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Sample records for marquis yi set-bells

  1. Yi Tan

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Yi Tan. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 38 Issue 5 September 2015 pp 1429-1433. Evaluation on electrical resistivity of silicon materials after electron beam melting · Hafiz Muhammad Noor Ul Huda Khan Asghar Shuang Shi Dachuan Jiang Yi Tan.

  2. YI LING QI

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. YI LING QI. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 40 Issue 7 December 2017 pp 1329-1333. Synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic activity of g-C 3 N 4 hybridized CdS nanoparticles · QING YING LIU YI LING QI YI FAN ZHENG XU CHUN SONG · More Details ...

  3. yi fan zheng

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. YI FAN ZHENG. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 40 Issue 7 December 2017 pp 1329-1333. Synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic activity of g-C 3 N 4 hybridized CdS nanoparticles · QING YING LIU YI LING QI YI FAN ZHENG XU CHUN SONG.

  4. Typhoon Man-Yi

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Typhoon Man-Yi was pummeling the Japanese island of Okinawa with winds between 230 and 295 kilometers per hour (125-160 knots, 144-184 miles per hour) and heavy rain on the morning of July 13, 2007, when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA's Terra satellite captured this image. The immense storm covered hundreds of kilometers with spiraling bands of thunderstorms, though it had lost the distinctive cloud-free eye it exhibited the day before. Typhoons are common in Japan, but powerful typhoons usually strike the island nation later in the year. The Japan Meteorological Agency said that Man-Yi is the fourth typhoon of the 2007 season and may be the most powerful ever observed in the northwest Pacific in July, reported Kyodo News. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center expected the typhoon to strike Kyushu, a southern Japanese island, on July 14, and then curve northeast along the eastern shore of Japan. By the time the storm reaches Tokyo on July 15, it should be degraded to a tropical storm. As of July 13, Typhoon Man-Yi had injured eight and flooded twenty houses in Okinawa, and forced airlines to cancel hundreds of flights, said Kyodo News. The storm was expected to bring heavy rain to Japan's Pacific coast. NASA image created by Jesse Allen, using data provided courtesy of the MODIS Rapid Response team.

  5. Alexandre de Humboldt et le Marquis de Laplace

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    Eberhard Knobloch

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Pierre-Simon Marquis de Laplace joua un rôle éminent dans la vie scientifique d’Alexandre de Humboldt. Humboldt avait fait la connaissance du savant français qui avait vingt ans de plus que lui-même à Paris en 1798. L’article de Eberhard Knobloch examine la relation entre ces deux géants de la science en s’appuyant entre autre pour la première fois sur des documents inédits: les quatre lettres de Laplace à Humboldt, le journal d’Humboldt et sur le matériel d’archives conservé aux Archives de l’Académie des Sciences de Berlin-Brandebourg.

  6. Alexandre de Humboldt et le Marquis de Laplace

    OpenAIRE

    Eberhard Knobloch

    2014-01-01

    Pierre-Simon Marquis de Laplace joua un rôle éminent dans la vie scientifique d’Alexandre de Humboldt. Humboldt avait fait la connaissance du savant français qui avait vingt ans de plus que lui-même à Paris en 1798. Si l’on n’étudie pas seulement leurs œuvres, mais aussi leurs correspondances et le journal américain d’Humboldt, on en conclut qu’il faut réviser l’impression superficielle qui se dégage des publications d’Humboldt. L’estime réciproque entre les deux hommes ne se mit en place que...

  7. The complete Bible of the Marquis of Santillana

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    Andrés Enrique-Arias

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The Bible of the Marquis of Santillana has been partially preserved in two fragments: manuscript BNE MSS/10288, with the Latter Prophets and some Writings, and BNE MSS/9556, with the Gospels and Pauline Epistles. It is assumed that a first volume, now lost, contained the rest of the Bible. By means of detailed textual comparisons and a computational analysis of authorship, we show that the missing parts had been preserved in the codex Escorial I.i.4. Likewise, we offer a reconstruction of the contents of the lost volume along with evidence that the entire Bible was translated from Hebrew and Latin by the Jewish convert to Christianity Martín de Lucena.

  8. Spontaneous abortion and unexpected death: a critical discussion of Marquis on abortion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Mary Clayton

    2013-02-01

    In his classic paper, 'Why abortion is immoral', Don Marquis argues that what makes killing an adult seriously immoral is that it deprives the victim of the valuable future he/she would have otherwise had. Moreover, Marquis contends, because abortion deprives a fetus of the very same thing, aborting a fetus is just as seriously wrong as killing an adult. Marquis' argument has received a great deal of critical attention in the two decades since its publication. Nonetheless, there is a potential challenge to it that seems to have gone unnoticed. A significant percentage of fetuses are lost to spontaneous abortion. Once we bring this fact to our attention, it becomes less clear whether Marquis can use his account of the wrongness of killing to show that abortion is the moral equivalent of murder. In this paper, I explore the relevance of the rate of spontaneous abortion to Marquis' classic anti-abortion argument. I introduce a case I call Unexpected Death in which someone is about to commit murder, but, just as the would-be murderer is about to strike, his would-be victim dies unexpectedly. I then ask: what does Marquis' account of killing imply about the moral status of what the would-be murderer was about to do? I consider four responses Marquis could give to this question, and I examine what implications these responses have for Marquis' strategy of using his account of the wrongness of killing an adult to show that abortion is in the same moral category.

  9. Corrupting Conversations with the Marquis de Sade: On Education, Gender, and Sexuality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greteman, Adam J.

    2016-01-01

    In this essay, the author joins a conversation started by Martin ("Reclaiming the conversation: the ideal of the educated woman." Yale University Press, New Haven, 1985) regarding gender and education seeking to extend the conversation to address sexuality. To do so, the author brings a reading of the Marquis de Sade to challenge the…

  10. Learning from MARQuIS: future direction of quality and safety in hospital care in the European Union

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groene, O.; Klazinga, N.; Walshe, K.; Cucic, C.; Shaw, C. D.; Suñol, R.

    2009-01-01

    This article summarises the significant lessons to be drawn from, and the policy implications of, the findings of the Methods of Assessing Response to Quality Improvement Strategies (MARQuIS) project-a part of the suite of research projects intended to support policy established by the European

  11. Marquis de Condorcet's Contribution to Reflection About the Role of Learning in Individual and Social Life

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    Dušana Findeisen

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available There is relatively little knowledge in Slovenia about Marquis de Condorcet and his contribution to the development of public schooling and adult education. Therefore, the author deals first with some of Condorcet's basic preoccupations Le. the relation between reason, knowledge and freedom of individuals and nations. She then dwells upon some of the facts from Condorcet's life history that might explain his views on education and public instruction contained in his Plan on Public Instruction, a foundation for all French republican schools following 1880. She also takes care of linking Condorcet's thoughts with ideas of some contemporary French and Slovene authors involved in questions like regulation of interpersonal relationships in society, child and adult learning competencies, balance between humanities and vocational training, equal rights and opportunities in education for women, permanent education, knowledge for democracy, integration of religious education in public school curricula etc.

  12. The Impact and Role of the Yi Civil Corps on Ethnic Work in Liangshan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Linying

    2013-01-01

    The formation and growth of Yi Civil Corps of the CPLA ( Chinese People ’ s Lib-eration Army ) Chengdu military region began and developed with the establishment of the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture .From the beginning to the end of its 34 year mission of military develop-ment the Yi Civil Corps made an irreplaceable con-tribution to the liberation of the people and the e-conomic development in Liangshan .However , due to various reasons , this unique historical episode which linked the military and civil people only re-mains in folk memory and was recorded only in some unpublished internal materials .So, the ma-jority of the public does not know about it .Based upon references taken from publications by Liang Wenying , Mao Junru , Li Shian and the Chinese Academy of Sciences , this article , for the first time, discusses the special military history of the CPLA by taking Yi Civil Corps as an example . After the CPLA liberated Liangshan in March , 1950 , in order to maintain local social or-der, speed up production and construction , and cultivate ethnic cadres , Liao Zhigao , the Party secretary of Sichuan province of the time , together with the Party Committee in Tibetan and Yi re-gions, established the Yi and Tibetan Civil Corps of the CPLA in November 1952.They did this by taking into account the reality and characteristics of ethnic works in the Tibetan and Yi regions , and af-ter reporting to the central military commission for approval .The establishment of Yi Civil Corps adds a new historical page for the glorious history of the Yi people .Just like the establishment of all levels of governments of the Yi people , it marks a new beginning in the lives of the Yi people .It declared a revival for the Yi people who had experienced great vicissitudes , the separation of their family clans, constant internal warfare , and who were generally in a poor and backward situation .The establishment of the Yi Civil Corps not only em-bodied the Chinese Communist

  13. 曾侯乙钟磬与中原钟磬之比较%Comparison of the Zeng State Marquis Yi Bells and Stone Chines with Their Counterparts in the Central Plains

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵世纲

    2002-01-01

    Among the 125 pieces of musical instruments from Zenghouyi Tomb, bronzechimes and chime stones occupy four fifth, while more than one thousand pieces of bronzechimes and chime stones have been found in the Central Plains. This paper, based onthe analysis of composition, designs and temperament of bronze chimes and chime stones,proposes that the bronze chimes and chime stones from Zenghouyi Tomb originated fromthe Central Plains and thus belonged to the musical tradition of the Central Plains.

  14. Genetic polymorphisms of pharmacogenomic VIP variants in the Yi population from China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Mengdan; Li, Dianzhen; Zhao, Guige; Li, Jing; Niu, Fanglin; Li, Bin; Chen, Peng; Jin, Tianbo

    2018-03-30

    Drug response and target therapeutic dosage are different among individuals. The variability is largely genetically determined. With the development of pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics, widespread research have provided us a wealth of information on drug-related genetic polymorphisms, and the very important pharmacogenetic (VIP) variants have been identified for the major populations around the world whereas less is known regarding minorities in China, including the Yi ethnic group. Our research aims to screen the potential genetic variants in Yi population on pharmacogenomics and provide a theoretical basis for future medication guidance. In the present study, 80 VIP variants (selected from the PharmGKB database) were genotyped in 100 unrelated and healthy Yi adults recruited for our research. Through statistical analysis, we made a comparison between the Yi and other 11 populations listed in the HapMap database for significant SNPs detection. Two specific SNPs were subsequently enrolled in an observation on global allele distribution with the frequencies downloaded from ALlele FREquency Database. Moreover, F-statistics (Fst), genetic structure and phylogenetic tree analyses were conducted for determination of genetic similarity between the 12 ethnic groups. Using the χ2 tests, rs1128503 (ABCB1), rs7294 (VKORC1), rs9934438 (VKORC1), rs1540339 (VDR) and rs689466 (PTGS2) were identified as the significantly different loci for further analysis. The global allele distribution revealed that the allele "A" of rs1540339 and rs9934438 were more frequent in Yi people, which was consistent with the most populations in East Asia. F-statistics (Fst), genetic structure and phylogenetic tree analyses demonstrated that the Yi and CHD shared a closest relationship on their genetic backgrounds. Additionally, Yi was considered similar to the Han people from Shaanxi province among the domestic ethnic populations in China. Our results demonstrated significant differences on

  15. The Chinese Herb Yi-Qi-Huo-Xue Protects Cardiomyocyte Function in Diabetic Cardiomyopathy

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    Xiangsheng Wang

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims. To study the effect of the Chinese herb Yi-qi-huo-xue on cardiomyopathy in diabetic rats. Methods. Rats were fed a high fat and high glucose diet and injected with 50 ml/kg streptozotocin (STZ to induce diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM, followed by treatment with Yi-qi-huo-xue for 4 weeks. We measured the rats’ heart weight index, observed the myocardial morphology using hematoxylin eosin (HE staining, and determined the content of collagen types I and III in the myocardium using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA. We determined Bcl-2, Bax, and P53 protein expression by Western blot analysis and the cardiomyocyte apoptosis rate via a flow cytometry assay. Results. Compared with the rats in the control group, the diabetic rats gained weight and had increased blood sugar levels, an enhanced heart weight index, and increased myocardial pathophysiological damage. There was a decrease in their Bcl-2 expression, and their Bax and P53 expression increased. The Bcl-2/Bax ratio was enhanced, and there was an increase in the content of collagen types I and III in the myocardium. After treatment with Yi-qi-huo-xue, all levels listed above returned to normal. Conclusion. The Chinese herb Yi-qi-huo-xue degraded the myocardial interstitial collagen types I and III to protect the myocardium of the diabetic rats, thus delaying the role of myocardial fibrosis. Yi-qi-huo-xue could play an important role in protecting the myocardium of DCM rats by enhancing the expression of the Bcl-2 protein, inhibiting the expression of the Bax and P53 proteins, increasing the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax, and inhibiting the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes.

  16. Anti-virus effect of traditional Chinese medicine Yi-Fu-Qing granule on acute respiratory tract infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Anyuan; Xie, Yanying; Qi, Fanghua; Li, Jie; Wang, Peng; Xu, Shulan; Zhao, Lin

    2009-08-01

    Yi-Fu-Qing granule is a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of acute respiratory tract infections. The present study sought to investigate the anti-virus effects of Yi-Fu-Qing granule on acute respiratory infections with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and human adenoviruses type 3 (Ad3). The cytotoxicity of Yi-Fu-Qing granule was evaluated by the neutral red assay on HeLa cells. The antiviral effect of Yi-Fu-Qing granule was tested by observing the cytopathogenic effect (CPE) with a compound mixture of Isatis leaf as the positive control drug. The results indicated that the highest non-toxicity concentration of Yi-Fu-Qing granule on Hela cells was 1:100. The CPE reduction assay showed that Yi-Fu-Qing granule inhibited RSV and Ad3 replication at a concentration of 1:100. Thus, Yi-Fu-Qing granule may have a significant antivirus effect on acute respiratory tract infections with RSV and Ad3 infections and this could prove useful for further antivirus research on acute respiratory tract infections.

  17. Yi-gan san restores behavioral alterations and a decrease of brain glutathione level in a mouse model of schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makinodan, Manabu; Yamauchi, Takahira; Tatsumi, Kouko; Okuda, Hiroaki; Noriyama, Yoshinobu; Sadamatsu, Miyuki; Kishimoto, Toshifumi; Wanaka, Akio

    2009-01-01

    The traditional Chinese herbal medicine yi-gan san has been used to cure neuropsychological disorders. Schizophrenia can be one of the target diseases of yi-gan san. We aimed at evaluating the possible use of yi-gan san in improving the schizophrenic symptoms of an animal model. Yi-gan san or distilled water was administered to mice born from pregnant mice injected with polyinosinic-polycytidilic acid or phosphate buffered saline. The former is a model of schizophrenia based on the epidemiological data that maternal infection leads to psychotic disorders including schizophrenia in the offspring. Prepulse inhibition and sensitivity to methamphetamine in open field tests were analyzed and the total glutathione content of whole brains was measured. Yi-gan san reversed the decrease in prepulse inhibition, hypersensitivity to methamphetamine and cognitive deficits found in the model mice to the level of control mice. Total glutathione content in whole brains was reduced in the model mice but was restored to normal levels by yi-gan san treatment. These results suggest that yi-gan san may have ameliorating effects on the pathological symptoms of schizophrenia.

  18. Yi-Gan San Restores Behavioral Alterations and a Decrease of Brain Glutathione Level in a Mouse Model of Schizophrenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manabu Makinodan M.D.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The traditional Chinese herbal medicine yi-gan san has been used to cure neuropsychological disorders. Schizophrenia can be one of the target diseases of yi-gan san. We aimed at evaluating the possible use of yi-gan san in improving the schizophrenic symptoms of an animal model. Yi-gan san or distilled water was administered to mice born from pregnant mice injected with polyinosinic-polycytidilic acid or phosphate buffered saline. The former is a model of schizophrenia based on the epidemiological data that maternal infection leads to psychotic disorders including schizophrenia in the offspring. Prepulse inhibition and sensitivity to methamphetamine in open field tests were analyzed and the total glutathione content of whole brains was measured. Yi-gan san reversed the decrease in prepulse inhibition, hypersensitivity to methamphetamine and cognitive deficits found in the model mice to the level of control mice. Total glutathione content in whole brains was reduced in the model mice but was restored to normal levels by yi-gan san treatment. These results suggest that yi-gan san may have ameliorating effects on the pathological symptoms of schizophrenia.

  19. Prevalence of overweight and obesity among Chinese Yi nationality: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gao Yun

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Overweight and obesity are considered a serious health problem. There are little data on the prevalence of overweight and obesity among the Yi ethnic group in China. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiologic features of overweight/obesity among Chinese Yi nationality. Methods A cross-sectional study, including 1255 subjects aged 20-75 years, was carried out in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan province from 2007 to 2008. Overweight/overall obesity was defined by World Health Organization (WHO or the Working Group on Obesity in China. Results Overall, the prevalence of overweight and obesity was 19.0% and 2.9%, respectively, based on the WHO definition, while it was 21.0% and 7.4%, respectively, according to the Working Group on Obesity in China, which is similar to data reported in the 2002 Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey. Urban residents had a significantly higher prevalence of obesity (WHO criteria: 4.3% vs 1.7% p = 0.008; China criteria: 11.4% vs 3.7%, p p p Conclusions The prevalence of overweight/obesity in the Yi nationality is similar to that in Chinese adults 5 years ago. However, urban residents have a much higher prevalence of overweight/obesity than their rural counterparts. Lifestyle and diet patterns associated with socioeconomic status may explain the difference between urban and rural residents. The prevention of overweight/obesity among urban inhabitants deserves more attention in national health education programs.

  20. Of Canons and Commodities: The Cultural Predicaments of Nuosu-Yi “Bimo Culture”

    OpenAIRE

    Olivia Kraef

    2014-01-01

    "The Nuosu are a subgroup of the so-called Yi ethnic group. Today around two million Nuosu live in Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province and translocal urban contexts, such as Chengdu and Beijing. For many centuries, the Nuosu have cultivated a belief system composed of a combination of animism and ancestor worship. Since the resurrection of religious activity across China that began in the early 1980s, this faith - represented by the three types of religious practitioners known...

  1. [A review for a traditional Chinese medical journal Shou Shi Yi Bao].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Mei-Hua; Sun, Wen-Zhong

    2009-06-01

    Shou Shi Yi Bao was a journal of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) during the period from 1935 to 1937, and was originated by Chen Huan-yun, a TCM physician in Suzhou. It is mainly to transmit the knowledge of TCM and to promote the epidemic prevention capacity of local public. The editorial characteristics and historical value of the journal were explored in initial background, staff writers, editorial policies, contents and the Editor Chen's medical ideas. Shou Shi Yi Bao was supported by many famous TCM physicians, although the journal was originated from the civil society. It was an academic TCM journal with perfect practicability for orientating to the public and highlighting the academic spirit. Chen Huan-yun was a resolute defender of TCM, and had many opinions on clinical practice and lots of scientific suggestions on TCM development. Shou Shi Yi Bao reflected the main characteristics of TCM journals in 1930s. The journal was one of the important documents to study the TCM history during the period of the Republic of China in Jiangsu Province, and it also set a stage for the struggle between TCM and Western medicine at that time. The documentary information of the journal has literature and history values in reflecting the historical process of TCM self-improvement. The success of the journal was due to not only the broken-up sectarian bias and cooperation of the TCM practitioners but also the preponderant geographic and cultural circumstances of Suzhou as well as Chen Huan-yun's profound knowledge in traditional Chinese culture and medicine.

  2. [A population survey of the Yi nationality in Meigu County, Sichuan Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, D; Zhang, G

    1984-01-29

    In 1980, 95.35% of the 129,819 inhabitants of Meigu County in Faxin District of the Jinshan Yi autonomous district, Sichuan Province, were of Yi nationality. Agriculture is the primary mode of production and animal husbandry is an important secondary industry. Prior to Liberation, slavery was an integral part of Yi society. The standard of living was low, mortality high, and population growth slow. After Liberation from 1956-1980, the population grew 47.1%, 90% of which was a natural increase. The primary reason for the growth was a post-1960s annual average birth rate of 46/1000 and a mortality rate that fell from 35/1000 before Liberation to 13.3/1000 in 1976. The age structure also became younger. The average age in 1964 was 24 years, with a median age of 21.8 years, as compared to a 1980 average age of 23.8 years and a median age of 17 years. 47.2% of the population were aged from birth to 14 years; 2.9% were over 65 years. At the same time, 28% of the female population were of childbearing age. By 2000 Meigu County's population will reach 259,000. Although the primary reasons for the relatively rapid population increase are due to the destruction of the slave system and a higher standard of living, factors peculiar to Yi society are also significant: 1) the destruction of the slave system permitted the population to grow without the restraints of strict codes of class stratification; 2) the high value placed on having many offsprings, and of favoring male children still prevails; 3) the attitude of early marriage and the custom of widows marrying a relative of her deceased husband still prevail; 4) and infant mortality and the mortality rate of fertile women have declined. Elements which influence the population development of Meigu County include economic factors such as the need to support the old and the young, or the inability to produce enough food to keep up with the needs of an expanding population.

  3. Essay: The Yi and the Internet: Promoting Ethnicity and Ethnic Identity in Chinese Virtuality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kraef, Olivia

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Since the turn of the century China has witnessed an unparalleled development of internet sites, blogs, chat forums, and corresponding virtual communities. These virtual platforms have become important nodes for information and networking, especially in light of economic and intellectual migration and the corresponding trans-local quality of relationships and networks, and contribute to a further diversification of China’s cultural landscape. China’s ethnic minorities, too, have been employing internet platforms as a means to promote, and to reflect on, their own culture. For some groups these platforms signify an extension of early, non-virtual ethnic networks and platforms in urban contexts, which provide a renewed incentive for the affirmation of ethnicity/ethnic identity by engaging netizens in an ongoing dialogue on ethnic cultural contents, which transcends physical space. The article introduces two major internet platforms of the so-called Yi minority, www.yizuren.com and http://yizucn.com, and probes into their potential for ethnic identity promotion, and into general parameters of the relationship between the Yi and the internet.

  4. Dying Hunters, Poison Plants, and Mute Slaves-Nature and Tradition in Contemporary Nuosu Yi Poetry

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    Mark Bender

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Themes of nature and traditional culture are common in the works of ethnic poets from a subgroup of the large Yi 彝 ethnic group of southwest China known as the Nuosu 诺苏. Nuosu culture is synonymous with the Liangshan 凉山 Mountains of southern Sichuan 四川 Province. Since the 1980s several dozen Nuosu poets have emerged to form what can be called the 'Liangshan School' of contemporary Chinese poetry. Drawing on theory from Ethnopoetics, Ecoliterature, and Folkloristics the paper introduces major themes in the works of these Nuosu poets and introduces poems by three poets who distinctly utilize nature imagery from a common pool of Yi cultural traditions. These traditions include oral literature, ritual, folk costume, and traditional ideas about social hierarchy and gender relations. Much of the nature imagery is related to folk knowledge of native animals and plants. A major theme in the poetry is the response to changes in tradition and the local environment brought about by rapid growth and development in China.

  5. Alteration of radiation-induced hematotoxicity by Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang in mouse

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jang, Jong Sik; Kim, Sung Ho

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study reported here was to investigate the ability of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang (BZYQT), known to elevate hematopoietic functions, to protect mice undergoing treatment with whole body single gamma-irradiation. BZYQT was given (25 mg/kg B.W.) intraperitoneally at 36 and 12 hours before irradiation and 30 minute and 24 hours after irradiation. Recovery of neutrophil and lymphocyte counts was significantly stimulated by extract of BZYQT. Stimulated recovery by the extract from the BZYQT was also observed in thrombocytes. However, the anti-radiation effect of erythrocyte, hemoglobin and hematocrit was not as significant as that of leukocyte. Further studies are needed to better characterize the protective nature of BZYQT extract and its ingredients

  6. Alteration of radiation-induced hematotoxicity by Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang in mouse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jang, Jong Sik [Kyungpook National University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sung Ho [Chonnam National University, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-09-15

    The purpose of this study reported here was to investigate the ability of Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang (BZYQT), known to elevate hematopoietic functions, to protect mice undergoing treatment with whole body single gamma-irradiation. BZYQT was given (25 mg/kg B.W.) intraperitoneally at 36 and 12 hours before irradiation and 30 minute and 24 hours after irradiation. Recovery of neutrophil and lymphocyte counts was significantly stimulated by extract of BZYQT. Stimulated recovery by the extract from the BZYQT was also observed in thrombocytes. However, the anti-radiation effect of erythrocyte, hemoglobin and hematocrit was not as significant as that of leukocyte. Further studies are needed to better characterize the protective nature of BZYQT extract and its ingredients.

  7. A remarkable new species of Nemoura (Plecoptera: Nemouridae) from Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Yu-Han; Xiao, Qian; Chen, Zhi-Teng; Du, Yu-Zhou

    2018-01-24

    A new species of the genus Nemoura, N. latilongispina sp. nov. from Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province, southwestern China is described and illustrated. The new species is characterized by ventral sclerite of epiproct extended laterally, forming upcurved plates fringed with long spines along upper margin, and by the strongly sclerotized, fork-shaped cercus.

  8. Effects of Capsule Yi -Zhi on learning and memory disorder and beta-amyloid peptide induced neurotoxicity in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUJiang-Ping; WUHang-Yu; LILin

    2004-01-01

    AIM To investigate the effects of Capsule Yi-Zhi (CYZ) on learning and memory disorder and beta-amyloid protein induced neurotoxieity in rats. Methods Various doses of CYZ were administered to Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats for 8 days, twice a day. Then scopolamine hydrobromide (Sco) intraperitoneal injection was performed on each rat and the

  9. The investigation of anti-inflammatory activity of Yi Guanjian decoction by serum metabonomics approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shui, Sufang; Cai, Xiaorong; Huang, Rongqing; Xiao, Bingkun; Yang, Jianyun

    2017-01-30

    Yi Guanjian (YGJ), one of the Chinese herbal medicines most commonly used in western countries, reported to possess significant anti-inflammatary effects that inhibit the process of inflammation. However, the mechanisms underlying its anti-inflammation effects remain largely unresolved. This study was aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of YGJ and to explore its potential anti-inflammatory mechanisms by serum metabonomics approach. An xylene-induced mouse right-ear-edema model was used as an inflammatory response in vivo model. Ear edema, prostaglandin E2 (PGE 2 ) and Tumor-Necrosis-Factor-alpha (TNF-α) were detected. Then, serum metabolic profiling was analyzed and pathway analysis performed on the biomarkers reversed after YGJ administration and further integration of metabolic networks. The results showed that YGJ alleviated ear edema and decreased serum PGE 2 and TNF-α levels. Fourteen biomarkers were screened, and the levels were all reversed to different degrees after YGJ administration. These biomarkers were mainly related to linoleic acid metabolism, taurine and hypotaurine metabolism, glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism and citrate cycle (TCA cycle). In metabolic networks, glycine and pyruvate were node molecules. This indicated that YGJ could significantly inhibit inflammatory response triggered by acute local stimulation and exerted anti-inflammatory activity mainly by regulating node molecules. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. [The innovation of warm disease theory in the Ming Dynasty before Wen yi lun On Pestilence].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhi-bin

    2008-10-01

    Some doctors of the Ming dynasty raised subversive doubts against the traditional viewpoints of "exogenous cold disease is warm-heat" before the emergence of Wen yi lun (On Pestilence), holding that warm-heat disease "is contracted in different seasons instead of being transformed from cold to warm and/or heat". The conception of the separation of warm-heat disease and exogenous cold disease had changed from obscure to clear. As the idea became clear, the recognition on the new affection of warm, heat, summer-heat, pestilent pathogen was formed, and the idea that the pathogens of summer-heat and warm entered the human body through the mouth and nostrils was put forward. The six-channel syndrome differentiation of warm disease and the five sweat-resolving methods in pestilence raised by the doctors of this period are the aspects of the differential diagnosis of syndrome and treatment in warm diseases, and deserve to be paid attention to.

  11. Effects of Compound Yi-Zhi on D-galactose-induced learning and memory deficits in mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XUJiang-Ping; WUHang-Yu; LILin

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To explore the effects of Compound Yi-Zhi (YZC) on learning and memory capacity and free radical metabolism in D-galactose induced mice dementia model. METHODS: The mice dementia model was induced by a daily D-galactose 0.15g/kg sc for 45 days and after 5 days'D-galactose injection, the mice were treated with three doses of YZC

  12. [Ose, Ieva. Livonijas pilu attēli no marķīza Pauluči albuma - Abbildungen der livländischen Burgen im Album des Marquis Paulucci] / Ivar Leimus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leimus, Ivar, 1953-

    2011-01-01

    Arvustus: Livonijas pilu attēli no marķīza Pauluči albuma = Abbildungen der livländischen Burgen im Album des Marquis Paulucci. LU Latvijas vēstures institūts; Latvijas Akadēmiska biblioteka. (Rīga, 2008.) Kuramaa, Liivimaa ja Eestimaa pildialbumitest, mis tõenäoliselt on valminud aastatel 1827-1830, mis on nüüd välja antud ühiste kaante vahel. Tekst tõlgitud saksa keelde

  13. [Single nucleotide polymorphisms of HIV coreceptor CCR5 gene in Chinese Yi ethnic group and its association with HIV infection].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Li-ying; Hong, Kun-xue; Lu, Xiao-zhi; Qin, Guang-ming; Chen, Jian-ping; Chen, Kang-lin; Ruan, Yu-hua; Xing, Hui; Zhu, Jia-hong; Shao, Yi-ming

    2005-11-30

    To investigate the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of HIV-1 coreceptor CCR5 gene in Chinese Yi ethnic group and the association between these SNPs and HIV/AIDS. Peripheral blood samples of 102 HIV negative persons of Chinese Yi nationality, 87 males amd 15 females, aged 23 (12-37), and 68 HIV carriers, 61 males and 7 females, aged 27 (17-51). The regulatory and structural regions of the HIV coreceptor CCR5 gene were amplified from the genomic DNA by nested PCR, each of the two regions was divided into three gene fragments which were overlapped. High throughput DHPLC was used for screening of unknown mutations in each gene fragment. The PCR products showing different peak traces from wild types in DHPLC were sequenced by forward and reverse primers respectively. The sequences were analyzed with the help of Sequence Navigator software to search for SNP loci. Statistical analysis by SPSS and PPAP softwares were made to study the association between these SNPs and HIV infection. Five SNPs (A77G, G316A, T532C, C921T, and G668A) and a AGA deletion of the 686-688 nucleotides were discovered in the coding region of this gene in Chinese Yi ethnic group. C921T mutation was a nonsense mutation, and the other SNPs (A77G, G316A, T532C, and G668A) are sense mutation, with the amino acid changes of K26R, G106R, C178R, and R223Q. Only the frequency of R223Q allelic gene was high (0.08) but those of the others were low (less than 0.01). There was no significant difference in the allele frequency between the HIV negative and HIV positive groups (all P > 0.05). Five SNP loci (T58934G, G59029A, T59353C, G59402A, and C59653T) were found in the regulatory region of CCR5 gene with high allelic frequencies of 0.1912-0.2941. Between the HIV negative and HIV positive groups, there were no differences in the SNP loc (all P > 0.05). Statistical analysis of the association between the linkage of mutation loci with HIV infection suggested a significant difference in the haplotype frequency

  14. YI Kwang Su's Love and history records of modern hospital under the japanese colonial period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Byoung Hoon

    2016-12-01

    This article aims to evaluate and analyze the description of the modern hospital as history record, which appeared in YI Kwang Su's novel Love. This novel has mentioned in detail western style clinic, Bukgando Catholic hospital, tuberculosis sanitarium as its main space. Modern hospitals are depicted in the novel has a great significance in historical aspect as well as in literary aspect. The most data on modern hospital is laws, statistics and newspaper archives. These materials are a great help to understand the history and status of the modern hospital. Literary description here is important materials, that specific to reconstruct the appearance of the modern hospital at that time. Literary representations infuse life into the history record. In this regard, Love has special meaning in the history of Korean modern literature. Before anything else, doctor AN Bin's clinic as a first space of the novel vividly shows the reality of the Western style clinic and a general practitioner under the colonial period. The establishment of the hospital was based on 「Rules on private hospital」 declared by the Japanese Government General of Korea in 1919. According to this Rules, a private clinic's founder had to submit the documents to the director of police affairs, in which all the details were written. It included name of hospital, site location and size, floor plan of a nearby building, each size of patient's rooms, number of steps and emergency exit, bath, toilet, disinfecting room. AN Bin's clinic was a private hospital with the requirements in the rules. The descriptions of this clinic re-created real situation of private hospitals, specifically scale of hospital, interior space, conditions of patient's room at the time. The second modern hospital in the novel is Bukgando Catholic hospital. There is a lot more materials on medical activity and hospital of protestant churches than we thought. But we do not have a lot of information on catholic church's medical

  15. Partial AZFc duplications not deletions are associated with male infertility in the Yi population of Yunnan Province, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Jun-jie; Ma, Li; Yang, Li-juan; Wang, Jin-huan; Wang, Yue-li; Guo, Hai; Gong, Ning; Nie, Wen-hui; Zhao, Shu-hua

    2013-09-01

    There are many reports on associations between spermatogenesis and partial azoospermia factor c (AZFc) deletions as well as duplications; however, results are conflicting, possibly due to differences in methodology and ethnic background. The purpose of this study is to investigate the association of AZFc polymorphisms and male infertility in the Yi ethnic population, residents within Yunnan Province, China. A total of 224 infertile patients and 153 fertile subjects were selected in the Yi ethnic population. The study was performed by sequence-tagged site plus/minus (STS+/-) analysis followed by gene dosage and gene copy definition analysis. Y haplotypes of 215 cases and 115 controls were defined by 12 binary markers using single nucleotide polymorphism on Y chromosome (Y-SNP) multiplex assays based on single base primer extension technology. The distribution of Y haplotypes was not significantly different between the case and control groups. The frequencies of both gr/gr (7.6% vs. 8.5%) and b2/b3 (6.3% vs. 8.5%) deletions do not show significant differences. Similarly, single nucleotide variant (SNV) analysis shows no significant difference of gene copy definition between the cases and controls. However, the frequency of partial duplications in the infertile group (4.0%) is significantly higher than that in the control group (0.7%). Further, we found a case with sY1206 deletion which had two CDY1 copies but removed half of DAZ genes. Our results show that male infertility is associated with partial AZFc duplications, but neither gr/gr nor b2/b3 deletions, suggesting that partial AZFc duplications rather than deletions are risk factors for male infertility in Chinese-Yi population.

  16. Effect of the 3'APOB-VNTR polymorphism on the lipid profiles in the Guangxi Hei Yi Zhuang and Han populations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruixing, Yin; Guangqin, Chen; Yong, Wang; Weixiong, Lin; Dezhai, Yang; Shangling, Pan

    2007-01-01

    Background Apolipoprotein (Apo) B is the major component of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and chylomicrons. Many genetic polymorphisms of the Apo B have been described, associated with variation of lipid levels. However, very few studies have evaluated the effect of the variable number of tandem repeats region 3' of the Apo B gene (3'APOB-VNTR) polymorphism on the lipid profiles in the special minority subgroups in China. Thus, the present study was undertaken to study the effect of the 3'APOB-VNTR polymorphism on the serum lipid levels in the Guangxi Hei Yi Zhuang and Han populations. Methods A total of 548 people of Hei Yi Zhuang were surveyed by a stratified randomized cluster sampling. The epidemiological survey was performed using internationally standardized methods. Serum lipid and apolipoprotein levels were measured. The 3'APOB-VNTR alleles were determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by electrophoresis in polyacrylamide gels, and classified according to the number of repeats of a 15-bp hypervariable elements (HVE). The sequence of the most common allele was determined using the PCR and direct sequencing. The possible association between alleles of the 3'APOB-VNTR and lipid variables was examined. The results were compared with those in 496 people of Han who also live in that district. Results Nineteen alleles ranging from 24 to 64 repeats were detected in both Hei Yi Zhuang and Han. HVE56 and HVE58 were not be detected in Hei Yi Zhuang whereas HVE48 and HVE62 were totally absent in Han. The frequencies of HVE26, HVE30, HVE46, heterozygote, and short alleles (VNTR-LS (carrier of one long and one short alleles) than in VNTR-LL (the individual carrying two long alleles) genotypes. The levels of TC, triglycerides (TG), LDL cholesterol, and Apo B in Hei Yi Zhuang were higher in both HVE34 and HVE36 alleles than in HVE32 allele. The levels of TC, TG, HDL-C and Apo B in Hei Yi Zhuang were also higher in

  17. Micro tectonic milonitas analysis in the extreme south of the Sarandi del Yi shear zone: Kinematics and deformation conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oyhantçabal, P; Suarez, I; Seluchi, N; Martinez, X.

    2010-01-01

    The Shear Zone divides Sarandi del Yi Craton River Plate in Piedra Alta and Nico Perez land . The southern end of this zone extends to north - south from the vicinity of the town of Minas to Punta Solis. The predominant lithology of the study area consists of a granitic mylonite with abundant muscovite and biotite. Structural data of foliation , stretching lineation and kinematic indicators were surveyed .Petrographic analysis shows that quartz is presented as ribbons polycrystalline product subgrain rotation recrystallization and grain boundary migration . Feldspar porphyroclasts are partially recrystallized in developing type structures c ore and mantle . Kinematic indicators such as sigma porphyroclasts , mica fish and oblique foliation defined consistently sinistral sense . The presence of stable and mirmequitas in the plane of biotite foliation along the microstructures described in quartz and feldspar , can be inferred temperature conditions between 450 ° C and 550° C during deformation

  18. Two-setting Bell inequalities for graph states

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toth, Geza; Guehne, Otfried; Briegel, Hans J.

    2006-01-01

    We present Bell inequalities for graph states with a high violation of local realism. In particular, we show that there is a basic Bell inequality for every nontrivial graph state which is violated by the state at least by a factor of 2. This inequality needs the measurement of, at most, two operators for each qubit and involves only some of the qubits. We also show that for some families of graph states composite Bell inequalities can be constructed such that the violation of local realism increases exponentially with the number of qubits. We prove that some of our inequalities are facets of the convex polytope containing the many-body correlations consistent with local hidden variable models. Our Bell inequalities are built from stabilizing operators of graph states

  19. Multipartite bound entanglement and three-setting Bell inequalities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kaszlikowski, Dagomir; Chen Jingling; Oh, C.H.; Kwek, L.C.

    2002-01-01

    It was shown by Dur [Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 230402 (2001)] that N (N≥4) qubits described by a certain one-parameter family F of bound entangled states violate the Mermin-Klyshko inequality for N≥8. In this paper we prove that the states from the family F violate Bell inequalities derived by Zukowski and Kaszlikowski [Phys. Rev. A 56, R1682 (1997)], in which each observer measures three noncommuting sets of orthogonal projectors, for N≥7. We also derive a simple one-parameter family of entanglement witnesses that detect entanglement for all the states belonging to F. It is possible that these entanglement witnesses could be generated by some Bell inequalities

  20. [A Study on the quotations in the Wu xing da yi (The Gist of Five Phases) cited from Nei jing (Inner Canon)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zheng-Shan; Zhang, Qi-Cheng

    2013-07-01

    In the Wu xing da yi (The Gist of Five Phases), written by Xiao Ji of the Sui Dynasty, there were 9 quotations cited from Huang di nei jing (Inner Canon of Huangdi). By comparison with current version of Huang di nei jing, most of the descriptions are similar, yet still with some differences, such as yin-yang nature of the five zang visceras, the liver being the root of "pi ji", the spleen being the root of "cang lin" etc. Wu xing da yi epitomizes the books about yin-yang and five phases before the Sui Dynasty, while Xiao Ji's quotations from Huang di nei jing interpreted from the views of yin-yang and five phases, are different from the annotations of later ages.

  1. Variations in Volatile Oil Yield and Composition of "Xin-yi" (Magnolia biondii Pamp. Flower Buds) at Different Growth Stages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Mingli; Bai, Mei; Ye, Wei; Wang, Yaling; Wu, Hong

    2018-06-01

    Dried flower buds of Magnolia biondii Pamp. are the main ingredient in "Xin-yi" in China, and the volatile oils of M. biondii flower buds are the principal medicinal component. Gas chromatographymass spectrometry (GC-MS) and microscopic techniques were employed to detect the volatile yields of M. biondii flowers at various growth stages. The volatile oil yields of M. biondii flowers differed significantly at different growth stages and were closely related to flower dry weight, oil cell density and degree of oil accumulation. In February 2016, flower buds had the highest dry weight, the maximum percentage of oil cells at the oil saturation stage and the highest density of oil cells, which coincided with the highest oil yield. In March 2016, flower buds had a lower dry weight, a higher percentage of oil cells at the oil-degrading stage and the lowest oil cell density, resulting in decreased oil yields. The total amounts of the major medicinal components in the M. biondii flower also showed regular changes at different growth stages. In January and February of 2016, M. biondii flowers had a higher dry weight, volatile oil yield and total content of medicinal ingredients, which was the best time for harvesting high-quality medicinal components. Our study reveals that volatile oil content and chemical composition are closely related to the growth stage of M. biondii flower buds. The results provide a scientific morphology and composition index for evaluating the medicinal value and harvesting of high-quality M. biondii medicinal herbs.

  2. QiShenYiQi Pills, a Compound Chinese Medicine, Prevented Cisplatin Induced Acute Kidney Injury via Regulating Mitochondrial Function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Zhou

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Nephrotoxicity is a serious adverse effect of cisplatin chemotherapy that limits its clinical application, to deal with which no effective management is available so far. The present study was to investigate the potential protective effect of QiShenYiQi Pills (QSYQ, a compound Chinese medicine, against cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in mice. Pretreatment with QSYQ significantly attenuated the cisplatin induced increase in plasma urea and creatinine, along with the histological damage, such as tubular necrosis, protein cast, and desquamation of epithelial cells, improved the renal microcirculation disturbance as indicated by renal blood flow, microvascular flow velocity, and the number of adherent leukocytes. Additionally, QSYQ prevented mitochondrial dysfunction by preventing the cisplatin induced downregulation of mitochondrial complex activity and the expression of NDUFA10, ATP5D, and Sirt3. Meanwhile, the cisplatin-increased renal thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, caspase9, cleaved-caspase9, and cleaved-caspase3 were all diminished by QSYQ pretreatment. In summary, the pretreatment with QSYQ remarkably ameliorated the cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in mice, possibly via the regulation of mitochondrial function, oxidative stress, and apoptosis.

  3. İbrahim Süreyya Bey (Yiğit ’in Hayatı ve Parlamenter Faaliyetleri İbrahim Süreyya Bey (Yiğit’s Life And Parliamentary Activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicdan ÖZTÜRK

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article, life and parliamentary activities of İbrahim Süreyya Yiğit who first saw the light of day in the last period of Ottoman Empire and who witnessed decline of the Empire and struggled to save it were addressed. Having graduated from Faculty of Political Sciences, İbrahim Süreyya entered upon his career in duty position. He lived out nearly best part of his life with risky adventures. During his biennial officialism process, his relationship with the Party of Union and Progress caused him to stay in Sinop prison in repressive days of the period of II. Abdülhamit. In subsequent years after his three year imprisonment, Party of Union and Progress came into power; therefore he continued his mission with administrative duties. While İbrahim Süreyya was a provincial district governor in one of Rumelian lands, Turco- Italian War broke out; therefore he resigned from his administrative duty without any hesitation and crusaded as a volunteer. In this war, he entered into Mustafa Kemal’s service and their friendship which would last for long years began. When İbrahim Süreyya was governor of Gallipoli during First World War years, their paths with Mustafa Kemal crossed again. İbrahim Süreyya experienced trashing of war actually and he was one of the people who commenced struggle in Anatolia by taking chances with his intimate friend Mustafa Kemal during catasrtophic days in which enemies were trying to split the country. İbrahim Süreyya who took sides with Mustafa Kemal even after War of Independence and who was one of the individuals having established a state from wrecks of the war, served in the government throughout his life lasting till 1950s. Bu makalede Osmanlı Devletinin son döneminde hayata gözlerini açan ve imparatorluğun çöküşüne şahitlik ederek, onu kurtarma mücadelesi veren İbrahim Süreyya Bey (Yiğit’in hayatı ve parlamenter faaliyetleri ele alınmaktadır. Mekteb-i Mülkiye’yi bitirdikten

  4. YI Kwang Su’s Love and history records of modern hospital under the japanese colonial period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Byoung Hoon LEE

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to evaluate and analyze the description of the modern hospital as history record, which appeared in YI Kwang Su’s novel Love. This novel has mentioned in detail western style clinic, Bukgando Catholic hospital, tuberculosis sanitarium as its main space. Modern hospitals are depicted in the novel has a great significance in historical aspect as well as in literary aspect. The most data on modern hospital is laws, statistics and newspaper archives. These materials are a great help to understand the history and status of the modern hospital. Literary description here is important materials, that specific to reconstruct the appearance of the modern hospital at that time. Literary representations infuse life into the history record. In this regard, Love has special meaning in the history of Korean modern literature. Before anything else, doctor AN Bin’s clinic as a first space of the novel vividly shows the reality of the Western style clinic and a general practitioner under the colonial period. The establishment of the hospital was based on 「Rules on private hospital」 declared by the Japanese Government General of Korea in 1919. According to this Rules, a private clinic’s founder had to submit the documents to the director of police affairs, in which all the details were written. It included name of hospital, site location and size, floor plan of a nearby building, each size of patient’s rooms, number of steps and emergency exit, bath, toilet, disinfecting room. AN Bin’s clinic was a private hospital with the requirements in the rules. The descriptions of this clinic re-created real situation of private hospitals, specifically scale of hospital, interior space, conditions of patient’s room at the time. The second modern hospital in the novel is Bukgando Catholic hospital. There is a lot more materials on medical activity and hospital of protestant churches than we thought. But we do not have a lot of information on

  5. [A survey of HIV, HBV and HCV infections in children aged 1-13 years in Yi ethnic area, Sichuan province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Y; Zhou, Y B; Cheng, W T; Pan, X; Song, X X; Jiang, Q W

    2017-09-10

    Objective: To investigate the prevalence of HIV, HBV and HCV infections in children aged 1-13 years in Yi ethnic area in Sichuan province. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the form of field survey in four townships selected from Yi ethnic area of Sichuan during 2014-2015. Participants were children aged 1-13 years by sample size of 900 and were screened for HIV antibody, HBV surface antigen and HCV antibody, and laboratory comfirmation was conducted. The area, age, gender and ethnic group specific infection rates were compared by using Fisher's exact test, and multiple comparisons were corrected by using Bonferroni correction. Results: A total of 677 children aged 1-13 years were surveyed. The infection rates of HIV, HBV and HCV were 1.03 % (7/677, 95 %CI : 0.42 % -1.12 % ), 6.65 % (45/677, 95 %CI : 4.89 % -8.79 % ) and 0.15 % (1/677, 95 %CI : 0 % -0.82 % ), respectively. The infection rates of HIV differed among townships ( P =0.000), the infection rate was higher in township D than in township B, the difference was significant ( P HBV and HCV infections were not significant among different townships, age, gender and ethnic groups. The difference in HBV viral load between age group 5-9 years and age groups 10-13 years was not significant ( U =115.000, P =0.967). Conclusions: The burden of HIV and HBV infections in children aged 1-13 years was heavy in rural area of Yi ethnic area in Sichuan. Therefore, it is necessary to take effective measures to block the vertical transmission of HIV and HBV as well as to increase the coverage of HBV vaccination.

  6. Prevalence, awareness, medication, control, and risk factors associated with hypertension in Yi ethnic group aged 50 years and over in rural China: the Yunnan minority eye study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Lixing; Zong, Yuan; Wei, Tao; Sheng, Xun; Shen, Wei; Li, Jun; Niu, Zhiqiang; Zhou, Hua; Zhang, Yang; Yuan, Yuansheng; Chen, Qin; Zhong, Hua

    2015-04-15

    Hypertension is an important public health issue in China, but there are few studies examining hypertension in ethnic groups in Yunnan, China. This study, Yunnan Minority Eye Study (YMES), was initially designed to determine the prevalence and impact of eye diseases, including hypertension and diabetes mellitus. As a part of YMES, the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension and the associated risk factors among the Yi ethnic population in rural China are reported. A population-based survey was conducted in 2012 with adult participants over 50 from rural communities in Shilin Yi Autonomous County, Yunnan Province, located in southwest China. A random cluster sampling method was used to select a representative sample. The participants' blood pressure, height, weight, and waist circumference were measured. Hypertension was defined as mean systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg, and/or current use of antihypertensive medications. A total of 2208 adults were assessed. The prevalence of hypertension was 38.5%, and the age- and gender-adjusted prevalence was 37.0%. The proportion of patients who were aware of their hypertension among those diagnosed with hypertension was 24.8%. Of those aware of having hypertension, 23.6% took antihypertensive drugs. Among all hypertensive patients, only 7.2% had controlled their hypertension (population of the Yi ethnic group in China. The ratio of awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension were considerately low. Hypertension education and screening programs in rural China are recommended to improve the health status of this population.

  7. Cardioprotective Effects of QiShenYiQi Dripping Pills on Transverse Aortic Constriction-Induced Heart Failure in Mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruan, Guoran; Ren, Haojin; Zhang, Chi; Zhu, Xiaogang; Xu, Chao; Wang, Liyue

    2018-01-01

    QiShenYiQi dripping pills (QSYQ), a traditional Chinese medicine, are commonly used to treat coronary heart disease, and QSYQ was recently approved as a complementary treatment for ischemic heart failure in China. However, only few studies reported on whether QSYQ exerts a protective effect on heart failure induced by pressure overload. In this study, we explored the role of QSYQ in a mouse model of heart failure induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC). Twenty-eight C57BL/6J mice were divided into four groups: Sham + NS group, Sham + QSYQ group, TAC + NS group, and TAC + QSYQ group. QSYQ dissolved in normal saline (NS) was administered intragastrically (3.5 mg/100 g/day) in the Sham + QSYQ and TAC + QSYQ groups. In the Sham + NS and TAC + NS groups, NS was provided every day intragastrically. Eight weeks after TAC, echocardiography, and cardiac catheterization were performed to evaluate the cardiac function, and immunofluorescent staining with anti-actinin2 antibody was performed to determine the structure of the myocardial fibers. Moreover, TUNEL staining and Masson trichrome staining were employed to assess the effects of QSYQ on cardiac apoptosis and cardiac fibrosis. Western blots and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were used to measure the expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the heart, and immunohistochemical staining with anti-CD31 antibody was performed to explore the role of QSYQ in cardiac angiogenesis. Results showed that TAC-induced cardiac dysfunction and disrupted structure of myocardial fibers significantly improved after QSYQ treatment. Moreover, QSYQ treatment also significantly improved cardiac apoptosis and cardiac fibrosis in TAC-induced heart failure, which was accompanied by an increase in VEGF expression levels and maintenance of microvessel density in the heart. In conclusion, QSYQ exerts a protective effect on TAC-induced heart failure, which could be attributed to enhanced cardiac angiogenesis

  8. Improving cachectic symptoms and immune strength of tumour-bearing mice in chemotherapy by a combination of Scutellaria baicalensis and Qing-Shu-Yi-Qi-Tang.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hang; Chan, Yi-Lin; Li, Tsung-Lin; Wu, Chang-Jer

    2012-05-01

    Cancer cachexia is characterised by the loss of body mass and directly compromises immune response and the quality of life of cancer patients. In the present study, we set out to investigate the role of Chinese herbs as anticancer medicines and/or chemotherapeutic adjuvants to increase therapeutic efficacy and/or ameliorate given side-effects in animal model. Twelve kinds of herbs were chosen from the ingredients of major Chinese herbal medicines, and their effects on the antioxidant activity were investigated. To obtain the anticancer effects of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) when consumed with minimal side-effects, we investigated the combination effect of Scutellaria baicalensis and Qing-Shu-Yi-Qi-Tang that may enhance the anticancer activity of 5-FU on subcutaneous tumour growth in C57BL/6 mice challenged with Lewis lung carcinoma cells. Qing-Shu-Yi-Qi-Tang, a multiple-component herbal extract, was shown to have high anti-oxidation activity, while S. baicalensis (Chinese skullcap) was demonstrated to have high tumour-growth inhibition activity. Thus, S. baicalensis and Qing-Shu-Yi-Qi-Tang were evaluated for their combinaton effects on the cancer-induced cachectic murine upon receiving 5-FU chemotherapy. As a result, tumour masses and losses of carcass and/or gastrocnemius muscle were found to be significantly decreased. This combination otherwise increased both Th1/Th2 ratio and NK cytotoxicity. In the mice receiving with or without 5-FU, the serum levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) increased by all means but otherwise decreased when the herbal combination was administrated. Additionally, the expressions of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and muscle RING finger protein-1 (MuRF-1) decreased in the gastrocnemius muscle when the herbal combination was applied. Our results revealed that the combination of S. baicalensis and Qing-Shu-Yi-Qi-Tang is able to ameliorate cachectic symptoms and positively stimulate anti-tumour immunity while undergoing

  9. [Research on maternal health behaviors for Yi-nationality women in poor rural areas based on the theory of reasoned action].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yuju; Hao, Gang; Sun, Shuai; Chen, Yuehui; Zhang, Rui; Liu, Qiaolan; Yang, Yang; Zhou, Huan

    2015-08-01

    To analyze the status of maternal health behaviors and it's risk factors for Yi-nationality women in poor rural areas of Sichuan province. In 2012, multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used to select 14 villages of two poor counties in Liangshan Yi-nationality autonomous prefecture Sichuan province. At least 10 women who have infants aged 0-12 months were selected in each simple villages, a total of 284. The structured questionnaire was developed on the basis of the theory of reasoned action. Yi-nationality female college students were trained as investigators. Research indicators included prenatal care rate, hospital delivery rate, postpartum examination rate, socio-demographic characteristics, maternal health care knowledge. χ² test was used to compare the differences of above indicators among different groups. The structural equation model were used to statistical analyze. In the 284 subject women, 51.7% (147/284) women owned more than 2 children, 41.6% (118/284) women were more than 30 years old, 87.3% (248/284) women were illiteracy. The prenatal care rate was 69.7% (197/284), the hospital delivery rate was 26.8% (76/284), and the postnatal check rate was 22.9% (65/284). The influence factors of maternal health behaviors included the number of children, age and education (χ² were 10.92, 13.24, 9.58; P values were 0.027, 0.004, 0.008, respectively).The structural equation model analysis results showed that the maternal health behaviors were directly or indirectly affected by subjective norms (β = 0.236, P < 0.001), women's cognition (β = 0.226, P = 0.020) and women's attitudes on maternal health behavior (β = 0.157, P = 0.001). Among subjective norms, women have high compliance to their husbands (β = 0.850, P < 0.001), their peers (β = 0.708, P < 0.001), and their mothers-in-law (β = 0.636, P < 0.001). There were still serious problems in maternal health behaviors for Yi-nationality women in poor rural areas. The main factors included

  10. A study on the traditionalism of “trot” – Focused on Yi Nanyǒng’s “Tears of Mokp’o”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yujeong Chang

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I explore the significance of Yi Nanyǒng’s contribution to the history of Korean popular music through her song “Tears of Mokp’o.” Using the data I gathered from surveys and interviews as well as a formal analysis of the song, I expounded on the perceptional changes of “Tears of Mokp’o” from a hybrid colonial song to an ethnic, national song. For this purpose, I structured this paper as follows: In the second section, I looked into the meaning and changes in trot spanning different periods, and investigated the current public sentiment toward trot. In the third section, I examined Yi Nan-yǒng’s life and her songs, as well as the public opinion of her works via survey analysis. Finally, I expounded on the traditionalism found in “Tears of Mokp’o.” Through these materials, we could delineate how trot shifted from a foreign song to a traditional one.

  11. The role and significance of Luo Zhiyuan's Shu yi hui bian in the history of plague in Lingnan (south of the five ridges).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, H; Lai, W

    1999-04-01

    Being the earliest monograph on plague in China, Luo Zhiyuan's Shu yi hui bian, not included in the National Catalogue of TCM Books, include the following contents: personal idea on the etiology of plague; Luo's friend Wu Xuanchang' unpublished Shu yu zhi fa on the treatment and manifestations of plague; Luo's specific recipe for plague based on medified Wang Qingren's Jie du huo xue decoction based on Wang Qingrens yi lin gai cuo; therapy for critical cases; many therapies applied on Lingnan, including experimental recipes, external therapy, preventive methods, and preventing recurrence methods; Luo's special administrating methods, including persisting day-and-night method, immediate persisting method, single-dose persisting method, and double-dose persisting method. He also gave several cured case records. His book, featuring unique idea with good effect, was repeatedly printed and extensively distributed, exerting influence, more or less, on the plague monographs of later ages, and occupying important position in the history of plague on Lingnan and the whole country as well. His idea of "that poisons and static blood" in pathogenesis and therapeutic principle of antitoxicity and activating blood is coincided with the results of present day clinical and laboratory studies. His administration of medicines is heuristic to the therapy of critical cases with Chinese medicaments and to the recognition of pathogenesis, etiology, and treatment of modern plague as well as other diseases of similar etiology and pathognesis and is worth of further study.

  12. Calcium-sensing receptor gene polymorphism (rs7652589) is associated with calcium nephrolithiasis in the population of Yi nationality in Southwestern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hao; Zhang, Jianhua; Long, Jiang; Shi, Jiarun; Luo, Yuhui

    2018-04-16

    The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) gene plays an important role in regulating the Ca 2+ balance and reducing the risk for calcium stones. In this study, we evaluated the association of CaSR polymorphisms with calcium nephrolithiasis in the population of Yi nationality in Southwestern China. Biochemical variables were evaluated in 624 calcium nephrolithiasis patients and 470 age-matched healthy controls without a history of nephrolithiasis. CaSR polymorphisms rs7652589, rs1501899, rs1801725 (Ala986Ser), rs1042636 (Arg990Gly) and rs1801726 (Gln1011Glu) were investigated between the calcium nephrolithiasis patients and healthy controls, using direct sequencing. Compared with the healthy controls, serum creatinine and 24-hour urine calcium levels were significantly higher in calcium nephrolithiasis patients. Among these five polymorphisms, the genotypic and allelic frequency distributions of rs7652589 SNP was significantly associated with the risk of calcium nephrolithiasis. However, there were no genotypic or allelic distribution differences for rs1501899, rs1801725, rs1042636, and rs1801726 polymorphisms between calcium nephrolithiasis patients and healthy controls. Moreover, the association between rs7652589 SNP genotypes and the biochemical variables was not found. Our study showed that CaSR rs7652589 polymorphism had a significant effect on the risk of developing calcium nephrolithiasis in the population of Yi nationality in Southwestern China. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd/University College London.

  13. The Marquis de Condorcet goes to Bern

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bochsler, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship. For more information about...

  14. An extract of a formula used in the traditional chinese medicine (Buzhong Yi Qi Wan) alters the labeling of blood constituents with technetium-99m

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Giani, Tania Santos; Paoli, Severo de; Brandao-Neto, Jose; Medeiros, Aldo da Cunha; Presta, Giuseppe Antonio; Maiworm, Adalgisa Ieda; Santos Filho, Sebastiao David; Fonseca, Adenilson de Souza da; Bernardo-Filho, Mario

    2007-01-01

    Buzhong Yi Qi Wan (Buzhong) is a medicinal herb widely used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat the digestive and circulatory systems. Red blood cell and plasma proteins labeled with technetium-99m ( 99m Tc) are used in nuclear medicine. The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of an aqueous Buzhong extract on the labeling of blood constituents with 99m Tc. Heparinized blood (Wistar rats) was incubated in vitro with different Buzhong extract concentrations and 99m Tc-labeling was performed. Plasma (P) and blood cells (BC) were separated and soluble (SF-P, SF-BC) and insoluble (IF-P, IF-BC) fractions were isolated. The radioactivity on blood constituents was determined and the percentage of incorporated radioactivity (%ATI) was calculated. Buzhong extract at the highest concentrations used altered significantly (p 99 mTc. (author)

  15. Assessment of effects of a formula used in the traditional Chinese medicine (Buzhong Yi Qi Wan on the morphologic and osmotic fragility of red blood cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania S. Giani

    Full Text Available Buzhong Yi Qi Wan (BYQW is a combination of some medicinal herbs widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat blood, spleen and stomach disorders. Morphometric analysis and osmotic fragility assay have been used to evaluate changes on membrane integrity of red blood cells. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of an aqueous BYQW extract on the morphology and osmotic fragility of red blood cells. Blood samples were treated with BYQW extract, quantitative/qualitative morphological analysis and osmotic fragility assay were carried out against control groups treated with saline. The data obtained indicated no modification on morphology but osmotic fragility assay suggested a significant (p<0.05 increasing of hemolysis in red blood cells isolated from blood treated with aqueous BYQW extract. In conclusion, the aqueous BYQW extract could affect the membrane integrity decreasing the osmotic resistance but without altering the shape of red blood cells.

  16. ADHERENCE AND PA THOGENICITY ASSA Y OF VIBRIO HARVE YI IN TIGER SHRIMP (PENAEUS MONODON LARVAE FOR SC REENING BIOCONTROL AGE NT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YUSMINAH H ALA

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Rifampicin-resistant marker w as empl oyed as a repor ter t o detect the ad here nce and colonization of V. harve yi in s hrimp larvae. Vibri o h arve yi P1B and YA3 2. 2 were isolated f rom dead s hrimp la rv ae i n Besuki, Norther n C oast of East Jav a, while V. harveyi HB3, was isolated from pris tine sea water in Pacita n, S outhe rn Coast of E ast Ja va . Vi brio metsc hnikovii used a s bioc ontr ol a gent was i solated fr om healthy shrimp larvae in Serang, We st Java. Spontane ous mutation was c onducted to generate V. harveyi P1B, YA32.2 and HB3 resistant to rifampi cin. These mutants exhibit ed similar survival ability to t heir parent al (wild type strai ns. Signifi cant larval mortalit y was o bserv ed i n s hrimp l arv ae i noculated with YA32.2 than that of larvae ino culated with P1B. Larvae inoculated with H B 3 showed the lo w est mortality. Bacterial cell c ount of Vi brio Rf* in dead larvae w ere 103-104 cells/larvae. Isolates of Vi brio metschnikovii Z an d M as biocontrol candid ates effectively r educed the growth a nd a dherence ability of YA32.2 t o shrimp larvae. Larval mort ality in rearing water inoculat ed simultaneousl y w ith YA32.2 and V. metschnikovii was lower than the one inoculated with YA32.2 alone. Therefore, Vibrio metschnikovii Z or M could be develope d as an effective pro biotic or biocontrol agent for V. harvey i in shrimp hatcheri es.

  17. [Applying the Methodology and Practice of Microhistory: The Diary of a Confucian Doctor, Yi Mun-gǒn (1495-1567)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Dongwon

    2015-08-01

    Since microhistory's approach to the past is based on an understanding of and a sympathy for the concrete details of human lives, its area of interests overlaps with the history of medicine and medical humanities, which examine illness and health. If we put a specific region and society in a specific period under a microscope and increase the magnifying power, we can understand the numerous network connections among the body, illness management, and medicine and how multilayered were the knowledge and power applied to them. And this approach of using microhistory to illuminate medical history can be more effective than any other historical approach. This article focuses on Yi Mun-gǒn's extensive volumes of Mukchaeilgi (Mukchae's diary) in approaching medical history from the perspective of microhistory. Simply defined, this work is a Confucian scholar-doctor's diary. Its author, Yi Mun-gǒn, played the role of a Confucian doctor, although not professionally, during his 23-year exile, after serving in a high governmental office on the senior grade of the third court rank. Thanks to this extensive and detailed diary, we can now get adetailed andthorough picture of his medical practice in the Sǒngju region, 270 kilometers southeast of Seoul, where he was exiled. This article aims to understand the state of medical practice in the Sǒngju region in the 16thcentury through the"zoom-in" method adopted by microhistory. In particular, I will focus on the following three aspects:1) Yi Mun-gǒn's motivation for and method of medical study, 2)the character of Yi Mun-gǒn'spatient treatment as hwarin (the act of life-saving), and 3) the plural existence of various illness management methods, including pyǒngjǒm (divination of illness), sutra-chanting, exorcism, and ch'oje (ritual toward Heaven). All three aspects are closely related to Confucianism. First, Yi Mun-gǒn decided to acquire professional-level medical knowledge in order to practice the Confucian virtue of filial

  18. Kuva-yi Milliye Müzesindeki Sırp Kralı II. Stefan Uroš Milutin (1282-1321 Dönemine Ait Gümüş Sikke A Silver Coin of Serbian King Stephan Uros II Milutin (1282-1321 from Kuva-yi Milliye Museum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ceren ÜNAL

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Museum of Kuva-yi Milliye in Balıkesir which is located in thenorth-western part of Turkey was established in 1996. The Museum ofKuva-yi Milliye has approximately 2.500 coins from different culturesand ages. As a result of some research, done between 2011-2012August, one rare silver coin which dated back to Medieval era of Serbiawas detected.There is a silver dinar of Serbian king Stephen Uroš II Milutin(1282-1321 in Kuva-yi Milliye Museum which might have come toAnatolia with the international trade route. Serbian silver dinar wasfound together with a group of Venetian silver coins and it was wronglyclassified to Byzantine Empire which was an effective culture in thatera. Most probably, Serbian silver coin which was dated back to the endof the 13th century, might have come to the Anatolia with a trade ofVenetia. The coin which is protected in the Museum is the reflection of arich culture of Anatolia which is the center of overseas trade betweenEast and West.When Byzantine Empire began to lose its power in 12th century,the idea of independence between Balkan communities developed.Serbian Kingdom which was established in 12th century was gettingstronger gradually and its borders were extended. Therefore, SerbianKingdom reached a balance situation between the West and ByzantineEmpire. As the Serbian Kingdom, was located on the overland journeybetween the West and the East, it had effective relations with itswestern alliances. Because of its strategical location, Byzantine Empirehad to have good relations with them.This rare silver dinar most probably came to Anatolia with theVenetian merchants who were dominant in the sea trade in that era. Itwill be presented with the help of the historical background of theBalkans and Serbia. Türkiye’nin kuzeybatısında, Balıkesir ilinde yer alan Kuva-yi Milliye Müzesi 1996 yılında kurulmuştur. Kuva-yi Milliye Müzesi’nde yaklaşık olarak 2.500 adet farklı kültürler ve dönemlere ait sikke

  19. An extract of a formula used in the traditional chinese medicine (Buzhong Yi Qi Wan alters the labeling of blood constituents with technetium-99m

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Santos Giani

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Buzhong Yi Qi Wan (Buzhong is a medicinal herb widely used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat the digestive and circulatory systems. Red blood cell and plasma proteins labeled with technetium-99m (99mTc are used in nuclear medicine. The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of an aqueous Buzhong extract on the labeling of blood constituents with 99mTc. Heparinized blood (Wistar rats was incubated in vitro with different Buzhong extract concentrations and 99mTc-labeling was performed. Plasma (P and blood cells (BC were separated and soluble (SF-P, SF-BC and insoluble (IF-P, IF-BC fractions were isolated. The radioactivity on blood constituents was determined and the percentage of incorporated radioactivity (%ATI was calculated. Buzhong extract at the highest concentrations used altered significantly (pBuzhong Yi Qi Wan (Buzhong é uma fórmula utilizada na Medicina Tradicional Chinesa para tratamento de distúrbios nos sistemas digestório e circulatório. Constituintes sangüíneos marcados com tecnécio-99m (99mTc são usados na medicina nuclear. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os efeitos do extrato de Buzhong na marcação de constituintes sangüíneos com 99mTc. Amostras de sangue de ratos Wistar foram incubadas com diferentes concentrações do extrato de Buzhong e a marcação de constituintes sangüíneos com 99mTc foi realizado. Plasma e células sangüíneas foram separados, frações solúveis e insolúveis do plasma e das células sangüíneas foram isoladas. A radioatividade nos constituintes sangüíneos foi contada e as porcentagens de radioatividade incorporada (%ATI, determinada. Extrato de Buzhong nas maiores concentrações utilizadas altera significativamente (p<0.05 a %ATI nos constituintes sangüíneos. Substâncias presentes no extrato de Buzhong poderiam alterar a membrana celular e/ou gerar radicais livres, que têm propriedades oxidantes, modificando a marcação dos constituintes sangüíneos com

  20. Yi Qi Qing Re Gao-containing serum inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced rat mesangial cell proliferation by suppressing the Wnt pathway and TGF-β1 expression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Liping; Sun, Xueyan; Zhan, Yongli; Liu, Huijie; Wen, Yumin; Mao, Huimin; Dong, X I; Li, Ping

    2016-04-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of Yi Qi Qing Re Gao-containing serum (YQ-S) on rat mesangial cell (MC) proliferation and to investigate the underlying mechanism. MCs were divided into the control, lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated, YQ-S and fosinopril-containing serum (For-S) groups, and cultured for 48 h. An MTT assay was used to evaluate the proliferation of MCs. In addition, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis were conducted to detect the expression levels of Wnt4, β-catenin and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 in MCs. The results indicated that YQ-S inhibited LPS-induced MC proliferation. The Wnt4 and TGF-β1 mRNA expression levels were reduced in the YQ-S group (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Furthermore, the Wnt4, β-catenin and TGF-β1 protein expression levels were suppressed in the YQ-S group (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Therefore, YQ-S appears to inhibit MC proliferation, and its mechanism may involve the inhibition of the Wnt signaling pathway and downregulation of TGF-β1 expression.

  1. An extract of a formula used in the traditional chinese medicine (Buzhong Yi Qi Wan) alters the labeling of blood constituents with technetium-99m

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giani, Tania Santos; Paoli, Severo de; Brandao-Neto, Jose; Medeiros, Aldo da Cunha [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN (Brazil). Centro de Ciencias da Saude. Programa de Pos-graduacao em Ciencias da Saude]. E-mail: tgiani@gmail.com; Presta, Giuseppe Antonio; Maiworm, Adalgisa Ieda; Santos Filho, Sebastiao David; Fonseca, Adenilson de Souza da [Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), RJ (Brazil). Inst. de Biologia Roberto Alcantara Gomes. Lab. de Radiofarmacia Experimental; Bernardo-Filho, Mario [Instituto Nacional de Cancer (INCa), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Centro de Pesquisa Basica

    2007-09-15

    Buzhong Yi Qi Wan (Buzhong) is a medicinal herb widely used in Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat the digestive and circulatory systems. Red blood cell and plasma proteins labeled with technetium-99m ({sup 99m}Tc) are used in nuclear medicine. The aim of this work was to investigate the effects of an aqueous Buzhong extract on the labeling of blood constituents with {sup 99m}Tc. Heparinized blood (Wistar rats) was incubated in vitro with different Buzhong extract concentrations and {sup 99m}Tc-labeling was performed. Plasma (P) and blood cells (BC) were separated and soluble (SF-P, SF-BC) and insoluble (IF-P, IF-BC) fractions were isolated. The radioactivity on blood constituents was determined and the percentage of incorporated radioactivity (%ATI) was calculated. Buzhong extract at the highest concentrations used altered significantly (p<0.05) the %ATI in blood constituents. Substances present in the Buzhong extract could alter the cellular membrane and/or generation of free radicals that have oxidant properties modifying the labeling of blood constituents with {sup 99}mTc. (author)

  2. The Contribution of Different Components in QiShenYiQi Pills® to Its Potential to Modulate Energy Metabolism in Protection of Ischemic Myocardial Injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuan-Chen Cui

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Ischemic heart diseases remain a challenge for clinicians. QiShenYiQi pills® (QSYQ has been reported to be curative during coronary heart diseases with modulation of energy metabolism as one of the underlying mechanisms. In this study, we detected the effect of QSYQ and its components on rat myocardial structure, mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes activity and energy metabolism, and heart function after 30 min of cardiac ischemia, with focusing on the contribution of each component to its potential to regulate energy metabolism. Results showed that treatment with QSYQ and all its five components protected myocardial structure from damage by ischemia. QSYQ also attenuated release of myocardial cTnI, and restored the production of ATP after cardiac ischemia. AS-IV and Rb1, but not Rg1, R1, and DLA, had similar effect as QSYQ in regulation of energy metabolism. These results indicate that QSYQ may prevent ischemia-induced cardiac injury via regulation of energy metabolism, to which each of its components contributes differently.

  3. [Textual research on Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) quoted in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Ruixian; Zhang, Wei; Li, Jian; Liang, Fei

    2014-05-01

    Altogether 15 terms for Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) were used in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica), including Yue yu (Cantonese sayings), Chong yu (Sayings from Insect Drug), Jie yu (Sayings from Crustacean Drug), Xin yu (New Sayings), Yue hai xiang yu (Fragrant Sayings from Cantonese Region), Yue zhi mu yu (Sayings from Plants in Cantonese Annals), Guang dong suo yu (Trivial Sayings from Guangdong), Yue shan lu (Records of Cantonese Mountains), Yue lu (Cantonese Records), Jiao guang lu (Joint Guangdong Records), Yue cao zhi (Records of Cantonese Grasses), Guang guo lu (Records of Guangdong Fruits), Nan yue suo ji (Trivial Records of Southern Canton), Guang zhi (Guangdong Records), Yue zhi (Cantonese Records) etc. dealing with 57 sorts of drugs (with individual overlapping ones), the author of Xin yu was Qu Dajun, a surviving fogy of the Ming Dynasty actively involved in the activities to restore the old dynasty and resist the Qing Dynasty, and was persecuted in the literary inquisition in which his works were burnt so that Zhao Xuemin, when quoting his texts, had to go in a roundabout way.

  4. Effects of Xiaochuan Yi Hao on plasma TXB2 and 6-K-PGF1α levels in guinea pig with asthma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen Jinyan; Cheng Zhixi; Li Zhiqiang

    2002-01-01

    Objective: Xiaochuan Yi Hao (XYH) is a clinically proved effective recipe for treatment of asthma. According to current understanding of the disease mechanism of bronchial asthma the plasma levels as thromboxane B 2 (TXB 2 ) and 6-keto-prostaglandin F 1α (6-K-PGF 1α ) were studied in guinea to elucidate the pharmacological action of XYH recipe. Methods: Asthma was induced in guinea pigs after immunization with abdominal injection of 10% egg albumin. The latent period of asthma paroxysm was observed after sensitized guinea pigs had inhaled the albumin aerosol. TXB 2 and 6-K-PGF 1α levels in plasma were detected by radioimmunoassay (RIA). Results: Plasma TXB 2 and 6-K-PGF 1α levels were 197.53 +- 87.56 pg/ml and 29.08 +- 9.17 pg/ml respectively in the asthma model group. XYH recipe was able to restore the TXB 2 and 6-K-PGF 1α levels towards normal to 123.40 +- 59.78 pg/ml and 41.73 +- 14.81 pg/ml. The effect of XYH recipe was shown to be dose related. Conclusion: XYH might be effective in treatment-of bronchial asthma through restoring the balance between TXB 2 and 6-K-PGF 1α

  5. Chinese herbal medicine compound Yi-Zhi-Hao pellet inhibits replication of influenza virus infection through activation of heme oxygenase-1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinqiu Yin

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available As a leading cause of respiratory disease, influenza A virus (IAV presents a pandemic threat in annual seasonal outbreaks. Given the limitation of existing anti-influenza therapies, there remains to be a requirement for new drugs. Compound Yi-Zhi-Hao pellet (CYZH is a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM used in the clinic, whose formula has been recorded in Complication of National Standard for Traditional Chinese Medicine to treat common cold. In this study, we found that CYZH exhibited a broad-spectrum anti-influenza activity and inhibited the expression of viral RNA and proteins in vitro. Mechanistically, CYZH had no inhibitory activities against viral protein hemagglutinin and IAV RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. Instead, it induced activation of erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2 and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB, which subsequently upregulated heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1 expression. Also, CYZH protected cells from oxidative damage induced by reactive oxygen series. In conclusions, CYZH inhibits IAV replication in vitro, at least partly by activating expression of the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway.

  6. Identification of the chemical constituents of Chinese medicine Yi-Xin-Shu capsule by molecular feature orientated precursor ion selection and tandem mass spectrometry structure elucidation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hong-ping; Chen, Chang; Liu, Yan; Yang, Hong-Jun; Wu, Hong-Wei; Xiao, Hong-Bin

    2015-11-01

    The incomplete identification of the chemical components of traditional Chinese medicinal formula has been one of the bottlenecks in the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine. Tandem mass spectrometry has been widely used for the identification of chemical substances. Current automatic tandem mass spectrometry acquisition, where precursor ions were selected according to their signal intensity, encounters a drawback in chemical substances identification when samples contain many overlapping signals. Compounds in minor or trace amounts could not be identified because most tandem mass spectrometry information was lost. Herein, a molecular feature orientated precursor ion selection and tandem mass spectrometry structure elucidation method for complex Chinese medicine chemical constituent analysis was developed. The precursor ions were selected according to their two-dimensional characteristics of retention times and mass-to-charge ratio ranges from herbal compounds, so that all precursor ions from herbal compounds were included and more minor chemical constituents in Chinese medicine were identified. Compared to the conventional automatic tandem mass spectrometry setups, the approach is novel and can overcome the drawback for chemical substances identification. As an example, 276 compounds from the Chinese Medicine of Yi-Xin-Shu capsule were identified. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  7. Contamination and Human Health Risk Assessment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Oysters After the Wu Yi San Oil Spill in Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loh, Andrew; Yim, Un Hyuk; Ha, Sung Yong; An, Joon Geon; Kim, Moonkoo

    2017-07-01

    After the collision of the Singapore-registered oil tanker M/V Wu Yi San into the oil terminal of Yeosu, Korea on January 31, 2014, approximately 900 m 3 of oil and oil mixture were released from the ruptured pipelines. The oil affected more than 10 km of coastline along Gwangyang Bay. Emergency oil spill responses recovered bulk oil at sea and cleaned up the stranded oil on shore. As part of an emergency environmental impact assessment, region-wide monitoring of oil contamination in oyster had been conducted for 2 months. Highly elevated concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were detected at most of the spill affected sites. Four days after the spill, the levels of PAHs in oysters increased dramatically to 627-81,000 ng/g, the average of which was 20 times higher than those found before the spill (321-4040 ng/g). The level of PAHs in these oysters increased until 10 days after the spill and then decreased. Due to the strong tidal current and easterly winter winds, the eastern part of the Bay-the Namhae region-was heavily contaminated compared with other regions. The accumulation and depuration of spilled oil in oyster corresponded with the duration and intensity of the cleanup activities, which is the first field observation in oil spill cases. Human health risk assessments showed that benzo[a]pyrene equivalent concentrations exceeded levels of concern in the highly contaminated sites, even 60 days after the spill.

  8. Frederick Yi-Tung Cho (1939-2011) : His PhD days in Biophysics, the Photosynthesis Lab, and his patents in engineering physics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Govindjee; Munday, John C; Papageorgiou, George C

    2017-06-01

    We present here a Tribute to Frederick Yi-Tung Cho (1939-2011), an innovative and ingenious biophysicist and an entrepreneur. He was one of the 4 earliest PhD students [see: Cederstrand (1965)-Carl Nelson Cederstrand; coadvisor: Eugene Rabinowitch; Papageorgiou (1968)-George C. Papageorgiou (coauthor of this paper); and Munday (1968)-John C. Munday Jr. (also a coauthor of this paper)] of one of us (Govindjee) in Biophysics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) during the late 1960s (1963-1968). Fred was best known, in the photosynthesis circle for his pioneering work on low temperature (down to liquid helium temperature, 4 K) absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy of photosynthetic systems; he showed temperature independence of excitation energy transfer from (i) chlorophyll (Chl) b to Chl a and (ii) from Chl a 670 to Chl a 678; and temperature dependence of energy transfer from the phycobilins to Chl a and from Chl a 678 to its suggested trap. After doing research in biophysics of photosynthesis, Fred shifted to do research in solid-state physics/engineering in the Government Electronics Division (Group) of the Motorola Company, Scottsdale, Arizona, from where he published research papers in that area and had several patents granted. We focus mainly on his days at the UIUC in context of the laboratory in which he worked. We also list some of his papers and most of his patents in engineering physics. His friends and colleagues have correctly described him as an innovator and an ingenious scientist of the highest order. On the personal side, he was a very easy-going and amiable individual.

  9. Cardioprotection against ischemia/reperfusion injury by QiShenYiQi Pill® via ameliorate of multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen JR

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Jing Rui Chen,1–3 Jing Wei,1–3 Ling Yan Wang,1–3 Yan Zhu,1–3 Lan Li,1–3 Mary Akinyi Olunga,1–3 Xiu Mei Gao,1–3 Guan Wei Fan1–31Tianjin State Key Laboratory of Modern Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, People’s Republic of China; 2Key Laboratory of Pharmacology of Traditional Chinese Medicine Formulae, Ministry of Education, 3Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin, People’s Republic of ChinaAim: To investigate the potential cardioprotective effects of QiShenYiQi Pill® (QSYQ on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R injury through antioxidative stress and mitochondrial protection.Methods and results: Sprague Dawley rats were pretreated with QSYQ or saline for 7 days and subjected to ischemia (30 minutes occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery and reperfusion (120 minutes. Cardiac functions were evaluated by echocardiogram and hemodynamics. Myocardial mitochondria were obtained to evaluate changes in mitochondrial structure and function, immediately after 120 minutes reperfusion. Pretreatment with QSYQ protected against I/R-induced myocardial structural injury and improved cardiac hemodynamics, as demonstrated by normalized serum creatine kinase and suppressed oxidative stress. Moreover, the impaired myocardial mitochondrial structure and function decreased level of ATP (accompanied by reduction of ATP5D and increase in the expression of cytochrome C. Myocardial fiber rupture, interstitial edema, and infiltrated leukocytes were all significantly ameliorated by pretreatment with QSYQ.Conclusion: Pretreatment of QSYQ in Sprague Dawley rats improves ventricular function and energy metabolism and reduces oxidative stress via ameliorating multiple mitochondrial dysfunctions during I/R injury.Keywords: QSYQ, ischemia/reperfusion injury, energy metabolism, mitochondria

  10. Populismo municipal y nacionalcatolicismo en la Valencia del general Primo de Rivera: el marqués de Sotelo (1923-1930 = Populism and Municipal Propaganda in Valencia during Primo de Rivera’s Dictatorship: the Marquis of Sotelo (1923-1930.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio López Iñíguez

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo pretende explicar las principales características políticas del régimen de Primo de Rivera en la ciudad de Valencia. Desde un análisis de la política municipal, el populismo y la publicidad de la construcción de obras públicas se presentan como los principales pilares para la consolidación del régimen en Valencia. La praxis política del marqués de Sotelo supuso para la ciudad el primer contacto con el nacionalcatolicismo. La figura de este alcalde, además, ocupa buena parte del texto al ser un fiel exponente de las prácticas políticas nacidas tras el golpe de septiembre de 1923.This paper aims to explain the main features of the political regime of Primo de Rivera in the city of Valencia. From an analysis of municipal politics, populism and advertising public works construction are presented as the main supports for the consolidation of the regime in Valencia. The political praxis of the Marquis of Sotelo assumed for the city’s first contact with the National Catholicism. The figure of the mayor, also occupies much of the text to be a faithful exponent of political practices born after the September 1923 coup.

  11. Evaluation of the effects of ethinylestradiol on sexual differentiation in the olvas-GFP/STII-YI medaka (transgenic Oryzias latipes) strain as estimated by proliferative activity of germ cells

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hano, Takeshi; Oshima, Yuji; Kinoshita, Masato; Tanaka, Minoru; Mishima, Noriko; Wakamatsu, Yuko; Ozato, Kenjiro; Shimasaki, Yohei; Honjo, Tsuneo

    2011-01-01

    We evaluated the effects of 17(-ethinylestradiol (EE 2 ) on sexual differentiation in transgenic olvas-GFP/STII-YI medaka (Oryzias latipes) in terms of the proliferative activity of germ cells. This strain contains the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene fused to the regulatory region of the medaka vasa gene, and germ cell-specific expression of GFP can be visualized in living (transparent) individuals. From 0 days post-hatch (0 dph) onwards, juveniles were exposed to graded concentrations of EE 2 (25.2-1710 ng/L) for 35 days. The gonads of live specimens were monitored by measuring their size and calculating their GFP-fluorescence area. GFP-fluorescent area in control females was about 10 times that in control males at 10 days posthatch (dph) whereas the gonadal size of 10 dph males that had been exposed to 158 ng/L of EE 2 significantly increased up to twice the size of control males, indicating that abnormal sexual differentiation towards female might occur in these individuals. Histological examination and identification of the sex-linked marker SL1 indicated that male to female sex reversal occurred at EE 2 exposure ≥45.1 ng/L at 35 dph. These results suggest that observation of proliferative activity of germ cells in the olvas-GFP/STII-YI strain could be applied to facilitated screening fish model to detect adverse effects on sexual differentiation as early as 10 dph juveniles.

  12. On Yi Concert "China' s memory, A Torch in the cloud"%浅谈《中国记忆·云中火把》彝族音乐会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张虎

    2012-01-01

    《中国记忆·云中火把》在上海音乐厅的成功演出,标志着楚雄彝族音乐走向世界的开始,音乐会的演出成功是楚雄、上海两地艺术家们交流、合作、共同努力的结果。以此为契机,努力打造更加优秀的音乐作品,来赢得人们对彝族音乐的认可。%The successful performance of "China' s memory, a torch in the cloud" in Shanghai concert hall marks the beginning of Yi music going global, to which the artists contribute through their communication, cooperation and joint effort. Taking this opportunity, we should create more good music works to win the world' s recognition.

  13. La rebelión del Marqués del Valle: un examen del gobierno virreinal en Nueva España en 1566 = The Rebellion of the Marquis of the Valley: A Test for the Viceregal Government in New Spain at 1566

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reiko Tateiwa Igarashi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl presente trabajo analiza las diversas fuerzas políticas (visitador, virrey, Audiencia y Consejo de Indias, que actuaron e intervinieron durante los primeros gobiernos virreinales de Nueva España en el siglo XVI, a través de la rebelión del marqués del Valle, Martín Cortés, hijo y heredero del conquistador Hernán Cortés a quien consideraron como líder natural los criollos, descendientes de los conquistadores que reclamaban al rey su derecho de sucesión en las encomiendas, el cual se había visto limitado por las Leyes Nuevas. Lejos de responder a la reclamación de estos criollos, las autoridades real y virreinal revelaron su dificultad para comprender la realidad novohispana y la falta de coordinación política entre la metrópoli y la capital mexicana. Finalmente, se decidieron a introducir cambios en su política, entre ellos, la posibilidad de enviar al príncipe heredero Felipe a las Indias con el fin de establecer el orden. AbstractThis paper analyses the attitude of viceregal political institutions –such as the royal visitador, the Viceroy, the royal Audiencia, the Council of Indies–, during the first governments of New Spain in the 16th century through the rebellion of the Marquis of the Valley, Martín Cortés, conqueror Hernán Cortés’ son, natural leader of the second generation of the conquerors who demanded the King their right to the encomienda, limited by the New Laws. Far from giving a response to the criollos, the real and viceregal authorities showed their difficulties to understand the reality of the Indies and lack of coordination on its policies between the metropolis and its colony. Finally, they started to introduce changes, including the possibility to send prince Felipe to the Indies in order to establish the royal authority.

  14. Simultaneous Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis of Multiple Chemical Constituents in YiQiFuMai Injection by Ultra-Fast Liquid Chromatography Coupled with Ion Trap Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunhua Liu

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available YiQiFuMai injection (YQFM is a modern lyophilized powder preparation derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Sheng-mai san (SMS used for treating cardiovascular diseases, such as chronic heart failure. However, its chemical composition has not been fully elucidated, particularly for the preparation derived from Ophiopogon japonicus. This study aimed to establish a systematic and reliable method to quickly and simultaneously analyze the chemical constituents in YQFM by ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UFLC-IT-TOF/MS. Sixty-five compounds in YQFM were tentatively identified by comparison with reference substances or literature data. Furthermore, twenty-one compounds, including three ophiopogonins, fifteen ginsenosides and three lignans were quantified by UFLC-IT-TOF/MS. Notably, this is the first determination of steroidal saponins from O. japonicus in YQFM. The relative standard deviations (RSDs of intra- and inter-day precision, reproducibility and stability were <4.9% and all analytes showed good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.9952 and acceptable recovery of 91.8%–104.2% (RSD ≤ 5.4%, indicating that the methods were reliable. These methods were successfully applied to quantitative analysis of ten batches of YQFM. The developed approach can provide useful and comprehensive information for quality control, further mechanistic studies in vivo and clinical application of YQFM.

  15. 从钱乙五脏辨证论治抽动障碍理论探讨%Theoretical Discussion of Treating Tic Disorder with Five-Zang Syndrome Differentiation of QIAN Yi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾慧; 钞建峰

    2017-01-01

    Five-zang syndrome differentiation of QIAN Yi has important value for the diagnosis and treat-ment of tic disorder in children. Tic disorder involves more than one zang organ ,and it usually affects five zang organs at the same time. Liver wind is the core of disease mechanism ,usually with lung deficiency at-tacked by external leading to internal wind,or with spleen deficiency leading to wood over inhibiting earth, or heart heat with wind fire,or with yin deficiency failing to nourish wood. The treatment should follow the principle of tonfiying and purging five zang organs,that extinguishing liver wind is the essential method,in combination with clearing and dispersing lung qi,or with tonifying earth and suppressing wood,or with clear-ing heart fire,or with nourishing yin and tonifying kidneys.%钱乙五脏辨证对儿童抽动障碍的辨治具有重要的价值.抽动障碍非一脏之病,而是"五脏同病",肝风为病机之核心,或兼肺虚受邪、外风引动内风,或兼脾虚土衰、木乘脾土,或兼心热火旺、风火相搏,或兼肾阴亏虚、水不涵木.治疗尊五脏补泻的原则,以调肝熄风为本,针对不同的病机,或清宣肺气,或扶土抑木,或清心泻火,或养阴补肾.

  16. Effect of Yi-nao-jie-yu decoction on γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor in the hippocampus and serum inflammatory factors in a rat model of poststroke anxiety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang W

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Wen Zhang,1 Ruizhen Zhao,1 Xiaoli Li,1 Xia Cui,1 Zijun Zhao,1 Yingqiu Mao,2 Fengzhi Wu,3 Qisheng Tang1 1Department of Encephalopathy, The Third Affiliated Hospital, 2Center of Scientific Research, 3Center of Journals, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Chaoyang District, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Background: The Yi-nao-jie-yu decoction (YNJYD is a herbal preparation widely used in the clinics of traditional Chinese medicine and has been recently used as an important new therapeutic agent in poststroke anxiety (PSA. The neuroendocrine–immune system plays an important role in PSA mechanisms, although the modulating effects of YNJYD remain unknown. This study investigated the potential effects of YNJYD on the neuroendocrine–immune system in a rat model of PSA.Materials and methods: The PSA model was induced by injecting collagenase (type VII into the right globus pallidus, accompanied by empty water bottle stimulation for 2 weeks. The sham group and the PSA model group were gavaged with saline, while the treatment groups received buspirone (BuSpar or YNJYD. Behavior was evaluated with the open field test and elevated plus maze once a week. Pathological changes were observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Serum levels of tumor necrosis factor, interleukin (IL-6, adrenocorticotropic hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, free triiodothyronine, free thyroxine, IL-1α, and cortisol were detected by radioimmunoassay. Expression of the γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor (GABAAR α2 subunit was examined by Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction.Results: YNJYD-treated rats exhibited significantly better recovery than BuSpar-treated rats at 21 days and 28 days in the open field test and elevated plus maze. Hematoxylin and eosin staining revealed neural repair in the hippocampus in the treatment groups. Serum levels of IL-1α in the YNJYD group were significantly less than those in the model group and the Bu

  17. Lubâb At-Ta’wîl ‘Inda Al-Imâm Al-Khâzîn Baina Al-Ma’tsûr wa Ar-Ra’yi (Dirâsah Maudhu’iyyah fi Ayah al-Qashash

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Shulhi Alhadi siregar

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper concern to study about one of Tafseer book, namely Lubâb al-Ta'wîl fi Ma'âny at-Tanzîl by Imam al-Khazin. Some scholars differ in the setting of sources of tafseer. Such as, the well-known scholars, Muhammad Ali Iyazi and Muhammad Husain ad-Dzahabi. Ulama Iyazi assumes that Tafseer Khazin belongs to the category of commentary bi al-Ma'tsûr, since this commentary is an ikhtishar of Tafseer al-Baghawi. While some scholars such as adz-Dzahabi, categorized this tafseer into the bi al-Ra'yi. By using the tahlily documentation method and the thematic method associated with Qashash verses in the Qur'an, the researchers found the correct method, namely the tafseer of al-Atsary an-Nazhary or known by tafseer bi al-Ma'tsûr who use Ra'yi as an extension of explanation and the determination of the most powerful law, seen from writing theme related at the end of its tafseer.

  18. Yi lin cuo yao(Essentials of Medical Works) and its historical materials of medical exchanges between China and Korea%朝鲜《医林撮要》所载中朝医学交流史料研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁永宣

    2001-01-01

    由朝鲜内医郑正先撰、杨礼寿校正,成书于16~17世纪时期的《医林撮要》一书,共13卷128门,它引用了大量李朝前期的朝鲜医书及当时已成书的中国医书资料,是一部非常切合临床应用的综合性方书。特别是书中所收载的“中朝质问方”和“中朝传习方”中的方剂,若干处与中国宋代医书《仁斋直指方论》等有诸多联系,是中国和朝鲜医学交流过程中的重要记录。但它与记载中朝两国政府官员之间医学质问的傅懋光《医学疑问》毫不相关。%Yi lin cuo yao,including 13 chapters and 128 categories,was written by Zheng Zhengxian and collated by Yang Lishou,both Korean imperial physicians in the 16-17th centuries.With notation of a number of the Chinese and Korean medical books and materials in the first decade of the Li dynasty,this book is a comprehensive prescription work,very useful to clinical application.Especially with several points of the formulas from Zhong chao zhi wen fang (Sino-Korean Prescriptions of Questioning) and zhong chao chuan xi fang (Sino-Korean Prescriptions of Questioning) recorded in this book connected with Ren zhai zhi zhi fang lun (Renzhai's Comprehensive Prescriptions) in the Song dynasty.This book is an important record of the exchanges on medical ideas between China and Korea.However,it has nothing to do with Yi xue yi wen (Questions on Medicine) by Fu Maoguang,which records the questions and answers between Chinese and Korean officials.

  19. 78 FR 14556 - Cheng Yi Liang: Debarment Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-06

    .... 1001 and securities fraud, a Federal felony offense under 15 U.S.C. 78j(b) and 78ff. FDA's finding that debarment is appropriate is based on the felony conviction for securities fraud referenced herein for... execution of trades on national securities exchanges, resulting in total profits and losses avoided of $3...

  20. Evaluation of chemotherapy in the control of Schistosoma mansoni in Marquis Valley, Saint Lucia. II. Biological results.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnish, G

    1982-01-01

    Following the final chemotherapy campaign of a 4-year program, the biological assessment of transmission of Schistosoma mansoni was evaluated for 5 years. No infected Biomphalaria glabrata were found amongst 28,791 and 13,550 snails examined from flowing and static index sites, respectively. However, 89 infected snails of 16,602 examined (0.54%) were found from additional sites. Sentinel snails examined between March 1974 and October 1977 revealed no infections and their use was discontinued. Following an increase in transmission, routine focal mollusciciding at 4-weekly intervals was introduced in March 1980. The cost for eight applications was US $641, representing a cost per caput of $0.21. These figures, extrapolated to a full year's control, become $1,042 and $0.35, respectively. The maximum cost was for the molluscicide, which absorbed 71.5% of the total. The data suggest that the main transmission of S. mansoni occurs in the dry season, in flowing habitats, as it does elsewhere in St. Lucia.

  1. Evaluation of chemotherapy in the control of Schistosoma mansoni in Marquis Valley, Saint Lucia. I. Results in humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, P; Bartholomew, R K; Grist, E; Auguste, E

    1982-01-01

    Hycanthone at a dose of 2.5 mg kg body weight was given in 1973 and 1974 to persons found by a sedimentation concentration technique to be excreting Schistosoma mansoni eggs. In a further two campaigns oxamniquine was used (15 mg/kg body weight). The last treatment was given after the 1976 survey and stools of children were re-examined annually but not further treatment was planned. In six villages prevalence remained low, at 4%, 4 years later, in two it increased to 10%, and in two others after 3 years it was 23% and further treatment was offered. Factors affecting renewed transmission and the rate prevalence builds up were investigated and found to be low attendance rate for treatment, greater use of the river water and, possibly, infected immigrants. But if prevalence builds up slowly, retreatment may be necessary only every 3-4 years at an estimated annual cost of 40 cents per person protected.

  2. Q. Shen1, X. Chen1, Jiyune Yi2, DR Jiang1 & YJ Yun3

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    imately six months to cover the 2-yr pulsation cycle of VX Sgr. We used a special phase referencing ... but the υ = 2 line has relatively few maser features, most of which reside in the. Southern and Northern parts. ... stronger masers of both the lines appear, among which the main features reside in the inner shell and show ...

  3. Reworked crustal of early Paleozoic WuYi Orogen revealed by receiver function data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Y.; Duan, Y.; Tian, X.; Zhao, Y.

    2017-12-01

    Intraplate orogenic belt, which occurs at the rigid and undeformable plate interiors, is a distinct new type of orogen rather than an interplate or plate marginal orogenic belt, whose deformation occurs exclusively at plate margins. Therefore, intraplate orogenic belts are the most obvious exception to the plate-tectonic paradigm, they are uncommon in Earth's history. The early Paleozoic Wuyi orogen in South China is one of the few examples of intraplate orogen, and is a key to understanding the process of intraplate orogenesis and global early Paleozoic geodynamics. In this study, we select teleseismic records from 45 mobile linear seismic stations deployed in Wuyi Mountain and 58 permanent stations setting in Jiangxi and Fujian provinces, from January 2011 to December 2012, and calculate the crustal thickness and average crustal Vp/Vs ratio using the H-κ stacking method. The main results include the following: 1) the crustal average Poission's ratio shows an increase tendency from land to sea, the interior of Wuyi orogen belt with an low ration less than 0.23, and the coastline with high ration which is up to 0.28, which indicate a very heterogeneous crustal structure and composition in Wuyi orogen and coast belt. 2) the crustal thickness ranges 28-34 km and shows a tendency of thinning from inland to coast in the region of SE China margin, which maight mean the eastern Eurasia lithospheric is extension and thinning induced by the subducted paleo-Pacific slab. To conclusion, we assume that Wuyi orogen experienced upper crustal thickening, lower crust and lithosphere delamination during the early Paleozoic orogeny, and lithosphere extension in Mesozoic. This research is founded by the Natural Science Foundation of China (41174052 and 41604048).

  4. Neuropeptide Y binding sites in rat brain identified with purified neuropeptide Y-I125

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Walker, M.W.; Miller, R.J.

    1986-01-01

    Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a widely distributed neuronally localized peptide with 36 amino acids, 5 of which are tyrosines. The authors wished to investigate the properties of specific receptors for NPY. They therefore labeled the tyrosines with I125 using chloramine T and then purified the peptide using HPLC. A single mono-iodinated species of NPY which yielded > 85% specific binding in rat forebrain synaptosomes was selected as the ligand for all subsequent experiments. A time course of binding showed that equilibrium conditions were reached in 60 minutes at 21 0 C. Scatchard plots revealed a single class of binding sites with a Kd and a Bmax of 3 x 10-10 M and 28 pmol/mg, respectively. Competition binding with unlabeled NPY showed 50% displacement of bound ligand at 1 x 10-10 M NPY. Competition binding with rat pancreatic polypeptide (RPP), a homologous peptide possessing little NPY-like activity, showed 50% displacement of bound ligand at 2 x 10 -7 M RPP. No binding was observed on F-11 or PC12 neuronal cell lines, or on HSWP fibroblast cells. They conclude that NPY-I125 purified to homogeneity with HPLC is a highly selective ligand for NPY receptor sites. They are currently investigating such sites in brain, gut, and other tissues

  5. Computational Thermodynamics of Materials Zi-Kui Liu and Yi Wang

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Devanathan, Ram

    2017-02-01

    This authoritative volume introduces the reader to computational thermodynamics and the use of this approach to the design of material properties by tailoring the chemical composition. The text covers applications of this approach, introduces the relevant computational codes, and offers exercises at the end of each chapter. The book has nine chapters and two appendices that provide background material on computer codes. Chapter 1 covers the first and second laws of thermodynamics, introduces the spinodal as the limit of stability, and presents the Gibbs-Duhem equation. Chapter 2 focuses on the Gibbs energy function. Starting with a homogeneous system with a single phase, the authors proceed to phases with variable compositions, and polymer blends. The discussion includes the contributions of external electric and magnetic fields to the Gibbs energy. Chapter 3 deals with phase equilibria in heterogeneous systems, the Gibbs phase rule, and phase diagrams. Chapter 4 briefly covers experimental measurements of thermodynamic properties used as input for thermodynamic modeling by Calculation of Phase Diagrams (CALPHAD). Chapter 5 discusses the use of density functional theory to obtain thermochemical data and fill gaps where experimental data is missing. The reader is introduced to the Vienna Ab Initio Simulation Package (VASP) for density functional theory and the YPHON code for phonon calculations. Chapter 6 introduces the modeling of Gibbs energy of phases with the CALPHAD method. Chapter 7 deals with chemical reactions and the Ellingham diagram for metal-oxide systems and presents the calculation of the maximum reaction rate from equilibrium thermodynamics. Chapter 8 is devoted to electrochemical reactions and Pourbaix diagrams with application examples. Chapter 9 concludes this volume with the application of a model of multiple microstates to Ce and Fe3Pt. CALPHAD modeling is briefly discussed in the context of genomics of materials. The book introduces basic thermodynamic concepts clearly and directs readers to appropriate references for advanced concepts and details of software implementation. The list of references is quite comprehensive. The authors make liberal use of diagrams to illustrate key concepts. The two Appendices at the end discuss software requirements and the file structure, and present templates for special quasi-random structures. There is also a link to download pre-compiled binary files of the YPHON code for Linux or Microsoft Windows systems. The exercises at the end of the chapters assume that the reader has access to VASP, which is not freeware. Readers without access to this code can work on a limited number of exercises. However, results from other first principles codes can be organized in the YPHON format as explained in the Appendix. This book will serve as an excellent reference on computational thermodynamics and the exercises provided at the end of each chapter make it valuable as a graduate level textbook. Reviewer: Ram Devanathan is Acting Director of Earth Systems Science Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA.

  6. Is patient-centredness in European hospitals related to existing quality improvement strategies? Analysis of a cross-sectional survey (MARQuIS study)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groene, O.; Lombarts, M. J. M. H.; Klazinga, N.; Alonso, J.; Thompson, A.; Suñol, R.

    2009-01-01

    Background: There is growing recognition of patients' contributions to setting objectives for their own care, improving health outcomes and evaluating care. Objective: To quantify the extent to which European hospitals have implemented strategies to promote a patient-centred approach, and to assess

  7. Doğru Bilgi, Sanal Gerçeklik, İyi Kütüphanecilik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Tayfun Gülle

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Departing from the idea that internet, which has become a deep information tunnel, is causing a problem in access to “accurate information”, it is expressed that societies are imprisoned within the world of “virtual reality” with web 2.0/web 3.0 technologies and social media applications. In order to diagnose this problem correctly, the media used from past to present for accessing information are explained shortly as “social tools.” Furthermore, it is emphasised and summarised with an editorial viewpoint that the means of reaching accurate information can be increased via the freedom of expression channel which will be brought forth by “good librarianship” applications. IFLA Principles of Freedom of Expression and Good Librarianship is referred to at the end of the editorial.

  8. IFLA- Ülkelerin En İyi On Resimli Çocuk Kitapları Listesi Projesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhittin Gürbüz

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available IFLA Çocuklar ve Genç Yetişkinler Bölümü, her ülkenin kütüphanecileri tarafından belirlenen en iyi on resimli kitap, The World Through Picture Books1 projesini 2011 yılında başlatmış bulunmaktadır. Şimdiye kadar 36 ülkenin yer aldığı projeye, Türkiye 37. ülke olarak katılmıştır. Proje çerçevesinde, Türkiye’deki tüm kütüphaneciler tarafından, elektronik oylama yöntemiyle en iyi on resimli çocuk kitabı seçilmiştir. Bu makalede, projenin yayınlanan elektronik kataloğundan yararlanılarak, proje hakkında bilgi verilmekte ve Türkiye için hazırlanan en iyi on resimli kitap projesi tanıtılmaktadır.

  9. 圖書館事業與交流/Location Choice Patterns of Computer Use in the United States/Zhixian Yi; Philip Q. Yang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhixian Yi; Philip Q. Yang Zhixian Yi; Philip Q. Yang

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available There is little research on the patterns of computer use outside home or work. This study examines who is more or less likely to use a computer at a location other than work or home by using the 2002–2004 General Social Survey data and logistic regression analysis. Demographic variables (such as age, race, marital status, and region, socioeconomic status (such as education and family income, self employment, and satisfaction with financial situation are significant predictors of computer use at locations other than home or work; but occupation and gender make no difference. The findings will help institutions to provide computer infrastructure support and services for customers in public places, and especially help schools and libraries to improve computer labs and services. 過去在探討非居家或上班電腦使用地點的研究微之又微。本文針對2002-2004 年總體社會調查資料進行對數回歸分析,分析更可能或不可能在家外或工作外使用電腦的族群。研究結果顯示,人口變量如年齡、種族、婚姻狀況、地區,社經地位(教育程度、家庭收入),是否自謀職業,是否對財政狀況滿意等,為解釋是否在家外或工作外使用電腦的有效自變量,然而職業和性別的影響則不顯著。本研究結果對於社會機構在公共場所提供計算機基礎設施和服務,以及對學校和圖書館改善電腦使用室及服務具有參考價值。 頁次:116-130

  10. Feng xian tai du yu jiao yu he zhi ye xuan ze xing wei: yi ge shi yan fang fa de yan jiu an li

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ding, X.; Sun, Y.; Hartog, J.

    2009-01-01

    An experimental study on risk attitude and choice behavior of education and career This paper introduces a research on risk attitude and choice behavior of education and career. Using the experimental methods, this study focuses on testing the reliability and validity of risk attitude measurement.

  11. En İyi İçerik Pazarlama: THY’den Örnekler = Best Content Marketing Cases From Turkish Airlines

    OpenAIRE

    Durceylan, Ayşe Nur

    2016-01-01

    Ayşe Nur Durceylan; Üretim Yönetimi ve Pazarlama eğitiminden sonra, Pazarlama üzerine yükseklisans yapan Durceylan, Turkcell ve Eti'de stajını tamamlamasının ardından Türk Hava Yolları'nda Performans ve İş Geliştirme alanında uzman olarak çalışmaya başlamıştır. 2 yıllık bu deneyiminin ardından, 2012 başında THY'de İnteraktif Pazarlama ve İletişim Müdürlüğü'nde Uzman olarak iş hayatına devam etmeye başlayan Durceylan halen bu görevini devam ettirmektedir. Şu anda Asya ve Uzakdoğu bölgesinde s...

  12. Accurate Information, Virtual Reality, Good Librarianship Doğru Bilgi, Sanal Gerçeklik, İyi Kütüphanecilik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Tayfun Gülle

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Departing from the idea that internet, which has become a deep information tunnel, is causing a problem in access to “accurate information”, it is expressed that societies are imprisoned within the world of “virtual reality” with web 2.0/web 3.0 technologies and social media applications. In order to diagnose this problem correctly, the media used from past to present for accessing information are explained shortly as “social tools.” Furthermore, it is emphasised and summarised with an editorial viewpoint that the means of reaching accurate information can be increased via the freedom of expression channel which will be brought forth by “good librarianship” applications. IFLA Principles of Freedom of Expression and Good Librarianship is referred to at the end of the editorial.

  13. Reply to Cen LiXiang, Li XinQi, and Yan YiJing: No adiabatic conditional geometrical phase shift

    OpenAIRE

    Xiangbin, Wang

    2002-01-01

    Much long before the appearing time of the Comment by Cen, Li, and Yan,, the main issue addresed there by Cen et al had been resolved already. The information offered by the Comment is selective and misleading.

  14. On the Level of Performance of Selected Link Functions in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-12-01

    Dec 1, 2012 ... the response variable in models to facilitate inference on poverty. The results of the study .... We treat yi as a realization of a random variable Yi. In the general linear model we assume that Yi has a normal distribution with mean µi and variance. 2 σ ,. i.e., Yi ~ N (µi, ... binomial, Poisson, exponential, gamma,.

  15. On how to interpret the role of the future within the abortion debate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Di Nucci, Ezio

    2009-01-01

    In a previous paper, I had argued that Strong's counterexamples to Marquis's argument against abortion-according to which terminating fetuses is wrong because it deprives them of a valuable future-fail either because they have no bearing on Marquis's argument or because they make unacceptable...

  16. Ergenlerin Öznel İyi Oluşlarıyla Aile Ortamları Arasındaki İlişkinin İncelenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    ERYILMAZ, Yrd. Doç. Dr. Ali

    2011-01-01

    The Relationship Between Adolescents’ Subjective Well-Being and Family EnvironmentThis study examines the association between family environment and subjective well-being among Turkish adolescents. The participants of the study include a total of 252 adolescents (128 male and 124 female). The ages of them range between 14 and 17. The data of the study were obtained through the use of the Adolescents’ Subjective Well-Being Scale and Family Environment Scale. The data were analyzed through usin...

  17. Beş Faktör Kişilik Özellikleri ve Öznel İyi Oluş = The Five Factor Personality Traits and Subjective Well-Being

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tayfun DOĞAN

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to analyze the relations between personality traits and subjective well-being. The number of the participants of the research was 234 (98 women/136 men. The age range of the study group was 18-61. The Oxford Happiness Scale-Short Form and the Big Five Personality Scale were used. Findings showed that there was a significantly negative relationship between neurotic personality trait and subjective well-being. Findings also revealed that there were positive relationships between subjective well-being and extraversion, conscientiousness, agreeableness, openness. Besides, it was found that neurotic personality trait was a negative and extraversion was a positive predictor of subjective well-being.

  18. Screening bioactive quality control markers of QiShenYiQi dripping pills based on the relationship between the ultra-high performance liquid chromatography fingerprint and vascular protective activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuo, Limeng; Peng, Jingjing; Zhao, Yunli; Li, Dongxiang; Xie, Xiuman; Tong, Ling; Yu, Zhiguo

    2017-10-01

    Traditional Chinese medicine consists of complex phytochemical constituents. Selecting appropriate analytical markers of traditional Chinese medicine is a critical step in quality control. Currently, the combination of fingerprinting and efficacy evaluation is considered as a useful method for screening active ingredients in complex mixtures. This study was designed to develop an orthogonal partial least squares model for screening bioactive quality control markers of QishenYiqi dripping pills based on the fingerprint-efficacy relationship. First, the chemical fingerprints of 49 batches of QishenYiqi dripping pill samples were established by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with a photodiode array detector. Second, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry was exploited to systematically investigate the 36 copossessing fingerprint components in QishenYiqi dripping pills. The vascular protective activity of QishenYiqi dripping pills was determined by using a cell counting kit-8 assay. Finally, fingerprint-efficacy relationship was established by orthogonal partial least squares model. The results indicated that ten components exhibited strong correlation with vascular protective activity, and these were preliminarily screened as quality control markers. The present study provided a novel idea for the study of the pharmacodynamic material basis and quality evaluation of QishenYiqi dripping pills. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  19. Türkiye'de Halk Kütüphaneleri Bölge Seminerleri: "İyi Uygulama Örneği" Olarak Bir Deneyimin Değerlendirilmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bülent Yılmaz

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, Türkiye 'deki halk kütüphanelerinde çalışan kütüphaneci ve yöneticiler için 2006-2007 yıllarında Türk Kütüphaneciler Derneği, Goethe- Insitut ve Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlığı Kütüphaneler ve Yayımlar Genel Müdürlüğü tarafından düzenlenen bölge seminerleri değerlendirilmiştir. Bu bağlamda, önce, seminerler süreci özetlenmiş, seminerlerin hedef, kapsam, yöntem ve organizasyon yapıları ele alınmıştır. Daha sonra, seminer katılımcılarına uygulanan anket ile elde edilen veriler irdelenmiştir. Sonuçta, çalışan halk kütüphanecisi ve yöneticilerinin yaklaşık %25 'ine ulaşıldığı 9 bölge seminerinin Türk halk kütüphanecileri için son derece katkı sağlayıcı olduğu ve hizmet içi eğitim konusunda ciddi gereksinimleri bulunduğu anlaşılmıştır.

  20. Öznel İyi Oluşun Yapısı ve Anababa Tutumları, Özsaygı Ve Sosyal Destekle İlişkisi: Bir Model Sınaması

    OpenAIRE

    Türkmen, Mustafa

    2012-01-01

    In this study, it is aimed to test the structure formed by some variables that might influence the formation of subjective well-being as a whole (or as a model). When searching answers to research questions consulted to structural equation modeling techniques. The research group is determined as 369 students training at the Faculty of Educational Sciences of Ankara University. Results of analysis of data showed that the structure which relays in the first model is supported as a whole. It is ...

  1. YEREL TARİH SOSYAL BİLGİLER/TARİH ÖĞRETİM PROGRAMLARINDA YER ALMALI MIDIR?: "MALATYALI OLMAK" İLE "MALATYA’YI BİLMEK" AYNI ŞEY MİDİR?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yücel KABAPINAR

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Sosyal Bilgiler/Tarih dersleri kapsamında yerel tarih çalışmaları, yeni bir kavram olarak 2005 yılı sonrası öğretim programıyla gündeme gelmiştir. Ancak yerel tarih çalışmalarının okul boyutunda işlevsel olduğunu söylemek çok da olanaklı değildir. Peki, yerel tarih gerçekten gerekli midir, ihtiyaç mıdır? Bu araştırmada “yerel tarih, Sosyal Bilgiler ve Tarih öğretim programlarında yer almalı mıdır” sorusuna öğrenci ve öğretmen görüşleri çerçevesinde cevap aranmıştır. Nitel araştırma tasarımı kullanılan bu çalışmada, katılımcıların seçiminde amaçlı örneklem seçiminden yararlanılmıştır. Verilerin toplanmasında yarı yapılandırılmış görüşme ile anket formu kullanılmıştır. Bu kapsamda Malatya ilinde görev yapan 5 Sosyal Bilgiler ve 5 Tarih öğretmeniyle görüşme yapılmıştır. Malatya’da öğrenim görmekte olan 10 ortaokul ve 10 lise son sınıf öğrencisine de anket uygulanmıştır. Elde edilen verilerin çözümlenmesinde içerik analizi yöntemi kullanılmıştır.  Öğrencilerin yaşadıkları şehrin tarihi, kültürel özelliklerine ilişkin yeterli düzeyde bilgi sahibi olmadıkları ulaşılan genel sonuçlardan biridir. Çalışmaya katılan öğretmenler de yerel tarihin öğretim programlarında yer alması gerektiğinin altını çizmişlerdir.Anahtar Kelimeler: Yerel tarih, Sosyal Bilgiler Öğretimi, Tarih ÖğretimiSHOULD LOCAL HISTORY HAVE A PLACE in SOCIAL STUDIES/HISTORY PROGRAMME? IS IT SAME “TO BE FROM MALATYA” and “TO KNOW ABOUT MALATYA”?Abstract: Local history studies within the framework of Social Studies/History courses have emerged as a new concept after the new teaching programme launched in 2005. To date it appears that local history has not been widely used in school settings. The question whether the local history studies are of importance and necessity in learning and teaching Social Studies/History needs to be illuminated. The basic motive of the present study is to answer whether local history has a place in the social studies and history curricula. This question motivated the present study. The study was designed in the line of constructivist orientation where qualitative research design was adopted. Social Studies and History teachers and their students participated in the study. Participants were selected on the basis of purposeful sampling. A questionnaire was designed and distributed to secondary (n= 10 and high school students (n= 10. Semi-structured interview form was another research instrument. Social Studies (n= 5 and History teachers (n= 5 working at schools located in Malatya were interviewed. Content analysis were benefitted in analyzing the written and verbal data obtained through questionnaire and interview protocols. The results of analysis revealed that students do have limited and superficial knowledge about the city in which they live. According to the findings majority of the Social Studies and History teachers verbalized that the local history is an important concept and should have a room in the curriculum.  Keywords: Local History, Teaching Social Studies, Teaching History

  2. Broadening the future of value account of the wrongness of killing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Di Nucci, Ezio

    2015-01-01

    On Don Marquis's future of value account of the wrongness of killing, 'what makes it wrong to kill those individuals we all believe it is wrong to kill, is that killing them deprives them of their future of value'. Marquis has recently argued for a narrow interpretation of his future of value...... account of the wrongness of killing and against the broad interpretation that I had put forward in response to Carson Strong. In this article I argue that the narrow view is problematic because it violates some basic principles of equality and because it allows for some of the very killing that Marquis...

  3. Nástin Sadovy politické filosofie

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Fulka, Josef

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 62, č. 1 (2014), s. 19-37 ISSN 0015-1831 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : political philosophy * emancipation * enlightenment * Marquis de Sade Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  4. 專論/論搜尋引擎以程式在網路上自動抓取資料時可能面臨之法律問題及其解決之道/廖先志;陳鍾誠 | The Possible Legal Issues about Crawlers and Their Resolutions/ Hsien-Jyh Liao;Yi-Hsuan Lin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    廖先志、陳鍾誠

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available

    搜尋引擎必須以Crawler程式(又稱spider程式)來自動抓取網頁並建立索引,如果Crawler程式僅僅循著網頁所提供的超連結來搜尋網 頁並抓取內容,稱為一般性的Crawler程式:如果不論網頁是否提供超連結,Crawler程式會自行計算並找到網頁的所有內容並加以抓取,此種 Crawler則稱為深度Crawler。而Crawler抓取網頁內容的步驟可以細分為「取得資料」及「儲存並建立索引」二大步驟。在「取得資料」階段 中,深度Crawler雖然是自行透過演算法來取得網頁的所有內容,但本文認為仍不至於構成非法存取(unauthorized access。此外,不論是一般的Crawler或是深度Crawler,如果取得網頁內容時會耗費網站資源而干擾網站的正常運作,就可能構成如美國 eBdy案中討論的財產侵害(trespass to chattel。在「儲存並建立索引」階段中,原則上應該不會侵害網頁擁有者之重製權,然而、有些搜尋引擎(例如Google將其取得的內容以「庫存 頁面」( Cache的方式允許使用者存取,此時即有爭議發生,但本文以為,由於搜尋引擎的主要目的是在使網路使用者更容易接觸網頁,所以此種「重製」與「散布」 行為原則上應有著作權法「合理使用」原則的適用,故不會構成侵害著作權,但仍應考慮搜尋引擎與原網站之間是否處於競爭關係,以及所抓取之資料量佔原網站之 比例等因素綜合判斷。要解決搜尋引擎與網站間可能發生的法律爭議,除可以強化現行的robot exclusion標準外,網站也可以考慮增強自動過濾Crawler的功能,以杜絕爭議。


    A Search engine uses a crawler (or a spider to retrieve and index web pages. A “general crawler” crawls across the Internet by following only the hyperlinks directly provided by web pages. On the other hand, a “deep crawler” has the capability of retrieving all contents of web pages whether the hyperlinks are available or not. The process of a crawler’s work can be split into two major steps: the “retrieving” step and the “storage and indexing” step. As far as the retrieving step is concerned, even though a deep crawler can generate all URLs by itself, there should not be any unauthorized access at all. However, a crawler, either a general or deep one, will be charged with trespassing to chattel if it interferes in the website, whereas, in the “storage and indexing” step, owners’ copyright of web pages will in principle not be infringed upon by a crawler. Nevertheless, there are controversies about “cache”, which is provided by certain popular search engines, such as Google and Yahoo. Search engines may claim their fair use defense of “cache”, because one of the main goals of search engines is to improve access to information on the internet. Actually, we must consider many factors before we decide whether “cache” is fair or not, for instance, whether there is competition between the search engine and the retrieved web sites; and what percentage of the contents is retrieved by the crawler, etc. To resolve all possible legal conflicts between crawlers and web pages, among several economic resolutions, a newer and complete robot exclusion standard is required. In addition, a self-detecting mechanism adopted by web pages may be even a more powerful one.

    頁次:53-66

  5. 从“辽燕旧界”到“华夷大界”——朝鲜人笔下的山海关意象%From "the Boundary Beween Liao and Yan" to "the Boundary Beween Hua and Yi" : Shanhaiguan as Described by Koreans in the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄普基

    2012-01-01

    明朝时期,朝鲜人并无以山海关为界、关内外华夷不同的“分界”概念。但明清易代,政治局面的巨变促使朝鲜人大大地强化了华夷分界的意识,以致最终认定山海关为明晰的“界线”。具体而言,清时期朝鲜人对关内的种种自然、人文景观往往表现出令人惊叹的宽容和肯定;相反,对关外却持着过于苛刻的否定态度。然而,有趣的是,清时期朝鲜人对关内外分界意识逐渐强化之时,两地的文化差距实际上却在日益缩小。而且,关内永平府与关外辽西之间,其相似性甚至大于差异性。%The concept that Shanhaiguan was the boundary between Chinese and foreigners did not exist at all among Koreans in the Ming Dynasty, but the concept was greatly strengthened but great political changes during the Ming-Qing transition. Koreans was surprisingly tolerant and positive towards the natural and humane landscape inside the Pass, but was overly severe and negative towards the landscape outside the Pass in the Qing Dynasty. Interestingly, the cultural distinction between inside the Pass and outside the Pass was reduced day by day while the boundary conception was gradually being strengthened in the Qing Dynasty, even though the resemblance was more than the distinction between inside the Pass and outside the Pass.

  6. Comment on “Observations of ammonia, nitric acid, and fine particles in a rural gas production region” by Yi Li, Florian M. Schwandnera, H. James Sewell, Angela Zivkovich, Mark Tigges, Suresh Raja, Stephen Holcomb, John V. Molenar, Lincoln Sherman, Cassie Archuleta, Taehyoung Lee and Jeffrey L. Collett Jr. Atmospheric Environment (in press)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Gavin J.

    2014-05-01

    An artefact of the detection of nitric acid (HNO3) by denuder methods is discussed. This artefact arises from the likely reaction of dinitrogen pentoxide (N2O5) on the denuder train resulting in the report of some fraction of N2O5 as HNO3.

  7. Effect of HALS and antioxidant on the radiation-induced discoloration of polypropylene

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Huiliang; Kong Xiangbo; Chen Wenxiu

    1999-01-01

    The effects of hindered amine light stabilizers (HALS), antioxidants and the combination of HALS and antioxidants on the radiation-induced discoloration of polypropylene (PP) are studied. The yellow index (YI) of PP added pentamethyl HALS is found to be lower than that of PP added corresponding tetramethyl HALS at the same radiation dose. The YI of PP added antioxidant Irganox 1076 is lower than that of PP added Irgafos 168 or Irganox PS-802. When Irganox 1076 and PDS are used together, the YI of PP is lower than that of Irganox 1076 or PDS used separately. YI of PP decreases with storage time after irradiation. The results are discussed

  8. A non-LEA sofic group

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ADITI KAR

    show that the class of LEA groups is not closed under taking free products with infinite cyclic amalgamations. c Indian ... Note that Yi/Z is a divisible group and so Yi = (Yi ∩ H )Z giving that [Y1 : (Y1 ∩ H)] = [Z: (Z ∩ H)] = [Y2 : (Y2 ∩ H)] = a, say. The integer a is coprime to p and H ∩ Yi = fi ◦ y(aZ[ 1 p ]). Define βi = fi(y(a p. )) ...

  9. Pornographie ist langweilig! Die „Lustmaschinen“ der Philosophie Pornography is Boring! Philosophical “Machines of Desire”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascal Eitler

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Die vorliegende Studie bietet eine überaus ambitionierte philosophische Erörterung der Problematik des modernen Subjekts und seiner Beziehung zur Pornographie. Svenja Flaßpöhler widmet sich in diesem Zusammenhang insbesondere dem Werk des Marquis de Sade und setzt dieses in Beziehung zur aufgeklärten Selbstreflexion einerseits und zum Pornofilm der Gegenwart anderseits.The study at hand is a very ambitious philosophical exposition on the modern subject in relation to pornography. It approaches specifically the work of the Marquis de Sade and places it in relation to enlightened reflections on the self and to contemporary porno films.

  10. QING YING LIU

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. QING YING LIU. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 40 Issue 7 December 2017 pp 1329-1333. Synthesis and enhanced photocatalytic activity of g-C 3 N 4 hybridized CdS nanoparticles · QING YING LIU YI LING QI YI FAN ZHENG XU CHUN SONG.

  11. North Korean Civil-Military Trends: Military-First Politics to a Point

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    to the Great Leader. Yi Yong Mu. The NDC’s impact on the formal leadership lineup was made clear by 2001, when Yi Yong Mu, vice chairman of the NDC...to be restricted, as are career bonds that could come about between officers through sequential appointments to same commands. • First time

  12. China's 'recycling economy'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, Camilla

    2009-01-01

    Climate change and sustainability are hot topics in China, but it is hard to find research addressing the outcomes of Education for Sustainable Development, says Associate Professor Yi Jin.......Climate change and sustainability are hot topics in China, but it is hard to find research addressing the outcomes of Education for Sustainable Development, says Associate Professor Yi Jin....

  13. Components of non-anthocyanin phenolic compounds in wines of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Zuo Shan Yi, Zuo Shan Er, Shuang Hong, Shuang You and Shuang Feng) of Vitis amurensis and two hybrid cultivars (Zuo Hong Yi and Zuo You Hong) were examined by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem ...

  14. Trilingual Education in China: Perspectives from a University Programme for Minority Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jie; Edwards, Viv

    2017-01-01

    Attention to trilingual education programmes in China has tended to focus on basic education; there had been little attention to date on the higher education sector. This paper will attempt to bridge this gap by exploring a Yi-English-Chinese trilingual education programme through case studies of three Yi students, using the "River of…

  15. Proof of the insecurity of quantum secret sharing based on the Smolin bound entangled states

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ya-Fei, Yu; Zhi-Ming, Zhang

    2009-01-01

    This paper reconsiders carefully the possibility of using the Smolin bound entangled states as the carrier for sharing quantum secret. It finds that the process of quantum secret sharing based on Smolin states has insecurity though the Smolin state was reported to violate maximally the two-setting Bell-inequality. The general proof is given. (general)

  16. Virtual Worlds: A New Opportunity for People with Lifelong Disability?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stendal, Karen; Balandin, Susan; Molka-Danielsen, Judith

    2011-01-01

    Virtual worlds, such as Second Life[R], are the latest star in the online communication sky. Created by Linden Lab, Second Life is a three-dimensional environment that provides a context for avatars to communicate and socialise with other avatars in a variety of settings (Bell, 2009). Virtual worlds have been used to train people with intellectual…

  17. Graphical User Interfaces and Library Systems: End-User Reactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zorn, Margaret; Marshall, Lucy

    1995-01-01

    Describes a study by Parke-Davis Pharmaceutical Research Library to determine user satisfaction with the graphical user interface-based (GUI) Dynix Marquis compared with the text-based Dynix Classic Online Public Access Catalog (OPAC). Results show that the GUI-based OPAC was preferred by endusers over the text-based OPAC. (eight references) (DGM)

  18. 77 FR 58035 - Protection of Stratospheric Ozone: Listing of Substitutes for Ozone-Depleting Substances-Fire...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-19

    ... not intended to be exhaustive, but rather a guide regarding entities likely to be regulated by this... provide the Agency with the producer's unpublished health and safety studies on such substitutes. Outreach.... Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United...

  19. Abortion: Strong's counterexamples fail

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Di Nucci, Ezio

    2009-01-01

    This paper shows that the counterexamples proposed by Strong in 2008 in the Journal of Medical Ethics to Marquis's argument against abortion fail. Strong's basic idea is that there are cases--for example, terminally ill patients--where killing an adult human being is prima facie seriously morally...

  20. Differentiating between hospitals according to the "maturity'' of quality improvement systems: a new classification scheme in a sample of European hospitals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lombarts, M. J. M. H.; Rupp, I.; Vallejo, P.; Klazinga, N. S.; Suñol, R.

    2009-01-01

    Aim: This study, part of the Methods of Assessing Response to Quality Improvement Strategies (MARQuIS) research project focusing on cross-border patients in Europe, investigated quality policies and improvement in healthcare systems across the European Union (EU). The aim was to develop a

  1. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The Calculus of Chance: "Interest in probability grew, encouraged by the research~s of. & such eminent mathematicians as Leibniz, James Bernoulli, De Moivre, Euler, the MarquIS de. I. "Condorcet, and above all, Laplace. The latter's epochal work on the analytic theory of probability brought the calculus to the point where ...

  2. Implementation of patient safety and patient-centeredness strategies in Iranian hospitals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aghaei Hashjin, Asgar; Kringos, Dionne S.; Manoochehri, Jila; Ravaghi, Hamid; Klazinga, Niek S.

    2014-01-01

    To examine the extent of implementation for patient safety (PS) and patient-centeredness (PC) strategies and their association with hospital characteristics (type, ownership, teaching status, annual evaluation grade) in Iran. A cross-sectional study through an adapted version of the MARQuIS

  3. Divan Şiirinde Mitolojik ve Efsanevî Şahısların Kullanımına İyi Bir Örnek: Nev’izâde Atâyî Divanı A Good Example To The Use Of Mythological And Legendary Figures In Divan Poetry: Divan Of Nev'izâde Atâyî

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Halil ERZEN

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available "Mythology" in terms of the place in classical Turkish poetry, itsshape of handling and the contribution to the world of the poet'simagination draws attention as an important source that feeds thispoetry tradition. The poets of Divan have especially been influenced byPersian mythology; they have benefited from the opportunities that theold narratives offered while trying to catch the original expressions.Divan of Nev'izâde Atâyî that we have handled in this study has been agood example to to be the source for the divan poetry of mythology. Agreat number of mythological and legendary figures that we cameacross their use in the work, the imagination that the poet has wovenaround these names and his skill in handling these elements, oldnarrative in the tradition of classical Turkish poetry and richness ofmeaning created by individuals provide us significant informations. Theheroes with the source of Sehnâme referred in many couplets or thefigures whose origins are Arab and Greek have offered newopportunities for the poet in terms of strengthening the neededimagination and the possibility of expression. The semantic implicationsthat the people who took place in the work and the motives carried tothe poetry also have revealed the cultural richness of classical Turkishpoetry. In this case, the examination of Divan of Nev'izâde Atâyî interms of the handling of the mythological - legendary - historicalpersonalities will provide an opportunity to illustrate an importantaspect of the Klassical Turkish poetry. Because this work is seen tocontain quite rich material to exemplify the uses of intertextualparticularly on behalf of individuals. In the line with the poetization ofnew and original dreams, how Atâyî evaluated these figures and alsowith what aspects he interpreted is just possible with sorting andanalysis of this material. Klasik Türk şiirindeki yeri, ele alınış şekli ve şairin hayal dünyasına katkısı bakımından “mitoloji” bu şiir geleneğini besleyen önemli bir kaynak olarak dikkat çeker. Divan şairleri bilhassa Fars mitolojisinden etkilenmiş; orijinal ifadeler yakalamaya çalışırken eski anlatıların sunduğu olanaklardan yararlanmışlardır. Bu çalışmada ele aldığımız Nev’izâde Atâyî Divanı, mitolojinin divan şiirine kaynaklık etmesine iyi bir misal oluşturur. Eserde kullanımına rastladığımız mitolojik ve efsanevi şahsiyetlerin sayıca çokluğu, şairin bu isimler etrafında ördüğü imgelem ve söz konusu unsurları işlemedeki becerisi, Klasik Türk şiir geleneğinde eski anlatı ve şahısların yarattığı mânâ zenginliği konusunda bize dikkate değer bilgiler vermektedir. Birçok beyitte gönderme yapılan Şehnâme kaynaklı kahramanlar ya da Arap ve Yunan kökenli şahsiyetler, ihtiyaç duyulan hayal gücünü pekiştirmekte ve ifade imkânı bakımından şaire yeni olanaklar sunmaktadır. Eserde yer verilen kişi ve motiflerin şiire taşıdığı anlamsal açılımlar, Klasik Türk şiirinin kültürel zenginliğini de ayrıca ortaya koymaktadır. Bu durumda Nev’izâde Atâyî Divanı'nın mitolojik - efsanevi - tarihi kişiliklerin ele alınışı bakımından incelenmesi, Klasik Türk şiirini mühim bir yönüyle gözler önüne sermek fırsatı sağlayacaktır. Çünkü bu eserin, bilhassa şahıslar üzerinden metinler arası kullanımları örneklendirmek adına oldukça zengin malzemeyi ihtiva ettiği görülmektedir. Yeni ve orijinal hayallerin şiirleştirilmesi doğrultusunda Atâyî'nin söz konusu şahsiyetleri nasıl değerlendirdiği ve hangi yönleriyle yorumladığı da ancak bu malzemenin tasnif ve tahliliyle mümkündür.

  4. Calculating the variance and prediction intervals for estimates obtained from allometric relationships

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Nickless, A

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available that across the range of x values, the variability in the error does not change (i.e. no heteroscedasticity). Often the power function in allometry is used: y = axbε This can be converted to: ln(yi) = β0 + β1 ln(xi) + εi The above assumptions now apply... to the regression relationship with the logged variables. Therefore ln(yi) is assumed to be normally distributed with mean µ=β0+β1 ln(xi) and variance σ2*. From regression theory it is known that the expected value (e) and variance (Var) of ln(yi) is given by...

  5. Cloning and characterization of the densoviruses susceptible gene ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2010-06-21

    Jun 21, 2010 ... was located on genetic linkage 15 (Qin and Yi, 1996). Li .... The tree distances were generated according to the ClustalW algorithm and the tree was constructed using ... Foundation of China (30871826), China National ''863''.

  6. The investigation of STEM Self-Efficacy and Professional ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Yi-hui Liu. Chung Hsiao Elementary School, Pingtung County, Taiwan ... STEM project-based learning, using social learning theory (SLT) and SCCT as the ..... platform can include media reports and videos about female engineer role models;.

  7. An Investigation of the Interaction between Resazurin and Cd2+ and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NICO

    Yi. * To whom correspondence ... reduction of protonated N-oxide group on the phenoxazin ring. This new irreversible ... resazurin shifted to more positive potential values (about. 50–80 mV) than that of ...

  8. Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

    KAUST Repository

    Ding, I-Kang; Zhu, Jia; Cai, Wenshan; Moon, Soo-Jin; Cai, Ning; Wang, Peng; Zakeeruddin, Shaik M; Grä tzel, Michael; Brongersma, Mark L.; Cui, Yi; McGehee, Michael D.

    2010-01-01

    reflectors, which consist of 2D arrays of silver nanodomes, can enhance absorption through excitation of plasmonic modes and increased light scattering, as reported by Michael D. McGehee, Yi Cui, and co-workers.

  9. Kosmiline eksimus : Vene kapsel kukkus alla vales kohas / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Vene kosmoseaparaat laskus Kasahstanis kavandatud kohast 420 kilomeetri kaugusele, kuid korealasest teadlane Yi So-yeon, ameeriklasest astronaut Peggy A. Whitson ja venelasest pardainsener Juri Malantshenko pääsesid eluga

  10. Effects of Cypermethrin on Condition factor and Organosomatic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    KAMAL

    Keywords: Pollution, Fish, Organosomatic-index, Cypermethrin, Sublethal ... related to muscle and livers energy content (Jones et al., 1999; Lizama et al., 2002; Hasan .... physiology (Yi et al., 2007; Ozer et al., 2008; Mlamboo et al., 2009).

  11. Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge: 2012 Greener Synthetic Pathways Award

    Science.gov (United States)

    Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge 2012 award winner, Codexis and Professor Yi Tang, developed a synthesis for the high cholesterol drug, simvastatin, using an engineered acyltransferase enzyme and a low-cost acyl donor as a feedstock.

  12. When color fails: illicit blue tablets containing anabolic androgen steroids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Favretto, Donata; Castagna, Franca; Maietti, Sergio; Boscolo-Berto, Rafael; Ferrara, Santo Davide

    2013-09-01

    The necessity of specific, confirmatory tests in the identification of seized illicit products was highlighted by the analysis of eighteen heart shaped, blue tablets confiscated by Police at a street control in the North East of Italy. The tablets responded as amphetamines to a preliminary color test (Marquis); a subsequent, confirmatory assay by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry revealed the presence of two anabolic androgen steroids (AAS), methandienone and methyltestosterone, in concentration of 1.7 and 1.5mg respectively per tablet; no trace of amphetamine-like or nitrogen containing compounds was found. The observed orange coloration was due to the reaction of concentrated sulphuric acid, contained in the Marquis reagent, with the Δ(4) C-3 keto group of steroids. The two AAS, banned under the world antidoping code, are not considered as psychoactive drugs of abuse in most countries, although their trafficking may entangle severe public health concerns. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Ethnic Variations in Central Corneal Thickness in a Rural Population in China: The Yunnan Minority Eye Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Pan, Chen-Wei; Li, Jun; Zhong, Hua; Shen, Wei; Niu, Zhiqiang; Yuan, Yuansheng; Chen, Qin

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To describe the ethnic differences in central corneal thickness (CCT) in population-based samples of ethnic Bai, Yi and Han people living in rural China. Methods 6504 adults (2119 ethnic Bai, 2202 ethnic Yi and 2183 ethnic Han) aged 50 years or older participated in the study. Each subject underwent standardized ocular examinations and interviewer-administered questionnaires for risk factor assessment. CCT was measured for both eyes using an ultrasound pachymeter. Regression and princ...

  14. Right Sizing the People’s Liberation Army: Exploring the Contours of China’s Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    Diyuan yu Zhongguo Haijun Jianshe” (“Stratgeic Geography and the Development of China’s Navy”), Shijie Jingji yu Zhengzhi (World Economics and...on conventional [missile forces] (hechang jianbei, yi chang wei zhu ); • Bring out focal points, put priority on quality (tuchu zhongdian, zhiliang...Juece” [“2nd Artillery Command & Control Decision- Making During a Joint Campaign”], Junshi Xueshu, July 2004, p. 65. 30. Shang Yi, “ Zhu Chenghu

  15. Right-Sizing the People’s Liberation Army: Exploring the Contours of China’s Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    yu Zhongguo Haijun Jianshe" ("Stratgeic Geography and the Development of China’s Navy"), Shijie Jingji yu Zhengzhi (World Economics and Politics...They are: "* Maintain conventional and nuclear [missile forces], but put priority on conventional [missile forces] (hechang jianbei, yi chang wei zhu ...Zuozhan Zhihui Juece" [Ŗnd Artillery Command & Control Decision- Making During a Joint Campaign"], Junshi Xueshu, July 2004, p. 65. 30. Shang Yi, " Zhu

  16. Preemptive Approach to Improving Survival in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    Metab 2008;93:3471–7. 692[87] Cho JH, Lee JG, Yang YI, Kim JH, Ahn JH, Baek NI, Lee KT, Choi JH. Eupatilin, a die- 693tary flavonoid , induces G2/M cell...Metab 2008;93:3471–7. 692[87] Cho JH, Lee JG, Yang YI, Kim JH, Ahn JH, Baek NI, Lee KT, Choi JH. Eupatilin, a die- 693tary flavonoid , induces G2/M

  17. 飞落在大山深处的彩虹(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕枫韵; 黄又璜

    2001-01-01

    Yunnan Province has abundant human, social, ecological and geographical resources. Here 26 ethnic cultures live in harmony with each other. Among these cultures the Yi ethnicity has the largest population and the most branches. They have their own language and writing and have developed unique customs and culture. Dresses are an important part of Yi culture. These garments record the history, religion, totems and folk customs

  18. International Expert - OECD/NEA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yi, Yong Sun

    2009-11-01

    This report was prepared to describe the activities of Yongsun Yi as a technical secretary for the Generation IV VHTR (Very High Temperature Reactor) system. The contents of the report are; i) the GIF (Generation IV International Forum); ii) the GIF governance and technical secretariat; iii) the brief description of the VHTR system iv) the activities of Yongsun Yi as the technical secretary for the VHTR system

  19. Feature-Based Methods for Landmine Detection with Ground Penetrating Radar

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-27

    computer networks, Pattern Recognition Letters 24 (12) (2003) 1795–1803. [79] J-C. de Borda, Memoire sur les elections au scrutin, Histoire de l’AcadTmie...élections au scrutin,” Histoire de l’Académie Royale des Sciences, Paris, 1781. 3. Condorcet, M.J.A.N. de Caritat, Marquis de, Essai sur l’application de

  20. Polygons, Stars, and Clusters; an Investigation of Polygon Displays

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    variables were chosen, nine in each case , to give reasonably complex polygons without being too complex. I have seen no reported studies of the relation...Pont. Catalina C Datsun 210, Toyota Corolla, Dodge Colt, Honda Civic, Mazda GLC, Subaru, Ford Fiesta, Plym. Champ Figure 6. Clusters on the basis of...Merc. Marquis, Pont. Catalina, Pont. Grand Prix C Datsun 210, Toyota Corolla, Dodge Colt, Honda Civic, Mazda GLC, Subaru, Ford Fiesta, Plym. Champ

  1. The Italian origins of FAO and Paul Otlet

    OpenAIRE

    Guarasci, Roberto; Taverniti, Maria

    2016-01-01

    Nowadays the strategic role of international organizations, which manage and provide information systems and library services in the agricultural domain, is universally recognized. This paper focuses on the origin of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) by presenting a critical edition of the Rapport by Paul Otlet to the marquis Cappelli, pr?sident de l?Institut International d?Agricolture (Otlet, 1911) that includes original documents and outlines the first steps...

  2. Critical Rare Earths, National Security, and U.S.-China Interactions: A Portfolio Approach to Dysprosium Policy Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    from Donald and Susan Rice , both funds which enabled me to focus on the dissertation. I thank Dean Susan Marquis for her dedication to the growth of...quota of 89,2000 tonnes (Table 2.2). The sprawling black market not only prevents Beijing’s efforts to bring the production under its levers to...yttrium are often used for pigmentation for consumer products such as paint and sunglasses. REE-based lasers are used for cosmetic , epidermal, and

  3. The Horn in seventeenth and eighteenth century France: iconography related to performances and musical works

    OpenAIRE

    Gétreau, Florence

    2006-01-01

    International audience; An analysis of French visual documents from different medium is presented here. Starting about 1650 it begins with horns as symbol of entertainment and hunting pleasure. After its settlement in Versailles, the French Royal Court offers one century long several important evidences of updated practices in the art of hunting. The Influence of the Marquis de Dampierre is then sensible in monumental decorations by official painters giving "reports" of the "Chasses royales"....

  4. Study on radiation discoloration of PE and its mechanisms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Huiliang; Wang Chun; Chen Wenxiu

    2001-01-01

    In order to find the major reason for the radiation discoloration of PE, the changes of yellow index (YI) of HDPE and LDPE under γ irradiation in air or N 2 and after irradiation are measured using colorimeter. The growth and decay of alkyl free radical formed in HDPE and LDPE, and the change of the absorbance of conjugated double bonds formed in PE are measured using ESR and UV-Visible spectrometer. The YI of HDPE is higher than that of LDPE at the same radiation dose. The YI of PE irradiated in air is higher than that of PE irradiated in N 2 at the same radiation dose. The YI of PE irradiated different dose decreases with post-irradiation storage time firstly, up to a certain time, it becomes stable. It is found that the formation and decay of free radicals is very similar to that of the change of YI, whereas, the change of the absorbance of conjugated double bonds formed in PE is different to the change of YI. The results are discussed, it is believed that the major reason for the radiation discoloration is the formation of trapped free radicals

  5. Bell Operator Method to Classify Local Realistic Theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nagata, Koji

    2010-01-01

    We review the historical fact of multipartite Bell inequalities with an arbitrary number of settings. An explicit local realistic model for the values of a correlation function, given in a two-setting Bell experiment (two-setting model), works only for the specific set of settings in the given experiment, but cannot construct a local realistic model for the values of a correlation function, given in a continuous-infinite settings Bell experiment (infinite-setting model), even though there exist two-setting models for all directions in space. Hence, the two-setting model does not have the property that the infinite-setting model has. Here, we show that an explicit two-setting model cannot construct a local realistic model for the values of a correlation function, given in an M-setting Bell experiment (M-setting model), even though there exist two-setting models for the M measurement directions chosen in the given M-setting experiment. Hence, the two-setting model does not have the property that the M-setting model has. (general)

  6. 專論/台灣圖書館史數位圖書館建構之研究/王梅玲;蔡明月;陳志銘;柯雲娥;蔡佳縈;陳勇汀;林怡甄 | A Digital Library Pilot Study on Taiwan Libraries' History / Mei-Ling Wang; Ming-Yueh Tsay; Chih-Ming Chen; Yun-Er Ke; Chia-Ying Tsai; Yong-Ting Chen; Yi-Jen Lin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    王梅玲、蔡明月、陳志銘、柯雲娥、蔡佳縈、陳勇汀、林怡甄

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available

    圖書館是保存與詮釋人類文化重要的機構,1990 年代開始,網際網路的進步,促成數位圖書館蓬勃發展,有人預測它就是未來的圖書館,因此,圖書館界與教育界積極參與相關研究。台灣地區歷經日據時期、重建 時期、成長時期及茁壯時期四階段,建設許多圖書館,有其豐富的主題與素材值得發展成為數位圖書館。政治大學圖書資訊與檔案學研究所有鑑於此,提出「『台灣 百無圖書館史』數位圖書館」的構想,並獲得政大「發展國際一流大學及頂尖研究中心計畫」經費支持。本研究計畫目的包括:(1探索以台彎圖書館事業史為主 題的數位圖書館建構模式;(2建構數位圖書館以支援圖書資訊學教育與研究;(3研訂圖書館事業史料文獻的Metadata與數位資料格式;(4將圖 書文獻與文物數位化以建構數位館藏;(5發展數位圖書館系統與技術;(6研發數位圖書館網站的瀏覽與檢索功能;(7探討數位圖書館支援數位學習的模 式。計畫成果共研訂六種 Metadata標準:建置746筆數位化資料;以Dspace系統平台,依據需求設計台灣百年圖書館史系統架構與網站,最後提出結論與建議。

    Libraries are important social institutions that preserve and communicate human culture and knowledge. From the beginning of 1990s, the digital library has grown up rapidly based on the progress of the Internet. Libraries and educational institutions should be actively involved in digital library research and development. The Taiwan libraries’ history can be divided into four stages: Japanese occupation period, reconstruction period, growth period and strong period. In these processes, many events and libraries with rich materials that can be developed into a digital library. Graduate Institute of Library, Information and Archival Studies, National Chengchi University, planned the Digital Library Pilot Study on Taiwan Libraries’ History and got the university support. The pilot study objectives include: (1 exploring the digital library model on Taiwan libraries' history; (2 constructing digital library to support education and research in information and library science; (3 developing Metadata standards of library documents and heritage; (4 digitalizing documents and heritage to build digital collections (5 developing digital library systems and technology; (6 researching browsing and search functions of the digital library; (7 exploring the model of the digital library supports e-learning. In this pilot study, we developed six Metadata standards, built 746 digital resources, constructed a digital library system and web site, and proposed the conclusions and suggestions finally.

    頁次:15-38

  7. Ethnic Variations in Pterygium in a Rural Population in Southwestern China: The Yunnan Minority Eye Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Hua; Chen, Qin; Li, Jun; Shen, Wei; Sheng, Xun; Niu, Zhiqiang; Zhou, Hua; Wei, Tao; Yuan, Yuansheng; Pan, Chen-Wei

    2016-01-01

    To determine the prevalence and associations of pterygium in a multiethnic adult population in rural China and to examine potential ethnic differences Methods: A total of 6418 adults (2133 ethnic Bai, 2130 ethnic Yi, and 2155 ethnic Han) aged 50 years or older participated in the study. Anterior segment examination was performed without pupil dilation using a slit lamp. Pterygium was defined as a raised fleshy triangular fibrovascular tissue growth of the conjunctiva encroaching onto a clear cornea. Pterygium was least prevalent among adults of Yi ethnicity (29.5%) compared with Bai (39.0%, p ethnicities. Those of Bai ethnicity were most likely to be affected by severe pterygium (7.5%), while Yi were least likely to be affected (3.8%). Multivariate analysis revealed that increasing age (odds ratio, OR, 1.017), female sex (OR 1.53), lower educational level (OR 1.25), higher blood pressure levels (OR 1.002), and greater time spent outdoors per day (OR 1.09) were significantly associated with a higher prevalence of pterygium, while Yi ethnicity (OR 0.65, comparing Yi with Han) and wearing brimmed hats outdoors (OR 0.82) were protective factors. Ethnicity was significantly associated with prevalence of pterygium. Our findings may be applicable to many other countries located within the "pterygium belt" for health resource allocation among different ethnic groups.

  8. Meaningful use of peak particle velocities at excavation surfaces for the optimisation of the rockburst criteria for tunnels and stopes

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Cichowicz, A

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available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

  9. The Effect of Gamma Irradiation on Yellowness Index (Y I) and Mechanical Properties in Plastic Food Packaging

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tanhindarto, Rindy P.; I, Dian

    2002-01-01

    An experiment has been done for measuring the yellowness index (Yi) and mechanical properties at food packaging material was caused by gamma irradiation. The samples were obtained from the manufacture. There were three of samples with types of poly acrylonitrile copolymer, PVdC laminated biaxially oriented polypropylene and poly vinyl chloride films. Samples were irradiated at ambient temperature by gamma rays with the doses of 0 up to 100 kGy. Yellowness Index (Yi) of sample was carried out by using chromameter Hunter Lab system. while mechanical properties measuring by stragraph. The purpose of the present experiment was the yellowness index (Yi) and mechanical properties of food packaging material after and before the irradiation. The effects of I year storage on irradiated and unirradiated samples were also investigated. The results showed that best of three samples of plastic food packaging was poly acrylonitrile copolymer film because the Yellowness Index (Yi) and mechanical properties of poly acrylonitrile copolymer did not give any measurable change on the plastic treated by irradiation up to 100 kGy. Storage for 1 year gave some measurable changes of e Yellowness Index (Yi) and mechanical properties on all the samples examined

  10. Evaluation of drought tolerance and yield capacity of barley (hordeum vulgare) genotypes under irrigated and water-stressed conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khokhar, M.I.; Silva, J.A.T.D

    2012-01-01

    Twelve barley genotypes developed through different selection methods were evaluated under drought and irrigated conditions. The results of a correlation matrix revealed highly significant associations between Grain Yield (Yp) and Mean Productivity (MP), Stress Tolerance Index (STI), Geometric Mean Productivity (GMP) and Yield Index (Yi) under irrigated conditions while the Mean Productivity (MP), Yield Stability Index (Yi), Stress Tolerance Index (STI), Geometric Mean Productivity (GMP) and Yield Index (Yi) had a high response under stressed condition. Based on a principal component analysis, Geometric Mean Productivity (GMP), Mean Productivity (MP) and Stress Tolerance Index (STI) were considered to be the best parameters for selection of drought-tolerant genotypes. The 2-row barley genotypes B-07023 and B-07021 performed better in yield response under drought conditions and were more stable under stress conditions. Furthermore, drought stress reduced the yield of some genotypes while others were tolerant to drought, suggesting genetic variability in this material for drought tolerance. (author)

  11. Optimal spatial sampling scheme to characterize mine tailings

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Debba, Pravesh

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available , the location and the covariates as external drift were used to estimate the heavy metal concentration, E[Z(x)] = b 0 + b1 · xu + b2 · xv + b3 ·GOE(x) + b4 · JAR(x) + b5 · FER(x) + b6 ·HEM(x) (8) +b 7 ·KAO(x) + b8 · COP(x) , S TC P M s S es si on s namely, a first... (4) E[Z(x)] = b 0 + ∑ bi · yi(x) = ∑ bi · yi(x) , i=1 i=0 where y0(x) = 1. The method of merging both sources of information uses {yi(x)} as an external drift function for the estimation of Z(x). The drift of Z(x) is defined externally through...

  12. TRAF4 and Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-15-1-0536 TITLE: TRAF4 and Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Ping Yi CONTRACTING...Castration Resistant prostate cancer 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-15-1-0536 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Ping Yi 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK...to be a critical player in castration-resistant prostate cancers . It was suggested that the function of AR in CRPC is not to turn on the same

  13. Two Enhancements of the Logarithmic Least-Squares Method for Analyzing Subjective Comparisons

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-03-25

    error term. 1 For this model, the total sum of squares ( SSTO ), defined as n 2 SSTO = E (yi y) i=1 can be partitioned into error and regression sums...of the regression line around the mean value. Mathematically, for the model given by equation A.4, SSTO = SSE + SSR (A.6) A-4 where SSTO is the total...sum of squares (i.e., the variance of the yi’s), SSE is error sum of squares, and SSR is the regression sum of squares. SSTO , SSE, and SSR are given

  14. The Role of Histone Demethylase Jmjd3 in Immune-Mediated Aplastic Anemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-16-1-0055 TITLE: The Role of Histone Demethylase Jmjd3 in Immune-Mediated Aplastic Anemia PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Yi...Immune-Mediated Aplastic Anemia 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-16-1-0055 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) Yi Zhang 5d... anemia (AA) is a condition of bone marrow failure (BMF) characterized by blood pancytopenia and BM hypoplasia. In most cases, AA is an immune-mediated

  15. Development of C-lignin with G/S-lignin and lipids in orchid seed coats – an unexpected diversity exposed by ATR-FT-IR spectroscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barsberg, Søren Talbro; Lee, Y.-I.; Rasmussen, Hanne Nina

    2018-01-01

    Cite this article: Barsberg ST, Lee Y-I, Rasmussen HN. Development of C-lignin with G/S-lignin and lipids in orchid seed coats – an unexpected diversity exposed by ATR-FT-IR spectroscopy. Seed Science Research https:// doi.org/10.1017/S0960258517000344......Cite this article: Barsberg ST, Lee Y-I, Rasmussen HN. Development of C-lignin with G/S-lignin and lipids in orchid seed coats – an unexpected diversity exposed by ATR-FT-IR spectroscopy. Seed Science Research https:// doi.org/10.1017/S0960258517000344...

  16. 清末民初における『レ・ミゼラブル』の移入と日本 : 陳景韓訳「哀史之一節逸犯」を例として

    OpenAIRE

    梁, 艶; Liang, Yan

    2011-01-01

    Victor Hugo was introduced into China through his Japanese translations. However, the route of the reception of his masterpiece Les Misérables in China has not yet been explained clearly. In this paper, I will take Ai Shi Zhi Yi Jie Yi Fan, a Chinese translation by Chen Jinghan of a part of Les Misérables, as an example to see how Les Misérables was introduced into China. By examining Japanese translations of Les Misérables, I come to the conclusion that Chen was influenced by Kuroiwa Ruikô's...

  17. Generalized reciprocity principle for discrete symplectic systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Elyseeva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies transformations for conjoined bases of symplectic difference systems $Y_{i+1}=\\mathcal S_{i}Y_{i}$ with the symplectic coefficient matrices $\\mathcal S_i.$ For an arbitrary symplectic transformation matrix $P_{i}$ we formulate most general sufficient conditions for $\\mathcal S_{i},\\, P_{i}$ which guarantee that $P_{i}$ preserves oscillatory properties of conjoined bases $Y_{i}.$ We present examples which show that our new results extend the applicability of the discrete transformation theory.

  18. Microstructural processes in irradiated materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byun, Thak Sang; Kaoumi, Djamel; Bai, Xian-Ming

    2017-12-01

    The 8th symposium on Microstructural Progresses in Irradiated Materials (MPIM) was held at San Diego Convention Center and Marriott Marquis & Marina, San Diego, California, USA, February 26-March 2, 2017, as part of the TMS 2017 146th Annual Meeting and Exhibition. Since 2003, when the first MPIM symposium was held in the same place, the symposium has been held in odd years and has grown to one of the biggest symposia in the TMS Annual Meeting which invites more than sixty symposia. In the 8th MPIM symposium, a total of 106 oral and poster presentations, including 16 invited talks, were delivered for 4 days.

  19. Análisis Morfológico de Patentes para Desarrollar un Producto de Seguridad Vehicular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Ortiz Cantú

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides the basis for technological intelligence for a vehicle safety project, specifically to avoid rear-end collisions between cars. The framework adopts the general model of innovation proposed by Myers and Marquis. A morphological analysis of patents based on keywords was done to find the settings already used (protected in the patents analyzed. By listing the occupied configurations of collected patents, the unoccupied territory of configurations are suggested as technology opportunities. This analysis provides: 1 the state of art and not to reinvent the wheel, 2 avoid infringement to industrial property, and 3 discover white spaces as technological opportunities.

  20. Engage in the Arctic Now or Risk Being Left Out in the Cold: Establishing a JIATF-High North

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-03

    Qin, M. Manning, Z . Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller, eds., IPCC, 2007: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis...article, that “China has sent research vessels to the frozen north. A Chinese research ship, Snow Dragon , paid a surprise visit to Tuktoyuktuk in 1999 [a...with the Arctic Council. The ball has already begun rolling as other nations explore the methods that they will use to secure their interests in the

  1. EDUCAÇÃO COLONIAL EM PERNAMBUCO: UM ESTUDO DE CASO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Gustavo Lima Freire

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to reflect on the colonial education, specifically during the eighteenth century, held in Brazil in the province of Pernambuco. To meet this objective we will use some documents from “Arquivo Histórico Ultramarino” looking for to understand how they can representing the ideas that prevailed during that period. It is intended that context, to understand what were the proposed guidelines for teaching in some indian villages in Pernambuco and how were consistent with the policy of the marquis of Pombal and the foundations of the Enlightenment.

  2. La expulsión de los jesuitas de Portugal en la “era pombalina”

    OpenAIRE

    Vivanco Díaz, Borja

    2014-01-01

    The Jesuits were expelled from Portugal in 1759 as a consequence of Regalian policy of enlightened despotism, which had been wholeheartedly accepted by Marquis of Pombal, prime-minister under the King Joseph I. Accusations of inciting the Guarani people to rise up against “The Treaty of the borders”, on the one hand, and of conspiring in the assassination attempt against King Joseph I, on the other, supported the decision to force the Jesuits into exile. However, neither allegation has been e...

  3. Investigation of Shock Diffusers at Mach Number 1.85. 1 - Projecting Single Shock Cones

    Science.gov (United States)

    1947-06-17

    cylindrical simulated combustion chamber was used to vary the outlet area of the flow through the diffuser. The pitot -static rake, located as shown in the...and II. Proc. Roy. Soc. (London), ser. A, vol. 139, no 838, Feb. 1, 1933, pp. 278-311. 5. Wyatt, DeMarquis D., and Hunczak, Henry R.: An...Simulated combustion u chamber A 90° W •—Conical damper S Static-pressure orifice ps pitot -static ""rake’ NATIONAL ADVISORY

  4. Numerical approach of memory effect on crack closure phenomenon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Billardon, R.; Brunet, M.; Lemaitre, J.

    1981-01-01

    In the case of variable amplitude loading, it is necessary to introduce in the fatigue crack propagation law a parameter accounting for the threshold value of strain energy release rate. In order to relate this threshold to crack closure or crack opening, a finite element procedure has been developed based upon anisotropic elastoplastic constitutive equations (Marquis). This finite element procedure is used for the cyclic elastoplastic analysis of fatigue bending crack tests carried on 2024 aluminium alloy, 2 millimeters thick. The influence of the hardening rule used is studied for the case of one single overload on constant amplitude (0, +) loading. (orig./HP)

  5. Modeling and Prediction of Corrosion-Fatigue Failures in AF1410 Steel Test Specimens

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-12

    1.73 0.330 4140 Bar 110 0.015 0.381 60 28 2.39 2.14 0.848 110 0.015 0.381 53 26 2.39 2.04 0.770 140 0.025 0.635 72 40 2.11 1.80 0.723 237 0.025...Vol. 41, No. 4, of Nov 1999, pp. 277-290. 18. Socie, D.F. and Marquis, G.B., “Multiaxial Fatigue,” SAE International, 2000, p. 351. 19. Myers

  6. Risk and vulnerability to global and climate change in South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Mambo, Julia

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available of working group II to the fifth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [C.B. Field, V. Barros, D.J. Dokken, K.J. Mach, M.D. Mastrandrea, T.E. Bilir et al. (eds)]. Cambridge, UK and New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.... Qin, Z. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. Averyt et al. (eds)]. Cambridge, UK and New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). 2012. Managing the risks of extreme events and disasters to advance...

  7. The treatment of scrofula in Ferrara (Italy) in the 19th century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vicentini, Chiara Beatrice; Altieri, Lorenzo; Guidi, Enrica; Contini, Carlo; Manfredini, Stefano

    2012-06-01

    The therapeutic approaches used against scrofula in the 19th Century in Ferrara are discussed. In the manuscripts and treatises of the time treasured in the town's libraries, hygienic and dietetic rules and treatment of this illness were described. In particular, baths and mineral water spas (sulphurous, ferruginous and other mineral waters, such as a bromo-iodine-salt water) and the sea-bathing establishment were recommended. The remedies reported in Campana's Pharmacopoeia ferrarese and the efficacious treatments employed in St Anna Hospital are discussed. The Committee and its President, Marquis Giovanni Manfredini, decided to cure the scrofulous in bathing establishments.

  8. (188)Re-SSS/Lipiodol: Development of a Potential Treatment for HCC from Bench to Bedside.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lepareur, Nicolas; Ardisson, Valérie; Noiret, Nicolas; Garin, Etienne

    2012-01-01

    Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the 5th most common tumour worldwide and has a dark prognosis. For nonoperable cases, metabolic radiotherapy with Lipiodol labelled with β-emitters is a promising therapeutic option. The Comprehensive Cancer Centre Eugène Marquis and the National Graduate School of Chemistry of Rennes (ENSCR) have jointly developed a stable and efficient labelling of Lipiodol with rhenium-188 (E(βmax) = 2.1 MeV) for the treatment of HCC. The major "milestones" of this development, from the first syntheses to the recent first injection in man, are described.

  9. Las representaciones de Don Gaspar de Haro y Guzmán, VII Marqués del Carpio: retratos, alegorías y emblemas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López-Fanjul y Díez del Corral, María

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The author studies various portraits of Don Gaspar de Haro y Guzmán, 7th Marquis of Carpio, and analyses the strong links that they had with his interest in drawing, emblems, allegories, and the search for fame through books.Este artículo está dedicado a estudiar una serie de retratos de Don Gaspar de Haro y Guzmán, VII Marqués del Carpio, especialmente importantes por su relación con el dibujo, las alegorías, los emblemas y la búsqueda de la fama a través de los libros.

  10. Proceedings of the Korean Radioactive Waste Society Spring 2010

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2010-01-01

    This proceedings contains articles of the Korean Radioactive Waste Society Spring 2010. It was held on May 13-14, 2010 in Yesan, Korea. The main topics are as follows: Radioactive wastes policy and decontamination and decommissioning, Radioactive waste treatment, Radioactive waste disposal and site selection, Spent fuel and fuel cycle and Radiation safety and environment. (Yi, J. H.)

  11. Proceedings of the Korean Society Nuclear Medicine Spring Meeting 2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    This proceedings contains articles of 2002 Spring meeting of the Korean Society Nuclear Medicine. It was held on May 17, 2002 in Suwon, Korea. This proceedings is comprised of 3 sessions. The subject titles of session are as follows: Gynecological and Colorectal cancer, Lung cancer and Lymphoma, and general nuclear medicine. (Yi, J. H.)

  12. Evaluation of effectiveness in a novel wound healing ointment ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evaluation of effectiveness in a novel wound healing ointment-crocodile oil burn ointment. Hua-Liang Li, Yi-Tao Deng, Zi-Ran Zhang, Qi-Rui Fu, Ya-Hui Zheng, Xing-Mei Cao, Jing Nie, Li-Wen Fu, Li-Ping Chen, You-Xiong Xiong, Dong-Yan Shen, Qing-Xi Chen ...

  13. Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-01-27

    Jan 27, 2016 ... Home; Journals; Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy; Volume 35; Issue 3. Correlations between Optical Variability and Physical Parameters of Quasars. Wenwen Zuo Xue-Bing Wu Yi-Qing Liu Cheng-Liang Jiao. Part V: Black Holes (or Binary Black Holes) in Blazars Volume 35 Issue 3 September 2014 ...

  14. Effects of Taraxacum mongolicum on in vitro response of milk ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    uwerhiavwe

    2013-03-06

    Mar 6, 2013 ... 4Department of Chinese Medicine, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi General Hospital, Chia-Yi, Taiwan. ... fed a diet with (treatment group, n=7, 150 g TM powder per head per day) ..... g/kg body weight showed no visible signs of acute.

  15. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 120; Issue 1. Issue front cover thumbnail. Volume 120, Issue 1. February 2010, pages 1-130. pp 1-6. On the General Dedekind Sums and its Reciprocity Formula · Yuan Yi · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. In this paper, we prove an interesting reciprocity ...

  16. An n-dimensional pseudo-differential operator involving the Hankel ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ji =0 bji x. 2 ji +μ+1/2 i. (x−1 i ∂/∂xi )ri + ji. (x. −μ−1/2 i φ(x1,..., xn)). ⎞. ⎠ ,. (1.8) where the bji are constants depending only on μ. For i = 1, 2,..., n, let (xi , yi , zi ) ...

  17. Southeast Asia Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-08-06

    the Senegalese ambassador; Fortunäto Isasi Cayo, the Peruvian ambassador; Ana Maria Gonzalez "Suarez, the Cuban ambassador; and Yi Song-Ki, the...who called Da Nang a city of military camps «ere correct, in the entire city there were only two cinemas but there were large houses of Prostitution

  18. Assessment of Group Preferences and Group Uncertainty for Decision Making

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-06-01

    the individ- uals. decision making , group judgments should be preferred to individual judgments if obtaining group judgments costs more. -26- -YI IV... decision making group . IV. A. 3. Aggregation using conjugate distribution. Arvther procedure for combining indivi(jai probability judgments into a group...statisticized group group decision making group judgment subjective probability Delphi method expected utility nominal group 20. ABSTRACT (Continue on

  19. Optimized Breech Location in the Harry Diamond Laboratories 4-Inch Gas Gun

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-04-01

    equation can be deduced from the program, it is camouflaged by changes in notation and is repeated here. PAY/ Ma2 = [u-N/(N +1)](1 —u/N)1 + N/(N + 1...AERO-ASTRONAUTICAL ENGINEERING ATTN PROF TING YI LI 2036 NEIL AVENUE COLUMBUS, OH 43210 OCEANICS, INC ATTN DR. PAUL KAPLAN PLAINVIEW LONG ISLAND

  20. Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-01-27

    Jan 27, 2016 ... Author Affiliations. J. B. Su1 Z.-Q. Shen1 X. Chen1 Jiyune Yi2 D. R. Jiang1 Y. J. Yun3. Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200030, China. Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 305-348, South Korea. Department of Physics and Astronomy, ...

  1. prediction of the impacts of climate changes on the stream flow

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HOD

    NNAMDI AZIKIWE UNIVERSITY, AWKA, ANAMBRA STATE, NIGERIA. 3, 4, 5, DEPT. ... 4, October 2017, pp. 1286 – 1295 ..... Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994. ... [10] Park, J. Y., Park M. J., Ahn S. R., Park G. A., Yi,v., Kim. G. S., R.

  2. Hai-Feng Cheng

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. Hai-Feng Cheng. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 37 Issue 1 February 2014 pp 127-132. Investigation of thermoelectric SiC ceramics for energy harvesting applications on supersonic vehicles leading–edges · Xiao-Yi Han Jun Wang Hai-Feng Cheng.

  3. Role of the Neddylation Enzyme Uba3, A New Estrogen Receptor Corepressor in Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    vs. MCF7) Gene symbol Genbank MCF7-T MCF-F Description Notch signaling pathway PSEN1 NM_007319 1.33 7.06 Presenilin 1 ( Alzheimer disease 3...Medicine Bloomington, Indiana 47405 3Department of Life Science and Institute of Molecular Biology National Chung Cheng University Chia -Yi Taiwan

  4. Anatomical factors predicting lower calyceal stone clearance after ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    M. Khan

    2016-02-17

    Feb 17, 2016 ... Curr Opin Urol 2008;18:214–9. [9] Lingeman JE, Siegal YI, Steele B, Nyhus AW, Woods JR. Manage- ment of lower pole nephrolithiasis: a critical analysis. J Urol 1994;151: 663–7. [10] Sampaio FJB, Aragao AHM. Limitations of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for lower caliceal stone: anatomic insight.

  5. Manganese, iron and copper contents in leaves of maize plants (Zea ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Yomi

    2012-01-12

    Jan 12, 2012 ... Zn added to the soil and Zn foliar spray at 0.5 weight percent of zinc sulfate) and B (0, ..... In order to determine Fe, Cu and Mn concentrations, leaf ..... Yi Y, Saleeba J, Guerinot ML, Manthey J, Luster D, Crowley DE (1994).

  6. U.S. EPA, Pesticide Product Label, CUTLASS AQUEOUS FLOWABLE BIOINSECTICIDE, 04/21/1994

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-21

    ... _ of P .. tlclde Product ... West Langhorne, PA 19047-1810 • ·~~'ti;g" •.. 1a~1";¥tfU1119 111 .• w.taiocoI.#~Mt~;,IiYi!k!;i,!~~. Vi~~~l.fi~H~:~~ ; ...

  7. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Genetic variants of retinol-binding protein 4 in adolescents are associated with liver function and inflammatory markers but not with obesity and insulin resistance. Chin-Jung Lin Nain-Feng Chu Yi-Jen Hung Dee Pei Chien-Hsing Lee Fone-Ching Hsiao Chieh-Hua Lu Chang-Hsun Hsieh. Research Note Volume 94 Issue 3 ...

  8. Anti-hepatitis B viral activity of Phyllanthus niruri L (Phyllanthaceae ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Yong Li, Xin Li, Jia-Kun Wang, Yan Kuang and Ming-Xiu Qi*. Centers for Disease .... sarkosyl, 7 % 2-mercaptoethanol, 4 M guanidine ..... AK, Gane E, Hou JL, Jafri W, Jia J, Kim JH, Lai CL, Lee. HC, Lim SG, Liu CJ ... Shin MS, Kang EH, Lee YI.

  9. Asymptotics of sums of lognormal random variables with Gaussian copula

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asmussen, Søren; Rojas-Nandayapa, Leonardo

    2008-01-01

    Let (Y1, ..., Yn) have a joint n-dimensional Gaussian distribution with a general mean vector and a general covariance matrix, and let Xi = eYi, Sn = X1 + ⋯ + Xn. The asymptotics of P (Sn > x) as n → ∞ are shown to be the same as for the independent case with the same lognormal marginals. In part...

  10. Tempêtes sanglantes sur les hautes terres tibétaines

    OpenAIRE

    Jie, Yu

    2011-01-01

    Woeser (Wei Se), Sha jie. Sishi nian de jiyi jinqu. Jingtou xia de Xizang wenhua. Di yi ci gongkai. (Massacres et pillages. Mémoire interdite depuis 40 ans. La culture tibétaine sous un objectif pour la première fois) Forbidden memory. Tibet during the Cultural Revolution, Taipei, Dakuai wenhua, 2006, 296 p.

  11. Dicty_cDB: CFH288 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available FNXIIDXTLNYLIVAERKXDGCXQYPPY--- ---XXGXKXXXXKXXXXXIXXKXXXKFXXXGSXXLIFPLKXVXFXXXPQKXXXLXF*kxx xfxxxx...gf Translated Amino Acid sequence (All Frames) Frame A: qvql*ldlihlmxllxql*ii*lllkenxmvvlnihli--- ---kxgx*xfxxkxxxx...xnfxxxxxqisxxxxpkxnfsfkkxfxlxxppkxxxpxilkxx xxfxxxgi Frame B: kfnynwi*yi*xny*xnfklf...ncc*kkmxwlxsistll--- ---XXGXKXXXXKXXXXXIXXKXXXKFXXXGSXXLIFPLKXVXFXXXPQKXXXLXF*kxx xfxxxxgf Frame C: SSIIIGFD...TFNXIIDXTLNYLIVAERKXDGCXQYPPY--- ---xgxlkxxxkxxxxxxfxxkxxxnfxxxxpxx*ffl*kxfxfxnxpkkxxpxnfkxxx xfxxx

  12. Journal of Earth System Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Detrital zircon and apatite fission track data in the Liaoxi basins: Implication to Meso-Cenozoic thermo-tectonic evolution of the northern margin of the North China Craton · Yi Yan Xiaoqiong Hu Ge Lin Weiliang Liu Zhengjiang Song · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Detrital zircon and apatite fission track (ZFT and AFT) ...

  13. Evaluation of bio-agent formulations to control Fusarium wilt of tomato

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ONOS

    2010-09-06

    Sep 6, 2010 ... when compared to prochoraz and inoculated control. It is concluded ... studied with emphasis on biological control using fungi or bacteria to ...... (*and Other Methods). Version 4. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland,. Massachusetts. Yiğit F, Dikilitas M (2007). Control of Fusarium wilt of tomato by combination of ...

  14. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In this paper, we prove an interesting reciprocity formula for a certain case of a general Dedekind sums using analytic methods and the Fourier expansion of the Bernoulli polynomials. Author Affiliations. Yuan Yi1. Research Center for Basic Science, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049, People's Republic of ...

  15. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Sadhana. S Ramesh. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 35 Issue 1 February 2010 pp 87-95. Preparation and characterization of plasticized high molecular weight PVC-based polymer electrolytes · S Ramesh Geok Bee Teh Rong-Fuh Louh Yong Kong Hou Pung Yen Sin Lim Jing Yi · More Details ...

  16. Geok Bee Teh

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Geok Bee Teh. Articles written in Sadhana. Volume 35 Issue 1 February 2010 pp 87-95. Preparation and characterization of plasticized high molecular weight PVC-based polymer electrolytes · S Ramesh Geok Bee Teh Rong-Fuh Louh Yong Kong Hou Pung Yen Sin Lim Jing Yi · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  17. Analysis of Liquid Rocket Tankage

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-04-01

    pitting and essencially no attack of’ the base metal. The internal surfacees showed some shallow pitting and discoloration which 28 were less severe than...301 STAINLESS STEEL. spoIclus Cur FROM PARENT KETAL AND W=O JOINTS Oil A2IDE CRYOPORMNT OLTIATZ 0’ .% OFFSET TOS ILE YI AID 5 LOCATION"UNDOU S?1C1M N

  18. 976 Department of Estate Management

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2015-11-20

    Nov 20, 2015 ... However, since the p-value for yi, y2, and y3 are less than 0.05, it is concluded that ... wastes are disposed of by dumping in open .... and logistic model as willingness to pay. .... random sampling techniques which affords.

  19. Impossibility results for the equational theory of timed CCS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aceto, L.; Ingólfsdóttir, A.; Mousavi, M.; Mossakowski, T.; Montanari, U.; Haveraaen, M.

    2007-01-01

    We study the equational theory of Timed CCS as proposed by Wang Yi in CONCUR’90. Common to Wang Yi’s paper, we particularly focus on a class of linearly-ordered time domains exemplified by the positive real or rational numbers. We show that, even when the set of basic actions is a singleton, there

  20. Mechanisms of all-trans retinoic acid-induced differentiation of acute ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Ji-Wang Zhang1 Jian Gu1 Zhen-Yi Wang1 Sai-Juan Chen1 Zhu Chen1. Shanghai Institute of Hematology, Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Second Medical University, 197 Ruijin Road II, Shanghai 200025, People's Republic of China ...

  1. radioactivity level in water around a cement factory in north central ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bello et al.

    1,2Bello, I.A., 2Zakari, Y.I., 2Garba, N.N., 2Vatsa, A.M. and 3Kure, N. ... the human body through drinking. ... with sample water being collected to minimize contamination from .... The error quoted in the table represents the standard deviation.

  2. DMPD: Macrophage activation through CCR5- and CXCR4-mediated gp120-elicited signalingpathways. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 12960231 Macrophage activation through CCR5- and CXCR4-mediated gp120-elicited sign...82. Epub 2003 Jul 22. (.png) (.svg) (.html) (.csml) Show Macrophage activation through CCR5- and CXCR4-media...on through CCR5- and CXCR4-mediated gp120-elicited signalingpathways. Authors Lee C, Liu QH, Tomkowicz B, Yi

  3. Effects of atorvastatin and rosuvastatin on blood lipids, platelet ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Conclusion: Atorvastatin and rosuvastatin have no significant effect on the antiplatelet .... J20120006; Astra Zeneca UK limited) 10 mg, .... by Johansen et al [29] and Wang et al [30] .... Pan Y, Chen W, Xu Y, Yi X, Han Y, Yang Q, Li X, Huang.

  4. Lunar Dream of the Chinese People

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    <正> During the ancient time,according to a beautifulChinese legend, oneday, a strange phenomenon occurred — 10suns arose in the sky instead one, blaz-ing the earth. Hou Yi, an expert archer,stepped forward and shoot down nineof the suns, thus saving the earth fromdestruction. As a result of this deed,

  5. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    compacting repair mortars · Selçuk Türkel Yiğit Altuntaş · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF ... A comparative study on the use of fly ash and phosphogypsum in the brick production · Selçuk Türkel Emrah Aksin · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF.

  6. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Hua-Hsien Chiu1 Yi-Ting Tseng2 Hui-Pin Hsiao3 Hui-Hua Hsiao3. Department of Biotechnology, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung 831, Taiwan; School of Medical and Health Science, Fooyin University, Kaohsiung 831, Taiwan; Faculty of Medicine, College of Medicine, and Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung ...

  7. [Review of the CD Betel Nuts by Christopher Roberts (1996)

    OpenAIRE

    Senft, G.

    2001-01-01

    (TMCD 9602). Taipei: Trees Music & Art, 12-1, Lane 10, Sec. 2, Hsin Yi Rd. Taipei, TAIWAN. Distributed by Sony Music Entertainment (Taiwan)Ltd.,6th fl. No 35 , Lane 11, Kwang-Fu N. Rd., Taipei TAIWAN (CD accompanied by a full color bucklet)

  8. 2274-IJBCS-Article-Ayobola Moninuola Sakpere

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    contribution to early seedling development defines development strategy (Yi and Liu,. 2014). Cotyledons contribute to a young seedling's energy and nutrient demand either as photosynthetic or as reserve organs until the first true leaf becomes a significant source of assimilates (Kitajima, 2003; Zheng et al.,. 2011). Species ...

  9. Proceedings of the Korean Society Nuclear Medicine Autumn Meeting 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-01-01

    This proceedings contains articles of 1998 Autumn meeting of the Korean Society Nuclear Medicine. It was held on November 13-14, 1998 in Seoul, Korea. This proceedings is comprised of 5 sessions. The subject titles of session are as follows: general nuclear medicine, neurology, radiopharmacy and biology, nuclear cardiology, physics and instrumentation. (Yi, J. H.)

  10. Proceedings of the Korean Society Nuclear Medicine Autumn Meeting 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    This proceedings contains articles of 1997 autumn meeting of the Korean Society Nuclear Medicine. It was held on November 21, 1997 in Kwangju, Korea. This proceedings is comprised of 5 sessions. The subject titles of session are as follows: general nuclear medicine, neurology, radiopharmacy and biology, nuclear cardiology, physics and instrumentation. (Yi, J. H.)

  11. In Vitro Evaluation of an Injectable Chitosan Gel for Sustained Local Delivery of BMP-2 for Osteoblastic Differentiation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    In vitro cellular responses to scaffolds containing two microencapsulated growth factors. Biomaterials 2009;30:5215–5224. 16. Park KH, Kim H, Moon S...applications. Eur. J Pharm Biopharm 2004;57:19–34. 32. Ren D, Yi H, Wang W, Ma X. The enzymatic degradation and swelling properties of chitosan

  12. Quercetin modulates activities of Taiwan cobra phospholipase A 2 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences; Volume 37; Issue 2. Quercetin modulates activities of Taiwan cobra phospholipase A2 via its effects on membrane structure and membrane-bound mode of phospholipase A2. Yi-Ling Chiou Shinne-Ren Lin Wan-Ping Hu Long-Sen Chang. Articles Volume 37 Issue 2 June 2012 pp ...

  13. Study of Cu-doping effects on magnetic properties of Fe-doped ZnO ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Administrator

    To take into account the random distribution of ... and spin–orbit interaction were taken into account. .... Lee H J, Jeong S-Y, Ryong Cho C and Hong Park C 2002 Appl. Phys. Lett. ... Zhang Hua-Wei, Wei Zhi-Ren, Li Zhi-Qiang and Dong Guo-Yi.

  14. Fluctuations of offshore wind generation: Statistical modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinson, Pierre; Christensen, Lasse E.A.; Madsen, Henrik

    2007-01-01

    The magnitude of power fluctuations at large offshore wind farms has a significant impact on the control and management strategies of their power output. If focusing on the minute scale, one observes successive periods with smaller and larger power fluctuations. It seems that different regimes yi...

  15. Proteomic identification of CIB1 as a potential diagnostic factor in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Proteomic identification of CIB1 as a potential diagnostic factor in hepatocellular carcinoma. Tong Junrong Zhou Huancheng H E Feng Gao Yi Yang Xiaoqin Luo Zhengmao Zhang Hong Zeng Jianying Wang Yin Huang Yuanhang Zhang Jianlin Sun Longhua He Guolin. Articles Volume 36 Issue 4 September 2011 pp 659- ...

  16. Sadhana | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S Ramesh1 Geok Bee Teh1 Rong-Fuh Louh2 Yong Kong Hou1 Pung Yen Sin1 Lim Jing Yi1. Faculty of Engineering and Science, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Setapak, 53300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Feng Chia University, 100, Wenhwa Road, Seatwen, Taichung, ...

  17. Western cratonic domain in Uruguay: geochronology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preciozzi, F.; Peel, F.; Muzio, R.; Ledesma, J.; Guerequiz, R.

    2009-01-01

    In this article has been studied the Western cratonic in Uruguay are divided into three major units: Piedra Alta Terrane, Valentines Block and Pavas Terrane. Piedra Alta Terrane has of evidence of Neo proterozoic orogenesis . Sarandi del Yi -Arroyo Solis Grande shear zone separate, it from Valentine block . Valentine Block separate it from Pavas terrane by Cueva del Tigre shear zone

  18. Disease: H01842 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H01842 Bickerstaff brainstem encephalitis Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis (BB...379047 ... AUTHORS ... Rho YI ... TITLE ... Overlapping Guillain-Barre syndrome and Bickerstaff's brainstem enceph...ya K, Hamasaki Y, Yuki N ... TITLE ... Bickerstaff's brainstem encephalitis associated with IgM antibodies to

  19. Proceedings of the 6th Korea-China Joint workshop on nuclear waste management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-11-01

    This proceedings contains articles of 6th Korea-China Joint workshop on nuclear waste management. It was held on November 16-17, 2005 in Kyeongju, Korea. This proceedings is comprised of 3 sessions. The main subject titles of session are as follows: Nuclear fuel cycle, Radioactive waste treatment, Radwaste disposal and decontamination and decommissioning. (Yi, J. H.)

  20. Complex Event Detection via Multi Source Video Attributes (Open Access)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    Complex Event Detection via Multi-Source Video Attributes Zhigang Ma† Yi Yang‡ Zhongwen Xu‡§ Shuicheng Yan Nicu Sebe† Alexander G. Hauptmann...under its International Research Centre @ Singapore Fund- ing Initiative and administered by the IDM Programme Of- fice, and the Intelligence Advanced

  1. Proceedings of the Korean Society Nuclear Medicine Autumn Meeting 2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    This proceedings contains articles of 2002 autumn meeting of the Korean Society Nuclear Medicine. It was held on November 15-16, 2002 in Seoul, Korea. This proceedings is comprised of 5 sessions. The subject titles of session are as follows: Cancer, Physics of nuclear medicine, Neurology, Radiopharmacy and biology, General nuclear medicine. (Yi, J. H.)

  2. Proceedings of the Korean Society Nuclear Medicine Autumn Meeting 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-01-01

    This proceedings contains articles of 2001 autumn meeting of the Korean Society Nuclear Medicine. It was held on November 16-17, 2001 in Seoul, Korea. This proceedings is comprised of 6 sessions. The subject titles of session are as follows: Cancer, Physics of nuclear medicine, Neurology, Radiopharmacy and biology, Nuclear cardiology, General nuclear medicine. (Yi, J. H.)

  3. How Effective is Routing for Wireless Networking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-05

    order to avoid the effects of congestion and queue overflows, data rates are set arbitrarily high. For both OLSR and AODV, we test two variants...aodv version 2,” in Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC Fall), 2012 IEEE. IEEE, 2012, pp. 1–5. [11] T. Clausen, A. C. de Verdiere, J. Yi, A. Niktash, Y

  4. Group Centric Networking: A New Approach for Wireless Multi-Hop Networking to Enable the Internet of Things

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-22

    ETX is en- abled. In bandwidth limited environments, this level of background trac may congest the network and not allow data messages to be...no. 7, pp. 1655–1695, 2007. [25] T. Clausen, J. Yi, and A. C. de Verdiere, “Loadng: To- wards aodv version 2,” in Vehicular Technology Confer- ence

  5. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ajtcam.v10i4.6

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ajtcam.v10i4.6. 36. CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC ACTIVITIES OF CARTHAMI FLOS AND ITS REVERSAL EFFECT ON. MULTIDRUG RESISTANCE IN CANCER CELLS. Jimmy Yiu-Cheong Wu*a, Zhi-Ling Yub, Wang-Fun Fongb, Yi-Qian Shia. aZhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou 310053, ...

  6. Journal of Biosciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Fan-Lun Liu1 Ting-Yi Liu1 Fan-Lu Kung1 2. School of Pharmacy, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10051( Taiwan, R.O.C.; Graduate Institute of Brain and Mind Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10051( Taiwan, R.O.C ...

  7. 78 FR 32650 - Ocean Transportation Intermediary License Applicants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-31

    ... Change Abaco Logistics Corporation (OFF), 8051 NW 67th Street, Miami, FL 33166, Officers: Manuel T. Soto...: New NVO & OFF License Star Cluster Logistics (NVO & OFF), 4 Executive Circle, Suite 170, Irvine, CA... License Straight Forwarding, Inc. (NVO & OFF), 20974 Currier Road, City of Industry, CA 91789, Officer: Yi...

  8. China Report, Red Flag, Number 1, 1 January 1985

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-03-05

    li0dSOf,the thlrd’ f°Urth’ and the fifth e^ elon . It is impossible for them to change. In recent times I have always told foreign guests that the...people sell hides, musk , and other articles to Han people in exchange for cloth and salt. The Yi costumes are completely different from the Han

  9. DNA damage and decrease of cellular oxidase activity in piglet ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DNA damage and decrease of cellular oxidase activity in piglet sertoli cells exposed to gossypol. Ming Zhang, Hui Yuan, Zuping He, Liyun Yuan, Jine Yi, Sijun Deng, Li Zhu, Chengzhi Guo, Yin Lu, Jing Wu, Lixin Wen, Qiang Wei, Liqun Xue ...

  10. A system-level mechanistic investigation of traditional Chinese ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Xiao-Hong Gu* ... targets related to lung and stomach diseases were searched and screened to avoid duplication. ... Liu et al. Trop J Pharm Res, August 2017; 16(8): 1910. On account of this deficiency in knowledge, ..... Ru J, Li P, Wang J, Zhou W, Li B, Huang C, Li P, Guo Z, ... Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2013;.

  11. 75 FR 7358 - Addition of Certain Persons to the Entity List: Addition of Persons Acting Contrary to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-19

    ... Company Ltd., 13/F, Number 181, Sec 1, Datong Rd., Sijhih City, Taipei, Taiwan; and (4) Yi-Lan Chen, a.k.a., Kevin Chen, 13/F, Number 181, Sec 1, Datong Rd., Sijhih City, Taipei, Taiwan, and 7th Floor, Number 17... the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) (PRA), unless that...

  12. An Identification of Operating and Support Cost Drivers for Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-09-01

    existing model and adapting it, or by designing an entirely new model. This is expensive and time- comsuming . it has been common practice, when designing...coefficients. The error term accounts for any deviation from the predicted values of yi and due to random behavior . Figure 3 is a graph of the general

  13. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Okanmibale, YI. Vol 2, No 2 (2012) - Articles The myth or reality of reincarnation from the perspective of Islam Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2141-7040. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use ...

  14. Mismatch Repair Balances Leading and Lagging Strand DNA Replication Fidelity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-11

    Rev Mol Cell Biol 7: 335–346. 7. Li GM (2008) Mechanisms and functions of DNA mismatch repair. Cell Res 18: 85–98. 8. Pavlov YI, Mian IM, Kunkel TA...11: 165–170. 41. Li F, Tian L, Gu L, Li GM (2009) Evidence that nucleosomes inhibit mismatch repair in eukaryotic cells. J Biol Chem 284: 33056–33061

  15. Antioxidant and tyrosinase inhibitor from Leucaena leucocephala

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gabriel

    2012-09-25

    Sep 25, 2012 ... and Chung-Yi Chen ... both synthetic (Lee et al., 2009; Liu et al., 2009) and ... Leucaena leucocephala is a leguminous plant which is ... et al., 2000). ..... Li et al. 14185. Nakatani Y, Ourisson G, Beck JP (1981). Chemistry and ...

  16. Influences of the disease resistance conferred by the individual ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-10-05

    Oct 5, 2009 ... eleven rice blast (Wang et al., 1999; Bryan et al., 2000;. Qu et al., 2006; Chen et al., 2006; Zhou et al., 2006; Liu et al., 2007; Lin et al., ..... Lee SK, Song MY, Seo YS, Kim HK, Ko S, Cao PJ, Suh JP, Yi G, Roh. JH, Lee S, An G, ...

  17. Proceedings of the 3rd Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-11-01

    This proceedings contains articles of the 3rd Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy. It was held on Nov 10-11, 1995 in Taejeon, Korea. The main topics are as follows: Laser Isotope, Laser Spectroscopy, Laser Fusion, Laser Applications and so on. (Yi, J. H.)

  18. Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-11-01

    This proceedings contains articles of the 5th Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy. It was held on Nov 7-8, 1997 in Taejeon, Korea. The main topics are as follows: Laser Isotope, Laser Spectroscopy, Laser Fusion, Laser Applications and so on. (Yi, J. H.)

  19. Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    This proceedings contains articles of the 10th International Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy. It was held on 1-2 Nov 2002 in Taejeon, Korea. The main topics are as follows: Laser Isotope, Laser Spectroscopy, Laser Fusion, Laser Applications and so on. (Yi, J. H.)

  20. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2001-11-01

    This proceedings contains articles of the 9th International Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy. It was held on 2-3 Nov 2001 in Taejeon, Korea. The main topics are as follows: Laser Isotope, Laser Spectroscopy, Laser Fusion, Laser Applications and so on. (Yi, J. H.)

  1. Proceedings of the 4th Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-11-01

    This proceedings contains articles of the 4th Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy. It was held on Nov 8-9, 1996 in Taejeon, Korea. The main topics are as follows: Laser Isotope, Laser Spectroscopy, Laser Fusion, Laser Applications and so on. (Yi, J. H.)

  2. Proceedings of the 11th International Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-11-01

    This proceedings contains articles of the 11th International Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy. It was held on 7-8 Nov 2003 in Taejeon, Korea. The main topics are as follows: Laser Isotope, Laser Spectroscopy, Laser Fusion, Laser Applications and so on. (Yi, J. H.)

  3. Proceedings of the 1st Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-11-01

    This proceedings contains articles of the 1st Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy. It was held on Nov 11, 1993 in Taejeon, Korea. The main topics are as follows: Laser Isotope, Laser Spectroscopy, Laser Fusion, Laser Applications and so on. (Yi, J. H.)

  4. Proceedings of the 2nd Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-11-01

    This proceedings contains articles of the 2nd Symposium on Laser Spectroscopy. It was held on Nov 3-4, 1994 in Taejeon, Korea. The main topics are as follows: Laser Isotope, Laser Spectroscopy, Laser Fusion, Laser Applications and so on. (Yi, J. H.)

  5. 78 FR 15373 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-11

    ....S.C. App.), notice is hereby given of the following meeting. The meeting will be closed to the public in accordance with the provisions set forth in sections 552b(c)(4) and 552b(c)(6), Title 5 U.S.C...). Contact Person: Yi-Hsin Liu, Ph.D., Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review, National...

  6. 77 FR 45366 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-31

    ....S.C. App.), notice is hereby given of the following meeting. The meeting will be closed to the public in accordance with the provisions set forth in sections 552b(c)(4) and 552b(c)(6), Title 5 U.S.C..., Bethesda, MD 20892, (Telephone Conference Call). Contact Person: Yi-Hsin Liu, Ph.D., Scientific Review...

  7. 76 FR 36931 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-23

    ... U.S.C. App.), notice is hereby given of the following meetings. The meetings will be closed to the public in accordance with the provisions set forth in sections 552b(c)(4) and 552b(c)(6), Title 5 U.S.C...: Yi-Hsin Liu, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review, National Institutes of...

  8. 76 FR 7572 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-10

    ... U.S.C. App.), notice is hereby given of the following meetings. The meetings will be closed to the public in accordance with the provisions set forth in sections 552b(c)(4) and 552b(c)(6), Title 5 U.S.C... Rockledge Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892, (Telephone Conference Call). Contact Person: Yi-Hsin Liu, PhD...

  9. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics. Lingchen Guo. Articles written in Journal of Genetics. Volume 81 Issue 1 April 2002 pp 13-17 Perspectives. Cloning, chromosome localization and features of a novel human gene, MATH2 · Lingchen Guo Min Jiang Yushu Ma Haipeng Cheng Xiaohua Ni Yangsheng Jin Yi Xie Yumin ...

  10. Mechanistic Insights of a Selective C-H Alkylation of Alkenes by a Ru-based Catalyst and Alcohols

    KAUST Repository

    Poater, Albert; Vummaleti, Sai V. C.; Polo, Alfonso; Cavallo, Luigi

    2016-01-01

    Density functional theory calculations have been used to investigate the reaction mechanism for [(C6H6)(PCy3)(CO) RuH](+) (1; Cy, cyclohexyl) mediated alkylation of indene substrate using ethanol as solvent. According to Yi et al. [ Science 2011

  11. to view fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2013-02-09

    Feb 9, 2013 ... potential invading pathogens and mount successful defences ...... methyl-SA strongly suggest that SA is not the mobile signal. (Vernooij et al. 1994 ...... Wang WH, Yi XQ, Han AD, Liu TW, Chen J, Wu FH, Dong XJ,. He JX, Pei ...

  12. Correlations between polymorphisms in the uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase 1A and C-C motif chemokine receptor 5 genes and infection with the hepatitis B virus in three ethnic groups in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chan; He, Yan; Shan, Ke-Ren; Tan, Kui; Zhang, Ting; Wang, Chan-Juan; Guan, Zhi-Zhong

    2018-02-01

    Objective To determine whether genetic polymorphisms in the uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase 1A ( UGT1A) and the C-C motif chemokine receptor 5 ( CCR5) genes are associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in Yi, Yao and Han ethnic groups in the Guizhou Province of China. Methods The study enrolled subjects with and without HBV infection. Whole blood was used for DNA genotyping using standard techniques. The study determined the frequencies of several polymorphic alleles ( UGT1A6 [rs2070959], UGT1A1 [rs8175347], CCR5-59029 [rs1799987] and CCR5Δ32 [rs333]) and then characterized their relationship with HBV infection. Results A total of 404 subjects were enrolled in the study: 138 from the Yao group, 101 from the Yi group and 165 from the Han group. There was a significant difference in the frequency of UGT1A1 rs8175347 polymorphisms among the three groups. The rates of 7TA carriers of UGT1A1 rs8175347 in all three groups were significantly higher than the other genotypes. Individuals with genotype AA of UGT1A6 rs2070959 in the Yi group had a higher risk for HBV infection than in the Yao and Han groups. The frequency of genotype GG in CCR5-59029 in the Yao group was significantly higher than in the Yi group. The genotypes of CCR5Δ32 were not associated with HBV infection. Conclusion These findings provide genetic and epidemiological evidence for an association of UGT1A and CCR5-59029 polymorphisms with HBV infection in Chinese Yi and Yao populations.

  13. A Study on the Music Features of Guizhou Yi’s Traditional Love Song (Qugu)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Ran; Lei Rui

    2016-01-01

    Being one of the most ancient eth-nic groups in China, the ‘Yi’ have a long history and an abundant culture. Yi folk songs, which are widely sung in many regions of China, have vari-ous forms and styles. These folk songs reflect the lengthy history of the Yi society; indeed they ex-press the happiness and misery, the dreams and desires of the Yi people. Within this context, this article focuses on‘Qugu’ which is a unique type of music belonging to the Yi people. In fact most Yi people of Guizhou live in the Wumeng Mountains. In their quest for survival, over time the Yi had developed a series of natural worship rites which became one of the sources of their traditional mu-sic. In addition, Yi people formed a unique way to express their love: in times past they developed a tradition of singing in the mountains and forests as to convey their love to their beloved;the‘Qugu’ is one of these Yi’ s traditional love song genres.‘Qugu’ means ‘singing’ and this genre has its own social functioning. According to traditional Yi culture and habits, a ‘Qugu ’ should not be sung in front of parents, brothers, or other rela-tives;instead it should only be sung in a place sur-rounded by mountains and forests and on certain singing sites, called ‘Guji’(in Yi language). In most of the Yi settlements, such ‘singing sites ’ were placed far away from the villages, sometimes on flat areas and sometimes in the remote wilder-ness, in forests or caves. The singing activities on those special sites took place according to specific rules and calen-dars. During the so-called ‘singing festival’ peri-od ( from the 1 st to the 15 th day of the 1 st lunar month and on the 5th day of the 5th lunar month), the singing performances were particularly magnifi-cent. People of all ages, young and old, would gather together from all directions and would sing without interruption for several days. Moreover , the singing festival also had certain traditional rites

  14. Large variations in ocular dimensions in a multiethnic population with similar genetic background.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niu, Zhiqiang; Li, Jun; Zhong, Hua; Yuan, Zhonghua; Zhou, Hua; Zhang, Yang; Yuan, Yuansheng; Chen, Qin; Pan, Chen-Wei

    2016-03-07

    We aimed to describe the ethnic variations in ocular dimensions among three ethnic groups with similar genetic ancestry from mainland of China. We included 2119 ethnic Bai, 2202 ethnic Yi and 2183 ethnic Han adults aged 50 years or older in the study. Ocular dimensions including axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), vitreous chamber depth (VCD) and lens thickness (LT) were measured using A-scan ultrasonography. Bai Chinese had longer ALs (P variations in LTs. Diabetes was associated with shallower ACDs and this association was stronger in Bai Chinese compared with Yi or Han Chinese (P for interaction = 0.02). Thicker lenses were associated with younger age (P = 0.04), male gender (P variations in cultures and lifestyles.

  15. Filming Critical Female Perspectives: Edward Yang’s The Terrorizers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kai-man Chang

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available From his first film—a twenty-minute short, “Expectations” (1982—to his last—a three-hour masterpiece, 'Yi Yi' (2000—Edward Yang, one of the leading figures of the Taiwan New Cinema movement, devoted his career to portraying the impact of neoliberal capitalism on the lives of the citizens of Taipei. Interestingly, Yang’s films often employ female perspectives to criticize Taiwan’s education system and transnational corporations for perpetuating neoliberal capitalism’s ideology of self-fulfillment and upward mobility. This paper draws upon feminist film theory to investigate the ways in which Yang’s third feature, 'The Terrorizers' (1986, utilizes various innovative cinematic languages to engender a multitude of women’s perspectives to expose male voyeurism and ultimately criticize the impact of neoliberal capitalism in Taipei.

  16. Analysis of the Effect of Customer Citizenship Behavior on Repurchase Intention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tito Grillo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present paper, customer citizenship behavior (CCB is assessed as a manifestation of value co-creation in the costumer-organization relations. Considering the extant marketing literature proposition that postulates that value co-creation, in the long run, is translated to the organization into customer purchase and repurchase behavior, as explained by the relation between value-in-use and value-in-exchange, this article aims to analyze the effect of CCB upon repurchase intention. In order to conduct such analysis, the CCB scale developed by Yi and Gong (2013 was adapted to the Brazilian context. The assessments of the adapted scale and of the relation between CCB and repurchase intention were conducted with structural equation modeling. Results indicate a lack of consistency of one of the CCB dimensions proposed by Yi and Gong (2013 and suggest that CCB is a determinant that presents an expressive effect upon repurchase intention.

  17. Anisotropic thermal expansion in flexible materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romao, Carl P.

    2017-10-01

    A definition of the Grüneisen parameters for anisotropic materials is derived based on the response of phonon frequencies to uniaxial stress perturbations. This Grüneisen model relates the thermal expansion in a given direction (αi i) to one element of the elastic compliance tensor, which corresponds to the Young's modulus in that direction (Yi i). The model is tested through ab initio prediction of thermal expansion in zinc, graphite, and calcite using density functional perturbation theory, indicating that it could lead to increased accuracy for structurally complex systems. The direct dependence of αi i on Yi i suggests that materials which are flexible along their principal axes but rigid in other directions will generally display both positive and negative thermal expansion.

  18. Impact of primary amine group from aminophospholipids and amino acids on marine phospholipids stability: Non-enzymatic browning and lipid oxidation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lu, Henna Fung Sieng; Nielsen, Nina Skall; Baron, Caroline P.

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of this study was to investigate the oxidative stability and non-enzymatic browning reactions of marine PL in the presence or in the absence of primary amine group from aminophospholipids and amino acids. Marine phospholipids liposomal dispersions were prepared from two authentic......) Strecker derived volatiles, (ii) yellowness index (YI), (iii) hydrophobic and (iv) hydrophilic pyrroles content. The oxidative stability of the samples was assessed through measurement of secondary lipid derived volatile oxidation products. The result showed that the presence of PE and amino acids caused...... the formation of pyrroles, generated Strecker derived volatiles, decreased the YI development and lowered lipid oxidation. The lower degree of lipid oxidation in liposomal dispersions containing amino acids might be attributed to antioxidative properties of pyrroles or amino acids....

  19. Relevant multi-setting tight Bell inequalities for qubits and qutrits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deng Dongling; Zhou Zisui; Chen Jingling

    2009-01-01

    In the celebrated paper [D. Collins, N. Gisin, J. Phys. A Math. Gen. 37 (2004) 1775], Collins and Gisin presented for the first time a three-setting Bell inequality (here we call it CG inequality for simplicity) which is relevant to the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) inequality. Inspired by their brilliant ideas, we obtained some multi-setting tight Bell inequalities, which are relevant to the CHSH inequality and the CG inequality. Moreover, we generalized the method in the paper [J.L. Chen, D.L. Deng, Phys. Rev. A 79 (2009) 012115] to construct Bell inequality for qubits to higher dimensional system. Based on the generalized method, we present, for the first time, a three-setting tight Bell inequality for two qutrits, which is maximally violated by nonmaximally entangled states and relevant to the Collins-Gisin-Linden-Massar-Popescu inequality.

  20. [The high-molecular glutenins of the soft winter wheats from European countries and their relationship to the glutenin composition of the ancient and modern wheat varieties of Ukraine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabinovich, S V; Fedak, G; Lukov, O

    2000-01-01

    The sources of high-quality components of HMW glutenines determining grain quality, as initial material for breeding in the conditions of Ukraine were revealed on the base of analysis of 75 literature sources data about composition of high-molecular weight (HMW) glutenin and pedigrees of 598 European wheats from 12 countries, bred in 1923-1997, including, 449 cultivars from West and 149 East Europe. Origin of these components was observed in varieties of Great Britain, France and Germany from ancient Ukrainian wheat Red Fife and it derivative spring wheats of Canada--Marquis, Garnet, Regent, Saunders, Selkirk and of USA--spring wheat Thatcher and winter wheats--Kanred and Oro--as directly as via cultivars of European countries and Australia; in wheats of East European countries from winter wheats Myronivs'ka 808 and Bezostaya 1 (derivative of Ukrainian cultivars Ukrainka and Krymka) and their descendants; in wheats of Austria and Italy--from the both genetical sources.

  1. Die ontwikkeling van die menslike bewussyn: Teorieë oor die ontwikkeling van menslike bewussyn – die ontdekking van die ‘misterie van die siel’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignatius (Naas W. Ferreira

    2009-10-01

    A number of theories on the development of human consciousness have tried to incorporate all views on the subject into one integral theory. However, Ken Wilber is the first philosopher who managed to combine the external with the internal fields of study. Using Wilber’s integral theory, a number of researchers developed their own theories in their field of speciality. Jim Marion used Wilber’s development theory to show the evolution of consciousness from a Christian perspective. Steve McIntosh, an integral philosopher, takes Wilber’s ideas further, and even criticises him on a few points. Another important researcher following Wilber is Andre Marquis, who developed an integral questionnaire to help pastors gauge clients’ problems. James Fowler, Clare Graves and Bill Plotkin also researched the evolution of human consciousness. This article examines each of these researchers, and concludes with a glance at several viewpoints on the soul and the mystical union with God.

  2. [An artist at the Medical School of Paris: Isabelle Pinson (1769-1855)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boulinier, G

    1997-01-01

    Born in Paris in 1769, Isabelle Proteau, the future Mrs. Pinson, was the daughter of a couple of servants of a famous family: her father was the footman of the marquis de Jaucourt, and her mother, the maid of Isabelle, both brother and sister of the encyclopedist Louis de Jaucourt. She lost her father very early, but thanks to her godmother Isabelle de Jaucourt, she received a good education and could become a talented painter. Especially a portraitist, she was a pupil of the academicians Vincent (1746-1816) and Regnault (1754-1829), and participated to many exhibitions at the Louvre's Salons from 1796 to 1812. In 1792, she married the artist and anatomist André Pierre Pinson (1746-1828). Among the witnesses were the surgeon Dezoteux and the famous sculptor Houdon. ...

  3. O império luso-brasileiro e a questão da dependência inglesa - um estudo de caso: a política mercantilista durante a Época Pombalina e a sombra do Tratado de Methuen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José Calazans Falcon

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the author analyzes the relations between Portugal and England during the 18th century, with emphasis on the period corresponding to the reign of D. José I, during which the Marquis of Pombal, his Secretary of State, wielded considerable power. With the Treaty of Methuen (1703 as a backdrop, the text addresses the issues which, over successive periods, marked the tensions and conflicts in the economic and diplomatic relations between England and Portugal. Special attention is given to the review of documents of the era, from the National Library of Lisbon and the Lisbon Academy of Sciences. Contrary to what a rather crystallized tradition teaches us, the British-Portuguese relations during Pombal's period are rather ambiguous, fluctuating between Portugal's dependence with regard to economic interests and British political support, and the defense of trade, manufacturing and agricultural interests of the Portuguese crown and its overseas empire.

  4. "Lord of the Mirrors" and demon lover.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavaler, S

    1986-01-01

    Repeated object loss drove Sylvia Plath to create, and what she created were her greatest, and best-known poems, collected in the book Ariel. Yet the compulsion to create alternated with the compulsion to destroy. Her suicidal impulses were as intense as her poetic impulses (see Bach, 1985, on the "Marquis de Sade"). How these two contrasting impulses counter-balanced each other, until self-destruction took the lead, is the story of Sylvia Plath. What remains with us is the puzzle of her despair. This puzzle can only be pieced together by looking at the internal object relations of the father-daughter bond, which germinated like a ghost and spector within Sylvia Plath's soul.

  5. Revisiting the age of enlightenment from a collective decision making systems perspective

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez, Marko A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Watkins, Jennifer H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    The ideals of the eighteenth century's Age of Enlightenment are the foundation of modern democracies. The era was characterized by thinkers who promoted progressive social reforms that opposed the long-established aristocracies and monarchies of the time. Prominent examples of such reforms include the establishment of inalienable human rights, self-governing republics, and market capitalism. Twenty-first century democratic nations can benefit from revisiting the systems developed during the Enlightenment and reframing them within the techno-social context of the Information Age. This article explores the application of social algorithms that make use of Thomas Paine's (English: 1737--1809) representatives, Adam Smith's (Scottish: 1723--1790) self-interested actors, and Marquis de Condorcet's (French: 1743--1794) optimal decision making groups. It is posited that technology-enabled social algorithms can better realize the ideals articulated during the Enlightenment.

  6. In the slammer: the myth of the prison in American gay pornographic video.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mercer, John

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss the significance of the prison scenario and its various permutations in the texts of American commercial pornographic video. The paper will identify the prison as a highly eroticised all male environment, an arena where the active/passive dichotomy of gay pornography is staged and re-staged. The significances of the prison are multiple. The prison draws on a gay mythology of homosexual desire that has its origins in sources as diverse as the literature of the Marquis de Sade and Jean Genet and the erotic illustrations of Tom of Finland and Etienne. Prison scenarios take many shapes in gay pornography such as the American penitentiary, the military brig, and the fantasised dungeon of the leatherman. I see these scenarios as performing an important function within gay porn by offering idealised spaces for the acts of pornography: voyeurism, narcissistic display and active/ passive role-play.

  7. Liberdade de consciência, liberdade de cultos: o papel da lei da separação do estado das igrejas (1911

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Fernandes Alves

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Law of Separation of State and Church, a dictatorial law passed on 20th April 1911 by Afonso Costa, Minister of Justice of the Provisional Government, was intended to introduce a «new regime of cults». However, it proved an ill-fated law, leading to practices which collided with the status detained by the Catholic Church in Portuguese society, to become one of the main targets of both counter-revolutionary forces and conservative republican proposals. This paper aims to analyse the main thematic lines of the Law of Separation, as well as explore enlightening complementary interpretations of its implementation, integrating it in the process of laicisation of State and Nation, now radicalised but which had been initiated with a few laws under the administration of the Marquis of Pombal, and particularly with several measures taken during the constitutional liberalism.

  8. Socio-cultural animation in hospitals and the right to access culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dušana Findeisen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Socio-cultural animation has a long tradition in French hospitals. It started in most probability with a theatre performance staged by Marquis de Sade between 1800-1810, while he was patient of a Parisian hospital. The theatrical performance was attended by ”le Tout Paris” – all notables of the city. In 1999, a convention of ”Culture and Health” was signed and culture has been moving to hospitals ever since, transforming them into open institutions, with patients and staff having acquired a different perspective on body and culture. Moreover, Slovenian Third Age University has been educating and training cultural mediators (its students for transmitting culture and knowledge gained at the U3A to patients, patients’ relatives and staff within the University Clinical Centre Ljubljana. In this article, author sets a frame of mind for examining the importance and implications of a fundamental universal right – the right to culture.

  9. Incesto travestito. “Sei personaggi.com” di Edoardo Sanguineti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jole Silvia Imbornone

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Sanguineti’s “travesty” of Sei personaggi in cerca d’autore makes patent the hidden theme of incest in the Pirandellian play, thereby stressing the Sicilian dramatist’s role as the “destroyer of bourgeois ideological standards”. However, this is not an explicit unmasking, but rather the implicit goal of an intricate network of quotations and cultural references within a typically ‘Sanguinetian’ erotisation of literature to the second power. Incest is thus a grotesque operation of education-corruption, drawing on metalinguistic disquisitions, poetic quotations (Eliot and fragments of pop culture, images from the history of art (Balthus, Dalí, erotic iconography, Tarot figures and the Marquis de Sade’s libertine philosophy. This network composes a mosaic of high and low cultural references, merging with explicit psychoanalytical readings of the plot, which is re-staged through quotations of, and variations on, Pirandello’s source text.

  10. TEDGlobal>Geneva

    CERN Document Server

    Claudia Marcelloni

    2015-01-01

    On Tuesday 8 December, a TEDGlobal Conference took place at the Bâtiment des Forces Motrices (BFM) in downtown Geneva.   Charlotte Lindberg Warakaulle, Director for International Relations at CERN, speaking at the workshop for TEDx organisers held at CERN (Image: Laetitia Gessler)  Curated by Bruno Giussani, the TED European Director, it was the first official TED event to take place in Switzerland. Under the theme “Critical Junctures” the program, which was unknown to the audience beforehand, featured two sessions and more than a dozen speakers. Among them were voices from local residents whose work has worldwide impact, such as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Antonio Guterres; Swiss neurosurgeon Jocelyne Bloch; Head of the Biorobotics Laboratory at EPFL, Auke Ijspeert; Founder of Apelab, Emilie Joly; and National Geographic explorer, Sarah Marquis. CERN was represented by a particle physicist from the LHCb collab...

  11. Videos, tweet-ups, and training unite scientist communicators at Fall Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Mary Catherine; Ramsayer, Kate

    2012-02-01

    AGU's public information office held several events at the 2011 Fall Meeting designed to train, recognize, and reward member scientists who communicate with, or want to communicate with, nonscience audiences. On Sunday, about 90 researchers gathered at the Marriott Marquis hotel for an all-day science communications training event covering topics including journalism from the insider's perspective, storytelling, and using humor to share science. On Wednesday a communications panel focusing specifically on climate science shared tips on communicating with audiences via TV and the Web, among other outlets. At a social media soiree Monday evening, geobloggers, Facebook fans, Twitter followers, and others met in person and talked about how to share news and research across the many platforms of the Internet. Later in the week, bloggers from AGU's blogosphere and other sites met for lunch to discuss the online Earth and space science community.

  12. Significación y trascendencia del género epistolar en la política cortesana: la correspondencia inédita entre la Infanta Isabel Clara Eugenia y el Marqués de Velada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Martínez Hernández

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is make known the unpublished correspondence maintained between the Infanta Isabel Clara Eugenia and the Marquis of Velada, her lord high steward for a period of eleven years in the early seventeenth century. This private correspondence has become a vital source of information, especially for the historiography of the court, specifically in comparison with official correspondence. The content of the letters brings nuance and personal judgements which, by virtue of the freedom with which they were written, prove to have a much greater value than the public documents. Certainly, the letters not only transmitted news but also became a powerful means for maintaining the relationship over a considerable distance. This correspondence provides a number of insights into the political and personal relations between a princess and a courtier. The article also includes a transcription and abstract of the letters.

  13. Ethnic Variations in Central Corneal Thickness in a Rural Population in China: The Yunnan Minority Eye Studies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen-Wei Pan

    Full Text Available To describe the ethnic differences in central corneal thickness (CCT in population-based samples of ethnic Bai, Yi and Han people living in rural China.6504 adults (2119 ethnic Bai, 2202 ethnic Yi and 2183 ethnic Han aged 50 years or older participated in the study. Each subject underwent standardized ocular examinations and interviewer-administered questionnaires for risk factor assessment. CCT was measured for both eyes using an ultrasound pachymeter. Regression and principal component analysis were performed to examine the relationship of ethnicity and other factors with CCT.The mean CCT readings were 536.4 ± 34.2 μm in ethnic Bai, 532.1 ± 32.1 μm in ethnic Yi and 529.6 ± 32.7 μm in ethnic Han adults (P<0.001, respectively. There was a decreasing trend of mean CCT with increasing age across all ethnic groups. In multivariate linear regression models, increasing CCT was associated with younger age (P<0.001, male gender (P<0.001, Bai (P<0.001 or Yi (P<0.001 ethnicity, greater body mass index (P<0.001, higher systolic blood pressure (P<0.001, greater corneal curvature (P<0.001, deeper anterior chamber (P < 0.001, and thicker lens (P<0.001. Ethnicity contributed significantly to presence of thin cornea (60%; P< 0.001 compared with other factors. CCT had similar impact on intraocular pressure readings across all ethnic groups.This study of more than 6500 multiethnic participants demonstrates significant ethnic variations in CCT, with Han ethnicity having the thinnest cornea compared with ethnic minorities. These data are essential to guide future multiethnic clinical trials on CCT-related ocular conditions such as glaucoma.

  14. Large variations in ocular dimensions in a multiethnic population with similar genetic background

    OpenAIRE

    Niu, Zhiqiang; Li, Jun; Zhong, Hua; Yuan, Zhonghua; Zhou, Hua; Zhang, Yang; Yuan, Yuansheng; Chen, Qin; Pan, Chen-Wei

    2016-01-01

    We aimed to describe the ethnic variations in ocular dimensions among three ethnic groups with similar genetic ancestry from mainland of China. We included 2119 ethnic Bai, 2202 ethnic Yi and 2183 ethnic Han adults aged 50 years or older in the study. Ocular dimensions including axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), vitreous chamber depth (VCD) and lens thickness (LT) were measured using A-scan ultrasonography. Bai Chinese had longer ALs (P?

  15. Enhanced effect and mechanism of water-in-oil microemulsion as an oral delivery system of hydroxysafflor yellow A

    OpenAIRE

    Qi, Jianping; Ping ,Qineng

    2011-01-01

    Jianping Qi1,2, Jie Zhuang1, Wei Wu2, Yi Lu2, Yunmei Song3, Zhetao Zhang1, Jia Jia1, Qineng Ping11School of Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China; 2School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 3School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, AustraliaBackground: A microemulsion is an effective formulation for improving the oral bioavailability of poorly soluble drugs. ...

  16. A study on the potential of insect protein and lipid as a food source

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yi, L.

    2015-01-01

    Propositions

    Propositions belonging to the thesis, entitled:‘A study on the potential of insect protein and lipid as a food source’. Liya Yi

    Wageningen, 9 February 2015.High protein

  17. Dendrite-Free Electrodeposition and Reoxidation of Lithium-Sodium Alloy for Metal-Anode Battery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Dendrite-Free Electrodeposition and Reoxidation of Lithium-Sodium Alloy for Metal-Anode Battery Johanna K. Star 1 , Yi Ding 2 , and Paul A. Kohl ,1, * 1...Journal Article 3. DATES COVERED 01-11-2011 to 01-11-2011 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE DENDRITE-FREE ELECTRODEPOSITION AND REOXIDATION OF LITHIUM-SODIUM...can short circuit the anode and cathode . Anode- cathode short circuits are especially dangerous when a flammable organic solvent is used as the

  18. Carbon sequestration in Himalaya's alpine meadows: Mitigating cropping encroachment on pastures in Northern Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Rueff, Henri; Syed Rehman, Aziz; Rahim, Inam; Maselli, Daniel; Nafees, Mohammad; Wiesmann, Urs

    2011-01-01

    Rangelands store about 30% of the world’s carbon and support over 120 million pastoralists globally. Adjusting the management of remote alpine pastures bears a substantial climate change mitigation potential that can provide livelihood support for marginalized pastoralists through carbon payment. Landless pastoralists in Northern Pakistan seek higher income by cropping potatoes and peas over alpine pastures. However, tilling steep slopes without terracing exposes soil to erosion. Moreover, yi...

  19. Compounds enhanced in a mass spectrometric profile of smokers' exhaled breath versus non-smokers as determined in a pilot study using PTR-MS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kushch, Ievgeniia; Schwarz, Konrad; Schwentner, Lukas; Baumann, Bettina; Dzien, Alexander; Schmid, Alex; Unterkofler, Karl; Gastl, Günter; Spaněl, Patrik; Smith, David; Amann, Anton

    2008-06-01

    A pilot study has been carried out to define typical characteristics of the trace gas compounds in exhaled breath of non-smokers and smokers to assist interpretation of breath analysis data from patients who smoke with respiratory diseases and lung cancer. Exhaled breath was analyzed using proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometry (PTR-MS) for 370 volunteers (81 smokers, 210 non-smokers, 79 ex-smokers). Volatile organic compounds corresponding to product ions at seven mass-to-charge ratios (m/z 28, 42, 69, 79, 93, 97, 123) in the PTR-MS spectra differentiated between smokers and non-smokers. The Youden index (= maximum of sensitivity + specificity - 1, YI) as a measure for differentiation between smokers and non-smokers was YI = 0.43 for ions at the m/z values 28 (tentatively identified as HCN), YI = 0.75 for m/z = 42 (tentatively identified as acetonitrile) and YI = 0.53 for m/z = 79 (tentatively identified as benzene). No statistically significant difference between smokers and non-smokers was observed for the product ions at m/z = 31 and 33 (compounds tentatively identified as formaldehyde and methanol). When interpreting the exhaled breath of lung cancer or COPD patients, who often smoke, compounds appearing at the above-mentioned seven mass-to-charge ratios should be considered with appropriate care to avoid misdiagnosis. Validation studies in larger numbers of patients with more precise delineation of their smoking behavior and using additional analytical techniques such as GC/MS and SIFT-MS should be carried out.

  20. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-06-18

    Chile 1987 0.5 Thailand 1985 0.3 JPRS-CST-92-012 18 June 1992 SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY POLICY 25 (3) Criteria For Testing Government Disbursements...8217.*, •> ■yiH’v;,!- ! \\%v.7X’>A->:-:-.-:v^>.*>>;v< vih >x-«v.; ’mmii The new Chinese Super VGA Card, as shown above, was developed by the Beijing Legend

  1. Transfer Learning for Adaptive Relation Extraction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-13

    sequences. Second, the restriction to the correct 3Automatic Content Extraction http://www.itl.nist.gov/iad/mig/tests/ace/ 21 Relation Candidate...the weight vector is chosen to be ~λ∗ = arg max ~λ [Πni=1 logP~λ(yi|xi)− m∑ i=1 λ2 2σ2 ] , where σ controls the degree of regularization. Maximizing the

  2. Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

    KAUST Repository

    Ding, I-Kang

    2010-12-14

    This image presents a scanning electron microscopy image of solid state dye-sensitized solar cell with a plasmonic back reflector, overlaid with simulated field intensity plots when monochromatic light is incident on the device. Plasmonic back reflectors, which consist of 2D arrays of silver nanodomes, can enhance absorption through excitation of plasmonic modes and increased light scattering, as reported by Michael D. McGehee, Yi Cui, and co-workers.

  3. Magnetic resonance-guided regional gene delivery strategy using a tumor stroma-permeable nanocarrier for pancreatic cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Xiaolin; Wang,Qingbing; Li,Jianfeng; An,Sai; Chen,Yi; Jiang,Chen

    2015-01-01

    Qingbing Wang,1,2 Jianfeng Li,3 Sai An,3 Yi Chen,1 Chen Jiang,3 Xiaolin Wang1,2 1Department of Interventional Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, 2Shanghai Institute of Medical Imaging, 3Key Laboratory of Smart Drug Delivery, Ministry of Education, Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China Background: Gene therapy is a very promising technology for treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarci...

  4. HNA-3a and HNA-3b antigens among 9 ethnic populations and the Han population in Southwest China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ou, Guo-Jin; Su, Pin-Can; Yu, Hao; Ji, Xin; Liu, Fan; Wang, Sheng-Lan; Kong, Yu-Jie; Li, Ling; Wang, Jue; Liu, Zhong; Flegel, Willy Albert

    2018-03-14

    Human neutrophil antigen 3 (HNA-3) is encoded by the SLC44A2 gene. Antibodies against HNAs can cause severe, often fatal, transfusion reactions, known as transfusion-related acute lung injury, and neonatal neutropenia. We explored the 2 common HNA-3 variants in 9 ethnic populations residing in Sichuan and Yunnan provinces of China as compared to the Han population. We genotyped for SLC44A2 (rs2288904) by polymerase chain reaction sequence-based typing among blood donors, for a total of 2206 individuals in Yunnan and 376 in Sichuan. The SLC44A2*02 allele (HNA-3b antigen) frequency varied between 0.24 and 0.33 for all 9 ethnic populations in Yunnan, including Zhuang, Derung, Hani, Lisu, Bai, Miao, Dai, Naxi, and Yi. Specifically, the Yi ethnicity did not present an unusually great SLC44A2*02 frequency at any of the 4 locations examined in Yunnan. Except of the Yi ethnicity in Sichuan (0.40), the Han ethnicity, as the majority population group, had the greatest SLC44A2*02 frequency with 0.39 in Yunnan and 0.35 in Sichuan. The ethnic populations in Southwest China are not at an increased risk for anti-HNA3a compared to the Han population, with the possible exception of Yi in Sichuan. Our data, however, corroborated the known high prevalence of SLC44A2*02 in Han populations. Hence, the Han populations in Yunnan, Sichuan and elsewhere in China are at a comparatively great risk for developing HNA-3a antibodies.

  5. China’s International Behavior. Activism, Opportunism, and Diversification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    assessments of their national goals, see Yan Xuetong, Guoji Zhengzhi yu Zhong - guo [International Politics and China], Beijing , China: Beijing Daxue ...Decisions: Important State Strategies After 1989], Beijing , China: Zhong - yang Dangli Chubanshe, 2004, pp. 783–806. 11 Swaine and Tellis, 2000, pp. 1–20...at the Conference on East Asian Security, Beijing , China, December 15, 2003; and Wang Yi, “Quanqiuhua Jincheng Zhong de Yazhou Quyu Hezuo” [Asian

  6. Korean Affairs Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-10-20

    Haetae Confectionery Saudi Arabia 81.12 Chewing Gum Mfg. Technique Hyundai Lumber Malaysia 86.3 Furniture Factory Construction Hankuk Glass Taiwan...Political Clout (SENTAKU, Aug 86) 61 Heavy Trade in Black- Market Dollar Exchange (Yi Paek-man; MAEIL KYONGJE SINMUN, 22 Aug 86) 66 - b...84 Energy-Efficient Car Being Developed 84 New Compact Cars, Market Strategies 84 Food Irradiation Process Introduced (Pak Kyong-un; HANGUK ILBO

  7. Calligraphy and meditation for stress reduction: an experimental comparison

    OpenAIRE

    Kao, Henry; Zhu,Lin.; Chen,Hao Yi; Liu,Ivy C.Y.; Zhang,Manlin; Chao,An An

    2014-01-01

    Henry SR Kao,1 Lin Zhu,2 An An Chao,3 Hao Yi Chen,4 Ivy CY Liu,5 Manlin Zhang6 1Department of Social Work and Social Administration, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; 2Department of Psychology, Renmin University of China, Beijing, 3International Society of Calligraphy Therapy, Hong Kong; 4Department of Business Administration, National Chengchi University, Taipei, Taiwan, 5Department of Psychology, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan; 6Department of Psychology, Sun Yat-Sen University...

  8. Bulletin of Materials Science | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science; Volume 36; Issue 4. Investigation of localization effect in GaN-rich InGaN alloys and modified band-tail model. Chuan-Zhen Zhao Bin Liu De-Yi Fu Hui Chen Ming Li Xiang-Qian Xiu Zi-Li Xie Shu-Lin Gu You-Dou Zheng. Volume 36 Issue 4 August 2013 pp 619-622 ...

  9. Exploration report in mining reserve XIV

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spoturno Pioppo, J.; Lara Vigil, P.

    1991-01-01

    This report has been referred to the antecedents and works developed in the mining Reservation XIV. This Reservation, covered a 1900 km2 surface, involving the aerial photography Valentines Cerro Chato, Chileno, Rossel y Rius, Sarandi del Yi and Cuchilla del Pescado. It has been reduced this area to western part of the aerial phothograpy Pavas, releasing other areas such as Chileno, Rossel y Rius, Cuchilla del Pescado y Cerro Chato. Finally, gold, sulphures, pirite and carbonates iron oxides findings have been found.

  10. Targeting Histone Abnormality in Triple Negative Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    κB pathway in triple negative breast cancer . 8th International Nitric Oxide Conference & 6th International Nitrite/ Nitrate Conference, Cleveland, OH...1 AWARD NUMBER: W81XWH-14-1-0237 TITLE: Targeting Histone Abnormality in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Yi...TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER Targeting Histone Abnormality in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer 5b. GRANT NUMBER W81XWH-14-1-0237 5c

  11. Eight-day consumption of inulin added to a yogurt breakfast lowers postprandial appetite ratings but not energy intakes in young healthy females: a randomised controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heap, Sarah; Ingram, Jessica; Law, Marron; Tucker, Amy J; Wright, Amanda J

    2016-01-28

    Increasing feelings of satiety may reduce appetite and energy intake. The role of inulin consumption in impacting satiety is unclear. A randomised double-blind controlled crossover trial aimed to determine the effects of inulin+yogurt on satiety after 1 and 8-d consumption. The preload breakfast included 100 g vanilla yogurt with (yogurt-inulin (YI)) and without (yogurt-control (YC)) 6 g inulin. A total of nineteen healthy females (22·8 (sd 2·7) years) with non-restrained eating behaviour and taking hormonal contraceptives participated in the study. Day 1 and 8 visual analogue scale (VAS) ratings of Hunger, Fullness, Desire to Eat and Prospective Food Consumption (PFC) were collected at fasting and every 30 min for 180 min. Energy intake was calculated from a weighed ad libitum lunch and remainder of day food records. Total AUC was calculated for each VAS. Day 1 (VAS only) and 8 (VAS and energy intakes) data were compared between YI and YC using ANCOVA, and ANOVA was used to compare energy intakes on Day 1. There were no significant differences between Day 1 YI and YC AUC appetite ratings or energy intakes. However, 8-d consumption of YI v. YC was associated with lower Desire to Eat and PFC ratings but similar lunch and total day energy intakes. Therefore, the addition of 6 g inulin to a commercially available yogurt affected feelings of appetite, but not energy intake, after repeated consumption. These results suggest that inulin may be a suitable ingredient to increase dietary fibre consumption, with potential to impact appetite.

  12. AHP 44: THE VITALITY OF KHAMS TIBETAN VARIETIES IN WEIXI COUNTY

    OpenAIRE

    Hiroyuki Suzuki

    2017-01-01

    This article presents an overview of the multilingual situation of Weixi County, Yunnan Province, in the southeastern Tibetosphere, and discusses the vitality of several Tibetan varieties currently used by Tibetans in Weixi who live alongside Naxi, Lisu, Bai, Yi, and Pumi people. In this borderland area, most Tibetans are multilingual, speaking Lisu and/or Naxi in addition to Yunnanese, a dialect of Mandarin. I focus on two local Tibetan varieties: Gagatang and Tacheng. The former has become ...

  13. Computer-aided Human Centric Cyber Situation Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-20

    in Video, IJCAI: International Joint Conf. on Artificial Intelligence . 16-JUL-11, . : , Kun Sun, Sushil Jajodia, Jason Li, Yi Cheng, Wei Tang...Cyber-Security Conference, June 2015. 2. V.S. Subrahmanian, Invited Speaker, Summer School on Business Intelligence and Big Data Analysis, Capri, Italy... Cybersecurity Conference, Yuval Ne’eman Workshop for Science, Technology and Security, Tel Aviv University, the Israeli National Cyber Bureau, Prime

  14. Proceedings of the KSME 2009 fall annual meeting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    This proceedings contains articles of the KSME 2009 fall annual meeting. It was held on 4-6 Nov, 2009 in Pyeongchang, Korea. This proceedings is comprised of 10 sessions. The main subject titles of session are as follows: materials and fracture mechanics, CAE and applied mechanics, dynamics and control, fabrication and design, reliability, biotechnology, micro/nano-mechanics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, energy and dynamics. (Yi, J. H.)

  15. Group for High Resolution Sea Surface Temperature (GHRSST) Analysis Fields Inter-Comparisons. Part 2. Near Real Time Web-based Level 4 SST Quality Monitor (L4-SQUAM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Reynoldsr, Viva Banzon*. Helen Beggs h, Jean-Francois Cayula1, Yi Chaoj, Robert Grumbinek, Eileen Maturia, Andy Harrisal. Jonathan Mittaza•’, John...number of valid OSTIA SSTs because NN matching is done to OSTIA grid. A dotted gray line shows an ideal Gaussian fit, X~N(Median, RSD...show significant differences. In the right panels, AT, statistics are annotated on the left side of the histograms, dotted gray line shows an ideal

  16. Magnetic Field Effect in Conjugated Molecules-Based Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-23

    line shapes of magnetoconductance curves for diodes of pentacene:fullerene charge transfer complexes” Org . Electron. 15, 3076 (2014). (AOARD-14-4012...2. “The origins in the transformation of ambipolar to n-type pentacene-based organic field-effect transistors” Org . Electron. 15, 1759 (2014...shell nanoparticles doped PEDOT:PSS hole-transporter. Org . Electron. : Phys. Mater. Appl. 33, 221-226 (2016). 5. Huang, X., Wang, K. Yi, C., Meng, T

  17. Leveraging Technological Capabilities across Polarized Cultures: Shanghai Delco Electronics Limited

    OpenAIRE

    Lucy A. Ojode

    2006-01-01

    Rallying its units for an impending spin-off from General Motors, the Delphi Automotive Systems division cleared the Delphi Delco Electronics (Delphi-D) unit to begin planning for entry into China in 1994. Delphi saw China as ideal for leveraging its technological and innovation capabilities as well as the enormous General Motor heritage and reputation from years of experience delivering quality products to the automotive industry. Delphi-D found a perfect partner in Shanghai Changjiang YiBia...

  18. Growth of meromorphic solutions of higher-order linear differential equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenjuan Chen

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we investigate the higher-order linear differential equations with meromorphic coefficients. We improve and extend a result of M.S. Liu and C.L. Yuan, by using the estimates for the logarithmic derivative of a transcendental meromorphic function due to Gundersen, and the extended Winman-Valiron theory which proved by J. Wang and H.X. Yi. In addition, we also consider the nonhomogeneous linear differential equations.

  19. In celebration of the 60th anniversary proceedings of the KSME 2005 spring annual meeting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2005-01-01

    This proceedings contains articles of 2005 spring annual meeting of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers. It was held on May 25-27, 2005 in Busan, Korea. This proceedings are comprised of 21 sessions. The main subject titles of session are as follows: nondestructive evaluation, fatigue evaluation, computation mechanics, CAE design, vibration, instrumentation, fabrication, optimum design, heat exchanger, fluid mechanics, nano fluid, plasma, heat transfer analysis, energy (Yi, J. H.)

  20. Proceedings of the 1991 Joint International Waste Management Conference

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1991-01-01

    This proceedings contains articles of 1991 joint international waste management conference. It was held on October 21-23, 1991 in Seoul, Korea. The main subject titles are as follows: national waste management programs, waste management in developing countries, incineration - development and experience, site characterization and performance assessment, waste disposal, decontamination and decommissioning, waste solidification and waste form, radioactive waste processing, mixed waste and others (Yi, J. H.)

  1. Proceedings of 2nd Korea-China Congress of Nuclear Medicine and the Korean Society Nuclear Medicine Spring Meeting 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    This proceedings contains articles of 2nd Korea-China Congress of Nuclear Medicine and 2000 spring meeting of the Korean Society Nuclear Medicine. It was held on May 17-19, 2000 in Seoul, Korean. This proceedings is comprised of 6 sessions. The subject titles of session are as follows: general nuclear medicine, neurology, oncology, radiopharmacy and biology, nuclear cardiology, nuclear cardiology: physics and instrumentation and so on. (Yi, J. H.)

  2. Grand Forks - East Grand Forks Urban Water Resources Study. Water Supply Appendix.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-07-01

    investments are required for expansions. Water conservation measures may be implemented at any time. General measures are implemented during drought and...STORAGE DEPLETION 1)’R-FT.’: Sli OP=O , -SAWNT 110F; 1, FUNDEMENTAL ROUTING 98 Fr R Y=2 TO EQUATIONS .408 .LET D(YI=D(f-’.+( 47Y )460.32 448 FOR Y--2

  3. The ability of NT-proBNP to detect chronic heart failure and predict all-cause mortality is higher in elderly Chinese coronary artery disease patients with chronic kidney disease

    OpenAIRE

    Fu, Shihui; Yi,Shuangyan; Liu,Yuan; Zhu,Bing; Wang,Liang; Tiehui Xiao,; Bai,Yongyi; Ye,Ping; Luo,Leiming

    2013-01-01

    Shihui Fu, Leiming Luo, Ping Ye, Shuangyan Yi, Yuan Liu, Bing Zhu, Liang Wang, Tiehui Xiao, Yongyi Bai Department of Geriatric Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China Objective: To analyze the relationship between N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and renal function, and compare the ability and cut-off thresholds of NT-proBNP to detect chronic heart failure (CHF) and predict mortality in elderly Chinese coronary artery disease ...

  4. On the stability of unique range sets for meromorphic functions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ha Huy Khoai; Nguyen Van Khue

    2003-03-01

    For a set S we construct a complex space Z S such that S is a unique range set for meromorphic functions (URS) if and only if Z S is hyperbolic. A consequence of this result is that the set of URS with n elements (considered as a subset of C n ) is open, and then the small deformations of Yi's and Frank-Reinders' sets are URS. (author)

  5. Rotating Detonation Engine Research at NRL

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    Bykovskii, Wolanski, Falempin, Hayashi, Schauer, Yi, Wang, Brophy, Wu, Clafin, Smith, Tsuboi, Frolov, et al.) Recant RDE Studies at NRL Flow-field...Symposium) Injection/inflow effects (JPC 2011~044; ASM 2012-0617, ASM 2013-1178) the expansion region change RDE performance. Can this model be...Efficient Complex Configuration Simulation Capability 158 BASELINE SOLUTION • Basetine configUration Stoichiometric hydrogen-air RDE of Wolanski

  6. Studies of Transitional Flow, Unsteady Separation Phenomena and Particle Induced Augmentation Heating on Ablated Nose Tips.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-10-01

    afforded us the maximum shock layer thickness and thereby thu maximum resolution with high speed cinematography . The basic configuration had a...LOCATION, r/R-0.2 TO 3 ES T SU NZ 10 ■" P P )E 3 H. i I Ä | A \\ tu K m Art 1 W 1 ^wj ■N, 1 Ul GC a. "ö / r yi V V 1>\\ 1’ V ! ^: ’ P" h— TIME

  7. Effects of gender on screening value of aldosterone-renin ratio for primary aldosteronism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ye-qiong SONG

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective To explore the potential influence of gender on screening value of aldosterone-renin ratio (ARR for primary aldosteronism (PA. Methods The biochemical parameters were collected of 451 PA patients and 300 essential hypertension (EH patients who were diagnosed in the General Hospital of PLA from 1992 to 2014. Each group was then divided into two groups by gender. The clinical characteristics were compared and then the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC was conducted to evaluate the best cut-off value. Results The plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC, serum sodium and ARR were much higher, but the plasma rennin activity (PRA, serum potassium and BMI were much lower in PA patients than in EH patients (P0.05. The best cut-off value of ARR in male PA patients was 19.11, the relevant area under the curve (AUC was 0.968, the sensitivity and specificity was 92.44% and 93.08%, and the Youden index (YI was 0.86. The best cut-off value of ARR in female PA patients was 27.26, with AUC 0.956, sensitivity 92.07%, specificity 90.00% and YI 0.82, respectively. If the cut-off value was set at 27.26 in males, the specificity would rise a little, but the sensitivity and YI would sharply decrease. Similarly, the sensitivity would increase a little but the specificity and YI would fall substantially if the cut-off value in females was set at 19.11. The best cut-off value of ARR in men was smaller than the official value recommended by guidelines. Conclusion Gender is an important factor should be considered while ARR is used in PA screening, and the cut-off value of ARR in screening female PA patients should be setting higher. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2017.01.10

  8. Biodegradation of an Organophosphate Chemical Warfare Agent Simulant by Activated Sludge with Varying Solid Retention Times

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-21

    Biochemistry , 14(3), 219-222. doi: 10.1016/0038-0717(82)90028-1 Nerve agents. (2008). In F. R. Sidell, J. Newmark & J. H. McDonough (Eds.), Medical aspects...Environmental Sciences, 21(1), 76-82. doi: 10.1016/S1001-0742(09)60014-0 Yi, T., Barr, W., & Harper , W. F. (2012). Electron density-based

  9. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z All. Z. Zachariah, Ayuba · Zachariah, Babangida · Zaharaddeen, Isa · Zakari, Y.I. · Zaky, SK · Zarma, SS · Zenmyo, T · Zubairu, G · Zubairu, MM 651 - 659 of 659 Items << < 9 10 11 12 13 14. ISSN: 1597-6343. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL.

  10. Sustained release of vancomycin from novel biodegradable nanofiber-loaded vascular prosthetic grafts: in vitro and in vivo study

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Kuo-Sheng; Lee, Cheng-Hung; Wang, Yi-Chuan; Liu, Shih-Jung

    2015-01-01

    Kuo-Sheng Liu,1 Cheng-Hung Lee,2 Yi-Chuan Wang,3 Shih-Jung Liu3 1Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan; 2Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Linkou, Taiwan; 3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chang Gung University, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan Abstract: This study describes novel biodegradable, drug-eluting nanofiber-loaded vascular prosthetic grafts that provide local and sustained...

  11. Geochemistry, geochronology, and tectonic setting of Early Cretaceous volcanic rocks in the northern segment of the Tan-Lu Fault region, northeast China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, Yi-Yun; Zhang, Jin-Jiang; Liu, Kai; Ge, Mao-Hui; Wang, Meng; Wang, Jia-Min

    2017-08-01

    We present new geochemical and geochronological data for volcanic and related rocks in the regions of the Jia-Yi and Dun-Mi faults, in order to constrain the late Mesozoic tectonic evolution of the northern segment of the Tan-Lu Fault. Zircon U-Pb dating shows that rhyolite and intermediate-mafic rocks along the southern part of the Jia-Yi Fault formed at 124 and 113 Ma, respectively, whereas the volcanic rocks along the northern parts of the Jia-Yi and Dun-Mi faults formed at 100 Ma. The rhyolite has an A-type granitoid affinity, with high alkalis, low MgO, Ti, and P contents, high rare earth element (REE) contents and Ga/Al ratios, enrichments in large-ion lithophile (LILEs; e.g., Rb, Th, and U) and high-field-strength element (HFSEs; e.g., Nb, Ta, Zr, and Y), and marked negative Eu anomalies. These features indicate that the rhyolites were derived from partial melting of crustal material in an extensional environment. The basaltic rocks are enriched in light REEs and LILEs (e.g., Rb, K, Th, and U), and depleted in heavy REEs, HFSEs (e.g., Nb, Ta, Ti, and P), and Sr. These geochemical characteristics indicate that these rocks are calc-alkaline basalts that formed in an intraplate extensional tectonic setting. The dacite is a medium- to high-K, calc-alkaline, I-type granite that was derived from a mixed source involving both crustal and mantle components in a magmatic arc. Therefore, the volcanic rocks along the Jia-Yi and Dun-Mi faults were formed in an extensional regime at 124-100 Ma (Early Cretaceous), and these faults were extensional strike-slip faults at this time.

  12. Altered regional homogeneity of spontaneous brain activity in idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Yanping; Zhang, Xiaoling; Guan, Qiaobing; Wan, Lihong; Yi, Yahui; Liu, Chun-Feng

    2015-01-01

    Yanping Wang,1,2 Xiaoling Zhang,2 Qiaobing Guan,2 Lihong Wan,2 Yahui Yi,2 Chun-Feng Liu1 1Department of Neurology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu Province, 2Department of Neurology, The Second Hospital of Jiaxing City, Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province, People’s Republic of China Abstract: The pathophysiology of idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (ITN) has conventionally been thought to be induced by neurovascular compression theory. Recent structural ...

  13. Demonstration of Energy Savings in Commercial Buildings for Tiered Trim and Respond Method in Resetting Static Pressure for VAV Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-01

    ADDRESS(ES) 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNONOLOGY 1350 BEARDSHEAR HALL AMES IA 50011-2025 9...Volume CEC California Energy Commission CO2 Carbon Dioxide DDC Direct Digital Control DoD Department of Defense DOE Department of Energy...Keith Kutz, Britta Sandberg Iowa State University : Nicholas Haberl, Yi Liu, Ganesh Krishnan Iowa Army National Guard: Kimberly Dickey, David Shea

  14. Vapor Pressure Data Analysis and Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    near 8, 2000, and 200, respectively. The A (or a) value is directly related to vapor pressure and will be greater for high vapor pressure materials...1, (10) where n is the number of data points, Yi is the natural logarithm of the i th experimental vapor pressure value, and Xi is the...VAPOR PRESSURE DATA ANALYSIS AND STATISTICS ECBC-TR-1422 Ann Brozena RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY DIRECTORATE

  15. The 2nd International Conference on Agricultural and Biological Sciences (ABS 2016)

    OpenAIRE

    Pei, Lei; Wang, Zhenhua; Zhang, Jinzhu; Li, Wenhao; Ting, Adeline S. Y.; Chow, Yiing Y.; Rahman, Sadequr; Wei, Rongchang; Hu, Zhang; Li, Sidong; Li, Chuyan; Li, Zijuan; Wang, Guoxia; Yang, Yuzhen; Chen, Gang

    2016-01-01

    Table of contents 01 The influence of soil salt content on the photosynthetic characteristics of spring wheat with trickle irrigation Lei Pei, Zhenhua Wang, Jinzhu Zhang, Wenhao Li 02 Comparing growth of fast-growing and slow-growing endophytes in plants via ergosterol quantification Adeline SY Ting, Yiing Y Chow, Sadequr Rahman 03 Transcriptome and digital gene expression analysis identifies putative triterpene saponin-biosynthetic genes of Panax notoginseng Rongchang Wei 04 Chitosan-assiste...

  16. 学位論文スタイル・ガイド

    OpenAIRE

    李, 一清; 風間, 千秋; 岩﨑, 千恵; 姜, 信一; 宋, 理鏑; 森, 勝馬; 劉, 亜平; 金,慈恵; 岩成, 俊策

    2007-01-01

    This style guide is a result of cooperative work by Dr. Ilcheong Yi, Associate Professor, Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University and the students reading masters and doctors in the Graduate School of Social and Cultural Studies, Chie Iwasaki, Chiaki Kazama, Mori Katsuma, Jahye Kim, Yaping Liu, and Minho Song. It aims to provide the students writing theses and academic articles at the graduate school with a guide on quoting, citing and referencing. The main contents ...

  17. A Self-Assembling Protein Hydrogel Technology for Enzyme Incorporation onto Electrodes in Biofuel Cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-26

    an ordered 3-dimentional space. In the first stage, we constructed protein building blocks able to self-assemble into 3D protein hydrogel upon...Chem 23, 1891-1901 (2012). 26. Jung, S. & Yi, H. Facile Strategy for Protein Conjugation with Chitosan -Poly(ethylene glycol) Hybrid Microparticle...multiple enzymes in an ordered 3-dimentional space. In the first stage, we constructed protein building blocks able to self-assemble into 3D protein

  18. Quantitative trait loci for rice yield-related traits using recombinant ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2011-08-19

    Aug 19, 2011 ... lated by map-based cloning strategy (Ashikari et al. 2005). ... 2000; Kojima et al. 2002; Doi et al. 2004). ... and PH but also on rice yield (Xue et al. 2008; Yan et al. ..... Cho Y. C., Suh J. P., Choi I. S., Hong H. C., Baek M. K., Kang K. H. et al. .... Yan C. J., Liang G. H., Chen F., Li X., Tang S. Z., Yi C. D. et al.

  19. Resilience among caregivers of children with chronic conditions: a concept analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Fang-Yi; Rong,Jiin-Ru; Lee,

    2013-01-01

    Fang-Yi Lin, Jiin-Ru Rong, Tzu-Ying Lee Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China Abstract: The purpose of this concept analysis is to uncover the essential elements involved in caregivers' resilience in the context of caring for children with chronic conditions. Walker and Avant's methodology guided the analysis. The study includes a literature review of conceptual definitions of car...

  20. 76 FR 26309 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-06

    ... U.S.C. App.), notice is hereby given of the following meetings. The meetings will be closed to the public in accordance with the provisions set forth in sections 552b(c)(4) and 552b(c)(6), Title 5 U.S.C... Westin Long Beach, 333 East Ocean Boulevard, Long Beach, CA 90802. Contact Person: Yi-Hsin Liu, PhD...

  1. 75 FR 51082 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-18

    ... U.S.C. App.), notice is hereby given of the following meetings. The meetings will be closed to the public in accordance with the provisions set forth in sections 552b(c)(4) and 552b(c)(6), Title 5 U.S.C... Conference Call). Contact Person: Yi-Hsin Liu, PhD, Scientific Review Officer, Center for Scientific Review...

  2. 78 FR 27243 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-09

    ... U.S.C. App.), notice is hereby given of the following meetings. The meetings will be closed to the public in accordance with the provisions set forth in sections 552b(c)(4) and 552b(c)(6), Title 5 U.S.C... Center, 7400 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814. Contact Person: Yi-Hsin Liu, Ph.D., Scientific Review...

  3. "Um vasto prazer, quieto e profundo"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Robert Moraes

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A descrição da tortura de um rato, no conto "A causa secreta" de Machado de Assis, pode parecer tímida se comparada às cenas de suplício narradas por Sade. Todavia, uma leitura mais atenta encontrará ali as condições essenciais para a eclosão de uma misteriosa forma de prazer que costuma estar associada à figura do "sádico". Uma tal aproximação surpreende ainda mais quando se constata que o sadismo do protagonista do conto assume contornos bem mais verossímeis do que as inconcebíveis fabulações de crueldade dos devassos do marquês. Este texto parte do confronto entre os dois autores, valendo-se do diálogo entre uma dimensão estética (o realismo e outra ética (o mal, na tentativa de propor uma interpretação do conto machadiano.The description of a mouse being tortured in Machado de Assis's short story "A causa secreta" [English translation: "The Secret Heart"] may seem timid if compared with the scenes of agony narrated by the Marquis De Sade. Nevertheless, a detailed reading will find in this short story essential conditions for the outburst of a mysterious form of pleasure that is usually associated with the image of a "sadist". A closer look might surprise the reader even more with the acknowledgement that the sadism of the protagonist takes on shapes that are more verisimilar than the inconceivable accounts of cruelty of the Marquis's dissolute characters. By means of a dialogue between an aesthetic dimension (realism and an ethic dimension (evil, this essay confronts these two authors in an attempt to propose an interpretation of Machado de Assis's short story.

  4. The prelimbic cortex uses contextual cues to modulate responding towards predictive stimuli during fear renewal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharpe, Melissa; Killcross, Simon

    2015-02-01

    Previous research suggests the prelimbic (PL) cortex is involved in expression of conditioned fear (Burgos-Robles, Vidal-Gonzalez, & Quirk, 2009; Corcoran & Quirk, 2007). However, there is a long history of research in the appetitive domain which implicates this region in using higher-order cues to modulate a behavioural response (Birrell & Brown, 2000; Floresco, Block, & Tse, 2008; Marquis, Killcross, & Haddon, 2007; Sharpe & Killcross, 2014). For example, the PL cortex is necessary to allow animals to use contextual cues to disambiguate response conflict in ambiguous circumstances (Marquis et al., 2007). Using an ABA fear renewal procedure, we assessed the role of the PL cortex in using contextual cues to modulate a response towards a conditioned stimulus (CS) in an aversive setting. We found that pre-training lesions of the PL cortex did not impact on the expression or extinction of conditioned fear. Rather, they selectively abolished renewal. Functional inactivation of the PL cortex during extinction did not disrupt the subsequent renewal of conditioned fear or the ability of animals to exhibit fear towards a CS during the extinction session. However, PL inactivation during the renewal test session disrupted the ability of animals to demonstrate a reinstatement of responding in the renewal context. An analysis of orienting responses showed that renewal deficits were accompanied by a lack of change in attentional responding towards the CS. These data suggest the PL cortex uses contextual cues to modulate both a behavioural and an attentional response during aversive procedures. We argue that the role of the PL cortex in the expression of conditioned fear is to use higher-order information to modulate responding towards predictive cues in ambiguous circumstance. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Les étudiants ont la parole : typologie des caractéristiques des activités technologiques de langue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martine Peters

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Cet article présente une recherche qualitative s’appuyant sur une analyse de construits (Kelly, 1995 réalisée auprès de 71 étudiants inscrits dans des cours de français langue seconde dans cinq universités canadiennes. Les objectifs poursuivis par cette recherche sont d’une part, de réaliser un recensement d’activités technologiques de langue tels que les étudiants les ont utilisées dans leurs cours de français et d’autres part, d’établir une catégorisation des caractéristiques de ces activités. Tout en s’inspirant de certains aspects de modèles existant (Chamberland, Lavoie, et Marquis, 1996; Burnett (2000; Poellbhuber et Boulanger (2001; Perrault (2003; Cantin (2008, cet article propose une typologie de six grands types d’activités basée sur sept continuums bipolaires. Cette typologie de caractéristiques présente des profils différents pour chaque type d’activité et offre des retombées pédagogiques avantageuses pour les professeurs de langue. This paper presents the results of a qualitative construct analysis (Kelly, 1995 survey conducted with 71 students enrolled in French as a second language courses at five Canadian universities. The objectives of this research are to conduct a census of language technological activities that students have used in their French classes and to categorize their characteristics. A typology of six major types of activities based on seven bipolar continua is proposed. This typology presents different profiles for each type of activity and provides educational tools for language teachers. The typology draws on some aspects of existing models from Chamberland, Lavoie, and Marquis (1996, Burnett (2000, Poellbhuber and Boulanger (2001, Perrault (2003 and Cantin (2008.

  6. Ethnic variations in myopia and ocular biometry among adults in a rural community in China: the Yunnan minority eye studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Chen-Wei; Chen, Qin; Sheng, Xun; Li, Jun; Niu, Zhiqiang; Zhou, Hua; Wei, Tao; Yuan, Yuansheng; Zhong, Hua

    2015-05-01

    To determine the prevalence of myopia and ocular biometry in population-based samples of ethnic Yi and Han people living in an inland rural community in China. A random cluster sampling strategy was used to select ethnic Han and Yi adults aged 50 years or older living in Yunnan. Refractive error was determined by subjective refraction and ocular biometric parameters, including axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), vitreous chamber depth (VCD), and lens thickness (LT), which were measured using an Echoscan. Adults of Yi ethnicity had lower prevalence of myopia (10.3% vs. 8.1%; P = 0.02) and high myopia (2.3% vs. 1.6%; P = 0.10) than their counterparts of Han ethnicity. The prevalence of myopia increased with age (P for trend ethnic groups (both P for trend > 0.05). In multivariate analysis, time spent outdoors was associated with myopia (P = 0.003) and AL (P ethnicity and other risk factors on myopia (all P > 0.05). Adjustment for lens nuclear opacity score reduced the excess prevalence of myopia in Han ethnicity by 37.5%. There was little evidence showing that ethnic disparities existed in the prevalence and risk factors between the major and minor ethnic groups living in the same communities in rural China. The "cohort effect" on myopia observed in many other populations was not seen in this study.

  7. Ethnic Variations in Central Corneal Thickness in a Rural Population in China: The Yunnan Minority Eye Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Chen-Wei; Li, Jun; Zhong, Hua; Shen, Wei; Niu, Zhiqiang; Yuan, Yuansheng; Chen, Qin

    2015-01-01

    To describe the ethnic differences in central corneal thickness (CCT) in population-based samples of ethnic Bai, Yi and Han people living in rural China. 6504 adults (2119 ethnic Bai, 2202 ethnic Yi and 2183 ethnic Han) aged 50 years or older participated in the study. Each subject underwent standardized ocular examinations and interviewer-administered questionnaires for risk factor assessment. CCT was measured for both eyes using an ultrasound pachymeter. Regression and principal component analysis were performed to examine the relationship of ethnicity and other factors with CCT. The mean CCT readings were 536.4 ± 34.2 μm in ethnic Bai, 532.1 ± 32.1 μm in ethnic Yi and 529.6 ± 32.7 μm in ethnic Han adults (Pethnic groups. In multivariate linear regression models, increasing CCT was associated with younger age (Pethnicity, greater body mass index (PEthnicity contributed significantly to presence of thin cornea (60%; Pethnic groups. This study of more than 6500 multiethnic participants demonstrates significant ethnic variations in CCT, with Han ethnicity having the thinnest cornea compared with ethnic minorities. These data are essential to guide future multiethnic clinical trials on CCT-related ocular conditions such as glaucoma.

  8. [Study on the antibacterial activity of four kinds of nano-hydroxyapatite composites against Enterococcus faecalis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yi; Zhou, Rongjing; Wu, Hongkun

    2015-06-01

    This study aims to compare and determine a kind of nano-hydroxyapatite composite material with good antibacterial efficacy on Enterococcusfaecalis (E. faecalis) in vitro. We investigated the antimicrobial activity of four kinds of nano-hydroxyapatite composites, namely, silver/hydroxyapatite composite nanoparticles (Ag/nHA), yttrium/hydroxyapatite composite nanoparticles (Yi/nHA), cerium/hydroxyapatite composite nanoparticles (Ce/nHA), and hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (nHA), against E. faecalis in vitro using the agar diffusion and broth dilution method by measuring the growth inhibition zone and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), respectively. The agar diffusion test results showed that Ag/nHA displayed an obvious growth inhibition zone, whereas Yi/nHA, Ce/nHA, and nHA showed no influence on E. faecalis. The MIC value of Ag/nHA was 1.0 g.L-1, and the three other materials had no effect on E.faecalis even at the high concentration of 32.0 g.L-1. Ag/nHA display a potential antimicrobial efficacy to planktonic E.faecalis. Whereas, the three other kinds of nano-hydroxyapatite composites (Yi/nHA, Ce/nHA, nHA) show no influence.

  9. Effect of HALS on radiation discoloration of PE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Huiliang; Wang Chun; Chen Wenxiu

    2001-01-01

    The effects of hindered amine light stabilizers (HALS) on the radiation-induced discoloration of polyethylene (PE) are studied by measuring the yellowness index (YI) of PE. It is found that all the HALS used are effective in preventing PE from radiation-induced discoloration. The YI of PE added pentamethyl HALS (PMPM, PPMPM) is a little higher than that of PE added corresponding tetramethyl HALS (TMPM, PTMPM) when radiation dose is low than 100 kGy, but when the radiation dose is higher than 100 kGy, the YI of PE added pentamethyl HALS is lower. Pentamethyl HALS is more effective in preventing PE from radiation-induced discoloration when radiation dose is higher. It is also found that polymeric HALS is more effective in preventing PE from radiation-induced discoloration than corresponding monomeric HALS when radiation dose is higher than 200 kGy. The formation of alkyl free radical, carbonyl after irradiation is measured. It is found that the relative concentration of free radical formed in PE added TMPM is higher than that of PE added PMPM when radiation dose is relatively high. The carbonyl index of PE containing pentamethyl HALS is less than that of PE containing tetramethyl HALS when radiation is relatively low, but the results is contrary when radiation dose is relatively high. It is believed that HALS prevents PE from radiation-induced discoloration by scavenging free radicals formed in irradiated PE

  10. Iyengar-Yoga Compared to Exercise as a Therapeutic Intervention during (Neoadjuvant Therapy in Women with Stage I–III Breast Cancer: Health-Related Quality of Life, Mindfulness, Spirituality, Life Satisfaction, and Cancer-Related Fatigue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Désirée Lötzke

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to test the effects of yoga on health-related quality of life, life satisfaction, cancer-related fatigue, mindfulness, and spirituality compared to conventional therapeutic exercises during (neoadjuvant cytotoxic and endocrine therapy in women with breast cancer. In a randomized controlled trial 92 women with breast cancer undergoing oncological treatment were randomly enrolled for a yoga intervention (YI (n=45 or for a physical exercise intervention (PEI (n=47. Measurements were obtained before (t0 and after the intervention (t1 as well as 3 months after finishing intervention (t2 using standardized questionnaires. Life satisfaction and fatigue improved under PEI (p<0.05 but not under YI (t0 to t2. Regarding quality of life (EORTC QLQ-C30 a direct effect (t0 to t1; p<0.001 of YI was found on role and emotional functioning, while under PEI only emotional functioning improved. Significant improvements (p<0.001 were observed at both t1 and t2 also for symptom scales in both groups: dyspnea, appetite loss, constipation, and diarrhea. There was no significant difference between therapies for none of the analyzed variables neither for t1 nor for t2. During chemotherapy, yoga was not seen as more helpful than conventional therapeutic exercises. This does not argue against its use in the recovery phase.

  11. Prevalence, types and awareness of glaucoma in a multi-ethnic population in rural China: the Yunnan Minority Eye Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Chen-Wei; Zhao, Chun-Hua; Yu, Min-Bin; Cun, Qing; Chen, Qin; Shen, Wei; Li, Jun; Xu, Jian-Gang; Yuan, Yuansheng; Zhong, Hua

    2016-11-01

    To determine the prevalence, types and awareness of glaucoma in a rural community in China and to examine possible ethnic variations. The Yunnan Minority Eye Study was a multi-ethnic community-based eye survey using random cluster sampling strategies. 2133 Bai, 2205 Han and 2208 Yi Chinese aged 50 years or older participated in this study. Glaucoma including primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG), primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) and secondary glaucoma was defined based on the International Society of Geographical and Epidemiological Ophthalmology criteria. The overall age-standardized prevalence of all glaucoma was 2.6% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.2-3.1%) in this population. It was 1.8% (95% CI: 1.1-1.9%) for POAG and 0.5% (95% CI: 0.9-1.6%) for PACG, respectively. Among 29 people with secondary glaucoma, 27 (93%) were blind in at least one eye. The presence of primary open-angle glaucoma was associated with male gender (odds ratio [OR] = 2.94; comparing men with women), Yi ethnicity (OR = 2.27; comparing Yi with Han people), higher IOP (OR = 1.09 per mmHg increase), and the presence of myopia (OR = 1.84). Of the 212 participants with glaucoma, only 38 (18%) were aware of the disease and had been diagnosed previously as having glaucoma or suspected glaucoma. Patients who were better educated tended to be aware of the disease. Significant ethnic difference in the prevalence of POAG was observed in this study. The low awareness of glaucoma highlights the pressing need to increase public awareness of this potentially blinding condition in rural China. © 2016 The Authors Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics © 2016 The College of Optometrists.

  12. Attention deficits revealed by passive auditory change detection for pure tones and lexical tones in ADHD children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ming-Tao; Hsu, Chun-Hsien; Yeh, Pei-Wen; Lee, Wang-Tso; Liang, Jao-Shwann; Fu, Wen-Mei; Lee, Chia-Ying

    2015-01-01

    Inattention (IA) has been a major problem in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), accounting for their behavioral and cognitive dysfunctions. However, there are at least three processing steps underlying attentional control for auditory change detection, namely pre-attentive change detection, involuntary attention orienting, and attention reorienting for further evaluation. This study aimed to examine whether children with ADHD would show deficits in any of these subcomponents by using mismatch negativity (MMN), P3a, and late discriminative negativity (LDN) as event-related potential (ERP) markers, under the passive auditory oddball paradigm. Two types of stimuli-pure tones and Mandarin lexical tones-were used to examine if the deficits were general across linguistic and non-linguistic domains. Participants included 15 native Mandarin-speaking children with ADHD and 16 age-matched controls (across groups, age ranged between 6 and 15 years). Two passive auditory oddball paradigms (lexical tones and pure tones) were applied. The pure tone oddball paradigm included a standard stimulus (1000 Hz, 80%) and two deviant stimuli (1015 and 1090 Hz, 10% each). The Mandarin lexical tone oddball paradigm's standard stimulus was /yi3/ (80%) and two deviant stimuli were /yi1/ and /yi2/ (10% each). The results showed no MMN difference, but did show attenuated P3a and enhanced LDN to the large deviants for both pure and lexical tone changes in the ADHD group. Correlation analysis showed that children with higher ADHD tendency, as indexed by parents' and teachers' ratings on ADHD symptoms, showed less positive P3a amplitudes when responding to large lexical tone deviants. Thus, children with ADHD showed impaired auditory change detection for both pure tones and lexical tones in both involuntary attention switching, and attention reorienting for further evaluation. These ERP markers may therefore be used for the evaluation of anti-ADHD drugs that aim to

  13. Relationship between Sensory Perception and Frailty in a Community-Dwelling Elderly Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somekawa, S; Mine, T; Ono, K; Hayashi, N; Obuchi, S; Yoshida, H; Kawai, H; Fujiwara, Y; Hirano, H; Kojima, M; Ihara, K; Kim, H

    2017-01-01

    Aging anorexia, defined as loss of appetite and/or reduced food intake, has been postulated as a risk factor for frailty. Impairments of taste and smell perception in elderly people can lead to reduced enjoyment of food and contribute to the anorexia of aging. To evaluate the relationship between frailty and taste and smell perception in elderly people living in urban areas. Data from the baseline evaluation of 768 residents aged ≥ 65 years who enrolled in a comprehensive geriatric health examination survey was analyzed. Fourteen out of 29-items of Appetite, Hunger, Sensory Perception questionnaire (AHSP), frailty, age, sex, BMI, chronic conditions and IADL were evaluated. AHSP was analyzed as the total score of 8 taste items (T) and 6 smell items (S). Frailty was diagnosed using a modified Fried's frailty criteria. The area under the receiver operator curves for detection of frailty demonstrated that T (0.715) had moderate accuracy, but S (0.657) had low accuracy. The cutoffs, sensitivity, specificity and Youden Index (YI) values for each perception were T: Cutoff 26.5 (YI: 0.350, sensitivity: 0.639, specificity: 0.711) and S: Cutoff 18.5 (YI: 0.246, sensitivity: 0.690, specificity: 0.556). Results from multiple logistic regression models, after adjusting for age, sex, IADL and chronic conditions showed that participants under the T cutoff were associated with exhaustion and those below the S cutoff were associated with slow walking speed. The adjusted logistic models for age, sex, IADL and chronic conditions showed significant association between T and frailty (OR 2.81, 95% CI 1.29-6.12), but not between S and frailty (OR 1.73, 95% CI 0.83-3.63). Taste and smell perception, particularly taste perception, were associated with a greater risk of frailty in community-dwelling elderly people. These results suggest that lower taste and smell perception may be an indicator of frailty in old age.

  14. Behaviors Related to Mosquito-Borne Diseases among Different Ethnic Minority Groups along the China-Laos Border Areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chao; Guo, Xiaofang; Zhao, Jun; Lv, Quan; Li, Hongbin; McNeil, Edward B; Chongsuvivatwong, Virasakdi; Zhou, Hongning

    2017-10-15

    Background : In China, mosquito-borne diseases are most common in the sub-tropical area of Yunnan province. The objective of this study was to examine behaviors related to mosquito-borne diseases in different ethnic minority groups and different socioeconomic groups of people living in this region. Methods : A stratified two-stage cluster sampling technique with probability proportional to size was used in Mengla County, Xishuangbanna Prefecture, Yunnan. Twelve villages were used to recruit adult (≥18 years old) and eight schools were used for children (related to mosquito-borne diseases was devised. Results : Multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) grouped 20 behaviors into three domains, namely, environmental condition, bed net use behaviors, and repellent use behaviors, respectively. The Han ethnicity had the lowest odds of rearing pigs, their odds being significantly lower than those of Yi and Yao. For bed net use, Dai and other ethnic minority groups were less likely to use bed nets compared to Yi and Yao. The odds of repellent use in the Han ethnicity was lower than in Yi, but higher than in Dai. The Dai group was the most likely ethnicity to use repellents. Farmers were at a higher risk for pig rearing and not using repellents. Education of less than primary school held the lowest odds of pig rearing. Those with low income were at a higher risk for not using bed nets and repellent except in pig rearing. Those with a small family size were at a lower risk for pig rearing. Conclusion : Different ethnic and socioeconomic groups in the study areas require different specific emphases for the prevention of mosquito-borne diseases.

  15. Betatrophin: A liver-derived hormone for the pancreatic β-cell proliferation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raghow, Rajendra

    2013-12-15

    The pancreatic β-cell failure which invariably accompanies insulin resistance in the liver and skeletal muscle is a hallmark of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The persistent hyperglycemia of T2DM is often treated with anti-diabetic drugs with or without subcutaneous insulin injections, neither of which mimic the physiological glycemic control seen in individuals with fully functional pancreas. A sought after goal for the treatment of T2DM has been to harness the regenerative potential of pancreatic β-cells that might obviate a need for exogenous insulin injections. A new study towards attaining this aim was reported by Yi et al, who have characterized a liver-derived protein, named betatrophin, capable of inducing pancreatic β-cell proliferation in mice. Using a variety of in vitro and in vivo methods, Yi et al, have shown that betatrophin was expressed mainly in the liver and adipose tissue of mice. Exogenous expression of betatrophin in the liver led to dramatic increase in the pancreatic β-cell mass and higher output of insulin in mice that also concomitantly elicited improved glucose tolerance. The authors discovered that betatrophin was also present in the human plasma. Surprisingly, betatrophin has been previously described by three other names, i.e., re-feeding-induced fat and liver protein, lipasin and atypical angiopoeitin-like 8, by three independent laboratories, as nutritionally regulated liver-enriched factors that control serum triglyceride levels and lipid metabolism. Yi et al demonstration of betatrophin, as a circulating hormone that regulates β-cell proliferation, if successfully translated in the clinic, holds the potential to change the course of current therapies for diabetes.

  16. Empleo de aceites esenciales como antioxidantes naturales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zydgalo, J. A.

    1995-10-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this study were to determine and compare the antioxidant effect of essential oils from Thymus vulgaris, Laurus nobilis, Foeniculum vulgare, Eucalyptus globules, Tagetes minuta, Satureja parvifolia and Lippia polystachya in soybean oil. The concentrations of volatile oils in soybean oil were 0.1% and 0.02%. The antioxidant activity was measured by peroxide values. Thymus vulgaris and L. nobilis essential oils exhibited a significant antioxidant activity, followed by F. vulgare and E. globules in a decreasing order. Tagetes minuta, S. parvifolia and L. polystachya had not effect, and their contribution to the stability of soybean oil was negligible.

    Los objetivos de este estudio fueron determinar y comparar el efecto antioxidante de los aceites esenciales de Thymus vulgaris, Laurus nobilis, Foeniculum vulgare, Eucalyptus globulus, Tagetes minuta, Satureja parvifolia y Lippia polystachya en el aceite de soja. Las concentraciones de las esencias en el aceite de soja fueron 0.1% y 0.02%. La actividad antioxidante fue medida por los valores de peróxido. Los aceites esenciales de T. vulgaris y> L nobilis exhibieron una significativa acción antioxidante seguidos, en orden decreciente, por F. vulgare y> E. globulus. Las esencias de T. minuta, S. parvifolia y> L polystachya no mostraron efecto antioxidante y su contribución a la estabilidad oxidativa del aceite de soja fue despreciable.

  17. Behaviors Related to Mosquito-Borne Diseases among Different Ethnic Minority Groups along the China-Laos Border Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chao Wu

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: In China, mosquito-borne diseases are most common in the sub-tropical area of Yunnan province. The objective of this study was to examine behaviors related to mosquito-borne diseases in different ethnic minority groups and different socioeconomic groups of people living in this region. Methods: A stratified two-stage cluster sampling technique with probability proportional to size was used in Mengla County, Xishuangbanna Prefecture, Yunnan. Twelve villages were used to recruit adult (≥18 years old and eight schools were used for children (<18 years old. A questionnaire on behaviors and environment variables related to mosquito-borne diseases was devised. Results: Multiple correspondence analysis (MCA grouped 20 behaviors into three domains, namely, environmental condition, bed net use behaviors, and repellent use behaviors, respectively. The Han ethnicity had the lowest odds of rearing pigs, their odds being significantly lower than those of Yi and Yao. For bed net use, Dai and other ethnic minority groups were less likely to use bed nets compared to Yi and Yao. The odds of repellent use in the Han ethnicity was lower than in Yi, but higher than in Dai. The Dai group was the most likely ethnicity to use repellents. Farmers were at a higher risk for pig rearing and not using repellents. Education of less than primary school held the lowest odds of pig rearing. Those with low income were at a higher risk for not using bed nets and repellent except in pig rearing. Those with a small family size were at a lower risk for pig rearing. Conclusion: Different ethnic and socioeconomic groups in the study areas require different specific emphases for the prevention of mosquito-borne diseases.

  18. Attention deficits revealed by passive auditory change detection for pure tones and lexical tones in ADHD children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Tao eYang

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Inattention has been a major problem in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, accounting for their behavioral and cognitive dysfunctions. However, there are at least three processing steps underlying attentional control for auditory change detection, namely pre-attentive change detection, involuntary attention orienting, and attention reorienting for further evaluation. This study aimed to examine whether children with ADHD would show deficits in any of these subcomponents by using mismatch negativity (MMN, P3a, and late discriminative negativity (LDN as event-related potential (ERP markers, under the passive auditory oddball paradigm. Two types of stimuli - pure tones and Mandarin lexical tones - were used to examine if the deficits were general across linguistic and non-linguistic domains. Participants included 15 native Mandarin-speaking children with ADHD and 16 age-matched controls (across groups, age ranged between 6 and 15 years. Two passive auditory oddball paradigms (lexical tones and pure tones were applied. Pure tone paradigm included standard stimuli (1000 Hz, 80% and two deviant stimuli (1015 Hz and 1090 Hz, 10% each. The Mandarin lexical tone paradigm’s standard stimuli was /yi3/ (80% and two deviant stimuli were /yi1/ and /yi2/ (10% each. The results showed no MMN difference, but did show attenuated P3a and enhanced LDN to the large deviants for both pure and lexical tone changes in the ADHD group. Correlation analysis showed that children with higher ADHD tendency, as indexed by parents’ and teachers’ rating on ADHD symptoms, showed less positive P3a amplitudes when responding to large lexical tone deviants. Thus, children with ADHD showed impaired auditory change detection for both pure tones and lexical tones in both involuntary attention switching, and attention reorienting for further evaluation. These ERP markers may therefore be used for evaluation of anti-ADHD drugs that aim to alleviate these

  19. The geographic distribution patterns of HIV-, HCV- and co-infections among drug users in a national methadone maintenance treatment program in Southwest China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yi-Biao; Liang, Song; Wang, Qi-Xing; Gong, Yu-Han; Nie, Shi-Jiao; Nan, Lei; Yang, Ai-Hui; Liao, Qiang; Song, Xiu-Xia; Jiang, Qing-Wu

    2014-03-10

    HIV-, HCV- and HIV/HCV co-infections among drug users have become a rapidly emerging global public health problem. In order to constrain the dual epidemics of HIV/AIDS and drug use, China has adopted a methadone maintenance treatment program (MMTP) since 2004. Studies of the geographic heterogeneity of HIV and HCV infections at a local scale are sparse, which has critical implications for future MMTP implementation and health policies covering both HIV and HCV prevention among drug users in China. This study aimed to characterize geographic patterns of HIV and HCV prevalence at the township level among drug users in a Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Southwest of China. Data on demographic and clinical characteristics of all clients in the 11 MMTP clinics of the Yi Autonomous Prefecture from March 2004 to December 2012 were collected. A GIS-based geographic analysis involving geographic autocorrelation analysis and geographic scan statistics were employed to identify the geographic distribution pattern of HIV-, HCV- and co-infections among drug users. A total of 6690 MMTP clients was analyzed. The prevalence of HIV-, HCV- and co-infections were 25.2%, 30.8%, and 10.9% respectively. There were significant global and local geographic autocorrelations for HIV-, HCV-, and co-infection. The Moran's I was 0.3015, 0.3449, and 0.3155, respectively (P geographic autocorrelation analysis and the geographic scan statistical analysis showed that HIV-, HCV-, and co-infections in the prefecture exhibited significant geographic clustering at the township level. The geographic distribution pattern of each infection group was different. HIV-, HCV-, and co-infections among drug users in the Yi Autonomous Prefecture all exhibited substantial geographic heterogeneity at the township level. The geographic distribution patterns of the three groups were different. These findings imply that it may be necessary to inform or invent site-specific intervention strategies to better devote currently

  20. Yoga for improving sleep quality and quality of life for older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halpern, Jonathan; Cohen, Marc; Kennedy, Gerard; Reece, John; Cahan, Clement; Baharav, Armanda

    2014-01-01

    The aging process is associated with physiological changes that affect sleep. In older adults, undiagnosed and untreated insomnia may cause impaired daily function and reduced quality of life (QoL). Insomnia is also a risk factor for accidents and falls that are the main cause of accidental deaths in older adults and, therefore, is associated with higher morbidity and mortality rates in older populations. The research team aimed to (1) examine the efficacy of a yoga intervention (YI) for the treatment of insomnia in older adults, (2) determine the ability of yoga to enhance the QoL of older adults, and (3) establish the applicability of yoga practice for older people in a Western cultural setting. A waiting-list controlled trial. Settings • The study took place in Jerusalem, Israel, from 2008-2009. Participants were older men and women (age ≥ 60 y) with insomnia. The YI group participated in 12 wk of classes, held 2 ×/wk, incorporating yoga postures, meditative yoga, and daily home practice of meditative yoga. The study used self-report assessments of sleep quality using the following: (1) sleep quality-the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and daily sleep and practice logs; (2) mood states-the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale long form (DASS-42) and the Profile of Mood States short form (POMS-SF); (3) a health survey (SF-36); and (4) mobile at-home sleep studies. Compared with controls, the YI group showed significant improvements in a range of subjective factors, including overall sleep quality; sleep efficiency; sleep latency and duration; self-assessed sleep quality; fatigue; general well-being; depression; anxiety; stress; tension; anger; vitality; and function in physical, emotional, and social roles. Yoga was shown to be safe and improved sleep and QoL in a group of older adults with insomnia. Outcomes depended on practice compliance.

  1. Soft and hard classification by reproducing kernel Hilbert space methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahba, Grace

    2002-12-24

    Reproducing kernel Hilbert space (RKHS) methods provide a unified context for solving a wide variety of statistical modelling and function estimation problems. We consider two such problems: We are given a training set [yi, ti, i = 1, em leader, n], where yi is the response for the ith subject, and ti is a vector of attributes for this subject. The value of y(i) is a label that indicates which category it came from. For the first problem, we wish to build a model from the training set that assigns to each t in an attribute domain of interest an estimate of the probability pj(t) that a (future) subject with attribute vector t is in category j. The second problem is in some sense less ambitious; it is to build a model that assigns to each t a label, which classifies a future subject with that t into one of the categories or possibly "none of the above." The approach to the first of these two problems discussed here is a special case of what is known as penalized likelihood estimation. The approach to the second problem is known as the support vector machine. We also note some alternate but closely related approaches to the second problem. These approaches are all obtained as solutions to optimization problems in RKHS. Many other problems, in particular the solution of ill-posed inverse problems, can be obtained as solutions to optimization problems in RKHS and are mentioned in passing. We caution the reader that although a large literature exists in all of these topics, in this inaugural article we are selectively highlighting work of the author, former students, and other collaborators.

  2. Effect of Yifukang oral liquid on gastric emptying and intestinal peristalsis in mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Jianhua; Li, Jun; Li, Xianyu; Hao, Shaojun; Guo, Junyi; Ma, Zhenzhen; Zhang, Zhengchen

    2018-04-01

    To observe the effect of Yifukang oral liquid on gastric emptying and intestinal peristalsis in mice. Methods: 60 mice were randomly divided into 5 groups. The suspension of Baohe Pill and the same volume of normal saline group were given once a day for 7 days. After the last administration for 30 minutes, 0.25 ml of 0.04% phenolic red solution was administered by stomach. After 20 minutes, the animals were killed, the stomach was removed, the gastric contents were cleaned, and the lotion 5ml was centrifuged. The absorbance of the supernatant was measured by TU-1901 ultraviolet spectrophotometer at the wavelength of 560nm. The residual rate of gastric phenolic red was calculated. Rate was used to evaluate gastric emptying velocity.60 mice were randomly divided into five groups: group 5, large, medium, small Yifukang oral liquid dosage group, pill suspension and the same volume normal saline. After 20 min after the last dose of carbon powder suspension, the mice were sacrificed, the abdominal cavity was cut open, the intestine of the ileocecum was cut off, the intestinal mesentery was separated, the total length of the small intestine (cm) was measured, and the distance (cm) in the small intestine was measured, and the end-of-carbon propulsion rate was calculated. Compared with the blank group, small dose of Yi Fu Kang group and Baohe Pill group could significantly promote the ability of gastric emptying in mice. Compared with the blank group, small dose group and rehabilitation benefits Baohewan group can significantly promote the gastric emptying ability of mice (Pmice. Yi Fu Kang oral liquid group could significantly increase the percentage of small intestine carbon powder(Pmice (P<0.05). Yi Fukang oral liquid has the effect of promoting gastric emptying and small intestinal peristalsis.

  3. Standardized screening facilitates timely diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders in a diverse sample of low-risk toddlers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herlihy, Lauren E; Brooks, Bianca; Dumont-Mathieu, Thyde; Barton, Marianne L; Fein, Deborah; Chen, Chi-Ming; Robins, Diana L

    2014-01-01

    Routine, standardized screening for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been hypothesized to reduce known racial/ethnic and socioeconomic status (SES) disparities in age of first diagnosis. This study explored demographic differences in toddlers' age and performance on developmental measures at the time of ASD assessment. Toddlers (16-39 months at evaluation) who screened at-risk for developmental delay on the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) or M-CHAT-Revised (M-CHAT-R) and follow-up interview participated in a diagnostic assessment. Of these, 44.7% were racial/ethnic minorities and 53.5% were non-minorities. Child race/ethnicity, years of maternal education (MEd), and household yearly income (YI) were parent-reported. Small but significant correlations were observed between MEd or YI and evaluation age and adaptive communication, socialization, and motor scores. Controlling for MEd and YI, minority racial/ethnic group did not predict child's performance on most measures and did not predict likelihood of ASD diagnosis. Differences in age at evaluation and receptive language skills were small effects. Significant but small effects emerged for SES and minority status on toddlers' age at evaluation and parent-reported adaptive skills, but these did not predict ASD diagnosis. The small magnitude of these effects suggests that routine, standardized screening for ASD in toddlers and timely access to diagnostic evaluation can reduce disparities in age at diagnosis and possibly reduce racial/ethnic disparities in access to services for ASD and other developmental delays.

  4. On full-tensor permeabilities of porous media from numerical solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Y.; Sun, S.; Yu, B.

    2013-01-01

    A numerical method is proposed to compute full-tensor permeability of porous media without artificial simplification. Navier-Stokes (N-S) equation and Darcy's law are combined to design these numerical experiments. This method can successfully detect the permeability values in principle directions of the porous media and the anisotropic degrees. It is found that the same configuration of porous media may possess isotropic features at lower Reynolds numbers while manifesting anisotropic features at higher Reynolds numbers due to the nonlinearity from convection. Anisotropy becomes pronounced especially when convection is dominant. 2013 Yi Wang et al.

  5. Application Actuation Trade Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    32 RCA PRICE-L Podel Calculated 0 & S Values 138 33 RCA PRICE LCC Summery - Typical LRU 139 34 Airplane Actuation Trade Study LCC Summary 140 35...results achieved can be duplicated by a user. The RCA PRICE Podel calculates the RDTSE. Production cost, and creates the YiDF file for use in the PCA...PR ICE L). Some of the basic program ground rules for this study were as follows: RCA - PRICE Cost Podel RCA - PRICE L Model Prototype Hardware 10

  6. North Korean Policy Elites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-06-01

    by Kim’s former Japanese chef , Kenji Fujimoto, reveal that Kim could get just about anything he wanted in his personal life, from foreign delicacies...for his table to Japanese jet skis and Sony home electronics.9 Likewise, the account of Yi Nam-oak (Li Nam-ok), who grew up as a companion to Kim’s...title Kin Seinichi no Ryoryinin [Kim Jong-il’s Chef ], Tokyo: Fusosha, 2003. The title of the Korean edition is Kim Jong-il ui yorisa. FBIS translated

  7. Determining role of cyclicity in cosmic and natural processes for formation of energy figures in Chinese Classical Zhen Jiu Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexey I. Falev

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The article covers the questions of cosmic and natural phenomena, identity, cyclic nature and parallelism of their constant changes. The authors regard it as a starting point for giving definitions to fundamental terms in Canon of Changes (Yi jing which is a methodological basis of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM; law of dynamic alternation of Yin and Yang, their cyclic regularity, succession, constancy and symmetry at any level of organization of the being; concept of changes as a function of movement; origin and numerological value of fundamental numerals and characters: the energy images of Canon of Changes; their mutual definition and mutual derivation as well as synchronizing indivisibility.

  8. Ionic Liquids in Electro-active Devices (ILED)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-12

    near a charged wall can be modeled by Poisson- Nernst -Planck (PNP) equations , Poisson-Boltzmann (PB) equations , and Gouy-Chapman-Stern (GCS) model...actuators can be calculated from the bending curvature к and the Young’s moduli of the ionic polymer layer Yi and the Au layer Ym by the equation below...Arrhenius equation exp a E p p RT (1) wherein p and aE are the conducting ion concentration as T and the activation energy for conducting

  9. The p38–PGC-1α–irisin–betatrophin axis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchis-Gomar, Fabian; Perez-Quilis, Carme

    2014-01-01

    The discovery of irisin as a novel and promising peptidic hormone has raised hopes regarding the hypothesis that irisin may provide additional benefits, not only for obesity and diabetes, but also for a wide range of pathological conditions since this hormone may prove to be therapeutically and clinically beneficial. In addition, a new hormone, betatrophin, has recently been identified by Yi and coworkers. Both hormones are connected by a new pathway clearly involved in insulin resistance. We hypothesize here how these hormones may be linked and their possible implications in both aged-reduced restricted regenerative capacity and dedifferentiated β cells of diabetic patients. PMID:24575373

  10. Proceedings of the KNS spring meeting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-01-01

    This proceedings contains articles of 2004 spring meeting of the Korean Nuclear Society. It was held on May 27-28, 2004 in Gyeongju, Korea. This proceedings is comprised of 10 sessions. The main subject titles of session are as follows: reactor physics and nuclear reactor design, thermodynamics and fluid flow, reactor operation and control, reactor safety, reactor fuels and nuclear materials, fuel cycle and waste management, radiation protection, nuclear fusion and laser technology, fuel cycle and waste management, nuclear fuel and nuclear materials, radiation protection, radiation application, life time management and decontamination, nuclear structure, nuclear beam application and nuclear fusion, nuclear policy. (Yi, J. H.)

  11. Proceedings of the KNS spring meeting

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-01-01

    This proceedings contains articles of 2003 spring meeting of the Korean Nuclear Society. It was held on May 29-30, 2003 in Gyeongju, Korea. This proceedings is comprised of 12 sessions. The main subject titles of session are as follows: reactor physics and nuclear reactor design, reactor operation and control, thermodynamics and fluid flow, reactor safety, reactor fuels and nuclear materials, fuel cycle and waste management, radiation protection, nuclear fusion and laser technology, fuel cycle and waste management, nuclear fuel and nuclear materials, radiation protection, radiation application, life time management and decontamination, nuclear structure, nuclear physics and nuclear fusion, nuclear policy. (Yi, J. H.)

  12. Modulation of Polymorphonuclear Neutrophil Response to N-formyl-l-methionyl-l-leucyl-l-phenylalanine

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-11-10

    acid. This paradox remains · unresolved, but it is attractive to postulate that circumstances exist where PMNs release potent mediators such as LTB 4...Panel A represents 1· n.YI A2318i pretreatment.. panel B ’I ::· ,. r epre ~ent s 10 n\\1 A2318i pretreatment and panel C represents 100 n\\I : t... Paradox : Neutrophile Can, But Will Not, Respond to Ligand-Receptor Interactions by Forming Leukotriene B4 or it Metab olites. Biochem. J., 241:55

  13. Data for the size of cholesterol-fat micelles as a function of bile salt concentration and the physico-chemical properties of six liquid experimental pine-derived phytosterol formulations in a cholesterol-containing artificial intestine fluid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinsoo Yi

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The data in this paper are additional information to the research article entiltled “Inhibition of cholesterol transport in an intestine cell model by pine-derived phytosterols” (Yi et al.,2016 [1]. The data derived from the measurement on six liquid formulations of commercial pine-derived phytosterol (CPP by dynamic light scattering. The data cover micelle size and the zeta-potential for formulations with cholesterol including monoglyceride, oleic acid, and bile salt. The data demonstrate the critical effect of the bile salt concentration on the size of cholesterol-digested fat micelles.

  14. ECOTOURISM: DEFINITION AND CONCEPTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe CHEIA

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper takes into consideration some theoretical notions about ecotourism, an important segment of the tourism phenomenon, and wants to place face-to-face some of the most important attempts to define it (from Ceballos-Lascurain to David Weaver and Yi-Yen Wu. An important role in understanding ecological tourism is understanding the impacts that it has had on various elements of human society, and in a holistic vision we can conclude that ecotourism should be actually a principle that leads / underpins the entire global phenomenon of tourism.

  15. Some theorems on the explicit evaluation of Ramanujan's theta-functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nayandeep Deka Baruah

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Bruce C. Berndt et al. and Soon-Yi Kang have proved many of Ramanujan's formulas for the explicit evaluation of the Rogers-Ramanujan continued fraction and theta-functions in terms of Weber-Ramanujan class invariants. In this note, we give alternative proofs of some of these identities of theta-functions recorded by Ramanujan in his notebooks and deduce some formulas for the explicit evaluation of his theta-functions in terms of Weber-Ramanujan class invariants.

  16. Twisted vector bundles on pointed nodal curves

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    by identifying the points p1 and p2. If m ≥ 2, let R1,...,Rm−1 be m − 1 copies of the projective line P1 and let xi,yi be two distinct points in Ri. Let R be the nodal curve which arises from the union. R0 ⊔ R1 ⊔···⊔ Rm−1 ⊔ Rm by identifying p1 ∈ R0 and p2 ∈ Rm with x1 ∈ R1 and ym−1 ∈ Rm−1 respectively and by identifying ...

  17. CJK-OSM 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-11-01

    This proceedings contains articles of the Second China-Japan-Korea Joint Symposium on Optimization of Structural and Mechanical System. It was held on November 4-8, 2002 in Busan, Korea. This proceedings is comprised of 30 sessions. The main subject titles of session are as follows: Topology optimization, Structural optimization, Design with civil structures, Intelligent system, Automotive engineering, MDO, Vehicle and design engineering, MEMS, Genetic algorithms, Application to electronic devices, Damage identification, Emerging methods, Nuclear and design engineering, Optimization method, Reliability based design, Aerospace and design engineering, Aerodynamic optimization, Composite/Smart structures, Shape optimization, Structural systems and so on. (Yi, J. H.)

  18. Equatorial Ionospheric Irregularities Study from ROCSAT Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-20

    UNLIMITED: PB Public Release 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES 14. ABSTRACT Ionospheric irregularity/scintillation occurrences can be caused by external driving ...Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan e-mail: chliu2@gate.sinica.edu.tw phone :886-3-4227151x34757 CoPI: Shin-Yi Su Institution: National Central...University, Chung-Li, Taiwan e-mail: sysu@csrsr.ncu.edu.tw phone :886-3-4227151x57643 CoPI: Lung-Chi Tsai Institution: National Central University, Chung-Li

  19. Spacecraft and Stellar Occultations by Turbulent Planetary Atmospheres. A Theoretical Investigation of Various Wave Propagation Effects and Their Impact on Derived Profiles of Refractivity, Temperature and Pressure,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-05-08

    by writing the electric field observer approaches the focal as E = A exp I i(kS - wt) 1, where A is le in the plane ofthc sky the amplitude and kS...lowest-order correction to the electric field E. Writing z- [@ (Yi-Yo) 2 + o (zI -z 0 c 0 (zI - o) 3 4c 2 (z, -Zo) 2 (, -yo) + ... (3.14) it is...si ellair oc cult at ions when t It(- tcondit ions leadlIn-,, to equation (7.2) are satisfied. Thus equtins 17. 1) and( ( 7.2) ielt the( vatriance

  20. Energy-Efficient Phase-Change Memory with Graphene as a Thermal Barrier

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-02

    layer (see Figure S5 for Raman data for graphene), followed by a TiN adhesion layer (10 nm), a Ti layer (10 nm), and Pt (30 nm) top electrode. As...PCM) device, SEM image of the electron-beam patterned W plug and via, Raman spectroscopy for graphene, measured RESET current (IRESET) as a function of...Oh, J. H.; Kim, H. J.; Jeong, W. C.; Park, J. H.; Horii, H.; Ha, Y. H.; Yi, J. H.; Koh , G. H.; Jeong, G. T.; Jeong, H. S.; Kim, K. Writing current

  1. Order of Battle of the United States Army World War II

    Science.gov (United States)

    1945-12-01

    Bad Schwalbach Hersfeld ’ . Wesselroden Waltershausen Arns.tadt - • Bad Berka Kahla We Ida Werdau • REGION———————————— ___ Se ine-Inf erieure Se...8217 Germany ; . i Bad i^eusnanr ’ | Rhiueluud "tJf\\Y\\ yi i T* f ’^Tl rivJi-LiAX li>-,ti ii Nieder Bibber Germany 1 Hessan-Nassau Germany Has sen-Nassau...I’Jollmarshauson (1/2 mi SE). Ober Gebra (1 mi E) Baa Fxankenliausen Barnstadt Schladebach Markranst a’dt Bad Lausick . Ober Viechtach ROtz V 1

  2. Proceedings of the 24th KAIF/KNS Annual Conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-04-15

    This proceedings contains articles of the 24th KAIF/KNS Annual Conference of the KAIF and Korean Nuclear Society. It was held on Apr. 8-10, 2009 in Seoul, Korea and subject of 24th Conference is the role of nuclear energy: Green enertopia with nuclear. This proceedings is comprised of 8 sessions. The main topic titles of session are as follows: Operation and maintenance of nuclear power plants, Betterment of nuclear power utilization, Enhanced future application of nuclear science and technology, Radioactive waste management, RI production and its utilization, Design, engineering, manufacturing, and construction of NPP in Korea, Nuclear fuel cycle, Nuclear safety and regulation. (Yi, J. H.)

  3. Phosphorous fractions in soils of rubber-based agroforestry systems: Influence of season, management and stand age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Chenggang; Jin, Yanqiang; Liu, Changan; Tang, Jianwei; Wang, Qingwei; Xu, Mingxi

    2018-03-01

    Rubber-based agroforestry system is a vital management practice and its productivity is often controlled by soil phosphorus (P) nutrient, but little information is available on P fractions dynamics in such system. The aim of this study was to examine the seasonal, management and stand age effects on P fractions, acid phosphatase activity, microbial biomass P, other physical-chemical properties and litter and roots in four systems: 10-year-old rubber mono- (YM) and intercropping (YI) with N-fixing species (NFS), 22-year-old mono- (MM) and intercropping (MI) in Xishuangbanna, Southwestern China. Most P fractions varied seasonally at different depths, with highest values in the fog-cool season (i.e. labile P at 5-60cm, non-labile P and total P at 30-60cm). By contrast, moderately labile P varied little over time, except in MI that had lower values in the rainy season. Compared with their monoculture counterparts, YI doubled resin-P i concentration but decreased NaHCO 3 -extractable P, HCl-P i and residual-P o at the 0-30cm depth, whereas MI had hardly any changes in P species at the 60-cm depth. Surprisingly, residual-P o was enriched down to the deepest soil (30-60cm) in both YI and MI in the fog-cool season. All P fractions, except NaOH 0.1 -P i , were greatly reduced with increasing stand age. In addition to plants uptake, these changes can be explained by seasonality in soil environments (e.g. moisture, temperature, pH and microbial activity) and decomposition of litter and roots. Moreover, YI decreased labile P o stock, but MI increased moderately labile P i at the 60-cm depth across seasons. The results imply that a large amount of residual-P o exists in acidic Oxisol from China and that they can be reasonably exploited to reduce the application of P fertilizers, highlighting the importance of P o pool. Taken together, intercropping mature rubber plantation with NFS appears to be an effective way to enhance productivity while maintaining adequate soil P

  4. On full-tensor permeabilities of porous media from numerical solutions of the Navier-Stokes equation

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Y.

    2013-01-01

    A numerical method is proposed to compute full-tensor permeability of porous media without artificial simplification. Navier-Stokes (N-S) equation and Darcy\\'s law are combined to design these numerical experiments. This method can successfully detect the permeability values in principle directions of the porous media and the anisotropic degrees. It is found that the same configuration of porous media may possess isotropic features at lower Reynolds numbers while manifesting anisotropic features at higher Reynolds numbers due to the nonlinearity from convection. Anisotropy becomes pronounced especially when convection is dominant. 2013 Yi Wang et al.

  5. Compilation of 1987 Annual Reports of the Navy ELF (Extremely Low Frequency) Communications System Ecological Monitoring Program. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-01

    Apparently strong associations occur between A anni and eastern white pine, between amanita muscaria, boletus piDeratus, £in alboviolaceus, and T...bigtooth aspen/ ¥i = -3.864 + 1.032 BTA# .657 19.192 .001 Boletus piperatus ¥i = -1.334 + 18.587 BTABA .887 31.326 .005 bigtooth aspen/ Yi = -2.435 + 4.495... Boletus , Hebeloma, Paxillus or Suillus spp.; these have been designated as Type 6 mycorrhizae. Though variations occur within mycorrhizal morphology

  6. Proceedings of the KNS Fall meeting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-10-15

    This proceedings contains articles of 2013 Fall meeting of the Korean Nuclear Society. It was held on Oct 23-25 in Kyungju, Korea. This proceedings is comprised of 10 sessions. The main subject titles of session are as follows: Reactor system technology, Nuclear data, reactor physics and computational science, Radioactive waste management, Nuclear fuel and materials, Thermal hydraulics and safety, Radiation utilization and protection, Quantum engineering and nuclear fusion, Nuclear power plant construction and operation technology, Nuclear policy, human resources and cooperation, Nuclear I and C and remote operation. (Yi, J. H.)

  7. Proceedings of the KNS 2015 Fall Meeting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2015-10-15

    This proceedings contains articles of 2015 fall meeting of the Korean Nuclear Society. It was held on October 28-30 in Kyungju, Korea. This proceedings is comprised of 11 sessions. The main subject titles of session are as follows: Reactor system technology, Reactor physics and computational science, Radioactive waste management, Nuclear fuel and materials, Thermal hydraulics and safety, Radiation utilization and protection, Quantum engineering and nuclear fusion, Nuclear power plant construction and operation technology, Nuclear policy, human resources and cooperation, Nuclear I and C and automatic remote systems, Competition Session. (Yi, J. H.)

  8. Proceedings of the KNS 2014 Fall Meeting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2014-10-15

    This proceedings contains articles of 2014 Fall Meeting of the Korean Nuclear Society. It was held on Oct 29-31 in Pyongchang, Korea. This proceedings is comprised of 10 sessions. The main subject titles of session are as follows: Reactor system technology, Reactor physics and computational science, Radioactive waste management, Nuclear fuel and materials, Thermal hydraulics and safety, Radiation utilization and protection, Quantum engineering and nuclear fusion, Nuclear power plant construction and operation technology, Nuclear policy, human resources and cooperation, MMIS and remote control and Competition (Yi, J. H.)

  9. Comparison of active SIFT-based 3D object recognition algorithms

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Keaikitse, M

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available by the author of [8]. The following is the procedure used for obtaining that dataset. The training and testing datasets were captured using a Prosilica GE1900C camera. Everyday objects such as cereal and spice boxes were used. In compiling the training dataset....88 1 Yes Spice Bottle - - No Spray Can - - No Spray Can2 1.39 1 Yes images satisfies the condition: (|xi − xj | ≤ xT = 12) ∧ (|yi − yj | ≤ yT = 4), In our case, however, the camera is fixed and the object is placed on a rotating turntable. As a result...

  10. Reactor Network Synthesis Using Coupled Genetic Algorithm with the Quasi-linear Programming Method

    OpenAIRE

    Soltani, H.; Shafiei, S.; Edraki, J.

    2016-01-01

    This research is an attempt to develop a new procedure for the synthesis of reactor networks (RNs) using a genetic algorithm (GA) coupled with the quasi-linear programming (LP) method. The GA is used to produce structural configuration, whereas continuous variables are handled using a quasi-LP formulation for finding the best objective function. Quasi-LP consists of LP together with a search loop to find the best reactor conversions (xi), as well as split and recycle ratios (yi). Quasi-LP rep...

  11. Correlated Equilibria in Continuous Games: Characterization and Computation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-22

    game satisfying Assumption 4.1. Let k > 0 be even and x1, . . . , x2k and y1, . . . , y2k be such that: 1. xi ∈ Cx and yi ∈ Cy are all nonzero; 2. the...sequences x1, x3, . . . , x2k−1 and y1, y3, . . . , y2k −1 alternate in sign; 3. x2i = x2i−1 and y2i = y2i+1 for all i when subscripts are interpreted

  12. Transition from weak ferromagnetism to metamagnetism in the itinerant-electron system Y{sub 1-x}La{sub x}Co{sub 9}Si{sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishiyama, M; Kohara, T [Graduate School of Material Science, University of Hyogo, Kamigori, Ako-gun, Hyogo 678-1297 (Japan); Nakamura, H [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8501 (Japan)

    2010-01-15

    The magnetism of solid solution Yi{sub 1-x}La{sub x}Co{sub 9}Si{sub 4} between strongly enhanced Pauli paramagnetic LaCo{sub 9}Si{sub 4} and weakly ferromagnetic YCo{sub 9}Si{sub 4} has been investigated. The Curie temperature T{sub C} in the ferromagnetic region and the metamagnetic transition field H{sub M} in the paramagnetic region change continuously against x and approach zero at the same composition x {approx_equal} 0.15, suggesting the presence of a critical point from spontaneous to field-induced ferromagnetism.

  13. Modification of Programs CHIEF and CID to Compute Sound Radiation from an Arbitrary Body with Mixed Boundary Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-01

    layer surfaces (NSU * NSV) DIMENSION CC(1I), TRNS(3), IELTS (8, 311) REAL Xl(lH@), YI(liOI) CHARACTER*3 SYMTYP CHARACTER*4 FLOTYP, TAPEID, PRTTYP INTEGER...element data. WRITE(NUINPRT, 1411) 1410 FORMAT(//,’ EEENT DATA’,/) DO 1412 1 = 1, I6EE WIlTE(KUNPRT,1411) 1, ( IELTS (J,1),J=1,S) 1412 CONTINUE 00 1414...1 = 1, iaaiM DO 1413 J =1, S CC(J) IELTS (J, 1) 1413 CONTINUE XIRG = XIRG * 1 CALL LDSURR(XIRG, 10, CC, TRNS, XIZAX, 22 NRL MEMORANDUM REPORT 6813 1

  14. Water Reactor Fuel Performance Meeting 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-10-01

    This meeting contains articles of the Water Reactor Fuel Performance Meeting 2008 of Korean Nuclear Society, Atomic Energy Society of Japan, Chinese Nuclear Society, European Nuclear Society and American Nuclear Society. It was held on Oct. 19-23, 2008 in Seoul, Korea and subject of Meeting is 'New Clear' Fuel - A green energy solution. This proceedings is comprised of 5 tracks. The main topic titles of track are as follows: Advances in water reactor fuel technology, Fuel performance and operational experience, Transient fuel behavior and safety-related issues, Fuel cycle, spent fuel storage and transportations and Fuel modeling and analysis. (Yi, J. H.)

  15. Proceedings of the KNS 2016 Autumn Meeting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2016-10-15

    This proceedings contains articles of 2016 autumn meeting of the Korean Nuclear Society. It was held on Oct. 26-28 in Kyungju, Korea. This proceedings is comprised of 11 sessions. The main subject titles of session are as follows: Reactor system technology, Reactor physics and computational science, Radioactive waste management, Nuclear fuel and materials, Thermal hydraulics and safety, Radiation utilization and protection, Quantum engineering and nuclear fusion, Nuclear power plant construction and operation technology, Nuclear policy, human resources and cooperation, Nuclear I and C, human factors and automatic remote systems, Competition Session. (Yi, J. H.)

  16. The research on NURBS adaptive interpolation technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wanjun; Gao, Shanping; Zhang, Sujia; Zhang, Feng

    2017-04-01

    In order to solve the problems of Research on NURBS Adaptive Interpolation Technology, such as interpolation time bigger, calculation more complicated, and NURBS curve step error are not easy changed and so on. This paper proposed a study on the algorithm for NURBS adaptive interpolation method of NURBS curve and simulation. We can use NURBS adaptive interpolation that calculates (xi, yi, zi). Simulation results show that the proposed NURBS curve interpolator meets the high-speed and high-accuracy interpolation requirements of CNC systems. The interpolation of NURBS curve should be finished. The simulation results show that the algorithm is correct; it is consistent with a NURBS curve interpolation requirements.

  17. Music therapy-induced changes in salivary cortisol level are predictive of cardiovascular mortality in patients under maintenance hemodialysis

    OpenAIRE

    Hou, Yi-Chou; Lin, Yen-Ju; Lu, Kuo-Cheng; Chiang, Han-Sun; Chang, Chia-Chi; Yang, Li-King

    2017-01-01

    Yi-Chou Hou,1 Yen-Ju Lin,2 Kuo-Cheng Lu,1 Han-Sun Chiang,3 Chia-Chi Chang,4 Li-King Yang1 1Department of Internal Medicine, Cardinal Tien Hospital, School of Medicine, Fu-Jen Catholic University, 2Department of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, 3Graduate Institute of Basic Medicine, College of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, 4School of Gerontology Health Management, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China Background:...

  18. Power, identity and antiquarian approaches in modern Chinese art

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Chia-Ling

    2014-01-01

    The pursuit of antiquity was important for scholarly artists in constructing their knowledge of history and cultural identity in late Imperial China. Following various publications by Bi Yuan 畢沅 (1730-1797), Wu Yi 武億 (1745-1799) and Qian Daxin 錢大昕 (1728-1804) in the 18th century, the study and collecting of rubbings of Northern Wei stone inscriptions and steles was popular. Such spread of interest in jinshi, inscriptions on metal and stone, also formed a base for studying seal carving, epigra...

  19. Approximate discrete time analysis of the hybrid Token-CDMA MAC system

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Liu, YS

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Force (I.E.T.F.), July 1999 Principal Author: Mr. Yi-Sheng Liu attained his BScEng degree in March 2001 and MScEng degree with Cum Laude in December 2003 in the School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering at the University of Natal... of the Centre for Radio Access Technology (CRAT) at the same university. He holds a BScEng with first class honours in Electrical Engineering from Manchester University and a PhD degree from Cambridge, United Kingdom. His research interests are in the general...

  20. Laser Atmospheric Absorption Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-05-01

    it has been shown that a spectrophone can be used to collect precision data on temperature effects. The technique holds much promise for the future...listing. Another part of this program (see Chapter V) involves the collection of new spectra of ozone in this region. Results thus far obtained are...ji\\O\\0yiJt*-i3Dn,ü\\g\\ i i i • i i » i i III! I I I I I I I KHiM)*nitO! OdK )oo4MOiiiHniinf4NNininj’tMviooii

  1. Research on Foreign Background and Musical Thought of Teng Gu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Zhang

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available TENG Gu is a famous art historian in Republic of China. Together with early Chinese scholars studying abroad like ZONG Bai-hua, ZHU Guang-qian, DENG Yi-zhe, MA Cai and FU Bao-shi, he constructed a framework of early Chinese Art. We still know his influence after a century. In his artistic thought, the essential music idea occupies 1/3.He had given music the highest position among all arts and cultures. In his view, culture won’t have any value if art is removed. And all arts follow the rhythm of music.

  2. A Numerical Model for the Computation of Radiance Distributions in Natural Waters with Wind-Roughened Surfaces, Part 2: User’s Guide and Code Listing

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-07-01

    8217) END IF C..... SOLUTION STEP 9 C COMPUTE THE AMPLITUDE A(A.’) C CALL AMPAP c WERKY1) NOW COtJ1AINS ACCA ,’). THE kF.,ELTED DIRECT BEAM C C END OF...FUNCTID IN IS USED;’//, SIGMA(V.COS(PSI)) = )’Y)I(44PI) wHERE/fl 2’ IV V S(V) ALPHA(Y) S,/ALPH-A!) 102 FORMAT ( H 14, F8 .IF8 .3,FI10.3, FlI1.3 END 95 §5

  3. Do Deregulated Cas Proteins Induce Genomic Instability In Early Stage Ovarian Cancer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    Tensional homeostasis and the malignant phenotype. Cancer Cell 2005;8:241–54. [PubMed: 16169468] 40. Zhang Z, Hernandez- Lagunas L, Horne WC, Baron R...disassembly. Nat Cell Biol 2004;6:154–61. [PubMed: 14743221] 58. Huang J, Hamasaki H, Nakamoto T, Honda H, Hirai H, Saito M, Takato T, Sakai R...Cell Struct Funct 2001;26:619–26. [PubMed: 11942617] 87. Yi J, Kloeker S, Jensen CC, Bockholt S, Honda H, Hirai H, Beckerle MC. Members of the zyxin

  4. Drug-resistant colon cancer cells produce high carcinoembryonic antigen and might not be cancer-initiating cells

    OpenAIRE

    Lee HC; Ling QD; Yu WC; Hung CM; Kao TC; Huang YW; Higuchi A

    2013-01-01

    Hsin-chung Lee,1,2 Qing-Dong Ling,1,3 Wan-Chun Yu,4 Chunh-Ming Hung,4 Ta-Chun Kao,4 Yi-Wei Huang,4 Akon Higuchi3–51Graduate Institute of Systems Biology and Bioinformatics, National Central University, Jhongli, Taoyuan, 2Department of Surgery, Cathay General Hospital, Da'an District, Taipei, 3Cathay Medical Research Institute, Cathay General Hospital, Hsi-Chi City, Taipei, 4Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, National Central University, Jhongli, Taoyuan, Taiwa...

  5. Sustained release of bactericidal concentrations of penicillin in the pleural space via an antibiotic-eluting pigtail catheter coated with electrospun nanofibers: results from in vivo and in vitro studies

    OpenAIRE

    Chao, Yin-Kai; Lee, Cheng-Hung; Liu, Kuo-Sheng; Wang, Yi-Chuan; Wang, Chih-Wei; Liu, Shih-Jung

    2015-01-01

    Yin-Kai Chao,1 Cheng-Hung Lee,2 Kuo-Sheng Liu,1 Yi-Chuan Wang,3 Chih-Wei Wang,4 Shih-Jung Liu3 1Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Linkou, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 2Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Linkou, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan; 4Department of P...

  6. Physiological Ecology of Clostridium glycolicum RD-1, an Aerotolerant Acetogen Isolated from Sea Grass Roots

    OpenAIRE

    Küsel, Kirsten; Karnholz, Arno; Trinkwalter, Tanja; Devereux, Richard; Acker, Georg; Drake, Harold L.

    2001-01-01

    An anaerobic, H2-utilizing bacterium, strain RD-1, was isolated from the highest growth-positive dilution series of a root homogenate prepared from the sea grass Halodule wrightii. Cells of RD-1 were gram-positive, spore-forming, motile rods that were linked by connecting filaments. Acetate was produced in stoichiometries indicative of an acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) pathway-dependent metabolism when RD-1 utilized H2-CO2, formate, lactate, or pyruvate. Growth on sugars or ethylene glycol yi...

  7. Polyethylenimine-based micro/nanoparticles as vaccine adjuvants [Corrigendum

    OpenAIRE

    2017-01-01

    Shen C, Li J, Zhang Y, et al. Int J Nano. 2017;12:5443–5460.The affiliations were presented as:Chen Shen1Jun Li1Yi Zhang1Yuce Li2Guanxin Shen3Jintao Zhu2Juan Tao11Department of Dermatology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China; 2School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China; 3Department of Immunology, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Te...

  8. Habilidades cognitivo lingüísticas de pensamiento social en estudiantes de la Escuela Pedro Emilio Gil a través de la enseñanza y aprendizaje del derecho de opinión

    OpenAIRE

    Londoño Londoño, Saulo

    2016-01-01

    La presente investigación que tuvo como objetivo interpretar las habilidades cognitivo lingüísticas de pensamiento social que emergen de una unidad didáctica respecto al derecho de opinión en estudiantes del grado segundo. Se sitúa dentro de la metodología cualitativa, abierta, flexible y participante. Trata cuestiones relacionadas al derecho de opinión como parte de la formación del pensamiento social. La estructura metodológica que se desarrollo es el Estudio de Caso según Stake (1999) y Yi...

  9. Three-Body Nuclear Forces from a Matrix Model

    CERN Document Server

    Hashimoto, Koji

    2010-01-01

    We compute three-body nuclear forces at short distances by using the nuclear matrix model of holographic QCD proposed in our previous paper with P. Yi. We find that the three-body forces at short distances are repulsive for (a) aligned three neutrons with averaged spins, and (b) aligned proton-proton-neutron / proton-neutron-neutron. These indicate that in dense states of neutrons such as cores of neutron stars, or in Helium-3 / tritium nucleus, the repulsive forces are larger than the ones estimated from two-body forces only.

  10. Synthesis by ATRP of triblock copolymers with densely grafted styrenic end blocks from a polyisobutylene macroinitiator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Truelsen, Jens Høg; Kops, Jørgen; Pedersen, Walther Batsberg

    2000-01-01

    A macroinitiator was prepared from a triblock copolymer of polyisobutylene (PIB) with end blocks of poly(p-methylstyrene) (P(p-MeS)) by bromination to obtain initiating bromomethyl groups for atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). Controlled polymerization of styrene and p-acetoxystyrene yi......A macroinitiator was prepared from a triblock copolymer of polyisobutylene (PIB) with end blocks of poly(p-methylstyrene) (P(p-MeS)) by bromination to obtain initiating bromomethyl groups for atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). Controlled polymerization of styrene and p...

  11. Proceedings of the eighth symposium on laser spectroscopy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    This proceedings contains articles of the 8th symposium on laser spectroscopy and this symposium is held on Nov. 3-4, 2000 by KAERI. Both the laser and laser beams are critically used in many most precise measurements in science and technology. We discussed about the recently developed subjects in detail during the this symposium. This proceedings is composed of two major parts. One is the invitational lectures and the other is the research papers. And we have a number of invited speakers from several advanced countries. Their talks are the highlights of this symposium. (Yi, J. H.)

  12. Applying a new understanding of supergene REE deposit formation to global exploration initiatives for environmentally sustainable resources

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardy, Liam; Smith, Martin; Hood, Leo; Heller, Shaun; Faltyn, Rowan; Blum, Astrid; Bamberger, Axel

    2017-04-01

    Two new models have recently been proposed for the formation of REE ion-adsorption deposits and it is likely that they are both active in their related study profiles described in the Ambohimirahavavy Complex in Madagascar (Marquis et al, 2016) and the Serra de Monchique (SDM) complex in Portugal (Hardy et al, 2016). These are two separate environments presenting two different soil systems in terms of flora, protolith and structure. In the latosol profiles of SDM the natural sweating cycle of eucalyptus trees is proposed as the main geochemical cycling control for some 40% of Fe and 30% of Y, which have been observed migrating up and down profile seasonally between upper horizons and the rooting depths of these intensively farmed trees. If, through their natural cycle, eucalyptus trees in SDM are capable of concentrating depleted protolithic Y contents of 4-10ppm to some 140-160ppm in their enriched 150-200cm deep E horizons in only the 40 years since they were introduced to the region (Jenkins, 1979), then what potential deposits and concentrations may lay underneath older plantations across Brazil, Chile, China and most importantly, Australia, where these trees naturally cover some 16% of the entire continent. Eucalyptus is mostly farmed as pulp for paper mills and has lost its market value with the demand for paper decreasing, as the demand for REEs increases, ironically driven by the demand for the accessible technology to replace paper (EPA, 2012). Not only might there be great resources below these forests, but the removal of the aggressive intrusive species would be welcomed across Southern Europe and South America where they have limited market value and have destroyed local ecosystems and water supplies (Brito, 1999), where local people are actively seeking an alternative use of their lands. References: Brito, J. G. (1999). Management strategies for conservation of the lizard Lacerta schreiberi in Portugal. Biological conservation, 311-319. EPA. (2012

  13. Comparison of different stains in imprint cytology with the conventional diagnostic tools in detection of Helicobacter pylori infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shashikant Adlekha

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori infection is one of the most common causes of gastrointestinal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Early diagnosis of infection is imperative for the cure of distressing symptoms and prevention of complications. Objective: The objective of the study is to evaluate imprint cytology of gastric biopsy specimens as a rapid and cost-effective diagnostic tool and its comparison with conventional diagnostic tests. Materials and Methods: Antral biopsies were collected from 130 patients and evaluated for H. pylori infection by imprint cytology and histopathological examination by different stains and rapid urease test (RUT. Histopathological features of gastric biopsy specimens were also assessed. Results: A total of 118 patients showed H. pylori infection by two or more methods. Giemsa histology showed highest sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and Youden′s Index (YI. Among imprint cytology stain methods, toluidine blue showed highest sensitivity and highest YI was obtained for PAP stain. Conclusion: Helicobacter pylori infection is associated with gastric mucosa changes like chronic active gastritis, atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, ulceration and carcinoma. Imprint cytology has high sensitivity and comparable predictive values to conventional diagnostic tools-histopathological examination and RUT in the detection of H. pylori infection.

  14. The saccadic flow baseline: Accounting for image-independent biases in fixation behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Alasdair D F; Stainer, Matthew J; Tatler, Benjamin W; Hunt, Amelia R

    2017-09-01

    Much effort has been made to explain eye guidance during natural scene viewing. However, a substantial component of fixation placement appears to be a set of consistent biases in eye movement behavior. We introduce the concept of saccadic flow, a generalization of the central bias that describes the image-independent conditional probability of making a saccade to (xi+1, yi+1), given a fixation at (xi, yi). We suggest that saccadic flow can be a useful prior when carrying out analyses of fixation locations, and can be used as a submodule in models of eye movements during scene viewing. We demonstrate the utility of this idea by presenting bias-weighted gaze landscapes, and show that there is a link between the likelihood of a saccade under the flow model, and the salience of the following fixation. We also present a minor improvement to our central bias model (based on using a multivariate truncated Gaussian), and investigate the leftwards and coarse-to-fine biases in scene viewing.

  15. [Nomenclature of Feiyang (BL 58) and its connotation exploration based on A-B Classic of Acupuncture and Moxibustion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Shuangshuang; Hou, Zhongwei

    2018-04-12

    A - B Classic of Acupuncture and Moxibustion ( Zhen Jiu Jia Yi Jing ) is the earliest and existed well-known work on acupuncture and moxibustion, with irreplaceable literature values and huge impacts on the later generations. Feiyang (BL 58) is the luo -connecting point of the bladder meridian and recorded 11 times in A - B Classic of Acupuncture and Moxibustion . This book is the representative for the exploration on the acupoint nomenclature and clinical connotation. Through the investigation on the textual connotation of the specified terms and the alias of Feiyang (BL 58), it was discovered that the nomenclature of this acupoint was based on the main symptoms, the characters of the running course of meridian and acupuncture effects. It was proved that the unique property of this acupoint was as rising, dispersing and flying of meridian qi . In comparison of Huangdi Three - Version of A - B Classic of Acupuncture and Moxibustion ( Huangdi Sanbu Zhen Jiu Jia Yi Jing ) of the printed edition of the Song Dynasty version and Meridian - Collateral and Acupoints ( Zhen Jiu Shu Xue Xue ), it was found that the indications and connotation of Feiyang (BL 58) were more extensively richer than the records in teaching materials. Those study results contribute to the extension of the clinical application of this acupoint.

  16. The utilization of traditional Chinese medicine in patients with dysfunctional uterine bleeding in Taiwan: a nationwide population-based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yi-Rong; Wu, Mei-Yao; Chiang, Jen-Huai; Yen, Hung-Rong; Yang, Su-Tso

    2017-08-29

    Many patients with gynecological disorders seek traditional medicine consultations in Asian countries. This study intended to investigate the utilization of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in patients with dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) in Taiwan. We analyzed a cohort of one million individuals randomly selected from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. We included 46,337 subjects with newly diagnosed DUB (ICD-9-CM codes 626.8) from January 1, 1997 to December 31, 2010. The patients were categorized into TCM seekers and non-TCM seekers according to their use of TCM. Among the subjects, 41,558 (89.69%) were TCM seekers and 4,779 (10.31%) were non-TCM seekers. Patients who were younger tended to be TCM seekers. Most of the patients had also taken Western medicine, especially tranexamic acid and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). More than half of TCM seekers (55.41%) received combined treatment with both Chinese herbal remedies and acupuncture. The most commonly used TCM formula and single herb were Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San (Bupleurum and Peony Formula) and Yi-Mu-Cao (Herba Leonuri), respectively. The core pattern of Chinese herbal medicine for DUB patients consisted of Jia-Wei-Xiao-Yao-San, Xiang-Fu (Rhizoma Cyperi), and Yi-Mu-Cao (Herba Leonuri). TCM use is popular among patients with DUB in Taiwan. Further pharmacological investigations and clinical trials are required to validate the efficacy and safety of these items.

  17. Closed Strings From Nothing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lawrence, Albion

    2001-07-25

    We study the physics of open strings in bosonic and type II string theories in the presence of unstable D-branes. When the potential energy of the open string tachyon is at its minimum, Sen has argued that only closed strings remain in the perturbative spectrum. We explore the scenario of Yi and of Bergman, Hori and Yi, who argue that the open string degrees of freedom are strongly coupled and disappear through confinement. We discuss arguments using open string field theory and worldsheet boundary RG flows, which seem to indicate otherwise. We then describe a solitonic excitation of the open string tachyon and gauge field with the charge and tension of a fundamental closed string. This requires a double scaling limit where the tachyon is taken to its minimal value and the electric field is taken to its maximum value. The resulting flux tube has an unconstrained spatial profile; and for large fundamental string charge, it appears to have light, weakly coupled open strings living in the core. We argue that the flux tube acquires a size or order {alpha}' through sigma model and string coupling effects; and we argue that confinement effects make the light degrees of freedom heavy and strongly interacting.

  18. Study of high performance liquid chromatography fingerprint for traditional chinese medicine yigongningxue oral liquid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Feng, C.; Ruan, J.L.

    2010-01-01

    A simple, reliable and accurate fingerprinting method has been developed for quality control of YiGongNingXue oral liquid. The separation was done by reverse phase chromatography using Zorbax eclipse XDB C/sub 18/ column (250mmx4.6mmi. d. with 5.0 micro m particle size) and detection at 246nm. Methanol (5-95 % in 70 min)-buffer solution (water-phosphorica cid, pH 3.0, 95-0 percent in 70 min) as mobile phase for linear gradient elution. The flow rate was 1.0 mLmin/sup 1/ and the column temperature was at 25 deg. C. The similarity of 20 batches of YGNX oral liquid was more than 90 %. Also 15 common peaks of chromatogram have been detected, ten of them were identified by comparing fingerprint chromatogram with reference substances The HPLC fingerprint can be used to control the quality of YiGongNingXue oral liquid. (author)

  19. Hakim Mohammad: A Persian Military Surgeon in Safavid Era (1501-1736 CE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khodaie, S-Ali; Ghaffari, Farzaneh; Zargaran, Arman; Naseri, Mohsen

    2017-12-31

    Wars and injuries have accompanied mankind throughout history. Physicians and surgeons from various civilizations made difficult attempts to manage wounds and injuries. Among various civilizations, the Persian Empires had great armies which were well equipped. One of the most important organizations in Persian troops was the military surgery. This study presents a brief biography of Hakim Mohammad (a military surgeon in Safavid era) and introduces his book, Dhakhira-yi-Kamilah. Safavid kings (1501-1736 CE) with unifying all of Persian regions and provinces reconstructed the Persian Empire. Great scholars and physicians were raised in this era. It seems that Persian physicians and surgeons were well trained in Safavid era and many of them were even employed by other countries like Ottoman Empire and India. Hakim Mohammad as a military surgeon was one of such physicians who served in Ottoman Empire for some time. He gathered his surgical experiences and others in the book of Dhakhira-yi-Kamilah. This book was written in Persian. He has mainly written about the management of wounds and practical techniques. Later, he came back to his homeland and dedicated his book to the king of Persia.

  20. Immunological assessment of exposure to Echinococcus granulosus in a rural dog population in Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasser, R B; Parada, L; Acuna, A; Burges, C; Laurenson, M K; Gulland, F M; Reichel, M P; Paolillo, E

    1994-12-01

    An ELISA was used to screen a dog population in Uruguay (Sarandi Del Yi, Durazno District) for the prevalence of specific serum antibodies (IgG, IgA and IgE) to Echinococcus granulosus. The sensitivity (61%) and specificity (97%) of the ELISA were determined using well-defined serum groups. A total of 408 dogs from Sarandi del Yi and environs were screened serologically, and 29.7% (8.6-13.8% for each antibody class) of dogs had positive levels of antibody to E. granulosus. This antibody prevalence (exposure) was significantly higher than the percentage of dogs found to be positive for E. granulosus worms by arecoline purgation (7.6%). This level of exposure to E. granulosus determined by ELISA is considered unacceptable from a public health perspective. Measures will now focus on obtaining data on the true prevalence of current infection in this dog population and on determining the transmission patterns of the disease in this endemic region.

  1. Effective selection criteria for screening drought tolerant recombinant inbred lines of sunflower

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdi Nishtman

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, seventy two sunflower recombinant inbred lines were tested for their yielding ability under both water-stressed and well-watered states. The inbred lines were evaluated in a rectangular 8´9 lattice design with two replications in both well-watered and water-stressed conditions, separately. Eight drought tolerance indices including stability tolerance index (STI, mean productivity (MP, geometric mean productivity (GMP, harmonic mean (HM, stress susceptibility index (SSI, tolerance index (TOL, yield index (YI and yield stability index (YSI were calculated based on grain yield for every genotype. Results showed the highest values of mean productivity (MP index, geometric mean productivity (GMP, yield index (YI, harmonic mean (HM and stress tolerance index (STI indices for ‘C134a’ inbred line and least values of stress susceptibility index (SSI and tolerance (TOL for C61 inbred line. According to correlation of indices with yield performance under both drought stress and non-stress states and principle component analysis, indices including HM, MP, GMP and STI could properly distinguish drought tolerant sunflower inbred lines with high yield performance under both states. Cluster analysis of inbred lines using Ys, Yp and eight indices, categorized them into four groups including 19, 6, 26 and 19 inbred lines.

  2. Closed Strings From Nothing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lawrence, Albion

    2001-01-01

    We study the physics of open strings in bosonic and type II string theories in the presence of unstable D-branes. When the potential energy of the open string tachyon is at its minimum, Sen has argued that only closed strings remain in the perturbative spectrum. We explore the scenario of Yi and of Bergman, Hori and Yi, who argue that the open string degrees of freedom are strongly coupled and disappear through confinement. We discuss arguments using open string field theory and worldsheet boundary RG flows, which seem to indicate otherwise. We then describe a solitonic excitation of the open string tachyon and gauge field with the charge and tension of a fundamental closed string. This requires a double scaling limit where the tachyon is taken to its minimal value and the electric field is taken to its maximum value. The resulting flux tube has an unconstrained spatial profile; and for large fundamental string charge, it appears to have light, weakly coupled open strings living in the core. We argue that the flux tube acquires a size or order α' through sigma model and string coupling effects; and we argue that confinement effects make the light degrees of freedom heavy and strongly interacting

  3. GENÇ PARTİ'Yİ ANLAMAK (Parti, Lider ve Kitle Üzerine Bir Çalısma)

    OpenAIRE

    TÜRK, Hasan Bahadır

    2007-01-01

    Türk, Hasan Bahadır, Genç Parti’yi Anlamak: Parti, Lider ve Kitle Üzerine BirÇalısma, Doktora Tezi, Danısman: Doç.Dr. Aykut Çelebi, 399 s.ÖZETBu çalısmanın amacı; Genç Parti’nin temel yapısal özelliklerine ısık tutmaktır. Çalısma;Genç Parti’yi lider, kadro, parti tipolojisi, ideoloji ve söylem gibi parçalarındanhareketle analiz etmeye ve kitleyle kurdugu iliskiyi tartısmaya odaklanacaktır. Çalısma,üç ana bölümden olusmaktadır. lk iki bölümde Uzanlar’ın genel yapısı, yükselis veçöküs süreci Ge...

  4. Polyethylenimine-based micro/nanoparticles as vaccine adjuvants [Corrigendum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shen C

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Shen C, Li J, Zhang Y, et al. Int J Nano. 2017;12:5443–5460.The affiliations were presented as:Chen Shen1Jun Li1Yi Zhang1Yuce Li2Guanxin Shen3Jintao Zhu2Juan Tao11Department of Dermatology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China; 2School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China; 3Department of Immunology, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, ChinaThe affiliations should have contained the postcodes and are corrected here:Chen Shen1Jun Li1Yi Zhang1Yuce Li2Guanxin Shen3Jintao Zhu2Juan Tao11Department of Dermatology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, China; 2School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China; 3Department of Immunology, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430022, ChinaRead the original article

  5. Multisetting Bell-type inequalities for detecting genuine multipartite entanglement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pal, Karoly F.; Vertesi, Tamas

    2011-01-01

    In a recent paper, Bancal et al.[Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 250404 (2011)] put forward the concept of device-independent witnesses of genuine multipartite entanglement. These witnesses are capable of verifying genuine multipartite entanglement produced in a laboratory without resorting to any knowledge of the dimension of the state space or of the specific form of the measurement operators. As a by-product they found a multiparty three-setting Bell inequality which makes it possible to detect genuine n-partite entanglement in a noisy n-qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) state for visibilities as low as 2/3 in a device-independent way. In this paper, we generalize this inequality to an arbitrary number of settings, demonstrating a threshold visibility of 2/π∼0.6366 for number of settings going to infinity. We also present a pseudotelepathy Bell inequality achieving the same threshold value. We argue that our device-independent witnesses are optimal in the sense that for n odd the above value cannot be beaten with n-party-correlation Bell inequalities.

  6. Correlations in star networks: from Bell inequalities to network inequalities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tavakoli, Armin; Renou, Marc Olivier; Gisin, Nicolas; Brunner, Nicolas

    2017-01-01

    The problem of characterizing classical and quantum correlations in networks is considered. Contrary to the usual Bell scenario, where distant observers share a physical system emitted by one common source, a network features several independent sources, each distributing a physical system to a subset of observers. In the quantum setting, the observers can perform joint measurements on initially independent systems, which may lead to strong correlations across the whole network. In this work, we introduce a technique to systematically map a Bell inequality to a family of Bell-type inequalities bounding classical correlations on networks in a star-configuration. Also, we show that whenever a given Bell inequality can be violated by some entangled state ρ , then all the corresponding network inequalities can be violated by considering many copies of ρ distributed in the star network. The relevance of these ideas is illustrated by applying our method to a specific multi-setting Bell inequality. We derive the corresponding network inequalities, and study their quantum violations. (paper)

  7. Monogamy inequalities for the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox and quantum steering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, M. D.

    2013-12-01

    Monogamy inequalities for the way bipartite Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen (EPR) steering can be distributed among N systems are derived. One set of inequalities is based on witnesses with two measurement settings, and may be used to demonstrate correlation of outcomes between two parties, that cannot be shared with more parties. It is shown that the monogamy for steering is directional. Two parties cannot independently demonstrate steering of a third system, using the same two-setting steering witness, but it is possible for one party to steer two independent systems. This result explains the monogamy of two-setting Bell inequality violations and the sensitivity of the continuous variable (CV) EPR criterion to losses on the steering party. We generalize to m settings. A second type of monogamy relation gives the quantitative amount of sharing possible, when the number of parties is less than or equal to m, and takes a form similar to the Coffman-Kundu-Wootters relation for entanglement. The results enable characterization of the tripartite steering for CV Gaussian systems and qubit Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger and W states.

  8. Falquet de Romans, “Ma bella dompna, per vos dei esser gais” (BdT 156.8

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Di Luca

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available “Ma bella dompna per vos dei esser gais” by Falquet de Romans has been taken for a courtly song for a long time. However, the poem’s metrical form is derived directly from that of the epic, as illustrated by the use of monorhymed ‘décasyllabes’ with non-systematic epic caesura and the presence of a ‘petit vers’ at the end of each stanza. The poem may thus be defined as stanzaic but not lyric because its versification is that of the chanson de geste and its music must be that of an epic chant. Moreover, its content reflects the rhetorical structure of the ‘salut d’amor’, an epistolary genre in which the lover sends a letter to his lady asking her to respond to his love. Thus, “Ma bella dompna” should be considered a formal hybrid between ‘salut d’amor’ and ‘chanson de geste’; in this sense it is to be compared to those few compositions of an epistolary nature that employ epic form, such as Raimbaut de Vaqueiras’ famous letter to the Marquis Boniface of Monferrato, which is probably the prototype of this poetic experiment, along with two pairs of ‘laisses’ exchanged between Gui de Cavaillon and Bertran Folco d’Avignon.

  9. Tradition and modernity in Marques of Tarifa pilgrimage to Jerusalem: Influence on the cultural heritage of Seville

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Encarnación Cambil Henández

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Tradition and modernity that characterizes the transition from the Middle Ages to the Modern Age in Spain, will be reflected in the pilgrimage trips to the Holy Land. During the sixteenth century, Christians travelers who came on pilgrimage to Jerusalem did their tour with a fundamentally religious and devotional interest. But he was not alone, as he joined other interests as the search of adventure, knowledge and business. During the journey, the pilgrim, full of emotion and spirituality, visiting shrines and relics for indulgences necessary for the good die and attain eternal life. However, during the return trip, and become traveler, carrying out other planned objectives becoming an experience that would later reflected in their environment and heritage. In this paper we analyze the stay of the Marquis of Tarifa in Jerusalem and his return trip to Seville, for his experience during these sections of the trip will be captured forever in the cultural landscape of the city of Seville.

  10. Implementation of patient safety strategies in European hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suñol, R; Vallejo, P; Groene, O; Escaramis, G; Thompson, A; Kutryba, B; Garel, P

    2009-02-01

    This study is part of the Methods of Assessing Response to Quality Improvement Strategies (MARQuIS) research project on cross-border care, investigating quality improvement strategies in healthcare systems across the European Union (EU). To explore to what extent a sample of acute care European hospitals have implemented patient safety strategies and mechanisms and whether the implementation is related to the type of hospital. Data were collected on patient safety structures and mechanisms in 389 acute care hospitals in eight EU countries using a web-based questionnaire. Subsequently, an on-site audit was carried out by independent surveyors in 89 of these hospitals to assess patient safety outputs. This paper presents univariate and bivariate statistics on the implementation and explores the associations between implementation of patient safety strategies and hospital type using the chi(2) test and Fisher exact test. Structures and plans for safety (including responsibilities regarding patient safety management) are well developed in most of the hospitals that participated in this study. The study found greater variation regarding the implementation of mechanisms or activities to promote patient safety, such as electronic drug prescription systems, guidelines for prevention of wrong patient, wrong site and wrong surgical procedure, and adverse events reporting systems. In the sample of hospitals that underwent audit, a considerable proportion do not comply with basic patient safety strategies--for example, using bracelets for adult patient identification and correct labelling of medication.

  11. Nostalgia of the Encomienda. Rereading Juan Suárez de Peralta's Tratado del descubrimiento (1589

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique González González

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The work Tratado del descubrimiento de las Yndias y su conquista, written  by the New Spain Creole Juan Suárez de Peralta around 1589, has traditionally been read as just another Conquest chronicle, scarcely interesting in its first chapters, but fully vivid in its “second” part, where the author  tells of the so-called conspiracy of Martín Cortés,  Second Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca. This paper, however, suggests that the Tratado, in keeping with its title, must be read as a treatise in which Suárez de Peralta pleads for the legitimacy of the encomienda and offers an account of the fateful —as he sees them— consequences  brought about by the Crown's rulings to suppress it. Therefore, the Tratado must be considered within the great debates of the time on how conquered peoples, conquerors and their descendants  should be treated. Although not a professional lawyer, Suárez de Peralta turns out to be a resourceful and convincing writer. Far from offering a linear account  of a series of events, he takes advantage of ambiguity in order  to argue, from different  viewpoints,  on several issues. Sensing that he defends a lost cause, his allegation oozes irony, disillusion, and nostalgia.

  12. O pensamento conservador ibero-americano na era das independências (1808-1850 Conservative ibero-american thought in the age of independences (1808-1850

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Edward Cyril Lynch

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A intenção do artigo é fornecer um panorama ideológico da América Ibérica da época das independências, especialmente no que diz respeito às ideologias de direita. Busca-se, assim, definir o que seja conservadorismo, distinguindo-o do puro reacionarismo para, em seguida, comparar a orientação de José Bonifácio e de Marquês de Caravelas, no Brasil, com aquela desenvolvida por Bolívar, tendo em vista os dilemas do conservadorismo ibero-americano. A comparação esclarece as diferentes trajetórias da antiga América portuguesa e da antiga América hispânica, no decorrer do século XIX.This article intends to study the right-wing ideologies of Latin America during the first half of the nineteenth century. At first, it tries to define what conservatism is and to point out its differences from the rhetoric of reaction; later, the thought of José Bonifacio and the Marquis of Caravelas is compared to that of Simon Bolivar, underlying the dilemmas of Latin American conservatism. The comparison enlightens the different ways followed by the ancient Portuguese and Hispanic America after political independence.

  13. The Astronomical Instruments from the Tomb of Xiahou Zao (? - 165BCE) Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Yunli

    2012-09-01

    In 1977, archaeologists unearthed a piece of lacquerware from the tomb of Xiahou Zao (?--165BCE), the 2nd Marquis of Ruyin of the Western Han dynasty (206BCE--24ACE). It has been named ``A Lacquerware Article of Unkown Name" for no one understands its function. Our analysis shows that the article is actually a gnomon for the determination of 4 major seasons in ancient Chinese calendar, viz. Spring Equinox, Summer Solstice, Autumn Equinox and Winter Solstice, and the size and function of the article coincide quite well with those of the ``Earth Gnomon-Scale" as described in the Rites of Zhou, a Confucian Classic appeared in the middle of the 2nd century BCE. This is the earliest example of its kind that we have hitherto seen in a complete form. Moreover, the "Disks with 28 Lunar Lodges" from the same tomb have caused a lasting dispute over their possible function. While some scholars believe it to be a pure astrological instrument, others guess that it was an instrument for the measurement of celestial coordinates. Our analysis shows that, with the so-called ``Supporting Frame for the Cosmic Boards" unearthed from the same tomb, the disks can actually be mounted onto the plane of the celestial equator and thus form the earliest and definitely dated example of an equatorial device for astronomical observation that still can be seen in the world.

  14. Ignazio Villa: un eclettico dell’800 da riscoprire attraverso alcune inedite sculture tra Palazzo Pitti e la sua Palazzina-studio a Firenze

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marconi, Elena

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In 1895 a contemporary described Ignazio Villa as an «Engineer, sculptor, painter, astronomer, and above all a great original». The quotation highlights the encyclopaedic nature of Mr. Villa’s genius by categorizing him as an individual devoted to disciplines so diverse as visual arts, astronomy, mechanics and geography, skills for which Villa gained renown both internationally and in Italy. Today, Villa’s fame has been limited to his Palace and Studio, on Via il Prato, a unique neo-Gothic architecture located in Florence. Villa is also well-known for his family’s relationship with Mario Sironi, one of the most important Italian painters of the twentieth century. This article aims to revive the academic and public interest in this talented artist by examining some of his unknown sculptures and portraits as a lens through which to understand some of the key moments of Villa’s life. We consider the artist’s social standing and his contact with the Milanese nobility, specifically the Marquis Busca and the Duke Tommaso Scotti, leading Florentine intellectuals, and members of the international high society such as Prince Poniatowski, and the House of Savoy, for whose members Villa served as an official portraitist.

  15. Voltaire e um episódio da história de Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Oscar de Almeida Marques

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available In his Précis du siècle de Louis XV Voltaire devotes two passages to events that took place in that century in Portugal: the devastation of Lisbon by the 1755 earthquake and the consequences of the Jesuits' alleged involvement, three years later, in the assassination attempt against King D. José I. Voltaire shows two tips of a story, but keeps hidden -or maybe even ignores -the continuous line that unites them and makes them, as I propose in the title, parts of a single episode.The missing link, of course, is the controversial Minister Sebastião José de Carvalho Melo, Count of Oeiras and Marquis of Pombal. Being a brilliant historian and, above all, a deep analyst of princes and rulers, it is a pity that Voltaire did not show much interest in a more detailed investigation of those political developments. By filling the gaps and correcting some faults of his report, I point to several elements that should have been taken more seriously by Voltaire and could have provided him some good clues as to the fate that awaited the French monarchy some 30 years later. .

  16. Ethanol and air quality: influence of fuel ethanol content on emissions and fuel economy of flexible fuel vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubbard, Carolyn P; Anderson, James E; Wallington, Timothy J

    2014-01-01

    Engine-out and tailpipe emissions of NOx, CO, nonmethane hydrocarbons (NMHC), nonmethane organic gases (NMOG), total hydrocarbons (THC), methane, ethene, acetaldehyde, formaldehyde, ethanol, N2O, and NH3 from a 2006 model year Mercury Grand Marquis flexible fuel vehicle (FFV) operating on E0, E10, E20, E30, E40, E55, and E80 on a chassis dynamometer are reported. With increasing ethanol content in the fuel, the tailpipe emissions of ethanol, acetaldehyde, formaldehyde, methane, and ammonia increased; NOx and NMHC decreased; while CO, ethene, and N2O emissions were not discernibly affected. NMOG and THC emissions displayed a pronounced minimum with midlevel (E20-E40) ethanol blends; 25-35% lower than for E0 or E80. Emissions of NOx decreased by approximately 50% as the ethanol content increased from E0 to E30-E40, with no further decrease seen with E55 or E80. We demonstrate that emission trends from FFVs are explained by fuel chemistry and engine calibration effects. Fuel chemistry effects are fundamental in nature; the same trend of increased ethanol, acetaldehyde, formaldehyde, and CH4 emissions and decreased NMHC and benzene emissions are expected for all FFVs. Engine calibration effects are manufacturer and model specific; emission trends for NOx, THC, and NMOG will not be the same for all FFVs. Implications for air quality are discussed.

  17. L’Hôpital's Analyse des infiniments petits an annotated translation with source material by Johann Bernoulli

    CERN Document Server

    Bradley, Robert E; Sandifer, C Edward

    2015-01-01

    This monograph is an annotated translation of what is considered to be the world’s first calculus textbook, originally published in French in 1696. That anonymously published textbook on differential calculus was based on lectures given to the Marquis de l’Hôpital in 1691-2 by the great Swiss mathematician, Johann Bernoulli. In the 1920s, a copy of Bernoulli’s lecture notes was discovered in a library in Basel, which presented the opportunity to compare Bernoulli’s notes, in Latin, to l’Hôpital’s text in French. The similarities are remarkable, but there is also much in l’Hôpital’s book that is original and innovative. This book offers the first English translation of Bernoulli's notes, along with the first faithful English translation of l’Hôpital’s text, complete with annotations and commentary. Additionally, a significant portion of the correspondence between l’Hôpital and Bernoulli has been included, also for the fi rst time in English translation. This translation will provide ...

  18. A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE INTRODUCTION OF MODERN SCIENCE TO PORTUGAL DURING THE 18th CENTURY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TERESA CASTELÃO-LAWLESS

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The focus of this article is on the role played by members of the Society of Jesus, the Order of the Oratorians, and the Jewish community in the introduction of Modern science in Portugal during the 18th century. The record of their publications prove, contrary to common stereotypes on the permanent conflict between science and religion, that they all embraced Modern, anti-Aristotelian, natural philosophy fairly equally and unreservedly. The rhetoric they used in manuscript Dedications to prospective patrons also show that they were actively engaged in shifting Modern science from a context of private consumption to one of public circulation. I acknowledgethat the dissemination of Modern science in Portugal during the 1700’s was slow and protracted. This phenomenon, however, was not, as typically argued, caused by scientific conservatism on the part of the religious Orders, or the ill will of patrons of the sciences, but by the political motives of enlightened despots João V, José I and his Prime-Minister the Marquis of Pombal.

  19. Le «Tusculane» di Tulio clarissimo oratore tradocte di latino in volgare fiorentino, a pititione di messere Nugnio Gusmano ispagnuolo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Bellone

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available RIASSUNTO: Il contributo focalizza la propria attenzione sul volgarizzamento toscano delle Tusculanae disputationes di Marco Tullio Cicerone, opera ancora sostanzialmente inesplorata, portata a termine a Firenze intorno alla metà del secolo XV su committenza dell’umanista spagnolo Nuño de Guzmán, tramandata da un unico codice precocemente confluito nella Biblioteca del Marchese di Santillana e oggi conservato presso la Bibliothèque Nationale de France di Parigi. Nella prospettiva della futura edizione dell’esemplare, vengono in questa sede affrontate in via preliminare alcune questioni legate alla peculiare storia del testo, accompagnate dalla sintesi descrittiva del manoscritto e dalla trascrizione del Proemio dell’opera.ABSTRACT: This contribution aims at focusing the attention on the tuscan vulgarization of the Tusculanae disputationes by Marcus Tullius Cicero, a work that is still essentially unexplored, finished in Florence around half of XV Century for commission of the spanish humanist Nuño de Guzmán, transmitted by a unique code contained in the Library of the Marquis of Santillana and nowadays kept inside the Bibliothèque Nationale de France in Paris. In the perspective of a future edition of this work, some episodes connected to the history of the text are herein illustrated and examined. There is also a complement with the descriptive synthesis of the manuscript and the transcription of the Proemio of the work.

  20. [News on the trip and the diplomatic mission of a Portuguese ambassador to China in 1752. Critical and analytical study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    José, J; Frada, C

    1994-11-01

    The author of this report has worked out a critical-analytical study, based on the news of a voyage to China, carried out by a Portuguese ambassador, which was also a diplomatic mission, in 1752, during the Marquis of Pombal era, Prime Minister of king Dom Jose I. This study is directed under two perspectives: medical and historical-diplomatic. The former not only allows the assessment of the high degree of organization of this voyage as far as food supplies and medical support are concerned, but it also shows the reflection and the diagnosis correction of tuberculosis of the lungs, in a seaman, carried out by a surgeon on board, which we totally refute. The latter, which only aims at giving some further data for the study of the Portuguese Diplomatic History, let us know some of the complex procedures and protocols established between our diplomatic representative and the high Chinese rulers, both the Emperor himself and the mandarins. Contrary to other previous attempts of diplomatic, economic and social relations, either partially or totally frustrated, this mission constituted a great success for Portugal and may, indeed, be considered as a decisive step for the recognition of Portuguese sovereignty over the territory of Macao and its dependencies in 1887.

  1. La misión de Velázquez y sus agentes en Roma y Venecia: 1649-1653

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    Salort, Salvador

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available In the following study we analyze one of the missions carried out by Velazquez in Italy during his second journey: to contract the execution and transport of the modem sculptures and casts of the classical statues, made out of bronze and plaster, that he chose and acquired to garnish the new rooms of the Madrid Alcázar. To this purpose, we have found and studied new important documentation —in part unpublished, in part cited, but never considered in its ensemble^ that will permit us to confirm and concrete some hypothesis, and to point out new data about different aspects of Velazquez's mission. To this respect, we refer, for example, to which was Velazquez residence in Rome, which collections he visited, what were the specific arrangements implemented by the painter to shoulder the royal commission, including the determination of the roles played by Giuliano Finelli, the Count of Oñate, the Duke of Infantado, the Marquis of la Fuente, don Santiago Cardoso, don Juan de Córdoba and other agents at Velazquez's service for the royal assignment. Finally, we bring up new documentation on his third staying in Venice, setting, for the first time, the period when he was doubtless in the famous Republic trying to buy paintings for the King's Collection.No disponible

  2. Dom Antonio de Noronha and the secret plan for the Cuieté

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    Laura de Mello e Souza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Filed in the Manuscript Division of the National Library, the work Livro Segundo das Cartas que o Ilmo. e Exmo. Sr. D. Antonio de Noronha Capitão General da Capitania de Minas Gerais escreveu durante o seu governo que teve princípio em 28 de maio de 1776(Second Book of the Letters that His Illustrious Excellency Mr. D. Antonio de Noronha, Captain General of the Captaincy of Minas Gerais, wrote during his government that began on May 28, 1776 is a remarkable set of documents not only about the government of Minas Gerais, but also about important administrative authorities of that period. This Codex includes the Plano secreto para a nova conquista do Cuieté(Secret plan for the new conquest of the Cuieté and the letters to the Marquis of Angeja and the minister Martinho de Mello e Castro, which are herein published. Written by the governor D. Antonio de Noronha himself, the documents show instructions and measures to be taken regarding the Cuieté region, in the sertão (hinterland of Minas Gerais, and reflect on critical issues in the context of the colonization of Portuguese America, such as the exercise of power by part of the metropolitan authorities, the specificity of the colonial population, the settlement of border areas, and the expansion of government and bureaucracy.

  3. Convocation address.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swaminathan, M S

    1998-07-01

    This address delivered to the 40th convocation of the International Institute for Population Sciences in India in 1998 opens by noting that a shortage of jobs for youth is India's most urgent problem but that the problems that attend the increasing numbers of elderly also require serious attention. The address then notes that the Earth's population is growing at an unsustainable rate while economic inequities among countries are increasing, so that, while intellectual property is becoming the most important asset in developed countries, nutritional anemia among pregnant women causes their offspring to be unable to achieve their full intellectual potential from birth. Next, the address uses a discussion of the 18th-century work on population of the Marquis de Condorcet and of Thomas Malthus to lead into a consideration of estimated increased needs of countries like India and China to import food grains in the near future. Next, the progress of demographic transition in Indian states is covered and applied to Mahbub ul Haq's measure of human deprivation developed for and applied to the region of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, and the Maldives). The address continues by reiterating some of the major recommendations forwarded by a government of India committee charged in 1995 with drafting a national population policy. Finally, the address suggests specific actions that could be important components of the Hunger-Free India Programme and concludes that all success rests on the successful implementation of appropriate population policies.

  4. Solid-stemmed spring wheat cultivars give better androgenic response than hollow-stemmed cultivars in anther culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weigt, Dorota; Kiel, Angelika; Nawracała, Jerzy; Pluta, Mateusz; Łacka, Agnieszka

    2016-01-01

    Solid-stemmed spring wheat cultivars ( Triticum aestivum L.) are resistant to the stem sawfly ( Cephus cinctus Nort.) and lodging. Anthers of 24 spring wheat cultivars with varying content of pith in the stem were used in the experiment. All were classified into three groups: solid, medium-solid and hollow stems. There was considerable influence of the cultivar on callus formation and green plant regeneration. The highest efficiency of green plant regeneration (24%) was observed for the solid-stemmed AC Abbey cultivar. There was no regeneration from the explants of four cultivars: CLTR 7027, Alentejano, Marquis and Bombona. Principal component analysis showed no differences between the cases under observation (callus induction and green plant regeneration) in their response to pre-treatment temperatures (4 and 8°C). The examination of the effects of various auxin types in the induction medium on callus formation and green plant regeneration revealed that the strongest stimulation of these processes was observed in the C17 medium with 2,4-D and dicamba. The efficiency of callus formation and green plant regeneration was greater in solid-stemmed cultivars than in hollow-stemmed cultivars.

  5. «Come i Visconti asediaro Pavia». Sieges and military operations around Pavia from 1356 to 1359

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    Fabio Romanoni

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The definitive conquering of Pavia by the Viscontis occurred at the end of a complex and dramatic situation, that saw diverse actors play a role on the territorial scene of Pavia: the armies and fleets of the Viscontis, the territorial forces like the marquis from Montferrat, the élite management of the of the city and in particular the Beccaria family. The present essay scrutinises in depth the technical-military aspects as well as the political trends that were developed in the city. Under the first point of view, the interest is, therefore, focused on the ‘block’ that tightened the hold on the city, isolating the same, in the summer of 1356, on the battlefield fortifications and their dislocation, on the role of the fluvial fleets. In the second prospective, the counterblows that the events of the siege had on the community of Pavia, engaged in the last desperate defence for the autonomy of the city, sustained by the Augustinian friar Jacopo Bussolari as a preacher but also as a political leader: therefore, the political disagreements and contrasts emerged amongst the citizens, the mobilisation to arms but also the discharging.

  6. Forensic electrochemistry: indirect electrochemical sensing of the components of the new psychoactive substance "Synthacaine".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cumba, Loanda R; Kolliopoulos, Athanasios V; Smith, Jamie P; Thompson, Paul D; Evans, Peter R; Sutcliffe, Oliver B; do Carmo, Devaney R; Banks, Craig E

    2015-08-21

    "Synthacaine" is a New Psychoactive Substance which is, due to its inherent psychoactive properties, reported to imitate the effects of cocaine and is therefore consequently branded as "legal cocaine". The only analytical approach reported to date for the sensing of "Synthacaine" is mass spectrometry. In this paper, we explore and evaluate a range of potential analytical techniques for its quantification and potential use in the field screening "Synthacaine" using Raman spectroscopy, presumptive (colour) testing, High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and electrochemistry. HPLC analysis of street samples reveals that "Synthacaine" comprises a mixture of methiopropamine (MPA) and 2-aminoindane (2-AI). Raman spectroscopy and presumptive (colour) tests, the Marquis, Mandelin, Simon's and Robadope test, are evaluated towards a potential in-the-field screening approach but are found to not be able to discriminate between the two when they are both present in the same sample, as is the case in the real street samples. We report for the first time a novel indirect electrochemical protocol for the sensing of MPA and 2-AI which is independently validated in street samples with HPLC. This novel electrochemical approach based upon one-shot disposable cost effective screen-printed graphite macroelectrodes holds potential for in-the-field screening for "Synthacaine".

  7. Introduction to the corporate governance model of a Portuguese organization of the Ancient Regime, with particular reference to its accounting: the Royal College of Nobles (1766

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    Miguel Ângelo Caçoilo Gonçalves

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This article explores, in an introductory approach, a former Portuguese educational institution: the Royal College of Nobles. This institution, founded in Lisbon in 1761 and opened in 1766, was an entity that made part of the public education reform undertaken by the Marquis of Pombal in the reign of D. José. The work expands the traditional boundaries of the definition of non-profits organizations in order to extend it to an old Portuguese educational entity. Our main objective is to present the main features of the organization, management and school administration of the Royal College of Nobles, in the light of the modern discourse applied to the understanding of phenomena assigned to the areas of education and management of non-profit entities. We also seek to present insights on the interrelation between accounting and this institution. We used a qualitative methodology and, to collect information, the method of analysis of texts and documents, especially primary sources. The main conclusion is that this entity, the Royal College of Nobles, used double entry bookkeeping in its system of accounting and, despite having corporate governance models, both executive and financial, absolutely innovative for the time, has failed in aspects of pedagogy, such as the inadequacy of curricula and the ineffective control of students’ disruptive behavior.

  8. [The beginning of western medical education].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kee, C D

    1992-01-01

    Our country had quite an advanced system of medical education during the era of the Koryo Kingdom, and during the Choson Dynasty, the Kyong Guk Dae Jon, in which a systematized medical education was clearly described, was compiled in the era of King Sejong. However, the educational system was not for Western medicine. Western medicine was first introduced to our country in the 9th year of King Injo (1631) when Chong Du Won, Yi Yong Jun, etc. returned from Yon Gyong (Beiuin) with Chik Bang Oe Gi. Knowledge of Western medicine was disseminated by Shil Hak (practical learning) scholars who read a translation in Chinese characters, of Chik Bang Oe Gi. Yi Ik (Song Ho), Yi Gyu Gyong (O ju), Choe Han Gi (Hye Gang), Chong Yak Yong (Ta San), etc., read books of Western medicine and introduced in writing the excellent theory of Western medicine. In addition, Yu Hyong Won (Pan Gye), Pak Ji Won (Yon Am), Pak Je Ga (Cho Jong), etc., showed much interest in Western medicine, but no writings by them about western medicine can be found. With the establishment of a treaty of amity with Japan in the 13th year of King Kojong (1876), followed by the succession of amity treaties with Western powers, foreigners including medical doctors were permitted to flow into this country. At that time, doctors Horace N. Allen, W. B. Scranton, John W. Heron, Rosetta Sherwood (Rosetta S. Hall), etc., came to Korea and inaugurated hospitals, where they taught Western medicine to Korean students. Dr. Horace N. Allen, with the permission of king Kojong, established Che Jung Won in April 1885, and in March 1886, he began at the hospital to provide education of Western medicine to Korean students who were recrutied by the Korean Government. However, the education was not conduted on a regular basis, only training them for work as assistants. This is considered to be the pioneer case of Western medical education in this country. Before that time, Japanese medical doctors came to Korea, but there are no

  9. The impact of Chinese cultural values on Taiwan nursing leadership styles: comparing the self-assessments of staff nurses and head nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Yuanmay

    2008-06-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of Chinese culture on nursing leadership behavior in Taiwan nurses. A descriptive study compared staff nurses' assessment of Chinese value in the leadership behavior of their head nurses. Data analysis was made on a convenience sample in Taiwan of 214 head nurses and 2,127 staff nurses who had worked with their head nurse for at least one year. Six medical centers and regional hospitals in northern (Taipei), central (Taichung) and southern (Kaohsiung) Taiwan were recruited for this study. Instruments included the demographic questionnaire, Chinese Value Survey, and Kang's Chinese Leadership Behaviors Module Scale. Results indicated that head nurses scored significantly higher than staff nurses in terms of all cultural values and leadership behaviors. Both staff nurses and head nurses scored the highest mean scores in personal integrity (Yi) and human connectedness (Ren) and the lowest in moral discipline (Li). Staff nurse perceptions of leadership behavior indicated the role of parent to be higher than either the role of director or mentor. Head nurses perceptions of leadership behavior emphasized the role of the director more than either parent or mentor. There were no significant differences between the staff nurses and head nurses in terms of expectative leadership behavior, which gave the role of director higher mean scores than those of either the parent or mentor. Positive and significant associations (r = .266 to r = .334) were found between cultural values and perceptions of leadership behavior. Cultural values predicted 10.6% of leadership behavior variance. The three demographic characteristics of location in northern Taiwan (beta = .09), intention to leave (beta = -.14), and general unit (beta = .10) and the two cultural values of human connectedness (Ren) (beta = .16) and personal integrity (Yi) (beta = .16) together reported a cumulative R2 of 14.6% to explain variance in leadership behavior

  10. Analysis of HIV prevalence among pregnant women in Liangshan Prefecture, China, from 2009 to 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Shujuan; Yang, Chao; Liao, Qiang; Zhai, Wenwen; Yu, Gang; Xiao, Lin; Wang, Qixing; Gong, Yuhan; Zhang, Suhua; Yao, Yongna; Wang, Ke; Wang, Ju; Bian, Shaochao; Liu, Qian

    2017-01-01

    Yi people make up about 50% of the population in Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China, but accounted for 88.07% of new HIV cases in the prefecture from 2011 to 2013. This study evaluated HIV prevalence in pregnant women of Liangshan Prefecture using HIV sentinel surveillance (HSS) data over the period of 2009 to 2015. Xichang, Zhaojue County, and Butuo County were selected as HSS sites. We investigated the temporal trends in HIV prevalence in these areas, and the association between demographic and behavioral characteristics and risk of HIV infection. Data on a total of 2797 pregnant women in Xichang and 3983 pregnant women in Zhaojue and Butuo was collected for the period 2009 to 2015. There was a fluctuating HIV prevalence among pregnant women of Xichang, with a rate of 0.75% in 2015 (χ2trend = 2.27, P = 0.13). HIV prevalence among pregnant women of Zhaojue and Butuo was consistently high, varying between 3.4% (9/267, 2011) and 10.3% (82/796, 2012) over the period of 2010 to 2015 (χ2trend = 0.12, P = 0.73). In Xichang, we found that Yi ethnicity (OR = 11.37, 95% CI = 2.92-44.25) and a husband who used drugs (OR = 32.13, 95% CI = 5.33-193.67) were significantly associated with HIV risk in pregnant women. For Zhaojue and Butuo, we observed that pregnant women had a higher risk of HIV infection when they were over 30 years old (OR = 1.72, 95% CI = 1.17-2.52), when they had a higher number of previous births, when their husbands had a history of migrating for work (OR = 1.56, 95% CI = 1.16-2.08), and when they had a history of other sexually transmitted infections (OR = 2.19, 95% CI = 1.16-2.08). Compared to those with a primary school education or below, pregnant women with a secondary or high school education level had a lower risk of HIV infection (OR = 0.28, 95% CI = 0.09-0.89). Our results indicate that there is a serious HIV epidemic among pregnant Yi women, especially for those with less education, more past births, or a husband with a history of

  11. Some bibliometric indexes for members of the Scientific Association of Animal Production (ASPA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Pulina

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study calculated several bibliometric indexes to analyze the scientific output of 363 members of the Scientific Association of Animal Production (ASPA in Italy, based on their publications listed by ISIThompson, Web of Science database (search period from 1989 until 2006. Five main research areas were considered: AGR/17 (Animal genetics and breeding, AGR/18 (Animal nutrition and feeding, AGR/19 (Animal husbandry, AGR/20 (Poultry, rabbits and fish production and External researcher (Ere. Position groups were: FP (Full Professor, AP (Associate Professor, Re (Researcher, EReUni (scientists working temporarily at the University or professors of an area different from AGR/17-20, and EReInst (scientists working at other institutions. Each institution was classified according to three geographical areas of Italy: North, Centre and South. Main calculated bibliometric indexes were: Ni = total number of papers published by member i over yi years; yi = number of years publishing of member i; Ci. = total number of citations of member i; IFpersonal. = Ci./Ni, Personal Impact factor of member i; Total IFjournal. = Sum of impact factor reported by the ISI-Thompson database of the journal in which a paper of member i was published (Journal Citation Reports Science Edition, 2004; Mean IFjournal. = Mean impact factor of all papers published in journals having a recognized IFjournal. by the ISI-Thompson database for member i; h = number of papers with at least h citations; m = h/y, i.e. average increase of h over the yi years publishing; and a = Ci./h2. Among the studied bibliometric indexes, Ni, Ci., Total IFjournal. and h are reliable, while IFpersonal. and Mean IFjournal. are not, to evaluate the scientific career of Animal Scientists in Italy. FP and members of AGR/17 tend to show the highest values of bibliometric indexes. Most ASPA members work in the North of Italy, which shows the highest median and highest percentage of scientists with maximum values

  12. Atrial fibrillation is a predictor of in-hospital mortality in ischemic stroke patients

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    Ong CT

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Cheung-Ter Ong,1,2 Yi-Sin Wong,3 Chi-Shun Wu,1 Yu-Hsiang Su1 1Department of Neurology, Chia-Yi Christian Hospital, 2Department of Nursing, Chung Jen Junior College of Nursing, Health Science and Management, Chiayi, 3Department of Family Medicine, Chia-Yi Christian Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan, Republic of China Background/purpose: In-hospital mortality rate of acute ischemic stroke patients remains between 3% and 18%. For improving the quality of stroke care, we investigated the factors that contribute to the risk of in-hospital mortality in acute ischemic stroke patients.Materials and methods: Between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2011, 2,556 acute ischemic stroke patients admitted to a stroke unit were included in this study. Factors such as demographic characteristics, clinical characteristics, comorbidities, and complications related to in-hospital mortality were assessed.Results: Of the 2,556 ischemic stroke patients, 157 received thrombolytic therapy. Eighty of the 2,556 patients (3.1% died during hospitalization. Of the 157 patients who received thrombolytic therapy, 14 (8.9% died during hospitalization. History of atrial fibrillation (AF, P<0.01 and stroke severity (P<0.01 were independent risk factors of in-hospital mortality. AF, stroke severity, cardioembolism stroke, and diabetes mellitus were independent risk factors of hemorrhagic transformation. Herniation and sepsis were the most common complications of stroke that were attributed to in-hospital mortality. Approximately 70% of in-hospital mortality was related to stroke severity (total middle cerebral artery occlusion with herniation, basilar artery occlusion, and hemorrhagic transformation. The other 30% of in-hospital mortality was related to sepsis, heart disease, and other complications.Conclusion: AF is associated with higher in-hospital mortality rate than in patients without AF. For improving outcome of stroke patients, we also need to focus to reduce serious neurological

  13. Geographic List of Prime Contract Awards. Oct 92-Sep 93. FY 93. (Amos, Kentucky-Montgomery County, Maryland). Part 6

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-03-01

    r 11 c I0-eJI C1 31 00000P0) 0 (icc C) Cr) M 0 W( D(DE DW D0)o I o0)0 II.’I1)cc jinI 11 ) C\\LC\\m NA NI C111 Mr (’*4 Y MCJMMMMM (nr (YiC ) (ici MCici...0 00 0 0 III0-Ic14򒰌 OW 000 00 00 000 00 00 000> 00 0 00 11 1 l-4N II 1 N N, NN N 4 N NNN > II 10-i- 11 >- z co11111 - I\\ jINI ,-t 0 11 N N 00 Nc 4ɚ...I 0011C U.L 11 c I caoc II 00 11 E I Gao 0r, 1 -- -I .- ---- -- - - - - - - -- ----- 114- I COLD4l II 000000000000000000000000000000000000000000 00 1

  14. Pulmonary MRI at 3T: Non-enhanced pulmonary magnetic resonance Imaging Characterization Quotients for differentiation of infectious and malignant lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagel, Sebastian Niko, E-mail: sebastian.nagel@charite.de [Klinik und Hochschulambulanz für Radiologie, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12203 Berlin (Germany); Kim, Damon, E-mail: damon.kim@charite.de [Klinik und Hochschulambulanz für Radiologie, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12203 Berlin (Germany); Institut für Röntgendiagnostik, HELIOS Klinikum Berlin-Buch, Schwanebecker Chaussee 50, 13125 Berlin (Germany); Penzkofer, Tobias, E-mail: tobias.penzkofer@charite.de [Klinik und Hochschulambulanz für Radiologie, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12203 Berlin (Germany); Steffen, Ingo G., E-mail: ingo.steffen@charite.de [Klinik und Hochschulambulanz für Radiologie, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12203 Berlin (Germany); Wyschkon, Sebastian, E-mail: sebastian.wyschkon@charite.de [Klinik und Hochschulambulanz für Radiologie, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Benjamin Franklin, Hindenburgdamm 30, 12203 Berlin (Germany); and others

    2017-04-15

    Objective: To investigate 3T pulmonary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for characterization of solid pulmonary lesions in immunocompromised patients and to differentiate infectious from malignant lesions. Materials and methods: Thirty-eight pulmonary lesions in 29 patients were evaluated. Seventeen patients were immunocompromised (11 infections and 6 lymphomas) and 12 served as controls (4 bacterial pneumonias, 8 solid tumors). Ten of the 15 infections were acute. Signal intensities (SI) were measured in the lesion, chest wall muscle, and subcutaneous fat. Scaled SIs as Non-enhanced Imaging Characterization Quotients ((SI{sub Lesion} − SI{sub Muscle})/(SI{sub Fat} − SI{sub Muscle})*100) were calculated from the T2-weighted images using the mean SI (T2-NICQ{sub mean}) or the 90th percentile of SI (T2-NICQ{sub 90th}) of the lesion. Simple quotients were calculated by dividing the SI of the lesion by the SI of chest wall muscle (e.g. T1-Q{sub mean}: SI{sub Lesion}/SI{sub Muscle}). Results: Infectious pulmonary lesions showed a higher T2-NICQ{sub mean} (40.1 [14.6–56.0] vs. 20.9 [2.4–30.1], p < 0.05) and T2-NICQ{sub 90th} (74.3 [43.8–91.6] vs. 38.5 [15.8–48.1], p < 0.01) than malignant lesions. T1-Q{sub mean} was higher in malignant lesions (0.85 [0.68–0.94] vs. 0.93 [0.87–1.09], p < 0.05). Considering infections only, T2-NICQ{sub 90th} was lower when anti-infectious treatment was administered >24 h prior to MRI (81.8 [71.8–97.6] vs. 41.4 [26.6–51.1], p < 0.01). Using Youden’s index (YI), the optimal cutoff to differentiate infectious from malignant lesions was 43.1 for T2-NICQ{sub mean} (YI = 0.42, 0.47 sensitivity, 0.95 specificity) and 55.5 for T2-NICQ{sub 90th} (YI = 0.61, 0.71 sensitivity, 0.91 specificity). Combining T2-NICQ{sub 90th} and T1-Q{sub mean} increased diagnostic performance (YI = 0.72, 0.77 sensitivity, 0.95 specificity). Conclusion: Considering each quotient alone, T2-NICQ{sub 90th} showed the best diagnostic performance and

  15. Herbal Prescriptions and Medicinal Herbs for Parkinson-Related Rigidity in Korean Medicine: Identification of Candidates Using Text Mining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, So Hyun; Hwang, Min Seob; Park, Hye Jin; Shin, Hwa Kyoung; Baek, Jin Ung; Choi, Byung Tae

    2018-03-27

    Dongeuibogam (DongYiBaoGian), one of the most important books in Korean medicine, comprises a comprehensive summary of all traditional medicines of North-East Asia before the 17th century. This medicinal literature was mined to establish a list of candidate herbs to treat Parkinson-related rigidity. A systematic search for terms describing Parkinson-related rigidity and candidate prescriptions for the treatment of Parkinson-related rigidity in the Dongeuibogam was performed. A high-frequency medicinal herb combination group and candidates for the treatment of Parkinson-related rigidity were also selected through an analysis of medicinal herb combination frequencies. The existing literature pertaining to the potential effects of candidate herbs for Parkinson-related rigidity was reviewed. Ten medicinal herb candidates for the treatment of Parkinson-related rigidity were selected, and their respective precedent studies were analyzed.

  16. Neurosyphilis with psychotic symptoms and Parkinsonism in a young girl

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yin L

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Li Yin,* Shoukang Zou,* Yi Huang Department of Psychiatry, West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: A 15-year-old girl with neurosyphilis was misdiagnosed as having viral encephalitis with psychotic symptoms and Parkinsonism. We found that she was experiencing visual hallucinations, persecutory delusions, flattening of affect, poorness of thought, tremors, four-limb rigidity, and restlessness, and she was unable to communicate with others. The Venereal Disease Research Laboratory serum test and further lumbar puncture enabled us to diagnose her with neurosyphilis. After antibiotic treatment, her psychotic symptoms and Parkinsonism were relieved. From this case, we believe that it is important to keep organic psychosis in mind during the diagnostic workup, and we argue that routine syphilis screening is necessary in psychiatry clinical practice. Keywords: syphilis, encephalitis, organic psychosis

  17. The city as a sign

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kharlamov, Nikita

    2012-01-01

    . This question is tackled through Jaan Valsiner’s notions of semiotic mediation and regulation. I specifically focus on spatial signs that humans use to regulate the meaning-making process that creates as meaningful what Georges Perec called species of spaces, such as towns and cities. “The city,” from...... this standpoint, becomes one of the most important signs that mediate and regulate our experience of environments we inhabit. I discuss a number of theoretical and methodological directions in which this framework could be further developed to revive the urban, or settlement, psychology, which failed to develop...... Werner, and Bernard Kaplan, and developed as cultural-developmental approach by Jaan Valsiner, the proposed framework centers on the experience of individual organismic relating to spatial environment. I draw on the work of Manuel Castells, Edward Soja, and Yi-Fu Tuan to conceptualize the emergence...

  18. Dicty_cDB: SLH207 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SL (Link to library) SLH207 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U11514-1 SLH207P (Link to Original site) SLH2...07F 689 SLH207Z 675 SLH207P 1364 - - Show SLH207 Library SL (Link to library) Clone ID SLH2...e URL http://dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/SL/SLH2-A/SLH207Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID SLH2...07P (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >SLH207 (SLH207Q) /CSM/SL/SLH2-A/SLH2...**yi Homology vs CSM-cDNA Score E Sequences producing significant alignments: (bits) Value SLH207 (SLH207Q) /CSM/SL/SLH2-A/SLH2

  19. Department of the Air Force Supporting Data for Fiscal Year 1988/89 Budget Estimates Submitted to Congress. Descriptive Summaries. Research, Development, Test and Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-09

    WW2 ^yi^^:^.V •V. If-’* a < «*-> ■ * «J a >> ui H o ft. w C o o 73 C a •o e 1 0 o • c ft. 2 • ft. ■ a 3...MUIVKS W’YtfsTALLAT IOM INFRARED SENSOR AMD FOCAL PLANE AJUvVT TEST, rAfilUIUB ’ mo.ncT HUMIH • MO^ICT COST uoooi 6,800 t COST IfTlMATII |T«M W’M...EQUIPMENT INSTALLATION INFRARED SEHSOR AND FOCAL PLANE ARRAY TEST FACILITIES: - MARX I INFRARED SENSOR (FT 89) 10V FOCAL PLANE ARXAY (FY

  20. Developmental rate and behavior of early life stages of bighead carp and silver carp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, Duane C.; George, Amy E.

    2011-01-01

    The early life stages of Asian carp are well described by Yi and others (1988), but since these descriptions are represented by line drawings based only on live individuals and lacked temperature controls, further information on developmental time and stages is of use to expand understanding of early life stages of these species. Bighead carp and silver carp were cultured under two different temperature treatments to the one-chamber gas bladder stage, and a photographic guide is provided for bighead carp and silver carp embryonic and larval development, including notes about egg morphology and larval swimming behavior. Preliminary information on developmental time and hourly thermal units for each stage is also provided. Both carp species developed faster under warmer conditions. Developmental stages and behaviors are generally consistent with earlier works with the exception that strong vertical swimming immediately after hatching was documented in this report.

  1. Delayed Senescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    Researcher Dr. Yi Li developed a technique to manipulate certain characteristics of plant growth such as anit-senescence. For example, the tobacco leaf was clipped from a transgenic plant (right), and a wildtype plant (left). During ground-based laboratory studies, both leaves were left in a darkened area for 4 months. When retrieved, the wildtype plant leaf was dried-out and the transgenic leaf remained fresh and green. A variation of this technology that involves manipulating plant hormones has been conducted in space-based studies on tomato plants through BioServe Space Technologies. The transport and distribution of auxin, an important plant hormone has shown to be influenced by microgravity, which could lead to improving the quality of fruits and vegetables grown on Earth.

  2. Nanobiomaterials development and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Papaefthymiou-Davis, Georgia C

    2013-01-01

    Nanomaterials in Nanobiotechnologies: Preparation, Characterization, and ApplicationsBio-Inspired Magnetic NanoparticlesGeorgia C. Papaefthymiou and Eamonn DevlinNanoparticles for BioimagingHye Sun Park and Yong Taik LimBiomedical Applications of Dendrimer Porphyrin or PhthalocyanineWoo-Dong Jang and Won-Gun KohPolymeric Nanoparticles in Cancer TherapyHeebeom Koo, Ji Young Yhee, Ick Chan Kwon, Kwangmeyung Kim, and Ramesh SubbiahCarbon Nanotube BioconjugatesMonica Samal, Dong Kee Yi, and Shashadhar SamalBiocatalytic NanosystemsJaehong Lim and Su Seong LeeMagnetically Induced Hyperthermia for Biomedical ApplicationsMichael Fardis, Ioannis Rabias, Georgios Diamantopoulos, Eleni Karakosta, Danai Tsitrouli, Vassilios Tzitzios, and Georgios PapavassiliouSoft Block Nanobuilding: New Preparation Routes of Soft Nanomaterials Using BiomoleculesEngineered Biomolecules as NanomaterialsYun Jung Lee and Ki Tae NamNanomaterials and Bio-MEMS: Nano- and Microscale Hybridization of Materials and ApplicationsMicrofluidic-Based ...

  3. Persistent Spin Current in a Hard-Wall Confining Quantum Wire with Weak Dresselhaus Spin-Orbit Coupling

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fu Xi; Zhou Guanghui

    2009-01-01

    We investigate theoretically the spin current in a quantum wire with weak Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling connected to two normal conductors. Both the quantum wire and conductors are described by a hard-wall confining potential. Using the electron wave-functions in the quantum wire and a new definition of spin current, we have calculated the elements of linear spin current density j s,xi T and j s,yi T (i = x, y, z). We find that the elements j T s,xx and j T s,yy have a antisymmetrical relation and the element j T s,yz has the same amount level as j s,xx T and j s,yy T . We also find a net linear spin current density, which has peaks at the center of quantum wire. The net linear spin current can induce a linear electric field, which may imply a way of spin current detection.

  4. Spectrochemical Series and the Dependence of Racah and 10Dq Parameters on the Metal−Ligand Distance: Microscopic Origin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trueba, A.; Garcia-Fernandez, P.; García Lastra, Juan Maria

    2011-01-01

    The origin of the spectrochemical series and the different dependence of crystal-field splitting (10Dq) and Racah parameters on the metal−ligand distance, R, is explored through ab initio calculations on Cr3+-doped K2NaScF6, Cs2NaYCl6, Cs2NaYBr6, and Cs2NaYI6 lattices. For this purpose both...... is actually responsible for the reduction of Racah parameters. This study thus reveals the microscopic origin of the stronger dependence upon R of 10Dq when compared to that observed for Racah parameters, thus explaining why electronic transitions which are 10Dq-independent give rise to sharp optical bands...

  5. Comments on Ge Zhaoguang’s Reading of the "Yŏnhaeng-nok" (Journeys to Beijing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-hsin Yeh

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available Ge Zhaoguang 葛兆光. Xiangxiang yiyu: Du Lichao Chaoxian hanwen Yanxing wenxian zhaji 葛兆光,想象异域:读李朝朝鲜韩文燕行文献札记 [Imagining a foreign place: Notes on Korean Yi-dynasty Beijing journals in classical Chinese]. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 2014. 302 pp., including three appendices and a reference bibliography. ISBN: 978-7101099430. Cross-Currents co-editor Wen-hsin Yeh (University of California, Berkeley discusses a contemporary Chinese commentary on the Yŏnhaeng-nok (Ch. Yanxinglu, Journeys to Beijing, a collection of Chosŏn-era travelogues written by Korean envoys to China (specifically, Beijing.

  6. Acoustic Analyses of the Singing Vibrato in Traditional Peking Opera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Qichao; Zhang, Ruifeng

    2017-07-01

    China's traditional Peking Opera has four standard categories of roles: Sheng, Dan, Jing, and Chou, the singing vibrato of each displaying a different auditory effect. The audio and respiratory signals were recorded for two performers of the Qing Yi role, one of the Jing role, one of the Chou role, one of the Lao Sheng role, one of the Xiao Sheng role, and one of the Lao Dan role. The recordings gained eventually consisted of 24 representative songs from six roles. The rates and extents of vibrato, fundamental frequency, and rib cage signals were analyzed. Two findings were obtained: (1) the classical opera singing vibratos of China and Western countries are acoustically different from each other; and (2) in Peking Opera, the singing vibratos of different roles show significant acoustic differences. Copyright © 2017 The Voice Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Mechanistic Insights of a Selective C-H Alkylation of Alkenes by a Ru-based Catalyst and Alcohols

    KAUST Repository

    Poater, Albert

    2016-09-11

    Density functional theory calculations have been used to investigate the reaction mechanism for [(C6H6)(PCy3)(CO) RuH](+) (1; Cy, cyclohexyl) mediated alkylation of indene substrate using ethanol as solvent. According to Yi et al. [ Science 2011, 333, 1613] the plausible reaction mechanism involves a cationic Rualkenyl species, which is initially formed from 1 with two equivalents of the olefin substrate via the vinylic C-H activation and an alkane elimination step. Once the active catalytic species is achieved the oxidative addition step is faced. The latter step together with the next C-C bond formation might display the upper barrier of the catalytic cycle. Having these experimental insights at hand, we investigated in detail the whole reaction pathway using several computational DFT approaches including alternative pathways, higher in energy.

  8. Petroleum hydrocarbons and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Hong Kong marine sediments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zheng, G.J.; Richardson, B.J.

    1999-01-01

    A total of 20 surficial sediment samples, obtained from Hong Kong coastal waters, were analysed for petroleum hydrocarbons (PHCs) and a suite of 15 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). The results indicate that Hong Kong coastal sediments are often seriously polluted with petroleum related hydrocarbons. This is especially so in heavily urbanised or industrialized localities, such as Kowloon Bay (Victoria Harbour), Tsing Yi North and Tolo Harbour. Petroleum hydrocarbon pollutants in marine sediments are believed to be mainly derived from the transportation of oil, shipping activities, spillages, and industrial, stormwater and waste wastewater discharge. The ratio of unresolved complex mixture (UCM) to n-alkanes, carbon preference index (CPI), and n-C 16 values indicate that the main contribution to petroleum hydrocarbon contamination is via oil and its products. Pollutant sources appear to be stable and continuing when compared with previous data. (author)

  9. Exploration for in situ leach amenable sandstone uranium deposits and their impact on the environment in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Weixing

    2002-01-01

    Taking the No. 512 uranium deposit in YiLi Basin, Xinjiang as an example, this paper describes the ore-forming geological settings of inter-layer oxidizing zone roll-front type of ISL amenable uranium deposits. It also summarizes the different exploration methods used during various stages of exploration. The paper also introduces the Dabu uranium deposit in Taoshan, Jiangxi, which is amenable to the in-place-leach mining method. It probes into the possibilities for transforming non-economic and sub-economic uranium deposits into economical and minable ones. In addition, the paper emphasizes that ISL uranium mining, when compared with conventional mining, plays an active role in reducing environmental contamination and restoring ecological balance. (author)

  10. Innovative development path of ethnomedicines: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Zhaoyun; Gui, Yali; Wang, Li; Wang, Ting; Yang, Yang; Niu, Yunzhuang; Fu, Dehuan; Wang, Jingkun; Cui, Tao

    2017-06-01

    Innovative development extends the vitality of ethnomedicines. Developing ethnomedicines is not only beneficial to the public but also to the related industry and transforms economic growth, driving local social and economic development further. Its economic benefit can be used to optimize and promote the hardware and software of the platform, as well as support the sustainable development of ethnomedicines. Apart from research and discussion on the innovative development of ethnomedicines on the basis of theory and regulations, this series of articles also summarizes cases that are conducive to the overall understanding of the necessity and feasibility of the innovative development. In terms of industrial development, large enterprises and products, such as Yunnan Baiyao, Guizhou Miao ethnomedicines, Cheezheng Tibetan Medicine, products developed from Dengzhanhua (Erigeron breviscapus), the Gold series of Yi ethnomedicines, and products developed from Sanqi (Panax notoginseng), in China are introduced and summarized, focusing on resource superiority, sustainable innovation, standard research and development, and production, as well as intellectual property protection.

  11. Tertiary lithofacies and paleo-geographic framework and interlayer oxidation zone sandstone uranium deposits in Longjiang-Zhaozhou area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Zhenqiang

    2003-01-01

    The main points of views for the experiment are: (1) Yi'an formation is mainly composed of limnetic facies of siltstone and fine sandstone, due to weak surface water, limited sedimentation and simple material source; (2) strengthened surface water and enormous material brought from north and west-north and enlarged sedimentation from north to south, the major deposition during Da'an period are channel facies of conglomerate and river bed facies of sandstone; (3) stronger surface water during Taikang period, led alluvial-flood plain facies brown-yellow conglomerate to develop along western margin of the basin, the channel facies of conglomerate and river bed facies of grey-green sandstone, pelitic siltstone were widely formed southward and eastward; (4) according to the lithofacies criterion for in-situ leachable sandstone uranium ore, Taikang formation is an ideal horizon, river bed facies is suitable for interlayer oxidation type uranium deposit. (author)

  12. Biosimilars design and analysis of follow-on biologics

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    "This book extensively covers both statistical and regulatory considerations from design to analysis of biosimilarity. … it is well presented and comprehensively covers fundamental issues and some of the newly developed methods for biosimilarity studies. The book is very balanced between scientific aspects and regulatory requirements. In addition, the reference lists give readers helpful information. … a valuable resource for anyone interested and involved in biosimilarity studies."-Biometrics, September 2014"[Professor] Chow's book Biosimilars: Design and Analysis of Follow-On Biologics … is the first book ever written on this topic. I commend Professor Chow for his effort to introduce the topic … Overall, this is a worthwhile reference book for statisticians interested in understanding biosimilar product development and evaluation." -Yi Tsong, PhD, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, US Food and Drug Administration, USA, in Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics>.

  13. Topofobia e topofilia em “A Terra”, de “Os Sertões”: uma análise ecocrítica do espaço sertanejo euclidiano / Topophobia and topophilia in”The Land” of “Os Sertões”: Analysis ecocriticism of space Sertanejo Euclideano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edilane Ferreira da Silva

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In 1902, the journalist Euclides da Cunha published the work Os Sertões which, starting Pre-Brazilian Modernism and enhance Bahia´s backlands from the Canudos War. We analyze the chapter “The Earth” of the Euclidean book, in order to examine the discourse method analysis and the ecocriticism perspective - which concerns the interactions between literature and ecology - the author approaches between the backwoods and wilderness, and his own feelings regarding this space, considering topophobia concepts - aversion to physical environment and topophilia - familiarity or attachment, proposed by the chinese geographer Yi-Fu Tuan and related humanistic geography. Thus, the present discourse in the narrative demonstrate predominance of dislikes and horror feelings for the caatinga, regarding the subjectivity of the writer and oikos referenced by him.

  14. Persistent Spin Current in a Hard-Wall Confining Quantum Wire with Weak Dresselhaus Spin-Orbit Coupling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FU Xi; ZHOU Guang-Hui

    2009-01-01

    We investigate theoretically the spin current in a quantum wire with weak Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling connected to two normal conductors.Both the quantum wire and conductors are described by a hard-wall confining potential.Using the electron wave-functions in the quantum wire and a new definition of spin current, we have calculated the elements of linear spin current density jTs,xi and jTs,yi(I = x, y, z).We lind that the elements jTs,xx and jTs,yy have a antisymmetrical relation and the element jTs,yz has the same amount level jTs,xx and jTs,yy.We also find a net linear spin current density, which has peaks at the center of quantum wire.The net linear spin current can induce a linear electric field, which may imply a way of spin current detection.

  15. AHP 40: NAMUYI TIBETAN pha⁵⁴ tsə⁵⁴ RITUALS AND ORAL CHANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Libu Lakhi (Li Jianfu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available sa54 da54 (b. 1939 is a Namuyi pha54 tsə54 - a traditional Namuyi religious practitioner/ specialist - who chants and conducts religious rituals. He lives and practices in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China. This article introduces pha54 tsə54 sa54 da54 and the many hours of his oral materials recorded by Libu Lakhi in 2009 that are archived at http://tinyurl.com/lgf3row. In addition, aspects of Namuyi religion are described, including terms of mountain deities, ill omens and taboos, the pha54 tsə54, sa54 da54, chants, and a personal account of a ritual done in Dashui Village, Minsheng Township, Xichang City, Sichuan Province in March 2013. An appendix, seven photographs, and a diagram provide additional detail.

  16. Study on the algorithm for Newton-Rapson iteration interpolation of NURBS curve and simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Wanjun; Gao, Shanping; Cheng, Xiyan; Zhang, Feng

    2017-04-01

    In order to solve the problems of Newton-Rapson iteration interpolation method of NURBS Curve, Such as interpolation time bigger, calculation more complicated, and NURBS curve step error are not easy changed and so on. This paper proposed a study on the algorithm for Newton-Rapson iteration interpolation method of NURBS curve and simulation. We can use Newton-Rapson iterative that calculate (xi, yi, zi). Simulation results show that the proposed NURBS curve interpolator meet the high-speed and high-accuracy interpolation requirements of CNC systems. The interpolation of NURBS curve should be finished. The simulation results show that the algorithm is correct; it is consistent with a NURBS curve interpolation requirements.

  17. An almost sure invariance principle for trimmed sums of random ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    the definition of α0, and observing that n − i. 2 ≤ E|X|2I (δ cn ≤ |X| ≤ cn) for some δ > 0, we can similarly get. ∞. ∑ n=1. 1 n. P. ( max. 1≤k≤n. ∣. ∣. ∣. ∣. ∣ k. ∑ i=1. ( n − i)Yi. ∣. ∣. ∣. ∣. ∣. ≥ εcn. ) ≤ C. ∞. ∑ n=1. 1 n exp. (. − ε2c2 n. 2p. ∑n i=1 n − i. 2. ) ≤ C. ∞. ∑ n=1. 1 n exp. (. − ε2c2 n. 4p. ∑Dn i=1 n − i. 2. ) + C.

  18. Geophysical Investigation in Support of Beaver Dam Comprehensive Seepage Investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-05-01

    29 JANUARY 1986 1118.35 3 MARCH 1986 1117.10 43 _9_ KANSAS CITY 65S city 630 FigreD.MiteNa rLA~c c roof To PMMEE OZRKS oll 4) 4 c0 x 9 c~ c 4) 154 iL...8217 q 10 S To F S T I U yI: 0 E H N IN sb a ITIU M C F T E A K E UOE S CRI P T 10N I N E T 0 s N s ~ LIYESTW *IE T I LIGHT To IAIRK i; RAYO I 31 1 ILl...VARlIER IV ISTE Figure 3. Geologic column 00 K 0 0 A~ V. 44 z u w LL0 s.- US LS C.) zo WECC; w0 0 Ř 4, + + +S + 4+ 03 4- + + z oO Z I 4- x 144 0

  19. Western cratonic domains in Uruguay: geochronology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preciozzi, F.; Peel, E.; Muzio, E.; Ledesma, R.; Guerequiz, R.

    2001-01-01

    The western cratonic domains in Uruguay are divided into three major units: Piedra Alta Terrane, Valentines Block and Pavas Block. Piedra Alta Terrane lacks of evidence of Neoproterozoic orogenesis (deformation, metamorphism or magmatism). Sarandí del Yi - Arroyo Solís Grande shear zone, separates it from Valentines Block. Valentines Block is separated from Pavas Block by Cueva del Tigre shear zone. Magmatic rocks with different ages, compositions and emplacements occur all over the Piedra Alta Terrane distributed in three metamorphic belts (Arroyo Grande, San José and Montevideo) as well as in the Central Gneissic-Migmatitic Complex (Figure 1). Samples from the Gneissic-Migmatitic complex, late tectonic granitoids and basic rocks associated to the metamorphic belts were analyzed using Rb/Sr, U/Pb, K/Ar and Sm/Nd methodologies. The age ranges obtained for granitoids

  20. Atmospheric Structure. Part 3. Upper Air and Surface Data: Stallion Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    1’, 0 in •••••••••••••• in ^ C(Ooooocc(\\iflO«(yiHH " I v ino »•••••»••••••• /) If) Cy0OO3OO(0OAIK) HHO A...x u o 2 < 2 < UJ 2 D 2 »-« 2 z CM CM(OOO)yOiOOlOlOɘCO^lOh<OOHlOa^\\DHlOOMO(y| HHO ^^•H^4 I I I I I •*»* <M * tO>0 vO KNh 4ɘ

  1. [Version and compilation of Harikyuuhousouyou of Vietnamese medical book].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Fengjuan; Xiao, Yongzhi

    2018-02-12

    Harikyuuhousouyou (《》)was written in 1827 and the author is unknown. The book has only one version which is collected by the National Library of Vietnam. The book contains one volume and includes contraindication of acupuncture and moxibustion, meridian points, point locations, indications and the therapeutic methods at extraordinary points. They are mainly cited from Zhen Jiu Da Quan (《》 Great Compendium on Acupuncture and Moxibustion ) by XU Feng , Yi Xue Ru Men (《》 Elementary Medicine ) by LI Chan and Shou Shi Bao Yuan (《》 Longevity and Health Preservation ) by GONG Tingxian in the Ming Dynasty. In the paper, in view of the characteristics of version and compilation, the hand-coped book was introduced. It was explored that Vietnam acupuncture absorbed Chinese medicine and emphasized clinical practice rather than theoretic statement.

  2. [Textual research on Costus root (Aucklandia lappa Decne) in the Sheng nong ben cao jing (Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Guangyan; Wang, Dequn; Fang, Shiying; Xu, Maohong

    2014-05-01

    Aucklandia lappa Decne was first recorded in the Sheng nong ben cao jing (Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica). Through the textual research of herbal literature, it was found that the costus root in the Sheng nong ben cao jing perhaps was not the plant of Aucklandia lappa Decne of Compositae, but the eaglewood or Lignum Aquilasria Resinatum based on the comprehensive judgment of shape, taste, nature, and function etc. In the Sheng nong ben cao jing, it only includes costus root without the title of eaglewood, and Tao Hongjing recorded both herbs together in his Ming yi bie lu (Supplementary Records of Celebrated Physicians), which became a foreshadow of misunderstanding of the later generations. Beginning from the Tang ben cao (Materia Medica of the Tang Dynasty), the costus root was considered as the plant of Auckiandia lappa Decne from the Compostae with its profound influence until now.

  3. A sensitive mapping technique for bismuth using α-particle tracks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thiel, K.; Damm, G.

    1976-01-01

    Bi-containing metals, minerals, and glasses were irradiated with thermal neutrons to produce the isotope Po-210 from the reaction Bi-209(n,γ) Bi-210 β-yi Po-210. After n-irradiation the Bi-microdistributions in the samples were recorded in cellulose nitrate and cellulose triacetate by α-track radiography using the induced Po-210 α-activity. The possible interference of U and Th and their decay series is discussed and taken into account. The ultimate Bi-detection limit was found to be ca. 10 ppb, and the spatial resolution achievable at Bi-concentrations in the ppm range is , approximately 10 μm. (orig.) [de

  4. Investigation on the hematopoietic effect of functional foods using radiation and preparing the provisional product

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sung Ho; Oh, Heon; Lee, Song Eun; Jeong, Yong Woon [Chonnam National University, Kwangju (Korea)

    1999-04-01

    We performed this study to determine the effect of several oriental prescriptions as energy tonic (Chinese medical concept: Bu-Qi) or blood building (Chinese medical concept: Bu-Xie) decoction and its major ingredients on jejunal crypt survival, endogenous spleen colony formation, and apoptosis in jejunal crypt cells of mice irradiated with high and low dose of gamma-irradiation. For the study of evaluation on the biological stability of irradiated chinese medical prescriptions, we performed the experiment to determine the effect of irradiated (10kGy) or unirradiated Si-Wu-Tang, Bu-Zhong-Yi-Qi-Tang and San-Ling-Bai-Shu-San in irradiated mice. Further studies are needed to characterize better the protective nature of the total extract and its ingredients and for preparing the provisional product. (author). 61 refs., 3 figs., 21 tabs.

  5. Indicadores de desempenho em rebanho da raça Holandesa: curvas de crescimento e altura, características reprodutivas, produtivas e parâmetros genéticos Productive indicator in a Holstein dairy herd: growth and height curves, reproductive and productive traits and genetic parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.E. Val

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available Foram analisados dados de peso, altura e desempenho produtivo e reprodutivo de 1.272 novilhas da raça Holandesa, nascidas no período de 1990 a 1998. Estudaram-se o desenvolvimento em peso e altura do nascimento até o primeiro parto, as características peso ao primeiro parto (PP, idade ao primeiro parto (IP, produção de leite na primeira lactação (PL, primeiro intervalo de partos (IEP, e os parâmetros genéticos pertinentes. As equações para as curvas de peso e altura, estimadas pelo modelo proposto por von Bertalanffy, foram: Yi= 802,10 (1 - 0,630EXP (-0,0022t e Yi= 1,40 (1 - 0,208EXP (-0,0038t, respectivamente. As novilhas atingiram o primeiro parto com altura média de 140cm e peso de 602kg aos 27 meses de idade. A produção total de leite na primeira lactação foi de 8.026kg e o primeiro IEP 420 dias. Na obtenção dos componentes de (covariância utilizou-se o método da máxima verossimilhança restrita livre de derivada. As estimativas de herdabilidade foram 0,31, 0,35 e 0,34, respectivamente, para PP, IP e PL, e 0,10 para IEP, evidenciando variância genética aditiva média para as três primeiras características. As correlações genéticas apresentaram pequena magnitude para PP e PL, PL e IP, e IEP e PL. A correlação entre IEP e PP foi 0,49; entre IEP e IP o valor foi negativo, -0,69, indicando provável antagonismo entre as duas últimas características.Data on weight, height, productive and reproductive performance of 1,272 Holstein heifers, born from 1990 to 1998, were used to evaluate the growth and height patterns of these females from birth to first calving, and the following traits: weight at first calving (PP, age at first calving (IP, milk production in the first lactation (PL and first calving interval (IEP, and to estimate genetic parameters of these traits. The von Bertalanffy fitted models were: Yi=802.10 (1-0.630EXP (-0.0022t for weight, and Yi=1.40 (1-0.208EXP (-0.0038t for height. The average

  6. The Effects of Short Wave UV Irradiation (254-366nm on Color Values of Recycled and Bleached ONP/OMP Pulps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emrah Peşman

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT As it is known, mechanical pulp papers include significant amount of lignin and carbohydrates as well as cellulose. Thus, when these lignin reach papers irradiated with short wave UV light they could not protect their color. In this study, bleaching of ONP/OMG recycled pulps with hydrogen peroxide, sodium percarbonate, sodium dithyonite, sodium borohydride and formamidin sulfunic acid were performed. Then the test papers of these pulps were irradiated with 254-366nm UV light and changes in the ISO Brightness, CIE L*a*b*, yellowness (YI and whiteness (WI values were observed. At the result of study, all bleaching agents were determined as insufficient in the respect of color stability. But if they compared with each other, the two stages sodium percarbonate-sodium borohydride bleaching sequence was gave the best results against to color reversion. Keywords: Old news/old magazine papers (ONP/OMG, Bleaching, Color Stability, UV Irradiation

  7. Microplastic pollution in the marine waters and sediments of Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsang, Y Y; Mak, C W; Liebich, C; Lam, S W; Sze, E T-P; Chan, K M

    2017-02-15

    The presence of plastic waste with a diameter of less than 5mm ("microplastics") in marine environments has prompted increasing concern in recent years, both locally and globally. We conducted seasonal surveys of microplastic pollution in the surface waters and sediments from Deep Bay, Tolo Harbor, Tsing Yi, and Victoria Harbor in Hong Kong between June 2015 and March 2016. The average concentrations of microplastics in local coastal waters and sediments respectively ranged from 51 to 27,909particles per 100m 3 and 49 to 279particles per kilogram. Microplastics of different shapes (mainly fragments, lines, fibers, and pellets) were identified as polypropylene, low-density polyethylene, high-density polyethylene, a blend of polypropylene and ethylene propylene, and styrene acrylonitrile by means of Attenuated Total Reflectance - Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy. This is the first comprehensive study to assess the spatial and temporal variations of microplastic pollution in Hong Kong coastal regions. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Antibacterial, antioxidant and optical properties of edible starch-chitosan composite film containing Thymus kotschyanus essential oil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tooraj Mehdizadeh

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Thyme Essential oils (EO with antimicrobial and antioxidant properties are widely used in pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and perfume industry. It is also used for flavoring and preservation of several foods. Nowadays, packaging research is receiving a considerable attention due to the development of eco-friendly materials made from natural polymers such as starch and chitosan. In this study Thymus kotschyanus EO concentrations ranging from 0 to 2.0%, incorporated in starch-chitosan composite (S-CH film were used. Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties significantly increased with the incorporation of EO (p < 0.05. Incorporating EO, increased total color differences (DE, yellowness index (YI and whiteness index (WI which were significantly higher than control and its transparency was reduced. Our results pointed out that the incorporation of Thymus kotschyanus EO as a natural antibacterial agent has potential for using the developed film as an active packaging.

  9. Recognition of dementia in ancient China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jia; Wang, Lu-Ning; Tian, Jin-Zhou

    2012-12-01

    A search of previous records in the literatures was done to summarize the opinions for dementia in ancient China. The earliest description of dementia was traced in the Yellow emperor's internal classic, a book written 2000 years ago. Hua Tuo (AD 140-208) in Han Dynasty first denominated "dementia" in the book, Hua Tuo Shen Yi Mi Zhuan. The pathogenesis of dementia could be generalized as the insufficiency of Qi, a flowing energy; the stagnation of phlegm, a harmful liquid substance in the body; and the blood stasis, which were also regarded as therapeutic targets. Therefore, we can conclude that dementia has been recognized and investigated in traditional Chinese medicine, which is definitely before the industrial civilization era. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. AHP 28: Review: Explorers and Scientists in China's Borderlands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregory Rohlf

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This collection of eight biographical essays from a 2007 symposium makes for engaging reading and holds together well as a book. The authors, mainly anthropologists, examine the lives of ten explorers who were active primarily in the first half of the twentieth century. Some worked for decades in the Chinese borderlands. Several became quite well-known and influential figures during their lifetime and after, such as Joseph Rock, but it is likely that most of the explorers featured here will be new to readers. They were active primarily in Sichuan and Yunnan and were North Americans or Europeans with one exception, Ding Wenjiang, who is examined alongside the Swede, Johan Gunnar Andersson. All were men with the exception of Hedwig Weiss, a German who travelled with her diplomat husband, Fritz, in Sichuan and photographed the Yi people of Liangshan.

  11. MİLLÎ TARIM ENFORMASYON SİSTEMİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Akbulut

    1986-06-01

    Full Text Available İngiliz Tanm Enformasyon sistemi uzmanı G. Tansey, Türkiyede tarımın geliştirilmesi konusunda, köylü ve çiftçilerin eğitilmesi için Tarım Orman ve Köyişleri Bakanlığı bünyesinde kurulan Yayım ve Uygulamalı Araştırma Projesi hakkında bilgi vermekte, Bakanlıkta ve çeşitli kentlerde yapılan çalışmaları anlatmaktadır.

  12. Issues surrounding end-of-life decision-making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tejwani V

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Vickram Tejwani,1,* YiFan Wu,1,* Sabrina Serrano,2 Luis Segura,2 Michael Bannon,3 Qi Qian1 1Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, 2Mayo Graduate School, 3Department of Trauma, Critical Care, and General Surgery, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN, USA *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: End-of-life decision-making is a complex process that can be extremely challenging. We describe a 42-year-old woman in an irreversible coma without an advance directive. The case serves to illustrate the complications that can occur in end-of-life decision-making and challenges in resolving difficult futility disputes. We review the role of advance directives in planning end-of-life care, the responsibility and historical performance of patient surrogates, the genesis of futility disputes, and approaches to resolving disputes. Keywords: end-of-life care, advance directive, surrogate, futility dispute, conflict resolution

  13. 21. ATSR congress - Book of abstracts; 21eme congres de l'ATSR - Recueil des resumes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-10-15

    This document brings together the abstracts of all presentations given at the 21. congress of the French association for radiation protection techniques and sciences (ATSR) on the topic of Radiation protection and communication (sociology and communication impact in radiation protection): 1 - radiation protection: a permanent conciliation (G. Berne, SPR Cadarache); 2 - the nuclear argument group (M. Chevalier, R. Rzekiecki, GASN); 3 - role of the technical accreditation centre for radiation protection instrumentation (CTHIR) in radiation protection (G. Bicheron, P. Franco, IPSN); 4 - genotoxicity evaluation of ionizing radiations in a population of industrial radiologists using the lymphocyte micro-nuclei test (Sari-Minodier, T. Orsiere, D. Charrier, A. Botta, Laboratory of Bio-geno-toxicology, Medicine School, Marseille - AIMT 13, Martigues); 5 - impact of iodine 131 effluents from a cancer center on the radioactivity levels of the waste water industry ( E. Desjardins, S. Laugle, J-C. Houy, Centre Eugene Marquis, Rennes); 6 - exposed areas and personnel reclassification in medical establishments (S. Laugle, J-C. Houy, Centre Eugene Marquis, Rennes); 7 - 2SNM - a tool used by the navy for the real-time monitoring of its nuclear facilities (Y. Baron, Navy Military Staff); 8 - Intervention of the Army health service in case of radio-biological-type accident during peacetime (P.M. Curet, M. Croq, Armies Radiobiological Protection Service); 9 - the first aid chain in case of nuclear accident (L. Jorda, fire and safety Services of Bouches-du-Rhone; P. Rigaud, Central group, technological risks unit); 10 - Initiation to radioactivity in seventh grade classes of schools (G. Goulin (physics teacher, college Mignet Aix-en-Provence; J-C. Blanc, G. Juste, ATSR); 11 - communication for young people (H. Bernard, M. Gerster-Martinez, CEA-Cadarache); 12 - major risks, preventive information at Aix-en-Provence (P. Lespinat (Aix-en-Provence city security unit); 13 - scientific

  14. 20. ATSR congress - Book of abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    , CNRS, Nantes Univ.); - Conference: 16 - Works of art expertise using X-ray spectroscopy (Albert Adam, CEA-Saclay); - Effects on the organism: 17 - health issues with high level wastes (Jacques Lafuma, Academy of Sciences, Academy of Medicine); 18 - Summary of epidemiological studies of the leukemia risk near nuclear sites (Dominique Laurier, IPSN Fontenay-aux-Roses); 19 - Quantification of leukemia risk in relation with a chronic exposure to ionising radiations: lessons learnt by the Nord-Cotentin radioecological group (Catherine Rommens, Dominique Laurier, IPSN Fontenay-aux-Roses); - Radioecology: 20 - From radiation to risk: the Nord-Cotentin radioecological group model (Aurelie Merle-Szeremeta, Catherine Rommens, Caroline Drombry, IPSN Fontenay-aux-Roses); 21 - Interpretation of calculation code results about the radiological impacts of radioactive releases (Henri Maubert, SPR/CEA Cadarache); - Use of radiations at hospitals: 22 - Improvement of the radioactive waste management of a regional cancer centre (Sandrine Laugle, Jean-Claude Houy, Eugene Marquis Centre Rennes); 23 - Detection of a radioactive source in an incineration plant dumpster: decision-making study according to the activity calculation (Jean-Claude Houy, Sandrine Laugle, Eugene Marquis Centre Rennes); - Environment: 24 - Model or measurements: what strategy for an environmental contamination estimation? (Caroline Drombry-Ringeard, Hemispheres Egly, Catherine Rommens, IPSN Fontenay-aux-Roses); 25 - Radiological risks magnitude (Jean Charles ABBe, CNRS, Nantes Univ.); 26 - Radiological monitoring of La Hague site environment (Philipp Blaise, H. Truffert, Cogema La Hague); - Posters: Po 01 - Inter-laboratory comparison of French low-energy anthropo-diametric measurements (D. Franck, Ph. Berard, C. Dubiau, R. Soulie, IPSN Fontenay-aux-Roses); Po 02 - Modification principles of the CEA Cadarache radiological monitoring plan (Elodie Panaiva-Pouzol, Serge Escallon, Henri Maubert, SPR/CEA Cadarache)

  15. 21. ATSR congress - Book of abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-10-01

    This document brings together the abstracts of all presentations given at the 21. congress of the French association for radiation protection techniques and sciences (ATSR) on the topic of Radiation protection and communication (sociology and communication impact in radiation protection): 1 - radiation protection: a permanent conciliation (G. Berne, SPR Cadarache); 2 - the nuclear argument group (M. Chevalier, R. Rzekiecki, GASN); 3 - role of the technical accreditation centre for radiation protection instrumentation (CTHIR) in radiation protection (G. Bicheron, P. Franco, IPSN); 4 - genotoxicity evaluation of ionizing radiations in a population of industrial radiologists using the lymphocyte micro-nuclei test (Sari-Minodier, T. Orsiere, D. Charrier, A. Botta, Laboratory of Bio-geno-toxicology, Medicine School, Marseille - AIMT 13, Martigues); 5 - impact of iodine 131 effluents from a cancer center on the radioactivity levels of the waste water industry ( E. Desjardins, S. Laugle, J-C. Houy, Centre Eugene Marquis, Rennes); 6 - exposed areas and personnel reclassification in medical establishments (S. Laugle, J-C. Houy, Centre Eugene Marquis, Rennes); 7 - 2SNM - a tool used by the navy for the real-time monitoring of its nuclear facilities (Y. Baron, Navy Military Staff); 8 - Intervention of the Army health service in case of radio-biological-type accident during peacetime (P.M. Curet, M. Croq, Armies Radiobiological Protection Service); 9 - the first aid chain in case of nuclear accident (L. Jorda, fire and safety Services of Bouches-du-Rhone; P. Rigaud, Central group, technological risks unit); 10 - Initiation to radioactivity in seventh grade classes of schools (G. Goulin (physics teacher, college Mignet Aix-en-Provence; J-C. Blanc, G. Juste, ATSR); 11 - communication for young people (H. Bernard, M. Gerster-Martinez, CEA-Cadarache); 12 - major risks, preventive information at Aix-en-Provence (P. Lespinat (Aix-en-Provence city security unit); 13 - scientific

  16. Tres documentos inéditos para la historia de la guerra de reconquista inca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1984-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article sont publiées les déclarations de trois témoins oculaires des événements de 1533 à 1558, c'est-à-dire depuis l'entrée de Manko Inka Yupanki à Cusco, avec ses alliés espagnols, jusqu'à la 'sortie' de l'auki Sayri Thupa, -un de ses enfants- en 1558, sur la pression militaire et diplomatique du Marquis de Cañete. Ces témoignages directs, confrontés avec d'autres contemporains, constituent de nouveaux éléments inédits pour éclairer la version donnée par les sources espagnoles de cette époque ils font connaître également, et presque en détail, les négociations du vice-roi Marquis de Cañete, lequel se proposait d'en finir pacifiquement avec la résistance héroïque de Vilcabamba, ainsi que la prudence Inca pour déjouer ce plan et éviter les dangers d'une guerre contre ce dernier réduit du Tawantinsuyo. Il ressort de ces témoignages, comparés avec d'autres fiables que nous avons consultés, la mise en question de la vérité sur la succession de Sayri Thupa à la mort de son père, Manko Inka, et la possibilité que le jeune auki ait simulé cette fonction par le truchement d'un artifice politique de la Cour de Vilcabamba. Se publican en este artículo las declaraciones de tres testigos presenciales de los sucesos de 1533 a 1558, es decir desde la entrada de Manko Inka Yupanki al Cusco, con sus aliados españoles, hasta la 'salida' del auki Sayri Thupa, -uno de sus hijos- en 1558, ante la presión militar y diplomática del Marqués de Cañete. Estos testimonios directos, confrontados con otros coetáneos, constituyen nuevos e inéditos elementos de juicio para aclarar la versión de las fuentes hispanas de estos años y para conocer casi en detalle las negociaciones del virrey Marqués de Cañete, que se proponía acabar pacíficamente con la resistencia heroica de Vilcabamba, y la cautela Inca para burlar este propósito y evitar los peligros de una guerra contra este último reducto del Tawantinsuyo

  17. Massively parallel sequencing of 165 ancestry informative SNPs in two Chinese Tibetan-Burmese minority ethnicities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zheng; He, Guanglin; Luo, Tao; Zhao, Xueying; Liu, Jing; Wang, Mengge; Zhou, Di; Chen, Xu; Li, Chengtao; Hou, Yiping

    2018-05-01

    The Tibeto-Burman language, one subfamily of the Sino-Tibetan languages, is spoken by over 60 million people all over East Asia. Yet the ethnic origin and genetic architecture of Tibeto-Burman speaking populations remain largely unexplored. In the present study, 169 Chinese individuals from Tibeto-Burman speaking populations (two ethnic groups: Tibetan and Yi) in four different geographic regions in western China were analyzed using the Precision ID Ancestry Panel (165 AISNPs) and the Ion PGM System. The performance and corresponding forensic statistical parameters of this AISNPs panel were investigated. Comprehensive population genetic comparisons (143 populations based on Kidd' SNPs, 92 populations on the basis of Seldin' SNPs and 31 populations based on the Precision ID Ancestry Panel) and ancestry inference were further performed. Sequencing performance demonstrated that the Precision ID Ancestry Panel is effective and robust. Forensic characteristics suggested that this panel not only can be used for ancestry estimation of Tibeto-Burman populations but also for individual identification. Tibetan and Yi shared a common genetic ancestry origin but experienced the complex history of gene flow, local adaptation, and isolation, and constructed the specific genetic landscape of human genetic diversity of Highlander and Lowlander populations. Tibetan-Burman populations and other East Asian populations showed sufficient genetic difference and could be distinguished into three distinct groups. Furthermore, analysis of population structure revealed that significant genetic difference was existed inter-continent populations and strong genetic affinity was observed within-continent populations. Additional population-specific AISNPs and a relatively more comprehensive database with sufficient reference population data remain necessary to get better-scale resolution within a geographically proximate populations in East Asia. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights

  18. Preliminary biocompatible evaluation of nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide 66 composite porous membrane

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yili Qu

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Yili Qu1,3, Ping Wang1,3, Yi Man1, Yubao Li2, Yi Zuo2, Jidong Li21State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China; 2Research Center for Nano-Biomaterials, Analytical and Testing Center, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China; 3These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Nano-hydroxyapatite/polyamide 66 (nHA/PA66 composite with good bioactivity and osteoconductivity was employed to develop a novel porous membrane with asymmetric structure for guided bone regeneration (GBR. In order to test material cytotoxicity and to investigate surface-dependent responses of bone-forming cells, the morphology, proliferation, and cell cycle of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs of rats cultured on the prepared membrane were determined. The polygonal and fusiform shape of BMSCs was observed by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM. The proliferation of BMSCs cultured on nHA/PA66 membrane tested by the MTT method (MTT: [3-{4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl}-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazoliumbromide] was higher than that of negative control groups for 1 and 4 days’ incubation and had no significant difference for 7 and 11 days’ culture. The results of cell cycle also suggested that the membrane has no negative influence on cell division. The nHA/PA66 membranes were then implanted into subcutaneous sites of nine Sprague Dawley rats. The wounds and implant sites were free from suppuration and necrosis in all periods. All nHA/PA66 membranes were surrounded by a fibrous capsule with decreasing thickness 1 to 8 weeks postoperatively. In conclusion, the results of the in vitro and in vivo studies reveal that nHA/PA66 membrane has excellent biocompatibility and indicate its use in guided tissue regeneration (GTR or GBR.Keywords: hydroxyapatite/polyamide, barrier membrane, biocompatibility, guided bone regeneration

  19. oreans’ Perception of the Liaodong Region During the Chosŏn Dynasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jungshin Lee

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Liaodong refers to the southeastern part of Liaoning Province today. During the Three Kingdoms Era, this area was part of Koguryŏ territory, and after the collapse of Koguryŏ, it belonged to Parhae. However, when Parhae fell at the hands of the Jurchens, the Koryŏ dynasty was unable to secure Liaodong. Afterwards, with the rise of the Chinese Yuan dynasty, King Ch’ungsŏn of Koryŏ was appointed by the Yuan emperor as the King of Shenyang, and the movement to reclaim Liaodong began to gain momentum in Korea. Succeeding Koryŏ, the Chosŏn dynasty claimed to support Ming China under the principle of sadae, but this did not mean that relations between Chosŏn and Ming were stabilized. As a result, Chosŏn could not but worry about the fact that if the Ming were to suppress the Jurchens, Chosŏn would be Ming’s next target. To prevent a Ming invasion of Korea, Chosŏn had to make an ally of the Jurchens and launch a preemptive attack to annex Liaodong. With this in mind, Chŏng Tojŏn joined hands with T’aejo Yi Sŏnggye and planned to conquer Liaodong but failed due to Yi Pangwŏn’s coup. During the reign of T’aejong, Ming established Jianzhou Guard in Liaodong to control the Jurchens. While the Jurchens were embroiled in a dispute, King Sejong also established four districts and six garrisons and, he changed the geographical records from the previous dynasties and kingdoms to appear as if they had existed in the land south of the Amnok River in an attempt to protect the regions south of Amnok from the Ming invasion. This was recorded in Sejong sillok chiriji, Tongguk yŏji sŭngnam, and Koryŏsa.

  20. Discrimination indices as screening tests for beta-thalassemic trait.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ntaios, George; Chatzinikolaou, Anastasia; Saouli, Zoi; Girtovitis, Fotios; Tsapanidou, Maria; Kaiafa, Georgia; Kontoninas, Zisis; Nikolaidou, Androula; Savopoulos, Christos; Pidonia, Ifigenia; Alexiou-Daniel, Stiliani

    2007-07-01

    The two most frequent microcytic anemias are beta-thalassemic trait (beta-TT) and iron deficiency anemia (IDA). Several discrimination indices have been proposed to distinguish between these two conditions. These indices are derived from several simple red blood cell indices, like red blood cell (RBC) count, mean cell volume, and RBC distribution width (RDW), as these are provided by electronic cell counters. The purpose of the study is to examine the diagnostic accuracy of six discrimination indices in the differentiation between IDA and beta-TT. The six discrimination indices that were examined were as follows: Mentzer Index (MI), Green & King Index (G&K), RDW Index (RDWI), England & Fraser Index (E&F), RDW, and RBC count. We calculated these indices on 373 patients (205 men, 168 women) with beta-TT and 120 patients (50 men, 70 women) with IDA, as well as their sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative prognostic value, efficiency, and Youden's index (YI). G&K shows the highest reliability, followed by E&F, RBC count, MI, and RDWI. On the contrary, RDW completely failed to differentiate between IDA and beta-TT. G&K proved to be the most reliable index as it had the highest sensitivity (75.06%), efficiency (80.12%), and YI (70.86%) for the detection of beta-TT. These six discrimination indices cannot be relied on for a safe differential diagnosis between beta-TT and IDA. They do have high specificity, but their sensitivity for the detection of beta-TT is not satisfactory. Consequently, they cannot be used neither as a screening tool for beta-TT because they could result in a significant number of false negative results.

  1. Inhibition of microRNA-214-5p promotes cell survival and extracellular matrix formation by targeting collagen type IV alpha 1 in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Q S; Meng, F Y; Zhao, Y H; Jin, C L; Tian, J; Yi, X J

    2017-08-01

    This study aimed to investigate the functional effects of microRNA (miR)-214-5p on osteoblastic cells, which might provide a potential role of miR-214-5p in bone fracture healing. Blood samples were obtained from patients with hand fracture or intra-articular calcaneal fracture and from healthy controls (HCs). Expression of miR-214-5p was monitored by qRT-PCR at day 7, 14 and 21 post-surgery. Mouse osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells were transfected with antisense oligonucleotides (ASO)-miR-214-5p, collagen type IV alpha 1 (COL4A1) vector or their controls; thereafter, cell viability, apoptotic rate, and the expression of collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1A1), type II collagen (COL-II), and type X collagen (COL-X) were determined. Luciferase reporter assay, qRT-PCR, and Western blot were performed to ascertain whether COL4A1 was a target of miR-214-5p. Plasma miR-214-5p was highly expressed in patients with bone fracture compared with HCs after fracture (p extracellular matrix (ECM) formation of osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells by targeting COL4A1. Cite this article: Q. S. Li, F. Y. Meng, Y. H. Zhao, C. L. Jin, J. Tian, X. J. Yi. Inhibition of microRNA-214-5p promotes cell survival and extracellular matrix formation by targeting collagen type IV alpha 1 in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. Bone Joint Res 2017;6:464-471. DOI: 10.1302/2046-3758.68.BJR-2016-0208.R2. © 2017 Yi et al.

  2. I h and HCN channels in murine spiral ganglion neurons: tonotopic variation, local heterogeneity, and kinetic model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Qing; Manis, Paul B; Davis, Robin L

    2014-08-01

    One of the major contributors to the response profile of neurons in the auditory pathways is the I h current. Its properties such as magnitude, activation, and kinetics not only vary among different types of neurons (Banks et al., J Neurophysiol 70:1420-1432, 1993; Fu et al., J Neurophysiol 78:2235-2245, 1997; Bal and Oertel, J Neurophysiol 84:806-817, 2000; Cao and Oertel, J Neurophysiol 94:821-832, 2005; Rodrigues and Oertel, J Neurophysiol 95:76-87, 2006; Yi et al., J Neurophysiol 103:2532-2543, 2010), but they also display notable diversity in a single population of spiral ganglion neurons (Mo and Davis, J Neurophysiol 78:3019-3027, 1997), the first neural element in the auditory periphery. In this study, we found from somatic recordings that part of the heterogeneity can be attributed to variation along the tonotopic axis because I h in the apical neurons have more positive half-activation voltage levels than basal neurons. Even within a single cochlear region, however, I h current properties are not uniform. To account for this heterogeneity, we provide immunocytochemical evidence for variance in the intracellular density of the hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel α-subunit 1 (HCN1), which mediates I h current. We also observed different combinations of HCN1 and HCN4 α-subunits from cell to cell. Lastly, based on the physiological data, we performed kinetic analysis for the I h current and generated a mathematical model to better understand varied I h on spiral ganglion function. Regardless of whether I h currents are recorded at the nerve terminals (Yi et al., J Neurophysiol 103:2532-2543, 2010) or at the somata of spiral ganglion neurons, they have comparable mean half-activation voltage and induce similar resting membrane potential changes, and thus our model may also provide insights into the impact of I h on synaptic physiology.

  3. Traditional Chinese medicine for stable angina pectoris via TCM pattern differentiation and TCM mechanism: study protocol of a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhe; Zhang, Fan; Wang, Yang; Du, Yi; Zhang, Huiyong; Kong, Dezhao; Liu, Yue; Yang, Guanlin

    2014-10-30

    Stable angina pectoris is experienced as trans-sternal or retro-sternal pressure or pain that may radiate to the left arm, neck or back. Although available evidence relating to its effectiveness and mechanism are weak, traditional Chinese medicine is used as an alternative therapy for stable angina pectoris. We report a protocol of a randomized controlled trial using traditional Chinese medicine to investigate the effectiveness, mechanism and safety for patients with stable angina pectoris. This is a north-east Chinese, multi-center, multi-blinded, placebo-controlled and superiority randomized trail. A total of 240 patients with stable angina pectoris will be randomly assigned to three groups: two treatment groups and a control group. The treatment groups will receive Chinese herbal medicine consisting of Yi-Qi-Jian-Pi and Qu-Tan-Hua-Zhuo granule and Yi-Qi-Jian-Pi and Qu-Tan-Hua-Yu granule, respectively, and conventional medicine. The control group will receive placebo medicine in addition to conventional medicine. All 3 groups will undergo a 12-week treatment and 2-week follow-up. Four visits in sum will be scheduled for each subject: 1 visit each in week 0, week 4, week 12 and week 14. The primary outcomes include: the frequency of angina pectoris attack; the dosage of nitroglycerin; body limited dimension of Seattle Angina Questionnaire. The secondary outcomes include: except for the body limited dimension of SAQ, traditional Chinese medicine pattern questionnaire and so on. Therapeutic mechanism outcomes, safety outcomes and endpoint outcomes will be also assessed. The primary aim of this trial is to develop a standard protocol to utilize high-quality EBM evidence for assessing the effectiveness and safety of SAP via TCM pattern differentiation as well as exploring the efficacy mechanism and regulation with the molecular biology and systems biology. ChiCTR-TRC-13003608, registered 18 June 2013.

  4. HIV-, HCV-, and co-infections and associated risk factors among drug users in southwestern China: a township-level ecological study incorporating spatial regression.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Biao Zhou

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV are major public health problems. Many studies have been performed to investigate the association between demographic and behavioral factors and HIV or HCV infection. However, some of the results of these studies have been in conflict. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The data of all entrants in the 11 national methadone clinics in the Yi Autonomous Prefecture from March 2004 to December 2012 were collected from the national database. Several spatial regression models were used to analyze specific community characteristics associated with the prevalence of HIV and HCV infection at the township level. The study enrolled 6,417 adult patients. The prevalence of HIV infection, HCV infection and co-infection was 25.4%, 30.9%, and 11.0%, respectively. Prevalence exhibited stark geographical variations in the area studied. The four regression models showed Yi ethnicity to be associated with both the prevalence of HIV and of HIV/HCV co-infection. The male drug users in some northwestern counties had greater odds of being infected with HIV than female drug users, but the opposite was observed in some eastern counties. The 'being in drug rehabilitation variable was found to be positively associated with prevalence of HCV infection in some southern townships, however, it was found to be negatively associated with it in some northern townships. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The spatial modeling creates better representations of data such that public health interventions must focus on areas with high frequency of HIV/HCV to prevent further transmission of both HIV and HCV.

  5. A recombination hotspot in a schizophrenia-associated region of GABRB2.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siu-Kin Ng

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is a major disorder with complex genetic mechanisms. Earlier, population genetic studies revealed the occurrence of strong positive selection in the GABRB2 gene encoding the beta(2 subunit of GABA(A receptors, within a segment of 3,551 bp harboring twenty-nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs and containing schizophrenia-associated SNPs and haplotypes. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In the present study, the possible occurrence of recombination in this 'S1-S29' segment was assessed. The occurrence of hotspot recombination was indicated by high resolution recombination rate estimation, haplotype diversity, abundance of rare haplotypes, recurrent mutations and torsos in haplotype networks, and experimental haplotyping of somatic and sperm DNA. The sub-segment distribution of relative recombination strength, measured by the ratio of haplotype diversity (H(d over mutation rate (theta, was indicative of a human specific Alu-Yi6 insertion serving as a central recombining sequence facilitating homologous recombination. Local anomalous DNA conformation attributable to the Alu-Yi6 element, as suggested by enhanced DNase I sensitivity and obstruction to DNA sequencing, could be a contributing factor of the increased sequence diversity. Linkage disequilibrium (LD analysis yielded prominent low LD points that supported ongoing recombination. LD contrast revealed significant dissimilarity between control and schizophrenic cohorts. Among the large array of inferred haplotypes, H26 and H73 were identified to be protective, and H19 and H81 risk-conferring, toward the development of schizophrenia. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The co-occurrence of hotspot recombination and positive selection in the S1-S29 segment of GABRB2 has provided a plausible contribution to the molecular genetics mechanisms for schizophrenia. The present findings therefore suggest that genome regions characterized by the co-occurrence of positive selection and

  6. Next-generation sequence detects ARAP3 as a novel oncogene in papillary thyroid carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang QX

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Qing-Xuan Wang, En-Dong Chen, Ye-Feng Cai, Yi-Li Zhou, Zhou-Ci Zheng, Ying-Hao Wang, Yi-Xiang Jin, Wen-Xu Jin, Xiao-Hua Zhang, Ou-Chen Wang Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province, China Purpose: Thyroid cancer is the most frequent malignancies of the endocrine system, and it has became the fastest growing type of cancer worldwide. Much still remains unknown about the molecular mechanisms of thyroid cancer. Studies have found that some certain relationship between ARAP3 and human cancer. However, the role of ARAP3 in thyroid cancer has not been well explained. This study aimed to investigate the role of ARAP3 gene in papillary thyroid carcinoma. Methods: Whole exon sequence and whole genome sequence of primary papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC samples and matched adjacent normal thyroid tissue samples were performed and then bioinformatics analysis was carried out. PTC cell lines (TPC1, BCPAP, and KTC-1 with transfection of small interfering RNA were used to investigate the functions of ARAP3 gene, including cell proliferation assay, colony formation assay, migration assay, and invasion assay. Results: Using next-generation sequence and bioinformatics analysis, we found ARAP3 genes may play an important role in thyroid cancer. Downregulation of ARAP3 significantly suppressed PTC cell lines (TPC1, BCPAP, and KTC-1, cell proliferation, colony formation, migration, and invasion. Conclusion: This study indicated that ARAP3 genes have important biological implications and may act as a potentially drugable target in PTC. Keywords: papillary thyroid carcinoma, next-generation sequence, ARAP3, oncogene

  7. The Use of Herbal Medicine in Alzheimer's Disease—A Systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leopoldo Luiz dos Santos-Neto

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The treatments of choice in Alzheimer's disease (AD are cholinesterase inhibitors and NMDA-receptor antagonists, although doubts remain about the therapeutic effectiveness of these drugs. Herbal medicine products have been used in the treatment of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD but with various responses. The objective of this article was to review evidences from controlled studies in order to determine whether herbs can be useful in the treatment of cognitive disorders in the elderly. Randomized controlled studies assessing AD in individuals older than 65 years were identified through searches of MEDLINE, LILACS, Cochrane Library, dissertation Abstract (USA, ADEAR (Alzheimer's Disease Clinical Trials Database, National Research Register, Current Controlled trials, Centerwatch Trials Database and PsychINFO Journal Articles. The search combined the terms Alzheimer disease, dementia, cognition disorders, Herbal, Phytotherapy. The crossover results were evaluated by the Jadad's measurement scale. The systematic review identified two herbs and herbal formulations with therapeutic effects for the treatment of AD: Melissa officinalis, Salvia officinalis and Yi-Gan San and BDW (Ba Wei Di Huang Wan. Ginkgo biloba was identified in a meta-analysis study. All five herbs are useful for cognitive impairment of AD. M. officinalis and Yi-Gan San are also useful in agitation, for they have sedative effects. These herbs and formulations have demonstrated good therapeutic effectiveness but these results need to be compared with those of traditional drugs. Further large multicenter studies should be conducted in order to test the cost-effectiveness of these herbs for AD and the impact in the control of cognitive deterioration.

  8. Translations of Poems by Yang Lian

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    Mabel Lee

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Biographical note on Yang Lian Yang Lian grew up in Beijing and began to establish his credentials as a poet from 1979. His early collections in China include Ritualisation of the Soul (1985, Desolate Soul (1986, Yellow (1989 and his long poem Yi that was first published under the title Sun and Man (1991. His poetry began to appear in English translations by John Minford, Sean Golden and Alisa Joyce in the Hong Kong translation magazine Renditions (1983 and 1985. He travelled to Australia in 1988, and then to New Zealand in 1989. After the June 4 events in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, he sought and obtained New Zealand citizenship. In 1991 he relocated to London where he now lives. His poems, essays and criticism have been collected in Yang Lian’s Works, 1982–1997 (1998 in two volumes and amounting to over 1000 pages, and in Yang Lian’s New Works, 1998-2002 (2003. Yang Lian’s major collections in English include: Masks and Crocodile (1990, The Dead in Exile (1990 and Yi (2002, translated by Mabel Lee; Non-Person Singular (1996, Where the Sea Stands Still (1999, Notes of a Blissful Ghost (2002, Concentric Circles (2005, translated by Brian Holton; and Unreal City: A Chinese Poet in Auckland (2006, translated by Jacob Edmond and Hilary Chung. Selections of his poems have been translated in over thirty languages, and have enabled him to travel regularly to literary festivals all over the world. In 1999 he won the Flaiano International Prize for Poetry.

  9. A novel missense KIT mutation causing piebaldism in one Chinese family associated with café-au-lait macules and intertriginous freckling

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    Jia WX

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Wei-Xue Jia,1,2 Xue-Min Xiao,1,2 Jian-Bing Wu,1,2 Yi-Ping Ma,1,2 Yi-Ping Ge,1,2 Qi Li,1,2 Qiu-Xia Mao,1,2 Cheng-Rang Li1,2 1Institute of Dermatology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China; 2Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Molecular Biology for Skin Diseases and STIs, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China Abstract: Piebaldism is a rare autosomal dominant genodermatosis, manifesting as congenital and stable depigmentation of the skin and white forelock. It has been found to be associated with mutations in the KIT or SLUG genes. We report a Chinese piebaldism family including a 28-year-old woman and her 3-year-old son with characteristics of white patches and forelock associated with numerous brown macules and patches. Genomic DNA samples of the proband and her son were extracted from their peripheral blood. One hundred unrelated healthy individuals were used as controls. All coding regions of KIT, SLUG, and NF1 genes were amplified by polymerase chain reaction using exon flanking intronic primers and Sanger sequencings were performed. DNA sequencing revealed heterozygous missense c.2431T>G mutation in exon 17 of the KIT gene in the proband and the affected son. No potentially pathogenic variant was identified in SLUG or NF1 genes. The nucleotide substitution was not found in 100 unrelated control individuals. This study reveals a novel KIT mutation in piebaldism, and it further supports that café-au-lait macules and intertriginous freckling of piebaldism are parts of pigmented anomaly in piebaldism, which does not necessarily represent coexistence of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1. Keywords: novel mutation, KIT gene, neurofibromatosis type 1 

  10. Cryohemolysis, erythrocyte osmotic fragility, and supplementary hematimetric indices in the diagnosis of hereditary spherocytosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emilse, Ledesma Achem Miryam; Cecilia, Haro; María, Terán Magdalena; Eugenia, Mónaco María; Alicia, Issé Blanca; Lazarte, Sandra Stella

    2018-03-01

    Hereditary spherocytosis (HS) is a chronic hemolytic anemia characterized by microspherocytes in the peripheral blood and increased erythrocyte osmotic fragility (EOF). This study evaluated the cryohemolysis test (CHT); initial hemolysis (IH); immediate and incubated hemolysis percentage in 5.5 g/L NaCl (H5.5); mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC); red blood cell distribution width (RDW); and Hb/MCHC, Hb/RDW, and MCHC/RDW ratios for the diagnosis of HS. Data from 13 patients with HS were evaluated at the Instituto de Bioquímica Aplicada and compared with data from 14 unaffected individuals and 11 patients with anemia due to another etiology. Total blood and reticulocyte counts, CHT, and immediate and incubated EOF were performed in all subjects; sensitivity, specificity, efficiency, and Youden index (YI) were calculated. Eight patients with HS had MCHC ≥345 g/L, 10 had RDW ≥14.5%, 12 had IH >5.0 g/L, 11 had immediate H5.5 ≥5%, and 13 had incubated H5.5 ≥50% (the cut-off value to consider HS). The efficiency and YI were: immediate H5.5 (0.94-0.85), incubated H5.5 (0.89-0.82), IH (0.89-0.78), MCHC (0.87-0.62), CHT (0.84-0.54), and Hb/MCHC (0.71-0.56), respectively. The calculated ratios could distinguish subjects with HS from unaffected individuals ( P 0.05). Although the CHT and supplementary hematimetric indexes were useful to differentiate individuals with SH from healthy controls, they cannot distinguish from anemias of other etiology. CHT and MCHC, in addition to EOF, are recommended for diagnosing HS patients because of their low cost and efficiency.

  11. Is adult gait less susceptible than paediatric gait to hip joint centre regression equation error?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiernan, D; Hosking, J; O'Brien, T

    2016-03-01

    Hip joint centre (HJC) regression equation error during paediatric gait has recently been shown to have clinical significance. In relation to adult gait, it has been inferred that comparable errors with children in absolute HJC position may in fact result in less significant kinematic and kinetic error. This study investigated the clinical agreement of three commonly used regression equation sets (Bell et al., Davis et al. and Orthotrak) for adult subjects against the equations of Harrington et al. The relationship between HJC position error and subject size was also investigated for the Davis et al. set. Full 3-dimensional gait analysis was performed on 12 healthy adult subjects with data for each set compared to Harrington et al. The Gait Profile Score, Gait Variable Score and GDI-kinetic were used to assess clinical significance while differences in HJC position between the Davis and Harrington sets were compared to leg length and subject height using regression analysis. A number of statistically significant differences were present in absolute HJC position. However, all sets fell below the clinically significant thresholds (GPS <1.6°, GDI-Kinetic <3.6 points). Linear regression revealed a statistically significant relationship for both increasing leg length and increasing subject height with decreasing error in anterior/posterior and superior/inferior directions. Results confirm a negligible clinical error for adult subjects suggesting that any of the examined sets could be used interchangeably. Decreasing error with both increasing leg length and increasing subject height suggests that the Davis set should be used cautiously on smaller subjects. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Embajadas paralelas : breve período de paz entre las continuasluchas que mantuvieron España y Franciaen el siglo XVII

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    Isabel Yetano

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Las relaciones diplomáticas entre España y Francia a lo largo del siglo XVII fueron esporádicas ya que se interrumpieron en varias ocasiones debido a las guerras entre ambos países. Tras la Paz de los Pirineos se inicia una etapa de buena correspondencia y el arzobispo de Embrún es enviado a Madrid para representar al Rey Cristianísismo ante S.M. Católica. Al mismo tiempo el marqués de La Fuente es enviado a París para representar a S.M. Católica ante el Rey Cristianísimo. Tanto el recibimiento como la despedida de los dos embajadores y, por supuesto su estancia, son muestra de las dificultades de una etapa (1660-1667 que está presidida por el incumplimiento que hace Luis XIV de la Paz de los Pirineos.During the seventeenth century, diplomatic relations between Spain and France were sporadic due to several disruptions because of wars between both countries. Shortly after the Pyrenees Peace Treaty, a period of active correspondence was initiated and the archbishop of Embrun was sent to Madrid to represent Louis XIV at the Spanish court. At the same time the marquis de la Fuente was sent to Paris to represent Felipe IV at the French court. Both the reception and the stay of the two ambassadors were signs of the difficulties of a time (1660-1667 dominated by Louis XIV s non-fulfillment of the Pyrenees Peace Treaty.

  13. Hummingbird Ecstasy footprint and cultural guide for vine and wine. The case of "Marqués of Villa de Leyva"

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    Fabio Aldemar Gómez Sierra

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article reflecting on viticulture in Boyacá, is analyzed from the project and its product Ain Karim wine Marqués de Villa de Leyva, located in the Valley of Zaquencipá, a structured system of meanings that this type of agriculture does unite in place where it is installed. Historically, viticultural practices have managed to involve substantial elements of cultural dynamics: belief systems, identity, health and disease, and ways to socialize economy ingesting fermented beverages. The wine "Marquis of Villa de Leyva" emerges in a context of climate, soil and subsoil, with potential for development characteristics, which however must be certified with specialized studies of tropical modern winemaking. In this Zaquencipá Valley, as it was called ancestrally, the religious geosmbólica was irradiated by Iguaquemountains, sacred space Muiscas. The conquest and colonization transformed it by the Christian geosimbólica, economic (production of wheat and military. Currently the town of Villa de Leyva and his environment is attractive to tourists, middle-class residents and significant capital, in this context arises the Vineyard founded in the early eighties by Mr. Pablo Toro, originally imported strains Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. This replicates the culture of the vine and wine, which is also supported by a constant of aesthetics, hygiene and ethno-specific technical. its process leaves substantial perceive elements of cultural globalization, internationalization and localities need to analyze the ethno-regional production techniques.

  14. Prestigio y fortuna crítica de Van Dyck en los tratadistas españoles

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    Díaz Padrón, Matías

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Unlike Rubens, van Dyck has been a marginal figure in Spanish art criticism even to the point of not holding commemorative exhibitions to celebrate his 400th anniversary in 1999. Nevertheless, during the 17th century in Spain his paintings were as admired by art writers as by art patrons, and his influence was actually greater than that of Rubens. This article proposes to demonstrate realities and omissions. The echo of Van Dyck’s art was just as widespread and important in Spain as in Flanders, Italy or England. A single collector, the marquis of Carpio, owned more paintings by the artist than Charles I of England. For Lázaro Díaz del Valle he was the “true phoenix of our century,” and Velázquez used van Dyck’s engravings as models for his elegant portrait of the Count-Duke of Olivares.

    Al contrario que Rubens, Van Dyck ha estado al margen en la crítica española hasta el grado de faltar su espacio en las exposiciones conmemorativas al centenario del pintor en 1999. No obstante, su obra fue en España tan admirada por los preceptistas como por los mecenas del siglo XVII, y su influencia fue mayor que la de Rubens. El objeto de este artículo está en probar la realidad y los olvidos. El eco de su arte tuvo igual alcance que en Flandes, Italia o Inglaterra. Un solo coleccionista, el marqués del Carpio, poseyó más pinturas que Carlos I de Inglaterra. Para Lázaro Díaz del Valle “fue el verdadero phénix de nuestro siglo”, y Velázquez se sirvió de sus grabados para el gallardo retrato del conde Duque de Olivares.

  15. Multicenter, prospective, randomized safety and efficacy study of a new atrial-based managed ventricular pacing mode (MVP) in dual chamber ICDs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweeney, Michael O; Ellenbogen, Kenneth A; Casavant, David; Betzold, Robert; Sheldon, Todd; Tang, Feng; Mueller, Megan; Lingle, John

    2005-08-01

    Ventricular desynchronization caused by right ventricular pacing may impair ventricular function and increase risk of heart failure (CHF), atrial fibrillation (AF), and death. Conventional DDD/R mode often results in high cumulative percentage ventricular pacing (Cum%VP). We hypothesized that a new managed ventricular pacing mode (MVP) would safely provide AAI/R pacing with ventricular monitoring and DDD/R during AV block (AVB) and reduce Cum%VP compared to DDD/R. MVP RAMware was downloaded in 181 patients with Marquis DR ICDs. Patients were initially randomized to either MVP or DDD/R for 1 month, then crossed over to the opposite mode for 1 month. ICD diagnostics were analyzed for cumulative percentage atrial pacing (Cum%AP), Cum%VP, and duration of DDD/R pacing for spontaneous AVB. Baseline characteristics included age 66 +/- 12 years, EF 36 +/- 14%, and NYHA Class II-III 36%. Baseline PR interval was 190 +/- 53 msec and programmed AV intervals (DDD/R) were 216 +/- 50 (paced)/189 +/- 53 (sensed) msec. Mean Cum%VP was significantly lower in MVP versus DDD/R (4.1 +/- 16.3 vs 73.8 +/- 32.5, P MVP were 85.0 and 99.9, respectively. Mean Cum%AP was not different between MVP versus DDD/R (48.7 +/- 38.5 vs 47.3 +/- 38.4, P = 0.83). During MVP overall time spent in AAI/R was 89.6% (intrinsic conduction), DDD/R 6.7% (intermittent AVB), and DDI/R 3.7% (AF). No adverse events were attributed to MVP. MVP safely achieves functional atrial pacing by limiting ventricular pacing to periods of intermittent AVB and AF in ICD patients, significantly reducing Cum%VP compared to DDD/R. MVP is a universal pacing mode that adapts to AVB and AF, providing both atrial pacing and ventricular pacing support when needed.

  16. [The tobacco in the light of history and medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Micheli, Alfredo

    2015-01-01

    Super trajectory is reported of tobacco from his first meeting with the European man October 15, 1492. This plant was known in Europe by the publications of the Sevillan physician Nicolas Monardes (1574), the relations of friar Andrés Thevet (1575) and the famous botanical treatise of Charles de l'Écluse (1605). The Swedish botanist Karl Linnaeus inclused tobacco plant in the family Solanaceae and deleted from this group other plants that were intermixed with it. Its botanical name (Nicotiana tabacum) derived from the surname of the French ambassador to Portugal, Jean Nicot of Villemain, who in 1560 sent it to the Queen Mother of France Cathérine de Medicis. The use of snuff quickly spread throughout Europe, were it became common in the seventeenth century. By the late eighteenth century in New Spain, in addition to cigars, cigarettes and due in packs of different content the tobacco is concocted and price. The preparation of the different presentations of snuff, tobacco made in factories in the capital and several provincial cities, originated in 1796 the creation of the first kindergartens for the children of those working in them. This thanks to the successful initiative of then viceroy Marquis of Branciforte. But contrary to the forecasts of Father F. J. Clavijero and Mrs. F. Calderón de la Barca, wife of the first Spanish diplomatic representative to the government of Mexico, the use of tobacco, with the passage of time, far from waning has been increasing in every social class. And now, more than men, women are smokers. Copyright © 2014 Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  17. La expulsión de los jesuitas de Portugal en la “era pombalina”

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    Vivanco Díaz, Borja

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The Jesuits were expelled from Portugal in 1759 as a consequence of Regalian policy of enlightened despotism, which had been wholeheartedly accepted by Marquis of Pombal, prime-minister under the King Joseph I. Accusations of inciting the Guarani people to rise up against “The Treaty of the borders”, on the one hand, and of conspiring in the assassination attempt against King Joseph I, on the other, supported the decision to force the Jesuits into exile. However, neither allegation has been ever proven, rather they were the result of Pombal’s campaign against Saint Ignatius of Loyola’s order. The ultimate outcome of the expulsion of the Jesuits was the diminished influence of Catholic Church, thus encourating the introduction of new Enlightenment ideas in Portugal.Los jesuitas fueron expulsados de Portugal en 1759 como consecuencia de la política “regalista” del “despotismo ilustrado” y a la que se había adherido sin reservas el Marqués de Pombal, primer ministro del rey José I. Las acusaciones de instigar a los guaraníes a rebelarse contra el Tratado de los Límites, por un lado, y de conspirar en la organización del atentado frustrado contra la vida de José I, por otro, sirvieron de argumentos para provocar el exilio de la Compañía de Jesús. Sin embargo, ninguna de las dos acusaciones ha podido ser nunca probada y respondieron más bien a la campaña “pombalina” contra la orden de Ignacio de Loyola. Como resultado final, la expulsión de los jesuitas aminoró la influencia de la Iglesia Católica y favoreció la introducción en Portugal de las nuevas ideas de la Ilustración.

  18. Algunas gestiones de mediación del Marqués de Villalobar durante la I Guerra Mundial

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    Álvaro Lozano Cutanda

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo deseo recordar a una figura de primer orden de la diplomacia española: Don Rodrigo Saavedra y Vinent, Marqués de Villalobar. Se trató de un personaje clave dentro la política exterior del Rey Alfonso XIII. Su amistad y vínculos con la Corona, hicieron de él un defensor de la misma en sus puestos diplomáticos y encarnó como nadie la política exterior que quiso llevar a cabo el Rey Alfonso XIII. El gran mérito del Embajador Villalobar fue el de superar una grave incapacidad física y con una gran fuerza de voluntad haber llegado a representar a España. Esa sobrehumana superación personal, unida a su fuerte sentimiento monárquico, aristocrático y humanitario, fueron las constantes en su vida y su profesión.In this article I would like to shed light on an outstanding Spanihs diplomat: Don Rodrigo Saavedra y Vinent, Marquis of Villalobar. He was a key figure in the foreign policy of King Alfonso XIII. His friendship and links with the Spanish royalty made him a strong supporter of the Crown in his diplomatic posts and he embodied like no one else the foreign policy of his King. The greatest merit of Ambassador Villalobar, was to overeóme a big physical handicap, and through sheer will power, to become an ambassador. Without doubts, overcoming that handicap profoundly marked his personality during his entire Ufe. That immense will power and his strong monarchic, aristocratic and humanitarian feelings, were the most outstanding features of his Ufe and work.

  19. Radiation protection day - Book of abstracts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-06-01

    This document brings together the abstracts of all presentations given at the Radiation protection day organised in May 2000 by the French association for radiation protection techniques and sciences (ATSR) on the topic of the new European and French radiation protection regulations and their conditions of application in hospitals. Content: 1 - Presentation of the Office of Protection against Ionizing Radiations (O.P.R.I.), status of texts and evolution, practical implementation of operational dosimetry (Alain Valero, O.P.R.I.); 2 - Presentation of the Radiation Protection Service of the Army (S.P.R.A.) and its role in French army's hospitals (Jean-Baptiste Fleutot, S.P.R.A.); 3 - 96/29 European directive and water quality - transposition in French law (Daniel Robeau, I.P.S.N. Fontenay-Aux-Roses); 4 - Presentation of an automatized active dosimetry system (Michel Deron, G.E.M. System); 5 - Euratom 97/43 Directive from June 30, 1997 - assessment of the existing framework for patients protection in medical environment (Pierre Muglioni, APAVE Nord Ouest); 6 - Specificities of the ionising radiations risk in medical environment - presentation of a ionising radiations risk assessment grid (Marie-Christine Soula, Labour regional direction Ile de France); 7 - Low dose effects (B. Le Guen, E.D.F. G.D.F.); 8 - Operational dosimetry in the medical domain - the Saphydose dosemeter (Frederico Felix - Saphymo); 9 - Positrons and radiation protection (Luc Cinotti - C.E.R.M.E.P.); 10 - Workplace studies in medical environment - areas and personnel classification (Jean-Claude Houy, Sandrine Laugle, Eugene Marquis Cancer Centre Rennes); 11 - Experience feedback after 4 years of active dosimetry in a nuclear medicine service (Albert Lisbona, Centre Rene Gauducheau Nantes/Saint-Herblain); 12 - Operational dosimetry as it is performed today in CNRS laboratories (Helene Dossier - C.N.R.S. Orsay); 13 - Radiation protection in submarine naval forces (Pierre Laroche, Army's health service

  20. Implementation of patient safety and patient-centeredness strategies in Iranian hospitals.

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    Asgar Aghaei Hashjin

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent of implementation for patient safety (PS and patient-centeredness (PC strategies and their association with hospital characteristics (type, ownership, teaching status, annual evaluation grade in Iran. METHODS: A cross-sectional study through an adapted version of the MARQuIS questionnaire, eliciting information from hospital and nursing managers in 84 Iranian hospitals on the implementation of PS and PC strategies in 2009-2010. RESULTS: The majority of hospitals reported to have implemented 84% of the PS and 72% of the PC strategies. In general, implementation of PS strategies was unrelated to the type of hospital, with the exception of health promotion reports, which were more common in the Social Security Organization (SSO, and MRSA testing, which was reported more often in nonprofit hospitals. MRSA testing was also more common among teaching hospitals compared to non-teaching hospitals. The higher grade hospitals reported PS strategies significantly more frequently than lower grade hospitals. Overall, there was no significant difference in the reported implementation of PC strategies across general and specialized hospitals; except for the provision of information in different languages and recording of patient's diet which were reported significantly more often by general than specialized hospitals. Moreover, patient hotel services were more common in private compared to public hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: Despite substantial reporting of PS and PC strategies, there is still room for strengthening standard setting on safety, patient services and patient-centered information strategies in Iranian hospitals. To assure effective implementation of PS and PC strategies, enforcing standards, creating a PS and PC culture, increasing organizational responsiveness, and partnering with patients and their families need more attention.