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Sample records for macmillan scribner uxl

  1. "U-X-L Encyclopedia of U. S. History" Hones Students' Subject Search and Indexing Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krueger, Karla

    2010-01-01

    This article features the "U-X-L Encyclopedia of U.S. History" by Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine is a new eight-volume set available in print or ebook (2009). The set has 1,745 pages and 677 entries ranging from just under one page to around eight pages in length. The ebook option may be accessed through Gale…

  2. "U-X-L Encyclopedia of U. S. History" Hones Students' Subject Search and Indexing Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krueger, Karla

    2010-01-01

    This article features the "U-X-L Encyclopedia of U.S. History" by Sonia Benson, Daniel E. Brannen, Jr., and Rebecca Valentine is a new eight-volume set available in print or ebook (2009). The set has 1,745 pages and 677 entries ranging from just under one page to around eight pages in length. The ebook option may be accessed through Gale Virtual…

  3. Trends in lumber processing in the western United States. Part I: board foot Scribner volume per cubic foot of timber

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles E. Keegan; Todd A. Morgan; Keith A. Blatner; Jean M. Daniels

    2010-01-01

    This article describes trends in board foot Scribner volume per cubic foot of timber for logs processed by sawmills in the western United States. Board foot to cubic foot (BF/CF) ratios for the period from 2000 through 2006 ranged from 3.70 in Montana to 5.71 in the Four Corners Region (Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah). Sawmills in the Four Corners Region,...

  4. District nurses' triggers for referral of patients to the Macmillan nurse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aitken, Alexandra

    2006-03-01

    This study aimed to identify the triggers which motivate district nurses to refer patients to the Macmillan nursing service and resulted from observation within the researcher's clinical practice, when it was noted that referral patterns from district nurses to the Macmillan nursing service were very inconsistent. A qualitative exploratory descriptive design was utilised and the analysis of the findings identified three 'key' themes, which motivate district nurses to refer: knowledge and skills, interprofessional issues and perception of Macmillan. Within each theme emerged an amalgam of triggers which were complex in nature, pertaining not only to patient need, but also to the needs of the district nursing service. However, it became apparent during the analysis that there was also a lack of knowledge regarding the role of the Macmillan nurse. This lack of knowledge relating to the Macmillan nurse role had been affirmed previously by several authors (Graves and Nash 1993, Clark et al 2002, Ahmed et al 2004) but the literature also reported that the Macmillan nurse role was open to confusion (Clark et al 2002, Corner 2003). This confusion may potentially affect referrals and prevent patients from receiving the services of the Macmillan nurse. This study has established a need for the development of referral criteria into the Macmillan nursing service and that there is also an identified need for further research, providing scope for the Macmillan nurse and district nurse to work collaboratively to improve palliative services in the community.

  5. Rhizobium giardinii is the microsymbiont of Illinois bundleflower (Desmanthus illinoensis (Michx.) Macmillan) in midwestern prairies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beyhaut, Elena; Tlusty, Becki; van Berkum, Peter; Graham, Peter H

    2006-09-01

    Illinois bundleflower (Desmanthus illinoensis (Michx.) Macmillan) has potential as a grain and forage legume for the American Midwest. Inoculant-quality rhizobia for this legume have been identified but not previously characterized. Rhizobia trapped from 20 soils in the natural range of the Illinois bundleflower had characteristics that placed them overwhelmingly within the species Rhizobium giardinii, one of the few occasions this species has been recovered from legumes, raising questions on the biogeography and spread of midwestern prairie rhizobia.

  6. Macmillan nurse facilitators: conducting a training needs assessment for district nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Hara, Annette; Byron, Shirley; Moriarty, Deirdre

    2007-12-01

    This article will describe how Macmillan nurse facilitators conducted a training needs analysis in order to inform and develop an education programme in palliative care for district nurses. A questionnaire was developed and distributed to all 250 district nursing staff in the north/east sector of Glasgow to identify the priority training issues relating to palliative care. This included all district nursing sisters, first and second level registered nurses and auxiliary nursing staff working within the community setting. An 85% response rate to the questionnaire was achieved and an education programme was developed and delivered to address the needs identified by staff. This article goes on to describe the process of the training needs analysis and the benefits of providing an education programme that addresses the educational needs of staff members. Reference is made to a larger evaluation study which highlights staff members' views on both these points.

  7. Innovations in scholarly peer review at Nature Publishing Group and Palgrave Macmillan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy Bourke-Waite

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The peer-review system is one of the cornerstones of quality, integrity and reproducibility in research, and its existence has enabled the scholarly publishing system to function for hundreds of years. Yet, it is beset by challenges ranging from perceived bias to lack of transparency, and the system is groaning beneath the weight of the vastly increasing quantity of research being published every year. This article lays out some of the challenges, reports on a survey of Nature Publishing Group and Palgrave Macmillan authors, and examines a number of pilots. The community feedback gained should ultimately help to improve the experience and service provided in future to the authors, peer reviewers and editorial board members of its journals.

  8. Living in the Fragments of Dreams: Analysis of the Dual-Narrative Structure in Kenneth MacMillan's "Winter Dreams" from Narratological and Psychoanalytical Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kodera, Ryota

    2012-01-01

    This essay investigates the ways dance narratives are constructed and aims to reconfirm the significance of dance narratives in the creation of meanings within dance practices. It draws on key concepts in narratology and psychoanalysis. These two critical perspectives are applied to the analysis of the narrative in Kenneth MacMillan's 1991 one-act…

  9. The Deliverability, Acceptability, and Perceived Effect of the Macmillan Approach to Weight Loss and Eating Difficulties: A Phase II, Cluster-Randomized, Exploratory Trial of a Psychosocial Intervention for Weight- and Eating-Related Distress in People with Advanced Cancer

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hopkinson, Jane B; Fenlon, Debbie R; Okamoto, Ikumi; Wright, David N.M; Scott, Issy; Addington-Hall, Julia M; Foster, Claire

    2010-01-01

    .... The Macmillan Weight and Eating Studies (2000-2009) have used the Medical Research Council complex interventions framework to develop the first psychosocial intervention for weight- and eating-related distress (WRD and ERD...

  10. Seven Last Words from the Cross (1993) - James MacMillan : Primera audición argentina. Dirección musical: Manuel Alejandro Ordás

    OpenAIRE

    Ordás, Manuel Alejandro

    2008-01-01

    Seven Last Words from the Cross, considerada ampliamente como uno de los mejores logros de James MacMillan (n. 1959), promete brindar una experiencia fascinante y movilizadora en concierto, tanto para los intérpretes como para la audiencia. Esta cantata sigue las últimas palabras de Cristo en la Crucifixión, reflexiona en cada una para formar una secuencia dramática y emocional. Las partes vocales e instrumentales recurren a modelos característicos: técnicas barrocas luteranas para el coro y ...

  11. H. Beale et al., Cases, Materials and Texts on Contract Law, 2nd ed. (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2010; and T. K. Graziano, Comparative Contract Law: Cases, Materials and Exercises (Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan, 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachael L. Johnstone

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available view essay of the following books on comparative law: Hugh Beale, Bénédicte Fauvarque-Cosson, Jacobien Rutgers, Denis Tallon and Stefan Vogenauer, Cases, Materials and Text on Contract Law, 2nd ed. (Ius Commune Casebooks for the Common Law of Europe No. 6 (Oxford, United Kingdom: Hart Publishing, 2010 lxxxiv + 1358 pp. paper. 38.95 GBP; and Thomas Kadner Graziano, Comparative Contract Law: Cases, Materials and Exercises (Basingstoke, United Kingdom: Palgrage MacMillan, 2009 xi + 510 pp. paper. 34.99 GBP

  12. The thermal and chemical evolution of hydrothermal vent fluids in shale hosted massive sulphide (SHMS) systems from the MacMillan Pass district (Yukon, Canada)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magnall, J. M.; Gleeson, S. A.; Blamey, N. J. F.; Paradis, S.; Luo, Y.

    2016-11-01

    At Macmillan Pass (YT, Canada), the hydrothermal vent complexes beneath two shale-hosted massive sulphide (SHMS) deposits (Tom, Jason) are well preserved within Late Devonian strata. These deposits provide a unique opportunity to constrain key geochemical parameters (temperature, salinity, pH, fO2, ΣS) that are critical for metal transport and deposition in SHMS systems, and to evaluate the interaction between hydrothermal fluids and the mudstone host rock. This has been achieved using a combination of detailed petrography, isotopic techniques (δ34S, δ13C and δ18O values), carbonate rare earth element analysis (LA-ICP-MS), fluid inclusion analysis (microthermometry, gas analysis via incremental crush fast scan mass spectrometry), and thermodynamic modelling. Two main paragenetic stages are preserved in both vent complexes: Stage 1 comprises pervasive ankerite alteration of the organic-rich mudstone host rock and crosscutting stockwork ankerite veining (±pyrobitumen, pyrite and quartz) and; Stage 2 consists of main stage massive sulphide (galena-pyrrhotite-pyrite ± chalcopyrite-sphalerite) and siderite (±quartz and barytocalcite) mineralisation. Co-variation of δ18O and δ13C values in ankerite can be described by temperature dependent fractionation and fluid rock interaction. Together with fluid inclusion microthermometry, this provides evidence of a steep thermal gradient (from 300 to ∼100 °C) over approximately 15 m stratigraphic depth, temporally and spatially constrained within the paragenesis of both vent complexes and developed under shallow lithostatic (28), characteristic of diagenetic fluids, are coupled with positive europium anomalies and variable light REE depletion, which are more consistent with chloride complexation in hot (>250 °C) hydrothermal fluids. In this shallow sub-seafloor setting, thermal alteration of organic carbon in the immature, chemically reactive mudstones also had an important role in the evolution of fluid chemistry

  13. 香港麦克米伦中学化学教材"氮肥"中的STS教育解读%Analysis on the STS education regarding "nitrogenous fertilizer" in chemistry textbook of Hong Kong Macmillan Middle School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏钊

    2008-01-01

    @@ 1 香港麦克米伦中学化学教材"氮肥"简介 这套麦克米伦中学化学双语教材是2003年12月由上海外语教育出版社引进.这套丛书原由香港新亚洲麦美伦出版有限公司(Macmillan New AsiaPub-lishers Lte)出版,夏伟富(Rex Heyworth)主编,引进后名称为"外教社--麦克米伦中学双语教材系列·化学".

  14. Book Review: A THIRD WAVE: ABOUT THE POLITICS OF PROCLAIMING A `NEW' FEMINISM Stacy Gillis, Gillian Howie and Rebecca Munford, eds Third Wave Feminism: A Critical Exploration, expanded 2nd edn Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, 310 pp., ISBN-13 978-0-230-52174-2

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Book Review: A THIRD WAVE: ABOUT THE POLITICS OF PROCLAIMING A `NEW' FEMINISM Stacy Gillis, Gillian Howie and Rebecca Munford, eds Third Wave Feminism: A Critical Exploration, expanded 2nd edn Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, 310 pp., ISBN-13 978-0-230-52174-2 London School of Economics - (Scharff, Christina)

  15. Antracnosis de la faba ("Colletotrichum lindemuthianum" (Sacc. & Magn.) Scribner)

    OpenAIRE

    Landeras, Elena; Menéndez, Fermín; Braña, Máximo

    2010-01-01

    1 h. (2 p.) il. col. Este hongo produce graves daños a la judía común ("Phaseolus vulgaris"), y especialmente a la variedad "faba granja", pero también puede atacar a otras especies de "Phaseolus" y a otros cultivos de leguminosas de menor importancia. UNIÓN EUROPEA, Fondo Europeo de Orientación y Garantía Agrícola

  16. Michael Hauskeller: Sex and the Posthuman Condition : Palgrave-Macmillan, 2014, 98 pp.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Lantz Fleming

    2016-10-01

    This new book from Michael Hauskeller explores the currently marketed or projected sex/love products that exhibit some trait of so-called "posthumanistic" theory or design. These products are so designated because of their intention to fuse high technologies, including robotics and computing, with the human user. The author offers several arguments for why the theory behind these products leads to inconsistencies. The book uses a unique approach to philosophical argument by enmeshing the argument's major points in a concomitant discussion of pieces from world literature pertaining to posthumanism. The method is compelling, heightened by great world authorial insights that rarely find their way into philosophy and shores up some strong argumentative points. Yet some of the argument still needs more elucidating.

  17. Danijela Kulezic-Wilson, "The Musicality of Narrative Film", Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurizio Corbella

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available La musicalità del cinema è un tema dibattuto fin dalle origini della settima arte. A livello ermeneutico-interpretativo, l’incontro tra i due media avviene essenzialmente sul terreno della metafora: il "musicale" fa sovente capolino nel linguaggio del cinema a vari livelli di produzione e ricezione, specialmente quando gli addetti ai lavori – siano essi registi, sound designer, compositori o critici – lo scelgono per descrivere le ragioni meno immediate di alcune opzioni espressive. La teoria audiovisiva non si è tirata indietro quando si è trattato di utilizzare in campo cinematografico nozioni esplicative di origine musicale: si va dal classico contrappunto audiovisivo di Sergej Éjzenštejn,ripreso e discusso in moltissime sedi, al “musicalismo” - termine spregiativo con cui Noël Burch stigmatizzò l’«insistenza nevrotica a rintracciare valori astratti, quasi musicali nel cinema mainstream» - all’analogia tra musica e cinema cui David Bordwell dedicò un saggio seminale, fino al più recente concetto di musical multimedia in Nicholas Cook, che rappresenta uno snodo metodologico influente sugli studi più recenti, compreso il volume qui in oggetto.

  18. ZELIZER, Barbie y TENENBOIM-WEINBLATT, Karen (Edit. (2014, Journalism and Memory, Croydon, Palgrave MacMillan, 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Javier Callejo Gallego

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El periodismo vuelto del revés, mirando hacia atrás, como repositorio de lo que ha pasado. Reflexionar sobre tal reversión es el objetivo del libro editado por Zelizer y Tenenboim-Weinblatt. Un juego oportuno que permite, en su estado actual, la diversidad de miradas que presenta este texto y, por lo tanto, la desigualdad en los enfoques.

  19. BOOK REVIEW: Cătălina Neculai, URBAN SPACE AND LATE TWENTIETH-CENTURY NEW YORK LITERATURE. REFORMED GEOGRAPHIES, New York: Palgrave, Macmillan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruxanda BONTILĂ

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Very much like a number of New York writers, who, back in the 1970s and 1980s, dared to tread where the sociologist, the urban geographer, or the documenter treads by professional default, and to engage head-on with the hard city of socioeconomic networks (p. 60, Catalina Neculai, through her seminal book, trespasses new territories for the philologist who she is, and in the process, she manages to make a powerful statement—namely, that written culture, just like visual arts, can telescope urban change. One must only know how to read the signs.

  20. Review of: Maddie Breeze: Seriousness and Women’s Roller Derby. Gender, Organization and Ambivalence. London u.a.: Palgrave Macmillan 2015.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiebke Dierkes

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In her autoethnographic study in the field of sports sociology Maddie Breeze presents a captivating analysis of the roller derby scene. Starting from empirical material she develops a new sociological concept of 'seriousness' and '(wanting-to-be-taken-seriously' which contrasts with established, linear and normative models – both are re-conceived as a contradictory and ambivalent practice. Thus, Breeze is able to show how new forms of identity and of organization can be successfully established in processes of transformation, without having to negate or dismiss previous ones. A highly recommendable book, not only for sports sociologists.

  1. Book review: Gregorutti, G., & Delgado, J. E. (Eds.. (2015. Private universities in Latin America: Research and innovation in the knowledge economy. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dante J Salto

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Established on a Napoleonic, professional training mission, universities in Latin America have not centered their activities in conducting research. This statement applies to traditional public universities, though Latin America’s leading universities boast some research tradition. Contemporary worldwide trends such as the increased economic value of knowledge, the demand of private firms to develop research and innovation, the multiplication of accountability stages, and the rise of new modes of academic activity have led public and private universities in Latin America to increase their research footprint. In most cases, public universities have driven this push. Private universities, rather than developing comprehensive research portfolios, tend to cover niches of research that are usually funded by international agencies or other non-governmental organizations. Thus, Private universities in Latin America: Research and innovation in the knowledge economy is mainly about outliers, what we might call the research underdogs of higher education (HE, and how they have grown due to or despite public policy.

  2. BOOK REVIEW - Christien van den Anker, Ilse van Liempt (Eds.), Human rights and migration - trafficking for forced labour, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, 264 pages, ISBN 978-0-230-27913-1

    OpenAIRE

    BOOK REVIEW Christien van den Anker, Ilse van Liempt (Eds.), Human rights and migration - trafficking for forced labour, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, 264 pages, ISBN 978-0-230-27913-1

    2012-01-01

    In the increasingly connected world we are living, the debate on human rights and migration issues has gathered momentum. For the ones with a genuine interest in this debate, Christien van den Anker is an active contributor to the current theoretical discussions. With a broad experience in her field she has published extensively on global justice and human rights. Her research focusing mainly on contemporary slavery, trafficking for forced labour and migrant rights has been doubled by an acti...

  3. Perceptions of the Nature of Happiness: Cultural, but Related to the Dynamics of the Human Mind and the Gratification of General Needs : Laura Hyman: Happiness; Understanding Narratives and Discourses, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, ISBN: 978-1-137-32152-7

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.C. Ott (Jan Cornelis)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractIn her book ‘Happiness’ Laura Hyman identifies some discourses, as defined by Foucault, about happiness among 19 middle-class respondents in the UK. A discourse is a way of thinking and communicating about some issue, and comparable to a ‘perception’ or a’ view’. The dominant ‘Therap

  4. BOOK REVIEW - Christien van den Anker, Ilse van Liempt (Eds., Human rights and migration - trafficking for forced labour, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, 264 pages, ISBN 978-0-230-27913-1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BOOK REVIEW Christien van den Anker, Ilse van Liempt (Eds., Human rights and migration - trafficking for forced labour, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, 264 pages, ISBN 978-0-230-27913-1

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the increasingly connected world we are living, the debate on human rights and migration issues has gathered momentum. For the ones with a genuine interest in this debate, Christien van den Anker is an active contributor to the current theoretical discussions. With a broad experience in her field she has published extensively on global justice and human rights. Her research focusing mainly on contemporary slavery, trafficking for forced labour and migrant rights has been doubled by an active engagement in the Bristol local community (UK where she has successfully been involved in the establishment of several centres which deal with refugees and migrants. The present volume edited together with Ilse van Liempt brings together a valuable academic input from European and US scholars with a wide range of backgrounds.

  5. Reach for Reference. Nostalgia for Teachers, History for Students: Bowling, Beatniks, and Bell-Bottoms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safford, Barbara Ripp

    2005-01-01

    This article describes the U-X-L encyclopedia "Bowling, Beatniks, and Bell-Bottoms: Pop Culture of 20th Century America," a five-volume set, arranged chronologically with two decades in each volume. Each decade then is divided into topics, such as commerce (more exciting than it sounds with lots of inventions, consumer goods, and technology); film…

  6. Polyfibroblast: A Self-Healing and Galvanic Protection Additive

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-22

    show failures with no clear cut differences between the control and the enhanced primers. Such adhesion issues are common when the surface has not...Resistivities of Control NCP and Enhanced NCP primers are 5xl06 and UxlO6 Ohm/sq respectively indicating we may be able to use simple enamel rater...instrumentation to evaluate self-healing. 1. Enamel rater evaluation underway. 2. 1 |im films of OTS prepared on Cold Rolled Steel and Blasted Steel panels

  7. 以制度创新解决中小企业融资“麦克米伦缺口”--基于韩国中小企业银行的研究%Institutional Innovation Solutions to “Macmillan Gap”of SME Financing---Based on Research of IBK of Korea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阙方平

    2014-01-01

    Chinese policy financing resources for SMEs are controlled by several different departments, thus lacking of co-ordination and cooperation system is the main obstacle for supporting SMEs development effectively. In China ,the crucial reason of financing difficulties and high financing cost for SMEs is lacking of policy financing and high dependency on com-mercial bank financing. In contrary, Korea government strongly supports local SMEs by improving system, financing support and industry cooperation, especially, Korea policy financing supporting system of SMEs is a valuable model for China. In con-clusion, institution innovation and creating two policy institutions are meaningful to solve financing difficulties and high fi-nancing cost for SMEs in China.%我国在政策性融资支持中小企业方面由较多部门掌握资源,各自为政,难以形成合力。政策性金融在中小企业融资领域长期缺位,企业过度依赖商业银行间接融资,是当前中小企业“融资难、融资贵”的一个重要原因。韩国政府从中小企业职能机构设置、机制完善、制度保障、金融支持、产业联动等方面大力扶持中小企业发展,尤其是韩国的政策性金融对中小企业的支持对我国具有借鉴作用。结合中小企业发展面临的融资困境,我国应当通过制度创新,建立两大政策性机构解决中小企业融资难、融资贵问题。

  8. Elaboración de un manual de insumos y parámetros de calibración de maquinaria basada en un análisis FODA de los proveedores de Grupo Macmillan como factor de éxito en la calidad de los impresos.

    OpenAIRE

    Calvillo González, César Ulyses

    2015-01-01

    La producción impresa también se está viendo afectada por la globalización y, cada vez más, se incrementa el volumen de impresos que traspasan fronteras, exigiendo una unificación de criterios para la reproducción del color que asegure un mismo resultado impreso. Cada vez más grupos editoriales y grandes consumidores de distintos productos gráficos, realizan pedidos de manera descentralizada. Un mismo diseño, un mismo archivo, que se imprime en distintas empresas de servicios d...

  9. The Soft Constraints Hypothesis: A Rational Analysis Approach to Resource Allocation for Interactive Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    analysis approach from signal-detection theorists (Geisler, 2003; Macmillan & Creelman , 2004) with rational analysis (Anderson, 1990, 1991) to present an...Rational Analysis3 Our ideal performer analysis combines elements of an ideal observer analysis (Geisler, 2003; Macmillan & Creelman , 2004) with those...of rational analysis (Anderson, 1990, 1991). The ideal observer analysis (Geisler, 2003; Macmillan & Creelman , 2004) is used to “determine the

  10. Visualisation of Massive Military Datasets: Human Factors, Applications, and Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-05-01

    analysis can be conducted. While a complete description of signal detection theory (SDT) is beyond the scope of this chapter (see Macmillan & Creelman , 1991...levels of confidence are sequentially classified as "signal" or "no signal" (see Macmillan & Creelman , 1991; Wickens & Hollands, 2000). They thereby...Curson, I. (1997). The MUSiC performance measurement method. Behav- iour & Information Technology, 16, 279-293. Macmillan, N. A., & Creelman , C. D. (1991

  11. The Influence of Ship Deck-Edge Lighting on Perception of Position and Movement During Helicopter Recovery

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-07-01

    sensitivity to differences between stimuli. The signal detection theory (SDT; e.g., MacMillan & Creelman , 1991) approach allows examination of both...REJECTIONS. Sensitivity (d’) and response bias (c) were calculated according to the formulae below (Azzopardi & Cowey, 1997; MacMillan & Creelman , 1991...MacMillan, N.A., & Creelman , C.D. (1991). Detection Theory: A User’s Guide. Sydney: Cambridge University Press. Royden, C.S., Banks, M.S

  12. Developing Human-Machine Interfaces to Support Appropriate Trust and Reliance on Automated Combat Identification Systems (Developpement d’Interfaces Homme-Machine Pour Appuyer la Confiance dans les Systemes Automatises d’Identification au Combat)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-31

    on automation; the ‘response bias’ approach. This new approach is based on Signal Detection Theory (SDT) (Macmillan & Creelman , 1991; Wickens...SDT), response bias will vary with the expectation of the target probability, whereas their sensitivity will stay constant (Macmillan & Creelman ...measures, C has the simplest statistical properties (Macmillan & Creelman , 1991, p273), and it was also the measure used in Dzindolet et al.’s study

  13. Quantifying Human Performance of a Dynamic Military Target Detection Task: An Application of the Theory of Signal Detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-06-01

    applied to analyze numerous experimental tasks (Macmillan and Creelman , 1991). One of these tasks, target detection, is the subject research. In...between each associated pair of false alarm rate and hit rate z-scores is d’ for the bias level associated with the pairing (Macmillan and Creelman , 1991...unequal variance in normal distributions (Macmillan and Creelman , 1991). 61 1966). It is described in detail for the interested reader by Green and

  14. Effects of TEL Confusers on Operator Target Acquisition Performance with SAR Imagery

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-12-01

    processing known as the theory of signal detection (TSD) (Gescheider, 1985; Green & Swets, 1966; Macmillan & Creelman , 1991; Wilson, 1992). A TSD...localizations (Hacker & Ratcliff, 1979; Macmillan & Creelman , 1991). The index of bias in a target localization task provides a measure of the operator’s...of correct localizations substituted for hits (Macmillan & Creelman , 1991). Receiver Operating Characteristic Curves. In addition to the calculation

  15. Developing Human-Machine Interfaces to Support Appropriate Trust and Reliance on Automated Combat Identification Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-17

    Signal Detection Theory (SDT) (Macmillan & Creelman , 1991; Wickens & Hollands, 2000). In SDT, the participants’ performance is characterized by two...probability, whereas their sensitivity will stay constant (Macmillan & Creelman , 1991; Wickens & Hollands, 2000). If this hypothesis holds, it will...Macmillan & Creelman , 1991, p273), and it was also the measure used in Dzindolet et al.’s study (2001a). Thus, C was used in the analysis HMIs for Trust and

  16. Measures of Situation Awareness: An Experimental Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-10-01

    occurrence from non- occurrence of the target event, referred to as sensitivity (Macmillan and Creelman , 1990). Because sensitivity declines if pilots are...Pollack and Norman, 1964; see also Craig, 1979; Macmillan and Creelman , 1990). Finally, avoidance failures were measured simply as the number of times...Wesley. Macmillan, N. A., & Creelman , C. D. (1990). Response bias: Characteristics of detection theory, threshold theory, and "non- parametric" indexes

  17. Look Again: An Investigation of False Positive Detections in Combat Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-06-01

    those states (Macmillan & Creelman , 1991). Denoted by d’, sensitivity is scaled between zero and one, with an infallible observer having a d’ equal to...Macmillan & Creelman , 1991), and is also scaled between zero and one. Varying either the observer’s sensitivity or bias, or both, changes his...Graphics Based Target Detection Model, Master of Science, Naval Postgraduate School, September. Macmillan, N. A., & Creelman , C. D., 1991, Detection Theory

  18. Speech Research. A Report on the Status and Progress of Studies on the Nature of Speech, Instrumentation for Its Investigation, and Practical Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-01-01

    noise portion (cf. Creelman & Macmillan, 1979). In both discrimination tests, fricative noises from a [1]-[s] continuum were followed by several different...Psychology, 1973, 27, 441-449. Creelman , C. D., & Macmillan, N. A. Auditory phase and frequency discrimina- tion: A comparison of nine procedures...response bias, values of d’ were obtained from the tables provided for the AX paradigm by Kaplan, Macmillan, and Creelman (1978). To obtain relatively

  19. A Signal Detection Model of Compound Decision Tasks

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    strict isolation (for many examples of such models see Egan, 1975; Macmillan & Creelman , 1991). The result has been twofold: A rich corpus of decision...Macmillan & Creelman , 1991). It is important to point out that SDT models are primarily decision models. They specify the rules and procedures for how...Broadbent, 1958; Macmillan & Creelman , 1991; Nolte & Jaarsma, 1967; Swensson & Judy, 1981; Tanner & Norman, 1954). To better understand how these two

  20. Visual and Auditory Sensitivities and Discriminations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    design to measure the disparity required to just detect the cyclopean test bars (Macmillan & Creelman , 1991). Each trial consisted of a single...conventionally (Macmillan & Creelman , 1991). Results Grating detection threshold (d =1.0) for observer 1 was estimated as 0.18 arc min peak-to-trough...conventionally (Macmillan & Creelman , 1991). Baseline values of dI were obtained using the same procedure except that the adapting grating had a peak-to-peak

  1. Recent Works Published: Contemporary World Literature and British Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalez, Madelena

    2015-01-01

    Angelaki, Vicky (ed), Contemporary British Theatre: Breaking New Ground, Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013 (224 pages), ISBN-13: 978-1137010124. Aragay, Mireia and Enric Monforte (eds), Ethical Speculations in Contemporary British Theatre, Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014 (232 pages), ISBN-13: 978-1137297563. Beaumont, Alexander, Contemporary British Fiction and the Cultural Politics of Disenfranchisement: Freedom and the City, Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015 (248 pages), ISBN-13:...

  2. Vanessa Pupavac: Language Rights. From Free Speech to Linguistic Governance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Phillipson, Robert

    2016-01-01

    Book review of: Vanessa Pupavac: Language Rights. From Free Speech to Linguistic Governance. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2012, x + 317 pp.......Book review of: Vanessa Pupavac: Language Rights. From Free Speech to Linguistic Governance. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, 2012, x + 317 pp....

  3. Anmeldelse: The Writer's Handbooks 2009

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2008-01-01

    Anmeldelse af: Barry Turner (red.) (2008) The Writer’s Handbook 2009. The complete guide for all writers, publishers, editors, agents, and broadcasts. New York: MacMillan Barry Turner (red.) (2008) The Screenwriter’s Handbook 2009. The essential companion for screenwriters. New York: MacMillan...

  4. Review of: Islam, Migration and Integration: The Age of Securitization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinding, Niels Valdemar

    2010-01-01

    Islam, Migration and Integration: The Age of Securitization. By Ayhan Kaya. (Migration, Minorities and Citizenship). Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. Pp. xiv+249. Hbk 978-0-230-51679-3. £55.......Islam, Migration and Integration: The Age of Securitization. By Ayhan Kaya. (Migration, Minorities and Citizenship). Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. Pp. xiv+249. Hbk 978-0-230-51679-3. £55....

  5. The Business of Politics Commerce, and Culture in East Asia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ooi, Can-Seng

    2016-01-01

    Review of: "Cultural Policies in East Asia: Dynamics Between the State, Arts and Creative Industries". Edited by Hye-Kyung Lee and Lorraine Lim. Basingstoke: Palgrave, Macmillan, 2014. 229 pp.......Review of: "Cultural Policies in East Asia: Dynamics Between the State, Arts and Creative Industries". Edited by Hye-Kyung Lee and Lorraine Lim. Basingstoke: Palgrave, Macmillan, 2014. 229 pp....

  6. Anmeldelse: The Writer's Handbooks 2009

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2008-01-01

    Anmeldelse af: Barry Turner (red.) (2008) The Writer’s Handbook 2009. The complete guide for all writers, publishers, editors, agents, and broadcasts. New York: MacMillan Barry Turner (red.) (2008) The Screenwriter’s Handbook 2009. The essential companion for screenwriters. New York: MacMillan...

  7. 麦克米兰(MDS)的无纸化配送中心%An introduction to the paperless delivery center in the MDS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    麦克米兰配送服务公司(MDS)是澳大利亚最大的图书分销商之一,为Pan Macmillan、Macmillan Education、Macmillan Academic and Reference及多家第三方出版商提供配送服务。

  8. Fordism, Finance-driven Capitalism, and Climate Change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buch-Hansen, Hubert

    2014-01-01

    Review of Capitalism and Climate Change: Theoretical Discussion, Historical Development and Policy Responses by Max Koch. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, pp. 240, ISBN: 9780230272514, £55 (hbk.)......Review of Capitalism and Climate Change: Theoretical Discussion, Historical Development and Policy Responses by Max Koch. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, pp. 240, ISBN: 9780230272514, £55 (hbk.)...

  9. Poincaré-MacMillan Equations of Motion for a Nonlinear Nonholonomic Dynamical System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Amjad Hussain; Syed Tauseef Mohyud-Din; Ahmet Yildirim

    2012-01-01

    MacMillan's equations are extended to Poincaré's formalism,and MacMillan's equations for nonlinear nonholonomic systems are obtained in terms of Poincaré parameters.The equivalence of the results obtained here with other forms of equations of motion is demonstrated.An illustrative example of the theory is provided as well.

  10. Chinas Soft Power: Changing the World Perception

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    Characteristics: High-Tech Research in China, ed. Linda Jakobson (Hampshire, England: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007), 37–70. 93 Scott Kennedy, “The Myth of the Beijing...Characteristics: High-Tech Research in China, edited by Linda Jakobson , 37–70. Hampshire, England: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. Kurlantzick, Joshua. Charm

  11. Computational Cognitive Modeling of Adaptive Choice Behavior in a Dynamic Decision Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-02-01

    Macmillan & Creelman , 2004) to "determine the optimal performance in a task, given the physical properties of the environment and stimuli" (Geisler, 2004...683. Macmillan, N. A., & Creelman , C. D. (2004). Detection theory: A user’s guide. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Myers, C. W. (2004). The

  12. The Use of an Enhanced Polygraph Scoring Technique in Homeland Security: The Empirical Scoring System-Making a Difference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    confidence rating (p value) (Macmillan, & Creelman , 1996). More specifically, as response bias relates to polygraph scoring, the development of the...Macmillan, N., & Creelman , C. (1996). Triangles in ROC space: History and theory of “nonparametric” measures of sensitivity and response bias

  13. A Theory of Object Recognition: Computations and Circuits in the Feedforward Path of the Ventral Stream in Primate Visual Cortex

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-12-01

    false-alarm rates into a single standardized score [Macmillan and Creelman , 1991, see]). Error bars indicate the standard error but there is no direct...recognition from local scale-invariant features. In ICCV, pages 1150–1157. N.A. Macmillan and C.D. Creelman . (1991). Detection Theory: A User’s Guide. Cambridge

  14. Psychophysics of Complex Auditory and Speech Stimuli

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-10-31

    indices (dl were then calculated from this matrix following the ABX response model suggested by Macmillan 5 and Creelman (1991: also Pierce & Gilbert, 1958...ofSpechi Pceceptio Thle Htague: Nijhoff Macmillan, N. A, & Creelman , C. D (1990). Detection Tbeorx,. A IUs,-es Cnide Cambnidge: Cambridge. Mart, 1). (1982

  15. Human Factors Issues for Controlling Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles: Preliminary Findings in Support of the Canadian Forces Joint Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Surveillance Target Acquisition System Project (Incidence des Facteurs Humains sur le Pilotage des Vehicules Aeriens Telepilotes: Constatations Preliminaires a L’Appui du Projet de Systeme Interarmees D’Acquisition D’Objectif au Moyen de Vehicules Aeriens Telepilotes de Surveillance des Forces Canadiennes)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    signal detection theory measures of the user’s sensitivity (d ) and the user’s own criterion ( ) (Macmillan & Creelman , 1991), whereby a drop in arousal...Medical Research Council, H. M. Stationery Office. [67] Macmillan, N. A., & Creelman , C. D. (1991). Detection theory: A user’s guide. New York, NY

  16. Explicit, Implicit, and Subjective Rating Measures of Situation Awareness in a Monitoring Task

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-10-01

    range of the subjects’ weapon (referred to as "envelope sensitivity" and calculated as A’ see Macmillan and Creelman , 1990). In his experiment...1982). Design and analysis: A researchers handbook. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Macmillan, N. A., and Creelman , C. D. (1990). Response

  17. Effects of Methamphetamine on Vigilance and Tracking during Extended Wakefulness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-09-01

    the log likelihood ratio (log(p); Green & Swets, 1966; Macmillan & Creelman , 1990), was also derived from hit and false-alarm probabilities...vigilance task. Canadian Journal of Psychology, 19, 104-110. Macmillan, N.E., & Creelman , C.D. (1990). Response bias: Characteristics of detection

  18. Isolating the Neural Mechanisms of Interference During Continuous Multisensory Dual-task Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    sion accuracy in each task, the signal detection theory sensitivity measure of d0 was used (Macmillan & Creelman , 1991; Green & Swets, 1966). First...J. (1998). Sources of dual-task interference: Evidence from human electrophysiology. Psychological Science, 9, 223–227. Macmillan, N. A., & Creelman

  19. A Generalized Process Model of Human Action Selection and Error and its Application to Error Prediction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-07-01

    Macmillan & Creelman , 2005). This is a quite high degree of discriminability and it means that when the decision model predicts a probability of...ROC analysis. Pattern Recognition Letters, 27(8), 861-874. Retrieved from Google Scholar. Macmillan, N. A., & Creelman , C. D. (2005). Detection

  20. 15 CFR 754.4 - Unprocessed western red cedar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... harvest or produce the timber, the records or statement must identify the harvester or producer and must be accompanied by an identical statement from the harvester or producer. If any intermediate party or... States Forest Service, that: (A) Specifies the quantity in cubic meters or board feet, scribner rule,...

  1. Käsk number üks - saavutada täiskontroll - on täidetud / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Raamatuarvustus: Baker, Peter; Glasser, Susan. Kremlin Rising: Vladimir Putin's Russia and the End of Revolution. New York: Scribner, 2005. Raamatu autorid on USA ajalehe Washington Post Moskva korrespondendid. Arvustus ilmunud ka: Sirp : Diplomaatia 7. okt. 2005 nr. 25, lk. 14-15

  2. 25 CFR 163.22 - Payment for forest products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Payment for forest products. 163.22 Section 163.22... Forest Management and Operations § 163.22 Payment for forest products. (a) The basis of volume determination for forest products sold shall be the Scribner Decimal C log rules, cubic volume,...

  3. Our Voices: A Descriptive Account of African American Parental Involvement in an Urban Elementary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudduth, Charletta D.

    2011-01-01

    Parent involvement may have implications for student achievement (Epstein, 1986; Hoover-Dempsey, Bassler, & Brisse, 1987; Lopez, Scribner, & Mahitivanichcha, 2001). Today African-American parents are frequently criticized for not being involved enough in their students' education (Dearing, Kreider, Simpkins, & Weiss, 2006). African-American parent…

  4. Käsk number üks - saavutada täiskontroll - on täidetud / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Raamatuarvustus: Baker, Peter; Glasser, Susan. Kremlin Rising: Vladimir Putin's Russia and the End of Revolution. New York: Scribner, 2005. Raamatu autorid on USA ajalehe Washington Post Moskva korrespondendid. Arvustus ilmunud ka: Sirp : Diplomaatia 7. okt. 2005 nr. 25, lk. 14-15

  5. Book review: Foucault on politics, security and war\\ud

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Carl Packman reviews an undeniably timely introduction to Michel Foucault’s complex research on political modernity.\\ud \\ud Foucault on Politics, Security and War. Michael Dillon and Andrew W Neal. Palgrave Macmillan. January 2011.\\ud \\ud

  6. Development of sorghum varieties and hybrids for dryland areas of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mo

    A study was conducted to scrutinize the development of sorghum (Sorghum bicolar) varieties and hybrids .... national variety trial in the case of open pollinated varieties ...... Principles of field crop production. 3rd Ed., Macmillan. Publishing Co.

  7. Health and Economic Growth in South East, Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    info

    Health can be the source of economic growth, just as wealth can enhance health ..... scheme. In the compulsory health insurance option, everyone has to contribute some money. .... A history of Igbo people, London: The Macmillan Press Ltd.

  8. Toxic Amblyopia (Nutritional Amblyopia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Finds Additional Content Medical News Toxic Amblyopia (Nutritional Amblyopia) By James Garrity, MD, Whitney and Betty MacMillan ... Neuropathies) Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Optic Neuritis Papilledema Toxic Amblyopia Toxic amblyopia is damage to the optic nerve ...

  9. 166 Spatialization of Time and Temporalization of Space: A Critical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ngozi Ezenwa-Ohaeto

    as space, causation, present, past, future, earlier than, later than, etc, have to be .... York, Macmillan Publishing Co., INC., New York, 1964) pg321-. 338. Oyelakin: ..... In fact, he referred to. Nelson Goodman's work where temporal notion is.

  10. The dynamic and ubiquitous nature of biotechnology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-08-18

    Aug 18, 2008 ... law/legal studies, forensics, environmental sciences and toxicology, tourism, sociology and ... procedures to identify, isolate, purify and study the ..... Technology for the Tropics, MacMillan Education LTD, London and. Oxford.

  11. Cognitive load theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kirschner, Paul A.; Kirschner, Femke; Paas, Fred

    2010-01-01

    Kirschner, P. A., Kirschner, F. C., & Paas, F. (2009). Cognitive load theory. In E. M. Anderman & L. H. Anderman (Eds.). Psychology of classroom learning: An encyclopedia, Volume 1, a-j (pp. 205-209). Detroit, MI: Macmillan Reference.

  12. Reviews / David J. Smith

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smith, David J.

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Kasekamp, Andres. A history of the Baltic states. Basingstoke (Hampshire) ; New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. Artiklis tutvustatakse raamatut eelkõige kui täielikku ülevaadet Balti riikide postsotsialistlikust edukast arengust ja selle ajaloolistest juurtest

  13. Teaching more than english? : Gender roles in english language textbooks / Jeannine Richards

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Richards, Jeannine

    2002-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse soorolle inglise keele õpikutes "TipTop 5. Student's book" (S. Rixon, J. Moates. London; Basingstoke: Macmillan. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1996) ja "English Step 5" (I. Sotter, L. Vahtra. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1997)

  14. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    production type or enterprise depends on the availability of .... each LGA. The names of the egg producers .... labour respectively as was the case in Jema'a. LGA. ..... Climates. Macmillan press ltd and. Basingstove, low priced edition, Pp. 197.

  15. Recommended Textbooks (Booksearch).

    Science.gov (United States)

    English Journal, 1988

    1988-01-01

    Evaluates four textbooks recommended by junior high and high school teachers for teaching writing and literature: "Enjoying Literature" (published by Macmillan, 1985); "Exposition: Critical Writing and Thinking" (Robert J. Gula); "Situational Writing" (Gene Krupa); and "Double Exposure: Composing through Writing…

  16. 13 Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies & Management 7(1 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Osondu

    2013-08-19

    Aug 19, 2013 ... conditions; escalating building costs; uncertain letting and ... recover the cost of improvement plus a return for the risk and ... as 60% of the total development costs. The ..... Investment and Pricing, Macmillan Press. Ltd; U.K. ...

  17. Advancing Sustainable Development in Global Trade and Multilateral Negotiations

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Christophe Bellmann; Ahmed Abdel Latif; Jonathan Hepburn

    2011-01-01

    Published by Palgrave MacmillanWorld exports and imports are quickly recovering after the 2008-09 sharp decline in merchandise trade, as illustrated by global trade performances in the first and second quarters of 2010...

  18. FUTY Journal of the Environment: Submissions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    London: Macmillan. ... Estimating disaggregate trip generation and attraction in Maiduguri Metropolis. ... throughout the paper (with Arabic numerals) referring to them in the text as Table 1, Table 2, etc., with a caption at the top of each table.

  19. Teaching more than english? : Gender roles in english language textbooks / Jeannine Richards

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Richards, Jeannine

    2002-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse soorolle inglise keele õpikutes "TipTop 5. Student's book" (S. Rixon, J. Moates. London; Basingstoke: Macmillan. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1996) ja "English Step 5" (I. Sotter, L. Vahtra. Tallinn: Koolibri, 1997)

  20. Reviews / David J. Smith

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Smith, David J.

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Kasekamp, Andres. A history of the Baltic states. Basingstoke (Hampshire) ; New York : Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. Artiklis tutvustatakse raamatut eelkõige kui täielikku ülevaadet Balti riikide postsotsialistlikust edukast arengust ja selle ajaloolistest juurtest

  1. Kõrge tunnustus Peeter Mehistole

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Inglismaal välja antud raamatu "Uncovering CLIL: Content and Language Integrated Learning in Bilingual and Multilingual Education" (Macmillan, Oxford) eest Edinburgi hertsogi Inglise Keeles Kõnelejate Ühingu auhind- parim õpetajatele kirjutatud raamat 2008

  2. Biopolitica: Il caso Italiano come norma o eccezione?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Jansen-Bella

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Recensione di: Andrea Righi, Biopolitics and Social Change in Italy. From Gramsci to Pasolini to Negri, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2011, 208 p., ISBN: 9780230115033, £ 58,00.

  3. Borrowing and Loan Words: The Lemmatizing of Newly Acquired ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    rbr

    These new lexical items were adopted auto- matically into the ... stance, at the beginning of the standardization period of Sesotho sa Leboa, most of these previously .... New York: The Macmillan Company/The Free Press. Higa, M. 1980.

  4. Kõrge tunnustus Peeter Mehistole

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Inglismaal välja antud raamatu "Uncovering CLIL: Content and Language Integrated Learning in Bilingual and Multilingual Education" (Macmillan, Oxford) eest Edinburgi hertsogi Inglise Keeles Kõnelejate Ühingu auhind- parim õpetajatele kirjutatud raamat 2008

  5. Transmedia storytelling and the new era of media convergence in higher education, by Stavroula Kalogeras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine E. Morrissey

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Stavroula Kalogeras. Transmedia Storytelling and the New Era of Media Convergence in Higher Education. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, hardcover, $100 (276p ISBN 978-1137388360.

  6. 'Transatlantic Print Culture, 1880-1940: Emerging Media, Emerging Modernisms', edited by Ann Ardis and Patrick Collier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janet Floyd

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available A review of 'Transatlantic Print Culture, 1880-1940: Emerging Media, Emerging Modernisms', edited by Ann Ardis and Patrick Collier (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. Hardback, 259 pages, £50, ISBN 9780554269.

  7. The Influence of Independent and Intervening Variables on Adoption ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    and intervening variables in determining the adoption behaviour of recommended maize varieties ... in time from 5% percent of the population ... be investigated first followed by the influence ...... Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. New York.

  8. Crisis in Mexico: Assessing the Merida Initiative and its Impact on Us-Mexican Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-04-01

    Investigative Agency (Agencia Federal de Investigaciones , AFI) investigates federal crimes for the Federal Attorney General‟s Office. The AFI...Colombia (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), 122-126. 110 The Bush Doctrine and Latin America, Edited by Gary Prevost and Carlos Oliva Campos ...Edited by Gary Prevost and Carlos Oliva Campos . New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. 2007. AU/ACSC/7476/2008-09 46 “Trafficking in Persons

  9. Discovery Driven Growth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bukh, Per Nikolaj

    2009-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Discovery Driven Growh : A breakthrough process to reduce risk and seize opportunity, af Rita G. McGrath & Ian C. MacMillan, Boston: Harvard Business Press. Udgivelsesdato: 14 august......Anmeldelse af Discovery Driven Growh : A breakthrough process to reduce risk and seize opportunity, af Rita G. McGrath & Ian C. MacMillan, Boston: Harvard Business Press. Udgivelsesdato: 14 august...

  10. Using Crowdsourced Geospatial Data to Aid in Nuclear Proliferation Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-01

    Real World,” Harvard Business Review (May 2007) accessed September 28, 2016 https://hbr.org/2007/05/viral-marketing-for-the-real- world. 37 Jon...49 William D. Eggers and Paul Macmillan, The Solution Revolution (Boston: Harvard Business Review Press, 2013), 63. 19 interact with their...tw_ec/profit_with_purpose. Eggers William D. and Paul Macmillan. The Solution Revolution. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press, 2013. Egghe, Leo

  11. Toward Determining the Comprehensibility of Machine Translations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    responses to a stimulus (Macmillan and Creelman , 1991). It has been applied in areas such as lie detection (truth/lie), inspection (ac- ceptable...1-1/(2N) (Macmil- lan and Creelman , 1991). Negative values, which usually indicate response confusion, were eliminated. The results of...Macmillan, Neil and C. Douglas Creelman . (1991). Detection theory: A User’s guide. Cambridge Univer- sity Press, pp. 10 &125. Marchant

  12. New Tools and Methods for Assessing Risk-Management Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-03-01

    Computers in Human Behavior , 15, 463-494. Cole, M., John-Steiner, V., Scribner, S., & Souberman, E. (Eds.). (1978). Mind in society: Development of... Computers in Human Behavior , 15, 315-334. Klein, D. C. D., Chung, G. K. W. K., Osmundson, E., Herl, H. E., & O’Neil, H. F., Jr. S (2002). The validity...solving. Computers in Human Behavior , 15,403-418. Self, J. (1995). Problems with unguided learning. Proceedings of the International Conference on

  13. Psicologia cultural e desenvolvimento humano: Um encontro com Bárbara Rogoff

    OpenAIRE

    Fidalgo, Zilda

    2004-01-01

    Barbara Rogoff, da Universidade da Califórnia, é um nome de destaque na área da Psicologia Cultural. Trabalhou no Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition, com Michael Cole, James Wertsch, Sylvia Scribner, entre outros. Dentre os numerosos artigos e publicações ao longo dos últimos 20 anos, destacamos a obra Apprenticeship in Thinking, uma obra de referência na área da Psicologia Cultural. A Psicologia Cultural, nas suas diferentes vertentes, pretende responder ao renascimento do...

  14. The Hidden Dimension of Strategic Planning: Explorations in the Formation of Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    of Ideas, (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1969), 33. 64 Fromm , Erich , To Have Or To Be?, (New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc., 1976), 133. 65...Neurobiology Review. Berkeley: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, IEEE, Inc. 1989. Fromm , Erich . To Have Or To Be?. New York: Harper & Row...something more than time... -- Erich Kahler, Man The Measure. Every shift in the course of events changes the bearing of the past upon the present. --S. P

  15. Identifying the Method for Effective Combat Marksmanship Training Using Site Optics and Packaged Sensor Feedback

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    Corps determined to order the conduct of RCO testing for Entry Level Training ( ELT ). With this order, questions were asked whether there is an...Training tables three and four, the intentions are that it would not be must of a stretch to begin ELT of the RCO from the start—but would this be...object assembly difficulty. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2006, 48, 511 Scribner, D. R., Wiley, P. H

  16. Avenging the General Sherman: The 1871 Battle of Kang Hwa Do

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    that the government of Corea is determined to resist all innovations and intercourse with all the power at its command, without regard to nationality... Corea : The Hermit Kingdom (New York: Charles Scribners and Sons, 1902) 369-376. 2 Dr. Suh In-han , Research Historian at the Institute for Military...Department Dispatch, No. 69. 19 Report of Rear Admiral John Rodgers, No. 38, onboard the USS Colorado, Boissee Anchorage, Salee River, Corea , June 3

  17. The Effects of Problem Structure and Team Diversity on Brainstorming Effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Stylianos Kavadias; Svenja C. Sommer

    2009-01-01

    Since Osborn's Applied Imagination book in 1953 (Osborn, A. F. 1953. Applied Imagination: Principles and Procedures of Creative Thinking. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York), the effectiveness of brainstorming has been widely debated. While some researchers and practitioners consider it the standard idea generation and problem-solving method in organizations, part of the social science literature has argued in favor of nominal groups, i.e., the same number of individuals generating solutions i...

  18. An Observation of the Sluss-Tiller Civil Affairs Culmination Exercise at Freedom Village

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-01

    ARL-MR-0958 ● AUG 2017 US Army Research Laboratory An Observation of the Sluss-Tiller Civil Affairs Culmination Exercise at...An Observation of the Sluss-Tiller Civil Affairs Culmination Exercise at Freedom Village by David R Scribner Human Research and Engineering... Observation of the Sluss-Tiller Civil Affairs Culmination Exercise at Freedom Village 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER

  19. Chemical Warfare in World War 1: The American Experience, 1917-1918 (Leavenworth Papers, Number 10)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-01

    before they reached the front. While moving forward one night toward Chauteau Thierry , the men stopped to rest in shallow shell holes near the road. A...20-23; Curt Wachtel, Chemical Warfare (Brooklyn, NY: Chemical Publishing Co., 1941), 66. 8. Hogg, Gas, 23. 9. Augustin Mitchell Prentiss...Magazine, 10 March 1980:28. Powell, E. Alexander. The Army Behind the Army. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1919. Prentiss, Augustin Mitchell

  20. Imphal-Kohima: Encirclement, 8 March-22 June 1944 (CSI Battlebook 10-C)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-05-01

    Japanese effort.°6 Enemy reconnaissance aircraft were two-engined an cumbersome, 28 i% ýL" _.kA42 and flew missions unescorted by fighters. They were...2’Ibid., p. 47. 241bid., p. 52. řGeofrey Evans and Antony Brett-James, Imphal (New York: MacMillan & Co., 1962), pp. 6-7. L6Slim, op, cit., p. 140...Japan at War. Michigan State University Press, 1968. Evans, Geoffrey and Antony Brett-James. Imphal. New York: MacMillan & Co., 1962. Extract from the

  1. Overburdening: Two books on the British politics towards Southeast Asia from 1943 to 1965

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaap Anten

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Review of:Peter Lowe, Contending with nationalism and communism; Britishpolicy towards Southeast Asia, 1945-65. Basingstoke and NewYork: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009, xii + 312 pp. [Global conflictand security since 1945.] ISBN 9780230524873. Price: GBP 60.00(hardback.T.O. Smith, Britain and the origin of the Vietnam War; UK policyin Indo-China, 1943-50. Basingstoke and New York: PalgraveMacmillan, 2007, xiii + 229 pp. [Global contlict and security since1945.] ISBN 9780230507050. Price: GBP 60.00 (hardback

  2. Correspondance d’Angleterre

    OpenAIRE

    Crook, Malcom

    2006-01-01

    LivresAdcock Michael, Chester Emily et Whiteman Jeremy (eds), Revolution, society and the politics of memory, Proceedings of the Tenth George Rudé seminar on French history and civilisation, Melbourne, 1998. Andress David, French society in revolution. 1789-1799, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1999. Blanning Tim, The French Revolution : Class war or culture clash ?, Macmillan, London, 1998. Carpenter Kirsty, Refugees of the French Revolution : émigrés in London. 1789-1802, Macmillan...

  3. Interview with Dawn Raffel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Manolescu-Oancea

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Dawn Raffel was born in Wisconsin and graduated from Brown University. She has published three books: In the Year of Long Division, a collection of short fiction (Knopf, 1994, Carrying the Body, a novel (Scribner, 2002 and Further Adventures in the Restless Universe, a collection of stories (Dzanc Books, 2010. She was the guest of Marc Chénetier and the Observatoire de littérature américaine at the Université Paris 7-Denis Diderot in March 2007.Monica Manolescu: At the opening of the confe...

  4. Don DeLillo : une bibliographie sélective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aaron Smith

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Oeuvres de Don DeLilloRomansAmericana. 1971. London : Penguin, 1990.End Zone. 1972. New York : Penguin, 1986.Great Jones Street. 1973. New York : Penguin, 1994.Ratner’s Star. 1976. London : Vintage, 1991.Players. 1977. London : Vintage, 1991.Running Dog. 1978. London : Picador, 1992.The Names. 1982. New York : Vintage, 1989.White Noise. 1984. London : Picador, 1985.Libra. 1988. London : Penguin, 1989.Mao II. 1991. London : Vintage, 1992.Underworld. 1997. New York : Scribner, 1997.The Body Art...

  5. Vaticinia de adventu lutheri. La interpretación de texto proféticos y la construcción de la imagen del reformador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José VEGA RAMOS

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En una nota al texto de «Luther's Myth», R. W. Scribner lamenta el número aún insuficiente de estudios sobre las profecías que circularon en el siglo XVI en torno a Lutero y sobre los textos que sostienen que el advenimiento del reformador y la suerte del movimiento reformista habían sido ya profetizados, anunciados o pre-significados, bien en las Escrituras, bien en los vaticinios tardo-medievales, bien en revelaciones recientes, bien mediante manifestaciones divinas a través de signos prodigiosos.

  6. Urban science classrooms and new possibilities: on intersubjectivity and grammar in the third space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emdin, Christopher

    2009-03-01

    In this article I explore research in urban science education inspired by the work of Kris Gutierrez in a paper based on her 2005 Scribner Award. It addresses key points in Gutierrez's work by exploring theoretical frameworks for research and approaches to teaching and research that expand the discourse on the agency of urban youth in corporate school settings. The work serves as an overview of under-discussed approaches and theoretical frameworks to consider in teaching and conducting research with marginalized urban youth in urban science classrooms.

  7. The Influence of Depressive Symptoms on Suicidal Ideation Among U.S. Vietnam-Era and Afghanistan/Iraq-Era Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    Clinical Psychology Review . 2009; 29:727–735.10.1016/j.cpr.2009.08.006 [PubMed: 19744758] Sheehan, DV. The anxiety disease. New York: Scribner; 1983... Psychology Review . 2009; 29:471–482.10.1016/j.cpr.2009.05.001 [PubMed: 19539412] Rudd MD, Goulding J, Bryan CJ. Student veterans: A national survey...160.3.580 [PubMed: 12611845] Panagioti M, Gooding P, Tarrier N. Post-traumatic stress disorder and suicidal behavior: A narrative review. Clinical

  8. Vaticinia de adventu lutheri. La interpretación de texto proféticos y la construcción de la imagen del reformador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José VEGA RAMOS

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En una nota al texto de «Luther's Myth», R. W. Scribner lamenta el número aún insuficiente de estudios sobre las profecías que circularon en el siglo XVI en torno a Lutero y sobre los textos que sostienen que el advenimiento del reformador y la suerte del movimiento reformista habían sido ya profetizados, anunciados o pre-significados, bien en las Escrituras, bien en los vaticinios tardo-medievales, bien en revelaciones recientes, bien mediante manifestaciones divinas a través de signos prodigiosos.

  9. Learning Curve

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Caponegro

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available “What’s the matter with Mary Caponegro ?” Françoise Palleau-Papin Were I to introduce Mary Caponegro formally, in an official biographical notice, it would go something like this: Mary Caponegro is the Richard B. Fisher Family Professor in Literature and Writing at Bard College, where William Gaddis once taught. She is the author of five works of fiction: Tales from the Next Village (Lost Roads, 1985, The Star Cafe (Scribner, 1990, Five Doubts (Marsilio, 1998, The Complexities of Intimacy ...

  10. PARAMETERS, U.S. Army War College Quarterly. Volume 24, Number 3, Autumn 1994

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    host of doctrinal manuals dealing with all categories of OOTW. This focus on OOTW is a direct result of the end of the Cold War--the long twilight ...Newton Minnow, quoted in McNulty, p. 32. Walter B. Wriston, in The Twilight of Soverei"ny (New York: Scribner’s Sons, 1992), argues that modern...S.~ __W lack of them) of Philippine land reform. Connolly presents his readers with a some- what rambling but not entirely predictable saga of land

  11. Light and Dark Waves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Henry H.; Sturdivant, Ann

    1966-01-01

    Several Latin textbooks are described and evaluated in terms of their affectiveness in teaching language mastery. These are: (1) "Using Latin," Scott, Foresman, (2) "Latin for Americans," Macmillan, (3) "Lingua Latina," by Burns, Medicus, and Sherburne, and (4) "A Basic Course in Latin,""An Intermediate Course in Latin--Reading," and "An…

  12. Analyzing International Economic Influence on Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-03

    17 Anderson, 330. 18 Borgatti, 19. 19 Tom M. Apostol , Mathematical Analysis, (Reading: Addison-Wesley...Organization (WTO); the CIA’s data was found to be best structured for 20 Apostol , 60. 13 this...York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1992. Apostol , Tom M. Mathematical Analysis. Reading: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1974. Axelrod, Robert and

  13. How the Cold War is Taught: Six American History Textbooks Examined.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herz, Martin F.

    This booklet is a comparative analysis of how six high school history textbooks present events and issues related to the Cold War. The texts are "History of a Free People" (Macmillan, 1973), "Rise of the American Nation" (Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1977), "The American Experience" (Addison-Wesley, 1975), "A New…

  14. The Role of the Polish Internal Security Corps in the October Crisis of 1956.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-02-12

    Redakcyjne. . 1976. Konovalu, Serge . Russo-Polish Relations: A Historical Survey. New York: The Macmillan Press, 1945. Kracaucher, Siegfried and...Frederick A. Praeger, 1956. Lang , Oscar. Some Problems Relating to the Polish Road to Socialism. Warsaw: Polonia Publishing House, 1957. 95.. 95"- 3

  15. Defining Translational Reprogramming in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    brief, the flanking sequences of m6A peaks (640nt) with POI scores were retrieved from mouse transcritpome and were used as MEME input. 31. Maroney, P. A... MEME SUITE: tools for motif discovery and searching. Nucleic Acids Res. 37, W202–W208 (2009). LETTER RESEARCH G2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved

  16. Playtime is Over?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Steffen T.

    2007-01-01

    .e. ending playtime. Low and MacMillan's (1988) early article as well as Shane and Venkataraman's seminal piece spring to mind as highly influential examples of this. In this paper the stated mission of 'ending playtime' is investigated from a poststructuralist perspective. Applying a deconstructionist...

  17. Organizational Assessment of the Depot Level Analysis Center for the Lockheed S-3 Viking Aircraft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-09-01

    Information Processing View," in Organizational Design Development, and Behavior, ed. Karl 0. Magnusen, (Scott, Foresman and Co., 1977). 16. Kroeber ...April, 1971. - Kroeber , D." ., Management Infor-ation Systems, Macmillan Punlishing Co., Inc., 1982. Lawrence, P. and Lorsch, J., Organization and

  18. Belief Systems and Language Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    Sedlak (1074), Searle (1060), Gtrawson (196U), and Wittgenstein (1958). [4] (1973), Charniak (1072), ilcCarthy and Hayes (1969), HcDermott (107...in Speech Acts", Philosophical Review 73, ^39-460. Wittgenstein , Ludwig 1958 Philosophical Investigations ( New York: The Macmillan Co.) (Tr

  19. Military Review. Volume 87, Number 6, November-December 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    definitions and theories.6 Clif- ford geertz defines culture as “a system of inherited conceptions expressed in symbolic forms by means of which men...and russell trood, eds., Strategic Cultures in the Asia-Pacific Region (Houndsmills, Basingstoke: Macmillan Press, 1999). 7. Clifford Geetz, The

  20. Massive Multiplayer Online Gaming: A Research Framework for Military Training and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-03-01

    The acquisition of a scientific understanding of electricity: Hands-on versus computer simulation experience; conceptual change versus didactic text...have to teach us about learning and literacy . Palgrave, NY: MacMillan. Gokhale, A. A. (1996). Effectiveness of computer simulation for enhancing...Nicholas Publishers. Steinkuehler, C. A. (2003). Massively multiplayer online videogames as a constellation of literacy practices. Paper presented at

  1. Managing the Ethnic Factor in the Russian and Soviet Armed Forces. An Historical Overview,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-01

    Stephen M., "The Democratic Counterrevolution: Komuch and the Civil War on the Volga," Canadian-American Slavic Studies , Vol. VII, No. 4, Winter 1973...34 Canadian Slavic Studies , Vol. 4, No. 4, Winter 1970, pp. 721- 735. Mackintosh, Malcolm, Juggernaut, Macmillan Company, New York, 1967. Madatov

  2. Using Color to Separate Reflection Components.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-02

    irvestigated. 5.1 Acknowledgements The author would like to thank Fred Billmeyer , of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and David MacAdam, of the Optics...from Rough Surfaces. MacMillan, 1963. Pages 1-33,70-98. S[3] Billmeyer , Fred W. Jr. Private communication. [4] Blinn, J. F. Models of Light Reflection

  3. Effect of Health Insurance on Demand for Outpatient Medical Care in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ahavugimana

    instance, in the Rwanda Economic Development and Poverty Reduction. Strategy (EDPRS .... effect of insurance on utilization may vary across population, geographical location, the ..... men because of the time they spend taking care of the elderly and other people with .... Macmillan Publishing Company. 26. Grossman M.

  4. Language and Culture Training: Separate Paths?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    Culture and Language Center Website, <www.culture.af.edu/> (21 November 2008). 9. Claire Kramsch , Language and Culture (New York: Oxford University Press...New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004). 12. Claire Kramsch , ed., Language Acquisition and Language Socialization (London: Continuum Books, 2002

  5. An Evaluation of the Educational Effectiveness of a Relational Course Compared to Single Topic Courses Offered by the Management Department of the United States Air Force

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-09-01

    James T. and P. George Benson. Statisic for Business and Economics. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1992. 91 Bibliography Bateson , Gregory . Steps to...contemporary learning theory (Novak 1977) is the sine qua non of higher education is ’learning to learn’ ( Bateson 1973; Senge 1990): creating structure and

  6. Post Cold War Nuclear Weapons Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-20

    in a nuclear exchange: both sides will suffer unacceptable damage. Historian Gerard J. DeGroot described “MAD” by saying, “If you want a stable...Macmillan, 2003), 47. 2 Ibid., 48. 3 Ibid., 49. 4 Ibid., 53. 5 Ibid., 62. 6 Gerard J. DeGroot , The Bomb, (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University

  7. Theory, its Impact on Military Doctrinal and Organizational Change during a Time of War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-14

    11. 21 Ford, p. 7. 22 Sun Tzu, ed. James Clavell , The Art of War (Delacorte Press: New York, 1983), pp. 15, 26, 82. 11 follows. ar. mini. ne...Aviation, 31July 2005: pp. 14-18. Chandler, David G. The Campaigns of Napoleon. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. Inc., 1996. Clavell , James

  8. The Strategic Defense Initiative and the End of the Cold War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-01

    Evangelista, Turning Points in Arms Control, ed. Richard K. Herrmann and Richard Ned Lebow, Ending the Cold War (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004), p. 83...Evangelista, Matthew. Turning Points in Arms Control. Edited by Richard K. Herrmann and Richard Ned Lebow, Ending the Cold War. New York: Palgrave

  9. Räägi, mälupoliitika / Maria Mälksoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mälksoo, Maria, 1979-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Memory and Power in Post-War Europe. Studies in the Presence of the Past. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2002 ; The Politics of Memory in Postwar Europe. Duke University Press, Durham and London, 2006 ; Memory, Trauma and World Politics. Reflections on the Relationship Between Past and Present. Palgrave Macmillan. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, 2006

  10. OLUMIDE FAMUYIWA∗

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    OLAWUYI

    Nigerian Banking Sector Reforms: Power and Politics (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) 18 –. 140, provides an ... regulators to exercise their oversight powers to check stock ...... have acted in bad faith.68 Arguably, four policy justifications could be ..... excess of N50, 000, to any entity in which that bank or any.

  11. Multigrid Relaxation Methods and the Analysis of Lightness, Shading, and Flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-10-01

    performed in parallel by many locally Coilut1in.0 tine trncsors dist i ibtti n conp)utItional netw~orks or grids. l poc , 1. arrle algi.rnI dr appealing in...of Color Vision, Macmillan. Braddick, 0.. Campbell, F.W., and Atkinson, J., [1978], "Channels in vision. basic aspects," Handbook of Sensory

  12. Solitonic lattice and Yukawa forces in the rare-earth orthoferrite TbFeO3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Artyukhin, Sergey; Mostovoy, Maxim; Jensen, Niels Paduraru

    2012-01-01

    The random fluctuations of spins give rise to many interesting physical phenomena, such as the 'order-from-disorder' arising in frustrated magnets and unconventional Cooper pairing in magnetic superconductors. Here we show that the exchange of spin waves between extended topological defects...... to the pion-mediated Yukawa interaction between protons and neutrons in nuclei. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved....

  13. Large Bilateral Reductions in Superpower Nuclear Weapons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-07-01

    different approaches. An example from the West European peace studies perspective is Galtung (1984). A more wide- 40 -’. o °. " .’....’,’. . "o...Freedman, and Baylis, MacMillan Press, LTD, 1983, pp.7 8 -1 1 5 . 218 fa. 6 Galtung , Johan, There are Alternatives: Four Roads to Peace and Security

  14. What lessons can operational planners infer from the NATO Partnership for Peace Program for the execution of contemporary US Regionally Aligned Force and UK Adaptable Force Security Cooperation missions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-26

    Politics (United Kingdom: C Hurst & Co Publishers, 2012), 211-213. 114 Lukas Milevski , “Revisiting J.C. Wylie”s Dichotomy of Strategy: The Effects of...European Strategic Culture: Changing Norms on Security and Defence in the European Union. 1st ed. BASINGSTOKE: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. Milevski

  15. Design of Gages for Direct Skin Friction Measurements in Complex Turbulent Flows with Shock Impingement Compensation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-07

    www.ansys.com/ 30 Figliola, p. 87-91. 31 Pilkey, p. 564. 32 Fogiel, p. 1112. 33 Hibbeler , R.C. Engineering Mechanics Static and Dynamics 5th Edition...Macmillan Publishing Company, Inc., New York, 1989 pp. 486, 511. 34 Hibbeler , pp. 486, 511. 35 Figliola, p. 89. 36 Fogiel, p. 258. 37

  16. Aggression Against Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andriy Tyushka

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Review Essay: Of Thomas D. Grant. Aggression Against Ukraine: Territory, Responsibility, and International Law. Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. xxx, 283 pp. Treaties and Other International Texts. Cases. Municipal Instruments and Other State Documents. Abbreviations. Notes. Bibliography. Index. $105.50, cloth.

  17. Nonlinear Dynamics and Control of Wings and Panels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Advanced Tactical fighter, to p(x, y, 0) = aerodynamic pressure name a few. Dugundji ’ published an excellent paper on early Q(t = generalized force...Macmillan, ’ Dugundji , J., "Theoretical Considerations of Panel Flutter at High New York, 1967. Supersonic Mach Numbers," AIAA Journal, Vol. 4, No. 7

  18. Situation Tracking in Large Data Streams

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-01

    tell about what they see, even if they see little.” ( Kahneman , D. 2011, pp87-88). This leads us to believe that narrative is vital for understanding...233 Kahneman , D. 2011. Thinking, fast and slow. Macmillan. Lakoff, G. 1987. Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things. The University of Chicago Press

  19. Alienation and Militancy in the Niger Delta : Hostage Taking and the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    through a neglect of development, and promotion of political thuggery in the electoral .... in relation to hostage taking in the Niger Delta. The third section ...... Delhi, India: Macmillan,. India Limited. .... Ile Ife: University of Ife Press. Worika, I.L. ...

  20. Software Merge: Semantics of Combining Changes to Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    Maclane and G. Birkhoff, Algebra, Macmillan, New York, 1967.._ 18. J. McKinsey and A. Tarski, "The Algebra of Topology", Annals of Mathematics 45, 1 (Jan...1944), 14-1-191. 28 19. J. McKinsey and A. Tarski, "On Closed Elements in Closure Alggebras", Annals of Mathematics 47, 1 (Jan. 1946), 122 - 162. 20

  1. On the Presentation of Metaphors in a Learners' Dictionary%论隐喻在学习词典中的表现方式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武继红

    2010-01-01

    文章通过介绍Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners(2nd Edition)和Collins Cobuild English Guides 7:Metaphor 中的隐喻呈现方式,探讨了双语词典如何在释义、例证、用法信息和词源中表现隐喻.

  2. The Solution Economy: Getting Everybody Into the Act

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingo Keilitz

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article is a review of William D. Eggers and Paul Macmillan book, The Solution Revolution: How Business, Government, and Social Enterprises Are Teaming Up to Solve Society’s Toughest Problems (Boston, MA: Harvard Business Review Press, 2013, 292 pages.

  3. The Solution Economy: Getting Everybody Into the Act

    OpenAIRE

    Ingo Keilitz

    2015-01-01

    This article is a review of William D. Eggers and Paul Macmillan book, The Solution Revolution: How Business, Government, and Social Enterprises Are Teaming Up to Solve Society’s Toughest Problems (Boston, MA: Harvard Business Review Press, 2013, 292 pages).

  4. Wortschatzliste und Synonyme: Hermann Hesse, "Siddhartha" (Vocabulary List and Synonyms for Hermann Hesse's "Siddhartha").

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartzburg, John A.

    This vocabulary and synonym list for Hermann Hesse's "Siddhartha" (presently on the German Advanced Placement Program required reading list) is keyed to the Dunham and Wensinger edition published by the Macmillan Company. Selected German vocabulary found on each page of the text is briefly translated into English or clarified through the…

  5. A Near to Far Transformation using Spherical Expansions Phase 1: Verification on Simulated Antennas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    kind are defined in Arfken as [3, Equation 11.150]: h(2)n (r) := √ π 2r H (2) n+1/2(r), (3) where H (2) n (r) is the Hankel function of the second...2] Andrews, Larry C. [1985] Special Functions for Engineers and Applied Mathe- maticians, Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, NY. [3] Arfken [1970

  6. Analysis of the Localization of Michelson Interferometer Fringes Using Fourier Optics and Temporal Coherence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narayanamurthy, C. S.

    2009-01-01

    Fringes formed in a Michelson interferometer never localize in any plane, in the detector plane and in the localization plane. Instead, the fringes are assumed to localize at infinity. Except for some explanation in "Principles of Optics" by Born and Wolf (1964 (New York: Macmillan)), the fringe localization phenomena of Michelson's interferometer…

  7. Räägi, mälupoliitika / Maria Mälksoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mälksoo, Maria, 1979-

    2010-01-01

    Arvustus: Memory and Power in Post-War Europe. Studies in the Presence of the Past. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2002 ; The Politics of Memory in Postwar Europe. Duke University Press, Durham and London, 2006 ; Memory, Trauma and World Politics. Reflections on the Relationship Between Past and Present. Palgrave Macmillan. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, 2006

  8. Battle Staff Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-02-01

    Schacter, Ellertson, McBride and Gregory. 1951; Seashore, 1954; Speroff , 1968). Cohesive groups usually have strong norms; however, the important...2nd ed.), The Macmillan Company, New York, 1957b. Slim, W.J. Defeat into Victory. David McKay Co., Inc., New York, 1961. Speroff , B.J. "Sociometry

  9. 78 FR 33437 - United States v. Apple, Inc., et al.; Public Comments and Response on Proposed Final Judgment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-04

    ... Antitrust Division United States v. Apple, Inc., et al.; Public Comments and Response on Proposed Final... Macmillan in United States v. Apple, Inc., et al., Civil Action No. 12-CV-2826 (DLC), which was filed in the... for the Southern District of New York UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff, v. APPLE, INC., et...

  10. Auditory Pattern Memory: Mechanisms of Tonal Sequence Discrimination by Human Observers

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-10-30

    and Creelman (1977) in a study of categorical perception. Tanner’s model included a short-term decaying memory for the acoustic input to the system plus...auditory pattern components, J. &Coust. Soc. 91 Am., 76, 1037- 1044. Macmillan, N. A., Kaplan H. L., & Creelman , C. D. (1977). The psychophysics of

  11. The Illusion of Control: Great Powers Interacting with Tribal Societies and Weak Nation-states

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-01

    Organization. Edited by Talcott Parsons . (New York: Free Press, 1964), 382 as cited in Alagappa, Muthiah Political Legitimacy in Southeast Asia: The Quest...Fulfillment of British Rule in India. London: Macmillan and Co., 1934. Weber, Max. Theory of Social and Economic Organization. Edited by Talcott Parsons

  12. Jihad: Islamic Thought and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    the last century, attempts have been made to reinterpret the prevailing doctrine of jihad. Sayyid Ahmad Khan (1817-1898) believed that the interests of...of Religion, vol.10, edited by Mircea Eliade, MacMillan Publishing Co., New York, 1987, pp.463-468. 4. Rahman, Fazlur . "Islam: An Overview." The

  13. Calculation of the temporal gravity variation from spatially variable water storage change in soils and aquifers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leiriao, Silvia; He, Xin; Christiansen, Lars

    2009-01-01

    Total water storage change in the subsurface is a key component of the global, regional and local water balances. It is partly responsible for temporal variations of the earth's gravity field in the micro-Gal (1 mu Gal = 10(-8) m s(-2)) range. Measurements of temporal gravity variations can thus...... an accurate 3D gravity effect. The method is implemented in MATLAB and can be used jointly with any hydrological simulation tool. The method is composed of three components: the prism formula, the MacMillan formula and the point-mass approximation. With increasing normalized distance between the storage prism...... and the measurement location the algorithm switches first from the prism equation to the MacMillan formula and finally to the simple point-mass approximation. The method was used to calculate the gravity signal produced by an aquifer pump test. Results are in excellent agreement with the direct numerical integration...

  14. An Engineered Anisotropic Nanofilm with Unidirectional Wetting Properties

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    to walk on water, butterflies to shed water from their wings and plants to trap insects and pollen . Capturing these natural features in biomimetic...butterfly wing water repellency3 and plant pollination4. In each case, such surfaces usually comprise millions of organized structures per square...MATERIALS | ADVANCE ONLINE PUBLICATION | www.nature.com/naturematerials 1 © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved . Report Documentation

  15. 评"Fundamentals of Vibrations"(Meirovitch 著)%Comment on Meirovitch's "Fundamentals of Vibrations"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈立群

    2006-01-01

    @@ Leonard Meirovitch教授的(Fundamentals of Vibrations,McGraw-Hill,2001)近年来被多所国外高校采纳为研究生的教材.Meirovitch教授撰写过多部不同层次的振动教材,除将评介的书外,还包括(Macmillan,1967),(McGraw-Hill,1970,1985),(PrenticeHall,1997).

  16. A Guide to the Study and Use of Military History

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    Rome’s Supremacy. New York: Viking Press. 1969. Denison, George T. History of Cavalry. 2nd ed. London: Macmillan, 1913. Diaz del Castillo , Bernal . The...refining added silver to the gold which supported Philip in Europe. The classics are Bernal Diaz del Castillo’s The Conquest of New Spain (written in...8217 Republic of), 265, 266Castaneda, Carlos, 193 official military histories of, Castel, Albert, 201 426-427Castillo, Bernal Diaz del, 104 China (Taiwan

  17. Promoting the Contributions of Willing and Able States: Australia’s Response to Transnational Extremism

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-15

    Terrorism: The Threat to Australia (Australia: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 2004), viii. 33 Greg Fealy and Aldo Borgu , “Local Jihad...Walid Phares, Future Jihad: Terrorist Strategies Against America (United States: Palgrave MacMillan, 2005), 202-203. 36 Aldo Borgu , “Understanding...Butts and Reynolds, 126. 108 Rolfe, 7. 109 Australian Government, Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet, xi. 110 Borgu , 9. 111 Eric G. John., “The

  18. New Economics Books

    OpenAIRE

    Economics Library, Journal of

    2016-01-01

    A wide ranged Editor Selection of economic books published within the last 3 months by the publishers (for now; Cambridge University Press, Edward Elgar, Elsevier, MIT Press, Palgrave MacMillan, Springer, Wiley, and World Scientific) which are reached out “the consensus of no copyright infringement exists” could be found under this title. Afterwards, JEL will continue to publish the economic books published within the last 3 months as listing them in its quarter edition. This is expected to e...

  19. C2 Domain Ontology within Our Lifetime

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    process or an event). [21] Figure 1, adopted from [16], depicts the concept of ontological levels for a post office application based on the Husserl ...University, NJ, 2008. [23] Husserl , E., Id Macmillan. 1931. [24] Basic Formal Ontology (multiple references and artifacts): http://www.ifomis.org/bfo/BFO...Applied Ontology An Introduction, pp 39-56, Transaction Books, Rutgers University, NJ, 2008.  [23] Husserl , E., Ideas: General Introduction to Pure

  20. Vaccine Immunotherapy for Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-07-01

    26. Council on Pharmacy and Chemistry: Absorbable Gelatin sponge-new and nonofficial remedies. JAMA 135:921, 1947. 27. Goodman LS, Gilman A... Goodman LS, Gilman A: Surface-acting drugs, in The Pharmacologic Basis of Therapeutics, ed 6. New York, MacMillan Publishing Co. p 955 , 1980 28...Gelatin sponge-new and nonofficial remedies. JAMA 135:921, 1947. 47. Goodman LS, Gilman A: Surface-acting drugs, in The Pharmacologic Basis of

  1. The Eden Cookbook

    OpenAIRE

    Walsh, Eleanor; Durkin, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Published by Gill & MacMillan, Hume Avenue, Park West, Dublin 12 in 2007. Photographs by Hugh MCElveen, Index compiled by Cover to Cover, book design and typesetting by Anú Design, Tara. Printed by GraphyCems, Spain. Eden's most popular dishes are revealed in this cookbook. 255p., col. ill. 25 cm. http://arrow.dit.ie/irckbooks/1077/thumbnail.jpg

  2. In Athena’s Camp; Preparing for a Conflict in the Information Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    South Atlantic (New York: Macmillan, 1983); and, from the Argentine point of view, B.H. Andrada, Guerra Aerea en lasMalvinas (Buenos Aires: Emece...and Armando Martinez, "Comentarios Sobre la Guerra de Red Zap- atista," published in Spanish in Sergio Aguayo Quezada and John Bailey (coords.), Las...Seguridades de Mexico y Estados Unidos en un Momento de Transition, Mexico City: Siglo Veintiuno Editores, 1997, pp. 320-346. Used by permission

  3. Validation and Evaluation of Army Aviation Collective Performance Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Christopher Sullivan , current and previous Directors of Simulation, for their support of this project. The authors also thank LTC Michael Hansen, MAJ...measures was supported by the SPOTLITE application (Jackson, et al., 2008; MacMillan, et al., in press; Wiese, Nungesser, Marceau, Puglisi, & Frost , 2007...Marceau, R., Puglisi, M., & Frost , B. (2007). Assessing trainee performance in field and simulation-based training: Development and pilot study results

  4. Subordinate Perception and Evaluation of Leaders Who Differ on a Personal Characteristic: Are Leaders Interchangeable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    questionnaire format . Each condition described a leader, the respondent’s immediate superior, in a decision-making situation. Four independent variables were...York: Macmillan, 1949. Asch , S.E. The doctrine of suggestion, prestige and imitation in social psychology. Psychological Review, 1948, 55, 250-276...you in the hall. Be was impressed by the outline for the research approach that you and your colleague both advocate. In many ways the outline differs

  5. A Historical Perspective on Active Citizens Law Enforcement Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    Oscar Newman , Community of Interest (Garden City, Anchor Press, 1980), 46. 3 Ronald L. Boostrom and Joel H. Henderson "Community Action and Crime...Yin, Coffey and Lavrakas, and Newman. 0% 28 Oscar Newman supports the view that citizens of a community have a major role in crime control. He...Prevention," Community Crime Prevention, ed. Dennis P. Rosenbaum (Beverly Hills: Sage, 1986), 41. 7 Oscar Newman , Defensible Space (New York: MacMillan, 1972

  6. Vene-Gruusia sõda 2008. aastal ja rahvusvaheline õigus / Lauri Mälksoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mälksoo, Lauri, 1975-

    2010-01-01

    Artikkel põhineb Tartu Ülikooli professori inauguratsiooniloengul, mis toimus 12. mail 2010 Tartus. Loeng käsitleb Vene-Gruusia sõja põhiallikaid (Heidi Tagliavini raport "Independent international fact-finding mission on the conflict in Georgia. Report. (10.05.2010)" ; Ronald Asmus. A little war that shook the world. Palgrave Macmillan, 2010) ja rahvusvahelise-õiguse probleeme

  7. Vene-Gruusia sõda 2008. aastal ja rahvusvaheline õigus / Lauri Mälksoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mälksoo, Lauri, 1975-

    2010-01-01

    Artikkel põhineb Tartu Ülikooli professori inauguratsiooniloengul, mis toimus 12. mail 2010 Tartus. Loeng käsitleb Vene-Gruusia sõja põhiallikaid (Heidi Tagliavini raport "Independent international fact-finding mission on the conflict in Georgia. Report. (10.05.2010)" ; Ronald Asmus. A little war that shook the world. Palgrave Macmillan, 2010) ja rahvusvahelise-õiguse probleeme

  8. Parameters, U.S. Army War College Quarterly. Volume 22, Number 2, Spring 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    someone in the vigor of his or her early twenties has the hustle and stamina to lead a platoon of teenage soldiers in the field. Apparently...sustained it well into the 1970s. If Sino-Soviet rapprochement had occurred in the 1960s instead of Sino-American rap - prochement in the 1970s...the human cost it entails in the interest of alliance harmony. Altogether, an excellent read. The Banana Wars. By Ivan Musicant . New York: Macmillan

  9. Effective Manning of the U.S. Merchant Fleet

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-01

    of billets on U.S.-flag merchant ships, 1,000 grt and over. Excludes vessels on inland waterways. Great Lakes , and those owned by or operated for the...unions and are trained at training schools. All the maritime academies, with the exception of Great Lakes Maritime Academy, are four-year...Held at Elsinore , Denmark, by the International Institute for Labour Studies, September 13-21. New York: Macmillan & Co. Binkhorst, Din P. J

  10. Demand for Health Insurance by Military Retirees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-01

    dollars, it lowers OOP expenses, and they are financially risk averse. Insurance choice can be viewed as a three-step process. First, determine the...Journal of Public Economics 3 (1974): 303–328. 30 William H. Greene, Econometric Analysis (New York: Macmillan, 1990), 696. 17 expect the...population weights from the HCBSs with STATA software. 26 Table 7. Logit Model of Health Insurance Choice for Military Retirees Variable

  11. Network Security Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    Jan 89, p. 10. 16 J. Madeleine Nash, "Power Station in a Pizza Box," Time, 24 Apr 89, p. 51. Kenneth C. Laudon and Jane P. Laudon, Management...access to perform unauthorized acts. Most of the acts have been to steal money, some examples include, a chief teller stealing $1 million by usirng...6. Laudon, Kenneth C. and Laudon, Jane P. Management Information Systems, New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1988. Levitan, Arlan. "The Trojan Wars

  12. Theater Missile Defenses and U.S. Foreign Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    and Joseph Rotblat (London: Macmillan Press, 1987), p. 171. 11 dowry " to alleviate European fears of being left defenseless as the U.S. retreated behind...surface missile, the design of which came from reverse-engineering of U.S. Nike-Hercules surface-to-air missiles. 59 India could be on the verge of...indigenous production with the testing of its Privthi missile. India has also demonstrated successful development of an indigenous space launch capacity

  13. A Cybernetic Analysis of the Application of MIL-STD-1567A, Work Measurement, to Weapon Systems Acquisition Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-09-01

    Press, 1988. 146 16. Fuller, R. Buckminster. Synergetics I. New York: Macmillan Publishers, 1975. 17. Goldratt , Eliyahu M. and Jeff Fox. The Goal...VSM) and Eliyahu M. Goldratt’s Theory of Constraints. The research method involved a detailed literature review of Work Measurement, managerial...recently, Eliyahu M. Goldratt’s, Theory of Constraints (TOC) (18) What each of these new management philosophies have in common is a paradigmic

  14. Bringing Back the Past: The Impact of Procuring Low-Tech Strike Assets on Air Force Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    enforcement and drug interdiction). It follows from these roles that “ penny packets” of LAAR will be made available to ground commanders, resulting in highly...United States Marine Corps (New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1980), 6. 19 the Indian, Mexican, and Spanish -American Wars. In the famous...Winfield Scott.47 However, following the Mexican and Spanish -American Wars, amphibious assault became a forgotten art for the Marines, largely due to

  15. Regulatory T cell memory

    OpenAIRE

    Rosenblum, Md; Way, SS; Abbas, AK

    2015-01-01

    © 2015 Nature Publishing Group, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited. All Rights Reserved. Memory for antigen is a defining feature of adaptive immunity. Antigen-specific lymphocyte populations show an increase in number and function after antigen encounter and more rapidly re-expand upon subsequent antigen exposure. Studies of immune memory have primarily focused on effector B cells and T cells with microbial specificity, using prime–challenge models of infection. However, recent work ...

  16. Book review: Popular culture in Asia: memory, city, celebrity by Lorna Fitzsimmons and John A. Lent

    OpenAIRE

    Moreno-Tabarez, Ulises

    2014-01-01

    "Popular Culture in Asia." Lorna Fitzsimmons and John A. Lent (eds). Palgrave Macmillan. May 2013. --- Popular Culture in Asia consists of studies of film, music, television, anime, architecture, and computer-mediated communication in China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines, Malaysia, and Singapore. It aims to provide perspectives on relationships between Asian popular culture and a number of major socio-political issues and movements, including war responsibility, democratization,...

  17. Organizational Leadership in Crisis: The 31st Regimental Combat Team at Chosin Reservoir, Korea, 24 November-2 December 1950

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-16

    Collection, USAMHI, Carlisle, PA, 2. 3Martin Russ, Breakout: The Chosin Reservoir Campaign, Korea, 1950 (New York: Fromm International, 1999), 84...War. New York: Macmillan Company, 1963. Goulden, Joseph C. Korea: The Untold Story of the War. New York: Times Books, 2002. Hammel, Eric . Chosin...Breakout: The Chosin Reservoir Campaign, Korea, 1950. New York: Fromm International, 1999. Simpkin, Richard. Race to the Swift: Thoughts on Twenty

  18. ESR Base: An Electron Spin Resonance Spectrum Baseline Correction Routine Using Chebyschev Polynomials

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-03-01

    Arfken , G.," Mathematical Methods for Physicists", 3rd Edition, Orlando, Florida: Academic Press, Inc. (1985). 2. Draper, N.R. and H. Smith, "Applied...34, New York: Macmillan Publishing Co, Inc. (1970). 4. Ralston, A., and H. Wilf, Eds, " Mathematical Methods for Digital Computers", New York: John Wiley...a high degree of certainty and ease. METHOD OF LEAST-SQUARES: If one considers the ESR spectral baseline to be, in general, a line possessing some

  19. The U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues. Volume 2: National Security Policy and Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    Policy: Purpose and Adaptation, New York: Collier MacMillan, 1985, p. 7. For an excellent analysis of how the generation of Pearl Harbor dealt with...on Pearl Harbor 60 years earlier.2 The terrorist attacks were stunning not only in the tragedy they produced, but also as demon- strations of the...surprisingly, inter- state rivalry propelled by Fritz Fischer’s Griff nach der Weltmacht (Strike for World Power) gave rise to theoretical perspectives

  20. An Analysis of the Multiple Objective Capital Budgeting Problem via Fuzzy Linear Integer (0-1) Programming.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-05-31

    34 AIIE Transac- tions, Vol. 11, Nc, 1, March 1979, pp. 61-69. (8] Taylor, Bernard and Keown , Arthur J., "A Goal Programming Application of Capital...Programming," OMEGA, Vol. 1, No. 2, April 1973, pp. 193-205. [29] Lee, S. M., and Keown , Arthur J., "Integer Goal Programming Model for Capital...Hadley, G., Linear Algebra, Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., Inc., Reading, MA, 1961. [60] Zuckerman, Martin M., Sets and Transfinite Numbers, Macmillan

  1. Marius and Trajan: Two Great Roman Strategists

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-04-01

    Encyclopedia of World Biography, Vol VII. New York, New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1973. 8. McGraw-Hill. The Encyclopedia of World ...Roman Soldier. Ithaca, New York: Cornell Uni- versity Press, 1969. 15. Webster, Graham. The Roman Imperial Army. New York, New York: Funk and Wagnalls ...Illinois: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc., 1952. 11. Robinson, Charles Alexander, Jr. Ancient History. New York, New York: The Macmillan

  2. Human Dimensions of Strategic Leadership : A Selected Bibliogrpahy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Psychology 25, no. 3 (September 2010): 367-380. EBSCO OmniFile Donigian, Aram, and Jeff Weiss. “A Failure to Engage: Current Negotiation Strategies...Journal for Quality & Participation 35, no. 2 (July 2012): 25-30. EBSCO OmniFile Woodward, Ian, and Elizabeth More. “Leadership Communication at the...Domenec. Management Ethics: Placing Ethics at the Core of Good Management. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. 191pp. EBSCO E-book Metcalfe, Hal G

  3. Role of Myelofibrosis in Hematotoxicity of Munition RDX Environmental Degradation Product MNX

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    marrow toxicity including fibrosis. In addition, effects of parent RDX on selected endpoints will be assessed to provide structure -activity information...Fig. 2). Peripheral granulocytes are comprised of neutrophils, basophils , eosinophils and monocytes. Although the CELL-DYNE blood analyzer...colleagues (MacMillan, Denise, et al.) on disposition and metabolism of RDX and MNX is currently undergoing internal review and will be submitted for

  4. Matrix stiffness drives Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition and tumour metastasis through a TWIST1-G3BP2 mechanotransduction pathway

    OpenAIRE

    Wei, SC; Fattet, L; Tsai, JH; Guo, Y.; Pai, VH; Majeski, HE; Chen, AC; Sah, RL; Taylor, SS; ENGLER, AJ; Yang, J.

    2015-01-01

    © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Matrix stiffness potently regulates cellular behaviour in various biological contexts. In breast tumours, the presence of dense clusters of collagen fibrils indicates increased matrix stiffness and correlates with poor survival. It is unclear how mechanical inputs are transduced into transcriptional outputs to drive tumour progression. Here we report that TWIST1 is an essential mechanomediator that promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in respon...

  5. University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center: U01 Natural Products Screening | Office of Cancer Genomics

    Science.gov (United States)

    The goal of this project was to enlarge the chemical space probed by Project 1 (High-Throughput siRNA Screening of a Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cell Line Panel) by screening an expanded natural products library (~40,000) in an effort to further define vulnerabilities and therapeutic targets in non-small cell lung cancer. This new library is derived from a diverse collection of marine bacteria (prepared by Dr. John MacMillan, University of Texas Southwestern).

  6. Bruk og definisjoner av 'entrepreneurial mindset' i faglitteratur : en litteraturstudie

    OpenAIRE

    Foss, Maria

    2016-01-01

    The theme for this thesis is Entrepreneurial Mindset (EM). EM describes the way entrepreneurs think. The expression was first used in 2000 by McGrath and MacMillan, but is still heavily used especially in popular management science. My goal with this thesis is to see how EM is defined in academic literature. My research question is How is Entrepreneurial Mindset Defined in Academic Literature from the last 15 years?

  7. Communicative Skills: A Selected Bibliography. Revised.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-01

    N544) Partridge, Eric. A DICTIONARY OF SLANG AND UNCONVENTIONAL ENGLISH, ed. by Paul Beale. 8th ed. New York: Macmillan, 1984. (PE3721 P3 1984) Piaget ...Fitzpatrick, William G., and Good, C. Edward. DOES YOUR PESUME WEAR COMBAT BOOTS? Charlottesville: Blue Jean - Press, 1990. (HF5383 F57 1990) Fliegel, Robert A...34 (PE1408 W62 1981) QUESTIONNAIRES Converse, Jean M., and Presser, Stanley. SURVEY QUESTIONS: HANDCRAFTING THE STANDARDIZED QUESTIONNAIRES. Newbury Park

  8. Weight Change Following US Military Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-10

    greater prevalence of overweight and/or obesity than non-veterans of similar age and sex.4 - 7 This paradox suggests that the rate of weight gain...SylveSt~ Road . ... Stm Diego, Caljfomia 92106-3521 . . . International Journal of Obesity (20 1 2) 1 10 © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Umited All rights...Powell3 and TC Smith3 for the Millennium Cohort Study Team BACKGROUND: Although overweight and obesity are less prevalent among active-duty military

  9. Prioritizing Efforts to Improve Foreign Public Opinion of America: Applying a Business Model to Discover and Create Customer Value

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-12-01

    News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/1493128.stm. Last accessed 13 November 2007. Kotler , P . & Keller, K. (2006). Marketing management. 12...December 2001)......37 Table 6. Foreign Favorability Ratings of the U.S. (From: Pew Research Center, 2002, p . 54)...............38 Table 7. Foreign...Views on U.S. Unilateralism and GWOT (From: Pew Research Center, 2002, p . 58)........39 Table 8. Attribute Map (After: McGrath and MacMillan, 2005

  10. International Research at ARI: The European Science Coordination Office

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    Personality and Individual Differences , 1, 341-346. Hallam, R. & Rachman, S. (1983). Psychological effects of a training course...courage in paratroopers undergoing training. Personality and Individual Differences , 2, 373-378. Macmillan, T. & Rachman, S. (1987). Fearlessness and...Behavior Therapy, 15, 109-120. Rachman, S. & McMillan, T.M. (1988). Fearlessness and courage in paratroopers undergoing training, Personality and Individual Differences ,

  11. Meta-Analysis of Armed service Vocational Aptitude Battery Subtest Validity Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-12-01

    Personality and Individual Differences , 4, 591-599. 51 Hawk, J. (1986). Real world implications of g. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 29, 411...New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc. Jensen, A. R. (1983). Effects of inbreeding on mental ability factors. Personality and Individual Differences , 4... and Individual Differences , 7, 201-207. Palmer, P., Hartke, D. D., Ree, M. J., Welsh, J. R. & Valentine, L. D. Jr. (1988). Armed Services

  12. Secure Information Sharing in a Defense Support to Civil Authorities Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-12

    Controlled Information (CUI), however CUI is not in general usage yet. 4 John Elting , Swords Around a Throne (London, Collier MacMillan Publishers 1988...Research shows Cyber Attack Could cost US 50 times more than Katrina”, Market Wire, July 2007 Available at http://findarticles.com/p/ articles /mi_pwwi... articles /2002/03/03/IT-security-calls-for-collaboration.aspx Accessed on 7 February 2009. 21 organization. This team of 10 – 12 soldiers has the same

  13. John Potts, The New Time and Space

    OpenAIRE

    Murat, Jean-Christophe

    2016-01-01

    John Potts, Professor of Media at Macquarie University, Australia, is no newcomer to the domain of media studies. Some of his outstanding publications, like Radio in Australia (New South Wales University Press, 1989), Culture and Technology (with Andrew Murphie, Palgrave Macmillan, 2002) and Technologies of Magic (co-edited with Edward Scheer, Sydney: Power Publications, 2011), have established his credentials and revealed the versatility of his knowledge in the field. The New Time and Space,...

  14. Planning for Post-Regime Change Environments: The Introduction of a Post-Regime Environment Planning Partnership (PREPP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-26

    Ainley, Understanding International Relations , 4th ed. (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), 80. 27 Allison and Zelikow, Essence of Decision, 307...feasible options to those decision-making bodies capable of ratification. 33 Brown and Ainley, Understanding International Relations , 238. 34 Daalder and...led to a decline in US-Libya relations to include international sanctions, which lasted for almost four decades. At the end of December 2008, the

  15. The Scattering of Partially Coherent Electromagnetic Beam Illumination from Statistically Rough Surfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-19

    efforts of Dainty [86], Fujii and Asakura [87, 88], Pedersen [89], Goodman [90], Parry [91], and Yoshimura et al. [92]. A recent text written by...Laser Systems, (Directed Energy Professional Society, 2011). 5. R. A. Motes, S. A. Shakir, and R. W. Berdine, Introduction to High Power Fiber ...Light in Fiber Optics, (PolaWave Group, 2003). 31. L. Rayleigh, The Theory of Sound, 2nd ed. (MacMillan, 1896). 32. L. Rayleigh, “Polish,” Nature 64

  16. Discovering One’s Own C.L.R. James

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony P. Maingot

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Review of:C.L.R. James and the Study of Culture. Andrew Smith. Houndsmills, Basingstoke, U.K.: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010. vi + 174 pp. (Cloth US$ 80.00You Don’t Play With Revolution: The Montreal Lectures of C.L.R. James. David Austin (ed.. Oakland CA: A.K. Press, 2009. viii + 334 pp. (Paper US$ 18.95

  17. Book review: How Labour governments fall: from Ramsay MacDonald to Gordon Brown, edited by Timothy Heppell and Kevin Theakston

    OpenAIRE

    Goes, Eunice

    2014-01-01

    "How Labour Governments Fall: From Ramsay MacDonald to Gordon Brown." Timothy Heppell and Kevin Theakston. Palgrave Macmillan. August 2013. --- The previous Labour Government lost office after the party’s longest stint in Government, eventually losing power under Gordon Brown against a backdrop of intellectual fatigue and economic crisis. Eunice Goes reviews Timothy Heppell and Kevin Theakston’s impressive new book on the fall of Labour Governments, and finds recurring themes echoing down th...

  18. Peacetime Industrial Preparedness for Wartime Ammunition Production

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-01

    Secretary of Defense Harold Brown is offered. Following a discussion of actions taken to redress prior materiel readiness shortfalls, the Secretary...York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1978), pp. 315-316. 3. Harold Brown , Report of the Secretary of Defense to the Congress on the FY 1980 Budget...encompasses activities which range from the "Dante’s Inferno " of a metal parts plant to the antiseptically clean environment of a load, assemble, and pack

  19. Environment, Politics and Governance in Latin America

    OpenAIRE

    Karen M. Siegel

    2016-01-01

    Environmental Governance in Latin America, edited by Fábio de Castro, Barbara Hogenboom, and Michiel Baud. Palgrave Macmillan, 2016.Environmental Politics in Latin America: Elite Dynamics, the Left Tide and Sustainable Development, edited by Benedicte Bull and Mariel Aguilar-Støen. Routledge, 2015.A Fragmented Continent: Latin America and the Global Politics of Climate Change, by Guy Edwards and J. Timmons Roberts. MIT Press, 2015.Ecuador’s Environmental Revolutions: Ecoimperialists, Ecodepen...

  20. Education and the Knowledge Military

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    military, sea power 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON a. REPORT...Education of a Citizen, (Honolulu: University Press of the Pacific, 2002), 22. 3 Thomas Dewey , Democracy and Education, (New York: The Macmillan...the United States‟ shipbuilding has been completed decimated by over-regualtion and and non- competitive labor costs. 29 India and China are well

  1. Neural Networks for Signal Processing 5. Proceedings of the 1995 IEEE Workshop (5th) Held in Cambridge, MA on 31 Aug-2 Sep 95.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    Classifiers - Application to Skin Lesion Classification 484 Mads Hintz-Madsen, Lars Kai Hansen, Jan Larsen, Eric Olesen and Krzysztof T. Drzewiecki A Study of...Acta Neurologica Scandinavia, 88, 273- 278, 1993 [9] Wu, F.Y. et al., Neural network approach in multichannel auditory event- related potential analysis...DigitalSignalProcessing. MacMillan, New York, 1992. 483 Design and Evaluation of Neural Classifiers Application to Skin Lesion Classification Mads Hintz-Madsen

  2. Pattern-Directed Attention in Uncertain Frequency Detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-10-14

    performance when compared to a single frequency condition even if the listeners are aware that more than one signal can occur ( Creelman , 1960; Green...be missed. On the-other hand, the multiple band approach, introduced by Green (1958) and modified by Creelman (1960), assumes that listeners base...multiple-band approaches ( Creelman , 1960; Green, 1961; Macmillan & Schwartz, 1975). In general, the two views are difficult to distinguish empirically, and

  3. Spectrographic determination of impurities in ammonium bifluoride. III. Study of the processes of vaporization, transport and excitation of the elements Al, B, Cu and Cr; Determinacion espectrografico de impurezas en bifluoruro amonico. III. Estudio de los procesos de volatilizacion, transporte y excitacion de los elementos Al, B, Cu, Cr

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alduan, F. A.; Roca, M.; Capdevila, C.

    1979-07-01

    The influences of the processes of vaporization, transport and excitation on the shape of the volatilization-excitation curves and on the values of the spectral-line intensities have been investigated in a method for the spectrographic determination of Al, B, Cu and Cr In ammonium bifluoride samples by direct current are excitation in Scribner type electrodes, with addition of different matrices (graphite, 63203, GeO{sub 2}, MgO and Zn0). The reaction products in the electrode cavity have been identified by X-ray powder diffraction analysis and the percentages of vaporized and diffused element evaluated through analysis by total-burning spectrographic methods. In addition, the values of both the number of particles entering the discharge column and the transport efficiencies have been calculated. Thus, the origin of most observed differences has been explained. (Author) 11 refs.

  4. Publications 2008

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Fabio Acerbi- « Euclid’s Pseudaria », Archive for History of Exact Sciences 62 (2008), pp. 511-551. - « Conjunction and Disjunction in Euclid’s Elements », Histoire, Épistémologie, Langage, 30, 2008, pp., 21-47. - Entrées : « Apollonius of Perga », « Archimedes », « Damianus of Larissa », « Hero of Alexandria », « Hypatia », in : N. Koertge (ed.), New Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Detroit, Ch. Scribner's Sons, 2008, vol. I, pp. 83-85 ; 85-91 ; 233-234 ; 283-286 ; 435-437. - « The meanin...

  5. Publications 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Fabio Acerbi- « Euclid’s Pseudaria », Archive for History of Exact Sciences 62 (2008, pp. 511-551.- « Conjunction and Disjunction in Euclid’s Elements », Histoire, Épistémologie, Langage, 30, 2008, pp., 21-47.- Entrées : « Apollonius of Perga », « Archimedes », « Damianus of Larissa », « Hero of Alexandria », « Hypatia », in : N. Koertge (ed., New Dictionary of Scientific Biography, Detroit, Ch. Scribner's Sons, 2008, vol. I, pp. 83-85 ; 85-91 ; 233-234 ; 283-286 ; 435-437.- « The meaning o...

  6. Reinventing Significance: Reflections on Recent Whiteness Studies in Zimbabwe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rory Pilossof

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Review Article: Josephine Lucy Fisher (2010, Pioneers, Settlers, Aliens, Exiles: The Decolonisation of White Identity in Zimbabwe, Canberra: Australian National University Press, ISBN 978-1-921-66614-8 (pbk., xiii + 276 pp. David McDermott Hughes (2010, Whiteness in Zimbabwe: Race, Landscape, and the Problem of Belonging, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN 978-0-230-62143-5 (pbk., 204 pp. Kate Victoria Law (2012, Writing White Women: Whiteness, Gender, Politics and Power in Rhodesia, c.1950s–1980s, Ph.D. thesis, University of Sheffield, 249 pp.

  7. Mobilisasi Islamis Damai di Dunia Muslim: Peran Partisipasi Politik dan Kapasitas Negara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Testriono Testriono

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Book Review : Julie Chernov Hwang, Peaceful Islamist Mobilization in the Muslim World: What Went Right (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009, xviii + 212This book seeks to explain the variations within the Islamist mobilizations, which can be classified into: first, peaceful mobilization, which includes the creation of political parties, election, cooperation, creating civic alliance, and building civil movements. Second category is violent Islamist mobilizations articulated in the form of rebellion, riot, collective violence, and attacks on individuals and groups, minority groups, and private property.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v17i2.465

  8. Reseñas

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    LE CROM, Jean-Pierre y MARTIN, Jean-Clément. Vérité historique, vérité judiciaire (Droit et société ns 38). París, 1998. STEINBERG,J. Why Swüzerland? Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1996. GOLDHAGEN, Daniel Jonah. Los verdugos voluntarios de Hitler. Los alemanes corrientes y el holocausto. Madrid, Taurus, 1997. RHODES, M., HEYWOOD, P. y WRIGHT, V. Developments in West European Politics. Londres, Macmillan Press, 1997. FUSI, Juan Pablo y PALAFOX, Jordi. España, 1808-1996. El desafío de l...

  9. Reseñas

    OpenAIRE

    1998-01-01

    LE CROM, Jean-Pierre y MARTIN, Jean-Clément. Vérité historique, vérité judiciaire (Droit et société ns 38). París, 1998. STEINBERG,J. Why Swüzerland? Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1996. GOLDHAGEN, Daniel Jonah. Los verdugos voluntarios de Hitler. Los alemanes corrientes y el holocausto. Madrid, Taurus, 1997. RHODES, M., HEYWOOD, P. y WRIGHT, V. Developments in West European Politics. Londres, Macmillan Press, 1997. FUSI, Juan Pablo y PALAFOX, Jordi. España, 1808-1996. El desafío de l...

  10. Playtime is Over?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Steffen T.

    2007-01-01

    .e. ending playtime. Low and MacMillan's (1988) early article as well as Shane and Venkataraman's seminal piece spring to mind as highly influential examples of this. In this paper the stated mission of 'ending playtime' is investigated from a poststructuralist perspective. Applying a deconstructionist...... science and messy methods, the author proposes a reinterpretation of the opportunity theory. Such a reinterpretation would need to take into account that objects, including opportunities, markets, firms, projects and individuals are neither definite nor singular. Instead, a poststructuralist approach...

  11. Living ‘private life in the public gaze’

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singla, Rashmi

    and the next generation. Profound implications of these findings for psychosocial services for mixed couples and their children are lastly discussed. *Singla, R. (2015) “Intermarriage, Mixed Parenting, Promoting mental health and wellbeing: Crossover Love Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan......Living ‘private life in the public gaze’: Multiethnic/visibly ethnically mixed couples in Denmark This paper deals with the subjective experiences of the mixed couples’ lives, both in the country of native partner and in the diasporic spouse’s country of origin. Despite increasing numbers...

  12. Modeling Army Applicants’ Job Choices: The Enlisted Personnel Allocation System (EPAS) Simulation Job Choice Model (JCM)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-11-01

    http://roso.epfl.ch/biogeme. Greene, W.H. (1990). Econometric analysis. New York: Macmillan Publishing. Hogan, P.F., Esponisa, J., Mackin, P.C...P. Zarembka (Ed.), Frontiers in Econometrics. New York: Academic Press. Simon, H.A. (1955). A behavioral model of rational choice. Quarterly Journal...Diff Ratio Family (E) (A) (A-E) (E/A) Catl -3A CL 2434 0.1070 0.1048 -0.0021 1.0204 CO 2148 0.3512 0.3605 0.0093 0.9741 EL 2256 0.1207 0.1213 0.0006

  13. Characterization of AgGaSe2 and ZnGeP2 for Frequency Doubling CO2 Laser Output

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-09-01

    to Virginia MacMillan for running several FTIR scans as well. Finally, I wish to thank my family and friends for I helping me to maintain a bit of...6.2mm x 6.2mm x 11 mm) will be caracterized in terms of the phase-matching angle at a given temperature, angular acceptance and conversion efficiency for...than approximately 6pim. The transmission spec- trum of this fter stack was measured using a FTIR and is shown in Figure 32. In recording I | 65 I ’ d

  14. Contemporary demands on the community nurse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.H. Muller

    1984-09-01

    Full Text Available A quarter of a century ago Mr Harold MacMillan delivered his famous Winds o f Change speech in Cape Town. In 1975 Dr. Wolff Bodenstein, in delivering a paper on primary health care, referred to the storms o f change. Now, a decade later, John Naisbitt speaks of megatrends when elaborating on change on a worldwide scale from an industrial society to an informational society. Alvin Toffler’s widely read The Third Wave speaks of similar trends on a scale comparable to the agricultural revolution and the industrial revolution.

  15. Deep-sea fungi: Occurrence and adaptations

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Damare, S.

    in it being the least understood environments on the earth. The understanding of deep sea will unravel a lot of exciting information about the history of life existing on earth. The deep sea was thought to be a very difficult environment for life forms.... Danovaro R, Fabiano M, Della Croce N (1995) Labile organic matter and microbial biomasses in deep-sea sediments (Eastern Mediterranean Sea). Deep-Sea Research I, 40: 953-65. DasSarma S, Arora P (2001) Halophiles. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. Macmillan...

  16. Book review: Martin’s dream: my journey and the legacy of Martin Luther King Jr.\\ud

    OpenAIRE

    McCormick, Roger

    2013-01-01

    "Martin’s Dream: My Journey and the Legacy of Martin Luther King Jr." Clayborne Carson. Palgrave Macmillan. January 2013. --- \\ud Written with the unique perspective of someone who has, for three decades, been involved with Martin Luther King Jr.’s legacy, Clayborne Carson gives readers an insider’s account of what transpired after the Dream speech, and beyond. A rich and engrossing memoir of black empowerment at a unique moment in time, this is an undoubtedly special contribution to King’s m...

  17. Reading the Revolution: Where Has the Literature Taken Us in Understanding Cuba?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antoni Kapcia

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available – Cuba. A New History, by Richard Gott. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2004. – The Cuban Revolution. Past, Present and Future Perspectives, by Geraldine  Lievesley. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. – People’s Power. Cuba’s Experience with Representative Government, by Peter  Roman. (Updated edition Lanham, Boulder, New York, Toronto, Oxford:  Rowman & Littlefield Publishers Inc.  – Cuba. A Revolution in Motion, by Isaac Saney. Black Point, Nova Scotia: Fernwood Books; London: Zed Books, 2003.

  18. Hybrid elastic solids

    KAUST Repository

    Lai, Yun

    2011-06-26

    Metamaterials can exhibit electromagnetic and elastic characteristics beyond those found in nature. In this work, we present a design of elastic metamaterial that exhibits multiple resonances in its building blocks. Band structure calculations show two negative dispersion bands, of which one supports only compressional waves and thereby blurs the distinction between a fluid and a solid over a finite frequency regime, whereas the other displays super anisotropy-in which compressional waves and shear waves can propagate only along different directions. Such unusual characteristics, well explained by the effective medium theory, have no comparable analogue in conventional solids and may lead to novel applications. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  19. Simultaneous Contrast: Examining the Use of American National Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-09

    New York: Macmillan, 1973), xxiii. 2 In its historical database , the Correlates of War project classifies three US post-1945 operations as “wars...in Korea, Vietnam and Iraq in 1990-1. The database has not yet been updated to the present, so current operations in Iraq and Afghanistan are not...97p00063/4?frame=no frame&userID=a09566ac@cgsc.leavenworth.army.mil/01cc99332300501ba1021&dpi=3&config= jstor 36John W. Spanier and Steven W. Hook

  20. Applied philosophy and psychotherapy: Heraclitus as case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johann Beukes

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates a recent attempt to apply philosophy within the discipline of psychotherapy and to investigate the somewhat undefined realm of philosophical counselling. After introducing the claims of this interdisciplinary exercise and after addressing the problems involved in crossing the boundaries between philosophy and psychotherapy, the article elaborates on  Alex Howard’s (2000 [Philosophy for counselling and psychotherapy: Pythagoras to post-modernism. London: Macmillan] attempt to make explicit use of philosophy in psychotherapy, using his interpretation and application of Heraclitus’ philosophy as case study.

  1. Den hvide side af det (etnisk) blandet Danmark: En udforskning af køns- og racerelaterede aspekter i blandede parforhold

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singla, Rashmi

    2017-01-01

    trods: om ægteskabsmigration i Danmark København; Frydenlund • Refsing, K. (1998) Gender Identity and Gender Role Patterns in Cross- Cultural Marriages: The Japanese- Danish Case in Breger & Hill Cross- Cultural marriage: Identity and Choice New York: Berg pp 193-208 • Root, P.P. (2001) Love....... (2015) Intermarriage and Mixed Parenting, Promoting Mental Health and Wellbeing: Crossover Love Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan • Twine, France Winddance (2010) A white Side of Black Britain: interracial Intimacy and Racial Literacy Durham, Duke University Press...

  2. Opportunities in chemistry and materials science for topological insulators and their nanostructures

    KAUST Repository

    Kong, Desheng

    2011-10-24

    Electrical charges on the boundaries of topological insulators favour forward motion over back-scattering at impurities, producing low-dissipation, metallic states that exist up to room temperature in ambient conditions. These states have the promise to impact a broad range of applications from electronics to the production of energy, which is one reason why topological insulators have become the rising star in condensed-matter physics. There are many challenges in the processing of these exotic materials to use the metallic states in functional devices, and they present great opportunities for the chemistry and materials science research communities. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  3. Increasing and visualising meme effectiveness

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Veerasamy, N

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available .html?cid=sf01001>. Bubblews.com 2014, Ellen DeGeneres selfie at 3.4 million, viewed 30 Aug. 2014, . Chielens, K 2002-2003, The viral aspects of language, Universiteit Brussel, viewed 6... of the terrorist: The psychology of terrorism from the IRA to al- Qaeda, Palgrave Macmillan, New York. Prakash, N 2014, 'Ellen DeGeneres took the most epic selfie of all time at the Oscars', Mashable, viewed 30 Aug. 2014,

  4. Naval Research Logistics Quarterly. Volume 27, Number 4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-12-01

    Central Limit Theorem," Theory of Probability and Its Applications, 15, 354-356 (1970). (121 Spivak , M., Calculus on Manifolds, (W.A. Benjamin, New York...the queue length. This point was made in his paper [7]. REFERENCES [II Buck, R.C., Advanced Calculus , (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1956). [2] Burke, P.J...34 Naval Research Logistics Quarterly 17, 397-405 (1970). (51 Boole, G., A Treatise on the Calculus of Finite Di.ikreces (MacMillan and Co., London, 1860

  5. Viral erythrocytic necrosis: Chapter 2.2.7

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winton, James R.; Hershberger, Paul K.

    2014-01-01

    Viral erythrocytic necrosis (VEN), originally termed piscine erythrocytic necrosis, is a condition that has been reported to affect the red blood cells (RBCs) of many species of marine and anadromous fishes in both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (Nicholson and Reno 1981; Smail 1982; Wolf 1988; Dannevig and Thorud 1999). Fish with VEN may develop a severe anemia that can reduce their stamina, predispose them to other infections or increase the impact of other stressors (MacMillan et al. 1980; Nicholson and Reno 1981; Meyers et al. 1986; Haney et al. 1992) resulting in population-scale impacts in susceptible species (Hershberger et al. 2009).

  6. グレィディッド・リーダーの語彙と文法

    OpenAIRE

    UEMURA, Toshihiko; 上村, 俊彦

    2015-01-01

    Words and verb phrases found frequently in the three graded readers, Macmillan Readers, Oxford Bookworms and Penguin Readers were examined in this paper. Computer-readable English texts were compiled from forty-three graded reader level 6 texts, and inputted into the WordSmith Tools V.6 to produce a frequency-based wordlist. 2332 frequent words extracted from the wordlist covered 88.98% of all tokens and 22.01% of all types in the forty-three English texts. A comparison of the 2332 frequent w...

  7. The INF (Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces) Controversy: A Confluence of Foreign and Domestic Interests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    2 was deployed. 8 8Joyce Lasky Shub, "Introduction," AEI Foreiqn Policy and Defense Review 4 (1982): 3. 8 9 Charles L. M. Ailleret, "Directed Defense...the Suez crisis). 1 2 1 To repair the rupture in Anglo-American relations, Prime Minister Harold Macmillan met with President Eisenhower in March 1957...Quoted in Joyce Lasky Shub, "A Frenchman Looks at France-- From America." AEI Foreign Policy and Defense Review 4 (1982): 46-48. 140 Rose, Francoise de

  8. Breaking boundaries in academic publishing: launching a new format for scholarly research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hazel Newton

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available As technology in publishing moves forward, the boundaries of scholarly content are changing. The community has already seen changing business models and now traditional formats such as the monograph and the journal article are being evaluated. Talk of a renewed demand for the mid-form output has been growing in recent years and 2012 saw the launch of Palgrave Pivot, an innovative format for scholarly research. This initiative was conceived after a programme of research carried out by Palgrave Macmillan, which identified the unmet needs of researchers in scholarly publishing.

  9. Room for You- Arts in Health

    OpenAIRE

    Mulqueen, Mark

    2014-01-01

    The impact of cancer does not end after treatment. The ‘Health and Well Being Survey’ by Macmillan Cancer Support in 2008 found that cancer survivors reported poorer health and well-being than the general population. The health and well-being profile of the cancer survivor population is comparable to the population of people with a chronic condition such as diabetes or arthritis. Much of this can be attributed to the consequences of cancer treatment.\\ud In May 2009, the National Cancer Surviv...

  10. Membrane-based processes for sustainable power generation using water

    KAUST Repository

    Logan, Bruce E.

    2012-08-15

    Water has always been crucial to combustion and hydroelectric processes, but it could become the source of power in membrane-based systems that capture energy from natural and waste waters. Two processes are emerging as sustainable methods for capturing energy from sea water: pressure-retarded osmosis and reverse electrodialysis. These processes can also capture energy from waste heat by generating artificial salinity gradients using synthetic solutions, such as thermolytic salts. A further source of energy comes from organic matter in waste waters, which can be harnessed using microbial fuel-cell technology, allowing both wastewater treatment and power production. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  11. An Aversion to Risk; A Warning from the Past

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-02

    Macmillan, 2010), 79, accessed August 27, 2013, http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/ebookviewr/ ebook /nlebk328583AN?sid"Ŝc887269-f5dc-46b0-887e· ed5222a43afe...ehost/ebookviewer/ ebook /nlebk 328583 AN?sid=8c88 7269-f5dc-46b0-88 7 e- ed5222a43afe@sessionmgr 1 04&vid=3&formaFEB&rid=l. ’’West Point History

  12. El fenómeno no consolidado del préstamo digital en bibliotecas

    OpenAIRE

    Alonso-Arévalo, Julio

    2013-01-01

    [ES]El fenómeno del préstamo digital en bibliotecas está lejos de consolidarse. Sobre todo desde que OverDrive, la plataforma de mayor aceptación en Estados Unidos, presente en más de 22.000 bibliotecas públicas y escolares, publicara los datos de préstamos de libros electrónicos, que en 2011 habían cuadriplicado los del año anterior, y que durante 2012 volvieron a hacerlo, alcanzando 72 millones de préstamos digitales. Estos datos pusieron en guardia a las 5 grandes (Macmillan, Simon & Schus...

  13. Ch. Dokou on Bernice M. Murphy's The Suburban Gothic in American Popular Culture.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Bernice M. Murphy, The Suburban Gothic in American Popular Culture. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. Pp. 236. ISBN: 98-0-230-21810-9Studies in pop culture have the advantage of dealing with material that is more or less familiar to a wide majority of readers and, what is more, appreciated for what it is: the enjoyable—hence surviving and proliferating—collective currency of concepts, facts and views, crude yet effective, by which a culture defines and establishes itself and ...

  14. A signal detection theory analysis of an unconscious perception effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haase, S J; Theios, J; Jenison, R

    1999-07-01

    The independent observation model (Macmillan & Creelman, 1991) is fitted to detection-identification data collected under conditions of heavy masking. The model accurately predicts a quantitative relationship between stimulus detection and stimulus identification over a wide range of detection performance. This model can also be used to offer a signal detection interpretation of the common finding of above-chance identification following a missed signal. While our finding is not a new one, the stimuli used in this experiment (redundant three-letter strings) differ slightly from those used in traditional signal detection work. Also, the stimuli were presented very briefly and heavily masked, conditions typical in the study of unconscious perception effects.

  15. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available -Lennox Honychurch, Robert L. Paquette ,The lesser Antilles in the age of European expansion. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1996. xii + 383 pp., Stanley L. Engerman (eds -Kevin A. Yelvington, Gert Oostindie, Ethnicity in the Caribbean: Essays in honor of Harry Hoetink. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1996. xvi + 239 pp. -Aisha Khan, David Dabydeen ,Across the dark waters: Ethnicity and Indian identity in the Caribbean. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1996. xi + 222 pp., Brinsley Samaroo (eds -Tracey Skelton, Ralph R. Premdas, Ethnic conflict and development: The case of Guyana. Brookfield VT: Ashgate, 1995. xi + 205 pp. -Rosemarijn Hoefte, Basdeo Mangru, A history of East Indian resistance on the Guyana sugar estates, 1869-1948. Lewiston NY: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1996. xiv + 370 pp. -Rosemarijn Hoefte, Clem Seecharan, 'Tiger in the stars': The anatomy of Indian achievement in British Guiana 1919-29. London: Macmillan, 1997. xxviii + 401 pp. -Brian Stoddart, Frank Birbalsingh, The rise of Westindian cricket: From colony to nation. St. John's, Antigua: Hansib Publishing (Caribbean, 1996. 274 pp. -Donald R. Hill, Peter van Koningsbruggen, Trinidad Carnival: A quest for national identity. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1997. ix + 293 pp. -Peter van Koningsbruggen, John Cowley, Carnival, Canboulay and Calypso: Traditions in the making. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996. xv + 293 pp. -Olwyn M. Blouet, George Gmelch ,The Parish behind God's back : The changing culture of rural Barbados. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1997. xii + 240 pp., Sharon Bohn Gmelch (eds -George Gmelch, Mary Chamberlain, Narratives of exile and return. London: Macmillan, 1997. xii + 236 pp. -Michèle Baj Strobel, Christiane Bougerol, Une ethnographie des conflits aux Antilles: Jalousie, commérages, sorcellerie. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1997. 161 pp. -Abdollah Dashti, Randy Martin, Socialist ensembles: Theater and state in Cuba and

  16. An Island Called Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Stubbs

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Review of: An Island Called Home: Returning to Jewish Cuba. Ruth Behar, photographs by Humberto Mayol. New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2007. xiii + 297 pp. (Cloth US$ 29.95 Fidel Castro: My Life: A Spoken Autobiography. Fidel Castro & Ignacio Ramonet. New York: Scribner/Simon & Schuster, 2008. vii + 724 pp. (Paper US$ 22.00, e-book US$ 14.99 Cuba: What Everyone Needs to Know. Julia E. Sweig. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. xiv + 279 pp. (Paper US$ 16.95 [First paragraph] These three ostensibly very different books tell a compelling story of each author’s approach, as much as the subject matter itself. Fidel Castro: My Life: A Spoken Autobiography is based on a series of long interviews granted by the then-president of Cuba, Fidel Castro, to Spanish-Franco journalist Ignacio Ramonet. Cuba: What Everyone Needs to Know, by U.S. political analyst Julia Sweig, is one of a set country series, and, like Ramonet’s, presented in question/answer format. An Island Called Home: Returning to Jewish Cuba, with a narrative by Cuban-American anthropologist Ruth Behar and photographs by Cuban photographer Humberto Mayol, is a retrospective/introspective account of the Jewish presence in Cuba. While from Ramonet and Sweig we learn much about the revolutionary project, Behar and Mayol convey the lived experience of the small Jewish community against that backdrop.

  17. Runoff and erosion response of simulated waste burial covers in a semi-arid environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bent, G.C.; Goff, B.F.; Rightmire, K.G.; Sidle, R.C.

    1999-01-01

    Control of runoff (reducing infiltration) and erosion at shallow land burials is necessary in order to assure environmentally safe disposal of low-level radioactive-waste and other waste products. This study evaluated the runoff and erosion response of two perennial grass species on simulated waste burial covers at Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). Rainfall simulations were applied to three plots covered by crested wheatgrass [Agropyron desertorum (Fischer ex Link) Shultes], three plots covered by streambank wheatgrass [Elymus lanceolatus (Scribner and Smith) Gould spp. lanceolatus], and one bare plot. Average total runoff for rainfall simulations in 1987, 1989, and 1990 was 42 percent greater on streambank wheatgrass plots than on crested wheatgrass plots. Average total soil loss for rainfall simulations in 1987 and 1990 was 105 percent greater on streambank wheatgrass plots than on crested wheatgrass plots. Total runoff and soil loss from natural rainfall and snowmelt events during 1987 were 25 and 105 percent greater, respectively, on streambank wheatgrass plots than on crested wheatgrass plots. Thus, crested wheatgrass appears to be better suited in revegetation of waste burial covers at INEEL than streambank wheatgrass due to its much lower erosion rate and only slightly higher infiltration rate (lower runoff rate).

  18. A Cell Wall-degrading Endopolygalacturonase Secreted by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum1

    Science.gov (United States)

    English, Patricia D.; Maglothin, Austin; Keegstra, Kenneth; Albersheim, Peter

    1972-01-01

    Cultures of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (Saccardo and Magnus) Scribner have been induced to secrete an endopolygalacturonase (polygalacturonide glycanohydrolase EC3.2. 1.15). This enzyme has been brought to a high state of purity by ion exchange, gel filtration, and agarose affinity chromatography. The enzyme has optimal activity at pH 5, has an apparent molecular weight as determined by gel filtration of about 70,000, and prefers polygalacturonic acid to pectin as its substrate. The enzyme, while hydrolyzing only 1% of the glycosidic bonds, reduces the viscosity of a polygalacturonic solution by 50%. Nevertheless, the initial as well as the final products of polygalacturonic acid hydrolysis are predominantly tri- and digalacturonic acid and, to a lesser extent, monogalacturonic acid. The purified enzyme catalyzes the removal of about 80% of the galacturonic acid residues of cell walls isolated from suspension-cultured sycamore cells (Acer pseudoplatanus) as well as from the walls isolated from 8-day-old Red Kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) hypocotyls. PMID:16657947

  19. A Cell Wall-degrading Endopolygalacturonase Secreted by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    English, P D; Maglothin, A; Keegstra, K; Albersheim, P

    1972-03-01

    Cultures of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (Saccardo and Magnus) Scribner have been induced to secrete an endopolygalacturonase (polygalacturonide glycanohydrolase EC3.2. 1.15). This enzyme has been brought to a high state of purity by ion exchange, gel filtration, and agarose affinity chromatography. The enzyme has optimal activity at pH 5, has an apparent molecular weight as determined by gel filtration of about 70,000, and prefers polygalacturonic acid to pectin as its substrate. The enzyme, while hydrolyzing only 1% of the glycosidic bonds, reduces the viscosity of a polygalacturonic solution by 50%. Nevertheless, the initial as well as the final products of polygalacturonic acid hydrolysis are predominantly tri- and digalacturonic acid and, to a lesser extent, monogalacturonic acid. The purified enzyme catalyzes the removal of about 80% of the galacturonic acid residues of cell walls isolated from suspension-cultured sycamore cells (Acer pseudoplatanus) as well as from the walls isolated from 8-day-old Red Kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) hypocotyls.

  20. Host-Pathogen Interactions: II. Parameters Affecting Polysaccharide-degrading Enzyme Secretion by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum Grown in Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    English, P D; Jurale, J B; Albersheim, P

    1971-01-01

    The effect of a number of physiological variables on the secretion of polysaccharide-degrading enzymes by culture-grown Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (Saccardo and Magnus) Scribner was determined. The number of spores used to inoculate cultures grown on isolated bean hypocotyl cell walls affects the time after inoculation at which enzyme secretion occurs, but has no significant effect on the maximal amount of enzyme ultimately secreted. Cell walls isolated from bean leaves, first internodes, or hypocotyls (susceptible to C. lindemuthianum infection), when used as carbon source for C. lindemuthianum growth, stimulate the fungus to secrete more alpha-galactosidase than do cell walls isolated from roots (resistant to infection). The concentration of carbon source used for fungal growth determines the final level of enzyme activity in the culture fluid. The level of enzyme secretion is not proportional to fungal growth; rather, enzyme secretion is induced. Maximal alpha-galactosidase activity in the culture medium is found when the concentration of cell walls used as carbon source is 1% or greater. A higher concentration of cell walls is necessary for maximal alpha-arabinosidase activity. Galactose, when used as the carbon source, stimulates alpha-galactosidase secretion but, at comparable concentrations, is less effective in doing so than are cell walls. Polysaccharide-degrading enzymes are secreted by C. lindemuthianum at different times during growth of the pathogen on isolated cell walls. Pectinase and alpha-arabinosidase are secreted first, followed by beta-xylosidase and cellulase, then beta-glucosidase, and, finally, alpha-galactosidase.

  1. Using guidelines to support secondment: a personal experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dryden, Helen; Rice, Ann Marie

    2008-01-01

    Secondment is recognized as a method of staff development and can offer both individuals and organizations structure and flexibility in relation to service development. This article describes the experience of a clinical nurse specialist (CNS) seconded 3 days a week for 18 months to a Macmillan Education Unit, as an associate lecturer (the host organization). Different types of secondment are discussed, mapping this experience to Partnership Information Network guidelines. A 360 degrees evaluation process involving all key stakeholders was carried out, and highlighted positive aspects. Secondment is recommended as a valuable and safe method of staff development, increasing knowledge and skills, raising motivation and aiding retention, provided guidelines are adhered to and strategies are in place to mitigate risks.

  2. Enhanced energy storage in chaotic optical resonators

    KAUST Repository

    Liu, Changxu

    2013-05-05

    Chaos is a phenomenon that occurs in many aspects of contemporary science. In classical dynamics, chaos is defined as a hypersensitivity to initial conditions. The presence of chaos is often unwanted, as it introduces unpredictability, which makes it difficult to predict or explain experimental results. Conversely, we demonstrate here how chaos can be used to enhance the ability of an optical resonator to store energy. We combine analytic theory with ab initio simulations and experiments in photonic-crystal resonators to show that a chaotic resonator can store six times more energy than its classical counterpart of the same volume. We explain the observed increase by considering the equipartition of energy among all degrees of freedom of the chaotic resonator (that is, the cavity modes) and discover a convergence of their lifetimes towards a single value. A compelling illustration of the theory is provided by enhanced absorption in deformed polystyrene microspheres. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  3. Migration and Development: The Policies of China and India with regard to their Overseas Communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jérôme Elie

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanFocusing on India and China, two countries with high levels of emigration that have developed policies aimed at promoting ties with their nationals who live abroad, this article contributes to the academic and political debate about the relationships between the phenomenon of migration and the development of migrants’ countries of origin. In light of the measures that both these countries have amassed for the benefit of their overseas communities, one can identify the need to create one or more institutional structures to promote individual initiatives. The importance of reciprocity is emphasised, which is an essential aspect of relations between the government of the country of origin and its migrants.

  4. Review of “Marked Identities. Narrating lives between social labels and individual biographies”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Ferrarotti

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This is a book review of the volume edited by Roberta Piazza and Alessandra Fasulo, and entitled Marked Identities. Narrating Lives Between Social Labels and Individual Biographies, Palgrave Macmillan, London-New York, 2015. The book consists of various interviews with individuals whose lives, mainly because of the group to which they belong, could be viewed as ‘marked’. The difference between the idea of ‘stigma’ and the notion ‘marked identity’ is underlined, together with the idea of ‘diversity’, which today is not necessarily something that one should hide but, quite the opposite, something one can be proud of. One of the main ideas of this text is that identity is not a rigid reality but a process, by which individuals negotiate the version of who they are with others.

  5. Enantioselective construction of quaternary N-heterocycles by palladium-catalysed decarboxylative allylic alkylation of lactams

    KAUST Repository

    Behenna, Douglas C.

    2011-12-18

    The enantioselective synthesis of nitrogen-containing heterocycles (N-heterocycles) represents a substantial chemical research effort and resonates across numerous disciplines, including the total synthesis of natural products and medicinal chemistry. In this Article, we describe the highly enantioselective palladium-catalysed decarboxylative allylic alkylation of readily available lactams to form 3,3-disubstituted pyrrolidinones, piperidinones, caprolactams and structurally related lactams. Given the prevalence of quaternary N-heterocycles in biologically active alkaloids and pharmaceutical agents, we envisage that our method will provide a synthetic entry into the de novo asymmetric synthesis of such structures. As an entry for these investigations we demonstrate how the described catalysis affords enantiopure quaternary lactams that intercept synthetic intermediates previously used in the synthesis of the Aspidosperma alkaloids quebrachamine and rhazinilam, but that were previously only available by chiral auxiliary approaches or as racemic mixtures. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  6. ¿THE WASTE LAND? (Notas sobre la cultura europea de los años 20 y el caso de Stefan Zweig

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Rodríguez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La reciente publicación en España del libro 1914. De la paz a la guerra (Turner, Madrid, 2013 de la profesora de Oxford Margaret MacMillan ha vuelto a hacernos recor- dar una pregunta incómoda que aún suele levantar ampollas: ¿qué ocurrió para que en 1914 todo saltara por los aires en una Europa que se autoconsideraba idílica y consolidada al menos desde la mitad del siglo anterior? ¿Cómo la gran cultura europea –que sin duda existió- no previno aquella catástrofe, y menos aún la debacle total desencadenada con la II guerra mundial apenas veinte años después, entre 1939 y 1945?

  7. Sponges with covalently tethered amines for high-efficiency carbon capture

    KAUST Repository

    Qi, Genggeng

    2014-12-12

    © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Adsorption using solid amine sorbents is an attractive emerging technology for energy-efficient carbon capture. Current syntheses for solid amine sorbents mainly based on physical impregnation or grafting-to methods (for example, aminosilane-grafting) lead to limited sorbent performance in terms of stability and working capacity, respectively. Here we report a family of solid amine sorbents using a grafting-from synthesis approach and synthesized by cationic polymerization of oxazolines on mesoporous silica. The sorbent with high amount of covalently tethered amines shows fast adsorption rate, high amine efficiency and sorbent capacity well exceeding the highest value reported to date for lowerature carbon dioxide sorbents under simulated flue gas conditions. The demonstrated efficiency of the new amine-immobilization chemistry may open up new avenues in the development of advanced carbon dioxide sorbents, as well as other nitrogen-functionalized systems.

  8. A tri-continuous mesoporous material with a silica pore wall following a hexagonal minimal surface

    KAUST Repository

    Han, Yu

    2009-04-06

    Ordered porous materials with unique pore structures and pore sizes in the mesoporous range (2-50nm) have many applications in catalysis, separation and drug delivery. Extensive research has resulted in mesoporous materials with one-dimensional, cage-like and bi-continuous pore structures. Three families of bi-continuous mesoporous materials have been made, with two interwoven but unconnected channels, corresponding to the liquid crystal phases used as templates. Here we report a three-dimensional hexagonal mesoporous silica, IBN-9, with a tri-continuous pore structure that is synthesized using a specially designed cationic surfactant template. IBN-9 consists of three identical continuous interpenetrating channels, which are separated by a silica wall that follows a hexagonal minimal surface. Such a tri-continuous mesostructure was predicted mathematically, but until now has not been observed in real materials. © 2009 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  9. Linking experiment and theory for three-dimensional networked binary metal nanoparticle–triblock terpolymer superstructures

    KAUST Repository

    Li, Zihui

    2014-02-21

    © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Controlling superstructure of binary nanoparticle mixtures in three dimensions from self-assembly opens enormous opportunities for the design of materials with unique properties. Here we report on how the intimate coupling of synthesis, in-depth electron tomographic characterization and theory enables exquisite control of superstructure in highly ordered porous three-dimensional continuous networks from single and binary mixtures of metal nanoparticles with a triblock terpolymer. Poly(isoprene-block-styrene-block-(N,N-dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate) is synthesized and used as structure-directing agent for ligand-stabilized platinum and gold nanoparticles. Quantitative analysis provides insights into short-and long-range nanoparticle-nanoparticle correlations, and local and global contributions to structural chirality in the networks. Results provide synthesis criteria for next-generation mesoporous network superstructures from binary nanoparticle mixtures for potential applications in areas including catalysis.

  10. Analysis of the localization of Michelson interferometer fringes using Fourier optics and temporal coherence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Narayanamurthy, C S [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Department of Space (Govt of India), ATF Campus, VSSC, ISRO - PO, Thiruvananthapuram 695 022 (India)], E-mail: naamu.s@gmail.com

    2009-01-15

    Fringes formed in a Michelson interferometer never localize in any plane, in the detector plane and in the localization plane. Instead, the fringes are assumed to localize at infinity. Except for some explanation in Principles of Optics by Born and Wolf (1964 (New York: Macmillan)), the fringe localization phenomena of Michelson's interferometer have never been analysed seriously in any book. Because Michelson's interferometer is one of the important and fundamental optical experiments taught at both undergraduate and graduate levels, it would be appropriate to explain the localization of these fringes. In this paper, we analyse the localization of Michelson interferometer fringes using Fourier optics and temporal coherence, and show that they never localize at any plane even at infinity.

  11. Energy and Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Carbonnier

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanThis chapter introduces the thematic dossier of International Development Policy on the intimate relationship between energy and development. The authors discuss the centrality of fossil fuels in the economic growth of the Western world since the nineteenth century and the key role of oil in the twentieth century and question the future of this development model in the face of geological and climatic constraints. They examine the gaps and misunderstandings that separate social sciences and natural sciences as well as recent attempts to establish interdisciplinary dialogue around ecological economics and industrial ecology. The authors then analyse what is at stake for developing countries, inequalities in access to energy resources, the failure of the global governance system to deal with mounting tensions associated with the depletion of oil and the environmental consequences of an ever increasing consumption of non-renewable resources.

  12. “Romeo e Giulietta”. Un perfetto case-study per il balletto narrativo del Novecento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annamaria Corea

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights some peculiarities and modes of the modern narrative ballet, taking as an example Romeo and Juliet by Prokofiev. The choreographic versions by John Cranko and Kenneth MacMillan can be representative of the way to understand and practise this genre of dance, in some aspects univocal, in others entirely personal and specific of a poetics. Among the themes are the pantomime and the new gestures, the libretto, the adaptation of the play, and the dancer’s training. The essay also considers the original version of the ballet, choreographed by Lavrovskij, and it points to the relationship between the English ballet and Russian one which in the 1930s restored the full-length ballet.

  13. Editorial for Issue 1, Jan 2016 title of the editorial 2016 : A year for JCCS Editorial changes and CCN3 KO mice at ICCNS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perbal, Bernard

    2016-03-01

    The year 2016 will see significant improvements for the Journal of Cell Communication and Signaling with the earning of an official Impact Factor and the merger of Springer Science + Business Media and part of Macmillan Sciences and Education. It will also be an important year for the International CCN Society (ICCNS) with the nomination of a new Scientific Board and reinforcement of interactions with other major scientific societies interested in various aspects of Cell Signaling. Starting this year the ICCNS will become an official provider of CCN3 knock out mice to ICCNS members. This first step in opening up access to certified reagents as a service for our CCN scientific community is part of our intention and efforts to attain the highest degree of assistance and enabler of scientific cooperation and communication in Science Communication.

  14. Determination of nanoparticle size distribution together with density or molecular weight by 2D analytical ultracentrifugation

    KAUST Repository

    Carney, Randy P.

    2011-06-07

    Nanoparticles are finding many research and industrial applications, yet their characterization remains a challenge. Their cores are often polydisperse and coated by a stabilizing shell that varies in size and composition. No single technique can characterize both the size distribution and the nature of the shell. Advances in analytical ultracentrifugation allow for the extraction of the sedimentation (s) and diffusion coefficients (D). Here we report an approach to transform the s and D distributions of nanoparticles in solution into precise molecular weight (M), density (?P) and particle diameter (dp) distributions. M for mixtures of discrete nanocrystals is found within 4% of the known quantities. The accuracy and the density information we achieve on nanoparticles are unparalleled. A single experimental run is sufficient for full nanoparticle characterization, without the need for standards or other auxiliary measurements. We believe that our method is of general applicability and we discuss its limitations. 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  15. A barcode of organellar genome polymorphisms identifies the geographic origin of Plasmodium falciparum strains

    KAUST Repository

    Preston, Mark D.

    2014-06-13

    Malaria is a major public health problem that is actively being addressed in a global eradication campaign. Increased population mobility through international air travel has elevated the risk of re-introducing parasites to elimination areas and dispersing drug-resistant parasites to new regions. A simple genetic marker that quickly and accurately identifies the geographic origin of infections would be a valuable public health tool for locating the source of imported outbreaks. Here we analyse the mitochondrion and apicoplast genomes of 711 Plasmodium falciparum isolates from 14 countries, and find evidence that they are non-recombining and co-inherited. The high degree of linkage produces a panel of relatively few single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that is geographically informative. We design a 23-SNP barcode that is highly predictive (?92%) and easily adapted to aid case management in the field and survey parasite migration worldwide. 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  16. Living ‘private life in the public gaze’

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singla, Rashmi

    Living ‘private life in the public gaze’: Multiethnic/visibly ethnically mixed couples in Denmark This paper deals with the subjective experiences of the mixed couples’ lives, both in the country of native partner and in the diasporic spouse’s country of origin. Despite increasing numbers...... in the present study. The former is illustrated through an awareness of the discrimination processes they face in different social domains such as the labour market, the stereotypical views of family members, negative attitudes of personnel in the children’s day care institutions, curious questions, while...... and the next generation. Profound implications of these findings for psychosocial services for mixed couples and their children are lastly discussed. *Singla, R. (2015) “Intermarriage, Mixed Parenting, Promoting mental health and wellbeing: Crossover Love Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan...

  17. Hydrogen evolution by a metal-free electrocatalyst

    KAUST Repository

    Zheng, Yao

    2014-04-28

    Electrocatalytic reduction of water to molecular hydrogen via the hydrogen evolution reaction may provide a sustainable energy supply for the future, but its commercial application is hampered by the use of precious platinum catalysts. All alternatives to platinum thus far are based on nonprecious metals, and, to our knowledge, there is no report about a catalyst for electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution beyond metals. Here we couple graphitic-carbon nitride with nitrogen-doped graphene to produce a metal-free hybrid catalyst, which shows an unexpected hydrogen evolution reaction activity with comparable overpotential and Tafel slope to some of well-developed metallic catalysts. Experimental observations in combination with density functional theory calculations reveal that its unusual electrocatalytic properties originate from an intrinsic chemical and electronic coupling that synergistically promotes the proton adsorption and reduction kinetics. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  18. Book Review: "Le Fonctionnement de l’Union Européenne"

    OpenAIRE

    Dri, Clarissa Franzoi; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina

    2012-01-01

    Book Review:  "Le Fonctionnement de l’Union Européenne" A obra “Sistema decisório da União Europeia”, lançada em português em 2011, oferece aos leitores brasileiros e latino-americanos uma visão atual, pragmática e crítica do funcionamento da integração europeia. Traduzida do francês (Le fonctionnement de l’Union européenne, Éditions de l’Université de Bruxelles, 2011, a ser publicada também em inglês pela Palgrave Macmillan), a obra é o resultado de anos de pesquisa e ensino dos autores ...

  19. Sub-15-nm patterning of asymmetric metal electrodes and devices by adhesion lithography

    KAUST Repository

    Beesley, David J.

    2014-05-27

    Coplanar electrodes formed from asymmetric metals separated on the nanometre length scale are essential elements of nanoscale photonic and electronic devices. Existing fabrication methods typically involve electron-beam lithography - a technique that enables high fidelity patterning but suffers from significant limitations in terms of low throughput, poor scalability to large areas and restrictive choice of substrate and electrode materials. Here, we describe a versatile method for the rapid fabrication of asymmetric nanogap electrodes that exploits the ability of selected self-assembled monolayers to attach conformally to a prepatterned metal layer and thereby weaken adhesion to a subsequently deposited metal film. The method may be carried out under ambient conditions using simple equipment and a minimum of processing steps, enabling the rapid fabrication of nanogap electrodes and optoelectronic devices with aspect ratios in excess of 100,000.2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  20. Pedro Zamora and Pedro and Me in Requiem: Scoring the Loss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. David Lewis

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available When originally published at the turn of the century, 'Pedro and Me: Friendship, Loss, and What I Learned' (2000 was riding both the popularity of its reality television roots ''and the growing awareness of homosexuality in the popular consciousness. At that time, too, Macmillan publisher Henry Holt had its own website set up to support Winick’s work; it featured interviews, tour dates, and, most importantly, omitted scenes originally drafted but not completed by the author. The opportunity to finally include this apocrypha was missed in the newer 2009 addition, as the publisher opted for a one-page afterword.  This paper discusses how this constitutes a missed opportunity to reconnect with Pedro. In as much as the original graphic novel—or 'any' graphic novel—is a construction, the tenth anniversary edition of 'Pedro and Me' disallowed the excluded raw material from being included in audience’s score-overdue deconstruction of the work.

  1. Gravitational redshift of galaxies in clusters as predicted by general relativity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojtak, Radosław; Hansen, Steen H; Hjorth, Jens

    2011-09-28

    The theoretical framework of cosmology is mainly defined by gravity, of which general relativity is the current model. Recent tests of general relativity within the Lambda Cold Dark Matter (ΛCDM) model have found a concordance between predictions and the observations of the growth rate and clustering of the cosmic web. General relativity has not hitherto been tested on cosmological scales independently of the assumptions of the ΛCDM model. Here we report an observation of the gravitational redshift of light coming from galaxies in clusters at the 99 per cent confidence level, based on archival data. Our measurement agrees with the predictions of general relativity and its modification created to explain cosmic acceleration without the need for dark energy (the f(R) theory), but is inconsistent with alternative models designed to avoid the presence of dark matter. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved

  2. Charge-extraction strategies for colloidal quantum dot photovoltaics

    KAUST Repository

    Lan, Xinzheng

    2014-02-20

    The solar-power conversion efficiencies of colloidal quantum dot solar cells have advanced from sub-1% reported in 2005 to a record value of 8.5% in 2013. Much focus has deservedly been placed on densifying, passivating and crosslinking the colloidal quantum dot solid. Here we review progress in improving charge extraction, achieved by engineering the composition and structure of the electrode materials that contact the colloidal quantum dot film. New classes of structured electrodes have been developed and integrated to form bulk heterojunction devices that enhance photocharge extraction. Control over band offsets, doping and interfacial trap state densities have been essential for achieving improved electrical communication with colloidal quantum dot solids. Quantum junction devices that not only tune the optical absorption spectrum, but also provide inherently matched bands across the interface between p-and n-materials, have proven that charge separation can occur efficiently across an all-quantum-tuned rectifying junction. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

  3. Sitnikov cyclic configuration of N+1-body problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahbaz Ullah, M.; Hassan, M. R.

    2014-12-01

    This manuscript deals with the generalisation of all previous works on series solutions and linear stability of equilibrium points of the Sitnikov problem. Following Giacaglia (1967), in Sect. 2 we have derived the equation of motion of the infinitesimal mass moving along the z-axis about which the plane of motion is rotating with unit angular velocity. In Sects. 3, 4 and 5 the series solutions of the Sitnikov problem have been developed by the method of MacMillan, Lindstedt-Poincaré and iteration of Green's function respectively. In Sect. 6 the three series solutions have been compared graphically by putting N=2, 3, 4. In Sect. 7 the coordinates of equilibrium points have been calculated. In Sect. 8 the linear stability of equilibrium points has been examined by the method of Murray and Dermott (Solar System Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999) and it was found that the equilibrium points are stable in Sitnikov problem.

  4. Toward a Carribean cultural political economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mimi Sheller

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] The Caribbean Postcolonial: Social Equality, Post-Nationalism and Cultural Hybridity. Shalini Puri. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. ix + 300 pp. (Paper US$ 24.95 Miraculous Weapons: Revolutionary Ideology in Caribbean Culture. Joy A.I. Mahabir. New York: Peter Lang, 2003. ix + 167 pp. (Cloth US$ 58.95 The relation between cultural production and political struggle, and between the aesthetic and the material as expressions of social relations, are absolutely central themes within Caribbean studies in all of its disciplinary and interdisciplinary guises. A key question for the field as a whole is what role it might play in generating new approaches to “cultural political economy,” which is emerging as an effective bridging concept at the intersections of anthropology, sociology, economics, political theory, and literary and cultural studies.

  5. Pedro Zamora and Pedro and Me in Requiem: Scoring the Loss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. David Lewis

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available When originally published at the turn of the century, Pedro and Me: Friendship, Loss, and What I Learned (2000 was riding both the popularity of its reality television roots and the growing awareness of homosexuality in the popular consciousness. At that time, too, Macmillan publisher Henry Holt had its own website set up to support Winick’s work; it featured interviews, tour dates, and, most importantly, omitted scenes originally drafted but not completed by the author. The opportunity to finally include this apocrypha was missed in the newer 2009 addition, as the publisher opted for a one-page afterword.  This paper discusses how this constitutes a missed opportunity to reconnect with Pedro. In as much as the original graphic novel—or any graphic novel—is a construction, the tenth anniversary edition of Pedro and Me disallowed the excluded raw material from being included in audience’s score-overdue deconstruction of the work.

  6. The global crisis of malaria: report on a Yale conference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snowden, Frank M

    2009-03-01

    An international conference, "The Global Crisis of Malaria: Lessons of the Past and Future Prospects," met at Yale University, November 7-9, 2008. The symposium was organized by Professor Frank Snowden and sponsored by the Provost's office, the MacMillan Center, the Program in the History of Science and History of Medicine, and the Section of the History of Medicine at the Yale School of Medicine. It brought together experts on malaria from a variety of disciplines, countries, and experiences--physicians, research scientists, historians of medicine, public health officials, and representatives of several non-governmental organizations (NGOs). An underlying theme was that much could be gained from a big-picture examination across disciplinary frontiers of the contemporary public health problem caused by malaria. Particular features of the conference were its intense scrutiny of historical successes and failures in malaria control and its demonstration of the relevance of history to policy discussions in the field.

  7. Key role of symbiotic dinitrogen fixation in tropical forest secondary succession

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Batterman, Sarah A.; Hedin, Lars O.; Van Breugel, Michiel;

    2013-01-01

    Forests contribute a significant portion of the land carbon sink, but their ability to sequester CO 2 may be constrained by nitrogen, a major plant-limiting nutrient. Many tropical forests possess tree species capable of fixing atmospheric dinitrogen (N 2), but it is unclear whether this functional...... biomass accumulation in tropical forests. Over a 300-year chronosequence in Panama, N 2 -fixing tree species accumulated carbon up to nine times faster per individual than their non-fixing neighbours (greatest difference in youngest forests), and showed species-specific differences in the amount...... tree species across the entire forest age sequence. These findings show that symbiotic N 2 fixation can have a central role in nitrogen cycling during tropical forest stand development, with potentially important implications for the ability of tropical forests to sequester CO 2. © 2013 Macmillan...

  8. Biomimetic block copolymer particles with gated nanopores and ultrahigh protein sorption capacity

    KAUST Repository

    Yu, Haizhou

    2014-06-17

    The design of micro-or nanoparticles that can encapsulate sensitive molecules such as drugs, hormones, proteins or peptides is of increasing importance for applications in biotechnology and medicine. Examples are micelles, liposomes and vesicles. The tiny and, in most cases, hollow spheres are used as vehicles for transport and controlled administration of pharmaceutical drugs or nutrients. Here we report a simple strategy to fabricate microspheres by block copolymer self-assembly. The microsphere particles have monodispersed nanopores that can act as pH-responsive gates. They contain a highly porous internal structure, which is analogous to the Schwarz P structure. The internal porosity of the particles contributes to their high sorption capacity and sustained release behaviour. We successfully separated similarly sized proteins using these particles. The ease of particle fabrication by macrophase separation and self-assembly, and the robustness of the particles makes them ideal for sorption, separation, transport and sustained delivery of pharmaceutical substances. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

  9. Die Departement Godsdiens- en Sendingwetenskap (Afd A, Universiteit van Pretoria, 1917-1978

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. J. van der Merwe

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available The Department of Science of Religion and Missiology (Sec A, University of Pretoria, 1917-1978 The Transvaal University College began its Faculty of Theology in 1917 in co-operation with the Presbyterian Church and the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk. A Presbyterian minister, Prof E MacMillan, lectured from 1917 till 1934. This marked the end of Presbyterian participation. In the next period, 1935-1937, the Department suffered from a controversy between the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk and its new partner, the Nederduitsch Hervormde of Gereformeerde Kerk. The issue was solved when the Faculty divided into two sections, Section A for the Nederduitsch Hervormde Kerk and Section B for the Nederduitsch Hervormde of G ereformeerde Kerk. Prof H P Wolmarans was appointed to the chair of Science of Religion (Sec A in 1938 and served as head of the Department till 1959. He was succeeded by Prof F J van Zyl in 1960, who served till 1978.

  10. Central American Street Gangs: Their Role in Communities and Prisons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonja Wolf

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available – Territories of Violence: State, Marginal Youth, and Public Security in Honduras, by Lirio Gutiérrez Rivera. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.– Adiós Niño: The Gangs of Guatemala City and the Politics of Death, by Deborah T. Levenson. Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2013.– The Rule of Law in Central America: Citizens’ Reactions to Crime and Punishment, by Mary Fran T. Malone. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2012.– Ver, oír, callar. En las profundidades de una pandilla salvadoreña, by Juan José Martínez D’Aubuisson. San Salvador: AURA Ediciones, 2013.– Gangsters Without Borders: An Ethnography of a Salvadoran Street Gang, by T. W. Ward. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013.

  11. Tuning upconversion through energy migration in core-shell nanoparticles

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Feng

    2011-10-23

    Photon upconversion is promising for applications such as biological imaging, data storage or solar cells. Here, we have investigated upconversion processes in a broad range of gadolinium-based nanoparticles of varying composition. We show that by rational design of a core-shell structure with a set of lanthanide ions incorporated into separated layers at precisely defined concentrations, efficient upconversion emission can be realized through gadolinium sublattice-mediated energy migration for a wide range of lanthanide activators without long-lived intermediary energy states. Furthermore, the use of the core-shell structure allows the elimination of deleterious cross-relaxation. This effect enables fine-tuning of upconversion emission through trapping of the migrating energy by the activators. Indeed, the findings described here suggest a general approach to constructing a new class of luminescent materials with tunable upconversion emissions by controlled manipulation of energy transfer within a nanoscopic region. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  12. A general relationship between disorder, aggregation and charge transport in conjugated polymers

    KAUST Repository

    Noriega, Rodrigo

    2013-08-04

    Conjugated polymer chains have many degrees of conformational freedom and interact weakly with each other, resulting in complex microstructures in the solid state. Understanding charge transport in such systems, which have amorphous and ordered phases exhibiting varying degrees of order, has proved difficult owing to the contribution of electronic processes at various length scales. The growing technological appeal of these semiconductors makes such fundamental knowledge extremely important for materials and process design. We propose a unified model of how charge carriers travel in conjugated polymer films. We show that in high-molecular-weight semiconducting polymers the limiting charge transport step is trapping caused by lattice disorder, and that short-range intermolecular aggregation is sufficient for efficient long-range charge transport. This generalization explains the seemingly contradicting high performance of recently reported, poorly ordered polymers and suggests molecular design strategies to further improve the performance of future generations of organic electronic materials. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  13. Materials interface engineering for solution-processed photovoltaics

    KAUST Repository

    Graetzel, Michael

    2012-08-15

    Advances in solar photovoltaics are urgently needed to increase the performance and reduce the cost of harvesting solar power. Solution-processed photovoltaics are cost-effective to manufacture and offer the potential for physical flexibility. Rapid progress in their development has increased their solar-power conversion efficiencies. The nanometre (electron) and micrometre (photon) scale interfaces between the crystalline domains that make up solution-processed solar cells are crucial for efficient charge transport. These interfaces include large surface area junctions between photoelectron donors and acceptors, the intralayer grain boundaries within the absorber, and the interfaces between photoactive layers and the top and bottom contacts. Controlling the collection and minimizing the trapping of charge carriers at these boundaries is crucial to efficiency. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  14. How lysenkoism became pseudoscience: dobzhansky to velikovsky.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordin, Michael D

    2012-01-01

    At some point in America in the 1940s, T. D. Lysenko's neo-Lamarckian hereditary theories transformed from a set of disputed doctrines into a prime exemplar of "pseudoscience." This paper explores the context in which this theory acquired this pejorative status by examining American efforts to refute Lysenkoism both before and after the famous August 1948 endorsement of Lysenko's doctrines by the Stalinist state, with particular attention to the translation efforts of Theodosius Dobzhansky. After enumerating numerous tactics for combating perceived pseudoscience, the Lysenko case is then juxtaposed with another American case of alleged pseudoscience: the notorious 1950 scandal surrounding Immanuel Velikovsky's Worlds in Collision (1950, Worlds in Collision. New York: Macmillan). On several levels, the characterization of Lysenkoism as pseudoscientific served as a template for casting other rejected theories, including Velikovsky's, in the same light.

  15. Tackling ageism in cancer treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffin, Christian

    2013-02-01

    Evidence shows that older patients are discriminated against when it comes to cancer treatment. A pilot project was commissioned by the Department of Health in partnership with Macmillan Cancer Support and Age UK. The project involved staff, including nurses, from five cancer networks in England examining ways to improve care for this patient group. Drawing on approaches used in geriatric medicine, patients' needs in accessing treatment were explored by conducting assessments and, for example, providing taxis for hospital appointments and practical support from voluntary organisations. Challenges for nurses included lack of training in patient screening and the extra workload caused by the assessments. The report on the pilot project concluded that involving elderly care specialists and using comprehensive geriatric assessments were useful approaches in the care of older cancer patients.

  16. Neural network models of categorical perception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damper, R I; Harnad, S R

    2000-05-01

    Studies of the categorical perception (CP) of sensory continua have a long and rich history in psychophysics. In 1977, Macmillan, Kaplan, and Creelman introduced the use of signal detection theory to CP studies. Anderson and colleagues simultaneously proposed the first neural model for CP, yet this line of research has been less well explored. In this paper, we assess the ability of neural-network models of CP to predict the psychophysical performance of real observers with speech sounds and artificial/novel stimuli. We show that a variety of neural mechanisms are capable of generating the characteristics of CP. Hence, CP may not be a special model of perception but an emergent property of any sufficiently powerful general learning system.

  17. Is signal detection theory fundamentally flawed? A response to Balakrishnan (1998a, 1998b, 1999).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treisman, Michel

    2002-12-01

    For nearly 50 years, signal detection theory (SDT; Green & Swvets, 1966; Macmillan & Creelman, 1991) has been of central importance in the development of psychophysics and other areas of psychology. The theory has recently been challenged by Balakrishnan (1998b), who argues that, within SDT, an alternative index is "better justified" than d' and who claims to show (1998a, 1999) that SDT is fundamentally flawed and should be rejected. His evidence is based on new nonparametric measures that he has introduced and applied to experimental data. He believes his results show that basic assumptions of SDT are not supported-in particular, that payoff and probability manipulations do not affect the position of the decision criterion. In view of the importance of SDT in psychology, these claims deserve careful examination. They are critically reviewed here. It appears that it is Balakrishnans arguments that fail, and not SDT

  18. Confidence in word detection predicts word identification: implications for an unconscious perception paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haase, S J; Fisk, G

    2001-01-01

    The present experiments extend the scope of the independent observation model based on signal detection theory (Macmillan & Creelman, 1991) to complex (word) stimulus sets. In the first experiment, the model predicts the relationship between uncertain detection and subsequent correct identification, thereby providing an alternative interpretation to a phenomenon often described as unconscious perception. Our second experiment used an exclusion task (Jacoby, Toth, & Yonelinas, 1993), which, according to theories of unconscious perception, should show qualitative differences in performance based on stimulus detection accuracy and provide a relative measure of conscious versus unconscious influences (Merikle, Joordens, & Stoltz, 1995). Exclusion performance was also explained by the model, suggesting that undetected words did not unconsciously influence identification responses.

  19. Finance and Economic Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ugo Panizza

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanThis chapter reviews the literature on finance and economic development. It starts with a description of the roles of finance, a definition of financial efficiency, and a discussion of whether countries may have financial sectors that are ‘too large’ compared to the size of the domestic economy. Next, the author describes several indicators of financial development and reviews the literature on the relationship between financial development and economic growth. In the literature review, he discusses in detail some recent evidence indicating that the marginal contribution of financial development to gross domestic product (GDP growth becomes negative when credit to the private sector reaches 110 per cent of GDP. The chapter concludes with some policy conclusions targeted to developing countries.

  20. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Noorduyn

    1982-10-01

    Full Text Available - C. van Dijk, M.C. Ricklefs, A history of modern Indonesia. C. 1300 to the present, London and Basingstoke, The MacMillan Press Ltd., 1981. xii + 335 pp. MacMillan Asian Histories Series. - L.A. Hoedemaker, S.C. Graaf van Randwijck, Handelen en denken in dienst der zending (Oestgeest 1897-1942, 2 delen, Den Haag Boekencentrum, 1981. - G.J. Knaap, Hubert Jacobs SJ, Documenta Malucensia II (1577-1606, annotated by Hubert Jacobs SJ, Monumenta Missionum Societatis Iesu volumen XXXIX, Missiones Orientalis, Rome, Jesuit Historical Institute; 1980, XXXI + 65* + 794 blz. - David S. Moyer, H. Sutherland, The making of a bureaucratic elite; The colonial transformation of the Javanese Priyayi, Asian studies association of Australia, Southeast Asia publication series no. 2, Heinemann educational books (Asia, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong, 1979, xx + 182 pp. - S.A. Niessen, Garrett Solyom, The world of the Javanese Keris, 1978, East-West Centre, Honolulu, Hawaii., Bronwen Solyom (eds. - S.A. Niessen, Anne Leonard, Patterns of Paradise; The styles and significance of bark cloth around the world, 1980, Field museum of natural history., John Terrell (eds. - S.A. Niessen, Kirk Endicott, Batek Negrito Religion, 1979, Oxford Clarendon Press. - J. Noorduyn, Olivier Carré, L’Islam et l’état dans le monde d’aujourd’hui, Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1982. 270 p. - H.A. Poeze, Joop Morriën, Indonesië los van Holland. De CPN en de PKI in hun strijd tegen het Nederlands kolonialisme, Pegasus Amsterdam, 1982, 272 pp.

  1. Investigating the auroral electrojets using Swarm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Ashley; Macmillan, Susan; Beggan, Ciaran; Whaler, Kathy

    2016-04-01

    The auroral electrojets are large horizontal currents that flow within the ionosphere in ovals around the polar regions. They are an important aspect of space weather and their position and intensity vary with solar wind conditions and geomagnetic activity. The electrojet positions are also governed by the Earth's main magnetic field. During more active periods, the auroral electrojets typically move equatorward and become more intense. This causes a range of effects on Earth and in space, including geomagnetically induced currents in power transmission networks, disturbance to radio communications and increased drag on satellites due to expansion of the atmosphere. They are also indicative of where the aurora are visible. Monitoring of the auroral electrojets in the pre-satellite era was limited to the network of ground-based magnetic observatories, from which the traditional AE activity indices are produced. These suffer in particular from the stations' poor distribution in position and so this motivates the use of satellite-based measurements. With polar low-Earth orbit satellites carrying magnetometers, all latitudes can be sampled with excellent resolution. This poster presents an investigation using Swarm's magnetometer data to detect the electrojets as the spacecraft move above them. We compare and contrast two approaches, one which uses vector data and the other which uses scalar data (Hamilton and Macmillan 2013, Vennerstrom and Moretto, 2013). Using ideas from both approaches we determine the oval positions and intensities from Swarm and earlier satellites. The variation in latitude and intensity with solar wind conditions, geomagnetic activity and secular variation of the main field is investigated. We aim to elucidate the relative importance of these factors. Hamilton, B. and Macmillan, S., 2013. Investigation of decadal scale changes in the auroral oval positions using Magsat and CHAMP data. Poster at IAGA 12th Scientific Assembly, 2013. http

  2. Cognitive Modeling of Social Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clancey, William J.; Sierhuis, Maarten; Damer. Bruce; Brodsky, Boris

    2004-01-01

    The driving theme of cognitive modeling for many decades has been that knowledge affects how and which goals are accomplished by an intelligent being (Newell 1991). But when one examines groups of people living and working together, one is forced to recognize that whose knowledge is called into play, at a particular time and location, directly affects what the group accomplishes. Indeed, constraints on participation, including roles, procedures, and norms, affect whether an individual is able to act at all (Lave & Wenger 1991; Jordan 1992; Scribner & Sachs 1991). To understand both individual cognition and collective activity, perhaps the greatest opportunity today is to integrate the cognitive modeling approach (which stresses how beliefs are formed and drive behavior) with social studies (which stress how relationships and informal practices drive behavior). The crucial insight is that norms are conceptualized in the individual &nd as ways of carrying out activities (Clancey 1997a, 2002b). This requires for the psychologist a shift from only modeling goals and tasks - why people do what they do - to modeling behavioral patterns-what people do-as they are engaged in purposeful activities. Instead of a model that exclusively deduces actions from goals, behaviors are also, if not primarily, driven by broader patterns of chronological and located activities (akin to scripts). This analysis is particular inspired by activity theory (Leont ev 1979). While acknowledging that knowledge (relating goals and operations) is fundamental for intelligent behavior, activity theory claims that a broader driver is the person s motives and conceptualization of activities. Such understanding of human interaction is normative (i.e., viewed with respect to social standards), affecting how knowledge is called into play and applied in practice. Put another way, how problems are discovered and framed, what methods are chosen, and indeed who even cares or has the authority to act, are all

  3. Size and XAD fractionations of trihalomethane precursors from soils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, Alex T; Guo, Fengmao; Gao, Suduan; Breuer, Richard S

    2006-03-01

    Soil organic matter is an important source of allochthonous dissolved organic matter inputs to the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta waterways, which is a drinking water source for 22 million people in California, USA. Knowledge of trihalomethane (THM) formation potential of soil-derived organic carbon is important for developing effective strategies for organic carbon removal in drinking water treatment. In this study, soil organic carbon was extracted with electrolytes (deionized H2O and Na- or Ca-based electrolytes) of electrical conductivity bracketing those found in Delta leaching and runoff conditions. The extracts were physically and chemically separated into different fractions: colloidal organic carbon (0.45-0.1 microm), fine colloidal organic carbon (0.1-0.025 microm), and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) (<0.025 microm); hydrophobic acid (HPOA), transphilic acid, and hydrophilic acid. Two representative Delta soils, Rindge Muck (a peat soil) and Scribner Clay Loam (a mineral soil) were examined. Results showed that less than 2% of soil organic carbon was electrolyte-extractable and heterogeneous organic fractions with distinct THM reactivity existed. Regardless of soil and electrolytes, DOC and HPOA fractions were dominant in terms of total concentration and THMFP. The amounts of extractable organic carbon and THMFP were dependent on the cation and to a lesser extent on electrical conductivity of electrolytes. Along with our previous study on temperature and moisture effects on DOC production, we propose a conceptual model to describe the impacts of agricultural practices on DOC production in the Delta. DOC is mainly produced in the surface peat soils during the summer and is immobilized by accumulated salt in the soils. DOC is leached from soils to drainage ditches and finally to the Delta channels during winter salt leaching practices.

  4. Stratégie de prise en charge de l'hypertension artérielle en hémodialyse chronique: un modèle appliqué d’éducation thérapeutique des patients (ETP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    El Harraqui, Ryme; Naima, Abda; Yassamine, Bentata; Haddiya, Intissar

    2014-01-01

    Même après l'entrée en dialyse, la prévalence de l'hypertension artérielle (HTA) reste élevée. Elle est souvent greffée d'une forte morbi-mortalité, et altère la qualité de vie des patients hémodialysés chroniques. La « méthode du poids sec (PS) », établie par Scribner, présente un intérêt indéniable dans la gestion de l'HTA chez le patient hémodialysé. Le but de notre travail était de déterminer la prévalence et les facteurs de risque (FDR) de l'HTA chez nos hémodialysés chroniques et d'en tenter une réduction en nous basant sur une stratégie d’éducation thérapeutique basée sur les recommandations de Scribner. Nous avons mené une étude prospective interventionnelle en trois mois et en trois phases, auprès des 93 hémodialysés chroniques de l'Hôpital Al Farabi d'Oujda. En phase 1, nous avons déterminé la prévalence de l'HTA par la surveillance horaire de la tension artérielle (TA) durant la séance de dialyse pendant deux semaines, soit sur un total de 442 séances. Les patients ont également mesuré leur pression artérielle (PA) hors-centre de façon biquotidienne les jours de non-dialyse, soit un total de 1720 mesures hors-centre. L'HTA a été définie par une Pression Artérielle Systolique (PAS) supérieure ou égale à 140mmHg et/ou une Pression Artérielle Diastolique (PAD) supérieure ou égale à 90mmHg sur au moins 2 mesures. En phase 2, les patients hypertendus ont bénéficié d'une prise en charge basée sur les recommandations de Scribner et une éducation thérapeutique (ETP). En phase 3, nous évalué les retombées de notre prise en charge. Une HTA a été notée sur 231 séances chez 57 patients, soit une prévalence de 61,3%. La PAS moyenne était de 172,75±17,69 (145-220) mmHg. Les FDR retenus sont: l’âge, la PPID importante, le non respect des règles hygiéno-diététiques (RHD) et le rythme de 2 séances de dialyse/semaine. Au départ, 13 patients (22,8%) étaient dialysés trois fois par

  5. Open system sulphate reduction in a diagenetic environment - Isotopic analysis of barite (δ34S and δ18O) and pyrite (δ34S) from the Tom and Jason Late Devonian Zn-Pb-Ba deposits, Selwyn Basin, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magnall, J. M.; Gleeson, S. A.; Stern, R. A.; Newton, R. J.; Poulton, S. W.; Paradis, S.

    2016-05-01

    Highly positive δ34S values in sulphide minerals are a common feature of shale hosted massive sulphide deposits (SHMS). Often this is attributed to near quantitative consumption of seawater sulphate, and for Paleozoic strata of the Selwyn Basin (Canada), this is thought to occur during bacterial sulphate reduction (BSR) in a restricted, euxinic water column. In this study, we focus on drill-core samples of sulphide and barite mineralisation from two Late Devonian SHMS deposits (Tom and Jason, Macmillan Pass, Selwyn Basin), to evaluate this euxinic basin model. The paragenetic relationship between barite, pyrite and hydrothermal base metal sulphides has been determined using transmitted and reflected light microscopy, and backscatter electron imaging. This petrographic framework provides the context for in-situ isotopic microanalysis (secondary ion mass spectrometry; SIMS) of barite and pyrite. These data are supplemented by analyses of δ34S values for bulk rock pyrite (n = 37) from drill-core samples of un-mineralised (barren), siliceous mudstone, to provide a means by which to evaluate the mass balance of sulphur in the host rock. Three generations of barite have been identified, all of which pre-date hydrothermal input. Isotopically, the three generations of barite have overlapping distributions of δ34S and δ18O values (+22.5‰ to +33.0‰ and +16.4‰ to +18.3‰, respectively) and are consistent with an origin from modified Late Devonian seawater. Radiolarian tests, enriched in barium, are abundant within the siliceous mudstones, providing evidence that primary barium enrichment was associated with biologic activity. We therefore propose that barite formed following remobilisation of productivity-derived barium within the sediment, and precipitated within diagenetic pore fluids close to the sediment water interface. Two generations of pyrite are texturally associated with barite: framboidal pyrite (py-I), which has negative δ34S values (-23‰ to -28

  6. An Analysis of Financing Difficulty of Small and Medium Enterprises in the New Rra%结构矛盾、金融异化与中小企业融资难困境

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈丽桦; 曾福生

    2012-01-01

    In the first year of “Twelfth-Five Year Plan”, SMEs face a weak external demand and serious shortage of domestic demand. SME's financing condition has become increasingly sophisticated. Macmillan gap endangers the sur-vival of SMEs, leading to many private owners running away. The transformation and upgrading of SMEs have become in-creasingly difficult. Macmillan gap of China's MSEs is mainly due to the thirst of credit market and causes financial prices failure. Imperfect credit system leads to commercial banks do not want to give loan to SMEs. The SME loan default rates are high. Credit is tightened. Therefore, we must take some measures to prevent this situation:accelerating the construc-tion of SME credit system;adjusting the structure of bank credit to improve SME loan business;regulating the informal fi-nancial development;and strengthening the construction of enterprises themselves.%“十二五”走完开局之年,我国中小企业却面临着外部需求疲软与内需严重不足的双重困境,结构矛盾、金融异化现象突出,中小企业融资状况越来越复杂。麦克米伦缺口拉大危及中小企业生存,导致许多民营老板的跑路,致使中小企业转型升级越来越困难。其主要原因是信贷市场的资金饥渴导致金融价格失灵,征信系统不完善而引发商业银行对中小企业“惜贷”的羊群行为,中小企业贷款违约率高,在银企交易的博弈中往往以失败告终,信贷政策收紧等。因此,必须从加快中小企业征信体系建设;调整银行信贷结构,完善中小企业贷款业务;规范民间金融发展;加强企业自身建设等方面加以防范。

  7. Making a black shale shine: the interaction of hydrothermal fluids and diagenetic processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleeson, Sarah; Magnall, Joe; Reynolds, Merilie

    2016-04-01

    Hydrothermal fluids are important agents of mass and thermal transfer in the upper crust. This is exemplified by shale-hosted massive sulphide deposits (SHMS), which are anomalous accumulations of Zn and Pb sulphides (± barite) in sedimentary basins created by hydrothermal fluids. These deposits occur in passive margin settings and, typically, there is no direct evidence of magmatic input. Recent studies of Paleozoic deposits in the North American Cordillera (MacMillan Pass and Red Dog Districts) have shown that the deposits are formed in a sub-seafloor setting, where the potential for thermal and chemical gradients is high. Mineralization is characterized by the replacement and displacement of unconsolidated, partially lithified and lithified biosiliceous mudstones (± carbonates), and commonly the sulphide mineralization post-dates, and replaces, bedded barite units in the sediments. The Red Dog District (Alaska, USA) contain some of the largest Zn-Pb deposits ever discovered. The host-rocks are dominantly carbonaceous mudstones, with carbonate units and some radiolarites. The ore forms massive sulphide bodies that replace pyritized mudstones, barite and carbonate units. Lithological and textural relationships provide evidence that much of the ore formed in bioturbated, biosiliceous zones that may have had high primary porosity and/or permeability. Sediment permeability may have been further modified by aging of the silica rich sediments and the dissolution/replacement of carbonate and barite beds. At the Tom and Jason deposits (MacMillan Pass, Yukon) the fault-controlled hydrothermal upflow zone is uniquely preserved as an unequivocal vent complex. Here, the metal bearing fluids are hot (300°C), low salinity (6 wt% NaCl equiv.) and acidic (pH Red Dog deposits, reduced sulphur was generated during open system diagenesis and euxinic conditions were not present at the time of mineralization. Furthermore, the formation of diagenetic barite provided an important

  8. EL GÉNERO EN EL CONTEXTO CULTURAL DE APRENDIZAJE UNIVERSITARIO: LA FOTOGRAFÍA COMO VOZ REVELADORA.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva María Olmedo Moreno

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Los informes sobre el EEES proponen un nuevo enfoque de aprendizaje basado en la construcción del conocimiento, que supone no sólo un cambio en la propuesta metodológica actual, sino que también del contexto cultural de aprendizaje que desencadene una nueva cultura de aprendizaje. Diversos trabajos, desde la perspectiva sociocultural (Gay y Cole, 1967; Rogoff y Lave, 1984; Scribner et al., 1982; Carraher, Carraher y Schliemann, 1985; Saxe, 1989; Capon y Kuhn, 1979; Buendía y Olmedo, 2002; Olmedo, Pegalajar y Buendía, 2011, insisten en la importancia del escenario en el que se desarrollan las acciones de aprendizaje y la necesidad de apostar por contextos permeables y enriquecidos por lo masculino y lo femenino (Calvo y Susinos, 2010. Este trabajo se centra en describir y reescribir para interpretar las relaciones de los objetos, presentados en fotografías por los y las participantes. Tres grupos de estudiantes de Posgrado de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación de la Universidad de Granada, que construyen el contexto cultural de aprendizaje desde su perspectiva, diferenciada por la identidad de género. Mediante la investigación basada en la imagen, subyace como principal conclusión que a pesar de los esfuerzos realizados en la institución universitaria por cambiar hacia un modelo de aprendizaje constructivista, aún no está asumido completamente por los y las estudiantes, puesto que las modalidades de aprendizaje menos representadas son propias a este. El género no se ha incluido como orientador en las nuevas teorías y metodologías universitarias; las mujeres tratan de adaptar y reconfigurar el espacio a las necesidades demandadas por las nuevas acciones, haciéndolos más versátiles, y los hombres más conservadores y reafirmados en modalidades de carácter prioritariamente individuales, situadas en entornos tradicionales de aprendizaje como es un aula o su habitación de estudio.

  9. Use of impedance spectroscopy to investigate factors that influence the performance and durability of proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Sunil K.

    Impedance spectroscopy provides the opportunity for in-situ identification and quantification of physical processes and has been used extensively to study the behavior of the fuel cell. However, a key question to be answered is whether the features seen in the impedance response are caused by an artifact or represent a physical process taking place in the system. The measurement model developed by our group can be used to identify the frequency ranges unaffected by bias errors associated with instrument artifacts and non-stationary behavior. Impedance measurements were performed with the 850C fuel-cell test station supplied by Scribner Associates and with a Gamry Instruments FC350 impedance analyzer coupled with a Dynaload electronic load. All electrochemical measurements were performed with a two-electrode cell in which the anode served as a pseudo-reference electrode. The experiments were conducted in galavanostatic mode for a frequency range of 0.001-3000 Hz with 10 mA peak-to-peak sinusoidal perturbation, and ten points were collected per frequency decade. Ultra pure hydrogen was used as the anode fuel, and compressed air was used as oxidant. The measurement model was used to show that low-frequency inductive loops were, in some cases, fully self consistent, and, therefore, the inductive loops could be attributed to processes occurring in the fuel cell. Then we developed first-principle models that incorporate processes that may be responsible for the inductive response seen at low frequencies. We found that side reactions producing hydrogen peroxide intermediates and reactions causing Pt deactivation could yield inductive loops. These side reactions and the intermediates can degrade fuel cell components such as membranes and electrodes, thereby reducing the lifetime the fuel cells. The hypothesized reaction involving of peroxide and PtO formation were supported by microstructural characterization. A more sensitive manner of using impedance spectroscopy to gain

  10. A Novel Method for Synthesis of OMC and M-OMC for PEM Fuel Cell Pt-electrocatalyst

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worku, Dereje G.

    Abstract Commercialization of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) has become an important challenge since platinum (Pt), which is being used as the primary catalyst is highly expensive and susceptible to CO poisoning. Thus improving the catalytic efficiency and increase CO tolerance of the electrocatalyst is vital for commercialization of PEMFC. The aim of this research is to synthesize ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) and modified ordered mesoporous carbon (mOMC) supports with high surface area that will allow low platinum loading minimizing the cost. OMC is synthesized using house made SBA-15 as a template whereas the mOMC is synthesized using 10%M/SBA-15 (M: Ni, Co, Fe, W) as templates and sugar as a carbon source prepared via impregnation method that is optimized through different techniques such as selection of precursor, precursor solvent, and its pH medium. The mOMCs with high surface area and improved electrical conductivity, and durability are obtained by optimizing the parameters employed in the synthesis processes of mOMC such as carbonization temperature. The objective of using mOMC as catalyst support is but not limited to enhance the transport of reactant gases by providing uniform interconnected pores and higher uniform Pt dispersion. The catalysts were tested for performance and polarization on 5 cm 2 membrane electrode assembly (MEAs) for 20 wt% Pt loading under controlled experimental conditions using well equipped Fuel Cell Testing Station (Model 850, Scribner Associates Inc.). The synthesized OMC and mOMC were also characterized by nitrogen adsorption desorption analysis (BET), and x-ray diffraction (XRD) to determine the pore size, specific surface area, and the ordered structure. BET analysis of the OMC and mOMC synthesized shows a specific surface area and pore size of 1239 m2/g (3.73 nm), 1228 m2/g (3.67nm) ,1321 m2/g (3.73 nm) and 1367 m2/g (3.59 nm) for Co, Ni, Fe, and W respectively with OMC being the highest with specific

  11. Stress changes from the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake and increased hazard in the Sichuan basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parsons, T.; Ji, C.; Kirby, E.

    2008-01-01

    On 12 May 2008, the devastating magnitude 7.9 (Wenchuan) earthquake struck the eastern edge of the Tibetan plateau, collapsing buildings and killing thousands in major cities aligned along the western Sichuan basin in China. After such a large-magnitude earthquake, rearrangement of stresses in the crust commonly leads to subsequent damaging earthquakes. The mainshock of the 12 May earthquake ruptured with as much as 9 m of slip along the boundary between the Longmen Shan and Sichuan basin, and demonstrated the complex strike-slip and thrust motion that characterizes the region. The Sichuan basin and surroundings are also crossed by other active strike-slip and thrust faults. Here we present calculations of the coseismic stress changes that resulted from the 12 May event using models of those faults, and show that many indicate significant stress increases. Rapid mapping of such stress changes can help to locate fault sections with relatively higher odds of producing large aftershocks. ??2008 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  12. The Transformation of International NGOs and Their Impact on Development Aid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Richard Davies

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanInternational non-governmental organisations (INGOs are among the key actors in the transformation of development as a global public policy issue in the post-Cold War era. This chapter explores how in the past two decades INGOs concerned with development have transformed their structures and practices as well as development discourse. The author shows how development INGOs have globalised, in terms of both the formation of international confederations and the collaboration of multiple INGOs in global coalitions. A key development has been the erosion of the apparent North–South divide among development INGOs, with INGOs that originated in donor countries reforming their structures to give a greater voice to their affiliates in recipient countries, and organisations that originated in developing countries forming affiliates in developed countries. The reorientation of INGO advocacy from states toward intergovernmental and corporate actors is also explored, as is the creation of new forms of partnerships with both governmental and private actors. The chapter addresses how development INGOs have attempted to respond to critiques of their accountability and legitimacy through reforms such as the International NGO Charter on Accountability, while the conclusion explores the limitations of the transformations of development INGOs, and the challenges that these new configurations pose.

  13. Fault weakening and earthquake instability by powder lubrication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reches, Z.; Lockner, D.A.

    2010-01-01

    Earthquake instability has long been attributed to fault weakening during accelerated slip1, and a central question of earthquake physics is identifying the mechanisms that control this weakening2. Even with much experimental effort2-12, the weakening mechanisms have remained enigmatic. Here we present evidence for dynamic weakening of experimental faults that are sheared at velocities approaching earthquake slip rates. The experimental faults, which were made of room-dry, solid granite blocks, quickly wore to form a fine-grain rock powder known as gouge. At modest slip velocities of 10-60mms-1, this newly formed gouge organized itself into a thin deforming layer that reduced the fault's strength by a factor of 2-3. After slip, the gouge rapidly 'aged' and the fault regained its strength in a matter of hours to days. Therefore, only newly formed gouge can weaken the experimental faults. Dynamic gouge formation is expected to be a common and effective mechanism of earthquake instability in the brittle crust as (1) gouge always forms during fault slip5,10,12-20; (2) fault-gouge behaves similarly to industrial powder lubricants21; (3) dynamic gouge formation explains various significant earthquake properties; and (4) gouge lubricant can form for a wide range of fault configurations, compositions and temperatures15. ?? 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  14. Pay to Preserve: The Global Politics of Ecuador’s Yasuní-ITT Proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela L. Martin

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanThe case to leave nearly 900 million barrels of oil underground in Ecuador’s Amazonian Yasuní National Park demonstrates the significance of transnational networks in the institutionalisation of alternative norms for global environmental governance. Through complex local and global networks, the Yasuní Fund, governed with UNDP, has created a potential model of replication for other developing, megadiverse countries that are trapped in the petro-curse and yet seek solutions contributing towards sustainable development and social justice. What makes the Yasuní-ITT initiative unique is its call to protect the environment and the indigenous societies that live within it by paying for avoided carbon emissions. Such a plan unites global climate change goals for a post-Kyoto solution that involves the South with Ecuador’s constitutional and normative base of living in harmony with nature, sumak kawsay in Quichua (el buen vivir in Spanish or ‘the good life’.

  15. Earth system sensitivity inferred from Pliocene modelling and data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lunt, D.J.; Haywood, A.M.; Schmidt, G.A.; Salzmann, U.; Valdes, P.J.; Dowsett, H.J.

    2010-01-01

    Quantifying the equilibrium response of global temperatures to an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations is one of the cornerstones of climate research. Components of the Earths climate system that vary over long timescales, such as ice sheets and vegetation, could have an important effect on this temperature sensitivity, but have often been neglected. Here we use a coupled atmosphere-ocean general circulation model to simulate the climate of the mid-Pliocene warm period (about three million years ago), and analyse the forcings and feedbacks that contributed to the relatively warm temperatures. Furthermore, we compare our simulation with proxy records of mid-Pliocene sea surface temperature. Taking these lines of evidence together, we estimate that the response of the Earth system to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations is 30-50% greater than the response based on those fast-adjusting components of the climate system that are used traditionally to estimate climate sensitivity. We conclude that targets for the long-term stabilization of atmospheric greenhouse-gas concentrations aimed at preventing a dangerous human interference with the climate system should take into account this higher sensitivity of the Earth system. ?? 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  16. Too close and too rigid: applying the Circumplex Model of Family Systems to first-generation family firms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael-Tsabari, Nava; Lavee, Yoav

    2012-06-01

    Despite growing research interest in family businesses, little is known about the characteristics of the families engaging in them. The present paper uses Olson's (Journal of Psychotherapy & the Family, 1988, 4(12), 7-49; Journal of Family Therapy, 2000, 22, 144-167) Circumplex Model of Marital and Family Systems to look at first-generation family firms. We describe existing typologies of family businesses and discuss similarities between the characteristics of first-generation family firms and the rigidly enmeshed family type described in the Circumplex Model. The Steinberg family business (Gibbon & Hadekel (1990) Steinberg: The breakup of a family empire. ON, Canada: MacMillan) serves to illustrate the difficulties of rigidly enmeshed first-generation family firms. Implications for understanding troubled family businesses are discussed together with guidelines for the assessment of a family business in crisis and for intervention: enhancing open communication; allowing for more flexible leadership style, roles, and rules; and maintaining a balance between togetherness and separateness.

  17. Air-stable n-type colloidal quantum dot solids

    KAUST Repository

    Ning, Zhijun

    2014-06-08

    Colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) offer promise in flexible electronics, light sensing and energy conversion. These applications rely on rectifying junctions that require the creation of high-quality CQD solids that are controllably n-type (electron-rich) or p-type (hole-rich). Unfortunately, n-type semiconductors made using soft matter are notoriously prone to oxidation within minutes of air exposure. Here we report high-performance, air-stable n-type CQD solids. Using density functional theory we identify inorganic passivants that bind strongly to the CQD surface and repel oxidative attack. A materials processing strategy that wards off strong protic attack by polar solvents enabled the synthesis of an air-stable n-type PbS CQD solid. This material was used to build an air-processed inverted quantum junction device, which shows the highest current density from any CQD solar cell and a solar power conversion efficiency as high as 8%. We also feature the n-type CQD solid in the rapid, sensitive, and specific detection of atmospheric NO2. This work paves the way for new families of electronic devices that leverage air-stable quantum-tuned materials. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  18. Bright infrared quantum-dot light-emitting diodes through inter-dot spacing control

    KAUST Repository

    Sun, Liangfeng

    2012-05-06

    Infrared light-emitting diodes are currently fabricated from direct-gap semiconductors using epitaxy, which makes them expensive and difficult to integrate with other materials. Light-emitting diodes based on colloidal semiconductor quantum dots, on the other hand, can be solution-processed at low cost, and can be directly integrated with silicon. However, so far, exciton dissociation and recombination have not been well controlled in these devices, and this has limited their performance. Here, by tuning the distance between adjacent PbS quantum dots, we fabricate thin-film quantum-dot light-emitting diodes that operate at infrared wavelengths with radiances (6.4 W sr \\'1 m \\'2) eight times higher and external quantum efficiencies (2.0%) two times higher than the highest values previously reported. The distance between adjacent dots is tuned over a range of 1.3 nm by varying the lengths of the linker molecules from three to eight CH 2 groups, which allows us to achieve the optimum balance between charge injection and radiative exciton recombination. The electroluminescent powers of the best devices are comparable to those produced by commercial InGaAsP light-emitting diodes. By varying the size of the quantum dots, we can tune the emission wavelengths between 800 and 1,850 nm.© 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

  19. Enhanced single-photon emission from a diamond–silver aperture

    KAUST Repository

    Choy, Jennifer T.

    2011-10-09

    Solid-state quantum emitters, such as the nitrogen-vacancy centre in diamond, are robust systems for practical realizations of various quantum information processing protocols2-5 and nanoscale magnetometry schemes6,7 at room temperature. Such applications benefit from the high emission efficiency and flux of single photons, which can be achieved by engineering the electromagnetic environment of the emitter. One attractive approach is based on plasmonic resonators8-13, in which sub-wavelength confinement of optical fields can strongly modify the spontaneous emission of a suitably embedded dipole despite having only modest quality factors. Meanwhile, the scalability of solid-state quantum systems critically depends on the ability to control such emitterg-cavity interaction in a number of devices arranged in parallel. Here, we demonstrate a method to enhance the radiative emission rate of single nitrogen-vacancy centres in ordered arrays of plasmonic apertures that promises greater scalability over the previously demonstrated bottom-up approaches for the realization of on-chip quantum networks. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  20. Controlled growth of high-density CdS and CdSe nanorod arrays on selective facets of two-dimensional semiconductor nanoplates

    KAUST Repository

    Wu, Xue-Jun

    2016-03-14

    The rational synthesis of hierarchical three-dimensional nanostructures with specific compositions, morphologies and functionalities is important for applications in a variety of fields ranging from energy conversion and electronics to biotechnology. Here, we report a seeded growth approach for the controlled epitaxial growth of three types of hierarchical one-dimensional (1D)/two-dimensional (2D) nanostructures, where nanorod arrays of II-VI semiconductor CdS or CdSe are grown on the selective facets of hexagonal-shaped nanoplates, either on the two basal facets of the nanoplate, or on one basal facet, or on the two basal facets and six side facets. The seed engineering of 2D hexagonal-shaped nanoplates is the key factor for growth of the three resulting types of 1D/2D nanostructures. The wurtzite- and zinc-blende-type polymorphs of semiconductors are used to determine the facet-selective epitaxial growth of 1D nanorod arrays, resulting in the formation of different hierarchical three-dimensional (3D) nanostructures. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  1. Quantum-dot-in-perovskite solids

    KAUST Repository

    Ning, Zhijun

    2015-07-15

    © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Heteroepitaxy - atomically aligned growth of a crystalline film atop a different crystalline substrate - is the basis of electrically driven lasers, multijunction solar cells, and blue-light-emitting diodes. Crystalline coherence is preserved even when atomic identity is modulated, a fact that is the critical enabler of quantum wells, wires, and dots. The interfacial quality achieved as a result of heteroepitaxial growth allows new combinations of materials with complementary properties, which enables the design and realization of functionalities that are not available in the single-phase constituents. Here we show that organohalide perovskites and preformed colloidal quantum dots, combined in the solution phase, produce epitaxially aligned \\'dots-in-a-matrix\\' crystals. Using transmission electron microscopy and electron diffraction, we reveal heterocrystals as large as about 60 nanometres and containing at least 20 mutually aligned dots that inherit the crystalline orientation of the perovskite matrix. The heterocrystals exhibit remarkable optoelectronic properties that are traceable to their atom-scale crystalline coherence: photoelectrons and holes generated in the larger-bandgap perovskites are transferred with 80% efficiency to become excitons in the quantum dot nanocrystals, which exploit the excellent photocarrier diffusion of perovskites to produce bright-light emission from infrared-bandgap quantum-tuned materials. By combining the electrical transport properties of the perovskite matrix with the high radiative efficiency of the quantum dots, we engineer a new platform to advance solution-processed infrared optoelectronics.

  2. Replisome speed determines the efficiency of the Tus−Ter replication termination barrier

    KAUST Repository

    Elshenawy, Mohamed

    2015-08-31

    In all domains of life, DNA synthesis occurs bidirectionally from replication origins. Despite variable rates of replication fork progression, fork convergence often occurs at specific sites. Escherichia coli sets a \\'replication fork trap\\' that allows the first arriving fork to enter but not to leave the terminus region. The trap is set by oppositely oriented Tus-bound Ter sites that block forks on approach from only one direction. However, the efficiency of fork blockage by Tus-Ter does not exceed 50% in vivo despite its apparent ability to almost permanently arrest replication forks in vitro. Here we use data from single-molecule DNA replication assays and structural studies to show that both polarity and fork-arrest efficiency are determined by a competition between rates of Tus displacement and rearrangement of Tus-Ter interactions that leads to blockage of slower moving replisomes by two distinct mechanisms. To our knowledge this is the first example where intrinsic differences in rates of individual replisomes have different biological outcomes. ©2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  3. Large modulation of carrier transport by grain-boundary molecular packing and microstructure in organic thin films

    KAUST Repository

    Rivnay, Jonathan

    2009-11-08

    Solution-processable organic semiconductors are central to developing viable printed electronics, and performance comparable to that of amorphous silicon has been reported for films grown from soluble semiconductors. However, the seemingly desirable formation of large crystalline domains introduces grain boundaries, resulting in substantial device-to-device performance variations. Indeed, for films where the grain-boundary structure is random, a few unfavourable grain boundaries may dominate device performance. Here we isolate the effects of molecular-level structure at grain boundaries by engineering the microstructure of the high-performance n-type perylenediimide semiconductor PDI8-CN 2 and analyse their consequences for charge transport. A combination of advanced X-ray scattering, first-principles computation and transistor characterization applied to PDI8-CN 2 films reveals that grain-boundary orientation modulates carrier mobility by approximately two orders of magnitude. For PDI8-CN 2 we show that the molecular packing motif (that is, herringbone versus slip-stacked) plays a decisive part in grain-boundary-induced transport anisotropy. The results of this study provide important guidelines for designing device-optimized molecular semiconductors. © 2009 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  4. Multiple reference genomes and transcriptomes for Arabidopsis thaliana

    KAUST Repository

    Gan, Xiangchao

    2011-08-28

    Genetic differences between Arabidopsis thaliana accessions underlie the plants extensive phenotypic variation, and until now these have been interpreted largely in the context of the annotated reference accession Col-0. Here we report the sequencing, assembly and annotation of the genomes of 18 natural A. thaliana accessions, and their transcriptomes. When assessed on the basis of the reference annotation, one-third of protein-coding genes are predicted to be disrupted in at least one accession. However, re-annotation of each genome revealed that alternative gene models often restore coding potential. Gene expression in seedlings differed for nearly half of expressed genes and was frequently associated with cis variants within 5 kilobases, as were intron retention alternative splicing events. Sequence and expression variation is most pronounced in genes that respond to the biotic environment. Our data further promote evolutionary and functional studies in A. thaliana, especially the MAGIC genetic reference population descended from these accessions. ©2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  5. Harnessing structural darkness in the visible and infrared wavelengths for a new source of light

    KAUST Repository

    Huang, Jianfeng

    2015-10-19

    Engineering broadband light absorbers is crucial to many applications, including energy-harvesting devices and optical interconnects. The performances of an ideal absorber are that of a black body, a dark material that absorbs radiation at all angles and polarizations. Despite advances in micrometre-thick films, the absorbers available to date are still far from an ideal black body. Here, we describe a disordered nanostructured material that shows an almost ideal black-body absorption of 98-99% between 400 and 1,400 nm that is insensitive to the angle and polarization of the incident light. The material comprises nanoparticles composed of a nanorod with a nanosphere of 30 nm diameter attached. When diluted into liquids, a small concentration of nanoparticles absorbs on average 26% more than carbon nanotubes, the darkest material available to date. By pumping a dye optical amplifier with nanosecond pulses of 100 mW power, we harness the structural darkness of the material and create a new type of light source, which generates monochromatic emission (5 nm wide) without the need for any resonance. This is achieved through the dynamics of light condensation in which all absorbed electromagnetic energy spontaneously generates single-colour energy pulses. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  6. Reduction of thermal conductivity in phononic nanomesh structures

    KAUST Repository

    Yu, Jen-Kan

    2010-07-25

    Controlling the thermal conductivity of a material independently of its electrical conductivity continues to be a goal for researchers working on thermoelectric materials for use in energy applications1,2 and in the cooling of integrated circuits3. In principle, the thermal conductivity κ and the electrical conductivity σ may be independently optimized in semiconducting nanostructures because different length scales are associated with phonons (which carry heat) and electric charges (which carry current). Phonons are scattered at surfaces and interfaces, so κ generally decreases as the surface-to-volume ratio increases. In contrast, σ is less sensitive to a decrease in nanostructure size, although at sufficiently small sizes it will degrade through the scattering of charge carriers at interfaces. Here, we demonstrate an approach to independently controlling κ based on altering the phonon band structure of a semiconductor thin film through the formation of a phononic nanomesh film. These films are patterned with periodic spacings that are comparable to, or shorter than, the phonon mean free path. The nanomesh structure exhibits a substantially lower thermal conductivity than an equivalently prepared array of silicon nanowires, even though this array has a significantly higher surface-to-volume ratio. Bulk-like electrical conductivity is preserved. We suggest that this development is a step towards a coherent mechanism for lowering thermal conductivity. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  7. Solution coating of large-area organic semiconductor thin films with aligned single-crystalline domains

    KAUST Repository

    Diao, Ying

    2013-06-02

    Solution coating of organic semiconductors offers great potential for achieving low-cost manufacturing of large-area and flexible electronics. However, the rapid coating speed needed for industrial-scale production poses challenges to the control of thin-film morphology. Here, we report an approach - termed fluid-enhanced crystal engineering (FLUENCE) - that allows for a high degree of morphological control of solution-printed thin films. We designed a micropillar-patterned printing blade to induce recirculation in the ink for enhancing crystal growth, and engineered the curvature of the ink meniscus to control crystal nucleation. Using FLUENCE, we demonstrate the fast coating and patterning of millimetre-wide, centimetre-long, highly aligned single-crystalline organic semiconductor thin films. In particular, we fabricated thin films of 6,13-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl) pentacene having non-equilibrium single-crystalline domains and an unprecedented average and maximum mobilities of 8.1±1.2 cm2 V-1 s -1 and 11 cm2 V-1 s-1. FLUENCE of organic semiconductors with non-equilibrium single-crystalline domains may find use in the fabrication of high-performance, large-area printed electronics. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  8. Bias-voltage dependence of perpendicular spin-transfer torque in asymmetric MgO-based magnetic tunnel junctions

    KAUST Repository

    Oh, Se Chung

    2009-10-25

    Spin-transfer torque (STT) allows the electrical control of magnetic states in nanostructures. The STT in magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) is of particular importance owing to its potential for device applications. It has been demonstrated that the MTJ has a sizable perpendicular STT (, field-like torque), which substantially affects STT-driven magnetization dynamics. In contrast to symmetric MTJs where the bias dependence of is quadratic, it is theoretically predicted that the symmetry breaking of the system causes an extra linear bias dependence. Here, we report experimental results that are consistent with the predicted linear bias dependence in asymmetric MTJs. The linear contribution is quite significant and its sign changes from positive to negative as the asymmetry is modified. This result opens a way to design the bias dependence of the field-like term, which is useful for device applications by allowing, in particular, the suppression of the abnormal switching-back phenomena. © 2009 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  9. Old Wine in New Bottles? Does Climate Policy Determine Bilateral Development Aid for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Axel Michaelowa

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanSince the UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 bilateral and multilateral donors have stressed that development assistance has increasingly been oriented towards climate-friendly interventions. With respect to energy aid, this should lead to a substantial increase in projects related to renewable energy and energy efficiency. Given a new database of hundreds of thousands of bilateral development assistance projects, we can assess whether such a reorientation has indeed taken place. We find that, contrary to expectations, the share of bilaterally-funded renewable energy and energy efficiency projects did not increase over the period from 1980 to 2008. This share fluctuated greatly, following the price of oil, peaking with the second oil crisis of the early 1980s. The impacts of global climate policy treaties are minor or inexistent. ‘Traditional’ renewable energies such as hydro and geothermal declined, while “new” renewables showed two peaks in the early 1980s and late 1990s. Differences between donor countries are huge. Several countries, including climate sceptics such as the US and Australia, but also the UK and Switzerland, saw a consistent decline. The self-proclaimed climate pioneers such as Germany, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden show peaks related to both the oil crises and international climate policy. Only in Austria, Denmark, Finland and Spain can ‘new’ climate mitigation development assistance be found.

  10. Galileo Press Conference from JPL. Parts 1 and 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    This two-tape Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) video production presents a Dec. 8, 1992 press conference held at JPL to discuss the final Galileo spacecraft encounter with Earth before beginning its journey to Jupiter. The main theme of the conference was centered on the significance of the 2nd and final Earth/Moon flyby as being the spacecraft's last planetary encounter in the solar system before reaching Jupiter, as well as final flight preparations prior to its final journey. Each person of the five member panel was introduced by Robert MacMillan (JPL Public Information Mgr.) before giving brief presentations including slides and viewgraphs covering their area of expertise regarding Galileo's current status and future plans. After the presentations, the media was given an opportunity to ask questions of the panel regarding the mission. Mr. Wesley Huntress (Dir. of Solar System Exploration (NASA)), William J. ONeill (Galileo Project Manager), Neal E. Ausman, Jr. (Galileo Mission Director), Dr. Torrence V. Johnson (Galileo Project Scientist) and Dr. Ronald Greeley (Member, Imaging Team, Colorado St. Univ.) made up the panel and discussed topics including: Galileo's interplanetary trajectory; project status and performance review; instrument calibration activities; mission timelines; lunar observation and imaging; and general lunar science. Also included in the last three minutes of the video are simulations and images of the 2nd Galileo/Moon encounter.

  11. A functional SNP in the regulatory region of the decay-accelerating factor gene associates with extraocular muscle pareses in myasthenia gravis

    KAUST Repository

    Heckmann, J M

    2009-08-13

    Complement activation in myasthenia gravis (MG) may damage muscle endplate and complement regulatory proteins such as decay-accelerating factor (DAF) or CD55 may be protective. We hypothesize that the increased prevalence of severe extraocular muscle (EOM) dysfunction among African MG subjects reported earlier may result from altered DAF expression. To test this hypothesis, we screened the DAF gene sequences relevant to the classical complement pathway and found an association between myasthenics with EOM paresis and the DAF regulatory region c.-198CG SNP (odds ratio8.6; P0.0003). This single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) results in a twofold activation of a DAF 5?-flanking region luciferase reporter transfected into three different cell lines. Direct matching of the surrounding SNP sequence within the DAF regulatory region with the known transcription factor-binding sites suggests a loss of an Sp1-binding site. This was supported by the observation that the c.-198CG SNP did not show the normal lipopolysaccharide-induced DAF transcriptional upregulation in lymphoblasts from four patients. Our findings suggest that at critical periods during autoimmune MG, this SNP may result in inadequate DAF upregulation with consequent complement-mediated EOM damage. Susceptible individuals may benefit from anti-complement therapy in addition to immunosuppression. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  12. Emerging ‘Donor’, Geopolitical Actor: South Africa in the Global Terrain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Sidiropoulos

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanAn active participant in the various global debates and motivated by a desire to address global inequalities and power imbalances in rule-making, South Africa seeks to balance its domestic imperatives with an enlightened developmentally-minded foreign policy where Africa is the priority. Since 1994 South Africa has initiated many activities that may be described as development cooperation. However, with the exception of the African Renaissance Fund (ARF, it has lacked an overarching architecture for its assistance, which has been fragmented among various departments and agencies with very little coherence, bar their focus on Africa. The establishment of the South African Development Partnership Agency (SADPA within the Department of International Relations and Cooperation (DIRCO by the first half of 2012 is poised to address many of these shortcomings, ensuring greater intragovernmental coordination and evaluation. In embarking on this path, South Africa will engage more in the future structure of international development, arguing for a broader definition of development cooperation and a framework that has evolved with input from the South. The fluidity in global development provides an opportunity for South Africa to help bridge the divide between North and South, and encourage policy innovation in the aid debate.

  13. Surface modification-induced phase transformation of hexagonal close-packed gold square sheets

    KAUST Repository

    Fan, Zhanxi

    2015-03-13

    Conventionally, the phase transformation of inorganic nanocrystals is realized under extreme conditions (for example, high temperature or high pressure). Here we report the complete phase transformation of Au square sheets (AuSSs) from hexagonal close-packed (hcp) to face-centered cubic (fcc) structures at ambient conditions via surface ligand exchange, resulting in the formation of (100)f-oriented fcc AuSSs. Importantly, the phase transformation can also be realized through the coating of a thin metal film (for example, Ag) on hcp AuSSs. Depending on the surfactants used during the metal coating process, two transformation pathways are observed, leading to the formation of (100)f-oriented fcc Au@Ag core-shell square sheets and (110)h/(101)f-oriented hcp/fcc mixed Au@Ag nanosheets. Furthermore, monochromated electron energy loss spectroscopy reveals the strong surface plasmon resonance absorption of fcc AuSS and Au@Ag square sheet in the infrared region. Our findings may offer a new route for the crystal-phase and shape-controlled synthesis of inorganic nanocrystals. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  14. Early childhood numeracy in a multiage setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Karen; Frid, Sandra

    2005-10-01

    This research is a case study examining numeracy teaching and learning practices in an early childhood multiage setting with Pre-Primary to Year 2 children. Data were collected via running records, researcher reflection notes, and video and audio recordings. Video and audio transcripts were analysed using a mathematical discourse and social interactions coding system designed by MacMillan (1998), while the running records and reflection notes contributed to descriptions of the children's interactions with each other and with the teachers. Teachers used an `assisted performance' approach to instruction that supported problem solving and inquiry processes in mathematics activities, and this, combined with a child-centred pedagogy and specific values about community learning, created a learning environment designed to stimulate and foster learning. The mathematics discourse analysis showed a use of explanatory language in mathematics discourse, and this language supported scaffolding among children for new mathematics concepts. These and other interactions related to peer sharing, tutoring and regulation also emerged as key aspects of students' learning practices. However, the findings indicated that multiage grouping alone did not support learning. Rather, effective learning was dependent upon the teacher's capacities to develop productive discussion among children, as well as implement developmentally appropriate curricula that addressed the needs of the different children.

  15. Blackchested Prinia Prinia flavicans in Breeding Plumage at Satara, Kruger National Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Roome

    1988-10-01

    Full Text Available On 8 October 1986 a pair of Blackchested Prinia Prinia flavicans in breeding plumage was observed in the camping area of Satara Rest Camp, Kruger National Park. Playing and replaying a tape recording of the call of a Pearlspotted Owl Glaucidium perlatum, in order to see what avian activity would be aroused, the recording attracted Blackeyed Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus, Whitebellied Sunbird Nectarinia talatala and Tawnyflanked Prinia Prinia subflava, in addition to the pair of Blackchested Prinia, all highly excited and in search of the intruding Pearlspotted Owl. The birds homed in on the source of the call and all species were observed from a distance of some 2 m-3 m. Although recorded previously from the Kruger National Park (Newman 1980, Birds of Southern Africa 1: Kruger National Park, Johannesburg: Macmillan in non-breeding plumage and also referred to by Milstein & Milstein (1981, Koedoe 24: 109-117 as a species which they probably observed near Punda Milia (in winter plumage, the Blackchested Prinia recorded at Satara were most obliging and it was possible to positively identify the presence of this species in the Kruger National Park in its breeding plumage.

  16. A High-Resolution LC-MS-Based Secondary Metabolite Fingerprint Database of Marine Bacteria

    KAUST Repository

    Lu, Liang

    2014-10-09

    © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Marine bacteria are the most widely distributed organisms in the ocean environment and produce a wide variety of secondary metabolites. However, traditional screening for bioactive natural compounds is greatly hindered by the lack of a systematic way of cataloguing the chemical profiles of bacterial strains found in nature. Here we present a chemical fingerprint database of marine bacteria based on their secondary metabolite profiles, acquired by high-resolution LC-MS. Till now, 1,430 bacterial strains spanning 168 known species collected from different marine environments were cultured and profiled. Using this database, we demonstrated that secondary metabolite profile similarity is approximately, but not always, correlated with taxonomical similarity. We also validated the ability of this database to find species-specific metabolites, as well as to discover known bioactive compounds from previously unknown sources. An online interface to this database, as well as the accompanying software, is provided freely for the community to use.

  17. Pharmaceutical Company Corruption and the Moral Crisis in Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batt, Sharon

    2016-07-01

    A much-debated series of articles in the New England Journal of Medicine in May 2015 labeled the pharmaceutical industry's critics "pharmascolds." Having followed the debate for two decades, I count myself among the scolds. The weight of the evidence overwhelmingly supports the claim that pharmaceutical policy no longer serves the public interest; the central questions now are how this happened and what to do about it. I approached three of the most recent books on the industry with these questions in mind. Deadly Medicine and Organized Crime (CRC Press, 2013), by Peter Gøtzsche, Bad Pharma (Faber & Faber, 2013), by Ben Goldacre, and Good Pharma (Palgrave MacMillan, 2015), by Donald Light and Antonio Maturo, all situate their critical assessments in high-income countries globally, depicting the problem of pharmaceuticals as too many drugs approved with too little evidence, causing too many needless deaths, and prices spiraling to heights unimaginable just a decade ago. Light and Maturo, while no less critical of the status quo than Gøtzsche and Goldacre, take a different tack: they detail the success of an alternative model for pharmaceutical research, the Mario Negri Institute in Italy, citing it as proof positive that we can indeed defy capitalism's profit imperative.

  18. Stable cycling of double-walled silicon nanotube battery anodes through solid–electrolyte interphase control

    KAUST Repository

    Wu, Hui

    2012-03-25

    Although the performance of lithium ion-batteries continues to improve, their energy density and cycle life remain insufficient for applications in consumer electronics, transport and large-scale renewable energy storage 1-5. Silicon has a large charge storage capacity and this makes it an attractive anode material, but pulverization during cycling and an unstable solid-electrolyte interphase has limited the cycle life of silicon anodes to hundreds of cycles 6-11. Here, we show that anodes consisting of an active silicon nanotube surrounded by an ion-permeable silicon oxide shell can cycle over 6,000 times in half cells while retaining more than 85% of their initial capacity. The outer surface of the silicon nanotube is prevented from expansion by the oxide shell, and the expanding inner surface is not exposed to the electrolyte, resulting in a stable solid-electrolyte interphase. Batteries containing these double-walled silicon nanotube anodes exhibit charge capacities approximately eight times larger than conventional carbon anodes and charging rates of up to 20C (a rate of 1C corresponds to complete charge or discharge in one hour). © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  19. One-dimensional self-confinement promotes polymorph selection in large-area organic semiconductor thin films

    KAUST Repository

    Giri, Gaurav

    2014-04-16

    A crystal\\'s structure has significant impact on its resulting biological, physical, optical and electronic properties. In organic electronics, 6,13(bis-triisopropylsilylethynyl)pentacene (TIPS-pentacene), a small-molecule organic semiconductor, adopts metastable polymorphs possessing significantly faster charge transport than the equilibrium crystal when deposited using the solution-shearing method. Here, we use a combination of high-speed polarized optical microscopy, in situ microbeam grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray-scattering and molecular simulations to understand the mechanism behind formation of metastable TIPS-pentacene polymorphs. We observe that thin-film crystallization occurs first at the air-solution interface, and nanoscale vertical spatial confinement of the solution results in formation of metastable polymorphs, a one-dimensional and large-area analogy to crystallization of polymorphs in nanoporous matrices. We demonstrate that metastable polymorphism can be tuned with unprecedented control and produced over large areas by either varying physical confinement conditions or by tuning energetic conditions during crystallization through use of solvent molecules of various sizes. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

  20. Discovery and introduction of a (3,18)-connected net as an ideal blueprint for the design of metal-organic frameworks

    KAUST Repository

    Guillerm, Vincent

    2014-06-29

    Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a promising class of porous materials because it is possible to mutually control their porous structure, composition and functionality. However, it is still a challenge to predict the network topology of such framework materials prior to their synthesis. Here we use a new rare earth (RE) nonanuclear carboxylate-based cluster as an 18-connected molecular building block to form a gea-MOF (gea-MOF-1) based on a (3,18)-connected net. We then utilized this gea net as a blueprint to design and assemble another MOF (gea-MOF-2). In gea-MOF-2, the 18-connected RE clusters are replaced by metal-organic polyhedra, peripherally functionalized so as to have the same connectivity as the RE clusters. These metal-organic polyhedra act as supermolecular building blocks when they form gea-MOF-2. The discovery of a (3,18)-connected MOF followed by deliberate transposition of its topology to a predesigned second MOF with a different chemical system validates the prospective rational design of MOFs. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  1. Teaching spirituality to student midwives: a creative approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Mary; Hall, Jenny

    2007-11-01

    The nature of midwifery both as an art and a science requires methods of teaching students that will enhance this understanding. A philosophy of holistic care of women should underpin education of student midwives and these concepts should be put across to the students in meaningful ways. In the formal midwifery curriculum this has been a neglected aspect (Hall, 2001) [Hall, J., 2001. Midwifery Mind and spirit: emerging issues of care. Books for Midwives, Oxford]. We have developed a teaching session on 'Spirituality and the meaning of birth'. A creative approach, using mediums of video, music, aroma and storytelling, combined with an opportunity for the students to express their selves through art have been utilised (Cameron, 1993) [Cameron, J., 1993. The Artists Way--A course in discovering and recovering your creative self. Pan Macmillan, London]. Although creative approaches in teaching arts based disciplines is well established, these approaches have not been evaluated for their effectiveness within midwifery education. We conducted a study which aimed to develop an understanding of student's views on the meaning of birth by examining creative work produced by the student midwives. This aspect is reported elsewhere. Further exploration through open-ended questionnaires was made of the effectiveness and value of the activity as a teaching method. This paper will describe the innovative teaching methods used. In addition student's views of birth established through their art and their views of the teaching session elicited through our research will be explored.

  2. A genomic history of Aboriginal Australia

    KAUST Repository

    Malaspinas, Anna-Sapfo

    2016-09-20

    The population history of Aboriginal Australians remains largely uncharacterized. Here we generate high-coverage genomes for 83 Aboriginal Australians (speakers of Pama-Nyungan languages) and 25 Papuans from the New Guinea Highlands. We find that Papuan and Aboriginal Australian ancestors diversified 25-40 thousand years ago (kya), suggesting pre-Holocene population structure in the ancient continent of Sahul (Australia, New Guinea and Tasmania). However, all of the studied Aboriginal Australians descend from a single founding population that differentiated ∼10-32 kya. We infer a population expansion in northeast Australia during the Holocene epoch (past 10,000 years) associated with limited gene flow from this region to the rest of Australia, consistent with the spread of the Pama-Nyungan languages. We estimate that Aboriginal Australians and Papuans diverged from Eurasians 51-72 kya, following a single out-of-Africa dispersal, and subsequently admixed with archaic populations. Finally, we report evidence of selection in Aboriginal Australians potentially associated with living in the desert. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature. All rights reserved

  3. Genomic analyses inform on migration events during the peopling of Eurasia

    KAUST Repository

    Pagani, Luca

    2016-09-20

    High-Coverage whole-genome sequence studies have so far focused on a limited number of geographically restricted populations, or been targeted at specific diseases, such as cancer. Nevertheless, the availability of high-resolution genomic data has led to the development of new methodologies for inferring population history and refuelled the debate on the mutation rate in humans. Here we present the Estonian Biocentre Human Genome Diversity Panel (EGDP), a dataset of 483 high-coverage human genomes from 148 populations worldwide, including 379 new genomes from 125 populations, which we group into diversity and selection sets. We analyse this dataset to refine estimates of continent-wide patterns of heterozygosity, long-and short-distance gene flow, archaic admixture, and changes in effective population size through time as well as for signals of positive or balancing selection. We find a genetic signature in present-day Papuans that suggests that at least 2% of their genome originates from an early and largely extinct expansion of anatomically modern humans (AMHs) out of Africa. Together with evidence from the western Asian fossil record, and admixture between AMHs and Neanderthals predating the main Eurasian expansion, our results contribute to the mounting evidence for the presence of AMHs out of Africa earlier than 75,000 years ago. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature.

  4. Photocurrent mapping of near-field optical antenna resonances

    KAUST Repository

    Barnard, Edward S.

    2011-08-21

    An increasing number of photonics applications make use of nanoscale optical antennas that exhibit a strong, resonant interaction with photons of a specific frequency. The resonant properties of such antennas are conventionally characterized by far-field light-scattering techniques. However, many applications require quantitative knowledge of the near-field behaviour, and existing local field measurement techniques provide only relative, rather than absolute, data. Here, we demonstrate a photodetector platform that uses a silicon-on-insulator substrate to spectrally and spatially map the absolute values of enhanced fields near any type of optical antenna by transducing local electric fields into photocurrent. We are able to quantify the resonant optical and materials properties of nanoscale (∼50nm) and wavelength-scale (∼1μm) metallic antennas as well as high-refractive-index semiconductor antennas. The data agree well with light-scattering measurements, full-field simulations and intuitive resonator models. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  5. Engineering colloidal quantum dot solids within and beyond the mobility-invariant regime

    KAUST Repository

    Zhitomirsky, David

    2014-05-06

    © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. Colloidal quantum dots are attractive materials for efficient, low-cost and facile implementation of solution-processed optoelectronic devices. Despite impressive mobilities (1-30 cm2V-1 s-1) reported for new classes of quantum dot solids, it is-surprisingly-the much lower-mobility (10-3-10-2 cm2V-1 s-1) solids that have produced the best photovoltaic performance. Here we show that it is not mobility, but instead the average spacing among recombination centres that governs the diffusion length of charges in today\\'s quantum dot solids. In this regime, colloidal quantum dot films do not benefit from further improvements in charge carrier mobility. We develop a device model that accurately predicts the thickness dependence and diffusion length dependence of devices. Direct diffusion length measurements suggest the solid-state ligand exchange procedure as a potential origin of the detrimental recombination centres. We then present a novel avenue for in-solution passivation with tightly bound chlorothiols that retain passivation from solution to film, achieving an 8.5% power conversion efficiency.

  6. Ultra-low carrier concentration and surface-dominant transport in antimony-doped Bi2Se3 topological insulator nanoribbons

    KAUST Repository

    Hong, Seung Sae

    2012-03-27

    A topological insulator is the state of quantum matter possessing gapless spin-locking surface states across the bulk band gap, which has created new opportunities from novel electronics to energy conversion. However, the large concentration of bulk residual carriers has been a major challenge for revealing the property of the topological surface state by electron transport measurements. Here we report the surface-state-dominant transport in antimony-doped, zinc oxide-encapsulated Bi2Se3 nanoribbons with suppressed bulk electron concentration. In the nanoribbon with sub-10-nm thickness protected by a zinc oxide layer, we position the Fermi levels of the top and bottom surfaces near the Dirac point by electrostatic gating, achieving extremely low two-dimensional carrier concentration of 2×10 11cm-2. The zinc oxide-capped, antimony-doped Bi 2Se3 nanostructures provide an attractive materials platform to study fundamental physics in topological insulators, as well as future applications. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  7. Selective contacts drive charge extraction in quantum dot solids via asymmetry in carrier transfer kinetics

    KAUST Repository

    Mora-Sero, Ivan

    2013-08-12

    Colloidal quantum dot solar cells achieve spectrally selective optical absorption in a thin layer of solution-processed, size-effect tuned, nanoparticles. The best devices built to date have relied heavily on drift-based transport due to the action of an electric field in a depletion region that extends throughout the thickness of the quantum dot layer. Here we study for the first time the behaviour of the best-performing class of colloidal quantum dot films in the absence of an electric field, by screening using an electrolyte. We find that the action of selective contacts on photovoltage sign and amplitude can be retained, implying that the contacts operate by kinetic preferences of charge transfer for either electrons or holes. We develop a theoretical model to explain these experimental findings. The work is the first to present a switch in the photovoltage in colloidal quantum dot solar cells by purposefully formed selective contacts, opening the way to new strategies in the engineering of colloidal quantum dot solar cells. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  8. The public health impacts of a fat tax.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tiffin, R; Arnoult, M

    2011-04-01

    Previous studies have analysed impacts on average intakes. Agueably however intakes that are of real concern are those which are some distance away from the recommendations. Fiscal measures might have a limited impact on such diets, and as a result, on health. We measure the impact of a fiscal intervention on the the risks of diet-related disease, accounting for the full range of diets. Demand equations are estimated with data collected from 6760 households in the UK Expenditure and Food Survey. The model is used to simulate the impacts of a policy, in which a tax based on saturated fat content is combined with subsidy on fruit and vegetables. Changes in consumption are used to compute the effects on the risks of a range of diet-related disease using measures of relative risk. In contrast with other studies, we simulate the impacts of the fiscal regime at the level of the individual households in the sample. The subsidy brings mean levels of fruit and vegetable consumption in line with dietary recommendations, but the tax is insufficient to achieve this goal for fat intakes. Once the changes in diet are converted into changes in the risks of disease, the impacts of the policy are negligible. A substantial part of the population continues to consume an unhealthy diet. Fiscally based interventions should be considered amongst a suite of policy interventions, which also include policies aimed at improving the poorest of diets. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved

  9. Self-limited plasmonic welding of silver nanowire junctions

    KAUST Repository

    Garnett, Erik C.

    2012-02-05

    Nanoscience provides many strategies to construct high-performance materials and devices, including solar cells, thermoelectrics, sensors, transistors, and transparent electrodes. Bottom-up fabrication facilitates large-scale chemical synthesis without the need for patterning and etching processes that waste material and create surface defects. However, assembly and contacting procedures still require further development. Here, we demonstrate a light-induced plasmonic nanowelding technique to assemble metallic nanowires into large interconnected networks. The small gaps that form naturally at nanowire junctions enable effective light concentration and heating at the point where the wires need to be joined together. The extreme sensitivity of the heating efficiency on the junction geometry causes the welding process to self-limit when a physical connection between the wires is made. The localized nature of the heating prevents damage to low-thermal-budget substrates such as plastics and polymer solar cells. This work opens new avenues to control light, heat and mass transport at the nanoscale. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  10. The United Nations and Global Public Goods: Historical Contributions and Future Challenges.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruce Jenks

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanThis chapter explores the thesis that the United Nations’ (UN most important contribution to the production of global public goods has been its role in creating the space and capacity to generate shared values. Starting with the UN Charter itself, the chapter traces the evolution of this contribution through different historical phases. It analyses the impact of globalisation on the role of the UN; in particular it identifies the quality of porousness as a product of globalisation which is critical to understanding the current challenges faced by the UN as well as central to the global public goods agenda. Through this lens the author briefly reviews the evolution of the UN’s role in the fields of peace and security, human rights and development cooperation. He concludes by identifying eight levers for change that will determine the UN’s ability to contribute significantly to the global public goods: the generation of norms and shared values, the quality of leadership, improved governance, innovative financing, institutional realignment, the further consolidation of legal instruments, focus, and the power of networks.

  11. Tandem colloidal quantum dot solar cells employing a graded recombination layer

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Xihua

    2011-06-26

    Tuning of the electronic bandgap in colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) by changing their size enables the spectral response of CQD-based photodetectors and photovoltaic devices to be tailored. Multi-junction solar cells made from a combination of CQDs of differing sizes and thus bandgaps are a promising means by which to increase the energy harvested from the Sun\\'s broad spectrum. Here, we report the first CQD tandem solar cells using the size-effect tuning of a single CQD material, PbS. We use a graded recombination layer to provide a progression of work functions from the hole-accepting electrode in the bottom cell to the electron-accepting electrode in the top cell, allowing matched electron and hole currents to meet and recombine. Our tandem solar cell has an open-circuit voltage of 1.06Â V, equal to the sum of the two constituent single-junction devices, and a solar power conversion efficiency of up to 4.2%. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  12. Can comprehensive specialised end-of-life care be provided at home? Lessons from a study of an innovative consultant-led community service in the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noble, B; King, N; Woolmore, A; Hughes, P; Winslow, M; Melvin, J; Brooks, J; Bravington, A; Ingleton, C; Bath, P A

    2015-03-01

    The Midhurst Macmillan Specialist Palliative Care Service (MMSPCS) is a UK, medical consultant-led, multidisciplinary team aiming to provide round-the-clock advice and care, including specialist interventions, in the home, community hospitals and care homes. Of 389 referrals in 2010/11, about 85% were for cancer, from a population of about 155 000. Using a mixed method approach, the evaluation comprised: a retrospective analysis of secondary-care use in the last year of life; financial evaluation of the MMSPCS using an Activity Based Costing approach; qualitative interviews with patients, carers, health and social care staff and MMSPCS staff and volunteers; a postal survey of General Practices; and a postal survey of bereaved caregivers using the MMSPCS. The mean cost is about 3000 GBP (3461 EUR) per patient with mean cost of interventions for cancer patients in the last year of life 1900 GBP (2192 EUR). Post-referral, overall costs to the system are similar for MMSPCS and hospice-led models; however, earlier referral avoided around 20% of total costs in the last year of life. Patients and carers reported positive experiences of support, linked to the flexible way the service worked. Seventy-one per cent of patients died at home. This model may have application elsewhere. © 2014 The Authors. European Journal of Cancer Care published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. Surface-temperature trends and variability in the low-latitude North Atlantic since 1552

    KAUST Repository

    Saenger, Casey

    2009-06-21

    Sea surface temperature variability in the North Atlantic Ocean recorded since about 1850 has been ascribed to a natural multidecadal oscillation superimposed on a background warming trend1-6. It has been suggested that the multidecadal variability may be a persistent feature6-8, raising the possibility that the associated climate impacts may be predictable7,8. owever, our understanding of the multidecadal ocean variability before the instrumental record is based on interpretations of high-latitude terrestrial proxy records. Here we present an absolutely dated and annually resolved record of sea surface temperature from the Bahamas, based on a 440-year time series of coral growth rates. The reconstruction indicates that temperatures were as warm as today from about 1552 to 1570, then cooled by about 1° C from 1650 to 1730 before warming until the present. Our estimates of background variability suggest that much of the warming since 1900 was driven by anthropogenic forcing. Interdecadal variability with a period of 15-25 years is superimposed on most of the record, but multidecadal variability becomes significant only after 1730. We conclude that the multidecadal variability in sea surface temperatures in the low-latitude western Atlantic Ocean may not be persistent, potentially making accurate decadal climate forecasts more difficult to achieve. © 2009 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  14. Spin injection and detection in lanthanum- and niobium-doped SrTiO3 using the Hanle technique

    KAUST Repository

    Han, Wei

    2013-07-08

    There has been much interest in the injection and detection of spin-polarized carriers in semiconductors for the purposes of developing novel spintronic devices. Here we report the electrical injection and detection of spin-polarized carriers into Nb-doped strontium titanate single crystals and La-doped strontium titanate epitaxial thin films using MgO tunnel barriers and the three-terminal Hanle technique. Spin lifetimes of up to ∼100 ps are measured at room temperature and vary little as the temperature is decreased to low temperatures. However, the mobility of the strontium titanate has a strong temperature dependence. This behaviour and the carrier doping dependence of the spin lifetime suggest that the spin lifetime is limited by spin-dependent scattering at the MgO/strontium titanate interfaces, perhaps related to the formation of doping induced Ti 3+. Our results reveal a severe limitation of the three-terminal Hanle technique for measuring spin lifetimes within the interior of the subject material. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  15. China’s Foreign Aid and Its Role in the International Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meibo Huang

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanThough China has long been an aid provider, the recent and remarkable surge in China’s foreign aid has important implications for the global aid architecture. It relies on aid principles that diverge in many ways from those of traditional Development Assistance Committee (DAC donor countries, particularly in relation to non-interference, mutual benefit and non-conditionality. China’s foreign aid also relies on a mixing of economic cooperation, trade and investment deals. While several Western scholars have examined the Chinese development cooperation system, few voices from China have been heard in European and North American journals and media. This chapter aims to offer a Chinese perspective on the evolution of China’s foreign aid. It focuses on the aid principles that have thus far informed Chinese development assistance, highlighting the successful outcomes achieved so far in Africa and South-East Asia. The chapter also addresses the main shortcomings of the Chinese approach, by recommending the improvement of institutional transparency, and strengthening of dialogue with DAC donors, all with a view towards learning from past experiences and exchanging best practices.

  16. Colloidal-quantum-dot photovoltaics using atomic-ligand passivation

    KAUST Repository

    Tang, Jiang

    2011-09-18

    Colloidal-quantum-dot (CQD) optoelectronics offer a compelling combination of solution processing and spectral tunability through quantum size effects. So far, CQD solar cells have relied on the use of organic ligands to passivate the surface of the semiconductor nanoparticles. Although inorganic metal chalcogenide ligands have led to record electronic transport parameters in CQD films, no photovoltaic device has been reported based on such compounds. Here we establish an atomic ligand strategy that makes use of monovalent halide anions to enhance electronic transport and successfully passivate surface defects in PbS CQD films. Both time-resolved infrared spectroscopy and transient device characterization indicate that the scheme leads to a shallower trap state distribution than the best organic ligands. Solar cells fabricated following this strategy show up to 6% solar AM1.5G power-conversion efficiency. The CQD films are deposited at room temperature and under ambient atmosphere, rendering the process amenable to low-cost, roll-by-roll fabrication. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  17. Challenges in the Energy Sector in Eastern Europe and Central Asia: An Evaluation of 18 Years of Swiss Economic Cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Bonvin

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanSwitzerland’s State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO has been working in the energy sectors of Eastern Europe and Central Asia since 1992, financing 41 projects to the value of CHF 316 million. In 2009 an independent evaluation was commissioned to assess the effects of these projects in the region and to draw lessons for future project funding. The evaluation found the projects to be highly satisfactory in terms of relevance, satisfactory in terms of effectiveness and sustainability, and — because of external factors relating to governance, transparency and political stability in a country — generally unsatisfactory in terms of efficiency.Lessons drawn from the successful projects will be used to further improve them in the future. With limited financial resources governments are attempting to find a balance between energy security and environmental sustainability. SECO will support this mission by helping to reduce inefficient consumption, to increase the share of renewable energy, to strengthen the sustainability of utility companies and to develop effective energy policies.

  18. Foucault on methadone: beyond biopower.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keane, Helen

    2009-09-01

    This essay reviews four texts which critically analyse methadone maintenance therapy using Foucault as a key theoretical framework: [Friedman, J., & Alicea, M. (2001). Surviving heroin: Interviews with women in methadone clinics. Florida: University Press of Florida], [Bourgois, P. (2000). Disciplining addictions: The bio-politics of methadone and heroin in the United States. Culture Medicine and Psychiatry, 24, 165-195], [Bull, M. (2008). Governing the heroin trade: From treaties to treatment. Ashgate: Aldershot], and [Fraser, S., & valentine, k. (2008). Substance & substitution: Methadone subjects in liberal societies. New York: Palgrave Macmillan]. Taken together these works demonstrate one trajectory in the development of critical drug studies over the past decade. While all four view MMT as a regulatory technology which aims to create productive and obedient subjects, their understandings of the power relations of the clinic are quite distinct. The first two texts emphasise the social control of drug users, the third, issues of governmentality and liberal political practice, while the fourth engages with ontological questions about substances themselves. Thus while Foucauldian analysis has become familiar in social studies of drugs and alcohol, new uses for its conceptual tools continue to emerge.

  19. Complex rupture during the 12 January 2010 Haiti earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, G.P.; Briggs, R.W.; Sladen, A.; Fielding, E.J.; Prentice, C.; Hudnut, K.; Mann, P.; Taylor, F.W.; Crone, A.J.; Gold, R.; Ito, T.; Simons, M.

    2010-01-01

    Initially, the devastating Mw 7.0, 12 January 2010 Haiti earthquake seemed to involve straightforward accommodation of oblique relative motion between the Caribbean and North American plates along the Enriquillog-Plantain Garden fault zone. Here, we combine seismological observations, geologic field data and space geodetic measurements to show that, instead, the rupture process may have involved slip on multiple faults. Primary surface deformation was driven by rupture on blind thrust faults with only minor, deep, lateral slip along or near the main Enriquillog-Plantain Garden fault zone; thus the event only partially relieved centuries of accumulated left-lateral strain on a small part of the plate-boundary system. Together with the predominance of shallow off-fault thrusting, the lack of surface deformation implies that remaining shallow shear strain will be released in future surface-rupturing earthquakes on the Enriquillog-Plantain Garden fault zone, as occurred in inferred Holocene and probable historic events. We suggest that the geological signature of this earthquakeg-broad warping and coastal deformation rather than surface rupture along the main fault zoneg-will not be easily recognized by standard palaeoseismic studies. We conclude that similarly complex earthquakes in tectonic environments that accommodate both translation and convergenceg-such as the San Andreas fault through the Transverse Ranges of Californiag-may be missing from the prehistoric earthquake record. ?? 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  20. Localized damage caused by topographic amplification during the 2010 M7.0 Haiti earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hough, S.E.; Altidor, J.R.; Anglade, D.; Given, D.; Janvier, M.G.; Maharrey, J.Z.; Meremonte, M.; Mildor, B.S.-L.; Prepetit, C.; Yong, A.

    2010-01-01

    Local geological conditions, including both near-surface sedimentary layers and topographic features, are known to significantly influence ground motions caused by earthquakes. Microzonation maps use local geological conditions to characterize seismic hazard, but commonly incorporate the effect of only sedimentary layers. Microzonation does not take into account local topography, because significant topographic amplification is assumed to be rare. Here we show that, although the extent of structural damage in the 2010 Haiti earthquake was primarily due to poor construction, topographic amplification contributed significantly to damage in the district of Petionville, south of central Port-au-Prince. A large number of substantial, relatively well-built structures situated along a foothill ridge in this district sustained serious damage or collapse. Using recordings of aftershocks, we calculate the ground motion response at two seismic stations along the topographic ridge and at two stations in the adjacent valley. Ground motions on the ridge are amplified relative to both sites in the valley and a hard-rock reference site, and thus cannot be explained by sediment-induced amplification. Instead, the amplitude and predominant frequencies of ground motion indicate the amplification of seismic waves by a narrow, steep ridge. We suggest that microzonation maps can potentially be significantly improved by incorporation of topographic effects. ?? 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  1. Current-induced transition from particle-by-particle to concurrent intercalation in phase-separating battery electrodes

    KAUST Repository

    Li, Yiyang

    2014-09-14

    ©2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved. Many battery electrodes contain ensembles of nanoparticles that phase-separate on (de)intercalation. In such electrodes, the fraction of actively intercalating particles directly impacts cycle life: a vanishing population concentrates the current in a small number of particles, leading to current hotspots. Reports of the active particle population in the phase-separating electrode lithium iron phosphate (LiFePO 4; LFP) vary widely, ranging from near 0% (particle-by-particle) to 100% (concurrent intercalation). Using synchrotron-based X-ray microscopy, we probed the individual state-of-charge for over 3,000 LFP particles. We observed that the active population depends strongly on the cycling current, exhibiting particle-by-particle-like behaviour at low rates and increasingly concurrent behaviour at high rates, consistent with our phase-field porous electrode simulations. Contrary to intuition, the current density, or current per active internal surface area, is nearly invariant with the global electrode cycling rate. Rather, the electrode accommodates higher current by increasing the active particle population. This behaviour results from thermodynamic transformation barriers in LFP, and such a phenomenon probably extends to other phase-separating battery materials. We propose that modifying the transformation barrier and exchange current density can increase the active population and thus the current homogeneity. This could introduce new paradigms to enhance the cycle life of phase-separating battery electrodes.

  2. Broad accommodation of rift-related extension recorded by dyke intrusion in Saudi Arabia

    KAUST Repository

    Pallister, John S.

    2010-09-26

    The extensive harrat lava province of Arabia formed during the past 30 million years in response to Red Sea rifting and mantle upwelling. The area was regarded as seismically quiet, but between April and June 2009 a swarm of more than 30,000 earthquakes struck one of the lava fields in the province, Harrat Lunayyir, northwest Saudi Arabia. Concerned that larger damaging earthquakes might occur, the Saudi Arabian government evacuated 40,000 people from the region. Here we use geologic, geodetic and seismic data to show that the earthquake swarm resulted from magmatic dyke intrusion. We document a surface fault rupture that is 8 km long with 91 cm of offset. Surface deformation is best modelled by the shallow intrusion of a north-west trending dyke that is about 10 km long. Seismic waves generated during the earthquakes exhibit overlapping very low- and high-frequency components. We interpret the low frequencies to represent intrusion of magma and the high frequencies to represent fracturing of the crystalline basement rocks. Rather than extension being accommodated entirely by the central Red Sea rift axis, we suggest that the broad deformation observed in Harrat Lunayyir indicates that rift margins can remain as active sites of extension throughout rifting. Our analyses allowed us to forecast the likelihood of a future eruption or large earthquake in the region and informed the decisions made by the Saudi Arabian government to return the evacuees. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  3. Positive feedback and momentum growth during debris-flow entrainment of wet bed sediment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iverson, R.M.; Reid, M.E.; Logan, M.; LaHusen, R.G.; Godt, J.W.; Griswold, J.P.

    2011-01-01

    Debris flows typically occur when intense rainfall or snowmelt triggers landslides or extensive erosion on steep, debris-mantled slopes. The flows can then grow dramatically in size and speed as they entrain material from their beds and banks, but the mechanism of this growth is unclear. Indeed, momentum conservation implies that entrainment of static material should retard the motion of the flows if friction remains unchanged. Here we use data from large-scale experiments to assess the entrainment of bed material by debris flows. We find that entrainment is accompanied by increased flow momentum and speed only if large positive pore pressures develop in wet bed sediments as the sediments are overridden by debris flows. The increased pore pressure facilitates progressive scour of the bed, reduces basal friction and instigates positive feedback that causes flow speed, mass and momentum to increase. If dryer bed sediment is entrained, however, the feedback becomes negative and flow momentum declines. We infer that analogous feedbacks could operate in other types of gravity-driven mass flow that interact with erodible beds. ?? 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  4. Biodegradation of oil refinery wastes under OPA and CERCLA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gamblin, W.W.; Banipal, B.S.; Myers, J.M. [Ecology and Environment, Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)] [and others

    1995-12-31

    Land treatment of oil refinery wastes has been used as a disposal method for decades. More recently, numerous laboratory studies have been performed attempting to quantify degradation rates of more toxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon compounds (PAHs). This paper discusses the results of the fullscale aerobic biodegradation operations using land treatment at the Macmillan Ring-Free Oil refining facility. The tiered feasibility approach of evaluating biodegradation as a treatment method to achieve site-specific cleanup criteria, including pilot biodegradation operations, is discussed in an earlier paper. Analytical results of biodegradation indicate that degradation rates observed in the laboratory can be met and exceeded under field conditions and that site-specific cleanup criteria can be attained within a proposed project time. Also prevented are degradation rates and half-lives for PAHs for which cleanup criteria have been established. PAH degradation rates and half-life values are determined and compared with the laboratory degradation rates and half-life values which used similar oil refinery wastes by other in investigators (API 1987).

  5. Radically enhanced molecular recognition

    KAUST Repository

    Trabolsi, Ali

    2009-12-17

    The tendency for viologen radical cations to dimerize has been harnessed to establish a recognition motif based on their ability to form extremely strong inclusion complexes with cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) in its diradical dicationic redox state. This previously unreported complex involving three bipyridinium cation radicals increases the versatility of host-guest chemistry, extending its practice beyond the traditional reliance on neutral and charged guests and hosts. In particular, transporting the concept of radical dimerization into the field of mechanically interlocked molecules introduces a higher level of control within molecular switches and machines. Herein, we report that bistable and tristable [2]rotaxanes can be switched by altering electrochemical potentials. In a tristable [2]rotaxane composed of a cyclobis(paraquat-p-phenylene) ring and a dumbbell with tetrathiafulvalene, dioxynaphthalene and bipyridinium recognition sites, the position of the ring can be switched. On oxidation, it moves from the tetrathiafulvalene to the dioxynaphthalene, and on reduction, to the bipyridinium radical cation, provided the ring is also reduced simultaneously to the diradical dication. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  6. Tres revistas colombianas de fin de siglo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Gutiérrez Girardot

    1991-05-01

    Full Text Available A comienzos del siglo XX -asegura, J. E. Fagg en su Latin America: a general history, MacMillan, 1963, pág. 828- a Colombia le era extraño todavía el nuevo mundo de la maquinaria y de la cultura de clase media. Solamente su intelligentsia y los exportadores de café tenían contacto con el mundo exterior". Aunque remota, dice Fagg de Bogotá, tenía una vibrante vida intelectual y mostraba familiaridad con la cultura europea. Cita, como testimonio inevitable, a José Asunción Silva. Menos que familiaridad con la cultura europea, la vida intelectual de la remota metrópoli trataba de adquirirla. Y no podía ser de otra manera. Aunque la europeización y sus consecuencias, esto es, el cambio de estilos de vida, la irrupción casi imperceptible y lenta de la racionalidad, una tímida modernización de la educación y el reconocimiento casi clandestino del valor de las ciencias naturales, pudieron haber sido incitación y presupuesto de esa familiaridad, lo cierto es que se carecía del aparato necesario: bibliotecas al día, hábitos de lectura, revistas profesionales y concepción de la universidad como fomento del avance y progreso de las ciencias.

  7. Medieval forewarning of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami in Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jankaew, K.; Atwater, B.F.; Sawai, Y.; Choowong, M.; Charoentitirat, T.; Martin, M.E.; Prendergast, A.

    2008-01-01

    Recent centuries provide no precedent for the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, either on the coasts it devastated or within its source area. The tsunami claimed nearly all of its victims on shores that had gone 200 years or more without a tsunami disaster. The associated earthquake of magnitude 9.2 defied a Sumatra-Andaman catalogue that contains no nineteenth-century or twentieth-century earthquake larger than magnitude 7.9 (ref. 2). The tsunami and the earthquake together resulted from a fault rupture 1,500 km long that expended centuries' worth of plate convergence. Here, using sedimentary evidence for tsunamis, we identify probable precedents for the 2004 tsunami at a grassy beach-ridge plain 125 km north of Phuket. The 2004 tsunami, running 2 km across this plain, coated the ridges and intervening swales with a sheet of sand commonly 5-20 cm thick. The peaty soils of two marshy swales preserve the remains of several earlier sand sheets less than 2,800 years old. If responsible for the youngest of these pre-2004 sand sheets, the most recent full-size predecessor to the 2004 tsunami occurred about 550-700 years ago. ??2008 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  8. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Clapham

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This publication includes reviews of the following books:The Horn of Africa by Kidane Mengisteab. Cambridge: Polity, 2014. £15.99 (pbk.. Pp. 240+index. ISBN: 9780745651217. Review by Christopher Clapham. Ethiopia: the last two frontiers by John Markakis. Woodbridge: James Currey, 2011. Pp. 399. $34.95 (pbk.. ISBN: 9781847010742. Review by Christopher Clapham.Regime change and succession politics in Africa: five decades of misrule, edited by Maurice Nyamanga Amutabi and Shadrack Wanjala Nasong’o. New York and London: Routledge, 2013. Pp. 237+bibliography+index, £80.00 (hbk. ISBN13: 9780415534086. Review by Tim Kelsall.China’s resource diplomacy in Africa: powering development? by Marcus Power, Giles Mohan and May-Tan Mullins. New York and Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan, 2012. Pp. 329 + xix, £63 (hbk.. ISBN: 9780230229129. Review by Pádraig Carmody.Dealing with government in South Sudan: histories of chiefship, community and state by Cherry Leonardi. Suffolk: James Currey (Eastern African Series, 2013. Pp. 224 + notes + bibliography + index. £45.00 (hbk. ISBN: 9781847010674. Review by Jonathan Fisher. 

  9. An RNA polymerase II-and AGO4-associated protein acts in RNA-directed DNA methylation

    KAUST Repository

    Gao, Zhihuan

    2010-04-21

    DNA methylation is an important epigenetic mark in many eukaryotes. In plants, 24-nucleotide small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) bound to the effector protein, Argonaute 4 (AGO4), can direct de novo DNA methylation by the methyltransferase DRM2 (refs 2, 4-6). Here we report a new regulator of RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM) in Arabidopsis: RDM1. Loss-of-function mutations in the RDM1 gene impair the accumulation of 24-nucleotide siRNAs, reduce DNA methylation, and release transcriptional gene silencing at RdDM target loci. RDM1 encodes a small protein that seems to bind single-stranded methyl DNA, and associates and co-localizes with RNA polymerase II (Pol II, also known as NRPB), AGO4 and DRM2 in the nucleus. Our results indicate that RDM1 is a component of the RdDM effector complex and may have a role in linking siRNA production with pre-existing or de novo cytosine methylation. Our results also indicate that, although RDM1 and Pol V (also known as NRPE) may function together at some RdDM target sites in the peri-nucleolar siRNA processing centre, Pol II rather than Pol V is associated with the RdDM effector complex at target sites in the nucleoplasm. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  10. Extreme diving behaviour in devil rays links surface waters and the deep ocean

    KAUST Repository

    Thorrold, Simon R.

    2014-07-01

    Ecological connections between surface waters and the deep ocean remain poorly studied despite the high biomass of fishes and squids residing at depths beyond the euphotic zone. These animals likely support pelagic food webs containing a suite of predators that include commercially important fishes and marine mammals. Here we deploy pop-up satellite archival transmitting tags on 15 Chilean devil rays (Mobula tarapacana) in the central North Atlantic Ocean, which provide movement patterns of individuals for up to 9 months. Devil rays were considered surface dwellers but our data reveal individuals descending at speeds up to 6.0 ms-1 to depths of almost 2,000 m and water temperatures <4 C. The shape of the dive profiles suggests that the rays are foraging at these depths in deep scattering layers. Our results provide evidence of an important link between predators in the surface ocean and forage species occupying pelagic habitats below the euphotic zone in ocean ecosystems. 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  11. 牧歌中的"鸿蒙初辟"之歌——维吉尔《牧歌》第六首31~40行的哲学意蕴分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗晓颖

    2010-01-01

    @@ 一 在维吉尔的十首牧歌中(本文采用的牧歌中译为作者自译,个别地方参考了杨宪益先生的译文[维吉尔,人民文学出版社1957年版];希腊原文,注释则分别参考了R.Coleman的笺注本[Vergil Eclogues,Cambridse,1977],J.Conington的笺注本[The Works of Vigil Vol.I:Eclogues and Georgics,London,1898]和T.E.Page notes的笺注本[P. Vergili Maronis Bucolica et Georgica,Macmillan,1898];英译参考了Guy Lee的译本[Virgil:The Ecolgues,The Latin Text with a Verse Translation and Brief Notes by Guy Lee,Oxford University Press,1988]),第六首或许不及第四首由于精湛的诗艺以及暗含的重大政治预言而更为引人注目,但其内容和形式上的丰富性以及反映出诗人内在的思想抱负,使之同样值得深究.

  12. Recent reversal in loss of global terrestrial biomass

    KAUST Repository

    Liu, Yi Y.

    2015-03-30

    Vegetation change plays a critical role in the Earth\\'s carbon (C) budget and its associated radiative forcing in response to anthropogenic and natural climate change. Existing global estimates of aboveground biomass carbon (ABC) based on field survey data provide brief snapshots that are mainly limited to forest ecosystems. Here we use an entirely new remote sensing approach to derive global ABC estimates for both forest and non-forest biomes during the past two decades from satellite passive microwave observations. We estimate a global average ABC of 362 PgC over the period 1998-2002, of which 65% is in forests and 17% in savannahs. Over the period 1993-2012, an estimated \\'0.07 PgC yr \\'1 ABC was lost globally, mostly resulting from the loss of tropical forests (\\'0.26 PgC yr \\'1) and net gains in mixed forests over boreal and temperate regions (+0.13 PgC yr \\'1) and tropical savannahs and shrublands (+0.05 PgC yr \\'1). Interannual ABC patterns are greatly influenced by the strong response of water-limited ecosystems to rainfall variability, particularly savannahs. From 2003 onwards, forest in Russia and China expanded and tropical deforestation declined. Increased ABC associated with wetter conditions in the savannahs of northern Australia and southern Africa reversed global ABC loss, leading to an overall gain, consistent with trends in the global carbon sink reported in recent studies. © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  13. Cobalt phosphate-modified barium-doped tantalum nitride nanorod photoanode with 1.5% solar energy conversion efficiency

    KAUST Repository

    Li, Yanbo

    2013-10-03

    Spurred by the decreased availability of fossil fuels and global warming, the idea of converting solar energy into clean fuels has been widely recognized. Hydrogen produced by photoelectrochemical water splitting using sunlight could provide a carbon dioxide lean fuel as an alternative to fossil fuels. A major challenge in photoelectrochemical water splitting is to develop an efficient photoanode that can stably oxidize water into oxygen. Here we report an efficient and stable photoanode that couples an active barium-doped tantalum nitride nanostructure with a stable cobalt phosphate co-catalyst. The effect of barium doping on the photoelectrochemical activity of the photoanode is investigated. The photoanode yields a maximum solar energy conversion efficiency of 1.5%, which is more than three times higher than that of state-of-the-art single-photon photoanodes. Further, stoichiometric oxygen and hydrogen are stably produced on the photoanode and the counter electrode with Faraday efficiency of almost unity for 100 min. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  14. A robust SNP barcode for typing Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex strains

    KAUST Repository

    Coll, Francesc

    2014-09-01

    Strain-specific genomic diversity in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTBC) is an important factor in pathogenesis that may affect virulence, transmissibility, host response and emergence of drug resistance. Several systems have been proposed to classify MTBC strains into distinct lineages and families. Here, we investigate single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as robust (stable) markers of genetic variation for phylogenetic analysis. We identify ∼92k SNP across a global collection of 1,601 genomes. The SNP-based phylogeny is consistent with the gold-standard regions of difference (RD) classification system. Of the ∼7k strain-specific SNPs identified, 62 markers are proposed to discriminate known circulating strains. This SNP-based barcode is the first to cover all main lineages, and classifies a greater number of sublineages than current alternatives. It may be used to classify clinical isolates to evaluate tools to control the disease, including therapeutics and vaccines whose effectiveness may vary by strain type. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

  15. Mesophase behaviour of polyhedral particles

    KAUST Repository

    Agarwal, Umang

    2011-02-13

    Translational and orientational excluded-volume fields encoded in particles with anisotropic shapes can lead to purely entropy-driven assembly of morphologies with specific order and symmetry. To elucidate this complex correlation, we carried out detailed Monte Carlo simulations of six convex space-filling polyhedrons, namely, truncated octahedrons, rhombic dodecahedrons, hexagonal prisms, cubes, gyrobifastigiums and triangular prisms. Simulations predict the formation of various new liquid-crystalline and plastic-crystalline phases at intermediate volume fractions. By correlating these findings with particle anisotropy and rotational symmetry, simple guidelines for predicting phase behaviour of polyhedral particles are proposed: high rotational symmetry is in general conducive to mesophase formation, with low anisotropy favouring plastic-solid behaviour and intermediate anisotropy (or high uniaxial anisotropy) favouring liquid-crystalline behaviour. It is also found that dynamical disorder is crucial in defining mesophase behaviour, and that the apparent kinetic barrier for the liquid-mesophase transition is much lower for liquid crystals (orientational order) than for plastic solids (translational order). © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  16. Tectonic evolution of the Salton Sea inferred from seismic reflection data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brothers, D.S.; Driscoll, N.W.; Kent, G.M.; Harding, A.J.; Babcock, J.M.; Baskin, R.L.

    2009-01-01

    Oblique extension across strike-slip faults causes subsidence and leads to the formation of pull-apart basins such as the Salton Sea in southern California. The formation of these basins has generally been studied using laboratory experiments or numerical models. Here we combine seismic reflection data and geological observations from the Salton Sea to understand the evolution of this nascent pull-apart basin. Our data reveal the presence of a northeast-trending hinge zone that separates the sea into northern and southern sub-basins. Differential subsidence (10 mm yr 1) in the southern sub-basin suggests the existence of northwest-dipping basin-bounding faults near the southern shoreline, which may control the spatial distribution of young volcanism. Rotated and truncated strata north of the hinge zone suggest that the onset of extension associated with this pull-apart basin began after 0.5 million years ago. We suggest that slip is partitioned spatially and temporally into vertical and horizontal domains in the Salton Sea. In contrast to previous models based on historical seismicity patterns, the rapid subsidence and fault architecture that we document in the southern part of the sea are consistent with experimental models for pull-apart basins. ?? 2009 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

  17. Iron solubility driven by speciation in dust sources to the ocean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroth, A.W.; Crusius, J.; Sholkovitz, E.R.; Bostick, B.C.

    2009-01-01

    Although abundant in the Earths crust, iron is present at trace concentrations in sea water and is a limiting nutrient for phytoplankton in approximately 40% of the ocean. Current literature suggests that aerosols are the primary external source of iron to offshore waters, yet controls on iron aerosol solubility remain unclear. Here we demonstrate that iron speciation (oxidation state and bonding environment) drives iron solubility in arid region soils, glacial weathering products (flour) and oil combustion products (oil fly ash). Iron speciation varies by aerosol source, with soils in arid regions dominated by ferric (oxy)hydroxides, glacial flour by primary and secondary ferrous silicates and oil fly ash by ferric sulphate salts. Variation in iron speciation produces systematic differences in iron solubility: less than 1% of the iron in arid soils was soluble, compared with 2-3% in glacial products and 77-81% in oil combustion products, which is directly linked to fractions of more soluble phases. We conclude that spatial and temporal variations in aerosol iron speciation, driven by the distribution of deserts, glaciers and fossil-fuel combustion, could have a pronounced effect on aerosol iron solubility and therefore on biological productivity and the carbon cycle in the ocean. ?? 2009 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

  18. Enhancing multiphoton upconversion through energy clustering at sublattice level

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Juan

    2013-11-24

    The applications of lanthanide-doped upconversionnanocrystals in biological imaging, photonics, photovoltaics and therapeutics have fuelled a growing demand for rational control over the emission profiles of the nanocrystals. A common strategy for tuning upconversion luminescence is to control the doping concentration of lanthanide ions. However, the phenomenon of concentration quenching of the excited state at high doping levels poses a significant constraint. Thus, the lanthanide ions have to be stringently kept at relatively low concentrations to minimize luminescence quenching. Here we describe a new class of upconversion nanocrystals adopting an orthorhombic crystallographic structure in which the lanthanide ions are distributed in arrays of tetrad clusters. Importantly, this unique arrangement enables the preservation of excitation energy within the sublattice domain and effectively minimizes the migration of excitation energy to defects, even in stoichiometric compounds with a high Yb 3+ content (calculated as 98 mol%). This allows us to generate an unusual four-photon-promoted violet upconversion emission from Er 3+ with an intensity that is more than eight times higher than previously reported. Our results highlight that the approach to enhancing upconversion through energy clustering at the sublattice level may provide new opportunities for light-triggered biological reactions and photodynamic therapy. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  19. A gate-latch-lock mechanism for hormone signalling by abscisic acid receptors

    KAUST Repository

    Melcher, Karsten

    2009-12-03

    Abscisic acid (ABA) is a ubiquitous hormone that regulates plant growth, development and responses to environmental stresses. Its action is mediated by the PYR/PYL/RCAR family of START proteins, but it remains unclear how these receptors bind ABA and, in turn, how hormone binding leads to inhibition of the downstream type 2C protein phosphatase (PP2C) effectors. Here we report crystal structures of apo and ABA-bound receptors as well as a ternary PYL2-ABA-PP2C complex. The apo receptors contain an open ligand-binding pocket flanked by a gate that closes in response to ABA by way of conformational changes in two highly conserved ?-loops that serve as a gate and latch. Moreover, ABA-induced closure of the gate creates a surface that enables the receptor to dock into and competitively inhibit the PP2C active site. A conserved tryptophan in the PP2C inserts directly between the gate and latch, which functions to further lock the receptor in a closed conformation. Together, our results identify a conserved gate-latch-lock mechanism underlying ABA signalling. © 2009 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  20. Ancestral polyploidy in seed plants and angiosperms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiao, Yuannian; Wickett, Norman J; Ayyampalayam, Saravanaraj; Chanderbali, André S; Landherr, Lena; Ralph, Paula E; Tomsho, Lynn P; Hu, Yi; Liang, Haiying; Soltis, Pamela S; Soltis, Douglas E; Clifton, Sandra W; Schlarbaum, Scott E; Schuster, Stephan C; Ma, Hong; Leebens-Mack, Jim; dePamphilis, Claude W

    2011-05-05

    Whole-genome duplication (WGD), or polyploidy, followed by gene loss and diploidization has long been recognized as an important evolutionary force in animals, fungi and other organisms, especially plants. The success of angiosperms has been attributed, in part, to innovations associated with gene or whole-genome duplications, but evidence for proposed ancient genome duplications pre-dating the divergence of monocots and eudicots remains equivocal in analyses of conserved gene order. Here we use comprehensive phylogenomic analyses of sequenced plant genomes and more than 12.6 million new expressed-sequence-tag sequences from phylogenetically pivotal lineages to elucidate two groups of ancient gene duplications-one in the common ancestor of extant seed plants and the other in the common ancestor of extant angiosperms. Gene duplication events were intensely concentrated around 319 and 192 million years ago, implicating two WGDs in ancestral lineages shortly before the diversification of extant seed plants and extant angiosperms, respectively. Significantly, these ancestral WGDs resulted in the diversification of regulatory genes important to seed and flower development, suggesting that they were involved in major innovations that ultimately contributed to the rise and eventual dominance of seed plants and angiosperms. ©2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved

  1. Advancing Sustainable Development in Global Trade and Multilateral Negotiations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christophe Bellmann

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanWorld exports and imports are quickly recovering after the 2008-09 sharp decline in merchandise trade, as illustrated by global trade performances in the first and second quarters of 2010. In spite of this impressive recovery, domestic concerns in OECD countries about employment, competitiveness and China’s exchange rate policy have created a difficult political environment for further liberalisation under the Doha Round. Interestingly, developing countries, which were reluctant to engage in a new round of trade negotiations back in 2001, are now in the vanguard of those that wish for a swift conclusion of the talks, even if consensus on the ambitious ‘development package’ envisaged in Doha remains elusive. At the same time trade has been the subject of unprecedented attention and scrutiny in the climate change talks. In a world where multilateral cooperation is in crisis there is a dire need for the international community to generate new types of arrangements and innovative responses to the imperatives of development and the global transition to a low-carbon economy.

  2. Energy Security and Sub-Saharan Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily Meierding

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanOver the last decade the topic of energy security has reappeared on global policy agendas. Most analyses of international energy geopolitics examine the interests and behaviour of powerful energy-importing countries like the US and China. This chapter begins by examining foreign powers’ expanded exploitation of oil and uranium resources in Sub-Saharan Africa. It goes on to examine how energy importers’ efforts to enhance their energy security through Africa are impacting energy security within Africa. It assesses Sub-Saharan states’ attempts to increase consumption of local oil and uranium reserves. Observing the constraints on these efforts, it then outlines some alternative strategies that have been employed to enhance African energy security. It concludes that, while local community-based development projects have improved the well-being of many households, they are not a sufficient guarantor of energy security. Inadequate petroleum access, in particular, remains a development challenge. Foreign powers’ efforts to increase their oil security are undermining the energy security of Sub-Saharan African citizens.

  3. Superficial simplicity of the 2010 El Mayorg-Cucapah earthquake of Baja California in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, S.; Fielding, E.; Leprince, S.; Sladen, A.; Avouac, J.-P.; Helmberger, D.; Hauksson, E.; Chu, R.; Simons, M.; Hudnut, K.; Herring, T.; Briggs, R.

    2011-01-01

    The geometry of faults is usually thought to be more complicated at the surface than at depth and to control the initiation, propagation and arrest of seismic ruptures1-6. The fault system that runs from southern California into Mexico is a simple strike-slip boundary: the west side of California and Mexico moves northwards with respect to the east. However, the Mw 7.2 2010 El Mayorg-Cucapah earthquake on this fault system produced a pattern of seismic waves that indicates a far more complex source than slip on a planar strike-slip fault. Here we use geodetic, remote-sensing and seismological data to reconstruct the fault geometry and history of slip during this earthquake. We find that the earthquake produced a straight 120-km-long fault trace that cut through the Cucapah mountain range and across the Colorado River delta. However, at depth, the fault is made up of two different segments connected by a small extensional fault. Both segments strike N130 ??E, but dip in opposite directions. The earthquake was initiated on the connecting extensional fault and 15s later ruptured the two main segments with dominantly strike-slip motion. We show that complexities in the fault geometry at depth explain well the complex pattern of radiated seismic waves. We conclude that the location and detailed characteristics of the earthquake could not have been anticipated on the basis of observations of surface geology alone. ?? 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  4. The small academic press in the land of giants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frances Pinter

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Mergers and acquisitions, for example the merger of Macmillan Science and Education with Springer Science+Business Media, might suggest that large is the future for academic publishing.  It might seem that giant players will dominate the future of scholarly publishing, but, at the same time, this year has seen the launch of UCL Press, the University’s in-house publishing arm. Goldsmiths, University of London, has also announced it is preparing to launch Goldsmiths Press, a new university press built on digital-first publishing, especially around unconventional projects traditionally excluded by publishers. Some of the more established university presses also seem to be increasing their scope. For example, Stanford University Press launched a new trade imprint and Manchester University Press has announced it has acquired forward titles from Bloomsbury Publishing.  'Insights 'asked two experts if there really is scope for the small academic press in the modern scholarly publishing environment. Frances Pinter has provided the perspective of the small university press. She is realistic about the challenges small academic publishers face, but concludes that there is space and opportunity for them to coexist with the giants. Michael Magoulias is equally realistic about the challenges of small, but sees the university press as a necessary, not to say, vital, alternative to commercial publishing.

  5. Copper hexacyanoferrate battery electrodes with long cycle life and high power

    KAUST Repository

    Wessells, Colin D.

    2011-11-22

    Short-term transients, including those related to wind and solar sources, present challenges to the electrical grid. Stationary energy storage systems that can operate for many cycles, at high power, with high round-trip energy efficiency, and at low cost are required. Existing energy storage technologies cannot satisfy these requirements. Here we show that crystalline nanoparticles of copper hexacyanoferrate, which has an ultra-low strain open framework structure, can be operated as a battery electrode in inexpensive aqueous electrolytes. After 40,000 deep discharge cycles at a 17g-C rate, 83% of the original capacity of copper hexacyanoferrate is retained. Even at a very high cycling rate of 83g-C, two thirds of its maximum discharge capacity is observed. At modest current densities, round-trip energy efficiencies of 99% can be achieved. The low-cost, scalable, room-temperature co-precipitation synthesis and excellent electrode performance of copper hexacyanoferrate make it attractive for large-scale energy storage systems. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  6. Simultaneous phase and size control of upconversion nanocrystals through lanthanide doping

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Feng

    2010-02-25

    Doping is a widely applied technological process in materials science that involves incorporating atoms or ions of appropriate elements into host lattices to yield hybrid materials with desirable properties and functions. For nanocrystalline materials, doping is of fundamental importance in stabilizing a specific crystallographic phase, modifying electronic properties, modulating magnetism as well as tuning emission properties. Here we describe a material system in which doping influences the growth process to give simultaneous control over the crystallographic phase, size and optical emission properties of the resulting nanocrystals. We show that NaYF 4 nanocrystals can be rationally tuned in size (down to ten nanometres), phase (cubic or hexagonal) and upconversion emission colour (green to blue) through use of trivalent lanthanide dopant ions introduced at precisely defined concentrations. We use first-principles calculations to confirm that the influence of lanthanide doping on crystal phase and size arises from a strong dependence on the size and dipole polarizability of the substitutional dopant ion. Our results suggest that the doping-induced structural and size transition, demonstrated here in NaYF 4 upconversion nanocrystals, could be extended to other lanthanide-doped nanocrystal systems for applications ranging from luminescent biological labels to volumetric three-dimensional displays. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  7. Soil clay content underlies prion infection odds

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, Walter W.; Walsh, D.P.; Farnsworth, Matthew L.; Winkelman, D.L.; Miller, M.W.

    2011-01-01

    Environmental factors-especially soil properties-have been suggested as potentially important in the transmission of infectious prion diseases. Because binding to montmorillonite (an aluminosilicate clay mineral) or clay-enriched soils had been shown to enhance experimental prion transmissibility, we hypothesized that prion transmission among mule deer might also be enhanced in ranges with relatively high soil clay content. In this study, we report apparent influences of soil clay content on the odds of prion infection in free-ranging deer. Analysis of data from prion-infected deer herds in northern Colorado, USA, revealed that a 1% increase in the clay-sized particle content in soils within the approximate home range of an individual deer increased its odds of infection by up to 8.9%. Our findings suggest that soil clay content and related environmental properties deserve greater attention in assessing risks of prion disease outbreaks and prospects for their control in both natural and production settings. ?? 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  8. Metamaterial mirrors in optoelectronic devices

    KAUST Repository

    Esfandyarpour, Majid

    2014-06-22

    The phase reversal that occurs when light is reflected from a metallic mirror produces a standing wave with reduced intensity near the reflective surface. This effect is highly undesirable in optoelectronic devices that use metal films as both electrical contacts and optical mirrors, because it dictates a minimum spacing between the metal and the underlying active semiconductor layers, therefore posing a fundamental limit to the overall thickness of the device. Here, we show that this challenge can be circumvented by using a metamaterial mirror whose reflection phase is tunable from that of a perfect electric mirror († = €) to that of a perfect magnetic mirror († = 0). This tunability in reflection phase can also be exploited to optimize the standing wave profile in planar devices to maximize light-matter interaction. Specifically, we show that light absorption and photocurrent generation in a sub-100 nm active semiconductor layer of a model solar cell can be enhanced by ∼20% over a broad spectral band. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

  9. Ambipolar field effect in the ternary topological insulator (BixSb1–x)2Te3 by composition tuning

    KAUST Repository

    Kong, Desheng

    2011-10-02

    Topological insulators exhibit a bulk energy gap and spin-polarized surface states that lead to unique electronic properties 1-9, with potential applications in spintronics and quantum information processing. However, transport measurements have typically been dominated by residual bulk charge carriers originating from crystal defects or environmental doping 10-12, and these mask the contribution of surface carriers to charge transport in these materials. Controlling bulk carriers in current topological insulator materials, such as the binary sesquichalcogenides Bi 2Te 3, Sb 2Te 3 and Bi 2Se 3, has been explored extensively by means of material doping 8,9,11 and electrical gating 13-16, but limited progress has been made to achieve nanostructures with low bulk conductivity for electronic device applications. Here we demonstrate that the ternary sesquichalcogenide (Bi xSb 1-x) 2Te 3 is a tunable topological insulator system. By tuning the ratio of bismuth to antimony, we are able to reduce the bulk carrier density by over two orders of magnitude, while maintaining the topological insulator properties. As a result, we observe a clear ambipolar gating effect in (Bi xSb 1-x) 2Te 3 nanoplate field-effect transistor devices, similar to that observed in graphene field-effect transistor devices 17. The manipulation of carrier type and density in topological insulator nanostructures demonstrated here paves the way for the implementation of topological insulators in nanoelectronics and spintronics. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  10. Tradurre sotto il fascismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Bibbò

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Cesare Pavese, per primo, parlò degli anni Trenta come del decennio – italiano – delle traduzioni. Christopher Rundle parte da lì per un importante studio sul "problema delle traduzioni" durante il fascismo, Publishing Translations in Fascist Italy, Peter Lang, 2010. Riesce così a fornire un panorama convincente di uno dei dibattiti più caratteristici del Ventennio, e a ridiscutere alcuni assunti come la centralità della letteratura anglo-americana nelle preoccupazioni dei "censori". Perché di amministrazione della cultura si parla: della censura porosa e discontinua – o comunque tardiva – messa in atto dal fascismo per limitare “l’invasione delle traduzioni”. Un interesse, quello nei confronti della politica e della censura editoriale durante i fascismi che sembra ormai centrale negli studi di italianistica e traduttologia.Il secondo volume recensito - Christopher Rundle and Kate Sturge, Translation under Fascism, Palgrave Macmillan, 2010 presenta una serie di studi sullo statuto delle traduzioni durante i regimi totalitari. Questa collezione di saggi va oltre i confini italiani e tedeschi e si occupa delle politiche di traduzione dei regimi fascisti europei, contribuendo ad allargare e mettere in discussione non solo la nostra conoscenza delle pratiche censorie in diversi ambiti espressivi, ma anche la stessa idea di regime fascista. 

  11. Discovery of lost diversity of paternal horse lineages using ancient DNA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lippold, Sebastian; Knapp, Michael; Kuznetsova, Tatyana; Leonard, Jennifer A; Benecke, Norbert; Ludwig, Arne; Rasmussen, Morten; Cooper, Alan; Weinstock, Jaco; Willerslev, Eske; Shapiro, Beth; Hofreiter, Michael

    2011-08-23

    Modern domestic horses display abundant genetic diversity within female-inherited mitochondrial DNA, but practically no sequence diversity on the male-inherited Y chromosome. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain this discrepancy, but can only be tested through knowledge of the diversity in both the ancestral (pre-domestication) maternal and paternal lineages. As wild horses are practically extinct, ancient DNA studies offer the only means to assess this ancestral diversity. Here we show considerable ancestral diversity in ancient male horses by sequencing 4 kb of Y chromosomal DNA from eight ancient wild horses and one 2,800-year-old domesticated horse. Both ancient and modern domestic horses form a separate branch from the ancient wild horses, with the Przewalski horse at its base. Our methodology establishes the feasibility of re-sequencing long ancient nuclear DNA fragments and demonstrates the power of ancient Y chromosome DNA sequence data to provide insights into the evolutionary history of populations. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  12. Oil and gas operations and First Nations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Porter, D. [Kaska First Nation, Good Hope Lake, BC (Canada)

    2001-07-01

    The author began the presentation by indicating the boundaries of the Kaska traditional territory, which extends from the MacMillan Pass at the Yukon-Northwest Territories border to Williston Lake in British Columbia. The various First Nations that form part of the Kaska Tribal Council were listed. The settlement of land claims involves negotiations with four different public governments, as well as a number of various processes. Economic development within a strategic framework is sought by the Kaska Nation in all sectors of activity, and the emphasis was on the oil and gas industry during the presentation. The vision shared by the Kaska Nation concerning economic development consists of joint ventures, partnerships and strategic alliances. An impact benefit agreement must be signed by industry, government and the Kaska for any oil and gas activity taking place in the Yukon whose value exceeds one million dollars on lands that are claimed by the Kaska Nation. More details on impact benefit agreements were provided. The author discussed joint ventures and intergovernmental agreements. The Kaska Nation wants to actively participate in the economic development opportunities afforded by the oil and gas industry in the North, and it requires cooperation. The Kaska's priority is the conclusion of outstanding land claims, treaties and transboundary agreements, and final agreements will unleash the economic potential of the Kaska territory.

  13. Developing a Model for Pharmaceutical Palliative Care in Rural Areas—Experience from Scotland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gazala Akram

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Palliative care is increasingly delivered in the community but access to medicines, particularly ‘out of hours’ remains problematic. This paper describes the experience of developing a model to deliver pharmaceutical palliative care in rural Scotland via the MacMillan Rural Palliative Care Pharmacist Practitioner (MRPP project. The focus of the service was better integration of the MRPP into different care settings and professional teams, and to develop educational resources for the wider MDT including Care Home and Social Care staff on medicine related issues in palliative care. A variety of integration activities are reported in the paper with advice on how to achieve this. Similarly, many resources were developed, including bespoke training on pharmaceutical matters for Care Home staff. The experience allowed for a three step service and sustainability model for community pharmacy palliative care services to be developed. Moving through the steps, the key roles and responsibilities of the MRPP gradually shift towards the local Community Pharmacist(s, with the MRPP starting from a locality-based hands-on role to a wider supportive facilitating role for local champions. It is acknowledged that successful delivery of the model is dependent on alignment of resources, infrastructure and local community support.

  14. New Development in the Making of Electronic English Dictionaries—A Review on OALD7 on CD-Rom%英语电子词典编纂的新进展——《牛津高阶英语学习词典(第七版)》光盘版评介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常晨光

    2008-01-01

    @@ 随着计算机技术的发展,近年来国外词典出版商在推出纸质版的同时一般都推出电子版.例如,著名的目前除纸质版外还有电脑在线版和光盘版.英国主要的几部英语学习词典(如Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English,Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, Collins COBUILD English Dictionary for Advanced Learners,Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary, Macmillan English Dictionary for Advanced Learners等)自20世纪90年代起也陆续推出光盘版.这些电子版学习词典除包括纸质版所有的文字内容外,同时具有多媒体功能,为读者提供了额外的语言文化信息和特殊的检索功能.本文主要通过评介(OALD7)光盘版的功能,介绍电子词典编纂的新进展.

  15. Ancient deuterostome origins of vertebrate brain signalling centres.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pani, Ariel M; Mullarkey, Erin E; Aronowicz, Jochanan; Assimacopoulos, Stavroula; Grove, Elizabeth A; Lowe, Christopher J

    2012-03-14

    Neuroectodermal signalling centres induce and pattern many novel vertebrate brain structures but are absent, or divergent, in invertebrate chordates. This has led to the idea that signalling-centre genetic programs were first assembled in stem vertebrates and potentially drove morphological innovations of the brain. However, this scenario presumes that extant cephalochordates accurately represent ancestral chordate characters, which has not been tested using close chordate outgroups. Here we report that genetic programs homologous to three vertebrate signalling centres-the anterior neural ridge, zona limitans intrathalamica and isthmic organizer-are present in the hemichordate Saccoglossus kowalevskii. Fgf8/17/18 (a single gene homologous to vertebrate Fgf8, Fgf17 and Fgf18), sfrp1/5, hh and wnt1 are expressed in vertebrate-like arrangements in hemichordate ectoderm, and homologous genetic mechanisms regulate ectodermal patterning in both animals. We propose that these genetic programs were components of an unexpectedly complex, ancient genetic regulatory scaffold for deuterostome body patterning that degenerated in amphioxus and ascidians, but was retained to pattern divergent structures in hemichordates and vertebrates. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved

  16. Influences of history, geography, and religion on genetic structure: the Maronites in Lebanon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haber, Marc; Platt, Daniel E; Badro, Danielle A; Xue, Yali; El-Sibai, Mirvat; Bonab, Maziar Ashrafian; Youhanna, Sonia C; Saade, Stephanie; Soria-Hernanz, David F; Royyuru, Ajay; Wells, R Spencer; Tyler-Smith, Chris; Zalloua, Pierre A

    2011-03-01

    Cultural expansions, including of religions, frequently leave genetic traces of differentiation and in-migration. These expansions may be driven by complex doctrinal differentiation, together with major population migrations and gene flow. The aim of this study was to explore the genetic signature of the establishment of religious communities in a region where some of the most influential religions originated, using the Y chromosome as an informative male-lineage marker. A total of 3139 samples were analyzed, including 647 Lebanese and Iranian samples newly genotyped for 28 binary markers and 19 short tandem repeats on the non-recombinant segment of the Y chromosome. Genetic organization was identified by geography and religion across Lebanon in the context of surrounding populations important in the expansions of the major sects of Lebanon, including Italy, Turkey, the Balkans, Syria, and Iran by employing principal component analysis, multidimensional scaling, and AMOVA. Timing of population differentiations was estimated using BATWING, in comparison with dates of historical religious events to determine if these differentiations could be caused by religious conversion, or rather, whether religious conversion was facilitated within already differentiated populations. Our analysis shows that the great religions in Lebanon were adopted within already distinguishable communities. Once religious affiliations were established, subsequent genetic signatures of the older differentiations were reinforced. Post-establishment differentiations are most plausibly explained by migrations of peoples seeking refuge to avoid the turmoil of major historical events. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited All rights reserved 1018-4813/11

  17. Direct observation of ultrafast long-range charge separation at polymer–fullerene heterojunctions

    KAUST Repository

    Provencher, Françoise

    2014-07-01

    In polymeric semiconductors, charge carriers are polarons, which means that the excess charge deforms the molecular structure of the polymer chain that hosts it. This results in distinctive signatures in the vibrational modes of the polymer. Here, we probe polaron photogeneration dynamics at polymer:fullerene heterojunctions by monitoring its time-resolved resonance-Raman spectrum following ultrafast photoexcitation. We conclude that polarons emerge within 300 fs. Surprisingly, further structural evolution on ≤50-ps timescales is modest, indicating that the polymer conformation hosting nascent polarons is not significantly different from that near equilibrium. We interpret this as suggestive that charges are free from their mutual Coulomb potential because we would expect rich vibrational dynamics associated with charge-pair relaxation. We address current debates on the photocarrier generation mechanism at molecular heterojunctions, and our work is, to our knowledge, the first direct probe of molecular conformation dynamics during this fundamentally important process in these materials. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  18. Transcription factor PIF4 controls the thermosensory activation of flowering

    KAUST Repository

    Kumar, S. Vinod

    2012-03-21

    Plant growth and development are strongly affected by small differences in temperature. Current climate change has already altered global plant phenology and distribution, and projected increases in temperature pose a significant challenge to agriculture. Despite the important role of temperature on plant development, the underlying pathways are unknown. It has previously been shown that thermal acceleration of flowering is dependent on the florigen, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT). How this occurs is, however, not understood, because the major pathway known to upregulate FT, the photoperiod pathway, is not required for thermal acceleration of flowering. Here we demonstrate a direct mechanism by which increasing temperature causes the bHLH transcription factor PHYTOCHROME INTERACTING FACTOR4 (PIF4) to activate FT. Our findings provide a new understanding of how plants control their timing of reproduction in response to temperature. Flowering time is an important trait in crops as well as affecting the life cycles of pollinator species. A molecular understanding of how temperature affects flowering will be important for mitigating the effects of climate change. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  19. A high-rate and long cycle life aqueous electrolyte battery for grid-scale energy storage

    KAUST Repository

    Pasta, Mauro

    2012-10-23

    New types of energy storage are needed in conjunction with the deployment of solar, wind and other volatile renewable energy sources and their integration with the electric grid. No existing energy storage technology can economically provide the power, cycle life and energy efficiency needed to respond to the costly short-term transients that arise from renewables and other aspects of grid operation. Here we demonstrate a new type of safe, fast, inexpensive, long-life aqueous electrolyte battery, which relies on the insertion of potassium ions into a copper hexacyanoferrate cathode and a novel activated carbon/polypyrrole hybrid anode. The cathode reacts rapidly with very little hysteresis. The hybrid anode uses an electrochemically active additive to tune its potential. This high-rate, high-efficiency cell has a 95% round-trip energy efficiency when cycled at a 5C rate, and a 79% energy efficiency at 50C. It also has zero-capacity loss after 1,000 deep-discharge cycles. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  20. Inorganic hole conductor-based lead halide perovskite solar cells with 12.4% conversion efficiency

    KAUST Repository

    Qin, Peng

    2014-05-12

    Organo-lead halide perovskites have attracted much attention for solar cell applications due to their unique optical and electrical properties. With either low-temperature solution processing or vacuum evaporation, the overall conversion efficiencies of perovskite solar cells with organic hole-transporting material were quickly improved to over 15% during the last 2 years. However, the organic hole-transporting materials used are normally quite expensive due to complicated synthetic procedure or high-purity requirement. Here, we demonstrate the application of an effective and cheap inorganic p-type hole-transporting material, copper thiocyanate, on lead halide perovskite-based devices. With low-temperature solution-process deposition method, a power conversion efficiency of 12.4% was achieved under full sun illumination. This work represents a well-defined cell configuration with optimized perovskite morphology by two times of lead iodide deposition, and opens the door for integration of a class of abundant and inexpensive material for photovoltaic application. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

  1. Made-to-order metal-organic frameworks for trace carbon dioxide removal and air capture

    KAUST Repository

    Shekhah, Osama

    2014-06-25

    Direct air capture is regarded as a plausible alternate approach that, if economically practical, can mitigate the increasing carbon dioxide emissions associated with two of the main carbon polluting sources, namely stationary power plants and transportation. Here we show that metal-organic framework crystal chemistry permits the construction of an isostructural metal-organic framework (SIFSIX-3-Cu) based on pyrazine/copper(II) two-dimensional periodic 4 4 square grids pillared by silicon hexafluoride anions and thus allows further contraction of the pore system to 3.5 versus 3.84 for the parent zinc(II) derivative. This enhances the adsorption energetics and subsequently displays carbon dioxide uptake and selectivity at very low partial pressures relevant to air capture and trace carbon dioxide removal. The resultant SIFSIX-3-Cu exhibits uniformly distributed adsorption energetics and offers enhanced carbon dioxide physical adsorption properties, uptake and selectivity in highly diluted gas streams, a performance, to the best of our knowledge, unachievable with other classes of porous materials. 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

  2. Vulnerability of deep groundwater in the Bengal Aquifer System to contamination by arsenic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgess, W.G.; Hoque, M.A.; Michael, H.A.; Voss, C.I.; Breit, G.N.; Ahmed, K.M.

    2010-01-01

    Shallow groundwater, the primary water source in the Bengal Basin, contains up to 100 times the World Health Organization (WHO) drinking-water guideline of 10g l 1 arsenic (As), threatening the health of 70 million people. Groundwater from a depth greater than 150m, which almost uniformly meets the WHO guideline, has become the preferred alternative source. The vulnerability of deep wells to contamination by As is governed by the geometry of induced groundwater flow paths and the geochemical conditions encountered between the shallow and deep regions of the aquifer. Stratification of flow separates deep groundwater from shallow sources of As in some areas. Oxidized sediments also protect deep groundwater through the ability of ferric oxyhydroxides to adsorb As. Basin-scale groundwater flow modelling suggests that, over large regions, deep hand-pumped wells for domestic supply may be secure against As invasion for hundreds of years. By contrast, widespread deep irrigation pumping might effectively eliminate deep groundwater as an As-free resource within decades. Finer-scale models, incorporating spatial heterogeneity, are needed to investigate the security of deep municipal abstraction at specific urban locations. ?? 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  3. Efficient charge generation by relaxed charge-transfer states at organic interfaces

    KAUST Repository

    Vandewal, Koen

    2013-11-17

    Interfaces between organic electron-donating (D) and electron-accepting (A) materials have the ability to generate charge carriers on illumination. Efficient organic solar cells require a high yield for this process, combined with a minimum of energy losses. Here, we investigate the role of the lowest energy emissive interfacial charge-transfer state (CT1) in the charge generation process. We measure the quantum yield and the electric field dependence of charge generation on excitation of the charge-transfer (CT) state manifold via weakly allowed, low-energy optical transitions. For a wide range of photovoltaic devices based on polymer:fullerene, small-molecule:C60 and polymer:polymer blends, our study reveals that the internal quantum efficiency (IQE) is essentially independent of whether or not D, A or CT states with an energy higher than that of CT1 are excited. The best materials systems show an IQE higher than 90% without the need for excess electronic or vibrational energy. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

  4. Unconscious perception: a model-based approach to method and evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snodgrass, Michael; Bernat, Edward; Shevrin, Howard

    2004-07-01

    Unconscious perceptual effects remain controversial because it is hard to rule out alternative conscious perception explanations for them. We present a novel methodological framework, stressing the centrality of specifying the single-process conscious perception model (i.e., the null hypothesis). Various considerations, including those of SDT (Macmillan & Creelman, 1991), suggest that conscious perception functions hierarchically, in such a way that higher level effects (e.g., semantic priming) should not be possible without lower level discrimination (i.e., detection and identification). Relatedly, alternative conscious perception accounts (as well as the exhaustiveness, null sensitivity, and exclusiveness problems-Reingold & Merikle, 1988, 1990) predict positive relationships between direct and indirect measures. Contrariwise, our review suggests that negative and/or nonmonotonic relationships are found, providing strong evidence for unconscious perception and further suggesting that conscious and unconscious perceptual influences are functionally exclusive (cf. Jones, 1987), in such a way that the former typically override the latter when both are present. Consequently, unconscious perceptual effects manifest reliably only when conscious perception is completely absent, which occurs at the objective detection (but not identification) threshold.

  5. The optimum decision rules for the oddity task.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Versfeld, N J; Dai, H; Green, D M

    1996-01-01

    This paper presents the optimum decision rule for an m-interval oddity task in which m-1 intervals contain the same signal and one is different or odd. The optimum decision rule depends on the degree of correlation among observations. The present approach unifies the different strategies that occur with "roved" or "fixed" experiments (Macmillan & Creelman, 1991, p. 147). It is shown that the commonly used decision rule for an m-interval oddity task corresponds to the special case of highly correlated observations. However, as is also true for the same-different paradigm, there exists a different optimum decision rule when the observations are independent. The relation between the probability of a correct response and d' is derived for the three-interval oddity task. Tables are presented of this relation for the three-, four-, and five-interval oddity task. Finally, an experimental method is proposed that allows one to determine the decision rule used by the observer in an oddity experiment.

  6. On the form of ROCs constructed from confidence ratings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malmberg, Kenneth J

    2002-03-01

    A classical question for memory researchers is whether memories vary in an all-or-nothing, discrete manner (e.g., stored vs. not stored, recalled vs. not recalled), or whether they vary along a continuous dimension (e.g., strength, similarity, or familiarity). For yes-no classification tasks, continuous- and discrete-state models predict nonlinear and linear receiver operating characteristics (ROCs), respectively (D. M. Green & J. A. Swets, 1966; N. A. Macmillan & C. D. Creelman, 1991). Recently, several authors have assumed that these predictions are generalizable to confidence ratings tasks (J. Qin, C. L. Raye, M. K. Johnson, & K. J. Mitchell, 2001; S. D. Slotnick, S. A. Klein, C. S. Dodson, & A. P. Shimamura, 2000, and A. P. Yonelinas, 1999). This assumption is shown to be unwarranted by showing that discrete-state ratings models predict both linear and nonlinear ROCs. The critical factor determining the form of the discrete-state ROC is the response strategy adopted by the classifier.

  7. High atmosphere–ocean exchange of semivolatile aromatic hydrocarbons

    KAUST Repository

    González-Gaya, Belén

    2016-05-16

    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and other semivolatile aromatic-like compounds, are an important and ubiquitous fraction of organic matter in the environment. The occurrence of semivolatile aromatic hydrocarbons is due to anthropogenic sources such as incomplete combustion of fossil fuels or oil spills, and other biogenic sources. However, their global transport, fate and relevance for the carbon cycle have been poorly assessed, especially in terms of fluxes. Here we report a global assessment of the occurrence and atmosphere-ocean fluxes of 64 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons analysed in paired atmospheric and seawater samples from the tropical and subtropical Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The global atmospheric input of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons to the global ocean is estimated at 0.09 Tg per month, four times greater than the input from the Deepwater Horizon spill. Moreover, the environmental concentrations of total semivolatile aromatic-like compounds were 10 2 -10 3 times higher than those of the targeted polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, with a relevant contribution of an aromatic unresolved complex mixture. These concentrations drive a large global deposition of carbon, estimated at 400 Tg C yr -1, around 15% of the oceanic CO2 uptake. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited.

  8. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1969-04-01

    Full Text Available - A. Teeuw, W.J.S. Poerwadarminta, Bahasa Indonesia untuk karang-mengarang. U.P. Indonesia. Jogjakarta 1967. 168 pp. - A. Teeuw, Sutomo Tjokronegoro, Tjukuplah saudara membina bahasa kesatuan kita? P.T. Eresco, Djakarta Bandung 1968. XXIV and 313 pp. - E.C.G. Barrett, William R. Roff, The origins of Malay nationalism. Yale Southeast Asia Studies, 2. Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 1967. Pp. XX and 297. - W. Brand, Bram Peper, Grootte en groei van Java’s inheemse bevolking in de negentiende eeuw. Publicatie Nr. 11, Afdeling Zuid- en Zuidoost Azië, Anthropologisch-Sociologisch Centrum, Universiteit van Amsterdam, 1967, 151 blz. - M.A. Jaspan, H.J. Heeren, Het land aan de overkant: Transmigratie van Java naar Sumatra. J.A. Boom en Zoon, Meppel, 1967. Pp. VIII, 225, maps, tables, bibliogr. - J.B. Avé, Benedict Sandin, The sea Dayaks of Borneo before white Rajah rule. MacMillan, London-Melbourne-Toronto, 1967. XX, 13 pp. - Tocihi Mabuchi, Alois Pache, Die religiöse vorstellung in der mythen der formosanischen Bergstämme. Studia Instituti Anthropos, Vol. 19, XV + 271 Seiten. Verlag der Missionsdruckerei St. Gabriel, Wien-Mödling 1964. - S. Kooijman, Th. P. van Baaren, Korwars and korwar style. Art and ancestor worship in North-West New Guinea. Art in its context. Museum series: volume 2, Mouton & Co 1968. 104 pp., 69 plates. - R.S. Karni, M.A. Jaspan, Westerly, a quarterly review. Published by the University of Western Australia Press. (Perth, W.A. Special issue: Indonesia, no. 2, October 1966; 93 p., 4 pls. - ,

  9. The NLRC4 inflammasome receptors for bacterial flagellin and type III secretion apparatus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yue; Yang, Jieling; Shi, Jianjin; Gong, Yi-Nan; Lu, Qiuhe; Xu, Hao; Liu, Liping; Shao, Feng

    2011-09-14

    Inflammasomes are large cytoplasmic complexes that sense microbial infections/danger molecules and induce caspase-1 activation-dependent cytokine production and macrophage inflammatory death. The inflammasome assembled by the NOD-like receptor (NLR) protein NLRC4 responds to bacterial flagellin and a conserved type III secretion system (TTSS) rod component. How the NLRC4 inflammasome detects the two bacterial products and the molecular mechanism of NLRC4 inflammasome activation are not understood. Here we show that NAIP5, a BIR-domain NLR protein required for Legionella pneumophila replication in mouse macrophages, is a universal component of the flagellin-NLRC4 pathway. NAIP5 directly and specifically interacted with flagellin, which determined the inflammasome-stimulation activities of different bacterial flagellins. NAIP5 engagement by flagellin promoted a physical NAIP5-NLRC4 association, rendering full reconstitution of a flagellin-responsive NLRC4 inflammasome in non-macrophage cells. The related NAIP2 functioned analogously to NAIP5, serving as a specific inflammasome receptor for TTSS rod proteins such as Salmonella PrgJ and Burkholderia BsaK. Genetic analysis of Chromobacterium violaceum infection revealed that the TTSS needle protein CprI can stimulate NLRC4 inflammasome activation in human macrophages. Similarly, CprI is specifically recognized by human NAIP, the sole NAIP family member in human. The finding that NAIP proteins are inflammasome receptors for bacterial flagellin and TTSS apparatus components further predicts that the remaining NAIP family members may recognize other unidentified microbial products to activate NLRC4 inflammasome-mediated innate immunity. © 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved

  10. ON THE EXISTENCE OF THE h-RESTRICTED EDGE CONNECTIVITY OF A GRAPH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Ying-qian(

    2001-01-01

    [1]Harary F. Graph theory [M]. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1972.[2]Bondy J A, Murty U S R. Graph theory with applications [M]. London: Macmillan, 1976.[3]Harary F. Conditional connectivity [J]. Networks, 1983, 14: 355~366.[4]Fábrega J, Fiol M A. On the extraconnectivity of graphs [J]. Discrete Math, 1998, 155: 49~57.[5]Esfahanian A, Hakimi S. On computing a conditional edge connectivity of a graph [J]. Info Process Lett, 1988, 27: 195~199.[6]Esfahanian A. Generalized measures of fault tolerance with application to N-cube networks [J]. IEEE Trans Comput, 1989, 38(11): 1586~1591.[7]Li Qiaoliang, Li Qiao. Reliability analysis of circulant graphs [J]. Networks, 1998, 31: 61~65.[8]Li Qiaoliang, Li Qiao. Super edge connectivity properties of connected edge symmetric graphs [J]. Networks, 1999 33: 157~159.[9]王应前,李乔.直径为2的图的超级边连通性质[J].上海交通大学学报,1999,33(6): 646~649.[10]王应前,李乔.图是超级限制性边连通的一个Ore型充分条件[J].上海交通大学学报,2001,35(8):1253~1255.[11]Wang Ying-qian, Li Qiao. A sufficient condition for the equality between the restricted edge-connectivity and minimum edge-degree of graphs [J]. Appl Math J Chinese Univ, 2001, 16(4) (accepted).

  11. FILTERED-GRADED TRANSFER OF SAGBI BASES IN SOLVABLE POLYNOMIAL ALGEBRAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG; Jiang-feng(

    2001-01-01

    [1]Harary F. Graph theory [M]. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1972.[2]Bondy J A, Murty U S R. Graph theory with applications [M]. London: Macmillan, 1976.[3]Harary F. Conditional connectivity [J]. Networks, 1983, 14: 355~366.[4]Fábrega J, Fiol M A. On the extraconnectivity of graphs [J]. Discrete Math, 1998, 155: 49~57.[5]Esfahanian A, Hakimi S. On computing a conditional edge connectivity of a graph [J]. Info Process Lett, 1988, 27: 195~199.[6]Esfahanian A. Generalized measures of fault tolerance with application to N-cube networks [J]. IEEE Trans Comput, 1989, 38(11): 1586~1591.[7]Li Qiaoliang, Li Qiao. Reliability analysis of circulant graphs [J]. Networks, 1998, 31: 61~65.[8]Li Qiaoliang, Li Qiao. Super edge connectivity properties of connected edge symmetric graphs [J]. Networks, 1999 33: 157~159.[9]王应前,李乔.直径为2的图的超级边连通性质[J].上海交通大学学报,1999,33(6): 646~649.[10]王应前,李乔.图是超级限制性边连通的一个Ore型充分条件[J].上海交通大学学报,2001,35(8):1253~1255.[11]Wang Ying-qian, Li Qiao. A sufficient condition for the equality between the restricted edge-connectivity and minimum edge-degree of graphs [J]. Appl Math J Chinese Univ, 2001, 16(4) (accepted).

  12. Sequence Analysis of the Mitochondrial Genomes from Dutch Pedigrees with Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Neil; Oostra, Roelof-Jan; Bolhuis, Piet A.; Spruijt, Liesbeth; Clarke, Lorne A.; Mackey, David A.; Preston, Gwen; Herrnstadt, Corinna

    2003-01-01

    The complete mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences for 63 Dutch pedigrees with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) were determined, 56 of which carried one of the classic LHON mutations at nucleotide (nt) 3460, 11778, or 14484. Analysis of these sequences indicated that there were several instances in which the mtDNAs were either identical or related by descent. The most striking example was a haplogroup J mtDNA that carried the 14484 LHON mutation. Four different but related mitochondrial genotypes were identified in seven of the Dutch pedigrees with LHON, including six of those described by van Senus. The control region of the founder sequence for these Dutch pedigrees with LHON matches the control-region sequence that Macmillan and colleagues identified in the founder mtDNA of French Canadian pedigrees with LHON. In addition, we obtained a perfect match between the Dutch 14484 founder sequence and the complete mtDNA sequences of two Canadian pedigrees with LHON. Those results indicate that these Dutch and French Canadian 14484 pedigrees with LHON share a common ancestor, that the single origin of the 14484 mutation in this megalineage occurred before the year 1600, and that there is a 14484/haplogroup J founder effect. We estimate that this lineage—including the 14484 LHON mutation—arose 900–1,800 years ago. Overall, the phylogenetic analyses of these mtDNA sequences conservatively indicate that a LHON mutation has arisen at least 42 times in the Dutch population. Finally, analysis of the mtDNA sequences from those pedigrees that did not carry classic LHON mutations suggested candidate pathogenic mutations at nts 9804, 13051, and 14325. PMID:12736867

  13. The Logic of Reflection: Samuel Taylor Coleridge's "treatise on Logic"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Land, Janet Sanders

    Though others discuss Coleridge's interest in science, light imagery, the phenomenon of reflection, and his references to Newton and Opticks,^1 this is the first study to examine Coleridge's art in terms of optics, its developing theories, and the nature-of-light debate. This study examines Coleridge's early predilection for visions, illusions, and the supernatural and demonstrates that he gradually shifts from the supernatural to the scientific aspects of "visions" and "illusions," concentrating on causes of illusions and the effects of their deceptive qualities rather than their mystical features. By the 1820's, his preoccupation with illusions had become an interest in optics, fueled, no doubt, by the increasing controversy of the nature-of-light debate and the number of advances in optics resulting from the efforts of its opponents to prove their theories. Tracing the development of the debate, its escalation in the early nineteenth century, and the formation of Coleridge's opinion concerning key issues of the debate, I outline the evolution of Coleridge's theory of reflection and examine the exposition of that theory in his treatise, Logic (1981). Finally, I analyze the relationship between the advances in optics and Coleridge's concepts of thought and knowledge and his notion of the mind as an instrument of knowledge. These ideas in turn, altered his opinions concerning the validity of knowledge resulting from philosophic debate, scientific experiment, and poetic exploration. ftn^1John Beer, "Coleridge and Wordsworth on Reflection," The Wordsworth Circle 20 (1989): 20-29; Coleridge the Visionary. London: Chatto and Windus, 1959; and Coleridge's Poetic Intelligence. London: Macmillan, 1977 and M. H. Abrams Natural Supernaturalism: Tradition and Revolution in Romantic Literature. New York: Norton, 1971; and "Coleridge's 'A Light in Sound': Science, Metascience, and Poetic Imagination." The Correspondent Breeze: Essays on English Romanticism. Eds. M. H. Abrams

  14. The genome of a Late Pleistocene human from a Clovis burial site in western Montana

    KAUST Repository

    Rasmussen, Morten Arendt Rendt

    2014-02-12

    Clovis, with its distinctive biface, blade and osseous technologies, is the oldest widespread archaeological complex defined in North America, dating from 11,100 to 10,700 14 C years before present (bp) (13,000 to 12,600 calendar years bp). Nearly 50 years of archaeological research point to the Clovis complex as having developed south of the North American ice sheets from an ancestral technology. However, both the origins and the genetic legacy of the people who manufactured Clovis tools remain under debate. It is generally believed that these people ultimately derived from Asia and were directly related to contemporary Native Americans. An alternative, Solutrean, hypothesis posits that the Clovis predecessors emigrated from southwestern Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum. Here we report the genome sequence of a male infant (Anzick-1) recovered from the Anzick burial site in western Montana. The human bones date to 10,705 ± 35 14 C years bp (approximately 12,707-12,556 calendar years bp) and were directly associated with Clovis tools. We sequenced the genome to an average depth of 14.4× and show that the gene flow from the Siberian Upper Palaeolithic Mal\\'ta population into Native American ancestors is also shared by the Anzick-1 individual and thus happened before 12,600 years bp. We also show that the Anzick-1 individual is more closely related to all indigenous American populations than to any other group. Our data are compatible with the hypothesis that Anzick-1 belonged to a population directly ancestral to many contemporary Native Americans. Finally, we find evidence of a deep divergence in Native American populations that predates the Anzick-1 individual. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  15. Transpressional rupture of an unmapped fault during the 2010 Haiti earthquake

    KAUST Repository

    Calais, Éric

    2010-10-24

    On 12 January 2010, a Mw7.0 earthquake struck the Port-au-Prince region of Haiti. The disaster killed more than 200,000 people and caused an estimated $8 billion in damages, about 100% of the country?s gross domestic product. The earthquake was initially thought to have ruptured the Enriquillog-Plantain Garden fault of the southern peninsula of Haiti, which is one of two main strike-slip faults inferred to accommodate the 2cmyr -1 relative motion between the Caribbean and North American plates. Here we use global positioning system and radar interferometry measurements of ground motion to show that the earthquake involved a combination of horizontal and contractional slip, causing transpressional motion. This result is consistent with the long-term pattern of strain accumulation in Hispaniola. The unexpected contractional deformation caused by the earthquake and by the pattern of strain accumulation indicates present activity on faults other than the Enriquillog-Plantain Garden fault. We show that the earthquake instead ruptured an unmapped north-dipping fault, called the Léogâne fault. The Léogâne fault lies subparallel tog-but is different fromg-the Enriquillog-Plantain Garden fault. We suggest that the 2010 earthquake may have activated the southernmost front of the Haitian fold-and-thrust belt as it abuts against the Enriquillog-Plantain Garden fault. As the Enriquillog-Plantain Garden fault did not release any significant accumulated elastic strain, it remains a significant seismic threat for Haiti and for Port-au-Prince in particular. © 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  16. Experimental infection of bats with Geomyces destructans causes white-nose syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorch, J.M.; Meteyer, C.U.; Behr, M.J.; Boyles, J.G.; Cryan, P.M.; Hicks, A.C.; Ballmann, A.E.; Coleman, J.T.H.; Redell, D.N.; Reeder, D.M.; Blehert, D.S.

    2011-01-01

    White-nose syndrome (WNS) has caused recent catastrophic declines among multiple species of bats in eastern North America. The disease's name derives from a visually apparent white growth of the newly discovered fungus Geomyces destructans on the skin (including the muzzle) of hibernating bats. Colonization of skin by this fungus is associated with characteristic cutaneous lesions that are the only consistent pathological finding related to WNS. However, the role of G. destructans in WNS remains controversial because evidence to implicate the fungus as the primary cause of this disease is lacking. The debate is fuelled, in part, by the assumption that fungal infections in mammals are most commonly associated with immune system dysfunction. Additionally, the recent discovery that G. destructans commonly colonizes the skin of bats of Europe, where no unusual bat mortality events have been reported, has generated further speculation that the fungus is an opportunistic pathogen and that other unidentified factors are the primary cause of WNS. Here we demonstrate that exposure of healthy little brown bats (Myotis lucifugus) to pure cultures of G. destructans causes WNS. Live G. destructans was subsequently cultured from diseased bats, successfully fulfilling established criteria for the determination of G. destructans as a primary pathogen. We also confirmed that WNS can be transmitted from infected bats to healthy bats through direct contact. Our results provide the first direct evidence that G. destructans is the causal agent of WNS and that the recent emergence of WNS in North America may represent translocation of the fungus to a region with a naive population of animals. Demonstration of causality is an instrumental step in elucidating the pathogenesis and epidemiology of WNS and in guiding management actions to preserve bat populations against the novel threat posed by this devastating infectious disease. ?? 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  17. Spin-transfer torque generated by a topological insulator

    KAUST Repository

    Mellnik, A. R.

    2014-07-23

    Magnetic devices are a leading contender for the implementation of memory and logic technologies that are non-volatile, that can scale to high density and high speed, and that do not wear out. However, widespread application of magnetic memory and logic devices will require the development of efficient mechanisms for reorienting their magnetization using the least possible current and power. There has been considerable recent progress in this effort; in particular, it has been discovered that spin-orbit interactions in heavy-metal/ferromagnet bilayers can produce strong current-driven torques on the magnetic layer, via the spin Hall effect in the heavy metal or the Rashba-Edelstein effect in the ferromagnet. In the search for materials to provide even more efficient spin-orbit-induced torques, some proposals have suggested topological insulators, which possess a surface state in which the effects of spin-orbit coupling are maximal in the sense that an electron\\' s spin orientation is fixed relative to its propagation direction. Here we report experiments showing that charge current flowing in-plane in a thin film of the topological insulator bismuth selenide (Bi2Se3) at room temperature can indeed exert a strong spin-transfer torque on an adjacent ferromagnetic permalloy (Ni81Fe19) thin film, with a direction consistent with that expected from the topological surface state. We find that the strength of the torque per unit charge current density in Bi 2Se3 is greater than for any source of spin-transfer torque measured so far, even for non-ideal topological insulator films in which the surface states coexist with bulk conduction. Our data suggest that topological insulators could enable very efficient electrical manipulation of magnetic materials at room temperature, for memory and logic applications. © 2014 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  18. The earliest evidence for anatomically modern humans in northwestern Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higham, Tom; Compton, Tim; Stringer, Chris; Jacobi, Roger; Shapiro, Beth; Trinkaus, Erik; Chandler, Barry; Gröning, Flora; Collins, Chris; Hillson, Simon; O'Higgins, Paul; FitzGerald, Charles; Fagan, Michael

    2011-11-02

    The earliest anatomically modern humans in Europe are thought to have appeared around 43,000-42,000 calendar years before present (43-42 kyr cal BP), by association with Aurignacian sites and lithic assemblages assumed to have been made by modern humans rather than by Neanderthals. However, the actual physical evidence for modern humans is extremely rare, and direct dates reach no farther back than about 41-39 kyr cal BP, leaving a gap. Here we show, using stratigraphic, chronological and archaeological data, that a fragment of human maxilla from the Kent's Cavern site, UK, dates to the earlier period. The maxilla (KC4), which was excavated in 1927, was initially diagnosed as Upper Palaeolithic modern human. In 1989, it was directly radiocarbon dated by accelerator mass spectrometry to 36.4-34.7 kyr cal BP. Using a Bayesian analysis of new ultrafiltered bone collagen dates in an ordered stratigraphic sequence at the site, we show that this date is a considerable underestimate. Instead, KC4 dates to 44.2-41.5 kyr cal BP. This makes it older than any other equivalently dated modern human specimen and directly contemporary with the latest European Neanderthals, thus making its taxonomic attribution crucial. We also show that in 13 dental traits KC4 possesses modern human rather than Neanderthal characteristics; three other traits show Neanderthal affinities and a further seven are ambiguous. KC4 therefore represents the oldest known anatomically modern human fossil in northwestern Europe, fills a key gap between the earliest dated Aurignacian remains and the earliest human skeletal remains, and demonstrates the wide and rapid dispersal of early modern humans across Europe more than 40 kyr ago. ©2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved

  19. Advice to young behavioral and cognitive scientists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisman, Ronald G

    2008-02-01

    Modeled on Medawar's Advice to a Young Scientist [Medawar, P.B., 1979. Advice to a Young Scientist. Basic Books, New York], this article provides advice to behavioral and cognitive scientists. An important guiding principle is that the study of comparative cognition and behavior are natural sciences tasked with explaining nature. The author advises young scientists to begin with a natural phenomenon and then bring it into the laboratory, rather than beginning in the laboratory and hoping for an application in nature. He suggests collaboration as a way to include research outside the scientist's normal competence. He then discusses several guides to good science. These guides include Tinbergen's [Tinbergen, N., 1963. On aims and methods of ethology. Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie, 20, 410-433. This journal was renamed Ethology in 1986. Also reprinted in Anim. Biol. 55, 297-321, 2005] four "why" questions, Platt's [Platt, J.R., 1964. Strong inference. Science 146, 347-353, (http://weber.ucsd.edu/~jmoore/courses/Platt1964.pdf)] notion of strong inference using multiple alternative hypotheses, and the idea that positive controls help scientists to follow Popper's [Popper, K.R., 1959. The Logic of Scientific Discovery. Basic Books, New York, p. 41] advice about disproving hypotheses. The author also recommends Strunk and White's [Strunk, W., White, E.B., 1979. The Elements of Style, third ed. Macmillan, New York] rules for sound writing, and he provides his personal advice on how to use the anticipation of peer review to improve research and how to decode editors' and reviewers' comments about submitted articles.

  20. An application of the multilayer perceptron: Solar radiation maps in Spain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hontoria, L.; Aguilera, J. [Grupo Investigacion y Desarrollo en Energia Solar y Automatica, Dpto. de Ingenieria Electronica, de Telecomunicaciones y Automatica, Escuela Politecnica Superior de Jaen, Campus de las Lagunillas, Universidad de Jaen, 23071 Jaen (Spain); Zufiria, P. [Grupo de Redes Neuronales, Dpto. de Matematica Aplicada a las Tecnologias de la Informacion, ETSI Telecomunicaciones, UPM Ciudad Universitaria s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2005-11-01

    In this work an application of a methodology to obtain solar radiation maps is presented. This methodology is based on a neural network system [Lippmann, R.P., 1987. An introduction to computing with neural nets. IEEE ASSP Magazine, 4-22] called Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) [Haykin, S., 1994. Neural Networks. A Comprehensive Foundation. Macmillan Publishing Company; Hornik, K., Stinchcombe, M., White, H., 1989. Multilayer feedforward networks are universal approximators. Neural Networks, 2(5), 359-366]. To obtain a solar radiation map it is necessary to know the solar radiation of many points spread wide across the zone of the map where it is going to be drawn. For most of the locations all over the world the records of these data (solar radiation in whatever scale, daily or hourly values) are non-existent. Only very few locations have the privilege of having good meteorological stations where records of solar radiation have being registered. But even in those locations with historical records of solar data, the quality of these solar series is not as good as it should be for most purposes. In addition, to draw solar radiation maps the number of points on the maps (real sites) that it is necessary to work with makes this problem difficult to solve. Nevertheless, with the application of the methodology proposed in this paper, this problem has been solved and solar radiation maps have been obtained for a small region of Spain: Jaen province, a southern province of Spain between parallels 38{sup o}25' N and 37{sup o}25' N, and meridians 4{sup o}10' W and 2{sup o}10' W, and for a larger region: Andalucia, the most southern region of Spain situated between parallels 38{sup o}40' N and 36{sup o}00' N, and meridians 7{sup o}30' W and 1{sup o}40' W. (author)

  1. Libraries as 'everyday' settings: the Glasgow MCISS project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitelaw, Sandy; Coburn, Jonathan; Lacey, Marion; McKee, Martin J; Hill, Carol

    2016-03-22

    A settings-based approach is now well-established in health promotion, initially undertaken in conventional places like schools and workplaces, but more recently being expressed in a wider range of what Torp et al. call 'everyday' settings. In this context, libraries have emerged as another potential setting whose ubiquity and accessibility suggests that they may be particularly effective in addressing health inequalities. Drawing on a case study-the Glasgow Macmillan Cancer Information and Support Services Library project-this paper reports on the potential for seeing 'libraries as settings' and in the context of a set of associated theoretical resources, specifically scrutinizes the nature of initiative implementation. Data were drawn from multiple sources: semi-structured interviews and focus groups with strategic partners and stakeholders, operational staff, project volunteers, service users and members of the general public. Qualitative data were complemented by quantitative insights from surveys with members of the partnership, libraries staff and volunteers. Despite some concerns associated with potentially hostile cultural and financial contexts that might threaten longer term sustainability, insights suggested that in pragmatic terms, the project was attracting sizable 'footfall' and successfully addressing a range of needs. Additionally, the formal implementation processes associated with project implementation were considered to have been highly successful in embedding the model into the library culture. In summary, there is evidence that libraries have the potential to be considered as supportive settings and could act as a model for an emergent vision of what libraries do. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  2. Ecogenomics and potential biogeochemical impacts of globally abundant ocean viruses

    KAUST Repository

    Roux, Simon

    2016-09-20

    they act as key players in nutrient cycling and trophic networks. © 2016 Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature.

  3. Hybrid passivated colloidal quantum dot solids

    KAUST Repository

    Ip, Alex

    2012-07-29

    Colloidal quantum dot (CQD) films allow large-area solution processing and bandgap tuning through the quantum size effect. However, the high ratio of surface area to volume makes CQD films prone to high trap state densities if surfaces are imperfectly passivated, promoting recombination of charge carriers that is detrimental to device performance. Recent advances have replaced the long insulating ligands that enable colloidal stability following synthesis with shorter organic linkers or halide anions, leading to improved passivation and higher packing densities. Although this substitution has been performed using solid-state ligand exchange, a solution-based approach is preferable because it enables increased control over the balance of charges on the surface of the quantum dot, which is essential for eliminating midgap trap states. Furthermore, the solution-based approach leverages recent progress in metal:chalcogen chemistry in the liquid phase. Here, we quantify the density of midgap trap states in CQD solids and show that the performance of CQD-based photovoltaics is now limited by electrong-"hole recombination due to these states. Next, using density functional theory and optoelectronic device modelling, we show that to improve this performance it is essential to bind a suitable ligand to each potential trap site on the surface of the quantum dot. We then develop a robust hybrid passivation scheme that involves introducing halide anions during the end stages of the synthesis process, which can passivate trap sites that are inaccessible to much larger organic ligands. An organic crosslinking strategy is then used to form the film. Finally, we use our hybrid passivated CQD solid to fabricate a solar cell with a certified efficiency of 7.0%, which is a record for a CQD photovoltaic device. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  4. Indian Energy Policy and Strategy: Pre- and Post-Copenhagen 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megha Shenoy

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanIndia is an extraordinarily diverse democratic country with one of the fastest growing economies in the world. It is the world’s sixth largest consumer of energy. Interest in its energy policies and strategies is escalating due to their huge impact on geopolitical relations, global energy prices and climate change. Its current per capita energy consumption and GHG emission values are low; however, these are bound to increase if it continues on the path of development that the West has followed. If India is to ‘leapfrog’ the already well-trodden path to one that ensures sustainable development, it is imperative for the country to redefine its development paradigm in order to ensure inclusive growth. Unsustainable subsidies, poor reform implementation, distorted energy prices and inadequate investment in renewables are some of the major constraints that the Indian government needs to re-examine so as to increase energy security and provide a framework for transition to a low-carbon economy. In addition to innovative energy policies such as the National Solar Mission, the National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency and the National Mission on Sustainable Habitat, India needs to adopt a framework for decoupled growth, which we consider as an increase in the quality of life for its citizens without an increase in environmental damage. Since 2008 India has demonstrated that it is serious about changing its growth pattern and moving towards clean energy alternatives. However, this vision will not be fully realised unless the global North provides technical and financial assistance to collectively mitigate the adverse impact of global warming and subsequent climate change.

  5. In vitro reconstitution of an abscisic acid signalling pathway

    KAUST Repository

    Fujii, Hiroaki

    2009-11-18

    The phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) regulates the expression of many genes in plants; it has critical functions in stress resistance and in growth and development. Several proteins have been reported to function as ABA receptors, and many more are known to be involved in ABA signalling. However, the identities of ABA receptors remain controversial and the mechanism of signalling from perception to downstream gene expression is unclear. Here we show that by combining the recently identified ABA receptor PYR1 with the type 2C protein phosphatase (PP2C) ABI1, the serine/threonine protein kinase SnRK2.6/OST1 and the transcription factor ABF2/AREB1, we can reconstitute ABA-triggered phosphorylation of the transcription factor in vitro. Introduction of these four components into plant protoplasts results in ABA-responsive gene expression. Protoplast and test-tube reconstitution assays were used to test the function of various members of the receptor, protein phosphatase and kinase families. Our results suggest that the default state of the SnRK2 kinases is an autophosphorylated, active state and that the SnRK2 kinases are kept inactive by the PP2Cs through physical interaction and dephosphorylation. We found that in the presence of ABA, the PYR/PYL (pyrabactin resistance 1/PYR1-like) receptor proteins can disrupt the interaction between the SnRK2s and PP2Cs, thus preventing the PP2C-mediated dephosphorylation of the SnRK2s and resulting in the activation of the SnRK2 kinases. Our results reveal new insights into ABA signalling mechanisms and define a minimal set of core components of a complete major ABA signalling pathway. © 2009 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  6. Book reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dein, S; Dein, S; Littlewood, R; Oloyede, Y; Krause, I B; Argenti, N

    1998-04-01

    Millennialism and violence Michael Barkun (Ed.) London, Frank Cass, 1996, 177 pp. Evil and suffering in Jewish philosophy Oliver Leaman Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1995, 157 pp. Religion and the clinical practice of psychology Edward P. Shafranski (ed.) Washington DC, American Psychological Association, 1996, 619 pp., index, bibliographies, figures. Beyond reason: art and psychosis: works from the Prinzhorn Collection London, Hayward Gallery, 1997, £12.95, 195 pp., index, bibliography Madness and art: the life and works of Adolf Wölfli Walter Morgenthaler Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press, 1992, $35.00, xviii, 127 pp., index, bibliography. The encyclopaedia of cultural anthropology David Levinson & Melvin Ember (Eds) New York, Holt/London, Macmillan, 1996, £299, 1486 pp., index, figures, 4 volumes Encyclopaedia of social and cultural anthropology Alan Barnard & Jonathan Spencer (Eds) London, Routledge, 1996, £25, 658 pp., index, figures Hystories: hysterical epidemics and modern culture Elaine Showalter London, Picador, 1997, £16.99 x + 244 pp., index, notes. Charred lullabies: chapters in an anthropology of violence E. Valentine Daniel Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1997, £17.95 (pbk), £35.00 (hbk), xii + 252 pp., maps, notes, bibliog., index Women in pain: gender and morbidity in Mexico Kaja Finkler University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994, xvii + 238 pp., index, bibliog. Reason and necessity in the specification of the multiple self Roland Littlewood. Occasional Paper No. 43. London, Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 1996 £10.00 (pbk), 75 pp., notes index, bibliog. Mental illness and bodily cures: psychiatric treatment in the first half of the twentieth century Joel Braslow Berkeley, California University Press, 1997, £30.00 xiv + 240pp., ind., notes, tables Mimesis: culture, art, society. Gunter Gebauer & Christoph Wulf Translated from German by Don Reneau Berkeley, University of California Press, 1995.

  7. Shifting Environmental Ranges and Biome Potential According to the Whittaker Relationship

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jong, R.; Garonna, I.; Schaepman, M. E.

    2015-12-01

    Robert H. Whittaker classified biome types mainly as a function of Mean Annual Temperature (MAT) and Mean Annual Precipitation (MAP), resulting in the well-known Whittaker plot1. This relationship is still being used to map biomes globally2. The same inputs (MAT and MAP), augmented with a radiation proxy, are used in the resource-balance perspective for modeling large-scale vegetation productivity as a function of abiotic factors3. These two approaches, used in a temporally dynamic manner, provided us indicators of shifts in growth-limiting factors4 and associated environmental ranges of vegetation, which, in turn, are key indicators for the study of global change and biodiversity5. We present a study in which we used the Whittaker relationship and CRU TS 3.22 climatic data to map regions that showed variable biome potential. These regions are likely to indicate ecotones - i.e. interactions zones between biomes - that have been subject to abiotic change and where a change in the vegetation system can be anticipated. At the same time, we used remotely sensed data (GIMMS v3g 1982-2012) to study gradients in vegetation dynamics in these zones. Preliminary results show strongest environmental shifts in northern ecotones, e.g. on the tundra - boreal boundary, and associated changes in climatic growth-limiting factors4. [1] Whittaker RH (1975) Communities and Ecosystems, Macmillan, 385p.[2] Ricklefs RE (2008) The Economy of Nature, W. H. Freeman, 620p.[3] Field CB, Randerson JT, Malmström CM (1995) Global net primary production: Combining ecology and remote sensing. Remote Sensing of Environment, 51, 74-88.[4] Schenkel D, Garonna I, De Jong R, Schaepman ME (this conference) Linking Land Surface Phenology and Growth Limiting Factor Shifts over the Past 30 Years.[5] University of Zurich Research Priority Program on Global Change and Biodiversity, http://www.gcb.uzh.ch

  8. Porous materials with optimal adsorption thermodynamics and kinetics for CO2 separation

    KAUST Repository

    Nugent, Patrick S.

    2013-02-27

    The energy costs associated with the separation and purification of industrial commodities, such as gases, fine chemicals and fresh water, currently represent around 15 per cent of global energy production, and the demand for such commodities is projected to triple by 2050 (ref. 1). The challenge of developing effective separation and purification technologies that have much smaller energy footprints is greater for carbon dioxide (CO2) than for other gases; in addition to its involvement in climate change, CO 2 is an impurity in natural gas, biogas (natural gas produced from biomass), syngas (CO/H 2, the main source of hydrogen in refineries) and many other gas streams. In the context of porous crystalline materials that can exploit both equilibrium and kinetic selectivity, size selectivity and targeted molecular recognition are attractive characteristics for CO 2 separation and capture, as exemplified by zeolites 5A and 13X (ref. 2), as well as metal-organic materials (MOMs). Here we report that a crystal engineering or reticular chemistry strategy that controls pore functionality and size in a series of MOMs with coordinately saturated metal centres and periodically arrayed hexafluorosilicate (SiF 6 2-) anions enables a \\'sweet spot\\' of kinetics and thermodynamics that offers high volumetric uptake at low CO2 partial pressure (less than 0.15 bar). Most importantly, such MOMs offer an unprecedented CO 2 sorption selectivity over N2, H 2 and CH 4, even in the presence of moisture. These MOMs are therefore relevant to CO2 separation in the context of post-combustion (flue gas, CO2/N2), pre-combustion (shifted synthesis gas stream, CO 2/H 2) and natural gas upgrading (natural gas clean-up, CO2/CH 4). © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  9. Obliquity-paced Pliocene West Antarctic ice sheet oscillations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naish, T.; Powell, R.; Levy, R.; Wilson, G.; Scherer, R.; Talarico, F.; Krissek, L.; Niessen, F.; Pompilio, M.; Wilson, T.; Carter, L.; DeConto, R.; Huybers, P.; McKay, R.; Pollard, D.; Ross, J.; Winter, D.; Barrett, P.; Browne, G.; Cody, R.; Cowan, E.; Crampton, J.; Dunbar, G.; Dunbar, N.; Florindo, F.; Gebhardt, C.; Graham, I.; Hannah, M.; Hansaraj, D.; Harwood, D.; Helling, D.; Henrys, S.; Hinnov, L.; Kuhn, G.; Kyle, P.; Laufer, A.; Maffioli, P.; Magens, D.; Mandernack, K.; McIntosh, W.; Millan, C.; Morin, R.; Ohneiser, C.; Paulsen, T.; Persico, D.; Raine, I.; Reed, J.; Riesselman, C.; Sagnotti, L.; Schmitt, D.; Sjunneskog, C.; Strong, P.; Taviani, M.; Vogel, S.; Wilch, T.; Williams, T.

    2009-01-01

    Thirty years after oxygen isotope records from microfossils deposited in ocean sediments confirmed the hypothesis that variations in the Earth's orbital geometry control the ice ages, fundamental questions remain over the response of the Antarctic ice sheets to orbital cycles. Furthermore, an understanding of the behaviour of the marine-based West Antarctic ice sheet (WAIS) during the 'warmer-than-present' early-Pliocene epoch (???5-3 Myr ago) is needed to better constrain the possible range of ice-sheet behaviour in the context of future global warming. Here we present a marine glacial record from the upper 600 m of the AND-1B sediment core recovered from beneath the northwest part of the Ross ice shelf by the ANDRILL programme and demonstrate well-dated, ???40-kyr cyclic variations in ice-sheet extent linked to cycles in insolation influenced by changes in the Earth's axial tilt (obliquity) during the Pliocene. Our data provide direct evidence for orbitally induced oscillations in the WAIS, which periodically collapsed, resulting in a switch from grounded ice, or ice shelves, to open waters in the Ross embayment when planetary temperatures were up to ???3??C warmer than today and atmospheric CO 2 concentration was as high as ???400 p.p.m.v. (refs 5, 6). The evidence is consistent with a new ice-sheet/ice-shelf model that simulates fluctuations in Antarctic ice volume of up to +7 m in equivalent sea level associated with the loss of the WAIS and up to +3 m in equivalent sea level from the East Antarctic ice sheet, in response to ocean-induced melting paced by obliquity. During interglacial times, diatomaceous sediments indicate high surface-water productivity, minimal summer sea ice and air temperatures above freezing, suggesting an additional influence of surface melt under conditions of elevated CO2. ??2009 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  10. Reconsidering the Grenada revolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jay R. Mandle

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] Caribbean Revolutions and Revolutionary Theory: An Assessment of Cuba, Nicaragua and Grenada. BRIAN MEEKS. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1993. ix + 210 pp. (Paper n.p. The Grenada Invasion: Politics, Law, and Foreign Policy Decisionmaking. ROBERT J. BECK. Boulder: Westview, 1993. xiv + 263 pp. (Cloth US$ 49.95 The Gorrión Tree: Cuba and the Grenada Revolution. JOHN WALTON COTMAN. New York: Peter Lang, 1993. xvi + 272 pp. (Cloth US$ 48.95 These three books might be thought of as a second generation of studies concerned with the rise, rule, and destruction of the People's Revolutionary Government (PRG in Grenada. The circumstances surrounding the accession to power in 1979 of the government led by Maurice Bishop, the nature of its rule, and its violent demise in 1983 resulted in the appearance during the mid-1980s of an extensive literature on the Grenada Revolution. Some of these works were scholarly, others polemical. But what they all had in common was the desire to examine, either critically or otherwise, something which was unique in the historical experience of the English-speaking Caribbean. Never, before the rule of the New JEWEL Movement (NJM in Grenada, had a Leninist party come to power; never had a violent coup initiated a new political regime; never had a Caribbean government so explicitly rejected U.S. hegemony in the area; and never, before October 1983, had a government experienced quite so dramatic a crisis as that in Grenada, one which resulted in the killing of the Prime Minister and numerous others of his supporters.

  11. Migrating tremors illuminate complex deformation beneath the seismogenic San Andreas fault

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelly, D.R.

    2010-01-01

    The San Andreas fault is one of the most extensively studied faults in the world, yet its physical character and deformation mode beneath the relatively shallow earthquake-generating portion remain largely unconstrained. Tectonic non-volcanic tremor, a recently discovered seismic signal probably generated by shear slip on the deep extension of some major faults, can provide new insight into the deep fate of such faults, including that of the San Andreas fault near Parkfield, California. Here I examine continuous seismic data from mid-2001 to 2008, identifying tremor and decomposing the signal into different families of activity based on the shape and timing of the waveforms at multiple stations. This approach allows differentiation between activities from nearby patches of the deep fault and begins to unveil rich and complex patterns of tremor occurrence. I find that tremor exhibits nearly continuous migration, with the most extensive episodes propagating more than 20 kilometres along fault strike at rates of 15-80 kilometres per hour. This suggests that the San Andreas fault remains a localized through-going structure, at least to the base of the crust, in this area. Tremor rates and recurrence behaviour changed markedly in the wake of the 2004 magnitude-6.0 Parkfield earthquake, but these changes were far from uniform within the tremor zone, probably reflecting heterogeneous fault properties and static and dynamic stresses decaying away from the rupture. The systematic recurrence of tremor demonstrated here suggests the potential to monitor detailed time-varying deformation on this portion of the deep San Andreas fault, deformation which unsteadily loads the shallower zone that last ruptured in the 1857 magnitude-7.9 Fort Tejon earthquake. ?? 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  12. Aspects of Development Financing After the Financial and Economic Crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Gurtner

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Published by Palgrave MacmillanThe financial and economic crisis saw developing and emerging countries experience more severe setbacks in their growth rates than industrialised countries and they did not all have sufficient funds to finance robust stimulus measures. The major emerging economies have nevertheless recovered quickly and are currently the most important growth engines in the world economy.Private capital flows collapsed, leaving the global South with an overall deficit in financing. Greater official financing flows have not yet been able to compensate for the shortfalls and the slow increase in private capital flows since the end of 2009 has not been able to do so either. Overall, according to the UN, more capital flows from the South to the North than vice versa. The South thus continues to finance the North.Discussions regarding a reform of the global financial and economic order are ongoing but to date have had little impact on developing countries. The international financing institutions do have more funds at their disposal, but developing countries are still under-represented. The IMF and the World Bank have begun to question some of their previous dogmas. Opinions are divided on whether one can already speak of a new policy.The debate on the role of taxation in the mobilisation of local resources for development financing has intensified. Insight favouring comprehensive reforms of the taxation systems in developing countries has sharpened, but technical aid provided by industrialised countries to realise these reforms is still insufficient. Taxation is acquiring growing recognition as an instrument of State-building, democratisation and governance. The campaign to deal with international tax evasion and illicit capital flows is gaining momentum and the exchange of information on tax issues has improved. However, it is difficult to establish newer and more trenchant instruments for improved transparency, given the predominant

  13. Greenhouse gas mitigation can reduce sea-ice loss and increase polar bear persistence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amstrup, Steven C.; Deweaver, E.T.; Douglas, D.C.; Marcot, B.G.; Durner, G.M.; Bitz, C.M.; Bailey, D.A.

    2010-01-01

    and beyond the Arctic. ?? 2010 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  14. Metagenomic analysis of a permafrost microbial community reveals a rapid response to thaw

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacKelprang, R.; Waldrop, M.P.; Deangelis, K.M.; David, M.M.; Chavarria, K.L.; Blazewicz, S.J.; Rubin, E.M.; Jansson, J.K.

    2011-01-01

    Permafrost contains an estimated 1672????????Pg carbon (C), an amount roughly equivalent to the total currently contained within land plants and the atmosphere. This reservoir of C is vulnerable to decomposition as rising global temperatures cause the permafrost to thaw. During thaw, trapped organic matter may become more accessible for microbial degradation and result in greenhouse gas emissions. Despite recent advances in the use of molecular tools to study permafrost microbial communities, their response to thaw remains unclear. Here we use deep metagenomic sequencing to determine the impact of thaw on microbial phylogenetic and functional genes, and relate these data to measurements of methane emissions. Metagenomics, the direct sequencing of DNA from the environment, allows the examination of whole biochemical pathways and associated processes, as opposed to individual pieces of the metabolic puzzle. Our metagenome analyses reveal that during transition from a frozen to a thawed state there are rapid shifts in many microbial, phylogenetic and functional gene abundances and pathways. After one week of incubation at 5 ??C, permafrost metagenomes converge to be more similar to each other than while they are frozen. We find that multiple genes involved in cycling of C and nitrogen shift rapidly during thaw. We also construct the first draft genome from a complex soil metagenome, which corresponds to a novel methanogen. Methane previously accumulated in permafrost is released during thaw and subsequently consumed by methanotrophic bacteria. Together these data point towards the importance of rapid cycling of methane and nitrogen in thawing permafrost. ?? 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  15. Sequential deposition as a route to high-performance perovskite-sensitized solar cells

    KAUST Repository

    Burschka, Julian

    2013-07-10

    Following pioneering work, solution-processable organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites - such as CH 3 NH 3 PbX 3 (X = Cl, Br, I) - have attracted attention as light-harvesting materials for mesoscopic solar cells. So far, the perovskite pigment has been deposited in a single step onto mesoporous metal oxide films using a mixture of PbX 2 and CH 3 NH 3 X in a common solvent. However, the uncontrolled precipitation of the perovskite produces large morphological variations, resulting in a wide spread of photovoltaic performance in the resulting devices, which hampers the prospects for practical applications. Here we describe a sequential deposition method for the formation of the perovskite pigment within the porous metal oxide film. PbI 2 is first introduced from solution into a nanoporous titanium dioxide film and subsequently transformed into the perovskite by exposing it to a solution of CH 3 NH 3 I. We find that the conversion occurs within the nanoporous host as soon as the two components come into contact, permitting much better control over the perovskite morphology than is possible with the previously employed route. Using this technique for the fabrication of solid-state mesoscopic solar cells greatly increases the reproducibility of their performance and allows us to achieve a power conversion efficiency of approximately 15 per cent (measured under standard AM1.5G test conditions on solar zenith angle, solar light intensity and cell temperature). This two-step method should provide new opportunities for the fabrication of solution-processed photovoltaic cells with unprecedented power conversion efficiencies and high stability equal to or even greater than those of today\\'s best thin-film photovoltaic devices. © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  16. CanWalk: a feasibility study with embedded randomised controlled trial pilot of a walking intervention for people with recurrent or metastatic cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsianakas, Vicki; Ream, Emma; Van Hemelrijck, Mieke; Purushotham, Arnie; Mucci, Lorelei; Green, James S A; Fewster, Jacquetta; Armes, Jo

    2017-01-01

    Objectives Walking is an adaptable, inexpensive and accessible form of physical activity. However, its impact on quality of life (QoL) and symptom severity in people with advanced cancer is unknown. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a community-based walking intervention to enhance QoL in people with recurrent/metastatic cancer. Design We used a mixed-methods design comprising a 2-centre RCT and nested qualitative interviews. Participants Patients with advanced breast, prostate, gynaecological or haematological cancers randomised 1:1 between intervention and usual care. Intervention The intervention comprised Macmillan's ‘Move More’ information, a short motivational interview with a recommendation to walk for at least 30 min on alternate days and attend a volunteer-led group walk weekly. Outcomes We assessed feasibility and acceptability of the intervention and RCT by evaluating study processes (rates of recruitment, consent, retention, adherence and adverse events), and using end-of-study questionnaires and qualitative interviews. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) assessing QoL, activity, fatigue, mood and self-efficacy were completed at baseline and 6, 12 and 24 weeks. Results We recruited 42 (38%) eligible participants. Recruitment was lower than anticipated (goal n=60), the most commonly reported reason being unable to commit to walking groups (n=19). Randomisation procedures worked well with groups evenly matched for age, sex and activity. By week 24, there was a 45% attrition rate. Most PROMs while acceptable were not sensitive to change and did not capture key benefits. Conclusions The intervention was acceptable, well tolerated and the study design was judged acceptable and feasible. Results are encouraging and demonstrate that exercise was popular and conveyed benefit to participants. Consequently, an effectiveness RCT is warranted, with some modifications to the

  17. Stabilization of Leidenfrost vapour layer by textured superhydrophobic surfaces

    KAUST Repository

    Vakarelski, Ivan Uriev

    2012-09-12

    In 1756, Leidenfrost observed that water drops skittered on a sufficiently hot skillet, owing to levitation by an evaporative vapour film. Such films are stable only when the hot surface is above a critical temperature, and are a central phenomenon in boiling. In this so-called Leidenfrost regime, the low thermal conductivity of the vapour layer inhibits heat transfer between the hot surface and the liquid. When the temperature of the cooling surface drops below the critical temperature, the vapour film collapses and the system enters a nucleate-boiling regime, which can result in vapour explosions that are particularly detrimental in certain contexts, such as in nuclear power plants. The presence of these vapour films can also reduce liquid-solid drag. Here we show how vapour film collapse can be completely suppressed at textured superhydrophobic surfaces. At a smooth hydrophobic surface, the vapour film still collapses on cooling, albeit at a reduced critical temperature, and the system switches explosively to nucleate boiling. In contrast, at textured, superhydrophobic surfaces, the vapour layer gradually relaxes until the surface is completely cooled, without exhibiting a nucleate-boiling phase. This result demonstrates that topological texture on superhydrophobic materials is critical in stabilizing the vapour layer and thus in controlling-by heat transfer-the liquid-gas phase transition at hot surfaces. This concept can potentially be applied to control other phase transitions, such as ice or frost formation, and to the design of low-drag surfaces at which the vapour phase is stabilized in the grooves of textures without heating. © 2012 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

  18. Investigations on the adsorbents for uremic middle molecular toxins (II)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Hong

    2001-01-01

    [1]Yu, Z. Y., Blood Purification, 2nd ed., Beijing: Modern Publishing House, 1994, 273.[2]Babb, A., Popovich, R., Christopher, T. et al., The genesis of the square meter-hour hypothesis, Trans. Am. Soc. Artif. Intern. Organs., 1971, 17: 81.[3]Babb, A., Farrell-ell, R., Uvelli, D. et al., Hemodialyzer evaluation by examination of solute molecular spectra, Trans. Am.Soc. Artif. Intern. Organs., 1972, 18: 98.[4]Babb, A., Strand, H., Uvelli, D. et al., Quantitative description of dialysis treatment: A dialysis index, Kidney Int., 1975, 5:23.[5]Scribner, G. E., The search for the uremic toxin(s), Kidney Int., 1975, 7: 270-274.[6]Giovanetti, S., Barsotti G., Uremic intoxication, Nephron., 1975, 14: 123.[7]Zimmerman, L., Jornvall, H., Bergstrom, J. et al., Characterization of middle molecule compounds, Int. J. Attif. Organs (Suppl.), 1980, 4: 33.[8]Yuan, Z., Zhang, J., Zhao, F. Z. et al., Isolation and preliminary characterization of properties of middle molecules from sera of uremic patients, Chemical Journal of Chinese Universities (in Chinese), 1989, 10:401.[9]Yuan, Z., He, B. L., The proposal and advances of middle molecule hypothesis, Ion Exchange and Adsorption (in Chinese),1997, 13(1): 98.[10]Chu, J. G., Yuan, Z., Teng, X. L. et al., Separation and analysis of middle molecular substances from both of uremic and normal sera, Science in China, Series B (in Chinese), 2000, 30(3): 250.[11]Ftlrst, P., Bergstrom, J., Gordon, A. et al., Separation of peptides of “middle molecular” weight from biological fluids of patients with uremia, Kidney Int., 1975, 7: 272.[12]Zimmerman, L., Baldesten, A., Bergstrom, J. et al., Isotachophoretic separation of middle molecule peptides in uremic body fluids, Clin. Nephrol., 1980, 13: 183.[13]Mabuchi, H., Nakahashi, H., Medium-sized peptides in the blood of patients with uremia, Nephrol., 1983, 33: 232.[14]Mabuchi, H., Nakahashi, H., Profiling of urinary medium sized peptides in

  19. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1995-07-01

    Full Text Available -Dennis Walder, Robert D. Hamner, Derek Walcott. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1993. xvi + 199 pp.''Critical perspectives on Derek Walcott. Washington DC: Three continents, 1993. xvii + 482 pp. -Yannick Tarrieu, Lilyan Kesteloot, Black writers in French: A literary history of Negritude. Translated by Ellen Conroy Kennedy. Washington DC: Howard University Press, 1991. xxxiii + 411 pp. -Renée Larrier, Carole Boyce Davies ,Out of the Kumbla: Caribbean women and literature. Trenton NJ: Africa World Press, 1990. xxiii + 399 pp., Elaine Savory Fido (eds -Renée Larrier, Evelyn O'Callaghan, Woman version: Theoretical approaches to West Indian fiction by women. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1993. viii + 126 pp. -Lisa Douglass, Carolyn Cooper, Noises in the blood: Orality, gender and the 'vulgar' body of Jamaican popular culture. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1993. ix + 214 pp. -Christine G.T. Ho, Kumar Mahabir, East Indian women of Trinidad & Tobago: An annotated bibliography with photographs and ephemera. San Juan, Trinidad: Chakra, 1992. vii + 346 pp. -Eva Abraham, Richenel Ansano ,Mundu Yama Sinta Mira: Womanhood in Curacao. Eithel Martis (eds.. Curacao: Fundashon Publikashon, 1992. xii + 240 pp., Joceline Clemencia, Jeanette Cook (eds -Louis Allaire, Corrine L. Hofman, In search of the native population of pre-Colombian Saba (400-1450 A.D.: Pottery styles and their interpretations. Part one. Amsterdam: Natuurwetenschappelijke Studiekring voor het Caraïbisch Gebied, 1993. xiv + 269 pp. -Frank L. Mills, Bonham C. Richardson, The Caribbean in the wider world, 1492-1992: A regional geography. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. xvi + 235 pp. -Frank L. Mills, Thomas D. Boswell ,The Caribbean Islands: Endless geographical diversity. New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1992. viii + 240 pp., Dennis Conway (eds -Alex van Stipriaan, H.W. van den Doel ,Nederland en de Nieuwe Wereld. Utrecht: Aula, 1992. 348 pp., P.C. Emmer, H.PH. Vogel (eds

  20. Preface

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baldev Arora

    2009-06-01

    ., Macmillan et al., Matzka et al. describe magnetic observations
    in the region of the South Atlantic anomaly. This is the region between
    Africa and South America where Earth’s main magnetic field is depressed causing
    localized space weather hazards (some described in Macmillan et al., especially
    satellite outages. Korte et al. describes the installation of new magnetic observatories
    in Bolivia, Namibia and St Helena, and Macmillan et al. describe two older
    magnetic observatories located on Ascension Island and Port Stanely.
    Repeat station surveys are a way of measuring the secular variation of main field.
    Matzka et al. contains a detailed report of a repeat station survey in this region at
    Tristan da Cunha Island. They also describe the drawbacks of repeat station surveys
    and prefer a magnetic observatory in the region which will be established for the
    SWARM satellite mission. However, Korte et al. show that when nothing else exists
    repeat stations are still a good way of obtaining secular variation data. They describe
    the addition of several repeat stations in the South Atlantic anomaly area in
    Africa.
    Torta et al. and Korte et al. also describe efforts being made to create an unmanned
    magnetic observatory, which would have INTERMAGNET standards.
    The Guest Editors wish to thank Enkelejda Qamili for her assistance during the
    session in Perugia, the numerous referees who reviewed the papers and the Editorial
    office of Annals of Geophysics for their continued support and encouragement in
    bring out this special issue of the Journal.

  1. Reseñas de Libros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Alcalde Güelfo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Achcar, Gilbert, El choque de barbaries, terrorismo y desorden mundial. Barcelona, Icaria-Antrazyt, 2007, 197 pp.Páginas 213-214Daniel Alcalde GüelfoDel Arco Blanco, Miguel Ángel, Hambre de Siglos. Mundo rural y apoyos sociales del franquismo en Andalucía Oriental (1936-1951. Granada, Comares Historia, 2007, 513 pp.Páginas 214-217Mª Candelaria Fuentes NavarroBen-Ghiat, Ruth; Fuller, Mia (eds., Italian Colonialism. New York, Palgrave MacMillan, 2005, 266 pp.Páginas 217-219Karl J. TrybusBlack, Edwin, IBM y el Holocausto: La alianza estratégica entre la Alemania nazi y la más poderosa corporación norteamericana. Buenos Aires, Atlántida, 2001, 508 pp.Páginas 219-220Flavia PascarielloCasassas, Jordi (coord., La construcción del presente. El mundo desde 1848 hasta nuestros días. Barcelona, Ariel, 2005, 696 pp.Páginas 220-223Alfonso Pinilla GarcíaFerguson, Niall, La guerra del mundo. Los conflictos del siglo XX y el declive de Occidente (1904-1953. Barcelona, Debate, 2007, 888 pp.Páginas 223-225David Molina RabadánGentile, Emilio, Fascismo di pietra. Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2007, 284 pp.Páginas 225-227Jan NelisKelly, Eamonn, La década decisiva. Tres escenarios para el futuro del mundo. Barcelona, Granica, 2007, 318 pp.Páginas 227-228David Molina RabadánLuzzatto, Sergio, The Body of Il Duce: Mussolini’s Corpse and the Fortunes of Italy. New York, Metropolitan Books, 2005, 258pp.Páginas 228-230Karl J. TrybusSánchez Blanco, Ángel, Organización Intermunicipal. Madrid, Iustel, Biblioteca de Derecho Municipal, 2006, 258 pp.Páginas 230-232José Joaquín Fernández AllesSantacreu Soler, José Miguel; Aura Murcia, Federico y Millán Llin, Vicente, El municipi del liberalisme: Sant Vicent del Raspeig 1806-1848. Simat de la Valldigna, Edicions La Xarxa, 2004, 156 pp.Páginas 232-235Antonio J. Piqueres Díez

  2. Informing the patient about a fatal disease: from paternalism to autonomy--the Jewish view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosner, Fred

    2004-01-01

    Until the late 20th century, withholding a fatal diagnosis functioned as a paradigm for sharing other medical information with patients. The obligation of confidentiality was emphasized and disclosure was ignored. Ethicists perceived the doctor-patient relationship as oriented to therapy, reassurance, and avoiding harm. Physicians were to provide lies and truth instrumentally only insofar as they aided therapy (Jameton, A. Information disclosure. Ethical issues. In Encyclopedia of Bioethics. Revised Ed.; Reich, T.N.T., Ed.; MacMillan: New York, 1995; Vol. 3, 1225-1232). This was the era of paternalism. Since the 1960s, opinion on the role of disclosure was changed rapidly in the United States stimulated by the patient's rights movement and the rise of bioethics. The current climate supports honest and complete disclosure of medical information. In 1972, the Board of Trustees of the American Hospital Association affirmed A Patient's Bill of Rights, which states that the patient has the right to obtain from his physician complete current information concerning his diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis in terms the patient can be reasonably expected to understand (Lee, A.L.; Jacobs, G. Workshop airs patient's rights. Hospitals 1973, 47, 39-43). Bioethicists now favor full disclosure as a means of respecting patient autonomy (Katz, J. The Silent World of Doctor and Patient; Free Press: New York, 1984). The American College of Physician Ethics Manual states that disclosure to patients is a fundamental ethical requirement (American College of Physicians. American College of Physicians Ethics Manual, 3rd Ed. Ann. Intern. Med. 1992, 117, 947-960). The era of patient autonomy ended the traditional pattern of withholding information, which was characteristic of the previous era of paternalism. The Jewish view toward full disclosure of a fatal illness to a patient and especially a patient who is terminally ill is in general a negative one because of the fear that the patient

  3. Addressing future challenges for cancer services: part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maher, Jane; Radford, Gina

    2016-02-01

    Jane Maher & Gina Radford speak to Gemma Westcott, Commissioning Editor Jane Maher has been Macmillan's Chief Medical Officer since 1999 and now shares the role as Joint Chief Medical Officer with general practitioner Rosie Loftus, reflecting the growing need for specialists and generalists to work more effectively together. She has been an National Health Service (NHS) improvement clinical leader for over 10 years and is a Consultant Clinical Oncologist at Mount Vernon Cancer Centre and Hillingdon Hospital where she has worked for more than 20 years, during which she helped develop nonsurgical oncology services in five district general hospitals. She is a senior Clinical Lecturer at University College London and Visiting Professor in Cancer and Supportive Care at the Centre for Complexity Management at the University of Hertfordshire. Jane chaired the Maher Committee for the Department of Health in 1995, led the UK National Audit of Late Effects Pelvic Radiotherapy for the Royal College of Radiologists (RCR) in 2000 and, most recently, chaired the National Cancer Survivorship Initiative Consequences of Treatment work stream. She co-founded one of the first Cancer Support and Information services in the UK, winning the Nye Bevan award in 1992 and there are now more than 60 units based on this model. She is a member of the Older People and Cancer Clinical Advisory Group. She has written more than 100 published articles and is a UK representative for cancer survivorship in Europe and advises on cancer survivorship programs in Denmark and Canada. Gina Radford is Deputy Chief Medical Officer for England, a post she took up in January 2015. Prior to that, she has held a number of roles in public health, at local and regional level. Most recently she was Centre Director for Anglia and Essex for Public Health England, and as a part of that role helped lead nationally on the public health response to Ebola. She was until very recently Chair of one of the NICE public health

  4. Evaluation of automated global mapping of Reference Soil Groups of WRB2015

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mantel, Stephan; Caspari, Thomas; Kempen, Bas; Schad, Peter; Eberhardt, Einar; Ruiperez Gonzalez, Maria

    2017-04-01

    review. 2 Hengl T, de Jesus JM, MacMillan RA, Batjes NH, Heuvelink GBM, et al. (2014) SoilGrids1km — Global Soil Information Based on Automated Mapping. PLoS ONE 9(8): e105992. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0105992

  5. Analysis of the strengthening and toughening of a biomaterial interface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG; Fan

    2001-01-01

    [1]Currey, J. D., Mechanical properties of mother of pearl in tension, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, 1977, 196: 443—463.[2]Jackson, A. P., Vincent, J. F. V., Turner, R. M., The mechanical design of nacre, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B., 1988, 234: 415—440.[3]Wang, R. Z., Wen, H. B., Cui, F. Z. et al., Observations of damage morphologies in nacre during deformation and fracture, J. Mater. Sci., 1995, 30: 2299—2304.[4]Smith, B. L., Schaffer, T. E., Viani, M. et al., Molecular mechanistic origin of the toughness of natural adhesives, fibres and composites, Nature, 1999, 399: 761—763.[5]Addadi, L., Weiner, S., A pavement of pearl, Nature, 1997, 389: 912—915.[6]Schaffer,T. E., Ionescu-Zantti, C., Fritz, M. et al., Does abalone nacre form by heteroepiaxial nucleation or by growth through mineral bridges? Chem. Mater., 1997, 9: 1731—1740.[7]Vincent, J. F. V., Structural Biomaterials, New York; The Macmillan Press Ltd, 1982.[8]Song, F., Bai, Y. L., Effects of mineral bridges on the mechanical properties of nacre, Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica (in Chinese), 2000, 21(Special Issue): 171—176.[9]Szuromi, P., Microstructural engineering of materials, Science, 1997, 277: 1183—1183.[10]Heuer, A. H., Fink, D. J., Laraia, J. L. et al., Innovative materials processing strategies: a biomimetic approach, Science, 1992, 255: 1098—1105.[11]Stupp, S. I., Braun, P. V., Molecular manipulation of microstructure: biomaterials, ceramics, and semiconductors, Science, 1997, 277: 1242—1248.[12]Watabe, N., Crystal growth of calcium carbonate in the invertebrates, Prog. Crystal Growth Charact., 1981, 4: 99—147.[13]Clegg, W. J., Kendall, K., Alford, N. M. et al., A simple way to make tough ceramics, Nature, 1990, 347: 455—457.[14]Jackson, A. P., Vincent, J. F. V., Briggs, D. et al., Application of surface analytical techniques to the study fracture surface of mother-of pearl, J. Mater. Science Letters, 1986, 5: 975—980.[15

  6. Similar healthy osteoclast and osteoblast activity on nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite and nanoparticles of tri-calcium phosphate compared to natural bone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MacMillan AK

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Adam K MacMillan,1 Francis V Lamberti,1 Julia N Moulton,2 Benjamin M Geilich,2 Thomas J Webster2,3 1RTI Surgical, Alachua, FL, USA; 2Department of Chemical Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA; 3Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Abstract: While there have been numerous studies to determine osteoblast (bone forming cell functions on nanocrystalline compared to micron crystalline ceramics, there have been few studies which have examined osteoclast activity (including tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, formation of resorption pits, size of resorption pits, and receptor activator of nuclear factor κB [RANK]. This is despite the fact that osteoclasts are an important part of maintaining healthy bone since they resorb bone during the bone remodeling process. Moreover, while it is now well documented that bone formation is enhanced on nanoceramics compared to micron ceramics, some have pondered whether osteoblast functions (such as osteoprotegerin and RANK ligand [RANKL] are normal (ie, non-diseased on such materials compared to natural bone. For these reasons, the objective of the present in vitro study was to determine various functions of osteoclasts and osteoblasts on nanocrystalline and micron crystalline hydroxyapatite as well as tri-calcium phosphate materials and compare such results to cortical and cancellous bone. Results showed for the first time similar osteoclast activity (including tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase, formation of resorption pits, size of resorption pits, and RANK and osteoblast activity (osteoprotegerin and RANKL on nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite compared to natural bone, whereas osteoclast and osteoblast functions on micron crystalline versions of these ceramics were much different than natural bone. In this manner, this study provides additional evidence that nanocrystalline calcium phosphates can serve as suitable synthetic

  7. Synthesis and catalytic activity of Ln(III) complexes with an unsymmetrical Schiff base including multigroups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAO; Kemin; (

    2003-01-01

    [1]Elder, R. C., Tridentate and unsymmetrical tetradentate Schiff base ligands from salicylaldehydes and dimeric nickel(II) complexes, Aust. J. Chem., 1978, 31:35-45.[2]Atkins, R., Brewer, G., Kokot, G. et al., Copper(II) and nickel(II) complexesof unsymmetrical tetradentate Schiff base ligand, Inorg. Chem., 1985, 24: 127-134.[3]Meng Qingjin, Wang Ruixue, Bu Xiuren et al., New Ni (II) complexes with mixedtrimeric double Schiff ligands, Chemical Journal of Chinese Universities (in Chinese), 1990, 10: 1126-1130.[4]Yao Kemin, Zhou Wen, Lu Gui et al., Synthesis, mechanism and NMR spectra of lanthanide complexes with a novel unsymmetrical Schiff base, Science in China, Series B, 1999, 42(2): 164-169.[5]Yao Kemin, Li Ning, Huang Qiaohong et al., Synthesis and catalytic activity of novel heteronuclear Ln(III)-Cu(II) complexes with noncyclic polyether-amino acid Schiff base, Science in China, Series B, 1999, 42 (1) : 54-81.[6]Li Ning, Yao Kemin, Lou Kaiyan, Synthesis of La(III), Y(III) complexes with polyglycol aldehyde-amino acid Schiff base and their high resolution solid state 13C NMR spectra, Science in China, Series B, 1999, 42(6): 599-604.[7]Lam Berf, J. B., Shurvell, H. F., Verbet, L. et al., Organic Structural Analysis, New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. Inc., 1975, 234-250.[8]Yao Kemin, Cai Lezhen, Shen Liangfang et al., Synthesis and characterization of lanthanide perchlorates with noncyclic polyethylene glycols and their 13C-NMRspectra, Polyhedron, 1992,11(7): 2245-2251.[9]Dewar, M. J. S., Zoebisch, E. G., Healy, E. F., AM1: A new general purpose quantum mechanical molecular model, J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 1985, 107: 3902-3909.[10]Feifer, P., Avnjr, D., Chemistry in noninteger dimensions between two and three, I. Fractal theory of heterogeneous surfaces, J. Chem. Phys., 1983, 79(7): 3558-3565.[11]Yang Haifeng, Wang Hui, Duan Jinxia et al., Ab initio research of organic ligand Schiff base 4-[(2-hydroxyphenyl) imine]-2

  8. Application of ray-traced tropospheric slant delays to geodetic VLBI analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmeister, Armin; Böhm, Johannes

    2017-02-01

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA GSFC) (Eriksson and MacMillan in http://lacerta.gsfc.nasa.gov/tropodelays, 2016) with respect to the analysis performances in terms of BLR results. If tropospheric gradient estimation is included in the analysis, 51.3% of the baselines benefit from the RADIATE ray-traced delays at sub-mm difference level. If no tropospheric gradients are estimated within the analysis, the RADIATE ray-traced delays deliver a better BLR at 63% of the baselines compared to the NASA GSFC ray-traced delays.

  9. 普惠金融语境下的农业政策性银行改革--机构创新、范式转换和立法完善%Reform of Agricultural Policy Bank in the Context of Inclusive Finance:Institutional Innovation,Paradigm Shift and Legislation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘怡达

    2014-01-01

    十八届三中全会提出发展普惠金融和推进政策性金融机构改革。农业政策性银行能够使农业“麦克米伦缺口”在一定程度上得到治理,对金融公平和普惠金融的实现具有不可替代的作用。但在中国农业政策性银行发展过程中,立法滞后、可持续发展能力欠缺以及业务狭隘等困境已日渐成为其服务“三农”的掣肘。因此,必须通过机构创新、范式转换和立法完善等途径推进农业政策性银行改革,构建多元化的普惠政策性银行体系,实现政策性金融向开发性金融转型。%Advancing the reform of policy financial institutions and the development of Inclusive Finance has been put forward in the 3rd Plenary Session of 18th Party Central Committee . The agricultural policy bank is playing an irreplaceable role in the realization of finance justice Inclusive Finance for it may remedy the Macmillan Gap to some extent .However ,In the course of development of agricultural policy bank , legislation lag , lacking the ability of the sustainable development and business narrow have been serious factors to restrict its development .T herefore ,it is very necessary to push forward the agricultural policy bank reform by organization innovation ,paradigm shift and perfect legislation , that is to say , constructing the diversified system of policy bank and realizing the transformation from policy financing to development financing .

  10. Time Series Analysis of SOLSTICE Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wen, G.; Cahalan, R. F.

    2003-12-01

    -499, 1999. Fröhlich, C. and J. Lean, IAU Symposium 185: New Eyes to See Inside the Sun and Stars, edited by F. L. Deubner, 82-102, Kluwer Academic Publ., Dordrecht, The Netherland, 1998. Haykin, S., 696 pp, Macmillan, New York, 1994. Kennel, M. B. and H. D. I. Abarbanel, Phys. Rev. E 66, 026209, 2002. Krivova, N. A., S. K. Solanki, M. Fligge, and Y. C. Unruh, 399, L1-L4, 2003. Lean, J., Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys., 35, 33-67, 1997.

  11. The calcar femorale: a tale of historical neglect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newell, R L

    1997-01-01

    The term calcar femorale (originally referring to a bony spur projecting into the cancellous tissue of the base of the femoral neck) differs from most anatomical terms in that it has developed separate meanings in different areas of use. In particular, its present meaning for most orthopedic surgeons differs from its classical anatomical significance. This work shows that the classical, "textbook" anatomical interpretation-usually attributed to Merkel (1874, cited by Harty, 1957, J. Bone Joint Surg. [Am.] 39:625-630)-is not entirely correct, being based on an incomplete appreciation of the true nature of the three-dimensional structure of the upper end of the femur. Though Humphry (1858, A Treatise on the Human Skeleton, Cambridge, England: Macmillan) was aware of the importance of the third dimension, it was the largely neglected work of Dixon (1910, J. Anat. Physiol., 44:223-230), itself published to draw attention to the ideas of Krause (1909, in Bardeleben's Handbuch der Anatomie des Menschen, Jena: Gustav Fischer), which indicated the true nature of the calcar femorale and the limitations of Merkel's view. Dixon's work has been developed and consolidated by others such as Garden (1961, J. Bone Joint Surg. [Br.] 43:576-589), who was apparently unaware of Dixon, just as Dixon himself appears to have been unaware of the work of Bigelow (1875, published in Bigelow, 1900, The Mechanisms of Dislocations and Fracture of the Hip, Boston: Little, Brown), which pre-empted one of his major concepts. Even earlier work by Bigelow (1869, published in Bigelow; 1900, The Mechanisms of Dislocations and Fracture of the Hip, Boston: Little, Brown) appears to have pre-empted that of Merkel. The adoption of the three-dimensional, "Dixon concept" of the bony anatomy of the upper end of the femur leads to an entirely different set of structural engineering analogies from those two-dimensional ones which have become commonplace since the work of Ward (1838, cited by Garden, 1961, J

  12. REVIEWS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonella Cagnolati

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Articoni, A. (2014. La sua barba non è poi così blu. Immaginario collettivo e violenza misogina nella fiaba di Perrault.  Roma: Aracne.Antonella CagnolatiBosna, V. (2013. Storie di solidarietà «al femminile». Gli Istituti Assistenziali: alcune realtà a confronto. Roma: Aracne.Antonella CagnolatiCantón, I., y Pino, M. (Coords. (2014. Organización de centros educativos en la sociedad del conocimiento.Madrid: Alianza. Santiago Pérez-AldeguerDe Juanas Oliva, Á. (2014. Educación social en los centros penitenciarios. Madrid: UNED. Javier Páez GallegoDebè, A. (2013. Crescere in un Villaggio. L’OSEA di Reggio Emilia: genesi e sviluppo di un servizio educativo (1951-2012. Lecce: Pensa Multimedia Editore.Valentina MustoneFerrer Aledo, J. (2013. La enseñanza superior en Mahón. Menorca: Institut Menorquí d’Estudis - IES Joan Ramis i Ramis – Ajuntament de Maó. Sara González GómezGroves, T. (2014. Teachers and the Struggle for Democracy in Spain, 1970-1985. London: Palgrave Macmillan.José Luis Hernández HuertaHernández Díaz, J. M. (coord.. (2014. Influencias italianas en la educación española e iberoamericana. Salamanca: FahrenHouse.José Luis Hernández HuertaHugonnier, B. (2013. Le déclin de l’école républicaine. France: Les editions du net.Patricia Quiroga UcedaLabrune-Badiane, C., de Suremain, M-A. y Bianchini, P. (coords. (2014. L’école en situation postcoloniale. París: L’Harmattan y Laboratoire SEDET.  Miquel ReynésLázaro Lorente, L. (Ed.. 2013. Lecturas de Educación Comparada e Internacional. Valencia: Universidad de Valencia.Alfonso Diestro FernándezMustone, V. (2013. Voci di infanzia. La storia della Colonia Agricola Luceria Nova. Roma: Aracne. Antonella CagnolatiPinna, G. (2012. Introduzione a SCHILLER. Roma. Laterza.  Melina KrimkerVázquez Ramil, R. (2014. La mujer en la Segunda República española. Madrid: Akal (Col. Akal: Historia del Mundo, nº 85.Ángel Serafín Porto Ucha

  13. Application of ray-traced tropospheric slant delays to geodetic VLBI analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmeister, Armin; Böhm, Johannes

    2017-08-01

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center (NASA GSFC) (Eriksson and MacMillan in http://lacerta.gsfc.nasa.gov/tropodelays, 2016) with respect to the analysis performances in terms of BLR results. If tropospheric gradient estimation is included in the analysis, 51.3% of the baselines benefit from the RADIATE ray-traced delays at sub-mm difference level. If no tropospheric gradients are estimated within the analysis, the RADIATE ray-traced delays deliver a better BLR at 63% of the baselines compared to the NASA GSFC ray-traced delays.

  14. Private equity and venture capitalists' investment criteria in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Zinecker

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available For investment decision making to be rational, the existence of investment criteria is required. In the theory of financial management, the effectiveness of investment is traditionally judged by the degree to which an investment proposal contributes to achieving the main financial goal of business, i.e. market value maximization of the firm.So far, potential businesses for Private Equity and Venture Capital financing in the Czech Republic have not had information regarding investment criteria and their significance, when considered by investors, at their disposal, which is due to absence of relevant research results.This article presents results of the research project whose aim is to establish which criteria are considered to perform an essential role in the selection of business proposals by firms investing Private Equity and Venture Capital in the Czech Republic as well as the most common reasons for rejecting the proposals. Based on practical experience of financing by Private Equity and Venture Capital, the research made it possible to identify the most significant criteria, namely characterization of mana­gement, market, product and the rate of investment capital appreciation. The results of the research are consequently compared with findings which were published in similar studies undertaken in the past (e.g. Tyebjee, Bruno, 1984; Fried, Hisrich, 1994; MacMillan et al., 1985, 1987; Muzyka et al., 1996; Eisele, 2002.The research supports the thesis that, when considering business proposals, above-average weight is attached to criteria concerning the characterization of management, i.e. experience and competencies in all stages of business life cycle. Nevertheless, the fulfilment of the criteria is not sufficient for investors to evaluate a business proposal positively. They also place an emphasis on selected criteria related to market and product. By publishing empirical data, an important signal regarding up-to-date evaluative criteria

  15. Debating the viability of ethnicity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vilna Bashi

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] Immigration and the Political Economy of Home: West Indian Brooklyn and American Indian Minneapolis, 1945-1992. RACHEL BUFF. Berkeley: University of Califomia Press, 2001. xv + 240 pp. (Paper US$ 18.95 Black Cuban, Black American: A Memoir. EVELIO GRILLO. Houston TX: Arte Püblico Press, 2000. xvi + 134 pp. (Paper US$ 13.95 West Indian in the West: Self Representations in an Immigrant Community. PERCY C. HINTZEN. New York: New York University Press, 2001. x + 200pp. (Paper US$ 18.50 Caribbean Families in Britain and the Transatlantic World. HARRY GOULBOURNE & MARY CHAMBERLAIN (eds.. Oxford UK: Macmillan, 2001. xvi + 270 pp. (Paper £15.50 Legacies: The Story of the Immigrant Second Generation. ALEJANDRO PORTES & RUBÉN G. RUMBAUT. Berkeley: University of Califomia Press/ New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2001. xxiv + 406 pp. (Paper US$ 19.95 "Ethnicity" and its meaning, both as an identity and as a resilient cultural influence, has dominated late twentieth-century social scientific analyses of the process of immigrant incorporation. Perhaps we may mark the crowning of the term with the publication of Glazer and Moynihan's The Melting Pot, one famous tome that "explained" varying "assimilation" outcomes among the "new" (post-1965 newcomers by examining their ethnic culture for flaws or strengths that justified socioeconomic failure or success. Muddying the ensuing policy debate was the use of buzzwords, like mainstream, deviant, assimilated, minority, black matriarch, absent father, and underclass, that were themselves categorizing and hierarchical. The tautology of hierarchically labeling groups and then asking why groups with different labels have different outcomes seems to be perpetually invisible to the parties in the assimilation debate, but the debate itself rages on. Newer scholarship has added a different voice to that debate, arguing that variance in "assimilation" is instead explained by incorporation into

  16. Invariant line and crystallography of HCP→BCC precipitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    [1]Luo,C.P.,Weatherly,G.C.,The precipitation behavior of a Zr-2.5%wt.%pct Nb alloy,Metall.Trans.,1988,19A: 1153-1162.[2]Lang,J.M.,Dahmen,U.,Westmacott,K.H.,The origin of Mo2C precipitate morphology in molybdenum,Phys.Stat.Sol.(a),1983,75: 409-420.[3]Luo,C.P.,Dahmen,U.,Wesmacott,K.H.,Morphology,and crestallography of precipitates in a Cu-0.33wt.%Cr alloy,Acta Metall.,1994,42,1923-1932.[4]Luo,C.P.,Wu,D.X.,Xiao,X.L.,Crystallography of the BCCFCC transformation in a Cr-10wt.%Ni alloy,Abstract (Letters) of Science and Technology of China,1996,2 (10): 121-127.[5]Xiao,X.L.,Luo,C.P.,Nie,J.F.,Morphology and crystallography of β-(Mg17Al12) precipitate in an AZ91 magnesium-aluminum alloy,Acta Metall.Sinica,2001,in press.[6]Wechsler,M.S.,Lieberman,D.S.,Read,T.A.,On the theory of formation of martensite,Trans.Am.Inst.Min.Engrs.,1953,197: 1503-1515.[7]Bowles,J.S.,Mackenzine,J.K.,The crystallography of martensite transformation,Acta Metall.,1954,2: 129-147.[8]Wayman,C.M.,Introduction to the Crystallography of Martensitic Transformations,New York: Macmillan Co.,1964.76-80.[9]Luo,C.P.,Weatherly,G.C.,The invariant line and precipitation in a Ni-25wt.%Cr alloy,Acta Metall.,1987,35: 1963-1972.[10]Luo,C.P.,Xiao,X.L.,Wu,D.X.,Invariant line strain theory and its application to the crystallography of solid-state phase transformations,Progress in Natural Science,2000,10(3): 193-200.[11]Luo,C.P.,Weatherly,G.C.,The interphase boundary structure of precipitates in a Ni-Cr alloy,Philos.Mag.,1988,58: 445-462.[12]Luo,C.P.,Dahmen,U.,Interface structure of faceted lath-shaped Cr precipitates in a Cu-0.33wt.%Cr alloy,Acta Metall.,1998,46: 2063-2081.

  17. Availability of Information About Lifestyle for Cancer Survivors in England: A Review of Statutory and Charitable Sector Organizations and Cancer Centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Kate; Fisher, Abigail; Beeken, Rebecca J; Wardle, Jane

    2015-03-09

    Health behavior change following a cancer diagnosis has the potential to improve long-term outcomes. However, many patients do not receive professional advice about lifestyle and are therefore increasingly using the Internet to seek further information. The statutory and charitable sectors and cancer centers all play an important role in the provision of information and have been found to be favored by cancer survivors searching for information. However, to date there has been no systematic evaluation of the lifestyle information available online for cancer survivors. The purpose of this review was to identify the lifestyle information provided for cancer survivors by statutory and charitable sector organizations and cancer centers in the United Kingdom. We aimed to identify information on tobacco, physical activity, diet, weight, and alcohol designed for people who have been diagnosed with breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer. The National Health Service (NHS) website was the focus of the search for information provided by the statutory sector. Cancer centers were identified from the Organization of European Cancer Institutes and an Internet search, and charitable sector organizations were identified by searching the Charity Commission database. The three largest generic, breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer charitable organizations were included. A systematic search of the organizations was conducted to identify lifestyle information for cancer survivors. Ten organizations had some lifestyle information for cancer survivors on their websites. The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Macmillan Cancer Support, and Prostate Cancer UK had the most comprehensive guides, covering physical activity, diet, weight management, smoking, and alcohol. The NHS website did not provide any information but had a link to Cancer Research UK's information about diet. Eight organizations suggested talking to a health professional before making any changes. The majority of

  18. Economic cycles and their synchronization: Spectral analysis of macroeconomic series from Italy, The Netherlands, and the UK

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sella, Lisa; Vivaldo, Gianna; Ghil, Michael; Groth, Andreas

    2010-05-01

    economy of a country: Hallegatte and Ghil (Ecol. Econ., 2008) have shown that the presence of business cycles modifies substantially this impact with respect to their impact on an economy in or near equilibrium. The present work concludes with a study of the synchronization of economic fluctuations, which follows a similar study of macroeconomic indicators for the United States, presented in a nearby poster. Since business cycles are not country-specific phenomena, but show common characteristics across countries, our aim is to uncover hidden global behavior across the European economies (cf. Mazzi and Savio, Macmillan, 2006).

  19. 为什么小微企业融资缺口越来越大:一个理论分析%Why Small-and-Miniature Enterprises' Finance Gap is Becoming Larger and Larger: A Theory Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗仲伟; 任国良; 文春晖

    2012-01-01

    This paper, based on the view angle of "financing threshold", introduced the factor of risk aversion alternation of commercial bank during the period of its transition of property relations to the model of Heiner and Vercelli in order to analyze the reason why China's small-and-miniature enterprises' Macmillan Gap is broadened larger and larger. After IPO, the function and property of China's commercial bank had been obviously changed especially during the period from the year of 2005 to 2008, huge stated-owned commercial bank had cosmically gone through large recombination and IPO, which caused them to harden budget constraint, of risk management, hence caused them to exalt the requirement of risk aversion. This is cause small-and-miniature enterprises' Macmillan Gap becomes and advance the level the direct reason that larger and larger, and this also could radically drive up the financing threshold of China's small-and-miniature enterprises and cause the finance problem of small-and- miniature enterprises to be worse. In addition, during the transition period, due to the scarcity of self-recognition, the dynamic transition of social economic system and the difficulty of anticipating supervise institution on commer- cial bank, the financing threshold of small-and-miniature would be indirectly driven. The theory part of this paper shows the direct reason that restricts the allocation efficiency of the capital market is the additional credit threshold, so it will be direct and efficient to find some measures to reduce this credit threshold. Combining the theory model of this paper, we should at least take measures from some parts below to reduce the indirect part of credit threshold. Firstly, constructing small-and-miniature enterprises' information flat roof, only in this way, can our country's commercial bank reduce the indirect part of credit threshold. There are so many small-and-miniature enterprises in our country, and there are so many

  20. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1996-07-01

    Full Text Available -Bridget Brereton, Emilia Viotti Da Costa, Crowns of glory, tears of blood: The Demerara slave rebellion of 1823. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. xix + 378 pp. -Grant D. Jones, Assad Shoman, 13 Chapters of a history of Belize. Belize city: Angelus, 1994. xviii + 344 pp. -Donald Wood, K.O. Laurence, Tobago in wartime 1793-1815. Kingston: The Press, University of the West Indies, 1995. viii + 280 pp. -Trevor Burnard, Howard A. Fergus, Montserrat: History of a Caribbean colony. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1994. x + 294 pp. -John L. Offner, Joseph Smith, The Spanish-American War: Conflict in the Caribbean and the Pacific, 1895-1902. London: Longman, 1994. ix + 262 pp. -Louis Allaire, John M. Weeks ,Ancient Caribbean. New York: Garland, 1994. lxxi + 325 pp., Peter J. Ferbel (eds -Aaron Segal, Hilbourne A. Watson, The Caribbean in the global political economy. Boulder CO: Lynne Rienner, 1994. ix + 261 pp. -Aaron Segal, Anthony P. Maingot, The United States and the Caribbean. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1994. xi + 260 pp. -Bill Maurer, Helen I. Safa, The myth of the male breadwinner: Women and industrialization in the Caribbean. Boulder CO: Westview, 1995. xvi + 208 pp. -Peter Meel, Edward M. Dew, The trouble in Suriname, 1975-1993. Westport CT: Praeger, 1994. xv + 243 pp. -Henry Wells, Jorge Heine, The last Cacique: Leadership and politics in a Puerto Rican city. Pittsburgh PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993. ix + 310 pp. -Susan Eckstein, Jorge F. Pérez-López, Cuba at a crossroads: Politics and economics after the fourth party congress. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1994. xviii + 282 pp. -David A.B. Murray, Marvin Leiner, Sexual politics in Cuba: Machismo, homosexuality, and AIDS. Boulder CO: Westview, 1994. xv + 184 pp. -Kevin A. Yelvington, Selwyn Ryan ,Sharks and sardines: Blacks in business in Trinidad and Tobago. St. Augustine, Trinidad: Institute of social and economic studies, University of the West Indies, 1992

  1. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available -Leslie G. Desmangles, Joan Dayan, Haiti, history, and the Gods. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995. xxiii + 339 pp. -Barry Chevannes, James T. Houk, Spirits, blood, and drums: The Orisha religion in Trinidad. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1995. xvi + 238 pp. -Barry Chevannes, Walter F. Pitts, Jr., Old ship of Zion: The Afro-Baptist ritual in the African Diaspora. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. xvi + 199 pp. -Robert J. Stewart, Lewin L. Williams, Caribbean theology. New York: Peter Lang, 1994. xiii + 231 pp. -Robert J. Stewart, Barry Chevannes, Rastafari and other African-Caribbean worldviews. London: Macmillan, 1995. xxv + 282 pp. -Michael Aceto, Maureen Warner-Lewis, Yoruba songs of Trinidad. London: Karnak House, 1994. 158 pp.''Trinidad Yoruba: From mother tongue to memory. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1996. xviii + 279 pp. -Erika Bourguignon, Nicola H. Götz, Obeah - Hexerei in der Karibik - zwischen Macht und Ohnmacht. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1995. 256 pp. -John Murphy, Hernando Calvo Ospina, Salsa! Havana heat: Bronx Beat. London: Latin America Bureau, 1995. viii + 151 pp. -Donald R. Hill, Stephen Stuempfle, The steelband movement: The forging of a national art in Trinidad and Tobago. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995. xx + 289 pp. -Hilary McD. Beckles, Jay R. Mandle ,Caribbean Hoops: The development of West Indian basketball. Langhorne PA: Gordon and Breach, 1994. ix + 121 pp., Joan D. Mandle (eds -Edmund Burke, III, Lewis R. Gordon ,Fanon: A critical reader. Oxford: Blackwell, 1996. xxi + 344 pp., T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting, Renée T. White (eds -Keith Alan Sprouse, Ikenna Dieke, The primordial image: African, Afro-American, and Caribbean Mythopoetic text. New York: Peter Lang, 1993. xiv + 434 pp. -Keith Alan Sprouse, Wimal Dissanayake ,Self and colonial desire: Travel writings of V.S. Naipaul. New York : Peter Lang, 1993. vii + 160 pp., Carmen Wickramagamage (eds

  2. Guidelines for Authors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Demir

    2016-06-01

    . As’ad Abukhalil, “Maronites,” in Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. Philip Mattar, 2nd ed., vol. 3 (New York: Macmillan Reference, 2004, 1491-92.2. Abukhalil, “Maronites,” 1492.Bibliography: Abukhalil, As’ad. “Maronites.” In Encycloedia or the Modern Middle East and North Africa. Edited by Philip Mattar. 2nd ed. Vol. 3. New York: Macmillan Reference, 1491-92.    DISSERTATIONFor theses and dissertations, the following order should be followed: name of the author and surname, full title of thesis in italics, thesis type, the name of the university and date.1. Mihwa Choi, “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty” (PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2008, 55.2. Choi, “Contesting Imaginaires,” 59. Bibliography: Choi, Mihwa. “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty.” PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2008. Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide:http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html 

  3. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available -Stanley L. Engerman, Heather Cateau ,Capitalism and slavery fifty years later: Eric Eustace Williams - A reassessment of the man and his work. New York: Peter Lang, 2000. xvii + 247 pp., S.H.H. Carrington (eds -Philip D. Morgan, B.W. Higman, Writing West Indian histories. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1999. xiv + 289 pp. -Daniel Vickers, Alison Games, Migration and the origins of the English Atlantic world. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1999. xiii + 322 pp. -Christopher L. Brown, Andrew Jackson O'Shaughnessy, An empire divided: The American revolution and the British Caribbean. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000. xviii + 357 pp. -Lennox Honychurch, Samuel M. Wilson, The indigenous people of the Caribbean. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1997. xiv + 253 pp. -Kenneth Bilby, Bev Carey, The Maroon story: The authentic and original history of the Maroons in the history of Jamaica 1490-1880. St. Andrew, Jamaica: Agouti Press, 1997. xvi + 656 pp. -Bernard Moitt, Doris Y. Kadish, Slavery in the Caribbean Francophone world: Distant voices, forgotten acts, forged identities. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2000. xxiii + 247 pp. -Michael J. Guasco, Virginia Bernhard, Slaves and slaveholders in Bermuda, 1616-1782. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1999. xviii + 316 pp. -Michael J. Jarvis, Roger C. Smith, The maritime heritage of the Cayman Islands. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000. xxii + 230 pp. -Paul E. Hoffman, Peter R. Galvin, Patterns of pillage: A geography of Caribbean-based piracy in Spanish America, 1536-1718. New York: Peter Lang, 1999. xiv + 271 pp. -David M. Stark, Raúl Mayo Santana ,Cadenas de esclavitud...y de solidaridad: Esclavos y libertos en San Juan,siglo XIX. Río Piedras: Centro de Investigaciones Sociales, Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1997. 204 pp., Mariano Negrón Portillo, Manuel Mayo López (eds -Ada Ferrer, Philip A. Howard, Changing history: Afro-Cuban Cabildos and

  4. STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION STYLES OF MALAYSIAN, THAI AND HUNGARIAN MIDDLE MANAGERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maheshkumar P. Joshi

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a need for more comparative empirical research that examines middle manager roles in strategic change. This paper reports a study of middle managers in two dynamic settings: the Asia/Pacific region – Malaysia and Thailand; and Central/Eastern Europe – Hungary. Results of 213 respondents across three countries indicate that middle managers from all three tend toward use of authoritarian management styles even in proactive strategic change situations. However, Hungarians are less likely to use these styles than Thai and Malaysian middle managers. For all three countries, managers with less work experience were found to have lower tendencies to use an authoritarian style of implementation. When top managers exhibit an aggressive strategic posture, middle-managers from all three countries are also less likely to use an authoritarian style.Firms that want to stay competitive in the global market place must continuously evolve by successfully accomplishing strategic change (Struckman & Yammarino 2003. Although senior managers are critical in leading the strategic change process, even the best-planned strategic changes will not achieve their full potential unless they are well implemented. Part of the strategic leadership responsibility, therefore, includes establishing a climate in which the organization's rank and file will experience both a positive attitude about change and the confidence to actively seek change opportunities (Kanter 2003. Research attention is bringing more insight into the important roles of middle-managers in this process of implementing strategic change (Balogun & Jenkins 2003; Floyd & Wooldridge, 1992, 1994; Wooldridge & Floyd 1990. Although there is little doubt that active support by middle managers is critical for the strategies to be well implemented (Guth & MacMillan 1986, there remain many important questions with regard to how middle managers participate in this process (Balogun 2003.The need for research

  5. Estimation of the Probable Maximum Flood for a Small Lowland River in Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banasik, K.; Hejduk, L.

    2009-04-01

    ., Byczkowski A., Gładecki J., 2003: Prediction of T-year flood discharge from a small river basin using direct and indirect methods. Annals of Warsaw Agricultural University - SGGW, Land Reclamation, No 34, p. 3 - 8. 2.Nash J.E., 1957. The form of the instantaneous unit hydrograph. Publ. IAHS, nr 59, p.202-213. 3.Ozga-Zielińska M. & Ozga-Zielinski B., 2003. The floodgenerativity of rivers as a measure of danger for hydrotechnical structures and determination of flood protection zones (in Polish with English summary). Gospodarka Wodna, no 1, p. 10-17. 4.Shalaby A.,I., 1995. Sensitivity to probable maximum flood. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering. Vol. 121, No. 5, p. 327-337. 5.USDA-SCS (Soil Conservation Service), 1986. TR-55: Urban hydrolgy for small watershed. Wasington, D.C. 6.Wilson E.M., 1993. Engineering hydrology. MacMillan, London.

  6. Tales of sociology and the nursing curriculum: revisiting the debates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aranda, Kay; Law, Kate

    2007-08-01

    The relationship between nursing and sociology has been extensively debated for more than two decades [Cox, C.A., 1979. Who cares? Nursing and sociology: the development of a symbiotic relationship. Journal of Advanced Nursing 4, 237-252; Cooke, H., 1993. Why teach sociology? Nurse Education Today 13, (3) 210-216; Sharpe, K., 1994. Sociology and the nursing curriculum: a note of caution. Journal of Advanced Nursing 20, (2) 391-395; Sharpe, K., 1995. Why indeed should we teach sociology? A response to Hannah Cooke. Nurse Education Today 15, (1) 52-55; Sharpe, K., 1996. Feedback - sociology and the nursing curriculum: a reply to Sam Porter. Journal of Advanced Nursing 23, (7) 1275-1278; Balsamo, D., Martin, S.I., 1995a. Developing the sociology of health in nurse education: towards a more critical curriculum. Part 1. Andragogy and sociology in Project 2000. Nurse Education Today 15, 427-432; Balsamo, D., Martin, S.I., 1995b. Developing the sociology of health in nurse education: towards a more critical curriculum. Part 2. Linking methodology and epistemology. Nurse Education Today 15, 427-432; Porter, S., 1995. Sociology and the nursing curriculum: a defence. Journal of Advanced Nursing 21, (6) 1130-1135; Porter, S., 1996. Why teach sociology? A contribution to the debate. Nurse Education Today, 16, 170-174; Porter, S., 1997. Sociology and the nursing curriculum: a further comment. Journal of Advanced Nursing 26, (1) 214-218; Porter, S., 1998. Social Theory and Nursing Practice. Macmillan, Basingstoke; Corlett, J., 2000. The perceptions of nurse teacher, student nurses and preceptors of the theory-practice gap in nurse education. Nurse Education Today 20, 499-505; Allen, D., 2001. Review article: nursing and sociology: an uneasy marriage?. Sociology of Health and Illness 23, (3) 386-396; Pinikahana, J., 2003. Role of sociology within the nursing enterprise: some reflections on the unfinished debate. Nursing and health Sciences 5, (2) 175-180; Holland, K., 2004

  7. Locally primitive Cayley graphs of finite simple groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FANG; Xingui

    2001-01-01

    . et al., Composition factors from the group ring and Artin's theorem on orders of simple groups, Proc. London Math. Soc. (3), 990, 60(): 89.[17]Kleidman, P. B., The maximal subgroups of the finite 8-dimensional orthogonal groups PΩ+8(q) and of their automorphism groups, J. Algebra, 987, 0(): 73.[18]Hall, M. Jr., The Theory of Groups, New York: MacMillan, 959.[19]Wielandt, H., Finite Permutation Groups, New York: Academic Press, 964.[20]. Weiss, R., An application of p-factorization methods to symmetric graphs, Math. Proc. Camb. Phil. Soc., 979, 85() :43.

  8. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nico G. Schulte Nordholt

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available - Timothy P. Barnard, Raja Ali Haji, Di dalam berkekalan persahabatan: ‘In everlasting friendship’; Letters from Raja Ali Haji, edited by Jan van der Putten and Al Azhar. Semaian 13. Leiden: Department of Languages and Cultures of Southeast Asia and Oceania, 1995, 292 + x pp., maps. - Robert Blust, L. Smits, Irian Jaya source materials, no. 5, series B-no. 2. The J.C. Anceaux collection of wordlists of Irian Jaya Languages. A: Austronesian languages (part II. Leiden/Jakarta, 1992, 288 pp., C.L. Voorhoeve (eds. - Peter Boomgaard, Mason C. Hoadley, Towards a feudal mode of production; West Java, 1680-1800. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies [ in cooperation with the Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, Copenhagen], 1994, x + 241 pp. - Freek Colombijn, Muriel Charras, Spontaneous settlements in Indonesia; Agricultural pioneers in southern Sumatra. Migrations spontanées en Indonésie; La colonisation agricole de sud de Sumatra. Jakarta: Departemen Transmigrasi; Paris: ORSTOM-CNRS, 1993, 405 pp., Marc Pain (eds. - Dick Douwes, Hussin Mutalib, Islam, Muslims and the modern state; Case-studies of Muslims in thirteen countries. London: MacMillan; New York: St. Martin Press, 1994, 374 pp., Taj ul-Islam Hashimi (eds. - J. van Goor, H.W. van den Doel, De stille macht; Het Europse binnenlands bestuur op Java en Madoera, 1808-1942. Amsterdam: Bert Bakker, 1994, 578 pp. - Stuart Kirsch, J.W. Schoorl, Culture and change among the Muyu. Translated by G.J. van Exel. Translation Series 23. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1993, xiv + 322 pp. - Bernd Nothofer, Ger P. Resink, Topics in descriptive Papuan linguistics. Leiden: Vakgroep Talen en Culturen van Zuidoost-Azië en Oceanië, Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden, 1994, viii + 154 pp. - Gerard Persoon, Robin Broad, Plundering paradise; The struggle for the environment in the Philippines. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993, xvi + 197 pp., John Cavanagh (eds. - Gerard Persoon, Thomas N. Headland

  9. Reseñas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HC Reseñas

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available LE CROM, Jean-Pierre y MARTIN, Jean-Clément. Vérité historique, vérité judiciaire (Droit et société ns 38. París, 1998. STEINBERG,J. Why Swüzerland? Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1996. GOLDHAGEN, Daniel Jonah. Los verdugos voluntarios de Hitler. Los alemanes corrientes y el holocausto. Madrid, Taurus, 1997. RHODES, M., HEYWOOD, P. y WRIGHT, V. Developments in West European Politics. Londres, Macmillan Press, 1997. FUSI, Juan Pablo y PALAFOX, Jordi. España, 1808-1996. El desafío de la modernidad. Madrid, Espasa, 1997. CRUZ, Rafael y PÉREZ LEDESMA, Manuel (eds.. Cultura y movilización en la España contemporánea. Madrid, Alianza, 1997. TUSELL, Javier, MONTERO, Feliciano y MARÍN, José María (eds.. Las derechas en la España contemporánea. Barcelona, Anthropos-UNED, 1997. LÓPEZ MORA, Fernando. Pobreza y acción social en Córdoba, 1750-1900. Córdoba, Diputación Provincial, 1997. TOSCAS Y SANTAMANS, Eliseu. L'Estat i els poders locáis a la Catalunya del segle XIX. Una visto desde Sarria (1780-1860. Barcelona, Publicacions de L'Abadía de Montserrat, 1997. SABIO ALCUTÉN, Alberto. Los montes públicos en Huesca, 1850-1930. Huesca, Instituto de Estudios Altoaragoneses,1998. ZURITA ALDEGUER, Rafael. Notables, políticos y clientes. La política conservadora en Alicante. 1875-1898. Alicante, Instituto de Cultura "Juan Gil Albert", 1996. JULIA, Santos. Los socialistas en la política española. 1879-1982. Madrid, Taurus, 1997. MARTÍN RAMOS, José Luis. Historia de la Unión General de Trabajadores. Volumen II: Historia de UGT (1914-1930. Madrid, Publicaciones Unión y Centro de Estudios Históricos, 1998. CASTILLO, Santiago. Historia de la Unión General de Trabajadores. Volumen I: Hacia la mayoría de edad (1888-1914. Madrid, Publicaciones Unión y Centro de Estudios Históricos, 1998. Cien años después. Colección dirigida por Juan Pablo FUSI. Madrid, Biblioteca Nueva, 1996, 1997 y 1998. LUIS MARTÍN, Francisco de y

  10. BOOK REVIEW An Introduction to Relativity An Introduction to Relativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dray, Tevian

    2011-02-01

    cosmology, a formula for Lorentz transformations in an arbitrary direction, and numerous discussions of early work in the field, complete with original references. My only real quibble with this book (apart from the use of signature (+ - - -) is that, without comment, it makes some rather sophisticated assumptions about the reader. Chapter 1, the self-described `crash course' in special relativity, expects the reader to be comfortable with standard but nontrivial manipulations of Maxwell's equations, with hyperbolic trigonometry, and to be able to comprehend a statement that Newton's first law `remains as it is' in special relativity, without any statement of the law itself. Tensor notation is also introduced much too quickly in this chapter, although this topic is revisited later in more detail. These are not unreasonable assumptions about the intended audience, who are likely to be graduate students in physics or workers in the field. But the addition of a few explanatory remarks, or an explicit statement of the intended audience, might have encouraged the less experienced reader to keep reading. In summary, this is an excellent book, which researchers in relativity will treasure for its historical perspective. Instructors of a first course in general relativity who are seeking a `math first' approach should definitely take a look, although they should be prepared to explain some missing details in the presentation. References [1] Narlikar J V 1979 Lectures on General Relativity and Cosmology (London: Macmillan) [2] Narlikar J V 2002 An Introduction to Cosmology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

  11. Effects of Mineral Phosphorous Fertilization and cd Loading on cd Translocation from Soil to Corn (Zea mays L.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    László, Márton, ,, Dr.

    2010-05-01

    monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risk to humans, vol 58. Lyon. Márton L. 2004. Annual Report. RISSAC. Budapest. 10 p. Meagher, D. 1991. The Macmillan Dictionary of The Australian Environment, Macmillan Education Australia Pty Ltd. National Environment Protection Council (NEPC). 1998. National Environment Protection Measure for the National Pollutant Inventory (accessed, May, 1999) New Jersey Department of Health (NDH), Right to Know Program. 1986. TRIFacts, Cadmium (accessed, May, 1999) NTP Chemical Repository, Radian Corporation, Cadmium. 1991. (accessed, May, 1999) Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA). 1992. Occupational exposure to cadmium. Department of Labour. 42102-42427. Richardson, M. 1992. Dictionary of Substances and their Effects, Royal Society of Chemistry, Clays Ltd, England. Risk Assessment Information System (RAIS). 1991. Toxicity summary for cadmium. Chemical Hazard Evaluation and Communication Group, Biomedical and Environmental Information Analysis Section, Health and Safety Research Division. Sittig, M. 1991. Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens, 3rd edition, Noyes Publications, USA. Technical Advisory Panel (TAP). 1999. Final Report to the National Environment Protection Council. US Department of Health and Human Services. 1990. NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, Publication No. 90-117. Worksafe Australia (WA). 1996. Exposure Standard Cadmium and compounds (as Cd) (accessed, May, 1999) World Health Organisation (WHO). 1992. Environmental Health Criteria 134 - Cadmium International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) Monograph. World Health Organisation (WHO). 2001. Safety evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants. Fifty-fifth meeting of the joint FAO/WHO expert committee on feed additives, Toxicological monographs, WHO food additives series No 46. WHO. Geneva.

  12. Cumhuriyet İlahiyat Dergisi Akademik Yazım Kılavuzu /Cumhuriyet Theology Journal Guidelines for Authors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah

    2016-12-01

    February 28, 2010. doi:10.1086/599247. ENCYCLOPEDIA ENTRIES For encylopedia entries, the author’s name and surname are written first. These are followed by the title of the entry in quotation marks, the full name of the encyclopedia, , the place and date of publication, its volume number and page numbers: 1. As’ad Abukhalil, “Maronites,” in Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa, ed. Philip Mattar, 2nd ed., vol. 3 (New York: Macmillan Reference, 2004, 1491-92. 2. Abukhalil, “Maronites,” 1492. Bibliography: Abukhalil, As’ad. “Maronites.” In Encycloedia or the Modern Middle East and North Africa. Edited by Philip Mattar. 2nd ed. Vol. 3. New York: Macmillan Reference, 1491-92. DISSERTATION For theses and dissertations, the following order should be followed: name of the author and surname, full title of thesis in italics, thesis type, the name of the university and date. 1. Mihwa Choi, “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty” (PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2008, 55. 2. Choi, “Contesting Imaginaires,” 59. Bibliography: Choi, Mihwa. “Contesting Imaginaires in Death Rituals during the Northern Song Dynasty.” PhD diss., University of Chicago, 2008.

  13. Fault Control on Copper Depositsin the Sar Cheshmeh Area Indicated by Remote Sensing & Geographic Information Systems (GIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hojjat Ollah Safari

    2016-07-01

    Iran. Sabins, F.F., 1996. Remote sensing principle and interpretation. Macmillan Education Australia, New York, 494 pp. Safari, H., Pirasteh, S. and Shattri, B.M., 2011. Role of Kazerun Fault for Localizing Oil Seepage in the Zagros Mountains, Iran: an Application of GiT. International Journal of Remote sensing, 32(1: 1-16. Shafiei, B., 2010. Lead isotope signatures of the igneous rocks and porphyry copper deposits from the Kerman Cenozoic magmatic arc (SE Iran, and their magmatic-metallogenetic implication. Ore Geology Reviews, 38: 27-36. Zarasvandi, A.R., 2004. Geology and genesis of the Darreh-Zerreshk and Ali-Abad copper deposits, Southwest of Yazd, based on fluid inclusion and isotope studies. Ph.D. Thesis, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran, 280 pp.

  14. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available -Martin Baier, Han Knapen, Forests of fortune?; The environmental history of Southeast Borneo, 1600-1880. Leiden: The KITLV Press, 2001, xiv + 487 pp. [Verhandelingen 189] -Jean-Pascal Bassino, Per Ronnas ,Entrepreneurship in Vietnam; Transformations and dynamics. Copenhagen: Nordic Institute of Asian Studies (NIAS and Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2001, xii + 354 pp., Bhargavi Ramamurty (eds -Adriaan Bedner, Renske Biezeveld, Between individualism and mutual help; Social security and natural resources in a Minangkabau village. Delft: Eburon, 2001, xi + 307 pp. -Linda Rae Bennett, Alison Murray, Pink fits; Sex, subcultures and discourses in the Asia-Pacific. Clayton, Victoria: Monash Asia Institute, 2001, xii + 198 pp. [Monash Papers on Southeast Asia 53.] -Peter Boomgaard, Laurence Monnais-Rousselot, Médecine et colonisation; L'aventure indochinoise 1860-1939. Paris: CNRS Editions, 1999, 489 pp. -Ian Coxhead, Yujiro Hayami ,A rice village saga; Three decades of Green revolution in the Philippines. Houndmills, Basingstoke: MacMillan, 2000, xviii + 274 pp., Masao Kikuchi (eds -Robert Cribb, Frans Hüsken ,Violence and vengeance; Discontent and conflict in New Order Indonesia. Saarbrücken: Verlag für Entwicklungspolitik, 2002, 163 pp. [Nijmegen Studies in Development and Cultural Change 37.], Huub de Jonge (eds -Frank Dhont, Michael Leifer, Asian nationalism. London: Routledge, 2000, x + 210 pp. -David van Duuren, Joseph Fischer ,The folk art of Bali; The narrative tradition. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press, 1998, xx + 116 pp., Thomas Cooper (eds -Cassandra Green, David J. Stuart-Fox, Pura Besakih; Temple, religion and society in Bali. Leiden: KITLV Press, xvii + 470 pp. [Verhandelingen 193.] -Hans Hägerdal, Vladimir I. Braginsky ,Images of Nusantara in Russian literature. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1999, xxvi + 516 pp., Elena M. Diakonova (eds -Hans Hägerdal, David Chandler, A history of Cambodia (third edition. Boulder

  15. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1999-01-01

    : Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1993. xxvi + 321 pp. -Andrés Serbin, Jorge Rodríguez Beruff ,Security problems and policies in the post-cold war Caribbean. London: :Macmillan; New York: St. Martin's, 1996. 249 pp., Humberto García Muñiz (eds -Alex Dupuy, Irwin P. Stotzky, Silencing the guns in Haiti: The promise of deliberative democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997. xvi + 294 pp. -Carrol F. Coates, Myriam J.A. Chancy, Framing silence: Revolutionary novels by Haitian women. New Brunswick NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1997. ix + 200 pp. -Havidán Rodríguez, Walter Díaz, Francisco L. Rivera-Batiz ,Island paradox: Puerto Rico in the 1990's. New York: Russel Sage Foundation, 1996. xi + 198 pp., Carlos E. Santiago (eds -Ramona Hernández, Alan Cambeira, Quisqueya la Bella: The Dominican Republic in historical and cultural perspective. Armonk NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1996. xi + 272 pp. -Ramona Hernández, Emilio Betances ,The Dominican Republic today: Realities and perspectives. New York: Bildner Center for Western Hemisphere studies, CUNY, 1996. 205 pp., Hobart A. Spalding, Jr. (eds -Bonham C. Richardson, Eberhard Bolay, The Dominican Republic: A country between rain forest and desert. Wekersheim, FRG: Margraf Verlag, 1997. 456 pp. -Virginia R. Dominguez, Patricia R. Pessar, A visa for a dream: Dominicans in the United States. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1995. xvi + 98 pp. -Diane Austin-Broos, Nicole Rodriguez Toulis, Believing identity: Pentecostalism and the mediation of Jamaican ethnicity and gender in England. Oxford NY: Berg, 1997. xv + 304 p. -Mary Chamberlain, Trevor A. Carmichael, Barbados: Thirty years of independence. Kingston: Ian Randle Publishers, 1996. xxxv + 294 pp. -Paul van Gelder, Gert Oostindie, Het paradijs overzee: De 'Nederlandse' Caraïben en Nederland. Amsterdam: Bert Bakker, 1997. 385 pp. -Roger D. Abrahams, Richard D.E. Burton, Afro-Creole: Power, Opposition, and Play in the Caribbean. Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press, 1997. x

  16. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1993-07-01

    the Caribbean. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 1990. xviii + 398 pp. -Ellen M. Schnepel, Max Sulty ,La migration de l'Hindouisme vers les Antilles au XIXe siècle, après l'abolition de l'esclavage. Paris: Librairie de l'Inde, 1989. 255 pp., Jocelyn Nagapin (eds -Viranjini Munasinghe, Steven Vertovec, Hindu Trinidad: Religion, ethnicity and socio-economic change. -Alvina Ruprecht, Selwyn R. Cudjoe, Caribbean women writers: Essays from the first international conference. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1990. xv + 382 pp. -J. van Donselaar, Michiel van Kempen et al, Nieuwe Surinaamse verhalen. Paramaribo: De Volksboekwinkel, 1986. 202 pp.''Suriname. De Gids 153:791-954. Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 1990. -J. van Donselaar, Literatuur in Suriname: nieuwe, nog niet eerder gepubliceerde verhalen en gedichten van Surinaamse auteurs. Preludium 5(3: 1-80. Michiel van Kempen (compiler. Breda: Stichting Preludium, 1988.''Verhalen van Surinaamse schrijvers. Michiel van Kempen (compiler. Amsterdam: De Arbeiderspers. 1989. 248 pp.''Hoor die tori! Surinaamse vertellingen. Michiel van Kempen (compiler. Amsterdam: In de Knipscheer, 1990. 267 pp. -Beth Craig, Francis Byrne ,Development and structures of creole languages: Essays in honor of Derek Bickerton. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1991. x + 222 pp., Thom Huebner (eds -William W. Megenney, John M. Lipski, The speech of the negros congos of Panama. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1989. vii + 159 pp. -Hein D. Vruggink, Clare Wolfowitz, Language, style and social space: Stylistic choice in Suriname Javanese. Champaign; University of Illinois Press, 1992. viii + 265 pp. -Keith A.P. Sandiford, Brian Douglas Tennyson, Canadian-Caribbean relations: Aspects of a relationship. Sydney, Nova Scotia: Centre for international studies, 1990. vii + 379 pp. -Gloria Cumper, Philip Sherlock ,The University of the West Indies: A Caribbean response to the challenge of change. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1990. viii + 315 pp

  17. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1992-07-01

    Full Text Available -Jay B. Haviser, Jerald T. Milanich ,First encounters: Spanish explorations in the Caribbean and the United States, 1492-1570. Gainesville FL: Florida Museum of Natural History & University Presses of Florida, 1989. 221 pp., Susan Milbrath (eds -Marvin Lunenfeld, The Libro de las profecías of Christopher Columbus: an en face edition. Delano C. West & August Kling, translation and commentary. Gainesville FL: University of Florida Press, 1991. x + 274 pp. -Suzannah England, Charles R. Ewen, From Spaniard to Creole: the archaeology of cultural formation at Puerto Real, Haiti. Tuscaloosa AL; University of Alabama Press, 1991. xvi + 155 pp. -Piero Gleijeses, Bruce Palmer Jr., Intervention in the Caribbean: the Dominican crisis of 1965. Lexington KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1989. -Piero Gleijeses, Herbert G. Schoonmaker, Military crisis management: U.S. intervention in the Dominican Republic, 1965. Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 1990. 152 pp. -Jacqueline A. Braveboy-Wagner, Fitzroy André Baptiste, War, cooperation, and conflict: the European possessions in the Caribbean, 1939-1945. Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 1988. xiv + 351 pp. -Peter Meel, Paul Sutton, Europe and the Caribbean. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1991. xii + 260 pp. -Peter Meel, Betty Secoc-Dahlberg, The Dutch Caribbean: prospects for democracy. New York: Gordon and Breach, 1990. xix + 333 pp. -Michiel Baud, Rosario Espinal, Autoritarismo y democracía en la política dominicana. San José, Costa Rica: Ediciones CAPEL, 1987. 208 pp. -A.J.G. Reinders, J.M.R. Schrils, Een democratie in gevaar: een verslag van de situatie op Curacao tot 1987. Assen, Maastricht: Van Gorcum, 1990. xii + 292 pp. -Andrés Serbin, David W. Dent, Handbook of political science research on Latin America: trends from the 1960s to the 1990s. Westport CT: Greenwood, 1990. -D. Gail Saunders, Dean W. Collinwood, The Bahamas between worlds. Decatur IL: White Sound Press, 1989. vii + 119 pp. -D. Gail Saunders, Dean

  18. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1994-07-01

    Halebsky ,Cuba in transition: Crisis and transformation. With Carolee Bengelsdorf, Richard L. Harris, Jean Stubbs & Andrew Zimbalist. Boulder CO: Westview, 1992. xi + 244 pp., John M. Kirk (eds -Michiel Baud, Andrés L. Mateo, Mito y cultura en la era de Trujillo. Santo Domingo: Librería La Trinitario/Instituto del Libro, 1993. 224 pp. -Edgardo Meléndez, Andrés Serbin, Medio ambiente, seguridad y cooperacíon regional en el Caribe. Caracas: Editorial Nueva Sociedad, 1992. 147 pp. -Dean W. Collinwood, Michael Craton ,Islanders in the stream: A history of the Bahamian people. Volume One: From Aboriginal times to the end of slavery. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1992. xxxiii + 455 pp., Gail Saunders (eds -Gary Brana-Shute, Alan A. Block, Masters of paradise: Organized crime and the internal revenue service in the Bahamas. New Brunswick NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1991. vii + 319 pp. -Michaeline Crichlow, Patrick Bryan, The Jamaican people 1880-1902. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1991. xiv + 300 pp. -Faye V Harrison, Lisa Douglass, The power of sentiment: Love, hierarchy, and the Jamaican family elite. Boulder CO: Westview, 1992. xviii + 298 pp. -Frank Jan van Dijk, Bob Marley, Songs of freedom: From 'Judge Not' to 'Redemption Song.' Kingston: Tuff Gong/Bob Marley Foundation / London : Island Records, 1992 (limited edition. 63 pp. + 4 compact discs. -Riva Berleant-Schiller, Veront M. Satchell, From plots to plantations: Land transactions in Jamaica, 1866-1900. Mona: University of the West Indies, 1990. xiii + 197 pp. -Hymie Rubenstein, Christine Barrow, Family, land and development in St. Lucia. Cave Hill, Barbados: Institute for social and economic studies (ISER, University of the West Indies, 1992. xii + 83 pp. -Bonham C. Richardson, Selwyn Ryan, Social and occupational stratification in contemporary Trinidad and Tobago. St. Augustine, Trinidad: ISER, 1991. xiv + 474 pp. -Bill Maurer, Roland Littlewood, Pathology and identity: The work of Mother Earth in Trinidad

  19. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available -Sidney W. Mintz, Paget Henry ,C.L.R. James' Caribbean. Durham: Duke University Press, 1992. xvi + 287 pp., Paul Buhle (eds -Allison Blakely, Jan M. van der Linde, Over Noach met zijn zonen: De Cham-ideologie en de leugens tegen Cham tot vandaag. Utrecht: Interuniversitair Instituut voor Missiologie en Oecumenica, 1993. 160 pp. -Helen I. Safa, Edna Acosta-Belén ,Researching women in Latin America and the Caribbean. Boulder CO: Westview, 1993. x + 201 pp., Christine E. Bose (eds -Helen I. Safa, Janet H. Momsen, Women & change in the Caribbean: A Pan-Caribbean Perspective. Bloomington: Indiana University Press; Kingston: Ian Randle, 1993. x + 308 pp. -Paget Henry, Janet Higbie, Eugenia: The Caribbean's Iron Lady. London: Macmillan, 1993. 298 pp. -Kathleen E. McLuskie, Moira Ferguson, Subject to others: British women writers and Colonial Slavery 1670-1834. New York: Routledge, 1992. xii + 465 pp. -Samuel Martínez, Senaida Jansen ,Género, trabajo y etnia en los bateyes dominicanos. Santo Domingo: Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo, Programa de Estudios se la Mujer, 1991. 195 pp., Cecilia Millán (eds -Michiel Baud, Roberto Cassá, Movimiento obrero y lucha socialista en la República Dominicana (desde los orígenes hasta 1960. Santo Domingo: Fundación Cultural Dominicana, 1990. 620 pp. -Paul Farmer, Robert Lawless, Haiti's Bad Press. Rochester VT: Schenkman Press, 1992. xxvii + 261 pp. -Bill Maurer, Karen Fog Olwig, Global culture, Island identity: Continuity and change in the Afro-Caribbean Community of Nevis. Chur, Switzerland: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1993. xi + 239 pp. -Viranjini Munasinghe, Kevin A. Yelvington, Trinidad Ethnicity. Knoxville: University of Tennesee Press, 1993. vii + 296 pp. -Kevin K. Birth, Christine Ho, Salt-water Trinnies: Afro-Trinidadian Immigrant Networks and Non-Assimilation in Los Angeles. New York: AMS Press, 1991. xvi + 237 pp. -Steven Gregory, Andrés Isidoro Pérez y Mena, Speaking with the dead

  20. Direct laboratory observation of fluid distribution and its influence on acoustic properties of patchy saturated rocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebedev, M.; Clennell, B.; Pervukhina, M.; Shulakova, V.; Mueller, T.; Gurevich, B.

    2009-04-01

    predictions of White's model. The results illustrate the non-unique relationships between saturation and velocity in sandstones dependent on texture and fluid displacement history: fuller understanding of these phenomena is needed for accurate assessment of time lapse seismic measurements, be they for oil and gas recovery or for CO2 disposal purposes. Gassmann, F., 1951, Elastic waves through a packing of spheres. Geophysics 16, 673-685; Mavko, G., T. Mukerji, and J. Dvorkin, 1998, The Rock Physics Handbook: Tools for seismic analysis in porous media: Cambridge University Press. Wood, A. W., 1955, A Textbook of Sound, The MacMillan Co., New York, 360 pp. Hill, R., 1963, Elastic properties of reinforced solids: some theoretical principles. J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 11, 357-372. Hill, R., 1952, The elastic behavior of crystalline aggregates. Proc. Physical Soc., London, A65, 349-354. J. Toms, T.M. Mueller, B. Gurevich, 2007 Seismic attenuation in porous rocks with random patchy saturation. Geophysical Prospecting, 55, 671-678.

  1. EDITORIAL: Sensitive structures: refractive indices in nanotechnology Sensitive structures: refractive indices in nanotechnology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demming, Anna

    2012-12-01

    . Express 19 22305-15 [12] Houstoun R A 1925 Kepler's law of refraction Math. Notes 23 1516 [13] Koestler A C 1959 The Sleepwalkers (London: Macmillan)

  2. 当代基督教神学与文学——大卫·贾斯帕教授访谈%Contemporary Christian Theology through Literature:An Interview with David Jasper

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡泓

    2008-01-01

    A Short Introduction to Hermeneutics (2004). His recent research focuses on such topics as "From Modernism to Postmodernism" (2003), "From Inter-discipline to Multidiscipline" (2003), "Literature: Critical Theory and Religious Studies" (2004), and "The Study of Literature and Theology" (2007). David Jasper is also editor of a series of books and journals, such as Studies in Literature and Religion, of which thirty volumes have been published by Macmillan, and the journal Literature and Theology. This interview took place after the summer institute on "Theology, Sinology and Cultural Studies" in Wenzhou, China, at which Jasper delivered a lecture entitled "Contemporary Christian Theology through the Arts and Culture." The interview is an extension of that lecture focusing more on the relationship between theology and postmodernist literature. According to Jasper, the meta-narrative of the Bible as a legitimating and unifying force is disintegrated on the one hand, so new ways should be adopted to "do theology." On the other hand there exist some similarities between Christian theology and postmodernism. Therefore, postmodernism is not a turn away from religion, but a return to certain very ancient religious ways. In either case, literature provides modern people with "a space" to revise their thinking and perception.

  3. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2004-07-01

    , and modernity in Dominican history. Stanford CA: Stanford University Press, 2003. x + 384 pp. -Eric Paul Roorda, Bernardo Vega, Almoina, Galíndez y otros crímenes de Trujillo en el extranjero. Santo Domingo: Fundación Cultural Dominicana, 2001. 147 pp.''Diario de una misión en Washington. Santo Domingo: Fundación Cultural Dominicana, 2002. 526 pp. -Gerben Nooteboom, Aspha Bijnaar, Kasmoni: Een spaartraditie in Suriname en Nederland. Amsterdam: Uitgeverij Bert Bakker, 2002. 378 pp. -Dirk H.A. Kolff, Chan E.S. Choenni ,Hindostanen: Van Brits-Indische emigranten via Suriname tot burgers van Nederland. The Hague: Communicatiebureau Sampreshan, 2003. 224 pp., Kanta Sh. Adhin (eds -Dirk H.A. Kolff, Sandew Hira, Het dagboek van Munshi Rahman Khan. The Hague: Amrit/Paramaribo: NSHI, 2003. x + 370 pp. -William H. Fisher, Neil L. Whitehead, Dark Shamans: Kanaimà and the poetics of violent death. Durham NC: Duke University Press, 2002. 309 pp. -David Scott, A.J. Simoes da Silva, The luxury of nationalist despair: George Lamming's fiction as decolonizing project. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2000. 217 pp. -Lyn Innes, Maria Cristina Fumagalli, The flight of the vernacular. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2001. xvi + 303 pp. -Maria Cristina Fumagalli, Tobias Döring, Caribbean-English passages: Intertextuality in a postcolonial tradition. London: Routledge, 2002. xii + 236 pp. -A. James Arnold, Celia Britton, Race and the unconscious: Freudianism in French Caribbean thought. Oxford: Legenda, 2002. 115 pp. -Nicole Roberts, Dorothy E. Mosby, Place, language, and identity in Afro-Costa Rican literature. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2003. xiii + 248 pp. -Stephen Steumpfle, Philip W. Scher, Carnival and the formation of a Caribbean transnation. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2003. xvi + 215 pp. -Peter Manuel, Frances R. Aparicho ,Musical migrations: transnationalism and cultural hybridity in Latin/o America, Volume 1. With Maria Elena Cepeda. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003. 216

  4. Risk Governance of Multiple Natural Hazards: Centralized versus Decentralized Approach in Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komendantova, Nadejda; Scolobig, Anna; Vinchon, Charlotte

    2014-05-01

    social sciences. The implementation of a multi-risk approach can be strengthened through the creation of multi-risk platforms and multi-risk commissions, which can liaise between risk management experts and local communities and to unify numerous actions on natural hazard management. However, the multi-risk approach cannot be a subsidiary to a single risk approach, and both have to be pursued. References: IRGC. (2011). Concept note: Improving the management of emerging risks: Risks from new technologies, system interactions, and unforeseen or changing circumstances. International Risk Governance Council (IRGC), Geneva. Kappes, M. S., Keiler, M., Elverfeldt, von K., & Glade, T, (2012). Challenges of analyzing multi-hazard risk: A review. Natural Hazards, 64(2), 1925-1958. doi: 10.1007/s11069-012-0294-2. Komendantova N, Scolobig A, Vinchon C (2013). Multi-risk approach in centralized and decentralized risk governance systems: Case studies of Naples, Italy and Guadeloupe, France. International Relations and Diplomacy, 1(3):224-239 (December 2013) Scolobig, A., Vichon, C., Komendantova, N., Bengoubou-Valerius, M., & Patt, A. (2013). Social and institutional barriers to effective multi-hazard and multi-risk decision-making governance. D6.3 MATRIX project. Selva, J. (2013). Long-term multi-risk assessment: statistical treatment of interaction among risks. Natural Hazards, 67(2),701-722. UNISDR. (2013). Implementing the HYOGO framework for action in Europe: Regional synthesis report 2011-2013. Verweij, M., & Thompson, M. (Eds.). (2006). Clumsy solutions for a complex world: Governance, politics, and plural perceptions. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. White, G., Kates, R., & Burton, I. (2001). Knowing better and losing even more: the use of knowledge in hazards management. Environmental Hazards, 3, 81-92.

  5. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2002-01-01

    invasion. New York: Viking, 1999. xix + 408 pp. -Alex Dupuy, John R. Ballard, Upholding democracy: The United States military campaign in Haiti, 1994-1997. Westport CT: Praeger, 1998. xviii + 263 pp. -Anthony Payne, Jerry Haar ,Canadian-Caribbean relations in transition: Trade, sustainable development and security. London: Macmillan, 1999. xxii + 255 pp., Anthony T. Bryan (eds -Bonham C. Richardson, Sergio Díaz-Briquets ,Conquering nature: The environmental legacy of socialism in Cuba. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2000. xiii + 328 pp., Jorge Pérez-López (eds -Neil L. Whitehead, Gérard Collomb ,Na'na Kali'na: Une histoire des Kali'na en Guyane. Petit Bourg, Guadeloupe: Ibis Rouge Editions, 2000. 145 pp., Félix Tiouka (eds -Neil L. Whitehead, Upper Mazaruni Amerinidan District Council, Amerinidan Peoples Association of Guyana, Forest Peoples Programme, Indigenous peoples, land rights and mining in the Upper Mazaruni. Nijmegan, Netherlands: Global Law Association, 2000. 132 pp. -Salikoko S. Mufwene, Ronald F. Kephart, 'Broken English': The Creole language of Carriacou. New York: Peter Lang, 2000. xvi + 203 pp. -Salikoko S. Mufwene, Velma Pollard, Dread talk: The language of Rastafari. Kingston: Canoe Press: Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press. Revised edition, 2000. xv + 117 pp.

  6. 3D-Digital soil property mapping by geoadditive models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papritz, Andreas

    2016-04-01

    account for nonlinear effects of covariates by fitting componentwise smooth, nonlinear functions to the covariates (additive terms). REML estimation of model parameters and computing best linear unbiased predictions (BLUP) builds in the geoAM framework on the fact that both geostatistical and additive models can be parametrized as linear mixed models Wand, 2003. For 3D-DSM analysis of soil data, it is natural to model depth profiles of soil properties by additive terms of soil depth. Including interactions between these additive terms and covariates of the spatial mean function allows to model spatially varying depth profiles. Furthermore, with suitable choice of the basis functions of the additive term (e.g. polynomial regression splines), non-constant support of the soil data can be taken into account. Finally, boosting (Bühlmann and Hothorn, 2007) can be used for selecting covariates for the spatial mean function. The presentation will detail the geoAM approach and present an example of geoAM for 3D-analysis of legacy soil data. Arrouays, D., McBratney, A. B., Minasny, B., Hempel, J. W., Heuvelink, G. B. M., MacMillan, R. A., Hartemink, A. E., Lagacherie, P., and McKenzie, N. J. (2014). The GlobalSoilMap project specifications. In GlobalSoilMap Basis of the global spatial soil information system, pages 9-12. CRC Press. Bishop, T., McBratney, A., and Laslett, G. (1999). Modelling soil attribute depth functions with equal-area quadratic smoothing splines. Geoderma, 91(1-2), 27-45. Bühlmann, P. and Hothorn, T. (2007). Boosting algorithms: Regularization, prediction and model fitting. Statistical Science, 22(4), 477-505. Kammann, E. E. and Wand, M. P. (2003). Geoadditive models. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series C: Applied Statistics, 52(1), 1-18. Kyriakidis, P. (2004). A geostatistical framework for area-to-point spatial interpolation. Geographical Analysis, 36(3), 259-289. Orton, T., Pringle, M., and Bishop, T. (2016). A one-step approach for modelling

  7. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available -Edward L. Cox, Judith A. Carney, Black rice: The African origin of rice cultivation in the Americas. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 2001. xiv + 240 pp. -David Barry Gaspar, Brian Dyde, A history of Antigua: The unsuspected Isle. Oxford: Macmillan Education, 2000. xi + 320 pp. -Carolyn E. Fick, Stewart R. King, Blue coat or powdered wig: Free people of color in pre-revolutionary Saint Domingue. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2001. xxvi + 328 pp. -César J. Ayala, Birgit Sonesson, Puerto Rico's commerce, 1765-1865: From regional to worldwide market relations. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center Publications, 200. xiii + 338 pp. -Nadine Lefaucheur, Bernard Moitt, Women and slavery in the French Antilles, 1635-1848. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001. xviii + 217 pp. -Edward L. Cox, Roderick A. McDonald, Between slavery and freedom: Special magistrate John Anderson's journal of St. Vincent during the apprenticeship. Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press, 2001. xviii + 309 pp. -Jaap Jacobs, Benjamin Schmidt, Innocence abroad: The Dutch imagination and the new world, 1570-1670. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. xxviii + 450 pp. -Wim Klooster, Johanna C. Prins ,The Low countries and the New World(s: Travel, Discovery, Early Relations. Lanham NY: University Press of America, 2000. 226 pp., Bettina Brandt, Timothy Stevens (eds -Wouter Gortzak, Gert Oostindie ,Knellende koninkrijksbanden: Het Nederlandse dekolonisatiebeleid in de Caraïben, 1940-2000. Volume 1, 1940-1954; Volume 2, 1954-1975; Volume 3, 1975-2000. 668 pp. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 2001., Inge Klinkers (eds -Richard Price, Ellen-Rose Kambel, Resource conflicts, gender and indigenous rights in Suriname: Local, national and global perspectives. Leiden, The Netherlands: self-published, 2002, iii + 266. -Peter Redfield, Richard Price ,Les Marrons. Châteauneuf-le-Rouge: Vents d'ailleurs, 2003. 127 pp., Sally Price (eds -Mary Chamberlain

  8. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available -Alan L. Karras, Lauren A. Benton, Law and colonial cultures: Legal regimes in world history, 1400-1900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. xiii + 285 pp. -Sidney W. Mintz, Douglass Sullivan-González ,The South and the Caribbean. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2001. xii + 208 pp., Charles Reagan Wilson (eds -John Collins, Peter Redfield, Space in the tropics: From convicts to rockets in French Guiana. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000. xiii + 345 pp. -Vincent Brown, Keith Q. Warner, On location: Cinema and film in the Anglophone Caribbean. Oxford: Macmillan, 2000. xii + 194 pp. -Ann Marie Stock, Jacqueline Barnitz, Twentieth-century art of Latin America. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2001. 416 pp. -Ineke Phaf, J.J. Oversteegen, Herscheppingen: De wereld van José Maria Capricorne. Emmastad, Curacao: Uitgeverij ICS Nederland/Curacao, 1999. 168 pp. -Halbert Barton, Frances R. Aparicio, Listening to Salsa: Gender, latin popular music, and Puerto Rican cultures. Hanover NH: Wesleyan University Press, 1998. xxi + 290 pp. -Pedro Pérez Sarduy, John M. Kirk ,Culture and the Cuban revolution: Conversations in Havana. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2001. xxvi + 188 pp., Leonardo Padura Fuentes (eds -Luis Martínez-Fernández, Damián J. Fernández, Cuba and the politics of passion. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2000. 192 pp. -Eli Bartra, María de Los Reyes Castillo Bueno, Reyita: The life of a black Cuban woman in the twentieth century. Durham NC: Duke University Press, 2000. 182 pp. -María del Carmen Baerga, Felix V. Matos Rodríguez, Women and urban change in San Juan, Puerto Rico, 1820-1868. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1999. xii + 180 pp. [Reissued in 2001 as: Women in San Juan, 1820-1868. Princeton NJ: Markus Weiner Publishers.] -Kevin A. Yelvington, Winston James, Holding aloft the banner of Ethiopa: Caribbean radicalism in early twentieth-century America. New York: Verso, 1998

  9. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available -Sandra L. Richards, Judy S.J. Stone, Theatre. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1994. xii + 268 pp. -Lowell Fiet, Errol Hill, The Jamaican stage, 1655-1900: profile of a colonial theatre. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1992. xiv + 346 pp. -Supriya Nair, Bruce King, V.S. Naipaul. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993. viii + 170 pp. -Agnes Lugo-Ortiz, Donald E. Rice, The rhetorical uses of the authorizing figure: Fidel Castro and José Martí. Westport CT: Praeger, 1992. xviii + 163 pp. -Graciella Cruz-Taura, Juan A. Martínez, Cuban art and national identity: The Vanguardia painters, 1927-1950. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1994. xiv + 189 pp. -Graciella Cruz-Taura, Luis Camnitzer, New art of Cuba. Austin; University of Texas Press, 1994. xxx + 400 pp. -Gary Brana-Shute, Richard Price ,On the mall: Presenting Maroon tradition-bearers at the 1992 festival of American folklife. Bloomington: Folklore Institute, Indiana University, 1994. xi + 123 pp., Sally Price (eds -Erika Bourguignon, Stephan Palmié, Das Exil der Götter: Geschichte und Vorstellungswelt einer afrokubanischen Religion. Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1991. vii + 520 pp. -Carla Freeman, Daniel Miller, Modernity, an ethnographic approach: Dualism and mass consumption in Trinidad. Oxford: Berg Publishers, 1994. 340 pp. -Daniel A. Segal, Kelvin Singh, Race and class: Struggles in a colonial state: Trinidad 1917-1945. Kingston; The Press - University of the West Indies, 1994. xxii + 284 pp. -Evelyne Huber, Patsy Lewis, Jamaica: Preparing for the twenty-first century. Kingston: Ian Randle, 1994. xvi + 272 pp. -Diane Vernon, Elisa Janine Sobo, One blood: The Jamaican body. Albany NY: State University of New York Press, 1993. vii + 329 pp. -Robert Myers, Patrick L. Baker, Centring the periphery: Chaos. order and the ethnohistory of Dominica. Kingston: The Press - University of the West Indies, 1994. xxviii + 251 pp. -Riva Berleant-Schiller, Debra Evenson, Revolution in the

  10. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available -Peter Hulme, Simon Gikandi, Writing in limbo: Modernism and Caribbean literature. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992. x + 260 pp. -Charles V. Carnegie, Alistair Hennessy, Intellectuals in the twentieth-century Caribbean (Volume 1 - Spectre of the new class: The Commonwealth Caribbean. London: Macmillan, 1992. xvii 204 pp. -Nigel Rigby, Anne Walmsley, The Caribbean artists movement, 1966-1972: A literary and cultural history. London: New Beacon Books, 1992. xx + 356 pp. -Carl Pedersen, Tyrone Tillery, Claude McKay: A black poet's struggle for identity. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1992. xii + 235 pp. -Simone Dreyfus, Irving Rouse, The Tainos: Rise and decline of the people who greeted Columbus. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992. xii + 211 pp. -Louis Allaire, Antonio M. Stevens-Arroyo, Cave of the Jagua: The mythological world of the Taino. Alburquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1988. xiii + 282 pp. -Irving Rouse, William F. Keegan, The people who discovered Columbus: The prehistory of the Bahamas. Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1992. xx + 279 pp. -Neil L. Whitehead, Philip P. Boucher, Cannibal encounters: Europeans and Island Caribs, 1492-1763. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1992. xii + 217 pp. -Peter Kloos, Kaliña, des amérindiens à Paris: Photographies du prince Roland. Présentées par Gérard Collomb. Paris: Créaphis, 1992. 119 pp. -Maureen Warner-Lewis, Alan Gregor Cobley ,The African-Caribbean connection: Historical and cultural perspectives. Bridgetown, Barbados: Department of History, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill, 1990. viii + 171 pp., Alvin Thompson (eds -H. Hoetink, Jean-Luc Bonniol, La couleur comme maléfice: une illustration créole de la généalogie des 'Blancs' et des 'Noirs'. Paris: Albin Michel, 1992. 304 pp. -Michael Aceto, Richard Price ,Two evenings in Saramaka. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1991. xvi + 417 pp., Sally Price (eds -Jorge P

  11. Social Context and Resources Available to Iranian Foreign Language Learners of English

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Kazemi

    2013-07-01

    (Eds., Handbook of psychology. Developmental psychology (Vol. 6, pp. 171–193. New York: Wiley. Hoff, E. (2005. Language development. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning. Hoff, E. (2006. How Social Contexts Support and Shape Language Development. Developmental Review, 26, 55-88. Hoff-Ginsberg, E., & Shatz, M. (1982. Linguistic input and the child’s acquisition of language. Psychological Bulletin, 92, 3–26. Holliday, A., (1994. Appropriate Methodology and Social Context. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Kvale, S. (1996. Interviews: An Introduction to Qualitative Research Interviewing. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publication. Lamb, M. (2004. Integrative motivation in a globalizing world. System 32 (1, 3–20. Lantolf, J.P., (2000. Introducing sociocultural theory. In: Lantolf, J. P., (Ed. Sociocultural theory and second language learning. Oxford University Press, pp.1-26. Lave, J., (1993. The practice of learning. In: Chaiklin, S., Lave, J. (Eds., Understanding Practice: Perspectives on  Activity and Context. Cambridge University Press, pp 444-531 Lave, J., Wenger, E., (1991. Situated Learning. Cambridge University Press, pp. 23-56. McDermott, R., (1993. The acquisition of a child by a learning disability. In: Lave, J., Chaiklin, S. (Eds., Understanding Practice: Perspectives on Activity and Context. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 269–305. Norton, B., Toohey, K., (2003. Learner autonomy as agency in sociocultural settings. In  Palfreyman, D., Smith, R.C. (Eds., Learner Autonomy Across Cultures: Language Education Perspectives. Palgrave Macmillan, London, pp 124-206. O’Malley, J.M., Chamot, A.U., (1990. Learning Strategies in Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Oxford, R., (1990. Language Learning Strategies: What Every Teacher Should Know.  Heinle and Heinle, Boston. Oxford, R.L., Ehrman, M.E., (1995. Adults’ language learning strategies in an intensive foreign language program in the United States. System 23

  12. Analyzing the urban development of Isfahan districts in the housing sector using analytic network process (ANP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Hadizadeh Zargar

    2013-01-01

    structure, current state and housing quality in near future. Key Words: Development, Housing Indices, Analytic Network Process (ANP, Isfahan.RefrencesAfshin Nia, M. (1999. Statistical Methods and Application in Science. Madras Press, second Edition, Tehran, 664p.Arjmndnya, A. (1975.Analysis of indicators of social housing. Journal of Environmental Studies ,Vol 5: 53 – 68.Asayesh, H. (1996. Principles and Methods of Regional Planning. Tehran University Payam Noor Press, 200p.Atec Consulting Engineers. (2003. review detailed design areas 5 and 6 of Isfahan, Isfahan's deputy city mayor.Azizi, M.M. (2004. The position indicator housing in the housing planning process. fine arts, No. 17, (42-31Bavand Consulting Engineers. (2003. review detailed design areas 1 and 3 of Isfahan, Isfahan's deputy city mayor.Bidabadi, B., (1983. taxonomy analysis and its application in the development of criteria for the classification of the city and regional planning. Planning Department of the Central State, ArakHekmatnya, H., J. Ansari. (2012. housing, town planning Meybod approach to sustainable development, human geography research. Vol 79:207-191.Qadir Masom, M., K. Habibi, .(2004. Measurement and analysis of the development of towns and the city of Golestan province. Social Sciences, No. 23, pp. 170-147.Rafiee, M. (2000. Urban housing in the local plan. Municipalities Magazine, Issue 19.Saravand Consulting Engineers. (2003. review detailed design areas 2,9 and 6 of Isfahan, Isfahan's deputy city mayor.Shahr va Khane Consulting Engineers. (2003. review detailed design areas 7 and 8 of Isfahan, Isfahan's deputy city mayor.Sharestan Consulting Engineers. (2003. review detailed design areas 4 and 10 of Isfahan, Isfahan's deputy city mayor.Short, J. R. (2006. Urban theory: A critical assessment: Palgrave Macmillan.Statistical Yearbook of Isfahan, (1389. Department of Planning, Research and Information Technology. Isfahan Municipality.Tawfigh, F. (2003. housing planning, education planning

  13. New views on changing Arctic vegetation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Robert E.

    2012-03-01

    , Caine T N, McKnight D, Townsend A and Williams M W 2004 The landscape continuum: a model for high-elevation ecosystems Bioscience 54 111-21 Stow D A et al 2004 Remote sensing of vegetation and land-cover change in Arctic Tundra Ecosystems Remote Sens. Environ. 89 281-308 Sturm M, Schimel J, Michaelson G, Welker J M, Oberbauer S F, Liston G E, Fahnestock J and Romanovsky V E 2005 Winter biological processes could help convert arctic tundra to shrubland BioScience 55 17-26 Tape K, Sturm M and Racine C 2006 The evidence for shrub expansion in Northern Alaska and the Pan-Arctic Glob. Change Biol. 12 686-702 Thuiller W et al 2008 Predicting global change impacts on plant species' distributions: future challenges Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 9 137-52 Vogelmann J E, Tolk B and Zhu Z 2009 Monitoring forest changes in the southwestern United States using multitemporal Landsat data Remote Sens. Environ. 113 1739-48 Whittaker R H 1975 Communities and Ecosystems (New York: Macmillan) Woodcock C F et al 2008 Free access to Landsat imagery Science 320 1011 Wulder M A, White J C, Goward S N, Masek J G, Irons J R, Herold M, Cohen W B, Loveland T R and Woodcock C F 2008 Landsat continuity: issues and opportunities for land cover monitoring Remote Sens. Environ. 112 955-69 Zhao M and Running S W 2010 Drought-induced reduction in global terrestrial net primary production from 2000 through 2009 Science 329 940-3

  14. EDITORIAL: Deep brain stimulation, deontology and duty: the moral obligation of non-abandonment at the neural interface Deep brain stimulation, deontology and duty: the moral obligation of non-abandonment at the neural interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fins, Joseph J.; MD; FACP

    2009-10-01

    conscious state, funded by Intelect Medical Inc. References [1] 1972 Editorial: Psychosurgery Lancet 7767 69-70 [2] Fins J J 2002 The ethical limits of neuroscience The Lancet Neurology 1 213 [3] Fins J J 2003 From psychosurgery to neuromodulation and palliation: history's lessons for the ethical conduct and regulation of neuropsychiatric research Neurosurgery Clinics of North America 14 303-19 [4] Fins J J 2004 Deep brain stimulation Encyclopedia of Bioethics, Vol 2 3rd edn, ed S G Post (New York: MacMillan Reference) pp 629-34 [5] Fins J J 2004 Neuromodulation, free will and determinism: lessons from the psychosurgery debate Clinical Neuroscience Research 4 113-18 [6] Fins J J 2009 Deep brain stimulation: ethical issues in clinical practice and neurosurgical research Neuromodulation eds E Krames, P H Peckham and A Rezai (London: Elsevier) pp 81-91 [7] Schiff N D, Giacino J T, Kalmar K, Victor J D, Baker K, Gerber M, Fritz B, Eisenberg B, O'Connor J, Kobylarz E J, Farris S, Machado A, McCagg C, Plum F, Fins J J, Rezai A R 2007 Behavioral improvements with thalamic stimulation after severe traumatic brain injury Nature 448 600-3 [8] Schiff N D and Fins J J 2007 Deep brain stimulation and cognition: moving from animal to patient Current Opinion in Neurology 20 638-42 [9] Schiff N D, Giacino J T and Fins J J 2009 Deep brain stimulation, neuroethics and the minimally conscious state: moving beyond proof of principle Arch. Neurology 66 697-702 [10] CMS 160.24 NCD for deep brain stimulation for essential tremor and Parkinson's disease, 1~April~2003 [11] CMS Manual System 100-04 Medicare claims processing, transmittal 128, 26 March 2004 http://www.cms.hhs.gov/Transmittals/Downloads/R128CP.pdf [12] Schwalb J M, Riina H A, Skolnick B, Jaggi J L, Simuni T and Baltuch G H 2001 Revision of deep brain stimulator for tremor: technical note J. Neurosurg. 94 1010-12 [13] Speelman J D and Bosch D A 1998 Resurgence of functional neurosurgery for Parkinson's disease: a historical perspective

  15. Liming and Fertilization Effects on Triticale (XTriticosecale W.) Yield Between 1999 and 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    László Phd, M., ,, Dr.

    2009-04-01

    , pp. 219-232. RS (Royal Society). 2005. Climate change warming over food production. Web address: http://www.newscientist.com Runge, E. C. 1968. Effect of rainfall and temperature interaction during the growing season on corn yield. Agron. J, 60:503-507. Russell, C. M.-Jennifer, A. B. 1991. Climatic Risk in Crop Production: Models and Management for the Semiarid Tropics and Subtropics. C. A. B. International, Wallingford Semenov, M. A. and Porter, J. R. 1995. Climatic variability and modeling of crop yields. Agric. For Meteorol. 73:265-283. Seth, G. P. & Yeffrey, S. A. 2005. Crops and Environmental Change. Food Product Press. New York-London-Oxford Schulze, R. E., Gregory, A. K. and Richard, P. K. 1993. Global climate change and agricultural productivity in southern Africa. Global Environmental Change, Vol. 3, No. 4, December, pp. 330-349 Smith, W. J. 1920. Agricultural meteorology. The effect of weather on crops. Macmillan Comp., New York. Singh, B., Mustapha, E. M., Pierre A., Christopher, R. B. and Jean, P. T. 1998. Impacts of a Ghg-induced climate change on crop yields: Efects of acceleration in maturation, moisture stress and optimal temperature. Climatic change, Vol. 38, No. 1, January, pp. 51-86. SPSS. 2000. SigmaPlot for Windows. Ver. 3.2, Chicago, III.: SPSS, Inc Szász G. 2005. Climatic instability causing variability in crop output in the Carpathian Basin. (In Hungarian) In: „AGRO-21" Füzetek. 40. 33-69. Tubiello, F. N., Rosenzweig, C., Goldberg, R. A. Jagtap, S. and Jones, J. W. 2002. Effects of climate change on U.S. crop production: Simulation results using two different GCM scenarios. Part I: Wheat, potato, maize and citrus. Climate Research, Vol. 20, pp. 259-270. Uprety, D. C. 1999. Global change series. IARI, New Delhi Vesselin, A., Eitzinger, J., Vesna, C. and Michael, O. 2002. Potential impact of climate change on selected agricultural crops in north-eastern Austria. Global Change Biology. 8:372. Várallyay, Gy. 1992. Globális kl