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Sample records for mahendra kumar mishra

  1. Unexpected artivism: the fabulatory function in Kumaré

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hongisto, I.; Pape, T.

    2015-01-01

    This article addresses artivism in Vikram Gandhi's 2011 documentary film Kumaré: The True Story of a False Prophet. The documentary tells the story of the fake guru Kumaré (played by Gandhi) who sets out to prove that spiritual leaders are illusions and that the power of self-transformation lies wit

  2. Comparison of the clinical applicability of Miller's classification system to Kumar and Masamatti's classification system of gingival recession

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Ashish; Gupta, Geeti; Puri, Komal; Bansal, Mansi; Jain, Deept; Khatri, Manish; Masamatti, Sujata Surendra

    2015-01-01

    Background: The aims of the present study were to (i) Find the percentage of recession cases that could be classified by application of Miller's and/or Kumar and Masamatti's classification of gingival recession, and (ii) compare the percentage of clinical applicability of Miller's criteria and Kumar and Masamatti's criteria to the total recessions present. Materials and Methods: A total of 104 patients (1089 recession cases) were included in the study wherein they were classified using both Miller's and Kumar and Masamatti's classification systems of gingival recession. Percentage comparison of the application of both classification systems was done. Results: Data analysis showed that though all the cases of the recession were classified by Kumar and Masamatti's classification, only 34.61% cases were classified by Miller's classification. 19.10% cases were completely (having only labial/buccal recession) classified. In 15.51% (out of 34.61%) cases, only buccal recession was classified according to Miller's criteria and included in this category, although these cases had both buccal and lingual/palatal recessions. Furthermore, 29.75% cases of recession with interdental loss and marginal tissue loss coronal to mucogingival junction (MGJ) remained uncategorized by Miller's classification; categorization of palatal/lingual recession was possible with Kumar and Masamatti's classification. Conclusion: The elaborative evaluation of both buccal and palatal/lingual recession by the Kumar and Masamatti's classification system can be used to overcome the limitations of Miller's classification system, especially the cases with interdental loss and having marginal tissue loss coronal to MGJ. PMID:26644724

  3. Comments on the paper “Temperature dependence of bulk modulus and second-order elastic constants” by P.P. Singh and M. Kumar [Physica B 344 (2004) 41

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, K. S.

    2005-05-01

    Singh and Kumar have questioned the validity of the Mie-Grüneisen equation using an incorrect formulation. The Suzuki equation for thermal expansivity has been expressed by them in terms of thermal pressure using a wrong definition. The formulations already reported in the literature have been rediscovered by them and redesignated as the Kumar formulation. In the present communication we have reinforced the validity of the Mie-Grüneisen EOS using the correct definition of thermal pressure in the Suzuki formulation.

  4. Tartu meeriks pürgijad pakuvad - mis tooks ülikoolile Nobeli preemia / Ivar Tallo, Teet Jagomägi, Jüri Kumar, Malle Salupere...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Tartu linnapeakandidaadid Ivar Tallo, Teet Jagomägi, Jüri Kumar, Malle Salupere, Tõni Kauba, Tõnis Lukas ja Andrus Ansip vastavad küsimustele : Tartu Ülikooli arenguvõimalustest ja -vajadustest, konkurentsivõime suurendamisest / vahendasid Sander Silm, Priit Rajalo, Ivi Drikkit

  5. Tartu meeriks pürgijad pakuvad - mis tooks ülikoolile Nobeli preemia / Ivar Tallo, Teet Jagomägi, Jüri Kumar, Malle Salupere...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Tartu linnapeakandidaadid Ivar Tallo, Teet Jagomägi, Jüri Kumar, Malle Salupere, Tõni Kauba, Tõnis Lukas ja Andrus Ansip vastavad küsimustele : Tartu Ülikooli arenguvõimalustest ja -vajadustest, konkurentsivõime suurendamisest / vahendasid Sander Silm, Priit Rajalo, Ivi Drikkit

  6. μ-OXOISOPROPOXIDE Rajesh Kumar

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    The control of particle size and the morphology of the oxide are of crucial ... solid solutions, complex oxides, powders of metals and alloys active towards sintering .... in salicylates due to phenolic ν(C-O) vibrations is shifted 10-20cm-1 higher in ...

  7. occupational health problems studied among the workers of lime ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RAMGANES

    at Maihar and Jhukehi region of Madhya Pradesh, India. Mahendra Kumar ... eye disorders with 39.08% were ranked the highest, followed by respiratory disorders (20.06%), ... measures like wearing gas mask to prevent toxic compo- nents to ...

  8. SAFAHAT’TA İÇKİ-KUMAR ÇIKMAZINDAKİ ERKEKLERİN KADINA BAKIŞI VE AKİF’İN ÇÖZÜM ÖNERİSİ: EĞİTİM

    OpenAIRE

    FIRAT, Hatice

    2016-01-01

    Toplum sorunlarının şiirde işlenilmesi gerektiğinin vurgulayan Mehmet Akif, bu hassasiyeti eserlerinde bizzat gösterir. Ele alınmasında fayda gördüğü konulardan biri de içki-kumar alışkanlığı olan erkeklerin kadına bakışıdır. Çalışmada şairin ‚Meyhane‛, ‚Mahalle Kahvesi‛ ve ‚Köse İmam‛ adlı eserleri bu doğrultuda incelenmektedir. Araştırmada, tarama yöntemi ve içerik çözümlemesi/analizi tekniği kullanılmıştır. Eserlerde şairin; içki, kumar, kahvehane gibi alışkanlıkları aileyi yıkan yani huzu...

  9. Comment on ;Evolution of high-pressure mafic granulites and pelitic gneisses from NE Madagascar: Tectonic implications;. Tectonophysics, 662, 219-242 (2015) by Ishwar-Kumar et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goncalves, Philippe; Brandt, Sönke; Nicollet, Christian; Tucker, Robert

    2017-05-01

    Determining the possible tectonic regimes active during the Neoproterozoic is crucial for the knowledge of the evolution of the super-continent Gondwana. In Madagascar, that occupies a key position in Gondwana, there is an on-going debate regarding the location of possible suture zones and the implications in terms of paleo-geography. Recognizing high-pressure to ultra-high pressure conditions in mafic rocks is commonly viewed as a strong argument for paleo-subduction zones. Ishwar-Kumar et al. (2015) report unusual high pressure conditions (24 kbar) in Neoproterozoic to Cambrian rocks from North-Central Madagascar (Andriamena Complex). They propose a geodynamic model in which exhumation of the high pressure terranes from up to 80 km to 40 km occurred via vertical extrusion during the collision of various crustal blocks after subduction and closure of an oceanic domain during the formation of Gondwana in the late Neoproterozoic to Cambrian. We question this model and in particular the (ultra-)high pressure conditions reported, because their estimation is based on a misinterpretation of the petrography and inaccurate thermodynamic modeling for the crucial metabasite sample. The authors suggest that garnet-quartz coronas around orthopyroxene and ilmenite coexist with clinopyroxene. The postulated garnet-clinopyroxene-quartz assemblage is interpreted to document an eclogite facies overprint. However, the presence of abundant plagioclase in the sample and the lack of high jadeite content in clinopyroxene clearly refute the postulated eclogite facies conditions. According to the presented photographs clinopyroxene is part of the rock matrix. We therefore suggest that the sample represents a common two-pyroxene granulite, formed at mid- to low-pressure granulite facies conditions of > 700 °C and Madagascar, this interpretation is not justified by the data presented by Ishwar-Kumar et al. (2015).

  10. 333-IJBCS-Article-T Sathish Kumar

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Gatsing

    extraction time, concentration of ethanol, material ratio and no. of extractions on the contents of flavonoids present in the leaves of ... microbial and anti-cancer activity (Cushnie and Lamb, 2005). ..... [a]anthracene-induced hamster buccal.

  11. Kogu vale kliendilojaalsusest / W. Reinartz, V. Kumar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinartz, W.

    2003-01-01

    Autorid leiavad, et ainult lojaalsusele keskendumise asemel tuleks leida meetodeid mõõtmaks lojaalsuse ja kasumlikkuse omavahelist seost, et selle abil määratleda kliendid, kellele rohkem tähelepanu suunata. Kommenteerivad Eda Odenberg; Ain Taube, Ene Raja, Jaan Tamm ja Indrek Randveer. Diagramm ja tabelid: klientide säilitamise hind; kõrge ja madala kasumlikkusega kliendid; lojaalsusstrateegia valimine vastavalt klientide kasumlikkusele.

  12. Kogu vale kliendilojaalsusest / W. Reinartz, V. Kumar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinartz, W.

    2003-01-01

    Autorid leiavad, et ainult lojaalsusele keskendumise asemel tuleks leida meetodeid mõõtmaks lojaalsuse ja kasumlikkuse omavahelist seost, et selle abil määratleda kliendid, kellele rohkem tähelepanu suunata. Kommenteerivad Eda Odenberg; Ain Taube, Ene Raja, Jaan Tamm ja Indrek Randveer. Diagramm ja tabelid: klientide säilitamise hind; kõrge ja madala kasumlikkusega kliendid; lojaalsusstrateegia valimine vastavalt klientide kasumlikkusele.

  13. Epidemiology and chemotherapy of parasitic infections in wild omnivores in the Mahendra Choudhury Zoological Park, Chhat Bir, Punjab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Singh

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The present investigation deals with the occurrence and intensity of gastrointestinal helminthic infections along with chemotherapeutic response in 13 different omnivore species belonging to Primate, Ursidae, Suidae and Viverridae at M.C Zoological Park, Chhatbir in Punjab, India. The overall occurrence of gastrointestinal parasites based on copro-parasitoscopic analysis (CPS of 317 samples for helmithic eggs was found to be 29.02 per cent. The various parasitic eggs detected were Trichuris spp, Hymenolepis diminuta, Strongyloides spp, Ascaris suum and Ascaris spp. The most common parasitic infection found in omnivores specially the primates was of Trichuris spp. (86.96%. Mixed infection of Trichuris spp. and H. diminuta was recorded in assamese monkeys with highest intensity of Trichuris spp. The EPG for Trichuris spp varied from 1800-7500. The EPG ranging from 100-750 was recorded for H. diminuta and Strongyloides spp which was followed by that of Trichuris spp. in rhesus monkeys, Ascaris suum in wild boar, Trichuris spp in capped langur, Trichuris spp in common langur, and Ascaris spp. in sloth bear. In assamese monkeys the infection was concurrent to tuberculosis. Treatment of animals with appropriate drug based on the species of parasites present was found to be 100 per cent effective as indicated by faecal egg count reduction test which reached zero level 5-30 days post treatment. There was no re-occurrence of parasitic infection till day 55 post treatment.

  14. Mishra et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10(3):390 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    chromatograms were developed in Butanol: Glacial acetic acid: water .... Stationary phase: Pre-coated silica gel 60F254 TLC plate (10 x 10 cms, 0.2 mm thickness). ... Friability was founded more than 1%, which is due to the absence of any binder. ... Ca. 06.20. 05.80*. 06.60. 07.60. Au. 00.30. 00.30. -. -. Hg. 00.10. 00.50*.

  15. The mismanagement of customer loyalty / Werner Reinartz, V. Kumar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinartz, Werner

    2004-01-01

    Kliendilojaalsuse olemusest, mõõtmisest ja juhtimisest, lojaalsete klientide eelistest ning põhjustest neist loobumiseks. Diagramm ja tabelid: The cost of keeping customers on; Which customers are really profitable; Choosing a loyalty strategy

  16. Kill a brand, keep a customer / Nirmalya Kumar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kumar, Nirmalya

    2004-01-01

    Autori hinnangul peaksid kõik ettevõtted kasumi suurendamiseks aeg-ajalt oma brändiportfelle optimeerima. Brändide hindamisest, liitmisest, müümisest, kasvatamisest ja kaotamisest. Tabel: The brand audit sheet. Lisa: Do you have too many brands?

  17. Kill a brand, keep a customer / Nirmalya Kumar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kumar, Nirmalya

    2004-01-01

    Autori hinnangul peaksid kõik ettevõtted kasumi suurendamiseks aeg-ajalt oma brändiportfelle optimeerima. Brändide hindamisest, liitmisest, müümisest, kasvatamisest ja kaotamisest. Tabel: The brand audit sheet. Lisa: Do you have too many brands?

  18. The mismanagement of customer loyalty / Werner Reinartz, V. Kumar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reinartz, Werner

    2004-01-01

    Kliendilojaalsuse olemusest, mõõtmisest ja juhtimisest, lojaalsete klientide eelistest ning põhjustest neist loobumiseks. Diagramm ja tabelid: The cost of keeping customers on; Which customers are really profitable; Choosing a loyalty strategy

  19. A comparative analysis of serologic parameters and oxidative stress in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis: reply to Mishra and colleagues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Girardelli, M; Bianco, A M; Marcuzzi, A; Crovella, S

    2013-09-01

    In chronic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, the progression of the disease is characterized by stress oxidative, inflammation, and elevated levels of cholesterol. In mevalonate kinase deficiency, an auto-inflammatory disease, the correlation between inflammation and cholesterol levels is opposite. The metabolic pathway that underlies the production of cholesterol is the mevalonate pathway; it is also essential for the biosynthesis of isoprenoids involved in the control of several cell functions. This divergence of cholesterol levels, associated with these two inflammatory disorders, is probably due to a different etiology, pathogenesis, and progression.

  20. "If Chinese and Indian Scholars Come Together"——An Interview with Prof.Daya Shanker Mishra

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    <正>Sir, as you know,several days later I am going back to China.Thank you for teaching me Sanskrit in the past one year.Last time,our dialogue entitled"Why Should India Have Tragedy"has been published in a comparative literature journal of Sichuan University,China.Today I’d like to ask you some more questions.One month ago,I had an interview with Prof.Amiya Dev in Jadavpur University.Indian

  1. Genre Analysis: The State of the Art (An Online Interview with Vijay Kumar Bhatia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatia, Vijay Kumar; Salmani Nodoushan, M. A.

    2015-01-01

    In this interview, Vijay Bhatia freely reflects on his personal experiences, perceptions, and views about the development of Genre Analysis in the early eighties towards Critical Genre Analysis today. He offers his impressions about how professionals construct, interpret, use and often exploit generic resources in their everyday practice to meet…

  2. 78 FR 19012 - Pawan Kumar Jain, M.D.; Decision And Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-28

    ...., 65 FR 5,661 (DEA 2000); Jesus R. Juarez, M.D., 62 FR 14,945 (DEA 1997). Accordingly, both the plain... to practice medicine or handle controlled substances in the State of New Mexico'' and Respondent's... alleged that the New Mexico State Medical Board took action against the Respondent on June 28, 2012. ....

  3. Kumar et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10(6):426 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    Validated modified lycopodium spore method has been developed for simple ... In the case of powdered drugs the standard methods like ash value, extractive ... Modified Lycopodium spore method is an important analytical technique for powdered drug, especially when other methods of ... Leica DMLS-2 Instrumentation.

  4. 110 1*Atkuru Veera Venkata Naga Krishna Sunil Kumar, 2Chandra ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    forms and include HPLC with UV detection [11], stability indicating liquid ... detection [14] and micellar electrokinetic capillary ... ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer with matched ..... determination of iron (III) in water, industrial effluent and soil ...

  5. Understanding the Persistence of Caste: A Commentary on Cotterill, Sidanius, Bhardwaj and Kumar (2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yashpal A. Jogdand

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available We contextualise Cotterill, Sidanius, Bhardwaj, and Kumar’s (2014 paper within a broader literature on caste and collective mobilisation. Cotterill and colleagues’ paper represents a fresh and timely attempt to make sense of the persistence of caste from the perspective of Social Dominance Theory. Cotterill and colleagues, however, do not examine caste differences in the endorsement of karma, and take behavioural asymmetry among lower castes for granted. Cotterill and colleagues also adhere to a Varna model of the caste system that arguably is simplistic and benefits the upper castes of Indian society. We caution that emphasising behavioural asymmetry and endorsing the Varna model might further stigmatise lower castes, especially Dalits, and feed into a conformity bias already predominant in caste-related psychological research. We argue that the conceptualisation and operationalisation of Right-Wing Authoritarianism, Social Dominance Orientation and legitimising myths in the Indian context needs to take into account the particular meaning and functions of these constructs in specific intergroup contexts, and for identity positions salient within these contexts. We contend that any examination aimed at better understanding the nature of social hierarchy and oppression within the caste system and Indian society in general remains inconclusive without including a focus on the construction and contestation of social categories and social identities.

  6. Contribution of the thraustochytrid Corallochytrium limacisporum Raghu-kumar to microbial biomass in coral reef lagoons

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Raghukumar, S.; Chandramohan, D.; Ramaiah, N.

    on the number of C limacisporum, total viable bacteria (saprophyte numbers), chlorophyll a content and total ATP in the lagoon waters, the contribution of C limacisporum to the microbial biomass in coral reef lagoons of the Lakshadweep islands was calculated...

  7. Effect of fungicides and bioagents on number of microorganisms in soil and yield of soybean (Glycine max

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GAURAV MISHRA

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Mishra G, Kumar N, Giri K, Pandey S, Kumar R. 2014. Effect of fungicides and bioagents on number of microorganisms in soil and yield of soybean (Glycine max. Nusantara Bioscience 6: 45-48. In field experiments, the effect of selected fungicides and bioagents on number of soil microorganisms and yield of soybean (Glycine max L. Merill was investigated. The results showed that some of the crop protections preparations applied in the experiment (as seed dressing increased the populations of the examined microorganisms after the harvest of crops. Maximum counts of bacteria were recorded with Thiomethaxam at 3 g kg-1 while Pseudomonas at 3 g kg-1 showed the highest population of fungi, Actinomycetes, B. japonicum, PSB and Pseudomonas. The highest straw and grain yields of 3241.6 and 1439.4 kg ha-1, respectively, were recorded with Pseudomonas at 3 g kg-1.

  8. Antioxidant activity of some coumarins / Antioxidačná activita niektorých kumarínov

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šeršeň F.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Otestovali sme devatnasť derivatov kumarinu, na vychytavanie DPPH, hydroxylovych, a superoxidovych anionovych radikalov. Ich antioxidačna učinnosť bola zavisla od počtu a lokalizacie hydroxylovych skupin. Derivaty, ktore nemali žiadnu hydroxylovu skupinu boli veľmi slabo učinne, alebo vobec neučinne. Najučinnejšie vychytavače radikalov boli tie derivaty kumarinu, ktore obsahovali hydoxylove skupiny v polohe 6 alebo 8. Na druhej strane derivaty, ktore mali iba jednu hydroxylovu skupinu v polohe 4, 5 alebo 7 boli veľmi slabo učinne. Najučinnejšie vychytavače vyššie spominanych radikalov boli 7,8-dihydroxy-4-metylkumarin (zlučenina, ktora obsahuje 2 hydroxylove skupiny na benzenovom jadre v polohe 7 a 8, 7,8-dihydroxykumarin-4-yl-octova kyselina (obsahuje okrem 2 hydroxylovych skupin na benzenovom jadre ma aj OH skupinu v kyselinovom zvyšku, eskuletin (6,7-dihydroxykumarin a 6,7-dihydroxy-4-metylkumarin.

  9. Reviewer Database

    OpenAIRE

    Chief Editor

    2016-01-01

    REVIEWER DATABASEA S PaddaAarati KrishnanAarti KapilAbdul JilaniAbhaya JoglekarAbhijit PakhareAbhisek MishraAbhishek ArunAbhishek GuptaAbhishek JadhavAbhishek SinghAditi SinghAdrija RoyAdwitiya MukhopadhyayAhmed MandilA SubramanianAjit SahaiAkanksha GautamAkela MohamedAkhila GopinathanAkshay KumarAlankrata JainAli AbediAlisha SyiemliehAmal BasuAmandeep KaurA ChauhanAmarnath GuptaAmar SinhaAmir M KhanAmit KaushikAmit PawaiyaAmit SinghAmrita KansalAmrita SougaijamA WadheraAnand DixtA Neelakanta...

  10. Conventional Methodology in Transnational Community Research in ed. Cultivating Pathways of Creative Research New Horizons of Tranformative Practice and Collaborative Imagination Edited by Ananta Kumar Giri Ananta Giri-

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farah, Abdulkadir Osman

    2017-01-01

    and transformative practice, appropriate self-formation and collaborative imagination, experimental creativity and world transformation. With a foreword and an afterword, the book brings together thirty creative thinkers of our world from diverse backgrounds who share with us their vision and practice of cultivating...... of Creative Research: Towards a Festival of Dialogues and is followed by Research as Realization: Science, Spirituality and Harmony is not only a pioneering contribution to the world research but also to rethinking and regenerating self, culture, society and the human condition....

  11. Reviewer Database

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available REVIEWER DATABASEA S PaddaAarati KrishnanAarti KapilAbdul JilaniAbhaya JoglekarAbhijit PakhareAbhisek MishraAbhishek ArunAbhishek GuptaAbhishek JadhavAbhishek SinghAditi SinghAdrija RoyAdwitiya MukhopadhyayAhmed MandilA SubramanianAjit SahaiAkanksha GautamAkela MohamedAkhila GopinathanAkshay KumarAlankrata JainAli AbediAlisha SyiemliehAmal BasuAmandeep KaurA ChauhanAmarnath GuptaAmar SinhaAmir M KhanAmit KaushikAmit PawaiyaAmit SinghAmrita KansalAmrita SougaijamA WadheraAnand DixtA NeelakantanAnil PurtyAnimesh JainAnisha MohanAnjali AroraAnjan DattaAnju GahlotAnkita BajpaiAnku SaikiaAnmol GoyalAnu AgrawalAnu BhardwajAnuj JangraAnupama AryaA MohokarAnurag ChaudaryA SrivastavaAr BondArnab GhoshArpan YagnikArpit PrajapatiArshad AyubArti RauthanArun SainiArun SharmaArun ShiraliArun SugumaranArun VargheseArun WanjpeArvind NathArvind SinghAsha RAshish ChauhanAshish SinhaAshish SrivastavaAshish YadavAshok BhardwajAshok SrivastavaAshu GroverAshutosh SarwaAshwani SinhaAshwini KumarAthar AnsariAtul PuthiaAustin OkpanmaAvijit DasAvijit SinghaAvinash SunthliaB P MathurB VermaBabu DilipBadri MisraBaridalyne NongkynrihBhaswati SenguptaBhavana PandeyBhavana PantBhola NathBhupinder AnandBhupinder SinghBhuwan SharmaBiju SomanBimlesh KumarBinod KumarBinod PatroBishwas AcharyaBiswajit PaulB ChakravarthyB MannaC M S RawatC P MishraC M SinghChandra PrabhaChibi RushithaChitrangada MistryD SrivastavaDaksh SharmaDaneshwar SinghDanish ImtiazDebabrata RoyDeep ShikhaDeepa NairDeepak ChopraDeepak GuptaDeepak SharmaDeepika MittalNandanwarD SharmaDevi NairDharma BhattaD GahwaiDheeraj SharmaDhiraj SrivastavaDhrubajyotiDileepanDinesh BhatnagarDipanjan DeyDivya RajaseharanEkta GuptaEmanuel CummingsEnakshi GanguliFabrice JotterandFatma KarasuFomboh RichardGagan GargGajendra GuptaGarima MittalG BandyopadhyayGeetanjali KapoorGeetu SinghGhos AhmedGirish ChavanGirjesh YadavGita NegiGmsubba RaoGnanakshiGobezie TemesgenGokul ShindeGouri PadhyKassa GideboGunjan NathH ChopraHameeda Ali

  12. Cellulose nanofiber aerogel as a promising biomaterial for customized oral drug delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhandari J

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Jyoti Bhandari,1 Harshita Mishra,1 Pawan Kumar Mishra,2 Rupert Wimmer,2,3 Farhan J Ahmad,1 Sushama Talegaonkar1 1Department of Pharmaceutics, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India; 2Department of Wood Science, Mendel University in Brno, Brno, Czech Republic; 3Institute for Natural Materials Technology, Department of Agrobiotechnology, IFA-Tulln, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria Abstract: Cellulose nanofiber (CNF aerogels with favorable floatability and mucoadhesive properties prepared by the freeze-drying method have been introduced as new possible carriers for oral controlled drug delivery system. Bendamustine hydrochloride is considered as the model drug. Drug loading was carried out by the physical adsorption method, and optimization of drug-loaded formulation was done using central composite design. A very lightweight-aerogel-with-matrix system was produced with drug loading of 18.98%±1.57%. The produced aerogel was characterized for morphology, tensile strength, swelling tendency in media with different pH values, floating behavior, mucoadhesive detachment force and drug release profiles under different pH conditions. The results showed that the type of matrix was porous and woven with excellent mechanical properties. The drug release was assessed by dialysis, which was fitted with suitable mathematical models. Approximately 69.205%±2.5% of the drug was released in 24 hours in medium of pH 1.2, whereas ~78%±2.28% of drug was released in medium of pH 7.4, with floating behavior for ~7.5 hours. The results of in vivo study showed a 3.25-fold increase in bioavailability. Thus, we concluded that CNF aerogels offer a great possibility for a gastroretentive drug delivery system with improved bioavailability. Keywords: cellulose nanofiber, aerogel, controlled release, gastroretentive, floating behavior, swelling behavior, mucoadhesion, bioavailability

  13. Impact of an external energy on Enterococcus faecalis [ATCC – 51299] in relation to antibiotic susceptibility and biochemical reactions – An experimental study

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Trivedi, Mahendra Kumar; Bhardwaj, Dr. Yogi; Patil, Shrikant; Shettigar, Harish; Bulbule, Archana

    2009-01-01

    .... The present experiments on Enterococcus faecalis [ATCC – 51299] , report the effects of such energy transmitted through a person, Mahendra Trivedi, which has produced an impact measurable in scientifically rigorous...

  14. Isothermal Kinetics of Diesel Soot Oxidation over La0.7K0.3ZnOy Catalysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ram Prasad

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the kinetics of catalytic oxidation of diesel soot with air under isothermal conditions (320-350 oC. Isothermal kinetics data were collected in a mini-semi-batch reactor. Experiments were performed over the best selected catalyst composition La0.7K0.3ZnOy prepared by sol-gel method. Characterization of the catalyst by XRD and FTIR confirmed that La1-xKxZnOy did not exhibit perovskite phase but formed mixed metal oxides. 110 mg of the catalyst-soot mixture in tight contact (10:1 ratio was taken in order to determine the kinetic model, activation energy and Arrhenius constant of the oxidation reaction under the high air flow rate assuming pseudo first order reaction. The activation energy and Arrhenius constant were found to be 138 kJ/mol and 6.46x1010 min-1, respectively. © 2014 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reservedReceived: 26th April 2014; Revised: 27th May 2014; Accepted: 28th June 2014How to Cite: Prasad, R., Kumar, A., Mishra, A. (2014. Isothermal Kinetics of Diesel Soot Oxidation over La0.7K0.3ZnOy Catalysts. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 9(3: 192-200. (doi: 10.9767/bcrec.9.3.6773.192-200Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.9.3.6773.192-200

  15. Discussion on ‘‘Bearing capacity of circular footings over rock mass by using axisymmetric quasi lower bound finite element limit analysis” by Manash Chakraborty and Jyant Kumar [Comput. Geotech. 70 (2015) 138–149

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Johan Christian

    2016-01-01

    The commenter has read the above mentioned article with great interest and will commend the authors for their work. The article give rise to some comments which will be presented in the following. The designations and symbols used in this comment corresponds to those used in the commented paper....

  16. Synthesis of PLGA nanoparticles of tea polyphenols and their strong in vivo protective effect against chemically induced DNA damage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srivastava AK

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Amit Kumar Srivastava,1 Priyanka Bhatnagar,2 Madhulika Singh,1 Sanjay Mishra,1 Pradeep Kumar,2 Yogeshwer Shukla,1 Kailash Chand Gupta1,2 1Proteomics Laboratory, Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (CSIR, Lucknow, India; 2Nucleic Acid Research Laboratory, Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (CSIR, Delhi University Campus, India Abstract: In spite of proficient results of several phytochemicals in preclinical settings, the conversion rate from bench to bedside is not very encouraging. Many reasons are attributed to this limited success, including inefficient systemic delivery and bioavailability under in vivo conditions. To achieve improved efficacy, polyphenolic constituents of black (theaflavin [TF] and green (epigallocatechin-3-gallate [EGCG] tea in poly(lactide-co-glycolide nanoparticles (PLGA-NPs were entrapped with entrapment efficacy of ~18% and 26%, respectively. Further, their preventive potential against 7,12-dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA-induced DNA damage in mouse skin using DNA alkaline unwinding assay was evaluated. Pretreatment (topically of mouse skin with either TF or EGCG (100 µg/mouse doses exhibits protection of 45.34% and 28.32%, respectively, against DMBA-induced DNA damage. However, pretreatment with TF-loaded PLGA-NPs protects against DNA damage 64.41% by 1/20th dose of bulk, 71.79% by 1/10th dose of bulk, and 72.46% by 1/5th dose of bulk. Similarly, 51.28% (1/20th of bulk, 57.63% (1/10th of bulk, and 63.14% (1/5th of bulk prevention was noted using EGCG-loaded PLGA-NP doses. These results showed that tea polyphenol-loaded PLGA-NPs have ~30-fold dose-advantage than bulk TF or EGCG doses. Additionally, TF- or EGCG-loaded PLGA-NPs showed significant potential for induction of DNA repair genes (XRCC1, XRCC3, and ERCC3 and suppression of DNA damage responsive genes (p53, p21, MDM2, GADD45α, and COX-2 as compared with respective bulk TF or EGCG doses. Taken together, TF- or EGCG-loaded PLGA-NPs showed a superior

  17. Kuppuswamy’s Socio-economic Status Scale: Updating Income Ranges for the Year 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hema Thakkar

    2015-12-01

    how index and base year have seen changes for reference index and has been used to calculate inflation based conversion factor. Mishra D therefore worked on this issue of revision of family’s monthly income in rupees for the year 1976, when the price index was 296 according to base year 1960=100. Then he revised it for the year 1998 using base year 1982=100.The base year has been changed from 2001. Kumar N et al. (10 took into account the new base year 2001= 100 for revision of family’s monthly income in rupees for the year 2007. Conversion factor for 1982, base year has changed with considering 2001 as base year. To get the updated conversion factor the following exercise is adopted as followsFor calculating the conversion factor for the year 2007, the All India Average Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers (CPI-IW has to be divided by 88.428. All India Average Consumer Price Index Numbers for Industrial Workers (Base 2001=100 shows general index as 128 on April 2007 (http : // labourbureau.nic.in/indexes.htm – Labour Bureau Government of India, as per survey done in 1999-2000. The conversion factor for year 2007= 128/88.428=1.45. The income ranges for the year 2007 was obtained by multiplying 1998 income ranges by the conversion factor 1.45 to get the revised Kuppuswamy Socioeconomic status scale for the year 2007. Kumar N et al. (11 again revised the socioeconomic status in the year 2012 taking the base year 2001= 100 for revision of monthly income in rupees for the year 2012.

  18. Study of knowledge and attitude among college-going students toward voluntary blood donation from north India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mishra SK

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Shailesh Kumar Mishra,1 Suchet Sachdev,1 Neelam Marwaha,1 Ajit Avasthi21Department of Transfusion Medicine, 2Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, IndiaIntroduction: The study was conducted to assess the knowledge and attitude of college-going students toward voluntary blood donation and to bring out and compare the reasons for donating or not donating blood.Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 1,000 college-going students after taking their consent for participation using a prevalidated, self-administered, structured questionnaire after its content and construct validation.Results: The difference in the means of the level of knowledge among the donor (mean: 14.71±2.48 and nondonor students (mean: 11.55±2.82 was statistically significant. There was significant impact of previous blood donation on the level of knowledge in donor students. The attitude toward blood donation was more positive among blood donor as compared to nondonor students, and the difference in their means was statistically significant. About one in two (45.8% college-going students fear that either they are not fit enough to donate blood (26.8% or that they will become weak (19% after blood donation. Almost one in four (27.4% have fear of needle pain; therefore, they do not come forward for blood donation.Interpretation and conclusion: The most significant reason hindering blood donation comes out to be related to health of the individual donor. The findings of this study conclude that the national targets of voluntary blood donation could be better met with specific blood donor information, education, motivation, and recruitment strategies focusing on the myths and misconceptions prevalent in the donor demographic area of that particular region, specifically targeting high-school children in countries developing a volunteer donor base.Keywords: knowledge, attitude, voluntary blood

  19. Regulatory circuitry of TWEAK-Fn14 system and PGC-1α in skeletal muscle atrophy program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hindi, Sajedah M.; Mishra, Vivek; Bhatnagar, Shephali; Tajrishi, Marjan M.; Ogura, Yuji; Yan, Zhen; Burkly, Linda C.; Zheng, Timothy S.; Kumar, Ashok

    2014-01-01

    Skeletal muscle wasting attributed to inactivity has significant adverse functional consequences. Accumulating evidence suggests that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α (PGC-1α) and TNF-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK)-Fn14 system are key regulators of skeletal muscle mass in various catabolic states. While the activation of TWEAK-Fn14 signaling causes muscle wasting, PGC-1α preserves muscle mass in several conditions, including functional denervation and aging. However, it remains unknown whether there is any regulatory interaction between PGC-1α and TWEAK-Fn14 system during muscle atrophy. Here we demonstrate that TWEAK significantly reduces the levels of PGC-1α and mitochondrial content (∼50%) in skeletal muscle. Levels of PGC-1α are significantly increased in skeletal muscle of TWEAK-knockout (KO) and Fn14-KO mice compared to wild-type mice on denervation. Transgenic (Tg) overexpression of PGC-1α inhibited progressive muscle wasting in TWEAK-Tg mice. PGC-1α inhibited the TWEAK-induced activation of NF-κB (∼50%) and dramatically reduced (∼90%) the expression of atrogenes such as MAFbx and MuRF1. Intriguingly, muscle-specific overexpression of PGC-1α also prevented the inducible expression of Fn14 in denervated skeletal muscle. Collectively, our study demonstrates that TWEAK induces muscle atrophy through repressing the levels of PGC-1α. Overexpression of PGC-1α not only blocks the TWEAK-induced atrophy program but also diminishes the expression of Fn14 in denervated skeletal muscle.—Hindi, S. M., Mishra, V., Bhatnagar, S., Tajrishi, M. M., Ogura, Y., Yan, Z., Burkly, L. C., Zheng, T. S., Kumar, A. Regulatory circuitry of TWEAK-Fn14 system and PGC-1α in skeletal muscle atrophy program. PMID:24327607

  20. The Relationship of Academic Stress with Aggression, Depression and Academic Performance of College Students in Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khanehkeshi, Ali; Basavarajappa

    2011-01-01

    This paper investigates the relationship of academic stress with aggression, depression and academic performance of college students. Using a random sampling technique, 60 students consist of boys and girls were selected as students having academic stress. The scale for assessing academic stress (Sinha, Sharma and Mahendra, 2001); the Buss-Perry…

  1. Enhancing the health of women living with HIV: the SMART/EST Women's Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen M Weiss

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Stephen M Weiss1, Jonathan N Tobin2, Michael Antoni1, Gail Ironson1, Mary Ishii1, Anita Vaughn2, Andrea Cassells2, Deborah Jones1, Neil Schneiderman1, Elizabeth Brondolo3, Arthur LaPerriere1, Maria Lopez1, Olga Villar-Loubet1, Joanne Camille2, Mahendra Kumar1, J Bryan Page1, SMART/EST Women's Project Team*1University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA; 2Clinical Directors Network, New York, NY, USA; 3St Johns University, Queens, NY, USA; *The SMART/EST Womens' Project Team: DeVieux J, Jean-Gilles M, Gousse Y, Alexander K, Bustamonte V, Lopez E, Casani J, Stanley H, Asthana D, Van Splunteren F, Goldstein A, Nasajon R, Wiesner Y, Zukerman M, Segal-Isaacson CJ, Romanowsky A, Masheb R, Coma C, Ubiera M, D'Andrea SM, Ittai N.Abstract: The principal objective of these multisite studies (Florida, New York, New Jersey: epicenters for human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] among women was to develop and implement effective combinations of behavioral interventions to optimize the health status of the most neglected and understudied population affected by the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS epidemic in the United States: poor women of color living with HIV. The two studies enrolled nearly 900 women randomly assigned to “high intensity” (cognitive–behavioral stress management training combined with expressive–supportive therapy [CBSM]+ group or “low intensity” (individual psychoeducational program treatment conditions over a period of 9 years. The initial study of the stress management and relaxation training/expressive–supportive therapy (SMART/EST Women's Project (SWP I focused on reducing depression and anxiety, as well as improving self-efficacy and overall quality of life for women with case-defined AIDS. Findings from this study demonstrated the utility of CBSM+ in reducing distress (depression, anxiety and denial, while improving social support, self-efficacy, coping skills, and quality of life. The second study (SWP II, which included all

  2. Calcification

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... In: Kumar V, Abbas AK, Aster JC, eds. Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease . 9th ed. ... In: Kumar V, Abbas AK, Aster JC, eds. Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease . 9th ed. ...

  3. Metabolite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar V, Abbas AK, Aster JC. Cellular responses to stress and toxic insults: Adaptation, injury, and death. In: Kumar V, Abbas AK, Aster JC, eds. Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease . 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: ...

  4. Lipofuscin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar V, Abbas AK, Aster JC. Cellular responses to stress and toxic insults: Adaptation, injury, and death. In: Kumar V, Abbas AK, Aster JC, eds. Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease . 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: ...

  5. Amartya Kumar Sen, La démocratie des autres. Pourquoi la liberté n’est pas une invention de l’Occident, traduit de l’américain par Monique Bégot, Paris, Payot et Rivages (Manuels Payot, 85 p., 10 euros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muriel Gilardone

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available La démocratie est certainement le fil conducteur de l’ensemble de l’œuvre – a priori épars – de l’économiste et philosophe Amartya Sen. D’une part, sa foi en la démocratie apparaît comme la raison première de sa volonté de défier le « théorème d’impossibilité » établi par Kenneth Arrow au début des années cinquante, et comme une ligne directrice dans sa recherche en théorie du choix social. D’autre part, dans ses analyses de problèmes sociaux plus empiriques, comme la famine ou les inégalités...

  6. Reclassification of Rhodospirillum photometricum Molisch 1907, Rhodospirillum sulfurexigens Anil Kumar et al. 2008 and Rhodospirillum oryzae Lakshmi et al. 2013 in a new genus, Pararhodospirillum gen. nov., as Pararhodospirillum photometricum comb. nov., Pararhodospirillum sulfurexigens comb. nov. and Pararhodospirillum oryzae comb. nov., respectively, and emended description of the genus Rhodospirillum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakshmi, K V N S; Divyasree, B; Ramprasad, E V V; Sasikala, Ch; Ramana, Ch V

    2014-04-01

    The genus Rhodospirillum is represented by four species, with three of them showing phylogenetic divergence compared to the type species, Rhodospirillum rubrum. Differences in the major diagnostic properties such as internal photosynthetic membranes, quinones, fatty acids, carotenoid composition and a few other phenotypic properties warrant the reclassification of members of this genus. Resultantly, a new genus, Pararhodospirillum gen. nov., is proposed based on the analysis of nine strains to accommodate Rhodospirillum photometricum, Rhodospirillum sulfurexigens and Rhodospirillum oryzae as Pararhodospirillum photometricum comb. nov., Pararhodospirillum sulfurexigens comb. nov. and Pararhodospirillum oryzae comb. nov., respectively. The type species of the genus is Pararhodospirillum photometricum comb. nov. An emended description of the genus Rhodospirillum is also proposed.

  7. Shrinking of the Cocos and Nazca Plates due to Horizontal Thermal Contraction and Implications for Plate Non-rigidity and the Non-closure of the Pacific-Cocos-Nazca Plate Motion Circuit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, R. G.; Kreemer, C.

    2015-12-01

    Plate rigidity is the central tenet of plate tectonics. Mounting evidence suggests, however, that significant intraplate deformation occurs in oceanic lithosphere due to horizontal thermal contraction, the rate of which decreases as ≈ 1/age [Kumar & Gordon 2009]. Support for this hypothesis comes from the azimuths of submarine transform faults, which are fit significantly better assuming shrinking plates than by assuming rigid plates [Mishra & Gordon 2015]. Previously we estimated the intraplate velocity field of the Pacific plate accounting for horizontal thermal contraction. The ≈2 mm/yr southeastward motion predicted for the northeastern part of the plate relative to the Pacific-Antarctic Rise may contribute to the non-closure of the Pacific-North America plate motion circuit. In a reference frame in which fix the oldest portion of the Pacific plate, some sites on the plate move up to ≈2 mm/yr [Kreemer & Gordon 2014]. Here we present intraplate velocity fields of the Cocos and Nazca plates and discuss their implications for the non-rigidity of plates and the non-closure of the Pacific-Cocos-Nazca plate circuit, which fails closure by a stunning 14 ±5 mm/yr [DeMets et al. 2010]. If we fix the oldest part of the Cocos plate, intraplate velocities of up to ≈2 mm/yr are estimated, with the fastest motion occurring at the northern end of the plate. If we fix the oldest part of the Nazca plate, displacement rates up to 2 mm/yr are estimated, with the fastest motion occurring in the northeasternmost portion of the plate. In the velocity fields for both plates, the lithosphere adjacent to transform faults along the East Pacific Rise tends to move to the south, which would skew the azimuths of the transform faults clockwise of the values expected for rigid plates, which is the same as the sense of misfit between observed azimuths of transform faults and the azimuths calculated from the MORVEL global set of relative angular velocities [DeMets et al. 2010]. Direct

  8. Discussion on the interrelationship between structural, optical, electronic and elastic properties of materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aly, Kamal A., E-mail: kamalaly200@gmail.com

    2015-05-05

    Highlights: • The calculated values of bulk modulus in Reddy et al. [1] are now recalculated correctly. • Eq. (11) suggested by Reddy et al. [1] is not suitable to calculate the bulk modulus, B, for any element or material. • Eq. (12) in Ref. [1] is suitable to calculate, B, for all elements and materials except the underlined materials in Table 4. • All values of the electronic polarizability have been recalculated by different methods. • The bulk modulus, B, and microhardness parameter, H are different; Eq. (8) gives the relation between B and H. - Abstract: In reference Reddy et al. (2009) the correlations between energy gap, optical electronegativity and electronic polarizability for different materials have been studied. The authors of this paper (Reddy et al., 2009) aimed to make extinction or complete some previous works (Bahadur and Mishra, 2013; Reddy et al., 1999, 2000, 1998, 2005, 2008; Reddy and Nazeer Ahammed, 1996; Oshcherin, 1979; Neumann, 1983, 1987; Deus and Schneider; 1985; Deus et al., 1983; Kumar et al. 1992). However, this paper (Reddy et al., 2009) contains many fundamental errors in the calculation of bulk modulus, especially Tables 4–6. As a result, all the obtained values of the bulk modulus and consequently the electronic polarizability are incorrect. Moreover in Table 4 (Reddy et al., 2009), the bulk modulus of II−VI group semiconductors have been calculated by substituting the values of the band gap, E{sub g}, into Eq. (11) (B = 14.91 E{sub g} + 23.3). The obtained values of B using Eq. (11) are conflicted with that calculated values of B based on the electronegativity and the published previously data. Therefore Eq. (11) in reference Reddy et al. (2009) is not suitable for calculating the values of B for any element or materials. When I recalculated the values of B for all materials in Tables 1 and 4–6 in paper (Reddy et al., 2009) using Eq. (12), I found that, Eq. (12) gives acceptable values of B for all materials

  9. The necessity of renovation of the fundamental concepts of geochemistry for the geothermal systems; La necesidad de renovacion de los conceptos fundamentales de geoquimica para los sistemas geotermicos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mahendra Jaiswal, Pal Verma [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Temixco, Morelos (Mexico)

    1999-07-01

    In this article the exhaustive experimentation of the compilation of the experimental data of quartz solubility is presented along with the saturation curve water - steam and in the zone of compressed liquid. On the base of these data a regression relation was derived, which is valid for the entire range of temperature from 0 to 374 Celsius degrees. This study was developed by Mahendra Pal Verma Jaiswal, researcher of the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE) [Spanish] En este articulo se presenta el experimento exhaustivo de la recopilacion de los datos experimentales de la solubilidad de cuarzo a lo largo de la curva de saturacion agua - vapor y en la zona de liquido comprimido. Sobre la base de estos datos se derivo una relacion de regresion, la cual es valida para todo el rango de temperatura desde 0 a 374 grados Celsius. Este estudio fue desarrollado por Mahendra Pal Verma Jaiswal, investigador del Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas (IIE)

  10. United Nations Peacekeeping Participation and Civil-Military Relations in Troop Contributing Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    unrest, King Birendra conducted a plebiscite in 1980 that offered a choice between a multiparty democratic system and a "reformed Panchayat system...political parties whose approaches were anti-monarchist since King Mahendra dismantled the first democratic system in the 1960’s. The political...it was taught to be loyal to the king and the country rather than to the people and the democratic system . At the end of the Panchayat, the gap

  11. Proof-of-Concept Study: Novel Microbially-Driven Fenton Reaction for In Situ Remediation of Groundwater Contaminated with 1,4-Dioxane, Tetrachloroethene (PCE) and Trichloroethene (TCE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-17

    1,4-dioxane is also a byproduct of surfactant and polyethylene terephthalate plastic manufacturing processes.6, 11, 12 1,4-dioxane is completely...hydrogen peroxide process. Environ Sci Technol 1998, 32, (11), 1588-1595. 2. Sun, B. Z.; Ko, K.; Ramsay, J. A., Biodegradation of 1,4-dioxane by a...Flavobacterium. Biodegradation 2011, 22, (3), 651-659. 3. Mahendra, S.; Alvarez-Cohen, L., Kinetics of 1,4-dioxane biodegradation by monooxygenase

  12. s P staphy from Plasmi ylococc m patie d prof cus au ents at file of m ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sunny

    increase globally and at an alarming rate (Mishra et al.,. 2013). ... Multi-antibiotic resistant S. aureus isolated from wounds of diabetic outpatients ..... wounds at the hospital would probably have tried self medication and .... Conflict of Interest.

  13. The impact of selected stakeholders on family business continuity ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Southern African Business Review Volume 16 Number 2 2012. The impact of selected ... on the success of the family business, its continuity or the family harmony that ...... Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press. Mishra, S. & Suar, D.

  14. Fully Coupled Thermomechanical Finite Element Analysis of Material Evolution During Friction-Stir Welding of AA5083

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-09-03

    Sharma, S. R., and Mishra, R. S. Effect of friction stir processing on the microstructure of cast A356 aluminum . Mater. Sci. Engng A, 2006, 433, 269...J. and Thomas, W. M. Friction stir process welds aluminum alloys. Welding J., 1996, 75, 41–52. 3 Thomas, W. M. and Dolby, R. E. Friction stir welding...273. 8 Su, J. Q., Nelson, T. W., Mishra, R., and Mahoney, M. Microstructural investigation of friction stir welded 7050-T651 aluminum . Acta Mater., 2003

  15. Spatial variations of DMS, DMSP and phytoplankton in the Bay of Bengal during the summer monsoon 2001

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Shenoy, D.M.; Paul, J.T.; Gauns, M.; Ramaiah, N.; DileepKumar, M.

    on the distribution of DMS and DMSP in the northern Indian Ocean (Hatton, Malin & Liss 1999; Shenoy, Kumar & Sarma, 2000; Shenoy, Joseph, Kumar & George, 2002 Shenoy & Patil, 2003). The northern Indian Ocean is comprised of the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal... flame photometric detector (FPD). Both DMS and DMSPt were analysed according to the method given of Turner, Malin, Bagander, & Leck, (1990) and is also detailed in Shenoy, Joseph, Kumar, & George, (2002) and Shenoy and Patil (2003). Briefly, a known...

  16. CME ON CLINICAL RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suneel. I. Majagi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Safety and efficacy are the two major concerns for any drug therapy. Globally clinical research plays an inevitable role in bringing a new molecule into the market after its synthesis by the pharmaceutical industries. Availability of large patient population, highly educated and skilled manpower, wide spectrum of diseases and favorable economic environment imply India’s potential as a global hub for clinical research. Pharmaceutical companies and Clinical Research Organization (CROs will require many trained personnel to carry out the clinical research. Keeping in mind these facts a CME with the theme of “Clinical research” had been jointly organized by the Dept of pharmacology, K.L.E University’s J.N.M.C, Belgaum and Indian Pharmacological Society (I.P.S, Belgaum branch on 20th February 2010. In the first scientific session, Dr.P.A.Patil (JNMC spoke on “Preclinical studies”. In vitro and in vivo experiments of various doses of ‘study drug’ can obtain preliminary efficacy, toxicity and pharmacokinetic information suggesting the scientific merit for further development as an investigational new drug (IND. Local or systemic toxicity studies can be conducted (ex: urine analysis, blood biochemical assay, gross and microscopic pathology etc. Dr. B.J. Mahendra Kumar (KLE University’s College of pharmacy talked on “Role of Drug Controller General of India (DCGI in Clinical Trials”. He explained about Drug and cosmetic acts/rules, requirements/guidelines for permission to import and/or to manufacture new drugs or to undertake clinical trials i.e. Schedule Y and its appendices. Dr.N.M.Patil (JNMC elaborated about “Ethical issues in clinical trials”. Ethics is required to: avoid exploitation of the subjects (maintain safety and wellbeing, protect vulnerable groups, children, disabled, elderly etc. Independent Ethics Committees (IEC and Institutional Review Boards (IRB are concerned with medical ethics. IECs review, regulate

  17. FROM THE EDITOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cemil Ozturk

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Hello, Thanks for joining us again in this November 2014 issue (V/2 of Journal of Social Studies Education Research (JSSER. Our journal has completed its 5 years with this current issue. As the family of Association of Social Studies Educators (ASSE, we are extremely delighted and proud to see the blossoms that we first watered in 2009. JSSER has turned to a qualified electronic journal that has been acknowledged and indexed by various indexes in recent years. One of those indexes has been recognized by Turkish Higher Education Council as a database that includes periodicals regarded as publishing quality academic papers that fulfills the requirements for applying associate professorship. Since its foundation, ASSE, the publisher of the JSSER has been playing the role of an instrument to manifest and improve the “New Social Studies Movement” which emerged through the end of 1990s. The mission of JSSER in this context is to meet the requirement for academic periodical, publishing studies on social studies education. Being published as an electronic journal, JSSER gives us an opportunity to take advantages of the so called Information Age. As a matter of fact, today’s electronic journals have a potential to reach more readers than most of the best-selling published periodicals of late 20th Century. Nevertheless, the same technologies present some risks that we cannot keep under control. The problems that the have been experiencing in the preparation processes of the last two issues are in this kind. In this issue, we have also experienced some communication problems as result of the moving of JSSER’s technical substructure to the Turkish Journal Park. As a result, only three papers, whose peer-reviewing processes had completed could be published in this current issue: Rishabh Kumar Mishra “Social Constructivism and Teaching of Social Science”, Hatice Türe and Arife Figen Ersoy “Sosyal Bilgiler Öğretmenlerinin Hoşgörü Alg

  18. A High-Throughput Pipeline for Designing Microarray-Based Pathogen Diagnostic Assays

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-04-10

    Ravi Vijaya Satya, Nela Zavaljevski, Kamal Kumar and Jaques Reifman* Address: Biotechnology HPC Software Applications Institute, Telemedicine and...bioanalysis.org; Nela Zavaljevski - nelaz@bioanalysis.org; Kamal Kumar - kamal@bioanalysis.org; Jaques Reifman* - jaques.reifman@us.army.mil

  19. In silico Microarray Probe Design for Diagnosis of Multiple Pathogens

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-21

    Nela Zavaljevski1, Kamal Kumar1, Elizabeth Bode2, Susana Padilla2, Leonard Wasieloski2, Jeanne Geyer2 and Jaques Reifman*1 Address: 1Biotechnology HPC...Vijaya Satya - rvijaya@bioanalysis.org; Nela Zavaljevski - nelaz@bioanalysis.org; Kamal Kumar - kamal@bioanalysis.org; Elizabeth Bode

  20. The Relationship Between Naval Aviation Mishaps and Squadron Maintenance Safety Climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    and fewer groups ( Aaker , Kumar, & Day, 2004). Principal component analysis has been the primary factor analysis method for summarizing this...Parent 75 LIST OF REFERENCES Aaker , D. A., Kumar, V., & Day, G. S. (2004). Marketing research. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons. Baker, R. (1998

  1. Is the Employment of Army the Only Solution for Solving the Naxal Problem in India?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    8. Bidyut Chakarbarty and Rajat Kumar Kujur, Maoism in India: The Reincarnation of Ultra Left Wing Extremism in the Twenty First...Knowledge Press, 2004. Chakarbarty, Bidyut and Rajat Kumar Kujur. Maoism in India: The Reincarnation of Ultra Left Wing Extremism in the Twenty First

  2. Cost optimization of urban public transport: buying or selling a used bus?/Otimizacao de custos do transporte publico urbano: comprar ou vender um onibus usado?/Optimizacion de costes del transporte publico urbano: ?compra o venta de un bus que se utiliza?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    da Costa, Ana Paula Rodrigues; Nossa, Valcemiro; Teixeira, Arilda Magna Campagnaro; Teixeira, Aridelmo Jose Campanharo

    2014-01-01

    ... robusto de alocacao de recursos para manter o padrao do servico publico. No entanto, a alocacao de recursos ideal para a compra, operacao e manutencao de uma frota de onibus e um processo decisorio complexo (MISHRA et al., 2013, p. 111). Feldens et al. (2010, p. 2) explicam que no processo de decisao as empresas do setor de transporte urba...

  3. Current Collapse Induced in AlGaN/GaN High-Electron-Mobility Transistors by Bias Stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-08-25

    structure where the traps causing current collapse can be passivated by forming H-defect complexes. Hierro et al.7 have shown, for example, that deep...Lett. 75, 4016 ~1999!. 7 A. Hierro , S. A. Ringel, M. Hansen, J. S. Speck, U. K. Mishra, and S. P. DenBaars, Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1499 ~2000!. 8 S. J

  4. Eluviisi mõjust haigusele / Lilian Hankewitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Lilian

    2004-01-01

    Raamatu "Vähi vastu aitab see, kui me ei anna talle võimalust tekkidagi" autorid meditsiinidoktor Hari Sharma, ayurveda arst Rama Mishra ja dr. James Meade'i annavad nõu haigusvaenuliku pinnase loomises ja inimese organismi tugevdamises. Järgneb 19.,26. okt., 2., 9.,16.,23.,30. nov., 7.,14.,21. dets.

  5. From TPACK-in-Action Workshops to Classrooms: CALL Competency Developed and Integrated

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tai, Shu-Ju Diana

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of a CALL teacher education workshop guided by the TPACK-in-Action model (Tai, 2013). This model is framed within Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK, Mishra & Koehler, 2006) and advocates a learning-by-doing approach (Chapelle & Hegelheimer, 2004) to understand how English teachers develop…

  6. Your Customer's Voice: An Innovation Roadmap for Professional Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallagher, Sean; Mishra, Seema

    2013-01-01

    In this article, Gallagher and Mishra state that "innovation" is in vogue in the increasingly competitive and globalized higher education landscape, particularly in the world of serving working professionals in continuing higher education. Too often, however, colleges and universities do not consider the voice of the consuming public--in…

  7. Preparing Pre-Service Teachers to Integrate Technology: An Analysis of the Emphasis on Digital Competence in Teacher Education Curricula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Instefjord, Elen; Munthe, Elaine

    2016-01-01

    This article focuses on integration of digital competence in curriculum documents for teacher education in Norway. A model inspired by the work of Zhao, Pugh, Sheldon and Byers, as well as Krumsvik and Mishra and Koehler, has been developed as an analytical framework. Teachers' digital competence is here understood as comprising three knowledge…

  8. Renaissance of Social Studies Instruction in the Senior High Schools in Ghana: Technological Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yalley, Clarke Ebow

    2017-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to position Mishra and Koehler (2006) theoretical/conceptual framework "Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK)" as a contingent solution to the future of Social Studies teaching and learning. This paper is to offer a contingent solution to the Ministry of Education, Ghana, on the challenges…

  9. Optical 3-Way Handshake (O3WHS) Protocol Simulation in OMNeT++

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-01

    Protocol Simulation in OMNeT++ by Vinod K Mishra Computational and Informational Sciences Directorate, ARL Luke Taylor University of...instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection information...applied to the modeling of communication networks but can be adapted to other distributed and parallel systems. In particular, we use its INET framework

  10. Collaborative Metaliteracy: Putting the New Information Literacy Framework into (Digital) Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gersch, Beate; Lampner, Wendy; Turner, Dudley

    2016-01-01

    This article describes a course-integrated collaborative project between a subject librarian, a communication professor, and an instructional designer that illustrates how the TPACK (Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge) framework, developed by Mishra and Koehler (2006), and the new ACRL Framework for Information Literacy (Framework)…

  11. Exploring Essential Conditions: A Commentary on Bull et al. (2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borthwick, Arlene; Hansen, Randall; Gray, Lucy; Ziemann, Irina

    2008-01-01

    The editorial by Bull et al. (2008) on connections between informal and formal learning made explicit one element of solving what Koehler and Mishra (2008) termed a "wicked problem." This wicked (complex, ill-structured) problem involves working with teachers for effective integration of technology in support of student learning. The…

  12. Putting TPACK on the Radar: A Visual Quantitative Model for Tracking Growth of Essential Teacher Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colvin, Julien C.; Tomayko, Ming C.

    2015-01-01

    Since Mishra and Koehler's (2006) description of technological pedagogical content knowledge (also known as TPACK), scholars have analyzed the various paths preservice and in-service teachers can take to develop their knowledge in each of the subdomains. However, the model of the overall framework can be confusing to teachers, as Venn diagrams are…

  13. Common fixed points of single-valued and multivalued maps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yicheng Liu

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available We define a new property which contains the property (EA for a hybrid pair of single- and multivalued maps and give some new common fixed point theorems under hybrid contractive conditions. Our results extend previous ones. As an application, we give a partial answer to the problem raised by Singh and Mishra.

  14. Eluviisi mõjust haigusele / Lilian Hankewitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Lilian

    2004-01-01

    Raamatu "Vähi vastu aitab see, kui me ei anna talle võimalust tekkidagi" autorid meditsiinidoktor Hari Sharma, ayurveda arst Rama Mishra ja dr. James Meade'i annavad nõu haigusvaenuliku pinnase loomises ja inimese organismi tugevdamises. Järgneb 19.,26. okt., 2., 9.,16.,23.,30. nov., 7.,14.,21. dets.

  15. Collaborative Metaliteracy: Putting the New Information Literacy Framework into (Digital) Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gersch, Beate; Lampner, Wendy; Turner, Dudley

    2016-01-01

    This article describes a course-integrated collaborative project between a subject librarian, a communication professor, and an instructional designer that illustrates how the TPACK (Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge) framework, developed by Mishra and Koehler (2006), and the new ACRL Framework for Information Literacy (Framework)…

  16. Modeling of Cavitating Flow through Waterjet Propulsors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-18

    break down due to massive suction side flow separation (stall). In Figure 3, photographs from tunnel testing and computed results are shown. The...128, pp. 1308-1323. Mishra C. & Peles, Y. (2005) "Cavitation in flow through a micro- orifice inside a silicon micro- channel,’ Phvs. Fluids 17

  17. High CO2 emissions from the tropical Godavari estuary (India) associated with monsoon river discharges

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sarma, V.V; Kumar, N.A.; Prasad, V; Venkataramana, V; Appalanaidu, S.; Sridevi, B.; Kumar, B.S.K.; Bharati, M.D.; Subbaiah, C.V; Acharyya, T.; Rao, G.D.; Viswanadham, R.; Gawade, L; Manjary, D.T.; Kumar, P.P.; Rajeev, K.; Reddy, N.P.C.; Sarma, V.V.; Kumar, M.D.; Sadhuram, Y.; Murty, T.V.R.

    . Appalanaidu, B. Sridevi, B.S.K. Kumar, M.D. Bharati, Ch.V. Subbaiah, T. Acharya, G.D. Rao, R. Viswanadham, L. Gawade, D.T. Manjary, P. P. Kumar, K. Rajeev, N.P.C. Reddy, V.V. Sarma, M.D. Kumar, Y. Sadhuram and T.V.R. Murty National Institute...-67. Borges, A.V., B. Delille and M. Frankignoulle (2005), Budgeting sinks and sources of CO2 in the coastal ocean: Diversity of ecosystems counts. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, No. L14601. Bouillon, S., M. Frankignoulle, F. Dehairs, F. et al.(2003...

  18. Retracted: Bacteria diversity overview and endoglucanase assessment from Himalayan Tapovan geothermal spring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahoo, Jitendra Kumar; Navani, Naveen Kumar; Pathania, Ranjana

    2015-08-25

    The above article from the Journal of Basic Microbiology, published online on 25 August 2015 in Wiley Online Library as Early View (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jobm.201500135/pdf), has been retracted by agreement between Naveen Kumar Navani and Ranjana Pathania, the Editor-in-Chief and Wiley-VCH GmbH & Co. KGaA. The retraction has been agreed because the article has been submitted and approved for publication by Jitendra Kumar Sahoo without consent in any form by the named co-authors Naveen Kumar Navani and Ranjana Pathania.

  19. A new modified remote user authentication scheme using smart cards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Zhong-hua

    2008-01-01

    In 2000, a remote user authentication scheme using smart cards was proposed and the masquerade attacks were proved successful on this scheme. Recently, Kumar has suggested the idea of check digits to overcome the above attacks with a new scheme that removes these threats well. In this paper it is pointed out that the weakness still exists in Kumar's scheme, and the intruder can login to the remote system through having some information. A new scheme which can overcome these attacks and appears more secure and efficient than Kumar's is presented.

  20. Disease: H00093 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available , Gershwin ME. Current perspectives on primary immunodeficiency diseases. Clin Dev Immunol 13:223-59 (2006) ...312863 613179 603554 233650 612782 612783 PMID:17162365 (gene) Kumar A, Teuber SS

  1. High Blood Pressure Dangers: Hypertension's Effects on Your Body

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... al. Overview of hypertension in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 3, 2016. Kumar V, ... clinical manifestations of transient ischemic attack http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 3, 2016. Furie KL, ...

  2. Tooth anatomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002214.htm Tooth anatomy To use the sharing features on this page, ... upper jawbone is called the maxilla. Images Tooth anatomy References Lingen MW. Head and neck. In: Kumar ...

  3. Sentiment analysis enhancement with target variable in Kumar’s Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arman, A. A.; Kawi, A. B.; Hurriyati, R.

    2016-04-01

    Sentiment analysis (also known as opinion mining) refers to the use of text analysis and computational linguistics to identify and extract subjective information in source materials. Sentiment analysis is widely applied to reviews discussion that is being talked in social media for many purposes, ranging from marketing, customer service, or public opinion of public policy. One of the popular algorithm for Sentiment Analysis implementation is Kumar algorithm that developed by Kumar and Sebastian. Kumar algorithm can identify the sentiment score of the statement, sentence or tweet, but cannot determine the relationship of the object or target related to the sentiment being analysed. This research proposed solution for that challenge by adding additional component that represent object or target to the existing algorithm (Kumar algorithm). The result of this research is a modified algorithm that can give sentiment score based on a given object or target.

  4. Disease: H00251 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available s, dysgenesis, and dyshormonogenesis in congenital hypothyroidism. Pediatr Endocr...(2007) PMID:16424561 Kumar PG, Anand SS, Sood V, Kotwal N Thyroid dyshormonogenesis. Indian Pediatr 42:1233-

  5. 47 - 50 Mustapha

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR. AMINU

    enlightened on the use of organic fertilizers and other safe farming practices and that further ... and seasonally flooded land and dry land (Hollis et al.,. 1993). .... the light attenuation factor in the Lake. ... local pollution (Kumar et al; 2006).

  6. Valimised 2002 : Tartu linnapeakandidaadid prioriteetidest linna arengus : kolm esimest ülesannet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Artiklite autorid: Andrus Ansip Reformierakonnast, Tõnu Kauba Keskerakonnast, Jüri Kumar ERL-ist, Ivar Tallo Mõõdukatest, Tõnis Lukas Isamaaliidust, Teet Jagomägi Res Publicast. Parlamendisaadik

  7. 78 FR 76382 - Notice of Passenger Facility Charge (PFC) Approvals and Disapprovals

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-17

    ... firefighting personnel. Acquire Americans with Disabilities Act passenger boarding ramp. Install common use flight information system. DECISION DATE: May 13, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Neil Kumar, San... Federal Aviation Administration Notice of Passenger Facility Charge (PFC) Approvals and Disapprovals...

  8. Disease: H00095 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Teuber SS, Gershwin ME. Current perspectives on primary immunodeficiency diseases...K07210] IKBA [HSA:4792] [KO:K04734] MeSH: C567411 C536181 OMIM: 612132 300291 PMID:17162365 (gene) Kumar A,

  9. A Breakthrough in Sphere Packing: The Search for Magic Functions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laat, D. de; Vallentin, F.

    2016-01-01

    This paper by David de Laat and Frank Vallentin is an exposition about the two recent breakthrough results in the theory of sphere packings. It includes an interview with Henry Cohn, Abhinav Kumar, Stephen D. Miller and Maryna Viazovska.

  10. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ALGORITHMS FOR LAND COVER CHANGE

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ALGORITHMS FOR LAND COVER CHANGE SHYAM BORIAH*, VARUN MITHAL, ASHISH GARG, VIPIN KUMAR, MICHAEL STEINBACH, CHRIS POTTER, AND STEVE KLOOSTER*...

  11. Real Knowledge, Virtual Class; Students of Bihar's silicon campus 'attend' lectures held all over the state--without leaving home

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Amitabh Srivastava

    2007-01-01

    ...." At the inauguration, says co-ordinator Bijay Kumar, Patna University faculty delivered lectures at the NIC Patna studio with teachers and students from other universities listening in from their NIC centres...

  12. Datasets in Gene Expression Omnibus used in the study ORD-019001: Compensatory changes in CYP expression in three different toxicology mouse models: CAR-null, Cyp3a-null, and Cyp2b9/10/13-null mice.

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — Accession numbers of microarray data sets used in the analysis. This dataset is associated with the following publication: Kumar, R., L. Mota, E. Litoff, J. Rooney,...

  13. Tulnukad tulid punase vihmaga / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2006-01-01

    25. juulil 2001. aastal tabasid India lääneosas asuvat Kerala piirkonda punase vihma hood. Gandhi ülikooli füüsik Godfrey Louis ja tema kolleeg Santosh Kumar leidsid, et vihma tegi punaseks bakteriaalne materjal

  14. Members of the Parliamentary Select Committee on Trade and Industry of the United Kingdom visit the CMS assembly hall.

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    Left to right: Austin Ball, Martin O'Neill (Chairman), Richard Burden, Jonathan Djanogly, Lindsay Hoyle, Roger Berry, Linda Perham, Sir Robert Smith, Jackie Lawrence, Michel Della Negra, Tejinder Virdee, Ashok Kumar.

  15. The Philippine Response to Terrorism: The Abu Sayyaf Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-12-01

    with a highly intolerant religious credo that calls for the deliberate and 106 Sidney Tarrow cited in Kim...Kumar, The New Terrorism: Anatomy, Trends and Counter-Strategies (Singapore: Eastern Universities Press, 2002). Tarrow , Sidney , cited in Kim Cragin

  16. Tulnukad tulid punase vihmaga / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2006-01-01

    25. juulil 2001. aastal tabasid India lääneosas asuvat Kerala piirkonda punase vihma hood. Gandhi ülikooli füüsik Godfrey Louis ja tema kolleeg Santosh Kumar leidsid, et vihma tegi punaseks bakteriaalne materjal

  17. Isolation and identification of two galangin metabolites from rat urine ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    inhibition of lipogenesis or stimulation of lipolysis is an effective ..... activates thermogenesis in white and brown adipose tissue. Nat Commun 2014; 5: 5493. 10. Kumar S ... a pancreatic lipase inhibitor in cafeteria diet fed female rats. Pharm ...

  18. Parthenium Weed (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) Research in

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    determine the presence and distribution of pathogens associated with parthenium and further evaluation of the .... associated with Parthenium seed, leaf and other plant parts from different locations; 2) ...... Pesticides 13: 121-127. Kumar, P.S. ...

  19. Isodon purpurescence (Lamiaceae, a new species from Western Ghats, Kerala, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Naveen Kumar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available A new species, Isodon purpurescence Sunil, Naveen Kumar & Ratheesh, from Ernakulam (Western Ghats, India is described and illustrated. Its diagnostic characters are discussed and comments made on differences between this and related species.

  20. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 451 - 500 of 1760 ... Vol 16, No 4 (2017), Clinical effect of combined ulinastatin and ... CA Kumar, BM Gurupadayya, SN Sloka, RS Chandan, JC Thejaswini .... Tablets containing corn and Trifoliate Yam Starches as Binders, Abstract PDF.

  1. MicroRNAs to Pathways in Prostate Cancer Progression

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    uncovered numerous miRNAs whose expression was altered with Pten loss. The Dgcr8 knockout model should provide a powerful means to dissect the role of...TR, Jacks T (2007) Impaired microRNA processing enhances cellular transformation and tumorigenesis. Nat Genet 39: 673 – 677 11. Kumar MS, Pester RE...241 53. Kumar MS, Erkeland SJ, Pester RE, Chen CY, Ebert MS, Sharp PA, Jacks T (2008) Suppression of non-small cell lung tumor development by the let

  2. Effect of Carbon Doping on the Electronic Structure and Elastic Properties of Boron Suboxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    of Boron Suboxide by Amol B Rahane, Jennifer S Dunn, and Vijay Kumar Approved for public release; distribution unlimited...Laboratory Effect of Carbon Doping on the Electronic Structure and Elastic Properties of Boron Suboxide by Amol B Rahane and Vijay Kumar Dr...SUBTITLE Effect of Carbon Doping on the Electronic Structure and Elastic Properties of Boron Suboxide 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c

  3. Quantifying and Assuring Information Transfer in Dynamic Heterogeneous Wireless Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-31

    Kumar, Estimating the state of a Markov chain over a noisy communication channel: A bound and an encoder. To appear in Proceedings of 49th IEEE...Transactions on Information Theory. 4. I-Hong Hou and P. R. Kumar, Queueing Systems with Hard Delay Constraints: A Framework andSolutions for Real-Time...J. Garcia-Haro, Z.J. Haas, A stochastic model for chain collisions of vehicles equipped with vehicular communications, accepted for publications in

  4. Understanding asymmetries in ict acceptance at individual use in Poland : the UTAUT2 theory combined with attitude, privacy risk, perceived security

    OpenAIRE

    Kondrat, Justyna

    2017-01-01

    Understanding of the main determinants associated to Internet and Communication Technology acceptance have received attention from international bodies and researchers (Dewan & Chen, 2014; Featherman & Pavlou, 2003; Im, Hong & Kang, 2011; Ming Chi Lee, 2009; Niehaves & Plattfaut, 2014; Shareef, Kumar, Kumar & Dwivedi, 2011; Shin, 2010; Venkatesh & Bala, 2008; Venkatesh, Thong & Xu, 2012a). The reason behind the growing interest in this issue refers to the implications of digital ...

  5. A new genus Mesophlaeoba (Orthoptera: Acrididae: Acridinae from India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Kumar

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available A new genus of Acridinae, Mesophlaeoba Kumar and Usmani gen. n. based on type species Mesophlaeoba usmanii Kumar and Usmani sp. n., is described and illustrated from India. The description was based on both conventional morphological and genital characters. The new genus is closely related to Phlaeoba Stal, 1861 but differs from it in presence of filiform antennae, absence of median carinula of fastigium of vertex and rounded posterior margin of pronotum.

  6. Notice of Withdrawal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-27

    Notice of Withdrawal: 'Odanacatib restores trabecular bone of skeletally mature female rabbits with osteopenia but induces brittleness of cortical bone: a comparative study of the investigational drug with PTH, Estrogen and Alendronate' by Mohd. Parvez Khan, Atul Kumar Singh, Abhishek Kumar Singh, Pragya Shrivastava, Mahesh Chandra Tiwari, Geet Kumar Nagar, Himangshu Kousik Bora, Venkitanarayanan Parameswaran, Sabyasachi Sanyal, Jayesh R. Bellare and Naibedya Chattopadhyay The above article from the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, published online on 27 March 2015 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been withdrawn by agreement between the journal's editor-in-chief, Juliet E. Compston, the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This action has been agreed due to an error at the publishers which caused a duplicate of the article to be published on 22 September 2015. The correct version of the article is to be found at: 'Odanacatib restores trabecular bone of skeletally mature female rabbits with osteopenia but induces brittleness of cortical bone: a comparative study of the investigational drug with PTH, Estrogen and Alendronate' by Mohd. Parvez Khan, Atul Kumar Singh, Abhishek Kumar Singh, Pragya Shrivastava, Mahesh Chandra Tiwari, Geet Kumar Nagar, Himangshu Kousik Bora, Venkitanarayanan Parameswaran, Sabyasachi Sanyal, Jayesh R. Bellare and Naibedya Chattopadhyay (doi: 10.1002/jbmr.2719).

  7. Usefulness of the Modified NRCS-CN Method for the Assessment of Direct Runoff in a Mountain Catchment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wałęga Andrzej

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of modified methods, developed on the basis of NRCS-CN method, in determining the size of an effective rainfall (direct runoff. The analyses were performed for the mountain catchment of the Kamienica river, right-hand tributary of the Dunajec. The amount of direct runoff was calculated using the following methods: (1 Original NRCS-CN model, (2 Mishra- Singh model (MS model, (3 Sahu-Mishra-Eldho model (SME model, (4 Sahu 1-p model, (5 Sahu 3-p model, and (6 Q_base model. The study results indicated that the amount of direct runoff, determined on the basis of the original NRCS-CN method, may differ significantly from the actually observed values. The best results were achieved when the direct runoff was determined using the SME and Sahu 3-p model.

  8. Robust Biometrics Based Authentication and Key Agreement Scheme for Multi-Server Environments Using Smart Cards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Yanrong; Li, Lixiang; Yang, Xing; Yang, Yixian

    2015-01-01

    Biometrics authenticated schemes using smart cards have attracted much attention in multi-server environments. Several schemes of this type where proposed in the past. However, many of them were found to have some design flaws. This paper concentrates on the security weaknesses of the three-factor authentication scheme by Mishra et al. After careful analysis, we find their scheme does not really resist replay attack while failing to provide an efficient password change phase. We further propose an improvement of Mishra et al.’s scheme with the purpose of preventing the security threats of their scheme. We demonstrate the proposed scheme is given to strong authentication against several attacks including attacks shown in the original scheme. In addition, we compare the performance and functionality with other multi-server authenticated key schemes. PMID:25978373

  9. Robust biometrics based authentication and key agreement scheme for multi-server environments using smart cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Yanrong; Li, Lixiang; Yang, Xing; Yang, Yixian

    2015-01-01

    Biometrics authenticated schemes using smart cards have attracted much attention in multi-server environments. Several schemes of this type where proposed in the past. However, many of them were found to have some design flaws. This paper concentrates on the security weaknesses of the three-factor authentication scheme by Mishra et al. After careful analysis, we find their scheme does not really resist replay attack while failing to provide an efficient password change phase. We further propose an improvement of Mishra et al.'s scheme with the purpose of preventing the security threats of their scheme. We demonstrate the proposed scheme is given to strong authentication against several attacks including attacks shown in the original scheme. In addition, we compare the performance and functionality with other multi-server authenticated key schemes.

  10. An improved biometrics-based authentication scheme for telecare medical information systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Dianli; Wen, Qiaoyan; Li, Wenmin; Zhang, Hua; Jin, Zhengping

    2015-03-01

    Telecare medical information system (TMIS) offers healthcare delivery services and patients can acquire their desired medical services conveniently through public networks. The protection of patients' privacy and data confidentiality are significant. Very recently, Mishra et al. proposed a biometrics-based authentication scheme for telecare medical information system. Their scheme can protect user privacy and is believed to resist a range of network attacks. In this paper, we analyze Mishra et al.'s scheme and identify that their scheme is insecure to against known session key attack and impersonation attack. Thereby, we present a modified biometrics-based authentication scheme for TMIS to eliminate the aforementioned faults. Besides, we demonstrate the completeness of the proposed scheme through BAN-logic. Compared to the related schemes, our protocol can provide stronger security and it is more practical.

  11. Using Cognitive Control in Software Defined Networking for Port Scan Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-07-17

    ARL-TR-8059 ● July 2017 US Army Research Laboratory Using Cognitive Control in Software -Defined Networking for Port Scan...Cognitive Control in Software -Defined Networking for Port Scan Detection by Vinod K Mishra Computational and Information Sciences Directorate, ARL...Technical Report 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 15 June–31 July 2016 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Using Cognitive Control in Software -Defined Networking for

  12. Sequences of nonlinear contractions and stability of fi…xed points

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swaminath Mishra

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Stability of fixed points for sequences of nonlinear contractions over a variable domain is studied in a 2-metric space. The results so obtained generalize some recent results of Mishra et al. [Chaos, Soliton & Fractals 45(2012, 1012-1016] and Barbet and Nachi [Monografias del Seminario Matemático García de Galdeano 33(2006, 51--58].

  13. Optimization Via Open System Quantum Annealing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-07

    Error corrected quantum annealing with hundreds of qubits, (07 2013) Siddhartha Santra, Gregory Quiroz , Greg Ver Steeg, Daniel Lidar. MAX 2-SAT...Zhihui Wang, Tameem Albash, Iman Marvian, and Walter Vinci Graduate Students: Gregory Quiroz , Kristen Pudenz, Anurag Mishra, Milad Marvian... Quiroz , G. Ver Steeg, D.A. Lidar, “MAX 2-SAT with up to 108 qubits”, New J. Phys. 16, 045006 (2014). 20. S. Boixo, T. Ronnow, S. Isakov, Z. Wang

  14. CASES ON GLOBAL E-LEARNING PRACTICES:Successes and Pitfalls

    OpenAIRE

    Yavuz Akbulut

    2007-01-01

    “Cases on Global E-Learning Practices: Successes and Pitfalls” look into the global practices of e-learning which has assumed a considerable role in the education sector recently. It is edited by Ramesh C. Sharma and Sanjaya Mishra from Indira Gandhi National Open University in New Delhi, India. It is published by Information Science Publishing, which is an imprint of Idea Group, an international publishing company specializing in research publications in the fields of technology, management ...

  15. Sacrificing Steve: How I Killed the Crocodile Hunter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luke Carman

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Bob Hodge and Vijay Mishra argue that the complex issues of illegitimacy at the core of Australian identity are repressed through a continual process of cyclical silencing, where traces of a shameful past are exorcised by a focus on images of a mythologised ‘legend’, embodied in characters such as 'The Man from Snowy River'. This article explores such a 'schizophrenic' cycle in relation to the life, death and resurrection of Steve 'Crocodile Hunter' Irwin.

  16. Understanding the Fundamental Properties of Transfer-Free, Wafer-Level Graphene on Silicon and its Potential for Micro- and Nanodevices

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-18

    and perspectives as metal replacement”, invited at the 4th International Symposium on Graphene Devices (ISGD-4), Seattle, WA, USA, 21st -26th...supercapacitive behaviour with gravimetric capacitance of up to 65 F g-1. These results are extremely promising for further development of...work. 1) The collaboration with Dr.J. Boeckl from AFRL has strengthened further. One student from the F. Iacopi lab, Neeraj Mishra, has worked 1

  17. Detection and Imaging of Moving Targets with LiMIT SAR Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-03

    1 Detection and Imaging of Moving Targets with LiMIT SAR Data Michael Newey, Gerald Benitz, David Barrett MIT Lincoln Laboratory Lexington...sandeep.mishra@baesystems.com Abstract Detecting moving targets in SAR imagery has recently gained a lot of interest as a way to replace optical...moving target detection and classification in adverse (e.g. cloudy) weather conditions. This can be particularly important for small radar antennas

  18. Sacrificing Steve : how I killed the Crocodile Hunter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carman, Luke

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Bob Hodge and Vijay Mishra argue that the complex issues of illegitimacy at the core of Australian identity are repressed through a continual process of cyclical silencing, where traces of a shameful past are exorcised by a focus on images of a mythologised ‘legend’, embodied in characters such as 'The Man from Snowy River'. This article explores such a 'schizophrenic' cycle in relation to the life, death and resurrection of Steve 'Crocodile Hunter' Irwin.

  19. Interpretation of free-air gravity anomaly data for determining the crustal structure across the continental margins and aseismic ridges: Some examples from Indian continental margins and deep-sea basins

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ramana, M.V.

    of Alaska and Japan trench, east of the Japanese Islands. Gravity anomalies across continental margins Continental margins are at or near to the transition zone between continental and oceanic crusts. Passive margins are commonly in isostatic.... Generalized bathymetry map of the Indian continental margins After Mishra et al., (2004) The western and eastern margins of India are classified under passive/Atlantic type continental margins, and the structural architecture is similar to any...

  20. Computational Investigation of Hardness Evolution During Friction-Stir Welding of AA5083 and AA2139 Aluminum Alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    and R.S. Mishra, Effect of Friction Stir 940Processing on the Microstructure of Cast A356 Aluminum , Mater. Sci. 941Eng. A, 2006, 433, p 269–278...REPORT Computational Investigation of Hardness Evolution During Friction-Stir Welding of AA5083 and AA2139 Aluminum Alloys 14. ABSTRACT 16. SECURITY...is combined with the basic physical metallurgy of two wrought aluminum alloys to predict/assess their FSW behaviors. The two alloys selected are AA5083

  1. Privacy Protection for Telecare Medicine Information Systems Using a Chaotic Map-Based Three-Factor Authenticated Key Agreement Scheme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Liping; Zhu, Shaohui; Tang, Shanyu

    2017-03-01

    Telecare medicine information systems (TMIS) provide flexible and convenient e-health care. However, the medical records transmitted in TMIS are exposed to unsecured public networks, so TMIS are more vulnerable to various types of security threats and attacks. To provide privacy protection for TMIS, a secure and efficient authenticated key agreement scheme is urgently needed to protect the sensitive medical data. Recently, Mishra et al. proposed a biometrics-based authenticated key agreement scheme for TMIS by using hash function and nonce, they claimed that their scheme could eliminate the security weaknesses of Yan et al.'s scheme and provide dynamic identity protection and user anonymity. In this paper, however, we demonstrate that Mishra et al.'s scheme suffers from replay attacks, man-in-the-middle attacks and fails to provide perfect forward secrecy. To overcome the weaknesses of Mishra et al.'s scheme, we then propose a three-factor authenticated key agreement scheme to enable the patient to enjoy the remote healthcare services via TMIS with privacy protection. The chaotic map-based cryptography is employed in the proposed scheme to achieve a delicate balance of security and performance. Security analysis demonstrates that the proposed scheme resists various attacks and provides several attractive security properties. Performance evaluation shows that the proposed scheme increases efficiency in comparison with other related schemes.

  2. Fabrication of nanoadjuvant with poly-ɛ-caprolactone (PCL for developing a single-shot vaccine providing prolonged immunity [Corrigendum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prashant CK

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Prashant CK, Bhat M, Srivastava SK, et al. Int J Nanomedicine. 2014;9:937–950.On page 937, the author affiliations have been listed incorrectly. The correct author list is as follows:Chandravilas Keshvan Prashant1Madhusudan Bhat2Sandeep Kumar Srivastava2Ankit Saxena3Manoj Kumar4Amar Singh3Mohammed Samim5Farhan Jalees Ahmad6Amit Kumar Dinda21Faculty of Engineering and Interdisciplinary Sciences, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India; 2Department of Pathology, 3Department of Transplant Immunology and Immunogenetics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; 4Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, India; 5Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India; 6Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, IndiaRead the original article

  3. Prediction of Water Activity for Mixed Aqueous Solutions from the Data of Their Binary Constituent Solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艳升; 徐春明; 胡玉峰; 严骏

    2004-01-01

    The equation of Patwardhan and Kumar for water activities of mixed electrolyte solutions is extended to aqueous solutions containing non-electrolytes. This equation and the linear isopiestic relation are used to predict water activities of 56 ternary aqueous solutions in terms of the data of their binary subsystems. Both equation of Patwardhan and Kumar and the linear isopiestic relation can provide good predictions for water activities of the present 40 electrolyte solutions, and the linear isopiestic relation generally yields better predictions. The predictions of the extended equation of Patwardhan and Kumar and the linear isopiestic relation are in general quite reasonable for the present 8 ternary solutions of electrolytes and non-electrolytes, and the results of the linear isopiestic relation are usually better. The predictions of these two methods generally agree well with the experimental data for the 8 non-electrolyte mixtures being studied, and the linear isoniestic relation is better.

  4. Quantum Einstein, Bohr and the great debate about the nature of reality

    CERN Document Server

    Kumar, Manjit

    2008-01-01

    For most people, quantum theory is a byword for mysterious, impenetrable science. And yet for many years it was equally baffling for scientists themselves. Manjit Kumar gives a dramatic and superbly-written history of this fundamental scientific revolution, and the divisive debate at its heart.  For 60 years most physicists believed that quantum theory denied the very existence of reality itself. Yet Kumar shows how the golden age of physics ignited the greatest intellectual debate of the twentieth century.  Quantum sets the science in the context of the great upheavals of the modern age. In 1

  5. Inter-annual variations in wave characteristics off Ratnagiri, Northeast Arabian Sea

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Johnson, G.; SanilKumar, V.; Singh

    . Proc., vol.4; 2015; 25–31 Inter-annual variations in wave characteristics off Ratnagiri, Northeast Arabian Sea Johnson Glejin, Sanil Kumar V*, Jai Singh CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography (Council of Scientific & Industrial Research), Dona....N.B., Singh, J., 2013a. Influence of winds on temporally varying short and long period gravity waves in the nearshore regions of the eastern Arabian Sea, Ocean Sciences 9, 343–353 Glejin J., Sanil Kumar,V. Jai Singh, Balakrishnan Nair,T.N., Mehra P. 2013b...

  6. Variations in swells along Eastern Arabian Sea during the summer monsoon

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Johnson, G.; SanilKumar, V.; Sanjiv, P.C.; Singh; Pednekar, P.S.; AshokKumar, K.; Dora, G.U.; Gowthaman, R.

    Singh, Premanand Pednekar, K. Ashok Kumar, G. Udhaba Dora, Rajamanickam Gowthaman Ocean Engineering, National Institute of Oceanography (Council of Scientific & Industrial Research), Dona Paula, India Email: sanil@nio.org Received November 26... and T. N. B. Nair, “Waves in Shal- low Water off West Coast of India during the Onset of Summer Monsoon,” Annales Geophysicae, Vol. 28, 2010, pp. 817-824. doi:10.5194/angeo-28-817-2010 [3] V. S. Kumar, J. Singh, P. Pednekar and R. Gowthaman, “Waves...

  7. Spatial and temporal variations of wave energy in the nearshore waters of the central west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Amrutha, M.M.; SanilKumar, V.

    . Sanil Kumar Ocean Engineering Division, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research – National Institute of Oceanography (CSIR-NIO), Dona Paula, Goa, 403 004, India Correspondence to: V. Sanil Kumar (sanil@nio.org) Received: 24 September 2016 – Revised...- tial assessment in the Caribbean Low Level Jet using wave hind- cast information, Appl. Energy, 137, 375–384, 2015. Arinaga, R. A. and Cheung, K. F.: Atlas of global wave energy from 10 years of reanalysis and hindcast data, Renew. Energ., 39, 49– 64...

  8. Why is the Bay of Bengal experiencing a reduced rate of sea surface warming?

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    DeMello, J.R.; PrasannaKumar, S.

    . RupaKumar et al. (2002) was the first to show that the Indian Ocean was warming at the rate of 0.5 °C per 100 years, based on the analysis of SST data during 1904 to 1994. Subsequently, Prasanna Kumar et al. (2009) showed that the Arabian Sea... is experiencing a secular warming and a regional climate shift after mid-1990 based on analysis of SST data during 1960 to 2005. However, no such studies on long term variability are available in the case of the BoB. It is in this context that in the present...

  9. Forecasting of onset of southwest monsoon over Kerala coast using satellite data

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    RameshKumar, M.R.

    IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, VOL. 1, NO. 4, OCTOBER 2004 265 Forecasting of Onset of Southwest Monsoon Over Kerala Coast Using Satellite Data M. R. Ramesh Kumar Abstract—The Global Precipitation and in situ gauge data have been used.... This is National Institute of Oceanography contribution number 3891. KUMAR: FORECASTING OF ONSET OF SOUTHWEST MONSOON OVER KERALA COAST USING SATELLITE DATA 267 REFERENCES [1] R. Ananthakrishnan and M. K. Soman, “The onset of the south west monsoon over Kerala 1901...

  10. Comparison of long-term variability of sea surface temperature in the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    DineshKumar, P.K.; Paul, Y.S.; Muraleedharan, K.R.; Murty, V.S.N.; Preenu, P.N.

    IOD events and colder SST anomaly peaks are associated with negative IOD events. This is in agreement with the studies of Praveen Kumar (2013), who reported negative feedback between net heat flux and SST during IOD events. Similarly, warm SST... anomaly peaks are associated with El Niño and colder SST anomaly peaks are associated with La Niña events, thus ENSO events (El Niño and La Niña) provide positive feedback to the SST (Praveen Kumar, 2013). In Figs. 7 to 10, a steady increase in SST...

  11. Indian Ocean dipole modulated wave climate of eastern Arabian Sea

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Anoop, T.R.; SanilKumar, V.; Shanas, P.R.; Glejin, J.; Amrutha, M.M.

    Kumar, 2014; Sanil Kumar and Naseef, 2015). In the present study, blended data sets of ERA-40 and ERA-I are used only for long-term wind field analysis during positive, negative and neutral IOD years. Since ERA-I is the improved version of ERA-40 (Dee et... al., 2011), we compared ERA-40 with ERA-I during Octo- ber from 1979 to 2001 (Fig. 2). From the analysis, it is clear that the error in ERA-40 compared to ERA-I will not sig- nificantly affect the results when we blend these data sets together...

  12. Slow Growth and Optimal Approximation of Pseudoanalytic Functions on the Disk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devendra Kumar

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Pseudoanalytic functions (PAF are constructed as complex combination of real-valued analytic solutions to the Stokes-Betrami System. These solutions include the generalized biaxisymmetric potentials. McCoy [10] considered the approximation of pseudoanalytic functions on the disk. Kumar et al. [9] studied the generalized order and generalized type of PAF in terms of the Fourier coefficients occurring in its local expansion and optimal approximation errors in Bernstein sense on the disk. The aim of this paper is to improve the results of McCoy [10] and Kumar et al. [9]. Our results apply satisfactorily for slow growth.

  13. Materials Research for Advanced Inertial Instrumentation. Task 2. Gas Bearing Material Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-02-01

    AD-RA4e 435 MATERIALS RESEARCH FOR ADVANCED INERTIAL 1/i INSTRUMENTATION TASK 2 GAS BERRI..(U) CHARLES STARK DRAPER LAB INC CAMBRIDGE MR K KUMAR ET...I.25.2 - U-2 1Ŗ AmsaŚ MATERIALS RESEARCH FOR ADVANCE- INERTIAL INSTRUMENTATION TASK 2: GAS BEAR ING MATERIAL F4., FEBRUARY 1984". 414 K . KUMAR...HNEWBORN’ DAS 1 4 -r~ edfor fte Office of N w ta rdv mapch ~~ppr~vedfor public rele..; distribution ea- . . " 0*sinis granted to U.S. Govemn pr~t in

  14. Study on the compatibility of unbleached and bleached bamboo-fiber with LLDPE matrix

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Kumar, S

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available for polypropylene (PP). These techniques give fiber bundles which create a problem in dispersion S. Kumar (&) � V. Choudhary Centre for Polymer Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016, India e-mail: sanju..._chemiit@yahoo.co.in R. Kumar CSIR Materials Science and Manufacturing, P.O. Box 1124, Port Elizabeth 6000, South Africa 123 J Therm Anal Calorim DOI 10.1007/s10973-010-0799-4 with polymer matrix while single fiber is desirable for better dispersion. Therefore...

  15. Observations of long-period waves in the nearshore waters of central west coast of India during the fall inter-monsoon period

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Amrutha, M.M.; SanilKumar, V.; Jesbin, G.

    in the in the near shore regions of eastern Arabian Sea. International J of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering, 8, 312-319. Glejin, J., Kumar, V.S., Chempalayil, S.P., Singh, J., Pednekar, P., Kumar, K.A., Dora, G.U., Gowthaman, 2012. Variations in swells... Geraldton. Proceedings of the 2009 Pacific Coasts and Ports Conference, Wellington, New Zealand. Mehta, A. V., & Krishnamurti, T. N., 1988. Interannual variability of the 30 to 50 day wave motions. Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 66...

  16. Physical control of primary productivity on a seasonal scale in central and eastern Arabian Sea

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    PrasannaKumar, S.; Madhupratap, M.; DileepKumar, M.; Gauns, M.; Muraleedharan, P.M.; Sarma, V.V.S.S.; DeSouza, S.N.

    =ISO-8859-1 Physical control of primary productivity on a seasonal scale in central and eastern Arabian Sea SPRASANNA KUMAR,MMADHUPRATAP,MDILEEP KUMAR,MGAUNS, PMMURALEEDHARAN,VVSSSARMA and S N De SOUZA National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula... high saline waters from the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea, and the zone of oxygen deficient waters ( 150--1000 m) make the Arabian Sea a unique tropical basin. Plan- kton blooms occur during both summer and winter monsoons and we are only beginning...

  17. Dose Supplemental Zinc Prevent Recurrence of Febrile Seizures?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siamak SHIVA

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite this Article: Shiva S, Barzegar M, Zokaie N, Shiva Sh. Dose Supplemental Zinc Prevents Recurrence of Febrile Seizures? Iranian Journal ofChild Neurology 2011;5(4:11-14. Objective Febrile seizures (FS are the most common form of seizures in children. Previous studies have suggested that zinc may play a role in the prevention of FS. However, there is limited information on the preventative effects of zinc against FS. This study aimed to determine whether prescribing zinc supplements could prevent FS.Materials & Methods In a randomized, placebo-controlled trial, 100 children who had experienced simple FS for the first time were recruited. Children in the case group (50 patients were orally administered1mg/kg/day zinc sulfate for 1 year, and children in the control group (50 patients received a placebo. Serum zinc levels in both the control and case groups were measured at the start and at the end of the study,and recurrent cases of FS were recorded. Results The case group consisted of 29 boys (58% and 21 girls (42% with a mean age of 2.06 ± 0.83, and the control group consisted of 31 boys (62% and 19 girls (38% with a mean age of 2.22 ± 1.04 years. An inverse relationship was found between febrile diseases and serum zinc levels. In other words, the occurrence of febrile diseases decreased with an increase in serum zinc levels.Eight children (16% in the case group and 8 in the control group experienced recurrent FS within a year.ConclusionSupplemental doses of zinc (1mg/kg/day reduced the rate of febrile illnesses,but did not prevent the recurrence of FS.References Margaretha L, Masloman N. Correlation between serum zinc level and simple febrile seizure in children. Paediatr Indones 2010;50(6:326-30.Prasad R, Singh A, Das B, Upadhyay R, Singh T, Mishra O. Cerebrospinal fluid and serum zinc, copper, magnesium and calcium levels in children with Idiopathic seizure. J Clin Diagn Res 2009;3:1841-6.Vestergaard M, Obel C

  18. The use of chipped pruned branches to control the soil and water losses in citrus plantations in Eastern Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerdà, Artemi; Keesstra, Saskia; Jordán, Antonio; Pereira, Paulo; Prosdocimi, Massimo; Ritsema, Coen J.; Burguet, María

    2016-04-01

    three sites the soil erosion is reduced in one order of magnitude in average as a consequence of the cover of the chipped pruned branches (78.45 % in average cover) in comparison to the bare (control) soils. Acknowledgements The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement n° 603498 (RECARE project). References Berendse, F., van Ruijven, J., Jongejans, E., Keesstra, S. 2015. Loss of plant species diversity reduces soil erosion resistance. Ecosystems, 18 (5), 881-888. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-015-9869-6 Biswas H., Raizada A., Mandal D., Kumar S., Srinivas S., Mishra P. K. 2015. Identification of areas vulnerable to soil erosion risk in India using GIS methods. Solid Earth, 6 (4), pp. 1247-1257. DOI: 10. 5194/se-6-1247-2015v Brevik, E. C., Cerdà, A., Mataix-Solera, J., Pereg, L., Quinton, J. N., Six, J., and Van Oost, K.: The interdisciplinary nature of SOIL, SOIL, 1, 117-129, doi:10.5194/soil-1-117-2015, 2015. Cerdà, A., Giménez-Morera, A. and Bodí, M.B. 2009.Soil and water losses from new citrus orchards growing on sloped soils in the western Mediterranean basin. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 34, 1822-1830. DOI: 10.1002/esp.1889 Cerdà, A., González-Pelayo, O., Giménez-Morera, A., Jordán, A., Pereira, P., Novara, A., Brevik, E.C., Prosdocimi, M., Mahmoodabadi, M., Keesstra, S., García Orenes, F., Ritsema, C., 2015. The use of barley straw residues to avoid high erosion and runoff rates on persimmon plantations in Eastern Spain under low frequency - high magnitude simulated rainfall events. Soil Res. (In press) Colazo, J.C., Buschiazzo, D. 2015. The Impact of Agriculture on Soil Texture Due to Wind Erosion.Land Degradation and Development, 26 (1), 62-70 DOI: 10.1002/ldr.2297 Decock, C.,J. Lee, M. Necpalova, E. I. P. Pereira, D. M. Tendall, J. Six. 2015 Mitigating N2O emissions from soil: from patching leaks to transformative action. SOIL, 1, 687-694, doi:10

  19. The Stability and Dynamics of Optical Waveguides, Lasers, and Amplifiers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    2077-2079 (with Christopher G. Goedde and Prem Kumar). Soliton evolution and radiation loss for the nonlinear Schroedinger equation, Physical Review E...for the nonlinear Schroedinger equation’’, Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Annual Meeting, San Diego, California, July 1994. "’Radiation

  20. A Conceptual Framework for Representing Human Behavior Characteristics in a System of Systems Agent-based Survivability Simulation-Intelligent Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-17

    notion that due to interactions of multiple behaviors, the resultant system behaviors are non- linear and information flow in the system and their...said to be fully connected. A MANET communication could be explained using its connectivity matrix. Algebraically , the entry of connectivity matrix...2007). Elementary Fuzzy Matrix Theory and Fuzzy Models for Social Scientists. Los Angeles: American Research Press. Venkatraman, S., Kumar

  1. Anisotropic Self-Assembly of Spherical Polymer-Grafted Nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    Raghavan, S. R. & Khan, S. A. Thermoreversible gelation in aqueous dispersions of colloidal particles bearing grafted poly(ethylene oxide) chains. J. Rheol...fractal filler networks in rubber. Kautsch. Gummi Kunstst. 50, 282–291 (1997). 47. Salaniwal, S., Kumar, S. K. & Douglas, J. F. Amorphous solidification

  2. Erratum: Erratum to Central European Journal of Engineering, Volume 4, Issue 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, M. Ajay; Srikanth, N. V.

    2014-06-01

    Paper by M. Ajay Kumar, N. V. Srikanth, et al. "An adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system controlled space cector pulse width modulation based HVDC light transmission system under AC fault conditions" in Volume 4, Issue 1, 27-38/March 2014 doi: 10.2478/s13531-013-0143-4 contains an error in the title. The correct title is presented below

  3. Erratum to Central European Journal of Engineering, Volume 4, Issue 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, M.; Srikanth, N.

    2014-06-01

    Paper by M. Ajay Kumar, N. V. Srikanth, et al. "An adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system controlled space cector pulse width modulation based HVDC light transmission system under AC fault conditions" in Volume 4, Issue 1, 27-38/March 2014 doi: 10.2478/s13531-013-0143-4 contains an error in the title. The correct title is presented below

  4. Variations in tidal constituents along the nearshore waters of Karnataka, west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    SanilKumar, V.; Dora, G.U.; Philip, C.S.; Pednekar, P.S.; Singh

    . Coast. Res., vol.27(5); 2011; 824-829 Variations in tidal constituents along the nearshore waters of Karnataka, west coast of India V.Sanil Kumar, G. Udhaba Dora, Sajive Philip, P.Pednekar and JaiSingh Ocean Engineering, National Institute...

  5. Computer simulation of the behaviour of Julia sets using switching processes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Negi, Ashish [Department of Computer Science and Engineering, G.B. Pant Engineering College, Pauri Garhwal 246001 (India)], E-mail: ashish_ne@yahoo.com; Rani, Mamta [Department of Computer Science, Galgotia College of Engineering and Technology, UP Technical University, Knowledge Park-II, Greater Noida, Gautam Buddha Nagar, UP (India)], E-mail: vedicmri@sancharnet.in; Mahanti, P.K. [Department of CSAS, University of New Brunswick, Saint Johhn, New Brunswick, E2L4L5 (Canada)], E-mail: pmahanti@unbsj.ca

    2008-08-15

    Inspired by the study of Julia sets using switched processes by Lakhtakia and generation of new fractals by composite functions by Shirriff, we study the effect of switched processes on superior Julia sets given by Rani and Kumar. Further, symmetry for such processes is also discussed in the paper.

  6. Bioelectrocatalyzed Nitrogen Fixation under Standard Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-11-07

    FEMS Microbiology Letters. 1984, 10, 299- 302. 3. Kumar, Ashok; Tabita, Robert F.; Van Baalen, Chase. High endogenous nitrogenase activity in...115-120. 16. Haaker, H.; Klugkist, J. The bioenergetics of electron transport in nitrogenase. FEMS Microbiology Reviews. 46 (1987) 57-71

  7. Surface science tools for nanomaterials characterization

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    Fourth volume of a 40volume series on nano science and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about Surface Science Tools for Nanomaterials Characterization. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

  8. Magnetic characterization techniques for nanomaterials

    CERN Document Server

    2017-01-01

    Sixth volume of a 40 volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about Magnetic Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

  9. X-ray and neutron techniques for nanomaterials characterization

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    Fifth volume of a 40 volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about X-ray and Neutron Techniques for Nanomaterials Characterization. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

  10. Edge-Selectively Functionalized Graphene-Like Platelets as a Co-curing Agent and a Nanoscale Additive to Epoxy Resin

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-12

    as Hot Paper. 8. Kumar, N. A.; Choi, H.-J.; Chang, D. W.; Dai, L.; Baek, J.-B. “Covalent grafting of conducting polyaniline /graphene nanocomposite...12. Choi, H.-J.; Jeon, I.-Y.; Kang, S.-W.; Baek, J.-B. “Electrochemical activity of PANi / PANi -g-MWCNT mixture by simple suspension polymerization

  11. A retrospective analysis of acute organophosphorus poisoning ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Correspondence to: Dr. M. R. Kumar, Department of Medicine, Narayana Medical College Hospital, ... receive treatment was 5.2 ± 7.4 (range 1-48 h). ... retrospective record-based nature are the major limitations of the present study. There is a ...

  12. Tallinna Visioonikonverents 2010 : Linn ja linnakultuur 22. sajandil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Tallinna Lauluväljaku ruumides 22. novembril toimunud Tallinna Visioonikonverentsist "Linn ja linnakultuur 22. sajandil", kus arutleti teemal, milline võiks olla Tallinn saja aasta pärast. Konverentsil esinesid Toomas Vitsut, Mart Saarma, Jan Sturesson, Raivo Raave, Satish Kumar, Juhani Pallasmaa ning moderaatoriteks olid Hardo Aasmäe ja Mati Heidmets

  13. Membrane Insertion Profiles of Peptides Probed by Molecular Dynamics Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-07-17

    Medical Research and Materiel Command, Fort Detrick, Maryland #Department of Cell Biology and Biochemistry , U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of...Molecular dynamics of n- alkanes ," J. Comput. Phys., vol. 23, pp. 327-341, 1977. [24] S. Kumar, D. Bouzida, R. H. Swendsen, P. A. Kollman, and J. M

  14. Accelerating Biomedical Research in Designing Diagnostic Assays, Drugs, and Vaccines

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    environmental samples. Advances Anders Wallqvist, Nela Zavaljevski, Ravi Vijaya Satya, Rajkumar Bondugula, Valmik Desai, Xin Hu, Kamal Kumar, Michael...Contact him at awallqvist@bioanalysis.org. nela Zavaljevski is a research scientist at US DoD Biotechnology HPC Software Applications Institute. CISE-12-5

  15. Assignment Problem for the U.S. Marine Corps: Regional, Culture, and Language Familiarization Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    allocation problems. Econometrica, 66(3), 689–701 Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2998580?origin= JSTOR -pdf. Abraham, D., Chen, N., Kumar, V...Law & Policy Review, 10(2), 302–315. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/40239382?origin= JSTOR -pdf. Ross, G. T., & Soland, R. M. (1975). A

  16. Tartu Postimehe küsitlus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Vastus küsimusele: mis on see, mis aitaks teil olukorras, kus Andrus Ansipit toetab 64% tartlastest, tõusta Tartu meeritoolile? Vastavad Ivar Tallo, Malle Salupere, Jüri Kumar, Tõnu Kauba, Teet Jagomägi, Tõnis Lukas. Parlamendisaadik

  17. Applied Stochastic Eigen-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    Vikramjit Sethi, Prem Kumar, Abhinav Shukla , Amit Hariyani, Darren Greninger, and Elise Ohayon. I value their friendship more than I know how to properly...polynomials in z that are the coefficients of mk . For every z along the real axis, there are at most Dm solutions to the polynomial equation Lmz(m, z) = 0

  18. What Determines Joint Venture Termination?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Bo Bernhard

    2012-01-01

    Joint venture (JV) research continues to flourish as researchers seek to advance our understanding of why so many JVs fail. Cui and Kumar (this issue) take a contingency approach to explain how and why business relatedness may provide new insights as to what determines JV termination...

  19. Optimal Control of Objects on the Micro- and Nano-Scale by Electrokinetic and Electromagnetic Manipulation: for Bio-Sample Preparation, Quantum Information Devices and Magnetic Drug Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    encapsulated magnetite core that consists of a fused cluster of single-domain crystals. These magnetic particles were chosen for their size and high magnetic...23: p. 12849-12856. 156. Kumar, R. and S.R. Raghavan, Thermo-thickening in solutions of telechelic associating polymers and cyclodextrins

  20. Transmission electron microscopy characterization of nanomaterials

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    Third volume of a 40volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about Transmission electron microscopy characterization of nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

  1. Raman spectroscopy for nanomaterials characterization

    CERN Document Server

    2012-01-01

    First volume of a 40-volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about Raman spectroscopy for the characterization of nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

  2. A Framework for Identifying and Analyzing Major Issues in Implementing Big Data and Data Analytics in E-Learning: Introduction to Special Issue on Big Data and Data Analytics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbeil, Maria Elena; Corbeil, Joseph Rene; Khan, Badrul H.

    2017-01-01

    Due to rapid advancements in our ability to collect, process, and analyze massive amounts of data, it is now possible for educational institutions to gain new insights into how people learn (Kumar, 2013). E-learning has become an important part of education, and this form of learning is especially suited to the use of big data and data analysis,…

  3. Disease: H00108 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H00108 Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndromes (ALPS), including the following five diseases...:17162365 (gene) Kumar A, Teuber SS, Gershwin ME. Current perspectives on primary immunodeficiency disease...m L, Nonoyama S, Ochs HD, Puck JM, Roifman C, Seger R, Wedgwood J. Primary immunodeficiency diseases: an upd

  4. Disease: H00098 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H00098 Chronic granulomatous disease, including the following four diseases: X-link...65 Kumar A, Teuber SS, Gershwin ME. Current perspectives on primary immunodeficiency diseases. Clin Dev Immu...ifman C, Seger R, Wedgwood J. Primary immunodeficiency diseases: an update from the International Union of I

  5. Culture-Led Discrepancies and Negotiating Conflicts in Strategic Outsourcing Alliances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard, Jens; Kumar, Rajesh; Worm, Verner

    2013-01-01

    such alliances fail. While empirical studies are abundant, theoretical frameworks that explicate the role of national cultural differences in shaping the dynamics of outsourcing alliances are rare. This article builds on Kumar and Nti's (1998) discrepancy model to specify how culture affects the dynamics...

  6. DNS, LES and Stochastic Modeling of Turbulent Reacting Flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-03-01

    the analytical results derived by Fendell (1965) via the method of matched asymptotic expansions. A typical DNS scatter plot of the product mass...fields. In Buckmaster, J. D., Jackson, T. L., and Kumar, A., editors, Combustion in High-Speed Flows. in press. Fendell , F. E. (1965). Ignition and

  7. A Coverage Dominance Approach for Sensor Deployment Optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    Wireless Networks, 2003. [19] S. Kumar, T. H. Lai, and J. Balogh, On k-coverage in a mostly sleeping sensor network. Wireless Network, no. 14, pp. 277 – 294...Polyhedral Terrain in Polynomial Time. Image and Vision Computing, vol. 18, pp. 773 – 780, 2000. [22] S. Meguerdichian, F. Koushanfar, M. Potkonjak, and M

  8. Managing Supply Chain Disruptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-08-09

    1990), (b) inter- organizational systems ( Fulk & DeSanctis, 1995; Goodhue, Wybom, & Kirsch, 1992; 34 Kumar & van Dissel, 1996), (c) corporate...Contingency Theory and Resource-Based View Perspective and Practical Implications. Industrial Marketing Management, 34(6), pp 555-565. Fulk , J

  9. HCV Co-infection is Associated with Metabolic Abnormalities among ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    analysis showed there was no relationship between the HIV-HCV co infected ... associated with increased risk of antiretroviral-associated ... presence of interleukin 28 receptor alpha (IL28RA) ..... Kumar R, Singla V, Kacharya S. Impact and management of .... beta cell dysfunction and insulin resistance to the pathogenesis.

  10. JPRS Report, Near East & South Asia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-07

    Thermal Power Corporation, Korba), Mr Kadiam Murali Krishna (BHEL), Mr Arjun Kumar Singh, Mr P. P. Nayak, Mr S. N. Dewangam and Mr Habil Lakra...government, besides making verbal claims, does not have the serious intention of introducing the Islamic Shariat. The situation has become unbearable for

  11. 1 Water Scarcity in Wetland Area within Kandi Block of West Bengal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    `123456789jkl''''#

    An important new study on variability in the ... Annual average rainfall ranges from 1490 mm to 1550 mm. About 82.85% of the total rainfall is recorded within .... ground water balance equation (Kumar & ... from an old survey report (Sen, 1970).

  12. Personality, Drug Preference, Drug Use, and Drug Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Marc; Boyer, Bret; Kumar, V. K.; Prout, Maurice

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between drug preference, drug use, drug availability, and personality among individuals (n = 100) in treatment for substance abuse in an effort to replicate the results of an earlier study (Feldman, Kumar, Angelini, Pekala, & Porter, 2007) designed to test prediction derived from Eysenck's (1957, 1967)…

  13. Sensor Data Integrity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    Alempijevic, S.R. Kodagoda, J.P. Underwood, S. Kumar, and G. Dissanayake. Mutual information based sensor registration and calibration. In Procedings of...Steven Scheding. Calibration of range sensor pose on mobile platforms. In Procedings of the 2007 IEEE/RSJ Int. Conf. on Intelligent Robots and Systems

  14. New Hires at the National Cancer Institute at Frederick | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fifty-one people joined the facility in November and December 2013. The National Cancer Institute welcomes… Emily Boward Emad Darvishi Shuo Gu Sanath Kumar Janaka Robert Kortum Yasmin Lachir Jinbian Liu Yang Liu Eric Ramirez Salazar Brett Shelley Li Xia Jaeho Yoon

  15. Personality, Drug Preference, Drug Use, and Drug Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feldman, Marc; Boyer, Bret; Kumar, V. K.; Prout, Maurice

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between drug preference, drug use, drug availability, and personality among individuals (n = 100) in treatment for substance abuse in an effort to replicate the results of an earlier study (Feldman, Kumar, Angelini, Pekala, & Porter, 2007) designed to test prediction derived from Eysenck's (1957, 1967)…

  16. Field Note: A Disease Specific Expert System for the Indian Mango Crop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakrabarti, Dilip Kumar; Chakraborty, Pinaki

    2007-01-01

    Mango ("Mangifera indica") is a popular fruit and an important cash crop of southeast Asia. The mango malformation disease has been responsible for the degraded yield of the crop now for a long time (Kumar and Chakrabarti, 1997). The disease is difficult to cure and often takes the shape of an epidemic. Though much study has been done…

  17. A Framework for Identifying and Analyzing Major Issues in Implementing Big Data and Data Analytics in E-Learning: Introduction to Special Issue on Big Data and Data Analytics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corbeil, Maria Elena; Corbeil, Joseph Rene; Khan, Badrul H.

    2017-01-01

    Due to rapid advancements in our ability to collect, process, and analyze massive amounts of data, it is now possible for educational institutions to gain new insights into how people learn (Kumar, 2013). E-learning has become an important part of education, and this form of learning is especially suited to the use of big data and data analysis,…

  18. Fusing Laser Reflectance and Image Data for Terrain Classification for Small Autonomous Robots

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    Recognition Conference, vol. 2, 2005, pp. 169–176 vol. 2. [12] C. Weiss , H. Frohlich, and A. Zell, “Vibration-based terrain classification using support...Advanced Robotics, O. Khatib, V. Kumar, and G. Pappas, Eds. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2009, vol. 54, pp. 319– 328. [18] J. Rebula, P. Neuhaus, B

  19. Synthesis and Antimicrobial Activity of 2-(Aminoacid ester)-3-(6 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NJD

    2008-11-06

    Nov 6, 2008 ... ... of 2-(Aminoacid ester)-3-(6-methyl-2-pyridyl)-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,3,285- ... aDepartment of Chemistry, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517502, India. bDepartment of Plant .... RESEARCH ARTICLE. M.A. Kumar, K.S. ...

  20. Best practices for learning video concept detectors from social media examples (Author’s Manuscript)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-23

    In: MIR 249–258 12. Kim J, Pavlovic V (2012) Attribute rating for classification of visual objects. In: ICPR 1611–1614 13. Kordumova S, Li X, Snoek... theory . Wiley, New York 40. Wang H, Schmid C (2013) Action recognition with improved trajectories. In: ICCV 3551–3558 41. Wang Z, ZhaoM, SongY, Kumar S, Li

  1. Field Note: A Disease Specific Expert System for the Indian Mango Crop

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakrabarti, Dilip Kumar; Chakraborty, Pinaki

    2007-01-01

    Mango ("Mangifera indica") is a popular fruit and an important cash crop of southeast Asia. The mango malformation disease has been responsible for the degraded yield of the crop now for a long time (Kumar and Chakrabarti, 1997). The disease is difficult to cure and often takes the shape of an epidemic. Though much study has been done for the…

  2. The Role of the Neurofibromin-Syndecan-Cask Complex in the Regulation of Synlaptic RAS-MAPK Signaling and Denoritic Spine Plasticity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-02-01

    dendritic spine remodeling using both DG- CA3 explants and CA1/3 slice cultures. With the DG explants, we showed that Nf1+/- also displayed some subtle...or Akt, or treated with upstream activator, BDNF ( Kumar et al., 2005). These novel exciting observations should have important implications for

  3. Real Time Motion Detection Based on the Spatio-Temporal Median Filter using GPU Integral Histograms

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    on hierarchical event detection for soccer video indexing,” J. Multimedia, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 298–312, October 2009. [15] M. H. Kolekar, K. Palaniappan... Springer , 2009, pp. 320–332. [27] S. Mehta, A. Misra, A. Singhal, P. Kumar, A. Mittal, and K. Palaniappan, “Parallel implementation of video surveillance

  4. Transcriptional Regulation of BRCA1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-08-01

    Ramos , L., Villasenor, M. R., Anders, K. H., Press, M. F., Clarke, K., Karlan, B., Chen, J. J., Scully, R., Livingston, D., Zuch, R. H., Kanter, M. H...Chem 274(44), 3 1297-304 22. Thakur, S., Lin, H. C., Tseng, W. T., Kumar, S., Bravo , R., Foss, F., Gelinas, C., and Rabson, A. B. (1994) Oncogene 9(8

  5. Removal of trichlorophenol from water using Chromolaena odorata

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2012-11-22

    Nov 22, 2012 ... INTRODUCTION. The pollution of water by ... and Bentonite (2012b; 2012c) as filler in polymeric composites aimed at removing lead ions ... (Kumar et al., 2012), rice husk (Mahvi et al., 2004), sawdust. (Shukla et al., 2002) and ...

  6. Ultrafast Target Recognition via Super-Parallel Holograph Based Correlator, RAM and Associative Memory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-11

    Correlator," Opt. Comm. 88, 309-314 (1992). 11. R. Burzynski, D.N. Kumar, M.K. Casstevens, D. Tyczka, S. Ghosal, P.M. Kurtz, J.F. Weibel , "New... Weibel , "New Photopolymer for Holographic Optical Storage Technology," Proc. SPIE 4087, R.A. Lessard, G.A. Lampropoulos Eds., 741-753 (2000). 12. H.N

  7. Congenital spherocytic anemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... blood cells, spherocytosis Blood cells References Gallagher PG. Red blood cell membrane disorders. In: Hoffman R, Benz EJ Jr, Silberstein LE, ... chap 43. Klatt EC, Kumar V. Hematopathology of red blood cells and bleeding disorders. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil ...

  8. Prevalence and factors associated with tuberculosis treatment ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-03-01

    Mar 1, 2014 ... Method: We conducted a prospective study with TB patients in 40 public health clinics in three districts in South Africa. All .... 28% between the age of 35-44 years and 24% were participants over 45 ..... Munro SA, Lewin SA, Smith HJ, Engel ME, Fretheim ... Vijay S, Kumar P, Chauhan LS, Vollepore BH,.

  9. Human-Swarm Interactions Based on Managing Attractors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-06

    Robotics Science and Systems, Sydney, Australia, June 2012. [14] M. Hsieh, Á. Halász, S. Berman , and V. Kumar. Biologically inspired redistribution of a...particles. Physical Review E, 63(1):017101, 2000. [19] J. Marshall , M. Broucke, and B. Francis. Formations of vehicles in cyclic pursuit. IEEE Transactions

  10. Synthesis, photophysical and preliminary investigation of the dye-sensitized solar cells properties of functionalized anthracenyl-based bipyridyl and phenanthrolyl Ru(II) complexes

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Adeloye, AO

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available 12.Wang X F, Fujii R, Ito S, Koyama Y, Yamano Y, Ito M, Kitamura T and Yanagida S 2005 Chem. Phys. Lett. 416 113.Song A, Zhang H, Zhang M and Shen T 1999 Dyes Pigments 42 149 14.Mosurkal R, He J, Yang K, Samuelson L A and Kumar J 2004 J. Photochem...

  11. Some Stochastic Control Problems in Manufacturing, Communications and Computer Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-05-01

    Rate in a Failure Prone Manufacturing System," IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , pp. 116-126, vol. AC-31, No. 2., February 1986. 3. R. Akella...Assembly/Disassembly Systems," submitted to IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , December 4, 1987. 14. D. P. Connors and P. R. Kumar. "Simulated

  12. Adaptive Information Processing and Global Optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-11-29

    IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , vol. 34, no...Control Schemes Using Least-Squares Parameter Estimates," IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 416-424, April 1990. 9. H-F...P. R. Kumar, "Distributed Scheduling Based on Due Dates and Buffer Priorities," IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , pp. 1406-1416, December

  13. Stochastic Adaptive Estimation and Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-10-26

    1294-1320. 9. R. Kumar, V. Garg and S.I. Marcus, "On Supervisory Control of Sequential Behaviors," IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , 37...Systems," IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , 38, February 1993, 232-247. 11. E. Fernindez-Gaucherand, M. K. Ghosh, and S.I. Marcus, "Controlled

  14. Tallinna Visioonikonverents 2010 : Linn ja linnakultuur 22. sajandil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Tallinna Lauluväljaku ruumides 22. novembril toimunud Tallinna Visioonikonverentsist "Linn ja linnakultuur 22. sajandil", kus arutleti teemal, milline võiks olla Tallinn saja aasta pärast. Konverentsil esinesid Toomas Vitsut, Mart Saarma, Jan Sturesson, Raivo Raave, Satish Kumar, Juhani Pallasmaa ning moderaatoriteks olid Hardo Aasmäe ja Mati Heidmets

  15. Decentralized Riemannian Particle Filtering with Applications to Multi-Agent Localization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-14

    unscented transform [143], and the re- duced UT [142]. Another alternative is based on Gauss -Hermite quadrature rule and was presented in [125...Information Fusion. 1999. 31. Ben Upcroft, Tobias Kaupp Matthew Ridley Lee-Ling Ong Suresh Kumar Tim Bai- ley Fabio Ramos Salah Sukkarieh, Bertrand

  16. Proton Transfers at the Air-Water Interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Himanshu

    molecular scale. Our results unambiguously demonstrated the role of electrostatic-reorganization of interfacial water during proton transfer events. With our experimental and theoretical results on the 'superacidity' of the surface of mildly acidic water, we also explored implications on atmospheric chemistry and green chemistry. Our most recent results explained the basis for the negative charge of the air-water interface and showed that the water-hydrophobe interface could serve as a site for enhanced autodissociation of water compared to the condensed phase. In a nutshell, this thesis presents an in-depth account of complementary experiments and theory employed to answer the questions listed above. It is primarily based on the following articles: 1. H. Mishra, S. Enami, L. A. Stewart, R. J. Nielsen, M. R. Hoffmann, W. A. Goddard III, A. J. Colussi, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2012), 109(46), 18679--18683; 2. H. Mishra, S. Enami, R. J. Nielsen, W. A. Goddard III, M.R. Hoffmann, A. J. Colussi, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2012), 109(26), 10228--10232; 3. H. Mishra, R. J. Nielsen, S. Enami, M. R. Hoffmann, A. J. Colussi, W. A. Goddard III, International Journal of Quantum Chemistry (2013), 113(4), 413--417; 4. S. Enami, H. Mishra, M. R. Hoffmann, A. J. Colussi, Journal of Physical Chemistry A (2012), 116 (24), 6027--6032. On the recommendation of the thesis committee, Appendix I and II have been added based on the following articles: S. Enami, H. Mishra, M. R. Hoffmann, A. J. Colussi, Journal of Chemical Physics (2012) 136(15), 154707, 1-7, and H. Mishra, C. J. Yu, D. P. Chen, W. A. Goddard, N. F. Dalleska, M. R. Hoffmann, M. S. Diallo, Environmental Science & Technology, (2012) 46(16), 8998-9004.

  17. Ruminations of a young man on marriage and dowry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, V

    1994-01-01

    Most writings on arranged marriage and dowry in India present the woman's perspective and examine these issues in the context of female oppression. This article, based on letters written by a former student at Delhi University to his professor, elaborates the impact on progressive men of traditional social practices. Notable is the necessity for this university graduate to compromise many of his own beliefs in order to maintain ties with his family and community. In his earliest letters, Kumar expressed his intent to refuse dowry, encourage his future wife to reject traditional garb, to share in household chores, and to respect and facilitate his wife's interests and desires. He envisioned a marital relationship based on friendship rather than subordination. To get married on his own terms and without the traditional rituals, Kumar recognized the need for financial independence from his family. Subsequent letter reflect his struggle to implement his marriage ideals yet retain a relationship with his family of origin. Kumar outlines a plan to ask his bride's parents for a fixed deposit, in lieu of dowry, in the girl's name, that can be used to establish a business and ultimately returned to her. He is bothered, however, by the hypocrisy involved in rejecting the traditional dowry yet accepting a cash contribution to compensate for the financial burden incurred by marriage. He further questions his previous commitment to shared household responsibilities, especially if his wife is not qualified to find employment outside the home. While recognizing that traditional sex roles are the major source for women's bondage, Kumar becomes aware of the difficulties of pursuing a nontraditional lifestyle in the absence of widespread social change. When Kumar ultimately marries, as arranged by his family and caste, he finds it impossible to implement his personal commitment to refuse to accept continuing gifts of money and household items from his wife's family without cutting

  18. Fracture Toughness of Polybutadiene at Cryogenic Temperatures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-04-01

    were varied in that a steel "U" frame was used instead of rollers to support the test piece and the load was applied via a 6.5 mm diameter ball bearing ...a small weight. Once the bearing began to deform the test-piece at a controlled crosshead speed, the positioning weight was removed. Using suitable...REFERENCES 1. R.P. Burford, Conservation and Recycling, 4 (4), (1981) 219. 2. R. Schaub, Gummi . Asbest. Kunststoffe, 31 (6), (1978) 404. 3. I.B. Mishra

  19. Variations in nearshore processes along Nagapattinam coast, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    SanilKumar, V; Anand, N.M.; Gowthaman, R.

    Rao, D. S., Veeraswamy, K. and Sarma, M. R. L., Geol. Soc. India , Mem. , 1987, 6 , 295 ? 312. 7. Mishra, D. C., Babu Rao, V., Laxman, G., Rao, M. B. S. V. and Venkatarayadu, M., Geol. Soc. India , Mem. , 1987, 6, 313 ? 330. 8.... Balakrishna, S., Christopher, G. and Ramana Rao, A. V., Proceedings of the Sympo sium on Upper Mantle Project, NGRI Publ., 1967, vol. 8, pp. 303 ? 319. 9. Kailasam, L. N., Tectonophysics , 1976, 76 , 225 ? 245. 10. Krishna Brahmam, N., J. Geol...

  20. Modern Perspectives in Applied Mathematics: Theory and Numerics of PDEs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-13

    Stokes-Fokker- Planck systems 09:45 – 10:25 Helena Lopes ( Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro) Boundary correctors and energy estimates for...University x Oleg Diyankov NeurOK% Software %LLC x Nira Dyn TelOAviv%University x x Shlomo Engelberg Jerusalem%College%of%Technology x Michael Fisher...Duke%University x Helena Lopes Universidade %Federal%do%Rio%de%Janeiro x x Andrew Majda New%York%University x Siddhartha Mishra ETH%Zurich x Stanley

  1. Investigation of Gate Leakage Current in Nitrogen-Irradiated Al(x)Ga(1-x)N/GaN Heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    capacitance. Sample 1200-2 One of the wires on the 1200-2 sample broke shortly before irradiation and needed repair. A new pre-characterization C-V curve...Heterostructures," Air Force Institute of Techonology , PhD Dissertation 2008. [7] Ramakrishna Vetury, Naiqain Q. Zhang, Stacia Keller, and Umesh K. Mishra...and Circuits. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1989. [18] Barton J. Gordon, "C-V Plotting: Myths and Methods," Solid State Technology, pp. 57-61, Jan

  2. Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction: Models, Complexity, and Algorithms in Complex Dynamic and Evolving Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-11-01

    the health of u. The weaker u is, the more damage it receives under the same amount of attack ∆L. Thus, the preference of attacking u can be defined...as: γ(u,∆L) = { α∆L C(u)−L(u) if ∆L+ L(u) ≤ C(u) 1 otherwise where 0 < α < 1 is a tunable parameter. The benefit of this attack preference function is...Application ( COCOA ), 2014 4. S. Mishra, T. N. Dinh, M. T. Thai, and I. Shin, Optimal Inspection Points for Malicious At- tack Detection in Smart Grids, in

  3. Cellulite: a review with a focus on subcision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Friedmann DP

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Daniel P Friedmann,1 Garrett Lane Vick,2 Vineet Mishra3 1Westlake Dermatology Clinical Research Center, Westlake Dermatology & Cosmetic Surgery, Austin, 2Department of Medicine, 3Division of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA Abstract: Cellulite is an alteration in skin topography most often found on the buttocks and posterolateral thighs of the majority of postpubertal females. This article aims to review the background, potential pathophysiology, and potential treatment options for cellulite, highlighting subcision as an ideal therapeutic option for this cosmetically distressing condition. Keywords: gynoid lipodystrophy, fibrous septae, radiofrequency, vacuum-assisted subscision

  4. TPACK MODEL IN DEGREE STUDIES FOR INITIAL TEACHER TRAINING IN ICT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ISABEL Mª GÓMEZ TRIGUEROS

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available  Under the abbreviation TPACK we mention the acronym of “Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge” (TPCK or TPACK is made. It is a model of teaching and learning (E-A that identifies the types of knowledge that a teacher needs to master to integrate the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT in an effective way in imparting education. It is included among the cognitive models in cooperative environments, where, in addition, the technology is used. The pioneers in implementing this model are teachers Punya Mishra and Matthew J. Koehler, of Michigan State University (between 2006 and 2009. 

  5. Thermal Management as a Force Multiplier within the Research, Development, and Engineering Command (RDECOM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    ECCE.2010.5618324. 24. Mishra, U. K.; Parikh, P.; Wu, Y.-F. AlgaN/ GaN HEMTs -An Overview of Device Operation and Applications. Proceedings of the IEEE...9 in gallium nitride ( GaN ), which can survive much higher temperatures (200–400 °C) (22). Recent SiC demonstrations at ARL have shown sustained...delivery. Recent advances in wide bandgap semiconductor technology, specifically GaN -based electronics, have allowed order-of-magnitude increases in

  6. An island chain lost in the Bay of Bengal

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Srinivas, K.; Krishna, K.S.; Ismaiel, M.; Mishra, J.; Saha, D.

    SCIENCE, VOL. 112, NO. 6, 25 MARCH 2017 1095 An island chain lost in the Bay of Bengal K. Srinivas, K. S. Krishna, M. Ismaiel, J. Mishra and D. Saha A voyage from Chennai across the Bay of Bengal takes one eventually to the Andaman Islands...- placement time (~80 Ma); b, Present. The seismic profile crosses the Ridge approxi- mately along 15°N lat. RESEARCH NEWS CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 112, NO. 6, 25 MARCH 2017 1096 covered with thin veneer of sediments. The sediments on the western flank...

  7. Atmospheric fine and coarse mode aerosols at different environments of India and the Bay of Bengal during winter-2014: Implications of a coordinated campaign

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sen, A.; Ahammed, Y.N.; Arya, B.C.; Banerjee, T.; Begam, R.G.; Baruah, B.P.; Chatterjee, A.; Choudhuri, A.K.; Dhir, A.; Das, T.; Dhyani, P.P.; Deb, N.C.; Gadi, R.; Gauns, M.; Ghosh, S.K.; Gupta, A.; Sharma, K.C.; Khan, A.H.; Kumari, K.M.; Kumar, M.; Kumar, A.; Kuniyal, J.C.; Lakhani, A.; Meena, R.K.; Mahapatra, P.S.; Naqvi, S.W.A.; Singh, D.P.; Pal, S.; Panda, S.; Rohtash; Saikia, J.; Saikia, P.; Sharma, A.; Sharma, P.; Saxena, M.; Shenoy, D.M.; Vachaspati, C.V.; Sharma, S.K.; Mandal, T.K

    –12048. [7] M.G. Lawrence, J. Lelieveld, Atmospheric pollutant outflow from southern Asia: a review, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 10(4) (2010) 11017–11096. [8] T. Saud, M. Saxena, D.P. Singh, Saraswati, Manisha Dahiya, S.K. Sharma, A. Datta, Ranu Gadi, T.K... aerosols in China and India, Science, 297(5590) (2002) 2250–2253. [10] M.V.S.N. Prasad, C. Sharma, B.C. Arya, T.K. Mandal, S. Singh, M.J. Kulshrestha, R. Agnihotri, S.K. Mishra, S.K. Sharma, Experimental facilities to monitor various types of atmospheric...

  8. Checklist of butterfly (Insecta: Lepidoptera fauna of Tehsil Tangi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farzana Khan Perveen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The butterflies (Insecta: Lepidopteraare well known insects, play an important role in the ecosystem as bioindicators and pollinators. They have bright colours, remarkable shapes and supple flight. The present study was conducted to prepare the checklist of butterfly fauna of Tehsil Tangi during August, 2014 to May, 2015. A total of 506 specimens were collected belong to 3 families with 18 genera and 23 species. The collected species are the common or lemon emigrant, Catopsila ponoma Fabricius; mottled emigrant, Catopsilia pyranthe Linnaeus; clouded yellow, Colias fieldii Fabricius; common grass yellow, Eurema hecabe Linnaeus; eastern pale clouded yellow butterfly, Colias erate Esper; Indian cabbage white, Pieris canidia Sparrman; Indian little orange tip, Colotis etrida Boisduval; pioneer white or African caper white, Belonias aurota Fabricius; plain tiger, Danaua chrysippus Linnaeus; blue tiger, Tirumala liminniace Cramer; peacock pansy, Junonia almanac Linnaeus; Indian fritillary, Argyreus hyperbius Linnaeus; Indian red admiral, Venesa indica Herbst; yellow pansy, Junonia hierta Fabricius; blue pansy, Junonia orytha Linnaeus; white edged rock brown, Hipparchia parisatis Kollar; banded tree brwon, Lethe confuse Aurivillius; common castor, Ariadne merione Cramer; painted lady, Caynthia cardui Linnaeus; Himalayan sailer, Neptis mahendra Moore; common boran, Euthalia garuda Hewitson; lime butterfly, Papilio demoleus Linnaeus and great black mormon butterfly, Papilio polytes Linnaeus. It was concluded that the family Nymphalidae has the highest numbers of individuals in the present checklist. It is recommended that butterfly fauna of the study area should be conserved and their habitat should be protected.

  9. A short history of the development of homeopathy in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Ajoy Kumar

    2010-04-01

    Homeopathy was introduced in India the early 19th century. It flourished in Bengal at first, and then spread all over India. In the beginning, the system was extensively practised by amateurs in the civil and military services and others. Mahendra Lal Sircar was the first Indian who became a homeopathic physician. A number of allopathic doctors started homeopathic practice following Sircar's lead. The 'Calcutta Homeopathic Medical College', the first homeopathic medical college was established in 1881. This institution took on a major role in popularising homeopathy in India. In 1973, the Government of India recognised homeopathy as one of the national systems of medicine and set up the Central Council of Homeopathy (CCH) to regulate its education and practice. Now, only qualified registered homeopaths can practice homeopathy in India. At present, in India, homeopathy is the third most popular method of medical treatment after allopathy and Ayurveda. There are over 200,000 registered homeopathic doctors currently, with approximately 12,000 more being added every year.

  10. Antiviral activity of mycosynthesized silver nanoparticles against herpes simplex virus and human parainfluenza virus type 3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaikwad S

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Swapnil Gaikwad,1 Avinash Ingle,1 Aniket Gade,1 Mahendra Rai,1 Annarita Falanga,3 Novella Incoronato,2 Luigi Russo,2 Stefania Galdiero,3 Massimilano Galdiero2 1Department of Biotechnology, Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati, Maharashtra, India; 2Department of Experimental Medicine, Division of Microbiology, II University of Naples, 3Department of Pharmacy, University of Naples “Federico II”, DFM and Institute of Biostructures and Bioimages, Naples, Italy Abstract: The interaction between silver nanoparticles and viruses is attracting great interest due to the potential antiviral activity of these particles, and is the subject of much research effort in the treatment of infectious diseases. In this work, we demonstrate that silver nanoparticles undergo a size-dependent interaction with herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 and with human parainfluenza virus type 3. We show that production of silver nanoparticles from different fungi is feasible, and their antiviral activity is dependent on the production system used. Silver nanoparticles are capable of reducing viral infectivity, probably by blocking interaction of the virus with the cell, which might depend on the size and zeta potential of the silver nanoparticles. Smaller-sized nanoparticles were able to inhibit the infectivity of the viruses analyzed. Keywords: silver nanoparticles, antiviral, herpes simplex virus, parainfluenza virus

  11. Research Awards 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jotz, Geraldo Pereira

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Dear Colleagues, The journal International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology has decided to award in 2015 the three best systematic review and/or literature review articles published in the journal in 2014, highlighting contributions that laid the foundations and concepts of universal knowledge. The purpose of the awards is to praise and acclaim distinguished authors, while also encouraging new talent in the field of international research in otorhinolaryngology. This complies with our objective to stimulate excellence in education and welcome technological developments through research and knowledge. The most outstanding articles were: Systematic Review 1° Bittencourt, Aline Gomes; Burke, Patrick Rademaker; Jardim, Isabela de Souza; Brito, Rubens de; Tsuji, Robinson Koji; Fonseca, Anna Carolina de Oliveira; Bento, Ricardo Ferreira. Implantable and Semi-Implantable Hearing Aids: A Review of History, Indications, and Surgery. Int. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol. 2014;18(3:303–310. Review Article 2° Naik, Sulabha M.; Naik, Mahendra S.; Bains, Nainjot Kaur. Cadaveric Temporal Bone Dissection: Is It Obsolete Today? Int. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol. 2014;18(1:63–67. 3° Campagnolo, Andrea Maria; Priston, Jaqueline; Thoen, Rebecca Heidrich; Medeiros, Tatiana; Assunção, Aída Regina. Laryngopharyngeal Reflux: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Latest Research. Int. Arch. Otorhinolaryngol. 2014;18(2:184–191. We hope to see you again in future publications. Best regards, Geraldo Pereira Jotz Editor-in-Chief

  12. Three-Dimensional Thermomechanical Simulation and Experimental Validation on Failure of Dissimilar Material Welds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santosh, R.; Das, S. K.; Das, G.; Korody, J.; Kumar, S.; Singh, P. K.; Ghosh, M.

    2016-07-01

    Dissimilar material weld joints, consisting of low-alloy steel and 304LN austenitic stainless steel (SS), have critical application in boiling water reactors in the nuclear industry. It was predicted that phase transformation adjacent to the fusion boundary and stress distribution across the transition joint play a key role in the structural degeneration of these welds. Quantitatively, to evaluate their contribution, two different joints were considered. One was fabricated with buttering material 309L SS (M/S Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited, Hyderabad, India), and the other was produced with buttering material IN182 (M/S Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited, Hyderabad, India). Base materials remained the same for both. Thermomechanical simulation on dissimilar material welds was performed using finite-element modeling to predict the thermal effect and stress prone area. Temperature-dependent thermal and structural properties were considered for simulation. Simulation results were compared with microstructural characteristics, and data were obtained from the in-situ tensile test. Simulation results exhibited that stress was at maximum in the buttering material and made the zone weaker with respect to adjacent areas. During the validation of results, it was observed that failure occurred through buttering material and endorsed the inference. The variation in mechanical properties of the two welds was explained considering the effect of thermal state and stress distribution.

  13. Change of the agenesis rate of palmaris longus muscle in an isolated village in Ukraine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barkáts, N

    2015-01-01

    The palmaris longus muscle (PLM) is a slender, fusiform muscle which lies on the flexor surface of the forearm. Its agenesis is considered the most frequent anatomic variation in the human body. Agenesis of PLM shows strong racial and ethnic variability. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of agenesis of PLM in Dercen, an isolated Hungarian village in Ukraine. Five hundred forty-eight persons were examined by Thompson's, Shaffer's, Pushpakumar's, Mishra's 1, and Mishra's 2 tests to confirm or refute the presence of a PLM. All the examined subjects were of Hungarian ethnic origin. The overall prevalence of absence of the palmaris longus was 52.92%. During the examination, unusual results appeared regarding the agenesis of PLM in the elder population of village. Further tests among elder population shoved that in people born before 1945 the agenesis rate of PLM was higher than 70%, and in villagers born after 1945 the agenesis rate drops by 23%. In the light of historical events of the country, we can say that the unexpected change of the PLM agenesis rate in 1945 was caused by invasion of soviet army and deportation of local men from their homeland.

  14. A study on relationship between employees’ psychological empowerment and organizational commitment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud Bani

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical investigation to study the relationship between employees’ psychological empowerment and organizational commitment in revenue agency of city of Semnan, Iran. The study uses two questionnaires, one for measuring the effects of psychological empowerment developed by Mishra and Spreitzer (1998 [Mishra, A. K., & Spreitzer, G. M. (1998. Explaining how survivors respond to downsizing: The roles of trust, empowerment, justice, and work redesign. Academy of management Review, 23(3, 567-588.] and the other for measuring organizational commitment developed by Meyer and Allen (1991 [Meyer, J. P., & Allen, N. J. (1991. A three-component conceptualization of organizational commitment. Human resource management review, 1(1, 61-89.]. Cronbach alphas for psychological empowerment and organizational commitment are calculated as 0.81 and 0.92, respectively, which are well above the minimum acceptable levels. The results of our survey have indicated that there were positive and meaningful relationships between psychological empowerment and organizational commitment components including Sense of efficacy (r = 0.414, Sig. =0.000, meaningful (r = 0.481, Sig. =0.000, having a choice (r = 0.341, Sig. = 0.000 and trust (r = 0.736, Sig. =0.000. However, the survey does not support any relationship between Competency and organizational commitment.

  15. Data on the evolutionary history of the V(DJ recombination-activating protein 1 – RAG1 coupled with sequence and variant analyses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhishek Kumar

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available RAG1 protein is one of the key component of RAG complex regulating the V(DJ recombination. There are only few studies for RAG1 concerning evolutionary history, detailed sequence and mutational hotspots. Herein, we present out datasets used for the recent comprehensive study of RAG1 based on sequence, phylogenetic and genetic variant analyses (Kumar et al., 2015 [1]. Protein sequence alignment helped in characterizing the conserved domains and regions of RAG1. It also aided in unraveling ancestral RAG1 in the sea urchin. Human genetic variant analyses revealed 751 mutational hotspots, located both in the coding and the non-coding regions. For further analysis and discussion, see (Kumar et al., 2015 [1].

  16. REVIEWER LIST – 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chief Editor

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available REVIEWER LIST – 2014 The Editorial Team would like to thank all those who gave generously of their time and expertise in reviewing the papers for the Indian Journal of Community Health in 2014.AAarti Kapil, New Delhi, IndiaAbhishek SinghAmandeep Kaur, Haldwani, IndiaAmit Kaushik, Safai, IndiaAnu Bhardwaj, Ambala, IndiaAnurag Chaudary, Ludhiana, IndiaA R BondArpan YagnikArvind Kumar Singh, Gorakhpur, IndiaAshish Yadav, Meerut, IndiaAthar Ansari, Aligarh, India BBaridalyne Nongkynrih, New Delhi, IndiaBhaskar Thakuria, Meerut, IndiaBhola Nath, Srinagar, IndiaBhupinder Kaur Anand, Lucknow, IndiaBiju Soman CC M Singh, Patna, India DDhiraj Kumar Srivastava, Safai, India GGarima Mittal, Dehradun, IndiaGeetu Singh, Agra, IndiaGita Negi, Dehradun, India HH Chopra, Meerut, IndiaHarsh Mahajan, Greater Noida, IndiaHem Chandra Sati, Dehradun, India KKhursheed Muzammil, Muzaffanagar, IndiaKrishna Prakash JoshiLLatika Nath Sinha, Jodhpur, India MMalik ItratManish Chaturvedi, Greater Noida, IndiaManoj BansalManu Batra, Moradabad, IndiaMegha Luthra, Dehradun, IndiaM R Talapalliwar NNaresh Pal Singh, Safai, IndiaNidhi Gupta, New Delhi, IndiaNirankar Singh OOm Prakash Kansal, Gurgaon, India PPankaj Kumar Jain, Safai, IndiaParul Sharma, Pune, IndiaPawan Kumar Goel, Mewat, IndiaPeeyush Kariwal, Bariely, IndiaPradeep Aggarwal, Dehradun, IndiaPragya SinhaPratima Gupta, AIIMS, India RRahul Bansal, Meerut, IndiaRakesh Kakkar, Dehradun, IndiaRanjana Singh, Hapur, IndiaRanjeeta Kumari, AIIMS, IndiaReema Kumari, Lucknow, IndiaRicha Sinha, Dehradun, IndiaRupali Roy, New Delhi, India SSonu Goel, Chandigarh, IndiaS D Kandpal, Dehradun, IndiaSadhana Awasthi, Haldwani, IndiaSamarjeet Kaur, Kanpur, IndiaSandul YasobantSanjay Kumar Jha, Haldwani, IndiaSanjay Kumar Gupta, New Delhi, IndiaSanjeev Davey, Muzaffarnagar, IndiaSaurabh Varshney, Rishikesh, IndiaSeema Jain, Meerut, IndiaSeema Diwan, Dehradun, IndiaShailendra Kumar, Muzaffarnagar, IndiaShaili Vyas, Dehradun

  17. Zinc oxide nanoparticles selectively induce apoptosis in human cancer cells through reactive oxygen species

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Mohd Javed Akhtar1,2, Maqusood Ahamed3, Sudhir Kumar1, MA Majeed Khan3, Javed Ahmad4, Salman A Alrokayan31Department of Zoology, University of Lucknow, Lucknow, India; 2Fibre Toxicology Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, India; 3King Abdullah Institute for Nanotechnology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; 4Department of Zoology, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi ArabiaBackground: Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) have received muc...

  18. Beneficiaries of conflict: a qualitative study of people’s trust in the private health care system in Mogadishu, Somalia

    OpenAIRE

    Gele AA; Ahmed MY; Kour P; Moallim SA; Salad AM; Kumar B

    2017-01-01

    Abdi A Gele,1–3 Mohamed Yusuf Ahmed,4 Prabhjot Kour,2 Sadiyo Ali Moallim,5 Abdulwahab Moallim Salad,3 Bernadette Kumar2 1Institute of Nursing and Health Promotion, Department of Health, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Science, 2Department for Research, Norwegian Centre for Minority Health Research, Oslo, Norway; 3Center for Health Research, Somali National University, 4Department of Business Management, Simad University, 5Faculty of Medicine, Benadir University, Moga...

  19. Silica Microspheres Are Superior to Polystyrene for Microvesicle Analysis by Flow Cytometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-16

    Regular Article Silica microspheres are superior to polystyrene for microvesicle analysis by flow cytometry☆ Bijaya Kumar Parida ⁎, Hiram Garrastazu...February 2015 Available online 16 February 2015 Keywords: Microvesicles Cell-derived microparticles Silica microspheres Polystyrene microspheres ...is used to characterize MVs. Polystyrene microspheres are often used in flow cytometry to distinguish MV from cells by setting a 1-μm MV gate in a

  20. Y Chromosome Regulation of Autism Susceptibility Genes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    of chromatin immunoprecipitation and genome-wide promoter tiling microarray (ChIP-Chip) experiments with gonadal cells isolated from mouse embryos ...disorders: developmental disconnection syndromes. Curr Opin Neurobiol, 2007. 17(1): p. 103-11. 4. Kumar, R.A. and S.L. Christian , Genetics of autism... Christian , S.L., et al., Novel submicroscopic chromosomal abnormalities detected in autism spectrum disorder. Biol Psychiatry, 2008. 63(12): p. 1111

  1. Dimensionality reduction, and function approximation of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) micro- and nanoparticle dissolution rate

    OpenAIRE

    Ojha VK; Jackowski K; Abraham A; Snášel V

    2015-01-01

    Varun Kumar Ojha,1,2 Konrad Jackowski,3 Ajith Abraham,1,4 Václav Snášel1,2 1IT4Innovations, VŠB – Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic; 2Department of Computer Science, VŠB – Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic; 3Department of Systems and Computer Networks, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wroclaw, Poland; 4Machine Intelligence Research Labs, Auburn, WA, USA Abstract: Predict...

  2. Enzyme-based electrochemical biosensors for food safety: a review

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, Harish; Neelam

    2016-01-01

    Harish Kumar, Rani Neelam Electrochemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Chaudhary Devi Lal University, Sirsa, Haryana, India Abstract: In recent years, food storage environment safety has been a major concern for food and health scientists. There is growing interest in electrochemical biosensors due to their high sensitivity and rapid response. The aim of this review article is to provide details regarding the development of enzyme-based electrochemical biosensors, and their use in t...

  3. Relevance of tumor angiogenesis patterns as a diagnostic value and prognostic indicator in oral precancer and cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Shetty Devicharan D; Panda A; Ahuja; Urs AB; Chandra RH; Tyagi,; Adesh Manchanda A

    2011-01-01

    Devi Charan Shetty,1 Puneet Ahuja,2 DK Taneja,5 Ajit Singh Rathore,2 Shivjot Chhina,3 Upasana Sethi Ahuja,4 Kiran Kumar,1 Anshuman Ahuja,5 Priyanka Rastogi,11Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, I.T.S-CDSR, Muradnagar, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India; 2Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology; 3Department of Periodontics; 4Department of Oral Medicine & Radiology; 5Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, I.T.S Dental College, Greater Noida, Utta...

  4. Photoemission from Condensed Layers of H2 on Cu and Au.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-05-13

    Energy under contract DE-AC02-76CH00016. References 1. W. Eberhardt, F, Greuter, and E. W. Plummer, Physical Review Letters 46, 1085 (1981) and...E. Stickney, Surface Science 46, 358 (1974). 4. D. E. Ramakar, L. Kumar and F. E. Harris, Physical Review Letters 34, 812 (1975). 5. C. Friedl and N...Brundle, Molecular Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Wiley, New York (1970). 12. J. P. Muscat and D. M. Newns, Physical Review Letters 43, 2025 (1979). 13. W

  5. Natural dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitor mangiferin mitigates diabetes- and metabolic syndrome-induced changes in experimental rats

    OpenAIRE

    Suman RK; Mohanty IR; Maheshwari U; Borde MK; Deshmukh YA

    2016-01-01

    Rajesh Kumar Suman,1 Ipseeta Ray Mohanty,1 Ujwala Maheshwari,2 Manjusha K Borde,1 YA Deshmukh1 1Department of Pharmacology, 2Department of Pathology, MGM Medical College, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai, India Background: Mangiferin (MNG) is known to possess antidiabetic and antioxidant activity. However, there is no experimental evidence presently available in the literature with regard to its ameliorating effects on diabetes mellitus coexisting with metabolic syndrome.Objective: The present study was ...

  6. Magnetic Properties of Nanoparticle Matrix Composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-02

    Vijay Kumar Foundation 1969 Sector 4 Gurgaon, Harayana 122001 India 8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER N/A 9. SPONSORING... media . Some of these nanoparticles (such as Fe-Pt) can also be very interesting for catalysis. Fe-Pt is one of the most promising materials due to its...Foundation; Mailing Address: 1969 Sector 4, Gurgaon 122001, Haryana, India ; Phone/Fax: +91-124-4079369 Period of Performance: 04/03/2013 – 04/02

  7. Endurance and stability of some surface meteorological sensors under land- and ship-based operating environments

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mehra, P.; Desai, R.G.P.; Joseph, A.; VijayKumar, K.; Dabholkar, N.; Prabhudesai, S.; Nagvekar, S.; Agarvadekar, Y.

    at NIO is presented in Fig. 2. TABLE 1. PARTICULARS OF SENSORS USED IN THE AWS SYSTEM Surface meteorological parameter Sensor type Specifications Wind speed & direction Propeller & Vane (Model: 05103 from R.M. Young, U.S.A) Speed range Gust... and Mrs. Vimala Damodaran. REFERENCES [1]. R. G. Prabhudesai, P. Mehra, E. Desa, S. Nagvekar, and V. Kumar, Weather Station for Scientific Data Collection, Second Indian National Conference on Harbour and Ocean Engineering (INCHOE-97), 1997...

  8. UV-VIS and photoluminescence spectroscopy for nanomaterials characterization

    CERN Document Server

    2013-01-01

    Second volume of a 40-volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about UV-visible and photoluminescence spectroscopy for the characterization of nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry in the related fields.

  9. Prevalence, impact, and management of depression and anxiety in patients with HIV: a review

    OpenAIRE

    Chaudhury, Suprakash; Bakhla,Ajay; Saini, Rajiv

    2016-01-01

    Suprakash Chaudhury,1 Ajay Kumar Bakhla,2 Rajiv Saini,3 1Department of Psychiatry, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Loni, Maharashtra, 2Department of Psychiatry, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, 3Department of Psychiatry, Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune, Maharashtra, India Abstract: The prevalence of depression and anxiety in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) ranges from 7.2% to 71.9% and 4.5% to 82.3%, respectively. This wide v...

  10. Balancing Value and Risk in Information Sharing Through Obfuscation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-20

    Locaccino [18] for sensor data, and others such as Virtual Individual Servers [20], Lockr [19], Persona [21] and Microsoft Health Vault [22] for more generic...tion during sharing,” ser . IEEE Statistical Signal Processing Workshop (Submitted), 2012. [3] A. Raij, A. Ghosh, S. Kumar, and M. Srivastava, “Privacy...risks emerging from the adoption of innocuous wearable sensors in the mobile environ- ment,” ser . CHI, 2011. [4] H. Ahmadi, N. Pham, R. Ganti, T

  11. Antibacterial activity of neem nanoemulsion and its toxicity assessment on human lymphocytes in vitro

    OpenAIRE

    Chandrasekaran, Natarajan; Jayakumar, Jerobin; Makwana, Pooja; Kumar, Suresh; Mukherjee, Amitava; Sundaramoorthy, Rajiv

    2015-01-01

    Jayakumar Jerobin, Pooja Makwana, RS Suresh Kumar, Rajiv Sundaramoorthy, Amitava Mukherjee, Natarajan Chandrasekaran Centre for Nanobiotechnology, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India Abstract: Neem (Azadirachta indica) is recognized as a medicinal plant well known for its antibacterial, antimalarial, antiviral, and antifungal properties. Neem nanoemulsion (NE) (O/W) is formulated using neem oil, Tween 20, and water by high-energy ultrasonication. The formulated neem NE showed antibac...

  12. Exploring the individual determinants of evidence uptake in allied health using a journal club as a medium

    OpenAIRE

    Lizarondo L; Grimmer K; Kumar S

    2013-01-01

    Lucylynn Lizarondo, Karen Grimmer, Saravana KumarInternational Center for Allied Health Evidence, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, AustraliaPurpose: A recent trial which examined the impact of a structured model of journal club (JC) demonstrated variability in evidence-based practice (EBP) outcomes across allied health disciplines. The aim of the current study was to determine if there are individual practitioner characteristics that could explain this variability and identify pot...

  13. Energy Performance Measurement and Simulation Modeling of Tactical Soft-Wall Shelters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-01

    Basic for Applications ( VBA ). The objective function was the root mean square (RMS) errors between modeled and measured heating load and the modeled ...ER D C/ CE RL T R- 15 -1 3 Operational Energy Capabilities Improvement Energy Performance Measurement and Simulation Modeling of...and Ashok Kumar July 2015 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. HDT AirBeam Model 2032 Utilis Model TM60 ERDC-CERL

  14. Gold nanoparticles-immobilized, hierarchically ordered, porous TiO2 nanotubes for biosensing of glutathione

    OpenAIRE

    Sheen Mers SV; Deva Kumar ET; Ganesh V

    2015-01-01

    SV Sheen Mers,1,2 Elumalai Thambuswamy Deva Kumar,1 V Ganesh1,2 1Electrodics and Electrocatalysis (EEC) Division, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research–Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CSIR–CECRI), Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India; 2Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), New Delhi, India Abstract: Glutathione (GSH) is vital for several functions of our human body such as neutralization of free radicals and reactive oxygen compounds...

  15. Cytochrome Oxidase I (COI) sequence conservation and variation patterns in the yellowfin and longtail tunas

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kunal, S.P.; GirishKumar

    in the alignments of each data set were analyzed, in this study gap regions were excluded and insertion-deletion polymorphism was studied based on the non- overlapping and overlapping indel sites by using DNAsp software [21](Librado and Rojas, 2009). Sequence...: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis (MEGA) software version 4.0. Mol. Biol. and Evol. 24, 1596-1599. 20 Tamura, K., Nei, M., & Kumar, S. (2004) Prospects for inferring very large phylogenies by using the eighbour-joining method. Proceedings...

  16. Population genetic structure of skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis from the Indian coast using sequence analysis of the mitochondrial DNA D-loop region

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Menezes, M.R.; Kumar, G.; Kunal, S.P.

    Biology (2012) 80, 2198–2212 doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2012.03270.x, available online at wileyonlinelibrary.com Population genetic structure of skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis from the Indian coast using sequence analysis of the mitochondrial DNA D...-loop region M. R. Menezes*, G. Kumar and S. P. Kunal Biological Oceanography Division, National Institute of Oceanography (CSIR), Dona Paula, Goa 403 004, India (Received 26 May 2011, Accepted 14 February 2012) Genetic structure of skipjack tuna Katsuwonus...

  17. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in commercially important marine fishes from Mumbai Harbor, India.

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Velusamy, A.; SatheeshKumar, P.; Ram, A.; Chinnadurai, S.

    Mumbai Harb A. Velusamy a, P. Satheesh Kumar Univers ciences, phy, Mu olluscan toxic metals and negatively affect fish health. Pollution can be caused by various sources, including agricultural drainage, industrial effluent discharge, sewage discharge... metals, such as iron (Fe), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn), are important for fishFish are considered an important protein source for human health. Marine pollution can increase aquatic concentrations oflevel, feeding habits, age, size, duration of exhttp...

  18. Oceans-land-atmosphere interactions and global change

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    DileepKumar, M.

    Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 94 Oceans-Land-Atmosphere interactions and Global Change M. Dileep Kumar National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa-403 004. dileep@nio.org We live on land, feel the breeze and enjoy... the presence of blue water. Yet many of us do not realize interactions among these natural physical entities shape our lives. In scientific terms we refer to these entities as geosphere, atmosphere and hydrosphere, respectively. Their interactions span...

  19. Gold nanoparticles-immobilized, hierarchically ordered, porous TiO2 nanotubes for biosensing of glutathione

    OpenAIRE

    Sheen Mers SV; Deva Kumar ET; Ganesh V

    2015-01-01

    SV Sheen Mers,1,2 Elumalai Thambuswamy Deva Kumar,1 V Ganesh1,2 1Electrodics and Electrocatalysis (EEC) Division, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research–Central Electrochemical Research Institute (CSIR–CECRI), Karaikudi, Tamil Nadu, India; 2Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), New Delhi, India Abstract: Glutathione (GSH) is vital for several functions of our human body such as neutralization of free radicals and reactive oxygen compounds...

  20. Dispersion and retrievability of water quality indicators during tidal cycles in coastal Salaya, Gulf of Kachchh (West coast of India)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mohandass, C.; Jayakumar, S.; Ramaiah, N.; Vethamony, P.

    Author version: Environ. Monit. Assess., vol.169(1-4); 2010; 639-645 Dispersion and retrievability of water quality indicators during tidal cycles in coastal Salaya, Gulf of Kachchh (West coast of India). C.Mohandass *, S. Jaya Kumar, N. Ramaiah...; Brookings et al. 1985), affect ambient nutrient concentrations as well as water quality. Understanding their influence is critical to both basic ecology of tidal creeks and for evolving sampling protocols and pollutant-mitigation advisories. Lindquist...

  1. Disease: H00105 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H00105 Mannose-binding lectin pathway component defects, including the following two diseases...ering MC, Wurzner R, Tedesco F Complement in human diseases: Lessons from complement deficiencies. Mol Immun... Kumar A, Teuber SS, Gershwin ME. Current perspectives on primary immunodeficiency diseases. Clin Dev Immuno...imary immunodeficiency diseases: an update from the International Union of Immunological Societies Primary I..., Hammarstrom L, Nonoyama S, Ochs HD, Puck JM, Roifman C, Seger R, Wedgwood J. Pr

  2. Summer Research Program - 1997 Summer Faculty Research Program Volume 6 Arnold Engineering Development Center United States Air Force Academy Air Logistics Centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-12-01

    Fracture Analysis of the F-5, 15%-Spar Bolt DR Devendra Kumar SAALC/LD 6- 16 CUNY-City College, New York, NY A Simple, Multiversion Concurrency Control...Program, University of Dayton, Dayton, OH. [3]AFGROW, Air Force Crack Propagation Analysis Program, Version 3.82 (1997) 15-8 A SIMPLE, MULTIVERSION ...Office of Scientific Research Boiling Air Force Base, DC and San Antonio Air Logistic Center August 1997 16-1 A SIMPLE, MULTIVERSION CONCURRENCY

  3. Surface-Tolerant Coatings for Aircraft Hangars, Flight Control Tower, and Deluge Tanks at Fort Campbell

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    Tower, and Deluge Tanks at Fort Campbell Final Report on Project AR-F-320 for FY05 L.D. Stephenson and Ashok Kumar Construction Engineering Research...eliminate mildew. The cleaning solution is applied and the surface is scrubbed with an abrasive pad such as 3M Scotch-Brite or other nonwoven ...equipped with nonwoven abrasive pads (e.g., 3M Clean-n-Strip) are well suited for cleaning broad flat areas. Two levels of cleanliness may be

  4. Psycho-Cultural Analysis of Disaster Risk Attitudes in Situation Awareness

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    induced disasters usually happen quickly. Attitude is a learned tendency to act in a consistent way to a particular object or situation ( Fishbein ...R., & Kumar, A. (1985). Attitude organization and the attitude-behavior relation: A critique of Bagozzi and Bumkrant’s reanalysis of Fishbein and...University Press. Fishbein , M., & Ajzen, I. (1975) Belief, Attitude, Intention, and Behavior: An Introduction to Theory and Research. Reading, MA

  5. Undergraduate HBCU Student Summer Training Program for Developing Nanomedicines to Treat Prostate Cancers

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    worked with Dr. Vinod Kumar, a postdoc fellow in Dr. Mahato’s lab. While on her training, Starr learned about prostate cancer, factor affecting ...ABSTRACT We conducted an integrated training and educational program for improving the participation of HBCU undergraduate students in prostate cancer...techniques (Ciera), polymer synthesis and nanomedicine development (Starr and Andrea), the effect of drug treatment on prostate cancer cells (My’Chelle

  6. Inhibition of hexokinase-2 with targeted liposomal 3-bromopyruvate in an ovarian tumor spheroid model of aerobic glycolysis

    OpenAIRE

    Gandham SK; Talekar M; Singh A; Amiji MM

    2015-01-01

    Srujan Kumar Gandham, Meghna Talekar, Amit Singh, Mansoor M Amiji Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA Background: The objective of this study was to evaluate the expression levels of glycolytic markers, especially hexokinase-2 (HK2), using a three-dimensional multicellular spheroid model of human ovarian adenocarcinoma (SKOV-3) cells and to develop an epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted liposomal formulation for ...

  7. Prevention and management of accidental foreign body ingestion and aspiration in orthodontic practice

    OpenAIRE

    Umesan UK; Chua KL; Balakrishnan P

    2012-01-01

    Uday Kumar Umesan,1 Kui Lay Chua,1 Priya Balakrishnan21National Dental Centre, 2Kg Kiarong, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei DarussalamAbstract: Among the myriad emergencies that could arise in the dental clinical setting there are a few that occur occasionally despite being entirely preventable. Ingestion or aspiration of dental materials, appliances, or instruments comprises this category. Regardless of incidence, foreign body ingestion or aspiration episodes are recognized as potential complica...

  8. Compressive Response of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Films Gleaned from in Situ Flat-Punch Indentations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-14

    individual multiwalled carbon nano - tubes using nanoindentation. Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 103109 (2005). 8. S. Pathak, Z.G. Cambaz, S.R. Kalidindi, J.G...between the tubes (van der Waals ) is thought to balance the bending strain energy of their arrangement, resulting in a stable low energy configuration...bundles: An in situ study. ACS Nano 6(3), 2189–2197 (2012). 10. M. Kumar and Y. Ando: Chemical vapor deposition of carbon nanotubes: A review on growth

  9. Ion-Irradiation-Induced Ferromagnetism in Undoped ZnO Thin Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    Ion-irradiation-induced ferromagnetism in undoped ZnO thin filmsq Siddhartha Mal a,⇑, Sudhakar Nori a, J. Narayan a, J.T. Prater b, D.K. Avasthi c...S, Narayan J, Nori S, Prater JT, Kumar D. Solid State Commun 2010;150:1660. [8] Mal S, Nori S, Jin C, Narayan J, Nellutla S, Smirnov AI, et al. J

  10. Technology Transfer Opportunities for the Construction Engineering Community: Materials and Diagnostics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-02-27

    34 .. CC .0 clj 0 C.C. -" C 4)4) 0 C.27 ROOF BLISTER VALVE Charles Korhonen U.S. Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory Annually, the Army...7122 (within Illinois). REFERENCES 1. A. Kumar, E. C. Segan, and J. Bukowski , "Ceramic Coated Anodes for Cathodic Protection," Materials Performance...Chief of Engineers. References: (Available from the author) 1. "Roof Moisture Surveys: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow," by Wayne Tobiasson and Charles

  11. Notes on Averaging Over Acyclic Digraphs and Discrete Coverage Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    2006. Submitted. [18] J. Cortés, S. Mart́ınez, T. Karatas, and F. Bullo, “Coverage control for mobile sensing networks,” IEEE Transactions on Robotics and...Pappas, and V. Kumar, “Leader-to-formation stability,” IEEE Transactions on Robotics and Automation, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 443–455, 2004. [21] J. A

  12. Plankton Production Biology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    uptake by phytoplankton and of chlorophyll in the central Bay of Bengal are clearly lower than in the offshore Arabian Sea (Prasanna Kumar et al., 2010...from the transitory blooms caused by eddies and their subsequent disposition, is the principal reason the deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM), which...mechanism is likely at work in all non-transient DCMs including those of large lakes. A field study in the Bay of Bengal would uniquely benefit from the high

  13. CORRIGENDUM: The growth of aligned carbon nanotubes on quartz substrate by spray pyrolysis of hexane

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadeghian, Zahra

    2008-07-01

    Some of the text in this paper was copied directly from other papers cited by the author. Whilst this does not affect the scientific content and is therefore not scientific plagiarism, the author acknowledges that such usage of text attributed and copyrighted to other unrelated authors is unacceptable practice. Reference [21] in the paper should read: [21] Afre R A, Soga T, Jimbo T, Kumar M, Ando Y and Sharon M 2005 Chem. Phys. Lett. 414 6-10

  14. Insourcing and Outsourcing for U.S. Department of Defense IT Projects: A Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    enemies we face. The practice of outsourcing has been defined by the Opus College of Business as “contracting out in-house functions that companies do...Jason Eickhoff at the Opus School of Business: “Beyond the reduction of labor costs, there is not much general understanding in organizations about when...Federal Computer Week. (18 June 2009): 1. Kumar, Sameer and Eickhoff, Jason H. of Opus College of Business. “Outsourcing: When and How Should it Be

  15. Book Reviews

    OpenAIRE

    Bryant, Raymond L.; Nibbering, J.W.; Jim Schiller; Ivan A. Hadar; Niels Mulder; Masykuri Abdillah; Nico Kaptein; Volker Heeschen; Alfons van der Kraan; Hans Hagerdal; Penny Van Esterik; Mies Grijns; Brook Barrington; J. van Goor; Karl-Heinze Kohl

    1999-01-01

    - R.H. Barnes, Janet Hoskins, Biographical objects; How things tell the stories of people’s lives. London: Routledge, 1998, x + 213 pp. - Peter Boomgaard, Ann Kumar, Java and modern Europe; Ambiguous encounters. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1997, vii + 472 pp. - Peter Boomgaard, Lenore Manderson, Sickness and the state; Health and illness in colonial Malaya, 1870-1940. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, xix + 315 pp. - Matthew Isaac Cohen, Bambang Widoyo, Gapit; 4 naskah drama berbahas...

  16. A rapid one-step kinetics-based immunoassay procedure for the highly-sensitive detection of C-reactive protein

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2014-01-01

    Authors: Sandeep Kumar Vashist, Gregor Czilwik, Thomas van Oordt, Felix von Stetten, Roland Zengerle, E. Marion Schneider & John H.T. Luong ### Abstract A rapid one-step kinetics-based sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA) procedure has been developed for highly-sensitive detection of C-reactive protein (CRP) in less than 30 min. With minimal process steps, the procedure is highly simplified and cost-effective. The analysis only involves sequentially the formation of a san...

  17. Colloidal gold-loaded, biodegradable, polymer-based stavudine nanoparticle uptake by macrophages: an in vitro study

    OpenAIRE

    Basu S; Mukherjee B.; Chowdhury SR; Paul P; Choudhury R; Kumar A.; Mondal L; Hossain CM; Maji R

    2012-01-01

    Sumit Basu,1,2 Biswajit Mukherjee,1 Samrat Roy Chowdhury,1 Paramita Paul,1 Rupak Choudhury,3 Ajeet Kumar,1 Laboni Mondal,1 Chowdhury Mobaswar Hossain,1 Ruma Maji11Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India; 2Department of Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA; 3Department of Biochemistry, Ballygunge Science College, Kolkata, IndiaObjective: We describe the development, evaluation, and compari...

  18. Terahertz Oscillations of Hot Electrons in Graphene

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Communicationa 143, 3 (2007). [29] S. A. Mikhailov, Europhysics Letters 79, 27002 (2007). [30] L. Liao, Nature 467, 305 (2010). [31] R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus...374008 (2014). [12] A. Lee, Q. Qin, S. Kumar, and B. Williams, Applied Physics Letters 89, 1411 (2006). [13] P. Y. Ashish, S. D. Deepak, and E. B. Kiran...Physics Letters 103, 011101 (20133). [22] M. I. Katsnelson, Materials Today 10, 20 (2007). [23] P. R. Wallace, Physical Review 71, 622 (1947). 52 [24] K

  19. Generalized fractional kinetic equations involving generalized Struve function of the first kind

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.S. Nisar

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In recent paper Dinesh Kumar et al. developed a generalized fractional kinetic equation involving generalized Bessel function of first kind. The object of this paper is to derive the solution of the fractional kinetic equation involving generalized Struve function of the first kind. The results obtained in terms of generalized Struve function of first kind are rather general in nature and can easily construct various known and new fractional kinetic equations.

  20. The $100 Genome: Implications for the DoD

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-15

    of mice with gut microbes for thin (left) versus obese (right) delivered by fecal transplant . Image from Vijay-Kumar et al. 2010. 6.2...to "generate resources enabling the comprehensive characterization of human microbiota and analysis of its role in human health and disease". Such...microbes were eliminated. This " fecal transfusion" resulted in the thin mice becoming obese (Fig. 11), demonstrating that the microbial composition of

  1. Competitive exclusion as a mode of action of a novel Bacillus cereus aquaculture biological agent

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Lalloo, R

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available (Kumar et al. 2006; Newaj-Fyzul et al. 2007). Potential mechanisms of biological agents against 7 pathogens include competition for adhesion sites, production of enzymes, immune stimulation, 8 synthesis of antimicrobials, competitive exclusion..., the ability 20 to reduce the concentration of waste ions in reticulated aquaculture, physiological tolerance to 21 environmental conditions and bio-safety (Lalloo et al. 2007; Lalloo et al. 2008) renders the B. 22 Mode of action B. cereus 14 cereus isolate...

  2. Non-surgical management of a pediatric “intoed” gait pattern – a systematic review of the current best evidence

    OpenAIRE

    Uden H; SS; Kumar

    2012-01-01

    Hayley Uden1, Saravana Kumar21Podiatry Department, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; 2Post Doctoral Senior Research Fellow, International Centre for Allied Health Evidence, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, AustraliaBackground: An intoed gait pattern is one of the most common referrals for children to an orthopedic consultation. Parental concern as to the aesthetics of the child’s gait pattern and/or its symptomatic nature w...

  3. Current status and scope of coral reef research in India: A bio-ecological perspective

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    De, K.; Venkataraman, K.; Ingole, B.S.

    -ECOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE Ravindran et al., 2012 Wilson et al., 2005 Kumaraguru et al., 2005 Kumaraguru et al., 2003 Manikandan et al., 2016 Thinesh et al., 2015 Joshi & Marimuthu, 2015 Pereira &Verlecar. 2005 Kamalakannan et al., 2014..., 2011 Dhivya et al., 2012 Coral bleaching and other threats Jeyabaskaran & Rao, 2007 Krishnan et al., 2011 Marimuthu et al., 2013 Jha et al., 2013 Jogesh Kumar & Raghunathan, 2012 Marimuthu et al., 2011 Marimuthu & Wilson, 2005...

  4. FIB and CVD Fabrication of Carbon Nanostructures on Diamond and Quartz Substrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-29

    Earth sciences", Institute of Mineralogy and Crystallography, University of Vienna, Austria, March 3, 2008. 12. V. Kumar, "Polymeric solar cells ...nanowires in the 500 m structures. (d) FIB image of the interdigital carbon nanowire structure. Overlapping area of two interintruding nanowire combs...structures of another type were made as two interdigital comb arrays penetrating one into another with an overlapping area of 1010 m 2 (Fig. 1.23d). The

  5. A highly-sensitive multisubstrate-compatible chemiluminescent immunoassay for human fetuin A

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2015-01-01

    Authors: Sandeep Kumar Vashist ### Abstract We report a highly-sensitive chemiluminescent immunoassay (CIA) for the detection of human fetuin A (HFA), which is based on the leach-proof covalent crosslinking of anti-HFA capture antibodies on 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES)-functionalized 96-well chemiluminescent microtiter plates (CMTP) using 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride and N-hydroxysulfosuccinimide. It has more than 3-fold reduced overall assay du...

  6. New Developments in Second-Order Nonlinear Optical Polymeric Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-03-17

    spectrophotometer. SHG measurements were carried out according to the method reported earlier[151. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION SHG in spin coated film An...monolayers of poly(4-BCMU) were obtained by similar method . Fiber formation was not observed even at higher surface pressure and no measurable SH...1984). 12. W. H. Kim, N. B. Kodali , J. Kumar, and S. K. Tripathy, To be published in Macromolecules. 13. T. P. Russel, H. Gugger, and J. D. Swalen

  7. Course Lectures Abstracts of Participants Fellows Project Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-10-01

    intrinsically stable, but driven stochastically and nonlinearly by turbulence (Stein, Nord- lund and Kuhn , 1989; Kumar and Goldreich, 1989; Balmforth...Helioseismology, January 1990 to July 1990. 9. Stein, R.F., Nordlund, A., and Kuhn , J., 1989. In Seismology of the sun and sun-like stars,ed. V. Domingo and E...Zahn, Toomre and Latour 1982; Massaguer, Latour , Toomre and Zahn 1984). The early investigations dealt with severely truncated equations, and as a

  8. Estimation of total Terpenoids concentration in plant tissues using a monoterpene, Linalool as standard reagent.

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2015-01-01

    Authors: Narayan Ghorai, Sondipon Chakraborty, Shamik Gucchait, Samir Kumar Saha & Suman Biswas ### Abstract Terpenes and terpenoids are primary constituents of essential oils of different type of plants and flowers. Some qualitative estimation methods of terpenoids in plant tissue have been previously described but there is no protocol of estimating the same quantitatively till date. In the present study a protocol has been attempted to estimate the total terpenoids concentrati...

  9. Advanced Organic Solid States Materials. Volume 173. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-08-08

    Cristalline, URA 144 CNRS ** Laboratoire de Physico- Chimie Thdorique, URA 503 CNRS Domaine Universitaire de Bordeaux I, 33405 - TALENCE Cddex (FRANCE...BOUYSSOUX AND S.N. KUMAR’ D6partement de Chimie Applique et Genie Chimique. CNRS-URA 417 Universit6 Claude Bernard LYON. 69622 Villeurbanne Codex...A. BARRAUD CEA-IRDI-DESICP-DLPC-SCM, CEN.Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvette Cedex (France) O.KAHN Laboratoire Chimle Organique , Universit#6 Paris-Sud, URA

  10. Maintaining Wireless Connectivity Constraints for Robot Swarms in the Presence of Obstacles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , vol. 51, no...8, pp. 1289–1298, 2006. [11] H. G. Tanner, A. Jadbabaie, and G. J. Pappas, “Flocking in fixed and switching networks,” IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , vol...swarms,” IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control , vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 692–697, 2003. [20] H. G. Tanner, G. J. Pappas, and V. Kumar, “Leader-to-

  11. Neuroretinitis in ocular bartonellosis: a case series

    OpenAIRE

    Raihan AR; Zunaina E; Wan-Hazabbah WH; Adil H; Lakana-Kumar T

    2014-01-01

    Abdul-Rahim Raihan,1 Embong Zunaina,1,2 Wan-Hitam Wan-Hazabbah,1,2 Hussein Adil,1,2 Thavaratnam Lakana-Kumar1 1Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia; 2Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, MalaysiaAbstract: We report a case series of neuroretinitis in ocular bartonellosis and describe the serologic verification for Bartonella henselae. This is a retrospective interventional case series of fo...

  12. A Generalized Orienteering Problem for Optimal Search and Interdiction Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Problem TOP Team Orienteering Problem VRP Vehicle Routing Problem VRPSP Vehicle Routing Problem with Selective Pickups xv THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT...Vehicle Routing Problem ( VRP ) are related to the OP. A recent survey (Kumar and Panneerselvam 2012) and two books (Toth and Vigo 2002, Golden et al. 2008...contain detailed descriptions of most variants of the VRP as well as many popular heuristics and exact algorithms for solving them. A variant of the

  13. Eliminating Late Recurrence to Eradicate Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    6926–37 116. Yu WH, Cuervo AM, Kumar A, Peterhoff CM, Schmidt SD, et al. 2005. Macroautophagy—a novel β-amyloid peptide –generating pathway activated...Persistence of transcriptionally silent BCR-ABL rearrangements in chronic myeloid leukemia patients in sustained complete cytogenetic remission . Leuk Lymphoma...during interferon-induced remission in chronic myelogenous leukemia. Analysis by polymerase chain reaction of individual colonies. J Clin Invest. 1994; 94

  14. Biotemplated Synthesis of PZT Nanowires

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-25

    periodically using a vibration generator connected to a mechanical indenter. Measurements were conducted at various resistive loads and frequencies...Figure 4d). Finally, a one-dimensional model for the system was developed to corroborate the experimental results (details in the Supporting Information...Haider, H. IEEE/ASME Trans. Mechatron 2005, 10, 240−252. (10) Wang, X. Nano Energy 2012, 1, 13−24. (11) Kumar, B.; Kim, S.-W. J. Mater. Chem. 2011, 21

  15. PREFACE: International Symposium on Vacuum Science & Technology and its Application for Accelerators (IVS 2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandit, V. S.; Pal, Gautam

    2012-11-01

    clearly indicates that industry has advanced quite significantly. During the symposium, the Indian Vacuum Society honoured two distinguished personalities for their remarkable and significant contributions to the field of vacuum science and development of technology in the country. Awards were presented for both oral and poster papers during the symposium. A committee evaluated the scientific content and clarity of presentation of contributed papers. We believe that deliberations and discussions at the symposium will help gain a better understanding of the complicated and involved technology of vacuum science and be of benefit to scientists and technologists. Subimal Saha Convener Gautam Pal Co-Convener V S Pandit Secretary Surajit Pal Treasurer Conference photograph International Advisory Committee National Advisory Committee S BanerjeeDAE/IndiaR K Bhandari (Chairman)VECC Rockett AngusAVS/USAD L BandyopadhyayIVS A V Dadve CdrPfeiffer Vac /IndiaS B BhattIPR M Barma TIFR/IndiaK G BhushanBARC R K BhandariVECC/IndiaAlok ChakrabartiVECC R C BudhaniNPL, IndiaD P ChakravartyBARC Shekhar ChanderCEERI/IndiaTushar DesaiMumbai Univ S C ChetalIGCAR/IndiaR DeyVECC K L ChopraIIT Delhi/IndiaS C GadkariBARC Christian DayKIT/GermanyS K GuptaIUVSTA/India Kraemer DieterFAIR/GermanyShrikrishna GuptaBARC L M GantayatBARC/IndiaRajendra JatharAgilent Technologies R B GroverDAE, BARC/IndiaS N JoshiCEERI P D Gupta RRCAT/IndiaD KanjilalIUAC Szajman JakubVSA/AustraliaC MallikVECC R N JayarajNFC/IndiaS G MarkandeyaBRNS S KailasBARC/IndiaK C MittalBARC P K KawIPR/IndiaS NagarjunHHV Bangalore Lalit KumarMTRDC/IndiaK G M NairIGCAR Jean Larour Ecole/FranceGautam Pal (Co-convener)VECC Marminga LiaTRIUMF/CanadaSurajit Pal (Treasurer)VECC Shekhar MishraFermilab/USA V S Pandit (Secretary)VECC Ganapatirao MyneniJlab/USaR G PillayTIFR S V NarasaiahHHV/IndiaMohan PradeepNPL K RadhakrishnanISRO/IndiaY Ranga RaoVac Techniques A S Raja RaoIVS/IndiaR RanganathanSINP T RamasamiDST/IndiaSubimal Saha (Convener

  16. Study of Laser Produced Plasma of Limiter of the Aditya Tokomak for Detection of Molecular Bands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rai, Awadhesh Kumar

    2016-06-01

    ptical Window and Other Plasma Facing Components of Aditya Tokamak G. S. Maurya, R. Kumar, A. Kumar and A. K. Rai, Review of Scientific Instruments (In Press) 2. Analysis of deposited impurity material on the surface of optical window of the Tokamak using LIBS, (2014) G. S. Maurya, A. Jyotsana, R. Kumar, A. Kumar and A. K. Rai, Physica Scripta 89, 075601 3. Spatial analysis of impurities on the surface of flange and optical window of the Tokamak using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, G. S. Maurya, A. Jyotsana, A. Kumar and A. K. Rai,(2014), Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 56, 13-18

  17. Emigration dynamics in South Asia, IOM / UNFPA workshop, 2-3 September 1996, IOM headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appleyard, R

    1996-01-01

    This paper describes the six research monographs that were presented at the Emigration Dynamic Workshops in South Asia in September 1996. Research reports were presented by Associate Professor Nasra Shah on an overview of emigration dynamics, Dr. Godfrey Gunatilleke on the role of networks and community structures in migration from Sri Lanka, Dr. Raisul Awal Mahmood on illegal migration from Bangladesh to Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok, and Delhi due to desperate poverty, Dr. Farooq-i-Azam on high and low labor-sending migration districts in Pakistan, Dr. Mahendra K. Premi on the impact of internal Indian migration on international migration, and Dr. P.R. Gopinathan Nair on emigration from Kerala, India, to the Middle East. Representatives of South Asian governments discussed the implications of the research findings. Pakistan's representative urged cooperation and joint strategies among labor-sending countries. He cautioned that income and remittance estimates were unstable and unrealistic for inclusion in economic development plans. The Indian representative noted that, although Indian emigration is low, it is highly visible in the press. He agreed with the suggestion for greater cooperation between sending countries. The Bangladesh representative stated that the country needed to locate new markets for Bangladeshi emigrants, to guarantee the rights of emigrant workers, and to prevent trafficking in illegal migrant workers. Three major topics were discussed in the workshop session on the implementation of programs based on research findings. Workshop participants recommended updated information on migration trends, updated information on labor markets in receiving countries, formal and regular policy dialogue between sending countries, and promotion of continuing research by the International Organization on Migration.

  18. Evaluating Prior Learning Assessment Programs: A Suggested Framework

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nan L. Travers and Marnie T. Evans

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Over the past two decades, American institutions have been expected to include systematic program reviews to meet accrediting standards, either by independent or governmental review agencies. Program evaluation is critical for several reasons: it provides systematic ways to assess what needs improvement or what needs changing and it provides ways to validate practices, whether to internal or external audiences (Mishra, 2007. Most program evaluative models are focused on academic programs, which don’t fit the uniqueness of prior learning assessment programs. This paper proposes an evaluative framework for prior learning assessment programs, which takes into account the type of work within prior learning assessment programs and uses program portfolios, similar to how students are asked to document their work.

  19. Cryptanalysis and Improvement of a Biometric-Based Multi-Server Authentication and Key Agreement Scheme.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chengqi Wang

    Full Text Available With the security requirements of networks, biometrics authenticated schemes which are applied in the multi-server environment come to be more crucial and widely deployed. In this paper, we propose a novel biometric-based multi-server authentication and key agreement scheme which is based on the cryptanalysis of Mishra et al.'s scheme. The informal and formal security analysis of our scheme are given, which demonstrate that our scheme satisfies the desirable security requirements. The presented scheme provides a variety of significant functionalities, in which some features are not considered in the most of existing authentication schemes, such as, user revocation or re-registration and biometric information protection. Compared with several related schemes, our scheme has more secure properties and lower computation cost. It is obviously more appropriate for practical applications in the remote distributed networks.

  20. A comparative study of cosmological models in alternative theory of gravity with LVDP & BVDP

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, R. K.; Chand, Avtar

    2017-08-01

    In this communication we have presented a comparative study of Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) cosmological models in alternative theory of gravity with linearly varying deceleration parameter (LVDP) and bilinearly varying deceleration parameter (BVDP) as suggested by Mishra and Chand (Astrophys. Space Sci. 361:259, 2016c). The role of viscosity in cosmology have been studied by several researchers. Under the influence of such study we have also studied bulk viscous fluid cosmological models in alternative f(R,T) theory of gravity along with comparison of results by taking LVDP and BVDP. The main conclusion of the paper is that BVDP law provides better results in comparative with Berman's constant deceleration law (CDP) and LVDP law. Also the BVDP law provides an envelope for CDP law and LVDP law.

  1. Non-existence of Brans-Dicke theory in higher dimensional FRW universe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çaǧlar, Halife; Aygün, Sezgin

    2016-06-01

    In this paper, we have studied exact solutions of Brans-Dicke (BD) theory for higher dimensional generalized Friedmann-Robertson-Walker (FRW) universe in the presence of strange quark matter (SQM) attached to the string cloud and domain walls. We have obtained that string tension density does not survive in this model. This result agrees with Kiran and Reddy, Krori et al., Sahoo and Mishra and Reddy. Also we have obtained constant scalar field in the presence of string cloud and domain walls. Then BD theory does not observe for higher dimensional FRW universe with SQM attached to the string cloud and domain walls. Our BD solutions turn into general relativity (GR). Finally, some physical properties are discussed.

  2. Some common fixed point theorems in fuzzy metric spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepak Singh

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to prove some common fixed point theorems in (GV-fuzzy metric spaces.While proving our results, we employed the idea of compatibility due to Jungck [14] together with subsequentially continuity due to Bouhadjera and Godet-Thobie [4] respectively (also alternately reciprocal continuity due to Pant [28] together with subcompatibility due to Bouhadjera and Godet-Thobie [4] as in Imdad et al. [12] wherein conditions on completeness of the underlying space (or subspaces together with conditions on continuity in respect of any one of the involved maps are relaxed. Our results substantially generalize and improve a multitude of relevant common fixed point theorems of the existing literature in metric as well as fuzzy metric spaces which include some relevant results due to Imdad et al.[10], Mihet [18], Mishra [19], Singh [28] and several others.

  3. Minimax fractional programming problem involving nonsmooth generalized α-univex functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anurag JAYSWAL

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we introduce a new class of generalized α-univex functions where the involved functions are locally Lipschitz. We extend the concept of α-type I invex [S. K. Mishra, J. S. Rautela, On nondifferentiable minimax fractional programming under generalized α-type I invexity, J. Appl. Math. Comput. 31 (2009 317-334] to α-univexity and an example is provided to show that there exist functions that are α-univex but not α-type I invex. Furthermore, Karush-Kuhn-Tucker-type sufficient optimality conditions and duality results for three different types of dual models are obtained for nondifferentiable minimax fractional programming problem involving generalized α-univex functions. The results in this paper extend some known results in the literature.

  4. Megaspores from the Late Permian, Lower Whybrow coal seam, Sydney Basin, Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glasspool

    2000-07-01

    More than 300 megaspore specimens have been recovered from samples from the Late Permian, Lower Whybrow coal seam of the Wittingham Coal Measures of the Sydney Basin. Only two species are recognised: Singhisporites surangei (Singh) Potonié, emend. and a new species of Singhisporites. Species distribution within the seam is controlled by a major fire event, as recognised by coal petrology and mesofossil content: Singhisporites surangei is dominant before the event, but following it, it is subordinate to the new species.The abundance of megaspores recovered has allowed recognition of the full range of morphologic variation of Singhisporites surangei, which encompasses specimens assigned previously to Singraulispora Pant & Mishra, 1986 and Mammilaespora Pant & Srivastava, 1961; both are regarded as junior synonyms of Singhisporites Potonié, emend. Ultrastructurally, the new species shows affinities with Mesozoic isoetalean megaspores.

  5. Diferencias culturales en el uso de marcos de referencia espacial: el caso de los niños mapuche [Cultural differences in the use of frame spatial reference: The Case of the Mapuche Indigenous Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paula Alonqueo Boudon

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Investigaciones transculturales muestran la variabilidad existente en el desarrollo de la cognición espacial, cuestionando el predominio del marco de referencia relativo y la visión egocéntrica en las representaciones infantiles (Dasen & Mishra, 2010. Este estudio se centra en establecer diferencias en los marcos de referencia espacial usados por 210 escolares mapuche y chilenos, 152 rurales y 58 urbanos, de nivel socioeconómico bajo. Los participantes respondieron una tarea de memoria espacial en la que se evaluó el predominio del marco de referencia relativo o absoluto, y aunque ambos grupos culturales utilizaron los dos marcos de referencia, claramente en los niños mapuche rurales de 10 a 12 años predomina el marco absoluto. Se discuten las implicaciones de la cultura en el desarrollo de la cognición espacial.

  6. Four newly recorded species of Dryopteridaceae from Kashmir valley, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SHAKOOR AHMAD MIR

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Mir SA, Mishra AK, Reshi ZA, Sharma MP. 2014. Four newly recorded species of Dryopteridaceae from Kashmir valley, India. Biodiversitas 15: 6-11. Habitat diversity, elevation, cloud cover, rainfall, seasonal and temperature variations have created many ideal sites for the luxuriant growth of pteridophytes in the Kashmir valley, yet all the regions of the valley have not been surveyed. In Kashmir valley the family Dryopteridaceae is represented by 31 species. During the recent extensive field surveys of Shopian district four more species viz., Dryopteris caroli-hopei Fraser-Jenkins, Dryopteris blanfordii subsp. nigrosquamosa (Ching Fraser-Jenkins, Dryopteris pulvinulifera (Bedd. Kuntze and Polystichum Nepalense (Spreng C. Chr. have been recorded for the first time from the valley. The taxonomic description, synonyms, distribution and photographs of each species are given in this article.

  7. Facile biofunctionalization of silver nanoparticles for enhanced antibacterial properties, endotoxin removal, and biofilm control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lambadi PR

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Paramesh Ramulu Lambadi,1,* Tarun Kumar Sharma,1,* Piyush Kumar,1 Priyanka Vasnani,2 Sitaramanjaneya Mouli Thalluri,2 Neha Bisht,1 Ranjana Pathania,1,2 Naveen Kumar Navani1,21Department of Biotechnology, 2Centre of Nanotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, India*These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Infectious diseases cause a huge burden on healthcare systems worldwide. Pathogenic bacteria establish infection by developing antibiotic resistance and modulating the host’s immune system, whereas opportunistic pathogens like Pseudomonas aeruginosa adapt to adverse conditions owing to their ability to form biofilms. In the present study, silver nanoparticles were biofunctionalized with polymyxin B, an antibacterial peptide using a facile method. The biofunctionalized nanoparticles (polymyxin B-capped silver nanoparticles, PBSNPs were assessed for antibacterial activity against multiple drug-resistant clinical strain Vibrio fluvialis and nosocomial pathogen P. aeruginosa. The results of antibacterial assay revealed that PBSNPs had an approximately 3-fold higher effect than the citrate-capped nanoparticles (CSNPs. Morphological damage to the cell membrane was followed by scanning electron microscopy, testifying PBSNPs to be more potent in controlling the bacterial growth as compared with CSNPs. The bactericidal effect of PBSNPs was further confirmed by Live/Dead staining assays. Apart from the antibacterial activity, the biofunctionalized nanoparticles were found to resist biofilm formation. Electroplating of PBSNPs onto stainless steel surgical blades retained the antibacterial activity against P. aeruginosa. Further, the affinity of polymyxin for endotoxin was exploited for its removal using PBSNPs. It was found that the prepared nanoparticles removed 97% of the endotoxin from the solution. Such multifarious uses of metal nanoparticles are an attractive means of enhancing the potency of antimicrobial

  8. Amartya Sen: o autor e algumas das suas obrasCesaltina Abreu

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Amartya Kumar Sen nasceu na Índia, em 1933. É professor do Trinity College da Universidade de Cambridge na Inglaterra. Amartya Sen é uma referência em teoria da escolha social e em economia do bem-estar, tendo demonstrado ao longo da sua vasta obra uma profunda preocupação com a pobreza, a fome, a justiça, a desigualdade social, a ética e o desenvolvimento, o que lhe valeu a atribuição do Prémio Nobel de Economia em 1998. A originalidade do seu pensamento traduz-se na tentativa de enfatizar t...

  9. [The use of lasers in dermatology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lecocq, C; Pirard, D; del Marmol, V; Berlingin, E

    2013-01-01

    Albert Einstein is undoubtedly the father of lasers. But it is not until 1964 that the first dermatological lasers were introduced. The Nd-YAG laser, the CO2 laser were developed by Kumar Patel. In a 40 year period lasers not only were diversified but have also become safer and miniaturized. This article hopes to strengthen general practionners' and specialist's knowledge of the different categories of available lasers. The most frequently used ones are ablative lasers (CO2-Erbium), vascular lasers (Nd-YAG, KTP, pulsed dye laser) and the pigment lasers (Q-Switched Nd-YAG, Alexandrite). A description of these lasers and their indications in dermatology will be discussed.

  10. Diilimeistrid / Janar Filippov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Filippov, Janar, 1976-

    2007-01-01

    Tallinna haridusasutuste IT-keskkonna arengukava, mille koostamise töörühma juhtfiguur oli Kalmar Kumari firma Kumar Consulting, soosib autori väitel suurtootjat. Firma koostas ka selle riigihanke tingimused, mille eesmärk oli valida välja ettevõte, kes Tallinna haridusasutuste arvutipargi oma hoole alla võtab ja serverteenust pakub. Mitme anonüümse IT-spetsialisti hinnangul oli tegemist suunatud, st ebaõiglase hankega. K. Kumariga seotud pistisejuhtumist

  11. Dispersion of axially symmetric waves in fluid-filled cylindrical shells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bao, X.L.; Überall, H.; Raju, P. K.

    2000-01-01

    , 317 (1972)]. We have extended the work of Kumar to the case of fluid-filled aluminum shells and steel shells imbedded in air. These cases demonstrate the existence of circumferential waves traveling in the filler fluid, exhibiting a certain simplicity of the dispersion curves of these waves......Acoustic waves normally incident on an elastic cylindrical shell can cause the excitation of circumferential elastic waves on the shell. These shells may be empty and fluid immersed, or fluid filled in an ambient medium of air, or doubly fluid loaded inside and out. Circumferential waves...

  12. Hierarchical one-dimensional ammonium nickel phosphate microrods for high-performance pseudocapacitors

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Raju, K

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available :17629 | DOI: 10.1038/srep17629 www.nature.com/scientificreports Hierarchical One-Dimensional Ammonium Nickel Phosphate Microrods for High-Performance Pseudocapacitors Kumar Raju1 & Kenneth I. Ozoemena1,2 High-performance electrochemical capacitors... OPEN w w w . n a t u r e . c o m / s c i e n t i f i c r e p o r t s / 2S C I E N T I F I C REPORTS | 5:17629 | DOI: 10.1038/srep17629 Hierarchical 1-D and 2-D materials maximize the supercapacitive properties due to their unique ability to permit ion...

  13. Indian contributions in the field of palaeoceanography (2006-2012)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Gupta, A.K.; Sinha, D.K.; Singh; Naidu, P.D.; Saraswat, R.; Rai, A.K.

    Status Report Indian Contributions in the Field of Palaeoceanography (2006-2012) ANIL KUMAR GUPTA1, DEVESH K SINHA2, ASHUTOSH K SINGH2, P DIWAKAR NAIDU3, RAJEEV SARASWAT3 and A K RAI4 1Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Dehra Dun, India 2Department... was warmer than (MIS) 3, that the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) was 4°C cooler than the present, and that there was a 2°C increase within the Holocene. Singh and Conan (2008) estimated Aragonite export fluxes of pteropods (4250, 150-250 and 125-150 mm...

  14. Variations in long term wind speed during different decades in Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    SanilKumar, V.; Philip, C.S.

    in long term wind speed during different decades in Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal V Sanil Kumar ∗ and C Sajiv Philip Ocean Engineering, National Institute of Oceanography (Council of Scientific & Industrial Research), Goa 403 004, India. ∗ e-mail: sanil... enhancing measurements from com- mercial aircrafts. Thus this reanalysis data which covers the period from January 1958 to December 2000 is selected for the study. The grid covering the study locations are given in table 1. NCEP reanalysis data has a spatial...

  15. Trends of wave height and period in the Central Arabian Sea from 1996 to 2012: A study based on satellite altimeter data

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Hithin, N.K.; SanilKumar, V.; Shanas, P.R.

    : Ocean Eng., Vol.108; 2015; 416-425. Trends of wave height and period in the Central Arabian Sea from 1996 to 2012: A study based on satellite altimeter data N.K. Hithin, V. Sanil Kumar*, P.R. Shanas+ Ocean Engineering Division, CSIR... measures wind speed at 3 m above the sea surface and SWH at a 3-h interval. Wind observation is a 10-minute average with wind speed and direction sampled at 1 Hz by a cup anemometer with vane. The accuracy of wind speed measurements is 1.5% of full scale...

  16. Marinilabilia nitratireducens sp. nov., a lipolytic bacterium of the family Marinilabiliaceae isolated from marine solar saltern

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Shalley, S.; PradipKumar; Srinivas, T.N.R.; Suresh, K.; AnilKumar, P.

    (Saitou & Nei, 1987) and maximum-parsimony method (Nei & Kumar, 2000) using the MEGA5 package (Tamura et al. 2011). The DNA-DNA hybridization was performed by the membrane filter method (Tourova & Antonov, 1987). Purified genomic DNA (10 µg) was taken... in 6 X SSC buffer and boiled for ten minutes, and chilled immediately on ice and then immobilized onto a nylon membrane (Hybond- N from Amersham) using a dot-blot apparatus. The wells were then washed with 100 µl of 0.5 N NaOH after which the filter...

  17. The distribution of the chaetognath population and its interaction with environmental characteristics in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Nair, V.R.; Kusum, K.K.; Gireesh, R.; Nair, M.

    , but it was higher in the MLD during the SM. The species evenness (J′) was generally high in most layers in both basins (Table II). In both the BoB and the AS, cluster analysis based on the abundance and distribution of chaetognath species at different depth...- component ecosystem model of biological activity in the Arabian Sea. Progress in Oceanography 37:193-240. Muraleedharan KR, Jasmine P, Achuthankutty CT, Revichandran C, Dinesh Kumar PK, Anand P, et al. 2007. Influence of basin scale and mesoscale physical...

  18. Physical and biological response of the Arabian sea to tropical cyclone Phyan and its implications

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Byju, P.; PrasannaKumar, S.

    version: Mar. Environ. Res.: 71(5); 2011; 325-330. Physical and biological response of the Arabian Sea to tropical cyclone Phyan and its implications P. Byju and S. Prasanna Kumar* National Institute of Oceanography (CSIR), Dona Puala, Goa-403 004... fort-night of November 2009 in the box ABCD (see Figure 1 for location). A major drawback of such a study is the lack of data during the peak of the cyclone activity over the ocean due to thick cloud associated with it. Since in situ measurements...

  19. Paired measurements of foraminiferal delta 18 O and Mg/Ca ratios of Indian monsoons reconstructed from Holocene to Last Glacial record

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Mahesh, B.; Banakar, V.K.; Burr, G.

    in northern AS (Prasanna Kumar and Prasad, 1999). The role of low-salinity water inflow from the Bay of Bengal dictating observed SS fluctuations may be ruled out during this time as it was significantly reduced during the last glacial period (Chodankar et... organic matter (Meyers, 1994). The diagenetic alteration of organic matter may also cause a variation in C/N ratios. However, the strong positive correlation between the C and N (r = 0.81; n = 39, Fig. 5) rules out such alteration possibility. Hence...

  20. Experimental Acquisition, Development, and Transmission of Leishmania tropica by Phlebotomus duboscqi

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    ment. Parasitology 121, 25–33. Kamhawi, S., Ramalho-Ortigao, M., Pham, V.M., Kumar, S., Lawyer, P.G., Turco , S.J., Barillas-Mury, C., Sacks, D.L... Turco , S.J., McConville, M.J., Lawyer, P.G., Perkins, P.V., Sacks, D.L., 1992. Stage-specific adhesion of Leishmania promastigotes to the sandfly midgut...Rowton, E., Späth, G., Epstein, L., Turco , S.J., Beverley, S.M., 2000. The role of phosphoglycans in Leishmania–sand fly interactions. Proceedings of

  1. High new production in the Bay of Bengal: Possible causes and implications

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kumar, S.; Ramesh, R.; Sardessai, S.; Sheshshayee, M.S.

    circles are the original data and open circles are the re-calculated conservative estimates. In the right panel (present study), rectangles are for Sep– Oct 2002, triangles for Apr–May 2003 and circles are for Sep–Oct 2002 after taking into account... the subcontinent, inhibiting vertical mixing and the supply of nutrients from below [Prasanna Kumar et al., 2003]. Data of air-sea exchange rates of CO 2 for the northern Indian Ocean in general, and BOB in particular, are inadequate in space and time. Limited data...

  2. Exploring the Presence of microDNAs in Prostate Cancer Cell Lines, Tissue, and Sera of Prostate Cancer Patients and its Possible Application as Biomarker

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    human genome and its role in disease . Annu. Rev. Med. 61, 437–455. Takata, M., Sasaki, M.S., Sonoda, E., Morrison, C., Hashimoto , M., Utsumi, H...are those of the author( s ) and should not be construed as an official Department of the Army position, policy or decision unless so designated by...PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR( S ) Pankaj Kumar 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 5e. TASK NUMBER E-Mail: pk7z@virginia.edu 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7

  3. Enrichments in authigenic uranium in glacial sediments of the Southern Ocean; Enrichissement en uranium authigene dans les sediments glaciaires de l'ocean Austral

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dezileau, L. [Universidad de Conception, Programa Regional de Oceanografia Fisica y Climat PROFC, Y Centro de Investigacion Oceanografica (Chile); Bareille, G. [Pau Univ., Lab. de Chimie Analytique Bio-Inorganique et Environnement, EP-CNRS 132, 64 (France); Reyss, J.L. [CEA Saclay, Direction des Sciences de la Matiere, Lab. des Sciences du Climat et de L' environnement, Lab. Mixte CEA-CNRS, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

    2002-11-01

    Four sediment cores from the Polar frontal zone and the Antarctic zone in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean present an increase of authigenic uranium during glacial periods. We show that this increase in uranium is due to a combination of (i) an increase in the lateral transport of organic matter, (ii) a decrease in the oxygen in deep waters, and (iii) a process of diagenesis. It appears that uranium concentration cannot be used as a proxy of paleo-productivity in the Southern Ocean, as previously suggested by Kumar et al. in 1995. (authors)

  4. Dynamics of dissolved organic carbon in the northwestern Indian Ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    DileepKumar, M.; Rajendran, A.; Somasundar, K.; Haake, B.; Jenisch, A.; Shuo, Z.; Ittekkot, V.; Desai, B.N.

    / 6,, ~'F t 101 18 ~16 ~o* sb* ,b* 7'o- 8b. Fig. 1. Station locations in the northwestern Indian Ocean. 0 o 302 M. DILEEP KUMAR ET AL. F filtrate was fixed with HgC12 and analysed for DOC, within a month, by a high-temperature catalytic wet... compounds, by the high-temperature catalytic oxidation method used in this study, compared with the apparently incomplete decom- position by simple wet oxidation of Menzel (1964), should be the reason for large DOC differences between the two studies...

  5. xLIPA: Promotion of Electrons from the K-shell to 2 GeV using 10 PW Laser Pulses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-19

    xLIPA : Promotion of electrons from the K-shell to 2 GeV using 10 PW laser pulses D.F. Gordon, J.P. Palastro, B. Hafizi, D. Kaganovich, L. Johnson...20] N. Kumar, K.Z. Hatsagortsyan, and C.H. Keitel. Radiation-reaction-force-induced nonlinear mixing of Raman sidebands of an ultraintense laser...RESPONSIBLE PERSON 19b. TELEPHONE NUMBER (include area code) b. ABSTRACT c. THIS PAGE 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT xLIPA: Promotion of

  6. Effect of January 15, 2010 annular solar eclipse on meteorological parameters over Goa, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Muraleedharan, P.M.; Nisha, P.G.; Mohankumar, K.

    of annular eclipse and such fluctuation can cause warming in the upper troposphere. A downdraft at the tropopause height in tune with the fluctuation in tropopause could support the movement of stratospheric ozone from the lower stratosphere that can cause...-meteorological measurements in Nigeria during the total solar eclipse of 29 March, 2006. J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys. 71, 1245 – 1253. Nishanth, T., Narendra Ojha, Satheesh Kumar, M.K., Manish Naja, 2011. Infulence of solar eclipse of 15 January 2010 on surface ozone...

  7. A Holistic Approach to Networked Information Systems Design and Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-15

    In [J7] (where number of nodes are scaled up) and [W12] (where number of classes are scaled up), we take a two- stage approach. In the first stage we...obtain information about any individual file in the system. The weak security is a low-overhead light -weight approach for protecting users’ data. In...Zhisheng Niu and P. R. Kumar, “Optimal Wake-up Mecha- nism for Single Base Station with Sleep Mode,” in Proceedings of the 25th International Teletrac

  8. Wave transformation at select locations along the Indian coast through measurements, modelling and remote sensing

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Aboobacker, V.M.

    global spectral wave model, IEEE Trans Geosci. Rem. Sens., 43, 110-117. Bhowmick, S.A., R. Kumar, S. Basu, A. Sarkar and V.K. Agarwal, 2009: Improvement in wave forecast using data assimilative coastal wave model, Indian J. Mar. Sci., 38(2), 142..., 1993: The impact of the ERS-1 altimeter on the wave analysis and forecast, Report No. GKSS 93/E/44, GKSS, Germany, 56p. Hanson, J. L., and O. M. Phillips, 2001: Automated analysis of ocean surface directional wave spectra, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol...

  9. Mapping the MPM maximum flow algorithm on GPUs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, Steven; Thulasiraman, Parimala

    2010-11-01

    The GPU offers a high degree of parallelism and computational power that developers can exploit for general purpose parallel applications. As a result, a significant level of interest has been directed towards GPUs in recent years. Regular applications, however, have traditionally been the focus of work on the GPU. Only very recently has there been a growing number of works exploring the potential of irregular applications on the GPU. We present a work that investigates the feasibility of Malhotra, Pramodh Kumar and Maheshwari's "MPM" maximum flow algorithm on the GPU that achieves an average speedup of 8 when compared to a sequential CPU implementation.

  10. Mechanical Properties of Robust Ultrathin Silk Fibroin Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    were fabricated from silk aque - ous solution by SA-LbL assembly. Unlike for tradi- tional polyelectrolyte LbL multilayers, where there are strong charge...Appl. Polym. Sci. 1997 , 63, 401. [26] X. Wang, Y.-G. Kim, C. Drew, B.-C. Ku, J. Kumar, L. A. Samuelson, Nano Lett. 2004, 4, 331. [27] D. M. Lynn...Sperling), Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany 1997 . [42] Polymer Handbook, 4th ed. (Eds: J. Brandrup, E. H. Immergut, E. A. Grulke), John Wiley & Sons, Inc

  11. Evolution of cyclonic eddies and biogenic fluxes in the northern Bay of Bengal

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Nuncio, M.; PrasannaKumar, S.

    1 Author version: Biogeosciences Discuss., vol.10; 2013; 16213-16236 Evolution of cyclonic eddies and biogenic fluxes in the northern Bay of Bengal M. Nuncio1 and S. Prasanna Kumar2* 1 National Centre for Antarctic and Ocean Research, Head Land... from 1994 to 1998 as satellite derived sea-level anomaly (SLA) was available only from 1994. Evolution of eddies in relation to the biogenic flux was studied by analysing 7 day merged SLA of Topex-Posiedon/ERS/Jason satellites obtained from AVISO...

  12. Bonding : escala para avaliar o desenvolvimento emocional dos pais com o bebé

    OpenAIRE

    Figueiredo, Bárbara; Marques, A.; Costa,Raquel A.; Pacheco, Alexandra P.; Pais, A.

    2005-01-01

    Neste artigo apresentamos a escala Bonding destinada a avaliar o envolvimento emocional dos pais com o bebé; versão portuguesa alargada do Mother-Baby Bonding Questionnaire (Taylor, Adams, Doré, Kumar, & Glover, in press). A versão original do instrumento, constituída por 8 itens de auto-relato numa escala de tipo "Lickert" de 4 pontos, foi traduzida e acrescentada; uma nova versão de 12 itens foi administrada, entre o 2º e o 3º dia após o parto, a uma amostra de 456 sujeitos (315 mães e 141 ...

  13. New directions: Air pollution challenges for developing megacities like Delhi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Prashant; Khare, Mukesh; Harrison, Roy M.; Bloss, William J.; Lewis, Alastair C.; Coe, Hugh; Morawska, Lidia

    2015-12-01

    Most major cities around the world experience periods of elevated air pollution levels, which exceed international health-based air quality standards (Kumar et al., 2013). Although it is a global problem, some of the highest air pollution levels are found in rapidly expanding cities in India and China. The sources, emissions, transformations and broad effects of meteorology on air pollution are reasonably well accounted in air quality control strategies in many developed cities; however these key factors remain poorly constrained in the growing cities of countries with emerging economies. We focus here on Delhi, one of the largest global population centres, which faces particular air pollution challenges, now and in the future.

  14. Ultrahigh Energy Cosmic Rays: A Galactic Origin?

    CERN Document Server

    Eichler, David; Kumar, Rahul; Gavish, Eyal

    2016-01-01

    It is suggested that essentially all of the UHECRs we detect, including those at the highest energy, originate in our Galaxy. It is shown that even if the density of sources decreases with Galactic radius, then the anisotropy and composition can be understood. Inward anisotropy, as recently reported by the Auger collaboration can be understood as drift along the current sheet of UHECRs originating outside the solar circle, as predicted in Kumar and Eichler (2014), while those originating within the solar circle exit the Galaxy at high latitudes.

  15. REVIEWER LIST – 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Chief Editor

    2014-01-01

    REVIEWER LIST – 2014 The Editorial Team would like to thank all those who gave generously of their time and expertise in reviewing the papers for the Indian Journal of Community Health in 2014.AAarti Kapil, New Delhi, IndiaAbhishek SinghAmandeep Kaur, Haldwani, IndiaAmit Kaushik, Safai, IndiaAnu Bhardwaj, Ambala, IndiaAnurag Chaudary, Ludhiana, IndiaA R BondArpan YagnikArvind Kumar Singh, Gorakhpur, IndiaAshish Yadav, Meerut, IndiaAthar Ansari, Aligarh, India BBaridalyne Nongkynrih, New Delhi...

  16. Phylogeny of Cyclic Nitramine-Degrading Psychrophilic Bacteria in Marine Sediment and Their Potential Role in the Natural Attenuation of Explosives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    isolates. The phylogenetic tree was generated ba neighbor-joining method included in the MEGA2 software package. The ba node is the statistical bootstrap...25 30 35 HAW-EB5 R D X c o n ce n tr at io n ( µM ) M etab o lite co n cen tratio n (µM ) (N 2 O , % o f to tal N ) 3.3. Cyclic nitramine...Press, New York. [28] Kumar, S., Tamura, K., Jakobsen, I.B. and Nei, M. (2001) MEGA2: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis software

  17. Stable Second-Order Nonlinear Optical Materials Based on Interpenetrating Polymer Networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-03-17

    0IJUN93 to 31MAY94 4. 1I1Lk ANDLSUBI1ILIE D. ?-UNUING NUMBERS •’• Stable Second-Order Nonlinear Optical Materials Based On C:N00014-90-J-1148...release and sale; its distribution is unlimited. I Stable Second-Order Nonlinear Optical Materials Based On Interpenetrating Polymer Networks S... Optical Materials Based On Interpenetrating Polymer Networks by S. Marturunkakul, J. I. Chen, L. Li, X. L. Jiang, R. J. Jeng, S. K. Sengupta, J. Kumar

  18. Nested Autonomy for Unmanned Marine Vehicles with MOOS-IvP

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    and marine vehicles, e.g., Bennet and Leonard (2000), Carreras , Batlle, and Ridao (2000), Kumar and Stover (2001), Rosenblatt, Williams, and Durrant...in the x–y or lat–lon plane , (b) an overall time-out, (c) a depth limit, and (d) an al- titude limit. The behavior does not produce an objective...The Waypoint behavior is used for transiting to a set of specified waypoint in the x–y plane . The primary parameter is the set of waypoints. Other

  19. A review of the genus Paraleptomenes Giordani Soika, 1970 (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Eumeninae: Odynerini) from the Indian subcontinent,with the description of a new species from the eastern Himalayas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Girish P; Carpenter, James M; Sharma, Gaurav

    2014-05-23

    The genus Paraleptomenes Giordani Soika, 1970 is reviewed for the Indian subcontinent. A new species Paraleptomenes darugiriensis Kumar, Carpenter & Sharma, sp. nov. is described. The male of P. rufoniger Giordani Soika, 1994 is described for the first time. The distribution records of P. humbertianus (de Saussure, 1867), P. miniatus mephitis (Cameron, 1901), P. miniatus miniatus (de Saussure, 1855), and P. rufoniger Giordani Soika, 1994 in the Indian states are augmented. A key to species of the Indian subcontinent and a world checklist of species are provided.

  20. Dilepton production as a useful probe of quark gluon plasma with temperature dependent chemical potential quark mass

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Yogesh; Singh, S. Somorendro

    2016-07-01

    We extend the previous study of dilepton production using [S. Somorendro Singh and Y. Kumar, Can. J. Phys. 92 (2014) 31] based on a simple quasiparticle model of quark-gluon plasma (QGP). In this model, finite value of quark mass uses temperature dependent chemical potential the so-called Temperature Dependent Chemical Potential Quark Mass (TDCPQM). We calculate dilepton production in the relevant range of mass region. It is observed that the production rate is marginally enhanced from the earlier work. This is due to the effect of TDCPQM and its effect is highly significant in the production of dilepton.

  1. Identification and modeling of internal waves

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Murty, T.V.R.; Sadhuram, Y.; Rao, M.M.M.; SujithKumar, S.; Maneesha, K.; Sandhya, K.S.; Prakash, S.S.; Chandramouli, P.; Murthy, K.S.R.

    ,salanity,density,Bruntvaisala frequencyandsoundvelocityunderdifferentseasons 2.2 Currents 2.3 IdentificationofInternalWaves 2.4 CharactersticsofInternalwavesfromCTDandSpectrumanalysis 2.5 Internalwavefieldgeneration 2.6 ModellingofInternalwaves 2.7 Internalwavesimulation 3. Conclusion Contributors to the project 1.... Dr.T.V.Ramana Murty Co-investigator 2. Dr.Y.Sadhuram Member 3. Dr.M.M.Malleswara Rao Member 4. Mr.S.Sujith Kumar Member 5. Mr.S.Surya Prakash Member 6. Mr...

  2. Estimation of air-sea CO2 flux in the coastal waters of Visakhapatnam

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Latha, T.P.; Rao, K.H.; Sarma, V.V.S.S.; Seetaram, P.; Choudhury, S.B.; Nagamani, P.V.; Dutt, B.S.; Dhadwal, V.K.; Manna, S.

    and higher pCO2 levels in the south western region than to the atmospheric levels (Sarma et al., 2012). Previous study reports (George et al., 1994; Kumar et al., 1996) suggest that the coastal Bay of Bengal acts as a net source for CO2 to the atmosphere... throughout the year except for a brief north east monsoon period and acts as a source or sink depending on coastal surface circulation led majorly by riverine influx. In order to examine this, the time-series observations were conducted at a single station...

  3. Existence of common fixed point and best proximity point for generalized nonexpansive type maps in convex metric space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rathee, Savita; Dhingra, Kusum; Kumar, Anil

    2016-01-01

    Here, we extend the notion of (E.A.) property in a convex metric space defined by Kumar and Rathee (Fixed Point Theory Appl 1-14, 2014) by introducing a new class of self-maps which satisfies the common property (E.A.) in the context of convex metric space and ensure the existence of common fixed point for this newly introduced class of self-maps. Also, we guarantee the existence of common best proximity points for this class of maps satisfying generalized non-expansive type condition. We furnish an example in support of the proved results.

  4. Remarks on the sea level records of the north Indian ocean

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Unnikrishnan, A

    . 106, 6895-6916. Han, W., Webster, P.J., 2002. Forcing mechanisms of sea level interannual variability in the Bay of Bengal. J. Phys. Oceanogr. 32, 216-239. Jade, S., Mukul, M., Parvez, I.A., Ananda, M.B., Kumar, P.D., Gaur, V.K., Bendick, R...., Bilham, R., Blume, F., Wallace, K., Abbasi, I.A., Khan, M.A., Ulhadi, S., 2003. Pre- seismic, co-seismic and post-seismic displacements associated with the Bhuj 2001 earthquake derived from recent and historic geodetic data. Proc. Ind. Acad. Sci. (Earth...

  5. Verified OS Interface Code Synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    5c.  PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 61102F 6. AUTHOR(S) Gerwin Klein, Toby Murray 5d.  PROJECT NUMBER 5e.  TASK NUMBER 5f.  WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING...llisapi.dll Verified OS Interface Code Synthesis Final Report for AFOSR AOARD Grant FA2386-14-1-4093 Gerwin Klein, Ramana Kumar, Toby Murray gerwin.klein... Murray t +61 2 8306 0550 e gerwin.klein@data61.csiro.au w trustworthy.systems DISTRIBUTION A. Approved for public release: distribution unlimited.

  6. Morning cortisol is lower in obese individuals with normal glucose tolerance

    OpenAIRE

    Praveen EP; Sahoo JP; Kulshreshtha B; Khurana ML; Gupta N; Dwivedi SN; Kumar G; Ammini AC

    2011-01-01

    Edavan P Praveen1, Jaya Prakash Sahoo1, Bindu Kulshreshtha2, Madan L Khurana3, Nandita Gupta1, Sada Nand Dwivedi3, Guresh Kumar3, Ariachery C Ammini11Department of Endocrinology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, 2Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, 3Department of Biostatistics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, IndiaBackground: There is no consensus on the role of cortisol in the pathogenesis of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS). This cross-sectional study aimed to analyze...

  7. No change in [¹¹C]CUMI-101 binding to 5-HT(1A) receptors after intravenous citalopram in human

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pinborg, Lars H; Feng, Ling; Haahr, Mette E

    2012-01-01

    Med Biol 38:273-277; Kumar et al. [2006] J Med Chem 49:125-134) and has previously been demonstrated to be sensitive to bolus citalopram in monkeys (Milak et al. [2011] J Cereb Blood Flow Metab 31:243-249). We studied six healthy individuals. Two PET-scans were performed on the same day in each...... individual before and after constant infusion of citalopram (0.15 mg/kg). The imaging data were analyzed using two tissue compartment kinetic modeling with metabolite corrected arterial input and Simplified Reference Tissue Modeling using cerebellum as a reference region. There was no significant difference...

  8. The Grüneisen parameter and its higher order derivatives for the Earth lower mantle and core

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanker, J.; Sunil, K.; Sharma, B. S.

    2017-01-01

    In the present study we propose a simple formula for the reciprocal γ versus pressure-bulk modulus ratio. This formula satisfies the boundary conditions at zero pressure and also at infinite pressure which is a basic requirement for any thermodynamic relationship or equation of state to be physically acceptable. It should be mentioned that the infinite pressure values of thermoelastic properties (Kumar et al., 2015; Stacey, 2005) are the extrapolated values in the limit of infinite pressure by considering the material to remain in the same structure or same phase. In fact, no material can exist at infinite pressure. This point has been elaborated very convincingly by Stacey and Davis (2004).

  9. Robot Path Planning in Uncertain Environments: A Language Measure-theoretic Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    approximation of chance-constrained stochastic predic- tive control. IEEE Transactions on Robotics . 2010;26(3):502–517. [7] Chakravorty S, Kumar S... Transactions on Robotics and Automation. 2007;23(2):331–341. [3] Rhoads B, Mezić I, Poje A. Minimum Time feedback control of autonomous underwater vehicles...2005. p. 194–198. [2] Pêtrès C, Pailhas Y, Patrón P, Petillot Y, Evans J, Lane D. Path Planning for autonomous underwater vehicles. IEEE

  10. Workshop on Future Directions for Optical Information Processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-03-01

    experiments were reported by Pappu, Kumar and Mehta [531, and Roychoudhuri and malacara 9 28 A- (541 explored constrast reversal with halftoning. Kato and...1978). Curr. Sci. 47, No. 1, 1-6. 54. Roychoudhuri, C., and Malacara , D. (1975). Appl. Opt. 14, 1683-1689. 55. Sawchuk, A.A., and Dashiell, S.R...Soc. Amer. 60, 1421. 57. Delingat, E. (1972). Optik 34, 433-441. 58. Schneider, W. (1974). Optica Acta. 21, 563-576. 59. Schnieder, W., Fink, F., and

  11. A REVIEW ON STUDY OF CYANOBACTERIAL MUTANTS%蓝藻突变体研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄开耀; 郭厚良

    1998-01-01

    @@ 1964年,Kumar[1]以及Singh.R.N.和Sing.H.N.G[2]分别报道了在组囊藻(Anacystis nidulans)和苏铁鱼腥藻中(Anabaena cycadae)分离突变体的工作,紧接着各种蓝藻突变体的工作又陆续有报道.突变体的分离为蓝藻的遗传研究提供了必要的工具.

  12. Quantum Cosmology Problems for the 21st Century

    CERN Document Server

    Hartle, J B

    1997-01-01

    Two fundamental laws are needed for prediction in the universe: (1) a basic dynamical law and (2) a law for the cosmological initial condition. Quantum cosmology is the area of basic research concerned with the search for a theory of the initial cosmological state. The issues involved in this search are presented in the form of eight problems. (To appear in Physics 2001, ed. by M. Kumar and in the Proceedings of the 10th Yukawa-Nishinomiya Symposium}, November 7--8, 1996, Nishinomiya, Japan.)

  13. DREW-UCLA Breast Cancer Research and Training Program: Molecular/Cellular Pathogenesis Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    including the Na+-dependent amino acid transporters system A, ASC, N, B0, XAG, Gly, andβ-Alanine/ Taurine , and the Na+-independent amino acid transporters L...initial de- naturation at 94◦C for 2 min, then cycle at 94◦C for 1 min, 58◦C for 1 min and 72◦C for 1 min for 28 cycles and finally extension at 72◦C...anticancer agents. Cell 74:957–967 28. Thompson CB (1995) Apoptosis in the pathogenesis and treatment of disease. Nature 1456–1462 29. Cotran RS, Kumar V

  14. Data-driven prediction of adverse drug reactions induced by drug drug interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-08

    AbdulHameed, Kamal Kumar, Xueping Yuˆ, Anders Wallqvist* and Jaques Reifman Abstract Background: The expanded use of multiple drugs has increased the...induced effects in humans, we can also apply this method to predict ADRs caused by individual drugs. In the present study, we expanded this method to...drug-drug interactions. Trends Pharmacol Sci . 2013;34(3):178–84. doi:10.1016/j.tips.2013.01.006. 7. Vilar S, Harpaz R, Uriarte E, Santana L, Rabadan R

  15. Diilimeistrid / Janar Filippov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Filippov, Janar, 1976-

    2007-01-01

    Tallinna haridusasutuste IT-keskkonna arengukava, mille koostamise töörühma juhtfiguur oli Kalmar Kumari firma Kumar Consulting, soosib autori väitel suurtootjat. Firma koostas ka selle riigihanke tingimused, mille eesmärk oli valida välja ettevõte, kes Tallinna haridusasutuste arvutipargi oma hoole alla võtab ja serverteenust pakub. Mitme anonüümse IT-spetsialisti hinnangul oli tegemist suunatud, st ebaõiglase hankega. K. Kumariga seotud pistisejuhtumist

  16. A Class of Estimators for Finite Population Mean in Double Sampling under Nonresponse Using Fractional Raw Moments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manzoor Khan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents new classes of estimators in estimating the finite population mean under double sampling in the presence of nonresponse when using information on fractional raw moments. The expressions for mean square error of the proposed classes of estimators are derived up to the first degree of approximation. It is shown that a proposed class of estimators performs better than the usual mean estimator, ratio type estimators, and Singh and Kumar (2009 estimator. An empirical study is carried out to demonstrate the performance of a proposed class of estimators.

  17. Observed mixed standing-wave signatures in Cochin Estuary on the southwest coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    DineshKumar, P.K.; Srinivas, K.; Muraleedharan, K.R.; Thottam, T.J.

    at intervals. Because of an intense flood in 1341 AD, parts of 1108 Dinesh Kumar et al. Journal of Coastal Research, Vol. 25, No. 5, 2009 Figure 4. Time series of hourly observed and predicted sea level at T2 during February 1–16, 2006. Figure 5. Time series...–10, 2006. ther, they show a net up-estuary movement, whereas the cross-shore currents show a net offshore movement (Table 3). Alongshore current was found to be at maximum during midtide. Another notable feature was the tidal asymmetry. The flood currents...

  18. Physical forcing of biological productivity in the northern Arabian Sea during the northeast monsoon

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    PrasannaKumar, S.; Ramaiah, N.; Gauns, M.; Sarma, V.V.S.S.; Muraleedharan, P.M.; Raghukumar, S.; DileepKumar, M.; Madhupratap, M.

    ,M.J.W.,Kraay,G.W.,van-Bleijswijk,J.D.L.,Baars,M.A.,1997.Abundanceofbacterioplanktoninrelationto seasonal upwelling in the northwest Indian Ocean. Deep-Sea Research I: Oceanographic Research Papers 44, 425}449. Wishner,K.,Gowing,M.,Gelfman,C.,1998.Zooplanktonbiomassintheupper1000minthe...-1 *Correspondingauthor.fax:#91-832-223340. E-mail address:prasanna@csnio.ren.nic.in(S.P.Kumar). Deep-SeaResearchII48(2001)1115}1126 Physicalforcingofbiologicalproductivityinthe NorthernArabianSeaduringtheNortheastMonsoon S...

  19. Coastal processes along the Indian coastline

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    SanilKumar, V.; Pathak, K.C.; Pednekar, P.; Raju, N.S.N.; Gowthaman, R.

    (Figure 1) carried out by National Institute of Oceanogr a phy, (NIO) Goa and from the published literature 14 , wave characteri s- tics at different locations are presented in T a ble 3. These are site specific data and cannot be considered for loc a...., Kumar, V. S. and Nayak, B. U., Wave stati s- tics around the Indian coast based on ship observe d data. Indian J. Mar. Sci. , 1991, 20 , 87 ? 92. 16. Indian Tide Tables 2006, Indian and selected foreign ports, Go v ern - ment of India, New Delhi...

  20. Role of distinct flavours of IOD events on Indian summer monsoon

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Anil, N.; RameshKumar, M.R.; Sajeev, R.; Saji, P.K.

    -monsoon months of July and August together con- tribute to about 61 % of the mean seasonal rainfall (Ramesh Kumar and Uma 2004). A prolonged break in these 2 months is critical for the quantum of ISMR. Though studies indicate a clear link between IOD and ISMR...:1317–1326 1321 123 3.5 ISMR It is well known that El Nino is associated deficit (drought) monsoon conditions over India. The Oceanic Nino Index (ONI) has been used for identifying the El Nino events in the tropical Pacific. It is the 3-month mean SST anomaly...

  1. Air-sea interaction over the Indian Ocean during the two contrasting monsoon years 1987 and 1988 studied with satellite data

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    RameshKumar, M.R.; Schluessel, P.

    interannual variability in three important aspects. These are The onset date over the Kerala coast, The total quantum of monsoon rainfall, and The duration of the active/break periods within the monsoon life cycle (onset – active – weak – break – active... of the moisture required for the monsoon rainfall. Studies by Hastenarath and Lamb (1980), Cadet and Reverdin (1981a,b), Cadet and Greco (1987) as well as Sadhuram and Ramesh Kumar (1988) stressed the importance of the interhemispheric moisture transport. Sad...

  2. Changes in nearshore waves during the active sea/land breeze period off Vengurla, central west coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Amrutha, M.M.; SanilKumar, V.; Singh, J.

    characteristics in the nearshore zone of Karwar, eastern AS was studied by Dora and Sanil Kumar (2015) and observed equal proportion of swells and wind-seas during February–May. When waves travel towards the coast, the wave characteristics change due to refraction...-dominated spectrum changed to a wind-sea-dominated spectrum at the peak of the sea breeze and hence the average wave spectrum has predom- inant wind-sea peak at 15:00 UTC. The energy in the wind- sea part dissipates when the waves travel from 15 m water depth to 5 m...

  3. EphB4 Receptor Tyrosine Kinase in Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    Hassanieh  L,   Ley  EJ,  Scehnet  J,  Kumar  NG,   Hawes  D,  Press  MF,  Weaver  FA,  Gill  PS.  Receptor  tyrosine...J. Pathol. 174 (2009) 1492. [33] T.D. Bartley, R.W. Hunt, A.A. Welcher, W.J. Boyle , V.P. Parker, R.A. Lindberg, H.S. Lu, A.M. Colombero, R.L

  4. Bimanes (1,5-Diazabicyclo(3.3.0)Octadiendiones). Laser Activity in syn- Bimanes

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-05-24

    oou InterimzOCRA Technica FROM 6/189T5.3j9 3 a 19 16mitr SUPPLEENTAR NOTATION ONOACESIN Heteroatom Chmitr 22217-0 (99) 11. 7CSTIT icueScrt CastoD n)8...bimanes 1. , 4 LO, 4 26 and i-thia-syn-(methylenemethyl)binane 50: and RE. 0-20 for 26 syn-bimanes. The bimane dyes tended to be more photostable and more ...Boyer, C. M. Lau, I. R. Politzer, K. Thangaraj, G. Kumar, V. T. Ramakrishnan, and T. G. Pavlopoulos Prepared for Publication in the Heteroatom Chemistry

  5. Environmental isotopes to test hypotheses for fluid mud (mud bank) generation mechanisms along the southwest coast of India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Jacob, N.; Ansari, M.A.; Revichandran, C.

    -seawater interactions off the coast of southern Taiwan: evidence from environmental isotopes. J. Asian Ear. Sci. 41, 250e262. Mallik, T.K., Mukherji, K.K., Ramachandran, K.K., 1988. Sedimentology of the Kerala mud banks (fluid muds). Mar. Geol. 80, 99e118. Manoj Kumar..., K.K., 1989. Geochemical characteristics of mud bank environment e a case study from Quilandy, west coast of India. J. Geol. Soc. Ind. 33, 55e63. Ramachandran, K.K., Mallik, T.K., 1985. Sedimentological aspects of Alleppey mud bank, west coast...

  6. The use of straw to reduce the soil and water losses in agriculture and forest ecosystems in the Mediterranean Type-Ecosystem. The Soil Erosion and Degradation Research Group contribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerda, Artemi; Burguet, Maria; Keesstra, Saskia; Borja, Manuel Esteban Lucas; Hedo, Javier; Brevik, Eric; Pereira, Paulo; Novara, Agata; Jordan, Antonio; Prosdocimi, Massimo; Taguas, Encarnacion

    2016-04-01

    ., Raizada A., Mandal D., Kumar S., Srinivas S., Mishra P. K. 2015. Identification of areas vulnerable to soil erosion risk in India using GIS methods. Solid Earth, 6 (4), pp. 1247-1257. DOI: 10. 5194/se-6-1247-2015v Brevik, E. C., Cerdà, A., Mataix-Solera, J., Pereg, L., Quinton, J. N., Six, J., and Van Oost, K.: The interdisciplinary nature of SOIL, SOIL, 1, 117-129, doi:10.5194/soil-1-117-2015, 2015. Cerdà, A., Giménez-Morera, A. and Bodí, M.B. 2009. Soil and water losses from new citrus orchards growing on sloped soils in the western Mediterranean basin. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 34, 1822-1830. DOI: 10.1002/esp.1889 Cerdà, A., González-Pelayo, O., Giménez-Morera, A., Jordán, A., Pereira, P., Novara, A., Brevik, E.C., Prosdocimi, M., Mahmoodabadi, M., Keesstra, S., García Orenes, F., Ritsema, C., 2015. The use of barley straw residues to avoid high erosion and runoff rates on persimmon plantations in Eastern Spain under low frequency - high magnitude simulated rainfall events. Soil Res. (In press) Colazo, J.C., Buschiazzo, D. 2015. The Impact of Agriculture on Soil Texture Due to Wind Erosion.Land Degradation and Development, 26 (1), 62-70 DOI: 10.1002/ldr.2297 Dai, Q., Liu, Z., Shao, H., Yang, Z. 2015. Karst bare slope soil erosion and soil quality: A simulation case study. Solid Earth, 6 (3), 985-995.DOI: 10.5194/se-6-985-2015 Decock, C.,J. Lee, M. Necpalova, E. I. P. Pereira, D. M. Tendall, J. Six. 2015 Mitigating N2O emissions from soil: from patching leaks to transformative action. SOIL, 1, 687-694, doi:10.5194/soil-1-687-2015, Erkossa T., Wudneh A., Desalegn B., Taye G. 2015. Linking soil erosion to on-site financial cost: Lessons from watersheds in the Blue Nile basin. Solid Earth, 6 (2), 765-774. DOI: 10. 5194/se-6-765-2015 Jordán-López, A., Martínez-Zavala, L., & Bellinfante, N. 2009. Impact of different parts of unpaved forest roads on runoff and sediment yield in a Mediterranean area. Science of the total environment, 407(2), 937

  7. Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-01

    Focus in this discussion of Nepal is on the following: geography; the people; history; the government; political conditions; the economy; defense; foreign relations; and relations between Nepal and the US. In 1986 the population was estimated to be 17 million with an annual growth rate of 2.6%. The Nepalese are descendants of 3 major migrations from India, Tibet, and Central Asia. About 1/3 of the population lives in the Terai -- about 20% of the land area -- while 2/3 live in the central or hilly region. Officially, Nepal is a Hindu kingdom, but Hinduism has been influenced by and has had an influence on a large Buddhist minority. The result is a synthesis of the 2 religions. Modern Nepal was created in the latter half of the 18th century when Prithvi Narayan Shah, the ruler of the small principality of Gorkha, formed a unified country from a number of independent hill states. Efforts were made throughout the 1950s to frame a constitution for Nepal which would establish a representative form of government, patterned on a modified British model. Such a constitution was issued by King Mahendra in early 1959, and the 1st democratic elections were held for a national assembly shortly thereafter. According to the constitution, the king (chief of state) is the sole source of authority for all government institutions, exercising broad powers over the country's partyless "panchayat" (councils) system of government. In April 1986, Prime Minister Chand and his cabinet resigned in order to contest the elections for the second 5-year term of the directly elected National Panchayat, and an interim cabinet was appointed to oversee the Mah elections. The election brought the defeat of a majority of the incumbents seeking relations. Despite the 1980 referendum confirming the partyless panchayat system, the role of the banned parties continues to be an important political issue. Nepal, which ranks among the world's poorest countries, has a per capita income of about $160. Due to

  8. A better living. A small farmer development project benefits farmers and landless laborers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molitor, C

    1992-12-01

    Nepal suffers from massive poverty. The efforts of the Agricultural Development Bank (ADB) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (AFAD) are directed to providing loans to small farmers for poverty alleviation. The 1st project between 1981 and 1987 and the 2nd project with closing loans in 1991 has assisted 88,000 rural poor in 41 districts, which is considerably more than the target of 58,000. A 3rd Loan Project funded just by ADB will benefit another 138,000 rural poor or 17% of eligible beneficiaries by 1995. Requirements for loans are income Rs2000, landless laborers, and farmers with .5 hectares of land. The credit limit is Rs30,000. An example of the improvement in standard of living of a mother and her 4 children is given; not only has her income increased form Rs2000/year to a potential Rs1800/month but her children are able to receive an education. She was 1 of 1550 participants in the subproject at Mahendra Nagar in the Dhanusa district. Another landless farmer joined an 8-person farmer group and the loan helped him establish a fishery which yields gross income of Rs7500/year. With an additional loan for expansion, he might be able to gross Rs15,000/year. The interest charge is 13% with repayment over 5 years compared with private moneylender charges of 60-100%. Support from the group organizer was needed, however, to encourage the fishery business, because the farmer's intentions were originally to buy a buffalo which other group members had done and then consumed, thus not providing for repayment of the loan. Organizers must not only direct farmers activities, but initially select suitable candidates, motivate them, and provide guidance. Organizers must have a certificate in science, social science, or agriculture. Loans can be obtained for agriculture, livestock and fish enterprises, cottage industries, and agricultural and retail trading. Group savings is encouraged through special meetings, as needed. 15% of the graduates have been

  9. Prediction of dispersed phase holdup in pulsed disc and doughnut solvent extraction columns under different mass transfer conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yong Wang; Kathryn H. Smith; Kathryn Mumford; Teobaldo F. Grabin; Zheng Li; Geoffrey W. Stevens

    2016-01-01

    Using experimental data from a number of pulsed disc and doughnut solvent extraction columns, a unified correla-tion for the prediction of dispersed phase holdup that considers the effects of mass transfer is presented. Pulsed disc and doughnut solvent extraction columns (PDDC) have been used for a range of important applications such as ura-nium extraction and nuclear fuel recycling. Although the dispersed phase holdup in a PDDC has been presented by some researchers, there is stil the need to develop a robust correlation that can predict the experimental dispersed phase holdup over a range of operating conditions including the effects of mass transfer direction. In this study, dis-persed phase holdup data from different literature sources for a PDDC were used to refit constants for the correlation presented by Kumar and Hartland [Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.,27 (1988),131–138] which did not consider the effect of col-umn geometry. In order to incorporate the characteristic length of the PDDC (i.e. the plate spacing), the unified cor-relation for holdup proposed by Kumar and Hartland based on data from eight different types of columns [Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.,34 (1995) 3925–3940] was refitted to the PDDC data. New constants have been presented for each hold-up correlation for a PDDC based on regression analysis using published holdup data from PDDCs that cover a range of operating conditions and physical properties and consider the direction of mass transfer.

  10. Numerical evidence for a chiral spin liquid in the XXZ antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on the kagome lattice at m =2/3 magnetization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Krishna; Changlani, Hitesh J.; Clark, Bryan K.; Fradkin, Eduardo

    2016-10-01

    We perform an exact-diagonalization study of the spin-1/2 XXZ Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the kagome lattice at finite magnetization m =2/3 with an emphasis on the X Y point (Jz=0 ) and in the presence of a small chiral term. Recent analytic work by Kumar et al. [K. Kumar, K. Sun, and E. Fradkin, Phys. Rev. B 90, 174409 (2014), 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.174409] on the same model, using a newly developed flux attachment transformation, predicts a plateau at this value of the magnetization described by a chiral spin liquid (CSL) with a spin Hall conductance of σx y=1/2 . Such a state is topological in nature, has a ground-state degeneracy, and exhibits fractional excitations. We analyze the degeneracy structure in the low-energy manifold, identify the candidate topological states, and use them to compute the modular matrices and Chern numbers, all of which strongly agree with expected theoretical behavior for the σx y=1/2 CSL. In the limit of zero chirality, we find on most (not all) clusters that the topological invariants are still those of a CSL.

  11. Lilienfeld Prize Talk: New Results on Water in Bulk, Nanoconfined, and Biological Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley, H. Eugene

    2008-04-01

    This talk will introduce some of the 63 unsolved mysteries of water, and will demonstrate some recent progress in solving them combining information provided by water in bulk, nanoconfined, and biological environments. In particular, we will present evidence from experiments designed to test the hypothesis that water displays ``polymorphism'' in that it can exist in two liquid different phases and display a novel liquid-liquid critical point. The concept of liquid polymorphism is also proving useful in understanding some of the anomalies of other liquids with local tetrahedral symmetry, such as silicon, silica, and carbon. In particular, the talk will discuss changes in dynamic transport properties [1], and water in biological environments, including a possible physical explanation for the phenomenon known as the protein glass transition [2]. [1] P. Kumar, S. V. Buldyrev, S. L. Becker, P. H. Poole, F. W. Starr, and H. E. Stanley, ``Relation between the Widom line and the Breakdown of the Stokes--Einstein Relation in Supercooled Water,'' Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 104, 9575-9579 (2007). [2] P. Kumar, Z. Yan, L. Xu, M. G. Mazza, S. V. Buldyrev, S.-H. Chen. S. Sastry, and H. E. Stanley, ``Glass Transition in Biomolecules and the Liquid-Liquid Critical Point of Water,'' Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 177802 (2006).

  12. Elliptic nozzle aspect ratio effect on controlled jet propagation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aravindh Kumar, S. M.; Rathakrishnan, Ethirajan

    2017-04-01

    The present study deals with the control of a Mach 2 elliptic jet from a convergent-divergent elliptic nozzle of aspect ratio 4 using tabs at the nozzle exit. The experiments were carried out for rectangular and triangular tabs of the same blockage, placed along the major and minor axes of the nozzle exit, at different levels of nozzle expansion. The triangular tabs along the minor axis promoted superior mixing compared to the other controlled jets and caused substantial core length reduction at all the nozzle pressure ratios studied. The rectangular tabs along the minor axis caused core length reduction at all pressure ratios, but the values were minimal compared to that of triangular tabs along the minor axis. For all the test conditions, the mixing promotion caused by tabs along the major axis was inferior to that of tabs along the minor axis. The waves present in the core of controlled jets were visualized using a shadowgraph. Comparison of the present results with the results of a controlled Mach 2 elliptic jet of aspect ratio 2 (Aravindh Kumar and Sathakrishnan 2016 J. Propulsion Power 32 121-33, Aravindh Kumar and Rathakrishnan 2016 J. Aerospace Eng. at press (doi:10.1177/0954410016652921)) show that for all levels of expansion, the mixing effectiveness of triangular tabs along the minor axis of an aspect ratio 4 nozzle is better than rectangular or triangular tabs along the minor axis of an aspect ratio 2 nozzle.

  13. Acknowledgement to Reviewers

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    Editorial Office

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Acknowledgement to ReviewersThe editorial board of International Journal of Cancer Therapy and Oncology (IJCTO wishes to acknowledge the help of reviewers who have generously contributed their valuable time and efforts during the period September 2013–October 2014 in the appraisal of manuscripts submitted to the IJCTO. Abdulhamid Chaikh (FranceAlok Singh (USAAnamika Basu (USAAnish Banerjee (IndiaAntonella Fogliata (SwitzerlandArun Oinam (IndiaBirendra Kumar Rout (IndiaBrindha Subramanian (AustraliaCharles Bloch (USACharles Shang (USAChee-Wai Cheng (USAChih-Yao Cheng (USADaniel Bailey (USADanijela Scepanovic (SlovakiaErsalan Hernandez (USAEsmaeel Ghasroddashti (CanadaH Sudahar (IndiaHe Wang (USAKanan Jassal (IndiaLanchun Lu (USALei Guo (USALeonardo da Silva Boia (USALuiz Antonio Ribeiro da Rosa (BrasilMaria Chan (USAMing Yan (USAMohamed Fawzy (EgyptMohammad Rafiqul Islam (USANilseia Aparecida Barbosa (BrasilNita Nair (IndiaPanayiotis Mavroidis (USAPaul Sijens (NetherlandsPaulo Roberto Fonseca (BrasilPei-Hsin Cheng (USAPrabhakar Ramachandran (AustraliaPradip Maiti (IndiaPratik Kumar (IndiaQinghui Zhang (USAQiyong Fan (USARadu Alin Vasilache (RomaniaRajesh Thiyagarajan (IndiaRanjita Shegokar (GermanyRick Sims (New ZelandSara Bresciani (ItalySaurabh Varshney (IndiaShyam Pokhrel (USASunder Goyal (IndiaSupriya Chopra (IndiaSuresh Rana (USAToks Yerokun (USATulika Seth (USAV. Kannan (IndiaWaldemar Ulmer (GermanyWaqas Shuaib (USAXiang-Ming Ding (USAYida Hu (USAYong Chen (USAYu Wang (USAYuanming Feng (USAYulin Song (USA

  14. Exploration of alginate hydrogel/nano zinc oxide composite bandages for infected wounds

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    Mohandas A

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Annapoorna Mohandas,* Sudheesh Kumar PT,* Biswas Raja, Vinoth-Kumar Lakshmanan, Rangasamy Jayakumar Amrita Centre for Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University, Kochi, India *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Alginate hydrogel/zinc oxide nanoparticles (nZnO composite bandage was developed by freeze-dry method from the mixture of nZnO and alginate hydrogel. The developed composite bandage was porous with porosity at a range of 60%–70%. The swelling ratios of the bandages decreased with increasing concentrations of nZnO. The composite bandages with nZnO incorporation showed controlled degradation profile and faster blood clotting ability when compared to the KALTOSTAT® and control bandages without nZnO. The prepared composite bandages exhibited excellent antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Candida albicans, and methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA. Cytocompatibility evaluation of the prepared composite bandages done on human dermal fibroblast cells by Alamar assay and infiltration studies proved that the bandages have a non-toxic nature at lower concentrations of nZnO whereas slight reduction in viability was seen with increasing nZnO concentrations. The qualitative analysis of ex-vivo re-epithelialization on porcine skin revealed keratinocyte infiltration toward wound area for nZnO alginate bandages. Keywords: alginate, hydrogel, ZnO nanoparticle, hemostatic, antimicrobial activity, wound healing

  15. Theoretical analysis of the influence of flexoelectric effect on the defect site in nematic inversion walls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gui-Li, Zheng; Hui, Zhang; Wen-Jiang, Ye; Zhi-Dong, Zhang; Hong-Wei, Song; Li, Xuan

    2016-03-01

    Based on the experimental phenomena of flexoelectric response at defect sites in nematic inversion walls conducted by Kumar et al., we gave the theoretical analysis using the Frank elastic theory. When a direct-current electric field normal to the plane of the substrate is applied to the parallel aligned nematic liquid crystal cell with weak anchoring, the rotation of ±1 defects in the narrow inversion walls can be exhibited. The free energy of liquid crystal molecules around the +1 and -1 defect sites in the nematic inversion walls under the electric field was formulated and the electric-field-driven structural changes at the defect site characterized by polar and azimuthal angles of the local director were simulated. The results reveal that the deviation of azimuthal angle induced by flexoelectric effect are consistent with the switching of extinction brushes at the +1 and -1 defects obtained in the experiment conducted by Kumar et al. Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11374087, 11274088, and 11304074), the Natural Science Foundation of Hebei Province, China (Grant Nos. A2014202123 and A2016202282), the Research Project of Hebei Education Department, China (Grant Nos. QN2014130 and QN2015260), and the Key Subject Construction Project of Hebei Province University, China.

  16. Cultura y economía en el desarrollo social humano Culture and economy within the human social development

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    Benito Payarés Comas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Se tratan aspectos esenciales relacionados con el desarrollo humano en el contexto de la economía y la cultura. Se establecen nexos entre las concepciones vigotskianas sobre la situación social de desarrollo y las dinámicas del aprendizaje y el modelo del desarrollo humano basado en las necesidades humanas fundamentales de Manfred Max-Neff. Asimismo, se aborda la satisfacción cultural de las necesidades fundamentales del hombre en la dinámica del desarrollo personológico y sus implicaciones en la pobreza. Se hace referencia a la teoría del desarrollo humano de Amartya Kumar Sen. Se alerta acerca de la necesidad de profundizar en el estudio de los problemas actuales relacionados con el hombre.Important aspects related to human development within both economic and cultural contexts are considered in this paper. It establishes connections between Vigotski’s conceptions about the social situation of development and the learning dynamics and Manfred Max-Neff’s human development model based on fundamental human needs. It also deals with the cultural satisfaction of man’s needs within the dynamics of personal development and its repercussions on poverty. Amartya Kumar Sen’s human development theory is as well referred. It alerts about the necessary study of present man-related problems.

  17. Experimental Particle Physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosenfeld, Carl [Univ of South Carolina; Mishra, Sanjib R. [Univ of South Carolina; Petti, Roberto [Univ of South Carolina; Purohit, Milind V. [Univ of South Carolina

    2014-08-31

    The high energy physics group at the University of South Carolina, under the leadership of Profs. S.R. Mishra, R. Petti, M.V. Purohit, J.R. Wilson (co-PI's), and C. Rosenfeld (PI), engaged in studies in "Experimental Particle Physics." The group collaborated with similar groups at other universities and at national laboratories to conduct experimental studies of elementary particle properties. We utilized the particle accelerators at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Illinois, the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) in California, and the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Switzerland. Mishra, Rosenfeld, and Petti worked predominantly on neutrino experiments. Experiments conducted in the last fifteen years that used cosmic rays and the core of the sun as a source of neutrinos showed conclusively that, contrary to the former conventional wisdom, the "flavor" of a neutrino is not immutable. A neutrino of flavor "e," "mu," or "tau," as determined from its provenance, may swap its identity with one of the other flavors -- in our jargon, they "oscillate." The oscillation phenomenon is extraordinarily difficult to study because neutrino interactions with our instruments are exceedingly rare -- they travel through the earth mostly unimpeded -- and because they must travel great distances before a substantial proportion have made the identity swap. Three of the experiments that we worked on, MINOS, NOvA, and LBNE utilize a beam of neutrinos from an accelerator at Fermilab to determine the parameters governing the oscillation. Two other experiments that we worked on, NOMAD and MIPP, provide measurements supportive of the oscillation experiments. Good measurements of the neutrino oscillation parameters may constitute a "low energy window" on related phenomena that are otherwise unobservable because they would occur only at energies way above the reach of conceivable accelerators. Purohit and Wilson participated in the Ba

  18. Short communication: A laboratory study to validate the impact of the addition of Alnus nepalensis leaf litter on carbon and nutrients mineralization in soil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GAURAV MISHRA

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Mishra G, Giri K, Dutta A, Hazarika S and Borgohain P. 2015. A laboratory study to validate the impact of the addition of Alnus nepalensis leaf litter on carbon and nutrients mineralization in soil. Nusantara Bioscience 8: 5-7. Plant litter or residues can be used as soil amendment to maintain the carbon stock and soil fertility. The amount and rate of mineralization depends on biochemical composition of plant litter. Alnus nepalensis (Alder is known for its symbiotic nitrogen fixation and capability to restore fertility of degraded lands. A laboratory incubation experiment was conducted for 60 days under controlled conditions to validate the carbon and nutrients mineralization potential of alder litter. Soil fertility indicators, i.e. soil organic carbon (SOC, available nitrogen (N, available phosphorus (P, and available potassium (K were analyzed using standard procedures. Significant differences were observed in the soil properties after addition of litter. Nutrient composition of alder litter was found superior by providing significantly higher organic matter and helped in better nutrient cycling. Therefore, alder based land use system may be replicated in other degraded lands or areas for productivity enhancement which is important for sustaining biodiversity and soil fertility.

  19. Welfare Lobby Groups responding to Globalisation: A Comparison of the Australian Council of Social Service (ACOSS and the UK Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available The past decade has witnessed a period of intense economic globalisation. The growing significance of international trade, investment, production and financial flows appears to be curtailing the autonomy of individual nation states. In particular, globalisation appears to be encouraging, if not demanding, a decline in social spending and standards. However, many authors believe that this thesis ignores the continued impact of national political and ideological pressures and lobby groups on policy outcomes. In particular, it has been argued that national welfare consumer and provider groups remain influential defenders of the welfare state. For example, US aged care groups are considered to be particularly effective defenders of social security pensions. According to this argument, governments engaged in welfare retrenchment may experience considerable electoral backlash (Pierson 1996; Mishra 1999. Yet, it is also noted that governments can take action to reduce the impact of such groups by reducing their funding, and their access to policy-making and consultation processes. These actions are then justified on the basis of removing potential obstacles to economic competitiveness (Pierson 1994; Melville 1999.

  20. Influence of Psychological Empowerment on Organizational Commitment among Medical Employees in a Hospital Setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kebriaei, A; Rakhshaninejad, M; Mohseni, M

    2014-12-01

    People within organizations are a key factor for efficiency. Thus employee empowerment has become a popular management strategy. The study aimed to investigate the relationship between psychological empowerment and organizational commitment among medical staff of a hospital in Zahedan city. This cross sectional study was carried out in 2013. A random sample of 172 medical employees in Khatam-ol-Anbia hospital at Zahedan city was selected and responded to items of the questionnaires using a 7-point Likert scale ranging from 1 to 7. For measuring psychological empowerment and organizational commitment, Mishra & Spreitzer's scale and Meyer and Allen's questionnaire were used. A higher score means a higher degree of psychological empowerment or organizational commitment. Analysis was carried out using SPSS. The level of organizational commitment and psychological empowerment significantly were higher than average. There was a significant positive relationship between employees' empowerment and their commitment to organization. Psychological empowerment was a significant predictor of organizational commitment (β = .524). Out of the five dimensions of empowerment three dimensions are significant predictors of commitment and explain 37.1% of the variance in commitment. Due to The positive influence of psychological empowerment on organizational commitment, programs for in-service education should focus on facilitating psychological empowerment to improve and increase organizational commitment. Also, since impact of employees psychological empowerment on organizational commitment partially supported, there are other variables that influence the organizational commitment.

  1. Sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men: a quantitative cross sectional study in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal [Expression of concern

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    Mishra SR

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Mishra SR, Khanal V. HIV/AIDS – Research and Palliative Care. 2013:5 81–88.Following the publication of this article, the Editor-in-Chief and Publisher were alerted to concerns over terminology used, errors in the reference list, and unacceptable levels of similar text with a previously published paper: Deuba K, et al. Risk of HIV infection among men having sex with men in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1010539512441491.The authors were contacted in relation to these concerns and provided timely, adequate answers to all issues raised. The authors admit and apologize for two major mistakes: the missing reference of Deuba et al; and the errors in the reference list. All other concerns were adequately answered.In light of these, the Editor-in-Chief and Publisher are issuing this Expression of Concern to make readers aware of these points.Read the original article

  2. The Pleiades and the Dreamtime: an Aboriginal Women's Story and Other Ancient World Traditions

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    Antonella Riem Natale

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available It is never simple to read sacred stories, narrations and belief systems of different cultures without running the risk of ‘appropriating’ and incorporating these stories and systems within your own, thus perpetrating a form of intellectual colonialism that has created and is still creating so much suffering (Hodge & Mishra 1991. One needs to be aware of many differences and nuances in meaning when handling myths, words, ideas, concepts, stories belonging to a different culture. On the other hand it would be wrong to follow the idea that certain subjects can be treated, read, analysed only by those who ‘belong’ to that culture. As Raimon Panikkar (2007: 80 ff. says, interculturality is an imperative since monolingualism and monoculturalism (like globalism are always instrument and ideology at the service of the dominant power in order to submit and exploit. Whenever we lose touch with the depth and riches of other cultures, our own is impoverished, and the world at large too, for only in relationship and dialogue of word, poetry, myth and song can the world be. Thus, following the (song lines of the partnership literary theory as implemented by the Partnership Studies Group (PSG at the University of Udine1 in order to treat all creative and literary material with attention, care, respect, in partnership and eq

  3. Relaxation of compressively strained AlGaN by inclined threading dislocations.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Follstaedt, David Martin; Lee, Stephen Roger; Crawford, Mary Hagerott; Provencio, Paula Polyak; Allerman, Andrew Alan; Floro, Jerrold Anthony

    2005-06-01

    Transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction were used to assess the microstructure and strain of Al{sub x}Ga{sub 1?x}N(x = 0.61-0.64) layers grown on AlN. The compressively-strained AlGaN is partially relaxed by inclined threading dislocations, similar to observations on Si-doped AlGaN by P. Cantu, F. Wu, P. Waltereit, S. Keller, A. E. Romanov, U. K. Mishra, S. P. DenBaars, and J. S. Speck [Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 674 (2003) ]; however, in our material, the dislocations bend before the introduction of any Si. The bending may be initiated by the greater lattice mismatch or the lower dislocation density of our material, but the presence of Si is not necessarily required. The relaxation by inclined dislocations is quantitatively accounted for with the model of A. E. Romanov and J. S. Speck [Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2569 (2003)], and we demonstrate the predicted linear dependence of relaxation on layer thickness. Notably, such relaxation was not found in tensile strained AlGaN grown on GaN [J. A. Floro, D. M. Follstaedt, P. Provencio, S. J. Hearne, and S. R. Lee, J. Appl. Phys. 96, 7087 (2004)], even though the same mechanism appears applicable.

  4. THE AXIS OF EVIL: THE ALLIANCE OF NEO-CONSERVATISM AND NEO-ORIENTALISM IN RUSHDIE’S SHALIMAR THE CLOWN / ŞEYTAN ÜÇGENİ: SALMAN RUSHDİE’NİN SOYTARI ŞALİMAR ROMANINDA AŞIRI SAĞCI NEO-CON’LAR İLE YENİ-ORYANTALİZM’İN İTTİFAKI

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    Beyazıt AKMAN

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the Orientalist discourse in Salman Rushdie’s Shalimar the Clown (2005, one of the author’s most problematic Works and his first novel after 9/11, is analyzed. It is argued that rather than questioning the assumptions about the “Islamic terrorist” and its place in the Western collective conscious, Rushdie reinforces and licenses the intellectual neo-orientalist discourse of “the axis of evil” perpetuated by the Bush administration by applying the stereotypes and clichés about the East, without engaging in a dialogue to understand the Other or historicizing the subject matter. It is also aimed to expose how Rushdie’s so-called “insider” status that arises because of his Indian origin and coming from amonst Muslims, gives him an unfair credit and makes him all the more credible in the eyes of his readership, mostly the literary intelligencia of the West. By building on the old and new post-colonial scholarship of particularly Edward Said, Frantz Fanon, Mahmood Mandani, and Pankaj Mishra, it is analyzed how, unlike many intellectuals, Rushdie positions himself amongst the neo-conservatives of the United States.

  5. Ferns and fern allies of District Shopian, Kashmir Valley, India

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    SHAKOOR A. MIR

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Mir SA, Mishra AK, Pala SA, Reshi ZA, Sharma MP. Ferns and fern allies of District Shopian, Kashmir Valley, India Biodiversitas 16: 27-43. Shopian, recently created hilly district of Kashmir valley, Jammu and Kashmir is surrounded by the lofty mountains of Pir-Panjal range. More than half area of district is occupied by different forests, subalpine, alpine and mountainous zones. Great altitudinal variation, adequate rainfall, high forest cover, large number of streams, springs and topographic variations render the district worthy for supporting rich fern flora. Therefore, the current study was aimed to undertake in-depth systematic survey of different habitats of Shopian for the collection of diversity of pteridophytes. Specimens were collected during 2010, 2011 and 2012 growing seasons from June to November. A total 81 species of ferns and fern allies belonging 27 genera and 11 families were reported. The dominant families of the region are Dryopteridaceae (25 species followed by Woodsiaceae (16 species, Aspleniaceae (13 species and Pteridaceae (12 species. Similarly, the dominant genera collected from here are Dryopteris (14 species, Asplenium (13, Polystichum (11 species and Athyrium (6 species. A list of the fern and fern allies, along with update nomenclature, their selected Synonym, diagnostic features, distributional and ecological notes have been provided here.

  6. An Improvement of Robust Biometrics-Based Authentication and Key Agreement Scheme for Multi-Server Environments Using Smart Cards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Jongho; Choi, Younsung; Jung, Jaewook; Won, Dongho

    2015-01-01

    In multi-server environments, user authentication is a very important issue because it provides the authorization that enables users to access their data and services; furthermore, remote user authentication schemes for multi-server environments have solved the problem that has arisen from user's management of different identities and passwords. For this reason, numerous user authentication schemes that are designed for multi-server environments have been proposed over recent years. In 2015, Lu et al. improved upon Mishra et al.'s scheme, claiming that their remote user authentication scheme is more secure and practical; however, we found that Lu et al.'s scheme is still insecure and incorrect. In this paper, we demonstrate that Lu et al.'s scheme is vulnerable to outsider attack and user impersonation attack, and we propose a new biometrics-based scheme for authentication and key agreement that can be used in multi-server environments; then, we show that our proposed scheme is more secure and supports the required security properties.

  7. Digital immigrants teaching digital natives: A phenomenological study of higher education faculty perspectives on technology integration with English core content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corey, Robert C.

    In the last two decades, technology use has escalated and educators grapple with its advances and integration into the classroom. Issues surrounding what constitutes a literate society, the clarion calls for educational reform emanating from US presidents to parent teacher organizations, and educators' ability to cope with advances in technology in the classroom demand attention. Therefore, the purpose of this qualitative study was to explore and understand the professional and educational experiences of six English faculty members teaching undergraduate courses at Midwest universities. Using the framework of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge -- TPACK (Koehler and Mishra 2008), the major focus of the study was to determine how faculty members understood what characterized the nature of teaching with technology in undergraduate classrooms. Results of this study revealed five themes showing how the participants were introduced to technology, how they assimilated it into their pedagogy, and how they integrated it into teaching practice. This study has the potential to impact the nature of illustrating the methods and techniques used by the six participants as they merge technology, pedagogy, and content knowledge and set in motion classroom practices that assist faculty at all levels to develop and teach technology skills necessary for the 21st century and to better prepare students for thinking critically about how to use digital advances.

  8. Technological, Pedagogical, and Content Knowledge (TPACK): An Educational Landscape for Tertiary Science Faculty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavadia, Linda

    Earlier studies concluded that technology's strength is in supporting student learning rather than as an instrument for content delivery (Angeli & Valanides, 2014). Current research espouses the merits of the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) framework as a guide for educators' reflections about technology integration within the context of content and instructional practice. Grounded by two theoretical frameworks, TPACK (Mishra & Koehler, 2006; 2008) and Rogers' (1983, 1995) theory of diffusion of innovation, the purpose of this mixed-methods research was two-fold: to explore the perceived competencies of tertiary science faculty at higher education institutions with respect to their integration of technology within the constructs of pedagogical practice and content learning and to analyze whether these perceived competencies may serve as predictive factors for technology adoption level. The literature review included past research that served as models for the Sci-TPACK instrument. Twenty-nine professors of tertiary science courses participated in an online Likert survey, and four professors provided in-depth interviews on their TPACK practices. Quantitative analysis of data consisted of descriptive and reliability statistics, calculations of means for each of the seven scales or domains of TPACK, and regression analysis. Open-ended questions on the Likert survey and individual interviews provided recurrent themes of the qualitative data. Final results revealed that the participants integrate technology into pedagogy and content through a myriad of TPACK practices. Regression analysis supported perceived TPACK competencies as predictive factors for technology adoption level.

  9. Platelet rich plasma injection grafts for musculoskeletal injuries: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampson, Steven; Gerhardt, Michael; Mandelbaum, Bert

    2008-12-01

    In Europe and the United States, there is an increasing prevalence of the use of autologous blood products to facilitate healing in a variety of applications. Recently, we have learned more about specific growth factors, which play a crucial role in the healing process. With that knowledge there is abundant enthusiasm in the application of concentrated platelets, which release a supra-maximal quantity of these growth factors to stimulate recovery in non-healing injuries. For 20 years, the application of autologous PRP has been safely used and documented in many fields including; orthopedics, sports medicine, dentistry, ENT, neurosurgery, ophthalmology, urology, wound healing, cosmetic, cardiothoracic, and maxillofacial surgery. This article introduces the reader to PRP therapy and reviews the current literature on this emerging treatment modality. In summary, PRP provides a promising alternative to surgery by promoting safe and natural healing. However, there are few controlled trials, and mostly anecdotal or case reports. Additionally the sample sizes are frequently small, limiting the generalization of the findings. Recently, there is emerging literature on the beneficial effects of PRP for chronic non-healing tendon injuries including lateral epicondylitis and plantar fasciitis and cartilage degeneration (Mishra and Pavelko, The American Journal of Sports Medicine 10(10):1-5, 2006; Barrett and Erredge, Podiatry Today 17:37-42, 2004). However, as clinical use increases, more controlled studies are needed to further understand this treatment.

  10. Necesidades formativas del profesorado de Secundaria para la implementación de experiencias gamificadas en STEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Fuentes Hurtado

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available La formación de ciudadanos competentes tecnológicamente es uno de los retos a los que l os docentes de Secundaria se enfrentan hoy en los países desarrollados, donde se espera una creciente demanda de profes ionales del ámbito científico - tecnológico (Co nvert y Gugenheim, 2005, pero se observa desinterés por esta rama del conocimiento ( Marbà y Márquez, 2010 . D e ahí parte la iniciativa STEM ( Science , Technology, Engineering & Maths ( Stohlmann , Moore y Roehrig , 2012 que promueve el estudio integrado de estas materias . Buscando la excele ncia académica por medio de metodologías que motiven al alumna do, l a gamificación presenta características suficientes para ser considerada un elemento de mejora del proceso de enseñanza - aprendizaje. Este artículo presenta , mediante un análisis documental , los tres saberes ( contenidos, pedagog ía y tecnología , que siguiendo el modelo pedagógico TPACK ( Mishra y Koehler, 2006 deben se r desarrollados por lo s docentes de STEM para implementar experiencias gamificadas.

  11. New records of Pteridophytes for Kashmir Valley, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SHAKOOR A. MIR

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Mir SA, Mishra AK, Reshi ZA, Sharma MP. 2014. New Records of Pteridophytes for Kashmir Valley, India. Biodiversitas 15: 131-136. During the recent field survey of district Shopian four species of Pteridophytes are reported for the first time that constitutes new records for Kashmir valley. These species are Hypolepis polypodioides (Blume Hook, Pteris stenophylla Wall. ex Hook. & Grev., Dryopteris subimpressa Loyal and Dryopteris wallichiana (Spreng. Hylander. The diagnostic features of H. polypodioides are presence of long-creeping slender rhizome and eglandular, colorless or brown tinged hairs throughout the frond. P. stenophylla is characterized by having dimorphic fronds and 3 to 5 pinnae clustered at stipe apex. D. subimpressa is marked by pale-green lamina and the largest basiscopic basal pinnule in the lowest pair of pinnae. Similarly, the characteristic features of D. wallichiana are presence of huge frond size, glossier and dark-green lamina and dense browner scales in stipe and rachis. In present communication taxonomic description, synonyms, ecology and photographs are provided for each of these newly recorded species.

  12. Results from a survey of the dynamics shaping Uranus' Mab/μ-ring system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Kartik; de Pater, Imke; Showalter, Mark R.

    2014-11-01

    Based on Hubble Space Telescope (HST) data, Showalter and Lissauer (2006) reported the discovery of two faint rings beyond Uranus’ main rings: the ν- and μ- rings. They constitute Uranus' outer ring system and are located beyond the ɛ-ring but interior to the large classical moons. After co-adding a series of HST images, Showalter and Lissauer (2006) obtained radial profiles for both new rings. They discovered that the peak radial intensity of the μ-ring aligns closely with the orbit of Mab. Along with numerous other observations, this points to the fact that the Mab/μ-ring system is highly coupled.The discovery of the μ-ring has led to open questions about dust dynamics beyond Uranus' main rings. Like Saturn's E-ring, observations reveal that the μ-ring is blue, indicative of a pre-dominance of sub-micron-sized particles (de Pater et al., 2006). The E-ring results from plumes on Enceladus' south pole, however the origin of the μ-ring remains a mystery. The latter is likely fed by ejecta from micro-meteorite impacts with Mab, much like Jupiter's faint rings are regenerated by companion (small) moons (Burns et al., 1999). The μ-ring's steep size-distribution suggests that there is an unknown mechanism at play that hides or removes large dust particles. We present results from an investigation into the forces shaping the μ-ring. To simulate the motion of dust in the Mab/μ-ring system, we developed a numerical toolbox (Dustsim; Kumar et al., 2015) that uses Tudat (Kumar et al., 2012). We performed integrations using Dustsim that included the effects of Uranus' gravity field, titled magnetic moment, solar radiation pressure, and collisions with a putative suite of large μ-ring bodies, hypothesized as the cause of Mab's anomalous orbital motion (Kumar et al., 2014). Following on from previous studies (e.g., Sfair and Giuliatti Winter, 2009; Sfair and Giuliatti Winter, 2012), we present a survey of the expected lifetime of μ-ring dust, as a function of

  13. Synergistic action of cinnamaldehyde with silver nanoparticles against spore-forming bacteria: a case for judicious use of silver nanoparticles for antibacterial applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghosh IN

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Indro Neil Ghosh,1,* Supriya Deepak Patil,1,* Tarun Kumar Sharma,1,2 Santosh Kumar Srivastava,1 Ranjana Pathania,1 Naveen Kumar Navani11Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee, Uttarakhand, 2Center for Biodesign and Diagnostics, Translational Health Science and Technology Institute, Gurgaon Haryana, India*These authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: Silver has long been advocated as an effective antimicrobial. However, toxicity issues with silver have led to limited use of silver in nanoform, especially for food preservation. With the aim of exploring combinatorial options that could increase the antibacterial potency of silver nanoparticles and reduce the effective dosage of silver, we evaluated the extent of synergy that a combination of silver nanoparticles and an essential oil representative (cinnamaldehyde could offer. A battery of gram-positive and gram-negative bacterial strains was utilized for antibacterial assays, and extents of synergism were calculated from fractional inhibitory concentration indices. The activity of nanoparticles was greatly enhanced when utilized in the presence of cinnamaldehyde. We observed combinatorial effects that were strongly additive against all the bacterial strains tested, and genuine synergy was found against spore forming Bacillus cereus and Clostridium perfringens – bacterial strains associated with release of cytotoxins in contaminated food and known for their persistence. Bacterial kill curve analysis revealed a very fast bactericidal action when a combination of two agents was used. The electron and atomic force microscopy also revealed extensive damage to the bacterial cell envelop in the presence of both agents. We also performed hemolysis assays to investigate and approximate the extent of toxicity exhibited by the two agents, and observed no adverse effect at the concentrations required for synergy. This study shows that safe levels of silver in

  14. Saline volume expansion and cardiovascular physiology: novel observations, old explanations, and new questions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robotham, James L

    2004-10-01

    In a clinical investigation, Kumar and coworkers reported the hemodynamic events that accompany plasma volume expansion over 3 hours in healthy adult volunteers, and found that increases in stroke volume (SV) may be related to increases in left ventricular (LV)/right ventricular (RV) end-diastolic volume, as they expected, but also to decreases in LV/RV end-systolic volume. The latter finding suggests increased contractility and/or decreased afterload, which do not fit with their perception that clinicians ascribe increases in SV to increases in end-diastolic volume based on Starling's work. Increased ejection fraction and decreased vascular resistances were also observed. The same authors recently reported novel data suggesting that reduced blood viscosity may account for the observed reduction in vascular resistances with saline volume expansion. However, the variances in preload and afterload, along with uncertainty in estimates of contractility, substantially limit their ability to define a primary mechanism to explain decreases in LV end-systolic volume. A focus on using ejection fraction to evaluate the integrated performance of the cardiovascular system is provided to broaden this analytic perspective. Sagawa and colleagues described an approach to estimate the relationship, under clinical conditions, between ventricular and arterial bed elastances (i.e. maximal ventricular systolic elastance [Emax] and maximal arterial systolic elastance [Ea]), reflecting ventricular-arterial coupling. I used the mean data provided in one of the reports from Kumar and coworkers to calculate that LV Emax decreased from 1.09 to 0.96 mmHg/ml with saline volume expansion, while Ea decreased from 1.1 to 0.97 mmHg/ml and the SV increased (i.e. the increase in mean SV was associated with a decrease in mean afterload while the mean contractility decreased). The results reported by Kumar and coworkers invite further studies in normal and critically ill patients during acute saline

  15. Type 2 diabetes in a central Indian population: association with PPARG2 P121A allele but not ENPP1 K121Q

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tripathi AK

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Arvind Kumar Tripathi,1 Smriti Shukla,1 Mrigendra Kumar Dwivedi,1 Jitendra Kumar Tripathi,1 Ugam Kumari Chauhan,1 Manoj Indurkar,2 Shivam Singh1 1Centre for Biotechnology Studies, Awdhesh Pratap Singh University, 2Department of Medicine, Shyam Shah Medical College, Rewa, India Background: It is known that genetic and environmental factors may influence susceptibility to type 2 diabetes and its complications. Objective: In the investigation reported here we selected the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR G2 (rs1801282 and ENPP1, also called PC-1 (rs1044498 gene polymorphisms to determine whether there is a genetic association between these, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. We also examined and environmental factors influencing type 2 diabetes. Design and methods: The study was carried out on a central Indian population of 190 diabetics and 210 healthy controls. Anthropometric data were collected during sample collection. A genetic polymorphism study of PPARG2 and ENPP1 was undertaken using a polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism method and the observed genotype frequencies, allele frequencies, and carriage rates of the PPARG2 and ENPP1 polymorphisms were recorded. Results: The patterns of genotype and allele distribution in both groups suggested a significant association between PPARG2 Pro12Ala major allele A carriage (AA carriage and type 2 diabetes. Further, the results also show the protective effect of the minor allele G. Overall, we found that the distribution of ENPP1 K121Q genotypes was not significantly different between healthy controls and diabetic patients. Thus, ENPP1 polymorphism was not found to be associated with type 2 diabetes in a central Indian population. Body mass index was also found to be significantly higher in female diabetic patient group than in female healthy controls (P = 0.0388, while there was no significant difference in body mass index for males in the case group compared

  16. Estimation of pressure drop in gasket plate heat exchangers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neagu Anisoara Arleziana

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present comparatively different methods of pressure drop calculation in the gasket plate heat exchangers (PHEs, using correlations recommended in literature on industrial data collected from a vegetable oil refinery. The goal of this study was to compare the results obtained with these correlations, in order to choose one or two for practical purpose of pumping power calculations. We concluded that pressure drop values calculated with Mulley relationship and Buonopane & Troupe correlation were close and also Bond’s equation gave results pretty close to these but the pressure drop is slightly underestimated. Kumar correlation gave results far from all the others and its application will lead to oversize. In conclusion, for further calculations we will chose either the Mulley relationship or the Buonopane & Troupe correlation.

  17. Turing bifurcation in a reaction-diffusion system with density-dependent dispersal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Niraj; Horsthemke, Werner

    2010-05-01

    Motivated by the recent finding [N. Kumar, G.M. Viswanathan, V.M. Kenkre, Physica A 388 (2009) 3687] that the dynamics of particles undergoing density-dependent nonlinear diffusion shows sub-diffusive behaviour, we study the Turing bifurcation in a two-variable system with this kind of dispersal. We perform a linear stability analysis of the uniform steady state to find the conditions for the Turing bifurcation and compare it with the standard Turing condition in a reaction-diffusion system, where dispersal is described by simple Fickian diffusion. While activator-inhibitor kinetics are a necessary condition for the Turing instability as in standard two-variable systems, the instability can occur even if the diffusion constant of the inhibitor is equal to or smaller than that of the activator. We apply these results to two model systems, the Brusselator and the Gierer-Meinhardt model.

  18. Early and rapid globalization as part of innovation and growth strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zijdemans, Erik; Azimi, Zohreh; Tanev, Stoyan

    of technology start-ups as a specific growth strategy (Zijdemans & Tanev, 2014). Our research adopts a dynamic resource perspective according to which the distinction between ex-ante and ex-post value of resources (Schmidt & Keil, 2012) complements the effectual entrepreneurial approach, which is typical...... for start-ups that globalize rapidly in an environment with a high degree of uncertainty (Sarasvathy, Kumar, York, & Bhagavatula, 2014). The ex-ante valuation of resources (Schmidt & Keil, 2012) is related to the ex-post characteristics of BG firms (Tanev, 2012) resulting in a Global Value Generator (GVG......) – a framework linking the ex-ante value drivers and ex-post characteristics of BG firms. Our aim is to use the GVG to help innovative start-ups in making strategic ex-ante decisions contributing to the development of competitive global business models, complementary global resources and differentiated value...

  19. Consumer guidance in product innovation: Conceptualisation of a measurement instrument for the fast-moving consumer goods industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Costa, Ana I. A.

    -, and two decision criteria - long-term focus and profitability. Customer-orientation is defined as a sufficient understanding of one's target buyers and their needs to be able to continuously generate added value in their eyes. It encompasses customer commitment, creation of customer value, understanding......-orientation: a set of organizational activities that are related to the generation and dissemination of and responsiveness to market intelligence (Kohli, Jaworski & Kumar, 1993) Market-orientation comprises three behavioral components - customer-orientation, competitor-orientation and inter-functional coordination...... of customer needs, customer satisfaction objectives, customer satisfaction measures and after-sales service (Narver & Slater, 1990) But (1a) what are the concrete organizational activities pertaining to the generation/dissemination of responsiveness of market intelligence that are relevant to the customer...

  20. Estimation of Hurst Exponent for the Financial Time Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, J.; Manchanda, P.

    2009-07-01

    Till recently statistical methods and Fourier analysis were employed to study fluctuations in stock markets in general and Indian stock market in particular. However current trend is to apply the concepts of wavelet methodology and Hurst exponent, see for example the work of Manchanda, J. Kumar and Siddiqi, Journal of the Frankline Institute 144 (2007), 613-636 and paper of Cajueiro and B. M. Tabak. Cajueiro and Tabak, Physica A, 2003, have checked the efficiency of emerging markets by computing Hurst component over a time window of 4 years of data. Our goal in the present paper is to understand the dynamics of the Indian stock market. We look for the persistency in the stock market through Hurst exponent and fractal dimension of time series data of BSE 100 and NIFTY 50.

  1. Shape coexistence and the role of axial asymmetry in $^{72}$Ge

    CERN Document Server

    Ayangeakaa, A D; Wu, C Y; Allmond, J M; Wood, J L; Zhu, S; Albers, M; Almaras-Calderon, S; Bucher, B; Carpenter, M P; Chiara, C J; Cline, D; Crawford, H L; David, H M; Harker, J; Hayes, A B; Hoffman, C R; Kay, B P; Kolos, K; Korichi, A; Lauritsen, T; Macchiavelli, A O; Richard, A; Seweryniak, D; Wiens, A

    2016-01-01

    The quadrupole collectivity of low-lying states and the anomalous behavior of the $0^+_2$ and $2^+_3$ levels in $^{72}$Ge are investigated via projectile multi-step Coulomb excitation with GRETINA and CHICO-2. A total of forty six $E2$ and $M1$ matrix elements connecting fourteen low-lying levels were determined using the least-squares search code, gosia. Evidence for triaxiality and shape coexistence, based on the model-independent shape invariants deduced from the Kumar-Cline sum rule, is presented. These are interpreted using a simple two-state mixing model as well as multistate mixing calculations carried out within the framework of the triaxial rotor model. The results represent a significant milestone towards the understanding of the unusual structure of this nucleus.

  2. India joins the ISOLDE collaboration

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2012-01-01

    On 18 April India signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the ISOLDE collaboration, thus strengthening its links with CERN. Three experiments led by Indian scientists at ISOLDE have been recommended by the Research Board and will be performed in the coming months, and more projects are being designed for the future HIE-ISOLDE scientific programme.   Shaking hands: Rüdiger Voss (left), adviser for India in CERN’s International Relations Office, and SINP Director Milan Kumar Sanyal (right). Also photographed: ISOLDE spokesperson Yorick Blumenfeld, (centre left) and Sunanda Banerjee, head of high-energy at SINP (centre right).  The new Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed in Kolkata at the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP). India thus becomes the 15th member of the ISOLDE collaboration, after having signed similar collaboration documents with the CMS and ALICE experiments. “This agreement will a...

  3. A NEW TWIST IN THE EVOLUTION OF LOW-MASS STARS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Denissenkov, Pavel A., E-mail: pavelden@uvic.ca [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 3055, Victoria, BC V8W 3P6 (Canada)

    2012-07-01

    We show that the evolutionary track of a low-mass red giant should make an extended zigzag on the Hertzsprung-Russel diagram just after the bump luminosity if fast internal rotation and enhanced extra mixing in the radiative zone bring the temperature gradient close to the adiabatic one. This can explain both the location and peculiar surface chemical composition of Li-rich K giants studied by Kumar et al. We also discuss a striking resemblance between the photometric and composition peculiarities of these stars and giant components of RS CVn binaries. We demonstrate that the observationally constrained values of the temperature gradient in the Li-rich K giants agree with the required rate of extra mixing only if the turbulence that is believed to be responsible for this extra mixing is highly anisotropic, with its associated transport coefficients in the horizontal direction strongly dominating over those in the vertical direction.

  4. Distributed nitrate transport and reaction routines (NTR) inside the mesoscale Hydrological Model (mHM) framework: Development and Application in the Selke catchment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Sumit; Rode, Michael; Kumar, Rohini; Yang, Xiaoqiang; Samaniego, Luis; Borchardt, Dietrich

    2016-04-01

    Precise measurements of where, when and how much denitrification occurs on the basis of measurements alone persist to be vexing and intractable research problem at all spatial and temporal scales. As a result, models have become essential and vital tools for furthering our current understanding of the processes that control denitrification on catchment scale. Emplacement of Water Framework Directive (WFD) and continued efforts in improving water treatment facilities has resulted in alleviating the problems associated with point sources of pollution. However, the problem of eutrophication still persists and is primarily associated with the diffused sources of pollution originating from agricultural area. In this study, the nitrate transport and reaction (NTR) routines are developed inside the distributed mesoscale Hydrological Model (mHM www.ufz.de/mhm) which is a fully distributed hydrological model with a novel parameter regionalization scheme (Samaniego et al. 2010; Kumar et al. 2013) and has been applied to whole Europe (Rakovec et al. 2016) and numerous catchments worldwide. The aforementioned NTR model is applied to a mesoscale river basin, Selke (463 km2) located in central Germany. The NTR model takes in account the critical and pertinent processes like transformation in vadose zone, atmospheric deposition, plant uptake, instream denitrification and also simulates the process of manure and fertilizer application. Both streamflow routines and the NTR model are run on daily time steps. The split-sample approach was used for model calibration (1994-1999) and validation (2000-2004). Flow dynamics at three gauging stations located inside this catchment are successfully captured by the model with consistently high Nash-Sutcliffe Efficiency (NSE) of at least 0.8. Regarding nitrate estimates, the NSE values are greater than 0.7 for both validation and calibration periods. Finally, the NTR model is used for identifying the critical source areas (CSAs) that contribute

  5. SERC School on Computational Statistical Physics held at the Indian Institute of Technology

    CERN Document Server

    Ray, Purusattam

    2011-01-01

    The present book is an outcome of the SERC school on Computational Statistical Physics held at the Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati, in December 2008. Numerical experimentation has played an extremely important role in statistical physics in recent years. Lectures given at the School covered a large number of topics of current and continuing interest. Based on lectures by active researchers in the field- Bikas Chakrabarti, S Chaplot, Deepak Dhar, Sanjay Kumar, Prabal Maiti, Sanjay Puri, Purusattam Ray, Sitangshu Santra and Subir Sarkar- the nine chapters comprising the book deal with topics that range from the fundamentals of the field, to problems and questions that are at the very forefront of current research. This book aims to expose the graduate student to the basic as well as advanced techniques in computational statistical physics. Following a general introduction to statistical mechanics and critical phenomena, the various chapters cover Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulation methodolog...

  6. Suggestibility, expectancy, trance state effects, and hypnotic depth: I. Implications for understanding hypnotism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pekala, Ronald J; Kumar, V K; Maurer, Ronald; Elliott-Carter, Nancy; Moon, Edward; Mullen, Karen

    2010-04-01

    This paper reviews the relationships between trance or altered state effects, suggestibility, and expectancy as these concepts are defined in the theorizing of Weitzenhoffer (2002), Holroyd (2003), Kirsch (1991), and others, for the purpose of demonstrating how these concepts can be assessed with the PCI-HAP (Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory: Hypnotic Assessment Procedure; Pekala, 1995a, b). In addition, how the aforementioned variables may relate to the nature of hypnosis/hypnotism as a function of self-reported hypnotic depth are discussed, along with how the PCI-HAP may be used as a means to measure hypnotic responsivity from a more phenomenological state perspective, in contrast to more traditional behavioral trait assessment instruments like the Harvard, the Stanford C, or the HIP. A follow-up paper (Pekala, Kumar, Maurer, Elliott-Carter, Moon, & Mullen, 2010) will present research data on the PCI-HAP model and how this model can be useful for better understanding hypnotism.

  7. Hospitalitermes krishnai, a new nasute termite (Nasutitermitinae, Termitidae, Isoptera, from southern Sumatra, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syaukani Syaukani

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available A new species of nasute termite, Hospitalitermes krishnai sp. n., is described from soldiers and workers discovered in Lampung Province, Sumatra. This species can be distinguished from other related Hospitalitermes species from Southeast Asia by the anterior part of head capsule that is much smaller than the posterior part, head capsule that is moderately constricted behind the antennal sockets, and relatively deep depression between the head and nasus and, finally, the short and robust nasus measuring less than half as long as head capsule. Moreover, in profile the nasus is slightly up-curved but slightly decurved at the apical tip. We name this new species after Professor Kumar Krishna in recognition of his life-long contributions to termite taxonomy, systematics and biology.

  8. Routing in opportunistic networks

    CERN Document Server

    Dhurandher, Sanjay; Anpalagan, Alagan; Vasilakos, Athanasios

    2013-01-01

    This book provides a comprehensive guide to selected topics, both ongoing and emerging, in routing in OppNets. The book is edited by worldwide technical leaders, prolific researchers and outstanding academics, Dr. Isaac Woungang and co-editors, Dr. Sanjay Kumar Dhurandher, Prof. Alagan Anpalagan and Prof. Athanasios Vasilakos. Consisting of contributions from well known and high profile researchers and scientists in their respective specialties, the main topics that are covered in this book include mobility and routing, social-aware routing, context-based routing, energy-aware routing, incentive-aware routing, stochastic routing, modeling of intermittent connectivity, in both infrastructure and infrastructure-less OppNets. Key Features: Discusses existing and emerging techniques for routing in infrastructure and infrastructure-less OppNets. Provides a unified covering of otherwise disperse selected topics on routing in infrastructure and infrastructure-less OppNets.  Includes a set of PowerPoint slides and g...

  9. Urbanization, urban climate and influence of vegetation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feyisa, Gudina Legese

    countries, intensifying areas of impervious surfaces and shrinking of green spaces within cities and the surrounding landscape (Jorgenson et al. 2010; Kumar et al. 2010). Despite a large and increasing literature on the problems of urban environmental changes, a limited amount of such research has addressed......This PhD thesis deals with urbanization-induced changes in land use/cover (LULC), associated local-level warming and the role of vegetation in mitigating the local thermal climate change in cities of Ethiopia. The thesis consists of four research papers that address these environmental changes...... and consequent problems. Through these papers, the project contributes to: 1) the science of remote sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS) by introducing methods that improve LULC classification accuracies, and an improved method of spatial thermal climate analyses, 2) better understanding of urban...

  10. Strategic Design as Agile Driver in Innovating SME´s

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ludvigsen, Martin; Rasmussen, Jørgen

    2012-01-01

    perspectives into the fundamental thinking about the company and its sustaining business model itself. Most research on the topic of strategic design (e.g. Heijden, 2005, Kumar 2004) have been focused on designers working with large, global corporations, changing these organizations’ view on product...... development or their approach to market and consumer insights. Design thinking has been promoted as an alternative way of experimenting, developing and changing perspectives, and at a fundamental level present alternative ways of thinking and developing new business models and products. It is widely accepted...... of the approach itself is a crucial interface between academic research and the business/practice culture. In the author’s view, research into strategic design should include participation in actual corporate context. Research-through-design Research through design (RtD) is a constructive research approach...

  11. 印度对美国可能含转基因成分援助食品进口的控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江树勋; 陈文炳; 邵碧英

    2004-01-01

    自2002年以来,印度成了发展中国家引进转基因作物并进行商业化种植的领头羊之一,它不但批准了转基因棉花的商业化种植,还计划到2004年左右引进至少6种的商业化转基因作物。印度生物技术部(DBT)的主任顾问PRsanta Kumar Ghosh以及其中一位主要成员认为只要能证明转基因作物的引进对人民和环境是安全的,那么就应该去欢迎这些转基因生物(GMOs)。

  12. Computationally Driven Two-Dimensional Materials Design: What Is Next?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pan, Jie [Materials Science; Lany, Stephan [Materials Science; Qi, Yue [Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, United States

    2017-07-17

    Two-dimensional (2D) materials offer many key advantages to innovative applications, such as spintronics and quantum information processing. Theoretical computations have accelerated 2D materials design. In this issue of ACS Nano, Kumar et al. report that ferromagnetism can be achieved in functionalized nitride MXene based on first-principles calculations. Their computational results shed light on a potentially vast group of materials for the realization of 2D magnets. In this Perspective, we briefly summarize the promising properties of 2D materials and the role theory has played in predicting these properties. In addition, we discuss challenges and opportunities to boost the power of computation for the prediction of the 'structure-property-process (synthesizability)' relationship of 2D materials.

  13. The physics of disordered systems

    CERN Document Server

    Ray, Purusattam

    2012-01-01

    Disordered systems are ubiquitous in nature and their study remains a profound and challenging subject of current research. Ideas and methods from the physics of Disordered systems have been fruitfully applied to several fields ranging from computer science to neuroscience. This book contains a selection of lectures delivered at the 'SERC School on Disordered Systems', spanning topics from classic results to frontier areas of research in this field. Spin glasses, disordered Ising models, quantum disordered systems, structural glasses, dilute magnets, interfaces in random field systems and disordered vortex systems are among the topics discussed in the text, in chapters authored by active researchers in the field, including Bikas Chakrabarti, Arnab Das, Deepak Kumar, Gautam Menon, G. Ravikumar, Purusattam Ray, Srikanth Sastry and Prabodh Shukla. This book provides a gentle and comprehensive introduction to the physics of disordered systems and is aimed at graduate students and young scientists either working i...

  14. Orientação para Aprendizagem, Orientação para Mercado e Desempenho Organizacional: Evidências Empíricas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Botti Abbade

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to identify how learning orientation (LO and market orientation (MO influence theperformance of enterprises in the central region of the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS, Brazil. The method usedinvolved a survey of 123 companies in central RS. The instrument for data collection was developed using theLO scale (Sinkula, Baker, & Noordewier, 1997, the MARKOR scale (Kohli, Jaworski, & Kumar, 1993 anditems for evaluation of organizational performance proposed by Narver and Slater (1990 and Baker and Sinkula(1999. The results suggest that MO has a significant positive influence on the organizational performance of thecompanies surveyed. It was also noted that the MO significantly influences organizational performance whenmediated by the LO, just as the LO has a significant influence on organizational performance when mediated byMO.

  15. [Collagenous colitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindström, C G

    1991-05-01

    Collagenous colitis is now regarded by an overwhelming majority of authors as a clinicopathological entity and has been taken up as a such in many text-books and diagnostic atlases (Morson & Dawson, 1990, Fenoglio-Preiser et al., 1989, Whitehead 1985, Whitehead 1989). A good, detailed review of cases of collagenous colitis published up to 1988 was performed by Perri et al. Collagenous colitis was also presented to a wider medical public through a clinicopathological conference case at Massachusetts General Hospital (Case 29-1988). Finally it may be added that collagenous colitis has been included in the new fourth edition of Robbins Pathologic Basis of Disease (Cotran, Kumar, Robbins, 1989), where the possibility of an autoimmune disease is stressed.

  16. Larsenianthus, a new Asian genus of Gingers (Zingiberaceae with four species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. John Kress

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Larsenianthus W.J.Kress & Mood, gen. nov. is described with one new combination and three new species. Larsenianthus careyanus (Benth. W.J.Kress & Mood, comb. nov., is widespread in India and present-day Bangladesh; L. wardianus W.J.Kress, Thet Htun & Bordelon, sp. nov., is from upper Myanmar in Kachin State; L. assamensis S.Dey, Mood, & S.Choudhury, sp. nov., is restricted to Assam, India; and L. arunachalensis M.Sabu, Sanoj & T.Rajesh Kumar, sp. nov., has only been found in Arunachal Pradesh, India. A phylogenetic analysis using the plastid trnK intron and nuclear ITS DNA sequence data indicates that the four species of Larsenianthus form a monophyletic lineage that is sister to Hedychium, a geographically widespread genus of about 50 species in tribe Zingibereae of subfamily Zingiberoideae. A dichotomous key and three-locus DNA barcodes are provided as aids for the identification of the four species of Larsenianthus.

  17. Early and rapid globalization as part of innovation and growth strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zijdemans, Erik; Azimi, Zohreh; Tanev, Stoyan

    for start-ups that globalize rapidly in an environment with a high degree of uncertainty (Sarasvathy, Kumar, York, & Bhagavatula, 2014). The ex-ante valuation of resources (Schmidt & Keil, 2012) is related to the ex-post characteristics of BG firms (Tanev, 2012) resulting in a Global Value Generator (GVG......This paper emphasizes the role of early and rapid globalization of technology start-ups as part of their innovation and growth strategies. It suggests a framework linking the ex-ante value of new technology firms and the ex-post characteristics of born global (BG) firms. We were inspired by Knight...... of technology start-ups as a specific growth strategy (Zijdemans & Tanev, 2014). Our research adopts a dynamic resource perspective according to which the distinction between ex-ante and ex-post value of resources (Schmidt & Keil, 2012) complements the effectual entrepreneurial approach, which is typical...

  18. Investigating the Nanoparticles Penetration Efficiency through Horizontal Tubes Using an Experimental Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhaoqin Yin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available It is a complex transfer process of nanoparticles in a tube. In this paper, in order to quantify the penetration efficiency of nanoparticles in different flows condition through horizontal tubes, the experiments have been carried out with particles diameter between 6 nm and 560 nm in various lengths of sampling tube. The results were in good agreement with the theory of Gormley and Kennedy and the experiment results of Kumar et al. for particles size smaller than 100 nm. Particles penetration rate increases with increasing of the Schmidt number (Sc, and it decreases with increasing Reynolds and tube length. Particles deposition on the wall induces the changes of the mass and average diameter of particles continuously. Therefore, a nondimensional parameter (ς defined dependency on Reynolds number and particle residence time in tube has been used to express total mass penetration efficiency and mean size growth rate through a straight tube.

  19. International Conference on Modern Mathematical Methods and High Performance Computing in Science and Technology

    CERN Document Server

    Srivastava, HM; Venturino, Ezio; Resch, Michael; Gupta, Vijay

    2016-01-01

    The book discusses important results in modern mathematical models and high performance computing, such as applied operations research, simulation of operations, statistical modeling and applications, invisibility regions and regular meta-materials, unmanned vehicles, modern radar techniques/SAR imaging, satellite remote sensing, coding, and robotic systems. Furthermore, it is valuable as a reference work and as a basis for further study and research. All contributing authors are respected academicians, scientists and researchers from around the globe. All the papers were presented at the international conference on Modern Mathematical Methods and High Performance Computing in Science & Technology (M3HPCST 2015), held at Raj Kumar Goel Institute of Technology, Ghaziabad, India, from 27–29 December 2015, and peer-reviewed by international experts. The conference provided an exceptional platform for leading researchers, academicians, developers, engineers and technocrats from a broad range of disciplines ...

  20. Additions to the Knowledge of the Genus Phimenes (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Eumeninae from Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lien Thi Phuong

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The solitary wasp genus Phimenes Giordani Soika, 1992 (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Eumeninae was reported to occur in Vietnam by van der Vecht (1959, represented by one taxon, Phimenes flavopictus continentalis (Zimmermann, which was synonymized under nominotypical Phimenes flavopictus (Blanchard, 1849 by Kumar (2013. A note on gender of this genus is made in the text. One more species, Phimenes indosinensis (van der Vecht, 1959 is recorded in this study from Dak Lak in the southern and Son La in the northwestern parts of Vietnam for the first time. Detailed descriptions of the female and male of the latter are provided with figures. A key to the two species from Vietnam is also provided.

  1. Relation of tolerance of ambiguity to global and specific paranormal experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houran, J; Williams, C

    1998-12-01

    We examined the relationship of tolerance of ambiguity to severe global factors and specific types of anomalous or paranormal experience. 107 undergraduate students completed MacDonald's 1970 AT-20 and the Anomalous Experiences Inventory of Kumar, Pekala, and Gallagher. Scores on the five subscales of the Anomalous Experiences Inventory correlated differently with tolerance of ambiguity. Global paranormal beliefs, abilities, experiences, and drug use were positively associated with tolerance of ambiguity, whereas a fear of paranormal experience showed a negative relation. The specific types of anomalous experiences that correlated with tolerance of ambiguity often involved internal or physiological experience, e.g., precognitive dreams, memories of reincarnation, visual apparitions, and vestibular alterations. We generally found no effects of age of sex. These results are consistent with the idea that some paranormal experiences are misattributions of internal experience to external ('paranormal') sources, a process analogous to mechanisms underpinning delusions and hallucinations.

  2. Tularemia vaccine development: paralysis or progress?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunagar R

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Raju Sunagar, Sudeep Kumar, Brian J Franz, Edmund J Gosselin Center for Immunology and Microbial Disease, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, USA Abstract: Francisella tularensis (Ft is a gram-negative intercellular pathogen and category A biothreat agent. However, despite 15 years of strong government investment and intense research focused on the development of a US Food and Drug Administration-approved vaccine against Ft, the primary goal remains elusive. This article reviews research efforts focused on developing an Ft vaccine, as well as a number of important factors, some only recently recognized as such, which can significantly impact the development and evaluation of Ft vaccine efficacy. Finally, an assessment is provided as to whether a US Food and Drug Administration-approved Ft vaccine is likely to be forthcoming and the potential means by which this might be achieved. Keywords: Sex bias, media impact, differential protection, cellular immunity, humoral immunity

  3. A New Achievable Rate and the Capacity of Some Classes of Multilevel Relay Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Aref

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available A new achievable rate based on a partial decoding scheme is proposed for the multilevel relay network. A novel application of regular encoding and backward decoding is presented to implement the proposed rate. In our scheme, the relays are arranged in feed-forward structure from the source to the destination. Each relay in the network decodes only part of the transmitted message by the previous relay. The proposed scheme differs from general parity forwarding scheme in which each relay selects some relays in the network but decodes all messages of the selected relays. It is also shown that in some cases higher rates can be achieved by the proposed scheme than previously known by Xie and Kumar. For the classes of semideterministic and orthogonal relay networks, the proposed achievable rate is shown to be the exact capacity. The application of the defined networks is very well understood in wireless networking scenarios.

  4. Modified Newton's rings: II

    CERN Document Server

    Chaitanya, T Sai; Krishna, V Sai; Anandh, B Shankar; Umesh, K S

    2010-01-01

    In an earlier work (Shankar kumar Jha, A Vyas, O S K S Sastri, Rajkumar Jain & K S Umesh, 'Determination of wavelength of laser light using Modified Newton's rings setup', Physics Education, vol. 22, no.3, 195-202(2005)) reported by our group, a version of Newton's rings experiment called Modified Newton's rings was proposed. The present work is an extension of this work. Here, a general formula for wavelength has been derived, applicable for a plane of observation at any distance. A relation between the focal length and the radius curvature is also derived for a plano-convex lens which is essentially used as a concave mirror. Tracker, a video analysis software, freely downloadable from the net, is employed to analyze the fringes captured using a CCD camera. Two beams which give rise to interference fringes in conventional Newton's rings and in the present setup are clearly distinguished.

  5. A case of choroidal osteoma in a 10-year-old child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Behera M

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Madhusmita Behera,1 Manmath Kumar Das2 1Rotary Narayana Nethralaya, Kolkata, India; 2Vitreo-Retina Services, CL Gupta Eye Institute, Moradabad, India Abstract: Choroidal osteoma is a rare, benign tumor, usually diagnosed in healthy adult women in their second or third decade of life. Though its etiology and pathogenesis are unclear, it is usually diagnosed due to its typical clinical features of yellowish-orange colored subretinal lesion at posterior pole and a dense echogenic plaque persisting even in lower gains on B-scan ultrasonography. Mostly unilateral (79%, the median age of diagnosis is 26 years. It is relatively rare in children. We report a case of choroidal osteoma in a 10-year-old boy. Keywords: choroidal osteoma, choroidal osseous choristoma, choroidal tumor

  6. CUDA programs for solving the time-dependent dipolar Gross-Pitaevskii equation in an anisotropic trap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lončar, Vladimir; Balaž, Antun; Bogojević, Aleksandar; Škrbić, Srdjan; Muruganandam, Paulsamy; Adhikari, Sadhan K.

    2016-03-01

    In this paper we present new versions of previously published numerical programs for solving the dipolar Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation including the contact interaction in two and three spatial dimensions in imaginary and in real time, yielding both stationary and non-stationary solutions. New versions of programs were developed using CUDA toolkit and can make use of Nvidia GPU devices. The algorithm used is the same split-step semi-implicit Crank-Nicolson method as in the previous version (Kishor Kumar et al., 2015), which is here implemented as a series of CUDA kernels that compute the solution on the GPU. In addition, the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) library used in the previous version is replaced by cuFFT library, which works on CUDA-enabled GPUs. We present speedup test results obtained using new versions of programs and demonstrate an average speedup of 12-25, depending on the program and input size.

  7. Desarrollo humano y capacidades. Aplicaciones de la teoría de las capacidades de Amartya Sen a la educación

    OpenAIRE

    Cejudo Córdoba, Rafael

    2006-01-01

    El artículo ofrece un examen crítico de la concepción de la educación implícita en la teoría de las capacidades de Amartya Kumar Sen, uno de los padres del «desarrollo humano» y Premio Nobel de economía en 1998. Tras comparar la función de la educación en las teorías del desarrollo humano y del capital humano, se investigan las aplicaciones educativas de las capacidades más allá del desarrollo socio-económico, concretamente en la relación entre libertad y educación, y en la calidad educat...

  8. Taxonomic notes on the species of the genus Anterhynchium de Saussure, 1863 (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Eumeninae) from Vietnam, with description of a new species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Lien Thi Phuong

    2015-02-02

    A taxonomic study on the solitary wasps in the vespid genus Anterhynchium de Saussure, 1863, from Vietnam is presented. One species previously identified as A. (Anterhynchium) abdominale abdominale (Illiger, 1802) is described as new, namely A. punctatum Nguyen, sp. nov. Antechynchium (Dirhynchium) flavolineatum flavolineatum (Smith, 1857) and A. (Dirhynchium) flavomarginatum flavomarginatum (Smith, 1852) are newly recorded from Vietnam. New synonymy is proposed for A. flavolineatum flavolineatum (Smith, 1857) =A. flavolineatum malaisei van der Vecht, 1963, syn. nov. A. coracinum van der Vecht sensu Girish Kumar (2013) is a misidentification of A. f. flavomarginatum (Smith), and the record of this species from Pakistan and India belongs to A. f. flavolineatum. A key to species of the genus from Vietnam is provided. 

  9. Innovation, market orientation and performance in the local embryonic productive arrangement of clothing in Londrina/PR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano Palhares Galão

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This research analyzes the impact on both the innovation and market orientation related to the companies’ performance of the local productive arrangement of clothing in Londrina. It identifies the rank of market orientation through the Markor scale, elaborated by Kohli, Jaworski and Kumar (1993 and the product innovation implementation, process and organizational innovations. The chosen method is the survey, involving a sample of 62 companies, and to proceed with the data analysis we use the coefficient of correlation of Pearson and the Clusters Analysis. The main results are: a the companies are highly market oriented; b the innovative behavior of the arrangement is low; c the launching of new products has been the most innovative practice used by the companies; d the market orientation and innovation contribute to the income growth and to the return of investment of the clothing industries in Londrina.

  10. 消费者在线信任的影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴少微

    2006-01-01

    @@ 一、引言 信任一直是学术界热衷于讨论的话题之一,它在保障商务活动正常进行中发挥着重要的作用.信任是企业进行交互的基本前提(Kumar 1996),它可以节省交易费用,降低交易成本(Wicks et al. 1999),有助于双方建立起长期的交易关系(Ganesan,1994),甚至可以创建企业赖以生存和活动的社会环境(Lewis and Weigert 1985;Luhmann 1979).

  11. Preface: STATPHYS-Kolkata VII

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharjee, Jayanta Kumar; Chakrabarti, Bikas K.; Inoue, Jun-Ichi; Sen, Parongama

    2011-04-01

    In the past two decades, a series of international conferences on Statistical Physics, going by the name Statphys Kolkata, have been organized in Kolkata (previously Calcutta) at roughly three-year intervals, the first one being held in 1992-93. The seventh of this series, Statphys Kolkata VII (http://www.saha.ac.in/cmp/stat.vii/index.php) was held from 26-30 November 2010. This meeting was organized as part of the Silver Jubilee Celebration of the Satyendra Nath Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Kolkata, in collaboration with the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata. In Statphys Kolkata VII, a few topics of current interest such as Collective behavior and emergent phenomena, Systems far from equilibrium, Soft matter, and Quantum critical phenomena were given special emphasis, while various other issues of Statistical Physics were also addressed. We were happy to note that the conference attracted a large number of participants, and the talk and poster sessions generated a lot of discussions, arguments and collaborations. The articles appearing in this proceedings are based on the invited talks and selected poster presentations. We would like to thank the Journal of Physics Conference Series, IOP, for publishing the proceedings of the conference, and the referees for their prompt and active support. The proceedings of the earlier Statphys Kolkata conferences have appeared in Physica A, vol 384 (2007); Physica A, vol 346 (2005); Physica A, vol 318 (2003); Physica A, vol 270 (1999); Physica A, vol 224 (1996); and Physica A, vol 186 (1992). We would like to take this opportunity to thank all the members of the organizing committee (especially Dr Anjan Kumar Chandra for extensive all-round help), and acknowledge the Centre for Applied Mathematics and Computational Science (CAMCS, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata) and Satyendra Nath Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Kolkata, for their financial support. Jayanta Kumar Bhattacharjee, Bikas K

  12. Seasonal Scale Convective-Stratiform Pricipitation Variabilities at Tropics

    Science.gov (United States)

    S, Sreekanth T.

    begin{center} Large Seasonal Scale Convective-Stratiform Pricipitation Variabilities at Tropics Sreekanth T S*, Suby Symon*, G. Mohan Kumar (1) and V Sasi Kumar (2) *Centre for Earth Science Studies, Akkulam, Thiruvananthapuram (1) D-330, Swathi Nagar, West Fort, Thiruvananthapuram 695023 (2) 32. NCC Nagar Peroorkada, Thiruvananthapuram ABSTRACT This study investigates the variabilities of convective and stratiform rainfall from 2011 to 2013 at a tropical coastal station in three seasons viz Pre-Monsoon (March-May), Monsoon (June-September) and Post-Monsoon (October-December). Understanding the climatological variability of these two dominant forms of precipitation and their implications in the total rainfall were the main objectives of this investigation. Variabilities in the frequency & duration of events, rain rate & total number of rain drops distribution in different events and the accumulated amount of rain water were analysed. Based on the ground & radar observations from optical & impact disdrometers, Micro Rain Radar and Atmospheric Electric Field Mill, precipitation events were classified into convective and stratiform in three seasons. Classification was done by the method followed by Testud et al (2001) and as an additional information electrical behaviour of clouds from Atmospheric Electric Field Mill is also used. Events which could not be included in both types were termed as 'mixed precipitation' and were included separately. Diurnal variability of the total rainfall in each seasons were also examined. For both convective and stratiform rainfall there exist distinct day-night differences. During nocturnal hours convective rain draged more attention. In all seasons almost 70% of rain duration and 60% of rain events of convective origin were confined to nocturnal hours. But stratiform rain was not affected by diurnal variations greatly because night time occurrences of stratiform duration and events were less than 50%. Also in Monsoon above 35% of

  13. Micro-Physical characterisation of Convective & Stratiform Rainfall at Tropics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sreekanth, T. S.

    Large Micro-Physical characterisation of Convective & Stratiform Rainfall at Tropics begin{center} begin{center} Sreekanth T S*, Suby Symon*, G. Mohan Kumar (1) , and V Sasi Kumar (2) *Centre for Earth Science Studies, Akkulam, Thiruvananthapuram (1) D-330, Swathi Nagar, West Fort, Thiruvananthapuram 695023 (2) 32. NCC Nagar, Peroorkada, Thiruvananthapuram ABSTRACT Micro-physical parameters of rainfall such as rain drop size & fall speed distribution, mass weighted mean diameter, Total no. of rain drops, Normalisation parameters for rain intensity, maximum & minimum drop diameter from different rain intensity ranges, from both stratiform and convective rain events were analysed. Convective -Stratiform classification was done by the method followed by Testud et al (2001) and as an additional information electrical behaviour of clouds from Atmospheric Electric Field Mill was also used. Events which cannot be included in both types are termed as 'mixed precipitation' and identified separately. For the three years 2011, 2012 & 2013, rain events from both convective & stratiform origin are identified from three seasons viz Pre-Monsoon (March-May), Monsoon (June-September) and Post-Monsoon (October-December). Micro-physical characterisation was done for each rain events and analysed. Ground based and radar observations were made and classification of stratiform and convective rainfall was done by the method followed by Testud et al (2001). Radar bright band and non bright band analysis was done for confimation of stratifom and convective rain respectievely. Atmospheric electric field data from electric field mill is also used for confirmation of convection during convective events. Statistical analyses revealed that the standard deviation of rain drop size in higher rain rates are higher than in lower rain rates. Normalised drop size distribution is ploted for selected events from both forms. Inter relations between various precipitation parameters were analysed in three

  14. Monogenoidea (Polyonchoinea: Dactylogyridae) parasitizing the gills of marine catfish (Siluriformes: Ariidae) inhabiting the Atlantic Amazon Coast of Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domingues, Marcus V; Soares, Geusivam B; Watanabe, Alana

    2016-06-23

    Neotetraonchus Bravo-Hollis, 1968 and its type-species, Neomurraytrematoides proops Zambrano & Añez 1993 was transferred to Neotetraonchus as Neotetraonchus proops (Zambrano & Añez 1993) n. comb. The morphology of the haptoral structures supports the transfer of Rhamnocercus seenghali Kumar, 2013 to Chauhanellus as Chauhanellus seenghali (Kumar, 2013) n. comb.

  15. Indoor inhalation dose estimates due to radon and thoron in some areas of South-Western Punjab, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Sanjeev; Singh, Surinder; Bajwa, Bikramjit Singh; Singh, Bhupinder; Sabharwal, Arvind D; Eappen, K P

    2012-08-01

    LR-115 (type II)-based radon-thoron discriminating twin-chamber dosemeters have been used for estimating radon ((222)Rn) and thoron ((220)Rn) concentrations in dwellings of south-western Punjab, India. The present study region has shown pronounced cases of cancer incidents in the public [Thakur, Rao, Rajwanshi, Parwana and Kumar (Epidemiological study of high cancer among rural agricultural community of Punjab in Northern India. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2008; 5(5):399-407) and Kumar et al. (Risk assessment for natural uranium in subsurface water of Punjab state, India. Hum Ecol Risk Assess 2011;17:381-93)]. Radon being a carcinogen has been monitored in some dwellings selected randomly in the study area. Results show that the values of radon ((222)Rn)  varied from 21 to 79 Bq m(-3), with a geometric mean of 45 Bq m(-3) [geometric standard deviation (GSD 1.39)], and those of thoron ((220)Rn)  from minimum detection level to 58 Bq m(-3) with a geometric mean of 19 Bq m(-3) (GSD 1.88). Bare card data are used for computing the progeny concentration by deriving the equilibrium factor (F) using a root finding method [Mayya, Eappen and Nambi (Methodology for mixed field inhalation dosimetry in monazite areas using a twin-cup dosemeter with three track detectors. Radiat Prot Dosim 1998;77(3):177-84)]. Inhalation doses have been calculated and compared using UNSCEAR equilibrium factors and by using the calculated F-values. The results show satisfactory comparison between the values.

  16. Calculation of chemical potentials of chain molecules by the incremental gauge cell method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen, Christopher J.; Vishnyakov, Aleksey; Neimark, Alexander V.

    2011-12-01

    The gauge cell Monte Carlo method is extended to calculations of the incremental chemical potentials and free energies of linear chain molecules. The method was applied to chains of Lennard-Jones beads with stiff harmonic bonds up to 500 monomers in length. We show that the suggested method quantitatively reproduces the modified Widom particle insertion method of Kumar et al. [S. K. Kumar, I. Szleifer, and A. Z. Panagiotopoulos, Phys. Rev. Lett. 66(22), 2935 (1991)], 10.1103/PhysRevLett.66.2935, and is by an order of magnitude more efficient for long chains in terms of the computational time required for the same accuracy of chemical potential calculations. The chain increment ansatz, which suggests that the incremental chemical potential is independent of the chain length, was tested at different temperatures. We confirmed that the ansatz holds only for coils above the θ temperature. Special attention is paid to the effects of the magnitude of adsorption potential and temperature on the behavior of single chains in confinements that are comparable in size with the free chain radius of gyration. At sufficiently low temperatures, the dependence of the incremental chemical potential on the chain length in wetting pores is superficially similar to a capillary condensation isotherm, reflecting monolayer formation following by pore volume filling, as the chain length increases. We find that the incremental gauge cell method is an accurate and efficient technique for calculations of the free energies of chain molecules in bulk systems and nanoconfinements alike. The suggested method may find practical applications, such as modeling polymer partitioning on porous substrates and dynamics of chain translocation into nanopores.

  17. Selected Abstracts of the 1st Congress of joint European Neonatal Societies (jENS 2015; Budapest (Hungary; September 16-20, 2015; Session “Ethics and limitations to care”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Various Authors

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Selected Abstracts of the 1st Congress of joint European Neonatal Societies (jENS 2015; Budapest (Hungary; September 16-20, 2015ORGANIZING INSTITUTIONSEuropean Society for Neonatology (ESN, European Society for Paediatric Research (ESPR, Union of European Neonatal & Perinatal Societies (UENPS, European Foundation for the Care of Newborn Infants (EFCNI, with the local host of Hungarian Society of Perinatology and Obstetric Anesthesiology, Hungarian Society of Perinatology (MPT, supported by Council of International Neonatal Nurses (COINN, organizing secretariat MCA Scientific EventsPROGRAMME COMMITTEEArtúr Beke (Hungarian Society, Morten Breindahl (ESN, Giuseppe Buonocore (UENPS, Pierre Gressens (ESPR, Silke Mader (EFCNI, Manuel Sánchez Luna (UENPS, Miklós Szabó (Hungarian Society of Perinatology, Luc Zimmermann (ESPR Session “Ethics and limitations to care”ABS 1. METHODS TO DERIVE UTILITIES FOR PEDIATRIC DISABILITY IN A DEVELOPING COUNTRY • E. Spiegel, I. Brajkovic, S. Jondhale, J. Partridge, V. Bhutani, P. KumarABS 2.UTILITIES FOR DISABILITY IN A DEVELOPING COUNTRY: PROVIDER PERSPECTIVES • S. Jondhale, E. Spiegel, I. Brajkovic, J. Partridge, V. Bhutani, P. KumarABS 3.LIMITING LIFE SUSTAINING TREATMENT FOR NEWBORN INFANTS: THE WILST STUDY • N. Aladangady, C. Shaw, K. Gallagher, E. Stokoe, N. Marlow for Collaborator GroupABS 4.NEONATAL ORGAN DONATION IN SCOTLAND • L. Leven, N. Healy, K. O’ReillyABS 5.GLOBAL PREVENTION OF Rh-SENSITIZATION: AN INTERACTIVE, COMMUNITY-CENTERED SOCIAL PLATFORM • A.R. Stark, J.Y. Hall, A. Zipursky, V.K. Bhutani

  18. Prescribing knowledge in the light of undergraduate clinical pharmacology and therapeutics teaching in India: views of first-year postgraduate students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Upadhyaya P

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Prerna Upadhyaya,1 Vikas Seth,2 Monika Sharma,1 Mushtaq Ahmed,1 Vijay Vasant Moghe,1 Zafar Yab Khan,1 Vinay Kumar Gupta,1 Shipra Vikram Jain,1 Utkarsh Soni,1 Manohar Bhatia,1 Kumar Abhijit,1 Jaswant Goyal11Department of Pharmacology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College, Jaipur, 2Department of Pharmacology, Hind Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, IndiaObjectives: The study aimed to review the prescribing knowledge of first-year postgraduate doctors in a medical college in India, using the principles of good prescribing, to suggest strategies to improve rational prescribing, and to recommend what curriculum planners can do to accomplish this objective.Methods: Fifty first-year postgraduate doctors were asked to fill in a structured questionnaire that sought information regarding their undergraduate training in clinical pharmacology and therapeutics, prescribing habits, and commonly consulted drug information sources. Also, the questionnaire assessed any perceived deficiencies in their undergraduate clinical pharmacology teaching and sought feedback regarding improvement in the teaching.Results: Eighty-eight percent of residents said that they were taught prescription writing in undergraduate pharmacology teaching; 48% of residents rated their prescribing knowledge at graduation as average, 28% good, 4% excellent, 14% poor, and 4% very poor; 58% felt that their undergraduate training did not prepare them to prescribe safely, and 62% felt that their training did not prepare them to prescribe rationally. Fifty-eight percent of residents felt that they had some specific problems with writing a prescription during their internship training, while 92% thought that undergraduate teaching should be improved. Their suggestions for improving teaching methods were recorded.Conclusions: This study concludes that efforts are needed to develop a curriculum that encompasses important aspects of clinical pharmacology and therapeutics along with incorporation of

  19. Monitoring Environment with GIS for Part of Thiruvallur Town Using Cartosat 1 Stereo, Pan & Resourcesat Liss 4 MSS Merged Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohamed, G. S.; Venkatchalam, R. V.; Ramamurthhy, M.; Gummidipoondi, R. J.; Ramillah, M.

    2012-07-01

    Thiruvallur town is about 44 km from Chennai in Tamil nadu state of India with a population of 130000 , covering 10.75 sq km area. It is about 2km from Sri Venkateswara College of Engineering and Technology. It was Taluk (Sub Division'.s) head quarters and from 1991 it was upgraded as District head quarters after the formation of Thiruvallur District. With rapid growth of town the Population density of Thiruvallur has increased in the past three decades from 300 persons/sq.km in 1951, to 6000 persons/sq.km in 1981 and now it is 12925 persons/sq.km in 2011. The creation of District administrative collector office, headquarters offices for police, judicial courts and Tamil Nadu and Federal Government development department's offices, establishment of multinationals major industries like Caterpillar, Kingfishers,Hindustan Motors, Mahendra Automobiles, Coco cola, Japanese Glass industry, Korean LOTO etc apart from mushrooming growth of about 41 Engineering, Nursing, Education, Medical, Naval, Arts and Science colleges, International Public schools,Governmentt, Private schools and Polytechnics added to the population of this Town. It is well connected by National Highways and Railways and upgraded as District Municipality. This resulted in urban drainage problem and conversion of Agriculture land and lakes for housing, establishment of major Govt and Private Hospitals including special units for Eye care, Cardiology, and Health Clinics, pharmacies etc. The effect of urbanization on environment of this once silent rural temple town which was supporting intensive agriculture activities , green with paddy fields is studied with high resolution satellite data is know the impact on health and environment changes from 2008 to 2011, using 2.5m resolution PAN stereo data of Cartosat 1 merged with 5.8 m resolution Multi Spectral data of LISS 4 of Resourcesat 1 of Indian Remote sensing satellites and Geo Eye satellite image of 2011 from Google Earth web site for the western part

  20. From Editor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ugur Demiray

    2007-10-01

    EDUCATION: The Open University Malaysia Experience”, which written by Santhi RAGHAVAN Faculty of Business & Management and P. Rajesh KUMAR from Faculty of Science Open University Malaysia,MALAYSIA. Their paper provides an overview of adult learner participation in open and distance education by focusing participation needs based on selected socio-demographic variables such as age, years of working experience and monthly income. The related study involved a sample of 454 Open University Malaysia students from a number of learning centres located in different parts of the country. The study found that adult learners are generally below the age of 39, relatively not affluent, have less than 20 years of work experience and have a high need for participation. The highest need is professional advancement, followed closely by cognitive interest, and communication improvement while the lowest reported need is escapism/social stimulation. Age and work experience exhibited negative regression coefficients, indicating inverse associations with participation need. These results are comparable to the findings of previous research on the role of age, work experience and monthly income as factors determining participation in adult higher education. Next and the ninth article were sent to TOJDE by Dr. Muhammad Imran YOUSUFfrom University of Arid Agriculture, PAKISTAN. Title of paper is “Effectiveness Of Mobile Learning In Distance Education”. The main aim of his research is to better understand and measure students’ attitudes and perceptions towards the importance of mobile learning in distance education. Results of this survey clearly indicate that facilitating mobile learning can improve the entire distance education by enhancing ways of communication among distance learners, tutors and supporting staff. The biggest advantage of this technology is that it can be used anywhere, anytime and its usage is easy access to a larger number of distance learners. This study draws the

  1. Gravity Effects of Solar Eclipse and Inducted Gravitational Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, K.; Wang, Q.; Zhang, H.; Hua, C.; Peng, F.; Hu, K.

    2003-12-01

    During solar eclipses in recent decades, gravity anomalies were observed and difficult to be explained by Newton's gravitational theory. During the solar eclipse of 1995, India scientists Mishra et al. recorded a gravity valley in amplitude of 12 μ Gal; they interpreted that qualitatively as atmospheric effects. During the total solar eclipse of March 1997, we conducted a comprehensive geophysical observation at Mohe geophysical observatory of China (with latitude of 53.490 N and longitude of 122.340 E. From the data we recorded, we found two valleys about 5 to 7 μ Gal. Unnikrishnan et al. inferred this gravity anomaly was caused by the environment changes. We know that the observation had been conducting in a room inside a small building with a stable coal heating system; the temperature variation inside the experimental room was less 10C during the eclipse. Moreover, the measured atmospheric pressure change was less 1hPa during the eclipse. It is reasonable to believe that surrounding environment of the observatory excluded the significant gravity variations caused by temperature, pressure variation and local moving of persons and vehicles. To further study the gravity effects related to solar eclipses, our scientific team took more observations during Zambia total solar eclipse of June 2001 and Australia total solar eclipse of December 2002. After data corrections, we found respectively two gravity anomalies, with 3 to 4μ Gal for Zambia eclipse and 1.5μ Gal for Australia eclipse. As many scientists have pointed out that pressure-gravity factor is lower than 0.3μ Gal/hPa, it means that any gravity anomaly great than 0.5μ Gal could not be inferred as the results of atmospheric pressure change. The two more gravity anomalies recorded during the solar eclipses provided us strong evidences that some gravity anomalies could not simply be inferred as atmospheric pressure change. We have tried to explain those anomalies by the induced gravitational field.

  2. A Review on Preferential Oxidation of Carbon Monoxide in Hydrogen Rich Gases

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    A. Mishra

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In this review, recent works on the preferential oxidation of carbon monoxide in hydrogen rich gases for fuel cell applications are summarized. H2 is used as a fuel for polymer-electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC. It is produced by reforming of natural gas or liquid fuels followed by water gas shift reaction. The produced gas consists of H2, CO, and CO2. In which CO content is around 1%, which is highly poisonous for the Pt anode of the PEMFC so that further removal of CO is needed. Catalytic preferential oxidation of CO (CO-PROX is one of the most suitable methods of purification of H2 because of high CO conversion rate at low temperature range, which is preferable for PEMFC operating conditions. Catalysts used for COPROX are mainly noble metal based; gold based and base metal oxide catalysts among them Copper-Ceria based catalysts are the most appropriate due to its low cost, easy availability and result obtained by these catalysts are comparable with the conventional noble metal catalysts. Copyright © 2011 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved(Received: 22nd October 2010, Revised: 12nd January 2011, Accepted: 19th January 2011[How to Cite: A. Mishra, R. Prasad. (2011. A Review on Preferential Oxidation of Carbon Monoxide in Hydrogen Rich Gases. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 6 (1: 1-14. doi:10.9767/bcrec.6.1.191.1-14][How to Link / DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.6.1.191.1-14 || or local:  http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/bcrec/article/view/191] | View in 

  3. Comparative Study of Various Preparation Methods of CuO–CeO2 Catalysts for Oxidation of n–Hexane and iso–Octane

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    Ashutosh Mishra

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The complete oxidation of n-Hexane and iso-Octane was studied individually in a fixed bed tubular flow reactor over CuO-CeO2 catalysts synthesized via four different methods namely urea-nitrate combustion method, urea gelation/co-precipitation method, citric acid sol-gel method and co-impregnation method. Laser diffraction was employed in catalysts characterization. The results obtained from the complete conversion of n-Hexane and iso-Octane revealed that the CuO-CeO2 catalysts prepared by urea-nitrate combustion method (UNC showed the best performance than the catalysts prepared by other methods used in the present investigation. CuO-CeO2 catalysts prepared by UNC method achieve total n-Hexane and iso-Octane conversion to CO2 at lower temperatures of 280 0C and 340 0C respectively due to the larger surface area of the catalysts which increases the specific rate of reaction. © 2013 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reservedReceived: 30th October 2012; Revised: 30th November 2012; Accepted: 3rd December 2012[How to Cite: A. Mishra, B.D. Tripathi, A.K. Rai, R. Prasad (2013. Comparative Study of Various Preparation Methods of CuO–CeO2 Catalysts for Oxidation of n–Hexane and iso–Octane. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 7(3: 172-178. (doi:10.9767/bcrec.7.3.4076.172-178][Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.7.3.4076.172-178 ] View in  |

  4. Targeting cancer stem cells in hepatocellular carcinoma

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    He AR

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Aiwu Ruth He,1 Daniel C Smith,1 Lopa Mishra2 1Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Georgetown University, Washington, DC, 2Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA Abstract: The poor outcome of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC is attributed to recurrence of the disease after curative treatment and the resistance of HCC cells to conventional chemotherapy, which may be explained partly by the function of liver cancer stem cells (CSCs. Liver CSCs have emerged as an important therapeutic target against HCC. Numerous surface markers for liver CSCs have been identified, and include CD133, CD90, CD44, CD13, and epithelial cell adhesion molecules. These surface markers serve not only as tools for identifying and isolating liver CSCs but also as therapeutic targets for eradicating these cells. In studies of animal models and large-scale genomic analyses of human HCC samples, many signaling pathways observed in normal stem cells have been found to be altered in liver CSCs, which accounts for the stemness and aggressive behavior of these cells. Antibodies and small molecule inhibitors targeting the signaling pathways have been evaluated at different levels of preclinical and clinical development. Another strategy is to promote the differentiation of liver CSCs to less aggressive HCC that is sensitive to conventional chemotherapy. Disruption of the tumor niche essential for liver CSC homeostasis has become a novel strategy in cancer treatment. To overcome the challenges in developing treatment for liver CSCs, more research into the genetic makeup of patient tumors that respond to treatment may lead to more effective therapy. Standardization of HCC CSC tumor markers would be helpful for measuring the CSC response to these agents. Herein, we review the current strategies for developing treatment to eradicate liver CSCs and to improve the outcome for patients with

  5. Patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cells in neurological disease modeling: the importance of nonhuman primate models

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    Qiu Z

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Zhifang Qiu,1,2 Steven L Farnsworth,2 Anuja Mishra,1,2 Peter J Hornsby1,21Geriatric Research Education and Clinical Center, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, TX, USA; 2Barshop Institute for Longevity and Aging Studies, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX, USAAbstract: The development of the technology for derivation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS cells from human patients and animal models has opened up new pathways to the better understanding of many human diseases, and has created new opportunities for therapeutic approaches. Here, we consider one important neurological disease, Parkinson's, the development of relevant neural cell lines for studying this disease, and the animal models that are available for testing the survival and function of the cells, following transplantation into the central nervous system. Rapid progress has been made recently in the application of protocols for neuroectoderm differentiation and neural patterning of pluripotent stem cells. These developments have resulted in the ability to produce large numbers of dopaminergic neurons with midbrain characteristics for further study. These cells have been shown to be functional in both rodent and nonhuman primate (NHP models of Parkinson's disease. Patient-specific iPS cells and derived dopaminergic neurons have been developed, in particular from patients with genetic causes of Parkinson's disease. For complete modeling of the disease, it is proposed that the introduction of genetic changes into NHP iPS cells, followed by studying the phenotype of the genetic change in cells transplanted into the NHP as host animal, will yield new insights into disease processes not possible with rodent models alone.Keywords: Parkinson's disease, pluripotent cell differentiation, neural cell lines, dopaminergic neurons, cell transplantation, animal models

  6. Seeing the talker’s face supports executive processing of speech in steady state noise

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    Sushmit eMishra

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Listening to speech in noise depletes cognitive resources, affecting speech processing. The present study investigated how remaining resources or cognitive spare capacity (CSC can be deployed by young adults with normal hearing. We administered a test of CSC (CSCT, Mishra et al., 2013 along with a battery of established cognitive tests to 20 participants with normal hearing. In the CSCT, lists of two-digit numbers were presented with and without visual cues in quiet, as well as in steady-state and speech-like noise at a high intelligibility level. In low load conditions, two numbers were recalled according to instructions inducing executive processing (updating, inhibition and in high load conditions the participants were additionally instructed to recall one extra number, which was the always the first item in the list. In line with previous findings, results showed that CSC was sensitive to memory load and executive function but generally not related to working memory capacity. Furthermore, CSCT scores in quiet were lowered by visual cues, probably due to distraction. In steady-state noise, the presence of visual cues improved CSCT scores, probably by enabling better encoding. Contrary to our expectation, CSCT performance was disrupted more in steady-state than speech-like noise, although only without visual cues, possibly because selective attention could be used to ignore the speech-like background and provide an enriched representation of target items in working memory similar to that obtained in quiet. This interpretation is supported by a consistent association between CSCT scores and updating skills.

  7. Diasporic Activism and the Mediations of “Home”: South Asian Voices in Canadian Drama

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    Nandi Bhatia

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Critical analyses of literatures of the Indian diaspora discuss the “home” of origin as a subtext and a site to which diasporas aspire to return even though it remains an unachievable ideal that is refracted through nostalgic retellings of a space that remains at best “imaginary” (Mishra 2007. Alternatively, some critics, as Roger Waldinger and David Fitzgerald point out, view diasporas’ relationship with the homeland in terms of “loyalty,” obscuring in the process the antagonisms that may arise depending upon one’s circumstances, antagonisms that produce “interactions” between homes of residence and those of origin (2012. In South Asian drama in Canada, many of the concerns regarding race, multiculturalism, job discrimination and violence against women and other marginalized groups are propelled by their links to the playwrights’ “home” of origin. With attention to selected plays, this paper will analyze how the networks between home and spaces of residence in multicultural Canada come alive on theatre stages through visual motifs, actors, props, and photographic collages, which confront the different trajectories of “home” that resurface in these plays. Through live scenes of imagination that speak to spectators, several plays under discussion in this essay expose how, while providing emotional sustenance for some, the baggage of “home” may also pose challenges in the home of residence. So the questions I raise are: How does home appear? To what end? And what does returning “home” teach us about the inequalities and injustices underlying the current global order?

  8. Prevalence of the palmaris longus in relation to the hand dominance.

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    Erić, Mirela; Koprivčić, Ivan; Vučinić, Nikola; Radić, Radivoje; Krivokuća, Dragan; Lekšan, Igor; Selthofer, Robert

    2011-08-01

    The incidence of left-handedness in the general population is between 8 and 15%. There is a presumption that the prevalence of palmaris longus muscle differ between right-handed and left-handed people. This prospective study was conducted to determine the prevalence of the palmaris longus in relation to the hand dominance. The study included 542 subjects (216 male and 326 female). They were initially tested to hand dominance and after that they were asked to do the standard test (Schaeffer's test) for the assessment of the palmaris longus tendon. If the tendon was not visualized or palpable, four additional tests (Thompson's test, Mishra's tests I and II, Pushpakumar's "two-finger sign" method) were done to confirm its absence. Right hand dominance was recorded in 452 (83.4%) subjects while the left hand dominance was recorded in 90 (16.6%) subjects. In right-handed subjects, palmaris longus tendon was absent on the right side in 24 (5.3%) and on the left side in 50 (11.1%) cases. In left-handed subjects, it was absent on the right side in 18 (20%) and on the left side in 2 (2.2%) cases. These differences were statistically significant. Bilateral absence of palmaris longus tendon was similar in both examined groups (25.1% in the overall series, 24.3% in right-handed subjects, 28.9% in left-handed subjects). The results of our study show that a right-sided absence was more common in left-handed persons while the left-sided absence was more common in right-handed persons. Unilateral tendon absence was more common on the non-dominant hand.

  9. Effects of Suboptimal Bidding in Combinatorial Auctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Stefan; Shabalin, Pasha; Bichler, Martin

    Though the VCG auction assumes a central place in the mechanism design literature, there are a number of reasons for favoring iterative combinatorial auction designs. Several promising ascending auction formats have been developed throughout the past few years based on primal-dual and subgradient algorithms and linear programming theory. Prices are interpreted as a feasible dual solution and the provisional allocation is interpreted as a feasible primal solution. iBundle( 3) (Parkes and Ungar 2000), dVSV (de Vries et al. 2007) and the Ascending Proxy auction (Ausubel and Milgrom 2002) result in VCG payoffs when the coalitional value function satisfies the buyer submodularity condition and bidders bid straightforward, which is an expost Nash equilibrium in that case. iBEA and CreditDebit auctions (Mishra and Parkes 2007) do not even require the buyer submodularity condition and achieve the same properties for general valuations. In many situations, however, one cannot assume bidders to bid straightforward and it is not clear from the theory how these non-linear personalized price auctions (NLPPAs) perform in this case. Robustness of auctions with respect to different bidding behavior is therefore a critical issue for any application. We have conducted a large number of computational experiments to analyze the performance of NLPPA designs with respect to different bidding strategies and different valuation models. We compare the results of NLPPAs to those of the VCG auction and those of iterative combinatorial auctions with approximate linear prices, such as ALPS (Bichler et al. 2009) and the Combinatorial Clock auction (Porter et al. 2003).

  10. Sexual behaviors among men who have sex with men: a quantitative cross sectional study in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

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    Mishra SR

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Shiva Raj Mishra,1 Vishnu Khanal2 1Naulo Ghumti Nepal,Tanahun, 2Sauraha Pharsatikar Village Development Committee, Ward 1, Rupandehi, Nepal Abstract: Unprotected sexual transmission is the cause of approximately 70%–80% of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infections worldwide. Prevalence of HIV infection in 2011 was more than ten fold higher (3.8% among men who have sex with men (MSM than in the general population (0.33% in Nepal. This study aimed to explore sexual behaviors, and social and demographic characteristics of MSM in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. A quantitative cross sectional study was conducted among 113 MSM. MSM is a hidden population in Nepalese society, therefore, it was difficult to construct a sample frame for this research so, respondent driven sampling was used which gives unbiased estimates of population parameters and has the potential to reach MSM, who are not easily accessible. A structured interview was used to obtain the information. The majority of respondents were above 20 years old (mean = 27.9 years, SD = 7.4 years. Most respondents were receptive, 43.4% identified themselves as Meti. Forty six percent of respondents were married. The majority had sex with males which was predominantly anal. MSM had an average number of 74 sex partners (last three months. Nearly 95% had used a condom, and 92% had used lubricant during their last sex act. Thirty eight percent perceived themselves as at risk of HIV. The majority knew of a place for confidential HIV testing in Kathmandu. This study highlights the importance of partner tracing during HIV counseling and testing, the importance of drop-in centers to increase access to condoms, and supports the need to increase comprehensive health services and peer led participatory behavioral change communication activities to this population in the national HIV response. Keywords: men who have sex with men, sexual behavior, cross sectional, quantitative, Nepal

  11. TEACHING AND LEARNING WITH TECHNOLOGY: A THEORETICAL MODEL FOR GOOD EDUCATIONAL PRACTICES WITH ICT

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    Jesús Valverde Berrocoso

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to define a theoretical explanatory framework for the integration of information technologies and communication technologies (ICT in education from the perspective of teacher education. The initial and continuing training of teachers is characterized by a tendency towards "essentialisation" of technology and generation of users who do not usually think about educational uses of technology in their own contexts. Our research on the integration of ICT in the classroom has allowed us to observe the lack of connection between the personal and professional use of teachers of these technological tools, as well as the need for training is geared towards developing skills and knowledge to examine, in a critical manner, the educational implications of these new teaching aids. This article is based on the proposed Koehler & Mishra (2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008 called TPCK (Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge which is based on the construct of PCK Shulman (1987 to which is added the concept of "Technology" (T to those of "Pedagogy" (P and "Curriculum Content" (C. Connections and dynamic interactions between these three key components leading to different components to be considered in understanding the processes of integration of ICT in schools. Good educational practices with ICT are multidimensional and complex actions that require (1 understand the representation and formulation of concepts and procedures for their understanding through ICT, (2 develop constructivist teaching strategies that use ICT for teaching content curriculum, (3 know the difficulties in learning concepts and how ICT can help overcome them, and (4 knowing the students' prior knowledge and the epistemology of the curriculum to understand how ICT can be used to build on pre-existing knowledge and develop new epistemologies. These skills clearly go beyond the isolation that has an expert in a curriculum (teacher of a discipline, an expert in IT (engineer, or an

  12. PREFACE: 25th International Congress on Condition Monitoring and Diagnostic Engineering (COMADEM 2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ball, Andrew; Mishra, Rakesh; Gu, Fengshou; Rao, Raj B. K. N.

    2012-05-01

    . Professor Rakesh Mishra Professor Andrew Ball Dr Fengshou Gu Professor B K N Rao The Editors The PDF also contains details relating to the International Journal of COMADEM.

  13. Predictors and prevention of diabetic cardiomyopathy

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    Chavali V

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Vishalakshi Chavali, Suresh C Tyagi, Paras K Mishra Department of Physiology and Biophysics, School of Medicine, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, USA Abstract: Despite our cognizance that diabetes can enhance the chances of heart failure, causes multiorgan failure,and contributes to morbidity and mortality, it is rapidly increasing menace worldwide. Less attention has been paid to alert prediabetics through determining the comprehensive predictors of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM and ameliorating DCM using novel approaches. DCM is recognized as asymptomatic progressing structural and functional remodeling in the heart of diabetics, in the absence of coronary atherosclerosis and hypertension. The three major stages of DCM are: (1 early stage, where cellular and metabolic changes occur without obvious systolic dysfunction; (2 middle stage, which is characterized by increased apoptosis, a slight increase in left ventricular size, and diastolic dysfunction and where ejection fraction (EF is <50%; and (3 late stage, which is characterized by alteration in microvasculature compliance, an increase in left ventricular size, and a decrease in cardiac performance leading to heart failure. Recent investigations have revealed that DCM is multifactorial in nature and cellular, molecular, and metabolic perturbations predisposed and contributed to DCM. Differential expression of microRNA (miRNA, signaling molecules involved in glucose metabolism, hyperlipidemia, advanced glycogen end products, cardiac extracellular matrix remodeling, and alteration in survival and differentiation of resident cardiac stem cells are manifested in DCM. A sedentary lifestyle and high fat diet causes obesity and this leads to type 2 diabetes and DCM. However, exercise training improves insulin sensitivity, contractility of cardiomyocytes, and cardiac performance in type 2 diabetes. These findings provide new clues to diagnose and mitigate DCM. This review embodies

  14. Budget projections - 1991 through 1996 for research in high energy physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-05-01

    This research program in high energy physics is carried out under the general supervision of a committee which is composed of G.W. Brandenburg, G.J. Feldman, M.E. Franklin, R.J. Glauber, K. Kinoshita, F.M. Pipkin, K. Strauch, R. Wilson, and H. Yamamoto. Professor G.J. Feldman currently serves as chair of this committee. Dr. Brandenburg is the Director of the High Energy Physics Laboratory and administers the DOE high energy physics contract. In the fall of 1991 S. Mishra will join this committee. Harvard is planning to make one or two additional senior faculty appointments in experimental high energy physics over the next two years. The principal goals of the work described here are to carry out forefront programs in high energy physics research and to provide first rate educational opportunities for students. The experimental program supported through HEPL is carried out at the major accelerator centers in the world and addresses some of the most important questions in high energy physics. Harvard`s educational efforts are concentrated in graduate education, where they are currently supporting thirteen research students. In addition, undergraduate students work in projects at HEPL during the academic year and over summers. These budget projections cover all of the Harvard based high energy physics experimental activities. The {open_quotes}umbrella{close_quotes} nature of this contract greatly simplifies support of essential central technical and computer services and helps the group to take advantage of new physics opportunities and to respond to unexpected needs. The funding for the operation of the HEPL facility is shared proportionally by the experimental groups. Harvard financially supports this high energy physics research program in many ways.

  15. Allelopatic effect of different caster bean organs (Ricinus communis L. on reducing germination and growth of dodder (Cuscuta campestris Yuncker

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    S.M Seyyedi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Dodder (Cascuta campestris Yuncker is an annual parasitic plant from the Convolvulaceae family (Mishra et al., 2007. It wraps around many adjacent dicot and a few monocot plants, penetrates in their vascular tissue and exploits photosynthates, nutrients and water (Lanini & Kogan, 2005. Consequently, the growth, vigor and production of the host plant will be severely reduced (Nadler-Hasasr & Rubin, 2003. Dodder is not able to complete its cycle, if it is not attached to a host. Therefore, it is entirely dependent on its host for supplying water, assimilates and minerals (Mishra et al., 2007. Considering the nature of dodder habit, it is rarely possible to completely control dodder by using different chemical herbicides (Lanini & Kogan, 2005. In addition, because of increasing the environmental concerns caused by applying synthetic herbicides, there is considerable attention to alternative strategies for weeds management (Batish et al., 2002; Bowmik & Inderjit, 2003. In recent years, allelopathic plants, an alternative strategy for weed management, have received massive attention (Narwal, 2010; Jamil et al., 2009. Due to the importance of dodder as a parasitic weed, this research was conducted with the purpose of studying the allelopathic effects of aqueous extracts and decay durations of caster bean (Ricinus communis L. organs on germination and emergence of dodder. Materials and methods The current study was conducted based on three separate experiments using a completely randomized design (CRD with factorial arrangement with three replications. The first experiment was conducted in petri dishes and consisted of caster bean organs at four levels (root, stem, leaf and total plant without inflorescence and their aqueous extract concentrations at 11 levels (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10%. The second experiment was conducted in pots and factors were caster bean organs at 4 levels (root, stem, leaf and total plant without

  16. PM over summertime India: Sources and trends investigated using long term measurements and multi-receptor site back trajectory analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Vinod; Sarkar, Chinmoy; Sachan, Himanshu; Kumar, Devender; Sinha, Baerbel

    2013-04-01

    We apply multi-receptor site residence-time weighted concentration back trajectory analysis to a ten year data set (1991-2003) of PM10 and TSP measurement data from four Indian megacities Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai. The dataset was sourced from the published and peer reviewed work of Gupta and Kumar (2006). Sources and trends of PM10 and TSP during the pre-monsoon season (March-June) were investigated. Residence-time weighted concentration maps were derived using 72 hour HYSPLIT back trajectory ensemble calculations. Trajectory runs were started 100 m AGL and the observed PM monthly averages were attributed to all trajectory runs in a month and each trajectory of the ensemble runs with equal probability. For investigating trends the dataset was further subdivided into two groups of four year durations each (1992-1995 and 2000-2003). We found a linear correlation with a slope of 1.0 (R2=0.9) between estimated seasonal average TSP (2000-2003) using our approach and the measured seasonal averages (2006-2007) for Kanpur, Ahmedabad, Pune and Bangalore. A linear fit between predicted and measured PM10 concentration for 19 sites with PM10 observations of at least one seasonal average between 1999-2009 shows a slope of 1.4 (R2=0.4). For the observation period 2000-2003, the Thar Desert and Taklimakan Desert emerged as largest sources for both PM10 (>180 μg/m3 and >200 μg/m3 respectively) and TSP (>650 μg/m3 and >725 μg/m3 respectively). In-situ observation at Bikaner (central Thar Desert) and in Jhunjhunu (semi-arid site at the border of the Thar Desert) indicate that both TSP and PM10 inside the desert source region are underpredicted by a factor of 10 compared to in-situ observations while for the semi arid area bordering the desert PM10 and TSP are underpredicted by a factor of 5 and 3 respectively. This indicates that strong sources are underpredicted by a receptor site centred approach. The entire North-Western Indo-Gangetic Basin (NW-IGB), where crop

  17. Modeling, molecular dynamics, and docking assessment of transcription factor rho: a potential drug target in Brucella melitensis 16M

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    Pradeepkiran JA

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Jangampalli Adi Pradeepkiran,1 Konidala Kranthi Kumar,1 Yellapu Nanda Kumar,2 Matcha Bhaskar11Division of Animal Biotechnology, Department of Zoology, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, 2Biomedical Informatics Centre, Vector Control Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, Pondicherry, India Abstract: The zoonotic disease brucellosis, a chronic condition in humans affecting renal and cardiac systems and causing osteoarthritis, is caused by Brucella, a genus of Gram-negative, facultative, intracellular pathogens. The mode of transmission and the virulence of the pathogens are still enigmatic. Transcription regulatory elements, such as rho proteins, play an important role in the termination of transcription and/or the selection of genes in Brucella. Adverse effects of the transcription inhibitors play a key role in the non-successive transcription challenges faced by the pathogens. In the investigation presented here, we computationally predicted the transcription termination factor rho (TtFRho inhibitors against Brucella melitensis 16M via a structure-based method. In view the unknown nature of its crystal structure, we constructed a robust three-dimensional homology model of TtFRho’s structure by comparative modeling with the crystal structure of the Escherichia coli TtFRho (Protein Data Bank ID: 1PVO as a template in MODELLER (v 9.10. The modeled structure was optimized by applying a molecular dynamics simulation for 2 ns with the CHARMM (Chemistry at HARvard Macromolecular Mechanics 27 force field in NAMD (NAnoscale Molecular Dynamics program; v 2.9 and then evaluated by calculating the stereochemical quality of the protein. The flexible docking for the interaction phenomenon of the template consists of ligand-related inhibitor molecules from the ZINC (ZINC Is Not Commercial database using a structure-based virtual screening strategy against minimized TtFRho. Docking simulations revealed two inhibitors compounds – ZINC

  18. NKT cell modulates NAFLD potentiation of metabolic oxidative stress-induced mesangial cell activation and proximal tubular toxicity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alhasson, Firas; Dattaroy, Diptadip; Das, Suvarthi; Chandrashekaran, Varun; Seth, Ratanesh Kumar; Schnellmann, Rick G.

    2015-01-01

    Obesity and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are associated with the development and progression of chronic kidney disease. We recently showed that NAFLD induces liver-specific cytochrome P-450 (CYP)2E1-mediated metabolic oxidative stress after administration of the CYP2E1 substrate bromodichloromethane (BDCM) (Seth RK, Das S, Kumar A, Chanda A, Kadiiska MB, Michelotti G, Manautou J, Diehl AM, Chatterjee S. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 274: 42–54, 2014; Seth RK, Kumar A, Das S, Kadiiska MB, Michelotti G, Diehl AM, Chatterjee S. Toxicol Sci 134:291–303, 2013). The present study examined the effects of CYP2E1-mediated oxidative stress in NAFLD leading to kidney toxicity. Mice were fed a high-fat diet for 12 wk to induce NAFLD. NAFLD mice were exposed to BDCM, a CYP2E1 substrate, for 4 wk. NAFLD + BDCM increased CYP2E1-mediated lipid peroxidation in proximal tubular cells compared with mice with NAFLD alone or BDCM-treated lean mice, thus ruling out the exclusive role of BDCM. Lipid peroxidation increased IL-1β, TNF-α, and interferon-γ. In parallel, mesangial cell activation was observed by increased α-smooth muscle actin and transforming growth factor-β, which was blocked by the CYP2E1 inhibitor diallyl sulphide both in vivo and in vitro. Mice lacking natural killer T cells (CD1d knockout mice) showed elevated (>4-fold) proinflammatory mediator release, increased Toll-like receptor (TLR)4 and PDGF2 mRNA, and mesangial cell activation in the kidney. Finally, NAFLD CD1D knockout mice treated with BDCM exhibited increased high mobility group box 1 and Fas ligand levels and TUNEL-positive nuclei, indicating that higher cell death was attenuated in TLR4 knockout mice. Tubular cells showed increased cell death and cytokine release when incubated with activated mesangial cells. In summary, an underlying condition of progressive NAFLD causes renal immunotoxicity and aberrant glomerular function possibly through high mobility group box 1-dependent TLR4 signaling

  19. Serum cytokine profiling and enrichment analysis reveal the involvement of immunological and inflammatory pathways in stable patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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    Bade G

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Geetanjali Bade,1 Meraj Alam Khan,2 Akhilesh Kumar Srivastava,1 Parul Khare,1 Krishna Kumar Solaiappan,1 Randeep Guleria,3 Nades Palaniyar,2 Anjana Talwar1 1Department of Physiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India; 2Program in Physiology and Experimental Medicine, The Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathobiology, and Institute of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada; 3Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Sleep Disorders, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India Abstract: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD is a major global health problem. It results from chronic inflammation and causes irreversible airway damage. Levels of different serum cytokines could be surrogate biomarkers for inflammation and lung function in COPD. We aimed to determine the serum levels of different biomarkers in COPD patients, the association between cytokine levels and various prognostic parameters, and the key pathways/networks involved in stable COPD. In this study, serum levels of 48 cytokines were examined by multiplex assays in 30 subjects (control, n=9; COPD, n=21. Relationships between serum biomarkers and forced expiratory volume in 1 second, peak oxygen uptake, body mass index, dyspnea score, and smoking were assessed. Enrichment pathways and networks analyses were implemented, using a list of cytokines showing differential expression between healthy controls and patients with COPD by Cytoscape and GeneGo Metacore™ softwares (Thomson-Reuters Corporation, New York, NY, USA. Concentrations of cutaneous T-cell attracting chemokine, eotaxin, hepatocyte growth factor, interleukin 6 (IL-6, IL-16, and stem cell factor are significantly higher in COPD patients compared with in control patients. Notably, this study identifies stem cell factor as a biomarker for COPD. Multiple regression analysis predicts that cutaneous T

  20. Detection of Heart Sounds in Children with and without Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension--Daubechies Wavelets Approach.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Elgendi

    Full Text Available Automatic detection of the 1st (S1 and 2nd (S2 heart sounds is difficult, and existing algorithms are imprecise. We sought to develop a wavelet-based algorithm for the detection of S1 and S2 in children with and without pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH.Heart sounds were recorded at the second left intercostal space and the cardiac apex with a digital stethoscope simultaneously with pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP. We developed a Daubechies wavelet algorithm for the automatic detection of S1 and S2 using the wavelet coefficient 'D6' based on power spectral analysis. We compared our algorithm with four other Daubechies wavelet-based algorithms published by Liang, Kumar, Wang, and Zhong. We annotated S1 and S2 from an audiovisual examination of the phonocardiographic tracing by two trained cardiologists and the observation that in all subjects systole was shorter than diastole.We studied 22 subjects (9 males and 13 females, median age 6 years, range 0.25-19. Eleven subjects had a mean PAP < 25 mmHg. Eleven subjects had PAH with a mean PAP ≥ 25 mmHg. All subjects had a pulmonary artery wedge pressure ≤ 15 mmHg. The sensitivity (SE and positive predictivity (+P of our algorithm were 70% and 68%, respectively. In comparison, the SE and +P of Liang were 59% and 42%, Kumar 19% and 12%, Wang 50% and 45%, and Zhong 43% and 53%, respectively. Our algorithm demonstrated robustness and outperformed the other methods up to a signal-to-noise ratio (SNR of 10 dB. For all algorithms, detection errors arose from low-amplitude peaks, fast heart rates, low signal-to-noise ratio, and fixed thresholds.Our algorithm for the detection of S1 and S2 improves the performance of existing Daubechies-based algorithms and justifies the use of the wavelet coefficient 'D6' through power spectral analysis. Also, the robustness despite ambient noise may improve real world clinical performance.

  1. 0,1 distribution in the highest level sequences of primitive sequences over Z2e

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FAN; Shuqin(

    2003-01-01

    [1]Ward, M., The arithmetical theory of linear recurring sequences, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc, 1933, 35(6):600-628.[2]Dai Zongduo, Binary sequences derived from ML-sequences over rings I: Periods and minimal polynomials,Journal of Cryptology, 1992, 5: 193-207.[3]Dai, Z. D., Beth, T., Gollman, D., Lower bounds for the linear complexity of sequences over residue rings, Advances in Cryptology-Eurocrypt's 90, Spring-Verlag LNCS 19991, 473: 189-195.[4]Zeng Kencheng, Dai Zongduo, Huang Minqiang, Injectiveness of mappings from ring sequences to their sequences of the significant bits, Symposium on Theoretical Problems of Cryptology, State Key Laboratory of Information Security, Beijing, China, June 1995, 132-141.[5]Boztas, S., Hammons, A. R., Kumar, P. V., 4-phase sequences with near-optimum correlation properties, IEEE. Trans. Inform. Theory, 1992, 38: 1101-1113.[6]Kuzmin, A. S., Nechaev, A. A., A construction of noise stable codes using linear recurrents over Galois rings,Russian Math. Surveys, 1992, 47: 189-190.[7]Qi Wenfeng, Zhou Jinjun, Distribution of 0 and 1 in highest level of primitive sequences over Z2e, Science in China, Ser. A, 1997, 40(6): 606-611.[8]Qi Wenfeng, Zhou Jinjun, Distribution of 0 and 1 in highest level of primitive sequences over Z2e (Ц),Chinese Science Bulletin, 1998, 43(8): 633-635.[9]Zhu Fengxiang, Qi Wenfeng, Distribution of 0 and 1 in the highest level of primitive sequences over Z2e,Advances in Cryptology-CHINACRYPT' 2000, Beijing: Science Press, 2000, 1-5.[10]Kamlovski, O. V., Kuzmin, A. S., Distribution of elements on cycles of linear recurrents sequences over Galois rings, Russian Math. Surveys, 1998, 53(2): 392-393.[11]Kumar, P. V., Helleseth, T., Calderbank, A. R., An upper bound for Weil exponential sums over Galois rings and applications, IEEE. Trans. Infor. Theory, 1995, 41:456-468.

  2. In vivo evaluation of a conjugated poly(lactide-ethylene glycol nanoparticle depot formulation for prolonged insulin delivery in the diabetic rabbit model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomar L

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Lomas Tomar,1,2 Charu Tyagi,1,3 Manoj Kumar,2 Pradeep Kumar,1 Harpal Singh,2 Yahya E Choonara,1 Viness Pillay11University of the Witwatersrand, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa; 2Centre for Biomedical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India; 3VSPG College, Chaudhary Charan Singh University, Meerut, IndiaAbstract: Poly(ethylene glycol (PEG and polylactic acid (PLA-based copolymeric nanoparticles were synthesized and investigated as a carrier for prolonged delivery of insulin via the parenteral route. Insulin loading was simultaneously achieved with particle synthesis using a double emulsion solvent evaporation technique, and the effect of varied PEG chain lengths on particle size and insulin loading efficiency was determined. The synthesized copolymer and nanoparticles were analyzed by standard polymer characterization techniques of gel permeation chromatography, dynamic light scattering, nuclear magnetic resonance, and transmission electron microscopy. In vitro insulin release studies performed under simulated conditions provided a near zero-order release pattern up to 10 days. In vivo animal studies were undertaken with varied insulin loads of nanoparticles administered subcutaneously to fed diabetic rabbits and, of all doses administered, nanoparticles containing 50 IU of insulin load per kg body weight controlled the blood glucose level within the physiologically normal range of 90–140 mg/dL, and had a prolonged effect for more than 7 days. Histopathological evaluation of tissue samples from the site of injection showed no signs of inflammation or aggregation, and established the nontoxic nature of the prepared copolymeric nanoparticles. Further, the reaction profiles for PLA-COOH and NH2-PEGDA-NH2 were elucidated using molecular mechanics energy relationships in vacuum and in a solvated system by exploring the spatial disposition of various

  3. Dose-dependent effects of cisplatin on the severity of testicular injury in Sprague Dawley rats: reactive oxygen species and endoplasmic reticulum stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soni KK

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Kiran Kumar Soni,1 Hye Kyung Kim,2 Bo Ram Choi,1 Keshab Kumar Karna,1 Jae Hyung You,1 Jai Seong Cha,1 Yu Seob Shin,1 Sung Won Lee,3 Chul Young Kim,4 Jong Kwan Park1 1Department of Urology, Institute for Medical Sciences, Chonbuk National University Medical School – Biomedical Research and Institute and Clinical Trial Center for Medical Devices, Chonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, 2College of Pharmacy, Kyungsung University, Busan, 3Department of Urology, Samsung Medical Center, Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Sungkyunkwan University Medical School, Seoul, 4College of Pharmacy, Hanyang University, Ansan, Republic of Korea Abstract: Cisplatin (CIS is used in the treatment of cancer, but its nonspecific systemic actions lead to toxic effects on other parts of the body. This study investigated the severity of CIS toxicity by increasing its dose over a constant time period. Sprague Dawley rats were divided into five treatment groups and control group with CIS (2, 4, 6, 8, and 10 mg/kg administered intraperitoneally for 5 days. The body and organs were weighed, epididymal sperm was counted, and sperm motility and sperm apoptosis were evaluated. Blood samples were evaluated for complete blood count, reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, malondialdehyde levels, and total testosterone. The testicular tissue was examined for steroidogenic acute regulatory protein and endoplasmic reticulum stress protein. Epididymal sperm was collected for CatSper Western blot. The toxic effects of different doses of CIS on the testis and kidney were compared histologically. The weights of body, testis, epididymis, prostate, seminal vesicle, and kidney; sperm count; sperm motility; steroidogenic acute regulatory protein level; and epididymal sperm count were significantly lower in the CIS-treated groups than in the control group. In contrast, sperm apoptosis, plasma reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, and malondialdehyde, testosterone, red blood cell

  4. An efficient density matrix renormalization group algorithm for chains with periodic boundary condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dayasindhu Dey

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The Density Matrix Renormalization Group (DMRG is a state-of-the-art numerical technique for a one dimensional quantum many-body system; but calculating accurate results for a system with Periodic Boundary Condition (PBC from the conventional DMRG has been a challenging job from the inception of DMRG. The recent development of the Matrix Product State (MPS algorithm gives a new approach to find accurate results for the one dimensional PBC system. The most efficient implementation of the MPS algorithm can scale as O(p x m^3, where p can vary from 4 to m^2. In this paper, we propose a new DMRG algorithm, which is very similar to the conventional DMRG and gives comparable accuracy to that of MPS. The computation effort of the new algorithm goes as O(m^3 and the conventional DMRG code can be easily modified for the new algorithm. Received: 2 August 2016, Accepted: 12 October 2016; Edited by: K. Hallberg; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4279/PIP.080006 Cite as: D Dey, D Maiti, M Kumar, Papers in Physics 8, 080006 (2016

  5. Optimizing weight control in diabetes: antidiabetic drug selection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Kalra

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available S Kalra1, B Kalra1, AG Unnikrishnan2, N Agrawal3, S Kumar41Bharti Hospital, Karnal; 2Amrita Institute of Medical Science, Kochi; 3Medical College, Gwalior; 4Excel Life Sciences, Noida, IndiaDate of preparation: 18th August 2010Conflict of interest: SK has received speaker fees from Novo Nordisk, sanofi-aventis, MSD, Eli Lilly, BMS, and AstraZeneca.Clinical question: Which antidiabetic drugs provide optimal weight control in patients with type 2 diabetes?Results: Metformin reduces weight gain, and may cause weight loss, when given alone or in combination with other drugs. Pioglitazone and rosiglitazone use is associated with weight gain. Use of the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1 analogs, liraglutide and exenatide, is associated with weight loss. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4 inhibitors are considered weight-neutral. Results with insulin therapy are conflicting. Insulin detemir provides weight control along with glycemic control.Implementation: • Weight gain is considered an inevitable part of good glycemic control using conventional modalities of treatment such as sulfonylureas.• Use of metformin, weight-sparing insulin analogs such as insulin detemir, and liraglutide, should be encouraged as monotherapy, or in combination with other drugs.Keywords: weight control, diabetes

  6. Financing of SME firms in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashok Thampy

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available A major bottleneck to the growth of the vital Indian small and medium enterprises (SME sector is its lack of adequate access to finance. This paper examines the major issues in the financing of SMEs in the Indian context, such as the information asymmetry facing banks and the efficacy of measures such as credit scoring for SMEs; whether transaction lending would be adequate to address the information issues or would lending have to be based on a relationship with the SME, using both ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ information; and whether the size and origin of the bank affect the availability of credit to SMEs. Ranjana Kumar, a prominent Indian banker who also served, till recently, as the Vigilance Commissioner in the Central Vigilance Commission, speaks on some aspects that are raised in the paper, such as the importance of the credit appraisal and risk assessment processes in today’s banking landscape and the role that banks can play in developing the SME sector in India.

  7. Women Empowerment and Climate Change Adaptation in Northern Quezon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Salome Almario -Desoloc

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available After being hit by a devastating typhoon in late 1994, donations coming from international sources poured. The Sisters of Sion Australia, a church-based group in Real Quezon, did not only facilitate the reconstruction of destroyed houses in the affected areas but also maximized the extra money received through establishing a non-profit women’s organization. This study focused on KUMARE Inc., the NGO that emerged in response to the need of helping people become more responsible in protecting their families against climate change. Focus group discussions and key informant interviews were conducted to provide insight on how microfinance aided in empowering women and mitigating the effects of climate change in Northern Quezon. Results showed that aside from increasing the incomes of families, women became active partners in the development and implementation of environmental projects. Their participation had not only promoted environmental awareness among their families but also other sectors of the community involved in their cause, particularly the local government units that included them in disaster risk management. The findings are discussed in the light of gender and development, social change and partnership.

  8. Vaccine delivery system for tuberculosis based on nano-sized hepatitis B virus core protein particles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhanasooraj D

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Dhananjayan Dhanasooraj, R Ajay Kumar, Sathish MundayoorMycobacterium Research Group, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Kerala, IndiaAbstract: Nano-sized hepatitis B virus core virus-like particles (HBc-VLP are suitable for uptake by antigen-presenting cells. Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigen culture filtrate protein 10 (CFP-10 is an important vaccine candidate against tuberculosis. The purified antigen shows low immune response without adjuvant and tends to have low protective efficacy. The present study is based on the assumption that expression of these proteins on HBc nanoparticles would provide higher protection when compared to the native antigen alone. The cfp-10 gene was expressed as a fusion on the major immunodominant region of HBc-VLP, and the immune response in Balb/c mice was studied and compared to pure proteins, a mixture of antigens, and fusion protein-VLP, all without using any adjuvant. The humoral, cytokine, and splenocyte cell proliferation responses suggested that the HBc-VLP bearing CFP-10 generated an antigen-specific immune response in a Th1-dependent manner. By virtue of its self-adjuvant nature and ability to form nano-sized particles, HBc-VLPs are an excellent vaccine delivery system for use with subunit protein antigens identified in the course of recent vaccine research.Keywords: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, VLP, hepatitis B virus core particle, CFP-10, self-adjuvant, vaccine delivery

  9. Internal deformation of the subducted Nazca slab inferred from seismic anisotropy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eakin, Caroline M.; Long, Maureen D.; Scire, Alissa; Beck, Susan L.; Wagner, Lara S.; Zandt, George; Tavera, Hernando

    2016-01-01

    Within oceanic lithosphere a fossilized fabric is often preserved originating from the time of plate formation. Such fabric is thought to form at the mid-ocean ridge when olivine crystals align with the direction of plate spreading. It is unclear, however, whether this fossil fabric is preserved within slabs during subduction or overprinted by subduction-induced deformation. The alignment of olivine crystals, such as within fossil fabrics, can generate anisotropy that is sensed by passing seismic waves. Seismic anisotropy is therefore a useful tool for investigating the dynamics of subduction zones, but it has so far proved difficult to observe the anisotropic properties of the subducted slab itself. Here we analyse seismic anisotropy in the subducted Nazca slab beneath Peru and find that the fast direction of seismic wave propagation aligns with the contours of the slab. We use numerical modelling to simulate the olivine fabric created at the mid-ocean ridge, but find it is inconsistent with our observations of seismic anisotropy in the subducted Nazca slab. Instead we find that an orientation of the olivine crystal fast axes aligned parallel to the strike of the slab provides the best fit, consistent with along-strike extension induced by flattening of the slab during subduction (A. Kumar et al., manuscript in preparation). We conclude that the fossil fabric has been overprinted during subduction and that the Nazca slab must therefore be sufficiently weak to undergo internal deformation.

  10. Dimensionality reduction, and function approximation of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid micro- and nanoparticle dissolution rate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ojha VK

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Varun Kumar Ojha,1,2 Konrad Jackowski,3 Ajith Abraham,1,4 Václav Snášel1,2 1IT4Innovations, VŠB – Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic; 2Department of Computer Science, VŠB – Technical University of Ostrava, Ostrava, Czech Republic; 3Department of Systems and Computer Networks, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wroclaw, Poland; 4Machine Intelligence Research Labs, Auburn, WA, USA Abstract: Prediction of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA micro- and nanoparticles’ dissolution rates plays a significant role in pharmaceutical and medical industries. The prediction of PLGA dissolution rate is crucial for drug manufacturing. Therefore, a model that predicts the PLGA dissolution rate could be beneficial. PLGA dissolution is influenced by numerous factors (features, and counting the known features leads to a dataset with 300 features. This large number of features and high redundancy within the dataset makes the prediction task very difficult and inaccurate. In this study, dimensionality reduction techniques were applied in order to simplify the task and eliminate irrelevant and redundant features. A heterogeneous pool of several regression algorithms were independently tested and evaluated. In addition, several ensemble methods were tested in order to improve the accuracy of prediction. The empirical results revealed that the proposed evolutionary weighted ensemble method offered the lowest margin of error and significantly outperformed the individual algorithms and the other ensemble techniques. Keywords: feature selection, regression models, ensemble, protein dissolution

  11. Bidding strategies that minimize risk with options and futures contracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Richter, C.W. Jr.; Sheble, G.B. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Electrical and Computer Engineering

    1998-12-31

    This research builds on earlier research in developing bidding strategies through the inclusion of options and future contracts. In the competitive environment, electric traders` profits depends on the implementation of a successful bidding strategy. Bidding strategies are studied in an environment in which distribution companies (DISTCOs) and generation companies (GENCOs), buy and sell power via double auctions in regional commodity exchanges. The market framework being used was proposed by Kumar and Sheble and allows participants to trade in the spot, future, planning and swap markets, and also gives rise to the use of option contracts. Bid-strategy research previously published by the authors focused on increasing electric generators` profit as they participated in a spot/cash market. Here the authors incorporate techniques such as game theory and decision analysis to minimize the risk to the electric utility or energy trader. The goal is to ensure reliable power system operation while also ensuring that contracts are fulfilled and traders adopting the strategies remain profitable. The developed strategies are tested in the electric market trading simulator which can be used off-line to predict whether bid strategies will be profitable and successful.

  12. Components of effective randomized controlled trials of hydrotherapy programs for fibromyalgia syndrome: A systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luke Perraton

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Luke Perraton, Zuzana Machotka, Saravana KumarInternational Centre for Allied Health Evidence, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, AustraliaAim: Previous systematic reviews have found hydrotherapy to be an effective management strategy for fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize the components of hydrotherapy programs used in randomized controlled trials.Method: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials was conducted. Only trials that have reported significant FMS-related outcomes were included. Data relating to the components of hydrotherapy programs (exercise type, duration, frequency and intensity, environmental factors, and service delivery were analyzed.Results: Eleven randomized controlled trials were included in this review. Overall, the quality of trials was good. Aerobic exercise featured in all 11 trials and the majority of hydrotherapy programs included either a strengthening or flexibility component. Great variability was noted in both the environmental components of hydrotherapy programs and service delivery.Conclusions: Aerobic exercise, warm up and cool-down periods and relaxation exercises are common features of hydrotherapy programs that report significant FMS-related outcomes. Treatment duration of 60 minutes, frequency of three sessions per week and an intensity equivalent to 60%–80% maximum heart rate were the most commonly reported exercise components. Exercise appears to be the most important component of an effective hydrotherapy program for FMS, particularly when considering mental health-related outcomes.Keywords: hydrotherapy, fibromyalgia syndrome, exercise, effective, components

  13. Biological restoration in pediatric dentistry: a brief insight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Md, Indira; Singh Dhull, Kanika; Nandlal, B; Kumar Ps, Praveen; Singh Dhull, Rachita

    2014-01-01

    Dental caries is the most prevalent disease in humans, especially during early childhood. The restoration of such an extensive carious lesion should be done properly to reestablish their anatomy and hence their masticatory, phonetic, esthetic and space-maintainer functions in the dental arches. The consequences of premature loss of primary teeth are well known, namely the loss of vertical dimension of occlusion, tongue thrusting and mouth breathing habits, which can be the sources of future malocclusion. Satisfactory restoration of these teeth, improving esthetics, along with the management of space and function has always been a challenge for pediatric dentist. An ever increasing demand for esthetics has led to innovation and development of newer treatment modalities for these problems. In an attempt to widen the treatment options as biologically and conservatively as possible, tooth structure is used as a restorative material to rehabilitate severely destroyed tooth crowns. This technique consists of bonding sterile dental fragments, obtained either from the patient or from a tooth bank, to the teeth. Such a technique was termed as 'biological restoration'. This article aims at reviewing the evolution, techniques and outcome of such biological restorations. How to cite this article: MD Indira, Dhull KS, Nandlal B, Kumar PSP, Dhull RS. Biological Restoration in Pediatric Dentistry: A Brief Insight. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(3):197-201.

  14. PREFACE: Second Meeting of the APS Topical Group on Hadronic Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, David; de Jager, Kees; Roberts, Craig; Sheldon, Paul; Swanson, Eric

    2007-06-01

    The Second Meeting of the APS Topical Group on Hadronic Physics was held on 22-24 October 2006 at the Opryland Resort in Nashville, Tennessee. Keeping with tradition, the meeting was held in conjunction with the Fall meeting of the APS Division of Nuclear Physics. Approximately 90 physicists participated in the meeting, presenting 25 talks in seven plenary sessions and 48 talks in 11 parallel sessions. These sessions covered a wide range of topics related to strongly interacting matter. Among these were charm spectroscopy, gluonic exotics, nucleon resonance physics, RHIC physics, electroweak and spin physics, lattice QCD initiatives, and new facilities. Brad Tippens and Brad Keister provided perspective from the funding agencies. The organisers are extremely grateful to the following institutions for financial and logistical support: the American Physical Society, Jefferson Lab, Brookhaven National Laboratory, and Vanderbilt University. We thank the following persons for assisting in organising the parallel sessions: Ted Barnes, Jian-Ping Chen, Ed Kinney, Krishna Kumar, Harry Lee, Mike Leitch, Kam Seth, and Dennis Weygand. We also thank Gerald Ragghianti for designing the conference poster, Will Johns for managing the audio-visual equipment and for placing the talks on the web, Sandy Childress for administrative expertise, and Vanderbilt graduate students Eduardo Luiggi and Jesus Escamillad for their assistance. David Ernst, Kees de Jager, Craig Roberts (Chair), Paul Sheldon and Eric Swanson Editors

  15. 50 years of brown dwarfs from prediction to discovery to forefront of research

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    The years 2012/2013 mark the 50th anniversary of the theoretical prediction that Brown Dwarfs, i.e. degenerate objects which are just not massive enough to sustain stable hydrogen fusion, exist. Some 20 years after their discovery, how Brown Dwarfs form is still one of the main open questions in the theory of star formation. In this volume, the pioneers of Brown Dwarf research review the history of the theoretical prediction and the subsequent discovery of Brown Dwarfs. After an introduction, written by Viki Joergens, reviewing Shiv Kumar's theoretical prediction of the existence of brown dwarfs, Takenori Nakano reviews his and Hayashi's calculation of the Hydrogen Burning Minimum Mass. Both predictions happened in the early 1960s. Jill Tarter then writes on the introduction of the term 'Brown Dwarf', before Ben Oppenheimer, Rafael Rebolo and Gibor Basri describe their first discovery of Brown Dwarfs in the 1990s. Lastly, Michael Cushing and Isabelle Baraffe describe the development of the field to the curren...

  16. Effect of pressure on nanomaterials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharma, Uma D. [Department of Physics, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar-263145 (India); Kumar, M., E-mail: munish_dixit@yahoo.co [Department of Physics, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar-263145 (India)

    2010-07-01

    A simple theory is proposed to predict the effect of pressure on nanomaterials, which gets support from the Mie-Gruneisen theory of thermal expansivity as formulated by Born and Huang. We considered LiAlSi{sub 2}O{sub 6} to study the effect of pressure in the light of other formulations, viz. Murnaghan, Birch-Murnaghan, Vinet and Kumar. The results obtained are found to present a good agreement with the experimental data as well as other formulations. To confirm the validity of the formulation, we applied the method to study the compression behaviour of a number of nanomaterials, viz. CdSe, Rb{sub 3}C{sub 60}, Ni(20 nm), carbon nanotube, {gamma}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, {epsilon}-Fe (Hexagonal iron), MgO, CuO, {gamma}-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (67 nm), {alpha}-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, {alpha}-Fe (filled nanotube), TiO{sub 2} (anatase), 3C-SiC (30 nm), TiO{sub 2} (rutile phase), Zr{sub 0.1}Ti{sub 0.9}O{sub 2}, AlN (hexagonal), {gamma}-Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, Ni-filled MWCNT and Fe-filled MWCNT. The results obtained are compared with the experimental data. A good agreement between theory and experiment demonstrates the validity of the present approach.

  17. Prediction of the beta-hairpins in proteins using support vector machine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Xiu Zhen; Li, Qian Zhong

    2008-02-01

    By using of the composite vector with increment of diversity and scoring function to express the information of sequence, a support vector machine (SVM) algorithm for predicting beta-hairpin motifs is proposed. The prediction is done on a dataset of 3,088 non homologous proteins containing 6,027 beta-hairpins. The overall accuracy of prediction and Matthew's correlation coefficient are 79.9% and 0.59 for the independent testing dataset. In addition, a higher accuracy of 83.3% and Matthew's correlation coefficient of 0.67 in the independent testing dataset are obtained on a dataset previously used by Kumar et al. (Nuclic Acid Res 33:154-159). The performance of the method is also evaluated by predicting the beta-hairpins of in the CASP6 proteins, and the better results are obtained. Moreover, this method is used to predict four kinds of supersecondary structures. The overall accuracy of prediction is 64.5% for the independent testing dataset.

  18. Kinetic Study of Esterification of Acetic Acid with n-butanol and isobutanol Catalyzed by Ion Exchange Resin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amrit Pal Toor

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Esters are an important pharmaceutical intermediates and very useful perfumery agents. In this study the esterification of acetic acid with n-butanol and iso-butanol over an acidic cation exchange resin, Amberlyst 15 were carried out. The effects of certain parameters such as temperature, catalyst loading, initial molar ratio between reactants on the rate of reaction were studied. The experiments were conducted in a stirred batch reactor in the temperature range of 351.15 K to 366.15K.Variation of parameters on rate of reaction demonstrated that the reaction was intrinsically controlled.The activation energy for the esterification of acetic acid with n-butanol and iso butanol is found to be 28.45 k J/mol and 23.29 kJ/mol respectively. ©2011 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved.(Received: 16th December 2010, Revised: 19th March 2011; Accepted: 7th April 2011[How to Cite: A.P. Toor, M. Sharma, G. Kumar, and R. K. Wanchoo. (2011. Kinetic Study of Esterification of Acetic Acid with n-butanol and isobutanol Catalyzed by Ion Exchange Resin. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Catalysis, 6(1: 23-30. doi:10.9767/bcrec.6.1.665.23-30][How to Link / DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.6.1.665.23-30 || or local: http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/bcrec/article/view/665 ] | View in 

  19. Preparation and Characterization of Acid and Alkaline Treated Kaolin Clay

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sachin Kumar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Kaolin was refluxed with HNO3, HCl, H3PO4, CH3COOH, and NaOH of 3M concentration at 110 °C for 4 hours followed by calcination at 550 °C for 2 hours. The physico-chemical characteristics of resulted leached kaolinite clay were studied by XRF, XRD, FTIR, TGA, DTA, SEM and N2 adsorption techniques. XRF and FTIR study indicate that acid treatment under reflux conditions lead to the removal of the octahedral Al3+ cations along with other impurities. XRD of acid treated clay shows that, the peak intensity was found to decrease. Extent of leaching of Al3+ ions is different for different acid/base treatment. The acid treatment increased the Si/Al ratio, surface area and pore volume of the clay. Thus, the treated kaolin clay can be used as promising adsorbent and catalyst supports. © 2013 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reservedReceived: 1st March 2013; Revised: 9th April 2013; Accepted: 19th April 2013[How to Cite: Kumar, S., Panda, A. K., Singh, R.K. (2013. Preparation and Characterization of Acids and Alkali Treated Kaolin Clay. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis, 8 (1: 61-69. (doi:10.9767/bcrec.8.1.4530.61-69][Permalink/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.8.1.4530.61-69] |View in  |

  20. Mixed fluvial systems of Messak Sandstone, a deposit of Nubian lithofacies, southwestern Libya

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lorenz, J.C.

    1987-05-01

    The Messak Sandstone is a coarse to pebbly, tabular cross-bedded, Lower Cretaceous deposit of the widespread Nubian lithofacies. It was deposited at the northern edge of the Murzuq basin in southwestern Libya. Although the sedimentary record is predominantly one of braided fluvial systems, a common subfacies within the formation is interpreted to record the passage of straight-crested sand waves across laterally migrating point bars in sinuous rivers, similar to the pattern documented by Singh and Kumar on the modern Ganga and Yamuna Rivers. Because the sand waves were larger on the lower parts of the point bars, lateral migration created diagnostic thinning-upward, unidirectional cosets of tabular cross-beds as well as fining-upward, grain-size trends. Common, thick, interbedded claystones, deposited in associated paludal and lacustrine environments, and high variance in cross-bed dispersion patterns also suggest the local presence of sinuous fluvial systems within the overall braided regime. The Messak Sandstone contains some of the features that led Harms et al to propose an unconventional low-sinuosity fluvial environment for the Nubian lithofacies in Egypt, and the continuously high water levels of this model may explain channel-scale clay drapes and overturned cross-beds in the Messak. However, most of the Messak characteristics are incompatible with the low-sinuosity model, suggesting instead that the fluvial channels in the Murzuq basin alternated between braided and high-sinuosity patterns.

  1. The Effect of Subsurface Parameterizations on Modeled Flows in the Catchment Land Surface Model, Fortuna 2.5

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roningen, J. M.; Eylander, J. B.

    2014-12-01

    Groundwater use and management is subject to economic, legal, technical, and informational constraints and incentives at a variety of spatial and temporal scales. Planned and de facto management practices influenced by tax structures, legal frameworks, and agricultural and trade policies that vary at the country scale may have medium- and long-term effects on the ability of a region to support current and projected agricultural and industrial development. USACE is working to explore and develop global-scale, physically-based frameworks to serve as a baseline for hydrologic policy comparisons and consequence assessment, and such frameworks must include a reasonable representation of groundwater systems. To this end, we demonstrate the effects of different subsurface parameterizations, scaling, and meteorological forcings on surface and subsurface components of the Catchment Land Surface Model Fortuna v2.5 (Koster et al. 2000). We use the Land Information System 7 (Kumar et al. 2006) to process model runs using meteorological components of the Air Force Weather Agency's AGRMET forcing data from 2006 through 2011. Seasonal patterns and trends are examined in areas of the Upper Nile basin, northern China, and the Mississippi Valley. We also discuss the relevance of the model's representation of the catchment deficit with respect to local hydrogeologic structures.

  2. Thrombocytopenia absent radius syndrome with Tetralogy of Fallot: a rare association

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    Kumar C

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Chetan Kumar,1 Deepak Sharma,2 Aakash Pandita,2 Sanjay Bhalerao1 1Department of Pediatrics, Madras Institute of Orthopedic and Trauma, Manapakkam, Chennai, India; 2Department of Neonatology, Fernandez Hospital, Hyderabad, India Abstract: Thrombocytopenia absent radius (TAR syndrome is a very rare and infrequently seen congenital disorder with an approximate frequency of 0.42/100,000 live births. It is associated with bilateral absence of radii, hypo-megakaryocytic thrombocytopenia, and presence of both thumbs. The other systems which are affected by TAR syndrome include skeletal, hematologic, and cardiac systems. Intracranial hemorrhages due to thrombocytopenia and cardiac disorders are a common association usually seen with this syndrome and are usual cause of death. We describe a 3-month-old infant who was diagnosed with TAR syndrome on the basis of clinical features (thrombocytopenia and bilateral absent radius bone and confirmed by genetic analysis. The patient was diagnosed to have Tetralogy of Fallot, for which the infant was managed with definitive repair and thrombocytopenia was managed with platelet transfusion. Infants with TAR syndrome should be assessed for other associated malformations of various systems and followed up regularly and parents should be counseled for associated expected complications in these patients. We report an infant with TAR syndrome with Tetralogy of Fallot, which has not been reported in medical literature until now and this is the first case of its type. Keywords: thrombocytopenia absent radius syndrome, Tetralogy of Fallot, microdeletion 1q21.1, RBM8A

  3. A CLINICO- HEMATOLOGICAL STUDY IN CASES OF PANCYTO PENIA: CORRELATION OF AUTOMATED CELL COUNTER PARAMETERS IN VARIOUS ETIOLOGIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soma

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available ORIGINAL ARTICLE Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences / Volume 2/ Issue 22/ June 3, 2013 Page 4013 A CLINICO- HEMATOLOGICAL STUDY IN CASES OF PANCYTO PENIA: CORRELATION OF AUTOMATED CELL COUNTER PARAMETERS IN VARIOUS ETIOLOGIES Soma Yadav 1 , Rashmi Kushwaha 2 , Kamal Aggrawal 3 , A.K Tripathi 4 , U.S Singh 5 , Ashutosh Kumar 6 . 1. Junior Resident, Department. Of pathology, King George’s Medical Uni versity 2. Assistant Professor, Department. Of pathology, King George’s Medical University 3. Professor, Department. Of pathology, King George’s Medical University 4. Professor and Head, Department. Of Clinical Hematol ogy, King George’s Medical University 5. Professor, Department. Of pathology, King George’s Medical University 6. Professor and officer in charge, Lymphoma- Leukemia Lab, Department. Of pathology, King George’s Medic al University. CORRESPONDING AUTHOR: Dr. Rashmi Kushwaha, King George’s Medical University, Lucknow. E-mail: docrashmi27@yahoo.co.in

  4. Influence of Delhi Pollution on Aerosol Properties Over Greater Noida

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, M.; Singh, R. P.; Kumar, R.

    2015-12-01

    Influence of Delhi Pollution on Aerosol Properties over Greater NoidaManish Sharma1, Ramesh P. Singh2 and Rajesh Kumar3 1Research and Technology Development Centre, Sharda University, Greater Noida, India. 2School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Schmid College of Science, Chapman University, Orange 92866, USA 3School of Basic Sciences and Research, Sharda University, Greater Noida, India. Delhi capital of India is highly polluted during winter and summer seasons. Due to dominant westerly winds the air mass influence its neighboring city Greater Noida which is located 60 km south east of Delhi. Detailed analysis of multi satellite data and ground observations have been carried out during 2001-2015. The ground observation and satellite data show dynamic aerosol optical parameters over Greater Noida. During winter and summer seasons, dominant westerly wind outflow pollutants of Delhi that mix with the local anthropogenic emissions of Greater Noida influencing aerosol properties at different pressure levels. The characteristics of trace gases and aerosol parameters over Delhi and Greater Noida will be presented. The air quality is severely affected from the outflow of pollutants from Delhi which is threat to people living in the area. Due to dominant winds the air mass further transported towards eastern parts of Indo-Gangetic plains affecting weather conditions of the major cities.

  5. Thermal conductivity of supercooled water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biddle, John W; Holten, Vincent; Sengers, Jan V; Anisimov, Mikhail A

    2013-04-01

    The heat capacity of supercooled water, measured down to -37°C, shows an anomalous increase as temperature decreases. The thermal diffusivity, i.e., the ratio of the thermal conductivity and the heat capacity per unit volume, shows a decrease. These anomalies may be associated with a hypothesized liquid-liquid critical point in supercooled water below the line of homogeneous nucleation. However, while the thermal conductivity is known to diverge at the vapor-liquid critical point due to critical density fluctuations, the thermal conductivity of supercooled water, calculated as the product of thermal diffusivity and heat capacity, does not show any sign of such an anomaly. We have used mode-coupling theory to investigate the possible effect of critical fluctuations on the thermal conductivity of supercooled water and found that indeed any critical thermal-conductivity enhancement would be too small to be measurable at experimentally accessible temperatures. Moreover, the behavior of thermal conductivity can be explained by the observed anomalies of the thermodynamic properties. In particular, we show that thermal conductivity should go through a minimum when temperature is decreased, as Kumar and Stanley observed in the TIP5P model of water. We discuss physical reasons for the striking difference between the behavior of thermal conductivity in water near the vapor-liquid and liquid-liquid critical points.

  6. Time delay Analysis of the Lensed Quasar SDSS J1001+5027

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghamousa, Amir; Shafieloo, Arman

    2017-01-01

    We modify the algorithm we proposed in Aghamousa & Shafieloo for the time delay estimation of strongly lensed systems incorporating the weighted cross-correlation and weighted summation of correlation coefficients. We show the high performance of this algorithm by applying it to Time Delay Challenge (TDC1) simulated data. We apply then our proposed method to the light curves of the lensed quasar SDSS J1001+5027 since this system has been well studied by other groups, to compare our results with their findings. In this work we propose a new estimator, the “mirror” estimator, along with a list of criteria for reliability testing of the estimation. Our mirror estimator results are -{117.1}-3.7+7.1 and -{117.1}-8.8+7.2 using simple Monte Carlo simulations and simulated light curves provided by Rathna Kumar et al., respectively. Although the TDC1 simulations do not reflect the properties of the SDSS J1001+5027 light curves, using these simulations results in a smaller uncertainty, which shows that the higher quality observations can lead to a substantially more precise time delay estimation. Our time delay estimation is in agreement with the findings of the other groups for this strongly lensed system, and the difference in the size of the error bars reflects the importance of appropriate light curve simulations.

  7. Abortion stigma: a reconceptualization of constituents, causes, and consequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norris, Alison; Bessett, Danielle; Steinberg, Julia R; Kavanaugh, Megan L; De Zordo, Silvia; Becker, Davida

    2011-01-01

    Stigmatization is a deeply contextual, dynamic social process; stigma from abortion is the discrediting of individuals as a result of their association with abortion. Abortion stigma is under-researched and under-theorized, and the few existing studies focus only on women who have had abortions. We build on this work, drawing from the social science literature to describe three groups whom we posit are affected by abortion stigma: Women who have had abortions, individuals who work in facilities that provide abortion, and supporters of women who have had abortions, including partners, family, and friends, as well as abortion researchers and advocates. Although these groups are not homogeneous, some common experiences within the groups--and differences between the groups--help to illuminate how people manage abortion stigma and begin to reveal the roots of this stigma itself. We discuss five reasons why abortion is stigmatized, beginning with the rationale identified by Kumar, Hessini, and Mitchell: The violation of female ideals of sexuality and motherhood. We then suggest additional causes of abortion stigma, including attributing personhood to the fetus, legal restrictions, the idea that abortion is dirty or unhealthy, and the use of stigma as a tool for anti-abortion efforts. Although not exhaustive, these causes of abortion stigma illustrate how it is made manifest for affected groups. Understanding abortion stigma will inform strategies to reduce it, which has direct implications for improving access to care and better health for those whom stigma affects.

  8. Observations on arbuscular mycorrhiza associated with important edible tuberous plants grown in wet evergreen forest in Assam, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAJA RISHI

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Kumar R, Tapwal A, Pandey S, Rishi R, Borah D. 2013. Observations on arbuscular mycorrhiza associated with important edible tuberous plants grown in wet evergreen forest in Assam, India. Biodiversitas 14: 67-72. Non-timber forest products constitute an important source of livelihood for rural households from forest fringe communities across the world. Utilization of wild edible tuber plants is an integral component of their culture. Mycorrhizal associations influence the establishment and production of tuber plants under field conditions.The aim of present study is to explore the diversity and arbuscular mycorrhizal (AMF colonization of wild edible tuber plants grown in wet evergreen forest of Assam, India. A survey was conducted in 2009-10 in Sunaikuchi, Khulahat, and Bura Mayong reserved forest of Morigaon district of Assam to determine the AMF spore population in rhizosphere soils and root colonization of 14 tuberous edible plants belonging to five families. The results revealed AMF colonization of all selected species in all seasons. The percent colonization and spore count was less in summer, moderate in winter and highest in rainy season. Seventeen species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi were recorded in four genera viz. Acaulospora (7 species, Glomus (5 species, Sclerocystis (3 species and Gigaspora (2 species.

  9. DILLENIA INDICA (OUTENGA AS ANTI-DIABETIC HERB FOUND IN ASSAM: A REVIW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Apurba Talukdar et al

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Dillenia Indica, commonly known as elephant apple and locally known as outenga, is the handsome evergreen tree grows in the moist forest of sub-Himalayan region to Assam. The fruit grows in abundance and due to lack of knowledge and technical knowledge; most of these fruits are wasted. In Assam, traditionally the unripe fruits are used to make curries because of its sour taste and ripe fruits are making pickles. The fruits are generally high in fibre and due to presence of gummy substances, extraction of juice becomes difficult. The plant grows about 15 m tall. Not only the fruits have medicinal values but the leaves and the bark also showed numerous pharmacological activity. The studies showed that the plant possesses various activities like Antimicrobial, Antioxidant, Analgesic, Anti-inflammatory, dysentery, Antidiabetic etc. The fruits and the juice of the plant are traditionally used for the treatment of various diseases and one of the major diseases is Diabetes Mellitus. It was also proved from the review of literatures that this plant possesses some antidiabetic properties (Sunil kumar et.al. Thus in this review we gave some emphasise on the traditional and clinical use of Dillenia Indica (outenga or elephant apple as an antidiabetic herb.

  10. Are There Two Forms of Liquid Water?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley, H. E.

    We will introduce some of the 73 documented anomalies of the most complex of liquids, water--focusing on recent progress in understanding these anomalies by combining information provided by recent experiments and simulations on water in bulk, nanoconfined and biological environments designed to test the hypothesis that liquid water has behavior consistent with the novel phenomenon of ``liquid polymorphism'' in that water can exist in two distinct phases [1]. We will also discuss very recent work on nanoconfined water anomalies as well as the apparently related, and highly unusual, behavior of water in biological environments. Finally, we will discuss how the general concept of liquid polymorphism is proving useful in understanding anomalies in other liquids, such as silicon, silica, and carbon, as well as metallic glasses, which have in common that they are characterized by two characteristic length scales in their interactions.This work has been supported by the NSF Chemistry Division grant CHE-1213217 and was performed in collaboration with, among others, C. A. Angell, S. V. Buldyrev, S.-H. Chen, D. Corradini, P. G. Debenedetti, G. Franzese, P. Kumar, E. Lascaris, F. Mallamace, O. Mishima, P. H. Poole, S. Sastry, F. Sciortino, and L. Xu. H. E. Stanley, Editor, Liquid Polymorphism, Vol. 152 in Advances in Chemical Physics, S. A. Rice, Series Editor (Wiley, New York, 2013).

  11. Extrapolation of acenocoumarol pharmacogenetic algorithms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez-Varo, Enrique; Cañadas-Garre, Marisa; Garcés-Robles, Víctor; Gutiérrez-Pimentel, María José; Calleja-Hernández, Miguel Ángel

    2015-11-01

    Acenocoumarol (ACN) has a narrow therapeutic range that is especially difficult to control at the start of its administration. Various dosing pharmacogenetic-guided dosing algorithms have been developed, but further work on their external validation is required. The aim of this study was to evaluate the extrapolation of pharmacogenetic algorithms for ACN as an alternative to the development of a specific algorithm for a given population. The predictive performance, deviation, accuracy, and clinical significance of five pharmacogenetic algorithms (EU-PACT, Borobia, Rathore, Markatos, Krishna Kumar) were compared in 189 stable ACN patients representing all indications for anticoagulant treatment. The correlation between the dose predictions of the five pharmacogenetic models ranged from 7.7 to 70.6% and the percentage of patients with a correct prediction (deviation ≤20% from actual ACN dose) ranged from 5.9 to 40.7%. EU-PACT and Borobia pharmacogenetic dosing algorithms were the most accurate in our setting and evidenced the best clinical performance. Among the five models studied, the EU-PACT and Borobia pharmacogenetic dosing algorithms demonstrated the best potential for extrapolation. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. The interplay of nuclear and Coulomb effects in proton breakup from exotic nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Kumar, Ravinder

    2012-01-01

    This paper gives new insight to the study of dynamical effects in proton breakup as compared to neutron breakup from a weakly bound state in an exotic nucleus. Following our recent work [Ravinder Kumar and Angela Bonaccorso, Phys. Rev. C84 014613 (2011)] there has been some discussion in the literature [B. Paes, J. Lubiana, P.R.S. Gomes, V. Guimar\\~aes, Nucl. Phys. A890 1 (2012); Y. Kucuk and A. M. Moro, Phys. Rev. C86 034601 (2012)], thus in order to clarify and asses quantitatively which mechanism would dominate measured observables, we study here several reaction mechanisms separately but also their total including interference. These mechanisms are: the recoil effect of the core-target Coulomb potential which we distinguish from the direct proton-target Coulomb potential and nuclear breakup, which consists of stripping and diffraction. Direct Coulomb breakup typically gives cross sections about an order of magnitude larger than the recoil term and the amount of nuclear diffraction vs. Coulomb depends on t...

  13. Mobile reminders to improve opportunistic screening of type 2 diabetes mellitus: Data documentation and data analysis plan of a randomized trial data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hemant Deepak Shewade

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This Data in Brief article contains individual level data of a randomized trial in a primary care setting. This trial offered mobile reminder to follow up for definitive tests during opportunistic screening of diabetes mellitus in Puducherry, India (2014. (“Effect of mobile reminders on screening yield during opportunistic screening for type 2 diabetes mellitus in a primary health care setting: a randomized trial” (Kumar et al., 2015 [1] Variables collected included the baseline characteristics of study participants (n=390 and information on initial screening and eligibility for definitive test, study group (intervention/control, follow up for definitive test and definitive test results. The data was double entered with adequate checks and validated in EpiData. Final data after correcting the data entry errors has been shared here. In addition, we have shared data entry plan, EpiData triplet files for data entry and program file for data analysis. They may be used by other researchers who intend to replicate this research in their setting.

  14. Brown Dwarfs From Mythical to Ubiquitous

    CERN Document Server

    Liebert, J

    1998-01-01

    Astrophysical objects below the stellar mass limit but well above the mass of Jupiter eluded discovery for nearly three decades after Kumar first proposed their existence, and for two decades after Tarter proposed the name "brown dwarfs." The first unambiguous discoveries of planetary (51 Peg B) and brown dwarf (Gliese 229B) companions occurred about three years ago. Yet while extrasolar planets are now being discovered at a breathtaking rate, brown dwarf companions to ordinary stars are apparently rare; likewise imaging surveys show that GL229B is still unique as a distant companion to a low mass star. On the other hand, the deep imaging studies of the Pleiades and several imbedded young clusters show that the mass function (ie. of single objects) extends in substantial numbers down to at least 40 Jupiter masses. The high mass / stellar density Orion Nebula Cluster may have relatively fewer low mass objects. In the field of the solar neighborhood, the infrared sky surveys DENIS and especially 2MASS show that...

  15. Performance of the Eschenauer-Gligor key distribution scheme under an ON/OFF channel

    CERN Document Server

    Yagan, Osman

    2011-01-01

    We investigate the secure connectivity of wireless sensor networks under the random key distribution scheme of Eschenauer and Gligor. Unlike recent work which was carried out under the assumption of full visibility, here we assume a (simplified) communication model where unreliable wireless links are represented as on/off channels. We present conditions on how to scale the model parameters so that the network i) has no secure node which is isolated and ii) is securely connected, both with high probability when the number of sensor nodes becomes large. The results are given in the form of full zero-one laws, and constitute the first complete analysis of the EG scheme under non-full visibility. Through simulations these zero-one laws are shown to be valid also under a more realistic communication model, i.e., the disk model. The relations to the Gupta and Kumar's conjecture on the connectivity of geometric random graphs with randomly deleted edges are also discussed.

  16. AGE CLASSIFICATION BASED ON FEATURES EXTRACTED FROM THIRD ORDER NEIGHBORHOOD LOCAL BINARY PATTERN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pullela S.V.V.S.R. Kumar

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The present paper extended the work carried out by Kumar et. al. [10] on Third order Neighbourhood LBP (TN-LBP and derived an approach that estimates pattern trends on the outer cell of TN-LBP. The present paper observed and noted that the TN-LBP forms two types of V-patterns on the outer cell of TN-LBP i.e. Outer Right V Patterns (ORVP and Outer Left V Patterns (OLVP. The ORLP and OLVP of TN-LBP consist of 5 pixels each. The present paper derived Grey Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM features based on LBP values of ORVP and OLVP. This GLCM is named as ORLVP-GLCM (Outer cell Right and Left V-Patterns of GLCM and on this four features are evaluated to classify human into child (0 to 12 years, young (13 to 30 years, middle aged (31 to 50 years and senior adult (above 60 years. The proposed method is experimented on FGNET, GOOGLE and Scanned facial images and the results are compared with the existing methods. The results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed method over the existing methods.

  17. CRICKET CLUB

    CERN Multimedia

    CRICKET CLUB

    2010-01-01

    CERN CC v Cossonay CC at CERN on Sunday, August 22nd, 2010   On a hot sunny August afternoon, CERN entertained Cossonay in a friendly match at CERN. Skipper Elvin won the toss and elected to bat, thus ignoring groundsman Osborne’s suggestion to bat second due to residual dew dampening the outfield. CERN started and were fortunate not to lose a wicket in the opening couple of overs, however this luck would soon run out as Osborne, going for a typical lofted drive was well caught at mid-on. CERN soon found themselves in trouble at 30-4 after 9 overs, but the introduction of Ahmed would demonstrate that boundary scoring was possible as he powered his way to 54, ably helped by Elvin (25), before informing his partner he was tired, and a shot that looked to be bound for another 6 was caught at wide long on from the last ball of the over. Crook (14) would then face the next delivery, and in typical fashion, he told his new partner S. Kumar that there was plenty of time and that the big shots ...

  18. CUDA programs for solving the time-dependent dipolar Gross-Pitaevskii equation in an anisotropic trap

    CERN Document Server

    Loncar, Vladimir; Bogojevic, Aleksandar; Skrbic, Srdjan; Muruganandam, Paulsamy; Adhikari, Sadhan K

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we present new versions of previously published numerical programs for solving the dipolar Gross-Pitaevskii (GP) equation including the contact interaction in two and three spatial dimensions in imaginary and in real time, yielding both stationary and non-stationary solutions. New versions of programs were developed using CUDA toolkit and can make use of Nvidia GPU devices. The algorithm used is the same split-step semi-implicit Crank-Nicolson method as in the previous version (R. Kishor Kumar et al., Comput. Phys. Commun. 195, 117 (2015)), which is here implemented as a series of CUDA kernels that compute the solution on the GPU. In addition, the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) library used in the previous version is replaced by cuFFT library, which works on CUDA-enabled GPUs. We present speedup test results obtained using new versions of programs and demonstrate an average speedup of 12 to 25, depending on the program and input size.

  19. 12th International Symposium on Experimental Robotics

    CERN Document Server

    Kumar, Vijay; Sukhatme, Gaurav

    2014-01-01

    The International Symposium on Experimental Robotics (ISER) is a series of bi-annual meetings which are organized in a rotating fashion around North America, Europe and Asia/Oceania. The goal of  ISER is to provide a forum for research in robotics that focuses on novelty of theoretical contributions validated by experimental results. The meetings are conceived to bring together, in a small group setting, researchers from around the world who are in the forefront of experimental robotics research. This unique reference presents the latest advances across the various fields of robotics, with ideas that are not only conceived conceptually but also explored experimentally. It collects robotics contributions on the current developments and new directions in the field of experimental robotics, which are based on the papers presented at the 12th ISER held on December 18-21, 2010 in New Delhi and Agra, India.This present twelfth edition of Experimental Robotics edited by Oussama Khatib, Vijay Kumar and Gaurav Sukha...

  20. Rapid detection of Brucella spp. using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shouyi; Li, Xunde; Li, Juntao; Atwill, Edward R

    2013-01-01

    Brucella spp. are facultative intracellular bacteria that cause zoonotic disease of brucellosis worldwide. Livestock that are most vulnerable to brucellosis include cattle, goats, and pigs. Brucella spp. cause serious health problems to humans and animals and economic losses to the livestock industry. Traditional methods for detection of Brucella spp. take 48-72 h (Kumar et al., J Commun Dis 29:131-137, 1997; Barrouin-Melo et al., Res Vet Sci 83:340-346, 2007) that do not meet the food industry's need of rapid detection. Therefore, there is an urgent need of fast, specific, sensitive, and inexpensive method for diagnosing of Brucella spp. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) is a method to amplify nucleic acid at constant temperatures. Amplification can be detected by visual detection, fluorescent stain, turbidity, and electrophoresis. We targeted at the Brucella-specific gene omp25 and designed LAMP primers for detection of Brucella spp. Amplification of DNA with Bst DNA polymerase can be completed at 65 °C in 60 min. Amplified products can be detected by SYBR Green I stain and 2.0% agarose gel electrophoresis. The LAMP method is feasible for detection of Brucella spp. from blood and milk samples.

  1. Nanomedicine: towards development of patient-friendly drug-delivery systems for oncological applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranganathan R

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Ramya Ranganathan1,*, Shruthilaya Madanmohan1,*, Akila Kesavan1, Ganga Baskar1, Yoganathan Ramia Krishnamoorthy2, Roy Santosham3, D Ponraju4, Suresh Kumar Rayala2, Ganesh Venkatraman1 1Department of Human Genetics, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, 2Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, 3Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai, 4Safety Engineering Division, Nuclear and Engineering Safety Group, Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, India*Authors contributed equally to this workAbstract: The focus on nanotechnology in cancer treatment and diagnosis has intensified due to the serious side effects caused by anticancer agents as a result of their cytotoxic actions on normal cells. This nonspecific action of chemotherapy has awakened a need for formulations capable of definitive targeting with enhanced tumor-killing. Nanooncology, the application of nanobiotechnology to the management of cancer, is currently the most important area of nanomedicine. Currently several nanomaterial-based drug-delivery systems are in vogue and several others are in various stages of development. Tumor-targeted drug-delivery systems are envisioned as magic bullets for cancer therapy and several groups are working globally for development of robust systems.Keywords: patient-friendly, drug-delivery systems, cancer, nanomedicine

  2. A Polarized Light Microscopic Study to Comparatively evaluate Four Remineralizing Agents on Enamel viz CPP-ACPF, ReminPro, SHY-NM and Colgate Strong Teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajan, Reshma; Krishnan, Ramesh; Bhaskaran, Bibin; Kumar, Suresh V

    2015-01-01

    To compare and evaluate the remineralizing potential of four commercially available products namely SHY-NM, GC Tooth Mousse Plus, ReminPro and Colgate strong teeth on demineralized human teeth. The study included 50 extracted premolars having 3 × 3 mm window prepared on the middle third of the tooth, which was then subjected to demineralization for 48 hours at 37°C. Teeth were randomly selected and grouped into five study groups of 10 teeth in each. Each group was treated with respective remineralizing agent and sectioned using hard-tissue microtome. Each section obtained was visualized under polarized light microscope and analyzed using Image J software. The statistically evaluated results revealed that SHY-NM has the most remineralizing potential followed by ReminPro, GC Tooth Mousse Plus and fluoridated toothpaste. Based on the study, the SHY-NM was superior to the GC Tooth Mousse Plus, ReminPro and Colgate strong teeth on demineralized human teeth. How to cite this article: Rajan R, Krishnan R, Bhaskaran B, Kumar SV. A Polarized Light Microscopic Study to Comparatively evaluate Four Remineralizing Agents on Enamel viz CPP-ACPF, ReminPro, SHY-NM and Colgate Strong Teeth. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2015;8(1):42-47.

  3. Macro-fungal diversity and nutrient content of some edible mushrooms of Nagaland, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RAJESH KUMAR

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Kumar R, Tapwal A, Pandey S, Borah RK, Borah DP, Borgohain J. 2013. Macro-fungal diversity and nutrient content of some edible mushrooms of Nagaland, India. Nusantara Bioscience 5: 1-7. The northeast region of India abounds in forest wealth, including variety of flora and fauna. The high humidity during monsoon period provides ideal atmospheric conditions for the growth of diverse group of macrofungal fruit bodies. Nagaland, the northeastern state of India is rich in biodiversity and encompasses large numbers edible and non-edible mushroom species. Young and matured carpophores of 15 wild edible mushroom species were collected from 12 locations in different districts of Nagaland. Out of these four species belongs to family Agaricaceae, two belongs to Tricholomataceae and rest belongs to Boletaceae, Cantherallaceae, Russulaceae, Sarcoscyphaceae, Auriculariaceae, Polyporaceae, Schizophyllaceae, Pleurotaceae and Lyophyllaceae. The selected species were analyzed for proximate analysis of nutritional values. The protein content varies from 22.50-44.93% and carbohydrates were recorded 32.43-52.07% in selected species. The documentation of wild edible mushrooms is very scanty in Northeast India. The key objective of the present study was to generate a database on macrofungal diversity, ecology, ethnomycology, utilization and nutrient status of important wild edible mushroom species of Nagaland, which forms a part of the food culture of the native peoples.

  4. Regenerative nanomedicine: current perspectives and future directions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaudhury K

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Koel Chaudhury, Vishu Kumar, Jayaprakash Kandasamy, Sourav RoyChoudhurySchool of Medical Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal, IndiaAbstract: Nanotechnology has considerably accelerated the growth of regenerative medicine in recent years. Application of nanotechnology in regenerative medicine has revolutionized the designing of grafts and scaffolds which has resulted in new grafts/scaffold systems having significantly enhanced cellular and tissue regenerative properties. Since the cell–cell and cell-matrix interaction in biological systems takes place at the nanoscale level, the application of nanotechnology gives an edge in modifying the cellular function and/or matrix function in a more desired way to mimic the native tissue/organ. In this review, we focus on the nanotechnology-based recent advances and trends in regenerative medicine and discussed under individual organ systems including bone, cartilage, nerve, skin, teeth, myocardium, liver and eye. Recent studies that are related to the design of various types of nanostructured scaffolds and incorporation of nanomaterials into the matrices are reported. We have also documented reports where these materials and matrices have been compared for their better biocompatibility and efficacy in supporting the damaged tissue. In addition to the recent developments, future directions and possible challenges in translating the findings from bench to bedside are outlined.Keywords: regenerative medicine, nanomedicine, nanotechnology

  5. Atherogenic dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus: what’s new in the management arena?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajoy Kumar

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Ajoy Kumar1, Vibhuti Singh21Bayfront Family Medicine Residency, St Petersburg FL, USA; 2University of South Florida College of Medicine and Suncoast Cardiovascular Center, St Petersburg, FL, USAAbstract: When compared with the general population, the diabetic population is at higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD, as predicted by the Framingham Risk Score calculations (10-year risk 20%. For this reason diabetes is considered a “coronary disease equivalent” condition, as classified by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP-ATP III. Furthermore, patients with diabetes who experience a myocar­dial infarction have a poorer prognosis than non­diabetic patients, which contributes to their overall higher mortality. Dyslipidemia is a major underlying risk factor contributing to the excess CVD risk, and is usually more atherogenic in the presence of diabetes. It is uniquely manifested by raised levels of triglycer­ides, low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and smaller, denser, and more atherogenic low-density lipoprotein particles. Recent trials have suggested the need for more aggressive treatment of dyslipidemia in this subpopulation than the current recommendations by the NCEP-ATP III. This review addresses the newer developments in the diabetes arena in terms of our current understanding of atherogenic dyslipidemia in diabetes and data from the latest randomized trials addressing its management.Keywords: atherogenic dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus

  6. Prevention and management of accidental foreign body ingestion and aspiration in orthodontic practice

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    Umesan UK

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Uday Kumar Umesan,1 Kui Lay Chua,1 Priya Balakrishnan21National Dental Centre, 2Kg Kiarong, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei DarussalamAbstract: Among the myriad emergencies that could arise in the dental clinical setting there are a few that occur occasionally despite being entirely preventable. Ingestion or aspiration of dental materials, appliances, or instruments comprises this category. Regardless of incidence, foreign body ingestion or aspiration episodes are recognized as potential complications in the specialty of orthodontics. Despite their infrequent occurrence, the morbidity from a single incident and the amount of specialty medical care that may be needed to manage such incidents is too high to ignore. There is also the associated risk of malpractice litigation given the fact that these incidents are preventable. At present, no clear guidelines exist regarding prevention of this emergency in practice. This article attempts to review relevant literature and aims to formulate certain recommendations based on best available evidence to minimize the incidence of such events, while also suggesting guidelines toward making their management more effective. A flow chart outlining management options and strategies to aid the clinician in the event of such an emergency is also presented.Keywords: foreign bodies, ingestion, orthodontics, respiratory aspiration, orthodontic appliances

  7. Origin of carbonate xenoliths in Siddanpalli kimberlites, Southern India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anand, M.; Osborne, I.; Gilmour, M. A.; Chalapath Rao, N. V.

    2009-04-01

    A number of carbonate xenoliths have been recently discovered from the three kimberlites (designated as SK1, SK2, SK3) of the Siddanpalli kimberlite cluster (SKC; Sridhar et al., 2004) of Southern India. These kimberlites intrude the Precambrian granite-greenstone terrain of Gadwal schist belt of Eastern Dharwar Craton (e.g., Dongre et al., 2008). Rb-Sr phlogopite/whole-rock dating of one of these bodies, SK1, has yielded an age of 1093 ± Ma (Kumar et al. 2007). Previously, Dongre et al. (2008) reported an occurrence of a limestone xenolith from the SK2 kimberlite. Based on petrographic, geochemical, and C and O isotope data these authors suggested a sedimentary origin for the limestone xenolith. However, now we have documented a larger variation in the nature of carbonate material occurring as xenoliths in these kimberlites, ranging from micro-crystalline segregations to well-formed carbonate crystals. Thus, it is likely that a number of sources and/or processes have been involved in their formation. We are in the process of measuring carbon and oxygen isotopic compositions of individual carbonate xenoliths in order to further constrain their origin.

  8. Toward a Satellite-Based System of Sugarcane Yield Estimation and Forecasting in Smallholder Farming Conditions: A Case Study on Reunion Island

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    Julien Morel

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Estimating sugarcane biomass is difficult to achieve when working with highly variable spatial distributions of growing conditions, like on Reunion Island. We used a dataset of in-farm fields with contrasted climatic conditions and farming practices to compare three methods of yield estimation based on remote sensing: (1 an empirical relationship method with a growing season-integrated Normalized Difference Vegetation Index NDVI, (2 the Kumar-Monteith efficiency model, and (3 a forced-coupling method with a sugarcane crop model (MOSICAS and satellite-derived fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation. These models were compared with the crop model alone and discussed to provide recommendations for a satellite-based system for the estimation of yield at the field scale. Results showed that the linear empirical model produced the best results (RMSE = 10.4 t∙ha−1. Because this method is also the simplest to set up and requires less input data, it appears that it is the most suitable for performing operational estimations and forecasts of sugarcane yield at the field scale. The main limitation is the acquisition of a minimum of five satellite images. The upcoming open-access Sentinel-2 Earth observation system should overcome this limitation because it will provide 10-m resolution satellite images with a 5-day frequency.

  9. Viscous extended holographic Ricci dark energy in the framework of standard Eckart theory

    CERN Document Server

    Chattopadhyay, Surajit

    2016-01-01

    In the present work we report a study on the viscous extended holographic Ricci dark energy (EHRDE) model under the assumption of existence of bulk viscosity in the linear barotropic fluid and the EHRDE in the framework of standard Eckart theory of relativistic irreversible thermodynamics and it has been observed that the non-equilibrium bulk viscous pressure is significantly smaller than the local equilibrium pressure. We have studied the equation of state (EoS) parameter and observed that the EoS behaves like "quintom" and is consistent with the constraints set by observational data sets from SNLS3, BAO and Planck + WMAP9 + WiggleZ measurements in the reference S. Kumar and L. Xu, \\emph{Phys. Lett. B},\\textbf{737}, 244 (2014). Analysis of statefinder parameters has shown the possibility of attainment of $\\Lambda$CDM phase under current model and at the same time it has been pointed out that the for $z=0$ i.e. current universe, the statefinder pair is different from that of $\\Lambda$CDM and the $\\Lambda$CDM ...

  10. Viscous extended holographic Ricci dark energy in the framework of standard Eckart theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chattopadhyay, Surajit

    2016-11-01

    In this paper, we report a study on the viscous extended holographic Ricci dark energy (EHRDE) model under the assumption of existence of bulk viscosity in the linear barotropic fluid and the EHRDE in the framework of standard Eckart theory of relativistic irreversible thermodynamics and it has been observed that the non-equilibrium bulk viscous pressure is significantly smaller than the local equilibrium pressure. We have studied the equation of state (EoS) parameter and observed that the EoS behaves like “quintom” and is consistent with the constraints set by observational data sets from SNLS3, BAO and Planck + WMAP9 + WiggleZ measurements in [S. Kumar and L. Xu, Phys. Lett. B 737, 244 (2014)]. Analysis of statefinder parameters has shown the possibility of attainment of Lambda cold dark matter (ΛCDM) phase under current model and at the same time it has been pointed out that the redshift z = 0, i.e. the current universe, the statefinder pair is different from that of ΛCDM and the ΛCDM can be attained in a later stage of the universe. An analysis of stability has shown that although the viscous EHRDE along with viscous barotropic is classically unstable in the present epoch, it can lead to a stable universe in very late stage. Considering an universe enveloped by event horizon, we have observed validity of generalized second law (GSL) of thermodynamics.

  11. Antisense regulation of expression and transactivation functions of the tumorigenic HBx and c-myc genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Le; Kumar, Vijay

    2006-05-26

    Earlier we have shown that the X-myc transgenic mice develop hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) due to co-expression of c-Myc and HBx protein of hepatitis B virus [R. Lakhtakia, V. Kumar, H. Reddi, M. Mathur, S. Dattagupta, S.K. Panda, Hepatocellular carcinoma in a hepatitis B 'x' transgenic mouse model: a sequential pathological evaluation. J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 18 (2003) 80-91]. With the aim to develop therapeutic strategies for HCC, we constructed several mono- and bicistronic antisense recombinants against HBx and c-myc genes to regulate their expression as well as transactivation function in a human hepatoma cell line. A dose-dependent inhibition in the expression levels of HBx and c-Myc was observed with monocistronic constructs. Likewise, the bicistronic recombinants also blocked the expression as well as transactivation functions of cognate genes with equal efficacy. Further, expression of the constituent genes from the X-myc transgene could also be inhibited by these antisense constructs in cell culture. Thus, our study points towards clinical implications of antisense regulation of tumor-promoting genes in the management of HCC.

  12. Metformin improves metabolic memory in high fat diet (HFD)-induced renal dysfunction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tikoo, Kulbhushan; Sharma, Ekta; Amara, Venkateswara Rao; Pamulapati, Himani; Dhawale, Vaibhav Shrirang

    2016-08-22

    Recently, we have shown that high fat diet (HFD) in vivo and in vitro generates metabolic memory by altering H3K36me2 and H3K27me3 on the promoter of FOXO1 (transcription factor of gluconeogenic genes) (Kumar et al., 2015). Here we checked the hypothesis, whether concomitant diet reversal and metformin could overcome HFD-induced metabolic memory and renal damage. Male adult Sprague Dawley rats were rendered insulin resistant by feeding high fat diet for 16 weeks. Then the rats were subjected to diet reversal (REV) alone and along with metformin (REV+MET) for 8 weeks. Biochemical and histological markers of insulin resistance and kidney function were measured. Blood pressure and in vivo vascular reactivity to Angiotensin II (200 mgkg-1) were also checked. Diet reversal could improve lipid profile but could not prevent renal complications induced by HFD. Interestingly, metformin along with diet reversal restored the levels of blood glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine. In kidney, metformin increased the activation of AMPK, decreased inflammatory markers-COX-2, IL-1β and apoptotic markers-PARP, Caspase3. Metformin was effective in lowering the elevated basal blood pressure, acute change in mean arterial pressure (ΔMAP) in response to Ang II. It also attenuated the tubulointerstitial fibrosis and glomerulosclerosis induced by HFD-feeding in kidney. Here we report for the first time, that metformin treatment overcomes metabolic memory and prevents HFD-induced renal damage.

  13. Acute whiplash associated disorders (WAD

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    Kumar S

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Khushnum Pastakia, Saravana KumarInternational Centre for Allied Health Evidence, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia Date of preparation: 27th January 2011Conflict of interest: None declaredBackground: Whiplash-associated disorder (WAD is the term given for the collection of symptoms affecting the neck that are triggered by an accident with an acceleration–deceleration mechanism such as a motor vehicle accident. The incidence of whiplash injury varies greatly between different parts of the world with significant monetary burden on the individual as well as the wider community.Objective: Which treatments are best for reducing pain and disability experience in acute WADs?Level of evidence: Clinical practice guidelines, systematic reviews, meta-analysis, randomized controlled trials.Search sources: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Medline, EMBASE, AUST health, AMED.Outcomes: From the patient perspective the main outcomes considered are pain and disability.Consumer summary: Whiplash-associated disorders include a range of symptoms related to the neck and head. They commonly occur after motor vehicle accidents or diving mishaps. There is good evidence to suggest that active exercise, acting as usual and combination therapy are the most effective treatment choices in an acute presentation.Keywords: whiplash, neckpain, pain levels, multimodel therapy

  14. Scaling Laws for Overlaid Wireless Networks: A Cognitive Radio Network vs. a Primary Network

    CERN Document Server

    Yin, Changchuan; Cui, Shuguang

    2008-01-01

    We study the scaling laws for the throughputs and delays of two coexisting wireless networks that operate in the same geographic region. The primary network consists of Poisson distributed legacy users of density n, and the secondary network consists of Poisson distributed cognitive users of density m, with m>n. The primary users have a higher priority to access the spectrum without particular considerations for the secondary users, while the secondary users have to act conservatively in order to limit the interference to the primary users. With a practical assumption that the secondary users only know the locations of the primary transmitters (not the primary receivers), we first show that both networks can achieve the same throughput scaling law as what Gupta and Kumar [1] established for a stand-alone wireless network if proper transmission schemes are deployed, where a certain throughput is achievable for each individual secondary user (i.e., zero outage) with high probability. By using a fluid model, we ...

  15. Fibrous dysplasia of bone: a clinicopathologic review

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    Mohan H

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Harsh Mohan1, Preeti Mittal1, Irneet Mundi1, Sudhir Kumar21Department of Pathology, 2Department of Orthopedics, Government Medical College, Sector 32, Chandigarh, IndiaAbstract: Fibrous dysplasia of the bones is an uncommon congenital skeletal disorder that is found equally in both genders and is not inherited. Its etiology has been linked to an activating mutation of Gsα and the downstream effects of the resultant increase in cAMP. Fibrous dysplasia is categorized as either monostotic or polyostotic, and may occur as a component of McCune-Albright syndrome or the rare Mazabraud syndrome. Long bones, skull bones, and ribs are the most commonly affected bones. The radiological picture is somewhat variable, including a ground-glass appearance, expansion of the bone, and sclerosis surrounding the lesion. Histologically, fibrous dysplasia shows irregularly-shaped trabeculae of immature, woven bone in a background of variably cellular, loosely arranged fibrous stroma. It may be complicated by pathologic fracture, and rarely by malignant transformation. This review examines interesting issues surrounding the etiology of fibrous dysplasia, its clinical and laboratory manifestations, radiological picture, utility of bone biopsy, gross and microscopic pathology, complications, and its differential diagnostic considerations.Keywords: fibrous dysplasia, McCune-Albright syndrome, monostotic form, polyostotic form

  16. Wassel′s Type V Polydactyly with Plain Radiographic and CT Findings

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    Berna Dirim Mete

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Duplication of the thumb is the most common polydactyly of the hand. Wassel′s classification is frequently used to classify the polydactyly of the hand. His classification was based on the level of duplication and the number of bones in the thumb, and has seven groups (Types I-VII according to the level of the bifurcation, except for his Type VII. The most common type is the bifurcation at the metacarpophalangeal joint (Type IV. In this paper, we report a very rare case of Type V thumb polydactyly in a 42-year-old man, who presented with swan neck deformity of the radial thumb and discuss the plain radiography and computed tomography (CT findings. Kumar recently reported plain radiography findings in a case of bifid first metacarpal in a 13-year-old girl, who presented with swan neck deformity of the left thumb. To our knowledge, our case is the second presented case that has a swan neck deformity with bifid metacarpal.

  17. Carbon nanotubes and graphene as emerging candidates in neuroregeneration and neurodrug delivery

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    John AA

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Agnes Aruna John,1 Aruna Priyadharshni Subramanian,1 Muthu Vignesh Vellayappan,1 Arunpandian Balaji,1 Hemanth Mohandas,2 Saravana Kumar Jaganathan1 1IJN-UTM Cardiovascular Engineering Centre, Faculty of Biosciences and Medical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia; 2Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX, USA Abstract: Neuroregeneration is the regrowth or repair of nervous tissues, cells, or cell products involved in neurodegeneration and inflammatory diseases of the nervous system like Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Nowadays, application of nanotechnology is commonly used in developing nanomedicines to advance pharmacokinetics and drug delivery exclusively for central nervous system pathologies. In addition, nanomedical advances are leading to therapies that disrupt disarranged protein aggregation in the central nervous system, deliver functional neuroprotective growth factors, and change the oxidative stress and excitotoxicity of affected neural tissues to regenerate the damaged neurons. Carbon nanotubes and graphene are allotropes of carbon that have been exploited by researchers because of their excellent physical properties and their ability to interface with neurons and neuronal circuits. This review describes the role of carbon nanotubes and graphene in neuroregeneration. In the future, it is hoped that the benefits of nanotechnologies will outweigh their risks, and that the next decade will present huge scope for developing and delivering technologies in the field of neuroscience. Keywords: neuroregeneration, neurodegeneration, nanomedical, carbon nanotube, graphene, nanodrug delivery

  18. Building Walkways: Observation on Nest Duplication of Stingless Bee Trigona iridipennins Smith (1854

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    Preeti S. Virkar

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Beekeeping for honey and other bee products is an age old practice. Besides the popular honeybees, Apis cerana and Apis mellifera, stingless bees belonging to the tribe Meliponini, subfamily Apinae and family Apidae (Michener, 2007 are also reared for honey, having high medicinal value. Stingless bees are exclusive to tropics and their size ranges from 2mm to slightly bigger than the popular honeybee A. mellifera (O'Toole & Raw, 1999. The practice of keeping stingless bees is called meliponiculture, and once it was an integral part of the culture of indigenous people of South and Central America. It held a social and religious significance in the meso-American culture, mainly the ancient Mayans (Sommeijer, 1999. Stingless bee products such as honey, wax and propolis formed a small-scale economy in their livelihood as well (Cortopassi-Laurino et al., 2006. Although least explored, meliponiculture is an age old practice in India also. Kani tribe in Western Ghats is the only reported reference, keeping stingless bees (Kumar et al., 2012. Trigona iridipennis is the widespread stingless bee species in the Indian subcontinent and used for meliponiculture.

  19. Bulk dielectric and magnetic properties of PFW-PZT ceramics: absence of magnetically switched-off polarization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kempa, M; Kamba, S; Savinov, M; Maryško, M; Frait, Z; Vaněk, P; Tomczyk, M; Vilarinho, P M

    2010-11-10

    We investigated ceramics samples of solid solutions of [PbFe(2/3)W(1/3)O(3)](x)-[PbZr(0.53)Ti(0.47)O(3)](1 - x) (PFW(x)-PZT(1 - x), x = 0.2 and 0.3) by means of broad-band dielectric spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and SQUID magnetometry. We did not confirm the observations of Kumar et al (2009 J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21 382204), who reported on reversible suppression of ferroelectric polarization in polycrystalline PFW(x)-PZT(1 - x) thin films for magnetic fields above 0.5 T. We did not observe any change of ferroelectric polarization with external magnetic fields up to 3.2 T. Pirc et al (2009 Phys. Rev. B 79 214114) developed a theory explaining the reported large magnetoelectric effect in PFW(x)-PZT(1 - x), taking into account relaxor magnetic and relaxor ferroelectric properties of the system. Our data revealed classical ferroelectric properties below 525 K and 485 K in samples with x = 0.2 and 0.3, respectively. Moreover, paramagnetic behavior was observed down to 4.5 K instead of previously reported relaxor magnetic behavior. It seems that the reported switching-off of ferroelectric polarization in PFW(x)-PZT(1 - x) thin films is not an intrinsic property, but probably an effect of electrodes, interlayers, grain boundaries or second phases presented in polycrystalline thin films.

  20. Polar profile of antiviral peptides from AVPpred Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polanco, Carlos; Samaniego, José Lino; Castañón-González, Jorge Alberto; Buhse, Thomas

    2014-11-01

    Diseases of viral origin in humans are among the most serious threats to health and the global economy. As recent history has shown the virus has a high pandemic potential, among other reasons, due to its ability to spread by air, hence the identification, investigation, containment, and treatment of viral diseases should be considered of paramount importance. In this sense, the bioinformatics research has focused on finding fast and efficient algorithms that can identify highly toxic antiviral peptides and to serve as a first filter, so that trials in the laboratory are substantially reduced. The work presented here contributes to this effort through the use of an algorithm already published by this team, called polarity index method, which identifies with high efficiency antiviral peptides from the exhaustive analysis of the polar profile, using the linear sequence of the peptide. The test carried out included all peptides in APD2 Database and 60 antiviral peptides identified by Kumar and co-workers (Nucleic Acids Res 40:W199-204, 2012), to build its AVPpred algorithm. The validity of the method was focused on its discriminating capacity so we included the 15 sub-classifications of both Databases.