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Sample records for malle mandre verge

  1. It's a Mall, Mall, Mall, Mall World: Jobs in Shopping Malls.

    Green, Kathleen

    1996-01-01

    Provides information about a variety of nonsales jobs available in shopping malls: mall management, customer service, marketing, operations, security, maintenance, and administration. Includes information about educational requirements. (JOW)

  2. Ettepanek seadusandjale : kriminaliseerida näiline ehk varimaksustamine / Indrek Mandre

    Mandre, Indrek, 1964-

    2005-01-01

    Maksumaksjate sisendkäibemaksu mahaarvamisest. Lisatud: Kukk, Rein. Süütuse presumptsioon versus kriminaalmenetluse libaeesmärgid?, lk. 7 ; Mandre, Indrek. Varimetsandust soodustab ka riik, lk. 6. Vt. ka: http://www.maksumaksjad.ee/modules/smartsection/item.php?itemid=32 ; http://www.maksumaksjad.ee/modules/smartsection/item.php?itemid=30

  3. The Effect of Shopping Mall's Attributes Toward Customer Satisfaction of ABC Mall and Xyz Mall

    Astono, Cynthia

    2014-01-01

    With the tight competition among shopping malls in Surabaya, it lead towards the concept war between them to stay longer within the industry. Currently, there are two shopping malls, which are in the middle of tight competition; they are ABC Mall and XYZ Mall. Although ABC Mall is the newest entrant of shopping mall in Surabaya, XYZ Mall as the old player is still developing. Thus, this research aims to analyze and find out which shopping malls' attribute that able to increase the customer...

  4. Johor Parkview Mall

    Irfansyah, Haffidz

    2015-01-01

    The Mall is a must-have every major city. The community of Johor during this shopping is still heading downtown giving rise to congestion in johor area itself. Johor parkview Mall exists to meet the needs of the community shopping Medan Johor so they don't have to depend on the city centre.Environmental issues are something very important today. Green architecture was chosen as the theme because it suits the character and function of the building itself. Johor parkview mall is ...

  5. Jackpot Malle Leisilt

    1998-01-01

    6. jaanuarist Kastellaanimaja galeriis Malle Leisi suureformaadiliste maalide näitus "Jackpot". M. Leisi töid on mainekates kunstikogudes, s. h. New Jerseys Zimmerli kunstimuuseumis asuvas Nancy ja Norton Dodge'i kogus

  6. Erik Verg gestorben / A. v. M.

    A. v. M.

    2006-01-01

    Tartus sündinud "Hamburger Abendblatt"i ajakirjanikust Erik Vergist. Verg oli hansalinnade ajaloo hea tundja, ta kirjutas muuhulgas Baltikumis veedetud noorusaastatele pühendatud mälestusteraamatu "Auf der Begeist'rung Schwingen"

  7. Successful overwintering of arthropods in roadside verges

    Schaffers, A.P.; Raemakers, I.P.; Sykora, K.V.

    2012-01-01

    In densely populated areas, roadside verges often provide the last semi-natural habitats available. Their ecological value is often stressed by bio survey results. Yet insect summer surveys potentially misjudge the value of a biotope (roadside or otherwise) since the occurrences of species may only

  8. Shopping Mall to Study Hall.

    Rittner-Heir, Robbin M.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses how the Burnsville (Minnesota) expanded its high school classroom space by buying a shopping mall and converting it into classrooms. Renovation costs and classroom layout are briefly discussed; a floor plan is included. (GR)

  9. Binjai Shopping Mall : Arsitektur Metafora

    Abadsyah, Haris

    2014-01-01

    City of Binjai have a potential to increase economic growth, especially in the field of trade and services.It can be seen from appearance of the commercial building like the shopping center ( Binjai Super Mall, Ramayana and Suzuya ) Construction of Binjai Shopping Mall intended for planning new shopping centers that provide public kebuthan in Binjai and well planned shopping center with optimal processing space and create a comfortable and pleasant atmosphere. In addition, the ...

  10. La malle de Newton

    Verlet, Loup

    1993-01-01

    En 1936, une vente publique ramena au jour le contenu d'une malle où Newton avait enfermé ses manuscrits. Ô surprise, les travaux du savant y voisinaient avec les spéculations de l'exégète et de l'alchimiste. Ce n'est pas seulement la face cachée d'un exceptionnel génie scientifique qui nous était ainsi révélée, mais, au-delà du mystère d'un homme, le secret partage qui gouverne notre univers, comme le montre cette lecture originale de la naissance de la physique moderne.Dans quel monde suis-je tombé ? Pourquoi les choses sont-elles ainsi ? Comment faire avec ? Questions lancinantes de l'enfant quand la mère fait défaut, du chercheur face à la nature qui se dérobe. La réponse, Newton sait où la trouver : Dieu le Père, à jamais insaisissable, est présent «partout et toujours», Il se révèle par la bouche des prophètes, se devine dans les arcanes de l'alchimie, se manifeste par les lois admirables qui règlent le cours ordinaire des choses. Ses écrits de l'ombre l'attestent, Newton ...

  11. Pengelolaan Sampah Di Mall Ratu Indah Makassar

    Kurniawan, Andika

    2015-01-01

    Pengelolaan Sampah Di Mall Ratu Indah Makassar Compared with other public facilities, mall or shopping center ranks second only to the market in the amount of waste generated per day. In Makassar itself there are several shopping centers or malls which are spread throughout the city. One is Ratu Indah Mall which is the 2nd largest mall in Makassar. This study aims to determine the characteristics of the waste and forms of waste management and the prospects for future development. In this s...

  12. ANALISA PARKIR PARAGON MALL SEMARANG

    Mudjiastuti Handajani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Pull traffic that occurs in complex Paragon Mall affect parking demand in these locations. For that we need research to obtain data - data that is requirsed by way of observations of drivers and parking attendants. The intent and purpose of this paper is to get the amount of traffic traveling tug toward Paragon Mall shopping complex and to determine parking demand at Paragon Mall shopping complex. Furthermore, based on the data that has been obtained so that data processing is done to obtain the desired result of which the accumulated maximum parking, towing trips, towing traffic, parking demand factors. From the calculation it is known that the maximum accumulation occurs on a Saturday, which is 173 to 295 types of automobiles and vehicle type motorcycle. Pull the whole trip occurred on Sunday at 4.76 people/100m2 Floor Area Groos. The amount of traffic tug Day on Saturday by 219 smp / hour for this type of car and 108 smp / hour for this type of motorcycle. Thus Paragon Mall has considerable pull the trip and have enough parking area where the number of plots for the car park as many as 260 plots for motorcycle parking and 800 parking plots.

  13. Youth and Shopping Malls: A Case Study about Youth Preference in Mall Use

    Güliz MUĞAN AKINCI

    2013-01-01

    Shopping malls demonstrate the growth of consumption culture in contemporary urban life. After the 1980s, a liberalized economy and changing global factors made shopping malls important components of Turkish urban identity. As shopping malls have become such a significant part of the social world of youth in the last twenty years, it seems crucial to concentrate on ‘malls and youth’ as a subject of study. In this context, this study aims to analyze the leisure time activities and preferred le...

  14. Mode choice and shopping mall parking

    Ersoy, Fulya Yüksel; Ersoy, Fulya Yuksel

    2012-01-01

    In this thesis, I analyze individuals' mode choice decisions and shopping mall's parking space pricing behavior. Individuals have three choices: first they may come to the mall by car in which case they have to park, second they may come by public transportation, or they do not visit the mall and go for their outside option. The mall determines the price of the good and the parking fee after the government sets public transportation fare. I find that the equilibrium parking fees are always le...

  15. On call at the mall: a mixed methods study of U.S. medical malls.

    Uscher-Pines, Lori; Mehrotra, Ateev; Chari, Ramya

    2013-11-09

    The decline of the traditional U.S. shopping mall and a focus on more consumer- centered care have created an opportunity for "medical malls". Medical malls are defined as former retail spaces repurposed for healthcare tenants or mixed-use medical/retail facilities.We aimed to describe the current reach of healthcare services in U.S. malls, characterize the medical mall model and emerging trends, and assess the potential of these facilities to serve low-income populations. We used a mixed methods approach which included a comprehensive literature review, key informant interviews, and a descriptive analysis of the Directory of Major Malls, an online retail database. Six percent (n = 89) of large, enclosed shopping malls in the U.S. include at least one non-optometry or dental healthcare tenant. We identified a total of 28 medical malls across the U.S., the majority of which opened in the past five years and serve middle or high income populations. Stakeholders felt the key strengths of medical malls were more convenient access including public transportation, greater familiarity for patients, and "one stop shopping" for primary care and specialty services as well as retail needs. While medical malls currently account for a small fraction of malls in the US, they are a new model for healthcare with significant potential for growth.

  16. Ibn Battuta Mall: Edutaining the World?

    Lee, Chae Ho

    2010-01-01

    Nakheel, a Dubai World Company has created the world's largest themed mall based on the narrative of Ibn Battuta, a 14th century Muslim explorer whose world travels are well documented. The Ibn Battuta Mall is located in the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates and utilizes a communication strategy called edutainment: a neologistic…

  17. Shopping for Courses on the Mall.

    Gallagher, John C.

    1980-01-01

    Describes an extension program conducted by Suffolk County Community College, New York, at an area shopping mall. Discusses program offerings, including a series of general interest lectures, regular credit courses, and a set of noncredit minicourses for mall employees. Examines the public relations value of the extension efforts. (JP)

  18. The Shopping Mall: A Teenager Hangout.

    Anthony, Kathryn H.

    1985-01-01

    Investigated teenagers' use of the shopping mall as a "hangout" through interviews with 51 adolescents using the mall, and 10 hours of behavioral observations. Results indicated that many teenagers visit the shopping center regularly to watch members of the opposite sex, play video games, see friends, shop, and people-watch. (Author/NRB)

  19. On the Verge: Costs and Tradeoffs Facing Community College Students

    Cochrane, Debbie; Szabo-Kubitz, Laura

    2016-01-01

    "On the Verge: Costs and Tradeoffs Facing Community College Students" documents California community college students' struggles to cover college expenses beyond tuition, their experiences with financial aid, and the troubling tradeoffs they face when available resources do not stretch far enough. Consistent with a growing body of…

  20. Roadside verges and conservation in Britain: a review

    Way, J M

    1977-07-01

    The importance of maintaining roadside verges as a conservation measure is discussed. The recognition of this importance should lead to cooperation between conservationists and highway authorities to ensure the preservation of these structures without compromising highway engineering. Some aspects of the potential for creative conservation of motorways are surveyed, and the similarity between motorways and railways is explored. (18 references)

  1. Vergílio Ferreira, the Education and Future

    Manuel ABELHO CUNHA

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Vergílio Ferreira, one of the leading writers and thinkers of contemporary Portugal, writes about the responsability of education in building a civilized country, speaking from a nation under very repressive political dictatorship on freedom of thought.

  2. The ecology of macromycetes in roadside verges planted with trees

    Keizer, P.J.

    1993-01-01

    In this thesis phytocoena and mycocoena of ectomycorrhizal fungi and saprotrophic fungi in roadside verges planted with trees are described independently. An attempt is made to indicate which environmental variables are most important in the distinguished communities. Parasitic fungi on

  3. Public Relations Program for a Shopping Mall.

    Feigley, David A.

    1980-01-01

    An account is given of a highly successful sports, health, and recreation exhibit run by Rutgers University (New Jersey) in a public shopping mall. Organization and entertainment were the keynotes of the success. (LH)

  4. VERO MODA Settles in Taobao Mall

    2010-01-01

    @@ In the wake of the successive opening up of Jack&Jones' and ONLY's official flagship stores in Taobao Mall, the Danish Bestseller Fashion Group's other brand, VERO MODA, landed the Mall on July 2nd. At present, the first two brands' online sales have exceeded 500 million yuan per month. Based on the encouraging sales figures, VERO MODA, as Bestseller's third-largest brand on Taobao platform, is expected to scale new network marketing miracle.

  5. The Optimal Time of Renovating a Mall

    K.C. Wong; George Norman

    1994-01-01

    This paper presents a maximization model determining the optimal time at which a mall should be renovated. The analysis is constructed on the assumption of a decreasing rental income over time as a mall ages. It is then shown that the optimal renovation period achieves a balance between the marginal cost and benefits of delaying renovation. We show how this balance is affected by changes in the discount rate, net rental incomes, and renovation costs. Numerical simulations are used to demonstr...

  6. Go to the Mall and Get It All: Adolescents' Aesthetic Values in the Shopping Mall.

    Stokrocki, Mary

    2001-01-01

    Focuses on the questionnaire results and class discussion with Acadia High School (Scottsdale, Arizona) students, aged 16 to 19 years old, exploring the aesthetic values present at shopping malls. Explains that students were also invited to meet in the mall to locate and photograph examples. (CMK)

  7. Amputation Totale de La Verge: A Propos de Trois Observations

    Kimassoum Rimtebaye

    Introduction. Lavergeestunorganemasculindotéd'unedoublefonction(urinaire et copulation). L'amputation totale de la verge est rare [1–4]. Elle s'observe soit dans un contexte criminel ou dans le cadre d'une auto- mutilation chez un patient psychogène souffrant de schizophrénie. [5,6]. Elle pose quatre problèmes: sexuel, ...

  8. Growing Shopping Malls and Behavior of Urban Shoppers

    Rajagopal

    2009-01-01

    Shopping malls contribute to business more significantly than traditional markets which were viewed as simple convergence of supply and demand. Shopping malls attract buyers and sellers, and induce customers providing enough time to make choices as well as a recreational means of shopping. However, competition between malls, congestion of markets and traditional shopping centers has led mall developers and management to consider alternative methods to build excitement with customers. This stu...

  9. The anal verge: localization with multi-slice spiral CT

    Wang Wei; Tang Guangjian

    2010-01-01

    Objective: To determine and evaluate the method of localization of anal verge by multislice spiral CT. To provide an imaging reference for operative guidance of low-rectal cancer. Methods Forty eight consecutive adult patients suspected of abnormalities other than rectal disease were evaluated with abdominal and pelvic CT scans since August, 2009. They were divided into two groups based on sex and age. There were 23 men and 25 women. The ages of young group were 28 to 50 years and the average age was 41 years. The ages of elderly group were 52 to 81 years and the average age was 64 years. A small cotton ball dipped with contrast media was put at the anal verge as a marker and CT scans were performed with 64-slice spiral CT scanner. The distances between the cotton balls and the lower margin of the pubis combination (La), the lower margin of the Sth sacral vertebra (Lb), the inferior aperture of minor pelvis (Lc) and the lower margin of the basement of external anal sphincter (Ld) were measured on the mid- sagittal images obtained by MPR. The averages, the standard deviations (s), the 95% and 80% confidence intervals of La, Lb, Lc and Ld were calculated. We took the intervals of ±1.96 s or ±1.28 s 0.05) between two different sex groups [male group, (10.0±1.2) mm], female group, (9.6±1.2) mm and between two age groups [young group, (9.6±1.2) mm, elderly group, (9.9±1.3) mm]. Conclusions: The lower margin of the basement of external anal sphincter was a useful anatomic landmark for localizing the anal verge, and could be definitely identified on the middle sagittal pelvic CT image. The distance between the structure and anal verge is constant enough and can be used in measuring distance from low rectal lesion to the anal verge. (authors)

  10. Youth and Shopping Malls: A Case Study about Youth Preference in Mall Use

    Güliz MUĞAN AKINCI

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Shopping malls demonstrate the growth of consumption culture in contemporary urban life. After the 1980s, a liberalized economy and changing global factors made shopping malls important components of Turkish urban identity. As shopping malls have become such a significant part of the social world of youth in the last twenty years, it seems crucial to concentrate on ‘malls and youth’ as a subject of study. In this context, this study aims to analyze the leisure time activities and preferred leisure spaces of teenagers in Turkey as well as where shopping malls fit in among other leisure spaces. In addition to this, the study will focus on the question of how youth perceive and experience the social and physical environment of shopping malls and their relationship with the concept of design. To this end, a field survey was conducted in the Ankara Migros Shopping Mall. The research was carried out through observations and in-depth interviews with 104 teenagers ranged in age from 13 to 19. The results of the study indicate that shopping malls were the preferred leisure space for teenagers. Physical characteristics such as the location of the mall and ease of accessibility were determined as the primary reasons for the teenagers’ preference. According to analyses, it was found that the youth did not pay much attention to the physical environment and its characteristics and had lack of information about it. In this scope, it seems that further analysis is needed to understand the teenagers’ lack of interest about the physical environment and design issue, and overemphasis and predominance given to the societal issues and social environment.

  11. Analysis of Jingdong Mall Logistics Distribution Model

    Shao, Kang; Cheng, Feng

    In recent years, the development of electronic commerce in our country to speed up the pace. The role of logistics has been highlighted, more and more electronic commerce enterprise are beginning to realize the importance of logistics in the success or failure of the enterprise. In this paper, the author take Jingdong Mall for example, performing a SWOT analysis of their current situation of self-built logistics system, find out the problems existing in the current Jingdong Mall logistics distribution and give appropriate recommendations.

  12. The Formation of Identity in Teenage Mall Microculture: A Case Study of Teenagers in Czech Malls

    Spilková, Jana; Radová, Lucie

    2011-01-01

    Geographies of children and youth are a surprisingly neglected research topic in the transforming (post-communist) countries, where many societal changes are taking place. This article introduces a research project that focused on teenagers and their leisure-time activities, concentrating especially on teenagers who spend the majority of their leisure time in shopping malls. The goal of the article is to reveal how such teenagers use the micro-space of the shopping mall, how they socialise, a...

  13. Reframing Reality: Christmas at the Mall.

    Long, Nicholas J.; Daniels, Doug

    1993-01-01

    Presents Life Space Interview (LSI), effective intervention strategy for use during crisis work with troubled students, as it was applied to case of eight-year-old boy attending Option III class for emotionally handicapped students when he accompanied class to mall for holiday shopping trip. Following interview are instructional comments on the…

  14. Rental Values in UK Shopping Malls

    Yuo, Tony Shun-Te; Lizieri, Colin; McCann, Phillip; Crosby, Neil

    This paper employs a unique dataset to analyse the retail rental levels of 1108 retail tenants in 148 UK regional shopping malls. The dataset integrates information regarding the characteristics of the shopping centre, the individual retailer, the brand, the individual unit occupied, the tenancy

  15. Mall Walking Program Environments, Features, and Participants: A Scoping Review.

    Farren, Laura; Belza, Basia; Allen, Peg; Brolliar, Sarah; Brown, David R; Cormier, Marc L; Janicek, Sarah; Jones, Dina L; King, Diane K; Marquez, David X; Rosenberg, Dori E

    2015-08-13

    Walking is a preferred and recommended physical activity for middle-aged and older adults, but many barriers exist, including concerns about safety (ie, personal security), falling, and inclement weather. Mall walking programs may overcome these barriers. The purpose of this study was to summarize the evidence on the health-related value of mall walking and mall walking programs. We conducted a scoping review of the literature to determine the features, environments, and benefits of mall walking programs using the RE-AIM framework (reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance). The inclusion criteria were articles that involved adults aged 45 years or older who walked in indoor or outdoor shopping malls. Exclusion criteria were articles that used malls as laboratory settings or focused on the mechanics of walking. We included published research studies, dissertations, theses, conference abstracts, syntheses, nonresearch articles, theoretical papers, editorials, reports, policy briefs, standards and guidelines, and nonresearch conference abstracts and proposals. Websites and articles written in a language other than English were excluded. We located 254 articles on mall walking; 32 articles met our inclusion criteria. We found that malls provided safe, accessible, and affordable exercise environments for middle-aged and older adults. Programmatic features such as program leaders, blood pressure checks, and warm-up exercises facilitated participation. Individual benefits of mall walking programs included improvements in physical, social, and emotional well-being. Limited transportation to the mall was a barrier to participation. We found the potential for mall walking programs to be implemented in various communities as a health promotion measure. However, the research on mall walking programs is limited and has weak study designs. More rigorous research is needed to define best practices for mall walking programs' reach, effectiveness, adoption

  16. "Lost in a shopping mall" -- a breach of professional ethics.

    Crook, Lynn S; Dean, Martha C

    1999-01-01

    The "lost in a shopping mall" study has been cited to support claims that psychotherapists can implant memories of false autobiographical information of childhood trauma in their patients. The mall study originated in 1991 as 5 pilot experiments involving 3 children and 2 adult participants. The University of Washington Human Subjects Committee granted approval for the mall study on August 10, 1992. The preliminary results with the 5 pilot subjects were announced 4 days laters. An analysis of the mall study shows that beyond the external misrepresentions, internal scientific methodological errors cast doubt on the validity of the claims that have been attributed to the mall study within scholarly and legal arenas. The minimal involvement -- or, in some cases, negative impact -- of collegial consultation, acadmic supervision, and peer review throughout the evolution of the mall study are reviewed.

  17. Övergången till IFRS : Konsekvenser

    Wetterholm, Emelie; Bergström, Mari

    2005-01-01

    Bakgrund : EU: s antagande av förordningen (EG) nr. 1606/2002 om tillämpning av internationella redovisningsstandarder innebär att alla börsnoterade bolag i medlemsländerna måste tillämpa de i förordningen angivna IFRS-standarderna i sin koncernredovisning från och med 2005. Problem: Införandet av IFRS för noterade bolags koncernredovisningar kommer att innebära olika konsekvenser för berörda bolag. Trots att svenska bolag tidigare redovisat enligt RR kommer övergången att innebära vissa väse...

  18. The rightful place of science science on the verge

    2016-01-01

    A crisis looms over the scientific enterprise. Not a day passes without news of retractions, failed replications, fraudulent peer reviews, or misinformed science-based policies. The social implications are enormous, yet this crisis has remained largely uncharted—until now. In Science on the Verge, luminaries in the field of post-normal science and scientific governance focus attention on worrying fault-lines in the use of science for policymaking, and the dramatic crisis within science itself. This provocative new volume in The Rightful Place of Science also explores the concepts that need to be unlearned, and the skills that must be relearned and enhanced, if we are to restore the legitimacy and integrity of science.

  19. Malle Talveti huvitavad naised / Kärt Hellerma

    Hellerma, Kärt, 1956-

    2006-01-01

    Arvustus: McCullers, Carson. Laulatuse lummas / tõlk. Malle Talvet. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1988. (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 1988, 3-5) ; Duras, Marguerite. Armuke / tõlk. Malle Talvet. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1988. (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 1988, 11-12) ; Brookner, Anita. Hotel du Lac / tõlk. Malle Talvet. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1990. (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 1990, 45-46). Varem ilmunud: Eesti Elu nr. 1 (13), 1. veebruar 1991

  20. Bell Moore Group Inc. Review: Benefits of Visiting Malls

    Maclntyre, Cailin

    2017-01-01

    Modern malls have become a vital part of today’s society. Most communities have malls which not only provides convenient shopping but also a wonderful opportunity to have fun and relax. Bellmoore Group Inc review few benefits of modern malls in today’s modern world. All in one location Who would not want to have a place where your needs can access all within one location right? Malls incorporate a large number of stores that sell diverse products and services. From restaurants, clothi...

  1. Mall Hellam leiab, et ideaalidesse on vaja uskuda / Mall Hellam ; interv. Koit Luus

    Hellam, Mall

    2005-01-01

    Avatud Eesti Fondi juhataja Eesti ühiskonna arengust, kodanikuühiskonnast, kodaniku mõistest ning Avatud Eesti Fondi tegevusest. Lisa: Mall Hellam. Kommenteerivad: Balti-Ameerika Partnerlusprogrammi juht Katrin Enno, Eesti Mittetulundusühingute ja Sihtasutuste Liidu juhataja Kristina Mänd ning IT Kolledzhi õppejõud, Avatud Fondi nõukogu esimees Linnar Viik

  2. The Shopping Mall: Film Chronotope of the 1980s.

    Montgomery, Michael V.

    This paper examines the portrayal of shopping malls in the films of the 1980s and attempts to "narrativize" the trend found between the films as the story of a subculture as it adopts and develops a belief system based on consumerism. The paper begins with an exploration of the evolution of the mall as a modern meeting place and center…

  3. West Edmonton Mall : buying into energy efficiency

    Hanson, K. [West Edmonton Mall, AB (Canada)

    2003-11-01

    The West Edmonton Mall consists of 600 stores and services, as well as attractions including a marine life lagoon, a skating rink, the largest indoor wave pool in the world, and an amusement park. Lighting retrofits, power-factor correction equipment, and tenant energy-saving criteria all combine to make the West Edmonton Mall a model of energy efficiency. An energy consultant was hired in 2001 to develop an energy management plan in an attempt to find ways to save energy while providing a return on investment. Reduction in greenhouse gas emissions are a consequence of reduced energy consumption. Variable frequency drives (VFDs) were recently installed on heating ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) fans, with assistance from the Energy Innovators Initiative (EII) of Natural Resources Canada. In addition, the West Edmonton Mall is now signed up with Canada's Climate Change Voluntary Challenge and Registry Inc. The retrofit involved the conversion of 42 constant speed, variable-pitch supply and return fans to a fixed pitch. The total cost of the retrofit was $970,000, and the energy savings are expected to reach $524,295 annually. A brief overview of energy savings measures implemented since 1985 was provided. Separate metering and billing for new tenants is a strategy to make sure that they are aware of their energy costs. This strategy makes them more active in reducing their energy consumption. An awareness and accountability system was put in place, and a variety of potential projects are being evaluated, such as a cogeneration system, updating fluid pumps, and adding new controls to hot water heaters. 1 tab.

  4. A New Look for the Shopping Mall

    1985-01-01

    STRUCTO-FAB, a product of Owens-Corning Fiberglas Corporation, is a lightweight but extremely durable tent-like material made of Fiberglas coated with Teflon. It transmits daylight with a reduced need for artificial lighting. It is an outgrowth of a material formulated by NASA in 1967 as a new space suit fabric. Owens-Corning and DuPont provided the original material, which was the basis for Structo-Fab, a permanent architectural fabric used for shopping malls, sports stadiums, etc.

  5. Planning continuity and the actual conditions of shopping malls.

    Morita, Yoshitsugu; Tahara, Manabu

    2004-11-01

    The main purpose of this study is to investigate the continuity of the planning of shopping malls in downtown areas of Japan and to look into the tendencies of the current existing malls until today. This paper is a summary of a survey conducted on the actual conditions of current shopping malls and a questionnaire administered to local governments in the survey areas. The results of this study allow us to summarize the reasons for and changes caused by renewal efforts directed toward the streets, public spaces, and urban elements (pavement, bench, streetlight, arcade, sculpture, etc.) in shopping malls. Furthermore, these results also help us to understand the scale of the renewal efforts as well as their timing in relation to when the shopping mall was originally constructed.

  6. Face Transplantation: On the Verge of Becoming Clinical Routine?

    Ralf Smeets

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Face transplantation (FT is an innovative achievement of modern reconstructive surgery and is on the verge of becoming a common surgical opportunity. This review article was compiled to provide an update on this surgical field, especially regarding clinical outcomes, benefits, and complications implied. Methods. We performed an extensive research on all English-language Medline articles, case reports, and reviews published online until September 15, 2013. Used search terms were “face transplantation,” “face transplant,” “facial transplantation,” “facial transplant,” “face allograft,” and “facial allograft.” Results. To date 27 FTs have been performed worldwide. 19 of these cases have been published in the Medline database. Long-term follow-up reports of FT cases are rare. Three deaths associated with the procedure have occurred to date. The clinical outcomes of FT are satisfying. Reinnervation of sensation has been faster than motor recovery. Extensive functional improvements have been observed. Due to strict immunosuppression protocols, no case of hyperacute or chronic rejection and no graft-versus-host disease have occurred to date. Conclusions. As studies on long-term outcomes are missing, particularly regarding immunosuppression-related complications, FT will stay experimental for the next years. Nevertheless, for a small group of patients, FT already is a feasible reconstructive option.

  7. Specific energy use in Swedish and Norwegian shopping malls

    Stensson, Sofia; Axell, Monica (SP Energy Technology, Boraas (Sweden)); Smaage, Kjell Petter (Evotek AS (Norway)); Fahlen, Per (Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Building Services Engineering, Goeteborg (Sweden))

    2009-07-01

    The prevalence of shopping malls is growing worldwide. Internationally, there are differences in energy use and system solutions due to local outdoor climate, available energy resources, prices, national building regulations, traditions etc. On the other hand, tenants are usually international chains and they often have the same demands regarding indoor climate, system solutions etc. irrespective of the national differences. Shopping malls overall tends to have large lighting loads, high population density and, hence, a large air conditioning demand. There is also an apparent trend towards increasing glass surfaces and such design feature affects the energy balance of the building. For those interested in the energy efficiency of the building and its installations, it is interesting to know how different system solutions affect the energy use. Benchmarking between buildings gives valuable insight to energy efficient design and operation. However, available information on energy use for such benchmarking in shopping malls is still rather limited. This study investigates shopping malls in Sweden and Norway. Available national statistical data on retail and shopping malls are reviewed. Further building statistical data were collected from building owners and managers, covering energy use in 41 shopping malls. Additional energy use data for 115 shops, within three of these shopping malls were also collected. The building statistical data shows that the average energy use in Norwegian and Swedish shopping malls are approximately 291 and 279 kWh/m2/year respectively. The highest energy use exceeds the lowest figure by approximately 50 percent, indicating a significant potential for improvement. Results also show a wide deviation in energy use of the different shops in a shopping mall. The paper further provides a discussion concerning alternative benchmarking methods and necessary improvements to make valid conclusions regarding energy use in shopping malls.

  8. Astronomy Festival on the National Mall

    Lubowich, D.

    2015-11-01

    The annual Astronomy Festival on the National Mall (AFNM) takes place on 11 acres north of the Washington Monument in June (previous AFNM were April and July). AFNM, sponsored by Hofstra University, features optical and radio telescope viewing of the Sun, Moon, planets, stars, clusters, and nebulae; a live large-screen image, a cell phone imaging mount; exhibits; hands-on activities; videos; large outdoor banners and posters; citizen science activities; hand-outs; bookmarks, and teacher information materials. With no tall buildings almost the entire sky is visible and 10th mag. moons of Saturn and the Ring Nebula (9.75 mag.) were easily visible on clear nights. Representatives from some of the nation's foremost scientific and educational institutions presented exciting demonstrations and activities; and answered questions about careers in science, celestial objects, and the latest astronomical discoveries. Local amateur astronomers set up twenty telescopes on the Mall and long lines of 20-30 people waited to look through the telescopes. Visitors met astronaut Dr. John Grunsfeld (Associate Administrator, NASA) and astronomers Dr. Lisse, Dr. Livengood, Dr. Warren, and Dr. Paul Hertz (Director, Astrophysics Division, NASA). Important historical astronomers spoke to the attendees: Caroline Herschel (Lynn King); Tycho Brahe (Dean Howarth); and Johannes Kepler (Jeff Jones). Free telescopes, donated by Celestron, were raffled off.

  9. Rostocker Hof shopping mall; Galerie Rostocker Hof

    Anon.

    1998-06-01

    The Rostocker Hof shopping mall comprises a 151-room hotel, a shopping mall of 45 shops, 22230m{sup 2} of office floor, and an underground garage with 308 parking lots. The following systems are described: Heating systems, air conditioning systems, refrigeration systems, ventilation systems, fire protection systems and electrical installation. Heat is supplied by the district heating grids. Circuit diagrams and flow charts are presented for the heat exchangers and heat supply system, the air conditioning system, the sanitary and sprinkler systems, and the single-room control systems for heat and fresh air supply. (MSK) [Deutsch] Der Rostocker Hof umfasst ein Hotel mit 151 Zimmern, eine Einzelhandelspassage mit 45 Laeden sowie 2230qm Bueronutzungsflaeche und eine Tiefgarage mit 308 Stellplaetzen. Die Haustechnik wird in folgenden Punkten erlaeutert: Heizungtechnik, Klimatechnik, Kaeltetechnik, Lueftungstechnik, Brandschutzanlage sowie Elektroinstallation. Die Waermerversorgung erfolgt durch Fernwaerme. Schaltplaene bzw. Funktionsablaeufe sind fuer die Waermeuebergabestation, die Waermeaufbereitung, die Luftaufbereitungsanlage, die Sanitaer- und Sprinkleranlage sowie fuer die Waerme- und Raumluftregelung der Einzelraeume enthalten. (MSK)

  10. Vegetation composition of roadside verges in Scotland: the effects of nitrogen deposition, disturbance and management

    Truscott, A.M.; Palmer, S.C.F.; McGowan, G.M.; Cape, J.N.; Smart, S.

    2005-01-01

    Vehicular emissions of NO x and NH 3 result in elevated concentrations of nitrogen at roadside verges. To determine the extent that vehicular nitrogen emissions, disturbance and management affect the vegetation composition of road verges, a survey of 92 verges in Scotland was carried out with sites stratified by background nitrogen deposition and road type. NO x and NH 3 concentrations were monitored at 15 key sites for a year, and showed a decreasing gradient with increasing distance from the road. Ellenberg fertility indices of the vegetation communities also showed a general decrease with increasing distance from the road, but there was no straightforward correlation with NO x and NH 3 air concentrations between sites. Cover of bare ground, ruderal species and salt-tolerant species were highest at the verge edge. The proximity of the verge to traffic is important both in terms of NO x and NH 3 gradients, but also for deposited salt, grit and physical disturbance. - NO x , NH 3 and road verge vegetation Ellenberg fertility indices decline with distance from traffic

  11. Effect of different mowing regimes on butterflies and diurnal moths on road verges

    Valtonen, A.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available In northern and central Europe road verges offer alternative habitats for declining plant and invertebrate species of semi-natural grasslands. The quality of road verges as habitats depends on several factors, of which the mowing regime is one of the easiest to modify. In this study we compared the Lepidoptera communities on road verges that underwent three different mowing regimes regarding the timing and intensity of mowing; mowing in mid-summer, mowing in late summer, and partial mowing (a narrow strip next to the road. A total of 12,174 individuals and 107 species of Lepidoptera were recorded. The mid-summer mown verges had lower species richness and abundance of butterflies and lower species richness and diversity of diurnal moths compared to the late summer and partially mown verges. By delaying the annual mowing until late summer or promoting mosaic-like mowing regimes, such as partial mowing, the quality of road verges as habitats for butterflies and diurnal moths can be improved.

  12. Road verges and winter wheat fields as resources for wild bees in agricultural landscapes

    Henriksen, Casper Christian I; Langer, Vibeke

    2013-01-01

    The effects of farming system on plant density and flowering of dicotyledonous herbs of high value for bees were investigated in 14 organic and 14 conventional winter wheat fields and adjacent road verges. The organic and conventional winter wheat fields/road verges were paired based on the perce......The effects of farming system on plant density and flowering of dicotyledonous herbs of high value for bees were investigated in 14 organic and 14 conventional winter wheat fields and adjacent road verges. The organic and conventional winter wheat fields/road verges were paired based...... on the percentage of semi-natural habitats in the surrounding landscape at 1-km scale. Mean density of high value bee plants per Raunkiaer circle was significantly higher in organic winter wheat fields and their adjacent road verges than in their conventionally farmed counterparts. The effect of organic farming...... was even more pronounced on the flowering stage of high value bee plants, with 10-fold higher mean density of flowering plants in organic fields than in conventional fields and 1.9-fold higher in road verges bordering organic fields than in those bordering conventional fields. In summary, organic farming...

  13. Rancang Bangun E-commerce Template Untuk Aplikasi Content and Management Electronic Mall (Came-mall)

    Maulana, Kamal; Sugiharto, Aris; Wibawa, Helmie Arif

    2012-01-01

    Kebanyakan e-commerce di Indonesia masih berorientasi ke pasar regional. Sehingga e-commerce tersebut masih menggunakan bahasa Indonesia. Adanya e-commerce template memudahkan pembuatan sebuah e-commerce. Namun, kebanyakan e-commerce template menggunakan bahasa Inggris sebagai default. Dibutuhkan aplikasi pembuat e-commerce yang menggunakan bahasa Indonesia dan memiliki fungsi-fungsi yang hanya dibutuhkan oleh pengguna pemula. Came-mall adalah salah satu aplikasi e-commerce template yang meng...

  14. Lost in the mall: misrepresentations and misunderstandings.

    Loftus, Elizabeth F

    1999-01-01

    Readers of Ethics and Behavior have been treated to a misrepresentation of my research on planting false memories, to a misstatement of the actual empirical finidngs, and to a distortion of the history of the development of the idea for this line of research. The partisan essay by Crook and Dean which appears in this issue ("'Lost in a Shopping Mall' -- A Breach of Professional Ethics") is disturbing not only because of its errors, exaggerations, and omissions, but because, in some instances, the quality of the argument makes one wonder whether these were innocent mistakes or a deliberate attempt to distort my work. Some of these errors can be explained by simple lack of scientific competence. However, others are sufficiently bizarre that they cast doubt on the process that led to the acceptance of a manuscript written by an individual who has continually made her animosity toward me very publicly known (e.g., Boerner, 1996; Neimark, 1996).

  15. [Festival "Avantgarde-Tirol"] / Malle Maltis, Tammo Sumera

    Maltis, Malle, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    Helilooja Malle Maltise ja elektronmuusiku Tammo Sumera muljeid uue muusika ühenduse ECPNM (European Conference of Promoters of New Music = Euroopa uue muusika edendajate konverents) korraldatud üle-euroopalisest elektronmuusika teoste konkursist

  16. Mall shopping preferences and patronage of mature shoppers

    Gabriel G. Rousseau

    2014-04-01

    Research purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the buying behaviour of mature consumers (older than 55 in Port Elizabeth shopping malls. Motivation for the study: The perception of mature shoppers as old people with limited financial resources is untrue. This study investigates the behaviours of mature shoppers. Research design, approach and method: A model guided the investigation. The authors facilitated four focus groups to gain insight into mature consumers’ buying behaviours. A field survey followed with a sample of mall shoppers (n = 680. The authors performed content analysis of the focus group material and used SPSS and AMOS programs to analyse the data quantitatively. Main findings: Focus group interviews revealed specific buying behaviours of mature shoppers. The survey showed significant relationships between various determinants that influence respondents’ buying behaviours with adequate model fit indices. These results confirmed the convergent and discriminant validity of the model that comprises mall shopping anticipation, experience and patronage. Practical/managerial implications: Mature shoppers’ expectations exceeded their experiences, suggesting dissatisfaction with some aspects of their experiences. Retailers and shopping mall managers need to redesign malls if they wish to cater for the segment of ageing shoppers and their spending power. Contribution/value-add: The study contributes to the research available in South Africa on service at shopping malls that cater for mature consumers.

  17. Indoor air quality at nine shopping malls in Hong Kong.

    Li, W M; Lee, S C; Chan, L Y

    2001-06-12

    Hong Kong is one of the most attractive shopping paradises in the world. Many local people and international tourists favor to spend their time in shopping malls in Hong Kong. Good indoor air quality is, therefore, very essential to shoppers. In order to characterize the indoor air quality in shopping malls, nine shopping malls in Hong Kong were selected for this study. The indoor air pollutants included carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), total hydrocarbons (THC), formaldehyde (HCHO), respirable particulate matter (PM10) and total bacteria count (TBC). More than 40% of the shopping malls had 1-h average CO2 levels above the 1000 ppm of the ASHRAE standard on both weekdays and weekends. Also, they had average weekday PM10 concentrations that exceeded the Hong Kong Indoor Air Quality Objective (HKIAQO). The highest indoor PM10 level at a mall was 380 microg/m3. Of the malls surveyed, 30% had indoor airborne bacteria levels above 1000 cfu/m3 set by the HKIAQO. The elevated indoor CO2 and bacteria levels could result from high occupancy combined with insufficient ventilation. The increased PM10 levels could be probably attributed to illegal smoking inside these establishments. In comparison, the shopping malls that contained internal public transport drop-off areas, where vehicles were parked with idling engines and had major entry doors close to heavy traffic roads had higher CO and PM10 indoor levels. In addition, the extensive use of cooking stoves without adequate ventilation inside food courts could increase indoor CO2, CO and PM10 levels.

  18. Teens: Want a Brighter Smile? Visit the Dentist, Not the Shopping Mall

    ... a Brighter Smile? Visit the Dentist, not the Shopping Mall Article Chapters Teens: Want a Brighter Smile? Visit the Dentist, not the Shopping Mall print full article print this chapter email this ...

  19. High School Girls’ Shopping Mall Experiences, Perceptions and Expectations: A Qualitative Study

    Burcu Ilter TABAK; Ozge OZGEN; Bilge AYKOL

    2006-01-01

    Shopping malls have become an important part of the economic and social fabric of Turkey especially in some of the big cities. In Izmir, there are currently eight shopping malls and this number is expected to increase due to the interest of consumers and investors in shopping malls. This can lead to over saturation triggering high level of competition. Thus deeper understanding of consumer expectations, experiences and perceptions regarding mall image has become much more essential. Shopping ...

  20. A Strategic Planning for a College Student-Segment Shopping Mall

    Astri Anindya Sari; Hanson Endra Kusuma; Baskoro Tedjo

    2011-01-01

    In the midst of shopping mall development today, an understanding of consumer behaviors and preferences is absolutely a must if we want to plan successfuly a shopping mall. This knowledge will provide input for strategic planning so that the concept offered for shopping mall development will meet the consumers’ demand and may win the market competition. This study explores the preferences of students in Bandung as one of the potential market segments of the shopping mall. Qualitative study w...

  1. Machine for Shopping: American Postwar Malls, Culture, and the Consumption of Commercial Urbanism

    Siegel, Robyn Schwartz

    2011-01-01

    This thesis presents three case studies: a modern mall, NorthPark Center, and two contemporary shopping malls, The Americana at Brand and Crystals at CityCenter. These examples problematize aspects of American culture and consumption. Each mall is analyzed in the context of its retail history, the intention of the architecture, the art, the references to other buildings, places, or times, and, lastly, how the commercial mall purports to embody positive forms of urbanity in an idealized city ...

  2. Sex, Milk and Death: The Enigma Sexuality | Vergès | CODESRIA ...

    Sex, Milk and Death: The Enigma Sexuality. Françoise Vergès. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact AJOL · News. OTHER RESOURCES... for Researchers · for Journals ...

  3. Virtual Learning Environments on the Go: CALL Meets MALL

    Arús Hita, Jorge

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents "Eating out," a Moodle-based digital learning resource for English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teaching that can be run both on computers and mobile devices. It is argued that Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) resources do not necessarily need to be specifically designed for such platforms. Rather, a carefully…

  4. SHOPPING MALL LIBRARY: KAJIAN TERKINI DI EMPAT NEGARA ASIA TENGGARA

    Madiareni Sulaiman

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper discuss about recent researches with shopping-mall library as the main topic and their management for society. This concept is unique because we view the library as a place for user. It is actually already a familiar thing for user in developed country, like United States, United Kingdom and Australia. But, in some of the Southeast Asian country, it is already applied for the last ten years, especially Indonesia. However, it has slow response in Indonesia because the lack of socialization.Whereas, in the other Southeast Asian country, this kind of library was full supported by government and private company.This paper uses qualitative research with literature study from books, journal articles and web articles. It is delivered with systematic description of recent studies. The study is limited to the Southeast Asia region, especially in Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia. The result of study is that shopping-mall library already applied in some country with different terms, such as Library@Mall in Singapore, myLibrary in Malaysia, Knowledge Park in Thailand and TBM@Mall in Indonesia. It is managed by government and private institution in order to make sustainable development for library management (vision, resources: staffs, collections and facility, and socialization/promotion.

  5. Investigation of Fire Safety Awareness and Management in Mall

    Abdul Rahim N.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In spite of having sufficient fire safety system installed in buildings, the incidence of fire hazard becomes the furthermost and supreme threat to health and safety, as well as property to any community. In order to make sure that the safety of the building and its users, the fundamental features depends on the fire precaution system and equipment which should be according to the standard requirements. Nevertheless, the awareness on fire safety could necessarily alleviate the damages or rate of fatality during the event of fire. This paper presents the results on the investigation of fire safety awareness and management, concentrating on shopping mall. The endeavour of this study is to explore the level of fire safety knowledge of the users in the mall, and to study the effectiveness level of fire safety management in a mall. From the study, public awareness is highly related to understanding human behaviour and their personal background. The respondents’ levels of awareness are rather low, which reflects on their poor action when facing emergency situation during fire. The most effective methods identified to improve the awareness and effectiveness of fire safety level is through involvement in related fire safety programmes, distribution of pamphlets or brochures on fire safety and appointing specific personnel for Emergency Response Team in the mall.

  6. Adolescents and Adults at the Mall: Dyadic Interactions.

    Readdick, Christine A.; Mullis, Ronald L.

    1997-01-01

    Examines differences in interpersonal engagements between teen-teen dyads (n=865) and teen-adults dyads (n=190) in a mall. Results indicate that teen-teen dyads differed from teen-adult dyads on two variables: conversation and shopping evidence. Within teen-teen dyad comparisons yielded gender and racial differences, but only one age difference.…

  7. The Unacceptable "Flaneur": The Shopping Mall as a Teenage Hangout.

    Matthews, Hugh; Taylor, Mark; Percy-Smith, Barry; Limb, Melanie

    2000-01-01

    Examines attitudes toward the role of the shopping mall as a place for congregating. Notes that adult attitudes reflect a discomfort with teenagers being in a place where they have no clear role, while teenagers transgress and question the spatial hegemony of adulthood, creating a "thirdspace" reflecting their place between adulthood and…

  8. Malle Leisi ja Sandra Jõgeva kontrastvärvides perepilt / Malle Leis, Sandra Jõgeva ; intervjueerinud Tanel Veenre

    Leis, Malle, 1940-

    2010-01-01

    Intervjuu 9. juulil 70. sünnipäeva tähistanud maalikunstniku ja graafiku Malle Leisi ning tema tütre, kunstniku ja kirjaniku Sandra Jõgevaga. Kunstnikud endast, oma ja teineteise loomingust, huvist selle vastu, neid ühendavast, ideede taaskasutamisest, praegusest maalist, sotsiaalsest kunstist jm. Kunstnike eluloolisi andmeid ja andmeid nende loomingulise tegevuse kohta

  9. Roadside verges as habitats for endangered lizard-orchids (Himantoglossum spp.): Ecological traps or refuges?

    Fekete, Réka; Nagy, Timea; Bódis, Judit; Biró, Éva; Löki, Viktor; Süveges, Kristóf; Takács, Attila; Tökölyi, Jácint; Molnár V, Attila

    2017-12-31

    Alterations in traditional land use practices have led to severe declines in the area of semi-natural grasslands, thereby seriously threatening plant and animal species dependent on these habitats. Small anthropogenic managed habitats, like roadsides can act as refuges and might play an important role in conserving these species. Colonization of roadside verges by endangered lizard orchids (Himantoglossum spp.) has long been known, but few studies have systematically explored the suitability of roadside habitats for these orchids and the impact of roads on them. In this paper we present results of targeted surveys of three lizard orchid taxa on roadsides from eight European countries. During these surveys we searched for lizard orchids inhabiting roadside verges and recorded their distance from road, aspects of the roadside environment, as well as vegetative and reproductive characteristics of individual plants. We found large numbers of lizard orchids on roadside verges. Distance from roads was not uniformly distributed: orchids occurred more closely to roads than expected by chance. This suggests that regular management of roadsides (e.g. mowing) might enhance colonization and survival of lizard orchids. On the other hand, we also found that close proximity to roads negatively affects reproductive success, suggesting that the immediate vicinity of roads might act as an ecological trap (i.e. favorable in terms of colonization and survival but unfavorable in terms of reproduction). Nonetheless, the fact that significant and viable populations are maintained at roadsides suggests that traditionally managed roadside verges may allow long-term persistence of lizard orchid populations and may serve as refuges in a landscape context. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Design, fabrication and erection of Queen Mall Bridge; Queen mall kyo no sekkei seisaku kasetsu

    Arai, M.; Ishii, A.; Shinohara, T. [Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-12-20

    This paper describes design, fabrication and erection of Queen Mall Bridge, which is a new landmark in Minato-Mirai Yokohama. This bridge is two-span continuous cable stayed pedestrian bridge with a roof, and has a length 72.2 m, a width 18 m and a weight about 1,050 t. This bridge connects between the Queen`s Square and the second floor of Pacifico Yokohama. Achieving harmonious impression of the newly designed bridge in this area, glass roof was employed and all-weld method was applied to the in-site jointing of main girders and main tower in addition to the essential structural design. Since all-weld method was applied to the in-site jointing, highly accurate fabrication was considered during the in-site jointing. Due to the heavy traffic of the road below the bridge, the erection time was shortened under the severe erection conditions at night by large block method. Especially, accuracy control was considered for the whole shape management. Pre-assemble of all members was conducted just near the erection site, only 500 m away from the site, to shorten the construction time. 1 ref., 5 figs.

  11. Weight Measurement Chitosan Molecule using GPC-MALLS

    Mohd Yusof Hamzah; Norhashidah Talip; Maznah Mahmud

    2011-01-01

    Research on basic characteristics and application of practical chitosan are need in order to understand their physical and chemical properties of this materials. One of the physico chemical properties that important for every polymers is absolute molecular weights. The important of this aspects has give big impacts on non colligative of the polymers, for example, viscosity, solubility and so on. Absolute weight molecular weights of each polymers can be measured by using GPC-MALLS. This device functioned as molecular size separator and molecular weight measurement by integration of the information such as sample concentration, light scattering index and sample reaction information using laser radiation irradiated from 18 angles.In this scope, we will discuss deeply on absolute weight molecular measurement of chitosan by using GPC-MALLS. (author)

  12. A Shopping Mall Multiagent System: Ambient Intelligence in Practice.

    Bajo Pérez, Javier; González Arrieta, Angélica; de Luis Reboredo, Ana; Saavedra, A.; Corchado Rodríguez, Juan M.

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents a multiagent model that facilitates aspects of shopping mall management, as well as increasing the quality of leisure facilities and shopping on offer. The work presented focuses on the use of a multi agent architecture, based on the use of deliberative agents that incorporates casebased planning. The architecture considers a dynamic framework that facilitates user’s interactions. The architecture incorporates agents whose aim is to acquire knowledge and adapt themselves t...

  13. CONSUMER’S EMOTIONAL INFLUENCE & VISUAL MERCHANDISING EFFECTS: SHOPPING MALLS

    Ranjan Upadhyaya; Govind Nath Srivastava

    2013-01-01

    The research empirically examines the impact of emotional influence in evaluation and purchase decision with special reference to goods sold in shopping malls. Various factors which influence the consumer decision, such as ease offered by retailer to customers in defining, selecting and purchasing the product, brand value, utility of the product, reference group, value for money, advertising and its appeal etc are being critically analyzed and its impact is being em...

  14. Responsabilidad Social Empresarial. Caso Centro Comercial Lago Mall

    Carlos E. Torres Geisse

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del artículo es el análisis de la responsabilidad empresarial para el centro comercial Lago Mall. El tipo de investigación fue un proyecto factible, descriptivo y de campo, con un diseño de tipo no experimental y transeccional. Se consideró como población al gerente de mercadeo del C.C Lago Mall, a quince (15 miembros de la comunidad interna, y a noventa (90 miembros de la comunidad externa del mismo. Las técnicas de recolección de datos aplicadas fueron: la encuesta y la entrevista. Los instrumentos fueron validados por cinco (5 expertos en gerencia social, obteniendo una confiabilidad de 0,99. Los resultados indican que en ambas dimensiones de la RSE los elementos que la integran no constituían un marco ideal para considerar a la empresa C.C. Lago Mall como socialmente responsable. Se concluye que el mismo carece de programas formales de responsabilidad social empresarial; sin embargo demuestra un compromiso con los principios de la empresa y con los valores de los empleados, donde se destacan la dignidad, identidad e integridad por los grupos de interés que se han denominado internos y externos.

  15. Forecasting of Satisfaction and Revisit Intention of Indonesia Shoppers in Shopping Malls

    Ayuni, Risca Fitri

    2017-01-01

    . Due to tight competition, changing value proposition of customer and shiftingof mall functions become center for leisure purposes, shopping mall developer mustfocus on create shopper satisfaction to influence their post-transaction behaviors. Thisstudy investigates the relationship between mall personality, self-congruity, perceivedquality, shopping value, shopper satisfaction and revisit intention. Two hundredrespondents participated in this study. In order to achieve the aim of this study...

  16. Vancouver shopping mall liable for discrimination against Aboriginal and disabled people.

    Betteridge, Glenn

    2005-12-01

    In a decision released on 13 July 2005, the British Columbia Human Rights Tribunal (the Tribunal) found that the owners of a mall and the security company contracted by the mall had engaged in both individual and systemic discrimination. Among other findings, the Tribunal determined that Henderson Development (Canada) Limited (Henderson) and Securiguard Services Limited (Securiguard) discriminated against mall patrons who were Aboriginal, or who were perceived to be living with a disability, including drug dependence and HIV/AIDS.

  17. Rehabilitation in the real-life environment of a shopping mall.

    Labbé, Delphine; Poldma, Tiiu; Fichten, Catherine; Havel, Alice; Kehayia, Eva; Mazer, Barbara; McKinley, Patricia; Rochette, Annie; Swaine, Bonnie

    2018-04-01

    The aim of this study was to explore how shopping malls could be used during rehabilitation and to identify the facilitators and barriers to their use. Two focus groups, conducted with 15 rehabilitation professionals from various disciplines and working with people with disabilities of all ages were structured around two topics: (i) The usage of malls for rehabilitation and (ii) Factors that facilitate or limit rehabilitation professionals' use of the mall as an environment for clinical assessment and/or intervention. The thematic analysis revealed that shopping malls were used to achieve several rehabilitation goals targeting physical and cognitive skills, psychological health and socialization. This real-life environment is motivating and helps foster independence and normalization. Factors affecting mall use during rehabilitation included personal factors (e.g. clients' personality and level of readiness) and environmental factors (e.g. clinical context, accessibility of the mall and social attitudes of store owners). Shopping malls may be a relevant rehabilitation assessment and treatment environment that could contribute to optimizing community integration of people with disabilities. Implications for rehabilitation To ensure successful community reintegration, clients could be trained at some point during their rehabilitation, to perform activities in real-life settings, such as a shopping mall. Shopping malls appear to enable the attainment of rehabilitation goals targeting a variety of skills. This real-life environment appears to be motivating and helps foster independence and normalization. Factors felt to affect mall use during rehabilitation include personal factors (e.g. clients' personality and level of readiness) and environmental factors (e.g. clinical context, accessibility of the mall and social attitudes of store owners). The shopping mall may be an untapped resource as it appears to be a relevant rehabilitation assessment and treatment

  18. Mall Pendin rääkis Poola reisist / Liina Falkenberg ; foto: Miljande Pärtma

    Falkenberg, Liina

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Genealoogiaseltsi Tartu osakonna juhatuse tegevliikme ja Eesti Rahva Muuseumi Sõprade Seltsi tegemiste ja toimetamiste korraldaja Mall Pendini reisimuljete õhtust 16. oktoobril Stockholmi Eesti Majas

  19. Discrimination against teenagers in the mall environment: a case from Ankara, Turkey.

    Mugan, Guliz; Erkip, Feyzan

    2009-01-01

    Teenagers spend much of their leisure time at shopping malls which is a result of factors such as parental constraints due to the incivility of the streets, financial dependence, and limited financial resources. Migros, a shopping mall in Ankara was chosen as the site for this research with the main purpose of studying discrimination patterns against teenagers in the mall environment. The research was carried out through observation and in-depth interviews with 104 teenagers. Results indicate that, although they have some complaints, most of the teenagers do not perceive discrimination in the mall, unlike their foreign counterparts.

  20. Lead concentrations and reproductive success in European starlings Sturnus vulgaris nesting within highway roadside verges

    Grue, C.E.; Hoffman, D.J.; Beyer, W.N.; Franson, L.P.

    1986-01-01

    In 1981, the authors studied lead concentrations and reproductive success in free-living European starlings Sturnus vulgaris nesting within the verges of two Maryland highways with different traffic volumes, Route 197(average daily traffic volume[ADT] = 10,800 vehicles) and the Baltimore-Washington Parkway (ADT=52,500 vehicles) and a nearby control area. Concentrations (mg kg-1 dry weight) of lead in the ingesta (84-94 mg kg-1), carcasses (4.0-9.6 mg kg-1)and feathers (6.8-52 mg kg-1) of Parkway nestlings and adults were 3 to 13 times those found in starlings from the control area, whereas lead concentrations in the ingesta and tissues of starlings from the verge of Route 197 were similar to those of controls. Activity of delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) in red blood cells (RBCs) of adult and nestling starlings from the Parkway was depressed from 43 to 60% compared to controls. RBC ALAD activity in adults from nests along Route 197 was similar to that of adult starlings from the control area, but that of their young was depressed 17%. Haemoglobin concentrations (-16%) and haematocrits (-10%) in Parkway nestlings were depressed compared with those of nestlings from the other two study areas, whereas those of adults were not affected. Clutch size, number of young hatched and the number of young in nests 1 to 3 days before fledging were similar among sites, as were body weights of adults and prefledging weights of their young. However, brain weights of Parkway nestlings were lower (P < 0.05) than those of nestlings from the other study areas. Results suggests that lead within verges of major highways probably does not pose a serious hazard to adult ground-foraging songbirds. However, the effects of lead-induced reductions in haemoglobin concentration, haematocrit, RBC ALAD activity and brain weight on the postfledging survival of their young are not known.

  1. La teoría de la vergüenza reintegrativa de John Braithwaite

    Miguel Langón Cuñarro

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Este importante autor australiano presenta una de las últimas teorías criminólogas, dentro del grupo de teorías integradoras, que no debería ser desconocida por los operadores, sobre todo porque, más allá del alcance explicativo que tenga sobre la criminalidad, es obvio. que presenta una riqueza tal de contenido, que puede ser de aplicación en numerosas áreas de tratamiento de infractores.Su concepción del hecho criminal y el tratamiento se divide entre: a una concepción o teoría republicana de la Justicia criminal, que es de tipo normativo, y refiere al deber. ser, que postula como propio de los sistemas democráticos de justicia penal que el derecho a castigar sólo puede ser admisible cuando ello incrementa la libertad republicana en la sociedad, y, b la teoría de la vergüenza reintegradora que es una teoría del ser, que intenta ser de carácter explicativa, y que se opone, como se verá a la vergüenza "desintegradora" que deriva de la estigmatización.

  2. Exploring the Application of a Conceptual Framework in a Social MALL App

    Read, Timothy; Bárcena, Elena; Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes

    2016-01-01

    This article presents a prototype social Mobile Assisted Language Learning (henceforth, MALL) app based on Kukulska-Hulme's (2012) conceptual framework. This research allows the exploration of time, place and activity type as key factors in the design of MALL apps, and is the first step toward a systematic analysis of such a framework in this type…

  3. InfoMall: An Innovative Strategy for High-Performance Computing and Communications Applications Development.

    Mills, Kim; Fox, Geoffrey

    1994-01-01

    Describes the InfoMall, a program led by the Northeast Parallel Architectures Center (NPAC) at Syracuse University (New York). The InfoMall features a partnership of approximately 24 organizations offering linked programs in High Performance Computing and Communications (HPCC) technology integration, software development, marketing, education and…

  4. 75 FR 1406 - National Mall and Memorial Parks, Washington, DC; Notice of Availability of an Environmental...

    2010-01-11

    ... Washington, DC. The National Mall Plan is a long-range management plan that focuses on the use and... Spain, Project Executive. Before including your address, phone number, e-mail address, or other personal... Impact Statement. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Susan Spain, Project Executive, National Mall Plan at...

  5. Community context and strip mall retail: public response to the roadside landscape

    Kathleen. Wolf

    2008-01-01

    Strip malls (or mini-malls) are a common land use, historically promoted by U.S. zoning practices that concentrate retail and commercial development in a narrow band along urban arterials and major streets. They are an entry-level retail niche offering opportunity for independent, start-up businesses that serve a limited market....

  6. Pengaruh Budaya Organisasi Terhadap Employee Engagement Dengan Perceived Organizational Support Sebagai Variabel Intervening Di Restoran Imperial Chef Galaxy Mall Surabaya

    Leung, Jason; Lim, Deddy Wijaya

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui pengaruh budaya organisasi terhadap employee engagement dengan perceived organizational support sebagai variabel intevening di Restoran Imperial Chef Galaxy Mall Surabaya.Teknik analisa yang digunakan adalah Partial Least Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara keseluruhan keadaan budaya organisasi dan employee engagement di Restoran Imperial Chef Galaxy Mall Surabaya sudah baik. Ternyata di Restoran Imperial Chef Galaxy Mall Surabaya, buday...

  7. In the Growing Information Mall, Some Things Never Change

    Hailley Fargo

    2017-01-01

    A Review of: Fidel, R., Davies, R. K., Douglass, M. H., Holder, J. K., Hopkins, C. J., Kushner, E. J.,…. Toney, C. D. (1999). A visit to the information mall: Web searching behavior of high school students. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 50(1), 24-37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4571(1999)50:13.0.CO;2-W Abstract Objective – The research study aimed to discover high school students’ information searching behaviour on the Web and suggest Web change...

  8. Building Community: Stakeholder Perspectives on Walking in Malls and Other Venues.

    Belza, Basia; Miyawaki, Christina E; Allen, Peg; King, Diane K; Marquez, David X; Jones, Dina L; Janicek, Sarah; Rosenberg, Dori; Brown, David R

    2017-10-01

    Mall walking has been a popular physical activity for decades. However, little is known about why mall managers support these programs or why adults choose to walk. Our study aim was to describe mall walking programs from the perspectives of walkers, managers, and leaders. Twenty-eight walkers, 16 walking program managers, and six walking program leaders from five states participated in a telephone or in-person semi-structured interview (N = 50). Interview guides were developed using a social-ecological model. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed thematically. All informants indicated satisfaction with their program and environmental features. Differences in expectations were noted in that walkers wanted a safe, clean, and social place whereas managers and leaders felt a need to provide programmatic features. Given the favorable walking environments in malls, there is an opportunity for public health professionals, health care organizations, and providers of aging services to partner with malls to promote walking.

  9. Situational and Demographic Factors in the Sudden Growth of Pall Mall, 2002-2014.

    Sharma, Anushree; Fix, Brian V; Delnevo, Cristine D; Cummings, K Michael; O'Connor, Richard J

    2018-05-03

    Pall Mall gained significant brand share in the cigarette market between 2002 and 2013. We sought to determine whether demographic shifts occurred among the participants reporting Pall Mall as their usual brand during this time span. We examined National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) data from 2002-2014. Demographic characteristics included age, education, ethnicity, income, and cigarette use (cigarettes per day, daily/non-daily smoking, and nicotine dependence). We also examined RJ Reynolds investor reports and shareholder documents to determine the impact of tobacco marketing on the growth of Pall Mall. Over 2002-2014, Pall Mall has gained among smokers 26 to 34 years of age. More Pall Mall smokers in 2014 report higher incomes (over $75000), and also report lower scores on measures of cigarette dependence, compared to 2002. Pall Mall smokers over time seem to share characteristics of premium cigarette brands smokers. The profile of the typical Pall Mall smoker has changed as the brand has gained market share. An association exists between brand positioning and economic forces, which has contributed to an increase in the market share for Pall Mall. It is well known that cigarette marketing drives the sale of tobacco products. The growth in the market share of Pall Mall serves as an excellent example to demonstrate how economic uncertainty paired with brand positioning and advertising worked together to serve as a catalyst for the rapid growth observed for this brand. This paper also looked at various demographic changes that occurred among Pall Mall smokers over a 12 year period and compared them to smokers of all other cigarette brands. The results of this analysis demonstrate the importance of monitoring trends over time among cigarette smokers.

  10. La culpa y la vergüenza en la sexualidad adolescente: una perspectiva de género

    Cadena López, Judith

    2005-01-01

    En el presente trabajo trataré de analizar aspectos relacionados con las manifestaciones de culpabilidad y vergüenza ligadas al ejercicio de la sexualidad, especialmente entre adolescentes y jóvenes. Haré alusión también, a algunas de las emociones que junto con la culpa y la vergüenza matizan el comportamiento de las personas, al momento de abordar tópicos relacionados con la sexualidad, situaciones de violencia y, en general al momento de mantener una relación interpers...

  11. The impact of shopping mall development on small township retailers

    Andre Ligthelm

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The retail sector forms a critical element of a community’s economic and social welfare. It provides people with choices and services. These choices were until recently very limited in township areas. The pre-1994 retail landscape was dominated by small, often informal businesses offering basic household necessities to relatively low income earners. This has resulted in township residents’ preference to shop outside townships, known as ‘outshopping’. Rapid income growth of township residents since 1994 resulted in a substantial increase in consumer expenditure in these areas, known as ‘in-bound shopping’. This lucrative emerging market forms the last retail frontier in South Africa and is being explored by national retailers, especially supermarket chains. This article is aimed at establishing the impact of shopping mall development in townships on the traditional small township retailers including spaza/tuck shops. The net balance sheet on the impact of shopping mall development on small township retailers clearly suggests a decline in the township retailers’ market share. A change in small business model towards, inter alia, effective customer service with a small dedicated assortment of merchandise, satisfaction of emergency needs, selling in small units and extension of credit facilities may result in the survival of some small township retailers (albeit often at a smaller turnover.

  12. Perturbations of linear delay differential equations at the verge of instability.

    Lingala, N; Namachchivaya, N Sri

    2016-06-01

    The characteristic equation for a linear delay differential equation (DDE) has countably infinite roots on the complex plane. This paper considers linear DDEs that are on the verge of instability, i.e., a pair of roots of the characteristic equation lies on the imaginary axis of the complex plane and all other roots have negative real parts. It is shown that when small noise perturbations are present, the probability distribution of the dynamics can be approximated by the probability distribution of a certain one-dimensional stochastic differential equation (SDE) without delay. This is advantageous because equations without delay are easier to simulate and one-dimensional SDEs are analytically tractable. When the perturbations are also linear, it is shown that the stability depends on a specific complex number. The theory is applied to study oscillators with delayed feedback. Some errors in other articles that use multiscale approach are pointed out.

  13. Évergétisme et sol public en Hispanie sous l’Empire

    Goffaux, Bertrand

    2009-01-01

    Cet article pose la question du statut des terrains sur lesquels étaient construits les édifices publics des villes hispaniques, à partir d’un commentaire de l’inscription d’Obulco (CIL, II2/7, 97) qui présente la formule solo empto ab re publica. Selon l’interprétation proposée, cette dernière indique que l’évergète acheta le terrain à la communauté, et non qu’il fut acquis par la ville. Cette lecture souligne le pragmatisme des autorités municipales et jette une nouvelle lumière sur les rel...

  14. Diversity of ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) and spiders (Araneae) in roadside verges with grey hair-grass

    Noordijk, J.; Schaffers, A.P.; Sykora, K.V.

    2008-01-01

    Roadside verges in densely populated areas are often a significant addition to the total semi-natural area and as such may contribute to the conservation of biodiversity. Furthermore, they can enhance the ecological cohesion of a region, especially when the existing nature reserves are small and/or

  15. Impact of Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL on EFL: A Meta-Analysis

    Imtiaz Hassan Taj

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL has emerged as a potential tool in the instruction of English as a foreign language (EFL. Meta-analysis of 13 studies published between year 2008 and 2015 was conducted. Four point criteria for the selection of studies for analysis is based on the year of publication, quasi-experimental design, pretest and posttest method and finally use of mobile device for intervention. Findings of the analysis suggest that MALL has fostered the EFL instruction. Overall effect size was (d = 0.8 which is considered a large effect size. Keywords: MALL, technology assisted language learning, EFL, vocabulary acquisition, vocabulary instruction, meta-analysis

  16. Restaurant customer satisfaction and return patronage in a Bloemfontein shopping mall

    Hermanus Johannes Moolman

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Restaurants form one of the core components of a mall's retail offering and its tenant mix. In order to successfully manage the tenant mix, research suggests that mall management continuously monitor their tenants' performance through customer satisfaction and return patronage surveys. The purpose of the study on which this article is based, was to gain insight into restaurant customers' satisfaction and return patronage in a shopping mall context. Research questions: The research was conceptualised with the following three research questions in mind: Which dining attributes are important for customer satisfaction and return patronage in mall restaurants? Is there a difference in restaurant customers' satisfaction and return patronage levels based on their demographic characteristics? Is there a difference in restaurant customers' satisfaction and return patronage in the respective mall restaurants? Design / methodology / approach: A mixed-methods research design was followed. The views of restaurateurs and mall managers were explored (qualitative and 590 customers of eight restaurants situated in the mall successfully completed questionnaires (quantitative. Analysis of variance, t-tests, correlation analysis and regression analysis were performed to reach the objectives of the study. Findings: This research showed that food quality, quality service, restaurant ambience, the quality of facilities and the presence of management are important attributes in contributing to customers' overall dining satisfaction. Food quality and overall dining satisfaction are regarded as important attributes for restaurant customers' decision to return to a mall restaurant. Demographic characteristics of restaurant customers have little impact on customer satisfaction and return patronage levels. Mall restaurants were not equally successful in satisfying their customers in terms of service quality, quality of facilities and the presence of management

  17. The Future of Foreign Language Instructional Technology: BYOD MALL

    Jack Burston

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes trends in instructional technology that are influencing foreign language teaching today and that can be expected to increasingly do so in the future. Though already an integral part of foreign language instruction, digital technology is bound to play an increasing role in language teaching in the coming years. The greatest stimulus for this will undoubtedly be the accessibility of Mobile-Assisted Language Learning (MALL, made possible through the exploitation of mobile devices owned by students themselves. The ubiquitous ownership of smartphones and tablet computers among adolescents and adults now makes a Bring Your Own Device (BYOD approach a feasible alternative to desktop computer labs. Making this work, however, especially in a financially and technologically restricted environment, presents a number of challenges which are the focus of this paper.

  18. Where Should We Build a Mall? The Formation of Market Structure and Its Effect on Sales

    Chung, Doug Jin; Seo, Kyoungwon; Song, Reo

    2017-01-01

    We estimate a structural model that takes into account the entry decisions of retail stores and their corollary effects on total shopping mall sales. By understanding the endogenous behavior of individual store entry, we provide guidance on location choice for mall developers. We find negative competition effects to dominate within store categories—especially among discount and midscale stores—but positive agglomeration effects to exist across store categories. Although varying by store brand...

  19. Media Usage and Consumption Practice in Shopping Malls Among Female Youth in Modern Thai Society

    Kangwan Fongkaew

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents the data derived from the longitudinal ethnographic study on media useage and consumption practice in shopping malls as everyday life practices among female youth in a modern society of Chiang Mai, Northern Thailand, which contributed to their distinctive sexual identity construction and expression. Applying Bourdieu's theory of cultural capital and Friske's idea on tactical practice, this paper revealed that the various tactics female youth employed in shopping malls were...

  20. Adolescents with disabilities participate in the shopping mall: facilitators and barriers framed according to the ICF.

    Dahan-Oliel, Noémi; Shikako-Thomas, Keiko; Mazer, Barbara; Majnemer, Annette

    2016-10-01

    Community participation is restricted for youth with disabilities. The mall is an important gathering place where adolescents often socialise and develop community living skills, yet participation may be restricted. The aim of this study was to evaluate the facilitators and barriers to participation in a shopping mall through the perspectives of adolescents with disabilities. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with adolescents aged 12-19 years with a physical and/or sensory disability. Audio recordings were transcribed verbatim and coded following a template analysis using the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF). Eleven youth (six females, mean age = 17.0 years) participated. Medical conditions included visual impairment, hearing impairment, cerebral palsy, hemiplegia, osteogenesis imperfecta and congenital amputations. Six themes were identified by the adolescents: what the shopping mall means to me, physical environment, transportation, social factors, attitudes and the person. The majority of themes mapped to the ICF's 'environmental factors'. Facilitators and barriers identified were either generic or disability-specific, implying that some modifications to shopping malls may be beneficial across disability types. Changes made to the physical, social and attitudinal environment are required to enable full participation of youth with disabilities within a shopping mall and other built environments of high public access. Implications for Rehabilitation The meaning of the shopping mall according to youth with disabilities includes socialisation, shopping, getting out of the home and employment. The majority of themes mapped to 'environmental factors' indicating that most obstacles to participation are caused by environmental barriers. Facilitators and barriers identified were either generic or disability-specific implying that some modifications to shopping malls may be beneficial across disability types

  1. Family entrepreneurship in the Czech Republic on the verge of first generation handover

    Naděžda Petrů

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Family is an integral part of society in all cultures and time periods. Its mission is to raise the next generation, which will be able to continue and further develop knowledge and experience of the previous generation. The modern history of family entrepreneurship in Czech Republic restarted back in 1989, i.e., straight after the fall of the communist regime and restoration of the democratic system. People went into business with enthusiasm and the most successful ones among then now stand on the verge of generation handover. The literature review prepared using the desk-research method is mainly based on foreign professional sources – monographic publications, scientific articles published in professional magazines, accessed from Proquest, Web of Science, Ebsco, Scopus and some other databases. The objective of our quantitative research was to evaluate, based on parameter E (Experience, the generational representation of family members in relation to leadership and ownership of businesses. Quantitative research was based on the use of statistical and graphical data processing methods, including SPSS software, applied for the authors’ own empirical investigation based on the international methodology of family company review through the F-PEC scale, the Experience parameter (Astrachan et al., 2002. It was shown that accumulation of business experience in business families is still mainly concentrated on the founding generation of entrepreneurs. In the conclusion of the paper, deduction and generalisation methods have been applied.

  2. Learning English Vocabulary in a Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL Environment: A Sociocultural Study of Migrant Women

    Kham Sila Ahmad

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports on a case study of a group of six non-native English speaking migrant women’s experiences learning English vocabulary in a mobile assisted language learning (MALL environment at a small community centre in Western Australia. A sociocultural approach to learning vocabulary was adopted in designing the MALL lessons that the women undertook. The women provided demographic information, responded to questions in a pre-MALL semi-structured interview, attended the MALL lessons, and completed a post-MALL semi-structured interview. This study explores the sociocultural factors that affect migrant women’s language learning in general, and vocabulary in particular. The women’s responses to MALL lessons and using the tablet reveal a positive effect in their vocabulary learning.

  3. Data mining and mall users profile / Minería de datos y perfiles de usuarios en los centros comerciales

    Marina Romeo Delgado

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Marketing scholars have suggested a need for more empirical research on consumer response to malls, in order to have a better understanding of the variables that explain the behavior of the consumers. The segmentation methodology CHAID (Chi-square automatic interaction detection was used in order to identify the profiles of consumers with regard to their activities at malls, on the basis of socio-demographic variables and behavioral variables (how and with whom they go to the malls. A sample of 790 subjects answered an online questionnaire. The CHAID analysis of the results was used to identify the profiles of consumers with regard to their activitiesat malls. In the set of variables analyzed the transport used in order to go shopping and the frequency of visits to centers are the main predictors of behavior in malls. The results provide guidelines for the development of effective strategies to attract consumers to malls and retain them there.

  4. A Study on the Space Layout and Configuration of Shopping Malls in Relation to Pedestrian Movement Behavior - Case of UAE

    Rim, Meziani; Hussien, Ali Hussien

    2017-01-01

    The research aims to understand the relationship between the popularity and attractiveness of commercial buildings, shopping malls and any relationship with visitor satisfaction. This would assist in designing new malls or commercial buildings, predict their degree of popularity, and help achieve both higher revenue resulting from increasing the number of visitors and their satisfaction, comfort and enjoyment of the space. This study will focus on the relationship between shopping mall popula...

  5. Distribution and abundance of bee forage flora across an agricultural landscape – railway embankments vs. road verges

    Małgorzata Wrzesień

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we evaluated if railway embankments and road verges create refuge habitats for bee flora across agricultural landscape. The survey was conducted in 2009–2012, in the Lublin Province, SE Poland. Data on the bee forage flora were obtained while making floristic charts along 60 transect plots × 300 m, with a total length of 18 000 m, for each type of linear structure. Forage bee flora was compared with respect to species richness, diversity, and evenness indices. The canonical correspondence analysis (CCA was used to characterize relationship between species composition and environmental variables. The bee forage species richness and abundance were significantly greater on railway embankments than on road verges. The composition of species varied considerably; the number of bee forage species common to both habitats was only approximately 38% in entire data set. Most good-value bee forage species were recorded along the embankments of railways with an intermediate traffic volume. Bee forage species diversity benefits from the location of habitat elements (forests or meadows, primarily if the distance is <50 m. The lack of dense patches of valuable bee forage species in the road verges was related to the high density of non-nectariferous graminoids. Our results demonstrate how the value of man-made areas in an agricultural ecosystem can vary with respect to floral resources across the landscape, suggesting that it is inappropriate to generalize about agricultural systems as a whole without first addressing differences among habitats.

  6. ARCHITECTURE E-MALL USING RUP (RATIONAL UNIFED PROCESS METHODS

    Atin Triwahyuni

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Sistem Informasi dan teknologi saat ini telah berkembang dengan cepat dan memberikan dampak kedalam semua aspek kehidupan. Kebutuhan akan sistem informasi yang didukung dengan teknologi mulai dirasakan oleh berbagai kalangan masyarakat, salah satunya adalah kalangan masyarakat yang bergerak di dunia bisnis dan usaha, dengan memanfaatkan teknologi, setiap orang yang bergerak di dunia usaha dapat memperkenalkan produk mereka dengan menggunakan media internet, sehingga dapat meningkatkan penjualan dan memperluas pemasarannya, sedangkan pada media penjualan dagangan yang dijajakan masih secara konvensional, yaitu langsung bertatap muka dengan pelanggan untuk melihat maupun melakukan pembelian produk, dimana pelanggan terlebih dahulu menuju toko yang diinginkan, tapi dengan adanya sebuah website E-Mall ini, pelanggan bisa menemukan apa yang dicari tanpa harus mengunjungi toko tersebut. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode RUP (Rational Unifed Process yang menggunakan konsep object oriented, dengan aktifitas yang berfokus pada pengembangan model dengan menggunakan Unified Model Language (UML. Penelitian yang telah dilakukan menghasilkan sebuah website yang dapat membantu dalam bisnis perdagangan pakaian online.

  7. CONSUMER’S EMOTIONAL INFLUENCE & VISUAL MERCHANDISING EFFECTS: SHOPPING MALLS

    Ranjan Upadhyaya

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The research empirically examines the impact of emotional influence in evaluation and purchase decision with special reference to goods sold in shopping malls. Various factors which influence the consumer decision, such as ease offered by retailer to customers in defining, selecting and purchasing the product, brand value, utility of the product, reference group, value for money, advertising and its appeal etc are being critically analyzed and its impact is being empirically assessed. Apart from all the factors, emotion play a critical role in consumer decisionmaking and it strongly influence the consumer’s choices. Very little efforts have been done in the past in order to understand the source of emotional arousal in purchase decision. Emotions are subject to change and it is subjective in nature. Emotions silently and unconsciously drive the consumer’s decision at the destiny, where customers intend to go. Emotions are not necessarily permanent and it varies from customer to customer and even for the same customer, it is different, in different situation, so in order to be successful in this hyper competitive business era, organizations need to leverage emotions for business success, for better brand value, customer satisfaction and employee management

  8. COMMERCIAL INDICATORS USED IN THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE SHOPPING MALL MANAGEMENT AND RETAIL TENANTS MANAGEMENT

    Prada Sorin

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The shopping malls intended for retail commerce have at the base a complex dynamic, a tridimensional character, which includes as main parties the owners, the tenants and the consumers, who have to become constant clients of the tenants’ shops in order the process to function. The complexity mark results from the additional requirements related to the presence of the appropriate variety of tenants (or shopkeepers, who can attract in an efective way enough consumers in order to sustain the business plan. The retail dynamic imposes the cooperation between the owner and the shopkeeper, in order to achieve success, with the third party, the consumers. Usually, the shopping mall management is formed for satisfying the demands stated by the third party. From a broader perspective, the paper proposes to offer solutions for the researchers and the organizations involved in a segment very well delimited from the retail field, respectively shopping malls. The paper has a practical character because wants to offer argumentatively economical explanations in order to take decisions by the people who represent the shopkeepers from the shopping malls. Exactly, the paper has as main objectives offering the solutions for shopkeepers when they determine the measure of the trader’s markups, of the rebates and discounts or the stocks volume. The research has as support general economical indicators (trader’s markups, stocks rotation and indicators specific to retail management (the start-up margin, the constant margin, the gross margin, the percentage rebate etc.. The problems related to the trader’s markups, the rebates, the discounts, the volume and the stocks rotation which the tenants of a shopping mall have to confront need to be known not only by them, but also by the manager of that shopping mall. The manager of the shopping mall has to understand aspects related to the stocks rotation, but also those related to the level of the

  9. Living on the mall : patterning and place making in the case study of Nouvelle

    Gillies-Smith, S.; Ring, H. [Martha Schwartz, Inc., Cambridge, MA (United States)

    2007-07-01

    One of the largest habitable green roofs in the New England area was designed by Martha Schwartz Inc. The green roof spans 1.5 acres of mall rooftop that will be accessible by two connected condominium towers. A condominium complex associated with the expansion of the Natick Mall entitled Nouvelle, offers a new type of housing, in which a private, residential apartment complex adjoins a suburban, upscale indoor shopping mall. There are many new opportunities to use the expansive area of the mall complex roof to function as a productive, multi-use, shared private park. As an art-based landscape architectural practice, the office has adapted bold and graphic qualities as a model for its green roof design. The Nouvelle green roof offers dynamic circulation, enjoyable social space and recreation, intersecting a continuous coverage of patterned sedum and river stone that spans an entire roofscape. The green roof demonstrates an innovative combination of intensive and extensive plantings that create a system of legible and visually pleasing patterning from above. This case study addressed these innovations and implementation challenges within the context of mall architecture and green roof technologies. In addition, it also identified the social uses of roof spaces, and the aesthetics and sustainability of patterning in intensive and extensive planting design.

  10. A Periphery Becomes a Center? Shopping Malls as Symbols of Modernity in Iraqi Kurdistan

    Schluwa Sama

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Being labelled and framed as a remote periphery of Iraq, the Kurdistan Region of Iraq is transforming since 2003 into a center attracting investments worth billions of dollars. Investigating this transformation, I scrutinize one of the visible outcomes of the investments, namely shop- ping malls, as examples and symbols of “modernity” and “progress.” The recently built shopping malls are thereby analyzed as the built materialization and symbols of neoliberal transformation and socio-economic change. Engaging with representatives of shopping malls as well as with the experiences of young female shopping-mall-goers, it will be illustrated how modernity and progress is framed within the Kurdish nationalist narrative and how this is taken up by young Kurdish female mall-goers. Thus, it will be contended that a historical narrative of past sufferings comes to legitimize the new liberal “freedoms” that are available through the full connection to and participation of Iraqi Kurdistan in the capitalist economic world system.

  11. The Impact of Utilising Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL on Vocabulary Acquisition among Migrant Women English Learners

    Kham Sila Ahmad

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim/Purpose: To develop a framework for utilizing Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL to assist non-native English migrant women to acquire English vocabulary in a non-formal learning setting. Background: The women in this study migrated to Australia with varied backgrounds including voluntary or forced migration, very low to high levels of their first language (L1, low proficiency in English, and isolated fulltime stay-at-home mothers. Methodology: A case study method using semi-structured interviews and observations was used. Six migrant women learners attended a minimum of five non-MALL sessions and three participants continued on and attended a minimum of five MALL sessions. Participants were interviewed pre- and post-sessions. Data were analysed thematically. Contribution: The MALL framework is capable of enriching migrant women’s learning experience and vocabulary acquisition. Findings: Vocabulary acquisition occurred in women from both non-MALL and MALL environment; however, the MALL environment provided significantly enriched vocabulary learning experience. Future Research: A standardised approach to measure the effectiveness of MALL for vocabulary acquisition among migrant women in non-formal setting

  12. Media Usage and Consumption Practice in Shopping Malls Among Female Youth in Modern Thai Society

    Kangwan Fongkaew

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the data derived from the longitudinal ethnographic study on media useage and consumption practice in shopping malls as everyday life practices among female youth in a modern society of Chiang Mai, Northern Thailand, which contributed to their distinctive sexual identity construction and expression. Applying Bourdieu’s theory of cultural capital and Friske’s idea on tactical practice, this paper revealed that the various tactics female youth employed in shopping malls were to express their distinctions from other youth groups belonged to lower classes, as well as to negotiate mechanisms of dominant school and state controls that aimed to regulate their sexual and cultural practices. Female youth in modern society were not only proper “consumers” but also “users” of shopping malls in modern Thai society. Their media usage and consumption practice sought to send the messages that they were the creators of their own selves.

  13. Creating an inclusive mall environment with the PRECEDE-PROCEED model: a living lab case study.

    Ahmed, Sara; Swaine, Bonnie; Milot, Marc; Gaudet, Caroline; Poldma, Tiiu; Bartlett, Gillian; Mazer, Barbara; Le Dorze, Guylaine; Barbic, Skye; Rodriguez, Ana Maria; Lefebvre, Hélène; Archambault, Philippe; Kairy, Dahlia; Fung, Joyce; Labbé, Delphine; Lamontagne, Anouk; Kehayia, Eva

    2017-10-01

    Although public environments provide opportunities for participation and social inclusion, they are not always inclusive spaces and may not accommodate the wide diversity of people. The Rehabilitation Living Lab in the Mall is a unique, interdisciplinary, and multi-sectoral research project with an aim to transform a shopping complex in Montreal, Canada, into an inclusive environment optimizing the participation and social inclusion of all people. The PRECEDE-PROCEDE Model (PPM), a community-oriented and participatory planning model, was applied as a framework. The PPM is comprised of nine steps divided between planning, implementation, and evaluation. The PPM is well suited as a framework for the development of an inclusive mall. Its ecological approach considers the environment, as well as the social and individual factors relating to mall users' needs and expectations. Transforming a mall to be more inclusive is a complex process involving many stakeholders. The PPM allows the synthesis of several sources of information, as well as the identification and prioritization of key issues to address. The PPM also helps to frame and drive the implementation and evaluate the components of the project. This knowledge can help others interested in using the PPM to create similar enabling and inclusive environments world-wide. Implication for rehabilitation While public environments provide opportunities for participation and social inclusion, they are not always inclusive spaces and may not accommodate the wide diversity of people. The PRECEDE PROCEDE Model (PPM) is well suited as a framework for the development, implementation, and evaluation of an inclusive mall. Environmental barriers can negatively impact the rehabilitation process by impeding the restoration and augmentation of function. Removing barriers to social participation and independent living by improving inclusivity in the mall and other environments positively impacts the lives of people with disabilities.

  14. Impact of Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) on EFL: A Meta-Analysis

    Taj, Imtiaz Hassan; Sulan, Norrihan Binti; Sipra, Muhammad Aslam; Ahmad, Waqar

    2016-01-01

    Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) has emerged as a potential tool in the instruction of English as a foreign language (EFL). Meta-analysis of 13 studies published between year 2008 and 2015 was conducted. Four point criteria for the selection of studies for analysis is based on the year of publication, quasi-experimental design, pretest and…

  15. Pala kooli direktor Malle Weinrauch muretseb maakoolide tuleviku pärast / Eva Klaas

    Klaas, Eva

    2003-01-01

    Konkursi "Eestimaa kauneim kool" tiitli võitnud Anna Haava nimelisest Pala koolist. Kooli direktor Malle Weinrauch'i sõnul oli president Arnold Rüütli külaskäik suursündmus nii kooli õpetajatele kui õpilastele

  16. MALL Technology: Use of Academic Podcasting in the Foreign Language Classroom

    Abdous, M'hammed; Camarena, Margaret M.; Facer, Betty Rose

    2009-01-01

    Integrating Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) technology (personal multimedia players, cell phones, and handheld devices) into the foreign language curriculum is becoming commonplace in many secondary and higher education institutions. Current research has identified both pedagogically sound applications and important benefits to students.…

  17. Kohvik Milleenium. Tallinn, Raekoja plats 10 / Malle Jürgenson, Krista Lepland, Tea Tammelaan

    Jürgenson, Malle, 1961-

    1998-01-01

    Sisekujundus : Laika, Belka & Strelka OÜ. Autorid Malle Jürgenson, Krista Lepland, Tea Tammelaan. Ehitus : Vindento OÜ. Keraamilised skulptuurid : OÜ Asuurkeraamika ; autorid Urmas Puhkan, Külli Kõiv, Kärt Seppel, Kadri Pärnamets, Aigi Orav. Valgustid ja nagid : Steel Line Ldt. Mööblitarnijad : Saloni AS, Inspira AS. Valmis 1988.

  18. Design and Implementation of BusinessApp, a MALL Application to Make Successful Business Presentations

    Calle-Martínez, Cristina; Yanes, Lourdes Pomposo; Pareja-Lora, Antonio

    2016-01-01

    Little by little, (or, simply, MALL) is taking force in the field of education, as it supports language blended learning and language learning ubiquity. The study presented here belongs in the Social Ontology-based Cognitively Augmented Language Learning Mobile Environment (SO-CALL-ME) research project, whose final aim is to design and create…

  19. Prevalence and construct validity of compulsive buying disorder in shopping mall visitors

    Maraz, Aniko; van den Brink, Wim; Demetrovics, Zsolt

    2015-01-01

    Compulsive buying is a relatively new psychopathological concept and very few data are currently available regarding the prevalence and validity of compulsive buying disorder. In this cross-sectional study, we establish the prevalence of compulsive buying disorder in shopping mall visitors and

  20. Automatic detection of suspicious behavior of pickpockets with track-based features in a shopping mall

    Bouma, H.; Baan, J.; Burghouts, G.J.; Eendebak, P.T.; Huis, J.R. van; Dijk, J.; Rest, J.H.C. van

    2014-01-01

    Proactive detection of incidents is required to decrease the cost of security incidents. This paper focusses on the automatic early detection of suspicious behavior of pickpockets with track-based features in a crowded shopping mall. Our method consists of several steps: pedestrian tracking, feature

  1. Pedestrian Choice Behavior at Shopping Mall Intersections in China and the United States

    Bitgood, Stephen; Davey, Gareth; Huang, Xiaoyi; Fung, Holly

    2013-01-01

    Pedestrian navigation through public spaces reflects the nature of interaction between behavior and environment. This study compared pedestrian choice behavior at shopping mall intersections in China and the United States. The study found that in both countries (a) pedestrians chose movement patterns that involved the fewest steps and (b) there…

  2. The Effect of MALL-Based Tasks on EFL Learners' Grammar Learning

    Khodabandeh, Farzaneh; Alian, Jalal ed-din; Soleimani, Hassan

    2017-01-01

    Many studies have confirmed the importance of tasks on language learning. Nowadays, many teachers apply different kinds of tasks in their classrooms. The current study investigated the effect of mobile assisted language learning tasks (MALL) on participants' English grammar learning. The researcher administered a pre-validated grammar test to 90…

  3. Kas koerakoonlased olid sõjaröövlid? / Mall Hiiemäe

    Hiiemäe, Mall, 1937-

    1998-01-01

    Koerakoonlastest ja peninukkidest eesti rahvapärimuses ning Vene-Türgi sõja (1877-1878) panusest vastavate müütide tekkimisele. Vt. ka: Hiiemäe, Mall. Sõnajalg jaaniööl. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2007, lk. 113-123

  4. Maa-alused ja mailase rada / Mall Hiiemäe

    Hiiemäe, Mall, 1937-

    2003-01-01

    Maa-aluse ja mailase mõistetega seotud uskumustest ja rahvapärimusest haiguste, surma ning tervenemisega seoses. Vt. ka kogumik: Hiiemäe, Mall. Sõnajalg jaaniööl. Tartu : Ilmamaa, 2007, lk. 398-413

  5. Concierge or Information Desk: Teaching Social Stratification through the Malling of America.

    Manning, Robert D.; Price, Derek V.; Rich, Henry J.

    1997-01-01

    Describes an undergraduate sociology project in which students conducted research at working class and upper-middle class shopping malls. The research focused on social stratification and its manifestation in architectural character, spatial relationships, advertising, and consumer behavior. Includes an appendix that reproduces the fieldwork…

  6. The Shopping Mall High School. Winners and Losers in the Educational Marketplace.

    Powell, Arthur G.; And Others

    1985-01-01

    High schools seek to maximize student holding power providing something for everybody. This shopping mall concept produces schools in which variety, choice, and neutrality are counterproductive for some individuals. To counteract this effect schools need to take risks through greater commitment to individual student development and to higher…

  7. Downtown Study Centre: An Open-Ended ABE Program in an Urban Shopping Mall

    Harrison, David

    1976-01-01

    Describes an adult basic education facility after one year of operation in an urban shopping mall in Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada. The center is an informal open-ended classroom and advising center where part-time adult learners study an individualized curriculum. Summarizes the major findings of a program evaluation. (EM)

  8. Shopping for Jobs: Mall Internship Program Opens Doors for HVAC Students.

    Nolot, Terry

    1995-01-01

    Ivy Tech State College uses River Falls, a shopping mall, as an enormous heating, ventilation, and air conditioning laboratory. Students spend Saturdays working with full-time technicians getting invaluable training and experience. Students see the program as a professional opportunity and a direct route to jobs. (JOW)

  9. The delivery of medical services in a retail shopping mall: a strategy for growth.

    Hayden, K R

    1989-01-01

    The successful medical practice of the future will continually search for growth strategies. This writer believes the location of a primary care medical clinic in a retail shopping mall, with a full menu of primary services, is one strategy for growth. It is an effective method of health care delivery to a community.

  10. Special aspects for forming the interiors of thai shopping malls through the use of the biological approach

    Kuznetsova, Iryna O.; Rosliakova, Ljubov V.; Zakharchuk, Viktorija L.; Samosudova, Natalia

    2017-10-01

    This study reviews the biological approach to Thai shopping mall’s interior design planning. The authors defined the principles of the mall’s design optimization in Thailand on the basis of the imitation of biological samples at constructive, art-compositional, organizational and ecological levels. The analysis of forming the shopping malls interiors and space-planning solutions is based on the imitation of eight basic levels of organization of living things: molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organisms, populations, ecosystem and biosphere. The examples of the direct and implicit application of biological analogues were demonstrated in the architecture and design of Thai shopping malls. In the study, the shopping mall is regarded as an open self-sufficient system with a high level of autonomy and a fortified structural organization that includes various functional components. On the basis of the analysis of existing Thai shopping malls, a list of the basic requirements for the design of the malls was compiled. This corresponds to the needs and desires of the modern customer and ensures the competitiveness of the establishment. The phenomenon of multisensory design approach that enhances the psychophysical comfort of the shopping mall visitors is described. Socio-cultural and geographical factors were identified which determine the development of biodesign in Thailand. The article reveals the potential for a combination of biology and design to enhance the aesthetics, ergonomics and efficiency of the shopping malls. The prospects within the development of this field and the possibility of applying the solutions in practice were explored.

  11. Rehabilitation strategies enhancing participation in shopping malls for persons living with a disability.

    Alary Gauvreau, Christine; Kairy, Dahlia; Mazer, Barbara; Guindon, Andréanne; Le Dorze, Guylaine

    2018-04-01

    After rehabilitation, it is not clear the extent to which persons living with a disability return to their former activities in the community, such as going to shopping malls. Rehabilitation professionals are faced with the challenge to adequately prepare their clients to resume community participation. The purpose of this study was to identify rehabilitation strategies aimed at preparing clients to engage in activities in shopping malls. Twenty-two participants including 16 rehabilitation clinicians and 6 persons living with a disability participated in four nominal group sessions. Participants were questioned on current or potential rehabilitation strategies carried out to enhance participation in shopping malls for persons living with a disability. Discussions were audio-recorded and qualitative content analysis was conducted. Participants mentioned strategies that were either carried out by the clinician, or in collaboration with other parties. The latter type of strategies was either carried out with the collaboration of the client, the interdisciplinary team, the relatives, or community organizations. Rehabilitation clinicians have a role to play in preparing persons living with a disability to resume activities in a shopping mall. Additionally, therapeutic interventions in community settings may enhance the participation of rehabilitation clients in their everyday activities. Implications for rehabilitation Many strategies are currently used in rehabilitation to prepare persons living with a disability to resume shopping activities. Clinicians could implement shopping-oriented rehabilitation strategies with the client and/or with other rehabilitation partners. Involving clients in activities related to shopping might enhance their participation in shopping malls after rehabilitation. Rehabilitation clinicians can be facilitators for people living with a disability to reach optimal participation.

  12. Desde la vergüenza y la humillación hacia una pedagogía del reconocimiento y la dignidad humana

    Stephan Marks

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available La vergüenza es un sentimiento universal, todos los seres humanos la conocen, − aunque tiene manifestaciones diferentes dependiendo de la cultura a la que se pertenece y según sí se es hombre o mujer. La vergüenza es un sentimiento “casero“ y torturador, que difícilmente se puede describir con palabras. Está íntimamente ligada a reacciones corporales como el sonrojo. Cuando nos avergonzamos nos sentimos como atropellados. Perdemos, por lo menos temporalmente, la serenidad y el autocontrol.

  13. ANALISIS POSITIONING RESTORAN CEPAT SAJI WARALABA FRIED CHICKEN DI BANJARMASIN BERDASARKAN PERSEPSI KONSUMEN (Studi Pada KFC Duta Mall, Texas Fried Chicken Duta Mall,AW Duta Mall Dan California Fried Chicken Rs Ulin Banjarmasin)

    Prihatini Ade Mayvita; Ikhwan Faisal

    2016-01-01

    During  the  last  14  years,  the  growth  rate  of  fried  chicken  franchise  with  the concept of fast food restaurants in Banjarmasin is 12% per year. It is characterized by large number of outlets/stores of fried chicken franchise in Banjarmasin city as many as 10 outlets. Most of the existing outlets are in Duta Mall Banjarmasin.  This study aims to identify and analyze the competitive position of fried-chicken fast-food franchise restaurants based on the consumers’ perceptions (St...

  14. In the Growing Information Mall, Some Things Never Change

    Hailley Fargo

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available A Review of: Fidel, R., Davies, R. K., Douglass, M. H., Holder, J. K., Hopkins, C. J., Kushner, E. J.,…. Toney, C. D. (1999. A visit to the information mall: Web searching behavior of high school students. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 50(1, 24-37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI1097-4571(199950:13.0.CO;2-W Abstract Objective – The research study aimed to discover high school students’ information searching behaviour on the Web and suggest Web changes that would benefit student learning. This study was conducted in 1999, seven years after the Internet was publicly available and on the cusp of Web 2.0. Design – Field study with class observations, students thinking aloud at their terminals, and interviews with the students after their searching. The study’s duration was three class searching sessions. Setting – West Seattle High School in Seattle, Washington. This school had a diverse population of students, with 50% students of color and many of these students first generation to finish high school. Due to a grant from Microsoft, West Seattle had operational four computer labs. Subjects – Eleventh and twelfth graders in a horticulture class. There were eight student participants, six males and two females. Five of these students were in 12th grade and three were in 11th grade. The teacher for this class, the school librarian, and the principal of West Seattle High School were also interviewed for this project. Methods – Qualitative, case-study method was used with controlled comparison. Team members observed the students while they searched and wrote down descriptions of the students’ searching methods. After the three observation sessions and interviews with the students, team members wrote up a case study for each student. The students’ think-aloud audio, along with all the interviews conducted, were recorded. This type of method can be considered an early version of usability testing and user

  15. “Mall”-deando la ciudad: 24 años de territorialización de los malls en Costa Rica

    Andrés Jiménez Corrales

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available La territorialización de los malls en Costa Rica inicia en el año 1993 con la inauguración de Multiplaza Escazú, en la Gran Área Metropolitana de Costa Rica. De este año al año 2017 se contabiliza un total de 14 malls. En este artículo se hará un recorrido sobre las principales características que tienen los malls; se caracterizará la llegada del primer mall al país y se desarrollará un análisis de la evolución espacio-temporal que han tenido estas infraestructuras en la GAM. Por último, se hace un repaso de algunos de los reclamos y respuestas ciudadanas que se han dado ante la construcción de un mall. The territorialisation of malls in Costa Rica began in 1993 with the inauguration of Multiplaza Escazú in the Greater Metropolitan Area of Costa Rica. From 1993 to 2017 a total of 14 malls were built. In this article, a route across the main characteristics of malls is made; the arrival of the first mall to the country is characterized and an analysis of the space-time evolution that these infrastructures have had in the GAM is developed. Finally some of the complaints and citizen responses that have been given to the construction of a mall are reviewed.

  16. The influence of customer based brand ekvity on customer responses – the newly opened West Hill Mall in Ghana

    Amegbe Hayford

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The interest of this study is to understand customer based brand equity and its effect on consumers’ willingness to pay price premiums, consumers’ attitude towards brand preference and purchase intention at the newly open West Hills Mall in Ghana. The data for the study was collected from 400 customers who went to shop at the West Hills Mall. Using a confirmatory factor analysis and path analyses it was found out that brand preference and purchase intension is significantly related to band equity. However, consumers’ willingness to pay price premiums is not significantly related to brand equity. Possible future research could look at involving customers from more than one shopping Mall in the country because of the cultural differences in customer preference. Also, performance measurement and financial performance could by studied to help marketing managers and marketing planners to know the importance of brand equity in running shopping Malls.

  17. Mida arvavad koolist õppejõud väljastpoolt akadeemiat? / Tiiu Reimo, Kaie Holm, Malle Ermel, Tiiu Valm

    2012-01-01

    TLÜ Infoteaduste Instituudi direktori Tiiu Reimo, Tallinna Keskraamatukogu direktori Kaie Holmi, Tartu Ülikooli Raamatukogu direktori kt Malle Ermeli ja kirjastuse TEA toimetuse juhataja Tiiu Valmi arvamused infoteaduse ja raamatukogunduse alase õppe korraldusest Viljandi Kultuuriakadeemias

  18. VisitSense: Sensing Place Visit Patterns from Ambient Radio on Smartphones for Targeted Mobile Ads in Shopping Malls

    Byoungjip Kim

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we introduce a novel smartphone framework called VisitSense that automatically detects and predicts a smartphone user’s place visits from ambient radio to enable behavioral targeting for mobile ads in large shopping malls. VisitSense enables mobile app developers to adopt visit-pattern-aware mobile advertising for shopping mall visitors in their apps. It also benefits mobile users by allowing them to receive highly relevant mobile ads that are aware of their place visit patterns in shopping malls. To achieve the goal, VisitSense employs accurate visit detection and prediction methods. For accurate visit detection, we develop a change-based detection method to take into consideration the stability change of ambient radio and the mobility change of users. It performs well in large shopping malls where ambient radio is quite noisy and causes existing algorithms to easily fail. In addition, we proposed a causality-based visit prediction model to capture the causality in the sequential visit patterns for effective prediction. We have developed a VisitSense prototype system, and a visit-pattern-aware mobile advertising application that is based on it. Furthermore, we deploy the system in the COEX Mall, one of the largest shopping malls in Korea, and conduct diverse experiments to show the effectiveness of VisitSense.

  19. VisitSense: Sensing Place Visit Patterns from Ambient Radio on Smartphones for Targeted Mobile Ads in Shopping Malls.

    Kim, Byoungjip; Kang, Seungwoo; Ha, Jin-Young; Song, Junehwa

    2015-07-16

    In this paper, we introduce a novel smartphone framework called VisitSense that automatically detects and predicts a smartphone user's place visits from ambient radio to enable behavioral targeting for mobile ads in large shopping malls. VisitSense enables mobile app developers to adopt visit-pattern-aware mobile advertising for shopping mall visitors in their apps. It also benefits mobile users by allowing them to receive highly relevant mobile ads that are aware of their place visit patterns in shopping malls. To achieve the goal, VisitSense employs accurate visit detection and prediction methods. For accurate visit detection, we develop a change-based detection method to take into consideration the stability change of ambient radio and the mobility change of users. It performs well in large shopping malls where ambient radio is quite noisy and causes existing algorithms to easily fail. In addition, we proposed a causality-based visit prediction model to capture the causality in the sequential visit patterns for effective prediction. We have developed a VisitSense prototype system, and a visit-pattern-aware mobile advertising application that is based on it. Furthermore, we deploy the system in the COEX Mall, one of the largest shopping malls in Korea, and conduct diverse experiments to show the effectiveness of VisitSense.

  20. VisitSense: Sensing Place Visit Patterns from Ambient Radio on Smartphones for Targeted Mobile Ads in Shopping Malls

    Kim, Byoungjip; Kang, Seungwoo; Ha, Jin-Young; Song, Junehwa

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce a novel smartphone framework called VisitSense that automatically detects and predicts a smartphone user’s place visits from ambient radio to enable behavioral targeting for mobile ads in large shopping malls. VisitSense enables mobile app developers to adopt visit-pattern-aware mobile advertising for shopping mall visitors in their apps. It also benefits mobile users by allowing them to receive highly relevant mobile ads that are aware of their place visit patterns in shopping malls. To achieve the goal, VisitSense employs accurate visit detection and prediction methods. For accurate visit detection, we develop a change-based detection method to take into consideration the stability change of ambient radio and the mobility change of users. It performs well in large shopping malls where ambient radio is quite noisy and causes existing algorithms to easily fail. In addition, we proposed a causality-based visit prediction model to capture the causality in the sequential visit patterns for effective prediction. We have developed a VisitSense prototype system, and a visit-pattern-aware mobile advertising application that is based on it. Furthermore, we deploy the system in the COEX Mall, one of the largest shopping malls in Korea, and conduct diverse experiments to show the effectiveness of VisitSense. PMID:26193275

  1. Safe, Affordable, Convenient: Environmental Features of Malls and Other Public Spaces Used by Older Adults for Walking.

    King, Diane K; Allen, Peg; Jones, Dina L; Marquez, David X; Brown, David R; Rosenberg, Dori; Janicek, Sarah; Allen, Laila; Belza, Basia

    2016-03-01

    Midlife and older adults use shopping malls for walking, but little research has examined mall characteristics that contribute to their walkability. We used modified versions of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-Healthy Aging Research Network (HAN) Environmental Audit and the System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) tool to systematically observe 443 walkers in 10 shopping malls. We also observed 87 walkers in 6 community-based nonmall/nongym venues where older adults routinely walked for physical activity. All venues had public transit stops and accessible parking. All malls and 67% of nonmalls had wayfinding aids, and most venues (81%) had an established circuitous walking route and clean, well-maintained public restrooms (94%). All venues had level floor surfaces, and one-half had benches along the walking route. Venues varied in hours of access, programming, tripping hazards, traffic control near entrances, and lighting. Despite diversity in location, size, and purpose, the mall and nonmall venues audited shared numerous environmental features known to promote walking in older adults and few barriers to walking. Future research should consider programmatic features and outreach strategies to expand the use of malls and other suitable public spaces for walking.

  2. Safe, Affordable, Convenient: Environmental Features of Malls and Other Public Spaces Used by Older Adults for Walking

    King, Diane K.; Allen, Peg; Jones, Dina L.; Marquez, David X.; Brown, David R.; Rosenberg, Dori; Janicek, Sarah; Allen, Laila; Belza, Basia

    2016-01-01

    Background Midlife and older adults use shopping malls for walking, but little research has examined mall characteristics that contribute to their walkability. Methods We used modified versions of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)-Healthy Aging Research Network (HAN) Environmental Audit and the System for Observing Play and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC) tool to systematically observe 443 walkers in 10 shopping malls. We also observed 87 walkers in 6 community-based nonmall/nongym venues where older adults routinely walked for physical activity. Results All venues had public transit stops and accessible parking. All malls and 67% of nonmalls had wayfinding aids, and most venues (81%) had an established circuitous walking route and clean, well-maintained public restrooms (94%). All venues had level floor surfaces, and one-half had benches along the walking route. Venues varied in hours of access, programming, tripping hazards, traffic control near entrances, and lighting. Conclusions Despite diversity in location, size, and purpose, the mall and nonmall venues audited shared numerous environmental features known to promote walking in older adults and few barriers to walking. Future research should consider programmatic features and outreach strategies to expand the use of malls and other suitable public spaces for walking. PMID:26181907

  3. Word of Mouth Intention toward Entrepreneurial Restaurant in Shopping Mall Center Surabaya

    Liza Agustina Maureen Nelloh

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A shopping mall center as the strategic place to earn profits attracts young entrepreneurs to create new restaurants as their businesses in Surabaya nowadays. This research proposed to see the effectiveness of building a new venture in the shopping mall through a test of word of mouth intention with its antecedents (customer satisfaction, perceived price, service quality, and food quality. To test the hypothesis, the researchers used PLS (Partial Least Square. The result of this research indicated that only perceived price and service quality have significant and positive effect on customer satisfaction, thus food quality had no significant effect on customer satisfaction. Moreover, customer satisfaction had significant and positive effect on word of mouth intention toward the restaurant. Managerial implications of this study will encourage young entrepreneurs to increase the menu, the taste and the variation of the food to improve food quality of his or her new restaurants in a shopping mail center.

  4. Shopping Mall: Konsumtempel oder neuer ‚Frauenraum‘ im Zentrum der Stadt?

    Stephanie Bock

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Die in den USA entstandene Shopping Mall ist aus den europäischen Stadtzentren nicht mehr wegzudenken. Kerstin Dörhöfer geht in ihrem Buch an ausgewählten Berliner Beispielen der Frage nach der Wirkung dieser vermeintlich homogenen baulichen ‚Monolithen‘ auf urbane Kultur und vor allem auf die Geschlechterverhältnisse nach. Die allmähliche Eroberung der Innenstädte durch die Shopping Mall ist – so das Fazit der lesenswerten Arbeit – kein Ausdruck einer verstärkten Teilhabe von Frauen am städtischen Leben. Vielmehr konterkariert der neue Innenraum im öffentlichen Stadtraum die mit Urbanität verbundene Vorstellung einer Aneignung städtischen Raums.

  5. PERSPECTIVE: On the verge of dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system?

    Kriegler, Elmar

    2007-03-01

    The recent publication of the summary for policy makers by Working Group I of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) [1] has injected a renewed sense of urgency to address climate change. It is therefore timely to review the notion of preventing 'dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system' as put forward in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The article by Danny Harvey in this issue [2] offers a fresh perspective by rephrasing the concept of 'dangerous interference' as a problem of risk assessment. As Harvey points out, identification of 'dangerous interference' does not require us to know with certainty that future climate change will be dangerous—an impossible task given that our knowledge about future climate change includes uncertainty. Rather, it requires the assertion that interference would lead to a significant probability of dangerous climate change beyond some risk tolerance, and therefore would pose an unacceptable risk. In his article [2], Harvey puts this idea into operation by presenting a back-of-the-envelope calculation to identify allowable CO2 concentrations under uncertainty about climate sensitivity to anthropogenic forcing and the location of a temperature threshold beyond which dangerous climate change will occur. Conditional on his assumptions, Harvey delivers an interesting result. With the current atmospheric CO2 concentration exceeding 380 ppm, a forcing contribution from other greenhouse gases adding an approximate 100 110 ppm CO2 equivalent on top of it, and a global dimming effect of aerosols that roughly compensates for this contribution (albeit still subject to considerable uncertainty) ([1], figures SPM-1 and 2), we are on the verge of or even committed to dangerous interference with the climate system if we (1) set the risk tolerance for experiencing dangerous climate change to 1% and (2) allocate at least 5% probability to the belief that climate sensitivity is 4

  6. Unsur-Unsur Bauran Pemasaran sebagai Prediktor Ekuitas Merek pada Produk Sepatu di Mall Sumarecon Tangerang

    Puspitowati, Ida

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this research is to find out the relationships of marketing mix elements to thecreation of brand equity. The marketing mix elements, such as: price, store image, distribution intensity,high advertaising and frequent price promotions, Based on 200 respondent responses to the store brandsAdidas in Sumarecon Mall Tangerang. Single and multiple regression using by SPSS version 16 are needto test the hypothesis. By parsial regression,the result obtained revealed that the price, st...

  7. Pengaruh Strategi Diferensiasi terhadap Keunggulan Bersaing Ritel Modern (Kasus Hypermart Mall Ska Pekanbaru)

    ", Kasmiruddin; Fadilla, Nanda

    2015-01-01

    Competition is a condition that can not be avoided by any company in its business. Fierce competition in industry will lead to any utilizing all resources to create a strong competitive advantage. One source of profits that can be optimized by the company to improve competitiveness is through the implementation of differentiation strategy. This study aimed to analyze the effect of the differentiation strategy on competitive advantage in the SKA Mall Hypermart Pekanbaru. The data used is prima...

  8. Automatic detection of suspicious behavior of pickpockets with track-based features in a shopping mall

    Bouma, H.; Baan, J.; Burghouts, G.J.; Eendebak, P.T.; Huis, J.R. van; Dijk, J.; Rest, J.H.C. van

    2014-01-01

    Proactive detection of incidents is required to decrease the cost of security incidents. This paper focusses on the automatic early detection of suspicious behavior of pickpockets with track-based features in a crowded shopping mall. Our method consists of several steps: pedestrian tracking, feature computation and pickpocket recognition. This is challenging because the environment is crowded, people move freely through areas which cannot be covered by a single camera, because the actual snat...

  9. "it"s like a Museum here" the shopping mall as public space. Summary

    Zhelnina, Anna

    2011-01-01

    The emergence of large shopping malls and shopping and entertainment complexes in St. Petersburg, as in many other Russian cities, was a hallmark of the early 2000s. The existing literature describes shopping centers as an example of the new consumer culture in changing post-socialist societies. This article treats them as public spaces and an arena for processes of social differentiation, social exclusion, and formation of new identities. Drawing on evidence from a qualitative study conducte...

  10. Analisis Film Horor Indonesia Produksi Tahun 2014 (Studi Kasus: Mall Klender dan Kamar 207

    Dedi Sukatno Sembiring Meliala

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Film horor erat kaitannya dengan tokoh antagonis yang menimbulkan ketakutan pada penonton dalam bentuk makhluk supranatural seperti hantu, roh jahat dan sebagainya. Karakteristik film dengan genre horor membuat penonton terbawa suasana dengan alur ceritanya yang menakutkan. Namun, beberapa dari film horor Indonesia menyajikan adegan-adegan yang kurang sopan bahkan tergolong asusila atau porno. Untuk itu, penelitian ini ingin melihat apakah terdapat konten pornografi pada film Mall Klender dan Kamar 207 yang merupakan film horor Indonesia terlaris di tahun 2014. Analisis dilakukan dengan melihat pandangan dan penilaian 30 responden dengan karakteristik yaitu penonton film horor Indonesia yang berusia 20-40 tahun. Berdasarkan hasil analisis, tidak didapatkan konten pornografi pada film Mall Klender dan Kamar 207. Adegan-adegan yang terindikasi sebagai konten pornografi ternyata masih dapat diterima oleh penonton sebagai adegan yang berada dalam batas kewajaran dan mendukung pembawaan suasana dan kesan dalam cerita yang disampaikan. Kata Kunci: film horror Indonesia, analisis konten, pornografi Abstract The horror film is closely related to the antagonist that causes fear for audience in the form of supernatural creatures such as ghosts, demons and so on. Characteristic of the horor film is to make the audience carried away with the scary plot. However, some of the existing Indonesian horror film presents scenes that classified as obscene or pornographic. Therefore, this study wanted to see if there are any pornographic content on the film Klender Mall and Room 207 is the best-selling Indonesian horror movie in 2014. The analysis was done by looking at the view and assessment of 30 respondents which are Indonesian horror movie goers aged 20-40 years. Based on the analysis, there is no founding of pornographic content on the film Klender Mall and Room 207. The scenes that indicated as pornographic content was still acceptable by the audience

  11. On The Fabrication of Cultural Memory: History Theme Malls in Dubai

    John Biln

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Dubai, one of the most mobile cities in the world, is rapidly cementing its image as a global city and icon of Islamic tolerance. Dubai’s economic opportunities, relative safety and geographic centrality in the heart of the Middle East make it attractive to a wide range of economic and political migrants from across the region. This article asks how a city which is overwhelmingly populated by members of a highly mobile and diverse non-citizen workforce could construct a plausible sense of collective memory, a fundamental requirement for any meaningful social cohesion. In considering this question, the article reviews two well-known history-themed commercial centers, Ibn Batutta Mall and the Khan Murjan in Wafi Mall. Each of these emphasize Arab-Islamic cultural heritage and the region’s long history of trade and transit. Both malls highlight culturally significant journeys documented in historical manuscripts. The article concludes that in constructing a complex experience which maps immediate spatial movement onto well-known travel narratives, the Ibn Battuta and Khan Murjan centers provide scaffolds for a cultural memory essentially “made to order” for a population who share, if little else, a profound sense of dislocation, flow and perpetual movement.

  12. Prevalence and construct validity of compulsive buying disorder in shopping mall visitors.

    Maraz, Aniko; van den Brink, Wim; Demetrovics, Zsolt

    2015-08-30

    Compulsive buying is a relatively new psychopathological concept and very few data are currently available regarding the prevalence and validity of compulsive buying disorder. In this cross-sectional study, we establish the prevalence of compulsive buying disorder in shopping mall visitors and explore the construct validity of the concept using the revised version of the Edwards Compulsive Buying Scale in 1441 shopping mall visitors looking at shopping habits, current substance use (smoking, alcohol and illicit drug) and various psychological characteristics. Overall, 8.7% (95% CI: 7.3-10.3) of our sample was classified as having a compulsive buying disorder. Compulsive buyers were younger, less educated and more likely to be female than non-compulsive buyers. They were also more likely to have used licit and illicit substances. Compulsive buyers also reported higher levels of impulsivity and obsessive-compulsive symptoms, lower levels of well-being and self-esteem and more psychological distress. Finally, compulsive buyers were five times more likely to meet criteria for borderline personality disorder than non-compulsive buyers. Compulsive buying is a frequent disorder in shopping mall visitors and is associated with important and robust indicators of psychopathology thus supporting the validity of the construct. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Medicinal formulations of a Kanda tribal healer--a tribe on the verge of disappearance in Bangladesh.

    Rahmatullah, Mohammed; Ayman, Umma; Akter, Fatema; Sarker, Mridul; Sifa, Rolee; Sarker, Bijoy; Chyti, Humayra Naj; Jahan, Farhana Israt; Chowdhury, Majeedul H; Chowdhury, Soheli A

    2013-01-01

    The Kanda tribe is one of the lesser known small tribes of Bangladesh with an estimated population of about 1700 people (according to them), and on the verge of extinction as a separate entity. To some extent, they have assimilated with the surrounding mainstream Bengali-speaking population, but they still maintain their cultural practices including traditional medicinal practices, for which they have their own tribal healers. Nothing at all has been documented thus far about their traditional medicinal practices and formulations, which are on the verge of disappearance. The Kanda tribe can be found only in scattered tea gardens of Sreemangal in Sylhet district of Bangladesh; dispersion of the tribe into small separated communities is also contributing to the fast losing of traditional medicinal practices. The objective of the present study was to conduct an ethnomedicinal survey among the traditional healers of the Kanda tribe (in fact, only one such healer was found after extensive searches). Information was collected from the healer with the help of a semi-structured questionnaire and the guided field-walk method. A total of 24 formulations were obtained from the healer containing 34 plants including two plants, which could not be identified. Besides medicinal plants, the Kanda healer also used the body hairs of the Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) and bats (Pteropus giganteus giganteus) in one of his formulation for treatment of fever with shivering. The ailments treated by the Kanda healer were fairly common ailments like cuts and wounds, skin diseases, helminthiasis, fever, respiratory problems (coughs, asthma), gastrointestinal disorders (stomach pain, constipation, diarrhea), burning sensations during urination, various types of pain (headache, body ache, toothache, ear ache), conjunctivitis, poisonous snake, insect or reptile bites, jaundice, and bone fractures. A number of important drugs in allopathic medicine like quinine, artemisinin, and morphine

  14. Den komplexa väven Att organisera för barns övergångar till och från förskoleklass

    Helena Ackesjö

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on how children's transitions to and from preschool classes are organized in different schools. Principal’s arguments for this organization were sought via a web-based survey and analyzed using the frame factor theory in addition to theories of practical sense and the concept of continuity. The results show that children tend to make more transitions between social communities the younger they are. The distribution of the principal’s answers show that the majority of them, because of external conditions, split the preschool groups to new classes in the transition to preschool class. However, the same movements are not indicated in the transition to first grade. The results show how the work of organizing chidren’s transitions represent a complex web of external actual conditions as the number of children and the recruitment area of the school, the internal logics and ideas about what is best for children and best for continued learning as well as the school's own traditions of working with transitions. Föreliggande studie fokuserar på hur barns övergångar till och från förskoleklass organiseras på olika skolor. Via en webbaserad enkät söks skolledares argument för denna organisering. I analysen nyttjas ett ramfaktorteoretiskt tänkande som kompletteras med teorier om praktiskt förnuft samt kontinuitetsbegreppet. Resultaten visar att barn tenderar att göra fler övergångar mellan barngrupper och sociala gemenskaper ju yngre de är. Fördelningen av skolledarnas svar visar att majoriteten, på grund av yttre villkor, delar förskolegrupperna till nya klasser i övergången till förskoleklass. Däremot indikeras inte samma rörlighet i övergången till årskurs 1. Resultaten visar hur arbetet med att organisera övergångarna utgör en komplex väv av yttre faktiska villkor som barnantal och upptagningsområdets storlek, av inre logiker och föreställningar om vad som är det bästa för barnen och det b

  15. Pengaruh Lingkungan Kerja dan Job Insecurity Terhadap Motivasi Kerja dan Dampaknya pada Kinerja Karyawan Outsourcing Mall Lippo Cikarang

    Lim Sanny

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Mal Lippo Cikarang a shopping center that uses outsourcing employees to manager level down. The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of work environment and job insecurity on work motivation and its impact on employee performance Outsourcing in Lippo Cikarang Mall. The method of analysis used in this study are Pearson correlation and path analysis. Data obtained from the assessment of employees through questionnaires and interviews. Results achieved in this study was to determine that the work environment at the Mall Lippo Cikarang less convenient and there is job insecurity on the company and therefore contributes less well on work motivation and employee performance Outsourcing in Lippo Cikarang Mall. Job insecurity has a weak and a significant effect on work motivation and employee performance and work environment has a fairly strong relationship and significant impact on employee motivation and performance. Motivation to work has a strong relationship to the employee's performance. With the company is expected to focus on increasing motivation and improving the working environment at the Mall Lippo Cikarang and member attention on job insecurity. In addition, the expected results of this research can provide input to the Mall Lippo Cikarang so as to improve employee performance Outsourcing as well.

  16. Eesti keele õpik ja töövihik vene õppekeelega gümnaasiumi 11. klassile / Malle Rüütli, Ele Viilipus

    Rüütli, Malle, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Raamatutest: Rüütli, Malle; Viilipus, Ele. Eesti keele õpik vene õppekeelega gümnaasiumi 11. klassile. Rüütli, Malle; Viilipus, Ele. Eesti keele töövihik vene õppekeelega gümnaasiumi 11. klassile

  17. Installation of cooling floors at the ``La Fayette`` shopping mall; Inbetriebnahme des Kuehldeckensystems im ``La Fayette``

    Ostermann, M.; Schulte, M.

    1997-02-01

    The ``La Fayette`` shopping mall on the Friedrichstrasse in central Berlin was inaugurated in February 1996. Apart from the shopping center, the building has 7 upper storeys with offices which are served by a ventilation system and a system of cooling floors. The building and its installations are described in some detail. (orig.) [Deutsch] Das Gebaeude Galerie `La Fayette` entstand im Zentrum Berlins an der Friedrichstrasse und wurde Ende Februar 1996 eroeffnet. Ausserhalb des Kaufhausbereichs dieser Galerie befinden sich in den sieben Obergeschossen Buerobereiche, die durch eine Lueftungsanlage und ein Kuehldeckensystem versorgt werden. Die Anlage wird in diesem Beitrag naeher beschrieben. (orig.)

  18. Influence of Social and Behavioural Characteristics of Users on Their Evaluation of Subjective Loudness and Acoustic Comfort in Shopping Malls

    Meng, Qi; Kang, Jian

    2013-01-01

    A large-scale subjective survey was conducted in six shopping malls in Harbin City, China, to determine the influence of social and behavioural characteristics of users on their evaluation of subjective loudness and acoustic comfort. The analysis of social characteristics shows that evaluation of subjective loudness is influenced by income and occupation, with correlation coefficients or contingency coefficients of 0.10 to 0.40 (pshopping malls more than once a month show higher evaluation of acoustic comfort. On the contrary, the influence of the period of visit and the accompanying persons are found insignificant. PMID:23336003

  19. Building Customers’ Re-Patronage Intention through Service Quality of Community Mall in Bangkok

    Supeecha Panichpathom

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The main goal of the article is to propose a new framework exhibiting relationship between tangible dimension and all other intangible dimensions of SERVQUAL used to analyse the relation to re-patronage intention. Research Design & Methods: Hypothesised relationships were tested on data which was collected in Bangkok area using a survey questionnaire. Final sample consisted of 225 respondents, frequent visitors of community malls. The data was analysed using exploratory factor analysis as well as simple and multiple regression analysis. The six constructs, studied in this paper, were examined for differences in means across all demographic variables by employing analysis of variance or ANOVA. Findings: The results exposed that tangible dimension had significant correlation to reliability, empathy, responsiveness and assurance dimensions consecutively. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that re-patronage intention was explained by empathy, responsiveness and assurance dimensions, not reliability dimension. The ANOVA tests showed no significant differences in means of general data and all other constructs. Implications & Recommendations: To make shoppers to come back to the malls, managers should recognize the important role of tangible items as an antecedent to intangible items. Retail developers could devote more efforts to maximize the attractiveness of tangible elements and identify the weak areas of service quality by examining the multi-item constructs used to measure service quality. Contribution & Value Added: This study proposed and tested a modified conceptual model adapted from that proposed by Reimer and Kuehn (2005.

  20. Volatile organic compounds in a multi-storey shopping mall in guangzhou, South China

    Tang, Jianhui; Chan, C. Y.; Wang, Xinming; Chan, L. Y.; Sheng, Guoying; Fu, Jiamo

    Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) specified in the USEPA TO-14 list were analysed in microenvironments of a multi-storey shopping mall in Guangzhou city, South China. The microenvironments studied include both indoor (department store, supermarket, fast-food court, electronic games room, children's playground, gallery and book store) and outdoor ones (rooftop and ground level entrance). The characteristics and concentration of VOCs varied widely in differing microenvironments. The average concentrations of the total VOCs in the indoor microenvironments ranged from 178.5 to 457.7 μg m -3 with a maximum of 596.8 μg m -3. The fast-food court and a leather products department store had the highest concentrations of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes and chlorinated hydrocarbons. A high level of 1,4-dichlorobenzene was found in all indoor microenvironments with an average of 12.3 μg m -3 and a maximum of 44.3 μg m -3. The ratios of average indoor to outdoor concentrations (I/O ratio) in all indoor microenvironments fell between 1 and 3, except an average of 24.6 and a maximum of 77.8 in the fashion department store for 1,4-dichlorobenzene. Indoor emission sources of monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the shopping mall might include cooking stoves, leather products and building materials. Chlorinated hydrocarbons, however, were possibly connected with their use as cleaning agents or deodorizers.

  1. Automatic detection of suspicious behavior of pickpockets with track-based features in a shopping mall

    Bouma, Henri; Baan, Jan; Burghouts, Gertjan J.; Eendebak, Pieter T.; van Huis, Jasper R.; Dijk, Judith; van Rest, Jeroen H. C.

    2014-10-01

    Proactive detection of incidents is required to decrease the cost of security incidents. This paper focusses on the automatic early detection of suspicious behavior of pickpockets with track-based features in a crowded shopping mall. Our method consists of several steps: pedestrian tracking, feature computation and pickpocket recognition. This is challenging because the environment is crowded, people move freely through areas which cannot be covered by a single camera, because the actual snatch is a subtle action, and because collaboration is complex social behavior. We carried out an experiment with more than 20 validated pickpocket incidents. We used a top-down approach to translate expert knowledge in features and rules, and a bottom-up approach to learn discriminating patterns with a classifier. The classifier was used to separate the pickpockets from normal passers-by who are shopping in the mall. We performed a cross validation to train and evaluate our system. In this paper, we describe our method, identify the most valuable features, and analyze the results that were obtained in the experiment. We estimate the quality of these features and the performance of automatic detection of (collaborating) pickpockets. The results show that many of the pickpockets can be detected at a low false alarm rate.

  2. EVALUATION OF A POPULAR SHOPPING MALL BUILT TO ACCOMMODATE PREVIOUS STREET VENDORS IN DOWNTOWN PORTO ALEGRE

    Naiana Maura John

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to evaluate a popular shopping mall, named the CPC, focusing on its location, use, aesthetics and security. The global and local integration values of streets surrounding the CPC and the former Square XV Camelódromo are compared in order to evidence their level of accessibility. Concerning use, the following specific objectives are investigated: retailers’ and CPC users’ preference for a popular shopping mall type and CPC users’ knowledge and shopping routines in the former Square XV Camelódromo; retailers’ and CPC users’ levels of satisfaction with the CPC, evaluations of the CPC building and shops location regarding sales, assessments of the existence of a food court and a bus terminal in the CPC building. In relation to aesthetics, retailers’ and CPC users’ evaluations of the internal appearance of the CPC, and retailers’, CPC users’ and architects’ assessments of the external appearance of the CPC are revealed. Moreover, retailers’ and CPC users’ evaluations of security in the bus terminal in the CPC building and in downtown Porto Alegre are identified. Data gathering methods included archival surveys, physical measurements, behavioral observations, and questionnaires. Data were analyzed through non-parametric statistical tests and space syntax methods. Results corroborate findings of other studies regarding the need for movement of people and visibility of shops at ground level, in order to achieve a satisfactory sales performance. Moreover, the CPC external appearance tends to be differently evaluated among retailers, CPC users and architects.

  3. Reynolds stress structures in a self-similar adverse pressure gradient turbulent boundary layer at the verge of separation.

    Atkinson, C.; Sekimoto, A.; Jiménez, J.; Soria, J.

    2018-04-01

    Mean Reynolds stress profiles and instantaneous Reynolds stress structures are investigated in a self-similar adverse pressure gradient turbulent boundary layer (APG-TBL) at the verge of separation using data from direct numerical simulations. The use of a self-similar APG-TBL provides a flow domain in which the flow gradually approaches a constant non-dimensional pressure gradient, resulting in a flow in which the relative contribution of each term in the governing equations is independent of streamwise position over a domain larger than two boundary layer thickness. This allows the flow structures to undergo a development that is less dependent on the upstream flow history when compared to more rapidly decelerated boundary layers. This APG-TBL maintains an almost constant shape factor of H = 2.3 to 2.35 over a momentum thickness based Reynolds number range of Re δ 2 = 8420 to 12400. In the APG-TBL the production of turbulent kinetic energy is still mostly due to the correlation of streamwise and wall-normal fluctuations, 〈uv〉, however the contribution form the other components of the Reynolds stress tensor are no longer negligible. Statistical properties associated with the scale and location of sweeps and ejections in this APG-TBL are compared with those of a zero pressure gradient turbulent boundary layer developing from the same inlet profile, resulting in momentum thickness based range of Re δ 2 = 3400 to 3770. In the APG-TBL the peak in both the mean Reynolds stress and the production of turbulent kinetic energy move from the near wall region out to a point consistent with the displacement thickness height. This is associated with a narrower distribution of the Reynolds stress and a 1.6 times higher relative number of wall-detached negative uv structures. These structures occupy 5 times less of the boundary layer volume and show a similar reduction in their streamwise extent with respect to the boundary layer thickness. A significantly lower percentage

  4. Laika, Belka & Strelka : kolm naist paadis / Malle Jürgenson, Krista Lepland, Tea Tammelaan ; intervjueerinud Ingrid Ruudi

    Jürgenson, Malle, 1961-

    2009-01-01

    Sisearhitektuuribüroo Laika, Belka & Strelka sisearhitektid Malle Jürgenson, Krista Lepland ja Tea Tammelaan oma töödest (muuseumide ja ekspositsioonide kujundused, Tartu Jaani kiriku ja Lotte lasteaia sisekujundus ja sisustus, Muhu saarel asuva eramu sisekujundus), lavastuslikkusest, ruumidest, mida tahaks kujundada, ruumi heast kujundusest. Loetletud Laika, Belka & Strelka töid, omistatud preemiaid

  5. Teaduskeskus Ahhaa = Ahhaa Science Centre / Vilen Künnapu, Ain Padrik, Malle Jürgenson, Tea Tammelaan ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso

    2012-01-01

    Tartus Sadama 1 auva Ahhaa teaduskeskuse arhitektuurist ja sisearhitektuurist. Arhitektid: Ain Padrik ja Vilen Künnapu, kaasa töötasid Kristjan Tõlk, Kristiin Keernik, Siim Tuksam, Hannes Tilk (Künnapu & Padrik). Sisearhitektid: Tea Tammelaan, Krista Lepland ja Malle Jürgenson (Laika, Belka & Strelka). Infograafika: Alar Pikkorainen

  6. Math Academy: Let's Go to the Mall! Explorations in Combinatorics. Book 5: Supplemental Math Materials for Grades 3-8

    Rimbey, Kimberly

    2008-01-01

    Created by teachers for teachers, the Math Academy tools and activities included in this booklet were designed to create hands-on activities and a fun learning environment for the teaching of mathematics to the students. This booklet contains the "Math Academy--Let's Go to the Mall! Explorations in Combinatorics," which teachers can use to enhance…

  7. The Impact of Utilising Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) on Vocabulary Acquisition among Migrant Women English Learners

    Ahmad, Kham Sila; Armarego, Jocelyn; Sudweeks, Fay

    2017-01-01

    Aim/Purpose: To develop a framework for utilizing Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL) to assist non-native English migrant women to acquire English vocabulary in a non-formal learning setting. Background: The women in this study migrated to Australia with varied backgrounds including voluntary or forced migration, very low to high levels of…

  8. ANALISIS POSITIONING RESTORAN CEPAT SAJI WARALABA FRIED CHICKEN DI BANJARMASIN BERDASARKAN PERSEPSI KONSUMEN (Studi Pada KFC Duta Mall, Texas Fried Chicken Duta Mall,AW Duta Mall Dan California Fried Chicken Rs Ulin Banjarmasin

    Prihatini Ade Mayvita

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available During  the  last  14  years,  the  growth  rate  of  fried  chicken  franchise  with  the concept of fast food restaurants in Banjarmasin is 12% per year. It is characterized by large number of outlets/stores of fried chicken franchise in Banjarmasin city as many as 10 outlets. Most of the existing outlets are in Duta Mall Banjarmasin.  This study aims to identify and analyze the competitive position of fried-chicken fast-food franchise restaurants based on the consumers’ perceptions (Study on KFC,  Texas  Fried  Chicken, AW  Duta  Mall  and  CFC  RS  Ulin  Banjarmasin. Perceptions formulated are based on the assessment of marketing mix, which consists of services, physical condition, Product, promotion, personal traits, Price, means of support, distribution and location. 100 respondents are taken as samples in this study, i.e. respondents who have eaten in the fourth Fried Chicken fast food franchise using the technique of non proportional stratified random sampling. Meanwhile, the technique of data analysis uses Multi Dimensional Scaling (MDS. The findings from the analysis using Multi Dimensional Scaling (MDS show inequality  positions  of  Fried  Chicken  franchise  restaurants,  Kentucky  Fried Chicken,  Texas  Chicken,  AW  and  California  Fried  Chicken,  based  on  their consumers’  perceptions:  1.  KFC  is  a  fried  chicken  franchise  restaurant  that has superiority over the ease in getting information for organizing parties, the rooms’ capacities, the frequency of advertisements, employee skills, appropriate Products with Prices. In addition, KFC also has special superiority over different/ unique fried chicken taste and more outlets than other fried chicken franchise restaurants; 2. Texas Fried chicken has superiority over the speed of Customer service,  cleanliness  of  the  room,  the  Product  pakaging  which  is  favorable  to consumers,  direct  gifts,

  9. Sobre el sentimiento de vergüenza en la Ética Nicomaquea y la Retórica de Aristóteles

    Gil Blasco, Marta

    2013-01-01

    En el siguiente estudio examinaremos el sentimiento de vergüenza desde dos planteamientos distintos formulados por Aristóteles: el de la Retórica, por una parte, y el de la Ética Nicomaquea, por otra, con la finalidad de dar cuenta de las diferencias, así como de los puntos de confluencia que existen entre ambos. Asimismo, consideraremos la intrincada conexión que existe entre la agencia humana y cuestiones tales como la voluntariedad, la responsabilidad y la culpa, así como el papel fundamen...

  10. The Cacophony of Space and the Clink Clunk Clang in Architecture The mall corridor redux

    Cipriano, Nolan

    The element of sound is nearly inescapable. The various ways in which sound is generated, perceived, represented, and hindered resonates not only within the realm of the auditory sense, but as well as the visual and tactile. Through investigating the representation of sound, both in the aural and visual worlds, a deeper understanding of its profound effects can be observed. In the world of architectural space it is the element of sound that is often forgotten, whereas the sonic nature of a space is not designed. This thesis endeavours to examine how, through a comprehensive understanding of the various facets of sound representations, effects, and history, it can inform specifically designed sonorously beneficial spaces that directly reflect and support their purpose. This notion will be explored through the redesign of the shopping-mall corridor within the heritage structure of the Ogilvy Building in Ottawa, Ontario. Through adaptive architecture, the possibility exists to create a subjective aural space.

  11. Colour Light And Wellbeing: A Case Study Of M Mall 020 George Town, Penang Island

    Aqbar Zakaria, Safial; Yii Rou, Ng; Zhi En, Hoi; Iyian, Tai

    2017-12-01

    Contrary to popular belief, the brightest light or the most colourful light makes good lighting design. However, what makes a good lighting design in interior space is an impeccable composite of art and science. With the application of good lighting design, it can produce an impressive result from enhancing the aesthetic of architectural elements to conveying the right type of ambiance of the interiors. This research intends to address the crucial issues regarding the ways in which lighting designers can communicate the benefits of good lighting and to create a better awareness to users. The objectives of this paper are to outline and explore the features of good and poor lighting design in M Mall O2O based on the lighting design language and profession. The results of this research are mainly qualitative in nature, supported by the professional lighting designers on the definitions of good lighting, personal observation and visual data which were taken in George Town, Penang Island. The case studies on good and poor lighting portrayed in this mall were used as examples to scrutinize the issues raised herein. To achieve the optimum lighting design, a joint approach of focusing on the artistic flair brought forth by lighting and more scientific effort on the calculation levels of lights is crucial. Different functionality requires a different amount of attention on either approach. In conclusion, a good lighting design must be able to enhance the atmosphere and also enrich the quality of the interior architecture. Apart from that, a good lighting design should have good distribution of brightness levels, contrast and different colour temperatures to enhance characters of the interior spaces without neglecting the health and wellbeing aspects.

  12. An Analysis of the Hierarchy of Goals that Guides the Consumer’s Decision to Attend Shopping Malls: a Contrast Between Men and Women

    Silvana Taschek Hastreiter

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Understanding the hierarchy of goals of the consumer is one of the issues that has guided the efforts of researchers in recent years. The objective of this study is to identify a hierarchy of goals that guides the decision of men and women to visit shopping malls. A study was conducted over a qualitative and a quantitative stage, using the Association Pattern Technique and log-linear model. In the qualitative research, 14 consumers who reside in Curitiba-PR were interviewed resulting in 42 narratives and 90 reports of visits to the mall. In the quantitative stage, with electronic data collection, we obtained a sample of 703 valid questionnaires from consumers of 66 Brazilian cities. We found that men and women go to shopping malls with different motivations and therefore have different goal structures. Men have a more utilitarian motivation, and visit malls with specific goals for the accomplishment of some task. Women, on the other hand, go to malls with more hedonic motivations. They value the comfort and pleasure that malls provide.

  13. Shopping Mall: Konsumtempel oder neuer ‚Frauenraum‘ im Zentrum der Stadt? The Shopping Mall: Temple of Consumerism or the New “Women’s Space” in the City Center?

    Stephanie Bock

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Die in den USA entstandene Shopping Mall ist aus den europäischen Stadtzentren nicht mehr wegzudenken. Kerstin Dörhöfer geht in ihrem Buch an ausgewählten Berliner Beispielen der Frage nach der Wirkung dieser vermeintlich homogenen baulichen ‚Monolithen‘ auf urbane Kultur und vor allem auf die Geschlechterverhältnisse nach. Die allmähliche Eroberung der Innenstädte durch die Shopping Mall ist – so das Fazit der lesenswerten Arbeit – kein Ausdruck einer verstärkten Teilhabe von Frauen am städtischen Leben. Vielmehr konterkariert der neue Innenraum im öffentlichen Stadtraum die mit Urbanität verbundene Vorstellung einer Aneignung städtischen Raums.We can no longer imagine European city centers without those shopping malls originating from the USA. Using select examples from Berlin, Kerstin Dörhöfer questions the effect of these supposedly homogenously built ‘monoliths’ on urban culture and especially on gender relations. The shopping mall’s gradual conquest of city centers—at least according to the conclusion of this well-worth reading work—is not an expression of the ever-strengthening share women have in city life. Instead, this central space within the public sphere of the city thwarts the urban-based belief in the appropriation of the city space.

  14. The Impact of Globalization on Employment Generation in India: The case of emerging 'Big Shopping Malls and Retailers'

    Kaliappa Kalirajan; Kanhaiya Singh

    2009-01-01

    Globalization in this paper concerns diffusion of idea, and technique of doing business. Organised retailing and retailing through big shopping complexes and malls is an idea, which is drawn from within and across nations. Thus, this idea is necessarily global and expansion of this idea is an integral part of globalisation. Growth of organized retail sector in India is being seen by some as the next driver of the Indian economy after the information technology boom. Some have argued that the ...

  15. A simple health sign increases stair use in a shopping mall and two train stations in Flanders, Belgium.

    Boen, Filip; Maurissen, Katrien; Opdenacker, Joke

    2010-06-01

    The aim of this study was to test the impact of a simple health-promotion sign on stair use in three community settings in Flanders, Belgium. A health sign was placed at the junction between the stairs and an escalator in a shopping mall and two train stations. Observations took place on four days: baseline, first intervention, post-intervention and second intervention. In the second station, a second post-intervention phase was added. In total, 1437 choices of shoppers were registered in the mall, while 2869 and 2025 choices of commuters were recorded in the two stations, respectively. Despite the different baselines of stair use, the introduction of the health sign in the first intervention phase resulted in a significant increase in all three settings: 10.0% increase in the mall, 8.6% in the first station and 18.0% in the second station. In the second station, the increase during the second intervention exceeded that of the first intervention. Moreover, in this station stair use in the second post-intervention phase was significantly higher than at baseline. An inexpensive health-promoting sign has a substantial effect on the proportion of stair users among shoppers and commuters. Preliminary evidence was found that repeated exposure to a health sign might have a longer term effect on stair use.

  16. THE OUTBURST OF MODERN MARKET DEVELOPMENT (HYPERMART, MALL AND THE KINDS

    Murni Ediati

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Urban areas in Indonesia have tended to grow with little control or order in recent years, and this problemincludes the problem of modern markets. The emergence of modern market centers in Indonesia has given anew color to commerce activities. Opinions pro and contra have appeared about the emergence of thesecommercial centers. There are the various interests and needs of the actors such as investors, society, andgovernment in the emergence of malls, plazas, hypermarts, and groceries. The interests focus on the need toimprove tax revenue, regional compensation, inclusion of employees, improvement of trade, and the fulfillmentof people living standbards. Recently, the fast-growing modern markets have caused many controversies.However, government policies and decisions still support the emergence of such modern trade centers. Thesemodern markets compete with traditional markets. Although the traditional markets have their own marketsegments, modern markets should not allowed to wipe out them out. Based on these reasons, therefore, thegovernment should make strict, fair, and neutral regional policies (regional regulation such as zoning rule andurban planning concepts for upcoming 50 years. Moreover, the government should improve the role oforganizers and urban planners as the managers, and enrich the market with pluralistic and comprehensiveconcepts sustainable development and social participation, something which is often neglected in urbanplanning.

  17. Bacterial communities on food court tables and cleaning equipment in a shopping mall.

    Dingsdag, S; Coleman, N V

    2013-08-01

    The food court at a shopping mall is a potential transfer point for pathogenic microbes, but to date, this environment has not been the subject of detailed molecular microbiological study. We used a combination of culture-based and culture-independent approaches to investigate the types and numbers of bacteria present on food court tables, and on a food court cleaning cloth. Bacteria were found at 10²-10⁵ c.f.u./m² on food court tables and 10¹⁰ c.f.u./m² on the cleaning cloth. Tag-pyrosequencing of amplified 16S rRNA genes revealed that the dominant bacterial types on the cleaning cloth were genera known to include pathogenic species (Stenotrophomonas, Aeromonas), and that these genera were also evident at lower levels on table surfaces, suggesting possible cross-contamination. The evidence suggests a public health threat is posed by bacteria in the food court, and that this may be due to cross-contamination between cleaning equipment and table surfaces.

  18. LONG-TERM ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD MEASUREMENT AND ASSESSMENT FOR A SHOPPING MALL.

    Engiz, Begum Korunur; Kurnaz, Cetin

    2017-07-01

    As a result of the dense deployment of wireless devices and base stations, measuring and evaluating the electromagnetic (EM) exposure levels they emit have become important to human health especially if they exceed the limits defined in the standards. Base stations, Wi-Fi equipment and other electronic devices are used heavily, especially in densely crowded places like shopping centers. In this study, electric field strength (E) measurements were conducted at one of the largest shopping malls in Turkey. Broadband E measurements were performed using PMM 8053 EM field strength meter for 24 h a day for the duration of one week while frequency selective measurements were carried out with SRM-3006 EM field strength meter. It is concluded from the measurements that the mean measured total E in the band between 100 kHz and 3 GHz is 0.59 V/m while the maximum E is 7.88 V/m, which are both below the limit determined by International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection. Evolutions show that E can increase by up to 55% during the daytime. Analyses demonstrate that 71.3% of total E is caused by UMTS2100, 16.3% is produced by GSM900, 6.2% by LTE, 3.5% by Wi-Fi, and 2.7% is generated by devices that use the remaining frequency bands. Based on the detailed statistical analysis of long-term E measurement results, it can be concluded that the measured E levels are not in normal distribution and that they are statistically different with respect to days. Furthermore, distribution of E can be best modeled with the non-parametric approach. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  19. Long-term electromagnetic field measurement and assessment for a shopping mall

    Engiz, Begum Korunur; Kurnaz, Cetin

    2017-01-01

    As a result of the dense deployment of wireless devices and base stations, measuring and evaluating the electromagnetic (EM) exposure levels they emit have become important to human health especially if they exceed the limits defined in the standards. Base stations, Wi-Fi equipment and other electronic devices are used heavily, especially in densely crowded places like shopping centers. In this study, electric field strength (E) measurements were conducted at one of the largest shopping malls in Turkey. Broadband E measurements were performed using PMM 8053 EM field strength meter for 24 h a day for the duration of one week while frequency selective measurements were carried out with SRM 3006 EM field strength meter. It is concluded from the measurements that the mean measured total E in the band between 100 kHz and 3 GHz is 0.59 V/m while the maximum E is 7.88 V/m, which are both below the limit determined by International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection. Evolutions show that E can increase by up to 55% during the daytime. Analyses demonstrate that 71.3% of total E is caused by UMTS2100, 16.3% is produced by GSM900, 6.2% by LTE, 3.5% by Wi-Fi, and 2.7% is generated by devices that use the remaining frequency bands. Based on the detailed statistical analysis of long-term E measurement results, it can be concluded that the measured E levels are not in normal distribution and that they are statistically different with respect to days. Furthermore, distribution of E can be best modeled with the non-parametric approach. (authors)

  20. Otologic consequences of blast exposure: a Finnish case study of a shopping mall bomb explosion.

    Mrena, Roderik; Pääkkönen, Rauno; Bäck, Leif; Pirvola, Ulla; Ylikoski, Jukka

    2004-10-01

    On 11 October, 2002, in the Myyrmanni shopping mall, Vantaa city, Finland, an explosion by a suicide bomber killed 7 people and injured at least 160,44 of whom had ear trauma. We investigated the acute and subacute otologic consequences of the explosion. Otologic examination of the 29 patients treated for ear trauma at the ENT clinic of the University Hospital of Helsinki was performed during the first month after the explosion, and a questionnaire was completed regarding subjective aural symptoms. Symptoms occurring directly after the explosion and for up to 1 month afterwards were assessed. Of the 29 patients, 66% had tinnitus as the initial symptom, 55% hearing loss, 41% pain in the ears and 28% sound distortion. Tinnitus and hearing loss in combination were experienced by 12 patients (41%). Eight patients who had been situated<10 m from the center of the explosion had a rupture of the tympanic membrane. This supported the initial evaluation by the authorities that the bomb had consisted of approximately 3 kg ammonium nitrate, equivalent to approximately 0.5 kg of trinitrotoluene. It was estimated that some kind of ear injury was likely for individuals situated<70 m from the center of the explosion. People often think that tinnitus and hearing impairment are naturally occurring phenomena after blast exposure, and if their symptoms resolve they do not seek medical advice. However, some of them may have substantial hearing impairment, particularly at high frequencies. Otologic consultation, or at least an audiometric screening test to exclude hearing impairment, should be performed regardless of symptoms, on the basis of exposure data only. Some symptoms, such as tinnitus and hearing loss, may be permanent consequences of a blast injury and their effect on quality of life may be substantial.

  1. DEZ PRINCÍPIOS PARA REPENSAR O MALL OU A MANUTENÇÃO DO CICLO DO LUCRO?

    Fernando Garrefa

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo faz parte de uma pesquisa ainda em andamento, tomada a partir da conclusão de tese de doutorado intitulada: Shopping centers: de centro de abastecimento a produto de consumo (GARREFA, 2007. Na tese, identificou-se o encurtamento do ciclo de vida dos shopping centers e seu enquadramento a uma condição de semelhante à dispensada aos produtos de consumo, a efemeridade e a descartabilidade. Com o intuito de dar segmento às constatações elaboradas na tese, busca-se analisar os desdobramentos atuais desse fenômeno, concentrando-se no modelo que tem sido difundido com intensidade nos Estados Unidos e ainda timidamente no Brasil: os shopping centers com os corredores de compra descobertos, apelidados de open-air mall. Este modelo foi definido após conferência do Urban Land Institute intitulado: Dez princípios para repensar o mall cuja publicação gerou uma cartilha de princípios visando uma melhor relação entre shopping centers e a cidade. A primeira vista, o open-air mall parece mais atento às peculiaridades das cidades estabelecendo com elas uma sinergia positiva. No entanto, um olhar mais atento mostra que se configuram acima de tudo mais uma tentativa de manutenção do ciclo do lucro, um modismo que tende a ser descartado com mais rapidez que seus predecessores legando grandes impactos às cidades.

  2. Enhancing Brand Loyalty by Increasing Experiential Value through Customer Satisfaction in Boka Buka Restaurant Pondok Indah Mall

    Nathania Gunawan; Harjanto Prabowo; Annetta Gunawan

    2015-01-01

    This research was conducted at Boka Buka Restaurant. Boka Buka Restaurant is a casual French dining restaurant in Pondok Indah Mall. The objectives of the research are to examine if the experiential value contributes to customer satisfaction in Boka Buka Restaurant and t examine if the experiential value and customer satisfaction contributes partially and simultaneously to brand loyalty in Boka Buka Restaurant. The methods of the research are Pearson Correlation and Path Analysis. The data is...

  3. Urban Space Innovation - “10+” Principles through Designing the New Image of the Existing Shopping Mall in Csepel, Hungary

    Gyergyak, Janos

    2017-10-01

    The first part of the paper is about to introduce the principles of “placemaking” as an innovation and important tool of the cities in the 21st century. The process helps designers to transform the spaces of “nobody” to a community-based space for supporting the connection among humans. The second part of the paper shows the process of the used principles by the author for designing the new image of the existing shopping mall in Csepel, Hungary. This work was selected as one of the best design ideas for renewing the existing underutilized space.

  4. Modelling and predicting of commercial property attendance basing on the estimation of its attraction for consumers (by example of shopping malls

    Varvara Sergeyevna Spirina

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective to research and elaborate an economicmathematical model of predicting of commercial property attendance by the example of shopping malls based on the estimation of its attraction for consumers. Methods the methodological and theoretical basis for the work was composed of the rules and techniques of elaborating the qualimetry and matrix mechanisms of complex estimation necessary for the estimation and aggregation of factors influencing the choice of a consumersrsquo group among many alternative property venues. Results two mechanisms are elaborated for the complex estimation of commercial property which is necessary to evaluate their attraction for consumers and to predict attendance. By the example of two large shopping malls in Perm Russia it is shown that using both mechanisms in the economicmathematical model of commercial property attendance increases the accuracy of its predictions compared to the traditional Huff model. The reliability of the results is confirmed by the coincidence of the results of calculation and the actual poll data on the shopping malls attendance. Scientific novelty a multifactor model of commercial property attraction for consumers was elaborated by the example of shopping malls parameters of complex estimation mechanisms are defined namely eight parameters influencing the choice of a shopping mall by consumers. The model differs from the traditional Huff model by the number of factors influencing the choice of a shopping mall by consumers and by the higher accuracy of predicting its attendance. Practical significance the economicmathematical models able to predict commercial property attendance can be used for efficient planning of measures to attract consumers to preserve and develop competitive advantages of commercial property. nbsp

  5. Market Feasibility of Burberry and Gucci in Zhang Jiagang City, P.R China : Case: Introduce a New Luxury Brand into Kelly Mall

    Wang, Ning; Wu, Youran

    2012-01-01

    With the rapid development of Chinese economy, wealth has spread from largest coastal cities to smaller cities and luxury stores have started to follow. Kelly Mall is the largest high-end department store situated in Zhang Jiagang City, Jiangsu Province, P.R China. This research aims to figure out if Kelly Mall should introduce a new luxury brand, help-ing Kelly Mall’s board members make decision on taking either Burberry or Gucci or both of them into its luxury department. Theoretical framew...

  6. A study of energy performance and audit of commercial mall in hot-summer/warm-winter climate zone in China

    Zhisheng, Li; Jiawen, Liao; Xiaoxia, Wang [School of Civil and Transportation Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510006 (China); Lin, Yaolin [Building Energy Solutions and Technologies, Inc, San Jose Office, San Jose, CA 95134 (United States); Xuhong, Liu [School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong, 510643 (China)

    2013-08-15

    The building energy performance improvement of large-scale public buildings is very important to release China's energy shortage pressure. The aim of the study is to find out the building energy saving potentials of large-scale public and commercial buildings by energy audit. In this paper, the energy consumption, energy performance, and audit were carried out for a typical commercial mall, the so-called largest mall in Asia, located in a hot-summer and warm-winter climate zone. The total annual energy consumption reaches 210.01 kWh/m{sup 2}, of which lighting energy consumption accounts for 30.03 kWh/m{sup 2} and the lift and elevator energy consumption accounts for 40.46 kWh/m{sup 2}. It is by far higher than that of the average building energy consumption in the same category. However, the annual heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) energy consumption is only 87.19 kWh/m{sup 2} even though they run 24/7. It proves that the energy performance of the HVAC system is good. Therefore, the building energy savings potential mainly relies on reducing the excessive usage of lighting, lifts, and elevators.

  7. Perancancangan Jaringan Fiber To The Home (FTTH Menggunakan Teknologi Gigabyte Passive Optical Network (GPON pada Mall Park23 Tuban

    I Putu Gede Yudha Pratama

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak-Perancangan jaringan ini berpusat pada sebuah mall baru yang akan dibangun pada daerah Tuban, Bali. Yang dimana mall berada pada pada luas tanah 6,981 m2. Perancangan ini menggunakan sistem IndiHome (100% fiber dengan menggunakan GPON (Gigabyte Passive Optical Network sebagai teknologinya. Perancangan jaringan ini, dimulai dengan perhitungan demand dan menghitung kebutuhan traffik tiap calon tenant yang akan dibagi menjadi 3 kategori jenis tenant. Dilanjutkan dengan proses merancang struktur jaringan yang dimulai dari penyambungan kabel pada closure sebanyak 48 core hingga sampai pada ONT (Optical Network Termination. Hasil analisis dengan menggunakan parameter Power Link Budget diperoleh total redaman untuk uplink dan downlink masing-masing sebesar 23,84 dB dan 23,574 dB. Margin Daya didapat sebesar 4,16 dBm. Sedangkan, Rise Time Budget diperoleh sebesar 0,25 ns untuk uplink dan 0,22 ns untuk downlink. Nilai tersebut masih dibawah standard maksimum rise time yaitu sebesar 0,5833 ns.

  8. EFECTO DE FECHA Y TIPO DE PODA EN FRAMBUESA ROJA 'Malling autumn Bliss'

    R. Á. Parra-Quezada

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudiaron fechas de poda al ras del suelo y despuntes en frambuesa roja 'Malling autumn Bliss', en Guerrero, Chihuahua, con el objetivo de conocer los efectos en el crecimiento de los tallos nuevos, periodo de cosecha, rendimiento y calidad de fruta. Se utilizaron plantas de un año de edad y durante el 2001 se realizaron podas al ras del suelo el 15 de marzo, 15 de abril y 15 de mayo, así como poda de despunte el 15 de marzo del mismo año y el testigo sin despuntar y sin poda. En el 2002 se evaluaron podas al ras el 15 de marzo, 15 de abril y el 15 de mayo. En ambos años se utilizaron cuatro repeticiones y unidades experimentales de dos metros de longitud. El distanciamiento entre hileras fue de 1.5 m y se formaron setos de 60 cm de ancho. Antes de la plantación (abril del 2000, el terreno se barbechó y se incorporaron con rastra entre los 10 y 15 cm de profundidad 60 ton·ha-1 de estiércol bovino seco como única fuente nutrimental al cultivo. El sistema de riego fue por goteo superficial, con goteros cada metro. La poda al ras del 15 de abril presentó el mayor rendimiento con 7.4 y 5.0 t·ha-1 en el 2001 y 2002, respectivamente. La poda al ras el 15 de mayo retrasa la fecha de floración y la cosecha en ambos años. La floración de frambuesa evade las heladas tardías. La producción se concentró de agosto a octubre. El número de nuevos tallos por metro lineal fue superior en la poda al ras del 15 de abril. Los frutos de mayor tamaño se produjeron en la poda al ras del 15 de marzo y el 15 de abril y va de 1.8 a 3.6 g por fruto. Se observa una tendencia de disminución de rendimiento conforme pasan los años de producción.

  9. Teeninduse taseme hoidmine ja heade teenindajate leidmine on tööandjatele võtmeküsimus / Anu-Mall Naarits, Anneli Mere, Kristjan Laja, Inge Suder

    2009-01-01

    Anu-Mall Naarits Maratist, Anneli Mere Matkasport OÜ-st, Kristjan Laja Ambient Marketingist ning Inge Suder AS-ist Eesti Post vastavad küsimustele, mis puudutavad tagasisidet teenindusele, teenindajatele pakutavaid koolitusi ja motivatsioonipakette, teeninduse taset Eestis, teenindustöötajate palgataset, hea teenindaja isikuomadusi ning raskemaid ülesandeid teenindaja töös

  10. Investigation of the effects of slow-release fertilizer and struvite in biodegradation in filter drains and potential application of treated water in irrigation of road verges.

    Theophilus, Stephen C; Mbanaso, Fredrick U; Nnadi, Ernest O; Onyedeke, Kingsley T

    2017-11-14

    Filter drains are usually laid along the margins of highways. Highway runoffs are polluted with hydrocarbons and high levels of total dissolved solids. Therefore, effective pollution removal mechanism is necessary in order to avoid contamination of surrounding soils and groundwater. Biodegradation is amongst pollution removal mechanisms in filter drains, but it is a relatively slow process which is dependent on wide range of factors including the type of pollutant and availability of nutrients. This paper reports on a study conducted to investigate the impact of slow-release fertilizer and struvite in enhancement of biodegradation of hydrocarbon in filter drains. Filter drain models incorporated with geotextile were challenged with cumulative oil loading of 178 mg/m 2 /week with a view to comparing the efficiency of these two nutrient sources under high oil pollution loading and realistic rainfall conditions of 13 mm/week. Nutrients and street dust were applied at one-off rate of 17 g/m 2 and 1.55 g/rig to provide nutrient enhancement and simulate field conditions respectively. The impact of the nutrients was studied by monitoring bacterial and fungal growth using nutrient agar, Rose Bengal Agar media and CO2 evolution. EC, pH, heavy metals, TPH, elemental analysis and SAR were used to investigate water quality of effluent of filter drains for potential application as irrigation fluid for trees and flowers planted on road verges. The results show that nutrient application encouraged microbial activities and enhanced biodegradation rates with differences in type of nutrient applied. Also, it was observed that incorporation of geotextiles in filter drains improved pollution retention efficiency and there is a potential opportunity for utilization of struvite in SuDS systems as sustainable nutrient source.

  11. Use of computational fluid dynamics in optimization of natural smoke ventilation from a historical shopping mall - Case study

    Krajewski, Grzegorz; Wegrzyński, Wojciech

    2018-01-01

    In this paper, the Authors present results of a complex case study, in which a natural smoke ventilation system was introduced into a historical mall Koszyki Market Hall located in the centre of Warsaw. As historical authorities protected the building, the only solution possible was to use a natural system - known for deficient performance in façade applications. To maximise the performance of the smoke control system, a Computational Wind Engineering exercise was performed. The goal was to find the most difficult wind attack angles, and optimise the performance at these conditions. Once the wind influence was known, a transient analysis was performed that included the growth of the fire within the building, as well as a numerical evacuation study. The resulting system was immune to the wind effects, and provided safe evacuation to users of the building, even in difficult wind conditions.

  12. THE IMPACTS OF CORPORATE REPUTATION AND SERVICE QUALITY ON CUSTOMER SATISFACTION: A RESEARCH AT SHOPPING MALLS IN ISTANBUL

    Adnan Duygun

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Retailing, with the growing number of Shopping Malls, is a booming sector. The main purpose of this study is to develop and test a model to reveal the influence of corporate reputation and service quality on customer satisfaction in retail sector. The study employs RepTrak scale to measure the corporate reputation and retail service quality scale (RSQS to measure the retail service quality. The results reveal that corporate reputation has no effect on customer satisfaction. Physical appearance and materials, communication and problem solving that factors of retail service quality, are proved to have an effect on customer satisfaction. Moreover, the results exhibit that there ise a significant and positive relationsihip between corporate reputation and retail service quality. The study also makes recomandations and suggestions for further researchs.

  13. Le shopping mall : un modèle pour la construction de la ville ?

    Daniau, Anaïs

    2017-01-01

    Après avoir montré à quel point le renouvellement du concept de shopping mall s’était inspiré de la ville, le présent article souhaite symétriser l’analyse de cette relation en décrivant la manière dont la gestion des centres urbains emprunte au fonctionnement des centres commerciaux pour se réinventer. Cette référence croissante au centre commercial comme modèle d’efficacité par les gestionnaires de centre-ville révèle selon nous l’existence de processus plus larges touchant nos centres-vill...

  14. Real-time tracking and fast retrieval of persons in multiple surveillance cameras of a shopping mall

    Bouma, Henri; Baan, Jan; Landsmeer, Sander; Kruszynski, Chris; van Antwerpen, Gert; Dijk, Judith

    2013-05-01

    The capability to track individuals in CCTV cameras is important for e.g. surveillance applications at large areas such as train stations, airports and shopping centers. However, it is laborious to track and trace people over multiple cameras. In this paper, we present a system for real-time tracking and fast interactive retrieval of persons in video streams from multiple static surveillance cameras. This system is demonstrated in a shopping mall, where the cameras are positioned without overlapping fields-of-view and have different lighting conditions. The results show that the system allows an operator to find the origin or destination of a person more efficiently. The misses are reduced with 37%, which is a significant improvement.

  15. Towards an architect’s ethics; The Mall of Castro as an (atypical case of our professional actions

    Sergio Salazar Alvarez

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The construction of Castro’s shopping mall dramatically changed the landscape of the landscape of the Chiloe Island’s capital city. This fact represents the dilemma between the primacy of commercial equipment solutions, which seek to improve the services offered to the community, and the capability to recreate the identity and heritage values of local architecture. In turn, the case renders the low incidence of the planning tools that take care of the quality and history of the built environment (regulatory plans and environmental impact assessment studies, completely evident. This raises the following question: What should be the ethical responsibility of architects in an urban transformation that involves a significant impact on the local heritage? The article discusses the consequences of the architectural project in its action on an urban and natural environment, emphasizing on the problems associated with having an ethical responsibility of the architect, as a relevant actor in the production of built environments.

  16. Influence of social and behavioural characteristics of users on their evaluation of subjective loudness and acoustic comfort in shopping malls.

    Qi Meng

    Full Text Available A large-scale subjective survey was conducted in six shopping malls in Harbin City, China, to determine the influence of social and behavioural characteristics of users on their evaluation of subjective loudness and acoustic comfort. The analysis of social characteristics shows that evaluation of subjective loudness is influenced by income and occupation, with correlation coefficients or contingency coefficients of 0.10 to 0.40 (p<0.05 or p<0.01. Meanwhile, evaluation of acoustic comfort evaluation is influenced by income, education level, and occupation, with correlation coefficients or contingency coefficients of 0.10 to 0.60 (p<0.05 or p<0.01. The effect of gender and age on evaluation of subjective loudness and acoustic comfort is statistically insignificant. The effects of occupation are mainly caused by the differences in income and education level, in which the effects of income are greater than that of education level. In terms of behavioural characteristics, evaluation of subjective loudness is influenced by the reason for visit, frequency of visit, and length of stay, with correlation coefficients or contingency coefficients of 0.10 to 0.40 (p<0.05 or p<0.01. Evaluation of acoustic comfort is influenced by the reason for visit to the site, the frequency of visit, length of stay, and also season of visit, with correlation coefficients of 0.10 to 0.30 (p<0.05 or p<0.01. In particular, users who are waiting for someone show lower evaluation of acoustic comfort, whereas users who go to shopping malls more than once a month show higher evaluation of acoustic comfort. On the contrary, the influence of the period of visit and the accompanying persons are found insignificant.

  17. Food at checkouts in non-food stores: a cross-sectional study of a large indoor shopping mall.

    Wright, James; Kamp, Erin; White, Martin; Adams, Jean; Sowden, Sarah

    2015-10-01

    To investigate the display of food at non-food store checkouts; and to classify foods by type and nutrient content, presence of price promotions and whether food was at child height. Cross-sectional survey of checkout displays at non-food stores. Foods were classified as 'less healthy' or healthier using the UK Food Standards Agency's Nutrient Profile Model. Written price promotions were recorded. Child height was defined as the sight line of an 11-year-old approximated from UK growth charts. A large indoor shopping mall, Gateshead, UK, February-March 2014. Two hundred and five out of 219 non-food stores in the shopping mall directory which were open for trading. Thirty-two (15·6%) of 205 non-food stores displayed food at the checkout. All displayed less healthy foods, and fourteen (43·8%) had healthier foods. Overall, 5911 checkout foods were identified. Of these, 4763 (80·6%) were 'less healthy'. No fruits, vegetables, nuts or seeds were found. Of 4763 less healthy foods displayed, 195 (4·1%) were subject to price promotions, compared with twelve of 1148 (1·0%) healthier foods (χ 2(df=1)=25·4, P<0·0001). There was no difference in the proportion of less healthy (95·1%) and healthier (96·2%) foods displayed at child height. Almost one-sixth of non-food stores displayed checkout food, the majority of which was 'less healthy' and displayed at child height. Less healthy food was more likely to be subject to a written price promotion than healthier food. Further research into the drivers and consequences of checkout food in non-food stores is needed. Public health regulation may be warranted.

  18. Speaker on verge of resignation

    2008-01-01

    Leedu parlamendi spiikri Viktoras Muntianase umbusaldusavaldusele kirjutasid alla nii opositsiooni- kui ka koalitsiooniparteide poliitikud. Muntianas on seotud altkäemaksu skandaaliga Kaunase kruntide erastamisel

  19. Lessons Learnt from the Westgate Shopping Mall Terrorist Attack in Nairobi, Kenya: Involving the Meetings, Incentives, Conferences and Exhibitions Sector in Crisis Communications

    Ashley Schroeder

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The terrorist attacks in Nairobi Kenya have been widely disseminated by the world media, thus, affecting the long-term interests of stakeholders. The tourism industry is made up of a vast number of these stakeholders, with the operating sector alone including the accommodation, tourism services, transportation, entertainment, food services, adventure and outdoor recreation, attractions, meetings, incentive, conventions, and exhibitions (MICE, and travel trade sectors. Within each operating sector, there is also a variety of different stakeholders in various segments and organisations. The purpose of this manuscript is to examine tourism crisis communications surrounding the Westgate Shopping Mall attacks in Kenya. The main research question which guided this study was: did tourism communications surrounding the Westgate Shopping Mall attacks follow best practices for tourism crisis communications? Accordingly, this paper used participant observation to highlight communications surrounding the attacks from the perspective of a conference planner and a conference attendee.

  20. Visitors׳ perceptions on the important factors of atrium design in shopping centers: A study of Gandaria City Mall and Ciputra World in Indonesia

    Astrid Kusumowidagdo

    2016-03-01

    The research was conducted with the sequential exploratory method, which involved a qualitative study, followed by a quantitative study. The objects of this research were two shopping centers located in the two largest cities in Indonesia, namely, Gandaria City Mall in Jakarta and Ciputra World in Surabaya. A total of 43 informants were a part of the qualitative data collection, and 350 respondents served as survey participants. The survey research shows that the design factors considered by visitors at the Gandaria City Mall are atrium legibility, atrium decoration, event decoration, social image and interaction, and event ambience, whereas the visitors at Ciputra World considered atrium legibility, social image and interaction, atrium ambience, and atrium decoration.

  1. Pengaruh Perceived Value terhadap Behavioral Intentions melalui Kepuasan Konsumen sebagai Variabel Mediasi di Restoran Mr. Pancake Solo Paragon Life Style Mall

    SL Triyaningsihadmin, Arum Permata Sari &

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the research are to analyses (1) effect of perceived value to behavioral intentions, (2) effect of perceived value to consumer satisfaction, (3) effect consumer satisfaction to behavioral intentions, (4) effect of perceived value to behavioral intentions, through consumer satisfaction as the mediating variable. Population on this research are all consumer of Hartono Life Style Mall in Solo Baru. The samples of this research consist of 100 responden, taken with convenience sam...

  2. Pengaruh Citra Toko Dan Kualitas Pelayanan Terhadap Keputusan Pembelian Ulang Melalui Kepuasan Pelanggan (Studi Pada Konsumen Toko Gunung Agung Cirebon Mall)

    Aliyan, Muhammad Ivan; Farida, Naili; Listyorini, Sari

    2015-01-01

    This research was conducted in account of the vastly developing book industries, indicated by an increasing number of competitors in the market. Specifically this research was focused on Toko Gunung Agung in Cirebon Mall, which was a part of one of the biggest network in Indonesia's book industry, However in the period 2011-2013 there is a gap between expectations and reality of customers who conduct transactions student book. Therefore the company had to recreate the store's positive image a...

  3. Modernisation of Leipzig main station. Reconstruction into ''Promenaden'' shopping mall; Sanierung Hauptbahnhof Leipzig. Umbau zum ''Promenaden''-Einkaufscenter

    Schmid, W. [Pressebuero fuer Technische Gebaeudeausruestung, Muenchen (Germany)

    1999-07-01

    Leipzig main station was modernized, and a service center and shopping mall was installed. The main problem consisted in maintaining an efficient train service, so that project management was considered particularly important. [German] Mit der umfassenden Renovierung des Leipziger Hauptbahnhofs wurde ergaenzend zur Sanierung der Verkehrsdrehscheibe ein Dienstleistungszentrum geschaffen. Eine der zu bewaeltigenden Schwierigkeiten beim Umbau war die Gewaehrleistung des Bahnbetriebs, so dass besonderer Wert auf ein umfassendes Projektmanagement gelegt wurde. (orig.)

  4. Stratigraphy, sedimentology, and geothermal reservoir potential of the volcaniclastic Cura-Mallín succession at Lonquimay, Chile

    Pedroza, Viviana; Le Roux, Jacobus P.; Gutiérrez, Néstor M.; Vicencio, Vladimir E.

    2017-08-01

    The Tolhuaca Volcano near Lonquimay in south-central Chile has been the subject of several studies due to its geothermal manifestations, but little is known about the stratigraphy and reservoir potential of the Cura-Mallín Formation forming its basement. Field work and U-Pb dating of detrital zircons allow us to redefine this succession as the Cura-Mallín Group, consisting of the volcano-sedimentary Guapitrío Formation, sedimentary Río Pedregoso Formation, and volcano-sedimentary Mitrauquén Formation. The Río Pedregoso Formation can be subdivided into three formal units, namely the Quilmahue Member, Rucañanco Member, and Bío-Bío Member. The base of the Quilmahue Member interfingers laterally with the base of the Guapitrío Formation, for which a previous K/Ar date of 22.0 ± 0.9 Ma was apparently discarded by the original authors. However, this date is consistent with the stratigraphic position of the Quilmahue Member and new zircon dates from the overlying units, also coinciding with the initiation of an extensional phase in the Bíobío-Aluminé Basin. Deposition of the Quilmahue Member continued throughout the early Miocene, as confirmed by dates of 17.5 Ma reported by previous authors and 16.5 Ma obtained in this study. The Rucañanco Member was deposited during the Serravalian around 12.6 Ma, whereas the Bío-Bío Member was dated at the Serravalian-Tortonian limit (11.6 Ma). Although all three members were deposited in a fluvio-lacustrine environment, they were dominated respectively by flood plains with crevasse splays, lake margins with distributary mouth bars and Gilbert-type deltas, and distal braided and meandering rivers. Whereas the Quilmahue Member was deposited during basin extension, the Rucañanco Member was formed during a period of basin inversion and compression. Temporary tectonic quiescence during deposition of the Bío-Bío Member allowed denudation of the landscape, but around 9.5 Ma tectonism was renewed again during deposition of

  5. Enhancing Brand Loyalty by Increasing Experiential Value through Customer Satisfaction in Boka Buka Restaurant Pondok Indah Mall

    Nathania Gunawan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted at Boka Buka Restaurant. Boka Buka Restaurant is a casual French dining restaurant in Pondok Indah Mall. The objectives of the research are to examine if the experiential value contributes to customer satisfaction in Boka Buka Restaurant and t examine if the experiential value and customer satisfaction contributes partially and simultaneously to brand loyalty in Boka Buka Restaurant. The methods of the research are Pearson Correlation and Path Analysis. The data is obtained from the questionnaires which are distributed to the customers at Boka Buka Restaurant to measure the level of the Experiential Value, Customer Satisfaction, and Brand Loyalty, using a Likert scale. From the analysis of the data, it obtains structural equation Y = 0.812X + 0.5839ε1 where Experiential Value contributes significantly to Customer Satisfaction of 65.9% and Z = 0.255X + 0.582Y + 0.5958ε2 where Experiential Value and Customer Satisfaction simultaneously contribute significantly to the Brand Loyalty of 64.5%.

  6. Evaluation of Sun Protection Habits and Melanocytic Nevi of Population Screened in a Shopping Mall in Ankara

    Banu Öztürk

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Design: The evaluation of sun protection habits, numbers and types of nevi in our community. Material and Method: A stand was built in a big mall in Ankara where 764 patients were screened for the presence of nevi in three working day periods during the month of May of 2005 and 2006. Lesions were evaluated with the help of digital dermatoscopy. In the study, sun protective practices, sunscreen using habits, dermatoscopic diagnosis of the lesions, numbers and the localization of the lesions were also recorded. Results: The study population consisted of 764 patients (438 female, 326 male with age ranging from 1 to 80 (33.7±13.7 years. 55.6% of them had skin type III, 47.3% had sunburn history. Most of the patients (44.1% were not using sunscreens. Hats and umbrellas (40.3% were the most common accessories used for protection. 904 lesions of 764 patients examined by dermatoscopy revealed that the most common diagnosis was nevi. Two patients were diagnosed with having cutaneous melanoma or basal cell carcinoma. Conclusion: Our findings have shown that the general population is not aware of the risks of sun exposure or the appropriate ways for sun protection and that there is a necessity for educational programmes or campaigns about sun protection and nevi in our general population.

  7. Qualitation and quantification of specific polysaccharides from Panax species using GC-MS, saccharide mapping and HPSEC-RID-MALLS.

    Cheong, Kit-Leong; Wu, Ding-Tao; Deng, Yong; Leong, Fong; Zhao, Jing; Zhang, Wen-Jie; Li, Shao-Ping

    2016-11-20

    The objective of this study was to qualify and quantify the specific polysaccharides in Panax spp. The analyses of specific polysaccharides were performed by using GC-MS, saccharide mapping and high performance size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC) coupled with multi angle laser light scattering (MALLS) and refractive index detector (RID). Results showed that compositional monosaccharides were the same in different species of Panax and composed of rhamnose, arabinose, galacturonic acid, mannose, glucose, and galactose. Saccharide mapping results showed that glycosides linkages, which existed in specific polysaccharides from Panax spp., were similar. Additionally, the content of specific polysaccharides of P. ginseng, P. notoginseng and P. quinquefolium were 17.9-20.5mg/g, 11.9-15.0mg/g, and 9.9-13.3mg/g, respectively. P. ginseng, P. notoginseng, and P. quinquefolium could be clustered into three groups using both hierarchical cluster analysis and principal component analysis. The results possessed great potential in characterization and content determination of specific polysaccharides in Panax spp. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Viewing experience of 3DTV: An exploration of the feeling of sickness and presence in a shopping mall.

    Obrist, Marianna; Wurhofer, Daniela; Meneweger, Thomas; Grill, Thomas; Tscheligi, Manfred

    2013-02-01

    The adoption and deployment of 3DTV can be seen as a major step in the history of television, comparable to the transition from analogue to digital and standard to high definition TV. Although 3D is expected to emerge from the cinema to peoples' home, there is still a lack of knowledge on how people (future end users) perceive 3DTV and how this influences their viewing experience as well as their acceptance of 3DTV. Within this paper, findings from a three-day field evaluation study on people's 3DTV experiences, focusing on the feeling of sickness and presence, are presented. Contrary to the traditional controlled laboratory setting, the study was conducted in the public setting of a shopping center and involved 700 participants. The study revealed initial insights on users' feeling of presence and sickness when watching 3DTV content. Results from this explorative study show that most of the participants reported symptoms of sickness after watching 3DTV with an effect of gender and age on the reported feeling of sickness. Our results further suggest that the users' previous experience with 3D content has an influence on how realistic people rate the viewing experience and how involved they feel. The particularities of the study environment, a shopping mall, are reflected in our findings and future research directions and action points for investigating people's viewing experiences of 3DTV are summarized.

  9. Twitter in the cross fire--the use of social media in the Westgate Mall terror attack in Kenya.

    Simon, Tomer; Goldberg, Avishay; Aharonson-Daniel, Limor; Leykin, Dmitry; Adini, Bruria

    2014-01-01

    On September 2013 an attack on the Westgate mall in Kenya led to a four day siege, resulting in 67 fatalities and 175 wounded. During the crisis, Twitter became a crucial channel of communication between the government, emergency responders and the public, facilitating the emergency management of the event. The objectives of this paper are to present the main activities, use patterns and lessons learned from the use of the social media in the crisis. Using TwitterMate, a system developed to collect, store and analyze tweets, the main hashtags generated by the crowd and specific Twitter accounts of individuals, emergency responders and NGOs, were followed throughout the four day siege. A total of 67,849 tweets were collected and analyzed. Four main categories of hashtags were identified: geographical locations, terror attack, social support and organizations. The abundance of Twitter accounts providing official information made it difficult to synchronize and follow the flow of information. Many organizations posted simultaneously, by their manager and by the organization itself. Creating situational awareness was facilitated by information tweeted by the public. Threat assessment was updated through the information posted on social media. Security breaches led to the relay of sensitive data. At times, misinformation was only corrected after two days. Social media offer an accessible, widely available means for a bi-directional flow of information between the public and the authorities. In the crisis, all emergency responders used and leveraged social media networks for communicating both with the public and among themselves. A standard operating procedure should be developed to enable multiple responders to monitor, synchronize and integrate their social media feeds during emergencies. This will lead to better utilization and optimization of social media resources during crises, providing clear guidelines for communications and a hierarchy for dispersing

  10. Twitter in the cross fire--the use of social media in the Westgate Mall terror attack in Kenya.

    Tomer Simon

    Full Text Available On September 2013 an attack on the Westgate mall in Kenya led to a four day siege, resulting in 67 fatalities and 175 wounded. During the crisis, Twitter became a crucial channel of communication between the government, emergency responders and the public, facilitating the emergency management of the event. The objectives of this paper are to present the main activities, use patterns and lessons learned from the use of the social media in the crisis. Using TwitterMate, a system developed to collect, store and analyze tweets, the main hashtags generated by the crowd and specific Twitter accounts of individuals, emergency responders and NGOs, were followed throughout the four day siege. A total of 67,849 tweets were collected and analyzed. Four main categories of hashtags were identified: geographical locations, terror attack, social support and organizations. The abundance of Twitter accounts providing official information made it difficult to synchronize and follow the flow of information. Many organizations posted simultaneously, by their manager and by the organization itself. Creating situational awareness was facilitated by information tweeted by the public. Threat assessment was updated through the information posted on social media. Security breaches led to the relay of sensitive data. At times, misinformation was only corrected after two days. Social media offer an accessible, widely available means for a bi-directional flow of information between the public and the authorities. In the crisis, all emergency responders used and leveraged social media networks for communicating both with the public and among themselves. A standard operating procedure should be developed to enable multiple responders to monitor, synchronize and integrate their social media feeds during emergencies. This will lead to better utilization and optimization of social media resources during crises, providing clear guidelines for communications and a hierarchy for

  11. Twitter in the Cross Fire—The Use of Social Media in the Westgate Mall Terror Attack in Kenya

    Simon, Tomer; Goldberg, Avishay; Aharonson-Daniel, Limor; Leykin, Dmitry; Adini, Bruria

    2014-01-01

    On September 2013 an attack on the Westgate mall in Kenya led to a four day siege, resulting in 67 fatalities and 175 wounded. During the crisis, Twitter became a crucial channel of communication between the government, emergency responders and the public, facilitating the emergency management of the event. The objectives of this paper are to present the main activities, use patterns and lessons learned from the use of the social media in the crisis. Using TwitterMate, a system developed to collect, store and analyze tweets, the main hashtags generated by the crowd and specific Twitter accounts of individuals, emergency responders and NGOs, were followed throughout the four day siege. A total of 67,849 tweets were collected and analyzed. Four main categories of hashtags were identified: geographical locations, terror attack, social support and organizations. The abundance of Twitter accounts providing official information made it difficult to synchronize and follow the flow of information. Many organizations posted simultaneously, by their manager and by the organization itself. Creating situational awareness was facilitated by information tweeted by the public. Threat assessment was updated through the information posted on social media. Security breaches led to the relay of sensitive data. At times, misinformation was only corrected after two days. Social media offer an accessible, widely available means for a bi-directional flow of information between the public and the authorities. In the crisis, all emergency responders used and leveraged social media networks for communicating both with the public and among themselves. A standard operating procedure should be developed to enable multiple responders to monitor, synchronize and integrate their social media feeds during emergencies. This will lead to better utilization and optimization of social media resources during crises, providing clear guidelines for communications and a hierarchy for dispersing

  12. [The prevalence of irritable bowel symptoms in a population of shopping mall visitors in Santiago de Chile].

    Madrid-Silva, A M; Defilippi-Caffri, C; Landskron-Ramos, G; Olguín-Herrera, F; Reyes-Ponce, A; Castro-Lara, A; Larraín-Corp, S; Martínez-Roje, N; Cortés-Espinoza, J

    2013-01-01

    Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder characterized by abdominal pain or discomfort that is associated with altered bowel habit. Both its prevalence and clinical characteristics vary throughout Latin America. A percentage of patients does not seek medical attention, therefore a reliable prevalence figure can only be established by interviewing non-selected populations. To study the prevalence and clinical characteristics of IBS symptoms in non-selected subjects in Santiago, Chile. A total of 437 shopping mall visitors above the age of 15 years (246 women) participated in the study by answering the Rome II validated questionnaire for IBS. The demographic and socioeconomic backgrounds, comorbidities, and a family history of IBS were registered. A total of 64.1% subjects reported having gastrointestinal symptoms and 28.6% had symptoms suggestive of IBS. When the subjects with IBS symptoms were compared with the asymptomatic individuals, a predominance of women (65.6 vs. 42.9, P<.001) and a greater cholecystectomy frequency (33.6 vs. 12.9% P<.05) were observed in the former. The age of symptom onset was 30.4 years. An equal percentage of subjects (42.4%) presented with diarrhea and constipation and 15.2% presented with alternating IBS. Participants with a higher educational level reported a lower percentage of IBS (P<.05). A family history of the disease was present in 40% of the subjects with IBS, compared with 14.9% in the asymptomatic individuals (P<.05). Only 39.2% of the subjects had seen a physician for their symptoms and the treatment and tests ordered were inappropriate. The prevalence of IBS symptoms in the population studied is one of the highest described. Therefore, health teams should have the necessary knowledge and skill required for its management. Copyright © 2013 Asociación Mexicana de Gastroenterología. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  13. Estudio sobre dos plantas homéricas : mandrágora y moly

    José Manuel Cuesta Pastor

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available En la Odisea, la bruja Circe envenena a ios amigos de Odiseo, convirtiéndoles en cerdos. Mermes proporciona a éste el antídoto para poder rescatarlos. Con el apoyo de manuales botánicos y la mitología se tratará de demostrar la identidad del phármacon de la maga y su antídoto.In Odyssey, the witch Circe poisons Odysseu's friends, transforming them into pigs. Hermes provides the antidote wich saves them. With the support of the botanical consultants and the mythology we will try to demónstrate the identity of phármacon of the witch and the antidote.

  14. Study of Decision Framework of Shopping Mall Photovoltaic Plan Selection Based on DEMATEL and ELECTRE III with Symmetry under Neutrosophic Set Environment

    Jiangbo Feng

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Rooftop distributed photovoltaic projects have been quickly proposed in China because of policy promotion. Before, the rooftops of the shopping mall had not been occupied, and it was urged to have a decision-making framework to select suitable shopping mall photovoltaic plans. However, a traditional multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM method failed to solve this issue at the same time, due to the following three defects: the interactions problems between the criteria, the loss of evaluation information in the conversion process, and the compensation problems between diverse criteria. In this paper, an integrated MCDM framework was proposed to address these problems. First of all, the compositive evaluation index was constructed, and the application of decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL method helped analyze the internal influence and connection behind each criterion. Then, the interval-valued neutrosophic set was utilized to express the imperfect knowledge of experts group and avoid the information loss. Next, an extended elimination et choice translation reality (ELECTRE III method was applied, and it succeed in avoiding the compensation problem and obtaining the scientific result. The integrated method used maintained symmetry in the solar photovoltaic (PV investment. Last but not least, a comparative analysis using Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS method and VIKOR method was carried out, and alternative plan X1 ranks first at the same. The outcome certified the correctness and rationality of the results obtained in this study.

  15. Indoor air quality (IAQ) assessment in a multistorey shopping mall by high-spatial-resolution monitoring of volatile organic compounds (VOC).

    Amodio, M; Dambruoso, P R; de Gennaro, Gianluigi; de Gennaro, L; Loiotile, A Demarinis; Marzocca, A; Stasi, F; Trizio, L; Tutino, M

    2014-12-01

    In order to assess indoor air quality (IAQ), two 1-week monitoring campaigns of volatile organic compounds (VOC) were performed in different areas of a multistorey shopping mall. High-spatial-resolution monitoring was conducted at 32 indoor sites located in two storehouses and in different departments of a supermarket. At the same time, VOC concentrations were monitored in the mall and parking lot area as well as outdoors. VOC were sampled at 48-h periods using diffusive samplers suitable for thermal desorption. The samples were then analyzed with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The data analysis and chromatic maps indicated that the two storehouses had the highest VOC concentrations consisting principally of terpenes. These higher TVOC concentrations could be a result of the low efficiency of the air exchange and intake systems, as well as the large quantity of articles stored in these small spaces. Instead, inside the supermarket, the food department was the most critical area for VOC concentrations. To identify potential emission sources in this department, a continuous VOC analyzer was used. The findings indicated that the highest total VOC concentrations were present during cleaning activities and that these activities were carried out frequently in the food department. The study highlights the importance of conducting both high-spatial-resolution monitoring and high-temporal-resolution monitoring. The former was able to identify critical issues in environments with a complex emission scenario while the latter was useful in interpreting the dynamics of each emission source.

  16. Novel system for pulse radiolysis with multi-angle light scattering detection (PR-MALLS) - concept, construction and first tests

    Kadlubowski, S.; Sawicki, P.; Sowinski, S.; Rokita, B.; Bures, K. D.; Rosiak, J. M.; Ulanski, P.

    2018-01-01

    Time-resolved pulse radiolysis, utilizing short pulses of high-energy electrons from accelerators, is an effective method for rapidly generating free radicals and other transient species in solution. Combined with fast time-resolved spectroscopic detection (typically in the ultraviolet/visible/near-infrared), it is invaluable for monitoring the reactivity of species subjected to radiolysis on timescales ranging from picoseconds to seconds. When used for polymer solutions, pulse radiolysis can be coupled with light-scattering detection, creating a powerful tool for kinetic and mechanistic analysis of processes like degradation or cross-linking of macromolecules. Changes in the light scattering intensity (LSI) of polymer solutions are indicative of alterations in the molecular weight and/or in the radius of gyration, i.e., the dimensions and shape of the macromolecules. In addition to other detection methods, LSI technique provides a convenient tool to study radiation-induced alterations in macromolecules as a function of time after the pulse. Pulse radiolysis systems employing this detection mode have been so far constructed to follow light scattered at a single angle (typically the right angle) to the incident light beam. Here we present an advanced pulse radiolysis & multi-angle light-scattering-intensity system (PR-MALLS) that has been built at IARC and is currently in the phase of optimization and testing. Idea of its design and operation is described and preliminary results for radiation-induced degradation of pullulan as well as polymerization and crosslinking of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate are presented. Implementation of the proposed system provides a novel research tool, which is expected to contribute to the expansion of knowledge on free-radical reactions in monomer- and polymer solutions, by delivering precise kinetic data on changes in molecular weight and size, and thus allowing to formulate or verify reaction mechanisms. The proposed method is

  17. Tartu meeriks pürgijad pakuvad - mis tooks ülikoolile Nobeli preemia / Ivar Tallo, Teet Jagomägi, Jüri Kumar, Malle Salupere...[jt.

    2002-01-01

    Tartu linnapeakandidaadid Ivar Tallo, Teet Jagomägi, Jüri Kumar, Malle Salupere, Tõni Kauba, Tõnis Lukas ja Andrus Ansip vastavad küsimustele : Tartu Ülikooli arenguvõimalustest ja -vajadustest, konkurentsivõime suurendamisest / vahendasid Sander Silm, Priit Rajalo, Ivi Drikkit

  18. Wandering in a mall

    Zabiliute, Emilija

    2016-01-01

    to social mobility as they wander in Delhi’s middle-class consumer-oriented spaces. Wandering (ghūmnā) is evaluated differently by young men and their parents, pointing to generational and gendered distinctions. For young men, such wandering is a means to participate in the consumer culture, while...... Delhi, which aim to be ‘world-class’, less attention has been paid to the ways in which the poor experience the city and its middle-class consumer-oriented localities. In this article, I explore the ways in which urban poor young men who live in a squatter settlement on the fringes of the city aspire...... their families evaluate it as a waste of time and useless (bekār) behaviour. By placing aspirations in a temporal perspective, I show how the young men adjust their aspirations relationally, as they take up new roles as carers of their families....

  19. Medida da acuidade visual em um shopping center metropolitano Visual acuity measurement in a metropolitan shopping mall population

    Giovanni M. Travi

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de baixa acuidade visual (AV em uma amostra populacional, com um padrão socioeconômico diferenciado. Métodos: Realizou-se estudo de prevalência, sendo verificada a AV de 213 voluntários examinados em um posto no interior de um shopping center em Porto Alegre, por meio do aparelho Ortho-Rater, da Bausch & Lomb. Foi medida a AV para longe em todos os indivíduos e naqueles com 40 anos ou mais, a AV para perto, ambos sem e com correção. Determinou-se como baixa AV, aquela inferior a 10 (equivalente a 20/20 na Tabela de Snellen. Resultados: A idade variou de 6 a 75 anos, com uma média ± desvio-padrão de 27,8 ± 15,16 anos, pertencendo a maioria dos examinados à faixa entre 10 e 40 anos. Encontrou-se uma prevalência de 38,7% (IC 95%: 32,1-45,7 de baixa AV para longe nos dois olhos. 24,9% (IC 95%: 19,2-31,3 apresentavam déficit visual binocular e não faziam uso de correção. Para perto, observou-se que 70,8% (IC 95%: 55,9-83 dos indivíduos testados apresentaram déficit visual binocular sem correção e 41,7% (IC 95%: 27,6-56,8 apresentaram baixa AV independente do uso de correção. Conclusão: Este estudo demonstrou que existe considerável parcela da população com déficit visual, necessitando de avaliação e manejo adequados. Conclui-se que programas de medida da AV e orientação sobre saúde ocular são importantes em qualquer ambiente e atingindo diferentes classes socioeconômicas.Purpose: To determine the prevalence of low visual acuity (VA in a populational sample, with a differentiated social pattern. Methods: This was a prevalence study, in which the 213 volunteers' VA, examined in a shopping mall in Porto Alegre, was verified through the Ortho-Rater device, from Bausch & Lomb. Far sight VA was measured in all the individuals and in those who were 40 years old or older, near sight VA, both of them without and with correction. VA was considered low when it was less than 10 (equivalent

  20. Example of garbage recycling. Pt. 1. On-site energy recovery by microbial treatment of garbage at a shopping mall; Namagomi recycle jirei. 1. Tenpo deno namagomi recycle

    Goto, M.; Tatara, M.; Togo, Y. [Kajima Technical Research Institute, Tokyo (Japan)

    2000-08-05

    A total treatment and energy recovery system for garbage was developed, and has been installed at 2 large-scale shopping malls. The system consists of garbage separation-pretreatment process, thermophilic methane fermentation process, biogas utilization process and secondary treatment system for fermentation effluent. Operational data of the past 2.5 years indicate that the system produces ca. 210 {approx} 240 m{sup 3} of biogas (ca. 66 % methane content) per 1,000 kg garbage treated per day, which is used as a hotwater boiler fuel on the sites. A demonstration project on fuel cell power generation by using the biogas has also been successfully conducted in a pilot-scale garbage treatment system. (author)

  1. AVM ÇEVRESİNİN AVM İMAJI ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİSİ: MÜŞTERİ DUYGULARI VE ALGILANAN KALİTENİN ROLÜ HAZCI VE FAYDACI ALIŞ-VERİŞ DEĞERLERİ ARASINDAKİ FARKLILIKLAR - THE EFFECT OF MALL ENVIRONMENT ON MALL IMAGE: THE MEDIATING ROLE OF CUSTOMER EMOTIONS AND PERCEIVED Q

    Sertaç ÇİFCİ

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Özet:Tüketicilerin AVM’lere yönelik ilgisi; ulaşım,mağazaları toplu bir şekilde bulabilme ve sosyal-kültürelaktiviteler gibi nedenlerden dolayı giderek artmaktadır.Tüketicilerin tercihlerinde ön plana çıkmak isteyen AVM’leriçin en önemli kaynaklardan birisi de AVM imajıdır. Buçalışmada, AVM çevresinin, AVM imajı üzerindeki etkisiincelenmeye çalışılmıştır ve AVM çevresinin imaj üzerindekietkisinde, algılanan kalite ve müşteri duygularının ara rolleriele alınmıştır. Buna ek olarak, hazcı/faydacı alış-verişdeğerlerine göre imaj, kalite algılamaları ve müşteri duygularıaçısında farklılıklar incelenmiştir. Çalışma bulgularında,AVM çevresini oluşturan sosyal, tasarım ve ortamfaktörlerinin, müşteri duyguları üzerinde olumlu etkisininolduğu saptanmıştır. Müşteri duygularından uyarılmaduygusu zevk duygusunu, zevk duygusu da algılanan kaliteyiolumlu yönde etkilemektedir. Algılanan kalitenin de, AVMimaj algılamaları üzerinde etkisi vardır. Bunlara ek olarak,alış-veriş değerlerine göre imaj, kalite algılamaları ve müşteriduyguları farklılık göstermektedir. Hazcı alış-veriş değerinesahip bireyler, faydacı bireylere kıyasla, daha yüksek uyarılmave zevk duygusu ile, kalite ve imaj algılamalarına sahiptirler.Abstract:Different reasons like transportation, availability ofcollective shops and presence of social-cultural activities hasincreased the interest of consumers in malls. The mall image isan important source of advantage for the malls which want tobe most preferred by customers. This study investigates theimpact of mall environment on mall image by using customeremotions and perceived quality as mediating variables. Resultsshowed that social, design and atmospheric factors of the mallenvironment has positive impact on customers’ emotions. Thearousal emotion of shoppers has positive influence on theirpleasure emotion, which in turn has

  2. An Empirical Study Of Using New Technology like NFC, AI, RFID etc. to be implemented in shopping malls in ajmer : To Ease Out The Customer Shopping Experience Like Queue Less And Cashless Payment Mode

    Dimple,; Jyoti Kushwah; Manisha Tak; Neeharika singh; Dr. Ajay Singh Jethoo; Vijay Laxmi Kalyani

    2017-01-01

    In today’s world due to rapid development of new shopping trend. The retailers launches new technologies for new shopping trend. In today scenario every people are busy. When we are talking about shopping from stores, shopping malls etc., the customers waiting in queue for long time for payment process. This is a problematic conditions for customers. The traditional shopping trend consuming more time of customers during shopping. To remove this problem many retailers are focussing that how to...

  3. Espacios genéricos y apropiaciones sociales en centros comerciales: El caso del Mall Plaza del Trébol en el área metropolitana de Concepción, 1994-2012

    Aarón Napadensky

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available La narrativa académica, global y latinoamericana, expone al shopping mall y su proliferación, como parte de una emergente y genérica pseudo-ciudad; fortificaciones elitistas, socialmente homogéneas y privatizadoras del espacio público, no-lugares estériles en la producción de sociabilidades y contención de lo urbano. Sin embargo, también están quienes plantean estos lugares como espacios de oportunidad destacando la existencia de fenómenos de transposición de actividades sociales desde la ciudad tradicional a estos posmodernos escenarios. Pues bien, la presente investigación expone y discute las discursivas predominantes mediante un análisis cuantitativo y cualitativo del primer shopping mall construido fuera de la capital, el Mall Plaza del Trébol (1994 de Concepción, Chile; afirmando que, bajo los procesos de apropiación y transformación morfológico-programática, los centros comerciales de nuevo cuño no siempre son estériles en lo urbano. Incluso que, más allá de los procesos de transposición identificados, están siendo espacios de soporte para la producción de nuevas sociabilidades por parte de comunidades de intereses emergentes y transespaciales.

  4. Mobile Applications for Participation at the Shopping Mall: Content Analysis and Usability for Persons with Physical Disabilities and Communication or Cognitive Limitations

    Claudine Auger

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this exploratory study was to determine the important features in content and usability of existing mobile applications evaluating environmental barriers and facilitators (EBF to participation for persons with physical disabilities presenting mild communication or cognitive limitations. A rigorous process based on a user-centered design approach led to the identification of two relevant mobile applications to evaluate the EBF. An accessibility expert, the research team as well as five users then tested the mobile applications in a shopping mall. A thematic content analysis of the research team’s and users’ comments established 10 categories of key features that adequately respond to the needs of the clientele targeted in this study. In terms of content, granularity and contextualization of the information provided were considered important. With respect to usability, relevant features were place finding, rating system, presentation of results, compatibility, user-friendliness, aesthetics, credibility of the information as well as connectivity/interactiveness. The research team and the users agreed on some aspects such as aesthetics, but had different perspectives on features such as the rating system or the connectivity/interactiveness of the application. The users proposed new features suggesting that the existing mobile applications did not correspond to all their needs.

  5. Mobile applications for participation at the shopping mall: content analysis and usability for persons with physical disabilities and communication or cognitive limitations.

    Auger, Claudine; Leduc, Emilie; Labbé, Delphine; Guay, Cassioppée; Fillion, Brigitte; Bottari, Carolina; Swaine, Bonnie

    2014-12-01

    The aim of this exploratory study was to determine the important features in content and usability of existing mobile applications evaluating environmental barriers and facilitators (EBF) to participation for persons with physical disabilities presenting mild communication or cognitive limitations. A rigorous process based on a user-centered design approach led to the identification of two relevant mobile applications to evaluate the EBF. An accessibility expert, the research team as well as five users then tested the mobile applications in a shopping mall. A thematic content analysis of the research team's and users' comments established 10 categories of key features that adequately respond to the needs of the clientele targeted in this study. In terms of content, granularity and contextualization of the information provided were considered important. With respect to usability, relevant features were place finding, rating system, presentation of results, compatibility, user-friendliness, aesthetics, credibility of the information as well as connectivity/interactiveness. The research team and the users agreed on some aspects such as aesthetics, but had different perspectives on features such as the rating system or the connectivity/interactiveness of the application. The users proposed new features suggesting that the existing mobile applications did not correspond to all their needs.

  6. Philanthropie, évergétisme ou philotimie. Les Lamsam et les Chearavanont, familles d’entrepreneurs sino-thaïlandais Philanthropy, Evergetism and Philotimia. On Two Thai-Chinese Business Families: the Lamsam and the Chearavanont

    Jean Baffie

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available La philanthropie semble avoir en Asie suscité un net engouement ces dernières décennies. En Thaïlande toutefois, ces largesses financières à l’égard des œuvres du bouddhisme ou des fondations patronnées par la famille royale ne sont pas toujours l’illustration d’un total désintéressement. En effet, en contrepartie de cette générosité bien orientée, le donateur peut espérer recevoir – voire réclamer – une des multiples décorations officiellement attribuées par le souverain. Lorsque le donateur est une donatrice, certaines médailles donnent droit à des titres placés dorénavant devant le prénom qui ont pour effet de distinguer une nouvelle noblesse. Cette ferveur pour les décorations a pu entraîner dans le passé des phénomènes de corruption de la part de hauts responsables de monastères bouddhiques habilités à délivrer des certificats de donations. Au lieu de réelle philanthropie ou même d’évergétisme à la mode antique, c’est bien de course aux honneurs ou philotimie qu’il convient ici de parler.We can at times talk of a craze for philanthropy in Asia. However, in Thailand, that financial liberality for Buddhism charitable works or the plethora of foundations patronized by members of the royal family are not always a proof a perfect unselfishness. Actually, in return for this well connected generosity, the donator expects to receive—or even ask for—one of numerous decorations officially bestowed by the king. Even, in the case of the donator being a woman, some of these medals of higher ranks have for effect that therefore a special title is positioned ahead of the personal name just like if it was to create a new kind of nobility. In the past, that enthusiasm for royal decorations has generated cases of corruption by some high-level monastery hierarchy empowered for the delivery of donation certificates. Instead of true philanthropy or even antic style evergetism, we should talk here of

  7. Voix off narratives, du texte à l’écran. Les processus d’adaptation dans deux films de Louis Malle

    Paola Palma

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available L’article analyse le rôle et l’emploi de la voix off dans deux films de Louis Malle : Ascenseur pour l’échafaud (1957 et Le Feu follet (1963, tous deux adaptés d’un roman. Il se concentre notamment sur l’analyse narratologique de la présence de la voix off dans le film, en tenant compte du travail de mise en scène, mais aussi des documents relatifs à l’élaboration du scénario afin de reconstituer le processus d’introduction des éléments off dès la phase d’écriture. Dans Ascenseur pour l’échafaud (1957, on constate l’utilisation récurrente de la « pensée off » d’un personnage féminin créé spécialement pour le film, dont la fonction s’avère être surtout de permettre une caractérisation du personnage masculin. Dans Le Feu follet (1963, l’emploi – atypique parce qu’asynchronique – d’une voix off de commentaire permet d’établir un point de contact avec le roman de Drieu La Rochelle, mais surtout de faire passer dans le film l’inéluctabilité essentielle de l’histoire du protagoniste. Dans les deux films, il apparaît que l’emploi de la voix off contribue à l’élaboration de la narration et constitue un instrument intéressant de « raccord » entre le livre et l’œuvre cinématographique.L’articolo analizza l’impiego e il ruolo della voice-off all’interno di due film di Louis Malle: Ascenseur pour l’échafaud (1957 e Le Feu follet (1963, entrambi frutto dell’adattamento da un romanzo. Si è privilegiata l’analisi narratologica della presenza della voice-off e si è tenuto conto delle note di lavorazione del regista e dei documenti relativi all’elaborazione delle sceneggiature, per ricostruire il processo di introduzione degli elementi off già in fase di scrittura. In Ascenseur pour l’échafaud (1957 si assiste all’utilizzo ricorrente del « pensiero off » di un personaggio femminile creato appositamente per lo schermo, la cui funzione risulta essere

  8. The impact of ultra-brief chest compression-only CPR video training on responsiveness, compression rate, and hands-off time interval among bystanders in a shopping mall.

    Panchal, Ashish R; Meziab, Omar; Stolz, Uwe; Anderson, Wes; Bartlett, Mitchell; Spaite, Daniel W; Bobrow, Bentley J; Kern, Karl B

    2014-09-01

    Recent studies have demonstrated higher-quality chest compressions (CCs) following a 60 s ultra-brief video (UBV) on compression-only CPR (CO-CPR). However, the effectiveness of UBVs as a CPR-teaching tool for lay bystanders in public venues remains unknown. Determine whether an UBV is effective in teaching laypersons CO-CPR in a public setting and if viewing leads to superior responsiveness and CPR skills. Adult lay bystanders were enrolled in a public shopping mall and randomized to: (1) Control (CTR): sat idle for 60 s; (2) UBV: watched a 60 s UBV on CO-CPR. Subjects were read a scenario detailing a sudden collapse in the mall and asked to do what they "thought was best" on a mannequin. Performance measures were recorded for 2 min: responsiveness (time to call 911 and first CCs) and CPR quality [CC depth, rate, hands-off interval (time without CC after first CC)]. One hundred subjects were enrolled. Demographics were similar between groups. UBV subjects called 911 more frequently (percent difference: 31%) and initiated CCs sooner in the arrest scenario (median difference (MD): 5 s). UBV cohort had increased CC rate (MD: 19 cpm) and decreased hands-off interval (MD: 27 s). There was no difference in CC depth. Bystanders with UBV training in a shopping mall had significantly improved responsiveness, CC rate, and decreased hands-off interval. Given the short length of training, UBV may have potential as a ubiquitous intervention for public venues to help improve bystander reaction to arrest and CO-CPR performance. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

  9. Shopping Malls - ShoppingCenters

    NSGIC Local Govt | GIS Inventory — Collected from a variety of sources both commercial and internal, this layer represents shopping center locations within Volusia County and is maintained by the...

  10. L’investiture du 44e président des Etats-Unis :Le National Mall, le village global et le Green New Deal

    Cynthia Ghorra-Gobin

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Ce texte sur les Etats-Unis est le dernier article d’une série de trois rédigés au fur et à mesure des événements à l’occasion de la 56e élection présidentielle qui a marqué l’avènement du 44e président, Barack Obama. Le premier article (juin 2008, « Un événement révélateur des mutations de la société américaine » soulignait l’originalité du sénateur candidat Obama à l’élection présidentielle de 2008 en raison de son parcours personnel face à son rival McCain. Le deuxième article (novembre 2008 « Le regard des Américains dans un contexte mondial incertain », mettait en évidence les valeurs symboliques véhiculées par le futur président Obama dans une société qui avait choisi de clore son histoire raciale. Ce troisième article s’appuyant principalement sur les images de la cérémonie d’investiture du 20 janvier 2009, le discours du président Obama et quelques commentaires des médias rend compte du sentiment de joie et de fierté d’un peuple en dépit d’une prise de conscience de la gravité d’une crise financière et économique (sans oublier les deux guerres en cours. Il illustre le choix du président en faveur d’une politique a priori en rupture avec celle de l’administration précédente en prenant l’exemple du changement climatique. Toutefois il s’interroge sur la pertinence de l’expression  « Green New Deal »  avancée par les médias en dehors de toute référence à la notion d’empreinte écologique et d’un regard réflexif sur l’American Way of Life.  This third article mainly based on the images of the inauguration ceremony (January 20th, on the president Obama’s discourse and on a few comments made by the media, describes the feeling of happiness and prideness as expressed by the American people on the National Mall in spite of the seriousness of the financial and economic crises (besides two wars. It also illustrates the choice of a president

  11. Temporal and spatial variations of patches, corridors and matrix in humid soil (mallín in the mid-west of the province of Neuquén

    Ricardo Gandullo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Natural processes, like human activities, change the landscape. This reality is somehow related to humid soils (mallines in Patagonia. The mallines are important natural ecosystems that provide forage to extensive animal husbandry. They represent 4 of the Patagonic surface. The wet and dry periods modify the hydrologic dynamics of the mallín, producing an effect on the evolution of patches, corridors and matrix, which worsens with the anthropic activity. In a temporal sequence, the habitat fragmentation can be observed, i.e. in the variation and size of the number of patches, their shape, connectivity and isolation, which together with other factors affect the numerous ecological processes. Knowledge of the temporal and spatial dynamics of the patches, corridors and matrix between wet and dry periods in humid soils allows for the planning of the use of the vegetation resources, since the spatial standards strongly control their movements, flows and changes.

  12. Association of Emotional Labor and Occupational Stressors with Depressive Symptoms among Women Sales Workers at a Clothing Shopping Mall in the Republic of Korea: A Cross-Sectional Study.

    Chung, Yuh-Jin; Jung, Woo-Chul; Kim, Hyunjoo; Cho, Seong-Sik

    2017-11-23

    In the distribution service industry, sales people often experience multiple occupational stressors such as excessive emotional labor, workplace mistreatment, and job insecurity. The present study aimed to explore the associations of these stressors with depressive symptoms among women sales workers at a clothing shopping mall in Korea. A cross sectional study was conducted on 583 women who consist of clothing sales workers and manual workers using a structured questionnaire to assess demographic factors, occupational stressors, and depressive symptoms. Multiple regression analyses were performed to explore the association of these stressors with depressive symptoms. Scores for job stress subscales such as job demand, job control, and job insecurity were higher among sales workers than among manual workers ( p support was also observed in this model (sβ = -0.09, p = 0.02). The multiple regression analysis stratified by occupation showed that job demand, job insecurity, and workplace mistreatment were significantly associated with depressive symptoms in both occupations ( p support (sβ = -0.22, p women sales workers to prevent depressive symptoms. In particular, promoting social support could be the most effective way to promote women sales workers' mental health.

  13. Prácticas culturales y lecturas simbólicas de jóvenes en los Malls de ciudades de Colombia y Venezuela. Reflexiones para la democratización de la cultura

    Bohórquez Pereira, Giovanni

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de investigaciones sociales realizadas en ciudades capitales de Colombia y Venezuela, se presenta el análisis y efectos de las relaciones que tienen los jóvenes con los espacios urbanos representados en centros comerciales y plazas públicas. Además de exponer los procesos metodológicos, resultados y puntos comunes, se hace un análisis de los cambios que la dinámica cultural ha tenido como resultado del incremento globalizador y hegemónico. Lo hallado permite confirmar la relación existente entre los jóvenes, los espacios urbanos y sus prácticas culturales. Se hace la invitación a proponer alternativas en las cuales los malls den espacio a otras expresiones culturales y motivar a los jóvenes a exigir a los mandatarios locales y regionales políticas públicas para ellos y los bienes y servicios culturales, pero sobre todo a activar el proyecto democratizador propuesto por Canclini et al (2010. Las investigaciones de Bermúdez (2010 en Maracaibo-Venezuela, y de Bohórquez, López y Suárez (2014 en Bucaramanga-Colombia, sirvieron de base para esta reflexión.

  14. ALIŞVERİŞ MERKEZLERİNİN ve SÜPER MARKET ZİNCİRLERİNİN YEREL GİRİŞİMCİLERE ETKİSİNİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ: SAMSUN ÖRNEĞİ - SHOPPING MALLS AND SUPER MARKET CHAINS EVALUATION OF THE EFFECT OF LOCAL ENTREPRENEURS: THE CASE OF SAMSUN

    Ayça Can KIRGIZ

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available ÖzetAlışveriş merkezleri, insanlık tarihinde organize toplum yaşantısının oluşmaya başlaması ve güncel pazarlama yaklaşımlarının gelişmesiyle birlikte çeşitli biçim ve türlerde kendiliğinden ortaya çıkmış kompleks yapılardır. Temeli kapalı çarşı modellerine dayanan alışveriş merkezleri günümüzde tüketicilerin tercih ettikleri yapılar olmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, popüler kültürün bir parçası haline gelen ve hızla yayılan alışveriş merkezleri ve süper market zincirlerinin yerel girişimciler açısından olumlu ve olumsuz etkileri sundukları hizmetler açısından, sosyal ve kültürel imkanlar, rekabet, satış maliyetleri ve satış imkanları açısından teoriye bağlı kalarak tartışılmıştır. Samsun bölgesi merkez alınarak bu bölgede rastgele seçilmiş yerel girişimcilere “Alışveriş Merkezlerinin Yerel Girişimcilere Olumlu ve Olumsuz” etkileri ile ilgili derinlemesine mülakat yapılmıştır. Elde edilen veriler doğrultusunda yerel girişimciler ve alışveriş merkezleri/süper market zincirleri arasındaki ölümcül rekabet değerlendirilmiş ve çözüm önerilerinde bulunulmuştur.AbstractShopping malls are self-generated complex structures in various forms and types due to the emergence of organized communal life in the history of mankind and the development of recent marketing approaches. Based on the models of covered markets, shopping malls have become structures preferred by consumers at the present time. In this study, the positive and negative impacts of shopping malls and supermarket chains, each of which has become a part of popular culture and spreads like wildfire, on local entrepreneurs have been discussed on the basis of theoryrelated to social and cultural aspects, competition, sales costs and sales opportunities in terms of services rendered by shopping malls. As Samsun being placed in the center, randomly selected local entrepreneurs are

  15. Dynamics of Population on the Verge of Extinction

    Oborny, B.; Meszena, G.; Szabo, G.

    2005-01-01

    Theoretical considerations suggest that extinction in dispersal-limited populations is necessarily a threshold-like process that is analogous to a critical phase transition in physics. We use this analogy to find robust, common features in the dynamics of extinctions, and suggest early warning signals which may indicate that a population is endangered. As the critical threshold of extinction is approached, the population spontaneously fragments into discrete subpopulations and, consequently, ...

  16. EU constitution on verge of collapse / Jitendra Joshi

    Joshi, Jitendra

    2003-01-01

    EL-i välisministrite kohtumisel Napolis püüti leida lahendusi teravatele erimeelsustele põhiseaduslikus leppes ning jõuti ka põhimõttelisele konsensusele, et ühenduse iga riik peab olema Euroopa Komisjonis esindatud

  17. Verge and Foliot Clock Escapement: A Simple Dynamical System

    Denny, Mark

    2010-01-01

    The earliest mechanical clocks appeared in Europe in the 13th century. From about 1250 CE to 1670 CE, these simple clocks consisted of a weight suspended from a rope or chain that was wrapped around a horizontal axle. To tell time, the weight must fall with a slow uniform speed, but, under the action of gravity alone, such a suspended weight would…

  18. Amputation Totale de La Verge: A Propos de Trois Observations

    Kimassoum Rimtebaye

    2015-03-01

    Conclusion: qu’elle soit d’origine criminelle ou psychogène, l’amputation totale du pénis est rarissime. Les conséquences sont urinaires, sexuelles et psychogènes. La prise en charge doit être multidisciplinaire.

  19. Lattelecom "deal of century" on verge of annulment

    2007-01-01

    Läti majandusministri kohusetäitja Gaidis Berzins teatas Lattelecomi juhatuse esimehele Nils Melngailisele, et tema töölepingut ei pikendata. Asjaolu pidurdab Lattelecomi erastamist investeerimisfirmale Blackstone Group ja Lattelecomi töötajatele

  20. X-ray was on the verge of discovery

    Vuoria, P.

    1995-01-01

    It is no coincidence that x-radiation was discovered in the late 19th century. Electrical phenomena were under vigorous study at the time. It was a heyday for universities; natural sciences advanced rapidly, and the increasing wealth in society sped up research in various fields. If Roentgen had not discovered the x-rays, some other researcher would certainly have found them around the same time. People were enthralled by x-rays, and the general climate in the early years did not favour advocating for radiation protection, even though a hundred years ago it was already recognised that radiation also poses a risk to health. In addition to improved knowledge and advanced technology, more efficient control measures by the authorities have also helped to improve radiation protection gradually. Study of the damage to health caused by the atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki has substantially enhanced the body of knowledge on radiation protection. The whole spectrum of electromagnetic radiation has gradually opened up to researchers. The effects of rays on the body vary greatly, depending on their wavelength. Considerable amounts of x- radiation have also been detected in space. The effects of these x-rays on people are mostly eliminated by the atmosphere. When radiation is used safely, a carefully conducted x-ray examination always has far more advantages than disadvantages. Nowadays it is also possible to utilise contrast mediums and magnetic imaging. Magnetic fields and the radio-frequency waves used in magnetic imaging have not been found to cause any permanent damage to the body. It may well be that in future magnetic imaging will replace all x-ray examinations. (orig.) (2 figs.)

  1. Fog harvesting on the verge of economic competitiveness

    Tiedemann, K. J.; Lummerich, A.

    2010-07-01

    Water scarcity is the bottleneck for agriculture and development of Peru’s coast and subject to aggravation due to climate change. Until present day, Peru’s coast in general and the Lima Metropolitan Area (LMA) in particular have enjoyed to a great extend the effect of the country’s high altitude glaciers that serve as a buffer for the capital’s water demand during the highland dry season. However, climate models predict the disappearance of this buffer system below 5.500 masl by 2015, leaving one of the driest places on earth with yet another decrease in freshwater supply (Zapata 2008). The deviation of water resources from the highlands has led already to allocation conflicts. Peru is in urgent need of new concepts for water management. Fog harvesting was introduced to South America in the 1980s and has since been implemented at various locations in North and Central America, Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia. The Standard Fog Collector (SFC) as described by Schemenauer and Cereceda (1994) has proven to be a successful instrument for this purpose. Apart from a number of small scale investigations, the design of the collector has barely been changed over the past three decades (e.g. Gioda et al. 1993). Within the framework of the presented project, financed primarily by the Global Exploration Fund of the National Geographic Society and Bayer AG, new fog collectors were designed at pilot and full scale. Best results in terms of simplicity of construction and water yield were obtained by a metal frame structure called Eiffel. While covering the same amount of space as an SFC and using the same Raschel 65% shadow net, the Eiffel collector harvested up to 2.650 liters of water within a frame of 8x4m compared to up to 600 liters of water harvested by a SFC at the same location. In combination with a simplified maintenance concept, our collectors present an economically competitive alternative to water supply by truck delivery in a region that is not likely to be connected to a centralized water supply system within the next two decades. At the given water price and a given location, we calculate a break-even point after 8-9 years following the investment.

  2. Second Life: neuer Markt oder vergänglicher Hype?

    Müller, Saskia; Koschate, Anne-Christin

    2008-01-01

    "Second Life ist eine von der kalifornischen IT-Firma Linden Lab im Jahr 2003 entwickelte virtuelle Welt, die einige namhafte Unternehmen als Plattform zur Imagesteigerung und als neuen Zugang zu ihren Kunden entdeckt haben. Der vorliegende Artikel nimmt eine kritische Analyse der dort entstehenden Ökonomie vor. Dazu werden die Ziele untersucht, die die Unternehmen mit einer Präsenz in Second Life verfolgen und bestehende Geschäftsmodelle vorgestellt. Hiernach werden die Bekanntheit, das Nutz...

  3. Verge of Collapse: The Pros/thesis of Art Research

    Garoian, Charles R.

    2008-01-01

    This article explores "prosthesis" as a metaphor of embodiment in art-based research to challenge the utopian myth of wholeness and normality in art and the human body. Bearing in mind the correspondences between amputated bodies and the cultural dislocations of art, I propose "prosthetic epistemology" and "prosthetic ontology" as embodied knowing…

  4. On the verge of an astronomy CubeSat revolution

    Shkolnik, Evgenya L.

    2018-05-01

    CubeSats are small satellites built in standard sizes and form factors, which have been growing in popularity but have thus far been largely ignored within the field of astronomy. When deployed as space-based telescopes, they enable science experiments not possible with existing or planned large space missions, filling several key gaps in astronomical research. Unlike expensive and highly sought after space telescopes such as the Hubble Space Telescope, whose time must be shared among many instruments and science programs, CubeSats can monitor sources for weeks or months at time, and at wavelengths not accessible from the ground such as the ultraviolet, far-infrared and low-frequency radio. Science cases for CubeSats being developed now include a wide variety of astrophysical experiments, including exoplanets, stars, black holes and radio transients. Achieving high-impact astronomical research with CubeSats is becoming increasingly feasible with advances in technologies such as precision pointing, compact sensitive detectors and the miniaturization of propulsion systems. CubeSats may also pair with the large space- and ground-based telescopes to provide complementary data to better explain the physical processes observed.

  5. A Living Military System On The Verge of Annihilation

    Abb, Madelfia

    2000-01-01

    ... organization is a living system. Recognizing the parallels between a living system and a military system's need to survive and prosper within an environment full of positive and inimical changes, this study explores the world...

  6. Association of Emotional Labor and Occupational Stressors with Depressive Symptoms among Women Sales Workers at a Clothing Shopping Mall in the Republic of Korea: A Cross-Sectional Study

    Yuh-Jin Chung

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In the distribution service industry, sales people often experience multiple occupational stressors such as excessive emotional labor, workplace mistreatment, and job insecurity. The present study aimed to explore the associations of these stressors with depressive symptoms among women sales workers at a clothing shopping mall in Korea. A cross sectional study was conducted on 583 women who consist of clothing sales workers and manual workers using a structured questionnaire to assess demographic factors, occupational stressors, and depressive symptoms. Multiple regression analyses were performed to explore the association of these stressors with depressive symptoms. Scores for job stress subscales such as job demand, job control, and job insecurity were higher among sales workers than among manual workers (p < 0.01. The multiple regression analysis revealed the association between occupation and depressive symptoms after controlling for age, educational level, cohabiting status, and occupational stressors (sβ = 0.08, p = 0.04. A significant interaction effect between occupation and social support was also observed in this model (sβ = −0.09, p = 0.02. The multiple regression analysis stratified by occupation showed that job demand, job insecurity, and workplace mistreatment were significantly associated with depressive symptoms in both occupations (p < 0.05, although the strength of statistical associations were slightly different. We found negative associations of social support (sβ = −0.22, p < 0.01 and emotional effort (sβ = −0.17, p < 0.01 with depressive symptoms in another multiple regression model for sales workers. Emotional dissonance (sβ = 0.23, p < 0.01 showed positive association with depressive symptoms in this model. The result of this study indicated that reducing occupational stressors would be effective for women sales workers to prevent depressive symptoms. In particular, promoting social support could be the most

  7. Internetiteenuse pakkujate vastutuse välistamisest autoriõiguse rikkumistes : [magistritöö] / Erik Mandre ; Akadeemia Nord, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Tanel Kalmet

    Mandre, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Internet ja failivahetuskeskkonnad ning internetiteenuste pakkujate õiguslik staatus, vastutus, autoriõiguse kaitse internetis, internetiteenuste pakkujate vastutuse välistamise õiguslik regulatsioon Ameerika Ühendriikides ja Eestis

  8. 2491-IJBCS-Article-Mallé Gueye

    admin

    ABSTRACT. The biological invasion of ponds by Mimosa pigra has been an increasing threat in Niokolo Koba. National Park for the past years. This study aims at comparing the Nianaka ...... très acides puisque entrant dans la gamme de. pH compris entre 3,5 et 5 (Baize, 1988). En effet, ce paramètre semble renseigner sur ...

  9. Jõulukuusest saab Stroomi rannas skulptuur / Malle Pajula

    Pajula, Malle, 1971-

    2002-01-01

    Tuleskulptuuri seavad kokku rootsi kunstnikud Gunnar Carl Nilsson ja Ola Öhlin, kes Rootsis asutasid tuleskulptorite seltsi. Tuleskulptuure teevad ka eesti kunstnikud ja üliõpilased. Süüdatakse 14. jaanuaril

  10. ORC-mall scale power plant

    Jokinen, T. [Helsinki Univ. of Technology, Otaniemi (Finland). Lab. of Electromechanics

    1998-12-31

    In the conversion of low temperature heat into electricity, the greatest efficiency is obtained by using a Rankine cycle. The Organic Rankine cycle (ORC) is a Rankine cycle where an organic fluid is used instead of water as the working fluid. In the conventional ORC-solution, an axial turbine drives a standard generator through a high-speed gearbox. The system includes a separate feed pump, vacuum pump, lubrication system and requires several saft seals. The seals of the turbine have a limited working life in particular due to the high speed required. Thus, the entire present conventional ORC-plant is rather complicated and requires maintenance. To avoid these problems, a project was initiated at the Lappeenranta University of Technology to develop a high-speed, process fluid lubricated turbogenerator-feed pump as the prime mover of the ORC. The project has been continued in co-operation with the Helsinki University of Technology under the NEMO 2 program, the main goal being to build a demonstration power plant and to commercialise the project. The goals of the project were: (1) to model the ORC process, turbogenerator, and inverter, (2) to simulate the power plant in different normal and abnormal states, (3) to assess the advantages and disadvantages of various control systems, (4) to study network disturbances such as voltage and current harmonics and to research ways of reducing these disturbances, (5) to optimise heat exchanging surfaces and process parameters, and (6) to participate in the design of the demonstration power plant

  11. Negocios en la Web, un Mall Virtual.

    Alexis Rocha

    2015-10-01

    The business on the web is aimed at identifying new opportunities and needs that users demand; Moreover, it should establish means of trust, communication and strategies to create a single competitive strength as pioneers in the market, supported by the Internet and web portals for delivering timely, efficient and effective information.

  12. Harimatuse mõrud viljad / Malle Salupere

    Salupere, Malle, 1931-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Virumaa Teataja 11. juuli lk. 11. Autor avaldab arvamust Tõnismäe mälestussamba osas, tema sõnul on viimane aeg revideerida Eestis kinnistunud arusaama, nagu tuleneks Eesti liitmine NSVL-iga ainuüksi MRP-st, mitte samavõrdselt sellele eelnenud Müncheni sobingust ja järgnevatest Teherani-Jalta ning Potsdami salalepetest mõjusfääride jagamiseks

  13. Mall di Central Park Kuala Namu

    Mauliza, Eny

    2016-01-01

    This shopping center is designed in the business district of Kuala Namu Central Park, where there is a hotel and an office in it. This shopping center was built in the area Kualanamu Aerotropolis plan, and the theme is recreation. Application of recreational theme in this shopping center in order to create a special attraction for tourists and people passing through the area this shopping center, causing a desire to visit. The increase in tourists coming to North Sumatra, the ...

  14. It's, Like, Relative Motion at the Mall

    Robinett, R. W.

    2003-03-01

    Almost all introductory textbooks, both algebra- and calculus-based, include sections on relative motion and relative velocity, in both one and two dimensions. The most popular examples in discussions of 2-D relative velocity in such texts seem to be the motion of airplanes/blimps flying in the presence of wind or the conceptually identical cases of boats/rafts piloted across rivers/streams, including the effects of currents. These and similar cases are rather removed from the everyday experience of some students, and the use of simple lecture demonstrations to illustrate these concepts can be quite useful. For example, the motion of a simple toy "wind-up" car moving at constant speed across a horizontal tabletop, with a plastic sheet underneath providing the "moving frame of reference," can illustrate many aspects of such problems, including the need to "point" the plane/boat in an appropriate direction, just as illustrated in many textbook figures. On the other hand, it is also useful if students can directly experience concepts for themselves, especially in a kinesthetic manner, but there are seemingly far fewer human-sized lecture demonstrations on this topic. In this paper, we will point out one such example which might well be just a short drive away.

  15. "Formula Student" / Malle Jürves

    Jürves, Malle, 1950-

    2008-01-01

    Tehnikakõrgkooli ja tehnikaülikooli tudengite 17-liikmeline võiskond osales tänavu suvel Inglismaal Silverstone'i ringrajakompleksis peetaval tootearendusvõistlusel "Formula Student" omaehitatud vormelautoga

  16. College in Paradise! (Paradise Valley Shopping Mall).

    Schoolland, Lucile B.

    Rio Salado Community College (RSCC), a non-campus college within the Maricopa Community College District, offers hundreds of day, late afternoon, and evening classes at locations throughout the county. The Paradise Valley community had always participated heavily in the evening classes offered by RSCC at local high schools. In fall 1982, an effort…

  17. Lotmani seminar / Tatjana Stepanishtsheva ; tlk. Mall Jõgi

    Stepaništševa, Tatjana, 1973-

    2007-01-01

    Tartu Ülikoolis vene kirjanduse õppetooli korraldatud iga-aastasest Lotmani seminarist. 2007. aastal tähistati Juri Lotmani 85. sünniaastapäeva, Zara Mintsi 80. sünniaastapäeva ja vene kirjanduse kateedri 60. aastapäeva

  18. Servicio de M-comercio: Sistema de interacción entre un centro comercial y sus visitantes utilizando las tecnologías WAP y Bluetooth M-commerce service: Interaction system between a mall and visitors using WAP and Bluetooth technologies

    Jorge Gómez Rojas

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available El servicio de interacción es un medio de comunicación que mejora las relaciones comerciales entre los centros comerciales y sus visitantes, utilizando las tecnologías de comunicaciones móviles WAP y Bluetooth como una nueva alternativa de negocios, y sin usar la red del operador de telefonía móvil celular. El sistema de interacción mencionado permite el intercambio de información de un grupo potencial de compradores entre los visitantes de un centro comercial y la administración de los diferentes comercios utilizando el teléfono celular. El sistema se compone de una aplicación móvil en J2ME, puntos de acceso Bluetooth y Wi-Fi, un servidor Bluetooth y un servidor Web con aplicaciones para ser accedidas por dispositivos móviles.The interaction service is a means of communication that improves trade relations between the mall and visitors using mobile communications technology WAP and Bluetooth, as a new business alternative, and without operator's network using the mobile phone. The proposed system of interaction, allows the exchange of information from a potential pool of buyers among visitors to a shopping center and the administration of the various shops, through the cell phone. The system consists of a mobile application in J2ME, the access points, Bluetooth server, and Web server with applications to mobile devices.

  19. Malles pédagogiques itinérantes « les grands singes et leur habitat »: parcours et premières évaluations de l’impact du projet en Ouganda et au Gabon Educative kits « great apes and their habitat » : itinerary and impact evaluation of the project in Uganda and in Gabon

    Helena Nambogwe

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Un programme de sensibilisation sur les grands singes et les forêts tropicales a été conçu en partenariat entre le « Projet pour la conservation des Grands Singes », le Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, l’UNESCO et la Coopération Française. Il s’appuie sur la circulation de malles pédagogiques d’un volume d’environ 1m3 contenant des outils ludiques et didactiques présentés par des animateurs locaux. Après une année de circulation de la malle dans les écoles à proximité des zones où vivent les grands singes en Ouganda et au Gabon, près de 15 000 enfants ont pris part à ce programme. Reçue dans 52 écoles primaires et secondaires en Ouganda, sur un parcours de 1 500 km organisé par le Wildlife Club of Uganda, la malle pédagogique et les animations associées ont permis selon une première étude d’impact d’accroître la motivation des enfants à protéger les grands singes et leur habitat. Au Gabon, le projet, sous l’impulsion du RAPAC, s’est appuyé sur neuf partenaires impliqués dans l’éducation environnementale et a pu être accueilli dans 66 écoles du pays dont certaines situées dans une concession forestière. Dans certaines localités, des données sur la consommation de viande de grands singes ont été collectées. Les sites atteints étaient répartis sur un circuit de 1 500 km. Les perspectives sont d’élargir le programme à d’autres pays de l’aire de répartition des grands singes en y associant des enquêtes socio-économiques et des études d’impact.  The Association « Projet pour la Conservation des Grands Singes » in partnership with MNHN, UNESCO and France Cooperation designed Great Apes kits. The showcases contain a set of entertaining and educative tools and activities explaining forests, ecosystems and great apes presented by national educators. The two first kits have moved in Uganda and Gabon in areas located where great apes occur. 15,000 kids from remote

  20. [Diabetes mellitus and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: The verges of contingency].

    Bakulin, I G; Sandler, Yu G; Vinnitskaya, E V; Keiyan, V A; Rodionova, S V; Rotin, D L

    To estimate the incidence of hepatic steatosis (HS) and liver fibrosis (LF) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), by applying the noninvasive techniques of liver fibroelastometry (LFE) and a battery of fibrotests (FTs); to determine their diagnostic value and to identify factors influencing the development of LF. A comprehensive examination was made in 82 diabetic patients (mean age, 56.7±12.7 years; p=0.033). The data were statistically evaluated using ROC curve analysis, correlation and single-factor analyses of variance, and multiple logistic regression analysis. FTs and LFE revealed that the DM patients had liver cirrhosis (LC) (METAVIR F4) in 12 (14.6%) and 15 (18.2%) patients, respectively. Those showed clinically significant fibrosis (METAVIR fibrosis stages F2-3) in 19 (23.1%) and 23 (28%) patients, respectively. Varying degrees of HS were present in 79 (96.3%) patients. LFE and FTs demonstrated comparable results in detecting LC (the area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUROC), 0.83 and 0.81, respectively). The development of LF is influenced by factors, such as the degree of HS, obesity, the activity of an inflammatory process, and the level of alanine aminotransferase and α2-macroglobulin. Diabetic patients are at high risk for NAFLD to develop LF and LC. LFE and FTs showed a comparably high accuracy in the diagnosis of LC in patients with DM and these may be used for screening. With allowance made for the existing risk factors of LF and LC, it is necessary to identify groups of patients with DM for further examination and follow-up. Patients who are diagnosed with stage F4 should be examined carefully to evaluate concurrent diseases and to make liver biopsy.

  1. O pensamiento educativo e existencial de Vergílio Ferreira

    Manuel ABELHO CUNHA

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Vergilio Ferreira es uno de los escritores y pensadores más destacados del siglo XX en Portugal. Su pensamiento pedagógico, muy próximo al existencialismo en filosofía, propone una posición pesimista sobre la vida, y el puesto que ocupa la educación.ABSTRACT: Virgilio Ferreira is one of the most important writers and philosophers in Portugal 20th century. His pedagogical thought, very linked to philosophical existencialism, proposes a pessimist position about the life, and the education.

  2. On the verge of shared decision making in Israel: Overview and future directions.

    Karnieli-Miller, Orit; Miron-Shatz, Talya; Siegal, Gil; Zisman-Ilani, Yaara

    2017-06-01

    Israel has a universal-national healthcare system and a progressive health policy legislation which, together, provide its residents with high-level healthcare services and either free or highly subsidized coverage without any pre-existing conditions. However, it is surprising that shared decision making (SDM) practices and policy are not an integral part of Israel's healthcare system. The purpose of this overview is to describe the gap between the organizational-infrastructure compatibility of Israel's universal healthcare policy and the efforts needed to advance SDM as part of routine healthcare practice. Review of recent research and education initiatives will be described as well as recommendations for policy and clinical practice. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier GmbH.

  3. The Algerian gas is on the verge of changing its religion

    El Kadi, I.

    2009-01-01

    Algeria has not forged, during the years 2000, a natural gas 'diplomacy' comparable - by far - to the Russian one. Three obstacles were on its way: first, proved reserves are six time less than those of the top world producer; secondly, its maneuver margin has been for a long time reduced by long term supply contracts (to South Europe essentially); thirdly, Algeria experienced a great political difficulty to define a strategy that could be adapted to the new world context of rarefied energy sources, a context that is clearer since 2003-2004. The author explains the changes that have happened within these three constraint lines since 2008. He notably comments the geopolitical incidence of the end of the long term sale contracts, the role of LNG in the global energy mix, and analyses the Algerian gas production perspectives and the possibility of an agreement between gas producing countries

  4. Mapping brain activity on the verge of a photically induced generalized tonic-clonic seizure

    Moeller, Friederike; Siebner, Hartwig R; Wolff, Stephan

    2009-01-01

    In a photosensitive patient intermittent photic stimulation (IPS) accidentally provoked a generalized tonic-clonic seizure during simultaneous recordings of electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Before seizure onset, IPS consistently induced generalized...

  5. Prise en charge des fractures de verge. A propos de 30 cas ...

    The diagnosis of penile fracture was entirely based on clinical features. The commonest cause of penile fracture was violent sexual intercourse (12 cases). The injury involved unilateral corporeal rupture in all patients with the length of the fracture site varying from 1 to 3 cm. Surgery involved an elective incision on the site of ...

  6. On the verge of a European directive about the internal gas market

    Derosier, B.

    1997-01-01

    The report emphasizes the specific characteristics of the gas market in comparison with the electricity market and, in particular, the high dependence of many Member States on imports, and the very important variety of national situations in Europe which led the writer to review more specifically the situation in the United Kingdom, germany and the Netherlands. Next, the report analyses the legal context into which the proposal for a Directive fits. It notes that Community las is now more attuned to the requirements that allow the accomplishment of missions of general interest. On the basis of this analysis, the report then adopts a position for the maintenance of the public service obligations, for the strict respect of confidentiality of commercial information and, therefore, for the transparency of accounting limited to regulatory bodies, and for an opening up of competition limited to the industrial consumers for whom energy is a factor of their competitiveness. The report is against the granting of eligible consumer status to the distributors, such a question coming under subsidiarity. Finally, it is in favour of negotiated T.P.A. The report would also like the definition of the regulatory authority to come under subsidiary

  7. La violencia de género o los datos de la vergüenza

    Torres Díaz, María Concepción

    2017-01-01

    Artículo de análisis sobre violencia de género. La autora propone reflexionar crítica y colectivamente sobre lo bochornoso de unas cifras que hacen tambalear cualquier sociedad democrática avanzada.

  8. Machine Learning for Healthcare: On the Verge of a Major Shift in Healthcare Epidemiology.

    Wiens, Jenna; Shenoy, Erica S

    2018-01-06

    The increasing availability of electronic health data presents a major opportunity in healthcare for both discovery and practical applications to improve healthcare. However, for healthcare epidemiologists to best use these data, computational techniques that can handle large complex datasets are required. Machine learning (ML), the study of tools and methods for identifying patterns in data, can help. The appropriate application of ML to these data promises to transform patient risk stratification broadly in the field of medicine and especially in infectious diseases. This, in turn, could lead to targeted interventions that reduce the spread of healthcare-associated pathogens. In this review, we begin with an introduction to the basics of ML. We then move on to discuss how ML can transform healthcare epidemiology, providing examples of successful applications. Finally, we present special considerations for those healthcare epidemiologists who want to use and apply ML. © The Author(s) 2017. Published by Oxford University Press for the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For permissions, e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  9. Medicinal formulations of a Kanda tribal healer – a tribe on the verge ...

    Besides medicinal plants, the Kanda healer also used the body hairs of the Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) and bats (Pteropus giganteus giganteus) in one of his formulation for treatment of fever with shivering. The ailments treated by the Kanda healer were fairly common ailments like cuts and wounds, skin diseases, ...

  10. High spin cycles: topping the spin record for a single molecule verging on quantum criticality

    Baniodeh, Amer; Magnani, Nicola; Lan, Yanhua; Buth, Gernot; Anson, Christopher E.; Richter, Johannes; Affronte, Marco; Schnack, Jürgen; Powell, Annie K.

    2018-03-01

    The cyclisation of a short chain into a ring provides fascinating scenarios in terms of transforming a finite array of spins into a quasi-infinite structure. If frustration is present, theory predicts interesting quantum critical points, where the ground state and thus low-temperature properties of a material change drastically upon even a small variation of appropriate external parameters. This can be visualised as achieving a very high and pointed summit where the way down has an infinity of possibilities, which by any parameter change will be rapidly chosen, in order to reach the final ground state. Here we report a mixed 3d/4f cyclic coordination cluster that turns out to be very near or even at such a quantum critical point. It has a ground state spin of S = 60, the largest ever observed for a molecule (120 times that of a single electron). [Fe10Gd10(Me-tea)10(Me-teaH)10(NO3)10].20MeCN forms a nano-torus with alternating gadolinium and iron ions with a nearest neighbour Fe-Gd coupling and a frustrating next-nearest neighbour Fe-Fe coupling. Such a spin arrangement corresponds to a cyclic delta or saw-tooth chain, which can exhibit unusual frustration effects. In the present case, the quantum critical point bears a `flatland' of tens of thousands of energetically degenerate states between which transitions are possible at no energy costs with profound caloric consequences. Entropy-wise the energy flatland translates into the pointed summit overlooking the entropy landscape. Going downhill several target states can be reached depending on the applied physical procedure which offers new prospects for addressability.

  11. The Black of Strei – a Swine Population on the Verge of Extinction in Banat

    Marcel Matiuti

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The Black of Strei swine was declared to be extinct in 1974, but research conducted in 2008-2010 proved that there are still 61 specimens (Black of Strei proper and hybrids in the Hatzeg county and in the Lugoj area. Body measurements have been made in the case of those specimens and they showed that the specimens are a morphoproductive type. The local people appreciate the Black of Strei especially for its fat and bard which are very dry and used in order to obtain the traditional food products in the area. Prolificacy of sows farrowing is an 8 piglets per gestation. This breed is best kept in organic farms. The Black of Strei females are usually cross-bred with wildboar (Sus scrofa ferus males, the hybrids’ meat being very appreciated.

  12. Massive stars on the verge of exploding: the properties of oxygen sequence Wolf-Rayet stars

    Tramper, F.; Straal, S.M.; Sanyal, D.; Sana, H.; de Koter, A.; Gräfener, G.; Langer, N.; Vink, J.S.; de Mink, S.E.; Kaper, L.

    2015-01-01

    Context. Oxygen sequence Wolf-Rayet (WO) stars are a very rare stage in the evolution of massive stars. Their spectra show strong emission lines of helium-burning products, in particular highly ionized carbon and oxygen. The properties of WO stars can be used to provide unique constraints on the

  13. Moral attitudes towards doping – what do athletes on the verge of maturity value?

    H Mroczkowska

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was twofold: a to verify the previously detected regularities in a group of subjects larger than the one employed in a pilot study, and b to define the internal structure of the hierarchy of values that can be squandered as a result of doping. For the study, eighty-nine 16-18-year-old students from the fencing, athletics, martial arts, and football classes of the School of Championship in Sports were recruited. Experimental technique developed by Mroczkowska called “Perception of the risk of doping” was employed to individually rank the highly regarded values (e.g., health, medals won, physical appeal, mental balance, financial bonuses, and social respect that can be lost as a consequence of the use of illegal stimulants. It appears that young athletes would declaratively resign themselves from the loss of a financial bonus rather than from the loss of the social respect and attributes of self-integrity, such as physical and mental health. The detected correlations suggest that the rewarding value of a medal has an internal dimension: it externalizes a sense of self-confidence and confirms high self-esteem. The results indicate that, as perceived by the young, winning a medal with the help of doping is an illusion that does not allow to verify one’s own skills and limitations.

  14. Communities on the Verge of Extinction Meglenoromanians -Between Acculturation and Ethnic Dissolution

    EMIL ŢÎRCOMNICU

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Among Romanian historical communities, two are currently close to ethnic and linguistic assimilation, due to their small number of members, the impossibility of claiming their cultural and linguistic rights, as well as the refusal of Balkan states to protect them. These groups are the Meglenoromanians and Istroromanians. In this study, we make a historical and ethnographic analysis of the small Meglenoromanian community, which was united until the Balkan wars, was split in two through the division of the Meglen land between Greece and the Serbian-Croatian-Slovenian Kingdom (1913, and then split again into two groups through the expulsion of Muslim Meglenoromanians to Turkey (1921 and the colonization of over 2 000 persons from Romania (in the Quadrilater, beginning in 1925, and afterwards in Cerna village, Tulcea county, in 1940.

  15. Is South Africa on the verge of a medical malpractice litigation storm ...

    A healthy tension between the medical and legal professions should lead to an overall improvement in quality of health care, but consideration will need to be given to issues such as specialist courts, alternative means of resolution, claim quantum determination and capping. Although these issues will technically not ...

  16. Readers of Caras y Caretas on the verge of the radical republic

    Di Mare, María Fabiola

    2016-01-01

    Se propone un análisis de la lectura y los lectores de la revista Caras y Caretas durante el año 1916, momento de cambios en el sistema electoral y político de Argentina, en tanto que en ese año se celebra la primera elección presidencial bajo la Ley Sáenz Peña. Se intenta establecer una interpretación de las representaciones que ofrece la revista sobre sus lectores, a objeto de indagar en sus ámbitos de recepción y prácticas de lectura. Roger Chartier (1995, 2005), Néstor García Canclini (19...

  17. Magnetotransport in (Ga,Mn)As on the verge of the single domain model

    Rapp, Christoph; Dreher, Lukas; Daeubler, Joachim; Donhauser, Daniela; Glunk, Michael; Schoch, Wladimir; Schwaiger, Stephan; Sauer, Rolf; Limmer, Wolfgang [Institut fuer Halbleiterphysik, Universitaet Ulm (Germany)

    2009-07-01

    We investigate the limits of the single-domain model in (Ga,Mn)As by performing detailed angle- and field-dependent magnetotransport measurements in samples with differing magnetic anisotropies. For this purpose, a series of (Ga,Mn)As layers with Mn concentrations of {proportional_to}5% was grown by low-temperature molecular-beam epitaxy on relaxed (In,Ga)As/GaAs templates with different In-concentrations, realizing different strain conditions from compressive to tensile. In past investigations we have elucidated the strain dependence of the magnetic anisotropy and of the anisotropic magnetoresistance employing a single-domain model. In order to analyze the break-down of the single-domain model, we now study in detail magnetization reversal processes by sweeping an external magnetic field along selected axes. The magnetic-field sweeps are compared with a series of angle-dependent magnetotransport measurements, carried out at weak external magnetic fields.

  18. Epigenetic Editing : On the Verge of Reprogramming Gene Expression at Will

    Cano-Rodriguez, David; Rots, Marianne G

    2016-01-01

    Genome targeting has quickly developed as one of the most promising fields in science. By using programmable DNA-binding platforms and nucleases, scientists are now able to accurately edit the genome. These DNA-binding tools have recently also been applied to engineer the epigenome for gene

  19. The Evolution of Criminality in Someş County on the Verge of World War II

    GEORGE CRISTIAN SPÎNU

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This article refers to the characteristics and the evolution of criminality in Someş County, Romania, in 1938. The document supporting the analyses in this article is "Activitatea organelor poliţiei judiciare de sub Autoritatea Inspectoratului de Poliţie al Ţinutului Someş pe anul 1938" (The activity of judicial police bodies subordinated to the Someş County Police Inspectorate Authority in 1938". It contains the crimes recorded by the police authorities that year, along with their attempts at classifying them. With respect to the cases presented, they represent "snapshots" of the criminal events recorded by the police.

  20. Not only the butterflies: managing ants on road verges to benefit Phengaris (Maculinea) butterflies

    Wynhoff, I.; Gestel, van R.; Swaay, van C.; Langevelde, van F.

    2011-01-01

    Obligate myrmecophilic butterfly species, such as Phengaris (Maculinea) teleius and P. nausithous, have narrow habitat requirements. Living as a caterpillar in the nests of the ant species Myrmica scabrinodis and M. rubra, respectively, they can only survive on sites with both host ants and the host

  1. A country on the verge of malaria elimination--the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

    Michael Coleman

    Full Text Available Significant headway has been made in the global fight against malaria in the past decade and as more countries enter the elimination phase, attention is now focused on identifying effective strategies to shrink the malaria map. Saudi Arabia experienced an outbreak of malaria in 1998, but is now on the brink of malaria elimination, with just 82 autochthonous cases reported in 2012. A review of published and grey literature was performed to identify the control strategies that have contributed to this achievement. The number of autochthonous malaria cases in Saudi Arabia decreased by 99.8% between 1998 and 2012. The initial steep decline in malaria cases coincided with a rapid scaling up of vector control measures. Incidence continued to be reported at low levels (between 0.01 and 0.1 per 1,000 of the population until the adoption of artesunate plus sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine as first line treatment and the establishment of a regional partnership for a malaria-free Arabian Peninsula, both of which occurred in 2007. Since 2007, incidence has decreased by nearly an order of magnitude. Malaria incidence is now very low, but a high proportion of imported cases, continued potential for autochthonous transmission, and an increased proportion of cases attributable to Plasmodium vivax all present challenges to Saudi Arabia as they work toward elimination by 2015.

  2. "On the Verge of a Renaissance": Arkansas Schools, Curricula, and Teachers during the Great Depression

    Field, Sherry L.; Bauml, Michelle; Bellows, M. Elizabeth

    2014-01-01

    This article is the third in a larger study of schooling during the Great Depression that seeks to elucidate specific examples of elementary social studies teaching and learning in the South during this time, particularly in Arkansas. Responding to Christine Woyshner's (2009) concern that histories of social studies should look beyond national…

  3. "Crossing Borders" ja valmimislootuses Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemia / Malle Maltis

    Maltis, Malle, 1977-

    2010-01-01

    19. - 29. augustini EMTAs toimunud rahvusvahelisest suvekursusest "Crossing Borders in Interpretation of Classical Music and Jazz". Kooli välissuhete prorektor sellest projektist ja muusikaakadeemia juurdeehitusest

  4. Sotsiaalne kapital oma võimsaimas vormis / Mall Hellam

    Hellam, Mall

    2007-01-01

    1996. aastast peale Avatud Eesti Fondi korraldatud avatud ühiskonna foorumite eesmärk on arutleda küsimuste üle, mis on aktuaalsed nii Eesti ühiskonnas kui kogu maailmas. Arutelu sotsiaalsest kapitalist vastab nendele kriteeriumitele - praegusaja Eestis nähakse sotsiaalse kapitali kahanemist ning kodanike demokraatliku meelestatuse langust, need suundumused on omased ka kogu läänemaailmale ning seda enam tuleb üheskoos otsida vastuseid ja lahendusi

  5. A Relevant Lesson: Hitler Goes to the Mall

    Gerwin, David

    2003-01-01

    A "Motivation" eliciting the "Aim" of each lesson initiates each lesson in the orthodox "developmental lesson-plan" that has dominated classroom instruction in NYC public schools for at least the past half-century. An action-research study of 38 lesson-plans (over 5 each from 5 teachers) drawn from student-teaching…

  6. Virtual malls for web commerce: Observations and case study

    Nijholt, Antinus; Linnhoff-Popien, C.; Hegering, H.G.

    2000-01-01

    In the real world there seem to be essential differences between shops, tourist offices, city halls, theatres and museums. However, when we try to design virtual environments allowing services, transactions, explorations and communication, are these environments really that different? Doesn't the

  7. Eesti luksushotellide ristiisa / Michael Stenner ; interv. Malle Koido

    Stenner, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Eesti tipphotelle 1997. aastast juhtinud sakslane, praegu hotellide Kolm Õde ja Telegraaf juht räägib Eesti ja Saksamaa erinevustest, Eesti hotelliärist, teeninduskultuurist ja personalist. Lisa: Kes on Michael Stenner ning kuidas ta Eestisse sattus? Ilmunud ka: Linnaleht : Pärnu, 23. veebr. 2007, lk. 5-6

  8. Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL – A Brief Survey

    Maaruf Ali

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper gives an overview of electronic learning (E-Learning and mobile learning (M-Learning adoption and diffusion trends, as well as their particular traits, characteristics and issues, especially in terms of cross-cultural and universal usability. E-Learning and M-Learning models using web services and cloud computing, as well as associated security concerns are all addressed. The benefits and enhancements that accrue from using mobile and other internet devices for the purposes of learning in academia are discussed. The differences between traditional classroom-based learning, distance learning, E-Learning and M-Learning models are compared and some conclusions are drawn.

  9. Armeenlane Abovjan ja kaks Parrotit : Tartu kuulsad nimed / Malle Salupere

    Salupere, Malle, 1931-

    2009-01-01

    Oktoobri kekskel peeti TÜ aulas konverents-aktus TÜ kasvandiku ja Armeenia rahvavalgustaja Hatšatur Abovjani 200. sünniaastapäeva puhul. Juttu oli ka Johann Jacob Friedrich Wilhelm Parrotist, kes Abovjani Tartusse tõi ja TÜ rektor Georg Friedrich Parrotist

  10. Õppima õppimine ja õppimisoskus / Helle-Mall Kadajas

    Kadajas, Helle-Mall, 1943-

    2000-01-01

    Õppima õppimise seos õppimisoskusega, õppimisoskuse kujundamine. Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli õpetajakoolituse üliõpilaste seas läbi viidud uuringust, millega selgitati nende enesehinnangut õppimisoskusele, mida nad õpetajana õppima õpetamisel oluliseks peavad, nende edukust õppimisel

  11. Eesti e-varamu esimesest etapist / Malle Ermel

    Ermel, Malle, 1949-

    2016-01-01

    Projekti käigus ehitati ja sisustati ka TLÜ Akadeemilise Raamatukogu digiteerimiskeskuse ruumid. E-varamu portaali ja Tallinna Ülikooli Akadeemilise Raamatukogu e-teadusraamatukogu ETERA kaudu on kasutajatele kättesaadavad ka TLÜ AR-i digikogud

  12. Architectural Conceptual Design – the Sustainable Shopping Malls Structures

    Bujar Bajçinovci

    2016-01-01

    Respecting the specific problems of the time, aiming to solve them in a more natural and sustainable way, we positively expect that those results will be a lighter problem for future generations. Global challenges, associated with the development of technology, life style, day to day issues and global world trends, the same design strategy cannot respond to all specific problems faced by contemporary urban issues. The research methods and the study were investigated through literature review,...

  13. Going to the MALL: Mobile Assisted Language Learning

    Chinnery, George M.

    2006-01-01

    Practically since their availability, a succession of audiovisual recording devices (e.g., reel-to-reel, VCRs, PCs) has been used to capture language samples, and myriad playback and broadcast devices (e.g., phonographs, radios, televisions) have provided access to authentic speech samples. The espousal of audiolingual theory in the 1950s brought…

  14. Malls in Zambia: Racialised retail expansion and South African ...

    ANBR

    discourses on urban integration and equitable development and the realty of hard- ... conglomerations, African cities now unevenly mirrored the consumptive ..... (Harvey, 2003: 33-36), entailing large investments in rail and road networks. .... large camps, unlike the small traders who traded from their wagons and operated ...

  15. Aasta 2013 Eesti kolmevõistluses / Malle Einase

    Einaste, Malle

    2013-01-01

    27.-28 juulil Tartumaal Ecu Tallides toimunud harrastajate meistrivõistlustest, 3.-4. augustil Tartumaal Saksa ratsutamiskompleksis toimunud Eesti meistrivõistlustest noortele, noorhobuste tšempionaadist ja Tartu linna lahtistest meistrivõistlustest seenioridele, 23.-25. augustil Järvamaal Koordi tallides toimunud Eesti meistrivõistlustest juunioridele, seenioridele ja poniklassile ning 2013. aasta rahvusvahelistest võistlustest, kus osalesid Eesti sportlased

  16. Proosa 1977. Kirjanduse argipäev / Mall Jõgi

    Jõgi, Mall, 1947-

    2008-01-01

    Sisaldab joonealuseid märkusi ja bibliograafiat. - Varem ilmunud Looming 1978, nr. 2. - Ülevaade 1977. aastal ilmunud eesti proosast. Käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Ustav Mikelsaar "Ohver", Lembit Kivisaar "Vana diivan", Albert Uustulnd "Avali väraval", Asta Põldmäe "Me", Lilli Promet "Tüdrukud taevast", Nikolai Baturin "Leiud kajast", Aadu Hint "Oma saar", Paul Kuusberg "Linnukesega", Aimée Beekman "Sugupuu", Mari Saat "Mida teha emaga?", Veera Saar "Isa niinepuu", Villem Gross "Vaikimise motiivid", Jüri Tuulik "Meretagune asi", Aira Kaal "Teedla Riia aknas põleb tuli", Tõnis Lehtmets "Tume laas", Väino Ilus "Kinsli peremehed", Einar Maasik "Hispaania tants", Aino Müür "Linnuvere lugu", Jaan Kross "Kolme katku vahel" 3. osa, Endel Nirk "Kaanekukk", Paul Kuusberg "Võõras või õige mees", Toomas Vint "Perekondlikud mängud", Ine Viiding "Kümme käsku kaaskodanikele", Mats Traat "Irdinimene. Türgi oad", Teet Kallas "Õhtuvalgus", Teet Kallas "Insener Paberiti juhtum", Einar Maasik "Üksinda detsembris", Enn Vetemaa "Hõbedaketrajad", Herta Laipaik "Kummitus muusikatoas. Doktor Vallaku mõistatus", Raimond Kaugver "Külalisteraamat"

  17. Euroopa küla Magdeburgis / Malle Lind

    Lind, Malle

    2006-01-01

    Eesti esinemisest 16.-17. septembril 2006. a. Saksamaal Sachsen-Anhalti liidumaa pealinnas Magdeburgis lõikustänupüha puhul korraldatud põllumajandus- ja maaelulaadal. Kohal viibis ka põllumajandusminister Ester Tuiksoo. Vt. samas: Marget Viskov. MeLa-l rekordarv eksponente ja külastajaid

  18. Küüditatuna Siberis / Mall Hiiemäe

    Hiiemäe, Mall, 1937-

    2000-01-01

    Käesoleva ülevaate aluseks on Eesti Rahva Muuseumi küsitluskavade "1941. aasta küüditamine" ja "1949. aasta küüditamine" vastused. Ettekanne konverentsilt - Kodumaa ja kodupaik: eestlase territoriaalne identiteet, konverents (1999 : Tallinn)

  19. Environmental Linguistics: A Typology of Visual Factors in Shopping Malls.

    Woods, John D.; Sewell, Edward H., Jr.

    Environment may be regarded as a form of communication, with environmental linguistics becoming a new discipline that will have to be explored. Its goal is to demystify some of the constructs that contribute to the built environment as a communication tool. Treating the built environment as a language requires a recognition of its dynamic nature.…

  20. KADIN TÜKETİCİLERİN ALIŞVERİŞ MERKEZİ TERCİHLERİNİN BELİRLENMESİ ve BİR PİLOT ARAŞTIRMA - DETERMINATION OF FEMALE CONSUMERS’ SHOPPING MALL CHOICES AND A PILOT RESEARCH

    Ahmet ŞEKERKAYA

    2012-11-01

    clustered according to thechoice behavior and reasons of Shopping Mall preferences.The results of research shows that female consumers areclustered in 3 groups according to their Shopping Mallpreferences and groups are named as potentials, actives andthe insensitive.

  1. Puustusmaa film jõudis esilinastuspäeval internetti / Dannar Leitmaa

    Leitmaa, Dannar, 1982-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti autoriõiguste kaitseorganisatsiooni direktor Erik Mandre internetipiraatlusest ebaseadusliku filmide allalaadimise näol. A. Puustusmaa "18-14" levis internetis Elioni ftp-serverist juba Eesti esilinastuse päeval

  2. Challenge in the public acceptance and cooperation in the verge of building the first nuclear power plant in Indonesia - 59119

    Susetyo Hario, Putero; Haryono Budi, Santosa

    2012-01-01

    Document available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Indonesia plans to build the first nuclear power plant (NPP) to solve the country's energy problems. One of the challenges that must be handled before establishing the first NPP is the presence of anti-nuclear groups that have successfully made the government postpone its plan several times since the first nuclear research reactor was established in Bandung (1972). The basis for the groups' dissent is the presence, and handling of radioactive waste. Further, the general public perception - even among educated Indonesians - is that Indonesia's experts lack knowledge about nuclear technology, even though nuclear technology has been studied in Indonesia since 1954. So, the problem is one of disseminating information about nuclear technology. To address this challenge, the National Atomic Energy Board (BATAN) of Indonesia has to redesign its public outreach strategy by collaborating with the educational institutions and communications organizations. Gadjah Mada University is the only university in Indonesia offering a nuclear-engineering curriculum. Therefore, a teaming arrangement with this institution seems appropriate to help improve the public's general knowledge about nuclear technology. There are several strategies that could be designed within the frame work of collaboration. The first strategy is to introduce nuclear technology into Indonesia's elementary and secondary schools. These youngsters are still in their formative years and are absorbing science and technology with great attention. (authors)

  3. A las puertas del cambio en la Formación Universitaria On the verge of change in University Education

    Ana María Escayola Maranges

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Los cambios sociales conducen a un nuevo planteamiento en la docencia universitaria. Es necesario un modelo educativo abierto para formar nuevos profesionales competentes, basado en la capacidad de aprender del alumno, de obtener información y de adaptarse a las situaciones de cambio que presenta la profesión. La planificación de programas educativos plantea nuevos roles en la función del docente y del alumno, exige cambios metodológicos en el proceso de aprendizaje, conllevando cambios en las estrategias educativas. La nuevas tecnologías de la información y comunicación son un elemento indispensable para promover el cambio, aunque no suficientes. El aprendizaje basado en problemas (ABP ha resultado un elemento innovador en el ámbito universitario, demostrando un aumento de la motivación para aprender, potenciando el trabajo grupal, incentivando la búsqueda de información, aumentado la comprensión y la memorización del conocimiento. A su vez, el ABP pone énfasis en la interdisciplinariedad, aumenta el espíritu de colaboración del estudiante y su nivel de responsabilidad en el aprendizaje. En el ámbito de las Ciencias de la Salud, los métodos de aprendizaje son claves en el proceso formativo de profesionales competentes, dada la estrecha vinculación entre el ámbito laboral y formativo.Changes in society as a whole oblige University education to introduce changes as well. In order to train well-equipped professionals, an open educational model is necessary, based on the ability of the student to learn, to obtain information, and to adapt to the changes inside the profession. The planning of learning programs involves new roles for the teacher and new functions for the student. It requires changes in methodology and in educational strategies. The new information and communication technologies are indispensable instruments for promoting these changes, but they are not enough in isolation. Problem-based learning (PBL is an innovative instrument in the University setting, increasing students’ motivation, empowering group work, stimulating the search for information and increasing the comprensión and memorizing of knowledge. PBL also emphasizes interdisciplinary work, stressing the need to cooperate and to increase students’ responsibility for their learning. In the field of health sciences, effective learning methods are vital for the training of competent professionals due to the close connection between the educational and work environments.

  4. Invasive Crustaceans in the Arctic: On the verge of ecological and socio-economic transformations in Northern Finnmark

    Kourantidou, Melina; Kaiser, Brooks

    institutional and governance structures that promote economic stability in the long-run. We highlight the role of environmental economic and bioeconomic tools in identifying suitable compromises among different stakeholders with interests at odds. Identification and management of the introduced species...

  5. IFRS 3 & IAS 39 : Övergången till IFRS – resultatmässiga effekter

    Nieminen, Jan-Erik; Khan, Tahir

    2005-01-01

    Från och med den 1 januari 2005 måste alla börsnoterade bolag redovisa enligt IFRS. Fördelar med IFRS är harmonisering av redovisningsprinciperna mellan olika länder, internationellt enhetlig redovisningspraxis och att investerare lättare kan jämföra olika företags finansiella information som är baserade i olika länder. Nackdelar med IFRS är att reglerna är mer omfattande och detaljerade än de tidigare rekommendationerna från Redovisningsrådet. Vid införandet av IFRS 2005 förutspådde branschf...

  6. A model for the selective amplification of spatially coherent waves in a centrifugal compressor on the verge of rotating stall

    Lawless, Patrick B.; Fleeter, Sanford

    1993-01-01

    A simple model for the stability zones of a low speed centrifugal compressor is developed, with the goal of understanding the driving mechanism for the changes in stalling behavior predicted for, and observed in, the Purdue Low Speed Centrifugal Research Compressor Facility. To this end, earlier analyses of rotating stall suppression in centrifugal compressors are presented in a reduced form that preserves the essential parameters of the model that affect the stalling behavior of the compressor. The model is then used to illuminate the relationship between compressor geometry, expected mode shape, and regions of amplification for weak waves which are indicative of the susceptibility of the system to rotating stall. The results demonstrate that increasing the stagger angle of the diffuser vanes, and consequently the diffusion path length, results in the compressor moving towards a condition where higher-order spatial modes are excited during stall initiation. Similarly, flow acceleration in the diffuser section caused by an increase in the number of diffuser vanes also results in the excitation of higher modes.

  7. Selgusid kirjandusaasta tegijad : erakordne on see, et tänavustest kirjanduspreemia saajatest on pooled naised, arvab auhinnažürii esimees Mall Jõgi / Mall Jõgi

    Jõgi, Mall, 1947-

    2001-01-01

    Proosa - Andrus Kivirähk "Rehepapp". Luule - Hando Runnel "Mõistatused". Näitekirjandus - Mart Kivastik "Näidendid". Esseistika - Maie Kalda "Mis mees ta on?". Lastekirjandus - Valeria Ränik "Ülejõel, Kassilaiu pealinnas". Tõlge eesti keelde - Krista Kaer (tõlked inglise keelest: Doris Lessingi "Kuldne märkmeraamat" ja J. K. Rowling'i Harry Potteri lood). Tõlge eesti keelest - Mai Bereczki (ungarikeelse eesti luule antoloogia "Kellade hellus" I-II koostamine)

  8. Shopping Malls y alimentación rápida

    Cristoffanini, Pablo Rolando

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this article is to highlight the profound changes that have taken place in late modernity in both the material and symbolic cultures in Latin America through the establishment and expansion of emblematic signs in the consumer society and in cultural artifacts such as super and hyper-ma...

  9. Perspectives of Introduction of the Mobile-Assisted Language Learning (MALL) Technology

    Wagner, Monica-Nataliia Laurensovna; Donskaya, Maryana Vladimirovna; Kupriyanova, Milana Evgenievna; Ovezova, Umeda Akparovna

    2016-01-01

    Present article addresses methodological and technical (instrumental) aspects of creation and implementation of mobile-assisted learning, which is oriented to the process of foreign languages learning. We provide the interpretation of the main definitions of mobile-assisted learning, as well as propose recommendations for using mobile devices in…

  10. Perwujudan Brand Image Dalam Penataan Interior Rotelli Shoes Di Galaxy Mall

    Sriti Mayang Sari, Maria Sulistya C

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays the economic developmentis increasing in Surabaya. This has a positive impact on retail companies in Surabaya. In order to remain competitive shop among many other stores, they need a unique interior design, comfortable and functional that can attract customers to shop. An attractive interior design alone is not enough, however they need an interior design that canreflect the image and strategies.Rotelli is one of the famous shoesbrand from Italy and has a vision to be a trendsetter ...

  11. Performance, Cognitive Load, and Behaviour of Technology-Assisted English Listening Learning: From CALL to MALL

    Chang, Chi-Cheng; Warden, Clyde A.; Liang, Chaoyun; Chou, Pao-Nan

    2018-01-01

    This study examines differences in English listening comprehension, cognitive load, and learning behaviour between outdoor ubiquitous learning and indoor computer-assisted learning. An experimental design, employing a pretest-posttest control group is employed. Randomly assigned foreign language university majors joined either the experimental…

  12. The Accessibility in Shopping Centres: The Cases of Istanbul Profilo and Kozzy Malls

    S.Selhan Yalçın Usal

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Shopping centres are public areas which were used by people from every social strata and different age groups for consuming commodities or leisure. The aim of this study is to emphasize not only public areas accessibility of shopping centres but also consider interior space characteristics in terms of accessibility. The study showed that architectural design and interior design solutions were not sufficient to solve accessibility problem without active audit mechanism.

  13. Goffman Meets Bauman at the Shopping Mall - en diakron konfrontation om selv, samfund og sociologi

    Jacobsen, Michael Hviid

    2008-01-01

      This article offers a diachronic confrontation between the sociological perspectives of Erving Goffman and Zygmunt Bauman respectively. Due to their different locations in the history of sociology as well as their diametrically opposed locations regarding substantial discussions within sociolog...

  14. Sõprus kui kultuurifenomen / Roman Leibov ; venekeelsest käsikirjast tõlkinud Mall Jõgi

    Leibov, Roman

    2017-01-01

    Arvustus: Ю. М. Лотман - Б. А. Успенский : переписка 1964-1993 / составление, подготовка текста и комментарии О. Я. Кельберт и М. В. Трунина ; под общей редакцией Б. А. Успенского. Таллинн : Издательство ТЛУ, 2016. (Bibliotheca Lotmaniana)

  15. Exploratory study of logistics service quality scale based on online shopping malls

    FENG Yi-xiong; ZHENG Bing; TAN Jian-rong

    2007-01-01

    Online shopping has already become the new mode that a lot of customers try to adopt. At the same time, the online shopping could not be successfully completed without logistics service. Logistics service quality (LSQ) has significant impact on revenue and profitability. This paper presents the issue from the perspective of the customer, and explores the initial factors of LSQ based on the online shopping through in-depth interview and the Delphi method. The survey uses a standard 7-point Likert-type scale to measure the LSQ. Empirical research results are shown in detail to confirm seven LSQ dimensions with Chinese characteristics, including timeliness quality, personal contact quality, order quality, order discrepancy handling, order condition and convenience. Statistical analyses of the investigation were conducted to test the reliability and validity of the LSQ evaluation model.

  16. Studi Deskriptif Servicescapes pada Comedy Kopi di Grand City Mall Surabaya Menurut Persepsi Konsumen

    Angkawijaya, Bonifasius; Rahayu, Siti; Widjaja, Fitri Novika

    2013-01-01

    Globalisasi telah membuat Perubahan signifikan dalam kebudayaan manusia yang terlihat dari gaya hidup masyarakat yang menjadi serba santai, instan, dan canggih, yang salah satunya juga tampak dari Perubahan pola hidup masyarakat yang lebih sering menghabiskan waktu untuk makan di luar rumah. Dimana Perubahan pola hidup tersebut juga menyebabkan jumlah industri restoran semakin meningkat sehingga persaingan menjadi semakin ketat. Cita rasa dan harga saat ini juga bukan lagi menjadi penentu uta...

  17. Comment on "Unique in the shopping mall: On the reidentifiability of credit card metadata".

    Sánchez, David; Martínez, Sergio; Domingo-Ferrer, Josep

    2016-03-18

    De Montjoye et al. (Reports, 30 January 2015, p. 536) claimed that most individuals can be reidentified from a deidentified transaction database and that anonymization mechanisms are not effective against reidentification. We demonstrate that anonymization can be performed by techniques well established in the literature. Copyright © 2016, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

  18. Response to Comment on "Unique in the shopping mall: On the reidentifiability of credit card metadata".

    de Montjoye, Yves-Alexandre; Pentland, Alex Sandy

    2016-03-18

    Sánchez et al.'s textbook k-anonymization example does not prove, or even suggest, that location and other big-data data sets can be anonymized and of general use. The synthetic data set that they "successfully anonymize" bears no resemblance to modern high-dimensional data sets on which their methods fail. Moving forward, deidentification should not be considered a useful basis for policy. Copyright © 2016, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

  19. Identity and privacy. Unique in the shopping mall: on the reidentifiability of credit card metadata.

    de Montjoye, Yves-Alexandre; Radaelli, Laura; Singh, Vivek Kumar; Pentland, Alex Sandy

    2015-01-30

    Large-scale data sets of human behavior have the potential to fundamentally transform the way we fight diseases, design cities, or perform research. Metadata, however, contain sensitive information. Understanding the privacy of these data sets is key to their broad use and, ultimately, their impact. We study 3 months of credit card records for 1.1 million people and show that four spatiotemporal points are enough to uniquely reidentify 90% of individuals. We show that knowing the price of a transaction increases the risk of reidentification by 22%, on average. Finally, we show that even data sets that provide coarse information at any or all of the dimensions provide little anonymity and that women are more reidentifiable than men in credit card metadata. Copyright © 2015, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

  20. Going to the Mines to Look for Diamonds. Experimenting with Military Recruiting Stations in Malls

    2003-01-01

    manufactur- ers, cruise lines and other companies can market their wares. “Maybe you open a next-generation auto showroom with a [test track] for SUVs...Three. 16 Going to the Mines to Look for Diamonds RANDMR1697-2.1 Burlington Coat Factory JC Penney Outlet Marshalls Books-A-MillionDaffy’s SYMS IKEA

  1. Viljandi kirurgid küsisid tööd ja raha / Malle Toomiste

    Toomiste, Malle, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Viljandi haiglas toimunud ümarlauast, kus arutati haigla lisarahastamist. Arvamust avaldab Viljandi abilinnapea Helmen Kütt, parlamendiliige Helir-Valdor Seeder ja Viljandi maavanema esindaja Tõnis Korts. Vt. samas: DRG mõju Viljandi haiglas. Diagramm: Operatsioonide jagunemine Viljandi haiglas 2001-2004

  2. Toward Mobile-Assisted Language Learning (MALL): Reaping Mobile Phone Benefits in Classroom Activities

    Rully Yudhiantara; Ihsan Abdul Nasir

    2017-01-01

    Mobile phone has been studied by researchers in its connection with education-related activies. This study was aimed at investigating two research questions: 1) what are students' perception toward mobile phone to support classroom activities; 2) How do students experience mobile phone use to support classoom activities? This study employed qualitative method. To collect data, there were some technique used: questionnaire and observation. Students participated in this study were 70 students...

  3. Toward Mobile-Assisted Language Learning (MALL: Reaping Mobile Phone Benefits in Classroom Activities

    Rully Yudhiantara

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Mobile phone has been studied by researchers in its connection with education-related activies.  This study was aimed at investigating two research questions: 1 what are students’ perception toward mobile phone to support classroom activities; 2 How do students experience mobile phone use to support classoom activities? This study employed qualitative method. To collect data, there were some technique used: questionnaire and observation.  Students participated in this study were 70 students. Findings showed that student had positive perception and attitude toward mobile phone to support classroom activities. In classroom they used mobile phone to support classroom activitis. Reading E-Book that support subject, playing Audio and Video File, operating offline dictionary were activities supported by mobile phone use.

  4. Suhtekolmnurk : originaalid - koopiad - valandid 19. sajandi skulptuurikogus / Tiina-Mall Kreem

    Kreem, Tiina-Mall

    2005-01-01

    Eesti mõisates olnud kunstikogudest (Raadi, Piira, Muuga jt.), Kadrioru Kunstimuuseumi skulptuurikogust. 19. saj. Eestis olnud skulptuurikollektsioonidest, täpsemalt originaalide ja valandite vahekorrast. Mõistetest originaal ja koopia, nende kasutuselevõtust

  5. Metacognition as Scaffolding for the Development of Listening Comprehension in a Social MALL App

    Elena Barcena

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the role that metacognition can effectively play in the development of second language listening comprehension, and specifically, how a mobile app can be specified for this end. A social mobile assisted listening app, ANT (Audio News Trainer, is presented as a prototype for exploring the way in which students can be helped to use metacognition to improve relevant linguistic communicative competences. A study has been undertaken with students using ANT to explore the intricate nature of the listening comprehension development process and the main metacognitive strategies that can be successfully applied. Special attention is paid to the implicitly and explicitly applied metacognitive strategies within the app, and related social network, where follow-on activities were undertaken, the strategies in question being: focus (a conscious effort on the gradual development of individual skills, engagement (interest is enhanced when a learning activity is enjoyable/successful, interaction (since collective activities seem to enhance emotional and social involvement, reflection (upon what works and does not work for each individual, self-regulation (through data about the students’ own progress and achievements, and attitude (here a further distinction is made between satisfaction, self-confidence and encouragement. The stages of engagement of a student with the app are explored in relation to the metacognitive strategy used and how they can contribute to the overall success of the learning experience. A final reflection is made about how metacognitive strategies offer an effective way to compensate for the lack of teacher presence, support and guidance on a medium/long term basis. However, although the study of the initial use of this social listening training app shows the potential for incorporating ‘knowing about knowing’ into mobile technology, it is suggested that future research is required to provide further finer-grained insights into this process.

  6. Kristi Salve kaitses doktoriväitekirja / Mall Hiiemäe

    Hiiemäe, Mall, 1937-

    2000-01-01

    Kristi Salve kaitses 20. dets.̀1999 Tartu Ülikooli kirjanduse ja rahvaluule osakonnanõukogu ees väitekirja : Läänemeresoomlaste traditsiooniline vaimne kultuur : pärimusliikide vahelised seosed ja etnilised suhted / Kristi Salve. Tartu, 1999. 287 lk. Talle omistati doktorikraad folkloristika alal hinnanguga summa cum laude

  7. From Sümerbank to Sümerpark: Public Spaces Turning into Shopping Malls

    Pınar Savaş Yavuzçehre

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Public spaces are places allowing to integrate society and culture flow. Recently, public spaces in Turkey have been undergoing a transformation in favour of shopping centers. The purpose of this research is to investigate public spaces turned into shopping centers generally in Turkey and peculiarly in Denizli Sümerpark. The main hypothesis of the study is that public spaces come to the fore with the case of rent rather than public interest, undergo a transformation and governing powers doesn’t establish extensive form in the decision making process. It has been retained that the Sümerpark project specific to Denizli is a decent example to public spaces which undergo a transformation in the effect of neoliberal policies and urban transformation. Public spaces shouldn’t be handled with high exchange values which come up with rent concerns. It should be evaluated depending on usage value. Public spaces should be used for the public benefit.

  8. Unique in the shopping mall: On the reidentifiability of credit card metadata

    de Montjoye, Yves-Alexandre; Radaelli, Laura; Singh, Vivek Kumar

    2015-01-01

    . We study 3 months of credit card records for 1.1 million people and show that four spatiotemporal points are enough to uniquely reidentify 90% of individuals. We show that knowing the price of a transaction increases the risk of reidentification by 22%, on average. Finally, we show that even data...... sets that provide coarse information at any or all of the dimensions provide little anonymity and that women are more reidentifiable than men in credit card metadata....

  9. Eredaid hetki "Pimedatest öödest" / Anne-Malle Hallik

    Hallik, Anne-Malle

    2002-01-01

    Pimedate Ööde filmifestivali eredamaid muljeid : Mark Soosaare filmid Kinomajas, Danis Tanovici "Eikellegimaa", Ida-Saksamaa indiaanifilmide kangelane - serblasest filminäitleja Gojko Mitic ja David Riva dokumentaalfilm "Marlene Dietrich - tema oma laul"

  10. Analisis Brand Equity dan Customer Loyality Celebrity Fitness Cabang Mall Puri Indah Jakarta Barat

    Robertus Tang Herman

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the condition of the elements of brand equity Celebrity Fitness, namely knowing the brand awareness, brand association is formed, to know how the perception of performance and the interests of the brand, how consumers' brand loyalty, and what attributes of service quality a priority for improved performance to can meet consumers' desire to achieve satisfaction. The method used is descriptive method with the sampling technique using probability sampling (simple random sampling, with regional research area in West Jakarta. The results of this study indicate that the overall brand equity of the company is good enough to position the brand awareness top of mind, the brand associations that are formed from Celebrity Fitness is where fitness is comfortable and fun and has a diverse and interesting program, another association was formed team aggressive promotion. Performance level of perceived quality is also good enough. To Brand loyalty are in poor condition because of the high percentage of switchers. Overall customer satisfaction levels are good enough just need a little improvement in the performance of staff. The implication of this research is PT Exertainment should improve the performance of some quality attributes are prioritized so that the loyalty of the members has also increased.

  11. Ajakasutus läbi sooprisma Eestis ja Euroopas / Malle Järve

    Järve, Malle, 1943-

    2003-01-01

    Eesti töötavate naiste ja meeste ajakasutuse erinevustest ning selle analüüsist Euroopa võrdluskontekstis. Statistilised andmed tuginevad Eesti Statistikaameti ajakasutuse uuringule aastate 1999-2000 kohta ning 13 Euroopa riigis aastatel 1998-2001 läbi viidud samalaadsetele uuringutele. Lisatud statistilised tabelid töötavate meeste ja naiste ajakasutuse põhistruktuuri, keskmise tasulise töö aja kohta päevas, koduste tööde ja vaba aja nädalarütmi, erinevatele kodutöödele kuluva aja ning kogutöökoormuse kohta

  12. Using Audio Description to Improve FLL Students' Oral Competence in MALL: Methodological Preliminaries

    Ibáñez Moreno, Ana; Vermeulen, Anna; Jordano, Maria

    2016-01-01

    During the last decades of the 20th century, audiovisual products began to be audio described in order to make them accessible to blind and visually impaired people (Benecke, 2004). This means that visual information is orally described in the gaps between dialogues. In order to meet the wishes of the so-called On Demand (OD) generation that wants…

  13. Analisa Pengaruh Promosi Dan Hedonic Motivation Terhadap Impulse Buying Di Ron's Laboratory Galaxy Mall Surabaya

    TJANTOKO, LAURA ELISABETH

    2015-01-01

    Food is a basic human needs are primary because every human need food to provide nutrients and energy to the body. This is an opportunity for business people to open the food business. It can be seen that the market of food business is getting more and more and has developed every year. One of the food business that are popular today is Ron's Laboratory. Business that specializes in desserts kind of ice cream / gelato is favored by the public. Although it has been known by the people does not...

  14. Nooruslikud juubilarid: fotokelder Lee 20 ja fotomuuseum 30 / Mall Parmas, Betty Ester-Väljaots

    Parmas, Mall

    2013-01-01

    Peeter Toominga algatusel 1992. aastal asutatud Lee fotokeldrist. Loetletud fotomuuseumis oma töid eksponeerinud fotograafid. Ülevaatenäitus "Lee fotokelder 20" 17. jaanuarist 20. märtsini, koostaja Betty Ester-Väljaots

  15. Pengaruh Faktor Psikologis Konsumen Terhadap Keputusan Pembelian (Survei Pada Konsumen Kfc Cabang Mall Olympic Garden Malang)

    Fauzie, Dimas; Yulianto, Edy; Sunarti, Sunarti

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to clarify and determine the influence of psychological factors on purchase decision of consumers together and partial as well as to determine which variables are the dominant influence on purchasing decisions at KFC food products. The independent variables used in this study are motivation, perception, learning, Beliefs and Attitudes and the dependent variable in this study is the purchase decision. Populationlwas used in this study is that consumers KFC MOG. Sample that used...

  16. River Falls Mall Math Trails: Connecting Elementary Mathematics to the World.

    Ryan, Walter F.

    This collection of activities demonstrates how the study of elementary mathematics can be extended beyond the school and involve teachers and students in investigative, problem-based experiences. The activities include topics in geometry, concept of number, algebra, measurement, graphing, statistics, and probability, and are organized into five…

  17. Minimalism, sooja südamega / Malle Pajula, Eva Toome ; kommenteerinud Riina Harik

    Pajula, Malle, 1971-

    2009-01-01

    Perekond Kremmi napi ja läbimõeldud kujunduse ning tervikliku valguslahenduse ja välibasseiniga eramust Tiskres, mis pälvis konkursil "Kaunis Kodu 2008" sisekujundaja kaasabil loodud kauneima kodu tiitli

  18. 75 FR 39969 - National Mall and Memorial Parks, Washington, DC; Final Environmental Impact Statement and...

    2010-07-13

    ... alternatives as well as the focused emphasis of Alternatives A, B, and C. Under the Preferred Alternative, the..., 2010), as well as approximately 30,000 comments received before the DEIS was published, were considered... to the recreational opportunities in adjacent parks, thereby contributing to the concept of healthy...

  19. Christian Ackermanni töökoda / Tiina-Mall Kreem

    Kreem, Tiina-Mall

    2005-01-01

    Puunikerdajast ja skulptorist Christian Ackermannist, kes saabus Tallinna 1670. aastate algul, töötas Elert Thiele töökojas, abiellus E. Thiele lesega ja omandas Thiele töökoja, töötas vaba meistrina. Christian Ackermanni lomingust (kantslid, altariseinad, siseportaalid, ktutsifiksid, epitaafid, vappepitaafid), acermannlikust stiilist. Bilbiograafia lk. 457

  20. ARCHIPIÉLAGOS PROMOTORES DE CAMBIOS ANÁLISIS ESPACIAL DE DINOSAURIO MALL

    FRATINI NOEMÍ

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Durante las últimas décadas, las ciudades posindustriales latinoamericanas se han constituido como nodos de la red mundial. La apertura de sus economías nacionales, posibilitó que algunas de estas ciudades se conviertan en los lugares preferidos para la localización de funciones y actividades de enlace con las redes globales de carácter comercial, productivo, financiero y cultural. Estos espacios urbanos avanzan progresivamente hacia polos segmentados de desarrollo que se manifiestan en la sociedad a través del acceso diferencial a bienes y servicios, surgiendo una dualidad espacial, aparentemente planteada, entre el espacio público y privado, y promoviendo fenómenos de exclusión o inclusión en una tensión permanente. Así se configuran en archipiélagos promotores de cambio y sujetos a diversas dimensiones de análisis. Para interpretar este fenómeno en relación a la inversión de capital, se ha seleccionado como territorio de análsis, un área del sector noroeste de la ciudad de Córdoba, Argentina. Se trata de un complejo comercial de gran magnitud y significación simbólica para la ciudad: Grupo Dinosaurio. El presente trabajo ensaya una aproximación exploratoria para identificar las tensiones producto de los conflictos por el avance en el espacio urbano de inversiones en espacios segmentados, promotores de cambio y su relación con el espacio público- privado, y la consecuente segregación socio- espacial.

  1. [Rets. rmt. : Glucksmann, Andre. Ouest contre Ouest. Pariis, 2003] / Malle Talvet

    Talvet, Malle

    2004-01-01

    Prantsuse filosoofi Andre Glucksmanni raamat "Ouest contre Ouest" ehk "Lääs Lääne vastu" käsitleb rahvusvahelisi sündmusi 2002/2003, eelkõige Iraaki, terrorismi, Ameerika Ühendriike ja Prantsusmaad

  2. Solar Decathlon 2011, The National Mall, Washington, D.C., Fall 2011 (Brochure)

    2010-04-01

    This brochure provides a high-level overview of the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon 2011-the competition's background, purpose, impact, 10 contests, 20 teams, and where to go for additional information.

  3. Eesti kultuuritarbija tüübid : kultuuriaktiivsus ja majanduslik heaolu / Malle Järve

    Järve, Malle

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli Rahvusvaheliste Sotsiaaluuringute Instituudi poolt 1998. a. läbi viidud 18-70-aastase elanikkonna esinduslikust küsitlusest "Eesti 98" kultuuritarbimise kohta. Tabelid: Tüpoloogia aluseks olevad näitajad kultuuritarbija tüüpide lõikes; Kultuuritarbija tüübistik erinevates elanikkonna rühmades (%); Kultuuriaktiivsuse indeks erinevates rahvarühmades; Kultuuritarbimusliku ilmajäetuse jaotus erinevates kultuuriaktiivsuse ja sissetuleku tüüpides 1998 (%)

  4. Eesti kultuuritarbija tüübid : kultuuriaktiivsus ja majanduslik heaolu / Malle Järve

    Järve, Malle

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli Rahvusvaheliste Sotsiaaluuringute Instituudi poolt 1998. a. läbi viidud 18-70-aastase elanikkonna küsitlusest "Eesti 98" kultuuritarbimise kohta. Tabelid: Tüpoloogia aluseks olevad näitajad kultuuritarbija tüüpide lõikes; Kultuuritarbija tüübistik erinevates elanikkonna rühmades (%); Kultuuriaktiivsuse indeks erinevates rahvarühmades; Kultuuritarbimusliku ilmajäetuse jaotus erinevates kultuuriaktiivsuse ja sissetuleku tüüpides 1998 (%)

  5. Model for safety reports including descriptive examples; Mall foer saekerhetsrapporter med beskrivande exempel

    NONE

    1995-12-01

    Several safety reports will be produced in the process of planning and constructing the system for disposal of high-level radioactive waste in Sweden. The present report gives a model, with detailed examples, of how these reports should be organized and what steps they should include. In the near future safety reports will deal with the encapsulation plant and the repository. Later reports will treat operation of the handling systems and the repository.

  6. Helmi Kukk's family origins and key events in her life / Malle Loit

    Loit, Malle

    2016-01-01

    Helmi Kuke päritolust ja elukäigust. Helmi oli hea hariduse saanud naine. Ta oli lõpetanud gümnaasiumi ja õppinud arstiteadust Zürichis. 1912. aastal lahkus Helmi oma mehe Peeter Epleri juurest ja alustas kooselu Juhan Kukega. Naistel oli Tsaari-Venemaal võimatu kiriklikust abielust lahutust alustada, seetõttu tuli sellega oodata. Juhan Kuke ja Helmi Epleri laulatus toimus Nõmme Rahu kirikus 1935. aastal

  7. Hasartmängumaksust pudeneb raha tervisetegevusteks 12 korda aastas / Malle Toomiste

    Toomiste, Malle, 1963-

    2007-01-01

    Terviseprojektideks raha taotlemisest hasartmängumaksu nõukogust. Levinumad põhjused, miks projekti ei tunnistata abikõlblikuks. Lisad: Kuidas jaguneb hasartmängumaksu 455 miljonit krooni; Hasartmängumaksu nõukogu prioriteedid tervisevallas; Hasartmängumaksu nõukogu uus koosseis. Diagramm: Hasartmängumaksu summa jaotus

  8. Hollywood lõikab filmidest purunenud torne välja / Malle Pajula

    Pajula, Malle, 1971-

    2001-01-01

    Seoses 11. septembri terrorirünnakuga lõigatakse ekraanile tulevatest filmidest välja lõike, mis kujutavad tänaseks kokku varisenud Kaubanduskeskuse torne ning hoitakse kinni esilinastusi, mis võiksid olla liiga valusad hukkunute omastele

  9. The Accessibility in Shopping Centres: The Cases of Istanbul Profilo and Kozzy Malls

    EVCİL, Ayse Nilay; YALÇIN USAL, S.Selhan

    2014-01-01

    Shopping centres are public areas which were used by people from every social strata and different age groups for consuming commodities or leisure. The aim of this study is to emphasize not only public areas accessibility of shopping centres but also consider interior space characteristics in terms of accessibility. The study showed that architectural design and interior design solutions were not sufficient to solve accessibility problem without active audit mechanism.

  10. A Classroom on the Mall: Indigenous Women and the Culture of Development.

    Farmelo, Martha

    1995-01-01

    When rural women do not participate in relevant decision making, development projects risk diminished effectiveness and may increase already onerous workloads. Consisting of 139 Mapuche women textile artisans in Chile, the Casa de la Mujer Mapuche provides its members with income, role models, and a platform to express women's needs and…

  11. Case study : MAG Geislingen : a public park atop a shopping mall in Germany

    Eckert, H. [ZinCo GmbH, Unterensingen (Germany)

    2004-07-01

    A design retrofit competition for the Maschinenfabrik Geislingen (MAG) in the town of Geislingen, Germany, was won by the architectural firm Haring und Zoller from Stuttgart. The town of Geislingen dates back more than 1000 years. As such, new projects must ensure an aesthetic compatibility between the past and the present. The resulting design, with green roof, incorporated a shopping area, a sports and leisure complex and an underground parking lot in a sloped terrain. The extensive green roofs, which total 100,000 square feet on this private property in the town centre, are maintained in the long term by the town gardeners. The cooperation between the client Kaufland Stiftung Co., the architectural firm and the local planning authorities was central to the projects success. Together they managed to achieve this unique project which attracts visitors from three continents and has resulted in a several imitations. The extensive part of the green roof, which is carried out as sedum green roofs, is not open to the public and must be maintained once a year. A drainage layer made of Floradrain{sup R} elements is installed underneath the entire green roof system independently from the extensive or intensive build-up type of green roof. All surfaces, boundaries and foundations could be built directly into the drainage layer without impeding the draining rain water. 9 figs.

  12. Melanoma in the shopping mall: A utilitarian argument for offering unsolicited medical opinions in informal settings.

    Preller, Gustav; Salloch, Sabine

    2018-03-01

    Doctors occasionally make diagnoses in strangers outside of formal medical settings by using the medical skill of visual inspection, such as noticing signs of melanoma or the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. This may cause considerable moral unease and doubts on the side of the diagnosing physician. Such encounters force physicians to consider whether or not to intervene by introducing themselves to the stranger and offering an unsolicited medical opinion despite the absence of a formal doctor-patient relationship. A small body of literature has addressed the topic of the unsolicited medical opinion, often with a primary focus on practical advice. This article seeks to establish an ethical-theoretical basis for physicians' ethical obligation to offer an unsolicited medical opinion when they make a diagnosis by visual inspection in a stranger outside of the formal medical context. Using a utilitarian approach, it is argued that, if it is in the physicians' power to prevent a possible loss of well-being, without thereby sacrificing anything of equal value, physicians have an ethical obligation to intervene. © 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Myths and Metaphors from the Mall: Critical Teaching and Everyday Life in Undergraduate Theatre Studies.

    Berkeley, Anne

    2001-01-01

    Offers a theoretical basis for undergraduate theatre studies that stresses the participation, democratization, and popularization that are necessary to sustain the arts in American society. Argues that the curriculum should be reoriented to emphasize theatre's functional value by building on students' already acquired and practiced aesthetic…

  14. Continuation of the energy policy turnaround. Regenerative full supply on the verge of breakthrough; Energiewende fortsetzen. Regenerative Vollversorgung vor dem Durchbruch

    Scheer, Nina

    2012-07-01

    Renewable energy is expanded in Germany - with worldwide political charisma. The full supply by renewable energy sources is within your grasp. However: How can the expansion be accelerated within scarce resources and climate change? Is there a decentral or central expansion? The author of this book points out the hurdles and challenges of full supply by renewable energies. Other aspects of this contribution are state autonomy, civic participation, complexity of development. Requirements for the next process of renewable, efficient, value-oriented energy policies are formulated.

  15. Plant invasion: Another threat to the São Paulo Marsh Antwren (Formicivora paludicola, a species on the verge of extinction.

    Glaucia Del-Rio

    Full Text Available During the past 100 years in densely populated south-eastern Brazil, wetlands have been severely transformed due to urbanization, agriculture and mining. The recently discovered São Paulo Marsh Antwren (Formicivora paludicola is endemic to these wetlands, and is listed as "Critically Endangered" by the IUCN. The species is only found in an area of 1.42 km2, it has a sparse and fragmented distribution, low dispersal capacity, and has probably lost around 300 km2 of habitat in the past 100 years. Furthermore, very little is known about F. paludicola natural history, and so it is difficult to construct a robust conservation plan. Using Kernel home range estimations and the Adjusted-SD/Torus Shift test (a novel tool for animal-habitat association studies, we showed that the species avoids patches of the alien invasive ginger lily (Hedychium coronarium. Given the high density of their population (3.6 mature individuals/ha, F. paludicola could thrive in relatively small areas of suitable wetlands protected from human occupation and water contamination, however special attention should be paid to biological invasions, which may represent a serious threat to the remaining populations. Protecting a few small wetlands used by F. paludicola would be an important step towards general conservation and restoration of Atlantic Forest wetlands and its endemic endangered species.

  16. Brachytherapy of penis cancer: experience of the Gustave-Roussy Institute; Curietherapie des cancers de verge: experience de l'Institut Gustave-Roussy

    Crevoisier, R. de; Wibault, P.; M' barek, B.; Gerbaulet, A.; Haie-Meder, C. [Institut Gustave-Roussy, 94 - Villejuif (France)

    2006-11-15

    The interstitial brachytherapy is a conservative treatment of epidermoid carcinomas of the penis under 4 centimeters and does not invade the erectile tissue. the great majority of recurrences is under control by a surgery treatment. (N.C.)

  17. Physiologic variability at the verge of systemic inflammation: multi-scale entropy of heart rate variability is affected by very low doses of endotoxin

    Herlitz, Georg N.; Sanders, Renee L.; Cheung, Nora H.; Coyle, Susette M.; Griffel, Benjamin; Macor, Marie A.; Lowry, Stephen F.; Calvano, Steve E.; Gale, Stephen C.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Human injury or infection induces systemic inflammation with characteristic neuro-endocrine responses. Fluctuations in autonomic function during inflammation are reflected by beat-to-beat variation in heart rate, termed heart rate variability (HRV). In the present study, we determine threshold doses of endotoxin needed to induce observable changes in markers of systemic inflammation, we investigate whether metrics of HRV exhibit a differing threshold dose from other inflammatory markers, and we investigate the size of data sets required for meaningful use of multi-scale entropy (MSE) analysis of HRV. Methods Healthy human volunteers (n=25) were randomized to receive placebo (normal saline) or endotoxin/lipopolysaccharide (LPS): 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, or 2.0 ng/kg administered intravenously. Vital signs were recorded every 30 minutes for 6 hours and then at 9, 12, and 24 hours after LPS. Blood samples were drawn at specific time points for cytokine measurements. HRV analysis was performed using EKG epochs of 5 minutes. MSE for HRV was calculated for all dose groups to scale factor 40. Results The lowest significant threshold dose was noted in core temperature at 0.25ng/kg. Endogenous TNF-α and IL-6 were significantly responsive at the next dosage level (0.5ng/kg) along with elevations in circulating leukocytes and heart rate. Responses were exaggerated at higher doses (1 and 2 ng/kg). Time domain and frequency domain HRV metrics similarly suggested a threshold dose, differing from placebo at 1.0 and 2.0 ng/kg, below which no clear pattern in response was evident. By applying repeated-measures ANOVA across scale factors, a significant decrease in MSE was seen at 1.0 and 2.0 ng/kg by 2 hours post exposure to LPS. While not statistically significant below 1.0 ng/kg, MSE unexpectedly decreased across all groups in an orderly dose-response pattern not seen in the other outcomes. Conclusions By usingrANOVA across scale factors, MSE can detect autonomic change after LPS challenge in a group of 25 subjects using EKG epochs of only 5 minutes and entropy analysis to scale factor of only 40, potentially facilitating MSE’s wider use as a research tool or bedside monitor. Traditional markers of inflammation generally exhibit threshold dose behavior. In contrast, MSE’s apparent continuous dose-response pattern, while not statistically verifiable in this study, suggests a potential subclinical harbinger of infectious or other insult. The possible derangement of autonomic complexity prior to or independent of the cytokine surge cannot be ruled out. Future investigation should focus on confirmation of overt inflammation following observed decreases in MSE in a clinical setting. PMID:25526373

  18. Physiologic variability at the verge of systemic inflammation: multiscale entropy of heart rate variability is affected by very low doses of endotoxin.

    Herlitz, Georg N; Arlow, Renee L; Cheung, Nora H; Coyle, Susette M; Griffel, Benjamin; Macor, Marie A; Lowry, Stephen F; Calvano, Steve E; Gale, Stephen C

    2015-02-01

    Human injury or infection induces systemic inflammation with characteristic neuroendocrine responses. Fluctuations in autonomic function during inflammation are reflected by beat-to-beat variation in heart rate, termed heart rate variability (HRV). In the present study, we determine threshold doses of endotoxin needed to induce observable changes in markers of systemic inflammation, investigate whether metrics of HRV exhibit a differing threshold dose from other inflammatory markers, and investigate the size of data sets required for meaningful use of multiscale entropy (MSE) analysis of HRV. Healthy human volunteers (n = 25) were randomized to receive placebo (normal saline) or endotoxin/lipopolysaccharide (LPS): 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, or 2.0 ng/kg administered intravenously. Vital signs were recorded every 30 min for 6 h and then at 9, 12, and 24 h after LPS. Blood samples were drawn at specific time points for cytokine measurements. Heart rate variability analysis was performed using electrocardiogram epochs of 5 min. Multiscale entropy for HRV was calculated for all dose groups to scale factor 40. The lowest significant threshold dose was noted in core temperature at 0.25 ng/kg. Endogenous tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin 6 were significantly responsive at the next dosage level (0.5 ng/kg) along with elevations in circulating leukocytes and heart rate. Responses were exaggerated at higher doses (1 and 2 ng/kg). Time domain and frequency domain HRV metrics similarly suggested a threshold dose, differing from placebo at 1.0 and 2.0 ng/kg, below which no clear pattern in response was evident. By applying repeated-measures analysis of variance across scale factors, a significant decrease in MSE was seen at 1.0 and 2.0 ng/kg by 2 h after exposure to LPS. Although not statistically significant below 1.0 ng/kg, MSE unexpectedly decreased across all groups in an orderly dose-response pattern not seen in the other outcomes. By using repeated-measures analysis of variance across scale factors, MSE can detect autonomic change after LPS challenge in a group of 25 subjects using electrocardiogram epochs of only 5 min and entropy analysis to scale factor of only 40, potentially facilitating MSE's wider use as a research tool or bedside monitor. Traditional markers of inflammation generally exhibit threshold dose behavior. In contrast, MSE's apparent continuous dose-response pattern, although not statistically verifiable in this study, suggests a potential subclinical harbinger of infectious or other insult. The possible derangement of autonomic complexity prior to or independent of the cytokine surge cannot be ruled out. Future investigation should focus on confirmation of overt inflammation following observed decreases in MSE in a clinical setting.

  19. Sin-vergüenza. Análisis goffmaniano de la capacitación en un programa de empleo

    Diego Quattrini

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del estudio es analizar la educación de la competencia “buena presencia”, que deben asumir los jóvenes de los sectores vulnerables para ingresar al mercado laboral en la provincia de Mendoza (Argentina. Para dicho fin, utilizo algunos aportes conceptuales de la teoría de Erving Goffman. Atendiendo al diseño metodológico, elaboré en el año 2013 entrevistas en profundidad a técnicos y jóvenes de un programa de empleo y capacitación laboral. Mediante esta técnica busco observar el manejo corporal-emocional que se produce en la presentación, en la búsqueda de empleo. Así, la pregunta es por la forma en que se construye la sensación de reconocimiento ante la regulación que se produce por la mirada de los otros. La inclusión está dada, entonces, por lograr una presentación estética y emocionalmente validada por el orden de la interacción.

  20. Tarkvaraaudit säästab aega ja raha / Asso Puidet

    Puidet, Asso, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Tarkvaraaudit on osa tarkvarahaldusest, mis annab ülevaate ettevõttes olevast tarkvarast, olemasolevatest litsentsidest ja nende omavahelisest vastavusest. BSA Eesti Komitee tegevuse koordinaator Erik Mandre ja ITEX Consulting juhatuse esimees Ion Alender tarkvaraauditi teenust pakkuvatest ettevõtetest Eestis. Lisa: Audit annab vastused järgmistele küsimustele

  1. Examining the Effects of Independent MALL on Vocabulary Recall and Listening Comprehension: An Exploratory Case Study of Preschool Children

    Terantino, Joe

    2016-01-01

    In recent years scholars have explored the use of mobile devices as potential sources for language learning and teaching. Mobile phones and tablets, especially, have been researched with a focus on effectively building vocabulary primarily among university-level students. Comparable research in other age groups has not been as widespread. This…

  2. Baltisakslase romaan : teos ja autor / Ljubov Kisseljova ; venekeelsest käsikirjast tõlkinud Mall Jõgi

    Kisseljova, Ljubov, 1950-

    2016-01-01

    Analüüsitakse Eestist pärit parun Karl Georg Woldemar Friedrich von Roseni almanahhis "Altsiona" 1831. aastal ilmunud väikest romaani "Constantin Loeven. (Minu mälestustest)". Romaanis on oluline 19. sajandi alguse kreeklaste vabadusvõitluse kontekst

  3. Solar Decathlon Visitors Guide 2011, National Mall, West Potomac Park, Washington, D.C., September 23 - October 2, 2011 (Brochure)

    2011-09-01

    Guide to the student-designed houses, ten contests, exhibits, and workshops of the U.S. Department of Energy 2011 Solar Decathlon, held in Washington, D.C., from September 23 through October 2, 2011. Teams of college students designed and built the solar-powered houses on display here. They represent 13 U.S. states, five countries, and four continents. Now the teams are rising to the challenge by competing in 10 contests over nine days, with the championship trophy on the line. This is their time to shine. The 2011 teams may share a common goal - to design and build the best energy-efficient house powered by the sun - but their strategies are different. One house is made of precast concrete, while another 'dances' in response to its environment. Another house is meant to sit atop a building, proving the sky's the limit for energy innovation. Whatever your idea of sustainable living may be, you are bound to find it at the Solar Decathlon.

  4. The sweet smell of ... implicit helping: effects of pleasant ambient fragrance on spontaneous help in shopping malls.

    Guéguen, Nicolas

    2012-01-01

    Some studies have shown that pleasant scent encourages the prosocial behavior of people requested for help. However, the effect of pleasant ambient odor on spontaneous helping has never been tested. Male and female confederates accidentally dropped a glove on the floor while walking in places with pleasant ambient odors (e.g., pastries) and in places with no odor. The confederate continued his/her walk, seemingly unaware of his/her loss. It was found that passers-by helped the confederates more favorably in the pleasant-smelling areas. Positive mood induced by ambient smell was used to explain such results.

  5. Pengaruh Brand Personality Terhadap Minat Beli Produk Body Mist (Studi pada The Body Shop di Trans Studio Mall Bandung

    Agnes Naibaho

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This research is influenced by the problems related to the brand personality on The Body Shop’s Body Mist product. Those problems based on the results of pre-survey showed that brand personality of The Body Shop’s Body Mist product that consists of sincerity, excitement, competence, sophistication and ruggedness has not yet been fully received good response from respondents. In addition, although The Body Shop’s Body Mist product received the title of Top Brand of the year 2015 - 2016, Top Brand Index value of The Body Shop’s Body Mist product fell in 2016. This shows that the power of the brand personality The Body Shop’s Body Mist product also decreased, because the brand personality is a form factor the first parameter to measure the value of the percentage of TBI, which is top of mind brand awareness. This study aims to determine the influence of the brand personality which consist of sincerity, excitement, competence, sophistication and ruggedness towards purchase intention. The results shows that the brand personality and purchase intention is in good category. The results of multiple regression analysis addressing sub variable competence, sophistication and ruggedness significantly influence the purchase intention, and the coefficient of determination shows that the brand personality variables significantly influence the purchase intention by 54,5%, and 45,5% are influenced by other variables outside of this research.

  6. 76 FR 66960 - Record of Decision on the Final Environmental Impact Statement for the National Mall Plan...

    2011-10-28

    ..., events, exhibitions, and celebrations; for tourism and general visitation; for group visitation; for... opportunities will be available for visitors and will include educational, cultural, and musical programs, as...

  7. Real-time tracking and fast retrieval of persons in multiple surveillance cameras of a shopping mall

    Bouma, H.; Baan, J.; Landsmeer, S.; Kruszynski, K.J.; Antwerpen, G. van; Dijk, J.

    2013-01-01

    The capability to track individuals in CCTV cameras is important for e.g. surveillance applications at large areas such as train stations, airports and shopping centers. However, it is laborious to track and trace people over multiple cameras. In this paper, we present a system for real-time

  8. MALLS BEYOND DEALS: A STUDY ON THE HOW CLASS C CONSUMERS IN RIO DE JANEIRO CONSUME SHOPPING CENTERS

    SAMANTHA PONS SZTANCSA SENNA

    2016-01-01

    Esta dissertação buscou contribuir para análise de como os consumidores da classe C consomem shopping centers. Para alcançar tal objetivo, primeiramente foi revisada a literatura sobre Consumer Culture Theory para proporcionar um contexto relativo à análise, depois estudou-se o consumo no segmento de baixa renda, especificamente o conceito de Nova Classe Média (classe C), segundo Neri (2008), e suas implicações para o comportamento do consumidor. Adicionalmente, buscou-se entender na literatu...

  9. Implementation of ergonomics in the management of parking increasing the quality of living parking park in mall Robinson Denpasar city

    Sutapa, I. K.; Sudiarsa, I. M.

    2018-01-01

    The problems that often arise in the area of Denpasar City mostly caused by parking problems at the centers of activities such as shopping centers. The problems that occur not only because of the large number of vehicles that parked but also the result of the condition of parking officers who have not received attention, there is no concern about the physical condition of parking attendants because doing night guard duty. To improve the quality of parking officer, ergonomic parking lot is improved through the application of appropriate technology with systemic, holistic, interdisciplinary and participatory approach. The general objective of the research is to know the implementation of ergonomics in parking management on the improvement of the quality of parking officer in Robinson shopping center. The indicator of the quality of the parking officer work is the decrease of musculoskeletal complaints, fatigue, workload, boredom and increasing work motivation. The study was conducted using the same subject design, involving 10 subjects as a simple random sample. Intervention is done by arrangement of ergonomic basement motorcycle parking. Measurements done before and after repair. Washing out (WO) for 14 days. The data obtained were analyzed descriptively, tested normality (shapirowilk) and homogeneity (Levene Test). For normal and homogeneous distribution data, different test with One Way Anova, different test between Period with Post Hoc. Normally distributed and non-homogeneous data, different test with Friedman Test, different test between periods using Wilcoxon test. Data were analyzed with significance level of 5%. The results showed that the implementation of ergonomic in the management of parking area of the court decreased musculoskeletal complaints by 15.10% (p management of the parking lot improves the quality of the parking officer work from: (1) decrease of musculoskeletal complaints, (2) decrease of melting rate, (3) decrease of parking workload, decreasing boredom and increasing work motivation.

  10. Olümpiamängude taaselustaja Pierre de Coubertin väärtustas kauneid kunste / Malle Elvet

    Elvet, Malle

    2008-01-01

    Pierre de Coubertini elust, huvist muusika ja kunsti vastu. Saksamaal Kölnis koostatud rändnäitusest "Pierre de Coubertin ja kaunid kunstid" Eesti Spordimuuseumis. Olümpiamängud ja kultuuriprogramm

  11. The prevalence of irritable bowel symptoms in a population of shopping mall visitors in Santiago de Chile

    A.M. Madrid-Silva

    2013-10-01

    Conclusions: The prevalence of IBS symptoms in the population studied is one of the highest described. Therefore, health teams should have the necessary knowledge and skill required for its management.

  12. Eesti Lastekirjanduse Keskuse hoone sisekujundus. Tallinn, Pikk 73 / Malle Jürgenson, Krista Lepland, Tea Tammelaan...[jt.

    2008-01-01

    3 korruse plaani, värv. välisvaade, 9 sisevaadet; fotod: Velvet Stuudiod; muinasjututoa aknaluuke kaunistavad Jüri Mildebergi loodud fantastilised tüübid, pööningukorrust kujundas Piret Mildeberg

  13. Identidades suspendidas por el silencio, la opacidad, la vergüenza y los tabúes. Narrativas sobre violencia sexual en la guerra irregular en el Caribe colombiano

    Viridiana Molinares Hassan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo presentamos los primeros resultados del trabajo de campo realizado en el marco de la investigación Narrativas de la violencia sexual en la guerra irregular en el Caribe colombiano: voces de homosexua les, transexuales, intersexuales, bisexuales y lesbianas , cuyo objetivo es narrar literariamente casos de violencia sexual perpetrados por los grupos paramilitares arraigados en esta zona del país contra la población LGTBI del Caribe colombiano. Para desarrollar nuestro propósito, en la introducción presentamos una breve reseña de los fundamentos teóricos de nuestra inves tigación; luego, en la sección “Una aguja en un pajar” narramos la difícil búsqueda de víctimas decididas a dar testimonio; en la sección “El territorio, el viaje y la música” describimos el contexto en el cual se realizaron las en trevistas que dieron lugar a las narraciones literarias que presentamos en la sección “Voces vivas y voces ausentes”, para finalmente mostrar algunas de las conclusiones de esta segunda fase de nuestra investigación.

  14. Antecedentes y función literaria del sueño de Eneas y Andrómaca: Verg., Aen . II 268-295 y Sen., Troad . 438-488

    Santiago López Moreda

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available Traditionally it is said that the source of Seneca's tragedies is Euripides. The coincidence with the subjects corroborates it. However, the nearness between tragedy and epic, the Trojan cycle that the first Latin writers of tragedy take for themselves, and, above all, the poetics of artistic effect based on the narrative structure and the lexical and syntactic patterns show that, at least in this passage, Seneca's source is Vergil, who is also the receiver and transmitter of ancient epic and the Greek and Roman tragedy.

  15. Sentinel-lymph node procedure in breast, uterine cervix, prostate, vulva and penile cancers: Practical methodology; La pratique de la technique du ganglion sentinelle dans diverses indications: sein, col uterin, prostate, vulve et verge. Methodologie pratique

    Brenot-Rossi, I. [Centre de Lutte Contre le Cancer, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, Service de Medecine Nucleaire, 13 - Marseille (France)

    2008-08-15

    The nodal status is the strongest prognostic factor in early stage cancers. The sentinel-lymph node (S.L.N.) is defined as the first draining lymph node of an organ; the lymph node status is determined by the histological results of S.L.N.. The lymphadenectomy, with high morbidity, is realised only in case of metastatic S.L.N.. The S.L.N. identification, in most of cases, is performed using the combination of blue dye and radiocolloid {sup 99m}Tc injections. The purpose of this article is to give some practical details about the S.L.N. isotopic procedure in breast cancer, vulva and penile cancer, uterine cervix and prostate cancer. (author)

  16. La memoria de la vergüenza o los restos del imperio: la representación literaria del conflicto en el Sáhara Occidental en la novela contemporánea

    Ana Luengo

    2014-06-01

    Despite being in the spotlight in society and the media, the issue of decolonization of Western Sahara has barely been addressed in the discussion of historical memory in the contemporary Spanish novel. This article discusses two novels (El imperio desierto [1992], by Ramón Mayrata, and Mira si yo te querré [2007], by Luis Leante that deal with that episode in history and try to fill in a void in the actual literary field.

  17. Valge maja voolav aed / Silja Lättemäe

    Lättemäe, Silja, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Mall Sleti kodust Saku alevis. 2002. a. Pälvis Mall Slet Saku vallalt ergutuspreemia maja oskusliku renoveerimise eest, 2003. a. kauni aia preemia. Mall Slet on oma okaspuukollektsiooniga aeda kujundades järginud voolava ruumi põhimõtet. Püsikute valikul on nõustanud Irma Tungal. Okaspuukollektsionäär Andres Vaasa Mall Sleti aiast. 11 ill

  18. Töötajate võrdne kohtlemine töö tasustamisel : [bakalaureusetöö] / Kätlin Sitsi ; Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Mall Gramberg

    Sitsi, Kätlin

    2002-01-01

    Palga mõiste, töötajate ebavõrdne kohtlemine, rahvusvaheliste organisatsioonide õigusaktid, töötajate erineva tasustamise põhjused, ülevaade võrdse tasustamise printsiibi kohaldamisest Soomes ja Eestis, Euroopa Kohtu lahendid ja pretsedendid

  19. Políticas de buenas prácticas relacionadas con la seguridad informática y la continuidad del negocio en el mall del centro

    Erazo Parra, José Luis

    2016-01-01

    Al realizar una búsqueda en la biblioteca de UNIANDES, se encontró un trabajo, que sirve como antecedente al presente trabajo investigativo, al que destaco el trabajo realizado por la Master, Viera Zambrano, con su tema” Plan administrativo de red interna para mejorar la seguridad de la información de la Escuela de perfeccionamiento de aerotécnicos de la Fuerza Aérea”, trabajo presentado en el año 2015, previa a la obtención del título de Magister en Informática Empresarial. ...

  20. Individuaalsete töövaidluste lahendamine töövaidluskomisjonis : [bakalaureusetöö] / Margit Kors ; Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Mall Gramberg

    Kors, Margit

    2000-01-01

    Individuaalse töövaidluse mõiste ja lahendamise viisid, töövaidluste lahendamine välisriikides ja Eestis, tähtajad, töövaidluskomisjoni õiguslik seisund ja moodustamine, lahendamine, otsused

  1. Töösuhetest tulenevate tööandja huvide kaitsmine : [bakalaureusetöö] / Alina Demenštein ; Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Mall Gramberg

    Demenštein, Alina

    2001-01-01

    Töölepingu olemusest, sõlmimine, täitmine, poolte õigused ja kohustused, kollektiivleping, töölepingu muutmine, töötaja konfidentsiaalsuskohustus, ärisaladus, distsiplinaarkaristused, materiaalne vastutus, töölepingu lõpetamine

  2. Pengaruh Karakteristik Pekerjaan, Komunikasi Internal dan Kepemimpinan Transformasional terhadap Kepuasan Kerja pada PT. Citra Citi Pacific Pekanbaru (Studi pada Pengelola Mall Ska Pekanbaru)

    Lubis, Suryana Tessa; Sasmita, Jumiati; Rama, Rovanita

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of job characteristics, internal communications, and transformational leadership on employee job satisfaction at PT. Citraciti Pacific Pekanbaru. The population in this study were all employees at PT. Citraciti Pacific Pekanbaru totaling 98. While the sampling technique using census method. Analysis of data using multiple linear regression with SPSS program. Based on the results of data analysis known that the job characteristics, internal...

  3. Aspectos Preponderantes para a Satisfação e Fidelização do Cliente: O Caso do Shopping Florence Mall

    Joyce Altaf

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo, classificado como pesquisa quantitativa com caráter descritivo e estudo de caso, remete à medição do grau de satisfação e de fidelização do consumidor em relação aos serviços oferecidos por shopping center localizado na cidade de Juiz de Fora, em Minas Gerais. O estudo compôs-se de revisão bibliográfica sobre os tópicos abordados, que expôs as mais relevantes características do setor de serviços com foco em shopping centers, apresentou os principais traços do mercado de serviços, reviu princípios de marketing ligados às dimensões da qualidade na prestação de serviços, e resgatou as teorias de satisfação e de fidelização aplicadas ao comportamento do consumidor. Em seguida, foi realizada pesquisa quantitativa com questionário estruturado com 202 clientes do shopping no momento da compra, destinada a captar e a analisar sua percepção a respeito do tema enfocado. Como resultado da análise das variáveis estudadas, chegou-se à conclusão de que os consumidores se mostraram satisfeitos com os serviços prestados pelo shopping center analisado, sendo necessário, entretanto, estimular a fidelização do cliente.

  4. Visitors׳ perceptions on the important factors of atrium design in shopping centers: A study of Gandaria City Mall and Ciputra World in Indonesia

    Astrid Kusumowidagdo; Agus Sachari; Pribadi Widodo

    2016-01-01

    Atriums as quasi-internal public spaces in shopping centers play an essential role as an identity provider and offer spatial orientation in shopping center architecture. This study aims to examine the significant factors of atrium design, which can provide a sense of place for shopping center visitors. The research was conducted with the sequential exploratory method, which involved a qualitative study, followed by a quantitative study. The objects of this research were two shopping centers l...

  5. What features determine mall states’ activities in the international arena? Iceland’s approach to foreign relations until the mid-1990’s

    Baldur Þórhallsson

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyse the features that have determined Iceland’s international activity and to what extent Iceland has been an active participant in the international system. The paper focuses on the period from the time Iceland took full charge of the conduct of its foreign policy from Denmark in 1940 until 1994, fifty years after Iceland became a Republic and joined the European Economic Area (EEA. At the time of Iceland’s entry to the United Nations (UN in 1946, it had the lowest population of all UN member states. Iceland soon joined most of the international organizations created in Europe and internationally after the Second World War. Iceland’s neighbouring states, the Nordic states, became pro-active within the UN and other international institutions, and the interesting question is to what extent Iceland, as a small newly-independent state, became involved in the international community.

  6. The Influence of Store Atmosphere, Location and Price on Repurchase Intention (Case Study on the Costumer of Carrefour DP Mall Semarang)

    Sarahnadia, Sarahnadia; Suryoko, Sri

    2017-01-01

    The number of retail markets in Semarang which getting larger lead into business completion among them. It made the costumer has many choices to change their preference in choosing the retail markets. Carrefour is one of modern retail markets in Semarang which categorize as hypermarket. Because of many business competitors which had more decent atmosphere, more strategic area, and cheaper price the amount sales in Carrefour was decrease in line with the rate of costumer debit in 2014-2016.The...

  7. Töötasustamise süsteemid ja nende rakendamine : [bakalaureusetöö] / Liina Raamets ; Tartu Ülikooli Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Mall Gramberg

    Raamets, Liina

    2003-01-01

    Töötasustamise süsteemi mõiste, sellega kaasnevad mõisted ja põhiliigid, töötasustamise süsteemi loomine organisatsioonile, ajapalgasüsteem ja tema teisendid, tükipalgasüsteem ja tema teisendid, kombineeritud töötasustamine, tulemuspalk

  8. THE IMPACT OF THE IMPULSE BUYING DIMENSION AND CHERRY PICKING: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY (Consumers Case Study in a mall in Central Jakarta

    Endang Ruswanti

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to further test the contradictory research result. Mathai & Haridas’ findings (2014 stated that a discounted price did not influence impulse buying. Meanwhile Ruswanti, (2013 found that a discounted price tended to influence the consumers’ spontaneous shopping. Data discovered by Nielsen (2007 stated that apparently 85% of Indonesian consumers tend to buy things on an impulse. This research was in the form of a survey, the sample being 197 people, of whom 96 respondents were female, and males the other 101. The respondents ages were between 17-50 years old, those with an income of 3 million rupiahs numbered 83 persons, 64 people had an income above 5 millions rupiahs, and 50 respondents had an income above 10 million rupiahs. The technical design was a purposive sampling;70% of the consumers liked the discounted products, and bought something on the spur of the moment at least once. The regression analysis was with SPSS 19; the results show that the external, internal, situational environment, products’ variety, and sociocultural effects significantly influenced the cherry picking. The respondents with an income of above 3-5 million preferred spontaneous shopping. This research gives a contribution to the development of the consumers’ behavioral theory through impulse buying and cherry picking.

  9. Aspectos Preponderantes para a Satisfação e Fidelização do Cliente: o Caso do Shopping Florence Mall

    Fernanda Alhadas Raimundo

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo, classificado como pesquisa quantitativa com caráter descritivo e estudo de caso, remete à medição do grau de satisfação e de fidelização do consumidor em relação aos serviços oferecidos por shopping center localizado na cidade de Juiz de Fora, em Minas Gerais. O estudo compôs-se de revisão bibliográfica sobre os tópicos abordados, que expôs as mais relevantes características do setor de serviços com foco em shopping centers, apresentou os principais traços do mercado de serviços, reviu princípios de marketing ligados às dimensões da qualidade na prestação de serviços, e resgatou as teorias de satisfação e de fidelização aplicadas ao comportamento do consumidor. Em seguida, foi realizada pesquisa quantitativa com questionário estruturado com 202 clientes do shopping no momento da compra, destinada a captar e a analisar sua percepção a respeito do tema enfocado. Como resultado da análise das variáveis estudadas, chegou-se à conclusão de que os consumidores se mostraram satisfeitos com os serviços prestados pelo shopping center analisado, sendo necessário, entretanto, estimular a fidelização do cliente.

  10. Estudio de la coordinación de las protecciones por métodos computarizados aplicados al centro comercial mall del sur

    Ramírez Rivera, Anthony; Inde Yanzapanta, Luis

    2011-01-01

    En la actualidad muchas de las empresas e industrias cuentan con sistemas eléctricos antiguos que no están sujetos a una coordinación de sus protecciones eléctricas o en su defecto cuentan con coordinaciones fuera de rangos establecidos y como producto de esto se tiene desde perdidas del fluido eléctrico innecesarias hasta incendios por fallas eléctricas no despejadas correctamente. El presente trabajo de investigación trata sobre la coordinación de las protecciones eléctricas en un sistema i...

  11. AVM ÇEVRESİNİN AVM İMAJI ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİSİ: MÜŞTERİ DUYGULARI VE ALGILANAN KALİTENİN ROLÜ HAZCI VE FAYDACI ALIŞ-VERİŞ DEĞERLERİ ARASINDAKİ FARKLILIKLAR - THE EFFECT OF MALL ENVIRONMENT ON MALL IMAGE: THE MEDIATING ROLE OF CUSTOMER EMOTIONS AND PERCEIVED Q

    ÇİFCİ, Sertaç; ÖZER, Alper; KOÇAK, Akın

    2012-01-01

    Özet:Tüketicilerin AVM’lere yönelik ilgisi; ulaşım,mağazaları toplu bir şekilde bulabilme ve sosyal-kültürelaktiviteler gibi nedenlerden dolayı giderek artmaktadır.Tüketicilerin tercihlerinde ön plana çıkmak isteyen AVM’leriçin en önemli kaynaklardan birisi de AVM imajıdır. Buçalışmada, AVM çevresinin, AVM imajı üzerindeki etkisiincelenmeye çalışılmıştır ve AVM çevresinin imaj üzerindekietkisinde, algılanan kalite ve müşteri duygularının ara rolleriele alınmıştır. Buna ek olarak, hazcı/faydac...

  12. Mieren in Veluwebermen: soortenrijkdom en aanbevelingen voor beheer (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).

    Noordijk, J.; Boer, P.

    2007-01-01

    Ants in roadside verges on the Veluwe: species richness and recommendations for management (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Highway verges in the Veluwe region contain some well developed nutrient poor plant communities, like grasslands, grey hair grass vegetation and heather vegetation. These places

  13. The Road Pavement Condition Index (PCI Evaluation and Maintenance: A Case Study of Yemen

    Karim Fareed M. A.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The pavement condition index (PCI is a simple, convenient and inexpensive way to monitor the condition of the surface of roads, identify maintenance and rehabilitation (M-and-R needs as well as ensure that road maintenance budgets are spent wisely. In this research, the pavement condition was evaluated in terms of the surface distresses existing at the time of the field evaluation. The PCI procedure was used in this research because it deals with the subject of pavement distress identification most comprehensively and is based on a sound statistical technique of pavement sampling.

  14. Kosmosekoerad lennutasid disainibüroo kujundusorbiidile / Teet Reier

    Reier, Teet, 1965-

    2010-01-01

    1997. aastal asutatud disainibüroost Laika, Belka & Strelka (Krista Lepland, Tea Tammelaan, Malle Jürgenson). Loetletud tehtud tööd, preemiad. Krista Leplandi, Tea Tammelaane ja Malle Jürgensoni teenistuskäik

  15. What Is Sudden Cardiac Arrest?

    ... often are found in public places, such as shopping malls, golf courses, businesses, airports, airplanes, casinos, convention centers, ... often are found in public places, such as shopping malls, golf courses, businesses, airports, airplanes, casinos, convention centers, ...

  16. 77 FR 67796 - Endangered and Threatened Species; Take of Anadromous Fish

    2012-11-14

    ... Region, National Marine Fisheries Service, 650 Capitol Mall, Suite 5-100, Sacramento, CA 95814. Fax: (916... copy by visiting the NMFS Central Valley office at 650 Capitol Mall, Suite 5-100, Sacramento, CA 95814... Mall, Suite 5-100, Sacramento, CA 95814 (916-930-3723). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Authority The...

  17. Do Simple Warning Signs Enhance the Use of Stairs?

    Aksay, Ebubekir

    2014-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the use of stairways/moving stairways in shopping malls and examine the extent to which simple warning signs determined whether people took the stairs. Design: Large posters that could readily be seen by mall visitors were situated between the stairs and moving stairways in shopping malls.…

  18. 28 CFR 36.404 - Alterations: Elevator exemption.

    2010-07-01

    ... respect to any facility that houses a shopping center, a shopping mall, the professional office of a... health care provider. (2) For the purposes of this section, shopping center or shopping mall means— (i) A... or shopping mall only includes floor levels housing at least one sales or rental establishment, or...

  19. Fenomena Mal bagi Masyarakat Urban di Jakarta

    Amarena Nediari

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Mall building is a place where urban communities come together with their specific interest. People go to the mall with their independent needs without any emotional bonding between each other. As a public space, mall is trying to meet the needs of urban communities especially as an entertaining space for the visitors. Go to the mall has become a way of life in urban society, as a destination for the whole family. While on the other hand the existence of many mall building are the traits of sick city, because as a public space, city does not meet the social and environmental objectives anymore. Jakarta has more than 75 building mall, it has exceeded the limit of the population. Mall has become a phenomenon because it has met the lifestyle of urban society but on the other side mall has spent water absorption area. This disagreement about mall building requires a mall that friendly to the environment, so that the green open spaces and water absorption area can be provided or replaced as well. The next discussion is about mall that should build friendly to the environment and its importance to the urban community. 

  20. Tüdimus ; Levant ; Agoonia ; Varjutus ; Mälestuseks ; Jõed ; Jõulud ; Kui sina mu vend ; Faas ; Maetud sadam ; Õhtul ; Needus ; Juuni ; Magada ; Rahu : [luuletused] / Giuseppe Ungaretti ; tõlk. Malle Talvet ja Auli Ott

    Ungaretti, Giuseppe

    2003-01-01

    Andmed autori kohta lk. 28. Orig.: Noia ; Levante ; Agonia ; Chiaroscuro ; In memoria ; I fiumi ; Natale ; Se tu mio fratello ; Fase ; Il porto sepolto ; Stasera ; Dannazione ; Giugno ; Dormire ; Quiete

  1. The Comparative Effect of Online Self-Correction, Peer- correction, and Teacher Correction in Descriptive Writing Tasks on Intermediate EFL Learners’ Grammar Knowledge The Prospect of Mobile Assisted Language Learning (MALL

    Mojtaba Aghajani

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available 60 participants of the study were selected based on their scores on the Nelson proficiency test and divided into three Telegram groups comprising a peer-correction, a self-correction and a teacher-correction group, each with 20 students. The pretest was administered to measure the subjects' grammar knowledge. Subsequently, three Telegram groups each with 21 members (20 students + 1 teacher were formed. Then during a course of nearly one academic term the grammatical notions were taught by the teacher. The members were required to write on the prompt in about 50 to 70 words and post it on the group. Then, their writings were corrected through self-correction, peer-correction and teacher-correction under the feedback provided by the researcher. The study used a pretest-posttest design to compare the learners’ progress after the application of three different types of treatment. One-Way between-groups ANOVA was run to test whether there was any statistically significant difference in grammar knowledge in descriptive writing of intermediate EFL learners’ who receive mobile-assisted self-correction, peer-correction and teacher-correction. The researcher also used Post-Hoc Tests to determine the exact difference between correction methods. Online self-correction, peer-correction and teacher-correction were the independent variables and grammar knowledge was the dependent variable. Examining the result of the study prove that significance level between self-correction and teacher-correction was the strongest (sig. = 0.000 but the significance level was a little less strong between peer-correction and teacher-correction whereas no significance was observed between self-correction and peer-correction.

  2. Kroonupatriotism või rahvuslik mõtlemine? Friedrich Nikolai Russowi ja Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwaldi Krimmi sõja ainelised teosed / Ljubov Kisseljova ; venekeelsest käsikirjast tõlkinud Mall Jõgi

    Kisseljova, Ljubov, 1950-

    2016-01-01

    Analüüsitakse kahe rahvusliku liikumise varase etapi kirjamehe, Friedrich Nikolai Russowi ja Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwaldi Krimmi sõja aineliste tekstide pragmaatikat. Tekstid on: Tallinna koddaniko ramat omma söbbradele male (Tallinn, 1854-1857), Russowi poeem "Söalaul" (1854), Kreutzwaldi poeem "Sõda" (1854)

  3. Töölepingu eristamine võlaõiguslikust käsunduslepingust : [bakalaureusetöö] / Aire Aun ; Tartu Ülikooli Õigusinstituut ; juhendaja: Mall Gramberg

    Aun, Aire

    2005-01-01

    Lepingute mõiste ja ese, töölepingu ja käsunduslepingu sõlmimine, muutmine ja lõpetamine, tööleping versus juhatuse liikme (nõukogu) leping, töötaja ja juhatuse liikme õiguslik staatus - tagatised ja vastutus

  4. 10 Jahre Transparenz in der Aufsichtsratsvergütung deutscher Prime-Standard-Unternehmen

    Rapp, Marc Steffen; Schuchardt, Hendrik; Wolff, Michael

    2016-01-01

    untersuchte Datensatz beinhaltet über 300 Beobachtungen der Prime-Standard-Unternehmen über die Jahre von 2005 bis 2014. Die Auswertung zeigt, dass die Aufsichtsratsvergütung über die vergangenen zehn Jahre einem grundlegenden Transformationsprozess unterlag. Die Vergütungshöhe ist deutlich angestiegen und...... die Vergütungsstruktur hat sich stark verändert. Sowohl Vergütungshöhe als auch Vergütungsstruktur werden signifikant von der Unternehmensgröße bestimmt. Die Ergebnisse zeigen jedoch auch, dass eine Übereinstimmung zwischen den an den Aufsichtsrat gestellten Anforderungen einerseits und der...

  5. An Empirical Study Of Consumer Behavior For Organized Retail Sector In Vadodara City

    Pandya, Dr. Amit R.; Bariya, Kameshvari J.

    2015-01-01

    In this research paper, primary data was collected from respondents of Vadodara city in Gujarat. For this purpose three shopping malls were selected RPG group, Future group and Aditya Birala group. Through this study we have tried to find out consumer behaviour of respondents when they shop through malls. As a part of consumer behaviour, their perceptions, motivation levels and demographic factors were studied. We have also tried to study the reasons for preference of a shopping mall and t...

  6. Aktivitas Public Relations Mal Ciputra Seraya Pekanbaru Dalam Upaya Meningkatkan Citra Perusahaan

    ", NURJANAH; Monani, Sylvia

    2014-01-01

    When the Ciputra Seraya Pekanbaru Mall got crisisses that are related to the accidents successively in 2012 and the issuesregarding of employees who resigned because of inconvenience to the company, the image of Ciputra Mall remains good even thus increased. Therefore, this research was conducted with the purposes are :to understand the roles and functions of public relations of Ciputra Seraya Pekanbaru Mall as one of the efforts to increase its image, to find out the activities of public rel...

  7. Marguerite Duras ja tema võimukolmnurgad / Kärt Hellerma

    Hellerma, Kärt, 1956-

    2007-01-01

    Arvustus: Duras, Marguerite. Armuke / tlk. Malle Talvet. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1989. (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 1989, 11-12) ; Duras, Marguerite. Tamm Vaikse ookeani vastu / tlk. Triinu Tamm. Tallinn : Varrak, 2006

  8. Evaluation of the soil-to-indoor air exposure pathway at petroleum contaminated sites

    Kindzierski, W. B. [Alberta Univ., Edmonton, AB (Canada). Dept. of Civil Engineering

    1997-12-31

    Results of two approaches for evaluating human exposure to benzene inside a former gasoline station converted into a strip mall were discussed. Using passive air sampling, benzene levels inside the mall were evaluated. It was found that contrary to expectations the levels inside the mall were lower than the average levels in Canadian homes. The second approach, i.e. modeling of soil vapour entry, confirmed the findings of the passive air test by showing that incremental exposure conditions for mall workers was no worse than what they receive by inhalation in their own homes. 14 refs., 2 figs.

  9. Evaluation of the soil-to-indoor air exposure pathway at petroleum contaminated sites

    Kindzierski, W. B.

    1997-01-01

    Results of two approaches for evaluating human exposure to benzene inside a former gasoline station converted into a strip mall were discussed. Using passive air sampling, benzene levels inside the mall were evaluated. It was found that contrary to expectations the levels inside the mall were lower than the average levels in Canadian homes. The second approach, i.e. modeling of soil vapour entry, confirmed the findings of the passive air test by showing that incremental exposure conditions for mall workers was no worse than what they receive by inhalation in their own homes. 14 refs., 2 figs

  10. 商店街における座りスペースの利用実態 : 巣鴨地蔵通り商店街の場合

    大島, 秀明; 天野, 克也; 谷口, 汎邦; オオシマ, ヒデアキ; アマノ, カツヤ; タニグチ, ヒロクニ; Hideaki, OHSHIMA; Katuya, AMANO; Hirokuni, TANIGUCHI

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to find out the sitting behaviors and the behaviors in shopping mall. Therefore, we conduct the questionnaire survey of visitors in Sugamo Jizo-Dori shopping mall. The results are as follows: The ratio of dropping in at the shops of 75 or older-year elderly people is the lowest; about 48%; The visitors can stay in the shopping mall for a long time by sitting; Most of the visitors using restaurant etc. stay in the shopping mall for a long time and drop in at the sh...

  11. Riigi teaduspreemiate 2003 kandidaadid / Villi Ehatamm

    Ehatamm, Villi

    2003-01-01

    2003. a. teaduspreemia kandidaadid: J. Einasto, A.-E. Kaasik, R. Hagelberg, H. Rätsep, R. Pullat, M. Kilp, V. Laan, P. Normak, S. Keevallik, V. Hižnjakov, M. Selg, T. Pehk, T. Rang, M. Mihkla, A. Eek, E. Meister, H.-J. Kaalep, J. Harro, A. Metspalu, T. Jürimäe, J. Haberman, A. Miidel, T. Nõges, E. Pihu, A. Raukas, R. Gross, T. Paaver, A. Valdmann, Ü. Tamm, M. Mandre, K. Ots, H. Pärn, J. Klõseiko, T. Rajasalu, V. Vensel, E. Berg, J. Reiljan, U. Varblane, K. Katus, A. Puur, A. Põldma, K. Rebane, M. Hallik, M. Must, A. Univere, E. Juhkam, I. Käsi, V. Lonn, E. Niit, K. Kirme

  12. Lawfare: The Colombian Case

    2010-05-01

    of its jurisdiction. 77 75 Jacques Verges. Estrategia judicial en los procesos politicos...Publishing Ltd., 2008. 55 Mejia, Jean. Situacion Perspectivas y Estrategias Frente a la Defensa del Estado (Situation, Perspectives and Strategies facing...Theses, and Dissertations. 7th Verges, Jacques. Estrategia Judicial de los Procesos Politicos (Judicial Strategy of the Political Processes

  13. Using optical illusions in the shoulder of a cycle path to affect lateral position

    Westerhuis, F.; Jelijs, L.H.; Fuermaier, A.B.M.; de Waard, D.

    An important factor in single-sided accidents of older cyclists is that they ride off the cycle path onto the verge. Two experiments were performed to assess the feasibility of using virtual 3D objects in the verge to affect the lateral position of bicyclists. In the first experiment, different

  14. 77 FR 23463 - Endangered and Threatened Species; Take of Anadromous Fish

    2012-04-19

    ... Capitol Mall, Suite 5-100, Sacramento, CA 95814. Comments may also be submitted via fax to (916) 930-6329..., Sacramento, CA (ph: 916-930-3723, email: [email protected] ). SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The EA is... Division, NMFS, 650 Capitol Mall, Suite 5-100, Sacramento, CA 95814.; or on the Web site http://swr.nmfs...

  15. Potential of Mobile Learning in Teaching of ESL Academic Writing

    Zaki, Arlina Ahmad; Yunus, Melor Md

    2015-01-01

    The potentials of mobile learning in teaching academic writing skills for ESL students are explored in this paper. Although there have been studies on MALL to improve writing skills, academic writing was never really touched. Few aspects are covered like the changes in educational technology, defining MALL, identifying issues in academic writing…

  16. Determinants of Attitudes, Patronage Intentions and the Desire to ...

    Shopping malls are a new concept in Lesotho. Even though scholarship on factors that influence shopping in malls is not new, some findings are inconsistent and inconclusive. Furthermore, consumer psychologists warn against generalising results from different environments because cultures and lifestyles differ. The aim ...

  17. State of the Art of Language Learning Design Using Mobile Technology: Sample Apps and Some Critical Reflection

    Bárcena, Elena; Read, Timothy; Underwood, Joshua; Obari, Hiroyuki; Cojocnean, Diana; Koyama, Toshiko; Pareja-Lora, Antonio; Calle, Cristina; Pomposo, Lourdes; Talaván, Noa; Ávila-Cabrera, José; Ibañez, Ana; Vermeulen, Anna; Jordano, María; Arús-Hita, Jorge; Rodríguez, Pilar; Castrillo, María Dolores; Kétyi, Andras; Selwood, Jaime; Gaved, Mark; Kukulska-Hulme, Agnes

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, experiences from different research groups illustrate the state-of-the-art of Mobile Assisted Language Learning (henceforth, MALL) in formal and non-formal education. These research samples represent recent and on-going progress made in the field of MALL at an international level and offer encouragement for practitioners who are…

  18. ISA 2011 Workshop Report

    Kulik, Lars; Guting, Ralf Hartmut; Lu, Hua

    2012-01-01

    Large indoor spaces such as office complexes and shopping malls have become an important part of our daily lives and research into indoor space is increasingly attracting attention from academia and industry. Indoor space differs from outdoor space in several important aspects such as layout...... often involves the third dimension as office buildings and shopping malls typically have several floors....

  19. Mobile Assisted Language Learning: Review of the Recent Applications of Emerging Mobile Technologies

    Yang, Jaeseok

    2013-01-01

    As mobile computing technologies have been more powerful and inclusive in people's daily life, the issue of mobile assisted language learning (MALL) has also been widely explored in CALL research. Many researches on MALL consider the emerging mobile technologies have considerable potentials for the effective language learning. This review study…

  20. Authorities for Military Operations Against Terrorist Groups: The State of the Debate and Options for Congress

    2016-01-01

    of these operations are high-precision strikes conducted by special forces ground teams or air- ground attack aircraft, such as armed drones , with...The unsettling truth is that the difference between a plot to attack a local mall in Kenya , for example, and a mall in Europe or the United States may

  1. Effects of time of day on shopping behavior.

    Chebat, J C

    1999-04-01

    Shoppers interviewed in a shopping mall at different times of the day show different activities within the mall and attitudes toward the products. Prices also vary with the time of the day. These results can be explained in terms of shopping values and the related demographic characteristics of the population visiting the shopping center at different times of the day.

  2. The Importance of Teaching Preservice Teachers To Interpret Media and Advertising.

    Hall, Katherine L.

    Preservice teachers must learn about the media's impact so that they can educate their future students on how to become more savvy consumers and understand the negative effects of advertising. Students in every grade level can learn not to believe everything they read and see. Because teenagers hang out at malls, malls tend to capitalize on…

  3. Servicio de M-comercio: Sistema de interacción entre un centro comercial y sus visitantes utilizando las tecnologías WAP y Bluetooth M-commerce service: Interaction system between a mall and visitors using WAP and Bluetooth technologies

    Jorge Gómez Rojas; Luis Leonardo Camargo Ariza; Byron Medina Delgado

    2013-01-01

    El servicio de interacción es un medio de comunicación que mejora las relaciones comerciales entre los centros comerciales y sus visitantes, utilizando las tecnologías de comunicaciones móviles WAP y Bluetooth como una nueva alternativa de negocios, y sin usar la red del operador de telefonía móvil celular. El sistema de interacción mencionado permite el intercambio de información de un grupo potencial de compradores entre los visitantes de un centro comercial y la administración de los difer...

  4. PENGARUH KARAKTERISTIK TOKO DAN PRODUK BAGI KONSUMEN DI INDONESIA TERHADAP PEMBELIAN IMPULSIF

    Aditya Halim Perdana Kusuma Putra

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Impulsive buying tendencies can be found in shopping centers such as malls. The number of malls also cause consumer lifestyles  change. Impulsive behavior of puchases is influenced by product characteristics and store characteristics. The purpose of this study is to determine whether the characteristics of stores and products affect the consumer's impulse purchases at malls in Indonesia. This study examines as 435 respondents with descriptive quantitative approach. Questionnaires are disseminated by online system. Data analysis uses a multiple linear regression. Results of this study shows the characteristics of the store and product characteristics significantly affect the impulsive buying. Keywords : Store Characteristic, Product Characteristic , Impulsive Buying

  5. Online Shopping Woes

    Hou Weili

    2011-01-01

    AS a frequent online shopper,Zhou Fangjie,a 28-year-old white-collar worker,was annoyed when she could not open Hanyidushe,an online shop selling Korean-style clothing on Taobao Mall.Her experience resulted from the online protest initiated by small vendors on Taobao Mall,China's largest business to consumer online platform.Thousands of small vendors started the protest against larger established vendors by discrediting them through False orders,forming an anti-Taobao Union and setting up a chat room to devise ways to disrupt operations on Taobao Mall.

  6. Lenguaje: Errores comunes en el lenguaje periodístico. Neologismos en la horma del zapato.

    Espinosa Cordero, Simón

    2002-01-01

    Liz y Jenny van de shopping. -¿A qué mall irán? Irán al "Mall del Sol" y allá van las dos, cual rubias hermanitas de rinseado pelo estyled como se usa en USA. Compran bacon, pancakes, lomo para roast-beef, aftershave para el Johnsito al que le están saliendo los primeros pelos, slips para Kenny, shorts para el Richard, y boxers para que las balls del Joe resalten mejor. Son tan chiquitas, pobrecito. A media mañana se toman un coffee break en la bakery del mall. Y deciden, porque tienen el ...

  7. Where is my car? Examining wayfinding behavior in a parking lot

    Rodrigo Mora

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article examines wayfinding behavior in an extended parking lot belonging to one of the largest shopping malls in Santiago, Chile. About 500 people were followed while going to the mall and returning from it, and their trajectories were mapped and analyzed. The results indicate that inbound paths were, in average, 10% shorter that outbound paths, and that people stopped three times more frequently when leaving the mall than when accessing it. It is argued that these results are in line with previous research on the subject, which stress the importance of environmental information in shaping people`s behavior.

  8. Time for the U.S. to Ratify the Chemical Weapons Convention-A Summary of Events and Arguments

    Sutton, Robert

    1997-01-01

    The world is on the verge of a new Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) that not only closes the loopholes of the 1925 Protocol, but promises to truly eliminate a whole class of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) worldwide...

  9. U.S. Military Interventiuon in Colombia: Strategic and Operational Planning Considerations

    Hernandez, Bryan

    2003-01-01

    Colombia is on the verge of collapse because of the instability generated by leftist guerrilla groups, drug traffickers, and right-wing paramilitaries against the Colombian government and its ability...

  10. Changing technology in transportation : automated vehicles in freight.

    2017-06-27

    The world of transportation is on the verge of undergoing an impactful transformation. Over the past decade, automotive computing technology has progressed far more rapidly than anticipated. Most major auto manufacturers integrated automated features...

  11. The habitat-specific effects of highway proximity on ground-dwelling arthropods: Implications for biodiversity conservation

    Knapp, M.; Saska, P.; Knappová, Jana; Vonička, P.; Moravec, P.; Kůrka, A.; Anděl, P.

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 164, aug.2013 (2013), s. 22-29 ISSN 0006-3207 Institutional support: RVO:67985939 Keywords : dispersal corridor * migration barriers * roadside verges Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 4.036, year: 2013

  12. Archived data management systems : a cross-cutting study : linking operations and planning data

    2005-12-01

    This report examines five transportation agencies that have established and are operating successful ADMSs (Archived Data Management Systems), and one that is on the verge of becoming fully operational. This study discusses the design choices, operat...

  13. BC3I: towards requirements specification for preparing an information security budget

    Dlamini, MT

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The entire business landscape finds itself on the verge of a recession because of ongoing global economic turmoil. Thus, there is a heightened need to minimise and mitigate business risk and scrutinise information spending while ensuring compliance...

  14. Paldiski lood Linnagaleriis

    1998-01-01

    Näitus "Paldiski lood" 29. märtsini Linnagaleriis Tallinnas. TPÜ kunstiüliõpilased on 1997. a. suvisel etnoloogiapraktikal jäädvustanud Paldiski inimesi fotosarjadena, videos, sõnades. Juhendaja Malle Antson.

  15. Vene oma Puhh / Tiit Tuumalu

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2005-01-01

    Videos on saadavad vene animaatori Fjodor Hitruki animafilmid A.A. Milne'i "Karupoeg Puhhi" lugudest, filmitud 1964-1972, nimiosalist dubleerib Malle Peedo. Lindil on ka originaalversioon Jevgeni Leonovi häälega

  16. 77 FR 59899 - U.S. Multi-Sector Trade Mission to South India and Sri Lanka

    2012-10-01

    ... and adjoining a lake is earmarked for hotels, restaurants, malls, casinos and other leisure activities... leisure district and has plans to attract leading international brands and franchises to this major...

  17. Tuul väljal / Ene-Reet Soovik

    Soovik, Ene-Reet

    1997-01-01

    Arvustus: Woolf, Virginia. Esseed/ inglise k. tlk. Malle Talvet, Jaak Rähesoo. Tallinn : Hortus Litterarum, 1997; Woolf, Virginia. Orlando : elulugu / inglise k. tlk. Riina Jesmin. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1997. (Loomingu Raamatukogu; 31-34)

  18. Pop / Tauno Maarpuu

    Maarpuu, Tauno

    2006-01-01

    Heliplaatidest: Scandinavian Music Group "Hölmö rakkaus", Baron Zen "At The Mall", Cave, Nick & Warren Ellis "The Proposition. Original Soundtrack", Eläkeläiset "Humppasirkus", Warren Zevon "Reconsider Me: The Love Songs"

  19. 29 CFR 1926.750 - Scope.

    2010-07-01

    ...; systems-engineered metal buildings; lift slab/tilt-up structures; energy exploration structures; energy production, transfer and storage structures and facilities; auditoriums; malls; amphitheaters; stadiums... structures; hi-bay structures; rail, marine and other transportation structures; sound barriers; water...

  20. Kirjastusuudiseid

    2007-01-01

    Uutest kunstiraamatutest "Meistriteoste lummus. Koopia 19. sajandil" (koostaja Tiina-Mall Kreem), "Priit Pärn" (koostaja Eha Komissarov), "Henn Roode. Modernist saatuse kiuste" (koostaja Kädi Talvoja)

  1. Benefits of Zucchini Crop Cultivation among Farmers in Oluyole ...

    User

    domestic product of the country even when oil prices were high (National ... shopping malls, international hotels, multinational fast-food chains and high profile ... Some popular varieties of zucchini according to Foster (2015) include green.

  2. Näitused / Mari Sobolev

    Sobolev, Mari, 1968-

    1998-01-01

    Vaal-galerii: Peeter Laurits "Taeva Atlas" (gigitaaltehnoloogias kollaazhid); Sammas-galerii: "Maailma nägu"; Tartu Kunstimaja: "Viljandi kunstipäevad Tartus"; Estonia Talveaed: Mall Mets&Erika Pedak "Due Canzoni" (vaibakunst).

  3. Carbon dioxide (CO2) utilizing strain database

    Jane

    2011-10-17

    Oct 17, 2011 ... 1Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), Mall Road, New Delhi110007, India. 2Department of ... be used for the production of biofuels, which can act as ... the fact that besides plant and microalgae, there are.

  4. Get Real About Getting Active

    ... what motivated you in the first place. The health benefits of regular physical activity are too great to ... when life happens! If you prefer to exercise outdoors, find an indoor location like a mall or ...

  5. Paneeldiskussioon [veebipõhisest õpikeskkonnast] / Mart Laanpere

    Laanpere, Mart

    2003-01-01

    Maire Salundi (projekt Learning for Sharing) juhtimisel läbi viidud paneeldiskussioon, milles osalesid Mart Laanepere, Kerttu Lõhmus (AS Trainator Training), Mall Maasik (Audentes Ariko AS) ja Anne Villems (Tartu Ülikool)

  6. Korruptsioon mittetulundusliikumises / Marika K Arendi Elita von Wolsky

    Arendi Elita von Wolsky, Marika K.

    2001-01-01

    Eesti Mittetulundusühingute ja Sihtasutuste Liidus toimunud erakorralisest koosolekust, kus arutati artikli autori avaldusi, mis olid ajendatud tema avalikus kirjas esitatud küsimustest Mall Hellamile. Vt. samas: Kesknädal, 5. dets. 2001, lk. 9

  7. Priglashenije k razmõshleniju / Jelena Leetmaa

    Leetmaa, Jelena, 1962-

    2006-01-01

    Augustikuised kunstinäitused Pärnus - Kaie Kali "Aiapidu II" Endla Teatrigaleriis, Mall Nukke "Väljavaated" Linnagaleriis, "Mänguasjad hansasajast" linnamuuseumis, hollandi kunstnike näitus Rael Arteli galeriis

  8. Laste paradiis! / Maris Takk

    Takk, Maris

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Mänguasjamuuseumi teatri- ja filminukkude maja (Lutsu 8 õuemaja) sise- ja ekspositsiooni kujundus. Kujundajad: Malle Jürgenson, Krista Lepland, Tea Tammelaan, OÜ Laika, Belka & Strelka. Ehitus: AS Restor. Ill.: 2 plaani, 14 värv. vaadet

  9. AFB Directory of Services Listings

    ... radio-talking-book/index.jsp Minnesota STAR Program Centennial Office Building Room 358 658 Cedar Street St. ... and Human Services Nebraska State Office Building 301 Centennial Mall South Lincoln, NE 68508 http://www.adrcnebraska. ...

  10. 41 CFR 105-53.120 - Address and telephone numbers.

    2010-07-01

    ... Ethics and Civil Rights; Office of the Executive Secretariat; Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business... Federal Supply Service is located at Crystal Mall Building 4, 1941 Jefferson Davis Highway, Arlington, VA...

  11. Kuni 16. VIII toimub Loode-Prantsusmaa rannikulinnas Mont-Saint-Michel'is...

    2004-01-01

    Kunstifestival "Quand l'art change la baie" ("Kui kunst merelahte muudab"). Eestist on kutsutud Alice Kask, Kaie Kal, Laurentsius, Peeter Laurits, Mall Nukke, Kadri Kangilaski, Toomas Tõnissoo, kes lisaks maalide eksponeerimisele teevad kohapeal ka heinalinde

  12. AHHAA keskus Tartus = The Ahhaa Science Centre in Tartu / Triin Ojari

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    2011. a. valminud AHHAA teaduskeskuse arhitektid on Ain Padrik ja Vilen Künnapu (AB Künnapu & Padrik), sisearhitektid Tea Tammelaan, Krista Lepland ja Malle Jürgenson (Laika, Belka & Strelka). Projekt: 2008

  13. Kõige suurem stipendiaat on eesti riik / Lea Arme

    Arme, Lea

    1999-01-01

    Kokkuvõte inglise k. lk. 80. Eesti riigi kultuuripoliitika põhialustest ja -toetajatest. Kultuurkapitalist ja Rahvuskultuuri Fondist. Ka intervjuu Kultuurkapitali kirjanduse sihtkapitali nõukogu esimehe Mall Jõgiga

  14. Parimate teenindusraamatute otsinguil / Katrin Aedma

    Aedma, Katrin

    2007-01-01

    Klienditeenindus ning kuidas seda arendada. Tabel: Johari aken. Teenindusraamatute tutvustus: Lars-Olof NΜssén "Parem teenindamine. Kuidas enesearenduse kaudu saavutada klientide rahulolu"; Malle Karjatse "Miks klient rahul ei ole? Kuidas meeldida eesti kliendile"

  15. 40 CFR 93.101 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... centers in the region, major planned developments such as new retail malls, sports complexes, etc., or... definition, vehicle technology-based, fuel-based, and maintenance-based measures which control the emissions...

  16. Kindergarten Lotte, Tartu, Estland / Annette Weckesser

    Weckesser, Annette

    2009-01-01

    Lotte lasteaiast Tartus. Projekteeris arhitektuuribüroo Kavakava (Siiri Vallner, Indrek Peil), interjööri kujundas Laika, Belka & Strelka (Krista Lepland, Malle Jürgenson, Sirli Ehari, Tea Tammelaan)

  17. Download this PDF file

    Criminology, Department of Public Law, University of ... or re-imagine how some aspects of regulation could work in South .... property such as sports stadia, shopping malls and so forth). ... human resources services; consult on matters such.

  18. 76 FR 15553 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Area Sources: Industrial, Commercial...

    2011-03-21

    ... firms to operate and maintain the emissions control systems. Consistent with the legislative history, we... stores/malls, laundries, apartments, restaurants, and hotels/motels. The institutional boiler source...

  19. 75 FR 31895 - National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Area Sources: Industrial, Commercial...

    2010-06-04

    .... Consistent with the legislative history, we can consider costs and economic impacts in determining GACT... establishments such as stores/malls, laundries, apartments, restaurants, and hotels/motels. The institutional...

  20. What Is an Automated External Defibrillator?

    ... such as police, fire service personnel, flight attendants, security guards and other lay rescuers who have been ... venues, shopping malls, airports, airplanes, businesses, convention centers, hotels, schools and doctors’ offices. They should also be ...

  1. Vetshera estonskogo iskusstva / Ruta Pels

    Pels, Ruta, 1960-

    2001-01-01

    Eesti kunsti õhtutest Suurbritannia saadiku residentsis Tallinnnas, partneriks La Galerie Passage. Iga kuu muutuvas kunstikollektsioonis olevatest eesti kunstnike töödest (Rein Tammik, Malle Leis, Sandra Jõgeva jt.)

  2. Ventricular Fibrillation

    ... to the heart with a device called an automated external defibrillator (AED). Treatments to prevent sudden cardiac ... number of places, such as in airplanes, police cars and shopping malls. They can even be purchased ...

  3. Shoprite in Maputo and Lusaka1

    companies such as Shoprite Holdings are amongst the principal investors opening up these new malls. ... contrast to the old central business districts, which are decaying. While ..... can workers had better working conditions. The newspaper is ...

  4. International conference "Cultural Plurality in Estonia : Policies and Solutions"

    2000-01-01

    Ettekandjad: Katrin Saks, Mall Hellam, Mati Luik, Kirsti Häkkinen, Vello Pettai, Ivi Proos, Katri Raik, NiinaOrhimenko, Ib Ostergaard Rasmussen, Urve Läänemets, Jüri Valge, Aleksander Dusman, Raivo Juurak, Rein Ruutsoo

  5. Automated External Defibrillators: Do You Need an AED?

    ... places, including malls, office buildings, sports arenas and airplanes. However, many cardiac arrests occur at home, so ... Accessed Jan. 30, 2017. April 19, 2017 Original article: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-arrhythmia/ ...

  6. Puuduv paradigma : klassitsism : koopia / Linnar Priimägi

    Priimägi, Linnar, 1954-

    2005-01-01

    Näitusekataloog-artiklikogumikust "Meistriteoste lummus : koopia Eestis XIX sajandil : näitus Kadrioru Kunstimuuseumis" (Tallinn : Eesti Kunstimuuseum, 2005), Peeter Lauritsa kujundusest, Tiina Abeli ja Tiina-Mall Kreemi artiklitest

  7. The ''Stadtkante'' building at Dusseldorf. Representative address of the Metro Group; Die Stadtkante in Duesseldorf. Repraesentative Adresse der Metro Group

    Zerres, E.

    2006-07-01

    The 'Stadtkante' building of the Metro Group was commissioned in June 2005. The building houses offices and a shopping mall. It has an aesthetically pleasing architecture and interesting technical features. (orig.)

  8. The Green Team

    The environmental impacts of major development projects – office buildings, shopping malls, sports stadiums, college campuses, and the like -- don’t end with construction. From design and construction to operation and maintenance and all the way through t

  9. Raiders of the Latest Art: American Treasure Trove.

    May, Mary Jo

    1986-01-01

    Lists writing exercises based on observations students can make in a shopping mall. Notes that the exercises are intended to become a springboard for study, description, conjecture, evidence, example, and innovation, and can be combined, expanded, or shortened. (EL)

  10. Lugudest läbi põimunud turundus / Ketlin Rauk

    Rauk, Ketlin

    2011-01-01

    Populaarne viis nii ettevõtte sise- kui ka välisturunduses on lugude jutustamine (storytelling). Koolitajate Anu-Mall Naaritsa, Indrek Maripuu ja Ruti Einpalu kogemused. Swedbanki turundusosakonna juhataja Ines Estrin panga uuest reklaamikonseptsioonist

  11. Infrastructure Innovation: Case Study of the Gautrain

    van der Merwe, J

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available ROODEPOORT NALEDI COSMO RUIMSIG BLUE HILLS SAMRAND LAKEVIEW RHODESFIELD BOKSBURG RANDBURG HONEYDEW EAST RAND MALL OR TAMBO LANSERIA K: Additional Rolling Stock (The Future) Capacity Constraints – Gautrain Project Background Need... RHODESFIELD O.R. TAMBO SAMRAND IRENE TSHWANE EAST HAZELDEAN MAMELODI OLIEVENHOUTSBOSCH SUNNINGHILL FOURWAYS COSMO LITTLE FALLS ROODEPOORT JABULANI RANDBURG LANSERIA EAST RAND MALL BOKSBURG SANDTON 2 LEGEND North – South Commuter East...

  12. Report to the Congress: Information Technology Program

    2006-01-01

    mall” in which “individual boutiques ” could be embedded to respond to tailored needs. To implement the virtual mall, a web portal should be...time to support multi-agency and coalition efforts. 16 As a key “ boutique ” element of the virtual mall it is recommended that a prototype web...environments, perhaps on a “ hoteling ” or shared basis. In this latter area, it should be possible to use DoD laboratories and National laboratories

  13. Ekonomické, prostorové a sociokulturní dopady budování velkých nákupních center

    Janoušková, Linda

    2015-01-01

    This thesis analyzes the economical, spatial and socio-cultural implications of large shop-ping centers on their surroundings. The theoretical part summarizes the current situation in the Czech Republic, compares the international findings and depicts the possible impacts of the mall development. The practical part applies the results to the case of the City Park Jihlava shopping center. It identifies and evaluates particular consequences caused by the construction of this mall and suggests w...

  14. Obchodní centrum, utopie naší doby. Rozbor designu a uspořádání prostoru obchodního centra

    Růžičková, Klára

    2015-01-01

    This diploma thesis focuses on the changes in relationship between man and world around him, his relation to objects, reasons of constant consumption, advertising and motivation to shopping in Shopping Mall. I use the ideas of Jean Baudrillard, which I'm trying to summarize and extend by similar or contradictory thoughts of other authors such as Zygmunt Bauman, Gilles Lipovetsky and Theodor Adorno. My study moves from man's relation to objects, consumption and advertising to the Shopping Mall...

  15. The Relationship between Managerial Satisfaction and Job Turnover Intention: The Mediating Role of Job Satisfaction

    Rüveyda Öztürk Basol; Harun Demirkaya

    2017-01-01

    The growth of service sector in Turkey occurs faster than the other sectors and the number of shopping malls increases correspondingly. The rapid growth of the number of shopping malls has necessitated the measurement of the attitudes of the employees in this sector. This study demonstrated that the gender, marital status and age were not the significant variables on job satisfaction, managerial satisfaction and job turnover intention; however, education status and income...

  16. Presentación del Libro “Anestesia Intravenosa”.

    Alberto Vanegas Saavedra

    2006-09-01

    En los principios generales, consigna un minucioso y ordenado desarrollo histórico, enfocado al dolor desde el papel de los egipcios y los babilonios, pasando por los conceptos de Buda; hace incursión por las teorías de los hindúes, los chinos, los griegos y en particular cita a Teofrasto; llega a Galeno, pasa a Hipócrates e irrumpe con recomendaciones sobre el uso de la amapola, la mandrágora, el cáñamo y el veleño. Transita por Galeno, por las enseñanzas de Aristóteles y Platón, recorre la Edad Media con Avicena, Alberto Magno y Mondino; ingresa al Renacimiento con Eustaquio, Da Vinci, Vesalio, Paracelso; se introduce en la Edad Moderna con Erasmo Darwin, el descubridor del óxido nitroso y Joseph Presley con David, Müller, Simpson, hasta nuestros días con nuestros grandes neurofi siólogos bioingenieros y prohombres de las farmacologías y quirúrgicas que hoy enriquecen la literatura contemporánea en estos campos...

  17. An Analysis of Wintertime Winds in Washington, D.C.

    Berg, Larry K.; Allwine, K Jerry

    2006-06-20

    This report consists of a description of the wintertime climatology of wind speed and wind direction around the National Mall in Washington, D.C. Meteorological data for this study were collected at Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (Reagan National), Dulles International Airport (Dulles), and a set of surface meteorological stations that are located on a number of building tops around the National Mall. A five-year wintertime climatology of wind speed and wind direction measured at Reagan National and Dulles are presented. A more detailed analysis was completed for the period December 2003 through February 2004 using data gathered from stations located around the National Mall, Reagan National, and Dulles. Key findings of our study include the following: * There are systematic differences between the wind speed and wind direction observed at Reagan National and the wind speed and wind direction measured by building top weather stations located in the National Mall. Although Dulles is located much further from the National Mall than Reagan National, there is better agreement between the wind speed and wind direction measured at Dulles and the weather stations in the National Mall. * When the winds are light (less than 3 ms-1 or 7 mph), there are significant differences in the wind directions reported at the various weather stations within the Mall. * Although the mean characteristics of the wind are similar at the various locations, significant, short-term differences are found when the time series are compared. These differences have important implications for the dispersion of airborne contaminants. In support of wintertime special events in the area of the National Mall, we recommend placing four additional meteorological instruments: three additional surface stations, one on the east bank of the Potomac River, one south of the Reflecting Pool (to better define the flow within the Mall), and a surface station near the Herbert C. Hoover Building; and wind

  18. Bidirectional recovery patterns of Mojave Desert vegetation in an aqueduct pipeline corridor after 36 years: I. Perennial shrubs and grasses

    Berry, Kristin H.; Weigand, James F.; Gowan, Timothy A.; Mack, Jeremy S.

    2015-01-01

    We studied recovery of 21 perennial plant species along a severely disturbed aqueduct corridor in a Larrea tridentata-Ambrosia dumosa plant alliance in the Mojave Desert 36 years after construction. The 97-m wide corridor contained a central dirt road and buried aqueduct pipeline. We established transects at 0 m (road verge), 20 m and 40 m into the disturbance corridor, and at 100 m in undisturbed habitat (the control). Although total numbers of shrubs per transect did not vary significantly with distance from the verge, canopy cover of shrubs, species richness, and species diversity were higher in the control than at the verge and other distances. Canopy cover of common shrubs (Ericameria nauseosa, Ambrosia salsola, A. dumosa, L. tridentata, Grayia spinosa) and perennial grasses (Elymus elymoides, Poa secunda) also varied significantly by location. Discriminant analysis clearly separated the four distances based on plant composition. Patterns of recovery were bidirectional: secondary succession from the control into the disturbance corridor and inhibition from the verge in the direction of the control. Time estimated for species composition to resemble the control is dependent on location within the disturbance corridor and could be centuries at the road verge. Our findings have applications to other deserts.

  19. Successful Self-Expandable Metallic Stent Placement for a Case of Distal Rectal Stenosis due to Gastric Cancer Metastasis

    Takuya Okugawa

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available A 47-year-old woman was diagnosed as having advanced gastric cancer with malignant ascites. Despite chemotherapy, recurrent peritoneal dissemination was seen 1.5 years after operation. A computed tomography scan revealed rectal stenosis due to Schnitzler's metastasis. When the distance from the distal end of the obstruction to the anal verge is less than 5 cm, stent replacement has been said to be contraindicated due to the development of anal pain and foreign body sensation. Although the distance from the distal end of the obstruction to the anal verge was 4 cm in this case, a WallFlex™ colonic stent could be placed. She stayed home, and luminal patency remained until she died 270 days after stent insertion. This report demonstrates that rectal obstruction located less than 5 cm from the anal verge due to Schnitzler's metastasis could be treated by stenting without any symptomatic or technical complications.

  20. Female Consumers Recreational Shopping Experiences

    Sarbjot Singh

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The study examines the core meaning of intrinsic shopping to understand their experimental aspects of recreational and leisure shopping. The study focus only on female shoppers of age group ranging from 25-30, and understand their mall experiences because this segment is newly transform into self dependent segment which have less social and familial liabilities and have enough enthusiasm to explore the world or their boundaries. The Grounded theory use for identification of recreational shopping themes which are (a seeking experiences and (b experimental shopping and each have respective sub themes. The themes are connected to the key idea that shoppers are motivated by their expectations and desires. The study uses social constructivism to find and understand the shopper meanings in real terms rather than imposing and judgment on them. The findings described the way people do recreational shopping and how shopping malls use as leisure space and become facilitators of recreational shopping activities. Females use malls to fulfill their recreational and leisure shopping experiences as this is the great way of enjoying shopping for females of small towns. In malls females not only enjoy product experiences but services experiences also which makes their shopping interesting. The way the female of this age category use malls help the marketers and retailers to understand this segment shopping patterns.

  1. Measurements of natural radiation exposure rates in various living environments. 4

    Matsuda, Hideharu

    1993-01-01

    The absorbed dose rates in air due to the terrestrial γ-ray and the cosmic rays were measured on five subway lines in Nagoya City and in the underground shopping malls in Sakae and The Nagoya Station areas as the basic data to estimate the population dose. The mean values of the γ-ray dose rates were 36.3 ± 7.3 nGy/h and 56.1 ± 6.4 nGy/h in the subway lines and in the underground shopping malls, respectively. It is inferred that the variation in the γ-ray dose rate is mainly due to the difference in the concentration of natural radionuclides contained in the building materials of the subway tunnels and of the ceilings of the underground malls. The cosmic ray dose rates lay in the range of ca. 1/2-1/3 of the ground level value due to the shielding effect of the materials covering over the subway tunnels or the underground shopping malls. The mean value of the total dose rate for the gamma and the cosmic rays in the subway lines was about 50% and that in the underground shopping malls was about 20% lower than the value (87.3 nGy/h) on the ground in Nagoya City. (author)

  2. Erbschaftsteuer: Firmenprivilegien begrenzen, Steuerbelastungen strecken

    Stefan Bach

    2015-01-01

    Nach dem Erbschaftsteuer-Urteil des Bundesverfassungsgerichts muss der Gesetzgeber die weitreichenden Vergünstigungen für Unternehmensvermögen begrenzen. Diese haben in den vergangenen Jahren die Hälfte des erbschaftsteuerlich erfassten Vermögens freigestellt. Vor allem hohe Übertragungen, die weitgehend aus Unternehmensvermögen bestehen, profitieren von den Vergünstigungen. In den Jahren 2012 und 2013 waren Erwerbe ab fünf Millionen Euro zu mehr als der Hälfte steuerbefreit, Erwerbe ab 20 Mi...

  3. Great Importance Attached to Intangible Cultural Heritage

    2005-01-01

    @@ Intangible Cultural Heritage on Verge of Extinction? With the acceleration of globalization and modernization, dramatic changes have taken place in China's cultural ecology: intangible cultural heritage is confronted with great challenges and a lot of orally and behaviorally transmitted cultural heritage disappear one after another; a great deal of traditional craftsmanship is on the verge of extinction; a large number of precious objects and materials of historical and cultural values are destroyed,deserted or lost in foreign countries; arbitrary misuse and excessive exploitation of intangible cultural heritage occur from time to time. Therefore, the protection of intangible cultural heritage brooks no delay.

  4. Improved snubber

    Jones, R.G.; Cooper, M.H.

    1983-01-01

    A snubber for disposition between two components for dampening relative motion therebetween and utilising a motion converter for transforming translational into rotary motion includes at least one rotary motion sensor adapted to sense such motion of component(s) of the snubber which are critical to proper snubber action, thereby providing indication of snubber operability. Such component may be the ball screw or inertia wheel of the snubber or the verge wheels or verge. The sensor may utilise a revolution counter, a magnetic position indicator or an acoustical monitor. Electrical signals may be provided for remote readout. (author)

  5. Solar Decathlon 2002: The Event in Review

    Eastment, M.; Hayter, S.; Nahan, R.; Stafford, B.; Warner, C.; Hancock, E.; Howard, R.

    2004-06-01

    This book describes the first Solar Decathlon, a competition for college and university students, which took place on the National Mall in fall 2002. Student teams competed to design, build, and operate the most attractive, energy-efficient house that used only solar energy. In addition to the competition, the Solar Decathlon was also a public event. The book describes the events on the Mall, including technical details about the ten contests that comprised the competition and descriptions of the public's and the media's responses to the event. The book also provides information about the student teams' activities in the year and a half before they arrived to compete on the Mall.

  6. Poly (N-isopropylacrylamide)-functionalized dendrimer as a thermosensitive nanoplatform for delivering malloapelta B against HepG2 cancer cell proliferation

    Ngan Le, Phung; Chuong Pham, Dinh; Hai Nguyen, Dai; Quyen Tran, Ngoc; Dimitrov, Vladimir; Ivanov, Petko; Nguyen Xuan, Cuong; Nguyen, Hoai Nam; Khoa Nguyen, Cuu

    2017-06-01

    In recent years, nanocarriers have emerged as effective platforms for delivering several kinds of herbal medicine and naturally bioactive compounds. In this study we developed an outstanding thermosensitive dendritic nanocarrier to efficiently deliver malloapelta B (Mall B), which is a water insoluble bioactive compound isolated from leaves of Mallotus apelta—Vietnamese medicinal plant. The thermosensitive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) polymer-conjugated polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimer copolymer was prepared via Michael reaction. The copolymer structures were confirmed by proton nuclear magnectic resonance (1H NMR). Morphology of the nanocarrier was observered around 70-120 nm by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Size distributions were measured by dynamic light scattering (DLS) of the nanocarrier and its Mall B-loaded performed at 146.8 nm and 194.5 nm, respectively. The PNIPAM-g-PAMAM-based nanocarrier exhibited higher Mall B loading efficiency (DL  =  59.93  ±  0.19%) and entrapment efficiency (EE  =  89.98  ±  2.06%) as compared to PNIPAM (DL  =  52.54  ±  0.45% and EE  =  66.45  ±  2.78%). In vitro release indicated that approximately 30% amount of the loaded Mall B released at pH 5.5 after 54 h tracking. At the same time, 12.5% amount of the molecules released at pH 7.4.Cytotoxicity assay results showed that the Mall B-loaded nanocarrier significantly inhibited HepG2 cancer cell proliferation. These obtained results indicated that the nanocarrier could solve hydrophobic property of Mall B for further medicine applications.

  7. Filter-extruded liposomes revisited

    Hinna, Askell; Steiniger, Frank; Hupfeld, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    (pore-size, number of filter passages, and flow-rate), flow field-flow fractionation in conjunction with multi-angle laser light scattering (AF4-MALLS, Wyatt Technology Corp., Santa Barbara, CA) was employed. Liposome size-distributions determined by AF4-MALLS were compared with those of dynamic light...... is suggested to prepare large (300 nm) liposomes with rather narrow size distribution, based on the filter extrusion at defined flow-rates in combination with freeze-/ thaw-cycling and bench-top centrifugation....

  8. The Impact of Marketing Mix on Customer Loyalty Towards Plaza Indonesia Shopping Center

    Tjan, Sylvia

    2015-01-01

    As Jakarta is one of the cities with the highest numbers of shopping centers in the world as well as the most populous city in Southeast Asia, it is no surprise if the city is packed with buildings, malls, cars, and people. That is one of the reasons why there is Moratorium of shopping center in Jakarta. Left with 173 malls standing in Jakarta, they have to compete with what is left, the marketing strategy. Shopping centers compete crazily on their marketing in order to gain the loyalty of th...

  9. Shopping centers as attractive spaces for urban mobility. The case of the Community of Madrid

    Cristina López García de Leániz

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Malls have become important focal points of trips in the outskirts of major urban conurbations. These trips take place predominantly in private vehicles, this compromising the objectives of sustainable mobility policies set by most of the metropolis. This article aims at characterizing the mobility patterns attracted by shopping malls within the Madrid metropolitan area. It is based on surveys carried out in eleven large commercial centers. Its departing hypothesis underlines that the location of shopping centers largely determines its incoming travel patterns. Therefore, from the standpoint of public policy, solutions should be addressed more from the perspective of urban planning that from the improvement of infrastructure and transport services.

  10. The Relationship between Managerial Satisfaction and Job Turnover Intention: The Mediating Role of Job Satisfaction

    Rüveyda Öztürk Basol

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The growth of service sector in Turkey occurs faster than the other sectors and the number of shopping malls increases correspondingly. The rapid growth of the number of shopping malls has necessitated the measurement of the attitudes of the employees in this sector. This study demonstrated that the gender, marital status and age were not the significant variables on job satisfaction, managerial satisfaction and job turnover intention; however, education status and income status were found to be significant variables on job satisfaction and job turnover intention. In addition, job satisfaction fully mediated the relationship between managerial satisfaction and job turnover intention.

  11. Autonomous pedestrian localization technique using CMOS camera sensors

    Chun, Chanwoo

    2014-09-01

    We present a pedestrian localization technique that does not need infrastructure. The proposed angle-only measurement method needs specially manufactured shoes. Each shoe has two CMOS cameras and two markers such as LEDs attached on the inward side. The line of sight (LOS) angles towards the two markers on the forward shoe are measured using the two cameras on the other rear shoe. Our simulation results shows that a pedestrian walking down in a shopping mall wearing this device can be accurately guided to the front of a destination store located 100m away, if the floor plan of the mall is available.

  12. Europa Passage, Hamburg. Pumps ensure thermal comfort at all levels; Die Europa Passage in Hamburg. Pumpen sorgen fuer Komfort auf allen Ebenen

    Teders, Klaus

    2009-07-01

    The Europa Passage at Hamburg is a new shopping mall located directly on the Binnenalster river. It was constructed in 2006 and has 30,000 m{sup 2} of shop floor on five levels, which makes it one of Germany's biggest shopping malls. It is frequented every day by up to 40,000 visitors and more than 50,000 visitors on saturdays. In order to ensure optimum comfort even in peak times, the passage is equipped with state-of-the-art technical facilities. Energy-efficient pumps ensure reliable supply of all technical facilities. (orig.)

  13. CANNABIS MEDICINAL

    Alfredo Jácome Roca

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Los estupefacientes han estado presentes en la historia de la medicina desde la antigüedad. La materia médica china (Pen-ts’ao-Ching atribuida al emperador rojo Shen-nung, incluye a la Cannabis indica para reducir el dolor del reumatismo y por sus beneficios en desórdenes digestivos. El láudano (tintura alcohólica de opio, la esponja anestésica (mandrágora con opio, o la teriaca (polifármaco que contenía opio fueron pilar de la lucha contra el dolor y otros males. El opio proviene del jugo de la corteza verde de la adormidera –variedad de amapola- o Papaver somniferum y ha sido reemplazado como potente analgésico de acción central por su alcaloide morfina o por análogos como la meperidina (1. Desde sus orígenes, el ser humano ha buscado alivio en diversas plantas medicinales, la analgesia, la sedación pero también la euforia. El efecto pasajero y la taquifilaxia generada por el uso continuo impulsan un aumento en la frecuencia y en la cantidad de las dosis, perdiéndose sus beneficios y aumentando su toxicidad. En estos casos, disminuye el número y la sensibilidad de los diferentes receptores, fenómeno conocido como down-regulation. Al ser adictivos, el manejo de estos narcóticos debe ser estrictamente médico y fuertemente regulado, cosa de la que se han librado el alcohol y el tabaco. La prohibición del licor solo llevó al enriquecimiento de los contrabandistas. Hay alucinógenos menos villanos como los obtenidos de la Cannabis sativa, aunque no son demasiado benignos.

  14. Simple Activities to Improve Students' Understanding of Microscopic Friction

    Corpuz, Edgar de Guzman; Rebello, N. Sanjay

    2012-01-01

    We are currently on the verge of several breakthroughs in nanoscience and technology, and we need to prepare our citizenry to be scientifically literate about the microscopic world. Previous research shows that students' mental models of friction at the atomic level are significantly influenced by their macroscopic ideas. Most students see…

  15. Synthesis, characterization and gas sensing property of ...

    Unknown

    et al 2000), drug delivery system (Panda et al 2001) and fuel cells (Gross et al 1998a; Verges et al 2000). It has promising application as a chemical gas sensor (Nagai et al .... apatite biomaterial ceramic was compacted into a pellet of 1⋅0 cm diameter having 0⋅15 cm thickness using poly- vinyl alcohol as binder material.

  16. All about Endangered and Extinct Animals. Animal Life for Children. [Videotape].

    2000

    While there are thousands of different animals in the world, some have been extinct for many years and others are on the verge of extinction. In this videotape, students learn about the natural and man-made factors that lead to the endangerment and extinction of animals. Children find out why it is essential for people to help all forms of…

  17. Endangered & Extinct Animals. Animal Life in Action[TM]. Schlessinger Science Library. [Videotape].

    2000

    This 23-minute videotape for grades 5-8, presents the myriad of animal life that exists on the planet. Students can view and perform experiments and investigations that help explain animal traits and habits. Due to environmental factors and human interference, many of Earth's creatures have ceased to exist or are on the verge of extinction. In…

  18. Cosmetics Advertising: A Look at the Foundations.

    Raymond, Nancy

    Social, economic, and popular scientific trends converged in the early twentieth century to support the mass popularity of cosmetics. Twentieth-century magazine ads for personal care and beauty products reflected the contemporary belief that "science" was on the verge of being able to cure almost anything, including physical flaws and…

  19. Oasis in Iraq: Universities Flourish in Kurdistan

    Krieger, Zvika

    2007-01-01

    The campus of Salahadin University--peaceful, bustling, and collegial-- is a rare sight in Iraq, where sectarian violence has brought the higher education system to the verge of collapse. Home to the country's historically repressed four million to five million ethnic Kurds, it is an oasis of stability and tranquility while much of the rest of…

  20. A vagrant subantarctic fur seal Arctocephalus tropicalis found in the ...

    1992-08-24

    Aug 24, 1992 ... S species in the south· ... Fish Gome 55: 330-331. ST AMANT.l.A . ... Fish Gam£ 59: 151-153. ... species are on temperate islands north 01 the Antarctic Polar. Front. .... This species was hunted to the verge of extinction in the.