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Sample records for malgorzata mazurek zbigniew

  1. [An alchemist or swindler? The case of Zbigniew Dunikowski].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Łotysz, Sławomir

    2009-01-01

    In early 1930s the newspapers and street journals in Europe and the United States were frequently reporting on a case of Zbigniew Dunikowski, a Polish engineer, who claimed to be in possession of a secret formula allowing production of gold from ordinary sand and rocks. He believed that most of those materials contain some particles of gold. For the precious metal however, it takes millions of years to precipitate into the ledges that could be mined. His method was based on a conviction, that the process can be accelerated. Although he was nicknamed "Polish alchemist" very soon, his vain promises attracted attention of financiers and even some European political leaders. After few years of futile experiments, he was sued by his impatient financial backers, and arrested. While in detention, he was allowed to make the last attempt to produce gold and regain his repute and freedom. When this attempt failed, the judge sentenced him for two years in prison and ordered him to repay some 3 million francs ($100,000) to his investors. He was also fined with ... 100 francs fine (some 4 dollars). It can not be definitively stated, whether Dunikowski was truly convicted that his formula for making gold could have been working or he acted as a swindler from the very beginning. He exclaimed that the accusation of fraud was caused by bankers, who would never let his method to undermine the status quo of world's economy. The experiments conducted in Ecole Centrale in Paris during his trial, were assisted buy several eminent French scientist. But although the judge sentenced, that Dunikowki's "secret process for turning sand into gold is an impracticable combination of absurdities and contradictions," Polish engineer was still able to find other backers after being released from French prison. We find the traces of his further activity in Italy, Switzerland, Belgium and Philippines. Finally, in early 1950s he ended his journey in the United States as a political refugee.

  2. “The Mute of Kampen” — Hendrik Avercampin Zbigniew Herbert’s Archives

    OpenAIRE

    Magdalena Śniedziewska

    2010-01-01

    The present article analyses the rough drafts of Zbigniew Herbert’s essay on Hendrik Avercamp — the seventeenth century Dutch landscape painter who specialized in winter landscapes and scenes with numerous tiny figures. The author attempts to reconstruct the compositional idea for the essay and establishes facts concerning the research work done by Herbert concerning the life and work of Avercamp, confronts the findings with the present state of research and considers the issue of the biograp...

  3. Malgorzata Kasperska Henryk Bunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    The MarCo Engineering Company Ltd. has its registered seat at Gdynia and was established in 1990. We are the exclusive representative for Poland of the world`s renowned manufacturers of heat distribution network products; Through six subsidiaries (Gdynia, Warsaw, Wroclaw, Cracow, Gliwice and Lublin) and our dealers` network all over Poland the following products and services are offered: (1) automatic control systems for heating and air conditioning; (2) a supervisory remote control system for heat distribution centers; (3) compensating devices for central heating and household hot water installations; (4) radiator thermostatic valves; (5) Meinecke water meters; (6) thermal energy counters; (6) a remote calorimeter data reading system SIOX; (7) an electronic central heating costs sharing system - GT-15; (8) compact thermal stations; and (9) compact and pipe exchangers. The modern, high standard devices offered have achieved much success on the Polish market.

  4. 简评波兰动画大师Zbigniew Rybczy(n)ski短片寓意

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘柱

    2013-01-01

    本文通过对波兰动画大师Zbigniew Rybczy(n)ski的背景挖掘以及对其三部实验短片的简要分析,试图探索该导演影片的艺术风格与短片寓意,从而了解波兰的电影历史与风格特点.选取的三部不同时期的短片,展现了Zbigniew Rybczy(n)ski独特的创意与表现风格,从而最终总结分析出整个波兰的电影风格.

  5. “The Mute of Kampen” — Hendrik Avercampin Zbigniew Herbert’s Archives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magdalena Śniedziewska

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The present article analyses the rough drafts of Zbigniew Herbert’s essay on Hendrik Avercamp — the seventeenth century Dutch landscape painter who specialized in winter landscapes and scenes with numerous tiny figures. The author attempts to reconstruct the compositional idea for the essay and establishes facts concerning the research work done by Herbert concerning the life and work of Avercamp, confronts the findings with the present state of research and considers the issue of the biographical dimension of the painter’s artistic output as one of the keys to solving the interpretative problems of his paintings and the artistic tradition that had influenced the shaping of the Avercamp idiom of paintings. Avercamp’s works are juxtaposed in the article with the landscapes painted by Pieter Bruegel the Elder to show the difference between the visions of the world represented by the two painters. Bruegel, in Herbert’s opinion, is bitter in his reflection on the subject of transiency of human existence. Avercamp, conversely, tends to have a cheerful outlook on life, the world and his compatriots. Avercamp’s paintings allow us to get to know winter customs of the Dutch, their winter outdoor games participated by all — hence a thesis posed by the poet underlying the democratic character of skating rinks. In doing so, Herbert proposes to scrutinize carefully Avercamp’s artistic output within the context of, defined after Schiller, the notion of naivety, understood as “the virtue of accepting reality with humility” adopted from the old masters.

  6. “The Garden of Arts”. Several Remarks on Zbigniew Rybczyński’s Orkiestra [The Orchestra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwona Grodź

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The garden presents itself as an area consciously created by the human being. Its representation is usually actualized in opposition both to what is natural and to what is artificial (e.g. to a city. Over many years now, the garden has been been considered to be a “cultural fossil”, and as such, an object of importance for literary critics, film critics, art historians, musicologists etc., and an anthropological phenomenon, which is demonstrated by contemporary juxtapositions of aesthetics with environmental science, pace Gernot Böhme, or the transcultural aesthetics promoted by Wolfgang Welsch. At this stage, we are very close to full understanding of the phenomenon of garden-topos, as well as the numerous garden metaphors. In Zbigniew Rybczyński’s film Orkiestra there are several areas of author’s interest in the garden created and filmed on a theatrical stage. The garden as a space of life-renewal, symbol of birth and metaphysical rebirth, a renewed experience of fulness. The garden as a space of ordered life, positive energy, areas of joy liberation, a synonym of goodness and ideals. Finally, as the symbol of return to creation, beauty, to the first beginning, to civilized and tame nature.

  7. 布热津斯基社会主义批判五大观点的批判研究述评%Review of Criticizing Research about the Five Main Arguments of Zbigniew Brzezinski's Socialism Criticism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晨晔; 王鹤达

    2012-01-01

    Grand Failure=The Birth and Death of Communism in the Twentieth Century put together the main arguments of Zbigniew Brzezinski's criticizing socialism, and domestic scholars have criticized and studied its' five core views, i.e. the view of socialism being transplanted from West Europe to Russia (So- viet Union) and East Europe, great simplification theory, commercial communism view, theory of outdat- ed Marxism and theory of the inevitable death of communism. All the views fully revealed general pictures of the western scholars and provided a good textbook for our responding. Integrating these views, we have found his three roots: his ignorance of socialism, his misreading of Marxism, and his ideological prejudice. The smooth development and the brilliant achievements of socialism with Chinese characteristics and the continuous crisis and protests in the western countries in recent years have made these views break down.%《大失败:二十世纪共产主义的兴亡》一书集中了布热津斯基批判社会主义的主要理论观点,国内学者对该书五大核心观点,即“俄(苏)社会主义移植论”“大简化理论”“商业共产主义论”“马克思主义过时论”以及“共产主义必然衰亡论”开展了批判研究。布热津斯基的这些观点反映了西方学者社会主义批判理论的概貌,是我们回应这种批判的反面教材。综合考察布热津斯基的这些观点,要么是因为他对社会主义的无知,要么是源于他对马克思主义的误读,要么是出于意识形态的偏见。中国特色社会主义的顺利发展和辉煌成就,以及近年来西方国家连绵不断的危机和抗议活动,已经使这些观点不攻自破。

  8. Viimase suverääni dilemma / Zbigniew Brzezinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brzezinski, Zbigniew

    2006-01-01

    USA välispoliitikast pärast 2001. aasta 11. septembri terroriakti. Poliitilise aktivismi ajaloost ning globaalse poliitilise ärkamise hoogustumisest tänapäeval. Autor leiab, et rahvusvahelisi probleeme aitaks lahendada riikideülene koostöö USA eestvedamisel, mis eeldaks USA globaalse rolli ümbermääratlemist. Globaalse julgeolekualase tippkohtumise nn G-14 kavandamise vajalikkusest

  9. Viimase suverääni dilemma / Zbigniew Brzezinski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brzezinski, Zbigniew

    2006-01-01

    USA välispoliitikast pärast 2001. aasta 11. septembri terroriakti. Poliitilise aktivismi ajaloost ning globaalse poliitilise ärkamise hoogustumisest tänapäeval. Autor leiab, et rahvusvahelisi probleeme aitaks lahendada riikideülene koostöö USA eestvedamisel, mis eeldaks USA globaalse rolli ümbermääratlemist. Globaalse julgeolekualase tippkohtumise nn G-14 kavandamise vajalikkusest

  10. Zbigniew Brzezinski : Gruusia sõda meenutab Soome ründamist / Zbigniew Brzezinski ; interv. Nathan Gardels, tõlk. Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brzezinski, Zbigniew

    2008-01-01

    USA poliitiku sõnul meenutab Putini juhitav Venemaa Hitleri ja Stalini oma, lääne tegevus Venemaa ohjeldamiseks peaks tema hinnangul sõltuma riikide pikaajalistest huvidest, kuid Venemaa tuleks peatada igal juhul. Lisa: Elulugu

  11. Zbigniew Brzezinski : Gruusia sõda meenutab Soome ründamist / Zbigniew Brzezinski ; interv. Nathan Gardels, tõlk. Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brzezinski, Zbigniew

    2008-01-01

    USA poliitiku sõnul meenutab Putini juhitav Venemaa Hitleri ja Stalini oma, lääne tegevus Venemaa ohjeldamiseks peaks tema hinnangul sõltuma riikide pikaajalistest huvidest, kuid Venemaa tuleks peatada igal juhul. Lisa: Elulugu

  12. Experimental and Theoretical Aspects of Excited State Electron Transfer and Related Phenomena: Conference Held in Honour of Zbigniew R. Grabowski in Pultusk, Poland on September 27-October 2, 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-10-01

    28 INTRAMOLECULAR ELECTRON TRANSFER IN PERIPHERALLY HOLYBDATED TETRAPHENYL PORPHYRINS Stefan S. Kurek PoLLtechnika Krahowska, K.rahow. PoLand Natalie H...of a quencher was described by the "all" function of the Smoluchowski-Collins- Kimbal (SCK) model. The results of dynamic quenching were compared with

  13. Eesti kunsti dessant Poolas / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2002-01-01

    Gdanskis Laznia Kunstikeskuses eesti maalikunsti, foto, videokunsti, moe- ja ehtekunsti näitus "Kauguste kahanemine". Kuraator Malgorzata Lisiewicz. Näitusekataloogi artiklid on kirjutanud M. Lisiewicz, H. Treier, M. Sobolev ja K. Kivimaa

  14. Eesti kunst poola silmade kaudu / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2002-01-01

    Poolas Gdanski Laznia keskuses avatud eesti kunsti suurnäitusest, mille koostas Malgorzata Lisiewizc, kes võttis näituse komplekteerimise keskseks märksõnaks "keha". Osaleb 30 kunstnikku, ilmus kataloog. Eksponaatide saatetekstidest

  15. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Proff.Adewunmi

    AstragalosideIV was the active composition of Radix Astragali. AstragalosideIV .... The procedure was performed by the SP staining system. ..... Integrin has the adhesive function and signaling transduction function (Malgorzata, et al., 2010).

  16. Nagu Indiana Jones / Riina Mägi ; komment. Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Riina, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Poola Vabariigi saatkonnas esitleti kahte Hendrik Lillepuu tõlkeraamatut: Herbert, Zbigniew. Valitud luuletused. - Jõgevamaa : H. Lindepuu, 2008 ja Szymborska, Wislawa. Oma aja lapsed. - Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2008

  17. Let Obama be Obama! / Toomas Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Toomas, 1942-

    2010-01-01

    USA politoloogi ja julgeolekueksperdi Zbigniew Brzezinski artiklist "Lootusest julguseni" ajakirjas Foreign Affairs, milles autor lahkab president Barack Obama välispoliitikat. USA Lähis-Ida poliitikast ja USA- Iisraeli suhetest

  18. Mis saab Iraagist? / Aadu Hiietamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiietamm, Aadu, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    Iraagi Islamipartei teatas otsusest mitte osaleda jaanuaris toimuvatel parlamendivalimistel. Osama bin Laden kutsus iraaklasi üles valimisi boikoteerima. USA endine julgeolekunõunik Zbigniew Brzezinski kritiseeris USA sõda Iraagis

  19. Baltic Quest for a Hungarian Path, 1965 / Rein Taagepera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taagepera, Rein, 1933-

    2013-01-01

    1965. aastal H. Raagi, H. Susi ja R. Taagepera poolt koostatud ja levitatud satelliitsusmemorandumist, mille idee oli kehtestada Balti riikides rahvademokraatia ja riikidele spetsiaalne satelliitrežiim; Zbigniew Brzezinski rollist memorandumi vahendajana; memorandumi mõju nende autorite eludele

  20. Poola luule ime / Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljataga, Märt, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Arvustus: Rozewicz, Tadeusz. Alati fragment / tlk. Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2007 ; Herbert, Zbigniew. Valitud luuletused / tlk. Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2008 ; Szymborska, Wislawa. Oma aja lapsed / tlk. Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2008

  1. Baltic Quest for a Hungarian Path, 1965 / Rein Taagepera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taagepera, Rein, 1933-

    2013-01-01

    1965. aastal H. Raagi, H. Susi ja R. Taagepera poolt koostatud ja levitatud satelliitsusmemorandumist, mille idee oli kehtestada Balti riikides rahvademokraatia ja riikidele spetsiaalne satelliitrežiim; Zbigniew Brzezinski rollist memorandumi vahendajana; memorandumi mõju nende autorite eludele

  2. Rzeźba, architektura i muzyka w wybranych wierszach Zbigniewa Herberta

    OpenAIRE

    Dworakowska-Marinow, Dominika; Gajak-Toczek, Małgorzata

    2008-01-01

    The paper deals with inter-semiotic relation of texts written by Zbigniew Herbert (1924-1998), especially with a poetic form of „translating” non-literary art into a language of lyrics. The main observation field concerns inter-textual relations, an artistic style of translation and a style correspondence between arts: poetry, sculpture and music. There are some suggestions about the creative way of teaching Zbigniew Herbert in secondary school. Zadanie pt. „Digitalizacja i udo...

  3. Poola Nike 2008 / Hendrik Lindepuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindepuu, Hendrik

    2008-01-01

    Poola mainekaima kirjandusauhinna Nike pälvis tänavu Olga Tokarczuki romaan "Jooksjad". Nominendid olid veel: Bronislaw Swiderski "Surma assistent", Krzysztof Varga "Hauakivi terrasiidiga", Andrzej Sosnowski "Pärast vikerkaart", Andrzej Szczeklik "Kore. Haigetest, haigusest ja hinge otsinguist", Wlodzimierz Nowaki "Pea ümbermõõt" ja Malgorzata Szejnerti "Must aed"

  4. Poola Nike 2008 / Hendrik Lindepuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lindepuu, Hendrik

    2008-01-01

    Poola mainekaima kirjandusauhinna Nike pälvis tänavu Olga Tokarczuki romaan "Jooksjad". Nominendid olid veel: Bronislaw Swiderski "Surma assistent", Krzysztof Varga "Hauakivi terrasiidiga", Andrzej Sosnowski "Pärast vikerkaart", Andrzej Szczeklik "Kore. Haigetest, haigusest ja hinge otsinguist", Wlodzimierz Nowaki "Pea ümbermõõt" ja Malgorzata Szejnerti "Must aed"

  5. Science of Security Lablet - Scalability and Usability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-16

    Komanduri, , Joel Lee, , Michael Maass, , Michelle Mazurek, , Timothy Passaro,, Richard Shay, , Timothy Vidas , , Lujo Bauer, , Nicolas Christin, , Lorrie...develop the proposed security requirements patterns. Dr. Niu plans to contribute to the proposed research for the following tasks scheduled for Year...Her extensive expertise in these areas positions her well to develop the proposed security requirements patterns. Dr. Niu plans to contribute to the

  6. Classifying network attack scenarios using an ontology

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Van Heerden, RP

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available map: ? Security Policy & Short Term Time Scale o Social Engineering ? Information phishing ? Trojan ? Security Policy & Long Term Time Scale o Policy oversight ? Poor planning ? Poor control (weak passwords) ? Technology & Short Term Time... denial of service attacks and countermeasures. Princeton University Department of Electrical Engineering Technical Report CE-L2001-002, Kelley, P., Komanduri, S., Mazurek, M. L., Shay, R., Vidas, T., Bauer, L., et al. (2011). Guess again (and again...

  7. Within-Subject Interlaboratory Variability of QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    Jaffar3,5¤c, Wanzer Drane7, David Maserang8¤d, Gerald H. Mazurek1 1 Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta...Georgia, United States of America, 2 Department of Medicine, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, United States of America, 3 Epidemiology ...QuantiFERONH-TB Gold In-Tube test (QFT-GIT) is a viable alternative to the tuberculin skin test (TST) for detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection

  8. Altered Gastrointestinal Function in the Neuroligin-3 Mouse Model of Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    Aggression in children and adolescents with ASD: prevalence and risk factors . J Autism Dev Disord 2011; 41(7): 926-937. 5. Betancur C, Sakurai T... obsessive compulsive disorder , and social anxiety disorder are most frequently observed. A significant proportion of patients with ASD also suffer...and Mazurek, M. O. (2011). Aggression in children and adolescents with ASD: prevalence and risk factors . J. Autism Dev. Disord . 41, 926–937. doi

  9. Preface

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    This special issue of Optical Materials honors Professor Georges Boulon (Picture 1) for his leadership as the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Optical Materials (2003-2014) and his significant and exceptional contributions to the area of optical materials. He and his team, Drs. Malgorzata Guzik, Dariusz Hreniak and Joanna Cybinska (Picture 2), were responsible for establishing Journal of Optical Materials as a leading journal reporting on the science of optical materials.

  10. Awarding Ceremony and New Arrivals of Blissliving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The long expected Lan-Blisslivinghome Global Home Design Contest announced the winners on April 17 in Beijing.Young designers,Wang Yingying from Beijing and Qiang Xiaoning from Shanxi stood out from the crowd and won the first and second prize respectively.Malgorzata Czuchraj from Poland ranks the third.On the awarding ceremony,Blisslivinghome presented its autumn and winter new arrivals.

  11. Assessment of chicken protection against Campylobacter jejuni infection by immunization with avirulent Salmonella enterica sv. Typhimurium strain producing Campylobacter CjaD/Pal protein

    OpenAIRE

    Łaniewski P; Lis M.; Wyszyńska A; Majewski P; Godlewska R; Jagusztyn-Krynicka EK

    2012-01-01

    Pawel Laniewski,1 Malgorzata Lis,2 Agnieszka Wyszynska,1 Pawel Majewski,3 Renata Godlewska,1 Elzbieta Katarzyna Jagusztyn-Krynicka11Department of Bacterial Genetics, Institute of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland; 2Biowet Pulawy Ltd, Pulawy, Poland; 3Department of Vertebrate Physiology, Institute of Zoology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, PolandAbstract: Campylobacter jejuni is a major food-borne pathogen, causing gastroenteritis worldwi...

  12. Poola luule ime / Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljataga, Märt, 1965-

    2008-01-01

    Rets. rmt. : Różewicz, Tadeusz. Alati fragment / poola keelest tõlkinud Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : Hendrik Lindepuu Kirjastus, 2007; Herbert, Zbigniew. Valitud luuletused / poola keelest tõlkinud Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2008; Szymborska, Wislawa. Oma aja lapsed / poola keelest tõlkinud Hendrik Lindepuu. Laiuse : H. Lindepuu, 2008

  13. The Medicinal Chemistry of Botulinum, Ricin and Anthrax Toxins

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-01-01

    North Korea that botulism is the accurate diagnosis. Similar entities such and Syria are believed to be actively involved in the as Guillain - Barre ...Utniversitv ol"Liege. Liege, Belgium) Zbigniew J. Witezak (Wilkes University, Wilkes- Barre , LISA) Subscriptions: Current Medicinal Chemistry (ISSN: 0929-8673

  14. The Soviet-West European Energy Relationship: Implications of the Shift from Oil to Gas,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-06-01

    currency energy exports. (- RESUME Ce rapport examine d’une perspective historique les exportations soviftiques de p6trole et de gaz naturel vers...on shipment of graink phosphates and goods destined for the 1980 Olympic games. With the support of Senator -enrv Jackson, Zbigniew Brzezinski had

  15. HLoader – Automated Incremental Hadoop Data Loader Service and Framework

    CERN Document Server

    Stein, Dániel

    2015-01-01

    For 10 weeks —from 15th of June to 21st of August— I was a Summer Student at the CERN Database Group. This report summarizes my project and my progress. Supervisors: Kacper Surdy, Zbigniew Baranowski. Project ID: 15465.

  16. Neetud Siber / Mihkel Mutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutt, Mihkel, 1953-

    2004-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Brzezinski, Zbigniew. Suur malelaud. Tallinn, 2003 ; Sergejev, Vladimir ; Vseviov, David. Venemaa - lähedane ja kauge. Tallinn, 2002 ; Figes, Orlando. Natasha tants. Venemaa kultuurilugu. Tallinn, 2003 ; Lotman, Juri. Vestlusi vene kultuurist. Vene aadli argielu ja traditsioonid 18. sajandil ja 19. sajandi algul. 1. köide. Tallinn, 2003

  17. Balti "Ungari tee" taotlus 1965 / Rein Taagepera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taagepera, Rein, 1933-

    2010-01-01

    1965. aastal H. Raagi, H. Susi ja R. Taagepera poolt koostatud ja levitatud satelliitsusmemorandumist, milles toodi välja idee kehtestada Balti riikides rahvademokraatia; Zbigniew Brzezinski rollist memorandumi vahendajana ning selle avaldamisele järgnenud vastukajadest ja tegevustest kuni aastani 1973

  18. Filmimaailm / Aare Ermel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ermel, Aare, 1957-2013

    2009-01-01

    Lühisõnumei filmimaailmast: Brittidel uus filmiajakiri Filmstar Magazine. Suurbritannia ajalehes Telegraph ilmunud nimekirjast, mis sisaldab viimaste aastakümnete skandaalsemaid ja vastuolulisemaid filme. Lahkus poola näitleja, draamalavastaja ja - pedagoog Zbigniew Zapasiewicz (13.09 1934 - 14.07 2009)

  19. Brzezinski : USA otsib ajendit sõjaks Iraaniga kas või provotseerides

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    President Jimmy Carteri aegne riikliku julgeolekunõukogu juht Zbigniew Brzezinski on seisukohal, et sõda Iraagis on ajalooline, strateegiline ja moraalne õnnetus. Ta esitas ka mõeldava stsenaarium, kuidas võidakse jõuda sõjani Iraaniga

  20. Poland at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Press Office. Geneva

    2000-01-01

    On 17 October 2000, the second Polish industrial and technological exhibition opens at CERN*. The first one was held five years ago and nine of the companies that were present then have come back again this year. Six of those companies were awarded contracts with CERN in 1995. Three Polish officials were present at the Opening Ceremony today: Mrs Malgorzata Kozlowska, Under-secretary of State in the State Committee for Scientific Research, Mr Henryk Ogryczak, Under-secretary of State in Ministry of Economy and Prof. Jerzy Niewodniczanski, President of National Atomic Energy Agency.

  1. Response to “Oral health in the elderly patient and its impact on general well-being: a nonsystematic review” paper

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muc-Wierzgoń M

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Malgorzata Muc-Wierzgoń, Teresa Kokot, Ewa Nowakowska-Zajdel, Adam Błażelonis, Edyta Fatyga Department of Internal Medicine, Silesian Medical University, Bytom, PolandDear editorGil-Montoya et al has recently published an interesting article in Clinical Interventions in Aging entitled: “Oral health in the elderly patient and its impact on general well-being: a nonsystematic review”.1 Authors presented a non-systematic review of the published data regarding the oral health status of the elderly and its main repercussions, including its impact on general health and nutrition.View original paper by Gil-Montoya and colleagues.

  2. Bushi hämmastav saavutus / Jonathan Freedland ; tõlk. Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Freedland, Jonathan

    2007-01-01

    USA presidendi G. W. Bushi ja tema administratsiooni välispoliitika, eriti ebaõnnestunud Iraagi invasioon, on halvendanud Ameerika positsiooni maailmas ja muutnud riigi pigem haavatavamaks kui turvalisemaks. Arvamusartikkel kolmest raamatust: Chalmers Johnson. Nemesis : The Last Days of the American Republic. Metropolitan Books, 2007; Zbigniew Brzezinski. Second chance : Three Presidents and the Crisis of American Superpower. Basic Books, 2007; Dennis Ross. Statecraft and How to Restore America's Standing in the World. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2007

  3. Bases in Function Spaces on Compact Sets

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    proof of this property, we refer e.g. to Ch. Watari (1964) [31]. The unconditional basic constant for the Haar system in Lp(I) appears to be equal to max... Watari , Ch., Mean convergence of Walsh Fourier series, T6hoku Math. J. (2) 16 (1964), 183-188. Zbigniew Ciesielski Instytut Matematyczny PAN ul. Abrahama 18 81-825 Sopot, Poland Z. Ciesie1ski~impan .gda. p1

  4. Japan’s Rearmament Dilemma: Obstacles to Rearmament.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    world, surely Japan could afford to spend more for her defense if she needed to, but the fact remains Japan has chosen not to rearm massively. The last...upon the military power of the U.S., relieved Japan of costly military expenditures . Zbigniew Brezezinski has pointed out that Japan’s low defense ...first" policy, which has been supported in a large measure by the minimal defense spendings , is under severe strain. As Japan saw a continuing U.S

  5. Semigroups of Operators on Hardy Spaces and Cocycles of Flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-07-01

    SEMIGROUPS OF OPERATORS ON HARDY SPACES AND COCYCLES OF FLOWS By Farhad Jafari Zbigniew Slodkowski and Thomas Tonev IMA Preprint Series # 2220 ( July...SUBTITLE Semigroups of Operators on Hardy Spaces and Cocycles of Flows 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S...PAGE unclassified Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 SEMIGROUPS OF OPERATORS ON HARDY SPACES AND COCYCLES OF FLOWS FARHAD

  6. "Niemowa z Kampen" — Hendrick Avercamp w Archiwum Z bigniewa Herberta

    OpenAIRE

    Śniedziewska, Magdalena

    2010-01-01

    The present article analyses the rough drafts of Zbigniew Herbert's essay on Hendrik Avercamp — the seventeenth century Dutch landscape painter who specialized in winter landscapes and scenes with numerous tiny figures. The author attempts to reconstruct the compositional idea for the essay and establishes facts concerning the research work done by Herbert concerning the life and work of Avercamp, confronts the findings with the present state of research and considers the issue of th...

  7. Bushi hämmastav saavutus / Jonathan Freedland ; tõlk. Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Freedland, Jonathan

    2007-01-01

    USA presidendi G. W. Bushi ja tema administratsiooni välispoliitika, eriti ebaõnnestunud Iraagi invasioon, on halvendanud Ameerika positsiooni maailmas ja muutnud riigi pigem haavatavamaks kui turvalisemaks. Arvamusartikkel kolmest raamatust: Chalmers Johnson. Nemesis : The Last Days of the American Republic. Metropolitan Books, 2007; Zbigniew Brzezinski. Second chance : Three Presidents and the Crisis of American Superpower. Basic Books, 2007; Dennis Ross. Statecraft and How to Restore America's Standing in the World. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2007

  8. A Genetic Algorithm for UAV Routing Integrated with a Parallel Swarm Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    Conference. 2004. 18. Costa, D. and A. Hertz. “Ants Can Colour Graphs”. Journal of the Operational Research Society, 48:295–305, 1997. 19. Crichton ... Michael . Prey. Avon, 2003. 227 20. Czech, Zbigniew J. and Piotr Czarnas. “Parallel Simulated Annealing for the Vehicle Rout- ing Problem with Time Windows...Angus Simpson, Andrew Roberts, Matthew Berrisford, and Michael Leonard. “Max-Min Ant System Applied to Water Distribution System Optimisation”. MODSIM

  9. President Ilves at CSIS Statesmen's Forum in Washington / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    Järg 9. aug. 2007, lk. 12; 16. aug. 2007, lk. 12; 23. aug. 2007, lk. 12. President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese sõnavõtt mõttekoja Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS) korraldatud foorumil Washingtonis 27. juunil 2007. Eesti riigipea kõneles "uue Euroopa" definitsioonist ning vastas küsimustele energia- ja küberjulgeoleku teemadel. Presidendi sõnavõtu juhatas sisse CSIS nõunik Zbigniew Brzezinski

  10. JPRS Report, East Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Across Polish-Soviet Border [Andrzej Malinowski Interview; GAZETA POZNANSKA, 16 Sep 87] 35 Szalaida on Polish-Soviet Electronics Cooperation [Zbigniew...Across Polish-Soviet Border 26000029b Poznan GAZETA POZNANSKA in Polish 16Sep87p4 [Interview with Andrzej Malinowski , Deputy Minister of Domestic...countries, are arousing interest. I asked the Deputy Minister of Domestic Trade and Services, Andr- zej Malinowski , to talk to us on this subject

  11. Swarming Reconnaissance Using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in a Parallel Discrete Event Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-03-01

    for Congress.” Report for Congress, April 2003. p.9 (five major). 159 14. Brown, David A., “Medusa’s Mirror: Stepping Forward to Look Back "Future UAV...Defense Information (February 2002). http://www.cdi.org/terrorism/ predator.cfm. 165 90. Schricker, Bradely C., et al. “Fidelity Evaluation Framework...yao02cougar.html. 111. Zbigniew Michalewicz, David B. Fogel. How to Solve It: Modern Heuristics. ACM Com- puting Classification, Springer-Verlag Bierline

  12. President Ilves at CSIS Statesmen's Forum in Washington / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    Järg 9. aug. 2007, lk. 12; 16. aug. 2007, lk. 12; 23. aug. 2007, lk. 12. President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese sõnavõtt mõttekoja Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS) korraldatud foorumil Washingtonis 27. juunil 2007. Eesti riigipea kõneles "uue Euroopa" definitsioonist ning vastas küsimustele energia- ja küberjulgeoleku teemadel. Presidendi sõnavõtu juhatas sisse CSIS nõunik Zbigniew Brzezinski

  13. Polish Industry and Art at CERN

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    On 17 October 2000 the second Polish industrial and technological exhibition opened at CERN. The first one was held five years ago and nine of the companies that were present then have come back again this year. Six of those companies were awarded contracts with CERN in 1995. Three Polish officials were present at the Opening Ceremony today: Mrs Malgorzata Kozlowska, Under-secretary of State in the State Committee for Scientific Research, Mr Henryk Ogryczak, Under-secretary of State in Ministry of Economy and Prof. Jerzy Niewodniczanski, President of National Atomic Energy Agency. Professor Luciano Maiani welcomed the Polish delegation to CERN and stressed the important contribution of Polish scientists and industrialists to the work of the laboratory. Director General Luciano Maiani (back left) and head of SPL division Karl-Heinz Kissler (back right) visit the Poland at CERN exhibition… The exhibition offers Polish companies the opportunity to establish professional contacts with CERN. Nineteen companies...

  14. Radiation damage of biomolecular systems: Nano-scale insights into Ion-beam cancer therapy. 2nd Nano-IBCT conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Śmiałek, Małgorzata A.; Limão-Vieira, Paulo; Mason, Nigel J.; Solov'yov, Andrey V.

    2014-10-01

    The second Nano-IBCT conference of the COST Action MP1002: Nanoscale Insights into Ion Beam Cancer Therapy was held in Sopot, Poland, from May 20th to May 24th, 2013. The Nano-IBCT action had been launched in December 2010 and brings together experts from different disciplines (physics, chemistry, biology, hadron-therapy centres, medical institutions), with specialisms in the radiation damage of biological matter. This meeting follows up the first one that was held in October, 2011 in Caen, France and we were pleased to see again so many of the participants of the previous meeting as well as to welcome some new colleagues joining and sharing their knowledge and expertise in this field. Contribution to the Topical Issue "Nano-scale Insights into Ion-beam Cancer Therapy", edited by Andrey V. Solov'yov, Nigel Mason, Paulo Limão-Vieira and Malgorzata Smialek-Telega.

  15. A Novel Approach for Solving Travelling Salesman Problem and Compare Its Performance with Inver-Over Operator of Genetic Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Tauhid Zuhori

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The traveling salesman problem (TSP is one of the most widely studied NP hard combinatorial optimization problems and has already solved in the semi-optimal manners using numbers of different methods. Among them, Genetic Algorithms (GA are pre-dominating. In this paper I solve the problem with a new operator, Inver-over, for an evolutionary algorithm for the TSP. This operator outperforms all other 'genetic' operators, whether unary or binary, which was first introduced by Guo Tao and Zbigniew Michalewicz. I also propose a new algorithm for solving TSP. To get a comparative idea of the performance of these algorithms I solve same problems with the two algorithms. The performance analysis shows that my proposed algorithm produces relatively better solutions in the case of the tour length every time. But when we increase the cities it takes more time to solve than the Inver-Over operator for TSP.

  16. Československý komunistický režim v letech 1985 – 1989

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Civín

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the Czechoslovak communist regime in the period 1985 – 1989. The author analyses character of the communist regime, the special features of the liberation and the fall of this regime. He applies theories of Carl J. Friedrich, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Juan J. Linz, Alfred Stepan, Gordon Skilling, Wolfgang Merkel, Herbert Kitschelt, Adam Przeworski and others. In author’s opinion the Czechoslovak communist regime was a ”melting” post-totalitarianism. It is a special category of post-totalitarian regimes that gives together natures of Linz´s and Stepan´s ”frozen” and ”mature” post-totalitarianism and Skilling´s ”consultative” and ”quasi-pluralistic” post-totalitarianism. The specific character of the Czechoslovak communist regime resulted in the ”negotiated collapse”.

  17. Figurations of memory in the virtual field of art (history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lipiński, Filip

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the location of memory and its relations with perception in contemporary art, as well as how memory takes part and resurfaces in artistic practice. I point to the impossibility of introducing a division between individual and collective memory and I refer to the notion of virtuality, which defines the immaterial visuality of memory coming into interaction with the perceived image that constitutes the expanded field of the process of construction and reception of an art work. In the second part of the text I provide a detailed analysis of means of visualising memory – the manifestations of its work that diversify the initial image – in the work of four artists: Zbigniew Libera, Gerhard Richter, Ken Aptekar and Izabella Gustowska. In conclusion, following Rosalind Krauss, I point to the necessity of redefining and "remembering" about the medium in contemporary art, with memory, in the context of the analysed works, as its founding element.

  18. Selling the Arc of Crisis: Promoting Foreign Policy Change during the Carter Presidency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    da Vinha Luis

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Carter Administration came to Office seeking to continue a policy of détente. However, the Administration’s policy vis-à-vis the Soviets became more assertive throughout the Presidency, culminating in the Carter Doctrine. The current paper applies a conceptual framework for “issue selling” to argue that a more assertive foreign policy was being promoted by the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs and his NSC staff since the early days of the Carter Presidency. By applying an assortment of issue selling strategies, Zbigniew Brzezinski and the NSC staff were able to exploit the communicative interactions amongst the political leadership to continuously promote a more forceful US policy towards the Soviets. By being able to interpret and define the problem representation facing the Administration, the APNSA was able initiate and continuously promote a wholesale policy transformation leading to the development of the Carter Doctrine.

  19. Addendum to: Gen. Rel. Grav. 28 (1996) 1161, First Prize Essay for 1996: Neutrino Oscillations and Supernovae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahluwalia-Khalilova, D. V.

    2004-09-01

    In a 1996 JRO Fellowship Research Proposal (Los Alamos), the author suggested that neutrino oscillations may provide a powerful indirect energy transport mechanism to supernovae explosions. The principal aim of this addendum is to present the relevant unedited text of Section 1 of that proposal. We then briefly remind, (a) of an early suggestion of Mazurek on vacuum neutrino oscillations and their relevance to supernovae explosion, and (b) Wolfenstein's result on suppression of the effect by matter effects. We conclude that whether or not neutrino oscillations play a significant role in supernovae explosions shall depend if there are shells/regions of space in stellar collapse where matter effects play no essential role. Should such regions exist in actual astrophysical situations, the final outcome of neutrino oscillations on supernovae explosions shall depend, in part, on whether or not the LNSD signal is confirmed. Importantly, the reader is reminded that neutrino oscillations form a set of flavor-oscillation clocks and these clock suffer gravitational redshift which can be as large as 20 percent. This effect must be incorporated fully into any calculation of supernova explosion.

  20. Long-term maintenance lorazepam for catatonia: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grover, Sandeep; Aggarwal, Munish

    2011-01-01

    Catatonia is described as a syndrome of motor abnormality associated with the disorder of thought, behavior and emotions. Lorazepam has been shown to be useful in the short-term management of catatonia [Ungvari G.S., Kau L.S., Wai-Kwong T., Shing N.F., The pharmacological treatment of catatonia: an overview. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2001;251(suppl 1):31-34; Daniels J., Catatonia: clinical aspects and neurobiological correlates. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 2009;21:371-380]. However, there is sparse literature with respect to patients requiring long-term maintenance lorazepam for catatonia. Manjunatha et al. [Manjunatha N., Saddichha S., Khess C.R.J., Idiopathic recurrent catatonia needs maintenance lorazepam: case report and review. Aust NZ J Psychiatry 2007;41:625-627] described a case which required long-term maintenance lorazepam for recurrent catatonia that was unresponsive to most antipsychotics. Gaind et al. [Gaind G.S., Rosebush P.I., Mazurek M.F., Lorazepam treatment of acute and chronic catatonia in two mentally retarded brothers. J Clin Psychiatry 1994;55:20-23] described the use of maintenance lorazepam in a mentally retarded boy with catatonia of 5 years' duration, which improved slowly over a period of 5 months. We present a case of recurrent catatonia, in which symptoms relapsed whenever an attempt was made to taper off lorazepam.

  1. Gospodarka niedoborów i alienacja pracy w reżimie biurokratycznym. Przypadek ZSRR i PRL.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paweł Szelegieniec

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article attempts to present the question of the economic shortages and their connection with the  alienation of labour in the post-capitalist bureaucratic regimes in Soviet Union and Poland. To analyse the problem I start with material conditions which were basis for the reproduction of the Stalinist power, that is bureaucratic planning, control over the labour and production process by the party apparatus, and I also try to describe the impact of these factors towards the working class. The main sources for my study are the writings of the Hungarian economist János Kornai to analyse the roots of the phenomenon of the good hunger and its social costs, and also the Trotsky's analysis of Stalinist bureaucratism. To show the problems of the alienation of labour I use the works of Bob Arnot (about the “negative workers' control”, or Vladimir Andreff (arrhythmical production process. The Polish authors, such as Małgorzata Mazurek or Błażej Brzostek, were also helpful.

  2. An Important Contribution to the Studies on Apocryphal Literature. The Gospel of Nicodemus in Poland: Latin Textual Tradition and Polish Translation Un importante contributo allo studio degli apocrifi. Il Vangelo di Nicodemo in Polonia: tradizione latina e traduzione polacca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcello Piacentini

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The critical edition of Gesta Pilati in the Polish translation, which was edited together with a Latin text of this famous account, is one of the most important outcomes for studies on apocryphal literature. Medievalist scholar Zbigniew Izydorczk points out that the 1509 Latin manuscript kept in the Jagellonian Library reflects the traces of the earliest Latin translation of this account. Polish philologist Wiesław Wydra demonstrates that the Polish translation dating back to the end of XV Century derives from the same redaction of the Latin text handed down by the 1509 manuscript. Yet some differences suggest that the 1509 manuscript is not the direct antigraph of the translation. Indeed there exists another witness (PAU 1713 which belongs to the same family as the 1509. The Polish translation clearly agrees partly with the 1509 one, partly with the PAU 1713 one.The critical edition of Gesta Pilati in the Polish translation, which was edited together with a Latin text of this famous account, is one of the most important outcomes for studies on apocryphal literature. Medievalist scholar Zbigniew Izydorczk points out that the 1509 Latin manuscript kept in the Jagellonian Library reflects the traces of the earliest Latin translation of this account. Polish philologist Wiesław Wydra demonstrates that the Polish translation dating back to the end of XV Century derives from the same redaction of the Latin text handed down by the 1509 manuscript. Yet some differences suggest that the 1509 manuscript is not the direct antigraph of the translation. Indeed there exists another witness (PAU 1713 which belongs to the same family as the 1509. The Polish translation clearly agrees partly with the 1509 one, partly with the PAU 1713 one.

  3. Design and characteristics of cytotoxic fibroblast growth factor 1 conjugate for fibroblast growth factor receptor-targeted cancer therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szlachcic A

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Anna Szlachcic, Malgorzata Zakrzewska, Michal Lobocki, Piotr Jakimowicz, Jacek Otlewski Department of Protein Engineering, Faculty of Biotechnology, University of Wroclaw, Wroclaw, Poland Abstract: Fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs are attractive candidate cancer therapy targets as they are overexpressed in multiple types of tumors, such as breast, prostate, bladder, and lung cancer. In this study, a natural ligand of FGFR, an engineered variant of fibroblast growth factor 1 (FGF1V, was conjugated to a potent cytotoxic drug, monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE, and used as a targeting agent for cancer cells overexpressing FGFRs, similar to antibodies in antibody–drug conjugates. The FGF1V–valine–citrulline–MMAE conjugate showed a favorable stability profile, bound FGFRs on the cell surface specifically, and efficiently released the drug (MMAE upon cleavage by the lysosomal protease cathepsin B. Importantly, the conjugate showed a prominent cytotoxic effect toward cell lines expressing FGFR. FGF1V–vcMMAE was highly cytotoxic at concentrations even an order of magnitude lower than those found for free MMAE. This effect was FGFR-specific as cells lacking FGFR did not show any increased mortality. Keywords: fibroblast growth factor 1, FGF receptor, targeted cancer therapy, cytotoxic conjugates, FGFR-dependent cancer, MMAE, auristatin

  4. Nanocarriers as pulmonary drug delivery systems to treat and to diagnose respiratory and non respiratory diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malgorzata Smola

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Malgorzata Smola1,2, Thierry Vandamme1, Adam Sokolowski21Université Louis Pasteur, Faculté de Pharmacie, Département de Chimie Bioorganique, Illkirch Graffenstaden, France; 2Wroclaw University of Technology, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Wroclaw, PolandAbstract: The purpose of this review is to discuss the impact of nanocarriers administered by pulmonary route to treat and to diagnose respiratory and non respiratory diseases. Indeed, during the past 10 years, the removal of chlorofluorocarbon propellants from industrial and household products intended for the pulmonary route has lead to the developments of new alternative products. Amongst these ones, on one hand, a lot of attention has been focused to improve the bioavailability of marketed drugs intended for respiratory diseases and to develop new concepts for pulmonary administration of drugs and, on the other hand, to use the pulmonary route to administer drugs for systemic diseases. This has led to some marketed products through the last decade. Although the introduction of nanotechnology permitted to step over numerous problems and to improve the bioavailability of drugs, there are, however, unresolved delivery problems to be still addressed. These scientific and industrial innovations and challenges are discussed along this review together with an analysis of the current situation concerning the industrial developments.Keywords: nanotechnology, nanocarriers, nanoparticle, liposome, lung, pulmonary drug delivery, drug targeting, respiratory disease, microemulsion, bioavailability, micelle

  5. Matrix metalloproteinases in the wound microenvironment: therapeutic perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krejner A

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Alicja Krejner,1 Malgorzata Litwiniuk,1–3 Tomasz Grzela11Laboratory of Cell Molecular Biology, Department of Histology and Embryology, Biostructure Research Center, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland; 2Postgraduate School of Molecular Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland; 3Department of Otolaryngology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, PolandAbstract: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs are key effector molecules responsible for extracellular matrix (ECM turnover. They are involved in tissue remodeling and regeneration. Although the main targets for MMPs are ECM components, they are also able to digest a variety of non-ECM molecules including cytokines, their receptors, or carriers. Therefore, the activity of the MMPs remains under tight control. However, when controlling mechanisms are ineffective, MMPs may become highly dangerous molecules, which have a strong destructive effect on affected tissues. Apart from cancer metastasis, aneurysm formation, or airway remodeling in asthma, MMPs have also been identified as main detrimental factors in delayed healing of chronic wounds. In this short review, we describe main representatives of MMPs family, their role in pathophysiology of chronic wounds, as well as current and possible therapeutic strategies for modulation of MMPs’ activity, which may be useful in management of chronic wounds.Keywords: chronic wound, MMPs, MMP inhibitors, wound treatment

  6. Highly biocompatible, nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite synthesized in a solvothermal process driven by high energy density microwave radiation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smolen D

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Dariusz Smolen1, Tadeusz Chudoba1, Iwona Malka1, Aleksandra Kedzierska1, Witold Lojkowski1, Wojciech Swieszkowski2, Krzysztof Jan Kurzydlowski2, Malgorzata Kolodziejczyk-Mierzynska3, Malgorzata Lewandowska-Szumiel31Polish Academy of Science, Institute of High Pressure Physics, Warsaw, Poland; 2Faculty of Materials Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland; 3Department of Histology and Embryology, Center of Biostructure Research, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, PolandAbstract: A microwave, solvothermal synthesis of highly biocompatible hydroxyapatite (HAp nanopowder was developed. The process was conducted in a microwave radiation field having a high energy density of 5 W/mL and over a time less than 2 minutes. The sample measurements included: powder X-ray diffraction, density, specific surface area, and chemical composition. The morphology and structure were investigated by scanning electron microscopy as well as transmission electron microscopy (TEM. The thermal behavior analysis was conducted using a simultaneous thermal analysis technique coupled with quadruple mass spectrometry. Additionally, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy tests of heated samples were performed. A degradation test and a biocompatibility study in vitro using human osteoblast cells were also conducted. The developed method enables the synthesis of pure, fully crystalline hexagonal HAp nanopowder with a specific surface area close to 240 m2/g and a Ca/P molar ratio equal to 1.57. TEM measurements showed that this method results in particles with an average grain size below 6 nm. A 28-day degradation test conducted according to the ISO standard indicated a 22% loss of initial weight and a calcium ion concentration at 200 µmol/dm3 in the tris(hydroxymethylaminomethane hydrochloride test solution. The cytocompatibility of the obtained material was confirmed in a culture of human bone derived cells, both in an indirect test using the material

  7. Cervical elastography during pregnancy: clinical perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swiatkowska-Freund M

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Malgorzata Swiatkowska-Freund, Krzysztof Preis Department of Obstetrics, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland Abstract: Uterine cervix is a part of the uterus responsible for maintaining pregnancy till term. As long as the cervix remains long and firm and its internal orifice (os is closed, it can withstand enlargement of the uterine contents and resultant growing pressure. Mechanical properties of the cervix change during pregnancy; the cervix ripens prior to delivery, then effaces and dilates with contractions of the uterus. Ripening of the cervix can be assessed using the Bishop score and ultrasonographically determined length of the cervical canal and internal os. Consistency is one of the cervical properties that change during the course of the maturation process. Until recently, cervical consistency has been assessed only manually, but in 2007, the first report on elastographic imaging of the cervix during pregnancy has been published. Elastography presents the ability of a tissue to deform under pressure. The softer the tissue, the easier it changes its shape. Different methods of elastography are used – static, when tissue displacement in response to manual compression or physiological movements of vessels is measured, or dynamic, when the speed of shear wave propagation is determined. Irrespective of the method, elastography provides information on the internal os stiffness; this parameter, impossible for manual assessment, was shown to correlate with pregnancy outcome and is a strong predictor of preterm delivery or successful labor induction. Although elastography seems to be a highly promising diagnostic option, still no consensus has been reached regarding an optimal method for uterine cervix assessment, and virtually all previous studies of various elastographic methods produced highly satisfactory results. Future studies need to identify the most promising and objective elastographic method which may serve as a novel

  8. Assessment of chicken protection against Campylobacter jejuni infection by immunization with avirulent Salmonella enterica sv. Typhimurium strain producing Campylobacter CjaD/Pal protein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Łaniewski P

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Pawel Laniewski,1 Malgorzata Lis,2 Agnieszka Wyszynska,1 Pawel Majewski,3 Renata Godlewska,1 Elzbieta Katarzyna Jagusztyn-Krynicka11Department of Bacterial Genetics, Institute of Microbiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland; 2Biowet Pulawy Ltd, Pulawy, Poland; 3Department of Vertebrate Physiology, Institute of Zoology, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, PolandAbstract: Campylobacter jejuni is a major food-borne pathogen, causing gastroenteritis worldwide. Chickens are considered to be one of the most common sources of human C. jejuni infection in developed countries. Campylobacter CjaD/Pal protein (annotated as Cj0113 in C. jejuni strain NCTC11168 is a highly immunogenic, membrane-located antigen, conserved among different strains, with the potential to provide broad protection against C. jejuni colonization. The present study examines the immunogenicity and the general efficacy of avirulent S. enterica sv. Typhimurium Δcrp Δcya expressing C. jejuni CjaD as a chicken vaccine against Campylobacter colonization. The high copy number plasmid pYA3341 Asd+ was used as a cloning vector. Here, 1- and 14-day old chickens were orally immunized with a delivery vector strain, expressing C. jejuni CjaD. Two weeks later, they were challenged with a wild-type C. jejuni strain isolated from chicken carcasses. This schedule of immunization induced significant levels of serum-specific IgG as well as mucosal intestinal sIgA as measured by ELISA tests using Campylobacter membrane proteins as a coating antigen. Nevertheless, protection experiments did not result in significant reduction of colonization of vaccinated birds relative to nonvaccinated birds.Keywords: Campylobacter, cjaD, immunization, Pal

  9. Not radical enough: why Jimmy Carter failed to change American foreign policy

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    Itai Nartzizenfield Sneh

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available El Presidente Jimmy Carter no consiguió traducir sus palabras e ideales referentes a derechos humanos a hechos y prácticas en la política exterior de E.E.U.U. Carter, ya en el primer período de su administración en 1976-77, tenía una perspectiva demasiado conservadora y tradicional con respecto a las relaciones internacionales. Sus ideas eran correctas, sin embargo seguió enfocando su política en la guerra fría más que en una puesta en práctica constante de un nuevo paradigma para los derechos humanos, especialmente con respecto a los aliados americanos en los territorios subdesarrollados. Carter no reformó suficientemente la práctica de la política exterior de los E.E.U.U. Él no creyó bastantes en la lucha por los derechos humanos así que fue imposible una modifica significativa de las prioridades tradicionales. Carter confió en las políticas, las conductas, las personalidades y estructuras administrativas vigentes. La intención de Carter de cambiar la política americana así como los principios y la comisión, fue minada seriamente por el Consejo de Seguridad Nacional (especialmente Zbigniew Brzezinksi mucho antes de los bien conocidos cambios de SALT II, de los tratados del Canal de Panamá, y del Oriente Medio.__________ABSTRACT:President Jimmy Carter failed to translate his words and ideals concerning human rights into deeds and practices in US foreign policy. Carter, already in the formative period of his administration in 1976-7, was too conservative and traditional in his outlook on international relations. While his heart was at the right place, the Cold War was still his focus rather than a consistent implementation of a new human rights paradigm, especially with respect to American allies in the Developing World. Carter did not sufficiently reform the practice of US foreign policy. He did not believe enough in advocating human rights so a meaningful recast of traditional priorities was difficult. Carter relied on

  10. City’s lost jewel. History of Cracow’a All Saints church till the end of XVI century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Walczak

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the oldest churches in Krakow, dedicated to All Saints, was situated between Grodzka and Franciszkańska Street. It was build in the XIII century, could had been replacement church for first Cracow’s parish, which was transferred from Saint Trinity church. The name of All Saints church was mentioned for the first time in Vita S. Stanislai. The second time in 1278 his rector Arnold was noted. Most interesting fact is that in the Tables of Pence from 1325–1327 you can find two rectors, who had separate salary and were called rectors of wooden and brick churches. In 1490 church got a collegiate title. Than double rectory was liquidated and positions of provost and dean were established. Church was a place where Brotherhood of the Poor created by Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki used to work. Our knowledge of churches looks comes from iconography which was made when the building was already a ruin. According to those sources church had two naves, was oriented and had simply completed presbytery. The building had adhered tower, sacristy, treasure and chapel, called capella antiqua. Description of the interior of the church comes from 1599, when Jerzy Radziwiłł, Bishop of Cracow had visited it. According to the decision of the City Beautification Committee, the church was demolished in 1835, and church’s equipment was sold on auction. The tower survived till 1840, when it shared the fate of the rest of the building.

  11. Synthesis and antimicrobial activity of chiral quaternary N-spiro ammonium bromides with 3',4'-dihydro-1'H-spiro[isoindoline-2,2'-isoquinoline] skeleton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bielawski K

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Krzysztof Bielawski,1 Katarzyna Leszczyńska,2 Zbigniew Kałuża,3 Anna Bielawska,4 Olga Michalak,3 Tamara Daniluk,2 Olga Staszewska-Krajewska,3 Anna Czajkowska,4 Natalia Pawłowska,1 Agnieszka Gornowicz4 1Department of Synthesis and Technology of Drugs, 2Department of Microbiology, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, 3Institute of Organic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, 4Department of Biotechnology, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland Abstract: A new class of highly functionalized tetrahydroisoquinolines with a quaternary carbon stereocenter was synthesized starting from an easily accessible l-tartaric acid. Nine strains of bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus salivarius, Bacillus subtilis, Enterococcus faecalis, Moraxella catarrhalis, Escherichia coli, Campylobacter jejuni were used for the determination of minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC of synthesized compounds. The influence of analyzed compounds on viability and induction of apoptosis in human skin fibroblasts was determined. A majority of the synthesized compounds showed the strongest antibacterial properties toward some gram-negative bacteria (M. catarrhalis and C. jejuni with a high level of selectivity. High antibacterial compounds have bactericidal activity ratio MBC/MIC =4. Our studies also proved that the novel compounds do not possess cytotoxic and proapoptotic potential in normal cells. Keywords: quaternary ammonium compounds, tetrahydroisoquinolines, antimicrobial activity, antibiotic resistance 

  12. Radiotherapy combined with hormonal therapy in prostate cancer: the state of the art

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    Piotr Milecki

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Piotr Milecki1,2, Piotr Martenka1, Andrzej Antczak3, Zbigniew Kwias31Department of Radiotherapy, Greater Poland Cancer Center, Poznan, Poland; 2Department of Electroradiology, Medical University, Poznan, Poland; 3Chair of Urology, Medical University, Poznan, PolandAbstract: Androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT is used routinely in combination with definitive external beam radiation therapy (EBRT in patients with high-risk clinically localized or locally advanced disease. The combined treatment (ADT–EBRT also seems to play a significant role in improving treatment results in the intermediate-risk group of prostate cancer patients. On the other hand, there is a growing body of evidence that treatment with ADT can be associated with serious and lifelong adverse events including osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and many others. Almost all ADT adverse events are time dependant and tend to increase in severity with prolongation of hormonal manipulation. Therefore, it is crucial to clearly state the optimal schedule for ADT in combination with EBRT, that maintaining the positive effect on treatment efficacy would keep the adverse events risk at reasonable level. To achieve this goal, treatment schedule may have to be highly individualized on the basis of the patient-specific potential vulnerability to adverse events. In this study, the concise and evidence-based review of current literature concerning the general rationales for combining radiotherapy and hormonal therapy, its mechanism, treatment results, and toxicity profile is presented.Keywords: prostate cancer, radiotherapy, androgen deprivation, combined treatment

  13. BIBLIOTEKARKA nowoczesną KOBIETĄ - sprawozdanie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Folga Agnieszka

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Sprawozdanie z cyklu bezpłatnych spotkań: BIBLIOTEKARKA nowoczesną KOBIETĄ zorganizowanych przez Bibliotekę Główną Uniwersytetu Pedagogicznego przy współpracy z Biurem Promocji i Karier Uniwersytetu Pedagogicznego w Krakowie. Zajęcia odbyły się 23 lutego i 15 marca 2012 roku w Bibliotece Głównej Uniwersytetu Pedagogicznego w godzinach od 16.00 do 20.00. Dotyczyły zagadnień psychologicznych, a także aspektów związanych z wizerunkiem zewnętrznym. Istotą wykładów był rozwój osobisty, trening interpersonalny, podniesienie samooceny, jak również integracja kobiet pracujących w zawodzie bibliotekarza. Wykłady prowadzili specjaliści z danej dziedziny: psycholog społeczny prof. dr hab. Zbigniew Nęcki, personal coach Michał Mącznik, stylistka Małgorzata Kusper, kosmetolog/wizażystka Aldona Malarz oraz fryzjer stylista Piotr Janus.

  14. PREFACE: MicroTherm' 2013 - Microtechnology and Thermal Problems in Electronics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lisik, Zbigniew; Raj, Ewa

    2014-04-01

    MicroTherm is an International Conference on Microtechnology and Thermal Problems in Electronics organised as a cyclic event since 1996. The success of the first seminar, which was devoted mainly to thermal management aspects, and the successive conferences have led us to the tenth edition. Since the first meeting, the scope of the conference has expanded, following the progress of electronics. Now, it covers subjects connected with extreme temperature, electronics, sensors and measurement techniques, modelling, simulation, wide band-gap materials, packaging and reliability, renewable energy sources and photonics with special emphasis on microelectronic technologies. MicroTherm' 2013 was held in Lodz, Poland, on 25-28 June 2013. The programme consistied of invited talks and nine regular sessions in the form of planar discussions and poster presentations, including a Students' Session. The Students' session gave an opportunity for students and young researchers to present their first achievements in the field of science. The next MicroTherm Conference is going to be held on 22-25 June 2015, in Lodz — a beautiful, post-industrial city located in the centre of Poland. Please, feel invited to MicroTherm' 2015 (www.microtherm.dsod.pl). Ewa Raj and Zbigniew Lisik Editors

  15. Leaning “well beyond the plumb” of His Native Language: Heaney’s Tone and the International Style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nick Norwood

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In the last decades of his life Seamus Heaney enjoyed phenomenal worldwide success, outselling, or so it was widely held, all other poets writing in English combined, a fact attesting to the existence of an international component in his work. A close study of the entire body of his poetry, as well as a study of the concurrent poetic interests he himself professed and which other critics have identified, reveals a subtle and gradual shift toward what may be referred to as the “international style”. The reader encounters such a style, prominently manifest, in the work of some of Heaney’s poetic influences, especially Eastern European poets like Czeslaw Milosz and Zbigniew Herbert. This article argues, however, that Heaney’s stylistic shift was too slight to account for the enormity of his international success and asserts instead that his far-ranging appeal is a matter of tone: Heaney’s attitude toward his material, but more so, deep characteristics of his personality – what Ted Hughes refers to as “the ultimate suffering and decision” in him –occupy space below the surface of his work and imbue it with a quality to which readers around the world are drawn.

  16. FOR INFORMATION: Université de Genève - Faculté des Sciences

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2005-01-01

    Section de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet - 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél : (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Mercredi 26 janvier SEMINAIRE DE PHYSIQUE CORPUSCULAIRE à 17h00 / Auditoire Stückelberg Tau leptons as window for new physics at accelerator experiments Prof. Zbigniew Was / Institute of Nuclear Physics, Cracow Poland Because of its mass and relative clean experimental signature, the tau lepton is expected to play an important role in the phenomenology of future experiments. We will present the use of observables using taus for the following applications. Higgs boson parity measurement at ILC, signatures for Higgs discovery scenarios at LHC and for the measurement of CP properties of scalar B0 decay to tau tau (if discovered) at Belle/BaBar. This wide spectrum of experimental applications will be complemented with a presentation of the essential theoretical and technical aspects of these ...

  17. Lingwizm jako antropomorfizm. Wokół poetyckiej historiozofii Zbigniewa Bieńkowskiego

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    Agata Stankowska

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The sketch presents the reconstruction of Zbigniew Bieńkowski’s theory of linguistic poetry. This author who is classified by critics and researchers as a member of linguistic poetry movement is by no means uncritical of its various perspectives and accomplishments. This complicated approach is reflected in the dispute that Bieńkowski was engaged in with Karpowicz and the poets of the New Wave in his critical sketches. He unfairly accuses them of being too minimalistic and of paying too much attention to linguistic experiments. He claims that distrust of language and its communicative functions in New Wavers’ programs overshadowed the broad philosophical and ideological functions of word games. Instead he proposed his own poetological project “Trzy poematy” [“Three poems”], where avant-garde traditions mingled with symbolist ones and called for breaking the numbness of language for broader, idealistic purposes. Referring to Vico’s historiosophy, Bieńkowski wishes to treat linguistic poetry both as a tool (a trick and space for intervention, whose final purpose is to rebuild the anthropogenic locus amoenus in language.

  18. GENRE IN RELATION TO SACRUM. CRISIS OF FAITH, HORROR AND POP CULTURE

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    Anna Taszycka

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In the text “Genre in relation to sacrum. Crisis of faith, horror and pop culture” Samuel Nowak and Anna Taszycka ponder over the phenomenon of modern horror raising the subject of sacrum, especially in relation to the motive of possession and exorcism. The authors attempt to prove that the phenomenon is symptomatic for the transition from religiousness, understood in institutional and collective terms, to individual and contemplative spirituality. After analysing selected films from the perspective of “spirituality” (in the meaning given to it by Zbigniew Pasek the authors conclude that today the pop cultural narrations which depict the new function of sacrum and shift the load from institution to an individual may become successful and accepted by viewers.According to the authors the traditional narration – which associates sacrum with a religious experience – is supplanted today by stories which treat sacrum rather in terms of a spiritual experience. This transformation leads to many possible alternative interpretations of selected films which in this text were described in categories of pensiveness or meta-interpretation.

  19. Koncepja realności w późnej filozofii Nietzschego

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    Konrad Pyznar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The Concept of Reality in the Late Philosophy of Nietzsche. The paper presents the considerations on question of reality and the related epistemological topics in the third period of development of Friedrich Nietzsche’s philosophy. While analysing this area of Nietzsche’s philosophy, the author of the paper pays special attention to the issue of life, which can be described as an ever-ascending spiral. The author elaborates on this metaphor by putting it in the context of a concept of an ecstatic kratophanic dance, as presented by Zbigniew Kaźmierczak. The author begins his considerations with an interpretation of Nietzsche’s views on three cognitive organs, consciousness, reason and metaphysical language, and their role in creation of the concept of reality. The next step is a description of the structure of the will. In the last part of the paper, the author presents an analysis of the concept of reality by comparing the results with the metaphor of an ever-ascending spiral.

  20. Thermodynamic Modeling of Organic-Inorganic Aerosols with the Group-Contribution Model AIOMFAC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuend, A.; Marcolli, C.; Luo, B. P.; Peter, T.

    2009-04-01

    -liquid equilibria. References Fredenslund, A., Jones, R. L., and Prausnitz, J. M.: Group-Contribution Estimation of Activity Coefficients in Nonideal Liquid Mixtures, AIChE J., 21, 1086-1099, 1975. Rogge, W. F., Mazurek, M. A., Hildemann, L. M., Cass, G. R., and Simoneit, B. R. T.: Quantification of Urban Organic Aerosols at a Molecular Level: Identification, Abundance and Seasonal Variation, Atmos. Environ., 27, 1309-1330, 1993. Zhang, Q. et al.: Ubiquity and dominance of oxygenated species in organic aerosols in anthropogenically influenced Northern Hemisphere midlatitudes, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L13 801, 2007. Zuend, A., Marcolli, C., Luo, B. P., and Peter, T.: A thermodynamic model of mixed organic-inorganic aerosols to predict activity coefficients, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 4559-4593, 2008.

  1. Relief-induced soil zones at the Cretaceous sandstone-mudstone contact in the Stolowe Mountains, SW Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kabala, Cezary; Waroszewski, Jaroslaw; Jezierski, Pawel

    2014-05-01

    climate and landscape history. Quatern Int 156-157: 4-12. Semmel, A., Terhorst, B. (2010): The concept of periglacial cover beds in central Europe: A review. Quatern Int 222: 120-128. Waroszewski, J., Kalinski, K., Malkiewicz, M., Mazurek, R., Kozlowski, G., Kabala C. (2013): Pleistocene-Holocene cover-beds on granite regolith as parent material for Podzols - an example from the Sudeten Mountains. Catena 104: 161-173.

  2. Factors related to changes in the quality of life among Polish adolescents and adults with cystic fibrosis over a 1-year period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dębska G

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Grażyna Dębska,1 Henryk Mazurek2 1Faculty of Health and Medical Studies, Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Krakow University, Krakow, 2Department of Pneumonology and Cystic Fibrosis, National Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Institute, Rabka, Poland Background: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of clinical factors, physical activity, and sociodemographic variables on 1-year changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL in Polish adolescents and adults with cystic fibrosis (CF.Method: The study included 67 subjects with CF (mean age 21.1±5.1 years; range 14–37 years; 34 males and 33 females. The Cystic Fibrosis Quality of Life Questionnaire was used at baseline and after 1 year. Lung function data, body weight, and body height were extracted from medical records. Clinical assessment was performed with the Shwachman–Kulczycki scale.Results: The highest scores in both HRQoL examinations came from the domains of physical and social functioning, and the lowest from future concerns, body image, and career concerns. No significant changes of Cystic Fibrosis Quality of Life Questionnaire scores were documented over a period of 1 year. Patients with better baseline spirometry results more frequently reported an improvement in the treatment issues (subjects with FEV1 >50% of predicted, P=0.020 and in the career concerns (patients with FVC >50% of predicted, P=0.039. The improvement in the career concerns also depended upon daily physical activity (P=0.024, which was shown to modulate future concerns (P=0.032, along with place of residence and living conditions (P=0.003. Moreover, the time elapsed from the last pulmonary exacerbation was related to the change in social functioning (P=0.026.Conclusion: When planning treatment, attention should be paid to interventions which may improve HRQoL. Systematic chronic therapy improves lung function, related to treatment issues and career concerns. Maintaining good physical condition and

  3. Analysis of the relationships between edentulism, periodontal health, body composition, and bone mineral density in elderly women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignasiak Z

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Zofia Ignasiak,1 Malgorzata Radwan-Oczko,2 Krystyna Rozek-Piechura,3 Marta Cholewa,4 Anna Skrzek,5 Tomasz Ignasiak,6 Teresa Slawinska1 1Department of Biostructure, University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland; 2Department of Periodontology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland; 3Department of Physiotherapy and Occupation Therapy in Internal Diseases, University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland; 4DENTARAMA Dentistry Center, Walbrzych, Poland; 5Department of Physiotherapy and Ocupation Therapy in Motor-System Dysfunction, University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland; 6Karkonosze State Higher School in Jelenia Gora, Jelenia Gora, Poland Objective: The relationship between bone mineral density (BMD and tooth loss in conjunction with periodontal disease is not clear. The suggested effects include alteration in bone remodeling rates as well as the multifaceted etiology of edentulism. There is also a question if other body-related variables besides BMD, such as body composition, may be associated with tooth number and general periodontal health. The aim of this study was to evaluate if tooth number and marginal periodontal status are associated with body composition and BMD in a sample of elderly women. Materials and methods: The study involved 91 postmenopausal women. Data included basic anthropometric characteristics, body composition via bioelectrical impedance analysis, and BMD analysis at the distal end of the radial bone of the nondominant arm via peripheral dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. A dental examination was performed to assess tooth number, periodontal pocket depth (PD, and gingival bleeding. Results: In nonosteoporotic women, a significant positive correlation was found between BMD and lean body mass, total body water, and muscle mass. The indicators of bone metabolism correlated negatively with PD. Such relationships did not appear in osteoporotic women. In both groups, basic anthropometric

  4. Diet-induced metabolic hamster model of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

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    Bhathena J

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Jasmine Bhathena, Arun Kulamarva, Christopher Martoni, Aleksandra Malgorzata Urbanska, Meenakshi Malhotra, Arghya Paul, Satya PrakashBiomedical Technology and Cell Therapy Research Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Artificial Cells and Organs Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Québec, CanadaBackground: Obesity, hypercholesterolemia, elevated triglycerides, and type 2 diabetes are major risk factors for metabolic syndrome. Hamsters, unlike rats or mice, respond well to diet-induced obesity, increase body mass and adiposity on group housing, and increase food intake due to social confrontation-induced stress. They have a cardiovascular and hepatic system similar to that of humans, and can thus be a useful model for human pathophysiology.Methods: Experiments were planned to develop a diet-induced Bio F1B Golden Syrian hamster model of dyslipidemia and associated nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in the metabolic syndrome. Hamsters were fed a normal control diet, a high-fat/high-cholesterol diet, a high-fat/high-cholesterol/methionine-deficient/choline-devoid diet, and a high-fat/high-cholesterol/choline-deficient diet. Serum total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, atherogenic index, and body weight were quantified biweekly. Fat deposition in the liver was observed and assessed following lipid staining with hematoxylin and eosin and with oil red O.Results: In this study, we established a diet-induced Bio F1B Golden Syrian hamster model for studying dyslipidemia and associated nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in the metabolic syndrome. Hyperlipidemia and elevated serum glucose concentrations were induced using this diet. Atherogenic index was elevated, increasing the risk for a cardiovascular event. Histological analysis of liver specimens at the end of four weeks showed increased fat deposition in the liver of animals fed

  5. 2008. aasta tõlkeilukirjandus / Kätlin Kaldmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldmaa, Kätlin, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Ülevaade 2008. aastal Eestis ilmunud tõlkeilukirjandusest. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Margaret Atwood "Ebakõlad", William Faulkner "Absalom! Absalom!", Cormac McCarthy "Tee", Halldór Laxness "Islandi kell", T. H. White "Kunagine ja tulevane kuningas", Guillermo Martínez "Märkamatud mõrvad", Charlotte Weitze "Pimeduse pärusmaa", Daniel Kehlmann "Maailma mõõtmine", Milorad Pavić "Tuule sisemine pool, ehk, Romaan Herost ja Leandrosest", Michel Houellebecq "Elementaarosakesed", Marguerite Duras "Põhja-Hiina armuke", Haruki Murakami "Kafka mererannas", Anne Birkefeldt Radge "Berliini paplid", "Erakvähid" ja "Rohelised aasad", Linn Ullmann "Õnnistatud laps", Lars Saabye Christensen "Modell", Jon Fosse "See on Ales", Peter Høeg "Vaikne tüdruk", Leena Krohn "Matemaatilised olendid", Käbi Laretei "Kuhu kadus kõik see armastus?", E. M. Forster "Teekond Indiasse", Rudyard Kipling "Lispeth", Asha Miró ja Anna Soler-Pont "Sandlipuu jäljed", Khaled Hosseini "Lohejooksja", Billy Collins "Allegooria surm", Wisława Szymborska "Oma aja lapsed", Zbigniew Herbert "Valitud luuletused", Carlos Vitale "Kohaühtsus", Jüri Talvet (koostaja) "Ameerika luule antoloogia", Marjane Satrapi "Persepolis", Hergé "Sinine lootos" ja "Vaarao sigar", Sinikka Nopola "Risto Räppar ja kohutav vorst" ja "Risto Räppar ja viimane hoiatus", Espen Fyksen ja Øyvind Rune Stålen "Elias, väike päästekaater", Hannu Mäkelä "Miisa uus pere", Timo Parvela "Kiigelaud", Nick Hornby "Maoli", Pierre Bayard "Kuidas rääkida raamatutest, mida me pole lugenud", Milan Kundera "Eesriie", Georges Perec "Mõelda/liigitada ja teisi tekste"

  6. [POLISH EXPEDITION TO SPITSBERGEN IN 1934].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köhler, Piotr

    2015-01-01

    Polish expedition to Spitsbergen in 1934 was already the second Polish polar expedition to the Arctic. It was scientific-mountaineering in character. 7 persons took part in it: Witold Biernawski (1898-1957)--film-maker and radiotelegraph operator, Stefan Bernadzikiewicz (1907-1939)--expedition leader, Henryk Mogilnicki (1906-1999)--photographer and radiotelegraph operator, Stefan Zbigniew Różycki (1906-1988)--geologist, Stanisław Siedlecki (1912-2002)--meteorological observer, Sylweriusz Bohdan Zagrajski (1892-1940)--triangulator, Antoni Rogal-Zawadzki (1896-1974)--topographer and photogrammetrist. The purpose of this expedition was to collect data in geology and cartography, and to a lesser degree--in glaciology, botany, zoology and meteorology. It lasted from May 20 to September 16, 1934. The time between June 20 - August 28 the group spent on Spitsbergen's Torell Land. The outcome: an area of app. 300 square kilometres of previously undiscovered land was marked by triangular system, covered by photogrammetric photos and surveyed. Geological research covered the land of app. 500 square kilometres and the group collected geological specimens of app. 800 kg in weight. On the basis of their research, two maps (at a scale of 1:50 000 and 1:200 000) were published. The participants collected also botanical and zoological material. Meteorological observations were carried out at the base over Van Keulen fjord throughout the whole expedition. Different objects on Torell Land were named by the expedition, their names referring largely to Poland (Annex I). Approximately 200 photographs and a film were shot by the expedition. Apart from scientific research, the participants published also diaries of the expedition.

  7. 2008. aasta tõlkeilukirjandus / Kätlin Kaldmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaldmaa, Kätlin, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Ülevaade 2008. aastal Eestis ilmunud tõlkeilukirjandusest. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgmisi autoreid ja nende teoseid: Margaret Atwood "Ebakõlad", William Faulkner "Absalom! Absalom!", Cormac McCarthy "Tee", Halldór Laxness "Islandi kell", T. H. White "Kunagine ja tulevane kuningas", Guillermo Martínez "Märkamatud mõrvad", Charlotte Weitze "Pimeduse pärusmaa", Daniel Kehlmann "Maailma mõõtmine", Milorad Pavić "Tuule sisemine pool, ehk, Romaan Herost ja Leandrosest", Michel Houellebecq "Elementaarosakesed", Marguerite Duras "Põhja-Hiina armuke", Haruki Murakami "Kafka mererannas", Anne Birkefeldt Radge "Berliini paplid", "Erakvähid" ja "Rohelised aasad", Linn Ullmann "Õnnistatud laps", Lars Saabye Christensen "Modell", Jon Fosse "See on Ales", Peter Høeg "Vaikne tüdruk", Leena Krohn "Matemaatilised olendid", Käbi Laretei "Kuhu kadus kõik see armastus?", E. M. Forster "Teekond Indiasse", Rudyard Kipling "Lispeth", Asha Miró ja Anna Soler-Pont "Sandlipuu jäljed", Khaled Hosseini "Lohejooksja", Billy Collins "Allegooria surm", Wisława Szymborska "Oma aja lapsed", Zbigniew Herbert "Valitud luuletused", Carlos Vitale "Kohaühtsus", Jüri Talvet (koostaja) "Ameerika luule antoloogia", Marjane Satrapi "Persepolis", Hergé "Sinine lootos" ja "Vaarao sigar", Sinikka Nopola "Risto Räppar ja kohutav vorst" ja "Risto Räppar ja viimane hoiatus", Espen Fyksen ja Øyvind Rune Stålen "Elias, väike päästekaater", Hannu Mäkelä "Miisa uus pere", Timo Parvela "Kiigelaud", Nick Hornby "Maoli", Pierre Bayard "Kuidas rääkida raamatutest, mida me pole lugenud", Milan Kundera "Eesriie", Georges Perec "Mõelda/liigitada ja teisi tekste"

  8. Discussing the Prospects of European Democracy with Alexis de Tocqueville

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalia Eidukienė

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the concept of democracy proposed by Alexis de Tocqueville, a famous French historian and sociologist. Special attention is paid to the definition of democracy, the dialectics of freedom and equality as well as the issues of relationship between democracy and centralization of power, democracy and individualism, and democracy and the tyranny of the majority. Tocqueville‘s liberal theory is an excellent example of the political project of the early modern period; it was in step with or, in many cases, ahead of France‘s political evolution, thereby contributing to the formation of the intellectual climate of the later 20th century. More than that, Tocqueville‘s political thought remains relevant even today. He is valued as an innovator, who, as Zbigniew Brzezinski put it, „understood earlier and interpreted better than anyone the uniqueness of the American experiment... His judgements are to this day remarkably prescient and incisive“ (Brzezinski 2011. Consequently, Tocqueville‘s book Democracy in America is a text that is worth being reread. In each political period the readers of this text rediscover anew the meaning of the messages communicated by the author. This depends on the political consciousness, political culture and the „quality“ of the recipients, i.e. on their ability to process and adapt the received information to their times, their state, their specific situation or a specific subject. Tocqueville invites his readers to engage in communicative reading (i.e. dialogue and discussions, which is an important part of modern political communication and political practice. It is also one of the most important attributes of politics and a reliable instrument that makes it easier to form modern political theories and solve political problems. 

  9. Masseter muscle tension, chewing ability, and selected parameters of physical fitness in elderly care home residents in Lodz, Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaszynska E

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Ewelina Gaszynska,1 Malgorzata Godala,2 Franciszek Szatko,1 Tomasz Gaszynski3 1Department of Hygiene and Health Promotion, Medical University of Lodz, Poland; 2Department of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Medical University of Lodz, Poland; 3Department of Emergency Medicine and Disaster Medicine, Medical University of Lodz, Poland Background: Maintaining good physical fitness and oral function in old age is an important element of good quality of life. Disability-related impairment of oral function contributes to a deterioration of the diet of older people and to the reduction of their social activity.Objectives: Investigate the association between masseter muscle tension, dental status, and physical fitness parameters.Materials and methods: Two hundred fifty-nine elderly care home residents (97 men, 162 women; mean age, 75.3±8.9 years were involved in this cross-sectional study. Their chewing ability was evaluated by masseter muscle tension palpation, differences of masseter muscle thickness, self-reported chewing ability, number of present and functional teeth, and number of posterior tooth pairs. Masseter muscle thickness was measured by ultrasonography. To assess physical fitness, hand grip strength and the timed up-and-go test were performed. Nutritional status was assessed using body mass index and body cell mass index (BCMI, calculated on the basis of electrical bioimpedance measurements. Medical records were used to collect information on systemic diseases and the number of prescribed medications. Subjects were also evaluated for their ability to perform ten activities of daily living.Results: Ninety-seven percent of the subjects suffered from systemic diseases. The three most prevalent illnesses were cardiac/circulatory 64.5%, musculoskeletal 37.3%, and endocrine/metabolic/nutritional 29.3%. Of the participants, 1.5% were underweight and more than one third (34.4% were overweight. Malnutrition (BCMI below normal was found in almost

  10. Do concomitant pain symptoms in patients with major depression affect quality of life even when taking into account baseline depression severity?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novick D

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Diego Novick,1 William Montgomery,2 Zbigniew Kadziola,3 Victoria Moneta,4 Xiaomei Peng,5 Roberto Brugnoli,6 Josep Maria Haro41Eli Lilly and Company, Windlesham, Surrey, UK; 2Eli Lilly Australia Pty Ltd, West Ryde, NSW, Australia; 3Eli Lilly Austria GmbH, Vienna, Austria; 4Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, Fundació Sant Joan de Déu, CIBERSAM, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; 5Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, USA; 6Università di Roma, “Sapienza,” Rome, ItalyBackground: Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD may suffer from concomitant pain symptoms. The aim of this study is to determine whether the presence of painful physical symptoms (PPS influences quality of life when taking into account baseline depression severity.Methods: Patients with a new or first episode of MDD (n = 909 were enrolled in a 3-month prospective observational study in East Asia. The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Clinical Global Impression-Severity score, Somatic Symptom Inventory, and EuroQoL questionnaire-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D and EQ-Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-VAS were assessed at baseline and 3 months’ follow-up. The presence of PPS was defined as a mean score of ≥2 on the Somatic Symptom Inventory pain-related items. Regression analyses determined predictors of quality of life at 3 months, adjusting for age, sex, depressive symptoms, overall severity, and quality of life at baseline.Results: PPS were present (PPS+ at baseline in 52% of patients. During the 3-month follow-up, EQ-VAS scores improved from 47.7 (standard deviation [SD] 20.6 to 72.5 (SD 20.4, and EQ-5D improved from 0.48 (SD 0.34 to 0.80 (SD 0.26. At 3 months, mean EQ-VAS was 66.4 (SD 21.2 for baseline PPS+ patients versus 78.5 (SD 17.6 for baseline PPS- patients, and mean EQ-5D was 0.71 (SD 0.29 versus 0.89 (SD 0.18. PPS+ at baseline was a significant predictor of quality of life at 3 months after adjusting for sociodemographic and baseline clinical variables

  11. Short-term efficacy of calcium fructoborate on subjects with knee discomfort: a comparative, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pietrzkowski Z

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Zbigniew Pietrzkowski,1 Michael J Phelan,2 Robert Keller,3 Cynthia Shu,1 Ruby Argumedo,1 Tania Reyes-Izquierdo11FutureCeuticals, Inc., Applied BioClinical Laboratory; 2Department of Statistics, School of Information and Computer Science, University of California at Irvine; 3NutraClinical Inc., Irvine, CA, USAAbstract: Calcium fructoborate (CFB at a dose of 110 mg twice per day was previously reported to improve knee discomfort during the first 14 days of treatment. In this study, 60 participants with self-reported knee discomfort were randomized into two groups receiving CFB or placebo. Initial levels of knee discomfort were evaluated by Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC and McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ scores at the beginning of the study and also at 7 and 14 days after treatment. Results showed that supplementation with CFB significantly improved knee discomfort in the study subjects; significant reductions of mean within-subject change in WOMAC and MPQ scores were observed for the CFB group compared to the placebo group at both 7 and 14 days after treatment. Estimated treatment differences for the MPQ score were -5.8 (P=0.0009 and -8.9 (P<0.0001 at Day 7 and 14, respectively. Estimated differences for the WOMAC score were -5.3 (P=0.06 and -13.73 (P<0.0001 at Day 7 and 14, respectively. Negative values indicate greater reductions in reported discomfort. On both Day 7 and Day 14, the trend was toward greater improvement in the CFB group. The placebo group did not exhibit any change in the WOMAC and MPQ scores. In conclusion, supplementation with 110 mg CFB twice per day was associated with improving knee discomfort during the 2 weeks of intake.Keywords: CFB, joint discomfort, WOMAC score, McGill pain score

  12. PREFACE: XV International Seminar on Physics and Chemistry of Solids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotur, Bogdan; Brągiel, Piotr

    2011-03-01

    Centre Dokki, Cairo, Egypt), Jarosław Lewkowski (University of Łódź, Łódź, Poland), Jean Ebothe (University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, France), Alain Gibaud (University du Maine, Le Mans, France), and Zbigniew Czapla (University of Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland). Finally, it is both our duty and pleasure to express our gratitude for the work done by the referees. Without their efforts many of the papers in this volume would not have been improved. Bogdan Kotur, LvivPiotr Brągiel, Częstochowa

  13. The I.A.G. / A.I.G. SEDIBUD Book Project: Source-to-Sink Fluxes in Undisturbed Cold Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beylich, Achim A.; Dixon, John C.; Zwolinski, Zbigniew

    2015-04-01

    The currently prepared SEDIBUD Book on "Source-to-Sink Fluxes in Undisturbed Cold Environments" (edited by Achim A. Beylich, John C. Dixon and Zbigniew Zwolinski and published by Cambridge University Press) is summarizing and synthesizing the achievements of the International Association of Geomorphologists` (I.A.G./A.I.G.) Working Group SEDIBUD (Sediment Budgets in Cold Environments), which has been active since 2005 (http://www.geomorph.org/wg/wgsb.html). Amplified climate change and ecological sensitivity of largely undisturbed polar and high-altitude cold climate environments have been highlighted as key global environmental issues. The effects of projected climate change will change surface environments in cold regions and will alter the fluxes of sediments, nutrients and solutes, but the absence of quantitative data and coordinated geomorphic process monitoring and analysis to understand the sensitivity of the Earth surface environment in these largely undisturbed environments is acute. Our book addresses this existing key knowledge gap. The applied approach of integrating comparable and longer-term field datasets on contemporary solute and sedimentary fluxes from a number of different defined cold climate catchment geosystems for better understanding (i) the environmental drivers and rates of contemporary denudational surface processes and (ii) possible effects of projected climate change in cold regions is unique in the field of geomorphology. Largely undisturbed cold climate environments can provide baseline data for modeling the effects of environmental change. The book synthesizes work carried out by numerous SEDIBUD Members over the last decade in numerous cold climate catchment geosystems worldwide. For reaching a global cover of different cold climate environments the book is - after providing an introduction part and a basic part on climate change in cold environments and general implications for solute and sedimentary fluxes - dealing in different

  14. PLASMA-2013: International Conference on Research and Applications of Plasmas (Warsaw, Poland, 2-6 September 2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadowski, Marek J.

    2014-05-01

    , Otwock, Poland—Chairman Dimitri Batani, Universite Bordeaux, France Sergio Ciattaglia, ITER, Cadarache, France Michael Dudeck, UPMC, Paris, France Igor E Garkusha, NSC KIPT, Kharkov, Ukraine Zbigniew Kłos, CBK PAN, Warsaw Giorgio Maddaluno, ENEA Frascati, Italy Andrea Murari, EFDA JET, Culham, UK Józef Musielok, University of Opole, Poland Svetlana Ratynskaia, RIT, Stockholm, Sweden Karel Rohlena, IP CAS, Prague, Czech Republic Valentin Smirnov, Rosatom, Moscow, Russia Francisco Tabares, CIEMAT, Madrid, Spain Lorenzo Torrisi, University of Messina, Messina, Italy Jerzy Wołowski, IFPiLM, Warsaw, Poland Urszula Woźnicka, IFJ PAN, Cracow, Poland Local Organizing Committee Jerzy Wołowski—Chairman Paweł Gąsior—Secretary Zofia Kalinowska Ewa Kowalska-Strzęciwilk Monika Kubkowska Anita Pokorska Ryszard Panfil Joanna Dziak-Beme Conference website: http://plasma2013.ipplm.pl/

  15. Controls and variability of solute and sedimentary fluxes in Antarctic and sub-Antarctic Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwolinski, Zbigniew

    2015-04-01

    The currently prepared SEDIBUD Book on "Source-to-Sink Fluxes in Undisturbed Cold Environments" (edited by Achim A. Beylich, John C. Dixon and Zbigniew Zwolinski and published by Cambridge University Press) is summarizing and synthesizing the achievements of the International Association of Geomorphologists` (I.A.G./A.I.G.) Working Group SEDIBUD (Sediment Budgets in Cold Environments), which has been active since 2005 (http://www.geomorph.org/wg/wgsb.html). The book comprises five parts. One of them is part about sub-Antarctic and Antarctic Environments. This part "Sub-Antarctic and Antarctic Environments" describes two different environments, namely oceanic and continental ones. Each part contains results of research on environmental drivers and rates of contemporary solute and sedimentary fluxes in selected sites. Apart from describing the environmental conditions of the whole continent of Antarctica and sub-Antarctic islands (Zb.Zwolinski, M.Kejna, A.N.Lastochkin, A.Zhirov, S.Boltramovich) this part of the book characterizes terrestrial polar oases free from multi-year ice and snow covers (Zb.Zwolinski). The detailed results of geoecological and sedimentological research come from different parts of Antarctica. Antarctic continental shelf (E.Isla) is an example of sub-Antarctic oceanic environment. South Shetlands, especially King George Island (Zb.Zwolinski, M.Kejna, G.Rachlewicz, I.Sobota, J.Szpikowski), is an example of sub-Antarctic terrestrial environment. Antarctic Peninsula (G.Vieira, M.Francelino, J.C.Fernandes) and surroundings of McMurdo Dry Valleys (W.B.Lyons, K.A.Welch, J.Levy, A.Fountain, D.McKnight) are examples of Antarctic continental environments. The key goals of the Antarctic and sub-Antarctic book chapters are following: (i) identify the main environmental drivers and rates of contemporary solute and sedimentary fluxes, and (ii) model possible effects of projected climate change on solute and sedimentary fluxes in cold climate environments

  16. The I.A.G. / A.I.G. SEDIBUD (Sediment Budgets in Cold Environments) Programme: Current and future activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beylich, Achim A.; Lamoureux, Scott; Decaulne, Armelle

    2013-04-01

    Projected climate change in cold regions is expected to alter melt season duration and intensity, along with the number of extreme rainfall events, total annual precipitation and the balance between snowfall and rainfall. Similarly, changes to the thermal balance are expected to reduce the extent of permafrost and seasonal ground frost and increase active layer depths. These effects will undoubtedly change surface environments in cold regions and alter the fluxes of sediments, nutrients and solutes, but the absence of quantitative data and coordinated geomorphic process monitoring and analysis to understand the sensitivity of the Earth surface environment is acute in cold climate environments. The International Association of Geomorphologists (I.A.G. / A.I.G. ) SEDIBUD (Sediment Budgets in Cold Environments) Programme was formed in 2005 to address this existing key knowledge gap. SEDIBUD currently has about 400 members worldwide and the Steering Committee of this international programme is composed of ten scientists from eight different countries: Achim A. Beylich (Chair) (Norway), Armelle Decaulne (Secretary) (France), John C. Dixon (USA), Scott F. Lamoureux (Vice-Chair) (Canada), John F. Orwin (Canada), Jan-Christoph Otto (Austria), Irina Overeem (USA), Thorsteinn Sæmundsson (Iceland), Jeff Warburton (UK) and Zbigniew Zwolinski (Poland). The central research question of this global group of scientists is to: Assess and model the contemporary sedimentary fluxes in cold climates, with emphasis on both particulate and dissolved components. Initially formed as European Science Foundation (ESF) Network SEDIFLUX (Sedimentary Source-to-Sink Fluxes in Cold Environments) (2004 - ), SEDIBUD has further expanded to a global group of researchers with field research sites located in polar and alpine regions in the northern and southern hemisphere. Research carried out at each of the close to 50 defined SEDIBUD key test sites varies by programme, logistics and available

  17. The SEDIBUD (Sediment Budgets in Cold Environments) Programme: Current activities and future key tasks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beylich, A. A.; Lamoureux, S. F.; Decaulne, A.

    2012-04-01

    Projected climate change in cold regions is expected to alter melt season duration and intensity, along with the number of extreme rainfall events, total annual precipitation and the balance between snowfall and rainfall. Similarly, changes to the thermal balance are expected to reduce the extent of permafrost and seasonal ground frost and increase active layer depths. These effects will undoubtedly change surface environments in cold regions and alter the fluxes of sediments, nutrients and solutes, but the absence of quantitative data and coordinated process monitoring and analysis to understand the sensitivity of the Earth surface environment is acute in cold climate environments. The International Association of Geomorphologists (I.A.G./A.I.G.)SEDIBUD (Sediment Budgets in Cold Environments) Programme was formed in 2005 to address this existing key knowledge gap. SEDIBUD currently has about 400 members worldwide and the Steering Committee of this international programme is composed of ten scientists from eight different countries: Achim A. Beylich (Chair) (Norway), Armelle Decaulne (Secretary) (France), John C. Dixon (USA), Scott F. Lamoureux (Vice-Chair) (Canada), John F. Orwin (Canada), Jan-Christoph Otto (Austria), Irina Overeem (USA), Thorsteinn Saemundsson (Iceland), Jeff Warburton (UK), Zbigniew Zwolinski (Poland). The central research question of this global group of scientists is to: Assess and model the contemporary sedimentary fluxes in cold climates, with emphasis on both particulate and dissolved components. Initially formed as European Science Foundation (ESF) Network SEDIFLUX (2004-2006), SEDIBUD has further expanded to a global group of researchers with field research sites located in polar and alpine regions in the northern and southern hemisphere. Research carried out at each of the close to 50 defined SEDIBUD key test sites varies by programme, logistics and available resources, but typically represent interdisciplinary collaborations of

  18. PROFESSOR ZDZISŁAW ŻYGULSKI JR.: AN OUTSTANDING PERSON, A GREAT PERSONALITY, A MUSEUM PROFESSIONAL, A RESEARCHER ON ANTIQUE WEAPONS, ORIENTAL ART AND EUROPEAN PAINTING (1921–2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Grzybkowska

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Professor Zdzisław Żygulski Jr. (1921–2015 was one of the most prominent Polish art historians of the second half of the 20th century. He treated the history of art as a broadly understood science of mankind and his artistic achievements. His name was recognised in global research on antique weapons, and among experts on Rembrandt and Leonardo da Vinci. He studied museums and Oriental art. He wrote 35 books, about 200 articles, and numerous essays on art; he wrote for the daily press about his artistic journeys through Europe, Japan and the United States. He illustrated his publications with his own photographs, and had a large set of slides. Żygulski created many exhibitions both at home and abroad presenting Polish art in which armour and oriental elements played an important role. He spent his youth in Lvov, and was expatriated to Cracow in 1945 together with his wife, the pottery artist and painter Eva Voelpel. He studied English philology and history of art at the Jagiellonian University (UJ, and was a student under Adam Bochnak and Vojeslav Molè. He was linked to the Czartoryski Museum in Cracow for his whole life; he worked there from 1949 until 2010, for the great majority of time as curator of the Arms and Armour Section. He devoted his whole life to the world of this museum, and wrote about its history and collections. Together with Prof. Zbigniew Bocheński, he set up the Association of Lovers of Old Armour and Flags, over which he presided from 1972 to 1998. He set up the Polish school of the study of militaria. He was a renowned and charismatic member of the circle of international researchers and lovers of militaria. He wrote the key texts in this field: Broń w dawnej Polsce na tle uzbrojenia Europy i Bliskiego Wschodu [Weapons in old Poland compared to armaments in Europe and the Near East], Stara broń w polskich zbiorach [Old weapons in Polish armouries], Polski mundur wojskowy [Polish military uniforms] (together with H

  19. PREFACE: Joint European Magnetic Symposia - JEMS 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spałek, Jozef

    2011-07-01

    łekChairman of JEMS 2010 Symposia 1. Plenary, Semi-plenary, Tutorials 2. Magnetization Processes Spin Excitations and Ultrafast DynamicsCoordinator: Andrzej Maziewski (Bialystok) 3. Hard Magnetic Materials and MagnetocaloricsCoordinator: Henryk Figiel (Kraków) 4. Magnetic HydridesCoordinators: Ladislav Havela (Praha), Zbigniew Tarnawski (Kraków) 5. Interface of Magnetic Thin FilmsCoordinators: Jürgen Fassbender (Dresden), N-T H Kim-Ngan (Kraków) 6. Magnonic CrystalsCoordinators: Bahram Djafari-Rouhani (Lille), Henryk Puszkarski (Poznan) 7. Magnetism of Metals, Alloys, and IntermetallicsCoordinator: Andrzej Szytula (Kraków) 8. Molecular MagnetismCoordinators: Stephen Blundell (Oxford), Maria Balanda (Kraków) 9. Magnetooptics of NanomagnetsCoordinators: Kamil Postava (Ostrava), Marek Kisielewski (Bialystok) 10. NanomagnetismCoordinators: Marek Przybylski (Halle), Jürgen Kirschner (Halle) 11. Other topics - Biomagnetism, Domain Walls, InstrumentationCoordinator: Henryk Figiel (Kraków) 12. Magnetic Perovskites and MultiferroicsCoordinator: Henryk Szymczak (Warszawa) 13. Magnetic Semiconductors and InsulatorsCoordinators: Klaus Baerner (Göttingen), Tadeusz Gron (Katowice) 14. Magnetic Shape Memory Effects and Related PhenomenaCoordinators: Oliver Gutfleisch (Dresden), Sebastian Fähler (Dresden) 15. Soft Magnetic MaterialsCoordinators: Julian González (San Sebastian), Krzysztof Kulakowski (Kraków) 16. SpintronicsCoordinator: Maciej Sawicki (Warszawa) 17. Strongly Correlated Electron Systems, Magnetism and SuperconductivityCoordinator: Andrzej Slebarski (Katowice) The next Joint European Magnetic Symposia, JEMS 2012, will be held in Parma, Italy, 9-14 September 2012.www.jems2012.itCo-Chairs:Franca Albertini, Institute of Materials for Electronics and Magnetism (IMEM), CNR, ParmaRoberto De Renzi, Department of Physics, University of Parma

  20. Methods of geodiversity assessment and theirs application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwoliński, Zbigniew; Najwer, Alicja; Giardino, Marco

    2016-04-01

    The concept of geodiversity has rapidly gained the approval of scientists around the world (Wiedenbein 1993, Sharples 1993, Kiernan 1995, 1996, Dixon 1996, Eberhard 1997, Kostrzewski 1998, 2011, Gray 2004, 2008, 2013, Zwoliński 2004, Serrano, Ruiz- Flano 2007, Gordon et al. 2012). However, the problem recognition is still at an early stage, and in effect not explicitly understood and defined (Najwer, Zwoliński 2014). Nevertheless, despite widespread use of the concept, little progress has been made in its assessment and mapping. Less than the last decade can be observing investigation of methods for geodiversity assessment and its visualisation. Though, many have acknowledged the importance of geodiversity evaluation (Kozłowski 2004, Gray 2004, Reynard, Panizza 2005, Zouros 2007, Pereira et al. 2007, Hjort et al. 2015). Hitherto, only a few authors have undertaken that kind of methodological issues. Geodiversity maps are being created for a variety of purposes and therefore their methods are quite manifold. In the literature exists some examples of the geodiversity maps applications for the geotourism purpose, basing mainly on the geological diversity, in order to point the scale of the area's tourist attractiveness (Zwoliński 2010, Serrano and Gonzalez Trueba 2011, Zwoliński and Stachowiak 2012). In some studies, geodiversity maps were created and applied to investigate the spatial or genetic relationships with the richness of particular natural environmental components (Burnett et al. 1998, Silva 2004, Jačková, Romportl 2008, Hjort et al. 2012, 2015, Mazurek et al. 2015, Najwer et al. 2014). There are also a few examples of geodiversity assessment in order to geoconservation and efficient management and planning of the natural protected areas (Serrano and Gonzalez Trueba 2011, Pellitero et al. 2011, 2014, Jaskulska et al. 2013, Melelli 2014, Martinez-Grana et al. 2015). The most popular method of assessing the diversity of abiotic components of the natural

  1. A Comparative Study on the Sedative Effect of Oral Midazolam and Oral Promethazine Medication in Lumbar Puncture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hojjat DERAKHSHANFAR

    2013-06-01

    distress from Bone marrow aspirations and lumbar punctures. Ann Pharmacother 2003;37(1:17-22.4. Ellis JA, Villeneuve K, Newhook K, Ulrichsen J. Pain Management Practices for Lumbar Punctures: Are We Consistent? J Pediatr Nurs 2007 Dec;22(6:479-87.5. Mathai A, Nazareth M, Raju RS. Preanesthetic sedation of preschool children: comparison of intranasal midazolam versus oral promethazin. Anesth Essays Res 2011;5(1:67-71.6. McCann ME, Kain ZN. The management of preoperative anxiety in children: an update. Anesth Analg 2001; 93(1: 98–105.7. Kain ZN, Caldwell-Andrews AA. Psychological preparation of children undergoing surgery. Anesth Clinic NA 2005;23:597–614.8. Wolf AR, Rosenbarum A, Kain ZN, Larsson P, Lönnqvist PA. The place of premedication in pediatric practice. Paediatr Anaesth 2009;19(9:817-28.9. Yuen VM, Hui TW, Irwin MG, Yuen MK. A Comparison of Intranasal Dexmedetomidine and Oral Midazolam for Premedication in Pediatric Anesthesia: A Double-Blinded Randomized Controlled Trial. Anesth Analg 2008;106(6:1715–21.10. Funk W, Jakob W, Riedl T, Taeger K. Oral preanaestheticmedication for children: double blind randomized study of a combination of midazplam and ketamine vs midazolam or ketamine alone. Br JAnaesth 2000;84(3:355-4011. Mazurek MS. Sedation and Analgesia for Procedures outside the Operating Room. Semin in Pediatr Surg 2004;13(3:166-173.12. Jo SH, Hong HK, Chong SH, Lee HS, Choe H. H1 antihistamine drug promethazine directly blocks hERG K+ channel. Pharmacol Res 2009;60(5:429-37.13. Gutstein HB, Johnson KL, Heard MB, Gregory GA. Oral Ketamine Preanesthetic Medication in children, Anesthesiology 1992;76(1:28-33.14. Almenrader N, Passariello M, Coccetti B, Haiber R, Pietropaoli P. Premedication in children: a comparison of oral midazolam and oral clonidine. Pediatr Anesth 2007;17(12:1143–9.15. Singh N, Pandey RK, Saksena AK, Jaiswal JN. A comparative evaluation of oral midazolam with oral sedatives as  premedication in pediatric dentistry. J Clin Pediatr

  2. Saccharide Composition in Fine and Coarse Particulate Matter and Soils in Central Arizona and Use of Saccharides as Molecular Markers for Source Apportionment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Y.; Clements, A.; Fraser, M.

    2009-04-01

    compounds in soils and characterization as tracers in atmospheric particulate matter", Environmental Science and Technology (38): 5939-5949. [5] Simoneit, B.R.T., Mazurek, M.A., 1981. "Air Pollution - the Organic-Components", Crc Critical Reviews in Environmental Control (11): 219-276. [6] Medeiros, P.M., Simoneit, B.R.T, 2007. "Analysis of sugars in environmental samples by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry", Jouranl of Chromatography A (1141): 271-278. [7] Rogge, W.F., Medeiros, P.M, et al., 2007. ‘Organic marker compounds in surface soils of crop fields from the San Joaquin Valley fugitive dust characterization study", Atmospheric Environment (41): 8183-8204. [8] Bauer, H., Claeys, M., et al., 2008. "Arabitol and mannitol as tracers for the quantification of airborne fungal spores", Atmospheric Environment (42): 588-593. [9] Elbert, W., Taylor, P.E., et al., 2007. "Contribution of fungi to primary biogenic aerosols in the atmosphere: wet and dry discharged spores, carbohydrates, and inorganic ions", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (7): 4569-4588. [10] Graham, B., Guyon, P., et al., 2003. "Organic compounds present in the natural Amazonian aerosol: Characterization by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry", Journal of Geophysical Research (108): 4766, doi:10.1029/2003JD003990.

  3. Pollen-inferred quantitative reconstructions of Holocene land-cover in NW Europe for the evaluation of past climate-vegetation feedbacks - The Swedish LANDCLIM project and the NordForsk LANDCLIM network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaillard, Marie-Jose; Sugita, Shinya; Rundgren, Mats; Smith, Benjamin; Mazier, Florence; Trondman, Anna-Kari; Fyfe, Ralph; Kokfelt, Ulla; Nielsen, Anne-Birgitte; Strandberg, Gustav

    2010-05-01

    Biology, University of Bergen); Pim van der Knaap (Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern); Malgorzata Latalowa (University of Gdansk); Michelle Leydet (IMEP CNRS 6116, University of Marseille III); Teija Alenius (Finnish Geological Survey, Espoo), Heather Almquist-Jacobson (Univ. Montana, USA), Jonas Bergman (Univ. Stockholm), Rixt de Jong (Univ. Bern), Jutta Lechterbeck (Hemmenhofen, Germany), Ann-Marie Robertsson (Univ. Stockholm), Ulf Segerström and Henrik von Stedingk (Univ. Umeå), Heikki Seppä (Univ. Helsinki). Sugita 2007. The Holocene, 17, 229-241.

  4. Submarines, spacecraft and exhaled breath.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pleil, Joachim D; Hansel, Armin

    2012-03-01

    Foreword The International Association of Breath Research (IABR) meetings are an eclectic gathering of researchers in the medical, environmental and instrumentation fields; our focus is on human health as assessed by the measurement and interpretation of trace chemicals in human exhaled breath. What may have escaped our notice is a complementary field of research that explores the creation and maintenance of artificial atmospheres practised by the submarine air monitoring and air purification (SAMAP) community. SAMAP is comprised of manufacturers, researchers and medical professionals dealing with the engineering and instrumentation to support human life in submarines and spacecraft (including shuttlecraft and manned rockets, high-altitude aircraft, and the International Space Station (ISS)). Here, the immediate concerns are short-term survival and long-term health in fairly confined environments where one cannot simply 'open the window' for fresh air. As such, one of the main concerns is air monitoring and the main sources of contamination are CO(2) and other constituents of human exhaled breath. Since the inaugural meeting in 1994 in Adelaide, Australia, SAMAP meetings have been held every two or three years alternating between the North American and European continents. The meetings are organized by Dr Wally Mazurek (a member of IABR) of the Defense Systems Technology Organization (DSTO) of Australia, and individual meetings are co-hosted by the navies of the countries in which they are held. An overriding focus at SAMAP is life support (oxygen availability and carbon dioxide removal). Certainly, other air constituents are also important; for example, the closed environment of a submarine or the ISS can build up contaminants from consumer products, cooking, refrigeration, accidental fires, propulsion and atmosphere maintenance. However, the most immediate concern is sustaining human metabolism: removing exhaled CO(2) and replacing metabolized O(2). Another

  5. EDITORIAL: Global impacts of particulate matter air pollution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Michelle L.; Holloway, Tracey

    2007-10-01

    development of dose response relationships that take into account how the high degree of source and demographic variability affect PM health response. We look forward to the continued growth of research in ERL contributing to air pollution emissions, distribution, and impacts. As the integrated study of air quality connects to economics, energy, agriculture, meteorology, climate change, and public health—among other subjects—its advancement is well-suited to an interdisciplinary, open-access journal like ERL. Thanks to our authors for contributing to ERL's growth in global air pollution research with such excellent work. Focus on Global Impacts of Particulate Matter Air Pollution Contents The articles below represent the first accepted contributions and further additions will appear in the near future. Major components of China's anthropogenic primary particulate emissions Qiang Zhang, David G Streets, Kebin He and Zbigniew Klimont Impacts of roadway emissions on urban particulate matter concentrations in sub-Saharan Africa: new evidence from Nairobi, Kenya E D S van Vliet and P L Kinney Potential influence of inter-continental transport of sulfate aerosols on air quality Junfeng Liu and Denise L Mauzerall Can warming particles enter global climate discussions? Tami C Bond

  6. EDITORIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Alberto Andrade

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available ¿Cuándo comenzó esto que llamamos globalización? Para responder esta pregunta habría que definir primero qué refiere este polémico proceso que nos toca a todos y aún con todas las definiciones,posiblemente no podamos comprenderlo en todo su alcance. Lo cierto es que por donde se mire, la globalización va asociada a acontecimientos políticos que definen otras esferas que son partes determinantes de nuestra existencia.Zbigniew Brzezinski, uno de los más prestigiosos y duros analistas en política exterior norte americana, en un libro controversial llamado Entre dos edades. El papel de Norteamérica en la era tecnotrónica, afirmó que John Kennedy fue el primer presidente global porque consideraba que el mundo entero era, en un sentido, un problema de política interior.Sería muy ingenuo asumir que la globalización parte de la visión de un presidente con respectoal mundo, si ello no se asocia con las redes del poder. Lo global, por lo menos en su concepción moderna, ha estado rondando la sociedad y en particular aquellas que de alguna manera se entrelazanen los diversos aspectos socioculturales, psicológicos, y económicos que hoy son determinados por las tecnologías, concretamente las asociadas a la información.¿Dónde se ubican los parámetros que miden lo global y permiten entender los acontecimientoscomo si fuera una cuestión al interior de un país? No me cabe la menor duda que ellos se encuentran en la apropiación que se hace del conocimiento.La sociedad de la información es por sobre todas las cosas una sociedad de conocimiento, que nos separa y clasifica en la medida que nos lo apropiamos y hacemos uso de él.El conocimiento tiene precio y en la ciencia ese precio se paga muy alto. Las transnacionales de la información mercantilizan el saber como si se tratara de un bien, destinado al uso exclusivo de un pequeño sector de la sociedad, razón suficiente para que se excluyan a las grandes mayorías de obtener el

  7. Efficient 'Optical Furnace': A Cheaper Way to Make Solar Cells is Reaching the Marketplace

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    von Kuegelgen, T.

    2008-10-01

    use a plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) system with compressed and extremely pyrophoric silane gas (SiH4) for applying passivation antireflective coatings (ARC). If silane is exposed to air, the SiH4 will explode - a serious safety issue for high-volume manufacturers. SiXtron's process uses a solid, silicon-based polymer that's converted into noncompressed, nonexplosive gas, which then flows to a standard PECVD system. 'The solid source is so safe to handle that it can be shipped by FedEx,' says Zbigniew Barwicz, president and CEO of SiXtron. Barwicz says manufacturers can use the same PECVD processing equipment for the SiXtron process that they already use for SiH4, a plug-and-play solution. For this novel passivation ARC process, NREL is helping to optimize the metallization parameters. NREL has developed a new technology called optical processing. One of the applications of this process is fire-through contact formation of silicon solar cells.

  8. MC-TESTER: a universal tool for comparisons of Monte Carlo predictions for particle decays in high energy physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golonka, P.; Pierzchała, T.; Waş, Z.

    2004-02-01

    of τ lepton decays (30 decay channels, 594 histograms, 82-pages booklet). Keywords: particle physics, decay simulation, Monte Carlo methods, invariant mass distributions, programs comparison Nature of the physical problem: The decays of individual particles are well defined modules of a typical Monte Carlo program chain in high energy physics. A fast, semi-automatic way of comparing results from different programs is often desirable, for the development of new programs, to check correctness of the installations or for discussion of uncertainties. Method of solution: A typical HEP Monte Carlo program stores the generated events in the event records such as HEPEVT or PYJETS. MC-TESTER scans, event by event, the contents of the record and searches for the decays of the particle under study. The list of the found decay modes is successively incremented and histograms of all invariant masses which can be calculated from the momenta of the particle decay products are defined and filled. The outputs from the two runs of distinct programs can be later compared. A booklet of comparisons is created: for every decay channel, all histograms present in the two outputs are plotted and parameter quantifying shape difference is calculated. Its maximum over every decay channel is printed in the summary table. Restrictions on the complexity of the problem: For a list of limitations see Section 6. Typical running time: Varies substantially with the analyzed decay particle. On a PC/Linux with 2.0 GHz processors MC-TESTER increases the run time of the τ-lepton Monte Carlo program TAUOLA by 4.0 seconds for every 100 000 analyzed events (generation itself takes 26 seconds). The analysis step takes 13 seconds; ? processing takes additionally 10 seconds. Generation step runs may be executed simultaneously on multi-processor machines. Accessibility: web page: http://cern.ch/Piotr.Golonka/MC/MC-TESTER e-mails: Piotr.Golonka@CERN.CH, T.Pierzchala@friend.phys.us.edu.pl, Zbigniew.Was@CERN.CH.

  9. Impact of cardiovascular risk factors on carotid intima–media thickness: sex differences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Łoboz-Rudnicka M

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Maria Łoboz-Rudnicka,1 Joanna Jaroch,1 Zbigniew Bociąga,1 Barbara Rzyczkowska,1 Izabella Uchmanowicz,2 Jacek Polański,3 Krzysztof Dudek,4 Andrzej Szuba,5 Krystyna Łoboz-Grudzień2   1Department of Cardiology, T. Marciniak Hospital, 2Public Health Department, Wroclaw Medical University, 3Private Practice, Na Biskupinie, Wroclaw, 4Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Wroclaw University of Technology, 5Division of Angiology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland Background and purpose: There has been growing interest in the sex-related differences in the impact of cardiovascular (CV risk factors on carotid intima–media thickness (CIMT. Therefore, we aimed at examining the influence of CV risk factors on CIMT in men and women and identifying differences between males and females in the risk profiles affecting CIMT. Patients and methods: The study group consisted of 256 patients (mean age 54.7 years, including 134 females (52%, with the following CV risk factors: arterial hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, nicotine addiction, overweight, and obesity. Subjects with the history of any overt CV disease were excluded. CIMT was measured through B-mode ultrasound examination of the right common carotid artery. In the analysis of CIMT values at different ages, the patients were divided into three age groups: 1 <45 years, 2 45–60 years, and 3 >60 years. Regression analysis was used to examine the influence of CV risk factors on CIMT in men and women. Results: CIMT increased with age in both men and women. Women had lower values of CIMT than men (0.54 mm vs 0.60 mm, P=0.011. The analysis in three age subgroups revealed that CIMT values were comparable in men and women in group 1 (0.48 mm vs 0.48 mm, P=0.861, but over the age of 45 years, CIMT values became significantly lower in women compared to men (group 2: 0.51 mm vs 0.63 mm, P=0.005; group 3: 0.63 mm vs 0.72 mm, P=0.020. Significant differences were observed

  10. Encyclopedia of Information Ethics and Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reviewed by Yavuz AKBULUT

    2008-01-01

    andcommunication technologies provided in the source can help educationaladministrators and policy-makers. Table of contents along with the names ofcontributors are provided below: 3D Avatars and Collaborative Virtual Environments/Koon-Ying Raymond Li,James Sofra, and Mark Power Access Control for Healthcare/Yifeng Shen Advertising in the Networked Environment/Savvas Papagiannidis and MichaelBourlakis Anonymous Peer-to-Peer Systems/Wenbing Zhao Argumentation and Computing/Ephraim Nissan Argumentation with Wigmore Charts and Computing/Ephraim Nissan Artificial Intelligence Tools for Handling Legal Evidence/Ephraim Nissan Barriers Facing African American Women in Technology/Jianxia Du, George H.Pate, Deneen Sherrod, and Wei-Chieh Yu B-POS Secure Mobile Payment System/Antonio Grillo, Alessandro Lentini, andGianluigi Me Building Secure and Dependable Information Systems/Wenbing Zhao Classifying Articles in Information Ethics and Security/Zack Jourdan, R. KellyRainer Jr., and Thomas E. Marshall Computational Ethics/Alicia I. Ruvinsky Computer Ethics and Intelligent Technologies/Yefim Kats Computer Worms, Detection, and Defense/Robert J. Cole and Chao-Hsien Chu Conflicting Value of Digital Music Piracy/Matthew Butler Content Filtering Methods for Internet Pornography/Jengchung V. Chen andShaoYu F. Huang Cyber-Terrorism in Australia/Christopher Beggs Data Security and Chase/Zbigniew W. Ras and Seunghyun Im Defending against Distributed Denial of Service/Yang Xiang and Wanlei Zhou Digital Divide Implications and Trends/Irene Chen and Terry T. Kidd Digital Rights Management Metadata and Standards/Jo Anne Cote and Eun G.Park235 Dilemmas of Online Identity Theft/Omer Mahmood Document Security in the Ancient World/Christopher H. Walker DRM Practices in the E-Publication Industry/Bong Wee Kiau and NorshuhadaShiratuddin Educational Technology Practitioner-Research Ethics/Kathleen Gray E-Health and Ensuring Quality