Induction motor control design
Marino, Riccardo; Verrelli, Cristiano M
2010-01-01
""Nonlinear and Adaptive Control Design for Induction Motors"" is a unified exposition of the most important steps and concerns in the design of estimation and control algorithms for induction motors. A single notation and modern nonlinear control terminology is used to make the book accessible to readers who are not experts in electric motors at the same time as giving a more theoretical control viewpoint to those who are. In order to increase readability, the book concentrates on the induction motor, eschewing the much more complex and less-well-understood control of asynchronous motors. The
Modeling Induction Motor Imbalances
Armah, Kabenla; Jouffroy, Jerome; Duggen, Lars
2016-01-01
This paper gives a study into the development of a generalized model for a three-phase induction motor that offers flexibility of simulating balanced and unbalanced parameter scenarios. By analyzing the interaction of forces within the motor, we achieve our main objective of deriving the system...
Hansen, Irving G.
Electromechanical actuators developed to date have commonly ultilized permanent magnet (PM) synchronous motors. More recently switched reluctance (SR) motors have been advocated due to their robust characteristics. Implications of work which utilized induction motors and advanced control techniques are discussed. When induction motors are operated from an energy source capable of controlling voltages and frequencies independently, drive characteristics are obtained which are superior to either PM or SR motors. By synthesizing the machine frequency from a high-frequency carrier (nominally 20 kHz), high efficiencies, low distortion, and rapid torque response are available. At this time multiple horsepower machine drives were demonstrated, and work is on-going to develop a 20 hp average, 40 hp peak class of aerospace actuators. This effort is based upon high-frequency power distribution and management techniques developed by NASA for Space Station Freedom.
Hansen, Irving G.
1990-01-01
Electromechanical actuators developed to date have commonly ultilized permanent magnet (PM) synchronous motors. More recently switched reluctance (SR) motors have been advocated due to their robust characteristics. Implications of work which utilized induction motors and advanced control techniques are discussed. When induction motors are operated from an energy source capable of controlling voltages and frequencies independently, drive characteristics are obtained which are superior to either PM or SR motors. By synthesizing the machine frequency from a high-frequency carrier (nominally 20 kHz), high efficiencies, low distortion, and rapid torque response are available. At this time multiple horsepower machine drives were demonstrated, and work is on-going to develop a 20 hp average, 40 hp peak class of aerospace actuators. This effort is based upon high-frequency power distribution and management techniques developed by NASA for Space Station Freedom.
Induction motor starting current
Arneaud, J.M.; Langman, R.A. [Tasmania Univ., Hobart, TAS (Australia)
1995-12-31
Large errors may occur if leakage path saturation is neglected when reduced-voltage test results are used to predict the direct-on-line starting current of induction motors. The results of applying three existing and two new methods for starting current prediction are compared with test data from 52 motors. A quantitative assessment is made of the probable reduction in error that would be achieved by increasing the number of available sets of reduced-voltage, locked rotor test results or by including slot design data. Guidelines are given for selecting an appropriate predictive method. (author). 4 tabs., 1 fig., 6 refs.
Overview of Bearingless Induction Motors
Xiaodong Sun
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Bearingless induction motors combining functions of both torque generation and noncontact magnetic suspension together have attracted more and more attention in the past decades due to their definite advantages of compactness, simple structure, less maintenance, no wear particles, high rotational speed, and so forth. This paper overviews the key technologies of the bearingless induction motors, with emphasis on motor topologies, mathematical models, and control strategies. Particularly, in the control issues, the vector control, independent control, direct torque control, nonlinear decoupling control, sensorless control, and so forth are investigated. In addition, several possible development trends of the bearingless induction motors are also discussed.
Estimation of physical parameters in induction motors
Børsting, H.; Knudsen, Morten; Rasmussen, Henrik
1994-01-01
Parameter estimation in induction motors is a field of great interest, because accurate models are needed for robust dynamic control of induction motors......Parameter estimation in induction motors is a field of great interest, because accurate models are needed for robust dynamic control of induction motors...
Flux Tracking Control of Induction Motors
LanLin; XiaowuMu; ChunxiaBu
2004-01-01
This paper deals with flux tracking control of induction motors. Firstly,we analyze convergency of non-homogeneous linear time-varying systems and a sufficient condition is given. Finally, the flux regulator of induction motors is discussed.
Online Monitoring of Induction Motors
McJunkin, Timothy R. [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Agarwal, Vivek [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States); Lybeck, Nancy Jean [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
2016-01-01
The online monitoring of active components project, under the Advanced Instrumentation, Information, and Control Technologies Pathway of the Light Water Reactor Sustainability Program, researched diagnostic and prognostic models for alternating current induction motors (IM). Idaho National Laboratory (INL) worked with the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) to augment and revise the fault signatures previously implemented in the Asset Fault Signature Database of EPRI’s Fleet Wide Prognostic and Health Management (FW PHM) Suite software. Induction Motor diagnostic models were researched using the experimental data collected by Idaho State University. Prognostic models were explored in the set of literature and through a limited experiment with 40HP to seek the Remaining Useful Life Database of the FW PHM Suite.
Applied intelligent control of induction motor drives
Chan, Tze Fun
2011-01-01
Induction motors are the most important workhorses in industry. They are mostly used as constant-speed drives when fed from a voltage source of fixed frequency. Advent of advanced power electronic converters and powerful digital signal processors, however, has made possible the development of high performance, adjustable speed AC motor drives.This book aims to explore new areas of induction motor control based on artificial intelligence (AI) techniques in order to make the controller less sensitive to parameter changes. Selected AI techniques are applied for different induction motor control s.
Application and Perspectives of Multiphase Induction Motors
Benas Kundrotas
2012-04-01
Full Text Available The article considers the areas of applying multiphase induction motors. Their advantages against three phase motors have become the main reason for employing them in multiphase drives. The paper deals with the six-phase induction motor having two similar three phase windings in the stator shifted by 30 degrees in space and three phase windings in the rotor. Differential equations for this motor are presented and transformed to dq synchronous reference frame. The transformed equations are expressed in a matrix form and solved by MATLAB software using the Dormand-Prince (ode45 method. The transient characteristics of the torque, speed and current of the six-phase induction motor are calculated and discussed.Article in Lithuanian
A Metric Observer for Induction Motors Control
Mohamed Benbouzid
2016-01-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with metric observer application for induction motors. Firstly, assuming that stator currents and speed are measured, a metric observer is designed to estimate the rotor fluxes. Secondly, assuming that only stator currents are measured, another metric observer is derived to estimate rotor fluxes and speed. The proposed observer validity is checked throughout simulations on a 4 kW induction motor drive.
Four quadrant control of induction motors
Hansen, Irving G.
1991-03-01
Induction motors are the nation's workhorse, being the motor of choice in most applications due to their simple rugged construction. It has been estimated that 14 to 27 percent of the country's total electricity use could be saved with adjustable speed drives. Until now, induction motors have not been suited well for variable speed or servo-drives, due to the inherent complexity, size, and inefficiency of their variable speed controls. Work at NASA Lewis Research Center on field oriented control of induction motors using pulse population modulation method holds the promise for the desired drive electronics. The system allows for a variable voltage to frequency ratio which enables the user to operate the motor at maximum efficiency, while having independent control of both the speed and torque of an induction motor in all four quadrants of the speed torque map. Multiple horsepower machine drives were demonstrated, and work is on-going to develop a 20 hp average, 40 hp peak class of machine. The pulse population technique, results to date, and projections for implementation of this existing new motor control technology are discussed.
Segmented motor drive - with multi-phase induction motor
Bendixen, Flemming Buus
This PhD project commences in modulation of motor drives, i.e. having the advantage of reducing the number of variants and improves the system reliability at error situations. Four different motor drive topologies with modular construction as common denominator are compared on a general level....... The multi-phase motor is selected for further analysis. The project is limited to examine if increasing the number of phases can improve the characteristics for induction motor drives. In the literature it is demonstrated that torque production in a six-phase motor can be increased, if a 3rd harmonic...... current with 1/6 amplitude is added to the 1st harmonic current. This claim is verified and the optimization of the motor design is extended to, beyond the stator tooth width, also to include the inner diameter of the stator. This means that the lamination sheet is optimized according to two geometrical...
Backstepping Sliding Mode Control for Induction Motor
Othmane Boughazi
2014-12-01
Full Text Available This work treats the modeling and simulation of non-linear system behavior of an induction motor using backstepping sliding mode control. First, the direct field oriented control IM is derived. Then, a sliding for direct field oriented control is proposed to compensate the uncertainties, which occur in the control.Finally, the study of Backstepping sliding controls strategy of the induction motor drive. Our non linear system is simulated in MATLAB SIMULINK environment, the results obtained illustrate the efficiency of the proposed control with no overshoot, and the rising time is improved with good disturbances rejections comparing with the classical control law.
Backstepping Strategy for Induction Motor Control
Rasmussen, Henrik; Vadstrup, P.; Børsting, H.
2000-01-01
Using backstepping, which is a recursive nonlinear design method, a novel approach to control of induction motors is developed. The resulting scheme leads to a nonlinear controller for the torque and the amplitude of the field. A combination of nonlinear damping and observer backstepping with a s......Using backstepping, which is a recursive nonlinear design method, a novel approach to control of induction motors is developed. The resulting scheme leads to a nonlinear controller for the torque and the amplitude of the field. A combination of nonlinear damping and observer backstepping...
Symmetric Structure of Induction Motor Systems
无
1999-01-01
In this paper, symmetric structure of induction motor system in stationary αβ0 coordinates is studied bythe geometric approach. The results show that the system possesses symmetry (G, θ, Ф) and infinitesimal symme-try. Under certain conditions, the system can be transformed into a form possessing state-space symmetry (G, Ф)and infinitesimal state-space symmetry by means of state feedback and input coordinate base transform. The resultscan be extended to the fifth order induction motor system fed by hysteresis-band current-controlled PWM inverter.
Starting Time Calculation for Induction Motor.
Abhishek Garg
2015-05-01
Full Text Available This Paper Presents The Starting Time Calculation For A Squirrel Cage Induction Motor. The Importance Of Starting Time Lies In Determining The Duration Of Large Current, Which Flows During The Starting Of An Induction Motor. Normally, The Starting Current Of An Induction Motor Is Six To Eight Time Of Full Load Current. Plenty Of Methods Have Been Discovered To Start Motor In A Quick Time, But Due To Un-Economic Nature, Use Are Limited. Hence, For Large Motors Direct Online Starting Is Most Popular Amongst All Due To Its Economic And Feasible Nature. But Large Current With Dol Starting Results In A Heavy Potential Drop In The Power System. Thus, Special Care And Attention Is Required In Order To Design A Healthy System. A Very Simple Method To Calculate The Starting Time Of Motor Is Proposed In This Paper. Respective Simulation Study Has Been Carried Out Using Matlab 7.8.0 Environment, Which Demonstrates The Effectiveness Of The Starting Time Calculation.
Two-phase induction motor drives
Blaabjerg, Frede; Lungeanu, Florin; Skaug, Kenneth
2004-01-01
There is a continuous debate today concerning the ?motor of the future? for low-power applications requiring less than 1-2 kW. The specialists are focusing on superior motors [1] like brushless-dc, permanent-magnet synchronous, or electronically commutated types, because they show improvements...... in efficiency, reliability, torque-per-volume/mass ratio, maintenance, and service life. Despite this effort, the industry seems to be responding with manifest rigidity in changing standard induction motor solutions when considering the installed volume into the field, the investment in manufacturing base...
Energy Optimal Control of Induction Motor Drives
Abrahamsen, Flemming
This thesis deals with energy optimal control of small and medium-size variable speed induction motor drives for especially Heating, Ventilation and Air-Condition (HVAC) applications. Optimized efficiency is achieved by adapting the magnetization level in the motor to the load, and the basic...... purpose is demonstrate how this can be done for low-cost PWM-VSI drives without bringing the robustness of the drive below an acceptable level. Four drives are investigated with respect to energy optimal control: 2.2 kW standard and high-efficiency motor drives, 22 kW and 90 kW standard motor drives....... The method has been to make extensive efficiency measurements within the specified operating area with optimized efficiency and with constant air-gap flux, and to establish reliable converter and motor loss models based on those measurements. The loss models have been used to analyze energy optimal control...
Segmented motor drive - with multi-phase induction motor
Bendixen, Flemming Buus
of the induction motor is set up. The model is able to calculate dynamical electric, magnetic and mechanic state variables, but initially it is used to calculate static characteristics in motors with different number of phases and different voltage supply shapes. This analysis show i.e. that the efficiency...... dimensions. The possible torque increase proves to be strongly dependent on the physical dimensions in the initial three-phase motor. The torque increase according to the optimization is listed for a range of Grundfos motors, but in most cases the increase is only a few percent. In a single example...... with 3rd harmonic or square. Another tendency is that the torque ripple is decreased as the number of phases is increased, regardless of the supply type used. Torque ripple can be a source of acoustic noise generation, in this context a multi-phase motor can therefore be an advantage. According...
Single phase induction motor with starting performance
Popescu, M.; Demeter, E. [Research Institute for Electrical Machines, ICPE-ME, Bucharest (Romania); Navrapescu, V. [University `Politehnica` Bucharest, Electrical Engineering Faculty Splaiul Independentei, Bucharest (Romania)
1997-12-31
The paper presents problems related to a special type of single phase induction motor. The main novelty consists in the use of a conducting (aluminium casted) shell distributed on the periferic region of the rotor. As a result the starting performance, as well as the rated ones, is much improved in comparison with the conventional construction. (orig.) 4 refs.
Backstepping Strategy for Induction Motor Control
Rasmussen, Henrik; Vadstrup, P.; Børsting, H.
2000-01-01
Using backstepping, which is a recursive nonlinear design method, a novel approach to control of induction motors is developed. The resulting scheme leads to a nonlinear controller for the torque and the amplitude of the field. A combination of nonlinear damping and observer backstepping with a s...
Linear Parameter Varying Control of Induction Motors
Trangbæk, Klaus
for high performance applications. This thesis demonstrates how LPV control theory provides a systematic way to achieve good performance for these problems. The main contributions of this thesis are the application of the LPV control theory to induction motor control as well as various contributions...... to the field of LPV control theory itself...
Two-phase induction motor drives
Blaabjerg, Frede; Lungeanu, Florin; Skaug, Kenneth
2004-01-01
in efficiency, reliability, torque-per-volume/mass ratio, maintenance, and service life. Despite this effort, the industry seems to be responding with manifest rigidity in changing standard induction motor solutions when considering the installed volume into the field, the investment in manufacturing base...
Stator Fault Modelling of Induction Motors
Thomsen, Jesper Sandberg; Kallesøe, Carsten
2006-01-01
measurements from a specially designed induction motor. With this motor it is possible to simulate both terminal disconnections, inter-turn and turn-turn short circuits. The results show good agreement between the measurements and the simulated signals obtained from the model. In the tests focus......In this paper a model of an induction motor affected by stator faults is presented. Two different types of faults are considered, these are; disconnection of a supply phase, and inter-turn and turn-turn short circuits inside the stator. The output of the derived model is compared to real...... is on the phase currents and the star point voltage as these signals are often used for fault detection....
Sliding Mode Control of Induction Motor Phase Currents
Hansen, R.B.; Hattel, T.; Bork, J
1995-01-01
Sliding mode control of induction motor phase currents are investigated through development of two control concepts.......Sliding mode control of induction motor phase currents are investigated through development of two control concepts....
Self-Tuning Speed Regulator for CVC Induction Motor Drive
Bidstrup, N.; Rasmussen, Henrik; Knudsen, Torben
1994-01-01
A self-tuning speed regulator for a current vector controlled induction motor drive has been designed.......A self-tuning speed regulator for a current vector controlled induction motor drive has been designed....
Sliding Mode Control of Induction Motor Phase Currents
Hansen, R.B.; Hattel, T.; Bork, J
1995-01-01
Sliding mode control of induction motor phase currents are investigated through development of two control concepts.......Sliding mode control of induction motor phase currents are investigated through development of two control concepts....
Field oriented control of induction motors
Burrows, Linda M.; Zinger, Don S.; Roth, Mary Ellen
1990-01-01
Induction motors have always been known for their simple rugged construction, but until lately were not suitable for variable speed or servo drives due to the inherent complexity of the controls. With the advent of field oriented control (FOC), however, the induction motor has become an attractive option for these types of drive systems. An FOC system which utilizes the pulse population modulation method to synthesize the motor drive frequencies is examined. This system allows for a variable voltage to frequency ratio and enables the user to have independent control of both the speed and torque of an induction motor. A second generation of the control boards were developed and tested with the next point of focus being the minimization of the size and complexity of these controls. Many options were considered with the best approach being the use of a digital signal processor (DSP) due to its inherent ability to quickly evaluate control algorithms. The present test results of the system and the status of the optimization process using a DSP are discussed.
Bifurcation and control of chaos in Induction motor drives
Chakrabarty, Krishnendu; Kar, Urmila
2014-01-01
The induction motor controlled by Indirect Field Oriented Control (IFOC) is known to have high performance and better stability. This paper reports the dynamical behavior of an indirect field oriented control (IFOC) induction motor drive in the light of bifurcation theory. The speed of high performance induction motor drive is controlled by IFOC method. The knowledge of qualitative change of the behavior of the motor such as equilibrium points, limit cycles and chaos with the change of motor ...
Backstepping Strategy for Induction Motor Control
Rasmussen, Henrik; Vadstrup, P.; Børsting, H.
2000-01-01
Using backstepping, which is a recursive nonlinear design method, a novel approach to control of induction motors is developed. The resulting scheme leads to a nonlinear controller for the torque and the amplitude of the field. A combination of nonlinear damping and observer backstepping with a s...... with a simple flux observer is used in the design. Assuming known motor parameters the design achieves stability with guaranteed region of attraction. It is also shown how a conventional field oriented controller may be obtained by omitting parts of the nonlinear controller....
Backstepping Strategy for Induction Motor Control
Rasmussen, Henrik; Vadstrup, P.; Børsting, H.
2000-01-01
Using backstepping, which is a recursive nonlinear design method, a novel approach to control of induction motors is developed. The resulting scheme leads to a nonlinear controller for the torque and the amplitude of the field. A combination of nonlinear damping and observer backstepping...... with a simple flux observer is used in the design. Assuming known motor parameters the design achieves stability with guaranteed region of attraction. It is also shown how a conventional field oriented controller may be obtained by omitting parts of the nonlinear controller....
Vector Controlled Two Phase Induction Motor and To A Three Phase Induction Motor
K.krishna Rao (PG student
2014-12-01
Full Text Available This paper presents vector controlled of single phase induction motor. some problems are with vector controlled SPIM.As SPIM’s are typically to maintain speed and also about the complex implementation of vector controlled SPIM.the implemantion of the proposed vector controlled TPIM compared to the vector controlled SPIM. The general modal sutable for vector control of the unsymmentrical two phase induction motor and also stator flux oriented controlled strategies are analized. the comparative performance of both has been presented in this work with help of a practical three phase motor.
Induction generator-induction motor wind-powered pumping system
Miranda, M.S.; Lyra, R.O.C.; Silva, S.R. [CPDEE - UFMG, Belo Horizonte (Brazil)
1997-12-31
The energy storage matter plays an important role in wind-electric conversion systems for isolated applications. Having that in mind, two different approaches can be basically considered: either the immediate conversion of the generated electric energy, as in a water pumping system or electric energy storage for later use, as in a battery charging system. Due to some features such as no need of an external reactive power source and, sometimes, a gearbox, permanent-magnet synchronous generators have been broadly used in low rated power isolated systems. Despite that, system performance can be affected when the generator is feeding an inductive load (e.g., an induction motor) under variable-speed-variable-frequency operational conditions. Since there is no effective flux control, motor overload may occur at high wind speeds. Thus, good system performance can be obtained through additional control devices which may increase system cost. Although being rugged and cheap, induction machines always work as a reactive power drain; therefore, they demand an external reactive power source. Considering that, reactive static compensators appear as an attractive alternative to the cost x performance problem. In addition to that, different control strategies can be used so that system performance can be improved.
Approaching the truth in induction motor efficiency
Haataja, J.; Pyrhoenen, J. [Lappeenranta Univ. of Technology (Finland)
2000-07-01
The importance of motor efficiency in the motor market is increasing. Therefore the accuracy of the efficiency value given by the manufacturer is significant. The accuracy of the efficiency determination depends on the test method used and the precision of the loss determination by the test method. Determining methods can be grouped into two broad categories: direct measurement methods and indirect methods (loss segregation methods). In the following the effect of different methods in the given motor efficiency has been investigated in more detail. While testing low voltage, polyphase squirrel cage induction motors IEC publication 34-2 allows both a direct and an indirect method to be used, but according to NEMA the IEEE-112 test method B - input-output - with loss segregation is to be used. European manufacturers prefer to use the ''summation of losses'' according to the IEC 34-2. When comparing IEC 34-2 to IEEE 112 it can be noticed that the latter one defines stabilised operating temperatures for the measurements, more accurate measuring instruments and more precise procedures to determine all losses than the IEC 34-2. The IEC 34-2 assumes an operating temperature, assumes a value for stray load loss and permits measurements at any motor operating condition with less accurate instruments. On the other hand the IEC 34-2 tolerances for motor losses are smaller than in the IEEE 112. However, it is important to note that IEEE states that besides the nominal efficiency value also a guaranteed minimum efficiency shall be shown on the nameplate. Depending on the manufacturing tolerances this minimum value can be better than the worst value that the tolerance allows. The test results shown below were measured for a high efficiency 690/400 V, four pole, general purpose 5.5 kW motor using both the IEEE 112 method B and the IEC 34-2 indirect (summation of losses) and direct methods. (orig.)
Investigation Into Non-Symmetrical Modes Of Linear Induction Motors
Lisauskas, Saulius
2007-01-01
Linear induction motors are applied in equipments with different requirements set up to the controlled motion parameters. Investigation of motoring and breaking modes remains the relevant problem nowadays. The scientific novelty is based on analysis of non-symmetrical operation modes of linear induction motor at supplying it by a voltage source, developing a generalized model of motoring and breaking dynamic modes and analyzing influence of linear motor windings connection way and contro...
Fuzzy efficiency optimization of AC induction motors
Jani, Yashvant; Sousa, Gilberto; Turner, Wayne; Spiegel, Ron; Chappell, Jeff
1993-01-01
This paper describes the early states of work to implement a fuzzy logic controller to optimize the efficiency of AC induction motor/adjustable speed drive (ASD) systems running at less than optimal speed and torque conditions. In this paper, the process by which the membership functions of the controller were tuned is discussed and a controller which operates on frequency as well as voltage is proposed. The membership functions for this dual-variable controller are sketched. Additional topics include an approach for fuzzy logic to motor current control which can be used with vector-controlled drives. Incorporation of a fuzzy controller as an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) microchip is planned.
Sensorless soft starters for loaded induction motors
Chrisanov, V.I.; Konovalov, Y.N. [Power Plearonics Department, State University of Telecommunication, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)
1997-12-31
The paper is devoted to the research and design of sensorless thyristor soft starters for loaded induction motors (IM) with short circuited squirrel case rotors. It is shown that the applied direct converter topology depends on the output power and consists of a small number of thyristors with special algorithm of switching to realize voltage - frequency control of IM drive systems at low speeds of starting. Sensorless control is realized from the both sides when neither direct converter nor drive system consists of any additional transducers for soft starting operation. (orig.) 4 refs.
Linearizing Control of Induction Motor Based on Networked Control Systems
Jun Ren; Chun-Wen Li; De-Zong Zhao
2009-01-01
A new approach to speed control of induction motors is developed by introducing networked control systems (NCSs) into the induction motor driving system. The control strategy is to stabilize and track the rotor speed of the induction motor when the network time delay occurs in the transport medium of network data. First, a feedback linearization method is used to achieve input-output linearization and decoupling control of the induction motor driving system based on rotor flux model, and then the characteristic of network data is analyzed in terms of the inherent network time delay. A networked control model of an induction motor is established. The sufficient condition of asymptotic stability for the networked induction motor driving system is given, and the state feedback controller is obtained by solving the linear matrix inequalities (LMIs). Simulation results verify the efficiency of the proposed scheme.
Predictive Condition Monitoring of Induction Motor Bearing Using Fuzzy Logic
2012-01-01
Induction motor is critical component in industrial processes and is frequently integrated in commercially available equipment. Safety, reliability, efficiency and performance are the major concerns of induction motor applications. Due to high reliability requirements and cost of breakdown, condition monitoring, diagnosis and Protection increasing importance. Protection of an induction motor (IM) against possible problems, such as stator faults, rotor faults and mechanical faults, occurring i...
Robust Speed and Parameter Estimation in Induction Motors
Børsting, H.; Vadstrup, P.
1995-01-01
This paper presents a Model Reference Adaptive System (MRAS) for the estimation of the induction motor speed, based on measured terminal voltages and currents.......This paper presents a Model Reference Adaptive System (MRAS) for the estimation of the induction motor speed, based on measured terminal voltages and currents....
Induction Motor Speed Estimation by Using Spectral Current Analysis
2009-01-01
An interesting application for the FFT analysis is related to the induction motor speed estimation based on spectral current analysis. The paper presents the possibility of induction motor speed estimation by using the current harmonics generated because of the rotor slots and of the eccentricity.
Dynamic Model of Linear Induction Motor Considering the End Effects
H. A. Hairik
2009-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper the dynamic behavior of linear induction motor is described by a mathematical model taking into account the end effects and the core losses. The need for such a model rises due to the complexity of linear induction motors electromagnetic field theory. The end affects by introducing speed dependent scale factor to the magnetizing inductance and series resistance in the d-axis equivalent circuit. Simulation results are presented to show the validity of the model during both no-load and sudden load change intervals. This model can also be used directly in simulation researches for linear induction motor vector control drive systems.
2010-10-01
... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Coal marine terminals, ore marine terminals, TOFC/COFC terminals, other marine terminals, motor vehicle loading and distribution facilities, and... Structures § 1242.27 Coal marine terminals, ore marine terminals, TOFC/COFC terminals, other marine...
Genetic Algorithm Based Proportional Integral Controller Design for Induction Motor
Mohanasundaram Kuppusamy
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Problem statement: This study has expounded the application of evolutionary computation method namely Genetic Algorithm (GA for estimation of feedback controller parameters for induction motor. GA offers certain advantages such as simple computational steps, derivative free optimization, reduced number of iterations and assured near global optima. The development of the method is well documented and computed and measured results are presented. Approach: The design of PI controller parameter for three phase induction motor drives was done using Genetic Algorithm. The objective function of motor current reduction, using PI controller, at starting is formulated as an optimization problem and solved with Genetic Algorithm. Results: The results showed the selected values of PI controller parameter using genetic algorithm approach, with objective of induction motor starting current reduction. Conclusions/Recommendation: The results proved the robustness and easy implementation of genetic algorithm selection of PI parameters for induction motor starting.
Equivalence Between Squirrel Cage and Sheet Rotor Induction Motor
Dwivedi, Ankita; Singh, S. K.; Srivastava, R. K.
2016-06-01
Due to topological changes in dual stator induction motor and high cost of its fabrication, it is convenient to replace the squirrel cage rotor with a composite sheet rotor. For an experimental machine, the inner and outer stator stampings are normally available whereas the procurement of rotor stampings is quite cumbersome and is not always cost effective. In this paper, the equivalence between sheet/solid rotor induction motor and squirrel cage induction motor has been investigated using layer theory of electrical machines, so as to enable one to utilize sheet/solid rotor in dual port experimental machines.
ANN Speed Sensorless Fuzzy Control of DRFOC Induction Motor Drives
Mouna BEN HAMED
2010-12-01
Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present a full digital implementation of a sensorless speed direct orientation field controlled induction motor drive. Thanks to their advantages, the fuzzy logic is used to control the Squirrel Cage Induction Motor rotor speed and a neural network is used to reconstruct it. Experimental results for a 1kw induction motor are presented and analyzed using a dSpace system with DS1104 controller board based on digital signal processors (DSP. Obtained results demonstrated that the proposed sensorless control scheme is able to obtain high performances.
Predictive Condition Monitoring of Induction Motor Bearing Using Fuzzy Logic
Prof. Rakeshkumar A. Patel
2012-10-01
Full Text Available Induction motor is critical component in industrial processes and is frequently integrated in commercially available equipment. Safety, reliability, efficiency and performance are the major concerns of induction motor applications. Due to high reliability requirements and cost of breakdown, condition monitoring, diagnosis and Protection increasing importance. Protection of an induction motor (IM against possible problems, such as stator faults, rotor faults and mechanical faults, occurring in the course of its operation is very important, because it is very popular in industries. Bearing fault is well known mechanical fault of IM.41�0faults related to bearing in IM. To avoid break down of IM condition monitoring of motor bearing condition is very important during the normal operation. Various classical and AI techniques like fuzzy logic, neural network, neuro-fuzzy are used for condition monitoring and diagnosis of IM. Among the above mentioned AI techniques, Fuzzy logic is the best technique for condition monitoring and diagnosis of IM bearing condition. Therefore, the present paper focuses on fuzzy logic technique. In this paper Fuzzy logic is design for the condition monitoring and diagnosis of induction motor bearing condition using motor current and speed. After applying Fuzzy logic it has been seen that continuous monitoring of the current and speed values of the motor conditioned monitoring and diagnosis of induction motor bearing condition can be done.
detection of static eccentricity fault in saturated induction motors by ...
2013-06-30
Jun 30, 2013 ... Coupled FEM) can close this reality, here the external electric circuit which ..... current between parallel windings in induction motor with .... track of time-series data mining and time-stepping coupled finite element-state space.
Nonlinear Control of Induction Motors: A Performance Study
Rasmussen, Henrik; Vadstrup, P.; Børsting, H.
1998-01-01
A novel approach to control of induction motors based on nonlinear state feedback has previously been presented by the authors. The resulting scheme gives a linearized input-output decoupling of the torque and the amplitude of the field. The proposed approach is used to design controllers...... for the field amplitude and the motor torque. The method is compared with the traditional Rotor Field Oriented Control method as regards variations in rotor resistance an magnetizing inductance...
State variable participation in the limit cycle of induction motor
Krishnendu Chakrabarty; Urmila Kar
2015-03-01
The paper presents bifurcation behaviour of a single-phase induction motor. Study of bifurcation of a system gives the complete picture of its dynamical behaviour with the change in system’s parameters. The system is mathematically described by a set of differential equations in the state space. Induction motors are very widely used in domestic and commercial applications. Single-phase capacitor-run induction motors are commonly used as prime movers for fans, pumps and compressors. This paper provides a numerical approach to understand the dynamics of an induction motor in the light of bifurcation and chaos. It is seen that the dynamics of a capacitor-run single-phase induction motor cannot be ascertained by the profile of a single state variable. This paper also attempts to discuss the bifurcation behaviour of the system based on the evolution of different state variables. The bifurcation diagrams drawn looking at different state variables are different in terms of periodicity and route to chaos. The knowledge of the dynamics of the system obtained from bifurcation diagrams give useful guidelines to control the operation of the induction motor depending on the need of an application for better performance.
A novel induction motor starting method using superconduction
Silva, F.B.B., E-mail: flaviobarcelos@ifes.edu.br [Ifes – Federal Institute of Espírito Santo, Dept. of Industrial Automation, Serra, ES 29173087 (Brazil); UFES – Federal University of Espírito Santo, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Vitória, ES (Brazil); Orlando, M.T.D. [UFES – Federal University of Espírito Santo, Dept. of Physics, Vitória, ES (Brazil); Fardin, J.F.; Simonetti, D.S. [UFES – Federal University of Espírito Santo, Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Vitória, ES (Brazil); Baldan, C.A. [EEL/USP – Engineering School from Lorena/University of São Paulo, SP (Brazil)
2014-12-15
Highlights: • Alternative method for starting up induction motor. • Based on using a high-temperature superconductor. • A prototype of the limiter was constructed with a 2G-YBCO tape. • Prototype was tested with a 55-kW industrial induction motor in a 440-V/60-Hz. • Offers reduced current waveform distortion compared to the soft starter method. - Abstract: In this paper, an alternative method for starting up induction motors is proposed, taking into account experimental measurements. The new starting current limitation method is based on using a high-temperature superconductor. A prototype of the superconducting starting current limiter was constructed with a commercially available second-generation high-temperature superconductor YBCO tape, and this was tested with a 55-kW industrial induction motor in a 440-V/60-Hz three-phase power grid. Performance evaluations of the superconducting limiter method (applied to startup of the induction motor) were performed and were compared with a direct-on-line starter and an electronic soft starter. In addition, a computational model was developed and used for electromagnetic torque analysis of the system. As significant characteristics, our method offers the ability to limit the starting current of the induction motor with greater electromagnetic torque, reduced current waveform distortion and therefore lower harmonic pollution during startup when compared to the soft starter method.
Efficiency Optimization of Slitted-Core Induction Motor
Yetgin, Asim Gökhan; Turan, Mustafa
2014-01-01
In this study, a 3kW squirrel cage induction motor having slits in stator and rotor teeth were examined. The slit depth and width in the 56 different slitted motor models were optimized with Finite Element Method Magnetics (FEMM) software by using Finite Elements Method (FEM). What value the depth and width of optimum slit should be was determined in order to obtain maximum motor efficiency in the new motor models created with the proposed slitted structure, and how the depth and width of slit could affect the performance of motor was demonstrated.
Power factor control system for ac induction motors
Nola, F. J. (Inventor)
1981-01-01
A power control circuit for an induction motor is disclosed in which a servo loop is used to control power input by controlling the power factor of motor operation. The power factor is measured by summing the voltage and current derived square wave signals.
Modeling Induction Motor Imbalances: A Non-DQ Approach
Armah, Kabenla; Jouffroy, Jerome; Duggen, Lars
2016-01-01
This paper gives a study into the development of a generalized model for a three-phase induction motor that offers flexibility of simulating balanced and unbalanced parameter scenarios. By analyzing the interaction of forces within the motor, we achieve our main objective of deriving the system...
Life cycle analysis on the design of induction motors
Torrent Burgués, Marcel; Martínez Piera, Eusebio; Andrada Gascón, Pedro
2011-01-01
Purpose Herein is reported an application of life cycle analysis (LCA), using the Methodology for the Ecodesign of Energy Using Products (MEEUP), in order to assess the influence of some design parameters in the environmental impact of three-phase induction motors. A motor design procedure to minimize the total environmental impact, based on data obtained from commercial motors, is presented. This procedure is specially intended for the low power range due to the greater potential for e...
Speed Control of Induction Motor by Using Variable Frequency
Drive Pooja Shinde; Rupali Burungale
2014-01-01
The variable speed drive is focused on voltage amplitude control. However, its only control speed in constraint limits. The load on Induction Motor is not constant & vary as per load requirement. so speed must be change as per load. If the supply voltage decreased motor torque also decreases, for maintaining same torque, slip decreases hence speed falls and motor speed is directly proportional to supply frequency, hence to maintain a speed, the supply V/F ratio must be vary ac...
Improved wavelet analysis for induction motors mixed-fault diagnosis
ZHANG Hanlei; ZHOU Jiemin; LI Gang
2007-01-01
Eccentricity is one of the frequent faults of induction motors,and it may cause rub between the rotor and the stator.Early detection of significant rub from pure eccentricity can prolong the lifespan of induction motors.This paper is devoted to such mixed-fault diagnosis:eccentricity plus rub fault.The continuous wavelet transform(CWT)is employed to analyze vibration signals obtained from the motor body.An improved continuous wavelet trartsform was proposed to alleviate the frequency aliasing.Experimental results show that the proposed method can effectively distinguish two types of faults,single-fault of eccentricity and mixed-fault of eccentricity plus rub.
Speed Control of Induction Motor by V/F Method
Pallavi shrikant Alagur
2016-09-01
Full Text Available This paper presents the design & implementation of voltage & frequency ratio constant & controller based on sinusoidal pulse width modulation technique for a single phase induction motor using fuzzy logic. The work involves implementation of an closed loop control scheme for an induction motor. The technique is used extensively in the industry as it provides the accuracy required at minimal cost. V/f controlled motors fall under the category of variable voltage variable frequency drives. The ratio of voltage & frequency must be constant.
Unstable force analysis for induction motor eccentricity
Han, Xu; Palazzolo, Alan
2016-05-01
The increasing popularity of motors in machinery trains has led to an intensified interest in the forces they produce that may influence machinery vibration. Motor design typically assumes a uniform air gap, however in practice all motors operate with the rotor slightly displaced from the motor centerline in what is referred to as an eccentric position. Rotor center eccentricity can cause a radially unbalanced magnetic field when the motor is operating. This will results in both a radial force pulling the motor further away from the center, and a tangential force which can induce a vibration stability problem. In this paper, a magnetic equivalent circuit MEC modeling method is proposed to calculate both the radial and tangential motor eccentric force. The treatment of tangential force determination is rarely addressed, but it is very important for rotordynamic vibration stability evaluation. The proposed model is also coupled with the motor electric circuit model to provide capability for transient vibration simulations. FEM is used to verify the MEC model. A parametric study is performed on the motor radial and tangential eccentric forces. Also a Jeffcott rotor model is used to study the influence of the motor eccentric force on mechanical vibration stability and nonlinear behavior. Furthermore, a stability criteria for the bearing damping is provided. The motor radial and tangential eccentric forces are both curved fitted to include their nonlinearity in time domain transient simulation for both a Jeffcott rotor model and a geared machinery train with coupled torsional-lateral motion. Nonlinear motions are observed, including limit cycles and bifurcation induced vibration amplitude jumps.
Motor power control circuit for ac induction motors
Nola, F. J. (Inventor)
1983-01-01
A motor power control of the type which functions by controlling the power factor wherein one of the parameters of power factor current on time is determined by the on time of a triac through which current is supplied to the motor. By means of a positive feedback circuit, a wider range of control is effected.
SIMULATION OF CYCLOCONVERTER FED SPLIT PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR
Abhishek Pratap Singh
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Single-phase induction motors are widely used in many applications. Improvements in its performance mean a great saving in electrical energy consumption. A cycloconverter fed variable frequency motor is a typical example of such improvement. In this regard, the paper presents an analysis of the performance and speed control of the split phase induction motor when it is fed with cycloconverter. Dynamic models and analysis of the motor behavior during transient and steady state phases are presented. A speed controller based oncycloconverter is proposed. The controlled motor exhibited better performance at staring state. A cycloconverter is a device that converts AC, power at one frequency into AC power of an adjustable but lower frequency without any direct current, or DC, stage in between. It can also be considered as a static frequency changer andtypically contains silicon-controlled rectifiers.
Rotor Faults Detection in Induction Motor by Wavelet Analysis
Neelam Mehala
2009-12-01
Full Text Available Motor current signature analysis has been successfully used for fault diagnosis in induction motors. However, this method does not always achieve good results when the speed or the load torque is not constant, because this cause variation on the motor slip and fast Fourier transform problems appear due to non-stationary signal. This paper experimentally describes the effects of rotor broken bar fault in the stator current of induction motor operating under non-constant load conditions. To achieve this, broken rotor bar fault is eplicated in a laboratory and its effect on the motor current has been studied. To diagnose the broken rotor bar fault, a new approach based on wavelet transform is applied by using ‘Labview 8.2 software’ of National Instrument (NI. The diagnosis procedure was performed by using the virtual instruments. The theoretical basis of proposed method is proved by laboratory tests.
A Novel method of Starting Induction Motor - A Comparative Study
R L Chakrasali
2011-09-01
Full Text Available Polyphase induction motor, when started from rest with full voltage impressed, the starting current is 5 to 8 or more times the rated current. The large line current drawn by such a motor is objectionable because of the possible sharp drop in voltage of the supply circuit and undesired effects upon other connected loads/devices. Accordingly it is customary to start such motors at reduced voltage by using auto transformers, star delta starters etc. This paper deals with a new approach to start poly phase induction motors without using any primary voltage compensators thereby limiting the inrush of starting current. The rotor of the motor is driven at suitable speed in the specified direction of rotation by using crank driving mechanism. Then te rated voltage is applied to the motor. This is enunciated using a case study on a 3- phase, 5hp, NGEF make motor with oscillographic records obtained from the experimentation and is compared with the various starting techniques. Keywords: Induction motor, starter, inrush current, voltage dip, new approach
CALCULATION OF INDUCTANCE OF THE INTERIOR PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR
Phyong Le Ngo
2017-01-01
Full Text Available Interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM refers to salient-pole synchronous motors, characterized by inequality of inductances of longitudinal (d and transverse (q axes. Electromagnetic torque of IPMSM consists of two components: active torque and reactive torque; the latter depends on inductances of d and q axes. An analytical method to calculate own inductances and mutual inductances of a three-phase IPMSM is presented. Distributed windings of the stator are substituted by equivalent sine distributed windings. An interior permanent magnets rotor is substituted by an equivalent salient-pole rotor. Sections of a magnetic circuit comprising interior permanent magnets, air barriers and steel bridges are substituted by equivalent air-gap. The expressions of the magnetic induction created by current of the stator windings at each point of the air gap as well as of magnetic flux linkage of the stator windings have been obtained. The equations of the self-inductances of phases A, B, C, and of inductance of mutual induction are determined from magnetic flux linkage. The inductance of the d and q axes have been obtained as a result of transformation of the axes abc–dq. The results obtained with the use of the proposed analytical method and the finite element method are presented in the form of a graph; the calculations that have been obtained by these two methods were compared.
Heating and Life Problem of High Power Density Induction Motor
李立毅; 崔淑梅; 宋立伟; 胡余生
2004-01-01
An induction motor with its speed modulated by frequency features wide transfer speed range, high systematic efficiency, simple structure and long life, and it therefore becomes one of the best driving motors used in electrical vehicles. The present research trend of it is high power, high speed, high efficiency and long life. How to meet the above requirements by using the electromagnetic design, structure design and heat design, becomes a matter that needs to be resolved now. In this paper, the characters of the motor in operation are analyzed, all kinds of factors that relate to life are laid out, its heating and loss are discussed and analyzed.The key reasons affecting the motor life are presented, and different characters of a high induction motor are compared with these of a general induction motor. A design idea is described, that is: we should consider how to improve the efficiency and reliability as well as how to reduce the heating by changing the electromagnet,structure, dissipation and operation of the motor. How to reduce its losses and to improve its dissipation has been presented in the paper.
Development of Motor Model of Rotor Slot Harmonics for Speed Sensorless Control of Induction Motor
Okubo, Tatsuya; Ishida, Muneaki; Doki, Shinji
This paper proposes a novel mathematical dynamic model to represent steady-state and transient-state characteristics of rotor slot harmonics of an induction motor for sensorless control. Although it is well known that the rotor slot harmonics originate from the mechanical structure of the induction motor, a mathematical model that describes the relationship between stator/rotor currents of the induction motor and the slot harmonics has not yet been proposed. Therefore, in this paper, a three-phase model of the induction motor that depicts the rotor slot harmonics is developed by taking into consideration the magnetomotive force harmonics and the change in the magnetic air gap caused by the rotor slots. Moreover, the validity of the proposed model is verified by comparing the experimental results and the calculated values.
Robust linear parameter varying induction motor control with polytopic models
Dalila Khamari
2013-01-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with a robust controller for an induction motor which is represented as a linear parameter varying systems. To do so linear matrix inequality (LMI based approach and robust Lyapunov feedback controller are associated. This new approach is related to the fact that the synthesis of a linear parameter varying (LPV feedback controller for the inner loop take into account rotor resistance and mechanical speed as varying parameter. An LPV flux observer is also synthesized to estimate rotor flux providing reference to cited above regulator. The induction motor is described as a polytopic model because of speed and rotor resistance affine dependence their values can be estimated on line during systems operations. The simulation results are presented to confirm the effectiveness of the proposed approach where robustness stability and high performances have been achieved over the entire operating range of the induction motor.
Robust Parameter and Signal Estimation in Induction Motors
Børsting, H.
in nonlinear systems, have been exposed. The main objectives of this project are: - analysis and application of theories and methods for robust estimation of parameters in a model structure, obtained from knowledge of the physics of the induction motor. - analysis and application of theories and methods......-time approximation. All methods and theories have been evaluated on the basis of experimental results obtained from measurements on a laboratory setup. Standard methods have been modified and combined to obtain usable solutions to the estimation problems. The major results of the work can be summarized as follows......: - identifiability has been treated in theory and practice in connection with parameter and signal estimation in induction motors. - a non recursive prediction error method has successfully been used to estimate physical related parameters in a continuous-time model of the induction motor. The speed of the rotor has...
Zulkarnain Lubis
2009-01-01
Full Text Available Problem statement: With emphasis on a cleaner environment and efficient operation, vehicles today rely more and more heavily on electrical power generation for success. Approach: Mathematical modeling the components of the HEV as the three phase induction motor couple to DC motor in hybrid electric vehicle was introduced. The controller of Induction Motor (IM was designed based on input-output feedback linearization technique. It allowed greater electrical generation capacity and the fuel economy and emissions benefits of hybrid electric automotive propulsion. Results: A typical series hybrid electric vehicle was modeled and investigated. Conclusion: Various tests, such as acceleration traversing ramp and fuel consumption and emission were performed on the proposed model of 3 phase induction motor coupler DC motor in electric hybrid vehicles drive.
Induction Motor Parameter Identification Using a Gravitational Search Algorithm
Omar Avalos
2016-04-01
Full Text Available The efficient use of electrical energy is a topic that has attracted attention for its environmental consequences. On the other hand, induction motors represent the main component in most industries. They consume the highest energy percentages in industrial facilities. This energy consumption depends on the operation conditions of the induction motor imposed by its internal parameters. Since the internal parameters of an induction motor are not directly measurable, an identification process must be conducted to obtain them. In the identification process, the parameter estimation is transformed into a multidimensional optimization problem where the internal parameters of the induction motor are considered as decision variables. Under this approach, the complexity of the optimization problem tends to produce multimodal error surfaces for which their cost functions are significantly difficult to minimize. Several algorithms based on evolutionary computation principles have been successfully applied to identify the optimal parameters of induction motors. However, most of them maintain an important limitation: They frequently obtain sub-optimal solutions as a result of an improper equilibrium between exploitation and exploration in their search strategies. This paper presents an algorithm for the optimal parameter identification of induction motors. To determine the parameters, the proposed method uses a recent evolutionary method called the gravitational search algorithm (GSA. Different from most of the existent evolutionary algorithms, the GSA presents a better performance in multimodal problems, avoiding critical flaws such as the premature convergence to sub-optimal solutions. Numerical simulations have been conducted on several models to show the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.
Analysis of a new 5-phase bearingless induction motor
无
2007-01-01
This paper addresses the bearingless motor with a single set of multiphase windings. The interaction between M and M±1 pole-pair magnetic fields produces radial force. Based on this principle, a bearingless machine is obtained. Conventional bearingless machine has dual windings, levitation windings and torque windings, which produce the two magnetic fields. In the proposed bearingless motor, the two needed magnetic fields are produced by feeding two groups of currents to a single set of multiphase windings. Taking a 5-phase induction motor as example, the inductance matrices, considering air gap eccentricity, are calculated with the modified winding function method. The radial force analytical model is deduced by virtual displacement, and its results are validated by FEA. The mathematical model of the new bearingless machine is set up, and the simulation results verified the feasibility of this novel bearingless motor.
Fault tolerant vector control of induction motor drive
Odnokopylov, G.; Bragin, A.
2014-10-01
For electric composed of technical objects hazardous industries, such as nuclear, military, chemical, etc. an urgent task is to increase their resiliency and survivability. The construction principle of vector control system fault-tolerant asynchronous electric. Displaying recovery efficiency three-phase induction motor drive in emergency mode using two-phase vector control system. The process of formation of a simulation model of the asynchronous electric unbalance in emergency mode. When modeling used coordinate transformation, providing emergency operation electric unbalance work. The results of modeling transient phase loss motor stator. During a power failure phase induction motor cannot save circular rotating field in the air gap of the motor and ensure the restoration of its efficiency at rated torque and speed.
Dynamically Reconfigurable Control Struture for Three Phase Induction Motor Drives
Rajendran Ramasamy
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs are a suitable hardware platform for the industrial control systems. These dynamically reconfigurable FPGAs can be used as an alternative digital solution to conventional microcontrollers and DSPs to ensure fast operation. This paper presents the feasibility of embedding the Direct Torque Control with Space Vector Modulation (DTC-SVM of an induction motor into FPGA.The DTC-SVM of induction motor drives is simulated in a Matlab/Simulink environment using a Xilinx System Generator.
A novel induction motor control scheme using IDA-PBC
Humberto GONZ(A)LEZ; Manuel A. DUARTE-MERMOUD; Ian PELISSIER; Juan Carlos TRAVIESO-TORRES; Romeo ORTEGA
2008-01-01
A new control scheme for induction motors is proposed in the present paper, applying the interconnection and damping assignment-passivity based control (IDA-PBC) method. The scheme is based exclusively on passivity based control, without restricting the input frequency as it is done in field oriented control (FOC). A port-controlled Hamiltonian (PCH) model of the induction motor is deduced to make the interconnection and damping of energy explicit on the scheme. The proposed controller is validated under computational simulations and experimental tests using an inverter prototype.
Digital Simulation of Space Vector Modulation Based Induction Motor Drive
G.V. Siva Krishna Rao and T.S. Surendra
2011-04-01
Full Text Available This study deals with simulation of Space vector modulated inverter fed induction motor drive. The drive system is modeled using matlab simulink and the results are presented. This drive has advantages like reduced harmonics and heating. Fixed AC is converted into DC and this DC is converted into variable voltage and variable frequency AC using SVM inverter. The output of SVM is applied to the stator of induction motor. The simulation results are compared with the analytical results. The FFT analysis shows that the current spectrum has reduced harmonics compared to the conventional system.
Induction Motor with Switchable Number of Poles and Toroidal Winding
MUNTEANU, A.
2011-05-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a study of an induction motor provided with toroidal stator winding. The ring-type coils offer a higher versatility in obtaining a different number of pole pairs by means of delta/star and series/parallel connections respectively. As consequence, the developed torque can vary within large limits and the motor can be utilized for applications that require, for example, high load torque values for a short time. The study involves experimental tests and FEM simulation for an induction machine with three configurations of pole pairs. The conclusions attest the superiority of the toroidal winding for certain applications such as electric vehicles or lifting machines.
Bearing Fault Detection in Induction Motor-Gearbox Drivetrain
Cibulka, Jaroslav; Ebbesen, Morten K.; Robbersmyr, Kjell G.
2012-05-01
The main contribution in the hereby presented paper is to investigate the fault detection capability of a motor current signature analysis by expanding its scope to include the gearbox, and not only the induction motor. Detecting bearing faults outside the induction motor through the stator current analysis represents an interesting alternative to traditional vibration analysis. Bearing faults cause changes in the stator current spectrum that can be used for fault diagnosis purposes. A time-domain simulation of the drivetrain model is developed. The drivetrain system consists of a loaded single stage gearbox driven by a line-fed induction motor. Three typical bearing faults in the gearbox are addressed, i.e. defects in the outer raceway, the inner raceway, and the rolling element. The interaction with the fault is modelled by means of kinematical and mechanical relations. The fault region is modelled in order to achieve gradual loss and gain of contact. A bearing fault generates an additional torque component that varies at the specific bearing defect frequency. The presented dynamic electromagnetic dq-model of an induction motor is adjusted for diagnostic purpose and considers such torque variations. The bearing fault is detected as a phase modulation of the stator current sine wave at the expected bearing defect frequency.
Induction Motors Versus Permanent-Magnet Actuators for Aerospace Applications
Kakosimos, Panagiotis E.; Sarigiannidis, Athanasios G.; Beniakar, Minos E.; Kladas, Antonios G.; Gerada, C
2014-01-01
This paper introduces a comparative study on the design of aerospace actuators concerning Induction Motor (IM) and Permanent Magnet Motor (PMM) technologies. In the analysis undertaken, the two candidate configurations are evaluated in terms of both their electromagnetic and thermal behavior in a combined manner. On a first step, the basic dimensioning of the actuators and their fundamental operational characteristics are determined via a time-stepping Finite Element (FE) analysis. The consid...
Touch Screen based Speed Control of Single Phase Induction Motor
S. Mallika
2010-12-01
Full Text Available This paper gives a brief idea of touch screen technology and its interfacing with a controller to control the speed of single phase induction motor. Here touch screen technology and Programmable System on Chip (PSOC microcontroller concept is utilized which is less spaceconsumption and easy to design. The aim of this paper is to have remote sensing and speed control of an AC motor.
The investigation of induction motors under abnormal condition
Nadir, Benamira; Faouzi, Rachedi Mohamed; Ahmed, Bouraiou
2013-01-01
This paper aims to present the negative effects of the unbalanced sinusoidal voltage on the operating of induction motors; this voltage quality anomaly could cause serious problems such as highly unbalanced currents on the stator, mechanical oscillations and interference with control electronics. In this research the detection of this unhealthy situation of the motors has been investigated; using firstly, the stator currents data patterns recognition, as a preliminary diagnosis. Secondly, the...
PERFORMANCE OF ANN BASED INDIRECT VECTOR CONTROL INDUCTION MOTOR DRIVE
A. K. Sharma,
2007-09-01
Full Text Available Indirect field orientation (IFO induction machine drives are increasingly employed in industrial drive systems, but the drive performance is often degrades. Motor works on best performance at certain voltage and frequency for certain loads. In this paper artificial neural network is used to predict the operating voltage and frequency when the load torque and speed going changed so motor efficiency is increased. Simulation and experimental results are shown to validate the scheme.
Multisensor fusion for induction motor aging analysis and fault diagnosis
Erbay, Ali Seyfettin
Induction motors are the most commonly used electrical drives, ranging in power from fractional horsepower to several thousand horsepowers. Several studies have been conducted to identify the cause of failure of induction motors in industrial applications. Recent activities indicate a focus towards building intelligence into the motors, so that a continuous on-line fault diagnosis and prognosis may be performed. The purpose of this research and development was to perform aging studies of three-phase, squirrel-cage induction motors; establish a database of mechanical, electrical and thermal measurements from load testing of the motors; develop a sensor-fusion method for on-line motor diagnosis; and use the accelerated aging models to extrapolate to the normal aging regimes. A new laboratory was established at The University of Tennessee to meet the goals of the project. The accelerated aging and motor performance tests constitute a unique database, containing information about the trend characteristics of measured signatures as a function of motor faults. The various measurements facilitate enhanced fault diagnosis of motors and may be effectively utilized to increase the reliability of decision making and for the development of life prediction techniques. One of these signatures is the use of Multi-Resolution Analysis (MRA) using wavelets. Using MRA in trending different frequency bands has revealed that higher frequencies show a characteristic increase when the condition of a bearing is in question. This study effectively showed that the use of MRA in vibration signatures can identify a thermal degradation or degradation via electrical charge of the bearing, whereas other failure mechanisms, such as winding insulation failure, do not exhibit such characteristics. A motor diagnostic system, called the Intelligent Motor Monitoring System (IMMS) was developed in this research. The IMMS integrated the various mechanical, electrical and thermal signatures, and
Yang, Wenxian; Tavner, P. J.; Court, R.
2013-07-01
Induction generators have been successfully applied to a variety of industries. However, their operation and maintenance in renewable wind and marine energy industries still face challenges due to harsh environments, limited access to site and relevant reliability issues. Hence, further enhancing their condition monitoring is regarded as one of the essential measures for improving their availability. To date, much effort has been made to monitor induction motors, which can be equally applied to monitoring induction generators. However, the achieved techniques still have constrains in particular when dealing with the condition monitoring problems in wind and marine turbine generators. For example, physical measurements of partial discharge, noise and temperature have been widely applied to monitoring induction machinery. They are simple and cost-effective, but unable to be used for fault diagnosis. The spectral analysis of vibration and stator current signals is also a mature technique popularly used in motor/generator condition monitoring practice. However, it often requires sufficient expertise for data interpretation, and significant pre-knowledge about the machines and their components. In particular in renewable wind and marine industries, the condition monitoring results are usually coupled with load variations, which further increases the difficulty of obtaining a reliable condition monitoring result. In view of these issues, a new condition monitoring technique is developed in this paper dedicated for wind and marine turbine generators. It is simple, informative and less load-dependent thus more reliable to deal with the online motor/generator condition monitoring problems under varying loading conditions. The technique has been verified through both simulated and practical experiments. It has been shown that with the aid of the proposed technique, not only the electrical faults but also the shaft unbalance occurring in the generator become detectable
Ramos, Mario Cesar E.S.; Tatizawa, Hedio [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil); Ramos, Mario Cesar Giacco [Universidade de Mogi das Cruzes (UMC), SP (Brazil)
2009-04-15
National and international methodologies are presented existing for determination of the yield of industrial three phase induction motors, viewing the energy consumption reduction and assessment of possible equipment replacement. So, measurement results were analysed, conducted by five enterprises specialized on motor efficiency. Also, it is presented a case study using the described methodologies.
HTS axial flux induction motor with analytic and FEA modeling
Li, S., E-mail: alexlee.zn@gmail.com; Fan, Y.; Fang, J.; Qin, W.; Lv, G.; Li, J.H.
2013-11-15
Highlights: •A high temperature superconductor axial flux induction motor and a novel maglev scheme are presented. •Analytic method and finite element method have been adopted to model the motor and to calculate the force. •Magnetic field distribution in HTS coil is calculated by analytic method. •An effective method to improve the critical current of HTS coil is presented. •AC losses of HTS coils in the HTS axial flux induction motor are estimated and tested. -- Abstract: This paper presents a high-temperature superconductor (HTS) axial-flux induction motor, which can output levitation force and torque simultaneously. In order to analyze the character of the force, analytic method and finite element method are adopted to model the motor. To make sure the HTS can carry sufficiently large current and work well, the magnetic field distribution in HTS coil is calculated. An effective method to improve the critical current of HTS coil is presented. Then, AC losses in HTS windings in the motor are estimated and tested.
HTS axial flux induction motor with analytic and FEA modeling
Li, S.; Fan, Y.; Fang, J.; Qin, W.; Lv, G.; Li, J. H.
2013-11-01
This paper presents a high-temperature superconductor (HTS) axial-flux induction motor, which can output levitation force and torque simultaneously. In order to analyze the character of the force, analytic method and finite element method are adopted to model the motor. To make sure the HTS can carry sufficiently large current and work well, the magnetic field distribution in HTS coil is calculated. An effective method to improve the critical current of HTS coil is presented. Then, AC losses in HTS windings in the motor are estimated and tested.
CAN-based Synchronized Motion Control for Induction Motors
Jun Ren; Chun-Wen Li; De-Zong Zhao
2009-01-01
A control area network (CAN) based multi-motor synchronized motion control system with an advanced synchronized control strategy is proposed.The strategy is to incorporate the adjacent cross-coupling control strategy into the sliding mode control architecture. As illustrated by the four-induction-motor-based experimental results,the multi-motor synchronized motion control system,via the CAN bus,has been successfully implemented.With the employment of the advanced synchronized motion control strategy,the synchronization performance can be significantly improved.
Improvement of the efficiency of induction motors
Falk, K.; Schoerner, J.
1982-07-01
The electric motor as energy converter was studied for four groups of parameters: process, network, foundations, and environment. The feasibility of reducing the losses of asynchronous three phase motors with squirrel cage or with slip rings in the power output range from 100 to 1500kW, was investigated. Mechanical losses from the bearings, from air friction, and from fan electromagnetic losses in the iron and in the copper, and the most efficient way of heat elimination due to this losses effect of a nonsinusoidal energy source on losses use of electronic controlled energy sources where variable load and speed are necessary, were studied. It is proved that for the studied motor range a better conception of ventilation is very useful and that the most efficient losses reduction are achieved by optimizing the electromagnetic design and the insulation techniques. Thyristor-based voltage regulators can achieve remarkable energy savings especially in the field of elevator technique in the speed range up to 2m/sec and in hoisting equipment.
Induction motor inter turn fault detection using infrared thermographic analysis
Singh, Gurmeet; Anil Kumar, T. Ch.; Naikan, V. N. A.
2016-07-01
Induction motors are the most commonly used prime movers in industries. These are subjected to various environmental, thermal and load stresses that ultimately reduces the motor efficiency and later leads to failure. Inter turn fault is the second most commonly observed faults in the motors and is considered the most severe. It can lead to the failure of complete phase and can even cause accidents, if left undetected or untreated. This paper proposes an online and non invasive technique that uses infrared thermography, in order to detect the presence of inter turn fault in induction motor drive. Two methods have been proposed that detect the fault and estimate its severity. One method uses transient thermal monitoring during the start of motor and other applies pseudo coloring technique on infrared image of the motor, after it reaches a thermal steady state. The designed template for pseudo-coloring is in acquiescence with the InterNational Electrical Testing Association (NETA) thermographic standard. An index is proposed to assess the severity of the fault present in the motor.
Induction Motors Most Efficient Operation Points in Pumped Storage Systems
Busca-Forcos, Andreea; Marinescu, Corneliu; Busca, Cristian
2015-01-01
efficiency is desired especially when operating with renewable energy systems, which present low energy conversion factor (up to 50% - performance coefficient for wind turbines, and efficiency up to 40% for photovoltaic systems). In this paper the most efficient operation points of the induction motors...
Implementation of a new fuzzy vector control of induction motor.
Rafa, Souad; Larabi, Abdelkader; Barazane, Linda; Manceur, Malik; Essounbouli, Najib; Hamzaoui, Abdelaziz
2014-05-01
The aim of this paper is to present a new approach to control an induction motor using type-1 fuzzy logic. The induction motor has a nonlinear model, uncertain and strongly coupled. The vector control technique, which is based on the inverse model of the induction motors, solves the coupling problem. Unfortunately, in practice this is not checked because of model uncertainties. Indeed, the presence of the uncertainties led us to use human expertise such as the fuzzy logic techniques. In order to maintain the decoupling and to overcome the problem of the sensitivity to the parametric variations, the field-oriented control is replaced by a new block control. The simulation results show that the both control schemes provide in their basic configuration, comparable performances regarding the decoupling. However, the fuzzy vector control provides the insensitivity to the parametric variations compared to the classical one. The fuzzy vector control scheme is successfully implemented in real-time using a digital signal processor board dSPACE 1104. The efficiency of this technique is verified as well as experimentally at different dynamic operating conditions such as sudden loads change, parameter variations, speed changes, etc. The fuzzy vector control is found to be a best control for application in an induction motor.
A novel induction motor starting method using superconduction
Silva, F. B. B.; Orlando, M. T. D.; Fardin, J. F.; Simonetti, D. S.; Baldan, C. A.
2014-12-01
In this paper, an alternative method for starting up induction motors is proposed, taking into account experimental measurements. The new starting current limitation method is based on using a high-temperature superconductor. A prototype of the superconducting starting current limiter was constructed with a commercially available second-generation high-temperature superconductor YBCO tape, and this was tested with a 55-kW industrial induction motor in a 440-V/60-Hz three-phase power grid. Performance evaluations of the superconducting limiter method (applied to startup of the induction motor) were performed and were compared with a direct-on-line starter and an electronic soft starter. In addition, a computational model was developed and used for electromagnetic torque analysis of the system. As significant characteristics, our method offers the ability to limit the starting current of the induction motor with greater electromagnetic torque, reduced current waveform distortion and therefore lower harmonic pollution during startup when compared to the soft starter method.
RNN Based Rotor Flux and Speed Estimation of Induction Motor
Bambang Purwahyudi
2011-09-01
Full Text Available Speed control of induction motor can be obtained by closed loop system which require speed sensor. Speed sensor system is less effective for wide plant system, because the sensor location is too far from the main control system and measurement result is less accurate. This paper presents the development of speed sensorless field oriented control (FOC of induction motor by using the rotor flux and speed observers. The observers only required the stator voltage and current of induction motor to obtain the rotor flux and speed estimation. The observers based on recurrent neural network (RNN methods are implemented. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed method is verified by simulation. Simulation results show that RNN observer can produce well the rotor flux and speed estimation. MSE values of the rotor flux estimation are between 0.000087 and 0.000264, whereas MSE values of the speed estimation are between 43.0552 and 156.0798. Keywords: field oriented control, induction motor, observer, and recurrent neural network.
Design and Comparison Direct Torque Control Techniques for Induction Motors
Blaabjerg, Frede; Kazmierkowski, Marian P.; Zelechowski, Marcin
2005-01-01
In this paper a comparison of two significant control methods of induction motor are presented. The first one is a classical Direct Torque and Flux Control (DTC) and is compared with a scheme, which uses Space Vector Modulator (DTC-SVM). A comparison in respect to dynamic and steady state...
Acoustic analysis of an induction motor with viscoelastic bearing supports
Tillema, H.G.; Wensing, J.A.
2002-01-01
The demand for silent bearing applications has resulted in the development of an effective damping layer between the outer ring of a rolling bearing and the surrounding structure. By means of numerical modeling using both FEM and BEM techniques an induction motor for household appliances is analyzed
An Asymmetrical Space Vector Method for Single Phase Induction Motor
Cui, Yuanhai; Blaabjerg, Frede; Andersen, Gert Karmisholt
2002-01-01
Single phase induction motors are the workhorses in low-power applications in the world, and also the variable speed is necessary. Normally it is achieved either by the mechanical method or by controlling the capacitor connected with the auxiliary winding. Any above method has some drawback which...
Parameter Estimation of Induction Motors Using Water Cycle Optimization
M. Yazdani-Asrami
2013-12-01
Full Text Available This paper presents the application of recently introduced water cycle algorithm (WCA to optimize the parameters of exact and approximate induction motor from the nameplate data. Considering that induction motors are widely used in industrial applications, these parameters have a significant effect on the accuracy and efficiency of the motors and, ultimately, the overall system performance. Therefore, it is essential to develop algorithms for the parameter estimation of the induction motor. The fundamental concepts and ideas which underlie the proposed method is inspired from nature and based on the observation of water cycle process and how rivers and streams ﬂow to the sea in the real world. The objective function is defined as the minimization of the real values of the relative error between the measured and estimated torques of the machine in different slip points. The proposed WCA approach has been applied on two different sample motors. Results of the proposed method have been compared with other previously applied Meta heuristic methods on the problem, which show the feasibility and the fast convergence of the proposed approach.
Discrete-Time LPV Current Control of an Induction Motor
Bendtsen, Jan Dimon; Trangbæk, Klaus
2003-01-01
further complications. The synthesis method is applied to the model, yielding an LPV discrete-time controller. Finally, the efficiency of the control scheme is validated via simulations as well as on the actual induction motor, both in open-loop current control and when an outer speed control loop......In this paper we apply a new method for gain-scheduled output feedback control of nonlinear systems to current control of an induction motor. The method relies on recently developed controller synthesis results for linear parameter-varying (LPV) systems, where the controller synthesis is formulated...... as a set of linear matrix inequalities with full-block multipliers. A standard nonlinear model of the motor is constructed and written on LPV form. We then show that, although originally developed in continuous time, the controller synthesis results can be applied to a discrete-time model as well without...
Discrete-Time LPV Current Control of an Induction Motor
Bendtsen, Jan Dimon; Trangbæk, Klaus
2003-01-01
In this paper we apply a new method for gain-scheduled output feedback control of nonlinear systems to current control of an induction motor. The method relies on recently developed controller synthesis results for linear parameter-varying (LPV) systems, where the controller synthesis is formulated...... as a set of linear matrix inequalities with full-block multipliers. A standard nonlinear model of the motor is constructed and written on LPV form. We then show that, although originally developed in continuous time, the controller synthesis results can be applied to a discrete-time model as well without...... further complications. The synthesis method is applied to the model, yielding an LPV discrete-time controller. Finally, the efficiency of the control scheme is validated via simulations as well as on the actual induction motor, both in open-loop current control and when an outer speed control loop...
Discrete-Time LPV Current Control of an Induction Motor
Bendtsen, Jan Dimon; Trangbæk, Klaus
2001-01-01
In this paper we apply a new method for gain-scheduled output feedback control of nonlinear systems to current control of an induction motor. The method relies on recently developed controller synthesis results for linear parameter-varying (LPV) systems, where the controller synthesis is formulated...... as a set of linear matrix inequalities with full-block multipliers. A standard nonlinear model of the motor is then constructed and written on LPV form. We then show that, although originally developed in continuous time, the controller synthesis results can be applied to a discrete-time model as well...... without further complications. The synthesis method is applied to the model, yielding an LPV discrete-time controller. Finally, the efficiency of the control scheme is validated via simulations as well as experimentally on the actual induction motor, both in open-loop current control and when an outer...
Off-Line Identification of Induction Motor Parameters
Liu Junfeng; Luo Hui; Wan Shuyun
2005-01-01
This study presented an off-line identification method of induction motor (IM) parameters. Before startup,the inverter drive performed automatically a modified DC test, a locked-rotor test, a no-load test and a step-voltage test to identify all the parameters of an induction motor. No manual operation and speed signals were required in the process. In order to obtain effective messages and improve the accuracy of identification, the discrete fast Fourier transform (DFFT) and the least-squares were used to process the signals of currents and voltages. A phase-voltage measuring method for motors was also proposed, which measured directly the actual conducting time of three upper switches in the inverter without need for a dead-time compensator. The validity, reliability and accuracy of the presented methods have been verified by the experiments on a VSI-fed IM drive system.
Single-to-three phase induction motor sensorless drive system
Z.M.S. El-Barbary
2012-06-01
Full Text Available This paper presented a single to three-phase induction motor drive system to provide variable output voltage and frequency. The proposed drive system employs only six IGBT switches, which form the front-end rectifier and the output inverter for the one step conversion from single-phase supply to output three-phase supply. The front-end rectifier permits bidirectional power flow and provides excellent regulation against fluctuations in source voltage. Moreover, it incorporates active input current shaping feature. The control strategy of the proposed drive system of three-phase induction motor is based on speed sensorless vector control technique. A low cost of motor drive and much more advantages can be achieved using the proposed drive system. Simulation and experimental results are carried out to analysis and explore the characteristics of the proposed drive system.
Prediction of electrical behavior in deteriorating induction motors
Trutt, F.C. (Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). College of Engineering); Santa Cruz, C. (Minera Yanacocha S.A., Lima (Peru)); Kohler, J.L. (Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States). Mine Electrical Lab.); Sottile, J. (Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (United States). Dept. of Mining Engineering)
Methods for the prediction of electrical behavior in deteriorating induction machines are surveyed. Generally, these procedures require the assumption of a specific motor speed. The electrical operating parameters are then calculated using a model developed for this purpose. These models normally allow an arbitrary number of winding deterioration processes to be simulated on the stator and/or rotor. Forms of deterioration might include high- or low-impedance leakage between phases, between coils in a single phase, or between a phase and ground. In this paper, experimental data for a three-phase, wound rotor induction motor with stator deterioration is compared with the predictions of a specific model of that motor. Procedures are then developed for the prediction of deterioration trends in classes of motors. One application of such an analysis would be in the generation of data bases required to design and develop performance monitoring, deterioration detection, or deterioration classification systems for critical motor installations without the need to develop a predictive model for each motor type.
Vector Control of Three-Phase Induction Motor with Two Stator Phases Open-Circuit
Seyed Hesam Asgari; Mohammad Jannati; Tole Sutikno; Nik Rumzi Nik Idris
2015-01-01
Variable frequency drives are used to provide reliable dynamic systems and significant reduction in usage of energy and costs of the induction motors. Modeling and control of faulty or an unbalanced three-phase induction motor is obviously different from healthy three-phase induction motor. Using conventional vector control techniques such as Field-Oriented Control (FOC) for faulty three-phase induction motor, results in a significant torque and speed oscillation. This research presented a no...
Saturation model for squirrel-cage induction motors
Pedra, J. [Department of Electrical Engineering, ETSEIB-UPC, Av. Diagonal 647, 08028 Barcelona (Spain); Candela, I. [Department of Electrical Engineering, ETSEIT-UPC, Colom 1, 08222 Terrassa (Spain); Barrera, A. [Asea Brown Boveri, S.A. Fabrica de Motores, Poligono Industrial S.O., 08192 Sant Quirze del Valles, Barcelona (Spain)
2009-07-15
An induction motor model which includes stator leakage reactance saturation, rotor leakage reactance saturation and magnetizing reactance saturation is presented. This improved model is based on experimental data from 96 motors. The power range of the motors is between 11 and 90 kW. The effects on the torque-speed and current-speed curves of each kind of saturation have been studied. In addition, the parameters of magnetizing reactance saturation and stator leakage reactance saturation have been studied for each motor, and an average value and its dispersion for each parameter are given. This model is considerably more accurate than other models. In particular, it explains the significant differences between theoretical and experimental torque-speed curves in the braking regime (s > 1). (author)
High frequency electromagnetic processes in induction motors supplied from PWM inverters
Ioan Ţilea
2010-12-01
Full Text Available The paper presents the electromagnetic interference between induction motors and inverters when at high frequency electromagnetic process appears in induction motors having a parallel resonant effect because of parasitic capacitive coupling between windings and ground, using a numerical model in simulink and a high frequency induction motor equivalent circuit model this effect is shown.
Broken-Rotor-Bar Diagnosis for Induction Motors
Wang, Jinjiang; Gao, Robert X.; Yan, Ruqiang
2011-07-01
Broken rotor bar is one of the commonly encountered induction motor faults that may cause serious motor damage to the motor if not detected timely. Past efforts on broken rotor bar diagnosis have been focused on current signature analysis using spectral analysis and wavelet transform. These methods require accurate slip estimation to localize fault-related frequency. This paper presents a new approach to broken rotor bar diagnosis without slip estimation, based on the ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) and the Hilbert transform. Specifically, the Hilbert transform first extracts the envelope of the motor current signal, which contains broken rotor fault-related frequency information. Subsequently, the envelope signal is adaptively decomposed into a number of intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) by the EEMD algorithm. Two criteria based on the energy and correlation analyses have been investigated to automate the IMF selection. Numerical and experimental studies have confirmed that the proposed approach is effective in diagnosing broken rotor bar faults for improved induction motor condition monitoring and damage assessment.
Performance Comparison of Starting Speed Control of Induction Motor
Deddy Kusbianto
2011-09-01
Full Text Available In the induction motor speed control without sensors operated by the method Field Oriented Control (FOC was required an observer to estimate the speed. Obsever methods have been developed, among others, was the method of Self-Constructing Fuzzy Neural Network (SCFNN with some training algorithms such as backpropagasi (BP. Levenberg Marquard (LM etc.. In the induction motor control techniques were also developed methods of Direct Torque Control (DTC with observer Recurrent Neural Network (RNN. This paper compares the performance of the motor response to initial rotation between SCFNN observer method that uses the LM training algorithm with DTC control technique with RNN observer. From the observation performance of the motor response to initial rotation of the two methods shows that the LM method has better performances than the RNN. This can be seen on both the parameters : overshoot, rise time, settling time, peak and peak time. With the right method, can enhance better performance of the system. With the improvement of system performance, is expected to increase work efficiency in the industrial world, so overall, particularly for systems that require high precision, FNN methodcan be said to be better. Keywords: Motor Speed control without sensors, FOC, SCFNNO, DTC, Levenberg Marquardt and RNN
Design of a Bearingless Outer Rotor Induction Motor
Yuxin Sun
2017-05-01
Full Text Available A bearingless induction (BI motor with an outer rotor for flywheel energy storage systems is proposed due to the perceived advantages of simple rotor structure, non-contact support and high speed operation. Firstly, the configuration and operation principle of the proposed motor are described. Then several leading dimensional parameters are optimally calculated for achieving the maximum average values and the minimum ripples of torque output and suspension force. Finally, by using the finite element method, the characteristics and performance of the proposed machine are analyzed and verified.
Improvement the DTC system for electric vehicles induction motors
Arif Ali
2010-01-01
Full Text Available A three-phase squirrel-cage induction motor is used as a propulsion system of an electric vehicle (EV. Two different control methods have been designed. The first is based on the conventional DTC Scheme adapted for three level inverter. The second is based on the application of fuzzy logic controller to the DTC scheme. The motor is controlled at different operating conditions using a FLC based DTC technique. In the simulation the novel proposed technique reduces the torque and current ripples. The EV dynamics are taken into account.
Discrete-Time LPV Current Control of an Induction Motor
Bendtsen, Jan Dimon; Trangbæk, Klaus
2003-01-01
In this paper we apply a new method for gain-scheduled output feedback control of nonlinear systems to current control of an induction motor. The method relies on recently developed controller synthesis results for linear parameter-varying (LPV) systems, where the controller synthesis is formulated...... as a set of linear matrix inequalities with full-block multipliers. A standard nonlinear model of the motor is constructed and written on LPV form. We then show that, although originally developed in continuous time, the controller synthesis results can be applied to a discrete-time model as well without...
Fuzzy logic estimator of rotor time constant in induction motors
Alminoja, J. [Tampere University of Technology (Finland). Control Engineering Laboratory; Koivo, H. [Helsinki University of Technology, Otaniemi (Finland). Control Engineering Laboratory
1997-12-31
Vector control of AC machines is a well-known and widely used technique in induction machine control. It offers an exact method for speed control of induction motors, but it is also sensitive to the changes in machine parameters. E.g. rotor time constant has a strong dependence on temperature. In this paper a fuzzy logic estimator is developed, with which the rotor time constant can be estimated when the machine has a load. It is more simple than the estimators proposed in the literature. The fuzzy estimator is tested by simulation when step-wise abrupt changes and slow drifting occurs. (orig.) 7 refs.
Direct Torque Control for Double Star Induction Motor
LEKHCHINE, SALIMA; BAHI, TAHAR; Soufi, Youcef
2016-01-01
This paper describes a direct torque control (DTC) of dual star induction motor (DSIM). This machine possesses several advantages over conventional three-phase machine and is also known as the six-phase induction machine. The research has been underway for the last two decades to investigate the various issues related to the use of six-phase machine as a potential alternative to the conventional three-phase machine. Though six-phase machines have existed for some time, in the literature very ...
Standstill Estimation of Electrical Parameters in Induction Motors Using an Optimal Input Signal
Børsting, H.; Knudsen, Morten; Vadstrup, P.
1995-01-01
The paper suggest a simple off-line method to obtain accurate estimates of the resistances and inductances of the induction motor.......The paper suggest a simple off-line method to obtain accurate estimates of the resistances and inductances of the induction motor....
Effective and Robust Generalized Predictive Speed Control of Induction Motor
Patxi Alkorta
2013-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents and validates a new proposal for effective speed vector control of induction motors based on linear Generalized Predictive Control (GPC law. The presented GPC-PI cascade configuration simplifies the design with regard to GPC-GPC cascade configuration, maintaining the advantages of the predictive control algorithm. The robust stability of the closed loop system is demonstrated by the poles placement method for several typical cases of uncertainties in induction motors. The controller has been tested using several simulations and experiments and has been compared with Proportional Integral Derivative (PID and Sliding Mode (SM control schemes, obtaining outstanding results in speed tracking even in the presence of parameter uncertainties, unknown load disturbance, and measurement noise in the loop signals, suggesting its use in industrial applications.
Stator Fault Detection in Induction Motors by Autoregressive Modeling
Francisco M. Garcia-Guevara
2016-01-01
Full Text Available This study introduces a novel methodology for early detection of stator short circuit faults in induction motors by using autoregressive (AR model. The proposed algorithm is based on instantaneous space phasor (ISP module of stator currents, which are mapped to α-β stator-fixed reference frame; then, the module is obtained, and the coefficients of the AR model for such module are estimated and evaluated by order selection criterion, which is used as fault signature. For comparative purposes, a spectral analysis of the ISP module by Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT is performed; a comparison of both methodologies is obtained. To demonstrate the suitability of the proposed methodology for detecting and quantifying incipient short circuit stator faults, an induction motor was altered to induce different-degree fault scenarios during experimentation.
Improved direct torque control of induction motor with dither injection
R K Behera; S P Das
2008-10-01
In this paper, a three-level inverter-fed induction motor drive operating under Direct Torque Control (DTC) is presented. A triangular wave is used as dither signal of minute amplitude (for torque hysteresis band and ﬂux hysteresis band respectively) in the error block. This method minimizes ﬂux and torque ripple in a three-level inverter fed induction motor drive while the dynamic performance is not affected. The optimal value of dither frequency and magnitude is found out under free running condition. The proposed technique reduces torque ripple by 60% (peak to peak) compared to the case without dither injection, results in low acoustic noise and increases the switching frequency of the inverter. A laboratory prototype of the drive system has been developed and the simulation and experimental results are reported.
Modeling of induction motors considering the thermal effect
Moreno, J.F. [Universidad de Jaen, Departemento de Ingenieria Electrica, Linares (Spain); Vargas Merino, F.; Perez Hidalgo, F.M. [Universidad de Malaga. Departamento de Ingenieria Electrica, Malaga (Spain)
2000-08-01
This paper presents a study about the thermal behaviour of a 3-phase induction machine and proposes a mathematical model with two differential equations. The parameters that implement these equations are obtained by experimental test with the motor. The model allows to know the temperatures and the updated values of the stator and rotor electric resistances. After that, a new system of vector control in oriented field coordinates is defined for the machine; it permits to estimate the reference to the spaces phasor with a better precision. The study and the tests have been realized with a phase squirrel cage induction motor of 380 V, 50 Hz and 1Kw of nominal values. To verify the validity of the hypothesis and the mode proposed, the complete system is simulated using the SIMULINK programme. (orig.)
Simulation of Field Oriented Control in Induction Motor Drive System
Xiang Zhao
2013-07-01
Full Text Available In this paper, a 3-phase induction motor model for simulation the field oriented control (FOC system based on space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM is established in Ansoft/Simplorer software. The theory of field oriented control (FOC and the principle of space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM were introduced. The simulation results are presented and analyzed. A Simulink simulation model of field oriented control system is presented as a comparison under the same conditions. The results indicated that the Simplorer model had quick response speed, small torque fluctuations and good performance both in steady and dynamic states. Furthermore, the Simplorer model can be coupled with the finite element model of the motor to achieve field-circuit coupling simulation of induction motor’s field oriented control system.
NEW PUNCHING MACHINE DRIVEN BY LINEAR INDUCTION MOTOR
无
2000-01-01
The research and application of the punching machine driven by a linear induction motor(LIM)are introducedThe fundamental principle,construction,performance and application are describedComparing this new model machine with its traditional form,the LIM driven punching machine has many great advantages,such as,simple construction,small size and mass,low production cost,short production time,easy to control,low noise and considerable energy saving
DIRECT TORQUE CONTROL FOR INDUCTION MOTOR USING INTELLIGENT TECHNIQUES
R.Toufouti
2007-09-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we propose two approach intelligent techniques of improvement of Direct Torque Control (DTC of Induction motor such as fuzzy logic (FL and artificial neural network (ANN, applied in switching select voltage vector .The comparison with conventional direct torque control (DTC, show that the use of the DTC_FL and DTC_ANN, reduced the torque, stator flux, and current ripples. The validity of the proposed methods is confirmed by the simulative results.
Artificial immunity-based induction motor bearing fault diagnosis
Hakan ÇALIŞ; ÇAKIR, Abdülkadir; Emre DANDIL
2013-01-01
In this study, the artificial immunity of the negative selection algorithm is used for bearing fault detection. It is implemented in MATLAB-based graphical user interface software. The developed software uses amplitudes of the vibration signal in the time and frequency domains. Outer, inner, and ball defects in the bearings of the induction motor are detected by anomaly monitoring. The time instants of the fault occurrence and fault level are determined according to the number of a...
Speed Control of Induction Motor using FOC Method
Hafeezul Haq
2015-03-01
Full Text Available An increasing number of applications in high performing electrical drive systems use nowadays, squirrel-cage induction motors. This paper describes a simplified method for the speed control of a three phase AC drive using Proportional-Integral controller. The simulation results show that the step response of the model is very fast, steady and able to work in four quadrants, and robustness and high performance is achieved.
Lyapunov exponent for aging process in induction motor
Bayram, Duygu; Ünnü, Sezen Yıdırım; Şeker, Serhat
2012-09-01
Nonlinear systems like electrical circuits and systems, mechanics, optics and even incidents in nature may pass through various bifurcations and steady states like equilibrium point, periodic, quasi-periodic, chaotic states. Although chaotic phenomena are widely observed in physical systems, it can not be predicted because of the nature of the system. On the other hand, it is known that, chaos is strictly dependent on initial conditions of the system [1-3]. There are several methods in order to define the chaos. Phase portraits, Poincaré maps, Lyapunov Exponents are the most common techniques. Lyapunov Exponents are the theoretical indicator of the chaos, named after the Russian mathematician Aleksandr Lyapunov (1857-1918). Lyapunov Exponents stand for the average exponential divergence or convergence of nearby system states, meaning estimating the quantitive measure of the chaotic attractor. Negative numbers of the exponents stand for a stable system whereas zero stands for quasi-periodic systems. On the other hand, at least if one of the exponents is positive, this situation is an indicator of the chaos. For estimating the exponents, the system should be modeled by differential equation but even in that case mathematical calculation of Lyapunov Exponents are not very practical and evaluation of these values requires a long signal duration [4-7]. For experimental data sets, it is not always possible to acquire the differential equations. There are several different methods in literature for determining the Lyapunov Exponents of the system [4, 5]. Induction motors are the most important tools for many industrial processes because they are cheap, robust, efficient and reliable. In order to have healthy processes in industrial applications, the conditions of the machines should be monitored and the different working conditions should be addressed correctly. To the best of our knowledge, researches related to Lyapunov exponents and electrical motors are mostly
Improving Mechanical Characteristics of Inverter-induction Motor Drive System
Hussein Sarhan
2006-01-01
Full Text Available An inverter-three-phase squirrel-cage induction motor drive system with improved mechanical characteristics is presented. The proposed system provides mechanical characteristics with constant maximum torque or increased maximum torque and reduced slip speed at frequencies below the nominal frequency. The control algorithm is based on the constant volts per hertz principle using two improvement techniques: keeping maximum torque constant or keeping magnetic flux constant. Performance analysis of the system under different operation conditions was provided. For this purpose, a standard state-space model of three-phase squirrel-cage induction motor, with respect to a synchronously rotating d-q reference frame was derived. The correctness and validity of the derived model of induction motor was verified. The inverter was considered as a static linear element and modeled through its input-output equation based on the modulation index. Three types of controllers were modeled, simulated and experimentally tested. The results show that both suggested control methods improve the system performance. The slip speed has been decreased and the starting torque and maximum torque have been increased. Controller with constant maximum torque can be used in drive systems working with constant load, while controller with constant flux can be used in drive systems working with constant power.
Fuzzy Logic Based Rotor Health Index of Induction Motor
Misra, Rajul; Pahuja, G. L.
2015-10-01
This paper presents an experimental study on detection and diagnosis of broken rotor bars in Squirrel Cage Induction Motor (SQIM). The proposed scheme is based on Motor Current Signature Analysis (MCSA) which uses amplitude difference of supply frequency to upper and lower side bands. Initially traditional MCSA has been used for rotor fault detection. It provides rotor health index on full load conditions. However in real practice if a fault occurs motor can not run at full load. To overcome the issue of reduced load condition a Fuzzy Logic based MCSA has been designed, implemented, tested and compared with traditional MCSA. A simulation result shows that proposed scheme is not only capable of detecting the severity of rotor fault but also provides remarkable performance at reduced load conditions.
A Quantities Method of Induction Motor Under Unbalanced Voltage Conditions
Ayong Hiendro
2010-08-01
Full Text Available The most complete definition for the voltage unbalance is using complex voltage unbalance factor (CVUF that consists of its magnitude and angle. Unfortunately, the definition did not distinguish between undervoltage and overvoltage unbalance conditions. In this paper, the analysis of the motor is performed using the method of symmetrical component and MATLAB software is used to investigate the performance of induction motor. The simulation results show that the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC definition of the voltage unbalance can be applied to evaluate total copper losses precisely. However, the phase angle of unbalance factor must be included for accurate predicting of peak currents and peak copper losses of the phase windings of the motor.The unbalanced conditions which distinguish between under and over voltage unbalance must also be taken into consideration for assessing all the quantities.
Advanced induction motor drive control with single current sensor
Adžić Evgenije M.
2016-01-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes induction motor drive control method which uses minimal number of sensors, providing only DC-link current as a feedback signal. Improved DC-link current sampling scheme and modified asymmetrical switching pattern cancels characteristic waveform errors which exist in all three reconstructed motor line-currents. Motor linecurrent harmonic content is reduced to an acceptable level, eliminating torque and speed oscillations which were inherent for conventional single sensor drives. Consequently, use of single current sensor and line-current reconstruction technique is no longer acceptable only for low and medium performance drives, but also for drives where priority is obtaining a highly accurate, stable and fast response. Proposed control algorithm is validated using induction motor drive hardware prototype based on TMS320F2812 digital signal processor. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. III 042004 and by the Provincial Secretariat for Science and Technological Development of AP Vojvodina under contract No. 114-451-3508/2013-04
AN INVESTIGATION ON SWITCHING BEHAVIOURS OF VECTOR CONTROLLED INDUCTION MOTORS
Yilmaz Korkmaz
2014-11-01
Full Text Available Field oriented control and direct torque control are the most popular methods in high performance industrial control applications for induction motors. Naturally, the strengths and weaknesses of each control method are available. Therefore, the selection of optimum control method is vitally important for many industrial applications. So, the advantages and the disadvantages of both control methods have to be well defined. In this paper, a new and different perspective has been presented regarding the comparison of the inverter switching behaviours on the FOC and the DTC drivers. For this purpose, the experimental studies have been carried out to compare the inverter switching frequencies and torque responses of induction motors in the FOC and the DTC systems. The dSPACE 1103 controller board has been programmed with Matlab/Simulink software. As expected, the experimental studies have showed that the FOC controlled motors have had a lessened torque ripple. On the other hand, the FOC controlled motor switching frequency has about 75% more than the DTC controlled.
Electromechanical interaction in rotordynamics of cage induction motors
Holopainen, Timo P.; Tenhunen, Asmo; Arkkio, Antero
2005-06-01
Eccentric rotor motion induces an unbalanced magnetic pull between the rotor and stator of cage induction motors. Recently, a linear parametric model of this eccentricity force due to the arbitrary rotor motion was presented. The purpose of this study is to combine this electromagnetic force model with a simple mechanical rotor model, and further, to demonstrate the rotordynamic response induced by this electromechanical interaction. An electromechanical rotor model is derived on the basis of the Jeffcott rotor with two additional variables for the harmonic currents of the rotor cage. Applying this model, the rotordynamic effects of electromechanical interaction were studied. Three induction motors were used in the numerical examples. The electromechanical parameters of these motors were estimated from the numerical simulations carried out separately. The results obtained show that the electromechanical interaction may decrease the natural frequencies of the rotor, induce additional damping or cause rotordynamic instability. These interaction effects are most significant in motors operating at or near the first bending critical speed. Excluding the potential rotordynamic instability, the numerical results indicate that the electromechanical interaction reduces effectively the unbalance response close to the first bending critical speed.
A.B. Chattopadhyay; Sunil Thomas
2014-01-01
Modeling of synchronous motor plays a dominant role in designing complicated drive system for different applications, especially large blower fans etc for steel industries. As synchronous motor has no inherent starting torque generally it is started as an induction motor with the help of a damper winding and it pulls into synchronism under certain conditions. The present paper exactly concentrates on this particular zone of transition from induction motor to synchronous motor mode for a curre...
A.B. Chattopadhyay; Sunil Thomas
2014-01-01
Modeling of synchronous motor plays a dominant role in designing complicated drive system for different applications, especially large blower fans etc., for steel industries. As synchronous motor has no inherent starting torque generally it is started as an induction motor with the help of a damper winding and it pulls into synchronism under certain conditions. The present study exactly concentrates on this particular zone of transition from induction motor to synchronous motor mode for a cur...
Diagnosis of the three-phase induction motor using thermal imaging
Glowacz, Adam; Glowacz, Zygfryd
2017-03-01
Three-phase induction motors are used in the industry commonly for example woodworking machines, blowers, pumps, conveyors, elevators, compressors, mining industry, automotive industry, chemical industry and railway applications. Diagnosis of faults is essential for proper maintenance. Faults may damage a motor and damaged motors generate economic losses caused by breakdowns in production lines. In this paper the authors develop fault diagnostic techniques of the three-phase induction motor. The described techniques are based on the analysis of thermal images of three-phase induction motor. The authors analyse thermal images of 3 states of the three-phase induction motor: healthy three-phase induction motor, three-phase induction motor with 2 broken bars, three-phase induction motor with faulty ring of squirrel-cage. In this paper the authors develop an original method of the feature extraction of thermal images MoASoID (Method of Areas Selection of Image Differences). This method compares many training sets together and it selects the areas with the biggest changes for the recognition process. Feature vectors are obtained with the use of mentioned MoASoID and image histogram. Next 3 methods of classification are used: NN (the Nearest Neighbour classifier), K-means, BNN (the back-propagation neural network). The described fault diagnostic techniques are useful for protection of three-phase induction motor and other types of rotating electrical motors such as: DC motors, generators, synchronous motors.
Offline detection of broken rotor bars in AC induction motors
Powers, Craig Stephen
ABSTRACT. OFFLINE DETECTION OF BROKEN ROTOR BARS IN AC INDUCTION MOTORS. The detection of the broken rotor bar defect in medium- and large-sized AC induction machines is currently one of the most difficult tasks for the motor condition and monitoring industry. If a broken rotor bar defect goes undetected, it can cause a catastrophic failure of an expensive machine. If a broken rotor bar defect is falsely determined, it wastes time and money to physically tear down and inspect the machine only to find an incorrect diagnosis. Previous work in 2009 at Baker/SKF-USA in collaboration with the Korea University has developed a prototype instrument that has been highly successful in correctly detecting the broken rotor bar defect in ACIMs where other methods have failed. Dr. Sang Bin and his students at the Korea University have been using this prototype instrument to help the industry save money in the successful detection of the BRB defect. A review of the current state of motor conditioning and monitoring technology for detecting the broken rotor bar defect in ACIMs shows improved detection of this fault is still relevant. An analysis of previous work in the creation of this prototype instrument leads into the refactoring of the software and hardware into something more deployable, cost effective and commercially viable.
PARAMETER ESTIMATION METHODOLOGY FOR NONLINEAR SYSTEMS: APPLICATION TO INDUCTION MOTOR
G.KENNE; F.FLORET; H.NKWAWO; F.LAMNABHI-LAGARRIGUE
2005-01-01
This paper deals with on-line state and parameter estimation of a reasonably large class of nonlinear continuous-time systems using a step-by-step sliding mode observer approach. The method proposed can also be used for adaptation to parameters that vary with time. The other interesting feature of the method is that it is easily implementable in real-time. The efficiency of this technique is demonstrated via the on-line estimation of the electrical parameters and rotor flux of an induction motor. This application is based on the standard model of the induction motor expressed in rotor coordinates with the stator current and voltage as well as the rotor speed assumed to be measurable.Real-time implementation results are then reported and the ability of the algorithm to rapidly estimate the motor parameters is demonstrated. These results show the robustness of this approach with respect to measurement noise, discretization effects, parameter uncertainties and modeling inaccuracies.Comparisons between the results obtained and those of the classical recursive least square algorithm are also presented. The real-time implementation results show that the proposed algorithm gives better performance than the recursive least square method in terms of the convergence rate and the robustness with respect to measurement noise.
Development of a linear induction motor based artificial muscle system.
Gruber, A; Arguello, E; Silva, R
2013-01-01
We present the design of a linear induction motor based on electromagnetic interactions. The engine is capable of producing a linear movement from electricity. The design consists of stators arranged in parallel, which produce a magnetic field sufficient to displace a plunger along its axial axis. Furthermore, the winding has a shell and cap of ferromagnetic material that amplifies the magnetic field. This produces a force along the length of the motor that is similar to that of skeletal muscle. In principle, the objective is to use the engine in the development of an artificial muscle system for prosthetic applications, but it could have multiple applications, not only in the medical field, but in other industries.
Fuzzy Mixed-Sensitivity Control of Uncertain Nonlinear Induction Motor
Vahid Azimi
2014-06-01
Full Text Available In this article we investigate on robust mixed-sensitivity H∞ control for speed and torque control of inductional motor (IM. In order to simplify the design procedure the Takagi–Sugeno (T–S fuzzy approach is introduced to solve the nonlinear model Problem. Loop-shaping methodology and Mixed-sensitivity problem are developed to formulate frequency-domain specifications. Then a regional pole-placement output feedback H∞ controller is employed by using linear matrix inequalities(LMIs teqnique for each linear subsystem of IM T-S fuzzy model. Parallel Distributed Compensation (PDC is used to design the controller for the overall system . Simulation results are presented to validate the effectiveness of the proposed controller even in the presence of motor parameter variations and unknown load disturbance.
Efficiency optimized control of medium-size induction motor drives
Abrahamsen, F.; Blaabjerg, Frede; Pedersen, John Kim
2000-01-01
The efficiency of a variable speed induction motor drive can be optimized by adaption of the motor flux level to the load torque. In small drives (... not be disregarded without further analysis. The importance of the converter losses on efficiency optimization in medium-size drives is analyzed in this paper. Based on the experiments with a 90 kW drive it is found that it is not critical if the converter losses are neglected in the control, except...... that the robustness towards load disturbances may unnecessarily be reduced. Both displacement power factor and model-based efficiency optimizing control methods perform well in medium-size drives. The last strategy is also tested on a 22 kW drive with good results....
Neural network based PWM AC chopper fed induction motor drive
Venkatesan Jamuna
2009-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, a new Simulink model for a neural network controlled PWM AC chopper fed single phase induction motor is proposed. Closed loop speed control is achieved using a neural network controller. To maintain a constant fluid flow with a variation in pressure head, drives like fan and pump are operated with closed loop speed control. The need to improve the quality and reliability of the drive circuit has increased because of the growing demand for improving the performance of motor drives. With the increased availability of MOSFET's and IGBT's, PWM converters can be used efficiently in low and medium power applications. From the simulation studies, it is seen that the PWM AC chopper has a better harmonic spectrum and lesser copper loss than the Phase controlled AC chopper. It is observed that the drive system with the proposed model produces better dynamic performance, reduced overshoot and fast transient response. .
Accurate speed and slip measurement of induction motors
Ho, S.Y.S.; Langman, R. [Tasmania Univ., Hobart, TAS (Australia)
1996-03-01
Two alternative hardware circuits, for the accurate measurement of low slip in cage induction motors, are discussed. Both circuits compare the periods of the fundamental of the supply frequency and pulses from a shaft-connected toothed-wheel. The better of the two achieves accuracy to 0.5 percent of slip over the range 0.1 to 0.005, or better than 0.001 percent of speed over the range. This method is considered useful for slip measurement of motors supplied by either constant frequency mains of variable speed controllers with PMW waveforms. It is demonstrated that accurate slip measurement supports the conclusions of work previously done on the detection of broken rotor bars. (author). 1 tab., 6 figs., 13 refs.
Simple Approach For Induction Motor Control Using Reconfigurable Hardware
József VÁSÁRHELYI
2002-12-01
Full Text Available The paper deals with rotor-field-oriented vector control structures for the induction motor drives fed by the so-called tandem frequency converter. It is composed of two different types of DC-link converters connected in parallel arrangement. The larger-power one has current-source character and is operating synchronized in time and in amplitude with the stator currents. The other one has voltage-source character and it is the actuator of the motor control system. The drive is able to run also with partial-failed tandem converter, if the control strategy corresponds to the actual operating mode. A reconfigurable hardware implemented in configurable logic cells ensures the changing of the vector-control structure. The proposed control schemes were tested by simulation based on Matlab-Simulink model.
Efficiency optimized control of medium-size induction motor drives
Abrahamsen, F.; Blaabjerg, Frede; Pedersen, John Kim;
2000-01-01
The efficiency of a variable speed induction motor drive can be optimized by adaption of the motor flux level to the load torque. In small drives (... not be disregarded without further analysis. The importance of the converter losses on efficiency optimization in medium-size drives is analyzed in this paper. Based on the experiments with a 90 kW drive it is found that it is not critical if the converter losses are neglected in the control, except...... that the robustness towards load disturbances may unnecessarily be reduced. Both displacement power factor and model-based efficiency optimizing control methods perform well in medium-size drives. The last strategy is also tested on a 22 kW drive with good results....
Speed Control of Induction Motor by Using Variable Frequency
Drive Pooja Shinde
2014-04-01
Full Text Available The variable speed drive is focused on voltage amplitude control. However, its only control speed in constraint limits. The load on Induction Motor is not constant & vary as per load requirement. so speed must be change as per load. If the supply voltage decreased motor torque also decreases, for maintaining same torque, slip decreases hence speed falls and motor speed is directly proportional to supply frequency, hence to maintain a speed, the supply V/F ratio must be vary accordingly. But the speed is not vary proportion to application so it consume the rated power and it becomes economically disadvantages. To overcome above problem a new concept of Variable Frequency Drive (VFD is introduced. Adding a Variable Frequency Drive (VFD to a motor driven system can offer potential energy saving in a system in which the load vary with time. The primary function of VFD in application is to provide energy saving, speed reduction of 20% can save energy upto 50%.
NASTRAN buckling study of a linear induction motor reaction rail
Williams, J. G.
1973-01-01
NASTRAN was used to study problems associated with the installation of a linear induction motor reaction rail test track. Specific problems studied include determination of the critical axial compressive buckling stress and establishment of the lateral stiffness of the reaction rail under combined loads. NASTRAN results were compared with experimentally obtained values and satisfactory agreement was obtained. The reaction rail was found to buckle at an axial compressive stress of 11,400 pounds per square inch. The results of this investigation were used to select procedures for installation of the reaction rail.
Research on Direct Torque Control System Based on Induction Motor
康劲松; 陶生桂; 毛明平
2003-01-01
The mathematic model of direct torque control (DTC) was deduced. Two simulating models based on the MATLAB & SIMULINK were established. The emphasis is focused on study of the performance difference of the DTC system with stator flux hexagon and circle trajectories. The simulation waveforms of flux, torque and current characters with two flux trajectories were given. Experiments were carried out in an AC drive system based on induction motor and two-level inverter. A dual-CPU structure was used and the communication with two CPUs was obtained by a dual-port RAM in this system.
Direct-Torque Neuro-Fuzzy Control of Induction Motor
徐君鹏; CHEN Yan-feng; LI Guo-hou
2007-01-01
Fuzzy systems are currently being used in a wide field of industrial and scientific applications. Since the design and especially the optimization process of fuzzy systems can be very time consuming, it is convenient to have algorithms which construct and optimize them automatically. In order to improve the system stability and raise the response speed, a new control scheme, direct-torque neuro-fuzzy control for induction motor drive, was put forward. The design and tuning procedure have been described. Also, the improved stator flux estimation algorithm, which guarantees eccentric estimated flux has been proposed.
Induction Motor Flux Estimation using Nonlinear Sliding Observers
Hakiki Khalid
2007-01-01
Full Text Available A nonlinear sliding flux was proposed for an induction motor. Its dynamic observation errors converge asymptotically to zero, independently from the inputs. The aim of this work was to study the robustness of this observer with respect to the variation of the rotor resistance known to be a crucial parameter for the control. The dynamic performance of this sliding observer was compared to that of Verghese observer via a simulation of an IM driven by U/F control in open loop.
Study on maximum efficiency control strategy for induction motor
无
2007-01-01
Two new techniques for effficiency-optimization control (EOC) of induction motor drives were proposed. The first method combined Loss Model and "golden section technique", which was faster than the available methods. Secondly, the low-frequency ripple torque due to decrease of rotor flux was compensated in a feedforward manner. If load torque or speed command changed, the efficiency search algorithm would be abandoned and the rated flux would be established to get the best transient response. The close agreement between the simulation and the experimental results confirmed the validity and usefulness of the proposed techniques.
Modelling and Analysis of Dual-Stator Induction Motors
Razik, Hubert; Rezzoug, Abderrezak; Hadiouche, Djafar
In this paper, the analysis and the modelling of a Dual-Stator Induction Motor (DSIM) are presented. In particular, the effects of the shift angle between its three-phase windings are studied. A complex steady state model is first established in order to analyse its harmonic behavior when it is supplied by a non-sinusoidal voltage source. Then, a new transformation matrix is proposed to develop a suitable dynamic model. In both cases, the study is made using an arbitrary shift angle. Simulation results of its PWM control are also presented and compared in order to confirm our theoretical observations.
Analytical calculation of the RFOC method in single-phase induction motor
Jannati, M.; Monadi, A.; Idris, N. R. N.; Faudzi, A. A. M.
2016-05-01
This study discusses the different techniques for speed control of single-phase induction motor with two asymmetrical main and auxiliary windings based on Rotor Field-Oriented Control (RFOC) method. In the presented methods, transformation matrices are introduced and applied to the equations of single-phase induction motor. It is shown by applying these rotational transformations to the unbalanced equations of single-phase induction motor, equations of single-phase induction motor are transformed into symmetrical equations. These rotational transformations are achieved based from the steady-state equivalent circuit of single-phase induction motor. Finally, a method for RFOC of single-phase induction motor is proposed. Results show the good performance of the proposed method.
Torrent Burgués, Marcel; Martínez Piera, Eusebio; Andrada Gascón, Pedro
2012-01-01
Herein is reported development and testing of a life cycle analysis (LCA) procedure for assessing the environmental impact of induction motors. The operating conditions of a given industrial application are defined by the mechanical power required, operating hours and service life of the three-phase induction motor involved. Based on manufacturer’s data mainly,different three-phase induction motors for various sets of operating conditions, including oversizing, have been selected. To quantify...
R. Selva Santhose Kumar; S.M. Girirajkumar
2014-01-01
In this study, the proposal is made for Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) Recurrent Neural Network (RNN) based Z-Source Inverter Fed Induction Motor Drive. The proposed method is used to enhance the performance of the induction motor while reducing the Total Harmonic Distortion (THD), eliminating the oscillation period of the stator current, torque and speed. Here, the PSO technique uses the induction motor speed and reference speed as the input parameters. From the input parameters, it optim...
Robust Vector Control of Induction Motors Without Speed Sensor
Kim, Jin Soo; Kim, Sang Uk; Kim, Young Seok [Inha University, Inchon (Korea, Republic of)
1998-05-01
In this paper, a new approached to high performance variable drive system for the induction motors without speed sensor is proposed. The speed sensorless vector control realized in this paper has the robustness to the load and parameter variation and the excellent dynamic characteristics in comparison with the conventional speed sensorless vector control scheme. the conventional adaptive sliding observer based on the variable structure control theory has some disadvantages that the estimated values including the high-frequency chattering generated due to the infinite feedback gain and that the discontinuous control input result in torque chartering and excite mechanical resonance. This paper presents a new speed sensorless vector control of induction motors using the adaptive binary observer for the purpose of alleviating the high-frequency chattering in the sliding observer. The binary observer can generate the continuous control input under the effects of delay and various constraints in the switching frequency. The binary observer estimates the rotor speed and rotor flux with alleviation of the been implemented by 32-bit floating point TMS 320C31 DSP. The high performance speed control characteristics are verified by the experimental results, and the feasibility of the proposed controller without the speed and the rotor flux sensors under variable speed range is exemplified via the experiments. (author). 12 refs., 15 figs., 1 tab.
Augmenting Plasticity Induction in Human Motor Cortex by Disinhibition Stimulation.
Cash, Robin F H; Murakami, Takenobu; Chen, Robert; Thickbroom, Gary W; Ziemann, Ulf
2016-01-01
Cellular studies showed that disinhibition, evoked pharmacologically or by a suitably timed priming stimulus, can augment long-term plasticity (LTP) induction. We demonstrated previously that transcranial magnetic stimulation evokes a period of presumably GABA(B)ergic late cortical disinhibition (LCD) in human primary motor cortex (M1). Here, we hypothesized that, in keeping with cellular studies, LCD can augment LTP-like plasticity in humans. In Experiment 1, patterned repetitive TMS was applied to left M1, consisting of 6 trains (intertrain interval, 8 s) of 4 doublets (interpulse interval equal to individual peak I-wave facilitation, 1.3-1.5 ms) spaced by the individual peak LCD (interdoublet interval (IDI), 200-250 ms). This intervention (total of 48 pulses applied over ∼45 s) increased motor-evoked potential amplitude, a marker of corticospinal excitability, in a right hand muscle by 147% ± 4%. Control experiments showed that IDIs shorter or longer than LCD did not result in LTP-like plasticity. Experiment 2 indicated topographic specificity to the M1 hand region stimulated by TMS and duration of the LTP-like plasticity of 60 min. In conclusion, GABA(B)ergic LCD offers a powerful new approach for augmenting LTP-like plasticity induction in human cortex. We refer to this protocol as disinhibition stimulation (DIS).
Speed Estimation of Induction Motor Using Model Reference Adaptive System with Kalman Filter
Pavel Brandstetter
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The paper deals with a speed estimation of the induction motor using observer with Model Reference Adaptive System and Kalman Filter. For simulation, Hardware in Loop Simulation method is used. The first part of the paper includes the mathematical description of the observer for the speed estimation of the induction motor. The second part describes Kalman filter. The third part describes Hardware in Loop Simulation method and its realization using multifunction card MF 624. In the last section of the paper, simulation results are shown for different changes of the induction motor speed which confirm high dynamic properties of the induction motor drive with sensorless control.
Effects of Linear Induction Motor Parameters in Its Optimum Design Based on Finite Element Method
Mehrdad JafarBoland; AbdolAmir Nekoubin
2009-01-01
Effective parameters in performance of linear induction motors such as air gap, number of poles and the thickness of secondary must be selected and optimized to increase power coefficients and motor performance significantly. In this paper a double sided linear induction motor in different conditions is designed and next by finite element method analyzed. Then for comparing analytical model and numerical model a linear motor using Matlab software is simulated in different condition. It is cle...
Electromechanical interaction in rotordynamics of cage induction motors
Holopainen, T.P. [VTT Industrial Systems, Espoo (Finland)
2004-08-01
Electromagnetic fields in the air gap of an electric machine produce electromagnetic forces between the rotor and stator. The total force exerted on the rotor due to the eccentric rotor position is called the unbalanced magnetic pull. This eccentricity force is directed roughly over the shortest air gap. At low frequencies, the vibration amplitudes of flexural modes may be large enough to couple the electromagnetic system to the mechanical one. This electromechanical inter-action changes the vibration behaviour of the system. The main purpose of this dissertation is to reveal the main rotordynamic consequences induced by the electromechanical interaction in cage induction motors. Another goal is to achieve this by deriving a simple and representative electro mechanical rotor model with physical variables and parameters. In this study, a new parametric model was derived for the unbalanced magnetic pull induced by an arbitrary rotor motion in transient operation. The parameters of this model can be determined analytically from the basis of the machine characteristics or estimated numerically as in this study. To estimate the parameters, an efficient numerical method was developed from the analysis of impulse response. The numerical results showed that the simple electromagnetic force model, together with the estimated parameters, predicts the unbalanced magnetic pull fairly accurately. An electromechanical rotor model was derived by combining the Jeffcott rotor model with the simple electromagnetic force model, including two additional variables for the harmonic currents of the rotor cage. Applying this model, the rotordynamic effects of electromechanical interaction were studied. Three induction motors were used in the numerical examples. The results obtained show that the electromechanical interaction may decrease the flexural frequencies of the rotor, induce additional damping or cause rotordynamic instability. These interaction effects are most significant in
Temperature analysis of induction motors using a hybrid thermal model with distributed heat sources
Mukhopadhyay, S. C.; Pal, S. K.
1998-06-01
The article presents a hybrid thermal model for the accurate estimation of temperature distribution of induction motors. The developed model is a combination of lumped and distributed thermal parameters which are obtained from motor dimensions and other constants such as material density, specific heats, thermal conductivity, etc. The model is especially suited for the derating of induction motors operating under distorted and unbalanced supply condition. The model have been applied to a small (2hp, 415 V, 3-phase) cage rotor induction motor. The performance of the model is confirmed by experimental temperature data from the body and the conductor inside the slots of the motor.
Diagnostics of DC and Induction Motors Based on the Analysis of Acoustic Signals
Glowacz, A.
2014-10-01
In this paper, a non-invasive method of early fault diagnostics of electric motors was proposed. This method uses acoustic signals generated by electric motors. Essential features were extracted from acoustic signals of motors. A plan of study of acoustic signals of electric motors was proposed. Researches were carried out for faultless induction motor, induction motor with one faulty rotor bar, induction motor with two faulty rotor bars and flawless Direct Current, and Direct Current motor with shorted rotor coils. Researches were carried out for methods of signal processing: log area ratio coefficients, Multiple signal classification, Nearest Neighbor classifier and the Bayes classifier. A pattern creation process was carried out using 40 samples of sound. In the identification process 130 five-second test samples were used. The proposed approach will also reduce the costs of maintenance and the number of faulty motors in the industry.
Microcontroller based PWM Inverter for Speed Control of a Three Phase Induction Motor
M. A. Latif
2013-04-01
Full Text Available Three phase induction motor has proven to be an extremely reliable electromechanical energy conversion device for over 100 years. The speed control of induction motor is a crying need for the real world industrial applications. However, there are so many options available for the precise speed control of induction motor except by changingthe frequency. Therefore to achieve the goal of speed control of induction motor, there is no alternative of inverters. With the availability of high speed power semiconductor devices, the three phase inverters play the key role for variable speed ac motor drives. In addition to the speed control, the inverter can also provide some unique features, like voltage control, torque control, power factor correction, auto breaking, built in protection system and so forth.In this paper, a three phases PWM inverter using MC3PHAC microcontroller with computer interface is proposed to run a squirrel case induction motor. Some results of the proposed inverter are presented.
Modeling and Simulation of Five Phase Induction Motor using MATLAB/Simulink
Kiran S. Aher
2016-05-01
Full Text Available Three phase Induction motors are invariably used in many residential, commercial, industrial & utility applications because of low cost, reliable operation, robust operation and low maintenance. Multiphase motor drives with phase number greater than three phase leads to an improvement in the medium to high power drives application. The multiphase induction motor find application in special and critical area where high reliability is demanded such as Electric vehicles/Hybrid Electric vehicles, aerospace application, ship propulsion and locomotive traction and in high power application. This paper presents the MATLAB/Simulink implementation of Induction motor. Reference frame theory is used for simulation of the five phase induction motor. Dynamic model are employed to better understand the behavior of the induction motor in both steady state and transient state.
Effects of Linear Induction Motor Parameters in Its Optimum Design Based on Finite Element Method
Mehrdad JafarBoland
2009-03-01
Full Text Available Effective parameters in performance of linear induction motors such as air gap, number of poles and the thickness of secondary must be selected and optimized to increase power coefficients and motor performance significantly. In this paper a double sided linear induction motor in different conditions is designed and next by finite element method analyzed. Then for comparing analytical model and numerical model a linear motor using Matlab software is simulated in different condition. It is clear from the results that with optimal value of effective parameters, power losses decreased the performance of motor is improved and efficiency of linear motor is increased.
Dynamic Performance of Subway Vehicle with Linear Induction Motor System
Wu, Pingbo; Luo, Ren; Hu, Yan; Zeng, Jing
The light rail vehicle with Linear Induction Motor (LIM) bogie, which is a new type of urban rail traffic tool, has the advantages of low costs, wide applicability, low noise, simple maintenance and better dynamic behavior. This kind of vehicle, supported and guided by the wheel and rail, is not driven by the wheel/rail adhesion force, but driven by the electromagnetic force between LIM and reaction plate. In this paper, three different types of suspensions and their characteristic are discussed with considering the interactions both between wheel and rail and between LIM and reaction plate. A nonlinear mathematical model of the vehicle with LIM bogie is set up by using the software SIMPACK, and the electromechanical model is also set up on Simulink roof. Then the running behavior of the LIM vehicle is simulated, and the influence of suspension on the vehicle dynamic performance is investigated.
Fault Tolerant Robust Control Applied for Induction Motor (LMI approach
Hamouda KHECHINI
2007-09-01
Full Text Available This paper foregrounds fault tolerant robust control of uncertain dynamic linear systems in the state space representation. In fact, the industrial systems are more and more complex and the diagnosis process becomes indispensable to guarantee their surety of functioning and availability, that’s why a fault tolerant control law is imperative to achieve the diagnosis. In this paper, we address the problem of state feedback H2 /H∞ mixed with regional pole placement for linear continuous uncertain system. Sufficient conditions for feasibility are derived for a general class of convex regions of the complex plan. The conditions are presented as a collection of linear matrix inequalities (LMI 's. The efficiency and performance of this approach are then tested taking into consideration the robust control of a three- phase induction motor drive with the fluctuation of its parameters during the functioning.
Robust Adaptive Speed Control of Induction Motor Drives
Bidstrup, N.
This thesis concerns speed control of current vector controlled induction motor drives (CVC drives). The CVC drive is an existing prototype drive developed by Danfoss A/S, Transmission Division. Practical tests have revealed that the open loop dynamical properties of the CVC drive are highly...... dependent of the operating point, which is characterised by the speed and load. If the requirements to the controller performance is large, then it is difficult to maintain specified controller performance with a fixed controller, because of the open loop variations. An auto-tuner based on least squares......, (LS) identification and generalized predictive control (GPC) has been implemented and tested on the CVC drive. Allthough GPC is a robust control method, it was not possible to maintain specified controller performance in the entire operating range. This was the main reason for investigating truly...
Direct Torque Control With Feedback Linearization for Induction Motor Drives
Lascu, Cristian Vaslie; Jafarzadeh, Saeed; Fadali, Sami M.
2017-01-01
This paper describes a direct-torque-controlled (DTC) induction motor (IM) drive that employs feedback linearization and sliding-mode control (SMC). A new feedback linearization approach is proposed, which yields a decoupled linear IM model with two state variables: torque and stator flux magnitude....... This intuitive linear model is used to implement a DTC-type controller that preserves all DTC advantages and eliminates its main drawback, the flux and torque ripple. Robust, fast, and ripple-free control is achieved by using SMC with proportional control in the vicinity of the sliding surface. SMC assures...... robustness as in DTC, while the proportional component eliminates the torque and flux ripple. The torque time response is similar to conventional DTC and the proposed solution is flexible and highly tunable due to the P component. The controller design is presented, and its robust stability is analyzed...
Ventilation Structure Improvement of Induction Motor Using Multiphysics Simulations
Tao Huang
2012-09-01
Full Text Available Temperature rise analysis has significant impact in the design of air-cooled asynchronous induction motor. However, the affection cannot be accurately evaluated by using traditional empirical curves method due to the complexity of the inductor architecture. Considering Joules losses in stator windings and the induced eddy current in squirrel cages, and heat dissipation by air convection and solid conduction, in this paper a 3-D coupled-field finite-element method (FEM is investigated to demonstrate the temperature distribution. The Joules losses calculated by 3-D eddy- current field analysis are used as the input for the thermal field analysis, which is deeply dependent on accurate air fluid field analysis. A novel multi-component fluid model is employed to deal with the influence of rotor rotation upon the air convection. The simulation results show the fatal influence of the ventilation structure and the effectiveness of the proposed cooling improvement way.
Speed Regulated Continuous DTC Induction Motor Drive in Field Weakening
MATIC, P.
2011-02-01
Full Text Available The paper describes sensorless speed controlled continuous Direct Torque Control (DTC Induction Motor (IM drive in the field weakening regime. Drive comprises an inner torque loop and an outer speed loop. Torque control is based on Proportional - Integral (PI controller with adaptive Gain Scheduling (GS parameters. The GS PI control provides full DC link voltage utilization and a robust disturbance rejection along with a fast torque response. Outer speed loop has a PI regulator with the gains selected so as to obtain a fast and strictly aperiodic response. Proposed drive fully utilizes the available DC bus voltage. The paper comprises analytical considerations, simulation results, and detailed description of the implementation steps. Experimental verification of the proposed solution is conducted on a fixed point Digital Signal Processor (DSP platform.
Robust Adaptive Speed Control of Induction Motor Drives
Bidstrup, N.
This thesis concerns speed control of current vector controlled induction motor drives (CVC drives). The CVC drive is an existing prototype drive developed by Danfoss A/S, Transmission Division. Practical tests have revealed that the open loop dynamical properties of the CVC drive are highly...... dependent of the operating point, which is characterised by the speed and load. If the requirements to the controller performance is large, then it is difficult to maintain specified controller performance with a fixed controller, because of the open loop variations. An auto-tuner based on least squares......, (LS) identification and generalized predictive control (GPC) has been implemented and tested on the CVC drive. Allthough GPC is a robust control method, it was not possible to maintain specified controller performance in the entire operating range. This was the main reason for investigating truly...
Ventilation Structure Improvement of Induction Motor Using Multiphysics Simulations
Xiaowen Wu
2012-07-01
Full Text Available Temperature rise analysis has significant impact in the design of air-cooled asynchronous induction motor. However, the affection cannot be accurately evaluated by using traditional empirical curves method due to the complexity of the inductor architecture. Considering Joule’s losses in stator windings and the induced eddy current in squirrel cages, and heat dissipation by air convection and solid conduction, in this paper a 3-D coupled-field finite-element method (FEM is investigated to demonstrate the temperature distribution. The Joule’s losses calculated by 3-D eddy- current field analysis are used as the input for the thermal field analysis, which is deeply dependent on accurate air fluid field analysis. A novel multi-component fluid model is employed to deal with the influence of rotor rotation upon the air convection. The simulation results show the fatal influence of the ventilation structure and the effectiveness of the proposed cooling improvement way.
Sensorless-adaptive DTC of double star induction motor
Khedher, Adel, E-mail: Adel_kheder@yahoo.f [Institut Superieur des Sciences Appliquees et de Technologie, Cite Ibn.Khaldoun, 4003 Sousse (Tunisia); Unite de Recherche sur les Energies Renouvelables et les Vehicules Electriques (RELEV) (Tunisia); Faouzi Mimouni, Mohamed, E-mail: mfaouzi.mimouni@enim.rnu.t [Ecole Nationale d' Ingenieurs de Monastir, Cite Ibn Aljazzar, 5000 Monastir (Tunisia); Unite de Recherche sur les Reseaux et Machines Electriques (RME) (Tunisia)
2010-12-15
This paper presents a study of extension of the Direct Torque Control approach (DTC) developed by Takahashi for a double star induction motor (DSIM) and a new DTC-Space vector modulation (DTC-SVM) strategy around two dead-beat controllers. The suggested control is performed by using a sliding mode stator flux observer (SMSFO). This last allow to estimating the mechanical speed and the electromagnetic torque. To adapt in real time the rotor resistance variations according to temperature effect, the sensorless method is performed by using an adaptive algorithm which is based on the Lyapunov stability theory. Moreover, this paper treats the study of the system stability under the new suggested control. The simulation results for various scenarios operation show the high performances of the proposed control in terms of piloting effectiveness, precision, rapidity and stability for the high powers DSIM operating at variable speeds.
The advanced eccentricity and broken cage diagnostic method for medium voltage induction motors
Janda Žarko; Janković Marko; Milošević Mladen; Jovanović Blagota
2012-01-01
In the paper the comparative diagnostics of medium voltage induction motors has been presented. The methods employed are the motor current signature analysis (MCSA) and the axial leakage flux spectral analysis. All presented test procedures have been conducted on partially loaded motors, one without fault and the other with fault. Rated parameters of case study motors are 6 kV and 3.15 MW, and both motors are installed in one combined steam power plant. The reliable broken rotor bars detectio...
MAGNETIC INDUCTION DISTRIBUTION IN A LINEAR SYNCHRONUS MOTOR WITH MAGNETIC SUSPENSION
D.I. Parkhomenko
2013-02-01
Full Text Available Results of computer simulation and experimental investigations of magnetic induction distribution in a coaxial linear synchronous motor with magnetic suspension are presented. The magnetic induction distribution has been studied both in the motor air gap and on the runner surface.
Zelechowski, M.; Kazmierkowski, M.P.; Blaabjerg, Frede
2005-01-01
In this paper two different methods of PI controllers for direct torque controlled-space vector modulated induction motor drives have been studied. The first one is simple method based only on symmetric optimum criterion. The second approach takes into account the full model of induction motor in...
Multiresolution Analysis Based Effective Diagnosis of Induction Motors
Houda B.A. Sethom
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Problem statement: Effective detection and localization of unbalance voltage supply affecting an induction motor may be compromised in presence of additionnal noise. Approach: In order to overcome the non possibility of the default detection and localization in presence of noise, the use of the discrete wavelet transform and especially the MultiResolution Analysis algorithm, to remove efficiently the noise associated to the stator currents is proposed. Results: Simulation results show that the de-noised stator current is a good estimation of the non disturbed one. They show also that the default occurrence instant can be well detected starting from high frequency detail signal. Furthermore, the signal details which characterize the default are not smoothed and still characterize the default occurrence. Experimental results validate the de-noising approach efficiency and the effective unbalance detection considering the MRA technique. Conclusion: In this study, current signal denoising problem is studied in order to perform an effective detection of an unbalance voltage supply induction machine default. It can be deduced that the wavelet transform and particularly the MRA technique is a good and powerful solution for both non linear noise filtering and transient default detection. Both simulation and experimental results show clearly that the stator currents MRA allows not only to detect when the default appears but also helps to separate the useful signal from noise without affecting or suppressing the default transient information.
Photovoltaic Cell Fed 3-Phase Induction Motor Using MPPT Technique
Gudimetla Ramesh
2014-10-01
Full Text Available This Paper emphasizes on proposing a cost effective photovoltaic (PV fed 3 phase Induction motor drive which serves for rural pumping applications. Generally in a standalone system, the PV unit will charge the battery and the battery set up in turn will serve as a source for the inverter. A new single stage battery less power conversion is employed by designing a maximum power point tracker (MPPT embedded boost converter which makes the overall cost of the setup to go down considerably. The realized as a prototype consisting PV array of 500watts, MPPT aided boost converter, three phase inverter and a three phase squirrel cage induction drive of 300 watts. An efficient and low cost micro controller dspic4011 is used a platform to code and implement the prominent perturb and observe MPPT technique .Sinusoidal pulse width modulation (SPWM is the control technique employed for the three phase inverter. To validate the experimental results simulation of the whole set up is carried out in matlab /simulink environment. Simulation and hardware results reveal that the system is versatile.
Vector Control of Three-Phase Induction Motor with Two Stator Phases Open-Circuit
Seyed Hesam Asgari
2015-06-01
Full Text Available Variable frequency drives are used to provide reliable dynamic systems and significant reduction in usage of energy and costs of the induction motors. Modeling and control of faulty or an unbalanced three-phase induction motor is obviously different from healthy three-phase induction motor. Using conventional vector control techniques such as Field-Oriented Control (FOC for faulty three-phase induction motor, results in a significant torque and speed oscillation. This research presented a novel method for vector control of three-phase induction motor under fault condition (two-phase open circuit fault. The proposed method for vector control of faulty machine is based on rotor FOC method. A comparison between conventional and modified controller shows that the modified controller has been significantly reduced the torque and speed oscillations.
Recognition of Acoustic Signals of Induction Motors with the Use of MSAF10 and Bayes Classfier
Glowacz A.
2016-03-01
Full Text Available Condition monitoring of deterioration in the metallurgical equipment is essential for faultless operation of the metallurgical processes. These processes use various metallurgical equipment, such as induction motors or industrial furnaces. These devices operate continuously. Correct diagnosis and early detection of incipient faults allow to avoid accidents and help reducing financial loss. This paper deals with monitoring of rotor electrical faults of induction motor. A technique of recognition of acoustic signals of induction motors is presented. Three states of induction motor were analyzed. Studies were carried out for methods of data processing: Method of Selection of Amplitudes of Frequencies (MSAF10 and Bayes classifier. Condition monitoring is helpful to protect induction motors and metallurgical equipment. Further researches will allow to analyze other metallurgical equipment.
A Simple Fuzzy Logic Approach for Induction Motors Stator Condition Monitoring
M. Zeraoulia
2005-03-01
Full Text Available Many researches dealt with the problem of induction motors fault detection and diagnosis. The major difficulty is the lack of an accurate model that describes a fault motor. Moreover, experienced engineers are often required to interpret measurement data that are frequently inconclusive. A fuzzy logic approach may help to diagnose induction motor faults. In fact, fuzzy logic is reminiscent of human thinking processes and natural language enabling decisions to be made based on vague information. Therefore, this paper applies fuzzy logic to induction motors fault detection and diagnosis. The motor condition is described using linguistic variables. Fuzzy subsets and the corresponding membership functions describe stator current amplitudes. A knowledge base, comprising rule and data bases, is built to support the fuzzy inference. The induction motor condition is diagnosed using a compositional rule of fuzzy inference.
Implementation of Slip-Controller for Induction Motor Drive Employing Indirect Matrix Converter
K. Ganesan, S. Subamalini, A. Dhinesh
2014-04-01
Full Text Available A new scheme to design the proportional integral (PI type controller for speed control of a constant Volts/Hz (V/F three phase induction motor drive employing a matrix converter has been presented. An approximate linear model of induction motor operating in constant Volts/Hz scheme is derived and a design example of a slip controller for a three phase motor is presented. Performance of the designed controller is verified with results from simulation using Mat lab
D. Camarena-Martinez
2015-02-01
Full Text Available Detection of failures in induction motors is one of the most important concerns in industry. An unexpected fault in the induction motors can cause a loss of financial resources and waste of time that most companies cannot afford. The contribution of this paper is a fusion of the Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD and Multiple Signal Classification (MUSIC methodologies for detection of multiple combined faults which provides an accurate and effective strategy for the motor condition diagnosis.
Field assessment of induction motor efficiency through air-gap torque
Hsu, J.S.; Sorenson, P.L.
1995-11-01
Induction motors are the most popular motors used in industry. This paper further suggests the use of air-gap torque method to evaluate their efficiency and load changes. The fundamental difference between Method E and the air-gap torque method is discussed. Efficiency assessments conducted on induction motors under various conditions show the accuracy and potential of the air-gap torque method.
Variable frequency inverter for ac induction motors with torque, speed and braking control
Nola, F. J. (Inventor)
1975-01-01
A variable frequency inverter was designed for driving an ac induction motor which varies the frequency and voltage to the motor windings in response to varying torque requirements for the motor so that the applied voltage amplitude and frequency are of optimal value for any motor load and speed requirement. The slip frequency of the motor is caused to vary proportionally to the torque and feedback is provided so that the most efficient operating voltage is applied to the motor. Winding current surge is limited and a controlled negative slip causes motor braking and return of load energy to a dc power source.
The Speed Control of Constant Tension Motor of Marine Crane
Chen Xinyang
2016-01-01
Full Text Available This article describes the working principle of the marine beacon crane hanging disc mechanical anti-sway device, and establish mathematical model on the rope controlling hanging disc of mechanical anti-sway device; Through matlab simulation analysis, this article obtains the relation curve between the velocity of traction rope of hanging disc and output frequency of the crane motor, combining rotary crane scaled model, this article carries out anti-sway experiment for the rotary crane to examine the crane’s anti-sway effects.
Nonlinear Decoupling of Torque and Field Amplitude in an Induction Motor
Rasmussen, Henrik; Vadstrup, P.; Børsting, H.
1997-01-01
A novel approach to control of induction motors, based on nonlinear state feedback, is presented. The resulting scheme gives a linearized input-output decoupling of the torque and the amplitude of the field. The proposed approach is used to design controllers for the field amplitude and the motor...... torque. The method is tested both by simulation and by experiments on a motor drive....
Zbigniew Lukasik
2007-01-01
Full Text Available The article presents a method of calculating efficiency of squirrel-cage induction motor. This efficiency depends on frequency of the voltage supplied to the motor and on electrical power. Results of laboratory testing of the motor's efficiency are presented.
Siraj Ahmed T
2014-05-01
Full Text Available In this paper an experiment has been conducted to determine the online stator winding resistance of an induction motor, in industries as well as domestic purpose induction motors is largely utilized, as it has both applications of variable and constant torque operation nature. The major requirement of an electric drive system is its independent control of torque and speed; this is achieved in DC motor Drive but has more disadvantages. With the help of fast acting switching devices it is possible to independently control an induction motor. To control an induction motor drive various methods are available, direct torque control of induction motor is one of the best method of control compared to other, the only disadvantage is the torque ripple. Stator resistance is one of the parameter for the cause; hence its determination is essential. An experiment is conducted at various loads on an induction motor and then the temperature in the stator winding is noted at different instants using microcontroller, from the tabulated readings stator winding resistance is calculated and compared with the direct measurement by Volt-Ampere method. Further it is suggested that by implementing the actual online value of stator resistance of an induction motor dive torque ripple can be minimized.
V S S PAVAN KUMAR HARI; AVANISH TRIPATHI; G NARAYANAN
2017-08-01
High-performance industrial drives widely employ induction motors with position sensorless vector control (SLVC). The state-of-the-art SLVC is first reviewed in this paper. An improved design procedure for current and flux controllers is proposed for SLVC drives when the inverter delay is significant. The speed controller design in such a drive is highly sensitive to the mechanical parameters of the induction motor. These mechanical parameters change with the load coupled. This paper proposes a method to experimentally determine the moment of inertia and mechanical time constant of the induction motor drive along with the load driven. The proposed method is based on acceleration and deceleration of the motor under constant torque, which is achieved using a sensorless vector-controlled drive itself. Experimental results from a 5-hp induction motor drive are presented.
Detection of Bearing Faults of Induction Motor Using Park’s Vector Approach
Ratna Dahiya; Neelam Mehala
2010-01-01
The reliability of an induction motor is of paramount importance in industrial, commercial, aerospace and military applications. Bearing play an important role in the reliability and performance of all motor systems. Due to close relationship between motor system development and bearing assembly performance, it is difficult to imagine the progress of modern rotating machinery without consideration of the wide application of bearing. Most faults arising in motors are often linked to bearing fa...
Novel indices for broken rotor bars fault diagnosis in induction motors using wavelet transform
Ebrahimi, Bashir Mahdi; Faiz, Jawad; Lotfi-fard, S.; Pillay, P.
2012-07-01
This paper introduces novel indices for broken rotor bars diagnosis in three-phase induction motors based on wavelet coefficients of stator current in a specific frequency band. These indices enable to diagnose occurrence and determine number of broken bars in different loads precisely. Besides thanks to the suitability of wavelet transform in transient conditions, it is possible to detect the fault during the start-up of the motor. This is important in the case of start-up of large induction motors with long starting time and also motors with frequent start-up. Furthermore, broken rotor bars in induction motor are detected using spectra analysis of the stator current. It is also shown that rise of number of broken bars and load levels increases amplitude of the particular side-band components of the stator currents in the faulty case. An induction motor with 1, 2, 3 and 4 broken bars at the rated load and the motor with 4 broken bars at no-load, 33%, 66%, 100% and 133% rated load are investigated. Time stepping finite element method is used for modeling broken rotor bars faults in induction motors. In this modeling, effects of the stator winding distribution, stator and rotor slots, geometrical and physical characteristics of different parts of the motor and non-linearity of the core materials are taken into account. The simulation results are are verified by the experimental results.
An Inverter-Driven Induction Motor System with a Deadlock Breaking Capability
Ichikawa, Takuto; Yoshida, Toshiya; Miyashita, Osamu
Induction motors are very widely used in various industrial applications. In semiconductor manufacturing processes, deadlock failure of pumps may occur by the adhering of glass material contained in the gas to the rotor. This can lead to the shutdown of the manufacturing plant. Therefore, a countermeasure to prevent deadlocking of a motor is required. This paper proposes a method for generating an impulse torque in an induction motor fed by an inverter. The proposed inverter circuit is composed of a conventional inverter and a few additional relays. The on-and-off control of the relays supplies an appropriate magnetizing current and a large torque current from the dc-link capacitor. In experiment, a 1.5-kW cage-type induction motor generated a torque that was approximately seven times larger than the rated torque of the motor. This large impulse torque is useful for breaking the motor deadlock.
Integrated Cooling System for Induction Motor Traction Drives, CARAT Program Phase Two Final Report
Konrad, Charles E. [VPT, Inc., Blacksburg, VA (United States)
2002-12-03
This Program is directed toward improvements in electric vehicle/hybrid electric vehicle traction systems, and in particular, the development of a low cost, highly efficient, compact traction motor-controller system targeted for high volume automotive use. Because of the complex inter-relationships between the motor and the controller, the combination of motor and controller must be considered as a system in the design and evaluation of overall cost and performance. The induction motor is ideally suited for use as a traction motor because of its basic ruggedness, low cost, and high efficiency. As one can see in Figure 1.1, the induction motor traction drive has been continually evolving through a succession of programs spanning the past fifteen years. VPT marketed an induction motor-based traction drive system, the EV2000, which proved to be a reliable, high performance system that was used in a wide range of vehicles. The EV2000 drives evolved from the Modular Electric Vehicle Program (MEVP) and has been used in vehicles ranging in size from 3,000 lb. autos and utility vans, to 32,000 lb. city transit buses. Vehicles powered by the EV2000 induction motor powertrain have accumulated over 2 million miles of service. The EV2000 induction motor system represents 1993 state-of-the-art technology, and evolved from earlier induction motor programs that drove induction motor speeds up to 15,000 rpm to reduce the motor size and cost. It was recognized that the improvements in power density and motor cost sought in the PNGV program could only be achieved through increases in motor speed. Esson’s Rule for motor power clearly states that the power obtainable from a given motor design is the product of motor speed and volume. In order to meet the CARAT Program objectives, the maximum speed goal of the induction motor designed in this Program was increased from 15,000 rpm to 20,000 rpm while maintaining the efficiency and durability demonstrated by lower speed designs done in
FPGA-Based Implementation Direct Torque Control of Induction Motor
Saber Krim
2015-02-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes a digital implementation of the direct torque control (DTC of an Induction Motor (IM with an observation strategy on the Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA. The hardware solution based on the FPGA is caracterised by fast processing speed due to the parallel processing. In this study the FPGA is used to overcome the limitation of the software solutions (Digital Signal Processor (DSP and Microcontroller. Also, the DTC of IM has many drawbacks such as for example; The open loop pure integration has from the problems of integration especially at the low speed and the variation of the stator resistance due to the temperature. To tackle these problems we use the Sliding Mode Observer (SMO. This observer is used estimate the stator flux, the stator current and the stator resistance. The hardware implementation method is based on Xilinx System Generator (XSG which a modeling tool developed by Xilinx for the design of implemented systems on FPGA; from the design of the DTC with SMO from XSG we can automatically generate the VHDL code. The model of the DTC with SMO has been designed and simulated using XSG blocks, synthesized with Xilinx ISE 12.4 tool and implemented on Xilinx Virtex-V FPGA.
Lu, Kaiyuan; Rasmussen, Peter Omand; Ritchie, Ewen
2008-01-01
Accurate knowledge of the high frequency inductance profile plays an important role in many designs of sensorless controllers for Surface inductance. A special algorithm is used to decouple the cross-coupling effects between the d-axis and the q-axis, which allows Mounted Permanent Magnet (SMPM......) synchronous motors. This paper presents an AC+DC measurement method for determination of the d-axis and q-axis high frequency inductance profiles of SMPM synchronous motors. This method uses DC currents to set a desired magnetic working point on the motor laminations, and then superimpose balanced small AC...
Study of Energy Losses in High-Voltage Induction Motor Electric Drive
Svilen Rachev
2016-10-01
Full Text Available The dynamic behavior during operation of the high-voltage induction motor electric drive has been studied by means of mathematical model developed. The purpose is to draw out more clearly picture of operation of high-voltage induction motor drives. The system of differential equations has been transformed and solved using suitable software. As a result the values of the energy losses components in the induction motor have been obtained according to different values of supply voltage and factor of inertia. Some of the study results have been presented graphically. An analysis has been made and conclusions from the results obtained have been done.
Kallesøe, Carsten; Vadstrup, Pierre; Rasmussen, Henrik;
2006-01-01
This paper addresses the subject of inter-turn short circuit estimation in the stator of an induction motor. In the paper an adaptive observer scheme is proposed. The proposed observer is capable of simultaneously estimating the speed of the motor, the amount turns involved in the short circuit a...... derived. The efficiency of the proposed observer is demonstrated by tests performed on a test setup with a customized designed induction motor. With this motor it is possible to simulate inter-turn short circuit faults....
A.B. Chattopadhyay
2014-02-01
Full Text Available Modeling of synchronous motor plays a dominant role in designing complicated drive system for different applications, especially large blower fans etc for steel industries. As synchronous motor has no inherent starting torque generally it is started as an induction motor with the help of a damper winding and it pulls into synchronism under certain conditions. The present paper exactly concentrates on this particular zone of transition from induction motor to synchronous motor mode for a current source inverter fed synchronous motor drive system. Due to complexity of synchronous motor in terms of number of windings and finite amount of air gap saliency, direct modeling of such transition zone in time domain becomes cumbersome at the first instance of modeling. That is why the modeling in complex frequency domain (s-domain has been taken up using small perturbation model. Such a model clearly shows role of induction motor as noise function or disturbance function with respect to the open loop block diagram of synchronous motor. Such finding can be quantized in terms of important results and that is done in the present paper such that the results can help the designer for the successful design of a synchronous motor drive system.
Zhao, J.; Zheng, T. Q.; Zhang, W.; Fang, J.; Liu, Y. M.
2011-11-01
A new type high temperature superconductor linear induction motor is designed and analyzed as a prototype to ensure applicability aimed at industrial motors. Made of Bi-2223/Ag, primary windings are distributed with the double-layer concentrated structure. The motor is analyzed by 2D electromagnetic Finite Element Method to get magnetic field distribution, thrust force, vertical force and so on. The critical current of motor and the electromagnetic force are mostly decided by the leakage flux density of primary slot and by the main magnetic flux and eddy current respectively. The structural parameters of motor have a great influence on the distribution of magnetic field. Under constant currents, the properties of motor are analyzed with different slot widths, slot heights and winding turns. The properties of motor, such as the maximum slot leakage flux density, motor thrust and motor vertical force, are analyzed with different structural parameters.
Fault detection and diagnosis in induction motor using artificial intelligence technique
Khireddine M.S.
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Induction machines play a vital role in industry and there is a strong demand for their reliable and safe operation. The online monitoring of induction motors is becoming increasingly important. The main difficulty in this task is the lack of an accurate analytical model to describe a faulty motor. Faults and failures of induction machines can lead to excessive downtimes and generate large losses in terms of maintenance and lost revenues, and this motivates the examination of on-line condition monitoring. The major difficulty is the lack of an accurate model that describes a fault motor. Moreover, experienced engineers are often required to interpret measurement data that are frequently inconclusive. A fuzzy logic approach may help to diagnose induction motor faults. In fact, fuzzy logic is reminiscent of human thinking processes and natural language enabling decisions to be made based on vague information.
Nonlinear Differential Geometry Method and Its Application in Induction Motor Decoupling Control
Linyuan Fan
2016-05-01
Full Text Available An alternating current induction motor is a nonlinear, multi-variable, and strong-coupled system that is difficult to control. To address this problem, a novel control strategy based on nonlinear differential geometry theory was proposed. First, a five-order affine mathematical model for an alternating current induction motor was provided. Then, the feedback linearization method was used to realize decoupling and full linearization of the system model. Moreover, a general and simplified control law was adopted to facilitate practical applications. Finally, a controller was designed using the pole assignment method. Simulation results show that the proposed method can decouple the system model into two independent subsystems, and that the closed-loop system exhibits good dynamic and static performances. The proposed decoupling control method is useful to reduce the system complexity of an induction motor and to improve its control performance, thereby providing a new and feasible dynamic decoupling control for an alternating current induction motor.
Fuzzy Logic Based Speed Control System for ThreePhase Induction Motor
Marwan A. Badran
2013-05-01
Full Text Available Three-phase induction motors have been used in a wide range of industry applications. Using modern technology, the speed of induction motor can be easily controlled by variable frequency drives (VFDs. These drives use high speed power transistors with various switching techniques, mainly PWM schemes. For several decades, conventional control systems were applied to electric drives to control the speed of induction motor. Although conventional controllers showed good results, but they still need tuning to obtain optimum results. The recent proposed control systems use fuzzy logic controller (FLC to enhance the performance of induction motor drives. In this paper, a fuzzy logic based speed control system is presented. The proposed controller has been designed with MATLAB/SIMULINK software, and it was tested for various operating conditions including load disturbance and sudden change of reference speed. The results showed better performance of the proposed controller compared with the conventional PI controller.
Jun Di; Yu Fan; Yajing Liu; Sijia Liu; Yulong Zhu
2017-01-01
In this paper, we propose a novel variable pole pitch (VPP) electromagnetic (EM) propulsion technique using a series of ladder-slot-secondary double-sided linear induction motors (LS-secondary DLIMs...
The time and space characteristics of magnetomotive force in the cascaded linear induction motor
Dajing Zhou Jiaqing Ma Lifeng Zhao Xiao Wan Yong Zhang Yong Zhao
2013-01-01
To choose a reasonable mode of three-phase winding for the improvement of the operating efficiency of cascaded linear induction motor, the time and space characteristics of magnetomotive force were investigated...
The Model of Nonstationary Rotor Magnetic Field Observer in the Induction Motor
Burkov, Alexander; Krasilnikyants, Evgenii; Smirnov, Alexander
2011-01-01
This article is devoted to the questions, associated with observer construction for monitoring the values of rotor magnetic vector magnitude and angular deflection of induction motor oriented on bidimensional convolution on temporal and spatial actual parameters. The interrelation of induction motor breakdown torque and rotor characteristic time and transportation lag is shown. The system of rotor running stream observer on the basis of gage rotor position and stator current is put forward.
A Hybrid Solution for Load-Commutated-Inverter-Fed Induction Motor Drives
无
2005-01-01
THE load-commutated-inverter (LCI)-based induction motor drives have been traditionally used in very-high-power applications such as pumps, compressors, and fans drives. The drives are based on economical and reliable current-source inverters (CSIs) using thyristors, and rugged squirrel-cage induction motor. The merits of the LCI-based system result from the fact that it employs converter-grade thyristors and utilizes natural commutation of the thyristors.
Estimation of Mechanical Signals in Induction Motors using the Recursive Prediction Error Method
Børsting, H.; Knudsen, Morten; Rasmussen, Henrik;
1993-01-01
Sensor feedback of mechanical quantities for control applications in induction motors is troublesome and relative expensive. In this paper a recursive prediction error (RPE) method has successfully been used to estimate the angular rotor speed ........Sensor feedback of mechanical quantities for control applications in induction motors is troublesome and relative expensive. In this paper a recursive prediction error (RPE) method has successfully been used to estimate the angular rotor speed .....
Estimation of Stator winding faults in induction motors using an adaptive observer scheme
Kallesøe, C. S.; Vadstrup, P.; Rasmussen, Henrik;
2004-01-01
This paper addresses the subject of inter-turn short circuit estimation in the stator of an induction motor. In the paper an adaptive observer scheme is proposed. The proposed observer is capable of simultaneously estimating the speed of the motor, the amount turns involved in the short circuit...... and an expression of the current in the short circuit. Moreover the states of the motor are estimated, meaning that the magnetizing currents are made available even though a fault has happened in the motor. To be able to develop this observer, a model particular suitable for the chosen observer design, is also...... derived. The efficiency of the proposed observer is demonstrated by tests performed on a test setup with a customized designed induction motor. With this motor it is possible to simulate inter-turn short circuit faults....
Model of the double-rotor induction motor in terms of electromagnetic differential
Adamczyk Dominik
2016-12-01
Full Text Available The paper presents a concept, a construction, a circuit model and experimental results of the double-rotor induction motor. This type of a motor is to be implemented in the concept of the electromagnetic differential. At the same time it should fulfill the function of differential mechanism and the vehicle drive. One of the motor shafts is coupled to the direction changing mechanical transmission. The windings of the external rotor are powered by slip rings and brushes. The inner rotor has the squirrel-cage windings. The circuit model parameters were calculated based on the 7.5 kW real single-rotor induction motor (2p = 4. Experimental verification of the model was based on comparison between the mentioned single-rotor motor and double-rotor model with the outer rotor blocked. The presented results showed relatively good compliance between the model and real motor.
Estimation of Stator Winding Faults in Induction Motors using an Adaptive Observer Scheme
Kallesøe, C. S.; Vadstrup, P.; Rasmussen, Henrik
2004-01-01
This paper addresses the subject of inter-turn short circuit estimation in the stator of an induction motor. In the paper an adaptive observer scheme is proposed. The proposed observer is capable of simultaneously estimating the speed of the motor, the amount turns involved in the short circuit a...
Modelling and simulation of multiple single - phase induction motor in parallel connection
Sujitjorn, S.
2006-11-01
Full Text Available A mathematical model for parallel connected n-multiple single-phase induction motors in generalized state-space form is proposed in this paper. The motor group draws electric power from one inverter. The model is developed by the dq-frame theory and was tested against four loading scenarios in which satisfactory results were obtained.
Three-phase induction motor integrated with a magnetic frequency changer
Goleman, Ryszard. E-mail: ryszardg@eltecol.pol.lublin.pl
2003-01-01
The new solution of the high-speed induction motor model is presented. The basic structural part of the motor is magnetic circuit with non-linear elements in which the third harmonic of the flux is generated. The finite element method is used to solve the coupled equations for the magnetic field, the stator windings and conductors of the rotor.
Nonlinear decoupling of torque and field amplitude in an induction motor
Rasmussen, H. [Aalborg University, Aalborg (Denmark); Vadstrup, P.; Boersting, H. [Grundfos A/S, Bjerringbro (Denmark)
1997-12-31
A novel approach to control of induction motors, based on nonlinear state feedback, is presented. The resulting scheme gives a linearized input-output decoupling of the torque and the amplitude of the field. The proposed approach is used to design controllers for the field amplitude and the motor torque. The method is tested both by simulation and by experiments on a motor drive. (orig.) 12 refs.
Research of the multipolar induction traction frequency regulated motor
V. Ia. Bespalov
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The paper considers the application features of traction induction electric motors in transmissions of vehicles. It shows that one of important stages in their designing is to choose the number of poles. In traction electric drives engines with the raised number of poles without comprehensive assessment of such solution are often applied. The paper investigates dynamic and power characteristics of the multi-polar traction asynchronous engine (TAE designed and made for using in the individual electric drive of heavy-load wheeled cars. The basic functional elements of the model to simulate the electric drive in Matlab environment with the Simulink and SimPower Systems applications in the structure with vector control are described, and the simulation modeling results of its dynamic mechanical characteristics are provided. It is established that because of increased alternating frequency of currents of the multi-polar engine in the range of high speeds there is an excessive decrease in the torque and the requirement for constancy of the target capacity, corresponding to the specified traction characteristic is not fulfilled. It is a consequence of the waveform distortion of engine phase current in the range of high speeds because of incapability of the power source to compensate an increasing EMF of movement as the speed continues to grow.The paper studies the influence of increased current frequencies on the additional losses in the engine. The analysis of electromagnetic field penetration depth in the copper conductor of stator winding at high frequency allowed us to establish a significant skin – effect. The quantitative assessment is given to this phenomenon by results of numerical calculation of electromagnetic field distribution in a stator groove. Significant increase in additional losses in the engine is established, and estimates of flow loss extent because of damping actions of eddy currents in the laminated steel of stator at
Silva, Arlete Vieira da; Ribeiro, Elisangela do Nascimento; Tenorio, Iana Cavalcanti; Horta, Mario Marcos Brito [Centro Universitario de Belo Horizonte (UnBH), MG (Brazil)], e-mails: arlete.silva@prof.unibh.br, nr.elisangela@gmail.com, ianactenorio@gmail.com, mario_bhorta@yahoo.com.br
2011-07-01
This work has as objective the study of energy efficiency of induction motors fed by frequency inverters, since this is a practical resource that has progressively allowed the replacement of mechanical speed reducers. In this work the speed control of induction motors of the squirrel cage has steeped through the frequency inverters using scalar control. Induction motors are frequently used in industrial applications due to its simple construction, its low maintenance and reduced in size. It was possible through tests made at UNI-BH Electrical Engineering laboratory to obtain satisfactory results regarding the performance of the inverter CFW08 (WEG), speed control of induction motor. (author)
Maximization of induction motor torque in the zone of high speed of rotor using a genetic algorithm
2013-01-01
Is studied the problem of quality improving of the vector-controlled induction motor drives. Using genetic algorithm obtained a law forming of the rotor flux linkage that maximizes the torque of an induction motor with constraints voltage and stator current. Numerical studies have shown that the proposed law can significantly increase the motor torque in the area of high speed of rotor.
Speed Synchronization of Multi Induction Motors with Fuzzy Sliding Mode Control
HACHEMI Glaoui
2013-05-01
Full Text Available A continuous web winding system is a large-scale, complex interconnected dynamic system with numerous tension zones to transport the web while processing it. There are two control schemes for large-scale system control: the centralized scheme and the decentralized scheme. Centralized control is the traditional control method, which considers all the information about the system to be a single dynamic model and design a control system for this model. Aspeed synchronization control strategy for multiple induction motors, based on adjacent cross-coupling control structure, is developed by employing total sliding mode control method. The proposed controlstrategy is to stabilize speed tracking of each induction motor while synchronizing its speed with the speed of the other motors so as to make speed synchronization error amongst induction motors converge to zero. The global stability and the convergence of the designedcontroller are proved by using Lyapunov method. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.
N. Halem
2013-06-01
Full Text Available It is well known that the number of broken bars and varying load affect on the amplitudes of specific harmonic components in the process analysis of induction motors under broken rotor bars. The location of broken bars is an important factor which affects the diagnosis of the broken bars defect. In this paper the simulation is determinate for different cases for distribution of broken bars under induction motor pole in order to show the impact of broken bars location upon the amplitude of harmonic fault. The simulation results are obtained by using time stepping finite elements (TSFE method. The geometrical characteristics of motor, the effects of slotting and the magnetic saturation of lamination core are included in induction motor model.
N. Halem
2015-07-01
Full Text Available It is well known that the number of broken bars and varying load affect on the amplitudes of specific harmonic components in the process analysis of induction motors under broken rotor bars. The location of broken bars is an important factor which affects the diagnosis of the broken bars defect. In this paper the simulation is determinate for different cases for distribution of broken bars under induction motor pole in order to show the impact of broken bars location upon the amplitude of harmonic fault. The simulation results are obtained by using time stepping finite elements (TSFE method. The geometrical characteristics of motor, the effects of slotting and the magnetic saturation of lamination core are included in induction motor model.
Fuzzy-Expert Diagnostics for Detecting and Locating Internal Faults in Three Phase Induction Motors
DONG Mingchui; CHEANG Takson; SEKAR Booma Devi; CHAN Sileong
2008-01-01
Internal faults in three phase induction motors can result in serious performance degradation and eventual system failures if not properly detected and treated in time. Artificial intelligence techniques, the core of soft-computing, have numerous advantages over conventional fault diagnostic approaches; therefore, a soft-computing system was developed to detect and diagnose electric motor faults. The fault diagnostic system for three-phase induction motors samples the fault symptoms and then uses a fuzzy-expert forward inference model to identify the fault. This paper describes how to define the membership functions and fuzzy sets based on the fault symptoms and how to construct the hierarchical fuzzy inference nets with the propagation of probabilities concerning the uncertainty of faults. The designed hierarchical fuzzy inference nets efficiently detect and diagnose the fault type and exact location in a three phase induction motor. The validity and effectiveness of this approach is clearly shown from obtained testing results.
Fatih Korkmaz
2013-11-01
Full Text Available The induction motors are indispensable motor types for industrial applications due to its wellknown advantages. Therefore, many kind of control scheme are proposed for induction motors over the past years and direct torque control has gained great importance inside of them due to fast dynamic torque response behavior and simple control structure. This paper suggests a new approach on the direct torque controlled induction motors, Fuzzy logic based space vector modulation, to overcome disadvantages of conventional direct torque control like high torque ripple. In the proposed approach, optimum switching states are calculated by fuzzy logic controller and applied by space vector pulse width modulator to voltage source inverter. In order to test and compare the proposed DTC scheme with conventional DTC scheme simulations, in Matlab/Simulink, have been carried out in different speed and load conditions. The simulation results showed that a significant improvement in the dynamic torque and speed responses when compared to the conventional DTC scheme.
On-Line Broken-Bar Fault Diagnosis System of Induction Motor
ZHANG Rong; WANG Xiuhe
2008-01-01
Induction motor faults including mechanical and electrical faults are reviewed. The fault diagnosis methods are summarized. To analyze the influence of stator current, torque, speed and rotor current on faulted bars, a time-stepping transient finite element (FE) model of induction motor with bars faulted is created in this paper. With wavelet package analysis method and FFT method, the simulation result of finite element is analyzed. Based on the simulation analysis, the on-line fault diagnosis system of induction motor with bars faulted is developed. With the speed of broken bars motor changed from 1 478 r/min to 1 445 r/min, the FFT power spectra and the wavelet package decoupling factors are given. The comparison result shows that the on-line diagnosis system can detect broken-bar fault efficiently.
An Asymmetrical Space Vector Method for Single Phase Induction Motor
Cui, Yuanhai; Blaabjerg, Frede; Andersen, Gert Karmisholt
2002-01-01
the motor torque performance is not good enough. This paper addresses a new control method, an asymmetrical space vector method with PWM modulation, also a three-phase inverter is used for the main winding and the auxiliary winding. This method with PWM modulation is implemented to control the motor speed...
Seera, Manjeevan; Lim, Chee Peng; Ishak, Dahaman; Singh, Harapajan
2012-01-01
In this paper, a novel approach to detect and classify comprehensive fault conditions of induction motors using a hybrid fuzzy min-max (FMM) neural network and classification and regression tree (CART) is proposed. The hybrid model, known as FMM-CART, exploits the advantages of both FMM and CART for undertaking data classification and rule extraction problems. A series of real experiments is conducted, whereby the motor current signature analysis method is applied to form a database comprising stator current signatures under different motor conditions. The signal harmonics from the power spectral density are extracted as discriminative input features for fault detection and classification with FMM-CART. A comprehensive list of induction motor fault conditions, viz., broken rotor bars, unbalanced voltages, stator winding faults, and eccentricity problems, has been successfully classified using FMM-CART with good accuracy rates. The results are comparable, if not better, than those reported in the literature. Useful explanatory rules in the form of a decision tree are also elicited from FMM-CART to analyze and understand different fault conditions of induction motors.
Fault Diagnosis of Low-Power Three-Phase Induction Motor
Gedzurs Aleksejs
2016-12-01
Full Text Available An Induction motor reliability survey at an egg processing plant shows that almost 50% of the total motor failures are fan induction motors. Visual investigations of the faulty fan motors show that the main cause of the induction motor failure is air gap eccentricity. In this study, experimental tests are performed on a 1.1kW three-phase induction motor to detect air gap eccentricity and overheating of the induction motor. Heating tests show that end shield housing temperature reaches 100°C with blocked air flow from the fan, which can reduce the lifespan of the bearing. Dimension measurements of the end shield housing show that the dimensions of both tested motors back-end shields are larger than ISO tolerance grade limit. It leads to a loose fit between the housing and bearing, causing air gap eccentricity. Also, both motor back end shield housing has an out-of-round condition leading to an unbalanced magnetic pull. To detect the air gap eccentricity caused by too loose of a fit between housing bore and bearing, current Park’s vector approach is used. To measure three phase current, Hall Effect current transducers, a digital oscilloscope is used and Matlab software to process the measurement data. Results show that Park’s vector approach can be used to detect the air gap eccentricity caused by too loose a fit between bearing and housing. Therefore, the Park’s vector approach can be used to diagnose air gap eccentricity and analyse the type of the air gap eccentricity.
Sensorless Vector Control of AC Induction Motor Using Sliding-Mode Observer
Phuc Thinh Doan
2013-06-01
Full Text Available This paper develops a sensorless vector controlled method for AC induction motor using sliding-mode observer. For developing the control algorithm, modeling of AC induction motor is presented. After that, a sliding mode observer is proposed to estimate the motor speed, the rotor flux, the angular position of the rotor flux and the motor torque from monitored stator voltages and currents. The use of the nonlinear sliding mode observer provides very good performance for both low and high speed motor operation. Furthermore, the proposed system is robust in motor losses and load variations. The convergence of the proposed observer is obtained using the Lyapunov theory. Hardware and software for simulation and experiment of the AC induction motor drive are introduced. The hardware consists of a 1.5kw AC induction motor connected in series with a torque sensor and a powder brake. A controller is developed based on DSP TMS320F28355. The simulation and experimental results illustrate that fast torque and speed response with small torque ripples can be achieved. The proposed control scheme is suitable to the application fields that require high performance of torque response such as electric vehicles. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.12777/ijse.4.2.2013.39-43 [How to cite this article: Doan, P. T., Nguyen, T. T., Jeong, S. K., Oh, S. J., & Kim, S. B. (2013. Sensorless Vector Control of AC Induction Motor Using Sliding-Mode Observer. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING, 4(2, 39-43; doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12777/ijse.4.2.2013.39-43
Observer-based estimation of stator-winding faults in delta-connected induction motors
Skovemose Kallesøe, Carsten; Izadi-Zamanabadi, Roozbeh; Vadstrup, Pierre;
2007-01-01
This paper addresses the subject of interturn short circuit estimation in the stator of a delta-connected induction motor. In this paper, an adaptive observer scheme is proposed. The proposed observer is capable of simultaneously estimating the speed of the motor, the amount turns involved...... of the proposed observer is demonstrated by tests performed on a test setup with a customized designed induction motor. With this motor it is possible to simulate interturn short-circuit faults....... in the short circuit, and an expression of the current in the short circuit. Moreover, the currents are made available even though a fault has occurred in the motor. To be able to develop this observer, a model that is particularly suitable for the chosen observer design, is also derived. The effeciency...
2D finite element analysis and force calculations for induction motors with broken bars
Hanafy Hassan Hanafy
2014-06-01
Full Text Available In this paper an ABC transient model of the three phase induction motor is developed that depends on self- and mutual inductance calculations based on accurate finite element analysis (FEA. This model can represent both healthy and broken bars’ conditions. The effects of that type of fault on the stator current, rotor bar currents distribution, the forces exerted on the rotor bars, the motor speed and motor torque are studied. It was observed that broken bar faults will cause fluctuations in the stator peak current and in the motor speed and torque. It was found that the asymmetry in the rotor bar currents will lead to asymmetrical distribution of the radial and tangential forces affecting the bars. The asymmetry in the tangential forces causes the fluctuations in the motor torque, while the asymmetry in the radial forces will increase the mechanical stresses on the rotor shaft.
Li, Dong; Wen, Yinghong; Li, Weili; Fang, Jin; Cao, Junci; Zhang, Xiaochen; Lv, Gang
2017-03-01
In the paper, the numerical method calculating asymmetric primary slot leakage inductances of Single-sided High-Temperature Superconducting (HTS) Linear Induction Motor (HTS LIM) is presented. The mathematical and geometric models of three-dimensional nonlinear transient electromagnetic field are established and the boundary conditions are also given. The established model is solved by time-stepping Finite Element Method (FEM). Then, the three-phase asymmetric primary slot leakage inductances under different operation conditions are calculated by using the obtained electromagnetic field distribution. The influences of the special effects such as longitudinal end effects, transversal edge effects, etc. on the primary slot leakage inductance are investigated. The presented numerical method is validated by experiments carried out on a 3.5 kW prototype with copper wires which has the same structures with the HTS LIM.
ANALYSIS OF INDUCTION MOTOR WITH BROKEN BARS AND ...
represents the electrical sources and circuit components are coupled to the FEM. Only the terminal voltages applied to the motor are required as known input ... coupled electric circuit with 2D finite element electromagnetic field analysis. The.
Increasing induction motors efficiency by reducing electromagnetic loads
Olivian Chiver; Liviu Neamt; Eleonora Pop
2014-01-01
The efficiency of any device is a major problem today. The design and construction of high efficiency motors is strongly required from the viewpoint of reducing energy consumption and protecting the environment...
High-performance adaptive intelligent Direct Torque Control schemes for induction motor drives
Vasudevan M.
2005-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a detailed comparison between viable adaptive intelligent torque control strategies of induction motor, emphasizing advantages and disadvantages. The scope of this paper is to choose an adaptive intelligent controller for induction motor drive proposed for high performance applications. Induction motors are characterized by complex, highly non-linear, time varying dynamics, inaccessibility of some states and output for measurements and hence can be considered as a challenging engineering problem. The advent of torque and flux control techniques have partially solved induction motor control problems, because they are sensitive to drive parameter variations and performance may deteriorate if conventional controllers are used. Intelligent controllers are considered as potential candidates for such an application. In this paper, the performance of the various sensor less intelligent Direct Torque Control (DTC techniques of Induction motor such as neural network, fuzzy and genetic algorithm based torque controllers are evaluated. Adaptive intelligent techniques are applied to achieve high performance decoupled flux and torque control. This paper contributes: i Development of Neural network algorithm for state selection in DTC; ii Development of new algorithm for state selection using Genetic algorithm principle; and iii Development of Fuzzy based DTC. Simulations have been performed using the trained state selector neural network instead of conventional DTC and Fuzzy controller instead of conventional DTC controller. The results show agreement with those of the conventional DTC.
The use of a special software for induction motor diagnostics in the diamond industry
Shevchuk Vladislav A.
2017-01-01
Full Text Available The field of induction motor application in the diamond industry has considerably increased due to the transition to the underground mining method. This article is devoted to the research the induction motor diagnostic technique in the diamond industry using special software. The practice shows that unreliability of induction motors causes some serious economic losses related to the expenses on premature maintenance and idle time. This article is devoted to the research of diagnostic technique of induction motors in the diamond industry using a special software. The article presents some data obtained in the course of the research conducted at an industrial site of the diamond company “ALROSA” in Mirny using the vibration-based diagnostics. Thus, based on the analysis of the findings some recommendations concerning the improvement of maintenance and servicing system have been given. The use of these recommendations allows assessing the operational reliability of induction motors in the diamond industry, minimizing the risk of sudden failures and reducing the maintenance and repair expenses.
A Novel BLDC-Like DTC Control Technique for Induction Motors
Andrea Rossi
2012-01-01
Full Text Available DC brushless motors are widely adopted for their simplicity of control, even in sensorless configuration, and their high torque density. On the other hand, induction motors are very economical due to the absence of permanent magnets; for the same reason they can easily be driven in the flux-weakening region to attain a wide speed range. Nevertheless, high dynamic induction motors drives, based on field-oriented (FOC or predictive control, require large amounts of computing power and are rather sensitive to motor parameter variations. This paper presents a simple DTC induction motor control algorithm based on a well-known BLDC control technique, which allows to realize a high dynamic induction motor speed control with wide speed range. The firmware implementation is very compact and occupies a low amount of program memory, comparable to volt-per-Hertz- (V/f- based control algorithms. The novel control algorithm presents also good performance and low current ripple and can be implemented on a low-cost motion control DSP without resorting to high-frequency PWM.
High Performance Speed Sensorless Control of Three-Phase Induction Motor Based on Cloud Computing
Z. M. Salem
2012-10-01
Full Text Available Induction motor is a cast of alternating current motor where charge endures allotted to the rotor close-at-hand deputation of conductive charge. These motors are broadly applied in industrial claim due to they are arduous along with adhere no contacts. The speed controller of deltoid phase induction motor is applied to alleviate the aberration of speed. The central constructivist of this paper is to accrue the performance of speed sensorless control of three phase induction motor. To increase its performance, this paper presents a modified method for speed controller of an indirect vector-controlled induction motor drive using cloud computing technique. Our methodology depends on speed sensorless scheme to obtain the speed signal feedback; the speed estimator is based on model reference adaptive control that uses the stator current and rotor flux as state variables for estimating the speed. In this method, the stator current error is represented as a function of first degree of the estimated speed error. An analysis and simulation of the tried algorithm is birthed and applied easing a TMS320C31 floating-point notational alert Processor. And accumulate the action of the three phase induction motor we conceived our appraisals affixed to the accountant based on cloud computing tactics. This intelligent policy uses the guidelines of the speed controller efficiently. Simulation and experimental results depicted that the motor speed is decelerated articulately to destine its illusion apprise without above and inferior smack and with about zero steady state error. The apprised accelerate alert and its dispatching buoy amassed off line from burlesque. After effects display an advantageous affinity among the accounted speed alert and it's dispatching allocated as well as aped speed flares
Detection of Stator Winding Fault in Induction Motor Using Fuzzy Logic with Optimal Rules
Hamid Fekri Azgomi
2013-04-01
Full Text Available Induction motors are critical components in many industrial processes. Therefore, swift, precise and reliable monitoring and fault detection systems are required to prevent any further damages. The online monitoring of induction motors has been becoming increasingly important. The main difficulty in this task is the lack of an accurate analytical model to describe a faulty motor. A fuzzy logic approach may help to diagnose traction motor faults. This paper presents a simple method for the detection of stator winding faults (which make up 38% of induction motor failures based on monitoring the line/terminal current amplitudes. In this method, fuzzy logic is used to make decisions about the stator motor condition. In fact, fuzzy logic is reminiscent of human thinking processes and natural language enabling decisions to be made based on vague information. The motor condition is described using linguistic variables. Fuzzy subsets and the corresponding membership functions describe stator current amplitudes. A knowledge base, comprising rule and data bases, is built to support the fuzzy inference. Simulation results are presented to verify the accuracy of motor’s fault detection and knowledge extraction feasibility. The preliminary results show that the proposed fuzzy approach can be used for accurate stator fault diagnosis.
Analysis of voltage unbalance effects on induction motors with open and closed slots
Donolo, Pablo, E-mail: pdonolo@gmail.co [Grupo de Electronica Aplicada, Fac. de Ingenieria, Universidad Nacional de Rio Cuarto, Ruta Nac. 36 Km 601 (X5804BYA), Rio Cuarto, Cordoba (Argentina); Bossio, Guillermo, E-mail: gbossio@ieee.or [Grupo de Electronica Aplicada, Fac. de Ingenieria, Universidad Nacional de Rio Cuarto, Ruta Nac. 36 Km 601 (X5804BYA), Rio Cuarto, Cordoba (Argentina); De Angelo, Cristian, E-mail: cdeangelo@ieee.or [Grupo de Electronica Aplicada, Fac. de Ingenieria, Universidad Nacional de Rio Cuarto, Ruta Nac. 36 Km 601 (X5804BYA), Rio Cuarto, Cordoba (Argentina)
2011-05-15
Research highlights: {yields} We study the increase of losses in the induction motor (IM) with voltage unbalance. {yields} We take into account the variations in the negative-sequence impedance of the rotor. {yields} We analyze the performance in IM with open and closed rotor slots. {yields} For both type of rotors, we get the derating factor for different levels of unbalance. {yields} IM with closed-slot are less affected by voltage unbalance than open-slot ones. -- Abstract: This paper aims to complement studies concerning the influence of voltage unbalance on the performance of induction motors. We use sequence equivalent circuits to determine the increase of losses in the induction motor. We take into account the dependence of the rotor negative-sequence reactance with the load state and the increase in rotor resistance with the negative-sequence currents. Variations in the negative-sequence impedance are related with the structural characteristics of the rotor. We analyze motors with open and closed rotor slots, because the impedance of rotors with closed slots grows considerably when the load is less than rated, producing lower negative-sequence currents and lower losses. Increased rotor impedance in closed slot motors protects these motors against problems due to unbalanced supply voltage. For both type of rotors, we analyze motor derating factor based on voltage unbalance and increases in total losses and rotor losses.
The Mechanism Study of Alternating Arc(ACMagnetic Levitation Induction Motor
Li Zeng
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Magnetic levitation (no bearings motor by using magnetic force to make rotor suspend and drive realize its high or ultra-high speed rotating. The stator’s structure of traditional no bearing magnetic levitation motor is double winding which is polar logarithmic difference 1 of 2 sets of winding (torque winding and suspension winding and embedded in the stator. Using two inverter respectively for the two sets of winding to go into the same frequency current in order to realize the suspension of the rotor and motor’s driven, small carrying capacity of motor’s structure, controlling complex system. This paper based on the traditional motor technology puts forward a kind of arc principle and respectively decorates two arc motors in horizontal and vertical direction symmetric to rotor according to the electromagnetic bearing suspension technology that is constituted the arc magnetic levitation induction motor. Establishing air-gap transformation regular between rotor and stator (air-gap length motor is under the effect of interference. Based on the electromagnetic theory establishing distribution regular of the air-gap magnetic induction intensity. Virtual displacement principle is used to establish electromagnetism mathematical model and motor electromagnetism levitation. By the finite element analysis carrying on simulation research to the magnetic induction intensity, electric magnetic levitation force and distribution features of electromagnetic torque and so on.
Ignacio Romero-Rueda
2012-09-01
Full Text Available La caracterización energética de motores de inducción se dificulta por el volumen de mediciones y cálculo a realizar cuando el número de motores es superior a la decena. En este trabajo se desarrolló un modelo de motor de inducción agregado que permite la caracterización energética equivalente al grupo de motores. El modelo de motor de inducción agregado se obtuvo por balance de potencia entre el equivalente y los motores individuales en régimen estacionario. Se utilizó la herramienta SimPowerSystem de MATLAB en la simulación del motor agregado y los motores individuales para determinar el comportamiento energético ante las cargas acopladas y comparar los resultados. Los cambios en las cargas de los motores individuales originaron respuestas en las magnitudes del motor agregado con errores menores del 5 % comparada con las respuestas resultantes del grupo de motores, concluyendo que el agregado respondió satisfactoriamente y existe una equivalencia con fines energéticos al grupo de motores.Palabras claves: motor de inducción, motor de inducción agregado, caracterización energética.______________________________________________________________________________AbstractThe energetic characterization of induction motors is difficult by the volume of measurement and calculation to carry out when the number of motors is bigger than the tens. In this work developed a model of aggregate induction motor that allows the equivalent energy characterization to a group of motors. Themodel of aggregate induction motor was obtained by the balance of powers between the equivalent one and the individual motors in steady-state. Used the toolbox SimPowerSystem of MATLAB the aggregate motor and the individual motors are simulated, to determine the energy behavior before the coupled loadsand to compare the results. Changes in the individual motors loads originated answers in the magnitudes of the motor aggregate with errors smaller than 5% compared
Speed Control of Induction Motor Using PLC and SCADA System
Ayman Seksak Elsaid,
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Automation or automatic control is the use of various control systems for operating equipment such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers and heat-treating ovens, switching in telephone networks, steering and stabilization of ships, aircraft and other applications with minimal or reduced human intervention. Some processes have been completely automated. The motor speed is controlled via the driver as an open loop control. To make a more precise closed loop control of motor speed we will use a tachometer to measure the speed and feed it back to the PLC, which compares to the desired value and take a control action, then the signal is transferred to the motor – via driver – to increase / decrease the speed. We will measure the speed of the motor using an incremental rotary encoder by adjusting parameters (PLC, driver and also we need to reduce the overall cost of the system. Our control system will be held using the available Siemens PLC. In addition, we will monitor motor parameters via SCADA system.
Enhanced Simulink Induction Motor Model for Education and Maintenance Training
Manuel Pineda-Sanchez
2012-04-01
Full Text Available The training of technicians in maintenance requires the use of signals produced by faulty machines in different operating conditions, which are difficult to obtain either from the industry or through destructive testing. Some tasks in electricity and control courses can also be complemented by an interactive induction machine model having a wider internal parameter configuration. This paper presents a new analytical model of induction machine under fault, which is able to simulate induction machines with rotor asymmetries and eccentricity in different load conditions, both stationary and transient states and yielding magnitudes such as currents, speed and torque. This model is faster computationally than the traditional method of simulating induction machine faults based on the Finite Element Method and also than other analytical models due to the rapid calculation of the inductances. The model is presented in Simulink by Matlab for the comprehension and interactivity with the students or lecturers and also to allow the easy combination of the effect of the fault with external influences, studying their consequences on a determined load or control system. An associated diagnosis tool is also presented.
Mosallanejad, Ali; Shoulaie, Abbas
2011-07-01
This paper reports a study of coil inductance profile in all positions of plunger in tubular linear reluctance motors (TLRMs) with open type magnetic circuits. In this paper, maximum inductance calculation methods in winding of tubular linear reluctance motors are described based on energy method. Furthermore, in order to calculate the maximum inductance, equivalent permeability is measured. Electromagnetic finite-element analysis for simulation and calculation of coil inductance in this motor is used. Simulation results of coil inductance calculation using 3-D FEM with coil current excitation is compared to theoretical and experimental results. The comparison yields a good agreement.
A speed estimation unit for induction motors based on adaptive linear combiner
Marei, Mostafa I.; Shaaban, Mostafa F.; El-Sattar, Ahmed A. [Department of Electrical Power and Machines, Faculty of Engineering, Ain Shams University, Cairo 11517 (Egypt)
2009-07-15
This paper presents a new induction motor speed estimation technique, which can estimate the rotor resistance as well, from the measured voltage and current signals. Moreover, the paper utilizes a novel adaptive linear combiner (ADALINE) structure for speed and rotor resistance estimations. This structure can deal with the multi-output systems and it is called MO-ADALINE. The model of the induction motor is arranged in a linear form, in the stationary reference frame, to cope with the proposed speed estimator. There are many advantages of the proposed unit such as wide speed range capability, immunity against harmonics of measured waveforms, and precise estimation of the speed and the rotor resistance at different dynamic changes. Different types of induction motor drive systems are used to evaluate the dynamic performance and to examine the accuracy of the proposed unit for speed and rotor resistance estimation. (author)
Detection of outer raceway bearing defects in small induction motors using stator current analysis
İzzet Y Önel; K Burak Dalci; İbrahim Senol
2005-12-01
We investigate the application of induction motor stator current spectral analysis (MCSA) for detection of rolling element bearing damage from the outer raceway. In this work, MCSA and vibration analysis are applied to induction motor to detect outer raceway defects in faulty bearings. Data acquisition, recording,and fast fourier transform (FFT) algorithms are done by using the LabVIEW programming language. Experimental results verify the relationship between vibration analysis and MCSA, and identify the presence of outer raceway bearing defects in induction machines. This work also indicates that detecting fault frequencies by motor currents is more difﬁcult than detecting them by vibration analysis. The use of intensive resolution FFT is recommended in MCSA for detecting faults easily. Reinstalling a faulty bearing can alter the characteristic frequencies and it is difficult to compare results from different bearings or even from the same bearing in different installations.
Support vector machine used to diagnose the fault of rotor broken bars of induction motors
Zhitong, Cao; Jiazhong, Fang; Hongpingn, Chen
2003-01-01
from the SLT. Here we were done some analogical experiments of the rotor broken bar faults of induction motors used, analyzed the signals of the sample currents with Fourier transform, and constructed the spectrum characteristics from low frequency to high frequency used as learning sample vectors...... for the SVM. After a SVM is trained with learning sample vectors, so each kind of the rotor broken bar faults of induction motors can be classified. Finally the retest is demonstrated, which proves that the SVM really has preferable ability of classification. In this paper we tried applying the SVM...... to diagnose the faults of induction motors, and the results suggested that the SVM could yet be regarded as a new method in the fault diagnosis....
Jairo Blanco
2011-07-01
Full Text Available This article presents an analysis of voltage sag propagation. The ATPDraw tool was selected for simulating the IEEE 34 node test feeder. It takes into account both voltage sags caused by electrical fault network, as well as voltage sag propagation characteristics caused by induction motor starting and transformer energising. The analysis was aimed at assessing the influence of transformer winding connections, the impedance of these transformers, lines and cables, summarising the effects on disturbance magnitude and phase. The study shows that the influence of an induction motor on voltage sag propagation results in increased voltage sag severity. Voltage sags caused by induction motor starting and transformer energising have no zero-sequence component, so they are only affected by type 3 transformers. The influence of fault resistance on voltage sag magnitude and phase characteristics is examined and some aspects of interest in characterising these electromagnetic disturbances is identified.
Parameters estimation of squirrel-cage induction motors using ANN and ANFIS
Mehdi Ahmadi Jirdehi
2016-03-01
Full Text Available In the transient behavior analysis of a squirrel-cage induction motor, the parameters of the single-cage and double-cage models are studied. These parameters are usually hard to obtain. This paper presents two new methods to predict the induction motor parameters in the single-cage and double-cage models based on artificial neural network (ANN and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS. For this purpose, the experimental data (manufacturer data of 20 induction motors with the different power are used. The experimental data are including of the starting torque and current, maximum torque, full load sleep, efficiency, rated active power and reactive power. The obtained results from the proposed ANN and ANFIS models are compared with each other and with the experimental data, which show a good agreement between the predicted values and the experimental data. But the proposed ANFIS model is more accurate than the proposed ANN model.
M. S. MANNA
2011-12-01
Full Text Available The development of electromagnetic devices as machines, transformers, heating devices confronts the engineers with several problems. For the design of an optimized geometry and the prediction of the operational behaviour an accurate knowledge of the dependencies of the field quantities inside the magnetic circuits is necessary. This paper provides the eddy current and core flux density distribution analysis in linear induction motor. Magnetic flux in the air gap of the Linear Induction Motor (LIM is reduced to various losses such as end effects, fringes, effect, skin effects etc. The finite element based software package COMSOL Multiphysics Inc. USA is used to get the reliable and accurate computational results for optimization the performance of Linear Induction Motor (LIM. The geometrical characteristics of LIM are varied to find the optimal point of thrust and minimum flux leakage during static and dynamic conditions.
Implementation of DSP Based Cost Effective Inverter Fed Induction Motor Drive with VisSim
Mohanty, Nalin K.; Muthu, Ranganath
2012-03-01
The implementation of a Digital Signal Processor (DSP) based high-performance cost effective fed Induction Motor drive with VisSim/Embedded Controls Developer (ECD) is presented in this paper. In the experimental work VisSim/ECD software automatically converts the in built block diagram to C code and compiles, links, and downloads the code to DSP processor TMS320F2812. The DSP processor generates the required PWM to a cost effective ie four switch 3-phase (FSTPI) inverter. The power circuit of FSTPI fed drive system consists of an IGBT based FSTPI bridge inverter module feeding to a 5 hp three-phase squirrel cage induction motor. In this work the speed of induction motor output is shown by the GUI of VisSim/ECD and SPWM pulses, line voltages and line current output curves are shown using digital storage oscilloscope to demonstrate the feasibility of the system.
Speed Estimators Using Stator Resistance Adaptation for Sensorless Induction Motor Drive
Hau Huu Vo
2016-01-01
Full Text Available The paper describes speed estimators for a speed sensorless induction motor drive with the direct torque and flux control. However, the accuracy of the direct torque control depends on the correct information of the stator resistance, because its value varies with working conditions of the induction motor. Hence, a stator resistance adaptation is necessary. Two techniques were developed for solving this problem: model reference adaptive system based scheme and artificial neural network based scheme. At first, the sensorless control structures of the induction motor drive were implemented in Matlab-Simulink environment. Then, a comparison is done by evaluating the rotor speed difference. The simulation results confirm that speed estimators and adaptation techniques are simple to simulate and experiment. By comparison of both speed estimators and both adaptation techniques, the current based model reference adaptive system estimator with the artificial neural network based adaptation technique gives higher accuracy of the speed estimation.
A thermal network model for induction motors of hermetic reciprocating compressors
Dutra, T.; Deschamps, C. J.
2015-08-01
This paper describes a simulation model for small reciprocating compressors with emphasis on the electrical motor modelling. Heat transfer is solved through algebraic equations derived from lumped thermal energy balances applied to the compressor components. Thermal conductances between the motor components are characterized via a thermal network model. The single-phase induction motor is modelled via an equivalent circuit, allowing predictions for the motor performance and distributed losses. The predicted temperature distribution is used to evaluate the stator and rotor windings resistances. The thermal and electric models are solved in a coupled manner with a model for the compression cycle. Predictions of temperature distribution, motor efficiency, as well as isentropic and volumetric efficiencies, are compared with experimental data at different operating conditions. The model is then applied to analyse the motor temperature as a function of input voltage and stator wire diameter.
Kolla, Sri R; Altman, Shawn D
2007-04-01
This paper presents results from the implementation and testing of a PC based monitoring and fault identification scheme for a three-phase induction motor using artificial neural networks (ANNs). To accomplish the task, a hardware system is designed and built to acquire three-phase voltages and currents from a 1/3 HP squirrel-cage, three-phase induction motor. A software program is written to read the voltages and currents, which are first used to train a feed-forward neural network structure using the JavaNNS program. The trained network is placed in a LabVIEW based program formula node that monitors the voltages and currents online and displays the fault conditions and turns the motor off. The complete system is successfully tested in real time by creating different faults on the motor.
Nagao, K.; Nakamura, T.; Nishimura, T.; Ogama, Y.; Kashima, N.; Nagaya, S.; Suzuki, K.; Izumi, T.; Shiohara, Y.
2008-01-01
A high Tc superconducting induction/synchronous motor (HTS-ISM) is designed, fabricated and tested with the use of YBCO coated conductors for rotor bars. The structure of this motor is the same with that of the squirrel-cage induction motor. The YBCO coated conductor, 10 mm in width, is produced by means of the MOCVD process, and then such tape is divided into four pieces by using a laser cutting machine. Four cut tapes are bundled for one rotor bar, and commercialized Bi-2223/Ag tapes are utilized for end rings. The fabricated HTS rotor is installed in a conventional stator, and then various tests are carried out in liquid nitrogen. It is successfully observed that the fabricated YBCO HTS-ISM has a synchronous torque. The motor also has an almost constant torque curve because of the steep take-off of the electric field versus current density property. Detailed test results are reported and discussed.
Rotor Speed and Stator Resistance Identification Scheme for Sensorless Induction Motor Drives
Xinzhi Liu
2013-01-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes a rotor speed identification method for sensorless induction motor drives based on a model reference adaptive system (MRAS. In this scheme, the error between estimated stator current and real stator current is regarded as the system error to estimate the rotor speed. Adaptive full-order flux observers for estimating the rotor speed are developed using Lyapunov’s stability theory. The stator resistance identification algorithm is developed with rotor speed estimating method in a systematic manner. Because of the stator resistance varies with inner temperature of the motor, the influence of motor speed estimation due to stator resistance identification error is analyzed. The error compensation method for stator resistance estimation is also proposed. Simulation and experimental results show the good performance for the proposed scheme in speed and robustness for sensorless induction motor drives.
Influence of magnetic saturation effects on the fault detection of induction motors
Drozdowski Piotr
2014-09-01
Full Text Available In this paper, the influence of impact damage to the induction motors on the zero-sequence voltage and its spectrum is presented. The signals detecting the damages result from a detailed analysis of the formula describing this voltage component which is induced in the stator windings due to core magnetic saturation and the discrete displacement of windings. Its course is affected by the operation of both the stator and the rotor. Other fault detection methods, are known and widely applied by analysing the spectrum of stator currents. The presented method may be a complement to other methods because of the ease of measurements of the zero voltage for star connected motors. Additionally, for converter fed motors the zero sequence voltage eliminates higher time harmonics displaced by 120 degrees. The results of the method application are presented through measurements and explained by the use of a mathematical model of the slip-ring induction motor
Rajagopal, Karthikeyan; Karthikeyan, Anitha; Duraisamy, Prakash
2016-12-01
In this paper we investigate the control of three-dimensional non-autonomous fractional-order model of a permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) and PI controlled fractional order Induction motor via recursive extended back stepping control technique. A robust generalized weighted controllers are derived to suppress the chaotic oscillations of the fractional order model. As the direct Lyapunov stability analysis of the controller is difficult for a fractional order first derivative, we have derived a new lemma to analyze the stability of the system. Numerical simulations of the proposed chaos suppression methodology are given to prove the analytical results.
A.B. Chattopadhyay
2014-10-01
Full Text Available Modeling of synchronous motor plays a dominant role in designing complicated drive system for different applications, especially large blower fans etc., for steel industries. As synchronous motor has no inherent starting torque generally it is started as an induction motor with the help of a damper winding and it pulls into synchronism under certain conditions. The present study exactly concentrates on this particular zone of transition from induction motor to synchronous motor mode for a current source inverter fed synchronous motor drive system. Due to complexity of synchronous motor in terms of number of windings and finite amount of air gap saliency, direct modeling of such transition zone in time domain becomes cumbersome at the first instance of modeling. That is why firstly the modeling is presented in complex frequency domain and then the time domain modeling is obtained by applying inverse Laplace transform technique. Apparently it seems to be a straight forward mathematical treatment but involvement of Convolution Integral for converting the formulation from s-domain to time domain becomes a matter of interest and it may draw the attention of various researchers working in this area. Furthermore the time domain response of the disturbance function may help a designer to fix up the time instant when the pull in phenomenon will be imposed by throwing the field winding to a DC supply.
Rotor speed estimation for indirect stator flux oriented induction motor drive based on MRAS scheme
Youssef Agrebi
2007-09-01
Full Text Available In this paper, a conventional indirect stator flux oriented controlled (ISFOC induction motor drive is presented. In order to eliminate the speed sensor, an adaptation algorithm for tuning the rotor speed is proposed. Based on the model reference adaptive system (MRAS scheme, the rotor speed is tuned to obtain an exact ISFOC induction motor drive. The reference and adjustable models, developed in stationary stator reference frame, are used in the MRAS scheme to estimate induction rotor peed from measured terminal voltages and currents. The IP gains speed controller and PI gains current controller are calculated and tuned at each sampling time according to the new estimated rotor speed. The proposed algorithm has been tested by numerical simulation, showing the capability of driving active load; and stability is preserved. Experimental results obtained with a general-purpose 1-kW induction machine are presented showing the effectiveness of the proposed approach in terms of dynamic performance.
Variable speed induction motor operation from a 20-kHz power bus
Hansen, Irving G.
Induction motors are recognized for their simple rugged construction to date, however, their application to variable speed or servo drives has been hampered by limitations on their control. Induction motor drives tend to be complex and to display troublesome low speed characteristics due in part to nonsinusoidal driving voltages. A technique was developed which involves direct synthesis of sinusoidal driving voltages from a high frequency power bus and independent control of frequency and voltages. Separation offrequency and voltage allows independent control of rotor and stator flux, full four-quadrant operation, and instantaneous torque control. Recent test results, current status of the technology, and proposed aerospace applications will be discussed.
Robust Adaptive Fault-Tolerant Tracking Control of Three-Phase Induction Motor
Hossein Tohidi
2014-01-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with the problem of induction motor tracking control against actuator faults and external disturbances using the linear matrix inequalities (LMIs method and the adaptive method. A direct adaptive fault-tolerant tracking controller design method is developed based on Lyapunov stability theory and a constructive algorithm based on linear matrix inequalities for online tuning of adaptive and state feedback gains to stabilize the closed-loop system in order to reduce the fault effect with disturbance attenuation. Simulation results reveal the merits of proposed robust adaptive fault-tolerant tracking control scheme on an induction motor subjected to actuator faults.
MATHEMATICAL SIMULATION OF SENSORLESS VECTOR CONTROL INDUCTION MOTOR UNDER PARAMETRIC PERTURBATIONS
D. S. Odnolko
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Developed a mathematical simulation model of the system of indirect sensorless vector control induction motor. The studies of the sensitivity of the electric drive system to parametric perturbations, in particular to the change in resistance of the stator and rotor. Presents an analysis of quality of work the system: estimation accuracy of the angular velocity of the rotor and the stability of the dynamic properties of the system, using the algorithms of parametric identification of an induction motor and without them.
Induction motor control and speed estimation via adaptive and artificial intelligence method
Kamenko, Ilija; Nikolić, Perica; Matić, Dragan; Bugarski, Vladimir
2011-01-01
This paper shows the optimization of the parameters of PI controllers in the application of vector control of a three-phase induction motor by genetic algorithm for the set optimality criterion. There is also the projecting procedure as well as the comparative analysis of the performances of speed estimator based on MRAS observer and speed estimator based on ANN. The basis of the research is a mathematical model of vector control of a three-phase induction motor, which was developed in MATLAB...
Neural-network-based speed controller for induction motors using inverse dynamics model
Ahmed, Hassanein S.; Mohamed, Kamel
2016-08-01
Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are excellent tools for controller design. ANNs have many advantages compared to traditional control methods. These advantages include simple architecture, training and generalization and distortion insensitivity to nonlinear approximations and nonexact input data. Induction motors have many excellent features, such as simple and rugged construction, high reliability, high robustness, low cost, minimum maintenance, high efficiency, and good self-starting capabilities. In this paper, we propose a neural-network-based inverse model for speed controllers for induction motors. Simulation results show that the ANNs have a high tracing capability.
Study of the Induction Motor with Arbitrary Stator Winding In Wye-Connection
Adriana Purece- Abrudan
2009-05-01
Full Text Available The anisotropy of a cage rotor is utilized to determine the angular position of the rotor in an induction machine. The switching transients generated by a pulsewidth controlled inverter serve as test signals. The response of the three inverter terminal currents is exploited to derive a quasi-instantaneous rotor position signal. The position is sensed at the inverter through the 3-phase motor cable by measuring the current derivatives. The method is applicable to induction motors having the stator windings connected either in wye or in delta.
Design and implementation of an industrial vector-controlled induction motor drive
JOSE TITUS; M VAMSHIKRISHNA; B SEKHAR; B J RAJENDRA; K HATUA; K VASUDEVAN; A KOTESWARA RAO; SHOUBHIK MUKHERJEE; S ESWAR RAO; B P MUNI
2017-08-01
Vector-controlled induction motor drives are quite popular in the industry in applications that demand high dynamic performance. This paper describes the implementation of a complete industrial vector controlled drive for a 30 kW induction motor. The control algorithms for the drive are implemented using aTMS320F28335 Digital Signal Controller (DSC). Various monitoring and protection functions for the drive are implemented using a Cyclone IV FPGA that communicates with the DSC, and acts as the master controller for the drive. The FPGA also communicates with a Human–Machine Interface to provide a simple graphical control interface to the operator.
Method for the Field-oriented Control of an Induction Motor
2000-01-01
A method for the field-oriented control of an induction motor by means of a frequency contverter is dislosed, in which method a transformation angle is determined by estimation and is corrected in dependence on a rotational speed of a rotor flux vector or of the induction motor and/or in dependence...... on a delay time. In this connection it is desirable to improve the control behavior. To that end, the transformation angle is corrected a second time to compensate for a phase shift in the frequency converter....
Development of a Simulink/RTW-Based Realtime Control System for an Induction Motor Vector Control
Kang, M. H. [Sunmoon University, Chonan (Korea)
2001-03-01
In this research a Simulink/RTW-based realtime control system was developed for an induction motor vector control. On the Simulink window, the control system is designed in the form of block diagrams, program codes are produced automatically with the RTW(Real Time Workshop), then an DSP c compiles the program codes. With this automatic program producing method rapid prototyping is realized with the least time-consuming manual programming procedures. To show effectiveness of the proposed system designing scheme a DSP-based induction motor vector controller was constructed and implemented. (author). 10 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.
Performance Analysis of Field Orientation of Induction Motor Drive Under Open Gate of IGBT Fault
Zakaria Mohamed Salem
2013-07-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a performance analysis of three phase induction motor drive system when fed from three-phase inverter with one IGBT open gate. The drive system is based on indirect rotor field oriented. The performance characteristics of the drive are investigated at healthy operating condition and at faulty condition with IGBT of upper phase leg is opened. The Total Harmonic Distortion of phases current in case opened IGBT are derived. The Simulation of the case study is carried out by using the Matlab/Simulink package on 1.1 kW, 220/380V, 50 Hz three phase induction motor.
Space Vector Based Generalized Dpwm Algorithms for Vsi Fed Induction Motor Drive
N. Praveena
2013-09-01
Full Text Available This paper presents Space Vector based Generalized DiscontinuousPulse width modulation (GDPWM algorithms for VSI fed Induction motor drive. To avoid the complexity due to angle calculation and sector identification involved in Conventional space vector pulse width modulation (CSVPWM. The Proposed algorithms use the concept of Imaginary Switching times and a constant variable µ and modulation phase angle δ are used to generate modulating waveforms.The proposed algorithms results in reduced current ripple over CSVPWM. To validate the proposed methods, simulation is carried on V/f controlled Induction Motor drive in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment and the results are discussed.
Jan Vittek
2003-01-01
Full Text Available The contribution presents an extension of indirect vector control of electric drives employing induction motors to 'Forced Dynamic Control'. This method of control offers an accurate realisation of dynamic response profiles, which can be selected by the user. The developed system can be integrated into a drive with a shaft position encoder or a shaft sensoriess drive, in which only the stator currents are measured. The applied stator voltages are determined by a computed inverter switching algorithm. Simulation results and preliminary experimental results for indirect vector control of an idle running induction motor indicate good agreement with the theoretical predictions.
Method for the Field-oriented Control of an Induction Motor
2000-01-01
A method for the field-oriented control of an induction motor by means of a frequency contverter is dislosed, in which method a transformation angle is determined by estimation and is corrected in dependence on a rotational speed of a rotor flux vector or of the induction motor and/or in dependence...... on a delay time. In this connection it is desirable to improve the control behavior. To that end, the transformation angle is corrected a second time to compensate for a phase shift in the frequency converter....
Detection of broken rotor bars in induction motors using nonlinear Kalman filters.
Karami, Farzaneh; Poshtan, Javad; Poshtan, Majid
2010-04-01
This paper presents a model-based fault detection approach for induction motors. A new filtering technique using Unscented Kalman Filter (UKF) and Extended Kalman Filter (EKF) is utilized as a state estimation tool for on-line detection of broken bars in induction motors based on rotor parameter value estimation from stator current and voltage processing. The hypothesis on which the detection is based is that the failure events are detected by jumps in the estimated parameter values of the model. Both UKF and EKF are used to estimate the value of rotor resistance. Upon breaking a bar the estimated rotor resistance is increased instantly, thus providing two values of resistance after and before bar breakage. In order to compare the estimation performance of the EKF and UKF, both observers are designed for the same motor model and run with the same covariance matrices under the same conditions. Computer simulations are carried out for a squirrel cage induction motor. The results show the superiority of UKF over EKF in nonlinear system (such as induction motors) as it provides better estimates for rotor fault detection.
Proposed fault diagnostics of a broken rotor bar induction motor fed from PWM inverter
Faeka M.H. Khater
2016-12-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a fault diagnostics technique for a three-phase squirrel cage induction motor. The method is developed using a simplified model affected by bar resistance variation. Based on 3-phase time domain model, the rotor broken bar with different conditions has been simulated to investigate the resulting torque speed characteristic in each condition. The developed fault diagnostics system is capable of identifying the type of the broken-bar faults in the squirrel cage induction machines.
Induction Motor Speed Estimator Using Rotor Slot Harmonics
RATA, G.
2009-02-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a solution for the estimation of induction machine rotor speed utilizing harmonic saliencies created by rotor and stator slotting. This solution purposes to add a carrier-signal voltage at the fundamental excitation. We obtain a carrier-signal current that contains the spatial information. The PWM reference voltage is calculated with DSP - ADMC401, from Analog Device.
Energy Efficiency Standards of Induction Motors, ¿Are you Prepared Latin America?
Carlos M. Londoño-Parra
2013-06-01
Full Text Available In Colombia the regulatory process regarding the energy efficiency of end-use products is emerging with the draft technical regulation product labeling RETIQ, which includes in Annex E, the test methods for determining the efficiency of motors alternating current induction. The goal of this paper is to compare the energy efficiency of induction motors between the countries of Latin America and the countries of the major economies of the globe, considering four aspects: the current state of classification standards and test procedures of induction motors efficiency, multilateral agreements of mutual recognition, the infrastructure to conduct tests of the standard and support programs to improve the efficiency of electric motor-driven systems. The study reveals that Latin America is a considerable delay in the implementation of classification standards and methods for testing the efficiency of electric motors, most widely used in the world: IEC 60034-30:2008, IEC 60034-2-1: 2007 IEEE 112:2004 and EPAct'92, with respect to the countries of the European Union, United States, China, Australia, and other developed countries, in which these standards have been adopted. Furthermore, the region is evident in the absence of programs focused on improving the energy efficiency of electric motors and a limited number of accredited laboratories to evaluate their efficiency, which leads to most Latin American countries to establish agreements mutual recognition for this purpose.
Advanced simulation model for IPM motor drive with considering phase voltage and stator inductance
Lee, Dong-Myung; Park, Hyun-Jong; Lee, Ju
2016-10-01
This paper proposes an advanced simulation model of driving system for Interior Permanent Magnet (IPM) BrushLess Direct Current (BLDC) motors driven by 120-degree conduction method (two-phase conduction method, TPCM) that is widely used for sensorless control of BLDC motors. BLDC motors can be classified as SPM (Surface mounted Permanent Magnet) and IPM motors. Simulation model of driving system with SPM motors is simple due to the constant stator inductance regardless of the rotor position. Simulation models of SPM motor driving system have been proposed in many researches. On the other hand, simulation models for IPM driving system by graphic-based simulation tool such as Matlab/Simulink have not been proposed. Simulation study about driving system of IPMs with TPCM is complex because stator inductances of IPM vary with the rotor position, as permanent magnets are embedded in the rotor. To develop sensorless scheme or improve control performance, development of control algorithm through simulation study is essential, and the simulation model that accurately reflects the characteristic of IPM is required. Therefore, this paper presents the advanced simulation model of IPM driving system, which takes into account the unique characteristic of IPM due to the position-dependent inductances. The validity of the proposed simulation model is validated by comparison to experimental and simulation results using IPM with TPCM control scheme.
Variable-Speed Induction Motor Drives for Aircraft Environmental Control Compressors
Mildice, J. W.; Hansen, I. G.; Schreiner, K. E.; Roth, M. E.
1996-01-01
New, more-efficient designs for aircraft jet engines are not capable of supplying the large quantities of bleed air necessary to provide pressurization and air conditioning for the environmental control systems (ECS) of the next generation of large passenger aircraft. System analysis and engineering have determined that electrically-driven ECS can help to maintain the improved fuel efficiencies; and electronic controllers and induction motors are now being developed in a NASA/NPD SBIR Program to drive both types of ECS compressors. Previous variable-speed induction motor/controller system developments and publications have primarily focused on field-oriented control, with large transient reserve power, for maximum acceleration and optimum response in actuator and robotics systems. The application area addressed herein is characterized by slowly-changing inputs and outputs, small reserve power capability for acceleration, and optimization for maximum efficiency. This paper therefore focuses on the differences between this case and the optimum response case, and shows the development of this new motor/controller approach. It starts with the creation of a new set of controller requirements. In response to those requirements, new control algorithms are being developed and implemented in an embedded computer, which is integrated into the motor controller closed loop. Buffered logic outputs are used to drive the power switches in a resonant-technology, power processor/motor-controller, at switching/resonant frequencies high enough to support efficient high-frequency induction motor operation at speeds up to 50,000-RPA
Energy Efficiency Standards of Induction Motors, ¿Are you Prepared Latin America?
Carlos M. Londoño-Parra
2013-06-01
Full Text Available In Colombia the regulatory process regarding the energy efficiency of end-use prod-ucts is emerging with the draft technical regulation product labeling RETIQ, which includes in Annex E, the test methods for determining the efficiency of motors alternat-ing current induction. The goal of this paper is to compare the energy efficiency of induction motors between the countries of Latin America and the countries of the major economies of the globe, considering four aspects: the current state of classification standards and test procedures of induction motors efficiency, multilateral agreements of mutual recognition, the infrastructure to conduct tests of the standard and support programs to improve the efficiency of electric motor-driven systems. The study reveals that Latin America is a considerable delay in the implementation of classification standards and methods for testing the efficiency of electric motors, most widely used in the world: IEC 60034-30:2008, IEC 60034-2-1: 2007 IEEE 112:2004 and EPAct'92, with respect to the countries of the European Union, United States, China, Australia, and other developed countries, in which these standards have been adopted. Furthermore, the region is evident in the absence of programs focused on improving the energy efficiency of electric motors and a limited number of accredited laboratories to evaluate their efficiency, which leads to most Latin American countries to establish agreements mutual recognition for this purpose.
Marcelino, M.A.; Silva, G.B.S.; Grandinetti, F.J. [Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Guaratingueta, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia; Universidade de Taubate (UNITAU), SP (Brazil)], Emails: abud@feg.unesp.br, gabonini@yahoo.com.br, grandinetti@unitau.br
2009-07-01
This paper presents a technique for speed control three-phase induction motor using the pulse width modulation (PWM), in open loop while maintaining the tension for constant frequency. The technique is adapted from a thesis entitled 'Control of the three-phase induction motor, using discrete PWM generation, optimized and synchronized', where studies are presented aimed at their application in home appliances, to eliminate mechanical parts, replaced by low cost electronic control, thus having a significant reduction in power consumption. Initially the experiment was done with the Intel 80C31 micro controller. In this paper, the PWM modulation is implemented using a PIC micro controller, and the speed control kept a low profile, based on tables, synchronized with transitions and reduced generation of harmonics in the network. Confirmations were made using the same process of building tables, but takes advantage of the program of a RISC device.
Six-Phase Matrix Converter Fed Double Star Induction Motor
Bendiabdellah Azeddine; Bachir Ghalem
2010-01-01
two different control strategies applied to a direct AC-AC six-phase matrixconverter are investigated in the present paper. The first strategy is derived from theVenturini method, and the second approach is practically an extension of the scalarstrategy control. Both strategies were originally applied to the three-phase matrixconverter.The current investigation deals with a comparative performance study of a double starinduction motor fed from a six-phase matrix converter using the two above ...
Motor Learning in Lucid Dreams: Prevalence, Induction, and Effectiveness
Stumbrys, Tadas
2015-01-01
The purpose of the present investigation was to explore the potentials for motor learning in a special state of consciousness – so called lucid dreams (dreams in which the dreamers are aware that they are dreaming): its prevalence among athletes, facilitating methods and effectiveness. The contents of this dissertation are structured in the following way. The first chapter introduces the concept of mental practice in sports, reviews the evidence for its effectiveness and presents main theorie...
Nuttapong Muangchan
2015-06-01
Full Text Available This paper presents the concept of a speed estimation of sensorless control for asymmetrical parameter type two-phase induction motor drive, by using the adaptive observer system. The motor speed is estimated on the rotor-flux reference frame to simplicity for application. The design guideline of the gain of speed estimate system for a motor has speed change. The experimental results for all test conditions show that the responses of current, torque and speed are stable for the entire operating region.
Senserless Speed and Position of Direct Field Orientation Control Induction Motor Drive
Mohammed Khalil Hussain
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Direct field-orientation Control (DFOC of induction motor drives without mechanical speed sensors at the motor shaft has the attractions of low cost and high reliability. To replace the sensor, information on the rotor speed and position are extracted from measured stator currents and from voltages at motor terminals. In this paper presents direct field-orientation control (DFOC with two type of kalman filter (complete order and reduced order extended kalman filter to estimate flux, speed, torque and position. Simulated results show how good performance for reduced order extended kalman filter over that of complete order extended kalman filter in tracking performance and reduced time of state estimation.
Sensorless direct vector control of an induction motor
Menaa, M. [Laboratoire de Robotique Parallelisme et Electro-energetique, Departement d' Electrotechnique, Universite des Sciences et de la Technologie Houari Boumediene BP 32 EL Allia, Alger 16111, (Algeria); Touhami, O.; Ibtiouen, R. [Departement de Genie Electrique, Ecole Nationale polytechnique, 10 AV Pasteur, El-Harrach, Alger, (Algeria); Fadel, M. [Laboratoire d' Electrotechnique et d' Electronique Industrielle ENSEEIHT, Toulouse, 2 Rue Camichel BP 7122-31071 Cedex7, (France)
2008-01-15
In high-performance variable speed AC drive systems it is often important to accurately determine machine parameters and rotor speed values. An extended complex Kalman filter (ECKF) is used to estimate rotor resistance and mutual inductance without the use of a speed sensor. Such estimates are important in air gap flux orientation control. The ECKF is chosen over the more common extended Kalman filter based on the real-valued model as it is not as computationally intensive. The model of an induction machine obtained by the spiral vector theory and the ECKF are used to develop a new adaptive direct air gap flux orientation control with two sensors: one for the stator voltage and one for the stator current without Park transformation. The simulation tests show the effectiveness of the proposed adaptive direct air gap flux orientation control method. (Author)
Development of a cryogenic induction motor for use with a superconducting magnetic bearing
Matsumura, Tomotake [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN 55455 (United States)]. E-mail: tmatsumu@physics.umn.edu; Hanany, Shaul [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN 55455 (United States); Hull, John R. [Energy Technology Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Johnson, Bradley [Cardiff University, 5 The Parade, Queens Buildings Cardiff, CF24 3YB (United Kingdom); Jones, Terry [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN 55455 (United States); Oxley, Paul K. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN 55455 (United States)
2005-10-01
We have constructed a cryogenic induction motor to turn the rotor of a superconducting magnetic bearing (SMB). Both the motor and the SMB are operated at liquid He temperatures. We give a model for the motor and present measurements of its operation. The rotation speed is very stable. Over 8 h it shows an RMS variation of only 0.005 Hz from a mean of 2 Hz. The speed variation within one period of rotation is 3% {+-} 1% implying that the angular position of the rotor can be determined to an accuracy of 1 deg. for all angles of rotation even if angular position is encoded only once every period. Friction and heat dissipation in this motor is dominated by eddy currents. We discuss the application of the motor to astrophysical polarimetry.
Development of a cryogenic induction motor for use with a superconducting magnetic bearing
Matsumura, Tomotake; Hanany, Shaul; Hull, John R.; Johnson, Bradley; Jones, Terry; Oxley, Paul K.
2005-10-01
We have constructed a cryogenic induction motor to turn the rotor of a superconducting magnetic bearing (SMB). Both the motor and the SMB are operated at liquid He temperatures. We give a model for the motor and present measurements of its operation. The rotation speed is very stable. Over 8 h it shows an RMS variation of only 0.005 Hz from a mean of 2 Hz. The speed variation within one period of rotation is 3% ± 1% implying that the angular position of the rotor can be determined to an accuracy of 1° for all angles of rotation even if angular position is encoded only once every period. Friction and heat dissipation in this motor is dominated by eddy currents. We discuss the application of the motor to astrophysical polarimetry.
The advanced eccentricity and broken cage diagnostic method for medium voltage induction motors
Janda Žarko
2012-01-01
Full Text Available In the paper the comparative diagnostics of medium voltage induction motors has been presented. The methods employed are the motor current signature analysis (MCSA and the axial leakage flux spectral analysis. All presented test procedures have been conducted on partially loaded motors, one without fault and the other with fault. Rated parameters of case study motors are 6 kV and 3.15 MW, and both motors are installed in one combined steam power plant. The reliable broken rotor bars detection and existence of static eccentricity have been demonstrated. The new method for combined fault detection has also been announced. The combined fault under scope is the simultaneous existence of broken rotor bars and static eccentricity. The proposed combined fault detection method is based upon axial leakage flux spectral analysis, especially in the vicinity of the double fundamental frequency. The existence of three broken rotor bars has been confirmed after physical rotor cage examination.
Gunabalan, R.; Sanjeevikumar, P.; Blaabjerg, Frede
2015-01-01
This paper presents the transfer function modeling and stability analysis of two induction motors of same ratings and parameters connected in parallel. The induction motors are controlled by a single inverter and the entire drive system is modeled using transfer function in LabView. Further, the ...
Optimal Control Strategy for Marine Ssp Podded Propulsion Motor Based on Strong Tracking-Epf
Yao Wenlong
2015-09-01
Full Text Available Aiming at the non-linearity of state equation and observation equation of SSP (Siemen Schottel Propulsor propulsion motor, an improved particle filter algorithm based on strong tracking extent Kalman filter (ST-EKF was presented, and it was imported into the marine SSP propulsion motor control system. The strong tracking filter was used to update particles in the new algorithm and produce importance densities. As a result, the problems of particle degeneracy and sample impoverishment were ameliorated, the propulsion motor states and the rotor resistance were estimated simultaneously using strong track filter (STF, and the tracking ability of marine SSP propulsion motor control system was improved. Simulation result shown that the improved EPF algorithm was not only improving the prediction accuracy of the motor states and the rotor resistance, but also it can satisfy the requirement of navigation in harbor. It had the better accuracy than EPF algorithm.
Lascu, Cristian; Boldea, Ion; Blaabjerg, Frede
2004-01-01
A family of speed-sensorless sliding-mode observers for induction motors has been developed. Three topologies have been investigated in order to determine their feasibility, parameter sensitivity and practical applicability. The salient feature of all schemes is that they do not require the rotor...
Fuzzy Logic Controlled Solar Module for Driving Three- Phase Induction Motor
Afiqah Zainal, Nurul; Sooi Tat, Chan; Ajisman
2016-02-01
Renewable energy produced by solar module gives advantages for generated three- phase induction motor in remote area. But, solar module's ou tput is uncertain and complex. Fuzzy logic controller is one of controllers that can handle non-linear system and maximum power of solar module. Fuzzy logic controller used for Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) technique to control Pulse-Width Modulation (PWM) for switching power electronics circuit. DC-DC boost converter used to boost up photovoltaic voltage to desired output and supply voltage source inverter which controlled by three-phase PWM generated by microcontroller. IGBT switched Voltage source inverter (VSI) produced alternating current (AC) voltage from direct current (DC) source to control speed of three-phase induction motor from boost converter output. Results showed that, the output power of solar module is optimized and controlled by using fuzzy logic controller. Besides that, the three-phase induction motor can be drive and control using VSI switching by the PWM signal generated by the fuzzy logic controller. This concluded that the non-linear system can be controlled and used in driving three-phase induction motor.
Indirect field oriented control of induction motors is robustly globally stable
Wit, de Paul; Ortega, Romeo; Mareels, Iven
1995-01-01
For induction motors indirect field oriented control is a simple and highly reliable scheme which has become an industry standard. We have previously shown that, in speed regulation tasks with constant load torque and current fed machines, indirect field oriented control is globally asymptotically s
Sensorless Direct Power Control of Induction Motor Drive Using Artificial Neural Network
Abolfazl Halvaei Niasar
2015-01-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes the design of sensorless induction motor drive based on direct power control (DPC technique. It is shown that DPC technique enjoys all advantages of pervious methods such as fast dynamic and ease of implementation, without having their problems. To reduce the cost of drive and enhance the reliability, an effective sensorless strategy based on artificial neural network (ANN is developed to estimate rotor’s position and speed of induction motor. Developed sensorless scheme is a new model reference adaptive system (MRAS speed observer for direct power control induction motor drives. The proposed MRAS speed observer uses the current model as an adaptive model. The neural network has been then designed and trained online by employing a back propagation network (BPN algorithm. The estimator was designed and simulated in Simulink. Some simulations are carried out for the closed-loop speed control systems under various load conditions to verify the proposed methods. Simulation results confirm the performance of ANN based sensorless DPC induction motor drive in various conditions.
Rimbawati; Azis Hutasuhut, Abdul; Irsan Pasaribu, Faisal; Cholish; Muharnif
2017-09-01
There is an electric machine that can operate as a generator either single-phase or three-phase in almost every household and industry today. This electric engine cannot be labeled as a generator but can be functioned as a generator. The machine that is mentioned is “squirrel cage motors” or it is well-known as induction motor that can be found in water pumps, washing machines, fans, blowers and other industrial machines. The induction motor can be functioned as a generator when the rotational speed of the rotor is made larger than the speed of the rotary field. In this regard, this study aims to modify the remains of 3-phase induction motor to be a permanent generator. Data of research based conducted on the river flow of Rumah Sumbul Village, STM Hulu district of Deli Serdang. The method of this research is by changing rotor and stator winding on a 3 phase induction motor, so it can produce a generator with rotation speed of 500 rpm. Based on the research, it can be concluded that the output voltage generator has occurred a voltage drop 10% between before and after loading for Star circuit and 2% for Delta circuit.
LMI-based Gain Scheduled Robust Flux Observer for Induction Motors
Trangbæk, Klaus
2000-01-01
In this paper a robust flux observer for an induction motor is developed through an LMI approach. The observer is robust to changes in rotational speed and in rotor and stator resistances. The problem is formulated as complex-valued rank constrained LMIs and solved through alternating projections...
Indirect Field Oriented Control of Induction Motors is Robustly Globally Stable
Wit, de Paul A.S.; Ortega, Romeo; Mareels, Iven
1996-01-01
Field orientation, in one of its many forms, is an established control method for high dynamic performance AC drives. In particular, for induction motors, indirect fieldoriented control is a simple and highly reliable scheme which has become the de facto industry standard. In spite of its widespread
Concept for sleeve induction motor with 1-msec mechanical time constant
Wiegand, D. E.
1968-01-01
Conductive sleeve induction motor having a 1-msec mechanical time constant is used with solid-state devices to control all-electric servo power systems. The servomotor rotor inertia is small compared to the maximum force rating of the servo motion, permitting high no-load acceleration.
A New FOC Approach of Induction Motor Drive Using DTC Strategy for the Minimization of CMV
Kola Satya Narayana
2013-02-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a New FOC Approach of Induction Motor Drive using DTC Strategy for the Minimization of CMV (common mode voltage with the switching tables for the generation of PWM signals. High performance induction motor drives require a better transient and steady state performance. To achieve high performance, there are two control strategies namely, field oriented control (FOC and direct torque control (DTC for induction motor drives. Though these two methods give better transient performance, the FOC needs reference frame transformations and DTC gives large steady state ripples. To overcome these drawbacks, this paper presents a novel FOC algorithm for induction motor drives, which combines the principles of both FOC and DTC. The proposed method uses a predetermined switching table instead of a much more time consuming pulse width modulation (PWM procedure. This approach gives a quick torque response like DTC and gives reduced ripple like FOC. The switching table is based on the conventional DTC principle, which gives good performance with reduced common mode voltage variations. To validate the proposed method numerical simulations have been carried out and compared with the existing algorithms. The simulation results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Mathematical Model of Linear Switched Reluctance Motor with Mutual Inductance Consideration
Nikolay Grebennikov
2015-06-01
Full Text Available This paper presents developing an mathematical model for linear switched reluctance motor (LSRM with account of the mutual inductance between the phases. Mutual interaction between the phases of LSRM gives the positive effect, as a rule the power of the machine is increased by 5-15%.
Numerical implementation of wavelet and fuzzy transform IFOC for three-phase induction motor
Padamanaban, Sanjeevi Kumar; Daya, J.L. Febin; Blaabjerg, Frede;
2016-01-01
This article elaborates the numerical implementation of a novel, indirect field-oriented control (IFOC) for induction motor drive by wave-let discrete transform/fuzzy logic interface system unique combination. The feedback (speed) error signal is a mixed component of multiple low and high...
Smart Sensor for Online Detection of Multiple-Combined Faults in VSD-Fed Induction Motors
Garcia-Ramirez, Armando G.; Osornio-Rios, Roque A.; Granados-Lieberman, David; Garcia-Perez, Arturo; Romero-Troncoso, Rene J.
2012-01-01
Induction motors fed through variable speed drives (VSD) are widely used in different industrial processes. Nowadays, the industry demands the integration of smart sensors to improve the fault detection in order to reduce cost, maintenance and power consumption. Induction motors can develop one or more faults at the same time that can be produce severe damages. The combined fault identification in induction motors is a demanding task, but it has been rarely considered in spite of being a common situation, because it is difficult to identify two or more faults simultaneously. This work presents a smart sensor for online detection of simple and multiple-combined faults in induction motors fed through a VSD in a wide frequency range covering low frequencies from 3 Hz and high frequencies up to 60 Hz based on a primary sensor being a commercially available current clamp or a hall-effect sensor. The proposed smart sensor implements a methodology based on the fast Fourier transform (FFT), RMS calculation and artificial neural networks (ANN), which are processed online using digital hardware signal processing based on field programmable gate array (FPGA).
Parallel and series 4 switch Z-source converters in induction motor drives
Baba, Mircea; Lascu, Cristian; Boldea, Ion
2014-01-01
This paper presents a control strategy for four switch three-phase Z-source Inverter with parallel and series Z-source network fed 0.5 kW induction motor drive with V/f control and the algorithm to control the dc boost, split capacitor voltage balance and the ac output voltage. The proposed control...
Maria Brojboiu
2014-09-01
Full Text Available In this paper, a Matlab graphical user interface dedicated to the optimal design of the high power induction motor with heavy starting conditions is presented. This graphical user interface allows to input the rated parameters, the selection of the induction motor type and the optimization criterion of the induction motor design also. For the squirrel cage induction motor the graphical user interface allows the selection of the rotor bar geometry, the material of the rotor bar as well as the fastening technology of the shorting ring on the rotor bar. The Matlab graphical user interface is developed and applied to the general optimal design program of the induction motor described in [1], [2].
Khadim Moin Siddiqui
2016-09-01
Full Text Available In the present paper, the airgap eccentricity fault of the induction motor has been diagnosed by digital signal processing transformative techniques in the inverter driven induction motor drives. The airgap eccentricity fault has been diagnosed in the transient condition by time domain as well as time-frequency domain techniques with the help of a proposed dynamic simulation model. In the past, many signal processing techniques had been used for various induction motor fault detection purpose such as fast Fourier transform, Hilbert transform, short term Fourier transform, etc. But, all techniques faced some sort of disadvantages. Therefore, in this paper, all shortcomings of the previous used signal processing techniques have been solved by newly wavelet transform's approximation signal. The low frequency approximation signal has been used to diagnose the eccentricity fault in the transient condition. Therefore, early fault diagnosis of the motor is possible and averted the motor before reaching in the ruinous conditions. As a result, the industries may save large revenues and unexpected failure conditions. The obtained results clearly demonstrate that the developed diagnostic technique may reliably separate airgap eccentricity fault in many stages.
Structured attachment of bacterial molecular motors for defined microflow induction
Woerdemann Mike
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Bacterial rotational motor complexes that propel flagellated bacteria possess unique properties like their size of a few nanometres and the ability of selfreproduction that have led to various exciting applications including biohybrid nano-machines. One mandatory prerequisite to utilize bacterial nano motors in fluid applications is the ability to transfer force and torque to the fluid, which usually can be achieved by attachment of the bacterial cell to adequate surfaces. Additionally, for optimal transfer of force or torque, precise control of the position down to the single cell level is of utmost importance. Based on a PIV (particle image velocimetry evaluation of the induced flow of single bacteria,we propose and demonstrate attachment of arbitrary patterns of motile bacterial cells in a fast light-based two-step process for the first time to our knowledge. First, these cells are pre-structured by holographic optical tweezers and then attached to a homogeneous, polystyrene-coated surface. In contrast to the few approaches that have been implemented up to now and which rely on pre-structured surfaces, our scheme allows for precise control on a single bacterium level, is versatile, interactive and has low requirements with respect to the surface preparation.
Brinovar, Iztok; Srpčič, Gregor; Seme, Sebastijan; Štumberger, Bojan; Hadžiselimović, Miralem
2017-07-01
This article deals with the classification of explosion-proof protected induction motors, which are used in hazardous areas, into adequate temperature and efficiency class. Hazardous areas are defined as locations with a potentially explosive atmosphere where explosion may occur due to present of flammable gasses, liquids or combustible dusts (industrial plants, mines, etc.). Electric motors and electrical equipment used in such locations must be specially designed and tested to prevent electrical initiation of explosion due to high surface temperature and arcing contacts. This article presents the basic tests of three-phase explosion-proof protected induction motor with special emphasis on the measuring system and temperature rise test. All the measurements were performed with high-accuracy instrumentation and accessory equipment and carried out at the Institute of energy technology in the Electric machines and drives laboratory and Applied electrical engineering laboratory.
Modeling and Simulating of Single Side Short Stator Linear Induction Motor with the End Effect
Hamzehbahmani, Hamed
2011-09-01
Linear induction motors are under development for a variety of demanding applications including high speed ground transportation and specific industrial applications. These applications require machines that can produce large forces, operate at high speeds, and can be controlled precisely to meet performance requirements. The design and implementation of these systems require fast and accurate techniques for performing system simulation and control system design. In this paper, a mathematical model for a single side short stator linear induction motor with a consideration of the end effects is presented; and to study the dynamic performance of this linear motor, MATLAB/SIMULINK based simulations are carried out, and finally, the experimental results are compared to simulation results.
Impact of magnetic saturation on the input-output linearising tracking control of an induction motor
Dolinar, Drago; Ljusev, Petar; Stumberger, Gorazd
2004-01-01
This paper deals with the tracking control design of an induction motor, based on input-output linearization with magnetic saturation included. Magnetic saturation is represented by the nonlinear magnetizing curve of the iron core and is used in the control design, the observer of state variables......, and in the load torque estimator. An input-output linearising control is used to achieve better tracking performances of the drive. It is based on the mixed ”stator current - rotor flux linkage” induction motor model with magnetic saturation considered in the stationary reference frame. Experimental results show...... that the proposed input-output linearising tracking control with the included saturation behaves considerably better than the one without saturation, and that it introduces smaller position and speed errors, and better motor stiffness on account of the increased computational complexity....
A Comparison of Different Techniques for Induction Motor Rotor Fault Diagnosis
Alwodai, A.; Gu, F.; Ball, A. D.
2012-05-01
The problem of failures in induction motors is a large concern due to its significant influence over industrial production. Therefore a large number of detection techniques were presented to avoid this problem. This paper presents the comparison results of induction motor rotor fault detection using three methods: motor current signature analysis (MCSA), surface vibration (SV), and instantaneous angular speed (IAS). These three measurements were performed under different loads with three rotor conditions: baseline, one rotor bar broken and two rotor bar broken. The faults can be detected and diagnosed based on the amplitude difference of the characteristic frequency components of power spectrum. However IAS may be the best technique because it gives the clearest spectrum representation in which the largest amplitude change is observed due to the faults.
A Novel Approach for Eccentricity Fault Detection in Squirrel Cage Induction Motors
Mehdi Ahmadi
2013-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, static eccentricity fault detection in induction motors is studied. Two dimensional finite element method (2D-FEM is used for faultless and eccentric condition modeling in induction motors. Also current and speed signals are compared in two experimental and simulation cases for model validating. For fault detection, fast Fourier transform is used at first. In this method, high order harmonics with small amplitude can alarms the fault occurrence. For this reason, the fault detection process is difficult.To overcome these drawbacks, it is suggested that two test coils contrive around the air-gap. So, any changes in air-gap can be detected easily. Moreover this test coils are used in open circuit case. So, these test coils do not effect on motor dynamics. Also, the results show that modulated voltage can be alarm the fault occurrence, type and percent well.
A New Soft Starting Method for Wound-Rotor Induction Motor
Sharifian, Mohammad Bagher Bannae; Feyzi, Mohammad Reza; Sabahi, Mehran; Farrokhifar, Meysam
2011-01-01
Starting of a three-phase Induction motor using a starter rheostat in rotor circuit has some disadvantages. A new method for starting of a three-phase motor by using a parallel combination of resistors, self-inductors and capacitors in rotor circuit is proposed in this paper. The proposed method ensures the soft and higher starting torque as well as limited starting current as compared to shorted rotor method. The characteristic curves for both methods (shorted rotor and rotor with added elements) are provided. The mathematical model based on the steady-state equivalent circuit of the induction motor is expanded in frequency domain and the required computer program is prepared using an optimization method. The values for added elements to rotor circuit are calculated in such a way that minimum starting time considering current and torque limitations are achieved.
Simple Power Control for Sensorless Induction Motor Drives Fed by a Matrix Converter
Blaabjerg, Frede; Lee, Kyo Beum
2008-01-01
This paper presents a new and simple method for sensorless control of matrix converter drives using a power flowing to the motor. The proposed control algorithm is based on controlling the instantaneous real and imaginary powers into the induction motor. To improve low-speed sensorless performance......, the nonlinearities of a matrix converter drive such as commutation delays, turn-ON and turn-OFF times of switching devices, and on-state switching device voltage drop are modeled using a PQ power transformation and compensated using a reference power control scheme. The proposed sensorless control method is applied...... for the induction motor drive using a 3 kW matrix converter system. Experimental results are shown to illustrate the feasibility of the proposed strategy....
High Performance Control of Matrix Converter Fed Induction Motor Drive System
孙凯; 黄立培; MATSUSE Kouki
2007-01-01
Matrix converter fed motor drive is superior to pulse width modulation inverter drives since it not only provides bi-directional power flow, sinusoidal input/output currents, unity input power factor, but also allows a compact design due to the lack of DC-link capacitors for energy storage. In this paper, model and control of matrix converter fed induction motor drive system are analyzed. A combined control strategy is simplified and improved, which realizes space vector pulse width modulation of matrix converter and rotor flux oriented vector control technique for induction motor drive simultaneously. This control strategy combines the advantages of matrix converter with the good drive performance of vector control technique. Experimental results demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed control strategy.
Nonlinear Field Oriented Control of Induction Motors using the Backstepping Design
Rasmussen, Henrik; Vadstrup, P.; Børsting, H.
1999-01-01
Using backstepping, which is a recursive nonlinear design method, a novel approach to control of induction motors is developed. The resulting scheme leads to a nonlinear controller for the torque and the amplitude of the field. A combination of nonlinear damping and observer backstepping with a s......Using backstepping, which is a recursive nonlinear design method, a novel approach to control of induction motors is developed. The resulting scheme leads to a nonlinear controller for the torque and the amplitude of the field. A combination of nonlinear damping and observer backstepping...... with a simple flux observer is used in the design. Assuming known motor parameters the design achieves stabilioty with garanteed region of attraction. It is also shown how a conventional field oriented controller may be obtained by omitting parts of the nonlinear controller....
New method for computing unstable equilibrium points of power systems with induction motors
无
2010-01-01
The computation of the unstable equilibrium point(UEP) is a key step involved in stability region estimation of nonlinear dynamic systems.A new continuation-based method to compute the UEPs of a power system with induction motors is proposed.The mechanical torques of motors are changed to form a parameterized equation set.Then the solution curve of the equation set is traced by the continuation method from the stable equilibrium point to a UEP.The direction of mechanical torque change is varied to get multiple UEPs.The obtained UEPs are mostly type-1.Then fast assessment of induction motor stability is studied by approximating the stable manifolds of the UEPs.The method is tested in several systems and satisfactory results are obtained.
Impact of magnetic saturation on the input-output linearising tracking control of an induction motor
Dolinar, Drago; Ljusev, Petar; Stumberger, Gorazd
2004-01-01
This paper deals with the tracking control design of an induction motor, based on input-output linearization with magnetic saturation included. Magnetic saturation is represented by the nonlinear magnetizing curve of the iron core and is used in the control design, the observer of state variables......, and in the load torque estimator. An input-output linearising control is used to achieve better tracking performances of the drive. It is based on the mixed ”stator current - rotor flux linkage” induction motor model with magnetic saturation considered in the stationary reference frame. Experimental results show...... that the proposed input-output linearising tracking control with the included saturation behaves considerably better than the one without saturation, and that it introduces smaller position and speed errors, and better motor stiffness on account of the increased computational complexity....
Design and Modeling Improved Direct Torque Control of Induction Motor Drive
Omid Moradi
2014-07-01
Full Text Available This paper studies most commonly used electric driving method of induction motors (IM. Direct torque control (DTC have been widely commercialized in induction motor drives, with each being favored by its supporters. In this paper, the dynamic performance of these drives for an electric vehicle application is examined, and sensitivities to parameter variations affecting this dynamic performance are explored by jacobian matrix in which the sensitivities of torque, speed, and other desired variables or outputs are estimated relative to change in motor parameters. Key performance measures include torque and speed transients. The switching scheme of these drive is a switching table. Both the overshoot and the settling time of DTC are really small
Energy Optimization of Field Oriented Six-Phase Induction Motor Drive
KABOLI, S.
2011-05-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with the efficiency optimization of Field Oriented Control (FOC of a six-Phase Induction Motor (6PIM by adaptive flux search control. The six-phase induction motor is supplied by Space Vector PWM (SVPWM and voltage source inverter. Adaptive flux search controller is fast than ordinary search control technique and easy to implement. Adaptive flux Search Control (SC technique decreases the convergence time by proper change of flux variation steps and increases accuracy of the SC technique. A proper loss model of 6PIM in conjunction with the proposed method is used. The six-phase induction machine has large zero sequence harmonic currents that can be reduced by SVPWM technique. Simulation and experimental results are carried out and they verify the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
Sensorless speed estimation of an AC induction motor by using an artificial neural network approach
Alkhoraif, Abdulelah Ali
Sensorless speed detection of an induction motor is an attractive area for researchers to enhance the reliability of the system and to reduce the cost of the components. This paper presents a simple method of estimating a rotational speed by utilizing an artificial neural network (ANN) that would be fed by a set of stator current frequencies that contain some saliency harmonics. This approach allows operators to detect the speed in induction motors such an approach also provides reliability, low cost, and simplicity. First, the proposed method is based on converting the stator current signals to the frequency domain and then applying a tracking algorithm to the stator current spectrum in order to detect frequency peaks. Secondly, the ANN has to be trained by the detected peaks; the training data must be from very precise data to provide an accurate rotor speed. Moreover, the desired output of the training is the speed, which is measured by a tachometer simultaneously with the stator current signal. The databases were collected at many different speeds from two different types of AC induction motors, wound rotor and squirrel cage. They were trained and tested, so when the difference between the desired speed value and the ANN output value reached the wanted accuracy, the system does not need to use the tachometer anymore. Eventually, the experimental results show that in an optimal ANN design, the speed of the wound rotor induction motor was estimated accurately, where the testing average error was 1 RPM. The proposed method has not succeeded to predict the rotor speed of the squirrel cage induction motor precisely, where the smallest testingaverage error that was achieved was 5 RPM.
W. Głowacz; A. Głowacz
2010-01-01
New implementation of diagnostics of imminent failure conditions of induction motor was presented. Software to recognize the current ofinduction motor was implemented. System of current recognition is based on a study of the frequency spectrum of stator current signal.Fuzzy classifier was applied. The studies were carried out for four imminent failure conditions of induction motor. The results confirm thatthe system can be useful for detecting damage and protect the engines.
Computational Design and Analysis of Core Material of Single-Phase Capacitor Run Induction Motor
Gurmeet Singh
2014-07-01
Full Text Available A Single-phase induction motor (SPIM has very crucial role in industrial, domestic and commercial sectors. So, the efficient SPIM is a foremost requirement of today's market. For efficient motors, many research methodologies and propositions have been given by researchers in past. Various parameters like as stator/rotor slot variation, size and shape of stator/rotor slots, stator/rotor winding configuration, choice of core material etc. have momentous impact on machine design. Core material influences the motor performance to a degree. Magnetic flux linkage and leakage preliminary depends upon the magnetic properties of core material and air gap. The analysis of effects of core material on the magnetic flux distribution and the performance of induction motor is of immense importance to meet out the desirable performance. An increase in the air gap length will result in the air gap performance characteristics deterioration and decrease in air gap length will lead to serious mechanical balancing concern. So possibility of much variation in air gap beyond the limits on both sides is not feasible. For the optimized performance of the induction motor the core material plays a significant role. Using higher magnetic flux density, reduction on a magnetizing reactance and leakage of flux can be achieved. In this thesis work the analysis of single phase induction motor has been carried out with different core materials. The four models have been simulated using Ansys Maxwell 15.0. Higher flux density selection for same machine dimensions result into huge amount of reduction in iron core losses and thereby improve the efficiency. In this paper 2% higher efficiency has been achieved with Steel_1010 as compared to the machine using conventional D23 material. Out of four models result reflected by the machine using steel_1010 and steel_1008 are found to be better.
Rizana Fauzi
2015-06-01
Full Text Available Induction Motor in Electrical drive system at a accelleration speed for example in electric cars have a hard speed setting is set on a wide range, causing an inconvenience for motorists and a fast response is required any change of speed. It is necessary for good system performance in control motor speed and torque at low speed or fast speed response, which is operated by Indirect Field Oriented Control (IFOC. Speed control on IFOC methods should be better to improving the performance of rapid response in the induction motor. In this paper presented a method of incorporation of Fuzzy Logic Controller and Backstepping (Fuzzy-Backstepping to improve the dynamically response speed and torque in Induction Motor on electric car, so we get smoothness at any speed change and braking as well as maximum torque of induction motor. Test results showed that Fuzzy-Backstepping can increase the response to changes speed in electric car. System testing is done with variations of the reference point setting speed control system, the simulation results of the research showed that the IFOC method is not perfect in terms of induction motor speed regulation if it’s not use speed control. Fuzzy-Backstepping control is needed which can improve the response of output, so that the induction motor has a good performance, small oscillations when start working up to speed reference. Keywords: Fuzzy-Backstepping, IFOC, induction motor
CONSIDERATIONS ABOUT INDUCTION MOTOR CONTROL USING ELECTRONIC INVERSORS
JAIME ANTONIO GONZALEZ CASTELLANOS
2000-01-01
Os motores de indução são as máquinas mais utilizadas nos acionamentos industriais elétricas devido a sua simplicidade, robustez, maior relação torque/corrente, baixa manutenção, etc. Sua aceitação e aplicação em acionamentos com velocidade variável têm sido possível com o desenvolvimento da eletrônica de potência. Atualmente, muitos acionamentos utilizam diversas técnicas para lograr o controle de velocidade por variação da freqüência da rede de al...
Six-Phase Matrix Converter Fed Double Star Induction Motor
Bendiabdellah Azeddine
2010-10-01
Full Text Available two different control strategies applied to a direct AC-AC six-phase matrixconverter are investigated in the present paper. The first strategy is derived from theVenturini method, and the second approach is practically an extension of the scalarstrategy control. Both strategies were originally applied to the three-phase matrixconverter.The current investigation deals with a comparative performance study of a double starinduction motor fed from a six-phase matrix converter using the two above controlstrategies.After a theoretical introduction of the six-phase matrix converter, a detailed description ofthe strategies implementation is presented followed by a discussion of results obtained fromsimulation results.
Direct torque control with feedback linearization for induction motor drives
Lascu, Cristian; Jafarzadeh, Saeed; Fadali, Sami M.
2015-01-01
This paper describes a Direct Torque Controlled (DTC) Induction Machine (IM) drive that employs feedback linearization and sliding-mode control. A feedback linearization approach is investigated, which yields a decoupled linear IM model with two state variables: torque and stator flux magnitude...... of the sliding surface. The VSC component assures robustness as in DTC, while the proportional component eliminates the torque and flux ripple. The torque time response is similar to DTC and the proposed solution is flexible and highly tunable due to the proportional controller. The controller design and its...... robust stability analysis are presented. The sliding controller is compared with a linear DTC scheme, and experimental results for a sensorless IM drive validate the proposed solution....
Fang, J.; Sheng, L.; Li, D.; Zhao, J.; Li, Sh.; Qin, W.; Fan, Y.; Zheng, Q. L.; Zhang, W.
A novel High Temperature Superconductor Linear Induction Motor (HTS LIM) is researched in this paper. Since the critical current and the electromagnetic force of the motor are determined mainly by the primary slot leakage flux, the main magnetic flux and eddy current respectively, in order to research the influence of structural parameters and operating parameters on electromagnetic properties of HTS LIM, the motor was analyzed by 2D transient Finite Element Method (FEM). The properties of the motor, such as the maximum slot leakage flux density, motor thrust, motor vertical force and critical current are analyzed with different structural parameters and operating parameters. In addition, an experimental investigation was carried out on prototype HTS motor. Electrical parameters were deduced from these tests and also compared with the analysis results from FEM. AC losses of one HTS coil in the motor were measured and AC losses of all HTS coils in HTS LIM were estimated. The results in this paper could provide reference for the design and research on the HTS LIM.
Estimating Electrical Parameters of the Induction Motor by Measuring the Components Temperatures
Masoud Abbaspour
2014-12-01
Full Text Available In this article the electrical parameters of the induction motor are estimated by measuring temperature of its components. This process consists of four sections: 1-Thermal resistance model 2- Electrical parameters 3- Electrical model and 4- Neural network which presents motor parameters and operational status compatible with corresponding learning data. In thermal resistance model, we use physical and geometrical properties of motor components to formulate thermal resistance of each component of the motor. In electrical model, electrical losses are calculated by electrical variables, by relationship between electrical losses and thermal resistance ,these modelesgives us corresponding temperatures as output. These temperatures were used for training network (temperatures as input data, stator current and maximum torque as target data in the neural network. After measuring temperatures of the components and using them as inputs to neural network, the corresponding stator current and maximum torque (target data are estimated. All the stator currents referred to this paper were validated by experimental measurements.
Induction Motor Drive System Based on Linear Active Disturbance Rejection Controller
Liu, Liying; Zhang, Yongli; Yao, Qingmei
It is difficult to establish an exact mathematical model for the induction motor and the robustness is poor of the vector control system using PI regulator. This paper adopts the linear active disturbance rejection controller (LADRC) to control inductor motor. LADRC doesn't need the exact mathematical model of motor and it can not only estimate but also compensate the general disturbance that includes the coupling items in model of motor and parameters perturbations by linear extended state observer (LESO), so the rotor flux and torque fully decouple. As a result, the performance is improved. To prove the above control scheme, the proposed control system has been simulated in MATLAB/SIMULINK, and the comparison was made with PID. Simulation results show that LADRC' has better performance and robustness than PID.
Sensorless torque control scheme of induction motor for hybrid electric vehicle
Yan LIU; Cheng SHAO
2007-01-01
In this paper,the sensorless torque robust tracking problem of the induction motor for hybrid electric vehicle(HEV)applications is addressed.Because motor parameter variations in HEV applications are larger than in industrial drive system,the conventional field-oriented control(FOC)provides poor performance.Therefore,a new robust PI-based extension of the FOC controller and a speed-flux observer based on sliding mode and Lyapunov theory are developed in order to Improve the overall performance.Simulation results show that the proposed sensorless torque control scheme is robust with respect to motor parameter variations and loading disturbances.In addition,the operating flux of the motor is chosen optimally to minimize the consumption of electric energy,which results in a significant reduction in energy losses shown by simulations.
Nonlinear Speed Control of Switched Reluctance Motor Drives Taking into Account Mutual Inductance
M. Alrifai
2008-01-01
Full Text Available A speed control algorithm is proposed for variable speed switched reluctance motor (SRM drives taking into account the effects of mutual inductances. The control scheme adopts two-phase excitation; exciting two adjacent phases can overcome the problems associated with single-phase excitation such as large torque ripple, increased acoustic noise, and rotor shaft fatigues. The effects of mutual coupling between two adjacent phases and their contribution to the generated electromagnetic torque are considered in the design of the proposed control scheme for the motor. The proposed controller guarantees the convergence of the currents and the rotor speed of the motor to their desired values. Simulation results are given to illustrate the developed theory; the simulation studies show that the proposed controller works well. Moreover, the simulation results indicate that the proposed controller is robust to changes in the parameters of the motor and to changes in the load torque.
Gang Qin
2015-01-01
Full Text Available The acceleration performance of EV, which affects a lot of performances of EV such as start-up, overtaking, driving safety, and ride comfort, has become increasingly popular in recent researches. An improved variable gain PID control algorithm to improve the acceleration performance is proposed in this paper. The results of simulation with Matlab/Simulink demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm through the control performance of motor velocity, motor torque, and three-phase current of motor. Moreover, it is investigated that the proposed controller is valid by comparison with the other PID controllers. Furthermore, the AC induction motor experiment set is constructed to verify the effect of proposed controller.
Experimental Investigations on PV Powered SVM-DTC Induction Motor without AC Phase Current Sensors
T. Muthamizhan
2014-05-01
Full Text Available The paper presents a low-cost, phase-current reconstruction algorithm for space vector modulated direct torque controlled induction motor using the information obtained from only one shunt resistor which is in series with low side switches in a conventional three-phase inverter. The aim is to develop a low-cost high - performance induction motor drive. It uses the dc-link voltage and dc current to reconstruct the stator currents needed to estimate the motor flux and the electromagnetic torque. Photovoltaic arrays convert solar power to dc electric power; uses chopper and dc-ac inverter to fed three phase Induction Motor. The chopper used here is current fed full bridge boost dc-dc converter, which is preferred and extensively used in high voltage applications and advantageous over voltage fed converters. The inverter switches are controlled by PWM techniques obtained from SVM-DTC of IM. The experimental investigations are given to prove the ability of the proposed scheme of reproducing the performances of a SVM- DTC IM drive.
CHEN Shu-yong; CHEN Quan-shi; SUN Feng-chun
2007-01-01
The principle of rotor flux-orientation vector control on 100/150 kW three-phase AC induction motor for electric drive tracked vehicles is analyzed, and the mathematic model is deduced. The drive system of induction motor is modeled and simulated by Matlab/Simulink. The characteristics of motor and drive system are analyzed and evaluated by practical bench test. The simulation and bench test results show that the model is valid, and the driving control system has constant torque under rated speed, constant torque above rated speed, widely variable speed range and better dynamic characteristics. In order to evaluate the practical applications of high power induction motor driving system in electric drive tracked vehicles, a collaborative simulation based on interface technology of Matlab/Simulink and multi-body dynamic analysis software known as RecurDyn is done, the vehicle performances are predicted in the acceleration time (0-32 km/h) and turning characteristic (v=10 km/h, R=B).
Hiram Ponce
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Most of machine-operated industrial processes implement electric machinery as their work sources, implying the necessary improvement of control techniques and power electronics drivers. Many years have passed since the control conflicts related to induction motors have been overcome through torque-flux control techniques so their advantages over direct current motors have made them to be the most common electric actuator found behind industrial automation. In fact, induction motors can be easily operated using a Direct Torque Control (DTC. Since, it is based on a hysteresis control of the torque and flux errors, its performance is characterized by a quick reaching of the set point, but also a high ripple on both torque and flux. In order to enhance that technique, this study introduces a novel hybrid fuzzy controller with artificial hydrocarbon networks (FMC that is used in a Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation (SVPWM technique, so-called FMC-SVPWM-DTC. In fact, this study describes the proposal and its design method. Experimental results over a velocity-torque cascade topology proved that the proposed FMC-SVPWM-DTC responses highly effective almost suppressing rippling in torque and flux. It also performed a faster speed response than in a conventional DTC. In that sense, the proposed FMC-SVPWM-DTC can be used an alternative approach for controlling induction motors.
R. Selva Santhose Kumar
2014-06-01
Full Text Available In this study, the proposal is made for Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO Recurrent Neural Network (RNN based Z-Source Inverter Fed Induction Motor Drive. The proposed method is used to enhance the performance of the induction motor while reducing the Total Harmonic Distortion (THD, eliminating the oscillation period of the stator current, torque and speed. Here, the PSO technique uses the induction motor speed and reference speed as the input parameters. From the input parameters, it optimizes the gain of the PI controller and generates the reference quadrature axis current. By using the RNN, the reference three phase current for accurate control pulses of the voltage source inverter is predicted. The RNN is trained by the input motor actual quadrature axis current and the reference quadrature axis current with the corresponding target reference three phase current. The training process utilized the supervised learning process. Then the proposed technique is implemented in the MATLAB/SIMULINK platform and the effectiveness is analyzed by comparing with the other techniques such as PSO-Radial Biased Neural Network (RBNN and PSO-Artificial Neural Network (ANN. The comparison results demonstrate the superiority of the proposed approach and confirm its potential to solve the problem.
FUZZY SLIDING MODE CONTROLLER FOR DOUBLY FED INDUCTION MOTOR SPEED CONTROL
Y. Bekakra
2015-08-01
Full Text Available This paper, presents a Direct Field-Oriented Control (DFOC of doubly fed induction motor (DFIM with a fuzzy sliding mode controller (FSMC. Our aim is to make the speed control robust to parameter variations. The variation of motor parameters during operation degrades the performance of the controllers. The use of the nonlinear fuzzy sliding mode method provides very good performance for motor operation and robustness of the control law despite the external/internal perturbations. The chattering effects is eliminated by a particular function "sat" that presents a serious problem to applications of variable structure systems. The fuzzy sliding mode controller is designed in order to improve the control performances and to reduce the chattering phenomenon. In this technique the saturation function is replaced by a fuzzy inference system to smooth the control action. The proposed scheme gives fast dynamic response with no overshoot and zero static error. To show the validity and the effectiveness of the control method, simulation results are performed for the speed control of a doubly fed induction motor. Simulation results showed that improvement made by our approach compared to conventional sliding mode control (SMC with the presence of variations of the parameters of the motor, in particular the face of variation of moment of inertia and disturbances of load torque. The results show that the FSMC and SMC are robust against internal and external perturbations, but the FSMC is superior to SMC in eliminating chattering phenomena and response time.
Speed Sensorless Induction Motor Drives for Electrical Actuators: Schemes, Trends and Tradeoffs
Elbuluk, Malik E.; Kankam, M. David
1997-01-01
For a decade, induction motor drive-based electrical actuators have been under investigation as potential replacement for the conventional hydraulic and pneumatic actuators in aircraft. Advantages of electric actuator include lower weight and size, reduced maintenance and operating costs, improved safety due to the elimination of hazardous fluids and high pressure hydraulic and pneumatic actuators, and increased efficiency. Recently, the emphasis of research on induction motor drives has been on sensorless vector control which eliminates flux and speed sensors mounted on the motor. Also, the development of effective speed and flux estimators has allowed good rotor flux-oriented (RFO) performance at all speeds except those close to zero. Sensorless control has improved the motor performance, compared to the Volts/Hertz (or constant flux) controls. This report evaluates documented schemes for speed sensorless drives, and discusses the trends and tradeoffs involved in selecting a particular scheme. These schemes combine the attributes of the direct and indirect field-oriented control (FOC) or use model adaptive reference systems (MRAS) with a speed-dependent current model for flux estimation which tracks the voltage model-based flux estimator. Many factors are important in comparing the effectiveness of a speed sensorless scheme. Among them are the wide speed range capability, motor parameter insensitivity and noise reduction. Although a number of schemes have been proposed for solving the speed estimation, zero-speed FOC with robustness against parameter variations still remains an area of research for speed sensorless control.
Investigation of Stator and Rotor Slits’ Effects to the Torque and Efficiency of an Induction Motor
Serdal ARSLAN
2017-02-01
Full Text Available Induction machines have a simple structure and are popular due to their wide range of use, however they have limited power factor and efficiency. Although the working principles of inductions machines have not changed for years, the materials and geometric structures used have undergone significant changes. In this study, slits were applied in the middle of the rotor teeth, rotor-stator teeth and stator teeth of a 7.5 kW induction motor. For these three situations, the torque ripple, iron losses, copper losses, inductance, phase current and voltage inducted in the windings and flux change were analyzed associated with the change in the slit width and slit height. Due to the fact that it is difficult to analytically calculate the slitted models created, they were analyzed by software which uses the finite elements method. The stator-rotor slitted structure determined as the optimum (the one with highest efficiency and the original motor were compared with 2D and 3D analyses. According to this comparison, a decrease in torque rupture and loss of copper is observed. The motor’s torque increased by 27%, and efficiency increased by 4%.
Linearization Method for Starting Control of Speed-Sensorless Vector-Controlled Induction Motors
Fujinami, Kazuki; Kondo, Keiichiro
A linearization method is proposed for controlling the start-up operation of a rotating induction motor. The dynamics of this motor are deteriorated when the starting operation is carried out at high frequencies. In this method, the characteristics of the method are analyzed to reveal that the aforementioned problem is caused by the low equivalent gain of the induced voltage during the rotor flux establishment. A method to compensate for the angle of the rotor-flux-induced voltage vector is proposed to overcome this problem. The proposed method is experimentally verified by a test set, and the influence of changes in the rotor resistance is analyzed.
A Novel Hybrid Solution for Load Commu-tated Inverter-Fed Induction Motor Drives
无
2004-01-01
Recently the capacitor technology has been getting more and more attention in industry,For low power applications,especially in computers and telecommunications,the selection criteria and availability have been discussed and summarized.For traction motor drive applications,the life expectancy of dc bus capacitor has been discussed.With a successful development of using a newly developed low-inductance hign-current film capacitor in a high power(75kW)traction motor drive,the intemtion of this paper is to provide the theoretical background and field experimental data for a potentially better dc bus capacitor design option.
Sensorless Modeling of Varying Pulse Width Modulator Resolutions in Three-Phase Induction Motors
Marko, Matthew David; Shevach, Glenn
2017-01-01
A sensorless algorithm was developed to predict rotor speeds in an electric three-phase induction motor. This sensorless model requires a measurement of the stator currents and voltages, and the rotor speed is predicted accurately without any mechanical measurement of the rotor speed. A model of an electric vehicle undergoing acceleration was built, and the sensorless prediction of the simulation rotor speed was determined to be robust even in the presence of fluctuating motor parameters and significant sensor errors. Studies were conducted for varying pulse width modulator resolutions, and the sensorless model was accurate for all resolutions of sinusoidal voltage functions. PMID:28076418
Flywheel induction motor-generator for magnet power supply in small fusion device
Hatakeyma, S.; Yoshino, F.; Tsutsui, H.; Tsuji-Iio, S.
2016-04-01
A flywheel motor-generator (MG) for the toroidal field (TF) coils of a small fusion device was developed which utilizes a commercially available squirrel-cage induction motor. Advantages of the MG are comparably-long duration, quick power response, and easy implementation of power control compared with conventional capacitor-type power supply. A 55-kW MG was fabricated, and TF coils of a small fusion device were energized. The duration of the current flat-top was extended to 1 s which is much longer than those of conventional small devices (around 10-100 ms).
Thomson, William T
2017-01-01
This book has 13 chapters and contains a unique database of 50 industrial case histories on theapplication of MCSA to diagnose broken rotor bars or unacceptable levels of airgap eccentricity in cage induction motors with ratings from 127 kW (170 H.P.) to 10,160 kW (13,620 H.P.). There are also unsuccessful case histories which is another unique feature of the book. The case studies also illustrate the effects of mechanical load dynamics downstream of the motor on the interpretation of current signatures. A number of cases are presented where abnormal operation of the driven loadwas diagnosed.
Application of an imperialist competitive algorithm to the design of a linear induction motor
Lucas, Caro [Center of Excellence, Control and Intelligent Processing, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran 4563-11155 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Nasiri-Gheidari, Zahra, E-mail: z_nasiri_gh@yahoo.co [School of Electrical and Computer Eng., University of Tehran, Tehran 4563-11155 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Tootoonchian, Farid [Department of Electrical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran 16846-13114 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2010-07-15
In this paper a novel optimization algorithm based on imperialist competitive algorithm (ICA) is used for the design of a low speed single sided linear induction motor (LIM). This type of motors is used increasingly in industrial process specially in transportation systems. In these applications having high efficiency with high power factor is very important. So in this paper the objective function of design is presented considering both efficiency and power factor. Finally the results of ICA are compared with the ones of genetic algorithm and conventional design. Comparison shows the success of ICA for design of LIMs.
Evaluation of induction motor performance using an electronic power factor controller
1978-01-01
The concept of reducing the losses in an induction motor by electronically controlling the time interval between the zero crossing of the applied voltage and the zero crossing of the armature current was evaluated. The effect on power losses and power factor of reducing the applied sinusoidal voltages below the rated value was investigated experimentally. The reduction in power losses was measured using an electronic controller designed and built at MSFC. Modifications to the MSFC controller are described as well as a manually controlled electronic device which does not require that the motor be wye connected and the neutral available. Possible energy savings are examined.
New electronic control equipment for doubly fed induction motors of high rating
Dirr, R; Schluter, W; Waldmann, H
1972-01-01
Modern data processing systems and power electronics have made it possible to replace the auxiliary machine used hitherto for controlling doubly fed induction machines by static electronic circuits. A brief outline of the mode of operation of the doubly fed induction machine is followed by a description of the automatic control system chosen and of the direct static frequency convertor used as the final control element in solving the special problem involved by way of example of the motor of the impulsing m.g. set for the new power supply of the CERN magnetics. (6 refs).
Harmonic losses of single-phase induction motors under nonsinusoidal voltages
Lin, D.; Batan, T.; Fuchs, E.F. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States); Grady, W.M. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
1996-06-01
Parameters of a capacitor-start, capacitor-run single-phase induction motor with closed or semi-closed rotor slots are measured and a model for the investigation of the performance of the machine in the frequency domain under the influence of harmonic voltages is presented. An algorithm taking into account the nonlinear rotor leakage inductance is established. This algorithm is applied to estimate the current in the time domain, and the harmonic losses at rated-load operation without and with run capacitors are calculated. Computational results are compared with those from experimentation and the differences between both are discussed.
Kato, Shuhei; Takaku, Taku; Sumitani, Hideo; Shimada, Ryuichi
Flywheel energy storage systems are focused as uninterruptible power supplies (UPS) from the viewpoint of environmental friendliness and high durability performance. Using a low-speed and heavy flywheel, and a low-cost squirrel-cage induction motor/generator, two applications are proposed; 1) 11kW voltage sag compensator using a capacitor self-excited induction generator without semiconductor converters; 2) UPS composed of the flywheel system and an engine generator. From some experimental results, an ideal voltage sag compensator and UPS are realized by the low-technology flywheel system.
Induction of motor associative plasticity in the posterior parietal cortex-primary motor network
Chao, Chi-Chao; Karabanov, Anke Ninija; Paine, Rainer
2015-01-01
There is anatomical and functional connectivity between the primary motor cortex (M1) and posterior parietal cortex (PPC) that plays a role in sensorimotor integration. In this study, we applied corticocortical paired-associative stimuli to ipsilateral PPC and M1 (parietal ccPAS) in healthy right...
Ha, K.P. [Seoul National University Graduate School, Seoul (Korea); Kauh, S.K. [Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea)
1999-04-01
Stator winding and endwinding are hot spots of a induction motor, and their temperature are heavily affected by the thermal conductivity of stator winding, endwinding and iron core. Hence, thermal conductivity evaluation of those materials is very important and the present study proposed prediction schemes for directional thermal conductivity of stator winding, endwinding, and iron core of a small induction motor. Longitudinal thermal conductivity of stator winding is evaluated by serial model, and transversal thermal conductivity is by Lewis and Nielson's model. Thermal conductivity of endwinding can be obtained by rotational transform of thermal conductivity tensor. And thermal conductivity of iron core is evaluated by serial model and parallel model. In the evaluation of the thermal conductivity of iron core, it was assumed that the contact resistance between the core plates plays 80% role in total resistance. This requires more detailed analysis. (author). 11 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.
Dezong Zhao
2014-01-01
of multiple induction motors through a shared communication network. An integrated feedback scheduling algorithm is designed to allocate the optimal sampling period and priority to each control loop to optimize the global performance of a networked control system (NCS, while satisfying the constraints of stability and schedulability. A speed synchronization method is incorporated into the scheduling algorithm to improve the speed synchronization performance of multiple induction motors. The rational gain of the network speed controllers is calculated using the Lyapunov theorem and tuned online by fuzzy logic to guarantee the robustness against complicated variations on the communication network. Furthermore, a state predictor is designed to compensate the time delay which occurred in data transmission from the sensor to the controller, as a part of the networked controller. Simulation results support the effectiveness of the proposed control-and-scheduling codesign approach.
Diagnosis of stator faults in induction motor based on zero sequence voltage after switch-off
无
2008-01-01
To improve the accuracy of the stator winding fault diagnosis in induction motor, a new diagnostic method based on the Hilbert-Huang transform (HHT) was proposed. The ratio of fundamental zero sequence voltage to positive sequence voltage after switch-offwas selected as the stator fault characteristic, which could effectively avoid the influence of the supply unbalance and the load fluctuation, and directly represent the asymmetry in the stator. Using the empirical mode decomposition (EMD) based on HHT, the zero sequence voltage after switch-off was decomposed and the fundamental component was extracted. Then, the fault characteristic can be acquired. Experimental results on a 4-kW induction motor demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of this method.
M. Zaky
2008-03-01
Full Text Available Recently, speed sensorless control of induction motor drives received great attention to avoid the different problems associated with direct speed sensors. However, low speed operation with robustness against parameter variations remains an area of research for sensorless systems. Stator resistance is of greatest importance for good operation of speed sensorless systems in low speed region. In this paper, a sliding mode current observer for an induction motor is presented. An estimation algorithm based on this observer in conjunction with Popov's hyper-stability theory is proposed to calculate the speed and stator resistance independently. The proposed speed observer with parallel stator resistance identification is firstly verified by simulation. Experimental results are included as well to demonstrate the good performance of the proposed observer and estimation algorithms at low speed.
Nirban Chakraborty
2014-04-01
Full Text Available This paper presents the speed control scheme of direct vector control of Induction Motor drive (IM drive. The Fuzzy logic controller is (FLC used as the controller part here for the direct vector control of Induction Motor using Sinusoidal PWM Inverter (SPWM. Fuzzy logic controller has become a very popular controlling scheme in the field of Industrial application. The entire module of this IM is divided into several parts such as IM body module, Inverter module, coordinate transformation module and Sinusoidal pulse width modulation (SPWM production module and so on. With the help of this module we can analyze a variety of different simulation waveforms, which provide an effective means for the analysis and design of the IM control system using FLC technique.
THD Reduction in Performance of Cascaded Multi-Level Inverter Fed Induction Motor Drive
Naveen Kumar Verma
2013-12-01
Full Text Available The multilevel inverter power structure plays a vital role in the power industry. It is easier to produce a high-power, high-voltage inverter with the multilevel structure. The topologies of multilevel inverter have several advantages such as lower total harmonic distortion (THD, lower electromagnetic interference (EMI generation, reduction of voltage ratings of the power semiconductor switching devices and high output voltage. This paper presents a universal control scheme based on multicarrier PWM methods and its implementation in three-level, five-level and nine-level cascaded inverters feeding a three phase induction motor. This paper compares total harmonic distortion values of voltage and current waveforms of induction motors between different levels.
Rotor Speed Estimation Method Used in Dynamic Control of the Induction Motor
CRĂCIUNAŞ Gabriela
2013-10-01
Full Text Available In this paper it is proposed an algorithm for rotor speed estimation calculated directly from the rotor flux. The flux required for speed computation is estimated using Gopinath reduced order robust adaptive observer. In order to determine the structure of the observer we started from the state equations of the induction motor using spatial vectors written in fixed coordinates towards stator and considering the rotor speed constant. Quality of speed and rotor fluxestimation was evaluated from the results obtained during different operation regimes. The proposed algorithm was then tested for its usability in the case of indirect field oriented control based on the rotor flux of the induction motor by the simulation inMATLAB/Simulink.
Fault-tolerant Control of Inverter-fed Induction Motor Drives
Thybo, C.
The main purpose of this work was to investigate how fault-tolerant control (FTC) could be included in the control scheme of frequency converter fed induction motor applications. This was approached by identifying the potential failure modes for which fault tolerant control should be applied...... a current sensor fault, by switching to a closed loop scalar controller, was analysed. The main contributions of this work are · An investigation of the potential failure modes of inverter fed induction motor drives. · An extension of the FTC development cycle, to include economical cost-benefit analysis....... A description of the different frequency converter components, including models of the inverter, sensors and controllers was given, followed by a fault mode and effect analysis, which points out the potential fault modes of the design. Among the listed fault modes, two were found to be of particular practical...
Jose Rangel-Magdaleno
2016-01-01
Full Text Available The relevance of the development of monitoring systems for rotating machines is not only the ability to detect failures but also how early these failures can be detected. The purpose of this paper is to present an experimental study of partially damaged rotor bar in induction motor under different load conditions based on discrete wavelet transform analysis. The approach is based on the extraction of features from vibration signals at different level of damage and three mechanical load conditions. The proposed analysis is reliable for tracking the damage in rotor bar. The paper presents an analysis and extraction of vibration features for partially damaged rotor bar in induction motors. The experimental analysis shows the change in behavior of vibration due to load condition and progressive damage.
Field-oriented control of five-phase induction motor with open-end stator winding
Listwan Jacek
2016-09-01
Full Text Available The mathematical model of the five-phase squirrel-cage induction motor and the system of the dual five-phase voltage source inverter have been presented. The control methods and control systems of the field-oriented control of the five-phase induction motor with an open-end stator winding are described. The structures of the direct fieldoriented control system (DFOC and the Indirect Field-oriented control system (IFOC with PI controllers in outer and inner control loops are analyzed. A method of space vector modulation used to control the system of the dual five-phase voltage source inverter has been discussed. The results of simulation studies of the field-oriented control methods are presented. Comparative analysis of the simulation results was carried out.
WANG Pan-pan; SHI Li-ping; HU Yong-jun; MIAO Chang-xin
2012-01-01
To effectively extract the interturn short circuit fault features of induction motor from stator current signal,a novel feature extraction method based on the bare-bones particle swarm optimization (BBPSO) algorithm and wavelet packet was proposed.First,according to the maximum inner product between the current signal and the cosine basis functions,this method could precisely estimate the waveform parameters of the fundamental component using the powerful global search capability of the BBPSO,which can eliminate the fundamental component and not affect other harmonic components.Then,the harmonic components of residual current signal were decomposed to a series of frequency bands by wavelet packet to extract the interturn circuit fault features of the induction motor.Finally,the results of simulation and laboratory tests demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Support vector machine used to diagnose the fault of rotor broken bars of induction motors
Zhitong, Cao; Jiazhong, Fang; Hongpingn, Chen
2003-01-01
The data-based machine learning is an important aspect of modern intelligent technology, while statistical learning theory (SLT) is a new tool that studies the machine learning methods in the case of a small number of samples. As a common learning method, support vector machine (SVM) is derived...... for the SVM. After a SVM is trained with learning sample vectors, so each kind of the rotor broken bar faults of induction motors can be classified. Finally the retest is demonstrated, which proves that the SVM really has preferable ability of classification. In this paper we tried applying the SVM...... from the SLT. Here we were done some analogical experiments of the rotor broken bar faults of induction motors used, analyzed the signals of the sample currents with Fourier transform, and constructed the spectrum characteristics from low frequency to high frequency used as learning sample vectors...
COMPARISON PERFORMANCE OF INDUCTION MOTOR USING SVPWM AND HYSTERESIS CURRENT CONTROLLER
FIZATUL AINI PATAKOR
2011-08-01
Full Text Available This paper presents the comparative performances of three phase induction motors using space vector pulse width modulation (SVPWM and hysteresis current controller. An indirect field orientation is applied to ensure decoupling control between torque and flux of the induction motor. The hysteresis current controller is built in with PI speed controller and three hysteresis current bands while the SVPWM system is embedded with the two control loops, the inner current control loop and the outer speed control loop using PI controller. Both systems were run and tested using MATLAB/SIMULINK software. The simulation results demonstrate that the SVPWM can improve the quality of the stator current and reduce the torque ripple while maintaining the other performance characteristics of the system.
Microcontroller based PWM controlled four switch three phase inverter fed induction motor drive
Mohanty Kant Nalin
2010-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents PIC microcontroller based PWM inverter controlled four switch three phase inverter (FSTPI fed Induction Motor drive. The advantage of this inverter that uses of 4 switches instead of conventional 6 switches is lesser switching losses, lower electromagnetic interference (EMI, less complexity of control algorithms and reduced interface circuits. Simulation and experimental work are carried out and results presented to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed approach. Simulation is carried out using MATLAB SIMULINK and in the experimental work a prototype model is built to verify the simulation results. PIC microcontroller (PIC 16F877A is used to generate the PWM pulses for FSTPI to drive the 0.5 hp 3-phase Induction Motor.
Intelligent robust control law for induction motors based on field-oriented control theory
Barambones, O.; Alcorta, P.; Sevillano, G.; Garrido, A.; Garrido, I. [Univ. del Pais Vasco, Bilbao (Spain). Dpto. Ingenieri a de Sistemas y Automatica
2009-07-01
A sensorless adaptive control law was developed to improve the trajectory tracking performance of induction motors. The law used an integral sliding mode algorithm to avoid the necessity of calculating an upper bound for system uncertainties. The vector control theory was used to develop the induction motor drives. The sliding mode control law incorporated an adaptive switching gain and included a method of estimating rotor speeds. Rotor speed estimation errors were presented as a first order simple function based on the difference between real stator currents and estimated stator currents. The Lyapunov stability theory was used to analyze the controller under different load disturbances and parameter uncertainties. Results of the study showed that the control signal of the scheme was smaller than signals obtained using traditional variable structure control schemes. It was concluded that speed tracking objectives can be obtained under various parameter and torque uncertainties. 9 refs., 7 figs.
Analytical method for determining breakdown slip of an induction motor based on of five parameters
Petrović Nenad
2014-01-01
Full Text Available The paper proposes an explicite formula for determining the critical slip value of an induction squirel cage motor based upon five parameters. Three of these parameters - rated slip, rated and breakdown torque are known by catalogue data. Two missing parameters are the arbitrary slip between the rated and critical slip value and the corresponding torque value. These two parameters are to be experimentaly obtained. The breakdown torque value given by catalogue data is usually less accurate than the rated torque value. The proposed formula gives the possibility of analysing the error distribution of the critical slip value obtained from catalogue and measured data in comparison with the values obtained from the mechanical characteristic based on the physical parameters of an induction motor.
Fault-tolerant Control of Inverter-fed Induction Motor Drives
Thybo, C.
The main purpose of this work was to investigate how fault-tolerant control (FTC) could be included in the control scheme of frequency converter fed induction motor applications. This was approached by identifying the potential failure modes for which fault tolerant control should be applied...... a current sensor fault, by switching to a closed loop scalar controller, was analysed. The main contributions of this work are · An investigation of the potential failure modes of inverter fed induction motor drives. · An extension of the FTC development cycle, to include economical cost-benefit analysis....... A description of the different frequency converter components, including models of the inverter, sensors and controllers was given, followed by a fault mode and effect analysis, which points out the potential fault modes of the design. Among the listed fault modes, two were found to be of particular practical...
Control Algorithms of Propulsion Unit with Induction Motors for Electric Vehicle
PALACKY, P.
2014-05-01
Full Text Available The article deals with the research of algorithms for controlling electronic differential and differential lock of an electrically driven vehicle. The simulation part addresses the development of algorithms suitable for the implementation into a real system of a road vehicle. The algorithms are then implemented into a vehicle, a propulsion unit of which is consists of two separate electric drives with induction motors fed by voltage inverters with own control units using advanced signal processors. Communication among control units is provided by means of SPI interface. A method of vector control is used for the control of induction motors. The developed algorithms are experimentally verified for correct function in a laboratory using a roll test stand and while driving an electrically driven vehicle on the road.
Numerical implementation of wavelet and fuzzy transform IFOC for three-phase induction motor
Sanjeevikumar Padmanaban
2016-03-01
Full Text Available This article elaborates the numerical implementation of a novel, indirect field-oriented control (IFOC for induction motor drive by wave-let discrete transform/fuzzy logic interface system unique combination. The feedback (speed error signal is a mixed component of multiple low and high frequencies. Further, these signals are decomposed by the discrete wave-let transform (WT, then fuzzy logic (FL generates the scaled gains for the proportional-integral (P-I controller parameters. This unique combination improves the high precision speed control of induction motor during both transient as well as steady-state conditions. Numerical simulation model is implemented with proposed control scheme using Matlab/Simulink software and obtained results confirm the expectation.
DUSTY ENVIRONMENT IMPACT ON LIFESPAN OF THE INDUCTION MOTORS STATOR WINDING
V. E. Krivonosov
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Large quantity of asynchronous motors work in heavily dusted environments. On the end-winding insulation of the motors to 55 kW operating in the mining and smelting enterprise there is a 3 cm dust layer, which may lead to the asynchronous motor end-winding local overheat and consequent early breakdown. Contemporary literature allocates insufficient consideration to the issue of studying the impact the winding dust pollution has on the motor lifespan; for the most part they are experimental researches. The article investigates and establishes correlation relationship between the additional winding heating and the end-winding dust layer thickness. The investigation considers the induction motor winding to be a homogeneous solid and assumes the motor thermal conditions steady inasmuch as the winding insulation dust-cover forming time is much greater than the motor-heating time constant. The obtained expression permits determining the winding dust level by temperature variations; the dependence has linear character. Neither the motor type, size, nor the capacity do affect the local insulation overheating since the temperature difference between the windings being dust laden does not exceed 10 % for asynchronous motors of various capacity. The authors develop an appliance that enables the winding dustiness level monitoring and signals of necessity for the preventive cleaning measures implementation. The appliance operation principle is based on measuring results comparison of the two temperature-sensing devices mounted on the end-winding: one – in the upper part, and the other – in the bottom. The differential in the sensors reading-out allows estimating the dust layer sedimentation on the end-winding. A patent of invention has been issued on the investigation results.
Peresada, Sergei; Kovbasa, Serhii; Dymko, Serhii; BOZHKO, Serhiy
2016-01-01
The paper presents a novel maximum torque per Ampere (MTA) controller for induction motor (IM) drives. The proposed controller exploits the concept of direct (observer based) field orientation and guarantees asymptotic torque tracking of smooth reference trajectories and maximizes the torque per Ampere ratio when the developed torque is constant or slowly varying. A dynamic output-feedback linearizing technique is employed for the torque subsystem design. In order to improve torque tracking a...
DSP-based fuzzy implementation of indirect vector controlled induction motor
Radwan, T.S.; Uddin, M.N.; Rahman, M.A. [Memorial University of Newfoundland, Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science, St John' s, NF (Canada)
2000-08-01
In this paper, the fuzzy logic speed controller for high performance induction motor drive is proposed. The controller is based on the indirect vector control. The fuzzy logic speed controller is employed as an outer loop. The results of applying the developed fuzzy logic controllers are compared to those obtained by the application of a conventional PI controller. The results indicate superior performance and robustness of fuzzy logic controllers over the PI controller at any working conditions. (orig.)
Diagnostics of an induction-motor rotor by the spectral analysis of stator currents
Weinreb, K.
2013-12-01
A method for achieving more efficient revealing and more unambiguous evaluation of various kinds of defects in the induction-motor (IM) rotor, which is based on changes occurring in the characteristic signs of the spectrum of the stator current, is presented. The results and analysis of measurements performed for artificially specified cases of faults in the rotor of a small-capacity IM are presented.
Indirect Field Oriented Control of Induction Motors is Robustly Globally Stable
1996-01-01
Field orientation, in one of its many forms, is an established control method for high dynamic performance AC drives. In particular, for induction motors, indirect fieldoriented control is a simple and highly reliable scheme which has become the de facto industry standard. In spite of its widespread popularity no rigorous stability proof for this controller was available in the literature. In a recent paper (Ortega et al, 1995) [Ortega, R., D. Taoutaou, R. Rabinovici and J. P. Vilain (1995). ...
Numerical implementation of wavelet and fuzzy transform IFOC for three-phase induction motor
Padamanaban, Sanjeevi Kumar; Daya, J.L. Febin; Blaabjerg, Frede
2016-01-01
This article elaborates the numerical implementation of a novel, indirect field-oriented control (IFOC) for induction motor drive by wave-let discrete transform/fuzzy logic interface system unique combination. The feedback (speed) error signal is a mixed component of multiple low and high frequen...... as well as steady-state conditions. Numerical simulation model is implemented with proposed control scheme using Matlab/Simulink software and obtained results confirm the expectation....
A V/f= cte Control Drive for Permanent Capacitor Single-Phase Induction Motor
Pedram Shahriari Nasab; Hossein SafaMehr; Majid Moazzami
2013-01-01
Poor performance of the convectional household induction motors which used in home appliances such as refrigerator, cooler, laundry, washing machines, fans, hand-held power tools, and automotive window lift is generally caused by two main reasons. Firstly, they have high starting current which causes significant voltage drop, and secondly, they operate in a single speed mode and not in variable speed. In many home appliances, traditionally a discrete speed control method is used by changing t...
Scalar Control for Six Phase Matrix Converter Fed Double Star Induction Motor
BENDIABDELLAH, A.; BACHIR, G.
2010-01-01
Two different control strategies applied to a direct AC-AC six phase matrix converter are investigated in the present paper. The first strategy is derived from the Venturini method and the second approach is practically an extension of the scalar strategy control. Both strategies were originally applied to the three phase matrix converter. The current investigation deals with a comparative performance study of a double star induction motor fed from a six-phase matrix converter using the two a...
A study of EV induction motor controller based on rotor flux oriented control
Song Jianguo; Chen Quanshi
2006-01-01
Induction motor is a multi-parameter, non-linear and strong coupling system, which requires efficient control algorithms. In this paper, rotor flux oriented control (FOC) algorithm based on voltage source inverter-fed is deduced in detail, including stator voltage compensation, closed-loop PI parameters' calculation of torque and rotor flux. FOC's Simulink model is setup to simulate torque and rotor flux's response. At last, the experimental results are shown.
Modelling of a double star induction motor for space vector PWM control
Hadiouche, D.; Razik, H.; Rezzoug, A. [Groupe de Recherche en Electrotechnique et Electronique de Nancy, G.R.E.E.N. - CNRS UPRES, University H. Poincare, Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy (France)
2000-08-01
In this paper, we present the analysis and the modelling of a Double-Star Induction Motor (DSIM). A steady-state model is first established in order to analyse its harmonic behaviour. Then, a new transformation matrix is proposed in order to develop a suitable dynamic model. In both cases, the study is made using an arbitrary shift angle between the two stars. At last, a space vector Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) control or the DSIM is simulated. (orig.)
Park, Chang-Woo; Hwang, Jung-Hoon
2013-03-01
This paper presents an observer design for the estimation of magnetic rotor flux of induction motors. We characterize the class of MIMO induction motor systems that consists of the linear observable and the nonlinear part with a block triangular structure. The similarity transformation that plays an important role in proving the convergence of the proposed observer is generalized to the systems. Since the gain of the proposed observer minimizes a nonlinear part of the system to suppress for the stability of the error dynamics, it improves the transient performance of the high gain observer. Moreover, by using the generalized similarity transformation, it is shown that under some observability and boundedness conditions, the proposed observer guarantees the global exponential convergence to zero of the estimation error. Since the proposed scheme minimizes the nonlinearity of an induction motor system, it improves the transient performance of the observer and guarantees the global exponential convergence to zero of the estimation error. The estimation results of magnetic rotor fluxes through experiments are shown and it is presented that the proposed magnetic flux observer exhibits less transient oscillation and faster convergence time than the general observer.
Novel Observer Scheme of Fuzzy-MRAS Sensorless Speed Control of Induction Motor Drive
Chekroun, S.; Zerikat, M.; Mechernene, A.; Benharir, N.
2017-01-01
This paper presents a novel approach Fuzzy-MRAS conception for robust accurate tracking of induction motor drive operating in a high-performance drives environment. Of the different methods for sensorless control of induction motor drive the model reference adaptive system (MRAS) finds lot of attention due to its good performance. The analysis of the sensorless vector control system using MRAS is presented and the resistance parameters variations and speed observer using new Fuzzy Self-Tuning adaptive IP Controller is proposed. In fact, fuzzy logic is reminiscent of human thinking processes and natural language enabling decisions to be made based on vague information. The present approach helps to achieve a good dynamic response, disturbance rejection and low to plant parameter variations of the induction motor. In order to verify the performances of the proposed observer and control algorithms and to test behaviour of the controlled system, numerical simulation is achieved. Simulation results are presented and discussed to shown the validity and the performance of the proposed observer.
A New High Speed Induction Motor Drive based on Field Orientation and Hysteresis Current Comparison
Ogbuka, Cosmas; Nwosu, Cajethan; Agu, Marcel
2016-09-01
This paper presents a new high speed induction motor drive based on the core advantage of field orientation control (FOC) and hysteresis current comparison (HCC). A complete closed loop speed-controlled induction motor drive system is developed consisting of an outer speed and an inner HCC algorithm which are optimised to obtain fast and stable speed response with effective current and torque tracking, both during transient and steady states. The developed model, being speed-controlled, was examined with step and ramp speed references and excellent performances obtained under full load stress. A speed response comparison of the model with the standard AC3 (Field-Oriented Control Induction Motor Drive) of MATLAB Simpower systems shows that the model achieved a rise time of 0.0762 seconds compared to 0.2930 seconds achieved by the AC3. Also, a settle time of 0.0775 seconds was obtained with the developed model while that of the AC3 model is 0.2986 seconds confirming, therefore, the superiority of the developed model over the AC3 model which, hitherto, served as a reference standard.
Nonlinear systems time-varying parameter estimation: Application to induction motors
Kenne, Godpromesse [Laboratoire d' Automatique et d' Informatique Appliquee (LAIA), Departement de Genie Electrique, IUT FOTSO Victor, Universite de Dschang, B.P. 134 Bandjoun (Cameroon); Ahmed-Ali, Tarek [Ecole Nationale Superieure des Ingenieurs des Etudes et Techniques d' Armement (ENSIETA), 2 Rue Francois Verny, 29806 Brest Cedex 9 (France); Lamnabhi-Lagarrigue, F. [Laboratoire des Signaux et Systemes (L2S), C.N.R.S-SUPELEC, Universite Paris XI, 3 Rue Joliot Curie, 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Arzande, Amir [Departement Energie, Ecole Superieure d' Electricite-SUPELEC, 3 Rue Joliot Curie, 91192 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
2008-11-15
In this paper, an algorithm for time-varying parameter estimation for a large class of nonlinear systems is presented. The proof of the convergence of the estimates to their true values is achieved using Lyapunov theories and does not require that the classical persistent excitation condition be satisfied by the input signal. Since the induction motor (IM) is widely used in several industrial sectors, the algorithm developed is potentially useful for adjusting the controller parameters of variable speed drives. The method proposed is simple and easily implementable in real-time. The application of this approach to on-line estimation of the rotor resistance of IM shows a rapidly converging estimate in spite of measurement noise, discretization effects, parameter uncertainties (e.g. inaccuracies on motor inductance values) and modeling inaccuracies. The robustness analysis for this IM application also revealed that the proposed scheme is insensitive to the stator resistance variations within a wide range. The merits of the proposed algorithm in the case of on-line time-varying rotor resistance estimation are demonstrated via experimental results in various operating conditions of the induction motor. The experimental results obtained demonstrate that the application of the proposed algorithm to update on-line the parameters of an adaptive controller (e.g. IM and synchronous machines adaptive control) can improve the efficiency of the industrial process. The other interesting features of the proposed method include fault detection/estimation and adaptive control of IM and synchronous machines. (author)
Verucchi, Carlos; Bossio, José; Bossio, Guillermo; Acosta, Gerardo
2016-12-01
In recent years, progress has been made in developing techniques to detect mechanical faults in actuators driven by induction motors. The latest developments show their capability to detect faults from the analysis of the motor electrical variables. The techniques are based on the analysis of the Motor Current Signature Analysis (MCSA) and the Load Torque Signature Analysis (LTSA), among others. Thus, failures such as misalignment between the motor and load, progressive gear teeth wear, and mass imbalances have been successfully detected. In case of misalignment between the motor and load, both angular and radial misalignment, the results presented in literature do not consider the characteristics of the coupling device. In this work, it is studied a mechanism in which the power transmission between the motor and load is performed by means of different types of couplings, mainly those most frequently used in industry. Results show that the conclusions drawn for a particular coupling are not necessarily applicable to others. Finally, this paper presents data of interest for the development of algorithms or expert systems for fault detection and diagnosis.
Mariana MANEA
2012-12-01
Full Text Available Measuring precise power used by a load of an induction motor driven by a VFD implies a few facts that need to be considered. First, the real electric power. When dealing with waveforms of electric current that contain harmonics, traditional methods of power measuring could lead to inaccurate results. Therefore, further investigation needs to be performed in order to provide meaningful values. Then there is the efficiency. Motor losses are to be taken into account for finding out exactly how much power is being used for a specific application.This paper shows a method of measuring and calculating the electric real power of fundamental harmonic and of extracting an actual output value of mechanical power at the motor shaft. For this purpose we used a data acquisition system made of a basic power quality analyzer and data acquisition software. Harmonic analysis of the waveforms is considered, combined with the use of the true power factor.
Two-motor single-inverter field-oriented induction machine drive dynamic performance
Bhakti M Joshi; Mukul C Chandorkar
2014-04-01
Multi-machine, single-inverter induction motor drives are attractive in situations in which all machines are of similar ratings, and operate at approximately the same load torques. The advantages include small size compared to multi-inverter system, lower weight and overall cost. However, field oriented control of such drives is a challenge since no two motors will have exactly the same operating conditions at any time. In general, at least some motors in the system will operate away from perfect field orientation. It is therefore important to analyse their torque dynamics carefully. This paper discusses existing multi-machine field-oriented control methods, and analyses and compares them from the viewpoint of dynamic performance. For this, an analytical framework based on small-signal analysis is developed to compare multi-machine control methods. This analysis is verified by simulations and experiments.
Integrated PWM converter/inverter system feeding three-phase induction motor
Bayoumi, E.
2001-07-01
The integrated PWM converter/inverter system has the capability of unity power factor, sinusoidal supply current, bi-directional power capabilities and constant dc link voltage. Also, it has the ability to minimize the dc link capacitance. The integrated PWM converter/inverter fed three-phase induction motor consists of two identical PWM converters. One is used to serve as power regulator with unity power factor and constant dc voltage bus, while the other serve as inverter for the induction motor drive. By using the synchronous rotating-frame the current controllers in both the input and the output of the integrated system are characterized by fast current response and low harmonic distortion. The dc link is the intermediate stage between the PWM converter and the PWM inverter. It mainly consists of aluminium electrolytic capacitors, which are normally installed in the system as the energy storage element, but in some applications, such as high power voltage motor drives, the electrolytic capacitor has several drawbacks from the viewpoints of size, weight, cost and reliability. Due to continuous outgassing, the properties of the electrolytic capacitor deteriorate gradually (as time goes by). Hence, the capacitor is the major factor limiting the lifetime of the inverter systems. The aim of this work is to reduce the dc link capacitor size, as it means reduction of the cost and the volume of the converter/inverter systems. The work consists of 8 chapters: Chapter one illustrate the historical overview for the ac/dc/ac fed induction motor drive systems. It describes the benefits of the integrated PWM converter/inverter fed induction motor drive. It classified the integrated PWM converter/inverter systems into two types independent and dependent systems. It demonstrates some ideas for the control algorithms of these types of integrated systems. Chapter two introduces the mathematical model for the PWM converter. It explains the space vector PWM (SVPWM) method for
MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THREE-PHASE INDUCTION MOTORS WITH SINGLE-PHASE POWER SUPPLY
V.S. Malyar
2016-06-01
Full Text Available Aim. Development of a method for calculating mechanical characteristics of three-phase induction motors with single-phase power supply. Methods. The developed algorithm is based on the high-adequacy mathematical model of motor and projection method for solving the boundary problem for equations of electrical circuits balance presented in the three-phase coordinate system. As a result of asymmetry of power supply to the stator windings, in steady state, flux-linkage and current change according to the periodic law. They are determined by solving the boundary problem. Results. The developed mathematical model allows determining periodic dependence of coordinates as a function of slip and, based on them, mechanical characteristics of motors. Academic novelty. The developed method relies on a completely new mathematical approach to calculation of stationary modes of nonlinear electromagnetic circuits, which allows obtaining periodic solution in a timeless domain. Practical value. Using the developed calculation algorithm, one can select capacitance required to start an induction motor with single-phase power supply and calculate static mechanical characteristics at a given capacitance.
Induction motor rotor fault diagnosis method based on double PQ transformation
HUANG Jin; NIU Faliang; YANG Jiaqiang
2007-01-01
This Paper presents a new rotor fault diagnosis method for induction motors which is based on the double PQ transformation.We construct the PQ transformation matrix with the positive sequence fundamental voltage components and their Hilbert transformation as elements.The active power P and the reactive power Q are obtained through the PO transformation of the stator currents.As both P and Q are constant for a healthy motor,they are represented by a dot on the PQ plane.Whereas the P and Q for a rotor broken bar motor are represented by an ellipse because they comprise an additional frequency component 2sfs (s is the slip and js is the supply frequency).Thus,by distinguishing these two different patterns.the rotor broken bar fault is detected.We use the major radius of the ellipse as the fault indicator and the distance between the point of no-load condition and the center of the ellipse on the PQ plane as its normalization value.We thus arrive at the fault severity factor which is fairly independent of the load level and the inertia value of the induction motors.Experimental results have demonstrated that the proposed method is effective in identifying the rotor-broken-bars fault and at determining the severity of the fault.
Electromechanical performance of induction motor/drive systems subjected to voltage sags
Tunaboylu, Serdar N.
Induction Motors are workhorses for many industries. They are extensively utilized in industrial variable-frequency drive (VFD) or adjustable-speed drive (ASD) applications as well as constant speed applications. Recent advances in power electronics have made AC motor drives an economically viable solution for ASD applications traditionally dominated by dc motor drives. In this study, electromechanical performance variables of an Induction Motor (IM) have been studied during the balanced voltage sags. For this purpose a laboratory prototype of an industrial mixer has been designed. IM has been coupled to a speed reducer that is worm gear type with a ratio 10 to 1. Then the reducer is vertically coupled to a food process mixer within a metal canister. The mixer represents a high friction load with practically zero inertia. Voltage, current, speed, and power measurements have been collected and compared with the simulation results from Simnon. An open-loop control Volts per Hertz boost strategy has been used in order to compensate the speed loss during the three-phase balanced voltage sags. Both compensated and uncompensated cases have been run and compared with simulation results. Results are verified with a reasonably good agreement that the total system modeling is successful and boost compensation circuit is effective.
Single-current-sensor-based active front-end-converter-fed four quadrants induction motor drive
JOSEPH KIRAN BANDA; AMIT KUMAR JAIN
2017-08-01
Induction motor (IM) is a workhorse of the industry, whose dynamics can be modified close to that of a separately excited DC machine by field-oriented control technique, which is commonly known as vector control of induction machine. This paper presents a complete performance of the field-oriented control of IM drive in all four quadrants with a single-current-sensor-based active front end converter whose work is to regulate DC link voltage, draw pure sinusoidal currents at unity power factor and to facilitate bi-directional power flow between the grid and the drive. The entire system is completely modelled in MATLAB/SIMULINK and the results are discussed in detail. The vector control analogy of the back to back converters is highlighted along with the experimental results of field-oriented control of induction machine using a dsPIC30F6010A digital signal controller.
Ahn, Ick Keun; Kim, You Lim; Bae, Young-Hyeon; Lee, Suk Min
2015-01-01
Objectives. The purpose of this cross-sectional single-blind study was to investigate the immediate effects of Kinesiology taping of quadriceps on motor performance after muscle fatigued induction. Design. Randomized controlled cross-sectional design. Subjects. Forty-five subjects participated in this study. Participants were divided into three groups: Kinesiology taping group, placebo taping group, and nontaping group. Methods. Subjects performed short-term exercise for muscle fatigued induction, followed by the application of each intervention. Peak torque test, one-leg single hop test, active joint position sense test, and one-leg static balance test were carried out before and after the intervention. Results. Peak torque and single-leg hopping distance were significantly increased when Kinesiology taping was applied (p Kinesiology taping is effective in restoring muscle power reduced after muscle fatigued induction. Therefore, we suggest that Kinesiology taping is beneficial for fatigued muscles.
Shnibha, R. A.; Albarabar, A. S.
2012-05-01
This paper is concerned with accurate, early and reliable induction motor IM fault detection and diagnosis using an enhanced power parameter measurement technique. IM protection devices typically monitor the motor current and/or voltage to provide the motor protection from e.g. current overload, over/under voltage, etc. One of the interesting parameters to monitor is the operating power factor (PF) of the IM which provides better under-load protection compared to the motor current based approaches. The PF of the motor is determined by the level of the current and voltage that are drawn, and offers non-intrusive monitoring. Traditionally, PF estimation would require both voltage and the current measurements to apply the displacement method. This paper will use a method of determining the operating PF of the IM using only the measured current and the manufacturer data that are typically available from the nameplate and/or datasheet for IM monitoring. The novelty of this work lies in detecting very low phase imbalance related faults and misalignment. Much of the previous work has dealt with detecting phase imbalance faults at higher degrees of severity, i.e. voltage drops of 10% or more. The technique was tested by empirical measurements on test rig comprised a 1.1 kW variable speed three phase induction motor with varying output load (No load, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% load). One common faults was introduced; imbalance in one phase as the electrical fault The experimental results demonstrate that the PF can be successfully applied for IM fault diagnosis and the present study shows that severity fault detection using PF is promising. The proposed method offers a potentially reliable, non-intrusive, and inexpensive CM tool which can be implemented with real-time monitoring systems
Negadi Karim
2010-01-01
Full Text Available Sensor less induction motor drives are widely used in industry for their reliability and flexibility. However, rotor flux and speed sensors are required for vector control of induction motor. These sensors are sources of trouble, mainly in hostile environments, and their application reduces the drive robustness. The cost of the sensors is not also negligible. All the reasons lead to development of different sensor less methods for rotor flux and mechanical speed estimation in electrical drives. The paper deals with the speed estimators for applications in sensor less induction motor drive with vector control, which are based on application of model adaptive, based sliding mode observer methods. This paper presents the development and DSP implementation of the speed estimators for applications in sensor less drives with induction motor.
孙逢春; 翟丽; 张承宁; 彭连云
2003-01-01
A vector control system for electric vehicle (EV) induction motor drive system is designed and developed. Its hardware system based on dual CPU(microcomputer 80C196KC and DSP TMS320F2407) is implemented. The fundamental mathematics equations of induction motor in the general synchronously rotating reference frame (M-T frame) used for vector control are achieved by coordinate transformation. Rotor flux equation and torque equation are deduced. According to these equations, an induction motor mathematical model and rotor flux observer model are built separately. The rotor flux field-oriented vector control method is implemented based on these models in system software, some of the simulation results with Matab/Simulink are given. The simulation results show that the vector control system for EV induction motor drive system has better static and dynamic performance, and the rotor flux field-oriented vector control method was practically verified.
Application to induction motor faults diagnosis of the amplitude recovery method combined with FFT
Liu, Yukun; Guo, Liwei; Wang, Qixiang; An, Guoqing; Guo, Ming; Lian, Hao
2010-11-01
This paper presents a signal processing method - amplitude recovery method (abbreviated to ARM) - that can be used as the signal pre-processing for fast Fourier transform (FFT) in order to analyze the spectrum of the other-order harmonics rather than the fundamental frequency in stator currents and diagnose subtle faults in induction motors. In this situation, the ARM functions as a filter that can filter out the component of the fundamental frequency from three phases of stator currents of the induction motor. The filtering result of the ARM can be provided to FFT to do further spectrum analysis. In this way, the amplitudes of other-order frequencies can be extracted and analyzed independently. If the FFT is used without the ARM pre-processing and the components of other-order frequencies, compared to the fundamental frequency, are fainter, the amplitudes of other-order frequencies are not able easily to extract out from stator currents. The reason is when the FFT is used direct to analyze the original signal, all the frequencies in the spectrum analysis of original stator current signal have the same weight. The ARM is capable of separating the other-order part in stator currents from the fundamental-order part. Compared to the existent digital filters, the ARM has the benefits, including its stop-band narrow enough just to stop the fundamental frequency, its simple operations of algebra and trigonometry without any integration, and its deduction direct from mathematics equations without any artificial adjustment. The ARM can be also used by itself as a coarse-grained diagnosis of faults in induction motors when they are working. These features can be applied to monitor and diagnose the subtle faults in induction motors to guard them from some damages when they are in operation. The diagnosis application of ARM combined with FFT is also displayed in this paper with the experimented induction motor. The test results verify the rationality and feasibility of the
Bekheïra Tabbache
2012-01-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with sensor fault detection within a reconfigurable direct torque control of an induction motor-based electric vehicle. The proposed strategy concerns current, voltage, and speed sensors faults that are detected and followed by post fault-tolerant control to allow the vehicle continuous operation. The proposed approach is validated through experiments on an induction motor drive and simulations on an electric vehicle using a European urban and extraurban driving cycle.
Abolfazl Halavei Niasar; Ehsan Boloor Kashani
2013-01-01
Induction motors offer many advantages tools, and therefore are becoming very popular industrially and commercially. This paper presents the implementation of Xmega microcontroller based PWM inverter controlled of four-switch three phase voltage source inverter (FSTPI) fed induction motor drive. The reduction of the number of power switches from six to four improves the cost effectiveness, volume-compactness and reliability of the three phase inverters in addition to less complexity of contro...
Control Demonstration of Multiple Doubly-Fed Induction Motors for Hybrid Electric Propulsion
Sadey, David J.; Bodson, Marc; Csank, Jeffrey T.; Hunker, Keith R.; Theman, Casey J.; Taylor, Linda M.
2017-01-01
The Convergent Aeronautics Solutions (CAS) High Voltage-Hybrid Electric Propulsion (HVHEP) task was formulated to support the move into future hybrid-electric aircraft. The goal of this project is to develop a new AC power architecture to support the needs of higher efficiency and lower emissions. This proposed architecture will adopt the use of the doubly-fed induction machine (DFIM) for propulsor drive motor application.The Convergent Aeronautics Solutions (CAS) High Voltage-Hybrid Electric Propulsion (HVHEP) task was formulated to support the move into future hybrid-electric aircraft. The goal of this project is to develop a new AC power architecture to support the needs of higher efficiency and lower emissions. This proposed architecture will adopt the use of the doubly-fed induction machine (DFIM) for propulsor drive motor application. DFIMs are attractive for several reasons, including but not limited to the ability to self-start, ability to operate sub- and super-synchronously, and requiring only fractionally rated power converters on a per-unit basis depending on the required range of operation. The focus of this paper is based specifically on the presentation and analysis of a novel strategy which allows for independent operation of each of the aforementioned doubly-fed induction motors. This strategy includes synchronization, soft-start, and closed loop speed control of each motor as a means of controlling output thrust; be it concurrently or differentially. The demonstration of this strategy has recently been proven out on a low power test bed using fractional horsepower machines. Simulation and hardware test results are presented in the paper.
Detection of Bearing Faults of Induction Motor Using Park’s Vector Approach
Ratna Dahiya
2010-08-01
Full Text Available The reliability of an induction motor is of paramount importance in industrial, commercial, aerospace and military applications. Bearing play an important role in the reliability and performance of all motor systems. Due to close relationship between motor system development and bearing assembly performance, it is difficult to imagine the progress of modern rotating machinery without consideration of the wide application of bearing. Most faults arising in motors are often linked to bearing faults. This paper presents an experimental study to diagnose the bearing fault with help of Park’s vector approach. The experiment is conducted on 0.5 hp three phaseinduction motor. The bearing faults are replicated in the laboratory by drilling the outer and inner race of ball bearing with help of electric discharge machining. The LabVIEW software is used in the experiment to acquire the signal. The acquired signal is analyzed with Park vector approach. The current Park’s vector presentation is generated by programming in LabVIEW. The practical results show that Park’s Vector approach is an effective technique to diagnose the bearing fault at early stage.
Sundaram Maruthachalam
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Problem statement: The Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM is an old member of the Electric Machines Family. Its simple structure, ruggedness and inexpensive manufacturing capability make it more attractive for Industrial applications. Now, the applications of switched reluctance motors in various industrial fields are tried by many engineers. However, switched reluctance motors are not used so far in submersible underwater motor for agriculture purposee. The torque developed by an SRM is dependent on the change of flux-linkage and rotor position. The flux linkage characteristic of the motor is required to make the control circuit. Since the SRM is non-linear in nature, estimation and calculation of the flux linkage characteristics is very difficult. Approach: With the flux tube method concept a simple algorithm is being developed in a MATLAB. ANSYS Software is used to determine the flux distribution at various rotor positions. Results: The aligned and unaligned flux linkage values for theoretical calculation at a current of 7 A is 72.7 mwb and 13.79 mwb respectively. With FEA simulation the obtained value is 92.73 mwb and 19.175. Conclusion: In this and, a simplified method for the determination of flux linkage characteristics of submersible SRM using MATLAB has been presented. The obtained value has been validated with the ANSYS FEM method. the calculated unaligned and aligned inductance values of a 4- phase, 3 hp, 220 V Submersible SRM using simplified MATLAB method very much matches with the ANSYS FEM Method.
无
1999-01-01
In this paper, by using a matrix technique, a dynamic model of high power-factor induction motor with floating winding in parallel connection with capacitors is established. Then, the starting performance of this motor is analyzed by computer simulation. By comparison of the tested and computed results, which are in good agreement, the dynamic model and simulative method are verified.
G.M. Golenkov
2014-03-01
Full Text Available The paper presents results of computer simulation and experimental study of magnetic induction distribution in a coaxial linear motor air gap throughout the length of the runner active part at different heights of the air gap between the runner and the inductor magnetic core for motors with axial and radial direction of the permanent magnets magnetization.
Lee, Kyo-Beum; Huh, Sung-Hoe; Yoo, Ji-Yoon
2005-01-01
A stable sensorless controller for DTC of induction motor fed by three-level inverter using the Radial Basis Function Network (RBFN) is presented in this paper. The torque ripple can be drastically reduced and low speed performance can be obtained in the DTC system for high performance induction ...
A.G. Sereda
2015-06-01
Full Text Available Purpose. Theoretical justification and engineering of induction motors heat protection method from overload currents taking into account nonlinear distortion of the phase current and implementation as a microprocessor device functioning algorithm. Methodology. To solve the problem used the theory of the representing complex harmonic oscillations analog signals expansion into the oscillation spectrum forming elementary harmonic components in order to compare their properties by applying the theory of discrete signals and systems, as well as methods of spectral analysis and discrete signals filtering. The harmonic analysis versatility is that any periodic signal may be synthesized from harmonic oscillation of certain amplitude, frequency and initial phase. A mathematical model for determining the phase current harmonic content of power supply networks with isolated neutral and non-linear loads types and, as a consequence, the distortion of sinusoidal phase current change is developed by multiplying the analog current in time dependency on the grate delta-function with different sampling intervals, in which the use of simple and widely used in relay protection units, in particular electronic overcurrent relays, mathematical operations of integration squares instantaneous current allows the most in harmony with the mathematical tools to build other network protection types. Findings. The necessity to increase the sensitivity of the induction motors heat protection from overload currents taking into account nonlinear distortion of the phase currents is proved. By nonlinear distortion harmonic analysis of the phase currents the motor protection reliability increasing provided by taking into account the higher harmonic components of the phase currents, which causes to additional losses and heating of the stator winding. It uses the simplest and widely used in protective relaying mathematical apparatus determining of most significant higher harmonics
The pulsed linear induction motor concept for high-speed trains
Turman, B.N.; Marder, B.M.; Rohwein, G.J.; Aeschliman, D.P.; Kelley, J.B.; Cowan, M.; Zimmerman, R.M.
1995-06-01
The SERAPBIM (SEgmented RAil PHased Induction Motor) concept is a linear induction motor concept which uses rapidly-pulsed magnetic fields and a segmented reaction rail, as opposed to low-frequency fields and continuous reaction rails found in conventional linear induction motors. These improvements give a high-traction, compact, and efficient linear motor that has potential for advanced high speed rail propulsion. In the SERAPBIM concept, coils on the vehicle push against a segmented aluminum rail, which is mounted on the road bed. Current is pulsed as the coils cross an edge of the segmented rail, inducing surface currents which repel the coil. The coils must be pulsed in synchronization with the movement by reaction rail segments. This is provided by a sense-and-fire circuit that controls the pulsing of the power modulators. Experiments were conducted to demonstrate the feasibility of the pulsed induction motor and to collect data that could be used for scaling calculations. A 14.4 kg aluminum plate was accelerated down a 4 m track to speeds of over 15 m/sec with peak thrust up to 18 kN per coilset. For a trainset capable of 200 mph speed, the SERAPHIM concept design is based on coils which are each capable of producing up to 3.5 kN thrust, and 30 coil pairs are mounted on each power car. Two power cars, one at each end of the train, provide 6 MW from two gas turbine prime power units. The thrust is about 210.000 N and is essentially constant up to 200 km/hr since wheel slippage does not limit thrust as with conventional wheeled propulsion. A key component of the SERAPHIM concept is the use of passive wheel-on-rah support for the high speed vehicle. Standard steel wheels are capable of handling over 200 mph. The SERAPHIM cost is comparable to that for steel-wheel high-speed rail, and about 10% to 25% of the projected costs for a comparable Maglev system.
Khaled N. Faris
2015-12-01
Full Text Available According to various advantages of linear induction motor (LIM, such as high starting thrust force, high speed operation and reduction of mechanical losses, more applications have utilized this type of motors. Direct Thrust Control (DTC technique is considered as one of the most efficient techniques that can be used for LIM. DTC is preferable to give a fast and good dynamic thrust response. So, to improve the accuracy and robustness of contouring control for CNC machine tools, linear induction motors with a direct thrust control technique are introduced for driving these machines. An industry standard motion control system is applied for reducing the tracking error and improving the desired accuracy. Different loading conditions are simulated to validate the reliability and robustness of the introduced system to match the application field. The proposed system is simulated using the MATLAB/SIMULINK Package; simulation results validated both tracking accuracy and robustness of the proposed motion control system for contouring control for a CNC (Computer Numerical Control milling machine.
ANFIS Control Scheme for the Speed Control of the Induction Motor
Shashank D. Bonde
2014-03-01
Full Text Available An adaptive neuro fuzzy inference strategy (ANFIS provides a nonlinear modeling of motor drive system and motor‟s speed can accurately track the reference signal. ANFIS has the advantages of employing expert knowledge from fuzzy inference system and the learning capability of neural networks. An (ANFIS for controlling speed of induction motor is presented in this paper. Induction motors are characterized by highly non-linear, time-varying dynamics, complex and inaccessibility of some of the states and outputs provide for measurements. A control signal develop depending on fuzzy based controllers which yields on the firing of rule base, this rule base written on previous experiences & also these rules are fired as random in nature. The proper rule base is selected depending upon the situation and it can be achieved using an ANFIS controller, this becomes an integrated method for the control purposes & produces excellent results, this is the highlight of this paper. The proposed (ANFIS controller is compared with PI controller by computer simulation through the MATLAB/SIMULINK software. In ANFIS scheme, neural network techniques provide for a proper rule base, is achieved using the back propagation algorithm. This integrated approach improves the system performance, cost-effectiveness, efficiency, reliability of the designed controller.
Optimal Fuzzy Controller Tuned by TV-PSO for Induction Motor Speed Control
KULIC, F.
2011-02-01
Full Text Available This paper reports an automated procedure for the design of an optimal fuzzy logic controller to be used as an induction motor speed controller. The procedure consists of selection of a suitable well known fuzzy logic controller and tuning via particle swarm optimization optimal for the selected criteria. In this way the time required for tuning of the controller is significantly reduced in comparison with trial and error methods. As a benchmark a proportional-integral (PI controller is used. The PI controller is tuned via the symmetrical optimum procedure, the standard procedure for tuning a speed controller of an induction motor. Simulation results are obtained via a mathematical model developed in Matlab/Simulink. Experimental verification is carried out with a laboratory model based on the DS1104 digital control card. To minimize iron losses and to provide better motor performance for low loads, flux is reduced from nominal and speed is kept below nominal. Results are presented in tables and graphics. The optimal fuzzy logic controller provides a slight practical advantage.
A new diagnosis of broken rotor bar fault extent in three phase squirrel cage induction motor
Shi, Pu; Chen, Zheng; Vagapov, Yuriy; Zouaoui, Zoubir
2014-01-01
This paper proposes a new induction motor broken bar fault extent diagnostic approach under varying load conditions based on wavelet coefficients of stator current in a specific frequency band. In this paper, winding function approach (WFA) is used to develop a mathematical model to provide indication references for parameters under different load levels and different fault cases. It is shown that rise of number of broken bars and load levels increases amplitude of the particular side band components of the stator currents in faulty case. Stator current, rotor speed and torque are used to demonstrate the relationship between these parameters and broken rotor bar severity. An induction motor with 1, 2 and 3 broken bars and the motor with 3 broken bars in experiment at no-load, 50% and 100% load are investigated. A novel criterion is then developed to assess rotor fault severity based on the stator current and the rotor speed. Simulations and experimental results confirm the validity of the proposed approach.
High-power CSI-fed induction motor drive with optimal power distribution based control
Kwak, S.-S.
2011-11-01
In this article, a current source inverter (CSI) fed induction motor drive with an optimal power distribution control is proposed for high-power applications. The CSI-fed drive is configured with a six-step CSI along with a pulsewidth modulated voltage source inverter (PWM-VSI) and capacitors. Due to the PWM-VSI and the capacitor, sinusoidal motor currents and voltages with high quality as well as natural commutation of the six-step CSI can be obtained. Since this CSI-fed drive can deliver required output power through both the six-step CSI and PWM-VSI, this article shows that the kVA ratings of both the inverters can be reduced by proper real power distribution. The optimal power distribution under load requirements, based on power flow modelling of the CSI-fed drive, is proposed to not only minimise the PWM-VSI rating but also reduce the six-step CSI rating. The dc-link current control of the six-step CSI is developed to realise the optimal power distribution. Furthermore, a vector controlled drive for high-power induction motors is proposed based on the optimal power distribution. Experimental results verify the high-power CSI-fed drive with the optimal power distribution control.
Aziri, Hasif; Patakor, Fizatul Aini; Sulaiman, Marizan; Salleh, Zulhisyam
2017-09-01
This paper presents the simulation of three-phase induction motor drives using Indirect Field Oriented Control (IFOC) in PSIM environment. The asynchronous machine is well known about natural limitations fact of highly nonlinearity and complexity of motor model. In order to resolve these problems, the IFOC is applied to control the instantaneous electrical quantities such as torque and flux component. As FOC is controlling the stator current that represented by a vector, the torque component is aligned with d coordinate while the flux component is aligned with q coordinate. There are five levels of the incremental system are gradually built up to verify and testing the software module in the system. Indeed, all of system build levels are verified and successfully tested in PSIM environment. Moreover, the corresponding system of five build levels are simulated in PSIM environment which is user-friendly for simulation studies in order to explore the performance of speed responses based on IFOC algorithm for three-phase induction motor drives.
Noise and Vibration Monitoring for Premium Efficiency IE 3 Three-Phase Induction Motors
NISTOR, C. G.
2015-08-01
Full Text Available The paper presents the original SV-100 platform that enables low-cost and very high accuracy determinations of noise and vibration levels. The aim of the proposed platform is to achieve an effective integration of the two topics of this analysis: vibrations and noises. To the best of our knowledge, no low price, dedicated compact platform with embedded measuring instruments exists. For proving the practical utility of the proposed platform, two induction motors of 7.5 kW and 11 kW, respectively, in single-layer winding, at 1000 rpm, with IE3 premium efficiency were analyzed. This analysis is required because, according to IEC60034-30 standard, the IE3 efficiency standard has become mandatory for induction motors of rated power greater than 7.5 kW. Therefore, in order to improve the motor operating efficiency, the power losses caused by noises and vibrations have to be reduced. Several variants of supply were studied, i.e., by the three-phase 50 Hz network and by a three-phase inverter at 40, 50 and 60 Hz, respectively. The experimental determinations of noises are presented comparatively, by using a Bruel&Kjaer sonometer and by using the new platform SV-100. The results are compared with the IEC60034 standard.
Submerged electricity generation plane with marine current-driven motors
Dehlsen, James G.P.; Dehlsen, James B.; Fleming, Alexander
2014-07-01
An underwater apparatus for generating electric power from ocean currents and deep water tides. A submersible platform including two or more power pods, each having a rotor with fixed-pitch blades, with drivetrains housed in pressure vessels that are connected by a transverse structure providing buoyancy, which can be a wing depressor, hydrofoil, truss, or faired tube. The platform is connected to anchors on the seafloor by forward mooring lines and a vertical mooring line that restricts the depth of the device in the water column. The platform operates using passive, rather than active, depth control. The wing depressor, along with rotor drag loads, ensures the platform seeks the desired operational current velocity. The rotors are directly coupled to a hydraulic pump that drives at least one constant-speed hydraulic-motor generator set and enables hydraulic braking. A fluidic bearing decouples non-torque rotor loads to the main shaft driving the hydraulic pumps.
Submerged electricity generation plane with marine current-driven motors
Dehlsen, James G.P.; Dehlsen, James B.; Fleming, Alexander
2014-07-01
An underwater apparatus for generating electric power from ocean currents and deep water tides. A submersible platform including two or more power pods, each having a rotor with fixed-pitch blades, with drivetrains housed in pressure vessels that are connected by a transverse structure providing buoyancy, which can be a wing depressor, hydrofoil, truss, or faired tube. The platform is connected to anchors on the seafloor by forward mooring lines and a vertical mooring line that restricts the depth of the device in the water column. The platform operates using passive, rather than active, depth control. The wing depressor, along with rotor drag loads, ensures the platform seeks the desired operational current velocity. The rotors are directly coupled to a hydraulic pump that drives at least one constant-speed hydraulic-motor generator set and enables hydraulic braking. A fluidic bearing decouples non-torque rotor loads to the main shaft driving the hydraulic pumps.
Direct Torque Control of Sensorless Induction Motor Drives: A Sliding-Mode Approach
Lascu, Cristian; Boldea, Ion; Blaabjerg, Frede
2004-01-01
-vector pulsewidth modulation is proposed for induction motor sensorless drives. The DTC transient merits and robustness are preserved and the steady-state behaviour is improved by reducing the torque and flux pulsations. A sliding-mode observer using a dual reference frame motor model is introduced and tested......Direct torque control (DTC) is known to produce fast response and robust control in ac adjustable-speed drives. However, in the steady-state operation, notable torque, flux, and current pulsations occur. A new, direct torque and flux control strategy based on variable-structure control and space....... Simulations and comparative experimental results with the proposed control scheme, versus classic DTC, are presented. Very-low-speed sensorless operation (3 r/min) is demonstrated....
Steady-state and Transient Characteristics of a New Constant V/f Controlled Induction Motor
Tsuji, Mineo; Zhao, Xiaodan; Hamasaki, Shin-Ichi
This paper presents a new constant V/f control method for induction motors and discusses the speed characteristics for steady-state and transient operations. In the proposed method, vector control is applied, and auto-boost voltage compensation for the voltage drop across the stator impedance and slip frequency compensation for improving speed control accuracy are included. The feasible operating region of the proposed method is discussed by using a vector locus. A linear model is proposed, and the stability of the V/f control system is analyzed by using the root locus to design a control parameter. The effectiveness of proposed V/f control method is demonstrated by simulation and experiment for motoring and regenerating operations.
High Ripples Reduction in DTC of Induction Motor by Using a New Reduced Switching Table
Mokhtari, Bachir; Benkhoris, Mohamed F.
2016-05-01
The direct torque and flux control (DTC) of electrical motors is characterized by ripples of torque and flux. Among the many solutions proposed to reduce them is to use modified switching tables which is very advantageous; because its implementation is easy and requires no additional cost compared to other solutions. This paper proposes a new reduced switching table (RST) to improve the DTC by reducing harmful ripples of torque and flux. This new switching table is smaller than the conventional one (CST) and depends principally at the flux error. This solution is studied by simulation under Matlab/Simulink and experimentally validated on a testbed with DSPACE1103. The results obtained of a DTC with RST applied to a three-phase induction motor (IM) show a good improvement and an effectiveness of proposed solution, the torque ripple decreases about 47% and 3% for the stator flux compared with a basic DTC.
PI controller design for indirect vector controlled induction motor: A decoupling approach.
Jain, Jitendra Kr; Ghosh, Sandip; Maity, Somnath; Dworak, Pawel
2017-09-01
Decoupling of the stator currents is important for smoother torque response of indirect vector controlled induction motors. Typically, feedforward decoupling is used to take care of current coupling that requires exact knowledge of motor parameters, additional circuitry and signal processing. In this paper, a method is proposed to design the regulating proportional-integral gains that minimize coupling without any requirement of the additional decoupler. The variation of the coupling terms for change in load torque is considered as the performance measure. An iterative linear matrix inequality based H∞ control design approach is used to obtain the controller gains. A comparison between the feedforward and the proposed decoupling schemes is presented through simulation and experimental results. The results show that the proposed scheme is simple yet effective even without additional block or burden on signal processing. Copyright © 2017 ISA. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Digital Phase Locked Loop Induction Motor Speed Controller: Design and Experiments
Mouna BEN HAMED
2012-08-01
Full Text Available Phase locked loop (PLL is a technique which has contributed significantly toward the technology advancement in communication and motor servo control systems. Inventions in PLL schemes combining with novel integrated circuit have made PLL devices important system components. The development of better modular PLL integrated circuit is continuing. As a result, it is expected that it will contribute to improvement in performance and reliability for communication and servo control systems. In this paper, the study of the speed control of induction motor (IM drives using digital phase locked loop (DPLL is discussed. A novel scalar law which compensates the slip frequency loop calculation is proposed. The overall investigated system is tested using a 1Kw IM. Different speed trajectories are considered covering the realistic operating range. The PLL IM drives controller is implemented all around the most popular integrated circuits 4046 PLL. Experimental results are presented to show the performance of the investigated control system.
Torque Ripple Reduction in Direct Torque Control Based Induction Motor using Intelligent Controllers
Sudhakar, Ambarapu; Vijaya Kumar, M.
2015-09-01
This paper presents intelligent control scheme together with conventional control scheme to overcome the problems with uncertainties in the structure encountered with classical model based design of induction motor drive based on direct torque control (DTC). It allows high dynamic performance to be obtained with very simple hysteresis control scheme. Direct control of the torque and flux is achieved by proper selection of inverter voltage space vector through a lookup table. This paper also presents the application of intelligent controllers like neural network and fuzzy logic controllers to control induction machines with DTC. Intelligent controllers are used to emulate the state selector of the DTC. With implementation of intelligent controllers the system is also verified and proved to be operated stably with reduced torque ripple. The proposed method validity and effectiveness has been verified by computer simulations using Matlab/Simulink®. These results are compared with the ones obtained with a classical DTC using proportional integral speed controller.
Influence of parameters detuning on induction motor NFO shaft-sensorless scheme
KULIC, F.
2010-11-01
Full Text Available In this paper, the parameter sensitivity analysis of shaft-sensorless induction motor drive with natural field orientation (NFO scheme is performed. NFO scheme calculates rotor flux position using the rotor flux vector reference only, does not require significant processor power and therefore it is suitable for low cost shaft sensorless drives. This concept also eliminates the need for sensitive stator voltage vector integration and it is usable in low rotor speed range. However, low speeds are coupled with low stator voltage amplitudes, which inflate the NFO scheme sensitivity to an error in stator resistance parameter. Similar problems can also take place if mutual inductance parameter is detuned, but this time in whole speed range. This paper investigates the influence of each parameter error on the NFO control steady state characteristics and dynamic performance.
High Performance Direct Torque Control of Induction Motor Drives Using Space Vector Modulation
S. Allirani
2010-11-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a simple approach to design and implement Direct Torque Control technique for voltage source inverter fed induction motor drives. The direct torque control is one of the excellent strategies available for torque control of induction machine. It is considered as an alternative to field oriented control technique. The Direct Torque Control scheme is characterized by the absence of PI regulators, co-ordinate transformations, current regulators and pulse width modulated signal generators. Direct Torque Control allows a good torque control in steady state and transient operating conditions. The direct torque control technique based on space vector modulation and switching table has been developed and presented in this paper.
Stator Design and Air Gap Optimization of High Speed Drag-Cup Induction Motor using FEM
VUKOSAVIC, S. N.
2013-08-01
Full Text Available A huge number of modern applications nowadays require the use of high speed electrical machines which need to be highly optimized in order to achieve the best efficiency and the lowest mass and price. The low rotor inertia is also an important requirement in order to reduce rotor kinetic energy. The subject of this paper is high speed drag-cup induction motor (IM with low inertia which is designed for use as an auxiliary motor in automotive systems such as Kinetic Energy Recovery System (KERS in Formula 1. This work presents the procedure for stator design and optimization of the air gap length and rotor thickness of this kind of motor in order to achieve the highest efficiency in the speed range of interest. Simple procedure for stator dimensioning was developed and it was shown how the optimal number of stator conductors could be calculated. The effect of change in rotor thickness and air gap lengths on motor performance is demonstrated through some analytical considerations. The machine is then modeled in FEM software by means of which the optimization of the air gap and rotor thickness was performed. At the end, the simulation results were presented and analyzed and conclusions were drawn.
Vectorial Command of Induction Motor Pumping System Supplied by a Photovoltaic Generator
Makhlouf, Messaoud; Messai, Feyrouz; Benalla, Hocine
2011-01-01
With the continuous decrease of the cost of solar cells, there is an increasing interest and needs in photovoltaic (PV) system applications following standard of living improvements. Water pumping system powered by solar-cell generators are one of the most important applications. The fluctuation of solar energy on one hand, and the necessity to optimise available solar energy on the other, it is useful to develop new efficient and flexible modes to control motors that entrain the pump. A vectorial control of an asynchronous motor fed by a photovoltaic system is proposed. This paper investigates a photovoltaic-electro mechanic chain, composed of a PV generator, DC-AC converter, a vector controlled induction motor and centrifugal pump. The PV generator is forced to operate at its maximum power point by using an appropriate search algorithm integrated in the vector control. The optimization is realized without need to adding a DC-DC converter to the chain. The motor supply is also ensured in all insolation conditions. Simulation results show the effectiveness and feasibility of such an approach.
Energy optimized sliding-mode control of sensorless induction motor drives
Hajian, M.; Soltani, J.; Hoseinnia, S. [Faculty of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Isfahan Univ. of Technology, Isfahan (Iran); Arab Markadeh, G.R. [Faculty of Engineering, Univ. of Shahrekord, Shahrekord (Iran)
2009-09-15
In this paper a sensorless sliding-mode (SM) direct torque and flux control is described for three-phase induction motor (IM) drive. The IM drive is supplied with a two level space vector modulation (SVM) voltage source inverter. A conventional PI speed controller is employed to generate the desired torque command in the case of speed control. Stator and rotor flux vectors are estimated using a sliding-mode observer and are employed in rotor speed estimation. Moreover, the IM model includes the iron losses through a speed dependent shunt resistance in the motor two axis equivalent circuits. Motor efficiency is also optimized by adjusting the magnitude of the stator flux reference for each value of motor load and speed. For this purpose, an on-line search method (OSM) is adopted. According to this method, for each given value of load torque and rotor speed, the stator flux reference is adjusted so that the average of real input power becomes minimized. Simulation and experimental results are presented to show the capability and validity of the proposed control scheme. (author)
Methodology for fault detection in induction motors via sound and vibration signals
Delgado-Arredondo, Paulo Antonio; Morinigo-Sotelo, Daniel; Osornio-Rios, Roque Alfredo; Avina-Cervantes, Juan Gabriel; Rostro-Gonzalez, Horacio; Romero-Troncoso, Rene de Jesus
2017-01-01
Nowadays, timely maintenance of electric motors is vital to keep up the complex processes of industrial production. There are currently a variety of methodologies for fault diagnosis. Usually, the diagnosis is performed by analyzing current signals at a steady-state motor operation or during a start-up transient. This method is known as motor current signature analysis, which identifies frequencies associated with faults in the frequency domain or by the time-frequency decomposition of the current signals. Fault identification may also be possible by analyzing acoustic sound and vibration signals, which is useful because sometimes this information is the only available. The contribution of this work is a methodology for detecting faults in induction motors in steady-state operation based on the analysis of acoustic sound and vibration signals. This proposed approach uses the Complete Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition for decomposing the signal into several intrinsic mode functions. Subsequently, the frequency marginal of the Gabor representation is calculated to obtain the spectral content of the IMF in the frequency domain. This proposal provides good fault detectability results compared to other published works in addition to the identification of more frequencies associated with the faults. The faults diagnosed in this work are two broken rotor bars, mechanical unbalance and bearing defects.
SPEED CONTROL FOR THREE PHASE INDUCTION MOTOR USING ADALINE NEURAL NETWORKS
Bogdan Codreş
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The speed control of the three phase induction motor is still a challenging problem. Although the results obtained by means of the conventional control are very good, many researches in this area are ongoing. The authors propose a different control approach based on artificial intelligence. The control signals for speed, torque and flux regulation are computed using three ADALINE (Adaptive Linear Neuron neural networks. The numerical simulations are made in Simulink and the obtained results are compared with the conventional drive approach (cascaded PI controller
Emotional Learning Based Intelligent Controllers for Rotor Flux Oriented Control of Induction Motor
Abdollahi, Rohollah; Farhangi, Reza; Yarahmadi, Ali
2014-08-01
This paper presents design and evaluation of a novel approach based on emotional learning to improve the speed control system of rotor flux oriented control of induction motor. The controller includes a neuro-fuzzy system with speed error and its derivative as inputs. A fuzzy critic evaluates the present situation, and provides the emotional signal (stress). The controller modifies its characteristics so that the critics stress is reduced. The comparative simulation results show that the proposed controller is more robust and hence found to be a suitable replacement of the conventional PI controller for the high performance industrial drive applications.
Identification of significant intrinsic mode functions for the diagnosis of induction motor fault.
Cho, Sangjin; Shahriar, Md Rifat; Chong, Uipil
2014-08-01
For the analysis of non-stationary signals generated by a non-linear process like fault of an induction motor, empirical mode decomposition (EMD) is the best choice as it decomposes the signal into its natural oscillatory modes known as intrinsic mode functions (IMFs). However, some of these oscillatory modes obtained from a fault signal are not significant as they do not bear any fault signature and can cause misclassification of the fault instance. To solve this issue, a novel IMF selection algorithm is proposed in this work.
Single neuron network PI control of high reliability linear induction motor for Maglev
FANG You-tong; FAN Cheng-zhi
2007-01-01
The paper deals with a new model of linear induction motor (LIM) to improve the reliability of the system. Based on the normal equation circuit of LIM considering the dynamic end effect, an equivalent circuit model with compensation of large end effect is constructed when the end effect force at synchronism is of braking character. The equivalent circuit model is used for secondary-flux oriented control of LIM. Single neuron network PI unit for LIM servo-drive is also discussed. The effectiveness of mathematical model for drive control is verified by simulations.
High Performance Control of Induction Motor for Wire Drawing Machine Based on DSP
Ahn, H.G.; Park, S.G.; Jin, S.O. [Changwon National University (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, Y.J. [IMI Engineering Co. (Korea, Republic of)
1997-04-01
This paper describes a high performance fully digital implementation of 15 Kw Induction Motor servo system for WDM(Wire Drawing Machine). On the basis of vector control principle, the system is controlled by a DSP(TMS320C31) and 18254 timer. Space vector modulation is used as the inverter switching strategy. The system is capable to improve the performance on the four quadrant operation for back-pull tension control. The proposed control scheme is verified by laboratory experiment in terms of control action, dynamic response and robustness. (author). 4 refs., 8 figs.
Implementation of Genetic Algorithm in Control Structure of Induction Motor A.C. Drive
BRANDSTETTER, P.
2014-11-01
Full Text Available Modern concepts of control systems with digital signal processors allow the implementation of time-consuming control algorithms in real-time, for example soft computing methods. The paper deals with the design and technical implementation of a genetic algorithm for setting proportional and integral gain of the speed controller of the A.C. drive with the vector-controlled induction motor. Important simulations and experimental measurements have been realized that confirm the correctness of the proposed speed controller tuned by the genetic algorithm and the quality speed response of the A.C. drive with changing parameters and disturbance variables, such as changes in load torque.
SHAO Li-wei; LIAO Xiao-zhong; ZHANG Yu-he
2007-01-01
Active disturbance rejection controller (ADRC) has good performance in induction motor (IM) control system, but controller parameter is difficult to tune. A method of tuning ADRC parameter by time scale is analyzed. The IM time scale is obtained by theoretical analysis. Combining the relations between scale time and ADRC parameters, ADRC parameter tuning in IM vector control based stator flux oriented is obtained. This parameter tuning method is validated by simulations and it provides a new technique for tuning of ADRC parameters of IM.
John Cortés-Romero
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The problem of active disturbance rejection control of induction motors is tackled by means of a generalized PI observer based discrete-time control, using the delta operator approach as the methodology of analyzing the sampled time process. In this scheme, model uncertainties and external disturbances are included in a general additive disturbance input which is to be online estimated and subsequently rejected via the controller actions. The observer carries out the disturbance estimation, thus reducing the complexity of the controller design. The controller efficiency is tested via some experimental results, performing a trajectory tracking task under load variations.
Speed control of induction motor using fuzzy recursive least squares technique
Santiago Sánchez
2008-12-01
Full Text Available A simple adaptive controller design is presented in this paper, the control system uses the adaptive fuzzy logic, sliding modes and is trained with the recursive least squares technique. The problem of parameter variation is solved with the adaptive controller; the use of an internal PI regulator produces that the speed control of the induction motor be achieved by the stator currents instead the input voltage. The rotor-flux oriented coordinated system model is used to develop and test the control system.
The variable speed drive VSD as ideal method for starting electric induction motors
Julio Alberto Carrillo-Romero
2013-07-01
Full Text Available By programming parameters, implementation of VSD reference CFW-11, and conducting starts with electric induction motors, with different characteristics, we analyze the behavior of the variables: voltage, current, torque and engine velocity to verify that the starting VSD method is the ideal. System graphs are obtained by implementing the tool "Trend" from SuperDriveG2 software, which are analyzed to determine the behavior of the application.
Voltage Control Scheme for Three Phase SVM Inverter Fed Induction Motor Drive Systems
U. SOWMMIYA
2010-12-01
Full Text Available This paper presents an efficient implementation scheme for the closed-loop voltage control of an induction motor incorporating ‘Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation (SVPWM‘. Voltage control is required to meet the variation in the input voltage and to regulate the output of the inverter. Space Vector Modulation (SVM is an algorithm for the control of Pulse Width Modulation (PWM. Comparative study has been made between SVM and PWM techniques. From the simulation results, SVM has reduced THD compared to pulse width modulation techniques. Thus, SVM gives better harmonic response and higher efficiency.
Prasenjit D. Wakode
2016-07-01
Full Text Available This paper presents the complete analysis of Linear Induction Motor (LIM under VVVF. The complete variation of LIM air gap flux under ‘blocked Linor’ condition and starting force is analyzed and presented when LIM is given VVVF supply. The analysis of this data is important in further understanding of the equivalent circuit parameters of LIM and to study the magnetic circuit of LIM. The variation of these parameters is important to know the LIM response at different frequencies. The simulation and application of different control strategies such as vector control thus becomes quite easy to apply and understand motor’s response under such strategy of control.
Particle Swarm Based Approach of a Real-Time Discrete Neural Identifier for Linear Induction Motors
Alma Y. Alanis
2013-01-01
Full Text Available This paper focusses on a discrete-time neural identifier applied to a linear induction motor (LIM model, whose model is assumed to be unknown. This neural identifier is robust in presence of external and internal uncertainties. The proposed scheme is based on a discrete-time recurrent high-order neural network (RHONN trained with a novel algorithm based on extended Kalman filter (EKF and particle swarm optimization (PSO, using an online series-parallel con figuration. Real-time results are included in order to illustrate the applicability of the proposed scheme.
A transient energy function for power systems including the induction motor model
无
2007-01-01
A construction method for power system transient energy function is studied in the paper, which is simple and universal, and can unify the forms of some current energy functions. A transient energy function including the induction motor model is derived using the method. The unintegrable term is dealt with to get an approximate energy function. Simulations in a 3-bus system and in the WSCC 4-generator system verify the validity of the proposed energy function. The function can be applied to direct transient stability analysis of multi-machine large power systems and provides a tool for analysis of the interaction between the generator angle stability and the load voltage stability.
An MRAS method for sensorless control of induction motor over a wide speed range
无
2011-01-01
This paper addresses the problem of wide speed range sensorless control of induction motor.The proposed method is based on model reference adaptive system (MRAS),in which the current model serves as the adjustable model,and a novel hybrid model integrating the modified voltage model (MVM) and high-frequency signal injection method (HFSIM) are established to serve as the reference model.The HFSIM works together with MVM to improve the performance of the rotor speed and rotor flux position estimation at low s...
Detection of mechanical failures in induction motors by current spectrum analysis
Sokansky, K.; Novak, P.; Bilos, J.; Labaj, J. [Technical University Ostrava, Moraviasilesian Power Stations s.h.c. (Czech Republic)
1997-12-31
From the diagnostic point of view, an electric machine can be understood as an electromechanical system. It means that any manifestations of mechanical failures do not have to show themselves only in mechanical quantities, i.e. vibration in our case. Mechanical failures can also manifest themselves in electrical quantities, namely in electric current in our case. This statement is valid inversely too, which means that faults occurring in electric circuits can be measured through mechanical quantities. This presentation deals with measuring the current spectra of induction motors with short circuited armatures that are drives used in the industries most. (orig.) 3 refs.
Inductance and Active Phase Vector Based Torque Control for Switched Reluctance Motor Drives.
Kalpathi, Ramani Raman
The Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) drive technology has developed significantly over the last few years. The simplicity in both motor design and power converter requirement along with the availability of high frequency, high power semiconductor switches have made SRMs compete with conventional adjustable speed drive technologies. The subject of winding current control in switched reluctance machines has always been associated with the shaft position information. The use of inductance for direct commutation control is the central subject of this dissertation. In contrast to the conventional methods based on position commutation, new methods of control based on inductance commutation are presented. The object of a commutation algorithm is to switch the currents in the phase coils, in order to provide continuous energy conversion with maximum torque output for a given unit of input current. Since torque production in a SRM is based on the concept of variable reluctance, it makes more sense to observe the instantaneous phase inductance or reluctance instead of estimating the rotor position. The inductance sensors observe the machine parameters and provide sufficient information on the electrical characteristics of the coils. This control strategy avoids the inductance to position transformation blocks conventionally used in SRM control systems. In a typical SRM, the phase coils have a nonlinear behavior of inductance due to effects of current saturation. Also the parameters of one phase coil differ from those of the other due to manufacturing tolerances or due to bearing wear. In such cases, the algorithms written during the stage of manufacturing may not be valid after parameter changes. Optimizing torque production in the event of phase asymmetry and saturation is developed in this research. Indirect sensors connected to the active phase coil of the SRM are based on sensing the flux level in the active coil. New commutation algorithms based on flux sensing concepts
Lu Changbo; Xiong Chunhua; Liu Huiying; Wei Rui
2004-01-01
In this paper, the effect of MMT on the induction period of unleaded motor gasoline was studied, the manganese concentration, storage period of MMT-blended gasoline and environmental variables such as temperature and radiation intensity were considered to be main factors affecting the induction period of gasoline,when MMT-blended gasoline was exposed to light. It is found from experiments that the addition of MMT can improve the induction period of gasoline that is shielded from light, and reduce the induction period remarkably,when the gasoline is exposed to light. However, the radiation intensity is proved to be the leading influencing factor among all the environmental variables investigated.
Dorrell, David G.; Hermann, Alexander Niels August; Jensen, Bogi Bech
2013-01-01
There has been much literature on unbalanced magnetic pull in various types of electrical machine. This can lead to bearing wear and additional vibrations in the machine. In this paper a wound rotor induction is studied. Finite element analysis studies are conducted when the rotor has 10 % rotor...... eccentricity. The operating conditions are varied so that transient, motoring and doubly-fed induction generator modes are studied. This allows greater understanding of the radial forces involved. Wound rotor induction machines exhibit higher unbalanced magnetic pull than cage induction machines so...
Investigations of an air starting motor of marine medium-speed diesel engine with numerical analyses
Lee, Yeon Won; Choi, Yoon Hwan; Doh, Deog Hee
2010-04-01
The marine medium-speed diesel engines are started by two methods; one is the electric motors, and the other air starting motors. Even though air starting motor is dependent of the engine types and sizes, it has been widely used in this area due to its simplicity, convenience and reliability. The purpose of this paper is to give the designing parameters in order to make a proper "Air Starting Motor" using CFD. The aerodynamic approaches were given to understand the internal flow characteristics of the air starting motor. In addition, we have carried out the investigation of effects of tip clearance. In the calculations the tip clearance of air starting motor has been varied between 0, 2.8, 4.3 and 5.7% of blade span. The results of computation are the tip clearance increased to 2.8%, the torque decreased 24%, and there was no more large changes when the clearances increased to 4.3% and 5.7%.
Long Chen
2014-01-01
Full Text Available A three-phase induction motor used as a propulsion system for the electric vehicle (EV is a nonlinear, multi-input multi-output, and strong coupling system. For such a complicated model system with unmeasured and unavoidable disturbances, as well as parameter variations, the conventional vector control method cannot meet the demands of high-performance control. Therefore, a novel control strategy named least squares support vector machines (LSSVM inverse control is presented in the paper. Invertibility of the induction motor in the constant V/f control mode is proved to confirm its feasibility. The LSSVM inverse is composed of an LSSVM approximating the nonlinear mapping of the induction motor and two integrators. The inverse model of the constant V/f-controlled induction motor drive is obtained by using LSSVM, and then the optimal parameters of LSSVM are determined automatically by applying a modified particle swarm optimization (MPSO. Cascading the LSSVM inverse with the induction motor drive system, the pseudolinear system can be obtained. Thus, it is easy to design the closed-loop linear regulator. The simulation results verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Andrzej Rusek
2008-01-01
Full Text Available The mathematical model of cylindrical linear induction motor (C-LIM fed via frequency converter is presented in the paper. The model was developed in order to analyze numerically the transient states. Problems concerning dynamics of ac-machines especially linear induction motor are presented in [1 – 7]. Development of C-LIM mathematical model is based on circuit method and analogy to rotary induction motor. The analogy between both: (a stator and rotor windings of rotary induction motor and (b winding of primary part of C-LIM (inductor and closed current circuits in external secondary part of C-LIM (race is taken into consideration. The equations of C-LIM mathematical model are presented as matrix together with equations expressing each vector separately. A computational analysis of selected transient states of C-LIM fed via frequency converter is presented in the paper. Two typical examples of C-LIM operation are considered for the analysis: (a starting the motor at various static loads and various synchronous velocities and (b reverse of the motor at the same operation conditions. Results of simulation are presented as transient responses including transient electromagnetic force, transient linear velocity and transient phase current.
Paulo Antonio Delgado-Arredondo
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Induction motors are critical components for most industries and the condition monitoring has become necessary to detect faults. There are several techniques for fault diagnosis of induction motors and analyzing the startup transient vibration signals is not as widely used as other techniques like motor current signature analysis. Vibration analysis gives a fault diagnosis focused on the location of spectral components associated with faults. Therefore, this paper presents a comparative study of different time-frequency analysis methodologies that can be used for detecting faults in induction motors analyzing vibration signals during the startup transient. The studied methodologies are the time-frequency distribution of Gabor (TFDG, the time-frequency Morlet scalogram (TFMS, multiple signal classification (MUSIC, and fast Fourier transform (FFT. The analyzed vibration signals are one broken rotor bar, two broken bars, unbalance, and bearing defects. The obtained results have shown the feasibility of detecting faults in induction motors using the time-frequency spectral analysis applied to vibration signals, and the proposed methodology is applicable when it does not have current signals and only has vibration signals. Also, the methodology has applications in motors that are not fed directly to the supply line, in such cases the analysis of current signals is not recommended due to poor current signal quality.
HARMONIC DISTORTION ASSESSMENT BY AREA BASED APPROACH AT SINGLE PHASING OF AN INDUCTION MOTOR
Surajit Chattopadhyay
2013-11-01
Full Text Available ABSTRACT: This paper presents harmonic distortion assessment by area based approach at single phasing of an induction motor. This has been achieved by assessing voltage and current signals using area based approach. Some specific reference signals have been defined, after which, real power system data are plotted with this reference signal and areas thus formed by the real power system data with the reference signal have been calculated wherefrom contributions of fundamental waveform and harmonic components in real and reactive powers have been assessed separately. Single phasing is done on induction machine and total harmonic distortion factors have then been calculated. Significant change is observed in harmonic distortion due to single phasing. ABSTRAK: Kertas kerja ini membentangkan penilaian herotan harmonik menggunakan kaedah keluasan kawasan pada pemfasaan tunggal motor aruhan. Menggunakan kaedah keluasan kawasan, penilaian terhasil dengan memantau isyarat arus dan voltan. Sesetengah isyarat rujukan tertentu dikenal pasti, di mana, data sistem kuasa sebenar diplotkan berdasarkan isyarat rujukan ini. Kawasan kemudiannya dibentuk dengan adanya data sistem kuasa sebenar dengan menggunakan pengiraan isyarat rujukan. Pengiraan ini memberikan bentuk gelombang asas dan komponen harmonik sebenar di mana kuasa reaktif ditentukan secara berasingan. Pemfasaan tunggal ditentukan menggunakan mesin aruhan dan faktor jumlah herotan harmonik diambil kira .Perubahan yang ketara dikenal pasti dalam herotan harmonik yang disebabkan oleh pemfasaan tunggal.
Harmonic Analysis and Design of Embedded Z-Source Inverter for Induction Motor Drives
P.Kannan
2014-03-01
Full Text Available This Project deals with an Embedded Z-source inverter to control the three phase induction motor. The Z-source inverters are recent topological options for buck–boost energy conversion with a number of possible voltage and current-type circuitries. The common advantage of Z-source inverter and Embedded Z-source inverter is the inclusion of an LC impedance network, placed between the dc input source and inverter bridge. The drawbacks of the conventional Z-source inverters are more harmonic, less reliable, more diode blocking voltage and capacitor size also high. By introducing Embedded Z-source inverters, the drawbacks of the conventional Z-source inverter can be eliminated and also gain produced is same as that of Z-source inverter. It can produce smoother and smaller current or voltage maintained across the dc input source without using any additional passive filter, less cost and low harmonic distortion. The project is further carried to control the induction motor drive which is used in paper mills, textile mills and cement industries etc.
Speed estimator for induction motor drive based on synchronous speed tracking
S B Bodkhe; M V Aware; J G Chaudhari; J G Agrawal
2015-06-01
This paper presents a new open-loop speed estimation method for a three-phase induction motor drive. The open-loop speed estimators available in literature have the advantage of reduced computational stress over the observers but they share a common limitation of being largely dependent on flux and machine parameters. They involve integrations and differentiation in the algorithm that leads to serious error in estimation when subject to different operating conditions. The proposed estimator is based on synchronous speed tracking and is cost-effective. It is immune to any variation in machine parameters and noise. The synchronous speed is computed from stator frequency which is estimated on-line using the stator current signals. A unique, non-adaptive method for estimation of stator frequency within one-sixteenth of time period is also proposed to enhance the speed of estimation. Computer simulation and experimentation on a 2.2 kW Field oriented controlled induction motor drive is carried out to verify the performance of proposed speed estimator. The results show excellent response over a wide range of rotor speed in both directions including low speed and under different operating conditions. This confirms the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Mustapha MESSAOUDI
2008-06-01
Full Text Available In this paper, the classical Direct Torque Control (DTC of Induction Motor (IM using an open loop pure integration suffers from the well-known problems of integration especially in the low speed operation range is detailed. To tackle this problem, the IM variables and parameters estimation is performed using a recursive non-linear observer known as EKF. This observer is used to estimate the stator currents, the rotor flux linkages, the rotor speed and the stator resistance. The main drawback of the EKF in this case is that the load dynamics has to be known which is not usually possible. Therefore, a new method based on the Model Reference Adaptive System (MRAS is used to estimate the rotor speed. The two different nonlinear observers applied to sensorless DTC of IM, are discussed and compared to each other. The rotor speed estimation in DTC technique is affected by parameter variations especially the stator resistance due to temperature particularly at low speeds. Therefore, it is necessary to compensate this parameter variation in sensorless induction motor drives using an online adaptation of the control algorithm by the estimated stator resistance. A simulation work leads to the selected results to support the study findings.
A V/f= cte Control Drive for Permanent Capacitor Single-Phase Induction Motor
Pedram Shahriari Nasab
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Poor performance of the convectional household induction motors which used in home appliances such as refrigerator, cooler, laundry, washing machines, fans, hand-held power tools, and automotive window lift is generally caused by two main reasons. Firstly, they have high starting current which causes significant voltage drop, and secondly, they operate in a single speed mode and not in variable speed. In many home appliances, traditionally a discrete speed control method is used by changing the number of the poles. A proper solution for these problems can be achieved by using control drive systems. In this paper, a simple scalar control method is applied to control the speed of a permanent capacitor single phase induction motor (PCSPIM. The philosophy of this method is on the basis of simultaneous system’s frequency and voltage control on the machines terminals subject to V/f=cte. Simulation and practical implementation results clearly show the effectiveness of the simple V/f =cte speed control method for home appliances.
A nine-level hybrid symmetric cascaded multilevel converter for induction motor drive
INDRAJIT SARKAR; B G FERNANDES
2017-08-01
A nine-level hybrid symmetric cascaded multilevel converter (MLC) fed induction motor drive is proposed in this paper. The proposed converter is capable of producing nine output voltage levels by using the same number of power cells as that of conventional five-level symmetric cascaded H-bridge converter. Eachphase in this configuration consists of one five-level transistor-clamped H-Bridge (TCHB) power cell and one three-level H-bridge power cell with equal dc link voltages, and they are connected in cascade. Due to cascade connection and equal dc link voltage, the power shared by each power cell is nearly equal. Near-equal power sharing enables the feature of improving input current quality by using an appropriate phase-shifting multiwinding transformer at the converter input. In this paper, the operation of the converter is explained using staircase and hybrid multi-carrier sine PWM techniques. Further, a detailed analysis for the variations in the dc link capacitor voltages and the dc link mid-point voltage in TCHB power cell is carried out, and the analytical expressions thus obtained are presented. The performance of proposed system is analysed by simulating a 500 hp induction motor drive system in MATLAB/Simulink environment. A laboratory prototype is also developed to validate the claims experimentally.
Identification of Induction Motor Parameters in Industrial Drives with Artificial Neural Networks
Baburaj Karanayil
2009-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a new method of online estimation of the stator and rotor resistance of the induction motor in the indirect vector-controlled drive, with artificial neural networks. The back propagation algorithm is used for training of the neural networks. The error between the rotor flux linkages based on a neural network model and a voltage model is back propagated to adjust the weights of the neural network model for the rotor resistance estimation. For the stator resistance estimation, the error between the measured stator current and the estimated stator current using neural network is back propagated to adjust the weights of the neural network. The performance of the stator and rotor resistance estimators and torque and flux responses of the drive, together with these estimators, is investigated with the help of simulations for variations in the stator and rotor resistance from their nominal values. Both types of resistance are estimated experimentally, using the proposed neural network in a vector-controlled induction motor drive. Data on tracking performances of these estimators are presented. With this approach, the rotor resistance estimation was found to be insensitive to the stator resistance variations both in simulation and experiment.
Jia Uddin
2014-01-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes a method for the reliable fault detection and classification of induction motors using two-dimensional (2D texture features and a multiclass support vector machine (MCSVM. The proposed model first converts time-domain vibration signals to 2D gray images, resulting in texture patterns (or repetitive patterns, and extracts these texture features by generating the dominant neighborhood structure (DNS map. The principal component analysis (PCA is then used for the purpose of dimensionality reduction of the high-dimensional feature vector including the extracted texture features due to the fact that the high-dimensional feature vector can degrade classification performance, and this paper configures an effective feature vector including discriminative fault features for diagnosis. Finally, the proposed approach utilizes the one-against-all (OAA multiclass support vector machines (MCSVMs to identify induction motor failures. In this study, the Gaussian radial basis function kernel cooperates with OAA MCSVMs to deal with nonlinear fault features. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed approach outperforms three state-of-the-art fault diagnosis algorithms in terms of fault classification accuracy, yielding an average classification accuracy of 100% even in noisy environments.
Shuang Pan
2016-01-01
Full Text Available An effective fault diagnosis method for induction motors is proposed in this paper to improve the reliability of motors using a combination of entropy feature extraction, mutual information, and support vector machine. Sample entropy and multiscale entropy are used to extract the desired entropy features from motor vibration signals. Sample entropy is used to estimate the complexity of the original time series while multiscale entropy is employed to measure the complexity of time series in different scales. The entropy features are directly extracted from the nonlinear, nonstationary induction motor vibration signals which are then sorted by using mutual information so that the elements in the feature vector are ranked according to their importance and relevant to the faults. The first five most important features are selected from the feature vectors and classified using support vector machine. The proposed method is then employed to analyze the vibration data acquired from a motor fault simulator test rig. The classification results confirm that the proposed method can effectively diagnose various motor faults with reasonable good accuracy. It is also shown that the proposed method can provide an effective and accurate fault diagnosis for various induction motor faults using only vibration data.
The Experimental Study of Rayleigh-Taylor Instability using a Linear Induction Motor Accelerator
Yamashita, Nicholas; Jacobs, Jeffrey
2009-11-01
The experiments to be presented utilize an incompressible system of two stratified miscible liquids of different densities that are accelerated in order to produce the Rayleigh-Taylor instability. Three liquid combinations are used: isopropyl alcohol with water, a calcium nitrate solution or a lithium polytungstate solution, giving Atwood numbers of 0.11, 0.22 and 0.57, respectively. The acceleration required to drive the instability is produced by two high-speed linear induction motors mounted to an 8 m tall drop tower. The motors are mounted in parallel and have an effective acceleration length of 1.7 m and are each capable of producing 15 kN of thrust. The liquid system is contained within a square acrylic tank with inside dimensions 76 x76x184 mm. The tank is mounted to an aluminum plate, which is driven by the motors to create constant accelerations in the range of 1-20 g's, though the potential exists for higher accelerations. Also attached to the plate are a high-speed camera and an LED backlight to provide continuous video of the instability. In addition, an accelerometer is used to provide acceleration measurements during each experiment. Experimental image sequences will be presented which show the development of a random three-dimensional instability from an unforced initial perturbation. Measurements of the mixing zone width will be compared with traditional growth models.
Kumar, Navneet; Raj Chelliah, Thanga; Srivastava, S P
2015-07-01
Model Based Control (MBC) is one of the energy optimal controllers used in vector-controlled Induction Motor (IM) for controlling the excitation of motor in accordance with torque and speed. MBC offers energy conservation especially at part-load operation, but it creates ripples in torque and speed during load transition, leading to poor dynamic performance of the drive. This study investigates the opportunity for improving dynamic performance of a three-phase IM operating with MBC and proposes three control schemes: (i) MBC with a low pass filter (ii) torque producing current (iqs) injection in the output of speed controller (iii) Variable Structure Speed Controller (VSSC). The pre and post operation of MBC during load transition is also analyzed. The dynamic performance of a 1-hp, three-phase squirrel-cage IM with mine-hoist load diagram is tested. Test results are provided for the conventional field-oriented (constant flux) control and MBC (adjustable excitation) with proposed schemes. The effectiveness of proposed schemes is also illustrated for parametric variations. The test results and subsequent analysis confer that the motor dynamics improves significantly with all three proposed schemes in terms of overshoot/undershoot peak amplitude of torque and DC link power in addition to energy saving during load transitions.
Novel torque ripple minimization algorithm for direct torque control of induction motor drive
LONG Bo; GUO Gui-fang; HAO Xiao-hong; LI Xiao-ning
2009-01-01
To elucidate the principles of notable torque and flux ripple during the steady state of the conventional direct torque control (DTC) of induction machines, the factors of influence torque variation are examined. A new torque ripple minimization algorithm is proposed. The novel method eradicated the torque ripple by imposing the required stator voltage vector in each control cycle. The M and T axial components of the stator voltage are accomplished by measuring the stator flux error and the expected incremental value of the torque at every sampling time. The maximum angle rotation allowed is obtained. Experimental results showed that the proposed method combined with the space vector pulse width modulation(SVPWM) could be implemented in most existing digital drive controllers, offering high performance in both steady and transient states of the induction drives at full speed range. The result of the present work imphes that torque fluctuation could be eliminated by imposing proper stator voltage, and the proposed scheme could not only maintain constant switching frequency for the inverter, but also solve the heating problem and current harmonics in traditional induction motor drives.
Sanjeevikumar, P.; Daya, J.L. Febin; Wheeler, Patrick
2015-01-01
This manuscript presents the details about the novel controller using wavelet transform and fuzzy logic tuning for speed control of an induction motor drive. The conventional proportional-integral (PI) speed controller in an indirect vector control of induction motor drive has been replaced...... controller along with an induction motor drive incorporating the proposed controller has been developed in numerical simulation software using Matlab/Simulink environment and a set of results are provided within this paper in comparison to the conventional controller scheme....... by the proposed controller for an improved transient and steady state performances. The discrete wavelet transform has been used to decompose the error speed into different frequency components and the fuzzy logic is used to generate the scaling gains of the wavelet controller. The complete model of the proposed...
M. Siva Satyanarayana
2011-07-01
Full Text Available Induction motor drives have got wide range of industrial applications especially variable speed applications. The various control strategies for the inverter fed induction motor have provided good steady state but poor dynamic response. Better control of induction motor can be achieved by using vector control by overcomingthe sluggish response and instability which is possible in scalar control. This proposed method uses a predetermined look-up table instead of a much more time consuming pulse width modulation (PWM procedure in conventional vector control for generating inverter gate signals. This approach gives faster torque response like in vector control methods and it also reduces ripples as in DTC method. To validate the proposed method numerical simulations have been carried out and compared with the existing algorithms. The simulation results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method.
ESMAELI Abdolreza; SUN Li
2007-01-01
Modeling and simulation of induction motor drive system to investigate and mitigate the adverse effects of PWM inverter based on analysis, modeling and simulation are presented. The estimation of conducted disturbances and other adverse effects of PWM inverter by simulation offer a considerable gain from the economic point of view. For an accurate model of the motor drive system including mains, rectifier, inverter, motor and its long cables, the high frequency parasitic current paths are taken into account. The novel model and its parasitic values for three-phase induction motor system are presented. Finally a new solution for suppressing EMI, common mode voltage, leakage current, bearing current and shaft voltages is proposed and the results show the excellent performances of proposed solution including active and passive filters.
Tian Han
2006-01-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes an online fault diagnosis system for induction motors through the combination of discrete wavelet transform (DWT, feature extraction, genetic algorithm (GA, and neural network (ANN techniques. The wavelet transform improves the signal-to-noise ratio during a preprocessing. Features are extracted from motor stator current, while reducing data transfers and making online application available. GA is used to select the most significant features from the whole feature database and optimize the ANN structure parameter. Optimized ANN is trained and tested by the selected features of the measurement data of stator current. The combination of advanced techniques reduces the learning time and increases the diagnosis accuracy. The efficiency of the proposed system is demonstrated through motor faults of electrical and mechanical origins on the induction motors. The results of the test indicate that the proposed system is promising for the real-time application.
Castro Neto, Lindolfo Marra de [Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica da Bahia (CEFET-BA), Santo Amaro, BA (Brazil). Curso de Eletromecanica; Camacho, Jose Roberto; Leva, Flavia Fernandes de [Universidade Federal de Uberlandia (FEE/UFU), MG (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Eletrica. Nucleo de Eletricidade Rural e Fontes Alternativas de Energia
2008-07-01
The main objective of this work is to make one analyzes of the speed of the two-phase induction machines with return. This analyzes is of addition importance, because it will define which the best relationship among the angles {beta} (angle among the feeding tensions) {alpha} (angle among the axes of the rolling up of the motor). This relationship in and it had defined the best condition of operation of the motor, so that the same doesn't come to have problems in the departure and it had also defined the best relationship for the operation in permanent regime. In this work a dynamic model will be developed for two-phase machines that it will be used in the it analyzes of the two-phase induction motors with return. (author)
Neves, Pedro; Afonso, João L.
2006-01-01
This work presents the development and implementation of a variable frequency Power Electronics inverter to drive a three-phase induction motor. The inverter allows a user to control the speed and torque developed by the motor, as well as its rotating direction. The inverter’s digital controller was implemented with a microcontroller. The inverter is fed from a rectifier with capacitor filter, which is connected to single-phase, 50 Hz power mains.
Acoltzi Acoltzi, Higinio [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Temixco, Morelos (Mexico)
2001-07-01
In this work the elements contained in the national and international standards to obtain the benefits in the application of high efficiency electrical motors are presented. A table of associated normal and minimum efficiency is presented, and one with values of nominal efficiency at full load for totally enclosed motors of standard efficiency, for opened motors of standard efficiency and high efficiency. Graphs are given where the comparison of nominal efficiencies is shown for AC induction motors to closed and opened poles. [Spanish] En este trabajo se presentan los elementos contenidos en las normas nacionales e internacionales para conseguir los beneficios en la aplicacion de motores electricos de eficiencia alta. Se muestra una tabla de eficiencia normal y minima asociados, y una con valores de eficiencia nominal a plena carga para motores cerrados de eficiencia estandar, para motores abiertos de eficiencia estandar y de eficiencia alta. Se da graficas donde se muestra la comparacion de eficiencias nominales, para motores de CA de induccion, a polos cerrados y a polos abiertos.
Rivera Dominguez, Jorge
2001-12-15
A control of sliding ways in discreet time for non-linear discreet systems is designed, also the technique of the control by histograms for non-linear discreet systems was developed, and an observer of reduced order was developed for non-linear electromechanical discreet systems. All these techniques are applied to a non-linear discreet model of an induction motor that was found here, that posses electrical and mechanical dynamics, in which the load pair is considered an unknown disturbance. With complete measurements of the states are satisfied the pursuing of the rotor velocity and the amplitude of the magnetic flux of the rotor, where the unknown load does not affect the velocity regulation. Next, an observer of reduced order is implemented where the velocity and current measurements are employed to consider the load pair and the flows that are very difficult to measure. The proposed method has a design and stability procedure of direct analyses, conserving a simple structure of the control law. The simulations predict that the system is robust with respect to several types of load pairs. The responses of velocity and amplitude of the rotor flow and the entrance references evolved very well. These references have a linear dynamics of second order with time constants that can be chosen by the motor user. The practical aspects for a future digital implementation of the control law are considered, including the velocity and currents sensors, the preparation of signals, the transformation of the current in the frame of stationary reference, PWM and inverter modules, which were seen in detail. The experimental results are left as a future work. [Spanish] Se disena un control de modos deslizantes en tiempo discreto para sistemas discretos no lineales, tambien se desarrollo la tecnica del control por bloques para sistemas discretos no lineales, y un observador de orden reducido fue desarrollado para sistemas discretos electromecanicos no lineales. Todas estas tecnicas
Rotor Design for an Efficient Single-Phase Induction Motor for Refrigerator Compressors
Hyun-Jin Ahn
2016-03-01
Full Text Available This article describes a rotor making technology for the production of high-efficiency single-phase induction motors (SPIMs to be used in refrigerator compressors. Rotors can have different aluminum fill factors according to the fabrication method. In order to examine the association between the fill factor and the efficiency of the rotor, we analyzed the distribution of magnetic flux density using the finite element method (FEM. Next, we made prototype rotors by conventional casting methods and by the proposed casting method and compared their fill factors. In addition, SPIMs were made using the rotors, and their efficiencies were measured using a dynamometer. Moreover, the SPIMs were put to use in a compressor, for testing, and for each SPIM the refrigerating capacity of the compressor was measured with a calorimeter. Based on the results of the FEM analysis of the magnetic flux density and the experiments, the reliability and validity of the proposed method were proven.
Indirect Vector Control of an Induction Motor with Fuzzy-Logic based Speed Controller
BIROU, I.
2010-02-01
Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present a new speed control structure for induction motors (IM by using fuzzy-logic based speed controllers. A fuzzy controller is designed to achieve fast dynamic response and robustness for low and high speeds. Different types of membership functions of the linguistic variables and output/input characteristics are analyzed. A simple but robust structure enables a wide range speed control of the driving system. The rotor flux field oriented control (FOC is realized by using a flux observer based on the IM model with nonlinear parameters. The control is extended to operate also in the field weakening region with an optimal rotor flux regulation. The control structure was implemented on a computer system, based on a fixed point digital signal processor (DSP. To verify the performances of the proposed driving system, simulated and experimental results are presented.
Detection of broken rotor bar faults in induction motor at low load using neural network.
Bessam, B; Menacer, A; Boumehraz, M; Cherif, H
2016-09-01
The knowledge of the broken rotor bars characteristic frequencies and amplitudes has a great importance for all related diagnostic methods. The monitoring of motor faults requires a high resolution spectrum to separate different frequency components. The Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) has been widely used to achieve these requirements. However, at low slip this technique cannot give good results. As a solution for these problems, this paper proposes an efficient technique based on a neural network approach and Hilbert transform (HT) for broken rotor bar diagnosis in induction machines at low load. The Hilbert transform is used to extract the stator current envelope (SCE). Two features are selected from the (SCE) spectrum (the amplitude and frequency of the harmonic). These features will be used as input for neural network. The results obtained are astonishing and it is capable to detect the correct number of broken rotor bars under different load conditions.
NEURAL NETWORK SPEED CONTROLLER FOR DIRECT VECTOR CONTROL OF INDUCTION MOTORS
BEN HAMED MOUNA,
2010-12-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a new method for the implementation of a direct rotor flux control (DRFOC of induction motor (IM drives. It is based on the rotor flux components regulation. In fact, the d and q axis flux components feed a proportional integral (PI controller. The outputs of which are the targets start voltages (vdsref andvqsref. While, the synchronous speed is depicted at the output of rotor speed controller. In order to accomplish variable speed operation, conventional PI lie controller is commonly used. This controller provides limited good performances over a wide range of operation even under ideal field oriented conditions. An alternate approach is to use the so called neural network controller. The overall investigated system is implemented using dSpace system based on digital signal processor (DSP. Simulation and experimental results have been presented for one kw IM drives to confirm the validity of the proposed algorithms.
Hadeed A. Sher
2017-04-01
Full Text Available In this paper theoretical and experimental analysis of an AC–DC–AC inverter under DC link capacitor failure is presented. The failure study conducted for this paper is the open circuit of the DC link capacitor. The presented analysis incorporates the results for both single and three phase AC input. It has been observed that the higher ripple frequency provides better ride through capability for this fault. Furthermore, the effects of this fault on electrical characteristics of AC–DC–AC inverter and mechanical properties of the induction motor are also presented. Moreover, the effect of pulsating torque as a result of an open circuited DC link capacitor is also taken into consideration. Theoretical analysis is supported by computer aided simulation as well as with a real time experimental prototype.
Adaptive Fuzzy Integral Sliding-Mode Regulator for Induction Motor Using Nonlinear Sliding Surface
Yong-Kun Lu
2015-02-01
Full Text Available An adaptive fuzzy integral sliding-mode controller using nonlinear sliding surface is designed for the speed regulator of a field-oriented induction motor drive in this paper. Combining the conventional integral sliding surface with fractional-order integral, a nonlinear sliding surface is proposed for the integral sliding-mode speed control, which can overcome the windup problem and the convergence speed problem. An adaptive fuzzy control term is utilized to approximate the uncertainty. The stability of the controller is analyzed by Lyapunov stability theory. The effectiveness of the proposed speed regulator is demonstrated by the simulation results in comparison with the conventional integral sliding-mode controller based on boundary layer.
Combined Sliding Mode Control with a Feedback Linearization for Speed Control of Induction Motor
Aamir Hashim Obeid Ahmed
2011-06-01
Full Text Available Induction Motor (IM speed control is an area of research that has been in prominence for some time now. In this paper, a nonlinear controller is presented for IM drives. The nonlinear controller is designed based on input-output feedback linearization control technique, combined with sliding mode control (SMC to obtain a robust, fast and precise control of IM speed. The input-output feedback linearization control decouples the flux control from the speed control and makes the synthesis of linear controllers possible. To validate the performances of the proposed control scheme, we provided a series of simulation results and a comparative study between the performances of the proposed control strategy and those of the feedback linearization control (FLC schemes. Simulation results show that the proposed control strategy scheme shows better performance than the FLC strategy in the face of system parameters variation
Adaptive Command-Filtered Backstepping Control for Linear Induction Motor via Projection Algorithm
Wenxu Yan
2016-01-01
Full Text Available A theoretical framework of the position control for linear induction motors (LIM has been proposed. First, indirect field-oriented control of LIM is described. Then, the backstepping approach is used to ensure the convergence and robustness of the proposed control scheme against the external time-varying disturbances via Lyapunov stability theory. At the same time, in order to solve the differential expansion and the control saturation problems in the traditional backstepping, command filter is designed in the control and compensating signals are presented to eliminate the influence of the errors caused by command filters. Next, unknown total mass of the mover, viscous friction, and load disturbances are estimated by the projection-based adaptive law which bounds the estimated function and simultaneously guarantees the robustness of the proposed controller against the parameter uncertainties. Finally, simulation results are given to illustrate the validity and potential of the designed control scheme.
Bousserhane I.K.
2006-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper the position control of a linear induction motor using adaptive fuzzy back stepping design with integral action is proposed. First, the indirect field oriented control for LIM is derived. Then, an integral back stepping design for indirect field oriented control of LIM is proposed to compensate the uncertainties which occur in the control. Finally, the fuzzy integral-back stepping controller is investigated, where a simple fuzzy inference mechanism is used to achieve a position tracking objective under the mechanical parameters uncertainties. The effectiveness of the proposed control scheme is verified by numerical simulation. The numerical validation results of the proposed scheme have presented good performances compared to the conventional integral back stepping control.
Direct Torque Control of Induction Motor Drive Fed from a Photovoltaic Multilevel Inverter
Mahrous Ahmed
2014-09-01
Full Text Available This paper presents Direct Torque Control (DTC using Space Vector Modulation (SVM for an induction motor drive fed from a photovoltaic multilevel inverter (PV-MLI. The system consists of two main parts PV DC power supply (PVDC and MLI. The PVDC is used to generate DC isolated sources with certain ratios suitable for the adopted MLI. Beside the hardware system, the control system which uses the torque and speed estimation to control the load angle and to obtain the appropriate flux vector trajectory from which the voltage vector is directly derived based on direct torque control methods. The voltage vector is then generated by a hybrid multilevel inverter by employing space vector modulation (SVM. The inverter high quality output voltage which leads to a high quality IM performances. Besides, the MLI switching losses is very low due to most of the power cell switches are operating at nearly fundamental frequency. Some selected simulation results are presented for system validation.
DWT based bearing fault detection in induction motor using noise cancellation
K.C. Deekshit Kompella
2016-12-01
Full Text Available This paper presents an approach to detect the bearing faults experienced by induction machine using motor current signature analysis (MCSA. At the incipient stage of bearing fault, the current signature analysis has shown poor performance due to domination of pre fault components in the stator current. Therefore, in this paper domination of pre fault components is suppressed using noise cancellation by Wiener filter. The spectral analysis is carried out using discrete wavelet transform (DWT. The fault severity is estimated by calculating fault indexing parameter of wavelet coefficients. It is further proposed that, the fault indexing parameter of power spectral density (PSD based wavelet coefficients gives better results. The proposed method is examined using simulation and experiment on 2.2 kW test bed.
A Comparative Study of Control Methods for Induction Motor and High Performance Z-source Inverter
Pham Cong Thanh
2013-06-01
Full Text Available Design studies of the most suitable controller for the speed of induction motor (SIM and peak DC-link voltage (PDV of high performance z-source inverter (HP-ZSI greatly affects performance of hybrid electric vehicles. This paper is to give comprehensive analyses comparison and evaluations of the different control techniques as PI controller, self-tuning fuzzy PI controller (SFP and genetic algorithms optimal tuning gains of the PI controller for controlling the SIM based on criteria of the integral of the absolute value of speed error. With control PDV, this paper also presents comparisons of the different techniques as PI controller, fuzzy logic controller, SFP based on observation of its response and total harmonic distortion of current. All methods are applied to the closed loop of the SIM which relies on direct torque control combined with modified space vector modulation and closed loop of PDV in HP-ZSI. These methods are verified by Matlab software.
A DTC Algorithm for Induction Motor Drives with 3-level Diode-Clamped Inverters
M. Cirrincione
2005-12-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a novel Direct Torque Control (DTC algorithm for induction motor electrical drives supplied by 3-level diode clamped inverters. It is the natural extension of the classic Switching Table (ST based DTC, modified for a 3-level inverter supply. It presents also a very simple algorithm for the minimization of the capacitor voltage ripple. Results obtained with numerical simulations show that the employment of a 3-level inverter in such a control scheme permits to obtain the same dynamical performances as those obtained with a 2-level inverter with resulting lower torque and flux ripples as well as a lower harmonic content in the stator voltages and currents. Some considerations about the consequent benefits as for EMC of this drive are also presented.
Mohammad Jannati
2014-05-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a technique for speed sensorless Rotor Flux Oriented Control (RFOC of 3-phase Induction Motor (IM under open-phase fault (unbalanced or faulty IM. The presented RFOC strategy is based on rotational transformation. An adaptive sliding mode control system with an adaptive switching gain is proposed instead of the speed PI controller. Using an adaptive sliding mode control causes the proposed speed sensorless RFOC drive system to become insensitive to uncertainties such as load disturbances and parameter variations. Moreover, with adaptation of the sliding switching gain, calculation of the system uncertainties upper bound is not needed. Finally, simulation results have been presented to confirm the good performance of the proposed method.
Nandakumar Sundararaju
2014-05-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes novel hybrid asymmetric space vector modulation technique for inverter operated direct torque control induction motor drive. The hybridization process is performed by the combination of continuous asymmetric space vector modulation pulse width technique (ASVPWM and fuzzy operated discontinuous ASVPWM technique. Combination process is based on pulse mismatching technique. Pulse mismatching technique helps to reduce the active region of the switch. Finally, optimal pulses are applied to control the inverter. The optimal hybrid pulse condense switching losses of the inverter and also improves the operating performance of the direct torque control (DTC based drive system like smooth dynamic response in speed reversal, minimum torque error, settling time of speed. Simulation results of proposed hybrid asymmetric space vector pulse width modulation technique to direct torque control (HASVPWM-DTC approach has been carried out by using Matlab-Simulink environment.
Electromagnetic Performance Calculation of HTS Linear Induction Motor for Rail Systems
Liu, Bin; Fang, Jin; Cao, Junci; Chen, Jie; Shu, Hang; Sheng, Long
2017-07-01
According to a high temperature superconducting (HTS) linear induction motor (LIM) designed for rail systems, the influence of electromagnetic parameters and mechanical structure parameters on the electromagnetic horizontal thrust, vertical force of HTS LIM and the maximum vertical magnetic field of HTS windings are analyzed. Through the research on the vertical field of HTS windings, the development regularity of the HTS LIM maximum input current with different stator frequency and different thickness value of the secondary conductive plate is obtained. The theoretical results are of great significance to analyze the stability of HTS LIM. Finally, based on theory analysis, HTS LIM test platform was built and the experiment was carried out with load. The experimental results show that the theoretical analysis is correct and reasonable.
Analysis and measure of novel stereo-garage driven by linear induction motor
Lu Qinfen
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The car access time is a key parameter, especially in a huge stereo-garage, where this one should be decreased as much as possible. This paper proposes a novel stereo-garage. Adopting the linear induction motors (LIMs, the system has a simple structure and rapid response capability. In the stereo-garage, several LIMs are installed below the crossbeam on a lifting platform, and several LIMs are fixed on the top of a moving frame. During the operation of LIMs, the moving frame moves forward and backward to reach the required parking place, whereas the crossbeam moves horizontally in order to take or store the vehicle rapidly. All these LIMs are the same and should be designed at a low frequency. The influences of key structure parameters and dynamic performances are investigated, based on FEM. The predicted results are validated by a prototype. Finally, the designed LIMs are successfully applied in two 8-layer stereo-garages.
Scalar Control for Six Phase Matrix Converter Fed Double Star Induction Motor
BENDIABDELLAH, A.
2010-02-01
Full Text Available Two different control strategies applied to a direct AC-AC six phase matrix converter are investigated in the present paper. The first strategy is derived from the Venturini method and the second approach is practically an extension of the scalar strategy control. Both strategies were originally applied to the three phase matrix converter. The current investigation deals with a comparative performance study of a double star induction motor fed from a six-phase matrix converter using the two above modified control strategies. After a theoretical introduction of the six-phase matrix converter, a detailed description of the strategies implementation is presented followed by a discussion of results obtained simulation results.
Induction motor IFOC based speed-controlled drive with asymptotic disturbance compensation
Stojić Đorđe M.
2012-01-01
Full Text Available This paper presents the design of digitally controlled speed electrical drive, with the asymptotic compensation of external disturbances, implemented by using the IFOC (Indirect Field Oriented Control torque controlled induction motor. The asymptotic disturbance compensation is achieved by using the DOB (Disturbance Observer with the IMP (Internal Model Principle. When compared to the existing IMP-based DOB solutions, in this paper the robust stability and disturbance compensation are improved by implementing the minimal order DOB filter. Also, the IMP-based DOB design is improved by employing the asymptotic compensation of all elemental or more complex external disturbances. The dynamic model of the IFOC torque electrical drive is, also, included in the speed-controller and DOB section design. The simulation and experimental measurements presented in the paper illustrate the effectiveness and robustness of the proposed control scheme.
LEE Seung-Ju; SUN Dong; MILLS James K
2006-01-01
The application of a closed-loop specification oriented feedback control design method,which addresses the design of controllers to satisfy multiple simultaneous conflicting closed-loop performance specifications is presented. The proposed approach is well suited to the design of controllers which must meet a set of conflicting performance specifications. Gain tuning is central to the design process, however, the tuning process is greatly simplified over that presented by the problem of tuning a PID controller for example. The proposed control method is applied to an AC induction motor, with an inner-loop flux vector controller applied to design a position control system. Experimental results verify the effectiveness of this method.
Condition monitoring of shaft of single-phase induction motor using optical sensor
Fulzele, Asmita G.; Arajpure, V. G.; Holay, P. P.; Patil, N. M.
2012-05-01
Transmission type of optical technique is developed to sense the condition of rotating shafts from a distance. A parallel laser beam is passed tangential over the surface of rotating shaft of a single phase induction motor and its flickering shadow is received on a photo sensor. Variations in sensor voltage output are observed on a digital storage oscilloscope. It is demonstrated that this signal carries information about shaft defects like miss alignment, play and impacts in bearings along with surface deformities. Mathematical model of signals corresponding to these shaft defects is developed. During the development and testing of the sensor, effects of reflections are investigated, sensing phenomenon is simulated, frequency response of the sensor is obtained and its performance is compared with conventional accelerometer.
Evaluation of Starting Current of Induction Motors Using Artificial Neural Network
Iman Sadeghkhani
2014-07-01
Full Text Available Induction motors (IMs are widely used in industry including it be an electrical or not. However during starting period, their starting currents are so large that can damage equipment. Therefore, this current should be estimated accurately to prevent hazards caused by it. In this paper, the artificial neural network (ANN as an intelligent tool is used to evaluate starting current peak of IMs. Both Multilayer Perceptron (MLP and Radial Basis Function (RBF structures have been analyzed. Six learning algorithms, backpropagation (BP, delta-bar-delta (DBD, extended delta-bar-delta (EDBD, directed random search (DRS, quick propagation (QP, and levenberg marquardt (LM were used to train the MLP. The simulation results using MATLAB show that most developed ANNs can estimate the starting current peak of IMs with good accuracy. However, it is proven that LM and EDBD algorithms present better performance for starting current evaluation based on average of relative and absolute errors.
Sensorless Speed Control of Induction Motors with DTC Based on EKF
Bijan Sheikhan
2009-12-01
Full Text Available Considering the wide usage of induction motors in various industries and the limitation of applying speed sensors in some cases, sensorless drives have became very important and the challenge to increase the accuracy of estimation continues. This paper presents a novel method for sensorless speed control for IM's that not only improve the estimation and speed tracking in DTC but also eliminate the speed sensor in DTC. For this purpose all needed parameters for sensorless speed control such as stator flux, speed and load torque are estimated with the extended Kalman filter. In this method, noise due to system structure, voltage, and current sampling is eliminated in all the effective parameters. Simulation results show the increase in the precision of estimation and speed tracking.
Rail Brake System Using a Linear Induction Motor for Dynamic Braking
Sakamoto, Yasuaki; Kashiwagi, Takayuki; Tanaka, Minoru; Hasegawa, Hitoshi; Sasakawa, Takashi; Fujii, Nobuo
One type of braking system for railway vehicles is the eddy current brake. Because this type of brake has the problem of rail heating, it has not been used for practical applications in Japan. Therefore, we proposed the use of a linear induction motor (LIM) for dynamic braking in eddy current brake systems. The LIM reduces rail heating and uses an inverter for self excitation. In this paper, we estimated the performance of an LIM from experimental results of a fundamental test machine and confirmed that the LIM generates an approximately constant braking force under constant current excitation. At relatively low frequencies, this braking force remains unaffected by frequency changes. The reduction ratio of rail heating is also approximately proportional to the frequency. We also confirmed that dynamic braking resulting in no electrical output can be used for drive control of the LIM. These characteristics are convenient for the realization of the LIM rail brake system.
A Rotor Flux and Speed Observer for Sensorless Single-Phase Induction Motor Applications
Massimo Caruso
2012-01-01
Full Text Available It is usual to find single-phase induction motor (SPIM in several house, office, shopping, farm, and industry applications, which are become each time more sophisticated and requiring the development of efficient alternatives to improve the operational performance of this machine. Although the rotor flux and rotational speed are essential variables in order to optimize the operation of a SPIM, the use of conventional sensors to measure them is not a viable option. Thus, the adoption of sensorless strategies is the more reasonable proposal for these cases. This paper presents a rotor flux and rotational speed observer for sensorless applications involving SPIMs. Computer simulations and the experimental results are used to verify the performance of the proposed observer.
Performance analysis of variable speed multiphase induction motor with pole phase modulation
Liu Huijuan
2016-09-01
Full Text Available The pole phase modulation (PPM technique is an effective method to extend speed range and torque capabilities for an integrated starter and hybrid electric vehicles applications. In this paper, the five pole-phase combination types of a multiphase induction motor (IM with 36 stator slots and 36 stator conductors are presented and compared quantitatively by using the time-stepping finite element method (TS-FEM. The 36 stator conductors of the proposed multiphase IM are fed by a 36 leg inverter and the current phase angle and amplitude of each stator conductor can be controlled independently. This paper focuses on the winding connection, the PPM technique and the performance comparative analysis of each pole-phase combination types of the proposed multiphase IM. The flux distribution, air-gap flux density, output torque, core losses and efficiency of five pole-phase combination types have been investigated.
Yamamoto, Shu; Yamaguchi, Tomonobu; Hirahara, Hideaki; Ara, Takahiro
This paper presents asymmetric circuit models and an inductance parameter measurement method for Permanent Magnet Linear Synchronous Motors (PMLSMs). The reason why the tested PMLSM with surface permanent magnet structure exhibits both asymmetry and salient pole natures is investigated. Asymmetric circuit models considering the saliency and inductance harmonic effects are discussed for PMLSM fed by three-phase three-wire power source systems. All fundamental and harmonic inductance parameters are easily determined by a standstill test using a single-phase commercial source. Experimental and simulation results on a single-sided PMLSM with a 3-phase, 4-pole and 14-slot mover demonstrate the validity of the proposed method.
R. Flores-Angeles
2012-10-01
Full Text Available This paper presents a methodology to compute the inductances of the abc induction motor model considering mixedeccentricity. The winding function method (WFM is employed to calculate the magnetizing inductances. Moreover,the air gap is approximated by an expression which can consider the case mentioned before as well as the healthycase (i.e., with uniform air gap. Due to the fact that the dynamic performance of the machine depends strongly on itsinductances, some basic dimensions of a real machine are used and a comparison between different free accelerationcharacteristics is given such as currents, electromagnetic torque and speed.
The model of double-cage induction motor for the analysis of thermal fields in transient operations
Mróz Jan
2017-06-01
Full Text Available Emergency motor switch-on happens occasionally while operating a doublesquirrel- cage motor at full supply voltage with the rotor blocked (e.g., in coal mills. After releasing the blockage, the by now heated motor is started up again. However, the mechanical stress caused by the increased temperature poses considerable hazards to the squirrel-cage winding. This paper presents a double-cage induction motor model for analysis of thermal fields in transient operation. The thermal field for the rotor of a doublesquirrel- cage motor of soldered or cast structure, operating in the conditions described, has been calculated in the present paper using a thermal network method. Measurement results have been presented for the double-squirrel-cage winding temperature for a soldered cage construction in the blocked rotor state.
Sousa, Andre Luis de Oliveira e; Silva, Marcos Morais da [Centro Universitario de Belo Horizonte (UniBH), MG (Brazil)], e-mails: alosousa@gmail.com, marcosmoraisdasilva@hotmail.com; Pires, Igor Amariz [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (PPGEE/UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia de Eletronica], e-mail: iap@ufmg.br
2012-07-01
First of all, this work went into an exploratory study which shows the variety of factors that the induction motors are submitted for being driven by frequency inverters. It's target was to address the leading technical aspects of the induction motors cage, and also, to discuss the influences of the inverters about the motor characteristics such as reflection voltage, common mode of noise, rise-time, and so on. On the top of it, this work have had a deep study about the interferences from installation and the distance between the frequency inverter and electric motor such as the aggravation of these factors for both the inverter-motor system and for electrical systems. They are magnetically linked to this system by a bunch of wires and cables. Also, some solutions about electric motor's manufacturers are also showed. Inverters, wire's suppliers and insulation materials have sought in order to get a great interaction between the electric motor and frequency inverter to avoid disturbing the system. Not only for themselves but also for the adjacent systems. Once we had faced it's subject, we can define that the factors here presented can directly interfere with the engine's life or lead it into problems with the electrical systems, if installed next to the drive by a frequency inverter. As it is a kind of trigger that only had got the confidence of the industries recently, regarding to the replacement of DC motors, many companies that provide it, are not technically ready to correctly specify the whole set, in order avoid the interference generated as it was well showed in this work. (author)