities to prevent extinctions, especially in the face of the global environmental change. This study modeled the potential distribution of the tree Picea chihuahuana Martínez, a species in danger of extinction, using the maximum entropy modeling method (MaxEnt) at three scales: local, state and national. We used a total of 38 presence data from the Sierra Madre Occidental. At the local scale, we...

  20. Mart Viljus : insener Garin ja moodne häkker = Engineer Garin and modern hacker / Peeter Linnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnap, Peeter, 1960-

    2012-01-01

    Füüsik Mart Viljus on kunstnik, kes armastab allikmaterjalina kasutada olmes ringlevaid märke, valmisesemeid, mis on talle emblemaatilise tähendusega. Ta võtab need osadeks lahti ja paigutab seejärel nihestatult uuteks tervikuteks. Nõnda tekivad uued tähendused ja avaldub kunstniku isiklik suhtumine ühiskonda, mida vürtsitab paras annus huumorit, absurdi ja irooniat. Analüüsitakse põhiliselt 1990-ndate aastate loomingut

  1. Fur-rubbing with Piper leaves in the San Martín titi monkey, Callicebus oenanthe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Huashuayo-Llamocca

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available We report observations on fur-rubbing with leaves from Piper aduncum by a San Martín titi monkey, Callicebus oenanthe. Fur-rubbing occurred during the transition from the dry to the rainy season in a titi monkey group living in a forest fragment in the Moyobamba region of Peru. Since Piper leaves include very potent compounds that may affect ectoparasites, we tentatively interpret the observed fur-rubbing as self-medication.

  2. Early Parent-infant Interactions; Are Health Visitors' Observations Reliable?:Cross-sectional study of Marte Meo therapists' Competence

    OpenAIRE

    Kristensen, Ingeborg Hedegaard; Simonsen, Marianne; Trillingsgaard, Tea; Kronborg, Hanne

    2014-01-01

    Early Parent-infant Interactions: Are Health Visitors’ Observations Reliable?Cross-sectional study of Danish Marte Meo Therapists’ Competence The quality of parent-infant relations is essential for infant development, and its assessment by health visitors is potentially important to promote healthy relations. The objectives of this study were to explore health visitors’ observation skills assessing parent-infant interaction and their intention, self-efficacy and knowledge in early relationshi...

  3. Mart Viljus : insener Garin ja moodne häkker = Engineer Garin and modern hacker / Peeter Linnap

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnap, Peeter, 1960-

    2012-01-01

    Füüsik Mart Viljus on kunstnik, kes armastab allikmaterjalina kasutada olmes ringlevaid märke, valmisesemeid, mis on talle emblemaatilise tähendusega. Ta võtab need osadeks lahti ja paigutab seejärel nihestatult uuteks tervikuteks. Nõnda tekivad uued tähendused ja avaldub kunstniku isiklik suhtumine ühiskonda, mida vürtsitab paras annus huumorit, absurdi ja irooniat. Analüüsitakse põhiliselt 1990-ndate aastate loomingut

  4. Adoptive transfer of MART-1 T cell receptor transgenic lymphocytes and dendritic cell vaccination in patients with metastatic melanoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chodon, Thinle; Comin-Anduix, Begonya; Chmielowski, Bartosz; Koya, Richard C; Wu, Zhongqi; Auerbach, Martin; Ng, Charles; Avramis, Earl; Seja, Elizabeth; Villanueva, Arturo; McCannel, Tara A.; Ishiyama, Akira; Czernin, Johannes; Radu, Caius G.; Wang, Xiaoyan; Gjertson, David W.; Cochran, Alistair J.; Cornetta, Kenneth; Wong, Deborah J.L.; Kaplan-lefko, Paula; Hamid, Omid; Samlowski, Wolfram; Cohen, Peter A.; Daniels, Gregory A.; Mukherji, Bijay; Yang, Lili; Zack, Jerome A.; Kohn, Donald B.; Heath, James R.; Glaspy, John A.; Witte, Owen N.; Baltimore, David; Economou, James S.; Ribas, Antoni

    2014-01-01

    Purpose It has been demonstrated that large numbers of tumor-specific T cells for adoptive cell transfer (ACT) can be manufactured by retroviral genetic engineering of autologous peripheral blood lymphocytes and expanding them over several weeks. In mouse models, this therapy is optimized when administered with dendritic cell (DC) vaccination. We developed a short one-week manufacture protocol to determine the feasibility, safety and antitumor efficacy of this double cell therapy. Experimnetal Design A clinical trial (NCT00910650) adoptively transferring MART-1 T cell receptor (TCR) transgenic lymphocytes together with MART-1 peptide pulsed DC vaccination in HLA-A2.1 patients with metastatic melanoma. Autologous TCR transgenic cells were manufactured in 6 to 7 days using retroviral vector gene transfer, and re-infused with (n = 10) or without (n = 3) prior cryopreservation. Results 14 patients with metastatic melanoma were enrolled and nine out of 13 treated patients (69%) showed evidence of tumor regression. Peripheral blood reconstitution with MART-1-specific T cells peaked within two weeks of ACT indicating rapid in vivo expansion. Administration of freshly manufactured TCR transgenic T cells resulted in a higher persistence of MART-1-specific T cells in the blood as compared to cryopreserved. Evidence that DC vaccination could cause further in vivo expansion was only observed with ACT using non-cryopreserved T cells. Conclusion Double cell therapy with ACT of TCR engineered T cells with a very short ex vivo manipulation and DC vaccines is feasible and results in antitumor activity, but improvements are needed to maintain tumor responses. PMID:24634374

  5. Human macrophages and dendritic cells can equally present MART-1 antigen to CD8(+ T cells after phagocytosis of gamma-irradiated melanoma cells.

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    María Marcela Barrio

    Full Text Available Dendritic cells (DC can achieve cross-presentation of naturally-occurring tumor-associated antigens after phagocytosis and processing of dying tumor cells. They have been used in different clinical settings to vaccinate cancer patients. We have previously used gamma-irradiated MART-1 expressing melanoma cells as a source of antigens to vaccinate melanoma patients by injecting irradiated cells with BCG and GM-CSF or to load immature DC and use them as a vaccine. Other clinical trials have used IFN-gamma activated macrophage killer cells (MAK to treat cancer patients. However, the clinical use of MAK has been based on their direct tumoricidal activity rather than on their ability to act as antigen-presenting cells to stimulate an adaptive antitumor response. Thus, in the present work, we compared the fate of MART-1 after phagocytosis of gamma-irradiated cells by clinical grade DC or MAK as well as the ability of these cells to cross present MART-1 to CD8(+ T cells. Using a high affinity antibody against MART-1, 2A9, which specifically stains melanoma tumors, melanoma cell lines and normal melanocytes, the expression level of MART-1 in melanoma cell lines could be related to their ability to stimulate IFN-gamma production by a MART-1 specific HLA-A*0201-restricted CD8(+ T cell clone. Confocal microscopy with Alexa Fluor®(647-labelled 2A9 also showed that MART-1 could be detected in tumor cells attached and/or fused to phagocytes and even inside these cells as early as 1 h and up to 24 h or 48 h after initiation of co-cultures between gamma-irradiated melanoma cells and MAK or DC, respectively. Interestingly, MART-1 was cross-presented to MART-1 specific T cells by both MAK and DC co-cultured with melanoma gamma-irradiated cells for different time-points. Thus, naturally occurring MART-1 melanoma antigen can be taken-up from dying melanoma cells into DC or MAK and both cell types can induce specific CD8(+ T cell cross-presentation thereafter.

  6. Martín Sarmiento, el benedictino gallego que en repetidas ocasiones rechazó las ofertas del rey

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    Santos Puerto, José

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article we review some activities and appointments of Martín Sarmiento, Benedictine monk of the Saint Martin´s Abbey in Madrid. We will know details on his election in 1748 for the abbey of the monastery. We will investigate the reasons that led him not to accept the inherent salaries in the title of Cronista General de Indias, who was granted to him by Fernando VI in 1750. And also we will verify how it was designated by the king abbot of Ripoll in 1755 and why he resigned on the following year.En este artículo se recuerdan algunas actividades y nombramientos del benedictino Martín Sarmiento. Conoceremos detalles sobre su elección en 1748 para la abadía del monasterio de San Martín de Madrid, su casa de profesión. Indagaremos las razones que le llevaron a no querer cobrar los sueldos inherentes al título de cronista general de Indias, que le fue concedido por Fernando VI en 1750. Y averiguaremos cómo fue designado por el Rey abad de Ripoll en 1755 y por qué renunció al año siguiente.

  7. Alelopatia em extratos de frutos de juazeiro (Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. - Rhamnaceae Allelopathy caused by fruit extract of juazeiro (Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. - Rhamnaceae

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    Andreya Kalyana de Oliveira

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o potencial alelopático do extrato de frutos de juazeiro (Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. sobre as sementes de alface (Lactuca sativa. O experimento foi conduzido em delineamento inteiramente casualizado com 4 repetições e cinco tratamentos (0%, 25%, 50%, 75% e 100% de concentração do extrato bruto. O extrato bruto foi obtido após a extração manual da polpa do fruto e agitação com água em liquidificador utilizando-se 50g de polpa para 500ml de água, e o mesmo foi feito com a casca do fruto. Os resultados mostraram efeito do extrato dependendo da concentração. As maiores concentrações do extrato (100%, 75% e 50% da polpa dos frutos Z. joazeiro apresentaram efeito alelopático desfavorável sobre a germinação de alface, reduzindo-a em 100%, 98,75% e 82,5% respectivamente. O extrato das cascas dos frutos nas concentrações de 75% e 100% reduziu a germinação da alface em 28,75% e 78,75%.This study aimed to identify the allelopathic activity of extracts obtained from Ziziphus joazeiro fruits on the germination of Lactuca sativa L. A randomized design was used with four replications and five treatments (0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% concentration of the crude extract. The crude extract was obtained after manual extration of the fruit pulp and agitation with water in a blender using 50g of pulp in 500ml of water. The same was done with the fruit rind. The results showed the effect of the extract depending on concentration. The greatest extract concentrations (100%, 75% and 50% of Z. joazeiro fruit pulp had an unfavorable allelopathic effect on lettuce germination, having reduced it by 100%, 98.75% and 82.5% respectively. The extract of the fruits rinds in concentrations of 75% and 100% reduced lettuce germination by 28.75% and 78.75%.

  8. Lehtmetalliline maailm / Kristiina Garancis, Didier Deschamps ; interv. Kristiina Garancis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garancis, Kristiina, 1969-

    1999-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise uue tantsu festival - Augusti TantsuFestival. Vestlus Prantsuse Kultuuriministeeriumi tantsunõuniku D. Deschamps'iga prantsuse tantsukunsti olukorrast ja kultuuriministeeriumi tantsuosakonna tööst

  9. Lehtmetalliline maailm / Kristiina Garancis, Didier Deschamps ; interv. Kristiina Garancis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garancis, Kristiina, 1969-

    1999-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise uue tantsu festival - Augusti TantsuFestival. Vestlus Prantsuse Kultuuriministeeriumi tantsunõuniku D. Deschamps'iga prantsuse tantsukunsti olukorrast ja kultuuriministeeriumi tantsuosakonna tööst

  10. Resposta cronotrópica ao teste anaeróbio máximo de corrida - MART

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    Flávio Areal Lemos

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A frequência cardíaca (FC no teste anaeróbio máximo de corrida (MART expressa o comportamento autonômico cardíaco em exercício. Ainda não foi investigado se tais respostas cronotrópicas apresentam associação com o desempenho aeróbio e anaeróbio. OBJETIVOS: Descrever a resposta cronotrópica cardíaca durante o MART nos segundos iniciais de estímulo (FC ON e de recuperação (FC OFF e estabelecer a associação entre as variáveis cronotrópicas com o desempenho aeróbio e anaeróbio. MÉTODOS: Foram voluntários 13 homens assintomáticos e fisicamente ativos, com 25,1 ± 4,9 anos, 76,8 ± 12,5 kg, 178,4 ± 9,0 cm e 50,6 ± 4,1 mL×kg‑1×min‑1. Na primeira visita, após a anamnese e medidas antropométricas, foi realizado um teste cardiopulmonar de exercício (TCPE com monitoração direta dos gases expirados. Na segunda visita, foi feita uma familiarização ao MART e na terceira, o teste de MART conduzido até a exaustão. RESULTADOS: A FC de recuperação (58 ± 20 bpm comparada à FC de pico alcançada no primeiro e no último estágio de MART (39 ± 14 bpm apresentou maior inclinação, resultando em maior amplitude de variação ao longo do teste, caracterizando diferenças significativas (P = 0,0017. A FC ON apresentou entre o momento inicial, meio e final do MART diferenças significativas (inicial versus final, p = 0,007. Para FC OFF foram encontradas diferenças significativas do início com o meio (p = 0,035 e do início com o final (p = 0,005 do teste. As correlações entre as variáveis cronotrópicas e de desempenho não apresentaram significância estatística (P < 0,05, assim como com as variáveis de desempenho. CONCLUSÃO: O MART parece ser um modelo de sobrecargas fisiológicas adequado para investigação da modulação autonômica cardíaca. Observou-se atuação do sistema parassimpático mesmo em cargas supramáximas até o final do teste.

  11. Triterpene Esters and Biological Activities from Edible Fruits of Manilkara subsericea (Mart. Dubard, Sapotaceae

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    Caio P. Fernandes

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Manilkara subsericea (Mart. Dubard (Sapotaceae is popularly known in Brazil as “guracica.” Studies with Manilkara spp indicated the presence of triterpenes, saponins, and flavonoids. Several activities have been attributed to Manilkara spp such as antimicrobial, antiparasitic and antitumoral, which indicates the great biological potential of this genus. In all, 87.19% of the hexanic extract from fruits relative composition were evaluated, in which 72.81% were beta- and alpha-amyrin esters, suggesting that they may be chemical markers for M. subsericea. Hexadecanoic acid, hexadecanoic acid ethyl ester, (E-9-octadecenoic acid ethyl ester, and octadecanoic acid ethyl ester were also identified. Ethanolic crude extracts from leaves, stems, and hexanic extract from fruits exhibited antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC25923. These extracts had high IC50 values against Vero cells, demonstrating weak cytotoxicity. This is the first time, to our knowledge, that beta- and alpha-amyrin caproates and caprylates are described for Manilkara subsericea.

  12. METHODS FOR OVERCOMING SEED DORMANCY AND THE INITIAL GROWTH OF Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. IN DIFFERENT SOILS

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    JOSENARA DAIANE DE SOUZA COSTA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Considering the potential and importance of biodiversity of the Caatinga biome, studies on endemic species are relevant to conservation of its natural resources. The objectives of this work was to evaluate seed viability and physical methods for overcoming seed dormancy in juazeiro (Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. and assess the influence of different types of soil on the initial growth of juazeiro plants. The experiments were conducted in three stages. In the first stage, the viability of seeds from different lots was evaluated using the tetrazolium test. The second stage was conducted in a plant nursery, evaluating the application of physical processes (scarification with sandpaper and hammer in overcoming seed dormancy, and the initial growth of the plants. In the third step, the chlorophyll a and b contents, gas exchange and dry matter accumulation were evaluated in young juazeiro plants in three types of soil (Oxisol, Entisol and Vertisol. The results indicate that the viability of juazeiro seeds is greatly influenced by differences between the progenitor plants and by storage conditions, which enable a longevity of two years when stored at 22°C and 16% of relative humidity. The scarification methods with sandpaper and hammer are not efficient to reduce the time and uniform seed germination. The juazeiro plants have high growth potential in different edaphic environments, adapting well to soils of different textures and chemical compositions.

  13. Non-fermented and fermented jabuticaba (Myrciaria cauliflora Mart.) pomaces as valuable sources of functional ingredients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales, Patricia; Barros, Lillian; Dias, Maria Inês; Santos-Buelga, Celestino; Ferreira, Isabel C F R; Ramirez Asquieri, Eduardo; Berrios, José De J

    2016-10-01

    Jabuticaba (Myrciaria cauliflora. Mart) is a highly perishable fruit native to Brazil, which is consumed both fresh and industrially processed in the form of juices, jams, wines and distilled liqueurs. This processing generates a large amount of waste by-products, which represent approximately 50% of the fruit weight. The by-products are of interest for obtaining valuable bioactive compounds that could be used as nutraceuticals or functional ingredients. In this study, fermented and non-fermented jabuticaba pomaces were studied regarding their hydrophilic and lipophilic compounds, as well as their antioxidant properties, including: soluble sugars, organic acids and tocopherols (using high performance liquid chromatography coupled to refraction index, diode array and fluorescence detector, respectively); phenolics and anthocyanins, (using liquid chromatography coupled to diode array detection, and mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization); and fatty acids (using gas-liquid chromatography with flame ionization detection). The analytical data demonstrated that jabuticaba pomaces are a rich source of bioactive compounds such as tocopherols, polyunsaturated fatty acids and phenolic compounds (namely hydrolyzable tannins and anthocyanins) with antioxidant potential. Therefore, jabuticaba pomace may have good potential as a functional ingredient in the fabrication of human foods and animal feed.

  14. Diet Composition and Feeding Strategies of the Stone Marten (Martes foina in a Typical Mediterranean Ecosystem

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    Dimitrios E. Bakaloudis

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Stone martens (Martes foina are documented as generalist throughout their distributional range whose diet composition is affected by food availability. We tested if this occurs and what feeding strategies it follows in a typical Mediterranean ecosystem in Central Greece by analysing contents from 106 stomachs, seasonally collected from three different habitats during 2003–2006. Seasonal variation in diet and feeding strategies was evident and linked to seasonal nutritional requirements, but possibly imposed by strong interference competition and intraguild predation. Fleshy fruits and arthropods predominated in the diet, but also mammals and birds were frequently consumed. An overall low dietary niche breadth (BA=0.128 indicated a fruit specialization tendency. A generalised diet occurred in spring with high individual specialisation, whereas more animal-type prey was consumed than fruits. A population specialization towards fruits was indicated during summer and autumn, whereas insects were consumed occasionally by males. In those seasons it switched to more clumped food types such as fruits and insects. In winter it selectively exploited both adult and larvae insects and partially fruits overwinter on plants. The tendency to consume particular prey items seasonally reflected both the population specialist behaviour and the individual flexibility preyed on different food resources.

  15. PHYSICAL, CHEMICAL, AND LIPID COMPOSITION OF JUÇARA (EUTERPE EDULIS MART. PULP

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    Paula Porrelli Moreira da SILVA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Juçara palm (Euterpe edulis Martius is native to the Brazilian Atlantic Forest and is an endangered species due to intensive exploration to produce hearts of palm. In the last few years, juçara plantation has been implemented for fruit production and pulp extraction, similar to açaí (Euterpe oleracea Mart.. The objective of this study was to assess the physical, chemical, and lipid composition of juçara pulp, in order to establish the exact measures of its quality aiming to demonstrate the product potential for commercialization. Our results revealed high content of essential minerals, such as magnesium, copper, zinc, iron, and manganese, antioxidant compounds (anthocyanins, and high quality fatty acids (palmitic, oleic and linoleic, indicating the importance and functionality of the product for human consumption. Due to the high content of dark pigments found in juçara pulp, this product can also be used as a natural food dye, not only producing an attractive appearance, but also adding beneficial compounds for human health.

  16. Garcinielliptone FC, a polyisoprenylated benzophenone from Platonia insignis Mart., promotes vasorelaxant effect on rat mesenteric artery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arcanjo, Daniel Dias Rufino; da Costa-Júnior, Joaquim Soares; Moura, Lucas Henrique Porfírio; Ferraz, Alexandre Barros Falcão; Rossatto, Raíssa Rebés; David, Jorge Maurício; Quintans-Júnior, Lucindo José; Oliveira, Rita de Cássia Meneses; Citó, Antônia Maria das Graças Lopes; de Oliveira, Aldeídia Pereira

    2014-01-01

    Polyisoprenylated benzophenones represent a group of chemical compounds commonly identified in Clusiaceae species and are responsible for a large amount of biological activities. In this work, the vasorelaxant effect induced by garcinielliptone FC (GFC) isolated from Platonia insignis Mart. (Clusiaceae), a monotype species from Platonia genus, was investigated. GFC promoted an endothelium-independent vasorelaxation on phenylephrine (PHE, 10(-5) mol L(-1))-induced vasoconstriction, but not on KCl (80 mmol L(-1))-induced vasoconstriction, on rat superior mesenteric artery rings. In addition, a concentration-dependent decrease of PHE- or serotonin-induced cumulative concentration-response curves was observed for GFC, and a slight decrease of pD₂ value on CaCl₂-induced vasoconstriction. In a Ca(2+)-free medium, GFC interfered in calcium mobilisation from PHE (10(-5) mol L(-1))-sensitive intracellular stores. GFC-induced vasorelaxant effect is probably mediated by a dual effect on mobilisation of calcium intracellular stores and attenuation of transmembrane calcium influx.

  17. Aída Martínez Carreño

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    Pablo Rodríguez Jiménez

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available (Bucaramanga, 16 de abril de 1940 – Bogotá, 28 de mayo de 2009. Conocí a Aída Martínez en Medellín, en 1984, en una reunión académica organizada por la Cámara del Comercio. Y fue Germán Colmenares quien me la presentó en un descanso, mientras tomábamos un café. Recuerdo la manera como el maestro se refirió a su actividad al frente del Fondo Cultural Cafetero. En la conversación también se coló el valor que tenía el Museo del Siglo xix para la cultura de Bogotá, museo al que Aída le había dedicado tanto empeño. Pero, ahora que vuelvo a recordar ese encuentro, descubro que en ese momento algo que me sorprendió fue el conocimiento preciso de Aída sobre los hechos, obras y autores del siglo xix. Un siglo que aún entonces no estudiábamos mucho, y al que efectivamente el Fondo Cultural Cafetero dedicó célebres simposios, y auspició muchas de sus publicaciones.

  18. Adaptations to fasting in a terrestrial mustelid, the sable (Martes zibellina).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustonen, Anne-Mari; Puukka, Matti; Saarela, Seppo; Paakkonen, Tommi; Aho, Jari; Nieminen, Petteri

    2006-08-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate whether the actively wintering Palearctic sable Martes zibellina has evolved physiological adaptations to tolerate nutritional scarcity. Sixteen farm-bred male sables were divided into a fed control group and an experimental group fasted for 4 days. The rate of weight loss in the sable was similar to other medium-sized mustelids. Fasting led to hypoglycaemia and to a decreased lymphocyte percentage. The sable derived metabolic energy from both subcutaneous and intraabdominal white adipose tissues and the relative decrease in fat mass was the largest for the retroperitoneal and subcutaneous depots. Metabolic energy derived partly from body proteins indicated by the increased plasma levels of urea, uric acid and total essential amino acids. Triacylglycerols accumulated in the livers of the fasted sables and the increased plasma aminotransferase activities suggested hepatic dysfunction. The decreased plasma insulin concentrations and the elevated cortisol levels probably contributed to stimulated lipolysis and protein catabolism. Moreover, fasting increased the plasma ghrelin concentrations of the sables and down-regulated the thyroid activity.

  19. Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of jatobá-do-cerrado (Hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart. flour

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    Cintia Pereira Da Silva

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The Brazilian Savannah, known as "Cerrado," has an extensive biodiversity, but it is under explored. Among the native vegetables is the jatobá-do-cerrado (Hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart., a legume with great potential for exploration for its content of dietary fiber. Legumes are an important source of nutrient compounds, such as phenolic compounds and vitamins that have antioxidant properties. This study aimed at determining the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the jatobá flour. The jatobá flour showed high fiber content (insoluble and soluble fiber 47.8 and 12.8 g.100 g- 1, respectively, significant amounts of carotenoids such as beta-carotene and lutein, and some minerals such as calcium: 145 mg.100 g- 1, magnesium: 125 mg.100 g- 1, and potassium: 1352 mg.100 g- 1. The jatobá flour extracted with different solvents (water, methanol, and acetone exhibited antioxidant activity by the DPPH, FRAP, and ORAC methods. The solvent used in the extraction affected the total phenolic content and antioxidant activity. Acetone extraction produced the best results. Therefore, the jatobá flour is an ingredient that can be used to develop new products with properties that promote health.

  20. Absence of antimutagenicity of Cochlospermum regium (Mart. and Schr. Pilger 1924 by micronucleus test in mice

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    LS. Andrade

    Full Text Available Cochlospermum regium (Mart. and Schr. Pilger, popularly known as "algodãozinho do campo", is a medicinal plant that grows in the Cerrado of Brazil. This plant has been used in traditional medicine against various diseases such as leucorrhoea, gastritis and ulcers. It has also been effective in treating skin problems like pimples, boils and blotches. In the present study, the in vivo antimutagenicity of aqueous extract of C. regium was evaluated. The Micronucleus Test was performed in polychromatic erythrocytes from Swiss male mice treated with one of the four doses of extract of the plant (19, 38, 76 and 114 mg.kg-1 body weight, administered by intraperitonial injection (i.p. simultaneously with cyclophosphamide (24 mg.kg-1 b.w. or mitomycin C (4 mg.kg-1 b.w.. The cytotoxicity was evaluated by polychromatic and normochromatic erythrocytes ratio (PCE/NCE. The results showed no significant reduction of the micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes frequency (P > 0.05. In conclusion, the data indicate that C. regium roots aqueous extract, for the conditions used, did not exhibit the antimutagenic effect.

  1. Ozone profiles retrieved from SCIMACHY Chappuis-Wulf limb scatter measurements using MART

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, S.

    2010-12-01

    The SCanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric CHartographY (SCIAMACHY) instrument, launched on the Envisat satellite in March 2002, will measure the earthshine radiance, simultaneously from the ultraviolet (UV) to the near infrared (NIR), in the three viewing geometries nadir, limb, and occultation. These measurements will be used to retrieve both the total amount and vertical profiles of a large number of atmospheric constituents. In this paper, stratospheric ozone profiles between 15 and 40 km altitude are retrieved on 3 km grids from SCIMACHY limb scattered radiance in the Chappuis-Wulf band. It employs a new multiplicative algebraic reconstruction technique (MART) coupled with the radiative transfer model SCIATRAN. Radiance normalization and wavelength pairing is applied to radiance as an intermediate step, using the wavelengths 525 nm, 600 nm and 675 nm. The sensitivity of ozone retrieval by this method to tangent altitude pointing, surface albedo, aerosol and cloud parameters is studied, the results show that the retrieval impact due to tangent altitude pointing bias is the biggest can be up to 75% with 1 km shift, and the impact of albedo is limited within 5%. The effect of boundary visibility and cloud parameters can be ignored since these impact is too small. The effectiveness of the retrieval is demonstrated using a set of coincident SCIMACHY product at Hefei that shows a mean bias of less than 12% between 15 and 40 km, and with a better accuracy of 5% from 16 to 36 km.

  2. Genetic diversity of four populations of Qualea grandiflora Mart. in fragments of the Brazilian Cerrado.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antiqueira, Lia Maris Orth Ritter; Kageyama, Paulo Yoshio

    2014-02-01

    We analyzed the genetic structure and diversity of Qualea grandiflora Mart., the most abundant woody species in the Brazilian Cerrado. Eight microsatellite loci were used to analyze samples from four populations subjected to different types of anthropic pressure, distributed throughout the state of São Paulo in the regions of Assis, Brotas, Itirapina and Pedregulho. Results indicated a mean number of 12 alleles per locus, but only six effective alleles. Alleles private to particular populations and rare alleles were also detected. An excess of homozygotes and moderate levels of inbreeding were observed. No clones were identified. All populations departed from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (p < 0.05). Spatial structure was observed in the distribution of specimens in distance classes ranging from 30 to 40 km and three genetic clusters were identified, with genotypes in the Pedregulho population differing from the others by up to 90 %. The influence of the Wahlund effect on the studied populations lies between 8.5 and 53.3 %. Estimates of effective population size were low (<10), and the minimum viable area for conservation in the short-, medium- and long-term was estimated to be between 4 and 184 ha. Gene flow was high enough to counter the effects of genetic drift. The genetic diversity and divergence between the studied populations indicated that the Pedregulho population should be considered an Evolutionary Significant Unit and a Management Unit.

  3. Eugenia dysenterica Mart. Ex DC. (cagaita: planta brasileira com potencial terapêutico

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    Sandra Márcia MAZUTI SILVA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available O Brasil possui uma das maiores diversidades florísticas do mundo, com vários biomas de características diversas. Esses biomas são uma rica fonte de espécies vegetais utilizadas pelos habitantes locais como alimento e/ou para fins medicinais. Em 2006 foi publicada a Politica Nacional de Plantas Medicinais e Fitoterápicos (PNPMF que estabeleceu diretrizes de atuação do Governo Federal na área, com o objetivo de fomentar o desenvolvimento industrial e tecnológico e estimular o uso sustentável da biodiversidade nacional. O Programa Nacional de Plantas Medicinais e Fitoterápicos, por sua vez, estabeleceu as ações dos diversos parceiros, para garantir o acesso, o desenvolvimento tecnológio e o uso de plantas medicinais e fitoterápicos de forma segura, eficaz e com qualidade. Eugenia dysenterica Mart ex DC é uma espécie brasileira encontrada no bioma Cerrado e utilizada como alimento e para fins medicinais. Assim, no sentido de contribuir para a PNPMF, foi elaborada uma monografia mostrando os avanços nos estudos sobre essa espécie, potencialmente útil para no desenvolvimento de fitoterápico genuinamente nacional.

  4. Proteccionismo, filibusterismo, libre comercio: José Martí y los tratados comerciales

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    José Luis Díaz Naranjo

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Aun cuando los tratados de libre comercio se han constituido en los principales instrumentos de regulación en lo comercial, entre países, en los últimos 25 años, estos han sido un referente constante en los procesos bilaterales y multilaterales de negociación en esta materia. Como práctica se remonta al siglo XIX. En este sentido José Martí, héroe cubano, desarrolla un análisis del acuerdo comercial entre México y los Estados Unidos, propuesto en 1883, que mantiene vigencia, sobre la base de los preceptos en los que se fundamenta, el tráficode mercancías y uso de recursos de todo tipo. Los acuerdos de esta naturaleza responden a estrategias propias del proceso de acumulación de capital, dentro del marco de la realización de la ganancia. Este artículo hace referencia al análisis martiano y su expresión en el proceso de globalización del signo actual, el referido a los tratados de libre comercio como medios de expansión y dominio político y económico.

  5. Biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae from Martín García Island, Argentina

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    María M Ronderos

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Nearly 230 species of biting midges have been recorded or described from Argentina; 38 of them are known from the Buenos Aires province and only one is cited from Martín García Island. This paper presents the results raised from six collecting trips which took place on the island during spring 2005, summer 2006 and autumn 2009. Diverse sampling sites including permanent and temporary aquatic environments were chosen, most of the ten sampling sites were ponds of diverse origin, some of these environments were covered with floating vegetation as Lemna gibba, Lemna minuscule, Salvinia biloba, Salvinia minima, Azolla filiculoides, Limnobium laevigatum, Pistia stratiotes, Spirodela intermedia, Wolffiella oblonga and Wolffia columbiana. Other sites were placed in urban and suburban areas. Adults were collected with sweep nets at sunrise and sunset and with light traps at intervals of four to five hours at night, depending on electricity availability on the island. Larvae and pupae were collected with different implements depending on characteristics of each surveyed aquatic habitat. In free standing water, they were captured with small sieves or hand pipettes and micropipettes, flotation techniques were utilized for sampling vegetated areas, free and rooted floating hydrophytes were extracted for removing insects among them. Thirteen species of Ceratopogonidae were collected, three of Atrichopogon Kieffer, three of Forcipomyia Meigen, two of Dasyhelea Kieffer, four of Culicoides Latreille, and one of Bezzia Kieffer, all representing new records from the island. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (3: 1183-1194. Epub 2011 September 01.

  6. Initial development and gas exchange of Talisia subalbens (Mart. Radlk. under different shading conditions

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    Fernanda Carlota Nery

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Ecophysiological studies under semi-controlled conditions in nurseries and greenhouses are essential to enable the use of native species to recover degraded areas and for commercial planting. Talisia subalbens (Mart Radlk, 'cascudo', is a native fruiting species of the Cerrado on the verge of extinction. The ecophysiological performance of this species was evaluated in nursery conditions under different levels of shading (full sunshine, 30%, 50% and 70%. Initial growth, biomass allocation, gas exchange and chlorophyll content of the plants were analyzed. Full sunshine cultivated plants showed a higher accumulation of total, shoot, and root dry biomass. There was no significant difference in the root/shoot ratio among the treatments. Seedlings cultivated under full sunshine and 30% shading showed higher values for height, basal diameter, and leaf area. Differences in stomata conductance and photosynthesis rate were not observed among the different shading levels. Plants cultivated under 70% of shading had higher contents of chlorophyll a, b, and total. During the initial phase with higher levels of radiation were fundamental for the development of T. subalbens seedlings.

  7. Importancia agroecológica del coyul (Acrocomia mexicana Karw. ex Mart.

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    Blanca C. Ramírez Hernández

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Acrocomia mexicana Karw. ex Mart. es una especie que se extiende desde el Pacífico mexicano hasta Centro y Sudamérica. El fruto (coyul es apreciado desde la época prehispánica, sin embargo, su consumo ha disminuido frente a otros frutos nativos y así como de los introducidos con mayor aceptación en el mercado. Se realizó un estudio en San Blas, Nayarit, México, en el que se llevó a cabo la caracterización de un agroecosistema típico donde se explotan poblaciones silvestres y cultivadas de coyul de forma tradicional y se resaltó la importancia económica, ecológica y cultural de la especie. Asimismo, se realizó la caracterización fisicoquímica del fruto; la pulpa y la semilla son fuente principalmente de grasas. De esta especie se pueden obtener subproductos tales como aceites comestibles, alimento para ganado, artesanías, entre otros; igualmente se exponen alternativas de uso llevadas a cabo por otras regiones y países que puedan conducir a conservar espacios ecológicos y culturales.

  8. WAL-MART AS A LEADING RETAILER IN THE SUPPLY CHAIN

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    Jin-Li Hu

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The Wal-Mart effect has a dramatic impact on upstream manufacturers in a supply chain. This study applies a game-theoretic approach to analyze the effects of the leading retailer in a supply chain. We propose three models relating to the interactions between upstream duopolistic manufacturers and a downstream retailer: The first model represents that both manufacturers react simultaneously and independently to the retailer‟s price decision. The second model describes both manufacturers reacting to the retailer‟s decision in a leader-follower price competitive condition. The third model is a traditional upstream-dominating situation, which will be employed to contrast with the first two downstream-dominating models. By changing the degree of substitutability of the two products made by these two manufacturers, there are some findings: (i As a downstream leader in the supply chain, the retailer profit is more than the sum of the two duopolistic manufacturers. (ii If the duopolistic manufacturers also play the leader-follower game, the leader manufacturer‟s profit is greater than the follower manufacturer‟s profit. (iii When comparing to the manufacturer-dominating model, the retailer-dominating models have the lower retail price and an increase in sale quantities. (iv Compared to the manufacturer-dominating model, the retailer-dominating models‟ producer surplus, consumer surplus, and social welfare are improved.

  9. Genetic diversity analysis of Croton antisyphiliticus Mart. using AFLP molecular markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, T G; Pereira, A M S; Coppede, J S; França, S C; Ming, L C; Bertoni, B W

    2016-02-19

    Croton antisyphiliticus Mart. is a medicinal plant native to Cerrado vegetation in Brazil, and it is popularly used to treat urogenital tract infections. The objective of the present study was to assess the genetic variability of natural C. antisyphiliticus populations using AFLP molecular markers. Accessions were collected in the states of Minas Gerais, São Paulo, and Goiás. The genotyping of individuals was performed using a LI-COR® DNA Analyzer 4300. The variability within populations was found to be greater than the variability between them. The F(ST) value was 0.3830, which indicated that the populations were highly structured. A higher percentage of polymorphic loci (92.16%) and greater genetic diversity were found in the population accessions from Pratinha-MG. Gene flow was considered restricted (N(m) = 1.18), and there was no correlation between genetic and geographic distances. The populations of C. antisyphiliticus exhibited an island-model structure, which demonstrates the vulnerability of the species.

  10. Geographic characteristics of sable (Martes zibellina) distribution over time in Northeast China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Rui; Yang, Li; Ai, Lin; Yang, Qiuyuan; Chen, Minhao; Li, Jingxi; Yang, Lei; Luan, Xiaofeng

    2017-06-01

    Understanding historical context can help clarify the ecological and biogeographic characteristics of species population changes. The sable (Martes zibellina) population has decreased dramatically in Northeast China since the l950s, and understanding the changes in its distribution over time is necessary to support conservation efforts. To achieve this goal, we integrated ecological niche modeling and historical records of sables to estimate the magnitude of change in their distribution over time. Our results revealed a 51.71% reduction in their distribution in 2000-2016 compared with the potential distribution in the 1950s. This reduction was related to climate change (Pearson's correlation: Bio1, -.962, p areas due to climate change: In the Greater Khingan Mountains, they moved northward and to lower elevations; in the Lesser Khingan Mountains, they moved northward; and in the Changbai Mountains, they move southward and to higher elevations. Active conservation strategies should be considered in locations where sable populations have migrated or may migrate to.

  11. Nitrogen-fixing bacteria and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in Piptadenia gonoacantha (Mart.) Macbr.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Júnior, Joel Quintino de Oliveira; Jesus, Ederson da Conceição; Lisboa, Francy Junio; Berbara, Ricardo Luis Louro; Faria, Sergio Miana de

    The family Leguminosae comprises approximately 20,000 species that mostly form symbioses with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) and nitrogen-fixing bacteria (NFB). This study is aimed at investigating and confirming the dependence on nodulation and biological nitrogen fixation in the specie Piptadenia gonoacantha (Mart.) Macbr., which belongs to the Piptadenia group. Two consecutive experiments were performed in a greenhouse. The experiments were fully randomized with six replicates and a factorial scheme. For the treatments, the two AMF species and three NFB strains were combined to nodulate P. gonoacantha in addition to the control treatments. The results indicate this species' capacity for nodulation without the AMF; however, the AMF+NFB combinations yielded a considerable gain in P. gonoacantha shoot weight compared with the treatments that only included inoculating with bacteria or AMF. The results also confirm that the treatment effects among the AMF+NFB combinations produced different shoot dry weight/root dry weight ratios. We conclude that AMF is not necessary for nodulation and that this dependence improves species development because plant growth increases upon co-inoculation. Copyright © 2016 Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  12. Nitrogen transformations in a waterhyacinth-based water treatment system. [Eichornia crassipes (Mart. ) Solms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moorhead, K.K.; Reddy, K.R.; Graetz, D.A.

    Fate of added /sup 15/NH/sub 4/-N and /sup 15/NO/sub 3/-N in waterhyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms)-based water treatment system was evaluated under controlled conditions. Labeled /sup 15/NH/sub 4/-N uptake by waterhyacinth exceeded /sup 15/NO/sub 3/-N uptake. Total /sup 15/N recovery by waterhyacinth ranged from 57 to 72% for added /sup 15/NO/sub 3/-N and 70 to 89% for added /sup 15/NH/sub 4/-N. Both sediment and detritus were potential sources of N for waterhyacinths. Waterhyacinths cultured in sewage effluent removed 55% of the added /sup 15/NH/sub 4/-N and 14% of the added /sup 15/NO/sub 3/-N, respectively. Three to 44% of the added /sup 15/NH/sub 4/-N was lost through nitrification in the water column and subsequent denitrification in the underlying sediments, whereas 24 to 86% of the added /sup 15/NO/sub 3/-N was lost through denitrification. In a system without plants, 13 to 89% of the added /sup 15/NH/sub 4/-N and 48 to 96% of the added /sup 15/NO/sub 3/-N were lost from the system through a combination of nitrification/denitrification and NH/sub 3/ volatilization.

  13. ESTIMATING THE AGE OF DEMARCATION OF JUVENILE AND MATURE WOOD IN Luehea divaricata Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darci Alberto Gatto

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed at determining the age of demarcation of juvenile and mature wood of Luehea divaricata Mart., using anatomical characteristics. Three adult trees, in good trunk, with diameter at DBH larger than 30 cm, from Encosta Superior do Nordeste do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, were selected. Discs with thickness of 2 cm at 0.1 m of height from the base of the trunk were used. From each disc a radial ribbon 2 cm wide including the pith was removed. The initial wood of each growth ring was separated for maceration (method of Jeffrey. There were measured length and diameter of thirty fibers from each growth ring. Demarcation of the two types of wood was defined by the radial variation (pith-bark of the anatomical characteristics (length, diameter, width of the lumen and wall thickness of fibers, using simple linear regression. Results indicate that fiber length is the best characteristic, while fiber diameter, lumen width and wall thickness were considered inadequate for demarcation. The age of demarcation of juvenile and mature wood of Luehea divaricata was defined as 21 years-old, approximately.

  14. Eduardo Martínez Alonso (1903-72): gallant surgeon who undertook special operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coni, Nicholas

    2010-02-01

    Eduardo Martínez Alonso was of Spanish and Uruguyan extraction and was born in Vigo in Galicia in 1903. Due to his father's occupation, he was educated in the UK and qualified from the University of Liverpool. He returned to Madrid to practise and during the Civil War he found himself in the Republican zone where his connections with the Royal Family brought him under suspicion. Threatened with execution, he escaped to serve as a surgeon in the Nationalist Army. Being bilingual, he was medical adviser to the British Embassy during World War II; because of his allegiance to this country and acting from humanitarian motives, he became a ringleader in a plot to smuggle fugitives from Nazi-occupied Europe across a pro-Axis Spain to safety. When the Gestapo was closing in on him, he was smuggled to the UK via Portugal. He underwent training as a potential undercover agent should Franco take Spain into the war but, when hostilities ceased, he returned to Madrid and became a leading thoracic surgeon.

  15. Impact of solar dehydration on composition and antioxidant properties of acai (Euterpe oleracea Mart.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangronis, Elba; Sanabria, Neida

    2011-03-01

    Commercial products derived from the acai fruit (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) are available in Brazil, but in Venezuela, it is only known by ethnic indigenous groups of the Amazon. In this study, acai flour was made by solar dehydration and the effect of processing on the composition, microbiological quality, and antioxidant properties of such flour were evaluated. The fruit was purchased in Puerto Ayacucho, Venezuela, and a portion was manually pulped. Microbiological quality, proximal composition, minerals, polyphenols, tannins, anthocyanins, and antioxidant capacity were evaluated. The remaining portion of fruit was blanched in a solution of ascorbic acid and citric acid at 98 degrees C for 1 min in the same manner, manually pulped, dried by solar dehydration and the acai flour was also analysed. From the composition of the acai flour, its high content of fat (22.9%), protein (13.7%), dietary fibre (20.5%), total polyphenols (1.60 g/kg) and antioxidant capacity (79.97%) stood out. The blanching of the fruit and the solar dehydrating of the acai pulp did not modify the composition, but they improved its microbiological quality and reduced phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity. The flour obtained is stable and innocuous and could be used to diversify the diet of the indigenous people of the Amazon region.

  16. Gastric Antiulcerogenic and Hypokinetic Activities of Terminalia fagifolia Mart. & Zucc. (Combretaceae

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    Paulo Humberto M. Nunes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The acute toxicity, the antioxidant activity, and the pharmacological activity on the gastrointestinal tract of rodents of the ethanolic extract (TFEE from the bark of Terminalia fagifolia Mart. & Zucc. (Combretaceae and of its aqueous (TFAqF, hydroalcoholic (TFHAF, and hexanic (TFHEXF partition fractions have been evaluated. TFEE presented low acute toxicity, antioxidant, and antiulcerogenic activity against ethanol-induced ulcers, which was partially blocked by pretreatment with L-NAME and indomethacin. It reduced the total acidity and raised the pH of gastric secretion. Additionally, TFEE delayed gastric emptying and slightly inhibited the small intestinal transit and also presented a weakly antidiarrheal activity. The antiulcerogenic and antioxidant activity were also detected in TFAqF and TFHAF but not in TFHEXF. The antisecretory and gastroprotective activity of TFEE partially involve the nitric oxide and prostaglandin participation. Nevertheless, TFEE, TFAqF, and TFHAF drastically reduced the mucus layer adhered to the gastric wall of rats treated with ethanol or indomethacin. Complementary studies are required in order to clarify the paradox of the presence of a gastroprotector activity in this plant that, at the same time, reduces the mucus layer adhered to the gastric wall.

  17. Auhindu / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2000-01-01

    USA kunstikriitikute ühenduse 2000. a. preemiad 1999-2000 hooaja parimatele näitustele. Ameerika Arhitektide Instituudi (AIA) 2000. a. kuldmedal ameeriklasele Michael Gravesile. Rootsi Arhitektide Ühing andis Kasper Salini preemia Hendrik Jais-Nielsen & Mats White Arkitekter AB-le.

  18. Kameeleonlik "Antigone" Iraanis / Kristiina Reidolv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reidolv, Kristiina

    2011-01-01

    Projektiteatri R.A.A.A.M. ja iraani lavastaja Homayun Ghanizadeh' lavastuse "Antigone" (Sophokles / Homayun Ghanizadeh) retseptsiooni erinevustest Eestis ja Iraanis, kus lavastus osales Teheranis toimunud 29. rahvusvahelise teatrifestivali "Koit" (Fadjr) võistlusprogrammis

  19. Nagu Helsingi parvlaevas / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    7. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestival on kaotanud oma osalejate solidaarsustundes ja suhtlemises, kolides Coca-Cola Plazasse. Sakslase Hans-Christian Schmid'i mängufilmist "Kauged tuled" ja taanlase Lars von Trieri mängufilmist "Dogville"

  20. Muuseumid / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Itaalia valitsuse poolt ette valmistatud riiklike muuseumide privatiseerimise seaduseelnõust, mis on põhjustanud rahvusvahelise protestilaine. Prantsusmaal vastu võetud uuest muuseume puudutavast seadusest, selle kogude kaitsmise sättest. Stockholmi Moderna Museeti sulgemisest remondi tõttu 13. I 2002 pooleteiseks aastaks. Muuseumide Ühingu loomisest Venemaal.

  1. Auhindu / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2000-01-01

    USA kunstikriitikute ühenduse 2000. a. preemiad 1999-2000 hooaja parimatele näitustele. Ameerika Arhitektide Instituudi (AIA) 2000. a. kuldmedal ameeriklasele Michael Gravesile. Rootsi Arhitektide Ühing andis Kasper Salini preemia Hendrik Jais-Nielsen & Mats White Arkitekter AB-le.

  2. Muuseumid / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Itaalia valitsuse poolt ette valmistatud riiklike muuseumide privatiseerimise seaduseelnõust, mis on põhjustanud rahvusvahelise protestilaine. Prantsusmaal vastu võetud uuest muuseume puudutavast seadusest, selle kogude kaitsmise sättest. Stockholmi Moderna Museeti sulgemisest remondi tõttu 13. I 2002 pooleteiseks aastaks. Muuseumide Ühingu loomisest Venemaal.

  3. Nagu Helsingi parvlaevas / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    7. Pimedate Ööde Filmifestival on kaotanud oma osalejate solidaarsustundes ja suhtlemises, kolides Coca-Cola Plazasse. Sakslase Hans-Christian Schmid'i mängufilmist "Kauged tuled" ja taanlase Lars von Trieri mängufilmist "Dogville"

  4. Kameeleonlik "Antigone" Iraanis / Kristiina Reidolv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reidolv, Kristiina

    2011-01-01

    Projektiteatri R.A.A.A.M. ja iraani lavastaja Homayun Ghanizadeh' lavastuse "Antigone" (Sophokles / Homayun Ghanizadeh) retseptsiooni erinevustest Eestis ja Iraanis, kus lavastus osales Teheranis toimunud 29. rahvusvahelise teatrifestivali "Koit" (Fadjr) võistlusprogrammis

  5. Atividade alelopática de extratos de diferentes partes de juazeiro (Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. - Rhamnaceae Allelopathic activity of different parts of juazeiro (Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. - Rhamnaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreya Kalyana de Oliveira

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo neste trabalho foi avaliar o potencial alelopático do extrato de cascas e de folhas juazeiro (Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. sobre as sementes de alface (Lactuca sativa L.. Foram conduzidos dois experimentos, em ambos foi usado o delineamento inteiramente casualizado. No primeiro foram realizadas quatro repetições e cinco tratamentos (EF - extrato de folhas a 100 ºC, EF - extrato de folhas a 25 ºC, EC - extrato de cascas a 100 ºC, EC - extrato de cascas a 25 ºC, e água destilada. No segundo foram realizados cinco tratamentos (0%, 25%, 50%, 75% e 100% de concentração do extrato bruto e quatro repetições com 20 sementes de alface. O extrato bruto foi obtido após a agitação das cascas e das folhas com água em liquidificador utilizando-se 50 g de material para 500 ml de água. Os resultados mostraram efeito do extrato dependendo da concentração. Os extratos brutos e diluídos de Z. joazeiro não afetaram a germinação, mas nas maiores concentrações causaram elevada porcentagem de plântulas anormais e o extrato de folhas e de cascas extraído a 100 ºC reduziram o crescimento da raiz e parte aérea. Extratos aquosos de cascas e de folhas de Z. juazeiro apresentam efeito fitotóxico na germinação de sementes de L. sativa.This study aimed to identify the allelopathic activity of extracts from Ziziphus joazeiro bark and leaves on the seeds of lettuce (Lactuca sativa. Two experiments were conducted, which both used a randomized design. The first four replicates were the following treatments (EF-extract of leaves at 100ºC, EF-extract of leaves at 25ºC, EC-extract of bark at 100ºC, EC-extract of bark at 25ºC, and distilled water. The next five treatments used 0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% concentrations of the crude extract and four replicates of 20 seeds. The crude extract was obtained after the bark and leaves were blended with water (50 g of material for 500 ml of water. The results showed that the effect of the extract

  6. Fisiologia pós-colheita de frutos da palmeira Mauritia vinifera Mart. (Arecaceae Postharvest physiology of Mauritia vinifera Mart. (Arecaceae palm fruits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Santelli

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Alterações pós-colheita no amadurecimento dos frutos de Mauritia vinifera (buriti, colhidos com coloração marrom clara, foram estudadas acompanhando-se: massa, volumes gasosos intercelulares, concentração de CO2 e O2 na atmosfera interna, firmeza e as evoluções de CO2 e etileno, tanto a 25 ºC quanto sob baixa temperatura (8 ºC. Os frutos apresentaram injúria de resfriamento quando armazenados a 8 ºC e não amadureceram ao serem retornados para 25 ºC. Sob umidade elevada, baixa transpiração, a conservação do buriti triplicou em comparação com os frutos armazenados em ambiente menos úmido (65 a 85%. A casca resistente destes frutos perde a firmeza e o arranjo compacto das escamas e torna-se mais frágil e mais permeável a gases durante o amadurecimento ou quando armazenados sob temperatura que causa injuria de resfriamento. Os frutos de buriti contém apenas cerca de 1% volume gasoso intercelular, o que é indicativo de susceptibilidade à injúria de impacto, mediante descolamento de escamas. No amadurecimento a polpa torna-se macia, conforme leitura de penetrômetro, diminuindo a resistência ao transporte dos frutos, que passam a ser facilmente amassados. Estes frutos apresentaram comportamento climatérico típico e o pico de evolução de CO2 ocorreu dois dias após o pico do etileno. As curvas de concentração interna de CO2 e de O2 no buriti foram diferentes de outros frutos previamente estudados pelo fato de sofrerem uma grande redução da resistência difusiva da casca, causada pela formação das aberturas entre as escamas durante o amadurecimento.We studied postharvest ripening changes in Mauritia vinifera Mart. fruits, known as "buriti", harvested at a mature light-brown color stage, from palms on the Brazilian Central Plateau, as follows: weight loss, internal gaseous volume, internal CO2 and O2 concentration, firmness and CO2 and ethylene evolution, at room temperature (25ºC and at low temperature (8 ºC. M

  7. Pharmacological studies of ethanolic extracts of Maytenus rigida Mart (Celastraceae) in animal models Estudo farmacológico do extrato etanólico de Maytenus rigida Mart (Celastraceae) em modelos animais

    OpenAIRE

    Vanda Lucia dos Santos; Viviam Bruna Machado Costa; Maria de Fátima Agra; Bagnólia Araújo da Silva; Leônia Maria Batista

    2007-01-01

    The crude ethanol extract (EEOH) of the bark of Maytenus rigida Mart (Celastraceae) a plant used in Brazil herbal traditional medicine, was tested for anti-inflammatory, antiulcer and antidiarrhoeal activities in animal models. No acute toxicological sign was observed in animals treated with the highest dose (5000 mg/kg, p.o. or 2000 mg/kg i.p.) of EEOH. The extract doses of 250, 500 or 750 mg/kg revealed a significant inhibitory effect (P < 0,01) in carrageenin-induced rat paw oedema and exh...

  8. Perfil fitoquímico e ensaio microbiológico dos extratos da entrecasca de Maytenus rigida Mart. (Celastraceae) Phytochemistry and microbiological assay of the bark extracts of Maytenus rigida Mart. (Celastraceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Charles S. Estevam; Cavalcanti,Amaro M.; Cambui,Érica Verena F.; Vítor Araújo Neto; Paulo T. G. Leopoldo; Roberta P. M. Fernandes; Araujo,Brancilene S.; Zenaldo Porfírio; Antonio Euzébio G. Sant'Ana

    2009-01-01

    Maytenus rigida Mart (Celastraceae), conhecida por "Bom-homem", "Bom-nome", "Cabelo-de-negro", "Casca-grossa" e "Pau-de-colher", é uma arvore de pequeno porte. A entrecasca do caule é empregada popularmente no Nordeste do Brasil no tratamento das dores em geral, infecções e inflamações. O presente trabalho avaliou tanto o perfil fitoquímico de M. rigida por meio de um roteiro analítico, quanto à atividade antibiótica dos extratos pelo método de Kirby-Bauer modificado. Os resultados demonstrar...

  9. Substâncias ergásticas foliares de espécies amazônicas de Oenocarpus Mart. (Arecaceae: caracterização histoquímica e ultra-estrutural Leaf ergastic substances of Amazonian species of Oenocarpus Mart. (Arecaceae: histochemical and ultrastructural characterization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rolf Junior Ferreira Silva

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo teve por objetivo diagnosticar e caracterizar as substâncias ergásticas foliares de Oenocarpus bacaba Mart., O. distichus Mart., O. mapora H. Karst. e O. minor Mart. através de microscopias óptica e eletrônica de varredura, análises histoquímicas e microanálises físicas. Secções transversais e longitudinais, assim como maceração foram realizadas em material botânico fixado. As análises histoquímicas foram empregadas em material botânico in natura, seguindo-se protocolos específicos para mucilagem, amido e sílica. Microanálises físicas foram feitas com Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS detector. Nas espécies estudadas de Oenocarpus Mart., as substâncias ergásticas foliares correspondem a mucilagem amorfa; grãos de amido poliédricos do tipo simples e sílica opalina sob a forma de corpos elípticos e esféricos-globosos de superfície espiculada, ambos com elevado teor de dióxido de silício. As observações microscópicas, os testes histoquímicos e as microanálises físicas permitiram diagnosticar, caracterizar e elucidar a estrutura e ultra-estrutura das substâncias ergásticas ocorrentes nas folhas dos táxons analisados de Oenocarpus Mart.The purpose of this study was to diagnose and characterize the leaf ergastic substance of Oenocarpus bacaba Mart., O. distichus Mart., O. mapora H. Karst. and O. minor Mart. by light and scanning electron microscopy, histochemical analyses and physical microanalyses. Transverse and longitudinal sections as well as maceration were made in fixed botanical material. The histochemical analyses were made in non-fixed botanical material, using specific tests for mucilage, starch and silica. An Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS detector was used for the physical microanalyses. In the Oenocarpus Mart. species studied, the leaf ergastic substances corresponded to amorphous mucilage, simple-type polyhedrical starch grain and opaline silica in the shape of elliptical

  10. Biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae from Martín García Island, Argentina

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    María M Ronderos

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Nearly 230 species of biting midges have been recorded or described from Argentina; 38 of them are known from the Buenos Aires province and only one is cited from Martín García Island. This paper presents the results raised from six collecting trips which took place on the island during spring 2005, summer 2006 and autumn 2009. Diverse sampling sites including permanent and temporary aquatic environments were chosen, most of the ten sampling sites were ponds of diverse origin, some of these environments were covered with floating vegetation as Lemna gibba, Lemna minuscule, Salvinia biloba, Salvinia minima, Azolla filiculoides, Limnobium laevigatum, Pistia stratiotes, Spirodela intermedia, Wolffiella oblonga and Wolffia columbiana. Other sites were placed in urban and suburban areas. Adults were collected with sweep nets at sunrise and sunset and with light traps at intervals of four to five hours at night, depending on electricity availability on the island. Larvae and pupae were collected with different implements depending on characteristics of each surveyed aquatic habitat. In free standing water, they were captured with small sieves or hand pipettes and micropipettes, flotation techniques were utilized for sampling vegetated areas, free and rooted floating hydrophytes were extracted for removing insects among them. Thirteen species of Ceratopogonidae were collected, three of Atrichopogon Kieffer, three of Forcipomyia Meigen, two of Dasyhelea Kieffer, four of Culicoides Latreille, and one of Bezzia Kieffer, all representing new records from the island. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (3: 1183-1194. Epub 2011 September 01.Alrededor de 230 especies de ceratopogónidos han sido registradas o descritas en Argentina, 38 de ellas son conocidas para la provincia de Buenos Aires y sólo una ha sido previamente citada para la Isla Martín García. En este trabajo se presentan los resultados obtenidos a partir de muestreos realizados en seis viajes a la isla

  11. Catolé palm (Syagrus oleracea Mart fruits: fatty and amino acids composition

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    Moreira, Rosalynd V. R.

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Catolé Palm (Syagrus oleracea Mart Fruits were analysed for their chemical composition. The pulp and kernel portions contained 0.7 and 40.0% lipids. Freshly extracted kernel oil showed a small concentration (0.4 meq/kg of peroxides but did not contain free fatty acids. The iodine and saponification values were 27.4 and 226, respectively. A large qualitative as well as quantitative difference in the fatty acid composition between the catolé pulp and kernel oil was observed. Fifteen and 19 fatty acids were identified in the pulp and kernel oil, respectively. These oils contained 48.9 and 73.2 % saturated fatty acids. The principal saturated fatty acids of the pulp oil was palmitic (C16 acid, while that of kernel oil was lauric (C12 acid. Oleic acid was the main monounsaturated fatty acid in both oils. In pulp oil, linoleic (C18:2 and linolenic (C18:3 were present at 23.5 and 11,3% concentrations, while kernel oil contained only linoleic acid (3.59%. In relation to amino acid composition of proteins, pulp proteins presented better amino acid profile than kernel proteins. In pulp proteins, the essential amino acids were present at concentrations higher than recommended by FAO except for methionine and lysine, while kernel proteins were deficient in all essential amino acids except phenylalanine, isoleucine and threonine.Los frutos de la Palmera catolé (Syagrus oleracea Mart fueron analizados para determinar su composición química. Las fracciones de la pulpa y almendra contenían 0,7 y 40.0 % de lípidos. El aceite de almendra fresca mostró una pequeña concentración de peróxidos pero no presentó ácidos grasos libres. El índice de iodo y de saponificación fueron 27,4 y 226, respectivamente. Fue observada una gran diferencia cualitativa como también cuantitativa en la composición de ácidos grasos entre el aceite de la pulpa y de la almendra. 15 y 19 ácidos grasos fueron identificados en el aceite de la pulpa y de la almendra

  12. Processo grupal e a questão do poder em Martín-Baró

    OpenAIRE

    Martins Sueli Terezinha Ferreira

    2003-01-01

    O presente artigo trata da concepção de processo grupal e poder social enfocada por Martín-Baró.¹ O autor retoma a concepção de grupo presente no trabalho de Sílvia Lane, quando considera os aspectos pessoais, as características grupais, a vivência subjetiva e realidade objetiva e o caráter histórico do grupo. Na perspectiva da psicologia social, segundo o autor, é muito mais relevante a análise do papel do poder na vida cotidiana, no dia-a-dia das pessoas, do que se centrar nos acontecimento...

  13. Perfil fitoquímico e ensaio microbiológico dos extratos da entrecasca de Maytenus rigida Mart. (Celastraceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Charles S. Estevam; Cavalcanti,Amaro M.; Cambui,Érica Verena F.; Araújo Neto,Vítor; Paulo T. G. Leopoldo; Roberta P. M. Fernandes; Araujo,Brancilene S.; Porfírio,Zenaldo; Antonio Euzébio G. Sant'Ana

    2009-01-01

    Maytenus rigida Mart (Celastraceae), conhecida por "Bom-homem", "Bom-nome", "Cabelo-de-negro", "Casca-grossa" e "Pau-de-colher", é uma arvore de pequeno porte. A entrecasca do caule é empregada popularmente no Nordeste do Brasil no tratamento das dores em geral, infecções e inflamações. O presente trabalho avaliou tanto o perfil fitoquímico de M. rigida por meio de um roteiro analítico, quanto à atividade antibiótica dos extratos pelo método de Kirby-Bauer modificado. Os resultados demonstrar...

  14. Morfoanatomia de folhas de Maytenus rigida Mart. (Celastraceae); uma espécie utilizada como medicinal no Nordeste do Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Soares da Rocha, Cristiano; Magalhaes de Mendoça Pimentel, Rejane; Perrelli Randau, Karina; Xavier,Haroudo Satiro

    2004-01-01

    A descrição morfoanatômica das folhas de Maytenus rigida Mart. é de extrema importância para uma eficiente aplicabilidade desta planta à Farmacognosia. Os estudos da anatomia da folha de M. rigida foram realizadas em cortes paradérmicos e transversais de material fresco à mão livre, corados com safranina e azul de astra. As análises foram feitas em imagens digitais sob microscópio ótico pré-calibrado. Os resultados obtidos neste estudo apontam caracteres anatômicos de valor diagnó...

  15. The Studies on Diurnal Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera in Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University Terzioğlu Campus

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    D. Zobar

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to determine lepidopteran species on Terzioğlu Campus during March 2005–April 2007. We surveyed Rhopalocera butterflies in Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Terzioğlu Campus, in Çanakkale, Turkey. In this study, total of 44 species belonging to to Papilionidae (4, Nymphalidae (23, Pieridae (8, Lycaenidae (4 and Hesperiidae (5, were identified. The most abundant species throughout the campus are Pieris brassicae, P. rapae, P. napi, Colias crocea, Iphiclides podalirius, and Melanargia larissa.

  16. Assessment of hypoglycemic activity of the aqueous extract of Abuta grandifolia (Mart.) in diabetic rats induced by alloxan

    OpenAIRE

    Justil, Carlos; Laboratorio de Farmacología, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima; Angulo H., Pedro; Laboratorio de Farmacología, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima; Justil G., Hugo; Laboratorio de Farmacología, Facultad de Medicina Humana, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima; Arroyo A., Jorge; Laboratorio de Farmacología, Facultad de Medicina Humana, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima

    2015-01-01

    Abuta grandifolia is a native plant from the Amazon region, traditionally used in the control of diabetes mellitus. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of reducing the glucose level when the aqueous extract (AE) ofA. grandifolia (Mart.) is orally administered in diabetic rats induced by alloxan. Thirty Sprague Dawley male rats, 3-month-old, body weight of 240 ± 10 g were used. The animals were distributed in six groups (negative control, positive control, treated wi...

  17. Juan Martínez Gutiérrez y la modernización de la arquitectura chilena

    OpenAIRE

    Campos Gajardo, Alicia

    2016-01-01

    La presente tesis para optar al grado de Doctor en la Escuela Técnica Superior de Arquitectura de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, aborda la obra del arquitecto de origen español Juan Martínez Gutiérrez, reconocido por la crítica especializada como uno de los precursores de la arquitectura moderna en Chile. A pesar de la relevancia de su obra, en la actualidad se carece de un estudio sistematizado y preciso que, de manera global, expongan los factores de modernidad de sus principales edi...

  18. Notas sobre «literatura asnal». Un curioso libro de Primo Feliciano Martínez (1)

    OpenAIRE

    2003-01-01

    En el último tercio del siglo XVIII vio la luz una curiosa obra burlesca, que se presentaba bajo el título de Memorias de la insigne Academia Asnal, por el Doctor de Ballesteros, tomo primero, en BiTonto, en la imprenta de Blas Antón, el año 3192 de la era asnal. Y se hallará en Bayona de Francia'. El seudónimo Doctor de Ballesteros encubre al escritor Primo Feliciano Martínez, creador de esta obra irónica relacionada con otras composiciones de la época, como la de 'Los eruditos a la violeta'...

  19. “Todo lo que sigue es sencillamente estupendo”. Escritoras en las cartas de Ezequiel Martínez Estrada a Victoria Ocampo

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    Tania Diz

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available While Ezequiel Martínez Estrada writes Marta Riquelme, between his fiction and essays, and Victoria Ocampo begins to write her memories; it arises from both an emotional and intellectual relationship through letters along more than 15 years since the late '40s and until the death of Martinez Estrada in 1964. This article will discuss much of those letters with the intended to show that one of the central axes of the epistolary is the construction by Martínez Estrada, his interlocutor in a character: writer women who acquire multiple identities including Marta Riquelme looks.

  20. El destino echado al viento. Los indígenas mexicanos en la obra de José Martí (1875)

    OpenAIRE

    Medrano, Hugo

    2011-01-01

    El artículo explora la respuesta de una pregunta: ¿Fue Martí indigenista? El indigenismo de Martí quería redimir a la cultura indígena, o mejor dicho, quería que se redimiera por sí misma ya que era una cultura como las demás: que tenía una capacidad de autorredención a través de la inteligencia, del esfuerzo y del trabajo.

  1. Inventario de atractivos para el desarrollo turístico local del municipio Martí. Inventory of attractions for local tourist development of the Marti municipality.

    OpenAIRE

    Mabel Font Aranda; Leonardo Cuétara Sánchez; Yoleidy Castanedo Aneiro; Mavis Acosta Peñate; Daylis Delgado Fajardo; Dubier Caña Pereira; Orestes Morales; Yuri La Rosa Martínez

    2013-01-01

    El deterioro del sector agropecuario en el municipio Martí, exige la necesidad de ejecución de un grupo de proyectos de desarrollo local, que permitan revertir los procesos en el ámbito social, económico y ambiental a partir de los recursos naturales y socioculturales propios. Sobre la base anterior, se realizó el inventario de recursos/atractivos del municipio Martí como parte del diseño de productos turísticos a ofrecer  en la búsqueda de alternativas para el desarrollo local. Se registró y...

  2. Estudo físico-químico, químico e biológico de extrato das cascas de Stryphnodendron polyphyllum Mart. (Leguminosae

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    G.C. Lopes

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Two flavan-3-ols and one proanthocyanidins have been isolated from the stem bark of Stryphnodendron polyphyllum Mart., which is traditionally used in Brazil against various diseases. The structure was determined on the basis of spectroscopic data including 1-D (¹H, 13C and 2-D NMR (¹H/¹H COSY and MS. The antibacterial activities of an acetone:water and semipurified extracts from the stem bark of Stryphnodendron polyphyllum Mart. were evaluated. Both the crude and semipurified extracts showed activity against Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus. Quality control was determined using several pharmacopoeial assay.

  3. Mateo López y la planta de la iglesia monástica de San Martín Pinario de Santiago

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    Vicente López, Simón

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available An in depth study of the plan of the church of San Martín Pinario in Santiago de Compostela, attributed to the Portuguese architect Mateo López, according to the Catholic Reformation doctrines concerning the Eucharist.Se profundiza en la lectura de la planta de la iglesia monástica San Martín Pinario de Santiago, atribuida al arquitecto portugués Mateo López, de acuerdo con las consignas de la Reforma Católica en torno a la Eucaristía.

  4. El origen glaciar de la aureola del volcán Arsia Mons, Marte

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    Anguita Virella, F.

    1994-08-01

    Full Text Available Huge lobate deposits called aureoles are covering the base of the giant Martian volcanic constructs of Tharsis dome. The origin of these structures has been a matter of debate between two competing hypotheses: volcanic landslides or mountain glaciers. Here we consider the most important of the aureoles, near Arsia Mons, concluding that the glacier model explains best the deposit features, such as the layering, the ridges (interpreted as glaciotectonic ones, and the lobated terrain. We then discuss the fit of these proposed glacier deposits in the present paleoclimatic Martian models. The aureoles could be key elements in the confirmation of the «Baker cycle» model of repeated episodes of temperate, humid, sea-dominated climates coincident in time with the outflow channels activity.Al pie de los grandes volcanes marcianos del domo de Tharsis aparecen unas formas lobuladas que han recibido el nombre de aureolas. El origen de estas estructuras ha sido objeto de un largo debate entre dos hipótesis principales que las interpretan como deslizamientos de ladera o como glaciares de montaña. En este trabajo se estudia la mejor desarrollada de estas aureolas, la de Arsia Mons, llegándose a la conclusión de que la hipótesis glaciar explica mejor las características del depósito, y en concreto la existencia de estratificación, las crestas (que se interpretan como glaciotectónicas y los terrenos lobulados. Por último se discute la conexión de estos depósitos con los modelos paleoclimáticos actuales sobre Marte, lo que lleva a la conclusión de que las aureolas deben ser depósitos glaciares recientes relacionados con repetidos episodios de clima cálido (ciclos de Baker, provocados por la acción de los canales de desbordamiento.

  5. Las Obras de Albeyteria de Martín Arredondo

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    Teixidó Gómez, Francisco

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work we analyze the book Obras de Albeyteria by Martin Arredondo, probably the most important «veterinarian» in Spain in the 17th century and a manificent example of Galen’s medical applied to animals. The book is unbalanced in many aspects: classic and modern authors are quoted, philosophers, historians, physicians, veterinaians, there are passages of great scientific, philosophical, erudite interest which are explained in an easy or troublesome way, accurately or with out of place digressions, with or without scientific precision. In his work, biology and equine pathology, the history of veterinary and a great amount of cultural aspects of that time they are mixed with fantasies, mythology, superstitions, etc.

    En este trabajo analizamos las Obras de Albeyteria de Martín Arredondo, probablemente el albéitar más importante del siglo XVII español y auténtico exponente del galenismo aplicado a la medicina animal. El texto estudiado es desigual en muchos aspectos, se dan cita autores clásicos y modernos ya sean filósofos, historiadores, médicos, albéitares, y hay pasajes de gran interés científico, filosófico, de erudición, etc., explicados de manera sencilla o engorrosa, con precisión o con digresiones que no hacen al caso, con rigurosidad científica o sin ella. En su obra, la biología y patología equinas, la historia de la albeitería y un gran número de facetas de la cultura de la época se entremezclan con fantasías, mitología, supersticiones, etc.

  6. Pharmacological evidence of α2-adrenergic receptors in the hypotensive effect of Platonia insignis mart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendes, Marcelo Bezerra; da Silva-Filho, José Couras; Sabino, Carla Kelly Barroso; Arcanjo, Daniel Dias Rufino; Sousa, Cleyton Marcos Melo; Costa, Isabella Cristhina Gonçalves; Chaves, Mariana Helena; Oliveira, Rita de Cássia Meneses; Oliveira, Aldeídia P

    2014-10-01

    Platonia insignis Mart. (Clusiaceae) is a medicinal plant from the Brazilian Amazon region. The present study evaluated the biological potential of the ethanol extract (Pi-EtOH) and ethyl acetate fraction (Pi-EtOAc) of the P. insignis fruit shells on the cardiovascular system of rats. Pi-EtOH or Pi-EtOAc (12.5, 25, and 50 mg/kg) was administered intravenously in normotensive rats (260-300 g), and the mean arterial pressure and the heart rate were monitored. The Pi-EtOH induced hypotension (-11.56±0.89, -7.43±0.85, and -17.56±1.97 mmHg) followed by bradycardia in two highest doses (-8.89±3.62 and -15.79±1.83 beats/min) and Pi-EtOAc, at the same doses, induced hypotension (-11.2±1.03, -14.48±1.13, -29.89±2.67 mmHg) more intensively, followed by tachycardia at the dose 12.5 and 25 mg/kg (15.64±2.06, 19.31±1.92 beats/min) and bradycardia at a dose of 50 mg/kg (-9.98±7.33 beats/min). The hypotensive response from Pi-EtOAc was not attenuated when used in the pretreatment with L-NAME, verapamil, propranolol, and hexamethonium. However, when using yohimbine, the hypotensive effect was inhibited (-4.42±1.28 (P<.05), -3.29±0.99 (P<.05), 2.06±1.18 mmHg (P<.05); Student's t-test). Hence, the Pi-EtOAc seems to act similarly to the α2-adrenergic agonist in this hypotensive effect.

  7. Investigation of biological activities of dichloromethane and ethyl acetate fractions of Platonia insignis Mart. seed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa Júnior, Joaquim S; Ferraz, Alexandre B F; Sousa, Taciana O; Silva, Romézio A C; De Lima, Sidney G; Feitosa, Chistiane M; Citó, Antônia M G L; Melo Cavalcante, Ana A C; Freitas, Rivelilson M; Moura Sperotto, Angelo R; Péres, Valéria F; Moura, Dinara J; Saffi, Jenifer

    2013-01-01

    Platonia insignis Mart., a native species of the Brazilian Amazon more commonly known as bacuri, is a member of the Clusiaceae family. In this study, we evaluated the chemical composition and the antioxidant and toxicity activities of the dichloromethane and ethyl acetate fractions from P. insignis seed ethanolic extract using different experimental models. Our results demonstrate in vitro antioxidant effects, by 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) diammonium salt and 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl assays, as well as in vivo effects in antioxidant-defective Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains to both fractions. Toxicity was evaluated against the micro-crustaceous Artemia salina Leach. and promastigote Leishmania amazonensis. The dichloromethane fraction was the most active fraction evaluated on A. salina and promastigote L. amazonensis (IC(50)  = 24.89 μg/mL and 2.84 μg/mL, respectively). In addition, a slight cytotoxicity was observed in mammalian V79 cells using ethyl acetate and dichloromethane fractions with MTT assays. Both fractions displayed genotoxicity up to 25 μg/mL (dichloromethane) and 10 μg/mL (ethyl acetate) in V79 cells, as evaluated by the alkaline comet assay. Thus, in this study, we demonstrate for the first time that ethyl acetate and dichloromethane fractions from P. insignis seeds display antioxidant effects, a toxic effect against A. salina and L. amazonensis and induce genotoxicity in V79 mammalian cells. The observed activities can be attributed to the phenolic compounds present in these fractions and to the presence of xanthones (alpha- and gamma-mangostin). © 2012 The Authors Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology © 2012 Nordic Pharmacological Society.

  8. ESTABLISHMENT AND IN VITRO MULTIPLICATION OF Luehea divaricata MART. et ZUCC.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andressa Vasconcelos Flôres

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Luehea divaricata Mart. et  Zucc. (acoita-cavalo of the Malvaceae family, is a forest-tree species that has suffered great anthropic disturbance during the last decades. This fact has contributed to the reduction of natural populations and, consequently, of its genetic variability. This justifies studies related to the propagation of the species. As a means of vegetative propagation, micropropagation is an alternative for the regeneration of plants with difficult natural regeneration and a strategy for species conservation. The objectives of this study were to determine the most efficient type of explant and growth medium for in vitro establishment and verify the influence of different concentrations of BAP cytokinin in the multiplication of nodal segments of Luehea divaricata. The seeds used were collected and stored by the Fundação Estadual de Pesquisa Agropecuária – FEPAGRO/Florestas (Agriculture and Cattle Research State Foundation – FEPAGRO/Forests, in Santa Maria, RS, Brazil, and the seedlings obtained in vitro were used as sources of the explants. In the selection of the explants and growth medium, the tips of stems and nodal segments grown in the MS and WMP nutritive media were tested. Different concentrations of BAP (0, 5, 10 and 15 mg L-1 were evaluated in the in vitro multiplication of the species. In the in vitro establishment of Luehea divaricata, both tips of stems and nodal segments can be used and also both growth media. To maximize the growth of the species, the WPM growth medium should be used due to its reduced cost. In the in vitro multiplication of the species, cytokinin BAP should not be added because, besides reducing the costs in the in vitro cultivation of Luehea divaricata, the best response for the majority of the characteristics evaluated was observed in the absence of this regulator,.

  9. Ozone profiles retrieval from SCIAMACHY Chappuis-Wulf limb scattered spectra using MART

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, ZiJun; Chen, ShengBo; Jin, LiHua; Yang, ChunYan

    2011-02-01

    The Scanning Imaging Absorption spectroMeter for Atmospheric ChartographY (SCIAMACHY) instrument, launched on the Envisat satellite in March 2002, measures the earthshine radiance, simultaneously from the ultraviolet (UV) to the near infrared (NIR), in the three viewing geometries: nadir, limb, and occultation. These measurements are used to retrieve both the total amount and vertical profiles of a large number of atmospheric constituents. In this paper, stratospheric ozone profiles between 15 and 40 km altitude are retrieved on 3 km grids from SCIAMACHY limb scattered radiance in the Chappuis-Wulf band. The study employs a new multiplicative algebraic reconstruction technique (MART) coupled with the radiative transfer model SCIATRAN. This technique is outstanding in that more than one measurement vector element can be used to retrieve the ozone density at any altitude. Furthermore, it is straightforward to understand, easy to implement and likely to produce stable results. Radiance normalization and wavelength pairing is applied to radiance as an intermediate step, using the wavelengths 525 nm, 600 nm and 675 nm. The sensitivity of ozone retrieval by this method to tangent altitude pointing, surface albedo, aerosol and cloud parameters is studied, and the results show that the retrieval impact due to tangent altitude pointing bias is the biggest up to 75% with 1 km shift, and the impact of albedo is limited within 5%. The effect of boundary visibility and cloud parameters can be ignored since their impact is too small. The effectiveness of the retrieval is demonstrated using a set of coincident SCIAMACHY products at Hefei that shows a mean bias of less than 12% between 15 and 40 km, and with a better accuracy of 5% from 16 to 36 km.

  10. Development of Clinical Data Mart of HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor for Varied Clinical Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyunah; Jeong, Yoo Jin; Kim, Tong Min; Yang, So Jung; Baik, Sun Jung; Lee, Seung-Hwan; Cho, Jae Hyoung

    2017-01-01

    Background The increasing use of electronic medical record (EMR) systems for documenting clinical medical data has led to EMR data being increasingly accessed for clinical trials. In this study, a database of patients who were prescribed statins for the first time was developed using EMR data. A clinical data mart (CDM) was developed for cohort study researchers. Methods Seoul St. Mary's Hospital implemented a clinical data warehouse (CDW) of data for ~2.8 million patients, 47 million prescription events, and laboratory results for 150 million cases. We developed a research database from a subset of the data on the basis of a study protocol. Data for patients who were prescribed a statin for the first time (between the period from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2015), including personal data, laboratory data, diagnoses, and medications, were extracted. Results We extracted initial clinical data of statin from a CDW that was established to support clinical studies; the data was refined through a data quality management process. Data for 21,368 patients who were prescribed statins for the first time were extracted. We extracted data every 3 months for a period of 1 year. A total of 17 different statins were extracted. It was found that statins were first prescribed by the endocrinology department in most cases (69%, 14,865/21,368). Conclusion Study researchers can use our CDM for statins. Our EMR data for statins is useful for investigating the effectiveness of treatments and exploring new information on statins. Using EMR is advantageous for compiling an adequate study cohort in a short period. PMID:28256114

  11. Perspectivas de manejo de capororoca (Myrsine umbellata Mart. utilizando análise retrospectiva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano Farinha Watzlawick

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available A análise retrospectiva é um instrumento para avaliação rápida do potencial de crescimento utilizando-se a periodicidade do incremento em diâmetro, isto é, o crescimento dos anéis anuais. Utilizando-se esta técnica, foi avaliado o desenvolvimento e o crescimento da capororoca (Myrsine umbellata Mart., espécie nativa da Florestal Ombrofila Mista. O presente estudo foi realizado no Município de General Carneiro - PR, em área pertencente às Indústrias Pedro N. Pizzatto. Foi feita a análise de tronco e a medição dos anéis anuais em fatias retiradas nas alturas relativas a 10%, 50% e 75% da altura do ponto de inversão morfológico, bem como também na altura do DAP em quatro árvores, nas quais foram analisados o incremento em diâmetro e altura. Pelos resultados obtidos, pode-se considerar que as árvores analisadas mostraram um crescimento em diâmetro forte no estado inicial, mas seguindo uma tendência de crescimento lento e contínuo a médio prazo, até a idade de 5 anos. Com relação à altura comercial (ponto de inversão morfológico com 2 a 4 metros, nas árvores analisadas são alcançadas dentro dos primeiros dois anos de vida.

  12. Food and beverage purchases in corner stores, gas-marts, pharmacies and dollar stores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caspi, Caitlin E; Lenk, Kathleen; Pelletier, Jennifer E; Barnes, Timothy L; Harnack, Lisa; Erickson, Darin J; Laska, Melissa N

    2017-10-01

    Little is known about customer purchases of foods and beverages from small and non-traditional food retailers (i.e. corner stores, gas-marts, dollar stores and pharmacies). The present study aimed to: (i) describe customer characteristics, shopping frequency and reasons for shopping at small and non-traditional food retailers; and (ii) describe food/beverage purchases and their nutritional quality, including differences across store type. Data were collected through customer intercept interviews. Nutritional quality of food/beverage purchases was analysed; a Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) score for purchases was created by aggregating participant purchases at each store. Small and non-traditional food stores that were not WIC-authorized in Minneapolis and St. Paul, MN, USA. Customers (n 661) from 105 food retailers. Among participants, 29 % shopped at the store at least once daily; an additional 44 % shopped there at least once weekly. Most participants (74 %) cited convenient location as the primary draw to the store. Customers purchased a median of 2262 kJ (540 kcal), which varied by store type (P=0·04). The amount of added sugar far surpassed national dietary recommendations. At dollar stores, participants purchased a median of 5302 kJ (1266 kcal) for a median value of $US 2·89. Sugar-sweetened beverages were the most common purchase. The mean HEI-2010 score across all stores was 36·4. Small and non-traditional food stores contribute to the urban food environment. Given the poor nutritional quality of purchases, findings support the need for interventions that address customer decision making in these stores.

  13. The development of a systemic school-based intervention: Marte Meo and coordination meetings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Axberg, Ulf; Hansson, Kjell; Broberg, Anders G; Wirtberg, Ingegerd

    2006-09-01

    Antisocial behavior is often persistent, and in addition to causing suffering to children and their families, it also poses considerable costs for society. Children who display externalizing behavior in their early years run a high risk of having severe problems later in life. There is a need for treatment methods that may be used in various settings because these children constitute a group that is hard to reach with conventional treatment methods. In addition, the dropout rate from ordinary treatment is often high. In the present study, a systemic school-based model for early detection and intervention among 4-12-year-old children who displayed externalizing behavior problems was developed and examined in a nonrandomized study in the county of Skaraborg in Sweden. The intervention was collaborative and included a combination of the Marte Meo model and coordination meetings based on systemic theory and practice. Treatment effects in the group who had received the intervention were compared with a group who had received treatment as usual in their ordinary school setting. Assessments were carried out before, and 2 years after, the intervention. For the intervention group (N = 33), there was a significant decrease in the children's reported symptoms in school and in the home. No decrease in externalizing behavior was found in the comparison group (N = 16). There were no dropouts in the intervention group after the intervention had begun. The results are promising; the study demonstrates that it is possible to work effectively with many children who display externalizing behavior problems in a nonclinical setting.

  14. Design-phase prediction of potential cancer clinical trial accrual success using a research data mart

    Science.gov (United States)

    London, Jack W; Balestrucci, Luanne; Chatterjee, Devjani; Zhan, Tingting

    2013-01-01

    Background Many cancer interventional clinical trials are not completed because the required number of eligible patients are not enrolled. Objective To assess the value of using a research data mart (RDM) during the design of cancer clinical trials as a predictor of potential patient accrual, so that less trials fail to meet enrollment requirements. Materials and methods The eligibility criteria for 90 interventional cancer trials were translated into i2b2 RDM queries and cohort sizes obtained for the 2 years prior to the trial initiation. These RDM cohort numbers were compared to the trial accrual requirements, generating predictions of accrual success. These predictions were then compared to the actual accrual performance to evaluate the ability of this methodology to predict the trials’ likelihood of enrolling sufficient patients. Results Our methodology predicted successful accrual (specificity) with 0.969 (=31/32 trials) accuracy (95% CI 0.908 to 1) and predicted failed accrual (sensitivity) with 0.397 (=23/58 trials) accuracy (95% CI 0.271 to 0.522). The positive predictive value, or precision rate, is 0.958 (=23/24) (95% CI 0.878 to 1). Discussion A prediction of ‘failed accrual’ by this methodology is very reliable, whereas a prediction of accrual success is less so, as causes of accrual failure other than an insufficient eligible patient pool are not considered. Conclusions The application of this methodology to cancer clinical design would significantly improve cancer clinical research by reducing the costly efforts expended initiating trials that predictably will fail to meet accrual requirements. PMID:23851466

  15. Gamma radiation influence in physical and chemical characteristics of Bacaba Oil (Oenocarpus bacaba Mart.)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fonseca, Hugo Maia; Santos, Camila Oliveira dos; Cruz, Luis Paulo Adami, E-mail: hmaiaf@gmail.com [Universidade Federal do Tocantins (UFT), Palmas, TO (Brazil); Arthur, Valter, E-mail: arthur@cena.usp.br [Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA/USP), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Lab. de Irradiacao de Alimentos e Radioentomologia; Souza, Adriana Regia Marques de, E-mail: adriana.souza@pq.cnpq.br [Universidade Federal de Goias (UFGO), Goiania, GO (Brazil). Escola de Agronomia

    2015-07-01

    The bacaba (Oenocarpus bacaba Mart.) is a fruit originating from the Amazon forest, and its oil has similarity to the fatty acid composition of olive oil. The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of bacaba oil submitted to gamma radiation in the of 5, 10 and 15 kGy. The extracted oil was irradiated at doses of 5, 10 and 15 kGy, and then the physical and chemical analysis were carried out: acid value, peroxide value, iodine value, refractive index, specific gravity, saponification value, coefficient specific extinction at 232 and 270 nm and color. Was possible to evidence that radiation promoted decrease in acidity of the oil 26.67%, 27.27% and 9.09%, respectively, at the doses of 5, 10 and 15 kGy, in relation to oil which has not gone through the process (standard). The values of specific gravity, refractive index and saponification value, have not changed, but the result of peroxides were significantly affected, increasing by 51.99%, 100.44% and 89.40% values relative to the standard. It was also observed a significant increase in K232 and K270 values, suggesting increased oxidation products, conjugated dienes and trienes. The oil color has been affected by the doses, generating a product with a more yellowish color and increased brightness. That way, from the analysis, it concluded that the use of gamma radiation at the doses used were not sufficient to make it, in the short term, unsafe for consumption, but changed substantially oil color. (author)

  16. Martí, su presencia en la Universidad Médica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoandry Martínez Guevara

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Hace más de una década el Ministerio de Educación Superior puso como meta para la Universidad Cubana, la formación de profesionales más integrales, humanistas y capaces de cumplir conscientemente su función social. A primera vista el desafío parecía solucionable desde nuestras aulas en algunos años, el tesón y la calidad de nuestros profesores se convertía entonces en el arma protagónica de aquella lucha. La verdad fue que cada aula se convirtió en un campo de batalla. Las Universidades de Ciencias Médicas tuvieron el reto particular de que la formación de sus educandos debía responder no solo a las necesidades de nuestra sociedad, sino también a las sociedades latinoamericanas, africanas y luego, a los de cualquier parte del mundo donde fueran necesarios sus empeños. Ese médico que hoy viste celosamente su bata, es el resultado de miles de horas hombre entre docentes y personal asistencial de la salud para formar a un profesional capaz y responsable, pero sobre todo embajador de lo mejor de nuestras costumbres y nuestra identidad. No es solo un profesional bien preparado en su especialidad. Es digno representante de lo que Martí llamó “hombres de luz”, capaces de poner esperanza y seguridad allí donde otros sólo habían dejado lágrimas. Durante los últimos cinco años, nuestra salud pública enfrenta la peor fuga de cerebros de las últimas cuatro décadas; lo que pudiera representar una crisis en cualquier sociedad occidental que pondría en jaque la estabilidad sistémica, en nuestro país se enfrenta con inteligencia. No dejan de ser cubanos aquellos que por mejores condiciones de vida abandonan a los suyos, o los que por perseguir el sueño estrellado terminan puliendo pisos o de jardineros en las grandes capitales del mundo. La solución está en nuestras aulas, en poner en manos de los estudiantes las herramientas que le permitan ponerse del lado de los que menos tienen y aprendan a amar su profesión por

  17. De mitos y realidades (respuesta a Luciano Martínez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Coraggio

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo constituye la respuesta del autor al comentario crítico realizado, en esta misma sección, por Luciano Martínez, en la pasada edición. El autor sostiene que la economía social y solidaria como un ámbito en construcción, que alberga a diversas vertientes que intentan avanzar hacia otra economía. Este carácter si bien puede albergar dudas, no debe transformase en un fatalismo inmovilizador, que permite la actualización constante del libre mercado como institución hegemónica. Antes que una utopía a denunciar desde una visión “realista”, se trata de construir una economía que combine mecanismos de mercado regulados socio-políticamente y relaciones de reciprocidad y redistribución. El texto explora, en pos de la argumentación, algunos de los elementos que conforman la economía social y solidaria.This article represents the author's response to critical commentary made in this section in the last edition by Luciano Martinez. The author maintains that the social and solidarity economy is a sphere under construction, in which several strands can be found. All of these approaches aim to move towards a different type of economy. This character as a developing realm can prompt doubts; this, however, should not lead to a paralyzing fatalism which allows the constant updating of the free market as a hegemonic institution. Far from a utopia to be denounced from a “realistic” viewpoint of economy, its concerns the construction of an economy that combines socio-politically regulated market mechanisms as well as relations of reciprocity and redistribution. The text also explores some of the elements that make up the solidarity and social economy.

  18. Televizyon Haberlerinde Söylem-29 Mart 2009 Yerel Seçimleri Örneği-

    OpenAIRE

    Şeker, N. Tülay; Şeker, Mustafa

    2011-01-01

    Bu çalışmada 29 Mart 2009 Yerel Seçim sürecinde televizyon kanallarının haberlerinde ürettiklerisöylem incelenmiştir. Çalışmanın uygulama kısmı, seçim propaganda yasaklarının başlamasındanönceki hafta olan 12-18 Mart 2009 tarihleri arasındaki seçim haberleriyle sınırlıtutulmuştur. Kanal D, Samanyolu TV ve NTV kanallarının ana haber bültenlerini esas alançalışmada, seçim propaganda haberleri aktarılırken kurulan söylem analiz edilmiştir. Çalışmadakanalların ideolojik yanlılıklarının ürettikler...

  19. TCRs Used in Cancer Gene Therapy Cross-React with MART-1/Melan-A Tumor Antigens via Distinct Mechanisms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borbulevych, Oleg Y.; Santhanagopolan, Sujatha M.; Hossain, Moushumi; Baker, Brian M. (Notre)

    2013-09-18

    T cells engineered to express TCRs specific for tumor Ags can drive cancer regression. The first TCRs used in cancer gene therapy, DMF4 and DMF5, recognize two structurally distinct peptide epitopes of the melanoma-associated MART-1/Melan-A protein, both presented by the class I MHC protein HLA-A*0201. To help understand the mechanisms of TCR cross-reactivity and provide a foundation for the further development of immunotherapy, we determined the crystallographic structures of DMF4 and DMF5 in complex with both of the MART-1/Melan-A epitopes. The two TCRs use different mechanisms to accommodate the two ligands. Although DMF4 binds the two with a different orientation, altering its position over the peptide/MHC, DMF5 binds them both identically. The simpler mode of cross-reactivity by DMF5 is associated with higher affinity toward both ligands, consistent with the superior functional avidity of DMF5. More generally, the observation of two diverging mechanisms of cross-reactivity with the same Ags and the finding that TCR-binding orientation can be determined by peptide alone extend our understanding of the mechanisms underlying TCR cross-reactivity.

  20. Two-dimensional ionospheric tomography over the low-latitude Indian region: An intercomparison of ART and MART algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Sukanta Kumar; Shukla, Ashish Kumar

    2011-04-01

    Single-frequency users of a satellite-based augmentation system (SBAS) rely on ionospheric models to mitigate the delay due to the ionosphere. The ionosphere is the major source of range and range rate errors for users of the Global Positioning System (GPS) who require high-accuracy positioning. The purpose of the present study is to develop a tomography model to reconstruct the total electron content (TEC) over the low-latitude Indian region which lies in the equatorial ionospheric anomaly belt. In the present study, the TEC data collected from the six TEC collection stations along a longitudinal belt of around 77 degrees are used. The main objective of the study is to find out optimum pixel size which supports a better reconstruction of the electron density and hence the TEC over the low-latitude Indian region. Performance of two reconstruction algorithms Algebraic Reconstruction Technique (ART) and Multiplicative Algebraic Reconstruction Technique (MART) is analyzed for different pixel sizes varying from 1 to 6 degrees in latitude. It is found from the analysis that the optimum pixel size is 5° × 50 km over the Indian region using both ART and MART algorithms.

  1. In Vitro Pollen Germination of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart. Solms: An Insight into its Preferred Mode of Clonal Reproduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somnath BHOWMIK

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Eichhornia crassipes (Mart. Solms is an aquatic invasive weed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The plant rarely produces any fruit under natural condition In order to understand the causes of failure of seed set in this plant various aspect of pollen biology were studied. Pollen fertility and pollen viability was assessed using Muntzing� s mixture and in acetic orcein and TTZ, while pollen germination was assessed with different concentrations of sucrose supplemented with boric acid and Ca and Mg salts. The aim of present study was to find out the cause of sexual incompatibility of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart. Solms. In spite of high pollen fertility, pollen viability and pollen germination the species show hardly any fruit set under natural condition. The abnormal pollen germination like curling of pollen tubes, shrinkage of pollen tube tips and bending of pollen tube might be reasons of sexual incompatibility of this species. It is observed that the taxa required comparatively low sucrose concentration (5% for their optimal in vitro pollen germination (54.08%. Boric acid to certain extent also influences the in vitro pollen germination (56.2%. In the present investigation the nature of substrate in association with the effect of Boric acid, CaCO3, MgSO4 on the in vitro pollen germination of Eichhornia crassipes is also worked out. However the tested salts show no significant effect on pollen germination in the present study.

  2. In Vitro Pollen Germination of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart. Solms: An Insight into its Preferred Mode of Clonal Reproduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somnath BHOWMIK

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Eichhornia crassipes (Mart. Solms is an aquatic invasive weed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The plant rarely produces any fruit under natural condition In order to understand the causes of failure of seed set in this plant various aspect of pollen biology were studied. Pollen fertility and pollen viability was assessed using Muntzing s mixture and in acetic orcein and TTZ, while pollen germination was assessed with different concentrations of sucrose supplemented with boric acid and Ca and Mg salts. The aim of present study was to find out the cause of sexual incompatibility of Eichhornia crassipes (Mart. Solms. In spite of high pollen fertility, pollen viability and pollen germination the species show hardly any fruit set under natural condition. The abnormal pollen germination like curling of pollen tubes, shrinkage of pollen tube tips and bending of pollen tube might be reasons of sexual incompatibility of this species. It is observed that the taxa required comparatively low sucrose concentration (5% for their optimal in vitro pollen germination (54.08%. Boric acid to certain extent also influences the in vitro pollen germination (56.2%. In the present investigation the nature of substrate in association with the effect of Boric acid, CaCO3, MgSO4 on the in vitro pollen germination of Eichhornia crassipes is also worked out. However the tested salts show no significant effect on pollen germination in the present study.

  3. Acute and subacute oral toxicity assessment of the oil extracted from Attalea phalerata Mart ex Spreng. pulp fruit in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas de Lima, Fernando; Traesel, Giseli Karenina; Menegati, Sara Emilia Lima Tolouei; Santos, Ariany Carvalho Dos; Souza, Roosevelt Isaias Carvalho; de Oliveira, Vinícius Soares; Sanjinez-Argandoña, Eliana Janet; Cardoso, Claudia Andrea Lima; Oesterreich, Silvia Aparecida; Vieira, Maria do Carmo

    2017-01-01

    Attalea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng., popularly known as "bacuri", is a native plant from the brazilian Cerrado and used in folk medicine as a pulmonary decongestant, an anti-inflammatory for joints and antipyretic. There is an expectation about the use in chronic disease of the Attalea phalerata oil since its composition is high in carotenoids and beneficial fatty acids. The aim of the study was to evaluate the toxicological profile of the oil extracted from Attalea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng. pulp (APO). Acute and subacute toxicity studies were performed in male and female Wistar rats according to the OECD - Guidelines 425 and 407. For the acute toxicity, one single dose of the APO (2000mg/kg) was administered by gavage to five female rats. In the subacute toxicity, four different doses (125, 250, 500 and 1000mg/kg) of the APO were administered to male and female rats for 28 consecutive days. No deaths or behavioral changes were observed during both experiments as well as no changes in organ weights, hematological, histopathological parameters. The biochemical parameters showed changes in phosphatase alkaline and albumin levels, however these values are within the normal range for the species. A significant reduction in cholesterol and triglycerides was also observed in some of the animals treated with the APO. Therefore, the LD50 is higher than 2000mg/kg and the APO oil can be considered safe at the doses tested in rats. However, further assessments are required in order to proceed to clinical studies in humans.

  4. La mitología clásica en la obra de Fr. Martín Sarmiento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Romero, Fernando

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available We have studied the references we have found in the works of Fr. Martin Sarmiento about the Classical World and specially about Classical Mythology. Those references have relationship above all with Fray Martin's commentaries about linguistics (specially etymology, literature, history, pedagogy, botany and social and political questions, and can be found both in his erudite works and in his epistles. Those mentions are often found in his commentaries about Galicia's ancient history, language and folklore.

    Nos hemos propuesto realizar un estudio de las referencias que encontramos en los escritos de Fr. Martín Sarmiento a propósito de la Antigüedad grecolatina y en particular de la Mitología. Esas referencias se hallan especialmente en relación con las reflexiones de Fray Martín sobre cuestiones lingüísticas (etimológicas en buena parte, literarias, históricas, pedagógicas, botánicas y sociopolíticas, y aparecen tanto en sus obras eruditas como en sus epístolas. Con frecuencia esas alusiones se refieren a sus comentarios a propósito de la historia antigua, la lengua y las costumbres de Galicia.

  5. Agnets Bozhi v Tserkvi Sv. Katarinõ : V. Martõnov, J. Ljubimov i A. Mustonen sozdali Apokalipsis / Ilja Sundelevitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sundelevitsh, Ilja

    2001-01-01

    15. ja 16. aprillil esietendus Katariina kirikus "Apokalypsis", eesti-vene ühisprojekt. Müsteeriumi lavastaja Juri Ljubimov, helilooja Vladimir Martõnov, dirigent Andres Mustonen (kaastegevad Eesti meestelaulu Seltsi poistekoor ja Tallinna poistekoor ning Rahvusmeeskoor), kunstnik Pille Jänes

  6. A new Oligonychus and description of the female allotype of Oligonychus psidium Estebanes & Baker (Acari, Tetranychidae from Qualea grandiflora Mart. (Vochysiaceae in northwestern São Paulo, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinaldo J.F. Feres

    1995-09-01

    Full Text Available Oligonychus longipenis, sp.n. and the female allotype of O. psidium Estebanes & Baker, 1968 from Qualea grandiflora Mart. (Vochysiaceae is described. The male of O. psidium is redescribed in Northwestern São Paulo (Brazil. This is the first record for 0. psidium in Brazil.

  7. El urbanismo de Santiago de Compostela : un plano con las plazuelas de San Martín y de San Miguel de 1709

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Taín Guzmán

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo está dedicado al estudio de un plano inédito de 1709 donde se representan las plazuelas de San Martín y de San Miguel, en el barrio intramuros de la Puerta de la Peña de Santiago de Compostela. Gracias al referido dibujo, analizo al detalle el entramado urbano de ambos espacios públicos y los edificios que los delimitan, particularmente la iglesia de San Martín Pinario, el desaparecido Palacio del Tribunal de la Santa Inquisición y la iglesia parroquial de San Miguel dos Agros.The article focuses on the study of a 1709 inpublished street plan of two squares —San Martín and San Miguel— in the Puerta de la Peña quarter (Santiago de Compostela. This oíd drawing shows the urban framework of both public spaces and also the buildings around: San Martín Pinario, the lost Palacio del Tribunal de la Santa Inquisición and the paroquial church of San Miguel de los Agros.

  8. Kas euro toob meile pensioni 1700 eurot nagu Kreekas? / Kärt Anvelt ; kommenteerinud Hanno Pevkur, Mart Siilivask, Ingvar Bärenklau ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anvelt, Kärt, 1973-

    2010-01-01

    Sotsiaalminister Hanno Pevkur, Swedbanki pressiesindaja Mart Siilivask, rahandusministeeriumi eurospetsialist Ingvar Bärenklau, Tartu Ülikooli pressiesindaja Mehis Tuisk, Eesti Panga juhtivspetsialist Viljar Rääsk, Politsei- ja piirivalveameti pressiesindaja Harrys Puusepp ning Kaupmeeste Liidu tegevdirektor Marika Merilai kommenteerivad seoses euro tulekuga tekkinud küsimusi

  9. Gratulatoria del Rector José Ramón Alonso Peña. Solemne investidura como Doctor "Honoris Causa" de Basilio Martín Patino

    OpenAIRE

    Alonso Peña, José-Ramón

    2007-01-01

    Gratulatoria del Rector de la Universidad de Salamanca, José Ramón Alonso Peña con motivo de la investidura como Doctor Honoris Causa de Basilio Martín Patino, celebrada en Salamanca el 28 de noviembre de 2007.

  10. Inventario de bienes de Juan Martínez, escribano público de Jerez de la Frontera en la primera mitad del siglo XV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.ª Belén Piqueras García

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study is centered in the analysis of the Inventory of valuable objects of Juan Martínez, Jerez de la Frontera notary public during the first half of 15th century; Persecuting to bring to light this document from notarial type, until now unpublished, that approached its content and diplomatic analysis.

  11. Kas euro toob meile pensioni 1700 eurot nagu Kreekas? / Kärt Anvelt ; kommenteerinud Hanno Pevkur, Mart Siilivask, Ingvar Bärenklau ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anvelt, Kärt, 1973-

    2010-01-01

    Sotsiaalminister Hanno Pevkur, Swedbanki pressiesindaja Mart Siilivask, rahandusministeeriumi eurospetsialist Ingvar Bärenklau, Tartu Ülikooli pressiesindaja Mehis Tuisk, Eesti Panga juhtivspetsialist Viljar Rääsk, Politsei- ja piirivalveameti pressiesindaja Harrys Puusepp ning Kaupmeeste Liidu tegevdirektor Marika Merilai kommenteerivad seoses euro tulekuga tekkinud küsimusi

  12. Longitudinal immune monitoring of patients receiving intratumoral injection of a MART-1 T-cell receptor-transduced cell line (C-Cure 709)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Køllgaard, Tania; Duval, Lone; Schmidt, Henrik;

    2009-01-01

    analyzed in peripheral blood by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) before and after intratumoral injection of C-Cure 709. RESULTS: No treatment-induced increase in Ag-specific T-cell frequencies was observed in peripheral blood, and the phenotype of MART-1-specific T cells was very stable during...

  13. Mart Susi müüb Concordia ülikooli hüvanguks Kolu mõisa / Sigrid Laev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laev, Sigrid

    2003-01-01

    Concordia ülikooli rektor Mart Susi pani müüki endale kuuluva Kolu mõisa, et sellest saadava rahaga katta ülikooli vajadusi. Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikool on Concordia ostmisest huvitatud. Concordia ülikooli tudengid on teinud üleskutse ühinemiseks, et kooli tuleviku suhtes kaasa rääkida

  14. Small parts: Crisóstomo Martínez (1638-1694), bone histology, and the visual making of body wholeness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valverde, Nuria

    2009-09-01

    The Valencian engraver Crisóstomo Martínez (ca. 1638-1694) arrived in Paris in July 1687, commissioned to create an anatomical atlas. Impressed by Govard Bidloo's Anatomia humani corporis (1685), Martínez decided to make a comparable work on osteology. His unpublished atlas of anatomy was exceptional in its choice of topic, its quality, and its overall visual approach. Martínez's work revolves around the dissolving effects of microscopic study on the traditional understanding of the connections between parts and whole. Underlying his investigation into the most effective composition of an anatomical atlas was the idea of the self-organizing and complex nature of the body as itself a composition, an idea rooted in the way observation and judgment, the seen and the unseen, and notions about collections and communities were connected in the vanitas culture. This essay explores the links between Martínez's work and the cultures of a time in which observation and interpretation of the processes of death, decay, and fragmentation played a primary role in defining a common human nature around which notions of destiny could be articulated.

  15. Eesti majanduskriisi dilemma: stimuleerida või lasta kõigil kannatada? / Mikk Salu ; kommenteerinud Ülo Kaasik ja Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Autor vaatleb, mida teevad praegu maailma riikide keskpangad ja valitsused, et kriisist välja tulla, ning avaldab arvamust, et eelarvepoliitika on enam-vähem ainus vahend, mida Eesti valitsus saab kasutada. Küsimusest, kas Eesti peaks laenama või kasutama reserve. Kommenteerivad Ülo Kaasik ja Mart Laar

  16. Literatura y esquizofrenia: en torno a Las Rubáiyátas de Horacio Martín de Félix Grande

    OpenAIRE

    Mora Contreras, Francisco Javier

    2000-01-01

    Artículo que analiza las conexiones entre la creatividad y la esquizofrenia en el marco de la poesía autobiográfica y, más concretamente, sobre Las Rubáyatas de Horacio Martín, de Félix Grande.

  17. Eesti majanduskriisi dilemma: stimuleerida või lasta kõigil kannatada? / Mikk Salu ; kommenteerinud Ülo Kaasik ja Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Autor vaatleb, mida teevad praegu maailma riikide keskpangad ja valitsused, et kriisist välja tulla, ning avaldab arvamust, et eelarvepoliitika on enam-vähem ainus vahend, mida Eesti valitsus saab kasutada. Küsimusest, kas Eesti peaks laenama või kasutama reserve. Kommenteerivad Ülo Kaasik ja Mart Laar

  18. La modernización de Nuestra América en La Edad de Oro de José Martí

    OpenAIRE

    Almenas, Egberto

    2011-01-01

    El texto presenta un análisis de la obra de José Martí titulada: “La edad de oro”. En él, sobresale el manejo técnico del discurso, que retiene sin contradecirse el ―barroquismo‖ también ―necesario‖ que comúnmente se le atribuye a la obra martiana.

  19. Effects of diets with Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell. on performance and digestibility of growing rabbits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Molina

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The effects on performance and digestibility in growing rabbits were studied by comparing 3 diets containing increasing inclusion rates of amaranth (Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell.: 0 (A0, 160 (A16 and 320 g/kg (A32 diet. Diets were formulated isoproteic and isocaloric to meet the nutrient requirements of growing rabbits. One hundred and thirteen weaned New Zealand White rabbits (mean±standard deviation weight: 760±102 g, individually caged, were randomly assigned to one of the 3  experimental diets. Rabbits were fed ad libitum from 35 to 87 d of age, and health status and performance traits were  onitored. The coefficients of total tract apparent digestibility of the diets were measured between 42 and 46 d of age in 12 rabbits per treatment. Amaranthus dubius contained 209 g/kg dry matter (DM of crude protein and 398 g/kg DM of neutral detergent fibre. There were no significant differences between treatments in weight gain (mean 21.6 g/d and live weight at the end of the fattening period (mean 1883 g. Daily feed intake was higher (P<0.05 in A0 than in A16 and A32 diets (85.4 vs. 73.7 and 69.9 g/d, respectively, and feed conversion rate improved with increased inclusion of A. dubius in the diet (from 3.84 to 3.28 for A0 and A32 diets, respectively; P<0.05. Health status was not affected by the amaranth inclusion rate. Total tract apparent digestibility showed high values, with no differences among diets except for ether extract. Thus, A. dubius could be considered as an alternative source of protein and fibre for rabbit feeding in tropical and subtropical regions.

  20. Estudo etnofarmacológico e etnobotânico de Himatanthus drasticus (Mart. Plumel (janaguba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.P. SOARES

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Himatanthus drasticus (Mart. Plumel, janaguba, produz um látex em seu caule que é usado para o tratamento de alguns tipos de câncer, vermes intestinais, febre, menstruações irregulares, infertilidade feminina e úlceras gástricas. Estudos fitoquímicos revelaram a presença de acetato de lupeol e proteínas; e estudos farmacológicos, os efeitos antiúlcera, antitumoral, imunomodulador, analgésico e anti-inflamatório. O presente trabalho objetivou realizar levantamento etnobotânico e etnofarmacológico sobre H. drasticus como contribuição ao conhecimento científico da referida espécie. Foi elaborado um questionário, que foi aplicado em entrevista a 21 raizeiros nos mercados das cidades de Crato, Fortaleza e Pacajus do estado do Ceará (CE. Observou-se que 38,1% dos raizeiros têm mais de 10 anos de serviço e 47,6%, estão na faixa etária de 40 a 59 anos, o que representa um fator positivo quanto à experiência com plantas medicinais. Aproximadamente 85,7% dos raizeiros relataram o uso do látex da H. drasticus para tratamento de úlcera; 66,7% para inflamação; 66,7% para câncer. Verificou-se que as principais indicações terapêuticas relatadas pelos raizeiros sobre esta espécie estão de acordo com as informações científicas. Os levantamentos etnobotânicos e etnofarmacológicos exercem um papel primordial no resgate do conhecimento tradicional, nos meios rurais e urbanos, tanto por seu valor histórico-cultural, como também pela necessidade de confirmação das indicações de uso.

  1. Using remote sensing to monitor herbicide injury and biomass of waterhyacinth [Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robles, Wilfredo

    Aquatic vegetation plays an important role in the ecological interactions and processes within a water body. However, the presence of the invasive exotic aquatic plant species, waterhyacinth [Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms], negatively affects those interactions as well as interfering with water use for recreation and navigation. An implemented management plan for waterhyacinth control relies on the use of herbicides. Efficacy is commonly assessed using visual injury and control ratings as well as estimating biomass. The problem is that those approaches are labor intensive only assessing single points throughout the entire water body. Therefore, technology like remote sensing, which is the focus of this research, is recommended as an additional tool to assess implemented management plans. Studies were conducted in a mesocosm research facility to evaluate the relationship between simulated spectral bands 3, 4, 5, and 7 Landsat 5 TM and waterhyacinth treated with the herbicides imazapyr and glyphosate. Results indicate that injury is better detected and predicted with band 4 and that relationship is negative when either herbicide was used. However, prediction is better when plants have developed sufficient injury to influence the spectral response of band 4. In the second study, the biomass of waterhyacinth was estimated using the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) using simulated data from Landsat 5 TM. This study was conducted over natural populations of waterhyacinth in Lakes Columbus and Aberdeen, MS over two growing seasons. Results indicate that the use of NDVI alone is a weak predictor of biomass; however, its combination with morphometric parameters like leaf area index enhanced predictive capabilities. In order to assess field herbicide treatments for waterhyacinth control and its consequent impact on native aquatic vegetation, lake-wide surveys were performed in Lake Columbus, MS using a point-intercept method. The herbicide assessed was 2

  2. Phenotypic distance among assai palm’s mother plants (Euterpe oleracea Mart. from Eastern Amazon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosemiro Santos Galate

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The açai palm tree (Euterpe oleracea Mart. is native to the Amazonian estuary. Media revelation of the nutraceutical properties of açai palm has resulted in its introduction in the national and international markets, consequently increasing the açai palm crop area in the Amazon. Nevertheless, açai palm cultivation is performed in a rational manner, because of limited product extraction from the native açai palm varieties. The study aimed to conduct a preliminary estimate of genetic variability, parameters, and phenotypic divergence of parent açai palms. Data from 129 parent plants from northeast Pará was collected. Analysis of variance (ANOVA of 22 morphoagronomic traits was performed to estimate the genetic parameters. Divergence was estimated using standardized average euclidean distance by using unweighted pair group method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA and Tocher clustering methods. Significant variance was noted in 77.3% traits (ANOVA, p<0.01 and p<0.05; CVg/CVe ratio indicated that 72.3% traits may present genetic variability for use in breeding programs. The euclidean distance showed EO-070 and EO-072 parent plants (Combu Island as the least divergent, and EO-010 (Belém and EO-018 (Salinópolis as the most divergent. The clustering methods determined ten (Tocher and nine (UPGMA similar groups. The most dissimilar parent plants were EO-035 (Capitão Poço, EO- 109 (Combu Island, EO-019 (Salinópolis, and EO-010 (Belém (Tocher method, whereas even the EO-010 (Belém; EO-011 (São João de Pirabas; EO-017, EO-018, and EO-019 (Salinópolis; EO-062 and EO-109 (Combu Island plants showed dissimilarity. We concluded that the 129 mother plants have high phenotypic variability, indicating the possibility of their use in genetic breeding programs. Further, the divergent parent plants can be used in the production of genotypes with favorable characteristics.

  3. Food habits of the stone marten (Martes foina in the upper Aveto Valley (Northern Apennines, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Martinoli

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The diet of the stone marten (Martes foina was studied analysing 63 faeces collected from February 1990 to December 1991. The results were expressed as relative percentage of frequency (Fr% and as percentage of mean bulk (Vm%. Mammals, mainly rodents, were the staple in the diet (annual Vm% = 62.9 and reached a maximum peak in winter (Vm% = 79.4. Vegetables were mostly represented by Rosaceae fruits (annual Vm% = 22.3 and were consumed during all year round. Insects, mainly Coleoptera and Orthoptera, were fairly frequently eaten, although their volume was not remarkable (annual Vm% = 4.1. Birds and garbage were scarcely used. The trophic niche breadth of the stone marten, evaluated using the Levin's index (B, varied from 2.49 in winter to 4.8 in summer. In the same study area the diet of the red fox (Vulpes vulpes was studied. The niche overlap between this canid and the stone marten was not extensive (Op = 0.52; Os = 0.51. Riassunto Indagine sul comportamento trofico della faina (Martes foina in alta Val d'Aveto (Appennino Ligure-Emiliano - La dieta della Faina (Martes foina è stata studiata analizzando 63 feci raccolte dal febbraio 1990 al dicembre 1991. I dati ottenuti, espressi come frequenza relativa percentuale (Fr% e come volume medio percentuale (Vm%, evidenziano che i Mammiferi, in particolare i Roditori, sono la componente alimentare principale (Vm% annuale = 62,9, con maggior consumo durante il periodo invernale (Vm% = 79,4. I vegetali, rappresentati per la maggior parte dai frutti delle Rosacee (Vm% annuale = 22,3, sono la seconda categoria trofica per importanza e compaiono per tutto l'arco dell'anno. Gli Insetti, quasi esclusivamente Coleotteri ed Ortotteri, presentano una discreta percentuale di utilizzo (Fr% annuale = 21,2 pur non avendo un'incidenza volumetricamente importante (Vm% annuale = 4,1. Gli Uccelli costituiscono una fonte

  4. Preparation and characterization of high density polyethylene and residual fibre of Attalea funifera Mart (piacava) composites; Preparacao e caracterizacao de compositos de polietileno de alta densidade com residuos de fibras de piacava da especie Attalea funifera Mart

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agrela, Sara P.; Guimaraes, Danilo H.; Jose, Nadia M., E-mail: saraagrela@hotmail.co [Universidade Federal da Bahia (GECIM/IQ/UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica. Grupo de Energia e Ciencias dos Materiais; Carvalho, Gleidson G.P. [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil). Escola de Medicina Veterinaria. Dept. de Producao Animal; Carvalho, Ricardo F. [Universidade Federal da Bahia (EP/UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil). Escola Politecnica. Curso de Mestrado em Engenharia Ambiental Urbana

    2009-07-01

    The use of natural fiber reinforcement thermoplastic polymer is continuously increasing. This fact is manly due to its advantages as low cost, availability, recyclability, low energy demand and then environmental appeal if compared to synthetics fibers. The composites were prepared in different fiber volume ratios (5%, 10% and 20%) mixed with high density polyethylene (HDPE) and heated at 190 deg C. Thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry were used to investigate thermal stability. The composites structure was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry. Fiber and residue of piassava (Attalea funifera Mart) chemical composition were determined by Van Soest Method. The results indicate that thermo stability of the composites of HDPE prepared with fiber volume ratios up to 20% is only slightly lowered. (author)

  5. Fungos conidiais em Euterpe oleracea Mart. (açaizeiro na Ilha do Combu, Pará-Brasil Conidial Fungi on Euterpe oleracea Mart. on Combu Island, Pará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Corrêa de Castro

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho teve como objetivo investigar a ocorrência de fungos conidiais (hyphomycetes associados à decomposição de material vegetal morto de Euterpe oleracea Mart. (açaizeiro na Área de Proteção Ambiental da ilha do Combu, município de Belém, Pará. Entre agosto de 2008 e abril de 2009, foram coletadas partes em decomposição de palmeiras de E. oleracea e mantidas em câmara-úmida durante sete dias. As estruturas reprodutivas dos fungos foram retiradas e montadas em lâminas semipermanentes para o estudo morfológico em microscopia óptica. O presente trabalho contém descrições, comentários, distribuição geográfica e ilustrações dos novos registros para o Brasil. Como resultados deste estudo foram identificados 45 táxons de hifomicetos. Todos são novos registros para a área de estudo, destes 11 representam novos registro para o Brasil e 12 para a Amazônia brasileira.The objective of this study was look for conidial fungi (hyphomycetes associated with decomposing, dead vegetative material of Euterpe oleracea Mart. collected on Combu Island (Belém, Pará, an environmentally protected area. From August 2008 to April 2009, decomposing parts of E. oleracea were collected and kept in a moist chamber for seven days. Somatic and reproductive fungal structures were extracted from the substrate and mounted on semi-permanent slides for morphological study using optical microscopy. This paper includes descriptions, comments, geographical distributions and illustrations of new records for Brazil. All these records are new for the study area, 11 are new records for Brazil, and 12 are new for the Brazilian Amazon.

  6. Väike riik on kallis : Arvamusi president Arnold Rüütli aastapäevakõne kohta / Siim Kallas, Tiit Vähi, Mart Laar...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Arvamust avaldavad peaminister Siim Kallas, suurettevõtja Tiit Vähi, Riigikogu liige Mart Laar, MTÜ Eesti Caritas projektijuht Lagle Parek, Aasta Põllumees, Külmsoo talu peremees Raivo Musting ja Tallinna linnapea Edgar Savisaar

  7. Peptides derived from self-proteins as partial agonists and antagonists of human CD8+ T-cell clones reactive to melanoma/melanocyte epitope MART1(27-35)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Loftus, D J; Squarcina, P; Nielsen, M B

    1998-01-01

    The self-peptide MART1(27-35) derives from the melanocyte/melanoma protein Melan A/MART1 and is a target epitope of CD8+ T cells, commonly recovered from tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes of HLA-A2.1+ melanoma patients. Despite their prevalence in such patients, these CTLs generally appear to be ine......The self-peptide MART1(27-35) derives from the melanocyte/melanoma protein Melan A/MART1 and is a target epitope of CD8+ T cells, commonly recovered from tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes of HLA-A2.1+ melanoma patients. Despite their prevalence in such patients, these CTLs generally appear...

  8. Mart Humal, "Uuringuid tonaalstruktuuridest. Sissejuhatus ja neliteist analüütilist etüüdi" : (Töid muusikateooria alalt III; Tallinn : Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia, 2007) / Kerri Kotta

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotta, Kerri

    2007-01-01

    Rets. rmt. : Humal, Mart. Uuringuid tonaalstruktuuridest : sissejuhatus ja neliteist analüütilist etüüdi = Studies on tonal structures : introduction and fourteen analytical studies. Tallinn : Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia, 2007. - Töid muusikateooria alalt ; 3

  9. Endoparasites of American marten (Martes americana): Review of the literature and parasite survey of reintroduced American marten in Michigan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spriggs, Maria C; Kaloustian, Lisa L; Gerhold, Richard W

    2016-12-01

    The American marten (Martes americana) was reintroduced to both the Upper (UP) and northern Lower Peninsula (NLP) of Michigan during the 20th century. This is the first report of endoparasites of American marten from the NLP. Faeces from live-trapped American marten were examined for the presence of parasitic ova, and blood samples were obtained for haematocrit evaluation. The most prevalent parasites were Capillaria and Alaria species. Helminth parasites reported in American marten for the first time include Eucoleus boehmi, hookworm, and Hymenolepis and Strongyloides species. This is the first report of shedding of Sarcocystis species sporocysts in an American marten and identification of 2 coccidian parasites, Cystoisospora and Eimeria species. The pathologic and zoonotic potential of each parasite species is discussed, and previous reports of endoparasites of the American marten in North America are reviewed.

  10. Martín Malharro y la enseñanza del dibujo en la escuela primaria argentina (1904 - 1909)

    OpenAIRE

    Welti, María Elisa

    2011-01-01

    El pintor argentino Martín Malharro ocupó la Inspección Técnica de Dibujo del Consejo Nacional de Educación (en adelante CNE) entre 1904 y 1909. Desde este cargo, Malharro impulsó una reforma en la enseñanza del dibujo en las escuelas implementando el “método Malharro” o el “método natural”. Este método - que sintetiza las propuestas de Malharro acerca de la enseñanza del dibujo en las escuelas y que conjuga las ideas pedagógicas de Rousseau, Pestalozzi y Spencer, entre otros, con las nuevas ...

  11. Endoparasites of American marten (Martes americana: Review of the literature and parasite survey of reintroduced American marten in Michigan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria C. Spriggs

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The American marten (Martes americana was reintroduced to both the Upper (UP and northern Lower Peninsula (NLP of Michigan during the 20th century. This is the first report of endoparasites of American marten from the NLP. Faeces from live-trapped American marten were examined for the presence of parasitic ova, and blood samples were obtained for haematocrit evaluation. The most prevalent parasites were Capillaria and Alaria species. Helminth parasites reported in American marten for the first time include Eucoleus boehmi, hookworm, and Hymenolepis and Strongyloides species. This is the first report of shedding of Sarcocystis species sporocysts in an American marten and identification of 2 coccidian parasites, Cystoisospora and Eimeria species. The pathologic and zoonotic potential of each parasite species is discussed, and previous reports of endoparasites of the American marten in North America are reviewed.

  12. Francisco Martínez de la Rosa and church-state controversial relation in Spain (1834-1835

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Vilar García

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to provide and analyze Francisco Martínez de la Rosa’s unpublished correspondence during his term as President of the Spanish Government in the 1834-1835 biennium, maintained with Amat di San Filippo Luigi, nuncio in Spain, and kept in the Vatican Secret Archives. Such correspondence consists of three letters with official mail format, although they could be considered rather confidential for their content. In these documents, the Spanish government strives, albeit unsuccessfully, to achieve recognition by Rome of Elizabeth II of Spain and his liberal regime. And last but not least, in this paper, it is also noteworthy to highlight the urgent need to fill the many vacant Dioceses in Spain.

  13. El filólogo Pedro Martínez López: un libelista liberal imaginativo

    OpenAIRE

    Vauchelle-Haquet, Aline

    2006-01-01

    En 1830, el filólogo Pedro Martínez López tuvo que exiliarse a Francia por motivos políticos. En 1832, sacó a luz en Burdeos una Representación a Fernando VII, rey de España, panfleto en el que espetaba toda una sarta de acusaciones contra el tirano. A finales del año siguiente, publicó La España en 1833, al expirar Fernando VII, otro libelo en que responsabilizaba al despotismo de la desastrosa situación de su país y afirmaba que sólo se podrían remediar tantos atropellos e ...

  14. De Martí a Fidel: a revolução cubana e a América Latina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Bernardo Pericás

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Livro que já se tornou referência nos meios diplomático e acadêmico, De Martí a Fidel: a revolução cubana e a América Latina, do historiador e cientista político Luiz Alberto Moniz Bandeira, ganha agora uma nova edição, revisada e ampliada.

  15. Infancia y modernidad. José Martí y La Exposición de París

    OpenAIRE

    María del Rocío García Rey

    2014-01-01

    El presente trabajo toma como eje “La Exposición de París”, texto escrito por José Martí y publicado en el periódico infantil La Edad de Oro, en 1889. Nuestro objetivo es mostrar cómo el autor, sostenido en un pensamiento utópico, presentó en un escrito para niños su visión del devenir histórico en el cual Latinoamérica y su infancia eran parte del alter mundis. Exponemos que, como parte de los avatares de la modernidad, según el poeta, podría ser construido un nuevo orden político y cultural...

  16. Physiochemical Properties of the Pulp and Almonds of TUCUMÃ (Astrocaryum vulgare Mart) for Oil Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longo, R. M.; Ribeiro, A. I.; Melo, W. J.; Queiroz, M. R.; Russo, A. C.; Amaral, J. B.

    2009-04-01

    Tucumã (Astrocaryum vulgare Mart) it is a palm tree commonly found at the Amazonian forest of firm earth, it produces nutritious fruits, quite appreciated by the local population. The seeds are for the obtaining of eatable olive oil and soap, the endocarp is employee for the local population in the making of earrings, rings, bracelets, necklaces and other workmanships. This species has occurrence also in Acre, Rondônia, Pará, Mato Grosso, Roraima, Trindad, Guyana and Bolivia. The objective of this work was to accomplish mechanical tests on the fruits with the purpose of studying the rupture of the shell and the whole income almonds and to obtain the impact loads in tucumã fruits. It was also characterized biochemical compositions of the pulp and the almond seeking the use for the other ends. The physiochemical parameters analyzed were: moisture content, fats gray, total protein, fiber, carbohydrate, calorie, fats acids and vitamins, just in the pulp: vitamin E, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B5, vitamin B3, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, vitamin C, vitamin D3 and vitamin E. The obtained results revealed that the maximum force of rupture was of approximately 6200 N for the direction apex-insert and 7200 N for the perpendicular direction; then this the tucumã fruit with high shell hardness when compared to the other types of chestnuts, being necessary studies to design machines capable to promote mechanical breaking and thus facilitating, its commercial exploration. The pulp of the tucumã fruits, presented a significant amount of fats (32%), following by carbohydrates (19,7%) and fibers (18,4). The caloric value was of 380 Kcal/g. Also the pulp presented good amount of vitamin B3 (niacin - 76,7%) and C (acid ascorbic - 23,6%). In relation to the fat acids the pulp presents contents of acid oleic (C18.1) about 72,8% following for linoléico (C18.2), being a good product for the human and animal feeding,. In the almond 24,2% of fiber, 10,7% of fats, 17,0% of

  17. Täna räägime majandusest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Rahvaliidu, Res Publica, Isamaaliidu ja Keskerakonna poliitikud meenutavad eelmisi kohalikke valimisi ja räägivad poliitikute debatil majandusest. Vestlusringis osalevad: Jüri Võigemast, Meelis Mettus, Andrus Villem, Riho Pihlapuu, Mart Järvik, Tiit Tammsaar, Kalle Talviste, Väino Sassi, Kalle Toomet. Üles kirjutanud Esne Ernits ja Kristiina Viiron

  18. Kallase tooli tahab mitu inimest / Raimo Poom, Kärt Anvelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2007-01-01

    Autorite väitel on poliitikaringkondades viidatud Mart Laari ambitsioonile Siim Kallas Euroopa Komisjoni voliniku kohalt välja vahetada, Kristiina Ojuland on kaalunud kandideerimist europarlamendi valimistel. Eesti võimaliku tulevase voliniku kandidaadi lõpliku sobivuse otsustab Euroopa Komisjoni president

  19. Tshem oni nam zapomniliss i kogo oni nam napomnili v 2008 godu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Kaitseminister Jaak Aaviksoo, siseminister Jüri Pihli, rahandusminister Ivari Padari, Narva linnavolikogu esimehe Mihhail Stalnuhhini, haridusminister Tõnis Lukase, majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Partsi, president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese, Keskerakonna esimees Edgar Savisaare, peaminister Andrus Ansipi, parlamendiliikmete Kristiina Ojulandi ja Mart Laari 2008. aasta väljaütlemisi

  20. José Martí e los indios de Norteamérica: mediazione culturale e «scontro di civiltà». Una rilettura critica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Badella

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The Cuban poet José Martí, “Master of the Americas” as pointed out by a famous Italian study by Carlo Batà, was probably the most important South American thinker of the two last decades of the Nineteenth century. This essay deals with the importance of “civilization clash” between US positivism - or WASP-ism - and the last resistances of Native Americans' cultural heritage during his personal experience as an exile in the United States. Martí, in this racial struggle and racist instincts, experienced a dual vision about the “Indian problem” in the Americas. In his first essays he focused on the positivistic view, really common among Latin American cultural élites (from Alberdi to Sarmiento, which depicted the Indian people as the burden of creole and white race in the path toward progress.On the other hand, as appeared clearly in Escenas americanas, the Cuban analysed more precisely the American struggle between civilization and savagery. In the cultural massacre inflicted to Indian tribes, he saw the real savagery in American civilization. So, this reflection paved the way to a new approach in considering the possibility of importing the Anglo-saxon model of civilization and political structures to the liberated Cuba after the independence (but also to continental Latin America.This relationship let us understand some interesting features in Martí's huge cultural production. We are introduced to the very essence of his cultural mediation between those two different lifestyles and models of civilization. This mediation would have represented a new way of intending North vs South America struggles or even Western way of life vs different ones, considered “barbarous” from the first.In our modern times, in which the terms “exporting values” or “civilization clash” seem to be very common in usage, it is really stimulating discover that the same problem was posed by Martí more than one century ago. Even if he did not

  1. Bionomics data and descriptions of the immatures of Calyptocephala gerstaeckeri Boheman (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), pest of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis J.) and camedor palm (Chamaedorea elegans Mart.) (Arecaceae) in Tabasco, Mexico; Datos bionomicos y descripcion de los inmaduros de Calyptocephala gerstaeckeri Boheman (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), plaga de la Palma Aceitera (Elaeis guineensis J.) y de la Palma Camedor (Chamaedorea elegans Mart.) (Arecaceae) en Tabasco, Mexico

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cordova-Ballona, Leonides [Universidad Popular de la Chontalpa, Tabasco (Mexico); Sanchez-Soto, Saul [Colegio de Postgraduados, Tabasco (Mexico). Campus Tabasco

    2008-11-15

    Characters of the external morphology of egg, larval instars and pupae of Calyptocephala gerstaeckeri Boheman, insect pest of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis J.) and camedor palm (Chamaedorea elegans Mart.) in the State of Tabasco, Mexico, are described and illustrated. Some bionomics data are also presented. The specie was reared in the laboratory on young oil palm plants. (author)

  2. José Martí y la Pedagogía. A propósito del aniversario de su nacimiento

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Luz Rodríguez Moreno

    2014-01-01

    José Julián Martí Pérez, Héroe Nacional de Cuba, nació el 28 de enero de 1853. Su ideario pedagógico lo encontramos presente en muchas de sus publicaciones, como son: crónicas periodísticas, cartas y la Revista La Edad de Oro. Martí recogió una valiosa herencia pedagógica de avanzada, representada en Félix Varela, José de la Luz y Caballero, Rafael María de Mendive y otros destacados maestros a los que, incluso, dedicó algunas de sus crónicas. Su ideario está presente en nuestra gran obra ...

  3. Anne Oruaas ja Mart Laanpere saavad Valgetähe V klassi ordeni / Ülle Tamm, Külli Koppelmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Ülle

    2017-01-01

    Eesti Vabariigi president Kersti Kaljulaid annab Valgetähe V klassi teenetemärgi Tallinna Ülikooli Digitehnoloogiate instituudi haridustehnoloogia vanemteadurile Mart Laanperele, kes on märkimisväärselt panustanud digikultuuri edendamisse Eesti koolides ning emakeeleõpetajale ja kodukandi ajaloo uurimise ja jäädvustamisega tegeleva MTÜ Kehra Raudteejaam juhatuse liikmele Anne Oruaasale, kes on edendanud kohalikku elu Anija vallas ja eriti Kehras

  4. Anne Oruaas ja Mart Laanpere saavad Valgetähe V klassi ordeni / Ülle Tamm, Külli Koppelmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Ülle

    2017-01-01

    Eesti Vabariigi president Kersti Kaljulaid annab Valgetähe V klassi teenetemärgi Tallinna Ülikooli Digitehnoloogiate instituudi haridustehnoloogia vanemteadurile Mart Laanperele, kes on märkimisväärselt panustanud digikultuuri edendamisse Eesti koolides ning emakeeleõpetajale ja kodukandi ajaloo uurimise ja jäädvustamisega tegeleva MTÜ Kehra Raudteejaam juhatuse liikmele Anne Oruaasale, kes on edendanud kohalikku elu Anija vallas ja eriti Kehras

  5. Martín Casillas, Senior Master of the Guadalajara Cathedral: New Sources and Interpretations about his Life and Artistic Production in New Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Camacho Cárdenas

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Martín Casillas’ artistic trajectory mostly took place in New Spain. And yet, Casillas is almost exclusively associated with his work as a senior master in the Cathedral of Guadalajara towards the end of the seventeenth century. This article highlights new data that amplifies his architectural production in New Spain, permitting a series of new interpretations about his life and works.

  6. An Investigation of the Relationship between the Individual Innovativeness and Problem Solving Skills of Teacher Candidates: The Case of Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University

    OpenAIRE

    Şahin İzmirli, Özden; Gürbüz, Onur

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the individual innovativeness and problem solving skills of teacher candidates. Single survey model and relational survey model are used as survey models. Population of the study comprises all teacher candidates from Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Faculty of Education. Within the context of the study, no sampling was carried out since the whole population was accessible. In this respect, data is gathered from 1568 teacher can...

  7. Critical amino acid residues in proteins: a BioMart integration of Reactome protein annotations with PRIDE mass spectrometry data and COSMIC somatic mutations

    OpenAIRE

    Cote, R. G.; Croft, D.; D'Eustachio, P.; D'Eustachio, P; Hermjakob, H.; Ndegwa, N.; Ovelleiro, D.; Vizcaino, J. A.

    2011-01-01

    The reversible phosphorylation of serine, threonine and tyrosine hydroxyl groups is an especially prominent form of post-translational modification (PTM) of proteins. It plays critical roles in the regulation of diverse processes, and mutations that directly or indirectly affect these phosphorylation events have been associated with many cancers and other pathologies. Here, we describe the development of a new BioMart tool that gathers data from three different biological resources to provide...

  8. Hiperendemicidad de leptospirosis y factores de riesgo asociados en localidades arroceras del departamento de San Martín - Perú¹

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rollin Cruz M

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Determinar la prevalencia de infección por leptospiras y los factores asociados a dicha infección en localidades dedicadas al cultivo de arroz del departamento de San Martín. Materiales y métodos: en este estudio transversal analítico se seleccionó una muestra de 457 pobladores de 73 localidades con la mayor producción de arroz de 4 provincias del departamento de San Martín de julio a diciembre del 2000, en quienes se evaluó la presencia de anticuerpos IgG antilesptospiras en suero por el método de ELISA, con identificación de los serovares (en muestras positivas a través de la prueba de microaglutinación (MAT. La presencia de factores de riesgo asociados a la infección por leptospiras fue evaluada por una encuesta epidemiológica. Resultados: 115 (25,2% pobladores tuvieron anticuerpos anti-leptospiras. Los factores asociados a la infección por leptospiras en los pobladores incluidos en la muestra fueron: edad mayor de 30 años (OR=1,69, p=0,018, no ser natural de San Martín (OR=1,59, p=0,032, ser agricultor (OR=1,71, p=0,013, habitar una vivienda con piso de tierra (OR=2,17, p=0,018, eliminación de excretas a campo abierto (OR=2,11, p=0,023 y no guardar lo comida tapada (OR=3,63, p=0,023. Conclusiones: existe una alta prevalencia de leptospirosis en áreas dedicadas al cultivo de arroz del departamento de San Martín. En estas zonas debe realizarse actividades educativas preventivas tomando en cuenta los factores de riesgo identificados.

  9. Aída Martínez y Silvia Galvis:Del documento al relato y de la ficción a la historia

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    Helena Araújo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available colombianas, la historiadora Aída Martínez y la novelista Silvia Galvis,a partir de los vínculos entre ficción e historia. Se parte de los planteamientosde Gérard Genette, quien considera que si los índices de"ficcionalidad" están también presentes en el

  10. José Martí, la Educación como Herramienta de Transformación y Liberación

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    Héctor Hernández Pardo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available José Martí otorgó a la educación un papel fundamental como elemento de transformación sociopolítica y económica en donde los métodos socráticos fueron reinventados para superar las metodologías conservadoras que acompañaban a la intelectualidad más reaccionaria. Para Martí, la educación debía estar encaminada a la liberación, pero basándose en el conocimiento y en la revalorización de la cultura y los valores latinoamericanos, y en manera alguna podía ser privilegio exclusivo de una clase.   José Martí gave to education a fundamental role as an element of socio-political and economic transformation, in which Socratic methods were reinvented to overcome conservative methodologies which were embedded in the most reactionary intellectuals. Therefore, this paper looks at his perspective over education. On the one hand, he argued it should be oriented towards liberation, but only insofar as it was based on the knowledge and appreciation of Latin American culture and values, and on the other, he highlighted that under no circumstances should it be an exclusive privilege of a social class.

  11. Preliminary data on the social ecology of the stone marten (Martes foina Erxleben 1777 in Tuscany (Central Italy

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    Piero Genovesi

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A research study on the spacing patterns and territoriality of the stone marten (Martes foina was carried out in Central Italy from 1990 to 1992. Twelve individuals were intensively radio-tracked in a wooded and rural area of Tuscany region. Our data seem to confirm a model of intrasexual territoriality for the species. In addition, social organization does not appear to change between different habitat conditions. Riassunto Dati preliminari sull'ecologia sociale della faina (Martes foina Erxleben 1777 in Toscana (Italia centrale - Dal 1990 a1 1992 è stata condotta una ricerca sull'uso dello spazio e la territorialità della faina (Martes foina in Italia centrale. 12 individui sono stati intensamente monitorati con tecniche radio-telemetriche in un'area forestale e rurale della Toscana. Dai nostri dati appare confermato per la specie il modello di territorialità intrasessuale. Inoltre, l'organizzazione sociale non sembra cambiare in differenti condizioni ambientali.

  12. La conmemoración de las Independencias hispanoamericanas en José Martí: El intelectual moderno y la guerra

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    Susana Emilce Zanetti

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Bolívar, San Martin and Páez are the only Independence protagonists to whom Martí devotes his celebratory speeches and chronicles. Those texts were published throughout a decade [from 1883 to 1894], exactly when Latin American political and cultural leaders regard themselves as having the right to establish [not without dispute] those "places of memory" [in the sense of Nora 2003] which monumentalize a recent heroic history. The texts by Martí are interesting in this sense: facing the imminent fight for the independence of Cuba, his evocation of past heroic deeds acquires a special symbolic value. It assumes the return to a finished era but from which ethical, social and political key values for the present must be extracted. Martí encourages the cult of the heroes but, at the same time, he imposes specific and divergent meanings. He celebrates the heroic deed but also emphasizes the bond between the leaders and the people, by pointing out the authority of both of them in materializing independency and the exclusion of the latter from the processes of modernization. And also, in his assessment, he warns about the errors of the leaders linked to the 'blindness of power'

  13. Caracterização morfoanatômica de plântulas de Gomphrena elegans Mart. (Amaranthaceae = Characterization of seedlings’ morphology and anatomy of Gomphrena elegans Mart. (Amaranthaceae

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    Rosilda Mara Mussury

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Para descrever a morfologia de plântulas e a anatomia de cotilédones e eofilos de Gomphrena elegans Mart., 100 sementes foram colocadas em germinador, a 25 ± 1ºC e 30 ± 1ºC, sob iluminação fluorescente branca contínua e outras 100 foram colocadas em sacos plásticos, contendo areia e terra adubada, mantidas em casa de vegetação sob condiçõesambiente, cobertas com sombrite 50% e regadas diariamente. O pecíolo e limbo cotiledonares e eofilares das plântulas foram seccionadas no terço mediano e bordo e analisadas em secções transversais e paradérmicas. A morfologia inicial da plântula é epigeofoliácea,a raiz axial, hipocótilo e epicótilo avermelhados. A venação é do tipo pinada, camptódroma e broquidódroma nos cotilédones e eofilos. A lâmina foliar e o pecíolo apresentam epiderme unisseriada com células de tamanho variável e estômatos anomocíticos. Ocorrem drusas de oxalato de cálcio nas lâminas foliares e pecíolos. O mesofilo dorsiventral apresenta uma camada de parênquima paliçádico e várias de lacunoso.Aiming to describe seedlings’ morphology and cotyledons and eophylls anatomy of Gomphrena elegans Mart., 100 seeds were put into plastic bags, with sand and fertilized soil (1:3, kept in the greenhouse under room conditions, with 50% shady and watered daily. Cotyledonous petiole and limb and seedlings eophylls were sectioned in median and border. They were then analyzed in transversal and paradermic sections. Seedlings initial morphology is epigeal-foliar, the rootis axial, and hypocotyls and epicotyl are reddish. Venation is of pinnate type, camptodrome and brochidrodome in cotyledons and eophylls. Petiole and leaf show uniseriated epidermis with cells of varied sizes and anomocytic stomata. Druses of calcium oxalate occurred in leaves and petiole. Dorsiventral mesophyll shows one palisade parenchyma layer and several lacunary ones.

  14. USO DE FARINHA DE JATOBÁ (HYMENAEA STIGONOCARPA MART. EM BISCOITOS TIPO “COOKIE” USO DE FARINHA DE JATOBÁ (HYMENAEA STIGONOCARPA MART. EM BISCOITOS TIPO “COOKIE”

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    MARIA REIS SILVA

    2009-07-01

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    RESUMO: O aproveitamento da farinha de jatobá (Hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart. foi investigado na produção de biscoitos tipo “cookie” com alto teor de fibra alimentar. Após a caracterização química da farinha de jatobá, foram elaborados biscoitos com farinhas mistas de trigo e jatobá contendo 10%, 15%, 20% e 25% de farinha de jatobá. Os biscoitos foram avaliados nas suas características químicas, físicas e sensoriais por comparação com um produto convencional ou padrão. A farinha de jatobá apresentou baixos teores de proteínas e altos teores de fibra alimentar. A farinha mista de trigo e jatobá deu origem a biscoitos com alto teor de fibra alimentar variando entre 7,5 e 10,0 g/100g e características físicas de qualidade levemente distintas do produto convencional. O diâmetro e fator de expansão dos biscoitos contendo diferentes níveis de farinha de jatobá foram significativamente diferentes da amostra controle. A adição de farinha de jatobá na preparação dos biscoitos não afetou significativamente o volume. Biscoitos elaborados com substituição de 10% e 15% de farinha de jatobá tiveram boa aceitação em testes de consumidores realizados em nível laboratorial. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Farinha de jatobá; hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart.; biscoito; fibra alimentar; análise sensorial; composição centesimal; características físicas.

  15. Análise fitoquímica e atividade antimicobacteriana de extratos metanólicos de Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart. (Bignoniaceae Phytochemical analysis and antimycobacterial activity of methanol extracts from Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart. (Bignoniaceae

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    A.L.A. Arruda

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart., conhecida popularmente como "caroba", "jacarandá" ou "bolacheira", é utilizada medicinalmente para o tratamento da sífilis e da gonorréia. A atividade antimicobacteriana dessa espécie foi avaliada em ensaios in vitro com os extratos metanólicos das cascas e folhas, segundo o Método Analítico Alamar Blue (MABA. Os valores de concentração inibitória mínima para os extratos metanólicos das cascas e das folhas de J. cuspidifolia foram iguais a CIM = 250 μg mL-1 para ambos os extratos. A análise fitoquímica, por Cromatografia em Camada Delgada de gel de sílica, dos extratos metanólicos das cascas e folhas revelou a presença de taninos, flavonóides, terpenos, cumarinas e esteróides. A análise dos perfis dos extratos metanólicos por Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Eficiência de Fase Reversa registrou a presença de compostos fenólicos derivados do verbascosídeo sugerindo a provável responsabilidade pela ação antimicobacteriana.Jacaranda cuspidifolia Mart., popularly known as "caroba", "jacaranda" or "bolacheira", is used as medicine for the treatment of syphilis and gonorrhea. The antimycobacterial activity of this species was assessed by means of in vitro assays with methanol extracts of barks and leaves according to the Microplate Alamar Blue Assay (MABA. The minimal inhibitory concentration values for methanol extracts of barks and leaves from J. cuspidifolia were MIC = 250 μg mL-1 for both extracts. Phytochemical analysis, by Thin Layer Chromatography on silica gel, of methanol extracts of barks and leaves revealed the presence of tannins, flavonoids, terpenes, cumarins and steroids. Analysis of the profiles of methanol extracts by High Performance Liquid Chromatography - Reversed Phase recorded the presence of phenolic compounds derivatives of verbascoside, suggesting their probable responsibility for the antimycobacterial action.

  16. CONTRIBUIÇÃO AO CONHECIMENTO DA BIOLOGIA DO Pachymerus nucleorum Fabr., 1972 (Bruchidae – Coleoptera em Syagrus oleraceae Mart. (Palmae CONTRIBUTION TO THE BIOLOGY KNOWLEDGE OF Pachymerus nucleorum FABR. 1792 (BRUCHIDAE-COLEOPTERA IN Syagrus oleraceae MART. (PALMAE

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    José Rodrigues Vieira

    2007-09-01

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    O bicho-do-coco, Pachymerus nucleorum Fabr., 1792 (Bruchidae-Coleoptera constitui um dos mais sérios problemas para o aproveitamento da amêndoa de várias espécies de palmeiras principalmente no nordeste do Brasil. A sua biologia foi estudada em cocos de guariroba Syagrus oleraceae Mart. (Palmae em ambiente de 1aboratório e de campo, utilizando-se cocos secos, maduros e verdes. O período médio de pré-oviposição foi de 13 dias, o de incubação de 15,56 dias, a fecundidade de 21,18, a fertilidade de 9,62 e o período larval de 23,88 dias. O menor índice de mortalidade deu-se no quarto instar e o maior no primeiro instar.

    This work is a contribution to the knowledgement of the biology of Pachymerus nucleorum Fabr., 1792 (Bruchidae-Coleoptera in coconuts of Syagrus oleraceae Mart. (Palmae. Among 16 couples species confined in laboratory from March 1977 to March 1978, we observed that each female made a maximum of three posture and the medium posture with 21.18 eggs. The medium period of pre-oviposition is 13 days and incubation period of 15.56 days. The pest presents five estages: larvae, pre-pupa, pupa and the adult forms, which were obtained in laboratory from 6 to 7 months. Mortality index of 33.12% was observed among larvae, pre-pupa, pupa and adult species. Also were developed observation in the eggs characteristics about fecundity, fertility, longevity of male and female and about pest habits.

  17. Atividades biológicas e enzimáticas do extrato aquoso de sementes de Caesalpinia ferrea Mart., Leguminosae Biological and enzymatic activities of aqueous extract of seeds from Caesalpinia ferrea Mart., Leguminosae

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    Mariana G. Cavalheiro

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. (jucá ou pau-ferro é uma espécie da família Leguminosae cuja ocorrência estende-se da região Nordeste ao Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Trata-se de uma espécie bastante utilizada na medicina popular pelas suas inúmeras propriedades terapêuticas tais como antiinflamatória, analgésica, antimicrobiana e antitérmica as quais indicam a presença de compostos de interesse farmacológico. Contudo, muitos estudos em plantas também investigam a presença de compostos de interesse industrial. Com base nas propriedades terapêuticas e atividades já descritas para essa espécie, esse trabalho objetivou pesquisar atividades biológicas no extrato de sementes de C. ferrea na busca por compostos de interesse industrial e farmacológico. Os resultados indicaram a presença das atividades celulásica, amilásica, anticoagulante e larvicida contra A. aegypti no extrato aquoso das sementes de C. ferrea, entretanto, não foram observadas as atividades tóxica aguda, hemolítica, heparinásica, antibacteriana e antifúngica.Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. is a species belonging to Leguminosae family commonly known in Brazil as "jucá" or "pau-ferro". It occurs in Brazil from the Northeast Region to the State of Rio de Janeiro and it is widely utilized in folk medicine due to its several therapeutic properties such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antimicrobial and antithermic, which indicate the presence of compounds of pharmacological interest. Besides, many studies with plants look for the presence of compounds with industrial applications. Based upon the therapeutic and bioactive properties described for this species so far, this work aimed to investigate several biological activities in the water extract of C. ferrea seeds. The results indicated the presence of the following activities: cellulase, amylase, anticoagulant and larvicide against A. aegypti in the water extract of C. ferrea seeds. Nevertheless, the extract did not show the

  18. Efeito da temperatura e do substrato na germinação de sementes de Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. ex Tul. (Leguminosae, Caesalpinoideae Effect of temperature and substrate on seed germination of Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. ex Tul. (Leguminosae, Caesalpinoideae

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    Juliana Domingues Lima

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. ex Tul. é uma leguminosa arbórea tropical que ocorre na região amazônica, sendo muito utilizada como planta medicinal e na arborização e paisagismo urbanos. Para viabilizar a produção de mudas, determinaram-se a melhor temperatura e o melhor substrato para a germinação das sementes. Sementes recém-colhidas apresentaram teor médio de água de 7,46%, porcentagem de germinação de 3,33% e baixo ganho de água durante a embebição, mostrando dormência tegumentar. A escarificação mecânica com lixa nº 40 foi um método eficiente para superação da dormência, comprovado pela alta porcentagem de germinação e embebição de água em sementes escarificadas. A porcentagem de germinação dessas sementes foi influenciada pela temperatura, mas não pelo substrato. Com base no tempo médio de germinação, recomenda-se a temperatura de 30 ºC e areia como substrato para germinação mais rápida de sementes escarificadas.Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. ex Tul. is a tropical legume tree occurring in the Amazon region, commonly used as medicine plant and in urban landscaping. To make seedling production feasible the best temperature and substrate for seed germination were determined. Recently harvested seeds present 7.46% mean moisture content, 3.33% germination percentage and lower moisture gain during soaking, showing tegument dormancy. Mechanical scarification with 40 grit sandpaper was proven an efficient method to overcome the dormancy, resulting in higher germination percentage and water imbibition in scarified seeds. The germination percentage of scarified seeds was influenced by temperature, but not by substrate. Based on the mean germination time, it is recommended the temperature of 30ºC and sand like substrate for faster germination of scarified seeds.

  19. Caracterização química parcial da semente de jatobá-do-cerrado (Hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart. Partial chemical characterization of jatobá-do-cerrado seeds (Hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart.

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    Tatiana G. Matuda

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo a caracterização química parcial da semente de jatobá-do-cerrado (Hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart., a fim de avaliar o potencial de aproveitamento desta espécie e contribuir para a preservação de espécies nativas do cerrado, através da valorização de seus recursos naturais. A semente apresentou alto teor de fibras (85,31%, 9,05% de proteínas e 5,30% de lipídios (base seca. A análise de aminoácidos mostrou que a proteína, como outras leguminosas, tem os aminoácidos sulfurados e a treonina como aminoácidos limitantes. A fração lipídica apresentou 75% de ácidos graxos insaturados, sendo o ácido linoléico dominante (46,9%. Dentre os fatores antinutricionais estudados, os compostos fenólicos, com 48mg/g de farinha de jatobá desengordurada (base seca, mostraram teor acima do encontrado em outras leguminosas. A semente de jatobá mostrou-se pobre em macronutrinentes quando comparada a leguminosas utilizadas na alimentação, mas o alto teor de fibras, possivelmente constituídas de xiloglucanas e galactomananas, pode levar ao aproveitamento rentável destas sementes.The objective of this work was the partial chemical characterization of the jatobá-do-cerrado (Hymenaea stigonocarpa Mart. seed in order to evaluate the potential value as a food and/or feed source and to contribute to the preservation of Brazilian native species from "cerrado" through valorization of its natural resources. Jatobá-do-cerrado seeds had a high crude fiber content (85.31%, 9.05% of crude protein and 5.30% of total lipids (dry basis. Amino acids analysis showed that protein was deficient in sulfur amino acids and treonin and high in other essential amino acids. Lipid fraction showed 75% of unsaturated fatty acid and linoleic acid was dominant (46.9%. Amongst the studied antinutritional factors, total phenolics (48mg/Êg of defatted flour, dry basis was higher than in other leguminous seeds. However, despite the fact that

  20. Silvia Mistral, Constancia de la Mora y Dolores Martí: Relatos y memorias del exilio de 1939

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    Domínguez Prats, Pilar

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the autobiographical accounts of three Republican women from the first generation of Republican exiles, born between 1900 and 1910. The stories are those of Constancia de la Mora, Silvia Mistral and Dolores Martí, all written just following the Spanish Civil War, between 1939 and 1940, although for two of the authors this was the first stage of exile that finally took them on to Mexico. These accounts are examined within the framework of the socio-political context in which the authors lived during the first three decades of the twentieth century. The stories mix the personal and individual with the collective memory. The women harbour very contrary political views - communist and anarchist - within the Republican cause but the fact that they are women with a common plight helps to overcome these differences. The political nature of these narratives also provides a common theme, which forms a collective testimony in the Republican exile period.

    Este artículo analiza las narraciones autobiográficas de tres mujeres republicanas, pertenecientes a la primera generación del exilio (nacidas entre 1900 y 1910. Se trata de los relatos de Constancia de la Mora, Silvia Mistral y Dolores Martí. Todos ellos tienen en común la circunstancia de haberse escrito en Francia entre 1939 y 1940, aunque para dos de las autoras esta fue la primera etapa del exilio que las llevó definitivamente a México. El análisis de los relatos se enmarca en el contexto sociopolítico en el que vivieron sus autoras en las tres primeras décadas del siglo XX. Aparece en ellos el fruto de una memoria personal e individual, pero insertada en la memoria colectiva de su grupo de referencia, el colectivo exiliado. Las autoras representan tendencias políticas opuestas dentro del bando republicano: el comunismo y el anarquismo, aunque su condición femenina y las circunstancias comunes que atraviesan matizan esas diferencias en sus relatos. El car