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Sample records for man-machine cooperative multi

  1. FY1995 distributed control of man-machine cooperative multi agent systems; 1995 nendo ningen kyochogata multi agent kikai system no jiritsu seigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    In the near future, distributed autonomous systems will be practical in many situations, e.g., interactive production systems, hazardous environments, nursing homes, and individual houses. The agents which consist of the distributed system must not give damages to human being and should be working economically. In this project man-machine cooperative multi agent systems are studied in many kind of respects, and basic design technology, basic control technique are developed by establishing fundamental theories and by constructing experimental systems. In this project theoretical and experimental studies are conducted in the following sub-projects: (1) Distributed cooperative control in multi agent type actuation systems (2) Control of non-holonomic systems (3) Man-machine Cooperative systems (4) Robot systems learning human skills (5) Robust force control of constrained systems In each sub-project cooperative nature between machine agent systems and human being, interference between artificial multi agents and environment and new function emergence in coordination of the multi agents and the environment, robust force control against for the environments, control methods for non-holonomic systems, robot systems which can mimic and learn human skills were studied. In each sub-project, some problems were hi-lighted and solutions for the problems have been given based on construction of experimental systems. (NEDO)

  2. Man - Machine Communication

    CERN Document Server

    Petersen, Peter; Nielsen, Henning

    1984-01-01

    This report describes a Man-to-Machine Communication module which together with a STAC can take care of all operator inputs from the touch-screen, tracker balls and mechanical buttons. The MMC module can also contain a G64 card which could be a GPIB driver but many other G64 cards could be used. The soft-ware services the input devices and makes the results accessible from the CAMAC bus. NODAL functions for the Man Machine Communication is implemented in the STAC and in the ICC.

  3. An Intelligent Man-Machine Interface-Multi-Robot Control Adapted for Task Engagement Based on Single-Trial Detectability of P300.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirchner, Elsa A; Kim, Su K; Tabie, Marc; Wöhrle, Hendrik; Maurus, Michael; Kirchner, Frank

    2016-01-01

    Advanced man-machine interfaces (MMIs) are being developed for teleoperating robots at remote and hardly accessible places. Such MMIs make use of a virtual environment and can therefore make the operator immerse him-/herself into the environment of the robot. In this paper, we present our developed MMI for multi-robot control. Our MMI can adapt to changes in task load and task engagement online. Applying our approach of embedded Brain Reading we improve user support and efficiency of interaction. The level of task engagement was inferred from the single-trial detectability of P300-related brain activity that was naturally evoked during interaction. With our approach no secondary task is needed to measure task load. It is based on research results on the single-stimulus paradigm, distribution of brain resources and its effect on the P300 event-related component. It further considers effects of the modulation caused by a delayed reaction time on the P300 component evoked by complex responses to task-relevant messages. We prove our concept using single-trial based machine learning analysis, analysis of averaged event-related potentials and behavioral analysis. As main results we show (1) a significant improvement of runtime needed to perform the interaction tasks compared to a setting in which all subjects could easily perform the tasks. We show that (2) the single-trial detectability of the event-related potential P300 can be used to measure the changes in task load and task engagement during complex interaction while also being sensitive to the level of experience of the operator and (3) can be used to adapt the MMI individually to the different needs of users without increasing total workload. Our online adaptation of the proposed MMI is based on a continuous supervision of the operator's cognitive resources by means of embedded Brain Reading. Operators with different qualifications or capabilities receive only as many tasks as they can perform to avoid mental

  4. An Intelligent Man-Machine Interface—Multi-Robot Control Adapted for Task Engagement Based on Single-Trial Detectability of P300

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirchner, Elsa A.; Kim, Su K.; Tabie, Marc; Wöhrle, Hendrik; Maurus, Michael; Kirchner, Frank

    2016-01-01

    Advanced man-machine interfaces (MMIs) are being developed for teleoperating robots at remote and hardly accessible places. Such MMIs make use of a virtual environment and can therefore make the operator immerse him-/herself into the environment of the robot. In this paper, we present our developed MMI for multi-robot control. Our MMI can adapt to changes in task load and task engagement online. Applying our approach of embedded Brain Reading we improve user support and efficiency of interaction. The level of task engagement was inferred from the single-trial detectability of P300-related brain activity that was naturally evoked during interaction. With our approach no secondary task is needed to measure task load. It is based on research results on the single-stimulus paradigm, distribution of brain resources and its effect on the P300 event-related component. It further considers effects of the modulation caused by a delayed reaction time on the P300 component evoked by complex responses to task-relevant messages. We prove our concept using single-trial based machine learning analysis, analysis of averaged event-related potentials and behavioral analysis. As main results we show (1) a significant improvement of runtime needed to perform the interaction tasks compared to a setting in which all subjects could easily perform the tasks. We show that (2) the single-trial detectability of the event-related potential P300 can be used to measure the changes in task load and task engagement during complex interaction while also being sensitive to the level of experience of the operator and (3) can be used to adapt the MMI individually to the different needs of users without increasing total workload. Our online adaptation of the proposed MMI is based on a continuous supervision of the operator's cognitive resources by means of embedded Brain Reading. Operators with different qualifications or capabilities receive only as many tasks as they can perform to avoid mental

  5. Man-machine interactions 3

    CERN Document Server

    Czachórski, Tadeusz; Kozielski, Stanisław

    2014-01-01

    Man-Machine Interaction is an interdisciplinary field of research that covers many aspects of science focused on a human and machine in conjunction.  Basic goal of the study is to improve and invent new ways of communication between users and computers, and many different subjects are involved to reach the long-term research objective of an intuitive, natural and multimodal way of interaction with machines.  The rapid evolution of the methods by which humans interact with computers is observed nowadays and new approaches allow using computing technologies to support people on the daily basis, making computers more usable and receptive to the user's needs.   This monograph is the third edition in the series and presents important ideas, current trends and innovations in  the man-machine interactions area.  The aim of this book is to introduce not only hardware and software interfacing concepts, but also to give insights into the related theoretical background. Reader is provided with a compilation of high...

  6. Man-machine dialogue design and challenges

    CERN Document Server

    Landragin, Frederic

    2013-01-01

    This book summarizes the main problems posed by the design of a man-machine dialogue system and offers ideas on how to continue along the path towards efficient, realistic and fluid communication between humans and machines. A culmination of ten years of research, it is based on the author's development, investigation and experimentation covering a multitude of fields, including artificial intelligence, automated language processing, man-machine interfaces and notably multimodal or multimedia interfaces. Contents Part 1. Historical and Methodological Landmarks 1. An Assessment of the Evolution

  7. MARTI: man-machine animation real-time interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Christian M.; Dlay, Satnam S.

    1997-05-01

    The research introduces MARTI (man-machine animation real-time interface) for the realization of natural human-machine interfacing. The system uses simple vocal sound-tracks of human speakers to provide lip synchronization of computer graphical facial models. We present novel research in a number of engineering disciplines, which include speech recognition, facial modeling, and computer animation. This interdisciplinary research utilizes the latest, hybrid connectionist/hidden Markov model, speech recognition system to provide very accurate phone recognition and timing for speaker independent continuous speech, and expands on knowledge from the animation industry in the development of accurate facial models and automated animation. The research has many real-world applications which include the provision of a highly accurate and 'natural' man-machine interface to assist user interactions with computer systems and communication with one other using human idiosyncrasies; a complete special effects and animation toolbox providing automatic lip synchronization without the normal constraints of head-sets, joysticks, and skilled animators; compression of video data to well below standard telecommunication channel bandwidth for video communications and multi-media systems; assisting speech training and aids for the handicapped; and facilitating player interaction for 'video gaming' and 'virtual worlds.' MARTI has introduced a new level of realism to man-machine interfacing and special effect animation which has been previously unseen.

  8. Man-machine collaboration using facial expressions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Ying; Katahera, S.; Cai, D.

    2002-09-01

    For realizing the flexible man-machine collaboration, understanding of facial expressions and gestures is not negligible. In our method, we proposed a hierarchical recognition approach, for the understanding of human emotions. According to this method, the facial AFs (action features) were firstly extracted and recognized by using histograms of optical flow. Then, based on the facial AFs, facial expressions were classified into two calsses, one of which presents the positive emotions, and the other of which does the negative ones. Accordingly, the facial expressions belonged to the positive class, or the ones belonged to the negative class, were classified into more complex emotions, which were revealed by the corresponding facial expressions. Finally, the system architecture how to coordinate in recognizing facil action features and facial expressions for man-machine collaboration was proposed.

  9. Man-machine interface for the MFTF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Speckert, G.C.

    1979-11-09

    In any complex system, the interesting problems occur at the interface of dissimilar subsystems. Control of the Mirror Fusion Test Facility (MFTF) begins with the US Congress, which controls the dollars, which control the people, who control the nine top-level minicomputers, which control the 65 microprocessors, which control the hardware that controls the physics experiment. There are many interesting boundaries across which control must pass, and the one that this paper addresses is the man-machine one. For the MFTF, the man-machine interface consists of a system of seven control consoles, each allowing one operator to communicate with one minicomputer. These consoles are arranged in a hierarchical manner, and both hardware and software were designed in a top-down fashion. This paper describes the requirements and the design of the console system as a whole, as well as the design and operation of the hardware and software of each console, and examines the possible form of a future man-machine interface.

  10. Advanced man-machine interaction. Fundamentals and implementation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kraiss, K.F. (ed.) [Aachen Technische Hochschule (Germany). Lehrstuhl fuer Technische Informatik und Computerwissenschaften

    2006-07-01

    Man-machine interaction is the gateway providing access to functions and services, which, due to the ever increasing complexity of smart systems, threatens to become a bottleneck. This book therefore introduces not only advanced interfacing concepts, but also gives insight into the related theoretical background.This refers mainly to the realization of video-based multimodal interaction via gesture, mimics, and speech, but also to interacting with virtual object in virtual environments, cooperating with local or remote robots, and user assistance. While most publications in the field of human factors engineering focus on interface design, this book puts special emphasis on implementation aspects. To this end it is accompanied by software development environments for image processing, classification, and virtual environment implementation. In addition a test data base is included for gestures, head pose, facial expressions, full-body person recognition, and people tracking. These data are used for the examples throughout the book, but are also meant to encourage the reader to start experimentation on his own. Thus the book may serve as a self-contained introduction both for researchers and developers of man-machine interfaces. It may also be used for graduate-level university courses. (orig.)

  11. Research on menu-typed man-machine interaction system of digital TIG welding machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何建萍; 张春波; 孙广; 吴毅雄; 焦馥杰

    2004-01-01

    A digital man-machine interaction system controlled by communications between two processors of TMS320F240 and AT98C2051 was researched in the paper. The system is easy to set and modify welding process parameters by keyboards, and display information of welding site by LCD (Liquid Crystal Display). As one part of multi-task system about TIG welding machine, the coordination of man-machine interaction system with other tasks is the main point to the stability and reliability of its operation. Experiments result indicates that the system is stable, operation-flexible, high precision, and anti-interfering.

  12. Methodological Aspects of Controlling Multilevel Man-Machine Organization Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitri GOLENKO-GINZBURG

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Hierarchical on-line control models for multilevel man-machine organization systems (production and project management systems are outlined. The models are based on the conception of emergency situations and risk averse on-line control. By using the idea that hierarchical levels can interact only in special situations, the so-called emergency points, one can decompose general and complex multi-level problems of optimal control into sequences of one-level control problems. A hierarchical on-line control model under chance constraint is presented. The model comprises a chance constraint at the upper level and enables at the lower level optimizing both the units' starting time and the resources to be hired. The objective is the average total expenses within the planning horizon while the chance constraint is the minimal permissible probability of meeting the due date on time.

  13. An Ecological Man-Machine Interface for Temporal Visualization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lars Peter; Koch, P.

    1993-01-01

    This paper concerns design of man-machine systems, especially the interface between man and machine (MMI). Three different models of human information processing are used to extract theoretical guidelines for designing MMI's to support human mental activity.....

  14. Theory in the design of the man-machine engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季孟蒙

    2015-01-01

    the article to the man - machine - environment system of interconnected and ergonomics of the content on the investigation and analysis of the role of design in detail, and shows the man-machine engineering opens up a new train of thought for design disciplines; Designer to design the content of the ascension to the height of the humanized design, make the design in line with the ergonomics principle and characteristics of the real reflects the respect of the design aspects of people's listening.

  15. An Ecological Man-Machine Interface for Temporal Visualization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Lars Peter; Koch, P.

    1993-01-01

    This paper concerns design of man-machine systems, especially the interface between man and machine (MMI). Three different models of human information processing are used to extract theoretical guidelines for designing MMI's to support human mental activity........This paper concerns design of man-machine systems, especially the interface between man and machine (MMI). Three different models of human information processing are used to extract theoretical guidelines for designing MMI's to support human mental activity.....

  16. Man-machine Function Allocation Based on Uncertain Linguistic Multiple Attribute Decision Making

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG An; TANG Zhili; ZHANG Chao

    2011-01-01

    Function allocation is one of the necessary stages in the design course of man-machine systems since appropriate function allocation makes the whole system more effective,reliable and inexpensive.Therefore,our research mainly focuses on the problems of function allocation between man and machine in man-machine systems,analyses each capability advantage of man and machine according to their respective inherent characteristics and makes a comparison between them.In view of highly uncertain characteristics of decision attribute value in the practical process,we introduce the uncertain linguistic multiple attribute decision making (ULMADM) method in the function allocation process.Meanwhile,we also use the uncertain extended weighted arithmetic averaging (UEWAA) method to determine the automation level range of the operator functions.Then,we eventually establish the automation level of man-machine function allocation by using the multi-attribute decision making algorithm,which is combined by UEWAA and uncertain linguistic hybrid aggregation (ULHA) operators.Finally,an example about function allocation is given,that is,fault diagnosis in the cockpit of civil aircraft.The final result of the example demonstrates that the proposed method about function allocation is feasible and effective.

  17. Human capabilities in space. [man machine interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicogossian, A. E.

    1984-01-01

    Man's ability to live and perform useful work in space was demonstrated throughout the history of manned space flight. Current planning envisions a multi-functional space station. Man's unique abilities to respond to the unforeseen and to operate at a level of complexity exceeding any reasonable amount of previous planning distinguish him from present day machines. His limitations, however, include his inherent inability to survive without protection, his limited strength, and his propensity to make mistakes when performing repetitive and monotonous tasks. By contrast, an automated system does routine and delicate tasks, exerts force smoothly and precisely, stores, and recalls large amounts of data, and performs deductive reasoning while maintaining a relative insensitivity to the environment. The establishment of a permanent presence of man in space demands that man and machines be appropriately combined in spaceborne systems. To achieve this optimal combination, research is needed in such diverse fields as artificial intelligence, robotics, behavioral psychology, economics, and human factors engineering.

  18. Man-Machine Interface Design for Modeling and Simulation Software

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnstein J. Borstad

    1986-07-01

    Full Text Available Computer aided design (CAD systems, or more generally interactive software, are today being developed for various application areas like VLSI-design, mechanical structure design, avionics design, cartographic design, architectual design, office automation, publishing, etc. Such tools are becoming more and more important in order to be productive and to be able to design quality products. One important part of CAD-software development is the man-machine interface (MMI design.

  19. A review of warship man-machine-environment system engineering

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZHANG Yumei

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Warship Man-Machine-Environment System Engineering (MMESE is an integral part of the overall design, and its design principles were proposed according to safety, efficiency, comfort and pleasure. The typical characteristics of MMESE are summarized. The operating environment is extremely terrible on long voyages. High level collaboration is required due to the complex task system and large manpower demand. Owing to the dense computer interface information, the mental cognitive burden on the crew is heavy. The MMESE technology system is divided into four parts:man-machine coordinated, man-environment coordinated, the evaluation of man-machine-environment characteristics and the ergonomic simulation. Based on the MMESE development venation in this paper, the overseas and domestic research statuses are expounded. Interactive optimization can be realized according to the following aspects:researching the basic human characteristics of the crew, applying this to the warship's overall design, and formulating relevant ergonomic standards and norms. Next, Human System Integration (HSI professional engineering was introduced comprehensively into the marines in order to achieve an optimal system. On this basis, we completed the future development trend analysis. All these studies and results have some reference meaning for guiding the integrated optimization of warships as a whole, downsizing the manpower and improving efficiency.

  20. Man-Man-Machine-Machine Etiquette: Towards an Environment to Investigate Behavioral Rules for Dynamic Man-Machine Teams

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    simulation (compound and environment) Sensor Simulation Agents (Guards, decision support, sensor support) Man-Machine Interface Ground Truth ( RPR ) G...10]). It is desired to make this interface based on existing standards. HLA is chosen for the M4E interface. The HLA RPR FOM is a data exchange...Definitions For M4E we have define the following additional classes to the RPR FOM: Table 1: Additional FOM classes. Object Classes Interaction Classes

  1. Adaptation in Multi-Satellite Constellation Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    AFRL-RV-PS- AFRL-RV-PS- TR-2014-0113 TR-2014-0113 ADAPTATION IN MULTI-SATELLITE CONSTELLATION COOPERATION Chengyu Cao University of Connecticut...Multi-Satellite Constellation Cooperation 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER FA9453-13-1-0287 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 61102F 6. AUTHOR(S) 5d... constellations . 15. SUBJECT TERMS Autonomous space systems, High fidelity satellite simulator, multi-objective optimization 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF

  2. Task 8.6 -- Advanced man machine interface (MMI)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    The Solar/DOE ATS engine program seeks to improve the utilization of turbomachinery resources through the development of an Advanced Man Machine Interface (MMI). The program goals include timely and succinct feedback to the operations personnel to enhance their decision making process. As part of the Solar ATS Phase 2 technology development program, enabling technologies, including graphics environments, communications technology, and operating systems were explored to determine their viability to support the overall MMI requirements. This report discusses the research and prototyping effort, as well as the conclusions reached.

  3. Multi-agent robotic cooperative assembly system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Presents a multi-robot cooperative assembly systen (MRCAS) which is composed of an organizer computer, three industrial robots, PUMA 562 mounted on an onni-directional vehicle, PUMA 760 and Adept I and organized in to a hierarchical structure with the cooperation organization on the top and the coordination motion at the bottom to solve the main problem of coordination and cooperation among robots, and concludes with experimental results that MRCAS is reconfigurable and adaptable as the mission changes.

  4. MAN-MACHINE COLLABORATED KNOWLEDGE CREATION IN HWMSE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jingyuan YU; Xiaoji ZHOU; Shan FENG

    2005-01-01

    The target of Hall for Workshop of Meta-synthetic Engineering (HWMSE) is to organically combine the human expert systems, machine systems and knowledge systems so as to realize meta-syntheses. The availability of HWMSE embodies in capabilities of knowledge using and knowledge creation. In HWMSE the knowledge systems could be classed into two types: general knowledge system and object knowledge system. A highly strong and continually accumulated object knowledge system is essential for complex system problem solving. Systematic study of the object system is the foundation for knowledge system construction in HWMSE. It is important to design the knowledge system as a whole for systematic research while at the meanwhile open for accumulation through utilization. Case of object knowledge system construction and utilization in the project Research on the Man-machine Collaborated HWMSE Supporting Macroeconomic Policy Making is discussed.

  5. JACOS: AI-based simulation system for man-machine system behavior in NPP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, Kazuo; Yokobayashi, Masao; Tanabe, Fumiya [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Kawase, Katsumi [CSK Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Komiya, Akitoshi [Computer Associated Laboratory, Inc., Hitachinaka, Ibaraki (Japan)

    2001-08-01

    A prototype of a computer simulation system named JACOS (JAERI COgnitive Simulation system) has been developed at JAERI (Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute) to simulate the man-machine system behavior in which both the cognitive behavior of a human operator and the plant behavior affect each other. The objectives of this system development is to provide man-machine system analysts with detailed information on the cognitive process of an operator and the plant behavior affected by operator's actions in accidental situations of a nuclear power plant. The simulation system consists of an operator model and a plant model which are coupled dynamically. The operator model simulates an operator's cognitive behavior in accidental situations based on the decision ladder model of Rasmussen, and is implemented using the AI-techniques of the distributed cooperative inference method with the so-called blackboard architecture. Rule-based behavior is simulated using knowledge representation with If-Then type of rules. Knowledge-based behavior is simulated using knowledge representation with MFM (Multilevel Flow Modeling) and qualitative reasoning method. Cognitive characteristics of attentional narrowing, limitation of short-term memory, and knowledge recalling from long-term memory are also taken into account. The plant model of a 3-loop PWR is also developed using a best estimate thermal-hydraulic analysis code RELAP5/MOD2. This report is prepared as User's Manual for JACOS. The first chapter of this report describes both operator and plant models in detail. The second chapter includes instructive descriptions for program installation, building of a knowledge base for operator model, execution of simulation and analysis of simulation results. The examples of simulation with JACOS are shown in the third chapter. (author)

  6. Receiver-Controlled Multi-Node Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Ye; Yue Li; XueJun Sha; Esko Alasaarela

    2014-01-01

    Since wireless links in Ad hoc networks are more fragile than those in traditional wireless networks due to route flapping, multi-node cooperation plays an important role in ensuring the quality of service ( QoS) . Based on the authors’ previous work, this paper proposes a receiver-controlled multi-node cooperation routing protocol, known as AODV-RCC. In this protocol, nodes form a cooperation group based on signal power. In a cooperation group, signal power between a partner and a transmitter, as well as signal power between the partner and the receiver, must be larger than the signal power between the transmitter and the receiver. Otherwise, the transmission will not benefit from cooperation. To avoid collision or congestion, each cooperation group only contains one partner. This partner offers both data and ACK cooperative retransmission. Its retransmission time should be shorter than the internal retry time of the transmitter’ s MAC layer, because it is better for the partner to retransmit firstly, as it offers a more reliable cooperative link. In AODV-RCC, it is the receiver that chooses the partner, because the link between the partner and the receiver is the most important. According to our simulation results, AODV-RCC shortens the end-to-end delay and increases the packet delivery ratio.

  7. Heterogeneous Multi-Robot Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-02-01

    the objects the robots manipulate are hazardous waste. I have not actually applied the robots to reA toxic waste spills, since they are simply small...1993] Bruce Randall Donald, James Jennings, and Daniela Rus. To- wards a theory of information invariants for cooperating autonomous mobile robots

  8. Affective Man-Machine Interface: Unveiling Human Emotions through Biosignals

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Broek, Egon L.; Lisý, Viliam; Janssen, Joris H.; Westerink, Joyce H. D. M.; Schut, Marleen H.; Tuinenbreijer, Kees

    As is known for centuries, humans exhibit an electrical profile. This profile is altered through various psychological and physiological proce-sses, which can be measured through biosignals; e.g., electromyography (EMG) and electrodermal activity (EDA). These biosignals can reveal our emotions and, as such, can serve as an advanced man-machine interface (MMI) for empathic consumer products. However, such a MMI requires the correct classification of biosignals to emotion classes. This chapter starts with an introduction on biosignals for emotion detection. Next, a state-of-the-art review is presented on automatic emotion classification. Moreover, guidelines are presented for affective MMI. Subsequently, a research is presented that explores the use of EDA and three facial EMG signals to determine neutral, positive, negative, and mixed emotions, using recordings of 21 people. A range of techniques is tested, which resulted in a generic framework for automated emotion classification with up to 61.31% correct classification of the four emotion classes, without the need of personal profiles. Among various other directives for future research, the results emphasize the need for parallel processing of multiple biosignals.

  9. 作战飞机人机功能分配方法%Search after Methods of Man-Machine Function Allocation of Combat Aircraft

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柳平; 胡孟权; 胡文东; 贾联慧; 陈军

    2012-01-01

    According to the Man-Machine function allocation requirements of the aircraft design, combined with the characteristics of Man-Machine cooperation, this article comprehensively studies on the principle and method of function allocation of Man-Machine during the design of Man-Machine system. The general flow of the function allocation is established, combined with the qualitative and quantitative analysis and used the Fuzzy mathematics method to found the model of function allocation. It provides a new method reference to the Man-Machine function allocation for the aircraft design.%根据现代作战飞机设计对人机功能分配的需求,结合执行任务过程中人机协作的特点及一般协同工作模式,综合考虑人机功能分配的一般方法,研究了作战飞机设计中人机功能分配的原则和方法.建立了适于大型作战飞机的功能分配一般流程,运用定性和定量相结合的分析方法,引入多目标模糊决策的数学方法,建立了人机功能分配的一般模型.为飞机设计中合理进行人机功能分配提供了一种新的参考方法.

  10. State of the art in nuclear telerobotics: focus on the man/machine connection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greaves, Amna E.

    1995-12-01

    The interface between the human controller and remotely operated device is a crux of telerobotic investigation today. This human-to-machine connection is the means by which we communicate our commands to the device, as well as the medium for decision-critical feedback to the operator. The amount of information transferred through the user interface is growing. This can be seen as a direct result of our need to support added complexities, as well as a rapidly expanding domain of applications. A user interface, or UI, is therefore subject to increasing demands to present information in a meaningful manner to the user. Virtual reality, and multi degree-of-freedom input devices lend us the ability to augment the man/machine interface, and handle burgeoning amounts of data in a more intuitive and anthropomorphically correct manner. Along with the aid of 3-D input and output devices, there are several visual tools that can be employed as part of a graphical UI that enhance and accelerate our comprehension of the data being presented. Thus an advanced UI that features these improvements would reduce the amount of fatigue on the teleoperator, increase his level of safety, facilitate learning, augment his control, and potentially reduce task time. This paper investigates the cutting edge concepts and enhancements that lead to the next generation of telerobotic interface systems.

  11. A study on advanced man-machine interface system for autonomous nuclear power plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsuoka, Takeshi; Numano, Masayoshi; Someya, Minoru; Fukuto, Junji; Mitomo, Noboru; Miyazaki, Keiko; Sugasawa, Shinobu [Ship Research Inst., Mitaka, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-01-01

    Research on Artificial Intelligence Systems for Nuclear Installations has been performed in cooperation with five research institutes (Ship Research Institute, Electrotechnical Laboratory, Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation, The Institute of Physical and Chemical Research), from 1989 to 1994 as the Cross-over Research Group with the support of the Science and Technology Agency. Ship Research Institute has been carrying out the research on the Man-Machine Interface (MMI) system for autonomous nuclear power plants. This paper describes the concept of autonomous nuclear power plants, a plant simulator of an autonomous nuclear power plant, a contracted function model of a plant state, three-dimensional color graphic display of a plant state, and a function of automatic classification of plant states by the COBWEB method. A plant simulator has been developed by using the expert system G2 (Gensym Co.). The simulator generates plant process data at each component of a plant. This simulator models a pressurized water reactor and some examples of autonomous functions are incorporated. A contracted function model of a plant state has been produced at the main part of the MMI system based on plant process data from the simulator. The main purpose of the present study is to give the MMI system a function to identify the plant operational state, to update and revise the function model, and to expand a knowledge. A plant state is expressed in a three-dimensional graphic display which receives sensor values from the plant simulator and expresses the plant state in nearly real time speed. A research on the automatic classification of plant states has been also performed, which shows us the relations among different plant states. The study is being continued to the 2nd stage Cross-over Research from 1994, as the Study on Divers, Cooperative Intelligent System for Autonomous Plants. (J.P.N.)

  12. Multi-point cooperative communication systems theory and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Ding, Ming

    2013-01-01

    Multi-point Cooperative Communication Systems: Theory and Applications mainly discusses multi-point cooperative communication technologies which are used to overcome the long-standing problem of limited transmission rate caused by the inter-point interference. Instead of combating the interference, recent progress in both academia and industrial standardizations has evolved to adopt the philosophy of “exploiting” the interference to improve the transmission rate by cooperating among multiple points. This book addresses the multi-point cooperative communication system systematically giving  the readers a clear picture of the technology map and where the discussed schemes may fit. This book includes not only the theories of the paradigm-shifting multi-point cooperative communication, but also the designs of sub-optimal cooperative communication schemes for practical systems. Ming Ding is a senior researcher at Sharp Laboratories of China; Hanwen Luo is a professor at Shanghai Jiao Tong University.

  13. 13th International Conference on Man-Machine-Environment System Engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Dhillon, Balbir

    2014-01-01

    The integrated and advanced science research topic Man-Machine-Environment System Engineering (MMESE) was first established in China by Professor Shengzhao Long in 1981, with direct support from one of the greatest modern Chinese scientists, Xuesen Qian. In a letter to Shengzhao Long from October 22nd, 1993, Xuesen Qian wrote: “You have created a very important modern science and technology in China!”   MMESE primarily focuses on the relationship between man, machines and the environment, studying the optimum combination of man-machine-environment systems. In this system, “man” refers to people in the workplace (e.g. operators, decision-makers); “ machine” is the general name for any object controlled by man (including tools, machinery, computers, systems and technologies), and “environment” describes the specific working conditions under which man and machine interact (e.g. temperature, noise, vibration, hazardous gases etc.). The three goals of optimization of Man-Machine-Environment system...

  14. 14th International Conference on Man-Machine-Environment System Engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Dhillon, Balbir

    2015-01-01

    The integrated and advanced science research topic man-machine-environment system engineering (MMESE) was first established in China by Professor Shengzhao Long in 1981, with direct support from one of the greatest modern Chinese scientists, Xuesen Qian. In a letter to Shengzhao Long from October 22nd, 1993, Xuesen Qian wrote: “You have created a very important modern science and technology in China!”   MMESE primarily focuses on the relationship between man, machines and the environment, studying the optimum combination of man-machine-environment systems. In this system, “man” refers to people in the workplace (e.g. operators, decision-makers); “ machine” is the general name for any object controlled by man (including tools, machinery, computers, systems and technologies), and “environment” describes the specific working conditions under which man and machine interact (e.g. temperature, noise, vibration, hazardous gases etc.). The three goals of optimization of man-machine-environment system...

  15. Man-Machine Integrated Design and Analysis System (MIDAS): Functional Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corker, Kevin; Neukom, Christian

    1998-01-01

    Included in the series of screen print-outs illustrates the structure and function of the Man-Machine Integrated Design and Analysis System (MIDAS). Views into the use of the system and editors are featured. The use-case in this set of graphs includes the development of a simulation scenario.

  16. Stability and Bifurcation Analysis of Man-machine System with Time Delay

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Ji-hua; LIU Mei

    2012-01-01

    A mathematical model of man-machine system is considered.Based on the reference [4],the direction and stability of the Hopf bifurcation are determined using the normal form method and the center manifold theory.Furthermore,the existence of Hopf-zero bifurcation is discussed.In the end,some numerical simulations are carried out to illustrate the results found.

  17. Research on Cognitive Cooperation in Multi-Agent Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The accomplishment of a complex problem usually involves cooperation between participators with different knowledge background concerned. This paper identifies inter-dependency between different sub problems (through problem decomposition) as the major factor that influences cooperative relations in multi-Agent systems, based on which we propose an efficient means to measure cooperation coefficient (degree) between different Agents. Then cognitive cooperation between Agents is analyzed which aims at collecting the wisdom of the cognitive community for a systematic solution to the overall problem.

  18. Attempt on construction of human friendly man-machine interface. Study and apply about human communication; Human friendly na man machine interface kochiku no kokoromi. Ningen no communication no kento to sono oyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tatsuno, J. [Tokyo University of Agriculture, Tokyo (Japan); Kokubo, Y.; Matsumura, I.; Kobayashi, H. [Hosei University, Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-04-01

    This paper describes an attempt on a construction way of human friendly man-machine interface. At first, we do a simple experiment to find out the characteristic of human verbal communication. From the experimental results, we get some rules in case in human verbal communication. We construct the man-machine interface which is based on these rules. Through teaching process, we examine our verbal communication interface comparing with conventional interfaces. From this comparison, we recognize that the verbal communication interface is valid to construct the user-friendly man-machine interface. 12 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  19. Love-hate for man-machine metaphors in Soviet physiology: from Pavlov to "physiological cybernetics".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerovitch, Slava

    2002-06-01

    This article reinterprets the debate between orthodox followers of the Pavlovian reflex theory and Soviet "cybernetic physiologists" in the 1950s and 60s as a clash of opposing man-machine metaphors. While both sides accused each other of "mechanistic," reductionist methodology, they did not see anything "mechanistic" about their own central metaphors: the telephone switchboard metaphor for nervous activity (the Pavlovians), and the analogies between the human brain and a computer (the cyberneticians). I argue that the scientific utility of machine analogies was closely intertwined with their philosophical and political meanings and that new interpretations of these metaphors emerged as a result of political conflicts and a realignment of forces within the scientific community and in society at large. I suggest that the constant travel of man-machine analogies, back and forth between physiology and technology has blurred the traditional categories of the "mechanistic" and the "organic" in Soviet neurophysiology, as perhaps in the history of physiology in general.

  20. Quantitative evaluation of impedance perception characteristics of humans in the man-machine interface

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Onish, Keiichi [Yamaha Motor Co., Shizuoka (Japan); Kim, Young Woo [Daegu Techno Park R and D Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Obinata, Goro [Nagoya University, Nagoya (Japan); Hase, Kazunori [Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo (Japan)

    2013-05-15

    We investigated impedance perception characteristics of humans in the man-machine interface. Sensibility or operational feel about physical properties of machine dynamics is obtained through perception process. We evaluated the impedance perception characteristics of humans who are operating a mechanical system, based on extended Scheffe's subjective evaluation method in full consideration of the influence of impedance level, impedance difference, experiment order, individual difference and so on. Constant method based quantitative evaluation was adopted to investigate the influence of motion frequency and change of the impedance on human impedance perception characteristics. Experimental results indicate that humans perceive impedance of mechanical systems based on comparison process of the dynamical characteristics of the systems. The proposed method can be applied to quantify the design requirement of man-machine interface. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified through experimental results.

  1. Some trends in man-machine interface design for industrial process plants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jens

    1980-01-01

    The demands for an efficient and reliable man-machine inter-face in industrial process plant are increasing due to the steadily growing size and complexity of installations. At the same time, computerized technology offers the possibility of powerful and effective solutions to designers....... In the paper, problems related to interface design, operator training and human reliability are discussed in the light of this technological development, and an integrated approach to system design based on a consistent model or framework describing the man-machine interaction is advocated.The work presented...... is part of a Scandinavian research project sponsored by the Board of Nordic Ministers, for the study of control room design and human reliability in nuclear power plants....

  2. Comparison of Models Needed for Conceptual Design of Man-Machine Systems in Different Application Domains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jens

    1986-01-01

    For systematic and computer-aided design of man-machine systems, a consistent framework is needed, i. e. , a set of models which allows the selection of system characteristics which serve the individual user not only to satisfy his goal, but also to select mental processes that match his resource...... of other domains, such as emergency management, CAD/CAM/CIM, and office systems, and describes the characteristic differences in model requirements and requirements for model development....

  3. 16th International Conference on Man-Machine-Environment System Engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Dhillon, Balbir

    2016-01-01

    This research topic was first established in China by Professor Shengzhao Long in 1981, with direct support from one of the greatest modern Chinese scientists, Xuesen Qian. In a letter to Shengzhao Long from October 22nd, 1993, Xuesen Qian wrote: “You have created a very important modern science subject and technology in China!” MMESE primarily focuses on the relationship between Man, Machine and Environment, studying the optimum combination of man-machine-environment systems. In this system, “Man” refers to working people as the subject in the workplace (e.g. operators, decision-makers); “Machine” is the general name for any object controlled by Man (including tools, machinery, computers, systems and technologies), and “Environment” describes the specific working conditions under which Man and Machine interact (e.g. temperature, noise, vibration, hazardous gases etc.). The three goals of optimization are to ensure "Safety, High efficiency and Economy" of man-machine-environment systems. These...

  4. Man-Machine Interaction Design and Analysis System (MIDAS): Memory Representation and Procedural Implications for Airborne Communication Modalities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corker, Kevin M.; Pisanich, Gregory M.; Lebacqz, Victor (Technical Monitor)

    1996-01-01

    The Man-Machine Interaction Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) has been under development for the past ten years through a joint US Army and NASA cooperative agreement. MIDAS represents multiple human operators and selected perceptual, cognitive, and physical functions of those operators as they interact with simulated systems. MIDAS has been used as an integrated predictive framework for the investigation of human/machine systems, particularly in situations with high demands on the operators. Specific examples include: nuclear power plant crew simulation, military helicopter flight crew response, and police force emergency dispatch. In recent applications to airborne systems development, MIDAS has demonstrated an ability to predict flight crew decision-making and procedural behavior when interacting with automated flight management systems and Air Traffic Control. In this paper we describe two enhancements to MIDAS. The first involves the addition of working memory in the form of an articulatory buffer for verbal communication protocols and a visuo-spatial buffer for communications via digital datalink. The second enhancement is a representation of multiple operators working as a team. This enhanced model was used to predict the performance of human flight crews and their level of compliance with commercial aviation communication procedures. We show how the data produced by MIDAS compares with flight crew performance data from full mission simulations. Finally, we discuss the use of these features to study communications issues connected with aircraft-based separation assurance.

  5. Optimization of man-machine roll allocation in automatic systems; Jidoka system ni okeru hito to kikai no yakuwari buntan no saitekika

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamasaki, H. [Yokokawa Electric Corp., Tokyo (Japan). Research and Development Lab.

    1996-08-10

    Bearing reliability and safety of automatic systems in mind, man-machine roll allocation in the operation of facilities is examined, and the optimal roll allocation is proposed. The outline of the method for man-machine roll allocation is given in process instrumentation system, robotized assembly plant, railroad operation control system, and passenger airplane operation control system. The types of man-machine roll allocation in automatic system is divided into normal and emergency cases. Improvement in the total reliability of man-machine system can be expected by man-machine mutual complementary roll allocation. The core of the intelligent support system for emergency is the growing knowledge base, and the system performs intelligent support automatically or with the support of human in an emergency. For smooth man-machine information interchange at man`s own will, logical difference between man and machine must be adjusted in the man-machine interface. 8 refs., 2 tabs.

  6. Analysis of Bullying in Cooperative Multi-agent Systems’ Communications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celia Gutiérrez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Cooperative Multi-agent Systems frameworks do not include modules to test communications yet. The proposed framework incorporates robust analysis tools using IDKAnalysis2.0 to evaluate bullying effect in communications. The present work is based on ICARO-T. This platform follows the Adaptive Multi-agent Systems paradigm. Experimentation with ICARO-T includes two deployments: the equitative and the authoritative. Results confirm the usefulness of the analysis tools when exporting to Cooperative Multi-agent Systems that use different configurations. Besides, ICARO-T is provided with new functionality by a set of tools for communication analysis.

  7. Acquisition of Cooperative Small Unmanned Aerial Systems for Advancing Man Machine Interface Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-24

    sensor platforms. In this project, we aim to develop distributed algorithms to optimally sense dynamically changing environments by formulating synthetic...NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON 19b. TELEPHONE NUMBER Daniel Pack Daniel Pack , Yufei Huang, Chunjiang Qian, Victor Maldonado, and David Akopian 106012 c...sensor platforms. In this project, we aim to develop distributed algorithms to optimally sense dynamically changing environments by formulating

  8. Multi-Brain Games: Cooperation and Competition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijholt, Anton; Gürkök, Hayrettin; Stephanidis, C.; Antona, M.

    2013-01-01

    We survey research on multi-user brain-computer interfacing appli-cations and look in particular at ‘multi-brain games’. That is, games where in one or other form the (EEG-) measured brain activity of more than one user is needed to play the game. Various ways of integrating and merging brain activi

  9. Acceleration Workspace of Cooperating Multi-Finger Robot Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hyungwon Shim; Jihong Lee

    2008-01-01

    We present a mathematical method for acceleration workspace analysis of cooperating multi-finger robot systems using a model of point-contact with friction. A new unified formulation from dynamic equations of cooperating multi-finger robots is derived considering the force and acceleration relationships between the fingers and the object to be handled. From the dynamic equation, maximum translational and rotational acceleration bounds of an object are calculated under given constraints of contact conditions, configurations of fingers, and bounds on the torques of joint actuators for each finger. Here, the rotational acceleration bounds can be applied as an important manipulability index when the multi-finger robot grasps an object. To verify the proposed method, we used a set of case studies with a simple multi-finger mechanism system. The achievable acceleration boundary in task space can be obtained successfully with the proposed method and the acceleration boundary depends on the configurations of fingers.

  10. Man-machine interactive imaging and data processing using high-speed digital mass storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alsberg, H.; Nathan, R.

    1975-01-01

    The role of vision in teleoperation has been recognized as an important element in the man-machine control loop. In most applications of remote manipulation, direct vision cannot be used. To overcome this handicap, the human operator's control capabilities are augmented by a television system. This medium provides a practical and useful link between workspace and the control station from which the operator perform his tasks. Human performance deteriorates when the images are degraded as a result of instrumental and transmission limitations. Image enhancement is used to bring out selected qualities in a picture to increase the perception of the observer. A general purpose digital computer, an extensive special purpose software system is used to perform an almost unlimited repertoire of processing operations.

  11. Asset Analysis Method for the Cyber Security of Man Machine Interface System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Sung Kon; Kim, Hun Hee; Shin, Yeong Cheol [Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-10-15

    As digital MMIS (Man Machine Interface System) is applied in Nuclear Power Plant (NPP), cyber security is becoming more and more important. Regulatory guide (KINS/GT-N27) requires that implementation plan for cyber security be prepared in NPP. Regulatory guide recommends the following 4 processes: 1) an asset analysis of MMIS, 2) a vulnerability analysis of MMIS, 3) establishment of countermeasures, and 4) establishment of operational guideline for cyber security. Conventional method for the asset analysis is mainly performed with a table form for each asset. Conventional method requires a lot of efforts due to the duplication of information. This paper presents an asset analysis method using object oriented approach for the NPP

  12. Man-machine interface in a submarine command and weapon control system: features and design experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan H. Aas

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Important man-machine interface (MMI issues concerning a submarine command and weapon control system (CWCS such as crew organization, automation level and decision support are discussed in this paper. Generic submarine CWCS functions and operating conditions are outlined. Detailed, dynamic and real-time prototypes were used to support the MMI design. The prototypes are described and experience with detailed prototyping is discussed. Some of the main interaction principles are summarized and a restricted example of the resulting design is given. Our design experience and current work have been used to outline future perspectives of MMI design in naval CWCSs. The need for both formal and experimental approaches is emphasized.

  13. Cooperative Epistemic Multi-Agent Planning With Implicit Coordination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engesser, Thorsten; Bolander, Thomas; Mattmüller, Robert

    2015-01-01

    , meaning coordination is only allowed implicitly by means of the available epistemic actions. While this approach can be fruitfully applied to model reasoning in some simple social situations, we also provide some benchmark applications to show that the concept is useful for multi-agent systems in practice.......Epistemic Planning has been used to achieve ontic and epistemic control in multi-agent situations. We extend the formalism to include perspective shifts, allowing us to define a class of cooperative problems in which both action planning and execution is done in a purely distributed fashion...

  14. Cooperative Path-Planning for Multi-Vehicle Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qichen Wang

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a collision avoidance algorithm for multi-vehicle systems, which is a common problem in many areas, including navigation and robotics. In dynamic environments, vehicles may become involved in potential collisions with each other, particularly when the vehicle density is high and the direction of travel is unrestricted. Cooperatively planning vehicle movement can effectively reduce and fairly distribute the detour inconvenience before subsequently returning vehicles to their intended paths. We present a novel method of cooperative path planning for multi-vehicle systems based on reinforcement learning to address this problem as a decision process. A dynamic system is described as a multi-dimensional space formed by vectors as states to represent all participating vehicles’ position and orientation, whilst considering the kinematic constraints of the vehicles. Actions are defined for the system to transit from one state to another. In order to select appropriate actions whilst satisfying the constraints of path smoothness, constant speed and complying with a minimum distance between vehicles, an approximate value function is iteratively developed to indicate the desirability of every state-action pair from the continuous state space and action space. The proposed scheme comprises two phases. The convergence of the value function takes place in the former learning phase, and it is then used as a path planning guideline in the subsequent action phase. This paper summarizes the concept and methodologies used to implement this online cooperative collision avoidance algorithm and presents results and analysis regarding how this cooperative scheme improves upon two baseline schemes where vehicles make movement decisions independently.

  15. Integrated digital control and man-machine interface for complex remote handling systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rowe, J.C.; Spille, R.F.; Zimmermann, S.D.

    1986-12-01

    The Advanced Integrated Maintenance System (AIMS) is part of a continuing effort within the Consolidated Fuel Reprocessing Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to develop and extend the capabilities of remote manipulation and maintenance technology. The AIMS is a totally integrated approach to remote handling in hazardous environments. State-of-the-art computer systems connected through a high-speed communication network provide a real-time distributed control system that supports the flexibility and expandability needed for large integrated maintenance applications. A Man-Machine Interface provides high-level human interaction through a powerful color graphics menu-controlled operator console. An auxiliary control system handles the real-time processing needs for a variety of support hardware. A pair of dedicated fiber-optic-linked master/slave computer system control the Advanced Servomanipulator master/slave arms using powerful distributed digital processing methods. The FORTH language was used as a real-time operating and development environment for the entire system, and all of these components are integrated into a control room concept that represents the latest advancements in the development of remote maintenance facilities for hazardous environments.

  16. Geometric dimension model of virtual astronaut body for ergonomic analysis of man-machine space system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qianxiang, Zhou

    2012-07-01

    It is very important to clarify the geometric characteristic of human body segment and constitute analysis model for ergonomic design and the application of ergonomic virtual human. The typical anthropometric data of 1122 Chinese men aged 20-35 years were collected using three-dimensional laser scanner for human body. According to the correlation between different parameters, curve fitting were made between seven trunk parameters and ten body parameters with the SPSS 16.0 software. It can be concluded that hip circumference and shoulder breadth are the most important parameters in the models and the two parameters have high correlation with the others parameters of human body. By comparison with the conventional regressive curves, the present regression equation with the seven trunk parameters is more accurate to forecast the geometric dimensions of head, neck, height and the four limbs with high precision. Therefore, it is greatly valuable for ergonomic design and analysis of man-machine system.This result will be very useful to astronaut body model analysis and application.

  17. A Model of Application System for Man-Machine-Environment System Engineering in Vessels Based on IDEF0

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhen Shang; Changhua Qiu; Shifan Zhu

    2011-01-01

    Applying man-machine-environment system engineering (MMESE) in vessels is a method to improve the effectiveness of the interaction between equipment,environment,and humans for the purpose of advancing operating efficiency,performance,safety,and habitability of a vessel and its subsystems.In the following research,the life cycle of vessels was divided into 9 phases,and 15 research subjects were also identified from among these phases.The 15 subjects were systemized,and then the man-machine-environment engineering system application model for vessels was developed using the ICAM definition method 0 (IDEF0),which is a systematical modeling method.This system model bridges the gap between the data and information flow of every two associated subjects with the major basic research methods and approaches included,which brings the formerly relatively independent subjects together as a whole.The application of this systematic model should facilitate the application of man-machine-environment system engineering in vessels,especially at the conceptual and embodiment design phases.The managers and designers can deal with detailed tasks quickly and efficiently while reducing repetitive work.

  18. Cooperative Interference Management in Multi-Cell Downlink Beamforming

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Rui

    2009-01-01

    This paper studies the downlink beamforming for a multi-cell system, where multiple base stations (BSs) each with multiple antennas cooperatively design their respective transmit beamforming vectors. It is assumed that all mobile stations (MSs) are equipped with a single antenna each, and there is one active MS in each cell at one time. Accordingly, the system of interest can be modeled by a multiple-input single-output (MISO) Gaussian interference channel (IC), termed as MISO-IC, with interference treated as additive Gaussian noise. We are interested in designing a multi-cell cooperative downlink beamforming scheme to achieve different rate-tuples for active MSs on the Pareto boundary of the achievable rate region for the MISO-IC, which is in general a non-convex problem due to the coupled signal structure. By exploring the relationship between the MISO-IC and the cognitive radio (CR) MISO channel, we show that each Pareto-boundary rate-tuple of the MISO-IC can be achieved when each of the MSs attains its ow...

  19. A Biologically Inspired Cooperative Multi-Robot Control Architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howsman, Tom; Craft, Mike; ONeil, Daniel; Howell, Joe T. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    A prototype cooperative multi-robot control architecture suitable for the eventual construction of large space structures has been developed. In nature, there are numerous examples of complex architectures constructed by relatively simple insects, such as termites and wasps, which cooperatively assemble their nests. The prototype control architecture emulates this biological model. Actions of each of the autonomous robotic construction agents are only indirectly coordinated, thus mimicking the distributed construction processes of various social insects. The robotic construction agents perform their primary duties stigmergically i.e., without direct inter-agent communication and without a preprogrammed global blueprint of the final design. Communication and coordination between individual agents occurs indirectly through the sensed modifications that each agent makes to the structure. The global stigmergic building algorithm prototyped during the initial research assumes that the robotic builders only perceive the current state of the structure under construction. Simulation studies have established that an idealized form of the proposed architecture was indeed capable of producing representative large space structures with autonomous robots. This paper will explore the construction simulations in order to illustrate the multi-robot control architecture.

  20. Cooperative control of multi-agent systems optimal and adaptive design approaches

    CERN Document Server

    Lewis, Frank L; Hengster-Movric, Kristian; Das, Abhijit

    2014-01-01

    Task complexity, communication constraints, flexibility and energy-saving concerns are all factors that may require a group of autonomous agents to work together in a cooperative manner. Applications involving such complications include mobile robots, wireless sensor networks, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), spacecraft, and so on. In such networked multi-agent scenarios, the restrictions imposed by the communication graph topology can pose severe problems in the design of cooperative feedback control systems.  Cooperative control of multi-agent systems is a challenging topic for both control theorists and practitioners and has been the subject of significant recent research. Cooperative Control of Multi-Agent Systems extends optimal control and adaptive control design methods to multi-agent systems on communication graphs.  It develops Riccati design techniques for general linear dynamics for cooperative state feedback design, cooperative observer design, and cooperative dynamic output feedback design.  B...

  1. Distributed cooperative synchronization strategy for multi-bus microgrids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sun, Yao; Zhong, Chaolu; Hou, Xiaochao

    2017-01-01

    Microgrids can operate in both grid-connected mode and islanded mode. In order to smooth transfer from islanded mode to grid-connected mode, it is necessary to synchronize the point of common coupling (PCC) with main utility grid (UG) in voltage frequency, phase and amplitude. Conventional...... synchronization methods based on centralized communication are very costly and not suitable for multi-bus microgrids that have a large number of distributed generators (DGs). To address this concern, this study presents an active synchronization control strategy based on distributed cooperation technology...... communication breaks down, the primary droop control can still operate robustly. Small signal model of entire system is developed to adjust the parameters of distributed active synchronization controller. Simulation results are presented to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method....

  2. Multi-agent cooperative intrusion response in mobile adhoc networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi Ping; Zou Futai; Jiang Xinghao; Li Jianhua

    2007-01-01

    The nature of adhoc networks makes them vulnerable to security attacks. Many security technologies such as intrusion prevention and intrusion detection are passive in response to intrusions in that their countermeasures are only to protect the networks, and there is no automated network-wide counteraction against detected intrusions. the architecture of cooperation intrusion response based multi-agent is propose. The architecture is composed of mobile agents. Monitor agent resides on every node and monitors its neighbor nodes. Decision agent collects information from monitor nodes and detects an intrusion by security policies. When an intruder is found in the architecture, the block agents will get to the neighbor nodes of the intruder and form the mobile firewall to isolate the intruder. In the end, we evaluate it by simulation.

  3. A Novel Multi-x Cooperative Decision-making Mechanism for Cognitive Internet of Things

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mingchuan Zhang

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Cognitive Internet of Things (CIoT mainly consists of a group of autonomous nodes (ANs which are commonly combined into domains and should have the intelligence to perceive, analyze, decide and act. Cooperation has shown to be a good technique for collective behavior of ANs that locally interact with each other in distributed environments. In this paper, we study the cooperative decision-making mechanism of multi-ANs and multi-domains and present the corresponding cooperative decision-making process in CIoT. Multi-ANs cooperation deals with the cases that one AN cannot meet the QoS and network performance object (NPO and multi-domains cooperation addresses the cases that the ANs of only one domain cannot meet the QoS and NPO. Based on the cooperative decision-making mechanism, the simulative experiments are done and show that the NPO can be satisfied perfectly.

  4. Synchronized Task Decomposition for Cooperative Multi-agent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Karimadini, M

    2009-01-01

    The key challenge in cooperative control for multi-agent systems could be how to design the local interaction rules and coordination principles among agents so as to achieve certain desired global behaviors. In this paper, we try to tackle this challenge from the angle of hierarchical control, and propose a divide-and-conquer approach. The basic idea is to decompose the requested global specification into subtasks for individual agents or small clusters of agents. It should be noted that the decomposition is not arbitrary. The global specification should be decomposed in such a way that the fulfilment of these subtasks by each individual agent will imply the satisfaction of the global specification as a team. Formally, a given global specification can be represented as an automaton A, while a multi-agent system can be captured as a set of parallel distributed systems. The first question needs to be answered is whether it is always possible to decompose a given task automaton A into a finite number of sub-auto...

  5. Function analysis of nuclear power plants for developing of man-machine interface system for Korean next generation reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goo, In Soo; Kim, Jang Yyul; Kim, Jung Soo; Kim, Chang Hoi; Na, Nan Joo; Park, Keun Ok; Park, Won Man; Park, Jae Chang; Suh, Sang Moon; Oh, In Suk; Lee, Dong Young; Lee, Yong Hee; Cha, Kyung Ho; Chun, Se Woo; Hur, Sup [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea, Republic of); Jung, Kyung Hoon [Korea Electric Power Co., Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, Yeon Sik; Lee, Bum Joo [Korea Power Engineering Company, Inc., Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-02-01

    In this study, we developed the methodology and implementation plant of function analysis and performed function analysis, which is one of the major activities for the development of Man-Machine Interface System of the KNGR. Identifying the functions of existing plants followed by structuring the functions, we established functions structured at the conceptual and middle levels. This structure was further checked if it would satisfy regulatory requirements and developed to include the aspects of plant performance and other plant features to emphasize its practicality for the application to the design. (Author) 13 refs., 8 figs., 4 tabs.

  6. Leadership, communication and decision making in man-machine systems; Fuehrung, Kommunikation und Entscheidungsfindung in Mensch-Maschine-Systemen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bluhm, Thomas

    2008-07-01

    The contribution under consideration spans a wide curve from the first deadly accident of motorized aviation in the year 1908 up to newer tendencies of the so-called team resources management on observation points and control stations in order to pursue fundamental questions in man-machine systems. A continuous differentiation in the consideration of the factor human beings in complex technical systems is described. This is illustrated by the example of concepts for leadership, communication and decision making on observation points and control stations.

  7. An information theory based approach for quantitative evaluation of man-machine interface complexity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Hyun Gook

    1999-02-15

    In complex and high-risk work conditions, especially such as in nuclear power plants, human understanding of the plant is highly cognitive and thus largely dependent on the effectiveness of the man-machine interface system. In order to provide more effective and reliable operating conditions for future nuclear power plants, developing more credible and easy to use evaluation methods will afford great help in designing interface systems in a more efficient manner. In this study, in order to analyze the human-machine interactions, I propose the Human-processor Communication(HPC) model which is based on the information flow concept. It identifies the information flow around a human-processor. Information flow has two aspects: appearance and content. Based on the HPC model, I propose two kinds of measures for evaluating a user interface from the viewpoint of these two aspects of information flow. They measure the communicative complexity of each aspect. In this study, for the evaluation of the aspect of appearance, I propose three complexity measures: Operation Complexity, Transition Complexity, and Screen Complexity. Each one of these measures has its own physical meaning. Two experiments carried out in this work support the utility of these measures. The result of the quiz game experiment shows that as the complexity of task context increases, the usage of the interface system becomes more complex. The experimental results of the three example systems(digital view, LDP style view and hierarchy view) show the utility of the proposed complexity measures. In this study, for the evaluation of the aspect of content, I propose the degree of informational coincidence, R (K, P) as a measure for the usefulness of an alarm-processing system. It is designed to perform user-oriented evaluation based on the informational entropy concept. It will be especially useful inearly design phase because designers can estimate the usefulness of an alarm system by short calculations instead

  8. Man-Machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) v5: Augmentations, Motivations, and Directions for Aeronautics Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gore, Brian F.

    2011-01-01

    As automation and advanced technologies are introduced into transport systems ranging from the Next Generation Air Transportation System termed NextGen, to the advanced surface transportation systems as exemplified by the Intelligent Transportations Systems, to future systems designed for space exploration, there is an increased need to validly predict how the future systems will be vulnerable to error given the demands imposed by the assistive technologies. One formalized approach to study the impact of assistive technologies on the human operator in a safe and non-obtrusive manner is through the use of human performance models (HPMs). HPMs play an integral role when complex human-system designs are proposed, developed, and tested. One HPM tool termed the Man-machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) is a NASA Ames Research Center HPM software tool that has been applied to predict human-system performance in various domains since 1986. MIDAS is a dynamic, integrated HPM and simulation environment that facilitates the design, visualization, and computational evaluation of complex man-machine system concepts in simulated operational environments. The paper will discuss a range of aviation specific applications including an approach used to model human error for NASA s Aviation Safety Program, and what-if analyses to evaluate flight deck technologies for NextGen operations. This chapter will culminate by raising two challenges for the field of predictive HPMs for complex human-system designs that evaluate assistive technologies: that of (1) model transparency and (2) model validation.

  9. An Orthogonal Multi-Swarm Cooperative PSO Algorithm with a Particle Trajectory Knowledge Base

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Yang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A novel orthogonal multi-swarm cooperative particle swarm optimization (PSO algorithm with a particle trajectory knowledge base is presented in this paper. Different from the traditional PSO algorithms and other variants of PSO, the proposed orthogonal multi-swarm cooperative PSO algorithm not only introduces an orthogonal initialization mechanism and a particle trajectory knowledge base for multi-dimensional optimization problems, but also conceives a new adaptive cooperation mechanism to accomplish the information interaction among swarms and particles. Experiments are conducted on a set of benchmark functions, and the results show its better performance compared with traditional PSO algorithm in aspects of convergence, computational efficiency and avoiding premature convergence.

  10. Cooperative control of multi-agent systems a consensus region approach

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Zhongkui

    2014-01-01

    Distributed controller design is generally a challenging task, especially for multi-agent systems with complex dynamics, due to the interconnected effect of the agent dynamics, the interaction graph among agents, and the cooperative control laws. Cooperative Control of Multi-Agent Systems: A Consensus Region Approach offers a systematic framework for designing distributed controllers for multi-agent systems with general linear agent dynamics, linear agent dynamics with uncertainties, and Lipschitz nonlinear agent dynamics.Beginning with an introduction to cooperative control and graph theory,

  11. Models in cooperative game theory crisp, fuzzy, and multi-choice games

    CERN Document Server

    Branzei, Rodica; Tijs, Stef

    2005-01-01

    This book investigates models in cooperative game theory in which the players have the possibility to cooperate partially. In a crisp game the agents are either fully involved or not involved at all in coperation with some other agents, while in a fuzzy game players are allowed to cooperate with infinite many different participation levels, varying from non-cooperation to full cooperation. A multi-choice game describes the intermediate case in which each player may have a fixed number of activity levels. Different set and one-point solution concepts for these games are presented. The propertie

  12. Research on Multi-Dimension Cooperative Game of Enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu Cheng

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Because of enterprise’s own resources can not meet the needs of the innovative activities, more and more enterprises looking forward to cooperative innovation with others. In the cooperation process, for multidimensional, there is a game behavior. Due to the fact that incomplete information exists in the process of cooperation, most multidimensional game belongs to incomplete information game. According to the definition of fuzzy stable set and solution, in this study, the fuzzy mathematics is used in multidimensional game and provides league members with incomplete information state problem decision support. At the same time, provides new ideas to the analysis of dynamic gains among cooperation process.

  13. An Intelligent Control System Based on Non-Invasive Man Machine Interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drungilas, Darius; Bielskis, Antanas Andrius; Denisov, Vitalij

    This paper presents further development of intelligent multi-agent based e-health care system for people with movement disabilities. The research results present further development of multi-layered model of this system with integration of fuzzy neural control of speed of two wheelchair type robots working in real time by providing movement support for disabled individuals. An approach of filtering of skin conductance (SC) signals using Nadaraya-Watson kernel regression smoothing for emotion recognition of disabled individuals is described and implemented in the system by R software tool. The unsupervised clustering by self organizing maps (SOM) of data sample of physiological parameters extracted from SC signals was proposed in order to reduce teacher noise as well as to increase of speed and accuracy of learning process of multi-layer perceptron (MLP) training.

  14. Multi-Vehicle Cooperative Control Research at the NASA Armstrong Flight Research Center, 2000-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Curt

    2014-01-01

    A brief introductory overview of multi-vehicle cooperative control research conducted at the NASA Armstrong Flight Research Center from 2000 - 2014. Both flight research projects and paper studies are included. Since 2000, AFRC has been almost continuously pursuing research in the areas of formation flight for drag reduction and automated cooperative trajectories. An overview of results is given, including flight experiments done on the FA-18 and with the C-17. Other multi-vehicle cooperative research is discussed, including small UAV swarming projects and automated aerial refueling.

  15. Cooperative Spatial Reuse with Transmit Beamforming in Multi-rate Wireless Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lu, Chenguang; Fitzek, Frank; Eggers, Patrick Claus F.

    2009-01-01

    operation modes. One is TDMA mode while the other is spatial reuse mode in which links transmit simultaneously. Links contribute their own time slots to form a cooperative group to do spatial reuse. Each link joins the group only if it can benefit in capacity or energy efficiency. Otherwise, the link......We present a cooperative spatial reuse (CSR) scheme as a cooperative extension of the current TDMA-based MAC to enable spatial reuse in multi-rate wireless networks. We model spatial reuse as a cooperation problem on utilizing the time slots obtained from the TDMA-based MAC. In CSR, there are two...

  16. Multi-agent cooperation for particle accelerator control

    CERN Document Server

    Skarek, Paul

    1996-01-01

    We present practical investigations in a real industrial controls environment for justifying theoretical DAI (Distributed Artificial Intelligence) results, and we discuss theoretical aspects of practical investigations for accelerator control and operation. A generalized hypothesis is introduced based on a unified view of control, monitoring, diagnosis, maintenance and repair tasks leading to a general method of cooperation for expert systems by exchanging hypotheses. This has been tested for task and result sharing cooperation scenarios. Generalized hypotheses also allow us to treat the repetitive diagnosis-recovery cycle as task sharing cooperation. Problems with such a loop or even recursive calls between the different agents are discussed.

  17. EU directives and multi-level governance - can lessons be drawn from cooperative federalism?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vandamme, T.

    2014-01-01

    In this contribution, an attempt will be made to draw lines between the concepts of (cooperative) federalism, multi-level governance (MLG) and the European directive as a multi-tiered instrument. Can directives be regarded as federal by nature? And if so, what normative conclusions might one draw th

  18. The Application of Man-Machine System Theory in Information System%人机系统理论在情报系统中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王以群; 张力; 张中会

    2000-01-01

    In the light of cognitive science and man-machine system theory, users' information cognitive behavior models are studied. Three experiments are carried out to study how machine factors influence the cognitive abilities of users. Finally, man and machine problems with information automation system management are discussed.

  19. Energy Efficiency of D2D Multi-User Cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zufan; Wang, Lu; Zhang, Jie

    2017-03-28

    The Device-to-Device (D2D) communication system is an important part of heterogeneous networks. It has great potential to improve spectrum efficiency, throughput and energy efficiency cooperation of multiple D2D users with the advantage of direct communication. When cooperating, D2D users expend extraordinary energy to relay data to other D2D users. Hence, the remaining energy of D2D users determines the life of the system. This paper proposes a cooperation scheme for multiple D2D users who reuse the orthogonal spectrum and are interested in the same data by aiming to solve the energy problem of D2D users. Considering both energy availability and the Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) of each D2D user, the Kuhn-Munkres algorithm is introduced in the cooperation scheme to solve relay selection problems. Thus, the cooperation issue is transformed into a maximum weighted matching (MWM) problem. In order to enhance energy efficiency without the deterioration of Quality of Service (QoS), the link outage probability is derived according to the Shannon Equation by considering the data rate and delay. The simulation studies the relationships among the number of cooperative users, the length of shared data, the number of data packets and energy efficiency.

  20. Batangas Heavy Fabrication Yard Multi-Purpose Cooperative: Basis for Business Operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JENNIFER D. MASICAT

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to determine the proposed business initiatives to enhance the operation of Batangas Heavy Fabrication Yard Multi-Purpose Cooperative for the long survival and growth. More specifically, it shall answer the following objectives to describe the profile of the respondents in terms of their age, gender, type of membership and shared capital; to assess the business operation of the cooperative in the aspects of its management, marketing, finances, facilities and technology and their delivery of services; to identify the problems encountered by the cooperative in its business operation; to determine the significant relationship between the profile of the respondents and their assessment to its business operation; and to propose an action plan and to assess the business operation of BHFY Multi-Purpose Cooperative. The researcher used the descriptive correlation design in the study to obtain information concerning the current status of the BHFY-MPC cooperative; to describe what exists with respect to the variables or conditions in a situation. Based on the result, majority of the members are aged 51 to 55 years old, holding the regular type of membership and have a shared capital ranging from 51,001 to 100,000.The finding of the study states that the BHFY Multi-purpose cooperative performs well in terms of its management, marketing, finances, facilities and technology and delivery of services. Also, there are problems seldom encountered in the operation of the cooperative but the cooperative never encountered problems like overinvestment, ineffective leadership of management team and board of directors, inadequate source of fund, income of cooperative affected by negative issues and mismanagement of funds by the officers. Also, the type of membership influences the members’ assessment on the type of delivery of services; moreover, age contributes to the assessment of the business operation in terms of management and delivery of

  1. The Cooperative Multi-agent Learning with Random Reward Values

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Hua-xiang; HUANG Shang-teng

    2005-01-01

    This paper investigated how to learn the optimal action policies in cooperative multiagent systems if the agents' rewards are random variables, and proposed a general two-stage learning algorithm for cooperative multiagent decision processes. The algorithm first calculates the averaged immediate rewards, and considers these learned rewards as the agents' immediate action rewards to learn the optimal action policies. It is proved that the learning algorithm can find the optimal policies in stochastic environment. Extending the algorithm to stochastic Markov decision processes was also discussed.

  2. Cognitive Coordination for Cooperative Multi-Robot Teamwork

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wei, C.

    2015-01-01

    Multi-robot teams have potential advantages over a single robot. Robots in a team can serve different functionalities, so a team of robots can be more efficient, robust and reliable than a single robot. In this dissertation, we are in particular interested in human level intelligent multi-robot

  3. Cognitive Coordination for Cooperative Multi-Robot Teamwork

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wei, C.

    2015-01-01

    Multi-robot teams have potential advantages over a single robot. Robots in a team can serve different functionalities, so a team of robots can be more efficient, robust and reliable than a single robot. In this dissertation, we are in particular interested in human level intelligent multi-robot team

  4. Multi-Objective Clustering Optimization for Multi-Channel Cooperative Spectrum Sensing in Heterogeneous Green CRNs

    KAUST Repository

    Celik, Abdulkadir

    2016-06-27

    In this paper, we address energy efficient (EE) cooperative spectrum sensing policies for large scale heterogeneous cognitive radio networks (CRNs) which consist of multiple primary channels and large number of secondary users (SUs) with heterogeneous sensing and reporting channel qualities. We approach this issue from macro and micro perspectives. Macro perspective groups SUs into clusters with the objectives: 1) total energy consumption minimization; 2) total throughput maximization; and 3) inter-cluster energy and throughput fairness. We adopt and demonstrate how to solve these using the nondominated sorting genetic algorithm-II. The micro perspective, on the other hand, operates as a sub-procedure on cluster formations decided by the macro perspective. For the micro perspectives, we first propose a procedure to select the cluster head (CH) which yields: 1) the best CH which gives the minimum total multi-hop error rate and 2) the optimal routing paths from SUs to the CH. Exploiting Poisson-Binomial distribution, a novel and generalized K-out-of-N voting rule is developed for heterogeneous CRNs to allow SUs to have different local detection performances. Then, a convex optimization framework is established to minimize the intra-cluster energy cost by jointly obtaining the optimal sensing durations and thresholds of feature detectors for the proposed voting rule. Likewise, instead of a common fixed sample size test, we developed a weighted sample size test for quantized soft decision fusion to obtain a more EE regime under heterogeneity. We have shown that the combination of proposed CH selection and cooperation schemes gives a superior performance in terms of energy efficiency and robustness against reporting error wall.

  5. Team Cooperation in a Network of Multi-Vehicle Unmanned Systems Synthesis of Consensus Algorithms

    CERN Document Server

    Semsar-Kazerooni, Elham

    2013-01-01

    Team Cooperation in a Network of Multi-Vehicle Unmanned Systems develops a framework for modeling and control of a network of multi-agent unmanned systems in a cooperative manner and with consideration of non-ideal and practical considerations. The main focus of this book is the development of “synthesis-based” algorithms rather than on conventional “analysis-based” approaches to the team cooperation, specifically the team consensus problems. The authors provide a set of modified “design-based” consensus algorithms whose optimality is verified through introduction of performance indices. This book also: Provides synthesis-based methodology for team cooperation Introduces a consensus-protocol optimized performance index  Offers comparisons for use of proper indices in measuring team performance Analyzes and predicts  performance of  previously designed consensus algorithms Analyses and predicts team behavior in the presence of non-ideal considerations such as actuator anomalies and faults as wel...

  6. Cognitive Coordination for Cooperative Multi-Robot Teamwork

    OpenAIRE

    C. Wei

    2015-01-01

    Multi-robot teams have potential advantages over a single robot. Robots in a team can serve different functionalities, so a team of robots can be more efficient, robust and reliable than a single robot. In this dissertation, we are in particular interested in human level intelligent multi-robot teams. Social deliberation should be taken into consideration in such a multi-robot system, which requires that the robots are capable of generating long term plans to achieve a global or team goal, ra...

  7. Human Factors Evaluation of Man-Machine Interface for Periodic Safety Review of Yonggwang Unit no. 1, 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Yong Hee; Lee, Jung Woon; Park, Jae Chang (and others)

    2006-01-15

    This report describes the research results of human factors assessment on the MMI(Man Machine Interface) equipment as part of Periodic Safety Review(PSR) of Yonggwang Unit no. 1, 2. As MMI is a key factor among human factors to be reviewed in PSR, we reviewed the MMI components of nuclear power plants in aspect of human factors engineering. The availability, suitability, and effectiveness of the MMI devices were chosen to be reviewed. The MMI devices were investigated through the review of design documents related to the MMI, survey of control panels, evaluation of experts, and experimental assessment. Checklists were used to perform this assessment and record the review results. The items mentioned by the expert comments to review in detail in relation with task procedures were tested by experiments with operators' participation. For some questionable issues arisen during this MMI review, operator workload and possibility of errors in operator actions were analysed. The reviewed MMI devices contain MCR(Main Control Room), SPDS(Safety Parameter Display System), RSP(Remote Shutdown Panel), and the selected LCBs(Local Control Boards) importantly related to safety. As results of the assessments, any significant problem challenging the safety was not found on human factors in the MMI devices. However, several small items to be changed and improved in suitability of MMI devices were discovered. An action plan is recommended to accommodate the suggestions and review comments. It will enhance the plant safety on MMI area.

  8. Man-machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) Task Loading Model (TLM) experimental and software detailed design report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staveland, Lowell

    1994-01-01

    This is the experimental and software detailed design report for the prototype task loading model (TLM) developed as part of the man-machine integration design and analysis system (MIDAS), as implemented and tested in phase 6 of the Army-NASA Aircrew/Aircraft Integration (A3I) Program. The A3I program is an exploratory development effort to advance the capabilities and use of computational representations of human performance and behavior in the design, synthesis, and analysis of manned systems. The MIDAS TLM computationally models the demands designs impose on operators to aide engineers in the conceptual design of aircraft crewstations. This report describes TLM and the results of a series of experiments which were run this phase to test its capabilities as a predictive task demand modeling tool. Specifically, it includes discussions of: the inputs and outputs of TLM, the theories underlying it, the results of the test experiments, the use of the TLM as both stand alone tool and part of a complete human operator simulation, and a brief introduction to the TLM software design.

  9. Re-Design and Beat Testing of the Man-Machine Integration Design and Analysis System: MIDAS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shively, R. Jay; Rutkowski, Michael (Technical Monitor)

    1999-01-01

    The Man-machine Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) is a human factors design and analysis system that combines human cognitive models with 3D CAD models and rapid prototyping and simulation techniques. MIDAS allows designers to ask 'what if' types of questions early in concept exploration and development prior to actual hardware development. The system outputs predictions of operator workload, situational awareness and system performance as well as graphical visualization of the cockpit designs interacting with models of the human in a mission scenario. Recently, MIDAS was re-designed to enhance functionality and usability. The goals driving the redesign include more efficient processing, GUI interface, advances in the memory structures, implementation of external vision models and audition. These changes were detailed in an earlier paper. Two Beta test sites with diverse applications have been chosen. One Beta test site is investigating the development of a new airframe and its interaction with the air traffic management system. The second Beta test effort will investigate 3D auditory cueing in conjunction with traditional visual cueing strategies including panel-mounted and heads-up displays. The progress and lessons learned on each of these projects will be discussed.

  10. Efficient Cooperative Relaying in Wireless Multi-Hop Networks with Commodity WiFi Hardware

    OpenAIRE

    Volkhausen, Tobias; Dridger, Kornelius; Lichte, Hermann; Karl, Holger

    2012-01-01

    International audience; In wireless multi-hop networks, cooperative relaying exploits temporal and spatial diversity by additionally transmitting via a relay node and then combining direct and relay transmissions at the receiver. While such relaying improves packet error rates, it also costs an extra transmission. Along multi-hop paths, there often are nodes that can be a relay for multiple consecutive transmissions. This allows such a relay to transmit only once rather than on each individua...

  11. Data management and communication networks for man-machine interface system in Korea Advanced LIquid MEtal Reactor : Its functionality and design requirements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cha, Kyung Ho; Park, Gun Ok; Suh, Sang Moon; Kim, Jang Yeol; Kwon, Kee Choon [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-12-31

    The DAta management and COmmunication NETworks(DACONET), which it is designed as a subsystem for Man-Machine Interface System of Korea Advanced LIquid MEtal Reactor (KALIMER MMIS) and advanced design concept is approached, is described. The DACONET has its roles of providing the real-time data transmission and communication paths between MMIS systems, providing the quality data for protection, monitoring and control of KALIMER and logging the static and dynamic behavioral data during KALIMER operation. The DACONET is characterized as the distributed real-time system architecture with high performance. Future direction, in which advanced technology is being continually applied to Man-Machine Interface System development of Nuclear Power Plants, will be considered for designing data management and communication networks of KALIMER MMIS. 9 refs., 1 fig. (Author)

  12. ALLIANCE: An architecture for fault tolerant multi-robot cooperation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, L.E.

    1995-02-01

    ALLIANCE is a software architecture that facilitates the fault tolerant cooperative control of teams of heterogeneous mobile robots performing missions composed of loosely coupled, largely independent subtasks. ALLIANCE allows teams of robots, each of which possesses a variety of high-level functions that it can perform during a mission, to individually select appropriate actions throughout the mission based on the requirements of the mission, the activities of other robots, the current environmental conditions, and the robot`s own internal states. ALLIANCE is a fully distributed, behavior-based architecture that incorporates the use of mathematically modeled motivations (such as impatience and acquiescence) within each robot to achieve adaptive action selection. Since cooperative robotic teams usually work in dynamic and unpredictable environments, this software architecture allows the robot team members to respond robustly, reliably, flexibly, and coherently to unexpected environmental changes and modifications in the robot team that may occur due to mechanical failure, the learning of new skills, or the addition or removal of robots from the team by human intervention. The feasibility of this architecture is demonstrated in an implementation on a team of mobile robots performing a laboratory version of hazardous waste cleanup.

  13. Cooperative epistemic multi-agent planning for implicit coordination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engesser, Thorsten; Bolander, Thomas; Mattmüller, Robert

    2017-01-01

    Epistemic planning can be used for decision making in multi-agent situations with distributed knowledge and capabilities. Recently, Dynamic Epistemic Logic (DEL) has been shown to provide a very natural and expressive framework for epistemic planning. We extend the DEL-based epistemic planning...... framework to include perspective shifts, allowing us to define new notions of sequential and conditional planning with implicit coordination. With these, it is possible to solve planning tasks with joint goals in a decentralized manner without the agents having to negotiate about and commit to a joint...... policy at plan time. First we define the central planning notions and sketch the implementation of a planning system built on those notions. Afterwards we provide some case studies in order to evaluate the planner empirically and to show that the concept is useful for multi-agent systems in practice....

  14. Distributed Cooperative Control of Nonlinear and Non-identical Multi-agent Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bidram, Ali; Lewis, Frank; Davoudi, Ali

    2013-01-01

    to the synchronization problem for an identical linear multi-agent system. The controller for each agent is designed to be fully distributed, such that each agent only requires its own information and the information of its neighbors. The proposed control method is exploited to implement the secondary voltage control......This paper exploits input-output feedback linearization technique to implement distributed cooperative control of multi-agent systems with nonlinear and non-identical dynamics. Feedback linearization transforms the synchronization problem for a nonlinear and heterogeneous multi-agent system...... for electric power microgrids. The effectiveness of the proposed control is verified by simulating a microgrid test system....

  15. A Power Allocation Algorithm Based on Cooperative Game Theory in Multi-cell OFDM Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Wang

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available A centralized resource allocation algorithm in multi-cell OFDM systems is studied, which aims at improving the performance of wireless communication systems and enhancing user’s spectral efficiency on the edge of the cell. The proposed resource allocation algorithm can be divided into two steps. The first step is sub-carrier allocation based on matrix searching in single cell and the second one is joint power allocation based on cooperative game theory in multi-cell. By comparing with traditional resource allocation algorithms in multi-cell scenario, we find that the proposed algorithm has lower computational complexity and good fairness performance.

  16. Multi-agent reinforcement learning with cooperation based on eligibility traces

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨玉君; 程君实; 陈佳品

    2004-01-01

    The application of reinforcement learning is widely used by multi-agent systems in recent years. An agent uses a multi-agent system to cooperate with other agents to accomplish the given task, and one agent's be-havior usually affects the others' behaviors. In traditional reinforcement learning, one agent takes the others lo-cation, so it is difficult to consider the others' behavior, which decreases the learning efficiency. This paper proposes multi-agent reinforcement learning with cooperation based on eligibility traces, i.e. one agent esti-mates the other agent's behavior with the other agent's eligibility traces. The results of this simulation prove the validity of the proposed learning method.

  17. Autonomous and cooperative multi-UAV guidance in adversarial environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zengin, Ugur

    The research presented in this dissertation is aimed at developing rule-based autonomous and cooperative guidance strategies for UAVs to perform missions such as path planning, target tracking and rendezvous while reducing their risk/threat exposure level, and avoiding threats and/or obstacles by utilizing measurement information provided by sensors. First, a mathematical formulation is developed to represent the area of operation that contains various types of threats, obstacles, and restricted areas, in a single framework. Once constructed, there will be no need to distinguish between threats, obstacles and restricted areas as the framework already contains the information on what needs to be avoided and the level of penalty for a given position in the area. This framework provides the mathematical foundation for the guidance strategies to make intelligent decisions during the execution of the mission and also provides scalar metrics to assess the performance of a guidance strategy in a given mission. The autonomous guidance strategies are developed by using a rule-based expert system approach with the requirements of completing assigned mission or task, avoiding obstacle/restricted-areas, minimizing threat exposure level, considering the dynamic and communication constraints of the UAVs and avoiding collision. All these requirements and objectives are quantified and prioritized to facilitate the development of guidance algorithms that can be executed in real-time. The strategies consist of a set of "decision states", which contain rules to determine how the host UAV should move by generating heading and speed signals. Cooperation of multiple UAVs is modeled by minimizing a cost function, which is constructed based on the level of threat exposure for each UAV and distance of each UAV relative to the target. This improves the performance of the system in the terms of increasing the total area of coverage of the sensors onboard the UAVs, increasing the flexibility

  18. Promotion of cooperation induced by discriminators in the spatial multi-player donor-recipient game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Guang-Hai; Wang, Zhen; Ren, Jian-Kang; Lu, Kun; Li, Ming-Chu

    2016-11-01

    Although the two-player donor-recipient game has been used extensively in studying cooperation in social dilemmas, the scenario in which a donor can simultaneously donate resources to multiple recipients is also common in human societies, economic systems, and social networks. This paper formulates a model of the multi-player donor-recipient game considering a multi-recipient scenario. The promotion of cooperation is also studied by introducing a discriminative cooperation strategy into the game, which donates resources to recipients in proportion to their previous donations with a cost for the collection of information. The evolutionary dynamics of individual strategies are explored in homogeneous and heterogeneous scenarios by leveraging spatial evolutionary game theory. The results show that in a homogeneous scenario, defectors can dominate the network at the equilibrium state only when the cost-to-benefit ratio (R) of donated resources is large. In a heterogeneous scenario, three strategies can coexist all the time within the range of R that was studied, and the promotion of cooperation is more effective when the values of R are smaller. Results from a single node evolution and the formation of local patterns of interaction are provided, and it is analytically shown that discriminators can maintain fairness in resource donation and guarantee long-term cooperation when R is not too large.

  19. A Stochastic-Geometry Approach to Coverage in Cellular Networks with Multi-Cell Cooperation

    CERN Document Server

    Huang, Kaibin

    2011-01-01

    Multi-cell cooperation is a promising approach for mitigating inter-cell interference in dense cellular networks. Quantifying the performance of multi-cell cooperation is challenging as it integrates physical-layer techniques and network topologies. For tractability, existing work typically relies on the over-simplified Wyner-type models. In this paper, we propose a new stochastic-geometry model for a cellular network with multi-cell cooperation, which accounts for practical factors including the irregular locations of base stations (BSs) and the resultant path-losses. In particular, the proposed network-topology model has three key features: i) the cells are modeled using a Poisson random tessellation generated by Poisson distributed BSs, ii) multi-antenna BSs are clustered using a hexagonal lattice and BSs in the same cluster mitigate mutual interference by spatial interference avoidance, iii) BSs near cluster edges access a different sub-channel from that by other BSs, shielding cluster-edge mobiles from s...

  20. Man-machine interaction in the 21st century--new paradigms through dynamic scene analysis and synthesis (Keynote Speech)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Thomas S.; Orchard, Michael T.

    1992-11-01

    The past twenty years have witnessed a revolution in the use of computers in virtually every facet of society. While this revolution has been largely fueled by dramatic technological advances, the efficient application of this technology has been made possible through advances in the paradigms defining the way users interact with computers. Today's massive computational power would probably have limited sociological impact is users still communicated with computers via the binary machine language codes used in the 1950's. Instead, this primitive paradigm was replaced by keyboards and ASCII character displays in the 1970's, and the 'mouse' and multiple-window bit-mapped displays in the 1980's. As continuing technological advances make even larger computational power available in the future, advanced paradigms for man-machine interaction will be required to allow this power to be used efficiently in a wide range of applications. Looking ahead into the 21st century, we see paradigms supporting radically new ways of interacting with computers. Ideally, we would like these interactions to mimic the ways we interact with objects and people in the physical world, and, to achieve this goal, we believe that it is essential to consider the exchange of video data into and out of the computer. Paradigms based on visual interactions represent a radical departure from existing paradigms, because they allow the computer to actively seek out information from the user via dynamic scene analysis. For example, the computer might enlarge the display when it detects that the user if squinting, or it might reorient a three- dimensional object on the screen in response to detected hand motions. This contrasts with current paradigms in which the computer relies on passive switching devices (keyboard, mouse, buttons, etc.) to receive information. Feedback will be provided to the user via dynamic scene synthesis, employing stereoscopic three-dimensional display systems. To exploit the

  1. COOPERATIVE MODEL FOR OPTIMIZATION OF EXECUTION OF THREADS ON MULTI-CORE SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Prihozhy

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem of the increase of efficiency of multi-thread applications on multi-core systems is investigated. The optimization cooperative model of threads execution has been proposed. It optimizes the execution order of the  computational operations and the operations of data exchange, decreases the overall time of the multithread application  execution by means of the reduction of the critical path in the concurrent algorithm graph, increases the application throughput at the growth of the number of threads, and excludes the competition among threads that is specific for preemptive multitasking...............................

  2. Comments on "Consensus and Cooperation in Networked Multi-Agent Systems"

    CERN Document Server

    Chebotarev, Pavel

    2010-01-01

    This note corrects a pretty serious mistake and some inaccuracies in "Consensus and cooperation in networked multi-agent systems" by R. Olfati-Saber, J.A. Fax, and R.M. Murray, published in Vol. 95 of the Proceedings of the IEEE (2007, No. 1, P. 215-233). It also mentions several stronger results applicable to the class of problems under consideration and addresses the issue of priority whose interpretation in the above-mentioned paper is not exact.

  3. Prospecting for lunar ice using a multi-rover cooperative team

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    KLARER,PAUL R.; FEDDEMA,JOHN T.; LEWIS,CHRISTOPHER L.

    2000-02-11

    A multi-rover cooperative team or swarm developed by Sandia National Laboratories is described, including various control methodologies that have been implemented to date. How the swarm's capabilities could be applied to a lunar ice prospecting mission is briefly explored. Some of the specific major engineering issues that must be addressed to successfully implement the swarm approach to a lunar surface mission are outlined, and potential solutions are proposed.

  4. MoTiV. Subproject: Man-Machine-Interface (MMI). Final report; Mobilitaet und Transport im intermodalen Verkehr (MoTiV). Teilprojekt: Man-Machine-Interface (MMI) - Sicherheit im Strassenverkehr. Projektabschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruehl, H.W. [VDO Car Communication, Wetzlar (Germany)

    2000-09-01

    The program Motiv was initiated to solve or reduce the problems related to the continuously rising traffic density. The subproject Man-Machine-Interface (MMI) aimed at: - Common specification and collection of speech databases - development of robust methods to recognize speech in the automotive environment - adaptation of voice operated MMIs to the car environment - study of driver behaviour in traffic critical situations - study of driver acceptance and behaviour for new functions and services - development of objective methods to measure safety of use for automotive user interfaces - improvement of a method for objective visibility range estimation. Extensive studies were executed to validate distraction criteria for interaction with displays and control devices. Interaction concepts with improved traffic safety were designed and tested. New measuring technologies and tools were designed. In parallel, practical implementations of e.g. voice controlled MMIs were developed and tested in the field. The project met its goals. Two companies developed new automotive speech recognisers, two demonstrators for a voice controlled automotive MMI were developed. Five speech databases were collected and distributed within the consortium. For speech recognition API and estimation of visibility range, standards and standardisation proposals were achieved. Two tools with different scope to measure safety and ease of use for user interface designs were developed and iteratively improved. Studies on driver behaviour in critical situations will help to improve design guidelines for automotive user interfaces. (orig.) [German] Das MOTIV Programm wurde initiiert, um die Probleme, die das kontinuierlich ansteigende Verkehrsaufkommen auf Verkehrsfluss, Sicherheit und Umwelt hat, zu mindern oder zu loesen. Das vorliegende Teilprojekt Mensch-Maschine-Schnittstelle (MMI) hatte folgende Ziele: - Gemeinsame Spezifikation und Sammlung von Sprachdatenbasen - Entwicklung von robusten

  5. Cooperative Solution of Multi-UAV Rendezvous Problem with Network Restrictions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qingjie Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available By considering the complex networks, the cooperative game based optimal consensus (CGOC algorithm is proposed to solve the multi-UAV rendezvous problem in the mission area. Firstly, the mathematical description of the rendezvous problem is established, and the solving framework is provided based on the coordination variables and coordination function. It can decrease the transmission of the redundant information and reduce the influence of the limited network on the task. Secondly, the CGOC algorithm is presented for the UAVs in distributed cooperative manner, which can minimize the overall cost of the multi-UAV system. The CGOC control problem and the corresponding solving protocol are given by using the cooperative game theory and sensitivity parameter method. Then, the CGOC method of multi-UAV rendezvous problem is proposed, which focuses on the trajectory control of the platform rather than the path planning. Simulation results are given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed CGOC method under complex network conditions and the benefit on the overall optimality and dynamic response.

  6. Prospects of a mathematical theory of human behavior in complex man-machine systems tasks. [time sharing computer analogy of automobile driving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johannsen, G.; Rouse, W. B.

    1978-01-01

    A hierarchy of human activities is derived by analyzing automobile driving in general terms. A structural description leads to a block diagram and a time-sharing computer analogy. The range of applicability of existing mathematical models is considered with respect to the hierarchy of human activities in actual complex tasks. Other mathematical tools so far not often applied to man machine systems are also discussed. The mathematical descriptions at least briefly considered here include utility, estimation, control, queueing, and fuzzy set theory as well as artificial intelligence techniques. Some thoughts are given as to how these methods might be integrated and how further work might be pursued.

  7. Cooperative dry-electrode sensors for multi-lead biopotential and bioimpedance monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rapin, M; Proença, M; Braun, F; Meier, C; Solà, J; Ferrario, D; Grossenbacher, O; Porchet, J-A; Chételat, O

    2015-04-01

    Cooperative sensors is a novel measurement architecture that allows the acquiring of biopotential signals on patients in a comfortable and easy-to-integrate manner. The novel sensors are defined as cooperative in the sense that at least two of them work in concert to measure a target physiological signal, such as a multi-lead electrocardiogram or a thoracic bioimpedance.This paper starts by analysing the state-of-the-art methods to simultaneously measure biopotential and bioimpedance signals, and justifies why currently (1) passive electrodes require the use of shielded or double-shielded cables, and (2) active electrodes require the use of multi-wired cabled technologies, when aiming at high quality physiological measurements.In order to overcome the limitations of the state-of-the-art, a new method for biopotential and bioimpedance measurement using the cooperative sensor is then presented. The novel architecture allows the acquisition of the aforementioned biosignals without the need of shielded or multi-wire cables by splitting the electronics into separate electronic sensors comprising each of two electrodes, one for voltage measurement and one for current injection. The sensors are directly in contact with the skin and connected together by only one unshielded wire. This new configuration requires one power supply per sensor and all sensors need to be synchronized together to allow them to work in concert.After presenting the working principle of the cooperative sensor architecture, this paper reports first experimental results on the use of the technology when applied to measuring multi-lead ECG signals on patients. Measurements performed on a healthy patient demonstrate the feasibility of using this novel cooperative sensor architecture to measure biopotential signals and compliance with common mode rejection specification accordingly to international standard (IEC 60601-2-47) has also been assessed.By reducing the need of using complex wiring setups, and

  8. Multi-cooperation of Cultural Heritage Conservation: The Cangdong Project of Guangdong Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, J.

    2015-09-01

    In recent years, some workshops and research cases have arisen in China to seek for suitable ways for heritage conservation and development of historic villages. However, the issue of multi-cooperation has not been much mentioned in research works. The case of Cangdong Project in Guangdong Province is a social enterprise. It is a center focusing on heritage education. It organizes tailor-made workshops for interested people from all over China and Hong Kong, Macao and overseas, including university courses for credits, summer/winter camps for primary and middle school students, as well as common people who are interested in heritage conservation. The purpose of the education center is to enhance heritage/cultural interest of the younger generations and common people, and try to work with local villagers to build a wealthy community. Nowadays, more and more villagers moved out for work and the countryside population in China is decreasing, this project also aims to create work opportunities for villagers through heritage conservation projects, so that the villagers can be willing to stay. The project focuses more in a sustainable way for community development. It has been five years since the project was set up in Cangdong Village. The project team worked with villagers, city people, students, scholars, different levels of local governments, investors, Medias, charitable organizations, as well as the market of tourism. As such, a platform of multi-cooperation for the above parties has formed during the past five years. This paper takes the Project experience from 2010-2015 as the case to study multi-cooperation in the field of heritage conservation in China, as well as to discuss how to co-operate the subjective initiatives of different stokeholds.

  9. The reported incidence of man-machine interface issues in Army aviators using the Aviator's Night Vision System (ANVIS) in a combat theatre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiatt, Keith L.; Rash, Clarence E.

    2011-06-01

    Background: Army Aviators rely on the ANVIS for night operations. Human factors literature notes that the ANVIS man-machine interface results in reports of visual and spinal complaints. This is the first study that has looked at these issues in the much harsher combat environment. Last year, the authors reported on the statistically significant (p89,000 flight hours of which >22,000 were with ANVIS) participated. Analysis demonstrated high complaints of almost all levels of back and neck pain. Additionally, the use of body armor and other Aviation Life Support Equipment (ALSE) caused significant ergonomic complaints when used with ANVIS. Conclusions: ANVIS use in a combat environment resulted in higher and different types of reports of spinal symptoms and other man-machine interface issues over what was previously reported. Data from this study may be more operationally relevant than that of the peacetime literature as it is derived from actual combat and not from training flights, and it may have important implications about making combat predictions based on performance in training scenarios. Notably, Aircrew remarked that they could not execute the mission without ANVIS and ALSE and accepted the degraded ergonomic environment.

  10. A Consensus-Based Grouping Algorithm for Multi-agent Cooperative Task Allocation with Complex Requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunt, Simon; Meng, Qinggang; Hinde, Chris; Huang, Tingwen

    2014-01-01

    This paper looks at consensus algorithms for agent cooperation with unmanned aerial vehicles. The foundation is the consensus-based bundle algorithm, which is extended to allow multi-agent tasks requiring agents to cooperate in completing individual tasks. Inspiration is taken from the cognitive behaviours of eusocial animals for cooperation and improved assignments. Using the behaviours observed in bees and ants inspires decentralised algorithms for groups of agents to adapt to changing task demand. Further extensions are provided to improve task complexity handling by the agents with added equipment requirements and task dependencies. We address the problems of handling these challenges and improve the efficiency of the algorithm for these requirements, whilst decreasing the communication cost with a new data structure. The proposed algorithm converges to a conflict-free, feasible solution of which previous algorithms are unable to account for. Furthermore, the algorithm takes into account heterogeneous agents, deadlocking and a method to store assignments for a dynamical environment. Simulation results demonstrate reduced data usage and communication time to come to a consensus on multi-agent tasks.

  11. Design of Software of Command and Control System with Multitask and Man-machine Interaction Based on Tilcon%基于Tilcon的指控系统多任务人机交互软件设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱伟; 许春雷; 孔军

    2011-01-01

    Tilcon是军事特别是指挥控制领域广泛使用的人机交互界面开发工具.简单介绍了Tilcon的组成和人机交互处理流程,分析了应用Tilcon处理多任务人机交互事件的不足,设计了一个基于Tilcon的指控系统多任务人机交互软件架构,并给出了具体实现方法.工程应用表明,该人机交互软件体系结构清晰,具有较好的健壮性、开放性和兼容性,可显著提高指控系统人机交互处理的实时性.%Tilcon is the main development tool of man-machine interaction of command and control system. Tilcon's composition and method of Man-machine Interaction are simply introduced. After analyzing the shortage of handling multitask and man-machine interaction with Tilcon, a multitask man-machine interaction software architecture of command and control system and a realizing method based on Tilcon are lay out. According to practical application, the architecture is legible, with preferable robustness, open and compatibility. It can obviously improve real-time performance of command and control system's Man-machine Interaction.

  12. DMT of Multi-hop Cooperative Networks - Part I: Basic Results

    CERN Document Server

    Sreeram, K; Kumar, P Vijay

    2008-01-01

    In this two-part paper, the DMT of cooperative multi-hop networks is examined. The focus is on single-source single-sink (ss-ss) multi-hop relay networks having slow-fading links and relays that potentially possess multiple antennas. The present paper examines the two end-points of the DMT of full-duplex networks. In particular, the maximum achievable diversity of arbitrary multi-terminal wireless networks is shown to be equal to the min-cut. The maximum multiplexing gain of arbitrary full-duplex ss-ss networks is shown to be equal to the min-cut rank, using a new connection to a deterministic network. We also prove some basic results including a proof that the colored noise encountered in AF protocols for cooperative networks can be treated as white noise for DMT computations. The DMT of a parallel channel with independent MIMO links is also computed here. As an application of these basic results, we prove that a linear tradeoff between maximum diversity and maximum multiplexing gain is achievable for full-d...

  13. Cooperation can emerge in prisoner's dilemma from a multi-species predator prey replicator dynamic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paulson, Elisabeth; Griffin, Christopher

    2016-08-01

    In this paper we study a generalized variation of the replicator dynamic that involves several species and sub-species that may interact. We show how this dynamic comes about from a specific finite-population model, but also show that one must take into consideration the dynamic nature of the population sizes (and hence proportions) in order to make the model complete. We provide expressions for these population dynamics to produce a kind of multi-replicator dynamic. We then use this replicator dynamic to show that cooperation can emerge as a stable behavior when two species each play prisoner's dilemma as their intra-species game and a form of zero-sum predator prey game as their inter-species game. General necessary and sufficient conditions for cooperation to emerge as stable are provided for a number of game classes. We also showed an example using Hawk-Dove where both species can converge to stable (asymmetric) mixed strategies.

  14. A Closer Look at Multi-Cell Cooperation via Stochastic Geometry and Large Deviations

    CERN Document Server

    Huang, Kaibin

    2012-01-01

    Multi-cell cooperation (MCC) is an approach for mitigating inter-cell interference in dense cellular networks. Existing studies on MCC performance typically rely on either over-simplified Wyner-type models or complex system-level simulations. The promising theoretical results (typically using Wyner models) seem to not materialize in either complex simulations or particularly in practice. To more accurately investigate the theoretical performance of MCC, this paper models an entire plane of interfering cells as a Poisson random tessellation. The base stations (BSs) are then clustered using a regular lattice, whereby BSs in the same cluster mitigate mutual interference by beamforming with perfect channel state information. Techniques from stochastic geometry and large deviation theory are applied to analyze the outage probability as a function of the mobile locations, scattering environment, and the average number of cooperating BSs per cluster, L. For mobiles near the centers of BS clusters, it is shown that a...

  15. Exploiting Interference Alignment in Multi-Cell Cooperative OFDMA Resource Allocation

    CERN Document Server

    Da, Bin

    2011-01-01

    This paper studies interference alignment (IA) based multi-cell cooperative resource allocation for the downlink OFDMA with universal frequency reuse. Unlike the traditional scheme that treats subcarriers as separate dimensions for resource allocation, the IA technique is utilized to enable frequency-domain precoding over parallel subcarriers. In this paper, the joint optimization of frequency-domain precoding via IA, subcarrier user selection and power allocation is investigated for a cooperative three-cell OFDMA system to maximize the downlink throughput. Numerical results for a simplified symmetric channel setup reveal that the IA-based scheme achieves notable throughput gains over the traditional scheme only when the inter-cell interference link has a comparable strength as the direct link, and the receiver SNR is sufficiently large. Motivated by this observation, a practical hybrid scheme is proposed for cellular systems with heterogenous channel conditions, where the total spectrum is divided into two s...

  16. Semi-Distributed Relay Selection Algorithm for Multi-User Cooperative Wireless Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yafeng Wang

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a novel semi-distributed algorithm with low overhead and complexity for multi-user cooperative wireless networks with opportunistic relaying. The source is required to satisfy its minimum rate requirement with a feasible relay and help another source as a relay. The optimal solution can be obtained by exhaustive search with intractable computational complexity. Simulation results suggest that the proposed relay selection algorithm has the similar outage probability as the exhaustive search approach but with much less computational burden.

  17. Vehicle Routing Problem Solving Method for a Cooperative Logistics Network by Using Multi-Stage GA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onoyama, Takashi; Maekawa, Takuya; Kubota, Sen; Tsuruta, Setsuo; Komoda, Norihisa

    A GA applied VRP (Vehicle Routing Problem) solving-method which realizes optimization of a cooperative logistics network is proposed. For this optimization a VRP solving-method that can obtain human expert-level solution, which realizes steady logistics operation, in interactive response time is required. The multi-stage GA enables to obtain the accurate solution under both hard and weak time constraints in interactive response time. Moreover, to realize the stable logistics operation, the daily fluctuation of shipping volume is taken into the fitness value of each individual in GA. The experimental result reveals the proposed method obtains the accurate solution that realizes the stable operation in interactive response time.

  18. Design of man-machine interface for high power medium frequency inverting resistance welder%大功率中频逆变电阻焊机人机界面设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万超; 王剑; 田联房

    2012-01-01

    针对基于ARM、DSP和CPLD相结合控制的大功率中频逆变电阻焊机,选择PIC24FJ128GA010单片机、键盘输入和液晶显示,采用上、下位机的方式,设计了数字化人机界面系统.该系统能实现焊接参数、规范的读取和设置,具有通信失败原因显示、故障复位、报警复位等功能,有三种用户类型可供选择,具有不同的操作权限,采用RS232方式与下位机通信.下位机反应时间的协调是影响系统稳定可靠操作的关键.实验证明,该系统运行稳定,操作灵活,界面友好,抗干扰能力强.%Aiming at high power medium frequency inverting resistance welder based on ARM,DSP and CPLD.a digital man-machine interface which is consisted of PIC24FJ128GA010, keyboard entry,LCD display and employs upper-lower computer mode is designed.This system realizes reading and setting for welding parameters and norms, displaying cause of communication failure, fault reset,alarm reset etc.There are three types of users which have different operation authority and it communicates with lower computer by RS232.The cooperation of reaction time of lower computer is the key to influence the stability and reliability of operation.lt proves reliable,flexible,friendly and compatible.

  19. Joint Cooperation and Multi-Hopping Increase the Capacity of Wireless Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Vakil, Sam

    2008-01-01

    The problem of communication among nodes in an \\emph{extended network} is considered, where radio power decay and interference are limiting factors. It has been shown previously that, with simple multi-hopping, the achievable total communication rate in such a network is at most $\\Theta(\\sqrt{N})$. In this work, we study the benefit of node cooperation in conjunction with multi-hopping on the network capacity. We propose a multi-phase communication scheme, combining distributed MIMO transmission with multi-hop forwarding among clusters of nodes. We derive the network throughput of this communication scheme and determine the optimal cluster size. This provides a constructive lower bound on the network capacity. We first show that in \\textit{regular networks} a rate of $\\omega(N^{{2/3}})$ can be achieved with transmission power scaling of $\\Theta(N^{\\frac{\\alpha}{6}-{1/3}})$, where $\\alpha>2$ is the signal path-loss exponent. We further extend this result to \\textit{random networks}, where we show a rate of $\\o...

  20. Research on Marketing Cooperation System Based on Multi-Agent Services Aggregation Driven by Requirement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hong ZHOU

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available The web service has great significance and value since it represents a large industrial sector and huge trade interests, but the function of a single web service is too small to satisfy the need of service requestor, so it is necessary to combine a mount of simple services to satisfy the complex and dynamic requirement in practice, then the problem of web services composition is one of the research hotspot. This paper generalized the primary interaction processes between enterprise and customer in marketing, encapsulated the special function for marketing works as the agent, and considered the marketing as the cooperation process of agents focusing on requirements, and based on that a multi-agent based marketing cooperation system (MAMCS is established and the agent ontology is designed according to JADE, finally the negotiation mechanism is built. The method of multi-agent services aggregation driven by requirement supposed in this paper can improve the utilizing effect of service, reduce the difficulty of services composition, and realize the automatic purpose of services composition. Moreover, by combining the merits of agent technique the initiation and intelligence of the services are improved, that safeguard the best interests of the service providers due to they have an option on requirements.

  1. Resource optimization in distributed cooperative multi-relay system based on STBC-OFDM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Tong; QU Xin-chun; WANG Ying

    2007-01-01

    On the basis of the amplify-and-forward relaying mode, a two-hop distributed cooperative multi-relay system is proposed combining with the space-time block coding OFDM (STBC-OFDM) technique. Taking (he maximum end-to-end data rate as optimization criterion, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR)of receiving terminal is deduced. On the basis of the water-filling theory, the optimal power allocation (OPA) is achieved for each subcarrier in each antenna and each relay node (RN) of the two-hop, to realize the resource optimization. Monte Carlo method is adopted in simulation. The simulation results show that compared with the uniform resource allocation scheme, the proposed OPA strategy can improve the system capacity. And the energy consumption of each transmission bit will be decreased, indicating the improvement of resource efficiency. In the scenario that the total power is limited, the system performance can be enhanced further by the distributed cooperative multi-relay through the diversity gain.

  2. On channel quantization for multi-cell cooperative systems with limited feedback

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HOU XueYing; YANG ChenYang; LAU Buon Kiong

    2013-01-01

    Coherent multi-cell cooperative transmission, also referred to as coordinated multi-point transmission (CoMP), is a promising strategy to provide high spectral efficiency for universal frequency reuse cellular systems. To report the required channel information to the transmitter in frequency division duplexing systems, limited feedback techniques are often applied. Considering that the average channel gains from multiple base stations (BSs) to one mobile station are different and the number of cooperative BSs may be dynamic, it is neither flexible nor compatible to employ a large codebook to directly quantize the CoMP channel. In this paper, we employ per-cell codebooks for quantizing local and cross channels. We first propose a codeword selection criterion, aiming at maximizing an estimated data rate for each user. The proposed criterion can be applied for an arbitrary number of receive antennas at each user and also for an arbitrary number of data streams transmitted to each user. Considering that the resulting optimal per-cell codeword selection for CoMP channel is of high complexity, we propose a serial codeword selection method that has low complexity but yields comparable performance to that of the optimal codeword selection. We evaluate the proposed codeword selection criterion and method using measured CoMP channels from an urban environment as well as simulations. The results demonstrate significant performance gain as compared to an existing low-complexity method.

  3. System and Software Design for the Man Machine Interface System for Shin-Hanul Nuclear Power Plant Units 1 and 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Woong Seock; Kim, Chang Ho; Lee, Yoon Hee; Sohn, Se Do; Baek, Seung Min [KEPCO E and C, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-10-15

    The design of the safety MMIS(Man Machine Interface System) system has been performed using POSAFE-Q Programmable Logic Controller (PLC). The design of the non-safety MMIS has been performed using OPERASYSTEM Distributed Control System (DCS). This paper describes the design experiences from the design work of the MMIS using these new platforms. The SHN 1 and 2 MMIS has been developed using POSAFE-Q platform for safety and OPERASYSTEM for non-safety system. Through the utilization of the standardized platform, the safety system was developed using the above hardware and software blocks resulting in efficient safety system development. An integrated CASE tool has been setup for reliable software development. The integrated development environment has been setup formally resulting in consistent work. Even we have setup integrated development environment, the independent verification and validation including testing environment needs to be setup for more advanced environment which will be used for future plant.

  4. Army-NASA aircrew/aircraft integration program: Phase 4 A(3)I Man-Machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) software detailed design document

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banda, Carolyn; Bushnell, David; Chen, Scott; Chiu, Alex; Constantine, Betsy; Murray, Jerry; Neukom, Christian; Prevost, Michael; Shankar, Renuka; Staveland, Lowell

    1991-01-01

    The Man-Machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) is an integrated suite of software components that constitutes a prototype workstation to aid designers in applying human factors principles to the design of complex human-machine systems. MIDAS is intended to be used at the very early stages of conceptual design to provide an environment wherein designers can use computational representations of the crew station and operator, instead of hardware simulators and man-in-the-loop studies, to discover problems and ask 'what if' questions regarding the projected mission, equipment, and environment. This document is the Software Product Specification for MIDAS. Introductory descriptions of the processing requirements, hardware/software environment, structure, I/O, and control are given in the main body of the document for the overall MIDAS system, with detailed discussion of the individual modules included in Annexes A-J.

  5. The Control of Man-machine Interface System Input Module%人机界面系统输入模块的控制方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯文颖

    2012-01-01

    The article describes a resistive touch screen as system input of the touch man-machine interface system based on MCU P89C51, and introduces the structure, operation methods and interface circuit design of 8x15 determinant resistive touch screen. The control method is described in detail.%介绍了一种基于P89C51单片机的触摸式人机界面系统中作为系统输入的电阻触摸屏,介绍了8x15行列式电阻触摸屏的结构、工作方式及接口电路的设计,并详细介绍了控制方法。

  6. Design of the Man-machine Interface Used in Photovoltaic Grid-connected Inverter%光伏并网逆变器人机界面设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余峰; 张志华; 张鹏; 梁星星

    2011-01-01

    Abstract: In this paper, the technology of the soft and the hardware used in photovoltaic grid-connected inverter is stated. The man-machine interface collects parameter of running state, and transfers data to upper computer monitor system. The designs of%本文阐述了用于光伏并网逆变器的人机界面的软硬件设计技术。该人机界面的主要功能是对系统的运行参数进行采集和监控,并向上位机上传数据。并详细介绍了液晶显示、触摸屏及通讯接口的设计。

  7. 浅析人机交互界面“显性”版式设计%On the "Dominant" Format Design of Man-machine Interface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿凌艳

    2011-01-01

    The man-machine interface is an emerging carrier of information communication,the media between virtual environment and people,and the point of penetration in which the clients sense and operate computer technology.The "dominant" format design of man-machine interface aims at making people grasp well the operation menu and mode between people and machine technology.Their models must strictly be followed so that the meaning can be understood,the process of interface can be clear and simple,the work process can be understandable,and anyone can make use of new-model interface,receive and convey information just depending on their existing common sense.%人机交互界面是新兴的信息传播的承载物,是虚拟环境与人之间的媒介,界面是用户感知、操作计算机技术的切入点。人机交互界面的"显性"版式设计的目的便是使得人们掌控这个处于人与机器技术之间精通机器运作菜单和模式的操作。必须严格按照它们的模式办事,说它们能听懂的话,才能使一切交互过程都变得简单明了,工作流程简单易懂,任何人都可以仅仅依靠已有的常识,有效率地使用新型界面,接收与传达信息。

  8. Diversity and Coding Gain of Multi-Source Multi-Relay Cooperative Wireless Networks with Binary Network Coding

    CERN Document Server

    Di Renzo, Marco; Graziosi, Fabio

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, a multi-source multi-relay cooperative wireless network with binary network coding is studied. The system model encompasses: i) a demodulate-and-forward protocol at the relays, where the received packets are forwarded regardless of their reliability; and ii) a maximum-likelihood optimum decoder at the destination, which accounts for possible decoding errors at the relays. An asymptotically-tight and closed-form expression of the end-to-end error probability is derived, which clearly showcases diversity and coding gain of each source. Unlike other papers available in the literature, the proposed framework has three main distinguishable features: i) it is useful for general network topologies and arbitrary binary encoding vectors; ii) it shows how network code and two-hop forwarding protocol affect diversity and coding gain; and ii) it accounts for realistic fading channels and decoding errors at the relays. The framework provides three main conclusions: i) each source achieves a diversity order ...

  9. Multi-hop amplify-and-forward relaying cooperation in the presence of I/Q imbalance

    KAUST Repository

    Qi, Jian

    2013-06-01

    In this paper, multi-hop cooperative networks implementing channel state information (CSI)-assisted amplify-and-forward (AF) relaying in the presence of in-phase and quadrature-phase (I/Q) imbalance are investigated. We propose a compensation algorithm for the I/Q imbalance. The performance of the multi-hop CSI-assisted AF cooperative networks with and without compensation for I/Q imbalance in Nakagami-m fading environment is evaluated in terms of average symbol error probability. Numerical results are provided and show that the proposed compensation method can effectively mitigate the impact of I/Q imbalance. © 2013 IEEE.

  10. Research on Evaluation Method about Handing Performance of Man-machine Interface of Weapons%武器装备人机界面操控性评价方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪汇川; 解维河; 赵勇

    2013-01-01

    针对武器装备人机界面操控性难以有效评价的问题,提出人机界面操控易用性的评价指标,利用信息距离对易用性进行分析,并建立武器装备人机界面易用性的评估模型,并通过实例进行武器装备易用性评价分析,为武器装备人机界面操控性设计优化及检验标准的制定提供了指导.%For the problem about evaluation of man-machine interface's handing performance of weapons, the ease-to-use performance indicators is maked, the ease-to-use performance is analyzed by the distance of information-state transition, weapons'man-machine interface assessment model is established, the method is demonstrated by the practical example, to provide a reference for the optimization of handing performance of man-machine interface and the development of standards about the handing performance of man-machine interface of weapons.

  11. A Formal Framework of Multi-Agent Systems with Requirement/Service Cooperative Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王怀民; 吴泉源

    2000-01-01

    Adopting three kinds of speech acts: request, promise, and inform, this paper analyses the interaction among agents in a kind of multi-agent systems with requirements/services cooperation style (MASr-s). The paper gives the objective model the theoretic satisfaction conditions of three kinds of speech acts in MASr-s. The formal definition of MASr-s has been presented. To evaluate concrete implementation architecture and mechanism of the variant MASr-s, including client/server computing architecture and mechanism, a spectrum of MASr-s has been proposed, which captures direct request/passive service mechanism, direct request/active service mechanism, indirect request/active service mechanism, and peerto-peer request/service mechanism. The spectrum shows a thread to improve traditional client/server computing.

  12. The Evolution of Cooperative Behaviours in Physically Heterogeneous Multi-Robot Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianhua Yang

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Evolutionary Robotics (ER is a methodology that uses evolutionary computation to develop controllers for autonomous robots. The existing works focus on single robot systems or physically homogenous multi-robot teams, although physical heterogeneousness is more prevalent in the real world. It is therefore instructive to examine whether cooperative behaviours can be synthesized using artificial evolution for a team of physically heterogeneous robots. This paper makes an important contribution in answering the question of whether robots with distinct capabilities can synthesize their control strategies to accommodate their own capabilities without human intervention. We present an empirical analysis of the collaboration mechanisms and suggest guidelines about how to choose appropriate evolution methods. Simulated experiments with a team of e-puck robots show that evolution can lead to effective controllers for robots with distinct capabilities.

  13. Cooperative Information Sharing to Improve Distributed Learning in Multi-Agent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Dutta, P S; Moreau, L; 10.1613/jair.1735

    2011-01-01

    Effective coordination of agents actions in partially-observable domains is a major challenge of multi-agent systems research. To address this, many researchers have developed techniques that allow the agents to make decisions based on estimates of the states and actions of other agents that are typically learnt using some form of machine learning algorithm. Nevertheless, many of these approaches fail to provide an actual means by which the necessary information is made available so that the estimates can be learnt. To this end, we argue that cooperative communication of state information between agents is one such mechanism. However, in a dynamically changing environment, the accuracy and timeliness of this communicated information determine the fidelity of the learned estimates and the usefulness of the actions taken based on these. Given this, we propose a novel information-sharing protocol, post-task-completion sharing, for the distribution of state information. We then show, through a formal analysis, th...

  14. Communicate only when necessary: Cooperative tasking for multi-agent systems

    CERN Document Server

    Karimadini, Mohammad

    2011-01-01

    New advances in large scale distributed systems have amazingly offered complex functionalities through parallelism of simple and rudimentary components. The key issue in cooperative control of multi-agent systems is the synthesis of local control and interaction rules among the agents such that the entire controlled system achieves a desired global behavior. For this purpose, three fundamental problems have to be addressed: (1) task decomposition for top-down design, such that the fulfillment of local tasks guarantees the satisfaction of the global task, by the team; (2) fault-tolerant top-down design, such that the global task remains decomposable and achievable, in spite of some failures, and (3) design of interactions among agents to make an undecomposable task decomposable and achievable in a top-down framework. The first two problems have been addressed in our previous works, by identifying necessary and sufficient conditions for task automaton decomposition, and fault-tolerant task decomposability. This...

  15. A framework for service enterprise workflow simulation with multi-agents cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Wenan; Xu, Wei; Yang, Fujun; Xu, Lida; Jiang, Chuanqun

    2013-11-01

    Process dynamic modelling for service business is the key technique for Service-Oriented information systems and service business management, and the workflow model of business processes is the core part of service systems. Service business workflow simulation is the prevalent approach to be used for analysis of service business process dynamically. Generic method for service business workflow simulation is based on the discrete event queuing theory, which is lack of flexibility and scalability. In this paper, we propose a service workflow-oriented framework for the process simulation of service businesses using multi-agent cooperation to address the above issues. Social rationality of agent is introduced into the proposed framework. Adopting rationality as one social factor for decision-making strategies, a flexible scheduling for activity instances has been implemented. A system prototype has been developed to validate the proposed simulation framework through a business case study.

  16. A Routing Strategy for Non-Cooperation Wireless Multi-Hop Ad Hoc Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dung T. Tran

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Choosing routes such that the network lifetime is maximized in a wireless network with limited energy resources is a major routing problem in wireless multi-hop ad hoc networks. In this paper, we study the problem where participants are rationally selfish and non-cooperative. By selfish we designate the users who are ready to tamper with their source-routing (senders could choose intermediate nodes in the routing paths or next hop selection strategies in order to increase the total number of packets transmitted, but do not try to harm or drop packets of the other nodes. The problem therefore amounts to a non-cooperative game. In the works [2,6,19,23], the authors show that the game admits Nash equilibria [1]. Along this line, we first show that if the cost function is linear, this game has pure-strategy equilibrium flow even though participants have different demands. However, finding a Nash equilibrium for a normal game is computationally hard [9]. In this work, inspired by mixed-strategy equilibrium, we propose a simple local routing algorithm called MIxed Path Routing protocol (MiPR. Using analysis and simulations, we show that MiPR drives the system to an equilibrium state where selfish participants do not have incentive to deviate. Moreover, MiPR significantly improves the network lifetime as compared to original routing protocols.

  17. Cooperative Multi-UAV Collision Avoidance Based on Distributed Dynamic Optimization and Causal Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mingrui Lao

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A critical requirement for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV is the collision avoidance (CA capability to meet safety and flexibility issues in an environment of increasing air traffic densities. This paper proposes two efficient algorithms: conflict detection (CD algorithm and conflict resolution (CR algorithm. These two algorithms are the key components of the cooperative multi-UAV CA system. The CD sub-module analyzes the spatial-temporal information of four dimensional (4D trajectory to detect potential collisions. The CR sub-module calculates the minimum deviation of the planned trajectory by an objective function integrated with track adjustment, distance, and time costs, taking into account the vehicle performance, state and separation constraints. Additionally, we extend the CR sub-module with causal analysis to generate all possible solution states in order to select the optimal strategy for a multi-threat scenario, considering the potential interactions among neighboring UAVs with a global scope of a cluster. Quantitative simulation experiments are conducted to validate the feasibility and scalability of the proposed CA system, as well as to test its efficiency with variable parameters.

  18. On Multi-Hop Decode-and-Forward Cooperative Relaying for Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ai, Yun; Cheffena, Michael

    2017-03-28

    Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) will play a fundamental role in the realization of Internet of Things and Industry 4.0. Arising from the presence of spatially distributed sensor nodes in a sensor network, cooperative diversity can be achieved by using the sensor nodes between a given source-destination pair as intermediate relay stations. In this paper, we investigate the end-to-end average bit error rate (BER) and the channel capacity of a multi-hop relay network in the presence of impulsive noise modeled by the well-known Middleton's class-A model. Specifically, we consider a multi-hop decode-and-forward (DF) relay network over Nakagami-m fading channel due to its generality, but also due to the absence of reported works in this area. Closed-form analytical expressions for the end-to-end average BER and the statistical properties of the end-to-end channel capacity are obtained. The impacts of the channel parameters on these performance quantities are evaluated and discussed.

  19. 步态训练机器人人机系统动力学仿真%Man-machine system dynamics simulation of a robot for gait training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立勋; 王令军; 王凤良; 王克宽; 高峻

    2009-01-01

    Based on MATLAB the man-machine system dynamics simulation of a six-degree-of-freedom robot for gait training was completed by applying the Newton-Euler method. The kinematics constraint equations and dynamics equations of the robot were given, and the constrained matrix equation (CME) of it was constituted. Gait characteristics of people walking on the flat ground were analyzed. Combined with the pressure model of people walking on the flat ground, with the MAT-LAB toolbox, the dynamics simulation model of the man-machine system was established, and the simulation analysis of the robot' s tracking of the gait of people walking on the flat ground was carried out. The simulation results verified that the robot has good adaptability to the biped load of people, and the dynamics parameters of the robot can be conveniently acquired,so the study provides theoretical bases for achieving the robot control and performance improvement.%基于MATLAB对6自由度步态训练机器人的人机系统进行了动力学仿真研究.应用Newton-Euler法,推导了机器人的运动约束方程和动力学方程,构成了机器人的约束矩阵方程(constrained matrix equation,CME);分析了正常人在平地行走时的步态特征,并给出了人在行走时双足对地面的压力模型,利用MATLAB工具箱建立了人机系统动力学仿真模型,并对机器人跟踪人在平地行走的步态轨迹进行了仿真分析.仿真结果表明,步态训练机器人对人的双足负载具有良好的适应能力,可以方便获取机器人的动力学参数.该研究为实现机器人的控制及性能改进提供了理论依据.

  20. Cooperative Electronic Attack for Groups of Unmanned Air Vehicles based on Multi-agent Simulation and Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yee Ming Chen

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the issue of path planning is addressed for unmanned air vehicles (UAVs cooperative joint-forces electronic attack operating in a hostile environment. Specifically, the objective is to plan path to a target location in a way that minimizes exposure to threats while keeping fuel usage at acceptable levels. We consider a scenario where a group of UAVs flies in a close formation and cooperates in their use of jamming resources to prevent being tracked by Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM tracking radars. The main goal of this research effort is develop cooperating UAVs within multi-agent simulation environment. Simulations were generated to test the path planning and control strategies given UAVs/SAM tracking radar network scenarios, and overall UAVs cooperative electronic attack performance in each simulation was analyzed.

  1. Multi-Cell MIMO Downlink with Cell Cooperation and Fair Scheduling: a Large-System Limit Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Huh, Hoon; Moon, Sung-Hyun; Kim, Young-Tae; Lee, Inkyu

    2010-01-01

    We consider the downlink of a cellular network with multiple cells and multi-antenna base stations, including a realistic distance-dependent pathloss model, clusters of cooperating cells, and general "fairness" requirements. Beyond Monte Carlo simulation, no efficient computation method to evaluate the ergodic throughput of such systems has been presented so far. We propose an analytic solution based on the combination of large random matrix results and convex optimization. The proposed method is computationally much more efficient than Monte Carlo simulation and provides surprisingly accurate approximations for the actual finite-dimensional systems, even for a small number of users and base station antennas. Numerical examples include 2-cell linear and three-sectored 7-cell planar layouts, with no inter-cell cooperation, sector cooperation, or full inter-cell cooperation.

  2. Cooperative Semi-Global Output Regulation of Nonlinear Strict-Feedback Multi-Agent Systems With Nonidentical Relative Degrees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Youfeng

    2016-03-03

    In this paper, we study the cooperative semi-global output regulation problem for a class of nonlinear strict-feedback multi-agent systems, where the subsystems are assumed to have nonidentical relative degrees. We first introduce the so-called distributed internal model that converts our problem into the cooperative semi-global stabilization problem of the corresponding augmented system composed of the original multi-agent system and the internal model. We then put this augmented system into the general block lower triangular form, and develop the block semi-global backstepping technique to stabilize it. Comparing with some existing literatures, our design has removed the identical relative degree assumption, and hence applies to a much larger group of nonlinear multi-agent systems.

  3. Application of the multi-cycle estimator of Doppler and TDOA to passively locating targets exploiting non-cooperative transmitters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Zhitao; JIANG Wenli; ZHOU Yiyu

    2003-01-01

    By exploiting the cyclostationary property of non-cooperative source signals, the problem of joint time-difference-of-arrival (TDOA) and Doppler estimation is discussed, and the multi-cycle estimator is developed by generalizing the single-cycle estimator. Utilizing a special commercial FM radio as a non-cooperative transmitter, some practical experiments are carried out. The right estimates of TDOA and Doppler of a particular airplane can really be obtained by processing the measurements with the multi-cycle estimation algorithm. Through adding some slowly time-variant white Gaussian noise to the original measurements, some independent Monte Carlo simulations are performed, and the simulation results reveal that the multi-cycle estimator is really superior to the single-cycle estimator and the conventional cross-correlation method.

  4. 轮椅人机系统设计与分析%Design and Analysis of Man-machine System about Wheelchair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴晓莉; 刘君清; 黄迎亚

    2012-01-01

    通过对轮椅各部分的阐述,提出了目前轮椅设计的不合理性,并从轮椅结构及人体尺寸2方面进行了人机工程分析.结合中国成年人坐姿标准尺寸,从人体测量学角度,进行了轮椅尺寸的设计,并按照功能修正的方法,设定了轮椅的主要设计尺寸,绘出了标准尺寸的轮椅视图.根据残疾人、老年人对其舒适的需求,以靠背、坐垫、脚踏、手推柄为例进行了一系列的舒适性设计.%It describes structure of the wheelchair, puts forward that the current wheelchair design is not reasonable. Based on analysis of the man -machine for human body posture and wheelchair structure, it combines our country's adult sitting standard size with the anthropometry angle, designs the wheelchair size, proposes the function correction method, draws the standard size of the wheelchair view. According to the disabled and senior citizens, the comfortable demand to back of a chair, cushion, foot, hand push handle, it shows a series of comfort design.

  5. Research on the Relationship between Large Printing Machinery and Man- machine Engineering%大型印刷机械人机工程学关系探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐岩; 宋君

    2012-01-01

    Taking the incompatibility between human and machine in printing machinery as the inspiration, it analyzed the content of the man-machine engineering of printing machinery, discussed the human-machine interactions in printing machinery. And on that basis, with the four-color offset press as the carrier, based on ergonomics and related national standards, it discussed the relationship between printing machinery and ergonomics from three aspects: human-computer interface, operating space and color and proposes ergonomics design principles of large printing machine.%以我国大型印刷装备仍存在人和机器交互不协调性为启示,分析了印刷机械人机工程学的内容,论述了印刷机械中存在的人机交互关系。在此基础上,以四色胶印机为裁体,以人机工程学和相关国家标准为理论基础,从人机界面、操作空间和色彩3个方面对印刷机械人机工程学关系进行探讨,提出了大型印刷机械人机工程学关系设计基础原则。

  6. Study and Development of a Simulation System for Dynamic Evaluation on Man-machine Interface Design of Advanced Main Control Rooms of Nuclear Power Plants

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YangXiaojing; ZhouZhiwei; ChenXiaoming; MaYuanle; LiFu; DongYujie; WuWei; OhiTadashi

    2005-01-01

    Since the man-machine interfaces (MMI) of a main control room provide the control platform of a nuclear power plant (NPP),the development of the design quality of MMIs plays a very important role in the operation of a NPP. With the development of digital technology, the development of the advanced main control rooms (AMCRs) has become an inexorable trend. Therefore, the positive and the negative effects of AMCRs on human factors engineering need to be evaluated. For this p~, a simulation system has been studied and developed to quantitatively evaluate a MMI design from the viewpoint of human factors. The simulation system takes advantage of computer simulation technology to simulate an operating process of an interaction between operators and a MMI design under an instruction of an operation procedure of the AMCR of a NPP. Meanwhile, the necessary data are recorded for evaluation. It integrates two editors and one simulator. In the paper, the simulation system is presented in detail. Furthermore, one sample is given to show the results of each of these three subsystems.

  7. Reliability Analysis of a Man-Machine System with Human Error%具有人为故障的人-机系统的可靠性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常立波; 张玉峰

    2012-01-01

    介绍了一个具有人为故障的人-机系统的可修复模型,利用算子半群理论证明了新模型系统解的存在唯一性和指数型稳定性.另外,当故障率λ0→∞时,系统的瞬态可用度逼近弱解系统瞬态可用度.即,新模型系统逼近原模型弱解系统.%This paper presents the repairable model of a man-machine with human error. By operator theory ,the existence and uniqueness and the exponential stability of new model system is discussed in the paper.particularly,when Ao approaches to infinity, the instanta- neous stability of the system approach to the instantaneous stability of the weak solution of the system.That is, the new system approximate to the original system with mild solution.

  8. Socio-Economic Development of the Members of Two Multi-Purpose Cooperatives in Calapan City, Oriental Mindoro, Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Anthony C. Agutaya

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The study determined the members’ socio-economic development of the two multipurpose cooperatives in Calapan City namely Calapan Labor Service Development Cooperative (CALSEDECO and Calapan Vendors Multi-Purpose Cooperative (CVMPC. The descriptive research design analysis was used by the researcher. The open-ended questionnaires were administered to purposively selected 30 members in each group of fiscal year 2016. Method of data analysis was thru qualitative analysis. The study found that the operations of CALSEDECO and CVMPC were very satisfactory in terms of commitment, financial aspect, and business development program. The services rendered by CALSEDECO and CVMPC were extensive in terms of providential services, benefits from business operations, availability of credit facility and overall member satisfaction. The CALSEDECO and CVMPC contributed to the socio-economic development of their members in terms of social and economic development. The study lead to the favorable assessment of the direct socio-economic needs of the communities in terms of multi-purpose cooperative operation, services rendered and members’ socioeconomic development and consider a timely and appropriate technology to advancing cooperative industry usefulness, economic sustainability, capacity building program for the entire city to construe with the various national programs of the government. The study recommended the policy innovation and creativity by delivering a viable program proposal to the LGU to create an impact for the betterment of these underdeveloped communities in the Philippines

  9. Markerless human motion tracking using hierarchical multi-swarm cooperative particle swarm optimization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saini, Sanjay; Zakaria, Nordin; Rambli, Dayang Rohaya Awang; Sulaiman, Suziah

    2015-01-01

    The high-dimensional search space involved in markerless full-body articulated human motion tracking from multiple-views video sequences has led to a number of solutions based on metaheuristics, the most recent form of which is Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). However, the classical PSO suffers from premature convergence and it is trapped easily into local optima, significantly affecting the tracking accuracy. To overcome these drawbacks, we have developed a method for the problem based on Hierarchical Multi-Swarm Cooperative Particle Swarm Optimization (H-MCPSO). The tracking problem is formulated as a non-linear 34-dimensional function optimization problem where the fitness function quantifies the difference between the observed image and a projection of the model configuration. Both the silhouette and edge likelihoods are used in the fitness function. Experiments using Brown and HumanEva-II dataset demonstrated that H-MCPSO performance is better than two leading alternative approaches-Annealed Particle Filter (APF) and Hierarchical Particle Swarm Optimization (HPSO). Further, the proposed tracking method is capable of automatic initialization and self-recovery from temporary tracking failures. Comprehensive experimental results are presented to support the claims.

  10. Fair Allocation of Backhaul Resources in Multi-Cell MIMO Co-operative Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Soliman, Hazem M; Khairy, Mohamed M

    2011-01-01

    In this paper the problem of allocating the limited backhaul bandwidth among users in Multi-cell MIMO cooperative networks is considered. We approach the problem from both the sum-rate and fairness perspectives. First, we show that there are many allocations that can provide near maximum sumrate while varying significantly in fairness, which is assessed through the mean versus variance criteria. Second, Two novel schemes that achieve near maximum sum-rate while offering fair allocation of the backhaul bandwidth among users are proposed: the Equal Signal-to-Interference ratio (SIR) and the Equal Interference schemes. Simulation results show that, for the same mean rate among users, the proposed schemes can achieve more fairness when compared to the conventional scheme, which gives all users the same share of bandwidth. Moreover, we show that the Equal SIR scheme can achieve zero variance among users in a wide range of backhaul bandwidths while keeping very close to maximum sum rate. This is the most fair solut...

  11. Markerless human motion tracking using hierarchical multi-swarm cooperative particle swarm optimization.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay Saini

    Full Text Available The high-dimensional search space involved in markerless full-body articulated human motion tracking from multiple-views video sequences has led to a number of solutions based on metaheuristics, the most recent form of which is Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO. However, the classical PSO suffers from premature convergence and it is trapped easily into local optima, significantly affecting the tracking accuracy. To overcome these drawbacks, we have developed a method for the problem based on Hierarchical Multi-Swarm Cooperative Particle Swarm Optimization (H-MCPSO. The tracking problem is formulated as a non-linear 34-dimensional function optimization problem where the fitness function quantifies the difference between the observed image and a projection of the model configuration. Both the silhouette and edge likelihoods are used in the fitness function. Experiments using Brown and HumanEva-II dataset demonstrated that H-MCPSO performance is better than two leading alternative approaches-Annealed Particle Filter (APF and Hierarchical Particle Swarm Optimization (HPSO. Further, the proposed tracking method is capable of automatic initialization and self-recovery from temporary tracking failures. Comprehensive experimental results are presented to support the claims.

  12. 基于人机工程学的机械操作面板设计研究%The machinery operation panel design and study based on man-machine engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟庆强

    2011-01-01

    Staring from the man-machine interface design concept, fully consider people's factors, the mechanical operation interface design principles and human environment relationship is studied. The operation panel maximum limit match with human body structure. For the operator to create a safe, healthy and comfortable environment. Makes the man-machine system to play out maximum efficiency.%从人机界面设计的概念入手,充分考虑人的因素,对机械操作界面的设计原则和人机环境关系进行了研究,最终使操作面板最大限度地与人体结构相匹配,为操作者创造一个安全、健康、舒适的操作环境,使人机系统发挥出最大的效率.

  13. ADVANCED SCHEDULER FOR COOPERATIVE EXECUTION OF THREADS ON MULTI-CORE SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. N. Karasik

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Three architectures of the cooperative thread scheduler in a multithreaded application that is executed on a multi-core system are considered. Architecture A0 is based on the synchronization and scheduling facilities, which are provided by the operating system. Architecture A1 introduces a new synchronization primitive and a single queue of the blocked threads in the scheduler, which reduces the interaction activity between the threads and operating system, and significantly speed up the processes of blocking and unblocking the threads. Architecture A2 replaces the single queue of blocked threads with dedicated queues, one for each of the synchronizing primitives, extends the number of internal states of the primitive, reduces the inter- dependence of the scheduling threads, and further significantly speeds up the processes of blocking and unblocking the threads. All scheduler architectures are implemented on Windows operating systems and based on the User Mode Scheduling. Important experimental results are obtained for multithreaded applications that implement two blocked parallel algorithms of solving the linear algebraic equation systems by the Gaussian elimination. The algorithms differ in the way of the data distribution among threads and by the thread synchronization models. The number of threads varied from 32 to 7936. Architecture A1 shows the acceleration of up to 8.65% and the architecture A2 shows the acceleration of up to 11.98% compared to A0 architecture for the blocked parallel algorithms computing the triangular form and performing the back substitution. On the back substitution stage of the algorithms, architecture A1 gives the acceleration of up to 125%, and architecture A2 gives the acceleration of up to 413% compared to architecture A0. The experiments clearly show that the proposed architectures, A1 and A2 outperform A0 depending on the number of thread blocking and unblocking operations, which happen during the execution of

  14. Combat Automation for Airborne Weapon Systems: Man/Machine Interface Trends and Technologies (L’Automatisation du Combat Aerien: Tendances et Technologies pour l’Interface Homme/Machine)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-01

    d’action alternatives. Un Systeme bien integre doit concilier dc multiples sources de donnees, potentiellement contradictoires, relatives aux situations...comments constitute my persona ! evaluations of and observations on the content of each presentation. In no sen»; at they intended to summarize the...Aircraft Combat. Evaluation Aid, Expert Sys- tem, Man Machine Interface. 24-2 1-INTRODUCTION Dans les missions atSriennes aussi bien reelles que

  15. 舰载C3I系统人机可靠性模糊综合评估%Fuzzy Integrated Evaluation on Man-Machine Reliability of Shipboard C3I System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许腾; 盖世昌; 朱智

    2011-01-01

    Based on an analysis of man-machine relationship and the influential factors of the manmachine reliability of the shipboard CSI system, an index system for evaluating the man-machine reliability of a shipboard C3I system is proposed. By the method for fuzz sets and membership function, a membership function for the reliability of "man" factor is given. Two man-machine reliability evaluation models on fuzzy close-degree and ideal membership are built. The models are examined against surveys on naval ship forces. Results indicate that models are valid and usable.%基于舰载C3I系统人机关系和人机可靠性影响因素的全面分析,提出了舰载C3I系统人机可靠性的评估指标体系。利用模糊集和隶属度函数的方法,提出了人的可靠性隶属度函数,据此分别建立了基于模糊贴近度和理想隶属度的舰载C3I系统的人机可靠性评估模型,并根据舰艇部队实际调查数据对模型进行了验证。结果证明该评估模型有效、可行。

  16. Controlling the transmitted information of a multi-photon interacting with a single-Cooper pair box

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kadry, Heba, E-mail: hkadry1@yahoo.com; Abdel-Aty, Abdel-Haleem, E-mail: hkadry1@yahoo.com; Zakaria, Nordin, E-mail: hkadry1@yahoo.com [Computer and Information Science Department, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Seri Iskandar, 31750 Tronoh, Perak (Malaysia); Cheong, Lee Yen [Fundamental and Applied Science Department, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Seri Iskandar, 31750 Tronoh, Perak (Malaysia)

    2014-10-24

    We study a model of a multi-photon interaction of a single Cooper pair box with a cavity field. The exchange of the information using this system is studied. We quantify the fidelity of the transmitted information. The effect of the system parameters (detuning parameter, field photons, state density and mean photon number) in the fidelity of the transmitted information is investigated. We found that the fidelity of the transmitted information can be controlled using the system parameters.

  17. Army-NASA aircrew/aircraft integration program. Phase 5: A3I Man-Machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) software concept document

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banda, Carolyn; Bushnell, David; Chen, Scott; Chiu, Alex; Neukom, Christian; Nishimura, Sayuri; Prevost, Michael; Shankar, Renuka; Staveland, Lowell; Smith, Greg

    1992-01-01

    This is the Software Concept Document for the Man-machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) being developed as part of Phase V of the Army-NASA Aircrew/Aircraft Integration (A3I) Progam. The approach taken in this program since its inception in 1984 is that of incremental development with clearly defined phases. Phase 1 began in 1984 and subsequent phases have progressed at approximately 10-16 month intervals. Each phase of development consists of planning, setting requirements, preliminary design, detailed design, implementation, testing, demonstration and documentation. Phase 5 began with an off-site planning meeting in November, 1990. It is expected that Phase 5 development will be complete and ready for demonstration to invited visitors from industry, government and academia in May, 1992. This document, produced during the preliminary design period of Phase 5, is intended to record the top level design concept for MIDAS as it is currently conceived. This document has two main objectives: (1) to inform interested readers of the goals of the MIDAS Phase 5 development period, and (2) to serve as the initial version of the MIDAS design document which will be continuously updated as the design evolves. Since this document is written fairly early in the design period, many design issues still remain unresolved. Some of the unresolved issues are mentioned later in this document in the sections on specific components. Readers are cautioned that this is not a final design document and that, as the design of MIDAS matures, some of the design ideas recorded in this document will change. The final design will be documented in a detailed design document published after the demonstrations.

  18. Graphical Man/Machine Communications

    Science.gov (United States)

    1972-12-01

    visual modelling by Patrick Baudelair , the impressive demonstrations of background noise elimination by Neil J. Miller, and the innovation of...Processing In The Context Of A Visual Model," Proceedings of IEEE, July 1972. 3. Baudelaire , Patrick, "Digital Picture Processing And PtychophjrSlcs: A

  19. A CASE STUDY OF LUNTIAN MULTI-PURPOSE COOPERATIVE IN BARANGAY LALAIG, TIAONG, QUEZON, PHILIPPINES: A VERTICAL INTEGRATION APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.V. Perilla

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The Luntian Multi-Purpose Cooperative located in Tiaong, Quezon, Philippines. The Luntian MultiPurposecooperative focuses more on feed production as well as hog fattening. The LMC applied thevertical integration to develop the cooperative. They have their members as their primary costumers of theirfeeds. The cooperative’s business activity includes also meat shop, granting of production loan, microfinance,mobilization of saving deposits, aside from feed milling and hog fattening. Different agencies, industryorganizations and private institutions provide trainings, seminars, assistance, as well as credit for thecooperative.The aims of the study was to determine the present and discuss a noteworthy business issue (sof Luntian Multipurpose Cooperative, evaluate the business environment prevailing at a particular time ofthis case , assess the cooperative’s performance in terms of the four business functions , define the problemrelevant to the business issue(s being studied. The study used primary and secondary data. Primary datawere gathered through interviews with the key personnel, managers, and other informants of the LuntianMultipurpose Cooperative in order to obtain responses regarding the overall status of the cooperative includingits problem and plans. Secondary data were taken from files and documents, especially the history, backgroundinformation and financial statements. Other data were taken through research materials such as book,unpublished special problems and from some government institutions. The recommendation of this researchshowed that Luntian MPC should engage in establishing a communal farm as to become the primary sourceof hybrid piglets that their members would raised. The alternatives solution was establishing a breeding farmthat would ask for initial investment.

  20. Interference-Limited Device-to-Device Multi-User Cooperation Scheme for Optimization of Edge Networking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong-Cheng Huang; Jie Zhang; Zu-Fan Zhang; Zhong-Yang Xiong

    2016-01-01

    Device-to-device (D2D) communication is an emerging technology for improving cellular networks, which plays an important role in realizing Internet of Things (IoT). The spectrum efficiency, energy efficiency and throughput of network can be enhanced by the cooperation among multiple D2D users in a self-organized method. In order to limit the interference of D2D users and load off the energy consumption of D2D users without decreasing communication quality, an interference-limited multi-user cooperation scheme is proposed for multiple D2D users to solve the energy problem and the interference problem in this paper. Multiple D2D users use non-orthogonal spectrums to form clusters by self-organized method. Multiple D2D users are divided into different cooperative units. There is no interference among different cooperative units so as to limit the interference of each D2D user in cooperative units. When the link capacity cannot meet the requirements of the user rate, it will produce an interrupt event. In order to evaluate the communication quality, the outrage probability of D2D link is derived by considering link delay threshold, data rate and interference. Besides the energy availability and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of each D2D user, the distance between D2D users is considered when selecting the relaying D2D users so as to enhance the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) of D2D receiving users. Combining the derived outrage probability, the relationships among the average link delay threshold, the efficiency of energy and the efficiency of capacity are studied. The simulation results show that the interference-limited multiple D2D users cooperation scheme can not only help to offload energy consumption and limit the interference of D2D users, but also enhance the efficiency of energy and the efficiency of capacity.

  1. Multi-disciplinary Hazard Reduction from Earthquakes and Volcanoes in Indonesia - International Research Cooperation Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, Teruyuki

    2010-05-01

    Indonesian and Japanese researchers started a three-year (2009-2011) multi-disciplinary cooperative research project as a part of "Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development" supported by the Japanese government. The ultimate goal of this project is to reduce disaster from earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanoes by enhancing capability of forecasting hazards, reducing social vulnerability, and education and outreach activity of research outcomes. We plan to provide platform of collaboration among researchers in natural science, engineering and social sciences, as well as officials in national and local governments. Research activities are grouped into: (1) geological and geophysical surveys of past earthquakes, monitoring current crustal activity, and simulation of future ground motion or tsunamis, (2) short-term and long-term prediction of volcanic eruptions by monitoring Semeru, Guntur and other volcanoes, and development of their evaluation method, (3) studies to establish social infrastructure based on engineering technologies and hazard maps, (4) social, cultural and religious studies to reduce vulnerability of local communities, and (5) studies on education and outreach on disaster reduction and restoration of community. In addition, to coordinate these research activities and to utilize the research results, (6) application of the research and establishment of collaboration mechanism between researchers and the government officials is planned. In addition to mutual visits and collaborative field studies, it is planned to hold annual joint seminars (in Indonesia in 2009 and 2011, in Japan in 2010) that will be broadcasted through internet. Meetings with Joint Coordinating Committee, composed of representatives of relevant Indonesian ministries and institutions as well as project members, will be held annually to oversee the activities. The kick-off workshop was held in Bandung in April 2009 and the research plans from 22 different

  2. Research on image fusion of missile team based on multi-agent cooperative blackboard model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sen, Guo; Munan, Li

    The target of cooperative engagement of missile teams is to furthest improve hit rate of target according to communication and cooperation among missiles. In this paper the problems of image fusion between missile teams in complex combat environment was analyzed, after which an muti-agent blackboard cooperative model was presented and a public information platform of missile team is built according to this model. Through these, the fusion of images taken from muti-sensor of missiles can be realized and the hit rate of attacking target will be improved. At last, an simulation experiment were performed, and the feasibility of the method is proved by simulation experiment.

  3. A Cooperative and Adaptive Variable Neighborhood Search for the Multi Depot Vehicle Routing Problem with Time Windows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Polacek

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we propose two cooperation schemes to compose new parallel variants of the Variable Neighborhood Search (VNS. On the one hand, a coarse-grained cooperation scheme is introduced which is well suited for being enhanced with a solution warehouse to store and manage the so far best found solutions and a self-adapting mechanism for the most important search parameters. This makes an a priori parameter tuning obsolete. On the other hand, a fine-grained scheme was designed to reproduce the successful properties of the sequential VNS. In combination with the use of parallel exploration threads all of the best solutions and 11 out of 20 new best solutions for the Multi Depot Vehicle Routing Problem with Time Windows were found.

  4. 巧用三菱MX Component工具进行三菱PLC-PC人机界面设计%How to ingeniously use the Mitsubishi MX Component tools to design the Mitsubishi PLC-PC man-machine interface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋爱民; 刘春莲

    2012-01-01

    With no need to know the details of Mitsubishi PLC communication protocol, the text briefly introduces how to design man-machine interface conveniently by text and picture with the help of the Mitsubishi MX Component and Microsoft Visual Studio tool.%通过文字、图片,简述在不需要详细了解三菱PLC通信协议的情况下,借助三菱MX Component和微软Visual Studio工具,如何很方便地设计出人机界面.

  5. Distributed control of multi-robot teams: Cooperative baton passing task

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, L.E.

    1998-11-01

    This research addresses the problem of achieving fault tolerant cooperation within small- to medium-sized teams of heterogeneous mobile robots. The author describes a novel behavior-based, fully distributed architecture, called ALLIANCE, that utilizes adaptive action selection to achieve fault tolerant cooperative control. The robots in this architecture possess a variety of high-level functions that they can perform during a mission, and must at all times select an appropriate action based on the requirements of the mission, the activities of other robots, the current environmental conditions, and their own internal states. Since such cooperative teams often work in dynamic and unpredictable environments, the software architecture allows the team members to respond robustly and reliably to unexpected environmental changes and modifications in the robot team that may occur due to mechanical failure, the learning of new skills, or the addition or removal of robots from the team by human intervention. After presenting ALLIANCE, they describe the implementation of this architecture on a team of physical mobile robots performing a cooperative baton passing task. These experiments illustrate the ability of ALLIANCE to achieve adaptive, fault-tolerant cooperative control amidst dynamic changes during the task.

  6. Research on the Optical Quality of the Environment of Man-Machine System%人机系统光环境质量研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马广韬; 周洋

    2013-01-01

    On the light environment design,this paper applies the principles of lamp light distribution curve and makes rational use of natural lighting and artificial lighting integrating the buildings' function and form in order to create a pleasant light environment.The paper applies the lamp light distribution curve through field measurement and evaluation analysis,using calculation method of illumination,combining_with ergonomics principles,to evaluate the illumination and glare on Shenyang Jianzhu University library and conclude the influence factors to the quality of light environment.For large span library,on the premise of obtaining natural lighting through a good orientation,the atrium indirect daylight can make up for the shortage of side lighting and play a complementary role in indoor illumination in the maximum depth about 5m.In addition,if the reflection coefficient of desktop material is smaller,the light reflection illumination curve distribution will be more uniformed.And if the desktop color is too deep,the readers will be lead to eye fatigue.We provide new data to make the optical quality better and make the man-machine system achieve the harmonious unification,for readers to create a comfortable and efficient learning environment.%目的 研究在光环境设计中,合理利用天然采光和人工照明并与建筑的功能、形式有机地结合,创造宜人的光环境.方法 应用灯具的配光曲线原理,通过实地测量和分析评价,运用照度的计算方法,结合人机工程学原理,对建筑大学图书馆的照度及眩光进行评价,得出影响光环境质量的因素.结果 对于大跨度公共阅读工作区来说,在保证通过良好的朝向来获取自然光线的前提基础上,中庭间接采光在最大进深约5 m的范围内,可弥补仅靠侧窗采光的不足,对光环境中最重要的照度因素起到补充作用.另外,桌面材料的反射系数越小,其反射照度曲线的照度值分布越均匀,桌面颜色

  7. 协作多机器人系统研究进展综述%A survey of recent advances in cooperative multi-robot systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴军; 徐昕; 连传强; 贺汉根

    2011-01-01

    Cooperative multi-robot systems have been a particularly popular topic within robotics because of their potential applications. To meet the demand of promoting relevant study, the current research and development situation of cooperative multi-robot systems were systematically reviewed and summarized. Research concerning the unconscious bionic swarm-cooperation multi-robot and the heterogeneous intentional-cooperation multi-robot was discussed. In particular, to build and optimize heterogeneous intentional-cooperation multi-robot systems. the recent advances in system structure, environment perception. and control optimization were surveyed and analyzed. Moreover, the benchmark tasks and universal software/hardware platforms for a multi-robot were summarized. Finally,future developments in cooperative multi-robot system research were discussed.%协作多机器人系统是近年来机器人研究的热点,具有良好的应用前景.针对开展相关研究的迫切需要,总结了协作多机器人系统研究的国内外发展现状,并分别对无意识协作的仿生多机器人系统和有意识协作的异构多机器人系统研究进行论述.重点从系统构建和优化控制的宏观角度出发,对有意识协作异构多机器人系统的体系结构、环境感知以及优化控制3个方面的研究进展分别展开论述;对典型的多机器人验证任务和软硬件实验平台进行了总结;最后对协作多机器人系统的研究方向进行了展望.

  8. 一种新的多链路轮询方案%A new multi-link cooperative polling scheme

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛玉泉; 李思佳; 李波; 郑秋荣

    2011-01-01

    为了改善无人机数据链(unmanned aerial vehicle data link,UAV-DL)的吞吐量和平均时延,结合UAV的Markov飞行状态、Gilbert-Elliot信道模型和不同分组网络的优先级,提出了一种基于Gilbert-Elliot信道的UAV数据链多链路轮询策略.该策略以链路信道状态和不同分组网络的优先级为轮询的最优目标,首先,依据轮询的最优目标完成信息的传输,然后,依据排队过程的概率母函数和基本的排队原理分析了UAV数据链多链路轮询机制的性能.最后通过Opnet仿真了该策略组网条件下的平均时延和吞吐量,结果表明:与其典型的两种轮询方式相比,该方案的平均时延削减了至少30%,组网的吞吐量增加了1.3倍.%In order to improve the throughput and reduce the average delay for UAV-DL ( unmanned aerial vehicle data link ),a new multi-link cooperative polling scheme is proposed based on the Markov chain of flight condition for UAV-DL,Gilbert-Elliot channel model and different priorities for multi-link network.The channel state and different priorities are op timal for the multi-link cooperative polling scheme.The data is transmitted according to its channel state and priority.And then the average delay and throughput of multi-link cooperative polling model for UAV-DL are analyzed and simulated based on the probability generating function and the queuing theory.Simulation results show that the average delay is shortened by 30% and the throughput is increased 1.3 times than other ways in simulation.

  9. Cooperative learning during math lessons in multi-ethnic elementary schools : counting on each other

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oortwijn, Michiel B.

    2007-01-01

    How do social peer interactions (i.e. verbal helping behavior) during a cooperative learning (CL) curriculum in math affect the mathematical, linguistic, and social skills of 10-12 year old pupils from multiethnic classrooms? We developed a CL math curriculum in this thesis to investigate this ques

  10. Formulation and implementation of relational behaviours for multi-robot cooperative systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Vecht, B; Lima, P; Nardi, D; Riedmiller, M; Sammut, C; SantosVictor, J

    2005-01-01

    This paper introduces a general formulation of relational behaviours for cooperative real robots and an example of its implementation using the pass between soccer robots of the Middle-Sized League of RoboCup. The formulation is based on the Joint Commitment Theory and the pass implementation is sup

  11. Man-machine Interface Design for Three Phase Secondary Rectifying Spot Welding Touch Screen%三相次级整流点焊触摸屏人机界面设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡德安; 周勇奇; 陈益平; 缪明学

    2012-01-01

    设计了一种三相次级整流点焊触摸屏人机交互界面,介绍了三相次级整流点焊控制系统结构、触摸屏系统软硬件设计.根据点焊的焊接工艺过程和三相次级整流点焊的特点,通过画图软件CORELDRAW制做了四个触摸屏人机界面,通过触摸屏界面制作软件、串口调试助理软件和程序控制,能方便的对参数进行设置和系统的实时监控.%A three phase secondary rectifying spot welding touch screen man-machine interface was designed, three phase secondary rectifying spot welding control system structure, software and hardware design of touch screen system were introduced. According to the spot welding process and phase secondary rectifying spot welding characteristics, by drawing software CORELDRAW producing four touch screen man-machine interface, by the touch screen interface and manufacturing software, serial debugging assistant software and program control, convenient parameter setting and system monitoring were realized.

  12. Multi-choice stochastic bi-level programming problem in cooperative nature via fuzzy programming approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maiti, Sumit Kumar; Roy, Sankar Kumar

    2016-05-01

    In this paper, a Multi-Choice Stochastic Bi-Level Programming Problem (MCSBLPP) is considered where all the parameters of constraints are followed by normal distribution. The cost coefficients of the objective functions are multi-choice types. At first, all the probabilistic constraints are transformed into deterministic constraints using stochastic programming approach. Further, a general transformation technique with the help of binary variables is used to transform the multi-choice type cost coefficients of the objective functions of Decision Makers(DMs). Then the transformed problem is considered as a deterministic multi-choice bi-level programming problem. Finally, a numerical example is presented to illustrate the usefulness of the paper.

  13. Cooperative multi-user detection and ranging based on pseudo-random codes

    OpenAIRE

    Morhart, C.; E. M. Biebl

    2009-01-01

    We present an improved approach for a Round Trip Time of Flight distance measurement system. The system is intended for the usage in a cooperative localisation system for automotive applications. Therefore, it is designed to address a large number of communication partners per measurement cycle. By using coded signals in a time divison multiple access order, we can detect a large number of pedestrian sensors with just one car sensor. We achieve this by using very short transmit bursts in comb...

  14. Cooperative Localization for Multi-Robot Incorporating Proprioceptive/Exteroceptive Position Sensors1

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Jihong; Jo, Kyounghwan; Jang, Choulsoo

    2007-01-01

    International audience; This paper presents a new method of cooperative localization for multiple robots utilizing correlation between GPS errors of common mode in shared workspace. Assuming that GPS data of individual robot are correlated strongly as the distance between robots are close, we utilize the differential position data between the robots to refine robot's position data. Under artificial environment for simulation with imposed model error to robot motion and GPS sensor data error, ...

  15. Interference Cancellation at the Relay for Multi-User Wireless Cooperative Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Li, Liangbin; Jing, Yindi; Jafarkhani, Hamid

    2010-01-01

    We study multi-user transmission and detection schemes for a multi-access relay network (MARN) with linear constraints at all nodes. In a $(J, J_a, R_a, M)$ MARN, $J$ sources, each equipped with $J_a$ antennas, communicate to one $M$-antenna destination through one $R_a$-antenna relay. A new protocol called IC-Relay-TDMA is proposed which takes two phases. During the first phase, symbols of different sources are transmitted concurrently to the relay. At the relay, interference cancellation (I...

  16. Vision-Based Cooperative Pose Estimation for Localization in Multi-Robot Systems Equipped with RGB-D Cameras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoqin Wang

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available We present a new vision based cooperative pose estimation scheme for systems of mobile robots equipped with RGB-D cameras. We first model a multi-robot system as an edge-weighted graph. Then, based on this model, and by using the real-time color and depth data, the robots with shared field-of-views estimate their relative poses in pairwise. The system does not need the existence of a single common view shared by all robots, and it works in 3D scenes without any specific calibration pattern or landmark. The proposed scheme distributes working loads evenly in the system, hence it is scalable and the computing power of the participating robots is efficiently used. The performance and robustness were analyzed both on synthetic and experimental data in different environments over a range of system configurations with varying number of robots and poses.

  17. Enhanced bandwidth of a microstrip antenna using a parasitic mushroom-like metamaterial structure for multi-robot cooperative navigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Cherl-Hee; Lee, Jonghun; Kim, Yoon-Gu; An, Jinung

    2015-01-01

    The broadband design of a microstrip patch antenna is presented and experimentally studied for multi-robot cooperation. A parasitic mushroom-like metamaterial (MTM) patch close to a microstrip top patch is excited through gap-coupling, thereby producing a resonance frequency. Because of the design, the resonance frequency of the parasitic MTM patch is adjacent to that of the main patch, and the presented antenna can achieve an enhanced bandwidth of 450 MHz, which is about two times the bandwidth of a conventional patch antenna without the MTM parasitic patch. The error rate of packet transmissions for measuring the distance between a leader robot and a follower robot was also improved by almost two-fold.

  18. Transmit Power Allocation for Physical Layer Security in Cooperative Multi-Hop Full-Duplex Relay Networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jong-Ho; Sohn, Illsoo; Kim, Yong-Hwa

    2016-10-17

    In this paper, we consider a transmit power allocation problem for secure transmission in multi-hop decode-and-forward (DF) full-duplex relay (FDR) networks, where multiple FDRs are located at each hop and perform cooperative beamforming to null out the signal at multiple eavesdroppers. For a perfect self-interference cancellation (PSIC) case, where the self-interference signal at each FDR is completely canceled, we derive an optimal power allocation (OPA) strategy using the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT) conditions to maximize the achievable secrecy rate under an overall transmit power constraint. In the case where residual self-interferences exist owing to imperfect self-interference cancellation (ISIC), we also propose a transmit power allocation scheme using the geometric programming (GP) method. Numerical results are presented to verify the secrecy rate performance of the proposed power allocation schemes.

  19. Transmit Power Allocation for Physical Layer Security in Cooperative Multi-Hop Full-Duplex Relay Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jong-Ho Lee

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we consider a transmit power allocation problem for secure transmission in multi-hop decode-and-forward (DF full-duplex relay (FDR networks, where multiple FDRs are located at each hop and perform cooperative beamforming to null out the signal at multiple eavesdroppers. For a perfect self-interference cancellation (PSIC case, where the self-interference signal at each FDR is completely canceled, we derive an optimal power allocation (OPA strategy using the Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT conditions to maximize the achievable secrecy rate under an overall transmit power constraint. In the case where residual self-interferences exist owing to imperfect self-interference cancellation (ISIC, we also propose a transmit power allocation scheme using the geometric programming (GP method. Numerical results are presented to verify the secrecy rate performance of the proposed power allocation schemes.

  20. Modified Cooperative Access with Relay’s Data (MCARD based Directional Antenna for multi-rate WLANs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Magdy

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, for multi-rate wireless local area networks (WLANs, a modified protocol in Medium Access Control (MAC, called Modified Cooperative Access with Relay’s Data (MCARD based Directional Antenna using half wave length dipole in Uniform Circular Array (UCA topology is proposed. MCARD gives remote stations chance to send their information by using intermediate stations (relays to Access Point (AP at a higher data rate based practical antenna. As can be seen under MCARD, a relay station transmits its information before forwarding information from the source station because it uses directional antenna. Analytical results and simulations show that MCARD can significantly improve system quality of service (QOS in terms of throughput under different channel conditions.

  1. Multi-Agent Many-Objective Robust Decision Making: Supporting Cooperative Regional Water Portfolio Planning in the Eastern United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, J. D.; Zeff, H. B.; Reed, P. M.; Characklis, G. W.

    2013-12-01

    In the Eastern United States, water infrastructure and institutional frameworks have evolved in a historically water-rich environment. However, large regional droughts over the past decade combined with continuing population growth have marked a transition to a state of water scarcity, for which current planning paradigms are ill-suited. Significant opportunities exist to improve the efficiency of water infrastructure via regional coordination, namely, regional 'portfolios' of water-related assets such as reservoirs, conveyance, conservation measures, and transfer agreements. Regional coordination offers the potential to improve reliability, cost, and environmental impact in the expected future state of the world, and, with informed planning, to improve robustness to future uncertainty. In support of this challenge, this study advances a multi-agent many-objective robust decision making (multi-agent MORDM) framework that blends novel computational search and uncertainty analysis tools to discover flexible, robust regional portfolios. Our multi-agent MORDM framework is demonstrated for four water utilities in the Research Triangle region of North Carolina, USA. The utilities supply nearly two million customers and have the ability to interact with one another via transfer agreements and shared infrastructure. We show that strategies for this region which are Pareto-optimal in the expected future state of the world remain vulnerable to performance degradation under alternative scenarios of deeply uncertain hydrologic and economic factors. We then apply the Patient Rule Induction Method (PRIM) to identify which of these uncertain factors drives the individual and collective vulnerabilities for the four cooperating utilities. Our results indicate that clear multi-agent tradeoffs emerge for attaining robustness across the utilities. Furthermore, the key factor identified for improving the robustness of the region's water supply is cooperative demand reduction. This type

  2. Cooperative task assignment of multiple heterogeneous unmanned aerial vehicles using a modified genetic algorithm with multi-type genes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Deng Qibo; Yu Jianqiao; Wang Ningfei

    2013-01-01

    The task assignment problem of multiple heterogeneous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), concerned with cooperative decision making and control, is studied in this paper. The heterogeneous vehicles have different operational capabilities and kinematic constraints, and carry limited resources (e.g., weapons) onboard. They are designated to perform multiple consecutive tasks cooperatively on multiple ground targets. The problem becomes much more complicated because of these terms of heterogeneity. In order to tackle the challenge, we modify the former genetic algorithm with multi-type genes to stochastically search a best solution. Genes of chromo-somes are different, and they are assorted into several types according to the tasks that must be performed on targets. Different types of genes are processed specifically in the improved genetic operators including initialization, crossover, and mutation. We also present a mirror representation of vehicles to deal with the limited resource constraint. Feasible chromosomes that vehicles could perform tasks using their limited resources under the assignment are created and evolved by genetic operators. The effect of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated in numerical simulations. The results show that it effectively provides good feasible solutions and finds an optimal one.

  3. A Global Integration Platform for Optimizing Cooperative Modeling and Simultaneous Joint Inversion of Multi-domain Geophysical Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Chiappa

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the theoretical aspects and the practical issues of different types of geophysical integration approaches. Moreover it shows how these approaches can be combined and optimized into the same platform. We discuss both cooperative modeling and Simultaneous Joint Inversion (SJI as complementary methods for integration of multi-domain geophysical data: these data can be collected at surface (seismic, electromagnetic, gravity as well as in borehole (composite well logs. The main intrinsic difficulties of any SJI approach are the high computational requirements, the non-uniqueness of the final models, the proper choice of the relations between the different geophysical domains, the quantitative evaluation of reliability indicators. In order to face efficiently all these problems we propose and describe here a “systemic approach”: the algorithms of modeling and SJI are merged with an integration architecture that permits the selection of workflows and links between different algorithms, the management of data and models coming from different domains, the smart visualization of partial and final results. This Quantitative Integration System (QUIS has been implemented into a complex software and hardware platform, comprising many advanced codes working in cooperation and running on powerful computer clusters. The paper is divided into two main parts. First we discuss the theoretical formulation of SJI and the key concepts of the QUIS platform. In the second part we present a synthetic SJI test and a case history of QUIS application to a real exploration problem.

  4. Distributed Cooperative Control of Multi Flywheel Energy Storage System for Electrical Vehicle Fast Charging Stations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sun, Bo; Dragicevic, Tomislav; Quintero, Juan Carlos Vasquez

    2015-01-01

    Plug-in electrical vehicles will play a critical role in future smart grid and sudden connection of electrical vehicles chargers may cause huge power-peaks with high slew-rates on grid. In order to cope with this issue, this paper applies a distributed cooperative control for fast charging station...... consensus based voltage observer by communicating with its neighbors. The control system can realize the power balancing and DC voltage regulation with low reliance on communications. Finally, real-time hardware-in-the-loop results have been reported in order to verify the feasibility of proposed approach....

  5. A Multi-Scale Energy Demand Model suggests sharing Market Risks with Intelligent Energy Cooperatives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Methenitis, G.; Kaisers, M.; La Poutré, J.A.

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a multi-scale model of energy demand that is consistent with observations at a macro scale, in our use-case standard load profiles for (residential) electric loads. We employ the model to study incentives to assume the risk of volatile market prices for intelligent energy c

  6. An embedded man-machine interface design of full digital resistance welding machine%一种嵌入式全数字化电阻焊机人机界面的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张振法; 王剑; 吴玉香; 田联房

    2012-01-01

    The design of man -machine interface was an important part of the full -digital high -current intermediate -frequency inverter resistance welding machine. For the development needs of current domestic welding machine, a visualization graphical man-machine interaction interface system was designed based on WinCE embedded operating system in the paper. The MFC of EVC++4.0 and SQLite database was used to overall development design and unified management of the welding machine data in the interface system, and it also could communicate with the lower machine DSP via RS232 or network. Extensive testing showed that the interface system could achieve user rights management, multiple welding controller management, basic specifications and parameter settings, spot control and real-time monitoring sampling etc. Also, it could be easy to operate and had powerful function and strong real-time. A new method was provided for the man-machine interface design of welding machine with embedded WinCE system.%人机交互界面设计是全数字化大电流中频逆变电阻焊机研究的一个重要组成部分.针对当前国内电焊机的发展需求,设计了一款基于WinCE嵌入式操作系统的可视化图形人杌交互界面系统.该界面系统采用EVC++4.0中的MFC进行总体开发设计,利用数椐库SQLite对焊机数据进行统一管理,并能通过RS232或网络与下位机DSP进行通信.通过大量的测试表明,界面能很好地实现焊机用户权限管理、多焊机控制器管理、基本规范与参数设置、打点控制及实时监控采样等功能,操作方便、功能强大、实时性强.采用嵌入式WinCE系统,为电焊杌人机界面的设计提供了一种新方法.

  7. Design of Touch Screen Man-Machine Interface Test Bench for Vehicle Power Steering Pump%汽车动力转向油泵试验台触摸屏人-机界面设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉琳; 王运; 刘光复

    2013-01-01

    传统的汽车动力转向油泵试验台采用键盘输入和LED显示实现人机交互,这种操作界面对人员的素质要求比较高,操作不直观也不方便,降低了产品的测试速率.触摸屏具有坚固耐用、反应速度快、节省空间、易于交流等诸多优点,使人与机交互更为直截了当.基于以上原因,采用MODBUS通信协议编写单片机通信程序,实现触摸屏和单片机的通信.根据试验大纲流程设计人-机界面的画面,该界面包含手动和自动两种方式,可以实现数据显示、参数设置、自动测试、报警提示等功能.使用结果表明,该人-机界面友好,测控精度高,操作简单方便,应用前景广阔.%Keyboard input and LED display are used in traditional vehicle power steering pump test bench to achieve man-machine interaction, in this interface, a high quality of personnel is required, and operation is neither visualized nor convenient, hence the rate of product testing is reduced. Touch screen has such advantages as a rugged-endurable in use, fast response, space-saving and easy to communicate, and many others, so the interaction between human and machine are made more straightforward. Based on above matters, by using MODBUS communication protocol to write single-chip communication program, the purpose of communication between the touch screen and single-chip was realized. According to the test outline process to design the man-machine interface screen, in the interface, the two modes; manual and automatic operation was contained, and data showing, parameter setting, automatic testing, alarm and other functions could be achieved. The usage results show that this man-machine interface possesses the attributes of friendliness, highly-precision in monitoring, convenient and simple in operation, therefore it has a broad application prospect.

  8. Radiometric compensation for cooperative distributed multi-projection system through 2-DOF distributed control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsukamoto, Jun; Iwai, Daisuke; Kashima, Kenji

    2015-11-01

    This paper proposes a novel radiometric compensation technique for cooperative projection system based-on distributed optimization. To achieve high scalability and robustness, we assume cooperative projection environments such that 1. each projector does not have information about other projectors as well as target images, 2. the camera does not have information about the projectors either, while having the target images, and 3. only a broadcast communication from the camera to the projectors is allowed to suppress the data transfer bandwidth. To this end, we first investigate a distributed optimization based feedback mechanism that is suitable for the required decentralized information processing environment. Next, we show that this mechanism works well for still image projection, however not necessary for moving images due to the lack of dynamic responsiveness. To overcome this issue, we propose to implement an additional feedforward mechanism. Such a 2 Degree Of Freedom (2-DOF) control structure is well-known in control engineering community as a typical method to enhance not only disturbance rejection but also reference tracking capability, simultaneously. We theoretically guarantee and experimentally demonstrate that this 2-DOF structure yields the moving image projection accuracy that is overwhelming the best achievable performance only by the distributed optimization mechanisms.

  9. A Distributed Cooperative Dynamic Task Planning Algorithm for Multiple Satellites Based on Multi-agent Hybrid Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Chong; LI Jun; JING Ning; WANG Jun; CHEN Hao

    2011-01-01

    Traditionally,heuristic re-planning algorithms are used to tackle the problem of dynamic task planning for multiple satellites.However,the traditional heuristic strategies depend on the concrete tasks,which often affect the result's optimality.Noticing that the historical information of cooperative task planning will impact the latter planning results,we propose a hybrid learning algorithrn for dynamic multi-satellite task planning,which is based on the multi-agent reinforcement learning of policy iteration and the transfer learning.The reinforcement learning strategy of each satellite is described with neural networks.The policy neural network individuals with the best topological structure and weights are found by applying co-evolutionary search iteratively.To avoid the failure of the historical learning caused by the randomly occurring observation requests,a novel approach is proposed to balance the quality and efficiency of the task planning,which converts the historical leaming strategy to the current initial learning strategy by applying the transfer learning algorithm.The simulations and analysis show the feasibility and adaptability of the proposed approach especially for the situation with randomly occurring observation requests.

  10. Cooperative Multi-Agent Mobile Sensor Platforms for Jet Engine Inspection: Concept and Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litt, Jonathan S.; Wong, Edmond; Krasowski, Michael J.; Greer, Lawrence C.

    2003-01-01

    Cooperative behavior algorithms utilizing swarm intelligence are being developed for mobile sensor platforms to inspect jet engines on-wing. Experiments are planned in which several relatively simple autonomous platforms will work together in a coordinated fashion to carry out complex maintenance-type tasks within the constrained working environment modeled on the interior of a turbofan engine. The algorithms will emphasize distribution of the tasks among multiple units; they will be scalable and flexible so that units may be added in the future; and will be designed to operate on an individual unit level to produce the desired global effect. This proof of concept demonstration will validate the algorithms and provide justification for further miniaturization and specialization of the hardware toward the true application of on-wing in situ turbine engine maintenance.

  11. Cooperative multi-user detection and ranging based on pseudo-random codes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morhart, C.; Biebl, E. M.

    2009-05-01

    We present an improved approach for a Round Trip Time of Flight distance measurement system. The system is intended for the usage in a cooperative localisation system for automotive applications. Therefore, it is designed to address a large number of communication partners per measurement cycle. By using coded signals in a time divison multiple access order, we can detect a large number of pedestrian sensors with just one car sensor. We achieve this by using very short transmit bursts in combination with a real time correlation algorithm. Futhermore, the correlation approach offers real time data, concerning the time of arrival, that can serve as a trigger impulse for other comunication systems. The distance accuracy of the correlation result was further increased by adding a fourier interpolation filter. The system performance was checked with a prototype at 2.4 GHz. We reached a distance measurement accuracy of 12 cm at a range up to 450 m.

  12. Design of a Multi-Sensor Cooperation Travel Environment Perception System for Autonomous Vehicle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang Zhang

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the environment perception system designed for intelligent vehicle SmartV-II, which won the 2010 Future Challenge. This system utilizes the cooperation of multiple lasers and cameras to realize several necessary functions of autonomous navigation: road curb detection, lane detection and traffic sign recognition. Multiple single scan lasers are integrated to detect the road curb based on Z-variance method. Vision based lane detection is realized by two scans method combining with image model. Haar-like feature based method is applied for traffic sign detection and SURF matching method is used for sign classification. The results of experiments validate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms and the whole system.

  13. The Evolution of Cooperative Behaviours in Physically Heterogeneous Multi-robot Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianhua Yang

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Evolutionary Robotics (ER is a methodology that uses evolutionary computation to develop controllers for autonomous robots. The existing works focus on\tsingle robot systems or physically homogenous multi‐robot teams, although physical heterogeneousness is more prevalent in the real world. It is therefore instructive to examine whether cooperative behaviours can be synthesized using artificial evolution for\ta team of\tphysically heterogeneous robots. This paper makes an important contribution in answering the question of whether robots with distinct capabilities can synthesize their control strategies to accommodate their own capabilities without human intervention. We present an empirical analysis of the collaboration mechanisms and suggest guidelines about how to choose appropriate evolution methods. Simulated experiments with a team of e‐puck robots show that evolution can lead to effective controllers for robots with distinct capabilities.

  14. A Multi-Antenna Framework for Spectrum Reuse Based on Primary-Secondary Cooperation

    KAUST Repository

    Bakr, Omar

    2008-10-01

    This paper proposes a new framework for spectrum reuse. Existing architectures have centered on secondary users (cognitive radios) that can reliably sense primary users and opportunistically transmit, without directly interacting with the primary system. We present a paradigm in which the primary and secondary systems cooperate, to minimize interference to primary users and provide predictable access for secondary users. Because this architecture gives the primary system full control over spectrum sharing, it could be more favorable in the current economic and political environment. We illustrate a concrete instance of our framework by showing how secondary radios can reuse the entire uplink channel of a cellular network, with only modest changes to the primary infrastructure. ©2008 IEEE.

  15. Cooperative multi-user detection and ranging based on pseudo-random codes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Morhart

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available We present an improved approach for a Round Trip Time of Flight distance measurement system. The system is intended for the usage in a cooperative localisation system for automotive applications. Therefore, it is designed to address a large number of communication partners per measurement cycle. By using coded signals in a time divison multiple access order, we can detect a large number of pedestrian sensors with just one car sensor. We achieve this by using very short transmit bursts in combination with a real time correlation algorithm. Futhermore, the correlation approach offers real time data, concerning the time of arrival, that can serve as a trigger impulse for other comunication systems. The distance accuracy of the correlation result was further increased by adding a fourier interpolation filter. The system performance was checked with a prototype at 2.4 GHz. We reached a distance measurement accuracy of 12 cm at a range up to 450 m.

  16. Closing the Gap Between Research and Field Applications for Multi-UAV Cooperative Missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    from around the world. The application is available for a number of different operating systems, including iOS for iPad and iPhone and android OS. The...64] U. Soylu, “Multi-target tracking for swarm vs . swarm UAV systems,” M.S. thesis, Dept. Computer Science, Naval Postgraduate School, 2012. [65...ForeFlight. ForeFlight: iPad and iPhone aviation apps for pilots with aviation weather, AFD, flight plan filing, METAR, TAFs and more.[Online]. Available

  17. The generation and re-generation of social capital and enterprises in multi-stakeholders social cooperative enterprises: a system dynamic approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Travaglini

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Theories on social capital and on social entrepreneurship have mainly highlighted the attitude of social capital to generate enterprises and to foster good relations between third sector organizations and the public sector. This paper considers the social capital in a specific third sector enterprise; here, multi-stakeholder social cooperatives are seen, at the same time, as social capital results, creators and incubators. In the particular enterprises that identify themselves as community social enterprises, social capital, both as organizational and relational capital, is fundamental: SCEs arise from but also produce and disseminate social capital. This paper aims to improve the building of relational social capital and the refining of helpful relations drawn from other arenas, where they were created and from where they are sometimes transferred to other realities, where their role is carried on further (often working in non-profit, horizontally and vertically arranged groups, where they share resources and relations. To represent this perspective, we use a qualitative system dynamic approach in which social capital is measured using proxies. Cooperation of volunteers, customers, community leaders and third sector local organizations is fundamental to establish trust relations between public local authorities and cooperatives. These relations help the latter to maintain long-term contracts with local authorities as providers of social services and enable them to add innovation to their services, by developing experiences and management models and maintaining an interchange with civil servants regarding these matters. The long-term relations and the organizational relations linking SCEs and public organizations help to create and to renovate social capital. Thus, multi-stakeholder cooperatives originated via social capital developed in third sector organizations produce new social capital within the cooperatives themselves and between

  18. Multi-hop Cooperative Wireless Networks: Diversity Multiplexing Tradeoff and Optimal Code Design

    CERN Document Server

    Sreeram, K; Kumar, P Vijay

    2008-01-01

    We consider single-source single-sink (ss-ss) multi-hop networks, with slow-fading links and single-antenna half-duplex relays. We identify two families of networks that are multi-hop generalizations of the well-studied two-hop network: K-Parallel-Path (KPP) networks and layered networks. KPP networks can be viewed as the union of K node-disjoint parallel relaying paths, each of length greater than one. KPP networks are then generalized to KPP(I) networks, which permit interference between paths and to KPP(D) networks, which possess a direct link from source to sink. We characterize the DMT of these families of networks completely for K > 3. Layered networks are networks comprising of relaying layers with edges existing only within the same layer or between adjacent layers. We prove that a linear DMT between the maximum diversity d_{max} and the maximum multiplexing gain of 1 is achievable for fully-connected layered networks. This is shown to be equal to the optimal DMT if the number of layers is less than 4...

  19. Adaptive Control and Multi-agent Interface for Infotelecommunication Systems of New Generation

    OpenAIRE

    Timofeev, Adil

    2004-01-01

    Problems for intellectualisation for man-machine interface and methods of self-organization for network control in multi-agent infotelecommunication systems have been discussed. Architecture and principles for construction of network and neural agents for telecommunication systems of new generation have been suggested. Methods for adaptive and multi-agent routing for information flows by requests of external agents- users of global telecommunication systems and computer network...

  20. Multi-agent simulation of competitive electricity markets: Autonomous systems cooperation for European market modeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Santos, Gabriel; Pinto, Tiago; Morais, Hugo

    2015-01-01

    , respecting to the reality of different countries. This integration is done through the development of an upper ontology which integrates the essential concepts necessary to interpret all the available information. The continuous development of Multi-Agent System for Competitive Electricity Markets platform......The electricity market restructuring, and its worldwide evolution into regional and even continental scales, along with the increasing necessity for an adequate integration of renewable energy sources, is resulting in a rising complexity in power systems operation. Several power system simulators...... have been developed in recent years with the purpose of helping operators, regulators, and involved players to understand and deal with this complex and constantly changing environment. The main contribution of this paper is given by the integration of several electricity market and power system models...

  1. A Grid Based Cooperative Co-evolutionary Multi-Objective Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fard, Sepehr Meshkinfam; Hamzeh, Ali; Ziarati, Koorush

    In this paper, a well performing approach in the context of Multi-Objective Evolutionary Algorithm (MOEA) is investigated due to its complexity. This approach called NSCCGA is based on previously introduced approach called NSGA-II. NSCCGA performs better than NSGA-II but with a heavy load of computational complexity. Here, a novel approach called GBCCGA is introduced based on MOCCGA with some modifications. The main difference between GBCCGA and MOCCGA is in their niching technique which instead of the traditional sharing mechanism in MOCCGA, a novel grid-based technique is used in GBCCGA. The reported results show that GBCCGA performs roughly the same as NSCCGA but with very low computational complexity with respect to the original MOCCGA.

  2. LEO cooperative multi-spacecraft refueling mission optimization considering J2 perturbation and target's surplus propellant constraint

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zhao; Zhang, Jin; Li, Hai-yang; Zhou, Jian-yong

    2017-01-01

    The optimization of an LEO cooperative multi-spacecraft refueling mission considering the J2 perturbation and target's surplus propellant constraint is studied in the paper. First, a mission scenario is introduced. One service spacecraft and several target spacecraft run on an LEO near-circular orbit, the service spacecraft rendezvouses with some service positions one by one, and target spacecraft transfer to corresponding service positions respectively. Each target spacecraft returns to its original position after obtaining required propellant and the service spacecraft returns to its original position after refueling all target spacecraft. Next, an optimization model of this mission is built. The service sequence, orbital transfer time, and service position are used as deign variables, whereas the propellant cost is used as the design objective. The J2 perturbation, time constraint and the target spacecraft's surplus propellant capability constraint are taken into account. Then, a hybrid two-level optimization approach is presented to solve the formulated mixed integer nonlinear programming (MINLP) problem. A hybrid-encoding genetic algorithm is adopted to seek the near optimal solution in the up-level optimization, while a linear relative dynamic equation considering the J2 perturbation is used to obtain the impulses of orbital transfer in the low-level optimization. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed model and method is validated by numerical examples.

  3. A Non-Cooperative Approach to the Joint Subcarrier and Power Allocation Problem in Multi-Service SCFDMA Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. E. Tsiropoulou

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a joint resource allocation problem is studied in a multi-service Single Carrier FDMA (SC-FDMA wireless network. Mobile users request various services with different Quality of Service (QoS characteristics and they determine in a distributed and non-cooperative manner a joint subcarrier and power allocation towards fulfilling their QoS prerequisites. Initially, a well-designed utility function is formulated to appropriately represent users’ diverse QoS prerequisites with respect to their requested service. The subcarriers allocation problem is solved based on a multilateral bargaining model, where users are able to select different discount factors to enter the bargaining game, thus better expressing their different needs in system resources with respect to their requested service. The subcarriers mapping is realized based either on the localized SC-FDMA method where the subcarriers are sequentially allocated to the users or the distributed SC-FDMA via considering the maximum channel gain policy, where each subcarrier is allocated to the user with the maximum channel gain. Given the subcarriers assignment, an optimization problem with respect to users’ uplink transmission power is formulated and solved, in order to determine the optimal power allocation per subcarrier assigned to each user. Finally, the performance of the proposed framework is evaluated via modeling and simulation and extensive numerical results are presented.

  4. Knowledge extraction algorithm for variances handling of CP using integrated hybrid genetic double multi-group cooperative PSO and DPSO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Gang; Jiang, Zhibin; Diao, Xiaodi; Yao, Yang

    2012-04-01

    Although the clinical pathway (CP) predefines predictable standardized care process for a particular diagnosis or procedure, many variances may still unavoidably occur. Some key index parameters have strong relationship with variances handling measures of CP. In real world, these problems are highly nonlinear in nature so that it's hard to develop a comprehensive mathematic model. In this paper, a rule extraction approach based on combing hybrid genetic double multi-group cooperative particle swarm optimization algorithm (PSO) and discrete PSO algorithm (named HGDMCPSO/DPSO) is developed to discovery the previously unknown and potentially complicated nonlinear relationship between key parameters and variances handling measures of CP. Then these extracted rules can provide abnormal variances handling warning for medical professionals. Three numerical experiments on Iris of UCI data sets, Wisconsin breast cancer data sets and CP variances data sets of osteosarcoma preoperative chemotherapy are used to validate the proposed method. When compared with the previous researches, the proposed rule extraction algorithm can obtain the high prediction accuracy, less computing time, more stability and easily comprehended by users, thus it is an effective knowledge extraction tool for CP variances handling.

  5. 基于拍卖算法的多机协同火力分配%Multi-aircraft cooperative fire assignment based on auction algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    费爱国; 张陆游; 丁前军

    2012-01-01

    为解决超视距协同空战中的多机协同火力分配问题,首先建立了空战威胁估计和空战优势估计模型,构建了多机协同火力分配的数学模型.其次基于多智能体拍卖算法,提出了一种分布式的多机协同火力分配方法,该方法同时考虑了火力分配的效益和代价,能在较短的时间内给出较为合理的协同火力分配方案,具有计算量小、通信量低、动态性以及实时性好等特点,可应用于解决多机协同火力分配中的资源分配、冲突消解等协作问题.最后,通过仿真实验证明了该方法的合理性和有效性.%In order to solve the question of multi-aircraft cooperative fire assignment during beyond-visual-range cooperative air combat, firstly, the air combat threaten estimation model and superiority estimation model are built, and the mathematical model for multi-aircraft cooperative fire assignment is established. Secondly, based on the auction algorithm of the multi-agent system theory, a new distributed multi-aircraft cooperative fire assignment method is brought forward, and the fire assignment gain and cost are simultaneously considered. This method can get a reasonable cooperative fire assignment scheme within a short time, and has a low computation and communication burden, good dynamics and real-time characteristics. It can be used to solve the question of resource assignment and conflict elimination for the multi-aircraft cooperative fire assignment. Finally, the simulation results show that the method is reasonable and valid.

  6. Immune multi-agent model using vaccine for cooperative air-defense system of systems for surface warship formation based on danger theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun Wang; Xiaozhe Zhao; Beiping Xu; Wei Wang; Zhiyong Niu

    2013-01-01

    Aiming at the problem on cooperative air-defense of surface warship formation, this paper maps the cooperative air-defense system of systems (SoS) for surface warship formation (CASoSSWF) to the biological immune system (BIS) according to the similarity of the defense mechanism and characteristics be-tween the CASoSSWF and the BIS, and then designs the mo-dels of components and the architecture for a monitoring agent, a regulating agent, a kil er agent, a pre-warning agent and a com-municating agent by making use of the theories and methods of the artificial immune system, the multi-agent system (MAS), the vaccine and the danger theory (DT). Moreover a new immune multi-agent model using vaccine based on DT (IMMUVBDT) for the cooperative air-defense SoS is advanced. The immune response and immune mechanism of the CASoSSWF are analyzed. The model has a capability of memory, evolution, commendable dy-namic environment adaptability and self-learning, and embodies adequately the cooperative air-defense mechanism for the CA-SoSSWF. Therefore it shows a novel idea for the CASoSSWF which can provide conception models for a surface warship forma-tion operation simulation system.

  7. 模型驱动的复杂人机系统过程建模仿真方法%Model driven process modeling and simulation of complex man-machine systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷永林; 朱一凡; 谭跃进; 杨峰; 姚剑

    2016-01-01

    Complex man-machine systems (CMMS),as one of the most challenging areas in the field of sys-tems engineering,encompass complex technological machine behavior,cognitive decision-making behavior,and collaborative man-machine interaction behavior.In many cases,modeling and simulation (M&S)is the only via-ble approach to analyze the performance and effectiveness of CMMS.Various behavior and process modeling and representation methods applied to CMMS are briefed.Taking complex systems and their engagement-level com-bating as an representative example of CMMS,a behavior and process modeling framework featured with a physical-cognitive-structural separation is proposed based on the model driven development (MDD)paradigm.A set of modeling technologies including multiple formalism modeling and domain-specific modeling are employed to better design the simulation models of CMMS behavior and process.The proposed model driven modeling methodology is also applicable to the behavior and process modeling and simulation of other CMMS.%复杂人机系统涉及复杂的技术系统过程、认知决策过程以及人机协同过程,是当前系统工程研究最具挑战的领域之一。建模仿真在很多情况下是分析复杂人机系统过程性能效能的唯一可行选择。分析了复杂人机系统过程建模以及系统仿真模型表示的主要方法。结合平台级作战过程建模应用问题,给出了一种物理域、认知域、模型框架三分的复杂人机系统过程建模框架。在模型驱动方法的指导下,综合运用多方法建模、领域特定建模等方法讨论了复杂人机系统过程仿真模型设计问题。对其他领域的复杂人机系统过程建模仿真问题研究具有示范意义。

  8. When Triple Helix Unravels: A Multi-Case Analysis of Failures in Industry-University Cooperative Research Centres

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Denis; Sundstrom, Eric; Tornatzky, Louis G.; McGowen, Lindsey

    2011-01-01

    Cooperative research centres (CRCs) increasingly foster Triple Helix (industry-university-government) collaboration and represent significant vehicles for cooperation across sectors, the promotion of knowledge and technology transfer and ultimately the acceleration of innovation. A growing social science literature on CRCs focuses on their…

  9. Multi-Sensor Detection with Particle Swarm Optimization for Time-Frequency Coded Cooperative WSNs Based on MC-CDMA for Underground Coal Mines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Jingjing; Yang, Wei; Zhang, Linyuan; Han, Ruisong; Shao, Xiaotao

    2015-08-27

    In this paper, a wireless sensor network (WSN) technology adapted to underground channel conditions is developed, which has important theoretical and practical value for safety monitoring in underground coal mines. According to the characteristics that the space, time and frequency resources of underground tunnel are open, it is proposed to constitute wireless sensor nodes based on multicarrier code division multiple access (MC-CDMA) to make full use of these resources. To improve the wireless transmission performance of source sensor nodes, it is also proposed to utilize cooperative sensors with good channel conditions from the sink node to assist source sensors with poor channel conditions. Moreover, the total power of the source sensor and its cooperative sensors is allocated on the basis of their channel conditions to increase the energy efficiency of the WSN. To solve the problem that multiple access interference (MAI) arises when multiple source sensors transmit monitoring information simultaneously, a kind of multi-sensor detection (MSD) algorithm with particle swarm optimization (PSO), namely D-PSO, is proposed for the time-frequency coded cooperative MC-CDMA WSN. Simulation results show that the average bit error rate (BER) performance of the proposed WSN in an underground coal mine is improved significantly by using wireless sensor nodes based on MC-CDMA, adopting time-frequency coded cooperative transmission and D-PSO algorithm with particle swarm optimization.

  10. Multi-Sensor Detection with Particle Swarm Optimization for Time-Frequency Coded Cooperative WSNs Based on MC-CDMA for Underground Coal Mines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingjing Xu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a wireless sensor network (WSN technology adapted to underground channel conditions is developed, which has important theoretical and practical value for safety monitoring in underground coal mines. According to the characteristics that the space, time and frequency resources of underground tunnel are open, it is proposed to constitute wireless sensor nodes based on multicarrier code division multiple access (MC-CDMA to make full use of these resources. To improve the wireless transmission performance of source sensor nodes, it is also proposed to utilize cooperative sensors with good channel conditions from the sink node to assist source sensors with poor channel conditions. Moreover, the total power of the source sensor and its cooperative sensors is allocated on the basis of their channel conditions to increase the energy efficiency of the WSN. To solve the problem that multiple access interference (MAI arises when multiple source sensors transmit monitoring information simultaneously, a kind of multi-sensor detection (MSD algorithm with particle swarm optimization (PSO, namely D-PSO, is proposed for the time-frequency coded cooperative MC-CDMA WSN. Simulation results show that the average bit error rate (BER performance of the proposed WSN in an underground coal mine is improved significantly by using wireless sensor nodes based on MC-CDMA, adopting time-frequency coded cooperative transmission and D-PSO algorithm with particle swarm optimization.

  11. Design of Maritime Satellite Navigation Equipment Man-Machine Interactive Software Based on ReWorks Operating System%基于ReWorks操作系统海用卫星导航设备人机交互软件开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    针对海用卫星导航设备人机交互软件,引入了ReWorks操作系统,研究了基于ReWorks的应用软件开发方法,使用ReDe开发环境和DirectX工具实现了海用卫星导航设备人机交互软件的设计开发,最后工程实践表明其正确性和有效性。%According to maritime satellite navigation equipment man-machine interactive software, ReWorks operating system is introduced, software development methods Based on ReWorks operating system is studied, maritime satellite navigation equipment man-machine interactive software design is realized by using the development environment of ReDe and DirectX tool. The final project application proved its correctness and effectiveness.

  12. Time-cooperative distributed guidance law design for multi-missiles%多导弹时间协同分布式导引律设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马国欣; 张友安

    2014-01-01

    To achieve the cooperative attack against a same target for multi-missiles, an approach to design the time-cooperative distributed guidance law is proposed, which is applicable to the situation with or without angular constraint. With each missile subsystem as a homogeneous network node, the time-cooperative guidance model for multi-missiles is built, which takes each missile’s time-to-go plus designated bias as the outputs. The distributed control scheme of the system is designed to reduce the difference among the outputs of subsystems. The communication topology condition to guarantee the time-cooperativeness of multi-missiles is given by analyzing the features of the homing guidance of missile with consideration of the convergence condition of the general cooperative control system. Finally, simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed approach.%为了实现多导弹协同攻击同一目标,提出一种时间协同分布式导引律设计方法,该方法对于无角度约束和有角度约束的情况均适用。首先,以各导弹子系统作为网络同构节点建立了多导弹时间协同制导模型,该模型以各导弹剩余时间信息附加预定偏置量为输出;然后,以调整子系统间输出误差为目的,设计了系统的分布式控制方案,并结合一般协同控制系统的收敛性条件,分析了导弹寻的导引的特殊性,给出了保证多导弹时间协同的通信拓扑条件;最后,通过仿真结果验证了所提出方法的有效性。

  13. Modeling for cooperative sports based on multi-agent system%一种基于多Agent系统的协同竞技模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王秋茸

    2013-01-01

    现代竞技体系是个开放系统,具有博弈与协同的显著特征.针对当前体育协同理论以经验指导居多的情形,引入信息科学的分析手段,并在此基础上,通过现代体育竞技中的平台体系博弈分析,引出竞技主体间的协同问题,通过协同竞技的特点分析,利用信息技术中的Agent技术,提出基于多Agent协同竞技模型,并通过引入代价函数给出了协同竞技中基于代价考虑的平台重组问题求解.该模型可以提高综合竞技平台实验的柔性化、自动化和智能化水平.%Modern sports are an open system,with game and cooperation being its two main features.In view of the existing situation that sports cooperation theory mostly depends on guidance from experience,information analysis is introduced in this article.The cooperation relationship between game parts is drawn forth through the gaming analysis of modern sports.The technology of agent is applied to propose a model for cooperative sports based on multi-agent system by analyzing the features of cooperative sports.In addition,the algorithm of platform reconfiguration in terms of costs is provided through introducing costs function.This model can promote the flexibility,automation and intelligence of the platform experiment of all-round sports.

  14. The driver in the 21st century. Demands, applications, aspects of man-machine systems. Lectures; Der Fahrer im 21. Jahrhundert. Anforderungen, Anwendungen, Aspekte fuer Mensch-Maschine-Systeme. Plenarvortraege

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    A high grade of mobility is the basis of our economic development. The innovations in the automotive- and deliver industry lead to different fulfillments of customer expectations on vehicle operation. Also in the railway sector increasing requirements on the operators involve a change of view within design of man-machine interfaces. The transmission of information and transfer of reactions require advanced and balanced concepts for operating and monitoring of modern automobiles. The integral connection of competence in technology, design and ergonomics, sense- and traffic psychology as well as legal problems lead to new challenges and possibilities. (GL) [German] Der Fahrer im 21. Jahrhundert - Anforderungen, Anwendungen, Aspekte fuer Mensch-Maschine-Systeme - unter diesem Motto wird die interessante Fachtagung ''Der Fahrer im 21. Jahrhundert'' fortgefuehrt. Ein hohes Mass an Mobilitaet ist Grundlage unserer wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung. Die Innovationen in der Automobil- und Zuliefererindustrie fuehren zu einer differenzierten Erfuellung der Kundenerwartungen an die Bedienung der Fahrzeuge. Auch im Bereich Bahn bedingen die steigenden Anforderungen an die Fahrzeugfuehrer ein Umdenken bei der Gestaltung der Mensch-Maschine-Schnittstelle. Die Vermittlung von Informationen und die Umsetzung adaequater Reaktionen erfordern neue und ausgewogene Konzepte fuer das Bedienen und Beobachten moderner Fahrzeuge. Die integrale Verbindung von Kompetenz in Technologie, Design und Ergonomie, Wahrnehmungs- und Verkehrspsychologie sowie rechtlichen Fragestellungen fuehren hier zu neuen Herausforderungen und Moeglichkeiten. Die Tagung moechte wieder visionaere Loesungsansaetze aufzeigen und auch das Machbare diskutieren. Nutzen Sie die Gelegenheit, mit namhaften Referenten aus Industrie und Wissenschaft, Fach- und Fuehrungskraeften zu sprechen und auf dieser Veranstaltung neue Bedien- und Informationskonzepte, Teilloesungen fuer die unterschiedlichen Fahraufgaben

  15. 基于ARM和Linux的埋弧焊自动控制系统人机界面设计%Design of Man-machine Interface of SAW Control System Based on ARM and Linux

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文明; 鞠洪涛; 刘鸿钧

    2011-01-01

    The disadvantages of traditional SAW control system was analyzed. A new kind of man-machine interface for them was designed The control core of the system is S3C2440A, a kind of ARM 9 processor which is made by Samsung Electronics Co.Ltd, and a 640*480 TFT LCD was used. This design transplanted an embedded Linux on the basis of hardware, and how to develop a GUI (Graphical User Interface) with the help of Qt and its C++ class library was introduced. The operators can input the welding parameters, control and even monitor the welding process. This design can achieve the functions such as saving parameters, drawing parameters graphics, abnormalities alarm and outputting VGA signals.%分析了传统埋弧焊控制系统的弊端,并设计了一种新型的埋弧焊控制系统的人机界面.控制核心采用了三星公司的ARM9处理器S3C2440A,使用640*480的TFT液晶显示器.在硬件的基础上移植了嵌入式Linux操作系统,并详细介绍了使用Qt提供的C++类库设计图形用户界面的方法.操作人员可以通过菜单和对话框等形式对焊接过程进行参数输入、过程控制和监视.可以实现焊接参数的保存、监视、绘制参数变化图像、出差报警、VGA输出等功能.

  16. 基于工效学的舰桥人机界面数字化评估系统%Man-machine interfaces digital assessment system for bridge based on ergonomics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余昆; 颜声远

    2011-01-01

    The digital human model of Chinese was developed,and the assessment indexes system was constructed based on hierarchy analysis method.The bottom assessment indexes were extracted from related ergonomic standards,and the indexes weights were determined.The quantizing methods of assessment indexes were studied,and a fuzzy theory based quantizing model was developed for qualitative indexes.The digital assessment system for bridge was developed by using UG/Open.The mentioned digital human model,assessment indexes system,quantizing model and standards were integrated into the assessment system.With employing the digital design function of Unigraphics NX,the assessment system can complete the man-machine interfaces assessment and improvement work just during the design phase.%开发用于人机界面评估的数字化中国人体模型,根据层次分析法原理构建舰桥人机界面评估指标体系;依据相关工效学设计准则,提取底层评估指标,并确定指标在评估体系中的权重值;研究定量和定性指标的量化方法,建立基于模糊理论的定性指标量化方法模型.采用UG/Open开发数字化的评估系统,集成人体模型、评估指标体系、指标量化方法及设计准则等.评估系统融合了Unigraphics NX数字化设计功能,实现了在设计阶段即完成舰桥人机界面的评估和改进工作.

  17. Modernization of the subsystem man-machine interface for operation of the combined cycle central of Gomez Palacio; Modernizacion del subsistema de interfaz hombre-maquina para operacion de la central de ciclo combinado de Gomez Palacio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rivas S, Alfonso; Uribe B, Carlos E; Alvarez C, Victor [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)

    2002-07-01

    In order to take care of the modernization of the Combined Cycle Central of Gomez Palacio (CCCGP) of the Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE), through the Management of Supervision of Processes (GSP) developed the subsystem of Interface Man-Machine (IMM), to replace the workstations that are deteriorated and obsolete by personal computers, maintaining the same functions of the IMM of the present system, including the management and processing functions that at the present time another system makes. Also, to replace the equipment of the concentrators of communications by a PC with greater capacity, than allows improving in general the flexibility and robustness of the system. Among the main functions integrated in the IMM subsystem there are: the communications master with the controllers (equipment SAC), redundancy of servers, database, historical registry storage, alarm management, tabulations, tendency graphs in real time and historical, process diagrams and Control Panels. [Spanish] Con el objeto de atender las necesidades de modernizacion de la Central de Ciclo Combinado Gomez Palacio (CCCGP) de la Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), el Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE), a traves de la Gerencia de Supervision de Procesos (GSP) desarrollo el subsistema de Interfaz Hmbre-Maquina (IHM), para reemplazar las estaciones de trabajo que se encuentran deterioradas y obsoletas por computadoras personales, manteniendo las mismas funciones de la IHM del sistema actual, incluyendo las funciones de administracion y procesamiento que en la actualidad realiza otro sistema. Asimismo, para reemplazar los equipos de los concentradores de comunicaciones por PC con mayor capacidad, que permitan mejorar la flexibilidad y robustez del sistema en general. Entre las principales funciones integradas en el subsistema de IHM se encuentran: el Maestro de comunicaciones con los controladores (equipo SAC), redundancia de

  18. 基于Multi-Agent技术的机械产品协同设计原理与应用%Principle and Application of Mechanical Product Cooperation Design Based on Multi-Agent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓兵; 殷国富; 王经卓; 郭文胜

    2001-01-01

    Aimed at the feature of mechanical product distributed and heterogeneous cooperation design methods of building of cooperation design cell and integration of heterogeneous design environment are presented by using Multi-Agent technology. Mechanical product design activity is realized in timely cooperation of different levels, stages and locations and real time exchange of information in process of mechanical product design is also accomplished to shorten the period of developing products and improving quality of product design. The pump net cooperation design system has realized sharing of design information and resource of various pump parts.%针对机械产品分布式异构环境下的协同设计的特点,提出应用Multi-Agent原理在机械产品异地协同设计过程中的协同设计单元构造、异构设计环境集成的方法.在机械产品开发过程中,使处于不同层次、不同阶段、分布在不同地点的设计活动实现及时协调和实时信息交互,最终达到缩短产品开发时间、提高产品设计质量的目的.在水泵网络协同设计系统中,实现了水泵不同部件之间设计信息和设计资源的共享.

  19. Assessing the value of cooperation and information exchange in large water resources systems by multi-agent optimization: the Zambezi river case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giuliani, M.; Castelletti, A.

    2012-04-01

    Many large-scale water resources systems are characterized by the presence of several and conflicting interests and are often managed by many independent decision-makers, belonging to different institutions or countries, who take into account only their own objectives causing downstream externalities. In this work we explore the use of multi-agent systems theory to conduct an optimization-based analysis of different levels of cooperation and information exchange in the large water reservoir system of the Zambezi River. The four largest reservoirs in the basin (Ithezhithezhi, Kafue-Gorge, Kariba and Cahora Bassa) are mainly operated for maximizing the economic revenue from hydropower energy production with considerably negative effects on the aquatic ecosystem in the Zambezi delta. We comparatively analyse the ideal situation in which a central decision-maker optimizes a global optimum and the more realistic case where all the decision-makers act independently and non-cooperatively. We then investigate how increasing levels of information exchange can help in mitigating the conflict generated by a non-cooperative setting.

  20. 基于虚拟环境的多操作者多机器人协作遥操作系统%Virtual Environment-Based Multi-Operator Multi-Robot Cooperative Teleoperation System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马良; 闫继宏; 赵杰; 陈志峰

    2011-01-01

    A virtual environment-based multi-operator multi-robot cooperative teleoperation system is proposed, and the software framework of control system with three layered C/S (client/server) structure is adopted.The model of distributed virtual environment is built according to work scene of the experimental platform for accomplishing distributed control of multiple robots by multiple operators.Based on the structure of multi-operator multi-robot teleoperation system, a method based on local lag is presented to realize consistency control in distributed virtual environment, and the problems of clock synchronization, lag time and state repairing in teleoperation system are overcome.Finally, multi-robot cooperative control experiment including different types of cooperation is conducted on the proposed platform, and interaction between the operator and virtual environment is achieved.The operator interacts with virtual environment, observes the task environment and controls the robots in real time with the aid of real-time multi-video image feedback and force feedback, and completes the given task safely and efficiently, which verifies the reasonability and feasibility of the system.%建立了基于虚拟环境的多操作者多机器人协作遥操作系统,采用3层C/S结构的控制系统软件构架.根据实验系统平台工作场景对分布式虚拟环境进行建模,以实现多操作者对多机器人的分布式控制.结合多操作者多机器人遥操作系统的结构特点,采用本地滞后原理对分布式虚拟环境的一致性控制进行了研究,解决了遥操作系统一致性控制中时钟同步、滞后时间、状态修复等问题.最后在提出的系统平台上进行了不同协作类型的多机器人协调控制实验,操作者与虚拟环境进行交互,在力反馈及实时多视频图像反馈辅助下,实时地观察作业环境并控制机器人运动,安全、高效地完成了作业任务,验证了该系统的合理性和有效性.

  1. 基于Z形式化规范的多Agent协作模型研究%A Multi-Agent Cooperation Model Based on Z Formal Specification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴芳; 张洁; 郝丽波

    2012-01-01

    A formal specification language Z is used to define the basic elements in the Multi-Agent cooperation model, including the agent, the goal, the role, the interactive protocol and the process. Then, the authors present the consistent constraints that it must satisfy, and demonstrate with the logistics dispatch system of chain malls within the city region that the formal specification can support the consistency and continuity of the multi-Agent cooperation.%用形式化规范语言Z定义了多Agent协作模型的基本元素,包括:Agent、目标、角色、交互协议和过程,给出了应满足的一致性约束,并通过城市区域的连锁超市物流调度系统说明了该形式化规范为多Agent协作提供了一致性和连贯性.

  2. 基于EMRP算法的多UAV协同航迹规划%Cooperative Path Planning Based on EMRP Algorithm for Multi-UAVs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亮; 鲁艺; 徐安; 胡智先; 周帅; 何海波

    2011-01-01

    A path planning method based on the hierarchical decomposition strategy was proposed for multi-UAV cooperative path planning in the battle field. First, the planning space was obtained by means of skeletonization algorithm, and K backup paths were generated for each UAV based on Evolutionary Multiple Route Planner (EMRP) algorithm. The EMRP algorithm was used together with mathematical morphology for solving the problem of multi-UAV cooperative path planning. The initial paths generated were smoothed,and the feasible paths that satisfied the maneuvering requirement of the UAV was obtained. Then a cooperative planning model was established, which could plan a feasible path for each UAV, which meeted both the requirements of time-coordination and the minimum cost. The simulation shows that this method is viable.%为解决作战环境中的多无人机协同航迹规划问题,提出一种基于层次分解策略的航迹规划方法.通过骨架化算法生成规划空间,利用基于进化计算的多航迹规划(EMRP)算法为各UAV找到K条备用航迹,实现了利用EMRP算法与数学形态学相结合解决多UAV协同航迹规划问题,并对生成的初始航迹进行平滑处理,得到满足UAV机动要求的可行航迹.然后建立协同模型,为各无人机规划出既能满足时间协同要求,又能满足整体代价最优的可行航迹.仿真袁明了该种方法的可行性.

  3. Cooperative area search algorithm for multi-UAVs in uncertainty environment%不确定环境下多无人机协同区域搜索算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    符小卫; 魏广伟; 高晓光

    2016-01-01

    In order to study the impact of communication constraints on cooperative area search for multi-unmanned aerial vehicle (UAVs)in uncertainty environment,a novel method of multi-UAVs cooperative area search algorithm is presented,which is based on the thoughts of predictive and control.Firstly,the UAV dy-namic model and the cooperative search model are established based on the behavior rules of multi-UAVs coo-perative search.Secondly,the impact of communication constraints on the multi-UAVs cooperative area search is analyzed.Combined with the predictive and control thoughts,multi-UAVs must consider both the current search cost and future search cost when they carry out the cooperative search mission to improve the cooperative search efficiency of multi-UAVs.The Monte Carlo method is employed to validate the impact of different com-munication distances and angles on the multi-UAVs cooperative area search.The simulation results show the rationality and validity of the multi-UAVs cooperative area search algorithm.%针对通信约束在不确定环境下对多无人机协同区域搜索问题的影响,提出了一种基于预测控制思想的多无人机协同区域搜索算法,研究各种通信约束对多无人机协同区域搜索效能的影响。首先,根据多无人机协同搜索的行为准则建立了无人机运动模型和搜索模型。其次,分析了通信约束对于多无人机协同搜索的影响,结合预测控制思想,使多无人机在执行区域搜索任务时同时考虑当前搜索代价和长期搜索代价,提高了多无人机的协同搜索效能。使用蒙特卡罗方法对各种情况进行仿真,仿真结果验证了基于预测控制的多无人机协同区域搜索算法的合理性和有效性。

  4. Multi-Level Evaluation of Cooperative Research Centers: Bridging between the Triple Helix and the Science of Team Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Denis O.; Sundstrom, Eric

    2010-01-01

    Two emergent conceptual models for fostering the development of innovative technology through applied science at Cooperative Research Centers (CRCs)--the Triple Helix and the science of team science--have proved highly productive in stimulating research into how the innovation process works. Although the two arenas for fostering innovation have…

  5. Rough set based multi-agent system cooperation for industrial supervisory interface system%基于粗糙集理论的工控界面多智能体协作模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王滔; 费敏锐; 雷电

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, rough set theory is introduced into the interface multi-agent system (MAS) for industrial supervisory system.Taking advantages of rough set in data mining, a cooperation model for MAS is built. Rules for avoiding cooperation conflict are deduced. An optimization algorithm is used to enhance security and real time attributes of the system. An application based on the proposed algorithm and rules are given.

  6. A multi-aircraft cooperative UAV observe and control system%一种多机协同无人机测控系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘蓉; 肖颖峰

    2016-01-01

    The new low-cost observe and control system of multi-aircraft cooperative Unmanned Aerial Vehicle(UAV) is designed. The Time Division Duplex(TDD) protocol is adopted to resolve the problem that half-duplex communication is transformed to full-duplex communication between data radios at zerocost, then it can realize the application of single carrier full-duplex control mode based on data radio. This system adapts to the development trend of miniaturization and low-cost for observe and control system. The communication mode of time-division multiple address based on heartbeat is designed to reduce the synchronization error. It can resolve the problem that telemetry data is blocked up in the same frequency channel for many flights, and create favorable conditions for multi task control on the same screen for multi-aircraft cooperative UAV.%设计了一种低成本多机协同无人机(UAV)测控系统。该系统采用时分双工(TDD)通信协议,零成本解决了数据电台间通信半双工转全双工的难题,实现了基于数据电台的单载波全双工测控方式在无人机上的应用,适应了测控系统小型化低成本的发展趋势;采用心跳同步式时分多址通信方法,有效降低了同步误差,解决了多架无人机同频段遥测数据堵塞问题,为多机协同作战无人机的同屏多任务操控创造了有利条件。

  7. Display Technology Research of Gun Loading System in 3D and Real-time Man-machine Interface%火炮装填系统实时三维人机界面显示技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张瑞霞; 魏宁波; 郑海鹏; 潘江峰

    2014-01-01

    A kind of man-machine interface that can display the gun loading system in 3D real-time was de-signed to form a mode of 3D model &data drive by use of combining the traditional virtual prototype tech-nology with bus communication technology.Field sensor data were collected by means of CAN bus,and data process was performed according to communication protocols.Corresponding variable quantity of the component model with processed data were decided and thus to display the real-time running state of the current component model,and the virtual prototype can realize the accuracy and consistent virtual scene a-greed with the actual loading system at the operation terminal.This method can obtain the real-time dis-play effect of visualization,enhance the reality sense of operation staff as well as the authenticity and in-teractivity of combat command personnel,and greatly improve the practicability of the command automa-tion system.%实现了一种火炮装填系统三维实时显示的人机界面,将传统虚拟现实与总线通信技术结合起来,形成一种三维模型+数据驱动的模式。通过CAN总线采集现场传感器数据并根据通信协议进行数据处理,再将运算后的数据赋予部件模型对应的变量,使界面显示出当前部件模型的实时运行状态,从而在操作终端实现与实际装填系统状态准确一致的虚拟视景。此方法达到了可视化的实时显示效果,增强了操作手的真实感,以及作战指挥人员的真实性和交互性,提高了指挥自动化系统的实用性。

  8. Man-machine Interaction" or "Interpersonal Communication"%“人机交往”还是“人际交往”读屏时代青少年的同伴互动

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈钢

    2012-01-01

    “读屏”成为了越来越多青少年的“常规动作”和“生动表情”,青少年的同伴关系在种种屏幕面前也得以再造。电视屏幕为青少年展示了成人的后台景象,使青少年学习到许多人际交往模式以及相应的价值观念、行为方式。在网络虚拟世界中,青少年按照新的规则展开知识的传播、情感的交流、思想的撞击。学习如何同他人交往,并将这些交往技巧迁移到真实的社会情境中。手机作为“流动的现代性”的表征之一,重新结构着青少年的人际交往模式和社会关系网络。然而,青少年的社会需要不可能仅仅从抽象的“人机关系”中得到满足,“人机”关系自然不可能彻底取代“人际”关系。%"Screen reading" has become the "routine" and "vivid expression" of more and more young people. Peer relationships are undergoing a reshape phase in front of various screens. Television screens provide young people with a background picture of the adult world, in which they can learn different ways of handling I interpersonal relationships and the corresponding values and behaviors. In the virtual world, young people use internet to disperse knowledge, exchange feelings and ideas, as well as learn to interact with people. These communication skills can be transferred to real life thereafter. As one of the representations of "the flowing modernity", mobile phones reconstruct young people's interpersonal mode and social relations. However, these abstract "man-machine relationship" can not satisfy young people's need for social connection, let alone replace "interpersonal" relationship.

  9. 基于Agent的多层次多群体协同工作的建模%Model of Computer-Supported Multi-Level and Multi-Group Cooperative Work Based on Agent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑庆华; 李人厚

    2001-01-01

    在分析计算机支持的多层次多群体协同工作(CSMMCW)的需求和特点的基础上,提出了一种CSMMCW的5元组结构模式,以及基于多Agent的CSMMCW协作模型,并就Agent设计与实现中的主要问题,如Agent组成结构、通信机制等作了分析与探讨.所提出的模型在计算机支持的协同工作系统NetCoop以及多媒体远程教育系统MDLS中得到实际应用.%On the basis of the analysis of the features and requirements of computer-supported multilevel and multi-group cooperative work(CSMMCW),a new 5-tuple structural mode and the cooperative framework of CSMMCW based on multi-agent are proposed. Some key issues in the design and implementation of agent, such as the organization architecture and communication mechanism of the agent, are also analyzed and discussed. The model presented here has been applied and verified in the implementation of the computer-supported work system(NetCoop) and multimedia distance learning system.

  10. Distributed-observer-based cooperative control for synchronization of linear discrete-time multi-agent systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Hongjing; Zhang, Huaguang; Wang, Zhanshan

    2015-11-01

    This paper considers output synchronization of discrete-time multi-agent systems with directed communication topologies. The directed communication graph contains a spanning tree and the exosystem as its root. Distributed observer-based consensus protocols are proposed, based on the relative outputs of neighboring agents. A multi-step algorithm is presented to construct the observer-based protocols. In light of the discrete-time algebraic Riccati equation and internal model principle, synchronization problem is completed. At last, numerical simulation is provided to verify the effectiveness of the theoretical results.

  11. [Approaches for suicide prevention in Osaka Psychiatric Medical Center: the importance of multi-disciplinary cooperation and partnerships with other organizations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwata, Kazuhiko

    2012-01-01

    Suicide is a very common problem in psychiatric practice today. Therefore, almost all staff of psychiatric hospitals have encountered the suicide of one or more of their patients. Our hospital, Osaka Psychiatric Medical Center, is a public psychiatric hospital in Japan. We provide treatment and support for patients from the acute to chronic phases of psychiatric disorders, and patients range from children to the elderly. Because we accept many patients with severe mental illness from other hospitals, many of our staff are routinely confronted with patients' violence or suicidal attempts. If a patient commits suicide, the relevant staff immediately have a conference to implement measures for preventing a recurrence. At the same time, information about the incident is conveyed to the medical safety management office and made known to all staff in our hospital. This office was established in 2007. Currently, all information about incidents and accidents in our hospital (e.g., suicide, problems between patients, problems with hospital facilities) is aggregated in the office and distributed to all staff members through the hospital intranet. This system makes it possible for staff to consider countermeasures against similar incidents and accidents, even if not involved in the incident. Additionally, we make an effort to develop cooperative relationships with organizations including the police, public health centers, and the fire department. The social welfare council in Hirakata City, where our hospital is located, provides some services to prevent suicide (e.g., telephone counseling, meetings with bereaved family members). Our hospital cooperates with these services by providing lecturers. The partnerships with these organizations help regarding the mental crises of patients in our hospital and fulfill a role to prevent suicide. Multi-disciplinary cooperation and partnerships with community organizations are not special approaches to suicide prevention, but ordinary

  12. Time evolving multi-city dependencies and robustness tradeoffs for risk-based portfolios of conservation, transfers, and cooperative water supply infrastructure development pathways

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trindade, B. C.; Reed, P. M.; Zeff, H. B.; Characklis, G. W.

    2016-12-01

    Water scarcity in historically water-rich regions such as the southeastern United States is becoming a more prevalent concern. It has been shown that cooperative short-term planning that relies on conservation and transfers of existing supplies amongst communities can be used by water utilities to mitigate the effects of water scarcity in the near future. However, in the longer term, infrastructure expansion is likely to be necessary to address imbalances between growing water demands and the available supply capacity. This study seeks to better diagnose and avoid candidate modes for system failure. Although it is becoming more common for water utilities to evaluate the robustness of their water supply, defined as the insensitivity of their systems to errors in deeply uncertain projections or assumptions, defining robustness is particularly challenging in multi-stakeholder regional contexts for decisions that encompass short management actions and long-term infrastructure planning. Planning and management decisions are highly interdependent and strongly shape how a region's infrastructure itself evolves. This research advances the concept of system robustness by making it evolve over time rather than static, so that it is applicable to an adaptive system and therefore more suited for use for combined short and long-term planning efforts. The test case for this research is the Research Triangle area of North Carolina, where the cities of Raleigh, Durham, Cary and Chapel Hill are experiencing rapid population growth and increasing concerns over drought. This study is facilitating their engagement in cooperative and robust regional water portfolio planning. The insights from this work have general merit for regions where adjacent municipalities can benefit from improving cooperative infrastructure investments and more efficient resource management strategies.

  13. Multi-Agent Coordination and Cooperation in a Distributed Dynamic Environment with Limited Resources: Simulated Air Wars

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-11-01

    of agents [Lo, 1988; Parunak, 1987; Smith , 1980; Smith & Davis, 1981]. 2.1.2 Coordination Closely related to cooperation, coordination involves the...even compete with one another. One of the earliest, and perhaps best known, DAI coordination techniques is the contract net [Davis & Smith , 1983; Smith ...Aircraft Resources A/C Combat Factor Maximum Engagements Z=x A-toA A-to-G Enurance SedrA A-toA A-to-G F-01 5 0 3 8 3 0 F-02 10 0 4 8 3 0 F-03 15 0 5 10

  14. Stakeholder roles for fostering ambidexterity in Sub-Saharan African agricultural netchains for the emergence of multi-stakeholder cooperatives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pérez Perdomo, S.A.; Farrow, A.; Trienekens, J.H.; Omta, S.W.F.

    2015-01-01

    The Sub-Saharan African smallholder agricultural sector faces multiple and usually complex challenges, which can potentially be overcome by collective action. Smallholder farmers and other value chain stakeholders can tackle temporal, structural and contextual challenges by joining multi-level innov

  15. Content Adaptation Service Oriented to Multi-network and Multi-terminal Cooperation%面向多网多终端协同的内容适配服务

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫焕杰; 徐名海; 顾海

    2012-01-01

    目前的内容适配技术主要从单网络单终端角度出发,未考虑当前及未来可能的网络运营模式.为解决设备能力和多媒体内容/服务不匹配问题,引入内容适配技术,提出一种面向多网多终端协同的内容适配技术.通过引入本体建模技术,将复杂的多网多终端环境化分为单网单终端、单网多终端和多网单终端3种情况,并采用逻辑决策和物理决策的两级决策方案,实现多网多终端协同的内容适配服务,从而完善单网单终端向多网多终端的过渡.应用结果表明,该内容适配模型可解决终端能力和多媒体内容/服务不匹配问题.%Current content adaptation technology based on single network or terminal at present doesn not take network business model presenting now and future into account. Content adaptation service, which is pushed by the mismatch between capabilities of devices and multimedia content/service, is brought into academic and industry. This paper proposes a new content adaptation service which is oriented to the multi-network and multi-terminal cooperative. It divides multi-network and multi-terminal into single network single terminal, single network multi-terminal and multi-network single terminal based on ontology modeling technology, and accomplishes the content adaptation service using two-hierarchy decisions------logic decision and physical decision, and the transition from single network single terminal to multi-network multi-terminal. Application results show that the content adaptation model can solve the mismatch between capabilities of terminals and multimedia content/service.

  16. Application of Sensor Fusion in Multi-robot Cooperative Localization%传感器融合在多机器人合作定位中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘显荣

    2011-01-01

    Robot localization is the premise of other robot research,such as environment explore and motion coordination.Inspired by information fusion ,a novel multi-robot cooperative localization technology is presented, which fuses the robot's multiple sensor data. First, the basic motion form of the two-wheel robot was modeled, and the relative observing formula was built aiming at the ultrasonic sensor. Then filtering and first-level fusion were applied to robots proprioceptive and exteroceptive sensors respectively,by which obtained the robot's proprioceptive location data and relative observing data.Finally, the robot's proprioceptive location data and observing data were fused by extension kalman filter (EKF),and the multi-robot cooperative localization was implemented. Experiment result demonstrates this cooperative localization technology can get the robots to form landmarks for each other,eliminate the accumulate error from encoder,and improve the robot localization accuracy efficiently.%机器人的定位技术是进行机器人环境探索、协调运动研究的前提,从信息融合的思想出发,提出了一种融合多传感器信息的合作定位技术.首先,对两轮机器人的基本运动形式进行建模,并针对超声波传感器建立了机器人之间的相对观测方程.然后,分别对机器人的内、外部传感器进行滤波和第一级融合,得到自身位姿和相对观测信息.最后,利用扩展卡尔曼滤波(EKF)融合机器人的自身位姿和观测信息,实现多机器人的合作定位.实验结果表明,本合作定位能够使机器人之间互为路标,消除码盘定位的累积误差,有效地提高机器人定位精度.

  17. Multi-Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Cooperative Fault Detection Employing Differential Global Positioning (DGPS), Inertial and Vision Sensors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heredia, Guillermo; Caballero, Fernando; Maza, Iván; Merino, Luis; Viguria, Antidio; Ollero, Aníbal

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a method to increase the reliability of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) sensor Fault Detection and Identification (FDI) in a multi-UAV context. Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) and inertial sensors are used for sensor FDI in each UAV. The method uses additional position estimations that augment individual UAV FDI system. These additional estimations are obtained using images from the same planar scene taken from two different UAVs. Since accuracy and noise level of the estimation depends on several factors, dynamic replanning of the multi-UAV team can be used to obtain a better estimation in case of faults caused by slow growing errors of absolute position estimation that cannot be detected by using local FDI in the UAVs. Experimental results with data from two real UAVs are also presented.

  18. Solar project description: South Bridge Towers no. 6 multi-family cooperative, New York City, New York

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    The South Bridge Towers, Inc. solar energy system is a high-rise cooperative apartments subdivision located in New York City, New York. The solar energy collector subsystem is located on the roof of the 27-story tower and consists of 150 flat plate collectors arranged in six arrays. The collectors have a total gross area of 3790 square feed and a net aperture area of 3150 square feet. The collectors are inclined at an angle of 40 deg to horizontal, and oriented to face 14 degrees west of south. Solar energy is stored in a 4000 gallon carbon steel tank located on the tower roof. The system uses a solar energy transport medium of one-half water and one-half propylene glycol in the collector loop. Solar energy, gathered in the collector loop, is transferred to the domestic water storage subsystem by circulating the water through the collector loop heat exchanger and the storage tank.

  19. Development towards a global operational aerosol consensus: basic climatological characteristics of the International Cooperative for Aerosol Prediction Multi-Model Ensemble (ICAP-MME)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sessions, W. R.; Reid, J. S.; Benedetti, A.; Colarco, P. R.; da Silva, A.; Lu, S.; Sekiyama, T.; Tanaka, T. Y.; Baldasano, J. M.; Basart, S.; Brooks, M. E.; Eck, T. F.; Iredell, M.; Hansen, J. A.; Jorba, O. C.; Juang, H.-M. H.; Lynch, P.; Morcrette, J.-J.; Moorthi, S.; Mulcahy, J.; Pradhan, Y.; Razinger, M.; Sampson, C. B.; Wang, J.; Westphal, D. L.

    2014-06-01

    Over the past several years, there has been a rapid development in the number and quality of global aerosol models intended for operational forecasting use. Indeed, most centers with global numerical weather prediction (NWP) capabilities have some program for aerosol prediction. These aerosol models typically have differences in their underlying meteorology as well as aerosol sources, sinks, microphysics and transformations. However, like similar diversity in aerosol climate models, the aerosol forecast models have fairly similar overall bulk error statistics for aerosol optical thickness (AOT)-one of the few aerosol metrics that is globally available. Experience in climate and weather prediction has shown that in situations such as this where there are several independent models, a multi-model ensemble or consensus will be top performing in many key error metrics. Further, multi-model ensembles provide a highly valuable tool for forecasters attempting to predict severe aerosol events. Here we present the first steps in developing a global multi-model aerosol forecasting ensemble intended for eventual operational and basic research use. Drawing from members of the International Cooperative for Aerosol Prediction (ICAP) latest generation of quasi-operational aerosol models, five day AOT forecasts are analyzed for December 2011 through November 2012 from four institutions: ECMWF, JMA, NASA GSFC, and NRL/FNMOC. For dust, we also include the NOAA NGAC product in our analysis. The Barcelona Supercomputing Centre (NMMC) and UK Met office dust product have also recent become available with ICAP, but have insufficient data to be included in this analysis period. A simple consensus ensemble of member and mean AOT fields for modal species (e.g., fine and coarse mode, and a separate dust ensemble) is used to create the ICAP Multi-Model Ensemble (ICAP-MME). The ICAP-MME is run daily at 0Z for 6 hourly forecasts out to 120 h. Basing metrics on comparisons to 21 regionally

  20. Development towards a global operational aerosol consensus: basic climatological characteristics of the International Cooperative for Aerosol Prediction Multi-Model Ensemble (ICAP-MME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. R. Sessions

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Over the past several years, there has been a rapid development in the number and quality of global aerosol models intended for operational forecasting use. Indeed, most centers with global numerical weather prediction (NWP capabilities have some program for aerosol prediction. These aerosol models typically have differences in their underlying meteorology as well as aerosol sources, sinks, microphysics and transformations. However, like similar diversity in aerosol climate models, the aerosol forecast models have fairly similar overall bulk error statistics for aerosol optical thickness (AOT-one of the few aerosol metrics that is globally available. Experience in climate and weather prediction has shown that in situations such as this where there are several independent models, a multi-model ensemble or consensus will be top performing in many key error metrics. Further, multi-model ensembles provide a highly valuable tool for forecasters attempting to predict severe aerosol events. Here we present the first steps in developing a global multi-model aerosol forecasting ensemble intended for eventual operational and basic research use. Drawing from members of the International Cooperative for Aerosol Prediction (ICAP latest generation of quasi-operational aerosol models, five day AOT forecasts are analyzed for December 2011 through November 2012 from four institutions: ECMWF, JMA, NASA GSFC, and NRL/FNMOC. For dust, we also include the NOAA NGAC product in our analysis. The Barcelona Supercomputing Centre (NMMC and UK Met office dust product have also recent become available with ICAP, but have insufficient data to be included in this analysis period. A simple consensus ensemble of member and mean AOT fields for modal species (e.g., fine and coarse mode, and a separate dust ensemble is used to create the ICAP Multi-Model Ensemble (ICAP-MME. The ICAP-MME is run daily at 0Z for 6 hourly forecasts out to 120 h. Basing metrics on comparisons to 21

  1. Cooperative Multi-robot Patrolling: A study of distributed approaches based on mathematical models of game theory to protect infrastructures

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    El principio de Teoría de Juegos permite desarrollar modelos estocásticos de patrullaje multi-robot para proteger infraestructuras criticas. La protección de infraestructuras criticas representa un gran reto para los países al rededor del mundo, principalmente después de los ataques terroristas llevados a cabo la década pasada. En este documento el termino infraestructura hace referencia a aeropuertos, plantas nucleares u otros instalaciones. El problema de patrullaje se define como la activi...

  2. Differential GNSS and Vision-Based Tracking to Improve Navigation Performance in Cooperative Multi-UAV Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vetrella, Amedeo Rodi; Fasano, Giancarmine; Accardo, Domenico; Moccia, Antonio

    2016-12-17

    Autonomous navigation of micro-UAVs is typically based on the integration of low cost Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers and Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS)-based inertial and magnetic sensors to stabilize and control the flight. The resulting navigation performance in terms of position and attitude accuracy may not suffice for other mission needs, such as the ones relevant to fine sensor pointing. In this framework, this paper presents a cooperative UAV navigation algorithm that allows a chief vehicle, equipped with inertial and magnetic sensors, a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver, and a vision system, to improve its navigation performance (in real time or in the post processing phase) exploiting formation flying deputy vehicles equipped with GPS receivers. The focus is set on outdoor environments and the key concept is to exploit differential GPS among vehicles and vision-based tracking (DGPS/Vision) to build a virtual additional navigation sensor whose information is then integrated in a sensor fusion algorithm based on an Extended Kalman Filter. The developed concept and processing architecture are described, with a focus on DGPS/Vision attitude determination algorithm. Performance assessment is carried out on the basis of both numerical simulations and flight tests. In the latter ones, navigation estimates derived from the DGPS/Vision approach are compared with those provided by the onboard autopilot system of a customized quadrotor. The analysis shows the potential of the developed approach, mainly deriving from the possibility to exploit magnetic- and inertial-independent accurate attitude information.

  3. 基于改进AHP的多机协同多目标攻击威胁评估算法分析%Threat Assessment Algorithm on Multi-aircraft Cooperative and Multi-target Attack

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷蕾

    2016-01-01

    现代空战需要先进的火控计算,目标威胁评估是其重要的组成部分。文章通过建立威胁评估体系模型,再提出威胁因子及权值计算方法,从而构建了一套完整的目标威胁评估算法。最后针对一个多机协同多目标攻击态势,利用建立的算法进行威胁矩阵的计算,计算结果表明该方法是有效可行的。%Modern air combat needs advanced ifre control calculation, and the target threat assessment is an important part of the ifre control system. Through the establishment of threat assessment system model, and then put forward the threat factor and weight calculation method. Thus,construct a complete target threat assessment algorithm. Finally, according to the situation of multi Aircraft Cooperative multi target attack, the method is used to calculate the threat matrix. The results show that the proposed method is effective and feasible.

  4. Differential GNSS and Vision-Based Tracking to Improve Navigation Performance in Cooperative Multi-UAV Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amedeo Rodi Vetrella

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Autonomous navigation of micro-UAVs is typically based on the integration of low cost Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS receivers and Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS-based inertial and magnetic sensors to stabilize and control the flight. The resulting navigation performance in terms of position and attitude accuracy may not suffice for other mission needs, such as the ones relevant to fine sensor pointing. In this framework, this paper presents a cooperative UAV navigation algorithm that allows a chief vehicle, equipped with inertial and magnetic sensors, a Global Positioning System (GPS receiver, and a vision system, to improve its navigation performance (in real time or in the post processing phase exploiting formation flying deputy vehicles equipped with GPS receivers. The focus is set on outdoor environments and the key concept is to exploit differential GPS among vehicles and vision-based tracking (DGPS/Vision to build a virtual additional navigation sensor whose information is then integrated in a sensor fusion algorithm based on an Extended Kalman Filter. The developed concept and processing architecture are described, with a focus on DGPS/Vision attitude determination algorithm. Performance assessment is carried out on the basis of both numerical simulations and flight tests. In the latter ones, navigation estimates derived from the DGPS/Vision approach are compared with those provided by the onboard autopilot system of a customized quadrotor. The analysis shows the potential of the developed approach, mainly deriving from the possibility to exploit magnetic- and inertial-independent accurate attitude information.

  5. Differential GNSS and Vision-Based Tracking to Improve Navigation Performance in Cooperative Multi-UAV Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vetrella, Amedeo Rodi; Fasano, Giancarmine; Accardo, Domenico; Moccia, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    Autonomous navigation of micro-UAVs is typically based on the integration of low cost Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers and Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS)-based inertial and magnetic sensors to stabilize and control the flight. The resulting navigation performance in terms of position and attitude accuracy may not suffice for other mission needs, such as the ones relevant to fine sensor pointing. In this framework, this paper presents a cooperative UAV navigation algorithm that allows a chief vehicle, equipped with inertial and magnetic sensors, a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver, and a vision system, to improve its navigation performance (in real time or in the post processing phase) exploiting formation flying deputy vehicles equipped with GPS receivers. The focus is set on outdoor environments and the key concept is to exploit differential GPS among vehicles and vision-based tracking (DGPS/Vision) to build a virtual additional navigation sensor whose information is then integrated in a sensor fusion algorithm based on an Extended Kalman Filter. The developed concept and processing architecture are described, with a focus on DGPS/Vision attitude determination algorithm. Performance assessment is carried out on the basis of both numerical simulations and flight tests. In the latter ones, navigation estimates derived from the DGPS/Vision approach are compared with those provided by the onboard autopilot system of a customized quadrotor. The analysis shows the potential of the developed approach, mainly deriving from the possibility to exploit magnetic- and inertial-independent accurate attitude information. PMID:27999318

  6. DMT of Multi-hop Cooperative Networks - Part II: Half-Duplex Networks with Full-Duplex Performance

    CERN Document Server

    Sreeram, K; Kumar, P Vijay

    2008-01-01

    We consider single-source single-sink (ss-ss) multi-hop relay networks, with slow-fading links and single-antenna half-duplex relay nodes. In a companion paper, we established some basic results which laid the foundation for the results presented here. In the present paper, we consider two families of networks of half-duplex networks. KPP networks may be viewed as the union of K node-disjoint parallel relaying paths. Generalizations of these networks include KPP(I) networks, which permit interference between paths and KPP(D) networks, which possess a direct link between source and sink. We characterize the DMT of these families of networks completely and show that they can achieve the cut-set bound, thus proving that full-duplex performance can be obtained even in the presence of the half-duplex constraint. We then consider layered networks, and prove that a linear DMT between maximum diversity and maximum multiplexing gain is achievable. All protocols in this paper are explicit and use only amplify-and-forwa...

  7. 基于进化算法的多无人机协同航路规划%Cooperative Path Planning of Multi-UAV Based on Evolutionary Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李子杰; 刘湘伟

    2015-01-01

    以突防航路时域协同指数、空域协同指数、突防时长指数和受威胁指数为规划目标,以最小直线航路段长度、可飞空域、续航能力和进入任务航路方向为约束,构建了多无人机协同突防航路规划模型。结合模型特点,利用合作型协同进化遗传算法对该模型进行求解。%Aiming at maximizing penetration path time synergy index and penetration path airspace synergy index, minimizing penetration time length index and intimidate index, restricted by the minimum length of straight path, flyable space, endurance and intro-mission route direction, the penetration path planning model of Multiple Unmanned Serial Vehicle (Multi-UAV)is constructed. Combining its characteristic, the model is solved by use of Cooperative Co-evolutionary Genetic Algorithms(CCGA).

  8. Research of pre-coding with multi-cell cooperation%基于信干噪比反馈的多基站协作预编码

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宏群; 史小平

    2011-01-01

    针对蜂窝小区的干扰,给出了基于信干噪比(SINR)反馈的基站协作策略,采用SINR门限锁定系统边缘用户,避免了传统穷搜索算法的复杂性,在多小区规模上索引协作基站。基于SWF功率分配,采用SVD预编码设计。仿真表明,该方案既弱化了小区边缘用户受到的干扰,提高了系统信息吞吐量,又减少了高反馈量带来的复杂度,是一个很好的折中方案。%In this paper, for inter-cell interference, we propose a cooperation strategy based on the SINR feedback. According to the SINR decision threshold, we lock edge users to avoid the complexity of the traditional poor search algorithm and index the collaboration BS within multi-cell scale, Based on the SWF power allocation algorithm, we use SVD to do the pre-coding design. Simulation resuhs show that the program, which not only weakens the cell edge users disruption and improves the information throughput, and reduces the complexity brought by the feedback amount, is a quite good compromise.

  9. Multi-robot cooperative localization based on particle swarm optimization%粒子群优化的多机器人协作定位方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘利枚; 蔡自兴

    2011-01-01

    针对异质多机器人具有不同的感知能力和处理能力的特点,提出一种基于粒子群优化的多机器人协作相对定位方法.该方法将常规粒子滤波方法与粒子群优化算法有机结合,通过粒子群优化方法对预估粒子进行更新,同时利用多机器人之间的相对观测信息,调整粒子的提议分布和粒子权重,增强多机器人位置预测的有效性,提高多机器人定位的精度.实时数据实验结果表明:该方法正确、可行.%According to different perceptions and processing abilities of heterogeneous robots, an approach to multi-robot cooperative localization was presented based on particle swarm optimization. Through the particle swarm algorithm combined with the standard particle filter, the prediction of particles was updated, and the proposal distribution and the weight of particles were adjusted based on the relative observations to enhance the effectiveness of the position prediction and improve the localization accuracy. The online experimential results prove that the improved method is correct and feasible.

  10. Multi-UAVs cooperative target tracking control law design based on computer vision%基于视觉的多无人机协同目标跟踪控制律设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李大东; 孙秀霞; 李湘清

    2012-01-01

    针对基于视觉的多无人机协同目标跟踪控制律设计问题,对无人机协同控制策略进行了研究.分别提出了两架及多架无人机协同速度控制律,使无人机能够动态调整速度,以较低速度跟踪目标.针对多架无人机提出了一种最小化各无人机到目标夹角误差平方和的夹角误差定义方法,提高了无人机协同效率.仿真实验验证了本文提出的夹角误差定义方法和协同控制律的有效性.%In view of multi-unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) cooperative target tracking problem, multi-UAVs cooperative control strategy is studied. Both two UAV sets and multi-UAVs cooperative target tracking control laws are designed respectively, which could adjust the UAV's velocity dynamically so as to track targets at a lower velocity. An optimal solution of the included angle error which minimizes the square sum of the included angle error between each UAV to the target is proposed. The efficiency of achieving cooperation is improved by this solution. The effectiveness of the solution of included angle error and cooperative control law is verified by simulations.

  11. Models in cooperative game theory

    CERN Document Server

    Branzei, Rodica; Tijs, Stef

    2008-01-01

    This book investigates models in cooperative game theory in which the players have the possibility to cooperate partially. In a crisp game the agents are either fully involved or not involved at all in cooperation with some other agents, while in a fuzzy game players are allowed to cooperate with infinite many different participation levels, varying from non-cooperation to full cooperation. A multi-choice game describes the intermediate case in which each player may have a fixed number of activity levels. Different set and one-point solution concepts for these games are presented. The properties of these solution concepts and their interrelations on several classes of crisp, fuzzy, and multi-choice games are studied. Applications of the investigated models to many economic situations are indicated as well. The second edition is highly enlarged and contains new results and additional sections in the different chapters as well as one new chapter.

  12. Discussion of Base Station Room Development Trend under Multi-Network Cooperation%多网协同下基站机房发展趋势探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱会; 贝斐峰; 王强

    2013-01-01

    随着通信技术的发展,国内的移动通信网络将面临2G/3G/LTE/WLAN等多网协同的网络建设,网络复用程度的大幅提高对于基站机房的建设也提出了新的要求。首先阐述了基站机房的发展历史,并介绍了基站机房现阶段典型的机房类型及其优缺点,研究了通信行业的发展背景及趋势。最后对基站机房的未来发展趋势进行总结,说明了基站机房未来发展对现网的影响。%With the development of communication technology, the domestic mobile communication network will face 2G/3G/LTE/WLAN multi-network cooperation construction. The increasing network multiplexing degree also has new requirements for the construction of base station room. Firstly, the development history of base station room is given. Secondly the typical types as well as the advantages and disadvantages of base station room at the present stage are introduced, then the development background and trend of communication industry are studied. Finally, the development trend of the future base station room is summarized, while the impact of the future base station room on the existing network is illustrated.

  13. Conflictual cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Axel, Erik

    2011-01-01

    , cooperation appeared as the continuous reworking of contradictions in the local arrangement of societal con- ditions. Subjects were distributed and distributed themselves according to social privileges, resources, and dilemmas in cooperation. Here, the subjects’ activities and understandings took form from...

  14. Cooperative Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桑莹莹

    2015-01-01

    This paper is about the cooperative learning as a teaching method in a second language learning class. It mainly talks about the background, foundation, features, definitions, components, goals, advantages and disadvantages of cooperative learning. And as the encounter of the disadvantages in cooperative learning, this paper also proposes some strategies.

  15. 基于Multi-Agent系统的多飞行器协同路径规划方法的研究%Decentralized Multi-Agent Based Cooperative Path Planning for Multi-UAVs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘铭; 徐杨; 陈峥; 梁瀚; 孙婷婷

    2012-01-01

    The Multiple Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) coordination is popular in domains of distributed artificial intelligence. One of the key challenges is the real time path planning of multi-UAVs according to their dynamic targets, threatens!and terrain changes in the complex environment,as well as the constraints of the UAVs themselves. This paper proposed a novel approach toward this challenge. Our model is based on multi-agent model with decentralized control to UAV teams. By modeling the constraints of the environment, their allocated targets and other dynamical constraints in real battle fields such as threatens, they can be represented by constraint agents. Therefore,a multiple UAV path planning problem can be converted into a traditional DisCSP problem. We adopted the dynamical programming progress to design the interaction between agents so that multi-agent teams can solve the DisCSP with the ABT algorithm and a feasible planned path for each UAV can be produced according to its dynamical constrains and allocated target We simulated the multi-UAVs dynamical path planning in two scenarios: with dynamical threatens and terrains) with dynamical targets to manifest the feasibility of our designs.%无人多飞行器(UAV)协同技术是当前分布式人工智能的一个热点领域,其中一个关键技术在于如何实现多UAV集群根据复杂环境中目标、威胁、地形变化以及各UAV之间的性能约束动态进行实时性航路规划.提出一种基于Multi-agent系统的多UAV对实时动态多目标进行路径规划的方法.其核心是基于Multi-agent系统的decentralized控制方案.在Multi-agent平台上,实现了agent对于环境、目标、任务等路劲规划约束条件的建模,同时提出了多agent动态路径规划方法的实现方案.方案使用DisCSP模型框架,将基于真实复杂战场环境的实时路径规划问题所涉及的多复杂限制条件,抽象成Multi-agent系统中的各个约束

  16. Cramer-Rao lower bounds for estimating carrier parameters of PSK signals in multi-antenna cooperative receivers%多天线协同接收PSK载波参数估计的CRLB

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨珂; 万明康; 李鸥

    2012-01-01

    针对利用多个独立天线对同一信号进行协同接收的问题,推导了数据辅助(DA)和非数据辅助(NDA)方式BPSK/QPSK信号频率及相位估计的Cramer-Rao下界(CRLB),并与传统单个天线接收时的CRLB进行了比较.结果表明,在DA方式下,多天线协同接收PSK信号频率及相位估计的CRLB与传统单天线接收的CRLB相同;在NDA方式下,多天线协同接收的CRLB则要低于传统单天线接收的CRLB.%This paper investigates the PSK parameter estimation problem with multiple independent cooperative receivers, and derives the Cramer-Rao Lower Bounds (CRLBs) of BPSK/QPSK frequency and phase estimation based on either known or random data. Compared with the CRLBs in traditional single receiver, the results indicate that the CRLBs for Data-Aided(DA) carrier frequency and phase estimation of PSK signals in multi-antenna cooperative receivers are the same with the CRLBs in traditional single receiver, but the CRLBs for Non-Data-Aided(NDA) estimation for multi-antenna cooperative receivers are lower than the traditional ones.

  17. 基于多智能体的人机协作智能信息系统%Human-Computer-Cooperated Intelligent Information System Based on Multi-Agents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    操龙兵; 戴汝为

    2003-01-01

    综合集成研讨厅理论体系是作为处理开放的复杂巨系统的有关问题而提出的,其实质是一个人机协作的智能信息系统.本文主要探索研讨厅的实现途径,给出了基于网络的研讨厅的层次模型与系统结构,提出了基于内嵌客户/Agent/服务器的请求器-中介器-供应器模型的多智能体研讨厅的多层分布计算模型,并基于Java的智能信息Agent技术探讨了支持宏观经济决策的多智能体研讨厅的构架及工作机制.研究表明,基于Internet有关技术与Agent计算技术有可能实现研讨厅,并由于Agent技术的优势而可能得到较好的系统性能.%The Hall for Workshop of Metasynthetic Engineering(HWME) is an engeering technology proposed for coping with open complex giant systems. In this paper we describe the implementation of a human-computer-cooperated intelligent information system with HWME and multi-agents. We propose a layered model, a system structure over the network, and a distributed computing model-an n-tier client/agent/server-nested Requester-Mediator-Provider-for building the system. Furthermore, we discuss the framework and working mechanisms of an agent-based system of HWME, which is designed for macroeconomic decision-support based on intelligent information agents in Java. Our system implementation shows that an agent-oriented HWME system over the Internet may exhibit better performance in terms of handling open complex problems.

  18. Multi Tactical Data Link Information Cooperation Processing Module and Its Operating Method%多战术数据链信息协同处理模块及其运行方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾涛; 王雷; 巩克非

    2013-01-01

    Tactical data link has become a nerve which connects command center, all levels command post, fighting troops, weapons platforms and multi data terminals in the modern digital battlefield. Just one tactical data link is unable to meet all of campaign requirements, thus the situation that multi tactical data links occur together is formed. Multi tactical data link information cooperation processing shield differences between types of data link and physical transmission medium, real-time receive the data, monitor the communication status between aerial carrier and data links. The data of aerial carrier platform is downloaded to each data links in order to achieve the information cooperation processing of multi data link.%战术数据链已经成为现代数字化战场上链接指挥中心、各级指挥所、各参战部队和武器平台以及各种数据终端的神经,一种战术数据链不可能满足所有的作战需求,因此形成了这种多种战术数据链并存的局面。多战术数据链信息协同处理模块屏蔽不同类型数据链物理传输介质的差异,实时接收数据链数据、监测载机与各数据链的通讯状态、将载机平台数据下传至各数据链,实现多种数据链的数据信息协同处理。

  19. 有人机—无人机群协同空战目标分配算法%Reseach on Mission Assignment Algorithm of Cooperation Air Combat for MAV and Multi-UAV

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘万俊; 傅裕松; 翁兴伟

    2012-01-01

    To solve the mission assignment problem for MAV (Manned Aerial Vehicle) and multi-UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) in cooperation air combat. A DPSO (Discrete Particle Swarm Optimization) is put forward. The research is divided into three situation which includes that one UCAV is assigned one target, one UCAV is assigned two targets regardless of attack order and one UCAV is assigned two targets considering attack order. And then a new particle formation method is proposed. The risk return matrix and cost function of multi-mission assignment which combines air combat capability index and dominant function are designed. The simulation result shows that the arithmetic has good astringency and it has reference value for the Multi-mission assignment for MAV and multi-UAV in cooperation air combat.%针对有人机—无人机群协同空战目标分配问题,运用离散粒子群算法,分为1架UCAV分配1个目标,1架UCAV分配2个目标时不考虑攻击先后影响和考虑攻击先后影响3种情况进行了仿真研究,提出了一种新的粒子构造方法.综合考虑空战能力指数和优势函数,构造了收益风险矩阵和多目标分配的代价函数.仿真结果具有良好收敛性,对有人机—无人机群协同空战目标分配具有参考价值.

  20. The Present Status and Cooperative Prospect of Multi-Missile Guidance Law%多导弹协同制导规律研究现状及展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖增博; 雷虎氏; 滕江川; 王好新

    2011-01-01

    With the transformation of missile engagement manners, the multi-missile cooperative guidance law has drawn extensive attention recently. The research developments of cooperative guidance laws are introduced firstly, and the design difficulties for these guidance laws are pointed out. Then the research areas are proposed to address the development tendency. The guidance law with impact time and impact angle constraints is emphatically discussed. The work of this paper is expected to provide some references for the improvement and design of cooperative guidance law in the future.%随着导弹作战样式的变革,多导弹协同制导规律受到越来越广泛的关注。本文系统地论述了多导弹协同制导规律的研究进展,指出了协同制导规律设计的难点问题,并对未来协同制导规律的研究方向进行了展望。其中着重论述了基于攻击时间和攻击角度控制的协同制导规律。可供从事导弹制导的科研人员对现有协同制导规律有一个全面的认识,以便于更深入地研究。

  1. The cooperative game theory of networks and hierarchies

    CERN Document Server

    Gilles, Robert P

    2010-01-01

    This book details standard concepts in cooperative game theory with applications to the analysis of social networks and hierarchical authority organizations. It covers the multi-linear extension, the Core, the Shapley value, and the cooperative potential.

  2. PREFACE: Cooperative dynamics Cooperative dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gov, Nir

    2011-09-01

    The dynamics within living cells are dominated by non-equilibrium processes that consume chemical energy (usually in the form of ATP, adenosine triphosphate) and convert it into mechanical forces and motion. The mechanisms that allow this conversion process are mostly driven by the components of the cytoskeleton: (i) directed (polar) polymerization of filaments (either actin or microtubules) and (ii) molecular motors. The forces and motions produced by these two components of the cytoskeleton give rise to the formation of cellular shapes, and drive the intracellular transport and organization. It is clear that these systems present a multi-scale challenge, from the physics of the molecular processes to the organization of many interacting units. Understanding the physical nature of these systems will have a large impact on many fundamental problems in biology and break new grounds in the field of non-equilibrium physics. This field of research has seen a rapid development over the last ten years. Activities in this area range from theoretical and experimental work on the underlying fundamental (bio)physics at the single-molecule level, to investigations (in vivo and in vitro) of the dynamics and patterns of macroscopic pieces of 'living matter'. In this special issue we have gathered contributions that span the whole spectrum of length- and complexity-scales in this field. Some of the works demonstrate how active forces self-organize within the polymerizing cytoskeleton, on the level of cooperative cargo transport via motors or due to active fluxes at the cell membrane. On a larger scale, it is shown that polar filaments coupled to molecular motors give rise to a huge variety of surprising dynamics and patterns: spontaneously looping rings of gliding microtubules, and emergent phases of self-organized filaments and motors in different geometries. All of these articles share the common feature of being out-of-equilibrium, driven by metabolism. As demonstrated here

  3. 我国多党合作“同心”思想研究述评%Review of the Researches of the “One Mind”Thought under the Multi-party Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏晓文; 董仲磊

    2014-01-01

    The“one mind” thought under the Multi-party cooperation is the latest theoretical achievements of the extensive cooperation among the Chinese Communist Party and the democratic parties in the new era ,the core concept and philosophy ,which consolidates the political party system with Chinese character-istics ,and is the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party's multi-party cooperation system work point-er ,a new stage in the new century .Research and exploration carding points is demands of reality to con-stantly improve the multi-party cooperation system .Ever since the day it was put forward ,the“one mind”thought under the Multi-party cooperation has been given full attention .In recent few years experts and scholars ,through various angles ,tried to have an in-depth study and interpretation of this new concept . Most of the research findings are related with its theoretical basis ,historical background ,function ,signif-icance ,connotation ,problems ,path selection and so on .Since the research on this new concept started relatively late ,there surely exist some shortcomings and a large room for improvement in terms of its theo-retical integrity and systematization .%多党合作“同心”思想是中国共产党与各民主党派在新时期广泛合作的最新理论成果,是巩固中国特色政党制度的核心理念和指导思想,是新世纪新阶段中国共产党领导多党合作制度的工作指针,梳理和探析其研究要点是不断完善我国多党合作制度的现实诉求。多党合作“同心”思想自提出以来,学界高度关注,专家和学者们通过不同视角进行了广泛的解读和深入的研究。近年来也出现了一些研究成果,主要有多党合作“同心”思想的理论依据与历史渊源、重大意义、主要内容、面临问题、路径选择等方面的研究。由于多党合作“同心”思想研究起步较晚,尚存不足,在理论体系的完整性和系统性

  4. 多平台对AAM协同制导交接班模型%Multi-P latform Cooperative Guidance Model for Anti-aircraft Missile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷宇曜; 姜文志; 朱伟; 张声

    2015-01-01

    This article provides a detailed analysis of the components of anti⁃aircraft missile system and engagement flow. It gives some definition and concept of cooperative guidance. The AAWS ( Anti⁃aircraft Weapon System) for AAM ( Anti⁃air⁃craft Missile) cooperative guidance model is established. It contains concept model of system, coordinate transaction model, errors model and radar tracking probability model. Radom errors are simulated. The Monte⁃Carlo method is used to have the relationship between errors and cooperative guidance ship probability. The reliable of cooperative guidance model is proved by simulation, which established in this paper. The results of error analysis can be used for precision controlling.%通过对协同制导交接班的类型进行分析,建立了防空武器系统对AAM( Anti⁃aircraft Missile)协同制导交接班的坐标转换模型、误差模型及雷达截获概率模型。通过模拟产生随机误差,利用Monte⁃Carlo方法进行计算,得出不同误差源对协同制导交接班概率影响的定量关系。实验结果证明了所建模型的有效性,误差分析结论可作为协同制导交接班精度控制的依据。

  5. Blind compensation for multi-AWACS cooperation based on aerial defence and warning%基于防空警戒任务的多预警机协同补盲

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国师; 李强; 代科学; 杨征; 谢毓湘

    2012-01-01

    在作战环境日益复杂的情况下,多预警机进行协同补盲,不仅可以扩大探测范围,大大增强抵抗“四大威胁”的能力,而且此地面雷达网具有更好的低空、超低空探测能力.研究了多预警机执行防空警戒任务时的协同补盲问题.首先,给出了预警机探测总区域、探测强效区和弱效区的定义,并分别建立了数学模型.其次,对预警机的顶空盲区、底空盲区、机体遮挡盲区、转弯盲区进行了分析和建模.然后,给出了基于防空警戒任务的多预警机协同补盲模型.最后,通过仿真证明了模型的有效性.%Under the circumstances at which the battle surroundings are becoming more and more complex, blind compensation of multi-airborne warning and control system (AWACS) cooperation can not only expand detection range and enhance to resistance the "{our threats", but also detect the larger area in the low altitude and super low altitude. The problem of blind compensation for multi-AWACS cooperation is researched based on the task of aerial defence and warning. Firstly, the definitions of the total detection area, strong detcetion area and poor detection area are given, and the mathematical models are establshed respectively. Secondly, the blind areas of AWACS are analyzed and modelled. Thirdly, the model of blind compensation of multi-AWACS cooperation is proposed. Finally, simulation results prove the effectiveness of the proposed model.

  6. Interface Hombre-Máquina para la Estación Neumática PN-2800 de un Centro Integrado de Manufactura utilizando una Pantalla de Interface Man-Machine Interface for the Pneumatics PN-2800 station of an Integrated Center of Manufacture using a Panel View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika J Ramírez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una Interface Hombre-Máquina con el software Panel Builder 32, que interactúa con un una pantalla de interface (Panel View 1000, para realizar el control de la Estación de Neumática PN-2800, que es la abastecedora de materia prima en un Centro Integrado de Manufactura. Se realizó una programación visual y se analizaron las dimensiones de las barras cilíndricas, acrílicos y la abertura de las pinzas de los manipuladores, así como sus ángulos y espacios de trabajo para considerar nuevas materias primas. Para la configuración para la comunicación del protocolo Data Highway Plus y la compatibilidad con el protocolo Modbus Plus se utilizó un convertidor DL-3500. El trabajo presentado en este artículo muestra la integración de nuevos materiales para el proceso de maquilado y el manejo de diferentes protocolos que se encuentran en las diferentes industrias.A Man-Machine Interface with the software Panel Builder 32, that interacts with Panel View 1000, to perform the control of the Pneumatics Station PN-2800 is presented. This station provides raw material to an Integrated Manufacturing Center. Visual programming was used and the dimensions of the cylindrical bars, acrylic parts and the gap of the gripers of the manipulators, as well as their angles and spaces of work to consider new raw material. For the configuration of the communication protocol Dates Highway Plus and the compatibility with the protocol Modbus Plus a converter DL-3500 was used. The work presented in this article shows the integration of new materials for the process of maquilado and the handling of different protocols that are found in different industries.

  7. 考虑通信状况的多机器人CSLAM问题综述%An Overview on the Cooperative SLAM Problem of Multi-robot Systems Considering Communication Conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张国良; 汤文俊; 曾静; 徐君; 姚二亮

    2014-01-01

    The communication conditions can affect the design and realization of cooperative simultaneous localization and mapping (CSLAM) algorithms directly. According to the different focuses among the assumptions on the com-munication conditions of multi-robot systems, the state-of-the-art research advances of multi-robot CSLAM algorithms are presented in this paper. Firstly, the characters and drawbacks of the centralized CSLAM algorithm based on fully connected communication condition are introduced. Secondly, in the situation of unknown initial correspondence of the multi-robot system, the map merging issue of distributed CSLAM algorithm based on limited communication range and bandwidth is analyzed and defined in terms of map alignment, data association and map fusion. Furthermore, some of the latest research achievements on distributed CSLAM algorithm considering sparse-dynamic communication situation are also presented. Finally, the prospect of future research in the area of multi-robot CSLAM is summarized.%多机器人系统的通信状况能够直接影响协作同时定位与地图创建(Cooperative simultaneous localization and mapping, CSLAM)算法的设计和实现。根据对多机器人通信状况所作出假设的侧重点不同,对多机器人CSLAM 算法研究现状和进展进行综述。首先,简要介绍了基于完全连通通信条件的集中式CSLAM 算法的特点和缺陷;其次,结合多机器人系统初始相对位姿关系未知的情况,从地图配准、数据关联和地图融合等三个方面,对基于通信范围或者带宽受限条件的分布式CSLAM 算法的地图合并问题进行了分析和阐述;进而重点对考虑稀疏-动态通信状况的分布式CSLAM 算法的最新研究成果进行了归纳总结。最后指出多机器人CSLAM研究领域今后的研究方向。

  8. Analysis of time delay and error compensation for multi-AUVs’ cooperative navigation approach%多AUV协同导航时间延迟误差机理分析与补偿算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐博; 邱立民; 杨建

    2015-01-01

    定位能力是自主水下潜器(AUV)工作的基础,多AUV协同定位相比单艇定位具有更多的优势。但在多传感器信息融合时,由于各传感器处理信息所用时间不同,而且艇间信息传输需要时间,导致滤波量测量存在延迟,严重影响了协同导航的滤波精度。为此,首先对广播式协同导航时间延迟误差机理进行深入分析,然后提出一种基于量测更新的协同定位方法,最后完成了相应的仿真验证。结果表明,基于量测更新的协同定位方法大大提高了多水下无人艇协同定位精度。%Positioning capability is the foundation of the cooperative work for multi-AUVs, and multi-AUVs’ platform co-location has lots of advantages compared with the single AUV. However, in the system of multi-sensor information fusion, because the working efficiency of the each sensor is different, and it also takes different time to process information, besides it needs some time to transmit information underwater, which maybe causes time delay when system state filtering needs measurement information. Therefore, firstly, the mechanism of time delay for AUVs’ cooperative navigation approach is analyzed, and the co-location method based on the measurement update is proposed. Then the collaborative localization method based on the measurement update is proposed. Finally, simulation results show that the proposed co-location method can increase the accuracy of multi-AUVs’collaborative localization.

  9. Simulation and Effectiveness Evaluation Modeling of Formation Cooperative Flight-test Based on Multi-Agent System%基于多智能体的编队协同试飞仿真与效能评估

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏庆军; 张安; 张耀中

    2011-01-01

    In order to debase risk and cost the formation cooperative flight-test, building simulation platform to evaluate effectiveness of flight-test was put forward. Firstly, the frame of formation cooperative flight-test simulation was modeled. Based on the frame, the structure of formation cooperative flight-test simulation was set up used Multi-Agent System (MAS) and the function of each kind of agent was ascertained. Then, the process of command transportation between command control center agent and formation agent was made certain and program flow of fighter agent was set up. Lastly, the model of effectiveness evaluation was built by Lanchester equation. The simulation about the model was carried out and the results prove the model is effective.%为了降低编队协同试飞风险和代价,提出建立编队协同试飞仿真平台对试飞的效果进行评价.首先,建立了编队协同试飞模型的总体框架.在此基础上建立了基于多智能体的编队协同试飞总体结构并明确了各类型Agent的功能.然后,确定了指挥控制中心Agent与编队Agent进行命令交互的过程并建立了编队Agent和战斗机Agent的模型.最后,建立了基于兰彻斯特理论的效能评估模型,并对设定的红蓝编队进行了仿真和分析.

  10. 起重吊装多机器人系统协作避障规划研究%Research of Cooperation Obstacle Avoidance Planning for Hoisting Multi-robot System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林俊; 訾斌; 吴瑕

    2012-01-01

    针对起重吊装多机器人系统实际作业情况,进行了该机器人系统协作避障规划研究.首先,基于栅格法提出了优化姿态转角--动态栅格法的路径规划改进算法;其次,设计了基于传感器技术的自适应协作系统.该协作避障方法具备了寻找全局最优路线的能力,同时实现了多机器人系统内部的稳定协调合作;最后,建立了Matlab与LabVIEW联合仿真系统,仿真结果表明该系统是可行且高效的.%According to the practical operation of hoisting multi-mobile robots system,the cooperation obstacle avoidance planning was studied. Firstly,an improvement algorithm of optimization of the attitude angle-dynamic grid method for path planning was proposed based on grid method. In addition,the adaptive cooperation system was designed based on sensor technology. The system has the ability to search for the global optimal path,and the stable coordination of the multi-mobile robots internal system was achieved. Finally,the co-simulation system was built using Matlab and LabVIEW. Simulation results show that the system was feasible and efficient.

  11. Optimal Allocation of Aerial Target Detection and Attack in Cooperative Multi-fighter Air Combat%多机协同对空目标探测与攻击任务的最优分配

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖冰松; 方洋旺; 夏海宝; 许蕴山; 刘万俊

    2011-01-01

    To solve the problem of cooperative guidance in information-based cooperative multi-fighter air combat, the model of detection and attack task allocation was built. The detection task allocation model was first built by the battlefield situation and the detection capability of radar. Then, the attack task allocation was built by the battlefield situation and the engagement capability of weapon. Finally, the multi objective decision problem was translated into single objective optimization. Particle swarm optimization algorithm was designed to solve the problem by building the mapping between particles. Simulation results indicate that the algorithm is feasible and effective.%针对信息化条件下多机协同空战中需要协同制导的问题,建立了探测任务和攻击任务分配的模型。首先根据战场态势和雷达探测能力建立探测任务分配模型,然后根据战场态势和武器作战能力建立攻击任务分配模型,最后将此多目标决策问题转化为单目标优化问题。通过建立可行解到粒子间的映射,提出了粒子群优化算法对该优化问题进行求解。仿真实验表明了该模型与算法的可行性与有效性。

  12. ENHANCING COOPERATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    China and Japan can cooperate on a wide scope of issues, such as the organization of the Beijing Olympic Games next year and aid to Africa,said Ide Keiji, Minister of Public Relations, Press, Culture, Education and Sports and Spokesperson of the Embassy

  13. Affective Man-Machine Interface: Unveiling human emotions through biosignals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Broek, Egon; Lisy, Viliam; Janssen, Joris H.; Westerink, Joyce H.D.M.; Schut, Marleen H.; Tuinenbreijer, Kees; Fred, A.; Filipe, J.; Gamboa, H.

    2010-01-01

    As is known for centuries, humans exhibit an electrical profile. This profile is altered through various psychological and physiological processes, which can be measured through biosignals; e.g., electromyography (EMG) and electrodermal activity (EDA). These biosignals can reveal our emotions and,

  14. Advanced Avionics and the Military Aircraft Man/Machine Interface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-01

    capter de 1’information A tout prix a 6galement 6t observ6 par chacun dans le m~tro oQ Von ne paut s’emp~cher de lire tout ce qui tombe sous l’oeil, las...poursuivre sur 6cran cathodique une cible dont le rnouvement est plus ou momns al~atoire et rapide, les fonctions de transfert entre les commandes et le...conduit A leur faire perdre une qualification ch~rement acquise au prix d’un long entralnement. Cet 6tat d’esprit n’est pas toujours conscient. mais il se

  15. The ZOG Approach to Man-Machine Communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-10-23

    message handling). Its usefulness as a command language, of course, arises not from any special logica character, but in its potential for explaining and...McCracken and A. Nowell number of options is limited to nine so that digits may be used for selectors. Options share space with the text; that is, the...line. Options are selected by digits , local pads by upper case alphabetics, and global pads by lower case alphabetics. Any selection which is inert (has

  16. Dialogue-Based Research in Man-Machine Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-11-01

    it is based on case analysis rather than functional system design, the results are in the form of individual computer algorithms (much smaller than systems), and the algorithms are transferable into useful (nonresearch) systems.

  17. The APS intranet as a man-machine interface.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ciarlette, D.; Gerig, R.; McDowell, W.

    1997-12-02

    The Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory has implemented a number of methods for people to interact with the accelerator systems. The accelerator operators use Sun workstations running MEDM and WCL to interface interactively with the accelerator, however, many people need to view information rather than interact with the machine. One of the most common interfaces for viewing information at the Advanced Photon Source is the World Wide Web. Information such as operations logbook entries, machine status updates, and displays of archived and current data are easily available to APS personnel. This interface between people and the accelerator has proven to be quite useful. Because the Intranet is operating-system independent and inherently unidirectional, ensuring the prevention of unauthorized or accidental control of the accelerators is straightforward.

  18. Development of techniques to enhance man/machine communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Targ, R.; Cole, P.; Puthoff, H.

    1974-01-01

    A four-state random stimulus generator, considered to function as an ESP teaching machine was used to investigate an approach to facilitating interactions between man and machines. A subject tries to guess in which of four states the machine is. The machine offers the user feedback and reinforcement as to the correctness of his choice. Using this machine, 148 volunteer subjects were screened under various protocols. Several whose learning slope and/or mean score departed significantly from chance expectation were identified. Direct physiological evidence of perception of remote stimuli not presented to any known sense of the percipient using electroencephalographic (EEG) output when a light was flashed in a distant room was also studied.

  19. Man-Machine Control of Space Robots under Uncertainty

    OpenAIRE

    Kanata, S.

    2008-01-01

    Control problem of space robots is characterized by several challenges. The first one is that the area is full of uncertainties due to lack of information. Another difficulty is tasksharing between an operator and a partly autonomous robot. Moreover, there are several constrains on the robot operations, including communication delay and an appropriate temperature at which robot can work. Design of the robots navigation should be based on consideration of trade-offs between several conf...

  20. A Novel Two-Tier Cooperative Caching Mechanism for the Optimization of Multi-Attribute Periodic Queries in Wireless Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZhangBing Zhou

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Wireless sensor networks, serving as an important interface between physical environments and computational systems, have been used extensively for supporting domain applications, where multiple-attribute sensory data are queried from the network continuously and periodically. Usually, certain sensory data may not vary significantly within a certain time duration for certain applications. In this setting, sensory data gathered at a certain time slot can be used for answering concurrent queries and may be reused for answering the forthcoming queries when the variation of these data is within a certain threshold. To address this challenge, a popularity-based cooperative caching mechanism is proposed in this article, where the popularity of sensory data is calculated according to the queries issued in recent time slots. This popularity reflects the possibility that sensory data are interested in the forthcoming queries. Generally, sensory data with the highest popularity are cached at the sink node, while sensory data that may not be interested in the forthcoming queries are cached in the head nodes of divided grid cells. Leveraging these cooperatively cached sensory data, queries are answered through composing these two-tier cached data. Experimental evaluation shows that this approach can reduce the network communication cost significantly and increase the network capability.

  1. A Study on the Cooperation Behavioral of Multi-Participates Project Team%基于互惠偏好的多主体参与项目团队合作行为

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩姣杰; 周国华; 李延来; 蔡屹

    2012-01-01

    Multi-agent cooperation will be the future trend of the development of project team. The behavioral choice strategy of project team members who come from different firms or organizations has a great impact on the cooperation efficiency of project team directly, and further inferences the success of a project. Based on social preference theory, we construct a principal-agency model of multi-agents in a project team under reciprocity preferences to compare the behavioral choices of agents under rationality and reciprocity, We also analyze the influence of reciprocity preference on behavioral choices of agents, team performance and the effective of incentives. The results indicate that the promotion effect of reciprocity on project team cooperation and performance are not absolutely positive, However it may enhance the incentive effectiveness of profit sharing. The theoretical results were tested by a case study as well.%多主体参与的项目团队合作模式将是未来发展的趋势,并且来自不同主体的团队成员的行为选择策略将会直接影响到团队的合作效率,甚至影响项目成败.依据社会偏好理论,在考虑代理人互惠偏好的前提下,构建了来自不同主体的多个代理人的项目团队委托代理模型,将代理人在完全理性条件下和互惠条件下的行为选择进行了比较,分析了互惠偏好对代理人努力选择、团队绩效和项目团队激励效果的影响.结果表明:互惠偏好对项目团队合作和团队绩效的促进作用并非具有绝对性,但能够提高利润分享的激励效果.最后,通过案例研究对理论研究结果进行了验证.

  2. 快速一致性控制算法下的多 UAV分布式协同控制%Distributed Cooperative Control for Multi-UAV Based on Fast Consensus Control Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾方超; 姚佩阳; 马方方; 李巧丽

    2014-01-01

    Consistent system state is the basis of distributed cooperative control in multi-UAV system,and consensus control algorithm is an effective method for the multi-UAV system to achieve consistent state . Under communication constraints,the UAV platform is controlled to evolve to the consistent system state through the consensus control algorithm based on local information interaction .To solve the unfeasibility of changing the communication topology and of multi-hop routing communication,a new fast consensus control algorithm was designed by introducing state difference and predictive state .Theorems about convergence and efficiency of the new algorithm were introduced with a rigorous mathematical proof .Fast task coordination was achieved under distributed cooperative control structure .Theoretical analysis and simulation results verify the feasibility and effectiveness of the algorithm .%多无人机系统中,系统状态的一致性是实现多无人机分布式协同控制的基础,一致性控制算法是多无人机系统实现状态一致的有效方法。通信约束条件下,无人机平台基于局部交互信息,通过一致性控制算法,控制系统状态演化一致。为解决改变通信拓扑结构和多跳路由通信的不可操作性问题,引入状态差值和预测状态,设计新的快速一致性控制算法。给出新算法收敛性和快速性的相关定理,并进行了严格的数学证明,在分布式协同控制结构下实现多无人机快速任务协同。理论分析和仿真实验验证了算法的可行性和有效性。

  3. 基于运动目标预测的多无人机分布式协同搜索%Distributed cooperative search methods of multi-UAV based on prediction of moving targets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祁晓明; 魏瑞轩; 沈东; 茹常剑; 周欢

    2014-01-01

    Cooperative search of multi-unmanned aerial vehicle (multi-UAV)is an important research field of multi-UAV cooperative control.With the complication of battlefield environment,it is especially important for UAVs to search for dynamic time-critical targets.For motion characteristics of dynamic time-critical targets, contributing the motion prediction model of dynamic time-critical targets first of all,in order to decrease the un-certainty of targets motion and optimize search performance of UAVs,putting forward a transition probability density of targets based on gauss distributing on the basis of targets existence probability which is updated gby Bayesian theory,and computing existence probability of dynamic time-critical targets,then,contributing char-acteristics index function of UAVs cooperative search with reason,in the frame of distributed model prediction control (DMPC),transforming the centralized on-line optimization problem of multi-UAV to a distributed on-line optimization problem of each UAV,finally,solving the characteristics index function optimally.Simulation results demonstrate the validity of the proposed method.%多无人机(unmanned aerial vehicle,UAV)协同搜索是多UAV协同一个重要研究方向。随着战场环境的复杂化,UAV对动态时敏目标的搜索显得尤为重要。针对动态时敏目标的运动特性,首先建立动态时敏目标的运动预测模型,为了降低由于目标运动造成的不确定性以及优化UAV的搜索性能,在采用贝叶斯理论对目标存在概率进行更新的基础上,研究了一种基于高斯分布的目标转移概率密度,通过计算得到动态时敏目标的存在预测概率,然后合理建立UAV协同搜索的性能指标函数,在分布式模型预测控制框架下,将多UAV集中式在线优化问题转化为各架UAV的分布式在线优化问题,最后对性能指标函数进行优化求解。通过仿真验证了所提方法的有效性。

  4. Autonomic computing enabled cooperative networked design

    CERN Document Server

    Wodczak, Michal

    2014-01-01

    This book introduces the concept of autonomic computing driven cooperative networked system design from an architectural perspective. As such it leverages and capitalises on the relevant advancements in both the realms of autonomic computing and networking by welding them closely together. In particular, a multi-faceted Autonomic Cooperative System Architectural Model is defined which incorporates the notion of Autonomic Cooperative Behaviour being orchestrated by the Autonomic Cooperative Networking Protocol of a cross-layer nature. The overall proposed solution not only advocates for the inc

  5. 一种基于多Agent强化学习的多星协同任务规划算法%An Algorithm of Cooperative Multiple Satellites Mission Planning Based on Multi-agent Reinforcement Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冲; 景宁; 李军; 王钧; 陈浩

    2011-01-01

    在分析任务特点和卫星约束的基础上给出了多星协同任务规划问题的数学模型.引入约束惩罚算子和多星联合惩罚算子对卫星Agent原始的效用值增益函数进行改进,在此基础上提出了一种多卫星Agent强化学习算法以求解多星协同任务分配策略,设计了基于黑板结构的多星交互方式以降低学习交互过程中的通信代价.通过仿真实验及分析证明该方法能够有效解决多星协同任务规划问题.%A multi-satellite cooperative planning problem model was given considering the characteristics of the task requests and satellite constraints. Then the original performance function of each satellite agent was modified by introducing both the constraint punishing operator and the multi-satellite joint punishing operator. Next, a multi-satellite reinforcement learning algorithm (MUSARLA)was proposed to derive the coordinated task allocation strategy. Furethermore, the interaction among multiple satellites was designed based on blackboard architecture to reduce the communication cost while learning. Fimally, simulated experiments are carried out which verified the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

  6. Characteristics of Multi-cooperation Art for Orchestra Music Appreciation%管弦音乐欣赏的多元-协同艺术特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何雨梦

    2013-01-01

    The orchestra music is important part of classical music .Relative works to other play form ,or‐chestral tone is rich .Sound dynamic range is broad and expressive force are more powerful with strong au ‐dibility .Accordingly ,the orchestra music is particularly appropriate as an introduction study materials of the classical music appreciation .This paper analyzes and discussed the relevant problems of orchestra mu‐sic appreciation from point of view of the art value of orchestra music ,the multi‐perception characteristic of orchestra music based on the cooperation of artistic characteristics classical and modern orchestra music . This paper introduces the basic framework of the orchestra ,and then analyzes the effective fusion of the popular music and the orchestra music with the characteristics of the serious music .Finally ,according to multi‐cooperation characteristics of orchestra music appreciation ,from three aspects of the visual perceptual appreciation ,inner emotional appreciation and depth of the rational appreciation ,this paper discussed how to appreciate the orchestra music .%  管弦音乐是古典音乐的重要组成部分。相对其他演奏形式的作品来讲,管弦乐队的音色丰富、音响动态范围宽广,表现力更加强大,具有极强的可听性,因此,将管弦音乐作为古典音乐欣赏的入门学习材料尤为适宜。基于管弦音乐古典和现代的协同艺术特征,从管弦音乐的艺术价值和多元感知特征角度,介绍了管弦乐队的基本架构,分析了具有严肃音乐特征的管弦音乐与通俗音乐的有效融合,并根据管弦音乐欣赏多元协同的特点,从直观的感性欣赏、内在的情感欣赏和深度的理性欣赏三个方面,论述了如何欣赏管弦音乐。

  7. Normalizing medical waste regulation by multi-department cooperation%多科室合作规范医疗废物管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪学勇; 袁晓宁

    2011-01-01

    Medical waste management is a systematic management process which involves hospital logistic department, hospital infection management department, medical affair department, nursing department, clinical departments and medical technology departments. Based on the situations of Peking University Third Hospital, medical waste management committee was founded. By establishing organization, designing management mechanism and increasing facility, functions for medical waste management in corrective department was cleared. Coordination and cooperation in corrective departments were strengthened and PDCA management mode was used to assure medical waste total management.%医疗废物管理是一个系统的管理工程,涉及到医院后勤、医院感染管理科、医务处、护理部和临床、医技科室等众多部门.北京大学第三医院结合医院实际,成立了医疗废物管理委员会,通过建立健全组织机构、完善管理机制及设施建设,明确各部门职责,加强协调与合作,运用PDCA循环管理模式,实现医疗废物的全程管理.

  8. Multi-layered Regulation of SPL15 and Cooperation with SOC1 Integrate Endogenous Flowering Pathways at the Arabidopsis Shoot Meristem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyun, Youbong; Richter, René; Vincent, Coral; Martinez-Gallegos, Rafael; Porri, Aimone; Coupland, George

    2016-05-09

    Flowering is initiated in response to environmental and internal cues that are integrated at the shoot apical meristem (SAM). We show that SPL15 coordinates the basal floral promotion pathways required for flowering of Arabidopsis in non-inductive environments. SPL15 directly activates transcription of the floral regulators FUL and miR172b in the SAM during floral induction, whereas its paralog SPL9 is expressed later on the flanks of the SAM. The capacity of SPL15 to promote flowering is regulated by age through miR156, which targets SPL15 mRNA, and gibberellin (GA), which releases SPL15 from DELLAs. Furthermore, SPL15 and the MADS-box protein SOC1 cooperate to promote transcription of their target genes. SPL15 recruits RNAPII and MED18, a Mediator complex component, in a GA-dependent manner, while SOC1 facilitates active chromatin formation with the histone demethylase REF6. Thus, we present a molecular basis for assimilation of flowering signals and transcriptional control at the SAM during flowering. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning Algorithm Based on Action Prediction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TONG Liang; LU Ji-lian

    2006-01-01

    Multi-agent reinforcement learning algorithms are studied. A prediction-based multi-agent reinforcement learning algorithm is presented for multi-robot cooperation task. The multi-robot cooperation experiment based on multi-agent inverted pendulum is made to test the efficency of the new algorithm, and the experiment results show that the new algorithm can achieve the cooperation strategy much faster than the primitive multiagent reinforcement learning algorithm.

  10. 基于前景理论与多Agent模拟的KIBS员工合作与冲突行为研究%Research on KIBS Employees’ Cooperate and Conflict Behavior Based on Prospect Theory and Multi-Agent Simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付玓瓅; 胡斌

    2013-01-01

    Along with the globalization of knowledge economy,knowledge-intensive business service(KIBS)has become the focus of industrial restructuring in the major western developed countries and regions as well as a hot topic in management research recently.This paper investigates the generating mechanism and evolutionary law of KIBS employees' cooperate and conflict behavior.A behavior model of KIBS employees’ cooperate and conflict is proposed in accordance with theories of personality psychology,prospecttheory and game theory.Then Anylogic 6.5.0 is used to implement this multi-Agent simulation model.Parameters of income and group communication are analyzed in the later simulation experiment.The result shows that they affect the cooperate and conflict behavior of KIBS employees in different ways.%随着知识经济时代的到来,知识密集型服务业(KIBS)已经成为西方主要发达国家和地区产业结构调整关注的重点方向和近年来学术界的研究热点之一.文章研究了KIBS员工合作与冲突行为产生机理与演化规律,首先结合了人格心理学、前景理论和博弈论的相关理论,设计了KIBS员工合作与冲突行为决策模型.之后在仿真软件Anylogic 6.5.0上建立了相应的多Agent模拟模型,并针对收益参数和群体沟通这两种影响因素设计了模拟实验.最后对模拟结果进行了分析,发现收益参数中除了惩罚系数,控制因子对最终行为比例也产生影响,而沟通概率则对演化过程行为变化的幅度产生影响.

  11. 基于多维资源自适应分配的协作认知传输机制%Cooperative Cognitive Transmission Scheme Based on Adaptive Multi-dimensional Resource Allocation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李钊; 李意文

    2016-01-01

    A transmission mechanism based on the joint management of time, frequency and space domain resources is proposed in the Cooperative Cognitive Radio Network (CCRN), with which the cooperative cognitive users can obtain proper reward under the premise of improving the primary user’s transmission. The proposed scheme employs multi-antenna cognitive user as a relay. Via adaptive time-slot and bandwidth allocation, bottleneck in the two-hop transmission can be eliminated. Furthermore, a relay selection algorithm taking fairness into account is given for the situation where multiple cooperative cognitive users exist. On one hand, the relay selection utilizes proportional fair to achieve inter-cognitive-user fairness. On the other hand, proper reward is determined by adjusting the incentive factor. Simulation results show that the proposed mechanism can improve the data rate of both primary and cognitive systems, and afford fair reward to the cognitive relays.%该文针对协作认知无线电网络提出一种时域、频域和空域资源联合分配的传输机制,在改善授权用户传输性能的前提下使参与协作的认知用户获得合理的回报。所提机制利用多天线认知节点担任中继,通过自适应的时隙划分与带宽分配,对两跳传输链路中的瓶颈予以消除;并在包含多个协作认知用户的场景中,给出一种考虑公平性的中继选择算法。该方法一方面采用比例公平的思想实现认知用户间的公平性,另一方面通过调整奖励因子,使中继获得合理的回报。仿真结果表明,所提算法能够改善授权与认知系统的数据速率,同时给予认知中继公平的回报。

  12. 制造商与渠道势力不对称零售商的合作广告模型研究%Cooperative Advertising Model of Manufacturer and Multi-retailers With Different Channel Authorities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆媛媛

    2011-01-01

    This paper addresses the cooperative advertising problem between one manufacturer and multi-retailers with different channel authorities. Under the uncertain demand situation, cooperative advertising models under both the decentralized system and the centralized system are made. We get optimal cooperative advertising strategy with different systems of the manufacturer and the dominant retailer, obtaining optimal ordering strategy of the dominant retailer and fringe retailers and their optimal expectation profit. By analyzing and comparing with the e-quilibrium outcomes of different systems, we prove that the decentralized system is uncoordinated, The study designs the united contract for realizing and conducting channel coordination, and points out that the united contract is not unique under the decentralized system. Contract parameter is positively correlated with each other, and advertising allowance rate, wholesale price and buy-back price are the balance focus of power between manufacturers and dominant retailers.%研究制造商与渠道势力不对称零售商的合作广告问题.在需求不确定的情况下,建立了制造商和零售商的分散式与集中式系统下的合作广告模型,得到了不同系统下制造商和强势零售商的最优合作广告策略、强势零售商和边缘零售商的最优订货策略,及他们的最优期望利润.通过对不同系统下均衡结果的比较分析,证明了分散式系统存在不协调.设计了实现渠道协调的联合契约,指出分散式协调系统下的联合契约不唯一,契约参数两两正相关,广告补贴率、产品批发价格和回购价格是制造商和强势零售商力量平衡的焦点.

  13. 多UAV协同搜索的博弈论模型及快速求解方法%Game Theory Based Multi-UAV Cooperative Searching Model and Fast Solution Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜继永; 张凤鸣; 毛红保; 刘华伟; 杨骥

    2013-01-01

    在分布式模型预测控制(DMPC)方法框架下,提出了一种局部Nash最优的分布式搜索优化决策方法.设计了基于人工势场的协同机制,给出了势场的形成条件,在此基础上建立了多机协同的图论模型.引入局部Nash最优的定义,通过在连通分量的局部范围进行Nash最优迭代,降低了问题的求解维度.建立了以节点出度刻画UAV决策优先度的模型,根据决策偏序关系,提出了对称、主从、主从-对称3种决策形式,并给出了相应的Nash、Stackelberg和Nash-Stackelberg的博弈模型,理论推导了该方法的计算复杂度.采用MPC和粒子群(PSO)优化相结合实现单架UAV的最优决策.仿真结果表明,所提出的方法能有效降低问题的求解规模和通信负担.%This paper proposed a local Nash optimal based distributed search decision method in the frame of distributed model predictive control (DMPC). To consider the interaction between the UAVs, a graph theory based multi-UAVs cooperative model was constructed, which was based on artificial potential field (AFP) cooperative mechanism. It proposed a connected component based hierarchical structure that decomposes the complex optimization problem into smaller, more manageable sub-problems, to reduce the computational complex and communication burden. In this approach, a decision priority sequence is determined by node output degree. According to the decision priority, the paper proposed three decision forms: symmetry, leader-follower(LF) and symmetry-LF form. The corresponding game models were generated. The MPC and particle swarm optimization (PSO) based method was implemented to solve the individual UAV decision making. The simulations show that this is potentially a good method for solving cooperative search problem involving a large number of vehicles with robust performance.

  14. COOPERATIVE SEARCH CONTROL METHOD WITH MULTI-UAVS FOR UNCERTAIN TARGETS%面向不确定目标的多无人机协同搜索控制方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴楠; 吴庆

    2015-01-01

    目标搜索是多无人机协同控制的重要研究内容。多架 UAV(Unmanned Aeiral Vehicle)同时对一个未知区域进行搜索,目的在于获取搜索区域的信息,尽可能多地发现目标。针对不确定目标的搜索问题,研究多无人机协同搜索控制的新方法。建立多UAV 运动模型,用目标存在概率对搜索环境进行描述,给出基于 Bayesian 准则的搜索环境更新方法,考虑了环境探测回报、目标发现回报和无人机协同回报,采用 MPC 实现对多目标优化问题的迭代求解。通过仿真实验和对比分析,证明了该方法具有更好的搜索性能。%Target search is an important research subject in multiple unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)cooperative control area.To search an unknown area with multiple-UAVs simultaneously is for obtaining regional information and to find as much targets as possible. Aiming at the search problem in regard to uncertain targets,we study a new method of multiple-UAVs cooperative search control.We build multiple-UAVs motion model,and describe the search environment by using target existence probability,and present a Bayesian criterion-based update method for search environment.With taking the environment detection reward,target discover reward and cooperative reward into consideration,we use MPC to implement the iterative solution on multi-objective optimisation.It is proved that the new method has better search performances through comparison and analysis in simulation experiments.

  15. Simulation Realization and Performance Analysis of Multi-cell Cooperation System%多小区协作系统的仿真实现及性能分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余金蓉

    2013-01-01

    基于对移动通信宽带化的认识,3GPP组织启动了LTE( Long Term Evolution)演进项目。 LTE-Advanced作为LTE的进一步演进版本,提出了很多新的关键技术,协作式多点传输( Coordinated Multiple Point ( CoMP) Transmission/Recep-tion)技术就是其中之一。该技术通过多个小区之间的联合调度或协作传输,降低邻区干扰,提高用户接收信号质量。文中通过对多小区协作系统传输模型的分析,设计并搭建了多小区协作系统仿真平台,主要包括网络拓扑结构, Wrap-around,大/小尺度衰落,链路干扰分析,自适应调制编码,预编码方案。在不同模式下,对系统进行了仿真与分析,结果表明该系统可以有效提高小区平均和小区边缘的频谱效率。%Based on the awareness of broadband mobile communications,3GPP started the LTE (Long Term Evolution) Project. As the further evolution of LTE,LTE-Advanced introduced a lot of new key technologies. Coordinated Multiple Point ( CoMP) Transmission/Reception technology is one of them. By joint operation or collaboration transmission for more than one cell,reduce interference with ad-jacent areas,thus improving the quality of the user receiving signal. In this paper,analysis of multi-cell cooperation system model,con-struct a system level simulation platform which includes network topology,Wrap-around,large/small-scale fading,link quality,AMC and pre-coding scheduling. Simulations under different situations are done,and it shows that multi-cell cooperation system can effectively improve spectral efficiency.

  16. 复杂网络条件下多UAV集结问题非合作求解方法%Non-cooperative solving method of multi-UAV rendezvous problem in complex network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庆杰; 王俊生; 金忠庆; 沈锡强

    2013-01-01

    针对复杂网络条件下多UAV系统任务区集结问题,提出了多机非合作求解方法.首先,基于协调变量和协调函数,建立多UAV集结问题的分布式求解框架.从任务特征出发,改进多智能体时延相关平均一致性算法,提出非合作优化一致性策略.该方法更强调平台的轨迹控制,弱化UAV对路径规划算法的要求,不仅能够降低集结问题的求解难度,而且使多UAV系统具有较强的动态响应能力.仿真实验验证了非合作优化一致性策略的正确性,多UAV能够在复杂网络条件下实现任务集结.%To solve the rendezvous problem in mission area for multiple unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) system in complex network,a non-cooperative method is proposed.Firstly,the distributed solving framework is provided based on coordination variables and coordination function.Considering the characteristics of the task,delay-dependent average consensus algorithm of multi-agent system is improved,and the non-cooperative optimal consensus strategy is presented.The proposed method emphasizes on the trajectory control of the platform,and thus weakens the requirements of the UAVs for the path planning algorithm.It can not only reduce the difficulty of solving rendezvous problem,but also strengthen the dynamic response capabilities of the mnlti-UAV system.The simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed method,and it is valid for solving the rendezvous problem of multi-UAV system in complex network.

  17. Target tracking by multi-sensor cooperation method based on distributed Nash Q-learning%基于分布式纳什Q学习的多传感器协同目标跟踪

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡佳; 黄长强; 高翔; 胡杰

    2012-01-01

    In order to solve the problem of excessive dependence on the environment model which exists in traditional target tracking algorithm, a multi-sensor cooperation target tracking method based on distributed Nash Q-learning is proposed. The reinforcement learning and distributed Nash Q-Learning theories were analyzed. The multi-sensor cooperative tracking situation was described; the nonlinear models of discrete system were established and its traditional solutions extended Kalman filtering was given. Sensor action and reward function were defined, which are crucial to the learning performance. Reward function was obtained by calculating the trace of prediction error covariance matrix. The probability statistics method based on Bayesian inference was presented to update the Q function. Simulation results of the bearing-only measurements target tracking show that this algorithm can enhance the sensors' environmental adaptiveness, realize the tracking effectiveness and improve the tracking accuracy compared with the traditional filtering algorithm.%针对传统目标跟踪算法过分依赖环境模型的问题,提出了一种基于分布式纳什Q学习的多传感器协同目标跟踪算法.分析了强化学习与分布式纳什Q学习算法的原理;描述了多传感器的协同跟踪态势,建立了离散系统的非线性模型,给出了传统的扩展卡尔曼滤波解决方法;定义了对分布式纳什Q学习性能影响至关重要的传感器行为和奖惩函数,奖惩函数通过计算预测误差方差阵的迹得到;采用基于贝叶斯推理的概率统计方法解决了Q函数的更新问题.纯方位量测信息的被动跟踪仿真结果表明,相比于传统滤波算法,该算法增强了传感器对环境变化的适应性,实现了对目标的有效跟踪,提高了跟踪精度.

  18. Cooperative multi-robot localization based on particle swarm optimization in the environment of wireless sensor%无线传感器环境下粒子群优化的多机器人协同定位研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程磊; 周明达; 吴怀宇; 李杰; 王永骥

    2015-01-01

    协同定位是多机器人自主行为的一项重要技术,重点描述了无线传感器网络环境下结合粒子群优化提出多机器人协同定位算法。该算法引入重采样,解决了粒子耗尽问题,扩大了解空间的范围,保证了种群的多样性,并且引入了惯性权重解决了粒子退化的问题。仿真结果表明,利用无线传感器网络进行辅助导航,采用粒子群优化算法,综合无线传感器网络进行辅助导航,融合各个机器人观测信息,可以降低求解问题的空间维数,在高斯噪声下能有效提高移动机器人定位精度。%Cooperative localization is an important technique of multi-robot ’ s autonomous behavior .In this paper , the multi-robot cooperative localization algorithm based on the optimization of particle swarm optimization under wireless sensor network environment is described .The resampling algorithm is introduced to solve the problem of particle depletion , enlarge the scope of solution space and guarantee the diversity of population .The introduction of inertia weight provides a solution for the particle degradation .Simulation results showed that by using the particle swarm optimization algorithm , which is supported by wireless sensor network to assist navigation and integrating ro-bots’ observation information , the spatial dimensions of the problem can be reduced .In addition, the accuracy of robot localization can be improved effectively under the background of Gaussian noise .

  19. INTELLIGENT RESOLUTION OF COOPERATIVE CONFLICT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    First, the concept of cooperative conflict is presented, and the characteristic of cooperative air combat is researched. Then, four methods of conflict resolution are designed by way of the first order predicate logic, I.e., link-up, coordination, accommodation and integration, and corresponding examples are given. A 2 vs 2 air combat simulation was carried out; after conflict resolution, the loss ratio is dropped to 0.54 from the original 1.32, so the enhancement of effectiveness is notable. The present research findings are that the wide conflicts discover the essence of multi-fighter cooperation, I.e., to as fully as possible enhance the effectiveness of each fighter to attain global optimization, and that the possibility of conflict resolution shows the application prospect. The proposed method in this paper is a helpful try to the application of the Fifth Generation Computer in the new generation of C3I system.

  20. Algorithm for Multi-Axis Cooperative Control of Aircraft Component Flexible Assembly%飞机部件柔性装配多轴协同控制算法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄果; 王仲奇; 康永刚; 胡玉龙

    2013-01-01

    根据飞机部件柔性装配多轴协同控制的需求,采用模糊自整定PID算法进行实时控制.依据模糊自整定PID控制策略和PID参数的整定原则,结合MATLAB软件,用MATLAB语言编程与SIMULINK相结合的方法实现了一种飞机部件柔性装配模糊自整定PID控制器的设计、分析与仿真.%According to the aircraft component flexible assembly multi-axis cooperative control requirements, fuzzy self-tuning PID algorithm is used for realtime control. Based on fuzzy self-tuning PID control strategy and PID parameters setting principle, combined with the MATLAB software, MATLAB language programming and SIMULINK is combined to realize a kind of aircraft parts flexible assembly fuzzy self-tuning PID controller design, analysis and simulation.

  1. Cooperative vehicle routing problem: an opportunity for cost saving

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zibaei, Sedighe; Hafezalkotob, Ashkan; Ghashami, Seyed Sajad

    2016-02-01

    In this paper, a novel methodology is proposed to solve a cooperative multi-depot vehicle routing problem. We establish a mathematical model for multi-owner VRP in which each owner (i.e. player) manages single or multiple depots. The basic idea consists of offering an option that owners cooperatively manage the VRP to save their costs. We present cooperative game theory techniques for cost saving allocations which are obtained from various coalitions of owners. The methodology is illustrated with a numerical example in which different coalitions of the players are evaluated along with the results of cooperation and cost saving allocation methods.

  2. Interference Cancellation in Cooperative CDMA Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Rajeswari

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The wireless communication networks are subjected to multi access interference and multipath fading. To minimize the interference cancellation in CDMA networks, multiple user detection schemes and cooperative communication networks are used. consider the uplink of a cooperative CDMA network, where users cooperate by relaying each other’s messages to the base station. When spreading waveforms are not orthogonal, multiple access interference (MAI exists at the relays and the destination, causing cooperative diversity gains to diminish. To overcome this problem, we integrate various multiuser detection (MUD schemes to mitigate MAI in achieving the full advantages of cooperation. Specifically, the relay-assisted decorrelating multiuser detector (RADMUD is proposed to separate interfering signals at the destination with the help of precoding at the relays along with pre-whitening at the destination. In this paper we examined the BER performance of various MUD schemes are analyzed and compared with cooperative system. The advantages of RAD-MUD with co-operative communication shows better BER performance compared with non co-operative wireless communication system and other existing cooperative MUD schemes are also shown through MATLAB Simulations.

  3. 基于期刊论文和专利文献的多层科研合作关系网络研究1)%Research on Multi layered Scholarly Cooperation Network Based on Journal Articles and Patents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯元元; 夏勇其; 刘彤; 吕华侨

    2014-01-01

    本文从多层关系网络视角出发,构建基于论文和专利的多层科研合作关系网络。通过对燃料电池论文和专利数据的实证研究发现:多层科研合作关系网络相比论文合著网络和专利合作网络,能更好的反映各个机构之间的科研合作关系,识别科研合作网络中有重要影响力的节点,为我国企业推荐技术合作者提供帮助。通过对论文合著网络、专利合作网络、多层科研合作关系网络三种网络中介中心性的分析,发现在论文合著网络和专利合作网络中的重要节点,在多层科研合作关系网络中同样发挥着重要的作用,并且三种合作网络的中介中心性曲线都服从Zifp Pareto分布。%In this paper, a multi layered scientific research cooperation network is established from the perspective of multi layered relation network. By studying periodical thesis and patent literature on fuel cell technologies, this paper reaches a conclusion that: compared with periodical thesis coauthor network and patent cooperation network, the multi layered scientific research cooperation network can better reflect scientific cooperation among various institutions and more easily identify influential nodes in the network, thus providing help in recommending technology cooperator to enterprises. With analysis of betweenness centrality of the mentioned three networks, it is also found that many important nodes in the former two play the same significant role in the multi layered scientific research cooperation network and betweenness centrality curves of the three are all subject to Zifp Pareto distribution.

  4. 基于多群体改进萤火虫算法的UCAV协同多目标分配%Target Assignment in Cooperative Attacking of UCAVs Based on Multi-Intelligence Improved Glowworm Swarm Optimization Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王永泉; 罗建军

    2014-01-01

    对多UCAV协同攻击目标分配问题进行了研究。以收益指标、消耗指标及航程指标为准则建立数学模型,采用改进的萤火虫优化算法对模型进行求解;对基本萤火虫优化算法进行了改进,给出了新的萤火虫更新策略,引入了局部搜索及全局信息交换机制,并将萤火虫优化算法与混合蛙跳算法融合,实现了多智能群体共同进化,提出了一种基于多群体改进萤火虫优化算法的UCAV目标分配算法;针对UCAV协同攻击决策特点,设计了萤火虫离散编码方式,最终得到多UCAV协同攻击最优分配方案。仿真结果表明,多群体萤火虫优化算法能够稳定快速地给出目标分配最优方案。%A target allocation algorithm based on multi-intelligence improved glowworm swarm optimization ( MIG-SO) algorithm is proposed. A model of decision-making is built up by taking benefit index, loss index and range in-dex as the criteria, and the MIGSO is used to solve the model. Finally the optimal allocation scheme for multi-air-craft cooperative attacking is gotten. According to the characteristics of UCAV attack decision making, a special coding for firefly particle and firefly update strategy is presented. With shuffled frog leaping algorithm (SFLA), glowworms are divided into different ethnic groups, and local search and global information exchange method im-proves GSO performance. SFLA is also combined with GSO, which realize the co-evolution of the two kinds of groups. The simulation results shows that the MIGSO algorithm can give the optimal target assignment solution quickly and effectively.

  5. 车路协同系统仿真信息多分辨率交互方法%Multi-resolution Information Exchange Method in Cooperation Vehicle-Infrastructure System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李四辉; 蔡伯根; 上官伟; 郭科研; 刘宇

    2014-01-01

    车路协同系统仿真研究对于交通系统的发展具有重要的意义。为了研究车路协同系统的仿真关键技术并构建车路协同系统仿真平台,本文提出信息多分辨率交互方法解决基于HLA的系统仿真过程中的网络拥塞问题,建立了高分辨率车辆行驶状态信息模型、中分辨率车队状态信息模型、低分辨率交通流信息模型,运用聚合解聚法实现不同信息分辨率间的仿真过程,采用模糊预测发送缓冲区信息排队长度方法确定多分辨率模型间的聚合解聚时机。通过仿真管理器联邦成员的运行结果分析表明,该方法能够有效减少系统属性吞吐量,从而较好控制网络拥塞,降低系统属性延时,提高仿真效率。%Research of cooperation vehicle-infrastructure system (CVIS) is a great significance for the transportation system development. In order to study the CVIS simulation’s key technology and build up the simulation platform, multi-resolution information interaction method is presented to solve the network congestion problems based on HLA when simulation, a high-resolution information model of vehicle running state, a middle-resolution information model of fleet status and a-low resolution model of traffic flow are established. The simulation of multi-resolution information interaction is achieved by aggregation and disaggregation method, while the time of aggregation and disaggregation determined by queue length of buffer which transmitted from fuzzy prediction. The analysis shows that the method can effectively reduce the system properties throughput by the results of the simulation manager federate, so as to better control network congestion and decline the delay of system properties, it can also improve the CVIS simulation efficiency.

  6. Supply and Marketing Cooperatives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ China Supply and Marketing Cooperatives Council of CCPIT was established in March 1996. It is an institution under direct leadership of China Supply and Market-ing Cooperatives and at the same time a branch of China Council for Promotion of International Trade, with its major task to promoting and facilitating export-oriented economic trade and technological cooper-ation of the national supply and marketing cooperative system.

  7. Channel Measurements and Characteristics for Cooperative Positioning Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wang, Wei; Steinböck, Gerhard; Jost, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    We have conducted an indoor channel measurement campaign to characterize the propagation channel for the development of cooperative positioning algorithms. The campaign focused particularly on the characteristics of multi-link channels with applications to positioning. In this contribution we...

  8. Gredos San Diego Cooperative. Cooperate to undertake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos de la Higuera

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the cooperative experience through Gredos San Diego model, its institutional approaches and its history from the point of view of management, focusing on the variables that enable the success of a collective ownership institution. First, the author makes a brief analysis of the principles that guide the cooperative, its origins and its current situation, including the development of GSD Cooperative Group. It continues exploring the evolution of management, dividing it into four distinct stages, and concludes with a summary with the findings of the previous president of the cooperative.Received: 23.07.2012Accepted: 10.09.2012

  9. Synergy optimization and operation management on syndicate complementary knowledge cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tu, Kai-Jan

    2014-10-01

    The number of multi enterprises knowledge cooperation has grown steadily, as a result of global innovation competitions. I have conducted research based on optimization and operation studies in this article, and gained the conclusion that synergy management is effective means to break through various management barriers and solve cooperation's chaotic systems. Enterprises must communicate system vision and access complementary knowledge. These are crucial considerations for enterprises to exert their optimization and operation knowledge cooperation synergy to meet global marketing challenges.

  10. Multi-National Cooperation in Space Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-01

    8 Figure 3 Sea Launch System (From: Energia ) .................................................................9 Figure 4 Primary...some lessons may still be drawn. Sea Launch is a joint effort between Boeing (U.S.), RSC Energia (Russia), SDO Yuzhnoye/PO Yuzhmash (Ukraine...operations, and home port management. RSC Energia provides the Block DM upper stage, launch vehicle integration, ground systems and launch operations. SDO

  11. A cultural algorithm with spatial Fuzzy set to solve Multi-UAVs cooperative path planning in a three dimensional environment%一种三维多UAV协同航迹规划的空间模糊文化算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵明; 赵玲玲; 苏小红; 马培军; 张彦航

    2015-01-01

    针对多无人机在三维环境下航迹规划搜索空间大、多机协同困难等问题,提出一种基于空间模糊表示和差分进化相结合的文化算法.该方法首先用模糊集合表示三维空间网格点,提高关键路径点的被关注度;然后组合空间模糊信息、历史信息和协同信息成为文化算法的信念空间,用以剪枝规划的搜索空间;在文化算法的种群空间则利用差分进化生成满足多机协同约束的优解,并用差分获得的未知领域知识扩展信念空间,保证进化种群的多样性;最后,通过共享信息促进知识的积累和修正搜索的方向.仿真实验表明,该方法提高了关键路径点选取的效率,能够探索空间中更多的未知区域,避免求解陷入局部最优,更符合多机协同的需求,有助于快速规划出多条可行的协同航迹.%The Multi-UAVs cooperative path planning has a complex search space in 3D environment, while the cooperative of Multi-UAVs is very hard to deal with. So a novel cultural algorithm based on spatial fuzzy set and differential evolution is proposed in this paper. The proposed approach uses fuzzy set to present spatial grid points in 3D, so that the key way-points on path should be paid more attention. Then the spatial fuzzy knowledge, history knowledge and cooperative knowledge that contained in the belief space of cultural algorithm prune the search space of Multi-UAVs path planning. Moreover, this approach uses differential evolution as the population space of cultural algorithm to generate the optimal solution, while it satisfies the constraints of multi-UAVs cooperative. The differential also extends the belief space with the unknown information of spatial to ensure the population diversity. In addition, the cultural algorithm exchanges the shared information, so that it accumulates the knowledge and revises the searching direction. The simulation results show that the spatial grid points based on fuzzy set

  12. Cooperative Online Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morten Flate Paulsen

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Cooperative learning seeks to develop virtual learning environments that allow students to have optimal individual freedom within online learning communities. The pedagogical and administrative challenges with regard to accommodating both individual freedom and cooperation are explained in the Theory of Cooperative Freedom. This article shows that cooperative learning can be implemented successfully through a set of instruments or means. To illustrate this with current examples, the article presents NKI Distance Education’s surveys and experiences with cooperative learning. The article also discusses how issues such as web 2.0, transparency, learning partners and individual progression plans relate to cooperative online education.

  13. Power Allocation for Multi-relay Cooperative Systems Based on Glowworm Swarm Optimization Algorithm%基于萤火虫算法的多中继功率分配

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐思腾; 刘紫燕; 帅暘

    2014-01-01

    To fully realize the potentials of relay-assisted transmission and reduce the computational com-plexity of power allocation for multi-relay cooperative communication systems,a power allocation scheme based on glowworm swarm optimization( GSO) algorithm is proposed. With a total transmiting power and per-node transmitting power constraints,the power allocation optimization model is presented to maximize the average signal-to-noise ratio( SNR) . The objective function is selected as fitness function of GSO,sta-tus of fireflies is measured by a vector,of which each element represents power of source node and the relay node,respectively. Most fireflies in the GSO gather at the location where the fitness function value is the best,i. e. asymptotically optimal power allocation scheme is obtained. Simulation and numerical results demonstrate that power allocation scheme based on GSO achieves better performance with lower bit error rate up to 2. 44% ~6. 17% compared with equal power allocation(EPA).%为了充分实现中继协作,降低多中继协作通信系统功率分配优化问题的计算复杂度,提出了基于萤火虫算法的多中继功率分配方案。在一定的总功率和节点功率约束下,以最大化平均信噪比为优化目标函数,建立了多中继协作系统的功率分配最优化模型。选取该目标函数作为萤火虫的适应度函数,用向量表示萤火虫的状态,该向量的维数为待分配源节点和中继节点的个数,通过萤火虫聚集得到种群中最好的萤火虫,即可获得渐进最优功率分配。仿真结果表明,与平均功率分配相比,基于萤火虫算法的功率分配方案能降低2.44%~6.17%的比特差错率,提高了系统性能。

  14. 应用离散粒子群-郭涛算法分配多无人机协同任务%Cooperative task allocation of multi-UAVs with mixed DPSO-GT algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    针对以往考虑时间窗约束的多无人机协同任务分配问题模型不能反映在有效时间窗内,任务执行时间对任务收益的影响及求解算法效率较低的问题。建立了将任务收益和任务执行时间直接联系起来的任务分配模型和可行解到粒子整数编码方式的映射,设计了混合离散粒子群-郭涛算法的组合优化问题求解策略。借助粒子群算法利用粒子自身信息和种群有用信息指导种群进化的本质特点,优化郭涛算法的适应性序列倒置操作;设计了可变的学习选择概率来选择个体的学习粒子,改进了序列倒置算子。仿真实验验证了该方法处理复杂任务分配问题的有效性。%A general mathematics model for cooperative task allocation of multi-UAVs with time windows constrains was proposed which incorporating task gains and execution time directly,and simplifing the model formulation and algorithm designing.By defining a suitable particle structure,an algorithm based on the principles of discrete particle swarm optimization and Guo Tao algorithm was designed.The Inver-over Operator was directed by the swarm,the local and global optimal.Variable learning selection probability is introduced into the algorithm to select the learning particles,and the Inver-Over operator was modified.Simulation verifies the proposed task planning methodology for complex missions.

  15. Cooperative Tagging Center (CTC)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Cooperative Tagging Center (CTC) began as the Cooperative Game Fish Tagging Program (GTP) at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute (WHOI) in 1954. The GTP was...

  16. Dynamics sequential logic model and mechanism for cooperation to solve task of complex self-adaptive multi-agent systems%复杂系统的MAS动态协作求解时序逻辑模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋伟进; 蒋星军; 姚丽娜

    2012-01-01

    借助于组织学思想,将自适应系统中的自主运行单元抽象为Agent,把复杂自适应系统视为多Agent组织,从时间和状态角度,对复杂动态系统的行为进行描述.提出了基于时序活动逻辑的多Agent动态协作任务求解自适应机制和构造模型;详细分析了任务求解BDIAgent的信念、愿望、意图的产生过程和实现方法;深入讨论了协商推理的语义规则和行为规则;给出了协作群组的选择算法,包括从群组的建立、选择任务Agent、分解和分配子任务;从任务求解Agent的心智变化角度,详细描述了动态协作任务求解模型实现的6个阶段:任务动态分配、协作意愿产生、协作群体生成、共同计划制定、协作群体行动和结果评估.通过在MAGE等平台上的实验和仿真测试,验证了方法的可行性和有效性.%From the ideas of tissue,the running unit of the self-adaptive system was abstracted as Agent.The complex adaptive system was regarded as a multi-Agent organization. From the perspective of time and status the behavior of the complex dynamic systems was described. Temporal logic multi-Agent based dynamic adaptive mechanisms and the task solving cooperation structure model were proposed. Detailed a-nalysis was made of the task to solve BDI Agenfs belief, desire, intention and realization of the production process. The negotiation of rules and semantic inference rules of conduct was fully discussed. The collaborative group selection algorithm was presented, including the establishment from the group. Selection of the Task Agent, decomposition and allocation of subtasks. From the changing angle of the Agenfs mind to solve the task, a detailed description was given of the task to solve the model to achieve dynamic collaboration of six stages: dynamic allocation of tasks, collaboration production, collaborative groups generation, common planning, collaborative groups, action and evaluation of results

  17. Extensive Dialogues and Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Chinese Taipei On March 23,Chairman Wan Jifei of the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (CCPIT) and Board Chairman Wang Zhigang of the Taipei World Trade Center (TWTC) signed a cooperation agreement at the Taipei World Trade Tower,marking the new page of the development of cooperation and relations between the two organizations and the establishment of their cooperation mechanism.

  18. Sorting and sustaining cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vikander, Nick

    2013-01-01

    This paper looks at cooperation in teams where some people are selfish and others are conditional cooperators, and where lay-offs will occur at a fixed future date. I show that the best way to sustain cooperation prior to the lay-offs is often in a sorting equilibrium, where conditional cooperato...

  19. Designing for cooperation - cooperating in design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kyng, Morten

    1991-01-01

    This article will discuss how to design computer applications that enhance the quality of work and products, and will relate the discussion to current themes in the field of Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW). Cooperation is a key element of computer use and work practice, yet here...... a specific "CSCW approach is not taken." Instead the focus is cooperation as an important aspect of work that should be integrated into most computer support efforts in order to develop successful computer support, however, other aspects such as power, conflict and control must also be considered....

  20. Cooperative strategies European perspectives

    CERN Document Server

    Killing, J Peter

    1997-01-01

    Cooperative Strategies: European Perspectives is one of three geographically targeted volumes in which the contributors present the most current research on topics such as advances in theories of cooperative strategies, the formation of cooperative alliances, the dynamics of partner relationships, and the role of information and knowledge in cooperative alliances. Blending conceptual insights with empirical analyses, the contributors highlight commonalities and differences across national, cultural, and trade zones. The chapters in this volume are anchored in a wide set of theoretical approaches, conceptual frameworks, and models, illustrating how rich the area of cooperative strategies is for scholarly inquiry.

  1. Toward the Automated Synthesis of Cooperative Mobile Robot Teams

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, L.E.

    1998-11-01

    A current limitation in the real-world use of cooperating mobiIe robots is the difficulty in determining the proper team composition for a given robotic application. Present technology restricts the design and implementation of cooperative robot teams to the expertise of a robotics researcher, who has to develop robot teams on an application-specific basis. The objective of our research is to reduce the complexity of cooperative robotic systems through the development of a methodology that enables the automated synthesis of cooperative robot teams. We propose an approach to this problem that uses a combination of the theories of sensori-computational systems and information invariants, building on the earlier work of Donald, Rus, et al. We describe the notion of defining equivalence classes that serve as fundamental building blocks of more complex cooperative mobile robot behaviors. We postulate a methodology for framing mission requirements in terms of the goals and constraints of the problem, incorporating issues such as multi-robot interference, communication, control strategy, robot complexity, and so forth, into the mechanism. Our initial work restricts the robot application and design space to three multi-robot application domains we have previously studied and implemented: keeping formation, "mock" hazardous waste cleanup, and cooperative observation. This paper presents the foundational ideas upon which our approach to cooperative team design is based. Keywords: Cooperative behaviors, behavior synthesis, multi-robot learning

  2. Dilemmas of partial cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark, Hans-Ulrich

    2010-08-01

    Related to the often applied cooperation models of social dilemmas, we deal with scenarios in which defection dominates cooperation, but an intermediate fraction of cooperators, that is, "partial cooperation," would maximize the overall performance of a group of individuals. Of course, such a solution comes at the expense of cooperators that do not profit from the overall maximum. However, because there are mechanisms accounting for mutual benefits after repeated interactions or through evolutionary mechanisms, such situations can constitute "dilemmas" of partial cooperation. Among the 12 ordinally distinct, symmetrical 2 x 2 games, three (barely considered) variants are correspondents of such dilemmas. Whereas some previous studies investigated particular instances of such games, we here provide the unifying framework and concisely relate it to the broad literature on cooperation in social dilemmas. Complementing our argumentation, we study the evolution of partial cooperation by deriving the respective conditions under which coexistence of cooperators and defectors, that is, partial cooperation, can be a stable outcome of evolutionary dynamics in these scenarios. Finally, we discuss the relevance of such models for research on the large biodiversity and variation in cooperative efforts both in biological and social systems.

  3. To cooperate or not to cooperate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wessels, Josepha Ivanka

    To Cooperate or not to Cooperate...? discusses results of a research project to study the rehabilitation of 1500-year old water tunnels, so called "qanats", in Syria. Communities all over the world are using traditional technologies to extract drinkingwater, irrigate their lands and feed their li......To Cooperate or not to Cooperate...? discusses results of a research project to study the rehabilitation of 1500-year old water tunnels, so called "qanats", in Syria. Communities all over the world are using traditional technologies to extract drinkingwater, irrigate their lands and feed...... their livestock. But these often sustainable and ancient ways to make use of groundwater are in rapid decline worldwide. A research project started in 1999 to study the rehabilitation of 1500-year old water tunnels called "qanats"in Syria. To Cooperate or not to Cooperate...? discusses results and outcomes...... of this research project. The main objective of this research is to better understand the proces of collective maintenance of these ancient water tunnels. The study evaluates the social, cultural, political and environmental factors that have driven abandonment and decay of qanats in Syria. It tries to reconcile...

  4. Denmark's Energy Cooperation with Emerging Powers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martins, Bruno Oliveira; Schvartzman, Yonatan; Jørgensen, Knud Erik

    2015-01-01

    This chapter addresses the energy cooperation between Denmark and South Africa, China and other emerging economic powers. It conducts an empirical analysis departing from the theoretical concept of multi-level energy governance, inquiring the way international transactions within the realm...... and vectors. The following section covers the international dimension of the energy policy pursued by Denmark by exploring the way it cooperates with Emerging Powers. Afterwards, the chapter addresses the role played by the EU in these dynamics, in the context of EU’s proclaimed preference for multilateral...

  5. Cooperative networking in a heterogeneous wireless medium

    CERN Document Server

    Ismail, Muhammad

    2013-01-01

    This brief focuses on radio resource allocation in a heterogeneous wireless medium. It presents radio resource allocation algorithms with decentralized implementation, which support both single-network and multi-homing services. The brief provides a set of cooperative networking algorithms, which rely on the concepts of short-term call traffic load prediction, network cooperation, convex optimization, and decomposition theory. In the proposed solutions, mobile terminals play an active role in the resource allocation operation, instead of their traditional role as passive service recipients in the networking environment.

  6. 通信和测量受限条件下异构多UAV分布式协同目标跟踪方法%Distributed Cooperation Target Tracking for Heterogeneous MultiUAV Under Communication and Measurement Constraints

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙海波; 周锐; 邹丽; 丁全心

    2011-01-01

    研究了通信和测量受限的异构多无人机(UAV)网络化分布式协同目标观测与跟踪问题.该分布式UAV系统采用长机一僚机异构型网络结构,以实现在电子静默和战术隐身条件下扩大探测和打击纵深.提出改进的一致性信息滤波(ICF)算法,实现通信和测量范围内各UAV节点的分布式信息融合.由于一致性算法的收敛性与网络拓扑结构的连通性密切相关,引入通信连接鲁棒性作为最优控制的指标函数之一,以解决通信和测量受限条件下的UAV分布式滤波与控制问题.将长机作为控制中心.使用滚动时域优化(RHO)方法求最优解,导引各架UAV按最优轨迹飞行,以获取最好的跟踪效果.仿真表明,在网络连接性比较强时,改进的ICF算法可以达到与集中式信息滤波(IEIF)相当的效果.与没有考虑通信连接鲁棒性的控制对比表明,该算法可以加强通信拓扑连通性,提高一致性算法的收敛性和跟踪精度,改善系统的可靠性和鲁棒性.%This article presents a study of the network distributed cooperation observation and tracking of heterogeneous multi-unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) based on local communication and limited detection range. The distributed UAV system adopts a heterogeneous Leader-Follower type network structure for the purpose of enlarging detection and attack depth under electronic silence and tactic invisibility. An improved information consensus filter (ICF) is proposed to achieve distributed data fusion for the UAVs within their communication and measurement range. Because the convergence of the consensus algorithm is relevant to the connectivity of the topology graph, communication connectivity robustness is introduced as an optimal index to solve the distributed filter and control problem of the UAVs under communication and measurement constraints.The Leader acts as the control center, while receding horizon optimization (RHO) is used to obtain the optimal

  7. Small groups and long memories promote cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Alexander J; Plotkin, Joshua B

    2016-06-01

    Complex social behaviors lie at the heart of many of the challenges facing evolutionary biology, sociology, economics, and beyond. For evolutionary biologists the question is often how group behaviors such as collective action, or decision making that accounts for memories of past experience, can emerge and persist in an evolving system. Evolutionary game theory provides a framework for formalizing these questions and admitting them to rigorous study. Here we develop such a framework to study the evolution of sustained collective action in multi-player public-goods games, in which players have arbitrarily long memories of prior rounds of play and can react to their experience in an arbitrary way. We construct a coordinate system for memory-m strategies in iterated n-player games that permits us to characterize all cooperative strategies that resist invasion by any mutant strategy, and stabilize cooperative behavior. We show that, especially when groups are small, longer-memory strategies make cooperation easier to evolve, by increasing the number of ways to stabilize cooperation. We also explore the co-evolution of behavior and memory. We find that even when memory has a cost, longer-memory strategies often evolve, which in turn drives the evolution of cooperation, even when the benefits for cooperation are low.

  8. 产学研战略联盟合作动机多理论视角研究及实证探讨%Multi-theoretical Perspective Study and Empirical Investigation on Cooperative Motives of Production-Education-Research Strategic Alliance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋兴华; 张明

    2012-01-01

    Cooperative motives are the primary impetus of the forming and development of production - education - research strategic alliance. The paper analyzes the cooperative motives of multi - theoretical perspective oof production - education -research strategic alliance in transaction cost economics theory, value chain theory, organizational learning theory, resources strategic concept theory and so on . At last, the paper has an investigation research on the cooperative motives of production - education - research strategic alliance in Guangdong province.%合作动机是产学研战略联盟形成与发展的原动力.文章分别从交易成本经济学、价值链理论、组织学习理论、资源战略观等理论视角对产学研战略联盟合作动机进行了分析,并以广东省产学研战略联盟为调查研究对象,对产学研战略联盟合作动机进行调查研究.

  9. 多 UAV 协同任务规划层次分解及约束处理方法研究%Research on layer disassembling and constraint handling methods of multi-UAV cooperative mission planning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王新增; 王爱军; 周文; 王英泓

    2013-01-01

    Aiming at the complexity of multi⁃UAV cooperative mission planning,the paper describes the construction of the framework of multi⁃UAV cooperative mission planning system,analyzes the layer characteristics of multi⁃UAV cooperative mission planning and presents the layered strategy for multi⁃UAV cooperative mission planning. On different layers,the multi⁃UAV coopera⁃tive mission planning falls into two subproblems which refer to multi⁃UAV task assignment and multi⁃UAV coordinated route plan⁃ning. In addition,the logical flow of the multi⁃UAV cooperative mission planning is designed,and thus the calculation difficulty of the task planning is efficiently reduced. The research results have guiding significance for multi⁃UAV cooperative task planning.%  针对多 UAV 协同任务规划问题的复杂性,构建了多 UAV 协同任务规划系统的总体框架,分析了多 UAV 协同任务的层次特性,提出了多 UAV 协同任务规划分层策略;在不同层次上,将多 UAV 协同任务规划问题抽象为多 UAV 协同任务分配和多 UAV 协同航迹规划两个子问题;设计了任务规划逻辑流程,有效降低了任务规划问题的求解难度。对多 UAV 协同任务规划具有指导意义。

  10. Web-based Cooperative Learning in College Chemistry Teaching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bin Jiang

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available With the coming of information era, information process depend on internet and multi-media technology in education becomes the new approach of present teaching model reform. Web-based cooperative learning is becoming a popular learning approach with the rapid development of web technology. The paper aims to how to carry out the teaching strategy of web-based cooperative learning and applied in the foundation chemistry teaching.It was shown that with the support of modern web-based teaching environment, students' cooperative learning capacity and overall competence can be better improved and the problems of interaction in large foundation chemistry classes can be solved. Web-based cooperative learning can improve learning performance of students, what's more Web-based cooperative learning provides students with cooperative skills, communication skills, creativity, critical thinking skills and skills in information technology application.

  11. Relay vs. User Cooperation in Time-Duplexed Multiaccess Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Sankar, Lalitha; Mandayam, Narayan B

    2008-01-01

    The performance of user-cooperation in a multi-access network is compared to that of using a wireless relay. Using the total transmit and processing power consumed at all nodes as a cost metric, the outage probabilities achieved by dynamic decode-and-forward (DDF) and amplify-and-forward (AF) are compared for the two networks. A geometry-inclusive high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) outage analysis in conjunction with area-averaged numerical simulations shows that user and relay cooperation achieve a maximum diversity of K and 2 respectively for a K-user multiaccess network under both DDF and AF. However, when accounting for energy costs of processing and communication, relay cooperation can be more energy efficient than user cooperation, i.e., relay cooperation achieves coding (SNR) gains, particularly in the low SNR regime, that override the diversity advantage of user cooperation.

  12. An Approach to Multi-media Network Environment-Based Cooperative Teaching Mode of English Reading in Higher Vocational Education%多媒体网络环境下的高职英语阅读合作教学模式初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古夕虹

    2012-01-01

    Combining multi-media network technology with co-operative learning and based on some second language acquisition theories,this project constructs an English reading teaching mode,namely,"Multi-media Network Environment-Based ARDCA Cooperative Teaching Mode of English Reading in Higher Vocat-ional Education".This model has been applied to our teaching practice and has achieved very good results.%本项目将多媒体网络技术和合作学习相结合,以二语习得理论为理论基础,构建了以"激趣(Activate)-阅读(Read)-讨论(Discuss)-创造(Create)—评价(Assess)"为主线的"多媒体网络环境下的高职英语ARD-CA阅读合作教学模式",并将之运用于高职英语阅读教学中,在实践中取得了良好的效果。

  13. Cooperative wireless communications

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Yan

    2009-01-01

    Cooperative devices and mechanisms are increasingly important to enhance the performance of wireless communications and networks, with their ability to decrease power consumption and packet loss rate and increase system capacity, computation, and network resilience. Considering the wide range of applications, strategies, and benefits associated with cooperative wireless communications, researchers and product developers need a succinct understanding of relevant theory, fundamentals, and techniques to navigate this challenging field. ""Cooperative Wireless Communications"" provides just that. I

  14. Cooperative Station History Forms

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Various forms, photographs and correspondence documenting the history of Cooperative station instrumentation, location changes, inspections, and...

  15. Futures for energy cooperatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1981-01-01

    A listing of Federal agencies and programs with potential funding for community-scale cooperatives using conservation measures and solar technologies is presented in Section 1. Section 2 presents profiles of existing community energy cooperatives describing their location, history, membership, services, sources of finance and technical assistance. A condensed summary from a recent conference on Energy Cooperatives featuring notes on co-op members' experiences, problems, and opportunities is presented in Section 3. Section 4 lists contacts for additional information. A National Consumer Cooperative Bank Load Application is shown in the appendix.

  16. Cooperation or Silent Rivalry?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zank, Wolfgang

    2010-01-01

    a gravitational pull which goes beyond economic problems. Furthermore, the EU has gradually built up a coherent policy on many fields. The EU has become the “reform anchor” and most important cooperation partner for Egypt. The progress towards increasing Egypt’s “Stake in the Internal Market” places cooperation...... on an increasingly institutionalized basis. In terms of military cooperation the US is still the partner for Egypt. But outside the military sphere institutionalized cooperation is comparatively week. In particular the failure of the US to conclude a free-trade agreement has been crucial. But it would be wrong...

  17. Cooperative Feedback for MIMO Interference Channels

    CERN Document Server

    Huang, Kaibin

    2010-01-01

    Multi-antenna precoding effectively mitigates the interference in wireless networks. However, the precoding efficiency can be significantly degraded by the overhead due to the required feedback of channel state information (CSI). This paper addresses such an issue by proposing a systematic method of designing precoders for the two-user multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) interference channels based on finite-rate CSI feedback from receivers to their interferers, called cooperative feedback. Specifically, each precoder is decomposed into inner and outer precoders for nulling interference and improving the data link array gain, respectively. The inner precoders are further designed to suppress residual interference resulting from finite-rate cooperative feedback. To regulate residual interference due to precoder quantization, additional scalar cooperative feedback signals are designed to control transmitters' power using different criteria including applying interference margins, maximizing sum throughput, an...

  18. 3D Visualization of Cooperative Trajectories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, John A.

    2014-01-01

    Aerodynamicists and biologists have long recognized the benefits of formation flight. When birds or aircraft fly in the upwash region of the vortex generated by leaders in a formation, induced drag is reduced for the trail bird or aircraft, and efficiency improves. The major consequence of this is that fuel consumption can be greatly reduced. When two aircraft are separated by a large enough longitudinal distance, the aircraft are said to be flying in a cooperative trajectory. A simulation has been developed to model autonomous cooperative trajectories of aircraft; however it does not provide any 3D representation of the multi-body system dynamics. The topic of this research is the development of an accurate visualization of the multi-body system observable in a 3D environment. This visualization includes two aircraft (lead and trail), a landscape for a static reference, and simplified models of the vortex dynamics and trajectories at several locations between the aircraft.

  19. Cellular cooperation: insights from microbes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celiker, Hasan; Gore, Jeff

    2013-01-01

    Cooperation between cells is a widespread phenomenon in nature, found across diverse systems ranging from microbial populations to multicellular organisms. For cooperation to evolve and be maintained within a population of cells, costs due to competition have to be outweighed by the benefits gained through cooperative actions. Because cooperation generally confers a cost to the cooperating cells, defector cells that do not cooperate but reap the benefits of cooperation can thrive and eventually drive the cooperating phenotypes to extinction. Here we summarize recent advances made in understanding how cooperation and multicellularity can evolve in microbial populations in the face of such conflicts and discuss parallels with cell populations within multicellular organisms.

  20. Cooperation or Silent Rivalry?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zank, Wolfgang

    2010-01-01

    on an increasingly institutionalized basis. In terms of military cooperation the US is still the partner for Egypt. But outside the military sphere institutionalized cooperation is comparatively week. In particular the failure of the US to conclude a free-trade agreement has been crucial. But it would be wrong...

  1. Readings in Cooperative Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leventhal, Jerome I.

    Twenty-three journal articles on cooperative education were selected in a review of the literature by two Temple University graduate classes in the fall of 1975 and the spring of 1976 for those interested in the role of coordinating cooperative education programs. The journal readings consist of articles on theory/planning (6), implementation…

  2. Coordination and Cooperation

    OpenAIRE

    Janssen, Maarten

    2003-01-01

    textabstractThis comment makes four related points. First, explaining coordination is different from explaining cooperation. Second, solving the coordination problem is more important for the theory of games than solving the cooperation problem. Third, a version of the Principle of Coordination can be rationalized on individualistic grounds. Finally, psychological game theory should consider how players perceive their gaming situation. ---------------------------------------------------------...

  3. Cooperation, compensation and transition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ju, Y.

    2004-01-01

    Cooperation and compensation are two important and well-linked issues in economics. The central question in cooperation is how to share the joint gains among participating players. Compensation is a specific aspect of surplus sharing problems providing incentives for agents to sacrifice their own di

  4. Cooperative Science Lesson Plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooperative Learning, 1991

    1991-01-01

    Offers several elementary level cooperative science lesson plans. The article includes a recipe for cooperative class learning, instructions for making a compost pile, directions for finding evidence of energy, experiments in math and science using oranges to test density, and discussions of buoyancy using eggs. (SM)

  5. Cooperative Learning Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Buckley; O'Farrell, Gail

    1990-01-01

    Presents essential characteristics and types of cooperative learning strategies for use in elementary social studies. Outlines exercises for forming teams and building team spirit. Points out such methods promote group interdependence and student responsibility for learning and teaching others. Highlights two cooperative group strategies, Jigsaw…

  6. Coordination and Cooperation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.C.W. Janssen (Maarten)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractThis comment makes four related points. First, explaining coordination is different from explaining cooperation. Second, solving the coordination problem is more important for the theory of games than solving the cooperation problem. Third, a version of the Principle of Coordination can

  7. International Cooperation Advances Internationalization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ge Mingyi

    2004-01-01

    @@ Intemational scientific cooperation continues to successfully promote the development of research and the quality of researchers in China, and also the internationalization of China's research system and research organizations. An outstanding example of this is the 30 years of fruitful cooperation between the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Max Planck Society.

  8. Coordination and Cooperation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.C.W. Janssen (Maarten)

    2003-01-01

    textabstractThis comment makes four related points. First, explaining coordination is different from explaining cooperation. Second, solving the coordination problem is more important for the theory of games than solving the cooperation problem. Third, a version of the Principle of Coordination can

  9. Research of Communication Mechanism of the Multi-agent in Multi-agent Robot Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The cooperation of multi-robot that is based on the multi-agent system (MAS) theory of distributed artificial intelligence has become a hotspot in the robotics R&D. In the research the multi-robot is regarded as multi-agent. So the communication and cooperation of multi-agent become the key problem for gaining the dynamic running information of cooperating robots. In this paper the authors introduce the communication modes for agent and provide a common strategy which aims at the communication resources of multi-agent model-the CSMA/CD (Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection) protocol which is based on the transmittal medium. It supports the cable-communication of multi-robot and the experiments prove its validity.

  10. Efficiency in Microfinance Cooperatives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HARTARSKA, Valentina

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In recognition of cooperatives’ contribution to the socio-economic well-being of their participants, the United Nations has declared 2012 as the International Year of Cooperatives. Microfinance cooperatives make a large part of the microfinance industry. We study efficiency of microfinance cooperatives and provide estimates of the optimal size of such organizations. We employ the classical efficiency analysis consisting of estimating a system of equations and identify the optimal size of microfinance cooperatives in terms of their number of clients (outreach efficiency, as well as dollar value of lending and deposits (sustainability. We find that microfinance cooperatives have increasing returns to scale which means that the vast majority can lower cost if they become larger. We calculate that the optimal size is around $100 million in lending and half of that in deposits. We find less robust estimates in terms of reaching many clients with a range from 40,000 to 180,000 borrowers.

  11. Culture and cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gächter, Simon; Herrmann, Benedikt; Thöni, Christian

    2010-09-12

    Does the cultural background influence the success with which genetically unrelated individuals cooperate in social dilemma situations? In this paper, we provide an answer by analysing the data of Herrmann et al. (2008a), who studied cooperation and punishment in 16 subject pools from six different world cultures (as classified by Inglehart & Baker (2000)). We use analysis of variance to disentangle the importance of cultural background relative to individual heterogeneity and group-level differences in cooperation. We find that culture has a substantial influence on the extent of cooperation, in addition to individual heterogeneity and group-level differences identified by previous research. The significance of this result is that cultural background has a substantial influence on cooperation in otherwise identical environments. This is particularly true in the presence of punishment opportunities.

  12. Distributed Virtual Reality: System Concepts for Cooperative Training and Commanding in Virtual Worlds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eckhard Freund

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available The general aim of the development of virtual reality technology for automation applications at the IRF is to provide the framework for Projective Virtual Reality which allows users to "project" their actions in the virtual world into the real world primarily by means of robots but also by other means of automation. The framework is based on a new task-oriented approach which builds on the "task deduction" capabilities of a newly developed virtual reality system and a task planning component. The advantage of this new approach is that robots which work at great distances from the control station can be controlled as easily and intuitively as robots that work right next to the control station. Robot control technology now provides the user in the virtual world with a "prolonged arm" into the physical environment, thus paving the way for a new quality of userfriendly man machine interfaces for automation applications. Lately, this work has been enhanced by a new structure that allows to distribute the virtual reality application over multiple computers. With this new step, it is now possible for multiple users to work together in the same virtual room, although they may physically be thousands of miles apart. They only need an Internet or ISDN connection to share this new experience. Last but not least, the distribution technology has been further developed to not just allow users to cooperate but to be able to run the virtual world on many synchronized PCs so that a panorama projection or even a cave can be run with 10 synchronized PCs instead of high-end workstations, thus cutting down the costs for such a visualization environment drastically and allowing for a new range of applications.

  13. Development of cooperative system bridges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Zhe; WAN Qi-bai; SHI Lei

    2008-01-01

    Cooperative system bridges comprise several basic structures that act jointly to improve structural characteristics. We delved into the historical development of cooperative system bridges. Cooperative systems are classified as different-load cooperative systems and same-load cooperative systems by distinguishing the modes of load distribution. For different-load cooperation, individual basic structures are at different positions in the direction along bridge axis and carry the loads separately. While for same-load cooperation, all basic structures overlap in geometrical locations and support the entire loads conjointly. The choosing of span ratios between basic structures, the design of connections of different-load cooperative systems were discussed as well as optimizations of relative rigidity for same-load cooperative systems which greatly influence structural characteristics. The general situation and several structural measurements of several cooperative bridges were demonstrated. This information can assist engineers in developing their concepts in cooperative systems and can lead to more efficient and economical cooperative bridges.

  14. On Open- source Multi-robot simulators

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Namoshe, M

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Open source software simulators play a major role in robotics design and research as platforms for developing, testing and improving architectures, concepts and algorithms for cooperative/multi-robot systems. Simulation environment enables control...

  15. Multi-platform operations in the Underwater Warfare Testbed (UWT)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keus, D; Benders, F.P.A.; Fitski, H.J.; Grootendorst, H.J.

    2009-01-01

    More than a decade ago, the long-term NATO scientific study “Maritime Operations in 2015” (MO 2015) identified the so-called multi-platform and co-operative multi-static Low Frequency Active Sonar (LFAS) concept, involving co-operative sonar data exchange between surface ships and submarines. Severa

  16. Network modularity promotes cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcoux, Marianne; Lusseau, David

    2013-05-01

    Cooperation in animals and humans is widely observed even if evolutionary biology theories predict the evolution of selfish individuals. Previous game theory models have shown that cooperation can evolve when the game takes place in a structured population such as a social network because it limits interactions between individuals. Modularity, the natural division of a network into groups, is a key characteristic of all social networks but the influence of this crucial social feature on the evolution of cooperation has never been investigated. Here, we provide novel pieces of evidence that network modularity promotes the evolution of cooperation in 2-person prisoner's dilemma games. By simulating games on social networks of different structures, we show that modularity shapes interactions between individuals favouring the evolution of cooperation. Modularity provides a simple mechanism for the evolution of cooperation without having to invoke complicated mechanisms such as reputation or punishment, or requiring genetic similarity among individuals. Thus, cooperation can evolve over wider social contexts than previously reported.

  17. Globalization and human cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchan, Nancy R; Grimalda, Gianluca; Wilson, Rick; Brewer, Marilynn; Fatas, Enrique; Foddy, Margaret

    2009-03-17

    Globalization magnifies the problems that affect all people and that require large-scale human cooperation, for example, the overharvesting of natural resources and human-induced global warming. However, what does globalization imply for the cooperation needed to address such global social dilemmas? Two competing hypotheses are offered. One hypothesis is that globalization prompts reactionary movements that reinforce parochial distinctions among people. Large-scale cooperation then focuses on favoring one's own ethnic, racial, or language group. The alternative hypothesis suggests that globalization strengthens cosmopolitan attitudes by weakening the relevance of ethnicity, locality, or nationhood as sources of identification. In essence, globalization, the increasing interconnectedness of people worldwide, broadens the group boundaries within which individuals perceive they belong. We test these hypotheses by measuring globalization at both the country and individual levels and analyzing the relationship between globalization and individual cooperation with distal others in multilevel sequential cooperation experiments in which players can contribute to individual, local, and/or global accounts. Our samples were drawn from the general populations of the United States, Italy, Russia, Argentina, South Africa, and Iran. We find that as country and individual levels of globalization increase, so too does individual cooperation at the global level vis-à-vis the local level. In essence, "globalized" individuals draw broader group boundaries than others, eschewing parochial motivations in favor of cosmopolitan ones. Globalization may thus be fundamental in shaping contemporary large-scale cooperation and may be a positive force toward the provision of global public goods.

  18. Scandinavian Cooperative Advantage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strand, Robert; Freeman, R. Edward

    2015-01-01

    . We conclude by endorsing the expression “Scandinavian cooperative advantage” in an effort to draw attention to the Scandinavian context and encourage the field of strategic management to shift its focus from achieving a competitive advantage toward achieving a cooperative advantage....... of relationships to these historical contributions. Thus, we propose that Scandinavia offers a particularly promising context from which to draw inspiration regarding effective company-stakeholder cooperation and where ample of examples of what is more recently referred to as “creating shared value” can be found...

  19. A Cooperation-planning Model Based on Bilevel Programming Decision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jianfeng; ZHOU Lei; BAO Zhenqiang; BIAN Wenyu; LI Xiangqing

    2006-01-01

    This paper is based on a resource constrained active network project; the constraint of the local resource and the time constraint of the cooperation resource are considered simultaneously. And the respective benefit of the manager and cooperation partners is also considered simultaneously. And a cooperation-planning model based on bilevel multi-objective programming is designed, according to the due time and total cost. And an extended CNP based on the permitted range for resource and time requests is presented. A larger task set in scheduling cycle is on the permitting for the request of cooperation resource and time while the task manager itself may be permitted biding for tasks. As a result, the optimization space for the cooperation planning is enlarged. So not every bidding task is successfully bid by invitee, and the task manager itself takes on some bidding tasks. Finally, the genetic algorithm is given and the validity and feasibility of the model is proved by a case.

  20. On the Performance of Cooperative Spectrum Sensing under Quantization

    CERN Document Server

    Han, Weijia; Li, Zan; Zhang, Yan; Liu, Qin

    2011-01-01

    In cognitive radio, the cooperative spectrum sensing (CSS) plays a key role in determining the performance of secondary networks. However, there have not been feasible approaches that can analytically calculate the performance of CSS with regard to the multi-level quantization. In this paper, we not only show the cooperative false alarm probability and cooperative detection probability impacted by quantization, but also formulate them by two closed form expressions. These two expressions enable the calculation of cooperative false alarm probability and cooperative detection probability tractable efficiently, and provide a feasible approach for optimization of sensing performance. Additionally, to facilitate this calculation, we derive Normal approximation for evaluating the sensing performance conveniently. Furthermore, two optimization methods are proposed to achieve the high sensing performance under quantization.

  1. Distributed Planning and Control for Teams of Cooperating Mobile Robots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, L.E.

    2004-06-15

    This CRADA project involved the cooperative research of investigators in ORNL's Center for Engineering Science Advanced Research (CESAR) with researchers at Caterpillar, Inc. The subject of the research was the development of cooperative control strategies for autonomous vehicles performing applications of interest to Caterpillar customers. The project involved three Phases of research, conducted over the time period of November 1998 through December 2001. This project led to the successful development of several technologies and demonstrations in realistic simulation that illustrated the effectiveness of the control approaches for distributed planning and cooperation in multi-robot teams.

  2. Intelligent Cooperative MAC Protocol for Balancing Energy Consumption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, S.; Liu, K.; Huang, B.; Liu, F.

    To extend the lifetime of wireless sensor networks, we proposed an intelligent balanced energy consumption cooperative MAC protocol (IBEC-CMAC) based on the multi-node cooperative transmission model. The protocol has priority to access high-quality channels for reducing energy consumption of each transmission. It can also balance the energy consumption among cooperative nodes by using high residual energy nodes instead of excessively consuming some node's energy. Simulation results show that IBEC-CMAC can obtain longer network lifetime and higher energy utilization than direct transmission.

  3. Cooperative Task Allocation for Multiple UAVs Based on Improved Multi-objective Quantum-behaved Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm%基于改进的多目标量子行为粒子群优化算法的多无人机协同任务分配

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施展; 陈庆伟

    2012-01-01

    为在给定的时间内以最小代价和最大效益完成任务,建立了多无人机协同任务分配问题的多目标优化模型.采用改进的多目标量子行为粒子群优化算法求解最优任务分配方案,定义了一种从所求候选方案中选取最优分配方案的自主选择准则.对比分析多目标粒子群优化、多目标进化算法和该文算法所求的最优分配方案.仿真结果表明该文算法能够较快地求解问题,而且所求最优任务分配方案的性能优于其它三种算法.%To accomplish ordered missions with the least cost and most benefit in given time,a multi-objective optimization model for cooperative task allocation of multiple unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)is established. An improved multi-objective quantum-behaved particle swarm optimization algorithm is used to solve the optimal task allocation scheme. An autonomous selection criterion for optimal allocation scheme choice in the obtained optional schemes is defined. The optimal allocation schemes solved by the multi-objective particle swarm optimization, the multi-objective evolutionary algorithm and the algorithm in this paper are contrastly analyzed. The simulation results show the proposed approach can solute the problem fast, and the performance of the task allocation scheme of this approach is better than others.

  4. Cooperative processing data bases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasta, Juzar

    1991-01-01

    Cooperative processing for the 1990's using client-server technology is addressed. The main theme is concepts of downsizing from mainframes and minicomputers to workstations on a local area network (LAN). This document is presented in view graph form.

  5. Cooperative Hurricane Network Obs

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Observations from the Cooperative Hurricane Reporting Network (CHURN), a special network of stations that provided observations when tropical cyclones approached the...

  6. Cooperative Transport Planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zutt, J.; De Weerdt, M.M.

    2000-01-01

    To test and compare different forms of cooperative planning algorithms developed in the CABS project we use a generic simulator called MARS. Examples in the transportation sector are implemented in this simulator.

  7. Solar cooperatives; Genosse Sonne

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen, Dierk

    2010-06-15

    Not a boom but a trend: Increasingly, solar power plants and other renewables-based systems are financed by cooperatives. This organizational structure requires long-term strategies and some idealism. (orig.)

  8. Cooperative Weather Observations

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Monthly logs include a daily account of temperature extremes and precipitation, along with snow data at some locations. U.S. Cooperative Observer Program (COOP)...

  9. Cooperative Bacterial Foraging Optimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanning Chen

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Bacterial Foraging Optimization (BFO is a novel optimization algorithm based on the social foraging behavior of E. coli bacteria. This paper presents a variation on the original BFO algorithm, namely, the Cooperative Bacterial Foraging Optimization (CBFO, which significantly improve the original BFO in solving complex optimization problems. This significant improvement is achieved by applying two cooperative approaches to the original BFO, namely, the serial heterogeneous cooperation on the implicit space decomposition level and the serial heterogeneous cooperation on the hybrid space decomposition level. The experiments compare the performance of two CBFO variants with the original BFO, the standard PSO and a real-coded GA on four widely used benchmark functions. The new method shows a marked improvement in performance over the original BFO and appears to be comparable with the PSO and GA.

  10. Landscape Conservation Cooperatives

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (LCCs) are public-private partnerships composed of states, tribes, federal agencies, non-governmental organizations,...

  11. Regional National Cooperative Observer

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NOAA publication dedicated to issues, news and recognition of observers in the National Weather Service Cooperative Observer program. Issues published regionally...

  12. Globalization and economic cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Divar

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Economic globalization is nothing, really, that the universality of capitalism. Not globalized culture, and economic participation, and human rights, ... has only globalized market. We must react by substituting those materialistic values with cooperative economy.

  13. Cooperative Purchasing Reduces Costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kula, Edwin J.

    1981-01-01

    Several suburban Chicago (Illinois) school districts are members of the South Suburban School Purchasing Cooperative, which serves as a conduit for volume purchases of educational supplies. (Author/MLF)

  14. Cooperating and Prospering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO MINGWEN

    2010-01-01

    @@ Since its establish-ment in 2001, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)-a re-gional organization grouping China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan-has grown at a notable pace.

  15. Cooperative Fire Protection Agreement

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The purpose of this Agreement is to provide for cooperation in the prevention, detection and suppression of wildland fires within the protection areas designated in...

  16. Cooperation Beats Conflict

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China and the Philippines agree to strengthen economic and trade cooperation while minimizing disputes Philippine President Benigno Aquino III recently completed a five-day visit to China, his first state visit to China since he took office last year.

  17. Cooperating mobile robots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harrington, John J.; Eskridge, Steven E.; Hurtado, John E.; Byrne, Raymond H.

    2004-02-03

    A miniature mobile robot provides a relatively inexpensive mobile robot. A mobile robot for searching an area provides a way for multiple mobile robots in cooperating teams. A robotic system with a team of mobile robots communicating information among each other provides a way to locate a source in cooperation. A mobile robot with a sensor, a communication system, and a processor, provides a way to execute a strategy for searching an area.

  18. Extending Eurasia Security Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    After 14 years of development, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) , has set its sights on goals for the next de-cade at the 15th meeting of the Council of SCO Heads of State that was held in Ufa, the capital of Russia's Bashkortostan Republic, on July 9-10. The SCO, established in Shanghai in 2001, is committed to building fdendly neighbor rela- tions and maintaining security and stability in the Central Asian region through multilateral cooperation.

  19. Cooperation Without Intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    In January, China announced its desire to increase cooperation with African countries by issuing China's African Policy, a paper intended to guide relations with the continent by continuing a non-interventionist and non-ideological strategy. Christopher Mutsvangwa, Zimbabwean Ambassador to China, shared his views of the policy with Beijing Review reporter Ni Yanshuo and answered criticisms of the China-Africa relationship by Western countries that tie cooperation to democracy and human rights.

  20. Cooperation in Construction:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vogelius, Peter; Storgaard, Kresten

    2016-01-01

    The study presents a building project executed by a major Danish construction company, where cooperation and its staging were essential for achieving high productivity and competitiveness. The form of this cooperation is the main theme for the article. The contractor actively changed....... The management logic of the main contractor is interpreted as based on a sociology-inspired understanding focusing on norms and social values rather than on contractual (law) and functional (engineering) logic, which had hitherto been prevalent in Danish construction management....

  1. Global Reserve Cooperation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-24

    St ra te gy R es ea rc h Pr oj ec t GLOBAL RESERVE COOPERATION BY LIEUTENANT COLONEL PAMELA L. MCGAHA United States Army National Guard...DATES COVERED (From - To) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Global Reserve Cooperation 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM...decade, the United States, its allies, and partner nations have greatly increased their reliance on Reserve Component forces. This global

  2. Multi Cooperation, Jointly Promote the Children's Reading---Taking Happy summer camp activities in Ruian library as an example%基于多元合作的少儿阅读推广活动研究--以瑞安市图书馆暑期快乐营活动为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓东

    2016-01-01

    In order to promote children's reading, making use of social resources and carry out a multi coopera-tion are effective ways to enrich the contents and forms of children's reading for public libraries. Based on the practice of Ruian library, this paper discusses the cooperation among public libraries and museums, heritage cen-ters, mental health associations, associations of science and technology, schools and media to jointly promote the children's reading activities thorough going and lasting.%公共图书馆利用社会资源开展多元合作,进行少年儿童阅读推广,是丰富少年儿童阅读内容和形式的有效途径。文章结合瑞安市图书馆的实践,论述了公共图书馆与博物馆、非遗中心、心理卫生协会、科学技术协会、学校及媒体的多方合作来共同开展少儿阅读推广活动,保证活动的深入持久。

  3. Cooperation and depressive symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brendan Clark, C; Thorne, Christopher B; Hardy, Sonya; Cropsey, Karen L

    2013-09-25

    Deficits in pro-social cooperation are common in many individuals with mental illnesses such as depression. For decades, researchers have used economic game paradigms to compare cross-cultural cooperative behavior. However, research using economic games to assess cooperative behavior in clinical populations is in the early stages. We hypothesized that individuals with greater depressive symptoms would struggle to maintain reciprocity in iterative games, but not in single-iteration games measuring personal values. Participants (n=41) played four computer-based economic games (prisoner's dilemma, the public goods game, the ultimatum game, and the trust game) measuring different aspects of cooperation. Participants completed the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS) and other measures of personality and demographics. Analyses assessed the relationships between game performance and psychological distress as measured by the DASS. Significant correlations were found between game performance and depressive symptoms, but not symptoms of anxiety or stress. Performance in the prisoner's dilemma and public goods game was significantly related to depression in a linear regression even when known associations with depressive affect such as age, gender, race, education, marital status, and neuroticism were controlled for. Depressive symptoms were associated with an inability to sustain reciprocal cooperation. Participants showed the predicted deficits in cooperation in these economic games. Economic games show the potential for assessing the social deficits associated with depressive symptoms. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Intergroup Cooperation in Common Pool Resource Dilemmas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadowski, Jathan; Spierre, Susan G; Selinger, Evan; Seager, Thomas P; Adams, Elizabeth A; Berardy, Andrew

    2015-10-01

    Fundamental problems of environmental sustainability, including climate change and fisheries management, require collective action on a scale that transcends the political and cultural boundaries of the nation-state. Rational, self-interested neoclassical economic theories of human behavior predict tragedy in the absence of third party enforcement of agreements and practical difficulties that prevent privatization. Evolutionary biology offers a theory of cooperation, but more often than not in a context of discrimination against other groups. That is, in-group boundaries are necessarily defined by those excluded as members of out-groups. However, in some settings human's exhibit behavior that is inconsistent with both rational economic and group driven cooperation of evolutionary biological theory. This paper reports the results of a non-cooperative game-theoretic exercise that models a tragedy of the commons problem in which groups of players may advance their own positions only at the expense of other groups. Students enrolled from multiple universities and assigned to different multi-university identity groups participated in experiments that repeatedly resulted in cooperative outcomes despite intergroup conflicts and expressions of group identity. We offer three possible explanations: (1) students were cooperative because they were in an academic setting; (2) students may have viewed their instructors as the out-group; or (3) the emergence of a small number of influential, ethical leaders is sufficient to ensure cooperation amongst the larger groups. From our data and analysis, we draw out lessons that may help to inform approaches for institutional design and policy negotiations, particularly in climate change management.

  5. Fiscal 2000 report on result of R and D on robot system cooperating and coexisting with human beings. Development for putting new power generating technology to practical use; 2000 nendo ningen kyocho kyozongata robot system kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shinhatsuden gijutsu jitsuyoka kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-06-01

    A highly safe and reliable robot is being developed capable of cooperating and coexisting with human beings to carry out complicated operations in a dangerous site such as a plant, power station maintenance, construction, disaster relief, etc. This paper describes the fiscal 2000 results. In the research for navigated walking functions, the capabilities were extracted for walking straight, turning around and going up and down stairs, with a virtual platform simulated and examined. In the development of remote operation for proxy drive, a method was investigated for instructing change in posture and cooperative movement of the arms and legs. In the evaluation of proxy drive operations for industrial vehicles, a type of operating machine was specified for driving in a standing posture applicable to a robot. In the development of information forming technology supporting remote operations, a basic design was made for the simulator technology of compensating information. Server/client remote control technology was investigated, while a plurality of bi-directional interface means were reviewed for the purpose of efficient information exchange between a robot and an operator. A system for assembling a wall panel was evaluated as an outdoor man-machine cooperative operation. Adaptability to complicated environment such as unprepared ground was also studied, as well as the control of movement of a humanoid robot. (NEDO)

  6. Research on the Computer Supported Cooperative Shipbuilding System Based on PDM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUE Weihong; WANG Chengfang; ZHANG Qingying

    2006-01-01

    Shipbuilding is becoming more complex and requires many different enterprises and plants to work cooperatively to strive for the maximum profit. Supported by the computer technology, information technology, and internet technology etc., CSCW (Computer Supported Cooperative Work) plays a very crucial role in the multi-team, multi-subject, multi-layer field. According to shipbuilding characters and market requirements, the computer supported cooperative shipbuilding technology is researched actually. Key technologies to realize it are analyzed, and construction of the computer supported cooperative manufacturing environment is deeply discussed. On the base of them, scheme of the computer supported cooperative shipbuilding system based on PDM (Product Data Management) is put forward, which is useful to improve and develop the shipbuilding industry.

  7. 有限理性条件下项目团队合作中多代理人行为演化%Research on Multi-Agent Evolutionary Behavior with Bounded Rationality in Project Team Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩姣杰; 周国华; 李延来; 陆绍凯

    2011-01-01

    项目团队成员的行为策略选择将会直接影响到团队合作效率,甚至影响项目的成败.运用行为经济学的相关理论,以有限理性为假设前提,建立了基于异质群体的动态演化博弈模型,对项目团队合作中多代理人的行为进行了研究,分析了委托人的监督策略、利润分享系数,以及代理人的贡献度、团队合作度,其他代理人的行为对代理人行为选择策略的影响,为降低项目团队合作中的道德风险和提高团队整体绩效提供了策略建议.通过案例研究对得出的结论进行了检验,结果表明,该结论在实际项目中对提高项目整体绩效水平有很好的指导作用.%The behavior strategies that project team members chose will directly have a great impact on the cooperation efficiency of project team, and will further influence the success of project. By using the relative theory of behavioral economics, this paper built an evolutionary game model based on heterogeneous group under the assumption of bounded rationality in order to analyze the influences of principal's supervision strategy, profit sharing coefficient, agent's contribution, team cooperation degree, and the behavior choices of the other agents on the behavior choices of an given agent. The results of this paper have provided theoretical supports and strategic suggestions on how to reduce the moral hazards with respect to the cooperation of project team, as well as how to improve the team performance. Finally, a case study was carried out so as to test previous theoretical results, and it found that the theoretical results played a conducting role in improving the overall project performance in actual projects.

  8. Cooperative Search and Path Planning of Multi-unmanned Air Vehicles in Uncertain Environment%不确定环境下的多无人机协同搜索航路规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴文超; 黄长强; 宋磊; 唐上钦; 白壬潮

    2011-01-01

    In order to resolve the cooperative search problem of multiple unmanned air vehicles ( UAV) in a uncertain environment, this paper presents a basic framework for it first, and then gives the search environment and UAV models. Based on them, a cooperative search path decision for UAV to satisfy the maximum turn radius restriction and communication delay is proposed. According to prior knowledge, the environment can be divided as unknown regions, known regions and prohibited areas, and an award function can be designed for a team of UAVs to search the unknown regions and avoid the known regions. By using an avoidance decision, UAV can get rid of the prohibited area ultimately. Finally, these ideas are simulated and compared with the uncooperative search patterns. The simulation results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed cooperative approach.%为解决多架无人机(UAV)在不确定环境中搜索目标的问题,根据多UAV协同搜索的基本原则,建立了多UAV协同搜索的环境模型和UAV运动模型,提出了一种满足UAV机动限制和适应数据通讯延迟的协同路径决策算法.根据先验知识将环境分为未知环境,已知环境和禁飞区,设计了搜索回报函数,引导UAV对未知环境进行搜索,对已知环境进行规避;提出了禁飞区回避决策,实现了UAV对禁飞区的完全回避.最后进行了仿真实验,并与2种非协同搜索算法的仿真结果进行了比较,结果表明,本文提出的协同搜索算法的有效性.

  9. Fundamental Limits of Cooperation

    CERN Document Server

    Lozano, Angel; Andrews, Jeffrey G

    2012-01-01

    Cooperation is viewed as a key ingredient for interference management in wireless systems. This paper shows that cooperation has fundamental limitations. The main result is that even full cooperation between transmitters cannot in general change an interference-limited network to a noise-limited network. The key idea is that there exists a spectral efficiency upper bound that is independent of the transmit power. First, a spectral efficiency upper bound is established for systems that rely on pilot-assisted channel estimation; in this framework, cooperation is shown to be possible only within clusters of limited size, which are subject to out-of-cluster interference whose power scales with that of the in-cluster signals. Second, an upper bound is also shown to exist when cooperation is through noncoherent communication; thus, the spectral efficiency limitation is not a by-product of the reliance on pilot-assisted channel estimation. Consequently, existing literature that routinely assumes the high-power spect...

  10. 基于总传播误差法构建海底地形模型%Total propagated error computation algorithm and its application in processing of multi-beam data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李守军; 吴自银

    2011-01-01

    Total propagated error computation (TPE) algorithm is established to improve the efficiency of Multi-Beam Echo-Sounder data (MBES) processing and to avoid losing of terrain detail in trend surface model and median filter model. According to the IHO standard, TPE algorithm eliminates noises automatically based on the total propagated error computation. TPE establishes Digital Terrain Model (DTM) based on the combined estimation of the depth and related uncertainty of the MBES data. To evaluate the efficiency and quality of the TPE algorithm, TPE algorithm and man-machine editor are used respectively to process the same MBES data of Lau Basin. The data processing speed of TPE algorithm is 5 times of the man-machine editor. The TPE terrain model has much more detail than the man-machine model. It can be seen from the result that TPE algorithm is superior both in efficiency and uncertainty control and favorable for the research of complicated topography.%为了提高多波束数据处理效率,克服趋势面法、中值滤波法等对海底地形细节的损坏,采用总传播误差法进行多波束数据处理、构建海底地形模型(DTM).研究结果表明:总传播误差法以实测数据误差计算为基础,依据IHO标准设置滤波器进行粗差自动剔除,避免了人机交互式编辑主观性判断的干扰,数据处理速度是人机交互式编辑的5倍.总传播误差法依据水深变化设置可变网格,保证了地形模型具有较高的分辨率,很好地保留了地形细节.总传播误差模型具有更强的抗差性,适合于海底热液区等复杂地形环境研究.

  11. Evolution, epigenetics and cooperation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Patrick Bateson

    2014-04-01

    Explanations for biological evolution in terms of changes in gene frequencies refer to outcomes rather than process. Integrating epigenetic studies with older evolutionary theories has drawn attention to the ways in which evolution occurs. Adaptation at the level of the gene is givingway to adaptation at the level of the organism and higher-order assemblages of organisms. These ideas impact on the theories of how cooperation might have evolved. Two of the theories, i.e. that cooperating individuals are genetically related or that they cooperate for self-interested reasons, have been accepted for a long time. The idea that adaptation takes place at the level of groups is much more controversial. However, bringing together studies of development with those of evolution is taking away much of the heat in the debate about the evolution of group behaviour.

  12. Cooperative Prototyping Experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Susanne; Grønbæk, Kaj

    1989-01-01

    This paper describes experiments with a design technique that we denote cooperative prototyping. The experiments consider design of a patient case record system for municipal dental clinics in which we used HyperCard, an off the shelf programming environment for the Macintosh. In the ecperiments we...... tried to achieve a fluent work-like evaluation of prototypes where users envisioned future work with a computer tool, at the same time as we made on-line modifications of prototypes in cooperation with the users when breakdown occur in their work-like evaluation. The experiments showed...... these experiences we discuss problems in the process, requirements for design tools, and issues involved in getting going with cooperative prototyping with active user involvement....

  13. Evolution, epigenetics and cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bateson, Patrick

    2014-04-01

    Explanations for biological evolution in terms of changes in gene frequencies refer to outcomes rather than process. Integrating epigenetic studies with older evolutionary theories has drawn attention to the ways in which evolution occurs. Adaptation at the level of the gene is givingway to adaptation at the level of the organism and higher-order assemblages of organisms. These ideas impact on the theories of how cooperation might have evolved. Two of the theories, i.e. that cooperating individuals are genetically related or that they cooperate for self-interested reasons, have been accepted for a long time. The idea that adaptation takes place at the level of groups is much more controversial. However, bringing together studies of development with those of evolution is taking away much of the heat in the debate about the evolution of group behaviour.

  14. Cooperative Prototyping Experiments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bødker, Susanne; Grønbæk, Kaj

    1989-01-01

    This paper describes experiments with a design technique that we denote cooperative prototyping. The experiments consider design of a patient case record system for municipal dental clinics in which we used HyperCard, an off the shelf programming environment for the Macintosh. In the ecperiments we...... tried to achieve a fluent work-like evaluation of prototypes where users envisioned future work with a computer tool, at the same time as we made on-line modifications of prototypes in cooperation with the users when breakdown occur in their work-like evaluation. The experiments showed...... that it was possible to make a number of direct manipulation changes of prototypes in cooperation with the users, in interplay with their fluent work-like evaluation of these. However, breakdown occurred in the prototyping process when we reached the limits of the direct manipulation support for modification. From...

  15. Automated Cooperative Trajectories for a More Efficient and Responsive Air Transportation System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Curt

    2015-01-01

    The NASA Automated Cooperative Trajectories project is developing a prototype avionics system that enables multi-vehicle cooperative control by integrating 1090 MHz ES ADS-B digital communications with onboard autopilot systems. This cooperative control capability will enable meta-aircraft operations for enhanced airspace utilization, as well as improved vehicle efficiency through wake surfing. This briefing describes the objectives and approach to a flight evaluation of this system planned for 2016.

  16. A Descriptive Model of Robot Team and the Dynamic Evolution of Robot Team Cooperation

    OpenAIRE

    Shu-qin Li; Lan Shuai; Xian-yi Cheng; Zhen-min Tang; Jing-yu Yang

    2005-01-01

    At present, the research on robot team cooperation is still in qualitative analysis phase and lacks the description model that can quantitatively describe the dynamical evolution of team cooperative relationships with constantly changeable task demand in Multi-robot field. First this paper whole and static describes organization model HWROM of robot team, then uses Markov course and Bayesian theorem for reference, dynamical describes the team cooperative relationships building. Finally from c...

  17. UAV Cooperation Architectures for Persistent Sensing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roberts, R S; Kent, C A; Jones, E D

    2003-03-20

    With the number of small, inexpensive Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs) increasing, it is feasible to build multi-UAV sensing networks. In particular, by using UAVs in conjunction with unattended ground sensors, a degree of persistent sensing can be achieved. With proper UAV cooperation algorithms, sensing is maintained even though exceptional events, e.g., the loss of a UAV, have occurred. In this paper a cooperation technique that allows multiple UAVs to perform coordinated, persistent sensing with unattended ground sensors over a wide area is described. The technique automatically adapts the UAV paths so that on the average, the amount of time that any sensor has to wait for a UAV revisit is minimized. We also describe the Simulation, Tactical Operations and Mission Planning (STOMP) software architecture. This architecture is designed to help simulate and operate distributed sensor networks where multiple UAVs are used to collect data.

  18. Introduction: cooperative learning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José-Manuel Serrano

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The principal objective of this revision is the recognition of cooperative learning as a highly effective strategy for the accomplishment of the general goals in learning. The different investigations assessed validate the potential that a cooperative organization of the classroom could entail for academic achievement, self-esteem, interpersonal attraction or social support. The solidity of the existing research contributes to its external and internal validity and, thus, to conclude that the results are consistent and can be extrapolated to different cultures, ethnic groups or countries.

  19. Excited cooper pairs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez-Arrietea, M. G.; Solis, M. A.; De Llano, M. [Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico, D.F (Mexico)

    2001-02-01

    Excited cooper pairs formed in a many-fermion system are those with nonzero total center-of mass momentum (CMM). They are normally neglected in the standard Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) theory of superconductivity for being too few compared with zero CMM pairs. However, a Bose-Einstein condensation picture requires both zero and nonzero CMM pairs. Assuming a BCS model interaction between fermions we determine the populations for all CMM values of Cooper pairs by actually calculating the number of nonzero-CMM pairs relative to that of zero-CMM ones in both 2D and 3D. Although this ratio decreases rapidly with CMM, the number of Cooper pairs for any specific CMM less than the maximum (or breakup of the pair) momentum turns out to be typically larger than about 95% of those with zero-CMM at zero temperature T. Even at T {approx}100 K this fraction en 2D is still as large as about 70% for typical quasi-2D cuprate superconductor parameters. [Spanish] Los pares de cooper excitados formados en un sistema de muchos electrones, son aquellos con momentos de centro de masa (CMM) diferente de cero. Normalmente estos no son tomados en cuenta en la teoria estandar de la superconductividad de Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) al suponer que su numero es muy pequeno comparados con los pares de centro de masa igual a cero. Sin embargo, un esquema de condensacion Bose-Einstein requiere de ambos pares, con CMM cero y diferente de cero. Asumiendo una interaccion modelo BCS entre los fermiones, determinamos la poblacion de pares cooper con cada uno de todos los posibles valores del CMM calculando el numero de pares con momentos de centro de masa diferente de cero relativo a los pares de CMM igual a cero, en 2D y 3D. Aunque esta razon decrece rapidamente con el CMM, el numero de pares de cooper para cualquier CMM especifico menor que el momento maximo (o rompimiento de par) es tipicamente mas grande que el 95% de aquellos con CMM cero. Aun a T {approx}100 K esta fraccion en 2D es

  20. Cooperative internal conversion process

    CERN Document Server

    Kálmán, Péter

    2015-01-01

    A new phenomenon, called cooperative internal conversion process, in which the coupling of bound-free electron and neutron transitions due to the dipole term of their Coulomb interaction permits cooperation of two nuclei leading to neutron exchange if it is allowed by energy conservation, is discussed theoretically. General expression of the cross section of the process is reported in one particle nuclear and spherical shell models as well in the case of free atoms (e.g. noble gases). A half-life characteristic of the process is also determined. The case of $Ne$ is investigated numerically. The process may have significance in fields of nuclear waste disposal and nuclear energy production.

  1. Nordic Energy Policy Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Birte Holst

    2016-01-01

    the borders long before the politicians supported and pushed for further cooperation. Energy efficiency was addressed by a portfolio of activities ranging from knowledge-sharing, public campaigns, labelling and standardisation of products. The need to address environmental degradation was inspired by the UN...... officials. With the consolidation of Nordic Energy Research in 1999, the cooperation benefitted from having an institution that exclusively could focus on Nordic energy policy issues and deliver research-based decision support to decision makers in the Nordic energy sector....

  2. Cooperative strategies in innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratner Svetlana Valerevna

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the knowledge economy one of the conventional ways to obtain economic agents access to new knowledge and technology is the creation and implementation of specific cooperative strategies, such as the formation of alliances with other economic agents. Combining competencies partners in joint research and development has a positive impact on innovation, but it is a partial convergence of competences partners that in the long term can lead to the unification of competences agents economic system and reduce their innovative activity. In this paper, we propose an effective method of information management in the implementation of a cooperative strategy of innovation.

  3. Proto-cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbert-Read, James E; Romanczuk, Pawel; Krause, Stefan;

    2016-01-01

    beneficial if the cost of attacking is high, and only then when waiting times are short. Our findings provide evidence that cooperative benefits can be realized through the facilitative effects of individuals' hunting actions without spatial coordination of attacks. Such 'proto-cooperation' may be the pre...... in an increase of injured fish in the school with the number of attacks. How quickly prey are captured is positively correlated with the level of injury of the school, suggesting that hunters can benefit from other conspecifics' attacks on the prey. To explore this, we built a mathematical model capturing...

  4. Cooperatives between truth and validity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Krueger

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The current declaration of the International Cooperative Alliance on cooperative identity since its 1995 Centennial Conference (which was held in Manchester makes no distinction between cooperation and cooperative. The lack of distinction between cooperation and cooperative has caused the Decennial Cooperative Action Plan to define cooperatives as a form, while their materiality is regarded as managerial: a business (activity under a cooperative form. An identity that is close to us cannot be reduced to form, without this being a problem. Therefore, the value underlying this identity —cooperation— must have a substantial basis, even if it is idealised, if it is to affect us.Received: 27.03.2014Accepted: 12.05.2014

  5. A Kind of Cooperation Driven by Plan%计划驱动的合作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李颖; 陈跃新

    2001-01-01

    Cooperation is an important mechanism for MultiAgent systems to work effectively. To real-ize it,a distributed plan is introduced in this paper. The constrained relations between subgoals, which have AND/OR relations, can be descrbed in a plan. After negotiating, a steady community will be formed,then the goal will be finished after distributively performing a plan. This kind of cooperation has been realized in the project MasBuilder(MultiAgent Systems Builder).

  6. Social penalty promotes cooperation in a cooperative society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Hiromu; Yoshimura, Jin

    2015-08-04

    Why cooperation is well developed in human society is an unsolved question in biological and human sciences. Vast studies in game theory have revealed that in non-cooperative games selfish behavior generally dominates over cooperation and cooperation can be evolved only under very limited conditions. These studies ask the origin of cooperation; whether cooperation can evolve in a group of selfish individuals. In this paper, instead of asking the origin of cooperation, we consider the enhancement of cooperation in a small already cooperative society. We ask whether cooperative behavior is further promoted in a small cooperative society in which social penalty is devised. We analyze hawk-dove game and prisoner's dilemma introducing social penalty. We then expand it for non-cooperative games in general. The results indicate that cooperation is universally favored if penalty is further imposed. We discuss the current result in terms of the moral, laws, rules and regulations in a society, e.g., criminology and traffic violation.

  7. Theory and Application of Multi-robot Service-oriented Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yunfei Cai; Zhenmin Tang; Yuhua Ding; Bin Qian

    2016-01-01

    In order to solve the problem of heterogeneity in multi-robot cooperation, a new service-oriented architecture is proposed for multi-robot cooperation. Service provision and energy consumption are the basic cooperative behaviors. A set of basic concepts of robot service are proposed. A layered multi-robot service-oriented architecture is designed. Finally, the experiments illustrate the superiority of the proposed architecture which makes robot’s underlying functional components be transparently encapsulated and the services in upper layer be transparently invoked, which will effectively avoid the impact of heterogeneous characteristics in multi-robot cooperation and facilitate the system construction, expansion, restructuring and maintenance.

  8. Distributing Planning and Control for Teams of Cooperating Mobile Robots

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, L.E.

    2004-07-19

    This CRADA project involved the cooperative research of investigators in ORNL's Center for Engineering Science Advanced Research (CESAR) with researchers at Caterpillar, Inc. The subject of the research was the development of cooperative control strategies for autonomous vehicles performing applications of interest to Caterpillar customers. The project involved three Phases of research, conducted over the time period of November 1998 through December 2001. This project led to the successful development of several technologies and demonstrations in realistic simulation that illustrated the effectiveness of our control approaches for distributed planning and cooperation in multi-robot teams. The primary objectives of this research project were to: (1) Develop autonomous control technologies to enable multiple vehicles to work together cooperatively, (2) Provide the foundational capabilities for a human operator to exercise oversight and guidance during the multi-vehicle task execution, and (3) Integrate these capabilities to the ALLIANCE-based autonomous control approach for multi-robot teams. These objectives have been successfully met with the results implemented and demonstrated in a near real-time multi-vehicle simulation of up to four vehicles performing mission-relevant tasks.

  9. Investigating the cooperative strategies between China and North ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Investigating the cooperative strategies between China and North Korea for the ... to how to build multi-purpose dams and allocate the benefits and costs thereof. ... in this case, moved from a low-growth scenario to a high-growth scenario.

  10. Distributed Cooperative Secondary Control of Microgrids Using Feedback Linearization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bidram, Ali; Davoudi, Ali; Lewis, Frank;

    2013-01-01

    This paper proposes a secondary voltage control of microgrids based on the distributed cooperative control of multi-agent systems. The proposed secondary control is fully distributed; each distributed generator (DG) only requires its own information and the information of some neighbors...

  11. The Multi-dimensional Game About Cooperation and Competition in the Regional Port System%区域港口群中竞合关系的博弈研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余明珠; 山峻

    2014-01-01

    Due to the integration of global supply chain , the competition and cooperation relation in the reginal port system is emphasized .No research is found in the two-level co-opetition problem which involves both the government strategies and the terminal operator decisions .Our research will break through the limitated research in the literature which focuses on the qualitative analysis and the terminal-oriented quantitative study .We consid-er both the hinterland logistics service investment of the local government , and the terminal operator ’ s price decision .Through the model analysis and numerical study , we intend to investigate the effect of the co-opeartion process on the local economic development .The research results reveal that the cooperation between the port city governments benefits the governments in terms of the income .However , the coooperation is not necessarily sup-ported by the container terminal operators .%在全球供应链整合的推动下,区域港口群中各港之间竞争与合作并存的发展日益被重视。本文将突破以往有关港口竞合关系的定性研究和专注于码头层面的定量研究。将港口群中地方政府和集装箱码头两个层面联系起来,建立切于实际的数学模型来对港口群中竞合关系进行博弈研究。我们将同时考虑地方政府对港口腹地物流系统建设的决策和码头运营商的价格决策。以珠三角地区的港口群系统为背景,通过数学模型分析和数值研究来探讨港口群中政府的合作过程给区域经济带来的影响。研究表明,政府合作建设腹地物流系统的行为将有益于地方政府的利润增加。而合作模式不一定会得到所有码头运营商的支持。

  12. Communication and cooperation in underwater acoustic networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yerramalli, Srinivas

    In this thesis, we present a study of several problems related to underwater point to point communications and network formation. We explore techniques to improve the achievable data rate on a point to point link using better physical layer techniques and then study sensor cooperation which improves the throughput and reliability in an underwater network. Robust point-to-point communications in underwater networks has become increasingly critical in several military and civilian applications related to underwater communications. We present several physical layer signaling and detection techniques tailored to the underwater channel model to improve the reliability of data detection. First, a simplified underwater channel model in which the time scale distortion on each path is assumed to be the same (single scale channel model in contrast to a more general multi scale model). A novel technique, which exploits the nature of OFDM signaling and the time scale distortion, called Partial FFT Demodulation is derived. It is observed that this new technique has some unique interference suppression properties and performs better than traditional equalizers in several scenarios of interest. Next, we consider the multi scale model for the underwater channel and assume that single scale processing is performed at the receiver. We then derive optimized front end pre-processing techniques to reduce the interference caused during single scale processing of signals transmitted on a multi-scale channel. We then propose an improvised channel estimation technique using dictionary optimization methods for compressive sensing and show that significant performance gains can be obtained using this technique. In the next part of this thesis, we consider the problem of sensor node cooperation among rational nodes whose objective is to improve their individual data rates. We first consider the problem of transmitter cooperation in a multiple access channel and investigate the stability of

  13. A User Cooperation Stimulating Strategy Based on Cooperative Game Theory in Cooperative Relay Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Zhang

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a user cooperation stimulating strategy among rational users. The strategy is based on cooperative game theory and enacted in the context of cooperative relay networks. Using the pricing-based mechanism, the system is modeled initially with two nodes and a Base Station (BS. Within this framework, each node is treated as a rational decision maker. To this end, each node can decide whether to cooperate and how to cooperate. Cooperative game theory assists in providing an optimal system utility and provides fairness among users. Under different cooperative forwarding modes, certain questions are carefully investigated, including “what is each node's best reaction to maximize its utility?” and “what is the optimal reimbursement to encourage cooperation?” Simulation results show that the nodes benefit from the proposed cooperation stimulating strategy in terms of utility and thus justify the fairness between each user.

  14. Indian Ocean Rim Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wippel, Steffen

    Since the mid-1990s, the Indian Ocean has been experiencing increasing economic cooperation among its rim states. Middle Eastern countries, too, participate in the work of the Indian Ocean Rim Association, which received new impetus in the course of the current decade. Notably Oman is a very active...

  15. Predicting Human Cooperation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John J Nay

    Full Text Available The Prisoner's Dilemma has been a subject of extensive research due to its importance in understanding the ever-present tension between individual self-interest and social benefit. A strictly dominant strategy in a Prisoner's Dilemma (defection, when played by both players, is mutually harmful. Repetition of the Prisoner's Dilemma can give rise to cooperation as an equilibrium, but defection is as well, and this ambiguity is difficult to resolve. The numerous behavioral experiments investigating the Prisoner's Dilemma highlight that players often cooperate, but the level of cooperation varies significantly with the specifics of the experimental predicament. We present the first computational model of human behavior in repeated Prisoner's Dilemma games that unifies the diversity of experimental observations in a systematic and quantitatively reliable manner. Our model relies on data we integrated from many experiments, comprising 168,386 individual decisions. The model is composed of two pieces: the first predicts the first-period action using solely the structural game parameters, while the second predicts dynamic actions using both game parameters and history of play. Our model is successful not merely at fitting the data, but in predicting behavior at multiple scales in experimental designs not used for calibration, using only information about the game structure. We demonstrate the power of our approach through a simulation analysis revealing how to best promote human cooperation.

  16. Communication, Coordination, Cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Nancy Oft; Wiper, Kathie Tippens

    Speech communication teachers at both secondary and postsecondary school levels must cooperate to improve oral communication education. Despite the importance of oral communication skills, speech courses are rarely required in high school. Teachers must tell school boards, higher education boards, and faculties of the importance of speaking and…

  17. Cooperative social capital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Acera Manero

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Social capital consists of the contributions of members and associates, both mandatory and voluntary. From an accounting point of view, it is a liability figure that expresses the value of a portion of the equity of the cooperative. Its inclusion in the liability is not the fact that it is a debt but by its nature unenforceable.

  18. Family Sequencing and Cooperation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grundel, S.; Ciftci, B.B.; Borm, P.E.M.; Hamers, H.J.M.

    2012-01-01

    To analyze the allocation problem of the maximal cost savings of the whole group of jobs, we define and analyze a so-called corresponding cooperative family sequencing game which explicitly takes into account the maximal cost savings for any coalition of jobs. Using nonstandard techniques we prove t

  19. Cooperation Or Conflict?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Iran’s recent actions have created confusion and heightened doubt about the future of the nuclear issue Recent events involving Iran have produced high drama. First, the country said it would cooperate with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on the

  20. Physicality and Cooperative Design

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vyas, Dhaval; Heylen, Dirk K.J.; Nijholt, Antinus; Popescu-Belis, Andrei; Stiefelhagen, Rainer

    2008-01-01

    CSCW researchers have increasingly come to realize that material work setting and its population of artefacts play a crucial part in coordination of distributed or co-located work. This paper uses the notion of physicality as a basis to understand cooperative work. Using examples from an ongoing

  1. Communication, Coordination, Cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Nancy Oft; Wiper, Kathie Tippens

    Speech communication teachers at both secondary and postsecondary school levels must cooperate to improve oral communication education. Despite the importance of oral communication skills, speech courses are rarely required in high school. Teachers must tell school boards, higher education boards, and faculties of the importance of speaking and…

  2. Educating for World Cooperation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berman, Louise M.; Miel, Alice

    This booklet presents a variety of perspectives on educating for world cooperation. Section 1 discusses major world problems and calls for the reorientation of education as a potential solution. Section 2 deals with the design of such a reorientation and offers three approaches to teaching and curriculum development--knowing, being, and doing. In…

  3. Cooper pairs and bipolarons

    OpenAIRE

    Lakhno, Victor D.

    2016-01-01

    It is shown that Cooper pairs are a solution of the bipolaron problem for model Fr\\"{o}hlich Hamiltonian. The total energy of a pair for the initial Fr\\"{o}hlich Hamiltonian is found. Differences between the solutions for the model and initial two-particle problems are discussed.

  4. Indian Ocean Rim Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wippel, Steffen

    Since the mid-1990s, the Indian Ocean has been experiencing increasing economic cooperation among its rim states. Middle Eastern countries, too, participate in the work of the Indian Ocean Rim Association, which received new impetus in the course of the current decade. Notably Oman is a very active...

  5. Cooperation Across the Pacific

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    China and Mexico, two significant developing countries in the world, have been strengthening cooperation in all fields in recent years. And the two countries are confident about improving their ties in the future. Mexican Foreign Minister Luis Ernesto Derbez Bautista shares his views on bilateral relations in a written response to questions from Beijing Review reporter Ding Ying.

  6. Cooperation Beats Conflict

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DING YING

    2011-01-01

    Philippine President Benigno Aquino Ⅲ recently completed a five-day visit to China,his first state visit to China since he took office last year.The two countries reached consensus on promoting all-round cooperation,especially in trade and the economy,and downplayed disputes in the South China Sea.

  7. Cooper pairs and bipolarons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakhno, Victor

    2016-11-01

    It is shown that Cooper pairs are a solution of the bipolaron problem for model Fröhlich Hamiltonian. The total energy of a pair for the initial Fröhlich Hamiltonian is found. Differences between the solutions for the model and initial two-particle problems are discussed.

  8. Cooperative Mobile Sensing Networks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roberts, R S; Kent, C A; Jones, E D; Cunningham, C T; Armstrong, G W

    2003-02-10

    A cooperative control architecture is presented that allows a fleet of Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs) to collect data in a parallel, coordinated and optimal manner. The architecture is designed to react to a set of unpredictable events thereby allowing data collection to continue in an optimal manner.

  9. [Social cooperatives in Italy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villotti, P; Zaniboni, S; Fraccaroli, F

    2014-06-01

    This paper describes the role of social cooperatives in Italy as a type of economic, non-profit organization and their role in contributing to the economic and social growth of the country. The purpose of this paper is to learn more about the experience of the Italian social cooperatives in promoting the work integration process of disadvantaged workers, especially those suffering from mental disorders, from a theoretical and an empirical point of view. Social enterprise is the most popular and consolidated legal and organizational model for social enterprises in Italy, introduced by Law 381/91. Developed during the early 1980s, and formally recognized by law in the early 1990s, social cooperatives aim at pursuing the general interest of the community to promote the human needs and social inclusion of citizens. They are orientated towards aims that go beyond the interest of the business owners, the primary beneficiary of their activities is the community, or groups of disadvantaged people. In Italy, Law 381/91 distinguishes between two categories of social cooperatives, those producing goods of social utility, such as culture, welfare and educational services (A-type), and those providing economic activities for the integration of disadvantaged people into employment (B-type). The main purpose of B-type social cooperatives is to integrate disadvantaged people into the open labour market. This goal is reached after a period of training and working experience inside the firm, during which the staff works to improve both the social and professional abilities of disadvantaged people. During the years, B-type social co-ops acquired a particular relevance in the care of people with mental disorders by offering them with job opportunities. Having a job is central in the recovery process of people suffering from mental diseases, meaning that B-type social co-ops in Italy play an important rehabilitative and integrative role for this vulnerable population of workers. The

  10. S2 BHCA-Multiple AUVs cooperation oriented control architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Oceanographic survey, or other similar applications should be the applications of multiple AUVs. In this paper, the skill & simulation based hybrid control architecture (S2BHCA) as the controller's design reference was proposed. It is a multi-robot cooperation oriented intelligent control architecture based on hybrid ideas. The S2 BHCA attempts to incorporate the virtues of the reactive controller and of the deliberative controller by introducing the concept of the "skill". The additional online task simulation ability for cooperation is supported, too. As an application, a multiple AUV control system was developed with three "skills" for the MCM mission including two different cooperative tasks. The simulation and the sea trials show that simple task expression, fast reaction and better cooperation support can be achieved by realizing the AUV controller based on the S2 BHCA.

  11. Cooperative Search and Task Allocation Among Heterogeneous Teams of UAVs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Yan-hang; ZHOU Zhou

    2008-01-01

    A cooperative control method of multi-class UAV (unmanned air vehicle) team is investigated. During the mission, the UAVs perform search, classification, attack and battle damage assessment (BDA) tasks at various locations, which involves a combination of the team intelligence type of decision making combined with control, estimate and real-time trajectory optimization. The search-theoretic approach based on rate of return (ROR) maps is developed to get the cooperative search strategy. Templates are developed and views are combined to maximize the probability of correct target identification over various aspect angles. Monte Carle simulation runs for the scenario to evaluate the performance of the approach with various decision parameters, UAVs distributions and UAV team characteristics. Simulation results show that the cooperative behavior can significantly improve the operational effectiveness of UAV team, and the cooperative control allows for near optimal solution of the correlative behavior of a group of UAVs in battlefield.

  12. Cooperation Quality Control and Coordination in Multi-echelon Supply Chain of Logistics Service%物流服务供应链多级合作的质量监督与协调

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁旭梅; 李堃静

    2014-01-01

    Considering the integrator itself also bear part of logistics tasks ,first establish the logistics service supply chain quality supervision model when the integrator will be punished ,and then consider the multi -echelon quality supervision model caused by the competitions between the subcontractors ,to investigate the influence of related factors on logistics service quality coordination.%考虑集成商自身也承担一部分物流任务的前提下,首先建立了集成商也会受到惩罚时的物流服务供应链多级质量监督模型,然后进一步考虑了分包商之间存在竞争的多级合作质量监督模型,探讨两种模型下相关因素对物流服务质量协调的影响。

  13. Promotion mode for some special agriculture technology and equipments based on multi-parts cooperation%基于多方协作的特色农机技术推广模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林江娇; 赖伟梁; 朱立学; 刘光华; 骆少明; 刘少达

    2016-01-01

    针对特色农机技术与装备的区域推广难题,分析了其面临的困难和有利条件,提出了一种以地方政府扶持,行业协会指导,农机推广部门配合,科研机构支持的多方协作农机技术推广模式,并以银杏分级脱壳成套技术装备、鱼塘增氧机和蜜桔分拣机在广东地区的推广模式为例,探讨了政产学研用相结合的小规模非通用型专业农机技术与装备的示范推广新路径。%To overcome the difficulties of market promotion of some special agriculture technology and equipments in a district, main situation and advantages were discussed. A promotion mode based on multi-parts coordination was proposed including the support from government, instructed by the industry associates, the help of agriculture mechanization organization, and the sustaining of scientific depart-ments. Some adaptable practices such as the market promotion of ginkgo crush machine, fishing equip-ment of increasing oxygen and a grading package machine in the Guangdong province were illustrated as assistant to analysis a new way, which had multi-societies of different industry, in order to promote some special agriculture technology and equipment in a small sale products.

  14. Prospects of ASEAN Legal Cooperation

    OpenAIRE

    Agus Riyanto

    2016-01-01

    Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a regional organization in the countries of Southeast Asia established in Bangkok, Thailand, on August 8, 1967 (the Bangkok Declaration) by Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand. One form of cooperation that could further encourage the establishment of ASEAN's goal was legal cooperation. This was because, this cooperation could further strengthen cooperation in politics, economy, social and culture in Southeast Asia. ...

  15. Multi-objective Optimization Design Method Based on Coalition Cooperative Game Theory and Its Application in Structural Design%基于共谋合作机制的补偿滑轮组变幅机构多目标博弈设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李碧研; 谢能刚; 孟瑞

    2011-01-01

    综合考虑稳定性和经济性等多目标设计要求,建立补偿滑轮组变幅机构的多目标优化设计模型。提出多目标共谋合作博弈设计方法,将3个设计目标视为3个博弈方,将设计变量集合分解为各博弈方拥有的策略空间。根据共谋机制,建立博弈得益函数,各博弈方分别以自身博弈得益函数为目标,在各自的策略空间中进行单目标优化,获得本博弈方对其余博弈方的最佳对策,所有博弈方的最佳对策形成一轮博弈的策略组合,并根据收敛判别,通过多轮博弈,获得最终的博弈解。对实际算例进行了三目标博弈设计,计算结果显示了共谋合作博弈方法的有效性。%Considering the requirement of multi-objective design comprehensively, such as the stability and econo- my, the multi-objective optimization model of luff mechanism of compensative sheave block was built and a multiobjective optimization design method was proposed based on coalition cooperative game theory where the three design goals were treated as three game players. The design variables were divided into strategy space of game players and revenue function was constructed based on conspiracy mechanism. Each game player took its own revenue function as target with single objective optimization in their own strategy space in order to get its own best strategy. The best strategy of all players form a combination of game strategy and the optimal solution can be obtained through several game rounds. Example results show the effectiveness of coalition cooperative game method .

  16. Cooperative Learning in Elementary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slavin, Robert E.

    2015-01-01

    Cooperative learning refers to instructional methods in which students work in small groups to help each other learn. Although cooperative learning methods are used for different age groups, they are particularly popular in elementary (primary) schools. This article discusses methods and theoretical perspectives on cooperative learning for the…

  17. Cooperative Learning: Developments in Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillies, Robyn M.

    2014-01-01

    Cooperative learning is widely recognized as a pedagogical practice that promotes socialization and learning among students from kindergarten through to college level and across different subject areas. Cooperative learning involves students working together to achieve common goals or complete group tasks. Interest in cooperative learning has…

  18. Seeking Cooperation in Green Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wan Jifei

    2010-01-01

    @@ On May28,the 2 n d China-South Korea Green Economic Cooperation Forum,sponsored by CCPIT and KCCI,was held in Seoul,South Korea. The subjects tallked about at the forum were "New Recycle Energy Cooperation Plan and Strategy"and Cooperation Plan and Strategy in Green Industries"etc

  19. COOPERATIVE LEARNING IN LARGE CLASSES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GuoXiangju

    2004-01-01

    Teaching college English in large classes is a new challenge to teachers. To meet this challenge, the strategy of cooperative learning is practicable. This paper introduces cooperative learning and describes the experiment results, which prove the advantages of cooperative learning over competitive learning or individualistic learning.

  20. The governance of cooperative societies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaiza Juanes Sobradillo

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The present work aims to expose the appropriate legislation for cooperative societies to which Article 129 of the Spanish Constitution refers, deepen the analysis of the organs of management and control based on the Spanish and Basque Laws on Cooperatives and the Statute for the European Cooperative Societies.

  1. Cooperation in Networks and Scheduling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Velzen, S.

    2005-01-01

    This thesis deals with various models of cooperation in networks and scheduling. The main focus is how the benefits of this cooperation should be divided among the participating individuals. A major part of this analysis is concerned with stability of the cooperation. In addition, allocation rules a

  2. Gender and Cooperation in Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cardenas, Juan-Camilo; Dreber, Anna; Essen, Emma von;

    2014-01-01

    between Colombia and Sweden overall. However, Colombian girls cooperate less than Swedish girls. We also find indications that girls in Colombia are less cooperative than boys. Finally, there is also a tendency for children to be more cooperative with boys than with girls on average....

  3. Cooperative method development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dittrich, Yvonne; Rönkkö, Kari; Eriksson, Jeanette;

    2008-01-01

    research is not easily combined with the improvement orientation of an engineering discipline. During the last 6 years, we have applied an approach we call `cooperative method development', which combines qualitative social science fieldwork, with problem-oriented method, technique and process improvement....... The action research based approach focusing on shop floor software development practices allows an understanding of how contextual contingencies influence the deployment and applicability of methods, processes and techniques. This article summarizes the experiences and discusses the further development......The development of methods tools and process improvements is best to be based on the understanding of the development practice to be supported. Qualitative research has been proposed as a method for understanding the social and cooperative aspects of software development. However, qualitative...

  4. Junctionless Cooper pair transistor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arutyunov, K. Yu., E-mail: konstantin.yu.arutyunov@jyu.fi [National Research University Higher School of Economics , Moscow Institute of Electronics and Mathematics, 101000 Moscow (Russian Federation); P.L. Kapitza Institute for Physical Problems RAS , Moscow 119334 (Russian Federation); Lehtinen, J.S. [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd., Centre for Metrology MIKES, P.O. Box 1000, FI-02044 VTT (Finland)

    2017-02-15

    Highlights: • Junctionless Cooper pair box. • Quantum phase slips. • Coulomb blockade and gate modulation of the Coulomb gap. - Abstract: Quantum phase slip (QPS) is the topological singularity of the complex order parameter of a quasi-one-dimensional superconductor: momentary zeroing of the modulus and simultaneous 'slip' of the phase by ±2π. The QPS event(s) are the dynamic equivalent of tunneling through a conventional Josephson junction containing static in space and time weak link(s). Here we demonstrate the operation of a superconducting single electron transistor (Cooper pair transistor) without any tunnel junctions. Instead a pair of thin superconducting titanium wires in QPS regime was used. The current–voltage characteristics demonstrate the clear Coulomb blockade with magnitude of the Coulomb gap modulated by the gate potential. The Coulomb blockade disappears above the critical temperature, and at low temperatures can be suppressed by strong magnetic field.

  5. Cooperative Learning i voksenundervisningen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne

    Nationalt Center for Kompetenceudvikling har evalueret undervisningsmetoden Cooperative Learning i voksenundervisningen og dokumenteret positive effekter på oplevelsen af samarbejde og på lærere og kursisters engagement - men har ikke kunnet påvise systematiske positive effekter af metoden på...... kursisters frafald, fravær og karakterer. Projektet har afprøvet og videreudviklet den pædagogiske metode Cooperative Learning (CL) i en dansk virkelighed og mere specifikt i forhold til VUC'ernes nye kursistgrupper med det overordnede mål at øge gennemførslen markant og målbart ved at anvende og udvikle en...

  6. Growth, Cooperation And Prosperity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN WEI

    2010-01-01

    @@ Chinese Vice President Xi Jinping called for strengthened cconomic,political and cultural ties with Bangladesh,Laos,New Zealand and Australia during his visits to these countries from June 14-24. In a speech at a trade forum in Canberra,Xi suggested China and Australia deepen cooperation in energy and resources.The two countries' governments and companies should work together to build "'long-term and stable"relations for trade and investment in these fields.

  7. Automated Cooperative Trajectories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Curt; Pahle, Joseph; Brown, Nelson

    2015-01-01

    This presentation is an overview of the Automated Cooperative Trajectories project. An introduction to the phenomena of wake vortices is given, along with a summary of past research into the possibility of extracting energy from the wake by flying close parallel trajectories. Challenges and barriers to adoption of civilian automatic wake surfing technology are identified. A hardware-in-the-loop simulation is described that will support future research. Finally, a roadmap for future research and technology transition is proposed.

  8. Decentralized Cooperative Networking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    protocols (such as DSR and AODV ) where route request (RREQ) and route reply (RREP) control packets are transmitted via SISO transmissions. Then, specific... routing . To make the routing protocol scalable, M-group Dis-STBC is applied, and an analysis of the cooperative transmission range is provided to guide...higher throughput in comparison to a Single-Input-Single-Output (SISO) based routing protocol . On the other hand, because LACR is designed to

  9. Crisis-Driven Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Not hit as badly as the West, East Asian and Southeast Asian countries grapple with the financial crisis from a long-term perspective Although Thailand postponed at the last minute the annual summits of East Asian and Southeast Asian leaders scheduled on April 11-12, regional cooperation will continue to forge ahead with full vigor, even more so in the context of the global financial crisis, said Chinese international studies experts.

  10. Pioneers in Cooperation (selection)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Project-oriented cooperation within the framework of the CAS-MPSagreement began in the early 1980s. Its methods differed according to scientific needs and included workshops and seminars, field research, overland expeditions, exchanges of materials and samples, and the training of young scientists and engineers. The German Research Foundation and the National Natural Science Foundation of China provided special funding for many of these projects.

  11. Working for Better Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China and the United States seek to iron out differences at the recent Strategic and Economic Dialogue Despite disputes over trade,exchange rates and the investment climate,China and the United States are striving to promote cooperation through dialogue,as the two countries become increasingly dependent on each other and benefit substantially from each other’s development,said Chinese officials and scholars.

  12. Queuing Aircraft Deicing-dispatch in Multi-deicing Bays Based on Non-cooperative Game Theory%多除冰坪排队飞机除冰过程调度非合作博弈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢志伟; 唐广群; 任准

    2013-01-01

    According to the practical situation of aircraft delays in hub airports on snowy days and the current application of multi-deicing bays (MDB),aircraft queuing model of the MDB is established based on multi-server queuing system theory.Besides,the dispatch model of each corresponding holding deicing queue is also established based on game theory.The dynamic flights data of Beijing Capital Airport are used for simulation.The results show that the classification and fair allocation of the deicing bay can decrease the holding time of all the deicing aircrafts in the deicing system and relieve the deicing jam in peak hours,and the model guarantees the fairness of the deicing resources allocation and presents the relationship between MDB input and aircraft's sojourn time.This research also provides a new way for airports' deicing operation and deicing bay construction.%针对冰雪天气大型枢纽机场的大面积航班延误及多除冰坪的实际情况,利用多服务台排队系统理论,建立多除冰坪飞机排队模型,并结合博弈思想建立对应于各等待除冰队列的调度模型.利用首都机场动态航班数据进行仿真计算.仿真结果表明,对除冰位进行分类和合理分配,可以降低所有除冰飞机在除冰系统中的总逗留时间,从而缓解高峰时段除冰坪拥堵情况,给出了除冰坪投入量与飞机逗留时间的关系,保证了除冰资源分配的公平性,为机场地面除冰运行及除冰坪建设提供了一种新的思路.

  13. Safety modeling and simulation of multi-factor coupling heavy-equipment airdrop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Jiuxing

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Heavy-equipment airdrop is a highly risky procedure that has a complicated system due to the secluded and complex nature of factors’ coupling. As a result, it is difficult to study the modeling and safety simulation of this system. The dynamic model of the heavy-equipment airdrop is based on the Lagrange analytical mechanics, which has all the degrees of freedom and can accurately pinpoint the real-time coordinates and attitude of the carrier with its cargo. Unfavorable conditions accounted in the factors’ models, including aircraft malfunctions and adverse environments, are established from a man-machine-environment perspective. Subsequently, a virtual simulation system for the safety research of the multi-factor coupling heavy-equipment airdrop is developed through MATLAB/Simulink, C language and Flightgear software. To verify the veracity of the theory, the verification model is built based on dynamic software ADAMS. Finally, the emulation is put to the test with the input of realistic accident variables to ascertain its feasibility and validity of this method.

  14. Dynamic management of multi-channel interfaces for human interactions with computer-based intelligent assistants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strickland, T.D. Jr.

    1989-01-01

    For complex man-machine tasks where multi-media interaction with computer-based assistants is appropriate, a portion of the assistant's intelligence must be devoted to managing its communication processes with the user. Since people often serve the role of assistants, the conventions of human communication provide a basis for designing the communication processes of the computer-based assistant. Human decision making for communication requires knowledge of the user's style, the task demands, and communication practices, and knowledge of the current situation. Decisions necessary for effective communication, when, how, and what to communicate, can be expressed using these knowledge sources. A system based on human communication rules was developed to manage the communication decisions of an intelligent assistant. The Dynamic Communication Management (DCM) system consists of four components, three models and a manager. The model of the user describes the user's communication preferences for different task situations. The model of the task is used to establish the user's current activity and to describe how communication should be conducted for this activity. The communication model provides the rules needed to make decisions: when to communicate the message, how to present the message to the user, and what information should be communicated. The Communication Manager controls and coordinates these models to conduct all communication with the user. Performance with DCM as the interface to a simulated Flexible Manufacturing System (FMS) control task was established to learn about the potential benefits of the concept.

  15. 75 FR 10319 - Cooper Tools-Sumter, Cooper Tools Divisions, a Subsidiary of Cooper Industries, Inc., Including...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-05

    ...] Cooper Tools--Sumter, Cooper Tools Divisions, a Subsidiary of Cooper Industries, Inc., Including On-Site... Worker Adjustment Assistance on January 26, 2010, applicable to workers of Cooper Tools--Sumter, Cooper Tools Division, a subsidiary of Cooper Industries, Inc., including on-site leased workers from...

  16. Cooperative Mobile Web Browsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Q

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper advocates a novel approach for mobile web browsing based on cooperation among wireless devices within close proximity operating in a cellular environment. In the actual state of the art, mobile phones can access the web using different cellular technologies. However, the supported data rates are not sufficient to cope with the ever increasing traffic requirements resulting from advanced and rich content services. Extending the state of the art, higher data rates can only be achieved by increasing complexity, cost, and energy consumption of mobile phones. In contrast to the linear extension of current technology, we propose a novel architecture where mobile phones are grouped together in clusters, using a short-range communication such as Bluetooth, sharing, and accumulating their cellular capacity. The accumulated data rate resulting from collaborative interactions over short-range links can then be used for cooperative mobile web browsing. By implementing the cooperative web browsing on commercial mobile phones, it will be shown that better performance is achieved in terms of increased data rate and therefore reduced access times, resulting in a significantly enhanced web browsing user experience on mobile phones.

  17. 残疾人社会服务的多主体合作供给模式研究%Research on the Multi-agent Cooperative Supply Mode of Social Services for the Disabled

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周进萍

    2015-01-01

    残疾人社会服务相对于一般公共服务具有更复杂、更多样和更专业的特点.政府、市场、社会组织、残疾人家庭以及残疾人个体都是残疾人社会服务的供给主体,但是在服务供给的强制性程度、营利性程度、普惠性程度以及稳定性程度等方面具有差异性.从强制性和营利性的维度分析,残疾人社会服务多主体合作模式可包括四种类型:偏向"非营利性"的伙伴关系、偏向"自愿性"的公益创新、偏向"营利性"的社会价值投资、偏向"强制性"的社会责任强化.通过转变政府角色、加强制度建设、提高社会组织专业性等措施,可以发挥各主体的优势,拓展合作空间,规范供给过程,保障专业化水平以及提升供给效率,从而提高残疾人社会服务的水平.%Social services for the disabled are more complex, diversified and professional than other public services. Government, market, social organizations, families of disabled persons and disabled individuals are the main supplying sources of social services for the disabled. But they are differing in the mandatory system of service supply, for-profit degree, inclusiveness degree and stability degree. Based on the mandatory and profitability, the mode of social services for the disabled may include four types: the "non - profit", the "voluntary" public welfare innovation, the social value of the "profit", and the "compulsory" social responsibility. By changing the government role,strengthening the system construction, improving the professional and other social organizations, we can play the advantages of each main body, expand the cooperation space, standardize the supply process, guarantee the level of professionalism and improve the supply efficiency, so as to improve the level of social services for the disabled.

  18. Coalitions in Cooperative Wireless Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Mathur, Suhas; Mandayam, Narayan B

    2008-01-01

    Cooperation between rational users in wireless networks is studied using coalitional game theory. Using the rate achieved by a user as its utility, it is shown that the stable coalition structure, i.e., set of coalitions from which users have no incentives to defect, depends on the manner in which the rate gains are apportioned among the cooperating users. Specifically, the stability of the grand coalition (GC), i.e., the coalition of all users, is studied. Transmitter and receiver cooperation in an interference channel (IC) are studied as illustrative cooperative models to determine the stable coalitions for both flexible (transferable) and fixed (non-transferable) apportioning schemes. It is shown that the stable sum-rate optimal coalition when only receivers cooperate by jointly decoding (transferable) is the GC. The stability of the GC depends on the detector when receivers cooperate using linear multiuser detectors (non-transferable). Transmitter cooperation is studied assuming that all receivers coopera...

  19. Multi-agent for manufacturing systems optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciortea, E. M.; Tulbure, A.; Huţanu, C.-tin

    2016-08-01

    The paper is meant to be a dynamic approach to optimize manufacturing systems based on multi-agent systems. Multi-agent systems are semiautonomous decision makers and cooperate to optimize the manufacturing process. Increasing production the capacity is achieved by developing, implementing efficient and effective systems from control based on current manufacturing process. The model multi-agent proposed in this paper is based on communication between agents who, based on their mechanisms drive to autonomous decision making. Methods based on multi-agent programming are applied between flexible manufacturing processes and cooperation with agents. Based on multi-agent technology and architecture of intelligent manufacturing can lead to development of strategies for control and optimization of scheduled production resulting from the simulation.

  20. Multi-UAVs cooperative path planning based on A* fixed length search algorithm%基于A*定长搜索算法的多无人机协同航迹规划

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖自兵; 袁冬莉; 屈耀红

    2012-01-01

    An improved A * algorithm for fixed length path searching was proposed based on the path planning problems of multiple unmanned aerial vehicles ( UAVs) operating simultaneously. A path with fixed length was obtained by choosing nodes with costs closest to given value as best nodes in the algorithm. Then, the path was smoothed by limiting the range of the best nodes choosing from in the algorithm. Simulation results show that length error of the fixed length path obtained from the algorithm can be controlled within 1. 4% , and length error of collaborative paths is less than 0. 8%. It basically meets the requirements of multi-UAVs arriving at the same time.%基于多无人机同时作业情况下的航迹规划问题,提出了一种A*定长航迹搜索算法.该算法通过选择代价值最接近给定值的节点作为最佳节点,得到定长规划航迹,接着进一步通过限定最佳节点的选择范围,改善了航迹的可飞性.仿真结果表明,利用该算法规划的定长航迹长度误差可以控制在1.4%以内,协同航迹长度误差可以控制在0.8%以内,能够满足多无人机同时到达的一般要求.

  1. Emergence of spatial structure in cell groups and the evolution of cooperation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carey D Nadell

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available On its own, a single cell cannot exert more than a microscopic influence on its immediate surroundings. However, via strength in numbers and the expression of cooperative phenotypes, such cells can enormously impact their environments. Simple cooperative phenotypes appear to abound in the microbial world, but explaining their evolution is challenging because they are often subject to exploitation by rapidly growing, non-cooperative cell lines. Population spatial structure may be critical for this problem because it influences the extent of interaction between cooperative and non-cooperative individuals. It is difficult for cooperative cells to succeed in competition if they become mixed with non-cooperative cells, which can exploit the public good without themselves paying a cost. However, if cooperative cells are segregated in space and preferentially interact with each other, they may prevail. Here we use a multi-agent computational model to study the origin of spatial structure within growing cell groups. Our simulations reveal that the spatial distribution of genetic lineages within these groups is linked to a small number of physical and biological parameters, including cell growth rate, nutrient availability, and nutrient diffusivity. Realistic changes in these parameters qualitatively alter the emergent structure of cell groups, and thereby determine whether cells with cooperative phenotypes can locally and globally outcompete exploitative cells. We argue that cooperative and exploitative cell lineages will spontaneously segregate in space under a wide range of conditions and, therefore, that cellular cooperation may evolve more readily than naively expected.

  2. Multi Cooperation, Regional Integration:Japanese Trail on University's Openness%多元合作、区域融合:日本大学的开放之路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆素菊

    2013-01-01

    Open University, offering a variety of learning opportunities for adults and services to the community, is an essential part of lifelong education system in many countries. To present a detailed analysis of the background, status and characteristics of Open University in Japan, this paper examines the purpose, the content and the pattern it oper-ates. As a result of the lifelong education and learning policies, Open University in Japan is an initiative to adapt to the personal needs of adult education, and the need of enterprises and regional social development. Through open courses, public lectures, and collaboration with enterprise and industry, Open University has established a win-win cooperation mode with local government, communities, enterprises and other organizations. It has also combined the public learning movement with regional development by providing learning opportunities to adult, which reflects the u-nique construction of lifelong education and learning system in Japan. Meanwhile, corresponding organizations are set both inside and outside the university, which collaborate closely with multiple organizations and become a component part of regional society. All of these provide our country with practical reference about Open University in the long-term implementation of the elite education.%大学开放作为各国建构终身教育体系的重要组成部分,是大学通过开放,为成人提供多种学习机会,向社会提供服务。本文通过“大学为什么开放”、“大学开放什么”、“大学如何开放”三个方面分析日本大学开放的背景、现状及特点。日本的大学开放在日本终身教育和学习政策的推动下,适应成人学习和企业、区域社会发展的需要,通过大学正规课程的开放、举办公开讲座、开展产学合作等方式,与地方政府、社区、企业等主体建立双向共赢合作模式,以及与民众学习运动和区域发展相结合,向

  3. On species preservation and Non-Cooperative Exploiters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kronbak, Lone Grønbæk; Lindroos, Marko

    cases where several non-cooperative exploiters are involved in mixed fisheries. This paper is targeting biodiversity preservation by setting up a two species model with the aim of ensuring both species survive harvesting of exploiters adapting a non-cooperative behaviour. The model starts out as a multi......Game-theoretic fisheries models typically consider cases where some players harvest a single common fish stock. It is, however, the case that these types of models do not capture many real world mixed fisheries, where species are biological independent or dependent. The present paper considers...

  4. Control procedures and interface man-machine; Procedures de conduite et interface homme-machine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Appell, B.; Guesnier, G. [Electricite de France, 75 - Paris (France). Service Etudes et Projets Thermiques et Nucleaires; Chambon, Y. [Ecole Nationale Superieure d`Electrotechnique, d`Electronique, d`Informatique et d`Hydraulique (ENSEEIHT), 31 - Toulouse (France)]|[Electricite de France, 75 - Paris (France). Service Etudes et Projets Thermiques et Nucleaires

    1998-07-01

    The accident of Three Miles Island in United State in 1979 has shown the fundamental part of man in the driving of a nuclear facility. Since this date, numerous studies have been done to find the best organization relative to documents, teams and driving means. The approach consists in ensuring a defense by using the whole of means at disposal. A description of these means is given in details. (N.C.)

  5. The development of a man-machine interface for space manipulator displacement tasks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buïel, E.F.T.

    1996-01-01

    A space manipulator is a lightweight robotic arm mounted on a space station or a spacecraft. If the manipulator is manually controlled from a remote location (teleoperation), the human operator can only see its movements in the pictures from the cameras mounted on the manipulator and the pictures fr

  6. Man-machine interactive system simplifies computer-aided circuit design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bavuso, S. J.

    1970-01-01

    Langley interactive computerized circuit analysis capability /LICCA/ enables designer to draw electronic circuit diagrams on cathode ray tube screen. This information is submitted as input to user-selected circuit analysis program. LICCA accommodates binary logic circuits and circuits with discrete components, and monitors operator's instructions to detect errors.

  7. Man-Machine Impact of Technology on Coast Guard Missions and Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-12-01

    will be used in extra-legal ways; growth in capabilities to predict natural catastro - phies; and growing potential for accidents. 0 The marine...continuous surveillance of the coast line and offshore areas, arid (2) Remotely Piloted Vehicles (RPVs) similar to present drone aircraft, cxipable of being

  8. Cognitive adaptive man machine interfaces for the firefighter commander: design framework and research methodology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Graaf, Maurits; Varkevisser, Michel; Kempen, Masja; Jourden, Nicolas; Schmorrow, Dylan D.; Fidopiastis, Cali M.

    2011-01-01

    The ARTEMIS CAMMI project aims at developing a joint-cognitive system to optimise human operator’s performance under demanding labour conditions. The CAMMI domain applications concern avionics, automotive, and civil emergencies. In this paper we address the development of a joint cognitive system

  9. Challenges to a Man-Machine Interface System in Nuclear Power Plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Yeon Sub [KHNP, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-10-15

    When the APR1400 project started nearly 20 years ago, advanced features such as intelligent alarms, computer-based procedures, and soft control technology were introduced. Although some of these technologies had been utilized in fossil plants, APR1400 opened a new horizon in MMIS for nuclear power plants. Currently, however, it appears that further challenges do not exist in the MMIS area. Engineers are simply busy in designing and constructing the next nuclear plant without exploiting the new features of MMIS. This paper explains newly emerging and feasible technology and suggests new ideas for MMIS compared with other industries.

  10. Contributions of speech science to the technology of man-machine voice interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lea, Wayne A.

    1977-01-01

    Research in speech understanding was reviewed. Plans which include prosodics research, phonological rules for speech understanding systems, and continued interdisciplinary phonetics research are discussed. Improved acoustic phonetic analysis capabilities in speech recognizers are suggested.

  11. An Approach for Evaluating Reliability of Man-Machine System in Evolving Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Wuhong; Zhang Dianye; Cao Qi

    1996-01-01

    In this paper,the technique for human error rate prediction (THERP) is first presented to discuss rationale and principal advantages and disadvantages.Then, based on operator behaviour paradigm which can describe human characteristics,an approach is formulated in a mathematical way as a means of evaluating the effect of operator erroneous actions on reliability of manmachine systems in dynamical evolving environment.

  12. A Model for Predicting Integrated Man-Machine System Reliability: Model Logic and Description

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-11-01

    were inter- correlated, and the resulting matrix was factored by the centroid method and ro- tated to a simple structure. This procedure yielded...analyses which resulted in counter-intuitive findings are currently being investigated. The present discussion is particularly interested in the...NOSUC(yj)/TEMl 1800 CONTINUE NPRFM(1)«NPRFMə)*1 USHT » USHT ♦ USMtKTEMP) 202 c»»« UPDATE MAX STRM FOR TJE DAY IFfMAxST.GE.GSTR) GO TO 1805 MAXST

  13. Requirements Definition and Design Guidelines for Man-Machine Interface in C3 System Acquisition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-06-01

    the American Society for Information Science, 1971, 22, 361-373. Uber , G. T., Williams, P. E. and Hisey, B. L. The organization and formatting of...guidelines should be examined through extended debate and in broad-ranging application before they can be adopted as a general design standard. Some rules

  14. Man-machine interface system for neuromuscular training and evaluation based on EMG and MMG signals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de la Rosa, Ramon; Alonso, Alonso; Carrera, Albano; Durán, Ramon; Fernández, Patricia

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the UVa-NTS (University of Valladolid Neuromuscular Training System), a multifunction and portable Neuromuscular Training System. The UVa-NTS is designed to analyze the voluntary control of severe neuromotor handicapped patients, their interactive response, and their adaptation to neuromuscular interface systems, such as neural prostheses or domotic applications. Thus, it is an excellent tool to evaluate the residual muscle capabilities in the handicapped. The UVa-NTS is composed of a custom signal conditioning front-end and a computer. The front-end electronics is described thoroughly as well as the overall features of the custom software implementation. The software system is composed of a set of graphical training tools and a processing core. The UVa-NTS works with two classes of neuromuscular signals: the classic myoelectric signals (MES) and, as a novelty, the myomechanic signals (MMS). In order to evaluate the performance of the processing core, a complete analysis has been done to classify its efficiency and to check that it fulfils with the real-time constraints. Tests were performed both with healthy and selected impaired subjects. The adaptation was achieved rapidly, applying a predefined protocol for the UVa-NTS set of training tools. Fine voluntary control was demonstrated to be reached with the myoelectric signals. And the UVa-NTS demonstrated to provide a satisfactory voluntary control when applying the myomechanic signals.

  15. Man-Machine Interface System for Neuromuscular Training and Evaluation Based on EMG and MMG Signals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Fernández

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the UVa-NTS (University of Valladolid Neuromuscular Training System, a multifunction and portable Neuromuscular Training System. The UVa-NTS is designed to analyze the voluntary control of severe neuromotor handicapped patients, their interactive response, and their adaptation to neuromuscular interface systems, such as neural prostheses or domotic applications. Thus, it is an excellent tool to evaluate the residual muscle capabilities in the handicapped. The UVa-NTS is composed of a custom signal conditioning front-end and a computer. The front-end electronics is described thoroughly as well as the overall features of the custom software implementation. The software system is composed of a set of graphical training tools and a processing core. The UVa-NTS works with two classes of neuromuscular signals: the classic myoelectric signals (MES and, as a novelty, the myomechanic signals (MMS. In order to evaluate the performance of the processing core, a complete analysis has been done to classify its efficiency and to check that it fulfils with the real-time constraints. Tests were performed both with healthy and selected impaired subjects. The adaptation was achieved rapidly, applying a predefined protocol for the UVa-NTS set of training tools. Fine voluntary control was demonstrated to be reached with the myoelectric signals. And the UVa-NTS demonstrated to provide a satisfactory voluntary control when applying the myomechanic signals.

  16. The man/machine interface in information retrieval: Providing access to the casual user

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dominick, Wayne D. (Editor); Granier, Martin

    1984-01-01

    This study is concerned with the difficulties encountered by casual users wishing to employ Information Storage and Retrieval Systems. A casual user is defined as a professional who has neither time nor desire to pursue in depth the study of the numerous and varied retrieval systems. His needs for on-line search are only occasional, and not limited to any particular system. The paper takes a close look at the state of the art of research concerned with aiding casual users of Information Storage and Retrieval Systems. Current experiments such as LEXIS, CONIT, IIDA, CITE, and CCL are presented and discussed. Comments and proposals are offered, specifically in the areas of training, learning and cost as experienced by the casual user. An extensive bibliography of recent works on the subject follows the text.

  17. Cognitive adaptive man machine interfaces for the firefighter commander: design framework and research methodology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graaf, de Maurits; Varkevisser, Michel; Kempen, Masja; Jourden, Nicolas; Schmorrow, Dylan D.; Fidopiastis, Cali M.

    2011-01-01

    The ARTEMIS CAMMI project aims at developing a joint-cognitive system to optimise human operator’s performance under demanding labour conditions. The CAMMI domain applications concern avionics, automotive, and civil emergencies. In this paper we address the development of a joint cognitive system fo

  18. Design Integration of Man-Machine Interface (MMI) Display Drawings and MMI Database

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Yong Jun; Seo, Kwang Rak; Song, Jeong Woog; Kim, Dae Ho; Han, Jung A [KEPCO Engineering and Construction Co., Deajeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-10-15

    The conventional Main Control Room (MCR) was designed using hardwired controllers and analog indications mounted on control boards for control and acquisition of plant information. This is compared with advanced MCR design where Flat Panel Displays (FPDs) with soft controls and mimic displays are used. The advanced design needs MMI display drawings replacing the conventional control board layout drawings and component lists. The data is linked to related object of the MMI displays. Compilation of the data into the DB is generally done manually, which tends to introduce errors and discrepancies. Also, updating and managing is difficult due to a huge number of entries in the DB and the update must closely track the changes in the associated drawing. Therefore, automating the DB update whenever a related drawing is updated would be quite beneficial. An attempt is made to develop a new method to integrate the MMIS display drawing design and the DB management. This would significantly reduce the amount of errors and improve design quality. The design integration of the MMI Display drawing and MMI DB is explained briefly but concisely in this paper. The existing method involved individually and separately inputting design data for the MMI display drawings. This caused to the potential problem of data discrepancies and errors as well as the update time lag between related drawings and the DB. This led to development of an integration of design process which automates the design data input activity.

  19. Allocatin of functions in man-machine systems: a perspective and literature review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Price, H. E.; Maisano, R. E.; Van Cott, H. P.

    1982-06-01

    This report reviews the literature relevant to allocation of functions and presents a procedure for the allocation process applicable to nuclear power plant control rooms. An historical perspective of man's relationship with technology is given as background. Methods and models that have been developed to aid the allocation process are then considered, followed by examples of real-world applications. The relationship of allocation of function to the system development process is outlined. The report then turns to the proposed procedure of the allocation process.

  20. Biocybernetic Control in Man-Machine Interaction: Final Technical Report 1973 - 1974

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-12-01

    irv <f vO ro (y — • • • * • < <t •» «■ uT I I I I t iPMn "--*"l"’"f’a’--.-■■ ■ ^r&i^■^•■l^W&P*’ ^ww""^-..^^mimv^m ’ ’TiW^^WPf^B

  1. Using a symbiotic man/machine approach to evaluating visual clinical research data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, J M; Irani, E A; Hunter, D W; Slagle, J R; Matts, J P; Castaneda, W; Pearce, M; Bissett, J; Sawin, H; Edmiston, A

    1988-10-01

    Some candidate medical expert system applications have a significant visual component. Knowledge engineers usually dismiss such task domains as potential expert systems applications. Our success in developing ESCA, a system for evaluating serial coronary angiograms, shows that such task domains should not be dismissed so quickly. We used a symbiotic approach between man and machine, where technologists provide the visual skills with an expert system imitating the conceptual skills of the expert, to produce a partially automated system that is more consistent and cost effective than one that is fully manual. The agreement between the system's conclusions and that of a panel of experts is good. The expert system actually has a slightly higher agreement rate with the expert panel than the agreement rate between two expert panel teams evaluating the same film pair.

  2. Adaptive Training and Collective Decision Support Based on Man-Machine Interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-03-02

    SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: The existence of grandmother cells, i.e. hypothetical cells that respond to specific entities with high specificity, have...EEG system capable of collecting neuro -information for processing and fusion of data in order to detect significant events and to improve situational...remote users. Additionally, missing packets resulting are also handled by the collection proxy. Once data Figure 1: Simple, wireless Emotiv neuro

  3. Human factors model concerning the man-machine interface of mining crewstations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rider, James P.; Unger, Richard L.

    1989-01-01

    The U.S. Bureau of Mines is developing a computer model to analyze the human factors aspect of mining machine operator compartments. The model will be used as a research tool and as a design aid. It will have the capability to perform the following: simulated anthropometric or reach assessment, visibility analysis, illumination analysis, structural analysis of the protective canopy, operator fatigue analysis, and computation of an ingress-egress rating. The model will make extensive use of graphics to simplify data input and output. Two dimensional orthographic projections of the machine and its operator compartment are digitized and the data rebuilt into a three dimensional representation of the mining machine. Anthropometric data from either an individual or any size population may be used. The model is intended for use by equipment manufacturers and mining companies during initial design work on new machines. In addition to its use in machine design, the model should prove helpful as an accident investigation tool and for determining the effects of machine modifications made in the field on the critical areas of visibility and control reach ability.

  4. DR-Cloud: Multi-Cloud Based Disaster Recovery Service

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Yu Gu DongshengWang Ghuanyi Liu

    2014-01-01

    .... This paper presents a practical multi-cloud based disaster recovery service model: DR- Cloud. With DR-Cloud, resources of multiple cloud service providers can be utilized cooperatively by the disaster recovery service provider...

  5. Insufficiency Fractures After Pelvic Radiation Therapy for Uterine Cervical Cancer: An Analysis of Subjects in a Prospective Multi-institutional Trial, and Cooperative Study of the Japan Radiation Oncology Group (JAROG) and Japanese Radiation Oncology Study Group (JROSG)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tokumaru, Sunao, E-mail: tokumaru@cc.saga-u.ac.jp [Department of Heavy Particle Therapy and Radiation Oncology, Saga University, Saga (Japan); Toita, Takafumi [Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Science, University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa (Japan); Oguchi, Masahiko [Radiation Oncology Department, Cancer Institute Hospital, Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo (Japan); Ohno, Tatsuya [Gunma University Heavy Ion Medical Center, Maebashi (Japan); Kato, Shingo [Department of Radiation Oncology, Saitama Medical University, International Medical Center, Saitama (Japan); Niibe, Yuzuru [Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Kitasato University, Sagamihara (Japan); Kazumoto, Tomoko [Department of Radiology, Saitama Cancer Center, Saitama (Japan); Kodaira, Takeshi [Department of Radiation Oncology, Aichi Cancer Center, Nagoya (Japan); Kataoka, Masaaki [Department of Radiology, National Shikoku Cancer Center, Matsuyama (Japan); Shikama, Naoto [Department of Radiation Oncology, Saitama Medical University, International Medical Center, Saitama (Japan); Kenjo, Masahiro [Department of Radiation Oncology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima (Japan); Yamauchi, Chikako [Department of Radiation Oncology, Shiga Medical Center for Adults, Moriyama (Japan); Suzuki, Osamu [Department of Radiation Oncology, Osaka Medical Center for Cancer, Osaka (Japan); Sakurai, Hideyuki [Proton Medical Research Center and Tsukuba University, Tuskuba (Japan); Teshima, Teruki [Department of Medical Physics and Engineering, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita (Japan); Kagami, Yoshikazu [Department of Radiology, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo (Japan); Nakano, Takashi [Department of Radiation Oncology, Gunma University, Graduate School of Medicine, Maebashi (Japan); Hiraoka, Masahiro [Department of Radiation Oncology and Image-applied Therapy, Kyoto University, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto (Japan); and others

    2012-10-01

    Purpose: To investigate pelvic insufficiency fractures (IF) after definitive pelvic radiation therapy for early-stage uterine cervical cancer, by analyzing subjects of a prospective, multi-institutional study. Materials and Methods: Between September 2004 and July 2007, 59 eligible patients were analyzed. The median age was 73 years (range, 37-84 years). The International Federation of Gynecologic Oncology and Obstetrics stages were Ib1 in 35, IIa in 12, and IIb in 12 patients. Patients were treated with the constant method, which consisted of whole-pelvic external-beam radiation therapy of 50 Gy/25 fractions and high-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy of 24 Gy/4 fractions without chemotherapy. After radiation therapy the patients were evaluated by both pelvic CT and pelvic MRI at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Diagnosis of IF was made when the patients had both CT and MRI findings, neither recurrent tumor lesions nor traumatic histories. The CT findings of IF were defined as fracture lines or sclerotic linear changes in the bones, and MRI findings of IF were defined as signal intensity changes in the bones, both on T1- and T2-weighted images. Results: The median follow-up was 24 months. The 2-year pelvic IF cumulative occurrence rate was 36.9% (21 patients). Using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0, grade 1, 2, and 3 IF were seen in 12 (21%), 6 (10%), and 3 patients (5%), respectively. Sixteen patients had multiple fractures, so IF were identified at 44 sites. The pelvic IF were frequently seen at the sacroileal joints (32 sites, 72%). Nine patients complained of pain. All patients' pains were palliated by rest or non-narcotic analgesic drugs. Higher age (>70 years) and low body weight (<50 kg) were thought to be risk factors for pelvic IF (P=.007 and P=.013, Cox hazard test). Conclusions: Cervical cancer patients with higher age and low body weight may be at some risk for the development of pelvic IF after pelvic radiation therapy.

  6. SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT PROSPECT OF BEIJING 2049 IN RELATION WITH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THEORY OF SCIENCES OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS IN TERM OF MULTI-DISCIPLINARY COOPERATION%人居与北京“2049”战略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴唯佳

    2013-01-01

    人居是指包括乡村、集镇、城市、区域等在内的所有人类聚落及其环境,是社会、经济、文化发展的客观载体.城镇化是人居发展的一个重要过程.我国城镇化速度快、规模大,城乡人居建设面临复杂的资源环境局面.针对人居建设综合协同的特点,人居科学提出融贯综合的技术路线,发展了组织科学共同体、形成整体合力的人居研究科学方法,以协调空间开发秩序,统筹解决有限资源和人居建设之间的矛盾.北京2049是指对中华人民共和国成立100周年北京城市发展前景的多学科研究.北京2049运用了人居科学方法,探讨了2049年北京区域空间秩序的发展前景.%Human settlement means all kinds of human living environments such as villages, towns, cities, and regions. It is the objective carrier for the social, economic, and cultural development. Urbanization is one of the most important processes of human settlement development. The urbanization in China is featured with high speed and large scale, resulting in a difficult situation for the construction of urban and rural human settlements in terms of resources and environment. In accordance with the feature of comprehensive coordination in human settlement development, the Sciences of Human Settlements suggests an integrated technical approach, which establishes the scientific research unity and forms an integrated research method, to coordinate the spatial development sequence and tackle with the contradiction between limited resources and the need of construction. Beijing 2049 is the multi-disciplinary research on the spatial development strategy for the 100th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China in 2049. As a practice of the theory of the Sciences of Human Settlements, it explores the prospect of spatial development of the mega-city region of Beijing in 2049.

  7. Incentive Mechanism Design for University Cooperation Based on Multi-task Principal-agent Theory%基于多任务委托代理的高校协作激励机制设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段永瑞; 王浩儒; 霍佳震

    2011-01-01

    The multi-task principle-agent models are presented to study the incentive mechanism between local government and universities. In this model, two main tasks of universities, namely, teaching and research are considered.Mechanisms under three kinds of relationships between the two tasks, namely, independent, substitutable and complementary, are discussed, respectively. The main conclusions are as follows. If the two tasks are complementary, incentives on research can improve teaching level. On the other hand, if the two tasks are substitutable,incentives on research will induce the university to ignore teaching and attach too much attention on research. As a result, the incentive performance will be weakened. To overcome this problem, subjective evaluation and supervision mechanisms are introduced to converting the substitutable relationship to a complementary one. In addition, it indicates that by redesigning incentive mechanisms, the incentive efficiency can be enhanced effectively.%通过建立多任务委托-代理模型,研究同时考虑提高科研和教学这两大任务的政府和强校之间的激励机制设计问题.通过对两个任务之间在独立、替代和互补三种关系下激励问题的研究,得到如下结论:当两任务的努力成本之间为互补关系时,通过对科研的激励可以同时提高教学水平;若两者为替代关系,则提高对科研的激励水平将促使高校只注重科研而忽视教学,弱化激励效率.通过弱化对教学和科研的激励差别,可以促使强校将精力在多项任务中进行合理分配.最后通过设计基于主观评价和监督的激励机制,将两者之间的替代关系转化为互补关系,从而解决激励效能弱化的问题.

  8. OPTIMAL POWER ALLOCATION WITH AF AND SDF STRATEGIES IN DUAL-HOP COOPERATIVE MIMO NETWORKS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Xiaorong; Zheng Baoyu; Zhang Jianwu

    2010-01-01

    Dual-hop cooperative Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) network with multi-relay cooperative communication is introduced. Power allocation problem with Amplify-and-Forward (AF) and Selective Decode-and-Forward (SDF) strategies in multi-node scenario are formulated and solved respectively. Optimal power allocation schemes that maximize system capacity with AF strategy are presented. In addition,optimal power allocation methods that minimize asymptotic Symbol Error Rate (SER) with SDF cooperative protocol in multi-node scenario are also proposed. Furthermore,performance comparisons are provided in terms of system capacity and approximate SER. Numerical and simulation results confirm our theoretical analysis. It is revealed that,maximum system capacity could be obtained when powers are allocated optimally with AF protocol,while minimization of system's SER could also be achieved with optimum power allocation in SDF strategy. In multi-node scenario,those optimal power allocation algorithms are superior to conventional equal power allocation schemes.

  9. Cooperation Between Equals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    2011 MARKS the 55th anniversary of the start of contemporary friendly relations between the People’s Republic of China and African countries. Chinese Vice Premier Hui Liangyu’s recent African trip gave another boost to the burgeoning China-Africa ties,said Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Zhai Jun.Hui visited five African countries - Mauritius, Zambia,the Democratic Republic of the Congo,Cameroon and Senegal -from January 6 to 19.Agriculture and trade were some of the most promising areas of cooperation between China and these countries,said Zhai in a recent interview with ChinAfrica.Excerpts follow:

  10. Cooperativity in beryllium bonds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkorta, Ibon; Elguero, José; Yáñez, Manuel; Mó, Otilia

    2014-03-07

    A theoretical study of the beryllium bonded clusters of the (iminomethyl)beryllium hydride and (iminomethyl)beryllium fluoride [HC(BeX)=NH, X = H, F] molecules has been carried out at the B3LYP/6-311++G(3df,2p) level of theory. Linear and cyclic clusters have been characterized up to the decamer. The geometric, energetic, electronic and NMR properties of the clusters clearly indicate positive cooperativity. The evolution of the molecular properties, as the size of the cluster increases, is similar to those reported in polymers held together by hydrogen bonds.

  11. Analysis of Trends in Cooperative Network Patterns for KAERI Researchers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chun, Young Choon; Lee, Hyun Soo [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-05-15

    There has been a trend toward faster results of research and accelerating inter-disciplinary convergence, under constraints in available resources. Under such reality, national and international cooperation with inter-sectoral research on science-technology-industry is becoming inevitable as a strategic approach for enhancing competitive edge on global dimension. This study gives an analysis on the cooperative network in nuclear research which bears multi-disciplinary technical feature. The study aims to visualize the cooperative network of KAERI(Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute) researchers, as the hub of the network, including academics and industry, with a view to provide insight on strengthening the cooperative network in nuclear research. This study accounted for the paper entries in SCI(E) in 2013 (538 papers) and 2015 (551 papers) with a view to identify cooperative research activities centered for KAERI. On international cooperation, the analysis showed a trend toward, first of all, diversification of partner countries. There were 118 entries of co-authorship with 22 countries in 2013 (41 with USA, 12 with Japan, 9 with India), which evolved to 121 entries in 2015 (34 for USA, 11 with China, 10 each with Japan and India). Secondly, there was a trend toward more number of countries evenly spread in 2015 compared to 2013, except a few major countries like USA, Japan, and India.

  12. Evolutionarily Cooperative Stable of Science & Technology Alliance Under Self-organized Organization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Li-jun

    2009-01-01

    The cooperative evolutionary stability under self-organised organization is discussed in this paper.The differences between the objects studied by cooperative game theory and the ones studied by cooperative game in science & technology alliance are analyzed.The mutant probability of agent's utility under endogenous technical factor condition is analyzed.By clarifying the connotation of Pareto-dominate institution in cooperative game,the efficient and feasible managerial definition of Pareto-dominate Institution in science & technology alliance is presented.The evolutionarily cooperative game for the agent in Pareto-dominate institution is explained.And then the necessary condition of cooperative evolutionary stabilization based on multi-agent utility's dynamic equilibrium is put forward.Finally,the model of alliance's utility's dynamic equilibrium under self-organization is established.

  13. The paradox of cooperation benefits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Németh, A; Takács, K

    2010-05-21

    It seems obvious that as the benefits of cooperation increase, the share of cooperators in the population should also increase. It is well known that positive assortment between cooperative types, for instance in spatially structured populations, provide better conditions for the evolution of cooperation than complete mixing. This study demonstrates that, assuming positive assortment, under most conditions higher cooperation benefits also increase the share of cooperators. On the other hand, under a specified range of payoff values, when at least two payoff parameters are modified, the reverse is true. The conditions for this paradox are determined for two-person social dilemmas: the Prisoner's Dilemma, the Hawks and Doves game, and the Stag Hunt game, assuming global selection and positive assortment.

  14. Mir Cooperative Solar Array

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skor, Mike; Hoffman, Dave J.

    1997-01-01

    The Mir Cooperative Solar Array (MCSA), produced jointly by the United States and Russia, was deployed on the Mir Russian space station on May 25, 1996. The MCSA is a photovoltaic electrical power system that can generate up to 6 kW. The power from the MCSA is needed to extend Mir's lifetime and to support experiments conducted there by visiting U.S. astronauts. The MCSA was brought to Mir via the Space Shuttle Atlantis on the STS-74 mission, launched November 12, 1995. This cooperative venture combined the best technology of both countries: the United States provided high-efficiency, lightweight photovoltaic panel modules, whereas Russia provided the array structure and deployment mechanism. Technology developed in the Space Station Freedom Program, and now being used in the International Space Station, was used to develop MCSA's photovoltaic panel. Performance data obtained from MCSA operation on Mir will help engineers better understand the performance of the photovoltaic panel modules in orbit. This information will be used to more accurately predict the performance of the International Space Station solar arrays. Managed by the NASA Lewis Research Center for NASA's International Space Station Program Office in Houston, Texas, the MCSA Project was completed on time and under budget despite a very aggressive schedule.

  15. Cooperative Communications. Link Reliability and Power Efficiency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahsin, Tafzeel ur Rehman

    2012-07-01

    Demand for high data rates is increasing rapidly for the future wireless generations, due to the requirement of ubiquitous coverage for wireless broadband services. More base stations are needed to deliver these services, in order to cope with the increased capacity demand and inherent unreliable nature of wireless medium. However, this would directly correspond to high infrastructure cost and energy consumption in cellular networks. Nowadays, high power consumption in the network is becoming a matter of concern for the operators,both from environmental and economic point of view. Cooperative communications, which is regarded as a virtual multi-input-multi-output (MIMO) channel, can be very efficient in combating fading multi-path channels and improve coverage with low complexity and cost. With its distributed structure, cooperative communications can also contribute to the energy efficiency of wireless systems and green radio communications of the future. Using network coding at the top of cooperative communication, utilizes the network resources more efficiently. Here we look at the case of large scale use of low cost relays as a way of making the links reliable, that directly corresponds to reduction in transmission power at the nodes. A lot of research work has focused on highlighting the gains achieved by using network coding in cooperative transmissions. However, there are certain areas that are not fully explored yet. For instance, the kind of detection scheme used at the receiver and its impact on the link performance has not been addressed.The thesis looks at the performance comparison of different detection schemes and also proposes how to group users at the relay to ensure mutual benefit for the cooperating users.Using constellation selection at the nodes, the augmented space formed at the receiver is exploited for making the links more reliable. The network and the channel coding schemes are represented as a single product code, that allows us to

  16. The Professionalization of Intelligence Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Adam David Morgan

    "Providing an in-depth insight into the subject of intelligence cooperation (officially known as liason), this book explores the complexities of this process. Towards facilitating a general understanding of the professionalization of intelligence cooperation, Svendsen's analysis includes risk...... management and encourages the realisation of greater resilience. Svendsen discusses the controversial, mixed and uneven characterisations of the process of the professionalization of intelligence cooperation and argues for a degree of 'fashioning method out of mayhem' through greater operational...

  17. The Professionalization of Intelligence Cooperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Adam David Morgan

    "Providing an in-depth insight into the subject of intelligence cooperation (officially known as liason), this book explores the complexities of this process. Towards facilitating a general understanding of the professionalization of intelligence cooperation, Svendsen's analysis includes risk...... management and encourages the realisation of greater resilience. Svendsen discusses the controversial, mixed and uneven characterisations of the process of the professionalization of intelligence cooperation and argues for a degree of 'fashioning method out of mayhem' through greater operational...

  18. Cooperative Directors: Perspective and Leadership

    OpenAIRE

    Adrian, John L., Jr.; Kiser, Stephen L.

    2000-01-01

    Cooperative directors’ perceptions of their roles, knowledge, and implementation of cooperative principles, business decision making, financial analysis, cooperative law, and division of responsibility with management were analyzed using data from forty-eight agricultural and thirty-one rural electric directors. Directors performed well in these areas with the best performance being related to decision-making scenarios. Self-assessments and performance for capabilities/situational items wer...

  19. Study on Models of Multi-Agent System Based Group Aircraft Cooperative Air Combat Command Control System%基于 Multi-Agent System的群机协同空战指挥控制系统模型的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘金星; 佟明安

    2001-01-01

    研究了由多个智能Agent(Multi-Agent System)组成的群机协同空战指挥控制系统的总体结构及基于BDI(Belief、Desire、Intention)结构的Agent对空战环境的感知模型、作战意图模型、决策模型和通讯行为.

  20. Teleworking through cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario Minervini

    2006-07-01

    scheme is strictly connected to new technologies and cooperation is an important dimension of teleworking. In our study, cooperation is found performed both in social relations between employers and employees and in institutionalized relations between managers and unions. Although the two forms of cooperation, here called “social trustee cooperation” and “institutional cooperation”, are often thought as prerequisites of “best practices” of new working arrangements, our case studies demonstrate that cooperation has not always arisen that make possible to implement practices of teleworking. By focusing on cooperative relations, the results of different case studies in industry and in the service sector are discussed, thus intending to contribute to the development of sociological debate on telework.