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Sample records for macrophyllum pursh ainus

  1. Influence of bigleaf maple (Acer Macrophyllum Pursh) on soil properties in a conifer forest of southwest British Columbia

    OpenAIRE

    Chandler, Julia

    2006-01-01

    The overall objective of this research was to detect the influence of bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum Pursh) on soils in a conifer forest of southwest British Columbia. Forest floor properties were measured beneath bigleaf maple along six transects and on two 36 m x 36 m plots. Wavelet analysis, kriging, spatial autocorrelation analysis, local indicators of spatial association, and parametric statistics were used to explore and confirm bigleaf maple patterns of influence on surrounding soils...

  2. Komponen kimia daun Cinnamomum macrophyllum Miq Lauraceae

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    Andria Agusta

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available An analysis on the chemical constituents of Cinnnamomum macrophyllum Miq leaves from Halmahera island using combination techniques GCMS was conducted. Total numbers of the constituents which can be detected were 59 consisted of monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, aromatic hydrocarbons, phenol derivates, alkanes, oxygenated hydrocarbon, alcohols, aldehydes, caboxilix acid and alkaloid aong with eight unidentified compounds (1-8. Leaves of C. macrophyllum contained bioactive compound such as limonene, isoeugenol, methyleugenon, safrole, vitamin E, furfuraldehyde, 2-furan-carboxaldehyde and 7-methyl xanthine.

  3. Behavioral flexibility of the trawling long-footed bat, Macrophyllum macrophyllum (Phyllostomidae

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    Moritz eWeinbeer

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available We assessed the behavioral flexibility of the trawling long-legged bat, Macrophyllum macrophyllum (Phyllostomidae in flight cage experiments by exposing it to prey suspended from nylon threads in the air and to food placed onto the water surface at varying distances to clutter-producing background (water plants. The bat revealed flexibility in foraging mode and caught prey in the air (aerial hawking and from the water surface (trawling. M. macrophyllum was constrained in finding food very near to and within clutter. As echolocation was the prime sensory mode used by M. macrophyllum for detection and localization of food, the bat might have been unable to perceive sufficient information from prey near clutter as background echoes from the water plant increasingly overlapped with echoes from food. The importance of echolocation for foraging is reflected in a stereotypic call pattern of M. macrophyllum that resembles other aerial insectivorous and trawling bats with a pronounced terminal phase (buzz prior to capture attempts. Our findings contrast studies of other phyllostomid bats that glean prey very near or from vegetation, often using additional sensory cues, such as prey-produced noise, to find food and that lack a terminal phase in echolocation behavior. In M. macrophyllum, acoustic characteristics of its foraging habitat have shaped its sonar system more than phylogeny.

  4. Chemical constituents from bark of Cenostigma macrophyllum: cholesterol occurrence; Constituintes quimicos das cascas do caule de Cenostigma macrophyllum: ocorrencia de colesterol

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Hilris Rocha e; Silva, Carmem Cicera Maria da; Caland Neto, Laurentino Batista; Lopes, Jose Arimateia Dantas; Cito, Antonia Maria das Gracas Lopes; Chaves, Mariana H. [Universidade Federal do Piaui (UFPI), Teresina, PI (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica]. E-mail: mariana@ufpi.br

    2007-07-01

    Phytochemical investigation of the bark of Cenostigma macrophyllum (Leguminosae-Caesapinioideae) resulted in the isolation and identification of valoneic acid dilactone, ellagic acid, lupeol, alkyl ferulate, four free sterols (cholesterol, campesterol, stigmasterol and sitosterol), a mixture of sitosteryl ester derivatives of fatty acids, sitosterol-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, stigmasterol-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside and saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. The structures of the isolated compounds were identified by {sup 1}H and {sup 13}C NMR spectral analysis and comparison with literature data. The mixtures of 3-beta-hydroxysterols and fatty acids were analysed by GC/MS. (author)

  5. Constituintes químicos das cascas do caule de Cenostigma macrophyllum: ocorrência de colesterol Chemical constituents from bark of Cenostigma macrophyllum: cholesterol occurrence

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    Hilris Rocha e Silva

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Phytochemical investigation of the bark of Cenostigma macrophyllum (Leguminosae-Caesapinioideae resulted in the isolation and identification of valoneic acid dilactone, ellagic acid, lupeol, alkyl ferulate, four free sterols (cholesterol, campesterol, stigmasterol and sitosterol, a mixture of sitosteryl ester derivatives of fatty acids, sitosterol-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, stigmasterol-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside and saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. The structures of the isolated compounds were identified by ¹H and 13C NMR spectral analysis and comparison with literature data. The mixtures of 3-beta-hydroxysterols and fatty acids were analysed by GC/MS.

  6. Surviving in isolation: genetic variation, bottlenecks and reproductive strategies in the Canarian endemic Limonium macrophyllum (Plumbaginaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez, Ares; Weigelt, Barbara; Santos-Guerra, Arnoldo; Caujapé-Castells, Juli; Fernández-Palacios, José María; Conti, Elena

    2017-02-01

    Oceanic archipelagos are typically rich in endemic taxa, because they offer ideal conditions for diversification and speciation in isolation. One of the most remarkable evolutionary radiations on the Canary Islands comprises the 16 species included in Limonium subsection Nobiles, all of which are subject to diverse threats, and legally protected. Since many of them are single-island endemics limited to one or a few populations, there exists a risk that a loss of genetic variation might limit their long-term survival. In this study, we used eight newly developed microsatellite markers to characterize the levels of genetic variation and inbreeding in L. macrophyllum, a species endemic to the North-east of Tenerife that belongs to Limonium subsection Nobiles. We detected generally low levels of genetic variation over all populations (H T = 0.363), and substantial differentiation among populations (F ST = 0.188; R ST = 0.186) coupled with a negligible degree of inbreeding (F = 0.042). Obligate outcrossing may have maintained L. macrophyllum relatively unaffected by inbreeding despite the species' limited dispersal ability and the genetic bottlenecks likely caused by a prolonged history of grazing. Although several factors still constitute a risk for the conservation of L. macrophyllum, the lack of inbreeding and the recent positive demographic trends observed in the populations of this species are factors that favour its future persistence.

  7. FT-Raman spectroscopic study of skin wound healing in diabetic rats treated with Cenostigma macrophyllum Tul

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coelho, Nayana Pinheiro Machado de Freitas; Martins, Marcelino, E-mail: nayanamachado@oi.com.br [Faculdade Diferencial Integral (FACID), Teresina, PI (Brazil); Costa, Charlytton Luis Sena da; Maia Filho, Antonio Luis [Universidade Estadual do Piaui (UESPI), Teresina, PI (Brazil); Raniero, Leandro; Martin, Airton Abrahao; Arisawa, Emilia Angela Loschiavo [Universidade do Vale do Paraiba (UNIVAP), Sao Jose dos Campos, SP (Brazil). Instituto de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento

    2014-07-01

    Introduction: patients with diabetes mellitus exhibit a delay in the lesion repair process. The active components of Cenostigma macrophyllum may represent a viable alternative to facilitate the recovery of these lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of emulsion oil-water Cenostigma macrophyllum in the repair process of lesions in rats with induced diabetes. Methods: 63 male rats (Wistar, 200-250 g body weight, 30-40 days old) were distributed into the following groups: control (C), diabetic (D) and diabetic treated with Cenostigma macrophyllum (P), subdivided based on the experimental times, days 7, 14 and 28, with 21 animals per main group. Diabetes mellitus (DM) was induced by administration of streptozotocin (50 mg/kg via penile vein and 12-h fasting) and confirmed at day 21 (glycemic index > 240 mg/dL). In the animals of group P, 0.5 ml of the oil-water emulsion obtained from the plant seed was used. The samples were removed and hemisectioned, and one portion was used for the quantitative histological analysis of collagen using Masson's trichrome staining, while another portion was analyzed by FT-Raman spectroscopy. Results: A higher percentage area of the volume of collagen fibers was observed for the experimental time Day 14 in group P compared with group D (p < 0.001). Regarding the ratio of areas of the amides I (1700-1600 cm{sup -1}) and III (1245-1345 cm{sup -1}), the groups D and P show the opposite behavior. Conclusion: Cenostigma macrophyllum accelerated the repair process in skin of diabetic ratsfor14 days. (author)

  8. On-line (HPLC-NMR) and off-line phytochemical profiling of the Australian plant, Lasiopetalum macrophyllum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmers, Michael; Urban, Sylvia

    2012-05-01

    On-line (HPLC-NMR) and off-line (HPLC, NMR and MS) methodologies were used to profile the constituents present in the crude extract of Lasiopetalum macrophyllum. On-flow and stop-flow HPLC-NMR supported the presence of trans-tiliroside and permitted partial identification of cis-tiliroside and 4'-methoxy-trans-tiliroside. Off-line isolation led to the unequivocal identification of four flavanoid glycosides including a new structural derivative, 4'-methoxycis-tiliroside. This is the first report of flavonoid glycosides occurring in this plant genus. In addition, a number of structure revisions have been proposed for previously reported flavonoid glycosides that were incorrectly assigned.

  9. The effects of planting media and leaf fertilizers on the growth of jamrud orchid (Dendrobium macrophyllum A. Rich.

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    I GEDE TIRTA

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Jamrud orchid (Dendrobium macrophyllum A. Rich. have attractive flowers which make the orchid become one of high economic ornamental plants. The orchid is one of endangered species. Its growth is slow, however appropriate planting media and leaf fertilizers can improve the growth of the orchid. The experiment was conducted from February to June 2003, at “Eka Karya” Bali Botanic Garden. The design used in the experiment was completely randomized block with two treatments and four replicates. The first factor were six kinds of planting medias (roots of C. contaminans, roots of Asplenium nidus, charcoal, roots of C. contaminans+roots of A. nidus, roots of C. contaminans+charcoal and roots of A. nidus+charcoal. The second factor were four kinds of fertilizers (plant catalyst, super bionik, inabio and subur inti persada and one treatment without fertilizer. The results of experiment showed that the interaction between planting medias and leaf fertilizers significantly affected increment of plant height at 12, 14, 16 and 18 weeks after planting, of leaf number at 14, 16 and 18 weeks after planting, of root length, of plant fresh weight and oven dry weight. Treatment of C. contaminans roots and of A. nidus roots combined with inabio fertilizer produced the highest vegetative growth. This treatment increased the total oven dry weight of plant (54.81%, increased the weight of plant (67.48%, of root length (41.63%, of total leaf number (70.73%, of plant height (59.01% and bud number (72.22% compared with treatment without fertilizer in the same media.

  10. Chemical constituents and toxicity of Agastache foeniculum (Pursh kuntze essential oil against two stored-product insect pests Componentes químicos y toxicidad del aceite esencial de Agastachefoeniculum (Pursh Kuntze contra dos plagas de insectos de productos almacenados

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    Asgar Ebadollahi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The uncontrolled use of synthetic insecticides is a great hazard for the environment and consumers. Essential oils were introduced as low toxic agents against mammals and non-targeted insects. In this study, essential oil from aerial parts of blue giant hyssop (Agastache foeniculum [Pursh] Kuntze (Lamiaceae was isolated by the water steam distillation method with a Clevenger apparatus, and its chemical composition was studied by gas chromatography mass spectrometry. The toxicity of A. foeniculum essential oil against red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst, and lesser grain borer Rhyzopertha dominica (F. was evaluated by fumigation at 24, 48, and 72 h exposure times. Estragole and 1,8-cineole were identified as major constituents of the A. foeniculum oil. Fumigation bioassays revealed that A.foeniculum oil had strong insecticidal activity on experimental insects. Rhyzopertha dominica was more susceptible than T. castaneum for all exposure times. Insecticidal activity varied with essential oil concentration and exposure time. Probit analysis showed that increased exposure time and essential oil concentration increased mortality. These results indicated that A. foeniculum essential oil can be applied in the management of stored-product insects to decrease the detrimental effects of synthetic insecticides.El uso incontrolado de los insecticidas sintéticos causa gran peligro para el medio ambiente y los consumidores. Los aceites esenciales se presentan como agentes tóxicos leves contra mamíferos e insectos no objetivo. En el presente estudio, el aceite esencial de las partes aéreas del hisopo gigante azul (Agastache Foeniculum [Pursh] Kuntze (Lamiaceae se aisló por el método de destilación al vapor de agua, utilizando un aparato de Clevenger y se estudió su composición química mediante cromatografía de gases y espectrometría de masas. La toxicidad del aceite esencial de A. foeniculum se evaluó por métodos de fumigación a las 24

  11. Avaliação das estruturas secretoras de Ocimum gratissimum var. macrophyllum Briq. (Lamiaceae após extração dos constituintes voláteis Evaluation of secretory structures of Ocimum gratissimum var. macrophyllum Briq. (Lamiaceae after extraction of volatile compounds

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    A.S. Alvarez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available O impacto provocado nas estruturas secretoras de folhas adultas de Ocimum gratissimum var. macrophyllum após extração dos componentes voláteis utilizando-se diferentes métodos de extração foi investigado através de microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV. Secções transversais do ápice, da nervura central, e da margem mostraram superfície com cutícula estriada, estômatos diacíticos, tricomas tectores simples, filiformes, e glandulares peltados. Os peltados, com estrutura envolta por uma cutícula contendo o exsudado celular, variaram de 60 a 80µm de diâmetro sendo formados por uma porção apical multicelular com disposição radial formada por dois círculos concêntricos com 9 a 16 células. Na região central do ápice do tricoma peltado se identificou a presença de 4 células em forma de vértice dispostas sobre o pedúnculo, sendo esta a região mais externa formada por número variável de células. Os componentes voláteis das folhas adultas foram extraídos por hidrodestilação (HD, destilação-extração simultânea (DES, e solvente (SO. Os dados obtidos evidenciaram que o maior impacto nas estruturas secretoras ocorreu após extração por hidrodestilação quando comparado aos outros métodos utilizados. A porcentagem dos principais constituintes químicos, timol e γ-terpineno variaram de acordo com o método de extração: timol (HD = 25,4%, SO = 18,2%, DES = 54,8% e γ-terpineno (HD = 38,2%, SO = ausente, DES = 13,7%.The impact on the secretory structures of mature leaves of Ocimum gratissimum var. macrophyllum, after extraction of the volatile compounds using different extraction methods, was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM. Cross-sections of the apex, the midrib and the margin showed surface with striated cuticle, diacitic stomata, single tector, filiform and glandular peltate trichomes. The peltate trichomes with a structure surrounded by cuticle containing the celllular exudate ranged from

  12. The study on essential oil components and comparison of identification in Chinese cassia and Cinnamomum cassia var.macrophyllum Chu.%国产肉桂和大叶清化桂的鉴别比较及其挥发油成分研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王世伟

    2011-01-01

    The paper compares Chinese cassia with Cinnamomum cassia var.macrophyllum Chu in macroscopical identification, microscopical identification, and physicochemical identification, and determing the content of essential oil in different parts of two plants.The results showed Cinnamadehyde content in Cinnamomum cassia var.macrophyllum Chu is higher than Chinese cassia, its quality is superior.%对国产肉桂与大叶清化桂的性状鉴别、显微鉴别、理化鉴别进行了比较,并测定了二者不同部位挥发油含量,论证了大叶清化桂皮中桂皮醛含量要高于国产肉桂,其质较优.

  13. The Effect of Drought Stress on the Essential Oil Content and Some of the Biochemical Characteristics of Anise Hyssop (Agastache foeniculum [Pursh] Kuntze

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    Sajedeh Saeedfar

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Plot trials were carried out in a research field in Tehran (Iran to determine the effect of drought stress on the essential oil content and some of the plant biochemical characteristics of Anise Hyssop (Agastache foeniculum [Pursh] Kuntze, which is a valuable medicinal plant. Drought stress was conducted at different levels including: well-water (100% FC, mild drought stress (85% FC, moderate drought stress (70% FC, severe drought stress (55% FC, 100% FC (vegetative stage 85% FC (reproductive stage, 100% FC (vegetative stage 70% FC (reproductive stage, and 85% FC (vegetative stage 100% FC (reproductive stage. The experiment was arranged as a RCBD with three replications. The output results showed that, water deficit stress significantly (P≤0.05 increased activities of antioxidant enzymes (Superoxide Dismutase, Catalase, Glutathione Peroxidase as well as Essential Oil yield and Abscisic Acid content. Lipid and protein oxidation (malondialdehyde and dityrosine contents also increased significantly under severe water deficit stress. According to the results, severe drought conduction (55% FC is the optimum level of soil moisture to plant Anise Hyssop under water deficit stress.

  14. 高效液相色谱法同时测定赶黄草中槲皮素和山柰酚含量%Simultaneous Content Determination of Quercetin and Kaempferol in Penthorum Chinense Pursh by HPLC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗兴平; 杨玲霞

    2016-01-01

    目的:建立高效液相色谱法同时测定赶黄草中槲皮素和山柰酚含量的方法。方法采用高效液相色谱法,色谱柱为 Kromasil C18柱(4.0 mm×250 mm,5.0µm),流动相为甲醇-0.1%磷酸溶液(50∶50),流速1.0 mL/min,检测波长360 nm,检测温度为室温。结果槲皮素、山柰酚分别在0.1056~2.1120μg 和0.0236~0.472μg 范围内具有良好线性关系,平均回收率分别为98.46%(RSD=2.29%)和98.17%(RSD=1.99%)。结论该法准确、灵敏,可用于赶黄草中槲皮素和山柰酚的含量测定。%Objective To establish an HPLC method for the simultaneous content determination of quercetin and kaempferol in Penthorum Chinense Pursh. Methods The HPLC analysis was carried out on Kromasil C18 (250 mm× 4.0 mm, 5.0 μm) with a mixture of methanol-0.1% phosphate (50:50) as the mobile phase. The determination wavelength was set at 360 nm with the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The column temperature was set at room temperature. Results The quercetin and kaempferol showed good linearity in the range of 0.105 6–2.112 0 μg and 0.023 6–0.472 μg respectively. The average recovery rates of quercetin and kaempferol were 98.46% (RSD=2.29%) and 98.17%(RSD=1.99%) respectively. Conclusion The method is accurate and sensitive, which can be used for the content determination of quercetin and kaempferol in Penthorum Chinense Pursh.

  15. Liitmuuseum pole ainus ega parim valik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Kultuuriministeeriumi ettepanekust moodustada 15 maakonnamuuseumi alusel liitmuuseum. Maakonnamuuseumide töötajate "Üksmeele avaldus", mis esitati avalikkusele Narva näituse festivalil 28.09. 2009. aastal

  16. Eesti ainus Lenin on hoiul / Sergei Stepanov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stepanov, Sergei

    2003-01-01

    Narva Peetri platsil seisnud Lenini pronksskulptuurist (skulptor Olav Männi, arhitekt Borg), mille praegune asukoht on Narva kindluse territooriumil muuseumi eksponaadina. Kommentaarid Eldar Efendijevilt

  17. USA ainus eksistentsialist Paul Bowles / Kalmer Saar

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    Saar, Kalmer

    2005-01-01

    Ameerika kirjanik, helilooja ja rännumees Paul Bowles (1911-1999), kelle romaani ainetel on loodud mängufilm "Varjav taevas" ("The Sheltering Sky") : režissöör Bernardo Bertolucci : Ameerika Ühendriigid - Itaalia 1990

  18. The role of bigleaf maple in soil chemistry and nutrient dynamics in coastal temperate forests

    OpenAIRE

    Turk, Tanya D.

    2006-01-01

    The influence of bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum Pursh) in a forest dominated by Douglas-fir [Pseudotsuga menziessi (Mirb.) Franco] and western hemlock [Tsuga heterophylla (RAF.) Sarg.] was studied in a paired-plot design through an examination of the annual contribution of bigleaf maple litterfall to nutrient flux, its rate of decay, and its properties within the forest floor and mineral soil. Compared to conifer plots, bigleaf maple plots had litterfall significantly higher in all elements...

  19. Spatial and temporal variation of forest floor, throughfall, and stemflow properties associated with Bigleaf Maple in a mixed conifer forest of coastal British Columbia

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    Hamdan, Khaled Ahmad

    2012-01-01

    Bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum Pursh) is a large deciduous tree that is abundant in western North America. This study addressed whether the predicted increase in abundance of bigleaf maple because of climate change could influence forest hydrology and site fertility due to species-specific effects on incident rainfall distribution and nutrient cycling. The study examined the spatial and temporal variation of forest floor, throughfall, and stemflow properties associated with bigleaf maple in...

  20. Different concentration of Penthorum chinese Pursh have significant Protected effects on the GPT,UA and Cr of alcohol consumPtion liver damage%初步研究不同浓度赶黄草对酒精肝小鼠谷丙转氨酶,尿酸及肌酐的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方聪; 曾伟; 黄婷; 彭波辉; 赵国; 田建军; 罗玥佶

    2016-01-01

    目的:研究不同浓度赶黄草对酒精肝小鼠谷丙转氨酶,尿酸及肌酐的影响。方法成年健康小鼠50只,按体重随机分为5组,每组10只,分别为酒精模型组,低浓度药物治疗组,中浓度药物治疗组,高浓度药物治疗组,正常对照组。前四组每天给予5ml/kg,浓度50%的乙醇灌胃,连续30d,同时药物影响的三组给予不同浓度的药物治疗,正常对照组灌相同量的蒸馏水。实验结束,取动物肝脏进行病理组织学检查,血清进行生化检测。结果对小鼠肝组织内谷丙转氨酶,尿酸及总胆固醇含量的影响与正常对照组比较,赶黄草小鼠肝组织内的 GPT,UA 含量显著下降,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。提示高剂量的赶黄草对小鼠长期过量饮酒肝损伤有明显的保护作用。%PurPose: To study that different concentration of Penthorum chinese Pursh have significant Protected effects on the liver damage of long time excessive alcohol consumPtion. Methods: According to their body weights, adult healthy mice were randomly divided into 5 grouPs with each 10 mice: alcohol model grouP, low concentration medicine treatment grouP, middle concentration medicine treatment grouP, high concentration medicine treatment grouP and normal control grouP. The Previous four grouPs received 5ml/kg, 50% alcohol for 30 consecutive days, at the same time, the three medicine treatment grouP received different intensity drugs theraPy, normal control grouP received the same amount of distilled water. After the exPeriment, the GPT and UA level significantly decreased in the liver of the exPeriment mice received Penthorum chinese Pursh and the differences were statically significant (P<0.01). The result shows that high concentration of Penthorum chinese Pursh have significant Protected imPacts on the liver damage of long time excessive alcohol consumPtion.

  1. Simultaneous Determination of Content of Gallic Acid, Quercetin and β-sitosterol in Penthorum Chinense Pursh by HPLC%赶黄草中没食子酸、槲皮素及β-谷甾醇的高效液相色谱测定法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜曦; 唐斌; 张青碧; 何兵

    2011-01-01

    目的 同时测定赶黄草中活性成分β-谷甾醇、槲皮素及没食子酸的含量.方法 粉碎后的赶黄草采用乙醇溶液浸提、过滤,滤液浓缩后用甲醇溶解获得供试品溶液.采用高效液相色谱法,SunFireCis色谱柱,以乙腈-0.1%磷酸溶液为流动相梯度洗脱,流速为1.0 ml/min,检测波长为254 nm.利用标准曲线法定量.结果 β-谷甾醇在1.40~3.50μg、槲皮素在0.42-4.20μg、没食子酸在0.32-6.40μg范围内线性关系良好,β-谷甾醇的回收率为99.08%,RSD为1.50%;槲皮素的回收率为99.06%,RSD为0.98%;没食子酸的回收率为98.58%,RSD为1.04%.β-谷甾醇、槲皮素、没食子酸的检出限分别为2.8、3.4、2.4ng.结论 该方法 简便、分离效果好、结果 准确,适于赶黄草中β-谷甾醇、槲皮素及没食子酸的含量测定.%Objective To determine the content of β-sitosterol, quercetin and gallic acid simultaneously in Penthorum Chinense Pursh. Methods The sample solution was prepared by following procedure consisted of crude medicines grinding,ethanol impregnation, filtering, concentration and dissolved with methanol. An HPLC method was established using SunFireC18 (150 mm×4.6 mm,5 μm) with acetonitrile and 0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution as the mobile phase of gradient elution at a flow rate of 1.0ml/min and the detection wavelength of 254 nm. The standard curve method was adopted .for quantification. Results The calibration curves were linear in 1.40-3.50 μg for β-sitosterol, 0.42-4.20 μg for quercetin and 0.32-6.40 μg for gallic acid,the corresponding average recovery rates were 99.08% ,99.06% and 98.58% with RSDs of 1.50%,0.98% and 1.04%. The limits of detection were 2.8 ng for β-sitosterol, 3.4 ng for quercetin and 2.4 ng for gallic acid respectively. Conclusion The method is satisfactory in separation effect , simple and accurate,and it is applicable to the simultaneous determination of β-sitosterol,quercetin and gallic acid

  2. Breti Blue - ainus kodumaine hallitusega juust / Annely Allik

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    Allik, Annely

    2006-01-01

    Ettevõtte Luke Farmimeieri juht Aigar Brett juustutootmisest. Kommenteerib Eesti toiduainetööstuse Liidu juhataja Sirje Potisepp. Vt. samas: Niilo vahetab Bretiga sõira juustu vastu; Juustulett ootab uusi tooteid

  3. Polyphenols with Anti-Proliferative Activities from Penthorum Chinense Pursh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doudou Huang

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Two new polyphenols, penthorumin C (1 and 2,6-dihydroxyacetophenone-4-O- [4ꞌ,6ꞌ-(S-hexahydroxydiphenoyl]-β-D-glucose (2, along with four known polyphenolic acids, pinocembrin-7-O-[4ꞌꞌ,6ꞌꞌ-hexahydroxydiphenoyl]-β-D-glucose(3, pinocembrin-7-O-[3ꞌꞌ-O- galloyl- 4ꞌꞌ,6ꞌꞌ-hexahydroxydiphenoyl]-β-D-glucose (4, thonningianin A (5, and thonningianin B (6 were isolated from Penthourm chinense. All compounds were evaluated for their anti-proliferative activity in HSC-T6 cells, and 2 and 5 showed significant activity, with IC50 values of 12.7 and 19.2 μM, respectively.

  4. Intense echolocation calls from two ;whispering' bats, Artibeus jamaicensis and Macrophyllum macrophyllum (Phyllostomidae)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brinkløv, Signe; Kalko, Elisabeth K V; Surlykke, Annemarie

    2009-01-01

    a much more variable output, including many faint calls and a mean source level of 96 dB SPL. Our results support increasing evidence that echolocating bats in general are much louder than previously thought. We discuss the importance of loud calls and large output flexibility for both species...

  5. Rein Ruutsoo: Vaenlase tegemine on ikka veel mõnede poliitikute ainus poliitika / Rein Ruutsoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruutsoo, Rein, 1947-

    2007-01-01

    Nõukogude Eestist saladokumente Läände toimetanud Rein Ruutsoo kommenteerib riiklike teenetemärkide jagamist endistele kommunistidele president Arnold Rüütli ja president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese ajal. T.H. Ilves on arvanud autasustatavate hulka Eestimaa Kommunistliku Partei poolt juhitud ideoloogiatöö võitlejad Eesti Raadios Aarne Rannamäe ja Peeter Kaldre

  6. Kontserdimajas kõlab ainus juutide reekviem / Ülle Jantson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jantson, Ülle

    2009-01-01

    30. oktoobril Pärnu kontserdimajas toimuvast kontserdist, esitusel Eric Zeisli heebreakeelne "Requiem Ebraico" ja Arvo Pärdi teos "Tribute to Caesar", esitajateks Pärnu linnaorkester, kammerkoor Voces Musicales ja solistid

  7. Inglise keel pole ainus võõrkeel / Mari Tarvas, Merle Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tarvas, Mari, 1969-

    2009-01-01

    Kogu maailmas on viimastel aastakümnetel võtnud võimust tendents õpetada inglise keelt esimese võõrkeelena. Paljud riigid on astunud samme keelelise mitmekesisuse taastamiseks, teiste hulgas ka Eesti

  8. Capita Selecta Early Music Amsterdam : Kas eestlastele ainus koht varajase muusika õpinguteks? / Taavi-Mats Utt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Utt, Taavi-Mats

    2000-01-01

    SICi (Stichting Internationale Concerten en Werkgroepen) korraldatavast varajase muusika koolitusest, seminaride sarjast "Capita Selecta Early Music Amsterdam", SICi plaanist laiendada tegevust Kiievi ja Peterburi konservatooriumidesse

  9. Rein Ruutsoo: Vaenlase tegemine on ikka veel mõnede poliitikute ainus poliitika / Rein Ruutsoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ruutsoo, Rein, 1947-

    2007-01-01

    Nõukogude Eestist saladokumente Läände toimetanud Rein Ruutsoo kommenteerib riiklike teenetemärkide jagamist endistele kommunistidele president Arnold Rüütli ja president Toomas Hendrik Ilvese ajal. T.H. Ilves on arvanud autasustatavate hulka Eestimaa Kommunistliku Partei poolt juhitud ideoloogiatöö võitlejad Eesti Raadios Aarne Rannamäe ja Peeter Kaldre

  10. Režissöör Jaini film on omasuguste seas ainus / Berit Toodo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toodo, Berit

    2008-01-01

    Pärnu 22. dokumentaal- ja antropoloogiafilmide festivalil esilinastus india režissööri Rajele Jaini dokumentaalfilm "Silmalau üheksa liikumist". Filmis tegi oma viimase esinemise ka kuulus koreograaf Pina Bausch

  11. Inglise keel pole ainus võõrkeel / Mari Tarvas, Merle Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tarvas, Mari, 1969-

    2009-01-01

    Kogu maailmas on viimastel aastakümnetel võtnud võimust tendents õpetada inglise keelt esimese võõrkeelena. Paljud riigid on astunud samme keelelise mitmekesisuse taastamiseks, teiste hulgas ka Eesti

  12. Kontserdimajas kõlab ainus juutide reekviem / Ülle Jantson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jantson, Ülle

    2009-01-01

    30. oktoobril Pärnu kontserdimajas toimuvast kontserdist, esitusel Eric Zeisli heebreakeelne "Requiem Ebraico" ja Arvo Pärdi teos "Tribute to Caesar", esitajateks Pärnu linnaorkester, kammerkoor Voces Musicales ja solistid

  13. Ostukoha valikul pole hind ainus ja tähtsaim argument / Sirje Niitra ; kommenteerinud Tiina Hiob

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niitra, Sirje, 1948-

    2015-01-01

    Uue kaubakeskuse avamisega sai Viimsi asula keskne ristmik endale kokku viis suurt ostukohta. Artiklis selgub, mille järgi selle kandi inimesed ostukoha valiku teevad. Valiku tegemisel mängivad suurt rolli ka psühholoogilised tegurid, vahel eelistatakse just kõrgemaid hindu, sest olulised on maine ja staatus

  14. Harvard Business Schoolis töötav ainus eestlane Toomas Laarits / intervjueerinud Luise Savik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laarits, Toomas

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu Harvard College'i bakalaureuseõppe lõpetanud ja Harvard Business Schoolis kahe õppejõu assistendina töötava eestlase Toomas Laaritsaga Harvard Business Schooli magistriõppest ja elust tudengina Harvardis

  15. Režissöör Jaini film on omasuguste seas ainus / Berit Toodo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toodo, Berit

    2008-01-01

    Pärnu 22. dokumentaal- ja antropoloogiafilmide festivalil esilinastus india režissööri Rajele Jaini dokumentaalfilm "Silmalau üheksa liikumist". Filmis tegi oma viimase esinemise ka kuulus koreograaf Pina Bausch

  16. Harvard Business Schoolis töötav ainus eestlane Toomas Laarits / intervjueerinud Luise Savik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laarits, Toomas

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuu Harvard College'i bakalaureuseõppe lõpetanud ja Harvard Business Schoolis kahe õppejõu assistendina töötava eestlase Toomas Laaritsaga Harvard Business Schooli magistriõppest ja elust tudengina Harvardis

  17. 90-aastane Tallinna Polütehnikum - ainus omataoline / Sirje Tohver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tohver, Sirje

    2005-01-01

    Polütehnikumi vilistlastest õpetajate (Heiki Tähis, Andres Ojalill, Jüri Jakubovitš, Hugo Tartlan, Hergi Kruusimaa, Tiina Karja, Priit Kalman, Ardi Priks, Jaan Kuus, Jüri Puhang, Vello Vanem, Rein Kask, Kalle Sammal, Ain Saaret) meenutusi

  18. Teadaolevalt ainus mälestusmärk Otto Tiefile asub Rapla vallas / Tõnis Tõnisson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnisson, Tõnis, 1945-

    2008-01-01

    Riigimehe Otto Tiefi mälestusmärk asub Raplamaal Uuskülas Sildema talu õuel. Kunstnik Otto Herodese kujundatud mälestustahvel on paigaldatud vanale korstnajalale. Otto Tiefi elust. Foto mälestusmärgist

  19. Capita Selecta Early Music Amsterdam : Kas eestlastele ainus koht varajase muusika õpinguteks? / Taavi-Mats Utt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Utt, Taavi-Mats

    2000-01-01

    SICi (Stichting Internationale Concerten en Werkgroepen) korraldatavast varajase muusika koolitusest, seminaride sarjast "Capita Selecta Early Music Amsterdam", SICi plaanist laiendada tegevust Kiievi ja Peterburi konservatooriumidesse

  20. Cytotoxic compounds from the leaves of Gaillardia aristata Pursh. growing in Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salama, Maha M; Kandil, Zeinab A; Islam, Wafaa T

    2012-01-01

    Ten compounds, neopulchellin (1), 6α- hydroxyneopulchellin (2), β-sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucoside (3), apigenin (4), quercitin (5), eupafolin (6), kaempferol-3-methoxy-7-O-α-L-rhamnoside (7), apigenin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (8), α-amyrin (9) and β-sitosterol (10), were isolated from the leaves of Gaillardia aristata by applying bioassay guided fractionation. The cytotoxicity was traced against two human cancer cell lines (breast (MCF7) and colon (HCT116)). The highest cytotoxicity was revealed by compounds 1 and 2 (isolated from chloroform extract); with IC(50) values of 0.43, 0.32 µg mL(-1) against MCF7 and 0.46, 0.34 µg mL(-1) against HCT116, respectively. Compounds 9 and 10 (isolated from the n-hexane extract) exhibited lower IC(50) values of 3.05, 2.35 µg mL(-1) against MCF7 and 3.05, 2.35 µg mL(-1) against HCT116, respectively, while compounds 4-7 obtained from the ethyl acetate extract revealed the lowest cytotoxicity. Identification of the aforementioned compounds was carried out on the basis of their physico-chemical properties and spectral analysis (UV, EI/MS, 1D and 2D).

  1. Longevity of cut inflorescence shoots of high kamasija (Camassia quamash (Pursh Greene depending on postharvest treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Paulina Ulczycka

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The research was carried out to determine the effect of conditioning of cut flowering shoots of the Camassia quamash in 8-hydroxyquinoline sulphate on postharvest longevity. The inflorescence shoots were conditioned for 24 h in water solutions of 8-hydroxyquinoline sulphate at concentration of 200 mg·dm-3 and then kept in water or gibberellic acid solutions at concentration of 50 or 100 mg·dm-3. The inflorescent shoots not conditioned and kept in water showed the longest postharvest longevity. 8-hydroxyquinoline sulphate and gibberellic acid solutions shortened their longevity. The shortest fresh weight loss of Camassia quamash then was kept in gibberellic acid solutions at concentration of 100 mg·dm-3. The smallest change of the inflorescence shoots length of Camassia quamash was observed after application of gibberellic acid solutions at concentration of 50 mg·dm-3.

  2. Influences of various factors on hairy root induction in Agastache foeniculum (Pursh Kuntze

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elnaz NOUROZI

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Agrobacterium rhizogenes is known as a natural tool of genetic engineering in many plant species. For the first time, hairy root induction in Agastache foeniculum using A. rhizogenes, rosmarinic acid content and the effect of different culture media and inoculation methods on hairy root growth rate were investigated. Hairy root culture of A. foeniculum was established by inoculation of the 1-month-old leaf explant with A4 strain of A. rhizogenes and the effectiveness of light – dark conditions and two inoculation methods (immersion and injection were tested. Furthermore, in immersion method, the effects of inoculation time (3, 5 and 7 min on root induction were investigated. In the second part of the study, the hairy root culture of A. foeniculum was studied using different basal culture media (MS, 1/2 MS and B5. Rosmarinic acid content in hairy roots and non- transformed roots was analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC. There was no significant difference between various inoculation methods in the ability of hairy roots induction. Observations showed that percentage of hairy root induction was higher when the explants were immersed for 5 min in bacterial suspension. Light conditions displayed the highest hairy root induction rates compared with dark condition. Various culture media are different in terms of types and amounts of nutrients and have influence on growth rate. The maximum growth rate (1.61 g fr wt/50 ml of hairy roots were obtained in 1/2 MS medium. Rosmarinic acid content in transformed roots (213.42 µg/g dry wt was significantly higher than non-transformed roots (52.28 µg/ g dry wt.

  3. Nokia pole ainus langev täht. RIM on hädas / Fredy-Edwin Esse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Esse, Fredy-Edwin

    2011-01-01

    Kanada tehnoloogiafirma Research In Motion kaotab ühe enam Põhja-Ameerikas turgu konkurentidele nagu Apple ja teised firmad, kes kasutavad Google'i Android operatsioonisüsteemi. Ka BlackBerry Playbook ei ole suutnud iPadiga konkureerida. Graafik

  4. Rainer Saks : ärgem lohutagem end lootusega, et Herman Simm oli ainus / Rainer Saks ; interv. Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saks, Rainer

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu Eesti eriteenistuste endise esikoordinaatori ning praeguse Vabariigi Presidendi kantselei direktoriga, kes vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Herman Simmi. Ta möönab, et ei ole põhjust arvata, nagu võiks riigireetmises kahtlustatav Herman Simm olla ainuke, kes riiki petta oskas. Vt. Kes on Rainer Saks?; Kes on Mitrohhin?

  5. Rainer Saks : ärgem lohutagem end lootusega, et Herman Simm oli ainus / Rainer Saks ; interv. Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saks, Rainer

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu Eesti eriteenistuste endise esikoordinaatori ning praeguse Vabariigi Presidendi kantselei direktoriga, kes vastab küsimustele riigireetmises kahtlustatava Herman Simmi kohta. Vt. samas: Kes on Rainer Saks? Lühiülevaade elukäigust ja karjäärist

  6. Nokia pole ainus langev täht. RIM on hädas / Fredy-Edwin Esse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Esse, Fredy-Edwin

    2011-01-01

    Kanada tehnoloogiafirma Research In Motion kaotab ühe enam Põhja-Ameerikas turgu konkurentidele nagu Apple ja teised firmad, kes kasutavad Google'i Android operatsioonisüsteemi. Ka BlackBerry Playbook ei ole suutnud iPadiga konkureerida. Graafik

  7. Effects of Substrate Salinity on Early Seedling survival and Growth of Scirpus robustus Pursh and Spartina alterniflora Loisel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rooted aquatic plants are being used increasingly as test species in estuarine sediment toxicity evaluations. Effects of naturally occurring substrate constituents on most potential test species however, are not well understood even though their effects could impact the data int...

  8. The effect of body condition on disposition of alkaloids from silvery lupine (Lupinus argenteus pursh) in sheep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Ortiz, S; Panter, K E; Pfister, J A; Launchbaugh, K L

    2004-09-01

    Several species of lupine (Lupinus spp.) are poisonous to livestock, producing death in sheep and "crooked calf disease" in cattle. Range livestock cope with poisonous plants through learned foraging strategies or mechanisms affecting toxicant disposition. When a toxic plant is eaten, toxicant clearance may be influenced by the animal's nutritional and/or physiological status. This research was conducted to determine whether differences in body condition or short-term nutritional supplementation of sheep altered the disposition of lupine alkaloids given as a single oral dose of ground silvery lupine (Lupinus argenteus) seed. Ewes in average body condition (ABC, n = 9) and low body condition (LBC, n = 10) received a single dose of ground lupine seeds including pods (8.5 g/kg BW) via gavage on the first day of the experiment, and were then randomly assigned to one of two nutritional supplement treatments. Blood samples were taken 0 to 60 h after dosing to compare blood alkaloid concentration and to evaluate alkaloid absorption and elimination profiles. Concentrations of total alkaloid and anagyrine, 5,6 dehydrolupanine, lupanine, and alkaloid E were measured in serum. These four alkaloids constituted 78 and 75% of the total alkaloid concentration in serum for LBC vs. ABC groups, respectively. Initial analysis indicated that short-term supplementation had no effect on alkaloid disposition, and supplementation was removed from the statistical model. The highest concentration of total alkaloids was observed 2 h after dosing. Overall, serum total alkaloid and anagyrine levels (area under the curve) were higher (P lupine alkaloids; however, further research is needed to determine the potential benefit, if any, that short-term nutritional supplementation might have on alkaloid disposition.

  9. Boron toxicity characteristics of four northern California endemic tree species

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glaubig, B.A.; Bingham, F.T.

    A greenhouse study was undertaken to determine the characteristics of soil B toxicity for four tree species endemic to The Geysers area in northern California: digger pine (Pinus sabiniana Dougl. ex D. Don), California laurel (or, California bay) (Umbellularia californica (Hoo. and Arn. Nutt.)), madrone (Arbutus menziesii Pursh), and bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum Pursh). Significant exponential relationships were found between soil B concentration and relative growth, and between tissue B concentration and relative growth for the four species. Significant linear relationships were found between both soil and tissue B concentration and foliar damage for the four species. Foliar damages over 25% of the leaf or needle area on digger pine, California laurel, madrone, and bigleaf maple, respectively, occurred at saturated soil extract concentrations (mmol B/L) of 1.2, 0.4, 0.5, and 0.08. Twenty-five percent foliar damage was associated with leaf or needle tissue concentrations (mmol B/kg) of 115, 100, 50, and 30 for the digger pine, California laurel, madrone, and bigleaf maple, respectively. Growth decrements of 25% occurred at saturated soil extract concentrations (mmol B/L) of 1.6, 0.3, 0.2, 0.5 for the digger pine, California laurel, madrone, and bigleaf maple, respectively. Twenty-five percent growth decrements were associated with leaf or needle tissue concentrations (mmol B/kg) of 140, 100, 20, and 7 for the digger pine, California laurel, madrone, and bigleaf maple, respectively. By comparison with two agronomic crops - cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.) - the four tree species were placed into one of six B tolerance classes.

  10. Tree species and soil nutrient profiles in old-growth forests of the Oregon Coast Range

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, Alison; Perakis, Steven S.

    2011-01-01

    Old-growth forests of the Pacific Northwest provide a unique opportunity to examine tree species – soil relationships in ecosystems that have developed without significant human disturbance. We characterized foliage, forest floor, and mineral soil nutrients associated with four canopy tree species (Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirbel) Franco), western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg.), western redcedar (Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don), and bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum Pursh)) in eight old-growth forests of the Oregon Coast Range. The greatest forest floor accumulations of C, N, P, Ca, Mg, and K occurred under Douglas-fir, primarily due to greater forest floor mass. In mineral soil, western hemlock exhibited significantly lower Ca concentration and sum of cations (Ca + Mg + K) than bigleaf maple, with intermediate values for Douglas-fir and western redcedar. Bigleaf maple explained most species-based differences in foliar nutrients, displaying high concentrations of N, P, Ca, Mg, and K. Foliar P and N:P variations largely reflected soil P variation across sites. The four tree species that we examined exhibited a number of individualistic effects on soil nutrient levels that contribute to biogeochemical heterogeneity in these ecosystems. Where fire suppression and long-term succession favor dominance by highly shade-tolerant western hemlock, our results suggest a potential for declines in both soil Ca availability and soil biogeochemical heterogeneity in old-growth forests.

  11. Possible similarities between the folk medicine historically used by First Nations and American Indians in North America and the ethnoveterinary knowledge currently used in British Columbia, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lans, Cheryl

    2016-11-04

    This paper compares sixty-four plants used as ethnoveterinary remedies in British Columbia with First Nations folk medicine. In 2003, I conducted semi-structured interviews with 60 participants obtained using a purposive sample. The data was then compared with historical documents on First Nations plant use. Exact parallels between First Nations/native American folk medicine and ethnoveterinary remedies used for farm animals and horses were Acer macrophyllum Pursh, Epilobium angustifolium L. and Lonicera involucrata (Richardson) Banks ex Spreng., used as stimulants and tonics for goats; Achlys tripylla DC. as a fly repellent in barns, Alnus rubra Bong., for rabbits' dental care, Berberis repens Lindl., Rumex crispus L., to treat sores and rashes on horses, Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex C. Lawson for stomach problems and Bovista pila Berk. and M. A. Curtis and Dolichousnea longissima (Ach.) Articus used on wounds. This study revealed the parallel uses between sixty-four plants used as ethnoveterinary medicines in British Columbia and the folk medicines used by the First Nations peoples and by native American groups. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Idealism on ainus tarkus, mis maailma veel jäänud on / Linda-Mari Väli ; intervjueerinud Johanna Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väli, Linda-Mari, 1988-

    2010-01-01

    Linda-Mari Väli alustas luuletustega, nüüdseks on ilmunud proosat ja romaan "Eikeegi, eikunagi, eiskusagil". Tema tekstides väljendub mure inimeste ja loomade tuleviku pärast, et kaasaegses kirjanduses on vähe idealismi

  13. Idealism on ainus tarkus, mis maailma veel jäänud on / Linda-Mari Väli ; intervjueerinud Johanna Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väli, Linda-Mari, 1988-

    2010-01-01

    Linda-Mari Väli alustas luuletustega, nüüdseks on ilmunud proosat ja romaan "Eikeegi, eikunagi, eiskusagil". Tema tekstides väljendub mure inimeste ja loomade tuleviku pärast, et kaasaegses kirjanduses on vähe idealismi

  14. Putin toetab mantlipärijana hallivõitu Gazpromi-meest / Heiki Suurkask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Suurkask, Heiki, 1972-

    2007-01-01

    Dmitri Medvedevist võib saada Venemaa nelja erakonna presidendikandidaat. Kommunistide presidendikandidaat on ilmselt Gennadi Zjuganov ja liberaaldemokraatidel Vladimir Zhirinovski. Lisa: Haritlase pere ainus poeg

  15. Retk Eedeni aeda / Anu Samarüütel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Samarüütel, Anu, 1966-

    2001-01-01

    Maailma suurimad kasvuhooned hiiglaslikus hüljatud portselanikaevanduses asuvad Eedenis, Suurbritannias. Eden Project pole Tim Smiti ainus botaaniline ettevõtmine, tema on ka Heligani aedade taasavastaja

  16. Combined middle meatus and expand prelacrimal recess-maxillary ainus approach for endoscopic maxillary sinus surgery%鼻内镜下中鼻道联合下鼻道扩大泪前隐窝入路切除上颌窦良性病变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈莹华; 张红春; 葛平江; 韦廷佳; 罗小钢; 黄佩娟

    2012-01-01

    To study surgical techniques and clinical applications of the intranasal endoscopic combined approach in maxillary sinus benign lesions surgery. Method: A retrospective clinical analysis of 27 patients 'whose unilateral maxillary sinus benign lesions operated by the intranasal endoscopic middle meatus with inferior meatus tears recess approach surgical treatment was studied. Resalt: Benign lesions were confirmed by pathology in all patients before and after surgery as to rule out malignancy.- All patients had been followed up for 12 to 24 months. Twenty-seven cases resulted in normal luminal epithelium and inferior turbinate shape after surgery. Only one case of papilloma relapsed 2 months after operation. So far, the papilloma has not recurred after the second surgery. There were no epiphora in all cases. Conclusion: Endonasal endoscopic expand anterior tears recess approach have great and clear view. This approach made us accurately, mini-invade and completely remove the maxillary sinus benign lesions. It is a physiological and functional surgery and has great advantage in the nasal cavity disease treatment.%目的:探讨鼻内镜下联合入路上颌窦良性病变的手术方法和临床价值.方法:回顾性分析经鼻内镜下中鼻道联合下鼻道泪前隐窝入路手术治疗27例单侧上颌窦良性病变患者临床资料,观察临床效果.结果:所有患者术中或术后均经病理证实为良性病变,排除恶性肿瘤.随访12~24个月,所有患者术腔上皮化,下鼻甲形态良好,均无溢泪发生.仅1例乳头状瘸术后2个月复发,局部处理后随访至今未见复发.结论:经鼻内镜下鼻道扩大泪前隐窝入路治疗上颌窦良性病变创伤小,手术视野广阔清晰,能够准确完整地清除病变,术腔符合鼻腔的生理结构和功能需要,具有很高的临床实用价值.

  17. Edasiminek tagasi astudes / Villu Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiljan, Villu, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Za Narod nov. lk. 2. Keskkonnaminister Villu Reiljan on ministriametis vastu pidanud kolm umbusaldamise katset, kuid praeguse olukorra tõttu Maa-ametis on ainus võimalik lahendus tagasiastumine ning minister naaseb Riigikokku

  18. Raamaturappija / Karl Martin Sinijärv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinijärv, Karl Martin, 1971-

    1996-01-01

    Leonhard Lapin ja Ott Arder. Pisike ruut ja sihvakas sirge; Lauluraamat : 555 laulu mitmele maitsele; Harald Peep. Kolm laipa, kõik surnud; Urmas Vadi. Kui klosetist kerkib kloaak; Patricia D. Cornwell. Ainus, mis jääb

  19. Et ta oleks pomme pannud - mina ei usu / Kirsti Vainküla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vainküla, Kirsti, 1972-

    2005-01-01

    Kaitsepolitsei poolt vahistatud Pae tänava piirkonna pommirünnakute korraldamises kahtlustatavast Märt Ringmaast ja tema kinnivõtmisest kõneleb mehe endine abikaasa Karin Ringmaa. Vt. samas: Ainus kahtlusalune

  20. Edasiminek tagasi astudes / Villu Reiljan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reiljan, Villu, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Za Narod nov. lk. 2. Keskkonnaminister Villu Reiljan on ministriametis vastu pidanud kolm umbusaldamise katset, kuid praeguse olukorra tõttu Maa-ametis on ainus võimalik lahendus tagasiastumine ning minister naaseb Riigikokku

  1. Hodorkovski rahalaeka hoidja saladuslik surm / Tõnis Erialid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erilaid, Tõnis, 1943-

    2009-01-01

    Advokaat Stephen Curtisest, kes tegeles Mihhail Hodorkovski globaalse rahavõrgustikuga. 2004. aastal kopteriõnnetuses hukkunud Curtis oli ainus inimene, kel oli täpne ülevaade Vene välismaale pagenud oligarhide varast

  2. Raamaturappija / Karl Martin Sinijärv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sinijärv, Karl Martin, 1971-

    1996-01-01

    Leonhard Lapin ja Ott Arder. Pisike ruut ja sihvakas sirge; Lauluraamat : 555 laulu mitmele maitsele; Harald Peep. Kolm laipa, kõik surnud; Urmas Vadi. Kui klosetist kerkib kloaak; Patricia D. Cornwell. Ainus, mis jääb

  3. Jedinstvennõi Lenin Estonii hranitsja v Narve / Sergei Stepanov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stepanov, Sergei

    2003-01-01

    Narvas Peetri väljakul asunud Lenini kuju (skulptor Olav Männi, 1957) saatusest. Demonteeriti 1993. a. ja viidi Narva muuseumi territooriumile, kus ta on ainus Eestis avalikus paigas asuv Lenini kuju

  4. Ignar Fjuk contra Fidel Castro : speech of Ignar Fjuk, member of the Riigikogu on the 105th IPU Conference on April 2, 2001 in Havana, Cuba / Ignar Fjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fjuk, Ignar, 1953-

    2001-01-01

    Varem või hiljem jõutakse äratundmiseni, et inimkonna ellujäämise ainus väljavaade seisneb vabaduse ja demokraatia piiranguteta ja jagamatus võidulepääsus. Autor: Reformierakond. Parlamendisaadik

  5. Maailma õhu reostamise arutelu jäi sõnadevahuks / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    Ainus, milles ÜRO kongress suutis kahe nädala jooksul Kenya pealinnas kokku leppida oli see, et 2008. aastal tuleb kasvuhoonegaaside õhkupaiskamist reguleeriv Kyoto lepe luubi alla võtta. Lisa: Kyoto kliimalepe

  6. Lithuanian chemical industry remains profitable / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2009-01-01

    Leedu keemiatööstus, mis on ikka veel kasumlik, moodustab 16,5% riigi SKP-st. Poola Orlen ostis peaaegu 90% Mazeikiu Nafta aktsiatest. Ainus Baltimaade naftatöötlemistehas asub Leedus. Farmaatsiaettevõtetest

  7. Üks haruldane regivärsiline ballaad Lüganuselt / Ruth Mirov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mirov, Ruth

    2003-01-01

    Ballaadist "Naise hukkaja", mis on selle laulutüübi ainus talletus Lüganuselt ja kogu Eestist, selle võimalikust sugulusest ingeri ballaadide ja vene bõliinadega. Sisaldab rahvaluuletekste "Naise hukkaja" ja "Pruudi hukkaja"

  8. Ignar Fjuk contra Fidel Castro : speech of Ignar Fjuk, member of the Riigikogu on the 105th IPU Conference on April 2, 2001 in Havana, Cuba / Ignar Fjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fjuk, Ignar, 1953-

    2001-01-01

    Varem või hiljem jõutakse äratundmiseni, et inimkonna ellujäämise ainus väljavaade seisneb vabaduse ja demokraatia piiranguteta ja jagamatus võidulepääsus. Autor: Reformierakond. Parlamendisaadik

  9. Uued majad Kadrioru slobodas / Leele Välja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Välja, Leele, 1968-

    2016-01-01

    Kadrioru slobodaana tuntud Poska tänava lõik on peaaegu ainus koht Tallinnas, kus on 19. sajandi alguse agulimiljööd alles rohkem kui paari maja ulatuses. Vanade elamute restaureerimisest ja uute lisamisest ajaloolisse keskkonda

  10. SEB teams up with RSA

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Globaalne kindlustusgrupp RSA ja SEB Pank teatasid 19. aprillil, et alustavad koostööd varakindlustustoodete pakkumisel SEB klientidele Eestis, mis tähendab seda, et RSAst saab ainus varakindlustuse pakkuja pangas

  11. Maailma õhu reostamise arutelu jäi sõnadevahuks / Arko Olesk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olesk, Arko, 1981-

    2006-01-01

    Ainus, milles ÜRO kongress suutis kahe nädala jooksul Kenya pealinnas kokku leppida oli see, et 2008. aastal tuleb kasvuhoonegaaside õhkupaiskamist reguleeriv Kyoto lepe luubi alla võtta. Lisa: Kyoto kliimalepe

  12. SEB teams up with RSA

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Globaalne kindlustusgrupp RSA ja SEB Pank teatasid 19. aprillil, et alustavad koostööd varakindlustustoodete pakkumisel SEB klientidele Eestis, mis tähendab seda, et RSAst saab ainus varakindlustuse pakkuja pangas

  13. Tootmisriskide hindamine simulatsiooni abil / Jürgen Kaljuvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaljuvee, Jürgen

    2002-01-01

    Lehman Brothersi spetsialist Jürgen Kaljuvee selgitab, miks simulatsioon koos stsenaariumianalüüsiga on ainus teaduslik viis tuleviku ja äririski modelleerimiseks. Skeem: ettevõtte riskikategooriad ja simulatsioonimeetodid

  14. Lithuanian chemical industry remains profitable / Rokas M. Tracevskis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tracevskis, Rokas M.

    2009-01-01

    Leedu keemiatööstus, mis on ikka veel kasumlik, moodustab 16,5% riigi SKP-st. Poola Orlen ostis peaaegu 90% Mazeikiu Nafta aktsiatest. Ainus Baltimaade naftatöötlemistehas asub Leedus. Farmaatsiaettevõtetest

  15. Kas "Hirmu faktor" paneb võistleja surmaohtu? / Selene Rebane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rebane, Selene

    2004-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline teleprojekt, mille võtted toimuvad Lõuna-Aafrikas. Eesti ainus kaskadöör Enar Tarmo hindab USAs tehtud seriaali pealtnäha kõige eluohtlikumaid trikke turvalisuse seisukohalt. Lisaks tutvustus "Tõsieluseriaal "Hirmu faktor""

  16. Haapsalu gümnaasiumi filmistuudio avas uksed / Kaie Mäemurd

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mäemurd, Kaie

    2006-01-01

    Eesti ainus koolifilmistuudio avas 6. okt. uksed. Stuudio asub kooli õpilaskodu majas. Stuudios õpitakse foto- ja filmitegemist, tehakse kohalikke uudiseid televisioonile jpm Õpetavad Sven Tehu, Margus Nee ja Madis Leppik

  17. Tootmisriskide hindamine simulatsiooni abil / Jürgen Kaljuvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaljuvee, Jürgen

    2002-01-01

    Lehman Brothersi spetsialist Jürgen Kaljuvee selgitab, miks simulatsioon koos stsenaariumianalüüsiga on ainus teaduslik viis tuleviku ja äririski modelleerimiseks. Skeem: ettevõtte riskikategooriad ja simulatsioonimeetodid

  18. Stream Monitoring for Detection of Phytophthora ramorum in Oregon Tanoak Forests

    Science.gov (United States)

    W. Sutton; E. M. Hansen; P. W. Reeser; A. Kanaskie

    2009-01-01

    Stream monitoring using leaf baits for early detection of Phytophthora ramorum has been an important part of the Oregon Sudden Oak Death (SOD) program since 2002. Sixty-four streams in and near the Oregon quarantine area in the southwest corner of the state were monitored in 2008. Leaves of rhododendron (Rhododendron macrophyllum...

  19. Kirsipuu (Prunus avium) : [luuletused] / R. W. Stedingh ; tlk. ja saatesõna: Jüri Talvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stedingh, R. W.

    2003-01-01

    Sisu: Kirsipuu (Prunus avium) ; Rubus spectabilis ; Rododendron (Rhododendron macrophyllum) ; Lysuchitum americanum ; Tulp (Tulipa gesneriana) ; Kanada hani (Branta canadensis) ; Metsorava pärastlõuna (Sciurus carolinensis) ; Ohakalind (Spinus tristis) ; Shakespeare'i mälestusmärk (kogust "Stanley pargi süit")

  20. Santa Ana River Design Memorandum Number 1. Phase 2 GDM on the Santa Ana River Mainstem, Including Santiago Creek. Volume 3. Lower Santa Ana River. (Prado Dam to Pacific Ocean)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-08-01

    Water Company Gas Four Corners Pipe Company Telephone Pacific Telephone Company Television Cable Vision of Orange Water City of Santa Ana Electricity City...Elderberry Sambucus mexicana XII-2 Table XII-i. (Continued) Common Names Scientific Names TREES (Continued): Big Leaf Maple Acer Macrophyllum California

  1. Kirsipuu (Prunus avium) : [luuletused] / R. W. Stedingh ; tlk. ja saatesõna: Jüri Talvet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stedingh, R. W.

    2003-01-01

    Sisu: Kirsipuu (Prunus avium) ; Rubus spectabilis ; Rododendron (Rhododendron macrophyllum) ; Lysuchitum americanum ; Tulp (Tulipa gesneriana) ; Kanada hani (Branta canadensis) ; Metsorava pärastlõuna (Sciurus carolinensis) ; Ohakalind (Spinus tristis) ; Shakespeare'i mälestusmärk (kogust "Stanley pargi süit")

  2. Leitud uus van Gogh / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Amsterdami Van Goghi muuseumi ja Chicago kunstiinstituudi uurijad on kindlaks teinud, et 1973. aastast Van Goghi muuseumi kogusse kuulunud ja seni anonüümsele autorile atribueeritud "Punase mütsiga mehe portree" on ainus Vincent van Goghi portree kunstnik Paul Gauguinist

  3. Muusikamaailm : Hooaja algus Kuninglikus Ooperis. Gian Carlo Menotti Helsingis. Messiaeni ooper heliplaadil. Salzburgi festivali ette Ruzicka / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Londoni Royal Opera House avati 1. dets. galaõhtuga pärast 2 aastat kestnud ümberehitusi. Seoses oma ooperi "Konsul" uuslavastusega Soome Rahvusooperis viibis Helsingis C. G. Menotti. O. Messiaeni ainus ooper "Püha Franciscus Assisist" jõudis heliplaadile. Salzburgi festivali kunstiliseks juhiks aastast 2001 valiti P. Ruzicka

  4. Leitud uus van Gogh / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    Amsterdami Van Goghi muuseumi ja Chicago kunstiinstituudi uurijad on kindlaks teinud, et 1973. aastast Van Goghi muuseumi kogusse kuulunud ja seni anonüümsele autorile atribueeritud "Punase mütsiga mehe portree" on ainus Vincent van Goghi portree kunstnik Paul Gauguinist

  5. Krajeugolnõi kamen budjet zalozhen v maje / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2005-01-01

    Tallinna Vene Draamateatri hoone remondist. Remonditöid teeb Facio Ehituse AS. Lammutatakse hoone tagumine osa ja ehitatakse uus kuuekorruseline hooneosa, kuhu tulevad lava, Blak box, garderoob ja baar. Uue lava projekti teeb selle ala ainus spetsialist Eestis Maldar Mikk-Kuusk

  6. President Lennart Meri emadepäevakõne / Lennart Meri

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meri, Lennart, 1929-2006

    1994-01-01

    Emadepäev. Ilmunud ka: ajalehes Postimees, 9. mai, lk. 4, pealkiri: Eesti on meie ainus ema ; Rahva Hääl, 9. mai, lk. 2, pealk.: Emadepäev koondab meie tänu ja igatsuse emale ; Vaba Eestlane (Toronto), 12. mai, lk. 1, 10

  7. Pop : Laine Jänes on mööduv, biit jääb / Aleksander Vana ; interv. Sten Valgus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vana, Aleksander

    2008-01-01

    Küsimustele vastavad ansambli Kosmikud liikmed. Heliplaadist "Ainus, mis jääb, on BEAT" (esitluskontserdid: 13. nov. Pärnu Endla teatrikohvokus, 14. nov. Tallinnas Rock Cafés, 15. nov. Tartu klubis Rock'n'Roll, 5. dets. Viljandi kinos Rubiin ja 6. dets. Järvakandi Club Cinemas)

  8. Kogemused / Katrina Iljinska

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Iljinska, Katrina

    2013-01-01

    Äritarkvaraplatvormi EazyBI programmeerija ja ainus töötaja Raimonds Simanovskis hakkas kasumit teenima kohe. Ta usub, et teenuse eest tuleb raha küsida võimalikult kiiresti, et näha, kas sellel üldse potentsiaali on

  9. Pärnus avati monument süütusele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Andrus Joonase Pootsi paepäevade raames valminud monument süütusele avati Academia Non Grata teise aastapäeva puhul Lepa kaubamaja ja karja tänava vahelisel alal; autori arvates on hingeline süütus kunstnikule väga tähtis ja Academia Non Grata ainus õppeasutus, kus õpilased seda hoida saavad.

  10. Estonian rail transport policy : cohesion with the European Union transport policy / Ott Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Ott, 1966-

    2006-01-01

    Käesoleval ajal asub Euroopa liidu liikmesriikide ainus erastatud avalik raudteeinfrastruktuur Eestis. Artikkel püüab selgitada, kas ja kuidas haakuvad Euroopa Liidu ja Eesti transpordipoliitikad raudteeveonduse osas ning kas erastatud avaliku raudtee puhul on võimalik nendes sisalduvate eesmärkide elluviimine. Järeldused. Tabelid, diagrammid

  11. DSC emafirma paneb Eesti erandile punkti / Kadri Bank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2010-01-01

    DSV Transpordi omanikfirma tegevjuht Jens Bjørn Andersen kommenteerib olukorda, kus osa firma töötajaid omab transpordiettevõtet, mille ainus või vähemalt üks suuremaid lepingupartnereid on nende endi tööandja ehk DSV Transport

  12. 2005 - aasta, mil loodus suunas globaalset päevakorda / Dag Hartelius ; tõlk. Kadri Liik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hartelius, Dag

    2005-01-01

    Aasta 2005 on toonud julgeolekuaruteludes esiplaanile loodusõnnetused, kliimamuutuse ja energiaküsimused. Tuumatemaatika on taas päevakorral, samal ajal kui võitlus terrorismiga on juba osa meie argikäitumisest ja -mõtlemisest. Euroopa ainus tulevikutee on avatus

  13. Aserbaidžaani juhi enesekindlus köidab Euroopat / Ahto Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    EL-ile on avaldanud muljet viis, kuidas Aserbaidžaani president Ilham Alijev on suutnud oma riigi energiaressursid mobiliseerida laiemate plaanide ja suhete teenistusse. Aserbaidžaan on ainus riik Taga-Kaukaasias, mis on loobunud EL-i abirahast, majanduskasv võib sel aastal ulatuda 25%-ni. Lisa: Nabucco. Gaasijuhtme kehv seis

  14. Edmund Valtmann - mees, kes joonistas Ameerika presidente / Heiki Raudla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudla, Heiki, 1949-

    2004-01-01

    2004.a. Eesti Ekspressis ilmus nimekiri sajast eestlasest, kes on kõige rohkem muutnud maailma. Nende seas ainus Pulitzeri preemia (1962) saanud eestlane karikaturist Edmund Valtman, kes tähistas tänavu 31. mail USA-s Duncasteris oma 90. sünnipäeva

  15. Kosmosejaam saab lõpuks valmis. Ainult kui kauaks? / Kaivo Kopli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kopli, Kaivo

    2010-01-01

    2011. aastal valmiv maailma ainus mehitatud kosmosejaam ISS töötab praeguse plaani kohaselt 2015. aastani. Euroopa kosmoseagentuuri (ESA) juht Jean-Jacques Dordain peab jaama kasutamise lõpetamist veaks, ESA kogub ettepanekuid, kuidas jaamast rohkem kasu saada. Ettepanekutest jaamaga seotud kulude kokkuhoiuks

  16. Veel üks väike sammuke inimese kloonimise poole / Tiit Kändler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kändler, Tiit, 1948-

    2001-01-01

    USA erafirma Advanced Cell Technology teadlastel õnnestus esmakordselt maailmas inimrakkude kloonimine. Embrüo kloonijad rõhutavad, et nende ainus eesmärk on kasutada oma töö tulemusi raskete ja seni ravimatute haiguste võimalikuks raviks

  17. Петербургское зеркало эстонского театра / Этэри Кекелидзе, Борис Тух

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Кекелидзе, Этэри, 1944-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti teatrite osalusest Peterburi teatrifestivalidel "Baltiiski dom". Pikemalt peatutakse Tallinna Linnateatri menukatel lavastustel "Pianoola ehk Mehaaniline klaver" (lav. E. Nüganen), "Ainus ja igavene elu" (lav. J. Rohumaa), "Kolmekrossiooper" (lav. A. Shapiro), "Kuritöö ja karistus" (lav. E. Nüganen), "Hamlet" (lav. E. Nüganen) ja "Isad ja pojad" (lav. A. Shapiro)

  18. Kunstnikuks pühitsemine Hype Gallery's / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Londonis Old Truman Brewery galeriihoones Hewlett Packardi toetusel kunstiprojekt kuni 28. veebrarini 2004, mille raames loomingulised inimesed saavad end määratleda kunstnikuna. Ainus limiteeriv kriteerium on tähtede HP olemasolu pealkirjas. Kübergaleriisse saadetud töö prinditakse ja riputatakse vana õlletehase seintele

  19. Vesi, lootus, armastus Pärnus aktinäitusel / Ülle Hallik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallik, Ülle, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline aktinäitus "Mees ja naine" Pärnu Uue Kunsti Muuseumis. Eksponeeritakse ka Amandus Adamsoni tööd "Laine ainus suudlus". Lähemalt Iisraeli kunstniku Boaz Tal'i fotodest ja ameeriklase Mark Sadan'i veealustest fotodest

  20. 1680 : Päikesekuningas asutas riikliku teatri, mis praegu on maailmas vanim / Tõnis Erilaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erilaid, Tõnis, 1943-

    2006-01-01

    21. oktoobril 1680 kirjutas Louis XIV Versailles's alla korraldusele, millega ühendati Moliere'i näitetrupp teise Pariisi näitetrupiga. Sündis La Comedie-Francaise, mis on tänapäevalgi ainus riiklik teater Prantsusmaal

  1. Mällu tätoveeritud asjad / Martin Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Martin, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Sulev Keeduse filmidest - Esimeses osas mängufilmist "Ainus pühapäev" ning dokumentaalidest "Vaarao lapsed" ja "In paradisum". Teises osas keeleõpetuslikust seriaalist "a ja o", dokumnetaalfilmidest "Perekond", "Tormise regi", "Jonathan Austraaliast" ning mängufilmidest "Georgica" ja "Somnambuul"

  2. Merel loeb suurus / Henning Sietz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sietz, Henning

    2007-01-01

    Kasvavad kaubakogused vajavad järjest suurema kandevõimega aluseid, kuid uue saamiseks peavad laevafirmad arvestama vähemalt kolmeaastase ooteajaga. Laevnike ainus võimalus on suurendada olemasolevate laevade mahutavust. Vt. samas: Buum: konteinerlaevad on populaarsed; Laev pikemaks

  3. More otdajot kontsõ / Jekaterina Rodina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rodina, Jekaterina

    2007-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisel merenduskonverentsil Tallinnas kritiseerisid ärimehed Eesti valitsust, väites, et Eesti on ainus mereriik, kellel puudub kaugeleulatuv merenduspoliitika. Meretransiit võib järgmisel aastal langeda kuni veerandini eelmise aasta mahust.Vt. samas: Ajalehe Den za Dnjom märkus meretranspordi kohta

  4. Ääremaade pärispatt / Hardo Pajula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pajula, Hardo, 1966-

    2006-01-01

    Sarnastest probleemidest Eesti ja Argentina rahanduses. Autor kirjutab, et Eesti ja Argentina on ühtemoodi rahakeskuste ääremaad, ainsaks lahenduseks on ääremaastaatusest välja kasvada või keskustega ühte sulada: Eesti rahasüsteemi lahustumine euroalas on ainus tee keskusesse. Lisa: Mis juhtus Argentinas?

  5. Elisa ja EMT kemplevad, kumb pakub paremat levi / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2007-01-01

    Mobiilifirma Elisa väitel on Tartus kõige kvaliteetsem leviala Elisal. EMT võrgujuhi Margus Malvi hinnangul on EMT ja Elisa võrgud Tartus samaväärsed, ainus erinevus on kliendi kaugus tugijaamast. Lisa: Mobiililevi kvaliteet

  6. Live Earth, kurt reaalsuse suhtes / Bjırn Lomborg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lomborg, Bjırn

    2007-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 9. juuli, lk. 9. Kopenhaageni Konsensuse korraldaja arvates ei ole kliimamuutus sugugi ainus põletav teema, mille pärast südant valutada ning leiab, et keskendudes ainult ühele probleemile, tõrjutakse muud küsimused teisejärguliseks

  7. Leading Estonian brands in the hands of foreign companies / Andreas Kaju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaju, Andreas

    2002-01-01

    Emori poolt 2002. aasta alguses läbi viidud uurimusest selgus, et Eesti top 10 kaubamärkide hulgas on Kalev ainus Eesti kapitalil põhineva ettevõtte kaubamärk. Tabel: Eesti ettevõtete ja kaubamärkide top 6. Lisa

  8. Estonia still keen on single currency / Andrew Ward, Peter Spiegel, Joshua Chaffin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ward, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    Eesti üleminekust eurole. President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese sõnul kõnnib Eesti teiste väiksemate põhjamaiste riikide jälgedes. Tema sõnul on väikese riigi ainus võimalus ellujäämiseks reeglite järgimine ning nõudmine, et ka teised seda teeksid

  9. Vesi, lootus, armastus Pärnus aktinäitusel / Ülle Hallik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hallik, Ülle, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline aktinäitus "Mees ja naine" Pärnu Uue Kunsti Muuseumis. Eksponeeritakse ka Amandus Adamsoni tööd "Laine ainus suudlus". Lähemalt Iisraeli kunstniku Boaz Tal'i fotodest ja ameeriklase Mark Sadan'i veealustest fotodest

  10. Muusikamaailm : Hooaja algus Kuninglikus Ooperis. Gian Carlo Menotti Helsingis. Messiaeni ooper heliplaadil. Salzburgi festivali ette Ruzicka / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Londoni Royal Opera House avati 1. dets. galaõhtuga pärast 2 aastat kestnud ümberehitusi. Seoses oma ooperi "Konsul" uuslavastusega Soome Rahvusooperis viibis Helsingis C. G. Menotti. O. Messiaeni ainus ooper "Püha Franciscus Assisist" jõudis heliplaadile. Salzburgi festivali kunstiliseks juhiks aastast 2001 valiti P. Ruzicka

  11. DSC emafirma paneb Eesti erandile punkti / Kadri Bank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2010-01-01

    DSV Transpordi omanikfirma tegevjuht Jens Bjørn Andersen kommenteerib olukorda, kus osa firma töötajaid omab transpordiettevõtet, mille ainus või vähemalt üks suuremaid lepingupartnereid on nende endi tööandja ehk DSV Transport

  12. Petistest töötajad söövad ettevõtete kasumeid / Rick Helsby ; interv. Margo Kokerov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helsby, Rick

    2003-01-01

    PricewaterhouseCoopersi ülemaailmse pettuste uurimise teenuste juht Rick Helsby leiab, et olukorras, kus ligi pooled suurtest Euroopa organisatsioonidest tunnistavad, et on eelnenud aastate jooksul pettuste tõttu kahju kandnud, on ainus võimalus end pettuste eest täielikult kaitsta äritegevuse lõpetamine.

  13. Hilja Varemi helesinised aastad / Ilmar Palli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Palli, Ilmar, 1948-

    2003-01-01

    Näitlejanna ainus filmiroll oli 1959.a. valminud filmis "Kutsumata külalised", režissöör Igor Jeltsov. Filmivõtetest. Lisa sõnum "Rubriigi "Nutt ja hala" toimetaja Pets Mänd kirjeldab, kuidas sündis lugu Hilja Varemiga

  14. Sotsiolog Juhan Kivirähk : "Risk "razõgrat" natsionalnuju "kartu" v Estonii sohranjajetsja" / Juhan Kivirähk ; interv. Aleksei Starkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivirähk, Juhan, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Sotsioloogi arvates oli aprillirahutuste ainus positiivne tulemus see, et hakati rääkima eestlaste ja venelaste vahelistest suhetest ja integratsiooniprobleemidest ning analüüsima, mis on olnud valesti. Venelastel peaks olema mingi poliitiline esindatus, neid peaks olema senisest rohkem vastutavatel ametikohtadel

  15. Sonda vald hakkab õhku müüma / Gerli Romanovitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Romanovitš, Gerli, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 13. okt. 2004, lk. 4. Sonda on ainus Eesti omavalitsus, mis hakkab metsastatud maade pealt tulu teenima, müües seda riikidele, kes toodavad rohkem süsihappegaasi kui Euroopa Liidu normid lubavad. Lisaks süsihappegaasile saab metsastatud maadel kasvavast puidust hakata tootma soojusenergia saamiseks kasutatavaid puidugraanuleid. Projekti rahastab Euroopa Komisjon

  16. Kõik teed viivad pimedatel talveöödel kinodesse! / Kristiina Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Kristiina, 1974-

    2007-01-01

    Pimedate Ööde 11. filmifestivali filmiprogrammidest "Päike tõuseb idast", Screen International", "Igapäevane põrgu", "Panoraam" "11 valitud teost", "Foorum". Soovitusi filmivaatamiseks annavad veel Tauno Maripuu ("Minu tädi postmodernistlik elu"), Kristi Eberhart ("Minu vend on ainus laps"), Rain Tolk ("Vaimud")

  17. Kalma sauna tullakse ja sealt minnakse hea tujuga / Mari Sarv

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarv, Mari, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Tallinnas Vana-Kalamaja 9a tegutsevast Kalma saunast. Uusklassitsistlik art deco elementidega saunahoone valmis 1928. a. arhitekt Aleksander Vladovski projekti järgi. Saun taasavati renoveerituna 1987. aastal. Meestesaunas on puuküttega keris, ainus Tallinna avalikes saunades

  18. Aserbaidžaani juhi enesekindlus köidab Euroopat / Ahto Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    EL-ile on avaldanud muljet viis, kuidas Aserbaidžaani president Ilham Alijev on suutnud oma riigi energiaressursid mobiliseerida laiemate plaanide ja suhete teenistusse. Aserbaidžaan on ainus riik Taga-Kaukaasias, mis on loobunud EL-i abirahast, majanduskasv võib sel aastal ulatuda 25%-ni. Lisa: Nabucco. Gaasijuhtme kehv seis

  19. Leading Estonian brands in the hands of foreign companies / Andreas Kaju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaju, Andreas

    2002-01-01

    Emori poolt 2002. aasta alguses läbi viidud uurimusest selgus, et Eesti top 10 kaubamärkide hulgas on Kalev ainus Eesti kapitalil põhineva ettevõtte kaubamärk. Tabel: Eesti ettevõtete ja kaubamärkide top 6. Lisa

  20. Sotsiolog Juhan Kivirähk : "Risk "razõgrat" natsionalnuju "kartu" v Estonii sohranjajetsja" / Juhan Kivirähk ; interv. Aleksei Starkov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivirähk, Juhan, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Sotsioloogi arvates oli aprillirahutuste ainus positiivne tulemus see, et hakati rääkima eestlaste ja venelaste vahelistest suhetest ja integratsiooniprobleemidest ning analüüsima, mis on olnud valesti. Venelastel peaks olema mingi poliitiline esindatus, neid peaks olema senisest rohkem vastutavatel ametikohtadel

  1. Luik, haug ja vähk murravad piike EL-i põhiseaduse kallal / Ahto Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Prantsusmaa president Nicolas Sarkozy leiab, et EL-i põhiseaduslepingu puhul on ainus lahendus lihtsustatud leping, lahenduseks ei saa olla põhiseadus. Skeptikud - Suurbritannia, Holland jt. - tahavad vabaneda EL-i kui juriidilise isiku staatusest ning kavandatud presidendi ja välisministri institutsioonist, enamushääletust tahetakse piirata ning termin "põhiseadus" on nende jaoks tabu

  2. Edmund Valtmann - mees, kes joonistas Ameerika presidente / Heiki Raudla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudla, Heiki, 1949-

    2004-01-01

    2004.a. Eesti Ekspressis ilmus nimekiri sajast eestlasest, kes on kõige rohkem muutnud maailma. Nende seas ainus Pulitzeri preemia (1962) saanud eestlane karikaturist Edmund Valtman, kes tähistas tänavu 31. mail USA-s Duncasteris oma 90. sünnipäeva

  3. Elisa ja EMT kemplevad, kumb pakub paremat levi / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2007-01-01

    Mobiilifirma Elisa väitel on Tartus kõige kvaliteetsem leviala Elisal. EMT võrgujuhi Margus Malvi hinnangul on EMT ja Elisa võrgud Tartus samaväärsed, ainus erinevus on kliendi kaugus tugijaamast. Lisa: Mobiililevi kvaliteet

  4. "Tänu gaasijuhtmele ujuvad varsti kõik kalad...!" / Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tigasson, Külli-Riin, 1975-

    2005-01-01

    Poliitiliste argumentidega Vene-Saksa gaasijuhtme rajamise vastu enam ei saa, sõnab artikli autor, ainus argument on keskkonnakaitse. Eesti huvides on nõuda, et gaasitrassi keskkonnaekspertiisi ei koostaks Saksamaa ja Venemaa kahekesi, vaid et see koostataks Läänemere-äärsete riikide koostöös

  5. Kak vernut flot pod Estonskii flag? / Leidur Rannamets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rannamets, Leidur

    2007-01-01

    EL-is kasvab konkurents reisilaevaliinidel. Autori sõnul kinnitavad spetsialistid, et Eesti on ainus riik EL-is, mis ei kasuta õigust võimaldada oma laevakompaniidele riiklikku subsiidiumi. Laevaomanike hinnangul on 30 miljonit krooni, mis leiti lisaeelarvest laevanduse arendamiseks, vaid 10% vajalikust summast. Laevaomanike liidu seisukohtadest

  6. Sürrealism ja terrorism : sürrealism / Hasso Krull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krull, Hasso, 1964-

    2008-01-01

    Ettekanne sürrealismi konverentsil Tartus Kirjanduse Majas 21. XI. Salvador Dali esinemisest rahvusvahelisel sürrealismi näitusel Londonis 1936. a., Peter Sloterdijki arvamusest episoodi kohta, tema terrorismimõistest. Sõjaline terrorism. Sürrealism - ainus tõeline terrorismivastane võitlus. Sisaldab bibliograafiat

  7. Pärnus avati monument süütusele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1999-01-01

    Andrus Joonase Pootsi paepäevade raames valminud monument süütusele avati Academia Non Grata teise aastapäeva puhul Lepa kaubamaja ja karja tänava vahelisel alal; autori arvates on hingeline süütus kunstnikule väga tähtis ja Academia Non Grata ainus õppeasutus, kus õpilased seda hoida saavad.

  8. Mällu tätoveeritud asjad / Martin Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Martin, 1978-

    2009-01-01

    Sulev Keeduse filmidest - Esimeses osas mängufilmist "Ainus pühapäev" ning dokumentaalidest "Vaarao lapsed" ja "In paradisum". Teises osas keeleõpetuslikust seriaalist "a ja o", dokumnetaalfilmidest "Perekond", "Tormise regi", "Jonathan Austraaliast" ning mängufilmidest "Georgica" ja "Somnambuul"

  9. Baltic Scandinavian Lines - Tallinki konkurent, kes end konkurendiks ei nimeta / Margo Heinla ; interv. Mart Riikoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinla, Margo

    2005-01-01

    BSL-i tegevjuht kinnitab, et Tallink ei ole nende jaoks konkurent, kuna tegevusalad on nii erinevad. BSL-i ainus laev Via Mare on orienteeritud kaubavedudele Paldiskist Lõuna-Rootsi Västerviki ja Kapellskäri. Vaba ruumi korral veetakse üle ka sõiduautosid

  10. Загадочное исчезновение акций / Артур Тооман

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тооман, Артур, 1971-

    2009-01-01

    Zircon Technologies AS-i ostu jaoks Gate Capital OÜ loonud isikud väidavad, et üks ettevõtte loojatest - Aleksandr Kuzin, olles ainus juhatuse liige mõlemas ettevõttes, kandis 51% aktsiatest oma ettevõttele Pidev OÜ ja kandib ettevõtte vara oma firmadele

  11. Nato odottaa Ukrainalta maan sisäisen kuohunnan rauhoittamista

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Tallinnas toimunud üheksa NATO-riigi ning Ukraina kaitseministri kohtumisest. NATO peasekretär Jaap de Hoop Scheffer ja Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves meenutasid, et liikmelisuse tegevuskava (Membership Action Plan, MAP) on üks vahend teiste hulgas ning see pole ainus viis, kuidas alliansi liikmeks pääseda

  12. Eramaad segavad tee-ehituse suurprojekte / Andris Feldmanis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Feldmanis, Andris, 1982-

    2004-01-01

    Maade võõrandamine on probleemiks teedeehituses. Lisa: Järgmise nelja aasta jooksul tuleb tee-ehitusse 2 miljardit krooni. Vt. samas: Maade võõrandamine pole tee-ehituse ainus probleem; Maaomanik: olen valmis läbi rääkima; Tee- ehitajad ja tooremtootjad teadmatuses

  13. Ida-Euroopa vajab head eestkõnelejat / Edward Lucas ; tõlk. Marek Laane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lucas, Edward

    2006-01-01

    Ülevaade uute ning tulevaste Euroopa Liidu liikmeriikide poliitilisest olukorrast ja riigijuhtidest. Autor otsib asjalikku eestkõnelejat, kes suudaks Euroopa Liidus esindada neid riike küsimustes, mis neile korda lähevad, ning jõuab järeldusele, et ainus sobilik kandidaat sellele kohale oleks Rumeenia president Traian Basescu

  14. Eesti majanduskriisi dilemma: stimuleerida või lasta kõigil kannatada? / Mikk Salu ; kommenteerinud Ülo Kaasik ja Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Autor vaatleb, mida teevad praegu maailma riikide keskpangad ja valitsused, et kriisist välja tulla, ning avaldab arvamust, et eelarvepoliitika on enam-vähem ainus vahend, mida Eesti valitsus saab kasutada. Küsimusest, kas Eesti peaks laenama või kasutama reserve. Kommenteerivad Ülo Kaasik ja Mart Laar

  15. Кредит или резерв? / кoмментировал Юло Каазик

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Autor vaatleb, mida teevad praegu maailma riikide keskpangad ja valitsused, et kriisist välja tulla, ning avaldab arvamust, et eelarvepoliitika on enam-vähem ainus vahend, mida Eesti valitsus saab kasutada. Küsimusest, kas Eesti peaks laenama või kasutama reserve. Kommenteerib Ülo Kaasik

  16. Ääremaade pärispatt / Hardo Pajula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pajula, Hardo, 1966-

    2006-01-01

    Sarnastest probleemidest Eesti ja Argentina rahanduses. Autor kirjutab, et Eesti ja Argentina on ühtemoodi rahakeskuste ääremaad, ainsaks lahenduseks on ääremaastaatusest välja kasvada või keskustega ühte sulada: Eesti rahasüsteemi lahustumine euroalas on ainus tee keskusesse. Lisa: Mis juhtus Argentinas?

  17. Liituv Türgi on Euroopa strateegiline valik / Margaret Beckett

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Beckett, Margaret

    2006-01-01

    Suurbritannia välisminister on arvamusel, et ainus võimalus saavutada muutusi Türgis ja turvalisust Küprosel on tagada Türgi liitumisprotsessi teelpüsimist, hoides Türgi dialoogi Euroopaga ning valitsuse huvi Küprosega seotud probleemidele lahenduste otsimiste vastu

  18. Live Earth, kurt reaalsuse suhtes / Bjırn Lomborg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lomborg, Bjırn

    2007-01-01

    Vt. ka Postimees : na russkom jazõke 9. juuli, lk. 9. Kopenhaageni Konsensuse korraldaja arvates ei ole kliimamuutus sugugi ainus põletav teema, mille pärast südant valutada ning leiab, et keskendudes ainult ühele probleemile, tõrjutakse muud küsimused teisejärguliseks

  19. Estonia still keen on single currency / Andrew Ward, Peter Spiegel, Joshua Chaffin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ward, Andrew

    2010-01-01

    Eesti üleminekust eurole. President Toomas Hendrik Ilvese sõnul kõnnib Eesti teiste väiksemate põhjamaiste riikide jälgedes. Tema sõnul on väikese riigi ainus võimalus ellujäämiseks reeglite järgimine ning nõudmine, et ka teised seda teeksid

  20. Auschwitz-Birkenau paneb mõtisklema inimese üle / Kalev Vilgats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilgats, Kalev

    2009-01-01

    Ajakirjanike külaskäik Auschwitz-Birkenau Riiklikku Muuseumi. Auschwitz on ainus sunnitöö- ja surmalaager Teise maailmasõja päevilt, mis on säilinud algkujul ja kantud UNESCO maailmapärandi nimekirja

  1. Luik, haug ja vähk murravad piike EL-i põhiseaduse kallal / Ahto Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-

    2007-01-01

    Prantsusmaa president Nicolas Sarkozy leiab, et EL-i põhiseaduslepingu puhul on ainus lahendus lihtsustatud leping, lahenduseks ei saa olla põhiseadus. Skeptikud - Suurbritannia, Holland jt. - tahavad vabaneda EL-i kui juriidilise isiku staatusest ning kavandatud presidendi ja välisministri institutsioonist, enamushääletust tahetakse piirata ning termin "põhiseadus" on nende jaoks tabu

  2. Pop : Laine Jänes on mööduv, biit jääb / Aleksander Vana ; interv. Sten Valgus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vana, Aleksander

    2008-01-01

    Küsimustele vastavad ansambli Kosmikud liikmed. Heliplaadist "Ainus, mis jääb, on BEAT" (esitluskontserdid: 13. nov. Pärnu Endla teatrikohvokus, 14. nov. Tallinnas Rock Cafés, 15. nov. Tartu klubis Rock'n'Roll, 5. dets. Viljandi kinos Rubiin ja 6. dets. Järvakandi Club Cinemas)

  3. Baltic Scandinavian Lines - Tallinki konkurent, kes end konkurendiks ei nimeta / Margo Heinla ; interv. Mart Riikoja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinla, Margo

    2005-01-01

    BSL-i tegevjuht kinnitab, et Tallink ei ole nende jaoks konkurent, kuna tegevusalad on nii erinevad. BSL-i ainus laev Via Mare on orienteeritud kaubavedudele Paldiskist Lõuna-Rootsi Västerviki ja Kapellskäri. Vaba ruumi korral veetakse üle ka sõiduautosid

  4. Eesti majanduskriisi dilemma: stimuleerida või lasta kõigil kannatada? / Mikk Salu ; kommenteerinud Ülo Kaasik ja Mart Laar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salu, Mikk, 1975-

    2009-01-01

    Autor vaatleb, mida teevad praegu maailma riikide keskpangad ja valitsused, et kriisist välja tulla, ning avaldab arvamust, et eelarvepoliitika on enam-vähem ainus vahend, mida Eesti valitsus saab kasutada. Küsimusest, kas Eesti peaks laenama või kasutama reserve. Kommenteerivad Ülo Kaasik ja Mart Laar

  5. Estonian rail transport policy : cohesion with the European Union transport policy / Ott Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Ott, 1966-

    2006-01-01

    Käesoleval ajal asub Euroopa liidu liikmesriikide ainus erastatud avalik raudteeinfrastruktuur Eestis. Artikkel püüab selgitada, kas ja kuidas haakuvad Euroopa Liidu ja Eesti transpordipoliitikad raudteeveonduse osas ning kas erastatud avaliku raudtee puhul on võimalik nendes sisalduvate eesmärkide elluviimine. Järeldused. Tabelid, diagrammid

  6. 2005 - aasta, mil loodus suunas globaalset päevakorda / Dag Hartelius ; tõlk. Kadri Liik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hartelius, Dag

    2005-01-01

    Aasta 2005 on toonud julgeolekuaruteludes esiplaanile loodusõnnetused, kliimamuutuse ja energiaküsimused. Tuumatemaatika on taas päevakorral, samal ajal kui võitlus terrorismiga on juba osa meie argikäitumisest ja -mõtlemisest. Euroopa ainus tulevikutee on avatus

  7. Sonda vald hakkab õhku müüma / Gerli Romanovitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Romanovitš, Gerli, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 13. okt. 2004, lk. 4. Sonda on ainus Eesti omavalitsus, mis hakkab metsastatud maade pealt tulu teenima, müües seda riikidele, kes toodavad rohkem süsihappegaasi kui Euroopa Liidu normid lubavad. Lisaks süsihappegaasile saab metsastatud maadel kasvavast puidust hakata tootma soojusenergia saamiseks kasutatavaid puidugraanuleid. Projekti rahastab Euroopa Komisjon

  8. Teatriimpressioonid / Mihkel Mutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutt, Mihkel, 1953-

    1996-01-01

    Peeter Jalaka projekt 'Eesti mängud. Pulm' Von Krahli Teatris; Pierre Corneille' 'Näitaja näitab ja vaataja vaatab ehk Illusioon' Eesti Draamateatris (lav. Mati Unt); Jaanus Rohumaa - Mari Tuulingu 'Ainus ja igavene elu' Tallinna Linnateatris (lav. Jaanus Rohumaa); Oskar Lutsu - Voldemar Panso 'Kevade' Pärnu Teatris 'Endla' (lav. Aare Laanemets)

  9. Veel üks väike sammuke inimese kloonimise poole / Tiit Kändler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kändler, Tiit, 1948-

    2001-01-01

    USA erafirma Advanced Cell Technology teadlastel õnnestus esmakordselt maailmas inimrakkude kloonimine. Embrüo kloonijad rõhutavad, et nende ainus eesmärk on kasutada oma töö tulemusi raskete ja seni ravimatute haiguste võimalikuks raviks

  10. Sürrealism ja terrorism : sürrealism / Hasso Krull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krull, Hasso, 1964-

    2008-01-01

    Ettekanne sürrealismi konverentsil Tartus Kirjanduse Majas 21. XI. Salvador Dali esinemisest rahvusvahelisel sürrealismi näitusel Londonis 1936. a., Peter Sloterdijki arvamusest episoodi kohta, tema terrorismimõistest. Sõjaline terrorism. Sürrealism - ainus tõeline terrorismivastane võitlus. Sisaldab bibliograafiat

  11. Auschwitz-Birkenau paneb mõtisklema inimese üle / Kalev Vilgats

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilgats, Kalev

    2009-01-01

    Ajakirjanike külaskäik Auschwitz-Birkenau Riiklikku Muuseumi. Auschwitz on ainus sunnitöö- ja surmalaager Teise maailmasõja päevilt, mis on säilinud algkujul ja kantud UNESCO maailmapärandi nimekirja

  12. Merel loeb suurus / Henning Sietz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sietz, Henning

    2007-01-01

    Kasvavad kaubakogused vajavad järjest suurema kandevõimega aluseid, kuid uue saamiseks peavad laevafirmad arvestama vähemalt kolmeaastase ooteajaga. Laevnike ainus võimalus on suurendada olemasolevate laevade mahutavust. Vt. samas: Buum: konteinerlaevad on populaarsed; Laev pikemaks

  13. "Sinjaja ptitsa" - shedevr stoletnei võderzhki / Anatoli Korolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Korolev, Anatoli

    2008-01-01

    Moskva Kunstiteater tähistab Maurice Maeterlincki näidendi "Sinilind" lavastuse 100. juubelit. Esmalavastus Moskva Kunstiteatris 1908, lavastaja Konstantin Stanislavski. "Sinilind" on vene reformaatori ainus lavastus, mis on säilinud meie päevini. Praegu mängitakse seda Gorki-nim. Kunstiteatris Tatjana Doronina lavastuses

  14. Genetic diversity of riperian populations of glycyrrhiza lepidota along the salmon and snake rivers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glycyrrhiza lepidota Pursh (Fabaceae; American wild licorice), is a nitrogen-fixing, perennial, facultative riparian species present along many dryland rivers in western North America, including the U.S., southern Canada and northern Mexico. Like Glycyrrhiza glabra, common licorice native to Europe,...

  15. Growth of thinned and unthinned hardwood stands on a good site in northern California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philip M. McDonald; Nicholas R. Vaughn

    2007-01-01

    Pacific madrone (Arbutus menziesii Pursh), tanoak (Lithocarpus densiflorus (Hook. & Arn.) Rehd.), and California black oak (Quercus kelloggii Newb.) are three hardwood species commonly found in the Sierra Nevada of California, an area better known for its mixed-conifer forests. Hardwood stands in this region currently are...

  16. Hyperhydricity reversal and clonal propagation of four-wing saltbush (atriplex canescens, Chenopodiaceae) cultivated in vitro

    Science.gov (United States)

    In vitro propagated shoots of four-wing saltbush [Atriplex canescens (Pursh Nutt)] showed severe symptoms of hyperhydricity. Hyperhydricity is a frequent physiological problem reported in micropropagation of A. canescens and other plant species, and drastically reduces the quality of in vitro cultur...

  17. Comparison of postfire soil water repellency amelioration strategies on bluebunch wheatgrass and cheatgrass survival

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soil water repellency may significantly limit site recovery following wildfire. This study was designed to compare survival and growth of the native plant species bluebunch wheatgrass (Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh) A. Löve) to the invasive annual weed cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.), and to compar...

  18. Age-class differences in shoot photosynthesis and water relations of Fraser fir (Abies fraseri), southern Appalachian Mountains, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keith Reinhardt; Daniel M. Johnson; William K. Smith

    2009-01-01

    Fraser fir (Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir.) is an endemic tree species found only in refugial mountain-top forests in the southern Appalachian Mountains, USA. Very few studies have investigated the ecophysiology of this species in its natural environment. We measured and compared photosynthetic gas exchange and water relations of understory germinant...

  19. Phenotypic sex ratios of Atriplex canescens shrubs in relation to cattle browsing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andres F. Cibils; David M. Swift; Richard H. Hart

    2001-01-01

    Previous studies conducted at our research site on the shortgrass steppe in Colorado showed that phenotypic sex ratios of tetraploid fourwing saltbush (Atriplex canescens Pursh [Nutt]) shrubs were less female biased in grazed pastures than in adjacent exclosures. The potential effects of cattle browsing on shrub sex ratios were studied both in the field and in a...

  20. Resistance to Phytophthora cinnamomi in the Genus Abies

    Science.gov (United States)

    John Frampton; Fikret Isik; Mike Benson; Jaroslav Kobliha; Jan Stjskal

    2012-01-01

    A major limiting factor for the culture of true firs as Christmas trees is their susceptibility to Oomycete species belonging to the genus Phytophthora. In North Carolina alone, the Fraser fir (Abies fraseri [Pursh] Poir.) Christmas tree industry loses 6 to 7 million dollars annually to root rot primarily caused by ...

  1. Cloud immersion alters microclimate, photosynthesis and water relations in Rhododendron catawbiense and Abies fraseri seedlings in the southern Appalachian Mountains, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniel M. Johnson; William K. Smith

    2008-01-01

    The high altitude spruce-fir (Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poiret.-Picea rubens Sarg.) forests of the southern Appalachian Mountains, USA, experience frequent cloud immersion. Recent studies indicate that cloud bases may have risen over the past 30 years, resulting in less frequent forest cloud immersion, and that further increases in cloud base height are...

  2. Impacts of cloud immersion on microclimate, photosynthesis and water relations of fraser fir in a temperate mountain cloud forest

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keith Reinhardt; William K. Smith

    2010-01-01

    The red spruce-Fraser fir ecosystem (Picea rubens Sarg.-Abies fraseri [Pursh] Poir.) of the southern Appalachian mountains is a temperate zone cloud forest immersed in clouds for 30 to 40 percent of a typical summer day, and experiencing immersion on about 65 percent of all days annually. We compared the microclimate,...

  3. Antelope bitterbrush reestablishment: a case study of plant size and browse protection effects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    G. Randy Johnson; Joel P. Okula

    2006-01-01

    After an intense stand-replacement fire in south-central Oregon, 1-y-old (1+0) bareroot seedlings of antelope bitterbrush (Purshia tridentata (Pursh) DC. [Rosaceae]) were outplanted over a 4-y period. Paired-plots were established to examine the benefits of protecting the plants from damage due to animal browsing with Vexar mesh tubing. In the first...

  4. Eesti seadused kolivad igaveseks internetti / Marika Seppius

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seppius, Marika, 1959-

    2005-01-01

    1. jaanuarist 2007 on elektrooniline Riigi Teataja ainus ametlik väljaanne. Sama ka: Põhjarannik 26. juuli 2005, lk. 2 ; Virumaa Teataja 28. juuli 2005, lk. 7 ; Võrumaa Teataja 30. juuli 2005, lk. 2 ; Sakala 4. aug. 2005, lk. 2 ; Pärnu Postimees 4. aug. 2005, lk. 15 ; Vooremaa 4. aug. 2005, lk. 2 ; Valgamaalane 11. aug. 2005, lk. 2 ; Koit 13. aug. 2005, lk. 6

  5. Crafted - meisterdatud / Mihkel Tüür

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tüür, Mihkel, 1976-

    2012-01-01

    12. Alvar Aalto sümpoosion Jyväskyläs 10.-12. augustil 2012 teemal "Crafted". Kuraator Pekka Heikkinen. Pikemalt Mohsen Mostafavi ettekandest "Arhitektuur on materiaalne" ja Jürg Conzetti ettekandest "Strukturaalse tava jätkamine". Autori sõnul jäi kõlama mõte, et meisterlikult ehitatud maja saab olla ainus arhitektuuri tegelik mõõde

  6. Olgem ajaloo suhtes ausad / Olev Reemet, Bella Sagarova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reemet, Olev

    2006-01-01

    Johannes Hindi kauaaegsed kaastöötajad teatavad, et J. Hindi küsimuses olid Eesti juhtkonna poole pöördumisel neile kõik uksed suletud ning Arnold Rüütel oli ainus, kes neid Eestis vastu võttis. J. Hindi küsimuse tõstatasid NSVL-i keskkomitee ja Karl Vaino. Autorid kutsuvad meediat üles mitte avaldama artikleid, kus J. Hindi nime kasutatakse poliitikute omavahelises võitluses

  7. Kõik ei ole action / Mari Sobolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sobolev, Mari, 1968-

    1998-01-01

    Noorte videoprojektidest. Marko Laimre ja Andrus Kõresaare "Egoistically Correct", ainus actionil rajanev video. Jasper Zoova "Sheeps Are Everywhere". J. Zoova ja Tarrvi Laamannni "Fuck". Karol Kallase kureeritud näitusel "Kunstnik tapab koletise" "Kullo" galeriis olnud Jan Bergi, Meelis Salujärve, Al Paldroki videod, Andrus Joonase töö põhjal tehtud Kiwa video "Kunstnik tapab koletise". Publiku soov vaatemängu järele.

  8. 25 tõsjatsh v mesjats uzhe tsherez 4 goda / Dmitri Kulikov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kulikov, Dmitri

    2006-01-01

    Tallinnas toimus konverents "Suure palgareformi väljavaated Eestis", mille ajendiks olukord tööturul. Keskerakonna esimehe Edgar Savisaare hinnangul on ainus võimalus tööjõu äravoolu peatamiseks tõsta kiirelt palku. Hansapanga analüütiku Maris Lauri, professor Peeter Järvelaiu, majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministri nõuniku Heido Vitsuri esinemisest

  9. Bits and Pieces ehk kolumna. White Label : Music For Your Plants - Air Koryo. Kuula / DJ Pickney Tiger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    DJ Pickney Tiger, pseud., 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Popmuusikauudised. Laulust. Heliplaatidest: Virre "Kolmas. Folk rokib", Paabel "Loomine", Luarvik-Luarvik "Enigma variatsioonid", Maikameikers "8Hz", Asian Dub Foundation "Punkara", Everlast "Love, War and the Ghost of Whitey Ford", Pat Metheny & Anna Maria Jopek "Upojenie", Pat Metheny, Roy Hayness and Dave Holland "Questions and Answers", Kosmikud "Ainus, mis jääb, on beat", Metallica "Death Magnetic", Natty "Man Like I", 42Go "Miljonäri poeg"

  10. Eesti seadused kolivad igaveseks internetti / Marika Seppius

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seppius, Marika, 1959-

    2005-01-01

    1. jaanuarist 2007 on elektrooniline Riigi Teataja ainus ametlik väljaanne. Sama ka: Põhjarannik 26. juuli 2005, lk. 2 ; Virumaa Teataja 28. juuli 2005, lk. 7 ; Võrumaa Teataja 30. juuli 2005, lk. 2 ; Sakala 4. aug. 2005, lk. 2 ; Pärnu Postimees 4. aug. 2005, lk. 15 ; Vooremaa 4. aug. 2005, lk. 2 ; Valgamaalane 11. aug. 2005, lk. 2 ; Koit 13. aug. 2005, lk. 6

  11. Bits and Pieces ehk kolumna. White Label : Music For Your Plants - Air Koryo. Kuula / DJ Pickney Tiger

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    DJ Pickney Tiger, pseud., 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Popmuusikauudised. Laulust. Heliplaatidest: Virre "Kolmas. Folk rokib", Paabel "Loomine", Luarvik-Luarvik "Enigma variatsioonid", Maikameikers "8Hz", Asian Dub Foundation "Punkara", Everlast "Love, War and the Ghost of Whitey Ford", Pat Metheny & Anna Maria Jopek "Upojenie", Pat Metheny, Roy Hayness and Dave Holland "Questions and Answers", Kosmikud "Ainus, mis jääb, on beat", Metallica "Death Magnetic", Natty "Man Like I", 42Go "Miljonäri poeg"

  12. 25 tõsjatsh v mesjats uzhe tsherez 4 goda / Dmitri Kulikov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kulikov, Dmitri

    2006-01-01

    Tallinnas toimus konverents "Suure palgareformi väljavaated Eestis", mille ajendiks olukord tööturul. Keskerakonna esimehe Edgar Savisaare hinnangul on ainus võimalus tööjõu äravoolu peatamiseks tõsta kiirelt palku. Hansapanga analüütiku Maris Lauri, professor Peeter Järvelaiu, majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniministri nõuniku Heido Vitsuri esinemisest

  13. Fed ulatas abikäe. Miks? / Romet Kreek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreek, Romet, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Euroopa Keskpank, Suurbritannia, Jaapani ja Šveitsi keskpank saavad Föderaalreservilt oma valuutade vastu dollareid, mida nad saavad oma maa pankadele edasi laenata. Autor märgib, et ainus põhjus, millega saaks nüüdset Föderaalreservi otsust põhjendada, oli vajadus tegutseda ennetamaks järgmist Lehman Brothersi tüüpi kriisi

  14. Olgem ajaloo suhtes ausad / Olev Reemet, Bella Sagarova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reemet, Olev

    2006-01-01

    Johannes Hindi kauaaegsed kaastöötajad teatavad, et J. Hindi küsimuses olid Eesti juhtkonna poole pöördumisel neile kõik uksed suletud ning Arnold Rüütel oli ainus, kes neid Eestis vastu võttis. J. Hindi küsimuse tõstatasid NSVL-i keskkomitee ja Karl Vaino. Autorid kutsuvad meediat üles mitte avaldama artikleid, kus J. Hindi nime kasutatakse poliitikute omavahelises võitluses

  15. Kõik ei ole action / Mari Sobolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sobolev, Mari, 1968-

    1998-01-01

    Noorte videoprojektidest. Marko Laimre ja Andrus Kõresaare "Egoistically Correct", ainus actionil rajanev video. Jasper Zoova "Sheeps Are Everywhere". J. Zoova ja Tarrvi Laamannni "Fuck". Karol Kallase kureeritud näitusel "Kunstnik tapab koletise" "Kullo" galeriis olnud Jan Bergi, Meelis Salujärve, Al Paldroki videod, Andrus Joonase töö põhjal tehtud Kiwa video "Kunstnik tapab koletise". Publiku soov vaatemängu järele.

  16. Crafted - meisterdatud / Mihkel Tüür

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tüür, Mihkel, 1976-

    2012-01-01

    12. Alvar Aalto sümpoosion Jyväskyläs 10.-12. augustil 2012 teemal "Crafted". Kuraator Pekka Heikkinen. Pikemalt Mohsen Mostafavi ettekandest "Arhitektuur on materiaalne" ja Jürg Conzetti ettekandest "Strukturaalse tava jätkamine". Autori sõnul jäi kõlama mõte, et meisterlikult ehitatud maja saab olla ainus arhitektuuri tegelik mõõde

  17. Fed ulatas abikäe. Miks? / Romet Kreek

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreek, Romet, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Euroopa Keskpank, Suurbritannia, Jaapani ja Šveitsi keskpank saavad Föderaalreservilt oma valuutade vastu dollareid, mida nad saavad oma maa pankadele edasi laenata. Autor märgib, et ainus põhjus, millega saaks nüüdset Föderaalreservi otsust põhjendada, oli vajadus tegutseda ennetamaks järgmist Lehman Brothersi tüüpi kriisi

  18. Assessment of heavy metal pollution of topsoils and plants in the City of Belgrade

    OpenAIRE

    Andrejić Gordana; Rakić Tamara; Šinžar-Sekulić Jasmina; Mihailović Nevena; Grubin Jasmina; Stevanović Branka; Tomović Gordana

    2016-01-01

    In order to assess heavy metal pollution in the city of Belgrade (Serbia) concentrations of V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb were measured on 18 topsoil samples collected in the proximity to central urban boulevards and in urban parks. In addition, concentrations of specified elements were determined in leaves of three evergreen plant species Buxus sempervirens L., Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt. and Prunus laurocerasus L. so as to estimate their sensi...

  19. Tallinn rekonstrueerib : juhtumid kahe objektiga / Triin Ojari

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ojari, Triin, 1974-

    1998-01-01

    1960. a. ehitatud hotell Tallinna (arhitektid Peeter Tarvas, Toivo Kallas) ümberehitus hotelliks Grand Mercure Tallinn. Ümberehituse autor - Kalle Rõõmuse arhitektuuribüroo (I. Vainu, A. Kukke, K. Smirnov, T. Pakri). 1939. a. valminud Pirita restorani (Regati baar) ja autobusside lõppjaama hoone (arhitekt Arthur Jürvetson) - Tallinnas ainus säilinud funktsionalistliku rannaarhitektuuri näide - ümberehitus Regati Maja Ärikeskuseks. Ümberehitusprojekt valmis Laansoo Grupis, arhitektid Anne Kose, Andrus Sisask. Kommentaarid Kalle Rõõmus, Andrus Sisask.

  20. Ansip on Eesti Bush, kena naeratuse ja lihtsa(meelse) jutuga mees / Ivar Põllu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põllu, Ivar

    2007-01-01

    Lõppenud parlamendi- ja presidendivalimistele mõeldes kirjutab autor peaminister Andrus Ansipi fenomenist, kohaliku ärikliima tähtsusest ja moodustatavast valitsusest ning tahab uskuda, et viimase aasta ilmingud on tõepoolest kodanikuühiskonna tekkimise algus Eestis. Autor väljendab lootust, et Toomas Hendrik Ilvese saamine presidendiks ja kõrgenenud valimisaktiivsus parlamendivalimistel näitavad kodanikuühiskonna tekkimise algust Eestis ning väidab, et idealism on ainus jätkusuutlik maailmakord

  1. Kõne, mis vihastas Fidel Castrot / Ignar Fjuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fjuk, Ignar, 1953-

    2002-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Vooremaa 7. mai lk. 2, Vali Uudised 8. mai lk. 2, Järva Teataja 10. mai lk. 2, Hiiu Leht 10. mai lk. 2, Videvik 16. mai lk. 6 (lüh.), Hiiumaa 14. mai lk. 5, Meie Maa 17. mai lk. 5. Varem või hiljem jõutakse äratundmiseni, et inimkonna ellujäämise ainus väljavaade seisneb vabaduse ja demokraatia piiranguteta ja jagamatus võidulepääsus. Autor: Reformierakond. Parlamendisaadik

  2. Ansip on Eesti Bush, kena naeratuse ja lihtsa(meelse) jutuga mees / Ivar Põllu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põllu, Ivar

    2007-01-01

    Lõppenud parlamendi- ja presidendivalimistele mõeldes kirjutab autor peaminister Andrus Ansipi fenomenist, kohaliku ärikliima tähtsusest ja moodustatavast valitsusest ning tahab uskuda, et viimase aasta ilmingud on tõepoolest kodanikuühiskonna tekkimise algus Eestis. Autor väljendab lootust, et Toomas Hendrik Ilvese saamine presidendiks ja kõrgenenud valimisaktiivsus parlamendivalimistel näitavad kodanikuühiskonna tekkimise algust Eestis ning väidab, et idealism on ainus jätkusuutlik maailmakord

  3. High diversity and low specificity of chaetothyrialean fungi in carton galleries in a neotropical ant-plant association.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximilian Nepel

    Full Text Available New associations have recently been discovered between arboreal ants that live on myrmecophytic plants, and different groups of fungi. Most of the - usually undescribed - fungi cultured by the ants belong to the order Chaetothyriales (Ascomycetes. Chaetothyriales occur in the nesting spaces provided by the host plant, and form a major part of the cardboard-like material produced by the ants for constructing nests and runway galleries. Until now, the fungi have been considered specific to each ant species. We focus on the three-way association between the plant Tetrathylacium macrophyllum (Salicaceae, the ant Azteca brevis (Formicidae: Dolichoderinae and various chaetothyrialean fungi. Azteca brevis builds extensive runway galleries along branches of T. macrophyllum. The carton of the gallery walls consists of masticated plant material densely pervaded by chaetothyrialean hyphae. In order to characterise the specificity of the ant-fungus association, fungi from the runway galleries of 19 ant colonies were grown as pure cultures and analyzed using partial SSU, complete ITS, 5.8S and partial LSU rDNA sequences. This gave 128 different fungal genotypes, 78% of which were clustered into three monophyletic groups. The most common fungus (either genotype or approximate species-level OTU was found in the runway galleries of 63% of the investigated ant colonies. This indicates that there can be a dominant fungus but, in general, a wider guild of chaetothyrialean fungi share the same ant mutualist in Azteca brevis.

  4. Bat assemblages from three Atlantic Forest fragments in Rio de Janeiro state, Southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Leonan Novaes

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Bat species richness in Neotropical localities is generally higher than that of any other group of mammals, and surveys of local bat assemblages may provide useful data for conservation management plans. Although the bat fauna of the Rio de Janeiro state is currently one of the best known in Brazil, there are several localities not adequately surveyed yet, and most of them are in the mountainous regions and in the northern portion of the state. From January 2008 to November 2009, we conducted surveys of bats in three localities in the state of Rio de Janeiro (municipalities of Varre-Sai, Sumidouro, and Cantagalo, and our fieldwork constitutes the first assessment of the bat assemblages of these localities. Surveys were conducted using mist nets in four different habitat types in each locality (forest interior, forest edge, riparian forest, and open areas [pastures]. We captured a total of 148 individuals in 17 species, 14 genera and 3 families. Among them, 11 species were recorded in Sumidouro, seven in Cantagalo, and nine in Varre-Sai. Although species richness was low compared with previous surveys in other close localities, we recorded species that have been rarely sampled in Southeastern Brazil (e.g., Macrophyllum macrophyllum [Phyllostomidae]. The results reinforce the importance of sampling different habitats in short surveys to improve the number of species registered.

  5. The aerodynamic cost of head morphology in bats: maybe not as bad as it seems.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dieter Vanderelst

    Full Text Available At first sight, echolocating bats face a difficult trade-off. As flying animals, they would benefit from a streamlined geometric shape to reduce aerodynamic drag and increase flight efficiency. However, as echolocating animals, their pinnae generate the acoustic cues necessary for navigation and foraging. Moreover, species emitting sound through their nostrils often feature elaborate noseleaves that help in focussing the emitted echolocation pulses. Both pinnae and noseleaves reduce the streamlined character of a bat's morphology. It is generally assumed that by compromising the streamlined charactered of the geometry, the head morphology generates substantial drag, thereby reducing flight efficiency. In contrast, it has also been suggested that the pinnae of bats generate lift forces counteracting the detrimental effect of the increased drag. However, very little data exist on the aerodynamic properties of bat pinnae and noseleaves. In this work, the aerodynamic forces generated by the heads of seven species of bats, including noseleaved bats, are measured by testing detailed 3D models in a wind tunnel. Models of Myotis daubentonii, Macrophyllum macrophyllum, Micronycteris microtis, Eptesicus fuscus, Rhinolophus formosae, Rhinolophus rouxi and Phyllostomus discolor are tested. The results confirm that non-streamlined facial morphologies yield considerable drag forces but also generate substantial lift. The net effect is a slight increase in the lift-to-drag ratio. Therefore, there is no evidence of high aerodynamic costs associated with the morphology of bat heads.

  6. Decomposition and nitrogen dynamics of (15)N-labeled leaf, root, and twig litter in temperate coniferous forests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Huysen, Tiff L; Harmon, Mark E; Perakis, Steven S; Chen, Hua

    2013-12-01

    Litter nutrient dynamics contribute significantly to biogeochemical cycling in forest ecosystems. We examined how site environment and initial substrate quality influence decomposition and nitrogen (N) dynamics of multiple litter types. A 2.5-year decomposition study was installed in the Oregon Coast Range and West Cascades using (15)N-labeled litter from Acer macrophyllum, Picea sitchensis, and Pseudotsuga menziesii. Mass loss for leaf litter was similar between the two sites, while root and twig litter exhibited greater mass loss in the Coast Range. Mass loss was greatest from leaves and roots, and species differences in mass loss were more prominent in the Coast Range. All litter types and species mineralized N early in the decomposition process; only A. macrophyllum leaves exhibited a net N immobilization phase. There were no site differences with respect to litter N dynamics despite differences in site N availability, and litter N mineralization patterns were species-specific. For multiple litter × species combinations, the difference between gross and net N mineralization was significant, and gross mineralization was 7-20 % greater than net mineralization. The mineralization results suggest that initial litter chemistry may be an important driver of litter N dynamics. Our study demonstrates that greater amounts of N are cycling through these systems than may be quantified by only measuring net mineralization and challenges current leaf-based biogeochemical theory regarding patterns of N immobilization and mineralization.

  7. Decomposition and nitrogen dynamics of 15N-labeled leaf, root, and twig litter in temperate coniferous forests

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Huysen, Tiff L.; Harmon, Mark E.; Perakis, Steven S.; Chen, Hua

    2013-01-01

    Litter nutrient dynamics contribute significantly to biogeochemical cycling in forest ecosystems. We examined how site environment and initial substrate quality influence decomposition and nitrogen (N) dynamics of multiple litter types. A 2.5-year decomposition study was installed in the Oregon Coast Range and West Cascades using 15N-labeled litter from Acer macrophyllum, Picea sitchensis, and Pseudotsuga menziesii. Mass loss for leaf litter was similar between the two sites, while root and twig litter exhibited greater mass loss in the Coast Range. Mass loss was greatest from leaves and roots, and species differences in mass loss were more prominent in the Coast Range. All litter types and species mineralized N early in the decomposition process; only A. macrophyllum leaves exhibited a net N immobilization phase. There were no site differences with respect to litter N dynamics despite differences in site N availability, and litter N mineralization patterns were species-specific. For multiple litter × species combinations, the difference between gross and net N mineralization was significant, and gross mineralization was 7–20 % greater than net mineralization. The mineralization results suggest that initial litter chemistry may be an important driver of litter N dynamics. Our study demonstrates that greater amounts of N are cycling through these systems than may be quantified by only measuring net mineralization and challenges current leaf-based biogeochemical theory regarding patterns of N immobilization and mineralization.

  8. Total phenolics and antioxidant activity of five medicinal plant; Fenois totais e atividade antioxidante de cinco plantas medicinais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sousa, Cleyton Marcos de M.; Silva, Hilris Rocha e; Vieira-Junior, Gerardo Magela; Ayres, Mariane Cruz C.; Costa, Charllyton Luis S. da; Araajo, Delton Servulo; Cavalcante, Luis Carlos D.; Barros, Elcio Daniel S.; Araujo, Paulo Breitner de M.; Brandao, Marcela S.; Chaves, Mariana H. [Universidade Federal do Piaui, Teresina, PI (Brazil). Dept. de Quimica]. E-mail: mariana@ufpi.br

    2007-03-15

    This paper describes total phenolics content and antioxidant activity in the ethanolic extract of leaves, bark and roots of five medicinal plants: Terminalia brasiliensis Camb., Terminalia fagifolia Mart. and Zucc., Copernicia cerifera (Miller) H.E. Moore, Cenostigma macrophyllum Tul. var. acuminata Teles Freire and Qualea grandiflora Mart. The total phenolics content of the plant extracts, determined by the Folin-Ciocalteu method, varied from 250.0 {+-}8,2 to 763,63 {+-}13.03 mg of gallic acid equivalent/g dry EtOH extract. The antioxidant activity of extracts was evaluated using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay system. Extract of bark from T. brasiliensis, the most active, with an EC{sub 50} value of 27.59 {+-} 0.82 {mu}g/mL, was comparable to rutin (EC{sub 50} = 27.80 {+-} 1.38) and gallic acid (EC{sub 50} = 24.27 {+-} 0.31), used as positive controls. The relationship between total phenolic content and antioxidant activity was positive and significant for T. brasiliensis, C. macrophyllum and C. cerifera. (author)

  9. Women's Health Among the Chumash

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James D. Adams

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Plants were, and still are, widely used for a number of conditions affecting women in California. This article discusses traditional remedies of the Chumash for dysmenorrhea, premenstrual syndrome, feminine hygiene, heavy menstruation, urinary tract infections, parturition, lactation, infant care, menopause, sexually transmitted diseases, fertility, contraception and abortions. Many plants are presented including Artemisia douglasiana, Paeonia californica, Trichostema lanatum, Salvia apiana, Ephedra viridis, Leymus condensatus, Vitis californica, Eschscholzia californica, Rosa californica, Scirpus acutus, Anemopsis californica and Phoradendron macrophyllum. By providing the specific uses of plants for specific diseases and discussing chemistry, efficacy and safety concerns for each plant, we hope that this article gives direction to women seeking to use plants in their health care.

  10. Kolmas mask : Eesti kutselise teatri sünniloo käsitlused tänapäeva lavadel / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Veiko Märka, Katri Aaslav-Tepandi, Raivo Adlas, Andrus Kivirähk, Jaanus Rohumaa ja Ilmar Raag teevad kokkuvõtteid Eesti kutselise teatri sünniloo käsitlustest nii teatris kui kinos. Vaatluse all on lavastused : Ilmar Külveti "Menning" Vanemuises (1990) Raivo Adlase lavastuses, Jaanus Rohumaa/Mari Tuulingu "Ainus ja igavene elu" Tallinna Linnateatris (1996) Jaanus Rohumaa lavastuses, "Udumäe kuningas" Palamuse harrastusteatris (2003), autor ja lavastaja Raivo Adlas, Andrus Kivirähki "Adolf Rühka lühikene elu" Eesti Draamateatris (2005) Ingomar Vihmari lavastuses ja "Libahundi needus" (ETV ja Shop of Dreams, 2005), režissöör Rainer Sarnet, stsenaristid Ilmar Raag, Margus Kasterpalu, Rainer Sarnet

  11. Üle kuristiku : [luuletused] / Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Doris, 1958-

    1998-01-01

    Sisu: Üle kuristiku ; Pärastlõuna ; Miski jääb lõpuni puudu ; "Nüüd, kus sa tead juba elust..." ; Lõpp ; Pühitsus 1-3 ; "Iga päev..." ; "Sellest maast, sellest saatusest..." ; "Me elu on me elu ainus mõte..." ; Midas ; Tagahoovid 2 ; Painaja ; Hääl ; "Ma tean, et meenun Sulle ainult siis..." ; Teerist ; Passioon 1-4 ; Erakiri ; "Käib aimamatut rada armastus..." ; Ärkamine ; "Sa lakkasid olemast ime..." ; "Läbi elu lendab surmakivi..." ; "Viib sünnieelsest unest surmaunne..." ; "Tark olla tahtmise ja teadmissunni..." ; "Kui palve püsib puhas leht su ees..." ; "Puud kohisevad. Mu elu..." ; "Ta vaikib, su Õpetaja..." ; "Ma kirjutasin maha, liivale..." ; "Kõik, keda nägin..."

  12. Üle kuristiku : [luuletused] / Doris Kareva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareva, Doris, 1958-

    1998-01-01

    Sisu: Üle kuristiku ; Pärastlõuna ; Miski jääb lõpuni puudu ; "Nüüd, kus sa tead juba elust..." ; Lõpp ; Pühitsus 1-3 ; "Iga päev..." ; "Sellest maast, sellest saatusest..." ; "Me elu on me elu ainus mõte..." ; Midas ; Tagahoovid 2 ; Painaja ; Hääl ; "Ma tean, et meenun Sulle ainult siis..." ; Teerist ; Passioon 1-4 ; Erakiri ; "Käib aimamatut rada armastus..." ; Ärkamine ; "Sa lakkasid olemast ime..." ; "Läbi elu lendab surmakivi..." ; "Viib sünnieelsest unest surmaunne..." ; "Tark olla tahtmise ja teadmissunni..." ; "Kui palve püsib puhas leht su ees..." ; "Puud kohisevad. Mu elu..." ; "Ta vaikib, su Õpetaja..." ; "Ma kirjutasin maha, liivale..." ; "Kõik, keda nägin..."

  13. Kolmas mask : Eesti kutselise teatri sünniloo käsitlused tänapäeva lavadel / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2006-01-01

    Veiko Märka, Katri Aaslav-Tepandi, Raivo Adlas, Andrus Kivirähk, Jaanus Rohumaa ja Ilmar Raag teevad kokkuvõtteid Eesti kutselise teatri sünniloo käsitlustest nii teatris kui kinos. Vaatluse all on lavastused : Ilmar Külveti "Menning" Vanemuises (1990) Raivo Adlase lavastuses, Jaanus Rohumaa/Mari Tuulingu "Ainus ja igavene elu" Tallinna Linnateatris (1996) Jaanus Rohumaa lavastuses, "Udumäe kuningas" Palamuse harrastusteatris (2003), autor ja lavastaja Raivo Adlas, Andrus Kivirähki "Adolf Rühka lühikene elu" Eesti Draamateatris (2005) Ingomar Vihmari lavastuses ja "Libahundi needus" (ETV ja Shop of Dreams, 2005), režissöör Rainer Sarnet, stsenaristid Ilmar Raag, Margus Kasterpalu, Rainer Sarnet

  14. Novel Neolignan from Penthorum chinense

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A new neolignan(7'E)-2',4,8-trihydroxy-3-methoxy-2,4'-epoxy-8,5'-neolign-7'-en-7-one(1)was isolated from the whole plants of Penthorum chinense Pursh,along with lupeol (2), betulinic acid(3),glyceryl monopalmitate(4),β-sitosterol(5),palmitic acid(6),ursolic acid(7),2β,3β,23-trihydroxy-urs-12-ene-28-oic acid(8),glyceryl monolaurate(9),scopoletin(10).luteolin(16),β-daucosterol(17),quercetin(18),1-O-(β-D-glucopyranosyl)-(2S,2'R,3R,4E,8E)-2-(2'-hydroxyhexadecanoy-lamino)-4,8-octdecadiene-1,3-dool (19),gallic acid (20),pinocembrin-7-O-β-D-glucoside(21),and quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucoside(22).The structures of these compounds ware elucidated on the basis of chemical and spectral evidence.

  15. The genus Rubus (Rosaceae in South Africa. IV. Natural hybridiza­ tion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. J. Spies

    1987-12-01

    Full Text Available The genus  Rubus L. is represented in southern Africa by the subgenera  Eubatus Focke and  Idaeobatus Focke. A combination o f morphological data, data on the reproductive systems of some collections and meiotic chromosome behaviour indicates that a hybrid swarm in the eastern Transvaal was formed subsequent to the hybridization between R. cuneifolius Pursh. taxon B (subgenus Eubatus and R. longepedicellatus (C. E. Gust. C. H. Stirton (subgenus Idaeobatus. Other examples of intra- and intersubgeneric hybridization were found during this study of the South African material. These instances, with examples found in the literature, indicate that the subgeneric subdivisions of Rubus are artificial. Three different methods were used to analyse the meiotic chromosome configurations. The genome relationship system of Alonso & Kimber (1981 and Kimber & Alonso (1981 and the modification of the binomial system of Jackson & Casey (1980 by Spies (1984 proved to be the most sensitive for distinguishing between alio-, segmental alio- and autoploids.

  16. Species screening and biomass trials of woody plants in the semi-arid Southwest United States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirmse, R.D.; Fisher, J.T.

    1989-01-01

    Species screening and selection trials are being conducted to identify appropriate woody species and technology for biofuel farming in the southwest United States. During the initial phase of the program, 26 native and exotic species have been tested at sites in Texas, New Mexico and Arizona. Second season biomass estimates indicate that initial yields of 3.2-8.5 dry Mg ha/sup -1/ year/sup -1/ are possible without post-establishment irrigation. The species Atriplex canescens (Pursh) Nutt., Prosopis alba Griseb. and Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit reached canopy closure within two seasons of growth and are identified as rapid initial biomass producers under the semi-arid conditions of the study area. (author).

  17. Chemical composition of essential oils of Grindelia squarrosa and G. hirsutula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veres, Katalin; Roza, Orsolya; Laczkó-Zöld, Eszter; Hohmann, Judit

    2014-04-01

    The essential oils of Grindelia squarrosa (Pursh) Dunal and G. hirsutula Hook. & Am. cultivated in Romania were isolated by hydrodistillation. The essential oils were analyzed by a combination of GC-FID and GC-MS. The identification of the constituents was achieved from their retention indices and comparison of their MS data with computer library database and literature data. The fifty-six identified constituents accounted for 72.1-81.3% of the oils. The oils were found to contain a-pinene, beta-pinene, limonene, borneol, bornyl acetate and germacrene D as main constituents. The oils obtained from the two species showed small differences in chemical composition. However, menthol, menthone and pulegone were detected only in the essential oil of G. hirsutula.

  18. Variation in Phenology and Population Distribution Pattern of Three Alpine Species Along the Snowmelt Gradient%3种高山植物的物候和种群分布格局在融雪梯度上的变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文年; 吴彦; 吴宁; 罗鹏

    2011-01-01

    在青藏高原东部的一个高山雪床,沿着融雪梯度分别设置早融、中间和晚融3个融雪部位,然后测定川西小黄菊(Pyrethrum tatsienense)、长叶火绒草(Leontopodium longifolium)和圆穗蓼(Polygonum macrophyllum)在3个融雪部位上的物候差异以及种群分布格局的变化.结果表明:从早融到晚融的梯度上,3个物种的物候期都不同程度地有所推迟.其中,开始生长的时间推迟12-14d,始花期推迟6-8d,盛花期推迟 6d左右,但同-种植物在不同的融雪部位上的衰老枯黄期趋于-致,这标志着在晚融部位同-植物的生长期要缩短.在种群层次上,长叶火绒草和圆穗蓼的分布格局随着融雪的推迟都发生了-定的变化,基本上表现为从早融部位的集群分布到中间或晚融部位的随机分布.川西小黄菊在各个融雪部位上都表现为集群分布,但集群的强度随融雪的推迟逐渐减弱.%In an alpine snowbed on the eastern Tibetan Plateau, three portions were established along snowmelt gradient. At each portion, the phenology and population distribution pattern of three alpine species (Pyrethrum tatsienense, Leontopodium longifolium and Polygonum macrophyllum) were tested. The results showed that from early-to late-melting portion, phenological phases of three species delayed to different extents. Plant emergence delayed 12 - 14 d, first flowering delayed 6 -8 d and peak flowering delayed nearly 6 d. For each species, however, consenescence at three portions did not differed significantly, indicating that growing season length of a species at late-melting portion shortened. At population level, the distribution pattern of Leontopodium longifolium and Polygonum macrophyllum varied as the snowmelt delayed, changing from cluster pattern at early-melting portion to random pattern at late-melting or medium portion. Pyrethrum tatsienense showed cluster pattern at three portions. However, its intensity of cluster weakened as the

  19. 以薄层色谱分析法比较及质评肉桂%Comparison and Quality Assessment of Cassia Bark (Cortex Cinnamomi) by Thin Layer Chromatography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺震旦; 邵鹏柱; 乔春峰; 韩全斌; 宋景政; 郑全能; 徐宏喜; 江仁望; 黄家乐; 毕培曦

    2006-01-01

    Aim To differentiate the genuine cassia bark from its substitutes and adulterants. Methods Six components, phenylpropyl acetate, cinnamyl acetate, cinnamaldehyde, cinnamyl alcohol, coumarin, and cinnamic acid were used as characteristic markers, and an optimized TLC method was developed. Results The TLC profile of cassia bark is similar to its closely related variety Cinnamomum cassia Presl var. macrophyllum Chu but significantly different from other six Cinnamomum species. High content of phenylpropyl acetate, cinnamaldehyde, and coumarin was found in superior commercial grade debarked cortex. Conclusion The developed TLC method can be used to differentiate the genuine cassia bark from its substitutes and adulterants.%目的 肉桂为樟科植物肉桂Cinnamomum cassia Presl的干燥树皮,也是一种重要的香料及药材的植物来源.本研究通过优化薄层色谱条件来快速准确鉴定肉桂及其商品.方法 所用的标识物包括苯丙醇乙酸酯、桂皮醇乙酸酯、桂皮醛、桂皮醇、香豆素及桂皮酸六种化学物.结果 肉桂及其变种大叶清化桂C. cassia Presl var. macrophyllum Chu之图谱相似,但与其余六种樟科植物差异很大,而高规格商品肉桂的苯丙醇乙酸酯、桂皮醛及香豆素的含量较高.结论 本研究利用优化的薄层色谱分析法和六种肉桂的化学物,成功分辨肉桂和它的代用品及伪品.研究也指出高规格商品肉桂的化学特征.

  20. Fitossociologia de duas fitocenoses de floresta ombrófila aberta no município de Codó, Estado do Maranhão Phytosociology of two open ombrophylous forest phytocenosis Codó municipality, State of Maranhão, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Ricardo Vasconcellos Gama

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo foi realizado no Projeto Magela (04º 35' 20" S e 43º 49' 55,2" W, pertencente à Empresa MARGUSA (Maranhão Gusa S.A., localizado no Município de Codó, Estado do Maranhão. Teve como objetivo analisar a composição florística e a estrutura horizontal de Floresta Ombrófila Aberta com cipó (FOAcipó e Floresta Ombrófila Aberta com palmeira (FOApalmeira. No inventário florestal, utilizou-se amostragem casual estratificada com 12 parcelas na FOAcipó e nove na FOApalmeira. Em parcelas de 50 x 200 m, mensuraram-se todos os indivíduos com DAP > 15 cm (nível I de inclusão e, em subparcelas de 5 x 50 m, os indivíduos com 5 cm The study was carried out in the area of the Magela Project (04º 35' 20" S and 43º 49' 55,2" W owned by MARGUSA Enterprise (Maranhão Gusa S/A, located in the Municipality of Codó, State of Maranhão. The forest cover belongs to the Open Ombrophylous Forest with lianas (OOFliana and to the Open Ombrophylous Forest with palms (OOFpalm. The objective was to analyze the floristic composition and horizontal structure of the OOFliana and OOFpalm. In 50 x 200 m plots, all individuals with DBH > 15 cm (inclusion level I were measured, and in 5 x 50 m subplots, individuals with 5 cm < DBH < 15 cm (inclusion level II were included. The OOFpalm formation showed the highest floristic diversity. Species with higher ecological importance in OOFliana were: Cenostigma macrophyllum Tul. (Leguminosae, Galipea jasminiflora (A. St.-Hil. Engl. (Rutaceae e Hymenaea parvifolia Huber (Leguminosae. In OOFpalms, the most important species were: Attalea speciosa Mart. Ex Spreng. (Arecaceae, Actinostemon klotzshii (Didr. Pax (Euphorbiaceae e Cenostigma macrophyllum.

  1. Holocene vegetation history and fire regimes of Pseudotsuga menziesii forests in the Gulf Islands National Park Reserve, southwestern British Columbia, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lucas, Jennifer D.; Lacourse, Terri

    2013-05-01

    Pollen analysis of a 9.03-m-long lake sediment core from Pender Island on the south coast of British Columbia was used to reconstruct the island's vegetation history over the last 10,000 years. The early Holocene was characterized by open mixed woodlands with abundant Pseudotsuga menziesii and a diverse understory including Salix and Rosaceae shrubs and Pteridium aquilinum ferns. The establishment of Quercus garryana savanna-woodland with P. menziesii and Acer macrophyllum followed deposition of the Mazama tephra until ~ 5500 cal yr BP, when these communities gave way to modern mixed P. menziesii forest. Charcoal analyses of the uppermost sediments revealed low charcoal accumulation over the last 1300 years with a mean fire return interval (mFRI) of 88 years. Fires were more frequent (mFRI = 50 yr) during the Medieval Climate Anomaly (MCA) with warm, dry conditions facilitating a higher fire frequency than during the Little Ice Age, when fires were infrequent. Given the projected warming for the next 50-100 years, land managers considering the reintroduction of fire to the Gulf Islands National Park Reserve may want to consider using the mFRI of the MCA as a baseline reference in prescribed burning strategies.

  2. Mycelial carton galleries of Azteca brevis (Formicidae) as a multi-species network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Veronika E.; Voglmayr, Hermann

    2009-01-01

    Apart from growing fungi for nutrition, as seen in the New World Attini, ants cultivate fungi for reinforcement of the walls of their nests or tunnel-shaped runway galleries. These fungi are grown on organic material such as bark, epiphylls or trichomes, and form stable ‘carton structures’. In this study, the carton of the runway galleries built by Azteca brevis (Formicidae, Dolichoderinae) on branches of Tetrathylacium macrophyllum (Flacourtiaceae) is investigated. For the first time, molecular tools are used to address the biodiversity and phylogenetic affinities of fungi involved in tropical ant carton architecture, a previously neglected ant–fungus mutualism. The A. brevis carton involves a complex association of several fungi. All the isolated fungi were unequivocally placed within the Chaetothyriales by DNA sequence data. Whereas five types of fungal hyphae were morphologically distinguishable, our DNA data showed that more species are involved, applying a phylogenetic species concept based on DNA phylogenies and hyphal morphology. In contrast to the New World Attini with their many-to-one (different ant species—one fungal cultivar) pattern, and temperate Lasius with a one-to-two (one ant species—two mutualists) or many-to-one (different ant species share the same mutualist) system, the A. brevis–fungi association is a one-to-many multi-species network. Vertical fungus transmission has not yet been found, indicating that the A. brevis–fungi interaction is rather generalized. PMID:19556257

  3. Convergent structure and function of mycelial galleries in two unrelated Neotropical plant-ants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, V E; Lauth, J; Orivel, J

    2017-01-01

    The construction process and use of galleries by Azteca brevis (Myrmicinae: Dolichoderinae) inhabiting Tetrathylacium macrophyllum (Salicaceae) were compared with Allomerus decemarticulatus (Myrmicinae: Solenopsidini) galleries on Hirtella physophora (Chrysobalanaceae). Though the two ant species are phylogenetically distant, the gallery structure seems to be surprisingly similar and structurally convergent: both are pierced with numerous holes and both ant species use Chaetothyrialean fungi to strengthen the gallery walls. Al. decemarticulatus is known to use the galleries for prey capture and whether this is also the case for Az. brevis was tested in field experiments. We placed Atta workers as potential prey/threat on the galleries and recorded the behaviour of both ant species. We found considerable behavioural differences between them: Al. decemarticulatus was quicker and more efficient at capture than was Az. brevis. While most Atta workers were captured after the first 5 min by Al. decemarticulatus, significantly fewer were captured by Az. brevis even after 20 min. Moreover, the captured Atta were sometimes simply discarded and not taken to the nest by Az. brevis. As a consequence, the major function of the galleries built by Az. brevis may, therefore, be defense against intruders in contrast to Al. decemarticulatus which uses them mainly for prey capture. This may be due to a higher need for protein in Al. decemarticulatus compared to coccid-raising Az. brevis.

  4. New Recorded Plants from Hunan Province of China(Ⅱ)%湖南省新记录植物(Ⅱ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻勋林; 刘克明; 谷志容

    2007-01-01

    在鉴定2006年以及以前调查采集、拍摄的植物中,共鉴定出湖南新记录种16个,即:卵叶卷耳Cerastium wilsonii Takeda、圆穗蓼Polygonum macrophyllum D.Don、齿裂大戟Euphorbia dentate Miehx.、柳叶绣球Hydrangea stenophylla Merr.et Chun、阔叶丰花草Spermacoce latifolia Aubl.、串叶松香草Silphium perfoliatum Linn.、聚合草Symphytum officinale Linn.、三裂叶薯Ipomoeatriloba Linn.、鱼黄草Merremia hederacea(Burm.F.)Hall.f.、菱叶直瓣苣苔Ancylostcmon rhombifolius K.Y.Pan、江西半蒴苣苔Hemiboea subacaulis Hand.-Mazz.var.jiangxiensis Z.Y.Li、闽赣长蒴苣苔Didymocarpus heucherifolius Hand.-Mazz.、大花万寿竹Disporum megalanthum F.T.Wang et T.Tang、少花万寿竹Disporum uniflorum Baker、花格斑叶兰Goodyera kwangtungensis C.L.Tso、翘距虾脊兰Calanthe aristulifera Rchb.f..其中丰花草属Spermacoce、鱼黄草属Merremia、直瓣苣苔属Ancylostemon 3属为湖南省新记录属.

  5. Diversity and distribution patterns of root-associated fungi on herbaceous plants in alpine meadows of southwestern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Qian; Yang, Zhu L

    2016-01-01

    The diversity of root-associated fungi associated with four ectomycorrhizal herbaceous species, Kobresia capillifolia, Carex parva, Polygonum macrophyllum and Potentilla fallens, collected in three sites of alpine meadows in southwestern China, was estimated based on internal transcribed spacer (ITS) rDNA sequence analysis of root tips. Three hundred seventy-seven fungal sequences sorted to 154 operational taxonomical units (sequence similarity of ≥ 97% across the ITS) were obtained from the four plant species across all three sites. Similar taxa (in GenBank with ≥ 97% similarity) were not found in GenBank and/or UNITE for most of the OTUs. Ectomycorrhiz a made up 64% of the fungi operational taxonomic units (OTUs), endophytes constituted 4% and the other 33% were unidentified root-associated fungi. Fungal OTUs were represented by 57% basidiomycetes and 43% ascomycetes. Inocybe, Tomentella/Thelophora, Sebacina, Hebeloma, Pezizomycotina, Cenococcum geophilum complex, Cortinarius, Lactarius and Helotiales were OTU-rich fungal lineages. Across the sites and host species the root-associated fungal communities generally exhibited low host and site specificity but high host and sampling site preference. Collectively our study revealed noteworthy diversity and endemism of root-associated fungi of alpine plants in this global biodiversity hotspot.

  6. Floristic study of Cheondeungsan Mountain in Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ro-Young Lee

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The distribution of native plants of Cheondeungsan Mountain (807 m, N 37°05'00“–37°05'30”, E 128°00'0“–128°02'0” in Chungcheongbuk-do was determined and the major flora were identified. During field investigations carried out from May 2011 to October 2011, 87 families, 254 genera, and 369 taxonomic groups (327 species, 4 subspecies, 33 varieties, and 5 forms were confirmed, and the distribution of 219 taxonomic groups was discovered for the first time. The distribution of four endemic plants of Korea, including Ajuga spectabilis Nakai and Salvia chanryoenica Nakai, and that of Penthorum chinense Pursh, a Grade V specific plant species, was found. There were 20 taxa of naturalized plants at Cheondeungsan; the growth and development of plants that are harmful to the ecosystem, such as Ambrosia artemisiifolia L., Ambrosia trifida L., Eupatorium rugosum Houtt., and Aster pilosus Willd., was observed around the forest paths and lowlands.

  7. UPLC-MS/MS Profile of Alkaloids with Cytotoxic Properties of Selected Medicinal Plants of the Berberidaceae and Papaveraceae Families

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Och

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Cancer is one of the most occurring diseases in developed and developing countries. Plant-based compounds are still researched for their anticancer activity and for their quantity in plants. Therefore, the modern chromatographic methods are applied to quantify them in plants, for example, UPLC-MS/MS (ultraperformance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the content of sanguinarine, berberine, protopine, and chelidonine in Dicentra spectabilis (L. Lem., Fumaria officinalis L., Glaucium flavum Crantz, Corydalis cava L., Berberis thunbergii DC., Meconopsis cambrica (L. Vig., Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh Nutt., Macleaya cordata Willd., and Chelidonium majus L. For the first time, N,N-dimethyl-hernovine was identified in M. cambrica, B. thunbergii, M. aquifolium, C. cava, G. flavum, and C. majus; methyl-hernovine was identified in G. flavum; columbamine was identified in B. thunbergii; and methyl-corypalmine, chelidonine, and sanguinarine were identified in F. officinalis L. The richest source of protopine among all the examined species was M. cordata (5463.64 ± 26.3 μg/g. The highest amounts of chelidonine and sanguinarine were found in C. majus (51,040.0 ± 1.8 μg/g and 7925.8 ± 3.3 μg/g, resp., while B. thunbergi contained the highest amount of berberine (6358.4 ± 4.2 μg/g.

  8. Genome evolution of intermediate wheatgrass as revealed by EST-SSR markers developed from its three progenitor diploid species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Richard R-C; Larson, Steve R; Jensen, Kevin B; Bushman, B Shaun; DeHaan, Lee R; Wang, Shuwen; Yan, Xuebing

    2015-02-01

    Intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium (Host) Barkworth & D.R. Dewey), a segmental autoallohexaploid (2n = 6x = 42), is not only an important forage crop but also a valuable gene reservoir for wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) improvement. Throughout the scientific literature, there continues to be disagreement as to the origin of the different genomes in intermediate wheatgrass. Genotypic data obtained from newly developed EST-SSR primers derived from the putative progenitor diploid species Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh) Á. Löve (St genome), Thinopyrum bessarabicum (Savul. & Rayss) Á. Löve (J = J(b) = E(b)), and Thinopyrum elongatum (Host) D. Dewey (E = J(e) = E(e)) indicate that the V genome of Dasypyrum (Coss. & Durieu) T. Durand is not one of the three genomes in intermediate wheatgrass. Based on all available information in the literature and findings in this study, the genomic designation of intermediate wheatgrass should be changed to J(vs)J(r)St, where J(vs) and J(r) represent ancestral genomes of present-day J(b) of Th. bessarabicum and J(e) of Th. elongatum, with J(vs) being more ancient. Furthermore, the information suggests that the St genome in intermediate wheatgrass is most similar to the present-day St found in diploid species of Pseudoroegneria from Eurasia.

  9. Roegneria alashanica Keng: a species with the StStSt(Y)St(Y) genome constitution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Richard R-C; Jensen, Kevin B

    2017-06-01

    The genome constitution of tetraploid Roegneria alashanica Keng has been in question for a long time. Most scientific studies have suggested that R. alashanica had two versions of the St genome, St1St2, similar to that of Pseudoroegneria elytrigioides (C. Yen & J.L. Yang) B.R. Lu. A study, however, concluded that R. alashanica had the StY genome formula typical for tetraploid species of Roegneria. For the present study, R. alashanica, Elymus longearistatus (Bioss.) Tzvelev (StY genomes), Pseudoroegneria strigosa (M. Bieb.) Á. Löve (St), Pseudoroegneria libanoctica (Hackel) D.R. Dewey (St), and Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh) Á. Löve (St) were screened for the Y-genome specific marker B14(F+R)269. All E. longearistatus plants expressed intense bands specific to the Y genome. Only 6 of 10 R. alashanica plants exhibited relatively faint bands for the STS marker. Previously, the genome in species of Pseudoroegneria exhibiting such faint Y-genome specific marker was designated as St(Y). Based on these results, R. alashanica lacks the Y genome in E. longearistatus but likely possess two remotely related St genomes, St and St(Y). According to its genome constitution, R. alashanica should be classified in the genus Pseudoroenera and given the new name Pseudoroegneria alashanica (Keng) R.R.-C. Wang and K.B. Jensen.

  10. Vine maple (Acer circinatum) clone growth and reproduction in managed and unmanaged coastal Oregon douglas-fir forests

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Dea, Mary E.; Zasada, John C.; Tappeiner, John C.

    1995-01-01

    Vine maple (Acer circinatum Pursh.) clone development, expansion, and regeneration by seedling establishment were studied in 5-240 yr old managed and unmanaged Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) stands in coastal Oregon. Stem length, number of stems, and crown area were all significantly (P @10 m long and basal sprouts 1-2 m long; some stems had been pinned to the forest floor by fallen trees or branches and had layered. In stands >120 yr in age, clones were often quite complex, composed of several decumbent stems each of which connected the ramets of 1-10 new aerial stems. Vine maple clone expansion occurs by the layering of long aerial stems. Over 95% of the layered stems we observed had been pinned to the forest floor by fallen debris. Unsevered stems that we artificially pinned to the forest floor initiated roots within 1 yr. Thinning may favor clonal expansion because fallen slash from thinning often causes entire clones to layer, not just individual stems. Clonal vine maple seed production and seedling establishment occurred in all stages of stand development except dense, young stands following crown closure. There were more seedlings in thinned stands than in unthinned stands and in unburned clearcuts than in burned clearcuts.

  11. Assessment of heavy metal pollution of topsoils and plants in the City of Belgrade

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    Andrejić Gordana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to assess heavy metal pollution in the city of Belgrade (Serbia concentrations of V, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb were measured on 18 topsoil samples collected in the proximity to central urban boulevards and in urban parks. In addition, concentrations of specified elements were determined in leaves of three evergreen plant species Buxus sempervirens L., Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh Nutt. and Prunus laurocerasus L. so as to estimate their sensitivity to heavy metal pollution. Even though various types of soils from different quarts of Belgrade were sampled, their heavy metal contents were very similar, with somewhat higher concentrations of almost all elements detected in the proximity to high traffic roads. Generally, concentrations of heavy metals in leaves of investigated plant species paralleled the heavy metal concentrations found in their respective soils and were higher in plants sampled from boulevards then from urban parks. Since investigated plant show no visible injuries induced by detected heavy metal pollution these species are suitable for the successful urban landscaping. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 173030

  12. Structure and Composition of Old-Growth and Unmanaged Second-Growth Riparian Forests at Redwood National Park, USA

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    Christopher R. Keyes

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Restoration of second-growth riparian stands has become an important issue for managers of redwood (Sequoia sempervirens [D. Don] Endl. forest reserves. Identifying differences between old-growth and second-growth forest vegetation is a necessary step in evaluating restoration needs and targets. The objective of this study was to characterize and contrast vegetation structure and composition in old-growth and unmanaged second-growth riparian forests in adjacent, geomorphologically similar watersheds at Redwood National Park. In the old-growth, redwood was the dominant overstory species in terms of stem density, basal area, and importance values. Second-growth was dominated by red alder (Alnus rubra Bong., Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii [Mirbel] Franco, and redwood. Understory species were similar in both forests, with several key differences: Oxalis oregana Nutt. and Trillium ovatum Pursh had greater importance values in the old-growth, and Vaccinium parvifolium Sm., Dryopteris spp. and sedges Carex spp. had greater importance values in the second-growth. Notable differences in structure and composition suggest that restoration practices such as thinning could expedite the acquisition of old-growth characteristics in second-growth riparian forests.

  13. Revegetation of an abandoned uranium millsite on the Colorado Plateau, Arizona.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glenn, E P; Waugh, W J; Moore, D; McKeon, C; Nelson, S G

    2001-01-01

    We attempted to restore native plants on disturbed sites at a former uranium mill on the Colorado Plateau near Tuba City, AZ. Four-wing saltbush [Atriplex canescens (Pursh) Nutt.] was successfully established in compacted caliche soil and in unconsolidated dune soil when transplants were irrigated through the first summer with 20 L/plant/wk. The caliche soil was ripped before planting to improve water-holding capacity. The diploid saltbush variety, angustifolia, had higher survival and growth than the common tetraploid variety, occidentalis, especially on dune soil. The angustifolia variety grew to 0.3 to 0.4 m3 per plant over 3 yr even though irrigation was provided only during the establishment year. By contrast, direct seeding of a variety of native forbs, grasses, and shrubs yielded poor results, despite supplemental irrigation throughout the first summer. In this arid environment (precipitation = 100 to 200 mm/yr), the most effective revegetation strategy is to establish keystone native shrubs, such as four-wing saltbush, using transplants and irrigation during the establishment year, rather than attempting to establish a diverse plant community all at once.

  14. Phytochemical, Antibacterial, Antifungal and Antioxidant Properties of Agastache foeniculum Essential Oil

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    Mohammad Hashemi

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Phytochemicals are good sources of natural antioxidants and have beneficial effects on human health. Many of phenolic phytochemicals have shown antimicrobial and antifungal activity. Anise hyssop (Agastache foeniculum [Pursh] Kuntze is a perennial aromatic plant of the Lamiaceae family with antimicrobial and antifungal properties and useful for gastrointestinal problems. In this investigation, the antioxidant activity of extracts, their antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, Bacillus cereus, B. subtilis, Salmonella thyphimurium, S. enteritidis, Escherichia coli strains and their antifungal activity against Aspergillus niger and A. flavus was evaluated. Seven components were identified, representing 95.4% of the oils including methyl chavicol (83.1%, limonene (3.4%, spathulenol (3.1% and caryophyllene oxide (3.1%. Agar disk diffusion and broth micro-well dilution assays showed that B. subtilis was the most resistant strain against both of the EOs and E. coli was the most sensitive bacteria. Results of both disc diffusion and MIC showed that the EO was more effective against A. flavus than A. niger. Antioxidant activity of A. foeniculum by DPPH and ABTS assays revealed remarkable antioxidant activities of this EO comparing with BHT. Results of current study indicated that A. foeniculum EOs can be used as a food preservative in having antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activity for the control of food deterioration.

  15. Analysis and distributional patterns of the invasive flora in a protected mountain area - a case study of Medvednica Nature Park (Croatia

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    Nina Vuković

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we have analysed invasive flora of Medvednica Nature Park, Croatia with respect to their origins, life forms, systematic positions, types of seed dispersal, Ellenberg indicator values and spatial distributions using MTB 1/64 grid units for analyses. A total of 27 invasive plant species, belonging to 14 families, were recorded with Asteraceae being the most frequently occurring family. Therophytes were the most common life form, as is generally true of Croatian invasive plants; however, hemicryptophytes and geophytes were more frequent in Medvednica. Here, invasive plants originated mainly from both Americas with slightly lower portion in comparison to all Croatian invasive plants, while contrary was the case when comparing those originated from Asia. The most widespread species was Erigeron annuus (L. Pers., and the species with the lowest occurrence were Chamomilla suaveolens (Pursh. Rydb and Datura innoxia Mill. A multiple regression model explains 44% of the spatial variability in the invasive plants data per MTB 1/64 unit, using the number of all recorded plant species, the average elevation and the lengths of paths and roads as estimators. The latter two variables also had the most influence on the ordination axes in analyses of the spatial distribution of seed dispersal types present in each MTB 1/64 unit. Anemochory was the most frequent type of seed dispersal.

  16. Dexamethasone-Inducible Green Fluorescent Protein Gene Expression in Transgenic Plant Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Tang; Hilary Collver; Katherine Kinken

    2004-01-01

    Genomic research has made a large number of sequences of novel genes or expressed sequence tags available. To investigate functions of these genes, a system for conditional control of gene expression would be a useful tool. Inducible transgene expression that uses green fluorescent protein gene (gfp) as a reporter gene has been investigated in transgenic cell lines of cotton (COT; Gossypium hirsutum L.), Fraser fir [FRA; Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir], Nordmann fir (NOR; Abies nordmanniana Lk.), and rice (RIC; Oryza sativa L. Cv. Radon). Transgenic cell lines were used to test the function of the chemical inducer dexamethasone. Inducible transgene expression was observed with fluorescence and confocal microscopy, and was confirmed by northern blot analyses. Dexamethasone at 5 mg/L induced gfp expression to the nearly highest level 48 h after treatment in COT, FRA, NOR, and RIC. Dexamethasone at 10 mg/L inhibited the growth of transgenic cells in FRA and NOR, but not COT and RIC. These results demonstrated that concentrations of inducer for optimum inducible gene expression system varied among transgenic cell lines. The inducible gene expression system described here was very effective and could be valuable in evaluating the function of novel gene.

  17. Sesquiterpene lactones from the Yugoslavian wild growing plant families Asteraceae and Apiaceae (REVIEW

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    MILUTIN STEFANOVIC

    1999-08-01

    Full Text Available 1. Introduction 2. Results 3. Asteraceae 3.1. Genus Artemisia L. 3.1.1. Artemisia annua L. 3.1.2. Artemisia vulgaris L. 3.1.3. Artemisia absinthium L. (warmwood 3.1.4. Artemisia scoparia W. et K. 3.1.5. Artemisia camprestris L. 3.2. Genus Ambrosia L. 3.2.1. Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. (the common rag weed 3.3. Genus Tanacetum L. (syn. Chrysanthemum L. 3.3.1. Tanacetum parthenium L. (feverfew 3.3.2. Tanacetum serotinum L. 3.3.3. Tanacetum vulgare L. (tansy 3.3.4. Tanacetum macrophyllum Willd. 3.3.5. Tanacetum corymbosum L. 3.4. Genus Telekia Baumg. 3.4.1. Telekia speciosa (Schreb. Baumg. 3.5. Genus Inula L. 3.5.1. Inula helenium L. 3.5.2. Inula spiraeifolia L. 3.6. Genus Eupatorium L. 3.6.1. Eupatorium cannabinum L. 3.7. Genus Achillea L. 3.7.1. Achillea abrotanoides Vis. 3.7.2. Achillea millefolium subsp. pannonica 3.7.3. Achillea crithmifolia W. et K. 3.7.4. Achillea clypeolata Sibth. et Sm. 3.7.5. Achillea serbica Nyman 3.7.6. Achillea depressa Janka 3.8. Genus Anthemis L. 3.8.1. Anthemis carpatica Willd. 3.8.2. Anthemis cretica L. subsp. cretica 3.9. Genus Centaurea L. 3.9.1. Centaurea derventana Vis. et Panc. 3.9.2. Centaurea kosaninii Hayek 3.9.3. Centaurea solstitialis L. 4. Apiaceae 4.1. Genus Laserpitium L. 4.1.1. Laserpitium siler L. 4.1.2. Laserpitium marginatum L. 4.1.3. Laserpitium latifolium L. 4.1.4. Laserpitium alpinum W. K. 4.2. Genus Angelica L. 4.2.1. Angelica silvestris L. 4.3. Genus Peucedanum L. 4.3.1. Peucedanum austriacum (Jacq. Koch

  18. Diversity of Riparian Plants among and within Species Shapes River Communities.

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    Sara L Jackrel

    Full Text Available Organismal diversity among and within species may affect ecosystem function with effects transmitting across ecosystem boundaries. Whether recipient communities adjust their composition, in turn, to maximize their function in response to changes in donor composition at these two scales of diversity is unknown. We use small stream communities that rely on riparian subsidies as a model system. We used leaf pack experiments to ask how variation in plants growing beside streams in the Olympic Peninsula of Washington State, USA affects stream communities via leaf subsidies. Leaves from red alder (Alnus rubra, vine maple (Acer cinereus, bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum and western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla were assembled in leaf packs to contrast low versus high diversity, and deployed in streams to compare local versus non-local leaf sources at the among and within species scales. Leaves from individuals within species decomposed at varying rates; most notably thin leaves decomposed rapidly. Among deciduous species, vine maple decomposed most rapidly, harbored the least algal abundance, and supported the greatest diversity of aquatic invertebrates, while bigleaf maple was at the opposite extreme for these three metrics. Recipient communities decomposed leaves from local species rapidly: leaves from early successional plants decomposed rapidly in stream reaches surrounded by early successional forest and leaves from later successional plants decomposed rapidly adjacent to later successional forest. The species diversity of leaves inconsistently affected decomposition, algal abundance and invertebrate metrics. Intraspecific diversity of leaf packs also did not affect decomposition or invertebrate diversity. However, locally sourced alder leaves decomposed more rapidly and harbored greater levels of algae than leaves sourced from conspecifics growing in other areas on the Olympic Peninsula, but did not harbor greater aquatic invertebrate diversity. In

  19. Canopy soil bacterial communities altered by severing host tree limbs

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    Cody R. Dangerfield

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Trees of temperate rainforests host a large biomass of epiphytic plants, which are associated with soils formed in the forest canopy. Falling of epiphytic material results in the transfer of carbon and nutrients from the canopy to the forest floor. This study provides the first characterization of bacterial communities in canopy soils enabled by high-depth environmental sequencing of 16S rRNA genes. Canopy soil included many of the same major taxonomic groups of Bacteria that are also found in ground soil, but canopy bacterial communities were lower in diversity and contained different operational taxonomic units. A field experiment was conducted with epiphytic material from six Acer macrophyllum trees in Olympic National Park, Washington, USA to document changes in the bacterial communities of soils associated with epiphytic material that falls to the forest floor. Bacterial diversity and composition of canopy soil was highly similar, but not identical, to adjacent ground soil two years after transfer to the forest floor, indicating that canopy bacteria are almost, but not completely, replaced by ground soil bacteria. Furthermore, soil associated with epiphytic material on branches that were severed from the host tree and suspended in the canopy contained altered bacterial communities that were distinct from those in canopy material moved to the forest floor. Therefore, the unique nature of canopy soil bacteria is determined in part by the host tree and not only by the physical environmental conditions associated with the canopy. Connection to the living tree appears to be a key feature of the canopy habitat. These results represent an initial survey of bacterial diversity of the canopy and provide a foundation upon which future studies can more fully investigate the ecological and evolutionary dynamics of these communities.

  20. Filadelfia y la botánica en Norteamérica Philadelphia and the Botany in North America

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    Alina Freire-Fierro

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available El establecimiento y el desarrollo de la investigación botánica en Norteamérica se inician con la fundación de tres instituciones de Filadelfia, la American Philosophical Society en 1743, el Departamento de Botánica de la Universidad de Pennsylvania en 1768 y la Academia de Ciencias Naturales (PH en 1812. Algunos de los botánicos más influyentes durante los últimos cuatro siglos y en particular durante los siglos XVIII y XIX, vivieron en Filadelfia, entre ellos William Bartram (1699-1777, fundador del primer jardín botánico de Norteamérica, Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815, escritor del primer libro de texto de botánica en Estados Unidos y posiblemente en toda América, Federico Pursh (1774-1820, autor de una de las floras norteamericanas más completas del siglo XIX, Thomas Nuttall (1786-1859, autor de la primera flora norteamericana a nivel continental y Lewis David von Schweinitz (1780-1834, ampliamente reconocido como el padre de la micología norteamericana. Aunque la botánica alcanzó su cenit en Filadelfia durante el siglo XIX, continúa hoy contribuyendo al desarrollo de la botánica, gracias al aporte de muchas instituciones. El Herbario PH con sus más de 1,4 millones de especímenes y con la proporción más alta de tipos/totalidad de especímenes de todos los herbarios en los Estados Unidos, continúa siendo una fuente importante para estudios sistemáticos, no solo de taxones norteamericanos, sino también de otras regiones del mundo.The establishment and development of botanical research in North America began with the foundation of three Philadelphian institutions: The American Philosophical Society in 1743, the Botany Department at University of Pennsylvania in 1768 and the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia in 1812. Some of the most influential botanists of the last four centuries, and in particular, the 18th and 19th centuries lived in Philadelphia, including William Bartram (1699-1777, founder of the

  1. Continued Selenium Biofortification of Carrots and Broccoli Grown in Soils Once Amended with Se-enriched S. pinnata.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bañuelos, Gary S; Arroyo, Irvin S; Dangi, Sadikshya R; Zambrano, Maria C

    2016-01-01

    Selenium (Se) biofortification has been practiced in Se-deficient regions throughout the world primarily by adding inorganic sources of Se to the soil. Considering the use of adding organic sources of Se could be useful as an alternative Se amendment for the production of Se-biofortified food crops. In this multi-year micro-plot study, we investigate growing carrots and broccoli in soils that had been previously amended with Se-enriched Stanleya pinnata Pursh (Britton) three and 4 years prior to planting one and two, respectively. Results showed that total and extractable Se concentrations in soils (0-30 cm) were 1.65 mg kg(-1) and 88 μg L(-1), and 0.92 mg kg(-1) and 48.6 μg L(-1) at the beginning of the growing season for planting one and two, respectively. After each respective growing season, total Se concentrations in the broccoli florets and carrots ranged from 6.99 to 7.83 mg kg(-1) and 3.15 to 6.25 mg kg(-1) in planting one and two, respectively. In broccoli and carrot plant tissues, SeMet (selenomethionine) was the predominant selenoamino acid identified in Se aqueous extracts. In postharvest soils from planting one, phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analyses showed that amending the soil with S. pinnata exerted no effect on the microbial biomass, AMF (arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi), actinomycetes and Gram-positive and bacterial PLFA at both 0-5 and 0-30 cm, respectively, 3 years later. Successfully producing Se-enriched broccoli and carrots 3 and 4 years later after amending soil with Se-enriched S. pinnata clearly demonstrates its potential source as an organic Se enriched fertilizer for Se-deficient regions.

  2. Is There Synchronicity in Nitrogen Input and Output Fluxes at the Noland Divide Watershed, a Small N-Saturated Forested Catchment in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Van Miegroet

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available High-elevation red spruce [Picea rubens Sarg.]-Fraser fir [Abies fraseri (Pursh. Poir] forests in the Southern Appalachians currently receive large nitrogen (N inputs via atmospheric deposition (30 kg N ha�1 year�1 but have limited N retention capacity due to a combination of stand age, heavy fir mortality caused by exotic insect infestations, and numerous gaps caused by windfalls and ice storms. This study examined the magnitude and timing of the N fluxes into, through, and out of a small, first-order catchment in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. It also examined the role of climatic conditions in causing interannual variations in the N output signal. About half of the atmospheric N input was exported annually in the streamwater, primarily as nitrate (NO3-N. While most incoming ammonium (NH4-N was retained in the canopy and the forest floor, the NO3-N fluxes were very dynamic in space as well as in time. There was a clear decoupling between NO3-N input and output fluxes. Atmospheric N input was greatest in the growing season while largest NO3-N losses typically occurred in the dormant season. Also, as water passed through the various catchment compartments, the NO3-N flux declined below the canopy, increased in the upper soil due to internal N mineralization and nitrification, and declined again deeper in the mineral soil due to plant uptake and microbial processing. Temperature control on N production and hydrologic control on NO3-N leaching during the growing season likely caused the observed inter-annual variation in fall peak NO3-N concentrations and N discharge rates in the stream.

  3. Continued Selenium Biofortification of Carrots and Broccoli Grown in Soils Once Amended with Se-enriched S. pinnata

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bañuelos, Gary S.; Arroyo, Irvin S.; Dangi, Sadikshya R.; Zambrano, Maria C.

    2016-01-01

    Selenium (Se) biofortification has been practiced in Se-deficient regions throughout the world primarily by adding inorganic sources of Se to the soil. Considering the use of adding organic sources of Se could be useful as an alternative Se amendment for the production of Se-biofortified food crops. In this multi-year micro-plot study, we investigate growing carrots and broccoli in soils that had been previously amended with Se-enriched Stanleya pinnata Pursh (Britton) three and 4 years prior to planting one and two, respectively. Results showed that total and extractable Se concentrations in soils (0–30 cm) were 1.65 mg kg-1 and 88 μg L-1, and 0.92 mg kg-1 and 48.6 μg L-1 at the beginning of the growing season for planting one and two, respectively. After each respective growing season, total Se concentrations in the broccoli florets and carrots ranged from 6.99 to 7.83 mg kg-1 and 3.15 to 6.25 mg kg-1 in planting one and two, respectively. In broccoli and carrot plant tissues, SeMet (selenomethionine) was the predominant selenoamino acid identified in Se aqueous extracts. In postharvest soils from planting one, phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) analyses showed that amending the soil with S. pinnata exerted no effect on the microbial biomass, AMF (arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi), actinomycetes and Gram-positive and bacterial PLFA at both 0–5 and 0–30 cm, respectively, 3 years later. Successfully producing Se-enriched broccoli and carrots 3 and 4 years later after amending soil with Se-enriched S. pinnata clearly demonstrates its potential source as an organic Se enriched fertilizer for Se-deficient regions. PMID:27602038

  4. Continued selenium biofortification of carrots and broccoli grown in soils once amended with Se-enriched S. pinnata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gary S. Bañuelos

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Selenium (Se biofortification has been practiced in Se-deficient regions throughout the world primarily by adding inorganic sources of Se to the soil. Considering the use of adding organic sources of Se could be useful as an alternative Se amendment for the production of Se-biofortified food crops. In this multi-year micro-plot study, we investigate growing carrots and broccoli in soils that had been previously amended with Se-enriched Stanleya pinnata Pursh (Britton three and four years prior to planting one and two, respectively. Results showed that total and extractable Se concentrations in soils (0-30 cm were 1.65 mg kg-1 and 88 µg L-1, and 0.92 mg kg-1 and 48.6 µg L-1 at the beginning of the growing season for planting one and two, respectively. After each respective growing season, total Se concentrations in the broccoli florets and carrots ranged from 6.99 to 7.83 mg kg-1 and 3.15 to 6.25 mg kg-1 in planting one and two, respectively. In broccoli and carrot plant tissues, SeMet (selenomethionine was the predominant selenoamino acid identified in Se aqueous extracts. In postharvest soils from planting one, phospholipid analyses (PLFA showed that amending the soil with S. pinnata exerted no effect on the microbial biomass, AMF (arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, actinomycetes and Gram-positive and bacterial PLFA at both 0-5 and 0-30 cm, respectively, three years later. Successfully producing Se-enriched broccoli and carrots three and four years later after amending soil with Se-enriched S. pinnata clearly demonstrates its potential source as an organic Se enriched fertilizer for Se-deficient regions.

  5. Simultaneous visualization of different genomes (J, JSt and St) in a Thinopyrum intermedium × Thinopyrum ponticum synthetic hybrid (Poaceae) and in its parental species by multicolour genomic in situ hybridization (mcGISH).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruppa, Klaudia; Molnár-Láng, Márta

    2016-01-01

    Multicolour genomic in situ hybridization (mcGISH) using total genomic DNA probes from Thinopyrum bessarabicum (Săvulescu & Rayss, 1923) Á. Löve, 1984 (genome J(b) or E(b), 2n = 14), and Pseudoroegneria spicata (Pursh, 1814) Á. Löve, 1980 (genome St, 2n = 14) was used to characterize the mitotic metaphase chromosomes of a synthetic hybrid of Thinopyrum intermedium (Host, 1805) Barkworth & D.R. Dewey, 1985 and Thinopyrum ponticum (Podpěra, 1902) Z.-W. Liu et R.-C.Wang, 1993 named "Agropyron glael" and produced by N.V. Tsitsin in the former Soviet Union. The mcGISH pattern of this synthetic hybrid was compared to its parental wheatgrass species. Hexaploid Thinopyrum intermedium contained 19 J, 9 J(St) and 14 St chromosomes. The three analysed Thinopyrum ponticum accessions had different chromosome compositions: 43 J + 27 J(St) (PI531737), 40 J + 30 J(St) (VIR-44486) and 38 J + 32 J(St) (D-3494). The synthetic hybrid carried 18 J, 28 J(St) and 8 St chromosomes, including one pair of J-St translocation and/or decreased fluorescent intensity, resulting in unique hybridization patterns. Wheat line Mv9kr1 was crossed with the Thinopyrum intermedium × Thinopyrum ponticum synthetic hybrid in Hungary in order to transfer its advantageous agronomic traits (leaf rust and yellow rust resistance) into wheat. The chromosome composition of a wheat/A.glael F1 hybrid was 21 wheat + 28 wheatgrass (11 J + 14 J(St)+ 3 S). In the present study, mcGISH involving the simultaneous use of St and J genomic DNA as probes provided information about the type of Thinopyrum chromosomes in a Thinopyrum intermedium/Thinopyrum ponticum synthetic hybrid called A. glael.

  6. A common-garden study of resource-island effects on a native and an exotic, annual grass after fire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoover, Amber N.; Germino, Matthew J.

    2012-01-01

    Plant-soil variation related to perennial-plant resource islands (coppices) interspersed with relatively bare interspaces is a major source of heterogeneity in desert rangelands. Our objective was to determine how native and exotic grasses vary on coppice mounds and interspaces (microsites) in unburned and burned sites and underlying factors that contribute to the variation in sagebrush-steppe rangelands of the Idaho National Lab, where interspaces typically have abiotic crusts. We asked how the exotic cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum L.) and native bluebunch wheatgrass (Pseudoroegneria spicata [Pursh] A. Löve) were distributed among the microsites and measured their abundances in three replicate wildfires and nearby unburned areas. We conducted a common-garden study in which soil cores from each burned microsite type were planted with seed of either species to determine microsite effects on establishment and growth of native and exotic grasses. We assessed soil physical properties in the common-garden study to determine the intrinsic properties of each microsite surface and the retention of microsite soil differences following transfer of soils to the garden, to plant growth, and to wetting/drying cycles. In the field study, only bluebunch wheatgrass density was greater on coppice mounds than interspaces, in both unburned and burned areas. In the common-garden experiment, there were microsite differences in soil physical properties, particularly in crust hardness and its relationship to moisture, but soil properties were unaffected by plant growth. Also in the experiment, both species had equal densities yet greater dry mass production on coppice-mound soils compared to interspace soils, suggesting microsite differences in growth but not establishment (likely related to crust weakening resulting from watering). Coppice-interspace patterning and specifically native-herb recovery on coppices is likely important for postfire resistance of this rangeland to cheatgrass.

  7. Whole-plant allocation to storage and defense in juveniles of related evergreen and deciduous shrub species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyka, T P; Karolewski, P; Żytkowiak, R; Chmielarz, P; Oleksyn, J

    2016-05-01

    In evergreen plants, old leaves may contribute photosynthate to initiation of shoot growth in the spring. They might also function as storage sites for carbohydrates and nitrogen (N). We hence hypothesized that whole-plant allocation of carbohydrates and N to storage in stems and roots may be lower in evergreen than in deciduous species. We selected three species pairs consisting of an evergreen and a related deciduous species: Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt. and Berberis vulgaris L. (Berberidaceae), Prunus laurocerasus L. and Prunus serotina Ehrh. (Rosaceae), and Viburnum rhytidophyllum Hemsl. and Viburnum lantana L. (Adoxaceae). Seedlings were grown outdoors in pots and harvested on two dates during the growing season for the determination of biomass, carbohydrate and N allocation ratios. Plant size-adjusted pools of nonstructural carbohydrates in stems and roots were lower in the evergreen species of Berberidaceae and Adoxaceae, and the slope of the carbohydrate pool vs plant biomass relationship was lower in the evergreen species of Rosaceae compared with the respective deciduous species, consistent with the leading hypothesis. Pools of N in stems and roots, however, did not vary with leaf habit. In all species, foliage contained more than half of the plant's nonstructural carbohydrate pool and, in late summer, also more than half of the plant's N pool, suggesting that in juvenile individuals of evergreen species, leaves may be a major storage site. Additionally, we hypothesized that concentration of defensive phenolic compounds in leaves should be higher in evergreen than in deciduous species, because the lower carbohydrate pool in stems and roots of the former restricts their capacity for regrowth following herbivory and also because of the need to protect their longer-living foliage. Our results did not support this hypothesis, suggesting that evergreen plants may rely predominantly on structural defenses. In summary, our study indicates that leaf habit has

  8. 高效液相色谱测定蕨类植物中氨基酸含量%Determination of Amino Acid Content in Five Species of Fern by HPLC with Precolumn Derivation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘恒霞; 余鹏; 王慧忠

    2011-01-01

    以5种蕨类植物(大羽贯众、美丽复叶耳蕨、黄山鳞毛蕨、狗脊蕨和紫萁)根状茎为研究材料,利用邻苯二甲醛柱前衍生高效液相色谱法分析了材料中的氨基酸成分.鉴于材料中蛋白质含量较低,测定方法中增加了样品的使用量并采用了梯度洗脱程序.结果表明,测试的5种蕨类植物所含总氨基酸含量较低,很少有超过5%,尤其在狗脊蕨中只有1.74%.在所测定的17种氨基酸中,5种蕨类植物所含氨基酸含量之间的差异并不是非常显著,只有蛋氨酸含量差异较大.其中,紫萁根状茎中蛋氨酸含量最高,达到0.035%,美丽复叶耳蕨中蛋氨酸含量未被检出.基于柱前衍生的高效液相色谱法同样适合测定蕨类植物样品中的氨基酸含量.%The amino acid content in Cytomium macrophyllum Tagawa, Dryopteris hwangshanensis Ching,Woodwardia japonica ( L. f. ) Sm. , Arachniodes amoena ( Ching) Ching and Osmunda japonica Thunb. Was determined by HPLC with precolumn derivacion. As these samples contained low protein, the determination could be done by increased the biological sample, and by HPLC with gradient elucion. The results showed that the samples of 5 tested fem species all contained low amino acids, and the amino acid content in Arachaiodes amoena was only 1.74%. There was a little difference of content of the amino acids in these fems, but methionine. For example,there was 0.035% , the highest content of methionine in Osmunda japonica but few in Dryopteris hwangshanensis Ching. The HPLC with precolumn derivation could be used to determine amjno acid content in fern samples.

  9. Ethnomedicines used in Trinidad and Tobago for reproductive problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lans Cheryl

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Throughout history women have tried to control or enhance their fertility using herbal remedies, with various levels of societal support. Caribbean folk medicine has been influenced by European folk medicine, either through the early Spanish and French settlers or through the continuous immigration of Spanish-speaking peoples from Venezuela. Some folk uses are ancient and were documented by Galen and Pliny the Elder. Methods Thirty respondents, ten of whom were male were interviewed from September 1996 to September 2000. The respondents were obtained by snowball sampling, and were found in thirteen different sites, 12 in Trinidad (Paramin, Talparo, Sangre Grande, Mayaro, Carapichaima, Kernahan, Newlands, Todd's Road, Arima, Guayaguayare, Santa Cruz, Port of Spain and Siparia and one in Tobago (Mason Hall. Snowball sampling was used because there was no other means of identifying respondents and to cover the entire islands. The validation of the remedies was conducted with a non-experimental method. Results Plants are used for specific problems of both genders. Clusea rosea, Urena sinuata and Catharanthus roseus are used for unspecified male problems. Richeria grandis and Parinari campestris are used for erectile dysfunction. Ageratum conyzoides, Scoparia dulcis, Cucurbita pepo, Cucurbita maxima, Gomphrena globosa and Justicia pectoralis are used for prostate problems. The following plants are used for childbirth and infertility: Mimosa pudica, Ruta graveolens, Abelmoschus moschatus, Chamaesyce hirta, Cola nitida, Ambrosia cumanenesis, Pilea microphylla, Eryngium foetidum, Aristolochia rugosa, Aristolochia trilobata, Coleus aromaticus, Laportea aestuans and Vetiveria zizanioides. The following plants are used for menstrual pain and unspecified female complaints: Achyranthes indica, Artemisia absinthium, Brownea latifolia, Eleutherine bulbosa, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Eupatorium macrophyllum, Justicia secunda, Parthenium

  10. Ethnomedicines used in Trinidad and Tobago for reproductive problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lans, Cheryl

    2007-03-15

    Throughout history women have tried to control or enhance their fertility using herbal remedies, with various levels of societal support. Caribbean folk medicine has been influenced by European folk medicine, either through the early Spanish and French settlers or through the continuous immigration of Spanish-speaking peoples from Venezuela. Some folk uses are ancient and were documented by Galen and Pliny the Elder. Thirty respondents, ten of whom were male were interviewed from September 1996 to September 2000. The respondents were obtained by snowball sampling, and were found in thirteen different sites, 12 in Trinidad (Paramin, Talparo, Sangre Grande, Mayaro, Carapichaima, Kernahan, Newlands, Todd's Road, Arima, Guayaguayare, Santa Cruz, Port of Spain and Siparia) and one in Tobago (Mason Hall). Snowball sampling was used because there was no other means of identifying respondents and to cover the entire islands. The validation of the remedies was conducted with a non-experimental method. Plants are used for specific problems of both genders. Clusea rosea, Urena sinuata and Catharanthus roseus are used for unspecified male problems. Richeria grandis and Parinari campestris are used for erectile dysfunction. Ageratum conyzoides, Scoparia dulcis, Cucurbita pepo, Cucurbita maxima, Gomphrena globosa and Justicia pectoralis are used for prostate problems. The following plants are used for childbirth and infertility: Mimosa pudica, Ruta graveolens, Abelmoschus moschatus, Chamaesyce hirta, Cola nitida, Ambrosia cumanenesis, Pilea microphylla, Eryngium foetidum, Aristolochia rugosa, Aristolochia trilobata, Coleus aromaticus, Laportea aestuans and Vetiveria zizanioides. The following plants are used for menstrual pain and unspecified female complaints: Achyranthes indica, Artemisia absinthium, Brownea latifolia, Eleutherine bulbosa, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Eupatorium macrophyllum, Justicia secunda, Parthenium hysterophorus, Wedelia trilobata, Abelmoschus moschatus

  11. ALGUNAS CONSIDERACIONES CONTEXTUALES EN TORNO AL PRIMER VIAJE A JAPÓN DE JACQUES LACAN (1963 Contextual considerations on the subject of lacan’s first trip to japan (1963

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercè Altimir

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Nuestro propósito es dar a conocer la importancia y el influjo de la cultura y el pensamiento oriental y Japón en la obra de Lacan, para cuya tarea hemos tomado el eje del viaje que realizó al archipiélago en la primavera de A partir de esta coordenada de tiempo hemos retrocedido hasta la presencia del país oriental en la obra de Sigmund Freud y hemos referido la mención del mikado y de los ainus en Tótem y tabú. En cuanto al budismo, centro del interés de Lacan en este primer viaje a las islas, Freud se mostró cauto, reticente, incluso hostil. Lacan, en cambio, se entusiasma por oriente y se interesa por el budismo, en especial por el zen. Hemos seleccionado los comentarios que hizo a su regreso de Japón. En los mismos, el psicoanalista francés pone el dedo en la llaga y nos habla del escamoteo que sufre la sexualidad femenina en el budismo, lo que le sirve de aviso para orientar la práctica del psicoanálisis.My aim in this paper is to make known the importance and influence of Eastern culture and thought and of Japan on Lacan’s works. I have taken as a starting point the trip he made to this country during the spring of 1963. After this I have gone backwards to consider the presence of Japan in Sigmund Freud’s works, calling attention to his mention of the Mikado and the Ainu in Totem and Taboo. Towards Buddhism, which was the focus of Lacan’s interest in this first trip to the archipelago, Freud was cautious, reticent and even hostile. Lacan, on the other hand, was enthusiastic about Orient and interested in Buddhism, especially in Zen. I have made a selection of the comments he made on his return from Japan, in which he pointed out weaknesses and commented on how feminine sexuality is eschewed in Buddhism, which he took note of in order to direct his practice in psychoanalysis accordingly.

  12. Sisseminekuks : [luuletused] / Anna Haava ; [Impressioonid]: Viiu Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haava, Anna, pseud., 1864-1957

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: Sisseminekuks ; Kartus ; Ööbikule ; Käokene, kuldalindu ; Mis sa tahad, kevade? ; Ei tule uni ; Hoia ennast; Tuksuv süda ; Sina oled kelm ; Hinge hellal' igatsusel' ; Kõik kallile ; Soov ; Unes nägin ; Võin ; Sinu silmad ; Sinu silmist pilk ; Kallis, sul on kuldne süda ; Sa kõige armsam mulle ; Oh võiksin ; Lill ; Nõmmelill ; Meie Mihkel ; Koidulale ; Ehitage rahukojad ; Emakeel ; Isamaja ; Väsinud ; Oh kuhu ma lähen? ; Ööbiku surm ; Ei saa mitte vaiki olla ; Ma olen näinud ; Südameta ; Sellepärast ; See oli ilusal õiekuul; Esimese lume ajal ; Mina vaat'sin muru pääle ; Ikka kurjalt sa mind vaatad ; Oh ma isegi ei tea ; Mis on luule paljalt sõnas? ; Oh oleksin ära surnud ; Lee ääres ; Sinu nimi ; Hoia vahest aken lahti ; Jumalaga jättes vaat'sid ; Ma laulan ; Ei oma õnne peita ; Küll oli ilus mu õieke ; Oh ära sa küsi ; Ei tule luule tuulest ; Köögis seisab ; Järv leegib eha paistel ; Sinu vanaema ; Nii ta on ; Tead küll, mu kuldkallis ; Ma lähen üle nõmme ; Lenda, lepatriinuke ; Vesi voolab, vesi kohab ; Üks ainus kord ; Oh kevade, oh õie-aeg ; Suur kontsert ; Kuupaistel ; Mets kohiseb ; Lind läks magama ; Kui sa tuled, too mull' lilli ; Sinilillekesed ; Ei ole sina minu ingel ; Ei mina õnne usu ; Viimast laulu ei saa laulda ; Kõige ilusam luule ; Üks on minul püham koda! ; Sa oled suurem kui su saatus ; Mu kodumaa, kus oled sa? ; Eest ära! ; Kui kandlekeeled katkevad ; Ma kõnnin koiduvalgel ; Mu mured kõik matsin ma maha ; Kui ma sulle armas olen ; Kas tahad tulla minuga? ; Sa vaata ette, süda! ; Truus sõpruses ma tahan ; Su silmade sügavuses ; Siis mine! ; See oli siis ; Mu süda usub ; Sind teretame, kuldapäike ; Mind jumalaga jätsid ; Sääl kord kasvab kaunis kodu ; Me oleme põhjamaa lapsed ; Hilised lilled ; Sa küsid, kus mu kodu ; külm ; Sina vaikiv, sügav öö ; Ju õitsvad kõik hellerheinad ; Öösünges kohab ; Kui saaks mullegi kord kodu ; On püha mulle mu kodumaa muld ; Oma hind vaid vaba

  13. Selenium removal and mass balance in a constructed flow-through wetland system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, S; Tanji, K K; Lin, Z Q; Terry, N; Peters, D W

    2003-01-01

    A field study on the removal of Se from agricultural subsurface drainage was conducted from May 1997 to February 2001 in the Tulare Lake Drainage District (TLDD) of San Joaquin Valley, California. A flow-through wetland system was constructed consisting of ten 15- x 76-m unlined cells that were continuously flooded and planted with either a monotype or combination of plants, including sturdy bulrush [Schoenoplectus robustus (Pursh) M.T. Strong], baltic rush (Juncus balticus Willd.), smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora Loisel.), rabbitsfoot grass [Polypogon monspeliensis (L.) Desf.], salt-grass lDistichlis spicata (L.) Greene], cattail (Typha latifolia L.), tule [Schoenoplectus acutus (Muhl. ex Bigelow) A. Löve & D. Löve], and widgeon grass (Ruppia maritima L.). One cell had no vegetation planted. The objectives of this research were to evaluate Se removal efficiency of each wetland cell and to carry out a mass balance on Se. The inflow drainage water to the cells had average annual Se concentrations of 19 to 22 microg L(-1) dominated by selenate [Se(VI), 95%]. Average weekly water residence time varied from about 3 to 15 d for Cells 1 through 7 (target 7 d), 19 to 33 d for Cells 8 and 9 (target 21 d), and 13 to 18 d for Cell 10 (target 14 d). Average weekly Se concentration ratios of outflow to inflow ranged from 0.45 to 0.79 and mass ratio (concentration x water volume) from 0.24 to 0.52 for year 2000, that is, 21 to 55% reduction in Se concentration and 48 to 76% Se removal in mass by the wetland, respectively. The nonvegetated cell showed the least Se removal both in concentration and in mass. The global mass balance showed that on the average about 59% of the total inflow Se was retained within the cells and Se outputs were outflow (35%), seepage (4%), and volatilization (2%). Independent measurements of the Se retained in the cells totaled 53% of the total Se inflow: 33% in the surface (0-20 cm) sediment, 18% in the organic detrital layer above the

  14. Vascular plant biodiversity of the lower Coppermine River valley and vicinity (Nunavut, Canada): an annotated checklist of an Arctic flora

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bull, Roger D.

    2017-01-01

    in the study area. Three new combinations are proposed: Petasites frigidus subsp. sagittatus (Banks ex Pursh) Saarela, Carex petricosa subsp. misandroides (Fernald) Saarela and Carex simpliciuscula subsp. subholarctica (T. V. Egorova) Saarela. PMID:28194307

  15. Two novel techniques to screen Abies seedlings for resistance to the balsam woolly adelgid, Adelges piceae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newton, Leslie; Frampton, John; Monahan, John; Goldfarb, Barry; Hain, Fred

    2011-01-01

    Since its introduction into the Southern Appalachians in the 1950s, the balsam woolly adelgid, Adelges piceae Ratzeburg (Hemiptera: Adelgidae), has devastated native populations of Fraser fir, Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir. (Pinales: Pinaceae), and has become a major pest in Christmas tree plantations requiring expensive chemical treatments. Adelges piceae-resistant Fraser fir trees would lessen costs for the Christmas tree industry and assist in the restoration of native stands. Resistance screening is an important step in this process. Here, four studies directed toward the development of time- and cost-efficient techniques for screening are reported. In the first study, three methods to artificially infest seedlings of different ages were evaluated in a shade-covered greenhouse. Two-year-old seedlings had much lower infestation levels than 7 year-old seedlings. Placing infested bark at the base of the seedling was less effective than tying infested bark to the seedling or suspending infested bolts above the seedling. Although the two latter techniques resulted in similar densities on the seedlings, they each have positive and negative considerations. Attaching bark to uninfested trees is effective, but very time consuming. The suspended bolt method mimics natural infestation and is more economical than attaching bark, but care must be taken to ensure an even distribution of crawlers falling onto the seedlings. The second study focused on the density and distribution of crawlers falling from suspended bolts onto paper gridded into 7.6 × 7.6 cm cells. Crawler density in a 30 cm band under and to each side of the suspended bolt ranged from 400 to over 3000 crawlers per cell (1 to 55 crawlers per cm²). In the third study, excised branches from 4 year-old A. fraseri and A. vetchii seedlings were artificially infested with A. piceae to determine whether this technique may be useful for early resistance screening. The excised A. fraseri branches supported complete