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Sample records for maha chakri sirindhorn

  1. Visit of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, Thailand

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2000-01-01

    Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand (left) visiting DELPHI with Spokesman, Tiziano Camporesi, and Prapol Assavavirulhakarn, Pattaratorn Chirapravati, Claude Détraz, CERN Director for Fixed Target andFuture Programmes and Richard Breedon, University of California. No. 05: Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn and Daniel Treille, former spokesman of Delphi. No. 31: in Delphi experiment. No. 35: H.E. Mr. Virasakdi Futrakul, Ambassador, Permanent Representative ofThailand, Geneva with H.E. Dr. Ronarong Nopakun, Ambassador of the Thai Embassy in Bern

  2. Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn: her activities in humanity and medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chauluxananan, Somrat; Chentanez, Vilai

    2005-09-01

    Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, the Executive Vice-President of the Thai Red Cross Society has followed the footsteps of her fore-bears, carrying the noble humanitarian work they began, particularly the work of the Thai Red Cross society and the Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University. Her contributions have been a benefit to all, and she has earned great love and is held in high esteem by her people. Her ideas, thoughts, words, and activities have been of immense value to the faculty in both tangible and intangible ways. A selfless, dedicated women who is willing to make sacrifices for the common good, Her Royal Highness serves as a model humanitarian for the staff of the Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, whose morale she has boosted and whose operations she has planned with the foresight ofa first-class administrator. Her devotion to the Thai Red Cross, and thus her devotion to her people, have indeed made her the royal gem within Thai hearts, with sparkling brilliance of her humanitarian deeds instilling the warmth of her love in our spirits.

  3. Conference RSIS - (The role of science in the information society) - Contributions to Education Ministry - Building 500, Council Chamber - Speech given by Ms. H.R.H. Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, Princess of Thailand.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2003-01-01

    Conference RSIS - (The role of science in the information society) - Contributions to Education Ministry - Building 500, Council Chamber - Speech given by Ms. H.R.H. Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, Princess of Thailand.

  4. Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, The Kingdom of Thailand at SM18 with (from left to right) A. De Roeck, P. Thajchayapong, F. Bordry, E. Tsesmelis and J. Ellis on Tuesday 13th April 2010

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice; SM18

    2010-01-01

    Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, The Kingdom of Thailand at SM18 with (from left to right) A. De Roeck, P. Thajchayapong, F. Bordry, E. Tsesmelis and J. Ellis on Tuesday 13th April 2010

  5. 16 March 2009 - HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, Kingdom of Thailand, visiting CMS experimental area and LHC tunnel with Coordinator for external relations F. Pauss and Collaboration Spokesperson T. Virdee.

    CERN Document Server

    Maximilien Brice

    2009-01-01

    Photo 1: Relations with Non-Member State E. Tsesmelis, CMS Collaboration Spokesperson T. Virdee, HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn and Coordinator for External relations F. Pauss, in CMS experimental area. Photo 2-12: Arrival of HRH at building 160: Posy presented to HRH by E. and F. Breedon; Welcome line: Director-General R. Heuer who introduces S. Bertolucci, F. Pauss, E. Tsesmelis, A. de Roeck, R. Breedon and Protocol Officer W. Korda. Photo 13-26:Presentation by Director-General R. Heuer and Head of Education R. Landua. Photo 27-30: Welcome at CMS by Spokesperson T. Virdee Photo 31-43: LHC tunnel visit Photo 44 - 60: CMS underground area visit Photo 61-63: HRH signs the guest book in the SCX5 conference room Photo 64-69: Signature of an expression of interest between SLRI and CMS Photo 75-88: Final discussion with Coordinator for External relation F. Pauss and Director-General R. Heuer.

  6. Princess of Thailand returns to CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Stefania Pandolfi

    2015-01-01

    On Tuesday, 17 November 2015, HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand visited CERN. Princess Sirindhorn was visiting the Laboratory for the fifth time, following her last visit in 2010.   Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand (center) witnesses the signing of the collaboration agreement between CERN and SLRI, represented by Rolf Heuer (right) and Professor Sarawut Sujitjorn (left) respectively. The Princess was accompanied by a delegation that included the Director of the Synchrotron Light Research Institute (SLRI) in Thailand, Professor Sarawut Sujitjorn, and a large group of Thailand’s Diplomatic Representatives in Switzerland. Upon her arrival, Princess Sirindhorn was welcomed by CERN Director-General Rolf Heuer and the Director-General Designate, Fabiola Gianotti. At CERN, the Princess was given a brief update on the Laboratory’s activities since her last visit, in April 2010. Later on, she witnessed the signature of the f...

  7. Corophiine amphipods of the genera Chelicorophium and Paracorophium from the lower Gulf of Thailand (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Corophiidae, Corophiinae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koraon Wongkamhaeng

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Two species of corophiine amphipods from Songkhla Lake, in the lower Gulf of Thailand, are described and illustrated. Chelicorophium madrasensis (Nayar, 1950, found in the mangrove forest, has not previously been observed in Thai waters. Paracorophium angsupanichae sp. n. is characterized by its chelate male gnathopod 2, obtuse palm with subrectangular distomedial elevation, and urosomites 1-3 free. This is the first record of the genus Chelicorophium and Paracorophium in Thai waters. All specimens are deposited in the Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Natural History Museum, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand and the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin.

  8. Cosmic Ray Modulation Observed by the Princess Sirindhorn Neutron Monitor at High Rigidity Cutoff

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangeard, Pierre-Simon; Pyle, Roger; Evenson, Paul; Ruffolo, David; Saiz, Alejandro; Clem, John; Madlee, Suttiwat; Nutaro, Tanin

    2016-07-01

    Neutron monitors (NMs) are the premier instruments for precisely tracking time variations in the Galactic cosmic ray (GCR) flux at the GV-range. For more than 60 years, the worldwide NM network has provided continuous measurements of the solar induced variations of the GCR flux impinging Earth and the data cover about six 11-year solar cycles. The recent rise of space exploration, with PAMELA and AMS-02 spacecraft, brings new energy sensitive measurements of GCR fluxes. Moreover since late 2007, the range of sensitivity of the worldwide NM network has been increased with the installation of the Princess Sirindhorn Neutron Monitor (PSNM), at the summit of Doi Inthanon, Thailand's highest mountain (2565 m altitude). PSNM records the GCR flux with the world's highest vertical rigidity cutoff for a fixed station, 16.8 GV. PSNM data now cover the period from the last solar minimum to the recent solar maximum and give us the opportunity to study the effect of the solar modulation at such high rigidity for the first time. We present here the observations of PSNM since 2007. The observed solar modulation is much weaker than predicted by the force field model with φ inferred from NM data at low cutoff. We compare measurements with those from NMs located at low rigidity cutoff and with spacecraft data. We discuss the solar modulation at high rigidity. Partially supported by a postdoctoral fellowship from Mahidol University, the Thailand Research Fund (BRG 5880009), the Science Achievement Scholarship of Thailand, and US National Science Foundation awards PLR-1341562, PLR-1245939, and their predecessors.

  9. Two new species of Floresorchestia (Crustacea, Amphipoda, Talitridae) in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wongkamhaeng, Koraon; Dumrongrojwattana, Pongrat; Pattaratumrong, Manasawan Saengsakda

    2016-01-01

    The beach-hopper and land-hopper genus Floresorchestia Bousfield, 1984 is most widespread in terrestrial and marine littoral habitats and has been recorded from the South African coasts through to tropical Indo-Pacific and Caribbean Sea. In Thailand, there is only Floresorchestia samroiyodensis Azman, Wongkamhaeng & Dumrongrojwattana, 2014 reported from the swamp of Prachuab Kiri Khan, southern Thailand. In this work, two new species of Floresorchestia from Phutsa Reservoir in Nakhon Ratchasima and the man-made swamp in Burapha University are described. The new species are characterised by the mandible left lacinia mobilis 4-dentate; the posterior margin of merus, carpus and propodus covered in palmate setae; the uropod 3 peduncle with two robust setae and the telson longer than broad. The characters of the specimens are described and illustrated in this paper. All specimens are deposited in the Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Natural History Museum, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand.

  10. A Networking of Community-Based Speech Therapy: Borabue District, Maha Sarakham.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pumnum, Tawitree; Kum-ud, Weawta; Prathanee, Benjamas

    2015-08-01

    Most children with cleft lip and palate have articulation problems because of compensatory articulation disorders from velopharyngeal insufficiency. Theoretically, children should receive speech therapy from a speech and language pathologist (SLP) 1-2 sessions per week. For developing countries, particularly Thailand, most of them cannot reach standard speech services because of limitation of speech services and SLP Networking of a Community-Based Speech Model might be an appropriate way to solve this problem. To study the effectiveness of a networking of Khon Kaen University (KKU) Community-Based Speech Model, Non Thong Tambon Health Promotion Hospital, Borabue, Maha Sarakham, in decreasing the number of articulation errors for children with CLP. Six children with cleft lip and palate (CLP) who lived in Borabue and the surrounding district, Maha Sarakham, and had medical records in Srinagarind Hospital. They were assessed for pre- and post-articulation errors and provided speech therapy by SLP via teaching on service for speech assistant (SA). Then, children with CLP received speech correction (SC) by SA based on assignment and caregivers practiced home program for a year. Networking of Non Thong Tambon Health Promotion Hospital, Borabue, Maha Sarakham significantly reduce the number of post-articulation errors for 3 children with CLP. There were factors affecting the results in treatment of other children as follows: delayed speech and language development, hypernaslaity, and consistency of SC at local hospital and home. A networking of KKU Community-Based Speech Model, Non Thong Tambon Health Promotion Hospital, Borabue, and Maha Sarakham was a good way to enhance speech therapy in Thailand or other developing countries, where have limitation of speech services or lack of professionals.

  11. Analysis of water quality parameters of River Ganga during Maha Kumbha, Haridwar, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arora, Naveen Kumar; Tewari, Sakshi; Singh, Sachin

    2013-07-01

    This study represents the summary of the water quality of River Ganga during mass bathing in Haridwar during Maha Kumbha of 2010 in terms of microbiological and molecular analysis. The sample was collected from River Ganga during Makar Sankranti to Shakh Poornima and assessed for fecal indicator bacteria Escherichia colt along with Standard Plate Count (SPC) to determine total bacterial load in the river. Of all the nine days of sample collection (mass bathing days) results on the main royal bath (Baisakhi) displayed maximum SPC (log 6.79 cfu ml(-1)) and most probable number (210 and 150 MPN 100 ml(-1) for total and fecal coli form, respectively). The water was extremely contaminated and not suitable for drinking on Somvati Amavasya, Maghi Poornima, Maha Shivratri and Baisakhi. The results clearly indicated that the mass bathing coupled with ritual activities performed by bathers was most probable cause of increased values of different parameters. The polymerase chain reaction analysis targeting malate dehydrogenase (mdh) gene proved to be more rapid and sensitive than classical culture techniques.

  12. MAHA: A comprehensive system for the storage and visualization of subsoil data for seismic microzonation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Felice, P.; Spadoni, M.

    2013-04-01

    MAHA is a database-centred software system for the storage and visualization of subsoil data used for the production of seismic microzonation maps in Italy. The application was implemented using open source software in order to grant its maximum diffusion and customization. A conceptual model of the subsoil, jointly developed by the Italian National Research Council and the National Department of Civil Protection, inspired the structure of the underlying database, consisting of 15 tables, 3 of which of spatial nature to accommodate geo-referenced data associated to points, lines and polygons. A web-GIS interface acts as a bridge between the user and the database, drives the input of geo-referenced data and enables the users to formulate different types of spatial queries. A series of forms designed "ad hoc" and enriched with combo boxes provide guided procedures to maximize the fluency of data entry and to reduce the possibility of erroneous typing. One of these procedures helps to transform the descriptions of the geological units (granular materials), given in technical paper documents by using a conversational style, into standardized numeric codes. Summary reports, produced in the pdf format, can be generated through decoding and graphic display of the parameters previously entered in the database. MAHA was approved by the national commission for seismic microzonation established by the Italian Prime Minister and, in the next years, it is expected to significantly support the entire process of map production in the urban areas more exposed to seismic hazard.

  13. Types, Problems and Their Causes, and Solutions to the Offences against the Environmental Laws by Probationers in Maha Sarakham Province

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanlu, Somchai; Singseewo, Adisak; Suksringarm, Paitool

    2015-01-01

    This study aimed to explore types, problems and their causes, and solutions to the offences against the environmental laws of probationers in Maha Sarakham Province. The study comprised 2 phases: Phase 1 was a study of types of the offences against the environmental laws: and phase 2 was an interview with 25 people directly dealing with the…

  14. The Lycaenid Central Symmetry System: Color Pattern Analysis of the Pale Grass Blue Butterfly Zizeeria maha.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwata, Masaki; Taira, Wataru; Hiyama, Atsuki; Otaki, Joji M

    2015-06-01

    The nymphalid groundplan has been proposed to explain diverse butterfly wing color patterns. In this model, each symmetry system is composed of a core element and a pair of paracore elements. The development of this elemental configuration has been explained by the induction model for positional information. However, the diversity of color patterns in other butterfly families in relation to the nymphalid groundplan has not been thoroughly examined. Here, we examined aberrant color pattern phenotypes of a lycaenid butterfly, Zizeeria maha, from mutagenesis and plasticity studies as well as from field surveys. In several mutants, the third and fourth spot arrays were coordinately positioned much closer to the discal spot in comparison to the normal phenotype. In temperature-shock types, the third and fourth array spots were elongated inwardly or outwardly from their normal positions. In field-caught spontaneous mutants, small black spots were located adjacent to normal black spots. Analysis of these aberrant phenotypes indicated that the spots belonging to the third and fourth arrays are synchronously changeable in position and shape around the discal spot. Thus, these arrays constitute paracore elements of the central symmetry system of the lycaenid butterflies, and the discal spot comprises the core element. These aberrant phenotypes can be explained by the black-inducing signals that propagate from the prospective discal spot, as predicted by the induction model. These results suggest the existence of long-range developmental signals that cover a large area of a wing not only in nymphalid butterflies, but also in lycaenid butterflies.

  15. Candida konsanensis sp. nov., a new yeast species isolated from Jasminum adenophyllum in Thailand with potentially carboxymethyl cellulase-producing capability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarawan, Somporn; Mahakhan, Polson; Jindamorakot, Sasitorn; Vichitphan, Kanit; Vichitphan, Sukanda; Sawaengkaew, Jutaporn

    2013-08-01

    A new yeast species (KKU-FW10) belonging to the Candida genus was isolated from Jasminum adenophyllum in the Plant Genetic Conservation Project under The Royal Initiative of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn area, Chulabhorn Dam, Konsan district within Chaiyaphum province in Thailand. The strain was identified via analysis of nucleotide sequences from the D1/D2 domain of 26S ribosomal DNA and based on its morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics. The sequence obtained from yeast isolate KKU-FW10 was 97 percent identical to that of Candida chanthaburiensis (GenBank accession number AB500861.1), with 506/517 (nucleotides identity/total nucleotides) matching nucleotides, nine substitutions and two gaps being detected. This species belonged to the Candida clade. Regarding morphological characteristics, isolate KKU-FW10 presents cream-colored butyrous colonies, vegetative reproduction through budding and, round cells without filaments or ascospores. The major ubiquinone detected was Q-9. The above results suggest that isolate KKU-FW10 is a new member of the genus Candida, and the name Candida konsanensis is proposed for this yeast. The type strain of the new species is KKU-FW10(T) (= BCC 52588(T), = NBRC 109082(T), = CBS 12666(T)). In addition, this KKU-FW10 could potentially produce 58.24 Units/ml of carboxymethyl cellulase when it was cultured in YP broth containing 1.0 % carboxymethyl cellulose for 24 h.

  16. Teenage pregnancy and exclusive breastfeeding rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puapompong, Pawin; Raungrongmorakot, Kasem; Manolerdtewan, Wichian; Ketsuwan, Sukwadee; Wongin, Sinutchanan

    2014-09-01

    Teenage pregnancy is an important health issue globally and in Thailand Younger age mothers decide on the breastfeeding practices ofthe first 6-month. To find the rates of 6-month exclusive breastfeeding practices of teenage mothers and compare them with the rates of 6-month exclusive breastfeeding practices in mothers who are 20 years of age or more. Three thousand five hundred sixty three normal, postpartum women, who delivered without complications at the HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center in the Nakhon Nayok Province between 2010 and2013 were included in this study. At the second daypostpartum, the data of latch scores and the data of the practice of exclusive breastfeeding were collected Telephone follow-ups on the seventh, fourteenth, and forty-fifth postpartum days and at the second, fourth, and sixth month postpartum month were collected and used for exclusive breastfeeding data following discharge. Demographic data included the maternal age, parity, gestational age, marital status, occupation, religion, route ofdelivery, estimated blood loss, body mass index, nipple length, and the childs birth weight. The collected data was analyzed by the t-test, Chi-square, and odds ratio with 95% confidence interval. The percentage of teenage pregnancies was at 14.8% (527 cases). On postpartum day 2, the percentage of latch scores of 8 or less was 66.4%. At the seventh, fourteenth, and forty-fifth day and at the second, fourth, and sixth months postpartum, the exclusive breastfeeding rates were 88.5, 78.5, 57.6, 43.1, 32.9, and27.0%, respectively. Comparison of the 6-month exclusive breastfeeding rates between teenage mothers and mothers 20 years ofage or older were not statistically significant (pteenage mothers was at 27.0% and had no significant differences from the rates of mothers 20 years of age or more.

  17. Savisaar tegi Eesti arengut maha

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Edgar Savisaar kohtus Iirimaa suursaadikuga Eestis T. E. Noel Kilkennyga, kohtumisel väitis minister, et tormilise reformipoliitika käigus on vaeste ja rikaste vahe Eestis aina kasvanud. Peaminister Andrus Ansipi kommentaare

  18. Marss, asfaldilt maha! / Hannu Ahonen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ahonen, Hannu

    2010-01-01

    TM võrdleb suuri ja kalleid maastureid: Jeep Grand Cherokee 3,0 CRD TDSL V6; Land Rover Discovery 4 3,0 TDV6 HSE; Mercedes-Benz ML 350 4Matic BlueTEC Off-road Pro; Mitsubishi Pajero 3,2 DID Intense; Toyota Land Cruiser 3,0 D-4D Executive

  19. "Gypsy" on asjatundjad elust maha kirjutanud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    2. dets. esietendub Vanemuises Ameerika vodevillistaari ja striptiisikuninganna Rose Louise Hovicki memuaaridel põhinev muusikal "Gypsy", lavastaja Mare Tommingas, osades Silvi Vrait ja Helena Merzin

  20. Tossuostjad pesevad verd maha / Kertu Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Kertu, 1977-

    2003-01-01

    Puhaste riiete eest võitlemise kampaaniast Lääneriikides. Õiglasest mehhanismist, mis kindlustaks kõikides riikides inimeste töötingimustele miinimumnõuded. Skeem: millest koosneb spordijalatsi hind?

  1. USA võtab hoogu maha / Tarvo Vaarmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaarmets, Tarvo

    2010-01-01

    Pärast riiklike soodustuste lõppu koduostjatele on USA-s vähenenud kinnisvara soetamine, jaemüüjate käive langes juunis võrreldes maiga 0,5%. USA keskpanga presidendi Ben Bernanke hinnangul on USA majandus ebatavaliselt ebamäärane

  2. Kaks europarlamendi liiget panid ameti maha / Hendrik Vosman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vosman, Hendrik

    2011-01-01

    Suurbritannia nädalalehe Sunday Times ajakirjanikud, kes esitlesid end Brüsseli lobistidena, paljastasid, et Euroopa Parlamendi liikmed Ernst Strasser Austriast, Adrian Severin Rumeeniast ja Zoran Thaler Sloveeniast olid valmis nende käest pistist võtma ning spetsiifilisi seadusemuudatusi läbi suruma

  3. Gazprom pani Euroopas jala tugevalt maha / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister

    2006-01-01

    Venemaa ja Saksamaa suurkokkuleppe kohaselt kasvab Gazpromi osalus BASF-i energiaüksusega loodud ühisfirmas Wingas ligi pooleni, tugevdades Vene kontserni haaret Euroopa tarneturul. Kantsler Angela Merkeli ja president Vladimir Putini kohtumine Tomskis. Lisa: Venemaal endal ei jagu energiat

  4. USA võtab hoogu maha / Tarvo Vaarmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaarmets, Tarvo

    2010-01-01

    Pärast riiklike soodustuste lõppu koduostjatele on USA-s vähenenud kinnisvara soetamine, jaemüüjate käive langes juunis võrreldes maiga 0,5%. USA keskpanga presidendi Ben Bernanke hinnangul on USA majandus ebatavaliselt ebamäärane

  5. Tihhonov viksis Stirlitzi maha ohvitserist naabrimehe pealt / Triin Tael

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tael, Triin

    2008-01-01

    8. veebruaril täitub 80 eluaastat Vene näitlejal Vjatsheslav Tihhonovil, keda tuntakse eelkõige Stirlitzina Tatjana Lioznova poolt filmitud legendaarses teleseriaalis "Seitseteist kevadist hetke". Lisaks põnevussarjast "Issajev", režissöör Sergei Ursuljak : "Uues sarjas Stirlitzi noorusest mängib ka Lembit Ulfsak"

  6. Palun peatage progress, ma tahaks maha minna / Nils, Niitra

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niitra, Nils, 1975-

    2011-01-01

    Tehnika arengu mõjust ja inimkonna progressisõltuvusest. Erinevaid eksperthinnanguid, ka psühholoog Aleksander Pulveri, Tallinna Ülikooli terviseteaduste ja spordi instituudi direktori Kristjan Pordi ja Tartu Ülikooli emeriitprofessori Ülo Matjuse teemakohased arvamused

  7. Kaks europarlamendi liiget panid ameti maha / Hendrik Vosman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vosman, Hendrik

    2011-01-01

    Suurbritannia nädalalehe Sunday Times ajakirjanikud, kes esitlesid end Brüsseli lobistidena, paljastasid, et Euroopa Parlamendi liikmed Ernst Strasser Austriast, Adrian Severin Rumeeniast ja Zoran Thaler Sloveeniast olid valmis nende käest pistist võtma ning spetsiifilisi seadusemuudatusi läbi suruma

  8. EKA hoonelt rebiti maha kaunistav pits / Urmas Tooming

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tooming, Urmas, 1954-

    2011-01-01

    Ehituskulude vähendamiseks muudeti Eesti Kunstiakadeemia uue hoone projekti. Maja välisfassaadilt eemaldati kaunistav pits ja loobuti spiraalsest aatriumist. Ehitusplatsile hakatakse rajama metallist sulundseina

  9. Hullumeelsus : peatage maailm, tahan maha minna / Maria Juur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juur, Maria

    2008-01-01

    EKA fotomagistrantide näitus "Hullumeelsus" Eesti Kaasaegse Kunsti Muuseumis 18.06-13.07.2008. Kunstnikud: Vincent Chevillon, Liina Guiter, Laura Kuusk, Helen Melesk, Marge Monko, Berit Teeäär, Tanja Muravskaja, Anna-Stina Treumund, Sandra Urvak, Reimo Võsa-Tangsoo. Kuraator Denes Farkas

  10. Kui panga president end maha laseb... / Aarne Ruben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruben, Aarne, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Autor vaatleb kriise USA majanduses alates Iseseisvussõjast ning järeldab, et USA majanduses vaheldusid depressioonid perioodilises tempos, nagu 1921. aastal väitis Lev Trotski. Autor leiab, et inimnäoline sotsialism ei ole võimalik, kui impeerium ei ava oma piire ega lase soovijaid impeeriumist välja, inimnäoline kapitalism on aga võimalik majandustõusude ja -languste hinnaga

  11. Hullumeelsus : peatage maailm, tahan maha minna / Maria Juur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juur, Maria

    2008-01-01

    EKA fotomagistrantide näitus "Hullumeelsus" Eesti Kaasaegse Kunsti Muuseumis 18.06-13.07.2008. Kunstnikud: Vincent Chevillon, Liina Guiter, Laura Kuusk, Helen Melesk, Marge Monko, Berit Teeäär, Tanja Muravskaja, Anna-Stina Treumund, Sandra Urvak, Reimo Võsa-Tangsoo. Kuraator Denes Farkas

  12. 97 miljonit aastaga maha mängitud / Kaisa Tahlfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tahlfeld, Kaisa

    2008-01-01

    Olympic EG kolmanda kvartali kasum langes 94%, 7,4 miljonile kroonile. Vt. samas: Kokkuhoiukava raskuskese langes kolmandasse kvartalisse. Diagramm: Käive ja kasum. Kommenteerib LHV analüütik Sten Pisang

  13. Äraaetud hobused lastakse maha / Katrin Saks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saks, Katrin, 1956-

    2008-01-01

    Tööaja direktiivi muutmise eelnõust, mis suurendaks töötajate tööaja piiranguid. Ilmunud ka Põhjarannik 19. juuni 2008, lk.2 ; Vooremaa 21. juuni 2008, lk. 2 ; Virumaa Teataja 27. juuni 2008, lk. 11 ; Pärnu Postimees 27. juuni 2008, lk. 15 ; Järva Teataja 1. juuli 2008, lk. 2 ; Koit 3. juuli 2008, lk. 6 ; Nädalaleht 20. juuni 2008, lk. 7

  14. Kuidas ennast maha müüa / Tauno Novek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Novek, Tauno

    2005-01-01

    Autori hinnangul on Eestis asuva ettevõtja võimalused oma teenust ilma isiklike kontaktide või vahendajateta USA-sse pakkuda suhteliselt piiratud. Töökohtade eksportimine e. outsourcing. Google Adwords kui reklaamivahend

  15. Äraaetud hobused lastakse maha / Katrin Saks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saks, Katrin, 1956-

    2008-01-01

    Tööaja direktiivi muutmise eelnõust, mis suurendaks töötajate tööaja piiranguid. Ilmunud ka Põhjarannik 19. juuni 2008, lk.2 ; Vooremaa 21. juuni 2008, lk. 2 ; Virumaa Teataja 27. juuni 2008, lk. 11 ; Pärnu Postimees 27. juuni 2008, lk. 15 ; Järva Teataja 1. juuli 2008, lk. 2 ; Koit 3. juuli 2008, lk. 6 ; Nädalaleht 20. juuni 2008, lk. 7

  16. Kuidas ennast maha müüa / Tauno Novek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Novek, Tauno

    2005-01-01

    Autori hinnangul on Eestis asuva ettevõtja võimalused oma teenust ilma isiklike kontaktide või vahendajateta USA-sse pakkuda suhteliselt piiratud. Töökohtade eksportimine e. outsourcing. Google Adwords kui reklaamivahend

  17. Linnavalitsus müüs tudengite ateljeed maha / Katrin Nielsen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nielsen, Katrin

    2000-01-01

    Probleemidest seoses Academia Non Grata käsutuses olnud maja müümisega; Al Paldroki (Academia Gustaviana seltsi juhataja) ja Sulev Alajõe (Pärnu abilinnapea kultuuri ja hariduse alal) kommentaare

  18. Peaminister Juhan Parts ei plaani ametit maha panna / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts pooldab paremerakondade ühinemist, ei kavatse ametist lahkuda ning peab valitsuse üheks ülesandeks rahvaarutelu algatamist vabaduse samba üle. Lisa: Ene Ergma kõnest Riigikogus (13.09.2004)

  19. Uudised : Balleti võlumaailm. Agent M sai maha uue plaadi, singli ja videoga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Rahvusooper Estonia, eesotsas Mai Murdmaa, Tatjana Järvi ja Lemme Järviga, korraldab põhikoolinoortele balletti tutvustavaid etendusi. Alternatiivrokki viljeleva ansambli Agent M heliplaadist "Spionaazh" ja videost laulule "Queen of the World" (www.agentm.pri.ee)

  20. Üle poolte tööõnnetuste salatakse maha / Gert D. Hankewitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Gert D.

    2008-01-01

    Tööõnnetuste tegelik arv võib olla üle kahe korra suurem ametlikust statistikast. Vt. samas: Diagramm: Tööõnnetuste arv; Tööõnnetused erinevates riikides; Sotsiaalministeeriumi kommentaar; Põhjuseks liigne utsitamine ja stress

  1. "Kui lootust poleks, võiks ju kohe maha surra" / Marjane Satrapi ; interv. Mari Laaniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Satrapi, Marjane, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Iraani koomiksikunstnik Marjane Satrapi (sünd. 1969) räägib kultuuridevahelisest dialoogist, usufanatismist, oma elust ja tööst, autobiograafilisest koomiksiraamatust "Persepolis". Raamatu animafilmi-versioon esilinastus 2007. aastal Cannes'i filmifestivalil

  2. Nuga selga : endine lähikondne teeb maha president Bushi valitsusaja / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2008-01-01

    Endine Valge Maja pressiesindaja Scott McClellan kirjutas kritiseeriva raamatu "What Happened" president George W. Bushist ja tema kaastöötajatest. Vt. samas: "Me oleme segaduses. See pole Scott, keda me tundsime"; Väljavõtteid Scott McClellani raamatust

  3. A NORMATIVE STUDY OF NIGERIAN GROWN MAHA-TITA (KING OF BITTERS) - ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA NEES

    OpenAIRE

    Ameh, Sunday; Obodozie, Obiageri; Inyang, Uford; Abubakar, Mujitaba; Garba, Magaji

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the study is to characterize the aerial parts of Andrographis paniculata - an intensely bitter herb grown in Nigeria from seeds obtained in India. The ultimate aim is to develop a suitable dosage form from the herb for use in Nigeria. The bitterness value; various physicochemical characteristics; tests for key phytochemicals; and thin layer chromatography (TLC) were carried out on the air-dried herb as prescribed in relevant standard texts. The mean bitterness value for both men an...

  4. Mereröövlid saabusid suvist letargiat maha raputama / Mari Rebane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Mari

    2006-01-01

    Esilinastus Gore Verbinski piraaditriloogia teine film "Kariibi mere piraadid : Surnud mehe aardekirst" : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2006. Lisaks lühendatud artikkel Los Angeles Times 10. juuli Josh Friedman "Piraadid püstitasid kassarekordi" ja katke ajalehele Guardian antud intervjuust Johnny Deppiga "Kapten Jack Sparrow laseb Deppil pingeid maandada"

  5. Linnavalitsus müüs tudengite ateljeed maha / Katrin Nielsen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nielsen, Katrin

    2000-01-01

    Probleemidest seoses Academia Non Grata käsutuses olnud maja müümisega; Al Paldroki (Academia Gustaviana seltsi juhataja) ja Sulev Alajõe (Pärnu abilinnapea kultuuri ja hariduse alal) kommentaare

  6. Evelin Ilvese erasekretär pani ameti maha / Karoliina Vasli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vasli, Karoliina

    2009-01-01

    Proua Evelin Ilvese erasekretär Piia Vann lahkus ametist omal soovil. Tema ülesandeid täidab Vabariigi Presidendi nõunik-erasekretär Piret Arukaevu. 1. veebruaril 2009 saab president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese koosseisuväliseks nõunikuks Märt Kivine

  7. Ärikolledzhi juht mängis kooli aktsiad maha / Peeter Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raidla, Peeter, 1955-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 3. märts lk. 4. Politsei algatas kriminaalasja Eesti-Ameerika Ärikolledzhi endise presidendi Georgi Netrobtshuki vastu, uurimise all on kolledzhi nimel tehtud rahalised tehingud

  8. Euroopa jääb USAst aina enam maha / Niels Thygesen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Thygesen, Niels

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Molodjozh Estonii 28. veebr. lk. 12-13, Delovõje Vedomosti 8. märts lk. 10. Sissetulekute tase eurotsoonis tervikuna ning majandusnäitajate poolest tähtsamates riikides Prantsusmaal, Saksamaal ja Itaalias on ligikaudu 30% madalam kui Ameerika Ühendriikides. Oht, et vahe veelgi suureneb ning selle põhjustest

  9. Austerlased reedeti ja müüdi maha / Stephan Zanzerl ; ref. Hille Simm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zanzerl, Stephan

    2003-01-01

    Austria kodanikuinitsiatiivi "Kodumaa ja looduskeskkond" esindaja Stephan Zanzerli pöördumine Eesti rahva poole palvega hääletada Euroopa Liidu vastu. Euroopa Liidu negtiivsetest mõjudest Austria majandusele ja seadusandlusele

  10. Peaminister Juhan Parts ei plaani ametit maha panna / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts pooldab paremerakondade ühinemist, ei kavatse ametist lahkuda ning peab valitsuse üheks ülesandeks rahvaarutelu algatamist vabaduse samba üle. Lisa: Ene Ergma kõnest Riigikogus (13.09.2004)

  11. Von Trier mängis oma šansid maha / Jaan Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruus, Jaan, 1938-2017

    2011-01-01

    64. Cannes'i filmifestivalil auhindadele kandideerivatest filmidest. Lisatud nimekiri võitnud töödest. Kuldse Palmioksa pälvis ameerika režissööri Terrence Malicki film "Elupuu", grand prix' belgia režissööride Jean-Pierre ja Luc Dardenne film "Poiss jalgrattaga" ning türgi režissööri Nuri Bilge Ceylani film "Ükskord Anatoolias"

  12. Nuga selga : endine lähikondne teeb maha president Bushi valitsusaja / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2008-01-01

    Endine Valge Maja pressiesindaja Scott McClellan kirjutas kritiseeriva raamatu "What Happened" president George W. Bushist ja tema kaastöötajatest. Vt. samas: "Me oleme segaduses. See pole Scott, keda me tundsime"; Väljavõtteid Scott McClellani raamatust

  13. Austerlased reedeti ja müüdi maha / Stephan Zanzerl ; ref. Hille Simm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zanzerl, Stephan

    2003-01-01

    Austria kodanikuinitsiatiivi "Kodumaa ja looduskeskkond" esindaja Stephan Zanzerli pöördumine Eesti rahva poole palvega hääletada Euroopa Liidu vastu. Euroopa Liidu negtiivsetest mõjudest Austria majandusele ja seadusandlusele

  14. Mereröövlid saabusid suvist letargiat maha raputama / Mari Rebane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Mari

    2006-01-01

    Esilinastus Gore Verbinski piraaditriloogia teine film "Kariibi mere piraadid : Surnud mehe aardekirst" : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2006. Lisaks lühendatud artikkel Los Angeles Times 10. juuli Josh Friedman "Piraadid püstitasid kassarekordi" ja katke ajalehele Guardian antud intervjuust Johnny Deppiga "Kapten Jack Sparrow laseb Deppil pingeid maandada"

  15. Uudised : Balleti võlumaailm. Agent M sai maha uue plaadi, singli ja videoga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Rahvusooper Estonia, eesotsas Mai Murdmaa, Tatjana Järvi ja Lemme Järviga, korraldab põhikoolinoortele balletti tutvustavaid etendusi. Alternatiivrokki viljeleva ansambli Agent M heliplaadist "Spionaazh" ja videost laulule "Queen of the World" (www.agentm.pri.ee)

  16. Eesti Energia: valitsus võtab aja maha ja laseb börsimõttel veel settida / Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2010-01-01

    Täna valitsuskabinetis toimuv arutelu ei paista keskenduvat mitte sellele, kas Eesti Energia börsile viimise plaan on hea või halb, vaid pigem sellele, kui kiire Eesti Energial oma plaanide rahastamisega on ning kas kõik ettevõtte soovid lähevad riigi eesmärkidega kokku. Eesti Energia investeeringute kava tekitab praegu rohkem küsimusi kui rahastamine

  17. Klimti tööd tagasi saanud juudi pere müüb need maha

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Klimti maalide "Kasemets/Pöögimets" (1901), "Adele Bloch-Bauer II" (1912), "Õunapuu" (1912) ja "Majad Unterachis Attersee ääres" (1916) õiguspäraseks omanikuks tunnistati Ferdinand Bloch-Baueri vennatütar Maria Altmann. Maalid müüakse sügisel. Praegu asuvad maalid New Yorgis saksa ja austria kunsti muuseumis Neue Galerie's

  18. Don't miss the Baltic money train = Balti raharongist ei tasu maha jääda / Tex Vertmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vertmann, Tex

    2005-01-01

    Balti ühisturust, mis pakub uusi võimalusi nii investoritele, börsi liikmetele, börsiettevõtetele kui ka infovendoritele. Turuväärtuse-põhisest indeksist BALTIX. Tagasivaade 2004. aasta Balti börsile. Lisad: OMX Excanges; Mis on Balti ühisturg?; Börsil kauplemise kolm sammu. Kommenteerivad Gert Tiivas ja Mart Tõevere

  19. Ärma talu ehitanud Aus Invest müüdi Panama riiulifirmale maha / Kadri Paas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paas, Kadri, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Ärma talu ehitanud Aus Invest OÜ ei ole maksnud tööde eest kõigile alltöövõtjatele. Proua Evelin Ilvese sõnul on Ermamaa peatöövõtjale kõigi kokkulepitud tööde eest maksnud. 2007. a. mais müüsid Aivar Aus ja Mait Aus Tartu maakohtu registriosakonna andmetel Aus Invest OÜ Panamal registreeritud riiulifirmale Arliana Enterprises Corp. Vt. samas: Nõunik sekkus presidendi teleintervjuusse. Kui telekanali TV3 Lõuna-Eesti reporter Valgamaal visiidil viibivalt Toomas Hendrik Ilveselt ja proua Evelin Ilveselt Ärma talu ehitusega kaasnenud võlgade kohta aru päris, sekkus kõnelusse presidendi avalike suhete nõunik Toomas Sildam. Vt. ka lk. 10: Urmo Soonvald. Ärma triibulised. Ajakirjanik ootab Ärma talu probleemidega seoses suuremat avalikustamist

  20. Kunstnikud, filmiloojad, mõttetargad! Ärge magage maha tähtsaid tähtaegu! / Mark Soosaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soosaar, Mark, 1946-

    1999-01-01

    Pärnu Uue Kunsti Muuseum ootab avaldusi osalemiseks 6. juunil avataval aktinäitusel "Mees ja naine" 1. maiks, 22. augustil avataval autoportreede salongis "Ma tunnen end paremini" 20. juuliks. 18.-22. aug. toimub rahvusvaheline nõupidamine "Tsensuur ja enesetsensuur", mida juhivad Judith Vidal ning Edward Lucie-Smith.

  1. Ärma talu ehitanud Aus Invest müüdi Panama riiulifirmale maha / Kadri Paas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paas, Kadri, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Ärma talu ehitanud Aus Invest OÜ ei ole maksnud tööde eest kõigile alltöövõtjatele. Proua Evelin Ilvese sõnul on Ermamaa peatöövõtjale kõigi kokkulepitud tööde eest maksnud. 2007. a. mais müüsid Aivar Aus ja Mait Aus Tartu maakohtu registriosakonna andmetel Aus Invest OÜ Panamal registreeritud riiulifirmale Arliana Enterprises Corp. Vt. samas: Nõunik sekkus presidendi teleintervjuusse. Kui telekanali TV3 Lõuna-Eesti reporter Valgamaal visiidil viibivalt Toomas Hendrik Ilveselt ja proua Evelin Ilveselt Ärma talu ehitusega kaasnenud võlgade kohta aru päris, sekkus kõnelusse presidendi avalike suhete nõunik Toomas Sildam. Vt. ka lk. 10: Urmo Soonvald. Ärma triibulised. Ajakirjanik ootab Ärma talu probleemidega seoses suuremat avalikustamist

  2. Eesti Energia: valitsus võtab aja maha ja laseb börsimõttel veel settida / Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2010-01-01

    Täna valitsuskabinetis toimuv arutelu ei paista keskenduvat mitte sellele, kas Eesti Energia börsile viimise plaan on hea või halb, vaid pigem sellele, kui kiire Eesti Energial oma plaanide rahastamisega on ning kas kõik ettevõtte soovid lähevad riigi eesmärkidega kokku. Eesti Energia investeeringute kava tekitab praegu rohkem küsimusi kui rahastamine

  3. Klimti tööd tagasi saanud juudi pere müüb need maha

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Klimti maalide "Kasemets/Pöögimets" (1901), "Adele Bloch-Bauer II" (1912), "Õunapuu" (1912) ja "Majad Unterachis Attersee ääres" (1916) õiguspäraseks omanikuks tunnistati Ferdinand Bloch-Baueri vennatütar Maria Altmann. Maalid müüakse sügisel. Praegu asuvad maalid New Yorgis saksa ja austria kunsti muuseumis Neue Galerie's

  4. Kunstnikud, filmiloojad, mõttetargad! Ärge magage maha tähtsaid tähtaegu! / Mark Soosaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soosaar, Mark, 1946-

    1999-01-01

    Pärnu Uue Kunsti Muuseum ootab avaldusi osalemiseks 6. juunil avataval aktinäitusel "Mees ja naine" 1. maiks, 22. augustil avataval autoportreede salongis "Ma tunnen end paremini" 20. juuliks. 18.-22. aug. toimub rahvusvaheline nõupidamine "Tsensuur ja enesetsensuur", mida juhivad Judith Vidal ning Edward Lucie-Smith.

  5. Don't miss the Baltic money train = Balti raharongist ei tasu maha jääda / Tex Vertmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vertmann, Tex

    2005-01-01

    Balti ühisturust, mis pakub uusi võimalusi nii investoritele, börsi liikmetele, börsiettevõtetele kui ka infovendoritele. Turuväärtuse-põhisest indeksist BALTIX. Tagasivaade 2004. aasta Balti börsile. Lisad: OMX Excanges; Mis on Balti ühisturg?; Börsil kauplemise kolm sammu. Kommenteerivad Gert Tiivas ja Mart Tõevere

  6. Shmigun : tulin medalit võitma, nüüd võite mu maha kanda / Toomas Huik, Deivil Tserp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Huik, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 28. veebr., lk. 9. Kristina Shmigun lõpetas naiste 10 km distantsi üheksandana. Vt. samas ka intervjuud Kristina mänedzheri ja elukaaslase Kristjan-Thor Vähiga

  7. A Buddhist Way of Drug Rehabilitation in Thailand - Approaching Drug Addiction With Loving Kindness: An Interview With Phra Maha Narong Chaiyatha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carina Pichler

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Narong Chaiyatha has worked at the Quality Development of Life Center for 12 years and is engaged in diverse social projects as a Buddhist monk. The Quality Development of Life Center is an alternative program of dealing with drug addiction in Thailand and was established in 1993. On the premises of a Buddhist temple, the participants live together with monks, practice meditation, join chanting and dhamma talks, and help cultivate the temple. The program is part of the implementation of restorative justice in the criminal justice system. Depending on the severity of the drug addiction andthe social background of the person, the Department of Probation of the Ministry of Justice sends clients to the center to take part in the Buddhist rehabilitation program for two months. This interviewis based on the experiences of Narong Chaiyatha at the Quality Development of Life Center in Thep Mongkol temple, Amnat Charoen, Thailand, and gives an overview of some of the central elementsof the program, positive impacts for the community as well as challenges in its implementation. The interview was conducted at the same location on 28 January 2013.

  8. Kaitseväelastele sauna laenanud mees: nad põletasid mu sauna maha, aga süüdi olen mina! / Arvo Uustalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uustalu, Arvo, 1964-

    2014-01-01

    Õppuse "Kevadtorm" ajal toimunud saunapõlengust. Päästeameti inspektori sõnul põhjustas põlengu ülekütmine ja ehitusviga, seega puudub omanikul õiguslik alus nõuda kaitseväelt kompensatsiooni

  9. 女性主义视域下的《摩诃摩耶》%Maha -maya From the Feminist Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶婷

    2015-01-01

    Maya-maya is an India writer Tagore 's short story, one of the world literature stories. We interpret the works of with the feminist criticism thinking that the cause of the tragedy of Maya-maya is the oppression of Indian patriarchal society 's ingrained caste system, marriage system, outdated customs and bad habits. Maya -maya is a moving image of the awakening of female consciousness and the special nature of this classic text cannot do without the creation of Tagore 's cultural personality.%《摩诃摩耶》是印度作家泰戈尔的短篇小说,是世界文学史上短篇小说的精品. 我们运用女权主义批评的方法解读该作品,认为摩诃摩耶的悲剧因由是印度男权社会根深蒂固的种姓制度、婚姻制度、陈规陋习的压迫. 摩诃摩耶是一个女性意识觉醒的动人的女性形象,这个经典文本的创作离不开泰戈尔文化人格的特殊性.

  10. Siam and the League of Nations : modernization, sovereignty, and multilateral diplomacy, 1920-1940

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hell, Stefan Matthias

    2007-01-01

    This study analyses the relations between Siam and the League of Nations from 1920 to 1940. It identifies Siam’s policy towards the League as a cornerstone of Siam’s foreign policy and an important element of Siam’s domestic modernization during the sixth, seventh and eighth reigns of the Chakri

  11. Beijing’s Starter Carrier and Future Steps: Alternatives and Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    built Thailand’s Chakri Naruebet, Spain’s Empresa Nacio- nal Bazán reportedly attempts to market its SAC-200 and -220 light CATOBAR designs, but... familiar in Northeast Asia. While states like Vietnam, Indonesia, and India are concerned about China’s rising naval power and will likely seek to

  12. The role of chemotherapy in gastric cancer-related microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, David

    2017-01-01

    We report a case of a previously well 46-year-old man who presented with microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia (MAHA) of unknown origin. After extensive investigations, he was diagnosed with cancer-related microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia (CR-MAHA) secondary to gastric adenocarcinoma. Initial treatment with plasmapheresis was ineffective, but the patient’s haematological abnormalities improved markedly with chemotherapy directed against his gastric cancer. Our case amplifies previous experience of gastric cancer-associated MAHA which responded to treatment with chemotherapy. We review current understanding of the proposed pathophysiology of CR-MAHA and conclude that this condition is ideally treated with chemotherapy.

  13. Teeme ära! kampaania prügi vedeleb juba viis aastat elamute külje all : Tartus Raadil asuvast umbes 15 000 tonnist prügist on maha müüdud vaid tühine kogus puitu, ülejäänu saatus on lahtine / Virkko Lepassalu ; kommenteerib Peeter Eek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepassalu, Virkko, 1971-

    2013-01-01

    2008. a Teeme ära! talgute partner, prügikäitlusfirma Utileek läks pankrotti, jättes prügikorjetalgute prügilaamad koristamata Tartus Raadil ja Tallinna lähedal Viimsis. Keskkonnaministeerium, kes Utileegi teiste prügikäitlusfirmade hulgast oma Teeme ära! partneriks valis, ei soovi tellida platside puhastamist

  14. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2008-01-01

    Suri helilooja Mauricio Kagel. Ajakirja Gramophone 2008. aasta preemiad selgunud. Avastati Mozarti käsikiri. Bryn Terfel võtab hoo maha. Lajkus klaverivabrikant Henry Steinway. Philip Glass loob ooperi Walt Disney elust

  15. Rescue excavations on Alt-Laari settlement site, Tartumaa / Anti Lillak, Heiki Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lillak, Anti

    2009-01-01

    Alt-Laari linnusasula tekkis nähtavasti rooma rauaajal. Kui Alt-Laari linnus oli kasutused arvatavasti I aastatuhandest II aastatuhandeni pKr. siis asula kestis edasi keskajal ning jäeti maha hiljemalt 14. sajandil

  16. Tšetšeenias tapeti juba teine tuntud inimõiguslane / Kalev Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Kalev

    2009-01-01

    Tšetšeenias tapeti inimõigusaktivist Zarema Sadulajeva ja tema abikaasa Alik Džabrailov ning Dagestanis lasti maha kohaliku avaarikeelse ajalehe Hakikat toimetaja ja samuti aktiivne inimõiguslane Malik Ahmedilov

  17. Laev pooleks / K. Heinmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinmaa, K.

    1982-01-01

    Melassi vedanud tanker murdus tormis pooleks, nende omavaheline kaugus oli lõpuks u 100 miili. Hukkus üks inimene, laeva pooled pukseeriti sadamasse kuid otsustati maha kanda, kätte saadi osa melassist

  18. Tartu teadlased avastasid taimedel ammu otsitud põuakindluse geeni / Ulvar Käärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärt, Ulvar, 1982-

    2008-01-01

    Tartu ülikooli teadlased said koostöös Helsingi ja California San Diego ülikooli kolleegidega maha tähtas avastusega, mis tõotab aluse panna senisest kuivakindlamate põllukultuuride aretamisele

  19. Eesti Energia tahab julgeolekumaksu / Sandor Liive ; interv. Andrus Karnau

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liive, Sandor

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu Eesti Energia juhi Sandor Liivega ettevõtte pikaajalise investeerimisplaani teemal. Sandor Liive tahab kehtestada energiajulgeolekumaksu, mis lisanduks iga inimese ja ettevõtte elektriarvele. Vt. samas: Arengukava; Valitsus pumpab energiahiidu miljardeid; Eesti mattis Ignalina maha

  20. Kanada koolimõrv nõudis ühe ohvri / Rein Kärner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärner, Rein

    1999-01-01

    Veidi enam kui nädal pärast tapatalguid Colorado osariigi Littletoni koolis laskis Kanadas Taberi väikelinnas W. R. Myersi keskkoolis sama kooli endine õpilane Jason Lang maha oma endise koolikaaslase

  1. Abilinnapea Ratas pidas uputust paratamatuseks / Jüri Ratas ; interv. Piret Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ratas, Jüri, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna abilinnapea Jüri Ratas kommenteerib olukorda linnas, kus kahe päevaga sadas maha rohkem kui juulikuu sademete norm ette näeb. Vt. samas Meelis Eldermann. Miks veevärk vihmaga toime ei tulnud?

  2. Laev pooleks / K. Heinmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinmaa, K.

    1982-01-01

    Melassi vedanud tanker murdus tormis pooleks, nende omavaheline kaugus oli lõpuks u 100 miili. Hukkus üks inimene, laeva pooled pukseeriti sadamasse kuid otsustati maha kanda, kätte saadi osa melassist

  3. Erastaja varjas osalusi Rail Estonias / Anneli Ammas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ammas, Anneli, 1962-

    2001-01-01

    Eesti Päevalehe andmeil on Eesti Raudtee erastamiskonkursi võitnud Rail Estonia suurim aktsionär John Orrison. Vt. samas "Töötasid koos Bushi kabinetis". Väidetavalt salgab J. Orrison Tony Massei tundmise maha

  4. Mis toimub Põhja-Koreas? / Aadu Hiietamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiietamm, Aadu, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    Infoagentuuri UPI teatel võib Põhja-Korea liider Kim Jong-il olla surnud, avalikest kohtadest on hakatud maha võtma tema portreesid. Põhja-Korea infoagentuur eitab seda. Ekspertide versioonidest Põhja-Koreas toimuva kohta

  5. Investorid on hakanud mässama / Tõnis Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Tõnis, 1957-

    2009-01-01

    Viimastel aastatel on üha enam tekitanud nurinat börsiettevõtete juhtide palgad ja boonused. Viimati hääletasid juhtide kompensatsioonipaketi maha Briti-Hollandi naftafirma Royal Dutch Shell aktsionärid

  6. Inimtapamaja pühak / Madli Pesti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pesti, Madli, 1980-

    2008-01-01

    Proosairjanik, näitekirjanik, luuletaja Elfride Jelineki loomingust. (E. Jelineki "Mis juhtus pärast seda, kui Nora oma mehe maha oli jätnud ehk Ühiskondade toed" Von Krahli Teatris, lavastaja Rainer Sarnet)

  7. Narva-Jõesuu puitpitsiga villad - Robert Kolbe ja Pantelejevi villad

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Narva-Jõesuu mauri stiilis Robert Kolbe villa ja selle ehitusdetailid - puitpitsimustrites imiteeriti Hispaanias asuva Alhambra lossi kiviraidkunsti - põles maha 2006. aastal. Pantelejevi villa puitpitsid olid Karjala-Vene rahvuslikus stiilis

  8. Abilinnapea Ratas pidas uputust paratamatuseks / Jüri Ratas ; interv. Piret Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ratas, Jüri, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna abilinnapea Jüri Ratas kommenteerib olukorda linnas, kus kahe päevaga sadas maha rohkem kui juulikuu sademete norm ette näeb. Vt. samas Meelis Eldermann. Miks veevärk vihmaga toime ei tulnud?

  9. B. B. ja järelpõlved / Ave Mattheus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mattheus, Ave

    2007-01-01

    Arvustus: Enzensberger, Hans Magnus. Tõmba sobimatu maha / saksa keelest tlk. Maarja Kangro. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2006 (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 33) ; Brecht, Bertolt. Luulet / koost. Märt Väljataga. Tallinn : Vagabund, 2007

  10. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2008-01-01

    Suri helilooja Mauricio Kagel. Ajakirja Gramophone 2008. aasta preemiad selgunud. Avastati Mozarti käsikiri. Bryn Terfel võtab hoo maha. Lajkus klaverivabrikant Henry Steinway. Philip Glass loob ooperi Walt Disney elust

  11. Lipusignatuuri juhtumist / Kalev Rattus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rattus, Kalev

    2009-01-01

    EAÜ tegevdirektor lipulangetamismuusika muutmisest, autoriõigusega kaasnevatest probleemidest vastuseks 3. juuli Eesti Päevahes ilmunud Mart Niineste artiklile "Häbi, mille peseb maha seitsmekümne aastaga"

  12. Lähis-Ida demokraatia kevad / Saad Eddin Ibrahim

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrahim, Saad Eddin

    2005-01-01

    Demokraatia arengust ja demokraatlike parteide olukorrast Lähis-Idas. Autori sõnul ei saa islamistlikke liikumisi maha suruda ainult jõuga, selle asemel tuleks kasutada poliitilisi reforme. Lisa: Vabaduse tugi

  13. Investorid on hakanud mässama / Tõnis Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Tõnis, 1957-

    2009-01-01

    Viimastel aastatel on üha enam tekitanud nurinat börsiettevõtete juhtide palgad ja boonused. Viimati hääletasid juhtide kompensatsioonipaketi maha Briti-Hollandi naftafirma Royal Dutch Shell aktsionärid

  14. Kanada koolimõrv nõudis ühe ohvri / Rein Kärner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärner, Rein

    1999-01-01

    Veidi enam kui nädal pärast tapatalguid Colorado osariigi Littletoni koolis laskis Kanadas Taberi väikelinnas W. R. Myersi keskkoolis sama kooli endine õpilane Jason Lang maha oma endise koolikaaslase

  15. Vandaalid skulptuuri kallal : Lurich kaotas matši, aga jäi oma kohale

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Tallinnas Pirita linnaosas asuv Georg Lurichi kuju langes kaheksandat korda vandaalide ohvriks: pronksskulptuur murti maha, kuid kuju kaasa vedada ei õnnestunud. Amandus Adamsoni loodud skulptuuri pronkskoopia autor on Tõnu Maarand

  16. B. B. ja järelpõlved / Ave Mattheus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mattheus, Ave

    2007-01-01

    Arvustus: Enzensberger, Hans Magnus. Tõmba sobimatu maha / saksa keelest tlk. Maarja Kangro. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2006 (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 33) ; Brecht, Bertolt. Luulet / koost. Märt Väljataga. Tallinn : Vagabund, 2007

  17. Lähis-Ida demokraatia kevad / Saad Eddin Ibrahim

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrahim, Saad Eddin

    2005-01-01

    Demokraatia arengust ja demokraatlike parteide olukorrast Lähis-Idas. Autori sõnul ei saa islamistlikke liikumisi maha suruda ainult jõuga, selle asemel tuleks kasutada poliitilisi reforme. Lisa: Vabaduse tugi

  18. Kas Microsoft on ikka 21. sajandil tegija? / Fredy-Edwin Esse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Esse, Fredy-Edwin

    2011-01-01

    Autori sõnul on Microsoft tugevalt maha jäänud innovaatiliste tehnoloogiate rakendamisel, firma peamine turg on personaalarvutid, kuid prognoositakse nutitelefonide ja tahvelarvutite turu kiiremat kasvu. Microsofti saavutustest

  19. Tartu teadlased avastasid taimedel ammu otsitud põuakindluse geeni / Ulvar Käärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärt, Ulvar, 1982-

    2008-01-01

    Tartu ülikooli teadlased said koostöös Helsingi ja California San Diego ülikooli kolleegidega maha tähtas avastusega, mis tõotab aluse panna senisest kuivakindlamate põllukultuuride aretamisele

  20. Rahvaliidu lagunemine jätkub

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Rahvaliidu Viimsi osakonna liikmete otsusest avaldada toetust Tallinna organisatsiooni 10 liikme avaldusele "Rahvaliit on maha müünud oma valijate huvid" ja lahkuda kollektiivselt erakonnast. Lahkunute seas on ka endine Viimsi vallavanem Ants-Hembo Lindemann

  1. Kinnisvara pakkumishinda saab oluliselt alla kaubelda / Andres Hall

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hall, Andres

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Molodjozh Estonii : Nedvizhimost 26. jaan. lk. 1, Delovõje Vedomosti 16. märts lk. 16. . Kinnisvara pakkumishinnad sisaldavad olulisel määral "õhku", mida ostjal on võimalik hinnast maha kaubelda

  2. Tipp-pankur, kelle aastapalk on 1 dollar / Eric Dash

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dash, Eric

    2010-01-01

    Citigroupi juhi Vikram Panditi aastapalk on 1 dollar, seda seni, kuni pank on taas kindlalt kasumis. Tükk tüki haaval nülib ta maha ettevõtte liigseid harusid, tugevdab panga bilanssi, stabiliseerides finantse

  3. Kas nüüd kukub ka Berlusconi? / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Sündmused Kreekas võimendavad Itaalias veelgi nõudeid peaminister Silvio Berlusconi kohalt maha võtta. Berlusconi teatas, et jätkab peaministrina, kuid tema selja taga asuv paremparteide blokk on hakanud murenema

  4. A novel photopolymerizable derivative of hyaluronan for designed hydrogel formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bobula, Tomáš; Buffa, Radovan; Hermannová, Martina; Kohutová, Lenka; Procházková, Pavlína; Vágnerová, Hana; Čepa, Martin; Wolfová, Lucie; Židek, Ondřej; Velebný, Vladimír

    2017-04-01

    A new photopolymerizable derivative of hyaluronan (methacrylhydrazide-HA, MAHA) was prepared by carbodiimide chemistry. The reaction conditions were optimized for molecular weight (Mw), reaction time and amount of reagents with a degree of methacrylation (DM) ranging from 2% to 58%. Methacrylhydrazide-HA was hydrolytically stable (PBS, 7days, 37°C) in contrast to commonly used methacrylester analoque (23% hydrolyzed). MAHA readily photopolymerized into densely crosslinked hydrogels under physiological conditions. The varied DM, Mw, irradiation time (texp) and macromer concentration in photocrosslinking afforded hydrogels with different physical (swelling ratio, degradation rate) and mechanical properties (stiffness, toughness). Three-dimensional fabrication and surface patterning of MAHA hydrogels were demonstrated by photolithography and light mediated micromolding. A live-dead assay with skin fibroblasts showed convenient biocompatibility of MAHA (16%, 116kDa) for potential scaffolding applications in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine.

  5. Lipusignatuuri juhtumist / Kalev Rattus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rattus, Kalev

    2009-01-01

    EAÜ tegevdirektor lipulangetamismuusika muutmisest, autoriõigusega kaasnevatest probleemidest vastuseks 3. juuli Eesti Päevahes ilmunud Mart Niineste artiklile "Häbi, mille peseb maha seitsmekümne aastaga"

  6. Valuutavahetus teenib tarbijapettusest lisa / Anne Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Anne, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Valuutavahtusettevõte Monex annab valuutavahetajatele kaasa enda logoga plastikkaaned ja teeninduspunktide kaardi ning võtab tasuna väljamakstavast summast 40 krooni maha. Vt. samas intervjuud Alfred Neumeisteriga; Tarbijakaitse: võtame Monexi kontrollplaani

  7. Autosild toob vanalinna fooride jada ja kahesuunalise tänava / Mari-Liis Hüvato

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hüvato, Mari-Liis

    2005-01-01

    1554. a. mainiti esmakordselt Vene silda Vene värava ees, 1775.a. põles sild maha ja 1810.a. ehitati uus puusild. 1823.a. otsustati sild lammutada, 1826.a. ehitati uus sild. 1923.a. põles sild maha ja 1926.a. ehitati hobuveovankritele mõeldud raudbetoonist Vabadussild. 1841.a. õhkis vene sõjavägi silla, sakslased taastasid selle samal aastal. 1944.a. sakslased taandusid ja õhkisid silla. 1993.a. ehitati raudsild.

  8. Autosild toob vanalinna fooride jada ja kahesuunalise tänava / Mari-Liis Hüvato

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hüvato, Mari-Liis

    2005-01-01

    1554. a. mainiti esmakordselt Vene silda Vene värava ees, 1775.a. põles sild maha ja 1810.a. ehitati uus puusild. 1823.a. otsustati sild lammutada, 1826.a. ehitati uus sild. 1923.a. põles sild maha ja 1926.a. ehitati hobuveovankritele mõeldud raudbetoonist Vabadussild. 1841.a. õhkis vene sõjavägi silla, sakslased taastasid selle samal aastal. 1944.a. sakslased taandusid ja õhkisid silla. 1993.a. ehitati raudsild.

  9. Dynamic mechanical and swelling properties of maleated hyaluronic acid hydrogels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Hai; Liu, Jun; Zhang, Kai; Fan, Yujiang; Zhang, Xingdong

    2015-06-05

    A series of maleated hyaluronan (MaHA) are developed by modification with maleic anhydride. The degrees of substitution (DS) of MaHA vary between 7% and 75%. The DS of MaHA is both higher and wider than methacrylated HA derivatives (MeHA) reported in the literature. MaHA hydrogels are then prepared by photopolymerization and their dynamic mechanical and swelling properties of the hydrogels are investigated. The results showed that MaHA hydrogels with moderate DS (25%, 50% and 65%) have higher storage modulus and lower equilibrium swelling ratios than those with either low or high DS (7%, 15% and 75%). Theoretical analyses also suggest a similar pattern among hydrogels with different DS. The results confirm that the increased cross-linking density enhances the strength of hydrogels. Meanwhile, the hydrophilicity of introduced groups during modification and the degree of incomplete crosslinking reaction might have negative impact on the mechanical and swelling properties of MaHA hydrogels.

  10. Carambola Cultivar, Fruit Ripeness, and Damage by Conspecific Larvae Influence the Host-Related Behaviors of Anastrepha obliqua (Diptera: Tephritidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Ley, Jorge Ulises; Toledo, Jorge; Malo, Edi A; Gomez, Jaime; Santiesteban, Antonio; Rojas, Julio C

    2016-02-01

    In this study, we investigated the influence of cultivar type, fruit ripeness, and damage by conspecific larvae on the attraction of Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) (Diptera: Tephritidae) to and oviposition on carambola fruit (Averroha carambola L.). The attraction of both sexes of A. obliqua to fruit of different quality was evaluated through cage experiments in the field, and the oviposition preferences of mated females were examined in laboratory tests. Both sexes, mated or virgin, were more attracted to the "Maha" fruit than to the "Golden Star" fruit, and the females oviposited more frequently on the Maha cultivar than the Golden Star cultivar. Both sexes were more attracted to ripe and half-ripe Maha fruits than to mature green fruit, and although females did not show a preference for ovipositing on half-ripe or ripe fruits, they did not oviposit on mature green fruits. Males did not show a preference for the volatiles from uninfested, artificially damaged, or infested Maha fruits, but females were more attracted to uninfested fruits than to artificially damaged and infested Maha fruits. Furthermore, females preferred to oviposit on uninfested fruits compared with artificially damaged fruit, and they did not oviposit on infested fruits. © The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  11. How atypical can Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome be?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sajan, Thomas; Vinay, Srinivasa; Sonu, Nigam; Alan, Parnham

    2014-04-01

    A 24-year-old man with diarrhea found to have acute renal failure with microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA). A diagnosis of hemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS) was made. He was initiated on plasma exchange and hemodialysis. On day 6, he was started on eculizumab. His renal functions progressively improved. His main complication during eculizumab therapy was hypertension-related posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome.

  12. Ema veab võitlust Tallinna TV vastu / Pekka Erelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erelt, Pekka, 1965-

    2011-01-01

    Kerstin Raidma algatas kampaania "Maha Tallinna TV - raha lasteaedadele". Tema koostatud petitsioonile on alla kirjutanud ligi 4500 inimest, liikumisest on välja kasvanud MTÜ Kodaniku Hääl. K. Raidma eestvedamisel esitati Tallinna linnavolikogule eelnõu, milles nõutakse lasteaedadele rohkem raha

  13. Moodsa luule maailmakeel / Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljataga, Märt, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Magrelli, Valerio. Luule DNA = Il DNE della poesia / tõlkinudk Maarja Kangro ja Kalju Kruusa. Tallinn : Koma, 2006 ; Enzensberger, Hans. Tõmba sobimatu maha : [luuletused] / saksa keelest tõlkinud [ja järelsõna:] Maarja Kangro. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2006 ; Kronbergs, Juris. Maa-alune luule / läti keelest tõlkinud Guntars Godinsh, Livia Viitol. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2007

  14. Püha pesu / Kaius Niemi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niemi, Kaius

    2001-01-01

    Kümned miljonid palverändurid pesevad end pühas Gangese jões Indias. Maailma ajaloo kõige suurem ususündmus Maha Kumbh Melat toimub iga tosina aasta järel ja kestab 43 päeva. Allikas: Helsingin Sanomat

  15. Eluasemelaenu intresside tulumaksutagastus säilib / Kärt Anvelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anvelt, Kärt, 1973-

    2010-01-01

    Reformierakond ning IRL otsustasid, et eluasemelaenude intresside tulumaksu tagastamise teema võetakse päevakorralt maha. Rahandusministeeriumi plaani kohaselt oleks tulumaksutagastus kadunud järk-järgult, soodustus poleks kehtinud uutele laenudele alates 2011. aastast. Rahandusminister Jürgen Ligi, Margus Tsahkna, Kadri Simsoni arvamusi ja hinnanguid. Graafik, diagramm

  16. Briti peaminister Blair : põhiseadusleping vajab aega järelemõtlemiseks / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2005-01-01

    Peagi EL-i eesistujamaaks saava Suurbritannia peaminister Tony Blair soovitab pärast EL-i põhiseaduslepingu tagasilükkamist Prantsusmaal ja Hollandis aeg maha võtta, järele mõelda ning arutada asja Euroopa ülemkogus

  17. Berlusconi püsib püsti ka siis, kui kogu valitsus kukub / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2010-01-01

    Itaalia peaministri Silvio Berlusconi senine liitlane Gianfranco Fini kutsus oma partei neli ministrit valitsusliidust tagasi ja nõudis Berlusoni ametist lahkumist. Peaminister ametit maha panna ei kavatse ning on nõus usaldushääletusega alles siis, kui 2011. a. riigieelarve on vastu võetud

  18. Liberalism, vabaturumajandus ja rahvuslus / Eva Piirimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirimäe, Eva, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Rahvuslus on liberaaldemokraatia ning vabaturumajanduse tingimustes osutunud vastupidavamaks kui arvati. On tõenäoline, et ka eesti rahvuslus ei lase end nii kergesti maha suruda ning on elujõuline tänu oma muutumisvõimele. Euroopa kosmopolitism, rahvusluse elujõud, Eesti Euroopas, rahvusluse ideoloogia poliitilistes tõmbetuultes

  19. Teisitiütleja Peter Handke / Jaan Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Jaan, 1958-

    2006-01-01

    Handke Slobodan Milo̧eviî matustel peetud kõne tõi kaasa Comédie-Franȧise'i boikoti: mängukavast võeti maha tema näidend, mille esietendus oli planeeritud jaanuaris 2007. Ka Handke võrdlus Thomas Bernhardi ja Elfriede Jelinekiga

  20. Moodsa luule maailmakeel / Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljataga, Märt, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Magrelli, Valerio. Luule DNA = Il DNE della poesia / tõlkinudk Maarja Kangro ja Kalju Kruusa. Tallinn : Koma, 2006 ; Enzensberger, Hans. Tõmba sobimatu maha : [luuletused] / saksa keelest tõlkinud [ja järelsõna:] Maarja Kangro. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2006 ; Kronbergs, Juris. Maa-alune luule / läti keelest tõlkinud Guntars Godinsh, Livia Viitol. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2007

  1. Tekstiilitööstus Mivar-Viva vahetas tegevjuhi välja / Toomas Värva ; interv. Hans Väre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Värva, Toomas, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Endine Mivar-Viva juhatuse esimees Aleksander Sepp lahkus omal soovil, uueks tegevjuhiks sai endine müügijuht Toomas Värva. Lisa: Mivar-Viva. Arvamust avaldab endine tegevjuht Aleksander Sepp. Vt. samas: Omanikud pole uue tehase mõtet maha matnud

  2. The Development of Knowledge and Awareness of Environmental Laws and Participation in Environmental Conservation of Probationers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanlu, Somchai; Singseewo, Adisak; Suksringarm, Paitool

    2015-01-01

    This research aimed to develop knowledge and awareness about environmental laws and participation in environmental conservation of probationers in MahaSarakham Province, Thailand. This study was divided into 3 stages. Stage 1: was the development of a training manual and construction of training evaluation instruments which consisted of a…

  3. Handid taanduvad naftatööstuse ees / Ott Heinapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinapuu, Ott, 1979-

    2008-01-01

    Läänme-Siberi põliselanikud on sunnitud laienevate naftaväljade tõttu oma elupaigad maha jätma. Vt. samas: Venemaa presidendi põhjapõtrade sugu hakkab välja surema. Lisad: Handid; Salym Petroleum Development B. V.

  4. Leaders bow heads for synagogue tragedy

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    4. juulil 1941 põletasid natsid Riias maha sünagoogi, mille käigus võis hukkuda kuni 2000 juuti. 4. juuli mälestustseremoonial osales hulk tipp-poliitikuid ja väliskülalisi, kellele Iisraeli suursaadik Gary Koren pani südamele propageerida antisemitismi null-tolerantsi Lätis

  5. Internet - rohi või mürk? / Kristjan Port

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Port, Kristjan

    2007-01-01

    Vietnami valitsus püüab seksiteemaliste veebisaitide programmiga suurendada sündivust. Seevastu Jaapani perekonna planeerimise ühingu arvates on internet ventiil, mille kaudu jaapanlased oma seksuaalse energia maha laevad, nii et seda ei jagu enam iibe tõstmiseks

  6. Püha pesu / Kaius Niemi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niemi, Kaius

    2001-01-01

    Kümned miljonid palverändurid pesevad end pühas Gangese jões Indias. Maailma ajaloo kõige suurem ususündmus Maha Kumbh Melat toimub iga tosina aasta järel ja kestab 43 päeva. Allikas: Helsingin Sanomat

  7. Environmental Education Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bootrach, Pradit; Thiengkamol, Nongnapas; Thiengkamol, Tanarat Khoowaranyoo

    2015-01-01

    Data was collected from 403 primary school administrators in Maha Sarakham Province, Thailand, to develop causal relationship model of Administrator Characteristics (AC), Teacher Characteristics (TC) and Environmental Education Principle (EE) that affect Environmental Education Strategy (EES) through Inspiration of Public Mind for Environmental…

  8. Võidu monument / Marco Montanari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Montanari, Marco

    2007-01-01

    Itaallasest autori sõnul on pronkssõduri juhtum midagi niisugust, mida itaallased mõistavad. Ta kirjeldab, kuidas Lõuna-Tiroolis püstitatud Võidu monumendi tähtsus aastatega muutus, ning arvab, et ka Eesti inimesed peaksid pronkssõdurit ümbritsevad kired maha jahutama

  9. Urmas Sõõrumaa müüb oma osaluse Vene turvaettevõtetes / Lauri Linnamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnamäe, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    Suurärimees Urmas Sõõrumaa müüb maha oma osaluse Venemaa turvafirmades Alfa Nord ja A-N Holding, et ennetada ettevõtete vastu suunatud sanktsioone. Rünnakute alla on langenud ka soomlastega seotud kaubaterminal Container Finance. Lisa: Oht majanduskasvule

  10. Mentor - valus, kuid aus peegel / Teeli Remmelg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remmelg, Teeli

    2008-01-01

    Mentor Asko Talu näeb ennast kui juhi ausat peeglit ning väidab, et mentor ei saagi juhile otseselt midagi soovitada, vaid aitab pigem oma küsimustega teisel poolel ise vastusteni jõuda. Vt. samas: Mart Kallas. Mentor võtab hetkeemotsioonid maha

  11. Internet - rohi või mürk? / Kristjan Port

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Port, Kristjan

    2007-01-01

    Vietnami valitsus püüab seksiteemaliste veebisaitide programmiga suurendada sündivust. Seevastu Jaapani perekonna planeerimise ühingu arvates on internet ventiil, mille kaudu jaapanlased oma seksuaalse energia maha laevad, nii et seda ei jagu enam iibe tõstmiseks

  12. Eesti värsitoodang aastal 1932 / Ants Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oras, Ants, 1900-1982

    2009-01-01

    Pikemalt käsitletakse järgnevaid autoreid ja nende teoseid: Jaan Kärner "Inimene ristteel", Henrik Visnapuu "Päike ja jõgi", Johannes Barbarus "E.V.-r", Johannes Schütz "Maha rahu!", Vilmar Adams "Maise matka poolel teel"

  13. Berlusconi püsib püsti ka siis, kui kogu valitsus kukub / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2010-01-01

    Itaalia peaministri Silvio Berlusconi senine liitlane Gianfranco Fini kutsus oma partei neli ministrit valitsusliidust tagasi ja nõudis Berlusoni ametist lahkumist. Peaminister ametit maha panna ei kavatse ning on nõus usaldushääletusega alles siis, kui 2011. a. riigieelarve on vastu võetud

  14. The Development of Knowledge and Awareness of Environmental Laws and Participation in Environmental Conservation of Probationers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wanlu, Somchai; Singseewo, Adisak; Suksringarm, Paitool

    2015-01-01

    This research aimed to develop knowledge and awareness about environmental laws and participation in environmental conservation of probationers in MahaSarakham Province, Thailand. This study was divided into 3 stages. Stage 1: was the development of a training manual and construction of training evaluation instruments which consisted of a…

  15. Eesti talurahvas fotoaparaadi ees XIX sajandil / Tõnis Liibek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liibek, Tõnis

    2008-01-01

    Näitus "Reis maale. Etnograafilised tüübid fotos" Kumus kuni 14.IX. Kuraator ja kujundaja Liina Siib. Talurahva pildistamisel jäi Eesti Soomest maha, sest Eesti talurahvakultuuri jäädvustavad institutsioonid ei olnud piisavalt initsiatiivikad

  16. Famar-Desi jagas heldelt omanikele dividende / Sten-Aleks Pihlak, Kadri Jakobson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihlak, Sten-Aleks

    2008-01-01

    Ehituse ABC maha müünud Famar-Desi endised omanikud kirjutasid endale müügi eel välja 480 miljonit krooni dividende. Vt. samas: Taust; Famar-Desi teenis mullu 100 miljonit krooni kasumit. Kommenteerib Rain Tamm

  17. Famar-Desi mehed püüdsid kuldkala / Kadri Jakobson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jakobson, Kadri, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 2. juuli lk. 6-7. Prantsuse suurkontsernile Isover Saint-Gobain maha müüdud Ehituse ABC endised omanikud võtsid enne müügitehingut ettevõttest pea 500 miljonit krooni dividende. Vt. samas: Jaan Kabin: vene mehed ajasid eesti asja; Daatumid; Taust; Faktid

  18. Marks & Spencer loob ELis maksupretsedenti / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 13. apr. lk. 6. Briti rõivakett Marks & Spencer kaebas, et Briti maksuseadused, mis ei lubanud emafirma Suurbritannias maksustavast tulust maha kanda Saksamaal, Prantsusmaal ja Belgias asunud tütarfirmade suuri kahjumeid üheksakümnendate aastate lõpus, on vastuolus EL-i ühisturu seadustega

  19. Nora ehk elu võimalikkusest naisena perekonnas, teatris ja kapitalismis / Anneli Saro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saro, Anneli, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Naistegelasest teatrist järgnevate lavastuste põhjal: Helen Rekkori lavastusest "Nora/Maja" Henrik Ibseni "Nukumaja" järgi Ugala teatris ja Elfriede Jelineki "Mis juhtus pärast seda, kui Nora oma mehe maha oli jätnud ehk Ühiskondade toed" Von Krahli Teatris, lavastaja Rainer Sarnet

  20. Tekstiilitööstus Mivar-Viva vahetas tegevjuhi välja / Toomas Värva ; interv. Hans Väre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Värva, Toomas, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Endine Mivar-Viva juhatuse esimees Aleksander Sepp lahkus omal soovil, uueks tegevjuhiks sai endine müügijuht Toomas Värva. Lisa: Mivar-Viva. Arvamust avaldab endine tegevjuht Aleksander Sepp. Vt. samas: Omanikud pole uue tehase mõtet maha matnud

  1. Greenpeace süüdistab Soome metsatööstust / Villu Zirnask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zirnask, Villu, 1966-

    2006-01-01

    Greenpeace'i teatel impordivad Soome metsafirmad, sh. osaliselt riigile kuuluv Stora Enso, Venemaalt illegaalselt maha võetud metsa. Greepeace'i väitel surub Soome EL-is läbi suunda, mis jätab puidu illegaalsuse kontrolli metsatöösturite endi hooleks

  2. Nora ehk elu võimalikkusest naisena perekonnas, teatris ja kapitalismis / Anneli Saro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saro, Anneli, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Naistegelasest teatrist järgnevate lavastuste põhjal: Helen Rekkori lavastusest "Nora/Maja" Henrik Ibseni "Nukumaja" järgi Ugala teatris ja Elfriede Jelineki "Mis juhtus pärast seda, kui Nora oma mehe maha oli jätnud ehk Ühiskondade toed" Von Krahli Teatris, lavastaja Rainer Sarnet

  3. Küünarnukk purustas 1,7 miljardit maksva maali / Aadu Hiietamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiietamm, Aadu, 1954-

    2006-01-01

    Kunstikoguja Steve Wynn lõhkus Las Vegases kogemata Picasso maali "La Reve" ("Unistus"), mille ta oli otsustanud maha müüa 139 miljoni dollari eest. Senine rekordhind - 135 miljonit dollarit - maksti Gustav Klimti portreemaali "Adele Bloch-Bauer I" eest

  4. Greeni jätsid preemiata Meri ja Isamaa ministrid / Argo Ideon, Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ideon, Argo, 1966-

    2001-01-01

    Suusaliidu eismees Riigikogu spiiker Toomas Savi ja kultuuriminister Signe Kivi keeldusid maha salgamast olümpialiikumise veterani Arnold Greeni teeneid. Vt. samas A. Ideon "Spordi elutöö preemia jääb tänavu välja andmata". A. Green saab valitsuse reservfondist 200 000 krooni, mis ei ole preemia ega toetus

  5. Nafta hind aitas Vene börsi rekordile / Virge Lahe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lahe, Virge

    2007-01-01

    Nafta hinna tõus on avaldanud Venemaa aktsiaturgudele positiivset mõju, tõstes aktsiahinna indeksi kõigi aegade kõrgeima tasemeni. Diagramm: RTS võttis eile rekordtaseme juures hoo maha. Tabel: Venemaa aktsiatehingute teenustasud Eesti maaklerfirmades

  6. Mürgised sojaoad : mmmm, kui halb! / Silvia Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotman, Silvia, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Sojaoa kasvatamisest Lõuna-Ameerikas ja Paraguays, kus on suures osas erastatud maad maha müüdud välismaistele suurkorporatsioonidele, mis kasutavad maad põllumajandustööstuseks. Pestitsiidide kasutamisest, mürgitamisjuhtudest ja kohtuotsusest, kus Paraguay ülemkohus mõistis süüdi Herman Schlenderi ja Alfredo Lautenschlageri

  7. Skoone bastion tekitas aukartust juba oma olemasoluga / Oliver Õunmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õunmaa, Oliver

    2011-01-01

    Arhitektuuriajaloolane Rein Zobel Skoone bastioni minevikust ja peagi teatriks muunduva endise muldkindlustuse kasutusviisidest läbi aegade. 1948. a. avati ühel bastioni osal Nõukogude armeele kuuluv Madruste Klubi lõbustuspark ja puidust Suveteatri hoone, mis põles 10. juunil 1997. a. maha

  8. Studing the types of organisational culture / Harry Roots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roots, Harry

    2003-01-01

    Roger Harrisoni organisatsioonikultuuri tüpoloogia tutvustus ja selle kasutamisest Eesti organisatsioonide uurimisel. Autori arvates jääb juhtimiskultuur ja -stiil Eesti organisatsioonides ning ettevõtetes jätkuvalt maha organisatsioonikultuuri üldisest arengust. Tabel. Graafik

  9. Naabrid ootavad Mugabelt taandumist / Triin Oppi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oppi, Triin

    2007-01-01

    Zimbabwe valitsusväed suruvad opositsiooni terroriga maha. Rahvusvaheline üldsus heidab president Robert Mugabe valitsusele ette inimõiguste rikkumist, riigi majanduskriisi tekitamist, korruptsiooni. Lõuna-Aafrika Arengu Ühendus arutab Zimbabwe presidendi käitumist. Kaart. Lisa: Robert Gabriel Mugabe

  10. Võidu monument / Marco Montanari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Montanari, Marco

    2007-01-01

    Itaallasest autori sõnul on pronkssõduri juhtum midagi niisugust, mida itaallased mõistavad. Ta kirjeldab, kuidas Lõuna-Tiroolis püstitatud Võidu monumendi tähtsus aastatega muutus, ning arvab, et ka Eesti inimesed peaksid pronkssõdurit ümbritsevad kired maha jahutama

  11. Tervis elujärge mõjutava tegurina = Health as the factor influencing the living niveau / Mari Kreitzberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreitzberg, Mari

    2006-01-01

    Viimaste aastate kiirest majanduskasvust hoolimata jääb Eesti rahvastiku terviseseisund uuringute põhjal maha enamikest Euroopa Liidu riikidest. Ülevaade, kuidas jagunesid Eesti leibkonnad 2005. aastal, lähtudes leibkonnaliikmete oma tervisele antud hinnangust võrreldes eakaaslastega, puudega või kroonilise haigusega ning kõrvalise abita mittetoimetulevate liikmete olemasolust leibkonnas. Diagrammid. Tabelid

  12. Kaliningrad on hädas sõdurisäilmetega

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Juba eelmise aasta aprillis väljakaevatud Teises maailmasõjas hukkunud 45 nõukogude sõduri säilmeid pole suudetud siiani maha matta. Lusikale graveeritud perekonnanime abil suudeti kindlaks teha mõne hukkunu isik

  13. Nas zastavjat platit na pamjatniki / Artur Kurvits, Aleksandr Tshaplõgin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kurvits, Artur

    2007-01-01

    Venemaa ärimeeste ähvardustest lõpetada naftatransiit läbi Eesti ja võimude sanktsioonidest Eestile, kui Tallinnas võetakse maha pronkssõdur. Vt. samas: Duma progrozila Estonii sanktsijami; Rossija gotova perezahoronit prahh voinov

  14. Development of Environmental Knowledge, Team Working Skills and Desirable Behaviors on Environmental Conservation of Matthayomsuksa 6 Students Using Good Science Thinking Moves Method with Metacognition Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladawan, Charinrat; Singseewo, Adisak; Suksringarm, Paitool

    2015-01-01

    The research aimed to investigate environmental knowledge, team working skills, and desirable behaviors of students learning through the good science thinking moves method with metacognition techniques. The sample group included Matthayomsuksa 6 students from Nadoon Prachasan School, Nadoon District, Maha Sarakham Province. The research tools were…

  15. Teisitiütleja Peter Handke / Jaan Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Jaan, 1958-

    2006-01-01

    Handke Slobodan Milo̧eviî matustel peetud kõne tõi kaasa Comédie-Franȧise'i boikoti: mängukavast võeti maha tema näidend, mille esietendus oli planeeritud jaanuaris 2007. Ka Handke võrdlus Thomas Bernhardi ja Elfriede Jelinekiga

  16. Maailm võitleb sooja kliima tekitatud kahjuga / Scheherazade Daneshkhu, Fiona Harvey ; tõlk. Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Daneshkhu, Scheherazade

    2006-01-01

    Kliimamuutuse majanduslik käsitlus on maha jäänud, kulu-tulu analüüsi kasutamine keskkonnakahju hindamisel on tekitanud probleeme, ÜRO on hakanud propageerima "looduslikku kapitali" keskkonnahüviste hindamiseks. Maailmapanga endise peaökonomisti Sir Gordon Browni juhtimisel valmib kliimamuutuse majandusmõjude ülevaade. Lisa: Emissioonikaubanduse raamistik; Korporatsioone sunnitakse tegudele

  17. Heiti Hääl ja Eerik-Niiles Kross taastavad Londoni börsihoone / Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2006-01-01

    1903. a. püstitatud laevandus- ja merebörsi Baltic Exchange Londonis asuvast peakorterist, mis peale 1992.a. toimunud pommirünnakut tükkideks lahti võeti ja nüüd Eesti ärimeestele maha müüdi. Hoone plaanitakse kokku panna Tallinnas või Riias

  18. Sharp bends associated with deep scours in a tropical river: The river Mahakam (East Kalimantan, Indonesia)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, B.; Hoitink, A.J.F.; Berkum, van S.W.; Hidayat, H.

    2014-01-01

    Autogenic scouring in sharp river bends has received ample attention in laboratory and modeling studies. These studies have significantly advanced our understanding of how flow processes are influenced by strong curvature and how they affect the bathymetry. Here we present a 300 km reach of the Maha

  19. Võrdne kohtlemine / Mati Heidmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heidmets, Mati

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli (TPÜ) rektori sõnul on valitsuse heakskiidetud riiklike investeeringute programmis (RIP) aastateks 2004-2007 kirjas valitsuse plaan rahastada TPÜ ja Eesti Humanitaarinstituudi uue õppehoone ehitust 82 miljoni krooni ulatuses, kuid sama valitsus on otsustanud selle RIP-ist maha tõmmata. Võrreldud Tallinna ja Tartu kõrgkoolidele eraldatud investeeringuid

  20. Mürgised sojaoad : mmmm, kui halb! / Silvia Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotman, Silvia, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Sojaoa kasvatamisest Lõuna-Ameerikas ja Paraguays, kus on suures osas erastatud maad maha müüdud välismaistele suurkorporatsioonidele, mis kasutavad maad põllumajandustööstuseks. Pestitsiidide kasutamisest, mürgitamisjuhtudest ja kohtuotsusest, kus Paraguay ülemkohus mõistis süüdi Herman Schlenderi ja Alfredo Lautenschlageri

  1. Spekulatsioon : Swedbank heidab Nordeaga ühte / Agnes Ojala

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojala, Agnes

    2008-01-01

    Rootsi majandusajaleht Dagens Industri kirjutas anonüümsele allikale viidates, et Swedbank võib teha uue aktsiaemissiooni või liituda Nordeaga, samuti on võimalik, et Swedbankist müüakse maha vaid osa. Pankade esindajate, Hansapanga asutaja Jüri Mõisa arvamusi. Lisa: Ühinemiseks ei pruugi luba tulla

  2. K. B. kuuleb salapäraseid hääli : [luuletused] / Marcelijus Martinaitis ; tõlk. Mihkel Loodus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martinaitis, Marcelijus

    2008-01-01

    Sisu: K. B. kuuleb salapäraseid hääli ; K. B.: prügikastide inglid ; K. B. reklaamib hambapastat Colgate ; K. B. mullatöödel välja tulnud säilmete kirjeldus ; K. B. kuuendast, olematust korrusest ; K. B. Üksindusest, mis jättis ta maha. Andmed autori kohta lk. 1211

  3. Aastaga kasumit 578 miljonit / Aivar Hundimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hundimägi, Aivar, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Rikaste edetabelis oleva ettevõtja Vladimir Vinogradovi edu tagamaad. Temaga seotud ettevõte Floberg Trans (Floberg Capital) ostis ära Ahtme vagunitehase omanikfirma ja otsustas pärast seda müüa maha ettevõtte renditud vagunid. Tehingu maht oli 1,2 mlrd krooni ja tulu teeniti kokku 604 miljonit krooni. Vladimir Vinogradovi osalusega firmad

  4. Maailm võitleb sooja kliima tekitatud kahjuga / Scheherazade Daneshkhu, Fiona Harvey ; tõlk. Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Daneshkhu, Scheherazade

    2006-01-01

    Kliimamuutuse majanduslik käsitlus on maha jäänud, kulu-tulu analüüsi kasutamine keskkonnakahju hindamisel on tekitanud probleeme, ÜRO on hakanud propageerima "looduslikku kapitali" keskkonnahüviste hindamiseks. Maailmapanga endise peaökonomisti Sir Gordon Browni juhtimisel valmib kliimamuutuse majandusmõjude ülevaade. Lisa: Emissioonikaubanduse raamistik; Korporatsioone sunnitakse tegudele

  5. Officials mull over excess food fines

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Euroopa komisjon on veendunud, et mitmed uued EL-i liikmesriigid on teadlikult ostnud varem kokku toiduaineid, eesmärgiga need hiljem kasumiga maha müüa. Läti saab üleliigsete laovarude eest trahvi üle 10 miljoni ja Eesti ligi 21 miljonit eurot

  6. Plagiaatorist Saksa minister andis alla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Saksamaa kaitseminister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg astus plagiaadiskandaali tõttu tagasi. Karl Theodor zu Guttenberg on veebilehe GutenPlag Wikia andmetel pea sõna-sõnalt ilma viitamata teistelt autoritelt maha kirjutanud viiendiku oma doktoritööst

  7. Handid taanduvad naftatööstuse ees / Ott Heinapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinapuu, Ott, 1979-

    2008-01-01

    Läänme-Siberi põliselanikud on sunnitud laienevate naftaväljade tõttu oma elupaigad maha jätma. Vt. samas: Venemaa presidendi põhjapõtrade sugu hakkab välja surema. Lisad: Handid; Salym Petroleum Development B. V.

  8. Uus vägivallalaine on võtnud Iraagis juba ligi 300 inimese elu / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Iraagi valitsuse ja shiiitliku Mahdi armee vaheline konflikt on kaasa toonud üle 300 inimese hukkumise. Mahdistide vaimne liider Muqtada al-Sadr on käskinud oma järgijatel sõjategevus lõpetada, kuid enamik neist ei nõustu relvi maha panema

  9. Tšetšeenia uus rahukava ei näe alistumist ette / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2006-01-01

    Eksiilis viibiv tšetšeenide välisminister Ahmed Zakajev saatis G8 tippkohtumisele läkituse, milles teatab, et läbirääkimised Venemaaga peavad algama eeltingimusteta. FSB ülem teatas, et tšetšeeni võitlejatel on aega 1. augustini, kui nad soovivad relvad maha panna ja amnestiat paluda

  10. Muusikauudiseid maailmast / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2016-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid maailmast: Suri Nikolaus Harnoncourt. Grammy selleks aastaks jagatud. Claudio Abbado pärand liigub Berliini. Piotr Anderszewski võtab aja maha. Polar Music Prize Cecilia Bartolile. Lahkus USA helilooja Steven Stucky. Händeli kantaadi seni tundmatu versioon

  11. Mentor - valus, kuid aus peegel / Teeli Remmelg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remmelg, Teeli

    2008-01-01

    Mentor Asko Talu näeb ennast kui juhi ausat peeglit ning väidab, et mentor ei saagi juhile otseselt midagi soovitada, vaid aitab pigem oma küsimustega teisel poolel ise vastusteni jõuda. Vt. samas: Mart Kallas. Mentor võtab hetkeemotsioonid maha

  12. Veneetsia pärgab sotsiaalkriitikuid / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    13. juunil avatud Veneetsia 51. kunstibiennaalist. Rahvuspaviljonidest, preemiasaajaid. Elutööpreemia sai Barbara Kruger, kuraatoripreemiad Rosa Martinez ja Maria de Corral. Eestit esindab Mark Raidpere, kuraator Hanno Soans. Kesk-Aasia paviljonist lisas "Tapetud vaikitakse maha". Usbeki, Kirgiisi ja Kasahstani kunstnike ühisnäituse kuraator on Viktor Misiano Moskvast

  13. Koer murdis haruldase naaritsa / Eva Klaas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Klaas, Eva, 1977-

    2011-01-01

    Järva-Jaani alevikus koera poolt maha murtud kärplasest, kes osutus euroopa naaritsaks. Euroopa naaritsa välja tõrjunud ameerika naaritsast ehk mingist. Selgitusi jagab Tallinna loomaaia teadussekretär ja euroopa naaritsa taasasustamise projekti juht Tiit Maran

  14. AirBaltic grows but profits elusive

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    AirBalticu vähemusomanik Baltijas Aviacijas Sistemas tegi Läti transpordiministeeriumile ettepaneku ettevõttele kuuluvad aktsiad 130 miljoni euroga maha müüa. Valitsuse võimalikest edaspidistest plaanidest airBalticuga. Suve alguses kohtus peaminister Valdis Dombrovskis Läti lennundusest huvitatud Ukraina investoritega

  15. Officials mull over excess food fines

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Euroopa komisjon on veendunud, et mitmed uued EL-i liikmesriigid on teadlikult ostnud varem kokku toiduaineid, eesmärgiga need hiljem kasumiga maha müüa. Läti saab üleliigsete laovarude eest trahvi üle 10 miljoni ja Eesti ligi 21 miljonit eurot

  16. Võidusamba tehnilist korrasolekut kinnitas kantsler Terrase allkiri / Urmas Jaagant

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaagant, Urmas

    2010-01-01

    15. juunil võttis Tšehhi firma Sans Souci Vabadussõja võidusamba nurgaliistud kinnituste kontrollimiseks maha. Koos Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli inseneridega otsustatakse, kas on vaja muuta kinnituste konstruktsiooni. Vabadussõja võidusamba ülevõtmisest firmalt Sans Souci 2009. a. 19. novembril

  17. Plagiaatorist Saksa minister andis alla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Saksamaa kaitseminister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg astus plagiaadiskandaali tõttu tagasi. Karl Theodor zu Guttenberg on veebilehe GutenPlag Wikia andmetel pea sõna-sõnalt ilma viitamata teistelt autoritelt maha kirjutanud viiendiku oma doktoritööst

  18. Kreeka äkkreferendum riputas kirve terve Euroopa kohale / Heiki Suurkask ; kommenteerinud Viljar Veebel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Kreeka valitsus paneb kärpekavad referendumile. Autori sõnul on nüüd Kreeka kriis juba kogu Euroopa kriis. 4. novembril toimub usladushääletus Kreeka valitsuse suhtes, opositsioon tahab peaminister Georgios Papandreoud maha võtta

  19. Tallinn Fashion Week täidab nädala kodumaise moega / Karilin Engelbrecht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Engelbrecht, Karilin

    2009-01-01

    Tallinn Fashion Week'i üritustest. Ülevaade eesti moekunstnike loomingu esitlustest. Näitus "Uus Eesti moejoonistus" Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis. Anu Hindi moefotonäitus "Aeg maha 3" Iida galeriis. Raamatu "Eesti moepiibel 2010" esitlus Rotermanni kvartali kohvikus Platz. Oksana Tanditi ja Filippo Caroti moefotonäitus "Butterflies" Tallinna botaanikaaias

  20. Leaders bow heads for synagogue tragedy

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    4. juulil 1941 põletasid natsid Riias maha sünagoogi, mille käigus võis hukkuda kuni 2000 juuti. 4. juuli mälestustseremoonial osales hulk tipp-poliitikuid ja väliskülalisi, kellele Iisraeli suursaadik Gary Koren pani südamele propageerida antisemitismi null-tolerantsi Lätis

  1. Veneetsia pärgab sotsiaalkriitikuid / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    13. juunil avatud Veneetsia 51. kunstibiennaalist. Rahvuspaviljonidest, preemiasaajaid. Elutööpreemia sai Barbara Kruger, kuraatoripreemiad Rosa Martinez ja Maria de Corral. Eestit esindab Mark Raidpere, kuraator Hanno Soans. Kesk-Aasia paviljonist lisas "Tapetud vaikitakse maha". Usbeki, Kirgiisi ja Kasahstani kunstnike ühisnäituse kuraator on Viktor Misiano Moskvast

  2. Küünarnukk purustas 1,7 miljardit maksva maali / Aadu Hiietamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiietamm, Aadu, 1954-

    2006-01-01

    Kunstikoguja Steve Wynn lõhkus Las Vegases kogemata Picasso maali "La Reve" ("Unistus"), mille ta oli otsustanud maha müüa 139 miljoni dollari eest. Senine rekordhind - 135 miljonit dollarit - maksti Gustav Klimti portreemaali "Adele Bloch-Bauer I" eest

  3. Studing the types of organisational culture / Harry Roots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roots, Harry

    2003-01-01

    Roger Harrisoni organisatsioonikultuuri tüpoloogia tutvustus ja selle kasutamisest Eesti organisatsioonide uurimisel. Autori arvates jääb juhtimiskultuur ja -stiil Eesti organisatsioonides ning ettevõtetes jätkuvalt maha organisatsioonikultuuri üldisest arengust. Tabel. Graafik

  4. Parandada püksipõlve augu väljalõikamise teel / Jaak Tomberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomberg, Jaak, 1980-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Saar, Anti. Kuidas sa ära läksid ja mina maha jäin : [jutud]. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2006 ; Saar, Anti. Nemad kaks : [lühiromaan]. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2008 ; Tekste siledast ruumist : [jutud]. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2009

  5. Comparative Morphological Analysis of the Immature Stages of the Grass Blue Butterflies Zizeeria and Zizina (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurung, Raj D; Iwata, Masaki; Hiyama, Atsuki; Taira, Wataru; Degnan, Bernard; Degnan, Sandie; Otaki, Joji M

    2016-08-01

    The pale grass blue butterfly has been used to assess the biological effects of the Fukushima nuclear accident. Zizeeria and Zizina are two closely related genera of grass blue butterflies that are widely distributed in tropical to temperate Asia, Australia, and Africa, making them suitable environmental indicators for these areas. However, the morphological features of the immature stages have been examined only in fragmentary fashion. Here, we reared Zizeeria maha argia, Zizeeria maha okinawana, Zizeeria karsandra karsandra, Zizina emelina emelina, Zizina otis labradus, and Zizina otis riukuensis using a standard rearing method that was developed for Zizeeria maha, and comparatively identified morphological traits to effectively classify the immature stages of species or subspecies. Morphological information on these and other subspecies including Zizeeria knysna knysna and Zizina otis antanossa from Africa was also collected from literature. The subspecies were all reared successfully. The subspecies all had dorsal nectary and tentacle organs with similar morphology. For the subspecies of Zizeeria maha, only minor morphological differences were noted. Similarly, the subspecies of Zizina otis shared many traits. Most importantly, Zizeeria and Zizina differed in the shape of the sensory hairs that accompany the dorsal nectary organ; Zizeeriahad pointed hairs, and Zizina had blunt or rounded hairs. However, Zizina emelina exhibited several intermediate features between these two genera. Overall, the morphological traits did not completely reflect the conventional systematic relationships. This comparative study describes the efficient rearing of the grass blue butterflies and provides a morphological basis for the use of these species as environmental indicators.

  6. Tallinn Fashion Week täidab nädala kodumaise moega / Karilin Engelbrecht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Engelbrecht, Karilin

    2009-01-01

    Tallinn Fashion Week'i üritustest. Ülevaade eesti moekunstnike loomingu esitlustest. Näitus "Uus Eesti moejoonistus" Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis. Anu Hindi moefotonäitus "Aeg maha 3" Iida galeriis. Raamatu "Eesti moepiibel 2010" esitlus Rotermanni kvartali kohvikus Platz. Oksana Tanditi ja Filippo Caroti moefotonäitus "Butterflies" Tallinna botaanikaaias

  7. Tervis elujärge mõjutava tegurina = Health as the factor influencing the living niveau / Mari Kreitzberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreitzberg, Mari

    2006-01-01

    Viimaste aastate kiirest majanduskasvust hoolimata jääb Eesti rahvastiku terviseseisund uuringute põhjal maha enamikest Euroopa Liidu riikidest. Ülevaade, kuidas jagunesid Eesti leibkonnad 2005. aastal, lähtudes leibkonnaliikmete oma tervisele antud hinnangust võrreldes eakaaslastega, puudega või kroonilise haigusega ning kõrvalise abita mittetoimetulevate liikmete olemasolust leibkonnas. Diagrammid. Tabelid

  8. Urmas Sõõrumaa müüb oma osaluse Vene turvaettevõtetes / Lauri Linnamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnamäe, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    Suurärimees Urmas Sõõrumaa müüb maha oma osaluse Venemaa turvafirmades Alfa Nord ja A-N Holding, et ennetada ettevõtete vastu suunatud sanktsioone. Rünnakute alla on langenud ka soomlastega seotud kaubaterminal Container Finance. Lisa: Oht majanduskasvule

  9. Pank, mille eesmärk on kaardilt kaduda. Võimalus stabiliseerida rahasüsteemi / Katri Soe-Surén

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soe-Surén, Katri

    2011-01-01

    Saksamaal 2009. a. loodud esimesest nn. halvast pangast Erste Abwicklungsanstalt, mis sai ülesandeks üle võtta ja võimalikult optimaalsetel tingimustel maha müüa WestLB panga hapuks läinud laenuportfell

  10. Eesti viimane kolhoos pelgab tulevikku / Anne Oja ; kommenteerinud Vallo Visnapuu, Argo Mättas, Mart Vaiksaar ... [jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Anne, 1970-

    2011-01-01

    Vändra katsesovhoosi jagunemisel loodud OÜ Selja nõukogu ja juhatus on otsustanud firma maha müüa, kuigi enamik ettevõtte 197-st eraisikust osanikust on selle vastu. Võimalikud ostjad on Trigon Farming AS või Jõgeva Põllumajandustootjate Liit (JPL)

  11. Marks & Spencer loob ELis maksupretsedenti / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 13. apr. lk. 6. Briti rõivakett Marks & Spencer kaebas, et Briti maksuseadused, mis ei lubanud emafirma Suurbritannias maksustavast tulust maha kanda Saksamaal, Prantsusmaal ja Belgias asunud tütarfirmade suuri kahjumeid üheksakümnendate aastate lõpus, on vastuolus EL-i ühisturu seadustega

  12. Environmental Education Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bootrach, Pradit; Thiengkamol, Nongnapas; Thiengkamol, Tanarat Khoowaranyoo

    2015-01-01

    Data was collected from 403 primary school administrators in Maha Sarakham Province, Thailand, to develop causal relationship model of Administrator Characteristics (AC), Teacher Characteristics (TC) and Environmental Education Principle (EE) that affect Environmental Education Strategy (EES) through Inspiration of Public Mind for Environmental…

  13. UT küsib / Katri Raik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raik, Katri, 1967-

    2007-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli Narva Kolledži direktori ja haridusteaduskonna dekaani vastustest küsimustele: Miks otsustasite minna tööle Haridus- ja Teadusministeeriumi asekantsleriks? Mis seisus jäävad Teist maha Narva Kolledž ja haridusteaduskond?

  14. Üksiku Rüütli fenomen / Mart Raudsaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsaar, Mart, 1973-

    2016-01-01

    Kiirteede rajamisega seoses kaovad juurdepääsud teeäärsete objektide ja asutuste juurde. Kurna mõisa aida müüridesse rajatud Üksiku Rüütli söögikoht sulges uksed, kuna selle juurde ei viinud kiirteelt ühtegi mahasõitu

  15. Võidusamba tehnilist korrasolekut kinnitas kantsler Terrase allkiri / Urmas Jaagant

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaagant, Urmas

    2010-01-01

    15. juunil võttis Tšehhi firma Sans Souci Vabadussõja võidusamba nurgaliistud kinnituste kontrollimiseks maha. Koos Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli inseneridega otsustatakse, kas on vaja muuta kinnituste konstruktsiooni. Vabadussõja võidusamba ülevõtmisest firmalt Sans Souci 2009. a. 19. novembril

  16. Ema veab võitlust Tallinna TV vastu / Pekka Erelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erelt, Pekka, 1965-

    2011-01-01

    Kerstin Raidma algatas kampaania "Maha Tallinna TV - raha lasteaedadele". Tema koostatud petitsioonile on alla kirjutanud ligi 4500 inimest, liikumisest on välja kasvanud MTÜ Kodaniku Hääl. K. Raidma eestvedamisel esitati Tallinna linnavolikogule eelnõu, milles nõutakse lasteaedadele rohkem raha

  17. Keila-Joa loss presidendi uueks residentsiks?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Riigi Kinnisvara AS võttis presidendi kantselei palvel müügist maha Keila-Joa lossikompleksi. Lossist võib tulevikus kujuneda riigipea residents. Ilmunud ka: Eesti Elu 15. juuni 2007, lk. 17, pealk.: Keila-Joale presidendi uus residents?; Eesti Hääl 10. aug. 2007, lk. 1, pealk.: Keila-Joale tuleb presidendi uus residents

  18. Eesti värsitoodang aastal 1932 / Ants Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oras, Ants, 1900-1982

    2009-01-01

    Pikemalt käsitletakse järgnevaid autoreid ja nende teoseid: Jaan Kärner "Inimene ristteel", Henrik Visnapuu "Päike ja jõgi", Johannes Barbarus "E.V.-r", Johannes Schütz "Maha rahu!", Vilmar Adams "Maise matka poolel teel"

  19. Muusikauudiseid maailmast / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2016-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid maailmast: Suri Nikolaus Harnoncourt. Grammy selleks aastaks jagatud. Claudio Abbado pärand liigub Berliini. Piotr Anderszewski võtab aja maha. Polar Music Prize Cecilia Bartolile. Lahkus USA helilooja Steven Stucky. Händeli kantaadi seni tundmatu versioon

  20. K. B. kuuleb salapäraseid hääli : [luuletused] / Marcelijus Martinaitis ; tõlk. Mihkel Loodus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martinaitis, Marcelijus

    2008-01-01

    Sisu: K. B. kuuleb salapäraseid hääli ; K. B.: prügikastide inglid ; K. B. reklaamib hambapastat Colgate ; K. B. mullatöödel välja tulnud säilmete kirjeldus ; K. B. kuuendast, olematust korrusest ; K. B. Üksindusest, mis jättis ta maha. Andmed autori kohta lk. 1211

  1. AirBaltic grows but profits elusive

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    AirBalticu vähemusomanik Baltijas Aviacijas Sistemas tegi Läti transpordiministeeriumile ettepaneku ettevõttele kuuluvad aktsiad 130 miljoni euroga maha müüa. Valitsuse võimalikest edaspidistest plaanidest airBalticuga. Suve alguses kohtus peaminister Valdis Dombrovskis Läti lennundusest huvitatud Ukraina investoritega

  2. Parandada püksipõlve augu väljalõikamise teel / Jaak Tomberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomberg, Jaak, 1980-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Saar, Anti. Kuidas sa ära läksid ja mina maha jäin : [jutud]. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2006 ; Saar, Anti. Nemad kaks : [lühiromaan]. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2008 ; Tekste siledast ruumist : [jutud]. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2009

  3. Myelodysplastic Syndrome Clinically Presenting with the “Classic TTP Pentad”

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polanco Jácome, Evelyn Carolina; Guevara, Elizabeth; Mattoo, Vijay

    2017-01-01

    The clinical presentation of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is not specific. Many patients can be asymptomatic and can be detected only due to an abnormal complete blood cell count (CBC) on routine exam or for other reasons while others can be symptomatic as a consequence of underlying cytopenias. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) usually is suspected under the evidence of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) and thrombocytopenia and because it is a life-threatening condition (medical emergency) immediate initiation of plasmapheresis could be life-saving. The following case illustrates an unusual presentation of MDS in a patient who came in to the emergency room with the classic TTP “pentad” of fever, renal involvement, MAHA, mental status changes, and thrombocytopenia. We will focus our discussion in the clinical presentation of this case. PMID:28255478

  4. A rare case of concurrent signet-ring carcinoma of breast and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia†

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lara, Kelly; Bae, Esther; Park, Hanna; Hussain, Farabi

    2016-01-01

    Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) can be an uncommon presentation of an underlying malignancy, most often due to signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC). Additionally, pure SRCC in a breast primary-tumor comprises <2% of all breast cancers (Shin SY, Park H, Chae SW, Woo HY. Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia as the first manifestation of metastatic signet-ring cell carcinoma of unknown origin: a case report and review of literature. Kor J Lab Med 2011;31:157–61). To the best of our knowledge, the combination of these two entities, pure breast primary SRCC along with MAHA, has not been reported. Here, we present such a rare case. We also evaluate the current literature regarding this and similar disease processes, of which evidence is scarce and further research is needed. PMID:27587305

  5. A new representative of star-shaped fungi: Astraeus sirindhorniae sp. nov. from Thailand.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cherdchai Phosri

    Full Text Available Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary (PKWS is a major hotspot of biological diversity in Thailand but its fungal diversity has not been thouroughly explored. A two-year macrofungal study of this remote locality has resulted in the recognition of a new species of a star-shaped gasteroid fungus in the genus Astraeus. This fungus has been identified based on a morphological approach and the molecular study of five loci (LSU nrDNA, 5.8S nrDNA, RPB1, RPB2 and EF1-a. Multigene phylogenetic analysis of this new species places it basal relative to other Astraeus, providing additional evidence for the SE Asian origin of the genus. The fungus is named in honour of Her Majesty Princess Sirindhorn on the occasion the 84th birthday of her father, who have both been supportive of natural heritage studies in Thailand.

  6. Eesti gaasiküsimustes : õnnis nagu palderjani nuusutanud kass / Virkko Lepassalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepassalu, Virkko, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Kehtiva Euroopa Liidu nn gaasidirektiivi 55/2003 järgi soovitatakse gaasi tootmine ja levitamine viia eraldi ettevõtete kätte, praegu ettevalmistatav regulatsioon muudaks selle kohustuslikuks. Seega peaks Gazprom oma 37% -lise osaluse Eesti Gaasis maha müüma. Eesti Gaasi kui sisulise monopolisti hoidmine Gazpromi filiaalina Eestis ohustab otseselt meie julgeolekut. Vt. samas: Välisminister Urmas Paeti kiri Nord Streamile; Nord Streami kaanepoisid

  7. Eesti gaasiküsimustes : õnnis nagu palderjani nuusutanud kass / Virkko Lepassalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepassalu, Virkko, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Kehtiva Euroopa Liidu nn gaasidirektiivi 55/2003 järgi soovitatakse gaasi tootmine ja levitamine viia eraldi ettevõtete kätte, praegu ettevalmistatav regulatsioon muudaks selle kohustuslikuks. Seega peaks Gazprom oma 37% -lise osaluse Eesti Gaasis maha müüma. Eesti Gaasi kui sisulise monopolisti hoidmine Gazpromi filiaalina Eestis ohustab otseselt meie julgeolekut. Vt. samas: Välisminister Urmas Paeti kiri Nord Streamile; Nord Streami kaanepoisid

  8. Maksu- ja Tolliamet kiusab eluasemelaenude võtjaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Maksumaksjate Liidu (EML) pressiteade ja Maksu- ja Tolliameti (MTA) maksude osakonna juhataja Aule Kindsigo vastus sellele teemal, kas füüsilisel isikul on õigus oma tulust maha arvata endale eluaseme soetamiseks võetud laenu või liisingu intressid. Lisatud EML juhatuse esimehe Lasse Lehise kommentaar ja väljavõte MTA kodulehel olevast juhendist "Eluasemelaenu intressid". Anne Oja. Maksuamet puistab laenuvõtjaid

  9. Akadeemiline füüsikaolümpiaad / Jaak Kikas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kikas, Jaak

    2006-01-01

    20. aprillil toimus akadeemiline füüsikaolümpiaad. Võitjaks tuli 3. a. füüsikatudeng Mihkel Kree, kellest jäi napilt maha esmakursuslane Siim Ainsaar. Kolmandale kohale tuli 3. a. matemaatikatudeng Oleg Košik. Žürii premeeris ka 1. a. füüsikatudengeid 4. koha saavutanud Mihkel Pajusalu ja 5. kohale tulnud Martin Lindu

  10. Retreat - ehk kuidas äri- ja eraelu tasakaalu sättida / Anne-Liis Arulo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arulo, Anne-Liis

    2004-01-01

    Retreat tähendab rühmatööd, kus võetakse aeg maha ja taandutakse argipäevast, et keskenduda iseenda tegevuse ja väliste protsesside analüüsiks, mõtete korrastamiseks ning väärtuste ja eesmärkide üle mõtlemiseks. Kommenteerivad Hardi Nigulas ja Arne Kaasik

  11. Near East/South Asia Report No. 2798. Arab Tribes in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    205, Al-Matadiqah 146 207, 311 Al-Mata’ibah 189 Mukhlif 148 Mat’an 146 Al-Madaj inah 146 Al-Mathnah 198 Al-Madarin 149 Al-Majarish 210 Al...Al-Maj ishah 198 Al-Marakhin 190 Al-Mahas inah 146 Al-Maradisah 146 Al-Mahalisah 202 Al-Maraziq 139, 210 Al-Mahalibah 192 Al-Marashid 205 Al

  12. Tallinna linnaelu kajastumine raehärra Hans Rotgersi märkmetes / Tiina Kala

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kala, Tiina

    2008-01-01

    Hans Rotgersi aktiivne tegutsemisperiood hõlmab 15. sajandi viimase ja 16. saj. esimese veerandi. Kõige ulatuslikuma kirjaliku pärandi on ta endast maha jätnud Niguliste kiriku eestseisjana. Niguliste kiriku olulistest daatumitest. Maksujõuliste tallinlaste surma kajastumisest Rotgersi ülestähendustes. Rotgersi käsikirjas säilinud astroloogiliste ja meditsiiniliste soovituste kogust. Hans Rotgersi testamendist.

  13. Swedbank ei kavatse Hansapanka müüa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Maailma ühe suurima panga Citigroup analüütikute raporti järgi oleks Swedbanki panga väärtus palju suurem, kui panga mõned osad maha müüa. Hansapanga juhatuse esimehe Erkki Raasukese sõnul pole Swedbanki juhid rääkinud Hansapanga müügist, mis tähendaks panga strateegia muutmist

  14. Periodontal health and diabetes awareness among Saudi diabetes patients

    OpenAIRE

    Bahammam MA

    2015-01-01

    Maha A BahammamDepartment of Periodontology, King Abdulaziz University Faculty of Dentistry, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaPurpose: This study aimed to examine diabetic patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, regarding their general diabetic and oral health-related awareness and practices, their awareness of the association of diabetes with periodontal disease, and their sources of diabetes-related information.Methods: Diabetic patients (n=454) who were receiving care at...

  15. Saudi dental students’ opinions on the qualities and attributes of an effective dental teacher

    OpenAIRE

    Al-Jobair AM; AlSarheed MA

    2016-01-01

    Asma M Al-Jobair, Maha A AlSarheed Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Objective: To evaluate Saudi dental students’ opinions on the qualities and attributes of an effective dental teacher.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March and May 2014 at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to all students enrolled in th...

  16. Elevandiluuranniku uurijad said Probo Koala logiraamatu koopia / Kadri Ibrus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrus, Kadri

    2006-01-01

    Elevandiluuranniku uurijate eesmärk on välja selgitada, kes kohalikest võimuesindajatest andis loa mürgised jäätmed Abidjani linnas maha valada. Eestis viibinud Elevandiluuranniku delegatsioon sai tanker Probo Koala logiraamatu koopia. Vt. samas intervjuud Elevandiluuranniku peaprokuröri Raymond Fehou Tchimou'ga; Abidjanis elatakse mürkide hirmu all. Lisa: Trafigura tahab jäätmed Lätti saata

  17. Rain Tamm : börsid käituvad nagu kasiinod / Rain Tamm ; interv. Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Rain

    2008-01-01

    Gild Bankersi juht vastab küsimustele, mil viisil investeerib ta oma klientide raha, kuidas ta on käitunud oma isikliku rahaga, mida arvatakse meist lähisturgudel; kui tõenäoseks peab ta stsenaariumi, et Eesti majandus langeb neli aastat järjest; kas pangad võiksid sundida ettevõtteid ennast maha müüma

  18. Perefirmade omanikud teevad aina sagedamini pärusvara rahaks / Francesco Guerrera ; tõlk. Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Guerrera, Francesco

    2007-01-01

    Hiljuti on USA-s toimunud mitu börsil noteeritud perefirmade ülevõtmistehingut. Perefirmade müümise ajenditest. Uuringu andmeil jäävad pärast asutajate lahkumist või surma perefirmade tulemused teistest ettevõtetest maha. Tabelid: USA jaemüügikett troonib pereosalusega firmade edetabelis; Hiltonid teenivad perefirma müügist 26 miljardit

  19. Swedbank ei kavatse Hansapanka müüa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Maailma ühe suurima panga Citigroup analüütikute raporti järgi oleks Swedbanki panga väärtus palju suurem, kui panga mõned osad maha müüa. Hansapanga juhatuse esimehe Erkki Raasukese sõnul pole Swedbanki juhid rääkinud Hansapanga müügist, mis tähendaks panga strateegia muutmist

  20. 20. X avati arhitektuuri- ja disainigaleriis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Väljapanek "Vaateaken Eesti ekspositsioonile Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalil". Eestit esindab 9. Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalil Eesti Arhitektide Liidu projekt "Aeg-maha-arhitektuur", idee autor Kristjan Holm, kaasautorid Liina Jänes ja Pille Epner. Kabli rannast Veneetsiasse teisaldatud puust hobusekujulise välikäimla on loonud Agu Külm ja Jukka-Pekka Jalovaara. Ku-Ku klubis esilinastus Marianne Kõrveri, Rain Tolgi ja Andres Maimiku dokumentaalfilm "Surm Veneetsias"

  1. Perefirmade omanikud teevad aina sagedamini pärusvara rahaks / Francesco Guerrera ; tõlk. Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Guerrera, Francesco

    2007-01-01

    Hiljuti on USA-s toimunud mitu börsil noteeritud perefirmade ülevõtmistehingut. Perefirmade müümise ajenditest. Uuringu andmeil jäävad pärast asutajate lahkumist või surma perefirmade tulemused teistest ettevõtetest maha. Tabelid: USA jaemüügikett troonib pereosalusega firmade edetabelis; Hiltonid teenivad perefirma müügist 26 miljardit

  2. Pärnits kummutab jutud Ülemiste City müügist / Jaana Pikalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikalev, Jaana

    2010-01-01

    AS Mainor omanikeringi kuuluv Ülo Pärnits kummutab jutud, nagu sooviks firma Ülemiste City maha müüa. Uus Maa Kinnisvaragrupp OÜ tegevjuhi Jaanus Lauguse väitel on pool Ülemiste Cityst välja arendamata, tema hinnangul on mõistlik Ülemiste City riskide maandamiseks müüa mõnele pikaajalisele investorile

  3. Pärnits kummutab jutud Ülemiste City müügist / Jaana Pikalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikalev, Jaana

    2010-01-01

    AS Mainor omanikeringi kuuluv Ülo Pärnits kummutab jutud, nagu sooviks firma Ülemiste City maha müüa. Uus Maa Kinnisvaragrupp OÜ tegevjuhi Jaanus Lauguse väitel on pool Ülemiste Cityst välja arendamata, tema hinnangul on mõistlik Ülemiste City riskide maandamiseks müüa mõnele pikaajalisele investorile

  4. Ingestion of radioactively contaminated diets for two generations in the pale grass blue butterfly

    OpenAIRE

    Nohara, Chiyo; Taira, Wataru; Hiyama, Atsuki; Tanahara, Akira; Takatsuji, Toshihiro; Otaki, Joji M.

    2014-01-01

    Background: The release of radioactive materials due to the Fukushima nuclear accident has raised concern regarding the biological impacts of ingesting radioactively contaminated diets on organisms. We previously performed an internal exposure experiment in which contaminated leaves collected from polluted areas were fed to larvae of the pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha, from Okinawa, which is one of the least polluted localities in Japan. Using the same experimental system, in the pr...

  5. Moesõber, sel nädalal riisu koor Eesti rõivakunstilt! / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    3. Tallinna moenädala üritustest. Tallinn Fashion Week'i korraldab Eesti Moedisaini Liit. Näitus "Uus Eesti moejoonistus" Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis. Filippo Caroti ja Oksana Tanditi moefotonäitus Tallinnas Galeriis M. Meesteehete väljapanek ja Anu Hindi moefotonäitus "Aeg maha 3" Iida galeriis. "Eesti moepiibel 2010" esitlus. Rahvusvaheline seminar Veerenni 24. Ülevaade eesti moekunstnike loomingu esitlustest

  6. Uute sõidukite jaemüüjate TOP

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Automüüjate TOP 35. Vt. samas: Signe Sillasoo. Järelturg kukkus 15%; Signe Sillasoo intervjuu Scania Eesti AS-i tegevjuhi Janno Karuga; Tiit Lillipuu. Müüjad üritavad lattu seisma jäänud sõidukeid kiirelt maha müüa; Lars Fredrik Johannes Kjellgren. Tarbesõidukite turul toimub kainenemine; Kadrin Karner. United Motors: meie import kasvab; ABC Motors: meil läheb hästi

  7. Moesõber, sel nädalal riisu koor Eesti rõivakunstilt! / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    3. Tallinna moenädala üritustest. Tallinn Fashion Week'i korraldab Eesti Moedisaini Liit. Näitus "Uus Eesti moejoonistus" Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis. Filippo Caroti ja Oksana Tanditi moefotonäitus Tallinnas Galeriis M. Meesteehete väljapanek ja Anu Hindi moefotonäitus "Aeg maha 3" Iida galeriis. "Eesti moepiibel 2010" esitlus. Rahvusvaheline seminar Veerenni 24. Ülevaade eesti moekunstnike loomingu esitlustest

  8. The biological impacts of the Fukushima nuclear accident on the pale grass blue butterfly

    OpenAIRE

    Hiyama, Atsuki; Nohara, Chiyo; Kinjo, Seira; Taira, Wataru; Gima, Shinichi; Tanahara, Akira; Otaki, Joji M

    2012-01-01

    The collapse of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant caused a massive release of radioactive materials to the environment. A prompt and reliable system for evaluating the biological impacts of this accident on animals has not been available. Here we show that the accident caused physiological and genetic damage to the pale grass blue Zizeeria maha, a common lycaenid butterfly in Japan. We collected the first-voltine adults in the Fukushima area in May 2011, some of which showed relative...

  9. Maksu- ja Tolliamet kiusab eluasemelaenude võtjaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Maksumaksjate Liidu (EML) pressiteade ja Maksu- ja Tolliameti (MTA) maksude osakonna juhataja Aule Kindsigo vastus sellele teemal, kas füüsilisel isikul on õigus oma tulust maha arvata endale eluaseme soetamiseks võetud laenu või liisingu intressid. Lisatud EML juhatuse esimehe Lasse Lehise kommentaar ja väljavõte MTA kodulehel olevast juhendist "Eluasemelaenu intressid". Anne Oja. Maksuamet puistab laenuvõtjaid

  10. Elevandiluuranniku uurijad said Probo Koala logiraamatu koopia / Kadri Ibrus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrus, Kadri

    2006-01-01

    Elevandiluuranniku uurijate eesmärk on välja selgitada, kes kohalikest võimuesindajatest andis loa mürgised jäätmed Abidjani linnas maha valada. Eestis viibinud Elevandiluuranniku delegatsioon sai tanker Probo Koala logiraamatu koopia. Vt. samas intervjuud Elevandiluuranniku peaprokuröri Raymond Fehou Tchimou'ga; Abidjanis elatakse mürkide hirmu all. Lisa: Trafigura tahab jäätmed Lätti saata

  11. Uute sõidukite jaemüüjate TOP

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Automüüjate TOP 35. Vt. samas: Signe Sillasoo. Järelturg kukkus 15%; Signe Sillasoo intervjuu Scania Eesti AS-i tegevjuhi Janno Karuga; Tiit Lillipuu. Müüjad üritavad lattu seisma jäänud sõidukeid kiirelt maha müüa; Lars Fredrik Johannes Kjellgren. Tarbesõidukite turul toimub kainenemine; Kadrin Karner. United Motors: meie import kasvab; ABC Motors: meil läheb hästi

  12. Retreat - ehk kuidas äri- ja eraelu tasakaalu sättida / Anne-Liis Arulo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arulo, Anne-Liis

    2004-01-01

    Retreat tähendab rühmatööd, kus võetakse aeg maha ja taandutakse argipäevast, et keskenduda iseenda tegevuse ja väliste protsesside analüüsiks, mõtete korrastamiseks ning väärtuste ja eesmärkide üle mõtlemiseks. Kommenteerivad Hardi Nigulas ja Arne Kaasik

  13. Investigation of Ionospheric Disturbances Using Radio and Optical Observations in South-East Asia -- The Initial Results of the ASI and FPI Observations in Chiang Mai, Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubota, M.; Nagatsuma, T.; Otsuka, Y.; Shiokawa, K.; Komonjinda, S.; Komolmis, T.; Somboon, E.; Tsugawa, T.; Maruyama, T.; Murata, K. T.

    2010-12-01

    For the purpose of monitoring and forecasting equatorial ionospheric disturbances, SEALION (SouthEast Asia Low-latitude IOnospheric Network) has been developed since 2003 as a cooperation project by National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT), King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang (KMITL) in Thailand, Chiang Mai University (CMU) in Thailand, National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN) in Indonesia, Hanoi Institute of Geophysics (HIG), Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology in Vietnam, Center for Space Science and Applied Research (CSSAR), Chinese Academy of Sciences in China, Kyoto University in Japan, and Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory (STEL), Nagoya University in Japan. SEALION consists of five ionosondes, four GPS receivers, two GPS scintillation monitors, and a magnetometer. As a part of this project, we newly installed an all-sky imager (ASI) and a Fabry-Perot Interferometer (FPI) at Sirindhorn observatory in Chiang Mai (18.8N, 98.9E, Dip lat. 13.1), Thailand. This site is located near conjugate to EAR site in Kototabang, Indonesia. One of main targets of the ASI observation is the large-scale wave structure (LSWS) with wavelengths of 100-1000 km. The LSWS is thought to be connected to the generation mechanism of equatorial plasma bubbles (EPB). The optical observations in Chiang Mai started in February 2010, and we have detected several ionospheric disturbance events with these instruments In this paper, we will show the initial results of the optical observations from Sirindhorn observatory, and discuss the features of ionospheric disturbances in Southeast Asia.

  14. Speech Correction for Children with Cleft Lip and Palate by Networking of Community-Based Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanchanlert, Yotsak; Pramakhatay, Worawat; Pradubwong, Suteera; Prathanee, Benjamas

    2015-08-01

    Prevalence of cleft lip and palate (CLP) is high in Northeast Thailand. Most children with CLP face many problems, particularly compensatory articulation disorders (CAD) beyond surgery while speech services and the number of speech and language pathologists (SLPs) are limited. To determine the effectiveness of networking of Khon Kaen University (KKU) Community-Based Speech Therapy Model: Kosumphisai Hospital, Kosumphisai District and Maha Sarakham Hospital, Mueang District, Maha Sarakham Province for reduction of the number of articulations errors for children with CLP. Eleven children with CLP were recruited in 3 1-year projects of KKU Community-Based Speech Therapy Model. Articulation tests were formally assessed by qualified language pathologists (SLPs) for baseline and post treatment outcomes. Teachings on services for speech assistants (SAs) were conducted by SLPs. Assigned speech correction (SC) was performed by SAs at home and at local hospitals. Caregivers also gave SC at home 3-4 days a week. Networking of Community-Based Speech Therapy Model signficantly reduced the number of articulation errors for children with CLP in both word and sentence levels (mean difference = 6.91, 95% confidence interval = 4.15-9.67; mean difference = 5.36, 95% confidence interval = 2.99-7.73, respectively). Networking by Kosumphisai and Maha Sarakham of KKU Community-Based Speech Therapy Model was a valid and efficient method for providing speech services for children with cleft palate and could be extended to any area in Thailand and other developing countries, where have similar contexts.

  15. Arhitektuuriaasta 2004 = The year in architecture 2004 / Epp Lankots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Arhitektuuriauhindade nominentidest ja premeeritutest. Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia sai Toomas Rank Rägavere mõisa renoveerimise eest. Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali renoveerimispreemia - Mari Kurismaa, Eesti Draamateatri interjööride renoveerimine; objektipreemia - Martin Aunin, Ülemiste hotell; interjööripreemia - Jan Joonas Graps, Ken-Kristjan Ruut, "Jungenti" büroo; arhitektuurse tegevuse preemia - Kristjan Holm, Liina Jänes, Agu Külm, Jukka-Pekka Jalovaara, Pille Epner, Madis Jürgen, Tõnu Kaalep, Ingmar Muusikus, Eesti ekspositsioon "Aeg-maha-arhitektuur" Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalil

  16. Vike-Freiberga on sunnitud kleite müüma / Harry Tuul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuul, Harry

    2007-01-01

    Läti endine president Vaira Vike-Freiberga kavatseb oma esindusriided eBays maha müüa. Koos abikaasa Imants Freibergsiga asutati konsultatsioonifirma VVF Consulting, mis annab nõu diplomaatia, poliitika ja läbirääkimiste kunstis. Ekspresidendi tulevikuplaanidest. Vaira Vike-Freiberga kohta avaldavad arvamust Eesti suursaadik Riias 2002-2006 Toomas Lukk ja president Toomas Hendrik Ilves. T.H. Ilvese sõnul on Vaira Vike-Freiberga Läti patrioot, kes oli ühtlasi rahvusvahelises rindes kõigi kolme Balti riigi eestkõneleja

  17. "Ostanovimsja na mig v tishine..." : [luuletused] / Ene Mihkelson ; lühibiograafia: T. L. [Toomas Liiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Ene, 1944-

    1999-01-01

    Sisu: "Ostanovimsja na mig v tishine..." / tlk. V. Fadin ; Rekviem / tlk. Marju Lauristin ; "Dom eto tolko godõ..." ; "Dvoje bezumtsev mezh nimi treti..." ; "Eva v Tapa zhivjot / tlk. Boris Tuch ; "Ljagushka prõgnula skvoz lezvije kossõ..." ; "Vse stantsii peremeshtshalis..." ; "Dõb iz trub stekajet..." ; "Vremja neuklonno i surovo..." / tlk. M. Korol ; Pjat tshassov kogda snega net / tlk. Jelena Salkova. Orig.: Reekviem ; "Konn hüppas vikatist läbi..." ; "Kõik jaamad segunesid Valisime keeli..." ; "Suits sajab korstnaist maha..." ; "Aeg on karm ja ühepoolne Meid..."; Kell viis kui pole lund

  18. Spatiotemporal distribution of harmful algal flora in the tropical estuarine complex of Goa, India

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Pednekar, S.M.; Matondkar, S.G.P.; Kerkar, V.

    ,” Mahas- agar Bulletin, vol. 20, pp. 121–128, 1987. [7] I. Karunasagar, H. S. V. Gowda, M. Subburaj, M. N. Venu- gopal, and I. Karunasagar, “Out break of Paralytic shellfish poisoning in Mangalore west cost of India,” Current Science, vol. 53, pp. 247... of India [12]. The occurrences of HAB species have been linked to a number of factors such as impact of weather conditions on water parameters like salinity, temperature, currents, nutri- ent concentrations, monsoonal pattern, and also the geo- morphology...

  19. Adivasis and Communists in post-reform Kerala

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steur, Luisa Johanna

    2014-01-01

    alternative to Communist ideology has started to emerge in the form of a politics centered on indigenous belonging. In 2001 a movement that became known as the “Adivasi Gothra Maha Sabha” (AGMS) grabbed headlines in Kerala for staging a successful demonstration in front of the Secretariat to protest against...... been the threat of neoliberalism intensifying an age-old anti-colonial struggle of adivasis. Yet closer examination upsets this idea of simple historical continuity. It remains to be explained exactly why adivasis confronted the threat of “globalisation” according to an ideology of adivasi belonging...

  20. Vike-Freiberga on sunnitud kleite müüma / Harry Tuul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuul, Harry

    2007-01-01

    Läti endine president Vaira Vike-Freiberga kavatseb oma esindusriided eBays maha müüa. Koos abikaasa Imants Freibergsiga asutati konsultatsioonifirma VVF Consulting, mis annab nõu diplomaatia, poliitika ja läbirääkimiste kunstis. Ekspresidendi tulevikuplaanidest. Vaira Vike-Freiberga kohta avaldavad arvamust Eesti suursaadik Riias 2002-2006 Toomas Lukk ja president Toomas Hendrik Ilves. T.H. Ilvese sõnul on Vaira Vike-Freiberga Läti patrioot, kes oli ühtlasi rahvusvahelises rindes kõigi kolme Balti riigi eestkõneleja

  1. Arhitektuuriaasta 2004 = The year in architecture 2004 / Epp Lankots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Arhitektuuriauhindade nominentidest ja premeeritutest. Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia sai Toomas Rank Rägavere mõisa renoveerimise eest. Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali renoveerimispreemia - Mari Kurismaa, Eesti Draamateatri interjööride renoveerimine; objektipreemia - Martin Aunin, Ülemiste hotell; interjööripreemia - Jan Joonas Graps, Ken-Kristjan Ruut, "Jungenti" büroo; arhitektuurse tegevuse preemia - Kristjan Holm, Liina Jänes, Agu Külm, Jukka-Pekka Jalovaara, Pille Epner, Madis Jürgen, Tõnu Kaalep, Ingmar Muusikus, Eesti ekspositsioon "Aeg-maha-arhitektuur" Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalil

  2. Clinical observation on Greeva Stambha (cervical spondylosis) Chikitsa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bharti; Katyal, Shveta; Kumar, Adarsh; Makhija, Renu; Devalla, Ramesh Babu

    2010-01-01

    Greeva Stambha (A Vataja Disorder) simulates cervical spondylosis, which is a chronic degenerative condition of the cervical spine. Keeping in view the increasing incidence of this problem in modern society with more of desk- workers; an observational study was conducted on 22 patients of Greeva stambha vis-a-vis cervical spondylosis selected from OPD/IPD of CRIA, Punjabi-Bagh, New-Delhi, satisfying the inclusion criteria. The Vatahara treatment viz. Maha Yogaraj Guggulu 500 mg BD, Panchguna tail for local use and Nadi sweda (Local steam with Dashmoola Kwatha) were given for seven days. The results were assessed on the basis of symptomatic improvement using visual analog scale. PMID:22131713

  3. Nõrk või tugev raha?: mündireformid ja nende põhjused Euroopas 15. sajandi alguses / Ivar Leimus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leimus, Ivar, 1953-

    2014-01-01

    Saksa Ordu majanduslikust pankrotist Tannenbergi lahingu järel. Katsetest olukorda lahendada. Danzigi veriselt maha surutud mündimässust, misjärel kõrgmeistril tuli siiski loobuda reformist algselt mõeldud kujul. Mündireform toimus 15. sajandi alguses ka Liivimaal. Küsimuseks jääb kuivõrd mõjutas seda kõrgmeistrile osutatud rahalinae abi. Suurem kriis Liivimaa mündinduses näib olevat alanud alles 1415. aastal. 15. sajandi algul halvenes raha peaaegu kõikjal Euroopas, kuid selle põhjused ja käik olid erinevad

  4. "Ostanovimsja na mig v tishine..." : [luuletused] / Ene Mihkelson ; lühibiograafia: T. L. [Toomas Liiv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mihkelson, Ene, 1944-2017-

    1999-01-01

    Sisu: "Ostanovimsja na mig v tishine..." / tlk. V. Fadin ; Rekviem / tlk. Marju Lauristin ; "Dom eto tolko godõ..." ; "Dvoje bezumtsev mezh nimi treti..." ; "Eva v Tapa zhivjot / tlk. Boris Tuch ; "Ljagushka prõgnula skvoz lezvije kossõ..." ; "Vse stantsii peremeshtshalis..." ; "Dõb iz trub stekajet..." ; "Vremja neuklonno i surovo..." / tlk. M. Korol ; Pjat tshassov kogda snega net / tlk. Jelena Salkova. Orig.: Reekviem ; "Konn hüppas vikatist läbi..." ; "Kõik jaamad segunesid Valisime keeli..." ; "Suits sajab korstnaist maha..." ; "Aeg on karm ja ühepoolne Meid..."; Kell viis kui pole lund

  5. Kruuda bluff kasumiga / Ralf-Martin Soe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soe, Ralf-Martin

    2008-01-01

    Äripäev võrdles Kalevi kvartaalseid aruandeid, millest selgus, et ettevõtte kasumist ja käibest haihtus kümneid miljoneid kroone. Vt. samas: Finantsinspektsioon puurib Kalevi tegemisi; Analüütikud on Kalevi börsifirmade nimekirjast maha kandnud; Suurtehing jooksis kaheksa kuuga karile; Numbrite ilustamise tõttu võib Kalevit oodata investoritele tekitatud kahju kinnimaksmine; Tabel: Kalevi majandusnäitajad; Diagramm: Kalevi majandusnäitajad. Küsimusele vastab Tarmo Maasikmägi. Kommenteerib Tex Vertmann

  6. Nõrk või tugev raha?: mündireformid ja nende põhjused Euroopas 15. sajandi alguses / Ivar Leimus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leimus, Ivar, 1953-

    2014-01-01

    Saksa Ordu majanduslikust pankrotist Tannenbergi lahingu järel. Katsetest olukorda lahendada. Danzigi veriselt maha surutud mündimässust, misjärel kõrgmeistril tuli siiski loobuda reformist algselt mõeldud kujul. Mündireform toimus 15. sajandi alguses ka Liivimaal. Küsimuseks jääb kuivõrd mõjutas seda kõrgmeistrile osutatud rahalinae abi. Suurem kriis Liivimaa mündinduses näib olevat alanud alles 1415. aastal. 15. sajandi algul halvenes raha peaaegu kõikjal Euroopas, kuid selle põhjused ja käik olid erinevad

  7. Keila-Joast võib saada riigipea uus residents / Kärt Anvelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Anvelt, Kärt, 1973-

    2007-01-01

    Riigi Kinnisvara AS võttis presidendi kantselei palvel müügist maha Keila-Joa lossikompleksi, sest lossist võib tulevikus kujuneda riigipea residents. Presidendi avalike suhete nõuniku Toomas Sildami sõnul kaalutakse võimalust leida hoone, mis sobiks nii praeguse kui ka järgmiste riigipeade elu- ja esindusruumideks. Riigi Kinnisvara ASi juhatuse esimehe Jaak Saarniidu ja ärimees Urmas Sõõrumaa hinnanguid lossi renoveerimiskulude kohta. Vt. samas: Peahoone on kaitse all

  8. Khon Kaen: a community-based speech therapy model for an area lacking in speech services for clefts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prathaneel, Benjamas; Makarabhirom, Kalyanee; Jaiyong, Pechcharat; Pradubwong, Suteera

    2014-09-01

    Absence of speech rehabilitation services is one of the critical difficulties in care for clefts in Thailand and some other developing countries. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the "Khon Kaen Community-Based Speech Therapy Model" in decreasing the number of articulation defects in children with cleft palate and/or lip. Sixteen children with cleft palate and/or lip in 6 districts of Maha Sarakham Province were enrolled for study. A three-day intensive speech camp was held in Srinagarind Hospital and followed by an outreach program of six one-day follow-up speech camps in Maha Sarakham Hospital. Six paraprofessionals, speech assistants, provided home- or community- based speech correction every week for one year. Numbers of various articulation errors were compared pre- and post-treatment using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. The number of articulation defects showed a statistically significant reduction (mean difference = 10; Z = -3.52; p Speech Therapy Model" is one of the best models for solving speech therapy problems in areas of Thailand lacking speech services and can be applied to other developing countries.

  9. Effect of dexamethasone on differential white blood cell counts and heterophil / lymphocyte ratio in Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orawan Chinrasri

    2003-05-01

    Full Text Available Laying Japanese quails (n = 60, 30 weeks of age reared at the experimental laboratory unit of the Faculty of Technology, Maha Sarakham University, Maha Sarakham province, Thailand. Birds were in cages with wire floors. Randomized Complete Block was the design of the experiment. During the first 4 days of experimental period, quails were fed on a standard commercial diet with four treatments: supplemented with dexamethasone at 4 levels namely 0 (control group, 1.25, 2.50 and 5.00 mg/kg diet. On days 1, 3, 7, 10 and 14 of the experimental period, percentage of heterophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, basophil, eosinophil, and heterophil/ lymphocyte ratio values of laying quails were examined. The results revealed that percentage of heterophil of laying quail with added dexamethasone at 1.25 and 2.50 mg/kg in diets were significantly higher than others (P0.05. After discontinuing dexamethasone administration on day 4 of the experimental period, percentage of heterophil, lymphocyte and eosinophil, monocyte, and heterophil: lymphocyte ratio, of quails recovered to normal within 10 days.

  10. A study on Maruca vitrata infestation of Yard-long beans (Vigna unguiculata subspecies sesquipedalis).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayasinghe, R C; Premachandra, W T S Dammini; Neilson, Roy

    2015-09-01

    Globally, Maruca vitrata (Geyer) is a serious yield constraint on food legumes including Yard-long bean (Vigna unguiculata subspecies sesquipedalis). However, there is a dearth of information on its damage potential, distribution and population dynamics in Yard-long beans. In the present study, the level of M. vitrata larval infestation on flowers and pods of Yard-long beans in Sri Lanka was determined with respect to three consecutive cropping seasons, Yala, Off and Maha. Results indicated that larval infestation and abundance varied with developmental stage of flowers and pods, cropping season and their combined interactive effects. Flowers of Yard-long beans were more prone to M. vitrata larval attack compared to pods. Abundance and level of infestation of M. vitrata varied with plant parts, having a ranking of flower buds (highest) > open flowers > mature pods > immature pods (lowest). Peak infestation was observed six and eight weeks after planting on flowers and pods, respectively. Among the three cropping seasons, M. vitrata infestation was found to be higher during Maha and Off seasons compared to Yala. The findings of this study contribute to the identified knowledge gap regarding the field biology of an acknowledged important pest, M. vitrata, in a previously understudied crop in Sri Lanka.

  11. Body size distributions of the pale grass blue butterfly in Japan: Size rules and the status of the Fukushima population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taira, Wataru; Iwasaki, Mayo; Otaki, Joji M.

    2015-01-01

    The body size of the pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha, has been used as an environmental indicator of radioactive pollution caused by the Fukushima nuclear accident. However, geographical and temporal size distributions in Japan and temperature effects on size have not been established in this species. Here, we examined the geographical, temporal, and temperature-dependent changes of the forewing size of Z. maha argia in Japan. Butterflies collected in 2012 and 2013 from multiple prefectures throughout Japan demonstrated an inverse relationship of latitude and forewing size, which is the reverse of Bergmann’s cline. The Fukushima population was significantly larger than the Aomori and Miyagi populations and exhibited no difference from most of the other prefectural populations. When monitored at a single geographic locality every other month, forewing sizes were the largest in April and the smallest in August. Rearing larvae at a constant temperature demonstrated that forewing size followed the temperature-size rule. Therefore, the converse Bergmann’s rule and the temperature-size rule coexist in this multivoltine species. Our study establishes this species as a useful environmental indicator and supports the idea that the size reduction observed only in Fukushima Prefecture in 2011 was caused by the environmental stress of radioactive pollution. PMID:26197998

  12. MONITORING SHORT-TERM COSMIC-RAY SPECTRAL VARIATIONS USING NEUTRON MONITOR TIME-DELAY MEASUREMENTS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruffolo, D.; Sáiz, A.; Mangeard, P.-S.; Kamyan, N.; Muangha, P. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400 (Thailand); Nutaro, T.; Rujiwarodom, M.; Tooprakai, P. [Thailand Center of Excellence in Physics, CHE, Ministry of Education, Bangkok 10400 (Thailand); Sumran, S.; Chaiwattana, C.; Gasiprong, N.; Channok, C.; Wuttiya, C. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ubon Ratchathani University, Ubon Ratchathani 34190 (Thailand); Asavapibhop, B. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand); Bieber, J. W.; Clem, J.; Evenson, P. [Bartol Research Institute, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (United States); Munakata, K., E-mail: david.ruf@mahidol.ac.th [Physics Department, Shinshu University, Matsumoto, Nagano 390-8621 (Japan)

    2016-01-20

    Neutron monitors (NMs) are ground-based detectors of cosmic-ray showers that are widely used for high-precision monitoring of changes in the Galactic cosmic-ray (GCR) flux due to solar storms and solar wind variations. In the present work, we show that a single neutron monitor station can also monitor short-term changes in the GCR spectrum, avoiding the systematic uncertainties in comparing data from different stations, by means of NM time-delay histograms. Using data for 2007–2014 from the Princess Sirindhorn Neutron Monitor, a station at Doi Inthanon, Thailand, with the world’s highest vertical geomagnetic cutoff rigidity of 16.8 GV, we have developed an analysis of time-delay histograms that removes the chance coincidences that can dominate conventional measures of multiplicity. We infer the “leader fraction” L of neutron counts that do not follow a previous neutron count in the same counter from the same atmospheric secondary, which is inversely related to the actual multiplicity and increases for increasing GCR spectral index. After correction for atmospheric pressure and water vapor, we find that L indicates substantial short-term GCR spectral hardening during some but not all Forbush decreases in GCR flux due to solar storms. Such spectral data from Doi Inthanon provide information about cosmic-ray energies beyond the Earth’s maximum geomagnetic cutoff, extending the reach of the worldwide NM network and opening a new avenue in the study of short-term GCR decreases.

  13. Monitoring Short-term Cosmic-ray Spectral Variations Using Neutron Monitor Time-delay Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruffolo, D.; Sáiz, A.; Mangeard, P.-S.; Kamyan, N.; Muangha, P.; Nutaro, T.; Sumran, S.; Chaiwattana, C.; Gasiprong, N.; Channok, C.; Wuttiya, C.; Rujiwarodom, M.; Tooprakai, P.; Asavapibhop, B.; Bieber, J. W.; Clem, J.; Evenson, P.; Munakata, K.

    2016-01-01

    Neutron monitors (NMs) are ground-based detectors of cosmic-ray showers that are widely used for high-precision monitoring of changes in the Galactic cosmic-ray (GCR) flux due to solar storms and solar wind variations. In the present work, we show that a single neutron monitor station can also monitor short-term changes in the GCR spectrum, avoiding the systematic uncertainties in comparing data from different stations, by means of NM time-delay histograms. Using data for 2007-2014 from the Princess Sirindhorn Neutron Monitor, a station at Doi Inthanon, Thailand, with the world’s highest vertical geomagnetic cutoff rigidity of 16.8 GV, we have developed an analysis of time-delay histograms that removes the chance coincidences that can dominate conventional measures of multiplicity. We infer the “leader fraction” L of neutron counts that do not follow a previous neutron count in the same counter from the same atmospheric secondary, which is inversely related to the actual multiplicity and increases for increasing GCR spectral index. After correction for atmospheric pressure and water vapor, we find that L indicates substantial short-term GCR spectral hardening during some but not all Forbush decreases in GCR flux due to solar storms. Such spectral data from Doi Inthanon provide information about cosmic-ray energies beyond the Earth’s maximum geomagnetic cutoff, extending the reach of the worldwide NM network and opening a new avenue in the study of short-term GCR decreases.

  14. Tubakapood : valik tõlkeid / Fernando Pessoa ; tõlk. Tõnu Õnnepalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pessoa, Fernando

    2005-01-01

    Sisu: "Kui sa tahad ennast tappa, siis miks sa ei taha ennast tappa..." ; "Jubedas öös, kõigi ööde loomulikus substantsis..." ; Tubakapood ; Magnifikaat ; Pärispatt ; Sünnipäev ; Söögisooda ; Kalts ; Reaalsus ; Kirjutatud ühte reisil maha unustatud raamatusse ; "Tühjaks jäänud paleede varemete keskel..." ; Lisbon revisited. Kirjutatud adressil 33, rue de la Prevote 33000 Bordeaux : "Ta on noor, istub kaldal, vaatab teisele poole..." ; Elu ; "Mis siis saab, kui enam midagi ei ole..." ; 08.04.05 ; A Therese desqueyroux, fille de landes, ame sceur ; Thercse desqueyroux'le, nõmmetüdrukule, sugulashingele ; "Õhtuste küngaste vahel, teel Latresne'ist La Sauve'i..." ; "Siis kui kell saab neli, lahkun sellest majast..."

  15. Täiendame teadmisi kogu elu / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne teadmiste päeval 1. septembril 2007 Eesti Televisioonis. Ilmunud ka: Hiiu Leht 4. sept. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Presidendi kõne teadmiste päeval (lüh.); Virumaa Teataja 4. sept. 2007, lk. 11, pealk.: Koolipinki peaksid minema ka paljud täiskasvanud; Sakala 4. sept. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Võtkem tempot maha ja mõelgem oma tegudele!; Pärnu Postimees 4. sept. 2007, lk. 19, pealk.: Vabariigi presidendi kõne 1. septembril; Põhjarannik 4. sept. 2007, lk. 4, pealk.: Keegi pole õppimiseks liiga tark; Severnoje Poberezhje 4. sept. 2007, lk. 4; Võrumaa Teataja 4. sept. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Teadmiste päev on meie kõigi päev; Molodjozh Estonii 3. sept. 2007, lk. 2; Meie Kodu 12. sept. 2007, lk. 1, pealk.: Presidendi pöördumine 1. septembril

  16. KEJAHATAN PORNOGRAFI Upaya Pencegahan dan Penanggulangannya di Kabupaten Ponorogo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irma Rumtianing Uswatul Hanifah

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Pemerintah telah mengeluarkan undang-undang No 44 Tahun 2008 tentang pornografi. Tujuan dari undang-undang tersebut salah satunya mewujudkan dan memelihara tatanan kehidupan masyarakat yang beretika, berkepribadian luhur, menjungjung tinggi nilai-nilai Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa, serta menghormati harkat dan martabat kemanusiaan. Dalam perkembangannya, materi pornografi mengalami pertumbuhan dan penyebaran yang pesat seiring dengan perkembangan dan kemajuan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi. Peredaran dan penyebaran film porno kini semakin pesat karena ditopang dengan kecanggihan sarana informasi dan komunikasi salah satunya media internet yang bisa diakses oleh masyarakat pada setiap saat. Tulisan berikut akan mengkaji bagaimana upaya dan trategi yang dilakukan oleh Pemerintah Kabupaten Ponorogo dalam mencegah dan menanggulangi kejahatan pornografi di Kabupaten Ponorogo, apa hambatan dan bagaimana solusi dalam pencegahan serta penanggulangan kejahatan pornografi di Kabupaten Ponorogo serta bagaimana formulasi kebijakan untuk pencegahan dan penanggulangan kejahatan pornografi di Kabupaten Ponorogo. Kata kunci: Pornografi, Polres, KP3A

  17. ECZEMATOID GRAFT VERSUS HOST DISEASE IN A SEX MISMATCHED ALLOGENEIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANT REFRACTORY TO TREATMENT: A CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhilasha

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A 25 years old gentleman presented with bleeding gums, purpura and fever for 2 months and severe anemia requiring 10 blood transfusions. Baseline hematological investigations and bone marrow examination confirmed aplastic anemia. He underwent allogeneic stem cell transplant as a curative option with HLA identical sister as the donor. Neutrophils engrafted on day +16. On day +115 he showed signs of dyshydrotic eczema and was initiated on local and systemic steroids and topical tacrolimus. As there were features of Cyclosporin induced MAHA, the same was stopped and oral Mycophenolate was initiated on day +129. On day +170 he presented with extensive progression of cutaneous and hepatic GVHD. Subsequent treatment with Cyclophosphamide, Sirolimus and Daclizumab did not show significant response. On day +195, he succumbed to sepsis with multiorgan failure. The diagnosis of ezcematoid GVHD was confirmed by cutaneous manifestations, biopsy, the clinical course and the presence of GVHD in other organs.

  18. Alagille syndrome: clinical perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saleh M

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Maha Saleh,1 Binita M Kamath,2 David Chitayat1,3 1Division of Clinical and Metabolic Genetics, 2Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, The Hospital for Sick Children, 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Prenatal Diagnosis and Medical Genetics Program, Mount Sinai Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Abstract: Alagille syndrome is an autosomal dominant, complex multisystem disorder characterized by the presence of three out of five major clinical criteria: cholestasis with bile duct paucity on liver biopsy, congenital cardiac defects (with particular involvement of the pulmonary arteries, posterior embryotoxon in the eye, characteristic facial features, and butterfly vertebrae. Renal and vascular abnormalities can also occur. Inter- and intrafamilial variabilities in the clinical manifestations are common. We reviewed the clinical features and management as well as the molecular basis of Alagille syndrome. Keywords: Alagille syndrome, ALGS, genetics, liver 

  19. Tubakapood : valik tõlkeid / Fernando Pessoa ; tõlk. Tõnu Õnnepalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pessoa, Fernando

    2005-01-01

    Sisu: "Kui sa tahad ennast tappa, siis miks sa ei taha ennast tappa..." ; "Jubedas öös, kõigi ööde loomulikus substantsis..." ; Tubakapood ; Magnifikaat ; Pärispatt ; Sünnipäev ; Söögisooda ; Kalts ; Reaalsus ; Kirjutatud ühte reisil maha unustatud raamatusse ; "Tühjaks jäänud paleede varemete keskel..." ; Lisbon revisited. Kirjutatud adressil 33, rue de la Prevote 33000 Bordeaux : "Ta on noor, istub kaldal, vaatab teisele poole..." ; Elu ; "Mis siis saab, kui enam midagi ei ole..." ; 08.04.05 ; A Therese desqueyroux, fille de landes, ame sceur ; Thercse desqueyroux'le, nõmmetüdrukule, sugulashingele ; "Õhtuste küngaste vahel, teel Latresne'ist La Sauve'i..." ; "Siis kui kell saab neli, lahkun sellest majast..."

  20. Täiendame teadmisi kogu elu / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne teadmiste päeval 1. septembril 2007 Eesti Televisioonis. Ilmunud ka: Hiiu Leht 4. sept. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Presidendi kõne teadmiste päeval (lüh.); Virumaa Teataja 4. sept. 2007, lk. 11, pealk.: Koolipinki peaksid minema ka paljud täiskasvanud; Sakala 4. sept. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Võtkem tempot maha ja mõelgem oma tegudele!; Pärnu Postimees 4. sept. 2007, lk. 19, pealk.: Vabariigi presidendi kõne 1. septembril; Põhjarannik 4. sept. 2007, lk. 4, pealk.: Keegi pole õppimiseks liiga tark; Severnoje Poberezhje 4. sept. 2007, lk. 4; Võrumaa Teataja 4. sept. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Teadmiste päev on meie kõigi päev; Molodjozh Estonii 3. sept. 2007, lk. 2; Meie Kodu 12. sept. 2007, lk. 1, pealk.: Presidendi pöördumine 1. septembril

  1. Üle kuristiku : [luuletused] / Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Doris, 1958-

    1998-01-01

    Sisu: Üle kuristiku ; Pärastlõuna ; Miski jääb lõpuni puudu ; "Nüüd, kus sa tead juba elust..." ; Lõpp ; Pühitsus 1-3 ; "Iga päev..." ; "Sellest maast, sellest saatusest..." ; "Me elu on me elu ainus mõte..." ; Midas ; Tagahoovid 2 ; Painaja ; Hääl ; "Ma tean, et meenun Sulle ainult siis..." ; Teerist ; Passioon 1-4 ; Erakiri ; "Käib aimamatut rada armastus..." ; Ärkamine ; "Sa lakkasid olemast ime..." ; "Läbi elu lendab surmakivi..." ; "Viib sünnieelsest unest surmaunne..." ; "Tark olla tahtmise ja teadmissunni..." ; "Kui palve püsib puhas leht su ees..." ; "Puud kohisevad. Mu elu..." ; "Ta vaikib, su Õpetaja..." ; "Ma kirjutasin maha, liivale..." ; "Kõik, keda nägin..."

  2. Üle kuristiku : [luuletused] / Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Doris, 1958-

    1998-01-01

    Sisu: Üle kuristiku ; Pärastlõuna ; Miski jääb lõpuni puudu ; "Nüüd, kus sa tead juba elust..." ; Lõpp ; Pühitsus 1-3 ; "Iga päev..." ; "Sellest maast, sellest saatusest..." ; "Me elu on me elu ainus mõte..." ; Midas ; Tagahoovid 2 ; Painaja ; Hääl ; "Ma tean, et meenun Sulle ainult siis..." ; Teerist ; Passioon 1-4 ; Erakiri ; "Käib aimamatut rada armastus..." ; Ärkamine ; "Sa lakkasid olemast ime..." ; "Läbi elu lendab surmakivi..." ; "Viib sünnieelsest unest surmaunne..." ; "Tark olla tahtmise ja teadmissunni..." ; "Kui palve püsib puhas leht su ees..." ; "Puud kohisevad. Mu elu..." ; "Ta vaikib, su Õpetaja..." ; "Ma kirjutasin maha, liivale..." ; "Kõik, keda nägin..."

  3. The biological impacts of the Fukushima nuclear accident on the pale grass blue butterfly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiyama, Atsuki; Nohara, Chiyo; Kinjo, Seira; Taira, Wataru; Gima, Shinichi; Tanahara, Akira; Otaki, Joji M

    2012-01-01

    The collapse of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant caused a massive release of radioactive materials to the environment. A prompt and reliable system for evaluating the biological impacts of this accident on animals has not been available. Here we show that the accident caused physiological and genetic damage to the pale grass blue Zizeeria maha, a common lycaenid butterfly in Japan. We collected the first-voltine adults in the Fukushima area in May 2011, some of which showed relatively mild abnormalities. The F₁ offspring from the first-voltine females showed more severe abnormalities, which were inherited by the F₂ generation. Adult butterflies collected in September 2011 showed more severe abnormalities than those collected in May. Similar abnormalities were experimentally reproduced in individuals from a non-contaminated area by external and internal low-dose exposures. We conclude that artificial radionuclides from the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant caused physiological and genetic damage to this species.

  4. Menyusuri Hakikat Kebenaran: Kajian Epistemologi atas Konsep Intuisi dalamTasawuf al-Ghazali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amin Hasan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Nur (cahaya yang Allah hujamkan ke dada adalah kunci sebagian besar ilmu pengetahuan. Maka, barangsiapa yang mengira bahwa tersingkapnya pengetahuan hanya tergantung pada dalil-dalil saja, maka berarti ia telah mempersempit rahmat Allah SWT Yang Maha Luas. Dari cahaya itulah hendaknya dicari kasyf (tersingkapnya suatu ilmu. Cahaya itu terpancar dari kemurahan Tuhan pada sebagian makhluk hidup dan harus dinanti-nantikan.Memastikan dengan bukti adalah ilmu, dan yang memproses esensi keadaan itu adalah dzauq, sedang yang menerima yang didengar maupun percobaan lewat prasangka baik adalah iman. Jadi, inilah tiga tingkatan: “Allah akan mengangkat orang-orang yang beriman diantara kalian dan yang telah diberi ilmu beberapa derajat.”

  5. Monte Carlo simulation of the neutron monitor yield function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangeard, P.-S.; Ruffolo, D.; Sáiz, A.; Madlee, S.; Nutaro, T.

    2016-08-01

    Neutron monitors (NMs) are ground-based detectors that measure variations of the Galactic cosmic ray flux at GV range rigidities. Differences in configuration, electronics, surroundings, and location induce systematic effects on the calculation of the yield functions of NMs worldwide. Different estimates of NM yield functions can differ by a factor of 2 or more. In this work, we present new Monte Carlo simulations to calculate NM yield functions and perform an absolute (not relative) comparison with the count rate of the Princess Sirindhorn Neutron Monitor (PSNM) at Doi Inthanon, Thailand, both for the entire monitor and for individual counter tubes. We model the atmosphere using profiles from the Global Data Assimilation System database and the Naval Research Laboratory Mass Spectrometer, Incoherent Scatter Radar Extended model. Using FLUKA software and the detailed geometry of PSNM, we calculated the PSNM yield functions for protons and alpha particles. An agreement better than 9% was achieved between the PSNM observations and the simulated count rate during the solar minimum of December 2009. The systematic effect from the electronic dead time was studied as a function of primary cosmic ray rigidity at the top of the atmosphere up to 1 TV. We show that the effect is not negligible and can reach 35% at high rigidity for a dead time >1 ms. We analyzed the response function of each counter tube at PSNM using its actual dead time, and we provide normalization coefficients between count rates for various tube configurations in the standard NM64 design that are valid to within ˜1% for such stations worldwide.

  6. 隐匿性弥漫性癌肿相关微血管病性溶血性贫血4例并文献分析%Occult disseminated malignancy-associated microangiopathic hemolytic anemia: a report of 4 patients and review of the literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王荷花; 周振海; 欧阳涓; 陈运贤

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate clinical features of occult disseminated malignancy-associated microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) in order to facilitate early diagnosis and therapy. Methods Four patients with metastatic carcinoma in which MAHA was the initial manifestation were reported and previously published cases in mainland of China were reviewed. Results In a review of literature from 1979 to 2010, 19 additional cases with widespread neoplasms which were initially associated with MAHA were found. The median age of the 23 patients, including the present four, was 45 years ( range; 16-86) , eight were men and fifteen women. The prominent initial manifestations were MAHA, fever, diffused bone pain, neurological symptoms, mucocutaneous hemorrhage, and upper abdominal pain with concomitant hemateme-sis or hematochezia (78% , 48% , 48% , 35% , 35% , and 26% of cases, respectively). Peripheral blood counts showed marked anemia and moderate thrombocytopenia. Median hemoglobin level and platelet count were 52 g/L (range, 26-89 g/L) and 35 × 109/L (range, 5-98 × 109/L) , respectively. Abnormalities of laboratory data of blood coagulation, such as prolonged prothrombin time, were found in 7 of 12 patients and four patients were complicated with disseminated intravascular coagulation. Marrow aspiration and ( or) biopsy disclosed tumor invasion in eleven patients. Seventeen of 21 patients diagnosed by biopsy had disseminated adenocarcinoma, including 11 with gastric cancer, 2 with lung cancer, 1 with ovarial cancer, and 3 withcancer of unknown origin. Conclusion MAHA as an initial manifestation of metastatic malignancy predominantly occurs in metastatic adenocarcinoma. The symptom of bone pain, marrow aspiration and biopsy, and monitoring of hemostatic parameters are critical to differential diagnosis of thrombotic thrombocytopenic pur-pura (TTP) and early recognition of metastatic carcinoma. Further investigations, such as gastroscopy, could determine the origin of the

  7. The Causes of the Avoidance of Violent Revolution during the Early Stage of Thailand’s Political Modernization%论泰国政治现代化初期未发生暴力革命之原因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帆

    2014-01-01

    The eraly stage of Thailand's political modernization which took place during the late 19th and early 20th century has two main stages: the first round was called Chakri Reform (1851 - 1932), which was composed of a series of reforms carried out by King Mongkut, King Chulalongkorn and King Vajiravudh; the second round was the Siamese Revolution of 1932 brought about by the Khana Ratsadon (Peoples' Party), which was founded by a group of young scholars and soldiers. Unlike most countries, Thailand's modernization in its early years was com-paratively smooth and peaceful. From the perspectives of culturology as well as Samuel Huntington's political devel-opment theory, this paper summarizes three interconnected main reasons why Thailand's early stage of modernization reform avoided violent revolution: first, the reform avoided political vacuum; second, moderate forces predomina-ted throughout the transformation; and third, the particular cultural and religious factors restrained potential popu-list storms.%泰国的政治现代化发生在19世纪末至20世纪初,其初期分为两个阶段:第一轮变革发生于1851-1932年之间,称为却克里改革,是由蒙固王、朱拉隆功王和瓦栖拉兀王祖孙三代国王发起的一系列改革;第二轮变革是1932年由主要是青年学者和少壮派军人组成的人民党发起的立宪革命。与多数国家不同,泰国的两轮改革均为较平稳而温和的渐进式变革,并未发生暴力革命。本文从分析泰国现代化初期的历史脉络出发,从亨廷顿政治发展理论和文化学的视角,将泰国早期现代化改革之所以能和平过渡的主要原因,总结为相互联系的三个方面:变革过程中政治权威未出现真空、温和势力在变革中始终占据主导地位、文化宗教因素遏制了民粹的爆发。

  8. Multi-approach model for improving agrochemical safety among rice farmers in Pathumthani, Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siriwong W

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Buppha Raksanam,1,2 Surasak Taneepanichskul,2 Wattasit Siriwong,2 Mark Robson3,41Sirindhorn College of Public Health, Trang, 2College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; 3School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers University, 4School of Public Health, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USAAbstract: The large-scale use of agrochemicals has raised environmental and human health concerns. A comprehensive intervention strategy for improving agrochemical safety among rice farmers in Thailand is lacking. The objective of this study is to develop a model in order to improve farmers’ health and prevent them from being exposed to agrochemical hazards, in addition to evaluating the effectiveness of the intervention in terms of agrochemical safety. This study was conducted between October 2009 and January 2011. It measures changes in the mean scores of agrochemical knowledge, health beliefs, agrochemical use behaviors, and in-home pesticide safety. Knowledge of agrochemical use constitutes a basic knowledge of agrochemicals and agrochemical safety behaviors. Health beliefs constitute perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, and barriers to using agrochemicals. Agrochemical use behaviors include self-care practices in terms of personal health at specific times including before spraying, while spraying, during storage, transportation, waste management, and health risk management. Fifty rice farmers from Khlong Seven Community (study group and 51 rice farmers from Bueng Ka Sam community (control group were randomly recruited with support from community leaders. The participants were involved in a combination of home visits (ie, pesticide safety assessments at home and community participatory activities regarding agrochemical safety. This study reveals that health risk behaviors regarding agrochemical exposure in the study area are mainly caused by lack of attention to

  9. Has irrigated water from Mahaweli River contributed to the kidney disease of uncertain etiology in the dry zone of Sri Lanka?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diyabalanage, Saranga; Abekoon, Sumith; Watanabe, Izumi; Watai, Chie; Ono, Yuko; Wijesekara, Saman; Guruge, Keerthi S; Chandrajith, Rohana

    2016-06-01

    The Mahaweli is the largest river basin in Sri Lanka that provides water to the dry zone region through multipurpose irrigation schemes . Selenium, arsenic, cadmium, and other bioimportant trace elements in surface waters of the upper Mahaweli River were measured using ICP-MS. Trace element levels were then compared with water from two other rivers (Maha Oya, Kalu Ganga) and from six dry zone irrigation reservoirs. Results showed that the trace metal concentrations in the Mahaweli upper catchment were detected in the order of Fe > Cu > Zn > Se > Cr > Mn > As > Ni > Co > Mo. Remarkably high levels of Ca, Cr, Co, Ni, Cu, As, and Se were observed in the Mahaweli Basin compared to other study rivers. Considerably high levels of Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, and Se were found in upstream tributaries of the Mahaweli River. Such metals possibly originated from phosphate and organic fertilizers that are heavily applied for tea and vegetable cultivations within the drainage basin. Cadmium that is often attributed to the etiology of unknown chronic kidney diseases in certain parts of the dry zone is much lower than previously reported levels. Decrease in these metals in the lower part of the Mahaweli River could be due to adsorption of trace metals onto sediment and consequent deposition in reservoirs.

  10. Review of research works done on Tamra Bhasma [Incinerated Copper] at Institute for Post-Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Jamnagar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhari, Swapnil Y; Jagtap, Chandrashekhar Y; Galib, R; Bedarkar, Prashant B; Patgiri, Biswajyoti; Prajapati, Pradeep Kumar

    2013-01-01

    The metal, Tamra though mentioned in Ayurveda with a wide range of therapeutic utilities; is attributed with Ashta Maha Dosha. Hence, one should be cautious while using Tamra Bhasma. Considering the significance of Tamra in therapeutics, many studies have been carried out at different centers of India. Aim of the present study was to compile such available research works done on Tamra in the Department of Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana (RS and BK), IPGT and RA, Jamnagar and provide brief information about pharmaceutical, analytical, and pharmacological studies. Total eleven studies on Tamra Bhasma, which revalidated the impact of classical guidelines, safety issues, and therapeutic utilities, were screened from PG Department of RS and BK, Institute for Post-Graduate Teaching and Research in Ayurveda, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar. All studies revealed that Tamra Bhasma is safe clinically, experimentally at Therapeutic Equivalent Dose (TED) levels as no toxic hazards were reported during the treatment period. In all aspects (pharmaceutical, pharmacological, and clinical) Somnathi Tamra Bhasma has proven to be better than Tamra Bhasma. The clinical efficacy of Tamra Bhasma has been evaluated in Shvasa, Kasa, Yakrit Pliha Vriddhi, Grahani, etc. conditions. Satisfactory responses with a decrease in the intensity of signs and symptoms were reported in all the studies. Though certain limitations were observed in these researches, the results can be considered as a lead for further well stratified studies covering larger population. No adverse effects were reported in any of these studies.

  11. MENGENAL FILSAFAT EKSISTENSIALISME JEAN-PAUL SARTRE SERTA IMPLEMENTASINYA DALAM PENDIDIKAN

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    Sunarso Sunarso

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Pendidikan dan filsafat tidak dapat dipisahkan satu dengan yang lainnya. Filsafat bagi pendidikan berperan sebagai pedoman yang memberikan arahan dan tujuan  pendidikan. Sedangkan pendidikan bagi filsafat merupakan suatu ‘ruang’ yang selalu memberinya tempat untuk hidup dan terus berkembang melalui kegiatan-kegiatan teoritis maupun praktis dalam pendidikan. Filsafat eksistensialisme Jean Paul Sartre dapat digunakan sebagai dasar pijakan  dalam kegiatan belajar mengajar di kelas. Menurut Sartre, manusia adalah individu yang bebas. Namun kebebasan yang dimilikinya selalu terbatasi dengan fakta akan adanya kebebasan individu lain. Manusia adalah bebas untuk melakukan dan mendefinisikan dirinya sendiri secara individual.  Manusia tidak lain adalah bagaimana ia menjadikan dirinya sendiri.  Belajar adalah menjadikan dirinya sendiri otonom dan menyadari adanya orang lain sehingga dapat menciptakan dunianya sendiri yang berarti bagi dirinya dan bagi kehidupan orang lain atau lingkungannya. Namun demikian, kita tetap harus selektif terhadap pemikiran Sartre tentang peniadaan Tuhan. Dalam merumuskan konsep kebebasan individu, Sartre mengasumsikan bahwa tanpa bantuan Tuhan, manusia dapat bebas mendefinisikan dirinya sendiri untuk mencapai tujuan hidupnya. Pandangan ini jelas bertentangan dengan falsafah dasar negara kita yaitu Pancasila sila Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa.

  12. Developing Community Health Conditions for Happiness, Phase 1

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    Chalard Chantarasombat

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Complete health of physical, social and intellectual development is an appropriate plan of human development and raises the quality of life in communities. If the development plan is integrated into the local community it will create peace and generosity. Good health is also fundamental to sustainable development which will create a peaceful society where community members are happy and content. Approach: The purpose of this research in Phase 1, is to (1 Identify leaders in communities at village and sub-district level to drive the ongoing research study and development to achieve good community health conditions in all aspects and dimensions. (2 To have the participants and researchers identify the key elements and indicators of health issues that communities feel are most important to their way of life. Results: Village communities were selected by cluster sampling from the provinces of Roi-Et and Maha Sarakham. The developed model for developing community health for living happily in communities is an appropriate and practical method that can be utilized in other communities. Conclusion: The model is in accordance with Participatory Action Research (PAR and the procedures are flexible and the development plans which are the results of Phase 1 can be extended to other communities and backgrounds.

  13. Multi-Objective Fuzzy Linear Programming In Agricultural Production Planning

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    H.M.I.U. Herath

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Modern agriculture is characterized by a series of conflicting optimization criteria that obstruct the decision-making process in the planning of agricultural production. Such criteria are usually net profit total cost total production etc. At the same time the decision making process in the agricultural production planning is often conducted with data that accidentally occur in nature or that are fuzzy not deterministic. Such data are the yields of various crops the prices of products and raw materials demand for the product the available quantities of production factors such as water labor etc. In this paper a fuzzy multi-criteria mathematical programming model is presented. This model is applied in a region of 10 districts in Sri Lanka where paddy is cultivated under irrigated and rain fed water in the two main seasons called Yala and Maha and the optimal production plan is achieved. This study was undertaken to find out the optimal allocation of land for paddy to get a better yield while satisfying the two conflicting objectives profit maximizing and cost minimizing subjected to the utilizing of water constraint and the demand constraint. Only the availability of land constraint is considered as a crisp in nature while objectives and other constraints are treated as fuzzy. It is observed that the MOFLP is an effective method to handle more than a single objective occurs in an uncertain vague environment.

  14. Vikergallup : Eesti kirjandus 2006

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    19 arvustaja vastus küsimusele, milline oli 2006. aasta parim uudisraamat ja debüütteos. Ära nimetati Hasso Krulli luulekogu "Talv", Jan Kausi romaan "Tema", Madis Kõivu "Näidendid I", Jaan Pehki luulekogu "Tuigu kui tuled", Tarmo Tedre romaan "Onanistid", Kristiina Ehini romaan "Pillipuhujanaine ja pommipanijanaine", Marko Kompuse luulekogu "Vallaliste jõgede tõkkejooksja", Mathura luulekogu "Kohalolu", Rein Põdra romaan "Eike", Indrek Ryytle luulekogu "Inglid rokijaamas", Triin Soometsa "Väljas" ja Ervin Õunapuu romaan "Meie igapäevane jää". Debüütteostest mainiti Kaupo Meieli luulekogu "Polügrafisti käsiraamat", Anti Saare romaani "Kuidas sa ära läksid ja mina maha jäin", Andra Teede luulekogu "Takso Tallinna taevas", Maarja Kangro luulekogu "Kurat õrnal lumel", Andrus Elbingu luulekogu "Siin Beebilõust, tere!", Tiina Ilvese juturaamat "Augustihambad", Indrek Koffi luulekogu "Vana laul", Eliina Kortsu luulekogu "Lööklaused murravad metsi", Carolina Pihelga luulekogu "Sõrmemuster" ja Paavo Piigi luulekogu "Kummuli linnad"

  15. Kevadelaul : [luuletused] / Federico Garcia Lorca ; tlk. Ain Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    García Lorca, Federico, 1898-1936

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Kevadelaul ; Uued laulud ; Unenägu ; Uus süda ; Rõske siseõu ; Risttee : "Oh valu: mu värsid võtnud..." ; Ballaad mereveest ; Huile ; Vaikus ; Risttee : "Tuul puhub läänest..." ; Sevilla ; Kuus keelt ; Memento ; Kolm linna : Malaguena ; Cordoba agul ; Tants ; Kitarrimõistatus ; Poolkuu ; Neli kollast ballaadi ; Aadam ; Tasakaal ; Friis ; Maha raiuti kolm puud ; Teokarp ; Rumal laul ; Õhtu ; Ratsaniku laul ; Debussy ; Kuu tõuseb ; Kaks õhtust kuud ; Serenaad ; Laul lahkuvast päevast ; Kuuba neegrilaul ; Itk Ignacio Sanchez Mejiase surma puhul ; Madrigal Santiago linnale ; Hällilaul surnud Rosalia Castrole ; Kuu tants Santiagos ; Gaseel kohutavast lähedusest ; Gaseel tumedast surmast ; Gaseel põgenemisest ; Gaseel saja-aastasest armastusest ; Kassiida okstest ; Kassiida selili lebavast naisest ; Kassiida unenäost vabas õhus ; Kassiida tumedaist tuvidest ; Vee süit ; Herbaariumid ; Omega ; Ood Salvador Dalile ; "Ma kardan, kas su imet ma ei kaota..." . Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 879

  16. Developing a Mathematical Model to Estimate the Intensity of the Global Radiation

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    Poramate CHUNPANG

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to create an empirical mathematical model to estimate the average monthly of total daily radiation of the global radiation in the middle of northeast Thailand. The model showed the ratio of the monthly average of daily radiation on the radiation outside the Earth's atmosphere which contains cloud index: n, ozone: l, perceptible water: w, and visibility: VIS, where: the value of n came from the data from meteorological satellites MTSAT-2, the value of l came from the data from AURA satellite, the value of w was calculated from temperature and humidity of the air, and the value of VIS came from the measurements from meteorological stations. For testing the performance of the model, the researchers calculated the average monthly of total daily radiation intensity at Maha Sarakham, Roi Et, Khon Kaen and Kalasin provincial meteorological stations. Then, the results were compared with the measured values. The comparison showed that the results from the calculation and measurement are consistent in the good standing. The Root Mean Square Difference value (RMSD of the monthly average of total daily radiation intensity was between 5.25 to 13.82%. On the other hand, the Mean Bias Difference value (MBD was negative within the range of -0.99 to -13.47%.

  17. PENGARUH RELIGIUSITAS DAN ETIKA KERJA ISLAMI TERHADAP MOTIVASI KERJA

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    Fauzan Fauzan

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah ada pengaruh antara religiustas dan etika kerja islami terhadap motivasi kerja. Dugaan awal, religiustas dan etika kerja islami berpengaruh terhadap motivasi kerja. Subjek penelitian ini adalah para guru di SMP yang dikelola oleh LP Ma’arif Kota Malang. Penelitian ini menggunakan kuesioner adaptasi dan modifikasi skala Islamic Work Ethics yang dkembangkan oleh Abbas Ali ( 1987 dan skala religiusitas yang dikembangkan oleh Glock dan Stark (1996. Hasil dari penelitian mengindikasikan bahwa, (1 Religiusitas atau rasa keberagamaan, cukup mewarnai Motivasi Kerja seorang guru dalam melaksanakan aktivitasnya. Karena diakui atau tidak para guru mayoritas adalah pemeluk agama Islam. Sehingga muatan-muatan ajaran Islam cukup mewarnai aktifitas mengajarnya. Religiusitas memberikan suatu dorongan kepada seseorang (guru untuk bekerja lebih baik, meningkatkan kualitas kerjanya, serta bertanggung jawab terhadap pekerjaannya. Religiusitas sangat panting dalam menciptakan etika kerja yang baik yang bertanggung jawab secara horizontal kepada sesama manusia dan secara vertikal kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa. Dengan demikian kita memiliki sumber daya manusia yang jujur dan berdedikasi baik. (2 Etika Kerja Islami belum mampu memotivasi kerja guru. Artinya, selama ini etika masih dipahami secara normative saja, tapi belum menjadi suatu praktek dalam berkehidupan serta belum terinternalisasi dalam setiap aktivas. (3 secara bersama-sama Religiusitas dan Etika Kerja Islami berpengaruh secara positif dan signifikan terhadap Motivasi Kerja guru SMP Islam LP Ma’arif Kota Malang

  18. Kevadelaul : [luuletused] / Federico Garcia Lorca ; tlk. Ain Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    García Lorca, Federico, 1898-1936

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Kevadelaul ; Uued laulud ; Unenägu ; Uus süda ; Rõske siseõu ; Risttee : "Oh valu: mu värsid võtnud..." ; Ballaad mereveest ; Huile ; Vaikus ; Risttee : "Tuul puhub läänest..." ; Sevilla ; Kuus keelt ; Memento ; Kolm linna : Malaguena ; Cordoba agul ; Tants ; Kitarrimõistatus ; Poolkuu ; Neli kollast ballaadi ; Aadam ; Tasakaal ; Friis ; Maha raiuti kolm puud ; Teokarp ; Rumal laul ; Õhtu ; Ratsaniku laul ; Debussy ; Kuu tõuseb ; Kaks õhtust kuud ; Serenaad ; Laul lahkuvast päevast ; Kuuba neegrilaul ; Itk Ignacio Sanchez Mejiase surma puhul ; Madrigal Santiago linnale ; Hällilaul surnud Rosalia Castrole ; Kuu tants Santiagos ; Gaseel kohutavast lähedusest ; Gaseel tumedast surmast ; Gaseel põgenemisest ; Gaseel saja-aastasest armastusest ; Kassiida okstest ; Kassiida selili lebavast naisest ; Kassiida unenäost vabas õhus ; Kassiida tumedaist tuvidest ; Vee süit ; Herbaariumid ; Omega ; Ood Salvador Dalile ; "Ma kardan, kas su imet ma ei kaota..." . Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 879

  19. Hemolytic uremic syndrome associated with paraquat intoxication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Ha Nee; Bae, Eun Jin; Hwang, Kyungo; Kang, Yeojin; Yun, Seongeun; Cho, Hyun Seop; Chang, Se-Ho; Park, Dong Jun

    2014-06-01

    We report a case of a 66-year-old patient with paraquat intoxication resulting in the requirement for hemoperfusion, hemodialysis, and plasma exchange. His initial serum paraquat level was 0.24 µg/mL (0.0-0.1 µg/mL). Activated charcoal (50 g) was administered orally, and high-dose N-acetylcysteine (150 mg/kg) was administered intravenously. In addition, immediate 4 h hemoperfusion was also performed for three consecutive days after admission. Hemodialysis was started on the 4th day after admission because of uremia. On the 9th day after admission, laboratory findings demonstrated hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS): microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA), thrombocytopenia, elevated reticulocyte count, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Plasma exchange was performed three times consecutively. Anemia and thrombocytopenia were improved, and LDH was normalized after plasma exchange. Urine output increased to 2240 mL/day on the 18th day after admission, and hemodialysis was discontinued. He is currently being observed at our follow-up clinic without renal impairment or pulmonary dysfunction for 1.5 years since discharge. We should suspect paraquat-associated HUS when thrombocytopenia and anemia are maintained for a long time after paraquat intoxication.

  20. Women Leader Construction Procedure in Isan Culture of Thailand

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    K. Wiwattanapathapi

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Once the social imbalance emerged, to be a leader is an alternative for women to be better off in society. To be success as a leader, a women must depend upon leadership construction procedure and related factors. This thesis aims to study the women leader construction procedure and factors that threatening and encouraging women leader in Isan culture. Analysis subjects were 14 women MP and Senator from Kalasin, Ubon Ratchathani, Maha Sarakham, Sakon Nakhon, Sri Sa Ket and Khon Kaen Provinces. From historical study on women, there was a theoretically argument on ‘women’ issue which was considered to be a critical conceptual movement in the west. It was the fighting against the system that blocks women prospect and attempt to give reasons for the inferior status in society. Contrastingly, the author found that Isan women were not inferior due to the indistinguishable role performed relative to men, especially decision making power at home and outside working. Presenting the studied women history reflects that Isan women leaders need more acceptances, therefore, to be a leader is an alternative to enhance social status and to do so they must depend upon leadership construction procedure and related factors.

  1. Computational analysis on the mechanical interaction between a thrombus and red blood cells: possible causes of membrane damage of red blood cells at microvessels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamada, Hiroki; Imai, Yohsuke; Nakamura, Masanori; Ishikawa, Takuji; Yamaguchi, Takami

    2012-12-01

    Previous studies investigating thrombus formation have not focused on the physical interaction between red blood cells (RBCs) and thrombus, although they have been speculated that some pathological conditions such as microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) stem from interactions between RBCs and thrombi. In this study, we investigated the mechanical influence of RBCs on primary thrombi during hemostasis. We also explored the mechanics and aggravating factors of intravascular hemolysis. Computer simulations of primary thrombogenesis in the presence and the absence of RBCs demonstrated that RBCs are unlikely to affect the thrombus height and coverage, although their presence may change microvessel hemodynamics and platelet transportation to the injured wall. Our results suggest that intravascular hemolysis owing to RBC membrane damage would be promoted by three hemodynamic factors: (1) dispersibility of platelet thrombi, because more frequent spatial thrombus formation decreases the time available for an RBC to recover its shape and enforces more severe deformation; (2) platelet thrombus stiffness, because a stiffer thrombus increases the degree of RBC deformation upon collision; and (3) vessel size and hemocyte density, because a smaller vessel diameter and higher hemocyte density decrease the room for RBCs to escape as they come closer to a thrombus, thereby enhancing thrombus-RBC interactions.

  2. Vikergallup : Eesti kirjandus 2006

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    19 arvustaja vastus küsimusele, milline oli 2006. aasta parim uudisraamat ja debüütteos. Ära nimetati Hasso Krulli luulekogu "Talv", Jan Kausi romaan "Tema", Madis Kõivu "Näidendid I", Jaan Pehki luulekogu "Tuigu kui tuled", Tarmo Tedre romaan "Onanistid", Kristiina Ehini romaan "Pillipuhujanaine ja pommipanijanaine", Marko Kompuse luulekogu "Vallaliste jõgede tõkkejooksja", Mathura luulekogu "Kohalolu", Rein Põdra romaan "Eike", Indrek Ryytle luulekogu "Inglid rokijaamas", Triin Soometsa "Väljas" ja Ervin Õunapuu romaan "Meie igapäevane jää". Debüütteostest mainiti Kaupo Meieli luulekogu "Polügrafisti käsiraamat", Anti Saare romaani "Kuidas sa ära läksid ja mina maha jäin", Andra Teede luulekogu "Takso Tallinna taevas", Maarja Kangro luulekogu "Kurat õrnal lumel", Andrus Elbingu luulekogu "Siin Beebilõust, tere!", Tiina Ilvese juturaamat "Augustihambad", Indrek Koffi luulekogu "Vana laul", Eliina Kortsu luulekogu "Lööklaused murravad metsi", Carolina Pihelga luulekogu "Sõrmemuster" ja Paavo Piigi luulekogu "Kummuli linnad"

  3. Synthesis and evaluation of mutual azo prodrug of 5-aminosalicylic acid linked to 2-phenylbenzoxazole-2-yl-5-acetic acid in ulcerative colitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jilani JA

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Jamal A Jilani,1 Maha Shomaf,2 Karem H Alzoubi3 1Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 2Department of Pathology, Jordan University, Amman, Jordan; 3Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan Abstract: In this study, the syntheses of 4-aminophenylbenzoxazol-2-yl-5-acetic acid, (an analogue of a known nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug [NSAID] and 5-[4-(benzoxazol-2-yl-5-acetic acidphenylazo]-2-hydroxybenzoic acid (a novel mutual azo prodrug of 5-aminosalicylic acid [5-ASA] are reported. The structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed using infrared (IR, hydrogen-1 nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR, and mass spectrometry (MS spectroscopy. Incubation of the azo compound with rat cecal contents demonstrated the susceptibility of the prepared azo prodrug to bacterial azoreductase enzyme. The azo compound and the 4-aminophenylbenzoxazol-2-yl-5-acetic acid were evaluated for inflammatory bowel diseases, in trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNB-induced colitis in rats. The synthesized diazo compound and the 4-aminophenylbenzoxazol-2-yl-5-acetic acid were found to be as effective as 5-aminosalicylic acid for ulcerative colitis. The results of this work suggest that the 4-aminophenylbenzoxazol-2-yl-5-acetic acid may represent a new lead for treatment of ulcerative colitis. Keywords: benzoxazole acetic acid, azo prodrug, colon drug delivery

  4. TRADISI MERARI’ SUKU SASAK DI LOMBOK DALAM PERSPEKTIF HUKUM ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bustami Saladin

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Perkawinan adalah ikatan lahir batin antara seorang priadengan seorang wanita sebagai suami istri untuk membentukkeluarga yang bahagia dan kekal berdasarkan Ketuhanan YangMaha Esa. Ikatan perkawinan merupakan ikatan suci yangberdasarkan nilai-nilai ketuhanan untuk membentuk keluargasakînah, mawaddah dan rahmah. Salah satu adat yang dipegangteguh oleh masyarakat Lombok adalah kawin lari. Dalam adatSasak pernikahan dengan cara kawin lari ini lebih populerdisebut dengan merari’. Oleh karena itu, Merari’ dalam bahasaIndonesia disebut dengan istilah kawin lari. Secaraterminologis, merari’ mengandung dua arti. Pertama, lari ataumelarikan. Ini adalah arti yang sebenarnya. Kedua, keseluruhanpelaksanaan perkawinan menurut adat Sasak. Bagi masyarkatSasak, merari’ berarti mempertahankan harga diri danmenggambarkan sikap kejantanan seorang pria Sasak, karena iaberhasil mengambil (melarikan seorang gadis pujaan hatinya.Meskipun metode kawin lari ini tidak pernah dijelaskan didalam nash (al-Qur`an dan Hadits, tetapi bila ditinjau dariperspektif maqâshid al-syarî’ah, maka stutus hukum pernikahandengan metode kawin lari ini tetap sah. Karena dalamkelangsungan akad nikahnya tetap memenuhi syarat danrukun sebagaimana yang telah disyari’atkan Islam.

  5. Assesment, treatment and prevention of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome

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    Azar Nickavar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS is a heterogeneous group of hemolytic disorders. Different terminologies have been described in HUS, which are as follows: (1 D+ HUS: Presentation with a preceding diarrhea; (2 typical HUS: D+ HUS with a single and self-limited episode; (3 atypical HUS (aHUS: Indicated those with complement dysregulation; (4 recurrent HUS: Recurrent episodes of thrombocytopenia and/or microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA after improvement of hematologic abnormalities; and (5 familial HUS: Necessary to distinct synchronous outbreaks of D+ HUS in family members and asynchronous disease with an inherited risk factor. aHUS is one of the potential causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD in children. It has a high recurrence after renal transplantation in some genetic forms. Therefore, recognition of the responsible mechanism and proper prophylactic treatment are recommended to prevent or delay the occurrence of ESRD and prolong the length of survival of the transplanted kidney. A computerized search of MEDLINE and other databases was carried out to find the latest results in pathogenesis, treatment, and prevention of aHUS.

  6. The biological impacts of ingested radioactive materials on the pale grass blue butterfly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nohara, Chiyo; Hiyama, Atsuki; Taira, Wataru; Tanahara, Akira; Otaki, Joji M

    2014-05-15

    A massive amount of radioactive materials has been released into the environment by the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, but its biological impacts have rarely been examined. Here, we have quantitatively evaluated the relationship between the dose of ingested radioactive cesium and mortality and abnormality rates using the pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha. When larvae from Okinawa, which is likely the least polluted locality in Japan, were fed leaves collected from polluted localities, mortality and abnormality rates increased sharply at low doses in response to the ingested cesium dose. This dose-response relationship was best fitted by power function models, which indicated that the half lethal and abnormal doses were 1.9 and 0.76 Bq per larva, corresponding to 54,000 and 22,000 Bq per kilogram body weight, respectively. Both the retention of radioactive cesium in a pupa relative to the ingested dose throughout the larval stage and the accumulation of radioactive cesium in a pupa relative to the activity concentration in a diet were highest at the lowest level of cesium ingested. We conclude that the risk of ingesting a polluted diet is realistic, at least for this butterfly, and likely for certain other organisms living in the polluted area.

  7. Development process for integrated water resources management plan under a bottom-up participation perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kittiwet Kuntiyawichai

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the development process for the integrated water resources management and development plan of Maha Sarakham Province by considering the priority and urgency of water problem issues. Gathering feedback from stakeholders and prioritizing water management and development projects are also taken into consideration. In view of integrated plans, the project is classified into short-, medium- and long-term plans with the project duration of 2 years, 3 years and 5 years, respectively. In this case, the plans can be categorized into proposed provincial and local plans. Firstly, the comprehensive provincial plans can be divided into 2 groups, i.e. district plans with the total number of 532 plans, which comprise of 505 projects for coping with drought and 27 projects for flood mitigation, and provincial plans from 13 agencies with the amount of 513 projects, which include 396 projects and 117 projects for dealing with drought and flood, respectively. Secondly, there are 4,099 of local plans to be put in place, in which 3,973 projects and 126 projects are proposed to handle drought and flood problems, respectively. From the analysis, it is found that if all planned drought relief projects are implemented, the water demand for domestic and agricultural needs could be covered by 96% and 51%, respectively. In case of the entire proposed flood alleviation projects are executed, 29% of the total flood prone areas can be effectively protected.

  8. Jevgeni Onegin. Proloog : [luuletused] / Aleksandr Puškin ; tlk. Betti Alver, August Sang, Paul-Eerik Rummo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puškin, Aleksandr

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Jevgeni Onegin. Proloog ; Tshaadajevile ; Uuestisünd ; "Ju päeva viimne valgus suri..." ; "Ju õhtus aeglaselt kaob kerge pilveviir..." ; Muusa ; Kümnes käsk ; Vang ; "Kes, lained, peatas teie hoo..." ; "Kui lootusrikkalt siis jääks maha maine ring..." ; Deemon ; Eluvanker ; Merele ; Kuulsuse ihaldus ; A. P. Kernile ; Talveõhtu ; Pihtimus ; Hoidjale ; "Mind valdab õnn, kui selja taha jätta..." ; Talvine tee ; "Ööhämarus on juudionnis..." ; "All kaevandeis, kus lasub öö..." ; "Maailma laias, kurvas stepis toovad..." ; Arion ; Poeet ; "Kesk ülikuid poeedi hooleks..." ; 19. oktoobril 1827 ; Talisman ; Sõpradele ; "Veel puhuvad jahedad tuuled..." ; Eelaimus ; Lill ; Ended ; "On talv. Mis teha maal? Ma pärin teenrilt aru..." ; Talvehommik ; "Kui viibin pühakoja pingis..." ; "Mu nimest sinule mis jääb? ; Poeedile ; Eleegia ; Värsid, mis loodud unetul ööl ; Mustlased ; "Ei hinda kalliks ma bakhandi noore hoogu..." ; Kaja ; "Ei endist rõõmu tunne hing..." ; Kaunitar ; "Peas hoidku jumal mõistus mul..." ; Ööbik ; "...Käisin jällegi..." ; "Ausamba rajasin ma endal̀ eluaegu..." ; Jevgeni Onegin XLIX, L, LI : katkendid värssromaanist. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 517

  9. PELATIHAN KREATIFITAS CAT SEMPROT SEBAGAI MEDIA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PEMAHAMAN KESENIRUPAAN SISWA SMUN 96 JAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heru Budi Kusuma

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 17 Tahun 2010 tentang Pengelolaan dan Penyelenggaraan Pendidikan, menyatakan bahwa Penyelenggaraan Pendidikan bertujuan membangun landasan bagi berkembangnya potensi peserta didik agar menjadi manusia yang: beriman dan bertakwa kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, berakhlak mulia, dan berkepribadian luhur; berilmu, cakap, kritis, kreatif, dan inovatif; sehat, mandiri, dan percaya diri; dan toleran, peka sosial, demokratis, dan bertanggung jawab. Pengembangan potensi peserta didik sebagaimana yang dimaksud PP diatas, dapat diwujudkan melalui kegiatan ekstrakurikuler. Pengertian Ekstrakurikuler adalah merupakan kegiatan diluar jam pelajaran terjadwal yang bertujuan untuk memperluas pengetahuan, menyalurkan bakat dan minat siswa. Kegiatan ekstrakurikuler menjembatani kebutuhan perkembangan peserta didik yang berbeda, seperti perbedaan sense, sikap, kemampuan, daya inovasi, dan tingkat kreativitas. Pengelolaan pengabdian masyarakat difasilitasi oleh Lembaga Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat dan Ventura (LPKMV Universitas Tarumanagara. Melalui lembaga ini, dosen, dan mahasiswa berkewajiban untuk membantu dan mendukung kegiatan pembangunan, pemberdayaan, serta pengembangan potensi yang diprogramkan oleh masyarakat. Masyarakat sasaran dalam kegiatan ini adalah murid SMUN 96 Jakarta. Materi yang diberikan adalah kegiatan menggambar dengan menggunakan media cat semprot. Metode pelaksanannya diawali dengan penelusuran minat siswa melalui Wakil Kepala Sekolah Bidang Ekstrakurikuler untuk menawarkan program kegiatan ini dan mendata siswa yang berminat untuk mengikuti kegiatan. Selanjutnya, siswa dan guru kami undang ke Kampus dan melaksanakan seluruh rangkaian di Kampus, mulai dari pengenalan material dan peralatan, metode membuat karya dan praktek membuat karya. Kegiatan diakhiri dengan presentasi hasil karya siswa dengan membuat gambar dengan media cat semprot.

  10. Improvement of baby corn yield by using green manure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chutichudet, P.

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Suitable rates of compost and chemical fertilizers to improve baby corn yield have been reported ; information on an appropriate type of green manure to increase its yield is rather limited. Use of green manure showed from a farmer with a practicable method in actual fields, which is not expensive and can be adjusted to the physical and chemical characteristics of soil. Therefore , the major objective of this experiment was to find a way to improve the yield of baby corn through the use of five types of green manure treatments and control, comprising no green manure (control, mung bean (Vigna radiata L., hyacinth bean (Lablab purpureus L., sword bean (Canavaria ensiformis L., copwea (Vigna unguiculata L. and sesbania (Sesbania rostrata Brem.. The treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with four replications on June 2000, tested at the experimental field of Agricultural Technology Department, Technology Faculty, Mahasarakham University, Kantharawichai District, Maha Sarakham Province. The results indicated that sesbania used as green manure resulted in a fresh weight content higher than the others, and promoted plant height, plant diameter, leaf area, ear number / plant, yield both before and after peeling / rai, ear weight both before and after peeling / ear, ear diameter after peeling and standard yield content / rai consequently. In addition, the ear color after peeling was satisfactory for consumers. Yield contents / rai grown on the other sources of green manures were significantly lower (P < 0.01

  11. Saudi dental students’ opinions on the qualities and attributes of an effective dental teacher

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Al-Jobair AM

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Asma M Al-Jobair, Maha A AlSarheed Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Objective: To evaluate Saudi dental students’ opinions on the qualities and attributes of an effective dental teacher.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March and May 2014 at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to all students enrolled in the 2013/2014 academic year. The questionnaire contained 43 items regarding students’ opinions on the qualities and attributes of a good dental teacher. The attributes were grouped into two main categories: performance and personality. Mean and standard deviations were calculated for each item and then for the whole category. Performance and personality were compared between male and female students and between junior and senior students using Mann–Whitney U test.Results: Four hundred and seventy-seven questionnaires were completed, representing a response rate of 79%. Performance attributes were significantly more important than personality attributes to Saudi dental students (P<0.001. Perceptions of performance and personality attributes did not differ between male and female students; however, junior students put more emphasis on personality attributes than senior students.Conclusion: Saudi dental students consider performance attributes more important than personality attributes for their successful learning. Teachers’ educational skills are valued more than the attributes, which do not connect directly to students’ learning process. Keywords: perceptions, dental students, characteristics, dental teacher

  12. Loomingu Raamatukogu aasta 1995 / Holger Kaints

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaints, Holger, 1957-

    1996-01-01

    Järg: 29. märts 1996, lk. 15. Rets. rmt.: Jerzy Kosinski 'Kirgas lind' (nr.18-20); Yasar Kemali 'Madu maha tappa!' (nr.24); Lisa St. Aubin de Terani 'Koja valvurid' (nr.15-17); Gabriel Garcia Marquezi 'Väljakuulutatud mõrva kroonika' (nr.11/12); Arthur Koestleri 'Keskpäevapimedus' (nr.31-34) ja 'Pühendatud' (nr.5); Heinrich Bölli 'Katharina Blumi kaotatud au' (nr.22/23); Marina Palei 'Ringkanali Cabiria' (nr.14); Graham Greene'i 'Armastusloo lõpp' (nr.25-27); Henry Jamesi 'Asperni kirjad' (nr.37/38); Truman Capote'i 'Sünnipäevalapsed' (nr.8/9); Antonio Tabucchi 'Taevarand' (nr.21); Michael Bullocki 'Kaev ja teisi jutte' (nr.3); Henry Milleri 'Naeratus redeli jalamil' (nr.10); Arto Paasilinna 'Jänese aasta' (nr.28-30); Kahlil Gibrani 'Prohvet' (nr.4); Rainer Maria Rilke 'Kirjad noorele luuletajale (nr.13); Jaan Kaplinski 'Jää ja Titanic' (nr.6/7); Rein Saluri 'Tobukesed' (nr.36); Kaksteist Eesti kirja (nr.1/2); Hermann Hesse 'Fantaasiad' (nr.35); Herman Lindqvisti 'Üks Euroopa puha' (nr.39/40)

  13. Jevgeni Onegin. Proloog : [luuletused] / Aleksandr Puškin ; tlk. Betti Alver, August Sang, Paul-Eerik Rummo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Puškin, Aleksandr

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Jevgeni Onegin. Proloog ; Tshaadajevile ; Uuestisünd ; "Ju päeva viimne valgus suri..." ; "Ju õhtus aeglaselt kaob kerge pilveviir..." ; Muusa ; Kümnes käsk ; Vang ; "Kes, lained, peatas teie hoo..." ; "Kui lootusrikkalt siis jääks maha maine ring..." ; Deemon ; Eluvanker ; Merele ; Kuulsuse ihaldus ; A. P. Kernile ; Talveõhtu ; Pihtimus ; Hoidjale ; "Mind valdab õnn, kui selja taha jätta..." ; Talvine tee ; "Ööhämarus on juudionnis..." ; "All kaevandeis, kus lasub öö..." ; "Maailma laias, kurvas stepis toovad..." ; Arion ; Poeet ; "Kesk ülikuid poeedi hooleks..." ; 19. oktoobril 1827 ; Talisman ; Sõpradele ; "Veel puhuvad jahedad tuuled..." ; Eelaimus ; Lill ; Ended ; "On talv. Mis teha maal? Ma pärin teenrilt aru..." ; Talvehommik ; "Kui viibin pühakoja pingis..." ; "Mu nimest sinule mis jääb? ; Poeedile ; Eleegia ; Värsid, mis loodud unetul ööl ; Mustlased ; "Ei hinda kalliks ma bakhandi noore hoogu..." ; Kaja ; "Ei endist rõõmu tunne hing..." ; Kaunitar ; "Peas hoidku jumal mõistus mul..." ; Ööbik ; "...Käisin jällegi..." ; "Ausamba rajasin ma endal̀ eluaegu..." ; Jevgeni Onegin XLIX, L, LI : katkendid värssromaanist. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 517

  14. Loomingu Raamatukogu aasta 1995 / Holger Kaints

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaints, Holger, 1957-

    1996-01-01

    Järg: 29. märts 1996, lk. 15. Rets. rmt.: Jerzy Kosinski 'Kirgas lind' (nr.18-20); Yasar Kemali 'Madu maha tappa!' (nr.24); Lisa St. Aubin de Terani 'Koja valvurid' (nr.15-17); Gabriel Garcia Marquezi 'Väljakuulutatud mõrva kroonika' (nr.11/12); Arthur Koestleri 'Keskpäevapimedus' (nr.31-34) ja 'Pühendatud' (nr.5); Heinrich Bölli 'Katharina Blumi kaotatud au' (nr.22/23); Marina Palei 'Ringkanali Cabiria' (nr.14); Graham Greene'i 'Armastusloo lõpp' (nr.25-27); Henry Jamesi 'Asperni kirjad' (nr.37/38); Truman Capote'i 'Sünnipäevalapsed' (nr.8/9); Antonio Tabucchi 'Taevarand' (nr.21); Michael Bullocki 'Kaev ja teisi jutte' (nr.3); Henry Milleri 'Naeratus redeli jalamil' (nr.10); Arto Paasilinna 'Jänese aasta' (nr.28-30); Kahlil Gibrani 'Prohvet' (nr.4); Rainer Maria Rilke 'Kirjad noorele luuletajale (nr.13); Jaan Kaplinski 'Jää ja Titanic' (nr.6/7); Rein Saluri 'Tobukesed' (nr.36); Kaksteist Eesti kirja (nr.1/2); Hermann Hesse 'Fantaasiad' (nr.35); Herman Lindqvisti 'Üks Euroopa puha' (nr.39/40)

  15. The biological impacts of ingested radioactive materials on the pale grass blue butterfly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nohara, Chiyo; Hiyama, Atsuki; Taira, Wataru; Tanahara, Akira; Otaki, Joji M.

    2014-05-01

    A massive amount of radioactive materials has been released into the environment by the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, but its biological impacts have rarely been examined. Here, we have quantitatively evaluated the relationship between the dose of ingested radioactive cesium and mortality and abnormality rates using the pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha. When larvae from Okinawa, which is likely the least polluted locality in Japan, were fed leaves collected from polluted localities, mortality and abnormality rates increased sharply at low doses in response to the ingested cesium dose. This dose-response relationship was best fitted by power function models, which indicated that the half lethal and abnormal doses were 1.9 and 0.76 Bq per larva, corresponding to 54,000 and 22,000 Bq per kilogram body weight, respectively. Both the retention of radioactive cesium in a pupa relative to the ingested dose throughout the larval stage and the accumulation of radioactive cesium in a pupa relative to the activity concentration in a diet were highest at the lowest level of cesium ingested. We conclude that the risk of ingesting a polluted diet is realistic, at least for this butterfly, and likely for certain other organisms living in the polluted area.

  16. Fukushima's biological impacts: the case of the pale grass blue butterfly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taira, Wataru; Nohara, Chiyo; Hiyama, Atsuki; Otaki, Joji M

    2014-01-01

    To evaluate the effects of the Fukushima nuclear accident on the surrounding area, we studied the pale grass blue butterfly Zizeeria maha, the most common butterfly in Japan. We here review our important findings and their implications. We found forewing size reduction, growth retardation, high mortality rates, and high abnormality rates in the field and reared samples. The abnormality rates observed in September 2011 were higher than those observed in May 2011 in almost all localities, implying transgenerational accumulation of genetic damage. Some of the abnormal traits in the F1 generation were inherited by the F2 generation. In a particular cross, the F2 abnormality rate scored 57%. The forewing size reduction and high mortality and abnormality rates were reproduced in external and internal exposure experiments conducted in our laboratory using Okinawa larvae. We observed the possible real-time evolution of radiation resistance in the Fukushima butterflies, which, in retrospect, indicates that field sampling attempts at the very early stages of such accidents are required to understand the ecodynamics of polluted regions. We propose, as the postulates of pollutant-induced biological impacts, that the collection of phenotypic data from the field and their relevant reproduction in the laboratory should be the basis of experimental design to demonstrate the biological effects of environmental pollutants and to investigate the molecular mechanisms responsible for these effects.

  17. عبيدة بن الحارث وقصيدته الشُجاعة في غزوة بدر الكبرى: دراسة وتحليلا

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Ghazali Salim

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Perang Badar adalah perang yang sangat bersejarah, dalam perang tesebut baginda Rasul saw merasa kagum saat menyaksikan secara langsung bagaimana kepatuhan, kesabaran, kebersatuan dan ketangkasan para sahabatsahabatnya berlaga di medan Badar. Rasa kagum beliau bertambah tatkala mendengar bait-bait syair terucap dari mulut ‘Ubaidah bin Harits kakak sepupu Nabi saw sendiri yang terkapar bersimbah darah dengan betis tertebas saat berhadapan dengan Syaibah bin Rai’ah pada saat perang tanding. Dalam artikel ini penulis mencoba melakukan studi dan analisis ( ( الدراسة والتحليل terhadap bait-bait syair yang terucap secara spontanitas sebagai sebuah refleksi dari seorang ‘Ubaidah bin Harits yang telah mempersembahkan sesuatu yang termahal yang ada pada dirinya yaitu nyawa dengan harapan mendapat balasan dari Allah swt yang maha agung yaitu syurga tempat kebahagiaan abadi di akhirat nanti. Namun sebelum masuk ke studi dan analisis, penulis terlebih dahulu menjelaskan biografi sang penyair, konteks qashidah ( ⁄ جو مناسبة القصيدة النص , arti kata ( معاني المفردات , dan kemudian arti dan maksud bait-bait syair ( معاني الأبيات . Pada bagian penutup penulis menyimpulkan dengan menjelaskan hikmah dan refleksi dari peristiwa besar tersebut.

  18. PENGEMBANGAN EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE DALAM PEMBELAJARAN EKONOMI DI SMK UNTUK MEMPERSIAPKAN PESERTA DIDIK DALAM MENGHADAPI TANTANGAN KERJA DI ERA GLOBALISASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Oktarina

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Kemajuan suatu bangsa sangat ditentukan oleh kualitas sumber daya manusianya. Kualitas sumber daya manusia tergantung pada kualitas pendidikan. Peran pendidikan sangat penting untuk menciptakan masyarakat yang cerdas, terbuka dan demokratis. Tujuan dari Pendidikan Nasional adalah mencerdaskan kehidupan bangsa dan mengembangkan manusia Indonesia seutuhnya yaitu manusia yang beriman dan bertaqwa kepada kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa dan berbudi pekerti luhur, memiliki pengetahuan dan keterampilan, kesehatan jasmani dan rohani, kepribadian yang mantap dan mandiri serta memiliki rasa tanggungjawab kemasyarakatan dan kebangsaan. Dalam rangka membantu peserta didik guna mengikuti perkembangan iptek dan menjawab tantangan di masa depan, Kurikulum Berbasis Kompetensi (KBK telah dikeluarkan oleh Departemen Pendidikan Nasional sebagai upaya untuk meningkatkan kualitas pendidikan. Pelaksanaan KBK menuntut guru untuk lebih inovatif dalam proses pembelajaran siswa, pembelajaran tidak lagi berpusat pada guru akan tetapi berpusat pada siswa. Seperti halnya dalam pembelajaran ekonomi di SMK siswa tidak lagi menjadi pihak yang pasif menerima materi tetapi aktif dalam PBM. Sehingga siswa tidak hanya paham terhadap materi pelajaran akan tetapi juga dapat menghubungkannya dengan kondisi  yang ada di masyarakat. Untuk itu  pengembangan Emotional Intelligence (EI dalam pembelajaran ekonomi di SMK dapat dijadikan sebagai suatu alternatif dalam proses pembelajaran untuk mempersiapkan siswa dalam menghadapi tantangan kerja di masa depan. Pengembangan Emotional Intelligence diperlukan supaya siswa memiliki kecakapan hidup (life skill. Kata kunci : emotional intelligence, peserta didik, life skill

  19. Predicting and Monitoring Drought for a Rice Cultivation Season in the Humid Tropics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernando, D. N.; Robinson, D. A.

    2010-12-01

    The study presents an operational tool for predicting and monitoring drought applicable to the humid tropics. Using Sri Lanka as a case example, it examines the operational predictability of drought and investigates how moisture stress could be monitored as a season unfurls. Drought occurs frequently in Sri Lanka when rainfall associated with the main cultivation season - the Maha (October to March) - fails. During the period 1951-2008, there were 4 extreme [Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) seasonal droughts can be predicted on an operational basis by predicting the failure of the two rainfall regimes that supply moisture during the season. The contemporaneous westerly zonal wind at 850hPa (U850) over the domain 60°E-105°E and 5°S-15°N controls the strength of the October-November convective rainfall season - with failure of the season associated with anomalously strong U850. The contemporaneous northerly vertical shear of the mean meridional wind (Vs) in the domain 80°E-90°E and 0°N-20°N controls the strength of the December-February northeast monsoon season - with failure of the season associated with an anomalously weak Vs. Drought forecast skill was assessed for the period 1981-2002 using predicted fields of U850 issued in September, and Vs, issued in November from three Global Climate Model ensembles - i.e. the fully coupled Climate Forecast System of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP_CFS); the ECHAM4.5 forced with persisted sea surface temperature anomalies (ECHAM4.5_PSST) and the ECMAM4.5 forced with constructed analogues of sea surface temperature anomalies (ECHAM4.5_CA). The failure of October-November rainfall can be predicted with good skill over the rice cultivation regions in the central and southeastern parts of Sri Lanka using predicted fields of U850 generated from the two versions of the ECHAM4.5. The failure of December-February rainfall can be predicted with good skill in the rice cultivation regions in the

  20. 泰国—老挝呵叻高原钾盐矿床研究现状及展望%Recent Status and Prospects on Potash Deposits on Thailand-Laos Khorat Plateau

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张西营; 马海州; 韩元红

    2012-01-01

    The Maha Sarakham Formation potash deposit on Thailand-Laos Khorat Plateau is one of the largest potash deposits in the world. Comprehensive studies show that the formation formed in late Cretaceous and was de- rived from seawater. Probably the formation formed in a continental setting and was a set of the "seawater-derived but terrestrial" deposits. The water-rock/sah reactions happened not only during sedimentary process but also after post-deposition. The post-depositional potash deposits were often reworked by these reactions. Occurrence of tachy- hydrite is one of the characteristics of "abnormal evaporites" in this area and the formation of the mineral probably was related to the metamorphism of Cretaceous seawater. The forming mechanism of tachyhydrite can not be well understood until today. The relationship between Menyejing formation in Lanping-Simao Basin and Maha Sarakham Formation on Khorat Plateau. is very close and there are some common characteristics in two formations. But there has been much controversial in some problems such as age, comparison of salt-forming periods, etc. Finally, ai- ming at the future studies of potash deposits in this area, some new ideas and methods are put forward.%泰国—老挝境内的呵叻高原马哈萨拉堪组钾盐矿床是世界上最大的钾盐矿床之一。综合研究表明,马哈萨拉堪组赋钾蒸发岩形成于晚白垩世,其成盐物质来自海水。该含盐建造很可能形成于陆相环境中,为"海源陆相"沉积。在蒸发岩沉积过程中及沉积后,一直伴随着水—岩(盐)作用的发生,钾盐沉积之后往往受到该作用的改造。溢晶石的出现是该地区"异常"蒸发岩的表现特征之一,它的形成很可能与海水的变质作用有关,但其形成机制尚未得到合理解释。兰坪—思茅盆地勐野井组与呵叻高原马哈萨拉堪组联系密切且具有共同之处,但二者在时代、成盐期次对比等问题上存在较

  1. A comparative study on the efficacy of four anthelmintics on some important reindeer parasites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnus Nordkvist

    1983-05-01

    signifikant. Mot hjårnmask noterades mycket hôg effekt av Mebendazole och aven Fenbendazole medan Ivermectin hade något såmre effekt med den valda doseringen. Fenthion hade ingen effekt på denna parasit. Mot lungmask visade Fenbendazole och Ivermectin god effekt medan Mebendazole visade något lagre effekt. Inget av preparaten hade dock fullgod verkan på de vilande inaktiva 5:te stadiets larverna av denna parasit. Fenthion hade ingen effekt. Mot mag-tarmnematoder var Fenbendazole och Ivermectin 100% effektiva medan Mebendazole hade en något làgre, delvis undertryckande effekt. Fenthion hade ingen effekt. Ivermectin får anses vara det allmånt sett effektivaste maskmedlet i denna undersokning.Vertailevatutkielma neljan loislaakeaineen vaikutuksesta muutamia tarkeita porojen loisia vastaan.Abstract in Finnish / Yhteenveto: On kokeiltu neljaa loislaakeainetta muutamia porojen tarkeinpia loisia vastaan, nimittain kurmua (Oedemagena tarandi, saulakkaa (Cephenemyia trompe, aivomatoa (Elaphostrongylus rangiferi ja keuhkomatoa (Dictyocaulus viviparus. Edelleen on laakeaineiden vaikutus maha- ja suolistomatoihin (Trichostrongyliidit myoskin pantu merkille. Kokeillut laakeaineet olivat Fenthion (Bayer, Mebendazole (Leo/Janssen, Fenbendazole (Hoechst ja Ivermectin (Merck - Sharp and Dohme. Kurmua ja saulakkaa vastaan oli Ivermectin 100% tehokas, kun taas Fenthionin vaikutus oli toisessa 86 ja toisessa 100%. Fen- ja Mebendazolen vaikutus molempia loisia vastaan ei ollut merkittava. Mebendazolen ja myos Fenbendazolen vaikutus aivomatoa vastaan havaittiin hyvin korkeaksi, kun taas Ivermectinilla oli jonkin verran huonompi vaikutus valitulla annostuksella. Fenthionilla ei ollut mitaan vaikutusta tata loista vastaan. Keuhkomatoa vastaan osoitti Fenbendazole ja Ivermectin hyvan vaikutuksen, kun taas Mebendazolella oli jonkin verran heikompi vaikutus. Kuitenkaan ei millaan laakevalmisteista ollut taystehokasta vaikutusta taman loisen lepaaviin tehottomiin 5:asteen toukkiin

  2. Efficacy and safety of Curcuma domestica extracts compared with ibuprofen in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a multicenter study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuptniratsaikul V

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Vilai Kuptniratsaikul,1 Piyapat Dajpratham,1 Wirat Taechaarpornkul,2 Montana Buntragulpoontawee,3 Pranee Lukkanapichonchut,4 Chirawan Chootip,5 Jittima Saengsuwan,6 Kesthamrong Tantayakom,7 Supphalak Laongpech8 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; 2Sirindhorn National Medical Rehabilitation Center, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand; 3Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; 4Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Ratchaburi Hospital, Ministry of Public Health, Ratchaburi, Thailand; 5Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Songkhla Hospital, Ministry of Public Health, Songkhla, Thailand; 6Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand; 7Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Rajvithi Hospital, Ministry of Public Health, Bangkok, Thailand; 8Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Vachira Phuket Hospital, Ministry of Public Health, Phuket, Thailand Objective: To determine the efficacy and safety of Curcuma domestica extracts in pain reduction and functional improvement. Methods: 367 primary knee osteoarthritis patients with a pain score of 5 or higher were randomized to receive ibuprofen 1,200 mg/day or C. domestica extracts 1,500 mg/day for 4 weeks. The main outcomes were Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC total, WOMAC pain, WOMAC stiffness, and WOMAC function scores. Adverse events (AEs were also recorded. Results: 185 and 182 patients were randomly assigned into C. domestica extracts and ibuprofen groups, respectively. The baseline characteristics were no different between groups. The mean of all WOMAC scores at weeks 0, 2, and 4 showed significant improvement when compared with the baseline in both groups. After using the noninferiority test, the mean difference (95% confidence interval of WOMAC total

  3. Buddhist Philosophy: A Study of Buddha Images for Perpetuating Buddhism in Isan Society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thidarat Duangsin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Buddha image is a symbol which built for representing the Buddha. At present, the majority of people always misinterpret and misevaluate the real value of Buddha image. As a matter of fact, Buddha image enhances social solidarity and social networks of Northeast-Thai people. Appreciating value of Buddha image is necessary for next generation so a study of Buddhist Philosophy towards Buddha images and current problems concerning interpretation and evaluation is a serious study. This research aimed at investigating a body of knowledge of Buddhist Philosophy towards Buddha image and current problems concerning interpretation and evaluation of Buddha image according to Buddhist Philosophy. Approach: Research areas were Ubon Ratchathani Province, Yasothon Province and Maha Sarakham Province. A sample of 116 people consisted of a group of key informants, a group of casual informants and a group of general informants. Research instruments were an observation, a survey, an interview and a focus group interview. Research data were examined by means of a triangulation technique and research results were presented by means of a descriptive analysis. Results: Buddha images reflect Buddhist philosophy towards 7 postures of the Buddha, they are a Buddha image in a posture of overcoming temptations (Pang Mara Wichai, in a posture of sitting under the protection of the hood of the mythical serpent (Pang Nak Prok, in a posture of sitting in meditation (Pang Samati, in a posture of giving a sermon (Pang Prathan Porn, in a posture of sitting with an aureole around the body (Pang Ruean Kaew and in a posture of displaying the Twin Miracles (Pang Yamok Patihan. A main current problem is people are more interested in the miracle power of Buddha image than the practice according to Buddhist Philosophy which conceals in it. Conclusion/Recommendation: Research result reveals the value of Buddhist Philosophy which conceals in Buddha image and point to

  4. The generation and evaluation of recombinant human IgA specific for Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein 1-19 (PfMSP119

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corran Patrick H

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Human immunoglobulin G (IgG plays an important role in mediating protective immune responses to malaria. Although human serum immunoglobulin A (IgA is the second most abundant class of antibody in the circulation, its contribution, if any, to protective responses against malaria is not clear. Results To explore the mechanism(s by which IgA may mediate a protective effect, we generated fully human IgA specific for the C-terminal 19-kDa region of Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein 1 (PfMSP119, a major target of protective immune responses. This novel human IgA bound antigen with an affinity comparable to that seen for an epitope-matched protective human IgG1. Furthermore, the human IgA induced significantly higher NADPH-mediated oxidative bursts and degranulation from human neutrophils than the epitope-matched human IgG1 from which it was derived. Despite showing efficacy in in vitro functional assays, the human IgA failed to protect against parasite challenge in vivo in mice transgenic for the human Fcα receptor (FcαRI/CD89. A minority of the animals treated with IgA, irrespective of FcαRI expression, showed elevated serum TNF-α levels and concomitant mouse anti-human antibody (MAHA responses. Conclusions The lack of protection afforded by MSP119-specific IgA against parasite challenge in mice transgenic for human FcαRI suggests that this antibody class does not play a major role in control of infection. However, we cannot exclude the possibility that protective capacity may have been compromised in this model due to rapid clearance and inappropriate bio-distribution of IgA, and differences in FcαRI expression profile between humans and transgenic mice.

  5. Pelagic ecology of the South West Indian Ocean Ridge seamounts: Introduction and overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, A. D.

    2017-02-01

    The Indian Ocean was described by Behrman (1981) as the "Forlorn Ocean", a region neglected by science up to the late-1950s. For example, the Challenger Expedition from 1872 to 1876 largely avoided the Indian Ocean, sailing from Cape Town into Antarctic waters sampling around the Prince Edward Islands, Kerguelen Island and Crozet Islands before heading to Melbourne. From 1876 to the 1950s there were expeditions on several vessels including the Valdivia, Gauss and Planet (Germany), the Snellius (Netherlands), Discovery II, MahaBiss (United Kingdom), Albatross (Sweden), Dana and Galathea (Denmark; Behrman, 1981). There was no coordination between these efforts and overall the Indian Ocean, especially the deep sea remained perhaps the most poorly explored of the world's oceans. This situation was largely behind the multilateral effort represented by the International Indian Ocean Expedition (IIEO), which was coordinated by the Scientific Committee for Ocean Research (SCOR), and which ran from 1959-1965. Work during this expedition focused on the Arabian Sea, the area to the northwest of Australia and the waters over the continental shelves and slopes of coastal states in the region. Subsequently several large-scale international oceanographic programmes have included significant components in the Indian Ocean, including the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS) and the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE). These studies were focused on physical oceanographic measurements and biogeochemistry and whilst the Indian Ocean is still less understood than other large oceans it is now integrated into the major ocean observation systems (Talley et al., 2011). This cannot be said for many aspects of the biology of the region, despite the fact that the Indian Ocean is one of the places where exploitation of marine living resources is still growing (FAO, 2016). The biology of the deep Indian Ocean outside of the Arabian Sea is particularly poorly understood given the presence

  6. Color-pattern evolution in response to environmental stress in butterflies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atsuki eHiyama

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available It is generally accepted that butterfly wing color patterns have ecological and behavioral functions that evolved through natural selection. However, particular wing color patterns may physiologically be produced in response to environmental stress without significant function. These patterns would represent an extreme expression of phenotypic plasticity and can eventually be fixed genetically in a population. Here, three such cases in butterflies are concisely reviewed and their possible mechanisms of genetic assimilation are discussed. First, certain modified color pattern of Vanessa indica induced by temperature treatments resembles the natural color patterns of its closely related species of the genus Vanessa (sensu stricto. Second, a different type of color-pattern modification can be induced in Vanessa cardui as a result of a general stress response, which is very similar to the natural color pattern of its sister species Vanessa kershawi. Third, a field observation was reported, together with experimental support, to show that the color-pattern diversity of a regional population of Zizeeria maha increased at the northern range margin of this species in response to temperature stress. In these three cases, modified color patterns are unlikely to have significant functions, and these cases suggest that phenotypic plasticity plays an important role in butterfly wing color-pattern evolution. A neutral or non-functional trait can be assimilated genetically if it is linked, like a parasitic trait, with another functional trait. In addition, it is possible that environmental stress causes epigenetic modifications of genes related to color patterns and that their transgenerational inheritance facilitates the process of genetic assimilation of a neutral or non-functional trait.

  7. Assessment of Variable Planting Date as an Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Variability in Sri Lanka

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera, A.; Gunda, T.; Hornberger, G. M.

    2016-12-01

    Agriculture accounts for approximately 70% of global freshwater withdrawals. Changes in precipitation patterns due to climate change as well as increasing demands for water necessitate an increased understanding of the water-­food intersection, notably at a local scale to inform farmer adaptations to improve water productivity, i.e., to get more food with less water. Local assessments of water-food security are particularly important for nations with self-sufficiency policies, which prioritize in-country production of certain resources. An ideal case study is the small island nation of Sri Lanka, which has a self-sufficiency policy for its staple food of rice. Because rice is a water-intensive crop, assessment of irrigation water requirements (IWRs) and the associated changes over time is especially important. Previous studies on IWRs of rice in Sri Lanka have failed to consider the Yala (dry) season, when water is scarcest.The goal of this study is to characterize the role that a human decision, setting the planting date, can play in buffering declines in rice yield against changes in precipitation patterns. Using four meteorological stations in the main rice-growing zones in Sri Lanka, we explore (1) general changes in IWRs over time during the Yala season and (2) the impact of the rice planting date. We use both historical data from meteorological stations as well as future projections from regional climate models. Our results indicate that gains can be achieved using a variable planting date relative to a fixed date, in accordance with a similar conclusion for the Maha (wet) season. This local scale assessment of Sri Lanka IWRs will contribute to the growing global literature on the impacts of water scarcity on agriculture and the role that one adaptation measure can play in mitigating deleterious impacts.

  8. Forecasting Temporal and Spatial Climatological Influence for Land Suitability Evaluation in Bentota Sri Lanka

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    Gayani Ranasinghe

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Climate change has raised much concern regarding its impacts on future land use planning, varying by region, time, and socio-economic development path. The principle purpose of land suitability evaluation is to predict the potential and limitation of the land for crop production and other land uses. This study was carried out to predict the temperature and rainfall trends as one of the major factor for evaluating land suitability. Climatic data such as monthly mean temperature, total monthly rainfall, maximum daily rainfall and total annual rainfall during last 30 years of all weather stations located in Bentota River basin was collected and analyzed applying time series analysis, correlation analysis and Manna Kendall trend test methods. Spatial distribution of forecast rainfall values was illustrated applying Arc GIS software. The findings revealed that monthly mean temperature and maximum daily rainfall had a general increasing trend whereas, total monthly rainfall and total annual rainfall showed a general decreasing trend in  Bentota area. It was indicated relatively high rainfall situations during May and October while low rainfall situations during January and February by occurring flood situation in once per five year. During Yala season the area will be received comparatively more rainfall (331mm than Maha season (300mm in future. Community and the farmers in this area can be aware about the anticipated spatial distribution of total monthly rainfall during two major seasons and flood occurrence periods. Decision makers should evaluate land suitability of Bentota area by considering above climatological influences and its spatial distribution pattern that identified as major outcome of this research. The approach and the methodology adopted in this study will be useful for other researchers, agriculturalist and planners to identify the future climatological influences and its spatial distribution pattern for land suitability evaluations

  9. Modified relaxation technique for treating hypertension in Thai postmenopausal women

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    Saensak S

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Suprawita Saensak,1,2 Teraporn Vutyavanich,3 Woraluk Somboonporn,4 Manit Srisurapanont5 1Academic Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham, Thailand; 2Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University,Thailand; 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; 4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand; 5Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand Aim: To examine the effectiveness of a modified relaxation (MR technique in reducing blood pressure levels in Thai postmenopausal women with mild hypertension, compared with a control group who received health education. Methods: This is a 16-week, randomized, parallel, open-label, controlled trial in a menopausal clinic in a tertiary health care center in Northeastern Thailand. The intervention group received a 60-minute session of MR training and were encouraged to practice 15–20 minutes a day, at least 5 days a week. The control group received lifestyle education, including diet and exercise. The primary and secondary outcomes were systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP. Results: Of 432 participants, 215 and 217 were randomly allocated to the MR and control groups, respectively. Of those, 167 participants in the MR group and 175 participants in the control group completed the study. The SBP was significantly more reduced in the MR group, with a mean of 2.1 mmHg (P < 0.001. There was no significant difference between groups on the changed DBP. Conclusion: The MR technique may be effective in lowering SBP in Thai postmenopausal women visiting a menopause clinic. Its efficacy may be observed as soon as 4 weeks after start of treatment. Long-term and combined relaxation therapy and antihypertensive agents are warranted in a large cohort of this population. This trial is registered in clinicaltrials.gov (number

  10. A Historical Analysis of the Relationship Between Rice Production and PDSI Values in Sri Lanka

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobi, J. H.; Hornberger, G. M.

    2011-12-01

    As world population grows, there are ever increasing demands being placed on the food production systems throughout the world. Climate change is complicating these stressors even further through more frequent severe weather events. In the developing world, where there are fewer resources to mitigate the effects of climate change, the combination of these two factors can have drastic consequences. In Sri Lanka, farmers in major rice production areas of the country are already struggling to produce enough rice, a staple food of the local diet, and a severe wet or dry spell could be ruinous. Faced with a changing climate and a growing demand for rice, it is important to be able to anticipate how climatic changes will affect rice production. By examining how extreme wet and dry spells have historically affected rice production, decision makers may be better able to predict and prepare for potential food shortages. We conducted an analysis of historic temperature, precipitation, and rice production statistics in order to determine the effects of extreme wet and dry spells on rice production. We also created a timeline of major developments in Sri Lankan agriculture in order to compare effects on rice production due to changes in agricultural practices with meteorological changes. Historical temperature and precipitation data were used to calculate the Palmer Drought Severity Index (PDSI) for a number of stations distributed throughout the Mahaweli river basin. The basin, the largest in the country, contains three different climatic regions - dry, intermediate, and wet - that all receive different amounts of annual precipitation. The PDSI values were used to quantify drought and wetness during the Yala (April-September) and Maha (October-March) growing seasons. Analysis of historical PDSI values, agricultural advances, and rice production statistics shows great promise for anticipating and mitigating future food shortages.

  11. Robustness and Radiation Resistance of the Pale Grass Blue Butterfly from Radioactively Contaminated Areas: A Possible Case of Adaptive Evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nohara, Chiyo; Hiyama, Atsuki; Taira, Wataru; Otaki, Joji M

    2017-02-11

    The pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha, has been used to evaluate biological impacts of the Fukushima nuclear accident in March 2011. Here, we examined the possibility that butterflies have adapted to be robust in the contaminated environment. Larvae (n = 2432) were obtained from adult butterflies (n = 20) collected from 7 localities with various contamination levels in May 2012, corresponding to the 7th generation after the accident. When the larvae were reared on non-contaminated host plant leaves from Okinawa, the normality rates of natural exposure without artificial irradiation (as an indication of robustness) were high not only in the least contaminated locality but also in the most contaminated localities. The normality rates were similarly obtained when the larvae were reared on non-contaminated leaves with external irradiation or on contaminated leaves from Fukushima to deliver internal irradiation. The normality rate of natural exposure and that of external or internal exposure were correlated, suggesting that radiation resistance (or susceptibility) likely reflects general state of health. The normality rate of external or internal exposure was divided by the relative normality rate of natural exposure, being defined as the resistance value. The resistance value was the highest in the populations of heavily contaminated localities and was inversely correlated with the distance from the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant. These results suggest that the butterfly population might have adapted to the contaminated environment within approximately 1 year after the accident. The present study may partly explain the decrease in mortality and abnormality rates later observed in the contaminated areas. © The American Genetic Association 2017. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  12.   Students Brand Preferences Between Apple and Samsung  Smartphone

    OpenAIRE

    Ezeh, Mac Anthony Nzube; Al-Azzawi, Maha

    2012-01-01

    Date                                    May 2012 University                          Mälardalen University                                             School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology Course                               Master Thesis, EFO 705 Authors                              Maha Al-azzawi & Mac Anthony Tutor                                  Carl G Thunman Examiner                           Ole Liljefors Title                                    Students Bra...

  13. Ingestional and transgenerational effects of the Fukushima nuclear accident on the pale grass blue butterfly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taira, Wataru; Hiyama, Atsuki; Nohara, Chiyo; Sakauchi, Ko; Otaki, Joji M.

    2015-01-01

    One important public concern in Japan is the potential health effects on animals and humans that live in the Tohoku-Kanto districts associated with the ingestion of foods contaminated with artificial radionuclides from the collapsed Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. Additionally, transgenerational or heritable effects of radiation exposure are also important public concerns because these effects could cause long-term changes in animal and human populations. Here, we concisely review our findings and implications related to the ingestional and transgenerational effects of radiation exposure on the pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha, which coexists with humans. The butterfly larval ingestion of contaminated leaves found in areas of human habitation, even at low doses, resulted in morphological abnormalities and death for some individuals, whereas other individuals were not affected, at least morphologically. This variable sensitivity serves as a basis for the adaptive evolution of radiation resistance. The distribution of abnormality and mortality rates from low to high doses fits well with a Weibull function model or a power function model. The offspring generated by morphologically normal individuals that consumed contaminated leaves exhibited high mortality rates when fed contaminated leaves; importantly, low mortality rates were restored when they were fed non-contaminated leaves. Our field monitoring over 3 years (2011–2013) indicated that abnormality and mortality rates peaked primarily in the fall of 2011 and decreased afterwards to normal levels. These findings indicate high impacts of early exposure and transgenerationally accumulated radiation effects over a specific period; however, the population regained normality relatively quickly after ∼15 generations within 3 years. PMID:26661851

  14. Hubungan Asupan Zat Gizi dengan Trigliserida dan Kadar Glukosa Darah pada Vegetarian

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    Ginta Siahaan

    2015-06-01

    Currently, there has been a growing number of people in the world and in Indonesia that becomes vegetarian, where the survey conducted by American Dietetic Asscociation (ADA shows the number of vegetarians in 2006 is around 4,9 billion (2,3% adult in American becoming vegetarian and  1,4 % becoming vegan vegetarian while in Canada, 900 adult population becomes vegetarian. The number of Vegetarians in Indonesia which is  listed in IVS that was established in 1998  was around 5000 members and increased to 6000 members in 2000 while the number of IVSs in Medan city in 2013 was 2000 people.For the first/preliminary study done by researcher of 49 vegetarians in Maha Vihara Maitreya 26 October 2013, there was 32% of vegetarians having blood cholesterol levels more than normal. The purpose of the research was to know the relationship between energy intake, carbohydrate and fiber with triglycerides and blood glucose levels on vegetarian. This study was an observational method and used cross sectional design. Sample collected used purposive sampling method, while to analyze the data,  Pearson correlation was used. The Conclusion is if p0,05 H0 is then accepted. The results showed the correlation between energy intake of carbohydrates and fiber with triglycerides and blood glucose level sample of vegetarian community, where the relation has a closeness to moderate and strong level. For it is suggested that vegetarians need to keep a balance between energy consumption, carbohydrate and fiber. Key word : nutrition intake, blood sugar levels, blood triglycerides levels, vegetarian

  15. KESEJAHTERAAN SUBJEKTIF PADA PENYANDANG KANKER PAYUDARA

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    Yustina Permanawati

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Kanker payudara sangat ditakuti karena payudara bagi wanita bukan hanya  organ  yang  memiliki  fungsi  biologis  semata  melainkan  juga  memiliki fungsi psikologis dan psikososial. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memahami dan mendeskripsikan kesejahteraan subjektif pada penyandang kanker payudara. Metode dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif, yaitu data yang diperoleh di lapangan  melalui  observasi  dan  wawancara.Informan dalam penelitian ini adalah 3 orang penyandang kanker payudara yang  telah  menjalani  operasi  pengangkatan.  Sedangkan  untuk  informan pendukung adalah 5 orang keluarga terdekat informan dan seorang perawat dari pihak  rumah  sakit.  Hasil  penelitian  ini menunjukkan  bahwa  sebagian kesejahteraan  subjektif  pada  penyandang  kanker  payudara  ditunjukkan   dengan kemampuan mengelola emosi negatif menjadi positif, dimana  penyandang kanker payudara  yang  menerima  keadaan  sebagai  penyandang  kanker  payudara  selalu berusaha  berpikir  positif  dan  berusaha  menjalani  kehidupan  sebagai  takdir  dari Yang  Maha  Kuasa. Kesejahteraan  subjektif dipengaruhi  oleh  beberapa  faktor,  diantaranya  penerimaan  diri,  dukungan  dari keluarga  dan  lingkungan  sosial,  keyakinan  agama,  tingkat  pendidikan,  serta  ciri kepribadian.

  16. PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS SIMULASI KOMPUTER UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR KREATIF MAHASISWA

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    Muh. Tawil

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Computer Simulation-based Learning to Improve Students’ Creative Thinking Skills. This study aimed to determine the category of improving the students’ creative thinking skills. The study involved 76 students of physical education, State University of Makassar. The data were collected using tests of creative thinking skills and analyzed using N-gain test. The results show that the students who complete a computer simulation based learning have on average N–gains creative thinking skills were bet­ter than students who participated in the conventional teaching. The students with computer simulation based learning were better in five indicators of creative thinking skills than those with conventional teaching. The students taking a computer simulation based learning material were better in three sub-quantum physics than those in the conventional teaching and learning. Keywords: computer simulations-based learning, creative thinking skills Abstrak: Pembelajaran Berbasis Simulasi Komputer untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Berpikir Kreatif Mahasiswa. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui peningkatan keterampilan berpikir kreatif maha­siswa dengan pembelajaran berbasis simulasi komputer. Subjek adalah 76 mahasiswa Fisika FMIPA Univer­sitas Negeri Makassar dalam kelas kontrol dan kelas eksperimen. Data dikumpulkan dengan tes keterampilan berpikir kreatif, dan dianalisis dengan uji N-gain. Keempat submateri fisika kuantum yang dibelajarkan adalah radiasi termal, efek fotolistrik, efek Compton dan partikel bebas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa yang mengikuti pembelajaran berbasis simulasi computer memiliki rerata N-gain keteram­pilan berpikir kreatif yang lebih tinggi dibanding pada pembelajaran konvensional. Mahasiswa memiliki rerata N-gain yang tinggi pada lima indikator keterampilan berpikir kreatif, sedangkan pada pembelajaran konvensional rerata N-gain untuk semua indikator keterampilan berpikir kreatif tergolong rendah

  17. Ingestional and transgenerational effects of the Fukushima nuclear accident on the pale grass blue butterfly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taira, Wataru; Hiyama, Atsuki; Nohara, Chiyo; Sakauchi, Ko; Otaki, Joji M

    2015-12-01

    One important public concern in Japan is the potential health effects on animals and humans that live in the Tohoku-Kanto districts associated with the ingestion of foods contaminated with artificial radionuclides from the collapsed Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. Additionally, transgenerational or heritable effects of radiation exposure are also important public concerns because these effects could cause long-term changes in animal and human populations. Here, we concisely review our findings and implications related to the ingestional and transgenerational effects of radiation exposure on the pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha, which coexists with humans. The butterfly larval ingestion of contaminated leaves found in areas of human habitation, even at low doses, resulted in morphological abnormalities and death for some individuals, whereas other individuals were not affected, at least morphologically. This variable sensitivity serves as a basis for the adaptive evolution of radiation resistance. The distribution of abnormality and mortality rates from low to high doses fits well with a Weibull function model or a power function model. The offspring generated by morphologically normal individuals that consumed contaminated leaves exhibited high mortality rates when fed contaminated leaves; importantly, low mortality rates were restored when they were fed non-contaminated leaves. Our field monitoring over 3 years (2011-2013) indicated that abnormality and mortality rates peaked primarily in the fall of 2011 and decreased afterwards to normal levels. These findings indicate high impacts of early exposure and transgenerationally accumulated radiation effects over a specific period; however, the population regained normality relatively quickly after ∼15 generations within 3 years.

  18. Dynamism of Ballet in Isan

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    Sirimongkol Natayakul

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Isan is a region with diverse dancing art forms, such as Fon (Northertern-Thai-style-dance, Serng (Northestern-Thai-style-dance, and Ram (Central-Thai-style-dance which are attached to important traditions associated with Buddhism and spiritual beliefs. Ballet is a unique cross-cultural dance that has spread into Isan society over a long period of time. This qualitative research aims to study the history of ballet in Isan from 1976 to 2012 and the factors that have led to the dynamism of ballet in Isan. Research methods used for data collection include document study, fieldwork and researcher experience. In this study, the population and area samples are in seven provinces: Khon Kaen, Nakhon Ratchasima, Udon Thani, Ubon Ratchathani, Maha Sarakham, Chaiyaphum and Buriram. Ballet first appeared in Isan in 1976 when Khunying Genevieve Damon, a French national, Ekachai Kaikaew and Kanoknat Homasawin set up as ballet teachers. Ballet schools are found in 12 public schools, 21 private schools and one school of the local administrative organization. Ballet shows take two forms, which are either Conventional Ballet and Non-Conventional Ballet. Seven factors affect the dynamism of ballet in Isan: government policy, education, economy, ballet teachers, parents of ballet students, communications and overseas organizations. Ballet teachers have a multidimensional role in educational society and are thus very important to the ballet shows in the Isan area. Moreover, ballet teachers in the Northeast also create, design, choreograph and direct the shows. The dynamism of education and economy are the second and the third most important factors

  19. Stability of Capsaicinoids and Antioxidants in Dry Hot Peppers under Different Packaging and Storage Temperatures

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    Qumer Iqbal

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The maintenance of the quality and storage life of perishable fruits and vegetables is a major challenge for the food industry. In this study, the effects of different temperatures, packaging materials and storage time on the stability of capsaicinoids and antioxidants, such as total carotenoids, ascorbic acid and total phenolic compounds, were studied in three commercially cultivated hot pepper hybrids, namely Sky Red, Maha and Wonder King. For this purpose, dry whole pods were packed in jute bags and low-density polyethylene bags (LDPE, stored for five months under controlled conditions at 20, 25 or 30 ○C and analyzed on Day 0 and at 50-day intervals until Day 150. The three hot pepper hybrids differed significantly with respect to their capsaicinoids and antioxidant concentrations, but the results indicated that with the increase in storage temperature and time, a gradual and steady decrease in these levels was equally observed for all hybrids. Overall, mean concentrations after five months were significantly reduced by 22.6% for ascorbic acid, 19.0% for phenolic compounds, 17% for carotenoids and 12.7% for capsaicinoids. The trends of capsaicinoids and antioxidants evolution were decreasing gradually during storage until Day 150, this effect being more pronounced at higher temperature. Furthermore, the disappearance rates of capsaicinoids and antioxidants were higher in peppers packed in jute bags than in those wrapped with LDPE. In conclusion, despite the sensitivity of capsaicinoids and antioxidants to oxygen, light and moisture, the packaging in natural jute or synthetic LDPE plastic bags, as well as the storage at ambient temperature preserved between 77.4% and 87.3% of the initial amounts of these health- and nutrition-promoting compounds during five months’ storage.

  20. Role of RAS inhibitor in the treatment of lupus nephritis with thrombotic microangiopathy%RAS抑制剂在狼疮肾炎伴血栓性微血管病中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李超; 李航; 文煜冰; 王海云; 马杰; 王颖; 刘炳岩; 高瑞通; 陶建瓴

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate whether RAS inhibitors can improve renal function in the treatment of lupus nephritis (LN) with thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA).Methods A total of 15 LN patients with TMA proven by renal pathology,from January 2000 to December 2013 in PUMCH,were included.The serum creatinine (Scr) and blood pressure (BP) before and after using RAS inhibitors were analyzed.Results (1)Male/female ratio was 1∶ 14.All of the patients had renal dysfunction,and median peak value of Scr was 396 μmol/L (160 ~ 643 μmol/L).5 cases (33.3%) required acute dialysis during hospitalization.Hypertension occurred in 15 patients,while 6 cases (40.0%) were diagnosed malignant hypertension.(2) Anemia and thrombocytopenia occurred in 15 and 14 cases,respectively.Three cases (20.0%) were diagnosed MAHA definitely and 5 cases (33.3%) were diagnosed MAHA probably.(3) Renal biopsy showed class Ⅱ in 1 case,Ⅲ in 4 cases,Ⅳ-(G) in 2 cases,Ⅳ(S) in 5 cases and Ⅳ+Ⅴ in 3 cases.Active lesions were predominant in both glomeruli and renal vasculopathy.(4) All the patients received steroid and immunosuppressive therapy,of whom 9 cases were given steroid pulse therapy.Thirteen cases received cyclophosphamide,and the rest 2 cases received cyclophosphamide and mycophenolate.After steroid pulse therapy,there were only 5 patients (55.6%) who got decreased Scr.In 13 patients (86.7%),hypertension was ameliorated and Scr decreased within one week after implementing RAS inhibitors,which fell medianly 15.8% and 17.0%,respectively.(5) Eleven of the 15 patients were followed from 8 to 135 months (median 32 months),and the other 4 patients were lost.Five cases who was on dialysis during hospitalization became independent of renal replacement therapy,while the other cases also got improved renal function.Conclusions Patients of LN with TMA who develop AKI and refractory hypertension should be treated with RAS inhibitors.Improved renal survival and successful

  1. The Role of Molam in Solving Social Problems

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    Sitthisak Champadaeng

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Mo-lam is the most popular Isan Local Song. Its rhythm and message influenced people’s feeling and thought. The objectives of this research were to study: (1 the moving force in using the media of Mo-lam for solving social problem, (2 the role of Mo-lam and social problem solving, and (3 the effect of campaign with the sharing in approach and behavior of receiver in Klon-lam media. Approach: The research area in Isan Region included Maha Sarakam Province, Roi-Ed Province, Ubon Rachatani Province, Khon Kaen Province, Chiaypume Province, Udon Tani Province, Nakon Phanom Province, an Mookdahan Province. The samples providing information were 105 persons selected by interviewing and Participant Observation. Data were analyzed in characteristic. Then, the findings were presented in descriptive analysis. Results: The research findings found that: (1 the moving force for Mo-lam Media Use, was caused by the rapid Isan Social and Cultural Changes after the Second World War owing to the economic developmental policy as specified by the public sector As a result, Isan society faced trouble in social, economic, and political aspects. There were migration and moving to work in big sized cities, lack of educational management as well as basic public health service, (2 the roles of Mo-lam in solving social problems were as follows: Klon-lam campaigning in the enhancement for national security, was composed, lam against the communist doctrine and enhancing the democracy, campaigning for people to be interested in Education as well as controlling the population number, infectious disease, and supporting the exercise. In solving the environmental problems, the natural resources were campaigned, and the waste in community was got rid of, the prevention and treatment for drug addiction problem was campaigned, (3 the effect of campaign and changes in viewpoint and behavior of Klon Lam Receivers, in political and governmental security as a part of

  2. Inflammatory cytokines regulate endothelial cell survival and tissue repair functions via NF-κB signaling

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    Kanaji N

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Nobuhiro Kanaji1, Tadashi Sato2, Amy Nelson3, Xingqi Wang3, YingJi Li4, Miok Kim5, Masanori Nakanishi6, Hesham Basma3, Joel Michalski3, Maha Farid3, Michael Chandler3, William Pease3, Amol Patil3, Stephen I Rennard3, Xiangde Liu31Division of Hematology, Rheumatology and Respiratory Medicine, Kagawa University, Kagawa, Japan; 2Department of Respiratory Medicine, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; 3Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska; 4Department of Hygiene and Public Health, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan; 5Third Department of Internal Medicine, Wakayama Medical University School of Medicine, Wakayama, Japan; 6Department of Internal Medicine, Jeju Medical College, Jeju, Republic of KoreaAbstract: Inflammation contributes to the development of fibrotic and malignant diseases. We assessed the ability of inflammatory cytokines to modulate endothelial cell survival and functions related to tissue repair/remodeling. Treatment with interleukin (IL-1ß or tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α (2 ng/mL led to human pulmonary artery endothelial cells becoming spindle-shaped fibroblast-like cells. However, immunoblot and DNA microarray showed no change in most endothelial and mesenchymal markers. In the presence of IL-1ß or TNF-α, cells were resistant to apoptosis induced by deprivation of serum and growth factor, and were more migratory. In addition, cells treated with IL-1ß or TNF-α contracted collagen gels more robustly. In contrast, transforming growth factor-ß1 did not induce these responses. RNA interference targeting nuclear factor (NF- κB p65 blocked the effects of IL-1ß or TNF-α on cell morphologic change, survival, migration, and collagen gel contraction. These results suggest that endothelial cells may contribute to tissue repair/remodeling via the NF-κB signaling in a milieu of airway inflammation.Keywords: NF-κB, IL-1ß, TNF-α, apoptosis, tissue repair

  3. CYP19A1 gene polymorphism and colorectal cancer etiology in Saudi population: case–control study

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    Al-Mukaynizi FB

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Fatimah Basil Al-Mukaynizi,1 Mohammed Alanazi,1 Sooad Al-Daihan,1 Narasimha Reddy Parine,1 Majid Almadi,2 Abdulrahman Aljebreen,2 Nahla Azzam,2 Othman Alharbi,2 Maha Arafah,3 Arjumand Warsy4 1Department of Biochemistry, College of Science, 2Department of Internal Medicine, 3Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, 4Central Laboratory, Female Center for Scientific & Medical Colleges, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Background: Considerable interest is directed toward the enzyme aromatase (CYP19A1 and the development of cancer, due to CYP19A1’s role in estrogen biosynthesis. Several cancers display excessive intra-tumor accumulation of estrogens, and aromatase inhibitors are used for treatment. The CYP19A1 gene exhibits polymorphism and mutations that can alter its expression or aromatase activity and influence estrogen production. We designed this study to investigate the link between CYP19A1 polymorphism and susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC development in Saudis. Patients and methods: Blood samples from 100 CRC patients and 100 healthy controls were drawn for DNA extractions. Three polymorphic sites, rs4774585, rs936308, and rs4775936, were genotyped using Taqman genotyping by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Allelic and genotype frequencies were calculated and compared in the two groups. Results: All single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs were polymorphic in Saudis, and comparison of allele frequencies showed several differences when compared to other populations. None of the SNPs were associated with the risk of CRC development in Saudis (P>0.05. Some gender and location (colon or rectal differences were observed. Discussion: The results of this study highlighted the genetic heterogeneity existing between populations in the prevalence of different SNPs and their relation to disease state. It showed that, although rs4774585, rs936308, and rs4775936 are involved in CRC development in several populations, their role

  4. Growth inhibition of shrimp pathogens by isolated gastrointestinal microflora of Macrobrachium rosenbergii de Man

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    Seehanat, S.

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available The useful bacteria which were isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii de Man, cultivated in earthen pond at Maha Sarakham province, Thailand, consisted of 14 isolates of Bacillus (B1 – B14 and 18 isolates of Lactic acid bacteria (LA1 – LA18. The abilities of all isolated bacteria on growth inhibition of pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus, Aeromonas hydrophila and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were studied by paperdisc plate method. The results showed that the Bacillus B2 and B5 were unable to inhibit the growth of all of the tested pathogens. Bacillus B1, B10 and B12 were capable of inhibiting the growth of 3 of 4 tested pathogen strains. Although all of the isolated lactic acid bacteria (LA1 –LA18 could not inhibit the E. coli growth, all of them could inhibit the growth of B. cereus. The isolated lactic acid bacteria which were capable of inhibiting the growth of 3 tested pathogen strains (excluded E. coli were LA12 , LA13 , LA14 , LA15 , LA16 , LA17 and LA18. In order to select the high potential strain of bacteria for using as probiotics, Bacillus B1 , B3 , B4 , B10 and B12 and lactic acid bacteria LA12 , LA13 , LA14 , LA15 , LA16 , LA17 and LA18 were tested for their growth abilities in various growth conditions. The tested growth conditions included various concentrations of the bile salt and salt (NaCl and various pH and temperatures. The results revealed that Bacillus B1 and B10 and lactic acid bacteria LA13 , LA16 and LA18 exhibited high potential for using as probiotics. The results of biochemical test for identification of these high potential strains showed that Bacillus B1 and B10 were possibly B. licheniformis and B. thuringiensis respectively. The lactic acid bacteria LA13 , LA16 and LA18 were possibly the same strain and belonged to the genus Pediococcus.

  5. Preparation and clinical evaluation of nano-transferosomes for treatment of erectile dysfunction

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    Ali MFM

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Maha Fadel M Ali,1 Heba F Salem,2 Hany F Abdelmohsen,3 Sameh K Attia4 1Pharmaceutical Technology Unit, Medical Applications of Lasers Department, National Institute of Laser Enhanced Science, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt; 2Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy Department, 3Clinical Pharmacy Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt; 4Dermatology and Andrology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt Objective: The goal of the present study was to formulate topical nanocarriers of the low-cost vasodilator, papaverine hydrochloride (PH, as an alternative to the painful penile injections. The injections are used for both diagnosis and treatment of erectile dysfunction. Transdermal nano-transferosome (T, the ultraflexible nanoliposome, was used as a nanocarrier to enhance the penetration of the papaverine to the penis. Methods: Different nano formulas were prepared and characterized for their encapsulation efficiency, particle size, zeta potential, and cumulative drug release. The formula acquired the best characteristics was incorporated into 2% (w/v hydroxypropyl methylcellulose hydrogel base. The gel containing transferosomal papaverine hydrochloride (PH and that containing free PH were clinically compared using color flow Doppler measurements. Results: The results revealed that transferosome 3 (T3 had the highest entrapment efficiency approaching 72%, low particle size of 220 nm, and zeta potential of -33.4 mV. The formula released 73% of its initial drug content within 2 hours. The clinical evaluation showed the increase in the cavernous artery diameter from 0.53 mm to 0.78 mm and the increase in the peak systolic flow velocity from 5.95 cm/second to 12.2 cm/second, both of which were found to be significant at P<0.05. Conclusion: It is evident from the study that the transferosomes can be used as a carrier of papaverine hydrochloride for both diagnosis and treatment of the

  6. Periodontal health and diabetes awareness among Saudi diabetes patients

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    Bahammam MA

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Maha A BahammamDepartment of Periodontology, King Abdulaziz University Faculty of Dentistry, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaPurpose: This study aimed to examine diabetic patients in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, regarding their general diabetic and oral health-related awareness and practices, their awareness of the association of diabetes with periodontal disease, and their sources of diabetes-related information.Methods: Diabetic patients (n=454 who were receiving care at the diabetes clinic in King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, from October 2013 to May 2014, completed a six-part questionnaire assessing their sociodemographic characteristics, general and oral health awareness and practices, and sources of diabetes-related information. Descriptive statistics were used to report the results.Results: The responses indicated inadequate health-related practices in the surveyed group: 22.2% brushed their teeth twice daily, 73.6% never flossed their teeth, and while 80.2% visited a physician in the past year, only 12.6% visited a dentist during the same year. Of the respondents, 94.8% reported that they had never received advice on oral hygiene tasks in relation to diabetes from a health professional. Awareness about the diabetes and periodontal disease association was limited: 46.7% knew that diabetics have gum problems more often if their blood sugar stays very high, and only 21.8% knew that gum disease makes it harder to control blood sugar in diabetic patients. A significant association (P<0.05 was found between a higher level of education and greater general and oral awareness, as well as a significant association (P<0.05 between longer duration of disease, regular exercise, and regular visits to the physician and awareness about diabetes mellitus. Additionally, a significant association (P<0.05 was found between regular dental visits and both periodontal disease and diabetes awareness. Family and friends were the main source of

  7. Major depressive disorders in chronic hemodialysis patients in Nazareth: identification and assessment

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    Armaly Z

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Zaher Armaly, Joseph Farah, Adel Jabbour, Bishara Bisharat, Amir Abd-El Qader, Shahira Saba, Maha Zaher, Elia El Haj, Munir Hamzi, Abdalla BowirratThe Nazareth Hospital, Hospital Affiliated with Galilee Medical School-Bar Ilan University, Zefat, IsraelObjective: Depression illnesses are commonly observed in hemodialysis (HD patients, which can influence the quality of life of end-stage renal disease patients. We evaluate the prevalence and predictive risk factors of depression in the Arab population undergoing HD in Nazareth, Israel.Methods: We conducted a prospective study that included 71 patients in the HD unit with a mean age of 61.9 ± 14.13 years who had undergone HD and 26 healthy control subjects with a mean age of 59.3 ± 7.3. Beck's Depression Inventory and Hamilton Depression Scale assessments were administered. Blood analysis for hematological and biochemical parameters was obtained. Diagnosis was made using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders scale to correlate psychological variables with clinical, hematological, and biochemical parameters. Statistical analysis was carried out using analysis of variance followed by Tukey post-hoc multiple comparison tests.Results: The prevalence of depression was 43.7% in HD patients. Between HD patients and controls, cortisol values were 16.96 ± 0.5476 and 11.96 ± 1.116, respectively (P < 0.0001; 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 2.416–6.825. Between depressed HD patients versus control subjects, cortisol values were 16.48 ± 0.72 and 11.96 ± 1.116, respectively (P = 0.0013; 95% CI: 1.878–7.184. Hematological and biochemical parameters were compared between depressed HD and nondepressed patients, but differences between the two groups were found to be insignificant (P > 0.05.Conclusion: Our HD patients were severely depressed. Studies of glucocorticoid turnover activity such as cortisol, a potent chemical stress hormone, may be used as a model and marker for early

  8. A home-based comprehensive care model in patients with Multiple Sclerosis: A study pre-protocol [version 1; referees: 2 approved

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    Lufei Young

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background Disability is prevalent in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS, leading to difficulty in care access, significant caregiver burden, immense challenges in self-care and great societal burden.  Without highly coordinated, competent and accessible care, individuals living with progressive MS experience psychological distress, poor quality of life, suffer from life-threatening complications, and have frequent but avoidable healthcare utilizations. Unfortunately, current healthcare delivery models present severe limitations in providing easily accessible, patient-centered, coordinated comprehensive care to those with progressive MS. We propose a home-based comprehensive care model (MAHA to address the unmet needs, challenges, and avoidable complications in individuals with progressive MS with disabling disease. Objective The article aims to describe the study design and methods used to implement and evaluate the proposed intervention.   Method The study will use a randomized controlled design to evaluate the feasibility of providing a 24-month, home-based, patient-centered comprehensive care program to improve quality of life, reduce complications and healthcare utilizations overtime (quarterly for 24 months. A transdisciplinary team led by a MS-Comprehensivist will carry out this project. Fifty MS patients will be randomly assigned to the intervention and usual care program using block randomization procedures. We hypothesize that patients in the intervention group will have fewer complications, higher quality of life, greater satisfaction with care, and reduced healthcare utilization. The proposed project is also expected to be financially sustainable in fee-for-service models but best suited for and gain financial success in valued-based care systems.   Discussion This is the first study to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of a home-based comprehensive care management program in MS patients living with progressive

  9. Insight into 144 patients with ocular vascular events during VEGF antagonist injections

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    Shami M

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Ahmad M Mansour1, Maha Shahin2, Peter K Kofoed3, Maurizio B Parodi4, Michel Shami5, Stephen G Schwartz6, Collaborative Anti-VEGF Ocular Vascular Complications GroupDepartment of Ophthalmology, 1American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon, Rafic Hariri University Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon; 2Mansoura University, Mansoura City, Egypt; 3Glostrup Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, National Eye Clinic, Kennedy Center, Glostrup, Denmark; 4University Vita-Salute, Scientific Institute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy; 5Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, USA; 6Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Naples and Miami, FL, USAAim: To record ocular vascular events following injections of vascular endothelium growth factor (VEGF antagonists.Methods: Collaborative multicenter case series (48 cases, literature reviews (32 cases, and reports to the FDA (64 cases of patients that had vascular occlusions during anti-VEGF therapy were collected and analyzed.Results: A total of 144 cases of ocular vascular events were identified, with these diagnosed a median of 15 days after anti-VEGF injection. The majority of patients had pre-existing risk factors for cardiovascular events and nine patients had a prior history of glaucoma. Mean visual acuity dropped by 6.4 lines with severe visual loss after injection to NLP (five eyes, LP (six eyes, and HM (two eyes. The overall risk of ocular vascular events following a VEGF antagonist injection was 0.108% in the general population and 2.61% in the diabetic population. Mean retinal arterial constriction after intravitreal bevacizumab in 13 eyes was 21% (standard deviation = 27%, and mean retinal venous constriction was 8% (standard deviation = 30%.Conclusion: Ocular vascular events are rare during anti-VEGF therapy, but can lead to severe visual loss and may be caused by a number of factors including the vasoconstrictor effect of the drug, a post-injection rise

  10. Noor-Eestile : [luuletused] / Juhan Liiv ; [Impressioonid]: Viiu Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liiv, Juhan, 1864-1913

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: Noor-Eestile ; Vask oli taevas mu üle ; Andke vaesel' eksijale varju ; Palju on must üle käinud ; Ma kõndisin metsa poole ; Minu saatus ; Tule, öö pimedus ; Helin ; Mets kohas ; Minu luule ; Ma pimeduses olen laulnud ; Naised kangast seadvad ; Öösse ära kadus ; Mure II ; Masinlikult liigub mõte ; Tuelvik ; Kui tume veel kauaks ka sinu maa ; Mitte igaühele ; Mis meil kaunis, mis meil kallis ; Meri ; Ta lendab mesipuu poole ; Ma lille sideme võtaks ; Kõik kohad täis ; Sa oled püha ja ilus ; Kadumatu ; Isamaale ; Must lagi on meie toal ; Laul sellest kaduvast ; Eile nägin ma Eestimaad! ; Kas ma Eestit unes nägin? ; Siin väsimatu olgu julgus ; Mina ei tea, kust ma rõõmu võtan? ; Minu erakond ; Üks suu ; Noorusaeg ; Naerata! ; Ei sinu ilust ; Oleksin ma luuletaja! ; Neiule ; Üle vee ; Sügise päikene ; Ei sinu iludus ; Sa tulid ; Sina ja mina ; Mai hommik ; Mu viimane laul ; Arm tuli ; Mis on kui vaikne valu hääl? ; Tuuled, te juurde ma tulen ; Ei valust me enam räägi ; Tulen, tulen! ; Üks märtsihommik udune ; Kevade lähenemine ; Noor kevade ; Tuli kevade ; Meelespea ; Järv ; Suine tuul ; Üks suve päev ; Sügisene kodu ; Tühja pesa ees ; Sööt ; Oh kanarbik, oh lilleke! ; Vanaema sügise ; Sügise ; Sügise päike ; Nõmm ; Üksik tee ; Tuul rabistab lehti maha ; Pilved sõudvad ; Sügise tuul ; Mets ; Sügisene rand ; Lume helbeke ; Tali ; Talve õhtul ; Ma vaatan aknast välja ; Lauliku talve üksindus ; Rukkivihud rehe all ; Talvine tihane ; Tuisk ; Lained, kuhu te tõttate? ; Ema ja tütar ; Rändaja ; Muusika ; Meeled ; Aeg ; Vali on ; Mis isad ütlevad ; Koer ; Kes meeldida tahab ; Mul kannatlik, hää süda on ; Me igapäev paremat loodame ; Üks mälestus ; Sa oled hää ja puhas ; Hõlpsam on mägesid tõsta ; Omakasu ; Laulikutele ; Killud ; Viimane võimalus

  11. Effectiveness of a modified version of the applied relaxation technique in treatment of perimenopausal and postmenopausal symptoms

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    Saensak S

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Suprawita Saensak,1,2 Teraporn Vutyavanich,3 Woraluk Somboonporn,4 Manit Srisurapanont5 1Academic Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham, 2Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, KhonKaen University, KhonKaen, 5Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand Background: Awareness of the risks associated with hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms has sparked a global decline in this treatment. Alternative treatments to relieve menopausal symptoms are therefore required. The applied relaxation (AR technique has proven to be successful for symptom amelioration, but requires participation in 12 weekly classes. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a modified relaxation version (MR of AR for treatment of hot flashes, night sweats, and sleep disturbances. Methods: We conducted a12-week, randomized, parallel, open-label, controlled trial in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women visiting the menopausal clinic. Participants were randomly assigned to an MR or AR group. The MR group (n=36 received a single session of (MR training and the AR group (n=35 received conventional 12-week training. Participants were instructed to practice the techniques daily at home for 12 weeks. The main outcome was the measure on the severity scale and frequency of hot flashes, night sweats, and sleep disturbances. Results: All participants completed the study. Total severity scores in both groups decreased after 12 weeks, but there was no difference between the groups (P=0.93. The severity score for hot flashes in the MR group decreased more than in the AR group (P=0.02. The severity scores for night sweats and sleep disturbances decreased in both groups. The frequency of hot flashes, night sweats, and

  12. Sensitive and specific markers for insulin resistance, hyperandrogenemia, and inappropriate gonadotrophin secretion in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a case-control study from Bahrain

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    Al-Ayadhi MA

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Jamal Golbahar,1,2,* Maha Al-Ayadhi,2,* Negalla Mohan Das,2 Khalid Gumaa,2 1Department of Molecular Medicine, Al-Jawhara Centre for Genetic Diagnosis and Research, 2Department of Medical Biochemistry, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, AGU, Manama, Bahrain *These authors contributed equally to this articleBackground: In women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS, despite a high prevalence of insulin resistance, hyperandrogenemia, and disturbances in the secretion of gonadotrophin, the principal causes of biochemical abnormalities and the best endocrine markers for PCOS have not been fully identified.Subjects and methods: Serum levels of insulin, glucose, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH, luteinizing hormone (LH, total testosterone, estrogen, sex hormone-binding capacity (SHBG, and other related indices such as homeostasis model assessment, insulin glucose ratios, LH/FSH ratios, and the free androgen index (FAI were determined and compared in women with PCOS (n = 50 and women without PCOS (n = 50.Results: In multivariate logistic regression analyses, among all insulin resistance indices, only hyperinsulinemia (odds ratio [OR] = 2.6; confidence interval [CI]: 1.3–5.2; P = 0.008 was significantly and independently associated with PCOS when adjusted for body mass index (BMI, hyperandrogenemia, and LH/FSH ratios. The LH/FSH ratio (OR = 5.4; CI: 1.2–23.0, P = 0.03 was the only marker among those indices for inappropriate gonadotrophin secretion that significantly and independently associated with PCOS when adjusted for BMI and hyperinsulinemia. Among those indices for hyperandrogenemia, FAI (OR = 1.1; CI: 1.0–2.7; P = 0.02 and SHBG (OR = 1.2; CI: 1.2–3.4; P = 0.03 were significantly and independently associated with PCOS when adjusted for BMI and hyperinsulinemia. In addition, receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the best predictive markers for PCOS were insulin (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.944; CI: 0.887–0

  13. Ingestion of radioactively contaminated diets for two generations in the pale grass blue butterfly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nohara, Chiyo; Taira, Wataru; Hiyama, Atsuki; Tanahara, Akira; Takatsuji, Toshihiro; Otaki, Joji M

    2014-09-23

    The release of radioactive materials due to the Fukushima nuclear accident has raised concern regarding the biological impacts of ingesting radioactively contaminated diets on organisms. We previously performed an internal exposure experiment in which contaminated leaves collected from polluted areas were fed to larvae of the pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha, from Okinawa, which is one of the least polluted localities in Japan. Using the same experimental system, in the present study, we further examined the effects of low-level-contaminated diets on this butterfly. Leaves were collected from two localities in Tohoku (Motomiya (161 Bq/kg) and Koriyama (117 Bq/kg)); two in Kanto (Kashiwa (47.6 Bq/kg) and Musashino (6.4 Bq/kg)); one in Tokai (Atami (2.5 Bq/kg)); and from Okinawa (0.2 Bq/kg). In addition to the effects on the first generation, we examined the possible transgenerational effects of the diets on the next generation. In the first generation, the Tohoku groups showed higher rates of mortality and abnormalities and a smaller forewing size than the Okinawa group. The mortality rates were largely dependent on the ingested dose of caesium. The survival rates of the Kanto-Tokai groups were greater than 80%, but the rates in the Tohoku groups were much lower. In the next generation, the survival rates in the Tohoku groups were below 20%, whereas those of the Okinawa groups were above 70%. The survival rates in the second generation were independent of the locality of the leaves ingested by the first generation, indicating that the diet in the second generation was the determinant of their survival. Moreover, a smaller forewing size was observed in the Tohoku groups in the second generation. However, the forewing size was inversely correlated with the cumulative caesium dose ingested throughout the first and second generations, indicating that the diet in the first generation also influenced the forewing size of the second generation. Biological

  14. MODEL OBSERVASI DAN SIMULASI (OBSIM UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN MAHASISWA PENDIDIKAN FISIKA DALAM MENGAJAR

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    Indrawati Indrawati

    2011-11-01

    43 orang mahasiswa Program Pendidikan Fisika FKIP Universitas Jember semester V yang menempuh matakuliah Perencanaan Pembelajaran tahun ajaran 2008-2009. Desain penelitian adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas dengan menggunakan siklus-siklus. Untuk mengumpulkan data digunakan teknik observasi, asesmen otentik, dan wawancara. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif, dengan menggunakan normal­ized gain. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Model Obsim dapat meningkatkan kemampuan maha­siswa dalam merencanakan pembelajaran dan mengimplementasikannya dari kategori sedang ke kategori tinggi selama simulasi yang diberikan dosen disajikan dengan jelas, mahasiswa berpartisipasi aktif dalam diskusi, sering berlatih dan umpan balik selalu diberikan setelah mahasiswa presentasi mengajar.

  15. The Fukushima nuclear accident and the pale grass blue butterfly: evaluating biological effects of long-term low-dose exposures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiyama, Atsuki; Nohara, Chiyo; Taira, Wataru; Kinjo, Seira; Iwata, Masaki; Otaki, Joji M

    2013-08-12

    On August 9th 2012, we published an original research article in Scientific Reports, concluding that artificial radionuclides released from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant exerted genetically and physiologically adverse effects on the pale grass blue butterfly Zizeeria maha in the Fukushima area. Immediately following publication, many questions and comments were generated from all over the world. Here, we have clarified points made in the original paper and answered questions posed by the readers. The following points were clarified. (1) There are many advantages to using the pale grass blue butterfly as an indicator species. (2) The forewings of the individuals collected in Fukushima were significantly smaller than in the northern and southern localities. (3) We observed growth retardation in the butterflies from the Fukushima area. (4) The aberrant colour patterns in the butterflies obtained in the Fukushima area were different from the colour patterns induced by temperature and sibling crosses but similar to those induced by external and internal exposures to the artificial radionuclides and by a chemical mutagen, suggesting that genetic mutations caused the aberrations. (5) This species of butterfly has been plentiful in Fukushima area for at least half a century. We here present specimens collected from Fukushima Prefecture before the accident. (6) Mutation accumulation was detected by the increase in the abnormality rates from May 2011 to September 2011. (7) The abnormal traits were heritable. (8) Our sampling localities were not affected by the tsunami. (9) We used a high enough number of samples to obtain statistically significant results. (10) The standard rearing method was followed, producing normal adults in the control groups. (11) The exposure experiments successfully reproduced the results of the field work. This species of butterfly is vulnerable to long-term low-dose internal and external exposures; however, insect cells are known to be

  16. Sisseminekuks : [luuletused] / Anna Haava ; [Impressioonid]: Viiu Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haava, Anna, pseud., 1864-1957

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: Sisseminekuks ; Kartus ; Ööbikule ; Käokene, kuldalindu ; Mis sa tahad, kevade? ; Ei tule uni ; Hoia ennast; Tuksuv süda ; Sina oled kelm ; Hinge hellal' igatsusel' ; Kõik kallile ; Soov ; Unes nägin ; Võin ; Sinu silmad ; Sinu silmist pilk ; Kallis, sul on kuldne süda ; Sa kõige armsam mulle ; Oh võiksin ; Lill ; Nõmmelill ; Meie Mihkel ; Koidulale ; Ehitage rahukojad ; Emakeel ; Isamaja ; Väsinud ; Oh kuhu ma lähen? ; Ööbiku surm ; Ei saa mitte vaiki olla ; Ma olen näinud ; Südameta ; Sellepärast ; See oli ilusal õiekuul; Esimese lume ajal ; Mina vaat'sin muru pääle ; Ikka kurjalt sa mind vaatad ; Oh ma isegi ei tea ; Mis on luule paljalt sõnas? ; Oh oleksin ära surnud ; Lee ääres ; Sinu nimi ; Hoia vahest aken lahti ; Jumalaga jättes vaat'sid ; Ma laulan ; Ei oma õnne peita ; Küll oli ilus mu õieke ; Oh ära sa küsi ; Ei tule luule tuulest ; Köögis seisab ; Järv leegib eha paistel ; Sinu vanaema ; Nii ta on ; Tead küll, mu kuldkallis ; Ma lähen üle nõmme ; Lenda, lepatriinuke ; Vesi voolab, vesi kohab ; Üks ainus kord ; Oh kevade, oh õie-aeg ; Suur kontsert ; Kuupaistel ; Mets kohiseb ; Lind läks magama ; Kui sa tuled, too mull' lilli ; Sinilillekesed ; Ei ole sina minu ingel ; Ei mina õnne usu ; Viimast laulu ei saa laulda ; Kõige ilusam luule ; Üks on minul püham koda! ; Sa oled suurem kui su saatus ; Mu kodumaa, kus oled sa? ; Eest ära! ; Kui kandlekeeled katkevad ; Ma kõnnin koiduvalgel ; Mu mured kõik matsin ma maha ; Kui ma sulle armas olen ; Kas tahad tulla minuga? ; Sa vaata ette, süda! ; Truus sõpruses ma tahan ; Su silmade sügavuses ; Siis mine! ; See oli siis ; Mu süda usub ; Sind teretame, kuldapäike ; Mind jumalaga jätsid ; Sääl kord kasvab kaunis kodu ; Me oleme põhjamaa lapsed ; Hilised lilled ; Sa küsid, kus mu kodu ; külm ; Sina vaikiv, sügav öö ; Ju õitsvad kõik hellerheinad ; Öösünges kohab ; Kui saaks mullegi kord kodu ; On püha mulle mu kodumaa muld ; Oma hind vaid vaba

  17. HODSONG: A MONASTERY RITUAL FOR A LOCAL WISDOM CEREMONY FOR THE MONK RANKING

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    Theerapong Meethaisong

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The ranking order of monk in Isan, Thailand was influenced mostly from Buddhist believe and practices starting from Lanchang period and this religious believe become the common practices and the tool for local community in strengthening harmony and unity. One of the important religious ceremony calls Hodsong ceremony. The research area covered Maha Sarakham, Roi Et and Kalasin provinces which there are many Monk’s hierarchy ceremony. The research procedure used the qualitative research methodology. Data were collected from related literature and field studies using interviews and focus group discussion from a group of totally 66 informants. The findings were presented by means of a descriptive analysis. This research finds; Hodsong ceremony of Isan people was evidentially found since Dvaravati period, Sukhothai (Lanna, Lan Chang, Ayuthaya, Thonburi and Rattanakosin period. It was approved from different archeological sites such as Prathat Yakhu, Um Yakhu and the other kind of evident as has been recognized as a position or ranking such as Ratchakhru and Lakkham for instance. In addition, there were some equipment that was involved within this ceremony such as the water tube or Honghod were found at Wat Wichunrat and Wat Chiangthong, including different temple in Isan. The Laab or Supannabat (a golden plate used for in scripted manuscript was rarely found,and most of remains were reproduced. Hodsong ceremony is a religious tradition of Isan people that combined the ritual and believe together. Currently, Local Isan people still practice this ceremony in some communities with the 8 steps of preparation of instruments, Hodsong ornaments the itinerary order of the ceremony the ceremonial location the establishing ritual Baisri setting Sootkhwanbaisri or morale setting consoling and tied arms tradition. In addition, this ceremony involved with believers of direction and occasion from traditional beliefs. Despite, there were some problems such as

  18. Spirit Piagam Jakarta Dalam Undang-Undang Dasar 1945

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    Mujar Ibnu Syarif

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: In the second trial BPUPKI, both nationalist and Islamic groups consensual that the future of Indonesia's independence will be based on the principle "godhood by running Shari'ah obligation for adherents". The consensus seems to be built on the foundation is not solid. Therefore it is not surprising that one day after the proclamation of independence, the agreement re-questioned. That same day, PPKI held a hearing to review the deal. As a result, the clause contained in the Preamble of the 1945 Constitution was changed to "Based on Belief in God Almighty". After the issuance of a Presidential Decree, began the debate about the existence of the spirit of the Jakarta Charter in 1945 which is applicable in the context of Indonesian politics in this contemporary age.  Abstrak: Spirit Piagam Jakarta dalam Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 Pasca Lahirnya Dekrit Presiden 5 Juli 1959. Pada sidang kedua Badan Penyelidik Usaha-Usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia (BPUPKI / Dokuritsu Zyunbi Tyosakai yang berlangsung sejak tanggal 10 hingga 16 Juli 1945, baik golongan nasionalis maupun golongan Islam berkonsensus bahwa masa depan Indonesia merdeka akan didasarkan pada sila "Ketuhanan dengan kewajiban menjalankan syari'at Islam bagi pemeluk-pemeluknya".  Penting dicatat, konsensus tersebut agaknya dibangun di atas landasan yang tidak kokoh. Karena itu, tidak aneh bila satu hari setelah proklamasi Kemerdekaan RI, tepatnya tanggal 18 Agustus 1945, kesepakatan tersebut kembali dipersoalkan. Pada hari itu juga, Panitia Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia (PPKI yang dibentuk tanggal 7 Agustus 1945 dan diketuai oleh Soekarno, menyelenggarakan sidang untuk meninjau kembali kesepakatan tersebut. Dalam sidang tersebut, anak kalimat  yang terdapat dalam Pembukaan UUD 1945 (Piagam Jakarta, yakni: "Berdasarkan kepada Ketuhanan, dengan kewajiban menjalankan syari'at Islam bagi pemeluk-pemeluknya" diubah menjadi "Berdasar atas Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa".  Setelah

  19. Climatic Variability In Tropical Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seneviratne, L. W.

    2003-04-01

    atmospheric condition and hence reduces rainfall for about 1.5 years in tropical countries. This was proved in 2001. This forecast was presented as a paper in 1998 Stockholm Water Symposium. The results were true for Brazil as well. The danger is now over when the episode is relaxed. Second half of 2002 was heavily wet and all the tanks in Sri Lanka except Kirindioya complex in Hambanthoa area got filled. This condition was seen in 1997 where all tanks got filled. El Nino analysts declared 1997 as a drought year as the previous year had experienced warming in Pacific Ocean. Southern Oscillation events are now dissociating to conformity. Discussion Hambanthoa District remained in the dry zone of Sri Lanka for 2000 years as the soil forms expressed as reddish brown earths. Original kingdoms had its base in Anuradhapura in Northcentral Province and Magama in Hambanthota district. Tools used by contemporary farmers were not powerful to use enormous water resources in wet zone. A system of diversion dams and use of run of the river irrigation has proved as the main criteria of that era. Diversion dams and canal projects were in existence. The diversion dams with special shape was mistaken by british surveyors and marked as broken dams in plans. DLOMendis later identified these as effective deflecting dams. The purpose was to wet the area to do cultivation. This system of wetting the land was suitable for dry climates with low rainfall. High technology was introduced by Irrigation Department to construct several reservoirs in Hambanthota. This was planned after the insufficient water use of Ellagala anicut from Kirindi Oya. Next step was to plan a reservoir project at Lunugamvehera dam site. Precipitation data available for 50 years were studied and a reservoir was designed for 20 000acres of paddy. It was planned to cultivate rice for Maha season and other field crops for Yala season. Cultivation commenced in 1985 and the farmers had enough water for 20000acres including

  20. Bamboo Fabric: A Study of Using Thick Bamboo Fiber for Producing and Developing Thai Textiles

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    Sisika Wannajun

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The way of life of Thai people has involved utensils or things which made of bamboo since the ancient time. Rural Thai people use bamboo for building houses, making handicrafts, basketwork and household utensils. At present, thick bamboo is used and developed to many new products especially the textile products. Three purposes of this research were these: (1 to investigate the background of Thai textile production, (2 to investigate current situations and difficulties of Thai textile production and (3 to investigate the use of thick bamboo fiber for producing and developing Thai textiles. Approach: Research processes divided into 2 phases were these: the first phase was a quantitative experimental research type of bamboo fibers, the second phase was an application of the results of the first phase research to the phase was a qualitative research. The instruments for collecting data for the second phase research were a survey, an interview, a focus group interview and a workshop. Research areas were Ban Lung Pra Du, Amphoe Huay Talang, Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Amphoe Chonnaabot, Khon Kaen Province and Ban Tha Khon Yang, Amphoe Kantharawichai, Maha Sarakham Province. A sample of 200 people consisted of 20 key informants, 100 casual informants and 100 general informants. Quantitative data were analyzed by descriptive statistics such as percentage, mean and standard deviation. Qualitative data were analyzed by means of an interpretation within the concepts and theories involved. Research results were presented by means of a descriptive analysis. Results: (1 in terms of the background of Thai textile production, it revealed that there were human beings lived in Thailand about 7,000-8,000 years ago and they could use natural fiber from plants and animals for weaving. The evidence which confirmed this truth was the excavation of historical objects in prehistorically sites in Thailand and there were remnants clung to or filled in

  1. A difficult beginning

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    Suneth Agampodi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Anuradhapura clinical society (ACS took a momentous decision this year to improve the quality of Anuradhapura Medical Journal (AMJ, the official journal of ACS. Moving away from the tradition of appointing an editor annually with the change of office bearers of ACS, the society appointed two of us as editors for unlimited period to elevate the quality of AMJ. Previously AMJ was a part of annual scientific sessions and from this year, it was decided to go for a proper journal rather than a conference publication. For all practical reasons we are on probation now! AMJ has been in existence for six volumes. We can assume minimum of six published issues if at least one issue per volume was published, and that’s lot of work. One of the first things we have done is to obtain an International Standard serial Number (ISSN and digitalize the journal. With the help of Sioux Cumming and INASP we have managed to have the volume five and six in the Sri Lanka Journals Online (SLJOL (1. This issue (volume seven is the first issue under our stewardship. In this issue, we have two original articles, two case reports about bugs’ bites, two perspectives, and a review on rhinosporidiosis by a world-renowned expert. Volume seven will have one issue. Hopefully volume eight will at least have two issues per year, Yala and Maha.All original articles, case reports, and perspectives published in this issue are peer-reviewed but not refereed, showing the red card is our job although we are heavily influenced by the reviewers. If we acquire enough merit in this birth, we will be bestowed with reviewers who are conscious of deadlines. But, you researchers can’t wait till the next birth so please keep sending your research to us. If you have not heard from us still, it is because your manuscripts are being peer reviewed.There is a Sinhalese adage that “a devils abode is constructed according to the devil”. The quality of the journal is reflected on the articles it

  2. Proses Kreatif Teater Garasi Yogyakarta Dalam Lakon Waktu Batu

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    Nur Iswantara

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini memahami konsep dan proses kreatif Teater Garasi Yogyakarta (TGY. TGY merupakan salah satu kelompok teater kontemporer Indonesia yang cukup fenomenal. Puluhan karya TGY telah disajikan dihadapan penonton baik di tingkat lokal maupun nasional. Penelitian difokuskan pada faktor-faktor internal dan eksternal yang mempengaruhi situasi kondusif bagi pertumbuhan dan perkembangan kelompok TGY. Teori kreativitas, perbandingan seni, semiotika dan manajemen seni digunakan untuk membedah permasalahan yang diajukan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa TGY berada dalam lingkungan perteateran Yogyakarta yang syarat dengan teater tradisional melakukan ‘pemberontakan’ artistik. Sebagai organisasi seni teater kontemporer, TGY memiliki visi dan misi yang jelas. Melalui ‘laboratorium penciptaan teater’ TGY mampu menghasilkan satu maha karya pertunjukan lakon Waktu Batu (WB. Pertunjukan lakon WB terdiri tiga sub judul: ‘Waktu Batu 1, Kisah-kisah yang Bertemu di Ruang Tunggu’; ‘Waktu Batu 2, Ritus Seratus Kecemasan dan Wajah Siapa yang Terbelah’; dan ‘Waktu Batu 3, Deus ex Machina dan Perasaan-perasaan Padamu’. Karya ini inspiratif karena memakan waktu empat tahun proses kreatifnya, digerakkan oleh insan-insan muda dan dipentaskan road show di berbagai kota di Indonesia dan Singapura.Kata kunci: Teater Garasi, kesenian Yogyakarta, Waktu Batu.ABSTRACTThe Creative Process of Garasi Theater Yogyakarta for the Story of Waktu Batu. The aims of this research is to understand the creative concept and process of Garasi Theater Yogyakarta. It is one of the phenomenal Indonesian contemporary groups of theater. Some of its works have already been performed in front of local and national audiences as well. This research mainly focuses on the internal and external factors which have influnced the condusive situation towards the development and popularity of Garasi Theater Yogyakarta. In order to solve the problems formulated in the

  3. Study of Electron Acceleration and Multiple Dipolarization Fronts in 3D kinetic models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lapenta, Giovanni; Ashour-Abdalla, Maha; Walker, Raymond; El-Alaoui, Mostafa

    2014-05-01

    . [1] Ashour-Abdalla, Maha, et al. "Observations and simulations of non-local acceleration of electrons in magnetotail magnetic reconnection events." Nature Physics 7.4 (2011): 360-365. [2] Markidis, Stefano, and Giovanni Lapenta. "Multi-scale simulations of plasma with iPIC3D." Mathematics and Computers in Simulation 80.7 (2010): 1509-1519. [3] Baumann, G., Troels Haugbølle, and Å. Nordlund. "Kinetic Modeling of Particle Acceleration in a Solar Null-point Reconnection Region." The Astrophysical Journal 771.2 (2013): 93. [4] Daldorff, L. K. S., et al. "Coupling the BATS-R-US global MHD code with the implicit particle-in-cell code iPIC3D." Bulletin of the American Physical Society 58 (2013).

  4. Anti-inflammatory effects of budesonide in human lung fibroblasts are independent of histone deacetylase 2

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    Wang X

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Xingqi Wang,1 Amy Nelson,1 Zachary M Weiler,1 Amol Patil,1 Tadashi Sato,1 Nobuhiro Kanaji,1 Masanori Nakanishi,1 Joel Michalski,1 Maha Farid,1 Hesham Basma,1 Tricia D LeVan,1 Anna Miller-Larsson,2 Elisabet Wieslander,2 Kai-Christian Muller,3 Olaf Holz,3 Helgo Magnussen,3 Klaus F Rabe,3 Xiangde Liu,1 Stephen I Rennard1 1Pulmonary, Critical Care, Sleep and Allergy Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA; 2AstraZeneca R&D Molndal, Molndal, Sweden; 3Hospital Grosshansdorf, Center for Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery, Grosshansdorf, Germany Objective and design: Reduced expression of histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2 in alveolar macrophages and epithelial cells may account for reduced response of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD patients to glucocorticoids. HDAC2 expression and its role in mediating glucocorticoid effects on fibroblast functions, however, has not been fully studied. This study was designed to investigate whether HDAC2 mediates glucocorticoid effects on release of inflammatory cytokines and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs from human lung fibroblasts. Methods: Human lung fibroblasts (HFL-1 cells were stimulated with interleukin (IL-1β plus tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α in the presence or absence of the glucocorticoid budesonide. Cytokines (IL-6 and IL-8 were quantified by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA and MMPs (MMP-1 and MMP-3 by immunoblotting in culture medium. The role of HDAC2 was investigated using a pharmacologic inhibitor as well as a small interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA targeting HDAC2. Results: We have demonstrated that budesonide concentration-dependently (10-10–10-7 M inhibited IL-6, IL-8, MMP-1, and MMP-3 release by HFL-1 cells in response to IL-1β plus TNF-a. While an HDAC inhibitor significantly blocked the inhibitory effect of budesonide on human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs and monocytes (THP-1 cells, it did not block the inhibitory

  5. Ocular manifestations of idiopathic aplastic anemia: retrospective study and literature review

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    Mansour AM

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Ahmad M Mansour,1 Jong Wook Lee,2 Seung Ah Yahng,2 Kyu Seop Kim,3 Maha Shahin,4 Nelson Hamerschlak,5 Rubens N Belfort,6 Shree K Kurup71Department of Ophthalmology, American University of Beirut, Rafic Hariri University Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon; 2Division of Hematology, Seoul St Mary’s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul St Mary’s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 4Department of Ophthalmology, Mansoura University, Mansoura City, Egypt; 5Oncology and Hematology Program, Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil; 6Vision Institute, Hospital São Paulo, Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil; 7Department of Ophthalmology, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem, NC, USAAbstract: Aplastic anemia (AA is a rare disease with few reports on its ophthalmic ­manifestations. The ocular findings are described in a retrospective consecutive series of 719 AA Korean patients followed at the Hematology Clinic of The Catholic University of Korea. Out of a total of 719 patients, 269 patients had eye examinations, 156 patients had retinal evaluation, and 37 (23.7% had retinal findings. These 37 patients had unilateral retinal ­hemorrhage in seven and bilateral retinal hemorrhage in 30 with mean hemoglobin of 6.6 g/dL (range 2.7–12.6 g/dL and platelet counts of 18.8×109/L (range 4–157×109/L; central retinal vein occlusion-like picture occurred in nine patients and these had similar rheology to the rest of the subjects; optic disc edema, cotton-wool spots, macular edema, and dry eyes occurred in two, three, five, and three patients, respectively. In this Korean series of 141 subjects with AA, systemic bleeding occurred in 24.8% of subjects, retinal hemorrhage in 37% of subjects, and any bleeding site (eye or elsewhere occurred in 47.5% of subjects with AA. A

  6. PENGARUH RUWATAN MURWOKOLO TERHADAP KESEHATAN

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    Sugeng Rahanto

    2013-03-01

    hidupnya. Mereka itu dalam Budaya Jawa disebut "sukerto". Seseorang yang sudah di ruwat diharapkan akan mendapatkan ketenangan hidup/keselamatan dari Tuhan Yang Maha Esa. Saat ini ruwatan masih banyak dilakukan oleh masyarakat terutama etnis Jawa. Metode: Penelitian ini dilakukan di kota Surabaya merupakan penelitian kuasi eksperimental dengan memberikan intervensi berupa perlakuan upacara ruwatan kepada sekelompok peserta ruwatan dan kemudian dilakukan pengukuran dampak ruwatan terhadap kesehatan. Untuk pelaksanaan penelitian diperlukan waktu 6bulan. Sasaran penelitian adalah peserta ruwatan yaitu masyarakat umum yang merasa sebagai sukerto. Hasil: Studi menunjukkan bahwa responden beragam terdiri dari berbagai usia. Sebagian besar beragama lslam (96,7%, suku bangsa Jawa (98,3%, belum menikah (86,7%, pendidikan mulai dari belum sekolah sampai dengan perguruan tinggi. Tiga alasan utama responden mengikuti ruwatan adalah: agar rejeki membaik (60%, terhindar bencana (58% dan terhindar penyakit (53%. Sedangkan siapa yang mendorong untuk ikut ruwatan, 62% atas keinginan orang tua. Kesimpulan: Ruwatan memberikan perubahan lebih baik pada masalah mental dan sosial. Sedangkan dalam masalah kesehatan fisik, ruwatan kurang dapat diandalkan untuk proses penyembuhan. Kata kunci: ruwatan, sukerto, kesehatan fisik, mental, sosial

  7. TRANSFORMATION OF MAQÂSHID Al-SYARÎ’AH (An Overview of the Development of Islamic Law in Indonesia

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    Absori .

    2016-07-01

    mana dapat dimaknai dalam cakupan kehidupan bernegara, karena makna yang terkandung adalah nilai-nilai universalitas dari maqâshid al-syarî`ah. Dalam konteks keindonesiaan, maka maqâshid al-syarî`ah merupakan bagian dari konsepsi dasar berketuhanan Yang Maha Esa dengan tujuan menciptakan kesejahteraan bagi rakyat Indonesia. Dalam kajian ini, pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendekatan doktrinal dengan mendasarkan kepada kajian kepustakaan. Kajian ini merupakan penguatan maqâshid al-syarî`ah sebagai dasar pem-bangunan hukum Islam.

  8. The Buddha Images and Conservation and Adherence to Cultural Values in Northeast

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    Athikan Suksri

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This study is caused by the problem of conservation of the Buddha images to exist in the original condition and by the problem of transference and adherence to indigenous knowledge of local craftsmen. At present there have not yet been systematic and wide conservation and adherence to the Buddha images. Other causes are such as incorrect techniques of conserving the Buddha images, lack of encouraging people and the community to appreciate the Buddha images, incorrect techniques of restoring the Buddha images, lack of increment of economic and cultural values in terms of tourism, lack of correct techniques of studying styles of the Buddha images to rebuild the styles for the community to appreciate local art, lack of clear examination of the background and there have not been comparative studies to find out relationships with other localities. Purposes were to examine backgrounds of Isan Buddha images and iconology, to examine current conditions and problems of the Buddha images and to investigate models of conservation and adherence to cultural values in Iran. Study area covered Changwat Maha Sarakham, Changwat Kalasin and Changwat Roi Et where there have been long backgrounds and continuous developments of the Buddha image in all Ages. Approach: This study used qualitative methodology by collecting data from related literature and from field studies by interviews and focused group discussion from totally 66 informants. Findings were presented by means of a descriptive analysis. Results: The result of this research revealed that there were 5 models of the Buddha image art found in Isan: Sandstone Buddha images, baked-clay votive tablets, cast motar Buddha images, bronze Buddha images and wooden Buddha images. They were in the Periods of Dvaravati, Lop Buri and Lan Chang. The Buddha images were popularly built in many different styles such as concentration style, double-miracle style, nag-over-his-head style, blessing style

  9. KATA PENGANTAR

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    Editorial Team

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Om Swastiastu, Segala puja dan puji kami panjatkan kehadirat Tuhan Yang Maha Esa / Ida Hyang Widhi Wasa karena atas anugerah Nya dapat tersusun Jurnal Magister Hukum Udayana (Udayana Master Law Journal Vol. 5 No. 1 di tahun 2016. Edisi ini kembali menyajikan  beberapa artikel  yang hampir sebagian besar merupakan artikel  para mahasiswa Program Magister PPs Universitas Udayana yang merupakan salah satu prasyarat sebelum mereka menempuh ujian tesisnya, dan beberapa artikel dari para dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Udayana. Hampir tidak terasa kita melewati tahun 2015 ini pada  penghujung  bulan ke lima.  Tentunya banyak tugas-tugas yang merupakan target yang telah kita kerjakan dan ada pula yang belum terselesaikan. Redaksi sangat bergembira karena masih tingginya antusisme para penulis yang mengirimkan artikelnya untuk dapat diterbitkan dalam  jurnal kesayangan ini.  Melalui seleksi dari para reviewer dan mitra bestari, maka redaksi dapat menerbitkan 18 artikel  pada edisi Vol. 5 No. 1 ini. Mengawali edisi ini, kami sajikan artikel Interpretasi Kerugian Dalam Tindak Pidana Pemalsuan Surat oleh Wayan Santosa, dilanjutkan dengan  Perspektif Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 2011 Tentang Perumahan Dan Kawasan Permukiman Terhadap Perlindungan Hak Konsumen Dalam Jual Beli Perumahan  yang merupakan artikel dari Ni Ketut Dewi Megawati. Dilanjutkan dengan prmbahasana tentang  Pengaturan Pengalihan Piutang Dari Klien Kepada Perusahaan Factor Dalam Kegiatan Anjak Piutang  oleh Anak Agung Putu Krisna Putra dan I Made Udiana. Keberadaan Perma pada tahun 2008 telah membuat hakim memiliki peran ganda yang saling bertentangan. Dampak dari posisi dan peran ganda hakim di pengadilan merupakan akumulasi dari dokumen kasus yang masih terjadi karena jumlah hakim tidak sebanding dengan intensitas kasus yang masuk dan juga karena hakim yang mendominasi proses mediasi peradilan masih sangat jarang untuk melihat keberhasilan. Hal ini lebih dalam dapat diikuti

  10. Creating and Developing a Service Network of Stage Costume Business in Isan Community

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    Ourarom Chantamala

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: A lot of stage costume businesses in Isan community (northeast community of Thailand cannot expand their business into larger scales because the owners mange everything by themselves so it cause a lot of difficulties such as a lack of low cost stage costume sources. Approach: This research aimed to examine 3 points. First, to examine the background of stage costume business in Isan community in the past. Second, to examine the situation and difficulties of stage costume business in Isan community at present. And third, to examine the creation and development of a network of stage costume business in Isan Community. The data were collected by a literature survey, an observation and an interview in the field. The research areas were the districts of Maha Sarakham, Roi Et and Yasothon Province. A total of 15 shops were selected from 5 shops of each province and each shop had carried forward more than 5 years. The results were presented according to research purposes by means of a descriptive analysis. Results: The results revealed that the background of stage costume business of Isan community in the past began with people made costume themselves for dressing during a festival or traditional celebration. Since 1982 educational institutes have arranged learning activities on music and dramatic arts. Each of them has revived ancient tradition and art, performed both Thai and folk dramatic art. Thus stage costume business have started widely for serving the business have started widely for serving the public since then. The main situation and difficulty of stage costume business in Isan Community was the owners managed everything by themselves that caused a loss of stage costume, a lack of assistance, a lack of low cost costume sources, a competition in business and loan raising and a difficult in business expansion. The creation and development of a service network of stage costume business in Isan community was a step

  11. The Role of Groundwater and Reservoir Interaction in Salinity Distribution in a Saline Area in the Northeastern Part of Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seeboonruang, U.

    2012-12-01

    Salinity is a process by which the concentration of soluble salt in soil and water increases. Human activities can, however, disrupt this natural equilibrium by changing the distribution of salt in the environment. Reservoirs have played a number of crucial roles in the development of human civilization. The main purposes of reservoirs are to prevent floods, to supply water for domestic consumption, to generate electricity, and to irrigate farmlands. Despite various benefits, reservoirs could bring about adverse environmental and social impacts. Infiltration or leakage from man-made reservoirs or dams could cause the change of the groundwater level, thus forcing the deposited salt onto the soil surface and/or waterways. Until now, it is nevertheless unclear as to how the operation and maintenance of reservoirs could impact in a saline soil area physically, environmentally, and/or socially. The purpose of this research is therefore to assess the impacts of reservoirs on groundwater and salinity levels in a saline soil area in the northeastern part of Thailand. Saline soil can be found in many regions of Thailand, particularly in the northeast of Thailand where the Maha Sarakham Foundation, which is composed of imbedded salt rock layers, is the main source of salinity in the region. The salinity accumulation on the surface soil is influenced by the brackish groundwater upward flow and evaporation processes. The study area is located in Nakhon Panom Province in the northeastern part of Thailand along the Great Mekong River and has a total area of approximately 1,300 km2. The yearly evaporation rate in this region is as high as the annual evaporation rate. A reservoir was constructed in the low-lying floodplain area of the Nam Kam basin and started operation since a few years ago. The reservoir is located right in the middle of the floodplain where flood always occurs every rainy season. Groundwater levels are measured and groundwater samples are collected for p

  12. MENGEFEKTIFKAN PERAN MAHASISWA PESERTA PENGAJARAN MIKRO DALAM MENSUPERVISI PELAKSANAAN PENGAJARAN MIKRO

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    Sukaswanto Sukaswanto

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT This reserach aims at accelerating the mastery of teaching skills by involving the students as supervisor on Micro Teaching course. This reserach can be catagorized as action research with Kurt Lewin Model which consisted of four stages, namely planning, action, observation, and reflection. The reserach subject was the students of Automotive Engineering Education Faculty of Engineering Yogyakarta State University who joined Micro Teaching corse in the academic year of 2010/ 2011. This reserach was conducted on April to May 2011. The reserach instruments were using observation sheet and evaluation sheet for learning process. The actions were catagorized successful if at least 65% of the students of Micro Teaching course obtained the score of 81 or more before the final week of the course. Data analysis technique was using comparative-quantitaive technique. The result showed that 1 by triggering the students to be a supervisor, the students became aware of teacher role that made their teaching performance better. The students obtained better score where the score of 81 or more (66.6% than last semester (55.5%, 2 The interval to obatain target score can be accomplished faster than the last semester, 3 There were also other positive effects of giving the role of supervisor for the students, i.e. trained the students to give opinion (verbal. The students become accustomed to speak fluently, as required for being teacher.     Keywords: teaching skills, students role, supervisor ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui apakah dengan melibatkan maha-siswa peserta kuliah Pengajaran Mikro secara aktif sebagai supervisor dapat mempercepat penguasaan keterampilan mengajar bagi mahasiswa peserta kuliah Pengajaran Mikro. Penelitian ini merupakan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas model Kurt Lewin, yang meliputi empat tahap, yaitu perencanaan, tindakan, pengamatan dan refleksi. Subyek dalam penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa Program Studi Pendidikan Teknik

  13. On the Relationship between Motivating Style and Elementary Students' Creative Thinking: The Mediating Role of Autonomous Motivation%动机的激发与小学生创造思维的关系:自主性动机的中介作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张景焕; 刘桂荣; 师玮玮; 付秀君

    2011-01-01

    creative thinking; while CM could not predict creative thinking. (3) AM played as a mediating role between the relationship of motivating style and creative thinking. To be specific, AM wholly mediated the relationship of MC and fluency, MA/HA and originality, and partially mediated the relationship of MA/HA and fluency. The results derived from this thesis indicated that SDT does have cross-cultural generalization, though there were some specific points regarding Chinese students that may be due to Chinese culture. These results imply that support from significant others do impact Chinese students. We can nurture children's creative thinking by creating a supportive social climate and facilitating the more self-determined motivation.%基于自我决定论的理论框架,采用动机激发类型问卷、学业自主调节问卷和托兰斯创造性思维测验(图画)对305名小学五、六年级学生进行问卷调查,考察小学高年级学生的动机激发类型、动机调节方式与创造思维的关系.研究发现:(1)中度控制/中度自主/高度自主的动机激发类型均能显著正向预测创造思维;而高度控制的动机激发类型对创造思维的预测作用不显著.(2)自主性动机显著正向预测创造思维;控制性动机对创造思维的预测作用不显著.(3)自主性动机在中度控制和创造思维间起完全中介作用、在中度自主/高度自主和创造思维之间起部分中介作用.在创造思维各个维度上,自主性动机在中度控制和流畅性间、在中度自主/高度自主和独创性间起完全中介作用;在中度自主/高度自主和流畅性之间起部分中介作用.研究结果基本支持自我决定论的有关理论预期,但在中度控制的动机激发类型上得出了与理论预期不一致的结论,作者对此从文化的角度进行了讨论.

  14. PREFACE: 11th IAEA Technical Meeting on H-mode Physics and Transport Barriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takizuka, Tomonori

    2008-07-01

    (University of Tsukuba, Japan) K Itoh (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) S-I Itoh (Kyushu University, Japan) F Jenko (Max-Plank-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Germany) D Kalupin (Institut für Plasmaphysik, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Germany) Y Kamada (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) N Kasuya (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) I Katanuma (University of Tsukuba, Japan) M Kimura (Kyushu University, Japan) A Kirk (EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, UK) S Kitajima (Tohoku University, Japan) S Kobayashi (Kyoto University, Japan) T Kobuchi (Tohoku University, Japan) J Kohagura (University of Tsukuba, Japan) P T Lang (Max-Plank-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Germany) S V Lebedev (Ioffe Institute, Russia) A W Leonard (General Atomics, USA) J Q Li (Kyoto University, Japan) A Malaquias (International Atomic Energy Agency) Y R Martin (Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, EPFL, Switzerland) C J McDevitt (University of California, San Diego, USA) D C McDonald (EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, UK) H Meyer (EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, UK) C A Michael (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) K Miki (Kyushu University, Japan) R Minami (University of Tsukuba, Japan) T Minami (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) Y Miyata (University of Tsukuba, Japan) N Miyato (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) Y Motegi (University of Tsukuba, Japan) V Mukhovatov (ITER Organization) S Murakami (Kyoto University, Japan) Y Nagashima (Kyushu University, Japan) Y Nakashima (University of Tsukuba, Japan) T Numakura (University of Tsukuba, Japan) S Ohshima (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) T Oishi (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) T Onjun (Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thailand) T H Osborne (GENERAL Atomics, USA) N Oyama (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) T Ozeki (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) V Parail (EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, UK) A Polevoi (ITER Organization, France) J E Rice (MIT Plasma Science

  15. Design Techniques for Power-Aware Combinational Logic SER Mitigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahatme, Nihaar N.

    SEUs. This was mainly because the operating frequencies were much lower for older technology generations. The Intel Pentium II for example was fabricated using 0.35 microm technology and operated between 200-330 MHz. With technology scaling however, operating frequencies have increased tremendously and the contribution of soft errors due to latched SETs from combinational logic could account for a significant proportion of the chip-level soft error rate [Sief-12][Maha-11][Shiv02] [Bu97]. Therefore there is a need to systematically characterize the problem of combinational logic single-event effects (SEE) and understand the various factors that affect the combinational logic single-event error rate. Just as scaling has led to soft errors emerging as a reliability-limiting failure mode for modern digital ICs, the problem of increasing power consumption has arguably been a bigger bane of scaling. While Moore's Law loftily states the blessing of technology scaling to be smaller and faster transistor it fails to highlight that the power density increases exponentially with every technology generation. The power density problem was partially solved in the 1970's and 1980's by moving from bipolar and GaAs technologies to full-scale silicon CMOS technologies. Following this however, technology miniaturization that enabled high-speed, multicore and parallel computing has steadily increased the power density and the power consumption problem. Today minimizing the power consumption is as much critical for power hungry server farms as it for portable devices, all pervasive sensor networks and future eco-bio-sensors. Low-power consumption is now regularly part of design philosophies for various digital products with diverse applications from computing to communication to healthcare. Thus designers in today's world are left grappling with both a "power wall" as well as a "reliability wall". Unfortunately, when it comes to improving reliability through soft error mitigation, most

  16. KATA PENGANTAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Team

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Om Swastiastu Om Atas restu Ida Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa/Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, perubahan kearah yang lebih baik selalu menjadi tujuan keberadaan Jurnal Magister Hukum Udayana (Udayana Master Law Journal, dalam rangka menyebarluaskan informasi maupun edukasi keilmuan, khususnya ilmu hukum, konsistensi dalam setiap jadwal terbitan selalu kami perhatikan dengan tetap berpegang teguh pada kejujuran intelektual, hal tersebut terimplementasi dengan terbitnya Jurnal Magister Hukum (Udayana Master Law Journal Volume 5 Nomor 2 ditahun 2016. Pada tahun 2016, pergantian manajemen dalam hal ini pengelolaan Program Magister (S2 Ilmu Hukum, diikuti dengan penyegaran jajaran pengelola Jurnal Magister Hukum Udayana (Udayana Master Law Journal, dan diharapkan dengan penyegaran ini Jurnal Magister Hukum dapat segera mencapai target sebagai Jurnal Terakreditasi. Pada edisi ini tersajikan 14 artikel, yang keseluruhannya merupakan karya dari mahasiswa-mahasiswa Program Magister (S2 Ilmu Hukum Program Pasca Sarjana Universitas Udayana, diawali karya oleh Gde Andika Sumadi dengan judul “Pengaturan Rekapitalisasi Perseroan Terbatas,” diikuti dengan artikel yang berjudul “Membangun Politik Hukum Responsif Perspektif Ius Constituendum” karya Nur Sodiq. Berikutnya Eny Heri Manik menekankan pada “Bantuan Hukum Dan Penyantunan Terpidana Perspektif Sistem Peradilan Pidana Indonesia,” serta diikuti dengan karya yang mengangkat tema yang hampir sama yaitu dengan judul “Eksistensi Paralegal Dalam Mengoptimalkan Pemberian Bantuan Hukum Berdasarkan Undang-Undang No. 16 Tahun 2011Tentang Bantuan Hukum” yang ditulis oleh Gede Agung Wirawan Nusantara. Hak Atas Kekayaan Intelektual menjadi perhatian dari Nyoman Supariyani dalam tulisannya “Perlindungan Hak Kekayaan Intelektual terhadap Tas Bermerek yang Diimport ke Indonesia.” Pada halaman yang lain, I Putu Oka Pratiwi Widasmara mengusung tema terkait “Pengaturan Terhadap Keterwakilan Perempuan Dalam Undang- Undang

  17. A deworming field trial with ivermectin (MSD in reindeer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Nordkvist

    1984-05-01

    vasaa (15 m + 14 f ivermectinillå (Ivomec, 1 % MSD, 1 ml vasaa kohden, ruiskutcttuna nahan alle. Loput 25 vasaa toimivat kåsittelemåttominå tarkkailuelåiminå. 21 huhtikuuta 1983 (147 påivån jålkeen punnittiin uudelleen 44 (24 kåsiteltyå + 20 tarkkailuelåintå alkuperåisistå elåimistå. Joka ryhmåstå teurastettiin 5 poroa ja ruho ja sisåelimet tutkittiin parasitoloogisesti. Kåsittelyn vaikutus oli 100% tai låhes tåydellinen seuraavia kohtaan: Oedemagena tarandi, Cephenemyia trompe, Dictyocaulus viviparus, Elapohostrongylus rangiferi sekå myoskin mitå tulee matojen munien esiintymiseen sonnassa. Vaikutus maha - ja suolistomatoihin oli, kåsittelyn ajankohdan huomioonottaen, vaikeasti ratkaistavissa. Vaikutus juoksutusmahoihin (trichostrongylida oli myos vaikeasti ratkaistavissa ja siitå keskustellaan tekstisså. Porojen ruhojen painon suhteellinen muutos, t.s. muutos suhteessa alkuperåispainoon on arvioitu ja tilastollisesti kåsitelty. Voitiin silloin todeta — ettå kaikki porot olivat kevcntyneet painossaan, — ettå kåsiteltyjen urosvasojen keskimååråinen painonvåhennys oli merkitsevåsti alhaisempi kuin kåsittelemåttomien urosvasojen, — ettå kåsiteltyjen naarasvasoien keskimååråinen painonvåhennys ei eronnut tilastollistesti kåsittelemåttomien naarasvasojen painonvåhennyksestå, — ettå koko kåsitellyn ryhmån keskimååråinen painonvåhennys oli merkitsevåsti alhaisempi kuin kåsittelemåttomåsså ryhmåsså.

  18. The Application of Local Wisdom for Production of Condiment Isan' Food Ingredient into Commercial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nitchapanrawee Phengphol

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The problem of the research derives from a lack of study and understanding about the production of condiment Isan food and ingredients being introduced into commercial, even though Isan food is popular among consumers widespread both inside and outside the country. The government introduced a policy to expand trade to create an export value of Isan products. The purpose of the research is to study the local wisdom in the field of the application of the ingredients used in Isan food. In addition, the purpose is to study about the problems of applying local wisdom to produce Isan food for consumption into commercial. Approach: The fields of study are Kalasin, Khon kaen, Maha Sarakham and Roi-Et. These are the places of Isan food local culture and original application of Isan food that have been producing to the present and also popular among the consumers widespread. There are 5 types of food that are chosen to be the proposition; Kaeng Wai (Curry Wai, Kai Yang (Roasting chicken, Tom Kai Ban (Boiled chicken, Mok Lab Pla Thong (Grilled Lab Pla Thong and Om Pla (Fish soup from 9 restaurants. Using Qualitative Research for data gathering from the concerning document, the data will be collected from fieldwork, survey, observation, interviews and focus group discussion from a group of totally 71 informants, presenting the result by using analytical descriptive. Results: The local wisdom of application of Isan food ingredients is a herb that is easy to find in the local area. It is used for the deodorizing of meat and as a garnish to give taste and flavor to the consumer. Isan food is highlighted as spicy and salty. A Spicy taste is from hot chili and dried chili. A Salty taste can be regarded as an important deliciousness that is an identity of Isan food from pickled fish and salt. A Sour test derives from tamarinds. Ya Nang (Tiliacora triandra is used in order to reduce uric acid of Wai (Calamus caesius Blume. Adding ginger, Kha

  19. Experiment of emissions characteristics for double swirl combustion system in diesel engine%柴油机双卷流燃烧系统排放特性试验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏立旺; 李向荣; 李杰; 赵陆明; 张长岭; 刘福水

    2013-01-01

    soot (main section of PM) can be reduced effectively duo to this progress. To verify the hypothesis, the emission characteristics of diesel engine adopted DS chamber and the original chamber were tested in present paper. The engine tests were based on a 132-mm single-cylinders diesel engine, the corresponding stroke length is 145 mm, connecting rod length is 262 mm, and the maximum engine speed is 2500 r/min. The PM level in the exhaust gas was measured with a MAHA MPM-4 PM analyzer, the readings of which are provided as PM concentration in mg/m3, whose accuracy within ±0.01 mg/m3. The NOx concentration in ppm (parts per million, by vol.) in the exhaust was measured with a HORIBA MEXA-720 NOx analyzer with the accuracy within ±1×10-6. The test was conducted at 1300 r/min (full load), 1600 r/min (25%load, 50% load, 75% load, full load), 1900 r/min (full load) and 2100 r/min (rated speed, full load). The 1300 r/min, 1600 r/min, 1900 r/min correspond to the engine speed A, B, C ruled in the European Stationary Cycle (ESC) test. The weight of each engine speed (A, B, C) in the ESC test are 23, 39, 23, so different loads of engine speed B (1600/min) were tested in our research to study the emission characteristic of the test engine. The emitted PM, NOx, brake specific fuel consumption and cylinder pressure had been measured. Meanwhile, the rate of heat release and mean cylinder temperature had been analyzed in both original diesel engine and the diesel engine matched with DSCS. The test results (full load) show that the PM emitted by the engine matched with DSCS is significantly lower than the original, with the reduction being higher at high engine speed in the range of 7%~47%. While the emitted NOx of the engine matched with DSCS is higher than the original. The test results (25%load, 50%load, 75%load, full load at 1600 r/min) indicated that the emitted PM and NOx differ slightly at lower load, and the reason can be explained as:the penetration of the fuel spray is

  20. The Tibetan Concept of Ethics and Morality in Daofu County of Sichuan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GENJIA Wengmu; LIAO Hongyu

    2014-01-01

    morality in folk literature .Folk literature is another mirror that accumulates, pre-serves and reflects the Tibetan's concept of ethics and morality.For thousands of years, the tradition-al ethics and morals of the Daofu Tibetans have been given a vivid and lively interpretation in the proverbs and folk stories of Daofu .Proverbs and folk stories are the two most representative styles in the folk literature of the Tibetans in Daofu .They are the cultural artistic forms with unique ethnic characters created in the process of the Daofu Ti-betans’ living and production .The proverbs and folk stories open a door for us to step into the spir-itual world of the common Tibetan .Moreover, the concept of virtue and vice has always been a value system with which to judge the moral standard in the Tibetan society .Speaking from moral philoso-phy, virtues are moral, and vices are immoral.It is a moral evaluation of an individual or a group and involves all aspects of the society .In brief, most orally transmitted literature is always filled with the praises about the bravery, strength, hard-working, kindness, and the philosophy of Tibetan Buddhism, including promoting good and abstai-ning from evil, cause-and-effect transmigration, maha-karuniko, benefitting the whole and self-lessness .All of these can still give people great enlightenment and moral lessons . The Daofu Tibetan's concept of ethics and mo-rality has the following basic characteristicFirst-ly, it takes religious morality as its core;secondly, it is characterized by of compatibility and open-ness; thirdly, it is characterized by universality;fourthly, it is characterized by stability and gradual change.In general, during the long process of the history, the Tibetans who have lived in Daofu of western Sichuan for generations are gradually de-veloping, continuing, and enriching their value system of ethics and morals from their own unique way of thinking .It is not only an important part of the Tibetan culture, but