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Sample records for maha chakri sirindhorn

  1. Visit of Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, Thailand

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2000-01-01

    Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand (left) visiting DELPHI with Spokesman, Tiziano Camporesi, and Prapol Assavavirulhakarn, Pattaratorn Chirapravati, Claude Détraz, CERN Director for Fixed Target andFuture Programmes and Richard Breedon, University of California. No. 05: Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn and Daniel Treille, former spokesman of Delphi. No. 31: in Delphi experiment. No. 35: H.E. Mr. Virasakdi Futrakul, Ambassador, Permanent Representative ofThailand, Geneva with H.E. Dr. Ronarong Nopakun, Ambassador of the Thai Embassy in Bern

  2. Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, The Kingdom of Thailand at SM18 with (from left to right) A. De Roeck, P. Thajchayapong, F. Bordry, E. Tsesmelis and J. Ellis on Tuesday 13th April 2010

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice; SM18

    2010-01-01

    Her Royal Highness Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, The Kingdom of Thailand at SM18 with (from left to right) A. De Roeck, P. Thajchayapong, F. Bordry, E. Tsesmelis and J. Ellis on Tuesday 13th April 2010

  3. Conference RSIS - (The role of science in the information society) - Contributions to Education Ministry - Building 500, Council Chamber - Speech given by Ms. H.R.H. Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, Princess of Thailand.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2003-01-01

    Conference RSIS - (The role of science in the information society) - Contributions to Education Ministry - Building 500, Council Chamber - Speech given by Ms. H.R.H. Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, Princess of Thailand.

  4. 16 March 2009 - HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn, Kingdom of Thailand, visiting CMS experimental area and LHC tunnel with Coordinator for external relations F. Pauss and Collaboration Spokesperson T. Virdee.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2009-01-01

    Photo 1: Relations with Non-Member State E. Tsesmelis, CMS Collaboration Spokesperson T. Virdee, HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn and Coordinator for External relations F. Pauss, in CMS experimental area. Photo 2-12: Arrival of HRH at building 160: Posy presented to HRH by E. and F. Breedon; Welcome line: Director-General R. Heuer who introduces S. Bertolucci, F. Pauss, E. Tsesmelis, A. de Roeck, R. Breedon and Protocol Officer W. Korda. Photo 13-26:Presentation by Director-General R. Heuer and Head of Education R. Landua. Photo 27-30: Welcome at CMS by Spokesperson T. Virdee Photo 31-43: LHC tunnel visit Photo 44 - 60: CMS underground area visit Photo 61-63: HRH signs the guest book in the SCX5 conference room Photo 64-69: Signature of an expression of interest between SLRI and CMS Photo 75-88: Final discussion with Coordinator for External relation F. Pauss and Director-General R. Heuer.

  5. Princess of Thailand returns to CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Stefania Pandolfi

    2015-01-01

    On Tuesday, 17 November 2015, HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand visited CERN. Princess Sirindhorn was visiting the Laboratory for the fifth time, following her last visit in 2010.   Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand (center) witnesses the signing of the collaboration agreement between CERN and SLRI, represented by Rolf Heuer (right) and Professor Sarawut Sujitjorn (left) respectively. The Princess was accompanied by a delegation that included the Director of the Synchrotron Light Research Institute (SLRI) in Thailand, Professor Sarawut Sujitjorn, and a large group of Thailand’s Diplomatic Representatives in Switzerland. Upon her arrival, Princess Sirindhorn was welcomed by CERN Director-General Rolf Heuer and the Director-General Designate, Fabiola Gianotti. At CERN, the Princess was given a brief update on the Laboratory’s activities since her last visit, in April 2010. Later on, she witnessed the signature of the f...

  6. A Princess at CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    On 16 March HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn of Thailand visited CERN for the third time. After meeting the Director-General, she toured the CMS experimental area and LHC tunnel with Coordinator for external relations Felicitas Pauss and CMS Spokesperson Jim Virdee. During her visit she took a particular interest in CERN’s education programme. From left to right, Emmanuel Tsesmelis, from the CERN Directorate’s office, Jim Virdee, CMS Spokesperson, the Princess of Thailand and Felicitas Pauss, CERN Coordinator for external relations.

  7. Kondisi oral higiene dan karies gigi pada vegetarian dan non vegetarian di Maha Vihara Maitreya Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Prawira, Albert

    2011-01-01

    Perbedaan pola makan antara vegetarian dan non vegetarian dapat mempengaruhi kesehatan gigi dan mulut. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui kondisi oral higiene dan karies gigi pada umat vegetarian dan non vegetarian di Maha Vihara Maitreya Medan. Jenis penelitian adalah survei deskriptif. Sampel terdiri atas 74 vegetarian dan 65 non vegetarian. Pemeriksaan oral higiene dan karies gigi masing-masing menggunakan indeks OHIS Greene dan Vermillion dan indeks DMFT Klein, se...

  8. Plan estratégico de la empresa Maha-Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Albán Pérez, Eduardo

    2004-01-01

    Desde principios del siglo veinte, la industria automotriz se ha caracterizado por ser una de las más rentables e innovadoras, dando lugar a la creación de productos y servicios complementarios que satisfacen una serie de necesidades inherentes al mantenimiento, servicio técnico y control vehicular, que son aprovechadas de forma óptima por empresas que desarrollan tecnología de punta en la fabricación de estos productos y servicios. El mercado dentro del cual se desempeña la empresa Maha-Ecua...

  9. MAHA: A comprehensive system for the storage and visualization of subsoil data for seismic microzonation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Felice, P.; Spadoni, M.

    2013-04-01

    MAHA is a database-centred software system for the storage and visualization of subsoil data used for the production of seismic microzonation maps in Italy. The application was implemented using open source software in order to grant its maximum diffusion and customization. A conceptual model of the subsoil, jointly developed by the Italian National Research Council and the National Department of Civil Protection, inspired the structure of the underlying database, consisting of 15 tables, 3 of which of spatial nature to accommodate geo-referenced data associated to points, lines and polygons. A web-GIS interface acts as a bridge between the user and the database, drives the input of geo-referenced data and enables the users to formulate different types of spatial queries. A series of forms designed "ad hoc" and enriched with combo boxes provide guided procedures to maximize the fluency of data entry and to reduce the possibility of erroneous typing. One of these procedures helps to transform the descriptions of the geological units (granular materials), given in technical paper documents by using a conversational style, into standardized numeric codes. Summary reports, produced in the pdf format, can be generated through decoding and graphic display of the parameters previously entered in the database. MAHA was approved by the national commission for seismic microzonation established by the Italian Prime Minister and, in the next years, it is expected to significantly support the entire process of map production in the urban areas more exposed to seismic hazard.

  10. Phenotypic plasticity in the range-margin population of the lycaenid butterfly Zizeeria maha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otaki Joji M

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many butterfly species have been experiencing the northward range expansion and physiological adaptation, probably due to climate warming. Here, we document an extraordinary field case of a species of lycaenid butterfly, Zizeeria maha, for which plastic phenotypes of wing color-patterns were revealed at the population level in the course of range expansion. Furthermore, we examined whether this outbreak of phenotypic changes was able to be reproduced in a laboratory. Results In the recently expanded northern range margins of this species, more than 10% of the Z. maha population exhibited characteristic color-pattern modifications on the ventral wings for three years. We physiologically reproduced similar phenotypes by an artificial cold-shock treatment of a normal southern population, and furthermore, we genetically reproduced a similar phenotype after selective breeding of a normal population for ten generations, demonstrating that the cold-shock-induced phenotype was heritable and partially assimilated genetically in the breeding line. Similar genetic process might have occurred in the previous and recent range-margin populations as well. Relatively minor modifications expressed in the tenth generation of the breeding line together with other data suggest a role of founder effect in this field case. Conclusions Our results support the notion that the outbreak of the modified phenotypes in the recent range-margin population was primed by the revelation of plastic phenotypes in response to temperature stress and by the subsequent genetic process in the previous range-margin population, followed by migration and temporal establishment of genetically unstable founders in the recent range margins. This case presents not only an evolutionary role of phenotypic plasticity in the field but also a novel evolutionary aspect of range expansion at the species level.

  11. The Lycaenid Central Symmetry System: Color Pattern Analysis of the Pale Grass Blue Butterfly Zizeeria maha.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwata, Masaki; Taira, Wataru; Hiyama, Atsuki; Otaki, Joji M

    2015-06-01

    The nymphalid groundplan has been proposed to explain diverse butterfly wing color patterns. In this model, each symmetry system is composed of a core element and a pair of paracore elements. The development of this elemental configuration has been explained by the induction model for positional information. However, the diversity of color patterns in other butterfly families in relation to the nymphalid groundplan has not been thoroughly examined. Here, we examined aberrant color pattern phenotypes of a lycaenid butterfly, Zizeeria maha, from mutagenesis and plasticity studies as well as from field surveys. In several mutants, the third and fourth spot arrays were coordinately positioned much closer to the discal spot in comparison to the normal phenotype. In temperature-shock types, the third and fourth array spots were elongated inwardly or outwardly from their normal positions. In field-caught spontaneous mutants, small black spots were located adjacent to normal black spots. Analysis of these aberrant phenotypes indicated that the spots belonging to the third and fourth arrays are synchronously changeable in position and shape around the discal spot. Thus, these arrays constitute paracore elements of the central symmetry system of the lycaenid butterflies, and the discal spot comprises the core element. These aberrant phenotypes can be explained by the black-inducing signals that propagate from the prospective discal spot, as predicted by the induction model. These results suggest the existence of long-range developmental signals that cover a large area of a wing not only in nymphalid butterflies, but also in lycaenid butterflies.

  12. Managing the Earth's Biggest Mass Gathering Event and WASH Conditions: Maha Kumbh Mela (India).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baranwal, Annu; Anand, Ankit; Singh, Ravikant; Deka, Mridul; Paul, Abhishek; Borgohain, Sunny; Roy, Nobhojit

    2015-04-13

    Mass gatherings including a large number of people makes the planning and management of the event a difficult task. Kumbh Mela is one such, internationally famous religious mass gathering. It creates the substantial challenge of creating a temporary city in which millions of people can stay for a defined period of time. The arrangements need to allow this very large number of people to reside with proper human waste disposal, medical services, adequate supplies of food and clean water, transportation etc. We report a case study of Maha Kumbh, 2013 which focuses on the management and planning that went into the preparation of Kumbh Mela and understanding its water, sanitation and hygiene conditions. It was an observational cross-sectional study, the field work was done for 13 days, from 21 January to 2 February 2013. Our findings suggest that the Mela committee and all other agencies involved in Mela management proved to be successful in supervising the event and making it convenient, efficient and safe. Health care services and water sanitation and hygiene conditions were found to be satisfactory. BhuleBhatke Kendra (Center for helping people who got separated from their families) had the major task of finding missing people and helping them to meet their families. Some of the shortfalls identified were that drainage was a major problem and some fire incidents were reported. Therefore, improvement in drainage facilities and reduction in fire incidents are essential to making Mela cleaner and safer. The number of persons per toilet was high and there were no separate toilets for males and females. Special facilities and separate toilets for men and women will improve their stay in Mela. Inculcation of modern methods and technologies are likely to help in supporting crowd management and improving water, sanitation and hygiene conditions in the continuously expanding KumbhMela, in the coming years.

  13. Correlation of ultrasound estimated placental volume and umbilical cord blood volume in term pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pannopnut, Papinwit; Kitporntheranunt, Maethaphan; Paritakul, Panwara; Kongsomboon, Kittipong

    2015-01-01

    To investigate the correlation between ultrasound measured placental volume and collected umbilical cord blood (UCB) volume in term pregnancy. An observational cross-sectional study of term singleton pregnant women in the labor ward at Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center was conducted. Placental thickness, height, and width were measured using two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound and calculated for placental volume using the volumetric mathematic model. After the delivery of the baby, UCB was collected and measured for its volume immediately. Then, birth weight, placental weight, and the actual placental volume were analyzed. The Pearson's correlation was used to determine the correlation between each two variables. A total of 35 pregnant women were eligible for the study. The mean and standard deviation of estimated placental volume and actual placental volume were 534±180 mL and 575±118 mL, respectively. The median UCB volume was 140 mL (range 98-220 mL). The UCB volume did not have a statistically significant correlation with the estimated placental volume (correlation coefficient 0.15; p=0.37). However, the UCB volume was significantly correlated with the actual placental volume (correlation coefficient 0.62; pcorrelation coefficient 0.38; p=0.02). The estimated placental volume by 2D ultrasound was not significantly correlated with the UCB volume. Further studies to establish the correlation between the UCB volume and the estimated placental volume using other types of placental imaging may be needed.

  14. Clay-mineral assemblages from some levels of K-118 drill core of Maha Sarakham evaporites, northeastern Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suwanich, Parkorn

    Clay-mineral assemblages in Middle Clastic, Middle Salt, Lower Clastic, Potash Zone, and Lower Salt, totalling 13 samples from K-118 drill core, in the Maha Sarakham Formation, Khorat Basin, northeastern Thailand were studied. The clay-size particles were separated from the water-soluble salt by water leaching. Then the samples were leached again in the EDTA solution and separated into clay-size particles by using the timing sedimentation. The EDTA-clay residues were divided and analyzed by using the XRD and XRF method. The XRD peaks show that the major-clay minerals are chlorite, illite, and mixed-layer corrensite including traces of rectorite? and paragonite? The other clay-size particles are quartz and potassium feldspar. The XRF results indicate Mg-rich values and moderate MgAl atom ratio values in those clay minerals. The variable Fe, Na, and K contents in the clay-mineral assemblages can explain the environment of deposition compared to the positions of the samples from the core. Hypothetically, mineralogy and the chemistry of the residual assemblages strongly indicate that severe alteration and Mg-enrichment of normal clay detritus occurred in the evaporite environment through brine-sediment interaction. The various Mg-enrichment varies along the various members reflecting whether sedimentation is near or far from the hypersaline brine.

  15. Removal of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) from biogas for the community in the province of Maha Sarakham

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinate, W.; Dangphonthong, D.; Sirirach, S.; Sukkhon, S.

    2017-09-01

    Biogas produced from the fermentation in the province of Maha Sarakham of excreta from cow dung, fattening pigs and buffalo dung in small scale farms contained hydrogen sulfide (H2S) at 764, 926 and 1,103 ppm, respectively. This gas has offensive smell and is corrosive to motor and metal stove of farmers, thus needs to be eliminated. The adsorbent granules soaking in FeCl3 and NaOH made from grey cement mixed with diatomaceous earth or fine sand. The experiment cow dung, fattening pigs and buffalo dung farms revealed that the adsorbent granules made from fine sand mixed with grey cement had better efficiency in reducing H2S than diatomaceous earth plus grey cement or scrap iron (97.1-91.4 vs. 86.0-64.3 and 77.9-89.4%, Pbiogas from 3,141 to 0 ppm in the first day and to 6 ppm on day 25 of using period, during which the colour of adsorbent granules changed from red brown to dark brown.

  16. Admiral Pitka kantakse maha

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2013-01-01

    Kaitsevägi on otsustanud arvata teenistusest välja Eesti mereväe lipulaeva Admiral Pitka, mis tehakse varustusest tühjaks ja tagastatakse Taani kuningriigile. Miinitõrjeoperatsiooni või õppuse juhtimiseks mõeldud 74 meetri pikkune fregatt on seisnud rahapuudusel kai ääres 2008. aastast

  17. Teenage pregnancy and exclusive breastfeeding rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puapompong, Pawin; Raungrongmorakot, Kasem; Manolerdtewan, Wichian; Ketsuwan, Sukwadee; Wongin, Sinutchanan

    2014-09-01

    Teenage pregnancy is an important health issue globally and in Thailand Younger age mothers decide on the breastfeeding practices ofthe first 6-month. To find the rates of 6-month exclusive breastfeeding practices of teenage mothers and compare them with the rates of 6-month exclusive breastfeeding practices in mothers who are 20 years of age or more. Three thousand five hundred sixty three normal, postpartum women, who delivered without complications at the HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Medical Center in the Nakhon Nayok Province between 2010 and2013 were included in this study. At the second daypostpartum, the data of latch scores and the data of the practice of exclusive breastfeeding were collected Telephone follow-ups on the seventh, fourteenth, and forty-fifth postpartum days and at the second, fourth, and sixth month postpartum month were collected and used for exclusive breastfeeding data following discharge. Demographic data included the maternal age, parity, gestational age, marital status, occupation, religion, route ofdelivery, estimated blood loss, body mass index, nipple length, and the childs birth weight. The collected data was analyzed by the t-test, Chi-square, and odds ratio with 95% confidence interval. The percentage of teenage pregnancies was at 14.8% (527 cases). On postpartum day 2, the percentage of latch scores of 8 or less was 66.4%. At the seventh, fourteenth, and forty-fifth day and at the second, fourth, and sixth months postpartum, the exclusive breastfeeding rates were 88.5, 78.5, 57.6, 43.1, 32.9, and27.0%, respectively. Comparison of the 6-month exclusive breastfeeding rates between teenage mothers and mothers 20 years ofage or older were not statistically significant (pteenage mothers was at 27.0% and had no significant differences from the rates of mothers 20 years of age or more.

  18. The effect of strategic leadership factors of administrators on school effectiveness under the Office of Maha Sarakham Primary Educational Service Area 3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanomwan Prasertcharoensuk

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this paper was to examine the effect of strategic leadership factors of administrators on school effectiveness under the Office of Maha Sarakham Primary Educational Service Area 3. The designed research survey was utilized to investigate the strategic leadership behavior of administrators and school effectiveness, followed by comparing both key variables in terms of school size. Further exploration was carried out to validate the goodness-of-fit of a structural equation model of the strategic leadership factors of administrators affecting school effectiveness. Finally, the direct, indirect, and total effect of strategic leadership factors affecting school effectiveness were identified. In total, 510 samples comprised of administrators and teachers were selected as respondents. The research instrument was a 5-point rating scale questionnaire. Data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The results revealed that administrators showed a high level of strategic leadership behavior in their administration but the overall school effectiveness was at the moderate level. In addition, the findings also indicated that all the comparisons of either the strategic leadership of administrators or school effectiveness were significantly different according to school size, respectively. Furthermore, a structural equation model of strategic leadership factors affecting school effectiveness was fitted. Finally, the direct effect, indirect effect, and overall effect of the administrators' strategic leadership had no significant impact on school effectiveness at the .05 level.

  19. Marss, asfaldilt maha! / Hannu Ahonen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ahonen, Hannu

    2010-01-01

    TM võrdleb suuri ja kalleid maastureid: Jeep Grand Cherokee 3,0 CRD TDSL V6; Land Rover Discovery 4 3,0 TDV6 HSE; Mercedes-Benz ML 350 4Matic BlueTEC Off-road Pro; Mitsubishi Pajero 3,2 DID Intense; Toyota Land Cruiser 3,0 D-4D Executive

  20. Instructional Package of Development of Skill in Using Fine Motor of Children for Children with Intellectual Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangsawang, T.

    2018-02-01

    This research has the following purposes: 1) to find the efficiency of the self-learning activity set on development of skill in using fine motor of children with intellectual disabilities., 2) to compare the abilities to use the small muscles after the study more than before the study of children with intellectual disabilities, who made study with the self-learning activity on development of small muscles use., 3) to study the satisfaction of the children with intellectual disabilities using the self-learning activity on development of small muscles use. The sample groups on the research are the children with intellectual disabilities of the special education Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Provincial Nakhon Nayok Center in the school year 2016, for 7 children. The tools used on the research consist of the self-learning activity on development of small muscles use for the children with intellectual disabilities of the special, the observation form of abilities of small muscles before and after using the activity set and the observation form of satisfaction of the children with intellectual disabilities of the special towards the self-learning activity set on development of small muscles for the children with intellectual disabilities of the special. The statistics used on the research include the percentage, mean value, standard deviation and the t-test for dependent sample. From the research, it was found that the self-learning activity set on development of small muscles use for children with intellectual disabilities of the special is efficient based on the criteria in average equal to 77.78/76.51, the educational coefficient of the student after the study higher than before the study with average points before the study equal to 55.14 and S.D. value equal to 3.72. The average points after the study equal to 68.86, S.D. value equal to 2.73, t-test value before and after the study equal to 7.94, which are different significantly on statistics at the level 0.05 and the

  1. Ministrid sahkerdasid firma maha / Sulev Vedler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vedler, Sulev, 1970-

    1999-01-01

    Riik müüs Riigiressursside Keskuse 60 mln kr eest ASile Trade & Invest. AS Vilsmerk Konsultatsioonid vaidlustas erastamise väitega, et Trade Invest sai soodustusi. S. Kallase, M. Pärnoja ning V. Sarneti ja T. Külaviiru seotus tehinguga

  2. "Gypsy" on asjatundjad elust maha kirjutanud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2001-01-01

    2. dets. esietendub Vanemuises Ameerika vodevillistaari ja striptiisikuninganna Rose Louise Hovicki memuaaridel põhinev muusikal "Gypsy", lavastaja Mare Tommingas, osades Silvi Vrait ja Helena Merzin

  3. FIS võttis eestlastelt dopingukahtluse maha / Andrus Nilk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nilk, Andrus, 1962-

    2002-01-01

    FIS lükkas ümber väite, nagu oleks 15 suusataja, sealhulgas kahe eestlase, vere hemoglobiinitase viimastel kuudel palju kõikunud. Samas intervjuu Eesti Antidopingukomisjoni esimehe Mihkel Mardnaga: Mardna: süüd tõestab üksnes positiivne proov

  4. Kui panga president end maha laseb... / Aarne Ruben

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruben, Aarne, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Autor vaatleb kriise USA majanduses alates Iseseisvussõjast ning järeldab, et USA majanduses vaheldusid depressioonid perioodilises tempos, nagu 1921. aastal väitis Lev Trotski. Autor leiab, et inimnäoline sotsialism ei ole võimalik, kui impeerium ei ava oma piire ega lase soovijaid impeeriumist välja, inimnäoline kapitalism on aga võimalik majandustõusude ja -languste hinnaga

  5. USA võtab hoogu maha / Tarvo Vaarmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaarmets, Tarvo

    2010-01-01

    Pärast riiklike soodustuste lõppu koduostjatele on USA-s vähenenud kinnisvara soetamine, jaemüüjate käive langes juunis võrreldes maiga 0,5%. USA keskpanga presidendi Ben Bernanke hinnangul on USA majandus ebatavaliselt ebamäärane

  6. Gazprom pani Euroopas jala tugevalt maha / Krister Paris

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paris, Krister, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Venemaa ja Saksamaa suurkokkuleppe kohaselt kasvab Gazpromi osalus BASF-i energiaüksusega loodud ühisfirmas Wingas ligi pooleni, tugevdades Vene kontserni haaret Euroopa tarneturul. Kantsler Angela Merkeli ja president Vladimir Putini kohtumine Tomskis. Lisa: Venemaal endal ei jagu energiat

  7. Kuidas ennast maha müüa / Tauno Novek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Novek, Tauno

    2005-01-01

    Autori hinnangul on Eestis asuva ettevõtja võimalused oma teenust ilma isiklike kontaktide või vahendajateta USA-sse pakkuda suhteliselt piiratud. Töökohtade eksportimine e. outsourcing. Google Adwords kui reklaamivahend

  8. 97 miljonit aastaga maha mängitud / Kaisa Tahlfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tahlfeld, Kaisa

    2008-01-01

    Olympic EG kolmanda kvartali kasum langes 94%, 7,4 miljonile kroonile. Vt. samas: Kokkuhoiukava raskuskese langes kolmandasse kvartalisse. Diagramm: Käive ja kasum. Kommenteerib LHV analüütik Sten Pisang

  9. Kaks europarlamendi liiget panid ameti maha / Hendrik Vosman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vosman, Hendrik

    2011-01-01

    Suurbritannia nädalalehe Sunday Times ajakirjanikud, kes esitlesid end Brüsseli lobistidena, paljastasid, et Euroopa Parlamendi liikmed Ernst Strasser Austriast, Adrian Severin Rumeeniast ja Zoran Thaler Sloveeniast olid valmis nende käest pistist võtma ning spetsiifilisi seadusemuudatusi läbi suruma

  10. Äraaetud hobused lastakse maha / Katrin Saks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saks, Katrin, 1956-

    2008-01-01

    Tööaja direktiivi muutmise eelnõust, mis suurendaks töötajate tööaja piiranguid. Ilmunud ka Põhjarannik 19. juuni 2008, lk.2 ; Vooremaa 21. juuni 2008, lk. 2 ; Virumaa Teataja 27. juuni 2008, lk. 11 ; Pärnu Postimees 27. juuni 2008, lk. 15 ; Järva Teataja 1. juuli 2008, lk. 2 ; Koit 3. juuli 2008, lk. 6 ; Nädalaleht 20. juuni 2008, lk. 7

  11. Üle poolte tööõnnetuste salatakse maha / Gert D. Hankewitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Gert D.

    2008-01-01

    Tööõnnetuste tegelik arv võib olla üle kahe korra suurem ametlikust statistikast. Vt. samas: Diagramm: Tööõnnetuste arv; Tööõnnetused erinevates riikides; Sotsiaalministeeriumi kommentaar; Põhjuseks liigne utsitamine ja stress

  12. Mundrimehe alla ajanud politseiniku varem joobnult tehtud avarii vaikiti maha / Oliver Rand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rand, Oliver, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Politsei vaneminspektor Kalle Kolk, kes sõitis Tartu abipolitseinikule otsa, tegi avarii ka 2003. aastal. Lõuna politseiprefekt Aivar Otsalt põhjendab Kalle Kolgile teenistusmärgi andmist 2007. aastal

  13. Riik tõmbab metsatalude elektriga varustamise niigi nappi hoogu maha / Dannar Leitmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leitmaa, Dannar, 1982-

    2009-01-01

    Elektrita majapidamistele saaks praegu elektrivõrguga liitumiseks eraldada plaanitud 50 mln. krooni asemel vaid 30 mln. krooni. Regionaalminister Siim-Valmar Kiisler kahtleb, kas kõik soovijad suudavad omafinantseeringu osa tasuda

  14. Nuga selga : endine lähikondne teeb maha president Bushi valitsusaja / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2008-01-01

    Endine Valge Maja pressiesindaja Scott McClellan kirjutas kritiseeriva raamatu "What Happened" president George W. Bushist ja tema kaastöötajatest. Vt. samas: "Me oleme segaduses. See pole Scott, keda me tundsime"; Väljavõtteid Scott McClellani raamatust

  15. Analisis Praktik Kepemimpinan Koordinator Perpustakaan Balai Arkeologi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Menurut Pandangan Maha Kumaran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widiyastuti Widiyastuti

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This study aims to determine the style of leadership in the Special Library Archeology Yogyakarta. The method used in this research is qualitative so that the findings data will be analyzed by using the leadership theory of Kumaran. The result is the leadership practice in Balai Archeologi Yogyakarta is combines an affiliative and democratic leadership style.   Key Words: Leadership, Library   Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui gaya kepemimpinan di Perpustakaan khusus Balai Arkeologi Yogyakarta. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah kualitatif sehingga data temuan akan dianalisis dengan menggunakan teori kepemimpinan dari Kumaran. Hasilnya adalah praktik kepemimpinan koordinator perpustakaan Balai Arkeologi yogyakarta ini mengkombinasikan antara  gaya kepemimpinan affiliative dan democratic.   Kata Kunci: Kepemimpinan, Perpustakaan

  16. Mereröövlid saabusid suvist letargiat maha raputama / Mari Rebane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Mari

    2006-01-01

    Esilinastus Gore Verbinski piraaditriloogia teine film "Kariibi mere piraadid : Surnud mehe aardekirst" : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2006. Lisaks lühendatud artikkel Los Angeles Times 10. juuli Josh Friedman "Piraadid püstitasid kassarekordi" ja katke ajalehele Guardian antud intervjuust Johnny Deppiga "Kapten Jack Sparrow laseb Deppil pingeid maandada"

  17. Peaminister Juhan Parts ei plaani ametit maha panna / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts pooldab paremerakondade ühinemist, ei kavatse ametist lahkuda ning peab valitsuse üheks ülesandeks rahvaarutelu algatamist vabaduse samba üle. Lisa: Ene Ergma kõnest Riigikogus (13.09.2004)

  18. Uudised : Balleti võlumaailm. Agent M sai maha uue plaadi, singli ja videoga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Rahvusooper Estonia, eesotsas Mai Murdmaa, Tatjana Järvi ja Lemme Järviga, korraldab põhikoolinoortele balletti tutvustavaid etendusi. Alternatiivrokki viljeleva ansambli Agent M heliplaadist "Spionaazh" ja videost laulule "Queen of the World" (www.agentm.pri.ee)

  19. Euroopa jääb USAst aina enam maha / Niels Thygesen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Thygesen, Niels

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Molodjozh Estonii 28. veebr. lk. 12-13, Delovõje Vedomosti 8. märts lk. 10. Sissetulekute tase eurotsoonis tervikuna ning majandusnäitajate poolest tähtsamates riikides Prantsusmaal, Saksamaal ja Itaalias on ligikaudu 30% madalam kui Ameerika Ühendriikides. Oht, et vahe veelgi suureneb ning selle põhjustest

  20. Euroopa Liit lubab Kreekale laenu, kuid võlgu maha kanda ei kavatse / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2010-01-01

    Euroala rahandusministrid otsustasid, et vajaduse korral tuleb Kreekale laenuraha leida. Brüssel süüdistab mitut EL-i riiki liiga optmistlikus riigieelarves, Euroopa Komisjoni teatel paistavad vaid Eesti ja Bulgaaria mahtuvat 3-protsendise eelarvepuudujäägi sisse

  1. Ärma talu ehitanud Aus Invest müüdi Panama riiulifirmale maha / Kadri Paas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paas, Kadri, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Ärma talu ehitanud Aus Invest OÜ ei ole maksnud tööde eest kõigile alltöövõtjatele. Proua Evelin Ilvese sõnul on Ermamaa peatöövõtjale kõigi kokkulepitud tööde eest maksnud. 2007. a. mais müüsid Aivar Aus ja Mait Aus Tartu maakohtu registriosakonna andmetel Aus Invest OÜ Panamal registreeritud riiulifirmale Arliana Enterprises Corp. Vt. samas: Nõunik sekkus presidendi teleintervjuusse. Kui telekanali TV3 Lõuna-Eesti reporter Valgamaal visiidil viibivalt Toomas Hendrik Ilveselt ja proua Evelin Ilveselt Ärma talu ehitusega kaasnenud võlgade kohta aru päris, sekkus kõnelusse presidendi avalike suhete nõunik Toomas Sildam. Vt. ka lk. 10: Urmo Soonvald. Ärma triibulised. Ajakirjanik ootab Ärma talu probleemidega seoses suuremat avalikustamist

  2. Eesti Energia: valitsus võtab aja maha ja laseb börsimõttel veel settida / Raimo Poom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poom, Raimo

    2010-01-01

    Täna valitsuskabinetis toimuv arutelu ei paista keskenduvat mitte sellele, kas Eesti Energia börsile viimise plaan on hea või halb, vaid pigem sellele, kui kiire Eesti Energial oma plaanide rahastamisega on ning kas kõik ettevõtte soovid lähevad riigi eesmärkidega kokku. Eesti Energia investeeringute kava tekitab praegu rohkem küsimusi kui rahastamine

  3. Don't miss the Baltic money train = Balti raharongist ei tasu maha jääda / Tex Vertmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vertmann, Tex

    2005-01-01

    Balti ühisturust, mis pakub uusi võimalusi nii investoritele, börsi liikmetele, börsiettevõtetele kui ka infovendoritele. Turuväärtuse-põhisest indeksist BALTIX. Tagasivaade 2004. aasta Balti börsile. Lisad: OMX Excanges; Mis on Balti ühisturg?; Börsil kauplemise kolm sammu. Kommenteerivad Gert Tiivas ja Mart Tõevere

  4. Kunstnikud, filmiloojad, mõttetargad! Ärge magage maha tähtsaid tähtaegu! / Mark Soosaar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soosaar, Mark, 1946-

    1999-01-01

    Pärnu Uue Kunsti Muuseum ootab avaldusi osalemiseks 6. juunil avataval aktinäitusel "Mees ja naine" 1. maiks, 22. augustil avataval autoportreede salongis "Ma tunnen end paremini" 20. juuliks. 18.-22. aug. toimub rahvusvaheline nõupidamine "Tsensuur ja enesetsensuur", mida juhivad Judith Vidal ning Edward Lucie-Smith.

  5. Klimti tööd tagasi saanud juudi pere müüb need maha

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Klimti maalide "Kasemets/Pöögimets" (1901), "Adele Bloch-Bauer II" (1912), "Õunapuu" (1912) ja "Majad Unterachis Attersee ääres" (1916) õiguspäraseks omanikuks tunnistati Ferdinand Bloch-Baueri vennatütar Maria Altmann. Maalid müüakse sügisel. Praegu asuvad maalid New Yorgis saksa ja austria kunsti muuseumis Neue Galerie's

  6. A Buddhist Way of Drug Rehabilitation in Thailand - Approaching Drug Addiction With Loving Kindness: An Interview With Phra Maha Narong Chaiyatha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carina Pichler

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Narong Chaiyatha has worked at the Quality Development of Life Center for 12 years and is engaged in diverse social projects as a Buddhist monk. The Quality Development of Life Center is an alternative program of dealing with drug addiction in Thailand and was established in 1993. On the premises of a Buddhist temple, the participants live together with monks, practice meditation, join chanting and dhamma talks, and help cultivate the temple. The program is part of the implementation of restorative justice in the criminal justice system. Depending on the severity of the drug addiction andthe social background of the person, the Department of Probation of the Ministry of Justice sends clients to the center to take part in the Buddhist rehabilitation program for two months. This interviewis based on the experiences of Narong Chaiyatha at the Quality Development of Life Center in Thep Mongkol temple, Amnat Charoen, Thailand, and gives an overview of some of the central elementsof the program, positive impacts for the community as well as challenges in its implementation. The interview was conducted at the same location on 28 January 2013.

  7. Kaitseväelastele sauna laenanud mees: nad põletasid mu sauna maha, aga süüdi olen mina! / Arvo Uustalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Uustalu, Arvo, 1964-

    2014-01-01

    Õppuse "Kevadtorm" ajal toimunud saunapõlengust. Päästeameti inspektori sõnul põhjustas põlengu ülekütmine ja ehitusviga, seega puudub omanikul õiguslik alus nõuda kaitseväelt kompensatsiooni

  8. Shmigun : tulin medalit võitma, nüüd võite mu maha kanda / Toomas Huik, Deivil Tserp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Huik, Toomas

    2007-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 28. veebr., lk. 9. Kristina Shmigun lõpetas naiste 10 km distantsi üheksandana. Vt. samas ka intervjuud Kristina mänedzheri ja elukaaslase Kristjan-Thor Vähiga

  9. Siam and the League of Nations : modernization, sovereignty, and multilateral diplomacy, 1920-1940

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hell, Stefan Matthias

    2007-01-01

    This study analyses the relations between Siam and the League of Nations from 1920 to 1940. It identifies Siam’s policy towards the League as a cornerstone of Siam’s foreign policy and an important element of Siam’s domestic modernization during the sixth, seventh and eighth reigns of the Chakri

  10. Inscribing Siam: The State of Documentary and Spatial Practices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ivarsson, Søren; Suwannakij, Sing

    2017-01-01

    The administrative reforms in Siam around the turn of the twentieth century are probably one of the most studied topics in the history of Thailand. Known as the Chakri reforms, it is usually described as the period when the royal elite worked to create a Siamese nation-state under the guidance of...

  11. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chakri, Asma. Vol 35 (2017) - Articles Optimization of the box-girder of overhead crane with constrained new bat algorithm. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2352-9717. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions ...

  12. Injectable Shape-Memorizing Three-Dimensional Hyaluronic Acid Cryogels for Skin Sculpting and Soft Tissue Reconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Liying; Ji, Kai; Shih, Ting-Yu; Haddad, Anthony; Giatsidis, Giorgio; Mooney, David J.; Orgill, Dennis P.

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Hyaluronic acid (HA)-based fillers are used for various cosmetic procedures. However, due to filler migration and degradation, reinjections of the fillers are often required. Methacrylated HA (MA-HA) can be made into injectable shape-memorizing fillers (three-dimensional [3D] MA-HA) aimed to address these issues. In this study, shape retention, firmness, and biocompatibility of 3D MA-HA injected subcutaneously in mice were evaluated. Materials and Methods: Fifteen mice, each receiving two subcutaneous injections in their back, were divided into four groups receiving HA, MA-HA, 3D MA-HA, or saline, respectively. Digital imaging, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and in vivo imaging system (IVIS), durometry, and histology were utilized to evaluate in vitro/vivo degradation and migration, material firmness, and the angiogenic (CD31) and immunogenic (CD45) response of the host tissue toward the injected materials. Results: Digital imaging, SEM, and IVIS revealed that 3D MA-HA fillers maintained their predetermined shape for at least 30 days in vitro and in vivo. Little volume effects were noted in the saline and other control groups. There were no differences in skin firmness between the groups or over time. Histology showed intact skin architecture in all groups. Three-dimensional MA-HA maintained its macroporous structure with significant angiogenesis at the 3D MA-HA/skin interfaces and throughout the 3D MA-HA. There was no significant inflammatory response to any of the injected materials. Conclusion: 3D MA-HA showed remarkable tissue compatibility, compliance, and shape predictability, as well as retention, and thus might be suitable for various skin sculpting and soft tissue reconstruction purposes. PMID:27875939

  13. The challenge of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassanain Hani Hassan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA is a Coomb's-negative hemolytic anemia characterized by red cell fragmentation (schistocytes. Thrombotic microangiopathy anemia, including thrombotic thrombocytopenia and hemolytic-uremic syndrome, malignant hypertension, preeclampsia are among the most common causes. We present a case of MAHA presenting with thrombocytopenia initially diagnosed as MAHA secondary to thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and received five sessions plasmapheresis without improvement but with worsening of anemia and thrombocytopenia. On further inquiry, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency was identified, and the patient showed dramatic recovery after the trial of B12 and folate.

  14. Sorose usk kulda püsib / Raivo Sormunen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sormunen, Raivo, 1976-

    2010-01-01

    Soros Fund Managementi ja riskifondi Paulson & Co kullainvesteeringutest. Paulson müüs maha maailma juhtiva kullatootja AngloGold Ashanti Ltd 2,7 mln. aktsiat, Sorose fond on vähendanud positsioone viies kullatootjas

  15. Rescue excavations on Alt-Laari settlement site, Tartumaa / Anti Lillak, Heiki Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lillak, Anti

    2009-01-01

    Alt-Laari linnusasula tekkis nähtavasti rooma rauaajal. Kui Alt-Laari linnus oli kasutused arvatavasti I aastatuhandest II aastatuhandeni pKr. siis asula kestis edasi keskajal ning jäeti maha hiljemalt 14. sajandil

  16. Euroopa kärbib kolmanda põlvkonna side ambitsioone / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2002-01-01

    Soome Sonera ja Hispaania Telefonica kandsid maha 8,4 mld eurot, mis nad maksid 3G litsentsi eest 2000. aastal. Diagramm: 3G litsentsidele Euroopas kulutatud summad. Tabel: Euroopa suurima konkurentsiga 3G turud

  17. Euroopa lennukas idee kaotab kõrgust / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Lennukitootja Airbus juhtkond soovib reorganiseerida killustunud tootmist ning koondada võimalikult suur osa ühe mudeli tootmisest ühte kohta kokku. Diagramm: Airbus jääb rivaalist maha. Vt. samas: Superlennuk laseb ennast oodata; Taust

  18. B. B. ja järelpõlved / Ave Mattheus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mattheus, Ave

    2007-01-01

    Arvustus: Enzensberger, Hans Magnus. Tõmba sobimatu maha / saksa keelest tlk. Maarja Kangro. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2006 (Loomingu Raamatukogu ; 33) ; Brecht, Bertolt. Luulet / koost. Märt Väljataga. Tallinn : Vagabund, 2007

  19. Tartu teadlased avastasid taimedel ammu otsitud põuakindluse geeni / Ulvar Käärt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käärt, Ulvar, 1982-

    2008-01-01

    Tartu ülikooli teadlased said koostöös Helsingi ja California San Diego ülikooli kolleegidega maha tähtas avastusega, mis tõotab aluse panna senisest kuivakindlamate põllukultuuride aretamisele

  20. Erastaja varjas osalusi Rail Estonias / Anneli Ammas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ammas, Anneli, 1962-

    2001-01-01

    Eesti Päevalehe andmeil on Eesti Raudtee erastamiskonkursi võitnud Rail Estonia suurim aktsionär John Orrison. Vt. samas "Töötasid koos Bushi kabinetis". Väidetavalt salgab J. Orrison Tony Massei tundmise maha

  1. Abilinnapea Ratas pidas uputust paratamatuseks / Jüri Ratas ; interv. Piret Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ratas, Jüri, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna abilinnapea Jüri Ratas kommenteerib olukorda linnas, kus kahe päevaga sadas maha rohkem kui juulikuu sademete norm ette näeb. Vt. samas Meelis Eldermann. Miks veevärk vihmaga toime ei tulnud?

  2. Kanada koolimõrv nõudis ühe ohvri / Rein Kärner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärner, Rein

    1999-01-01

    Veidi enam kui nädal pärast tapatalguid Colorado osariigi Littletoni koolis laskis Kanadas Taberi väikelinnas W. R. Myersi keskkoolis sama kooli endine õpilane Jason Lang maha oma endise koolikaaslase

  3. Mis toimub Põhja-Koreas? / Aadu Hiietamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiietamm, Aadu, 1954-

    2004-01-01

    Infoagentuuri UPI teatel võib Põhja-Korea liider Kim Jong-il olla surnud, avalikest kohtadest on hakatud maha võtma tema portreesid. Põhja-Korea infoagentuur eitab seda. Ekspertide versioonidest Põhja-Koreas toimuva kohta

  4. Microangiopathic Hemolytic Anemia Following Three Different Species of Hump-Nosed Pit Viper (Genus: Hypnale) Envenoming in Sri Lanka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Namal Rathnayaka, Rathnayaka Mudiyanselage M K; Ranathunga, Anusha Nishanthi; Kularatne, Senanayake A M; Rajapakse, Jayanthe; Ranasinghe, Shirani; Jayathunga, Radha

    2018-03-01

    There are 3 species of hump-nosed pit vipers in Sri Lanka: Hypnale hypnale, Hypnale zara, and Hypnale nepa. The latter 2 are endemic to the country. Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) is a known complication of hump-nosed pit viper bites. It was previously documented as a complication of general viper bites and not species specific. We report a series of 3 patients who developed MAHA after being bitten by each species of hump-nosed pit viper. The first patient was bitten by H hypnale and developed a severe form of MAHA associated with acute kidney injury and thrombocytopenia falling into the category of thrombotic microangiopathy. The other 2 developed MAHA that resolved without any complications. Copyright © 2017 Wilderness Medical Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Investorid on hakanud mässama / Tõnis Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Tõnis, 1957-

    2009-01-01

    Viimastel aastatel on üha enam tekitanud nurinat börsiettevõtete juhtide palgad ja boonused. Viimati hääletasid juhtide kompensatsioonipaketi maha Briti-Hollandi naftafirma Royal Dutch Shell aktsionärid

  6. Kas Microsoft on ikka 21. sajandil tegija? / Fredy-Edwin Esse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Esse, Fredy-Edwin

    2011-01-01

    Autori sõnul on Microsoft tugevalt maha jäänud innovaatiliste tehnoloogiate rakendamisel, firma peamine turg on personaalarvutid, kuid prognoositakse nutitelefonide ja tahvelarvutite turu kiiremat kasvu. Microsofti saavutustest

  7. Lähis-Ida demokraatia kevad / Saad Eddin Ibrahim

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrahim, Saad Eddin

    2005-01-01

    Demokraatia arengust ja demokraatlike parteide olukorrast Lähis-Idas. Autori sõnul ei saa islamistlikke liikumisi maha suruda ainult jõuga, selle asemel tuleks kasutada poliitilisi reforme. Lisa: Vabaduse tugi

  8. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    role in abiotic stress tolerance in plants (Review article). 385. Alfred, Quampah .... Triticum aestivum: complementary interaction between vernalization-insensitive .... Rebaï, Maha. Genetic features of thyroid hormone receptors (Review article).

  9. MicroRNA-146a expression as a potential biomarker for rheumatoid ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MicroRNA-146a expression as a potential biomarker for rheumatoid arthritis in Egypt. Heba Mohamed Abdelkader Elsayed, Walaa Shawky Khater, Ayman Asaad Ibrahim, Maha Salah El-din Hamdy, Nashwa Aly Morshedy ...

  10. Laev pooleks / K. Heinmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinmaa, K.

    1982-01-01

    Melassi vedanud tanker murdus tormis pooleks, nende omavaheline kaugus oli lõpuks u 100 miili. Hukkus üks inimene, laeva pooled pukseeriti sadamasse kuid otsustati maha kanda, kätte saadi osa melassist

  11. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2008-01-01

    Suri helilooja Mauricio Kagel. Ajakirja Gramophone 2008. aasta preemiad selgunud. Avastati Mozarti käsikiri. Bryn Terfel võtab hoo maha. Lajkus klaverivabrikant Henry Steinway. Philip Glass loob ooperi Walt Disney elust

  12. Kinnisvara pakkumishinda saab oluliselt alla kaubelda / Andres Hall

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hall, Andres

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Molodjozh Estonii : Nedvizhimost 26. jaan. lk. 1, Delovõje Vedomosti 16. märts lk. 16. . Kinnisvara pakkumishinnad sisaldavad olulisel määral "õhku", mida ostjal on võimalik hinnast maha kaubelda

  13. Mitomycin-C-Induced TTP/HUS Treated Successfully with Rituximab: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunjan Shah

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA, thrombocytopenia, fever, renal failure, and neurologic symptoms comprise the cardinal features of thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and hemolytic uremic syndrome. Etiologies can include medications, infections, cancers, or transplantation. We present a patient with a history of rectal cancer treated with mitomycin-C who developed MAHA, acute kidney injury, and thrombocytopenia 6 months after completing therapy and to did not respond the plasmapheresis or steroids. She was treated with four weekly doses of rituximab with full recovery.

  14. Carambola Cultivar, Fruit Ripeness, and Damage by Conspecific Larvae Influence the Host-Related Behaviors of Anastrepha obliqua (Diptera: Tephritidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Ley, Jorge Ulises; Toledo, Jorge; Malo, Edi A; Gomez, Jaime; Santiesteban, Antonio; Rojas, Julio C

    2016-02-01

    In this study, we investigated the influence of cultivar type, fruit ripeness, and damage by conspecific larvae on the attraction of Anastrepha obliqua (Macquart) (Diptera: Tephritidae) to and oviposition on carambola fruit (Averroha carambola L.). The attraction of both sexes of A. obliqua to fruit of different quality was evaluated through cage experiments in the field, and the oviposition preferences of mated females were examined in laboratory tests. Both sexes, mated or virgin, were more attracted to the "Maha" fruit than to the "Golden Star" fruit, and the females oviposited more frequently on the Maha cultivar than the Golden Star cultivar. Both sexes were more attracted to ripe and half-ripe Maha fruits than to mature green fruit, and although females did not show a preference for ovipositing on half-ripe or ripe fruits, they did not oviposit on mature green fruits. Males did not show a preference for the volatiles from uninfested, artificially damaged, or infested Maha fruits, but females were more attracted to uninfested fruits than to artificially damaged and infested Maha fruits. Furthermore, females preferred to oviposit on uninfested fruits compared with artificially damaged fruit, and they did not oviposit on infested fruits. © The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  15. VizieR Online Data Catalog: V873 Per BVR light curves (Kriwattanawong+, 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kriwattanawong, W.; Poojon, P.

    2015-07-01

    BVR photometric observations of V873 Per were carried out on the 0.5-m telescope at Sirindhorn Observatory, Chiang Mai University. The photometric data were taken during four nights (November 27-30, 2011), by using SBIG CCD (Model of ST10-XME), with exposure time of 90s. A total of 855 individual observations were obtained in three filter bands (285 observations per filter band). The IRAF package was used for data reduction and the BVR magnitude measurements. (1 data file).

  16. Eesti vajab jälle "majanduskriisi"! / Gunnar Kobin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kobin, Gunnar, 1971-

    2007-01-01

    Briti majandusajakirjas Economist kritiseeriti Eesti haridus- ja majanduspoliitikat, majandus- kommunikatsiooniministeeriumis tutvustatud uuringute järgi on Eesti innovaatilisus maha jäänud, puudub konkurents ettevõtete vahel ja tööjõuturul. Ettepanekud innovaatilise tegevuse tõstmiseks

  17. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 13, No 9 (2014)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Characterization of blue green algae isolated from Egyptian rice field with potential anti-hepatitis C active components · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Ranya A Amer, Abeer Abdel Wahab, Sahar MF Fathy, Osama M Salama, Maha A El Demellawy ...

  18. Uus vägivallalaine on võtnud Iraagis juba ligi 300 inimese elu / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2008-01-01

    Iraagi valitsuse ja shiiitliku Mahdi armee vaheline konflikt on kaasa toonud üle 300 inimese hukkumise. Mahdistide vaimne liider Muqtada al-Sadr on käskinud oma järgijatel sõjategevus lõpetada, kuid enamik neist ei nõustu relvi maha panema

  19. Ema veab võitlust Tallinna TV vastu / Pekka Erelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erelt, Pekka, 1965-

    2011-01-01

    Kerstin Raidma algatas kampaania "Maha Tallinna TV - raha lasteaedadele". Tema koostatud petitsioonile on alla kirjutanud ligi 4500 inimest, liikumisest on välja kasvanud MTÜ Kodaniku Hääl. K. Raidma eestvedamisel esitati Tallinna linnavolikogule eelnõu, milles nõutakse lasteaedadele rohkem raha

  20. K. B. kuuleb salapäraseid hääli : [luuletused] / Marcelijus Martinaitis ; tõlk. Mihkel Loodus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martinaitis, Marcelijus

    2008-01-01

    Sisu: K. B. kuuleb salapäraseid hääli ; K. B.: prügikastide inglid ; K. B. reklaamib hambapastat Colgate ; K. B. mullatöödel välja tulnud säilmete kirjeldus ; K. B. kuuendast, olematust korrusest ; K. B. Üksindusest, mis jättis ta maha. Andmed autori kohta lk. 1211

  1. Vene raha päästis Sedini kinnisvara / Anne Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Anne, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Vene ärimehed ostsid Pjotr Sedinilt enamuse Lutheri kvartalit arendava firma aktsiapakis ning tasusid Swedbankile juba lootusetuks tembeldatud võla. Vt. samas: Grove Investi kinnistud müüdi maha suvel. Diagramm: Uute omanike käes pool Grove Investist

  2. Handid taanduvad naftatööstuse ees / Ott Heinapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinapuu, Ott, 1979-

    2008-01-01

    Läänme-Siberi põliselanikud on sunnitud laienevate naftaväljade tõttu oma elupaigad maha jätma. Vt. samas: Venemaa presidendi põhjapõtrade sugu hakkab välja surema. Lisad: Handid; Salym Petroleum Development B. V.

  3. Moodsa luule maailmakeel / Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljataga, Märt, 1965-

    2007-01-01

    Magrelli, Valerio. Luule DNA = Il DNE della poesia / tõlkinudk Maarja Kangro ja Kalju Kruusa. Tallinn : Koma, 2006 ; Enzensberger, Hans. Tõmba sobimatu maha : [luuletused] / saksa keelest tõlkinud [ja järelsõna:] Maarja Kangro. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2006 ; Kronbergs, Juris. Maa-alune luule / läti keelest tõlkinud Guntars Godinsh, Livia Viitol. Tallinn : Kultuurileht, 2007

  4. Eesti värsitoodang aastal 1932 / Ants Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oras, Ants, 1900-1982

    2009-01-01

    Pikemalt käsitletakse järgnevaid autoreid ja nende teoseid: Jaan Kärner "Inimene ristteel", Henrik Visnapuu "Päike ja jõgi", Johannes Barbarus "E.V.-r", Johannes Schütz "Maha rahu!", Vilmar Adams "Maise matka poolel teel"

  5. Mürgised sojaoad : mmmm, kui halb! / Silvia Lotman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lotman, Silvia, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Sojaoa kasvatamisest Lõuna-Ameerikas ja Paraguays, kus on suures osas erastatud maad maha müüdud välismaistele suurkorporatsioonidele, mis kasutavad maad põllumajandustööstuseks. Pestitsiidide kasutamisest, mürgitamisjuhtudest ja kohtuotsusest, kus Paraguay ülemkohus mõistis süüdi Herman Schlenderi ja Alfredo Lautenschlageri

  6. Võidu monument / Marco Montanari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Montanari, Marco

    2007-01-01

    Itaallasest autori sõnul on pronkssõduri juhtum midagi niisugust, mida itaallased mõistavad. Ta kirjeldab, kuidas Lõuna-Tiroolis püstitatud Võidu monumendi tähtsus aastatega muutus, ning arvab, et ka Eesti inimesed peaksid pronkssõdurit ümbritsevad kired maha jahutama

  7. Nora ehk elu võimalikkusest naisena perekonnas, teatris ja kapitalismis / Anneli Saro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saro, Anneli, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Naistegelasest teatrist järgnevate lavastuste põhjal: Helen Rekkori lavastusest "Nora/Maja" Henrik Ibseni "Nukumaja" järgi Ugala teatris ja Elfriede Jelineki "Mis juhtus pärast seda, kui Nora oma mehe maha oli jätnud ehk Ühiskondade toed" Von Krahli Teatris, lavastaja Rainer Sarnet

  8. Veneetsia pärgab sotsiaalkriitikuid / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2005-01-01

    13. juunil avatud Veneetsia 51. kunstibiennaalist. Rahvuspaviljonidest, preemiasaajaid. Elutööpreemia sai Barbara Kruger, kuraatoripreemiad Rosa Martinez ja Maria de Corral. Eestit esindab Mark Raidpere, kuraator Hanno Soans. Kesk-Aasia paviljonist lisas "Tapetud vaikitakse maha". Usbeki, Kirgiisi ja Kasahstani kunstnike ühisnäituse kuraator on Viktor Misiano Moskvast

  9. Liberalism, vabaturumajandus ja rahvuslus / Eva Piirimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirimäe, Eva, 1974-

    2006-01-01

    Rahvuslus on liberaaldemokraatia ning vabaturumajanduse tingimustes osutunud vastupidavamaks kui arvati. On tõenäoline, et ka eesti rahvuslus ei lase end nii kergesti maha suruda ning on elujõuline tänu oma muutumisvõimele. Euroopa kosmopolitism, rahvusluse elujõud, Eesti Euroopas, rahvusluse ideoloogia poliitilistes tõmbetuultes

  10. Parandada püksipõlve augu väljalõikamise teel / Jaak Tomberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tomberg, Jaak, 1980-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Saar, Anti. Kuidas sa ära läksid ja mina maha jäin : [jutud]. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2006 ; Saar, Anti. Nemad kaks : [lühiromaan]. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2008 ; Tekste siledast ruumist : [jutud]. Tallinn : Eesti Keele Sihtasutus, 2009

  11. Võidusamba tehnilist korrasolekut kinnitas kantsler Terrase allkiri / Urmas Jaagant

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jaagant, Urmas

    2010-01-01

    15. juunil võttis Tšehhi firma Sans Souci Vabadussõja võidusamba nurgaliistud kinnituste kontrollimiseks maha. Koos Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli inseneridega otsustatakse, kas on vaja muuta kinnituste konstruktsiooni. Vabadussõja võidusamba ülevõtmisest firmalt Sans Souci 2009. a. 19. novembril

  12. Meedikud loodavad rahumeelsele leppele / Eno-Gerrit Link

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Link, Eno-Gerrit

    2007-01-01

    Tervishoiutöötajate kutseliitude esindajad võtsid väljakuulutatud streigihoiatuse maha lootuses, et kokkulepe meditsiinitöötajate miinimumtunnitasu osas võib sõlmida rahulikul teel. Arvamust avaldab Haiglate Liidu juhatuse esimees Urmas Sule

  13. Egyptian Journal of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology (The) - Vol 4 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Clinical significance of anti-Scl-70 antibody estimation in pediatric patients with systemic lupus erythematosus · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Hanaa M El-Awady, Galila M Mokhtar, Maha M Fathy, Noha A Abd-El-Khalek ...

  14. Book notices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1957-01-01

    M.A.H.A. Magazine. On p. 495 it was announced that this quarterly published by the Malayan Agri-Horticultural Association was revived and the volumes now received (vol. 12 for 1955 and 15 for 1956) appear to be as well executed as before, with numerous illustrations, several coloured plates, and a

  15. Greenpeace süüdistab Soome metsatööstust / Villu Zirnask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zirnask, Villu, 1966-

    2006-01-01

    Greenpeace'i teatel impordivad Soome metsafirmad, sh. osaliselt riigile kuuluv Stora Enso, Venemaalt illegaalselt maha võetud metsa. Greepeace'i väitel surub Soome EL-is läbi suunda, mis jätab puidu illegaalsuse kontrolli metsatöösturite endi hooleks

  16. Põlengud Sitsiilia külas : teadlased on hämmingus / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2004-01-01

    Sitsiilia küla Canneto di Caronia on elanikud müstiliste põlengute tõttu maha jätnud. Põlengute üheks võimalikuks põhjuseks on Etna vulkaani pulbitseva magma gaasid, mis võivad tungida maa peale ja põhjustada põlenguid

  17. Muusikauudiseid maailmast / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2016-01-01

    Lühisõnumeid maailmast: Suri Nikolaus Harnoncourt. Grammy selleks aastaks jagatud. Claudio Abbado pärand liigub Berliini. Piotr Anderszewski võtab aja maha. Polar Music Prize Cecilia Bartolile. Lahkus USA helilooja Steven Stucky. Händeli kantaadi seni tundmatu versioon

  18. Naabrid ootavad Mugabelt taandumist / Triin Oppi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oppi, Triin

    2007-01-01

    Zimbabwe valitsusväed suruvad opositsiooni terroriga maha. Rahvusvaheline üldsus heidab president Robert Mugabe valitsusele ette inimõiguste rikkumist, riigi majanduskriisi tekitamist, korruptsiooni. Lõuna-Aafrika Arengu Ühendus arutab Zimbabwe presidendi käitumist. Kaart. Lisa: Robert Gabriel Mugabe

  19. Plagiaatorist Saksa minister andis alla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Saksamaa kaitseminister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg astus plagiaadiskandaali tõttu tagasi. Karl Theodor zu Guttenberg on veebilehe GutenPlag Wikia andmetel pea sõna-sõnalt ilma viitamata teistelt autoritelt maha kirjutanud viiendiku oma doktoritööst

  20. Officials mull over excess food fines

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Euroopa komisjon on veendunud, et mitmed uued EL-i liikmesriigid on teadlikult ostnud varem kokku toiduaineid, eesmärgiga need hiljem kasumiga maha müüa. Läti saab üleliigsete laovarude eest trahvi üle 10 miljoni ja Eesti ligi 21 miljonit eurot

  1. Keila-Joa loss presidendi uueks residentsiks?

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Riigi Kinnisvara AS võttis presidendi kantselei palvel müügist maha Keila-Joa lossikompleksi. Lossist võib tulevikus kujuneda riigipea residents. Ilmunud ka: Eesti Elu 15. juuni 2007, lk. 17, pealk.: Keila-Joale presidendi uus residents?; Eesti Hääl 10. aug. 2007, lk. 1, pealk.: Keila-Joale tuleb presidendi uus residents

  2. Tallinn Fashion Week täidab nädala kodumaise moega / Karilin Engelbrecht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Engelbrecht, Karilin

    2009-01-01

    Tallinn Fashion Week'i üritustest. Ülevaade eesti moekunstnike loomingu esitlustest. Näitus "Uus Eesti moejoonistus" Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis. Anu Hindi moefotonäitus "Aeg maha 3" Iida galeriis. Raamatu "Eesti moepiibel 2010" esitlus Rotermanni kvartali kohvikus Platz. Oksana Tanditi ja Filippo Caroti moefotonäitus "Butterflies" Tallinna botaanikaaias

  3. Greeni jätsid preemiata Meri ja Isamaa ministrid / Argo Ideon, Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ideon, Argo, 1966-

    2001-01-01

    Suusaliidu eismees Riigikogu spiiker Toomas Savi ja kultuuriminister Signe Kivi keeldusid maha salgamast olümpialiikumise veterani Arnold Greeni teeneid. Vt. samas A. Ideon "Spordi elutöö preemia jääb tänavu välja andmata". A. Green saab valitsuse reservfondist 200 000 krooni, mis ei ole preemia ega toetus

  4. Mentor - valus, kuid aus peegel / Teeli Remmelg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remmelg, Teeli

    2008-01-01

    Mentor Asko Talu näeb ennast kui juhi ausat peeglit ning väidab, et mentor ei saagi juhile otseselt midagi soovitada, vaid aitab pigem oma küsimustega teisel poolel ise vastusteni jõuda. Vt. samas: Mart Kallas. Mentor võtab hetkeemotsioonid maha

  5. Internet - rohi või mürk? / Kristjan Port

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Port, Kristjan

    2007-01-01

    Vietnami valitsus püüab seksiteemaliste veebisaitide programmiga suurendada sündivust. Seevastu Jaapani perekonna planeerimise ühingu arvates on internet ventiil, mille kaudu jaapanlased oma seksuaalse energia maha laevad, nii et seda ei jagu enam iibe tõstmiseks

  6. Tšetšeenia uus rahukava ei näe alistumist ette / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2006-01-01

    Eksiilis viibiv tšetšeenide välisminister Ahmed Zakajev saatis G8 tippkohtumisele läkituse, milles teatab, et läbirääkimised Venemaaga peavad algama eeltingimusteta. FSB ülem teatas, et tšetšeeni võitlejatel on aega 1. augustini, kui nad soovivad relvad maha panna ja amnestiat paluda

  7. Nafta hind aitas Vene börsi rekordile / Virge Lahe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lahe, Virge

    2007-01-01

    Nafta hinna tõus on avaldanud Venemaa aktsiaturgudele positiivset mõju, tõstes aktsiahinna indeksi kõigi aegade kõrgeima tasemeni. Diagramm: RTS võttis eile rekordtaseme juures hoo maha. Tabel: Venemaa aktsiatehingute teenustasud Eesti maaklerfirmades

  8. Development of Environmental Knowledge, Team Working Skills and Desirable Behaviors on Environmental Conservation of Matthayomsuksa 6 Students Using Good Science Thinking Moves Method with Metacognition Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladawan, Charinrat; Singseewo, Adisak; Suksringarm, Paitool

    2015-01-01

    The research aimed to investigate environmental knowledge, team working skills, and desirable behaviors of students learning through the good science thinking moves method with metacognition techniques. The sample group included Matthayomsuksa 6 students from Nadoon Prachasan School, Nadoon District, Maha Sarakham Province. The research tools were…

  9. Marks & Spencer loob ELis maksupretsedenti / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 13. apr. lk. 6. Briti rõivakett Marks & Spencer kaebas, et Briti maksuseadused, mis ei lubanud emafirma Suurbritannias maksustavast tulust maha kanda Saksamaal, Prantsusmaal ja Belgias asunud tütarfirmade suuri kahjumeid üheksakümnendate aastate lõpus, on vastuolus EL-i ühisturu seadustega

  10. Leaders bow heads for synagogue tragedy

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    4. juulil 1941 põletasid natsid Riias maha sünagoogi, mille käigus võis hukkuda kuni 2000 juuti. 4. juuli mälestustseremoonial osales hulk tipp-poliitikuid ja väliskülalisi, kellele Iisraeli suursaadik Gary Koren pani südamele propageerida antisemitismi null-tolerantsi Lätis

  11. Comparative Morphological Analysis of the Immature Stages of the Grass Blue Butterflies Zizeeria and Zizina (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurung, Raj D; Iwata, Masaki; Hiyama, Atsuki; Taira, Wataru; Degnan, Bernard; Degnan, Sandie; Otaki, Joji M

    2016-08-01

    The pale grass blue butterfly has been used to assess the biological effects of the Fukushima nuclear accident. Zizeeria and Zizina are two closely related genera of grass blue butterflies that are widely distributed in tropical to temperate Asia, Australia, and Africa, making them suitable environmental indicators for these areas. However, the morphological features of the immature stages have been examined only in fragmentary fashion. Here, we reared Zizeeria maha argia, Zizeeria maha okinawana, Zizeeria karsandra karsandra, Zizina emelina emelina, Zizina otis labradus, and Zizina otis riukuensis using a standard rearing method that was developed for Zizeeria maha, and comparatively identified morphological traits to effectively classify the immature stages of species or subspecies. Morphological information on these and other subspecies including Zizeeria knysna knysna and Zizina otis antanossa from Africa was also collected from literature. The subspecies were all reared successfully. The subspecies all had dorsal nectary and tentacle organs with similar morphology. For the subspecies of Zizeeria maha, only minor morphological differences were noted. Similarly, the subspecies of Zizina otis shared many traits. Most importantly, Zizeeria and Zizina differed in the shape of the sensory hairs that accompany the dorsal nectary organ; Zizeeriahad pointed hairs, and Zizina had blunt or rounded hairs. However, Zizina emelina exhibited several intermediate features between these two genera. Overall, the morphological traits did not completely reflect the conventional systematic relationships. This comparative study describes the efficient rearing of the grass blue butterflies and provides a morphological basis for the use of these species as environmental indicators.

  12. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research - Vol 14, No 10 (2015)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Mohammad Younus, Md Fasiuddin Arif, M Paul Richards, D Bharat Kumar, 239-245 .... EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Mohamed I Attia, Hazem A Ghabbour, Maha S Almutairi, Soraya W Ghoneim, Hoong-Kun Fun, 1865-1870.

  13. Elu ilma Fonteseta? Elu ilma Tõnis Arrota? / Tõnis Arro ; interv. Taivo Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arro, Tõnis, 1960-

    2006-01-01

    Eesti ühe vanema ja suurema konsultatsioonifirma Fontes omanik müüs 2005. aasta detsembris 15 aastase ettevõtte oma töötajatele maha, säilitades nõukogu esimehena siiski sõnaõiguse. Fontese ajaloost ning juhtimispõhimõtetest. Vt. samas: Tõnis Arro - Vanemuise lavalt tippkonsultandiks

  14. Skoone bastion tekitas aukartust juba oma olemasoluga / Oliver Õunmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õunmaa, Oliver

    2011-01-01

    Arhitektuuriajaloolane Rein Zobel Skoone bastioni minevikust ja peagi teatriks muunduva endise muldkindlustuse kasutusviisidest läbi aegade. 1948. a. avati ühel bastioni osal Nõukogude armeele kuuluv Madruste Klubi lõbustuspark ja puidust Suveteatri hoone, mis põles 10. juunil 1997. a. maha

  15. Tervis elujärge mõjutava tegurina = Health as the factor influencing the living niveau / Mari Kreitzberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreitzberg, Mari

    2006-01-01

    Viimaste aastate kiirest majanduskasvust hoolimata jääb Eesti rahvastiku terviseseisund uuringute põhjal maha enamikest Euroopa Liidu riikidest. Ülevaade, kuidas jagunesid Eesti leibkonnad 2005. aastal, lähtudes leibkonnaliikmete oma tervisele antud hinnangust võrreldes eakaaslastega, puudega või kroonilise haigusega ning kõrvalise abita mittetoimetulevate liikmete olemasolust leibkonnas. Diagrammid. Tabelid

  16. Maailm võitleb sooja kliima tekitatud kahjuga / Scheherazade Daneshkhu, Fiona Harvey ; tõlk. Erik Aru

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Daneshkhu, Scheherazade

    2006-01-01

    Kliimamuutuse majanduslik käsitlus on maha jäänud, kulu-tulu analüüsi kasutamine keskkonnakahju hindamisel on tekitanud probleeme, ÜRO on hakanud propageerima "looduslikku kapitali" keskkonnahüviste hindamiseks. Maailmapanga endise peaökonomisti Sir Gordon Browni juhtimisel valmib kliimamuutuse majandusmõjude ülevaade. Lisa: Emissioonikaubanduse raamistik; Korporatsioone sunnitakse tegudele

  17. Võrdne kohtlemine / Mati Heidmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heidmets, Mati

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli (TPÜ) rektori sõnul on valitsuse heakskiidetud riiklike investeeringute programmis (RIP) aastateks 2004-2007 kirjas valitsuse plaan rahastada TPÜ ja Eesti Humanitaarinstituudi uue õppehoone ehitust 82 miljoni krooni ulatuses, kuid sama valitsus on otsustanud selle RIP-ist maha tõmmata. Võrreldud Tallinna ja Tartu kõrgkoolidele eraldatud investeeringuid

  18. Genetic diversity of Mayetiola destructor and Mayetiola hordei ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Owner

    simple sequence repeats (ISSRs). Maha MEZGHANI KHEMAKHEM1, Mohamed MARRAKCHI1 and Hanem MAKNI1,2*. 1Laboratoire de Génétique Moléculaire, Immunologie et Biotechnologie, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, 2092 El. Manar, Tunisie. 2Institut Supérieur de l'Animation pour la Jeunesse et la Culture de Bir ...

  19. Urmas Sõõrumaa müüb oma osaluse Vene turvaettevõtetes / Lauri Linnamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnamäe, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    Suurärimees Urmas Sõõrumaa müüb maha oma osaluse Venemaa turvafirmades Alfa Nord ja A-N Holding, et ennetada ettevõtete vastu suunatud sanktsioone. Rünnakute alla on langenud ka soomlastega seotud kaubaterminal Container Finance. Lisa: Oht majanduskasvule

  20. Püha pesu / Kaius Niemi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niemi, Kaius

    2001-01-01

    Kümned miljonid palverändurid pesevad end pühas Gangese jões Indias. Maailma ajaloo kõige suurem ususündmus Maha Kumbh Melat toimub iga tosina aasta järel ja kestab 43 päeva. Allikas: Helsingin Sanomat

  1. AirBaltic grows but profits elusive

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    AirBalticu vähemusomanik Baltijas Aviacijas Sistemas tegi Läti transpordiministeeriumile ettepaneku ettevõttele kuuluvad aktsiad 130 miljoni euroga maha müüa. Valitsuse võimalikest edaspidistest plaanidest airBalticuga. Suve alguses kohtus peaminister Valdis Dombrovskis Läti lennundusest huvitatud Ukraina investoritega

  2. Küünarnukk purustas 1,7 miljardit maksva maali / Aadu Hiietamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiietamm, Aadu, 1954-

    2006-01-01

    Kunstikoguja Steve Wynn lõhkus Las Vegases kogemata Picasso maali "La Reve" ("Unistus"), mille ta oli otsustanud maha müüa 139 miljoni dollari eest. Senine rekordhind - 135 miljonit dollarit - maksti Gustav Klimti portreemaali "Adele Bloch-Bauer I" eest

  3. Studing the types of organisational culture / Harry Roots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roots, Harry

    2003-01-01

    Roger Harrisoni organisatsioonikultuuri tüpoloogia tutvustus ja selle kasutamisest Eesti organisatsioonide uurimisel. Autori arvates jääb juhtimiskultuur ja -stiil Eesti organisatsioonides ning ettevõtetes jätkuvalt maha organisatsioonikultuuri üldisest arengust. Tabel. Graafik

  4. King Chulalongkorn: biography and his activities in medicine and public health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charulukananan, Somrat; Sueblinvong, Tada

    2003-06-01

    King Rama V, or Chulalongkorn, was the fifth monarch of the Chakri Dynasty. He was one of the most beloved of the Thai kings due to his many activities including abolishing slavery without bloodshed and especially his skillful diplomacy which succeeded in steering Siam out of the grips of the colonial powers. His activities also included reform of the administration of the kingdom according to the European model and in bringing Siam into the modern era with such exquisite skills that he is still vividly remembered today. His reign also saw many developments in medicine and public health. The King's role in these areas, however, were clouded by his more visible activities in politics and diplomacy. The result is that the Thai public learned rather little about his role in these areas. This article aims at collecting this and to show the King's very important role in modernizing medicine and public health in Siam.

  5. Uute sõidukite jaemüüjate TOP

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Automüüjate TOP 35. Vt. samas: Signe Sillasoo. Järelturg kukkus 15%; Signe Sillasoo intervjuu Scania Eesti AS-i tegevjuhi Janno Karuga; Tiit Lillipuu. Müüjad üritavad lattu seisma jäänud sõidukeid kiirelt maha müüa; Lars Fredrik Johannes Kjellgren. Tarbesõidukite turul toimub kainenemine; Kadrin Karner. United Motors: meie import kasvab; ABC Motors: meil läheb hästi

  6. Riigiettevõtete börsile viimine aitaks majandust turgutada / Helga Koger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koger, Helga, 1945-

    2008-01-01

    Riigiettevõtete börsile viimist toetab IRL esimees Mart Laar ja ka Reformierakond. SDE fraktsiooni esimees Eiki Nestor on arvamusel, et riigile kuuluvate ettevõtete börsile viimisega ei tohiks tegelda kampaania korras ja kiirustades. Keskfraktsiooni aseesimees Ain Seppiku arvamus on, et riigile olulisi ettevõtteid ei tohiks börsi kaudu maha müüa

  7. Mängusõda / Jüri Kadak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kadak, Jüri, 1941-

    1999-01-01

    Järg Jan/5;6;7;8;9;11;12;13;14;16;15;18;19;20;21;22;23;25;26;27;28;29;3; Feb/1;2;3;4;6;8;9;10;12;13;15;16;17;18;19;20;22;23. Sõja ja vastupanuta, poliitiliste mängude kaudu, on maha mängitud eestlaste maad. Riigipöördekatsed

  8. Moesõber, sel nädalal riisu koor Eesti rõivakunstilt! / Tanel Veenre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veenre, Tanel, 1977-

    2009-01-01

    3. Tallinna moenädala üritustest. Tallinn Fashion Week'i korraldab Eesti Moedisaini Liit. Näitus "Uus Eesti moejoonistus" Arhitektuuri- ja Disainigaleriis. Filippo Caroti ja Oksana Tanditi moefotonäitus Tallinnas Galeriis M. Meesteehete väljapanek ja Anu Hindi moefotonäitus "Aeg maha 3" Iida galeriis. "Eesti moepiibel 2010" esitlus. Rahvusvaheline seminar Veerenni 24. Ülevaade eesti moekunstnike loomingu esitlustest

  9. Dosaatorid Bigbag-kottidele : täpne tühjendamine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2016-01-01

    Harva juhtub, et BigBagist kogu väetis või seeme punkrisse ära mahub, ikka kipub midagi üle jääma. Et ülejääk maha ei pudeneks, soovib iga nende kottide tühjendaja täpsemat doseerimise võimalust. Katsealusteks olid Soomes loodud Raimo Bigbag Dispenser ja Prantsusmaal toodetud Vidbag

  10. Euroopa peab reformidega kiirustama / Sirje Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Sirje, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Euroopa Reformi Keskuse CER vahearuanne näitab, et Euroopa on rea näitajate poolest USA-st täna enamgi maha jäänud kui viis aastat tagasi, mil Lissabonis seati eesmärk aastaks 2010 USA-st konkurentsivõimelt mööda minna. Lisa: Lissaboni eesmärgi alles kaugel

  11. Tallinna linnaelu kajastumine raehärra Hans Rotgersi märkmetes / Tiina Kala

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kala, Tiina, 1967-

    2008-01-01

    Hans Rotgersi aktiivne tegutsemisperiood hõlmab 15. sajandi viimase ja 16. saj. esimese veerandi. Kõige ulatuslikuma kirjaliku pärandi on ta endast maha jätnud Niguliste kiriku eestseisjana. Niguliste kiriku olulistest daatumitest. Maksujõuliste tallinlaste surma kajastumisest Rotgersi ülestähendustes. Rotgersi käsikirjas säilinud astroloogiliste ja meditsiiniliste soovituste kogust. Hans Rotgersi testamendist.

  12. Rain Tamm : börsid käituvad nagu kasiinod / Rain Tamm ; interv. Mikk Salu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Rain

    2008-01-01

    Gild Bankersi juht vastab küsimustele, mil viisil investeerib ta oma klientide raha, kuidas ta on käitunud oma isikliku rahaga, mida arvatakse meist lähisturgudel; kui tõenäoseks peab ta stsenaariumi, et Eesti majandus langeb neli aastat järjest; kas pangad võiksid sundida ettevõtteid ennast maha müüma

  13. G8 õhutas energiaturgu avama / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke 17. juuli lk. 10. Maailma juhtivad tööstusriigid teatasid 16. juulil Peterburi tippkohtumisel tehtud avalduses, et olukorras, kus maailma energianõudlus kasvab 2030. aastaks vähemalt 50 protsenti, peab energiaturg olema avatum ja keskkonnasõbralikum. Lisa: Juhtivad tööstusriigid. Vt. samas: Olli Vesala. Miilits surus Peterburis protestid maha

  14. Pärnits kummutab jutud Ülemiste City müügist / Jaana Pikalev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pikalev, Jaana

    2010-01-01

    AS Mainor omanikeringi kuuluv Ülo Pärnits kummutab jutud, nagu sooviks firma Ülemiste City maha müüa. Uus Maa Kinnisvaragrupp OÜ tegevjuhi Jaanus Lauguse väitel on pool Ülemiste Cityst välja arendamata, tema hinnangul on mõistlik Ülemiste City riskide maandamiseks müüa mõnele pikaajalisele investorile

  15. Evelin Ilves jäi lavalaua vahele kontsapidi kinni / Eve Heinla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinla, Eve, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    8. märtsil 2008 toimus Pärnus Endla teatris Eesti Lions klubide heategevusball, kus osales ka heategevusliikumise "Saa nägijaks!" aupatroon proua Evelin Ilves. Proua E. Ilvese tikk-konts jäi lavalaudade vahele kinni. Pärnu teatris juhtus äpardus ka president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesel - 23. veebruaril 2008 teenetemärkide kätteandmise tseremoonial kõnet pidades sorises kõnepuldilt vett maha

  16. Eesti Energia IPO nõuab sadu miljoneid kroone / Sulev Vedler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vedler, Sulev, 1970-

    2009-01-01

    Valitsus ei otsustanud, kas müüa Eesti Energia uued aktsiad maha börsi kaudu või osta need ise ära. Peaministri majandusnõuniku Aare Järvani sõnul on tegemist olulise poliitilise otsusega ja see ei tohi tekitada rahvas pahameelt. Autori sõnul võidaks börsiplaan poolehoidu näiteks siis, kui firma töötajad ja jaekliendid saaksid osta aktsiaid soodustingimustel

  17. 20. X avati arhitektuuri- ja disainigaleriis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Väljapanek "Vaateaken Eesti ekspositsioonile Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalil". Eestit esindab 9. Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalil Eesti Arhitektide Liidu projekt "Aeg-maha-arhitektuur", idee autor Kristjan Holm, kaasautorid Liina Jänes ja Pille Epner. Kabli rannast Veneetsiasse teisaldatud puust hobusekujulise välikäimla on loonud Agu Külm ja Jukka-Pekka Jalovaara. Ku-Ku klubis esilinastus Marianne Kõrveri, Rain Tolgi ja Andres Maimiku dokumentaalfilm "Surm Veneetsias"

  18. Swedbank ei kavatse Hansapanka müüa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Maailma ühe suurima panga Citigroup analüütikute raporti järgi oleks Swedbanki panga väärtus palju suurem, kui panga mõned osad maha müüa. Hansapanga juhatuse esimehe Erkki Raasukese sõnul pole Swedbanki juhid rääkinud Hansapanga müügist, mis tähendaks panga strateegia muutmist

  19. Elevandiluuranniku uurijad said Probo Koala logiraamatu koopia / Kadri Ibrus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ibrus, Kadri

    2006-01-01

    Elevandiluuranniku uurijate eesmärk on välja selgitada, kes kohalikest võimuesindajatest andis loa mürgised jäätmed Abidjani linnas maha valada. Eestis viibinud Elevandiluuranniku delegatsioon sai tanker Probo Koala logiraamatu koopia. Vt. samas intervjuud Elevandiluuranniku peaprokuröri Raymond Fehou Tchimou'ga; Abidjanis elatakse mürkide hirmu all. Lisa: Trafigura tahab jäätmed Lätti saata

  20. Eesti gaasiküsimustes : õnnis nagu palderjani nuusutanud kass / Virkko Lepassalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepassalu, Virkko, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Kehtiva Euroopa Liidu nn gaasidirektiivi 55/2003 järgi soovitatakse gaasi tootmine ja levitamine viia eraldi ettevõtete kätte, praegu ettevalmistatav regulatsioon muudaks selle kohustuslikuks. Seega peaks Gazprom oma 37% -lise osaluse Eesti Gaasis maha müüma. Eesti Gaasi kui sisulise monopolisti hoidmine Gazpromi filiaalina Eestis ohustab otseselt meie julgeolekut. Vt. samas: Välisminister Urmas Paeti kiri Nord Streamile; Nord Streami kaanepoisid

  1. A new representative of star-shaped fungi: Astraeus sirindhorniae sp. nov. from Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phosri, Cherdchai; Watling, Roy; Suwannasai, Nuttika; Wilson, Andrew; Martín, María P

    2014-01-01

    Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary (PKWS) is a major hotspot of biological diversity in Thailand but its fungal diversity has not been thouroughly explored. A two-year macrofungal study of this remote locality has resulted in the recognition of a new species of a star-shaped gasteroid fungus in the genus Astraeus. This fungus has been identified based on a morphological approach and the molecular study of five loci (LSU nrDNA, 5.8S nrDNA, RPB1, RPB2 and EF1-a). Multigene phylogenetic analysis of this new species places it basal relative to other Astraeus, providing additional evidence for the SE Asian origin of the genus. The fungus is named in honour of Her Majesty Princess Sirindhorn on the occasion the 84th birthday of her father, who have both been supportive of natural heritage studies in Thailand.

  2. Investigation of Ionospheric Disturbances Using Radio and Optical Observations in South-East Asia -- The Initial Results of the ASI and FPI Observations in Chiang Mai, Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubota, M.; Nagatsuma, T.; Otsuka, Y.; Shiokawa, K.; Komonjinda, S.; Komolmis, T.; Somboon, E.; Tsugawa, T.; Maruyama, T.; Murata, K. T.

    2010-12-01

    For the purpose of monitoring and forecasting equatorial ionospheric disturbances, SEALION (SouthEast Asia Low-latitude IOnospheric Network) has been developed since 2003 as a cooperation project by National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT), King Mongkut's Institute of Technology Ladkrabang (KMITL) in Thailand, Chiang Mai University (CMU) in Thailand, National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN) in Indonesia, Hanoi Institute of Geophysics (HIG), Vietnamese Academy of Science and Technology in Vietnam, Center for Space Science and Applied Research (CSSAR), Chinese Academy of Sciences in China, Kyoto University in Japan, and Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory (STEL), Nagoya University in Japan. SEALION consists of five ionosondes, four GPS receivers, two GPS scintillation monitors, and a magnetometer. As a part of this project, we newly installed an all-sky imager (ASI) and a Fabry-Perot Interferometer (FPI) at Sirindhorn observatory in Chiang Mai (18.8N, 98.9E, Dip lat. 13.1), Thailand. This site is located near conjugate to EAR site in Kototabang, Indonesia. One of main targets of the ASI observation is the large-scale wave structure (LSWS) with wavelengths of 100-1000 km. The LSWS is thought to be connected to the generation mechanism of equatorial plasma bubbles (EPB). The optical observations in Chiang Mai started in February 2010, and we have detected several ionospheric disturbance events with these instruments In this paper, we will show the initial results of the optical observations from Sirindhorn observatory, and discuss the features of ionospheric disturbances in Southeast Asia.

  3. President sekkus suvilate erastamisse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Paslepas juba suveresidentsi omav president Arnold Rüütel soovis ootamatult enda kasutusse ka üht suvilat Keila-Joal, kuigi valitsus kavatseb sealse puhkekompleksi maha müüa. President kutsus Kadriorgu rahandusminister Harri Õunapuu ning avaldas soovi, et Keila-Joa puhkekompleksi müügi korral jääks üks suvila endiselt tema käsutusse. Jutuajamise juures viibis ka presidendi kantselei direktor Tarmo Mänd. Ilmunud ka Järva Teataja (2002/Sep/5) lk 1

  4. Rahvaliitlaste rahalaevad roostetavad kai ääres / Sten-Aleks Pihlak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pihlak, Sten-Aleks

    2007-01-01

    Rahvaliidule lähedal seisvad ärimehed müüsid riigile maha vanu kalalaevu, et neid õppelaevadena kasutada, kuid nüüd roostetavad laevad kai ääres. Vt. samas: Lobby ekstraklass - minister tegi kõik, mis soovitud; Kalurite liit on tänaseks laiali jooksnud; Undrest jr võitles toetuse välja kohtus; Üheksast õppelaevaks muudetud alusest õpitakse päriselt vaid mõnel. Küsimustele vastab endine põllumajandusminister Ester Tuiksoo. Kommenteerivad Toivo Orgussaar ja Jüri Lember

  5. Nõrk või tugev raha? : mündireformid ja nende põhjused Euroopas 15. sajandi alguses / Ivar Leimus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leimus, Ivar, 1953-

    2014-01-01

    Saksa Ordu majanduslikust pankrotist Tannenbergi lahingu järel. Katsetest olukorda lahendada. Danzigi veriselt maha surutud mündimässust, misjärel kõrgmeistril tuli siiski loobuda reformist algselt mõeldud kujul. Mündireform toimus 15. sajandi alguses ka Liivimaal. Küsimuseks jääb kuivõrd mõjutas seda kõrgmeistrile osutatud rahalinae abi. Suurem kriis Liivimaa mündinduses näib olevat alanud alles 1415. aastal. 15. sajandi algul halvenes raha peaaegu kõikjal Euroopas, kuid selle põhjused ja käik olid erinevad

  6. Vike-Freiberga on sunnitud kleite müüma / Harry Tuul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuul, Harry

    2007-01-01

    Läti endine president Vaira Vike-Freiberga kavatseb oma esindusriided eBays maha müüa. Koos abikaasa Imants Freibergsiga asutati konsultatsioonifirma VVF Consulting, mis annab nõu diplomaatia, poliitika ja läbirääkimiste kunstis. Ekspresidendi tulevikuplaanidest. Vaira Vike-Freiberga kohta avaldavad arvamust Eesti suursaadik Riias 2002-2006 Toomas Lukk ja president Toomas Hendrik Ilves. T.H. Ilvese sõnul on Vaira Vike-Freiberga Läti patrioot, kes oli ühtlasi rahvusvahelises rindes kõigi kolme Balti riigi eestkõneleja

  7. Lesnoi tsvetok : [luuletused] / Anna Haava ; lühibiograafia: O. K. [Oskar Kruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haava, Anna, pseud., 1864-1957

    1999-01-01

    Sisu: Lesnoi tsvetok 1-2 / tlk. Bronislav Kezhun ; Net, stih ne vetrõ navevajut / tlk. Nora Javorskaja ; Odin lish raz ljubov bõvajet / tlk. B. Kezhun ; "Zabotõ svoi shoronila..." / tlk. Marina Tervonen ; Sodom i Gomorra / tlk. V. Sokolov ; Oh, rodina ; Vetra, tshto mansardu moju produvali / tlk. Nora Javorskaja. Orig.: Nõmmelill 1-2 ; Ei tule luule tuulest ; Üks ainus kord ; Mu mured kõik matsin ma maha ; Sina, Soodom ja Gomorra ; Oh kodumaa ; Kui puhus mu katusekambri tuul

  8. A report of three cases with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) secondary to an occult gastric adenocarcinoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Forat, Y.M.; Hashemian, Z.; Nazmieh, H.; Ghadimi, H.R.

    2009-01-01

    Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a disseminated form of thrombotic microangiopathy with clinical findings consisting of fever, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA), thrombocytopenia, fluctuating neurologic impairment and renal dysfunction. However, Microangiopathic hemolytic anemia has been described in association with disseminated malignancies, most commonly adenocarcinoma of the breast or stomach. We present three patients with microangiopathic anemia in whom metastatic cancer was finally diagnosed; however, they died of refractory hemolytic anemia in the end. The occurrence of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia in patients with disseminated malignant in gastric adenocarsinoma is well documented. Therefore, the diagnosis of tumor-associated TTP should be considered in unresponsive TTP patient treated with plasmapheresis. (author)

  9. Arhitektuuriaasta 2004 = The year in architecture 2004 / Epp Lankots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lankots, Epp, 1976-

    2005-01-01

    Arhitektuuriauhindade nominentidest ja premeeritutest. Eesti Kultuurkapitali aastapreemia sai Toomas Rank Rägavere mõisa renoveerimise eest. Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali renoveerimispreemia - Mari Kurismaa, Eesti Draamateatri interjööride renoveerimine; objektipreemia - Martin Aunin, Ülemiste hotell; interjööripreemia - Jan Joonas Graps, Ken-Kristjan Ruut, "Jungenti" büroo; arhitektuurse tegevuse preemia - Kristjan Holm, Liina Jänes, Agu Külm, Jukka-Pekka Jalovaara, Pille Epner, Madis Jürgen, Tõnu Kaalep, Ingmar Muusikus, Eesti ekspositsioon "Aeg-maha-arhitektuur" Veneetsia arhitektuuribiennaalil

  10. A study on Maruca vitrata infestation of Yard-long beans (Vigna unguiculata subspecies sesquipedalis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.C. Jayasinghe

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Globally, Maruca vitrata (Geyer is a serious yield constraint on food legumes including Yard-long bean (Vigna unguiculata subspecies sesquipedalis. However, there is a dearth of information on its damage potential, distribution and population dynamics in Yard-long beans. In the present study, the level of M. vitrata larval infestation on flowers and pods of Yard-long beans in Sri Lanka was determined with respect to three consecutive cropping seasons, Yala, Off and Maha. Results indicated that larval infestation and abundance varied with developmental stage of flowers and pods, cropping season and their combined interactive effects. Flowers of Yard-long beans were more prone to M. vitrata larval attack compared to pods. Abundance and level of infestation of M. vitrata varied with plant parts, having a ranking of flower buds (highest > open flowers > mature pods > immature pods (lowest. Peak infestation was observed six and eight weeks after planting on flowers and pods, respectively. Among the three cropping seasons, M. vitrata infestation was found to be higher during Maha and Off seasons compared to Yala. The findings of this study contribute to the identified knowledge gap regarding the field biology of an acknowledged important pest, M. vitrata, in a previously understudied crop in Sri Lanka.

  11. Body size distributions of the pale grass blue butterfly in Japan: Size rules and the status of the Fukushima population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taira, Wataru; Iwasaki, Mayo; Otaki, Joji M.

    2015-01-01

    The body size of the pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha, has been used as an environmental indicator of radioactive pollution caused by the Fukushima nuclear accident. However, geographical and temporal size distributions in Japan and temperature effects on size have not been established in this species. Here, we examined the geographical, temporal, and temperature-dependent changes of the forewing size of Z. maha argia in Japan. Butterflies collected in 2012 and 2013 from multiple prefectures throughout Japan demonstrated an inverse relationship of latitude and forewing size, which is the reverse of Bergmann’s cline. The Fukushima population was significantly larger than the Aomori and Miyagi populations and exhibited no difference from most of the other prefectural populations. When monitored at a single geographic locality every other month, forewing sizes were the largest in April and the smallest in August. Rearing larvae at a constant temperature demonstrated that forewing size followed the temperature-size rule. Therefore, the converse Bergmann’s rule and the temperature-size rule coexist in this multivoltine species. Our study establishes this species as a useful environmental indicator and supports the idea that the size reduction observed only in Fukushima Prefecture in 2011 was caused by the environmental stress of radioactive pollution. PMID:26197998

  12. Distinct Pattern of Solar Modulation of Galactic Cosmic Rays above a High Geomagnetic Cutoff Rigidity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangeard, Pierre-Simon; Clem, John; Evenson, Paul; Pyle, Roger; Mitthumsiri, Warit; Ruffolo, David; Sáiz, Alejandro; Nutaro, Tanin

    2018-05-01

    Solar modulation refers to Galactic cosmic-ray variations with the ∼11 yr sunspot cycle and ∼22 yr solar magnetic cycle and is relevant to the space radiation environment and effects on Earth’s atmosphere. Its complicated dependence on solar and heliospheric conditions is only roughly understood and has been empirically modeled in terms of a single modulation parameter. Most analyses of solar modulation use neutron monitor (NM) data from locations with relatively low geomagnetic cutoff rigidity, i.e., the threshold for cosmic rays to penetrate Earth’s magnetic field. The Princess Sirindhorn Neutron Monitor at Doi Inthanon, Thailand, has the world’s highest cutoff rigidity (≈17 GV) where observations span a complete solar modulation cycle (since late 2007). The pattern of solar modulation at Doi Inthanon during 2011–2014 was qualitatively very different from that at a low geomagnetic cutoff and is not well described by the same modulation parameter. At other times, NM count rates from Doi Inthanon and McMurdo, Antarctica (cutoff ∼1 GV), were linearly correlated and confirm the observation from latitude surveys in the previous solar cycle that the slope of the correlation changes with solar magnetic polarity. Low solar magnetic tilt angles (magnetic field, which is consistent with an increase in diffusion at high rigidity short-circuiting the effects of drifts and the heliospheric current sheet.

  13. Physical Properties and Evolution of the Eclipsing Binary System XZ Canis Minoris

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poochaum, R.; Komonjinda, S.; Soonthornthum, B.; Rattanasoon, S.

    2010-07-01

    This research aims to study the eclipse binary system so that its physical properties and evolution can be determined and used as an example to teach high school astronomy. The study of an eclipsing binary system XZ Canis Minoris (XZ CMi) was done at Sirindhorn Observatory, Chiang Mai University using a 0.5-meter reflecting telescope with CCD photometric system (2184×1417 pixel) in B V and R bands of UVB System. The data obtained were used to construct the light curve for each wavelength band and to compute the times of its light minima. New elements were derived using observations with linear to all available minima. As a result, linear ephemeris is HDJmin I = .578 808 948+/-0.000 000 121+2450 515.321 26+/-0.001 07 E, and the new orbital period of XZ CMi is 0.578 808 948+/-0.000 000 121 day. The values obtained were used with the previously published times of minima to get O-C curve of XZ CMi. The result revealed that the orbital period of XZ CMi is continuously decreased at a rate of 0.007 31+/-0.000 57 sec/year. This result indicates that the binary stars are moving closer continuously. From the O-C residuals, there is significant change to indicate the existence of the third body or magnetic activity cycle on the star. However, further analysis of the physical properties of XZ CMi is required.

  14. AL-QUR’AN SEBAGAI SUMBER PENGETAHUAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Kusrini

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available By studying the history of Prophet Muhammad SAW then it can be understood that he was a leading man in that time because it has implemented a moral revolution so as to lift the human level from the valley of moral damage to the highest level of morality. This historical approach can be gained by understanding that the Qur'an contains the most powerful force in helping human beings reach the spiritual, moral, social and intellectual heights that are central to the manifestation of the welfare of mankind and the whole of nature. To achieve the level of human morality in realizing the welfare of life is not enough just to read, interpret, and praise the Koran. More than that, the next important thing is we must observe, research, search, and explore the most powerful values in the Qur'an. The Qur'an as a source of knowledge about Islam, God, man, and nature, contains God's commands to humans in the form of the most holy values. These values become the foundation of life that requires application in the form of behavior, which its validity is not limited by time, place and certain atmosphere.   Dengan menelaah sejarah Nabi Muhammad SAW maka dapat dipahami bahwa beliau adalah orang terkemuka pada zaman itu karena telah melaksanakan revolusi moral sehingga mampu mengangkat derajat manusia dari lembah kerusakan moral ke tingkat akhlak yang paling tinggi. Pendekatan dari segi sejarah tersebut dapat diperoleh pemahaman bahwa al Quran mengandung kekuatan yang maha dahsyat dalam membantu manusia mencapai ketinggian spiritual, moral, sosial dan intelektual yang merupakan inti dalam perwujudan kesejahteraan umat manusia dan keseluruhan isi alam. Untuk mencapai tingkat akhlak manusia dalam mewujudkan kesejahteraan hidup itu tidak cukup hanya dengan membaca, menafsirkan, dan memuji al Quran. Lebih dari itu, hal penting berikutnya adalah kita wajib mengamati, meneliti, mencari, dan menggali nilai-nilai yang maha dahsyat dalam al Quran. Al Quran sebagai sumber

  15. Monitoring AGNs with Hbeta Asymmetry with the Wyoming Infra-Red Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brotherton, Michael S.; Du, Pu; Wang, Jian-Min; Wang, Kai; Huang, Zhengpeng; Hu, Chen; Li, Yan-rong; Kasper, David H.; Chick, William T.; Nguyen, My L.; Maithil, Jaya; Hand, Derek; Bai, Jin-Ming; Ho, Luis

    2018-06-01

    We present preliminary results from two seasons of reverberation mapping of AGNs using the optical longslit spectrograph on the 2.3 meter WIRO telescope. The majority of the sample is part of our "Monitoring AGNs with Hbeta Asymmetry" project, also known as MAHA, which targets rarer AGNs with extremely asymmetric profiles that may provide new insights into the full diversity of size and structure of the broad-line region (BLR). Our hundreds of nights of telescope time provide dozens of epochs of spectra for approximately two dozen objects. Notably we find that many AGNs with broader asymmetric Hbeta emission lines possess time lags significantly shorter than expected for their luminosity in comparison to the majority of AGNs reverberation mapped.

  16. Üle kuristiku : [luuletused] / Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Doris, 1958-

    1998-01-01

    Sisu: Üle kuristiku ; Pärastlõuna ; Miski jääb lõpuni puudu ; "Nüüd, kus sa tead juba elust..." ; Lõpp ; Pühitsus 1-3 ; "Iga päev..." ; "Sellest maast, sellest saatusest..." ; "Me elu on me elu ainus mõte..." ; Midas ; Tagahoovid 2 ; Painaja ; Hääl ; "Ma tean, et meenun Sulle ainult siis..." ; Teerist ; Passioon 1-4 ; Erakiri ; "Käib aimamatut rada armastus..." ; Ärkamine ; "Sa lakkasid olemast ime..." ; "Läbi elu lendab surmakivi..." ; "Viib sünnieelsest unest surmaunne..." ; "Tark olla tahtmise ja teadmissunni..." ; "Kui palve püsib puhas leht su ees..." ; "Puud kohisevad. Mu elu..." ; "Ta vaikib, su Õpetaja..." ; "Ma kirjutasin maha, liivale..." ; "Kõik, keda nägin..."

  17. The biological impacts of the Fukushima nuclear accident on the pale grass blue butterfly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiyama, Atsuki; Nohara, Chiyo; Kinjo, Seira; Taira, Wataru; Gima, Shinichi; Tanahara, Akira; Otaki, Joji M

    2012-01-01

    The collapse of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant caused a massive release of radioactive materials to the environment. A prompt and reliable system for evaluating the biological impacts of this accident on animals has not been available. Here we show that the accident caused physiological and genetic damage to the pale grass blue Zizeeria maha, a common lycaenid butterfly in Japan. We collected the first-voltine adults in the Fukushima area in May 2011, some of which showed relatively mild abnormalities. The F₁ offspring from the first-voltine females showed more severe abnormalities, which were inherited by the F₂ generation. Adult butterflies collected in September 2011 showed more severe abnormalities than those collected in May. Similar abnormalities were experimentally reproduced in individuals from a non-contaminated area by external and internal low-dose exposures. We conclude that artificial radionuclides from the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant caused physiological and genetic damage to this species.

  18. Tubakapood : valik tõlkeid / Fernando Pessoa ; tõlk. Tõnu Õnnepalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pessoa, Fernando

    2005-01-01

    Sisu: "Kui sa tahad ennast tappa, siis miks sa ei taha ennast tappa..." ; "Jubedas öös, kõigi ööde loomulikus substantsis..." ; Tubakapood ; Magnifikaat ; Pärispatt ; Sünnipäev ; Söögisooda ; Kalts ; Reaalsus ; Kirjutatud ühte reisil maha unustatud raamatusse ; "Tühjaks jäänud paleede varemete keskel..." ; Lisbon revisited. Kirjutatud adressil 33, rue de la Prevote 33000 Bordeaux : "Ta on noor, istub kaldal, vaatab teisele poole..." ; Elu ; "Mis siis saab, kui enam midagi ei ole..." ; 08.04.05 ; A Therese desqueyroux, fille de landes, ame sceur ; Thercse desqueyroux'le, nõmmetüdrukule, sugulashingele ; "Õhtuste küngaste vahel, teel Latresne'ist La Sauve'i..." ; "Siis kui kell saab neli, lahkun sellest majast..."

  19. Täiendame teadmisi kogu elu / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2007-01-01

    President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese kõne teadmiste päeval 1. septembril 2007 Eesti Televisioonis. Ilmunud ka: Hiiu Leht 4. sept. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Presidendi kõne teadmiste päeval (lüh.); Virumaa Teataja 4. sept. 2007, lk. 11, pealk.: Koolipinki peaksid minema ka paljud täiskasvanud; Sakala 4. sept. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Võtkem tempot maha ja mõelgem oma tegudele!; Pärnu Postimees 4. sept. 2007, lk. 19, pealk.: Vabariigi presidendi kõne 1. septembril; Põhjarannik 4. sept. 2007, lk. 4, pealk.: Keegi pole õppimiseks liiga tark; Severnoje Poberezhje 4. sept. 2007, lk. 4; Võrumaa Teataja 4. sept. 2007, lk. 2, pealk.: Teadmiste päev on meie kõigi päev; Molodjozh Estonii 3. sept. 2007, lk. 2; Meie Kodu 12. sept. 2007, lk. 1, pealk.: Presidendi pöördumine 1. septembril

  20. ANALISIS PERANAN PALANG MERAH INDONESIA (PMI KOTA MADIUN DALAM MENGIMPLEMENTASIKAN NILAI-NILAI PANCASILA SILA KEDUA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfiantika Febrian Ashari

    2016-04-01

    Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI kota Madiun berperan dalam mengimplementasikan nilai-nilai Pancasila sila kedua. Berdasarkan dengan temuan data, hal ini dapat dilihat dari berbagai kegiatan kemanusiaan yang telah dilakukan oleh PMI sebagai wujud dalam mengembangkan sikap saling mencintai sesama manusia, mengakuinya dan memperlakukan sesuai dengan harkat dan martabatnya sebagai makhluk Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, guna untuk menjunjung tinggi nilai-nilai kemanusiaan. Dari berbagai kegiatan kemanusiaan yang telah dilakukan oleh PMI tersebut tentunya sangatlah bermanfaat untuk masyarakat yang terkena dampak bencana yang memerlukan bantuan secara adil dan sukarela. Serta dapat memberikan pertolongan bagi para pasien atau penderita sakit yang sangat membutuhkan darah melalui kegiatan donor darah yang diadakan PMI.

  1. KEJAHATAN PORNOGRAFI Upaya Pencegahan dan Penanggulangannya di Kabupaten Ponorogo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irma Rumtianing Uswatul Hanifah

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Pemerintah telah mengeluarkan undang-undang No 44 Tahun 2008 tentang pornografi. Tujuan dari undang-undang tersebut salah satunya mewujudkan dan memelihara tatanan kehidupan masyarakat yang beretika, berkepribadian luhur, menjungjung tinggi nilai-nilai Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa, serta menghormati harkat dan martabat kemanusiaan. Dalam perkembangannya, materi pornografi mengalami pertumbuhan dan penyebaran yang pesat seiring dengan perkembangan dan kemajuan teknologi informasi dan komunikasi. Peredaran dan penyebaran film porno kini semakin pesat karena ditopang dengan kecanggihan sarana informasi dan komunikasi salah satunya media internet yang bisa diakses oleh masyarakat pada setiap saat. Tulisan berikut akan mengkaji bagaimana upaya dan trategi yang dilakukan oleh Pemerintah Kabupaten Ponorogo dalam mencegah dan menanggulangi kejahatan pornografi di Kabupaten Ponorogo, apa hambatan dan bagaimana solusi dalam pencegahan serta penanggulangan kejahatan pornografi di Kabupaten Ponorogo serta bagaimana formulasi kebijakan untuk pencegahan dan penanggulangan kejahatan pornografi di Kabupaten Ponorogo. Kata kunci: Pornografi, Polres, KP3A

  2. KEJAWEN SPIRITUALISM: THE ACTUALIZATION OF MORAL VALUES AT PAGUYUBAN SUCI HATI KASAMPURNAN IN CILACAP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustolehudin Mustolehudin

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In Java, the existence of penghayat—believing in the One Almighty God—has grown significantly during the early reign of President Joko Widodo. This is supported by the Regulation of Ministry of Education and Culture Number 27 in 2016 about education services related to the belief in the One Almighty God at schools. Paguyupan Hati Suci Kasampurnan is one of penghayat groups in Cilacap which implements the teaching of budi pekerti (good behaviors towards its adherents. This is a qualitative research examining the hidden meaning contained in the guidance book of Paguyupan Hati Suci Kasampurnan through semiotic analysis. This study results in two findings. First, the main source used at this paguyuban is Kitab Adam Makna. Second, the main teaching of this paguyuban is the teaching of good behaviors towards the adherents in order to reach the level of perfect life which is known as manunggaling kawula gusti. Di Jawa, keberadaan penghayat terhadap Tuhan Yang Maha Esa mengalami perkembangan yang cukup signifikan pada awal pemerintahan Presiden Joko Widodo. Hal ini dikuatkan dengan terbitnya regulasi Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 27 Tahun 2016 tentang layanan pendidikan kepercayaan terhadap Tuhan Yang Maha Esa pada satuan pendidikan. Paguyuban Suci Hati Kasampurnan merupakan salah satu kelompok penghayat di Cilacap yang ikut berperan aktif dalam mengimplementasikan ajaran budi pekerti kepada pemeluknya. Melalui pendekatan kualitatif, penelitian ini berupaya mengkaji makna yang tersirat dalam kitab ajaran Paguyupan Hati Suci Kasampurnan melalui analisis semiotika. Hasil penelitian berupa dua temuan. Pertama, sumber ajaran Paguyuban SHK adalah Kitab Adam Makna (berupa simbol-simbol yang terdapat di jagat raya. Kedua, bahwa intisari dari ajaran paguyuban ini adalah mengajarkan budi pekerti luhur sebagai dasar untuk memperoleh kesempurnaan dengan Tuhan (manunggaling kawula gusti.

  3. Psychological burden among women with polycystic ovarian syndrome in Oman: a case–control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulaiman MA

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Maha AH Sulaiman,1 Yahya M Al-Farsi,1 Maha M Al-Khaduri,2 Mostafa I Waly,3 Jumana Saleh,4 Samir Al-Adawi5 1Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, 3Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, College of Agricultural and Marine Sciences, 4Department of Biochemistry, 5Department of Behavioral Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Al-Khoudh, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman Purpose: Previous studies in Euro-American populations have shown that women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS have increased levels of “psychological burden”. While PCOS has been reported in Arab countries such as Oman, there is a dearth of studies of the occurrence of psychological burden among PCOS women in the Arab region. This study aimed to compare sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of PCOS women diagnosed with non-PCOS women and prevalence of severity of depression, anxiety and stress and to explore the association between PCOS and indices of psychological disturbances after adjusting for potential confounding factors.Patients and methods: This hospital-based case–control study was conducted among women aged 16–49 years. The study included 52 women diagnosed with PCOS (as per Rotterdam 2003 criteria and 60 control who were PCOS-free. The presence of psychological burden – depression, anxiety and stress – was quantified using Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21.Results: The crude odds ratios (ORs generated by logistic regression models indicated an increased risk of depression, anxiety and stress among women with PCOS compared to controls. The adjusted OR also indicated an increased risk of depression (OR =1.10; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.50, 2.43, anxiety (OR =1.09; 95% CI 0.47, 2.52 and stress (OR =1.45; 95% CI 0.68, 3.12, However, no statistical differences were observed along the three psychological

  4. Multi-approach model for improving agrochemical safety among rice farmers in Pathumthani, Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siriwong W

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Buppha Raksanam,1,2 Surasak Taneepanichskul,2 Wattasit Siriwong,2 Mark Robson3,41Sirindhorn College of Public Health, Trang, 2College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; 3School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Rutgers University, 4School of Public Health, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ, USAAbstract: The large-scale use of agrochemicals has raised environmental and human health concerns. A comprehensive intervention strategy for improving agrochemical safety among rice farmers in Thailand is lacking. The objective of this study is to develop a model in order to improve farmers’ health and prevent them from being exposed to agrochemical hazards, in addition to evaluating the effectiveness of the intervention in terms of agrochemical safety. This study was conducted between October 2009 and January 2011. It measures changes in the mean scores of agrochemical knowledge, health beliefs, agrochemical use behaviors, and in-home pesticide safety. Knowledge of agrochemical use constitutes a basic knowledge of agrochemicals and agrochemical safety behaviors. Health beliefs constitute perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, and barriers to using agrochemicals. Agrochemical use behaviors include self-care practices in terms of personal health at specific times including before spraying, while spraying, during storage, transportation, waste management, and health risk management. Fifty rice farmers from Khlong Seven Community (study group and 51 rice farmers from Bueng Ka Sam community (control group were randomly recruited with support from community leaders. The participants were involved in a combination of home visits (ie, pesticide safety assessments at home and community participatory activities regarding agrochemical safety. This study reveals that health risk behaviors regarding agrochemical exposure in the study area are mainly caused by lack of attention to

  5. Home Healthcare Program for Soil-Transmitted Helminthiasis in Schoolchildren along the Mekong River Basin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaewpitoon, Soraya J; Loyd, Ryan A; Kaewpitoon, Natthawut

    2015-05-01

    Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) are among the most important groups of infectious agents responsible for physical and intellectual growth retardation in children worldwide. Current status is need requiredfor the development of control programs. To determine the STH infections among the schoolchildren in the Mekong River basin near rural Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand and Champassak, Laos PDR, including their caregiver knowledge and attitude concerning prevention of STH infections. A cross sectional survey was designed as a home healthcare programfrom October 2009 to April 2012. 1,957 fecal samples were collected from children aged 5-12 years in five districts of Ubon Ratchathani province (1,012 fecal samples; Khong Chiam, Si Mueang Mai, Phibun Mangsahan, Sirindhorn, and Pho Sai), Thailand, and one district of Champassak Province (945 fecal samples; Pakse), Lao PDR. Fecal samples were prepared by the modified formalin ethylacetate concentration technique, and determined by light microscope. The knowledge and attitude of children's caregivers concerning prevention of soil-transmitted helminth infections were completed interviewed by semi-structured questionnaires. The overall intestinal helminth prevalence rate was 11.88%. Classified by species the STHs were as follows: Ascaris lumbricoides (30.9%), Trichuris trichiura (21.7%), and hookworm (20.5%). The highest prevalence was recorded in children aged 9 years and above. The highest prevalence of STH infection was found in the Pakse district of Laos PDR (16.08%). The intensities of infection with A. lumbricoides, T trichiura, and Hookworm were 1.82 ± 0.36, 1.32 ± 0.30, and 1.29 ± 0.32, respectively. 1,077 of caregivers were completed interviewed and found that the caregivers had fair levels of knowledge and attitude regarding soil-transmitted helminthiasis. These results suggest that priority should be given to STH eradication, the development of control programs in the Mekong River Basin, and the provision of

  6. Synthesis and evaluation of mutual azo prodrug of 5-aminosalicylic acid linked to 2-phenylbenzoxazole-2-yl-5-acetic acid in ulcerative colitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jilani JA

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Jamal A Jilani,1 Maha Shomaf,2 Karem H Alzoubi3 1Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 2Department of Pathology, Jordan University, Amman, Jordan; 3Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan Abstract: In this study, the syntheses of 4-aminophenylbenzoxazol-2-yl-5-acetic acid, (an analogue of a known nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug [NSAID] and 5-[4-(benzoxazol-2-yl-5-acetic acidphenylazo]-2-hydroxybenzoic acid (a novel mutual azo prodrug of 5-aminosalicylic acid [5-ASA] are reported. The structures of the synthesized compounds were confirmed using infrared (IR, hydrogen-1 nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR, and mass spectrometry (MS spectroscopy. Incubation of the azo compound with rat cecal contents demonstrated the susceptibility of the prepared azo prodrug to bacterial azoreductase enzyme. The azo compound and the 4-aminophenylbenzoxazol-2-yl-5-acetic acid were evaluated for inflammatory bowel diseases, in trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNB-induced colitis in rats. The synthesized diazo compound and the 4-aminophenylbenzoxazol-2-yl-5-acetic acid were found to be as effective as 5-aminosalicylic acid for ulcerative colitis. The results of this work suggest that the 4-aminophenylbenzoxazol-2-yl-5-acetic acid may represent a new lead for treatment of ulcerative colitis. Keywords: benzoxazole acetic acid, azo prodrug, colon drug delivery

  7. Islam Nusantara antara Ortodoksi dan Heterodoksi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhiyat Akhiyat

    2017-05-01

    Abstrak: Corak keberagamaan masyarakat Indonesia atau Islam Nusantara telah memiliki kekhasan tersendiri. Bentuk yang dapat ditemukan dari perbedaan corak Islam Nusantara dengan negara-negara lain di Timur Tengah, terutama negara asal Islam, Arab Saudi, yaitu dari segi kekhasan khasanah pengalaman dan pengamalan batin masyarakat Indonesia sebagai pemeluknya. Dapat dikatakan bahwa Islam Nusantara adalah Islam sebagai ajaran akhlak dan moral bagi pemeluknya, dan bukan Islam sebagai ideologi yang tidak menghargai pemahaman kelompok lain. Berangkat dari perbedaan corak antara Islam Nusantara dengan Islam dengan negara lain, tidak lepas dari latar belakang historis keberadaan tradisi pengalaman budaya dan kepercayaan religiusitas para pendahulunya. Islam Nusantara yang telah menjadi bagian penting pemeluknya di Indonesia, dilihat dari segi kepatutan masyarakat penganutnya, dapat dikategorikan sebagai “Islam ortodoksi humanis.” Mereka dalam menjalankan Islam senantiasa masih mempertahankan nilai-nilai normatif keberagamaannya, berpegang kepada al-Qur’an dan al-Hadis. Di samping itu, mereka juga menjalankan ajaran historis, yang mana peran nilai-nilai spiritualitas, nilai-nilai batiniah (esoteris dalam agama, terutama nilai-nilai moralitas kemanusiaan telah menjadi prinsip yang sangat urgen dalam kehidupannya. Sebagaimana ritus-ritus yang pada tataran realita kehidupan masyarakatnya, dalam setiap momen ritus kehidupannya tidak lepas dengan yang namanya mengadakan suatu sikap religiusitas (upacara ritus kehidupan, memohon pertolongan kepada sesuatu kekuatan (ghaib di luar dirinya, dalam bahasa agama memohon pertolongan kepada Sang Maha Kuasa, Tuhan pencipta alam.

  8. The biological impacts of the Fukushima nuclear accident on the pale grass blue butterfly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiyama, Atsuki; Nohara, Chiyo; Kinjo, Seira; Taira, Wataru; Gima, Shinichi; Tanahara, Akira; Otaki, Joji M.

    2012-01-01

    The collapse of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant caused a massive release of radioactive materials to the environment. A prompt and reliable system for evaluating the biological impacts of this accident on animals has not been available. Here we show that the accident caused physiological and genetic damage to the pale grass blue Zizeeria maha, a common lycaenid butterfly in Japan. We collected the first-voltine adults in the Fukushima area in May 2011, some of which showed relatively mild abnormalities. The F1 offspring from the first-voltine females showed more severe abnormalities, which were inherited by the F2 generation. Adult butterflies collected in September 2011 showed more severe abnormalities than those collected in May. Similar abnormalities were experimentally reproduced in individuals from a non-contaminated area by external and internal low-dose exposures. We conclude that artificial radionuclides from the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant caused physiological and genetic damage to this species. PMID:22880161

  9. The biological impacts of ingested radioactive materials on the pale grass blue butterfly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nohara, Chiyo; Hiyama, Atsuki; Taira, Wataru; Tanahara, Akira; Otaki, Joji M.

    2014-05-01

    A massive amount of radioactive materials has been released into the environment by the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, but its biological impacts have rarely been examined. Here, we have quantitatively evaluated the relationship between the dose of ingested radioactive cesium and mortality and abnormality rates using the pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha. When larvae from Okinawa, which is likely the least polluted locality in Japan, were fed leaves collected from polluted localities, mortality and abnormality rates increased sharply at low doses in response to the ingested cesium dose. This dose-response relationship was best fitted by power function models, which indicated that the half lethal and abnormal doses were 1.9 and 0.76 Bq per larva, corresponding to 54,000 and 22,000 Bq per kilogram body weight, respectively. Both the retention of radioactive cesium in a pupa relative to the ingested dose throughout the larval stage and the accumulation of radioactive cesium in a pupa relative to the activity concentration in a diet were highest at the lowest level of cesium ingested. We conclude that the risk of ingesting a polluted diet is realistic, at least for this butterfly, and likely for certain other organisms living in the polluted area.

  10. Development process for integrated water resources management plan under a bottom-up participation perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kittiwet Kuntiyawichai

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the development process for the integrated water resources management and development plan of Maha Sarakham Province by considering the priority and urgency of water problem issues. Gathering feedback from stakeholders and prioritizing water management and development projects are also taken into consideration. In view of integrated plans, the project is classified into short-, medium- and long-term plans with the project duration of 2 years, 3 years and 5 years, respectively. In this case, the plans can be categorized into proposed provincial and local plans. Firstly, the comprehensive provincial plans can be divided into 2 groups, i.e. district plans with the total number of 532 plans, which comprise of 505 projects for coping with drought and 27 projects for flood mitigation, and provincial plans from 13 agencies with the amount of 513 projects, which include 396 projects and 117 projects for dealing with drought and flood, respectively. Secondly, there are 4,099 of local plans to be put in place, in which 3,973 projects and 126 projects are proposed to handle drought and flood problems, respectively. From the analysis, it is found that if all planned drought relief projects are implemented, the water demand for domestic and agricultural needs could be covered by 96% and 51%, respectively. In case of the entire proposed flood alleviation projects are executed, 29% of the total flood prone areas can be effectively protected.

  11. MEMBANGUN EPISTEMOLOGI TAFSIR SUFI; (Intervensi Psikologi Mufassir

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    habibi al amin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Jika kita telusuri literature – literature ‘ulu>m al-Qur’a>n maka kita sering mendapati bahwa epistemologi tafsir sufi lahir dari nafas sufisme. Namun demikian epistemologi sufi yang digunakan dalam penafsiran al-Qur’an tidak dapat lepas dari faktor kejiwaan. Hal Ini ditunjukkan dengan produk penafsiran yang berupa identitas perlambangan (alegorasi ayat-ayat Al-Qur’an dalam bentuk metafora jiwa suci yang diorientasikan menuju eksistensi Yang Maha Suci. Pengembangan struktur jiwa dalam sufi terbentuk melalui pengalaman-pengalaman yang kemudian digunakan untuk mengelaborasi makna di balik teks. Menariknya, kejiwaan para sufi yang dikelola melalui latihan-latihan olah jiwa (riya>d}ah kurang disentuh dan dikritisi sebagai sebuah bentuk epistemologi. Selain proses pengalaman kejiwaan, dalam memahami kalam ilahi para sufi tidak terlepas dari kaidah linguistik serta makna lahiriah dari ayat-ayat dan susunan gramatika. Mereka menjelaskan ayat dengan menembus batas-batas makna teks dan menyelami makna ayat dengan pengalaman dan doktrin mereka. Proses jelajah dan eksplorasi yang tertimbun dari makna lahir dalam studi ilmu tafsir masuk pada kajian takwil. Konsep umum tentang takwil dalam perspektif sufi merupakan pendekatan yang menanjak/transendensi/ s}u’u>di>, mengambil emanasi dari tanzi>l (ayat-ayat ilahiah yang bercorak menukik (imanensi/nuzuli.

  12. Lifelong Learning Application: Mobile Application to Promote Lifelong Learning and Introduce Educational Institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wongpanya Nuankaew

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Education is the raising of the thinking process and developing the mind in a broader perspective. However, education that is comprehensive and appropriate to the individual according to its potential, ability and skill is too hardest to describe. Thus, matching and referral institutions, including education model that suits the person’s behavior has been receiving attention. The purpose of this research is to study and develop the applications that support the development of the learner’s education process with the highest degree of achievement. The material and method are consisting of five main processes, including 1 requirement definition, 2 system and software design, 3 implementation and unit testing, 4 integration and system testing, and 5 operation and maintenance. The data collection were collected from 431 samples, which divided into 4 targets; 186 high school students at Phadungnaree School, Maha Sarakham province, 191 university students at Rajabhat Mahasarakham University, 12 head of institutions at Phadungnaree School and Rajabhat Mahasarakham University, and 42 secondary teachers and university lecturers at Phadungnaree School and Rajabhat Mahasarakham University. According to the results of research, it is indicated that the total satisfaction toward the application are highest, which is equal to 4.32, and the groups with the highest levels of satisfaction are university students, which is equal to 4.43. It can be concluded that the application is appropriate and it is advisable for students who wish to study at university.

  13. Epidemiological and clinical observations on breast carcinoma in Khartoum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dimitri, Amira Zino

    1998-11-01

    The prospective study was carried out on 183 patients with histologically proven breast cancer received at Khartoum Teaching Hospital and Soba Hospital between January 1996 to May 1998. Most of the patients were from Khartoum State followed by patients coming from Western, Central and Northern states with incidence of 17%, 16% and 15% respectively. Gaalein, shaigia, mahas and rizigat were the commonest affected tribes in western Sudan. Few patients were from southern and northern Sudan. Genetic and environmental factors may be contributory factors. The incidence of male breast cancer was 3%, which is higher than that reported in the western world. In this study young age group, early menarche, late first pregnancy and nulliparity were the main risk factors. The multiparity, lactation and lack of positive family history did not protect our patients from developing breast cancer. Most of the patients presented with locally advanced for the disease. This is due to the aggressive nature of breast cancer among black population. Lung, bone and liver were the most frequent sites for metastases. Chest x-ray and skeletal survey were diagnostic of metastases. Ductal carcinoma was the commonest type of breast cancer in this study. Laboratory investigations in the form of full blood count, liver function test , blood urea and serum electrolytes have no prognostic value in our patients.(Author)

  14. Has irrigated water from Mahaweli River contributed to the kidney disease of uncertain etiology in the dry zone of Sri Lanka?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diyabalanage, Saranga; Abekoon, Sumith; Watanabe, Izumi; Watai, Chie; Ono, Yuko; Wijesekara, Saman; Guruge, Keerthi S; Chandrajith, Rohana

    2016-06-01

    The Mahaweli is the largest river basin in Sri Lanka that provides water to the dry zone region through multipurpose irrigation schemes . Selenium, arsenic, cadmium, and other bioimportant trace elements in surface waters of the upper Mahaweli River were measured using ICP-MS. Trace element levels were then compared with water from two other rivers (Maha Oya, Kalu Ganga) and from six dry zone irrigation reservoirs. Results showed that the trace metal concentrations in the Mahaweli upper catchment were detected in the order of Fe > Cu > Zn > Se > Cr > Mn > As > Ni > Co > Mo. Remarkably high levels of Ca, Cr, Co, Ni, Cu, As, and Se were observed in the Mahaweli Basin compared to other study rivers. Considerably high levels of Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, and Se were found in upstream tributaries of the Mahaweli River. Such metals possibly originated from phosphate and organic fertilizers that are heavily applied for tea and vegetable cultivations within the drainage basin. Cadmium that is often attributed to the etiology of unknown chronic kidney diseases in certain parts of the dry zone is much lower than previously reported levels. Decrease in these metals in the lower part of the Mahaweli River could be due to adsorption of trace metals onto sediment and consequent deposition in reservoirs.

  15. The outcome of assisted hatching and defragmentation in patients with poor quality embryos on IVF outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Zeki Işık

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the effects of assisted hatching in combination with defragmentation applied to day 3 poor quality human embryos, on implantation and pregnancy rates. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed in patients (n=168 of all ages with no good quality transferable embryos (Veeck classification embryos >grade 1 and/or >10% fragmentation. The first group was consisted of cycles in which mAHA was performed to all transferred grade 2 embryos. The second group included transfer cycles where all the embryos were highly fragmented (between 10-50% fragmentations, grade 3 and aAHA and microsurgical fragment removal were applied to all of them. Results: In first group positive βhCG was 33%, clinical pregnancy (fetal heart beat rate was 27% and implantation rate was 11,28%. These rates were 37, 1%; 28, 8% and %16,19 respectively in the aAHA plus defragmentation group. In cases over 35 years of age in aAHA plus defragmentation group acceptable implantation (14,46% and clinical pregnancy (31,58% rates were achieved. Conclusion: In patients with no good quality transferable embryos AHA combined with defragmentation can be utilised with acceptable success rates in laboratories where there are experienced personnel available for this procedure otherwise only AHA can be the best option.

  16. Development and release of gamma ray induced sesame mutant ANK-S2 in Sri Lanka

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weerasena, L.A.; Bandara, Priyanthi; Pathirana, R.

    2001-01-01

    Epiphytotic conditions and lack of resistant germplasm in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) prompted the use of mutation induction techniques to develop a variety resistant to Phytophthora blight caused by Phytophthora nicotianae var. parasitica. Dry seeds of three varieties were irradiated with six doses of 60 Co gamma rays in the range 100-700 Gy. The mutant line 182/3 of variety MI-3 selected from 200 Gy dose treatment in M 2 showed tolerance to the disease in subsequent testing at Angunakolapelessa in the disease nursery. The mutant line was tested in the major yield trial, National Co-ordinated Variety Trials and in the National Co-ordinated Variety Adaptability Trials. It was superior to MI-3 in yield and plant survival during the seasons favouring development of the disease and was similar to MI-3 and other recommended varieties in other seasons. The mutant has cream colour seeds, branched stem, and recorded 1890 kg/ha at Girandurukotte, 1593 kg ha -1 at Maha Illuppallama and 1151 kg/ha at Angunakolapelessa under rainfed conditions. The mutant was released as ANK-S2 in 1993 and may be used to increase the declining sesame area due to low yield of existing varieties and their susceptibility to disease. It should serve as a valuable parent material in cross-breeding programmes too. (author)

  17. Vikergallup : Eesti kirjandus 2006

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    19 arvustaja vastus küsimusele, milline oli 2006. aasta parim uudisraamat ja debüütteos. Ära nimetati Hasso Krulli luulekogu "Talv", Jan Kausi romaan "Tema", Madis Kõivu "Näidendid I", Jaan Pehki luulekogu "Tuigu kui tuled", Tarmo Tedre romaan "Onanistid", Kristiina Ehini romaan "Pillipuhujanaine ja pommipanijanaine", Marko Kompuse luulekogu "Vallaliste jõgede tõkkejooksja", Mathura luulekogu "Kohalolu", Rein Põdra romaan "Eike", Indrek Ryytle luulekogu "Inglid rokijaamas", Triin Soometsa "Väljas" ja Ervin Õunapuu romaan "Meie igapäevane jää". Debüütteostest mainiti Kaupo Meieli luulekogu "Polügrafisti käsiraamat", Anti Saare romaani "Kuidas sa ära läksid ja mina maha jäin", Andra Teede luulekogu "Takso Tallinna taevas", Maarja Kangro luulekogu "Kurat õrnal lumel", Andrus Elbingu luulekogu "Siin Beebilõust, tere!", Tiina Ilvese juturaamat "Augustihambad", Indrek Koffi luulekogu "Vana laul", Eliina Kortsu luulekogu "Lööklaused murravad metsi", Carolina Pihelga luulekogu "Sõrmemuster" ja Paavo Piigi luulekogu "Kummuli linnad"

  18. Vegetative and reproductive evaluation of hot peppers under different plastic mulches in poly/plastic tunnel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iqbal, Q.; Amjad, M.; Ahmad, R.

    2009-01-01

    Since the beginning of civilization, the man has developed technologies to increase the efficiency of food production. The use of plastic mulch in commercial vegetable production is one of these traditional techniques that have been used for centuries. Studies were conducted to assess the efficacy of plastic mulch on growth and yield of two hot pepper hybrids, viz. Sky Red and Maha in poly/plastic tunnel. The treatments were black plastic mulch, clear plastic mulch and bare soil as control. Both hot pepper hybrids mulched with black plastic showed significantly better vegetative growth (plant height, leaf area etc) and fruit yield. Clear plastic mulch significantly increased soil temperature and reduced the number of days to first flower than black plastic mulch and bare soil. However, fruit yield was higher by 39.56 and 36.49% respectively in both hybrids when they were grown on black and clear plastic mulch as compared to bare soil. Overall results indicated that the use of plastic mulch is an ideal option to maximize hot pepper productivity as well as to extend their production season in poly/plastic tunnels. (author)

  19. The biological impacts of ingested radioactive materials on the pale grass blue butterfly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nohara, Chiyo; Hiyama, Atsuki; Taira, Wataru; Tanahara, Akira; Otaki, Joji M

    2014-05-15

    A massive amount of radioactive materials has been released into the environment by the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, but its biological impacts have rarely been examined. Here, we have quantitatively evaluated the relationship between the dose of ingested radioactive cesium and mortality and abnormality rates using the pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha. When larvae from Okinawa, which is likely the least polluted locality in Japan, were fed leaves collected from polluted localities, mortality and abnormality rates increased sharply at low doses in response to the ingested cesium dose. This dose-response relationship was best fitted by power function models, which indicated that the half lethal and abnormal doses were 1.9 and 0.76 Bq per larva, corresponding to 54,000 and 22,000 Bq per kilogram body weight, respectively. Both the retention of radioactive cesium in a pupa relative to the ingested dose throughout the larval stage and the accumulation of radioactive cesium in a pupa relative to the activity concentration in a diet were highest at the lowest level of cesium ingested. We conclude that the risk of ingesting a polluted diet is realistic, at least for this butterfly, and likely for certain other organisms living in the polluted area.

  20. System-dependent regulations of colour-pattern development: a mutagenesis study of the pale grass blue butterfly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwata, Masaki; Hiyama, Atsuki; Otaki, Joji M.

    2013-01-01

    Developmental studies on wing colour patterns have been performed in nymphalid butterflies, but efficient genetic manipulations, including mutagenesis, have not been well established. Here, we have performed mutagenesis experiments in a lycaenid butterfly, the pale grass blue Zizeeria maha, to produce colour-pattern mutants. We fed the P-generation larvae an artificial diet containing the mutagen ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS), and the F1- and F2-generation adults showed various aberrant colour patterns: dorsoventral transformation, anterioposterior background colouration gap, weak contrast, disarrangement of spots, reduction of the size of spots, loss of spots, fusion of spots, and ectopic spots. Among them, the disarrangement, reduction, and loss of spots were likely produced by the coordinated changes of many spots of a single wing around the discal spot in a system-dependent manner, demonstrating the existence of the central symmetry system. The present study revealed multiple genetic regulations for system-dependent and wing-wide colour-pattern determination in lycaenid butterflies. PMID:23917124

  1. PELATIHAN KREATIFITAS CAT SEMPROT SEBAGAI MEDIA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PEMAHAMAN KESENIRUPAAN SISWA SMUN 96 JAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heru Budi Kusuma

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 17 Tahun 2010 tentang Pengelolaan dan Penyelenggaraan Pendidikan, menyatakan bahwa Penyelenggaraan Pendidikan bertujuan membangun landasan bagi berkembangnya potensi peserta didik agar menjadi manusia yang: beriman dan bertakwa kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, berakhlak mulia, dan berkepribadian luhur; berilmu, cakap, kritis, kreatif, dan inovatif; sehat, mandiri, dan percaya diri; dan toleran, peka sosial, demokratis, dan bertanggung jawab. Pengembangan potensi peserta didik sebagaimana yang dimaksud PP diatas, dapat diwujudkan melalui kegiatan ekstrakurikuler. Pengertian Ekstrakurikuler adalah merupakan kegiatan diluar jam pelajaran terjadwal yang bertujuan untuk memperluas pengetahuan, menyalurkan bakat dan minat siswa. Kegiatan ekstrakurikuler menjembatani kebutuhan perkembangan peserta didik yang berbeda, seperti perbedaan sense, sikap, kemampuan, daya inovasi, dan tingkat kreativitas. Pengelolaan pengabdian masyarakat difasilitasi oleh Lembaga Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat dan Ventura (LPKMV Universitas Tarumanagara. Melalui lembaga ini, dosen, dan mahasiswa berkewajiban untuk membantu dan mendukung kegiatan pembangunan, pemberdayaan, serta pengembangan potensi yang diprogramkan oleh masyarakat. Masyarakat sasaran dalam kegiatan ini adalah murid SMUN 96 Jakarta. Materi yang diberikan adalah kegiatan menggambar dengan menggunakan media cat semprot. Metode pelaksanannya diawali dengan penelusuran minat siswa melalui Wakil Kepala Sekolah Bidang Ekstrakurikuler untuk menawarkan program kegiatan ini dan mendata siswa yang berminat untuk mengikuti kegiatan. Selanjutnya, siswa dan guru kami undang ke Kampus dan melaksanakan seluruh rangkaian di Kampus, mulai dari pengenalan material dan peralatan, metode membuat karya dan praktek membuat karya. Kegiatan diakhiri dengan presentasi hasil karya siswa dengan membuat gambar dengan media cat semprot.

  2. Risk assessments for energy systems and role of preliminary degree-of-hazard evaluations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Habegger, L.J.; Fingleton, D.J.

    1985-11-01

    The appropriate approach to risk or hazard assessment can vary considerably, depending on various factors, including the intended application of the results and the time other resources available to conduct the assessment. This paper illustrates three types of interrelated assessments. Although they can be mutually supportive, they have fundamentally different objectives, which require major differences in approach. The example of the overall risk assessment of alternative major energy technologies illustrates the compilation of a wide range of available risk data applicable to these systems. However, major uncertainties exist in the assessments, and public perception of their importance could play an important role in final system evaluations. A more narrowly defined risk assessment, often focusing on an individual component of a larger system, is the most commonly used approach in regulatory applications. The narrow scope allows in-depth analysis of risks and associated uncertainties, but it may also contribute to a loss of perspective on the magnitude of the assessed risk relative to that of the unassessed risks. In some applications, it is useful to conduct semiquantitative degree-of-hazard evaluations as a means of setting priorities for detailed risk assessment. The MAHAS procedure described in this paper provides a means of rapidly ranking relative hazards from various sources using easily accessible data. However, these rankings should not be used as definitive input for selecting technology alternatives or developing regulations. 25 refs., 6 tabs

  3. Mutant butterflies discovered at Fukushima

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chauveau, L.

    2012-01-01

    A Japanese study has shown that malformations are more and more common in butterflies (Zizeeria maha specie) leaving near the damaged nuclear plant of Fukushima Daiichi. A population of 144 butterflies were caught in 10 villages in a radius of 200 km around Fukushima in may 2011, the ratio of malformations was 12.4%. Obvious malformations were withered antennas and wings. In september 2011 a population of 238 butterflies were caught in the same places and the ratio of malformations was then 28.1%. The increase of the malformation ratio could be explained by a cumulative effect of the radiation exposition. In a second experiment, a population of butterflies was caught in a region non-affected by the radioactive contamination and was submitted in laboratory to radiations similar to that of the contamination around Fukushima and similar malformations appeared. The conclusion of the study is that radionuclides released during the Fukushima accident have caused genetic and physiological damages to this butterfly specie. (A.C.)

  4. Kevadelaul : [luuletused] / Federico Garcia Lorca ; tlk. Ain Kaalep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    García Lorca, Federico, 1898-1936

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Kevadelaul ; Uued laulud ; Unenägu ; Uus süda ; Rõske siseõu ; Risttee : "Oh valu: mu värsid võtnud..." ; Ballaad mereveest ; Huile ; Vaikus ; Risttee : "Tuul puhub läänest..." ; Sevilla ; Kuus keelt ; Memento ; Kolm linna : Malaguena ; Cordoba agul ; Tants ; Kitarrimõistatus ; Poolkuu ; Neli kollast ballaadi ; Aadam ; Tasakaal ; Friis ; Maha raiuti kolm puud ; Teokarp ; Rumal laul ; Õhtu ; Ratsaniku laul ; Debussy ; Kuu tõuseb ; Kaks õhtust kuud ; Serenaad ; Laul lahkuvast päevast ; Kuuba neegrilaul ; Itk Ignacio Sanchez Mejiase surma puhul ; Madrigal Santiago linnale ; Hällilaul surnud Rosalia Castrole ; Kuu tants Santiagos ; Gaseel kohutavast lähedusest ; Gaseel tumedast surmast ; Gaseel põgenemisest ; Gaseel saja-aastasest armastusest ; Kassiida okstest ; Kassiida selili lebavast naisest ; Kassiida unenäost vabas õhus ; Kassiida tumedaist tuvidest ; Vee süit ; Herbaariumid ; Omega ; Ood Salvador Dalile ; "Ma kardan, kas su imet ma ei kaota..." . Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 879

  5. Fukushima's biological impacts: the case of the pale grass blue butterfly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taira, Wataru; Nohara, Chiyo; Hiyama, Atsuki; Otaki, Joji M

    2014-01-01

    To evaluate the effects of the Fukushima nuclear accident on the surrounding area, we studied the pale grass blue butterfly Zizeeria maha, the most common butterfly in Japan. We here review our important findings and their implications. We found forewing size reduction, growth retardation, high mortality rates, and high abnormality rates in the field and reared samples. The abnormality rates observed in September 2011 were higher than those observed in May 2011 in almost all localities, implying transgenerational accumulation of genetic damage. Some of the abnormal traits in the F1 generation were inherited by the F2 generation. In a particular cross, the F2 abnormality rate scored 57%. The forewing size reduction and high mortality and abnormality rates were reproduced in external and internal exposure experiments conducted in our laboratory using Okinawa larvae. We observed the possible real-time evolution of radiation resistance in the Fukushima butterflies, which, in retrospect, indicates that field sampling attempts at the very early stages of such accidents are required to understand the ecodynamics of polluted regions. We propose, as the postulates of pollutant-induced biological impacts, that the collection of phenotypic data from the field and their relevant reproduction in the laboratory should be the basis of experimental design to demonstrate the biological effects of environmental pollutants and to investigate the molecular mechanisms responsible for these effects. © The American Genetic Association 2014. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  6. Assesment, treatment and prevention of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azar Nickavar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS is a heterogeneous group of hemolytic disorders. Different terminologies have been described in HUS, which are as follows: (1 D+ HUS: Presentation with a preceding diarrhea; (2 typical HUS: D+ HUS with a single and self-limited episode; (3 atypical HUS (aHUS: Indicated those with complement dysregulation; (4 recurrent HUS: Recurrent episodes of thrombocytopenia and/or microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA after improvement of hematologic abnormalities; and (5 familial HUS: Necessary to distinct synchronous outbreaks of D+ HUS in family members and asynchronous disease with an inherited risk factor. aHUS is one of the potential causes of end-stage renal disease (ESRD in children. It has a high recurrence after renal transplantation in some genetic forms. Therefore, recognition of the responsible mechanism and proper prophylactic treatment are recommended to prevent or delay the occurrence of ESRD and prolong the length of survival of the transplanted kidney. A computerized search of MEDLINE and other databases was carried out to find the latest results in pathogenesis, treatment, and prevention of aHUS.

  7. Loomingu Raamatukogu aasta 1995 / Holger Kaints

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaints, Holger, 1957-

    1996-01-01

    Järg: 29. märts 1996, lk. 15. Rets. rmt.: Jerzy Kosinski 'Kirgas lind' (nr.18-20); Yasar Kemali 'Madu maha tappa!' (nr.24); Lisa St. Aubin de Terani 'Koja valvurid' (nr.15-17); Gabriel Garcia Marquezi 'Väljakuulutatud mõrva kroonika' (nr.11/12); Arthur Koestleri 'Keskpäevapimedus' (nr.31-34) ja 'Pühendatud' (nr.5); Heinrich Bölli 'Katharina Blumi kaotatud au' (nr.22/23); Marina Palei 'Ringkanali Cabiria' (nr.14); Graham Greene'i 'Armastusloo lõpp' (nr.25-27); Henry Jamesi 'Asperni kirjad' (nr.37/38); Truman Capote'i 'Sünnipäevalapsed' (nr.8/9); Antonio Tabucchi 'Taevarand' (nr.21); Michael Bullocki 'Kaev ja teisi jutte' (nr.3); Henry Milleri 'Naeratus redeli jalamil' (nr.10); Arto Paasilinna 'Jänese aasta' (nr.28-30); Kahlil Gibrani 'Prohvet' (nr.4); Rainer Maria Rilke 'Kirjad noorele luuletajale (nr.13); Jaan Kaplinski 'Jää ja Titanic' (nr.6/7); Rein Saluri 'Tobukesed' (nr.36); Kaksteist Eesti kirja (nr.1/2); Hermann Hesse 'Fantaasiad' (nr.35); Herman Lindqvisti 'Üks Euroopa puha' (nr.39/40)

  8. Multi-Objective Fuzzy Linear Programming In Agricultural Production Planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.M.I.U. Herath

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Modern agriculture is characterized by a series of conflicting optimization criteria that obstruct the decision-making process in the planning of agricultural production. Such criteria are usually net profit total cost total production etc. At the same time the decision making process in the agricultural production planning is often conducted with data that accidentally occur in nature or that are fuzzy not deterministic. Such data are the yields of various crops the prices of products and raw materials demand for the product the available quantities of production factors such as water labor etc. In this paper a fuzzy multi-criteria mathematical programming model is presented. This model is applied in a region of 10 districts in Sri Lanka where paddy is cultivated under irrigated and rain fed water in the two main seasons called Yala and Maha and the optimal production plan is achieved. This study was undertaken to find out the optimal allocation of land for paddy to get a better yield while satisfying the two conflicting objectives profit maximizing and cost minimizing subjected to the utilizing of water constraint and the demand constraint. Only the availability of land constraint is considered as a crisp in nature while objectives and other constraints are treated as fuzzy. It is observed that the MOFLP is an effective method to handle more than a single objective occurs in an uncertain vague environment.

  9. Pancasila Paradigm: Methodology of Wawasan Nusantara for Accounting of Pancasila

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwan Triyuwono

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to present the research methodology of the accounting paradigm “Pancasila”. Pancasila is the basic view of life appropriate to the citizens of Indonesia's independence. In the paradigm of Pancasila, there are contained elements of philosophical research or basic beliefs that underlie accounting thought and research. These elements are based on the nature of Pancasila human beings, i.e. the first point of Pancasila, Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa (The Almighty God contains elements of life, as a study of ontology; the second point, Kemanusiaan yang Adil dan Beradab ( Just and Civilized Humanity, contains elements of the senses, the mind, and rasa as the study of epistemology; the third point, Persatuan Indonesia (the Unity of Indonesia, contains elements of Karsa (will in concepts ofWawasan Nusantara as the study methodology, i.e. the Methodology ofWawasan Nusantara (MWN; the fourth point, Kerakyatan yang dipimpin oleh Hikmah Kebijaksanaan dalam Permusyawaratan / Perwakilan (Democracy Guided by the Inner Wisdom in Deliberations and Representations, contains elements of deeds and inner wisdom as a method of research; and fifth points, Keadilan Sosial bagi Seluruh Rakyat Indonesia (Social Justice for all the People of Indonesia, contains elements of purpose as the study of axiology, namely the research results in the form of the concept and practice of accounting based on Pancasila.

  10. A comparative study on the efficacy of four anthelmintics on some important reindeer parasites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magnus Nordkvist

    1983-05-01

    signifikant. Mot hjårnmask noterades mycket hôg effekt av Mebendazole och aven Fenbendazole medan Ivermectin hade något såmre effekt med den valda doseringen. Fenthion hade ingen effekt på denna parasit. Mot lungmask visade Fenbendazole och Ivermectin god effekt medan Mebendazole visade något lagre effekt. Inget av preparaten hade dock fullgod verkan på de vilande inaktiva 5:te stadiets larverna av denna parasit. Fenthion hade ingen effekt. Mot mag-tarmnematoder var Fenbendazole och Ivermectin 100% effektiva medan Mebendazole hade en något làgre, delvis undertryckande effekt. Fenthion hade ingen effekt. Ivermectin får anses vara det allmånt sett effektivaste maskmedlet i denna undersokning.Vertailevatutkielma neljan loislaakeaineen vaikutuksesta muutamia tarkeita porojen loisia vastaan.Abstract in Finnish / Yhteenveto: On kokeiltu neljaa loislaakeainetta muutamia porojen tarkeinpia loisia vastaan, nimittain kurmua (Oedemagena tarandi, saulakkaa (Cephenemyia trompe, aivomatoa (Elaphostrongylus rangiferi ja keuhkomatoa (Dictyocaulus viviparus. Edelleen on laakeaineiden vaikutus maha- ja suolistomatoihin (Trichostrongyliidit myoskin pantu merkille. Kokeillut laakeaineet olivat Fenthion (Bayer, Mebendazole (Leo/Janssen, Fenbendazole (Hoechst ja Ivermectin (Merck - Sharp and Dohme. Kurmua ja saulakkaa vastaan oli Ivermectin 100% tehokas, kun taas Fenthionin vaikutus oli toisessa 86 ja toisessa 100%. Fen- ja Mebendazolen vaikutus molempia loisia vastaan ei ollut merkittava. Mebendazolen ja myos Fenbendazolen vaikutus aivomatoa vastaan havaittiin hyvin korkeaksi, kun taas Ivermectinilla oli jonkin verran huonompi vaikutus valitulla annostuksella. Fenthionilla ei ollut mitaan vaikutusta tata loista vastaan. Keuhkomatoa vastaan osoitti Fenbendazole ja Ivermectin hyvan vaikutuksen, kun taas Mebendazolella oli jonkin verran heikompi vaikutus. Kuitenkaan ei millaan laakevalmisteista ollut taystehokasta vaikutusta taman loisen lepaaviin tehottomiin 5:asteen toukkiin

  11. Conceptual and applied study of Snigdha and Ruksa Guna with special reference to Rasa-raktagata Sneha (hyperlipidemia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Sangram; Dwivedi, R R; Ravishankar, B

    2011-04-01

    Ayurveda as well as Philosophy accepted the Guna as the basic entity of the Sristi. The Maha Gunas, i.e., Sattva, Raja, and Tama are the prime energy, from where the universe evolves, along with human beings. Dravya and Guna both have a Samavayi relationship in which Gunas reside in Dravya and have a secondary place to it. Guna has multifold meanings according to its use, in social, cultural, philosophical, and literary fields. The concepts of Ayurveda are expressed with Gunas. Samanya and Visesa are usually expressed in terms of Gunas; the classification, description, and function of Dravyas depends upon Guna; Karmas are manifested forms of Guna and Samavaya is the eternal, intimate relation of Dravya and Guna. The principles like Triskandha (Hetu, linga, ousadhi) of Ayurveda also narrated by Gunas, Hetus are narrated in the terms of Guna; the Laksanas are the reflections in the status of Gunas of bodily elements, and Cikitsa is in the form of administration of Viparita Gunas. The increased elements are treated by opposite Guna. So if Ruksa Guna is increased then it is to be managed by Snigdha Guna and vice-versa. So diseases can be treated by applying the Gunas, and drugs for the required patient can be selected by applying these Gunas. In support of the above concept, a study on the persons of Rasa-raktagata Sneha (hyperlipidemia) has been carried out assuming that the condition is an increased state of Snigdha Guna and treatment is done using Ruksa property drugs. Patients were divided into two groups, i.e., treatment group (Ruksa Guna drugs) and control group (placebo). The results were assessed after 45 days with the help of a specially prepared pro forma. All the important hematological, biochemical, and urine investigations were done. According to subjective and objective criteria, significant results were found for Group A as compared to Group B.

  12. Ingestional and transgenerational effects of the Fukushima nuclear accident on the pale grass blue butterfly

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taira, Wataru; Hiyama, Atsuki; Nohara, Chiyo; Sakauchi, Ko; Otaki, Joji M.

    2015-01-01

    One important public concern in Japan is the potential health effects on animals and humans that live in the Tohoku-Kanto districts associated with the ingestion of foods contaminated with artificial radionuclides from the collapsed Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. Additionally, transgenerational or heritable effects of radiation exposure are also important public concerns because these effects could cause long-term changes in animal and human populations. Here, we concisely review our findings and implications related to the ingestional and transgenerational effects of radiation exposure on the pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha, which coexists with humans. The butterfly larval ingestion of contaminated leaves found in areas of human habitation, even at low doses, resulted in morphological abnormalities and death for some individuals, whereas other individuals were not affected, at least morphologically. This variable sensitivity serves as a basis for the adaptive evolution of radiation resistance. The distribution of abnormality and mortality rates from low to high doses fits well with a Weibull function model or a power function model. The offspring generated by morphologically normal individuals that consumed contaminated leaves exhibited high mortality rates when fed contaminated leaves; importantly, low mortality rates were restored when they were fed non-contaminated leaves. Our field monitoring over 3 years (2011–2013) indicated that abnormality and mortality rates peaked primarily in the fall of 2011 and decreased afterwards to normal levels. These findings indicate high impacts of early exposure and transgenerationally accumulated radiation effects over a specific period; however, the population regained normality relatively quickly after ∼15 generations within 3 years

  13.   Students Brand Preferences Between Apple and Samsung  Smartphone

    OpenAIRE

    Ezeh, Mac Anthony Nzube; Al-Azzawi, Maha

    2012-01-01

    Date                                    May 2012 University                          Mälardalen University                                             School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology Course                               Master Thesis, EFO 705 Authors                              Maha Al-azzawi & Mac Anthony Tutor                                  Carl G Thunman Examiner                           Ole Liljefors Title                                    Students Bra...

  14. BioVLAB-MMIA-NGS: microRNA-mRNA integrated analysis using high-throughput sequencing data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chae, Heejoon; Rhee, Sungmin; Nephew, Kenneth P; Kim, Sun

    2015-01-15

    It is now well established that microRNAs (miRNAs) play a critical role in regulating gene expression in a sequence-specific manner, and genome-wide efforts are underway to predict known and novel miRNA targets. However, the integrated miRNA-mRNA analysis remains a major computational challenge, requiring powerful informatics systems and bioinformatics expertise. The objective of this study was to modify our widely recognized Web server for the integrated mRNA-miRNA analysis (MMIA) and its subsequent deployment on the Amazon cloud (BioVLAB-MMIA) to be compatible with high-throughput platforms, including next-generation sequencing (NGS) data (e.g. RNA-seq). We developed a new version called the BioVLAB-MMIA-NGS, deployed on both Amazon cloud and on a high-performance publicly available server called MAHA. By using NGS data and integrating various bioinformatics tools and databases, BioVLAB-MMIA-NGS offers several advantages. First, sequencing data is more accurate than array-based methods for determining miRNA expression levels. Second, potential novel miRNAs can be detected by using various computational methods for characterizing miRNAs. Third, because miRNA-mediated gene regulation is due to hybridization of an miRNA to its target mRNA, sequencing data can be used to identify many-to-many relationship between miRNAs and target genes with high accuracy. http://epigenomics.snu.ac.kr/biovlab_mmia_ngs/. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  15. Early detection of lung cancer recurrence after stereotactic ablative radiation therapy: radiomics system design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dammak, Salma; Palma, David; Mattonen, Sarah; Senan, Suresh; Ward, Aaron D.

    2018-02-01

    Stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) is the standard treatment recommendation for Stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who are inoperable or who refuse surgery. This option is well tolerated by even unfit patients and has a low recurrence risk post-treatment. However, SABR induces changes in the lung parenchyma that can appear similar to those of recurrence, and the difference between the two at an early follow-up time point is not easily distinguishable for an expert physician. We hypothesized that a radiomics signature derived from standard-of-care computed tomography (CT) imaging can detect cancer recurrence within six months of SABR treatment. This study reports on the design phase of our work, with external validation planned in future work. In this study, we performed cross-validation experiments with four feature selection approaches and seven classifiers on an 81-patient data set. We extracted 104 radiomics features from the consolidative and the peri-consolidative regions on the follow-up CT scans. The best results were achieved using the sum of estimated Mahalanobis distances (Maha) for supervised forward feature selection and a trainable automatic radial basis support vector classifier (RBSVC). This system produced an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.84, an error rate of 16.4%, a false negative rate of 12.7%, and a false positive rate of 20.0% for leaveone patient out cross-validation. This suggests that once validated on an external data set, radiomics could reliably detect post-SABR recurrence and form the basis of a tool assisting physicians in making salvage treatment decisions.

  16. STUDI KOMPARATIF KONSEP KETUHANAN ISLAM DAN AGAMA ADAM PADA KOMUNITAS SAMIN

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    Mohammad Rosyid

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: One of the problems that disturb the harmony between religious communities is a lack of understanding of the majority (mainstream religion about the local religion, and vice versa. This article aims to develop such inter-religious understanding by comparing between Islam and the religion of Adam, a local religion of Samin community. The comparative study was made within the scope of the concept of God in both religions. This study found that the understanding between Islam the religion of Adam about the concept of God is essential in common. God called Allah (in Islam and Yai (in the religion of Adam are equally perceived as condescendent, an only single power, and the Almighty. Both communities also share Adam as the first man in the world. So, it is not proportional if the public ridicule Samin community with atheist stigma.Abstrak: Salah satu problem yang mengganggu keharmonisan antar komunitas beragama adalah kurangnya pemahaman pemeluk agama mayoritas (mainstream di suatu negara tentang agama lokal, dan demikian pula sebaliknya. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk membangun kesalingpahaman antar pemeluk agama itu dengan melakukan kaji banding antara agama Islam dengan agama Adam, sebuah agama lokal komunitas Samin. Kaji banding itu dilakukan dalam lingkup konsep ketuhanan dalam dua agama itu. Kajian ini menemukan bahwa pemahaman antara Islam dengan agama Adam tentang konsep Tuhan memiliki kesamaan secara esensial. Tuhan yang disebut dengan Allah (dalam Islam dan Yai (dalam agama Adam sama-sama dipersepsikan sebagai tempat berlindung, kekuatan tunggal, dan Zat Yang Maha segala-galanya. Kedua komunitas juga sama dalam memandang Adam sebagai manusia yang pertama di dunia. Dengan adanya pemahaman itu maka tidak proporsional lagi jika publik mengolok-olok komunitas Samin dengan stigma ateis.

  17. Cigarette smoking among Thai Buddhist monks, central and eastern Thailand.

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    Chaveepojnkamjorn, Wisit; Pichainarong, Natchaporn

    2005-03-01

    A cross-sectional study was conducted from June to December, 2003 among Thai Buddhist monks in 4 provinces of the central region (Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani, Saraburi and Chai Nat) and in 4 provinces of the eastern region (Chachoengsao, Rayong, Trat, and Sa Kaeo) of Thailand. Data were collected using face to face interviews, questionnaires, and physical examination reports (weight, height, heart rate, blood pressure, etc) as the research tools. This study focused on sociodemographics, history of illness, and smoking behavior. The proportion of the cigarette smoking was 47.6% of the total of 920 Buddhist monks. The age group 20-34 years, Maha Nikaya section and Public temple were the majority of the study subjects. Multivariate analysis revealed that only four factors were related to smoking consumption: dharma education, Naktharm To (grade 2) (OR = 0.6, 95% Cl: 0.4-0.9), Naktharm Aek (grade 3) or above (OR = 0.4, 95% Cl: 0.2-0.6); Lay education, secondary school (OR = 0.7, 95% Cl: 0.5-0.9), bachelor degree or above (OR = 0.4, 95% Cl: 0.2-0.8); systolic blood pressure > or = 140 mmHg (OR = 1.8, 95% Cl: 1.1-2.8) and history of respiratory illness (OR = 3.2, 95% Cl: 1.5-6.9). As a result, dharma education and well educated persons were the crucial factors which led to success in decreasing cigarette smoking. Smoking cessation campaigns and education of the consequences of smoking are strongly recommended among risk groups.

  18. Forecasting Temporal and Spatial Climatological Influence for Land Suitability Evaluation in Bentota Sri Lanka

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    Gayani Ranasinghe

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Climate change has raised much concern regarding its impacts on future land use planning, varying by region, time, and socio-economic development path. The principle purpose of land suitability evaluation is to predict the potential and limitation of the land for crop production and other land uses. This study was carried out to predict the temperature and rainfall trends as one of the major factor for evaluating land suitability. Climatic data such as monthly mean temperature, total monthly rainfall, maximum daily rainfall and total annual rainfall during last 30 years of all weather stations located in Bentota River basin was collected and analyzed applying time series analysis, correlation analysis and Manna Kendall trend test methods. Spatial distribution of forecast rainfall values was illustrated applying Arc GIS software. The findings revealed that monthly mean temperature and maximum daily rainfall had a general increasing trend whereas, total monthly rainfall and total annual rainfall showed a general decreasing trend in  Bentota area. It was indicated relatively high rainfall situations during May and October while low rainfall situations during January and February by occurring flood situation in once per five year. During Yala season the area will be received comparatively more rainfall (331mm than Maha season (300mm in future. Community and the farmers in this area can be aware about the anticipated spatial distribution of total monthly rainfall during two major seasons and flood occurrence periods. Decision makers should evaluate land suitability of Bentota area by considering above climatological influences and its spatial distribution pattern that identified as major outcome of this research. The approach and the methodology adopted in this study will be useful for other researchers, agriculturalist and planners to identify the future climatological influences and its spatial distribution pattern for land suitability evaluations

  19. Robustness and Radiation Resistance of the Pale Grass Blue Butterfly from Radioactively Contaminated Areas: A Possible Case of Adaptive Evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nohara, Chiyo; Hiyama, Atsuki; Taira, Wataru; Otaki, Joji M

    2018-02-14

    The pale grass blue butterfly, Zizeeria maha, has been used to evaluate biological impacts of the Fukushima nuclear accident in March 2011. Here, we examined the possibility that butterflies have adapted to be robust in the contaminated environment. Larvae (n = 2432) were obtained from adult butterflies (n = 20) collected from 7 localities with various contamination levels in May 2012, corresponding to the 7th generation after the accident. When the larvae were reared on non-contaminated host plant leaves from Okinawa, the normality rates of natural exposure without artificial irradiation (as an indication of robustness) were high not only in the least contaminated locality but also in the most contaminated localities. The normality rates were similarly obtained when the larvae were reared on non-contaminated leaves with external irradiation or on contaminated leaves from Fukushima to deliver internal irradiation. The normality rate of natural exposure and that of external or internal exposure were correlated, suggesting that radiation resistance (or susceptibility) likely reflects general state of health. The normality rate of external or internal exposure was divided by the relative normality rate of natural exposure, being defined as the resistance value. The resistance value was the highest in the populations of heavily contaminated localities and was inversely correlated with the distance from the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant. These results suggest that the butterfly population might have adapted to the contaminated environment within approximately 1 year after the accident. The present study may partly explain the decrease in mortality and abnormality rates later observed in the contaminated areas. © The American Genetic Association 2017. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  20. Improving Accessibility to Medical Services for Persons with Disabilities in Thailand

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    Anpatcha Sakhornkhan

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This action research aimed at developing an action plan to improve the accessibility to home health care and assistive devices for persons with disabilities in a rural community, and to evaluate changes in the numbers of such persons who received appropriate home health care and assistive devices after a three-month implementation of the action plan.Method: The study was conducted at a sub-district of Maha Sarakham Province, Thailand. The main beneficiaries were 99 persons with disabilities (mean age55.4±18.7 years. Group meetings were organised for persons with disabilities, caregivers, and various community members. An action plan for improving the accessibility of persons with disabilities to home health care and assistive devices was collaboratively formulated and implemented for three months.Results: The main strategy for improving accessibility was to increase the competency of village health volunteers in providing home health care and assistive devices to persons with disabilities. After the three-month action plan implementation, the number of persons with disabilities who received appropriate home health care, i.e. at least once a month, significantly increased from 33.3% to 72.2% (Chi-square test, PConclusions: Under the supervision of physical therapists and/or other allied health professionals, the village health volunteer is likely to be a key person for improving the accessibility to home health care and assistive devices for persons with disabilities in a rural community.Limitations: The study was limited to only one sub-district. No comparable areas were studied. Further, since the study recruited persons with disabilities from a rural community, applicability of the findings to persons with disabilities in an urban community should be considered judiciously.

  1. Color-pattern evolution in response to environmental stress in butterflies

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    Atsuki eHiyama

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available It is generally accepted that butterfly wing color patterns have ecological and behavioral functions that evolved through natural selection. However, particular wing color patterns may physiologically be produced in response to environmental stress without significant function. These patterns would represent an extreme expression of phenotypic plasticity and can eventually be fixed genetically in a population. Here, three such cases in butterflies are concisely reviewed and their possible mechanisms of genetic assimilation are discussed. First, certain modified color pattern of Vanessa indica induced by temperature treatments resembles the natural color patterns of its closely related species of the genus Vanessa (sensu stricto. Second, a different type of color-pattern modification can be induced in Vanessa cardui as a result of a general stress response, which is very similar to the natural color pattern of its sister species Vanessa kershawi. Third, a field observation was reported, together with experimental support, to show that the color-pattern diversity of a regional population of Zizeeria maha increased at the northern range margin of this species in response to temperature stress. In these three cases, modified color patterns are unlikely to have significant functions, and these cases suggest that phenotypic plasticity plays an important role in butterfly wing color-pattern evolution. A neutral or non-functional trait can be assimilated genetically if it is linked, like a parasitic trait, with another functional trait. In addition, it is possible that environmental stress causes epigenetic modifications of genes related to color patterns and that their transgenerational inheritance facilitates the process of genetic assimilation of a neutral or non-functional trait.

  2. Hubungan Asupan Zat Gizi dengan Trigliserida dan Kadar Glukosa Darah pada Vegetarian

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    Ginta Siahaan

    2015-06-01

    Currently, there has been a growing number of people in the world and in Indonesia that becomes vegetarian, where the survey conducted by American Dietetic Asscociation (ADA shows the number of vegetarians in 2006 is around 4,9 billion (2,3% adult in American becoming vegetarian and  1,4 % becoming vegan vegetarian while in Canada, 900 adult population becomes vegetarian. The number of Vegetarians in Indonesia which is  listed in IVS that was established in 1998  was around 5000 members and increased to 6000 members in 2000 while the number of IVSs in Medan city in 2013 was 2000 people.For the first/preliminary study done by researcher of 49 vegetarians in Maha Vihara Maitreya 26 October 2013, there was 32% of vegetarians having blood cholesterol levels more than normal. The purpose of the research was to know the relationship between energy intake, carbohydrate and fiber with triglycerides and blood glucose levels on vegetarian. This study was an observational method and used cross sectional design. Sample collected used purposive sampling method, while to analyze the data,  Pearson correlation was used. The Conclusion is if p0,05 H0 is then accepted. The results showed the correlation between energy intake of carbohydrates and fiber with triglycerides and blood glucose level sample of vegetarian community, where the relation has a closeness to moderate and strong level. For it is suggested that vegetarians need to keep a balance between energy consumption, carbohydrate and fiber. Key word : nutrition intake, blood sugar levels, blood triglycerides levels, vegetarian

  3. HUBUNGAN POLA KONSUMSI ALA VEGETARIAN TERHADAP LEMAK VISCERAL

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    Dini Lestrina

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Vegetarian, vegan and non-vegan, can lower the risk of metabolic syndrome disease caused by central obesity by measuring waist circumference and the general obesity by assessing Body Mass Index (BMI. One of alternative to prevent can be done by changing the pattern of diet habits from omnivores (the consumption of animal products and vegetable and dairy become vegetarian (vegetable and dairy product consumption. The purpose of this study was to analyze differences in waist circumference and BMI in terms of nutrient intake in the vegetarian community members Indonesia Vegetarian Society (IVS at the age of 30-58 years in Maha Vihara Maitreya Medan. This study was an observational with cross sectional design. These research subjects are divided into two groups, 42 vegans and 42 non-vegans selected by screening, and then determined by purposive sampling. Nutrient intake data collected by interview using the 24-hour recall, while the antropometry measurement using a measuring tape, scales and microtoise. Analysis were done using Independent T-test. The results showed there’s difference of waist circumference between vegan and non vegan (p = 0.008, but there is no difference of IMT (p = 0105. Statistically,  energy and protein intake was not different (p> 0.05, however, there were differences found in carbohydrate intake (p = 0.001 and total fat (p = 0.005 in the vegan and non vegan. The continue research on the diet of vegan vegetarian adverse event to metabolic syndrome and the characteristics of the food based on local cultural wisdom needs to be done.

  4. Assessment of Variable Planting Date as an Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Variability in Sri Lanka

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera, A.; Gunda, T.; Hornberger, G. M.

    2016-12-01

    Agriculture accounts for approximately 70% of global freshwater withdrawals. Changes in precipitation patterns due to climate change as well as increasing demands for water necessitate an increased understanding of the water-­food intersection, notably at a local scale to inform farmer adaptations to improve water productivity, i.e., to get more food with less water. Local assessments of water-food security are particularly important for nations with self-sufficiency policies, which prioritize in-country production of certain resources. An ideal case study is the small island nation of Sri Lanka, which has a self-sufficiency policy for its staple food of rice. Because rice is a water-intensive crop, assessment of irrigation water requirements (IWRs) and the associated changes over time is especially important. Previous studies on IWRs of rice in Sri Lanka have failed to consider the Yala (dry) season, when water is scarcest.The goal of this study is to characterize the role that a human decision, setting the planting date, can play in buffering declines in rice yield against changes in precipitation patterns. Using four meteorological stations in the main rice-growing zones in Sri Lanka, we explore (1) general changes in IWRs over time during the Yala season and (2) the impact of the rice planting date. We use both historical data from meteorological stations as well as future projections from regional climate models. Our results indicate that gains can be achieved using a variable planting date relative to a fixed date, in accordance with a similar conclusion for the Maha (wet) season. This local scale assessment of Sri Lanka IWRs will contribute to the growing global literature on the impacts of water scarcity on agriculture and the role that one adaptation measure can play in mitigating deleterious impacts.

  5. Dynamism of Ballet in Isan

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    Sirimongkol Natayakul

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Isan is a region with diverse dancing art forms, such as Fon (Northertern-Thai-style-dance, Serng (Northestern-Thai-style-dance, and Ram (Central-Thai-style-dance which are attached to important traditions associated with Buddhism and spiritual beliefs. Ballet is a unique cross-cultural dance that has spread into Isan society over a long period of time. This qualitative research aims to study the history of ballet in Isan from 1976 to 2012 and the factors that have led to the dynamism of ballet in Isan. Research methods used for data collection include document study, fieldwork and researcher experience. In this study, the population and area samples are in seven provinces: Khon Kaen, Nakhon Ratchasima, Udon Thani, Ubon Ratchathani, Maha Sarakham, Chaiyaphum and Buriram. Ballet first appeared in Isan in 1976 when Khunying Genevieve Damon, a French national, Ekachai Kaikaew and Kanoknat Homasawin set up as ballet teachers. Ballet schools are found in 12 public schools, 21 private schools and one school of the local administrative organization. Ballet shows take two forms, which are either Conventional Ballet and Non-Conventional Ballet. Seven factors affect the dynamism of ballet in Isan: government policy, education, economy, ballet teachers, parents of ballet students, communications and overseas organizations. Ballet teachers have a multidimensional role in educational society and are thus very important to the ballet shows in the Isan area. Moreover, ballet teachers in the Northeast also create, design, choreograph and direct the shows. The dynamism of education and economy are the second and the third most important factors

  6. Modified relaxation technique for treating hypertension in Thai postmenopausal women

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    Saensak S

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Suprawita Saensak,1,2 Teraporn Vutyavanich,3 Woraluk Somboonporn,4 Manit Srisurapanont5 1Academic Department, Faculty of Medicine, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham, Thailand; 2Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University,Thailand; 3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; 4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand; 5Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand Aim: To examine the effectiveness of a modified relaxation (MR technique in reducing blood pressure levels in Thai postmenopausal women with mild hypertension, compared with a control group who received health education. Methods: This is a 16-week, randomized, parallel, open-label, controlled trial in a menopausal clinic in a tertiary health care center in Northeastern Thailand. The intervention group received a 60-minute session of MR training and were encouraged to practice 15–20 minutes a day, at least 5 days a week. The control group received lifestyle education, including diet and exercise. The primary and secondary outcomes were systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP. Results: Of 432 participants, 215 and 217 were randomly allocated to the MR and control groups, respectively. Of those, 167 participants in the MR group and 175 participants in the control group completed the study. The SBP was significantly more reduced in the MR group, with a mean of 2.1 mmHg (P < 0.001. There was no significant difference between groups on the changed DBP. Conclusion: The MR technique may be effective in lowering SBP in Thai postmenopausal women visiting a menopause clinic. Its efficacy may be observed as soon as 4 weeks after start of treatment. Long-term and combined relaxation therapy and antihypertensive agents are warranted in a large cohort of this population. This trial is registered in clinicaltrials.gov (number

  7. Aspek Hukum Pengadaan Tanah bagi Pelaksanaan Pembangunan untuk Kepentingan Umum

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    Hardianto Djanggih

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Tanah adalah karunia Tuhan Yang Maha Esa bagi rakyat, bangsa dan Negara Indonesia, yang harus diusahakan, dimanfaatkan, dan dipergunakan untuk sebesar-besarnya kemakmuran rakyat. Artikel ini menganalisis tentang pengadaan tanah yang berorientasi pada terciptanya kepastian hukum pengadaan tanah bagi pemerintah daerah. Metode Penelitian digunakan Metode penelitian normatif dengan Pendekatan peraturan perundang-undangan (statute approach dan Pendekatan analisis/konsep (analytical or conceptual approach. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Pemerintahan daerah berhak serta berwenang mengatur dan mengurus sendiri urusan pemerintahan daerahnya menurut prinsip-prinsip otonomi daerah, terutama dalam hal pengadaan tanah bagi pelaksanaan pembangunan untuk kepentingan umum. Namun kewenangan yang diberikan kepada setiap pemerintah daerah, aplikasinya harus bersinergi dengan program pemerintah pusat. Jika eksistensi pemerintah daerah tidak dapat dilepaskan dari pemerintah pusat. Land is a gift of God Almighty for the people, the nation and the State of Indonesia, which must be cultivated, utilized, and used for the greatest prosperity of the people. This article examines the land procurement oriented to the creation of legal certainty of land procurement for local government. Methods Research used normative research methods with statutory approach and analytical or conceptual approach. The results of research indicate that local government has the right and authority to arrange and manage its own regional government affairs according to the principles of regional autonomy, especially in terms of land acquisition for the implementation of development for the public interest. However, the authority given to each local government, the application must be in synergy with the central government program. If the existence of local government can not be separated from the central government.

  8. Pelagic ecology of the South West Indian Ocean Ridge seamounts: Introduction and overview

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    Rogers, A. D.

    2017-02-01

    The Indian Ocean was described by Behrman (1981) as the "Forlorn Ocean", a region neglected by science up to the late-1950s. For example, the Challenger Expedition from 1872 to 1876 largely avoided the Indian Ocean, sailing from Cape Town into Antarctic waters sampling around the Prince Edward Islands, Kerguelen Island and Crozet Islands before heading to Melbourne. From 1876 to the 1950s there were expeditions on several vessels including the Valdivia, Gauss and Planet (Germany), the Snellius (Netherlands), Discovery II, MahaBiss (United Kingdom), Albatross (Sweden), Dana and Galathea (Denmark; Behrman, 1981). There was no coordination between these efforts and overall the Indian Ocean, especially the deep sea remained perhaps the most poorly explored of the world's oceans. This situation was largely behind the multilateral effort represented by the International Indian Ocean Expedition (IIEO), which was coordinated by the Scientific Committee for Ocean Research (SCOR), and which ran from 1959-1965. Work during this expedition focused on the Arabian Sea, the area to the northwest of Australia and the waters over the continental shelves and slopes of coastal states in the region. Subsequently several large-scale international oceanographic programmes have included significant components in the Indian Ocean, including the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS) and the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE). These studies were focused on physical oceanographic measurements and biogeochemistry and whilst the Indian Ocean is still less understood than other large oceans it is now integrated into the major ocean observation systems (Talley et al., 2011). This cannot be said for many aspects of the biology of the region, despite the fact that the Indian Ocean is one of the places where exploitation of marine living resources is still growing (FAO, 2016). The biology of the deep Indian Ocean outside of the Arabian Sea is particularly poorly understood given the presence

  9. Stability of Capsaicinoids and Antioxidants in Dry Hot Peppers under Different Packaging and Storage Temperatures

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    Qumer Iqbal

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The maintenance of the quality and storage life of perishable fruits and vegetables is a major challenge for the food industry. In this study, the effects of different temperatures, packaging materials and storage time on the stability of capsaicinoids and antioxidants, such as total carotenoids, ascorbic acid and total phenolic compounds, were studied in three commercially cultivated hot pepper hybrids, namely Sky Red, Maha and Wonder King. For this purpose, dry whole pods were packed in jute bags and low-density polyethylene bags (LDPE, stored for five months under controlled conditions at 20, 25 or 30 ○C and analyzed on Day 0 and at 50-day intervals until Day 150. The three hot pepper hybrids differed significantly with respect to their capsaicinoids and antioxidant concentrations, but the results indicated that with the increase in storage temperature and time, a gradual and steady decrease in these levels was equally observed for all hybrids. Overall, mean concentrations after five months were significantly reduced by 22.6% for ascorbic acid, 19.0% for phenolic compounds, 17% for carotenoids and 12.7% for capsaicinoids. The trends of capsaicinoids and antioxidants evolution were decreasing gradually during storage until Day 150, this effect being more pronounced at higher temperature. Furthermore, the disappearance rates of capsaicinoids and antioxidants were higher in peppers packed in jute bags than in those wrapped with LDPE. In conclusion, despite the sensitivity of capsaicinoids and antioxidants to oxygen, light and moisture, the packaging in natural jute or synthetic LDPE plastic bags, as well as the storage at ambient temperature preserved between 77.4% and 87.3% of the initial amounts of these health- and nutrition-promoting compounds during five months’ storage.

  10. Efficacy and safety of Curcuma domestica extracts compared with ibuprofen in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a multicenter study

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    Kuptniratsaikul V

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Vilai Kuptniratsaikul,1 Piyapat Dajpratham,1 Wirat Taechaarpornkul,2 Montana Buntragulpoontawee,3 Pranee Lukkanapichonchut,4 Chirawan Chootip,5 Jittima Saengsuwan,6 Kesthamrong Tantayakom,7 Supphalak Laongpech8 1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; 2Sirindhorn National Medical Rehabilitation Center, Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand; 3Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; 4Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Ratchaburi Hospital, Ministry of Public Health, Ratchaburi, Thailand; 5Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Songkhla Hospital, Ministry of Public Health, Songkhla, Thailand; 6Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand; 7Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Rajvithi Hospital, Ministry of Public Health, Bangkok, Thailand; 8Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Vachira Phuket Hospital, Ministry of Public Health, Phuket, Thailand Objective: To determine the efficacy and safety of Curcuma domestica extracts in pain reduction and functional improvement. Methods: 367 primary knee osteoarthritis patients with a pain score of 5 or higher were randomized to receive ibuprofen 1,200 mg/day or C. domestica extracts 1,500 mg/day for 4 weeks. The main outcomes were Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC total, WOMAC pain, WOMAC stiffness, and WOMAC function scores. Adverse events (AEs were also recorded. Results: 185 and 182 patients were randomly assigned into C. domestica extracts and ibuprofen groups, respectively. The baseline characteristics were no different between groups. The mean of all WOMAC scores at weeks 0, 2, and 4 showed significant improvement when compared with the baseline in both groups. After using the noninferiority test, the mean difference (95% confidence interval of WOMAC total

  11. INTERNALISASI PENDIDIKAN KARAKTER DALAM AKUNTANSI (INSPIRASI DIARY (SOLUSI KONSERVASI MORAL

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    Kardiyem -

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Pendidikan yang dalam UU No. 20 Tahun 2003 tentang SISDIKNAS bertujuan untuk berkembangnya potensi peserta didik agar menjadi manusia yang beriman dan bertaqwa kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, berakhlak mulia, sehat, berilmu, cakap, kreatif, mandiri, dan menjadi warga negara yang demokratis serta bertanggung jawab (pasal 3. Namun kenyataannya, Kondisi sosial, kultural masyarakat kita akhir-akhir ini memang mengkhawatirkan. Masyarakat kita menghadapi krisis kronis dan perilaku positif hilang termakan zaman digantikan produksi perilaku negatif yang cenderung destruktif. Pembentukan karakter merupakan salah satu tujuan pendidikan nasional. Pendidikan karakter menjadi semakin mendesak untuk diterapkan dalam lembaga pendidikan kita. Sekolah merupakan salah satu wadah yang tepat untuk mengembangkan pendidikan karakter bagi anak. Belajar Akuntansi tidak hanya sekedar terampil dalam berhitung, tetapi juga menumbuhkan karakter rasional, jujur, obyektif, kontrol diri, progesif, keterbukaan pada aneka pendapat, eksploratif, dan ketekunan lewat pelajaran Akuntansi. Oleh karena itu, perlu dipersiapkan metode khusus dalam upaya mempersiapkan dan mengintregasikan seluruh nilai-nilai pendidikan serta karakter agar terjadi keseimbangan antara penguasaan bidang ilmu akuntansi dengan kemampuan non-akademik merupakan amanahnya untuk meningkatkan kualitas kehidupan bangsa. Inspirasi Diary dimanfaatkan untuk menginternalisasi pendidikan karakter pada siswa. Desain inspirasi diary adalah pembukuan uang saku siswa dan rencana pengembangan diri dan di evaluasi oleh guru. Adanya pembukuan mengenai uang saku maka peseta didik akan mengenal pendidikan cara mempertanggung jawabkan keuangan orang tua, kasih sayang terhadap orang tua, disiplin, tanggung jawab sikap hemat dan saling menghormati dan lain-lain. National Education System in Indonesia aims at developing a student’ potentials in order to become a human being who is faithful and devoted to God Almighty, noble

  12. Sensitive and specific markers for insulin resistance, hyperandrogenemia, and inappropriate gonadotrophin secretion in women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a case-control study from Bahrain

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    Al-Ayadhi MA

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Jamal Golbahar,1,2,* Maha Al-Ayadhi,2,* Negalla Mohan Das,2 Khalid Gumaa,2 1Department of Molecular Medicine, Al-Jawhara Centre for Genetic Diagnosis and Research, 2Department of Medical Biochemistry, College of Medicine and Medical Sciences, AGU, Manama, Bahrain *These authors contributed equally to this articleBackground: In women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS, despite a high prevalence of insulin resistance, hyperandrogenemia, and disturbances in the secretion of gonadotrophin, the principal causes of biochemical abnormalities and the best endocrine markers for PCOS have not been fully identified.Subjects and methods: Serum levels of insulin, glucose, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH, luteinizing hormone (LH, total testosterone, estrogen, sex hormone-binding capacity (SHBG, and other related indices such as homeostasis model assessment, insulin glucose ratios, LH/FSH ratios, and the free androgen index (FAI were determined and compared in women with PCOS (n = 50 and women without PCOS (n = 50.Results: In multivariate logistic regression analyses, among all insulin resistance indices, only hyperinsulinemia (odds ratio [OR] = 2.6; confidence interval [CI]: 1.3–5.2; P = 0.008 was significantly and independently associated with PCOS when adjusted for body mass index (BMI, hyperandrogenemia, and LH/FSH ratios. The LH/FSH ratio (OR = 5.4; CI: 1.2–23.0, P = 0.03 was the only marker among those indices for inappropriate gonadotrophin secretion that significantly and independently associated with PCOS when adjusted for BMI and hyperinsulinemia. Among those indices for hyperandrogenemia, FAI (OR = 1.1; CI: 1.0–2.7; P = 0.02 and SHBG (OR = 1.2; CI: 1.2–3.4; P = 0.03 were significantly and independently associated with PCOS when adjusted for BMI and hyperinsulinemia. In addition, receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the best predictive markers for PCOS were insulin (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.944; CI: 0.887–0

  13. CYP19A1 gene polymorphism and colorectal cancer etiology in Saudi population: case–control study

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    Al-Mukaynizi FB

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Fatimah Basil Al-Mukaynizi,1 Mohammed Alanazi,1 Sooad Al-Daihan,1 Narasimha Reddy Parine,1 Majid Almadi,2 Abdulrahman Aljebreen,2 Nahla Azzam,2 Othman Alharbi,2 Maha Arafah,3 Arjumand Warsy4 1Department of Biochemistry, College of Science, 2Department of Internal Medicine, 3Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, 4Central Laboratory, Female Center for Scientific & Medical Colleges, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Background: Considerable interest is directed toward the enzyme aromatase (CYP19A1 and the development of cancer, due to CYP19A1’s role in estrogen biosynthesis. Several cancers display excessive intra-tumor accumulation of estrogens, and aromatase inhibitors are used for treatment. The CYP19A1 gene exhibits polymorphism and mutations that can alter its expression or aromatase activity and influence estrogen production. We designed this study to investigate the link between CYP19A1 polymorphism and susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC development in Saudis. Patients and methods: Blood samples from 100 CRC patients and 100 healthy controls were drawn for DNA extractions. Three polymorphic sites, rs4774585, rs936308, and rs4775936, were genotyped using Taqman genotyping by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Allelic and genotype frequencies were calculated and compared in the two groups. Results: All single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs were polymorphic in Saudis, and comparison of allele frequencies showed several differences when compared to other populations. None of the SNPs were associated with the risk of CRC development in Saudis (P>0.05. Some gender and location (colon or rectal differences were observed. Discussion: The results of this study highlighted the genetic heterogeneity existing between populations in the prevalence of different SNPs and their relation to disease state. It showed that, although rs4774585, rs936308, and rs4775936 are involved in CRC development in several populations, their role

  14. Using the learning management evaluation model for advancing to life skills of lower secondary students in the 21st century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kansaart, Preecha; Suikraduang, Arun; Panya, Piyatida

    2018-01-01

    The aims of this research study were to develop the Learning Management Evaluation Model (LMEM) for advancing to lower secondary students of their life skills in the 21st century with the Research & Development process technique. The research procedures were administered of four steps that composed of analyze, the synthetic indicator to assess learning to advance to their life skills in the 21st century by the 4-educational experts were interviewed. The LMEM model was developed by the information from the first draft format and the educational experts to check a suitability and feasibility of the draft assessment form with a technical symposium multipath characteristics to find consensus dimensional (Multi-Attribute Consensus Reaching: MACR) by 12 specialists who provided the instruction in the form of Assessment and Evaluation Guide (AEG) was brought to five the number of professionals who ensure the proper coverage, a clear assessment of the manual before using the AEG. The LMEM model was to trial at an experiment with different schools in the Secondary Educational Office Area 26 (Maha Sarakham) whereas taught at the upper secondary educational school with the sample consisted of 7 schools with the purposive sampling was selected. Assessing the LMEM model was evaluated the based on the evaluation criteria of the educational development. The assessor was related to the trial consisted of 35 evaluators. Using the interview form with the rubric score and a five rating scale level was analyzed; the qualitative and quantitative data were used. It has found that: The LMEM evaluation model of learning to advance to life skills of students in the 21st century was a chart structure that ties together of 6 relevant components of the evaluation such as; the purpose of the assessment, the evaluation focused assessment methods, the evaluator, the evaluation technique, and the evaluation criteria. The evaluation targets were to assess the management of learning, the factors

  15. REBUILDING THE PROFESSIONAL TEACHING CAPACITY OF UNDERGRADUATE ENGLISH EDUCATION STUDENTS OF UIN ALAUDDIN MAKASSAR (A Case Study on Student-Teachers of PBI Students of Tarbiyah Faculty

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    Mardiana Nurdin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi kapasitas pengajaran yang profe­sional mahasiswa PPL PBI UIN Alauddin Makassar yang melibatkan 4 guru pamong dan 30 mahasiswa PPL. Data dikumpulkan melalui survei online, lembar pengamatan dan dokumentasi yang dianalisis dengan menggunakan metode campuran qualitatif dan kuantitatif. Penelitian ini menyimpulkan bahwa: 1 mahasiswa PPL berpendapat bahwa seorang guru bahasa Inggris seharusnya mampu melakukan tanggung jawabnya sebagai seorang guru yang memiliki kompetensi paedagogik, profesional, sosial, dan kepribadian, 2 mahasiswa PPL cenderung menerima pebelajar mandiri, kerja berpasangan dan kerja kelompok, mengadaptasi pengajaran untuk memenuhi kebutuhan siswa sebelum praktik pembelajaran, tetapi cenderung menguranginya selama proses pembelajaran; mahasiswa PPL juga cenderung menerima pengajaran grammar secara eksplisit, koreksi kesalahan, dan pengucapan seperti penutur asli, pengetahuan teknikal, dan keterampilan interpersonal sebelum praktik mengajar dan meningkatkan proporsinya selama proses mengajar, 3 Guru pamong berpendapat bahwa maha­siswa PPL PBI UIN alauddin harus meningkatkan kemampuan bahasa Inggris, penggunaan metode pengajaran yang inovatif, penilaian autentik, dan penggu­naan media yang bervariasi. Abstract: This research aims to explore the professional teaching capacity of undergraduate English education students of UIN Alauddin Makassar. It involves 4 supervising-teachers and 30 student-teachers. The data were collected through online survey questionnaires, feedback observation sheets and documentation; analyzed quanti­tatively and qualitatively. The research finds that: 1 the student-teachers perceive an EFL teacher should be able to do their responsibilities which involves peda­gogic, professional, social, and personal competences; 2 the student-teachers have a tendency to accept learner autonomy, pair/group work, adapting teaching to cater for learner needs before

  16. Sisseminekuks : [luuletused] / Anna Haava ; [Impressioonid]: Viiu Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haava, Anna, pseud., 1864-1957

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: Sisseminekuks ; Kartus ; Ööbikule ; Käokene, kuldalindu ; Mis sa tahad, kevade? ; Ei tule uni ; Hoia ennast; Tuksuv süda ; Sina oled kelm ; Hinge hellal' igatsusel' ; Kõik kallile ; Soov ; Unes nägin ; Võin ; Sinu silmad ; Sinu silmist pilk ; Kallis, sul on kuldne süda ; Sa kõige armsam mulle ; Oh võiksin ; Lill ; Nõmmelill ; Meie Mihkel ; Koidulale ; Ehitage rahukojad ; Emakeel ; Isamaja ; Väsinud ; Oh kuhu ma lähen? ; Ööbiku surm ; Ei saa mitte vaiki olla ; Ma olen näinud ; Südameta ; Sellepärast ; See oli ilusal õiekuul; Esimese lume ajal ; Mina vaat'sin muru pääle ; Ikka kurjalt sa mind vaatad ; Oh ma isegi ei tea ; Mis on luule paljalt sõnas? ; Oh oleksin ära surnud ; Lee ääres ; Sinu nimi ; Hoia vahest aken lahti ; Jumalaga jättes vaat'sid ; Ma laulan ; Ei oma õnne peita ; Küll oli ilus mu õieke ; Oh ära sa küsi ; Ei tule luule tuulest ; Köögis seisab ; Järv leegib eha paistel ; Sinu vanaema ; Nii ta on ; Tead küll, mu kuldkallis ; Ma lähen üle nõmme ; Lenda, lepatriinuke ; Vesi voolab, vesi kohab ; Üks ainus kord ; Oh kevade, oh õie-aeg ; Suur kontsert ; Kuupaistel ; Mets kohiseb ; Lind läks magama ; Kui sa tuled, too mull' lilli ; Sinilillekesed ; Ei ole sina minu ingel ; Ei mina õnne usu ; Viimast laulu ei saa laulda ; Kõige ilusam luule ; Üks on minul püham koda! ; Sa oled suurem kui su saatus ; Mu kodumaa, kus oled sa? ; Eest ära! ; Kui kandlekeeled katkevad ; Ma kõnnin koiduvalgel ; Mu mured kõik matsin ma maha ; Kui ma sulle armas olen ; Kas tahad tulla minuga? ; Sa vaata ette, süda! ; Truus sõpruses ma tahan ; Su silmade sügavuses ; Siis mine! ; See oli siis ; Mu süda usub ; Sind teretame, kuldapäike ; Mind jumalaga jätsid ; Sääl kord kasvab kaunis kodu ; Me oleme põhjamaa lapsed ; Hilised lilled ; Sa küsid, kus mu kodu ; külm ; Sina vaikiv, sügav öö ; Ju õitsvad kõik hellerheinad ; Öösünges kohab ; Kui saaks mullegi kord kodu ; On püha mulle mu kodumaa muld ; Oma hind vaid vaba

  17. PENGARUH KEMAMPUAN BACA TULIS AL-QUR’AN TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR TAFSIR MAHASISWA FAKULTAS TARBIYAH DAN KEGURUAN UIN ALAUDDIN MAKASSAR

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    Nuryamin Nuryamin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This study aimed to determine the effect of the ability to read and write al Quran on Tafseer learning achievement of the second semester students of the Department of Islamic Education and Teaching Faculty UIN Alauddin Makassar academic in year 2013/2014. The method used was quantitative. The variables in this research was the ability to read and write the Koran (X, and Tafseer learning achievement (Y. The population in this study is the second semester students of 2013/2014. The number of respondents were 40 students that was taken by using purposive sampling. The analysis technique used to answer the hypothesis in this study was a descriptive and simple regression analysis. The results showed that the ability to read and write the Koran (X did not significantly affect the Tafseer learning achievement with the R2 values of 0.081 and 0.075 was the level of significance. The implications of this research is that UIN Alauddin Makassar give much more attention to improve the students’ ability to read and write the Koran. Therefore, it can provide quality improvement of the students themselves. Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kemampuan baca tulis al-Qur’an terhadap hasil belajar tafsir mahasiswa semester II angkatan 2013/2014 Jurusan Pendidikan Agama Islam Fakultas Tarbiyah dan Keguruan UIN Alauddin Makassar. Metode penelitian yang digunakan ialah kuantitatif. Varia-bel dalam penelitian ini adalah Kemampuan baca tulis al-Qur’an (X, dan hasil belajar tafsir (Y. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah maha­siswa semester II angaktan 2013/2014. Jumlah responden sebanyak 40 Mahasiswa dengan memakai purposive sampling. Adapun teknik analisis yang digunakan untuk men­jawab hipotesis dalam penelitian ini adalah metode analisis deskriptif dan analisis regresi sederhana. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan baca tulis al-Qur’an (X berpengaruh namun tidak signifikan terhadap nilai hasil belajar tafsir

  18. Growth inhibition of shrimp pathogens by isolated gastrointestinal microflora of Macrobrachium rosenbergii de Man

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    Seehanat, S.

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available The useful bacteria which were isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii de Man, cultivated in earthen pond at Maha Sarakham province, Thailand, consisted of 14 isolates of Bacillus (B1 – B14 and 18 isolates of Lactic acid bacteria (LA1 – LA18. The abilities of all isolated bacteria on growth inhibition of pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus, Aeromonas hydrophila and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were studied by paperdisc plate method. The results showed that the Bacillus B2 and B5 were unable to inhibit the growth of all of the tested pathogens. Bacillus B1, B10 and B12 were capable of inhibiting the growth of 3 of 4 tested pathogen strains. Although all of the isolated lactic acid bacteria (LA1 –LA18 could not inhibit the E. coli growth, all of them could inhibit the growth of B. cereus. The isolated lactic acid bacteria which were capable of inhibiting the growth of 3 tested pathogen strains (excluded E. coli were LA12 , LA13 , LA14 , LA15 , LA16 , LA17 and LA18. In order to select the high potential strain of bacteria for using as probiotics, Bacillus B1 , B3 , B4 , B10 and B12 and lactic acid bacteria LA12 , LA13 , LA14 , LA15 , LA16 , LA17 and LA18 were tested for their growth abilities in various growth conditions. The tested growth conditions included various concentrations of the bile salt and salt (NaCl and various pH and temperatures. The results revealed that Bacillus B1 and B10 and lactic acid bacteria LA13 , LA16 and LA18 exhibited high potential for using as probiotics. The results of biochemical test for identification of these high potential strains showed that Bacillus B1 and B10 were possibly B. licheniformis and B. thuringiensis respectively. The lactic acid bacteria LA13 , LA16 and LA18 were possibly the same strain and belonged to the genus Pediococcus.

  19. A new geological framework for south-central Madagascar, and its relevance to the "out-of-Africa" hypothesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, R.D.; Roig, J.Y.; Macey, P.H.; Delor, C.; Amelin, Y.; Armstrong, R.A.; Rabarimanana, M.H.; Ralison, A.V.

    2011-01-01

    The Precambrian shield of south-central Madagascar, excluding the Vohibory region, consists of three geologic domains, from north to south: Antananarivo, Ikalamavony-Itremo, and Anosyen-Androyen. The northern Antananarivo domain represents the Neoarchean sector of the Greater Dharwar Craton amalgamated at 2.52-2.48. Ga. The Greater Dharwar Craton is overlain by several groups of Meso- to Neoproterozoic supracrustal rocks (Ambatolampy, Manampotsy, Ampasary, Sahantaha, and Maha Groups) each with a common and diagnostic signature of Paleoproterozoic detrital zircons (2.2-1.8. Ga). The central domain (Ikalamavony-Itremo) consists of two distinct parts. The Itremo Sub-domain, in the east, is a structurally intercalated sequence of Neoarchean gneiss and shallow marine metasedimentary rocks of Paleo-Mesoproterozoic age (Itremo Group), the latter with Paleoproterozoic detrital zircons ranging in age between 2.2 and 1.8. Ga. The Ikalamavony Sub-domain, to the west, contains abundant volcano-clastic metasediments and lesser quartzite (Ikalamavony Group), formed between 1.03. Ga and 0.98. Ga, and intruded by igneous rocks (Dabolava Suite) of Stenian-Tonian age. Structurally intercalated with these are sheets of Neoarchean gneiss (~2.5. Ga) and Neoproterozoic metaclastic rocks (Molo Group). Like the Itremo Group, quartzite of the Ikalamavony Group has detrital zircons of Paleoproterozoic age (2.1-1.8. Ga). The southern domain of Anosyen-Androyen consists of a newly recognized suite of Paleoproterozoic igneous rocks (2.0-1.8. Ga), and stratified supracrustal rocks also having Paleoproterozoic detrital zircons (2.3-1.8. Ga). The contact between the Anosyen-Androyen and Ikalamavony-Itremo domains, formerly known as the Ranotsara-Bongolava shear zone, is a tightly folded and highly flattened boundary that was ductilely deformed in Ediacaran time. It is roughly equivalent to the Palghat-Cauvery shear zone in south India, and it defines approximately the boundary between the Archean

  20. Hepatocellular carcinoma: a review

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    Balogh J

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Julius Balogh,1,2 David Victor III,1,3,4 Emad H Asham,1,2 Sherilyn Gordon Burroughs,1,2 Maha Boktour,1,2 Ashish Saharia,1,2 Xian Li,1,2 R Mark Ghobrial,1,2 Howard P Monsour Jr,1,3,4 1Sherrie and Alan Conover Center for Liver Disease and Transplantation, 2Division of Transplantation, Department of Surgery, 3Department of Gastroenterology and Transplant Hepatology, 4Department of Medicine, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, TX, USA Abstract: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC is the most common primary liver malignancy and is a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. In the United States, HCC is the ninth leading cause of cancer deaths. Despite advances in prevention techniques, screening, and new technologies in both diagnosis and treatment, incidence and mortality continue to rise. Cirrhosis remains the most important risk factor for the development of HCC regardless of etiology. Hepatitis B and C are independent risk factors for the development of cirrhosis. Alcohol consumption remains an important additional risk factor in the United States as alcohol abuse is five times higher than hepatitis C. Diagnosis is confirmed without pathologic confirmation. Screening includes both radiologic tests, such as ultrasound, computerized tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, and serological markers such as α-fetoprotein at 6-month intervals. Multiple treatment modalities exist; however, only orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT or surgical resection is curative. OLT is available for patients who meet or are downstaged into the Milan or University of San Francisco criteria. Additional treatment modalities include transarterial chemoembolization, radiofrequency ablation, microwave ablation, percutaneous ethanol injection, cryoablation, radiation therapy, systemic chemotherapy, and molecularly targeted therapies. Selection of a treatment modality is based on tumor size, location, extrahepatic spread, and underlying liver function. HCC is an

  1. The Fukushima nuclear accident and the pale grass blue butterfly: evaluating biological effects of long-term low-dose exposures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiyama, Atsuki; Nohara, Chiyo; Taira, Wataru; Kinjo, Seira; Iwata, Masaki; Otaki, Joji M

    2013-08-12

    On August 9th 2012, we published an original research article in Scientific Reports, concluding that artificial radionuclides released from the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant exerted genetically and physiologically adverse effects on the pale grass blue butterfly Zizeeria maha in the Fukushima area. Immediately following publication, many questions and comments were generated from all over the world. Here, we have clarified points made in the original paper and answered questions posed by the readers. The following points were clarified. (1) There are many advantages to using the pale grass blue butterfly as an indicator species. (2) The forewings of the individuals collected in Fukushima were significantly smaller than in the northern and southern localities. (3) We observed growth retardation in the butterflies from the Fukushima area. (4) The aberrant colour patterns in the butterflies obtained in the Fukushima area were different from the colour patterns induced by temperature and sibling crosses but similar to those induced by external and internal exposures to the artificial radionuclides and by a chemical mutagen, suggesting that genetic mutations caused the aberrations. (5) This species of butterfly has been plentiful in Fukushima area for at least half a century. We here present specimens collected from Fukushima Prefecture before the accident. (6) Mutation accumulation was detected by the increase in the abnormality rates from May 2011 to September 2011. (7) The abnormal traits were heritable. (8) Our sampling localities were not affected by the tsunami. (9) We used a high enough number of samples to obtain statistically significant results. (10) The standard rearing method was followed, producing normal adults in the control groups. (11) The exposure experiments successfully reproduced the results of the field work. This species of butterfly is vulnerable to long-term low-dose internal and external exposures; however, insect cells are known to be

  2. A home-based comprehensive care model in patients with Multiple Sclerosis: A study pre-protocol [version 1; referees: 2 approved

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    Lufei Young

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background Disability is prevalent in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS, leading to difficulty in care access, significant caregiver burden, immense challenges in self-care and great societal burden.  Without highly coordinated, competent and accessible care, individuals living with progressive MS experience psychological distress, poor quality of life, suffer from life-threatening complications, and have frequent but avoidable healthcare utilizations. Unfortunately, current healthcare delivery models present severe limitations in providing easily accessible, patient-centered, coordinated comprehensive care to those with progressive MS. We propose a home-based comprehensive care model (MAHA to address the unmet needs, challenges, and avoidable complications in individuals with progressive MS with disabling disease. Objective The article aims to describe the study design and methods used to implement and evaluate the proposed intervention.   Method The study will use a randomized controlled design to evaluate the feasibility of providing a 24-month, home-based, patient-centered comprehensive care program to improve quality of life, reduce complications and healthcare utilizations overtime (quarterly for 24 months. A transdisciplinary team led by a MS-Comprehensivist will carry out this project. Fifty MS patients will be randomly assigned to the intervention and usual care program using block randomization procedures. We hypothesize that patients in the intervention group will have fewer complications, higher quality of life, greater satisfaction with care, and reduced healthcare utilization. The proposed project is also expected to be financially sustainable in fee-for-service models but best suited for and gain financial success in valued-based care systems.   Discussion This is the first study to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of a home-based comprehensive care management program in MS patients living with progressive

  3. MODEL OBSERVASI DAN SIMULASI (OBSIM UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN MAHASISWA PENDIDIKAN FISIKA DALAM MENGAJAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indrawati Indrawati

    2011-11-01

    43 orang mahasiswa Program Pendidikan Fisika FKIP Universitas Jember semester V yang menempuh matakuliah Perencanaan Pembelajaran tahun ajaran 2008-2009. Desain penelitian adalah Penelitian Tindakan Kelas dengan menggunakan siklus-siklus. Untuk mengumpulkan data digunakan teknik observasi, asesmen otentik, dan wawancara. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif, dengan menggunakan normal­ized gain. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Model Obsim dapat meningkatkan kemampuan maha­siswa dalam merencanakan pembelajaran dan mengimplementasikannya dari kategori sedang ke kategori tinggi selama simulasi yang diberikan dosen disajikan dengan jelas, mahasiswa berpartisipasi aktif dalam diskusi, sering berlatih dan umpan balik selalu diberikan setelah mahasiswa presentasi mengajar.

  4. Potential impact of climate change on groundwater resources in the Central Huai Luang Basin, Northeast Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pholkern, Kewaree; Saraphirom, Phayom; Srisuk, Kriengsak

    2018-08-15

    The Central Huai Luang Basin is one of the important rice producing areas of Udon Thani Province in Northeastern Thailand. The basin is underlain by the rock salt layers of the Maha Sarakham Formation and is the source of saline groundwater and soil salinity. The regional and local groundwater flow systems are the major mechanisms responsible for spreading saline groundwater and saline soils in this basin. Climate change may have an impact on groundwater recharge, on water table depth and the consequences of waterlogging, and on the distribution of soil salinity in this basin. Six future climate conditions from the SEACAM and CanESM2 models were downscaled to investigate the potential impact of future climate conditions on groundwater quantity and quality in this basin. The potential impact was investigated by using a set of numerical models, namely HELP3 and SEAWAT, to estimate the groundwater recharge and flow and the salt transport of groundwater simulation, respectively. The results revealed that within next 30years (2045), the future average annual temperature is projected to increase by 3.1°C and 2.2°C under SEACAM and CanESM2 models, respectively, while the future precipitation is projected to decrease by 20.85% under SEACAM and increase by 18.35% under the CanESM2. Groundwater recharge is projected to increase under the CanESM2 model and to slightly decrease under the SEACAM model. Moreover, for all future climate conditions, the depths of the groundwater water table are projected to continuously increase. The results showed the impact of climate change on salinity distribution for both the deep and shallow groundwater systems. The salinity distribution areas are projected to increase by about 8.08% and 56.92% in the deep and shallow groundwater systems, respectively. The waterlogging areas are also projected to expand by about 63.65% from the baseline period. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. ASSESSING CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS ON THE STABILITY OF SMALL TIDAL INLETS: Part 2- DATA RICH ENVIRONMENTS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duong, Trang Minh; Ranasinghe, Roshanka; Thatcher, Marcus; Mahanama, Sarith; Wang, Zheng Bing; Dissanayake, Pushpa Kumara; Hemer, Mark; Luijendijk, Arjen; Bamunawala, Janaka; Roelvink, Dano; Walstra, Dirkjan

    2018-01-01

    Climate change (CC) is likely to affect the thousands of bar-built or barrier estuaries (here referred to as Small tidal inlets - STIs) around the world. Any such CC impacts on the stability of STIs, which governs the dynamics of STIs as well as that of the inlet-adjacent coastline, can result in significant socio-economic consequences due to the heavy human utilisation of these systems and their surrounds. This article demonstrates the application of a process based snap-shot modelling approach, using the coastal morphodynamic model Delft3D , to 3 case study sites representing the 3 main STI types; Permanently open, locationally stable inlets (Type 1), Permanently open, alongshore migrating inlets (Type 2) and Seasonally/Intermittently open, locationally stable inlets (Type 3). The 3 case study sites (Negombo lagoon - Type 1, Kalutara lagoon - Type 2, and Maha Oya river - Type 3) are all located along the southwest coast of Sri Lanka. After successful hydrodynamic and morphodynamic model validation at the 3 case study sites, CC impact assessment are undertaken for a high end greenhouse gas emission scenario. Future CC modified wave and riverflow conditions are derived from a regional scale application of spectral wave models (WaveWatch III and SWAN) and catchment scale applications of a hydrologic model (CLSM) respectively, both of which are forced with IPCC Global Climate Model output dynamically downscaled to ~ 50 km resolution over the study area with the stretched grid Conformal Cubic Atmospheric Model CCAM. Results show that while all 3 case study STIs will experience significant CC driven variations in their level of stability, none of them will change Type by the year 2100. Specifically, the level of stability of the Type 1 inlet will decrease from 'Good' to 'Fair to poor' by 2100, while the level of (locational) stability of the Type 2 inlet will also decrease with a doubling of the annual migration distance. Conversely, the stability of the Type 3 inlet

  6. Insight into 144 patients with ocular vascular events during VEGF antagonist injections

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    Shami M

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Ahmad M Mansour1, Maha Shahin2, Peter K Kofoed3, Maurizio B Parodi4, Michel Shami5, Stephen G Schwartz6, Collaborative Anti-VEGF Ocular Vascular Complications GroupDepartment of Ophthalmology, 1American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon, Rafic Hariri University Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon; 2Mansoura University, Mansoura City, Egypt; 3Glostrup Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, National Eye Clinic, Kennedy Center, Glostrup, Denmark; 4University Vita-Salute, Scientific Institute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy; 5Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, TX, USA; 6Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Naples and Miami, FL, USAAim: To record ocular vascular events following injections of vascular endothelium growth factor (VEGF antagonists.Methods: Collaborative multicenter case series (48 cases, literature reviews (32 cases, and reports to the FDA (64 cases of patients that had vascular occlusions during anti-VEGF therapy were collected and analyzed.Results: A total of 144 cases of ocular vascular events were identified, with these diagnosed a median of 15 days after anti-VEGF injection. The majority of patients had pre-existing risk factors for cardiovascular events and nine patients had a prior history of glaucoma. Mean visual acuity dropped by 6.4 lines with severe visual loss after injection to NLP (five eyes, LP (six eyes, and HM (two eyes. The overall risk of ocular vascular events following a VEGF antagonist injection was 0.108% in the general population and 2.61% in the diabetic population. Mean retinal arterial constriction after intravitreal bevacizumab in 13 eyes was 21% (standard deviation = 27%, and mean retinal venous constriction was 8% (standard deviation = 30%.Conclusion: Ocular vascular events are rare during anti-VEGF therapy, but can lead to severe visual loss and may be caused by a number of factors including the vasoconstrictor effect of the drug, a post-injection rise

  7. Spirit Piagam Jakarta Dalam Undang-Undang Dasar 1945

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    Mujar Ibnu Syarif

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: In the second trial BPUPKI, both nationalist and Islamic groups consensual that the future of Indonesia's independence will be based on the principle "godhood by running Shari'ah obligation for adherents". The consensus seems to be built on the foundation is not solid. Therefore it is not surprising that one day after the proclamation of independence, the agreement re-questioned. That same day, PPKI held a hearing to review the deal. As a result, the clause contained in the Preamble of the 1945 Constitution was changed to "Based on Belief in God Almighty". After the issuance of a Presidential Decree, began the debate about the existence of the spirit of the Jakarta Charter in 1945 which is applicable in the context of Indonesian politics in this contemporary age.  Abstrak: Spirit Piagam Jakarta dalam Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 Pasca Lahirnya Dekrit Presiden 5 Juli 1959. Pada sidang kedua Badan Penyelidik Usaha-Usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia (BPUPKI / Dokuritsu Zyunbi Tyosakai yang berlangsung sejak tanggal 10 hingga 16 Juli 1945, baik golongan nasionalis maupun golongan Islam berkonsensus bahwa masa depan Indonesia merdeka akan didasarkan pada sila "Ketuhanan dengan kewajiban menjalankan syari'at Islam bagi pemeluk-pemeluknya".  Penting dicatat, konsensus tersebut agaknya dibangun di atas landasan yang tidak kokoh. Karena itu, tidak aneh bila satu hari setelah proklamasi Kemerdekaan RI, tepatnya tanggal 18 Agustus 1945, kesepakatan tersebut kembali dipersoalkan. Pada hari itu juga, Panitia Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia (PPKI yang dibentuk tanggal 7 Agustus 1945 dan diketuai oleh Soekarno, menyelenggarakan sidang untuk meninjau kembali kesepakatan tersebut. Dalam sidang tersebut, anak kalimat  yang terdapat dalam Pembukaan UUD 1945 (Piagam Jakarta, yakni: "Berdasarkan kepada Ketuhanan, dengan kewajiban menjalankan syari'at Islam bagi pemeluk-pemeluknya" diubah menjadi "Berdasar atas Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa".  Setelah

  8. Ocular manifestations of idiopathic aplastic anemia: retrospective study and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mansour AM

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Ahmad M Mansour,1 Jong Wook Lee,2 Seung Ah Yahng,2 Kyu Seop Kim,3 Maha Shahin,4 Nelson Hamerschlak,5 Rubens N Belfort,6 Shree K Kurup71Department of Ophthalmology, American University of Beirut, Rafic Hariri University Hospital, Beirut, Lebanon; 2Division of Hematology, Seoul St Mary’s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 3Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul St Mary’s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Republic of Korea; 4Department of Ophthalmology, Mansoura University, Mansoura City, Egypt; 5Oncology and Hematology Program, Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil; 6Vision Institute, Hospital São Paulo, Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil; 7Department of Ophthalmology, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem, NC, USAAbstract: Aplastic anemia (AA is a rare disease with few reports on its ophthalmic ­manifestations. The ocular findings are described in a retrospective consecutive series of 719 AA Korean patients followed at the Hematology Clinic of The Catholic University of Korea. Out of a total of 719 patients, 269 patients had eye examinations, 156 patients had retinal evaluation, and 37 (23.7% had retinal findings. These 37 patients had unilateral retinal ­hemorrhage in seven and bilateral retinal hemorrhage in 30 with mean hemoglobin of 6.6 g/dL (range 2.7–12.6 g/dL and platelet counts of 18.8×109/L (range 4–157×109/L; central retinal vein occlusion-like picture occurred in nine patients and these had similar rheology to the rest of the subjects; optic disc edema, cotton-wool spots, macular edema, and dry eyes occurred in two, three, five, and three patients, respectively. In this Korean series of 141 subjects with AA, systemic bleeding occurred in 24.8% of subjects, retinal hemorrhage in 37% of subjects, and any bleeding site (eye or elsewhere occurred in 47.5% of subjects with AA. A

  9. Hematological, electrolyte and serum biochemical values of the Thai indigenous chickens (Gallus domesticus in northeastern, Thailand

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    Suchint Simaraks

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Thai indigenous chickens (Gallus domesticus have been domesticated in rural villages in Thailand for a long time. These birds are important to low-income people who live in the rural part of Thailand. However, health problems have been a major cause limiting their population. Hematological, electrolyte and serum biochemical values, which are important for diagnosis of clinical signs and symptoms when affected by diseases, are limited. Blood samples from 40 chickens (20 males and 20 females were used for hematological test while another 18 samples (from 10 males and 8 females were analysed for electrolyte and serum biochemical values. The samples were obtained from Khon Kaen, Kalasin, Roi - Et, Maha Sarakham and Nakhon Ratchasima provinces, northeastern region of Thailand. The results revealed the following information: total red blood cell count, hemoglobin concentration, packed cell volume, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, total white blood cell count, lymphocyte, heterophil, monocyte, eosinophil, basophil, H:L ratio values of Thai native chickens were 2.26 ± 0.29 × 106 cells/μl, 8.89 ± 1.20 g/dl, 32.18 ± 4.46%, 144.63 ± 18.61 fl, 39.69 ± 4.96 pg, 27.86 ± 3.37 g/dl, 2.04 ± 0.45 × 104 cells/μl, 63.68 ± 9.36%, 23.70 ± 7.21%, 4.20 ± 3.20%, 5.83 ± 3.53%, 2.65 ± 2.09% and 0.40 ± 0.17, respectively. Potassium, sodium and chloride values of Thai native chickens were 5.3 ± 0.8 mmol/l, 155.9 ± 3.1 mmol/l and 116.9 ± 2.7 mmol/l, respectively. Furthermore, serum biochemistry values of Thai native chickens such as total protein, glucose, alkaline phosphatase, uric acid, calcium and cholesterol were 4.6 ± 1.0 mg/dl, 190.2 ± 29.8 mg/dl, 235.9 ± 68.6 U/L, 5.0 ± 1.9 mg/dl, 10.4 ± 1.2 mg/dl and 102.4 ± 30.8 mg/dl, respectively. Besides, hemoglobin concentration, packed cell volume and eosinophil inthe males were significantly higher than in the females Thai indigenous

  10. An instructive case of presumed brown snake (Pseudonaja spp.) envenoming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ou, Judy; Haiart, Sebastien; Galluccio, Steven; White, Julian; Weinstein, Scott A

    2015-01-01

    Several species of medically important Australian elapid snakes are frequently involved in human envenoming. The brown snake group (Pseudonaja spp., 9 species) is most commonly responsible for envenoming including life-threatening or fatal cases. Several Pseudonaja spp. can inflict human envenoming that features minor local effects, but may cause serious systemic venom disease including defibrination coagulopathy, thrombocytopenia, micro-angiopathic hemolytic anemia (MAHA) and, rarely, paralysis. Pseudonaja envenoming is typically diagnosed by history, clinical assessment including occasional active clinical bleeding noted on physical examination (e.g. from venipuncture sites, recent cuts, etc.), and laboratory detection of coagulopathy (prolonged activated partial thromboplastin time [APTT]/INR, elevated D-dimer, afibrinogenemia and thrombocytopenia). Lack of verified identity of the envenoming snake species is a common problem in Australia and elsewhere. Identification and confirmation of the envenoming Australian snake taxon is often attempted with enzyme sandwich immunoassay venom detection kits (SVDKs). However, the SVDK has limited utility due to unreliable specificity and sensitivity when used to detect venoms of some Australian elapids. Antivenom (AV) remains the cornerstone of treatment, although there is debate concerning the recommended dose (1 vs. 2 or more vials) necessary to treat serious Pseudonaja envenoming. Envenomed patients receiving timely treatment uncommonly succumb, but a proportion of seriously envenomed patients may exhibit clinical or laboratory evidence of myocardial insult. An 88-year-old woman presented her dog to a veterinarian after it had sustained a bite by a witnessed snake, reportedly an eastern brown snake (Pseudonaja textilis, Elapidae). The woman became suddenly confused, and lost consciousness at the veterinary office. After transport to hospital, she denied any contact with the snake, but developed large haematomas at

  11. TRANSFORMATION OF MAQÂSHID Al-SYARÎ’AH (An Overview of the Development of Islamic Law in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Absori .

    2016-07-01

    mana dapat dimaknai dalam cakupan kehidupan bernegara, karena makna yang terkandung adalah nilai-nilai universalitas dari maqâshid al-syarî`ah. Dalam konteks keindonesiaan, maka maqâshid al-syarî`ah merupakan bagian dari konsepsi dasar berketuhanan Yang Maha Esa dengan tujuan menciptakan kesejahteraan bagi rakyat Indonesia. Dalam kajian ini, pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendekatan doktrinal dengan mendasarkan kepada kajian kepustakaan. Kajian ini merupakan penguatan maqâshid al-syarî`ah sebagai dasar pem-bangunan hukum Islam.

  12. PREFACE: 11th IAEA Technical Meeting on H-mode Physics and Transport Barriers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takizuka, Tomonori

    2008-07-01

    (University of Tsukuba, Japan) K Itoh (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) S-I Itoh (Kyushu University, Japan) F Jenko (Max-Plank-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Germany) D Kalupin (Institut für Plasmaphysik, Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Germany) Y Kamada (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) N Kasuya (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) I Katanuma (University of Tsukuba, Japan) M Kimura (Kyushu University, Japan) A Kirk (EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, UK) S Kitajima (Tohoku University, Japan) S Kobayashi (Kyoto University, Japan) T Kobuchi (Tohoku University, Japan) J Kohagura (University of Tsukuba, Japan) P T Lang (Max-Plank-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Germany) S V Lebedev (Ioffe Institute, Russia) A W Leonard (General Atomics, USA) J Q Li (Kyoto University, Japan) A Malaquias (International Atomic Energy Agency) Y R Martin (Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, EPFL, Switzerland) C J McDevitt (University of California, San Diego, USA) D C McDonald (EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, UK) H Meyer (EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, UK) C A Michael (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) K Miki (Kyushu University, Japan) R Minami (University of Tsukuba, Japan) T Minami (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) Y Miyata (University of Tsukuba, Japan) N Miyato (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) Y Motegi (University of Tsukuba, Japan) V Mukhovatov (ITER Organization) S Murakami (Kyoto University, Japan) Y Nagashima (Kyushu University, Japan) Y Nakashima (University of Tsukuba, Japan) T Numakura (University of Tsukuba, Japan) S Ohshima (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) T Oishi (National Institute for Fusion Science, Japan) T Onjun (Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thailand) T H Osborne (GENERAL Atomics, USA) N Oyama (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) T Ozeki (Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Japan) V Parail (EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, UK) A Polevoi (ITER Organization, France) J E Rice (MIT Plasma Science

  13. Design Techniques for Power-Aware Combinational Logic SER Mitigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahatme, Nihaar N.

    SEUs. This was mainly because the operating frequencies were much lower for older technology generations. The Intel Pentium II for example was fabricated using 0.35 microm technology and operated between 200-330 MHz. With technology scaling however, operating frequencies have increased tremendously and the contribution of soft errors due to latched SETs from combinational logic could account for a significant proportion of the chip-level soft error rate [Sief-12][Maha-11][Shiv02] [Bu97]. Therefore there is a need to systematically characterize the problem of combinational logic single-event effects (SEE) and understand the various factors that affect the combinational logic single-event error rate. Just as scaling has led to soft errors emerging as a reliability-limiting failure mode for modern digital ICs, the problem of increasing power consumption has arguably been a bigger bane of scaling. While Moore's Law loftily states the blessing of technology scaling to be smaller and faster transistor it fails to highlight that the power density increases exponentially with every technology generation. The power density problem was partially solved in the 1970's and 1980's by moving from bipolar and GaAs technologies to full-scale silicon CMOS technologies. Following this however, technology miniaturization that enabled high-speed, multicore and parallel computing has steadily increased the power density and the power consumption problem. Today minimizing the power consumption is as much critical for power hungry server farms as it for portable devices, all pervasive sensor networks and future eco-bio-sensors. Low-power consumption is now regularly part of design philosophies for various digital products with diverse applications from computing to communication to healthcare. Thus designers in today's world are left grappling with both a "power wall" as well as a "reliability wall". Unfortunately, when it comes to improving reliability through soft error mitigation, most

  14. KATA PENGANTAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial Team

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Om Swastiastu, Segala puja dan puji kami panjatkan kehadirat Tuhan Yang Maha Esa / Ida Hyang Widhi Wasa karena atas anugerah Nya dapat tersusun Jurnal Magister Hukum Udayana (Udayana Master Law Journal Vol. 5 No. 1 di tahun 2016. Edisi ini kembali menyajikan  beberapa artikel  yang hampir sebagian besar merupakan artikel  para mahasiswa Program Magister PPs Universitas Udayana yang merupakan salah satu prasyarat sebelum mereka menempuh ujian tesisnya, dan beberapa artikel dari para dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Udayana. Hampir tidak terasa kita melewati tahun 2015 ini pada  penghujung  bulan ke lima.  Tentunya banyak tugas-tugas yang merupakan target yang telah kita kerjakan dan ada pula yang belum terselesaikan. Redaksi sangat bergembira karena masih tingginya antusisme para penulis yang mengirimkan artikelnya untuk dapat diterbitkan dalam  jurnal kesayangan ini.  Melalui seleksi dari para reviewer dan mitra bestari, maka redaksi dapat menerbitkan 18 artikel  pada edisi Vol. 5 No. 1 ini. Mengawali edisi ini, kami sajikan artikel Interpretasi Kerugian Dalam Tindak Pidana Pemalsuan Surat oleh Wayan Santosa, dilanjutkan dengan  Perspektif Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 2011 Tentang Perumahan Dan Kawasan Permukiman Terhadap Perlindungan Hak Konsumen Dalam Jual Beli Perumahan  yang merupakan artikel dari Ni Ketut Dewi Megawati. Dilanjutkan dengan prmbahasana tentang  Pengaturan Pengalihan Piutang Dari Klien Kepada Perusahaan Factor Dalam Kegiatan Anjak Piutang  oleh Anak Agung Putu Krisna Putra dan I Made Udiana. Keberadaan Perma pada tahun 2008 telah membuat hakim memiliki peran ganda yang saling bertentangan. Dampak dari posisi dan peran ganda hakim di pengadilan merupakan akumulasi dari dokumen kasus yang masih terjadi karena jumlah hakim tidak sebanding dengan intensitas kasus yang masuk dan juga karena hakim yang mendominasi proses mediasi peradilan masih sangat jarang untuk melihat keberhasilan. Hal ini lebih dalam dapat diikuti

  15. A deworming field trial with ivermectin (MSD in reindeer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Nordkvist

    1984-05-01

    vasaa (15 m + 14 f ivermectinillå (Ivomec, 1 % MSD, 1 ml vasaa kohden, ruiskutcttuna nahan alle. Loput 25 vasaa toimivat kåsittelemåttominå tarkkailuelåiminå. 21 huhtikuuta 1983 (147 påivån jålkeen punnittiin uudelleen 44 (24 kåsiteltyå + 20 tarkkailuelåintå alkuperåisistå elåimistå. Joka ryhmåstå teurastettiin 5 poroa ja ruho ja sisåelimet tutkittiin parasitoloogisesti. Kåsittelyn vaikutus oli 100% tai låhes tåydellinen seuraavia kohtaan: Oedemagena tarandi, Cephenemyia trompe, Dictyocaulus viviparus, Elapohostrongylus rangiferi sekå myoskin mitå tulee matojen munien esiintymiseen sonnassa. Vaikutus maha - ja suolistomatoihin oli, kåsittelyn ajankohdan huomioonottaen, vaikeasti ratkaistavissa. Vaikutus juoksutusmahoihin (trichostrongylida oli myos vaikeasti ratkaistavissa ja siitå keskustellaan tekstisså. Porojen ruhojen painon suhteellinen muutos, t.s. muutos suhteessa alkuperåispainoon on arvioitu ja tilastollisesti kåsitelty. Voitiin silloin todeta — ettå kaikki porot olivat kevcntyneet painossaan, — ettå kåsiteltyjen urosvasojen keskimååråinen painonvåhennys oli merkitsevåsti alhaisempi kuin kåsittelemåttomien urosvasojen, — ettå kåsiteltyjen naarasvasoien keskimååråinen painonvåhennys ei eronnut tilastollistesti kåsittelemåttomien naarasvasojen painonvåhennyksestå, — ettå koko kåsitellyn ryhmån keskimååråinen painonvåhennys oli merkitsevåsti alhaisempi kuin kåsittelemåttomåsså ryhmåsså.

  16. Stable and Unstable Behaviour of Preheated Plasma in Linear and Cusped Theta Pinches; Comportement de Plasmas Prechauffes Stables et Instables Soumis a des Strictions Azimutales Lineaires et Cuspidees; Ustojchivoe i neustojchivoe povedenie predvaritel'no nagretoj plazmy v teta-pinch razryadakh s linejnoj i antiprobkovoj geometriej; Comportamiento de Plasmas Precalentados, Estables e Inestables, Sometidos a Constricciones Azimutales de Geometria Lineal y Cuspidal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belitz, R. J.; Bogen, P.; Dippel, K. H.; Jordan, H. L.; Kugler, E.; Miyahara, A.; Noll, P.; Schlueter, J.; Witulski, H. [Association EURATOM-Kernforschungsanlage, Juelich (Germany)

    1966-04-15

    10,5 sm f, dlina 128 sm, B{sub max} = 100 kG, T{sub Vulgar-Fraction-One-Half} = 17 {mu}sec. 3. Teta-pinch razrjad v prostranstvennoj antiprobkovoj geometrii pri 10 kdzh s B{sub max} =45 kgs na osi vershinah i v oblasti shheli, radius 5,2 sm, dlina 8,5 sm. Na vseh ustanovkah prisposobleny: predvaritel'naja ionizacija s pomoshh'ju vysokochastotnogo generatora maloj moshhnosti s emkostnoj svjaz'ju, magnitnoe pole smeshhenija s peremennoj naprjazhennost'ju i poljarnost'ju, predvaritel'nyj nagrev s pomoshh'ju impul'snogo.kolebatel'nogo bezjelektrodnogo kol'cevogo razrjada, szhatie plazmy s pomoshh'ju bystrodejstvujushhej kondensatornoj batarei. Dlja nabljudenij ispol'zovalis' fotografirovanie razrjada s nepreryvnoj i kadrovoj razvertkoj vo vremeni, opticheskaja interferometrija s pomoshh'ju interferometra Maha-Cendera i differencial'nogo in- terferometra, spektroskopija v vidimoj oblasti i v oblasti mjagkih rentgenovskih luchej i magnitnye zondy. Jeti metody dajut informaciju o strukture plazmy, o profiljah plotnosti, o raspredelenii jelektronnyh i dopplerovskih ionnyh temperatur i ih izmenenii vo vremeni. V ustanovkah s linejnoj geometriej nabljudalis' kak ustojchivye tak i neustojchivye sostojanija plazmy. Putem izmenenija davlenija, polja smeshhenija, predvaritel'noj ionizacii, predvaritel'nogo nagreva i koncentracii primesej i putem narushenija simmetrii razrjadnoj trubki okazalos' vozmozhnym poluchit' informaciju ob oblastjah s ustojchivymi i neustojchivymi parametrami. Otklonenija ot simmetrii plazmennogo stolba mogut imet' mesto iz-za: 1) smeshhenij, svjazannyh s prostranstvennoj neodnorodnost'ju uderzhivajushhego magnitnogo polja, 2) osevyh dvizhenij i szhatij v plazme s zahvachennym antiparallel'nym polem i voln razrezhenija iz-za poter' na koncah, 3) vrashhenij i deformacionnyh kolebanij poperechnogo sechenija plazmy, 4) zvezdoobraznoj neustojchivosti i izverzhenij. V to vremja kak smeshhenija i osevye dvizhenija neposredstvenno svjazany s konfiguraciej