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Sample records for magdalena puczko krzysztof

  1. Biblical and liturgical themes in Krzysztof Penderecki’s activity

    Janusz Drewniak

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Krzysztof Penderecki (born 1933 is considered to be one of the most outstanding contemporary composers. The religious theme is often taken to be an inspiration for his vocal-instrumental output. Penderecki presents in his compositions the religious and moral problems related to the human nature and existence. The principal issues in his activity are a trial to find a reason of evil and misfortune and also the vision of ordeal. The composer makes use of not only biblical and liturgical texts but also religious poetry mainly in latin language. His religious output has a concert character thanks to the musician language and composing techniques. His own commentaries concerning his compositions prove that his religious activity is an artistic confession of his faith.

  2. Magdalena Ridge Observatory Interferometer: Status Update

    Creech-Eakman, M. J; Bakker, E. J; Buscher, D. F; Coleman, T. A; Haniff, C. A; Jurgenson, C. A; Klinglesmith, III, D. A; Parameswariah, C. B; Romero, V. D; Shtromberg, A. V; Young, J. S

    2006-01-01

    The Magdalena Ridge Observatory Interferometer (MROI) is a ten element optical and near-infrared imaging interferometer being built in the Magdalena mountains west of Socorro, NM at an altitude of 3230 m...

  3. [Unwanted memory, the Polish eugenic movement in between-the-wars period: side-notes to Krzysztof Kawalec's article].

    Gawin, M

    2001-01-01

    A polemical response to Krzysztof Kawalec's article 'Dispute over Eugenics in 1918-1939', published in 'Medycyna Nowizytna' ['Modern Medicine'], 2000, vol. 7, fascicle 2. In his article Krzysztof Kawalec overlooks the issue of race, which had been at the centre of the eugenic ideology, and then erroneously situates eugenicists on the political spectrum. The eugenicists were not radicals or totalitarians but constituted a group of leftist-liberal intellectuals. Their views were rejected by the Polish government circles in power at that time, not without the deterring influence of Nazi racism and the opposition of the Catholic Church. The main reason why eugenic notions suffered a defeat in pre-war Poland was the isolation and political weakness of eugenic circles. Therefore, issues relating to Polish eugenics during the two decades between the two World Wars should be consigned to a much greater degree to the realm of learning and social movements rather than to the political sphere.

  4. The Plio-Quaternary Magdalena Turbidite System

    Estrada, Ferran; Alonso, Belén; Ercilla, Gemma

    2011-01-01

    2006. Estrada F., Alonso B., Ercilla G. The Plio-Quaternary Magdalena Turbidite System. SEPM/Geological Society of London conference “External Controls on Deepwater Depositional Systems”, to be held at the Geological Society in Piccadilly, London, March 27th to 29th.

  5. New discoveries in Upper and Middle Magdalena

    Carta Petrolera

    1998-01-01

    In six association contracts and one risk participation contract may give Colombia the possibility of finding new oil reserves. These prospects, located in the Upper and Middle Magdalena Valleys and the Eastern Plains. the completion process, evaluation, confirmation and commercialization should be in the next two years, these new discoveries also reveal interesting geological aspects; some in fractured limestone, similar to the found at Maracaibo lake in Venezuela, where vast oil fields were discovered

  6. Hydrological Modelling the Middle Magdalena Valley (Colombia)

    Arenas, M. C.; Duque, N.; Arboleda, P.; Guadagnini, A.; Riva, M.; Donado-Garzon, L. D.

    2017-12-01

    Hydrological distributed modeling is key point for a comprehensive assessment of the feedback between the dynamics of the hydrological cycle, climate conditions and land use. Such modeling results are markedly relevant in the fields of water resources management, natural hazards and oil and gas industry. Here, we employ TopModel (TOPography based hydrological MODEL) for the hydrological modeling of an area in the Middle Magdalena Valley (MMV), a tropical basin located in Colombia. This study is located over the intertropical convergence zone and is characterized by special meteorological conditions, with fast water fluxes over the year. It has been subject to significant land use changes, as a result of intense economical activities, i.e., and agriculture, energy and oil & gas production. The model employees a record of 12 years of daily precipitation and evapotranspiration data as inputs. Streamflow data monitored across the same time frame are used for model calibration. The latter is performed by considering data from 2000 to 2008. Model validation then relies on observations from 2009 to 2012. The robustness of our analyses is based on the Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient (values of this metric being 0.62 and 0.53, respectively for model calibration and validation). Our results reveal high water storage capacity in the soil, and a marked subsurface runoff, consistent with the characteristics of the soil types in the regions. A significant influence on runoff response of the basin to topographical factors represented in the model is evidenced. Our calibrated model provides relevant indications about recharge in the region, which is important to quantify the interaction between surface water and groundwater, specially during the dry season, which is more relevant in climate-change and climate-variability scenarios.

  7. Chilean Teachers Begin Exchange Program Visit in Magdalena

    2007-01-01

    Two teachers from the town of San Pedro de Atacama, in the northern desert of the South American nation of Chile, arrive in Magdalena, New Mexico, Sunday, January 28, for a two-week visit that is part of a Sister Cities program sponsored by Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI), the nonprofit research corporation that operates the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO). They will be accompanied by their town's mayor. Myriam Nancy Rivera Mercado, Head of the high school in San Pedro, Gabriela Fernanda Rodriguez Moraleda, a tourism teacher there, and San Pedro Mayor Sandra Berna Martinez will begin a visit that includes classroom observations in the Magdalena schools, a reception hosted by the Magdalena Village Council, and a Mayor's Breakfast with Magdalena Mayor Jim Wolfe. They also will meet local residents, tour the Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge with a second-grade class, visit an area ranch, tour the Very Large Array (VLA) radio telescope, and see Socorro's Community Arts Party. "These teachers will learn much about New Mexico, the United States, and our educational system, and will take this new knowledge back to their students and their community," said NRAO Education Officer Robyn Harrison. The visit is part of a Sister Cities program initiated and funded by AUI, which operates the NRAO for the U.S. National Science Foundation. Radio astronomy is a common link between San Pedro de Atacama and Magdalena. San Pedro is near the site of the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), an international telescope project now under construction with funding by major partners in North America, Europe, and Japan. Magdalena is near the site of NRAO's VLA radio telescope. In Magdalena, the Village Council and Mayor Wolfe formalized their participation in the Sister Cities program last September, and San Pedro ratified the program in December. In San Pedro, the ceremony ratifying the agreement was attended by U.S. Ambassador to Chile Craig K

  8. Odwracanie ról. Odpowiedź na artykuł Krzysztofa Saji (Role Reversals - A Reply to Krzysztof Saja's "Thought Experiments and Utilitarianism"

    Wlodek Rabinowicz

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In “Thought Experiments and Utilitarianism”, which is a comment on my “Utilitarianism by Way of Preference Change?”, Krzysztof Saja delineates three alternative ways in which one might interpret Richard Hare’s famous thought experiments involving role reversals. He suggests that each of them would underwrite Hare’s claim that moral deliberation transforms an interpersonal conflict of preferences into an intrapersonal one, which obtains between the deliberator’s own preferences. In this reply to Saja (“Role Reversals”, I discuss the three proposals in turn and argue that the first two do not solve the problem. The third one, which was already considered in my original paper, is based on Zeno Vendler’s suggestion that role reversals in moral thought-experiments are merely different ‘takes’ on one and the same real situation, as seen from different subjective perspectives. I argue that, in order to succeed in transforming interpersonal preference conflicts into intrapersonal ones, this proposal requires equating empathy with sympathy, which Hare would not be prepared to do.

  9. Geochemical evaluation of the middle Magdalena basing Colombia

    Ramon, J.C; Dzou, L; Giraldo, B

    1997-01-01

    The chemical composition of 25 crude oils from Tertiary reservoirs and 12 rock extracts from five organic-rich Cretaceous formations in the middle Magdalena Basin, Colombia were studied in detail by geochemical methods in order to understand their genetic relationships. The oils have been geochemically classified into four main groups based on the sulfur content, pristane/phytane, dibenzothiophene /phenanthrene, concentrations of oleanane and terpane distributions. Each group occurs in different geographic locations. Oils were mainly derived from calcareous, siliciclastic and mixture of these two facies of the Upper Cretaceous La Luna Formation. Source-oil correlation is supported by sterane and terpane distributions of and carbon isotope ratios. Some oils in the eastern margin contain relatively higher concentrations of higher plant indicators than the remaining oil samples. The molecular compositions of the oils observed in this study appear to be consistent with the inferred depositional sequence of anoxic marine/pelagic carbonate facies in the north/western sector of the Middle Magdalena, while the eastern sector received a higher proportion of clastic input. This documentation supports the interpretation that the Middle Magdalena oils have been generated 'locally', as opposed to have migrated from the region of the Eastern Cordillera. Biomarker maturity parameters indicate that the majority of oils were generated in the early thermal maturity oil window except the Colorado-38 oil, which was generated in the middle thermal maturity oil window. Oil maturity data also supports the short migration distances of oils from the early-mature source rocks to the reservoir rocks. The composition of some oils (e.g., La Cira, Infantas, Conde and Bonanza) is unusual in that gas chromatographic data contains an n-alkane and isoprenoid distribution normally associated with moderately degraded oils, but they also contain a relatively high abundance of gasoline hydrocarbons

  10. Environmental impact reduction through ecological planning at Bahia Magdalena, Mexico.

    Malagrino, Giovanni; Lagunas, Magdalena; Rubio, Alfredo Ortega

    2008-03-01

    For analyzing basic marine and coastal characteristics we selected the potential sites where shrimp culture could be developed in a large coastal zone, Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur, Mexico. Based on our analysis, 6 sites were preselected and field stages of work were then developed to assess the precise suitability of each site in order to develop the proposed aquaculture activities. In ranking the suitability we were able to recommend the most appropriate places to develop shrimp culture in this region. Also, knowing the exact biological, physico-chemical and social environment, we determined the best species to cultivate, the recommended total area and the methodology to be used to lessen the environmental impact and to obtain the maximum profitability Our methodology could be used not only to select appropriate sites for shrimp culture in other coastal lagoons, but it also could be applied to assess the suitability in a quick and accurate way, of any other production activity in coastal zones.

  11. Petroleum systems of the Upper Magdalena Valley, Colombia

    Sarmiento, L.F.; Rangel, A. [Instituto Colombiano del Petroleo, Bucaramanga (Colombia). ECOPETROL

    2004-03-01

    In the Upper Magdalena Valley, Colombia, four petroleum systems were identified. Two petroleum systems are located in the Girardot sub-basin and the other two in the Neiva sub- basin. Limestones laterally changing to shales of the lower part of the Villeta Gp, deposited during Albian and Turonian marine flooding events, constitutes the main source rocks of the oil families. These rocks contain 1-4% TOC and type II kerogen. The littoral quartz arenites of the Caballos (Albian) and Monserrate (Maastrichtian) Fms. are the main reservoir rocks. Seal rocks are Cretaceous and Paleocene shales. Overburden includes the Cretaceous rocks and the Tertiary molasse deposited simultaneously with development of two opposite verging thrust systems during Cenozoic time. These deformation events were responsible for trap creation. Except for the Villarrica area, where the source rock reached maturity during the Paleocene, generation occurred during Miocene. Two oil families are identified, each in both sub-basins: One derived from a clay-rich source and the second from a carbonate-rich source rock lithofacies of the lower part of Villeta Gp. Geochemical source-rock to oil correlations are demonstrated for the three of the petroleum systems. Up-dip lateral migration distances are relatively short and faults served as vertical migration pathways. A huge amount of oil was probably degraded at surface, as a result of Miocene deformation and erosion. (author)

  12. Local magnitude scale for Valle Medio del Magdalena region, Colombia

    Londoño, John Makario; Romero, Jaime A.

    2017-12-01

    A local Magnitude (ML) scale for Valle Medio del Magdalena (VMM) region was defined by using 514 high quality earthquakes located at VMM area and inversion of 2797 amplitude values of horizontal components of 17 stations seismic broad band stations, simulated in a Wood-Anderson seismograph. The derived local magnitude scale for VMM region was: ML =log(A) + 1.3744 ∗ log(r) + 0.0014776 ∗ r - 2.397 + S Where A is the zero-to-peak amplitude in nm in horizontal components, r is the hypocentral distance in km, and S is the station correction. Higher values of ML were obtained for VMM region compared with those obtained with the current formula used for ML determination, and with California formula. With this new scale ML values are adjusted to local conditions beneath VMM region leading to more realistic ML values. Moreover, with this new ML scale the seismicity caused by tectonic or fracking activity at VMM region can be monitored more accurately.

  13. Impact analysis of satellite rainfall products on flow simulations in the Magdalena River Basin, Colombia

    Amr Elgamal

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The Magdalena River is the most important river in Colombia in terms of economic activities and is home to about 77% of the country’s population. The river faces water resources allocation challenges, which require reliable hydrological assessments. However, hydrological analysis and model simulations are hampered by insufficient and uncertain knowledge of the actual rainfall fields. In this research the reliability of groundbased measurements, different satellite products of rainfall and their combinations are tested for their impact on the discharge simulations of the Magdalena River. Two different satellite rainfall products from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM, have been compared and merged with the ground-based measurements and their impact on the Magdalena river flows quantified using the Representative Elementary Watershed (REW distributed hydrological model.

  14. Mathematical Model Of Dispersion Of Pollutants In The Magdalena River Using Tracer; Modelo Matematico de Dispersion de Contaminantes en el Rio Magdalena utilizando trazadores

    Fiesco V, Yolanda; Ruiz V, Fernando A

    1992-07-01

    The constant increase of the indexes of contamination of the Magdalena river either caused by the riverside populations or by flowing as the Bogota, Cauca, San Jorge rivers and other forecast hopeless consequences at National level as much in the social field as in the economic one. We consider that the results obtained in this study will contribute thoroughly in the knowledge of the river and later, they will be taken as a fundamental tool in studies that the National Government will undertake, if it wants to save the most important fluvial system in the country from contamination. This project of technical cooperation undersigned between the IAEA and the IAN on behalf of Colombian Government, refers to the use of isotopic techniques to determine hydraulic parameters of the Magdalena river. The scheme of the river included in this study covers the outlet of Bogota River in Girardot, until its outlet in Barranquilla.

  15. Assessment of continuous oil and gas resources in the Middle and Upper Magdalena Basins, Colombia, 2017

    Schenk, Christopher J.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Le, Phuong A.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Finn, Thomas M.; Hawkins, Sarah J.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Marra, Kristen R.; Klett, Timothy R.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.; Woodall, Cheryl A.

    2017-09-22

    Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated mean undiscovered, technically recoverable continuous resources of 0.45 billion barrels of oil and 1.0 trillion cubic feet of gas in the Middle and Upper Magdalena Basins, Colombia.

  16. Prevalencia del suicidio femenino en el departamento del Magdalena (Colombia: 2004-2010

    Diego Pérez Manjarrez

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Title:  Prevalence of suicide girls in the department of Magdalena (Colombia: 2004-2010.ResumenEl suicidio es considerado una de las principales causas de muerte en el mundo, y por tanto es un problema de salud pública a nivel mundial. Se ha definido como aquella conducta en la cual el ser humano que logra terminar con su vida de manera voluntaria. Se efectuó un estudio descriptivo longitudinal retrospectivo, tomando como base los registros de los suicidios de mujeres para el departamento del Magdalena en el período 2004-2010, suministrados por el Instituto de Medicina Legal y Ciencias Forenses, regional Santa Marta. La presente investigación encontró que durante el periodo 2004-2010 en el departamento del Magdalena se presentaron 206 suicidios, de los cuales 30 (14.5% fueron consumados por mujeres, de las cuales dos (6.66% eran adolescentes. Se concluye que la prevalencia del suicidio femenino en el periodo estudiado fue del 14.5%. (DUAZARY 2012 No. 1, 87 - 93AbstractSuicide is considered a major cause of death in the world, therefore, is a public health problem worldwide. Suicide is defined as that human behavior that does end his life voluntarily. We conducted a retrospective, longitudinal study, based on records supplied by the Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences, Santa Marta region for the period 2004-2010 of suicides by women for the Department of Magdalena. This investigation found that during the period 2004 to 2010 in the department of Magdalena showed 206 suicides, of which 30 (14.5% were accomplished by women, and of these, two women (6.66% were adolescents. It is concluded that the prevalence of female suicide in the study period was 14.5%.Keywords: Suicide; sex; women; prevalence. (MeSH.

  17. La participación ciudadana en la construcción del espacio público de la parroquia la Magdalena. Período 2009 - 2014

    Santacruz Cevallos, Mónica Patricia

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the levels of public participation in the construction of public space in the parish of La Magdalena, and the impact they have this space in local development thereof, the theoretical framework developed for understanding processes existing citizen participation in the parish of La Magdalena and its relation to the construction of public space in it. In chapter two the development and territorial occupation of the parish of La Magdalena and cultural e...

  18. Acumulación capitalista y nueva espacialidad en el Magdalena Medio

    Christian A. Moreno Sarmiento

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo se propone identificar y presentar las tendencias del desarrollo capitalista en el Magdalena Medio colombiano desde el siglo XX, así como las relaciones con las dinámicas de acumulación nacional y global. Sostenemos que la producción social del espacio denominado Magdalena Medio ha seguido la ruta de procesos de acumulación por desposesión, ya sea en sus formas de vinculación a la lógica de producción capitalista o en las transformaciones de las formas de producción capitalistas allí donde ya existen; procesos que han estado atravesados por reconfiguraciones en las relaciones de poder de clase, del régimen político y de la dinámica del conflicto social y armado.

  19. Fluvial fluxes from the Magdalena River into Cartagena Bay, Caribbean Colombia: Trends, future scenarios, and connections with upstream human impacts

    Restrepo, Juan D.; Escobar, Rogger; Tosic, Marko

    2018-02-01

    Fluxes of continental runoff and sediments as well as downstream deposition of eroded soils have severely altered the structure and function of fluvial and deltaic-estuarine ecosystems. The Magdalena River, the main contributor of continental fluxes into the Caribbean Sea, delivers important amounts of water and sediments into Cartagena Bay, a major estuarine system in northern Colombia. Until now, trends in fluvial fluxes into the bay, as well as the relationship between these tendencies in fluvial inputs and associated upstream changes in the Magdalena catchment, have not been studied. Here we explore the interannual trends of water discharge and sediment load flowing from the Magdalena River-Canal del Dique system into Cartagena Bay during the last three decades, forecast future scenarios of fluxes into the bay, and discuss possible connections between observed trends in fluvial inputs and trends in human intervention in the Magdalena River basin. Significant upward trends in annual runoff and sediment load during the mid-1980s, 1990s, and post-2000 are observed in the Magdalena and in the Canal del Dique flowing into Cartagena Bay. During the last decade, Magdalena streamflow and sediment load experienced increases of 24% and 33%, respectively, compared to the pre-2000 year period. Meanwhile, the Canal del Dique witnessed increases in water discharge and sediment load of 28% and 48%, respectively. During 26 y of monitoring, the Canal del Dique has discharged 177 Mt of sediment to the coastal zone, of which 52 Mt was discharged into Cartagena Bay. Currently, the Canal drains 6.5% and transports 5.1% of the Magdalena water discharge and sediment load. By 2020, water discharge and sediment flux from the Canal del Dique flowing to the coastal zone will witness increments of 164% and 260%, respectively. Consequently, sediment fluxes into Cartagena Bay will witness increments as high as 8.2 Mt y- 1 or 317%. Further analyses of upstream sediment load series for 21

  20. Pollution by metals and toxicity assessment using Caenorhabditis elegans in sediments from the Magdalena River, Colombia

    Tejeda-Benitez, Lesly; Flegal, Russell; Odigie, Kingsley; Olivero-Verbel, Jesus

    2016-01-01

    The Magdalena River is the most important river in Colombia, supplying over 70% of the population of fish and drinking water, and it also is the main river transportation way of the country. It receives effluents from multiple sources along its course such as contaminant agricultural and industrial discharges. To evaluate the toxicity profile of Magdalena River sediments through endpoints such as survival, locomotion, and growth, wild type strains of Caenorhabditis elegans were exposed to aqueous extracts of the sediments. To identify changes in gene expression, GFP transgenic strains were used as reporter genes. Physiological and biochemical data were correlated with metal concentration in the sediments, identifying patterns of toxicity along the course of the river. Levels of some metals such as Cd, Cu, and Ni were above TEC and PEC limits. Effects in survival, growth, and locomotion were observed in most of the samples, and changes in gene expression were evident in the genes mtl-2, sod-4, and gst-1 using fluorescence expression. Cadmium and lead were the metals which were primarily associated with sediment toxicity, and the sampling sites with the highest increased expression of stress response genes were Barrancabermeja and Girardot. However, the diverse nature of toxic profiles observed in C. elegans in the study area showed the pervasiveness of different types of discharges throughout the river system. - Highlights: • The Magdalena River has high levels of some metals such as Cd, Cu, and Ni. • Most sediment extracts affected lethality, growth, and locomotion of C. elegans. • Sediment extracts induced expression changes in mtl-2, sod-4, and gst-1. • Sediment toxicity was primarily associated with Cd and Pb. • Highest toxicity was observed for samples collected in mining and industrial areas. - In Magdalena River sediments, Cd and Pb were associated with toxicity in Caenorhabditis elegans and expression of stress response genes were related to

  1. Simulating Spatial Variability of Fluvial Sediment Fluxes Within the Magdalena Drainage Basin, Colombia.

    Kettner, A. J.; Syvitski, J. P.; Restrepo, J. D.

    2008-12-01

    This study explores the application of an empirical sediment flux model BQART, to simulate long-term sediment fluxes of major tributaries of a river system based on a limited number of input parameters. We validate model results against data of the 1612 km long Magdalena River, Colombia, South America, which is well monitored. The Magdalena River, draining a hinterland area of 257,438 km2, of which the majority lies in the Andes before reaching the Atlantic coast, is known for its high sediment yield, 560 t kg- 2 yr-1; higher than nearby South American rivers like the Amazon or the Orinoco River. Sediment fluxes of 32 tributary basins of the Magdalena River were simulated based on the following controlling factors: geomorphic influences (tributary-basin area and relief) derived from high-resolution Shuttle Radar Topography Mission data, tributary basin-integrated lithology based on GIS analysis of lithology data, 30year temperature data, and observed monthly mean discharge data records (varying in record length of 15 to 60 years). Preliminary results indicate that the simulated sediment flux of all 32 tributaries matches the observational record, given the observational error and the annual variability. These simulations did not take human influences into account yet, which often increases sediment fluxes by accelerating erosion, especially in steep mountainous area similar to the Magdalena. Simulations indicate that, with relatively few input parameters, mostly derived from remotely-sensed data or existing compiled GIS datasets, it is possible to predict: which tributaries in an arbitrary river drainage produce relatively high contributions to sediment yields, and where in the drainage basin you might expect conveyance loss.

  2. Applying ARIMA model for annual volume time series of the Magdalena River

    Gloria Amaris; Humberto Ávila; Thomas Guerrero

    2017-01-01

    Context: Climate change effects, human interventions, and river characteristics are factors that increase the risk on the population and the water resources. However, negative impacts such as flooding, and river droughts may be previously identified using appropriate numerical tools. Objectives: The annual volume (Millions of m3/year) time series of the Magdalena River was analyzed by an ARIMA model, using the historical time series of the Calamar station (Instituto de Hidrología, Meteoro...

  3. Analysis of social responsibility practices and actions. A case study in Cun corporation. Magdalena region

    Devinso Jiménez Sierra

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The project will analyze the policies, practices and social responsibility plans of the Unified Regional Higher Education Corporation Magdalena today, in order to promote corporate memory related to CSR through a measurement model based on eight indicators related to changing economic, social and environmental stakelholders practices. The analysis also seeks to measure the correlation between CSR practices implemented and perceived levels of the most influential stakeholders of the corporation.

  4. Un río difícil. El Magdalena: historia ambiental, navegabilidad y desarrollo

    Germán Márquez Calle

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El río Magdalena fue por siglos la principal y casi obligada vía de comunicación desde el interior de Colombia con el Caribe y el mundo, a pesar de que su navegación siempre fue difícil como se muestra en este artículo, basado en testimonios de viaje y otras fuentes. Las dificultades, atribuibles a causas naturales como lo empinado y erosionable de la cuenca, que propician formación de bancos de arena y mucho torrencial, se agravan luego por la deforestación. La navegación colapsará finalmente, por esta y otras causas, en la década de 1960. Pero ya desde el siglo XVIII se exploraban alternativas de transporte que se encontrarán en la salida al Pacífico, mediante ferrocarriles y carreteras empezadas terminando el siglo XIX. Las nuevas vías, y la apertura del Canal de Panamá en 1914, impulsarán el desarrollo de Cali, Buenaventura y del occidente del país, en detrimento del Caribe y especialmente de Barranquilla que, a través del Magdalena, habían sido eje del comercio exterior colombiano. Evidencia científica explica las dificultades naturales; luego, un panorama de la deforestación explica su agravamiento. Actualmente hay proyectos ambiciosos para devolver navegabilidad al río, en un proceso riesgoso donde parece importante recordar que el Magdalena siempre fue un río difícil.

  5. Estrategias de aprendizaje y rendimiento académico en una Institución Educativa de Magdalena 2014

    Viaña Frit, Carmen Cecilia

    2015-01-01

    La investigación titulada, “Uso de las estrategias de aprendizaje y el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes del VII ciclo del nivel secundaria de la I.E. Francisco Bolognesi de Magdalena 2014”, cuyo objetivo fue determinar la relación que existe entre el uso de las estrategias de aprendizaje y el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes del VII ciclo del nivel secundaria de la I.E. Francisco Bolognesi de Magdalena 2014, como un aporte al análisis, descripción y explicación ...

  6. Ciénaga (Magdalena, una región administrativa o municipio de enclave

    Luis Humberto Hernández

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El análisis sobre las regiones de enclave, el caso del municipio de Ciénaga, en el Magdalena, nos permitió concluir que su proceso de modernización estuvo determinado por la presencia de la empresa multinacional bananera United Fruit Company. La multinacional bananera fue la que introdujo en la región el trabajo asalariado moderno, dislocando las formas serviles y premodernas existentes. Al atraer la mano de obra servil regional, que utilizaban las haciendas ganaderas, y convertirla en mano de obra asalariada, fundamentó sus procesos socioeconómicos y político administrativo modernos.

  7. Una nueva especie de bolitoglossa (caudata: plethodontidae) de las selvas del magdalena medio en colombia

    Acosta Galvis, Andrés R.; Restrepo, Ana E.

    2010-01-01

    Se describe una nueva especie del genero Bolitoglossa del grupo alfa (sensu Wake & Lynch, 1976) denominada Bolitoglossa lozanoi de las selvas húmedas relictuales del valle del Río Magdalena en La Cordillera Central de Colombia (loe. typ.: Río La Miel, Mpio. La Victoria, Departamento de Caldas, 500 m.s.n.m.); la nueva especie es reconocible por su cuerpo robusto, las palmeaduras manuales y pediales extensas, su patrón cromático ventral café con punteaduras café más oscuras y crema, ojos no pro...

  8. El Programa de Desarrollo y Paz del Magdalena Medio y la Red Prodepaz

    María del Rosario Saavedra

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Debido al largo y complejo conflicto armado que afecta a Colombia, han surgido en las diferentes regiones organizaciones que plantean alternativas para una convivencia en paz y un desarrollo compatible con la inclusión social. El Magdalena Medio cuenta con uno de los programas más vigorosos en esta materia. En este artículo la autora comparte su experiencia en este programa y expone los principales conceptos y características metodológicas que han permitido sostener y expandir este esfuerzo colectivo durante varios años.

  9. Un río difícil. El Magdalena: historia ambiental, navegabilidad y desarrollo

    Germán Márquez Calle

    2016-01-01

    El río Magdalena fue por siglos la principal y casi obligada vía de comunicación desde el interior de Colombia con el Caribe y el mundo, a pesar de que su navegación siempre fue difícil como se muestra en este artículo, basado en testimonios de viaje y otras fuentes. Las dificultades, atribuibles a causas naturales como lo empinado y erosionable de la cuenca, que propician formación de bancos de arena y mucho torrencial, se agravan luego por la deforestación...

  10. Una nueva especie de Bolitoglossa (Caudata: Plethodontidae de las selvas del Magdalena Medio en Colombia

    Acosta Galvis Andrés R.

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Se describe una nueva especie del genero Bolitoglossa del grupo alfa (sensu Wake & Lynch, 1976 denominada Bolitoglossa lozanoi de las selvas húmedas relictuales del valle del Río Magdalena en La Cordillera Central de Colombia (loe. typ.: Río La Miel, Mpio. La Victoria, Departamento de Caldas, 500 m.s.n.m.; la nueva especie es reconocible por su cuerpo robusto, las palmeaduras manuales y pediales extensas, su patrón cromático ventral café con punteaduras café más oscuras y crema, ojos no protuberantes y la talla corporal relativamente grande entre las especies de salamandras del país. A new species of the genus Bolitoglossa, of the alpha group (sensu Wake & Lynch, 1976 named Bolitoglossa lozanoi from the relictual humid forest from the Magdalena Valley on the eastern slope ofthe central Andes Mountain range in Colombia (type locality: La Miel River, Mpio. La Victoria, Dept. of Caldas, 500 m.s.n.m.. The new species is mainly recognized by the presence of a robust body, extensively webbed hands and toes, a brownish ventral chromatic pattern with small darker brown and cream dots, non-protuberant eyes and a relatively large size.

  11. Assessment of The Pajarales Complex Rotiferofauna during The Rainy Season, Departamento de Magdalena, Colombia

    Celis, Sebastian; Mancera, Ernesto; Jenny A Leon

    2008-01-01

    In order to assess the potential effects of the Magdalena River recommunication with its former delta, we studied the abundance and composition of the rotiferofauna of the Pajarales Complex (PC) during its highest annual zooplankton abundance. We selected the Rotifera phylum, due to its high reproductive rates and the efficiency in energetic transformation process. We sampled the rotifers with a van Dorn bottle, during the second rainy season in 2006. During each sampling we registered salinity, temperature, pH, and dissolved oxygen. We calculated the rotifer diversity using the Shannon-Wiener H (log10) index comparing among sampling sites and sampling dates to establish variations along the study period. The physico-chemical variables were graphically related with the diversity values calculated using 0.05 for ??and 95% for the confidence interval. We found a total of 20 morpho types belonged to Brachionidae, Lecanidae, Filiniidae, Synchaetidae, exarthriidae and Testudinellidae families, been Brachionidae and Lecanidae the most abundant. The relationships between diversity and physico-chemical variables, show salinity as the main responsible of the rotifer diversity; in conclusion, the current rotiferofauna in the PC is most abundant and diverse than 16 years ago, before the recommunication with the Magdalena River. Likewise, dissolved oxygen concentration, pH and salinity of the CP waters were different. Taking into account that salinity was the most influent factor in the rotiferofauna diversity; the river recomommunication probably favored the increment of rotiferofauna diversity in the PC

  12. Elementos críticos sobre cooperación internacional en el Magdalena Medio colombiano

    Edgar Alberto Zamora Aviles

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo se propone aportar elementos críticos sobre la cooperación internacional, en particular sobre la cooperación europea, en el Magdalena Medio durante la primera década del siglo XXI. Partiendo de que los flujos de capital de la cooperación internacional para el desarrollo no son políticamente neutros y están condicionadospor los intereses geopolíticos y geoeconómicos de los donantes, sostenemos que la cooperación en esta región ha contribuido a consolidar nuevas espacialidades capitalistas en favor de la acumulación global y en detrimento de las propuestas de desarrollo territorial que han construido las comunidades de esta región. Este proceso ha operado bajo distintas modalidades de acumulación por desposesión en medio de la crisis humanitaria que ha generado el desarrollo del conflicto social y armado. En el Magdalena Medio uno de los escenarios de desposesión más destacados es el de la agroindustria palmera.

  13. Los archivos notariales como fuente histórica:una visión desde la zona bananera del Magdalena

    Adriana Mercedes Corso

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es una exploración metodológica e historiográfica de los registrosnotariales y surge de nuestro estudio en curso de la zona bananera delMagdalena desde 1890 hasta 1930. Nuestro propósito es alertar a los estudiantesde historia sobre algunas

  14. Irene Galeano: El saber de una partera tradicional del Magdalena medio Irene Galeano: the knowledge of a traditional midwife in the Magdalena zone

    Celmira Laza Vásquez

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Madeleine Leininger en su teoría enfermería transcultural, pone énfasis en la coherencia entre las intervenciones de enfermería y el sistema de valores así como el contexto cultural que rodea al sujeto de cuidado. Por tanto la enfermera debe buscar estrategias que le permitan ser sensible a la concepción que tienen las personas de sus problemas de salud con el fin de mediar entre el contexto cultural y las necesidades de cuidado de la persona. Por medio de un relato biográfico se da la oportunidad a los sujetos de cuidado de expresar la complejidad de su realidad y sobre todo la experiencia de la persona frente sus procesos de salud - enfermedad. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo narrar en la voz de su protagonista, la experiencia de vida de una partera tradicional de la región del Magdalena medio colombiano. En la narración, se entrecruzan las creencias y acervos culturales propios de la región rural del departamento de Antioquia y que determinan las prácticas de cuidado para la atención de la mujer durante el parto y el puerperio.Madeleine Leininger in her theory of multicultural infirmary emphasizes coherence, participation, system of values and patient’s treatment as well. For this reason infirmary must find strategies allowing the concept of sensibility and the awareness people have of their health problems in order to deal with their own urban context and their needs for self care through a biographic narration. The patients have the opportunity to express their true reality and mainly their own experience about health and illness - process. The purpose of this article is to reveal experiences narrated by the protagonist (an urban midwife from the Magdalena region, "a Colombian area". This true story is full of believes and unique cultural details from the rural region of the department (state of Antioquia where they set methods for woman’s care during delivery and after it.

  15. Managing water scarcity in the Magdalena river basin in Colombia.An economic assessment

    Bolivar Lobato, Martha Isabel; Schneider, Uwe A.

    2014-05-01

    Key words: global change, water scarcity, river basin In Colombia, serious water conflicts began to emerge with the economic development in the 70ies and 80ies and the term "water scarcity" became a common word in this tropical country. Despite a mean annual runoff of 1840 mm, which classifies Colombia as a water rich country, shortfalls in fresh water availability have become a frequent event in the last two decades. One reason for the manifestation of water scarcity is the long-held perception of invulnerable water abundance, which has delayed technical and political developments to use water more efficiently. The Magdalena watershed is the most important and complex area in Colombia, because of its huge anthropogenic present, economic development and increasing environmental problems. This river basin has a total area of 273,459 km2, equivalent to 24% of the territory of the country. It is home to 79% of the country's population (32.5 million of inhabitants) and approximately 85% of Gross Domestic Product of Colombia is generated in this area. Since the economic development of the 1970s and 1980s, large changes in land cover and related environmental conditions have occurred in the Magdalena basin. These changes include deforestation, agricultural land expansion, soil degradation, lower groundwater and increased water pollution. To assess the consequences of geophysical alteration and economic development, we perform an integrated analysis of water demand, water supply, land use changes and possible water management strategies. The main objective of this study is to determine how global and local changes affect the balance between water supply and demand in the Magdalena river basin in Colombia, the consequences of different water pricing schemes, and the social benefits of public or private investments into various water management infrastructures. To achieve this goal, a constrained welfare maximization model has been developed. The General Algebraic Modeling

  16. Obtención de secuencias microsatelitales especie especificas para Plagioscion magdalenae (Pisces:Sciaenidae

    Natalia Juliana Bayona-Vásquez

    2007-08-01

    en la parte baja de la cuenca del río Magdalena y en la cuenca del río San Jorge, Colombia, en donde cada vez su comercialización cobra fuerza debido al desplazamiento y disminución en los volúmenes de captura de otras especies como el bagre rayado y bocachico. Lo cual ha llevado a la comúnmente llamada pacora a catalogarse en estado de vulnerabilidad en las cuencas colombianas. Lo anterior, hace necesario la generación de información que sirva de sustento a programas de conservación y uso sostenible de la especie. Una primera aproximación a las poblaciones de P. magdalenae puede ser hecha a través de marcadores moleculares microsatelitales, útiles en trabajos de genética de poblaciones, conservación y manejo de recursos biológicos. Sin embargo, la principal dificultad de los microsatélites es que deben ser aislados de novo para aquellas especies que van a ser evaluadas por primera vez, lo que lleva a la necesidad de obtener primers para la especie. En este trabajo, inicialmente se obtuvo un ADN de buena calidad útil para amplificaciones a partir de muestras de músculo colectadas en cuatro puntos de la cuenca del río San Jorge; posteriormente, se aislaron primers microsatelitales especie-específicos para P. magdalenae mediante amplificación cruzada con primers de otras especies de peces lejanas, entre las cuales se encuentra: Pseudoplatystoma corruscans, Pimelodella chagressi, Prochilodus argenteus y Prochilodus costatus. Para lo anterior, fue necesario modificar y estandarizar protocolos de amplificación mediante cambios en temperatura de alineamiento y concentración de reactivos; y por último se realizó el secuenciamiento de regiones flanqueantes y motivos de repetición en aquellos sistemas que presentaron resultados positivos, de esta forma, se diseñaron primers de regiones microsatélite para la especie. De los trece sistemas evaluados, de las cuatro especies, se obtuvo amplificación positiva de seis. Por medio de la t

  17. Three new species of Hemibrycon (Characiformes: Characidae from the Magdalena River Basin, Colombia

    César Román-Valencia

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Fish biodiversity of aquatic ecosystems is highly threatened by different economic activities driven by human populations, and its description is increasingly a priority. For the Cauca-Magdalena River system we have described 14 species, and the purpose of this paper was to describe three new species belonging to the same genus Hemibrycon from the Nare and Guatapé River drainages of the middle Magdalena River, Colombia. The description was based on a series of 200 specimens, and the use of morphometric, meristic and osteological characters, as well as fish distribution and morphogeometric analytical methods. We have found that Hemibrycon fasciatus n. sp. (n=54 differs from other species of Hemibrycon (that also have a vertical humeral spot in having: melanophores outlining the posterior margins of the scales along sides of body; humeral spot extending onto posterior margin of opercle; a dark lateral stripe, formed by deep pigment that is continuous with the peduncular spot; the toothed portion of the maxilla not reaching the dorsal margin of the dentary (vs. toothed portion of maxilla extending beyond dorsal margin of dentary; all maxillary teeth tricuspid (vs. some unicuspid teeth present on maxilla. H. cardalensis n. sp. (n=64 differs in having: a vertically elongate humeral spot that extends one or two scales below the lateral line canal. H. cardalensis n. sp. differs from all congeners in having the pigment of the caudal spot restricted to the ventral half of the caudal peduncle, and in having melanophores around the anterior scales of the lateral line. Hemibrycon antioquiae n. sp. (n=82 differs in having a circular humeral spot. It differs from the other species with a circular humeral spot, like H. mikrostiktos, in having a projection of disperse melanophores extending from the dorsal margin of the humeral spot to below the lateral stripe. Habitat data and environmental impacts caused by the construction of reservoirs for hydroelectric

  18. Kust koolil oma eelarvet veel kärpida annaks? / Maria-Magdalena Jürvetson, Aivar Saarela, Matti Martinson ... [jt.

    2009-01-01

    Küsimusele vastavad Virtsu Põhikooli direktor Maria-Magdalena Jürvetson, Avinurme Gümnaasiumi direktor Aivar Saarela, Rahumäe Põhikooli direktor Matti Martinson, Muhu Põhikooli direktor Senta Room ja Palivere Põhikooli direktor Tõnis Peikel

  19. The wetlands of Magdalena medio Antioqueno from a physical and socio-cultural perspective

    Caballero Acosta, Humberto; Durango Lopez, Consuelo; Giraldo Castro, Carlos Augusto

    2001-01-01

    Wetlands are ecosystems with environmental and ecological importance that require of a new methodological and legal focus that allows developing conservation policies in agreement with the natural and socio-cultural conditions. In the Magdalena Medio Antioqueno, CORANTIOQUIA region, were recognized 362 wetlands, divided in two main groups; in Puerto Nare and Puerto Berrio to the south prevails herbaceous wetlands without permanent surface water, locally known as Bajos. In Yondo the wetlands have permanent surface water. The environmental dynamic depends from the geomorphologic and hydrological conditions and are affected in a differential way by the human action. The region is the result of a long occupation process that begins in prehistoric times and had changed depending on the different historical moments. This complex social configuration has given origin to diverse perceptions and types of appropriation of the wetlands what explains the identified environmental circumstances

  20. Characterization of the vegetation of the park road, Island of Salamanca, Magdalena - Colombia

    Tavera Escobar, Hector Arsenio; Gamba Cubides, Nestor Javier

    2001-01-01

    In Colombia, the natural national parks are par excellence the scenarios to protect the ecological integrity of the ecosystems and consequently for the conservation of the fauna, flora, diversity, genetic resources and values cultural and historical associates. Contrarily, these protected areas are subjected to the degradation caused by anthropic processes and natural that which goes in detriment of the benefits and services that provide to the society. The same as the other protected areas belonging to the system of natural national parks (SNNP), the park road Island of Salamanca (VPIS) it has been subject to the degradation, which has been generated mainly by factors of anthropic character that they have caused an environmental imbalance of great space and temporary magnitude whose repercussion is significant for the fragility of the ecosystems of the protected area in its particular context and for the importance of its function in the region of the complex estuary of the Magdalena River

  1. Conditions of fertility of the soils of the banana Area; Magdalena Department

    Bonilla Correa, Carmen Rosa; Garcia Ocampo, Alvaro

    2000-01-01

    The banana tree production in Colombia constitutes an important line of the economy of the country; it participates actively in the generation of foreign currencies for the high export volumes. However, in the production process, exist a series of inconveniences that if they are not managed appropriately they can affect the production directly. One of those problems is the fertilization of the plantations, the appropriate handling of the soils and the fertilization plans. With the objective of establishing the nutritional state of the soils of the banana area of the Magdalena, was carried out the present study with the purpose of determining the percentage distribution of the soils inside the different ranges of nutritious elements. Equally, with the analysis it could settle down the faulty elements in those soils and the importance of incorporating them appropriately in the fertilization plans

  2. CUENTOS QUE NO SON CUENTOS...UN RECORRIDO POR SAN ZENÓN (MAGDALENA

    Tania Ximena Salcedo Goméz

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Es de tarde y el sol inclemente de febrero se refleja sobre Las cálidas aguas del río Magdalena; sus visos en naranja y rojo se inmortalizan en el tapiz del cielo, mientras en tierra, esta gama de luz iridescente se forja en la piel de los hombres y mujeres de San Zenón. Los árboles desnudos han sido bañados por el frío invierno. Las ciénagas y el río han dejado sus marcas a través del marrón 330 de sus cortezas. Las pocas hojas que quedan son solo un breve recuerdo de un amanecer con sombra. El asfalto y la pasividad del viento, quienes amenazan la lucidez.

  3. Exploratory Analysis of Dengue Fever Niche Variables within the Río Magdalena Watershed

    Austin Stanforth

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Previous research on Dengue Fever have involved laboratory tests or study areas with less diverse temperature and elevation ranges than is found in Colombia; therefore, preliminary research was needed to identify location specific attributes of Dengue Fever transmission. Environmental variables derived from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS and Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM satellites were combined with population variables to be statistically compared against reported cases of Dengue Fever in the Río Magdalena watershed, Colombia. Three-factor analysis models were investigated to analyze variable patterns, including a population, population density, and empirical Bayesian estimation model. Results identified varying levels of Dengue Fever transmission risk, and environmental characteristics which support, and advance, the research literature. Multiple temperature metrics, elevation, and vegetation composition were among the more contributory variables found to identify future potential outbreak locations.

  4. [Multiple-Victimisation due to Armed Conflict and Emotional Distress in the State of Magdalena, Colombia].

    Campo-Arias, Adalberto; Sanabria, Adriana R; Ospino, Anyelly; Guerra, Valeria M; Caamaño, Beatriz H

    Emotional distress is common in Colombian armed conflict victims. Multiple-victimisation is associated with an increase in emotional distress than victimisation due a single event. However, the association between poly-victimisation and emotional distress among victims of the armed conflict in Colombia has not been documented. To study the association between multiple-victimisation and emotional distress in victims of armed conflict in the State of Magdalena, Colombia. A cross-sectional study was designed, with a secondary analysis of registration of the Psychosocial Care Program and Victim Integral Health (PAPSIVI) in the State of Magdalena, from 2013 to 2014. The profile formula grouped demographic variables, victimising events, and a set of symptoms of emotional distress (perceived discrimination, depressive and anxiety-stress). Odds ratio (OR, 95%CI) were established as measures of association. A total of 943 people were included, with 67.4% women, and ages between18 and 94 years (mean 47.9±14.2). A total of 109 (11.7%) suffered from multiple victimisation. Multiple victimisation events were associated with more emotional distress, depressive symptoms (OR=1.5; 95%CI, 1.3-1.8), perceived stigma (OR=1.3; 95%CI, 1.1-1.5), and anxiety-stress (OR=1.2; 95%CI 1.0-1.4) than a single event. There is more emotional distress in multiple victimisations than in a single victimisation event during armed conflict in this region of Colombia. Further studies are required on this topic. Copyright © 2016 Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría. Publicado por Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  5. Sediment load trends in the Magdalena River basin (1980-2010): Anthropogenic and climate-induced causes

    Restrepo, Juan D.; Escobar, Heber A.

    2018-02-01

    The Colombian Andes and its main river basin, the Magdalena, have witnessed dramatic changes in land cover and further forest loss during the last three decades. For the Magdalena River, human activities appear to have played a more prominent role compared to rainfall (climate change) to mobilize sediment. However, environmental authorities in Colombia argue that climate change is the main trigger of erosion and floods experienced during the last decade. Here we present the first regional exercise addressing the following: (1) what are the observed trends of sediment load in the northern Andes during the last three decades? and (2) are sediment load trends in agreement with tendencies in land use change and climate (e.g., precipitation)? We perform Mann-Kendall tests on sediment load series for 21 main tributary systems during the 1980-2010 period. These gauging stations represent 77% of the whole Magdalena basin area. The last decade has been a period of increased pulses in sediment transport as seen by the statistical significant trends in load. Overall, six subcatchments, representing 55% of the analyzed Magdalena basin area, have witnessed increasing trends in sediment load. Also, some major tributaries have experienced changes in their interannual mean sediment flux during the mid- 1990s and 2005. Further analysis of land cover change (e.g., deforestation) indicates that the basin has undergone considerable change. Forest cover decreased by 40% over the period of study, while the area under agriculture and pasture cover (agricultural lands 1 and 2) increased by 65%. The highest peak of forest loss on record in the Magdalena basin, 5106 km2 or 24% of the combined deforestation in Colombia, occurred during the 2005-2010 period. In contrast, Mann-Kendall tests on rainfall series for 61 stations reveal that precipitation shows no regional signs of increasing trends. Also, increasing trends in sediment load match quite well with the marked increase in forest

  6. Land legislation and its impact on the development of cattle farms in the Antioquian Magdalena Medio from 1920 to 1940

    José Roberto Álvarez Múnera

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The development of the Colombian agricultural sector, predominantly rural country, has combined two models: one led by rural entrepreneurs and one that has been promoted by the rural economy. The two have survived to the debate on agricultural policy that sought the legalization and use of land, access to credit and productive development in general. This historical reflection with support regional sources, a policy associate for the legalization of public lands in relation to business development in rural sector: Livestock in Middle Magdalena in the department of Antioquia in the first half of the twentieth century. The farm and rural production unit is understood as rural company and the landowner as an entrepreneur. In the end, it is presented the magnitude of farms in the region and period studied. This product of the doctoral thesis “Rural enterprises in Antioquia: the case of livestock in the Eastern and Middle Magdalena in the department of Antioquia, 1920-1960.

  7. Epiphytic diatoms associated with red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle prop roots in Bahía Magdalena, Baja California Sur, Mexico

    D.A Siqueiros Beltrones

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The first floristic inventory of benthic diatoms is provided for the Bahía Magdalena- Bahía Almejas lagoon system. Samplings were carried out during November of 1999. The oxydized samples were mounted permanently. Eighty six diatom taxa were identified, out of which 59 are new records for the Bahía Magdalena area, and 12 taxa are new for the Baja California peninsula. Taxa recorded previously as rare in other substrata are common or abundant on the epiphytic macroalgae of mangrove prop roots. Other species are mainly epipelic forms, while 24 are commonly found as tychoplankton in the area. Certain taxa appear to be characteristic of mangrove systems in general. Rev. Biol. Trop. 54(2: 287-297. Epub 2006 Jun 01.Se presenta el primer inventario florístico de diatomeas bénticas para el Sistema Lagunar Bahía Magdalena-Bahía Almejas. Se hicieron muestreos en noviembre de 1999. En las muestras oxidadas y montadas permanentemente, se identificaron 86 táxones, de los cuales 59 son nuevos registros para el área de Bahía Magdalena, y 12 son nuevos para la península de Baja California. Táxones previamente registrados como escasos en otros sustratos son comunes o abundantes sobre macroalgas epífitas de raíces primarias de mangle. Otras species son principalmente formas epipélicas, mientras que 24 son constituyentes comunes del ticoplancton del área. Ciertos táxones parecen ser característicos de sistemas de manglar en general.

  8. Proposal for inclusion of ICT in the community of the riverside of river Magdalena in Girardot, Colombia

    Elkin Oswaldo Forero Soto

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The means used to appropriation of information and communications technology in the town on the banks of the Magdalena River in Girardot were not the best despite national policies, on the other hand the population is perceived increasingly distant from advances technological and with fewer opportunities. This paper proposes the design of a technology strategy for this type of community approach to information and communication technologies to reduce the digital divide.

  9. Book Review: Lubańska Magdalena, Muslims and Christians in the Bulgarian Rhodopes. Studies on Religious (AntiSyncretism

    Karolina Bielenin-Lenczowska

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Book Review: Lubańska Magdalena, Muslims and Christians in the Bulgarian Rhodopes. Studies on Religious (AntiSyncretism "Muslims and Christians in the Bulgarian Rhodopes. Studies on Religious (AntiSyncretism", a book by Magdalena Lubańska is a summary of her research carried out for many years among the Christian Orthodox and Muslim Pomaks in Rhodope mountains of Bulgaria. There Lubańska conducted in-depth interviews and carried out ethnographic observation about the knowledge regarding neighbours of different religion, their beliefs and religious practices.   Recenzja książki: Lubańska Magdalena, Muslims and Christians in the Bulgarian Rhodopes. Studies on Religious (AntiSyncretism Książka Magdaleny Lubańskiej jest podsumowaniem jej badań prowadzonych od wielu lat wśród prawosławnych oraz muzułmanów w Rodopach, w Bułgarii. Lubańska przeprowadziła pogłębione wywiady i obserwację etnograficzną, dotyczącą sąsiadowania mieszkańców różnych religii, ich wierzeń i praktyk religijnych.

  10. A preliminary evaluation of shallow-water rhodolith beds in Bahia Magdalena, Mexico

    Enrique Ávila

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to describe the structure of shallow-water rhodolith beds from Bahia Magdalena, one of the most productive estuarine systems of the Mexican Pacific coasts. From September 2008 to May 2009 four rhodolith beds were found (between 1 and 3 m depth and population descriptors such as rhodolith density, size classes, branch density, volume and weight were determined. The dominant rhodolith forming species was Lithophyllum margaritae. The size of beds ranged from 7,600 to 17,800 m2 approximately with densities from 42.2 to 215.9 ind.m-2. In these beds, L. margaritae shows fruticose and foliose growth forms, from which spherical forms were predominant (81-99%. Branch density (from 3.0 to 13.3 branches.cm-2 varied significantly (p O objetivo do presente estudo foi descrever a estrutura de bancos de rodolitos de áreas rasas da Bahia Magdalena, um dos sistemas estuarinos mais produtivos da costa pacífica mexicana. Quatro bancos de rodolitos situados entre 1 e 3m de profundidade foram avaliados em relação a densidade, classes de tamanho, densidade dos ramos, volume e peso no período de setembro de 2008 a maio de 2009. A espécie dominante no local foi Lithophyllum margaritae. O tamanho dos bancos variou de 7,600 a 17,800 m² aproximadamente, com densidades de 42.2-215.9 ind.m-2 . Foram observadas formas de crescimento fruticosa e folhosa em L. margaritae, sendo a forma esférica predominante (81-99%. A densidade dos ramos (3.0-13.3 ramos.cm-2 variou significativamente (p < 0.05 entre os bancos. O volume médio (2.0-400 ml e o peso úmido (32.4-84.8 g não tiveram diferenças significativas entre os locais, mas uma correlação positiva significativa (r = 0.95, p < 0.05 foi encontrada entre os parâmetros. O tamanho das plantas variou de 2.0 a 11.5 centímetros predominando o padrão entre 40.1-60 mm. As diferenças na densidade de rodolitos, densidade dos ramos e a esfericidade foram atribuídas às condições hidrodin

  11. SimBasin: serious gaming for integrated decision-making in the Magdalena-Cauca basin

    Craven, Joanne; Angarita, Hector; Corzo, Gerald

    2016-04-01

    The Magdalena-Cauca macrobasin covers 24% of the land area of Colombia, and provides more than half of the country's economic potential. The basin is also home a large proportion of Colombia's biodiversity. These conflicting demands have led to problems in the basin, including a dramatic fall in fish populations, additional flooding (such as the severe nationwide floods caused by the La Niña phenomenon in 2011), and habitat loss. It is generally believed that the solution to these conflicts is to manage the basin in a more integrated way, and bridge the gaps between decision-makers in different sectors and scientists. To this end, inter-ministerial agreements are being formulated and a decision support system is being developed by The Nature Conservancy Colombia. To engage stakeholders in this process SimBasin, a "serious game", has been developed. It is intended to act as a catalyst for bringing stakeholders together, an illustration of the uncertainties, relationships and feedbacks in the basin, and an accessible introduction to modelling and decision support for non-experts. During the game, groups of participants are led through a 30 year future development of the basin, during which they take decisions about the development of the basin and see the impacts on four different sectors: agriculture, hydropower, flood risk, and environment. These impacts are displayed through seven indicators, which players should try to maintain above critical thresholds. To communicate the effects of uncertainty and climate variability, players see the actual value of the indicator and also a band of possible values, so they can see if their decisions have actually reduced risk or if they just "got lucky". The game works as a layer on top of a WEAP water resources model of the basin, adapted from a basin-wide model already created, so the fictional game basin is conceptually similar to the Magdalena-Cauca basin. The game is freely available online, and new applications are being

  12. Estrategia de Pago a Proveedores de Pesquería Artesanal de Jaiba en el Departamento Del Magdalena

    Edwin Causado Rodriguez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo, pretende formular una estrategia de pago de materia prima proporcional a los rendimientos obtenidos en el proceso de carne de jaiba de una empresa procesadora del departamento del Magdalena. Acudiendo a la entrevista personal a trabajadores del área de producción, aseguramiento de la calidad, y proveedores de materia prima, sobre los factores que intervienen en la captura y procesamiento de este producto, y al análisis de registros históricos de rendimientos del proceso de los dos últimos años. Esta estrategia de pago ha de beneficiar tanto a la empresa al ofrecerle una proporcionalidad entre sus costos y precios de venta, como también al pescador, a fin de que éste aproveche el recurso en forma sostenible, a través una talla media de captura implementada por el INPA en su momento y adecuada por el INCODER y la Corporación Autónoma Regional del Magdalena – CORPAMAG. Por último, de acuerdo con los muestreos de producto realizados, existe una mayor tendencia a encontrar jaibas con el tamaño mínimo de pesca exigidos por las entidades reguladoras, lo cual facilita una proporcionalidad entre los costos de materia prima por tallas y los precios de venta de producto terminado.Palabras Clave: Jaiba; talla media de captura; pescador artesanal; aprovechamiento sostenible. Supplier Payment Strategy Handcrafted Crab Fishery in theMagdalena DepartmentAbstractThis article seeks to formulate a strategy for payment of material proportional to income in the process of a crab meat processing company in the department of Magdalena. Going to interview workers in the area of production, quality assurance, and raw material suppliers on the factors involved in the capture and processing of this product, and analysis of historical records of the process yields two recent years. This payment strategy has to benefit both the company by offering a proportionality between costs and selling prices, as well as a fisherman, so that to

  13. The worker's massacre of 1928 in the Magdalena Zona Bananera - Colombia. An unfinished story

    Jorge Enrique Elías Caro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza las condiciones del porqué se presentó la masacre obrera ocurrida el 6 de diciembre de 1928 en la Región Bananera del Magdalena (Colombia por parte de las tropas del Ejército colombiano, para ello, se hace una descripción de las dinámicas del entorno mundial de la fruta, su relación con las compañías multinacionales y el régimen laboral y sindical en Colombia. De igual forma se hace un análisis del contexto y de los antecedentes del conflicto, así como también de la tergiversación de la información presentada por parte del Estado Colombiana y la United Fruit Company, hechos estos que sirvieron de base para inspirar un capítulo de la novela "Cien Años de Soledad" del Nobel en literatura Gabriel García Márquez.

  14. La masacre obrera de 1928 en la zona bananera del Magdalena-Colombia. Una historia inconclusa

    Jorge Enrique El\\u00EDas Caro

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza las condiciones del porqué se presentó la masacre obrera ocurrida el 6 de diciembre de 1928 en la Región Bananera del Magdalena (Colombia por parte de las tropas del Ejército colombiano, para ello, se hace una descripción de las dinámicas del entorno mundial de la fruta, su relación con las compañías multinacionales y el régimen laboral y sindical en Colombia. De igual forma se hace un análisis del contexto y de los antecedentes del conflicto, así cómo también de la tergiversación de la información presentada por parte del Estado Colombiana y la United Fruit Company, hechos estos que sirvieron de base para inspirar una parte de la novela Cien Años de Soledad del Nóbel en literatura Gabriel García Márquez.

  15. Benthic biodiversity and ecological gradients in the Seno Magdalena (Puyuhuapi Fjord, Chile)

    Betti, F.; Bavestrello, G.; Bo, M.; Enrichetti, F.; Loi, A.; Wanderlingh, A.; Pérez-Santos, I.; Daneri, G.

    2017-11-01

    Due to its complex hydrological, geomorphological and climatic features, the Chilean fjords region is considered among the most productive areas of the world. The benthic fauna of this region accounts for more than 1600 species showing marked latitudinal biogeographic differences characterizing this as one of the most important hotspot of biodiversity of cold-temperate environments. Despite numerous studies have been conducted to depict the biological characteristics of the fjords, the present situation is strongly unbalanced towards specific taxa. Hence, this study takes into consideration a community approach, highlighting the distribution of six benthic assemblages thriving on vertical walls along the Seno Magdalena fjord (Aysen region). Underwater pictures were used to characterize the trends in abundance and diversity of the main taxa showing distinct responses to salinity and turbidity. Among the less tolerant taxa to high fresh water inputs there are encrusting algae, mainly found in the most external sites lashed by outer currents, far from the estuarine plume. The bathymetric zonation of the assemblages, instead, is characterized by a dense mussel belt in the first 10 m, within a thick layer of low-salinity, nutrient-enriched waters. Rich assemblages of sponges, brachiopods, gorgonians and scleractinians thrive in deeper, marine, clear waters. The evaluation of the ecological role of benthic species leads both to the definition of potential bioindicator taxa responding to anthropic disturbances and to the promotion of protected areas.

  16. Magistritööde kaitsmine : [Maria-Magdalena Jürvetson jt.

    1999-01-01

    14. juunil '99 kaitsevad TPÜ filoloogiateaduskonna magistritööde kaitsmisnõukogu koosolekul Maria-Magdalena Jürvetson magistritöö "Soome keele ja rahvuskultuuri areng 19. sajandil" ja Hilve Rebase magistritöö "Norra ja Soome kirjanike loomingust ja retseptsioonist Eestis"; 15. juunil kaitsevad TPÜ infoteaduste osakonna magistritööde kaitsmisnõukogu koosolekul Aivi Sepp magistritöö "Raamatukogu- ja infoteaduslik haridus 20. sajandi teisel poolel" ja Marianne Paimre magistritöö "Narkotemaatika Eesti loetavamates päevalehtedes aastatel 1993-1995 : bibliomeetriline aspekt"; 17. juunil kaitsevad TPÜ geoökoloogia magistritööde kaitsmisnõukogu koosolekul Raimo Pajula magistritöö "Raba mikromaastike seosed rabalaama morfomeetria ja veerežiimiga Männik-järve raba näitel", Kristjan Kruusement magistritöö "Fosfori jaotus järvesetetes" ja Peep-Aarne Sirge magistritöö "Eesti endiste sõjakoolide kogemuste rakendamise võimalusi kaitsejõudude tänapäevases väljaõppes"; 21. juunil kaitsevad TPÜ kasvatusteaduste ja pedagoogika magistritööde kaitsmisnõukogu koosolekul Krista Loogma magistritöö "Stsenaariumi meetodi rakendamine hariduse tuleviku uurimisel ja haridusstrateegia arendamisel" ja Tarmo Salumaa magistritöö "Eesmärgistatud organisatsiooniliste muutuste mõju inimeste töökeskkonna tunnetamisele koolis"

  17. Ambiente, salud y recién nacido: observaciones regionales en el departamento del Magdalena

    Orlando Alarcón Montero

    1951-09-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio debe comenzar en el siglo XVI en las Antillas, refugio de buscadores de oro y guerreros profesionales que allí esperaron el momento de hacer el aporte europeo a nuestra formación. Otro elemento racial nos llegó en los barcos negros. Y el factor básico estuvo representado por el elemento aborigen, que mostraba grupos situados en diversas estapas de evolución. En el actual Departamento del Magdalena se destacaba la cultura tairona, instalada en las faldas de la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Sus miembros llegaron lejos en el progreso humano. Su habitación era estable, pétrea y de cimiento fuerte. Las poblaciones grandes, de varias centenas de casas, quedan aún desparramadas en forma de ruinas por los valles de la Sierra. Esta solidez de las construcciones traduce una organización económica y social de perfiles definidos.

  18. PESCADORES DE LOS RAUDALES DEL RÍO MAGDALENA DURANTE EL PERIODO FORMATIVO TARDÍO

    Peña German

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Los resultados de la investigación realizada en el yacimiento arqueológico de Arrancaplumas, localizado en la zona de raudales del río Magdalena, entre la cuenca alta y media (Honda - Tolima y Puerto Bogotá - Cundinamarca, indican que este lugar fue habitado por largas temporadas anuales entre los siglos V y I A.C. Los pobladores emplearon en sus actividades cotidianas a lo largo de toda la ocupación una misma clase de cerámica y elaboraron una industria lítica que no presenta cambios significativos a través del tiempo.  El predominio de líticos lascados probablemente están relacionados con actividades derivadas de la pesca y la caza. La producción de alimentos vegetales se redujo principalmente al cultivo esporádico de maíz y papaya, y la recolección de frutos de palma. Durante toda la secuencia de ocupación la pesca constituyó la principal actividad de la cual derivaron su subsistencia.

  19. Variabilidad de la abundancia de zooplancton en Bahía Magdalena Baja California Sur, México (1997-2001 Zooplankton abundance variability in Magdalena Bay, Baja California Sur, Mexico (1997-2001

    Sergio Hernández-Trujillo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analizaron muestras de zooplancton de 16 campañas oceanógraficas, efectuadas en Bahía Magdalena, Baja California Sur, México, entre agosto de 1997 y marzo de 2001. Se identificó un total de 26 grupos taxonómicos, de los cuales los más abundantes y frecuentes fueron copépodos y quetognatos; en 2000-2001 se observó una tendencia a disminuir entre 10 y 20 el número de grupos de zooplancton. La biomasa zooplanctónica y abundancia de copépodos disminuyeron en el periodo de estudio, en contraste con los quetognatos que tuvieron un ligero aumento. Las fluctuaciones de abundancia de zooplancton no estuvieron relacionadas con la concentración de clorofila-α, a diferencia de los máximos de abundancia de zooplancton, que estuvieron asociados a los cambios de la temperatura superficial del mar. El ciclo estacional de la abundancia del zooplancton en Bahía Magdalena, indicó que en invierno el promedió fue mayor de 65.000 ind 100 m-3 , valor que aumentó en primavera a más de 99.000 ind 100 m-3 , se mantuvo en verano alrededor de 100.000 ind 100 m-3 y en otoño descendió rápidamente a casi 40.000 ind 100 m-3.Zooplankton were studied from 16 oceanographic surveys carried out in Magdalena Bay, Baja California Sur, Mexico, between August 1997 and March 2001. Twenty-six taxonomic groups were identified, the most abundant and frequent of which were copepods and chaetognaths. In 2000-2001, the number of zooplankton groups tended to decrease by 10 to 20. Both zooplankton biomass and copepod abundance declined, unlike chaetognaths, which increased slightly. Fluctuations in zooplankton abundance were independent of the chlorophyll-a concentration, whereas the maximum zooplankton abundances were associated with changes in the sea surface temperature. The seasonal zooplankton abundance cycle in Magdalena Bay indicated that, in winter, the averaged was than 65,000 ind 100 m-3 , a value that increased to more than 99,000 ind 100 m-3 in spring

  20. HYPHESSOBRYCON NATAGAIMA (CHARACIFORMES: CHARACIDAE A NEW SPECIES FROM COLOMBIA, WITH A KEY TO THE MAGDALENA BASIN HYPHESSOBRYCON SPECIES

    CARLOS A. GARCÍA-ALZATE

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A new species, Hyphessobrycon natagaima, is described from the upper Magdalena River Basin in Colombia. It differs from all other species of Hyphessobrycon with a dark lateral stripe inhabiting the Magdalena River Basin: H. poecilioides, H. proteus and H. ocasoensis, by having eight to twelve pored lateral-line scales (vs. 14-26; four scales between the lateral line and the pelvic-fin insertions (vs. five or six; one tooth on the maxilla (vs. zero in H. poecilioides, and two to five in H. proteus; except H. ocasoensis, with one, a dark, interrupted, lateral stripe that is not in contact with the caudal peduncle spot (vs. absence of caudal spot in H. poecilioides, lateral stripe continued that is in contact with the caudal peduncle spot in H. ocasoensis. It has a rhomboid shaped caudal-peduncle spot that continues on to middle caudal-fin rays (vs. absence of caudal peduncle spot in H. poecilioides and caudal peduncle spot round and not continued on to middle caudal-fin rays in H. ocasoensis; and presence of hooks on all fins in mature males (vs. males with hooks on anal, pelvic and pectoral fins. Hyphessobrycon natagaima differs from H. ocasoensis, in addition to the above characters, by having four scale rows between the lateral line and the anal-fin origin (vs. six; three or four scale rows between the lateral line and the pelvic-fin insertions (vs. six; ten or eleven predorsal scales (vs. nine; i,9,i dorsal-fin rays (vs. ii,8,i; 18-20 branched anal-fin rays (vs. 21-22 and eleven branched pectoral-fin rays (vs. twelve. A key for the identification of Hyphessobrycon species present in the Magdalena River Basin is provided.

  1. Transformations of Mangrove Forests in Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur, Mexico: Two Decade Results Based on Landsat Imageries

    Suresh Babu, S.; Abdul Rahaman, S.; Muthushankar, G.; Jonathan, M. P.

    2014-12-01

    Mangrove forests which thrive along the tropical and subtropical regions are the most productive ecosystems in the world with a wide range of ecological and economical services to mankind. With the rapid urbanization across the globe, these forests tend to be destroying at an alarming rate. The area of concern for this study, Bahia Magdalena is very important for the economy of the state as nearly 50% of the artisan fisheries are established in the mangrove zone. Henceforth this study is an attempt for a regional assessment and to accurately quantify the mangroves using LANDSAT imageries for over two decades in Bahia Magdalena, Baja California. Satellite imageries from the year 1986 through 2014 were analysed to assess the prolonged changes taking place in and around the mangrove reserve. Using the estimates of land use/cover for all the years, the spatio - temporal data was validated using ArcGIS software. The results revealed that the spatial extent of mangroves are decreasing until 2005 due to the developmental plans such as tourism, shrimp farming and establishment of industries in this part of the country. During the past 10 years (~ after 2005) there is no much change in the area extent of mangrove reserves due to afforestation and conservation efforts. Thus the unbiased dataset generated may be widely used for an improved understanding of the role of mangrove forests in the socio economic aspects, protection from natural disasters, identify possible areas for conservation, restoration and rehabilitation; and improve estimates of the amount of carbon stored in mangrove vegetation and the associated marine environment. Keywords: Mangroves, LANDSAT, Bahia Magdalena, México.

  2. Análisis de costes de producción con implementación de equipos automatizado tomando como ejemplo Mina Magdalena

    Hernández Fuentealba, Carlos Andrés

    2018-01-01

    Se va a recopilar la información disponible relacionada a la primera mina de España con implementación de sistemas de automatización, Mina Magdalena. Es propiedad de MATSA y se encuentra ubicada en la localidad de Almonaster la Real, provincia de Huelva, España. Se va a realizar el estudio de la automatización alcanzada en Mina Magdalena, con la finalidad de estimar unos costos de producción, variando los costes de la operación de perforación y carga. Para el cálculo de estos costes se sup...

  3. Reemplazo de grasa y azúcar en magdalenas. Efecto sobre las propiedades reológicas, térmicas, de textura y sensoriales

    MARTÍNEZ CERVERA, SANDRA

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo de tesis se centra en el estudio de las propiedades reológicas, térmicas, de textura y sensoriales de magdalenas en las que se ha reemplazado parcial o totalmente la grasa o el azúcar. La masa de las magdalenas es una emulsión de aceite en agua compuesta por una base de harina que incorpora grasa y azúcar como ingredientes principales y, como opcionales, huevo, leche y otros componentes. El producto final se caracteriza por tener una estructura poro...

  4. QUANTIFICATION OF COAL IN THE COLOMBIAN CARIBBEAN BEACHES (DEPARTMENT OF MAGDALENA

    Julián Andrés García

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT To quantify the percentage of unburnt coal in beach sediments from the department of Magdalena,(Colombia a simple procedure was devised to separate the sediment mineral phases according to their density. Sediments were collected from six beaches, at two tidal heights, in November 2012 and February 2013, before and after a spill from a coal barge that occurred on 12 January 2013. Sediments were dried, suspended in an aqueous solution of sodium polytungstate (density: 2.0 g•cm-3 and centrifuged. Because coal has a lower density (1.2-1.9 g•cm-3 than other inorganic minerals and rocks, any coal particle present in a sample concentrated in the suspended fraction, whereas more dense particles settled. To remove organic matter not corresponding to coal, the light fraction was subsequently subjected to a weak oxidation with hydrogen peroxide. To estimate an upper limit for any coal present, weight loss on ignition at 550 °C was determined for whole sediments. For the six beaches examined, the maximum weight loss on ignition was 2.4 % and the weight percentage of the light fraction (with a density 3 g•cm-3, which comprise between 10-70 % of the total sediment dry weight. RESUMEN Con el fin de cuantificar el porcentaje de carbón mineral en playas del departamento del Magdalena, (Colombia se llevó a cabo un procedimiento sencillo para separar el sedimento en fracciones sedimentológicas de acuerdo a su densidad. Se utilizaron sedimentos provenientes de seis playas del departamento colectadas de dos niveles mareales en noviembre de 2012 y febrero de 2013, antes y después de un derrame de una barcaza de carbón, que ocurrió el 12 de enero de 2013. Los sedimentos fueron secados, suspendidos en una solución de sodio politungstato (densidad: 2,0 g·cm-3 y centrifugados. Ya que el carbón tiene una densidad menor (1,2-1,9 g·cm-3 que otros minerales inorgánicos, cualquier partícula de carbón presente en una muestra se concentró en la

  5. ¿Para dónde va el Magdalena? : elementos sobre logística y transporte verde

    Duque Escobar, Gonzalo

    2015-01-01

    Algunos elementos sobre logística y transporte verde, preparados a nombre de la SMP-UN, para aportar al conocimiento de las problemáticas sociales, ambientales y económicos del proyecto de navegabilidad del río Magdalena, cuya navegabilidad exige, además de considerar las limitantes ecológicas del río y su lamentable estado relacionado con la deforestación de cuencas como causa estructural y primera de la sedimentación, estructurar un sistema intermodal de transporte de carga para la Región A...

  6. Estudio para la medición de seguridad alimentaria y nutricional en el magdalena medio colombiano. caso cesar.

    Del Castillo M., Sara; Fonseca, Zulma; Mantilla, Mariela; Mendieta, Néstor

    2012-01-01

    Antecedentes. El presente artículo presenta los resultados del Estudio para la Medición de la Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional  (SAN) en el Magdalena Medio Colombiano. Caso César, realizado por Obusinga y el OBSAN, financiado por OBUSINGA y por la UGI de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Adicionalmente, forma parte de las acciones del Proyecto de Construcción Participativa de una Propuesta de Desarrollo Territorial con Perspectiva Alimentaria en 12 Municipios ...

  7. Magdalena Ridge Observatory Interferometer -- First Light with Telescope 1 and Progress to Fringes

    Creech-Eakman, Michelle J.; Haniff, Chris A.; Buscher, David F.; Young, John S.; Payne, Ifan; Romero, Van D.; Magdalena Ridge Observatory Interferometer Team

    2018-01-01

    The Magdalena Ridge Observatory Interferometer (MROI), a 10-telescope optical/near-IR interferometer in central NM has been conceived to be the most ambitious optical interferometric array under construction to date. With baselines ranging from 7.8 to 343 meters, and limiting magnitudes of 14 at K band, it will be able to assess many thousands of astronomical targets on spatial scales of 10's to 0.1's of milliarcseconds. After over a decade of funding from NRL and the major partner institutions (NM Tech and Cambridge University), new funding was obtained in late 2015 via a Cooperative Agreement between NM Tech and the Air Force Research Lab (AFRL) to bring the facility to a three-interferometer system capable of observing geosynchronous satellites. However, we still maintain an exciting and compelling astronomical portfolio which will produce statistical samples of: YSOs and their surrounding disks, systems dominated by mass-loss and mass-transfer, pulsational stars and binary systems, and image the environs of AGN in nearby galaxies. An update on the status and plans for MROI for the next 3 years under the current Cooperative Agreement will be presented. In addition, we will present some examples of observational applications feasible with MROI both in the near-term and as we approach the full 10-telescope facility and describe how the astronomical community can become involved in this exciting project.We wish to acknowledge our sponsors in the NM Congressional Delegation and AFRL FA #9453-15-2-0086 for our recent support.

  8. REPTILES DEL VALLE SECO DEL RÍO MAGDALENA (HUILA, COLOMBIA

    RAFAEL MORENO-ARIAS

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una caracterización de la fauna de reptiles del valle seco del río Magdalena en el departamento del Huila, así como la comparación faunística entre unidades de cobertura vegetal y épocas climáticas. Se registraron 31 especies pertenecientes a 30 géneros, 17 familias y dos órdenes. En el orden Squamata, la familia más diversa fue Teiidae (lagartijas con tres especies y Colubridae (serpientes con nueve. Para el orden Testudines se registró una especie. Con base en curvas de acumulación de especies y los estimadores no paramétricos Jackknife 2 y Bootstrap, para las lagartijas se obtuvo una alta representatividad en el muestreo (83% y 92% respectivamente, mientras que para las serpientes fue menor (75% y 82% respectivamente. La estructura y composición de los ensambles de reptiles en cada unidad de cobertura vegetal no fue significativamente diferente, en general se caracterizaron por presentar pocas especies con muchos individuos y numerosas especies raras. El arbustal presentó la mayor riqueza de especies seguido del bosque de ribera y los cultivos de cacao. En general la abundancia de reptiles fue mayor en la época de lluvias que en la época seca, sin embargo la manera en que responden las especies a las épocas climáticas está dada por sus características ecológicas, fisiológicas y comportamentales.

  9. Community structure of zooplankton in the main entrance of Bahía Magdalena, México during 1996

    Jaime Gómez-Gutiérrez

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The zooplankton community structure, including copepods, euphausiids, chaetognaths, and decapod larvae, was monitored during six circadian cycles using Bongo net (500 *m mesh net samples from Bahía Magdalena, on the southwest coast of Baja California, México. Samples were obtained during three oceanographic surveys (March, July, and December 1996 to describe the changes in the zooplankton community structure throughout the main mouth of Bahía Magdalena. The zooplankton community structure showed strong changes with a close relation to environmental conditions. During March, a well-mixed water column with low temperature and salinity indicated an influence of the California Current water and local upwelling processes. During July, temperature increased a nd a wide salinity range was recorded. The stratification of the water column was intense during summer, enhancing the thermocline. The highest temperatures and salinity were recorded in December, related to the presence of the Costa Rica Coastal Current (CRCC. The thermocline deepened as water temperature increased. A typical temperate community structure with low specific richness dominated by Calanus pacificus, Nyctiphanes simplex, and Acartia clausi and high zooplankton biomass (average 9.3 and 5.5 ml 1000 m-3respectively during March and July shifted to a more complex tropical community structure with a low zooplankton biomass in December (average 0.37 ml 1000 m-3. The mouth of Bahía Magdalena has a vigorous exchange of water caused by tidal currents. The zooplankton community structure was not significantly different between the central part of Bahía Magdalena and the continental shelf outside the bay for all months. The results suggest a more dynamic inside-outside interaction of zooplankton assemblages than first thought.La estructura de la comunidad de zooplancton, incluyendo copépodos, eufáusidos, quetognatos y larvas de decápodos, fue monitoriada por seis ciclos circadianos

  10. DESIGN AND TEST OF AN INSTRUMENT FOR MEASURING MICROTHERMAL SEEING ON THE MAGDALENA RIDGE

    Jorgensen, A. M.; Klinglesmith, D. A.; Speights, J.; Clements, A.; Patel, J.

    2009-01-01

    We have constructed and operated an automated instrument for measuring ground-level microthermal seeing at the Magdalena Ridge Observatory (MRO). The MRO is located at an altitude of 10500' in the Cibola National Forest in New Mexico, USA. It is the planned site for the MRO Optical Interferometer (MROI) planned for up to 10 collecting elements, each with a diameter of 1.4 m, and baselines eventually up to approximately 400 m. As part of the preparation for construction we deployed a system to characterize the ground-level seeing across the observatory site. The instrument is built largely of off-the-shelf components, with only the sensor head and power supply requiring electronic board assembly. Even in those cases the board architecture is very simple. The first proof-of-concept system was deployed for several weeks in the autumn of 2004, and has since undergone several iterations. The latest configuration operates entirely off batteries, incorporates wireless data acquisition, and is thus able to operate in an area with no shelter, power, or communications. In this paper we present the design of the instrument, and show initial data. The microthermal tower has four sensor pairs at heights from 0.8 to 4.41 m, significantly lower than other microthermal experiments, because of the need to characterize the seeing near the ground. We find significant variation in the contribution of this range of heights to the seeing, contributing up to 0.''3 of the seeing at some times and only 0.''02 at other times. The individual sensor power spectra have a slope in the range of 1.4--1.5, which is lower than the 1.67 slope predicted by Kolmogorov turbulence theory. We measure the well known effect of improved seeing immediately around sunset. While we find significant variation in the microthermal seeing, we did not find a pattern of corresponding variations in weather conditions, suggesting that a complicated set of factors control microthermal turbulence.

  11. Design and Test of an Instrument for Measuring Microthermal Seeing on the Magdalena Ridge

    Jorgensen, A. M.; Klinglesmith, D. A., III; Speights, J.; Clements, A.; Patel, J.

    2009-05-01

    We have constructed and operated an automated instrument for measuring ground-level microthermal seeing at the Magdalena Ridge Observatory (MRO). The MRO is located at an altitude of 10500' in the Cibola National Forest in New Mexico, USA. It is the planned site for the MRO Optical Interferometer (MROI) planned for up to 10 collecting elements, each with a diameter of 1.4 m, and baselines eventually up to approximately 400 m. As part of the preparation for construction we deployed a system to characterize the ground-level seeing across the observatory site. The instrument is built largely of off-the-shelf components, with only the sensor head and power supply requiring electronic board assembly. Even in those cases the board architecture is very simple. The first proof-of-concept system was deployed for several weeks in the autumn of 2004, and has since undergone several iterations. The latest configuration operates entirely off batteries, incorporates wireless data acquisition, and is thus able to operate in an area with no shelter, power, or communications. In this paper we present the design of the instrument, and show initial data. The microthermal tower has four sensor pairs at heights from 0.8 to 4.41 m, significantly lower than other microthermal experiments, because of the need to characterize the seeing near the ground. We find significant variation in the contribution of this range of heights to the seeing, contributing up to 0farcs3 of the seeing at some times and only 0farcs02 at other times. The individual sensor power spectra have a slope in the range of 1.4--1.5, which is lower than the 1.67 slope predicted by Kolmogorov turbulence theory. We measure the well known effect of improved seeing immediately around sunset. While we find significant variation in the microthermal seeing, we did not find a pattern of corresponding variations in weather conditions, suggesting that a complicated set of factors control microthermal turbulence.

  12. Manejo de la primera alimentación del bocachico ( Prochilodus magdalenae.

    Víctor Atencio-García

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available En el Centro de Investigación Piscícola de la Universidad de Córdoba se realizaron dos experimentos; en elprimero, el objetivo fue evaluar el efecto de diferentes presas en el manejo de la primera alimentación delbocachico Prochilodus magdalenae y en el segundo, con la mejor presa del ensayo anterior, determinar eltiempo mínimo de manejo de la primera alimentación. En ambos casos las post-larvas fueron sembradas a 50/L en acuario de 5 L. En el primer experimento se evaluaron las siguientes presas: nauplios de Artemia (NA,cistos descapsulados de Artemia (CA, zooplancton silvestre tamizado entre 125-160 µm (Z125-160 y zooplanctonsilvestre tamizado entre 250-400 µm (Z250-400, ofrecidas durante cinco días a razón de 5 Presa/mL. Además,un grupo de post-larvas fue sometida a ayuno. Las mayores ganancias de peso y longitud total la registraron laspost-larvas alimentadas con NA (2.0±1.8 mg, 1.8±0.9 mm y Z250-400 (2.0±1.1 mg, 1.6±0.5 mm. Lasobrevivencia de las post-larvas alimentadas con NA (73.2±10.7% fue mayor a las registradas en los demástratamientos (P0.05. Mientras que latasa de crecimiento específico (G osciló entre 17.1 (5 días y 22.3 %/día (3 días, sin observarse diferenciasestadísticas significativas (P>0.05. Las post-larvas alimentadas durante 3, 5 y 7 días presentaron las mejoressobrevivencias (92.2±6.2, 93.3±4.3, 95.6±3.9% respectivamente cuando fueron sometidas a la prueba deresistencia al estrés. Las post-larvas alimentadas por un solo día mostraron la menor sobrevivencia al sersometidas a esta prueba (87±1%. Los resultados del estudio sugieren que nauplios de Artemia o zooplanctonsilvestre en le rango de 250-400 mm, libre de predadores, son presas adecuada para el manejo de la primeraalimentación al menos durante 3 días antes de ser sembradas en estanques en tierra.

  13. Reproduction and conservation of the Magdalena River turtle (Podocnemis lewyana) in the Claro Cocorna Sur River, Colombia; Reproduccion y conservacion de la tortuga del Rio Magdalena (Podocnemis lewyana) en el Rio Claro Cocorna Sur, Colombia

    Ceballos, Claudia P; Romero, Isabel; Gomez Saldarriaga, Catalina; Miranda, Karla

    2014-07-01

    The Magdalena river turtle, Podocnemis lewyana, is an endangered and endemic turtle from Colombia. Among the most important information needed to conserve endangered species is to identify, monitor, and protect the sites used by the species to reproduce and grow. In this study we report, for the first time, the reproductive output and the nesting beaches of P. lewyana in the Claro Cocorna Sur River, a tributary of the Magdalena river drainage. We systematically examined a river transect of 8 km with 14 sandy beaches during two nesting seasons in one year. We recorded a yearly production of 47 clutches, 957 eggs, and two preferred nesting beaches: Alto Bonito with 51 %, and Belgica with 28.3 % of this reproductive output. Aafuver, a community-based organization, has led a headstarting program since 2010 to decrease in-situ egg mortality due to predation on nesting beaches. Aafuver collects and incubates the eggs ex-situ, raises the hatchlings for one to five months and then releases them into the same river. To understand potential effects of such egg manipulation, we monitored and compared in-situ and ex-situ incubation temperatures. We found ex-situ temperatures below the pivotal temperature known for P. lewyana and below the temperatures in nesting beaches. Finally, we monitored hatchlings growth under aafuver captive conditions, and found that hatchlings duplicated their body mass during the first three months of age. Egg weight was strongly associated to body weight at hatching; however this association is lost by the third month of age. We strongly encourage supporting this community-based conservation program, and the protection of the Claro Cocorna Sur River as an important nesting and growth habitat for the conservation of P. lewyana.

  14. Formas de hierro y aluminio en suelos con diferentes usos en la zona norte del departamento del Magdalena, Colombia

    José Rafael Vásquez Polo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En el estudio se evaluaron las diferentes formas de hierro (Fe y aluminio (Al presentes en suelos cultivados y en áreas de bosque de la zona norte del departamento del Magdalena (Colombia. Se seleccionaron seis zonas de muestreo localizadas entre 0 y 1000 m.s.n.m. Se utilizaron tres técnicas selectivas de extracción de Fe y Al con los agentes extractantes: pirofosfato de sodio, oxalato ácido de amonio, y ditionito citrato bicarbonato. Los contenidos totales de Fe y Al fueron determinados mediante un ataque ácido y cuantificación por absorción atómica. El análisis de varianza multivariado mostró diferencias significativas (P 3% del Al total, lo que sugiere que un alto contenido de Al forma parte de estructuras cristalinas.

  15. Associated fauna to the mangroves and other marshes in the Delta-estuary of the River Magdalena, Colombia

    Moreno Bejarano, Luz Myriam; Alvarez Leon, Ricardo

    2003-01-01

    A synthesis of observations and collections of fauna associated with different vegetative communities and bodies of water present in the estuarine-delta of Magdalena river, with emphasis in the Via Park Isla Salamanca (56.200 acres) and National Reserve Flora and Fauna Sanctuary of the Cienaga Grande de Santa Marta (23.000 acres), between 1978-1985. The information was gathered through samplings and manual captures affected during 1978 and period 1981-1985, as well as accomplished direct observations sporadically in the period 1986-1998. The records of 10 species of amphibians, 40 species of reptiles, 194 species of birds and 46 species of mammals show the great variety of fauna in this Caribbean area of Colombia

  16. Mompox y el río grande de la Magdalena: Patrimonio cultural y natural de colombia y la humanidad

    Franco Ossa Lucía Victoria

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available El sistema estructurante urbano­regional de Mompox esta configurado por su arquitectura y el río Grande de la Magdalena, es decir, por su patrimonio cultural y ambiental. A su vez, Mompox constituye un hito estructurante del desarrollo regional, en el contexto histórico, urbano­ arquitectónico, ambiental y socio­cultural, y un referente importante de la memoria de la humanidad, en tanto está inscrito en la lista del patrimonio mundial desde 1995. La conservación, tutela y revitalización de estos hitos culturales y naturales dependen de estrategias sistémicas de valoración, planeamiento, gestión y educación de las valías patrim oniales culturales y ambientales de Mompox y la región. El objetivo de esta publicación es poner en valor el patrimonio de Mompox y del río Grande de la Magdalena, como ejes estructurantes de fundación, poblamiento y desarrollo urbano, y como marcas del paisaje y ejes de multiculturalidad y biodiversidad regional, a partir de la valoración de su historia, arquitectura y ambiente y la concepción del patrimonio com o sistema contenedor de la expresión humana en su íntima relación con el entorno. El patrimonio de Mompox es tratado desde su contexto histórico durante los períodos pre­hispánico, colonial y el más reciente el aprovechamiento de los recursos naturales y la actividad fluvial en los procesos de poblamiento y colonización española y la configuración urbana de la ciudad.

  17. Reproduction and conservation of the Magdalena River turtle (Podocnemis lewyana) in the Claro Cocorna Sur River, Colombia

    Ceballos, Claudia P; Romero, Isabel; Gomez Saldarriaga, Catalina; Miranda, Karla

    2014-01-01

    The Magdalena river turtle, Podocnemis lewyana, is an endangered and endemic turtle from Colombia. Among the most important information needed to conserve endangered species is to identify, monitor, and protect the sites used by the species to reproduce and grow. In this study we report, for the first time, the reproductive output and the nesting beaches of P. lewyana in the Claro Cocorna Sur River, a tributary of the Magdalena river drainage. We systematically examined a river transect of 8 km with 14 sandy beaches during two nesting seasons in one year. We recorded a yearly production of 47 clutches, 957 eggs, and two preferred nesting beaches: Alto Bonito with 51 %, and Belgica with 28.3 % of this reproductive output. Aafuver, a community-based organization, has led a headstarting program since 2010 to decrease in-situ egg mortality due to predation on nesting beaches. Aafuver collects and incubates the eggs ex-situ, raises the hatchlings for one to five months and then releases them into the same river. To understand potential effects of such egg manipulation, we monitored and compared in-situ and ex-situ incubation temperatures. We found ex-situ temperatures below the pivotal temperature known for P. lewyana and below the temperatures in nesting beaches. Finally, we monitored hatchlings growth under aafuver captive conditions, and found that hatchlings duplicated their body mass during the first three months of age. Egg weight was strongly associated to body weight at hatching; however this association is lost by the third month of age. We strongly encourage supporting this community-based conservation program, and the protection of the Claro Cocorna Sur River as an important nesting and growth habitat for the conservation of P. lewyana.

  18. Clones de Hevea brasiliensis de alta productividad caracterizados por resistencia a Microcyclus ulei en jardin clonal en el magdalena medio colombiano

    Yeirme Yaneth Jaimes Suarez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Con el objetivo de introducir en la región del magdalena medio de Colombia nuevos clones de caucho (Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex A. Juss. Müll. Arg. de alta productividad y con resistencia al Mal de las Hojas, se evaluaron materiales un jardín clonal establecido en Cimitarra, Colombia en la región del magdalena medio. Se evaluó la incidencia y la severidad del ataque de Microcyclus ulei (P. Henn. von Arx. según Garcia et al. (1. Se encontró resistencia completa al mal de las hojas para los clones CDC 312, FDR 4575, FDR 5597, FDR 5788 y MDF 180 y resistencia parcial para los clones FX 3864 y CDC 32. Los clones RRIM 901, PB 235 y PB 260 se mostraron como susceptibles. De acuerdo con los resultados, los clones con resistencia total y parcial se podrán recomendar para zonas preferenciales con restricción para el cultivo, una vez este comportamiento se corroboré en campo clonal. En cuanto a los clones susceptibles se pueden recomendar para zonas de escape al mal de las hojas en el Magdalena Medio Colombiano.

  19. Variación diaria de la abundancia del zooplancton en Bahía Magdalena, B.C.S. México Daily cycle of zooplankton abundance in Magdalena Bay, B.C.S. Mexico

    Sergio Hernández-Trujillo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta la variación diaria de la abundancia de zooplancton en Bahía Magdalena, México a partir de muestreos en una estación fija durante 10 días en febrero de 2002. De 112 taxa identificados, los nauplios de balanos y los cladóceros Penilia avirostris y Pseudevadne tergestina fueron los más comunes y abundantes y con niveles de variación diaria de más del 100%. Los copépodos constituyeron una quinta parte de la abundancia del zooplancton y 7 de las 80 especies encontradas se registran por vez primera en la zona de estudio. La abundancia del zooplancton fue parcialmente coherente con la hidrografía de la bahía, así como con un modelo de retención de partículas. Las 3 especies de copépodos más abundantes fueron más numerosas a inicio de la serie pero tendieron a reducir su densidad hacia el fin del lapso de estudio. La hidrodinámica invernal en la zona se identificó como un factor de concentración de zooplancton, quizá de importancia mayor que la temperatura o la concentración de clorofila a, aún no estimada en la estructura de la comunidad ni en la intensidad de las relaciones interespecíficas.This paper presents the daily variation of the abundance of zooplankton in Magdalena Bay, Mexico from sampling in a fixed-station for 10 days of February 2002. From 112 taxa identified barnacles nauplii and cladocerans Penilia avirostris and Pseudevadne tergestina were the most common and abundant with daily variation levels more than 100%. The copepods constituted one fifth of zooplankton abundance and 7 of the 80 species found were recorded for the first time in the study area. Zooplankton abundance showed partially coherent pattern with the hidrography of the bay as well as particles retention model. The 3 species of copepods more abundant were more numerous at the beginning of the time series but tended to reduce its density toward the end of the time of study. Winter hydrodynamics was identified as a factor of zooplankton

  20. Formas de carbono orgánico en suelos con diferentes usos en el departamento del Magdalena (Colombia Some forms of organic carbon in soil with different uses in the Department of Magdalena (Colombia

    José Rafael Vásquez-Polo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Las fracciones de materia orgánica del suelo (MOS lábiles y humificadas pueden ser afectadas por las prácticas de uso y manejo; sin embargo el impacto de estos cambios no se ha evaluado en suelos y ambientes tropicales. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar los contenidos y algunas formas de carbono orgánico del suelo (COS en cinco zonas de clima cálido tropical (0 - 1110 m.s.n.m. del departamento del Magdalena (Colombia y el efecto que sobre ellas han tenido las prácticas asociadas a suelos cultivados con café (Coffea arabica, banano (Musa sp., palma africana (Elaeis guineensis y sábila (Aloe vera, comparados con suelos de bosques naturales. No se encontraron diferencias (P Fractions of soil organic matter (SOM labile and humified, can be affected by use and management practices, but the impact of these changes has not been evaluated in soils of tropical environments. The present study investigated the contents and some forms of soil organic carbon (SOC in five warm tropical climate zones of the Department of Magdalena (Colombia, and the effect of the cropping practices on these forms of organic carbon in cultivated soils, associated with Coffee (Coffea arabica, Banana (Musa sp., African palm (Elaeis guineensis, Aloe (Aloe vera compared to natural forest soils. Significant differences (P < 0.05 were not found between zones as much use soil as. Low average values of SOM in the study areas and higher contents of total carbon in forest soils than in cultivated soils were reported. Forest soils had an average carbon accumulation total of 42.4 mg/ha at 20 cm, compared to 33.8 mg/ha in the cultivated soils, this equates to an average loss of 23% total C by the effect of crop management in these soils, compared to C humified (C extracted with sodium pyrophosphate, values are observed very low in cultivated soils and almost zero in forest soils, but forest soils had a higher number of stable forms of C (Cnox. In the soil cultivated

  1. Relationship between petrographic pore types and core measurements in sandstones of the Monserrate Formation, upper Magdalena Valley, Colombia

    Ehrlich, R; Cobaleda, G; Barclay, Ferm

    1997-01-01

    Patterns of porosity in sandstones of the Monserrate Formation (Upper Magdalena Valley) exposed in polished blocks have been digitally recorded using an image processor coupled to a scanning electron microscope operated in back scatter electron mode. Additionally, porosity, permeability and response to mercury injection-capillary pressure tests were measured on some of the imaged samples. Porosity pattern were evaluated via an erosion/dilation-differencing image-processing algorithm and then classified by the self-training classifier, SAWVEC. Changes in the resulting pore type proportions were strongly associated with changes in the mercury porosimetry curves. From the image processing data, five pore types, sufficient to include all of the variability in size and shape of the patterns of porosity, were identified. Variations in the number of pares of each type per unit cross sectional area were related to variations in permeability. The resultant relationships with mercury porosimetry demonstrated that pares of the same type tends to form microcircuits characterized by a limited throat size range. Permeability modeling showed that intergranular Pare Types 2 and 4 (secondary porosity resulting from carbonate dissolution) are responsible for permeability in the 0,01 - 0,1 0 Darcy range. Type 5 pares (large molds) slightly contribute to permeability, except in coarse grained rocks where they are efficiently connected by micro fractures

  2. Geochemistry of Dissolved Trace Metals in the Waters of Bahia Magdalena, Baja California Sur, Pacific Coast, Mexico

    Suresh Babu, S.

    2016-12-01

    Forty two samples were acquired from the surface and bottom water profiles along 5 transects spread over Bahia Magdalena lagoon, Baja California Sur to assess the behavior of trace metals in a high influenced upwelling region on the Pacific coast. To elaborate the fate of metals, also the physico-chemical parameters (pH, temperature, salinity, conductivity, dissolved oxygen). Determination of the concentrations of trace metals (Fe, Mn, Cr, Cu, Co, Pb, Ni, Zn, Cd As, Hg) were measured using Atomic absorption spectrometry. The results demonstrated high values of As, Ni and Co which is attributed to the local geology and phosphate deposits. Low values of Fe and Mn are attested to the oxic conditions of the lagoon which are responsible for the oxidation of Fe and Mn. The region witnesses raised temperatures (28.92ºC) and salinities of 35.2 PSU for its arid climatic conditions and high rates of evaporation. In general, the region presented minor quantities of dissolved trace metals due to dispersion and high intense interaction with the open sea. The results were also compared with other studies to understand the enrichment pattern in this side of the pacific coast which experiences various geothermal activities and upwelling phenomenon.

  3. Las 'fiebres del Magdalena': medicina y sociedad en la construcción de una noción médica colombiana, 1859-1886 'Magdalena fevers': medicine and society in the construction of a Colombian medical notion, 1859-1886

    Claudia Mónica García

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Explora los fundamentos teóricos, sociales e ideológicos del surgimiento y consolidación de la noción médica colombiana 'fiebres del Magdalena'. Muestra cómo el naciente cuerpo médico colombiano elaboró unas nociones peculiares sobre las fiebres articulando las teorías médicas europeas con la valoración negativa sobre el clima cálido. Explica la forma en que las políticas librecambistas de mediados de siglo así como el impacto económico e ideológico del boom agro exportador del tabaco y el añil determinaron el interés de los médicos por las epidemias ocurridas en los centros productores de estos bienes y, por tanto, el surgimiento de la noción 'fiebres del Magdalena'. Muestra cómo los médicos establecieron una asociación causal entre el proceso productivo de dichos artículos y las fiebres.In this article, I explore the theoretical, social and ideological bases of the emergence and consolidation of the Colombian medical notion of the 'Magdalena fevers'. Firstly I show how, in the late 1850s, the emerging Colombian body of medical doctors elaborated peculiar notions on fevers by articulating the European medical theories (i.e. the miasmatic theory and the climatic determination of diseases with the negative valuation of the hot climate. Secondly, I explain how free trade policies in the mid-1800s, and the economic and ideological impacts of the agricultural export of tobacco and indigo determined doctors' interest in the epidemics occurring in the production centers and also, therefore, the emergence of the notion of 'Magdalena fevers'. I also show how doctors established a causal association between the productive process of those goods and the fevers.

  4. Avances en los objetivos de desarrollo del milenio en Santa Marta, Magdalena y Colombia (2005 – 2009

    Lidice Álvarez Miño

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ResumenCon el nuevo milenio los países miembros del sistema de Naciones Unidas decidieron establecer objetivos concretos, con metas específicas, para mejorar la vida de la población, principalmente de la más pobre. Colombia acogió dicha directriz y propuso metas nacionales a lograr en el 2015. El avance alcanzado en las metas está determinado por múltiples aspectos estructurales cuya expresión varía en cada ámbito territorial. Para identificar dichas diferencias, se realizó un estudio analítico-comparativo de los resultados obtenidos en Colombia, el Magdalena y Santa Marta para el periodo 2005 a 2009, con base en estadísticas del Instituto Nacional de Salud y del Departamento Administrativo Nacional Estadística. A partir del cálculo de tasas y razones se estableció que algunos logros registrados a nivel nacional, como la razón de mortalidad materna (pasando de 73X100.000nv en 2005 a 59X100.000nv en 2009 contrastan con dinámicas como la del Virus de Inmunodeficiencia Humana (para 2005 registró 3976 casos nuevos mientras para el 2009, 8094 casos nuevos. Además, se identificó la brecha existente entre el nivel nacional y el local. Se espera que estos resultados llamen la atención de los “decisores de políticas” para que, más allá del cumplimiento formal del objetivo, transformen elementos determinantes de la vida de la población implicada. (DUAZARY 2011, 17 - 23AbstractIn the new millennium, members of the United Nations system decided to set specific goals to improve life of the population, mainly the poorest people. Colombia welcomed this new guide and proposed own national targets to achieve in 2015. The progress made in each goal is determined by multiple structural features, whose expression varies by the territory (national, departmental and local. To identify these territorially variation, a comparative analytical study was performed using statistics from the National Institute of Health and National Bureau of

  5. Programa de orientación y consejería a estudiantes y padres de familia del programa de enfermeria de la Universidad del Magdalena

    Tatiana González Noguera

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl presente Programa de Orientación Terapéutica a Padres de Familia y Estudiantes del Programa de Enfermería de la Universidad del Magdalena tiene por objetivo restablecer el equilibrio emocional del estudiante, como medio para ayudarlo en el enfrentamiento de las crisis, contribuir a la solución del problema y su crecimiento personal; actualmente pretende fomentar la interacción con los padres de familia y los estudiantes a través de encuentros periódicos institucionales directos e indirectos que estimulen la convivencia pacifica en el ámbito intrafamiliar, lo cual redundan en el buen rendimiento académico y crecimiento personal de los estudiantes. Este proyecto ha despertado el interés de diferentes ambientes académicos de la Universidad del Magdalena los cuales se han vinculado desarrollando softwares especiales a fin de facilitar el registro de actividades e informes estadísticos. Los registros desde su inicio en el segundo semestre de 2004, evidencian la asistencia del 64% de los padres de familia a los talleres y del 87% de los estudiantes del programa a diferentes tipos de intervención individual o grupal. (Duazary 2007; 1: 71 - 78AbstractThe present Program of Therapeutic Orientation Family parents and Students of the Program of Nursing of the University of Magdalena has for aim restore the emotional balance of the student, helping it in the clash of the crises, contributing to the solution of the problem and personal growth; simultaneously that foments the interaction with the family parents and the students across periodic institutional direct and indirect meetings that stimulate the living together appeases in the area intrafamiliar(family, redounding to the good academic performance(yield and personal growth of the students. This project to woken up the interest of different academic environments of the University of Magdalena which have linked themselves developing software in order to facilitate the record of

  6. Aplicación de modelo ARIMA para el análisis de series de volúmenes anuales en el río Magdalena

    Amaris, Gloria; Ávila, Humberto; Guerrero, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    Resumen Contexto: Los efectos del cambio climático, intervenciones humanas y características de los ríos, son factores que incrementan el riesgo en la población y de los recursos hídricos. Sin embargo, impactos negativos como inundaciones y desecación de ríos pueden ser identificados previamente mediante el uso de herramientas de modelación adecuadas. Objetivos: Se estima un modelo ARIMA para el análisis de series de tiempo de volúmenes anuales (millones de m³/año) en el río Magdalena usando ...

  7. El papel de los manglares en la producción de las comunidades acuáticas de Bahía Magdalena, B.C.S.

    Chávez Rosales, Samuel

    2006-01-01

    El bosque de manglar de Bahía Magdalena se ubica entre dos ecosistemas ca características totalmente diferentes, por lo que constituyen en si una zona d transición, en donde se presenta una gran complejidad funcional y estructural. S establecieron las características de cobertura, productividad y estructura del bosque, así como la transferencia de energía del manglar, a la zona acuática adyacente mediante un modelo de flujos tróficos. Para el caso se consideró que la productividad inducida po...

  8. La democratización de los medios de producción: El caso compra de la hacienda La Magdalena

    Guerra Miño, Darwin Damián

    2017-01-01

    Analizar el proceso de la democratización de los medios de producción a través del caso de la compra de la hacienda La Magdalena en la parroquia Angochagua, provincia de Imbabura. La Democratización de los medios de producción es una política de estado. La tenencia de la tierra ha sido uno de los principales problemas a solucionar en busca del desarrollo. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar el proceso de la democratización de los medios de producción: tomando como ejemplo el caso d...

  9. Aspectos hidro-limnológicos en las ciénagas de Chucuri y Aguas Negras (Magdalena Medio, Colombia) durante un ciclo anual

    García Lozano Luis Carlos; Márquez Calle Germán; Pedraza Gilma Estella

    1989-01-01

    El presente estudio analiza características hrdrológicas-limnológicas de la estructura y funcionamiento de las ciénagas de Chucuri y Aguas Negras localizadas en la planicie aluvial del Valle Medio del rio Magdalena. Se basa en seguimientos bimensuales en diez estaciones de muestreo, durante el ciclo anual: abril de 1983 a marzo de 1984. Se resalta la presencia de dos estadios definidos asociados al régimen de inundación y sequia con rasgos característicos en la comunidad fitoplanctón...

  10. Análisis funcional de la red trófica de Bahía Magdalena Baja California Sur, México

    Cruz-Escalona,Víctor H; Morales-Zárate,María V; Navia,Andrés F; Rguez-Baron,Juan M; del Monte-Luna,Pablo

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo del presente estudio fue desarrollar un modelo trófico (ECOPATH con ECOSIM) para caracterizar la estructura y función de la trama alimentaria de Bahía Magdalena. El modelo consta de 24 grupos funcionales, siendo dominado por grupos de niveles tróficos secundarios y terciarios, que generan un tercio de los flujos de biomasa total. Los flujos totales del sistema y la eficiencia de transferencia promedio entre niveles tróficos, encajan bien en el rango reportado para otros ecosistema...

  11. DNA fragmentation and membrane damage of bocachico Prochilodus magdalenae (Ostariophysi: Prochilodontidae sperm following cryopreservation with dimethylsulfoxide and glucose

    José Gregorio Martínez

    Full Text Available The endangered bocachico Prochilodus magdalenae is a native freshwater fish of Colombia, the most captured species locally and one of the most important species for ex-situ conservation (germplasm banks. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of three concentrations of Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO (5%, 10%, 15% and three of glucose (305, 333, 361 mM in the extender on spermatic DNA fragmentation (F-DNA (by Halomax®, Chromatin dispersion and membrane damage (D-Me (by eosin-nigrosin staining. After assessment of sperm quality by computer analysis of motility, one part of semen from males was diluted separately with three parts of extender and filled into 0.5 ml straws. Freezing was carried out in liquid nitrogen vapor dry shipper for 30 minutes and thawed at 60ºC for 8 seconds in a water bath and evaluated for the percentage of cells found with F-DNA and D-Me. The results demonstrated that cryopreservation causes greater F-DNA (13.62 ± 1.6% to 28.91 ± 3.25 and D-Me (24.27 ± 1.1% to 58.33 ± 2.81% when compared with pre-freezing semen (PFS (6.71 ± 1.54% and 2.34 ± 0.5%, respectively for F-DNA and D-Me. A significant interaction was found between DMSO and glucose concentration in this experiment. Use of extender: 10% DMSO + 305 mM glucose + 12% chicken egg yolk and, 10% DMSO + 333 mM glucose + 12% chicken egg yolk, allow for lower F-DNA and D-Me during cryopreservation of bocachico semen. A high correlation between F-DNA and D-Me was found (r = 0.771.

  12. Fauna silvestre asociada a ganado vacuno doble propósito en sistema de silvopastoreo, Pinto, Magdalena, Colombia

    Jaime De La Ossa V.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Evaluar la biodiversidad faunística asociada a ganadería vacuna de doble propósito en dos potreros estructurados con Botriochloa pertusa (colosoana como herbácea dominante, uno de ellos plantado con Crescentia cujete (Bignoniaceae como fuente de alimento adicional y otro con escaso y disperso arbolado. Materiales y métodos. El área de estudio está ubicada en el municipio de Pinto, Magdalena. Cada potrero evaluado fue de 10 ha, se mantuvo en cada uno un lote de quince vacas (½ Cebú, ¼ Pardo y ¼ Costeño con Cuernos, la separación entre las áreas muestreadas fue de 500m. Los registros de fauna se condujeron mediante punto fijo de conteo, en diez sitios de avistamiento, durante 20 días continuos, con cubrimiento visual amplio. Al ganado vacuno adulto presente en las dos áreas de trabajo se le realizó un pesaje individual al inicio del trabajo y al final del mismo, con el fin de determinar posibles diferencias entre ellos. Resultados. Estadísticamente el número de individuos y el número de especies presentaron diferencias significativas, siendo mayor la diversidad biológica para el potrero que poseía la plantación de C. cujete, mientras que el peso corporal de las vacas sometidas a pastoreo en las dos áreas no presentó diferencias significativas. Conclusiones. Se demuestra la importancia de este modelo pecuario como promotor de la conservación faunística local al convertirse enrefugio de variadas especies silvestres, al tiempo que mantiene la productividad existente sin alterar el ambiente sustancialmente.

  13. Relationship between soil and edaphoclimatic properties and the Black Sigatoka incidence (Mycosphaerella fijiensis Morelet in the Banana Region of Magdalena - Colombia

    Sonia Esperanza Aguirre Forero

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Black Sigatoka (Mycosphaerella fijiensis Morelet disease is the greatest limiting factor affecting banana crop production across the world. The pathogen´s severity has reached epidemic levels and is exacerbated by the cultivation of monocultures and genetically uniform clones. In Colombia, losses occur in the exporting regions of Uraba and Magdalena, where its management depends on the use of agrochemicals, without achieving eradication. In the search for methods to reduce the pathogen’s effect within the banana zone of the departamento del Magdalena, Colombia, the relationship between climate, soil properties, and the presence of the disease was determined. Were utilized data from geographic informational systems, digitalized the data from the soil variables reported in the soil study conducted by IGAC (2009, records from weather stations in the region, and data showing the incidence rate of the pathogen. As a result of the study were established three areas (high, medium and low incidence rate and discovered a positive correlation between the incidence rate of the disease with precipitation (r = 0.56, interchangeable magnesium, Mg+2 (r = 0.45, microporosity (r = 0.40, clay content (r = 0.54, and evaporation (r = 0.51. Were observed that there are soil conditions that influence the presence of the disease, variables that should be kept in mind in the management of banana cultivation.

  14. Evolución de las características socioeconómicas de los pescadores de Ciénaga, Magdalena

    Luis Gabriel Durán-Fernández

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación analiza la evolución socioeconómica de los pescadores artesanales del municipio de Ciénaga (Magdalena. La información fue recopilada  mediante la realización de dos encuestas, una en el año 2011 (397 perteneciente a un proyecto interno de la Universidad del Magdalena y la otra en el periodo 2014 (199, que permitieron construir una base de datos con información social y económica de esta población objeto de estudio. Los resultados analizados demostraron que no hay grandes avances en la situación socioeconómica de los pescadores artesanales y su núcleo familiar, en el cual los diferentes módulos de las encuestas demostraron estancamientos y desmejora en los diversos niveles de educación alcanzados por los hijos y cónyuges de los encuestados, además un deterioro en la forma de eliminación de desechos porque existe un aumento en la cantidades de hogares que afirmaron que la queman o la vierten en el rio y la ciénaga.

  15. Formas de carbono orgánico en suelos con diferentes usos en el departamento del Magdalena (Colombia

    Menjivar Flores Juan Carlos

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Las fracciones de materia orgánica del suelo (MOS lábiles y humificadas pueden ser afectadas por las prácticas de uso y manejo; sin embargo el impacto de estos cambios no se ha evaluado en suelos y ambientes tropicales. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar los contenidos y algunas formas de carbono orgánico del suelo (COS en cinco zonas de clima cálido tropical (0 - 1110 m.s.n.m. del departamento del Magdalena (Colombia y el efecto que sobre ellas han tenido las prácticas asociadas a suelos cultivados con café (Coffea arabica, banano (Musa sp., palma africana (Elaeis guineensis y sábila (Aloe vera, comparados con suelos de bosques naturales. No se encontraron diferencias (P < 0.05 tanto entre zonas como entre usos del suelo, se presentaron valores medios a bajos de MOS en las zonas de estudio y contenidos de carbono total (Ct mayores en suelos de bosques que en suelos cultivados, así los suelos de bosques presentan una acumulación media de Ct de 42.4 mg/ha a 20 cm, frente a 33.8 mg/ha en los suelos cultivados, esto equivale a una pérdida media de Ct del 23% por efecto del manejo de los cultivos. En relación con el carbono extraíble con pirofosfato sódico altamente relacionado con las fracciones humificadas de la MOS (Cp se observaron valores muy bajos en los suelos cultivados y casi nulos en suelos de bosques; sin embargo estos últimos presentan mayor contenido de formas de carbono no-oxidables o estables (Cnox determinado por diferencia entre Ct - carbono oxidable (Cox. En el suelo cultivado con banano, el Ct corresponde en su totalidad a formas de Cox; mientras que en el suelo cultivado con palma africana las formas estables Cnox representaron 83% del carbono total.

  16. Formas de carbono orgánico en suelos con diferentes usos en el departamento del Magdalena (Colombia

    José Rafael Vásquez-Polo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Las fracciones de materia orgánica del suelo (MOS lábiles y humificadas pueden ser afectadas por las prácticas de uso y manejo; sin embargo el impacto de estos cambios no se ha evaluado en suelos y ambientes tropicales. El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar los contenidos y algunas formas de carbono orgánico del suelo (COS en cinco zonas de clima cálido tropical (0 - 1110 m.s.n.m. del departamento del Magdalena (Colombia y el efecto que sobre ellas han tenido las prácticas asociadas a suelos cultivados con café (Coffea arabica, banano (Musa sp., palma africana (Elaeis guineensis y sábila (Aloe vera, comparados con suelos de bosques naturales. No se encontraron diferencias (P < 0.05 tanto entre zonas como entre usos del suelo, se presentaron valores medios a bajos de MOS en las zonas de estudio y contenidos de carbono total (Ct mayores en suelos de bosques que en suelos cultivados, así los suelos de bosques presentan una acumulación media de Ct de 42.4 mg/ha a 20 cm, frente a 33.8 mg/ha en los suelos cultivados, esto equivale a una pérdida media de Ct del 23% por efecto del manejo de los cultivos. En relación con el carbono extraíble con pirofosfato sódico altamente relacionado con las fracciones humificadas de la MOS (Cp se observaron valores muy bajos en los suelos cultivados y casi nulos en suelos de bosques; sin embargo estos últimos presentan mayor contenido de formas de carbono no-oxidables o estables (Cnox determinado por diferencia entre Ct - carbono oxidable (Cox. En el suelo cultivado con banano, el Ct corresponde en su totalidad a formas de Cox; mientras que en el suelo cultivado con palma africana las formas estables Cnox representaron 83% del carbono total.

  17. Fraccionamiento químico del carbono en suelos con diferentes usos en el departamento de Magdalena, Colombia

    José Rafael Vásquez Polo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El cambio en el uso y manejo de los suelos puede afectar su capacidad para capturar carbono, cuya magnitud es desconocida en la región norte del departamento de Magdalena, Colombia. En este sentido es importante avanzar en estudios de caracterización cualitativa de la materia orgánica del suelo y el efecto que sobre ella han tenido los cambios de uso y el manejo de suelos dedicados al monocultivo. Por tal motivo se estudió la relación de los diferentes usos del suelo sobre los contenidos y formas de carbono (C en seis zonas edafoclimáticas al norte de dicho departamento, ubicado entre 5 y 956 m de altitud, con temperaturas medias entre 24 y 30 °C y precipitaciones medias entre 663 y 2000 mm. En cada zona se muestrearon dos sitios, cultivos tropicales y bosques (húmedos y secos tropicales, tomando cuatro muestras compuestas por diez submuestras aleatorias por sitio, en las que se determinó C total (Ct, C oxidable total (Cox, C hidrolizable con HCl 6N (Ch, C ligado al material húmico (Cp mediante extracción con pirofosfato sódico y C no oxidable (Cnox o C recalcitrante calculado como la diferencia Ct-Cox. El C total almacenado (Cta por unidad de superficie se calculó teniendo en cuenta la densidad aparente (Da y la profundidad de muestreo. Se encontraron diferencias estadísticas significativas por el efecto de las zonas, los valores mayores en porcentaje de Nt (0.32, Ct (3.90, Cox (3.85, Ch (2.05 y Cp (1.15 y Cta (109 Mg ha-1 se presentaron en los suelos de bosque húmedo de la zona 1, siendo la de mayor altitud (956 m, precipitación (2000 mm y menor temperatura (24 °C. Para el factor usos del suelo solo presentaron diferencias significativas las propiedades: Nt, Ct, Cox y Ch. Los valores de las formas de C más estables para los suelos de bosques, superaron los de los suelos de cultivo, en este contexto, Cox y Cnox representaron 95% y 5% del Ct, respectivamente Se observó en promedio una pérdida de 26% del Ct en suelos de

  18. Estudio para la medición de seguridad alimentaria y nutricional en el Magdalena medio colombiano. Caso Cesar.

    Sara Del Castillo M.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes. El presente artículo presenta los resultados del Estudio para la Medición de la Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional  (SAN en el Magdalena Medio Colombiano. Caso César, realizado por Obusinga y el OBSAN, financiado por OBUSINGA y por la UGI de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Adicionalmente, forma parte de las acciones del Proyecto de Construcción Participativa de una Propuesta de Desarrollo Territorial con Perspectiva Alimentaria en 12 Municipios del Departamento del Cesar. Objetivo. Determinar el nivel de inseguridad alimentaria y nutricional de la población de los 12  municipios. Material y métodos.  El estudio se basó en las referencias establecidas por el Instituto de Nutrición de Centroamérica y Panamá, la metodología utilizada corresponde a la diseñada por la Universidad Nacional de Colombia para los estudios de Canasta de Alimentos desde el 2003, adaptada para este estudio por la Corporación  Obusinga. Resultados. Los principales resultados de la investigación permitieron reconocer algunas características sociodemográficas de la población objeto, identificar la Canasta Alimentaria Básica de los municipios seleccionados, estableciendo la Canasta Usual de Alimentos, canasta alimentaria recomendada, y la línea de indigencia y pobreza de los  hogares. Conclusión. La importancia de dichos resultados dejan en evidencia los altos niveles de inseguridad alimentaria de la población de los municipios del sur del departamento del César trabajados, los cuales se ven reflejados en los niveles de adecuación de calorías y nutrientes, el alto porcentaje de hogares bajo las líneas de pobreza e indigencia, constituyéndose en una herramienta básica para orientar la formulación o ajuste de los planes locales de SAN en la Región.

  19. DNA fragmentation and membrane damage of bocachico Prochilodus magdalenae (Ostariophysi: Prochilodontidae sperm following cryopreservation with dimethylsulfoxide and glucose

    José Gregorio Martínez

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The endangered bocachico Prochilodus magdalenae is a native freshwater fish of Colombia, the most captured species locally and one of the most important species for ex-situ conservation (germplasm banks. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of three concentrations of Dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO (5%, 10%, 15% and three of glucose (305, 333, 361 mM in the extender on spermatic DNA fragmentation (F-DNA (by Halomax®, Chromatin dispersion and membrane damage (D-Me (by eosin-nigrosin staining. After assessment of sperm quality by computer analysis of motility, one part of semen from males was diluted separately with three parts of extender and filled into 0.5 ml straws. Freezing was carried out in liquid nitrogen vapor dry shipper for 30 minutes and thawed at 60ºC for 8 seconds in a water bath and evaluated for the percentage of cells found with F-DNA and D-Me. The results demonstrated that cryopreservation causes greater F-DNA (13.62 ± 1.6% to 28.91 ± 3.25 and D-Me (24.27 ± 1.1% to 58.33 ± 2.81% when compared with pre-freezing semen (PFS (6.71 ± 1.54% and 2.34 ± 0.5%, respectively for F-DNA and D-Me. A significant interaction was found between DMSO and glucose concentration in this experiment. Use of extender: 10% DMSO + 305 mM glucose + 12% chicken egg yolk and, 10% DMSO + 333 mM glucose + 12% chicken egg yolk, allow for lower F-DNA and D-Me during cryopreservation of bocachico semen. A high correlation between F-DNA and D-Me was found (r = 0.771.O curimba Prochilodus magdalenae, é uma espécie nativa de água doce da Colômbia ameaçada de extinção, sendo a mais capturada localmente e uma das mais importantes para a conservação ex-situ (bancos de germoplasma. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito de três concentrações de dimetilsulfóxido (DMSO (5%, 10%, 15% e três de glicose (305, 333, 361 mM no diluente sobre a fragmentação do ADN espermático (F-DNA (através de Halomax®, dispersão da cromatina e danos em

  20. Presencia del maltrato y abuso sexual en el hogar de estudiantes de secundaria en tres colegios públicos de la ciudad de Santa Marta – Magdalena- (Colombia

    Yuris Maria Batista Vargas

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Title: Presence of abuse and sexual abuse in the home of high school students in three public schools of the city of Santa Marta - Magdalena-(Colombia.ResumenEl presente estudio se fundamentó en identificar la presencia del maltrato infantil y abuso sexual en el hogar de estudiantes adolescentes, matriculados para el año 2011 en tres colegios públicos de estrato uno de la ciudad de Santa Marta – Magdalena. La muestra estuvo conformada por 230 participantes, en edades entre 14 y 16 años, quienes fueron evaluados a través del ISPCAN, versión para niños/as (ICAST-C. Los resultados señalan la existencia del maltrato físico (13%, psicológico (29% y de abuso sexual (32%. Por otra parte, se encontró que el género femenino obtuvo mayor porcentaje en el maltrato de tipo físico y sexual, mientras que los varones presentan mayor  porcentaje de maltrato psicológico. Se concluye que uno de cada tres estudiantes ha sido objeto de los tipos de abuso en estudio. (DUAZARY 2013 No. 1, 67 - 72AbstractThis study was based on identifying the presence of child abuse and sexual abuse in the home of teenage students, enrolled for 2011 in three public schools in tier one of the city of Santa Marta - Magdalena. The sample consisted of 230 participants, aged between 14 and 16 years, who were evaluated through ISPCAN, children’s version / as (ICAST-C. The results indicate the existence of physical abuse (13%, psychological (29% and sexual abuse (32%. Moreover, it was found that female scored higher percentage of physical abuse and sexual abuse, while males have a higher rate of psychological abuse. It is concluded that one in three students has been the subject of study types of abuse.Keywords: violence; sexual violence; university

  1. Percepciones estudiantiles sobre el proceso de acreditación por alta calidad del programa de administración de empresas de la universidad del magdalena

    Javier Viloria-Escobar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aimed to explore the perceptions of students of Business Administration Program of the University of Magdalena on the accreditation process for high quality that is submitted to the Ministry of Education. For which a random sample of 100 students was taken, who are part of various academic semesters, answered a questionnaire that asked for their views on the process. The main results support the view that students have a huge sense of belonging to the program and believe that it deserves accreditation by the Ministry and, further, this certificate becomes something positive for their careers. We conclude that, despite the apparent acceptance of the conditions of program quality, it is necessary that efforts be brought forward to create a culture of quality throughout the student population and a and a nationwide study is proposed to investigate these perceptions in various universities in Colombia, having as reference the implications of the context to which they belong.

  2. VISIBILIZACIÓN DE LA MEMORIA DE LAS VÍCTIMAS DE LA VIOLENCIA EN EL DEPARTAMENTO DEL MAGDALENA: RESILIENCIA PARA CONSTRUIR VERDAD JURIDICA

    Edimer Leonardo Latorre Iglesias

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Las víctimas de la violencia en el Departamento del Magdalena han sido silenciadas por el olvido sistemático del gobierno, de la sociedad en general y, de los medios masivos de comunicación; ya que establecen sus agendas de contenidos sin tener en cuenta el sufrimiento, casi permanente, de quienes han sido tradicionalmente excluidos de la sociedad. En ese proceso de negación constante y de aplazamiento de los derechos de las personas en condición de desplazados forzosos, las víctimas de la violencia desarrollan resilencia internamente y externamente. El artículo que a continuación se presenta, retoma de forma general los aspectos claves de la investigación finalizada sobre: comunicación, memoria y resiliencia, desarrollada por la Escuela de Comunicación social y periodismo de la Universidad Sergio Arboleda seccional Santa Marta.

  3. MEMORIA Y RESILIENCIA. Estudio de la memoria de las victimas del conflicto armado en el departamento del magdalena: presentificacion, visibilizacion, catarsis y resiliencia

    Edimer Leonardo Latorre Iglesias

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Las víctimas de la violencia en el Departamento del Magdalena han sido silenciadas por el olvido sistemático del gobierno, de la sociedad en general y de los medios masivos de comunicación, que al establecer sus agendas de contenidos, no tienen en cuenta el sufrimiento casi permanente de los tradicionalmente excluidos de la sociedad. En ese proceso de negación constante y de aplazamiento de los derechos de las personas en condición de desplazados forzosos, las víctimas de la violencia desarrollan interna y externamente resiliencia. El presente artículo, retoma de forma general los aspectos claves de la investigación, sobre memoria y resiliencia que actualmente desarrolla la Escuela de Comunicación social y periodismo de la Universidad Sergio Arboleda seccional Santa Marta.

  4. Oceanographic features of the upwelling in front of Gaira's intent Magdalena Department, minor dry season of 2006

    Arevalo Martinez, Damian Leonardo; Franco Herrera, Andres

    2008-01-01

    In order to determine the influence of the ocean and atmospheric coupling dynamics on upwelling events, caused by Ekman's transport and by continental winds, as well as the possible fertilization effect produced by the increasing of the concentration of inorganic nutrients in coastal waters of Gaira's inlet, Magdalena department, during the minor dry season of 2006, atmospheric, oceanographic, and biological variables were measured by the implementation of the Eurelian method. A total of four samplings were carried out, among which two presented atmospheric and oceanic conditions that evidence the occurrence of upwelling events 48 hours before in response to strong winds coming from northeast (trade winds) and from the continent, whereas the other two samplings presented similar characteristics to those typical of rainy seasons. During this study, wind velocity and direction presented expected values during upwelling events caused by Ekman's transport and by continental winds (≥ 4.5 m/s, 26 Celsius degrade and 120 Celsius degrade, respectively), generating enough stress levels in the sea surface layer that could move it offshore (1.2 dynes/cm 2 ). During the days following the upwelling events, anomalies in water physical and chemical characteristics were observed, presenting low temperatures (26.1 +- 1.1 Celsius degrade), high salinity (36.0 +- 0.5) and, as a consequence, high densities (δ 26.31 +- 0.50), as well as low dissolved oxygen levels (4.04 +- 0.29 mL/L) and predominant subsaturation (84.3 +- 6.1 %) Inorganic nutrient concentration showed a relatively homogeneous behavior, keeping low nitrite (0.35 +- 0.02 μM) and phosphate (0.30 +- 0.01 μM) levels during all samplings, whereas the mean ammonium concentration was relatively high (1.08 +- 0.11 μM). In contrast, nitrate levels were high during all samplings, with higher values corresponding to upwelling events (9.48 +- 0.49 μM), although variation was not statistically significative. Phytoplanktonic

  5. Primera, área protegida, en el partido de Magdalena para la preservación del Ombusillo (Phytolacca tetrámera Hauman,in situ.

    Inés Petri

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Acuerdo entre la Dirección de Vialidad de la Provincia de Buenos Aires y la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias y Forestales de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata,Argentina. En el decanato de la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias y Forestales de la Universidad Nacional de La Plata, se firmo un convenio para la creación de un área para la investigación y desarrollo de conocimiento en defensa de Phytolacca tetrámera Hauman (ombucillo, en las canteras de conchilla que la Dirección de Vialidad de la Provincia de Buenos Aires posee en la Ruta Provincial nº 11, Km. 37,5 del Partido de Magdalena. Se genera así un área para la conservación in situ (en su lugar de origen de esta especie endémica (la cual no se la encuentra en estado natural en otro lugar del mundo del SE de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, que se halla en riesgo critico de extinción, con un área de distribución muy restringida, a las puertas de las zonas más pobladas del país. Actualmente se encuentran poblaciones o individuos aislados de esta especie mayoritariamente en los partidos de Magdalena y Punta Indio y sus alrededores. Dado su parentesco con otras especies del género Phytolacca, el ombú entre otras, presenta propiedades fungicidas y fungí estáticas y podría contener compuestos antitumorales, antivirales, bactericidas e insecticidas.

  6. Application of MODIS Products to Infer Possible Relationships Between Basin Land Cover and Coastal Waters Turbidity Using the Magdalena River, Colombia, as a Case Study

    Madrinan, Max Jacobo Moreno; Cordova, Africa Flores; Olivares, Francisco Delgado; Irwin, Dan

    2012-01-01

    Basin development and consequent change in basin land cover have been often associated with an increased turbidity in coastal waters because of sediment yield and nutrients loading. The later leads to phytoplankton abundance further exacerbating water turbidity. This subsequently affects biological and physical processes in coastal estuaries by interfering with sun light penetration to coral reefs and sea grass, and even affecting public health. Therefore, consistent estimation of land cover changes and turbidity trend lines is crucial to design environmental and restoration management plans, to predict fate of possible pollutants, and to estimate sedimentary fluxes into the ocean. Ground solely methods to estimate land cover change would be unpractical and traditional methods of monitoring in situ water turbidity can be very expensive and time consuming. Accurate monitoring on the status and trends of basin land cover as well as the water quality of the receiving water bodies are required for analysis of relationships between the two variables. Use of remote sensing (RS) technology provides a great benefit for both fields of study, facilitating monitoring of changes in a timely and cost effective manner and covering wide areas with long term measurements. In this study, the Magdalena River basin and fixed geographical locations in the estuarine waters of its delta are used as a case to study the temporal trend lines of both, land cover change and the reflectance of the water turbidity using satellite technology. Land cover data from a combined product between sensors Terra and Aqua (MCD12Q1) from MODIS will be adapted to the conditions in the Magdalena basin to estimate changes in land cover since year 2000 to 2009. Surface reflectance data from a MODIS, Terra (MOD09GQ), band 1, will be used in lieu of in situ water turbidity for the time period between 2000 and present. Results will be compared with available existing data.

  7. Quelques aspects de l'évolution géomorphologique quaternaire du haut bassin du Magdalena (Colombie

    1974-01-01

    Full Text Available Le bassin supérieur du Rio Magdalena présente les caractéristiques suivantes: 1 L'allure générale du bassin montre une influence très nette de la tectonique. Il s'est développé grâce à la présence d'un ensemble de blocs affaissés relativement les uns par rapport aux autres et entourés de blocs soulevés qui forment les limites du bassin. Dans certains cas des édifices volcaniques se superposent à ces blocs (Nevado del Huila, parâmes de Las Papas, par exemple. 2 Dans certaines parties du bassin (Nevado del Huila, environs du rio Mazamoras, et de Pitalito, le volcanisme s'est développé durant tout le Quaternaire. De la sorte, en général on observe un paroxysme volcanique durant la période d'accumulation de QIII dont la position géomorphologique est très semblable à celle du Mindel européen (Nebraska d'Amérique du Nord. Les matériaux volcaniques ont ainsi contribué à la mise en place de l'accumulation QIII mais cette accumulation n'est pas un produit du volcanisme car on l'observe bien développée dans des vallées ou il n'y eut aucune activité volcanique à cette époque. Ainsi, la mise en place du remplissage QIII provient d'une oscillation climatique. La granulométrie très grossière du matériel QIII provient de la combinaison du volcanisme et de cette oscillation climatique. 3 Dans le bassin, les événements morphogénétiques les plus saillants sont les suivants: - une incision extrêmement profonde des talwegs des avant l'accumulation de QIII cette incision a atteint au moins le niveau des rivières actuelles - la fossilisation des cañons incisés durant cette phase par l'accumulation très épaisse du matériel QIII. - postérieurement, a fonctionné une tendance très générale à l'incision uniquement interrompue par les phases d'accumulation QI et QII. Actuellement, cette incision n'est toujours pas arrivée au niveau atteint avant l'accumulation de QIII. Durant cette période d'incision des rivi

  8. Paleopatologías dentales más frecuentes en restos óseos de habitantes hallados en el Complejo Arqueológico El Brujo - Magdalena de Cao

    Chanamé Marín, Ann Rosemary

    2013-01-01

    The objective of the study was to determine the frequency of dental paleopathologies inhabitants skeletal remains found in the archaeological complex El Brujo - Magdalena de Cao. The population consisted of 106 skeletal remains over 18 years, according to the inclusion criteria. We evaluated dental caries, malocclusion, dental crowding, address anomalies, anomalies site, age and gender, using a data collection instrument and which reached the following results: . This study allows us to prese...

  9. EVALUACIÓN DE LA ROTIFEROFAUNA PRESENTE EN EL COMPLEJO DE PAJARALES DURANTE LA ÉPOCA LLUVIOSA, DEPARTAMENTO DE MAGDALENA, COLOMBIA

    SEBASTIÁN CELIS

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Con miras a evaluar posibles efectos de la recomunicación del río Magdalena con su antiguo delta, se determinó la abundancia y composición de la rotiferofauna del Complejo de Pajarales (CP, durante el período de mayor abundancia anual de zooplancton. El phylum Rotifera fue seleccionado por sus altas tasas reproductivas y eficiencia en procesos de transformación energética. Las muestras se colectaron con botella van Dorn durante la segunda temporada lluviosa de 2006. En cada una de las cuatro estaciones analizadas se registraron la salinidad, temperatura, pH y oxígeno disuelto. La diversidad se calculó empleando el índice de Shannon-Wiener H’ (log10 comparando estaciones y fechas de muestreo para establecer variaciones en el período de estudio. Gráficamente se relacionaron variables fisicoquímicas con valores de diversidad que emplearon un α de 0.05 y 95% de intervalo de confianza. En total, fueron encontrados 20 morfotipos pertenecientes a las familias Brachionidae, Lecanidae, Filiniidae, Synchaetidae, Hexarthriidae y Testudinellidae, siendo Brachionidae y Lecanidae las más abundantes. La relación entre diversidad y variables fisicoquímicas, indica que la salinidad es la principal responsable de la diversidad de rotíferos. En conclusión, la rotiferofauna actual en el CP es más abundante y diversa que hace 16 años, antes de la recomunicación con el río Magdalena. Así mismo, la concentración de oxigeno disuelto, pH y salinidad son diferentes. Teniendo en cuenta que la salinidad es el factor que más influyó en la diversidad de rotíferos, la reapertura de canales probablemente favoreció el incremento en la diversidad de rotíferos en el CP.

  10. Molecular systematics of the freshwater stingrays (myliobatiformes: potamotrygonidae) of the Amazon, Orinoco, Magdalena, Esequibo, Caribbean, and Maracaibo basins (Colombia - Venezuela): evidence from three mitochondrial genes.

    Garcia, David Alejandro; Lasso, Carlos Andres; Morales, Monica; Caballero, Susana Josefina

    2016-11-01

    Lack of adequate information about the taxonomic and evolutionary relationships, ecology, biology, and distribution of several species belonging to the family Potamotrygonidae makes these species vulnerable to anthropic activities, including commercial overexploitation for the ornamental fish market. The aim of this study was to investigate the systematic relationships among genera and species belonging to this family by analyses of three mitochondrial gene regions. Samples were collected from the main river basins in Colombia and Venezuela for four genera and seven species of the family, as well as for what appear to be unidentified species. Three mitochondrial molecular markers COI, Cytb, and ATP6 were amplified and sequenced. Maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference analysis were performed to obtain topologies for each marker and for a concatenated dataset including the three genes. Small dataset may compromise some methods estimations of sequence divergence in the ATP6 marker. Monophyly of the four genera in Potamotrygonidae was confirmed and phylogenetic relationships among members of the Potamotrygon genus were not clearly resolved. However, results obtained with the molecular marker Cytb appear to offer a good starting point to differentiate among genera and species as a tool that could be used for barcoding. The application of this gene as a barcode could be applied for management and regulation of extraction practices for these genera. Sequencing complete mitochondrial genomes would be the next step for testing evolutionary hypothesis among these genera. Population structure analyses should be undertaken for Paratrygon, Potamotrygon magdalenae and motoro.

  11. Combination of RNAseq and SNP nanofluidic array reveals the center of genetic diversity of cacao pathogen Moniliophthora roreri in the upper Magdalena Valley of Colombia and its clonality

    Shahin S Ali

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Moniliophthora roreri is the fungal pathogen that causes frosty pod rot (FPR disease of Theobroma cacao L., the source of chocolate. FPR occurs in most of the cacao producing countries in the Western Hemisphere, causing yield losses up to 80%. Genetic diversity within the FPR pathogen population may allow the population to adapt to changing environmental conditions and adapt to enhanced resistance in the host plant. The present study developed SNP markers from RNASeq results for 13 M. roreri isolates and validated the markers for their ability to reveal genetic diversity in an international M. roreri collection. The SNP resources reported herein represent the first study of RNASeq-derived SNP validation in M. roreri and demonstrates the utility of RNASeq as an approach for de novo SNP identification in M. roreri. A total of 88 polymorphic SNPs were used to evaluate the genetic diversity of 172 M. roreri cacao isolates resulting in 37 distinct genotypes (including 14 synonymous groups. Absence of heterozygosity for the 88 SNP markers indicates reproduction in M. roreri is clonal and likely due to a homothallic life style. The upper Magdalena Valley of Colombia showed the highest levels of genetic diversity with 20 distinct genotypes of which 13 were limited to this region, and indicates this region as the possible center of origin for M. roreri.

  12. Combination of RNAseq and SNP nanofluidic array reveals the center of genetic diversity of cacao pathogen Moniliophthora roreri in the upper Magdalena Valley of Colombia and its clonality.

    Ali, Shahin S; Shao, Jonathan; Strem, Mary D; Phillips-Mora, Wilberth; Zhang, Dapeng; Meinhardt, Lyndel W; Bailey, Bryan A

    2015-01-01

    Moniliophthora roreri is the fungal pathogen that causes frosty pod rot (FPR) disease of Theobroma cacao L., the source of chocolate. FPR occurs in most of the cacao producing countries in the Western Hemisphere, causing yield losses up to 80%. Genetic diversity within the FPR pathogen population may allow the population to adapt to changing environmental conditions and adapt to enhanced resistance in the host plant. The present study developed single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers from RNASeq results for 13 M. roreri isolates and validated the markers for their ability to reveal genetic diversity in an international M. roreri collection. The SNP resources reported herein represent the first study of RNA sequencing (RNASeq)-derived SNP validation in M. roreri and demonstrates the utility of RNASeq as an approach for de novo SNP identification in M. roreri. A total of 88 polymorphic SNPs were used to evaluate the genetic diversity of 172 M. roreri cacao isolates resulting in 37 distinct genotypes (including 14 synonymous groups). Absence of heterozygosity for the 88 SNP markers indicates reproduction in M. roreri is clonal and likely due to a homothallic life style. The upper Magdalena Valley of Colombia showed the highest levels of genetic diversity with 20 distinct genotypes of which 13 were limited to this region, and indicates this region as the possible center of origin for M. roreri.

  13. Interacciones de pesquerías ribereñas en Bahía Magdalena-Almejas, Baja California Sur

    Miguel A. Ojeda Ruiz de la Peña

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Con el fin de aportar al desarrollo de un modelo conceptual sobre la pesca ribereña o artesanal en el área de Bahía Magdalena-Almejas, Baja California Sur, se jerarquizó la importancia de 14 pesquerías de la región. La calificación se basó en un análisis cualitativo por puntos y en la estimación de un índice de importancia relativa, con indicadores como los promedios de captura, valor y frecuencia de registro de especies objetivo en desembarcos de embarcaciones menores, de 1998 a 2009; entre ellas están: almeja catarina, escama, camarón, callo de hacha, tiburón, jaiba, calamar, almeja pata de mula, rayas, lisa, pulpo, abulón, langosta y caracol chino. La interacción temporal entre varias de ellas es controlada por vedas oficiales, pero cuando ocurre se reconocen posibles efectos por pesca incidental e ilegal y modificaciones al ecosistema.

  14. Assessing bovine babesiosis in Rhipicephalus (Boophilus microplus ticks and 3 to 9-month-old cattle in the middle Magdalena region, Colombia

    Sandra Ríos-Tobón

    Full Text Available Babesia sp. is a protozoan hemoparasite that affects livestock worldwide. The Colombian Middle Magdalena is an enzootic region for babesiosis, but there is no previous research providing detail on its transmission cycle. This study aims to assess some Babesia sp. infection indicators in cattle and ticks from the area, by using direct microscopic and molecular techniques to detect the infection. In the cattle, 59.9% and 3.4 % positivity values for B. bigemina and mixed infection (B. bovis + B. bigemina were found respectively. In ticks, the positivity of B. bigemina reached 79.2% and 9.4% for the mixed infection. The degree of infestation in the region was 3.2 ticks per bovine. There was positive correlation between tick control acaricide frequencies and infestation in bovines. This leads us to infer that control periodicity greater than 90 days, in stable zones, is an abiotic factor that benefits the acquisition of protective immunity in calves, the natural control of the infection and eventual disease absence. It is necessary to monitor the disease by applying new entomological and parasitological indicators showing the complexity of this phenomenon.

  15. Secado de trozos de yuca por convección natural en los valles de los ríos Cauca y Magdalena

    Alfonso Parra Coronado

    1992-09-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan los resultados obtenidos en la evaluación del potencial de secado de yuca en trozos por convección natural en los Valles de los ríos Cauca y Magdalena, utilizando la metodología desarrollada en el Departamento de Ingeniería Agrícola de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia sede Santafé de Bogotá, D.C., por Domínguez J. y Parra A. (1982, dentro de la línea de investigación "Secado y almacenamiento de Productos Agrícolas". La metodología se basa en la técnica de simulación matemática, mediante la cual es posible predecir simultáneamente, la variación meteorológica, el proceso de secado y el proceso de deterioración del producto, con el fin de optimizar el manejo y funcionamiento de sistemas de secado solar y natural. El modelo de simulación se compone de: el modelo de secado natural desarrollado por Roa (1974, el modelo de deterioro desarrollado por Ospina (1979 y de una rutina de interpolación polinomial que permite obtener la carga máxima de yuca (Kg/m2 que se puede secar sin que se deteriore más del 15%.

  16. Estudio del valor indicador de las comunidades de algas bentónicas: una propuesta de evaluación y aplicación en el río Magdalena, Ciudad de México

    Carmona Jiménez, Javier; Ramírez Rodríguez, Rocío; Bojorge-García, Miriam Guadalupe; González Hidalgo, Beatriz; Cantoral-Uriza, Enrique A.

    2016-01-01

    RESUMEN: La aplicación y desarrollo de las leyes ambientales que regulan el manejo de cuencas requiere la identificación de indicadores biológicos, los parámetros y las medidas para establecer su estado ecológico, para lo cual el presente estudio tiene como objetivo caracterizar el valor indicador ecológico de las algas bentónicas en una corriente urbana de la Ciudad de México. Se estudiaron seis sitios del río Magdalena en las estaciones más contrastantes del año: seca cálida, lluviosa y sec...

  17. Parámetros genéticos para características reproductivas en una población de búfalos (bubalus bubalis artiodactyla, bovidae) en el magdalena medio colombiano.

    Bolívar Vergara, Diana María; Ramírez Toro, Edison Julián; Agudelo Gómez, Divier Antonio; Angulo Arroyave, Roberto Arturo; Cerón Muñoz, Mario Fernando

    2011-01-01

    La investigación se hizo para estimar los componentes de (co)varianza y parámetros genéticos para edad al primer parto (EPP) e intervalo entre partos (IEP) en una población bufalina en el Magdalena Medio Colombiano. Las características evaluadas fueron EPP, IEP entre primer y segundo parto (IEP1-2), IEP entre segundo y tercer parto (IEP2-3), e IEP entre tercer y cuarto parto (IEP3-4) en un modelo animal multicaracterístico. El IEP con todos los partos (IEPtotal) fue analizado en un modelo ani...

  18. Exploraciones arqueológicas en la Costa Atlántica y Valle del Magdalena: Sitios Precerámicos y Tipologías Líticas

    Correal Urrego Gonzalo

    1977-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo corresponde a una síntesis de los sitios Precerámicos descritos en el estudio "Exploraciones Arqueológicas en la Costa Atlántica y Valle del Magdalena", estudio en el cual son presentados en extenso (cinco tomos, junto con los hallazgos de industrias líticas, los resultados obtenidos en nuevos sitios cerámicos y arte rupestre en el país, junto con los datos geográficos, geológicos y etnohistóricos de las áreas investigadas.

  19. Distribution patterns of the barnacle, Chelonibia testudinaria, on juvenile green turtles (Chelonia mydas in Bahia Magdalena, Mexico Patrones de distribución del balano, Chelonibia testudinaria, en tortugas verdes (Chelonia mydas juveniles en bahía Magdalena, México

    Eduardo Nájera-Hillman

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The barnacle, Chelonibia testudinaria, is an obligate commensal of sea turtles that may show population variability according to the physical characteristics of the environment and properties of turtle hosts; therefore, we characterized the distributional patterns and the potential effects on health of C. testudinaria on juvenile green turtles in Bahia Magdalena, Mexico. Barnacle attachment position, abundance, and size-class structure were described, while the relationship between barnacle abundance and turtle health condition and size was explored through generalized linear models. Juvenile green turtles of Bahía Magdalena offered an appropriate habitat for C. testudinaria as their frequency of occurrence was high and their abundance was similar to that found in other green turtle populations. Barnacles showed an aggregated distribution that may be facilitating their reproduction during the warm summer months. Barnacle abundance is unaffected by turtle size or seasonality, while their attachment position appears to be influenced by water flow over the turtle carapace and by plastron abrasion by the turtle against the sea floor. Healthier turtles exhibited a decreased barnacle load; therefore we suggest that C. testudinaria abundance may be a useful indicator of health for juvenile green turtles.El balano Chelonibia testudinaria es un comensal obligado de tortugas marinas que puede presentar variaciones poblacionales de acuerdo a características ambientales y de las tortugas que coloniza; por lo tanto, caracterizamos su distribución y el efecto sobre la salud de tortugas verdes (Chelonia mydas juveniles en bahía Magdalena, México. Se describieron la posición de adherencia, la abundancia y la estructura de tallas de C. testudinaria, mientras que la relación entre su abundancia y la salud y el tamaño de las tortugas se exploró a través de modelos lineales generalizados. Las tortugas verdes ofrecieron un hábitat adecuado para C

  20. ISOLDE PH team, from left to right: Jennifer Weterings (user support), Susanne Kreim (research fellow), Marek Pfützner (scientific associate), Maria Garcia Borge (team leader), Elisa Rapisarda (research fellow) , Magdalena Kowalska (physics coordinator), Jan Kurcewicz (applied fellow), Monika Stachura (applied fellow). Not in the photo: Kara Lynch (PhD student).

    Visual Media Office

    2013-01-01

    ISOLDE PH team, from left to right: Jennifer Weterings (user support), Susanne Kreim (research fellow), Marek Pfützner (scientific associate), Maria Garcia Borge (team leader), Elisa Rapisarda (research fellow) , Magdalena Kowalska (physics coordinator), Jan Kurcewicz (applied fellow), Monika Stachura (applied fellow). Not in the photo: Kara Lynch (PhD student).

  1. Efectos de la concentración de glucosa sobre la activación de la movilidad espermática en bocachico Prochilodus magdalenae (Pisces, Characiformes

    Gregorio Martínez

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Determinar la concentración de glucosa no activadora de la movilidad espermática como componente de futuros diluyentes para la crioconservación de semen de Prochilodus magdalenae. Materiales y métodos. Se analizó semen inactivo de tres machos obtenido por inducción hormonal. Una submuestra de 0.25 µL de semen de cada macho fue depositada sobre una cámara de Makler y evaluada usando diferentes concentraciones de glucosa (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 y 10% mediante la adición de 75 µL de cada solución sobre el semen (n=3. De cada solución se determinó la osmolaridad, siendo de 0, 62, 124, 186, 250, 310, 360, 410, 472, 536 y 620 mOsm/kg, respectivamente, así como la del plasma seminal (~250���300 mOsm/kg. Mediante el software Sperm Class Analyzer (SCA se determinó la velocidad curvilínea (VCL y recta (VSL (µm/seg, movilidad rápida (%, media (% y lenta (% y el porcentaje de espermatozoides inmóviles. El tiempo de activación de la movilidad (segundos se obtuvo por cronometraje y visualización bajo microscopio de campo claro. Resultados. Concentraciones de 0 a 5% de glucosa produjeron activación de la movilidad espermática, no obstante, a partir de glucosa al 6% no fue detectada activación visual; sin embargo, SCA detectó movilidad total (7.2%, VCL (5.1 µm/seg y VSL (1.7 µm/seg. A partir de glucosa al 7% el SCA detectó 100% de inmovilidad, no adquirida posteriormente con agua destilada. Conclusiones. La concentración de glucosa tiene efecto determinante en la viabilidad y activación de semen fresco. Una concentración de 6% de glucosa puede ser utilizada como solución no activadora de la movilidad espermática en futuros diluyentes para la crioconservación de semen de esta especie.

  2. Variabilidad espacial de propiedades físicas y químicas en suelos de la granja experimental de la Universidad del Magdalena (Santa Marta, Colombia

    Menjivar Flores Juan Carlos

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available En suelos destinados a la actividad agrícola de la granja experimental de la Universidad del Magdalena, Santa Marta - Colombia (74º 07' Y 74º 12' longitud oeste y 11º 11' y 11º 15' latitud, se estudió la variabilidad espacial de las propiedades físicas: humedad gravimétrica, textura, densidad aparente (Da, resistencia a la penetración (RP y conductividad hidráulica (KH y químicas: Materia orgánica (MO, pH, CIC, N, P, K, Ca+2, Mg+2, Na+, Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, B, utilizando una grid o malla de 29m*29m con 184 puntos de muestreo. El análisis de los datos se realizó empleando enfoques univariado, geoestadístico y multivariado. El análisis estadístico de los resultados mostró gran variabilidad de las propiedades; la densidad aparente y el pH presentaron baja variación; los componentes texturales, la RP, Ca+2, Mg+2, Cu y B mostraron variación media, mientras que la humedad gravimétrica, KH, MO, K+, Na+, CIC, Zn, P, Mn y Fe, expresaron alta variación. Con el análisis Geoestadístico se visualizó y graficó la variabilidad de cada propiedad evaluada y se evidenció la existencia de moderada dependencia espacial en las propiedades excepto en los contenidos de arena, Ca+2, CIC, P y Cu que revelan fuerte dependencia espacial. El índice de homogeneidad multivariado para los suelos en estudio fue bajo, siendo textura, Na+, B, Fe, K, pH, Ca y MO las propiedades con mayor contribución a la heterogeneidad. El análisis de clasificación permitió agrupar cuatro zonas con condiciones edáficas similares, las que se podrán utilizar para determinar el sistema de muestreo, número de muestras, tamaño y distribución de unidades experimentales y con ello facilitar la implementación de prácticas de manejo agronómico acordes con las características de cada zona.

  3. Combined use of local and global hydrometeorological data with regional and global hydrological models in the Magdalena - Cauca river basin, Colombia

    Rodriguez, Erasmo; Sanchez, Ines; Duque, Nicolas; Lopez, Patricia; Kaune, Alexander; Werner, Micha; Arboleda, Pedro

    2017-04-01

    The Magdalena Cauca Macrobasin (MCMB) in Colombia, with an area of about 257,000 km2, is the largest and most important water resources system in the country. With almost 80% of the Colombian population (46 million people) settled in the basin, it is the main source of water for demands including human consumption, agriculture, hydropower generation, industrial activities and ecosystems. Despite its importance, the basin has witnessed enormous changes in land-cover and extensive deforestation during the last three decades. To make things more complicated, the MCMB currently lacks a set of tools to support planning and decision making processes at scale of the whole watershed. Considering this, the MCMB has been selected as one of the six different regional case studies in the eartH2Observe research project, in which hydrological and meteorological reanalysis products are being validated for the period 1980-2012. The combined use of the hydrological and meteorological reanalysis data, with local hydrometeorological data (precipitation, temperature and streamflow) provided by the National Hydrometeorological Agency (IDEAM), has given us the opportunity to implement and test three hydrological models (VIC, WFLOW and a Water Balance Model based on the Budyko framework) at the basin scale. Additionally, results from the global models in the eartH2Observe hydrological reanalysis have been used to evaluate their performance against the observed streamflow data. This paper discusses the comparison between streamflow observations and simulations from the global hydrological models forced with the WFDEI data, and regional models forced with a combination of observed and meteorological reanalysis data, in the whole domain of the MCMB. For the three regional models analysed results show good performances for some sub-basins and poor performances for others. This can be due to the smoothing of the precipitation fields, interpolated from point daily rainfall data, the effect of

  4. Variabilidad espacial de propiedades físicas y químicas en suelos de la granja experimental de la Universidad del Magdalena (Santa Marta, Colombia

    José Rafael Vásquez Polo

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available En suelos destinados a la actividad agrícola de la granja experimental de la Universidad del Magdalena, Santa Marta - Colombia (74° 07' Y 74° 12' longitud oeste y 11° 11' y 11° 15' latitud, se estudió la variabilidad espacial de las propiedades físicas: humedad gravimétrica, textura, densidad aparente (Da, resistencia a la penetración (RP y conductividad hidráulica (KH y químicas: Materia orgánica (MO, pH, CIC, N, P, K, Ca+2, Mg+2, Na+, Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, B, utilizando una grid o malla de 29m*29m con 184 puntos de muestreo. El análisis de los datos se realizó empleando enfoques univariado, geoestadístico y multivariado. El análisis estadístico de los resultados mostró gran variabilidad de las propiedades; la densidad aparente y el pH presentaron baja variación; los componentes texturales, la RP, Ca+2, Mg+2, Cu y B mostraron variación media, mientras que la humedad gravimétrica, KH, MO, K+, Na+, CIC, Zn, P, Mn y Fe, expresaron alta variación. Con el análisis Geoestadístico se visualizó y graficó la variabilidad de cada propiedad evaluada y se evidenció la existencia de moderada dependencia espacial en las propiedades excepto en los contenidos de arena, Ca+2, CIC, P y Cu que revelan fuerte dependencia espacial. El índice de homogeneidad multivariado para los suelos en estudio fue bajo, siendo textura, Na+, B, Fe, K, pH, Ca y MO las propiedades con mayor contribución a la heterogeneidad. El análisis de clasificación permitió agrupar cuatro zonas con condiciones edáficas similares, las que se podrán utilizar para determinar el sistema de muestreo, número de muestras, tamaño y distribución de unidades experimentales y con ello facilitar la implementación de prácticas de manejo agronómico acordes con las características de cada zona.

  5. EFECTO DEL GLIFOSATO Y PARAQUAT SOBRE EL PROCESO DE NITRIFICACION EN UN SUELO DEL CORREGIMIENTO DE RÍO FRÍO (MAGDALENA, COLOMBIA

    Dary Luz Mendoza M.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizaron ensayos in vitro para determinar el efecto tóxico de los herbicidas glifosato y paraquat sobre el proceso de nitrificación con suelo franco-arenoso (pH: 5.8, Humedad: 13.05%, en el corregimiento de Río Frío, Magdalena. Los experimentos se realizaron por cuantificación espectrofométrica (método del ácido fenoldisulfonico de la concentración de nitratos producidos durante un periodo de incubación de 30 días usando el producto comercial y el principio activo grado estándard, en concentraciones de 10, 100 y 1000 ppm de cada uno de los herbicidas. Se observó una reducción de la nitrificación y un incremento en el período de retardo al aumentar las concentraciones, sin embargo, solamente con altas dosis del glifosato comercial (100 y 1000 ppm de Round Up y paraquat comercial (1000 ppm de Gramoxone hubo inhibición de la nitrificación. Tanto el paraquat comercial como el estándard, a 10 y 100 ppm, causaron leves disturbios sobre la nitrificación, la cual retornó a una normalidad relativa después de 30 días de incubación. Se observó una diferencia significativa (p<0,00\\ entre el glifosato comercial (concentración máxima de nitrato 55,0pg/g y el glifosato estándar (510,12pg/g NO3' a una concentración de 1000 ppm, lo cual sugiere que los adyuvantes en el producto comercial contribuyen a aumentar el efecto tóxico del herbicida. Estos datos son de interés para desarrollar técnicas de utilización de plaguicidas que permitan la recuperación de las poblaciones microbianas importantes para la fertilidad de los suelos.

  6. Factores de riesgo asociados a enfermedades cardiovasculares en un grupo de estudiantes del programa de medicina de la Universidad del Magdalena

    Dary Luz Mendoza Meza

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Las enfermedades del sistema cardiovascular se constituyen en la principal causa de morbilidad y mortalidad en la población adulta de los países occidentales, sin embargo en la actualidad la incidencia de estas patologías en la población menor de 30 años esta alcanzando niveles alarmantes. Una de las explicaciones a este fenómeno es el aumento de actitudes que promueven los llamados factores de riesgo modificables como el sedentarismo, los malos hábitos alimenticios, el tabaquismo y el alcoholismo; lo anterior sumado a factores no modificables como la herencia y el género, contribuyen al desencadenamiento de las enfermedades cardiovasculares. Adicionalmente estas patologías fueron consideradas casi exclusivas de los países industrializados, sin embargo el problema se está expandiendo a los países en vía de desarrollo como Colombia, esto quizá producto del aumento en el ritmo de vida y a la adquisición de estilos de vida poco saludables El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la presencia de factores de riesgo asociados con las enfermedades cardiovasculares en un grupo de estudiantes del programa de medicina de la Universidad del Magdalena, como parte de un trabajo de investigación formativa correspondiente a la cátedra de Bioquímica. Como resultado se encontró que el 24% de los sujetos investigados presentó niveles de colesterol total y LDL por encima de los parámetros seguros. Los factores de riesgo asociados con estos altos niveles fueron, los antecedentes familiares con un 83%y el sobrepeso con un 50%. Este estudio se constituye en la base para la formulación de un proyecto que pretende determinar la relación entre los factores de riesgo cardiovascular modificable y no modificable, en la población estudiantil adolescente del Distrito de Santa Marta.

  7. Petrotectonic characteristics, geochemistry, and U-Pb geochronology of Jurassic plutons in the Upper Magdalena Valley-Colombia: Implications on the evolution of magmatic arcs in the NW Andes

    Rodríguez, G.; Arango, M. I.; Zapata, G.; Bermúdez, J. G.

    2018-01-01

    Field, petrographic, and geochemical characterization along with U-Pb zircon geochronology of the Jurassic plutons exposed in the Upper Magdalena Valley (Colombia) allowed recognizing distinct western and eastern suites formed in at least three magmatic pulses. The western plutons crop out between the eastern flank of the Central Cordillera and the Las Minas range, being limited by the Avirama and the Betania-El Agrado faults. The western suite comprises a quartz monzonite - quartz monzodiorite - quartz diorite series and subordinate monzogranites. Chemically, the rocks are high-K calc-alkaline I-type granitoids (some reaching the shoshonitic series) with metaluminous of magnesium affinity. Trace-element tectonic discrimination is consistent with magmatism in a continental arc environment. Most rocks of this suite crystallized between 195 and 186 Ma (Early Jurassic, Pliensbachian), but locally some plutons yielded younger ages between 182 and 179 Ma (Early Jurassic, Toarcian). The eastern suite crops out in the eastern margin of the Upper Magdalena Valley, east of the Betania - El Agrado fault. Plutons of this unit belong to the monzogranite series with rock types ranging between syenogranites and granodiorites. They are high-K calc-alkaline continental granitoids, some metaluminous and some peraluminous, related to I-type granites generated in a volcanic arc. Crystallization of the suite was between 173 and 169 Ma (Middle Jurassic, Aalenian-Bajocian), but locally these rocks contain zircon with earlier inherited ages related to the magmatic pulse of the western suite between 182 and 179 Ma (Early Jurassic, Toarcian). The evolution of the Jurassic plutons in the Upper Magdalena Valley is best explained by onset or increase in subduction erosion of the accretionary prism. This explains the eastward migration of the arc away from the trench. Subduction of prism sediments increased the water flux from the subducting slab, decreasing solidus temperatures, therefore

  8. Estructura de mercado en la comercialización del banano tipo exportación producido en la Zona Bananera del Magdalena y comportamiento estratégico de las empresas

    Janny Acuña Fuentes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La estructura de mercado en la comercialización del banano tipo exportación producido en el departamento del Magdalena históricamente ha sido imperfecta, siendo las comercializadoras multinacionales quienes fijan las cantidades de banano que compran a los productores, o el precio, generando una pérdida de bienestar social a los productores de banano. En la presente investigación se midió el grado de concentración de mercado por parte de las comercializadoras a través del índice de concentración Herfindahl-Hirschman (IHH; posteriormente, a través de econometría de series de tiempo, se procedió a mostrar la relación entre los precios pagados a los productores y el IHH, por último, mediante el modelo de Cournot y de Stackelberg, a partir de la estimación econométrica de una función inversa de oferta y la aplicación de estrategias puras en juegos no cooperativos, se probó empíricamente las estrategias que las comercializadoras están llevando a cabo.Palabras Clave: Cournot; Stackelberg; Bertrand; Equilibrio de Nash; índice Herfindahl-Hirschman; teoría de juegos Market structure in the marketing of bananas export type produced in the area of Magdalena and strategic business behaviorAbstractThe market structure in the marketing of banana export type produced in the department of Magdalena historically has been imperfect, with multinational marketers who will determine the quantities of bananas they buy from the producers or the price, generating a loss of social welfare to banana producers. In the present study measured the degree of market concentration by marketers across the Herfindahl concentration index-Heirschman (HHI, then through econometric time series proceeded to show the relationship between the prices paid to producers and the concentration index (HHI, finally using the model of Cournot and Stackelberg, from the econometric estimation of an inverse function of supply and application of pure strategies in

  9. PARÁMETROS GENÉTICOS PARA CARACTERÍSTICAS REPRODUCTIVAS EN UNA POBLACIÓN DE BÚFALOS (BUBALUS BUBALIS ARTIODACTYLA, BOVIDAE EN EL MAGDALENA MEDIO COLOMBIANO GENETIC PARAMETERS FOR REPRODUCTIVE TRAITS IN A POPULATION OF BUFFALOES (BUBALUS BUBALIS ARTIODACTYLA: BOVIDAE IN THE MIDDLE MAGDALENA REGION OF COLOMBIA

    Diana María Bolívar Vergara

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La investigación se hizo para estimar los componentes de (covarianza y parámetros genéticos para edad al primer parto (EPP e intervalo entre partos (IEP en una población bufalina en el Magdalena Medio Colombiano. Las características evaluadas fueron EPP, IEP entre primer y segundo parto (IEP1-2, IEP entre segundo y tercer parto (IEP2-3 , e IEP entre tercer y cuarto parto (IEP3-4 en un modelo animal multicaracterístico. El IEP con todos los partos (IEPtotal fue analizado en un modelo animal unicaracterístico. Las estimativas de los componentes de varianza fueron obtenidos por el método de máxima verosimilitud restringida libre de derivadas. Las heredabilidades encontradas fueron 0,42; 0,11; 0,07; 0,31 y 0,05±0,061 para EPP, IEP1-2 , IEP2-3 , IEP3-4 y IEPtotal, respectivamente. La heredabilidad encontrada para EPP, sugiere que la selección por esta característica es factible en esta población. La heredabilidad para IEPtotal indica que esta característica está muy influenciada por factores ambientales y genéticos no aditivos. Las correlaciones genéticas entre los diferentes IEP fueron altas y positivas. Las correlaciones genéticas entre EPP y los IEP variaron ampliamente.The research was carried out to estimate (covariance components and genetic parameters for age at first calving (AFC and calving interval (CI in a population of buffaloes located in Middle Magdalena region of Colombia. The traits evaluated were AFC, CI between first and second calving (CI1-2, CI between second and third calving (CI2-3 and CI between third and fourth calving(CI3-4, using animal model multitrait. A single-trait animal model was used for IEP considering all calving (CItotal. Estimative of (covariance components were obtained by the method of derivative free restricted maximum likelihood. Estimates of heritability were 0.42, 0.11, 0.07, 0.31, and 0.05 ± 0.061 for AFC, CI1-2, CI2-3, CI3-4, and CItotal, respectively. The heritability found for AFC

  10. APORTES DE LA PSICOLOG ÍA JURÍDICA A LOS PROCESOS DE ACOMPAÑAMIENTO PSICOSOCIAL A LAS VICTIMAS DE LA VIOLENCIA EN EL DEPARTAMENTO DEL MAGDALENA

    Cindy Tobías Loaiza

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Las víctimas de la violencia reciben apoyo por parte del Estado para obtener acompañamiento psicosocial y reparar el daño sufrido. A pesar de los innegables avances normativos materializados en el marco de la ley de víctimas, estas corren el riesgo de ser revictimizadas. El presente informe de investigación recurre a metodologías cualitativas y a la psicología jurídica para determinar las mejores prácticas en la orientación de los procesos de acompañamiento psicosocial a víctimas de la violencia. La población objeto de estudio se encuentra en el Departamento del Magdalena.

  11. ANÁLISIS DE LA EFECTIVIDAD DEL USO DE LA PLATAFORMA VIRTUAL WEBCT EN EL PROCESO DE ENSEÑANZA Y APRENDIZAJE EN LA UNIVERSIDAD DEL MAGDALENA, COLOMBIA

    MÓNICA LUZ PÉREZ CERVANTES

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En las carreras de pregrado en Educación de la Universidad del Magdalena, la mayor parte de los docentes adoptan un modelo de enseñanza tradicional, pese a que las TIC ofrecen la posibilidades de interacción docente - estudiantes, no la utilizan de manera asertiva en sus clases, debido a que consideran que sólo resultan útiles en la educación a distancia. En los últimos tres años, un grupo reducido de docentes han comenzado a incorporar, de manera tímida, la plataforma WebCT como escenarios complementarios a la clase presencial, pero no se han realizado investigaciones que recojan las percepciones de los actores, que demuestren la efectividad de la utilización combinada de actividades colaborativas presenciales con las actividades apoyadas en la plataforma virtual. El propósito de la investigación fue analizar la efectividad de la plataforma WebCT en el desarrollo de un curso de formación disciplinar impartido de manera tradicional presencial complementado con enseñanza virtual, apoyada en los aportes de Vygotsky, Ausubel, Pozo, Coll, Marqués, Sangrá, entre otros, realizada de acuerdo con el paradigma cualitativo, con un enfoque descriptivo y con un diseño correspondiente a un Estudio de caso, en el cual se utilizó como técnicas el grupo focal y dos encuestas que permitieron apreciar la opinión de los estudiantes acerca del uso de las TIC y uso de la plataforma WebCT, así como la interacción en las actividades desarrolladas durante el curso en la plataforma virtual. Para ello se contó con la participación de 70 estudiantes de Licenciatura en Informática en el primer semestre académico de 2010. Los resultados indican que en el modelo didáctico híbrido se combinan la responsabilidad, rapidez y calidad de respuesta del docente con la participación fluida del estudiante en la realización de actividades y entregas de trabajos, por los aportes al grupo a través de los foros y del Chat, así como la motivación generada

  12. Estructura de la comunidad y asociación de las aves acuáticas con la heterogeneidad espacial del complejo lagunar Bahía Magdalena-Almejas, Baja California Sur, México

    Bulmara Zárate-Ovando

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Para probar la hipótesis que la heterogeneidad espacial determina la diversidad de aves acuáticas en un humedal costero, comparamos la densidad, diversidad y composición de especies de aves acuáticas entre habitats y otras unidades de paisaje del complejo Bahía Magdalena-Almejas, Baja California Sur, México. Se realizaron censos de aves acuáticas en 329 segmentos de habitat de la línea de costa interna del complejo lagunar, desde febrero 2002 hasta febrero 2003. La densidad de aves fue mayor en invierno y otoño en las tres lagunas del área de estudio; de las zonas, la densidad fue mayor en la costa insular; y de los habitats en playa arenosa y dunas pero en los pocos segmentos de sustrato antrópico la densidad fue alta. La diversidad fue significativamente mayor en otoño; en Canal Santo Domingo; en la costa peninsular; y de los habitats en manglar-dunas y manglar. La modificación del habitat natural costero y el disturbio por tránsito de embarcaciones no tuvieron influencia en la densidad o diversidad de aves acuáticas, pero la riqueza acumulada mayor ocurrió en las costas bien conservadas y sin disturbio. El análisis de la composición de especies mostró diferencias entre las asociaciones de Canal Santo Domingo y Bahía Magdalena. El ambiente pelágico y el manglar tuvieron diferencia mayor en la composición de especies con respecto a las asociaciones de los demás habitats, tales diferencias en elencos de especies por habitat sugieren que la comunidad de aves está estructurada de acuerdo a los recursos naturales disponibles de las lagunas, zonas y habitats, en relación con la complejidad estructural de las unidades de paisaje. Las condiciones ecológicas del complejo lagunar ocasionan que las aves acuáticas piscívoras sean el grupo dominante de esta comunidad.Community structure and association of waterbirds with spatial heterogeneity in the Bahía Magdalena-Almejas wetland complex, Baja California Sur, Mexico. To test

  13. ANÁLISIS HIDROLÓGICO E HIDRÁULICO DE LA CUENCA DEL RÍO FRÍO, MUNICIPIOS DE CIÉNAGA Y ZONA BANANERA, DEPARTAMENTO DEL MAGDALENA

    Alfredo Ramos Moreno

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Los modelos hidrológicos e hidráulicos han permitido grandes avances en los estudios de las cuencas hidrográficas, la utilización de modelos como HEC RAS y HEC HMS los cuales han recibido una gran acogida por la comunidad mundial de ingenieros que se desempeñan en el área de la meteorología, hidrología, hidráulica y otras áreas relacionadas con el manejo del recurso hídrico. Gracias a sus grandes aproximaciones los modelos de HEC RAS y HEC HMS fueron seleccionados para realizar las modelaciones para determinar el comportamiento hidrológico e hidráulico de la cuenca del río Frío ubicada en el municipio de Zona Bananera, departamento del Magdalena como producto de las inundaciones que se han presentado en los últimos años. En este artículo se expone una cantidad de análisis cuantitativos y cualitativos que posibilitan la obtención de la información de entrada de los modelos de simulación, posteriormente, dicha información fue introducida a los modelos para lograr determinar el comportamiento bajo escenarios extremos a los que la cuenca del río Frío puede ser sometida. De acuerdo con los resultados obtenidos las áreas donde se presentan los principales inconvenientes de carácter hidráulico e hidrológico, se deben principalmente a la configuración geométrica de la batimetría del río y al desarrollo de actividades agrícolas y ganaderas que han generado cambios en el uso del suelo, modificando los números de curva y aumentando la escorrentía hacia los afluentes y finalmente hacia el río principal. Frente a esta situación se relacionan una serie de recomendaciones que buscan corregir el régimen hidrológico y comportamiento hidrodinámico para evitar nuevas inundaciones que pongan en riesgo a la población que se encuentra en las inmediaciones del río Frío en el municipio de la Zona Bananera Departamento del Magdalena.

  14. TRANSFORMACIONES ALREDEDOR DEL DISCURSO, PRÁCTICAS EDUCATIVAS, ACTITUDES Y RELACIONES SOCIALES DE LAS MADRES COMUNITARIAS DEL ICBF. "Pueblo Viejo" (Magdalena y el programa "Nichos Pedagógicos"

    Mónica Borjas

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta los resultados de un proceso de investigación que da cuenta de las transformaciones que las madres comunitarias tuvieron en torno a su discurso, práctica educativa y relaciones sociales, en el seno del programa de capacitación "Nichos Pedagógicos", orientado por el Instituto de Estudios en Educación iese, de la Universidad del Norte, bajo el patrocinio de la fundación promigas. Inicialmente, se exponen los referentes contextuales relacionados con los aspectos misionales del Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar -icbf-y con el municipio de Pueblo Viejo, Magdalena (Colombia, lugar de origen de las madres comunitarias participantes. En segunda instancia, se presentan los referentes de teóricos de las categorías de análisis: Discurso, prácticas e interacciones y, finalmente, se expone una conceptualización de "Nicho Pedagógico", denominación del Programa de Capacitación ofrecido a las madres comunitarias.

  15. Estudo da Faciologia Orgânica em Rochas Geradoras Marinhas Cretáceas do Grupo Villeta, Bacia do Valle Superior del Magdalena,Colômbia: Implicações Paleoambientais.

    Juliana Andrade Iemini

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available As rochas pelíticas do Cretáceo superior são asgeradoras da maior parte das reservas de petróleo naColômbia. A Bacia do Valle Superior Del Magdalena(VSM, possui afloramentos de boa qualidade e comníveis de evolução térmica, que variam desde oimaturo até o fim da “janela” de geração de óleo,tornando esta região como uma das mais propíciaspara o estudo dos processos de geração e migraçãoprimária do petróleo no Cretáceo superior. O objetivoprincipal consistiu no estudo de fácies orgânicaatravés da caracterização geoquímica e análisepalinofaciológica das rochas geradoras de petróleocretáceas do VSM numa seção aflorante (QuebradaBambuca, objetivando o entendimento do controleexercido pela evolução paleoambiental sobre opotencial gerador e as variações composicionaisda matéria orgânica a partir da integração dosdados geoquímicos e palinofaciológicos. Paratanto, foram utilizadas análises organogeoquímicas(Carbono Orgânico Total - COT e Pirólise Rock-Eval, cedidas pelo Instituto Colombiano doPetróleo ICP - ECOPETROL e palinofaciológicasem amostras das Formações Tetuan Bambuca e LaLuna, Grupo Villeta, Bacia do Valle Superior delMagdalena. As rochas dessa formação apresentamum elevado conteúdo orgânico, com valores deCOT de até 23%. As lâminas organopalinológicasforam analisadas através de técnicas de palinofácies(microscopia em luz branca transmitida e luz azul/ultravioleta incidente-fluorescência realizando acontagem dos componentes orgânicos particuladosdos grupos do querogênio (fitoclasto, palinomorfoe matéria orgânica amorfa e da determinação doÍndice de Coloração de Esporos (ICE. A analisemicroscópica revelou um predomínio de matériaorgânica amorfa. Os palinomorfos são representadospor dinoflagelados e esporomorfos, sendo osdinoflagelados os mais representativos. A matériaorgânica amorfa apresenta fluorescência amarelaa laranja. O material lenhoso representa a

  16. Niveles de pensamiento y resolución de problemas matemáticos en los estudiantes del programa psicología de una universidad pública de Santa Marta (Magdalena

    Liliana Quintero Díaz

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Title: Levels of thinking and solving mathematical problems students program in psychology of a public university Santa Marta (Magdalena.ResumenEl objetivo de la presente investigación fue determinar las diferencias entre los niveles de pensamiento lógico y la resolución de problemas matemáticos de los estudiantes de primero a octavo semestre del programa Psicología de una Universidad Pública, a través de un tipo de estudio descriptivo-correlacional, aplicando instrumentos que miden el nivel de pensamiento lógico (TOLT, y la resolución de problemas matemáticos (PRP. Se encontró a nivel general un 56.7% en pensamiento concreto, un 37.4% en transición y el 5.8% en formal; en cuanto a resolución de problemas matemáticos, el 50.9% se encuentra en un nivel bajo, 19.9% en medio, y 29.2% en alto. Los resultados señalan la existencia de diferencias entre los niveles de pensamiento y resolución de problemas matemáticos en los estudiantes de primero a octavo semestre del programa de Psicología de una Universidad Pública a una t=-4.676, significancia bilateral de 0.00. (DUAZARY 2012 No. 2, 123 - 131AbstractThe objective of this research was to determine the differences between the levels of logical thinking and solving mathematical problems of students from first to eighth semester of the program psychology of a public University, through a kind of descriptivo-correlacional study, using instruments that measure the level of logical thinking (TOLT, and mathematical problem solving (PRP. Was found at a general level a 56.7% in particular thinking, a 37.4 per cent in transition, and 5.8% in formal; in mathematical problem solving, the 50.9% is located in a low level, 19.9% in the Middle, and 29.2% high. The results indicate the existence of differences between the levels of thinking and mathematical problem solving in students from first to eighth semester of the programme of psychology of a public University, with a t =-4.676 to bilateral

  17. Extra Strong Super Light / Magdalena Lewoc

    Lewoc, Magdalena

    2003-01-01

    2003. a. Szczecini Rahvusmuuseumis toimunud 5. rahvusvahelisest kunstinäitusest võtsid osa poola, saksa, rootsi, soome, leedu, läti, ukraina ja eesti kunstnikud. Pikemalt Ene-Liis Semperi ja Jaan Toomiku loomingust

  18. Santa Magdalena de les Tragines Altarpiece. Epilogue

    Riu de Martín, M. Carme

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available

    This is a work review of the article published in “Anuario de Estudios Medievales” 36/1 (2006, pp. 355-284. After the restoration of the pieces one has obtained new data about their iconography and their image’s symbolism.



    Revisió del treball que amb el mateix títol es va publicar a la revista “Anuario de Estudios Medievales”, 36/1 (2006, pp. 355-384. La restauració de les peces estudiades ha permès obtenir nous resultats sobre la iconografia i el sentit simbòlic de les imatges plasmades a l’esmentat retaule

  19. Sprawozdanie ze ziazdu międzynarodowej komisji historycznej do badań nad zakonem niemieckim w Tallinnie / Krzysztof Kwiatkowski

    Kwiatkowski, Krzysztof

    2014-01-01

    26. - 28. septembrini 2014 Tallinnas toimunud konverentsist "Elu ordumajas". Konverents tõi üle Euroopa Tallinnasse kokku mitukümmend Saksa ordu ajalooga tegelevat uurijat. Konverentsi peakorraldaja oli Rahvusvaheline Saksa Ordu ajaloo uurimise komisjon

  20. Variabilidad de la presión arterial pre y post-quirúrgica en pacientes sometidos a cirugía oral que asistieron a la clínica odontológica de la Universidad del Magdalena en los meses de abril y mayo periodo 2008

    Luis Castillo Castilla

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Resumen La incidencia de enfermedades cardiovasculares se ha asociado como una de las principales causas de mortalidad no violenta en Colombia. La hipertensión arterial (HTA es la patología cardiovascular de mayor prevalencia en nuestra nación, con un rango que oscila entre 13% y 23%, por la alta frecuencia en la población adulta. Los últimos avances en el estudio de la HTA revelan que el componente genético determina el 50% de los niveles altos de presión arterial (PA y el 50% restante es determinado por la presencia de una serie de factores de riesgos exógenos1. Los valores de PA en el ejercicio de la practica odontológica pueden alterarse, lo que es importante tener en cuenta al momento de ejecutar procedimientos quirúrgicos ya que puede estar sujeta a diversos factores de riesgo tales como estrés, alcoholismo, tabaquismo, consumo de medicamentos y sedentarismo, entre otros, agentes que pueden causar su aumento o disminución, constituyendo en su conjunto un serio riesgo para la vida del paciente sino existe su adecuada atención ante cualquier práctica quirúrgico1,2. Con el objeto de determinar la variabilidad de la presión arterial generada en los procedimientos pre y post-quirúrgicos, se tomó una muestra de 33 pacientes en la Clínica Odontológica de la Universidad del Magdalena a los cuales se les realizó una toma de presión arterial en cada una de las fases del evento correspondiente. Los datos se tabularon y analizaron mediante estadísticas descriptivas; obteniéndose que el 64% de los pacientes presentó aumento de la presión arterial tras el procedimiento quirúrgico, el 18% mantuvo la presión normal y el restante manifestó descenso de la misma. (DUAZARY 2011, 48 - 57 AbstractThe incidence of cardiovascular disease has been associated as the main cause of death does not violent in Colombia. Hypertension (HT is the highest prevalence of cardiovascular disease in our nation, with a range of between 13% and 23

  1. Fácies Orgânica da Formação La Luna, Bacia do Valle Superior del Magdalena, Colômbia:Implicações para a Geração de Petróleo e Caracterização Paleoambiental.

    Juliana Andrade Iemini

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Upper Cretaceous pelitic rocks generate most of the oil reserves in Colombia. In Del Magdalena Upper Valley (MUV, the existenceof good quality outcrops and thermal evolution levels that vary from immaturity to the end of the oil generation “window” makes it one of themost appropriate regions for the study of primary migration and generation of oil in Upper Cretaceous. The main objectives of this work wereto study the organic facies of La Luna Formation in an outcrop section called Riacho Bambuca (Bambuca Creek, determine the oil generationpotential and characterize the paleoenvironment. For this research, 24 samples were used in palynofacies analysis (characterization ofthe kerogen components assembly and in organic geochemistry analysis (Total Organic Carbon – TOC analysis and Rock-Eval pyrolysis,provided by Colombia Oil Institute – ECOPETROL. The palynofacies analysis included the use of microscopy techniques (transmitted whitelight and incident blue light. Furthermore, a Spore Coloration Index (SCI analysis was made in order to determine the thermal maturationstage. The studied material was composed mainly of an amorphous organic substance, with its fluorescent coloration varying from yellow tobright orange. The palynomorph group is represented by spore morph and dinoflagellate cysts. The ligneous material are present in very lowpercentages; they are mainly opaque phytoclasts. The results of geochemical analysis showed TOC contents ranging from medium to high,excellent potential for the generation of hydrocarbons (PG > 4 mg HC/g of rock, hydrogen index ranging from 329 to 589 mg HC/g, andlow values of oxygen index, characterizing type II kerogen. The low degree of thermal maturation was determined by Spore Coloration Indexvalues ranging from 2,5 to 3,0, Tmax values below 440°C and Hydrocarbon Production Index inferior to 0,2. According to the organic faciesdata, La Luna Formation deposited in a marine environment with facies from

  2. Dos nuevas Bignoniáceas del Valle del Magdalena

    Dugand Armando

    1942-11-01

    Full Text Available Memora Romeroi: La especie aquí descrita pertenece a la sección Eumemora K. Schum. y es muy afín, según descripción, a M. caracasana K. Schum., de Venezuela, pero se distingue principalmente por tener racimos florales mucho más alargados, geminados y axilares, con 8, 12 a más flores opuestas, y por las brácteas infracalicinales de forma anchamente espatulada. Además, el cáliz y la corola son más cortos, particularmente el tubo basilar de esta última. EI raquis foliar y especialmente los peciolulos de M. Romeroi son diminutamente pubérulos, al menos durante mucho tiempo, y esta pubescencia menuda se presenta también en el raquis floral. / Tanaecium exitiosum: El doctor Rafael Mora, colector de esta muy interesante nueva especie, anota lo siguiente: "Arbusto que alcanza una altura de 2 metros; ocasionalmente crece más, arrollándose como bejuco a las otras plantas; las flores son de color blanco y de aspecto tubular alargado. La planta es abundante en las regiones secas de Barranca Bermeja y hay potreros que están completamente invadidos por ella".

  3. Gumucio y su cámara, Magdalena abajo

    Amparo Cadavid Bringe

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La autora narra una experiencia de trabajo en una comunidad colombiana con comunicadores de base y parte del aporte de Gumucio Dagron a la bibliografía de comunicación para el desarrollo y su mayor aporte a la realización de los proyectos basados en sus textos analíticos. Teoría y práctica se palpan en este texto.

  4. Kestab Euroopa keelte aasta / Maria-Magdalena Jürvetson

    Jürvetson, Maria-Magdalena, 1952-

    2001-01-01

    TPÜ põhjamaade filoloogia osaonnas toimus 21.-23. sept. 2001.a. "Nordic Grant Scheme for Network Cooperation" projekti raames rahvusvaheline seminar teemal "From multilingual to multicultural Europe in the year of languages 2001"

  5. EL ALTO MAGDALENA- COLOMBIA DE LA MANO CON ENERGIAS ALTERNATIVAS

    Barragán-Alturo, Ancízar

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El afán por destruir un paradigma, que mantiene encadenados a los habitantes de Girardot y la región, a una compañía de distribución de la energía eléctrica con sus altos precios para el kilowatt-hora, ha inspirado la investigación CUNDINAMARCA DE LA MANO DE LAS ENERGIAS ALTERNATIVAS, demostrando por diversos caminos que el montaje de paneles solares para generación de energía eléctrica en las cubiertas de las casas es la energía alternativa para la solución de diversos problemas, entre ellos: los costos elevados, las fluctuaciones de voltaje, los cortes de energía, los daños en los electrodomésticos

  6. Dipmeter paleocurrent determination in the Provincia Field, Middle Magdalena Valley

    Rubiano, J.L.

    1998-01-01

    For the determination of the paleocurrent directions in the Provinica Field, were took 2664 measurements of the dip meter logs were taken to make the statistical analyses of the Formations that are between Umir and the Real Group (Maastrichtian and Miocene age). The paleocurrent directions are defined based on statistics analyses, as the average (in azimuth) and its consistency ratio (CR). The paleocurrent directions are principally to the northeast for the Umir und the Lower Real Formations; to the east for the Lisama, Esmeraldas, Mugrosa, Colorado and Middle Real Formations, and in the southeast for the Upper Real Formation. In general, there were observed important changes in the paleocurrent directions between the Umir-Lisama, Lisama-Emeralds, Colorado - Real and between the medium and the upper part of the Real Group. These changes in the paleocurrent directions suggest being associated to tectonic events that involved this area

  7. Observaciones ecológicas en la Isla de Salamanca (Depto. del Magdalena, Colombia Observaciones ecológicas en la Isla de Salamanca (Depto. del Magdalena, Colombia

    Schnetter Marie-Luise

    1969-06-01

    Full Text Available Von August 1965 bis Juni 1967 wurden auf der Isla de Salamanca ökologische Untersuchungen durchgeführt. Das genannte Gebiet liegt an der kolumbianischen Atlantikküste zwischen Barranquilla und Ciénaga und wird im Norden von der karibischen See und im Süden von der Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta begrenzt. Die mittlere Jahrestemperatur beträgt 28° C. Die Trockenzeit dauert fünf Monate, die jährliche Niederschlagsmenge liegt wahrscheinlich bei 700 mm. Der Boden besteht überall aus Sand.  Weite Teile der Insel, vor allem im Westen, sind mit Mangrove bedeckt. Im Osten, wo die Untersuchungen durchgeführt wurden, breitet sich auf höher gelegenen Stellen ein 5-7 m hohes Gebüsch aus Dornsträuchern und Kakteen aus, In Gebieten, die sich wenig über Meeresniveau erheben, ist der Boden versalzen und entweder vegetationslos oder mit Halophyten, vor allem Batis maritima und Sesuvium portulacastrum, bedeckt. Die Bodenversalzung wird hauptsächlich durch bis an die Oberfläche aufsteigendes und dort verdunstendes salzhaltiges Grundwasser verursacht.  Während der Trockenzeit lagert sich auf den unbewachsenen Flächen eine Salzkruste ab, die in der Regenzeit durch Niederschläge ausgewaschen wird. Der Salzgehalt der mit Halophyten bestandenen Gebiete kann in der Trockenzeit über den der unbewachsenen Stellen ansteigen, was möglicherweise auf die Wasseraufnahme durch die Pflanzen und den dadurch verstärkten Wasserentzug zurückzuführen ist.  Soweit das Grundwasser dicht unter der Bodenoberfläche steht, ist ein das ganze Jahr über hoher Bodenwassergehalt vorhanden. Je mehr das Niveau ansteigt, desto geringer wird er, Am Ende der Trockenzeit kann die Wasserversorgung an mit Pflanzen bestandenen Stellen stärker beansprucht sein als an vegetationslosen. Jedoch hält in der Regenzeit der bewachsenen Boden die Niederschläge besser fest als der unbewachsene. Der Trockenbusch breitet sich nur an solchen Stellen aus, an denen das salzhaltige Grundwasser nicht bis an die Oberfläche steigt. Die oberen Bodenschichten sind dann salzarm, haben aber auch in der Regenzeit nur einen geringen Wassergehalt. An der untersuchten Stelle war der Boden in Grundwassernähe nicht mehr durchwurzelt.  Die meisten der im Trockenbusch wachsenden Arten werfen im Laufe der Trockenzeit ihre Blätter ab. Der Wassergehalt von Arten mit derben Blättern wie Prosopis juliflora und Pithecellobium spec. liegt etwas unter 70% und schwankt nur geringfügig. Pereskia colombiana, die sukkulente Blätter mit einem Wassergehalt von etwa 90% hat, verliert ihre Blätter schon am Ende der Regenzeit. Die Halophyten Batis und Sesuvium haben sukkulente, immergrüne Blätter. Bei beiden Arten ist der Wassergehalt der Blätter in der Regenzeit höher als in der Trockenzeit. Der Wassergehalt der derben immergrünen Blätter von Laguncularia racemosa, einer Mangrovenpflanze, zeigt keine von der Jahreszeit abhängigen Schwankungen.  Es wurde das Längenwachstum von Batis maritima, die in einer feuchten Zone wuchsen, mit dem von Pflanzen eines trockenen Standorts verglichen.  In der Trockenzeit war das Wachstum an beiden Stellen beeinträchtigt, jedoch an dem trockenen Standort stärker als an dem feuchten.  An einer Stelle, an der zwei Jahre zuvor Ableger von Lemaireocereus griseus gepflanzt worden waren, die inzwischen untersehiedlich gut wuchsen, wurde der Salzgehalt des Bodens bestimmt. Er war an Orten, an denen die Kakteen besonders gut gediehen waren, nicht eindeutig niedriger als an anderen Stellen, an denen das Wachstum schlechter gewesen war.  Neben dem Salzgehalt spielt wahrscheinlich die Bodenstruktur eine wichtige Rolle für die Vegetationsentwicklung in diesem Gebiet. Desde agosto de 1965 hasta junio de 1967 se realizaron estudios ecológicos en la Isla de Salamanca. La región mencionada esta situada en la Costa Atlántica de Colombia, entre las ciudades de Ciénaga y Barranquilla, y es limitada por el Mar Caribe en el norte y la Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta en el sur. La temperatura promedia anual es de 28° C. El verano dura cinco meses, la cantidad anual de lluvias sube probablemente a los 70 mm. En toda la región los suelos son arenosos. Vastas zonas de la Isla, sobre todo en el oeste, están cubiertas con manglares. En el este, donde se realizaron las investigaciones, las partes más elevadas están cubiertas con monte espinoso, mientras que en terrenos bajos (poco encima del nivel del mar hay tierras salinas desnudas o con vegetación de plantas halófilas, como Batis maritima y Sesuvium portulacastrum. Generalmente la salinidad del suelo es causada por aguas salinas subterráneas. Durante el verano la superficie de la tierra en las zonas desnudas esta cubierta con una costra de sal, mientras que en el verano los contenidos de sal en los estratos superiores son muy bajos. Las concentraciones de sal en áreas cubiertas con plantas halófilas pueden elevarse sobre las de las zonas desnudas, causada probablemente por la absorción de agua por las plantas. Donde el nivel de las aguas subterráneas esta cerca de la superficie de la tierra, hay un contenido alto de agua en todo el año, Al elevarse el nivel de la tierra sobre el nivel del mar, el disminuye. Al fin del verano el suministro de agua en las áreas cubiertas con plantas puede ser peor que en las zonas desnudas, pero en el invierno la cubierta vegetal reduce el desagüe superficial de las aguas de las lluvias.  Donde las aguas subterráneas no llegan hasta la superficie de la tierra, se puede desarrollar el monte espinoso, porque la concentración de sal baja notablemente en los estratos superiores. En el sitio investigado no se encontraron raíces cerca del nivel de las aguas subterráneas.  La mayoría de las especies creciendo en el monte espinoso pierde sus hojas durante el verano. Las especies con hojas fuertes, como Prosopis juliflora y Pithecollobium. spec, tienen un contenido de agua de 70%, aproximadamente. Las hojas suculentas de Pereskia colombiana, con un contenido de agua de 90%, desaparecen ya al fin del invierno. Las plantas halófilas, Batis y Sesuvium, tienen hojas suculentas siempre verdes. El contenido de agua de ambas especies es en el invierno superior al del verano.  El contenido de agua de las hojas de Laguncularia racemosa no muestra fluctuaciones dependientes de las estaciones.  Se compare el crecimiento de Batis maritima, creciendo en un lugar siempre húmedo, con el de plantas de una zona seca. Durante el verano el crecimiento disminuyo en ambos lugares, pero el perjuicio era peor en la zona seca que en la zona húmeda.  Se determinó el contenido de sal del suelo en un lugar donde había una plantación de Lemaireocereus griseus, sembrada dos años antes. No se pudieron encontrar diferencias considerables en el contenido de sal de lugares con plantas bien desarrolladas y otros con cactáceas poco crecidas.  Aparentemente, además del contenido de sal, la estructura de los suelos tiene alguna importancia para el desarrollo de la vegetación en aquellaregión.

  8. Laissez faire or faire mourir. The significance of participation of the clergy in the contract of purchase and sale of annuities in Central Europe between the 14th and the 15th century / Krzysztof Olendzki ; komment. Tiina Kala

    Olendzki, Krzysztof

    2009-01-01

    Rendiseostust ja -müügist ning kiriklike institutsioonide osalusest selles. Raha tulu saamise eesmärgil väljalaenamist kritiseeriti. Intressi suurust üritati piirata või rendiselepinguid tühistada.

  9. Early results of micro-deformation measurements in Magdalena Jama (Slovenia) by a vertical static pendulum

    Kalenda, Pavel; Neumann, L.; Šebela, S.

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 42, č. 1 (2013), s. 143-154 ISSN 0583-6050 Institutional support: RVO:67985891 Keywords : tilt * pendulum * deformations * earthquakes Subject RIV: JL - Materials Fatigue, Friction Mechanics Impact factor: 0.710, year: 2013 http://ojs.zrc-sazu.si/carsologica/article/view/635

  10. Productive and reproductive behavior of three herd of Cebu cattle of the Magdalena Area

    Nossa Hernandez, M.O.; Obando Correa, H.; Castro Hernandez, A.; Gallego Marin, M.I.

    1989-01-01

    The productive and reproductive behavior of 3 herd of cattle is studied of Cebu cattle located in Savannah of Torres, Giron and Lebrija to the northwest of Santander, with heights of 118 to 160 m.s.n.m, temperatures of 25 to 27 centigrade degrees, relative humidity of 65 to 80 percent and plane topography with waves and acid soil. The exploitation system evolved from the continuous shepherding in native prairies to the rotational with improved prairies and mineral supplementation. The system of it mounts it was continuous and oscillate among 35 cows/bull to the beginning and 25-30 cows/bull at the end. Due to the location and different handling, the 3 herds were analyzed independently. 1, 1843 observations were analyzed to measure the interval between childbirths and 478 for the weight to the birth and the weaning (270 days). An analysis was used by minimum squares with unequal subclasses. The weight to the weaning was adjusted by covariance, due to the dispersion of the age to the weaning. For the natality rate they were processed and they analyzed for high X to the 2 3175 herds. The prevalence of infectious illnesses of the reproduction was studied in 156 blood samples and it was analyzed by the pattern 1 of Cavanzo. The intervals among childbirths for the herds 1, 2 and 3 were: 466 days (C V same 24 percent), 458 days (C V same 29 percent) and 513 days (C V same 31 percent), respectively. When studying the effect of the month of the childbirth on the interval among childbirths, the months of low precipitation (December to March and July) they diminished the interval the bull it also influenced in the duration of the interval among childbirths; in all the herds, the effect of the reproducer increased or it diminished the interval significantly. In the herd 1, the weight average to the birth was of 32 but or less 1.9 kg and the males weighed 3.8 kg more that the females. The weight to the weaning was of 219.4 but or less 16.9 kg (C V similar to 8.0 percent) and it was influenced significantly alone for the year of childbirth and for the reproducer. The distribution of the sex was lightly superior for the females (52 percent) the half rate of natality for the 3 was 78.4 percent. The herd 3 presented the rate low (74.5 percent) and the 2, the high (81.6 percent). Regarding illnesses, the 3 herd were free of brucellosis, with a very low incidence, 22 percent, of bovine viral diarrhea (DVB) and 1 parainfluenza-3 percent (PI-3) and a high prevalence (54 percent) of infectious bovine rinotraqueitis (RBI)

  11. LA VEGETACIÓN TERRESTRE EN LA ENSENADA DE NEGUANJE, PARQUE NACIONAL NATURAL TAYRONA (MAGDALENA, COLOMBIA

    Carbonó Eduino

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Entre los meses de julio y diciembre de 2007 se realizaron inventarios que permitieronconocer el estado actual de la riqueza y la estructura de la vegetación en la ensenadade Neguanje, Parque Nacional Natural Tayrona. Se siguió el método propuesto por elInstituto Humboldt para muestreo de plantas leñosas en tres sitios, para un total de 0.3ha. La evaluación realizada ofrece como resultado el registro de 1310 individuos conDAP ≥ 2.5 cm, correspondientes a 77 especies, de 28 familias de plantas con fl ores.Para cada uno de los tres sitios muestreados, se encontró un total de 29 especies (15familias, 49 (21 familias y 55 (24 familias por 1000 m². Las familias presentes,con mayor valor ecológico, son comunes en la mayoría de los bosques secos deColombia, sin embargo, es notoria la relativa baja diversidad específi ca, si se comparacon evaluaciones ejecutadas en ambientes semejantes. Se destaca la acción de losvientos intensos y persistentes como un factor infl uyente sobre la diversidad fl orísticaen el primer sitio estudiado.

  12. Algunas consideraciones geomorfológicas de la cuenca del Río de la Magdalena

    Jorge Cervantes Borja

    1969-06-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se intenta demostrar cómo el medio físico se mantiene en una dinámica continua, sujeta tanto a acciones física como biológicas; dichas acciones reflejan fenómenos y hechos nuevos sobre el paisaje, generando una labor mixta raramente apreciada y menos aún cuantificada. La geomorfología moderna afirma que las formas actuales son el resultado de acciones pasadas, y que los procesos actuales, darán formas futuras hasta cierto punto previsibles, aunque ciertamente difíciles de cuantificar, por la complejidad de los mecanismos que entran en juego. Sobre esta base, se describe el modelado y se establece una probable evolución del mismo a partir de hechos pasados que se indican en un intento cronológico. Al mismo tiempo se analizan los procesos dinámicos que son la causa de la morfogénesis actual y esto nos permite emitir algunas recomendaciones prácticas para corregir el desequilibrio ecológico que amenaza la modificación de la cuenca.

  13. Applying ARIMA model for annual volume time series of the Magdalena River

    Gloria Amaris

    2017-04-01

    Conclusions: The simulated results obtained with the ARIMA model compared to the observed data showed a fairly good adjustment of the minimum and maximum magnitudes. This allows concluding that it is a good tool for estimating minimum and maximum volumes, even though this model is not capable of simulating the exact behaviour of an annual volume time series.

  14. SECADO DE ARENCA (Triportheus magdalenae: INFLUENCIA DEL SALADO EN PILA SECA Y HÚMEDA

    DIEGO FELIPE TIRADO ARMESTO

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the influence of salting on dried (SD and wet stack (WS during the drying of arenca from determining mass transfer coefficients (Kc and diffusivity (Da. Moisture content and NaCl of arenca sheets according to time was determined during salting SD and WS. Data were analyzed in the PHARM/PSC® version 4 program, and the least significant difference test (DMS was applied when a difference between the averages was observed. These data are used in a mathematical model for determining mass transfer coefficients and diffusivity. It was used for this equation concentration in function of time and position for an infinite slab of thickness 2L. It was observed that the best conditions of transfer were made for salted with SD. Depending on the type of salt no significant effects were found (p <0,05 on the transfer of water and NaCl, but whether as long as it remains in the sample solution (p <0,05.

  15. La zona bananera del magdalena, del ensueño de la multinacional a la realidad

    Alvaro Mercado Suarez

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Con la expedicion de la ley 136 de 1994  se esblece un nuevo reimen administrativo municipal que flexibiliza los requisitos en materia de poblacion y recursos para crear ante municipales  y la ley 134 de 1994.

  16. Crop rotation in the Valle Calido del Alto Magdalena a sustainable focus of high yield

    Alfaro Rodriguez, Ricardo; Maria Caicedo, Antonio; Amezquita Collazos, Edgar; Castro Franco, Hugo Eduardo

    1996-01-01

    Experiments were carried out during five years at the Nataima Research Center, located at 431 m.a.s.l, with average temperature of 28 Celsius degrades and annual rainfall of 1274 Boyaca mm, on a soil classified as Arenic Haplustalf, to evaluate different crops rotation based on rice and sorghum; the combinations used were as follows; rice-rice (R-R), rice-- soybean (R-SY), rice-crotalaria-sorghum (R-C-S), sorghum-sorghum (S-S), sorghum-soybean (S-SY) and cotton-sorghum (Al-S). Simultaneously it was evaluated the response to four nitrogen levels, which allowed to find out yield functions and optimum economical. The rotations S-SY, R-SY and AI-S have been the best qualified from an environmental perspective. Sorghum-soybean rotation presents increases in yield compared with expected values, which allows thinking that it is a truly sustainable rotation. This rotation also had an excellent profitability and for that reason is considered the best option within the goals of this work

  17. Histological description of the reproductive system of male and female hatchlings of the Magdalena River turtle (Podocnemis lewyana); Descripcion histologica del sistema reproductivo de machos y hembras de la tortuga del Rio Magdalena (Podocnemis lewyana)

    Sanchez Ospina, Andres C; Rodriguez, Berardo; Ceballos, Claudia P

    2014-07-01

    In this study we described the macroscopic and microscopic histology of the reproductive system of male and female podocnemis lewyana neonates (3.5 months old). We found macroscopic differences in the morphology of the gonads between the sexes, with ovaries being twice as long as testes, and testes being twice as wide as ovaries. Microscopically, we identified several immature elements, such as the lack of a muscle layer in the oviduct of females, and simple epithelia instead of pseudostratified epithelia in the oviduct and epididymis described in reptile adults. We also found a black pigment observed macroscopically in the mesovarium, and macroscopically and histologically in the epididymis. This pigment is consistent with the center of melano-macrophages described in other vertebrates. Finally we described a supporting mesenchymal structure, the appendage of the oviduct, which was much longer than what has been described in other podocnemis species.

  18. A test battery for the determination of positional requirements in adolescent rugby players / Maria Magdalena van Gent

    Van Gent, Maria Magdalena

    2003-01-01

    Motivation Rugby is a very popular sport and is played from primary school to senior level in more than a hundred countries world-wide (Pretorius, 1997:2). South Africa is no exception; it has been known to be the breeding ground/or some of the world's greatest players (Granger, 2002:56). According to Pienaar and Spamer (1998:14) certain anthropometric, physical, motor abilities and game-specific variables can distinguish between talented and less talented rugby players. How...

  19. Species richness and abundance of hesperioidea and papilionoidea (lepidoptera) in Las Delicias natural reserve, Santa Marta, Magdalena, Colombia

    Vargas Zapata, Maria A; Martinez Hernandez, Neis Jose; Gutierrez Moreno, Luis C and others

    2011-01-01

    In the foothills of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia, are formations of dry tropical secondary forest hosting a fauna representative of lepidoptera, which can be used as an indicator of group condition, because of their sensitivity to intervention and specificity in the use of resources; in the present study the changes in richness and abundance of butterflies hesperioidea papilionoidea in nature reserve Las Delicias were evaluated. Two sampling sites with different degrees of intervention were selected. The first site is located between 400- 550 over sea level, while the second at 200 m. We performed four samples, from April to July 2008; using two networks lepidopterist and 10 van someren rydon traps baited with macerated fruit and fish. We captured 432 individuals belonging to 66 species, distributed in 52 genera. Nymphalidae were the most rich family (42) and abundance (250); highlighting the species mechanitis lysimnia fabricius (41 specimens), typical in forest with very good coverage. Site 2, was the most diverse (48) and abundance (236), because in this place there was a greater stratification and tree coverage, and the presence of water resources during the sampling. With the arrival of rain in June and July, there was greater flowering and fruiting of vegetation in the area, increasing the availability of resources and therefore a greater richness and abundance of papilionoidea and hesperioidea in the study area.

  20. EVALUACIÓN DEL POLICULTIVO DE BOCACHICO Prochilodus magdalenae Y TILAPA Oreochromis niloticus UTILIZANDO SUPERFICIES FIJADORAS DE PERIFITON

    J. J. García

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La piscicultura es una actividad importante para satisfacer la demanda alimenticia de una población en crecimiento y en su práctica es necesario desarrollar tecnologías responsables con el ambiente. El policultivo de tilapia-bocachico es relevante por la importancia de estas especies a nivel nacional; tilapia por sus características zootécnicas, y bocachico por su hábito alimentario detritívoro-iliófago, recientemente visto como un pez ecológico. El cultivo basado en perifiton permitiría un sistema altamente eficiente y más limpio, pues aporta alimento natural a los peces y mejora la calidad del agua. Para evaluar el efecto del perifiton sobre el desempeño del policultivo tilapia-bocachico, se ejecutó un experimento durante ocho meses en 18 estanques de 90 m2, con 2,6 tilapias/ m2 y 0,7 bocachicos/m2, sin fertilización; como sustrato para perifiton se instalaron de forma vertical tubos plásticos (3,3 tubos/m2, que se constituyeron en una variable por evaluar. Adicionalmente, tres estrategias alimentarias fueron evaluadas: 0 (sin alimento, alimentación con ración del 20% de proteína bruta (PB y alimentación con ración del 25% de PB. Se utilizó un diseño factorial 2x3 en bloques completos al azar con tres repeticiones por tratamiento y se analizaron datos productivos mediante ANOVA con un modelo lineal general (P < 0,05. No fueron encontrados efectos del sustrato sobre los parámetros estudiados. Hubo efectos simples de la estrategia alimentaria sobre el desempeño de los peces. Por lo pronto, puede ser concluido que la producción basada en perifiton no genera problemas en el sistema ni en los peces y que se requiere más investigación para consolidar la tecnología.

  1. Estudio de la competitividad e internacionalización de la navegabilidad del río Magdalena

    Ordoñez Perez, Diana Maria; Rubio Serpa, Paula

    2013-01-01

    La infraestructura colombiana es uno de los mayores problemas a los cuales se enfrenta el comercio en el país, debido a la situación en que se encuentran las carreteras, la falta de vías fluviales, férreas y las condiciones geográficas que se presentan. Es por esto que el gobierno plantea dentro del Plan Nacional de Desarrollo (PND), inversiones en infraestructura para mejorar las condiciones de esta, permitiendo atender las demandas de comercio. Uno de los mayores proyectos a los que...

  2. Report of a new specimen of Granastrapotherium snorki in the Upper Magdalena Valley, Tatacoa Desert, Huila. Colombia

    Pardo Jaramillo, M

    2010-01-01

    The National Geological Museum Jose Royo y Gomez of INGEOMINAS (Instituto Colombiano de Geologia y Mineria), in field commission made in September -2008, found a nearly complete lower jaw of Granastrapotherium snorki Johnson and Madden, 1997. This work describes and illustrated the evidence of it. A few numbers of specimens was reported in Colombian collections.

  3. Histological description of the reproductive system of male and female hatchlings of the Magdalena River turtle (Podocnemis lewyana)

    Sanchez Ospina, Andres C; Rodriguez, Berardo; Ceballos, Claudia P

    2014-01-01

    In this study we described the macroscopic and microscopic histology of the reproductive system of male and female podocnemis lewyana neonates (3.5 months old). We found macroscopic differences in the morphology of the gonads between the sexes, with ovaries being twice as long as testes, and testes being twice as wide as ovaries. Microscopically, we identified several immature elements, such as the lack of a muscle layer in the oviduct of females, and simple epithelia instead of pseudostratified epithelia in the oviduct and epididymis described in reptile adults. We also found a black pigment observed macroscopically in the mesovarium, and macroscopically and histologically in the epididymis. This pigment is consistent with the center of melano-macrophages described in other vertebrates. Finally we described a supporting mesenchymal structure, the appendage of the oviduct, which was much longer than what has been described in other podocnemis species.

  4. RIQUEZA Y ABUNDANCIA DE HESPEREOIDEA Y PAPILIONOIDEA (LEPIDOPTERA EN LA RESERVA NATURAL LAS DELICIAS, SANTA MARTA, MAGDALENA, COLOMBIA.

    Neis José Martínez Hernández

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Las formaciones de bosque seco tropical secundario que se encuentran en las estribaciones de la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, albergan una fauna representativa de lepidópteros. Este grupo es usado ampliamente como bioindicador del estado de conservación de bosques, por su sensibilidad a la intervención y especificidad en el uso de recursos. En el presente estudio se evaluó la variación de la riqueza y abundancia de las mariposas Papilionoidea y Hespereoidea en la reserva natural Las Delicias. Se seleccionaron dos sitios de muestreo con diferentes grados de intervención, ubicados a 200 msnm y entre los 400 y 550 msnm. Se realizaron cuatro faenas de registro y capturas, de abril a julio de 2008; se utilizaron dos redes entomológicas, con un esfuerzo muestral de 16 horas por faenas y 10 trampas Van Someren- Rydon cebadas con macerado de frutas y calamar. Se capturaron 432 adultos que corresponden a géneros y 66 especies. La familia Nymphalidae presentó mayor riqueza (42 y abundancia (250, destacándose la especie sombrófila Mechanitis lysimnia Fabricius (año con 41 ejemplares, la cual es común en bosques con amplia cobertura vegetal .El sitio 2, presentó mayor riqueza (48 y abundancia (236; que coincide con el espacio donde se presenta la cobertura arbórea más amplia y mayor variación en la estratificación vertical. Además, en este lugar la presencia del recurso hídrico fue permanente durante los muestreos. Con el aumento de las lluvias en junio y julio, se observó una mayor floración y fructificación de la vegetación en la zona; aumentando la disponibilidad de recursos y por consiguiente, una mayor riqueza y abundancia de Papilionoidea y Hespereoidea en el área de estudio.

  5. POLÍTICAS CULTURALES Y CULTURA POLÍTICA EN UNA ORGANIZACIÓN CAMPESINA DEL MAGDALENA MEDIO COLOMBIANO

    Nydia Constanza Mendoza Romero

    2011-01-01

    El artículo se orienta a la comprensión de algunas relaciones entre cultura y poder que median los procesos organizativos inscritos en zonas de conflicto social y armado colombiano. En particular, se analiza la forma en la cual, en la configuración histórica de una organización campesina en Cimitarra, se van imbricando las políticas culturales, que desde este tipo de agrupaciones se despliegan, con las culturas políticas locales y nacionales, proceso en el que se van redefiniendo también los ...

  6. POLÍTICAS CULTURALES Y CULTURA POLÍTICA EN UNA ORGANIZACIÓN CAMPESINA DEL MAGDALENA MEDIO COLOMBIANO

    Nydia Constanza Mendoza Romero

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo se orienta a la comprensión de algunas relaciones entre cultura y poder que median los procesos organizativos inscritos en zonas de conflicto social y armado colombiano. En particular, se analiza la forma en la cual, en la configuración histórica de una organización campesina en Cimitarra, se van imbricando las políticas culturales, que desde este tipo de agrupaciones se despliegan, con las culturas políticas locales y nacionales, proceso en el que se van redefiniendo también los modos de asumir lo político.

  7. Geological evolution of the Serrania de San Lucas, north of the Magdalena valley and northwest of the Eastern Cordillera

    Clavijo, Jairo; Mantilla, Luis; Pinto, Jorge; Bernal, Luis; Perez, Adrian

    2008-01-01

    Development of the Serrania de San Lucas was determinate by eight tectonostratigraphic events: 1) Proterozoic Metamorphic Event, 2) Early Paleozoic Metamorphic Event, 3) Late Triassic - Early Jurassic Volcaniclastic Event, 3a) Middle Jurassic Magmatic Stage, 4) Late Jurassic Magmatic Event, 5) Late Jurassic Sedimentary Event 6) Cretacic -Early Eocene Sedimentary Event, 6a) Albian Late Cretacic Magmatic Stage, 7) Eocene-Oligocene Tectonic Inversion Event, 8) Miocene-Present Event.

  8. Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge: 2009 Academic Award

    Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge 2009 award winner, Professor Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, developed Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization to make polymers with copper catalysts and environmentally friendly reducing agents.

  9. Vaid üks on taevas / Kaire Maimets-Volt

    Maimets, Kaire, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Mängufilmist "Taevas" ("Heaven") : režissöör Tom Tykwer, stsenaristid Krzysztof Piesiewicz ja Krzysztof Kieslowski, peaosas Cate Blanchett : Saksamaa - Itaalia - USA - Prantsusmaa - Suurbritannia 2002. Originaalmuusika Tom Tykwer, valmismuusika Arvo Pärt ("Aliinale", "Peegel peeglis", "Variatsioonid Arinushka tervenemise puhul"). Esilinastus 6. II 2002 Berliini rahvusvahelisel filmifestivalil. Artikli lõpus Tom Tykwerist ja tema filmograafia

  10. Combination of RNAseq and SNP nanofluidic array reveals the center of genetic diversity of cacao pathogen Moniliophthora roreri in the upper Magdalena Valley of Colombia and its clonality

    Moniliophthora roreri is the fungal pathogen that causes frosty pod rot (FPR) disease of Theobroma cacao L., the source of chocolate. FPR occurs in most of the cacao producing countries in the Western Hemisphere, causing yield losses up to 80%. Genetic diversity within the FPR pathogen population ma...

  11. Combination of RNAseq and SNP nanofluidic array reveals the center of genetic diversity of cacao pathogen Moniliophthora roreri in the upper Magdalena Valley of Colombia and its clonality

    Ali, Shahin S.; Shao, Jonathan; Strem, Mary D.; Phillips-Mora, Wilberth; Zhang, Dapeng; Meinhardt, Lyndel W.; Bailey, Bryan A.

    2015-01-01

    Moniliophthora roreri is the fungal pathogen that causes frosty pod rot (FPR) disease of Theobroma cacao L., the source of chocolate. FPR occurs in most of the cacao producing countries in the Western Hemisphere, causing yield losses up to 80%. Genetic diversity within the FPR pathogen population may allow the population to adapt to changing environmental conditions and adapt to enhanced resistance in the host plant. The present study developed single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers fro...

  12. U-Pb La-ICP-ms geochronology and regional correlation of middle Jurassic intrusive rocks from the Garzon Massif, Upper Magdalena Valley and central cordillera, southern Colombia

    Bustamante, Camilo; Cardona, Agustin; Bayona, German; Mora, Andres; Valencia, Victor; Gehrels, George; Vervoort, Jeff

    2010-01-01

    New U-Pb zircon geochronology from four granitic units sampled along a southeast-northwest transect between the Garzon massif and the Serrania de las Minas (central cordillera), records a middle Jurassic magmatic activity with two different spatio-temporal domains at ca. 189 ma and 180-173 ma. Reconnaissance data suggest that the four granitoids are characterized by mineralogical and geochemical characteristics akin to a continental magmatic arc setting. The new results suggest that the southern Colombian continental margin includes remnants of tectonomagmatic elements formed by the subduction of the Farallon plate under the South American continental margin. This middle Jurassic arc magmatism is part of the broader Andean scale arc province, and is significant for understanding the tectonic and paleogeographic scenario that characterized the Mesozoic tectonic evolution of the northern Andes.

  13. Syntheses of sulfanylphthalimide and xanthine analogues and their evaluation as inhibitors of monoamine oxidase and as antagonists of adenosine receptors / Mietha Magdalena van der Walt

    Van der Walt, Mietha Magdalena

    2013-01-01

    Currently L-DOPA is the drug most commonly used for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, the long-term use of L-DOPA is associated with the development of motor fluctuations and dyskinesias. Treatment mainly addresses the dopaminergic features of the disease and leaves its progressive course unaffected. An optimal treatment would be a combination of both motor and non-motor symptom relief with neuroprotective properties. Two drug targets have attracted the attent...

  14. EL DIARIO DE CAMPO DEL DES-CONOCIMIENTO AL RE-CONOCIMIENTO DE LA DIVERSIDAD BIOLÓGICA DE SAN ZENÓN (MAGDALENA

    Tania Ximena Salcedo Gómez

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo centra su atención en el diario de campo, como una estrategia de enseñanza y aprendizaje individual y colectivo, sobre la vida y lo vivo. Para ello se realiza un estudio con los estudiantes de décimo y once, de la Institución Educativa Departamental Gerardo Valencia Cano; en el que, a través de la observación, la indagación y el registro en el diario de campo (de los conocimientos acerca de la fauna, la flora, y algunos aspectos de la historia y la población, se pudo dar un paso entre el des-conocimiento, al re-conocimiento de la diversidad y del sí mismo; promoviendo al mismo tiempo el desarrollo de algunas habilidades y  contribuyendo en la superación de algunas falencias.

  15. Environmental Assessment and FONSI for the Joint United States/Republic of Korea Research and Development Study for Improved Underground Ammunition Storage Technologies Tests, Magdalena, New Mexico

    1994-09-01

    pine (Pinus edulis) on the south-facing slopes and New Mexico locust (Robina neomexicana) and scrub oak ( Quercus gambelii) on the north facing slopes...condition of the area. The disturbed area would be reseeded with a mixture of native species such as Arizona fescue (Festuca arizonica ), squirrel-tail

  16. Políticas culturales y cultura política en una organización campesina del Magdalena Medio colombiano

    Nydia Constanza Mendoza Romero

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available El artículo se orienta a la comprensión de algunas relaciones entre cultura y poder que median los procesos organizativos inscritos en zonas de conflicto social y armado colombiano. En particular, se analiza la forma en la cual, en la configuración histórica de una organización campesina en Cimitarra, se van imbricando las políticas culturales, que desde este tipo de agrupaciones se despliegan, con las culturas políticas locales y nacionales, proceso en el que se van redefiniendo también los modos de asumir lo político.

  17. Políticas culturales y cultura política en una organización campesina del Magdalena Medio colombiano

    Nydia Constanza Mendoza Romero

    2011-01-01

    El artículo se orienta a la comprensión de algunas relaciones entre cultura y poder que median los procesos organizativos inscritos en zonas de conflicto social y armado colombiano. En particular, se analiza la forma en la cual, en la configuración histórica de una organización campesina en Cimitarra, se van imbricando las políticas culturales, que desde este tipo de agrupaciones se despliegan, con las culturas políticas locales y nacionales, proceso en el que se van redefiniendo también los ...

  18. The dynamics of academic publications. Editorial processes of intellectual production and scientific-cultural divulgation: the case of Universidad del Magdalena

    Jorge Enrique Elías-Caro

    2017-01-01

    En un mundo globalizado –como el que prevalece en estos tiempos–, donde la internacionalización de la economía, los procesos de integración y de virtualización, hacen presencia con mucho ímpetu, la llamada “era digital” y sus factores de desarrollo, juegan un papel importante para los avances de las ciencias, la tecnología y la innovación, así como también para la sociedad misma. Los adelantos científicos que se muestran hoy en día para las distintas disciplinas, es el reflejo de la dinámica ...

  19. The dynamics of academic publications. Editorial processes of intellectual production and scientific-cultural divulgation: the case of Universidad del Magdalena

    Jorge Enrique Elías-Caro

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available En un mundo globalizado –como el que prevalece en estos tiempos–, donde la internacionalización de la economía, los procesos de integración y de virtualización, hacen presencia con mucho ímpetu, la llamada “era digital” y sus factores de desarrollo, juegan un papel importante para los avances de las ciencias, la tecnología y la innovación, así como también para la sociedad misma. Los adelantos científicos que se muestran hoy en día para las distintas disciplinas, es el reflejo de la dinámica de cómo la generación y apropiación del conocimiento se desenvuelve cada vez más a pasos precipitados. Es en este sentido que el sistema de investigación en Colombia, en concordancia con la afanosa tarea de América latina por disminuir las brechas en términos de CyT, al igual que en TIC, con las grandes potencias extra regionales, le ha apostado por estandarizar los sistemas de información en la búsqueda de homogenizar y aumentar con mayores indicadores de calidad los diversos procesos resultados de investigación.

  20. [Presence of infected vectors of Leishmania (V.) panamensis within dwellings in two endemic foci in the foothill of the middle Magdalena valley, western Boyacá, Colombia].

    Santamaría, Erika; Ponce, Nubia; Zipa, Yaneth; Ferro, Cristina

    2006-10-01

    Case records of leishmaniasis of the years 1997 to 2003 of the department of Boyaca showed that since the year 2000 the department experienced an unusual rise in the incidence of cutaneous leishmaniasis that might correspond to an epidemic outbreak in the western region of the department. Age and gender distribution of cases supported a domestic transmission. This research was designed to identify the vectors of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the municipalities of Otanche and Pauna through their presence in dwellings and their natural infection with the same species of Leishmania isolated from patients. Sampling of sand flies was done with CDC traps in and around dwellings. Samples from patients and pooled females of the most abundant species of Lutzomyia were used to identify the parasite by PCR. Monoclonal antibody typing was also used to confirm the identification of the parasite in samples from patients. In both municipalities L. trapidoi was the most abundant anthropophilic species of Lutzomyia indoors and around dwellings. L. hartmanni and L. yuilli were also abundant in Otanche, and L. gomezi and L. panamensis in Pauna. Leishmania (V) panamensis was identified both in patients and in the sand flies: L. yuilli, L. gomezi and L. panamensis.. Our findings prove the presence of infected vectors of Leishmania panamensis within dwellings in the towns of Otanche and Pauna in Western Boyacá. Since L. trapidoi was the most abundant species, it may be considered as the principal vector of Leishmania (V.) panamensis. The evidence of transmission within human dwellings warrants vector control at least in this environment.

  1. Different patterns of nuclear and mitochondrial penetration by the G3 PAMAM dendrimer and its biotin–pyridoxal bioconjugate BC-PAMAM in normal and cancer cells in vitro

    Uram Ł

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Łukasz Uram,1 Magdalena Szuster,1 Aleksandra Filipowicz,2 Krzysztof Gargasz,3 Stanisław Wołowiec,3 Elżbieta Wałajtys-Rode4 1Bioorganic Chemistry Laboratory, Faculty of Chemistry, Rzeszow University of Technology, 2Cosmetology Department, University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszow, 3Institute of Nursery and Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszow, Rzeszow, 4Department of Drug Technology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Chemistry, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland Abstract: The intracellular localization and colocalization of a fluorescently labeled G3 amine-terminated cationic polyamidoamine (PAMAM dendrimer and its biotin–pyridoxal (BC-PAMAM bioconjugate were investigated in a concentration-dependent manner in normal human fibroblast (BJ and squamous epithelial carcinoma (SCC-15 cell lines. After 24 hours treatment, both cell lines revealed different patterns of intracellular dendrimer accumulation depending on their cytotoxic effects. Cancer cells exhibited much higher (20-fold tolerance for native PAMAM treatment than fibroblasts, whereas BC-PAMAM was significantly toxic only for fibroblasts at 50 µM concentration. Fibroblasts accumulated the native and bioconjugated dendrimers in a concentration-dependent manner at nontoxic range of concentration, with significantly lower bioconjugate loading. After reaching the cytotoxicity level, fluorescein isothiocyanate-PAMAM accumulation remains at high, comparable level. In cancer cells, native PAMAM loading at higher, but not cytotoxic concentrations, was kept at constant level with a sharp increase at toxic concentration. Mander’s coefficient calculated for fibroblasts and cancer cells confirmed more efficient native PAMAM penetration as compared to BC-PAMAM. Significant differences in nuclear dendrimer penetration were observed for both cell lines. In cancer cells, PAMAM signals amounted to ~25%–35% of the total nuclei area at all

  2. In vitro cytotoxicity of the ternary PAMAM G3–pyridoxal–biotin bioconjugate

    Uram Ł

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Łukasz Uram, Magdalena Szuster, Krzysztof Gargasz, Aleksandra Filipowicz, Elżbieta Wałajtys-Rode, Stanisław Wołowiec Cosmetology Department, University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszów, Rzeszów, Poland Abstract: A third-generation polyamidoamine dendrimer (PAMAM G3 was used as a macromolecular carrier for pyridoxal and biotin. The binary covalent bioconjugate of G3, with nine molecules of biotin per one molecule of G3 (G39B, and the ternary covalent bioconjugate of G3, with nine biotin and ten pyridoxal molecules (G39B10P, were synthesized. The biotin and pyridoxal residues of the bioconjugate were available for carboxylase and transaminase enzymes, as demonstrated in the conversion of pyruvate to oxaloacetate and alanine to pyruvate, respectively, by in vitro monitoring of the reactions, using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The toxicity of the ternary bioconjugate (BC-PAMAM was studied in vitro on BJ human normal skin fibroblasts and human squamous cell carcinoma (SCC-15 cell cultures in comparison with PAMAM G3, using three cytotoxicity assays (XTT, neutral red, and crystal violet and an estimation of apoptosis by confocal microscopy detection. The tests have shown that BC-PAMAM has significantly lower cytotoxicity compared with PAMAM. Nonconjugated PAMAM was not cytotoxic at concentrations up to 5 µM (NR and 10 µM (XTT, and BC-PAMAM was not cytotoxic up to 50 µM (both assays for both cell lines. It has been also found that normal fibroblasts were more sensitive than SCC to both PAMAM and BC-PAMAM. The effect of PAMAM and BC-PAMAM on the initiation of apoptosis (PAMAM in fibroblasts at 5 µM and BC-PAMAM at 10 µM in both cell lines corresponded with cytotoxicity assays for both cell lines. We concluded that normal fibroblasts are more sensitive to the cytotoxic effects of the PAMAM G3 dendrimer and that modification of its surface cationic groups by substitution with biologically active molecules

  3. Tüüri autoriplaat on MIDEM-i auhinna nominent

    2008-01-01

    Muusikamessi MIDEM klassikalise muusika plaatide auhinnaõhtul on üheks preemia nominendiks Luciano Berio ja Krzysztof Penderecki kõrval Erkki-Sven Tüüri autoriplaat "Magma", messist 27.-31. jaan. Cannes'is Prantsusmaal

  4. Indian Academy of Sciences Conference Series | Indian Academy of ...

    Home; Journals; Indian Academy of Sciences Conference Series; Volume 1; Issue 1. Chimera-like states generated by large perturbation of synchronous state of coupled metronomes. SERGEY BREZETSKIY DAWID DUDKOWSKI PATRYCJA JAROS JERZY WOJEWODA KRZYSZTOF CZOLCZYNSKI YURI MAISTRENKO ...

  5. Kollaaž ja kontekst. Robert Rumase liiklusmärgid Tallinnas / Hanno Soans

    Soans, Hanno, 1974-

    2004-01-01

    Sekkuv kunst. Poola kunstniku Robert Rumase (1966) rahvusvahelisest kunstiprojektist "Linnamanöövrid", Kai Kaljo videost "One way to see America", Krzysztof Wodicko "Kodutute projektsioonist" ja New York City Unioni väljaku ümberkorraldamisest

  6. JPRS Report, East Europe

    1991-06-14

    Allah Akhbar Together?"] [Excerpts] The vacuum in policy related to the ethnic issue is being filled with the goals of the ideology of Pan-Turkism and...causing the government of Jan Krzysztof flielecki to come into being, although the lack of competitive pro- grams for the economic ideas of liberals...to achieve and what should it fear? [Tusk] For Jan Krzysztof Bielecki it is not easy to manage the property that is Poland in a liberal manner. And

  7. Respuesta del banano (Clon «Gran Enano» a la fertirrigación con diferentes fuentes potásicas en ciénaga (Magdalena Banana response to different potassium sources in fertirrigation at Ciénaga, Magdalena

    Guerrero Riascos Ricardo

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available En un sistema de fertirrigación (por goteo se efectuó un experimento para evaluar la eficiencia agronómica y económica de dos fertilizantes potásicos (KN03 y K2S04 y su mezcla en el cultivo del banano (Clon «Gran Enano», 3ª. cepa. En comparación con el K2S04, la fertirrigación con KN03 consiguió incrementar en 4,6 kg el peso promedio por racimo (P<0,01, produjo cerca de una mano más por racimo (P<0,01 y dos dedos adicionales por mano (P<0,01, incrementando también la longitud del dedo central . La mezcla en partes iguales de KN03 y K2S04 resultó, para algunas variables, en efectos análogos, pero de magnitud cuántica y estadística inferior. El KN03, en comparación con el K2S04, incrementó el rendimiento en cajas/racimo de 1,7 a 1,9 (319 cajas/Ha y su relación Beneficio/Costo (B/C fue de 10/1.
    This experiment was conducted to examine the agronomic and economic impact of different sources of potassium (K2S04" KN03 and [K2S04 (50% + KN03 (50%] in a drip
    irrigation system in a banana farm planted with the «Gran Enano clone (3rd harvest, in Ciénaga, Colombia. In comparison with potassium sulfate, potassium nitrate increased the average weight of banana bunches in 4,6 kg (P<0,01. Potassium nitrate also produced nearly one hand more per bunch (P<0,01 and two fingers more per hand (P<0,01. In addition, fingers were larger with KN03 than with K2S04. The combination of K2S04 and KN03 produced similar effects for sorne response variables, but with lower statistical confidence. Potassium nitrate increased the yield ratio in boxeslbunch from 1,7 to 1,9 (319 boxes/Ha, and its benefit/cost was 10/1.

  8. Cine club

    Cine club

    2016-01-01

    Wednesday 16 November 2016 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Dekalog - 5 Directed by Krzysztof Kieslowski Poland, 1990, 59 minutes "Thou shalt not kill" - a shorter, slightly less graphic version of 'A Short Film About Killing', but the plot is essentially the same: murder followed by execution, two killings, one illegal, one legal, both hideous. Dekalog - 6 Directed by Krzysztof Kieslowski Poland, 1990, 60 minutes "Thou shalt not commit adultery" - a shorter, scaled-down version of 'A Short Film About Love', with a less complex plot and a different ending - though the basic narrative about the relationship between a lonely 19-year- old boy and the thirtysomething artist that he spies on every night is the same. Original version Polish; English subtitles Wednesday 23 November 2016 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Dekalog - 7 Directed by Krzysztof Kieslowski Poland, 1990, 59 minutes "Thou shalt not steal" - but in this case the...

  9. Diseño y evaluación de un sistema tecnológico para la alimentación bovina en la zona cálida del Alto Magdalena

    Lenda Nayibe Zamora Bonilla

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio se llevó a cabo en Agrinsa (Tolima con el objetivo de evaluar un sistema tecnológico de manejo para la alimentación intensiva de bovinos. Se usaron 30 toretes Cebú comercial con un peso inicial promedio de 210 kg en un diseño de bloques completamente aleatorizado en tres tratamientos que consistieron en la inclusión del 57,7% (T1, 47,1% (T2 y 36,8% (T3, de la mezcla tamo de arroz con pollinaza, los demás ingredientes fueron: semilla de algodón, harina de arroz, cacota de algodón, tortave, melaza, y una premezcla de vitaminas y minerales. La duración de la prueba fue de 105 días, al finalizar el experimento se observó una ganancia de peso vivo superior en los animales sometidos al Tratamiento 3 (p<0,05 de 1,012gr/día, seguida por el tratamiento 2 con 840gr/día y el Tratamiento 1 con 680 gr/día. La evaluación del consumo mostró que el tratamiento 3 fue el mejor, con diferencias estadísticas entre los tratamientos (p<0,05; sin embargo la mejor conversión alimenticia se evidenció con el Tratamiento 2 (6,91 superando al tratamiento 3 (7,04. En el análisis de digestibilidad de las dietas, el mejor índice lo obtuvo el tratamiento 3 con el 63,38%, y en su orden el Tratamiento 2 (59,11% y el Tratamiento 1 (51,53%, en el mismo orden el tratamiento con mayor rentabilidad fue el Tratamiento 3 (12,4%, en el Tratamiento 2 se obtuvo un porcentaje del 9,94%, y el Tratamiento 1 arrojó un porcentaje negativo del -6,58%. El manejo de los toretes en instalaciones móviles, armables y desarmables, fue apropiado y cumplió su propósito para este diseño.

  10. Una breve descripción de la vegetación, con especial énfasis en las pioneras intermedias de los bosques secos de la Jagua, en la cuenca alta del Rio Magdalena en el Huila

    William Gerardo Vargas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se revisó la información existente sobre la flora de los bosques secos del sur del departamento del Huila, con especial interés en la de La Jagua y sus alrededores con el fin de identificar especies pioneras intermedias que puedan apoyar procesos de restauración ecológica y conservación de la biodiversidad. Para los bosques secos del departamento se identificaron 203 especies pioneras intermedias distribuidas en 123 géneros y 45 familias botánicas, mientras que para La Jagua 153 especies agrupadas en 109 géneros y 42 familias, entre las que sobresalen Fabaceae,  Rubiaceae, Malvaceae, Moraceae y Anacardiaceae. Se proponen 85 especies consideradas claves para procesos de conservación, la restauración de los ecosistemas secos de la región dirigida a la generación de hábitat y de conectividad, la producción de recursos para la fauna, así como la producción de leña y madera para las comunidades dentro de un modelo de herramientas de manejo del paisaje.

  11. Identificación de Parásitos Gastrointestinales en dos Especies de Delfines en Cautiverio del Acuario y Museo del Mar el Rodadero ubicado en Santa Marta‚ Magdalena -resumen-

    Dave Wehdeking-Hernández; J Rodríguez; C Zuluaga; Luis Barrios; Julio Mejía

    2014-01-01

    Las infecciones parasitarias en animales tienen distribución mundial y se caracterizan por una sintomatología intestinal inespecífica; por procesos clínicos que pueden ser agudos‚ sub agudos y crónicos. La epidemiologia de las parasitosis intestinales es muy variada‚ depende del tipo de parásito‚ del área geográfica‚ del estado general del hospedero y de los hábitos poblacionales. Teniendo en cuenta que los delfines son uno de los principales atractivos del acuario‚ se estableció un protocolo...

  12. Determinación del nivel de colinesterasa sérica en una población ocupacionalmente expuesta a plaguicidas en el municipio Zona Bananera, Magdalena (Colombia), 2012

    Lozano-Socarras, Sonja Liliana

    2015-01-01

    Introducción: los compuestos organofosforados y carbamatos son los responsables de gran parte de las intoxicaciones por plaguicidas que tienen lugar en poblaciones laboralmente expuestas, dado que son los más usados en Colombia y son potentes inhibidores de las enzimas colinesterasas, causando graves intoxicaciones agudas de tipo laboral, y en algunas ocasiones con efectos a largo plazo. Objetivo: evaluar la cantidad de colinesterasa sérica en trabajadores bananeros expuestos ocupacionalmente...

  13. Panóptico para candidatos de parapolítica. Cubrimiento de las elecciones locales de octubre de 2011 en los departamentos de Sucre, Magdalena y Norte de Santander desde la prensa regional y nacional

    Maryluz Vallejo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Por encargo del Centro Internacional para la Justicia Transicional (CIJT se realizó un estudio sobre las elecciones locales del 30 de octubre de 2011, centrado en los “candidatos de observación especial”, es decir, sindicados de tener alianzas con políticos investigados y procesados por nexos con el paramilitarismo. El propósito que orientó la observación fue determinar si la prensa regional, en un contexto de sospecha razonable respecto a esos vínculos, cumplió su rol de “perro guardián de la democracia”, al denunciar conductas irregulares en el periodo preelectoral y postelectoral; si defendió intereses políticos o se mantuvo neutral. La observación se hizo en tres departamentos de alto riesgo electoral, con el propósito de analizar cómo fue el tratamiento periodístico que recibieron estos candidatos en 14 medios seleccionados, incluyendo los diarios de referencia nacional y los regionales con ese ámbito de cubrimiento.

  14. En pos de un “Pueblo Virtuoso, Inteligente e Instruido”. Homogeneización y proyecto social en la educación pública de Magdalena (Colombia durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIX

    Adriana Santos Delgado

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se examinarán el diseño e implementación de instrumentos y mecanismos conducentes al establecimiento de una educación unificada y popular en el contexto de una sociedad fronteriza de los Estados Unidos de Colombia durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIX. Los gobiernos liberales radicales en su objetivo por asegurar la formación de los ciudadanos del futuro propendieron por la monopolización estatal del sistema educativo. Para ello emprendieron una serie de discursos y acciones democratizadoras de la instrucción cuya expresión última fue el interés por garantizar la escolarización primaria de toda la población infantil. Los alcances de dicho proceso deben entenderse a partir de la institucionalización incipiente del Estado mismo así como de los roles asumidos por los funcionarios gubernamentales, los pobladores y en general, todos los miembros de las comunidades.   This paper looks at the design and implementation of the instruments and mechanisms that led to the establishment of a unified and popular education in a frontier community of the United States of Colombia during the second half of the nineteenth century. So as to secure the instruction of future citizens, radical liberal Governments inclined towards the monopolization of the State education system. In order to do so, they put forward a series of speeches and actions for the democratization of education, which culminated in the interest in guaranteeing primary schooling for the entire infant population. In view of this, this paper argues that the scope of this process may be understood in the context of an incipient institutionalization of the State, and by means of the analysis of the roles played by Governmental officers, settlers in general, as well as by all community members.

  15. Importancia del uso de las plataformas virtuales en la formación superior para favorecer el cambio de actitud hacia las TIC: estudio de caso. Universidad del Magdalena, Colombia

    Pérez Cervantes, Mónica Luz; Saker, Anuar Francisco

    2013-01-01

    El propósito de la investigación fue analizar el cambio actitudinal en los estudiantes de pregrado acerca del uso de la plataforma virtual como apoyo al desarrollo de un curso de formación disciplinar impartido en la modalidad presencial, considerando los aportes de Vygotsky (1988), Ausubel (1983), Pozo (2001), Coll (2007), Marqués (2001; 2003), Prensky (2001), Vilaseca y Meseguer (2000), entre otros. El estudio corresponde a un estudio de caso, enmarcado en el paradigma cualitativo, que util...

  16. Balancing the rights to data protection and freedom of expression and information by the court of justice of the European Union. The vulnerability of rights in an online context / Magdalena Jozwiak

    Jozwiak, Magdalena

    2016-01-01

    Isikuandmete kaitsmisest isikuandmete kaitse direktiivi alusel, sõna- ja teabevabadusest Euroopa Liidu põhiõiguste harta põhjal. Euroopa Kohtu kohtupraktikast, mis käsitlevad konflikti isikuandmete kaitsmise ja sõnavabaduse vahel

  17. Efecto del Escaldado sobre el Color y Cinética de Degradación Térmica de la Vitamina C de la Pulpa de Mango de Hilacha (Mangífera indica var magdalena river)

    Mendoza-Corvis, Fernando A; Hernández, Elvis J; Ruiz, Luis E

    2015-01-01

    El objetivo de esta investigación fue determinar la cinética de degradación de la vitamina C y el efecto del escaldado sobre el color de la pulpa de mango de hilacha edulcorada con 20% de sacarosa. La determinación de la vitamina C se realizó empleando el método 2.6 Diclorofenol indofenol y el color mediante Colorímetro HunterLab. Los parámetros cinéticos se determinaron por el método de los mínimos cuadrados y el análisis estadístico mediante el software Desing expert 6.0. La vitamina C sigu...

  18. Indian Academy of Sciences Conference Series | Indian Academy of ...

    Chimera-like states generated by large perturbation of synchronous state of coupled metronomes · SERGEY BREZETSKIY DAWID DUDKOWSKI PATRYCJA JAROS JERZY WOJEWODA KRZYSZTOF CZOLCZYNSKI YURI MAISTRENKO TOMASZ KAPITANIAK · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Chimera states in systems ...

  19. Fiktiivne auhinnagala Lõuna-Prantsusmaal II / Madli Pesti

    Pesti, Madli, 1980-

    2009-01-01

    Muljeid tänavusest 63. Avignoni teatrifestivalist. Pikemalt järgmistest etendustest: Krzysztof Warlikowski "(A)pollonia", Claude Regy "Ode Maritime" (Fernando Pessoa poeemi järgi), Frederico Leoni "Yo en el futuro" ("Mina tulevikus"), Thierry Bedard'i "Geko košmaarid" jt.

  20. Uue ajastu kaks ilu / Heili Vaus-Tamm

    Vaus-Tamm, Heili, 1961-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Muusikaakadeemia sügisfestivalist - avakontserdist 25. IX, kus esines EMTA elektronmuusika stuudio Jean Baptiste Favory juhendamisel; konverentsist "Elektronmuusika ja filosoofia" 26. IX Kultuurikatlas; EMTA nüüdismuusika ansambli kontserdist 26. IX, kus esitati kompositsioonitudengite loomingut; lõppkontserdist 28. IX Krzysztof Penderecki muusikaga

  1. Poola Nike 2008 / Hendrik Lindepuu

    Lindepuu, Hendrik

    2008-01-01

    Poola mainekaima kirjandusauhinna Nike pälvis tänavu Olga Tokarczuki romaan "Jooksjad". Nominendid olid veel: Bronislaw Swiderski "Surma assistent", Krzysztof Varga "Hauakivi terrasiidiga", Andrzej Sosnowski "Pärast vikerkaart", Andrzej Szczeklik "Kore. Haigetest, haigusest ja hinge otsinguist", Wlodzimierz Nowaki "Pea ümbermõõt" ja Malgorzata Szejnerti "Must aed"

  2. Fiktiivne auhinnagala Lõuna-Prantsusmaal / Madli Pesti

    Pesti, Madli, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    6.-27. juuli - 61. Avignoni festival. Valitud etendusi Avignonist : Ariane Mnouchkine'i "Les Ephemeres", Faustin Linyekula "Dinosaurus", Fernardo Anuanga "Reis tulevikku", Sasha Waltz "insideout", Galin Stojevi "Genees nr 2", multimeediaalase kunsti- ja teatrigrupi Superamasi "Big 3rd episode. Happy/end", Guy Cassiersi "Mefisto for Ever", Krzysztof Warlikowski "Inglid Ameerikas", Raimund Hoghe tantsuetendus "36, Avenue Georges Mandel"

  3. Polish Qualitative Sociology. Insight into the future of postdisciplinary research

    Konecki, Krzysztof

    2014-01-01

    The paper desctibes the definitions of following concepts: multidisiplinarity, interdisciplinarity, transdysciplinarity, postdisciplinarity. MOreover it discuss the meanings of a concept of discipline. It describes the place of the Polish qualitative sociology in the context of postdisciplinary research. The main question of paper is: Does the POlish Qualitative Sociology has entered the postdisciplinary phase of research? DGS, UL Krzysztof Konecki

  4. Head animapäeva soovivad Petja ja hunt / Tiit Tuumalu

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Animaürituste sari "Animateek" tähistab täna rahvusvahelist animapäeva, näidates Suzie Templetoni animafilmi (32 min) Sergei Prokofjevi muusikateose alusel "Petja ja hunt" : Suurbritannia - Norra - Poola 2006. Filmi tutvustab üks selle juhtanimaatoreid Krzysztof Brzozowski

  5. Entrainment Zone Characteristics and Entrainment Rates in Cloud-Topped Boundary Layers from DYCOMS-II

    2012-03-01

    Malinowski , J. L. Brenguier, and F. Burnet, 2005: Holes and entrainment in stratocumulus. J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 443–459. Glickman, T. S...of the Entrainment Zone in Cloud-topped Boundary Layers. Department of Meteorology, NPS, 93 pp. Krzysztof, Haman E., S. P. Malinowski , M. J

  6. Polish Qualitative Sociology: The General Features and Development

    Konecki, Krzysztof Tomasz

    2005-01-01

    The article explores the development of Polish qualitative sociology in Poland by presenting its main intellectual routes and some of the general features of Polish sociology. Romanticism and inductionmethod are crucial elements for the development of this discipline in Poland and contribute to its. unigueness. The role of Florian Znaniecki in creating the Polish qualitative sociology is also underlined. Krzysztof Konecki

  7. Õigus õhtuti elusalt töölt koju jõuda püüti fotole / Agne Narusk

    Narusk, Agne, 1971-

    2011-01-01

    EU-OSHA üleeuroopalisest töötervishoiu ja -ohutuse teemalisest fotovõistlusest, mille võitis Krzysztof Maksymowicz (Poola) fotoga "Õmbleja". Noorteauhinna pälvis Pawel Ruda (Poola) tööga "Külm võileib"

  8. State of the a child labour

    Elvis Augusto Orozco Castillo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The present article is a result of the first phase of the investigation titled ‘The Magdalena needs happy children’, in which the state of the art that is going to be investigated about the population of the minors that study and work in the district of Santa Marta and the Magdalena is shown.

  9. Balones que inspiran

    Daniel Samper Pizano

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Unión Magdalena "el fervor de un pueblo". Varios Autores. Universidad del Magdalena, Santa Marta, 2004, 271 págs., il. Rey de corazones. El Medellín, una pasión crónica. Varios autores. Medellín, Pregón Ediciones, 2004, 162 págs.

  10. La literatura en la frontera lingüística : el caso de la escritora italo-suiza Fleur Jaeggy

    Soria Millán, María del Pilar

    2012-01-01

    "El verdadero milagro proustiano no es que una magdalena mojada en té tenga el mismo gusto que otra magdalena mojada en té y despierte el recuerdo; es, más bien, que esa segunda magdalena resucite con ella un cuarto, una casa, una ciudad entera, y que ese lugar antiguo pueda, por espacio de un segundo, conmover la solidez del lugar actual, forzar sus puertas y hacer vacilar sus muebles." [1] Genette aporta con estas palabras la idea principal de lo que en esta tesis se pretende analizar, ...

  11. Cine club

    Cine club

    2016-01-01

    Wednesday 30 November 2016 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Dekalog - 9 Directed by Krzysztof Kieslowski Poland, 1990, 60 minutes "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife". Roman, after discovering his impotence, urges his wife Hanka to take a lover. She reluctantly complies, and Roman, despite his earlier words, becomes obsessively jealous. Spying on her, he learns of her affair, and vows to kill himself - not knowing that Hanka was in fact breaking off the relationship... Dekalog - 10 Directed by Krzysztof Kieslowski Poland, 1990, 59 minutes "Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's goods" - especially not when it leads to the conclusion of this black comedy about two brothers who inherit their father's valuable stamp collection and end up paying rather more than they bargained for... Original version Polish; English subtitles Wednesday 7 December 2016 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Letters from Iwo Jima Directed by Clint Eastwood USA, 2006, 141 mi...

  12. Photos of the month

    Claudia Marcelloni de Oliveira

    View of the End Cap Calorimeter side A in the ATLAS cavern during the opening of the detector. View of the End Cap Calorimeter side A from within the center of the ATLAS detector. The Muon Drift Tube Big Wheel on side C is being mechanically assembled. Krzysztof Ciba and his Apple computer. The ATLAS e-news co-editor, Muriel, received a special medal last week for distinguished journalism for her Mu-Mews.

  13. Fried frailty phenotype assessment components as applied to geriatric inpatients

    Bieniek, Joanna; Wilczy?ski, Krzysztof; Szewieczek, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Joanna Bieniek, Krzysztof Wilczynski, Jan Szewieczek Department of Geriatrics, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland Background: Management of geriatric patients would be simplified if a universally accepted definition of frailty for clinical use was defined. Among definitions of frailty, Fried frailty phenotype criteria constitute a common reference frame for many geriatric studies. However, this reference frame has been tested primarily in ...

  14. The search for certainty: a critical assessment

    Robert, Christian P.

    2010-01-01

    The Search for Certainty was published in (Burzdy, 2009) by Krzysztof Burdzy. It examines the "philosophical duopoly" of von Mises and de Finetti at the foundation of probability and statistics and find this duopoly missing. This review exposes the weakness of the arguments presented in the book, it questions the relevance of introducing a new set of probability axioms from a methodological perspective, and it concludes with the lack of impact of this book on statistical founda...

  15. Transfundal puncture of a large ovarian cyst with hysteroscopic and ultrasonographic guidance

    Zolnierczyk, Piotr; Sawicki,Wlodzimierz; Cendrowski,Krzysztof

    2015-01-01

    Piotr Zolnierczyk, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Wlodzimierz Sawicki Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Oncology, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland Abstract: This paper describes the case of an 83-year-old patient with hypertension, diabetes, obesity (body mass index – 38), congestive heart failure, and history of cardiac surgery, who was referred for a diagnostic–therapeutic decompression of a large, symptomatic ovarian cyst. Due to ana...

  16. Genesis / Juta Kivimäe

    Kivimäe, Juta, 1952-

    2003-01-01

    Poola skulptori Magdalena Schmidt-G̤ra installatsioonid "Genesis I, II" rahvusraamatukogu fuajees ja peanäitusesaalis, kus oli samal ajal eksponeeritud eesti nahakunstnike Luule Maari ja Ruuda Maarandi köitenäitus

  17. Saaremaa / Raul Salumäe

    Salumäe, Raul

    2003-01-01

    Kuressaare linnuse keldrisaalis poola kunstniku Magdalena Schmidt-Gora näitus-installatsioon "Genesis I, II", 3. korruse väikeses saalis läti fotograafi Astra Tomsone fotonäitus "Loojang minu akna taga"

  18. Poola Nike 2007 / Hendrik Lindepuu

    Lindepuu, Hendrik

    2007-01-01

    Poola kirjanduspreemiast Nike, 2007. aasta laureaadist (Wieslav Mysliwski "Traktaat ubade puhastamisest"), 2007. aasta lugejapreemia laureaadist (Mariusz Szczygiel "Gottland") ja nominentitest (Jerzy Pilch "Minu esimene enesetapp", Magdalena Tull "Defekt", Maria Janion "Ebatavaline slaavilikkus", Tomasz Rozyck "Kolooniad", Marcin Swietlick "Sisemine muusika")

  19. FAMILY NEMESTRINIDAE.

    Kosmann, Cecília; Lamas, Carlos José Einicker

    2016-06-14

    Nemestrinidae (Diptera, Nemestrinoidea) are a relatively rare group of flies, and the knowledge on the Colombian fauna is still incipient. According to the available literature, only one species is recorded to this country, Hyrmophlaeba magdalena Bernardi, 1977.

  20. Department of Ecotourism and Wildlife Management, Federal ...

    USER

    2014-09-09

    Sep 9, 2014 ... development in Olumirin Waterfall Southwestern Nigeria. A field survey via .... waterfall is located. Source: Osun State Ministry of Land and Physical planning and Urban Development (2012) .... Magdalena, Mexico. Ocean & ...

  1. Cine club

    Cine club

    2016-01-01

    Wednesday 2 November 2016 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Dekalog - 1 Directed by Krzysztof Kieslowski Poland, 1989, 55 minutes "I am the Lord thy God; thou shalt have no other God but me." Ten-year-old Pawel and his father Krzysztof run their lives on their beloved home computer, while Pawel's aunt worries that his spiritual education is being neglected. But Pawel is too busy enjoying life, not least thanks to his father's Christmas present of a pair of ice skates, because the computer has calculated that the frozen lake is safe to skate across.... Dekalog - 2 Directed by Krzysztof Kieslowski Poland, 1990, 59 minutes "Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain". An elderly doctor is approached by a woman with a complicated request. Her husband is gravely ill and may die, and she is pregnant by someone else. If her husband dies, she wants to keep the child, but not otherwise, and she wants the doctor to give him an honest verdict on his chanc...

  2. Un modelo de lógica difusa y conjuntos difusos para el pronóstico de los niveles medios diarios del río Magdalena, en la estación limnigráfica de Puerto Salgar, Colombia

    John Alexander Segura Bolívar

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available El pronóstico de niveles diarios de ríos en Colombia se reporta oficialmente en términos lingüísticos. Este hecho inspiró un modelo basado en la teoría de conjuntos difusos, concepto proveniente de la inteligencia artificial. Un Sistema de Lógica Difusa (SLD permite analizar observaciones en el tiempo clasificándolas en categorías lingüísticas, aproximadas a la calificación empleada o a la manera en que una persona describiría el fenómeno. Usando juicios de expertos se estima el nivel del día siguiente. Para la calibración del modelo se implementó un algoritmo de optimización global denominado Símplex Descendente Multidimensional (SDM. / Forecasting of diary stages of rivers in Colombia is reported officially in linguistic terms. This fact inspired a model based on theory of fuzzy sets, concept coming from artificial intelligence. A Fuzzy Logic System (FLS allows to analyze observations in time classifying them in linguistic categories which are approximated either to the employed qualification, or to the way in that a person would describe the phenomenon. Taking into account experts' judgements the level of the following day is estimated. An algorithm of global optimization named Multidimensional Downhill Simplex was implemented in order to calibrate model parameters.

  3. Efectos de la temperatura de incubación en el periodo termosensitivo de determinación sexual y evaluación de morfometría geométrica como técnica de sexaje en la tortuga del río Magdalena

    Gómez Saldarriaga, Catalina

    2014-01-01

    El período termosensitivo (PTS) durante el cual se define el sexo en los embriones de los reptiles ha sido estudiado principalmente a temperaturas constantes, sin embargo los efectos de temperaturas variables antes y durante el PTS mismo han sido poco evaluados. Igualmente es necesario conocer el efecto que la temperatura de incubación tiene sobre el sexo y la forma, particularmente en reptiles amenazados de extinción cuyos huevos son incubados bajo condiciones artificiales. Este estudio eval...

  4. Creating Sister Cities: An Exchange Across Hemispheres

    Adams, M. T.; Cabezon, S. A.; Hardy, E.; Harrison, R. J.

    2008-06-01

    Sponsored by Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI) and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), this project creates a cultural and educational exchange program between communities in South and North America, linking San Pedro de Atacama in Chile and Magdalena, New Mexico in the United States. Both communities have similar demographics, are in relatively undeveloped regions of high-elevation desert, and are located near major international radio astronomy research facilities. The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) is just 40 km east of San Pedro; the Very Large Array (VLA) is just 40 km west of Magdalena. In February 2007, the Mayor of San Pedro and two teachers visited Magdalena for two weeks; in July 2007 three teachers from Magdalena will visit San Pedro. These visits enable the communities to lay the foundation for a permanent, unique partnership. The teachers are sharing expertise and teaching methodologies for physics and astronomy. In addition to creating science education opportunities, this project offers students linguistic and cultural connections. The town of San Pedro, Chile, hosts nearly 100,000 tourists per year, and English language skills are highly valued by local students. Through exchanges enabled by email and distance conferencing, San Pedro and Magdalena students will improve English and Spanish language skills while teaching each other about science and their respective cultures. This poster describes the AUI/NRAO Sister Cities program, including the challenges of cross-cultural communication and the rewards of interpersonal exchanges between continents and cultures.

  5. ERC rewards CERN researchers

    Rosaria Marraffino

    2015-01-01

    The European Research Council (ERC) has awarded starting grants to Magdalena Kowalska, a member of the ISOLDE physics team, and Claude Duhr, CERN Theory Division. The funding will enable them to build their own research teams at CERN, engaging postdocs and PhD students.   Magdalena Kowalska and Claude Duhr. The ERC fosters scientific excellence in Europe through competitive funding. Its grants are awarded to projects headed by researchers – both beginning-of-career and established – via an open, peer-reviewed competition. In December 2014, Magdalena Kowalska and Claude Duhr were awarded grants to pursue research in ultra-sensitive nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) in liquids and mathematical structures in scattering amplitudes, respectively. “Our research project aims to apply an ultra-sensitive NMR technique using radioisotopes to liquids in order to study the interaction of metal ions with biological molecules such as proteins, DNA or RNA,” says Mag...

  6. The theme revenge in the cinema: a literary philosophical approach

    Fábio José de Queiroz

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the focus is revenge, taking as a starting point two cinematographic works –Once upon a time in this article is revenge, taking as a starting point two cinematographic works­ once upon a time in West, by Sergio Leone, and also colors: White by Krzysztof Kieslowsk. Without the direct influence of a purely artistic appreciation of both movies, this is about a study of literary­ philosophical lineage by relying on classical seeks to provide an theoretical analyze of the theme, avoiding falling into an empiricist interpretation, trivial and shallow of the object.

  7. The european emergency number 112 - the questionnaire

    Goniewicz Krzysztof; Goniewicz Mariusz; Misztal Okońska Patrycja; Witold Pawłowski; Czerski Robert

    2017-01-01

    Goniewicz Krzysztof, Goniewicz Mariusz, Misztal Okońska Patrycja, Witold Pawłowski, Czerski Robert. The european emergency number 112 - the questionnaire. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2017;7(7):1165-1174. eISSN 2391-8306. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1117736 http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/5134 The journal has had 7 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. Part B item 1223 (26.01....

  8. 2nd conference on Continuous Media with Microstructure

    Kuczma, Mieczysław

    2016-01-01

    This book presents research advances in the field of Continuous Media with Microstructure and considers the three complementary pillars of mechanical sciences: theory, research and computational simulation. It focuses on the following problems: thermodynamic and mathematical modeling of materials with extensions of classical constitutive laws, single and multicomponent media including modern multifunctional materials, wave propagation, multiscale and multiphysics processes, phase transformations, and porous, granular and composite materials. The book presents the proceedings of the 2nd Conference on Continuous Media with Microstructure, which was held in 2015 in Łagów, Poland, in memory of Prof. Krzysztof Wilmański. .

  9. Journal personnel du festival d'Avignon / Ott Karulin

    Karulin, Ott, 1980-

    2007-01-01

    Avignoni teatrifestival 2007. Lavastustest: "Noor tüdruk pommiga" ("La jeune fille a la bombe"), lavastaja Christophe Fiat; "Dinozord: The Dialogue Series III", lavastaja Faustin Linyekula; Paul Claudeli "L'Echange" ("Vahetus"), lavastaja Julie Brochen; "Hey girl!" ("Hei, tüdruk!"), lavastaja Romeo Castellucci; "Machine sans cible'it" ("Sihita masin"), lavastaja Gildas Milin; Tony Kushneri "Inglid Ameerikas" I ja II, lavastaja Krzysztof Warlikowski; tantsuetendus "36, Avenue Georges Mandel", lavastaja Raimund Hoghe; Rene Chari "Feuillets d'Hypnos" ("Hypnose lehed"), lavastaja Frederic Fisbach; Ivan Võrõpajevi ja Antonina Velikanova "Genees nr 2", lavastaja Galin Stojev

  10. The Well-Being of Service Members and Veterans in the Light of Life-Quality Surveys in Poland

    2011-04-01

    04-141 Warszawa POLAND E-mail: ilnickis@wim.mil.pl hdziewulski@gmail.com ABSTRACT The paper refers to the vast field of human effectiveness...ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Military Medical Institute, Department of Psychiatry and Combat Stress ul.Szaserów 128 04-141 Warszawa POLAND...REFERENCES [1] Krzysztof Zagórski, Jak się nam żyje?, Raport z badań Centrum Badania Opinii Społecznej – CBOS, Warszawa 2008. [2] System of

  11. Evaluación de procedencias de Pinus greggii Engelm. ex Parl. en plantaciones de la Mixteca Oaxaqueña

    Velasco-Velasco, Vicente Arturo; Enríquez-del Valle, José Raymundo; Rodríguez-Ortiz, Gerardo; Campos-Ángeles, Gisela Virginia; Gómez-Cárdenas, Martín; García-García, María Luisa

    2012-01-01

    Se evaluaron 13 procedencias de Pinus greggii en dos plantaciones de siete años de edad establecidas en 1997 en Tlacotepec Plumas y Magdalena Zahuatlán en la Mixteca de Oaxaca. El diseño experimental fue de bloques completos aleatorios con arreglo factorial 2 x 13 (localidades por procedencias). La unidad experimental constó de nueve individuos y se tuvieron 12 repeticiones. Los árboles de las 13 procedencias ubicados en Tlacotepec Plumas y Magdalena Zahuatlán tuvieron en promedio 4.7 y 3.7 m...

  12. Proměna české kuchyně z dob Magdaleny Dobromily Rettigové po současné trendy zdravého životního stylu

    Málková, Simona

    2018-01-01

    The thesis focuses on the topic of changing eating habits from the time of Magdalena Dobromila Rettigová to contemporary trends of healthy lifestyle. It is a gradual development of eating from the late 18th century to the present. In the thereoretic part there is a discription of the contrast of the Czech writer's life and a present-day lifestyle. We can find a chapter about a life of Magdalena Dobromila Rettigová, background information leading up to, writing the cook book "Cooking at home",...

  13. Processing and characterization of screen printing Ba 0.5 Sr 0.5 Co ...

    Author Affiliations. MAGDALENA GROMADA1 DAVIDE GARDINI2 PIETRO GALIZIA2 CARMEN GALASSI1. Institute of Power Engineering Ceramic Department CEREL, Research Institute, 1 Techniczna St., 36-040 Boguchwała, Poland; National Research Council (CNR)—Institute of Science and Technology for Ceramics ...

  14. Geology of a Stable Intraplate Region: The Cape Verde/Canary Basin,

    1982-03-01

    other limited area. The National Geophysical and areas, sounding tracks are sufficiently Solar -Terrestrial Data Center (NGSDC) dense to permit...Scientists. New York. McGraw-Hill, 471 p. Ball. M.M. (1969). Discussion Diapers of Magdalena Delta. Bull. Am. Assn. Petrol. Burke, K. and J.T. Wilson (1972

  15. Environmental Education and the Bogotá River: An Intervention to Be Carried out in Cundinamarca (Colombia)

    Jefferson, Galeano Martínez; Ciro, Parra Moreno; Méndez Sánchez, Maria Andrea

    2017-01-01

    The Bogotá River is one of the most contaminated bodies of water in Colombia and in the world. It originates in Guacheneque Páramo (Villapinzón, Cundinamarca) in the centre of the country and runs 336 kilometres before joining the Magdalena River. Along its course, the river receives the sewage of approximately 20.9% of Columbia's population. The…

  16. NEW DEPARTMENTAL RECORDS OF DIGITONTHOPHAGUS GAZELLA (COLEOPTERA: SCARABAEIDAE IN COLOMBIA

    Jorge Ari Noriega

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The introduced dung beetle Digitonthophagus gazella was reported for the Caribbean Region of Colombia in the 90’s. During a survey carried out along the Magdalena River new records of the presence of this species were found in the departments of Boyacá, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Santander and Tolima for the first time.

  17. Pilk kahe keelemehe pikale kirjavahetusele / Paul Alvre

    Alvre, Paul

    2004-01-01

    Arvustus: Baudouin de Courtenay, Jan. Briefwechsel zwischen Jan Baudouin de Courtenay und Jooseppi J. Mikkola aus den Jahren 1898-1926 = Jan Baudouin de Courtenay i Jooseppi J. Mikkola korespondencja z lat 1898-1926 / herausgegeben von Raimo Pullat in Zusammenarbeit mit Magdalena Smoczynska. Krak̤w : Polska Akademia Umiejetnosci, 2004. (Studia i materialy do dziej̤w Polskiej Akademii Umiejetnosci ; 4)

  18. State of the soft bottoms of the continental shelf

    Guzman Alvis, Angela I; Solano, Oscar David

    2002-01-01

    The presented information, it is based on studies carried out on the continental shelf of the Colombian Caribbean, mainly in the Gulf of Morrosquillo and the Magdalena and Guajira departments in the last ten years. A diagnostic is done of the soft bottoms of the Colombian continental shelf

  19. Invasive American bullfrogs and African clawed frogs in South America

    Barbosa, Fabiana G.; Both, Camila; Bastos, Miguel

    2017-01-01

    .5% of the protected areas within the Atlantic Forest may be most at risk of invasion by L. catesbeianus and X. laevis under current climate conditions, followed by areas in the Cerrado (51.7), Tropical Andes (37.6%), Tumbes-Choco-Magdalena (22.5%), and Chilean Winter Rainfall and Valdivian Forests (20...

  20. New departmental records for Digitonthophagus gazella (Coleoptera: scarabaeidae) in Colombia

    Noriega, Jorge Ari; Moreno, Juliana; Otavo, Samuel; Castano, Eduardo

    2012-01-01

    The introduced dung beetle Digitonthophagus Gazella was reported for the Caribbean Region of Colombia in the 90's. During a survey carried out along the Magdalena River, new records of the presence of this species were found in the departments of Boyaca, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Santander and Tolima for the first time.

  1. Bagatellid : maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2008-01-01

    Akadeemik Jarvis väidab, et osade Bachi teoste autoriks on hoopis helilooja naine Anna Magdalena. Pianist Andras Schiff pälvis Wigmore'i medali. Lahkus tenor Gianni Raimondi. Louvre ja tänapäevane muusikaelu. Uus esiviiul Juliardi keelpillikvartetis

  2. Läänemeresoome keelte õppetoolis : soome keele olümpiaad Agricola päeval / Maris Amon

    Amon, Maris

    2000-01-01

    7. aprillil Agricola päeva tähistava soome keele olümpiaadi korraldusega on Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikoolist seotud professor Jaan Õispuu žürii koosseisus, olümpiaadi ülesandeid koostavad õppejõud Maria-Magdalena Jürvetson ja Tarja Tanttu

  3. Cerambycidae (Coleoptera da Colômbia. V. Lamiinae com unhas tarsais divergentes Cerambycidae (Coleoptera of Colombia. V. Lamiinae with divergent tarsal claws

    Maria Helena M. Galileo

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available New species described from Colombia: Amphicnaeia interrupta sp. nov., from Cauca; Adetus tayronus sp. nov., from Magdalena; A. aberrans sp. nov., from Santander; Parmenonta albosticta sp. nov., from Cundinamarca; Jamesia bella sp. nov., from Cauca. New records for nine species of Colombian Lamiinae (Apomecynini, Agapanthiini, Onciderini are given.

  4. Some Remarks on my Composition Technique

    Knittel Krzysztof

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Krzysztof Knittel’s text about his own composition techniques, also looking at such topics as: the influence of painting on his music (e.g. the works of Piet Mondrian and Paul Klee; truth in the musical work; the application of recycling ad re-use techniques to the form of the musical work; methods of constructing the sound of the composition; links between music and historical events; rollage - a technique borrowed from the painter Jiří Kolář for the needs of St. Matthew Passion; sound installations created by Knittel with sounds of nature and civilisation; Theodor Lipps’ theory of empathy (Einfuhlung, as well as intuitive and improvised music.

  5. The human heat balance in the city of Novi Sad (Serbia

    Krajić Aleksandar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This analysis is based on the human heat balance according to the bioclimatic man-environment heat exchange model created by Krzysztof Błażejczyk. The final result of the human heat balance model points to biothermal weather situations for the outdoor recreational needs. In this analysis, middles daily meteorological data (of climatological station of Novi Sad were used for two extreme months, January and July. In this work, it is analyzed two periods, the first is for 1992-2010. and the second is for year 2010. The aim is to show how weather can be evaluated for recreational needs which the health resource of Novi Sad and to point out the shortcomings when it comes to multi-year analysis. The objective of this article has been to present a bioclimatic analysis of city Novi Sad and how weather variables come together in order to give a climate meaning on human organism.

  6. From ‘ethics of the eye’ to ‘ethics of the hand’ by collaborative prototyping

    Christiansen, Ellen Tove

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The aim of this paper is to answer the question: how can judgment about good and bad behavior of a device or service under development be included in the development process? Design/methodology/approach – By distinguishing between detached good/bad judgment, called “ethics of the eye......”, and judgment about good and bad behavior embedded in doing and dialogue, called “ethics of the hand”, two examples of designer judgment are examined, one embedded and one detached. The outcome is explained by means of an application of Ricoeur's hermeneutics, where he shows how narration comprises pre......-figuration, con-figuration and re-figuration. An examination of collaborative prototyping in Krzysztof Wodiczko's work on building a vehicle together with homeless people in Manhattan, New York, is contrasted with an example of the detached evaluation of use in Joseph Weizenbaum's account for use of his computer...

  7. El ambiente marino costero de la Región La Libertad 2010

    Rebaza Castillo, Víctor; Tresierra, Alvaro; Alfaro Mudarra, Santos; Vásquez Ruiz, Cinthia

    2013-01-01

    Entre el 26 abril y 10 mayo 2010, se efectuó la evaluación del ambiente costero de la región La Libertad, determinándose que Huanchaco, Salaverry y Magdalena de Cao tienen el más alto grado de contaminación marina. Salaverry y Magdalena de Cao presentan los valores más bajos de diversidad bentónica y de volumen de plancton. Las variables oceanográficas primarias se debieron a procesos de surgencia recientes. La concentración de sólidos suspendidos totales de Chérrepe cumplió con los Estándare...

  8. ISOLDE’s rarest isotopes

    Katarina Anthony

    2013-01-01

    The ISOLDE physics section (PH-SME-IS) has recently observed an unusual transformation… one that may well be a sign of things to come for CERN.   The ISOLDE PH team, from left to right: Jennifer Weterings (user support), Susanne Kreim (research fellow), Marek Pfützner* (scientific associate), Maria Garcia Borge (team leader), Elisa Rapisarda (research fellow) , Magdalena Kowalska (physics coordinator), Jan Kurcewicz* (applied fellow), Monika Stachura (future applied fellow). Not in the photo: Kara Lynch (PhD student). Although more and more women are going into the physical sciences, it’s no secret that it remains a male-dominated field. But over the past six months, the ISOLDE PH section has become an exception to this rule: with female physicists outnumbering their male colleagues 3 to 1. “We’re probably one of the few teams at CERN where the personnel is mostly female,” says Magdalena Kowalska, the ISOLDE Physics Coordinator. &am...

  9. Microorganisms in Soils of Bovine Production Systems in Tropical Lowlands and Tropical Highlands in the Department of Antioquia, Colombia

    Molina-Guzmán, Licet Paola; Henao-Jaramillo, Paula Andrea; Gutiérrez-Builes, Lina Andrea; Ríos-Osorio, Leonardo Alberto

    2018-01-01

    Studies on the physical and chemical effects of extensive grazing on soils have been performed in Colombia, but the effects of dairy cattle rearing on the biological properties of soils are not well known. The objective of this study was to evaluate microorganisms in 48 soils from livestock farms in the highland and lowland tropics in the Northern and Magdalena Medio subregions of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia). Principal component analysis demonstrated differences in the edaphic comp...

  10. POW/MIA Issues. Volume 2. World War II and the Early Cold War

    1994-01-01

    Norman Edward Caterer, U.S. citizen, born 1920, imprisoned March 27, 1943, detained in Lamsdorf 8b. 2. Lorius Cawcause, U.S. citizen, born 1920, unable...March 29, 1948 27. Magdalena Wormittag #C-86, March 7, 1949 28. Hilda Elizabeta Wagner Letter to Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Vyshinsky, March...another winter. Verdine was held in Weimar from the time of his arrest until 1952 then was moved to Lichtenberg prison Berlin. They were separated after

  11. Snake population venomics and antivenomics of Bothrops atrox: Paedomorphism along its transamazonian dispersal and implications of geographic venom variability on snakebite management

    Calvete, Juan J.; Sanz, Libia; Pérez, Alicia; Borges, Adolfo; Vargas, Alba M.; Lomonte, Bruno; Angulo, Yamileth; Gutiérrez, José María; Chalkidis, Hipócrates M.; Mourão, Rosa H.V.; Furtado, María de Fátima; Moura Da Silva, Ana M.

    2011-01-01

    We describe two geographically differentiated venom phenotypes across the wide distribution range of Bothrops atrox, from the Colombian Magdalena Medio Valley through Puerto Ayacucho and El Paují, in the Venezuelan States of Amazonas and Orinoquia, respectively, and São Bento in the Brazilian State of Maranhão. Colombian and Venezuelan venoms show an ontogenetic toxin profile phenotype whereas Brazilian venoms exhibit paedomorphic phenotypes. Venoms from each of the 16 localities sampled cont...

  12. Rembrandt Kadrioru lossis / Jüri Hain

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2000-01-01

    Kadrioru lossi kuppelsaali tundmatu meistri laemaali maalimise ajalugu. Maali aluseks on Rembrandti maal "Diana suplus". Laemaal on maalitud Magdalena de Passe (1600-1638) vasegravüüri põhjal, mis on tehtud Rembrandti maalist. Rembrandt on lähtunud Antonio Tempesta (1555-1630) kahest gravüürist, viimane on lähtunud Otto van Veeni (1556-1629) maalist

  13. The impact on quality of life of dialysis patients with renal insufficiency

    Dąbrowska-Bender M; Dykowska G; Żuk W; Milewska M; Staniszewska A

    2018-01-01

    Marta Dąbrowska-Bender,1 Grażyna Dykowska,2 Wioletta Żuk,3 Magdalena Milewska,1 Anna Staniszewska4 1Department of Clinical Dietetics, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland; 2Department of Public Health, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland; 3Department of Surgery, Transplantation and Extracorporeal Surgery, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland; 4Department of Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland Aim: The aim of the st...

  14. Distribución de los vectores de Leishmania infantum (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae en Colombia

    Camila González

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. Debido a la importancia que tiene la vigilancia entomológica como principalmedida de control en el manejo de la leishmaniasis visceral, es necesario contar con informaciónactualizada acerca de la distribución y ecología de los insectos involucrados en la transmisiónpara optimizar las estrategias de prevención. Objetivo. Presentar la distribución actualizada geo-referenciada de L. longipalpis y L. evansi,vectores de los parásitos que causan leishmaniasis visceral en Colombia, teniendo en cuentala asociación de los insectos con su hábitat. Materiales y métodos. Los registros de distribución se obtuvieron a partir de los ejemplaresrecolectados en Colombia desde 1967. La información obtenida se organizó en una base dedatos a partir de la cual se tomaron las localidades que, posteriormente, fueron sometidas aanálisis geográficos por medio de Arc View que se utilizaron para realizar los mapas dedistribución. Resultados. Para L. longipalpis se obtuvieron 40 localidades todas distribuidas a lo largo delvalle del río Magdalena: Alto (24, Medio (11 y Bajo (5 Magdalena. L. evansi fue registradoen 19 localidades también ubicadas en el mismo valle: cinco en el Magdalena Medio y 14 elMagdalena Bajo. Conclusiones. Ambas especies demostraron una consistente asociación con regionesclasificadas principalmente como bosque seco tropical según las zonas de vida de Holdridgelo que confirma el riesgo epidemiológico de leishmaniasis visceral en estas áreas.Palabras clave: Psychodidae, leishmaniasis visceral, Colombia.

  15. Manejo Clínico del Oso Palmero (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) bajo Condiciones de Cautiverio en el Bioparque Los Ocarros

    Dora Adriana Lombo-Rodríguez

    2008-01-01

    El oso palmero (Myrmecophaga tridactyla. Linnaeus, 1758) es la única especie del género Myrmecophaga. Este mamífero se clasifica dentro del Infraorden: VERMILINGUA, Orden: XENARTHRA. Puede encontrarse en sabanas, pastizales, áreas inundadas y bosques húmedos. Geográficamente se encuentra al Norte desde Costa Rica hasta el Norte de Argentina. En Colombia en los Departamentos de Chocó, Magdalena, Orinoco, Amazonas y los Llanos Orientales....

  16. Status sistematico del género geobatrachus ruthven 1915 (amphibia: anura)

    Ardila Robayo, María Cristina

    2012-01-01

    The different familial assignations proposed until now for Geobatracbus are compiled. Through the collection of a virtual topotypical series of this monotypic genus, which is endemic of the NW section of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta Massif (Departamento del Magdalena, Colombia), a detailed description was made.  67 morphological characters were selected according to the criteria used by Lynch and Heyer in their studies on the philogeny and classification of the leptodactylid frogs, and su...

  17. Interannual hydroclimatic variability and the 2009-2011 extreme ENSO phases in Colombia: from Andean glaciers to Caribbean lowlands

    Bedoya-Soto, Juan Mauricio; Poveda, Germán; Trenberth, Kevin E.; Vélez-Upegui, Jorge Julián

    2018-03-01

    During 2009-2011, Colombia experienced extreme hydroclimatic events associated with the extreme phases of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Here, we study the dynamics of diverse land-atmosphere phenomena involved in such anomalous events at continental, regional, and local scales. Standardized anomalies of precipitation, 2-m temperature, total column water (TCW), volumetric soil water (VSW), temperature at 925 hPa, surface sensible heat (SSH), latent heat (SLH), evaporation (EVP), and liquid water equivalent thickness (LWET) are analyzed to assess atmosphere-land controls and relationships over tropical South America (TropSA) during 1986-2013 (long term) and 2009-2011 (ENSO extreme phases). An assessment of the interannual covariability between precipitation and 2-m temperature is performed using singular value decomposition (SVD) to identify the dominant spatiotemporal modes of hydroclimatic variability over the region's largest river basins (Amazon, Orinoco, Tocantins, Magdalena-Cauca, and Essequibo). ENSO, its evolution in time, and strong and consistent spatial structures emerge as the dominant mode of variability. In situ anomalies during both extreme phases of ENSO 2009-2011 over the Magdalena-Cauca River basins are linked at the continental scale. The ENSO-driven hydroclimatic effects extend from the diurnal cycle to interannual timescales, as reflected in temperature data from tropical glaciers and the rain-snow boundary in the highest peaks of the Central Andes of Colombia to river levels along the Caribbean lowlands of the Magdalena-Cauca River basin.

  18. Aves ocasionales en la Sabana de Bogotá

    Borrero José Ignacio

    1946-08-01

    Full Text Available La altiplanicie andina conocida con el nombre de Sabana de Bogotá, situada en la llamada "tierra fría" de los Andes Orientales de Colombia, a 2600 metros sobre el nivel del mar y con temperatura media de 13o C., esta bordeada en todo su derredor por montañas cuya altura en ningún sitio se eleva a menos de 2700 metros y esto solamente en el lado occidental, hacia el valle del Magdalena. Sin embargo, es visitada con alguna frecuencia por aves propias de pisos climáticos más cálidos y aun del llamado "Tropical" o "tierra caliente". Por lo que se ha podido averiguar, las aves visitantes observadas hasta ahora proceden de las vertientes occidentales y del valle del Magdalena; ninguna, con la única posible excepción de Elanoides forticatus yetapa, viene de las faldas orientales que descienden hasta los llanos del Meta pues hacia este lado de la Sabana se hallan las montañas más altas, cuya mayor depresión -la de Chipaque- es de 3150 metros en el sitio por donde pasa la carretera de Bogotá a Villavicencio. Parece por lo tanto que este ramal de la cordillera constituye una barrera infranqueable para las aves que habitan en el oriente de Cundinamarca, mientras que el ramal occidental, de menor altura, no lo es para las que habitan en las vertientes que conducen al Magdalena.

  19. Two new trans-Andean species of Imparfinis Eigenmann & Norris, 1900 (Siluriformes: Heptapteridae from Colombia

    Armando Ortega-Lara

    Full Text Available Two new species of Imparfinis are described from the trans-Andean region of Colombia. Imparfinis timana is diagnosed by having longer anal fin base (12.4-15.5% in SL, in combination with long adipose fin (24.6-31.3% in SL, 5-6 gill rakers on the first ceratobranchial, 42-43 vertebrae and additional measurements. Imparfinis usmai is distinguished by the combination of first ray of dorsal fin longest, but not projected as a long filament, long adipose fin (21.1-27.0% in SL, maxillary barbel exceeding pelvic-fin base, 39-40 vertebrae, upper caudal-fin lobe pointed and longer than lower lobe, lower lobe rounded, 7-8 gill rakers on the first ceratobranchial, as well as additional measurements. Imparfinis timana is only known from río Guarapas, a small tributary of the upper course of the río Magdalena. Imparfinis usmai is broadly distributed in the upper basin of ríos Cauca and Magdalena, and in the lower Patía river basin. The restricted distribution of I. nemacheir to trans-Andean drainages (Atrato, Magdalena, and Lago de Maracaibo is also discussed.

  20. Mercury in the gold mining district of San Martin de Loba, South of Bolivar (Colombia).

    Olivero-Verbel, Jesus; Caballero-Gallardo, Karina; Turizo-Tapia, Alexi

    2015-04-01

    Gold mining is responsible for most Hg pollution in developing countries. The aims of this study were to assess the levels of total Hg (T-Hg) in human hair, fish, water, macrophyte, and sediment samples in the gold mining district of San Martin de Loba, Colombia, as well as to determine fish consumption-based risks for T-Hg ingestion. T-Hg levels were measured by electrothermal atomization and atomic absorption spectroscopy. The overall mean T-Hg level in hair for humans in the mining district of San Martin de Loba was 2.12 μg/g, whereas for the reference site, Chimichagua, Cesar, it was 0.58 μg/g. Mean T-Hg levels were not different when considered within localities belonging to the mining district but differed when the comparison included Chimichagua. T-Hg levels in examined locations were weakly but significantly associated with age and height, as well as with fish consumption, except in San Martin de Loba. High T-Hg concentrations in fish were detected in Pseudoplatystoma magdaleniatum, Caquetaia kraussii, Ageneiosus pardalis, Cyrtocharax magdalenae, and Triportheus magdalenae, whereas the lowest appeared in Prochilodus magdalenae and Hemiancistrus wilsoni. In terms of Hg exposure due to fish consumption, only these last two species offer some guarantee of low risk for Hg-related health problems. Water, floating macrophytes, and sediments from effluents near mining sites also had high Hg values. In mines of San Martin de Loba and Hatillo de Loba, for instance, the geoaccumulation index (I(geo)) for sediments reached values greater than 6, indicating extreme pollution. In short, these data support the presence of a high Hg-polluted environment in this mining district, with direct risk for deleterious effects on the health of the mining communities.

  1. EFECTO DE TILAPIA Oreochromis niloticus SOBRE LA PRODUCCIÓN PESQUERA DEL EMBALSE EL GUÁJARO ATLÁNTICO - COLOMBIA

    Pedro Caraballo G, M.Sc.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Evaluar el efecto de tilapia Oreochromis niloticus sobre la producción pesquera en el embalse de El Guájaro, departamento del Atlántico, Colombia. Materiales y métodos. El embalse tiene un área aproximada de 14.000 ha y allí pescan diariamente 2.500 pescadores provenientes de ocho municipios que rodean el ecosistema. Por medio de evaluaciones mensuales del desembarco durante 48 horas en todos los puertos, fue evaluada la composición y abundancia de las capturas en 1988 y 2002. Los resultados de la evaluación hecha en 2002 fueron comparados con los obtenidos en 1988. Resultados. 38 especies de peces, perteneciendo a 14 familias fueron identificadas. Sólo las dos especies que dominan las capturas, presentaron una variación en su participación global. La producción durante 2002 fue de 431 ton/mes, superior a las 84 ton/mes evaluadas en el año 1988. Durante 2002, las capturas fueron dominadas por tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (53% y arenca Triportheus magdalenae (36% lo que representa una variación en la composición de las capturas que, durante 1988 fueron respectivamente de 13% y 73%. Esta variación no afectó la proporción de herbívoros y carnívoros que se mantuvo en 90-10%. Conclusiones. La variación en la composición y abundancia de la producción total implica el desplazamiento de una especie nativa (Triportheus magdalenae por una exótica (Oreochromis niloticus, hecho que viene siendo observado en toda la cuenca del Magdalena en esta década.

  2. Construcción y deconstrucción territorial del Caribe Colombiano durante el siglo XIX

    Domínguez, Camilo; Chaparro Mendivelso, Jeffer; Gómez, Carla

    2007-01-01

    El proceso de estructuración territorial del Caribe Granadino durante el siglo XIX, específicamente de 1810 a 1886, se aborda desde una perspectiva geohistórica y geopolítica. Se parte de la base ambiental de la región, para luego abordar la evolución de los límites administrativos mediante reconstrucciones cartográficas basadas en mapas históricos. El proceso de cambio abarcó los antiguos estados de Magdalena y Bolívar (incluyendo las islas de San Andrés y Providencia), la costa caribe de Pa...

  3. ?Strange Attractors (chaos) in the hydro-climatology of Colombia?

    Poveda Jaramillo, German

    1997-01-01

    Inter annual hydro-climatology of Colombia is strongly influenced by extreme phases of ENSO, a phenomenon exhibiting many features of chaotic non-linear system. The possible chaotic nature of Colombian hydrology is examined by using time series of monthly precipitation at Bogota (1866-1992) and Medellin (1908-1995), and average stream flows of the Magdalena River at Puerto Berrio. The power spectrum, the Haussdorf-Besikovich (fractal) dimension, the correlation dimension, and the largest Lyapunov exponent are estimated for the time series. Ideas of hydrologic forecasting and predictability are discussed in the context of nonlinear dynamical systems exhibit chaotic behavior

  4. Lista comentada de las plantas vasculares del enclave seco interandino de la tatacoa (huila, colombia)

    FIGUEROA-C., YISELA; GALEANO, GLORIA

    2012-01-01

    Se presenta el inventario florístico del enclave seco interandino de La Tatacoa (vallede la parte alta del río Magdalena, Huila, Colombia). Se encontraron 223 especies,distribuidas en 170 géneros y 60 familias. A nivel florístico, la familia Leguminosaees la más diversificada con 36 especies y 28 géneros, seguida por Poaceae (20/15),Euphorbiaceae (13/6), Asteraceae (10/10) y Cactaceae (8/7). El hábito de crecimientopredominante en términos de riqueza de especies fue el de las hierbas, seguido...

  5. What is Soft Computing? Bridging Gaps for 21st Century Science!

    Rudolf Seising

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This contribution serves historical and philosophical reflecting cognitions on the role of Soft Computing in the 21st century. Referring to Magdalena's article in this issue, this paper considers the aspects of mixtures of techniques, the opposite pair qHard Computingq and qSoft Computingq, and Computational Intelligence. From the historical perspective the paper goes back to three articles by Warren Weaver that appeared after World War II. A concentrated study of these papers helps to understand that Soft Computing will be able to play a key role in the future development of science and technology.

  6. Soil moisture retention and mass movement of volcanic soils from the “Sabinas” sector in Caldas, Colombia

    William Chavarriaga Montoya; Josè Gabriel Cruz Cerón; Johan Cuervo Correa

    2017-01-01

    The mass movement of soils, are soil, rocks displacements or both, caused by soil water excesses in terrains due to gravity effects and other factors. The aim of this research was to quantify the moisture retention capacity of volcanic soils as a threat indicator in the mass removal phenomena. This research was carried out on soils of the Malteria - Las Margaritas road transept to Magdalena river, right bank of the Chinchiná river in the Department of Caldas, Colombia. Through soil sample des...

  7. Cerambycidae (Coleoptera da Colômbia: IV. Cerambycinae com olhos grosseiramente granulados Cerambycidae (Coleoptera from Colômbia: IV. Cerambycinae with coarsely granulated eyes

    Ubirajara R. Martins

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available New records for Colombian Cerambycidae - Achrysonini: Achryson immaculipenne Gounelle, 1909, A. lineolatum Erichson, 1847, A. quadrimaculatum (Fabricius, 1792; Ectenessini: Ectenessa lurida Martins, 1973; Cerambycini: Jupoata rufipennnis (Gory, 1831, Poeciloxestia carlyslei Fragoso, 1978, P. paraensis Lane, 1965; Elaphidionini: Ambonus electus (Gahan & Arrow, 1903, Paramallocera cribripennis (Bates, 1885, Periboeum pubescens (Olivier, 1790, Stizocera plicicollis (Germar, 1824, S. poeyi (Guérin-Méneville, 1838, Pantonyssus glabricollis Fuchs, 1961; Piezocerini: Haruspex lineolatus Bates, 1870; Eligmodermini: Eligmoderma spinicolle Aurivillius, 1923, E. ziczac Nonfried, 1895. New species described: Pantonyssus suturale sp. nov. (Santander; Anelaphus colombianus sp. nov. (Santander; A. sparsus sp. nov. (Magdalena.

  8. COMPETENCIA MATEMÁTICA EN NIÑOS EN EDAD PREESCOLAR - MATH COMPETENCY IN PRE-SCHOOL AGE CHILDREN

    MYRIAM ESTHER ORTIZ PADILLA

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This study identifies the characteristics of Mathematical competency in pre-school age children in the Magdalena region. The population was represented by 101 children, to whom the Basic Mathematics Competency Test, Item 3, in its Spanish version, was administered. Quantitative methodology was used, from an empirical and analytical approach and a cross-sectional design was implemented. The results indicate that 31% of children evaluated obtaineda Mathematics Competency Global Index average, with 57% for descriptors: below averageand 22% above average. The private institutions placed a higher percentage of students aboveaverage. The sex and age variable does not provide significant differences.

  9. Geografía médica, bacteriología y el caso de las fiebres en Colombia en el siglo XIX

    Mónica García

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the relation between bacteriology and medical geography in the 19th century in Colombia, following the case of fevers. Through this, it explains how historiography has approached the relation between bacteriology and medical geography, and analyzes said relation in the medical research pertaining to yellow fever, fevers of the Magdalena River, and malaria in the 1880s. Finally, it shows that, instead of passively incorporating bacteriology, the physicians fought to combine it with medical geography, incorporating elements of both approaches, keeping them in tense separation, or rejecting one in favor of the other.

  10. Efecto de la manipulación del semen criopreservado de bovinos Bos Taurus sobre la integridad espermática

    Norberto Villa-Duque; Claudia Marcela Amaya-Torres; Darwin García-Rojas; Natalia Nieto-Omeara; Natalia Terán-Acuña

    2016-01-01

    En el estudio se evaluó el efecto de descongelar y aplicar semen de bovinos Bos Taurus en 33 ganaderías del Magdalena Medio colombiano, y se estudió in vitro el efecto de la injuria encontrada sobre la integridad de las membranas espermáticas. La información en fincas se recopiló mediante formulario específico, mientras que el estudio in vitro se ejecutó en el laboratorio de Biotecnología Reproductiva Animal del Instituto Universitario de la Paz (Barrancabermeja, Santander). El estudio consis...

  11. Raport z badania 2016. Specjalne Strefy Ekonomiczne w Polsce w oczach przedsiębiorców i pracowników samorządów

    Pastusiak, Radosław; Jasiniak, Magdalena; Keller, Jakub; Krzeczewski, Bartłomiej

    2016-01-01

    Niniejszy raport prezentuje wyniki projektu realizowanego w ramach projektu badawczego nr UMO-2013/09/B/HS4/, pt. Efektywność Specjalnych Stref Ekonomicznych, przez zespół Katedry Finansów Korporacji, Wydział Ekonomiczno-Socjologiczny Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, pod kierownictwem dr hab. Radosława Pastusiaka, prof. nadzw. UŁ. w składzie: dr Magdalena Jasiniak, mgr Jakub Keller, mgr Bartłomiej Krzeczewski. Zasadniczym celem badania było określenie efektywności funkcjonowania Specjalnych Stref Ekon...

  12. Aproximación de un modelo didáctico para la creación de objetos virtuales de aprendizaje

    Arango Vásquez, Sandra Isabel; Universidad de Medellín; Vásquez Lopera, Claudia Patricia; Universidad de Medellín; Salazar Ceballos, Alexander; Universidad del Magdalena; Álvarez-Miño, Lídice; Universidad del Magdalena

    2013-01-01

    Este artículo muestra los hallazgos iniciales del proyecto “Modelo didáctico para la creación de objetos virtuales de aprendizaje soportado en una red académica de alta velocidad”. La Universidad de Medellín y la Universidad del Magdalena presentan una aproximación a este modelo teniendo en cuenta la conceptualización de los enfoques pedagógicos, los modelos pedagógicos y los modelos didácticos. Esta investigación de corte cualitativo con enfoque hermenéutico obtuvo como resultados iniciales ...

  13. Cavernous hemangioma of the knee - case report

    Weiss, Marcin; Dolata, Tomasz; Weiss, Waldemar; Maksymiak, Martyna; Kałużny, Krystian; Kałużna, Anna; Zukow, Walery; Hagner Derengowska, Magdalena

    2018-01-01

    Weiss Marcin, Dolata Tomasz, Weiss Waldemar, Maksymiak Martyna, Kałużny Krystian, Kałużna Anna, Zukow Walery, Hagner‑Derengowska Magdalena. Cavernous hemangioma of the knee - case report. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2018;8(4):318-325. eISNN 2391-8306. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1226645 http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/5438 The journal has had 7 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evalu...

  14. Treatment of intraarticular displaced fractures of the calcaneus bone using nail blocked calcanail

    Weiss, Marcin; Dolata, Tomasz; Weiss, Waldemar; Maksymiak, Martyna; Kałużny, Krystian; Kałużna, Anna; Zukow, Walery; Hagner‑Derengowska, Magdalena

    2018-01-01

    Weiss Marcin, Dolata Tomasz, Weiss Waldemar, Maksymiak Martyna, Kałużny Krystian, Kałużna Anna, Zukow Walery, Hagner‑Derengowska Magdalena. Treatment of intraarticular displaced fractures of the calcaneus bone using nail blocked calcanail. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2018;8(4):338-345. eISNN 2391-8306. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1226782 http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/5439 https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/sedno-webapp/works/863609 ...

  15. Effects of Nordic Walking and Pilates training programs on aminotransferase activity in overweight and obese elderly women

    Magdalena Hagner-Derengowska; Krystian Kałużny; Jacek Budzyński

    2015-01-01

    Hagner-Derengowska Magdalena, Kałużny Krystian, Budzyński Jacek. Effects of Nordic Walking and Pilates training programs on aminotransferase activity in overweight and obese elderly women. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2015;5(12):563-580. eISSN 2391-8306. DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.44249 http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/2015%3B5%2812%29%3A563-580 http://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/works/687148 Formerly Journal of Health Sciences. ISSN 1429-9623 / 2300-665X...

  16. Effects of Nordic Walking and Pilates training programs on aminotransferase activity in overweight and obese elderly women

    Hagner-Derengowska, Magdalena; Kałużny, Krystian; Budzyński, Jacek

    2015-01-01

    Hagner-Derengowska Magdalena, Kałużny Krystian, Budzyński Jacek. Effects of Nordic Walking and Pilates training programs on aminotransferase activity in overweight and obese elderly women. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2015;5(12):563-580. eISSN 2391-8306. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.44248 http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/2015%3B5%2812%29%3A563-580 http://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/works/687148 Formerly Journal of Health Sciences. ISSN 1429-9623 / 2300-665...

  17. Can physical activity influence the quality of sleep among the elderly?

    Podhorecka, Marta; Cytarska, Magdalena; Gębka, Dominika; Perkowski, Radosław; Androsiuk-Perkowska, Joanna; Jaroch, Alina; Siedlecka-Główczewska, Emilia; Sokołowski, Remigiusz; Zukow, Walery; Kędziora-Kornatowska, Kornelia

    2017-01-01

    Podhorecka Marta, Cytarska Magdalena, Gębka Dominika, Perkowski Radosław, Androsiuk-Perkowska Joanna, Jaroch Alina, Siedlecka–Główczewska Emilia, Sokołowski Remigiusz, Zukow Walery, Kędziora-Kornatowska Kornelia. Can physical activity influence the quality of sleep among the elderly? Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2017;7(12):288-305. eISSN 2391-8306. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1133730 http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/5177 ...

  18. El género Morphnus

    Lehmann V. F. C.

    1943-08-01

    Full Text Available Nombres comunes: Aguila churuquera, Aguila miquera, Aguila copetona, Gavilán miquero,  Aguila-gavilán, Gavilán. real.  DISTRIBUCION: Desde Honduras, por Panamá, Colombia, Venezuela, las Guayanas, el Brasil, el Oriente del Ecuador y del Perú, hasta el Paraguay. En Colombia se encuentra en las selvas frondosas de las regiones cálidas: Llanos Orientales, Choco, Valle del Magdalena (parte selvosa , sur de la Guajira, Caquetá y Amazonia.

  19. Sociocultural factors influencing control and prevention of vector-borne diseases: The case of zika in Santa Marta (Colombia, 2015-2016.

    Astrid Lorena Perafán Ledezma

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Durante el año 2016, el grupo de Investigación en Diversidad Humana (IDHUM de la Universidad del Magdalena inició un proceso de investigación sobre conocimientos, percepciones y prácticas en torno al Zika y su vector en la ciudad de Santa Marta. Dado lo relevante del tema para la salud pública, consideramos pertinente comunicar a través de este medio algunos de nuestros hallazgos antes de terminar la investigación y que esta se publique en su totalidad.

  20. Wpływ rezonansu stochastycznego na równowagę dziecka z Mózgowym Porażeniem Dziecięcym = Influence of stochastic resonance on body balance of children with Cerebral Palsy

    Srokowski, Grzegorz; Radzimińska, Agnieszka; Weber-Rajek, Magdalena; Piekorz, Zuzanna; Siedlaczek, Marcin; Jasionek, Agnieszka; Srokowska, Anna; Zukow, Walery

    2015-01-01

    Srokowski Grzegorz, Radzimińska Agnieszka, Weber-Rajek Magdalena, Piekorz Zuzanna, Siedlaczek Marcin, Jasionek Agnieszka, Srokowska Anna, Zukow Walery. Wpływ rezonansu stochastycznego na równowagę dziecka z Mózgowym Porażeniem Dziecięcym = Influence of stochastic resonance on body balance of children with Cerebral Palsy. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2015;5(12):521-534. eISSN 2391-8306. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.42266 http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/...

  1. PERCEPCIÓN LOCAL DEL ESTADO AMBIENTAL EN LA CUENCA BAJA DEL RÍO MANZANARES

    Plata, Ángela María; Ibarra Vega, Danny

    2016-01-01

    Los problemas ambientales que afectan a las cuencas hidrográficas en Colombia tienen múltiples causas, una de ellas es la ausencia de una cultura ambiental en las comunidades que viven o frecuentan zonas aledañas a las corrientes hídricas. El principal objetivo de este trabajo era recopilar la percepción local sobre el estado ambiental de la cuenca baja del río Manzanares, ubicada en el departamento del Magdalena e incentivar a los pobladores a reflexionar sobre su papel frente a la solución ...

  2. El Laboratorio Clínico y el Dengue

    Gilberto Angel M.

    1990-01-01

    El dengue es una enfermedad endémica de zonas tropicales y subtropicales, en regiones que se encuentran por debajo de los 1.800 metros sobre el nivel del mar.

    En 1969 se registraron varios brotes en el Caribe, Puerto Rico e Islas Vírgenes y en 1970 se diagnosticó en Barranquilla. En !975 se encontraron en el Magdalena medio unos 450 casos. En 1979 se señalaron unos 3.000 casos en México y en 1981 se padeció en Cuba una gran epidemia de dengue clásico tipo 1, que afe...

  3. Reconstrucción paleoambiental y asociaciones de foraminiferos de la formación Tubará (plioceno temprano), sección Arroyo Piedras (norte de Colombia)

    Molinares Blanco, Carlos Eduardo

    2007-01-01

    La Formación Tubará en el Arroyo Piedras (169 m) es dividida en tres segmentos, interpretados como producto de la sedimentación en ambientes marino marginales relacionados con la evolución del paleo-delta del río Magdalena durante el Plioceno Temprano: El segmento inferior, es interpretado como resultado de sedimentación siliciclástica en una llanura aluvial/deltaica; el segmento intermedio, como el resultado de sedimentación lagunar y/o en pantanos costeros y el superior, como la transición ...

  4. Estudio morfométrico para discriminar según el sexo, cangrejos adultos de la subespecie Hypolobocera Bouvieri Bouvieri (Rathbun, 1898 (Decápoda: Pseudothelphusidae

    Campos Martha R.

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados de un análisis estadístico con cangrejos adultos de la subespecie Hypolobocera bouvieri bouvieri (Rathbun, 1898 de la cuenca del río Negro, hoya del río Magdalena, en el Departamento de Cundinamarca, Colombia.  El estudio consideró 38 especímenes (10 hembras y 28 machos y para cada ejemplar se observaron 29 variables cuantitativas. Utilizando métodos estadísticos multivariados se encontraron 7 variables relevantes con carácter discriminatorio según el sexo.

  5. Environmental education for hazardous waste management and risk reduction in laboratories

    Tomas Rafael Pierre Martinez

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The University laboratories are places where teaching, extension and research activities are develop, which harmful substances are manipulated and hazardous waste are generated, the lack of information about this makes them an inadequate provision causing human health and environmental risks. This research proposes the implementation of environmental education as an alternative for waste management and safety in the University of Magdalena laboratories. Applying a series of polls showed the effectiveness with efficiency or assertively rises at 30% cognitive level during the process. It recommends to obtain better results is necessary evaluate the ethic component.  

  6. Voces y silencios: paradojas de la Virgen

    Solarte, Roberto

    2017-01-01

    El texto enfrenta el fenómeno de la Virgen del Carmen en la experiencia narrada por las comunidades del Magdalena Medio y reconstruye el imaginario religioso de esa celebración para exponer su construcción paradójica, siempre bajo el signo de la violencia. De esta manera, busca la identificación de la experiencia religiosa en toda su ambigüedad, con el fin de delimitar posibilidades de experiencia de fe, comprendida como construcciones de vida por medios no-violentos.

  7. Holistyczne kompetencje zawodowe studentów pielęgniarskich studiów magisterskich = The holistic nursing professional competence of students graduate

    Brodowicz-Król, Magdalena; Zarzycka, Danuta; Stadnicka, Sabina; Bartoń, Elżbieta

    2016-01-01

    Brodowicz-Król Magdalena, Zarzycka Danuta, Stadnicka Sabina, Bartoń Elżbieta. Holistyczne kompetencje zawodowe studentów pielęgniarskich studiów magisterskich = The holistic nursing professional competence of students graduate. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2016;6(8):113-127. eISSN 2391-8306. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.59880 http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/3736 The journal has had 7 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Educat...

  8. Parish, bills and some economic abuses

    Citterio, Diego Ezequiel

    2008-01-01

    El estudio de la Iglesia colonial de la campaña de Buenos Aires ha sido abordado desde distintas perspectivas y aristas; desde el análisis de la recolección del diezmo hasta el funcionamiento de una estancia eclesiástica, desde el culto a la virgen de Luján hasta la conformación de cofradías. En este trabajo el tema es la parroquia de Magdalena y sus estrategias de subsistencia económicas en la zona de frontera. Intentado establecer a partir del análisis de los libros de fábrica algunas consi...

  9. Colombia: Emerging Labor Movement and the State Colombian Drug Problem: Effect on the Peace Process between the M19 and the State

    1990-05-01

    de la Energia en Colombia. 1537-1930 (Bogota,1985), 1. 39 Steam navigation in the inland rivers, Magdalena and Cauca Rivers, used wood as a fuel to...Cartagena, 325. 72 Table 5. Cartagena-Oil Refining Co. 1912 Prod Rates (Monthly) ° Product Octane Amount Gasoline 72 Kerosene "Luz Solar " 110 Kerosene "Luz...1987. De La Pedraja, Ren6. Energy Politics in Colombia, San Francisco : Westview Press, 1989. De La Pedraja, Ren6. Historia de la Energia en Colombia

  10. Effect of a ten-week Nordic Walking exercise program on serum electrolyte concentration and plasma acid-base balance in postmenopausal women with overweight or obesity

    Kałużny, Krystian; Kałużna, Anna; Budzyński, Jacek; Hagner, Wojciech; Kochański, Bartosz; Żukow, Walery; Bronisz, Agata; Hagner‑Derengowska, Magdalena

    2016-01-01

    Kałużny Krystian, Kałużna Anna, Budzyński Jacek, Hagner Wojciech, Kochański Bartosz, Żukow Walery, Bronisz Agata, Hagner‑Derengowska Magdalena. Effect of a ten-week Nordic Walking exercise program on serum electrolyte concentration and plasma acid-base balance in postmenopausal women with overweight or obesity. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2016;6(12):353-364. eISSN 2391-8306. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.201929 http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/4065 ...

  11. Eje Cafetero: fortaleza minero-industrial y posibilidades agropecuarias

    Duque Escobar, Gonzalo

    2012-01-01

    Fortalezas del Eje Cafetero relacionadas con sus potencialidades agropecuario y valioso inventario minero, que le dan soporte a los elementos fundamenbtales del Plan Industrial Minero y a nuevas opciones de clústeres regionales agropecuarios, en momentos en los que se perfila un crecimiento de la oferta energética local en el oriente caldense y la implementación de modos de transporte más eficientes como la navegación por el río Magdalena.

  12. Revival of Palagua

    Carta Petrolera

    1995-01-01

    In Palagua, a extinct oil concession, of the Magdalena Medio (Colombia) the environmental aspects, changes day by day to the compass of the technical and human effort of ECOPETROL; natural pools that accumulated oily during decades, mud and other residuals of the oil exploitation and they caused focuses of contamination, today in day they are in extinction way. The residual waters, produced jointly with the petroleum, are reinjected to the underground after going by a complex purification process. The solids residuals, receives treatment adapted in built sanitary filler with modern techniques for the gases escape and liquids produced by the materials decomposition

  13. Jałowe martwice kości, charakterystyka choroby i postępowanie fizykalne – przegląd literatury = Sterile necrosis of bone, the characteristics of the illness and physical examination - a literature review

    Radzimińska, Agnieszka; Zimmermann, Agnieszka Anna; Weber-Rajek, Magdalena; Strojek, Katarzyna; Bułatowicz, Irena; Goch, Aleksander; Zukow, Walery

    2015-01-01

    Radzimińska Agnieszka, Zimmermann Agnieszka Anna, Weber-Rajek Magdalena, Strojek Katarzyna, Bułatowicz Irena, Goch Aleksander, Zukow Walery. Jałowe martwice kości, charakterystyka choroby i postępowanie fizykalne – przegląd literatury = Sterile necrosis of bone, the characteristics of the illness and physical examination - a literature review. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2015;5(10):108-120. ISSN 2391-8306. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.32518 http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index....

  14. Stosowanie zabiegów fizjoterapeutycznych u osób uprawiających balet po urazie sportowym oraz przeciążeniach narządu ruchu = The use of physical therapy in people practicing ballet trauma and sports overload the musculoskeletal system

    Michalczak, Magdalena; Bojarczuk, Katarzyna; Smoleń, Agata

    2016-01-01

    Michalczak Magdalena, Bojarczuk Katarzyna, Smoleń Agata. Stosowanie zabiegów fizjoterapeutycznych u osób uprawiających balet po urazie sportowym oraz przeciążeniach narządu ruchu = The use of physical therapy in people practicing ballet trauma and sports overload the musculoskeletal system. Journal of Education, Health and Sport. 2016;6(7):640-651. eISSN 2391-8306. DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.60867 http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/3783 The j...

  15. A Novel 3D Hybrid FEM-PO Technique for the Analysis of Scattering Problems

    2004-04-23

    Magdalena Salazar-Palma3 Tapan K. Sarkar4 1Departamento de Ingeniería Audiovisual y Comunicaciones , Universidad Politécnica de Madrid 2Departamento de...Teoría de la Señal y Comunicaciones , Universidad de Alcalá Escuela Politécnica, Campus Universitario, Ctra. Madrid-Barcelona Km. 33.600 28806 Alcalá de...NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Departamento de Ingeniería Audiovisual y Comunicaciones , Universidad Politécnica de

  16. II. Introducción: el Occidente de Colombia y el problema del origen de Cacicazgos

    Dever, Alejandro; Espinosa, Iván; Langebaek, Carl Henrik; Piazini, Emilio

    2015-01-01

    El Valle de Aburrá está localizado en la Cordillera Central de Colombia. Geográficamente hablando, se trata de un valle intermedio entre la cuenca del Río Cauca, ubicada al occidente, y la del Río del Magdalena, localizada al oriente (Figura 1). Desde que se iniciaran estudios arqueológicos en Antioquia, ésta región, y en general el occidente de Colombia, se definió como crucial para comprender el desarrollo de sociedades complejas. Reichel-Dolmatoff (1965: 135), por ejemplo, consideraba que ...

  17. Corredor Bimodal Cafetero

    Duque Escobar, Gonzalo

    2015-01-01

    El Corredor Bimodal Cafetero es un proyecto de infraestructura estratégica que articula la Hidrovía del Magdalena con el Corredor Férreo del río Cauca, inscrito en el Plan Nacional de Desarrollo 2014/2018 y financiable con la salida de 30 mil toneladas diarias de carbón andino a la cuenca del Pacífico. Incluye el Túnel Cumanday para cruzar la Cordillera Central, el Ferrocarril Cafetero de 150 km y 3% de pendiente entre La Dorada y el Km 41, y la Transversal Cafetera de 108 km para una vía de...

  18. Intrauterine contraceptive device embedded in the omentum – case report

    Zolnierczyk P

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Piotr Zolnierczyk, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Wlodzimierz Sawicki Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Oncology, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland Abstract: This report describes the case of a 29-year-old patient, female (nulliparous who had an intrauterine device (IUD inserted in 2010 and who has had no gynecological control since then (for 4 years. After this time, the asymptomatic patient had a gynecological appointment, during which a doctor did not find the strings of IUD in the speculum. Ultrasound examination did not reveal the presence of the IUD in the uterine cavity, which led to the suspicion of its presence outside the uterus. The patient was referred to a hospital, where she underwent ultrasound and X-ray examination of the pelvis that confirmed the presence of the IUD outside the uterus. Laparoscopy was performed during which the IUD was localized as being embedded in the omentum. It was removed by performing a resection of a part of the omentum with inflammatory infiltration. The patient was discharged home on the second postoperative day in a good condition. This case confirms the need for gynecological control and ultrasound examination shortly after insertion. An ultrasound or/and X-ray is mandatory in any case of absence of IUD strings previously visible in the vagina, if the patient did not observe its expulsion. Keywords: intrauterine device, myometrium, IUD threads, uterine cavity, ultrasound examination

  19. For information: Geneva University

    2006-01-01

    Ecole de physiqueDépartement de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet - 1211 GENEVE 4TéL: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 15 February PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINARat 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium High-energy photon interactions at the LHC by Prof. Krzysztof Piotrzkowski / Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgique A significant fraction of proton collisions at the LHC will involve photon interactions at the energies above the electroweak scale. Experimental prospects for studying such interactions at the LHC will be presented, including the rôle of the forward proton detectors in tagging and reconstruction of photon induced events. Physics scope of high-energy photon-photon fusion and photon-proton interactions at the LHC will be discussed, focusing in particular on the two-photon production of W and Z pairs, and the associated photo-production of W and Higgs bosons. Finally, importance of studying the exclusive production of lepton pairs for searches beyond th...

  20. Film and Media as a Site for Memory in Contemporary Art

    Martinez Rosario Domingo

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the relationship between film, contemporary art and cultural memory. It aims to set out an overview of the use of film and media in artworks dealing with memory, history and the past. In recent decades, film and media projections have become some of the most common mediums employed in art installations, multi-screen artworks, sculptures, multi-media art, as well as many other forms of contemporary art. In order to examine the links between film, contemporary art and memory, I will firstly take a brief look at cultural memory and, secondly, I will set out an overview of some pieces of art that utilize film and video to elucidate historical and mnemonic accounts. Thirdly, I will consider the specific features and challenges of film and media that make them an effective repository in art to represent memory. I will consider the work of artists like Tacita Dean, Krzysztof Wodiczko and Jane and Louise Wilson, whose art is heavily influenced and inspired by concepts of memory, history, nostalgia and melancholy. These artists provide examples of the use of film in art, and they have established contemporary art as a site for memory.

  1. How to cope with a „little genius” – the methods of supporting a talented child [Jak sobie radzić z „małym geniuszem” – metody wspierania dziecka zdolnego

    Anna STASIAK-PRZYBYLSKA

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available During my work in a Psychological-and-Didactic Consultancy I mostly encounter children who have trouble at school or who try to attract attention of their supervisors and peers through their asocial behavior. Children who are sent to the Consultancy for diagnostic evaluation or various therapies are those whose parents and teachers worry about their academic achievements or attitude. Highly intellectual children do not fit into this pattern. Professionals working with such children mostly do not associate them with the kids who need any aid. However, an adequate approach and stimulation of specific functions may contribute to better use of their inborn potential and increase possibility of outstanding success. The present paper presents a range of talent theories based on Czesław Nosal’s theory. Subsequently, selected models describe how talents function. Further, a mechanism of creating an outstanding talent are presented on the basis of the Franz Monks’ Triadic Model of Talent. The theoretical concepts are embedded in a context of school and show a talented pupil selection process. Afterwards there is a description of workshops and trainings of creative thinking and memory techniques. Results of evaluation of the authorial workshops are presented. The present research is based on Kurt Lewin’s theory as presented by Krzysztof Konarzewski. Finaly, there is description of interesting phenomena that occurred after the talented pupil selection process took place.

  2. Fractal Geometry and Stochastics V

    Falconer, Kenneth; Zähle, Martina

    2015-01-01

    This book brings together leading contributions from the fifth conference on Fractal Geometry and Stochastics held in Tabarz, Germany, in March 2014. The book is divided into five sections covering different facets of this fast developing area: geometric measure theory, self-similar fractals and recurrent structures, analysis and algebra on fractals, multifractal theory, and random constructions. There are state-of-the-art surveys as well as papers highlighting more specific recent advances. The authors are world-experts who present their topics comprehensibly and attractively. The book provides an accessible gateway to the subject for newcomers as well as a reference for recent developments for specialists. Authors include: Krzysztof Barański, Julien Barral, Kenneth Falconer, De-Jun Feng, Peter J. Grabner, Rostislav Grigorchuk, Michael Hinz, Stéphane Jaffard, Maarit Järvenpää, Antti Käenmäki, Marc Kesseböhmer, Michel Lapidus, Klaus Mecke, Mark Pollicott,  Michał Rams, Pablo Shmerkin, and András Te...

  3. Cine-Club

    Cine-Club

    2013-01-01

    Thursday 23 January 2014 at 20:00 CERN Council Chamber Blind Chance (Przypadek)   Directed by Krzysztof Kieślowski (Poland, 1981) 122 minutes   This film shows how insignificant chaotic events and choices can influence a life by setting one starting point and three very different outcomes. The main character, Witek, student in the medical school, loses his calling after the death of his father. Witek is on his way to catch a train to Warsaw, there he crashes into a fellow drinking beer. In the first scenario he manages to take his train and meets Werner, an old Communist, after which Witek decides to join the Communist Party. In the second scenario, Witek rushing after his train runs into a guard. He is arrested and sentenced to community service. Witek joins the anti-Communist resistance and meets up with Daniel, a friend from his childhood, and his sister Wera. He is baptised and the figure of Christ on the cross becomes a significant emblem for him. In the third scenar...

  4. Impactul imaginilor audiovizuale asupra structurii teatrului modern

    Violeta Tipa

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available With the development of digital technologies, the universe of theatrical performance knows a new wave of visual image invasion. Almost a century from the first attempts to introduce elements of cinematic language, theater people offer new opportunities for including movie images (video in the performance structure, expanding the space and time of the dramatic actions. Being more sophisticated and used at maximum, they have generated some new forms of theater, such as media theater and visual theater. The trend toward the modernization of the performance, by imposing video sequences, often change the optics of the traditional performance. Theater performances of the theatres from Poland: Hamlet by Krzysztof Garbaczewski, the performances Hommage to Chagall and Metamorphosis by director Adolf Weltschek; the Romanian performances Everything is Well between Us by Radu Afrim, the show King Ubu by Slava Sambris and the ones presented within BITEI 2016 are among the experiments in this context. Having a significant impact on the theatrical language, as well as on the structure of modern performance, the presence of the audio-visual causes a phenomenon worthy of research under various aspects.

  5. Melting hadrons, boiling quarks from Hagedorn temperature to ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions at CERN : with a tribute to Rolf Hagedorn

    2015-01-01

    This book shows how the study of multi-hadron production phenomena in the years after the founding of CERN culminated in Hagedorn's pioneering idea of limiting temperature, leading on to the discovery of the quark-gluon plasma - announced, in February 2000 at CERN. Following the foreword by Herwig Schopper -- the Director General (1981-1988) of CERN at the key historical juncture -- the first part is a tribute to Rolf Hagedorn (1919-2003) and includes contributions by contemporary friends and colleagues, and those who were most touched by Hagedorn: Tamás Biró, Igor Dremin, Torleif Ericson, Marek Gázdzicki, Mark Gorenstein, Hans Gutbrod, Maurice Jacob, István Montvay, Berndt Müller, Grazyna Odyniec, Emanuele Quercigh, Krzysztof Redlich, Helmut Satz, Luigi Sertorio, Ludwik Turko, and Gabriele Veneziano. The second and third parts retrace 20 years of developments that after discovery of the Hagedorn temperature in 1964 led to its recognition as the melting point of hadrons into boiling quarks, and t...

  6. Transfundal puncture of a large ovarian cyst with hysteroscopic and ultrasonographic guidance

    Zolnierczyk P

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Piotr Zolnierczyk, Krzysztof Cendrowski, Wlodzimierz Sawicki Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Oncology, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland Abstract: This paper describes the case of an 83-year-old patient with hypertension, diabetes, obesity (body mass index – 38, congestive heart failure, and history of cardiac surgery, who was referred for a diagnostic–therapeutic decompression of a large, symptomatic ovarian cyst. Due to anatomical conditions, the only safe way was a transfundal puncture under mini-hysteroscopic and ultrasound guidance. A puncture with aspiration of 300 mL of serous fluid from the cyst was performed without technical problems and complications. Cytology showed no cancer cells in the examined liquid. Relief from pain and compression discomfort was achieved in the patient. This case shows the possibility of combining ultrasound and minimally invasive diagnostic methods like hysteroscopy in selected clinical situations. Keywords: ovarian cyst puncture, hysteroscopy, ultrasound guided puncture, transfundal cyst puncture, vaginoscopy 

  7. El doctor Moreno Pérez y el anopheles crucians

    Facultad de Medicina Revista

    1943-03-01

    Full Text Available En el año de 1933, con ocasión del conflicto del Amazonas, el doctor Ignacio Moreno·Pérez trabajó como médico de sanidad en la hoya del río Caquetá. Prosiguiendo sus estudios sobre paludismo y mosquitos transmisores a que dedicó gran parte de su meritoria vida, practicó una inspección entomológica de las cercanías de Florencia, capital de la comisaria del Caquetá, y encontró una raza en aguas salobres de Anopheles crucians. El hallazgo comunicado por él en el informe de 1934 de la comisión de paludismo del valle del Magdalena, (Estudios de Paludismo en el Valle del Magdalena, Departamento Nacional de Higiene, Sección de Sanidad Rural, Bogotá editorial de "Cromos", 1934, despertó mucho interés y fué objeto de controversias, porque conforme a los estudios de Howard, Dyar y Knab (1917, la localización del Anopheles crucians era casi hiperbórea, por encima del paralelo 25 en la América del Norte y solamente se había logrado ver además en Cuba y Jamaica.

  8. [Frequency and variables associated with perceived devaluation-discrimination in victims of the armed conflict in Colombia].

    Campo-Arias, Adalberto; Ospino, Anyelly C; Sanabria, Adriana R; Guerra, Valeria M; Caamaño, Beatriz H; Herazo, Edwin

    2017-11-21

    There is no information on frequency of perceived devaluation-discrimination in victims of the armed conflict in Colombia. The aim of this study was thus to determine the frequency of perceived devaluation-discrimination and associated variables among victims of the armed conflict in municipalities in the Department of Magdalena, Colombia. A cross-sectional study was conducted among victims enrolled in the Program for Psychosocial Care and Comprehensive Healthcare for Victims. Depressive symptoms were quantified with four dichotomous items (three or more were classified as high level of depressive symptoms), and perceived devaluation-discrimination was quantified with six dichotomous items (two or more were classified as high perceived devaluation-discrimination). A total of 943 adults participated (M = 47.9; SD = 14.2); 67.4%, women; 109 (11.6%) reported high level of depressive symptoms and 217 (23%) showed high perceived devaluation-discrimination. High perceived devaluation-discrimination was associated with high level of depressive symptoms (OR = 6.47; 95%CI: 4.23-9.88). In conclusion, one-fourth of the victims of the armed conflict in Magdalena reported high perceived devaluation-discrimination, which was significantly associated with high level of depressive symptoms.

  9. Mesozooplankton communities in the Magellan region

    Katjia Defren-Janson

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available During the Joint Chilean-German-Italian Magellan Victor Hensen Campaign in November 1994 zooplankton sampling was carried out by means of a multiple opening-closing multinet equipped with 300 µm mesh size. Distribution pattern was studied and community analyses of mesozooplankton were made at seven stations in the Magellan region. Highest numbers of individuals were found in the northern part of the investigation area (Magdalena to Brecknock Channels at stations with a mixed water column. In the southern part (Beagle and Ballenero Channels, lower zooplankton abundances were associated with a stratified water column due to melt water from several glaciers. At all stations holoplankton dominated the assemblages (83 - 97%. Copepods were by far the most abundant taxon encountered during this study, contributing to more than 2/3 of the total zooplankton numbers. They occurred throughout the water column with maxima in middle water layers. Appendicularians ranked second in abundance with their main distribution in the upper 100 m. Euphausiids were found in higher densities only in the Magdalena Channel (St. 1313; their vertical distribution pattern resembled that of copepods. Cladocerans aggregated at all stations in the upper 30 m. Within the meroplankton, echinoderm larvae were most abundant, notably in the upper 100 m under stratified conditions. Cluster analysis separated between a surface community covering all stations, and a northern and southern deep community, respectively.

  10. Taxonomic revision and phylogenetic relationships of Dasyloricaria Isbrücker & Nijssen, 1979 (Siluriformes: Loricariidae, with description of a new species

    Alejandro Londoño-Burbano

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT A taxonomic revision and phylogenetic analysis were completed for Dasyloricaria . The genus includes three valid species: D . filamentosa and D . latiura previously included in the genus, and a new species described herein. Dasyloricaria have a restricted trans-Andean distribution, with D . filamentosa occurring at the lower and middle Magdalena, lower Cauca, and Sinu in Colombia, and lago Maracaibo basin in Colombia and Venezuela; D . latiura in the Atrato and the Tuyra basins in Colombia and Panama, respectively; and the new species in the upper and middle Magdalena basin in Colombia. New synonyms for D . filamentosa and D . latiura are proposed, and a lectotype is designated for the latter. Dasyloricaria is herein recognized as monophyletic, with D . filamentosa as the sister group of D . latiura , and the new speciesas sister to that clade. Spatuloricaria is hypothesized to be the sister group of Dasyloricaria based on synapomorphies of the neurocranium, branchial arches and external morphology features. The subtribe Rineloricariina was partially corroborated through the phylogenetic analysis. An identification key for the species of Dasyloricaria is provided.

  11. Potential distribution of Podocnemis lewyana (Reptilia: Podocnemididae) and its possible fluctuation under different global climate change scenarios

    Ortiz Yusty, Carlos; Restrepo, Adriana; Paez, Vivian P

    2014-01-01

    We implemented a species distribution modelling approach to establish the potential distribution of Podocnemis lewyana, to explore the climatic factors that may influence the species' distribution and to evaluate possible changes in distribution under future climate scenarios. The distribution models predicted a continuous distribution from south to north along the Magdalena River, from Rivera and Palermo in the Department of Huila to the departments of Atlantico and Magdalena in the north. Temperature was the variable most influential in the distribution of P. lewyana; this species tends to be present in warm regions with low temperature variability. The distribution model predicted an increase in the geographic range of P. lewyana under climate change scenarios. However, taking into account the habitat preferences of this species and its strong association with water, this result should be treated with caution since the model considered only terrestrial climatic variables. Given the life history characteristics of this species (temperature dependent sex determination, high pivotal temperature and a very narrow transition range) and the negative effect of changes in hydrological regimes on embryo survival, expansion of the potential distribution of P. lewyana in the future does not mean that the species will not be affected by global climate change.

  12. Contribución al conocimiento de los Machiloidea de Colombia (Archaeognatha: Insecta Contribución al conocimiento de los Machiloidea de Colombia (Archaeognatha: Insecta

    Sturm Helmut

    1983-09-01

    Full Text Available Se describen cuatro nuevas especies y una subespecie de Meinertellidae recolectadas en Colombia y en un bosque pluvial cerca de Manaos, Brasil. Son las siguientes: Meinertellus adisi, M. bogotensis santaemartae, Neomachilellus aboucbaari, N. amazonicus y N. rangeli. Se discute la posición sistemática de los ejemplares recolectados cerca de Bogotá, en el valle del río Magdalena y en la Cordillera Oriental cerca de Neiva. Se da una clave para los géneros suramericanos de la familia.Four new species and one new subspecies of Meinertellidae occurring respectively in Colombia and in the rain forest near Manaus, Brazil, are described:  Meinertellus adisi, M. bogotensis santaemartae , Neomachilellus abouchaari, N. amazonicus and N. rangeli. The systematical position of specimens collected near Bogota, in the Magdalena Valley and in the Eastern Andes near Neiva is discussed. A key for the South American genera of the family is given.

  13. Nutrient fluxes and net metabolism in a coastal lagoon SW peninsula of Baja California, Mexico

    Cervantes Duarte, R.

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Fluxes of nutrients and net metabolism were estimated in coastal lagoon Magdalena Bay using LOICZ biogeochemical model. In situ data were obtained from 14 sites in the lagoon and also from a fixed site in the adjacent ocean area. Intense upwelling (February to July and faint upwelling (August to January were analyzed from monthly time series. The Temperature, nitrite + nitrate, ammonium and phosphate within the lagoon showed significant differences (p<0.05 between the two periods. Salinity (p=0.408 was more homogeneous (no significantly different due to mixing processes. During the intense upwelling period, nutrients increased in and out of the lagoon due to the influence of Transitional Water and Subartic Water transported by the California Current. However, during the faint upwelling, from August to January, the Transition Water and Subtropical Surface Water were predominant. Magdalena Bay showed denitrification processes of throughout the year as it occurred in other semi-arid coastal lagoons. It also showed a net autotrophic metabolism during intense upwelling and heterotrophic metabolism during faint upwelling. Understanding nutrient flows and net metabolism through simple biogeochemical models can provide tools for better management of the coastal zone.

  14. Reports of the hairy-legged vampire bat Diphylla ecaudata Spix, 1823 (Chiroptera: Desmodontinae for the biogeographyc Colombian Chocó

    Jonard David Echavarría-R

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available It is reported a new record of the hairy-legged vampire Diphylla ecaudata (SPIX, 1823 in the Choco region of Colombia, of which are known only few studies in the country, registered in the departments of Magdalena (1900, Vaupés (1966, Meta (1970, Caquetá (1999 y Amazonas (2016. This registry is based on two specimens that were properly analyzed and due to its curiosity, discusses the available information on this species in the country in terms of its distribution and ecology, based on specimens in collections and existing reports. This log helps fill a void of the known geographic distribution of the species in the country deposited in the Teriologica Scientific Collection Research Group on Management and Wildlife Management of the Chocó of the Technological University of Chocó (ColTer-Choco. This report extends the geographic distribution until the department of Choco, in contraendose to 464.794 km some of the record closest in Magdalena, adding the Tropical Dry Forest Ecosystem (BST to habitats that occurred for the species. Due to its curiosity, discusses the available information on this species in the country in terms of its distribution and ecology, based on specimens in collections and existing reports. This log helps fill a void of the known geographic distribution of the species in the country.

  15. Mitochondrial and nuclear genetic variation across calving lagoons in Eastern North Pacific gray whales (Eschrichtius robustus).

    Alter, S Elizabeth; Ramirez, Sergio Flores; Nigenda, Sergio; Ramirez, Jorge Urbán; Bracho, Lorenzo Rojas; Palumbi, Stephen R

    2009-01-01

    Accurate knowledge of population structure in cetaceans is critical for preserving and managing breeding habitat, particularly when habitat is not uniformly protected. Most eastern gray whales return to their major breeding range each winter along the Pacific coast of Baja California, Mexico, concentrating in 3 major calving lagoons, but it is unknown whether genetic differences exist between lagoons. Previous photo-identification studies and genetic studies suggest that gray whales may return to their natal lagoons to breed, potentially resulting in the buildup of genetic differences. However, an earlier genetic study used only one genetic marker and did not include samples from Bahia Magdalena, a major calving lagoon not currently designated as a wildlife refuge. To expand on this previous study, we collected genetic data from the mitochondrial control region (442 bp) and 9 microsatellite markers from 112 individuals across all 3 major calving lagoons. Our data suggest that migration rates between calving lagoons are high but that a small but significant departure from panmixia exists between Bahia Magdalena and Laguna San Ignacio (Fisher's Exact test, P 10% per generation). In addition, microsatellite data showed evidence of a severe population bottleneck. Eastern gray whales are still recovering from the impacts of whaling on their breeding grounds, and these populations should be protected and monitored for future genetic changes.

  16. Approaches for the environmental evaluation of two swamp complexes of the Momposina depression

    Caballero, Humberto; Durango, Consuelo

    1998-01-01

    The swamp complexes of the Momposina depression in the lower Magdalena River have been submitted to irrational exploitation, transformation and contamination mainly since the beginning of the century, process that has be en getting worse in the last decade. The most evident manifestation of the environmental deterioration is expressed by the drastic reduction of fishing, with important socio-economic effects to the population that lives from this source. The most notorious causes of the actual state of the ecosystem were detected, and some preliminary considerations for its management are presented. However, due to the modifications that the complexes have suffered (closure of the natural sewer, construction of jarillones, modifications of the internal water flows and sediments, over exploitation, of fish and herpetofauna), the deterioration of the limnologic conditions is moderated, which allows to begin recuperation plans. The major impacts were observed in the fauna of birds and reptiles associated to the swamps; the decrease of the ictics populations seems to be related to the strong impact generated by the fishing action used and the interruption of the natural cycles of fish. The possibility of rebuilding the communication swamp-river should be studied with care because it seems the system has arrived to new conditions. The re-opening of the sewers could mean a new unbalanced condition represented mainly by the contamination coming from the Magdalena River

  17. Distribution of tortoises and freshwater turtles of the Colombian Caribbean

    Montes Correa, Andres Camilo; Saboya Acosta, Liliana Patricia; Paez, Vivian; Vega, Karen; Renjifo, Juan Manuel

    2014-01-01

    This research reviews the Colombian Caribbean distribution of the species Kinosternon scorpioides, Trachemys callirostris, Mesoclemmys dahli and Chelonoidis carbonaria, and to present new records for the region. The species K. scorpioides is reported for the first time in the Manzanares River drainage, Santa Marta, Department of Magdalena. Trachemys callirostris was recorded in the Canas River, Department of La Guajira, being the first record for this species in a small river on the north side of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Chelonoidis carbonaria was recorded in a wetland in Santa Marta. We recorded a female M. dahli in the village of Monterrubio, municipality of Sabanas de San Angel, Department of Magdalena. Three of the four species included in this account are listed in some category of threat. The lack of knowledge of the biology and distribution of these species could be considered a threat to them because ignorance precludes the establishment of their true conservation status and hinders the development of management plans required for their protection.

  18. Mechanical Design of NESSI: New Mexico Tech Extrasolar Spectroscopic Survey Instrument

    Santoro, Fernando G.; Olivares, Andres M.; Salcido, Christopher D.; Jimenez, Stephen R.; Jurgenson, Colby A.; Hrynevych, Michael A.; Creech-Eakman, Michelle J.; Boston, Penny J.; Schmidt, Luke M.; Bloemhard, Heather; hide

    2011-01-01

    NESSI: the New Mexico Tech Extrasolar Spectroscopic Survey Instrument is a ground-based multi-object spectrograph that operates in the near-infrared. It will be installed on one of the Nasmyth ports of the Magdalena Ridge Observatory (MRO) 2.4-meter Telescope sited in the Magdalena Mountains, about 48 km west of Socorro-NM. NESSI operates stationary to the telescope fork so as not to produce differential flexure between internal opto-mechanical components during or between observations. An appropriate mechanical design allows the instrument alignment to be highly repeatable and stable for both short and long observation timescales, within a wide-range of temperature variation. NESSI is optically composed of a field lens, a field de-rotator, re-imaging optics, an auto-guider and a Dewar spectrograph that operates at LN2 temperature. In this paper we report on NESSI's detailed mechanical and opto-mechanical design, and the planning for mechanical construction, assembly, integration and verification.

  19. Flood protection as a key-component of the environmental restoration of Canal del Dique, Colombia

    Sokolewicz Marius

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Canal del Dique is a man-made distributary of Rio Magdalena. After its widening in 1980’s environmental degradation caused by abundant sediment load and changes to hydrology took a catastrophic form. In 2010, the Canal’s dike breached and 35,000 ha of land were flooded. In 2013 a huge effort to restore the environment in the Canal del Dique system and to flood-proof the villages was started. An integrated approach was adopted to provide an optimal solution for flood control, environment, fresh water supply and navigation. In order to prepare restoration plans, an extensive hydrologic and hydraulic assessment was carried out. 1D, 2D and 3D numerical models were developed to answer different questions, to evaluate different alternatives and to enable selection of optimal solutions. To assess the flood risk, a hindcast of 2010 flood was carried out. A solution was designed in which the inlet of water from the Magdalena River is regulated by a control structure, managed by an automated system based on SCADA and Delft-FEWS flood forecasting software and advanced statistics.

  20. Lazareto de Agua de Dios, Frente a los Valores Sociales Invertidos // Lazareto de Agua de Dios, in Front of Invested Social Securities // Lazareto Água de Dios, Contra a Valores Sociais Investidos

    Darío Benavides Pava

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo forma parte del proyecto de investigación institucional denominado Historiografía del Empresariado de Cundinamarca 1900-2010; Capítulo: Provincia del Alto Magdalena. Con este estudio se pretende hacer un merecido reconocimiento al empresariado de la provincia que, con su esfuerzo y tenacidad lograron hacer del Alto Magdalena una región próspera, foco de inversión nacional y extranjera. De igual manera, interesa a la academia analizar los modelos y técnicas administrativas empleados por los emprendedores locales en el empeño por sacar adelante sus proyectos. Este estudio lleva a cabo una secuencia documental de carácter histórico que permite conocer el modelo administrativo implementado en el Lazareto de Agua de Dios y su particular sistema económico, dando ejemplo de funcionalidad con respeto por la dignidad humana. Fue de esta manera como la sociedad resolvió “el problema”. 

  1. Assessment of water supply as an ecosystem service in a rural-urban watershed in southwestern Mexico City.

    Jujnovsky, Julieta; González-Martínez, Teresa Margarita; Cantoral-Uriza, Enrique Arturo; Almeida-Leñero, Lucia

    2012-03-01

    Studies from the ecosystem services perspective can provide a useful framework because they allow us to fully examine the benefits that humans obtain from socio-ecological systems. Mexico City, the second largest city in the world, has faced severe problems related to water shortages, which have worsened due to increasing population. Demand for space has forced changes in land cover, including covering areas that are essential for groundwater recharge. The city has 880 km(2) of forest areas that are crucial for the water supply. The Magdalena River Watershed was chosen as a model because it is a well-preserved zone within Mexico City and it provides water for the population. The general aim of this study was to assess the ecosystem service of the water supply in the Magdalena River Watershed by determining its water balance (SWAT model) and the number of beneficiaries of the ecosystem services. The results showed that the watershed provides 18.4 hm(3) of water per year. Baseflow was dominant, with a contribution of 85%, while surface runoff only accounted for 15%. The zone provides drinking water to 78,476 inhabitants and could supply 153,203 potential beneficiaries. This work provides an example for understanding how ecosystem processes determine the provision of ecosystem services and benefits to the population in a rural-urban watershed in Mexico City.

  2. Comparación de los métodos de inmunoensayo enzimático automatizado (VIDAS y PCR para la detección de Salmonella spp. en expendios de la ciudad de Santa Marta (Colombia

    Libardo Acosta

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: comparar los métodos de inmunoensayo enzimático automatizado VIDAS, (Vi- tek Immunodiagnostic Assay System, y el análisis molecular por Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa (PCR para detectar Salmonella spp en expendios de la ciudad de Santa Marta (Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Previamente se reportó la estandarización de la técnica de PCR para la detección de Salmonella spp. en un lapso de 12 horas. En colaboración con el Labo- ratorio de Salud Pública del departamento del Magdalena se procedió a tomar un total de 65 muestras de alimentos para análisis de vigilancia rutinaria, discriminados así: carne de res: 14 (21.5 %, embutidos: 18 (27.7 %, pollo: 7(10.8 %, pescado: 3(4.6 %, harinas: 13 (20 %, lácteos: 5 (7.7 % salsas: 4(6.2 % y ensalada: 1(1.5 %, en la ciudad de Santa Marta entre septiembre y noviembre de 2010. Las 65 muestras fueron sometidas a análisis microbiológico para la determinación de Salmonella spp. en el Laboratorio de Salud Pú- blica del departamento del Magdalena siguiendo el protocolo del VIDAS. Una alícuota de 1 mL del preenriquecimiento no selectivo fue enviada refrigerada al laboratorio de biología molecular de la Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia para ser analizada por PCR. Resultados: Los resultados muestran que los alimentos analizados en el Laboratorio de Salud Pública del departamento del Magdalena con VIDAS presentaron Salmonella spp. únicamente en cárnicos: 5/65 (7.7 %, mientras que esas mismas muestras analizadas por PCR mostraban la presencia de Salmonella spp. en 36/65 (55.4 %. Conclusiones: Los resultados indican que la PCR puede ser aplicada para realizar vigilan- cia epidemiológica y obtener resultados cualitativos confiables en menor tiempo.

  3. Size Constraints on Late Miocene to Pliocene Submarine Slope Failures along the Colombian Caribbean Subduction Margin as a Basis for Assessing Circum-Caribbean Impact of Future Tsunami Events

    Leslie, S.; Mann, P.

    2015-12-01

    The Colombian Caribbean margin provides an ideal setting for the formation of large mass transport deposits (MTDs): 1) the Caribbean Plate is slowly subducting at rates of 20 mm/yr with infrequent large thrust earthquakes and a complete lack of subduction events in the 400-year-long historical record; 2) the margin is a broad zone of active faults including a ~50 km-wide accretionary prism and strike-slip faults landward of the prism; 3) the active margin is draped by the Magdalena delta and submarine fan fed by the Magdalena River, the 26th largest in the world; and 4) the margin is over-steepened to slopes of up to 7° from the combination of tectonic activity and rapid rates of deltaic progradation. Using seismic data we have identified three late Miocene-Pliocene MTDs, the largest of which is between 4500 and 6000 km3, comparable in size to the well-studied Storegga slide of Norway. The tsunamigenic potential of future, analog MTD events are modeled using GeoWave tsunami modeling software. The largest and youngest of these MTDs, the Santa Marta slide, is used as an analog to infer the location and input parameters for the tsunami model. The event is modeled as a translational slide ~46 km long and ~37 km wide with the center of the slide located ~57 km W/NW from the mouth of the present day Magdalena River in water depths of 1500 m. The volume for the initial failure is conservatively estimated at ~680 km3 of material. The resulting tsunami wave from such an event has an initial maximum trough amplitude of -65.8 m and a peak amplitude of 19.2 m. The impact of such a tsunami would include: 1) Kingston, Jamaica (population 938K), tsunami height 7.5 m, peak arrival at 60 min.; 2) Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic (population 965K, height 6 m, peak arrival at 80 min.); and 3) Cartagena, Colombia (population 845K, height 21 m, peak arrival at 34 min.). A number of parameters to the model are varied to analyze sensitivity of modeling results to changes in slide depth

  4. Compuestos organoclorados residuales en dos especies ícticas de la Ciénaga Grande del Bajo Sinú, Córdoba, Colombia

    Edineldo Lans C

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Determinación de niveles de pesticidas organoclorados (POCs en especies ícticas, procedentes de la Ciénaga Grande del Bajo Sinú, Materiales y métodos. Se usó un cromatógrafo de gases (Perkin Elmer Autosystem XL con detector captura de electrones y columna capilar 5% de difenil y 95% de dimetilpolisiloxano, de 30 m, 0.25 mm de diámetro interno y 0.25 μm de espesor de película. Las especies estudiadas fueron: bocachico (Prochilodus magdalenae y moncholo (Hoplias malabaricus, durante las estaciones seca y húmeda. Resultados. El porcentaje de recuperación de los pesticidas determinados se registró entre 80 y 84%, mientras que los límites de detección y cuanficación fueron 0.02 a 0.18 ng/g y 0.2 a 1.8 ng/g respectivamente. La desviación estándar relativa permaneció por debajo del 7% en todos los casos. De los pesticidas organoclorados investigados, en las dos especies se detectaron el a-clordano, endrín y aldrín. Se observó que a medida que aumenta el peso y el tamaño del pez, aumenta la concentración de los plaguicidas en una de las especies. Los niveles de concentración de los POCs estuvieron en el intervalo de 0.35-3.75 y 0.48-5.49 ng/g para el moncholo (Hoplias malabaricus and bocachico (Prochilodus magdalenae respectivamente. Conclusiones. La frecuencia de aparición de POCs y los niveles detectados en las especies podrían ser consecuencia de actividades antropogénicas realizadas en los alrededores de la ciénaga. La correlación entre las medidas biométricas y la concentración depende de la especie íctica. Las concentraciones encontradas en las especies estudiadas, Hoplias malabaricus y Prochilodus magdalenae no representan toxicidad letal inmediata.

  5. PREFACE: Joint European Magnetic Symposia - JEMS 2010

    Spałek, Jozef

    2011-07-01

    Conference banner The Joint European Magnetic Symposia JEMS 2010 took place in the complex Auditorium Maximum of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Poland, between 23-28 August 2010. It followed the series of the conferences in Grenoble (2001), Dresden (2004), San Sebastian (2006), and Dublin (2008). The next Symposia will be held in 2012 in Parma (Italy). The Symposia cover a broad range of aspects of magnetism and magnetic materials, as well as providing a forum for the magnetism community to discuss new concepts, properties, and developments in all branches of fundamental and applied magnetism. The JEMS 2010 Symposia were organized by the Institute of Physics of Jagiellonian University, in cooperation with AGH University of Science and Technology (Kraków), Cracow University of Technology, Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Kraków, and the Silesian University in Katowice. I thank the Local Committee, and in particular Professor Krzysztof Tomala, for their hard work long before, during, and after the Conference. We dedicate this volume to Professor Henryk Szymczak from the Institute of Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences for his long lasting service to the magnetism community and the organizational effort in bringing this Conference to our community. Thank you Henryk! The Conference contained Plenary Sessions and 16 Symposia, which are listed below. Most of them had two chairpersons (also listed), one from abroad and one from Poland. I believe that a collective chairmanship of the Symposia is very helpful in both their organization, as well as in the reviewing process of the papers submitted to the Conference Proceedings. I would like to cordially thank all the persons listed below, who have contributed enormously to the success of our meeting. The Proceedings comprises 116 invited and contributed papers. I thank the Co-editors for their continuing work long after the Conference. Arrivederci in Parma! Jozef Spa

  6. Committees and organizers

    2011-07-01

    Chairman:Jozef Spałek (Kraków) Program Committee:Stephen Blundell (Oxford), J Michael D Coey (Dublin), Dominique Givord (Grenoble), Dariusz Kaczorowski (Wrocław), Roman Micnas (Poznań), Marek Przybylski (Halle), Ludiwig Schultz (Dresden), Vladimir Sechovsky (Prague), Jozef Spałek (Kraków), Henryk Szymczak (Warszawa), Manuel Vázquez (Madrid) Publication Committee:Dariusz Kaczorowski, Robert Podsiadły, Jozef Spałek, Henryk Szymczak, Andrzej Szytuła Local committee:Maria Bałanda, Anna Majcher, Robert Podsiadły, Michał Rams, Andrzej Ślebarski, Krzysztof Tomala Editors of the Proceedings:Jozef Spałek, Krzysztof Tomala, Danuta Goc-Jagło, Robert Podsiadły, Michał Rams, Anna Majcher Plenary, semi-plenary and tutorial speakers:Ernst Bauer (Wien)Stephen Blundell (Oxford)J Michael D Coey (Dublin)Russell P Cowburn (London)Burkard Hillebrands (Kaiserslautern)Claudine Lacroix (Grenoble)Lluís Mañosa (Barcelona)María del Carmen Muñoz (Madrid)Bernard Raveau (Caen)Pedro Schlottmann (Tallahassee)Frank Steglich (Dresden)Oliver Waldmann (Freiburg) Invited speakers within symposia: R Ahuja (Uppsala)A Kirilyuk (Nijmegen) M Albrecht (Vienna)L Theil Kuhn (Roskilde) K Bärner (Göttingen)J Liu (Dresden) U Bovensiepen (Duisburg)G Lorusso (Modena) V Buchelnikov (Chelyabinsk)M M Maska (Katowice) B Chevalier (Bordeaux)Y Mukovskii (Moscow) O Chubykalo-Fesenko (Madrid)M Pannetier-Lecoeur (Saclay) A V Chumak (Kaiserslautern)G Papavassiliou (Athens) J M D Coey (Dublin)K R Pirota (Campinas) B Dabrowski (DeKalb)P Przyslupski (Warszawa) S Das (Aveiro)M Reiffers (Košice) A del Moral (Zaragoza)K Sandeman (London) V E Demidov (Muenster)D Sander (Halle) B Djafari-Rouhani (Lille)M Sawicki (Sendai/Warsaw) H A Dürr (Menlo Park)J Schaefer (Würzburg) J Fassbender (Dresden)H Schmidt (Wetzikon) J Fontcuberta (Barcelona)J Spałek (Kraków) V Garcia (Orsay)L Straka (Helsinki) J N Gonçalves (Aveiro)A Szewczyk (Warszawa) M E Gruner (Duisburg)Y Taguchi (Wako) G Gubbiotti (Perugia)A Thiaville

  7. 2015 Brainhack Proceedings

    R. Cameron Craddock

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Table of contents I1 Introduction to the 2015 Brainhack Proceedings R. Cameron Craddock, Pierre Bellec, Daniel S. Margules, B. Nolan Nichols, Jörg P. Pfannmöller A1 Distributed collaboration: the case for the enhancement of Brainspell’s interface AmanPreet Badhwar, David Kennedy, Jean-Baptiste Poline, Roberto Toro A2 Advancing open science through NiData Ben Cipollini, Ariel Rokem A3 Integrating the Brain Imaging Data Structure (BIDS standard into C-PAC Daniel Clark, Krzysztof J. Gorgolewski, R. Cameron Craddock A4 Optimized implementations of voxel-wise degree centrality and local functional connectivity density mapping in AFNI R. Cameron Craddock, Daniel J. Clark A5 LORIS: DICOM anonymizer Samir Das, Cécile Madjar, Ayan Sengupta, Zia Mohades A6 Automatic extraction of academic collaborations in neuroimaging Sebastien Dery A7 NiftyView: a zero-footprint web application for viewing DICOM and NIfTI files Weiran Deng A8 Human Connectome Project Minimal Preprocessing Pipelines to Nipype Eric Earl, Damion V. Demeter, Kate Mills, Glad Mihai, Luka Ruzic, Nick Ketz, Andrew Reineberg, Marianne C. Reddan, Anne-Lise Goddings, Javier Gonzalez-Castillo, Krzysztof J. Gorgolewski A9 Generating music with resting-state fMRI data Caroline Froehlich, Gil Dekel, Daniel S. Margulies, R. Cameron Craddock A10 Highly comparable time-series analysis in Nitime Ben D. Fulcher A11 Nipype interfaces in CBRAIN Tristan Glatard, Samir Das, Reza Adalat, Natacha Beck, Rémi Bernard, Najmeh Khalili-Mahani, Pierre Rioux, Marc-Étienne Rousseau, Alan C. Evans A12 DueCredit: automated collection of citations for software, methods, and data Yaroslav O. Halchenko, Matteo Visconti di Oleggio Castello A13 Open source low-cost device to register dog’s heart rate and tail movement Raúl Hernández-Pérez, Edgar A. Morales, Laura V. Cuaya A14 Calculating the Laterality Index Using FSL for Stroke Neuroimaging Data Kaori L. Ito, Sook-Lei Liew A15 Wrapping FreeSurfer 6 for use in

  8. Staff members with 25 years’ service at CERN in 2008

    2008-01-01

    The 47 staff members who have spent 25 years within CERN in 2008 were invited by the Director-General to a reception in their honour on 24 October. Mr.\tAllen\tDavid John\tAB Dr.\tBailey\tRoger\tAB Mr.\tBlas\tAlfred\tAB Mr.\tBobbio\tPiero\tAB Dr.\tBona\tMaurizio\tSC Mr.\tBrachet\tJean-Pierre\tTS Dr.\tBurckhart\tHelfried\tPH Miss\tButtay\tCatherine\tFI Mr.\tCatherall\tRichard\tAB Mr.\tCoin\tAndré-Yvon\tTS Dr.\tCornelis\tKarel\tAB Dr.\tDavenport\tMartyn\tPH Mr.\tDehavay\tClaude\tAB Mr.\tDenblyden\tJean-Loup\tPH Mr.\tDenis\tBernard\tDSU Mr.\tDuret\tMax\tAT Mr.\tEvans\tJohn\tIT Mrs.\tFavrot\tVéronique\tIT Mr.\tFowler\tAntony\tAB Mrs.\tGalmant\tCatherine\tAB Mr.\tGuillaume\tJean-Claude\tTS Mrs.\tJerdelet\tJocelyne\tDSU Dr.\tKostro\tKrzysztof\tAB Mr.\tKuczerowski\tJoseph\tAB Mr.\tLappe\tJean-Pierre\tTS Mrs.\tLaverrière\tCatherine\tSC Mr.\tLeggiero\tLuigi\tTS Mr.\tManglunki\tDjango\tAB Mr.\tMartens\tReinoud\tIT Mr.\tMartinez\tGeorges\tSC Mr.\tMonchalin\tPhilippe\tSC Mr.\tMoret\tPhilippe\tDSU Mr.\tOlesen\tGert\tPH Mr.\tPasinelli\tSergi...

  9. The employee's productivity in the health care sector in Poland and their impact on the treatment process of patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    Rosiek A

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Anna Rosiek,1,2 Aleksandra Rosiek-Kryszewska,3 Łukasz Leksowski,4 Tomasz Kornatowski,2 Krzysztof Leksowski2,5 1Ross-Medica, 2Faculty of Health Sciences, Public Health Department, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 3Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 4Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Rehabilitation, Nicolaus Copernicus University, 5Department of General Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Military Clinical Hospital in Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz, Poland Background: Increasing the engagement of employees in the treatment process of patients may benefit a hospital and employee productivity and may result in better patient care and satisfaction with medical services. Given this, the first step in improving the quality of patient care is better availability of doctors for patients in a hospital ward.Methods: The research for this paper was conducted in six health care units in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian province in Poland. The research assessed how the elements relating to employees’ behavior and things characteristic to medical service influence patients’ willingness to recommend a hospital.Results: Patients’ perception of services is linked with the behavior of medical employees and their engagement in the treatment process.Conclusion: Our research indicates that individual employee recognition and collective recognition of hospital employees as a whole were identified as the most important factors in employee engagement in the treatment process (employee productivity and patients’ satisfaction with medical service. Keywords: employee’s productivity, workplace interventions to enhance health, hospitals, organizational health, medical staff, public health

  10. Use of a radio frequency shield during 1.5 and 3.0 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging: experimental evaluation

    Favazza CP

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Christopher P Favazza, Deirdre M King, Heidi A Edmonson, Joel P Felmlee, Phillip J Rossman, Nicholas J Hangiandreou, Robert E Watson, Krzysztof R Gorny Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA Abstract: Radiofrequency (RF shields have been recently developed for the purpose of shielding portions of the patient's body during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI examinations. We present an experimental evaluation of a commercially available RF shield in the MRI environment. All tests were performed on 1.5 T and 3.0 T clinical MRI scanners. The tests were repeated with and without the RF shield present in the bore, for comparison. Effects of the shield, placed within the scanner bore, on the RF fields generated by the scanner were measured directly using tuned pick-up coils. Attenuation, by as much as 35 dB, of RF field power was found inside the RF shield. These results were supported by temperature measurements of metallic leads placed inside the shield, in which no measurable RF heating was found. In addition, there was a small, simultaneous detectable increase (~1 dB of RF power just outside the edges of the shield. For these particular scanners, the autocalibrated RF power levels were reduced for scan locations prescribed just outside the edges of the shield, which corresponded with estimations based on the pick-up coil measurements. Additionally, no significant heating during MRI scanning was observed on the shield surface. The impact of the RF shield on the RF fields inside the magnet bore is likely to be dependent on the particular model of the RF shield or the MRI scanner. These results suggest that the RF shield could be a valuable tool for clinical MRI practices. Keywords: radiofrequency shield, magnetic resonance imaging, radiofrequency attenuation

  11. Pan Kiehot Güntera Grassa w serii przekładowej. Naśladowanie, wyobraźnia, tłumaczenie

    Małgorzata Wesołowska

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pan Kiehot by Günter Grass is one of many literary incarnations of Cervantes’s Don Quijote. Grass created his hero in a double manner: the character exists in the poem Pan Kiehot, published in Gleisdreieck in 1960, and a fragment of a chapter in The Tin Drum, the novel published in 1959. The poem has been translated six times into Polish, by Jan Koprowski, Krzysztof Karasek, Bolesław Fac, Zdzisław Jaskuła, Wojciech Woźniak and Ryszard Sobieszczański, whereas The Tin Drum, only once, by Sławomir Błaut. The article analyses all the translations into Polish, as well as the translation into Kashubian by Jan Trepczyk, in the context of the notion of translation series and textualisation series, proposed by Marta Skwara, and with reference to theorists of quixotism, such as Arne Melberg, Josè Ortega y Gasset and Michel Foucault, as well as to German and Polish critics of Grass’s work. The author draws conclusions about the challenge of a different form of interpretation, multiplied interpretation, which is facing the reader of a translation or textualisation series. Every translator who works on a text that has been translated before, must face various anxieties: “the anxiety of influence”, which is often coupled by horror vacui, and fear of imperfect rendition of source-texts meanings (as described by Jerzy Jarniewicz. Thanks to translation series, and works that constitute textualisation series together with translations, Grass’s Pan Kiehot is inscribed in entirely new interpretative framework: each new translation, thus, constitutes a challenge for the translator and for the imagination of a reader of the series.

  12. Editorial

    Mirosław Pawlak

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The present issue of Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching marks exactly three years of existence of the journal. On the one hand, this has not been a very easy time, mainly because of the fact that, as is the case with any startup publication, it has been extremely difficult to obtain papers that would satisfy the stringent criteria of high-quality academic research, with the effect that the rejection rate has been extremely high, and finding the right reviewers has also often constituted a major challenge. On the other hand, the three years have also witnessed the rise of SSLLT in the field, as we have been privileged to publish papers by prominent scholars in the area of second language acquisition, well-known researchers have consented to act in the capacity of editors of special issues of the journal, and eminent figures have also agreed to review many of the submissions we have received. Equally importantly, there has been increasing interest in the papers we publish, which is evidenced in the growing numbers of downloads and citations, a clear advantage of having both a printed and an online version, the latter of which is accessible to everyone free of charge. I would like to take this opportunity to thank all those who have been involved in the production of the journal over these three years and have spent countless hours to make sure that the final product is each time up to standard. In particular, my sincere thanks go to assistants to the editor Anna Mystkowska-Wiertelak, Jakub Bielak, Mariusz Kruk and Krzysztof Kwiatkowski, our typesetter Piotr Bajak, as well as the authors and anonymous reviewers. Had it not been for their attention to detail, dedication, hard work and support, SSLLT would surely not have gained the position in the field it enjoys today.

  13. El Carreto o Cumulá - Aspidosperma Dugandii Standl El Carreto o Cumulá - Aspidosperma Dugandii Standl

    Dugand Armando

    1944-03-01

    Full Text Available Nombres vulgares: Carreto (Atlántico, Bolívar, Magdalena; Cumulá, Cumulá (Cundinamarca, ToIima. Según el Dr. Emilio Robledo (Lecciones de Bot. ed. 3, 2: 544. 1939 el nombre Carreto también es empleado en Puerto Berrío (Antioquia. El mismo autor (loc. cit. da el nombre Comulá para una especie indeterminada de Viburnum en Mariquita (Tolima y J. M. Duque, refiriendose a la misma planta y localidad (en Bot. Gen. Colomb. 340, 356. 1943 atribuye este nombre vulgar al Aspidosperma ellipticum Rusby.  Sin embargo, las muestras de madera de Cumulá o Comulá que yo he examinado, procedentes de la región de Mariquita -una de las cuales me fue recientemente enviada por el distinguido ictiólogo Sr. Cecil Miles- pertenecen sin duda alguna al A. Dugandii StandI. Por otra parte, Santiago Cortés (FI. Colomb. 206. 1898; ed, 2: 239. 1912 cita el Cumulá "de Anapoima y otros lugares del (rio Magdalena" diciendo que pertenece a las Leguminosas, pero la brevísima descripción que este autor hace de la madera "naranjada y notable por densidad, dureza y resistencia a la humedad", me induce a creer que se trata del mismo Cumula coleccionado recientemente en Tocaima, ya que esta población esta situada a pocos kilómetros de Anapoima. Nombres vulgares: Carreto (Atlántico, Bolívar, Magdalena; Cumulá, Cumulá (Cundinamarca, ToIima. Según el Dr. Emilio Robledo (Lecciones de Bot. ed. 3, 2: 544. 1939 el nombre Carreto también es empleado en Puerto Berrío (Antioquia. El mismo autor (loc. cit. da el nombre Comulá para una especie indeterminada de Viburnum en Mariquita (Tolima y J. M. Duque, refiriendose a la misma planta y localidad (en Bot. Gen. Colomb. 340, 356. 1943 atribuye este nombre vulgar al Aspidosperma ellipticum Rusby.  Sin embargo, las muestras de madera de Cumulá o Comulá que yo he examinado, procedentes de la región de Mariquita -una de las cuales me fue recientemente enviada por el distinguido ictiólogo Sr. Cecil Miles- pertenecen sin

  14. [Genetic variability of the bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum (Burkholderiales: Burholderiaceae) in the banana-growing region of Uraba (Colombia)].

    Cardozo, Carolina; Rodríguez, Paola; Cotes, José Miguel; Marín, Mauricio

    2010-03-01

    The banana moko disease, caused by the bacterium Ralstonia solanacearum, is one of the most important phytopathological problems of the banana agribusiness in tropical countries. In Uraba and Magdalena (Colombia), the main exporting regions of banana in Colombia, this disease causes a destruction estimated in 16.5 ha/year. The bacterium presents an extremely high level of genetic variation that affects control measures. This is the first study of its variation in Colombia and was done with AFLP molecular markers on a population of 100 isolates from banana plants, soils and "weeds". The high level of genetic diversity, with Nei and Shannon indexes of h=0.32 and I=0.48, respectively, and the AMOVA, showed that this population is subestructured (Fst=0.66): the host is the main factor of differentiation. Even so, previous tests show that all varieties have pathogenicity on Musa.

  15. BODIES WHICH ARE OPEN TO GIVE LIGHT

    Vanessa Daniele de Moraes

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article purposes a consideration on themes relevant to Jean-Luc Nancy’s theory, by means of two short-stories by Clarice Lispector, two poems – one by Manuel Bandeira and one by Cecília Meireles – and one movie by Alain Resnais. Concerning all these examples, the aim is to deal with issues related to meaning, body, absence, touch and the eroticism movement – and to investigate traces of the body denial as an absolute truth or as a closure of meaning in the female characters, since they sometimes behave themselves as saints, sometimes as whores. In Noli me tangere, an essay by Jean-Luc Nancy based on a Biblical episode, we become aware that the contact between resuscitated Jesus and Maria Magdalena does not actually happen – and this is a motive scene for composing a consideration on the chosen corpus.

  16. Study of gases in six geologic faults in the Narino Department

    Moran Rodriguez, C; Chica Sanchez, A; Garzon Valencia, G

    2001-01-01

    Radon-222 and Carbon Dioxide emissions on the Manchabajoy, Pasto, Buesaco, Guaitara, Ancuya and Magdalena geological faults in the Narino Department were studied. As example of environmental influences like rainfall on the gas emissions in the San Francisco station, located in the Manchabajoy, Ancuya and Guaitara faults intersection was presented. Another environmental perturbations, like air temperature and atmospheric pressure no varies too much and minimum influence gas emissions from soils. In the first semester of the 2000, several radon anomalies in six stations of the volcanological and seismological observatory of Pasto were registered. After cited Radon anomalies inhabitants of Pasto city filled a seismic swarm in July months, and probably a correlation between radon anomalies and detected seismic signals have to be taken into account

  17. Study of gases in six geologic faults in the Department of Narino

    Moran Rodriguez, C; Chica Sanchez, A; Garzon Valencia, G

    2001-01-01

    Radon-222 and carbon dioxide emissions on the Manchabajoy, Pasto, Buesaco, Guaitara, Ancuya and Magdalena geological faults in the Narino Department were studied. As example of environmental influences like rainfall on the gas emissions in the San Francisco Station, located in the Manchabajoy, Ancuya and Guaitara faults intersection was presented. Another environmental perturbations, like air temperature and atmospheric pressure no varies too much and minimum influence gas emissions from soils. In the first semester of the 2000, several radon anomalies in six stations of the volcanological and seismological observatory of Pasto were registered. After cited radon anomalies a seismic swarm were filled by inhabitants of Pasto City in July months, and probably a correlation between radon anomalies and detected seismic signals have to be taken into account

  18. Intoduction to the Issue (2011/2

    Wojciech HANUSZKIEWICZ

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Seven articles — out of the nine presented here to the Reader — undertake our leading theme: Tracing Liminal and Boundary Experience in Philosophical and Religious Discourse. Three articles from that group (written by Małgorzata Bogaczyk-Vormayr, Piotr Augustyniak and Anna Szyrwińskaexplore various aspects of the boundary experience in a historical perspective. The next four pick up the same theme in a contemporary perspective: the articles of Joachim Piecuch, Tadeusz Gadacz and Antoni Szwed discuss the philosophy of Józef Tischner, the article by Urszula Idziak presents the debate between Jacques Derrida and Paul Ricoeur concerning the boundary experience of death. The remaining two articles published here are not connected with the leading theme — Magdalena Nowak presents a history of the concept of Einfühlung and Jacquette Dale tries to improve the diagram method used in logical argument analysis.

  19. Condición somática de la almeja Polymesoda solida (Veneroidea: Corbiculidae durante el periodo lluvioso, enel Parque Natural Isla de Salamanca, Caribe colombiano

    María Virginia De La Hoz Aristizábal

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Se evaluó la condición somática de la almeja Polymesoda solida en tres lagunas del Parque Isla de Salamanca (abril a noviembre de 2004, durante el periodo lluvioso. En 60 individuos por laguna, se analizaron mensualmente índices de condición, rendimiento, relación talla-peso y madurez gonadal en fresco. También se midió salinidad, temperatura, pH, oxígeno disuelto, transparencia y profundidad del agua. Los mayores índices de condición coincidieron con descensos en el nivel del río Magdalena, especialmente en Poza Verde y El Torno. Estos índices fueron más altos en tallas entre 27mm y 33mm, donde también se ubicó la talla media de madurez sexual. En Poza Verde, laguna con mayor influencia del río, se presentaron los mayores índices de condición, rendimiento, peso húmedo y frecuencia de madurez, revelando una mejor condición de los organismos. El índice de condición (peso cuerpo/ peso concha presentó mayor coeficiente de regresión múltiple con la salinidad, pH y transparencia, sugiriendo la importancia del régimen hidrológico en su regulación. Las diferencias espaciales en las variables evaluadas, resaltan la necesidad de tener en cuenta la heterogeneidad de este tipo de estuarios para la conservación y manejo adecuado de la pesquería de P. solida.Somatic condition of the clam Polymesoda solida (Veneroidea: Corbiculidae in the rainy season of the Salamanca Island Natural Park, Colombian Caribbean. The estuarine clam Polymesoda solida is the main fishery resource in the Salamanca Island Natural Park. I sampled the clam in three interconnected lagoons (Poza Verde, El Torno and Atascosa during the rainy period (April to November 2004. Sixty individuals were monthly collected by hand on each lagoon; 30 to analyze two condition indexes (relationship between body and shell weight and between soft dry and wet weight, yield (meat percentage and length-weight relationships. Maturity of female gonad smears was assessed on the

  20. Hydroelectric resources. Inventory of the hydroelectric resources of the Atlantic Coast

    Arrieta, R.M.; Insignares R, G.

    1987-01-01

    Basically this report gives a clear vision of the possibilities of energy development in the Colombian Atlantic Coast, projects that contemplate a wide range as soon as it refers that is to say to generation ranges, they have been identified at level macro in the Sierra Nevada region and the Peasant with a profitable hydroelectric potential of 631 MW; in the Sinu region, 3 projects were identified with a profitable potential of 1186 MW and in the Magdalena region, was also identified 3 projects whose profitable potential is of 475 MW. At level micro, the carried out studies defined in the same previous regions a series of projects that they necessarily reach the megawatt. The report contains a description of each one of the identified projects and its current situation. It also presents a review of the makers of turbines that exist at the moment in the country

  1. Contribución al conocimiento de la reproducción de Podocnemis Lewyana Dumeril (Reptilia: Quelonia: Pelomedusidae

    Castaño Mora Olga Victoria

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia se encuentran 5 especies del Género Podocnemis : P. expansa, P. lewyana, P. sextuberculata , P. unifilis y P. vogli. De estas P. lewyana es la única que se encuentra en la zona Norte de nuestro país y es endémica para la región que abarca las hoyas del Magdalena y del Sinú.La presion human a la que esta sometida Podocnemis lewyana es muy fuerte, esto sumado a su endemismo, hace que su esperanza de supervivencia se reduzca aceleradamente ; los pescadores de la zona son unánimes en manifestar que su número disminuye notablemente, año tras año

  2. Contents of Cd, Cu and Zn in Rhizophora (mangrove and avicennia germinans of the Cienaga Grande de Santa Marta and Chengue bay, Colombian Caribbean coast

    Campos, Nestor Hernando; Gallo, Maria Cristina

    1997-01-01

    In order to determine concentration levels of some heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Zn) in leaves of the mangrove species Rhizophora mangle and Avicennia germinans, four samplings were made between March and December 1993, in two from the Magdalenas coast. Leaf material, sediments, and surface water were taken. Metal concentrations and organic matter content were measured from the leaves and sediments. Salinity, redox potential, and ph were determined from the water. Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry measured the metal contents in the samples. The general behavior of three metals in the two species was greatly influenced by the season. The comparison between the total metal contents at the two stations showed no statistically significant differences. In the large majority of cases the concentrations of the three metals were larger in A. germinans than in R. Mangle. Also, young leaves of both species had higher concentrations than old ones. The contents in the plant material and in the sediments showed the relation Cd < Cu < Zn both

  3. Hydroelectric resources. Inventory of the hydroelectric resources of the Atlantic Coast; Recursos hidroelectricos. Inventario de los recursos hidroelectricos de la Costa Atlantica

    Arrieta, R M; Insignares R, G

    1987-07-01

    Basically this report gives a clear vision of the possibilities of energy development in the Colombian Atlantic Coast, projects that contemplate a wide range as soon as it refers that is to say to generation ranges, they have been identified at level macro in the Sierra Nevada region and the Peasant with a profitable hydroelectric potential of 631 MW; in the Sinu region, 3 projects were identified with a profitable potential of 1186 MW and in the Magdalena region, was also identified 3 projects whose profitable potential is of 475 MW. At level micro, the carried out studies defined in the same previous regions a series of projects that they necessarily reach the megawatt. The report contains a description of each one of the identified projects and its current situation. It also presents a review of the makers of turbines that exist at the moment in the country.

  4. Territorio, Enfermedad y población en la producción da la Geografìa tropical colombiana, 1872-1934 *

    Álvaro Andrés Villegas Vélez

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The Colombian geographic imaginary has condensed into a series of representations that emphasize the tropical character of the nation and at the same time qualify it through a juxtaposition with the Andean region, which has been stripped of that character. In this article, we suggest that three axes frame the discussion of the tropics: nature, disease, and population. We analyze these axes in three different cases that are signifcant for being both tipical and singular: descriptions of Amazonian nature; medical geographies of disease in the Magdalena river valley; and the narratives regarding the Black population of the Colombian Pacifc region. In all these cases, the struggle for territorial appropriation is tied to the desire to know and defne it.

  5. Caracterización de la diversidad genética en el pez Brycon henni (Characiformes: Characidae en Colombia central por medio de marcadores RAPD

    Hermes Pineda Santis

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available El conocimiento sobre la diversidad genética de especies nativas de peces, es esencial para la conservación y manejo apropiado de animales en los programas de repoblación. Brycon henni ha sido reportada en las cuencas de los ríos Magdalena y Cauca; actualmente, la especie ha disminuido su número de animales y reducido su distribución geográfica como consecuencia de los efectos antrópicos. Por lo tanto, es necesario conocer el componente genético de los reducidos grupos de animales en los riachuelos, para iniciar algunos programas de repoblación. En este estudio el Polimorfismo de ADN Amplificado al Azar (RAPD, fue utilizado para estimar el componente genético actual en esta especie. Para este propósito; se evaluaron seis sitios de muestreo localizados en el departamento de Antioquia, cordillera Central de Colombia. De cuarenta iniciadores utilizados, treinta y cinco de ellos (87.5 % produjeron 1 466 fragmentos reproducibles y consistentes; 417 fueron considerados como fragmentos únicos, que permitieron discriminar entre las muestras de las cuencas de los ríos Magdalena (Humarada-1 y Humarada-2 y Cauca (Piedras, La Clara y Guaracú, sugiriendo que cada una es una unidad discreta. Esta diversidad en los resultados, según el sitio de muestreo y por las características de cada uno de ellos, posiblemente sugiere, que los efectos antrópicos como presión por pesca, construcción de embalses, deforestación y contaminación del agua, han contribuido al aislamiento de estos grupos de peces en las zonas de alta montaña. Brycon moorei y Colossoma macropomum, como grupos de control inter especifico, se ubicaron fuera del grupo general de B. henni, confirmando su clasificación taxonómica mediante datos morfológicos. La técnica de RAPD fue útil para conocer la diversidad genética y discriminar entre poblaciones de B. henni de diferente origen geográfico, ello permitiría realizar un plan apropiado de conservación y manejo en medio

  6. Multi-interdisciplinary evidence of the Holocene history of a cultivated flood plain area in the wetlands of northern Colombia

    Berrio, Juan Carlos; Boom, Arnoud; Botero, Pedro; Herrera, Luisa Fernanda; Hooghiemstra, Henry; Romero, Freddy; Sarmiento Gustavo

    2002-01-01

    An environmental reconstruction of the last 10,000 14 C years of a frequently flooded wetland ecosystem in the lower Magdalena Valley in northern Colombia is presented on the basis of a multi-disciplinary study of the sediments of the upper 15 m the core from Boquillas (74 degrade 33' E, 9 degrade 7' N; 20 m a.s.l.). We used the following studies: pollen, lithology, organic structures, clay mineralogy, soil and sediment geochemistry, and 013C values. The chronology is based on 13 AMS 14 C dates; of 7 samples the humid acid fractions were used in the case of seven samples. Pollen from local origin (swamps, open grass-rich vegetation, and gallery forest) shows the development of the wetland area. River-transported pollen from greater distance (dry forest, montane forest, Alnus) shows changes in river activity and reflects large-scale changes of climatic conditions in the Momposina basin

  7. Depresión y factores socio demográficos asociados en estudiantes universitarios de ciencias de la salud de una universidad publica (Colombia)*

    Ferrel Ortega, Robert F.; Celis Barros, Adela; Hernández Cantero, Olga

    2011-01-01

    Se trata de una investigación descriptiva, con diseño transversal, realizada con el objetivo identificar los niveles de depresión y factores sociodemográficos asociados, en 190 estudiantes de Psicología, Medicina, Odontología y Enfermería, de una Universidad Pública del Magdalena (35,8% hombres y 64,2% mujeres, media de 20,4 años y D.T. de 2,7). Se aplicó el "Inventario de Depresión de Beck" (BDI, Beck, Rush, Shaw y Emery, 1979) y se registraron datos sociodemográficos. Se halló que el 52% su...

  8. Violenica y trabajadores del petroleo

    Renan Vega Cantor

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In This article shows the research results which aims at proving the dramatic situation of a region in Colombia which has become one of the war scenarios, on the part of paramilitary groups, against leaders, social activists or political militants or dissidents. For the last 25 years, there have been a hundred killings or so of union workers linked with Worker's Union (USO and in order to understand this phenomenon, it is necessary to define the historic context and point out how Paramilitarism appeared and expanded throughout Magdalena Medio at the beginning of the 1980's, which was financed and sponsored by different sectors of the Colombian society. It is necessary to highlight that the attack against union workers is a crime against humanity, both in Colombia and the rest of the world.

  9. Molecular identification of Coccidioides immitis in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues from a Colombian patient.

    Canteros, Cristina E; Vélez H, Alejandro; Toranzo, Adriana I; Suárez-Alvarez, Roberto; Tobón O, Ángela; Jimenez A, María del Pilar; Restrepo M, Ángela

    2015-06-01

    Coccidioides immitis and C. posadasii are the etiologic agents of coccidioidomycosis, an endemic fungal disease of the Americas. In Colombia, this mycosis is uncommon, and only five cases, two of them imported, have been documented.By means of DNA sequencing, C. immitis was identified in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded archival tissues samples from the 5th Colombian patient diagnosed in 1997. The patient was born in Pinto, Department of Magdalena, and had never visited other geographic regions, a reason to consider that the mycosis had been acquired locally.This species is primarily found in California although it has been occasionally reported in other geographic areas such as Mexico and Brazil. This is the first indigenous report of C. immitis-associated coccidioidomycosis in a Colombian patient. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The International Society for Human and Animal Mycology.

  10. Fish farming of native species in Colombia: current situation and perspectives

    Cruz-Casallas, P. E.; Medina-Robles, V. M.; Velasco-Santamaria, Y. M.

    2011-01-01

    . The Colombian pisciculture is based on red Tilapia Oreochromis sp. (Linnaeus), Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum) and cachama blanca Piaractus brachypomus (Cuvier), which currently represent around 96% of the total national production. The remaining 4% comes from other farmed species such as bocachico......In Colombia and the rest of the world, the decrease in capture fisheries production has turned the aquaculture into an alternative source of protein for the populations food security as well as an important productive activity, generating employment and income for the rural communities...... Prochilodus magdalenae (Steindachner), carp Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus) and yamu Brycon amazonicus (Spix & Agassiz). From the three main fish species, cachama blanca is the only native species, which has shown excellent performance in pond farming due to its rusticity, omnivorous habits, docility, meat quality...

  11. Palma de aceite y desplazamiento forzado en Zona Bananera: “trayectorias” entre recursos naturales y conflicto.

    Juanita Goebertus Estrada.

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the mechanisms through which the transition from banana to oil palm plantations in Zona Bananera, Magdalena, has been influential in forced displacement. Therefore it adds to the debate about the paths between resources and conflict in the literature on political economy of internal armed conflicts. The outcome of this qualitative research suggests that in the case in question the following “pathways” have operated: 1. The absence of a strong institutional presence has permitted the collection of extortions by illegal armed groups allowing their financing and generating forced displacement as a consequence of the threats; 2. The transition from banana to palm extraction reduced the intensity of manual labor and food security unleashing displacement processes; and 3. The institutional incentives for oil palm exploitation have promoted the usurpation of land by illegal armed actors who provoke the displacement in order to acquire land for their cultivation.

  12. Mapping thunder sources by inverting acoustic and electromagnetic observations

    Anderson, J. F.; Johnson, J. B.; Arechiga, R. O.; Thomas, R. J.

    2014-12-01

    We present a new method of locating current flow in lightning strikes by inversion of thunder recordings constrained by Lightning Mapping Array observations. First, radio frequency (RF) pulses are connected to reconstruct conductive channels created by leaders. Then, acoustic signals that would be produced by current flow through each channel are forward modeled. The recorded thunder is considered to consist of a weighted superposition of these acoustic signals. We calculate the posterior distribution of acoustic source energy for each channel with a Markov Chain Monte Carlo inversion that fits power envelopes of modeled and recorded thunder; these results show which parts of the flash carry current and produce thunder. We examine the effects of RF pulse location imprecision and atmospheric winds on quality of results and apply this method to several lightning flashes over the Magdalena Mountains in New Mexico, USA. This method will enable more detailed study of lightning phenomena by allowing researchers to map current flow in addition to leader propagation.

  13. Una vida atormentada y contradictoria: Eduardo Arias Suárez

    Adel López Gómez

    1965-07-01

    Full Text Available El señor Constantino, personaje central, casi único de Bajo la luna negra, dice en uno de sus frecuentes desvaríos: "Entonces yo volví a ser yo mismo, cuando tenía. solo veinte añios. Hijo de la tierra ardiente que me tostaba la cara y me atropellaba la sangre en las arterias; cazador de jaguares en las montañas del Quindío; nadador intrépido en las aguas del Magdalena; domador de caballos y de mujeres; cantador de bambucos y as del trago, de la baraja y del cuchillo. Yo tenía mucho de la selva en las venas, y mi tierra es abrupta y áspera, con rotundidacles de abismo y de montaña".

  14. Urabá y las relaciones laborales: paz armada y resistencia desde la civilidad

    Antonio José Madarriaga

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se analiza cómo han podido producirse, en medio del control paramilitar y el asedio de la guerrilla de las FARC, en la mayoría de los municipios del llamado Eje Bananero en Urabá, avances significativos del Sindicato Sintrainagro de los trabajadores bananeros en Urabá y en la zona bananera del Magdalena. De la misma manera se identifican características de las relaciones laborales, que se consideran avanzadas para el país, tanto temática como funcionalmente, al punto que una comisión conjunta de empresarios del banano y dirigentes de los trabajadores ha participado de la discusión y movilización alrededor de los aranceles del banano. La pregunta en ese caso es, cuáles son las condiciones para que se den tan significativas coincidencias, entre el capital y el trabajo.

  15. Role of sleep quality in the metabolic syndrome

    Koren D

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Dorit Koren,1,2 Magdalena Dumin,1 David Gozal2,3 1Section of Adult and Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, 2Section of Pediatric Sleep Medicine, 3Section of Pulmonology, Department of Pediatrics, Pritzker School of Medicine, Biological Sciences Division, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA Abstract: Emerging evidence has assigned an important role to sleep as a modulator of metabolic homeostasis. The impact of variations in sleep duration, sleep-disordered breathing, and chronotype to cardiometabolic function encompasses a wide array of perturbations spanning from obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, the metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease risk and mortality in both adults and children. Here, we critically and extensively review the published literature on such important issues and provide a comprehensive overview of the most salient pathophysiologic pathways underlying the links between sleep, sleep disorders, and cardiometabolic functioning. Keywords: sleep apnea, circadian clock, insulin resistance, obesity, cardiovascular risk

  16. LIDERAZGO FORMATIVO Y DESARROLLO SOSTENIBLE DE LA CALIDAD DE LA EDUCACIÓN

    Álvaro Rodríguez Akle

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo contiene los resultado de una investigación cualitativa acerca de los procesos institucionales que contribuyen a la promoción del liderazgo formativo que conduzca a un cambio sostenible de la calidad de la educación en las organizaciones escolares en el marco de su contexto sociocultural. La selección de este caso se realiza atendiendo la capacidad de innovación, adaptación y los procesos de desarrollo de la calidad de la educación y liderazgo sostenida por la institución seleccionada durante un largo período, reconocida por la comunidad y el gobierno distrital de Santa Marta, departamental del Magdalena y nacional de Colombia.

  17. Analysis of digestive tract content of the larvae of Polybia scutellaris (White (Hymenoptera, Vespidae

    Victoria Lilian Fernández Corujo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Polybia scutellaris (White, 1841 is a social wasp of biological interest for its role as pollinator and maybe as biological control agent of sanitary and agricultural pests. This study examines the digestive tract contents of the larvae of P. scutellaris from four nests in Magdalena (Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Contents included both animal (arthropod parts and plant (pollen, leaf and fruit epidermis parts. The pollen content analysis showed that the wasps visited 19 different taxa of plants during the last active period of the colony before the nests had been collected. The range of sources used by P. scutellaris allows us characterizing the species as a generalist flower visitor. Wasps visited both native and exotic plants located nearby the nest. Most of the epidermal plant remains found in the larval digestive tract belonged to Malvaceae, a family not exploited by the studied colonies as pollen source.

  18. Capital cultural versus dom inato: questionando sociologicamente a trajetória musical de compositores e intérpretes brasileiros

    Rita de Cássia Fucci Amato

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze sociologically the cultural constitution of the familiar atmosphere of eight Brazilian erudite and popular musicians (Almeida Prado, Carlos Gomes, Chico Buarque, João Bosco, Magdalena Tagliaferro, Milton Nascimento, Tom Jobim e Villa-Lobos. Making use of their statements and biographies as research material, I will analyze their trajectories under the light of the concept of cultural capital, developed by French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. Therefore, this article delineates the role of the family in setting up the first musical environment of an individual, offering a critical perspective on the idea of musical gift, or innate talent, and suggesting that the development of artistic abilities is socially constructed.

  19. The inspiration of astronomical phenomena (INSAP). Proceedings. Conference, Rocca di Papa (Italy), 27 Jun - 2 Jul 1994.

    The papers concern the inspiration provided by astronomy to the fields of art, philosophy, religion and various human cultures. Individual papers cover the following topics: the Qur'anic conception of astronomical phenomena on Islamic civilization, the Milky Way and society, the mythology and ritual of India, the Varanasi Sun temples, celestial bodies meanings in pre-Hispanic Mexico, the celestial basis of civilization, Mexican eclipse imagery, Chinese dynastic ideology - astrological origins, NW Europe stone rows, stars and seasons in southern Africa, the Pleiades and Hesperides, stars and philosophy, the search for extraterrestrial life, the significance of the pre-Copernican revolution, Judaeo-Christian revelation, Maria Magdalena - the Morning Star, Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, stellar poetry, John Bauer's star-spangled fairy-tale world, Polish romantic poetry, the expansion of astronomical horizons, recent comet research and ancient sky implications, civilization Spenglerian model and punctuational crises, Anaxagoras and the scientist/laity interaction.

  20. Nuevas observaciones sobre un tercer foco de fiebre petequial en el hemisferio americano

    Luis Patiño Camargo

    1941-11-01

    Full Text Available Se ha localizado un foco endémico de Rickettsiasis y se ha denominado fiebre petequial de Tobia, en el interior de Colombia, en zona rural calida de la hoya del Magdalena, a 118 kilómetros de Bogotá. La comarca es fértil, pero las condiciones de vida humana son precarias. El índice de mortalidad por la fiebre petequial de Tobia, es de 95%. Ocurre principalmente en individuos de 20 a 29 años de edad, sin distincion de sexos. Hay epidemias familiares. Las gentes considerando que el contagio reside en las chozas y enseres, cuando se repiten las muertes, incineran las viviendas. Abundan ectoparásitos humanos y animales.

  1. Automatic solar image motion measurements. [electronic disk flux monitoring

    Colgate, S. A.; Moore, E. P.

    1975-01-01

    The solar seeing image motion has been monitored electronically and absolutely with a 25 cm telescope at three sites along the ridge at the southern end of the Magdalena Mountains west of Socorro, New Mexico. The uncorrelated component of the variations of the optical flux from two points at opposite limbs of the solar disk was continually monitored in 3 frequencies centered at 0.3, 3 and 30 Hz. The frequency band of maximum signal centered at 3 Hz showed the average absolute value of image motion to be somewhat less than 2sec. The observer estimates of combined blurring and image motion were well correlated with electronically measured image motion, but the observer estimates gave a factor 2 larger value.

  2. Genetic structure of local populations of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) in central Colombia.

    Munstermann, L E; Morrison, A C; Ferro, C; Pardo, R; Torres, M

    1998-01-01

    Lutzomyia longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva), the sand fly vector of American visceral leishmaniasis in the New World tropics, has a broad but discontinuous geographical distribution from southern Mexico to Argentina. A baseline for population genetic structure and genetic variability for this species was obtained by analyzing 5 local, peridomestic populations at the approximate center of its distribution, the Magdalena River Valley of central Colombia. Three populations of L. longipalpis from El Callejón, a small rural community, were compared with 2 populations from neighboring areas 12 and 25 km distant for genetic variation at 15 isoenzyme loci. The mean heterozygosity ranged from 11 to 16%, with 1.2 to 2.3 alleles detected per locus. Nei's genetic distances among the populations were very low, ranging from 0.001 to 0.007. Gene flow estimates based on FST indicated high levels of gene flow among local L. longipalpis populations, with minimal population substructuring.

  3. Morfología de la semilla y anatomía de la cubierta seminal de cinco especies de Calliandra (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae de Venezuela

    Sirli Leython

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la morfología de las semillas y la anatomía de la cubierta seminal en cinco especies venezolanas del género Calliandra, con la finalidad de establecer similitudes y diferencias entre estos taxa, para su utilización como criterio taxonómico. Se analizaron caracteres morfológicos de valor taxonómico; entre ellos la forma y el tamaño de la semilla, así como anatómicos tales como espesor de las diferentes regiones, la ubicación de la línea lúcida y el tamaño relativo de los espacios intercelulares en la hipodermis. Con los resultados se realizaron análisis de agrupamiento por medio de la función de análisis discriminante. Diez caracteres cuantitativos, y tres caracteres cualitativos, resultaron informativos para la separación de especies.Seed morphology and anatomy of the seed coat in five species of Calliandra (Leguminosae-Mimosoideae from Venezuela. Calliandra is an exclusively Neotropoical genus with 135 described species. There are 30 species in Venezuela. We studied seed morphology and the seed coat anatomy of five species: Calliandra riparia Pittier, Calliandra glomerulata Karsten var. glomerulata, Calliandra magdalenae (DC. Benth. var. magdalenae, Calliandra surinamensis Benth. and Calliandra falcata Benth., to establish simililarities and differences amongst taxa for taxonomic characterization. Of the evaluated characters, 10 quantitative characters and 3 qualitative characters were selected as the most informative for the separation of species. Seed morphological characters of taxonomic value are form and size. Thickness of the light line, number of layers and space between the osteosclereids constitute distinctive characters. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (3: 1075-1086. Epub 2008 September 30.

  4. Towards a systemic assessment of environmental impact (SAEI regarding alternative hydrosedimentological management practice in the Canal del Dique, Colombia

    Leonel Vega Mora

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The Canal del Dique, located on the Colombian Caribbean Coast, can be seen as an "artificial" branch of the River Magdalena. Since its inception in 1650, it has undergone a series of interventions aimed at optimising river navigation between Cartagena and the interior of the country, little consideration having been paid to institutional, economic, social and environmental impacts.This paper presents a systemic assessment of environmental impact (SAEI methodology, based on systemic parameterisation of the environment, proposed by Vega [2011], for the strategic environmental assessment of policy, plans, programmes or large-scale projects, considering a case study of the Canal del Dique environmental rehabilitation as proposed by the Colombian government.Information arising from the framework of an inter-administrative agreement between the Universidad Nacional de Colombia and the Regional Autonomous Corporation for the Rio Grande de la Magdalena (CORMAGDALENA was used for studying the environmental restoration of and navigation in the Canal del Dique [UN-LEH, 2008]. The authors developed and summarised SAEI regarding six alternatives for hydrosedimentological management in the canal to obtain results concerning environmental impairment or improvement regarding each factor considered, and the degree of aggressiveness or betterment involved in each alternative.Alternative 4, an enhanced version of current condition (ECC would have produced the greatest environmental benefit (i.e. limited dredging plus optimising channel-wetland interconnection requiring the narrowing of three straight reaches along the canal and the construction of a sluice-gate system in the Strait of Paracuica (near the town of El Recreo.

  5. DISTRIBUCIÓN POTENCIAL DE Podocnemis lewyana (REPTILIA:PODOCNEMIDIDAE Y SU POSIBLE FLUCTUACIÓN BAJO ESCENARIOS DE CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO GLOBAL

    Carlos Ortiz-Yusty

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available En este estudio se implementó el modelaje de distribución de especies para establecer el rango de distribución potencial de Podocnemis lewyana, explorar los componentes del clima que pueden influenciar dicha distribución y evaluar posibles fluctuaciones de su distribución bajo escenarios de clima futuro. Los modelos obtenidos predicen una distribución continua de sur a norte por todo el río Magdalena, desde los municipios de Rivera y Palermo en el departamento de Huila, hasta los departamentos de Atlántico y Magdalena en el norte. La temperatura fue el elemento del clima que más influyó en la distribución de P. lewyana; esta especie tiende a estar presente en climas cálidos y con poca variabilidad en la temperatura. El modelo de distribución transferido a los escenarios de clima futuro predicen un aumento en el rango geográfico de P. lewyana. Sin embargo, teniendo en cuenta las preferencias de hábitat de esta especie y su fuerte asociación con los cuerpos de agua, este resultado debe tomarse con cautela, dado que el modelo solo tuvo en cuenta variables climáticas terrestres. Dadas las características de historia de vida de esta especie (presencia de determinación sexual dependiente de la temperatura, alta temperatura pivotal y un rango de transición de temperatura muy estrecho, y el efecto negativo de los cambios en los regímenes hidrológicos en la mortalidad embrionaria, la expansión del área potencial de P. lewyana en el futuro no significa que esta especie no vaya a verse afectada por el cambio climático global.

  6. Current state of knowledge of the concentration of mercury and other heavy metals in fresh water fish in Colombia

    Mancera Rodriguez, Nestor Javier; Alvarez Leon, Ricardo

    2006-01-01

    One of the most important environmental problems in the country refers to the indiscriminate use of chemical precursors in illicit activities, the use of heavy metals as mercury in mining activities, the spill of served waters and another type of compound related with the industrial activities of raw and the inadequate agricultural practices. This has led to chemical contamination especially by heavy metals, considered one of the most dangerous for the aquatic ecosystems and the present species in them. Fish have the capacity to store these compounds in their organism in a concentration higher than that in the surrounding environment (water), therefore, their concentration are important indicators of the contamination level, but also this implies that their consumption can become a serious health problem for the populations that feeds from them. The concentration of heavy metals in fish of fresh water is better known in the basin of the Magdalena river, especially in the region of the Mojana and in the marshes of the south of the department of Bolivar where the levels of contamination by mercury and other metals has been studied due to the development of multiple industrial activities, including gold mining and petrochemical industries. However, little is known in the country about the problem generated by the disposal heavy metals in rivers and lakes and their impact on the fish resource, deterioration of ecosystems and human health. Based in the current norms bio-assays have been used to check the effects of the aquatic contamination on fresh waters fish and the evaluation of at least three parameters (heavy metals, temperature, effluents) in eight species of fresh waters fish: carassius auratus, oreochromis spp., piractus brachypomus, prochilodus magdalenae, astyanax fasciatus, colossoma bidens, gambusia affinis and grundulus bogotensis

  7. Olvido y memoria en Santa Marta, Colombia: El punto ciego de la esclavitud

    Véronique Benei

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En este capítulo se trata de memorias - y obliteraciones - de la esclavitud en la ciudad de Santa Marta, Magdalena, en Colombia. Desde la perspectiva de la antropología histórica, se investigan las maneras en qué la historia y la práctica de la esclavitud parecen poco “recordadas” en esa ciudad, a pesar de haber sido un comercio comprobado y efectuado hasta el siglo XIX. Asimismo, se explora la articulación de estas obliteraciones memoriales con la utilización cotidiana, hoy en día, del registro discursivo de la esclavitud. Esta utilización ocurre en contextos muy variados, desde lo doméstico a la esfera del trabajo, y más sobre todo en el campo económico. Para terminar, se proponen varias hipótesis en cuanto a esta resurgencia discursiva.Palabras Clave: Santa Marta; Esclavitud; Comercio de esclavos.Social ethics and the dignity of human life: epistemic reach in societyAbstractThis chapter is about memories - and obliterations – of slavery in the city of Santa Marta, Magdalena, Colombia. From the perspective of historical anthropology, it investigates the ways in which the history and practice of slavery seem less “remembered” in that city, although it was a proved trade, and carried out during the nineteenth century. It also explores the articulation of these memorial obliterations, concerning nowadays the discursive speech of slavery. This usage occurs in diverse circumstances, such as the domestic environment and the sphere of work, and mainly in the economic atmosphere. Finally, we propose several hypotheses regarding this resurgence discourse.Keywords: Slavery; Santa Marta; slave trade.

  8. Current State of Knowledge of the Concentration of Mercury and Other Heavy Metals in Fresh Water Fish in Colombia

    Néstor Javier Mancera-Rodríguez

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important environmental problems in the country refers to the indiscriminate use of chemical precursors in illicit activities, the use of heavy metals as mercury in mining activities, the spill of served waters and another type of compound related with the industrial activities of raw and the inadequate agricultural practices. This has led to chemical contamination especially by heavy metals, considered one of the most dangerous for the aquatic ecosystems and the present species in them. Fish have the capacity to store these compounds in their organism in a concentration higher important indicators of the contamination level, but also this implies that their consumption can become a serious health problem for the populations that feeds from them. The concentration of heavy metals in fish of fresh water is better known in the basin of the Magdalena river, especially in the region of the Mojana and in the marshes of the south of the Department of Bolivar where the levels of contamination by mercury and other metals has been studied due to the development of multiple industrial activities, including gold mining and petrochemical industries. However, little is known in the country about the problem generated by the disposal heavy metals in rivers and lakes and their impact on the fish resource, deterioration of ecosystems and human health. Based in the current norms bio-assays have been used to check the effects of the aquatic contamination on fresh waters fish and the evaluation of at least three parameters (heavy metals, temperature, effluents in eight species of fresh waters fish: Carassius auratus, Oreochromis spp., Piractus brachypomus, Prochilodus magdalenae, Astyanax fasciatus, Colossoma bidens, Gambusia affinis and Grundulus bogotensis.

  9. Synthesis of antimicrobial silver nanoparticles through a photomediated reaction in an aqueous environment

    Banasiuk R

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Rafał Banasiuk,1,* Joanna E Frackowiak,2,* Marta Krychowiak,1 Marta Matuszewska,1 Anna Kawiak,1 Magdalena Ziabka,3 Zofia Lendzion-Bielun,4 Magdalena Narajczyk,5 Aleksandra Krolicka1 1Department of Biotechnology, Intercollegiate Faculty of Biotechnology, University of Gdansk and Medical University of Gdansk, 2Department of Pathophysiology, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, 3Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, Department of Ceramics and Refractories, AGH-University of Science and Technology, Kraków, 4Institute of Chemical and Environment Engineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, 5Faculty of Biology, Laboratory of Electron Microscopy, University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: A fast, economical, and reproducible method for nanoparticle synthesis has been developed in our laboratory. The reaction is performed in an aqueous environment and utilizes light emitted by commercially available 1 W light-emitting diodes (λ =420 nm as the catalyst. This method does not require nanoparticle seeds or toxic chemicals. The irradiation process is carried out for a period of up to 10 minutes, significantly reducing the time required for synthesis as well as environmental impact. By modulating various reaction parameters silver nanoparticles were obtained, which were predominantly either spherical or cubic. The produced nanoparticles demonstrated strong antimicrobial activity toward the examined bacterial strains. Additionally, testing the effect of silver nanoparticles on the human keratinocyte cell line and human peripheral blood mononuclear cells revealed that their cytotoxicity may be limited by modulating the employed concentrations of nanoparticles. Keywords: antimicrobial activity, green synthesis, nanocubes, nanospheres 

  10. Jaguar Densities across Human-Dominated Landscapes in Colombia: The Contribution of Unprotected Areas to Long Term Conservation.

    Valeria Boron

    Full Text Available Large carnivores such as jaguars (Panthera onca are species of conservation concern because they are suffering population declines and are keystone species in their ecosystems. Their large area requirements imply that unprotected and ever-increasing agricultural regions can be important habitats as they allow connectivity and dispersal among core protected areas. Yet information on jaguar densities across unprotected landscapes it is still scarce and crucially needed to assist management and range-wide conservation strategies. Our study provides the first jaguar density estimates of Colombia in agricultural regions which included cattle ranching, the main land use in the country, and oil palm cultivation, an increasing land use across the Neotropics. We used camera trapping across two agricultural landscapes located in the Magdalena River valley and in the Colombian llanos (47-53 stations respectively; >2000 trap nights at both sites and classic and spatially explicit capture-recapture models with the sex of individuals as a covariate. Density estimates were 2.52±0.46-3.15±1.08 adults/100 km2 in the Magdalena valley, whereas 1.12±0.13-2.19±0.99 adults/100 km2 in the Colombian llanos, depending on analysis used. We suggest that jaguars are able to live across unprotected human-use areas and co-exist with agricultural landscapes including oil-palm plantations if natural areas and riparian habitats persist in the landscape and hunting of both jaguar and prey is limited. In the face of an expanding agriculture across the tropics we recommend land-use planning, adequate incentives, regulations, and good agricultural practices for range-wide jaguar connectivity and survival.

  11. Upper and Middle Crustal Velocity Structure of the Colombian Andes From Ambient Noise Tomography: Investigating Subduction-Related Magmatism in the Overriding Plate

    Poveda, Esteban; Julià, Jordi; Schimmel, Martin; Perez-Garcia, Nelson

    2018-02-01

    New maps of S velocity variation for the upper and middle crust making up the northwestern most corner of South America have been developed from cross correlation of ambient seismic noise at 52 broadband stations in the region. Over 1,300 empirical Green's functions, reconstructing the Rayleigh wave portion of the seismic wavefield, were obtained after time and frequency-domain normalization of the ambient noise recordings and stacking of 48 months of normalized data. Interstation phase and group velocity curves were then measured in the 6-38 s period range and tomographically inverted to produce maps of phase and group velocity variation in a 0.5° × 0.5° grid. Velocity-depth profiles were developed for each node after simultaneously inverting phase and group velocity curves and combined to produce 3-D maps of S velocity variation for the region. The S velocity models reveal a 7 km thick sedimentary cover in the Caribbean region, the Magdalena Valley, and the Cordillera Oriental, as well as crustal thicknesses in the Pacific and Caribbean region under 35 km, consistent with previous studies. They also display zones of slow velocity at 25-35 km depth under regions of both active and inactive volcanism, suggesting the presence of melts that carry the signature of segmented subduction into the overriding plate. A low-velocity zone in the same depth range is imaged under the Lower Magdalena Basin in the Caribbean region, which may represent either sublithospheric melts ponding at midcrustal levels after breaching through a fractured Caribbean flat slab or fluid migration through major faults within the Caribbean crust.

  12. UNA MIRADA A LA VIOLENCIA QUE LEEN LOS SAMARIOS

    Grace Angeline Morales Urueta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Esta investigación, de carácter cuantitativo, se orientó a observar la violencia en el contenido de las noticias locales del Distrito de Santa Marta publicadas en los diarios: El Informador, Hoy Diario del Magdalena, Ajá y Qué y Al Día. El análisis caracterizó la violencia Directa, Cultural y Estructural en los espacios en los que se desarrolla: Naturaleza, Hombre y Sociedad, de acuerdo a la Teoría sobre las estructuras de violencia en la sociedad de Johan Galtung; para el análisis de la estructura del texto se utilizó el planteamiento de Teun Van Dijk. Los resultados indican que los hechos de violencia se registraron en mayor proporción en el espacio de los Hombres con actos que tipifican Violencia directa; seguidamente la Sociedad con hechos de Violencia estructural y en el escenario de la Naturaleza acciones violentas de tipo cultural. Abstract This quantitative research was aimed to observe the level of violence in the local news content of the District of Santa Marta, published in newspapers such as: El Informador, Hoy Diario del Magdalena, Ajá y Qué, and Al Día. The analysis characterized the cultural and structural direct violence among the spaces where it usually develops: Nature, Man and Society, according to the theory about the structures of violence in society by Johan Galtung, for the analysis of text structure the approach of Teun Van Dijk was used. Results indicate that the violent events that occurred in greater proportion were observed in environments of humans whose acts constitute direct violence, followed by society, whose acts constitute structural violence, and finally nature, whose acts constitute cultural violence.

  13. Ictiotoxismo por consumo de barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda y morena manchada (Gymnothorax moringa en la comunidad de pescadores artesanales de Tasajera, caribe colombiano

    Juan Diego Gaitán Espitia

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ResumenSe estudió un evento de ictiotoxismo en la comunidad de pescadores de la población de Tasajera, departamento del Magdalena. La intoxicación por ciguatera fue diagnosticada a 7 individuos cuyas edades oscilaban entre los 17 y 53 años (63,4% de rango de edades de los pescadores del sector, con síntomas de vómito (100%, dolor muscular en miembros inferiores (71,4%, espasmos abdominales (85,7%, diarrea (100%, entumecimiento y hormigueo de cara, manos, pies (85,7%, mareo (100%, y brote cutáneo (14,2%, los síntomas en la mayoría de los casos desaparecieron en un lapso de 8 a 12 días. Se determinó como causa principal del evento de ciguatera el consumo de carne de barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda y morena (Gymnothorax moringa. (Duazary 2007; 2: 160 - 167AbstractAn icthyotoxism event was studied in the Tasajera fishermen’s community, department of Magdalena. The ciguatera intoxication was diagnosed to 7 individuals whose ages were ranging between 17 and 53 years (63,4 %, with symptoms of vomit (100 %, muscular pain in low members (71,4 %, abdominal spasms (85,7 %, diarrhea (100 %, numbness and tingling of face, hands, feet (85,7 %, sickness (100 %, and cutaneous outbreak (14,2 %, the symptoms in the majority of the cases disappeared in a space from 8 to 12 days. The consumption of the barracuda (Sphyraena barracuda spotted moray (Gymnothorax moringa meat was determined as principal source of the ciguatera event.Key words: Icthyotoxism; Ciguatera; Intoxication; Colombian Caribbean.

  14. Innovative enclosure dome/observing aperture system design for the MROI Array Telescopes

    Busatta, A.; Marchiori, G.; Mian, S.; Payne, I.; Pozzobon, M.

    2010-07-01

    The close-pack array of the MROI necessitated an original design for the Unit Telescope Enclosure (UTE) at Magdalena Ridge Observatory. The Magdalena Ridge Observatory Interferometer (MROI) is a project which comprises an array of up to ten (10) 1.4m diameter mirror telescopes arranged in a "Y" configuration. Each of these telescopes will be housed inside a Unit Telescope Enclosure (UTE) which are relocatable onto any of 28 stations. The most compact configuration includes all ten telescopes, several of which are at a relative distance of less than 8m center to center from each other. Since the minimum angle of the field of regard is 30° with respect to the horizon, it is difficult to prevent optical blockage caused by adjacent UTEs in this compact array. This paper presents the design constraints inherent in meeting the requirement for the close-pack array. An innovative design enclosure was created which incorporates an unique dome/observing aperture system. The description of this system focuses on how the field of regard requirement led to an unique and highly innovative concept that had to be able to operate in the harsh environmental conditions encountered at an altitude of 10,460ft (3,188m). Finally, we describe the wide use of composites materials and structures (e.g. glass/carbon fibres, sandwich panels etc.) on the aperture system which represents the only way to guarantee adequate thermal and environmental protection, compactness, structural stability and limited power consumption due to reduced mass.

  15. Características de las instalaciones adaptadas

    Editorial, Equipo

    1968-11-01

    Full Text Available A number of secondary adaptations were carried out at some of the Olympic installations. These included the improvement of the spectator seats, zones for the information services, increase in the number of wash rooms, so that the Olympic formal requirements could be met at the following specific Olympic sites: The Mexico Arena, for the boxing competitions; the Avandaro & Campo Marte, for the riding competitions; the Azteca Stadium, for football; the Auditorio Nacional, for gymnastics; the Estadio Municipal y Secundario de la «Magdalena Mixhuca », for hockey; the Teatro de los Insurgentes, for weightlif ting ; the Pista Hielo Insurgentes, for wrestling; Club de Yates at Acapulco, for sailing; Pista Hielo Revolución, for volleyball; and the Piscina de la Ciudad Universitaria, for water polo.Se hicieron una serie de adaptaciones secundarias: mejora de los asientos para espectadores, creación de zonas para los servicios de información, ampliación del número de cancelas y aseos, etcétera, de modo que satisficiesen los requisitos olímpicos reglamentarios en las siguientes instalaciones ya existentes: El Arena México, para la celebración de los combates de boxeo; el Avándaro y Campo Marte, para las pruebas ecuestres; Estadio Azteca, fútbol; Auditorio Nacional, gimnasia; Estadio Municipal y Secundarios de la «Magdalena Mixhuca», hockey; Teatro de los Insurgentes, levantamiento de pesas; Pista Hielo Insurgentes, lucha; Club de Yates en Acapulco, vela; Pista Hielo Revolución, balonvolea, y Piscina de la Ciudad Universitaria, water-polo.

  16. Urban Flood Risk Assessment Under Uncertain Conditions and Scarce Information

    Rodríguez-Gaviria, E. M.; Botero-Fernandez, V.

    2015-12-01

    Flood risk management in small urban areas in Colombia has a great degree of uncertainty due to the low availability and quality of data, the non-existent personnel qualified in the collection and processing of data, and the insufficient information to evaluate the risk and vulnerability. It is because of this that two methods are developed: one for the generation of flood threat maps for different return periods combining historical, geomorphological, and hydrological hydraulic methods assisted by remote sensors and SIG through the use of data acquired through field campaigns, official hydrological networks, orthophotos, multitemporal topographic maps, and ASTER, STRM, and LiDAR images. And another method in which categorical variables are established, linking local physical, social, economical, environmental and political-institutional factors that are explored through different media such as reports, news, databases, transects, interviews, community workshops, and surveys conducted at homes. Such variables were included within an analysis of multiple correspondence to conduct a descriptive study of the exposure, susceptibility, and capacity conditions and to create a vulnerability index that was spatially plotted spatially on maps. The uncertainty is reduced in the measure in which local knowledge is used as a source of information acquisition, of validation of what already exists, and of calibration of the proposed methods. This research was applied to the urban centers of Caucasia (Antioquia) and Plato (Magdalena), which have been historically affected by slow flooding of the Magdalena and Cauca river, it being especially useful in the selection of best alternatives for risk management, planning for development, and land use management, with the possibility of replicating it to benefit other municipalities that experience the same reality.

  17. Estudios genéticos en las comunidades indígenas del nororiente colombiano

    Humberto Ossa

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan las frecuencias génicas de los grupos sanguíneos ABO, Rh, Kell, Duffy, Kidd, Diego y MNSs en las siete comunidades que viven en el nororiente columbiano (wayrl, Barf, Arhuaco, Yuco, Kogi, Arsario y Chimila. Además se presenta el índice de mezcla racial, con excepción de los Arsario, y algunos aspectos iniciales de las distancias genéticas, con excepción de los Arsario y los Chimila, sobre la base de cinco loci informativos. Las frecuencias génicas fueron obtenidas a partir de los genotipos deducidos a través de los arboles familiares. Geográficamente el nororiente colombiano se encuentra conformado por los departamentos de la Guajira, Magdalena, Cesar y Norte de Santander. En la península de la Guajira viven los Wayu; en la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta habitan los Kogi, los Arhuaco y los Arsario, todos descendientes de los primitivos Taironas. En la Serranía del Perija encontramos los Yuco al norte y los Barf al sur y en el departamento del Magdalena encontramos los Chimila. Estos grupos indígenas fueron estudiados para siete sistemas genéticos polimórficos que comprenden 23 alelos y 18 especificidades serológicas: ABO(tres alelos,Rh (seisalelos, Kell (dos alelos,Duffy (tres alelos, Kidd (tres alelos,Diego (dos alelos y MNSs (cuatro alelos. EI estudio se adelanto utilizando anticuerpos policlonales y monoclonales y las técnicas de tipificación convencionales. Se realizaron quince visitas a las siete comunidades y se recolectaron 473 muestras sanguíneas distribuidas en 63 familias de dos, tres y cuatro generaciones. Se presentan los resultados para frecuencias de fenotipos y genotipos en las poblaciones estudiadas y los resultados del análisis del equilibrio de Hardy-Weinberg.

  18. Coral reefs chronically exposed to river sediment plumes in the southwestern Caribbean: Rosario Islands, Colombia.

    Restrepo, Juan D; Park, Edward; Aquino, Samia; Latrubesse, Edgardo M

    2016-05-15

    Politicians do not acknowledge the devastating impacts riverine sediments can have on healthy coral reef ecosystems during environmental debates in Caribbean countries. Therefore, regional and/or local decision makers do not implement the necessary measures to reduce fluvial sediment fluxes on coral reefs. The Magdalena River, the main contributor of continental fluxes into the Caribbean Sea, delivers water and sediment fluxes into the Rosario Islands National Park, an important marine protected area in the southwestern Caribbean. Until now, there is no scientific consensus on the presence of sediment fluxes from the Magdalena River in the coral reefs of the Rosario Islands. Our hypothesis is that high sediment and freshwater inputs from the Magdalena have been present at higher acute levels during the last decade than previously thought, and that these runoff pulses are not flashy. We use in-situ calibrated MODIS satellite images to capture the spatiotemporal variability of the distribution of suspended sediment over the coral reefs. Furthermore, geochemical data are analyzed to detect associated sedimentation rates and pollutant dispersion into the coastal zone. Results confirm that turbidity levels have been much higher than previous values presented by national environmental authorities on coral reefs off Colombia over the last decade. During the 2003-2013-period most of the Total Suspended Sediments (TSS) values witnessed in the sampled regions were above 10mg/l, a threshold value of turbidity for healthy coral reef waters. TSS concentrations throughout the analyzed time were up to 62.3mg/l. Plume pulses were more pronounced during wet seasons of La Niña events in 2002-2003, 2007-2008, and 2009-2010. Reconstructed time series of MODIS TSS indicates that coral reef waters were exposed to river plumes between 19.6 and 47.8% of the entire period of analysis (2000-2013). Further analyses of time series of water discharge and sediment load into the coastal zone

  19. Effect of Nordic Walking training on iron metabolism in elderly women

    Kortas J

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Jakub Kortas,1 Katarzyna Prusik,2 Damian Flis,3 Krzysztof Prusik,1 Ewa Ziemann,4 Neil Leaver,5 Jedrzej Antosiewicz6 1Department of Recreation and Tourism, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland; 2Department of Biomedical Basis of Health, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland; 3Department of Bioenergetics and Physiology of Exercise, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland; 4Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland; 5The Immunosuppression monitoring service (IMS Laboratory, Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust, Heart Science Centre, Harefield Hospital, Harefield, UK; 6Department of Biochemistry, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, Gdansk, Poland Background: Despite several, well-documented pro-healthy effects of regular physical training, its influence on body iron stores in elderly people remains unknown. At the same time, body iron accumulation is associated with high risk of different morbidities.Purpose: We hypothesized that Nordic Walking training would result in pro-healthy changes in an elderly group of subjects by reducing body iron stores via shifts in iron metabolism-regulating proteins.Methods: Thirty-seven women aged 67.7±5.3 years participated in this study. They underwent 32 weeks of training, 1-hour sessions three times a week, between October 2012 and May 2013. Fitness level, blood morphology, CRP, vitamin D, ferritin, hepcidin, and soluble Hjv were assessed before and after the training.Results: The training program caused a significant decrease in ferritin, which serves as a good marker of body iron stores. Simultaneously, the physical cardiorespiratory fitness had improved. Furthermore, blood hepcidin was positively correlated with the ferritin concentration after the training. The concentration of blood CRP dropped, but the change was nonsignificant. The applied training

  20. Department of Training and Consulting - Overview

    Dobrzynski, L.

    2009-01-01

    level of the competition turned out to be very high. Its particular value consists in activating teachers and pupils from small villages and towns. Two laureates of the Competition, as a special Prize, could spend two weeks at the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia, within the framework of the Bogolyubov-Infeld program. The Department participates actively in Science Festivals and Picnics for the general public. In all these events, in addition to the series of lectures, many simple demonstrations of the properties of nuclear radiation as well as a simulator of a nuclear reactor control were presented. The staff of the Department was strengthened in 2008 by employing MSc. Eng. Lukasz Adamowski and a PhD student, MSc. Eng. Krzysztof Wojciech Fornalski. (author)

  1. Archaeological field survey automation: concurrent multisensor site mapping and automated analysis

    Józefowicz, Mateusz; Sokolov, Oleksandr; Meszyński, Sebastian; Siemińska, Dominika; Kołosowski, Przemysław

    2016-04-01

    control the platform from a remote location via satellite, with only servicing person on the site and the survey team operating from their office, globally. The method is under development. The team contributing to the project includes also: Oleksii Sokolov, Michał Koepke, Krzysztof Rydel, Michał Stypczyński, Maciej Ślęk, Łukasz Zapała, Michał Dąbrowski.

  2. The influence of frailty syndrome on medication adherence among elderly patients with hypertension

    Jankowska-Polańska B

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Beata Jankowska-Polańska,1 Krzysztof Dudek,2 Anna Szymanska-Chabowska,3 Izabella Uchmanowicz1 1Department of Clinical Nursing, Faculty of Health Science, Wroclaw Medical University, 2Department of Logistic and Transport Systems, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Wroclaw University of Technology, 3Department of Internal Medicine, Occupational Diseases, Hypertension and Clinical Oncology, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland Background: Hypertension affects about 80% of people older than 80 years; however, diagnosis and treatment are difficult because about 55% of them do not adhere to treatment recommendations due to low socioeconomic status, comorbidities, age, physical limitations, and frailty syndrome.Aims: The purposes of this study were to evaluate the influence of frailty on medication adherence among elderly hypertensive patients and to assess whether other factors influence adherence in this group of patients.Methods and results: The study included 296 patients (mean age 68.8±8.0 divided into frail (n=198 and non-frail (n=98 groups. The Polish versions of the Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI for frailty assessment and 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale for adherence assessment were used. The frail patients had lower medication adherence in comparison to the non-frail subjects (6.60±1.89 vs 7.11±1.42; P=0.028. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients showed that significant determinants with negative influence on the level of adherence were physical (rho =-0.117, psychological (rho =-0.183, and social domain (rho =-0.163 of TFI as well as the total score of the questionnaire (rho =-0.183. However, multiple regression analysis revealed that only knowledge about complications of untreated hypertension (β=0.395 and satisfaction with the home environment (β=0.897 were found to be independent stimulants of adherence level.Conclusion: Frailty is highly prevalent among elderly hypertensive patients. Higher level of frailty

  3. Sex differences in the quality of life of patients with acute coronary syndrome treated with percutaneous coronary intervention after a 3-year follow-up

    Jankowska-Polańska B

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Beata Jankowska-Polańska,1 Izabella Uchmanowicz,1 Krzysztof Dudek,2 Krystyna Łoboz-Grudzień1,3 1Department of Clinical Nursing, Wrocław Medical University, 2Department of Logistics and Transport Systems, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Wrocław University of Technology, 3Cardiology Unit, T Marciniak Lower Silesian Specialist Hospital, Emergency Medicine Centre, Wrocław, Poland Background: The aims of this study were to analyze the dynamics of quality of life (QoL changes after 36 months from the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI depending on sex and identify baseline predictors of the follow-up QoL of patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome (ACS and subjected to PCI.Methods and results: The study included 137 patients, females (n=67 and males (n=70, with ACS who underwent PCI. The QoL was assessed using the MacNew Heart Disease Health-Related Quality of Life questionnaire. The group of females scored lower in all the domains of the MacNew Heart Disease Health-Related Quality of Life questionnaire in the initial measurement (B1, in the measurement after 6 months (B2, and in the long-term follow-up measurement (36 months – B3. Despite the fact that both groups achieved improved QoL, its values were higher in the males. The average growth rate of the QoL score in the period from the sixth month to 36th month was higher in females than in males. In the univariate and multivariate analyses, significant independent predictors with a negative influence on the long-term QoL score included female sex (Ρ=−0.190, β=−0.21, age >60 years (Ρ=−0.255, β=−0.186, and diabetes (Ρ=−0.216, β=−0.216.Conclusion: In a 36-month follow-up of ACS patients treated with PCI, there were no statistically significant differences in QoL between sexes. In the entire cohort, there was improvement in QoL, which was higher in the case of the females studied. For the entire group, significant independent determinants of lower QoL 3

  4. Randomized clinical trial: pharmacokinetics and safety of multimatrix mesalamine for treatment of pediatric ulcerative colitis

    Cuffari C

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Carmen Cuffari,1 David Pierce,2 Bartosz Korczowski,3 Krzysztof Fyderek,4 Heather Van Heusen,5 Stuart Hossack,6 Hong Wan,5 Alena YZ Edwards,7 Patrick Martin5 1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 2Shire, Basingstoke, UK; 3Medical College, University of Rzeszów, Rzeszów, Poland; 4University Children’s Hospital of Cracow, Cracow, Poland; 5Shire, Wayne, PA, USA; 6Covance Clinical Research Unit Limited, Leeds, UK; 7ICON Early Phase Services, Marlow, Buckinghamshire, UK Background: Limited data are available on mesalamine (5-aminosalicylic acid; 5-ASA use in pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC.Aim: To evaluate pharmacokinetic and safety profiles of 5-ASA and metabolite acetyl-5-ASA (Ac-5-ASA after once-daily, oral administration of multimatrix mesalamine to children and adolescents with UC.Methods: Participants (5–17 years of age; 18–82 kg, stratified by weight with UC received multimatrix mesalamine 30, 60, or 100 mg/kg/day once daily (to 4,800 mg/day for 7 days. Blood samples were collected pre-dose on days 5 and 6. On days 7 and 8, blood and urine samples were collected and safety was evaluated. 5-ASA and Ac-5-ASA plasma and urine concentrations were analyzed by non-compartmental methods and used to develop a population pharmacokinetic model.Results: Fifty-two subjects (21 [30 mg/kg]; 22 [60 mg/kg]; 9 [100 mg/kg] were randomized. On day 7, systemic exposures of 5-ASA and Ac-5-ASA exhibited a dose-proportional increase between 30 and 60 mg/kg/day cohorts. For 30, 60, and 100 mg/kg/day doses, mean percentages of 5-ASA absorbed were 29.4%, 27.0%, and 22.1%, respectively. Simulated steady-state exposures and variabilities for 5-ASA and Ac-5-ASA (coefficient of variation approximately 50% and 40%–45%, respectively were similar to those observed previously in adults at comparable doses. Treatment-emergent adverse events were

  5. Cytokine induction of sol–gel-derived TiO2 and SiO2 coatings on metallic substrates after implantation to rat femur

    Urbanski W

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Wiktor Urbanski,1 Krzysztof Marycz,2 Justyna Krzak,3 Celina Pezowicz,4 Szymon Feliks Dragan1 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology, Wroclaw University Hospital, 2Electron Microscope Laboratory, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, 3Institute of Materials Science and Applied Mechanics, 4Division of Biomedical Engineering and Experimental Mechanics, Wroclaw University of Technology, Wroclaw, Poland Abstract: Material surface is a key determinant of host response on implanted biomaterial. Therefore, modification of the implant surface may optimize implant–tissue reactions. Inflammatory reaction is inevitable after biomaterial implantation, but prolonged inflammation may lead to adverse reactions and subsequent implant failure. Proinflammatory activities of cytokines like interleukin (IL-1, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α are attractive indicators of these processes and ultimately characterize biocompatibility. The objective of the study was to evaluate local cytokine production after implantation of stainless steel 316L (SS and titanium alloy (Ti6Al4V biomaterials coated with titanium dioxide (TiO2 and silica (SiO2 coatings prepared by sol–gel method. Biomaterials were implanted into rat femur and after 12 weeks, bones were harvested. Bone–implant tissue interface was evaluated; immunohistochemical staining was performed to identify IL-6, TNF-α, and Caspase-1. Histomorphometry (AxioVision Rel. 4.6.3 software of tissue samples was performed in order to quantify the cytokine levels. Both the oxide coatings on SS and Ti6Al4V significantly reduced cytokine production. However, the lowest cytokine levels were observed in TiO2 groups. Cytokine content in uncoated groups was lower in Ti6Al4V than in SS, although coating of either metal reduced cytokine production to similar levels. Sol–gel TiO2 or SiO2 coatings reduced significantly the production of proinflammatory cytokines by local tissues

  6. Health behaviors of patients diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus and their influence on the patients’ satisfaction with life

    Rosiek A

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Anna Rosiek,1 Tomasz Kornatowski,1 Natalia Frąckowiak-Maciejewska,1 Aleksandra Rosiek-Kryszewska,2 Przemysław Wyżgowski,3 Krzysztof Leksowski1,3 1Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Science, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, 2Department of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, 3Department of General Surgery, 10th Military Hospital, Bydgoszcz, Poland Background: The diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM carries with it a number of changes to the patient’s lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle, health and preventive behaviors, as well as healthy nutrition habits play a key role in treating T2DM as well as limiting its complications.Materials and methods: The aim of this study was the analysis of the correlation of T2DM patients’ health behaviors and their influence on the patients’ quality of life. The study was performed on a group of 50 patients from the Kuyavian–Pomeranian Voivodeship. In this study, the Health Behavior Inventory and the Satisfaction with Life Scale were used. The results were statistically analyzed. The study was approved by the ethics committee.Results: The intensity of severity of health behavior and satisfaction with life of T2DM patients depends on the gender of the patient (P<0.05. The analysis of the patients’ behaviors in four categories, proper eating habits (consuming vegetables, fruit, whole meal bread, health practices (daily physical activity, recreation, sleeping habits, preventive behaviors (including keeping to health recommendations, and positive mental attitude, showed substantial correlation of the Health Behavior Inventory and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (P<0.05.Conclusion: The categorization of the prohealth behaviors shown by diabetics allowed us to measure the connection between the individual categories of satisfaction with life. Males with T2DM showed a higher satisfaction with life score than females with

  7. Incognito ergo sum. O wytwarzaniu obojętności

    Joanna Tokarska-Bakir

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Incognito ergo sum: on indifference  The present article is an analysis of various types of indifference of non-Jewish inhabitants of Warsaw to the plight of Jewish Poles. The words of Krzysztof Dunin-Wąsowicz, a historian and “Żegota” activist, provide the vantage point for the analysis: Dunin-Wąsowicz claimed that around 75 per cent of the inhabitants of Warsaw “were indifferent to what was taking place behind the Ghetto wall”. Thomas Kuhne hypothesised that it was Germans’ indifference to the Jewish – not hatred – that legitimised the Nazi racial policies of the 1930s. This statement might also apply to the “75 per cent of the inhabitants of Warsaw”. The article is mainly based on articles published by ZWZ-AK, in particular Biuletyn Informacyjny.   Incognito ergo sum. O wytwarzaniu obojętności Autorka analizuje różne odcienie obojętności nieżydowskich mieszkańców Warszawy w latach czterdziestych wobec losu żydowskich Polaków. Punktem wyjścia jest zdanie Krzysztofa Dunin-Wąsowicza, historyka i działacza „Żegoty”, który stwierdził, że dla około 75 procent mieszkańców Warszawy „obojętne było to, co działo się poza murem getta”. Powołując się na tezę Thomasa Kuhnego, że to właśnie obojętność Niemców wobec Żydów – a nie nienawiść w stosunku do nich – „spowodowała masowe poparcie nazistowskiej polityki rasowej w latach trzydziestych”, autorka zastanawia się, czy „podobnej opinii nie można by sformułować pod adresem” 75 procent mieszkańców Warszawy. Materiał do analizy stanowią w znacznej mierze publikacje prasy ZWZ-AK, w tym przede wszystkim „Biuletyn Informacyjny”.

  8. Słowo - obraz - pamięć w labiryntach komiksu

    Grażyna Gajewska

    2008-01-01

    by Nakazawa Keij, Art Spiegelman’s Motts, or Achtung Zeligl by Krzysztof Gawronkiewicz and Krystian Rosenberg have become available 011 the Polish publishing market and have been widely reviewed and discussed academically. In the present article these comic books or graphic novels are interpreted as different types of maze: the Cretean maze, mystery-maze and maze-rhizome.

  9. Effects of immunosuppressive treatment on protein expression in rat kidney

    Kędzierska K

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Karolina Kędzierska,1 Katarzyna Sporniak-Tutak,2 Krzysztof Sindrewicz,2 Joanna Bober,3 Leszek Domański,1 Mirosław Parafiniuk,4 Elżbieta Urasińska,5 Andrzej Ciechanowicz,6 Maciej Domański,1 Tomasz Smektała,2 Marek Masiuk,5 Wiesław Skrzypczak,6 Małgorzata Ożgo,6 Joanna Kabat-Koperska,1 Kazimierz Ciechanowski1 1Department of Nephrology, Transplantology, and Internal Medicine, 2Department of Dental Surgery, 3Department of Medical Chemistry, 4Department of Forensic Medicine, 5Department of Pathomorphology, Pomeranian Medical University, 6Department of Physiology, Cytobiology, and Proteomics, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland Abstract: The structural proteins of renal tubular epithelial cells may become a target for the toxic metabolites of immunosuppressants. These metabolites can modify the properties of the proteins, thereby affecting cell function, which is a possible explanation for the mechanism of immunosuppressive agents' toxicity. In our study, we evaluated the effect of two immunosuppressive strategies on protein expression in the kidneys of Wistar rats. Fragments of the rat kidneys were homogenized after cooling in liquid nitrogen and then dissolved in lysis buffer. The protein concentration in the samples was determined using a protein assay kit, and the proteins were separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis. The obtained gels were then stained with Coomassie Brilliant Blue, and their images were analyzed to evaluate differences in protein expression. Identification of selected proteins was then performed using mass spectrometry. We found that the immunosuppressive drugs used in popular regimens induce a series of changes in protein expression in target organs. The expression of proteins involved in drug, glucose, amino acid, and lipid metabolism was pronounced. However, to a lesser extent, we also observed changes in nuclear, structural, and transport proteins' synthesis. Very slight differences

  10. Delirium in the geriatric unit: proton-pump inhibitors and other risk factors

    Otremba I

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Iwona Otremba, Krzysztof Wilczyński, Jan SzewieczekDepartment of Geriatrics, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, PolandBackground: Delirium remains a major nosocomial complication of hospitalized elderly. Predictive models for delirium may be useful for identification of high-risk patients for implementation of preventive strategies.Objective: Evaluate specific factors for development of delirium in a geriatric ward setting.Methods: Prospective cross-sectional study comprised 675 consecutive patients aged 79.2±7.7 years (66% women and 34% men, admitted to the subacute geriatric ward of a multiprofile university hospital after exclusion of 113 patients treated with antipsychotic medication because of behavioral disorders before admission. Comprehensive geriatric assessments including a structured interview, physical examination, geriatric functional assessment, blood sampling, ECG, abdominal ultrasound, chest X-ray, Confusion Assessment Method for diagnosis of delirium, Delirium-O-Meter to assess delirium severity, Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale to assess sedation or agitation, visual analog scale and Doloplus-2 scale to assess pain level were performed.Results: Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed five independent factors associated with development of delirium in geriatric inpatients: transfer between hospital wards (odds ratio [OR] =2.78; confidence interval [CI] =1.54–5.01; P=0.001, preexisting dementia (OR =2.29; CI =1.44–3.65; P<0.001, previous delirium incidents (OR =2.23; CI =1.47–3.38; P<0.001, previous fall incidents (OR =1.76; CI =1.17–2.64; P=0.006, and use of proton-pump inhibitors (OR =1.67; CI =1.11–2.53; P=0.014.Conclusion: Transfer between hospital wards, preexisting dementia, previous delirium incidents, previous fall incidents, and use of proton-pump inhibitors are predictive of development of delirium in the geriatric inpatient setting.Keywords: delirium

  11. Fried frailty phenotype assessment components as applied to geriatric inpatients

    Bieniek J

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Joanna Bieniek, Krzysztof Wilczynski, Jan Szewieczek Department of Geriatrics, School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland Background: Management of geriatric patients would be simplified if a universally accepted definition of frailty for clinical use was defined. Among definitions of frailty, Fried frailty phenotype criteria constitute a common reference frame for many geriatric studies. However, this reference frame has been tested primarily in elderly patients presenting with relatively good health status. Objective: The aim of this article was to assess the usefulness and limitations of Fried frailty phenotype criteria in geriatric inpatients, characterized by comorbidity and functional impairments, and to estimate the frailty phenotype prevalence in this group. Patients and methods: Five hundred consecutive patients of the university hospital subacute geriatric ward, aged 79.0±8.4 years (67% women and 33% men, participated in this cross-sectional study. Comprehensive geriatric assessment and Fried frailty phenotype component evaluation were performed in all patients. Results: Multimorbidity (6.0±2.8 diseases characterized our study group, with a wide range of clinical conditions and functional states (Barthel Index of Activities of Daily Living 72.2±28.2 and Mini-Mental State Examination 23.6±7.1 scores. All five Fried frailty components were assessed in 65% of patients (95% confidence interval [CI] =60.8–69.2 (diagnostic group. One or more components were not feasible to be assessed in 35% of the remaining patients (nondiagnostic group because of lack of past patient’s body mass control and/or cognitive or physical impairment. Patients from the nondiagnostic group, as compared to patients from the diagnostic group, presented with more advanced age, higher prevalence of dementia, lower prevalence of hypertension, lower systolic and diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, Mini

  12. Motivations toward smoking cessation, reasons for relapse, and modes of quitting: results from a qualitative study among former and current smokers

    Buczkowski K

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Krzysztof Buczkowski,1 Ludmila Marcinowicz,2 Slawomir Czachowski,1 Elwira Piszczek3 1Department of Family Medicine, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, 2Department of Family Medicine and Community Nursing, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, 3Sociology Institute, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Torun, Poland Background: Smoking cessation plays a crucial role in reducing preventable morbidity and mortality and is a recognized public-health-policy issue in many countries. Two of the most important factors that affect the efficacy of quitting smoking are motivation and the ability to cope with situations causing relapse.Aim: The objective of the study reported here was to investigate former and current smokers’ motivations for smoking cessation, reasons for relapse, and modes of quitting.Methods: We arranged four focus groups with 24 participants (twelve current and twelve former smokers and eleven semi-structured interviews (five current and six former smokers with a view to understanding and categorizing their opinions on motivations and the course and process of smoking cessation. The data were next analyzed using descriptive qualitative methods.Results: Three main themes were identified: (1 motivations to quit smoking, (2 reasons why smokers sometimes relapse, and (3 modes of quitting smoking. Within the first theme, the following six subthemes surfaced: (1 a smoking ban at home and at work due to other people’s wishes and rules, (2 the high cost of cigarettes, (3 the unpleasant smell, (4 health concern, (5 pregnancy and breastfeeding, and (6 a variety of other factors. The second theme encompassed the following subthemes: (1 stress and the need to lessen it by smoking a cigarette, (2 the need to experience the pleasure connected with smoking, and (3 the smoking environment both at home and at work. Participants presented different smoking-cessation modes, but mainly they were unplanned attempts.Conclusion: Two

  13. Geology and mineral deposits of an area in the Departments of Antioquia and Caldas (Subzone IIB), Colombia

    Feininger, Tomas; Barrero L., Dario; Castro, Nestor; Hall, R.B.

    1973-01-01

    The Inventario Minero National (IMN), a four-year cooperative geologic mapping and mineral resources appraisal project, was accomplished under an agreement between the Republic of Colombia and the U. S. Agency for International Development from 1964 through 1969. Subzone IIB, consisting essentially of the east half of Zone comprises nearly 20,000 km2 principally in the Department of Antioquia but including also small parts of the Departments of Caldas and Tolima. The rocks in IIB range from Precambrian to Holocene. Precambrian feldspar-quartz gneiss occupies a mosaic of fault-bounded blocks intruded by igneous rocks between the Oto fault and the Rio Magdalena. Paleozoic rocks are extensive, and include lightly metamorphosed graptolite-bearing Ordovician shale at Cristalina, and a major suite of graphitic quartz-mica schist, feldspathic and aluminous gneiss, quartzite, marble, amphibolite, and other rocks. Syntectonic intrusive gneiss included many of the older rocks during a late Paleozoic(?) orogeny, which was accompanied by Abukuma-type metamorphosing from lowermost greenschist to upper amphibolite facies. A Jurassic diorite pluton bounded by faults cuts volcanic rocks of unknown age east of the Otu fault. Cretaceous rocks are major units. Middle Cretaceous carbonaceous shale, sandstone, graywacke, conglomerate, and volcanic rocks are locally prominent. The Antioquian batholith (quartz diorite) of Late Cretaceous age cuts the middle Cretaceous and older rocks. A belt of Tertiary nonmarine clastic sedimentary rocks crops out along the Magdalena Valley. Patches of Tertiary alluvium are locally preserved in the mountains. Quaternary alluvium, much of it auriferous, is widespread in modern stream valleys. Structurally IIB constitutes part of a vast complex synclinorium intruded concordantly by syntectonic catazonal or mesozonal felsic plutons, and by the later epizonal post-tectonic Antioquian batholith. Previously unrecognized major wrench faults are outstanding

  14. Sordera, tragedia y muerte de Ludwig van Beethoven

    Darío Morón Díaz

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available

    La sordera de Ludwig van Beethoven fue atribuida a distintas enfermedades: a una neuritis
    acústica debido a la fiebre tifoidea, a la sífilis, a la hepatitis, a una colitis, al reumatismo, a abscesos,
    a una criopatia debida al frío y a la osificación del tejido cartilaginoso que conduce al oído ínterno,
    también mencionaron la sarcoidosis.
    Dos hechos fueron fundamentales para desechar tales especulaciones: el primero, la decisión del
    joven Ferdinand Hiller, que el 27 de marzo de 1827 cortó un mechón de cabello del cadáver de Ludwig
    van Beethoven. El segundo, el avance científico de la medicina moderna. Ambos acontecimientos han
    permitido profundizar con certeza en la etiología u origen de la sordera de Beethoven y la variada síntomatología que sufrió el genio musical.

    Esbozo biográfico
    EL 16 de diciembre de 1770, en Bonn, nació Ludwig van Beethoven, hijo de Johann Beethoven y
    Maria Magdalena Keverich; el matrimonio tuvo siete hijos, cuatro fallecieron siendo niños y tres sobrevivieron: Ludwig, Kaspar Antón Karl y Nicolás Johann.
    El padre de Beethoven fue dipsómano, debido a los excesos alcohólicos y en medio de los escándalos el
    padre agredía al niño. Deambulaba entre la Iglesia y la taberna. María Magdalena por el contrario era tierna y afectuosa con su hijo, situación que por contraste servía de refugio a Ludwig.

  15. Relación entre inteligencia emocional, depresión y rendimiento académico en estudiantes de psicología

    Ubaldo Rodríguez de Alba

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This research paper is part of the funded project on emotional intelligence in the II internal meeting of University of Magdalena (Ref: II CSI-11-2010 -2012. It is a descriptive-correlational and cross-sectional design. Its main objective was to identify the relationship between Perceived Emotional Intelligence (EI, depression and academic performance in Psychology students of Santa Marta (Colombia. The study involved 76 students who applied the Beck depression inventory, the Trait Meta Mood Scale. Academic performance is registered through the academic GPA. The results indicated significant negative relationship between the emotional clarity, emotional repair and levels of depression, as well as non-existence of significant relationship between the skills of EI and the academic performance; however, the latter negatively correlate with the levels of depression. Resumen El presente artículo de investigación se enmarca en el proyecto sobre inteligencia emocional financiado en la II convocatoria interna del programa Semilleros de la Universidad del Magdalena (Ref: II CSI-11-2010-2012. Es de tipo descriptivo-correlacional y de diseño transversal. Su objetivo principal consistió en identificar la relación entre la Inteligencia Emocional Percibida (IE, depresión y rendimiento académico en estudiantes de Psicología de Santa Marta (Colombia. En el estudio participaron 76 estudiantes a los que se aplicó el inventario para la depresión de Beck, el Trait Meta Mood Scale. El rendimiento académico se registró a través de los promedios académicos ponderados. Los resultados indicaron relación negativa significativa entre la claridad emocional, la reparación emocional y los niveles de depresión, así como la no existencia de relación significativa entre las habilidades de IE y el rendimiento académico; sin embargo, este último sí se correlaciona negativamente con los niveles de depresión.

  16. Application of the micronucleus test and comet assay in Trachemys callirostris erythrocytes as a model for in situ genotoxic monitoring.

    Zapata, Lina M; Bock, Brian C; Orozco, Luz Yaneth; Palacio, Jaime A

    2016-05-01

    Trachemys callirostris is a turtle species endemic to northern South America. In northern Colombia it occurs in the middle and lower Magdalena River drainage and its principal tributaries (lower Cauca and San Jorge rivers) and in other minor drainages such as the lower Sinú River. In recent years, industrial, agricultural, and mining activities have altered natural habitats in Colombia where this species occurs, and many of the pollutants released there are known to induce genetic alterations in wildlife species. The micronucleus test and comet assay are two of the most widely used methods to characterize DNA damage induced by physical and chemical agents in wildlife species, but have not been employed previously for genotoxic evaluations in T. callirostris. The goal of this study was to optimize these genotoxic biomarkers for T. callirostris erythrocytes in order to establish levels of DNA damage in this species and thereby evaluate its potential as a sentinel species for monitoring genotoxic effects in freshwater environments in northern Colombia. Both genotoxic techniques were applied on peripheral blood erythrocytes from 20 captive-reared T. callirostris individuals as a negative control, as well as from samples obtained from 49 individuals collected in Magangué (Magdalena River drainage) and 24 individuals collected in Lorica (Sinú River drainage) in northern Colombia. Negative control individuals exhibited a baseline frequency of micronuclei of 0.78±0.58 and baseline values for comet tail length and tail moment of 3.34±0.24µm and 10.70±5.5, respectively. In contrast, samples from both field sites exhibited significantly greater evidence of genotoxic effects for both tests. The mean MN frequencies in the samples from Magangué and Lorica were 8.04±7.08 and 12.19±12.94, respectively. The mean tail length for samples from Magangué and Lorica were 5.78±3.18 and 15.46±7.39, respectively. Finally, the mean tail moment for samples from Magangué and

  17. La contaminación por metales pesados en la Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, Caribe colombiano La contaminación por metales pesados en la Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, Caribe colombiano

    Campos C. Néstor Hernando

    1990-09-01

    Full Text Available Se dan los resultados de los estudios sobre la contaminación por metales pesados en la Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta. Las determinaciones se realizaron en el material en suspensión, en los bivalvos Crassostrea rhizophorae e Isognomon alatus y en los peces Gathorops spixii y Ariopsis bonillai. Los análisis de los metales Cd, Zn y Cu en el material en suspensión permitieron determinar que las mayores descargas de estos metales se suceden principalmente desde el Río Magdalena a través del Canal del Clarín y de los ríos que fluyen del piedemonte de la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. La comparación de los contenidos en bivalvas permiten determinar la importancia de estos organismos como bioindicadores. Los análisis en las dos especies de peces mostraron una diferenciación en la capacidad de acumulación entre una y otra.  Al comparar los contenidos de metales entre los diferentes tipos de muestras con los cambios en los contenidos en el material en suspensión y la salinidad, se observó que estos dos parámetros son principalmente los que controlan la biodisponibilidad de los metales y además afectan los procesos fisiológicos de los organismos, aumentando o disminuyendo la capacidad de bioacumulación. Results of the studies of heavy metals pollution in the Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta are provided. The determinations have been done on the suspended matter, on the bivalves Crassostrea rhizophorae and Isognomon alatus, and in the fishes Gathorops spixii and Ariopsis bonillai. The analysis of Cd, Zn and Cu in the suspended matter led to determine that the discharges come principally from the Río Magdalena through the Canal del Clarín and the rivers coming from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. Comparisons of the concentration in bivalves show the importance of this organisms as bioindicators. The analysis in both fish species show a difference in their capacity of accumulation. Comparison of the metals contents between different types

  18. SINOPSIS DE LOS ESCARABAJOS COPRÓFAGOS (COLEOPTERA: SCARABAEINAE DEL CARIBE COLOMBIANO

    JORGE ARI NORIEGA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La subfamilia Scarabaeinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae es un grupo de gran importancia en los ecosistemas por su significativa participación en el proceso de reciclaje de nutrientes. Para Colombia existen algunos acercamientos al análisis de su diversidad en ciertas regiones biogeográficas. Sin embargo, existen zonas que necesitan un mayor estudio, como es el caso de la región Caribe. Con el fin de llenar el vacío de información se realizó una revisión de la información depositada en 16 colecciones a nivel nacional y de la literatura en esta zona. Se registran 90 especies pertenecientes a 24 géneros, agrupadas en seis tribus. Se reportan 20 nuevas especies para el departamento de La Guajira, 18 para Sucre, once para Magdalena, nueve para Bolívar, nueve para Córdoba, tres para Atlántico y dos para Cesar. El departamento con la mayor riqueza es Magdalena ya que es el mejor muestreado incluyendo su rango altitudinal. Al analizar la composición de especies, la región Caribe presenta pocos endemismos, exceptuando las zonas altas del Macizo de la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. El género Onthophagus es el más diverso en la región y la especie que presenta el mayor rango altitudinal es Ontherus sanctaemartae (700 hasta 2500 m . La región es homogénea en las zonas bajas, presentándose una mayor afinidad con el Chocó biogeográfico. Se establecen en la región cuatro grandes franjas altitudinales: planicies (0- 500 m , colinas altas (>500- 900 m , zona subandina-andina (> 900 a 2500 m y alta montaña (> 2500 m . Es posible que con el incremento de muestreos en zonas poco estudiadas la homogeneidad específica aumente. Finalmente, es necesario ampliar e intensificar los estudios en esta región, especialmente en los sistemas montañosos aislados.

  19. Inteligencia emocional y ansiedad en estudiantes universitarios

    Ubaldo Rodríguez de Ávila

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This research paper presents the results of a study about the relationship between Perceived Emotional Intelligence and the State-Trait Anxiety psychology students in a public university in Magdalena, Colombia. The investigation was developed from the descriptive-correlational design through the application of the instruments TMMS-24 and INDARE to 167 subjects. The results indicated that there is direct and significant relationship between emotional perception and state anxiety and trait anxiety. By contrast, there was a significant inverse relationship between emotional understanding and state anxiety and trait anxiety, and also between emotional regulation and state anxiety and trait anxiety. Through statistical analysis with Chi2, dependence was also found between the sub-variables with a significance level less than 0.05. Resumen El presente artículo de investigación presenta los resultados de un estudio acerca de la relación entre la Inteligencia Emocional Percibida y la Ansiedad Rasgo-Estado en estudiantes de Psicología de una universidad pública del Magdalena, Colombia. La investigación se desarrolló a partir del diseño descriptivo-correlacional a través de la aplicación de los instrumentos TMMS-24 y el IDARE a 167 sujetos. Los resultados indicaron que existe relación directa y significativa entre la percepción emocional y la ansiedad estado y la ansiedad rasgo. Por el contrario, se presentó una relación inversa y significativa entre la comprensión emocional y la ansiedad estado y la ansiedad rasgo; igualmente entre la regulación emocional y la ansiedad estado y la ansiedad rasgo. A través del análisis con el estadístico Chi2, también se encontró dependencia entre las sub-variables estudiadas con un nivel de significancia menor de 0.05.

  20. Seasonal changes in a fish assemblage associated with mangroves in a coastal lagoon of Baja California Sur, Mexico Cambios estacionales de la comunidad de peces asociada a zonas de manglar en una laguna costera de Baja California Sur, México

    Jesús Rodríguez-Romero

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The fish assemblage in a coastal lagoon with mangroves known as "Rancho Bueno" was determined and associated with environmental parameters. We used an experimental otter trawl net to catch the fish, and 62 fish species were identified from 48 genera and 30 families. The most abundant species were: Etropus crossotus, Eucinostomus gracilis, Paralabrax maculatofasciatus, Sphoeroides annulatus, and Eucinostomus dowii. The water temperature changed seasonally, being warm from July through December and cold from January through June. We found more fish species during the warm season than during the cold season. The southern area of the coastal lagoon had the highest diversity and species richness. The small size of the fishes registered confirms the ecological role of coastal lagoons as nursery areas that offer protection and feeding to commercially important fish near Bahía Magdalena, Mexico.Se determinó la estructura de peces asociada a factores ambientales en una laguna costera con manglar denominada "Rancho Bueno". Se utilizó una red de arrastre experimental para la captura y se identificaron 62 especies de peces de 48 géneros y 30 familias. Las especies más importantes fueron Etropus crossotus, Eucinostomus gracilis, Paralabrax maculatofasciatus, Sphoeroides annulatus y Eucinostomus dowii. La temperatura del agua varió estacionalmente, siendo cálida de julio a diciembre y fría de enero a junio. Se registró un mayor número de especies de peces durante la época cálida comparada con la época fría. La zona sur de la laguna costera presentó una mayor diversidad y riqueza específica. El menor tamaño de los peces registrados, confirma el papel ecológico de las lagunas costeras, consideradas como áreas de crianza las cuales proporcionan protección y alimentación a los peces de importancia comercial cerca de Bahía Magdalena, México.

  1. Resultados del programa de tamizaje para cáncer de cuello uterino en el distrito de Santa Marta durante el año 2011

    José Abraham Jaramillo Osorio

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Title: Screening program results for cervical cancer in the district of Santa Marta for the year 2011ResumenEl cáncer de cuello uterino es un problema de salud pública en Colombia. En el departamento del Magdalena se han detectado deficiencias en la oferta de los programas de tamizaje, lo cual se traduce en bajas cifras de cobertura. Este trabajo analiza el comportamiento del programa durante el año 2011 en la ciudad de Santa Marta. Resultados: Se llevaron a cabo 10.218 citologías, 740 (7,23 % de las cuales fueron reportadas como anormales, 493 (4,82 % como lesión escamosa intraepitelial de bajo grado (LEIBG, 86 (0,84 % como lesión escamosa intraepitelial de alto grado (LEIAG, y 8 casos (0,07 % de carcinoma invasor. Un total de 1.164 (11,37 % citologías fueron realizadas a pacientes por primera vez. Conclusiones: Se debe incrementar la cobertura, si se tiene en cuenta que el Distrito identifica un caso de carcinoma in situ por cada 100 pacientes que tamiza (1 %; igualmente, se deben vigilar sectores y grupos sociales identificados en los cuales la proporción de anormalidades citológicas es mayor.AbstractCervical cancer is a public health problem in Colombia. In the department of Magdalena deficiencies have been detected in offering screening programs which results in low coverage figures. This paper analyzes the behavior of the program in 2011 in the city of Santa Marta. Results: 10.218 cytologies were done, 740 (7, 23% were abnormal, 493 (4,82 low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL, 86 (0,84% high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL and 8 (0,07% invasive cancer. 1164 (11,37% smears were performed on patients for the first time. Conclusions: We should increase the coverage if you consider that the district identifies 1 case of carcinoma in situ per 100 patients screened (1%; monitor identified sectors and social groups in which the proportion of cytological abnormalities is higher.Keywords: Cytology; uterine cervical

  2. Population structure analyses and demographic history of the malaria vector Anopheles albimanus from the Caribbean and the Pacific regions of Colombia

    Conn Jan E

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Anopheles albimanus is an important malaria vector in some areas throughout its distribution in the Caribbean and the Pacific regions of Colombia, covering three biogeographic zones of the neotropical region, Maracaibo, Magdalena and Chocó. Methods This study was conducted to estimate intra-population genetic diversity, genetic differentiation and demographic history of An. albimanus populations because knowledge of vector population structure is a useful tool to guide malaria control programmes. Analyses were based on mtDNA COI gene sequences and four microsatellite loci of individuals collected in eight populations from the Caribbean and the Pacific regions of Colombia. Results Two distinctive groups were consistently detected corresponding to COI haplotypes from each region. A star-shaped statistical parsimony network, significant and unimodal mismatch distribution, and significant negative neutrality tests together suggest a past demographic expansion or a selective sweep in An. albimanus from the Caribbean coast approximately 21,994 years ago during the late Pleistocene. Overall moderate to low genetic differentiation was observed between populations within each region. However, a significant level of differentiation among the populations closer to Buenaventura in the Pacific region was observed. The isolation by distance model best explained genetic differentiation among the Caribbean region localities: Los Achiotes, Santa Rosa de Lima and Moñitos, but it could not explain the genetic differentiation observed between Turbo (Magdalena providence, and the Pacific region localities (Nuquí, Buenaventura, Tumaco. The patterns of differentiation in the populations from the different biogeographic provinces could not be entirely attributed to isolation by distance. Conclusion The data provide evidence for limited past gene flow between the Caribbean and the Pacific regions, as estimated by mtDNA sequences and current gene

  3. Efficacy and safety of a vaginal medicinal product containing three strains of probiotic bacteria: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial

    Tomusiak A

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Anna Tomusiak,1 Magdalena Strus,1 Piotr B Heczko,1 Paweł Adamski,2 Grzegorz Stefański,3 Aleksandra Mikołajczyk-Cichońska,3 Magdalena Suda-Szczurek3 1Department of Microbiology, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 2Institute of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences, 3IBSS BIOMED SA, Kraków, Poland Objective: The main objective of this study was to evaluate whether vaginal administration of probiotic Lactobacillus results in their colonization and persistence in the vagina and whether Lactobacillus colonization promotes normalization and maintenance of pH and Nugent score. Patients and methods: The study was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trial. Altogether, 376 women were assessed for eligibility, and signed informed consent. One hundred and sixty eligible women with abnormal, also called intermediate, vaginal microflora, as indicated by a Nugent score of 4–6 and pH >4.5 and zero or low Lactobacillus count, were randomized. Each participant was examined four times during the study. Women were randomly allocated to receive either the probiotic preparation inVag®, or a placebo (one capsule for seven consecutive days vaginally. The product inVag includes the probiotic strains Lactobacillus fermentum 57A, Lactobacillus plantarum 57B, and Lactobacillus gasseri 57C. We took vaginal swabs during visits I, III, and IV to determine the presence and abundance of bacteria from the Lactobacillus genus, measure the pH, and estimate the Nugent score. Drug safety evaluation was based on analysis of the types and occurrence of adverse events. Results: Administration of inVag contributed to a significant decrease (between visits in both vaginal pH (P<0.05 and Nugent score (P<0.05, and a significant increase in the abundance of Lactobacillus between visit I and visits III and IV (P<0.05. Molecular typing revealed the presence of Lactobacillus strains originating from inVag in 82% of women taking the drug at

  4. Dieta del Pirincho (Guira guira en el nordeste de la provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina (Cuculiformes: Cuculidae

    Guillermo E Soave

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la dieta y ecología alimentaria del ave conocida en Argentina como Pirincho (Guira guira, a través del análisis de 62 contenidos estomacales. Las muestras fueron obtenidas entre 1991 y 1997 (23 en primavera, 16 en verano, 10 en otoño y 13 en invierno, en las localidades de La Balandra y Punta Blanca, partido de Magdalena, provincia de Buenos Aires. Ambos sexos fueron analizados en conjunto debido a que no se encontraron diferencias significativas en el número y en el peso de las presas consumidas por machos y hembras (U de Mann-Whitney. La dieta estuvo compuesta en un 100 % por ítemes de origen animal, representada por 92 entidades taxonómicas. Los invertebrados constituyeron más del 96% de la muestra por número, y los vertebrados un 31% del peso total. Los insectos fueron hallados en el 98% de las muestras, representando el 85% y 59% en número y peso del total consumido, respectivamente. En los contenidos estomacales se hallaron además anélidos, moluscos, crustáceos, arácnidos, anfibios, reptiles y aves. Estacionalmente no se encontraron diferencias significativas en el número de las presas capturadas. En lo referente al peso, las muestras de invierno resultaron más pesadas que las de primavera y verano (Kruskal-Wallis. El Pirincho es un ave oportunista que consume exclusivamente presas de origen animal.Feeding ecology of the Guira Cuckoo (Guira guira in the northeastern Buenos Aires Province. We studied the diet and feeding ecology of the Guira Cuckoo (Guira guira, a bird that has a wide distribution in Argentina. We analyzed 62 stomachs, obtained between 1991 and 1997 (26 in spring, 13 in summer, 10 in autumn and 13 in winter, in the localities La Balandra and Punta Blanca, Magdalena district, Buenos Aires province. in order to establish the contribution of each prey item, we applied the relative importance index. The dietary contribution in terms of number and volume was also taken into account. This species feeds

  5. Identificación y caracterización de los estudiantes universitarios con talento científico

    Carmelina Paba Barbosa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The present study is centered in the identification and characterization about students with scientific talent of the University of The Magdalena. The selection of the sample was made under the postulation by the investigators, teachers and partners, besides the members of the Program of young researcher and students with distinguished average academic. A psychological evaluation and an interview were used to collect the information. The taste was 27 students: 18 students with superior characteristics with deep interest and aptitudes toward the investigation and 9 with potential toward the investigation. The results obtained in this investigation allowed an approximation to the characterization of these students with the purpose to make a theoretical, methodology and practice base on this group. Beside it will allow the formulation of an intervention proposal that promotes the qualification and the development of their potentialities. Resumen Este artículo de investigación presenta los resultados de un estudio sobre la identificación y caracterización de estudiantes con talento científico de la Universidad del Magdalena. La selección de la muestra se hizo bajo los criterios de postulación por parte de investigadores, docentes y compañeros, ser integrantes del Programa de Semilleros de Investigación y ser estudiantes con promedio académico distinguido. Se implementó una evaluación psicológica y una entrevista. La muestra se formó de 27 estudiantes: 18 con características superiores en interés profundo y aptitudes hacia la investigación y 9 con potencial hacia la investigación. Los resultados obtenidos en este trabajo permitieron efectuar una aproximación a la caracterización de estos estudiantes con el fin de generar una base conceptual, metodológica y práctica acerca de las características de esta población educativa. Además permitirá la formulación de una propuesta de intervención que promueva la cualificaci

  6. Analysis of digestive tract content of the larvae of Polybia scutellaris (White (Hymenoptera, Vespidae Análise do conteúdo do trato digestivo das larvas de Polybia scutellaris (White (Hymenoptera, Vespidae

    Victoria Lilian Fernández Corujo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Polybia scutellaris (White, 1841 is a social wasp of biological interest for its role as pollinator and maybe as biological control agent of sanitary and agricultural pests. This study examines the digestive tract contents of the larvae of P. scutellaris from four nests in Magdalena (Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Contents included both animal (arthropod parts and plant (pollen, leaf and fruit epidermis parts. The pollen content analysis showed that the wasps visited 19 different taxa of plants during the last active period of the colony before the nests had been collected. The range of sources used by P. scutellaris allows us characterizing the species as a generalist flower visitor. Wasps visited both native and exotic plants located nearby the nest. Most of the epidermal plant remains found in the larval digestive tract belonged to Malvaceae, a family not exploited by the studied colonies as pollen source.Polybia scutellaris (White, 1841 é uma vespa social de interesse biológico devido ao seu papel como polinizador e possível agente de controle biológico de pragas sanitárias e agrícolas. O presente estudo analisou o conteúdo do trato digestivo de larvas de P. scutellaris de quatros ninhos em Magdalena (província de Buenos Aires, Argentina. O conteúdo inclui restos animais (partes de artrópodos e vegetais (pólen, epiderme de folhas e frutos. A análise do conteúdo polínico mostrou que as vespas visitaram 19 táxons durante o último período ativo da colônia antes dos ninhos serem coletados. A diversidade de recursos utilizados por P. scutellaris permite caracterizá-la como um visitante generalista de flores. As vespas visitaram plantas nativas e exóticas localizados nas proximidades do ninho. A maioria dos restos de epiderme encontradas no trato digestivo das larvas pertence às Malvaceae, uma família não explorada pelas colônias estudadas como fonte de pólen.

  7. La politización en las lecturas canónicas: Miguel Antonio Caro, lector de Jorge Isaacs

    Carlos Arturo López Jiménez

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The article herein shows some conceptual features of Miguel Antonio Caro’s intellectual project and its intrinsic strengths. Furthermore, it details the type of politicization which Caro imposed on some of the work of his contemporaries politicization which, in turn, was later imposed on him-self by contemporary historiography. More to the point, I evidence how Caro, when asserting that a particular text by Jorge Isaacs (The native tribes of the Magdalena basin was scientific, immediately proceeded to politicize Isaac’s work, among other things, because he (Caro did not have the relevant arguments needed to confront Isaacs’ text in its own terms and framework. Thus, in order to dismiss Isaacs’ objections raised against the government of Nuñez, Caro places the aforementioned work by the author of María, among the texts that threatened social order by presenting it as part and parcel of positivism, empiricism, liberalism, and all other intellectual efforts based on a damaging sensualism.//Aquí muestran algunos aspectos conceptuales del proyecto intelectual de Miguel Antonio Caro y su consistencia interna. Además, preciso el tipo específico de politización que este escritor impuso sobre algunos trabajos que le fueron contemporáneos –politización de la cual el mismo Caro ha sido objeto por parte de historiografía contemporánea–. Específicamente, presento cómo Miguel Antonio Caro, al afirmar que un texto de Isaacs (Las tribus indígenas del Magdalena es científico, politiza su trabajo por la imposibilidad de atacarlo dentro de los límites argumentativos del texto de Isaacs. De esta forma, para hacer a un lado las objeciones que Isaac eleva contra el gobierno de Núñez, Caro ubica el trabajo del autor de María en el grupo de escritos que amenazan el orden social, al presentarlo de la mano con el positivismo, empirismo, liberalismo y demás esfuerzos intelectuales fundados en un “nocivo” criterio sensualista.

  8. Predicted altitudinal shifts and reduced spatial distribution of Leishmania infantum vector species under climate change scenarios in Colombia.

    González, Camila; Paz, Andrea; Ferro, Cristina

    2014-01-01

    Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is caused by the trypanosomatid parasite Leishmania infantum (=Leishmania chagasi), and is epidemiologically relevant due to its wide geographic distribution, the number of annual cases reported and the increase in its co-infection with HIV. Two vector species have been incriminated in the Americas: Lutzomyia longipalpis and Lutzomyia evansi. In Colombia, L. longipalpis is distributed along the Magdalena River Valley while L. evansi is only found in the northern part of the Country. Regarding the epidemiology of the disease, in Colombia the incidence of VL has decreased over the last few years without any intervention being implemented. Additionally, changes in transmission cycles have been reported with urban transmission occurring in the Caribbean Coast. In Europe and North America climate change seems to be driving a latitudinal shift of leishmaniasis transmission. Here, we explored the spatial distribution of the two known vector species of L. infantum in Colombia and projected its future distribution into climate change scenarios to establish the expansion potential of the disease. An updated database including L. longipalpis and L. evansi collection records from Colombia was compiled. Ecological niche models were performed for each species using the Maxent software and 13 Worldclim bioclimatic coverages. Projections were made for the pessimistic CSIRO A2 scenario, which predicts the higher increase in temperature due to non-emission reduction, and the optimistic Hadley B2 Scenario predicting the minimum increase in temperature. The database contained 23 records for L. evansi and 39 records for L. longipalpis, distributed along the Magdalena River Valley and the Caribbean Coast, where the potential distribution areas of both species were also predicted by Maxent. Climate change projections showed a general overall reduction in the spatial distribution of the two vector species, promoting a shift in altitudinal distribution for L

  9. PREFACE: Quantum dots as probes in biology

    Cieplak, Marek

    2013-05-01

    photosynthetic systems. The next paper, by Olejnik et al, discussed metallic QDs which enhance photosynthetic function in light-harvesting biomolecular complexes. Such hybrid structures with gold QDs are shown to exhibit a strong increase in the fluorescence quantum yield. The next two papers, by Sikora et al and Kaminska et al deal with the ZnO nanoparticles passivated by MgO. In the first of these two papers, the authors describe the behavior of ZnO/MgO when introduced to human cancer cells. In the second, the authors describe the QDs with an extra outer layer of Fe2O3 which makes the nanoparticles superparamagnetic and also capable of generation of reactive oxygen species which could be applied to form localized centers of toxicity for cancer treatment. Finally, in the last paper by Yatsunenko et al, the authors discuss several semiconducting QDs like ZnO with various rare-earth dopands. They propose a microwave-driven hydrothermal technology to make them, characterize their luminescence and demonstrate their usefulness in the early recognition of cancer tissues. Quantum dots as probes in biology contents Quantum dots as probes in biologyMarek Cieplak Luminescent nanoparticles and their applications in the life sciencesVarun K A Sreenivasan, Andrei V Zvyagin and Ewa M Goldys Ferredoxin:NADP+ oxidoreductase in junction with CdSe/ZnS quantum dots: characteristics of an enzymatically active nanohybrid Krzysztof Szczepaniak, Remigiusz Worch and Joanna Grzyb Spectroscopic studies of plasmon coupling between photosynthetic complexes and metallic quantum dotsMaria Olejnik, Bartosz Krajnik, Dorota Kowalska, Guanhua Lin and Sebastian Mackowski Luminescence of colloidal ZnO nanoparticles synthesized in alcohols and biological application of ZnO passivated by MgOBożena Sikora, Krzysztof Fronc, Izabela Kamińska, Kamil Koper, Piotr Stępień and Danek Elbaum Novel ZnO/MgO/Fe2O3 composite optomagnetic nanoparticles I Kamińska, B Sikora, K Fronc, P Dziawa, K Sobczak, R Minikayev, W

  10. Conquista y creación del espacio urbano en la Provincia de Neiva, Timaná y Saldana

    Humberto Montealegre Sánchez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El autor trabaja aspectos fundacionales alrededor de la creación y expansión de los espacios urbanos y de poblamiento de las ciudades, villas, parroquias y viceparroquias del Alto Magdalena desde el siglo XVI; así como los desarrollos político-administrativos y sus reordenamientos territoriales, en el marco de las leyes de indias y la presencia de la Iglesia, ésta de gran incidencia en los asentamientos urbanos de las provincias del Nuevo Reino de Granada. Este texto se fundamenta en el enfoque historiográfico y metodológico de la historia regional y local, dirigida al estudio de los fenómenos y procesos urbanos, poblacionales y político-administrativos. Problemas que, en los últimos años, los historiadores han comenzado a indagar en los contextos provinciales y parroquiales. El autor recurre a los archivos internacionales, nacionales, departamentales y de las Academias de Historia, así como a las fuentes documentales impresas, gráficas  e historiográficas.

  11. Tres veces en la plaza: Escenificación de una ceremonia estatal de perdón público por actos de violencia paramilitar en Colombia

    Gabriel Ruiz Romero

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Los actos de violencia armada tienen la capacidad de resignificar los espacios alrededor de los cuales una comunidad ha construido su identidad social. En el pequeño poblado palafito de Nueva Venecia (Magdalena-Colombia, tres distintos actores armados (la guerrilla, los paramilitares de extrema derecha y la fuerza pública colombiana convocaron a la población, en tres distintos momentos, en el mismo espacio social: la plaza principal del pueblo. En la primera reunión, el primer grupo advirtió sobre la posibilidad de una masacre; en la segunda, los pobladores fueron víctimas y testigos de la forma en que el segundo grupo la ejecutaba; y en la tercera reunión, el tercer grupo ofrecía excusas por lo sucedido. El artículo analiza la forma en que estos tres actos determinaron tres marcas del continuum de la violencia sobre ese espacio nodal de memoria. El texto está organizado narrativamente alrededor del último de estos actos, cuando representantes del ejército y la policía colombianas ofician una ceremonia pública de perdón por la masacre paramilitar. El análisis de dicha ceremonia la revela más como un escenario donde los agentes de memorias enfrentadas despliegan dispositivos discursivos para legitimarse socialmente como un verdadero acto de reparación simbólica.

  12. Mapas mentales del centro histórico de Santa Marta

    Ubaldo Rodríguez de Ávila Sharol Cortés

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Al establecer y definir las principales argumentaciones teóricas que pueden acotar (desde nuestra visión y definir los conceptos de representación socioespacial, estudiado a través de la técnica y a la vez metodología de Mapas Mentales, como una forma de conocimiento social, elaboramos este nuevo aporte en el que se plantea una investigación que quiere ofrecer un modelo acerca de cómo abordar metodológicamente el tema que nos ocupa. Extracto científico del trabajo de grado de los autores del mismo, estudiantes de grado de Psicología de la Universidad del Magdalena, titulado: Representación Socioespacial del Centro Hisórico de Santa Marta, situándonos en la necesidad de conocer los mapas mentales como construcción de la realidad y la manera como el conocimiento se construye en ella. De este modo, la principal meta que se traza es la comprensión de los Mapas Mentales que los sujetos que usan el centro Histórico de Santa Marta tienen formado. (Duazary 2006; 2:153-163

  13. Valoración del cambio ambiental según los “junqueros” y “leñateros” en el sector sur de la región rioplatense (Argentina

    Pablo C. Stampella

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Mediante un abordaje etnoecológico, se realizaron 24 entrevistas a informantes calificados de los partidos de Magdalena y Punta Indio, en el litoral rioplatense, con el objetivo de recopilar y evaluar las narrativas de junqueros y leñateros locales respecto del cambio ambiental y su impacto en sus vidas cotidianas. Estas actividades extractivas (obtención de leña y recolección de juncos fueron muy importantes en esta zona, aunque en la actualidad sufren una merma, sobre todo en la actividad junquera, debido principalmente a dos acontecimientos que marcaron el rumbo de la actividad: derrame de petróleo y cambios en los sistemas productivos. En la actividad leñera se registraron cambios principalmente como producto de la creación de la Reserva de Biosfera “Parque Costero del Sur”, sin embargo, a diferencia de los junqueros, la abundancia del recurso leñatero y la reformulación en las prácticas y estrategias de selección hizo posible la permanencia de la actividad a pesar de los cambios sufridos en el área de estudio. Las actividades ejercidas por los informantes influyeron en las narrativas sobre su valoración del cambio ambiental, dado que se reconocieron pocos cambios en común, principalmente, en relación con el clima y la fauna.

  14. LISTA COMENTADA DE LAS PLANTAS VASCULARES DEL ENCLAVE SECO INTERANDINO DE LA TATACOA (HUILA, COLOMBIA

    FIGUEROA-C. YISELA

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el inventario florístico del enclave seco interandino de La Tatacoa (vallede la parte alta del río Magdalena, Huila, Colombia. Se encontraron 223 especies,distribuidas en 170 géneros y 60 familias. A nivel florístico, la familia Leguminosaees la más diversificada con 36 especies y 28 géneros, seguida por Poaceae (20/15,Euphorbiaceae (13/6, Asteraceae (10/10 y Cactaceae (8/7. El hábito de crecimientopredominante en términos de riqueza de especies fue el de las hierbas, seguido porlos hábitos leñosos (árboles, arbustos y sufrútices, y el mayor número de especiesse encontró en las zonas de áreas abiertas y en las riberas de quebradas. Se registrancuatro hallazgos corológicos interesantes, incluyendo el primer registro de Sennauniflora para Colombia.

  15. Coastal erosion: Coast problem of the Colombian Caribbean; Erosion costera: Problema de la costa del Caribe Colombiano

    Martinez, Jaime Orlando

    1986-11-01

    The erosion promoted by the sea, affects different sectors of the coast of the Colombian Caribbean. The erosion is particularly clear in the central and western sector of the coast. The coastal problem of Punta Sabanilla - Puerto Salgar - Puerto Colombia; Pueblo Nuevo - Lomarena; Manzanillo del Mar; La Boquilla; sector Tolu - Covenas and Arboletes areas are described. This discussion is presented comform to the data obtained in field and of the revision of maps, pictures and other documents related with the coast design. The coastal erosion is not only affecting to low areas conformed by beaches, but rather this phenomenon impacts on rocky cliffs of different elevation; it is the case of El Castillo and Punta Sabanilla to Barranquilla (west Part) sectors . The causes of the setback that it experiences the coast of the Colombian Caribbean are not known in clear form; however they can be contributing such factors as: the elevation of the sea level, phenomenon that has been checked in different costs of the world; equally it can be due to a decrease in the volume of silts contributed by the Magdalena River, inside the coastal area. A third factor would be related with the diapirism of mud, that possibly would be altering the conformation of the Caribbean littoral.

  16. Checklist of the freshwater fishes of Colombia: a Darwin Core alternative to the updating problem

    Carlos DoNascimiento

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The present work is part of a process to create a Catalogue of the Freshwater Fishes of Colombia and consisted in the depuration and updating of the taxonomic and geographic components of the checklist of the freshwater fishes of Colombia. An exhaustive revision of the 1435 species recorded in 2008 was necessary to: 1. Add new species described since 2009 and species originally described from Colombia but inadvertently omitted in 2008; 2. Add new records of already described species; 3. Delete species whose presence in Colombia was not supported by voucher specimens in ichthyological collections; and 4. Revise the geographic distribution of the species listed in 2008. This process resulted in the following numbers: 1. Total number of freshwater fish species in Colombia: 1494; 2. Number of species recorded by hydrographic region - Amazon: 706, Orinoco: 663, Caribbean: 223, Magdalena-Cauca: 220, Pacific: 130; and 3. Number of endemic species: 374 (76% from the trans-Andean region. Updating the current checklist is a fundamental requirement to ensure its incorporation in the decision-making process with regard to the conservation of Colombian aquatic species and ecosystems, which are facing transformation processes as a result of activities such as mining, construction of hydroelectric plants, expansion of the agricultural frontier and subsequent deforestation, industrial and domestic pollution, development of waterways, introduction of exotic species, and climate change.

  17. Geographic variation in the advertisement calls of Hyla eximia and its possible explanations.

    Rodríguez-Tejeda, Ruth E; Méndez-Cárdenas, María Guadalupe; Islas-Villanueva, Valentina; Macías Garcia, Constantino

    2014-01-01

    Populations of species occupying large geographic ranges are often phenotypically diverse as a consequence of variation in selective pressures and drift. This applies to attributes involved in mate choice, particularly when both geographic range and breeding biology overlap between related species. This condition may lead to interference of mating signals, which would in turn promote reproductive character displacement (RCD). We investigated whether variation in the advertisement call of the mountain treefrog (Hyla eximia) is linked to geographic distribution with respect to major Mexican river basins (Panuco, Lerma, Balsas and Magdalena), or to coexistence with its sister (the canyon treefrog, Hyla arenicolor) or another related species (the dwarf treefrog, Tlalocohyla smithii). We also evaluated whether call divergence across the main river basins could be linked to genetic structure. We found that the multidimensional acoustic space of calls from two basins where H. eximia currently interacts with T. smithii, was different from the acoustic space of calls from H. eximia elsewhere. Individuals from these two basins were also distinguishable from the rest by both the phylogeny inferred from mitochondrial sequences, and the genetic structure inferred from nuclear markers. The discordant divergence of H. eximia advertisement calls in the two separate basins where its geographic range overlaps that of T. smithii can be interpreted as the result of two independent events of RCD, presumably as a consequence of acoustic interference in the breeding choruses, although more data are required to evaluate this possibility.

  18. Microorganisms in Soils of Bovine Production Systems in Tropical Lowlands and Tropical Highlands in the Department of Antioquia, Colombia

    Licet Paola Molina-Guzmán

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Studies on the physical and chemical effects of extensive grazing on soils have been performed in Colombia, but the effects of dairy cattle rearing on the biological properties of soils are not well known. The objective of this study was to evaluate microorganisms in 48 soils from livestock farms in the highland and lowland tropics in the Northern and Magdalena Medio subregions of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia. Principal component analysis demonstrated differences in the edaphic compositions of the soils, with increased percentages of root colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and the density of microorganisms in farms that have soils with moderate phosphorus and nitrogen contents, low potassium content, and a moderately acidic pH. Agglomerative cluster analysis showed two groups for the highland tropic soils and six groups for the lowland tropic soils based on their population densities and interactions with the studied parameters. These results represent a first attempt to describe the density of microorganisms and the effect of soil physicochemical parameters on colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in areas with determinant agroecological conditions, microbial functional diversity, and the presence of mycorrhizal fungi in livestock farm soils in Colombia.

  19. Práctica pedagógica y lengua escrita: una búsqueda de sentido

    Fabio Jurado Valencia

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se refiere a las prácticas pedagógicas que predominan en el aprendizaje inicial de la lectura y la escritura en la escuela. Es el resultado de una investigación de carácter cualitativo en la que participaron docentes de preescolar y de básica primaria de la ciudad de Santa Marta, estudiantes del programa de Preescolar de la Facultad de Educación de la Universidad del Magdalena y estudiantes del ciclo complementario de la Escuela Normal Superior San Pedro Alejandrino. La investigación se adelantó a través de talleres, de reuniones con grupos focalizados, con observación participante en el aula, registro de videos y entrevistas a profundidad; se puso a prueba el enfoque comunicativo a partir del trabajo con textos publicitarios. Los resultados de la investigación muestran la permanencia del eclecticismo en las prácticas pedagógicas y la complejidad que implica la incorporación del enfoque comunicativo en la iniciación escolar de los niños en la lectura y la escritura.

  20. EXTINCTION RISK OR LACK OF SAMPLING IN A THREATENED SPECIES: GENETIC STRUCTURE AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUITABILITY OF THE NEOTROPICAL FROG PRISTIMANTIS PENELOPUS (ANURA: CRAUGASTORIDAE

    ADRIANA RESTREPO

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT IUCN Red Lists have been a valuable tool to prioritize conservation plans in endemic neotropical frogs. However, many areas in this region are poorly known in terms of their diversity and endemism. Based on examined museum specimens of the threatened species Pristimantis penelopus we revised its geographic distribution and determined the habitat suitability using niche modeling techniques. Using a mitochondrial fragment of COI gene, we determine the phylogenetic position and the extent of the genetic variation across its distribution in Colombia. We present the first records of P. penelopus for the Cordillera Oriental, the western versant of Cordillera Occidental and the northern portion of the Cauca river basin. Based on the molecular phylogenetic analysis, Pristimantis penelopus belongs to the P. ridens series sensu (Padial et al., 2014. The mean of intraspecific genetic variation is 2.1% and the variation among population ranges between 2.3 and 3.5%. The genetic distance between the western populations and the Magdalena Valley populations suggests a potential phylogeographic break in northwestern Antioquia. We expand the realized distribution by 258 kilometers north, 200 km east and 223 km northwest. Based on our results and according to the IUCN criteria we propose a new category for the species and highlight the need to increase the surveys in poorly known regions to better understand the geographic distribution and conservation status of listed species.

  1. Threat Assessment of Small Near-Earth Objects

    Ryan, E.; Ryan, W.

    2010-09-01

    Researchers at the Magdalena Ridge Observatory’s (MRO) 2.4-meter telescope facility are in their third year of a program to derive physical characterization information on some of the smallest (less than 200 meters in diameter) objects in the Near-Earth Object (NEO) population. Tiny comets and asteroids are being discovered by survey programs on a routine basis, so targets available for study have been abundant. Our primary objective is to derive rotation rates for these objects, and to place the results in context with previous data to enhance our understanding of asteroid impact physics and better address the threat from NEOs having Earth-crossing orbits. Rotation rate can be used to infer internal structure, which is a physical property important to assessing the energy needed for object disruption or other forms of hazard mitigation. Since the existing database of rotational data derived from lightcurves of objects in this small size regime is sparse, collection of additional observational data is beneficial. Acquiring more knowledge about the physical nature of NEOs not only contributes to general scientific pursuits, but is important to planetary defense.

  2. Trophic Habits, Morphometry and Gonadal Status of Five Fish Species in Different Climatic Periods at the Rio Sogamoso (Santander, Colombia)

    Ramirez C, Angelica; Pinilla A, Gabriel

    2012-01-01

    The objective of this research was to determine some bioecological aspects for five fish species of the Rio Sogamoso, to generate baseline information that will permit analyze the impacts generated for the construction and operation of the Hidrosogamoso dam. For each specimen collected the standard length and total weight were recorded, the correlation between weight and length (W= aLb) was calculated, the gonadal status and the coefficient of vacuity were determined, and the importance of each food category was defined. The Bocachico (Prochilodus magdalenae) reached greatest abundance in the river during the dry season and the beginning of spawning was recorded in December. Its vacuity coefficient was high and its diet was based on organic matter. Pimelodus blochii and P. grosskopfii reported the greatest catches in December; their diet was based on insects and fish. The Loricariids Chaetostoma cf. thomsoni and Sturisoma aureum were captured only in the middle and upper reaches of river. Their diet was based on organic matter. It is required a more detailed and continue study to set the reproductive cycle of Pimelodus spp. and Loricariids. Given the status of threatened species and its migration dynamics, the Bocachico is one of the most sensitive species to the construction, filling and operation of the hydroelectric dam on the Rio Sogamoso. For Loricariids, the reduction of Rio Sogamoso flow may decrease their habitats and limit the connection to the tributaries through which they migrate.

  3. Mejoramiento de la gestión de las microempresas del sector de confecciones de la ciudad de Santa Marta D.T.C.H.

    Jelibeth Racedo Gutiérrez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available La Universidad del Magdalena, con apoyo del Fondo Colombiano de Modernización y Desarrollo Tecnológico de las Micro, Pequeñas y Medianas Empresas (Fomipyme, ejecuto un proyecto cuyo objetivo fue fortalecer la gestión integral, productividad y competitividad de catorce (14 micro y una pequeña empresa del subsector de confecciones. Con este proyecto se buscó generar espacios para la transferencia de conocimientos a través de la capacitación a empresarios en áreas de importancia dentro del ámbito organizacional como planeación estratégica, mercadeo, programación y control de la producción; apoyado en asistencias técnicas y seguimiento. Lo anterior aporto de manera significativa al desarrollo de capacidades para el fortalecimiento de la productividad y competitividad del subsector de confecciones, a través de análisis DOFA en diferentes áreas, además de la puesta en marcha de un número de estrategias acordes a las necesidades de las empresas.

  4. Geomorphology of the Southern Gulf of California Seafloor

    Eakins, B. W.; Lonsdale, P. F.; Fletcher, J. M.; Ledesma, J. V.

    2004-12-01

    A Spring 2004 multibeam sonar survey defined the seafloor geomorphology of the southern part of Gulf of California and the intersection of the East Pacific Rise with the North American continent. Survey goals included mapping structural patterns formed during the rifting that opened the Gulf and identifying the spatial transition from continental rifting to seafloor spreading. Multibeam sonar imagery, augmented with archival data and a subaerial DEM of Mexico, illuminates the principal features of this boundary zone between obliquely diverging plates: (i) active and inactive oceanic risecrests within young oceanic basins that are rich in evidence for off-axis magmatic eruption and intrusion; (ii) transforms with pull-apart basins and transpressive ridges along shearing continental margins and within oceanic crust; (iii) orphaned blocks of continental crust detached from sheared and rifted continental margins; and (iv) young, still-extending continental margins dissected by submarine canyons that in many cases are deeply drowned river valleys. Many of the canyons are conduits for turbidity currents that feed deep-sea fans on oceanic and subsided continental crust, and channel sediment to spreading axes, thereby modifying the crustal accretion process. We present a series of detailed bathymetric and seafloor reflectivity maps of this MARGINS Rupturing Continental Lithosphere focus site illustrating geomorphologic features of the southern part of the Gulf, from Guaymas Basin to the Maria Magdalena Rise.

  5. Desayuno con partículas la ciencia como nunca antes se ha contado

    Fernández-Vidal, Sonia

    2013-01-01

    Tienes en las manos un ensayo sobre física cuántica, así es. Un momento, por favor, ¡espera! No dejes que eso te asuste y sueltes el libro de golpe. ¿Aceptarías una invitación a desayunar? Si aceptas esta proposición y te aventuras a navegar entre estas páginas, descubrirás un universo tan maravilloso como desconcertante. La teoría cuántica es una de las más bellas y asombrosas de la ciencia. Las reglas que sigue son alocadas en comparación con nuestro día a día. Son anti-intuitivas. Al adentrarnos en el mundo cuántico se ponen en jaque nuestras creencias sobre la realidad, también de nuestra realidad cotidiana. Sonia Fernández-Vidal, escritora y doctora en Física Cuántica, y Francesc Miralles, escritor y periodista, nos invitan a un divertido desayuno al que están invitadostambién asistirán Newton, Einstein, Heisenberg y otros famosos físicos de la historia. Entre magdalenas, donuts, café con leche y zumos de naranja, emprenderemos un fascinante y revelador viaje a los orígenes del...

  6. Synthesis of the Paleoenvironmental changes in the Colombian lowlands

    Berrio, Juan Carlos

    2002-01-01

    This chapter includes a summary of all cores studied for this thesis, and one important factor to mention about the origin of the lakes at the Colombian lowlands, out of the climatic change, is the riverine influence that have been driven their evolution, some times with stronger dynamic than others, but enough as to be repercussive over the vegetation communities. This sort of dynamics made possible to accumulate different kind of sediments, which can be correlated with the pollen assemblages found in the pollen records. Moreover, multivariate analysis of raw pollen data standardizes the zonation of pollen records (Grimm, 1987), which contribute to get better interpretation from the pollen spectra. The sites of this thesis mainly belongs to the 5 major ecosystems of Colombia as follow: Boquillas in the lower Magdalena valley in the north, savannahs pollen records from the Llanos Orientales in the east, Amazonian pollen records in south and the tropical rain forest in the west and the interandean dry forest in the southwest

  7. Primer taller de orfebrería prehispánica excavado en Colombia (siglos IX-XVI d. C.

    Juan Manuel Llanos Chaparro

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se exponen de mane - ra sucinta los resultados más relevantes de la primera excavación arqueológica en Colom - bia realizada en un taller orfebre prehispá - nico que funcionó por más de ochocientos años en la cuenca baja del río Saldaña, valle del Magdalena. Los grupos humanos es - tablecidos en el lugar durante el periodo Tardío (siglos IX-XVII d. C. contaban con los conocimientos técnicos (martillado-re - cocido y vaciado a la cera perdida, las he - rramientas (cerámica refractaria e industria lítica y los recursos forestales y minerales necesarios para elaborar piezas en cobre y oro de alta calidad, complejidad y tamaño (pectorales acorazonados, figuras antropo - morfas y zoomorfas con extremidades en escuadra. La tecnología empleada, aunque en apariencia “sencilla” por la ausencia de hornos o estructuras pirotecnológicas com - plejas, era muy eficiente.

  8. La adecuación de tierras en el departamento de Antioquia.

    Arango T. Julio César

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available Los programas estatales de adecuación de tierras en Colombia comenzaron a partir de la década del 50, durante la cual se emprendió la construcción de infraestructuras básicas para el riego, el drenaje y el control de inundaciones. Las inversiones efectuadas por distintas entidades que en el país han tenido que ver con el Sector de la Adecuación de Tierras han sido cuantiosas y con ellas, se beneficiaron durante muchos años, los agricultores situados en distintas zonas planas de los departamentos del Tolima, Boyacá, Magdalena, Valle del Cauca entre otros. Antioquia durante este mismo tiempo, no se favoreció de esos recursos, por la carencia de políticas estatales en el Sector de la Adecuación de Tierras, solamente a partir de 1983, con el montaje por parte del HIMAT del Programa Nacional de Pequeña Irrigación, comienzan a solucionarse los problemas de manejo del agua para el riego de los cultivos en distintas veredas de Antioquia. Hoy se dispone de 29 distritos de riego en pequeña escala, los cuales corresponden a una superficie total de 3.759 ha, en las cuales, se benefician 1.510 familias campesinas.

  9. Elizabeth Ferri y Stephen Ferry (2017. La batea. Ícono Editores

    Santiago Rueda Fajardo

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available El nuevo libro de uno de los fotógrafos que más ha seguido el enrevesado, complejo e interminable conflicto colombiano, Stephen Ferry. Pero el libro es ante todo, un homenaje a los trabajadores del oro en este país. Así como Timothy Prus escogió la vaca y la orquídea como argumento para describir lo que considera una fotografía genérica colombiana, Ferry junto a su hermana Elizabeth, quien realiza con el fotógrafo la investigación y escribe con maestría los textos del libro, han escogido el oro, y en concreto la batea, como herramienta para explicarnos y acercarnos a las luchas de los trabajadores artesanales del metal en tres lugares concretos de Colombia, Segovia, Marmato y Yolombó, con un breve epílogo que suceden en Mompox, donde el artesanato orfebre sobrevive en el tiempo muerto de las riveras del Río Magdalena

  10. Mercury in environmental samples from a waterbody contaminated by gold mining in Colombia, South America.

    Olivero, J; Solano, B

    1998-06-30

    Environmental samples from a marsh, which receives mercury discharges from a gold mine in Colombia (South America), were evaluated for total mercury content. Mercury concentrations were analyzed in sediments, macrophytes and fish species from different trophic levels. The Mean mercury levels in sediments oscillated between 140 and 355 micrograms/kg whereas in the macrophyte Eichornia crassipes levels were between 219 and 277 microgram/kg with practically no interseasonal variations. The mercury content in the muscle of fish varied depending on the position in the trophic chain and the feeding habits of each species, oscillating between non-detectable (< 7.4 microgram/kg) and 1084 micrograms/kg. Seasonal variations were only observed in fish species whose habitats are mostly the bottom sediment. The presence of mercury in some fish appeared to be the result of bioaccumulation rather than a biomagnification processes. This was clearly evidenced in the detritivorous species Triportheus magdalenae which obtain their food within the sediments and whose mercury concentrations were significantly higher when compared to the other species including carnivorous. The relatively low mercury concentrations found in fish may be due to both the dispersion of the contaminant once it reaches the waterbody and the migrational characteristics of the fish species.

  11. The Space Elevator and Its Promise for Next Generation Exploration

    Laubscher, Bryan E.

    2006-01-01

    Bryan E. Laubscher received his Ph.D. in physics in 1994 from the University of New Mexico with a concentration in astrophysics. He is currently on entrepreneurial leave from Los Alamos National Laboratory where he is a project leader and he has worked in various capacities for 16 years. His past projects include LANL's portion of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, Magdalena Ridge Observatory and a project developing concepts and technologies for space situational awareness. Over the years Bryan has participated in research in astronomy, lidar, non-linear optics, space mission design, space-borne instrumentation design and construction, spacecraft design, novel electromagnetic detection concepts and technologies, detector/receiver system development, spectrometer development, interferometry and participated in many field experiments. Bryan led space elevator development at LANL until going on entrepreneurial leave in 2006. On entrepreneurial leave, Bryan is starting a company to build the strongest materials ever created. These materials are based upon carbon nanotubes, the strongest structures known in nature and the first material identified with sufficient strength-to-weight properties to build a space elevator.

  12. The benthonic macro invertebrates of Pozo Azul (Gaira River basin, Colombia) and their relationship with water quality

    Guerrero Bolano, Francisco; Manjares Hernandez, Ana; Nunez Padilla, Norbelis

    2003-01-01

    On July 2002, a study of some physicochemical parameters and their relationship with the benthonic macro invertebrates community structure on four coriotypes: stone, trash, silt and macrophytes, was carried out in Pozo Azul (Gaira River Basin, Magdalena, Colombia). The physicochemical parameters were determined, to a considerable extent, by the geographic characteristics of the system. The water was found to be oxygen saturated, and intermediate compounds of the organic matter stabilization, such as nitrites and ammonium, there were found 588 individuals distributed in 11 orders and 38 families. The most representative orders were trichoptera, coleoptera, diptera and ephemeroptera. The most representative families were baetidae, simullidae, perlidae, chironomidae, and hydropsychidae, in this rank of abundance. The BMWP index for the relationship between the community structure and the water quality (adapted by Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia) was calculated. According to this index the water quality was optimum. Also, given the general characteristics of the site studied, the water mass quality was classified as good and oligosaprobit, based on the saprobit ecology. It is possible that this state was reached due to stabilization after a small perturbation induced by coffee cultivation in the zone

  13. Th, Pa and U isotopes in an echinoderm, Encope grandis

    Omura, Akio; Ku, Teh-Lung.

    1979-01-01

    The application of 230 Th and 231 Pa growth methods to the hard tissues of living things, which are effective for the radiometric age measurement for latter Quaternary period, has been limited to certain corals, therefore it has been scarcely utilized in other areas than coral reefs. Reef coral fossils (Porites) were obtained from terrace deposits of Magdalena Island in Southern Baja California, and the methods were applied to them. At the time, the isotope compositions of Th, Pa and U in the shells of echinoderm Encope Grandis and of the living samples were examined. The estimated ages were in agreement with those of coral. It suggests that the reliable 230 Th and 231 Pa ages of sea-urchin fossils were presented for the first time and that the method is applicable to such fossils only if the conditions can be met. The results are highly significant, since the method may be used in other areas than coral reefs. (J.P.N.)

  14. Comparative analysis of the reproductive strategy of lion's paw scallop Nodipecten subnodosus in Baja California Sur, Mexico

    Marco A Angel-Dapa

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The reproductive strategy of lion's paw scallop Nodipecten subnodosus was evaluated in a culturing system in Bahía Tortugas, Baja California Sur, Mexico during an annual cycle, comparing its response with data previously reported at other localities. High frequencies of ripe gonads throughout the year indicate that reproduction was continuous, with two main ripening/spawning events: July-September and December-March. A continuous breeding is also reported for the species in Bahía Magdalena, Bahía Juncalito, and Bahía de Los Angeles. These eutrophic areas are Biological Active Centers where gametogenesis appears to be regulated by the energy taken from recently ingested food following an opportunistic strategy. However, the digestive gland index decreased and the muscle indices increased during one of the breeding peaks, suggesting that some stored reserves are also used to sustain gametogenesis (conservative strategy partially. High incidences of atretic oocytes are likely associated with atypical daily variations in water temperature from May through September (12 to 33°C, or with stressful conditions in the culturing system in summer. Despite this, the culturing system set in Bahía Tortugas appears beneficial for a continuous reproduction of N. subnodosus.

  15. GSF - Forschungszentrum fuer Umwelt und Gesundheit. Annual report 2004; GSF - Forschungszentrum fuer Umwelt und Gesundheit. Jahresbericht 2004

    Wiedemann, M.; Haury, H.J.; Goedde, M.; Guldner, H.; Kettembeil, S.; Leser, B.; Meyer-Streng, O. (eds.)

    2005-07-01

    Recent years have been shaped by the introduction of programme-oriented funding. In 2004, we were able once again to focus on the real goal of the GSF, the performance of excellent research. The effects of fine particles, for example, are at the centre of public interest. This topic is not only of great importance for health, it also has a wide-reaching economic significance; we have only to think of filters for diesel engines. The GSF was involved in many scientific successes. For example, the results on the economic costs of smoking received considerable attention from both the general public and the scientific world. GSF scientists were involved in the decoding of the chicken genome and the discovery of a Parkinson gene. Together with university and other research organisations, they founded a Virtual Institute on Biotic Interactions, and took part in an international project on the development of combination vaccines against HIV. The setting up of the GSF 'glass laboratory', which was created with substantial support form the Helmholtz Association, is particularly worthy of mention. GSF scientists have been awarded various prizes, for example the Felix Wankel Prize awarded to Professor Jean-Marie Buerstedde. The Bavarian Advancement of Women Prize 2004, which distinguished exemplary initiatives in the area of family and women's advancement, was a special honour. Professor Magdalena Goetz was appointed Director of the Institute for Stem Cell Research. (orig.)

  16. The Kelp Gull as bioindicator of environmental chemicals in the Magellan region. A comparison with other coastal sites in Chile

    Jacqueline Muñoz

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available During the breeding seasons 1994/5 and 1995/6 we collected Kelp Gull (Larus dominicanus eggs from five locations in central to south Chile to study the contamination with mercury and organochlorine compounds. The sites were Algarrobo, Concepción, Maiquillahue Bay, Doña Sebastiana Island (Chalcao channel at Chiloé and Magdalena Island (Straits of Magellan. We found differences among the sites: Kelp Gull eggs from Chiloé and Algarrobo had the greatest concentrations of mercury (about 170 ng g-1 fresh weight. Residues of DDT were greatest in eggs from Algarrobo and Maiquillahue Bay, those of PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls greatest at Algarrobo and Concepción. HCB had highest levels at Concepción. Considering all organochlorines, samples from Algarrobo had the highest concentrations, those from Chiloé the lowest. In consequence we found a geographical pattern from north to south, i.e., from areas with greater to lesser human impact. In comparison with other studies, the levels of environmental chemicals found in Kelp Gulls from Chile are much lower than those known to cause adverse effects on reproductive success.

  17. Bakery products enriched with phytosterol esters, alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene decrease plasma LDL-cholesterol and maintain plasma beta-carotene concentrations in normocholesterolemic men and women.

    Quílez, Joan; Rafecas, Magda; Brufau, Gemma; García-Lorda, Pilar; Megías, Isabel; Bulló, Mònica; Ruiz, Joan A; Salas-Salvadó, Jordi

    2003-10-01

    The hypocholesterolemic effects of phytosterols have not been evaluated in bakery products, and the addition of liposoluble antioxidants to the carrier has never been tested. We investigated the effects of consuming croissants and magdalenas (Spanish muffins) enriched with sterol esters, alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene on plasma lipid and fat-soluble antioxidant concentrations in normocholesterolemic, habitual consumers of bakery products following their usual diet and lifestyle. Using a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled design, the control (C) group (n = 29) received two pieces daily (standard croissant and muffin) and the sterol ester (SE) group (n = 28), the same products with sterol esters added (3.2 g/d) for 8 wk. Total and LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) decreased in the SE group by 0.24 mmol/L (P bakery products are excellent carriers for phytosterols, and their consumption is associated with a decrease in total and LDL-C concentrations, with no changes in alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene. The ability of bakery products to include sufficient quantities of beta-carotene to compensate for a potential deficiency, and the fact that their efficacy was not associated with the time of day at which they were consumed, are interesting findings.

  18. Matar a un Historiador

    Enrique GIMÉNEZ LÓPEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available En el verano de 1987, la Universidad Menéndez Pelayo, en su sede santanderina de la Magdalena, organizaba un curso titulado «Delito y pecado en la España del Barroco». Participaron en él, bajo la dirección de Francisco Tomás y Valiente, historiadores del Derecho como Bartolomé Clavero, Enrique Gacto, José Luis Bermejo, Antonio M. Hespanha y Clara Álvarez Alonso. Fue, para los más de cien alumnos que tuvieron la fortuna de asistir, un curso inolvidable donde se unió el rigor con el humor, la seriedad conceptual con la más fina ironía. Para fortuna de todos, los textos de aquellas jornadas se reunieron en un libro que publicó Alianza en 1990 con el título de «Sexo barroco y otras transgresiones premodernas ». Los dos primeros capítulos, que recogen las conferencias impartidas por Tomás y Valiente, tienen la virtud de mostrar, con transparencia meridiana, la pesonalidad irrepetible del hombre, del jurista y del historiador.

  19. Evaluando el estado de la biodiversidad: el caso de la avifauna de la Serranía de las Quinchas, Boyacá, Colombia

    Stiles Hurd Frank Galfierd

    2000-07-01

    Full Text Available Using sight and auditory records made during extensive observations, supplemented by mist-net captures and tape recordings, we made an inventory of the birds of three sites differing in elevation and degree of human transformation of the landscape, in the Serranía de las Quinchas in the middle Magdalena valley of Colombia. We estimated per cent cover of different habitat types in each site and abundances of birds in each, based upon encounter frequencies, and developed an ecological classification of the birds that emphasized their degrees of association with primary, disturbed or manmade habitats. With 10-1 3 field days per site and a total of 833 birds captured in 1083 net-hours, we recorded a total of 308 species in the studv area. The form of the species accumulation curves and distributions of abundances indicated that the samples from the three sites were comparable. The numbers and abundances of species in different ecological categories varied in accord with the representation of the different habitat types between sites; the two sites with the largest extensions of primary forest had greater species richness. The majority of forest-restricted species occurred at a single site; on average, the most generalized species with respect to tree cover occured in two or more sites; and species of open habitats occurred in one site (elevation specialists or all three. Most species were breeding in April, also the best month for auditory records. The suboscine passerines of the suborder Furnarii (antbirds, ovenbirds and allies include the largest single group of forest- restricted species which could serve as an indicator of the state of conservation of forest habitat, provided the appropriate species are chosen - most families include species with diverse habitat requirements. The scarcity or absence of several groups subject to hunting pressure was noteworthy in an otherwise healthy forest avifauna. The known or suspected presence of several

  20. The Benthonic Macroinvertebrates of Pozo Azul (Gaira River Basin, Colombia and their Relationship with Water Quality

    Francisco Guerrero-Bolaño

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available On July 2002, a study of some physicochemical parameters and their relationship with the benthonic macroinvertebrates community structure on four coriotypes: stone, trash, silt and macrophytes, was carried out in Pozo Azul (Gaira River basin, Magdalena, Colombia. The physicochemical parameters were determined, to a considerable extent, by the geographic characteristics of the system. The water was found to be oxygen saturated, and intermediate compounds of the organic matter stabilization, such as nitrites and ammonium, there were found 588 individuals distributed in 11 orders and 38 families. The most representative orders were Trichoptera, Coleoptera, Diptera and Ephemeroptera. The most representative families were Baetidae, Simullidae, Perlidae, Chironomidae, and Hydropsychidae, in this rank of abundance. The BMWP index for the relationship between the community structure and the water quality (adapted by Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia was calculated. According to this index the water quality was optimum. Also, given the general characteristics of the site studied, the water mass quality was classified as good and oligosaprobit, based on the saprobit ecology. It is possible that this state was reached due to stabilization after a small perturbation induced by coffee cultivation in the zone.

  1. Impactos del turismo sobre el crecimiento económico y el desarrollo. El caso de los principales destinos turísticos de Colombia

    Juan Gabriel Brida

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyses the effects of tourism on the economic growth and development, focusing on the main tourism regions of Colombia: Antioquia, Bolivar, Bogotá, Magdalena and San Andrés-Providencia of Colombia. For the analysis, the study uses annual data from 1990 to 2006. Firstly, the work presents a quantitative exercise describing the evolution of the participation of the tourism sector in the different regions and its contribution to economic growth. The analysis shows an increasing participation of tourism in the economic growth of each region during the periods 1990-1999 and 2003-2006 and a decresing in the intermediate period. Secondly, the study uses cointegration analysis to evaluate the existence of VEC among real GDP per capita, tourism expenditures and real exchange rates. We show that the causality relationship is positive and unidirectional for all the regions but the values of elasticities are considerable different. This implies that a change in tourism expenditure will produce different effects on the economic growth of the regions.

  2. First record of Pseudomyicola spinosus in Argopecten ventricosus in Baja California, Mexico.

    Cáceres-Martínez, Carlos; Chávez-Villalba, Jorge; Garduño-Méndez, Laura

    2005-06-01

    This is the first record of the copepod Pseudomyicola spinosus in the scallop Argopecten ventricosus in northwestern Mexico, and describes: (1) the known annual prevalence and intensity of this copepod on scallops from culture sites (Gulf of California) and natural populations (Pacific coast), (2) the histopathological effects caused on the soft tissues of scallops, and (3) the relationship between prevalence and intensity records and environmental parameters. The copepod was present throughout the period of investigation, showing similar prevalence and ratio of copepod to scallop patterns in both cultured scallops and wild specimens from natural habitats. Highest prevalence and ratio values were detected in summer-autumn at both sites, probably because scallops showed a weak condition from the combined effects of spawning, reabsorption of residual gametes, and high temperature. The condition index of A. ventricosus showed a significant correlation with the presence of the copepod in Magdalena Bay (-0.67). P. spinosus was observed in the gills of scallops, producing alterations or rupture of filaments, and in the stomach, causing detachment and loss of the epithelium. No relationship between copepod infestation with temperature, salinity, chlorophyll, and seston were found during the investigation. Although P. spinosus was present year-round at both sites, no association between infestation and scallop mortalities was detected.

  3. Potentiometric stripping analysis of Cadmium and Lead in superficial waters

    Arias, Juan Miguel; Marciales Castiblanco, Clara

    2003-01-01

    This paper contains the implementation and validation of an analytical method for determining cadmium and lead in surface waters. This is a valuable tool for the description of actual conditions and qualitative and quantitative control of dangerous heavy metals discharge in water bodies. Test were run for selecting stripping potentiometry conditions that as indicated by results were: sample oxidant concentration 36.4 μg/L Hg 2+ stirring frequency 2400 rpm, electrolysis time 80 s., electrolysis potential -950 mV and pH of 2.0. Interference of Cu 2+ and Fe 2+ showed that copper concentrations larger than 150 μg/L and 500 μg/L negatively influence the analytical response for Cadmium and lead respectively; [Fe 3+ ] larger than 60 μg/L and 400 μg/L cause variations in cadmium and lead read content respectively. Linear concentration range for cadmium lies between 5 and 250 μg/L; for lead range goes from 10 to 250 μg/L. Precision expressed as repeatability for both system and method, exhibit good reproducibility with variation coefficients below 6%. Accuracy, assessed from recuperation, is strongly influenced by concentration level therefore standard addition is recommended for lead and cadmium quantification. Analysis performed on surface waters from Colombian Magdalena and Cauca rivers pointed lead and cadmium contents below detection limits

  4. Trayectoria y problemáticas de la antropología en Colombia. Entrevista a Eduardo Restrepo

    Inge Helena Valencia Peña

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años Eduardo Restrepo se ha convertido en una figura de gran incidencia en el escenario de la antropología colombiana. Desde sus contribuciones como coeditor de los volúmenes de Antropología en la modernidad y Antropologías transeuntes publicados por el ICANH, hasta su actual participación en la Red de Antropologías del Mundo (RAM-WAN dan cuenta de la intención de Restrepo por producir y generar debates en torno al quehacer antropológico contemporáneo. Sus preocupaciones por la enseñanza y profesionalización de la antropología en el país, al igual que el apoyo otorgado a los procesos de descentralización de la misma (en concreto al programa de antropología de la Universidad del Magdalena, demuestran una decidida apuesta por afrontar críticamente la estrecha relación entre la producción de conocimiento y el compromiso político. La entrevista que se presenta a continuación rastrea su genealogía intelectual, indagando asuntos relativos a las políticas de la representación, las antropologías del mundo y los estudios culturales. 

  5. Reseña del libro: Márquez Estrada, José Wilson. 2012. El Tranvía Eléctrico de Medellín: 1920-1951. Su aporte al proceso de modernización Urbana. Saarbrücken- Alemania: Editorial Académica Española. ISBN: 978-3-659-01680-6.

    Alexander Cano Vargas

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Este libro recoge lo fundamental de la monografía de grado, que el autor presentó en la Facultad de Ciencias Humanas de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, sede Medellín en abril de 2001 para optar el título de Magister en historia la cual fue dirigida por el profesor-investigador Fernando Botero Herrera. En América Latina desde la segunda mitad del siglo XIX, la vida aldeana se vio sacudida por los influjos de la Revolución Industrial, que transformó definitivamente la historia del transporte en esta parte del mundo. Colombia no fue ajena a esta influencia y con igual ruido se sintieron los influjos de la revolución industrial. En el campo de los transportes, se introdujeron la navegación a vapor por el río magdalena, y los ferrocarriles; también aparecieron telégrafos, alumbrado público y el servicio de correo. Este proceso transformó la vida urbana, especialmente en las primeras tres décadas del siglo XX, cuando las ciudades principales como Bogotá, Medellín y Cali experimentaron una verdadera transformación de su morfología urbana. El autor presenta un caso de ellos: el tranvía en Medellín.

  6. Gerencia de investigación y desarrollo en centros de investigación de universidades públicas colombianas

    Quintero, Johana María

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo planteó analizar las funciones gerenciales de los centros de investigación de dos (2 instituciones públicas colombianas, constituidas por la Universidad de La Guajira y Del Magdalena. Para lo cual, se consultaron los aportes teóricos de: Escorsa y Valls (2005, Bolaño y Abello (2004, Maradiago(2004, Münch y García (2005, entre otros. Bajo una metodología no experimental- descriptiva y contando con una muestra de 32 investigadores, que incluyó a los directores de Centros. A dicha muestra se le aplicó un cuestionario escala tipo Lickert, previamente validado por el juicio de 5 expertos. Entre los resultados más relevantes se destacan: i el reconocimiento de las habilidades y destrezas de los gerentes cuya capacidad le permite liderar procesos; ii alto grado de responsabilidad y mando gerencial para con el grupo de empleados que laboran en los centros de investigación; iii uso de mecanismos de evaluación no adecuados a las necesidades de los centros; iv funciones gerenciales no aplicadas de manera coherente y óptima con respecto al alcance organizacional.

  7. An Unusual Accumulation of Ribosomal Multigene Families and Microsatellite DNAs in the XX/XY Sex Chromosome System in the Trans-Andean Catfish Pimelodella cf. chagresi (Siluriformes:Heptapteridae).

    Conde-Saldaña, Cristhian Camilo; Barreto, Cynthia Aparecida Valiati; Villa-Navarro, Francisco Antonio; Dergam, Jorge Abdala

    2018-02-01

    This work constitutes the first cytogenetic characterization of a trans-Andean species of Heptapteridae. The catfish Pimelodella cf. chagresi from the Upper Rio Magdalena was studied, applying standard cytogenetic techniques (Giemsa, C-banding, and argyrophilic nucleolar organizer region [Ag-NOR]) and fluorescence in situ hybridization techniques using repetitive DNA probes: microsatellites (CA 15 and GA 15 ) and ribosomal RNA (rRNA) multigene families (18S and 5S recombinant DNA [rDNA] probes). The species showed a unique diploid chromosome number 2n = 50 (32m [metacentrics] +14sm [submetacentrics] +4st [subtelocentrics]) and a XX/XY sex chromosomal system, where the heteromorphic Y-chromosome revealed a conspicuous accumulation of all the assayed domains of repetitive DNA. P. cf. chagresi karyotype shares common features with other Heptapteridae, such as the predominance of metacentric and submetacentric chromosomes, and one pair of subtelomeric nucleolar organizer regions (NORs). These results reflect an independent karyological identity of a trans-Andean species and the relevance of repetitive DNA sequences in the process of sex chromosome differentiation in fish; it is the first case of syntenic accumulation of rRNA multigene families (18S and 5S rDNA) and microsatellite sequences (CA 15 and GA 15 ) in a differentiated sex chromosome in Neotropical fish.

  8. Provenance analysis of the Pliocene Ware Formation in the Guajira Peninsula, northern Colombia: Paleodrainage implications

    Pérez-Consuegra, Nicolás; Parra, Mauricio; Jaramillo, Carlos; Silvestro, Daniele; Echeverri, Sebastián; Montes, Camilo; Jaramillo, José María; Escobar, Jaime

    2018-01-01

    The Cocinetas Basin in the Guajira Peninsula, the northernmost tip of South America, today has a dry climate with low rainfall (ten months) and no year-long rivers or permanent standing bodies of fresh water. In contrast, the fossil and geological record indicate that the Cocinetas Basin was much wetter during the Miocene-Pliocene (∼17-2.8 Ma). Water needed to sustain the paleofauna could either have originated from local sources or been brought by a larger river system (e.g. proto Magdalena/Orinoco river) with headwaters either in Andean ranges or the Guyana shield. We present a provenance study of the Pliocene Ware Formation, using petrographic analysis of conglomerate clasts and heavy minerals, and U-Pb dating of 140 detrital zircons. Clasts and heavy minerals are typical of ensialic metamorphic and igneous sources. The detrital zircon age distribution indicates the Guajira ranges as the most probable sediment source. The overall results indicate that the fluvial system of the Ware Formation drained the surrounding ranges. The water was probably derived by local precipitation onto the Guajira peninsula.

  9. Evaluadores de este Número

    Comité Editorial

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Evaluadores NacionalesMagdalena Arnao, Universidad Nacional de CórdobaMaría Gabriela Chaparro, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Pcia. de Buenos AiresEmilio Crenzel, Universidad de Buenos AiresDaniel Feierstein, Universidad Nacional de Tres de FebreroAna María Gorosito Kramer, Universidad Nacional de MisionesAnne Gustavsson, Universidad Nacional de San MartínPaula Silvana Novellino, Museo de Ciencias Naturales y Antropológicas Juan Cornelio MoyanoNatalia Ojeda, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Pcia. de Buenos AiresFrancisco Pazzarelli, Universidad Nacional de CórdobaJaime Peire, Universidad Nacional de Tres de FebreroAna Ramos, Universidad Nacional de Río NegroAgustina Rodríguez Romero, Universidad Nacional de Tres de FebreroCarlos Salamanca, Flacso – Argentina.Jorge Suby, Universidad Nacional del Centro de la Pcia. de Buenos AiresEvaluadores Extranjeros  Karina Biondi, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, BrasilVincent Hirtzel, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique – CNRS, FranciaMaría Isabel Jociles Rubio, Universidad Compultense de Madrid, EspañaLiuba Kogan, Universidad del Pacífico, PerúDiana Marre, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, EspañaMario Ruffer, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, México

  10. Ocena skuteczności metod fizykalnych w leczeniu nietrzymania moczu u kobiet – przegląd badań = Evaluation of the efficacy of physical methods in the treatment of urinary incontinence in women - a review of research

    Magdalena Weber-Rajek

    2015-03-01

    Wydział Kultury Fizycznej, Zdrowia i Turystyki   dr n. o zdr. Magdalena Weber-Rajek Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu Collegium Medicum im. Ludwika Rydygiera w Bydgoszczy Katedra Fizjoterapii ul. Marii Skłodowskiej-Curie 9, 85-094 Bydgoszcz e-mail: magdawr69@gmail.com   Streszczenie Nietrzymanie moczu definiujemy jako objaw niekontrolowanego wycieku moczu przez cewkę moczową. Schorzenie to stanowi obecnie duży problem zdrowotny i społeczny. Fizjoterapia jest jedną z metod zachowawczego leczenia NTM. Artykuł zawiera przegląd  literatury dotyczącej metod fizykalnych stosowanych w leczeniu NTM w oparciu o artykuły zamieszczone w bazie PubMed oraz Medline.   Summary Urinary incontinence is defined as uncontrolled urine leakage through an urethra. This disease is a major health and social problem. Physiotherapy is one of the methods of conservative treatment of  urinary incontinence. The presented report contains a review of literature concerning physical methods in the treatment of urinary incontinence based of the articles included in PubMed and Medline.   Słowa kluczowe: nietrzymanie moczu, metody fizykalne, elektrostymulacja, stymulacja magnetyczna, biofeedback, terapia wibracyjna całego ciała.   Key words: urinary incontinence, physical methods, electrical stimulation, magnetic stimulation, biofeedback, whole body vibration.

  11. Riesgo de deterioro cognitivo en personas mayores de las subregiones de Antioquia, Colombia

    Angela Segura Cardona

    Full Text Available Resumen En este artículo, se buscó conocer la prevalencia de riesgo de deterioro cognitivo y su relación con factores demográficos, sociales y funcionales en las personas mayores de las subregiones de Antioquia, Colombia. Se trata de un estudio cuantitativo, transversal analítico, con fuente de información primaria. La muestra fue probabilística y se determinó el riesgo de deterioro cognitivo con la escala minimental. Así se encontró que el 83,1% de los mayores presenta algún riesgo de deterioro cognitivo, principalmente las mujeres, y está asociado significativamente con vivir en la subregión del Magdalena Medio y Medellín, tener mayor edad, no tener pareja, no tener escolaridad, tener escasos recursos sociales, no participar en grupos comunitarios, tener mala percepción de la calidad de vida, estar insatisfecho con la salud y tener dependencia funcional para realizar las actividades básicas. Estos resultados permiten orientar los programas de salud pública relacionados con la inclusión de las personas mayores hacia programas educativos, la participación en grupos comunitarios, la tamización constante en los servicios de salud, el fortalecimiento de los recursos sociales y el fomento de la actividad física en la vejez, para lograr un envejecimiento saludable con mejor calidad de vida.

  12. Geothermal. Possibilities of use of the geothermal energy in the Colombian Atlantic Coast and general aspects on this energy type

    Lozano, E.

    1987-01-01

    With base in the compilation and prosecution of the geologic information and available geophysics in the Departments of Cordoba, Sucre, Bolivar, Atlantic and Magdalena and of the analysis of the results obtained for samples of thermal waters, the possible existence of attractive reas; geothermically was evaluated by the light of the main constituent elements of a geothermal field: Source of heat. Reservoir. Waterproof covering. Recharge area. The absence of recent volcanic manifestations as much in surface as to shallow depths, the nonexistence of a source of heat of economic interest is suggested. The presence of thermal manifestations in 3 towns of the Atlantic Costa shows results of the chemical analyses characterized by the drop silica concentration (92 ppm) and high concentration of bicarbonates (504 ppm) that which identifies to waters of low temperature, what reinforces the nonexistence of a source of significant heat. With the current information it is but attractiveness to focus the investigations in the Atlantic Costa toward the use in other such energy ways as the lot, eolic, biomass, Ph; that toward the use of endogenous fluids. It is included information related with the exploration and exploitation of a geothermal field and with the economic evaluation for geothermal plants of several capacities. Additionally specific examples of four countries in the world that you/they generate electricity with base in geothermal vapor

  13. Coastal erosion: Coast problem of the Colombian Caribbean

    Martinez, Jaime Orlando

    1986-11-01

    The erosion promoted by the sea, affects different sectors of the coast of the Colombian Caribbean. The erosion is particularly clear in the central and western sector of the coast. The coastal problem of Punta Sabanilla - Puerto Salgar - Puerto Colombia; Pueblo Nuevo - Lomarena; Manzanillo del Mar; La Boquilla; sector Tolu - Covenas and Arboletes areas are described. This discussion is presented comform to the data obtained in field and of the revision of maps, pictures and other documents related with the coast design. The coastal erosion is not only affecting to low areas conformed by beaches, but rather this phenomenon impacts on rocky cliffs of different elevation; it is the case of El Castillo and Punta Sabanilla to Barranquilla (west Part) sectors . The causes of the setback that it experiences the coast of the Colombian Caribbean are not known in clear form; however they can be contributing such factors as: the elevation of the sea level, phenomenon that has been checked in different costs of the world; equally it can be due to a decrease in the volume of silts contributed by the Magdalena River, inside the coastal area. A third factor would be related with the diapirism of mud, that possibly would be altering the conformation of the Caribbean littoral

  14. Kinetics of the generation of the petroleum: Principles and application in the Colombian basins

    Goncalves, F T T; Garcia, D F; Penteado, H L B; Giraldo, B N; Bedregal, R P; Gomez

    2001-01-01

    Most of the mathematical models that describe the conversion of kerogen into petroleum are based on the formulations of first-order kinetics. Although the application of such models requires the knowledge of the kinetic parameters (activation energies and frequency factor) of the kerogen, the usual practice in basin modeling studies is to use kinetic data of standard kerogen types (I, II or III) when measured data are not available. In this study, Rock-Eval pyrolysis under different heating rates and numerical optimization techniques were used to determine the kinetic parameters of cretaceous and tertiary source rocks of the upper Magdalena and llanos basins. The obtained kinetic parameters revealed a significant variability, which appears to be unrelated to the kerogen type classification based on hydrogen and oxygen indices. Modeling exercises under a constant heating rate (1.25 degrades C/M.y., 274.5K/M.y.) using the measured kinetic data indicates that kerogen conversion of organic facies with distinct kinetic parameters may be out of phase by 20-30M.y. therefore, petroleum generation and expulsion history might be longer and more complex than if the kinetic behavior of these rocks was considered homogeneous. These differences are critical in defining the timing between petroleum generations a trap formation/destruction, particularly in the case of the Colombian sedimentary basins, characterized by a highly complex tectonic evolution

  15. Observaciones taxonómicas sobre las Lecythis del Norte de Colombia

    Dugand Armando

    1947-12-01

    Full Text Available Varias especies del género Lecythis Loefl han sido descritas de manera demasiado somera con base únicamente en la forma y tamaño del fruto (pixidio pues no se conocen las hojas ni las flores.  En algunos casos el holotipo de estos conceptos taxonómicos lo constituye un solo pixidio suelto. Otras "especies" de esta misma índole, cuyo fruto es muy similar, están fundadas tan solo en el tamaño relativo de la zona basilar y la banda interzonal. Carezco actualmente de elementos para poder conceptuar hasta que punto es conveniente y acertado este último criterio de diferenciación en todos los casos, pero limitándome a los numerosos ejemplares que he examinado de Lecythis del Bajo Magdalena y de la región costanera colombiana del Caribe, me parece que la aplicación de tal norma puede fácilmente resultar en el aumento de la lista de sinónimos debido a las variaciones que se observan en la forma y proporciones del pixidio de una misma especie, particularmente en lo que se refiere al tamaño relativo de la zona basilar y la banda interzonal, ejemplos de los cuales figuran en las fotografías que ilustran este trabajo.

  16. Bibliografía

    Rosa María Montero Tejada

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available RESEÑA 1 de : Beceiro Pita, Isabel; Córdoba de la Llave, Ricardo. Parentesco, poder y mentalidad. La nobleza castellana (siglos XII-XV. Madrid : CSIC, 1990. RESEÑA 2 de : Coll-Vinet, Roberto; Bernal Cruz, Francisco J. Curso de documentación. Madrid : Edit. Dossat, 1990. RESEÑA 3 de : Corral García, Esteban. Ordenanzas de los concejos castellanos : formación, contenidos y manifestaciones: siglos XIII-XVIII. Burgos : S.E., 1988. RESEÑA 4 de : García Oliva, María Dolores. Organización económica y social del concejo de Cáceres en la baja Edad Media. Cáceres : Institución Cultural el Brócense, 1990. RESEÑA 5 de : Magdalena Nom de Deu, JOsé Ramón. Libro de viajes de Benjamín de Tudela. Barcelona : Biblioteca Nueva Sefarad, Ríopiedras Ediciones, 1989. RESEÑA 6 de : TOrres Fontes, Juan. Repartimiento de Orihuela. Murcia : Ed. Academia Alfonso X el Sabio / Patronato Ángel García Rogel, 1988.

  17. A prospective cohort study to assess seroprevalence, incidence, knowledge, attitudes and practices, willingness to pay for vaccine and related risk factors in dengue in a high incidence setting

    Ruth Aralí Martínez-Vega

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dengue is one of the most important vector-borne diseases in the world, causing significant morbidity and economic impact. In Colombia, dengue is a major public health problem. Departments of La Guajira, Cesar and Magdalena are dengue endemic areas. The objective of this research is to determine the seroprevalence and the incidence of dengue virus infection in the participating municipalities from these Departments, and also establish the association between individual and housing factors and vector indices with seroprevalence and incidence. We will also assess knowledge, attitudes and practices, and willingness-to-pay for dengue vaccine. Methods A cohort study will be assembled with a clustered multistage sampling in 11 endemic municipalities. Approximately 1000 homes will be visited to enroll people older than one year who living in these areas, who will be followed for 1 year. Dengue virus infections will be evaluated using IgG indirect ELISA and IgM and IgG capture ELISA. Additionally, vector indices will be measured, and adult mosquitoes will be captured with aspirators. Ovitraps will be used for continuous estimation of vector density. Discussion This research will generate necessary knowledge to design and implement strategies with a multidimensional approach that reduce dengue morbidity and mortality in La Guajira and other departments from Colombian Caribbean.

  18. 100 Años de la Clínica Marly “Profesor Carlos Esguerra Gaitán Cristalización de una idea, Casa de Salud y Sanatorios de Marly”

    Zoilo Cuéllar-Montoya

    2005-03-01

    a la ciudad de Honda yal puerto de La Dorada, ambas en la margen izquierda del gran río. Allí, a brazo partido, a mano limpia, sin recursos técnicos, se empeñó en una reñida lucha -escribió su discípulo y gran amigo Luis López de Mesa- por «mejorar las condiciones higiénicas de la navegación (fluvial, atender a la salud de los ferroviarios de esa palúdica región y adquirir la experiencia nosológica que había de serie provechosísima en sus tesis posteriores de Caracas y París, incluyendo, sin duda, la confirmación de los notables estudios de su tío Domingo Esguerra Ortiz sobre diagnóstico de la fiebre amarilla tolimense»(5. Se iniciaba así el segundo de sus retos: probar lo que había visto y experimentado personalmente; la existencia de fiebre amarilla en las márgenes del río Magdalena, en el interior del país.

  19. First approach to molecular epidemiology of bovine tuberculosis in Colombia

    Jimena Jojoa-Jojoa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To investigate the presence of Mycobacterium bovis and other Mycobacterium species in samples of cattle and buffalo in Colombia, to start the molecular characterization of M. bovis in the country. Material and methods. 492 samples were collected from herds identified with the presence of infected animals through the PPD, by the Group of Bovine Tuberculosis ICA Colombian Agricultural Institute in eight departments of Colombia. Lymph nodes of head, thorax and abdomen, gross lesions of tissues with tuberculosis, nasal swabs, milk, blood and fresh cheeses were included. Samples were subjected to detection of Mycobacterium bovis and other mycobacteria by conventional microbiological analysis and PCR-6110 and spoligotyping molecular assays. Results. In the samples analyzed especially in lymph nodes, Mycobacterium bovis was demonstrated with genotypes reported and not previously reported in the world, as well as M. tuberculosis in Antioquia, Cundinamarca, Boyacá and Magdalena departments. Conclusions. In Colombia there are at least 7 genotypes of M. bovis that are infected and sick cattle and buffalo from four different departments becoming serious threat to public health.

  20. AMDAR y PCR-extra-rápida para la identificación de la tortuga cabezona Caretta caretta (Testudines: Cheloniidae utilizando el gen mitocondrial citocromo c oxidasa I (COI

    Daniel Lancheros-Piliego

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available We molecularly identified the loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta using high-speed PCR amplification and restriction analysis of mitochondrial DNA. We isolated the DNA from blood from juvenile C. caretta from Don Diego beach (Magdalena; n=4, in Islas Del Rosario (Bolívar; n=2 in the Colombian Caribbean. By using high-speed PCR amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I (COI, we reduced reaction by one third and obtained fragments of 650 base pairs. We analyzed the amplified IOC product using enzymes HindIII, HpyCH4III and MseI and generated an electrophoretic profile, which compared in silico to other sea turtle species sequences, revealed the loggerhead’s specific pattern. We found similarity between 97-99% with C. caretta in five of the BLAST analyzed nucleotide sequences and 92% in another. We generated a bar code for the sampled turtle information and sequences and stored them in the BOLD database. The ethodology described for the identification of C. caretta is a fast and inexpensive procedure that minimizes time and improves PCR specificity.

  1. PREVALENCIA SEROLÓGICA DEL SÍNDROME REPRODUCTIVO Y RESPIRATORIO PORCINO (PRRS EN CERDOS DE EXPLOTACIONES EXTENSIVAS DE COLOMBIA

    Rincón M. A.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo actualizar en el país la situación de la infección por el virus del Síndrome reproductivo y respiratorio porcino (PRRS. Los departamentos incluidos en el estudio fueron aquellos donde se manejan producciones extensivas o de traspatio. Las muestras fueron tomadas de forma aleatoria en los mataderos de cada departamento, analizándose un total de 1.658 sueros, los cuales fueron clasiicados, hasta donde fue posible, de acuerdo a las categorías productivas (cerdos de descarte y cerdos de ceba. Las muestras obtenidas se analizaron a través de una prueba de ELISA, usando el kit comercial HerdChek PRRS 2XR (Laboratorios IDEXX. Al inal se obtuvo un total de 71 sueros reactores, lo que se traduce en una prevalencia del 4,3 ± 1,0% (p≤0,05. Los departamentos con mayor prevalencia fueron Norte de Santander y Arauca, mientras que los departamentos de La Guajira, Magdalena y Sucre mantuvieron su condición de no reactividad serológica en estos sistemas de producción.

  2. PREVALENCIA SEROLÓGICA DEL SÍNDROME REPRODUCTIVO Y RESPIRATORIO PORCINO (PRRS EN CERDOS DE EXPLOTACIONES EXTENSIVAS DE COLOMBIA

    MC Cruz

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo actualizar en el país la situación de la infección por el virus del Síndrome reproductivo y respiratorio porcino (PRRS. Los departamentos incluidos en el estudio fueron aquellos donde se manejan producciones extensivas o de traspatio. Las muestras fueron tomadas de forma aleatoria en los mataderos de cada departamento, analizándose un total de 1.658 sueros, los cuales fueron clasiicados, hasta donde fue posible, de acuerdo a las categorías productivas (cerdos de descarte y cerdos de ceba. Las muestras obtenidas se analizaron a través de una prueba de ELISA, usando el kit comercial HerdChek PRRS 2XR (Laboratorios IDEXX. Al inal se obtuvo un total de 71 sueros reactores, lo que se traduce en una prevalencia del 4,3 ± 1,0% (p≤0,05. Los departamentos con mayor prevalencia fueron Norte de Santander y Arauca, mientras que los departamentos de La Guajira, Magdalena y Sucre mantuvieron su condición de no reactividad serológica en estos sistemas de producción.

  3. Palaeontological evidence for the last temporal occurrence of the ancient western Amazonian river outflow into the Caribbean.

    Orangel Aguilera

    Full Text Available Fossil catfishes from fluvio-lacustrine facies of late Miocene Urumaco, early Pliocene Castilletes and late Pliocene San Gregorio formations provide evidence of a hydrographic connection in what is today desert regions of northern Colombia and Venezuela. New discoveries and reevaluation of existing materials leads to the recognition of two new records of the pimelodid Brachyplatystoma cf. vaillantii, and of three distinct doradid taxa: Doraops sp., Rhinodoras sp., and an unidentified third form. The presence of fossil goliath long-whiskered catfishes and thorny catfishes are indicative of the persistence of a fluvial drainage system inflow into the South Caribbean during the Pliocene/Pleistocene boundary, complementary to the previous western Amazonian hydrographic system described from the Middle Miocene Villavieja Formation in central Colombia and Late Miocene Urumaco Formation in northwestern Venezuela. The Pliocene Castilletes and San Gregorio formations potentially represent the last lithostratigraphic units related with an ancient western Amazonian fish fauna and that drainage system in the Caribbean. Alternatively, it may preserve faunas from a smaller, peripheral river basin that was cut off earlier from the Amazon-Orinoco, today found in the Maracaibo basin and the Magdalena Rivers.

  4. Unraveling the structure and composition of Varadero Reef, an improbable and imperiled coral reef in the Colombian Caribbean

    Valeria Pizarro

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Coral reefs are commonly associated with oligotrophic, well-illuminated waters. In 2013, a healthy coral reef was discovered in one of the least expected places within the Colombian Caribbean: at the entrance of Cartagena Bay, a highly-polluted system that receives industrial and sewage waste, as well as high sediment and freshwater loads from an outlet of the Magdalena River (the longest and most populated river basin in Colombia. Here we provide the first characterization of Varadero Reef’s geomorphology and biological diversity. We also compare these characteristics with those of a nearby reference reef, Barú Reef, located in an area much less influenced by the described polluted system. Below the murky waters, we found high coral cover of 45.1% (±3.9; up to 80% in some sectors, high species diversity, including 42 species of scleractinian coral, 38 of sponge, three of lobster, and eight of sea urchin; a fish community composed of 61 species belonging to 24 families, and the typical zonation of a Caribbean fringing reef. All attributes found correspond to a reef that, according to current standards should be considered in “good condition”. Current plans to dredge part of Varadero threaten the survival of this reef. There is, therefore, an urgent need to describe the location and characteristics of Varadero as a first step towards gaining acknowledgement of its existence and garnering inherent legal and environmental protections.

  5. The impact of pelvic floor muscle training on the quality of life of women with urinary incontinence: a systematic literature review

    Radzimińska A

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Agnieszka Radzimińska, Agnieszka Strączyńska, Magdalena Weber-Rajek, Hanna Styczyńska, Katarzyna Strojek, Zuzanna Piekorz Department of Physiotherapy, Nicolaus Copernicus University Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Bydgoszcz, Poland Purpose: The purpose of this review was to assess the effectiveness of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT in the treatment of urinary incontinence (UI in women, with a particular focus on the impact of this form of therapy on the patients’ quality of life (QoL. Methods: The following electronic databases were searched: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library (articles only in English, 1990–2017. Search terms were as follows: urinary incontinence, pelvic floor muscle training, pelvic floor exercises, quality of life. Systematic review methods were based on the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. Results: The assessment of the impact of PFMT on the QoL of women with UI was conducted among 2,394 women in 24 selected studies. After the end of treatment, the majority of patients in the experimental groups noted a statistically significant improvement in QoL. Conclusion: The results of this literature review demonstrate that PFMT is an effective treatment for UI in women. PFMT significantly improves the QoL of women with UI, which is an important determinant of their physical, mental, and social functioning. Keywords: urinary incontinence, pelvic floor muscle training, quality of life

  6. Geographic variation in the advertisement calls of Hyla eximia and its possible explanations

    Ruth E. Rodríguez-Tejeda

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Populations of species occupying large geographic ranges are often phenotypically diverse as a consequence of variation in selective pressures and drift. This applies to attributes involved in mate choice, particularly when both geographic range and breeding biology overlap between related species. This condition may lead to interference of mating signals, which would in turn promote reproductive character displacement (RCD. We investigated whether variation in the advertisement call of the mountain treefrog (Hyla eximia is linked to geographic distribution with respect to major Mexican river basins (Panuco, Lerma, Balsas and Magdalena, or to coexistence with its sister (the canyon treefrog, Hyla arenicolor or another related species (the dwarf treefrog, Tlalocohyla smithii. We also evaluated whether call divergence across the main river basins could be linked to genetic structure. We found that the multidimensional acoustic space of calls from two basins where H. eximia currently interacts with T. smithii, was different from the acoustic space of calls from H. eximia elsewhere. Individuals from these two basins were also distinguishable from the rest by both the phylogeny inferred from mitochondrial sequences, and the genetic structure inferred from nuclear markers. The discordant divergence of H. eximia advertisement calls in the two separate basins where its geographic range overlaps that of T. smithii can be interpreted as the result of two independent events of RCD, presumably as a consequence of acoustic interference in the breeding choruses, although more data are required to evaluate this possibility.

  7. CARACTERIZACIÓN DE LA COBERTURA ARBÓREA EN UNA PASTURA DEL TRÓPICO SECO EN TOLIMA, COLOMBIA

    Jorge Rodrigo Serrano

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El obje- tivo de este estudio fue caracterizar la vegetación leñosa perenne de un potrero arbolado del Magdalena Tolimense en Colombia. El inventario forestal se realizó mediante el establecimiento de parcelas temporales de muestreo. La estimación del porcentaje de oclusión de la copa de los árboles se obtuvo mediante fotografías digitales al cenit y su análisis en el software libre Gap Light Analyzer. La radicación fotosintéticamente activa (RAFA transmitida por la copa se midió con un ceptómetro Accupar LP-80. Se encontraron 21 especies leñosas perennes en un área de muestreo de 54 ha. Con menor porcentaje de oclusión fueron: Pseudosamanea guachapele (64% y Prosopis juliflora (63%, lo que sugiere incluirlas en diseños de sistemas silvopastoriles; algunas es pecies poseen potencial maderable como ingreso adicional al ganadero. Se encontró una importante diversidad de especies leñosas para ser introducidas en pasturas, sin perjudicar la producción de materia seca comestible para el ganado.

  8. Upper cretaceous ammonite succession (Cenomanian - Coniacian) related to the upper Hondita and Loma Gorda Formations along the Bambuca creek, Aipe, Huila (Colombia, S.A.)

    Patarroyo, Pedro

    2011-01-01

    The Bambuca creek section (Aipe - Huila) shows a very good exposition of the upper Magdalena valley cretaceous deposits. To the upper part of the Hondita Formation were recollected acanthoceras sp. and rhynchostreon sp. of the upper Cenomanian. Related to the lower segment of the Loma Gorda Formation were found choffaticeras (c.) cf. segne, fagesia cf. catinus, neoptychites cf. andinus, mitonia gracilis, morrowitessp., nannovascoceras ? sp., quitmaniceras ? sp., benueites ? sp., paramammites ? sp. together with mytiloideskossmati, m. goppelnensis and anomia sp. of the lower Turonian. Following by hoplitoides sp. h. ingens,h. cf. lagiraldae, codazziceras ospinae, allocrioceras sp. that can be representing between the lower and middle Turonian. To the upper part of this segment were collected prionocycloceras sp. p. guayabanum, reesidites subtuberculatum, subprionotropis colombianus, mytiloides scupini, dydimotis sp., gauthiericerassp, anagaudryceras ? sp., eulophoceras jacobi, paralenticeras sieversi, hauericeras cf. madagascarensis, peroniceras (p.) subtricarinatum, forresteria (f.) sp, barroisiceras cf. onilahyense, ankinatsytes venezolanus, with upper Turonian to Coniacian. According to the related fauna it is not possible to establish the Cenomanian/Turonian and Turonian/Coniacian boundaries.

  9. Enseñanza, aprendizaje y evaluación: una configuración triádica

    Alexander Ortiz Ocaña

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Durante el desarrollo del proyecto de investigación MODEPED: identificación, caracterización y elaboración del modelo pedagógico de las instituciones pú- blicas del Caribe Colombiano (Ortiz, 2013, financiado por la Universidad del Magdalena, luego de analizar las implicaciones de las teorías del aprendizaje en los modelos pedagógicos contemporáneos y analizar diversas clasificaciones de modelos pedagógicos, constatamos que existen otras propuestas pedagó- gicas emergentes. Precisamente, en este artículo se hace una descripción del constructivismo socio-biológico como nueva teoría del aprendizaje. Se hace una valoración del nuevo modelo pedagógico emergente en el siglo xxi: el modelo pedagógico configuracional, que parte de considerar el aprendizaje, la enseñanza y la evaluación como una configuración tríadica.

  10. Environmental filtering of eudicot lineages underlies phylogenetic clustering in tropical South American flooded forests.

    Aldana, Ana M; Carlucci, Marcos B; Fine, Paul V A; Stevenson, Pablo R

    2017-02-01

    The phylogenetic community assembly approach has been used to elucidate the role of ecological and historical processes in shaping tropical tree communities. Recent studies have shown that stressful environments, such as seasonally dry, white-sand and flooded forests tend to be phylogenetically clustered, arguing for niche conservatism as the main driver for this pattern. Very few studies have attempted to identify the lineages that contribute to such assembly patterns. We aimed to improve our understanding of the assembly of flooded forest tree communities in Northern South America by asking the following questions: are seasonally flooded forests phylogenetically clustered? If so, which angiosperm lineages are over-represented in seasonally flooded forests? To assess our hypotheses, we investigated seasonally flooded and terra firme forests from the Magdalena, Orinoco and Amazon Basins, in Colombia. Our results show that, regardless of the river basin in which they are located, seasonally flooded forests of Northern South America tend to be phylogenetically clustered, which means that the more abundant taxa in these forests are more closely related to each other than expected by chance. Based on our alpha and beta phylodiversity analyses we interpret that eudicots are more likely to adapt to extreme environments such as seasonally flooded forests, which indicates the importance of environmental filtering in the assembly of the Neotropical flora.

  11. Eye surgery in the elderly

    Raczyńska D

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Dorota Raczyńska, Leopold Glasner, Ewelina Serkies-Minuth, Magdalena A Wujtewicz, Kamila Mitrosz Department of Ophthalmology, Medical University of Gdansk, Gdansk, Poland Abstract: Extending life expectancy is a human achievement. It does however entail problems. Ophthalmic treatments are widely recognized as having a low risk of general complications. A classic example is cataract surgery, considered to be one of the safest and most frequently performed surgical procedures in the world. However, advanced age brings with it risks that should be considered before surgery. Eye operations, as with procedures on other organs, are largely dependent on the quality of surgical tissues. Therefore, the elderly are at increased risk of complications. Improved general health and postoperative follow-up with the use of noninvasive technologies such as optical coherence tomography translate into lower intraoperative risk and better postoperative prognosis. In this review, we discuss the impact of general health on operational prognosis, therapeutic problems, and technical difficulties which a surgeon and anesthesiologist may encounter in the process. We also consider new technology and strategies specifically aimed at treating eye conditions in the elderly. Keywords: eye surgery, eye aging, anesthesiology in ophthalmology, cataract, glaucoma, vitrectomy, age-related macular degeneration

  12. Himno a Barranquilla

    Amira de la Rosa

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Barranquilla, prócera e inmortal Ceñida de agua y madurada al sol Savia joven del árbol nacional.   Del jubiloso porvenir crisol Ilusión de Caribe blanco-azul De Colombia tendida en el umbral Da su voz y su músculo al progreso Barranquilla, prócera e inmortal.   Barrancas de San Nicolás con el Magdalena detrás.   Coronada de firme amanecer  te conduce en su espalda el porvenir: las sirenas de fábrica y taller son rumor arterial de tu existir.   Barranquilla sabe cantar  y sobre el yunque martillar.   Tajamares de Bocas de Ceniza Cuchillada del río sobre el mar al Caribe central colombianiza  tu robusta aptitud de navegar.   Amira de la Rosa Poetisa y dramaturga colombiana (1903-1974 (Fundadora del colegio Gabriela Mistral de Barranquilla, 1926

  13. un modelo de balances de flujo

    Nelson Molina Giraldo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La ciénaga de Cachimbero, localizada en el municipio de Cimitarra, Santander, perteneciente a uno de los complejos de humedales inventariados por el Ministerio del Medio Ambiente y caracterizados como palustres, presenta valores ecológicos y ambientales de importancia regional. En este trabajo se realizó una aproximación conceptual y experimental a la hidrología de la ciénaga, determinando los componentes principales del balance hídrico y planteando un esquema de evaluación temporal. En este marco se implementó un esquema de observación y análisis de las variables hidrológicas, que permitió la construcción de un modelo de balances de flujo. Los controles básicos corresponden al régimen de lluvias en la cuenca tributaria, las características morfométricas del vaso, los procesos evapotranspirativos y las características del flujo en el caño de conexión con el río Magdalena cuyo nivel establece un control hidráulico aguas abajo. El principal objetivo fue formular un modelo operativo, a escala diaria, del funcionamiento hidrológico natural de la ciénaga, que permitió predecir los patrones temporales de variación de niveles y volúmenes de ésta.

  14. Revisión del género de mariposas Forsterinaria Gray, 1973 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae, Satyrinae

    Carlos Peña

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una revisión taxonómica de las mariposas satírinas neotropicales incluidas en el género Forsterinaria Gray, 1973, comprendiendo una discusión de la clasificación y distribución geográfica de sus especies componentes, ilustraciones de los adultos de todos los taxones y de sus genitalias masculinas, así como descripciones de 12 especies y dos subespecies nuevas: Forsterinaria antje sp. n., F. coipa sp. n., F. enjuerma sp. n., F. falcata sp. n., F. guaniloi sp. n., F. itatiaia sp. n., F. pallida sp. n., F. pallida aurita ssp. n., F. pichita sp. n., F. pilosa sp. n., F. punctata sp. n., F. pyrczi sp. n., F. rotunda sp. n. y F. rustica glendita ssp. n. Euptychia stelligera Butler y E. fabiana Butler son considerados sinónimos (syn. n. de Forsterinaria quantius (Godart. Euptychia magdalena Hayward y E. pseudonecys Strand son considerados sinónimos (syn. n. de F. inornata (C. Felder & R. Felder y F. necys (Godart, respectivamente. Se designa lectotipos para 14 taxones nominales. Se reconoce un total de 23 especies. Se ofrece una clave para la identificación de todos los taxones.

  15. Práctica pedagógica y lengua escrita: Una búsqueda de sentido.

    Fabio Jurado Valencia

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se refiere a las prácticas pedagógicas que predominan en el aprendizaje inicial de la lectura y la escritura en la escuela. Es el resultado de una investigación de carácter cualitativo en la que participaron docentes de preescolar y de básica primaria de la ciudad de Santa Marta, estudiantes del programa de Preescolar de la Facultad de Educación de la Universidad del Magdalena y estudiantes del ciclo complementario de la Escuela Normal Superior San Pedro Alejandrino. La investigación se adelantó a través de talleres, de reuniones con grupos focalizados, con observación participante en el aula, registro de videos y entrevistas a profundidad; se puso a prueba el enfoque comunicativo a partir del trabajo con textos publicitarios. Los resultados de la investigación muestran la permanencia del eclecticismo en las prácticas pedagógicas y la complejidad que implica la incorporación del enfoque comunicativo en la iniciación escolar de los niños en la lectura y la escritura.

  16. De la vida silvestre a la colonización mecanizada en el Caribe colombiano

    Mario Mejía Gutiérrez

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available En el período 1958 - 1975 el autor residió durante catorce años en diversas localidades del Caribe Colombiano, desempeñando diferentes labores, particularmente en los terrenos de la investigación agropecuaria y pesquera. Así, las páginas siguientes son resumen de una voluminosa información recogida por el autor como primer director de investigaciones del Instituto de Fomento Algodonero en Codazzi, donde construyó la Estación Experimental La Europa; como uno de los creadores del Departamento de Economía Agropecuaria y Pesquera de la C V M en Barranquilla; como Asesor del Departamento Técnico de la Corporación Financiera del Norte en Barranquilla; como primer director colombiano por INDERENA del Instituto Colombiano-Alemán de Investigaciones de Punta Betín en Santa Marta; como promotor-fundador de la Facultad de Ingeniería Pesquera en la Universidad Tecnológica del Magdalena; como Director de los Parques Salamanca y Tayrona; como Jefe de Exportación de Fauna en Inderena, Barranquilla.. .

  17. Leadership and culture in school organizations: a case study on the educational development

    Juan Quevedo Toro

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This communication presents the results of current research in the framework of the master’s SUE Caribbean whose objective is to establish the relationship between the leadership of managers and other institutional aspects of educational organizations, such as its history, power structures, processes of communication and development; having as purpose set the mode in which the leadership affects institutional development, in order to generate a process of construction of plans for institutional developments within the selected educational institutions. All this looking for enriching understanding of the complex reality of the educational institutions, understanding that allows shape routes or routes of transformation and change in the educational institution. The proposed study, seeks to satisfy the need for multiple insight into the reality of 2 educational institutions in the District of Santa Marta, Magdalena Department; therefore play an important role interpretation, it is to understand the institutional dynamic in a reflexive manner. Generated in us the concern of knowing inside to educational institutions as organizations which are generated interactions collective, explore the network of relationships that occur there, culture and leadership that these interactions and networks generate, seeking to find another dimension that explain and will shed light on the reality of our school.   

  18. Interaction Frugivores and Miconia Floribunda (Bonpl Dc. (Melastomataceae in the Yariguíes Serranía Pnn (Santander

    Alejandro Cabrejo Bello

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to identify the species of birds that feed on the fruits of Miconia floribunda (Bonpl DC. and describe their foraging behavior, which influence on seed dispersal processes of the species in an area of the National Park of YariguíesSerranía (Santander, Colombia. The area is home to forests in good condition to serve as transition between the Magdalena River valley and the highlands of eastern Colombian Andes. Seed dispersal is a fundamental process that models the structure of the vegetation cover, promotes the establishment and perpetuation of the same, to abundant bird life and is a constant source of food. The observations showed a sampling intensity of 19 hours per researcher, accumulating a total of 57 hours of observation. 176 events were recorded frugivory, recording 13 species of birds belonging to four families, predominantly Thraupidae family with 10 species belonging to five genera, which constituted 89% of the frequency of visits for this study. There were two types of manipulation of the fruit: engulfed and mash. For two species of Diglossa manipulation technique was macerated fruit so it may be less efficient seed dispersal because they dropped some of the fruit in the vicinity of the parent plant, which decreases the chances of recruitment.

  19. Light habitat, structure, diversity and dynamic of the tropical dry forest

    Omar Melo-Cruz

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Tropical dry forests are complex and fragile ecosystems with high anthropic intervention and restricted reproductive cycles. These have unique richness, structural diversity, physiological and phenological . This research was executed  in the Upper Magdalena Valley, in four forest fragments with different successional stages. In each fragment four permanent plots of 0.25 ha were established and lighting habitat associated with richness, relative abundance and rarity of species. The forest dynamics included the mortality, recruitment and diameter growth for a period of 5.25 years. The species rischness found in the mature riparian forestis higher than that reported in other studies of similar areas in Valle del Cauca and the Atlantic coast.  The values of richness, diversity and rarity species are more evidenced  than the magnitudes found in  drier areas of Tolima. The structure, diversity and dynamics of forests were correlated with the lighting habitat, showing differences in canopy architecture and its role in the capture and absorption of radiation. Forests with dense canopy have limited availability of photosynthetically active radiation in understory related low species richness, while illuminated undergrowth are richer and heterogeneous.

  20. Ejércitos irregulares y organización campesina: Guáimaro, el camino hacia la restitución del derecho a la tierra

    Patricia Stella Jaramillo Guerra

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo recoge los resultados preliminares del proyecto de Extensión “Estructura Agraria, soberanía alimentaria y mujer rural”, donde se relaciona el impacto del paramilitarismo en un corregimiento ribereño del departamento del Magdalena. En el decurso del proceso investigativo se encontró que, luego de un dramático capítulo de violencia y desplazamiento paramilitar, mediante el cual se evidenció empíricamente la concreción de estos grupos irregulares como empresas armadas, generaron procesos de apropiación forzosa de la tierra, robusteciendo aún más el esquema de concentración que históricamente se ha consolidado. Justamente en este contexto se ha presentado un interesante proceso de movilización campesina que busca desarticular el curso de su descomposición descendente, al colocar la tierra, en primer lugar, como fin esencial en sus dimensiones productivas pero identitarias, por sobre todo.

  1. Geographical and Botanical Origin of Apis mellifera (Apidae) Honey in four Colombian Departments

    Nates Parra, Guiomar; Montoya, Paula Maria; Chamorro, Fermin J; Ramirez, Nedy; Giraldo, Catalina; Obregon, Diana

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this work was to find palynological markers which permit differentiate honeys from the departments of Boyaca, Cundinamarca, Santander and Magdalena, by its geographical and botanical origin. Melissopalynological analyses were made of 184 honey samples obtained from 131 localities. A discriminant analysis and comparisons between the species composition of honey samples were made to find geo-graphical and botanical origin differences. A total of 297 pollen species distributed in 69 families was found, being Mimosa sp., Cecropia sp., Eucalyptus sp., Piper sp. and Quercus humboldtii the most representatives. The major families were Fabaceae, Asteraceae, Myrtaceae, Rubiaceae, Fagaceae and Melastomataceae. Six honey groups differentiated by its geographical origin were found: Altiplano Cundiboyacense, Medio Chicamocha, Sumapaz, Bajo Chicamocha, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta and Comunera Province. In a broader scale, honeys from the Andean and sub-Andean regions could be differentiated as well. Between the honey types differentiated by its botanical origin, the most important were monofloral honeys of Trifolium pratense, Coffea arabica, Eucalyptus sp., Inga sp. and Heliocarpus americanus, Asteraceae oligofloral honeys and mixtures of Q. humboldtii honeydew and floral nectar (Eucalyptussp., Brassicaceae Type, Asteraceae). This information in addition to the obtained by physico-chemical and sensorial analysis, may be the basis to acquire honeys' origin denomination.

  2. LA LIBERTAD DE ELEGIR: POLÍTICA, GOBERNABILIDAD Y POBREZA EN EL CARIBE COLOMBIANO, 1859-1885

    Luis Alarcón Meneses

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Durante la segunda mitad del siglo XIX Colombia se organizó a través de un régimen federal (1857-1886, el cual estuvo integrado por nueve entidades territoriales denominadas Estados Soberanos. Dos de esas entidades territoriales reconocidas por la Constitución Federal de 1863 fueron Bolívar y Magdalena. Este artículo analiza el nivel de politización alcanzado por los ciudadanos de los dos. Lo anterior permitirá una aproximación a la sociedad y a la política en lo que hoy llamamos Caribe colombiano. También identificar las prácticas políticas del periodo federal, la presencia lograda por los partidos con sus respectivas facciones en la vida ciudadana y acercarnos a las características más sobresalientes de los Estados Soberanos como entidades político-administrativas.

  3. Genetic variability among populations of Lutzomyia (Psathyromyia) shannoni (Dyar 1929) (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) in Colombia.

    Cárdenas, E; Munstermann, L E; Martínez, O; Corredor, D; Ferro, C

    2001-02-01

    Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used to elucidate genetic variation at 13 isozyme loci among forest populations of Lutzomyia shannoni from three widely separated locations in Colombia: Palambí (Nariño Department), Cimitarra (Santander Department) and Chinácota (Norte de Santander Department). These samples were compared with a laboratory colony originating from the Magdalena Valley in Central Colombia. The mean heterozygosity ranged from 16 to 22%, with 2.1 to 2.6 alleles detected per locus. Nei's genetic distances among populations were low, ranging from 0.011 to 0.049. The estimated number of migrants (Nm=3.8) based on Wright's F-Statistic, F ST, indicated low levels of gene flow among Lu. shannoni forest populations. This low level of migration indicates that the spread of stomatitis virus occurs via infected host, not by infected insect. In the colony sample of 79 individuals, the Gpi locus was homozygotic (0.62/0.62) in all females and heterozygotic (0.62/0.72) in all males. Although this phenomenon is probably a consequence of colonization, it indicates that Gpi is linked to a sex determining locus.

  4. [Discriminating concentrations for three insecticides used in public health in a Lutzomyia longipalpis experimental strain from Colombia].

    Marceló, Catalina; Cabrera, Olga Lucía; Santamaría, Erika

    2014-01-01

    In Colombia, periurban populations of Lutzomyia longipalpis , vector of the causative agent of visceral leishmaniasis in the upper and middle valley of the Magdalena River, may be exposed to insecticide applications with different purposes. Thus, it is important to begin a susceptibility surveillance of this species to insecticides. To determine indicators of susceptibility to three insecticides habitually used in public health, such as malathion, deltamethrin and lambda-cyhalothrin in an experimental strain of L. longipalpis . We used the method proposed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Groups of 10 to 15 unfed females were exposed to different concentrations of the insecticides using 250 ml glass bottles as test chambers. Mortality was registered every five minutes for an hour. Diagnostic concentrations and lethal times for each insecticide were calculated. In the evaluated L. longipalpis strain, the diagnostic concentrations and times were 75 µg/ml and 25 minutes for malathion, 10 µg/ml and 35 minutes for deltamethrin, and 15 µg/ml during 30 minutes for lambda-cyhalothrin. Baseline data over mortality response to three insecticides were established in a susceptibility strain of L. longipalpis vector. These indicators will allow establishing comparisons with populations of L. longipalpis exposed regularly or sporadically to chemical control measures to detect changes in their resistance to these insecticides.

  5. Genetic variability among populations of Lutzomyia (Psathyromyia shannoni (Dyar 1929 (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae in Colombia

    Cárdenas Estrella

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used to elucidate genetic variation at 13 isozyme loci among forest populations of Lutzomyia shannoni from three widely separated locations in Colombia: Palambí (Nariño Department, Cimitarra (Santander Department and Chinácota (Norte de Santander Department. These samples were compared with a laboratory colony originating from the Magdalena Valley in Central Colombia. The mean heterozygosity ranged from 16 to 22%, with 2.1 to 2.6 alleles detected per locus. Nei's genetic distances among populations were low, ranging from 0.011 to 0.049. The estimated number of migrants (Nm=3.8 based on Wright's F-Statistic, F ST, indicated low levels of gene flow among Lu. shannoni forest populations. This low level of migration indicates that the spread of stomatitis virus occurs via infected host, not by infected insect. In the colony sample of 79 individuals, the Gpi locus was homozygotic (0.62/0.62 in all females and heterozygotic (0.62/0.72 in all males. Although this phenomenon is probably a consequence of colonization, it indicates that Gpi is linked to a sex determining locus.

  6. Th, Pa and U isotopes in an echinoderm, Encope grandis. An application to dating of some fossil samples from Southern Baja California

    Omura, A [Kanazawa Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Science; Ku, T

    1979-03-01

    The application of /sup 230/Th and /sup 231/Pa growth methods to the hard tissues of living things, which are effective for the radiometric age measurement for latter Quaternary period, has been limited to certain corals, therefore it has been scarcely utilized in other areas than coral reefs. Reef coral fossils (Porites) were obtained from terrace deposits of Magdalena Island in Southern Baja California, and the methods were applied to them. At the time, the isotope compositions of Th, Pa and U in the shells of echinoderm Encope Grandis and of the living samples were examined. The estimated ages were in agreement with those of coral. It suggests that the reliable /sup 230/Th and /sup 231/Pa ages of sea-urchin fossils were presented for the first time and that the method is applicable to such fossils only if the conditions can be met. The results are highly significant, since the method may be used in other areas than coral reefs. (J.P.N.).

  7. In vitro studies of nanosilver-doped titanium implants for oral and maxillofacial surgery

    Pokrowiecki R

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Rafał Pokrowiecki,1,2 Tomasz Zaręba,3 Barbara Szaraniec,4 Krzysztof Pałka,5 Agnieszka Mielczarek,6 Elżbieta Menaszek,7 Stefan Tyski3,8 1Center for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Voivodeship Children’s Hospital, Olsztyn, 2Department of Oral Surgery, Jagiellonian Medical University, Kraków, 3Department of Antibiotics and Microbiology, National Medicines Institute, Warsaw, 4Faculty of Material Science and Ceramics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, 5Department of Materials Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, Lublin, 6Department of Conservative Dentistry, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, 7Department of Cytobiology, Collegium Medicum, Jagiellonian University, Kraków, 8Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland Abstract: The addition of an antibacterial agent to dental implants may provide the opportunity to decrease the percentage of implant failures due to peri-implantitis. For this purpose, in this study, the potential efficacy of nanosilver-doped titanium biomaterials was determined. Titanium disks were incorporated with silver nanoparticles over different time periods by Tollens reaction, which is considered to be an eco-friendly, cheap, and easy-to-perform method. The surface roughness, wettability, and silver release profile of each disc were measured. In addition, the antibacterial activity was also evaluated by using disk diffusion tests for bacteria frequently isolated from the peri-implant biofilm: Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus sanguis, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli. Cytotoxicity was evaluated in vitro in a natural human osteoblasts cell culture. The addition of nanosilver significantly increased the surface roughness and decreased the wettability in a dose-dependent manner. These surfaces were significantly toxic to all the tested bacteria following a 48-hour exposure

  8. Highly biocompatible, nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite synthesized in a solvothermal process driven by high energy density microwave radiation

    Smolen D

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Dariusz Smolen1, Tadeusz Chudoba1, Iwona Malka1, Aleksandra Kedzierska1, Witold Lojkowski1, Wojciech Swieszkowski2, Krzysztof Jan Kurzydlowski2, Malgorzata Kolodziejczyk-Mierzynska3, Malgorzata Lewandowska-Szumiel31Polish Academy of Science, Institute of High Pressure Physics, Warsaw, Poland; 2Faculty of Materials Engineering, Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland; 3Department of Histology and Embryology, Center of Biostructure Research, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, PolandAbstract: A microwave, solvothermal synthesis of highly biocompatible hydroxyapatite (HAp nanopowder was developed. The process was conducted in a microwave radiation field having a high energy density of 5 W/mL and over a time less than 2 minutes. The sample measurements included: powder X-ray diffraction, density, specific surface area, and chemical composition. The morphology and structure were investigated by scanning electron microscopy as well as transmission electron microscopy (TEM. The thermal behavior analysis was conducted using a simultaneous thermal analysis technique coupled with quadruple mass spectrometry. Additionally, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy tests of heated samples were performed. A degradation test and a biocompatibility study in vitro using human osteoblast cells were also conducted. The developed method enables the synthesis of pure, fully crystalline hexagonal HAp nanopowder with a specific surface area close to 240 m2/g and a Ca/P molar ratio equal to 1.57. TEM measurements showed that this method results in particles with an average grain size below 6 nm. A 28-day degradation test conducted according to the ISO standard indicated a 22% loss of initial weight and a calcium ion concentration at 200 µmol/dm3 in the tris(hydroxymethylaminomethane hydrochloride test solution. The cytocompatibility of the obtained material was confirmed in a culture of human bone derived cells, both in an indirect test using the material

  9. Prawne aspekty wykorzystania wizerunku sportowca w świetle działań marketingowych = Legal aspects of athletes' image rights usage in the light of marketing activities

    Krzysztof M. Westfal

    2016-06-01

    the light of art. 81 par. 2 of Sports Act disseminating the image of an athlete who is commonly known person as well, does not require the consent of such a person, provided that the image has been made in connection with the performance of public functions, in particular social or professional ones.                 Regarding to the issue of entities authorized to disseminating athletes image there is considerable diversity. Depending on the factual situation, except of an athlete itself, such entitled entity might become the Polish Olympic Committee, the Polish sport union, sport club or organization for collective management of rights of athletes.                 Having regard to the multidimensional issue of the athletes' image, and bearing in mind how common practice concluding of the marketing contracts concerning image rights has become, it should be postulated that observable changes concerning issue in question, shall be made towards meeting the needs espoused by the market.   Keywords: sports law, image rights, athletes’ image rights, image rights commercialization, marketing in sports [1] mgr Krzysztof M. Westfal, e-mail: k.m.westfal@gmail.com

  10. Anglo-French Collaboration in the Nuclear Sector: The Human, Social and Ethical Dimensions. Graduate seminar, Maison Francaise d'Oxford, Monday 15 May 2017

    Denoun, Martin; Tsuchiya, Miyuki; Degremont-Dorville, Marie; Bouillet, Jeremy; Deront, Eva; Kim, Tae-Hoon; Kobylka, Krzysztof; Nithesh, Antony; Defard, Camille; Giachetti, Charles; Nivole, Audrey; Takahashi, Makoto; Pini, Paul-Etienne; Lloyd, Clara

    2017-05-01

    organisation directly engaged in the sector. This document brings together the abstracts of the presentations given at this seminar, as well as a synthesis in French for the French Society of Nuclear Energy (SFEN). List of presentations: 1 - Global warming and nuclear future (Denoun, Martin); 2 - Governing the energy policy: the pursuit of nuclear energy through the 'energy transition' notion in France (Tsuchiya, Miyuki); 3 - What can we learn from decentralized energy systems in France? (Degremont-Dorville, Marie); 4 - Energy consumption behaviours in France: patterns and main trends (Bouillet, Jeremy); 5 - National social and economic effects of the European framework (Deront, Eva); 6 - The great nuclear divergence: how France overtook Britain in the civil nuclear stage (Kim, Tae-Hoon); 7 - Importance of risk perception and its impacts in the nuclear industry (Kobylka, Krzysztof; Nithesh, Antony); 8 - Nuclear risk perception among the French civil society (Defard, Camille; Giachetti, Charles; Nivole, Audrey); 9 - Framing nuclear power: how the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant disaster has become understood as an issue of class, gender and geography (Takahashi, Makoto); 10 - Framing the regional socio-economic impacts of nuclear power plant decommissioning: structural underpinnings and empirical displays of territorial resilience (Pini, Paul-Etienne); 11 - Manufacture and Construction of Small Modular Reactors (Lloyd, Clara)

  11. Padecimientos emocionales, búsqueda de ayuda y expectativas de atención en una comunidad urbano-marginal Emotional ailments, help-seeking behaviors and care expectancies in a marginal-urban community

    Jazmín Mora-Ríos

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Conocer la experiencia de los habitantes de una comunidad urbano marginal respecto de sus padecimientos emocionales, a quiénes recurren para enfrentarlos y sus expectativas de atención. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: La información que se analiza en este trabajo se basa en una aproximación multimetodológica. El abordaje teórico inició en el año 2000, en la Delegación Magdalena Contreras, del Distrito Federal, y la recolección de la información se hizo de 2001 a 2003. El análisis cualitativo fue simultáneo al levantamiento de las entrevistas en profundidad (16, durante el periodo 2000-2002. En el primer semestre de este último año se aplicaron los cuestionarios (204 en población adulta -hombres y mujeres-, y en el segundo semestre se capturó la información. El análisis cuantitativo se hizo en 2003. RESULTADOS: La falta de una red de apoyo social es una condición que comparten los informantes, el apoyo esperado para hacer frente a los padecimientos emocionales es, para las mujeres, la familia nuclear; aunque en la práctica la pareja suele ser más una fuente de malestar. En el caso de los hombres, el apoyo esperado proviene primordialmente de la pareja. CONCLUSIONES: Se plantea una serie de reflexiones en torno a la intervención, considerando la participación de los habitantes de la comunidad y el trabajo interdisciplinario.OBJECTIVE: To obtain information about emotional ailments based on the experience of adults in a socially underserved urban community, their social support resources to cope with them, and their health care expectancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study began in 2000, in the Magdalena Contreras District of Mexico City. Data collection was conducted in 2001-2003, using a multimethodological approach that included in depth interviews of female and male adults (n=16 performed during 2000-2002. A semistructured questionnaire (n=204 was applied in the first semester of 2002 and data entering was performed in

  12. PODER ANTIBACTERIAL DE MIELES DE Tetragonisca angustula, VALORADA POR CONCENTRACIÓN MÍNIMA INHIBITORIA

    VIVIANA GAMBOA

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN Mediante pruebas in vitro se determinó la capacidad antibacteriana, de 37 mieles de la especie Tetragonisca angustula de siete regiones de Colombia, con la técnica de Concentración Mínima Inhibitoria (CMI frente a tres especies de bacterias Gram positivas y tres Gram negativas. La técnica CMI se evaluó en microdiluciones (v/v al 90%, 45%, 22,5%, 12,3%, 5,6% de miel, contra las cepas Gram negativas Salmonella enterica sp. enterica serovar Typhimurium, ATCC 14028; Escherichia coli, ATCC 31617 y Klebsiella pneumoniae sp. pneumoniae, ATCC 700603 y Gram positivas Bacillus subtilis sp. spizizenii, ATCC 6633; Staphylococcus aureus sp. aureus Rosenbach, ATCC 6538 y Micrococcus luteus Kocuria rhizophila, ATCC 9341. Las muestras de miel correspondieron a los departamentos de Antioquia, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Santander, Tolima y Valle del Cauca. Las mieles analizadas por prueba binomial presentaron efecto bactericida contra todas las cepas bacterianas del ensayo con mayor efectividad para E. coli, M. luteus y S. enterica, con una probabilidad de p(x=1 a una dilución de 90%; al ser diluidas el mayor efecto se evidenció frente a M. luteus donde aún en dilución 5,6% presentaban probabilidades de p(x=0,62 de actividad inhibitoria por parte de las mieles. En dilución de miel al 90%, el efecto fue solo cercano a p(x=0,5 para K. pneumoniae, B. subtilis y S. aureus. La región de Antioquia, la cual hace parte de las mieles con mayor número de muestras dentro del ensayo, exhibe la mayor acción bactericida. Palabras clave: miel, Tetragonisca angustula, CMI.; ABSTRACT The in vitro antibacterial capacity was determined for 37 honeys of Tetragonisca angustula from seven regions of Colombia, by minimum inhibitory concentration (CMI against three positive Gram bacteria and three negative Gram bacteria. The CMI technique was evaluated by microdilutions (v/v to 90%, 45%, 22.5%, 12.3%, 5.6% of honey against the negative Gram bacteria

  13. Estimación de un modelo hedónico para el precio de los predios en las áreas de Pozos Colorados, Bello Horizonte y Don Jaca de la ciudad de Santa Marta D.T.C.H, Colombia

    Edwin Causado Rodríguez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo tiene como finalidad identificar mediante la aplicación del método de precios hedónicos expresado en un modelo econométrico, las variables determinantes del valor de los predios de las áreas de Pozos Colorados, Bello Horizonte y Don Jaca de la ciudad de Santa Marta, incluyendo la variable ambiental en la cuantificación económica de este. Este estudio, es de gran importancia debido a que en Colombia y, sobre todo, en el departamento del Magdalena, concretamente en la ciudad de Santa Marta, no se han realizado estudios de valoración económica con inclusión de la variable ambiental y tampoco de cuantificación de impacto ambiental en el valor de un predio expuesto a una externalidad del sector productivo. A través de la metodología de precios hedónicos, se pretendió evaluar información actualizada de precios de predios para el año 2005; identificando seis variables, de las cuales sólo una resultó no tener ninguna relevancia, ni incidencia sobre el precio de los predios del área de estudio, siendo esta la de estrato. En cuanto a las cinco variables restantes; superficie del terreno (M2, área construida (M2, proximidad al puerto de PRODECO, proximidad a la playa y proximidad a vía de acceso principal y de circulación de tractomulas que transportan carbón (Troncal del Caribe, mostraron tener incidencias sobre el precio del suelo de las área de Pozos Colorados, Bello Horizonte y Don Jaca de la ciudad de Santa Marta D.T.C.H, incluyendo la variable ambiental en el precio de estos predios.Palabras Clave: Precios Hedónicos; Precio del Suelo; Valoración económica; Impacto Ambiental Carbón; Pozos Colorados; Bello Horizonte; Don Jaca. Estimate of a hedonistic model for the Price of properties in the áreas of Pozos Colorados, Bello Horizonte and Don Jaca of the city of Santa Marta D.T.C.H, Colombia.AbstractThe purpose of this article is to identify the determining variables of the price of real estate in the

  14. Adaptación del arroz riego (Oryza sativa L. en el Caribe colombiano Adaptation of irrigated rice (Oryza sativa L. in the colombian Caribbean

    Hermes Aramendiz Tatis

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia, el arroz ocupa el primer lugar en seguridad alimentaria, valor económico y generación de empleo entre los cultivos anuales, siendo el sistema bajo riego más importante. El objetivo fue determinar el progreso, estabilidad y adaptabilidad del rendimiento de arroz bajo riego, en cinco departamentos del caribe colombiano. Se utilizaron datos del Ministerio de Agricultura y Desarrollo Rural, correspondiente a los Departamentos de Córdoba, Bolívar, Magdalena, Cesar y Guajira, durante el periodo 1987-2008. La estimación del progreso del rendimiento se realizó a través del análisis de regresión lineal entre los años (variable explicativa y el rendimiento de grano (variable explicada. La estabilidad se determinó a través del coeficiente de variación para tres períodos consecutivos de cinco años y el último de siete. La adaptabilidad, se realizó con el coeficiente de regresión lineal (bi. Los resultados destacan que el progreso en el rendimiento de grano en el Caribe colombiano, osciló entre 1.15% y 3.36% por año y 52.2 y 168.1 kg.ha-1, especialmente en el Departamento de Bolívar (3.36% por año y 168.1 kg.ha-1. La estabilidad, resultó en general alta (CV4.57 para el rendimiento de grano.In Colombia, the rice crop under irrigation system ranks first in food security, economic value and employment offer among annual crops, becoming the most important. The objective of this study was to quantify increasing, stability and adaptability of irrigated rice in five departments of the Colombian Caribbean area. Data from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development for the departments of Cordoba, Bolivar, Magdalena, Cesar and Guajira, during the year period 1987 to 2008 were used. The increasing in yield was determined using the linear regression analysis among years (independent variable and grain yield (dependent variable in each department. The yield stability was determined by the coefficient of variation across of three

  15. Historia natural del piche llorón Chaetophractus vellerosus (Mammalia: Xenarthra: Dasypodidae Natural history of the screaming hairy armadillo Chaetophractus vellerosus (Mammalia: Xenarthra: Dasypodidae

    AGUSTÍN M ABBA

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presentan nuevos aportes sobre la historia natural del piche llorón Chaetophractus vellerosus (Mammalia: Xenarthra: Dasypodidae. Los estudios de campo fueron llevados a cabo en 100 ha de un establecimiento ganadero de la localidad de Magdalena, provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina. Durante dos años (2006-2008 se realizó un muestreo estacional de armadillos por captura y recaptura. Se obtuvieron datos de hábitos alimentarios, uso del espacio y del tiempo, comportamiento, termorregulación, datos poblacionales y morfológicos. Se realizaron 237 capturas de un total de 136 individuos. En la dieta el ítem principal registrado fue insectos coleópteros, seguido por material vegetal y pequeños mamíferos; se observó una diferencia estacional en los hábitos alimentarios dada por una marcada caída de la ocurrencia de coleópteros durante la primavera. Durante las estaciones frías concentran su actividad al mediodía y primeras horas de la tarde y durante las estaciones cálidas el horario medio de actividad se da durante la tarde-noche. Seleccionan los suelos calcáreos arenosos y los pastizales de baja altura y alta cobertura de vegetación. El área de acción media registrada fue de 2670 m². Son individuos asociales, con comportamiento diferente entre las estaciones y seleccionan los montes de tala para refugiarse. La temperatura rectal mostró correlaciones positivas con la temperatura ambiente y el peso. La proporción de sexos fue cercana a uno y no se observó dimorfismo sexual. Los resultados obtenidos concuerdan con lo observado para la especie en otras áreas distantes y con diferentes condiciones ambientales. Este trabajo representa un aporte en varios aspectos poco estudiados de una población aislada y bajo importantes presiones de uso y modificación de hábitat que la pueden llevar a la extinción en un mediano plazo.This contribution presents new data about the natural history of the screaming hairy

  16. Diversidad de Anamorfos de Ascomycota en bosques nativos de Celtis tala (Ulmaceae en la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina Diversity of anamorphic fungi in Celtis tala (Ulmaceae native forest from Buenos Aires province, Argentina

    Natalia Allegrucci

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se analizó la diversidad de microhongos que constituyen la comunidad fúngica saprótrofa (anamorfos de Ascomycota presente en hojarasca y suelo en bosques nativos de Celtis tala (tala en el partido de Magdalena, provincia de Buenos Aires. Se realizaron muestreos estacionales durante dos años (2004-2005 y se aislaron e identificaron los hongos presentes. Se calculó la frecuencia relativa porcentual de cada taxón; estos datos fueron utilizados para evaluar la diversidad fúngica mediante el cálculo del Indice de Diversidad de Shanon y Weaver ( H '. Para discriminar las comunidades fúngicas se utilizó el coeficiente de similitud de Sorensen ( S '. Se identificaron 104 taxones de anamorfos de Ascomycota, de los cuales 54 fueron aislados de hojarasca y 58 de suelo, registrándose 8 especies en común para ambos tipos de muestra. De las especies compartidas, las que presentaron frecuencias más altas para hojarasca fueron las menos representadas en suelo y viceversa. El resultado del cálculo del coeficiente de similitud de Sorensen fue de 0.14, indicando que la comunidad de hongos saprótrofos que crece en la hojarasca de tala está integrada por diferentes especies a las que caracterizan la micobiota del suelo de la misma área. No se encontraron diferencias significativas en el índice de diversidad.In this paper we analyze the diversity of species that compose the saprotrophic (anamorphic Ascomycota fungi community in the leaf litter and soil in Celtis tala forest in Magdalena , located in the province of Buenos Aires . Seasonal samples were taken during two years (2004-2005, and fungi were isolated and identified. The relative frequencies of fungi were calculated. To compare the similarity of the fungi composition between different habitats, Sorensen's index of similarity (S´ was applied. The frequencies of occurrence of these fungi were recorded and Shannon Weaver index (H´ was applied to evaluate fungal

  17. Towards a National Hazard Map of Landslides: Juan de Grijalva, Chiapas, and Mitlatongo, Oaxaca, two catastrophic landslides on southeastern of Mexico

    Dominguez-M, L.; Castañeda, A.; Ramirez, A.; González, A. E.

    2013-05-01

    One of the most catastrophic events, with economical losses and deaths, in Mexico and Latin America, is the landslide event. The Juan de Grijalva landslide, which blocked one of the largest rivers in the Chiapas state of Mexico, on November 4, 2007, is considered one of the greatest that have occurred in the world in the last 100 years (Dominguez, 2008) and it could be the one with the largest economic impact in the history of Mexico. This landslide occurred four days after a period of very heavy rains that caused, in the peak of the emergency, flooding in almost 62% of the area of the state of Tabasco (CENAPRED, 2009) and is also one of the most serious disasters that were faced by the Mexican government in the past 10 years. The Juan de Grijalva landslide mobilized the entire government apparatus and required an investment of just over 0.1 billions of US Dollars (CENAPRED, 2009) for the rehabilitation of the river runway and additional works in order to prevent further damages if another landslide occurs in the vicinity. A similar case of interest for Mexican researchers and specialists in earth sciences is the big landslide occurred in the communities of Santa Cruz Mitlatongo, municipality of Magdalena Jaltepec, and Santiago Mitlatongo, municipality of Nochixtlan, both in the state of Oaxaca (Dominguez, 2011). This landslide has dimensions of just over 2,500 m long and 900 m wide, and it remains active from September 2011. Since then, the landslide has moved just over 230 m in length and has destroyed about 850 houses. Given the geological and geotechnical characteristics of these landslides and the economic and social impact caused, the National Center for Disaster Prevention (CENAPRED) has initiated a research project in order to learn the main factors (constraints and triggers) that influenced both landslides. In relation with the National Hazard Landslide Map, developed by CENAPRED, these events are an important task of the National Inventory of Landslides

  18. Ochetosoma heterocoelium (Digenea: Plagiorchiidae in snakes from Colombia Ochetosoma heterocoelium (Digenea: Plagiorchiidae en ofidios de Colombia

    Carolina Lenis

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Ochetosoma heterocoelium Travassos, 1921 is a parasite that has been identified in snakes from different locations in Colombia and is considered of veterinary importance. Here, we present a redescription based on morphological traits of juveniles and adults. Parasite burden of O. heterocoelium in the host varied between 3-207 individuals which were localized in the oral cavity of snakes, causing damage that range from small infections to mechanical obstruction of the esophagus and Jacobson's organ. The low levels of abundance and prevalence in the snakes Leptodeira septentrionalis, Bothriechis schlegelli, Bothrops asper and Porthidium nasutum coming from the localities of Maceo, Vegachí and Acandí regions, suggest that the parasite is not a threat to the snakes of Colombia. We propose a treatment program that consists of manual removal of Digenea as well as treating snakes with antihelminthics, the applaying of soft antiseptics and monitoring recovery. The prevalence of O. heterocoelium was established in new regions, namely Middle Magdalena, Valle de Aburrá, Urabá Chocoano and northern Colombia. This extends the known geographical distribution from Brazil and Venezuela. New hosts were also identified: Atractus lasallei, Bothriechis schlegelli, Bothrops asper, Chironius carinatus, Leptodeira septentrionalis, Leptophis ahaetulla and Porthidium nasutum.Se identifica Ochetosoma heterocoelium Travassos, 1921 como un parásito de importancia veterinaria en ofidios de diferentes localidades de Colombia y se redescribe con base en las características morfológicas de individuos juveniles y adultos. La carga parasitaria de O. heterocoelium varió de 3-207 individuos alojados en la cavidad bucal de los ofidios, causando desde infecciones leves hasta obstrucción mecánica en el esófago y órgano de Jacobson. Los bajos valores de abundancia y prevalencia en las localidades de Maceo, Vegachí y Acandí y en los ofidios Leptodeira septentrionalis

  19. JOSÉ ANTONIO JÁCOME VALDERRAMA (1915-1966 LUMINARIA DE SANTANDER Y DE COLOMBIA

    Efraím Otero Ruiz

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available

    (Discurso pronunciado durante la ceremonia de posesión como Miembro Correspondiente Nacional de la Academia de Historia de Santander, Bucaramanga, Mayo 13 de 2009.

    En 2006 pasó casi desapercibido el cuadragésimo aniversario de la muerte de José Antonio Jácome Valderrama, una de las mentalidades médicas más luminosas del país en el siglo XX. Fallecido apenas al cumplir los 51 de su edad, su estrella brilló por 25 años ascendiendo a las posiciones más altas de la salud en Colombia. Por eso creímos, cuando se conmemoró el medio siglo del Colegio Médico de Santander, que nada hubiera sido más oportuno que evocar la memoria de quien fuera no solo fundador y alto exponente de la Federación Médica Colombiana (de la que recibió su máxima condecoración en 1963 sino incondicional estandarte de su tierra, de sus valores y de su gente.

    Nacido en Bucaramanga el 16 de febrero de 1915, su madre fue una de esas nueve bellas mujeres que unieron sus genes con los de los varones más ilustres y de mayor raigambre dentro de la sociedad santandereana. El mismo relató así algunas de las circunstancias de su nacimiento : “Soy hijo de José Domingo Jácome Niz y Matilde Valderrama de Jácome Niz, ambos ya fallecidos, a quienes debo tánto por la educación que me dieron, por el ejemplo admirable que me ofrecieron, por la formación moral con que forjaron mi espíritu y mi corazón y sobre todo por el amor entrañable y cordial que hizo de nuestro hogar un sitio lleno de felicidad, a pesar de todas las vicisitudes que tuvimos que soportar”.1 1

    Los Jácome Niz provenían de Ocaña, ciudad que desde la colonia mantuvo vínculos con Bucaramanga, por el relativamente cercano acceso de ambas al río Magdalena, en contraste con las fragorosas montañas que había que cruzar desde cada una de ellas para llegar a Cúcuta y a la frontera venezolana. En sus viajes entre una y otra, ya para

  20. Las instituciones educativas y la comunidad frente al maltrato infantil: una experiencia de investigación acción participativa Educative institutions and the community faced with child maltreatment: an experience of participative action research

    María Dilia Mieles Barrera

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available La investigación "Diagnóstico del Maltrato Infantil en la Comuna 8 del Distrito de Santa Marta", financiada por el Fondo Patrimonial para el Desarrollo de la Investigación de la Universidad del Magdalena (Santa Marta, Colombia y desarrollada por el Grupo de Investigación en Educación Infantil, caracteriza las formas de maltrato infantil (MI más frecuentes en esta zona de la ciudad y describe el papel de las instituciones educativas y la comunidad frente a esta problemática. La metodología Investigación-Acción-Participativa (IAP permitió movilizar la sociedad civil, instituciones educativas y organizaciones gubernamentales para trabajar en el diagnóstico y prevención. Se encontraron todas las formas de maltrato caracterizadas y los principales maltratadores se reconocieron como pertenecientes al grupo familiar. Se identificaron factores protectores en las familias, la comunidad y el Estado. La extrema pobreza y el bajo nivel educativo propician el maltrato y originan condiciones de vida injustas para la infancia, violación de sus derechos y grave daño en su desarrollo integral. Se recomienda: i Desarrollar estrategias de formación y prevención con las familias y la comunidad para disminuir la violencia intrafamiliar y escolar; ii que las instituciones educativas intervengan con una activa función preventiva; iii organizar programas de apoyo social, económico y psicológico, que mejoren la calidad de vida de las familias y contribuyan a la protección de la infancia, con apoyo de universidades, organismos oficiales e institucionales, iv difundir ampliamente los resultados visualizando la preocupante presencia del maltrato infantil y concientizando sobre su prevención.The study entitled "Diagnostic of Child Maltreatment in Commune 8 of the District of Santa Marta" (Diagnóstico del Maltrato Infantil en la Comuna 8 del Distrito de Santa Marta sponsored by the Patrimonial Fund for the Development of Research of the University of