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Sample records for macias commentary joan

  1. Joan Lowery Nixon: The Grande Dame of Young Adult Mystery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavonetti, Linda M.

    1996-01-01

    Discusses the writing of Joan Lowery Nixon, award-winning author of young adult mystery novels. Discusses telling a good story, narrative form, characterization, stereotypes, social commentary, classroom implications, and caring for an audience. (SR)

  2. Commentary

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skytte, Marianne

    2012-01-01

    Commentary on a case about child abuse discussing the dilemma between recognition of professional discretion and the decire for further democratic development of society.......Commentary on a case about child abuse discussing the dilemma between recognition of professional discretion and the decire for further democratic development of society....

  3. Commentary

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skytte, Marianne

    2012-01-01

    Commentary on a case about child abuse discussing the dilemma between recognition of professional discretion and the decire for further democratic development of society.......Commentary on a case about child abuse discussing the dilemma between recognition of professional discretion and the decire for further democratic development of society....

  4. COMMENTARY

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-03-01

    Mar 1, 2007 ... 41. COMMENTARY. Is climate change influencing the decline of Cape ... two of the larger, montane vulture species present in the region: the two northern- most colonies of .... distribution should be first affected. In vultures, we ...

  5. Commentary

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Otrel-Cass, Kathrin

    2015-01-01

    ’s lives. However there has been primarily focus on its life accelerating attributes. Slowing down the process of production may open up possibilities for sustainable ICT development. The commentary combined with Patrignani and Whitehouse's article may provide a resource for those responsible in training...... technology. Connecting resource production, use and disposal and its affect on climate change will require those who are in the position to make changes to come up with solutions that consider also values, beliefs and norms that lead to particular types of behaviour. ICT has had an enormous impact on people...

  6. Joan Mitchell, Peintures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamila Benayada

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Le nouveau Musée des Impressionnismes à Giverny présente des œuvres de Joan Mitchell (1926-92 pour sa deuxième exposition, qui confirme son ambition de montrer à la fois des œuvres impressionnistes, et leur impact sur l’art du XXe siècle.Les toiles de Joan Mitchell, dont la plupart furent peintes en France, viennent de l’exposition itinérante « La peinture des deux mondes », organisée à Emden en Allemagne, puis à Reggio Emilia en Italie. Elles datent des années 1950 jusqu’à la fin de la vie ...

  7. Commentary

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marchuk, Iryna

    2016-01-01

    This commentary addresses a number of important evidentiary issues that arose during cross-examination of Charles Taylor, the former President of Liberia, who who stood trial and was convicted of crimes against humanity and war crimes committed during Sierra Leone’s brutal civil war before the UN......-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL). At the core of cross-examination was the Prosecution’s strategy to challenge Taylor’s self-portrayal as a peacemaker and to demonstrate a pattern of conduct of the accused in Liberia similar to the one pursued by war-mongering leaders of various rebel groups....... A large part of the Prosecution’s strategy was to impeach the credibility of the accused through the introduction of documentary evidence that unravelled inconsistencies in his prior testimony. This, however, proved on many occasions to be impossible, as the judges treated these documents with great...

  8. Joan of Arc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foote-Smith, E; Bayne, L

    1991-01-01

    For centuries, romantics have praised and historians and scientists debated the mystery of Joan of Arc's exceptional achievements. How could an uneducated farmer's daughter, raised in harsh isolation in a remote village in medieval France, have found the strength and resolution to alter the course of history? Hypotheses have ranged from miraculous intervention to creative psychopathy. We suggest, based on her own words and the contemporary descriptions of observers, that the source of her visions and convictions was in part ecstatic epileptic auras and that she joins the host of creative religious thinkers suspected or known to have epilepsy, from St. Paul and Mohammed to Dostoevsky, who have changed western civilization.

  9. Joan Robinson and economic theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. ASIMAKOPULOS

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Joan Robinson’s interest in the question of the distribution of income and her disdain for what she considered to be theories that tried to justify existing distributions of income never flagged. Her work is marked by a strong inclination for clear, well reasoned arguments that left no room for sloppy habits of thought. The wide scope and quantity of Robinson’s writings make it difficult to present a critical evaluation of her contributions within the context of even a lengthy paper. The present one concentrates on her writings in five main areas: (i the economics of imperfect competition; (ii the theory of employment; (iii the theory of accumulation in the long run; (iv the concept of capital and the production function; and (v the problem of time in economics as reflected in her writings on the theme history versus equilibrium.  

  10. On the Trail of Joan of Arc

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Joyce Forristal

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The year 2012 marked the 600th anniversary of the birthday of Joan of Arc (Fr., Jeanne d’Arc (1412–1431. Tributes to this national heroine can be found all over France. There are literally countless statues, streets and restaurants named after her and many sites dedicated to her life. However, despite widespread social and mechanical reproduction and cultural naming in relation to the Maid of Orléans, there is no official network or integrated signage in France to promote cultural heritage tourism to the numerous Joan of Arc sites and festivals, even though her life and death, by any measure, were seminal events in the country’s history. Unfortunately, the pilgrim who wants to follow or intersect with Joan of Arc’s trail through France, for cultural, historical or religious reasons, must do so without much help. Using Actor Network Theory and Site Sacralization Theory as framing devices, this paper explores human actors and tangible and intangible non-human factors that may have contributed to the lack of a unified tourism product despite the existence of an adequate Joan of Arc tourismscape. Insights gleaned from this research include Joan’s conflicted status as both/either saint and/or patriot, the existence of no cooperation or linkage between Joan of Arc sites, and cautious French tourism development policies. Several possible scenarios are suggested as suitable means to help implement or foster the creation of an on-the-ground or virtual Joan of Arc trail or tour.

  11. Interview met professor Joan Wallach Scott

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijl, Greetje; Tijhoff, Esmeralda

    2012-01-01

    Joan Scott, professor at the School of Social Science in the Institute for Avanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey (USA), was the keynote speaker at the conference 'Uitsluitend emancipatie' in de Beurs van Berlage in Amsterdam in October 2012. An interview on gender, history, feminism and her book

  12. Interview met professor Joan Wallach Scott

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijl, Greetje; Tijhoff, Esmeralda

    2012-01-01

    Joan Scott, professor at the School of Social Science in the Institute for Avanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey (USA), was the keynote speaker at the conference 'Uitsluitend emancipatie' in de Beurs van Berlage in Amsterdam in October 2012. An interview on gender, history, feminism and her book Th

  13. Vastab Joan Baixas / Joan Baixas ; intervjueerinud, tõlkinud ja litereerinud Vahur Keller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baixas, Joan, 1946-

    2010-01-01

    Maalikunstnik, näitekirjanik, lavastaja, õppejõud Barcelona Teatriinstituudis ja Barcelona Rahvusvahelise nukuteatrifestivali kunstiline juht J. Baixas visuaalteatrist, nukuteatri olemusest, nüüdiskunstist, Joan Mirost, tööst erinevates kultuurides, kunsti eesmärgist

  14. Vastab Joan Baixas / Joan Baixas ; intervjueerinud, tõlkinud ja litereerinud Vahur Keller

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Baixas, Joan, 1946-

    2010-01-01

    Maalikunstnik, näitekirjanik, lavastaja, õppejõud Barcelona Teatriinstituudis ja Barcelona Rahvusvahelise nukuteatrifestivali kunstiline juht J. Baixas visuaalteatrist, nukuteatri olemusest, nüüdiskunstist, Joan Mirost, tööst erinevates kultuurides, kunsti eesmärgist

  15. Sequoias, Mavericks, Open Doors...Composing Joan Tower

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allsup, Randall Everett

    2011-01-01

    This essay interview with Joan Tower is a meditation on the importance of composing, understood as a process larger than the making of new sound combinations or musical scores, suggesting that the compositional act is self-educative and self-forming. Tower's musical life, one of teaching and learning, one of composing and self-composing, is an…

  16. Even dying must be edited: further thoughts on Joan Robinson.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curry, S; Zucker, A; Trautmann, J

    1981-03-01

    "Joan Robinson: One Woman's Story' is a cinéma vérité style record of a woman's losing struggle against ovarian cancer. The film has been shown now twice on the American Public Television Network. It has received good notices primarily from the lay press. Yet the film depicts much that is out-of-date and much that is debatable. In general, we feel that it presents a depressing picture of the cancer patient. This was not Joan Robinson's intention and her bravery only serves to highlight this picture of suffering with cancer. We point to specific flaws in the film. We then go on to account for why many reviewers seem to have been blind to these flaws. It is suggested that criteria for good works of art, for good public health information, and for admirable personal traits were confused.

  17. Joan Fontcuberta: fotografía de la sospecha

    OpenAIRE

    Villaplana Alonso, Yurena

    2016-01-01

    Acercamiento a la fotografía del autor catalán Joan Fontcuberta, basándome en sus escritos y su filosofía por la que explica que detrás de toda fotografía existe una mentira. Con su obra, manteniendo un toque de ironía e incluso humor, pretende sembrar en el espectador la duda sobre la realidad que presenta con sus obras.

  18. Releyendo la obra de Joan de Joanes. Nuevas aportaciones en torno al Bautismo de Cristo de la Catedral de Valencia y la conversión morisca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borja Franco Llopis

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available La obra de Joan de Joanes ha sido, tradicionalmente, estudiada desde un punto de vista formal y son pocos los trabajos donde se la vincula al momento cultural en el que vivió. Esto ha provocado interpretaciones iconológicas poco acertadas en algunos de sus óleos. Por ello, en nuestro texto realizamos una nueva lectura del significado de la obra de El Bautismo de Cristo de la Catedral de Valencia partiendo de las relaciones existentes entre Joanes con el Venerable Agnesio y de ambos con la evangelización morisca.

  19. Joan Oliver i Salvador Espriu en el teatre de postguerra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miquel Maria Gibert

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The author sets out the dramatic production of Joan Oliver and Salvador Espriu, two different ways of understanding the concept of theatrical literary creation and of interpreting projection requirements. Oliver, in general, presents the angle of the bourgeois comedy; the critical tone of the drama he produced before the Civil War either disappears or is considerably tempered. Espriu applies himself to a theatre with tragic roots, embellished with the combination of diverse elements, without taking the possibilities of immediate premiere performances into consideration.

  20. Joan Aiken's Armitage Family Stories: Place and Storytelling as a Way into the World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sackett, Hannah

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the importance of place and story in the life and work of Joan Aiken (1924-2004), with a focus on the Armitage Family short stories. It explores the fluid relationship between books, storytelling and place in Joan Aiken's childhood and looks at her close relationship with the landscape of the Sussex Downs. Particular…

  1. La Gobernanza en la Obra de Joan Prats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varela-Álvarez, Enrique José

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Gobernabilidad, gobernanza o buen gobierno, fueron estudiados en profundidad por un autor como Joan Prats, que supo compaginar su labor de investigador, divulgador y gestor a través del desarrollo de un buen número de estudios en España y América Latina, la creación de estructuras de gestión y difusión de los marcos del buen gobierno, así como la participación activa en proyectos de consultoría y docencia en cursos de directivos. La mirada que se propone en esta comunicación, contiene un sesgo personal (emocional, por el contacto que este investigador tuvo con Joan Prats a lo largo de los años 2006-2010, aunque también científico a través de la revisión que se realiza de la obra del profesor Prats, a la luz del paradigma de la gobernanza, y el impacto que su obra ha tenido en este tipo de literatura científica de habla hispana en las últimas décadas.

  2. Joan d’Albuzon ~ Nicolet de Turin, “En Nicolet, d’un sognie qu’ieu sognava” (BdT 265.2 = 310.1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Paterson

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The article provides a commentary and a new critical edition of an Occitan tenso between two Italian troubadours, Joan d’Albuzon and Nicolet de Turin. The tenso presents a dream and its interpretation: Joan claims to have dreamt of a terrifying eagle flying through the air, accompanied by a huge ship of fire sailing across the land from Cologne. Nicolet in turn interprets the dream in terms of an emperor sweeping through Lombardy with a great army of German soldiers at his command, paid from his vast supply of treasure. Joan’s dream concludes with a vision of the eagle blowing out the fire, shining a great light over Montferrat, and settling in a high eyrie from which the whole world, now joyful, can be surveyed. Nicolet expounds this as the emperor’s desire for peace after vengeance, the Marquis of Montferrat’s submission, the emperor’s position of supreme command, and the prospect of appropriate rewards. The emperor is Frederick II Hohenstaufen and the author of the article proposes a new dating of the poem: it was probably composed in 1238 when the emperor, after his victory at the battle of Cortenuova in 1237 and subsequent subjection of several cities of the rebellious Lombard League, was arriving in Turin to receive the homage of Boniface II of Montferrat.

  3. History Run Wild: The Alternate World of Joan Aiken's "The Wolves of Willoughby Chase" Series

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dams, Isobel

    2005-01-01

    This article examines the historical fantasy world created by Joan Aiken in the eleven volumes of her "Wolves of Willoughby Chase" series. In particular it looks at her subversion of historical reality by the creation of an alternative yet recognisable representation of our own world, using a wide range of events, and the remoulding of aspects of…

  4. Notes per a una lectura de l'obra de Joan Fuster

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    Antoni Riera

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This study suggest reading Joan Fuster's work from a formal point of view, considering this reasonings, expressive resources and syntax. It alto presents a diachronic proposal as far as topics, variety of texts and thinking of the writer from Sueca are concerned.

  5. L'esfera copernicana de l'abat Joan de Safont (1789-1847)

    OpenAIRE

    Puig Pla, Carles

    2009-01-01

    Joan de Safont, benedictine monk and last abbot of Barcelona’s monastery of Sant Pau del Camp, founded a class of speculative and practical physics in the school of Sant Pau del Camp. He organized a mechanical and physical cabinet with abundant apparatus constructed by craftsmen from Barcelona. His inerest in astronomy led him to construct sun clocks and invent a copernican sphere at the beginning of the decade of 1830. It was a very ingenious device, articulated and equippe...

  6. Convivència de codis al teatre de Joan Brossa

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    Lluís Meseguer

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article supports the importance of the relationship between verbal and visual codes in the analysis of specific sequences in the “scenic poetry” works by Joan Brossa. Thus, it evaluates examples of particular texts that reveal the multiplicity of theatrical registers and techniques, with regard to the procedures of character- or situation- building and the breaking of the communicative conventions.

  7. Terrenos compartidos en las obras de Joan Brossa y Chema Madoz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kika Beneyto

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available A Joan Brossa y Chema Madoz siempre les ha interesado romper con los límites que tradicionalmente imponen sus lenguajes. Debido a este ensanchamiento de fronteras sus obras han entrado en un terreno común que los acerca. Este acercamiento no es una mera especulación, pues ellos mismos, al entender que de alguna manera su trabajo se hermanaba, publicaron juntos un pequeño libro llamado Fotopoemario.

  8. A retrospective diagnosis of epilepsy in three historical figures: St Paul, Joan of Arc and Socrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muhammed, Louwai

    2013-11-01

    It has been suggested that undiagnosed epilepsy profoundly influenced the lives of several key figures in history. Historical sources recounting strange voices and visions may in fact have been describing manifestations of epileptic seizures rather than more supernatural phenomena. Well-documented accounts of such experiences exist for three individuals in particular: Socrates, St Paul and Joan of Arc. The great philosopher Socrates described a 'daimonion' that would visit him throughout his life. This daimonion may have represented recurrent simple partial seizures, while the peculiar periods of motionlessness for which Socrates was well known may have been the result of co-existing complex partial seizures. St Paul's religious conversion on the Road to Damascus may have followed a temporal lobe seizure which would account for the lights, voices, blindness and even the religious ecstasy he described. Finally, Joan of Arc gave a detailed narrative on the voices she heard from childhood during her Trial of Condemnation. Her auditory hallucinations appear to follow sudden acoustic stimuli in a way reminiscent of idiopathic partial epilepsy with auditory features. By analysing passages from historical texts, it is possible to argue that Socrates, St Paul and Joan of Arc each had epilepsy.

  9. El Espacio pictórico en la obra de Joan Hernández Pijuan

    OpenAIRE

    Badrinas Bassas, Ramón

    2006-01-01

    [spa] Hemos situado y analizado la obra de Joan Hernández Pijuan, en su contexto "conceptual"; hemos descrito el "firmamento latente del arte, la filosofía y la ciencia", como un espectro artístico lo más amplio posible, hemos relacionado y valorado en conjunto su obra. Así nos hemos apartado, en la medida de lo posible, de los numerosos comentarios y escritos de los críticos de arte, comentándolos junto con nuestro criterio; como base de una investigación que valore y clasifique, en su justa...

  10. Espacio pictórico en la obra de Joan Hernández Pijuan, El

    OpenAIRE

    Badrinas Bassas, Ramón

    2006-01-01

    Hemos situado y analizado la obra de Joan Hernández Pijuan, en su contexto "conceptual"; hemos descrito el "firmamento latente del arte, la filosofía y la ciencia", como un espectro artístico lo más amplio posible, hemos relacionado y valorado en conjunto su obra. Así nos hemos apartado, en la medida de lo posible, de los numerosos comentarios y escritos de los críticos de arte, comentándolos junto con nuestro criterio; como base de una investigación que valore y clasifique, en su justa medid...

  11. The importance of play in adulthood. An interview with Joan M. Erikson. Interview by Daniel Benveniste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erikson, J M

    1998-01-01

    Joan M. Erikson (1902-1997) was an artist, a writer, a mother, and the wife and collaborator of Erik H. Erikson (1902-1994), one of the most important and influential psychoanalysts in the world. The following is an edited dialogue on one of her favorite topics--The Importance of Play in Adulthood. It features her thoughts on the subject and reminiscences of the ways she played throughout her life. She muses on play in relation to humor, fun, the role of the fool, and more. The article was a project undertaken in the spirit of play and it will hopefully evoke further playful musings in the minds of readers.

  12. Incorporació de les propostes etimològiques de Joan Veny en el Gran diccionari de la llengua catalana Incorporation of the Etymological Proposals of Joan Veny into the Gran diccionari le la llengua catalana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carles Riera

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available En l’article es comprova el grau d’acceptació, per part del Gran diccionari de la llengua catalana (1998, de les propostes etimològiques de Joan Veny sobre una sèrie de mots estudiats en la seva obra Llengua i entorn natural (2001.The article examines the degree to which the Gran diccionari le la llengua catalana [‘Great Dictionary of the Catalan language’] (1998 accepted the etymological proposals of Joan Veny concerning a series of words presented in his book Llengua i entorn natural [‘Language and the Natural Environment’] (2001.

  13. Poësie en popkultuur: oor enkele gedigte van Joan Hambidge

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    A. Nel

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Poetry and pop culture: Some poems by Joan Hambidge The influence of pop culture as a general movement, as well as pop art as a specific art movement, can be seen in the work of Joan Hambidge. In a number of her poems Hambidge enters into conversation with Andy Warhol as the most prominent pop artist. She comments through poetry on Warhol’s life and work method and also presents her poems in the idiom of Warhol. This entails, inter alia, a repetition or duplication of the content, a deliberate intertextual conversation with verbal and visual artists and a reuse of existing material. Hambidge follows Warhol’s representation of popular cult figures from the pop era by creating a number of word portraits of famous people such as Marilyn Monroe and James Dean. This “gallery” of word portraits becomes part of the (well-known literary conversation which Hambidge conducts with other poets and artists, and at the same time communicates her own poetics as well as her own view on the construction of identity and death. Ultimately this pre-occupation with cult figures becomes a mask for the self.

  14. Charisma and Routine: Shaping the Memory of Brother Richard and Joan of Arc

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    Andrew Brown

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The extraordinary life and fate of Joan of Arc are well known; so is her association with the prophetic preacher, Brother Richard, who predicted the Apocalypse. Less well explained is why contemporaries initially took such an interest in this association, and how and why it began to fade from official memory after Joan’s death. Max Weber’s concepts of “charisma” and “routinization” offer valuable tools to deal with these questions. Both Joan and Richard have earned the title “charismatic” but interest in the preacher has generally been secondary to interest in the Maid. A more rigorous adoption of Weber’s meaning of charisma, however, helps to clarify what the relative importance of these figures was in the eyes of contemporaries. It also shifts attention to the significance of messianic prophecy in the years surrounding Joan’s life, the anxieties it generated and the way it was dealt with. In this context, the processions and commemorative ceremonies organized by townspeople, churchmen and royalty during this period deserve further analysis. Seen as forces of “routine”, these ceremonies assume a greater significance than they have usually been granted, as processes that managed the memory of charismatic phenomena.

  15. Silagem de grãos úmidos de milho de textura dura ou macia em dietas com polpa cítrica para vacas em lactação

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    F.M.J. Costa

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se o desempenho de vacas leiteiras que consumiram polpa cítrica e dois teores dietéticos de silagem de grão úmido de milho. Os tratamentos foram: milho de textura dura ou milho de textura macia ensilado na linha negra, em fatorial com 9% ou 18% de milho na dieta. O teor de polpa cítrica na dieta foi de 16,2% ou 25,6%, com alto e baixo milho, respectivamente. Doze vacas receberam os tratamentos em quadrados latinos 4x4. A produção diária de leite foi 27,9kg no milho duro e 28,8 no macio (P=0,19. Alto milho diminuiu o teor de gordura do leite de 3,38 para 3,26% (P=0,04 e aumentou o teor de proteína de 2,99 para 3,03% (P=0,05 e a eficiência alimentar de 1,50 para 1,57kg de leite/kg de consumo (P=0,03. Aumento no teor de milho induziu maior queda no pH ruminal na dieta com milho macio do que na dieta com milho duro (P=0,05 para a interação textura versus teor de milho. O milho macio aumentou o consumo diário de matéria orgânica digestível de 11,7 para 12,3kg (P=0,05. Os parâmetros digestivos sugerem que a ensilagem não eliminou totalmente o efeito da textura do endosperma sobre a digestibilidade do milho.

  16. Commentary: statistics for biomarkers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lovell, David P

    2012-05-01

    This short commentary discusses Biomarkers' requirements for the reporting of statistical analyses in submitted papers. It is expected that submitters will follow the general instructions of the journal, the more detailed guidance given by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, the specific guidelines developed by the EQUATOR network, and those of various specialist groups. Biomarkers expects that the study design and subsequent statistical analyses are clearly reported and that the data reported can be made available for independent assessment. The journal recognizes that there is continuing debate about different approaches to statistical science. Biomarkers appreciates that the field continues to develop rapidly and encourages the use of new methodologies.

  17. Ann Hutchinson (as subject), Dr. Joan Vernikos (R), Dee O'Hara (L), J. Evans and E. Lowe pose for

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Ann Hutchinson (as subject), Dr. Joan Vernikos (R), Dee O'Hara (L), J. Evans and E. Lowe pose for pictures in the NASA Magazine aritcle 'How it Feels to be a Human Test Subject' as they prepare for a bed rest study to simulate the efects of microgravity on the human body.

  18. Biography of Joan Wint: A Principal Whose Leadership for Social Justice Transformed a Rural Jamaican High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oram-Sterling, Jacqueline

    2009-01-01

    This biographical study features the leadership of Joan Miller Wint, now retired, who for 23 years was principal of Denbigh High School, located in a high-poverty rural area in Jamaica. In the article I examine biography as a qualitative research strategy used in "telling" the stories of women leaders; explore the influence of Wint's…

  19. Stigma, community, ethnography: Joan Ablon's contribution to the anthropology of impairment-disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuttleworth, Russell P; Kasnitz, Devva

    2004-06-01

    Joan Ablon has helped establish the anthropology of impairment-disability and significantly contributed to the role of anthropology in disability studies. In this article, we review the development of and situate Ablon's ethnographic research in the anthropology of impairment-disability. We then address various methodological issues in her work including her ethnographic approach, her grounding in action anthropology and her support for the development of the academic study of disability in anthropology and the careers of disabled anthropologists. The next section of the article examines Ablon's use of the notion of stigma, her understanding of community, and her engagement with disability rights. As examples of themes important to disability studies, we present her discussion of the implications of the ideal of the body beautiful, and gender differences in negotiating intimacy for people with physical differences. We close with a discussion of the future of an anthropology of impairment-disability.

  20. Peter Paul Rubens, Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc and Joan of Arc

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    Borusowski Piotr

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In 2011 a discovery was made at the Department of Prints and Drawings of the National Museum in Warsaw - a drawing hitherto described as a Kneeling knight by an anonymous seventeenth-century artist, turned out to be Joan of Arc, a sketch well-known to art historians studying the oeuvre of Peter Paul Rubens, although thought to be lost during the Second World War. The drawing, until now known only through the black and white photograph, could be thoroughly analysed for the first time. In the context of information thus obtained, the historical context of creating the sketch transpired as an equally important matter, including the hypothetical role that may have been played in its creation by Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc.

  1. Entrevista con Joan Costa: Reflexiones sobre la comunicación corporativa

    OpenAIRE

    Carbone, Giancarlo

    2006-01-01

    Joan Costa, comunicólogo, diseñador, sociólogo e investigador de la comunicación visual, además de consultor de empresas y profesor en las universidades Iberoamericana de México y Autónoma de Barcelona, así como en el Instituto Europeo de Diseño de Madrid, da sus puntos de vista acerca de la imagen corporativa, la identidad y la reputación en las empresas; los cambios que ha sufrido la gestión empresarial en la sociedad red y otras reflexiones sobre su extensa producción teórica en el campo d...

  2. Aspectos literarios de la obra de Don Joan de Castellanos: Capítulo I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Germán Romero

    1965-02-01

    Full Text Available Capítulo I. Colores poéticos de las elegías Cuando se estudia con afecto la obra literaria de un autor se corre el peligro de considerarla como la mejor en su género. Después de tanto tiempo que llevo tratando diariamente la de don Joan de Castellanos no he de incurrir en tal exageración. Pero tampoco caeré en el extremo contrario juzgándola severamente y tratándola independientemente de las circunstancias de tiempo y lugar en que se produjo. Apenas si unas cuantas, verdaderamente geniales, podrían desafiarlas y no sería yo quien sometiera a prueba tan dura la obra del Beneficiado.

  3. El amor conyugal, el buen amor. Joan Estevan y sus "Avisos de casados"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Luisa CANDAU CHACÓN

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Finalizado el Concilio de Trento y siguiendo las recomendaciones del Catecismo Romano para párrocos de Pío V, un cura extremeño escribe, a fines del siglo XVI, un nuevo libro de «Avisos». Esta vez para casados. Su objetivo: adoctrinar a una feligresía ignorante de sus deberes conyugales y desconocedora del valor del sacramento. Joan Estevan forma parte de la producción cultural de tantos teólogos y moralistas que propagaron el mensaje de la Contrarreforma. Pero su conocimiento práctico —como cura y confesor— le avala en la redacción de sus consejos. Rigorista a veces, contradictorio y más cálido que otros que le precedieron o le continuaron, su visión positiva del matrimonio le conecta con una línea más amistada con el estado.ABSTRACT: After The Council of Trent and, following Pío V Roman Cathecism for parish priest's recommendations, an Extremaduran priest writes, at the end of the XVI century, a new book of «Warnings». This time it is for married couples. His objective: to indoctrinate a population ignorant about their conjugal duties and who do not know the value of the Sacrament. Joan Estevan is part of the cultural production of those theologists and moralists who disseminated the Counter-Reformation. But this practical knowledge, as a priest and as a confessor, endorses him in the composition of his advicements. Sometimes strict, contradictory and warmer than other that preceded him or followed him, his positive vision of marriage connects him with a friendly course of action whith this estate.

  4. Apostando por Joan Miró. El protagonismo de la revista Parnassus entre 1932 y 1941

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez Segura, Javier

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This essay focuses on one of the many means by which the art of the Spaniard Joan Miró (1893-1983 came to be known and understood: Parnassus magazine. It was published from 1929 to 1941 by the College Art Association, and between 1932 and 1941 included many articles explaining Miró’s art. These articles are analyzed here in depth, as they help to comprehend the complicated reception in the United States of tendencies such as Dada, the several modes of Surrealism and Miro´s protagonism in this process. In fact, the strategy used in Parnassus was instrumental for Miró’s triumph in the United State from then on.Este artículo se centra en una de las muchas vías con las que se dio a conocer el arte del español Joan Miró (1893- 1983: la revista Parnassus. Fue publicada entre 1929 y 1941 por una institución llamada College Art Association, y entre 1932 y 1941 dedicó numerosos artículos a explicar el arte de Miró a sus lectores. Se analiza en profundidad el contenido de esos artículos, que ayudan a entender mejor el complejo proceso de recepción en Estados Unidos de movimientos como Dadá y el surrealismo, las diversas opciones de surrealismo y, en especial, el protagonismo que tenía la producción de Miró en todo ese proceso. La estrategia de Parnassus fue, de hecho, muy notable en el triunfo de Miró en Estados Unidos desde ese momento y para el futuro.

  5. Commentary on measuring disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldman, Howard H

    2013-09-01

    This is a commentary on 5 articles in this issue of Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation that report on several related studies of new approaches to measuring disability. The project was grounded in theory, beginning with the development of a conceptual framework enhanced by a literature review and expert consultation within and outside of the Social Security Administration. The investigators then used item response theory to develop test items, which they organized into computer adaptive testing instruments and tested them for their psychometric properties. All in all, it is a groundbreaking set of studies and an enormously valuable contribution to the field. Hopefully it will also be tested as an alternative approach to assessing disability in the Social Security Administration disability benefits programs.

  6. El cristiano Joan Maragall: tres artículos sobre la semana trágica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raguer i Suñer, Hilari

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Between 19 and 25 July 1909 in Barcelona blew a popular movement of protest against the mobilization of reservists sent to Morocco. The subversion coated a distinctly anticlerical, with many churches and convents burned and were killed three priests. Joan Maragall wrote three articles disagreeing from the harsh crackdown of the government, backed by the general opinion. In first article Maragall censured the Catalan bourgeoisie by his little love for the poor. In the second asked that no longer apply the death penalty, but not published it. In the third and most famous explained his experience of a Mass celebrated in a church burned by the revolutionaries, which was what the Church should be, free of state protection and of the rich, and celebrated in the language of people. This article shocked the bourgeoisie.Entre el 19 y el 25 de julio de 1909 estalló en Barcelona un movimiento popular de protesta contra la movilización de reservistas enviados a Marruecos. La subversión revistió un carácter marcadamente anticlerical, con muchos incendios de iglesias y conventos y tres sacerdotes asesinados. Joan Maragall escribió tres artículos disintiendo de la dura represión del gobierno, respaldado por la opinión general. En un primer artículo Maragall acusaba a la burguesía catalana de falta de amor a los pobres. En el segundo pedía que no se aplicaran más penas de muerte, pero no se lo publicaron. En el tercero y más famoso explicaba su experiencia de una misa celebrada en una iglesia quemada por los revolucionarios, en la que vio lo que debería ser la Iglesia, libre de la protección del estado y de los ricos, y la misa en la lengua del pueblo. Este artículo causó gran escándalo entre la burguesía de Barcelona. [ct] Entre el 19 i el 25 juliol 1909 va esclatar a Barcelona un moviment popular de protesta contra la mobilització de reservistes enviats al Marroc. La subversió revestí un caràcter marcadament anticlerical, amb molts

  7. Experience, lenguage and identity: some notes on the concept of experience in the work of Joan W. Scott

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    This article analyzes the notion of experience present in the work of American feminist historian Joan W. Scott. It analyzes different notions of experience used in the Social History of the Sixties, Seventies and Eighties with which Scott has had significant dialogues and discussions. Finally, we present some critic to the concept of experience developed by Scott, that come both from gender history and feminist theory

  8. Experience, lenguage and identity: some notes on the concept of experience in the work of Joan W. Scott

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Garazi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the notion of experience present in the work of American feminist historian Joan W. Scott. It analyzes different notions of experience used in the Social History of the Sixties, Seventies and Eighties with which Scott has had significant dialogues and discussions. Finally, we present some critic to the concept of experience developed by Scott, that come both from gender history and feminist theory

  9. La Casa de las Atarazanas de Valencia y Joan del Poyo (I

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    Iborra Bernad, Federico

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available

    The construction of the House of the Dockyards in the coast line of the city by the local government was the result of the urban development policy of Valencia, showing that the city itself was centred in showing an image of propriety and beauty in every place, and also the influence of Martin I and his unsatisfied wishes of constructing a palace near the coast of Barcelona. Despite the fact that the original purpose of the building was to be used a warehouse of the port, the needs of the local government forced it to extend its functions turning it into a palace receiving prominent figures and being the emplacement of many ceremonies and banquets. The importance of the House of the Dockyards can be appreciated in its dimensions, as we can see in the engravings and landscapes illustrations of El Grao, and in the work produced by Joan del Poyo after returning from Barcelona, where he served the king Martin I, probably in the Royal Palace of the city.



    La construcción de la Casa de las Atarazanas en la línea litoral de la urbe por parte del gobierno municipal se debió tanto a la política urbanística emprendida por el patriciado urbano centrada en mostrar una imagen de belleza y decoro en todos sus frentes, como a la influencia que pudo haber ejercido Martín I en el reino de Valencia, y su deseo no satisfecho de edificar en Barcelona un palacio cercano a la costa. Aunque en un primer momento la finalidad del edificio fue la de servir de almacén de los productos del puerto, las necesidades de gobierno hizo ampliar sus funciones, asemejándose más a la de una casa o palacio, que acogería a personajes ilustres en su llegada marítima y sería el emplazamiento de ceremonias y ágapes. La importancia de la Casa de las Atarazanas se aprecia tanto en sus grandes dimensiones, como constatan los grabados e ilustraciones paisajísticas del

  10. Defining Functions of Danish Political Commentary

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bengtsson, Mette

    2011-01-01

    In Denmark political commentary is still a relatively new phenomenon. This paper analyzes the metadiscourse in relation to political commentary to identify the different understandings that have coalesced around political commentary as a genre. I argue that people in different positions (e.g. cit...

  11. ‘I, the Implacable I’: l’opera di Joan Didion negli anni settanta

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    Cinzia Scarpino

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This essay attempts to read Joan Didion’s work in the 1970s (Play It As It Lays, A Book of Common Prayer and The White Album as resulting from an increasingly sharp aesthetic awareness of the modes, limits and possibilities of literature as personal and political testimony. Claiming a sceptical attitude towards any given ideology, Didion places her two novels (Play It As It Lays, A Book of Common Prayer and non-fiction book (The White Album within the history of that decade as filtered through an overtly autobiographical and idiosyncratic story. Out of a personal experience and understanding of that decade – of its collective imagination, its shared or unshared events and symbols – as one dominated by a sense of loss Didion creates women characters who survive both the ‘abject’ of their female bodies and the irreversible impoverishment of the last (and lost frontiers in which their stories are set. Late-modern versions of a long-abiding and well-established American literary tradition, the character-narrators of Play It As It Lays, A Book of Common Prayer and the witness-persona of The White Album respond to Didion’s aesthetic insight into the testimonial mode, its limits and potentialities, and a narratological strategy which, not unlike the postmodern narratives of the same decade, moves toward the dissolution, scattering, and reassembling of narrative functions (author, narrator, character, and reader.

  12. The Interdisciplinary Generalist Curriculum Project at Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine at Marshall University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veitia, M; McCarty, S; Kelly, P; Szarek, J; Harvey, H

    2001-04-01

    The Interdisciplinary Generalist Curriculum (IGC) Project was designed to enhance interest in and support of generalism during the first two years of medical education. The original goals at Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine at Marshall University included the design and implementation of a core curriculum, Introduction to Patient Care (IPC), and enhancement of teaching excellence through faculty development. The core curriculum facilitated integration with the basic sciences and early introduction of physical examination skills, which were further developed in longitudinal clinical experiences with mentors. Although it was not originally intended to include basic scientists in the preceptor groups, they became important additions and created additional opportunities for interdisciplinary teaching and reciprocal learning. The mentor program, another well-received and intended curriculum change, evolved from a structured experience to a more flexible component of the curriculum. The program met the requirements of the IGC Project but 53% of the originally intended mentor time was achievable, due to curriculum constraints. Faculty development, another success, was originally intended to target IPC faculty but ultimately became a university-wide effort. The changes implemented as a result of the IGC Project continue to flourish beyond the funding period and have become integral aspects of the curriculum and the medical school.

  13. Commentary: Biochemistry Re-Natured

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Harold B.

    2010-01-01

    In his last commentary on "Biochemistry Denatured," this author dealt with his perception that college students today have spent too little of their childhood years playing outside in nature and as a consequence have not learned basic things about the world from personal experience. This "nature-deficit disorder" removes many opportunities for…

  14. Experience, lenguage and identity: some notes on the concept of experience in the work of Joan W. Scott

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Este artículo se propone analizar la noción de experiencia presente en la obra de la historiadora feminista norteamericana Joan W. Scott. Se realiza un recorrido por las conceptualizaciones de dicha noción utilizadas en la Historia Social de los años sesenta, setenta y ochenta con las cuales Scott ha tenido importantes diálogos y discusiones. Por último, se presentan algunas críticas y limitaciones que, tanto desde la historia con perspectiva de género como desde la teoría feminista, se han s...

  15. Commentary on Pharmacometrics for Immunotherapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrido, MJ; Berraondo, P

    2017-01-01

    This commentary provides an overview of recent examples of pharmacometrics applied during the clinical development of two antagonists of the programmed death‐1 (PD‐1) cell surface receptor, pembrolizumab and nivolumab. Despite the remarkable achievements obtained in predicting the correct dosing schedule from different quantitative approaches, data indicated a great degree of heterogeneity in tumor response. To achieve therapeutic goals the search for predictive biomarkers associated with a lack of response and mechanism‐based combination studies are warranted. PMID:27997736

  16. “Els entra-i-surts del poeta”. Joan Brossa entre la vanguardia y el postmodernismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcin Kurek

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The poetry of Joan Brossa (1919-1998, because of its complexity and size, testifies the adventures that has lived the Western literature in the second half of the twentieth century: from the depletion of traditional avant-gardes, going through the movements of neo- or transavantgarde, up to the manifestos of the “literature of exhaustion” or postmodern. The present study aims to discuss the collection of seven volumes of poetry of Joan Brossa, written between 1969 and 1975, and published between 1983 and 1989 under the general title "Els entra-i-surts del poeta", which we consider as one of the most consistent editorial and lyrical author’s projects. We put emphasis on the issue of continuation / break up between the modernist concepts of language and the postmodern plurality, treatment of reality as text or writing, free play of imagination: all this not as a picture of disintegrated world but as positive reflection of a polymorphic reality.

  17. Unified Modern Mathematics, Course 3, Teachers Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study, New York, NY.

    This commentary is to be used with "Unified Modern Mathematics, Course III." Statements of specific purposes and goals of each section of every chapter of Course III are included in the "Commentary." Also included are suggestions for teaching concepts presented in each section; time estimates for each section; suggested instructional aids for…

  18. Unified Modern Mathematics, Course 1, Teachers Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study, New York, NY.

    This commentary is designed for use with "Unified Modern Mathematics, Course I," Parts 1 and 2. Included in the commentary are statements of the specific purposes and goals of each section of every chapter, suggestions for teaching the concepts presented in each section, time estimates for each section, suggested instructional aids for presenting…

  19. Unified Modern Mathematics, Course 2, Teachers Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study, New York, NY.

    This commentary is designed for use with "Unified Modern Mathematics, Course II," Parts 1 and 2. As in the commentary for "Course I," statements of the specific purposes and goals of each section of every chapter are presented. Also included are suggestions for teaching the concepts presented in each section, time estimates for each section,…

  20. Radulphus Brito's Commentary on Aristotle's De anima

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Boer, Sander W.

    2012-01-01

    In 1974, Winfried Fauser published his edition of Radulphus Brito's commentary on the third book of Aristotle's De anima. This contribution continues his project by providing an edition of Brito's commentary on the first book and the first third of the second book. An analysis of this part of the co

  1. Pathology of Commentary in Persian Literary Texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    احمد رضی

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Today commentary work has a significant role and place among the readers of Persian literary texts and those interested in them. The growing importance of commentary works in helping the readers understand and popularity of commentary works, notably in recent decades, has caused different commentators with different knowledge level and abilities to write comments and foster this disorganized market. This study intends to investigate the published commentary works in the past decades, analyze their week points. To do so, over 250 works, which have been written and published between 1300 AP (circa 1921 AD and 1387 AP (circa2008 AD and an attempt has been made to classify, describe, and analyze their most important problems and week points, and at the end, the most important items of best commentary and best commentators have been explained. This article intends to analyz the most important problems and week points of commentary works, which can be summarized in seven broad categories: 1 content shortcomings; 2 inappropriate approach; 3 incongruence between the structure of commentary work and type of the work and the commentator's objective; 4 lack of attention towards the readership; 5 carelessness and incompetency of the commentator; 6 complex statement and insensible language; 7 inaudibility of introductions. Key words: research methodology, commentary works, pathology, literary works

  2. Commentary: Toward Convergence in Creativity Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Ai-Girl; Wong, Meng-Ee

    2015-01-01

    This commentary is about reflection in the new language of creativity and the meanings of inquiry into creative life. The authors of the commentary adopt the cultural paradigm of psychology of creativity. They praise effortful creativity of the authors who submitted the articles to this special issue. Their studies employed diverse methods of…

  3. Commentary: Toward Convergence in Creativity Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Ai-Girl; Wong, Meng-Ee

    2015-01-01

    This commentary is about reflection in the new language of creativity and the meanings of inquiry into creative life. The authors of the commentary adopt the cultural paradigm of psychology of creativity. They praise effortful creativity of the authors who submitted the articles to this special issue. Their studies employed diverse methods of…

  4. Aportació a la biografia de Joan Roís de Corella: noves dades sobre el seu naixement i la seua mort

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaume J. Chiner Gimeno

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of a testament until now considered as lost, the author offers new documental evidence on Joan Roís de Corella's date of birth. This new information is particularly relevant at a moment when Corella's influence on writers, like for instance Joanot Martorell, is very much under scrutiny.

  5. Determination of the minor disinfection by-products formed in the water plant of Sant Joan Despi (Barcelona, Spain); Determinacion de los subproductos de desinfeccion minoritarios formados en la planta de Sant Joan Despi (Barcelona)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cancho, B.; Galceran, M.T. [Universitat de Barcelona (Spain); Ventura, F. [AGBAR. Societat General d` Aigues de Barcelona, S.A. (Spain)

    1997-09-01

    Chlorine is widely used in drinking water disinfection due to be a powerful and not expense disinfection. Although the benefits of disinfection, the formation of stable disinfection by-products of the health concern, is the result of the interaction of aqueous chlorine with natural organic matter presents in water. Disinfection by-products generated in major concentration are trihalomethane and haloacetic acids. Disinfection by-products generated in minor concentration are haloacetonitriles, haloketones,chloral hydrate and chloropicrin and some new groups such as cyanogen halides and trihaloacetaldydes. In this work two analytical methods.: headspace/gas chromatography/electron capture detector and liquid-liquid microextraction/gas chromatography/electron capture detector are studied and compared to determine the minor by-products and to establish finally, a systematic control of them in the different stages of the Water Treatment Plant of San Joan Despi (Barcelona, Spain). (Author) 12 refs.

  6. Spatial-temporal variation and moon effects on estuarine ichthyofauna: evidence for the Joanes River estuary – Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Amorim Reis-Filho

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abundance, biomass, length, richness, diversity and equitability data were obtained to investigate the effect of lunar cycle and spatial-temporal variation on the ichthyofauna of the Joanes River estuary. 1,497 fish were captured, weighing 7,760g and belonging to 48 species of 22 families. The analysis of the community indicated no significant differences regarding the effects of the moon, although the waning moon was responsible for higher captures. The composition and structure of the ichthyofauna varied with the sediment type and mangrove vegetation, where more individuals and more species preferred the muddy sediment in areas with preserved marginal vegetation. Groupings based on the abundance data did not follow the temporal variations of a long period of time, but fish assemblages with similar niches in relation to the habitat use preferred certain areas according to the sediment type.

  7. Reforma, orden y concierto en el Perú del siglo XVII: el arbitrio de Joan de Belveder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suárez, Margarita

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the life and work of Aragonese mathematician Joan de Belveder, who arrived in Peru at the end of the 16th century to make a living as a merchant. He published in Lima a work on gold and silver equivalents and, imbued with the spirit of arbitrismo, wrote a long memoir describing the general situation of the Kingdom of Peru and drawing attention on several matters that called for urgent resolution, including royal finance, tax evasion, embezzlement, smuggling in Atlantic and Asian trade, and the cultivation of crops competing with those produced in Spain. Belveder’s work provides an excellent overview of the main problems facing the Spanish administration and trade in Peru at the beginning of the 17th century.Este artículo analiza la vida y la obra de Joan de Belveder, matemático aragonés, que llegó al Perú hacia fines del siglo XVI para dedicarse al comercio. Publicó en Lima una obra sobre las equivalencias de oro y plata y, además, inmerso en el espíritu del arbitrismo, escribió un largo memorial acerca de la situación general del reino del Perú y de los asuntos que debían resolverse con más urgencia, que abarca temas como el manejo de la real hacienda, la evasión de impuestos, el fraude en los gastos del estado, el contrabando en el comercio atlántico y asiático, y el cultivo de productos que competían con aquellos elaborados en España. La obra de Belveder brinda un excelente panorama acerca de los principales problemas de la administración hispana y del comercio en el Perú a inicios del siglo XVII.

  8. Vínculos estéticos entre Miguel Querol y Joan Maragall en el Cant Espiritual

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    Pessarrodona i Pérez, Aurèlia

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Miguel Querol is mainly known as musicologist, although he was deeply interested in Philosophy and, specifically, in aesthetics and music thought. In this field, he wrote several articles on Joan Maragall, one of his favourite poets, besides vocal music based on texts by him, noteworthy the Cant espiritual. In this work we study how the latter piece synthesizes the style and thinking of both artists, becoming a reflection on art, creativity and the human being. Our approach is based on the analysis and comparison between the aesthetic postulates adopted by Querol and Maragall and the musical resources of Cant espiritual.Miguel Querol es conocido sobre todo como musicólogo, pero uno de los temas que más le interesó fue la filosofía y, en concreto, el pensamiento estético y musical. En este aspecto, Querol sintió especial predilección por Joan Maragall, sobre quien hizo diversos artículos y del que musicó algunos poemas, entre los cuales destaca el Cant espiritual. En este trabajo, a partir del análisis y la comparación entre los postulados estéticos de Querol y Maragall y los recursos musicales del Cant espiritual, se estudia cómo esta pieza sintetiza el pensamiento y estilo de ambos autores, convirtiéndose en una reflexión sobre el arte, la capacidad creativa del hombre y el ser humano en sí.

  9. Noucentisme i anglofília: Matthew Arnold en l’obra pedagògica de Joan Palau Vera (1905-1919 Novecentismo y anglofilia: Matthew Arnold en la obra pedagógica de Joan Palau Vera (1905-1919 The noucentisme cultural movement and Anglophilia: Matthew Arnold in the educational work of Joan Palau Vera (1905-1919

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sílvia Coll-Vinent

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available L’estudi confirma la influència del sistema educatiu derivat de les doctrines de Matthew Arnold (i Thomas Arnold a Catalunya, importades pel pedagog noucentista Joan Palau Vera (1866-1919 i experimentades al col·legi Mont d’Or (1905-1912. S’argumenta l’afinitat del model arnoldià amb la concepció noucentista d’educació, sòlidament vinculada a la cultura i a la instrucció cívica i moral. Complementen l’estudi dos annexos: el primer inclou les tres gloses que Eugeni d’Ors (Xènius va dedicar a Palau amb motiu de la seva mort; el segon és un text d’Eladi Homs que mostra la pervivència del model d’educació noucentista de base arnoldiana, encara en els anys 30 del segle passat. _____________________________________________ L’étude confirme l’influence du système éducatif découlant des doctrines de Matthew Arnold (et Thomas Arnold en Catalogne, importé par le pédagogue noucentista Joan Palau Vera (1866-1919 et expérimenté au collège Mont d’Or (1905-12. L’article présente l’affinité du modèle arnoldien avec la conception noucentista d’éducation, étroitement liée à la culture et à l’instruction civique et morale. Deux annexes viennent compléter l’étude : la première comprend les trois écrits qu’Eugeni d’Ors (Xènius a dédiés à Palau à l’occasion de sa mort ; la deuxième est un texte d’Eladi Homs qui montre la survivance du modèle d’éducation noucentista de base arnoldienne encore dans les années 30 du siècle dernier.Este trabajo confirma la influencia del sistema educativo derivado de las doctrinas de Matthew Arnold (y Thomas Arnold en Cataluña, importado por el pedagogo novecentista Joan Palau Vera (1866-1919 y experimentado en el colegio Mont d’Or (1905-1912. Se argumenta la afinidad del modelo arnoldiano con la concepción novecentista de educación, sólidamente vinculada a la cultura y a la instrucción cívica y moral. Complementan este estudio dos anexos: el

  10. Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Power, F. Clark

    1994-01-01

    Comments on revision of Piagetian theory of reciprocity in forgiveness by Enright (PS 522 365) in this issue. Reviews relationship of Enright theory to previous research. Suggests that forgiveness may require moral insights in addition to reciprocity, but reciprocity appears central to children's and adults' understanding of forgiveness. Provides…

  11. Commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason W. Moore

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Alf Hornborg says many useful things in his article, “Ecosystems and World Systems: Accumulation as an Ecological Process.” His effort to “ground the notion of capital accumulation in the physical realities of ecology and thermodynamics” is a much-needed corrective to nature-blind studies of capitalism. At a more paradigmatic level, his dismay at the “analytical disjuncture of ecology and economics” in modern social science is right on target (1998: 169. Yet, despite the article’s laudable intent, Hornborg goes astray by imputing to Marx a focus on labor that excludes the “physical realities” of labor reproduction, world trade, or imperialism. Hornborg is right to urge a synthesis of ecological and economic studies, but wrong in his call to “supplement” the labor theory of value with a “resource-oriented…concept of exploitation” (1998: 173. Even if Marx did not grapple with a global ecological crisis of contemporary standards, he was remarkably sensitive to ecological processes as they shaped, and were shaped by, capital accumulation; indeed, Marx studied intensively the works of the leading soil chemists of his day, foremost among them Justus von Liebig. Particularly in the ?rst and third volumes of Capital, Marx provides a compelling framework for comprehending the nature-society dialectic under capitalism.

  12. COMMENTARY

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    also constitute a critical block of health systems as they affect the ... Based on the above estimates, the projected total requirements for all ... The total estimated cost for the strategic plan is projected ..... this activity is also not budgeted for. Costs ...

  13. Commentary

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langsted, Lars Bo

    2013-01-01

    Konkluderer at Højesteret har accepteret at Cyberspace har sin egen jurisdiktion - men samtidig er en del af dansk efterforskninsgmæssig jurisdiktion: Accept af at politiet ved hjælp af brugernavn og password skaffer sig adgang til Facebook og Messenger-profiler, der fysisk befinder sig på server...

  14. Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northway, Ruth

    2003-01-01

    When I facilitate sessions that explore ethical aspects of research, one of the first activities I ask group members to do is to consider the rights which they believe they should have as potential research participants. Very quickly, and without exception, they are able to identify a range of issues from the right to confidentiality, through to freedom from harm and the right to know why the research is being undertaken. Given that these issues can so easily be identified, it could be tempting to assume that all research would be conducted in an ethical manner. Unfortunately, history reveals many horror stories of actions carried out in the name of research. Even today, questionable aspects of research are brought to light. The focus on research ethics within this edition of Nurse Researcher is thus a timely reminder of the key issues that need to be addressed.

  15. Commentary

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2015-11-26

    Nov 26, 2015 ... for all; (9) To build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable ... health system is weak, and rapid response is needed which allows economies ... health system destroys structural walls and dismantle all stand-.

  16. Commentary

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    2015-03-10

    Mar 10, 2015 ... Funding for health care programs has over the years been an important challenge for health and ... and governance, justice and human rights, and several other ... data obtained from funded projects in the developing world.

  17. Commentary

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2016-04-08

    Apr 8, 2016 ... Management, and Master in Hospital and Healthcare ... (Global Health, Health Financing, and Supply Chain Management); partnerships with ... research programmes is inspiring through close interactions between main stakeholders. .... GRD), and a Research Screening and Ethics Clearance Committee.

  18. Commentary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@Interventional therapy for congenital heart disease (CHD)was introduced in the 1960s following animal experiments and clinical studies using transluminal technique. However,it was not widely accepted in clinical applications until the 1990s because of the limitations of interventional devices and catheter technique. Interventional therapy is now well developed as a result of successful animal studies and clinical trials. It has a higher success rate than that of surgery in some CHD cases such as patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), pulmonary valve stenosis (PS), atrial septial defect (ASD) and coarctation of the aorta (CoA), and it may palliate some CHDs by atrial septostomy and interventional embolization of the pulmonary arteriovenous fistula.

  19. Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heller, Monica

    2014-01-01

    The subject of multilingualism in institutions has long been a central interest in sociolinguistics, and it is worth asking why. The answer lies in the role of institutions in the modern nation state, a point made over and over again by Michel Foucault. Institutions control access to all the resources a state can distribute; it distributes them…

  20. Commentary

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jens

    1993-01-01

    basically to understand the cognitive process and cooperative patterns of the actors in work, and to develop a framework for design of advanced information systems. The work contributed to a CEC basic research action project; MOHAWC; modeling human activities in work context (Rasmussen et al., 1991...... in the research paradigms than to extend the scope of the human factors profession to encompass total socio-technical systems. This conclusion is not in contradiction to the arguments in the articles reviewed, but calls for a substantial extension....

  1. Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izard, Carroll E.

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the article by Lewis in this issue in the context of complex systems theory. Reviews several concepts of complex systems theory, including self-organization, entropy, phase transitions, stochastic processes, nonlinearity, and attractors. Notes that Lewis highlights the need for psychological models to treat nonlinear processes, chaotic…

  2. Commentary

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ramakantb

    with 30 day outcome in acute ischemic stroke in. Nigerians. ... Kahn K, Tollman S. Stroke in rural South Africa- contributing to the little ... Metange J. Stroke incidence rate among black residents of Harare - A .... year review. West Afr J Med 2000 ...

  3. Commentary

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2017-06-01

    Jun 1, 2017 ... Unfortunately, pharmaceuticals have left their industrial and household confines and leaked into the environment. ... In Europe, a study of 40 households in rural Greece found 557 ... wells, and effluent from wastewater treatment plants for drug ... are present in the environment, their biological effects are.

  4. COMMENTARY

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2007-03-01

    Mar 1, 2007 ... Summary. Traditionally, the decline of vulture populations in southern Africa has been explained ... showing expansion; the lowland breeding sites of the Cape and Bearded Vulture .... face human pressure or food reduction.

  5. Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smetana, G. Judith

    1994-01-01

    Comments on the issues introduced by Saltzstein (PS 522 554) in this issue. Elaborates on Saltzstein's proposed social cognitive factors that may account for discrepancies between moral reasoning and action, highlighting strengths and weaknesses. (AA)

  6. Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heller, Monica

    2014-01-01

    The subject of multilingualism in institutions has long been a central interest in sociolinguistics, and it is worth asking why. The answer lies in the role of institutions in the modern nation state, a point made over and over again by Michel Foucault. Institutions control access to all the resources a state can distribute; it distributes them…

  7. Commentary: is CIT today's lobotomy?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geller, Jeffrey L

    2008-01-01

    Birthed in Memphis, Tennessee, in 1988, Crisis Intervention Teams (CITs) have had remarkable growth spurts with few, if any, developmental milestones to document their progress. Compton and colleagues investigated the evidence basis for CIT and found very little. They perhaps found even more than there actually is. There are contributions to CIT outcomes that are rooted in local variations in mental health services and regional culture. These are considered in this commentary, using Memphis as the example. None of us should be surprised that reform is evidence-absent. The mental illness delivery system and the criminal justice system have been instituting reform, and these reforms have had reverberating changes between the two systems, with little or no data to support the changes, for centuries. That there would be unexpected consequences should be obvious. But apparently not so evident that we don't continue to take one blind step after another. Is CIT on firm footing, or just another fool's journey?

  8. El sueño de la nación produce ensayos: el ensayismo de reflexión nacional de Joan Fuster Le songe de la nation produit des essais : la réflexion nationale de Joan Fuster

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Rodríguez Milán

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Le présent article analyse les origines intellectuelles de l’écrivain espagnol Joan Fuster i Ortells (1922-1992 et les caractéristiques essentielles de son abondante production écrite de «réflexion nationale» c'est-à-dire, les essais de Fuster concernant l’histoire et la culture de la Catalogne, son présent, son avenir et ses conflits avec le nationalisme culturel espagnol.El presente artículo analiza los orígenes intelectuales del escritor español Joan Fuster i Ortells (1922-1992 y las características esenciales de su abundante producción escrita de «reflexión nacional» –es decir los ensayos de Fuster referidos a la historia y la cultura de Cataluña, su presente, su porvenir y sus conflictos con el nacionalismo cultural español.The article studies the intellectual origins of the Spanish writer Joan Fuster i Ortells (1922-1992 and the main characteristics of his abundant written production related to «reflecting upon the nation» –this is the essays Joan Fuster dedicates to the history and culture of Catalonia, its present, its future and its conflicts with the Spanish cultural nationalism.

  9. Publishers at the Intersection of Cultures. The significance of Italo-Dutch contacts in the creation process of Joan Blaeu’s Theatrum Italiae(1663

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Moorman

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Editori all’incrocio di culture: l’importanza di contatti italo-olandesi per la creazione del Theatrum Italiae (Joan Blaeu, 1663 Sfogliando le pagine di atlanti urbani come il Theatrum Italiae, pubblicato per la prima volta nel 1663 dalla casa editrice Blaeu di Amsterdam, si è sempre potuto fare un viaggio mentale alla scoperta della penisola italiana. Focalizzando la nostra attenzione sul processo editoriale sottostante la creazione dell’atlante, analizziamo che tipo di contatti esistevano tra i Blaeu e i loro partner italiani. Il ruolo di Pieter Blaeu, figlio di Joan, fu essenziale per la fortuna dell’atlante urbano, in particolare per gli interventi culturali da lui svolti tra le parti italiane e olandesi coinvolte nel progetto. I Blaeu hanno voluto offrire ai loro lettori informazioni approfondite sulla penisola italiana attraverso testi e immagini che avevano − per quanto possibile − collezionato e ricevuto dai loro corrispondenti italiani. È stato grazie ai vari contributi offerti da contatti internazionali come lo scrittore Vincenzo Armanni, o il libraio Andries Fries, attivo tra Amsterdam e Venezia, che Joan e Pieter Blaeu hanno potuto ampliare il materiale già pubblicato in precedenza, in special modo il Civitates Orbis Terrarum (Braun e Hogenberg, 1572.

  10. Commentary: The practice of empathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spiro, Howard

    2009-09-01

    In response to the articles in this issue about measuring physician empathy by Hojat and colleagues, Di Lillo and colleagues, and Kataoka and colleagues, this commentary further explores the concept of empathy. It is posited that empathy is an emotion important to medical care, but it is emphasized that it really doesn't matter whether empathy is a thought or an emotion. Retaining or enhancing it in medical care givers is worth doing and may be achieved through (1) the selection of medical students and others who will care for the sick, (2) the training caretakers receive, and more fundamentally even, (3) reconsideration of what doctors do in a world so much changed and so diverse.Empathy is the foundation of patient care, and it should frame the skills of the profession. It may be that empathy can be taught by example, but the minds of students, like soil, must be prepared before they can nourish seeds of knowledge, and in some soils little grows. Physicians must have the time to listen to their patients. Listening can create empathy--if physicians remain open to be moved by the stories they hear. Empathy has always been and will always be among a physician's most essential tools of practice.

  11. La dona de record immarcescible. Ecos almerienses en la obra etimológica de Joan Coromines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Enrique Gargallo Gil

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La «dona de record immarcescible»: así evoca Joan Coromines a su esposa en un poema inserto en el diccionario etimológico catalán (DECat y fechado el mismo año, 1981, de la muerte de esta. Bárbara de Haro Rodríguez, a quien se refiere siempre mediante alusiones elusivas, tanto en el DECat como en el diccionario castellano e hispánico (DCECH, era originaria de Bédar (Almería, y es sin lugar a dudas la fuente oral que proporciona los datos que Coromines refleja en su obra etimológica, sobre todo en el DCECH. La posibilidad de realizar búsquedas textuales en la edición electrónica de este diccionario (DCECH 2012, tales como «gente de Bédar» o «montañas de Almería», permite la detección de abundantes referencias almerienses, que testimonian una de las múltiples facetas de la poliédrica personalidad del etimólogo.

  12. Commentary on Sources of Ostracism Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grahe, Jon E

    2015-01-01

    This article briefly introduces and provides commentary on this special issue, "Investigating How Individuals Feel Ostracizing Others" in the Journal of Social Psychology. This commentary uses first-person recollections from early ostracism studies to help frame the special issue in the larger scope of ostracism research. Modern ostracism research started in the early 1990s and hundreds of studies have advanced our understanding of this phenomenon. However, the preponderance of research has focused on the target of ostracism (those being ostracized) and relied primarily on a single method in experimental studies. The present special issue includes articles that employed a variety of research approaches and focused exclusively on the sources (those who do the ostracism). Finally, this commentary invites researchers to more fully investigate this understudied aspect of a common phenomenon that people are likely to engage in regularly.

  13. Approaches to Political Commentary in Scandinavia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bengtsson, Mette

    2015-01-01

    Political commentary is a contested genre that has attracted a great deal of attention in the Scandinavian public debate, whereas the scholarly literature on it is still in an initial phase. In order to strengthen future research, the present paper suggests a two-dimensional matrix indexing...... the research on Scandinavian political commentary along the dimensions text/context and descriptive/evaluative. The matrix enables us to see more clearly what we already know and where we lack knowledge. It enables us to see how each category can be developed, the interplay among them, and the obvious lack...

  14. Datascapes o los paisajes visuales de la globalización: Googlegrams de Joan Fontcuberta y Technophobia de Gordon Cheung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hidalgo, Emilse

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available [es] Este artículo explora los collages de Gordon Cheung y Joan Fontcuberta para debatir lo que Arjun Appadurai ha identificado como los paisajes mediáticos, étnicos, ideológicos y financieros de la globalización. El argumento principal se centra en cómo sus obras exploran los medios tecnológicos en el campo de la cultura sin abandonar la función política del arte, entendida aquí como crítica reflexiva. La obra de Cheung es interpretada desde los espacios neoliberales contemporáneos urbanos, según los teorizan David Harvey y Marc Augé. Obras como Technophobia, de Cheung, evocan, por un lado, los “no-lugares” de la sobremodernidad, y la omnipresencia del capitalismo financiero neoliberal, por otro. Los collages foto-mediáticos de Fontcuberta son analizados desde las controversias que los binomios verdad/ objetividad/ referencialidad vs falacia/ manipulación/ construcción aún despiertan en el fotoperiodismo y el documentalismo en la era de la reproducción digital. La función política de estos collages es rescatada como una forma no sólo de evitar la banalización de la cultura de masas, de la reprodución ad infinitum de imágenes, y de la muerte de la originalidad, la autoría, y la primacía de la copia, el recorte, la imitación y el ensamble de materiales reciclados, sino también como una forma de estimular una reflexividad crítica política y social. [en] This paper looks into the collages of Gordon Cheung and Joan Fontcuberta to discuss what Arjun Appadurai has identified as the ethno-/finance-/media-/and ideological-scapes of modernity and globalization. On the main, the argument focuses on how their work explores the technological media in the field of culture without abandoning the political function of art, understood here as a critical reflexivity. Cheung’s work is interpreted from the perspective of its representation of contemporary neoliberal spaces, as theorised by David Harvey and Marc Augé. Works

  15. Geometry in the Early Years: A Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dindyal, Jaguthsing

    2015-01-01

    The primary goal of this paper is to provide a commentary on the teaching and learning of geometry in the early years of schooling with the set of papers in this issue as a guiding factor. It is structured around issues about geometry education of young learners, such as: what should we teach in geometry and why; representation of geometrical…

  16. Kidney research national dialogue overview and commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rys-Sikora, Krystyna E; Ketchum, Christian J; Star, Robert A

    2013-09-01

    The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) asked the scientific community to formulate and prioritize research objectives to improve understanding of kidney function and disease. The Kidney Research National Dialogue welcomed all interested parties to submit, discuss, and prioritize ideas via an interactive website. More than 1600 participants posted approximately 300 ideas and assigned them to 12 topic areas (AKI, CKD, diabetic nephropathy, National Kidney Disease Education Program/translation, ESRD/dialysis, GN/inflammation, hypertension, normal biology/development/physiology, polycystic kidney disease, training, transplantation, other). This commentary provides an overview of the NIDDK's first experience with web-based strategic planning and addresses the broader issues of open access and cloud-sourcing technologies to capture input from a large, heterogeneous group of contributors. Discussions and findings for each topic will be published as separate, forthcoming commentaries. A final commentary will present cross-cutting themes and concluding remarks. The hope is that this series of commentaries constitutes a cohesive, integrated vision of future research opportunities to be pursued by the kidney research community and supported by the NIDDK.

  17. Language interpretation and generation for football commentary

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijholt, A.; Akker, op den H.J.A.; Jong, de F.M.G.; Miyares, L. R.; Alvarez, C. E.; Silva Alvarez, M. R.

    2003-01-01

    Our interest in the computer processing of football commentary was at first given in by the EU/IST funded project MUMIS (Multimedia Indexing and Searching) that started in 2000 [11, 18, 19]. This project's objective is to develop technology for automatic indexing of multimedia programme material (te

  18. A Response to Andrea R. Halpern's Commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freya Bailes

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The author responds to points raised in Andrea Halpern’s commentary, which appeared in Vol. 2, No. 1 of Empirical Musicology Review. Discussion focuses on the apparent contradiction between self-reports of veridical mental imagery of musical timbre, and cognitive constraints on temporal memory for multidimensional sound.

  19. Conscientiousness in Life Course Context: A Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costanzo, Philip R.

    2014-01-01

    In this commentary, the common themes from the interesting articles in this special section of "Developmental Psychology" are considered as they illuminate the potential ontogenetic sources of the conscientiousness-well-being-longevity interconnections that have emerged in recent research. In particular, consideration is given to the…

  20. Conscientiousness in Life Course Context: A Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costanzo, Philip R.

    2014-01-01

    In this commentary, the common themes from the interesting articles in this special section of "Developmental Psychology" are considered as they illuminate the potential ontogenetic sources of the conscientiousness-well-being-longevity interconnections that have emerged in recent research. In particular, consideration is given to the…

  1. Geometry in the Early Years: A Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dindyal, Jaguthsing

    2015-01-01

    The primary goal of this paper is to provide a commentary on the teaching and learning of geometry in the early years of schooling with the set of papers in this issue as a guiding factor. It is structured around issues about geometry education of young learners, such as: what should we teach in geometry and why; representation of geometrical…

  2. Little house of oxymorons with commentaries

    CERN Document Server

    Carter, Steven

    2010-01-01

    This volume features well over 200 fresh and original oxymorons with commentaries-all with a satirical twist. As a satire, Little House of Oxymorons complements Steven Carter's The New Devil's Dictionary, a two-volume 'sequel' to Ambrose Bierce's notorious The Devil's Dictionary of a century ago.

  3. Sobre la filosofia de l’humanista valencià Joan Serra al "De contemplatione amicicie". Notes a una traducció catalana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvador Cuenca Almenar

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Resum: Presentem la traducció catalana del De contemplatione amicicie, escrit per l’humanista valenciàJoan Serra l’any 1454. La traducció parteix de l’edició curada per Evencio Beltran de l’únic manuscritconegut: BNF ms Nat. lat. 8756. La translació s’acompanya d’una introducció historicofilosòficaarticulada al voltant de l’analogia fonamental de l’obra, a saber, la concòrdia absoluta de dos amicsés com la unió perfecta del cos i de l’ànima humana. S’hi analitzen les fonts fonamentals: Cicerói Pseudo-Agustí, i s’hi constata l’organització dual dels continguts del text, en tant que dedica elscapítols senars a la consideració de la unió del cos i l’ànima segons la filosofia natural, mentre queels parells a la concòrdia absoluta dels amics virtuosos d’acord amb la filosofia moral.Paraules clau: Joan Serra, Ciceró, Pseudo-Agustí, Filosofia moral de l’amistat, Humanismevalencià.Abstract: We present the Catalan translation of De contemplatione amicicie, written by the Valencianhumanist Joan Serra in 1454. The translation is based on the only known manuscript (BNFms Nat. lat. 8756, edited by Evencio Beltran. The likelihood of the perfect union between bodyand soul and the complete accord between two friends is the basic analogy of the text and guidesthe composition of a historical and philosophical introduction that precedes the translation. Weanalyze its main sources, namely, Cicero and Pseudo-Augustine. Moreover, we reveal the dual organizationof the text, which devotes odd chapters to natural philosophy and to the union betweenbody and soul, while even chapters to ethics and to the absolute accord between virtuous friends.Keywords: JoanSerra, Cicero, Pseudo-Augustine, moral philosophy of friendship, Valencian humanism

  4. La imatge dels Mossos d’Esquadra i del Conseller d’Interior Joan Saura a la premsa catalana (2007-2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sílvia Cabezas d’Alcalà

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available El document analitza el tractament periodístic efectuat entre els anys 2007-2009 envers la policia catalana, amb Joan Saura com a responsable de la conselleria d’Interior. La decisió de Saura de posar càmeres de vigilància dins les comissaries provoca el rebuig del Cos i de bona part de la premsa. Hi ha divisió d’opinions entre la premsa escrita, però el posicionament editorial de la majoria de diaris estudiats acusen Saura de desprestigiar la policia catalana per mitjà d’aquesta i d’altres iniciatives.

  5. The preface by João Cabral de Melo Neto to Em Va Fer Joan Brossa: Theory and practice of realism in two poets from the post-war.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melcion Mateu

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1951, the book Em va fer Joan Brossa [Joan Brossa  Made me] was published in Barcelona, with a preface by João Cabral de Melo Neto. It is a useful text to better understand Brossa as well as Cabral; it is a significant text in order to grasp the individual response of these poets to the problem of returning to realism for the early post-war period. A translation of João Cabral de Melo Neto's preface, previously unpublished in Portuguese, is presented here.

  6. La victoire du lobby gallinacé, ou les enjeux de la révolution numérique dans l’oeuvre photofictionnelle de Joan Fontcuberta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Servanne Monjour

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Face à l’émergence de la culture numérique, le marché de l’image subit depuis plusieurs années une série de mutations: obsolescence de l’argentique, difficultés des services photos de la presse écrite. Quel écho donnent les artistes, photographes ou écrivains, à cet état de crise avant tout économique du fait photographique? Assisterait-on vraiment à la mort du photographique? Cet article propose de mesurer l’impact de la révolution numérique à travers le prisme des photofictions de Joan Fontcuberta. Rejetant aussi bien les interprétations téléologiques qu’apocalyptiques de cette transition technologique, Joan Fontcuberta prend acte d’une désindexation du fait photographique, et signe une oeuvre résolument photolittéraire.

  7. Commentary: Pursuing justice in death penalty trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Clarence; Eth, Spencer; Leong, Gregory B

    2012-01-01

    The capital trial, by its nature, is fraught with emotionally disturbing elements that jurors must face when deciding the ultimate fate of a guilty defendant. A confluence of mitigating and aggravating factors influences a capital jury's decision to impose a sentence of death. The presence or absence of defendant remorse in these cases may make all the difference in whether a capital defendant's life is spared. This commentary examines the onerous emotional toll encountered by capital jurors in light of the findings of Corwin and colleagues regarding defendant remorse and juror's need for affect. The commentary also presents practical and ethics-related considerations that should be kept in mind when reflecting on their study.

  8. Urban Forms and Future Cities: A Commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shlomo Angel

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The commentary reflects on the critical ways in which the proliferation of private property rights and local planning powers constrain and delimit the changes in the forms of cities that will be required in the coming years to ensure that they remain productive, inclusive, and sustainable. It argues that the effective management of the coming disruptions now require a shift of power from the private and the local to the metropolitan and the regional.

  9. Ressenya a Joan Veny i Àngels Massip (dirs., Col·lecció Scripta. Xavier Luna-Batlle (Coord.. Universitat de Barcelona, Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Publicacions de l’Abadia de Montserrat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joan Carles Villalonga

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Review to Joan Veny i Àngels Massip (dirs., Col·lecció Scripta. Xavier Luna-Batlle (Coord.. Universitat de Barcelona, Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Publicacions de l’Abadia de Montserrat

  10. “A good deal about California does not, on its own preferred terms, add up”: Joan Didion between Dawning Apocalypse and Retrogressive Utopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva-Sabine Zehelein

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Joan Didion’s depiction of the American West and California is colored by an idiosyncratic sensitivity to her surroundings, intertwined with a sentimental-retrogressive image of the nature, history, character, and meaning of the West as a cultural topos. Her New Journalism-like observations of California are always closely linked to her own self and psyche, are seismographs of her own confusions, of moments of disorientation, insecurity, and loss. Didion is therefore one of those exceptional writers, who, in her fictionalized reportages, comments on American reality, ideas, and her own predicament. Identity and landscape fuse into an auto-psychoanalysis, which at the same time reveals a great deal about the American condition, its constantly strained relationship between rhetoric or auto-mythology and lived reality. This article draws primarily on Slouching Towards Bethlehem (1968 and Where I Was From (2003, but also on After Henry (1992 and The White Album (1979, to illustrate these points.

  11. Usage-based Theory(UBT):A Milestone in American Functionalism——An Interview with Professor Joan L.Bybee

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王仁强

    2011-01-01

    The article presents an email interview with Dr.Joan L.Bybee,Distinguished Professor at the University of New Mexico in the Department of Linguistics and the 2004 President of the Linguistic Society of America.Her research interests include morphology,phonology,typology and universals,grammaticalization and psycholinguistics.Dr.Bybee started the usage-based studies of language from as early as the 1970s.And it is found that in recent years,usage-based linguistics or usage-based theory(UBT) has gained currency in the cognitive and functional approaches to language.In this interview,Dr.Bybee informs us of the most important aspects of UBT,including the basic tenet,the nature of language as a complex adaptive system,effects of frequency on language structure,methodological implications,and so on.

  12. Commentary: Situated learning in the Network society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rune Krumsvik

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available There is a need to develop a broader view of knowledge for dealing with the way in which new digital trends influence the underlying conditions for schools, pedagogy and subjects. This short commentary article, based on my paper at the NVU-conference 2008, will therefore highlight whether a broader view of knowledge - situated learning, digital literacy and the digital revolution can generate new ways of how we perceive pedagogy within the new educational reform in Norway in particular and the digitized school in general. The focus is particularly angled towards the implications this may have for developing new practises for teachers and students.

  13. «Tragèdia de Caldesa», de Joan Roís de Corella: una aproximació textual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep Romeu i Figueras

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The author offers a commentary-edition of the famous Corellian prose work, putting forward an interpretation of its story line in autobiographical terms and placing it chronologically in the life of the writer, who might have turnedan authentic personal experience into a piece of literature.

  14. Flatland an edition with notes and commentary

    CERN Document Server

    Abbott, Edwin A; Banchoff, Thomas F

    2010-01-01

    Flatland, Edwin Abbott Abbott's story of a two-dimensional universe, as told by one of its inhabitants who is introduced to the mysteries of three-dimensional space, has enjoyed an enduring popularity from the time of its publication in 1884. This fully annotated edition enables the modern-day reader to understand and appreciate the many "dimensions" of this classic satire. Mathematical notes and illustrations enhance the usefulness of Flatland as an elementary introduction to higher-dimensional geometry. Historical notes show connections to late-Victorian England and to classical Greece. Citations from Abbott's other writings as well as the works of Plato and Aristotle serve to interpret the text. Commentary on language and literary style includes numerous definitions of obscure words. An appendix gives a comprehensive account of the life and work of Flatland's remarkable author.

  15. Commentary: grading: what is it good for?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durning, Steven J; Hemmer, Paul A

    2012-08-01

    Grading students is a necessary but challenging activity. In this commentary, the authors respond to the compelling national data about clerkship grading in U.S. medical schools presented by Alexander and colleagues. They present perspectives and cautions for how the medical education community might perceive these findings and examine how the community can act to address them. The authors discuss several aspects of normative versus criterion-based grading, reliability, and educational theory to provide context for the results reported by Alexander and colleagues. To address variability among and within schools with regard to grading systems and terminology, the authors argue for more credible and transparent interpretation of what grades mean rather than inflexible regulation of grade distributions.

  16. Commentary on Huovinen's "Varieties of Musical Empiricism"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric F. Clarke

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Erkki Huovinen’s “Varieties of Musicological Empiricism” provides a valuable analysis of some of the theoretical predicaments raised by pursuing an empirical musicology. But in this commentary, I argue for a less programmatic, and more pragmatic, approach to the term than he does. Empirical approaches in musicology have been around in one form or another for a long time, and the purpose of the label is less to identify a new ‘brand’ of musicology than to bring together a diversity of approaches that in different ways capitalise on the opportunities that data collection (in the broadest sense of the term may provide. If programme is set aside in favour of pragmatism, and a looser relationship between theory and observation accepted, then empirical musicology can be a productive way to rub ideas up against a stimulatingly resistant world.

  17. Commentary: Jail-based competency restoration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapoor, Reena

    2011-01-01

    Many factors influence restoration of competence to stand trial: age, IQ, severity of mental illness, criminal history, treatment history, and others. This commentary poses the question of whether competency to stand trial is also influenced by the setting in which restoration treatment occurs. Jail-based competency-restoration programs, which are in their infancy and have yet to produce large-scale data demonstrating their efficacy, are examined. Several factors related to jail-based restoration are considered: choosing the right candidates for the program, impact of treatment in a punitive setting, ability to maintain separation between treaters and forensic evaluators, procedures for involuntary medication, aggregation of incompetent defendants in regional jails, effect on malingering, and cost savings.

  18. Commentary on a framework for multicultural education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammerich, Karin F

    2014-09-01

    Today's changing demographics require that multicultural factors be considered in the delivery of quality patient-centred health care in chiropractic. Yet minimal training in cultural competency in chiropractic education leaves graduates ill-equipped to treat a diverse population. This commentary examines cultural competency training in current literature, demonstrates frameworks for curriculum integration, and suggests how cultural competency might be included in a chiropractic college curriculum. A database search yielded little evidence that cultural competency is integrated into curricula of chiropractic schools. Some journal articles note that promoting multicultural education and cultural sensitivity is an important goal. However, they provide no mechanisms as to how this can be achieved within training programs. Thus, although an undeniable need exists for all healthcare practitioners to develop cultural competency in the face of an increasingly diverse population, cultural competency education has not kept pace. Chiropractic schools must review their curricula to develop the cultural competencies of their graduates and a basic framework is suggested.

  19. Commentary: PhDs in biochemistry education-5 years later.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Offerdahl, Erika G; Momsen, Jennifer L; Osgood, Marcy

    2014-01-01

    In this commentary, the discussion of PhDs in biochemistry education research is expanded to explore a number of diverse pathways leading to a competitive research program in biochemistry education research.

  20. Commentary: PhDs in Biochemistry Education--5 Years Later

    Science.gov (United States)

    Offerdahl, Erika G.; Momsen, Jennifer L.; Osgood, Marcy

    2014-01-01

    In this commentary, the discussion of PhDs in biochemistry education research is expanded to explore a number of diverse pathways leading to a competitive research program in biochemistry education research.

  1. A research proposal for a new commentary on John

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Landon

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The author offers a research proposal for a new commentary on the Gospel of John, provisionally entitled An Internal Textual Commentary on John, Part I: A Commentary on the Apparatus to NA27; Part J/: A Selective Commentary on the Apparatus to Tischendorf and Elliott & Parker. In the proposal, he responds to criticism of his previous work on Jude offered by Peter Head in Novum Testamentum 61(2 181-185. The proposed work on John will not exemplify thorough-going eclecticism in practice, but will instead measure (1 the internal strength of three major text-types, and (2 the internal strength of two editions of the Greek New Testament, NA27 and Westcott & Hort (1881.

  2. Brazilian Social Psychology in the international context: a commentary

    OpenAIRE

    Valentim, Joaquim Pires

    2013-01-01

    The present paper is a commentary on the talks given by Torres and Álvaro and by Krüger regarding Brazilian Social Psychology in the international context. Starting with a brief contrast with the situation in Portugal, this commentary next approaches, in a synthetic way, questions that cut across social psychology in the international setting, namely, those related with the recurrent dichotomy individual/collective, the great advances in social neuroscience, the study of minorities, the scarc...

  3. Commentary: Osler in a brave new world.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphrey, Holly J

    2008-10-01

    The current issue of Academic Medicine includes a proposal to reform internal medicine residency education by returning to the Oslerian ideal of an internist as a consultant-generalist. To meet this goal, the proposed model focuses on a traditional inpatient learning experience with outpatient learning structured in blocks rather than continuity clinics. In this commentary, the author contends that today's learning environment is significantly different from the learning environment of the 1890s when the Oslerian ideal was conceived. Inpatient wards are often filled with patients who arrive to the hospital ward with a diagnosis already made. Residency education needs to take into account the technological and scientific advances of today's age to ensure that residents are learning the fundamental skills required of all physicians--delivering a precise differential diagnosis which leads to the ultimate evaluation and treatment plan. Meaningful experience with patients who cover the full spectrum of health and illness will bring the most robust learning for our residents. To attain these experiences, our residents must practice in a variety of environments, including in inpatient services, intensive care units, and outpatient clinics. Just as in designing a well-balanced financial portfolio, educational programs must be equally well balanced to achieve the learning and patient outcomes that residents expect and patients deserve.

  4. Invited commentary: the testimony of Dr. Snow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandenbroucke, J P

    2000-07-01

    This paper presents a commentary on the testimony delivered by Dr. John Snow before the British Parliamentary Committee in 1855. It is noted that in Snow's testimony was highlighted his extremely strong belief in germ theory and contagion and his consequent contempt for anything close to the rivaling theory that miasmatic emanations cause disease. Snow's unreasonableness may have been because he already held his germ theory and drinking water convictions before he made his observations. In addition, based on his published books it has become apparent that even his data analysis was guided by such preconceptions. Although Snow's opinion on germ theory created contemporaries, it is noted however, that Snow did not truly sway contemporary opinion, and his theories were not agreed as a complete breakthrough in the way that they are often presented as being in epidemiological textbooks. Overall, the fundamental problem with the miasma and contagion theories at the time was that both failed to answer certain questions, including transmission of diseases, development of diseases, and the issue of temporary carriers of causative germs.

  5. Influence of Nb stabilization on the recovery and recrystallization kinetics of a ferritic stainless steel with soft magnetic properties for automotive applications Influência da estabilização do Nb na cinética de recuperação e recristalização de um aço inoxidável ferrítico com propriedades magnéticas macias para aplicações automotivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Meyer

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Usually niobium is added in ferritic stainless steels to avoid chromium carbides precipitation and then to improve corrosion resistance and to avoid embrittlemet. This study shows that a low Nb stabilization makes recrystallization nucleation much faster and prevents incomplete recrystallization. A qualitative interpretation, based on interaction with precipitates, is proposed and explains the main features of the softening kinetics as well as the microstructures obtained. Above a specific magnetizing frequency, the deformed state led to smaller losses than the recrystallized state. These results are believed to be attributed to a grain size effect. This leads to soft magnetic properties that makes 17%CrNb ferritic stainless steels a very interesting solution for the market of electromagnetic injection. Improving response-time of fuel injection valves is a great challenge for automotive industry in order to enhance car engine efficiency and to limit noxious gas emission.Normalmente o nióbio é adicionado aos aços inoxidáveis ferríticos para se evitar a precipitação de carbonetos de cromo e, em seguida, para se melhorar a resistência à corrosão e para se evitar a fragilização. Esse estudo mostra que a estabilização com baixo Nb baixo promove a nucleação da recristalização muito mais rapidamente e evita a recristalização incompleta. Uma interpretação qualitativa, baseada na interação com precipitados, é proposta. Nessa interpretação, explicam-se as principais características da cinética de amolecimento, bem como as microestruturas obtidas. Acima de uma frequência específica de magnetização, o estado deformado leva a perdas menores do que o estado recristalizado. Acredita-se que esses resultados podem ser atribuídos a um efeito de tamanho de grão. Isto leva a propriedades magnéticas macias, que faz dos aços inoxidáveis ferríticos 17% CrNb uma solução muito interessante para o mercado de injeção eletromagn

  6. 11 CFR 100.73 - News story, commentary, or editorial by the media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false News story, commentary, or editorial by the... (2 U.S.C. 431) Exceptions to Contributions § 100.73 News story, commentary, or editorial by the media. Any cost incurred in covering or carrying a news story, commentary, or editorial by any broadcasting...

  7. 11 CFR 100.132 - News story, commentary, or editorial by the media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false News story, commentary, or editorial by the... DEFINITIONS (2 U.S.C. 431) Exceptions to Expenditures § 100.132 News story, commentary, or editorial by the media. Any cost incurred in covering or carrying a news story, commentary, or editorial by any...

  8. Sustainable business models and the automotive industry: A commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Wells

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This commentary reviews the position articulated in an article published in 2004 that the business model prevalent in the automotive industry was inadequate to meeting the challenge of sustainability, and reviews the key developments since then. The most noticeable developments the commentary traces are the growth in academic interest in business models, a more responsive government policy particularly in respect of new technologies, and the practical application of the concepts and ideas mooted in the original paper, notably with respect to electric vehicles.

  9. German Functionalist Approaches to the Chinese-English Translation of Commentaries in Ningxia Museum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任宁

    2013-01-01

      Museum commentary emerges as the times demand. It falls into the category of publicity text. Not only does museum commentary play an important role in transferring information, but also in disseminating culture. Meanwhile, museum commentary translation is a prominent part of culture, carrying the task of cultural communication between China and foreign countries. Howev⁃er, scholars do not pay enough attention to museum commentary translation. Under the guidance of German functionalism, translators could pay much attention to the function of the museum commentary and adopt flexible translation strategies to fulfill it.

  10. On One Masorah in Rashi's Biblical Commentary

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    Himmelfarb, Lea

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of our research was to clarify the Masoretic sources which Rashi used in his commentary on the word נחלה in Ezek. 47:19. Rashi claims that he has see that the stress is penultimate for גחלה מצרים (Num. 34:5 and that the Masorah ad loc is לית בטעמא (= unique with this accentuation. I examined scores of medieval Biblical manuscripts that originated from all known regions but did not find a single Masoretic note formulated in this way. Moreover, they all apply the ב (= two occurrences in different wording, without the use of לית as Rashi does. In only one manuscript, Parma di Rossi 2, did I find the note ל פס דס וחד נתלה עבר על נפשנו (the word-pair מצרים נחלה is unique in the Bible as is נחלה עבר על נפשנו. I suggest viewing this note and the other one quoted by Rashi לית בטעמא as a rewording by the Masoretes of the equivalent note found in the Aleppo and Leningrad Manuscripts: בתרי לישני ב (= a unique pair of words identical in pronunciation but different in meaning.

    El propósito de nuestra investigación ha sido dilucidar cuáles fueron las fuentes masoréticas que Rashi empleó en su comentario a la palabra נחלה en Ezek. 47:19. Rashi sostiene haber visto que el acento va en la penúltima sílaba en גחלה מצרים (Num. 34:5, y que la Masora ad loc es לית בטעמא (única por tener dicha acentuación. Por nuestra parte, hemos examinado numerosos manuscritos originarios de todas las regiones conocidas, pero no hemos encontrado ni una sola anotación masorética formulada de este modo. Además, todos ellos utilizan en sus masoras el ב (dos casos en diferentes ocasiones, pero sin usar לית del modo que lo hace Rashi. Sólo en un manuscrito, Parma di Rossi 2, pudimos encontrar la anotación ל פס דס וחד נתלה עבר על נפשנו (la pareja נחלה מצרים es única en la Biblia, al igual que

  11. Commentary on A General Curriculum in Mathematics for Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Committee on the Undergraduate Program in Mathematics, Berkeley, CA.

    This document constitutes a complete revision of the report of the same name first published in 1965. A new list of basic courses is described, consisting of Calculus I, Calculus II, Elementary Linear Algebra, Multivariable Calculus I, Linear Algebra, and Introductory Modern Algebra. Commentaries outline the content and spirit of these courses in…

  12. Commentary--Culture and Attachment during Middle Childhood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Bin-Bin

    2015-01-01

    Culture has an important impact on attachment. This commentary highlights three aspects about culture and attachment in middle childhood: (1) the need to have a more sophisticated consideration of the implication of cultural values, (2) the need to incorporate the role of societal or political ecological contexts, and (3) the need to solve the…

  13. A Declaration on Learning--A Commentary Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walton, John S.

    2005-01-01

    This paper subjects "A Declaration on Learning" published in the UK in 2000 to a critical review. A brief synopsis of the text is followed by a commentary discourse drawing upon critical discourse analysis (Fairclough 2001) and incorporating meta content analysis, rhetorical analysis and genre analysis. Conclusions are drawn related to the…

  14. RTI Confusion in the Case Law and the Legal Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2011-01-01

    This article expresses the position that the current legal commentary and cases do not sufficiently differentiate response to intervention (RTI) from the various forms of general education interventions that preceded it, thus compounding confusion in professional practice as to legally defensible procedures for identifying children as having a…

  15. Statistics by Example, Exploring Data, Teachers' Commentary and Solutions Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zelinka, Martha; Sutherland, Michael

    Part I of the teachers' commentary for "Exploring Data" includes a brief description of demands on the reader in terms of reading vocabulary and mathematical skills and comprehension, lists the substantive areas covered by the examples, suggests ways in which the pamphlet might be used in the classroom, and discusses background information for the…

  16. Behavioral Theory and Culture Special Issue: Authors' Response to Commentaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasick, Rena J.; Burke, Nancy J.; Joseph, Galen

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the authors' response to commentaries that focus on the "Behavioral Constructs and Culture in Cancer Screening" (3Cs) study. The 3Cs study had an unremarkable beginning, with two colleagues discussing their frustration over the narrow range of behavioral theories and the limited guidance the theories offered for a study…

  17. Commentary--Culture and Attachment during Middle Childhood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Bin-Bin

    2015-01-01

    Culture has an important impact on attachment. This commentary highlights three aspects about culture and attachment in middle childhood: (1) the need to have a more sophisticated consideration of the implication of cultural values, (2) the need to incorporate the role of societal or political ecological contexts, and (3) the need to solve the…

  18. Review Commentary: Towards a Deeper Understanding of 'European Citizenship'

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    Thomas Pfister

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This short revireview commentary discusses three recent contributions on citizenship and European integration: Kostakopoulou, D. (2008. The Future Governance of Citizenship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Maas, W. (2007. Creating European Citizens. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. Shaw, J. (2007. The Transformation of Citizenship in the European Union: Electoral Rights and the Restructuring of Political Space. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  19. Praxial Music education: A Critical Analysis of Critical Commentaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverman, Marissa; Davis, Susan A.; Elliott, David J.

    2014-01-01

    Since its publication in 1995, a significant literature has developed around David J. Elliott's praxial philosophy of music education, as explained in "Music Matters: A New Philosophy of Music Education." This literature includes a range of commentaries in journals, books, edited books, and dissertations. Although Elliott has…

  20. Commentary on "Management Education and the Base of the Pyramid"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosile, Grace Ann

    2008-01-01

    This commentary asks some critical questions concerning the article "Management Education and the Base of the Pyramid" included in this special issue. Are "bottom of the pyramid" (BOP) multidisciplinary action project (MAP) students prepared to critically assess the impact of their interventions beyond a narrow definition of profit in complex and…

  1. A Vygotskian Commentary on the Reggio Emilia Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Jake E.

    2012-01-01

    This article provides a commentary on the Reggio Emilia approach from a Vygotskian perspective. In particular, the article considers how Vygotskian rationalism and Vygotsky's theory of concept development cohere with the Reggio Emilia approach. The article argues that these aspects of Vygotskian theory are applicable to, and can strengthen the…

  2. Quality Physical Education: A Commentary on Effective Physical Education Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyson, Ben

    2014-01-01

    In my commentary in response to the 3 articles (McKenzie & Lounsbery, 2013; Rink, 2013; Ward, 2013), I focus on 3 areas: (a) content knowledge, (b) a holistic approach to physical education, and (c) policy impact. I use the term "quality teaching" rather than "teacher effectiveness." Quality teaching is a term with the…

  3. Pass It On: A Commentary on Listening to Mothers II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curl, Marilyn

    2007-01-01

    Listening to Mothers II provides great insight into the birth experiences of women today. The findings clearly demonstrate that practices that interfere with the physiology of reproduction permeate birth settings across the nation. This commentary identifies strategies for increasing awareness of the study and the long-term implications of common birth practices.

  4. Invited commentary: G-Computation-Lost in Translation?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vansteelandt, Stijn; Keiding, Niels

    2011-01-01

    In this issue of the Journal, Snowden et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 2011;173(7):731–738) give a didactic explanation of G-computation as an approach for estimating the causal effect of a point exposure. The authors of the present commentary reinforce the idea that their use of G-computation is equivalent...

  5. A Vygotskian Commentary on the Reggio Emilia Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Jake E.

    2012-01-01

    This article provides a commentary on the Reggio Emilia approach from a Vygotskian perspective. In particular, the article considers how Vygotskian rationalism and Vygotsky's theory of concept development cohere with the Reggio Emilia approach. The article argues that these aspects of Vygotskian theory are applicable to, and can strengthen the…

  6. Digital sound: Subjective tests on commentary-quality codecs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilchrist, N. H. C.; Oxenham, A. J.

    Subjective tests have been carried out on five commentary-quality audio codecs on behalf of CCIR Task Group 10/2. All codecs operated at a bit rate of 60 kbit/s per mono signal, and were tested in both mono and stereo configurations. Significant differences in performance were found. All codecs introduced some impairment on the most critical program items.

  7. Some notes on writing a commentary: Isaiah 1-12

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Groenewald

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available I was requested by the editors of the �Historical Commentary on the Old Testament� (HCOT to contribute two volumes on Isaiah in this series. This present article, however, focuses only on volume I: Isaiah 1-12. The aim of this article can be summarised in six points. Some introductory remarks are made with regard to the genre of commentary writing. Secondly, the viewpoint of the HCOT series is outlined; in other words its methodological and epistemological viewpoint. Thirdly, recent developments in the study of the book of Isaiah are discussed. Fourthly, my own objectives and hypothesis with regard to this project are outlined. Fifthly, a short overview of Isaiah 1-12 on a synchronic level is given. Sixthly, my research methodology is defined as a �diachronically reflected synchronic� reading of the Isaianic text. In the last section some concluding remarks are made.

  8. Effects of distraction on memory and cognition: A commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fergus I. M Craik

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This commentary is a review of the findings and ideas reported in the preceding nine articles on the effects of distraction on aspects of cognitive performance. The articles themselves deal with the disruptive effects of distraction on recall of words, objects and events, also on visual processing, category formation and other cognitive tasks. The commentary assesses the part played by domain-general suppression of distracting information and the domain-specific competition arising when tasks and distraction involve very similar material. Some forms of distraction are meaningfully relevant to the ongoing task, and Treisman’s (1964 model of selective attention is invoked to provide an account of findings in this area. Finally, individual differences to vulnerability to distraction are discussed; older adults are particularly affected by distracting stimuli although the failure to repress distraction can sometimes prove beneficial to later cognitive performance.

  9. Editorial commentary revisited and the spin move refined.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubowitz, James H; Provencher, Matthew T; Brand, Jefferson C; Rossi, Michael J

    2015-04-01

    First, editorial commentary: editorial commentary may be educational and may be controversial, but above all else, authors come first. Second, The Spin Move: The Spin Move is effective, cost-effective, and ubiquitous because, while many techniques are specific to a single joint, The Spin Move can be performed as a part of any arthroscopic and related procedure. However, like many advanced procedures, The Spin Move, when poorly executed, entails substantial risk. Preoperative planning is essential, and The Spin Move must be reviewed by inexperienced practitioners, in detailed text, figures tables, and video, at www.arthroscopytechniques.org. Practice makes perfect. Copyright © 2015 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. The First-Person Perspective and Beyond: Commentary on Almaas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høffding, Simon; Krueger, Joel William

    2016-01-01

    n this commentary, we engage with Almaas's contribution from the perspective of phenomenology and its idea of a 'minimal self'. We attempt to clarify Almaas's claims about 'phenomenological givens' and 'non-dual', 'pure consciousness', and then show how they might be reconciled with phenomenologi......n this commentary, we engage with Almaas's contribution from the perspective of phenomenology and its idea of a 'minimal self'. We attempt to clarify Almaas's claims about 'phenomenological givens' and 'non-dual', 'pure consciousness', and then show how they might be reconciled...... with phenomenological approaches to conscious-ness and self. We conclude by briefly indicating some of the ways a comparative analysis of this sort is mutually beneficial....

  11. Commentary: On regulation and medical education: sociology, learning, and accountability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durning, Steven J; Artino, Anthony R; Holmboe, Eric

    2009-05-01

    The topic of regulation is commonplace in society, yet it seems to receive little explicit consideration in discussions on undergraduate medical education. The accompanying articles by Hauer and colleagues, White and colleagues, and Bloodgood and colleagues approach the topic of regulation from several different viewpoints. In this commentary, we too approach the topic of regulation from several different viewpoints: sociology, learning (self-regulated learning), and accountability. In this commentary, we present both theoretical and practical issues with the aim of initiating an open, scholarly discussion in the field of medical education. Ultimately, we hope other medical educators will seriously contemplate the questions raised and, more importantly, will consider employing these theoretical perspectives into future research efforts.

  12. The narcissism epidemic: commentary on modernity and narcissistic personality disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twenge, Jean M; Miller, Joshua D; Campbell, W Keith

    2014-04-01

    Comments on the original article by Paris (see record 2012-18549-001) regarding narcissistic personality disorder. The current authors agree with Paris that modern life is making people more narcissistic. In fact, the authors demonstrate with this commentary, the case for increasing narcissism is even stronger than presented in his article. An explain that expressing individualism and lack of social support play key roles in this increase. However, the current authors question the idea that therapy is building narcissism.

  13. Mining in a sustainable world: program; bios and abstracts; commentaries:

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline Williams

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This section contains three documents: Commentaries: which are short versions of papers that were presented at the Mining in a Sustainable World conference (UNE, 13 to 15 October 2013. The papers were submitted by authors for inclusion in the journal but not for peer review. Program of the Mining in a Sustainable World conference (UNE, 13 to 15 October 2013. Bios and Abstracts of presenters at the Mining in a Sustainable World conference (UNE, 13 to 15 October 2013.

  14. Commentary on Experiential Learning: Changing student attitudes towards learning disabilities

    OpenAIRE

    Harding, C.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: This paper provides some thoughts following on from reading: Experiential Learning: Changing students’ attitudes towards learning disabilities.\\ud \\ud Design/methodology/approach: This commentary outlines some considerations for the continued development of using service users in tertiary education as educators.\\ud \\ud Findings: The literature is not clear on the involvement of people with more profound and multiple learning disabilities, or for those who do not use much spoken langu...

  15. Feeling the Emotions of Acted Characters: Commentary on Heisel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thalia R Goldstein

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This commentary addresses the hypothesis that empathy is a tool for embodiment and skillful performance in the presentation of opera and art song. It discusses the need to clearly and effectively define the term "empathy," and considers research from acting and theatre that speaks directly to how embodiment occurs in vocal performance, when that performance is attached to a character specifically. It concludes with some additional acting exercises singers may find useful.

  16. Commentary: Competency restoration research--complicating an already complex process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotter, Merrill; Greenspan, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Predicting restorability in individuals found not competent to stand trial is an enduring focus of interest among forensic clinicians and academicians. In our commentary, we suggest that to understand this area even more comprehensively, we must look further. We must build on existing research on fitness to stand trial, move beyond diagnosis and a binary competence variable, and include the complex interplay between symptoms and fitness-related capacities that may be associated with lack of adjudicative competence and challenges to restorability.

  17. Evaluation and engagement in journalistic commentary and news reportage

    OpenAIRE

    Marín Arrese, Juana Isabel; Núñez Perucha, Begoña

    2006-01-01

    This paper explores the expression of evaluation and the treatment of 'the same event' in news reportage and journalistic commentary in two languages (English, Spanish). In our analysis of the evaluative dimension, we draw on the framework of Appraisal Theory (Martin 2000; Martin and White 2005; White 2003, White 2004, inter alia), and elaborate on the analysis of the categories of evaluation, subsumed under the notion of Engagement, in relation to writer stance and to the dimension of sub...

  18. Pedro Cardim et Joan Lluís Palos (éd.), El mundo de los virreyes en las monarquías de España y Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Carrió-Invernizzi, Diana

    2014-01-01

    Tras décadas de silencio generalizado, los virreyes reciben cada vez más atención por parte de los historiadores. El libro colectivo coordinado por Francesca Cantú, Las cortes virreinales de la Monarquía española: América e Italia (Viella, 2008), o el más reciente de Manuel Rivero, La edad de oro de los virreyes. El virreinato en la monarquía hispánica durante los siglos xvi y xvii (Akal, 2011) son buena muestra de la consolidación del tema virreinal. Pedro Cardim y Joan Lluís Palos recogen e...

  19. La poesía escénica de Joan Brossa a la luz del pensamiento europeo de la primera mitad del siglo XX: análisis estructural de la Ciutat del Sol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Aramendía Zuazu

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available En La Ciutat del Sol, Joan Brossa enfoca las problemáticas relaciones individuo-sociedad y de diferentes estratos sociales entre sí. El modo en que Brossa nos ofrece esta obra es esquemático y abierto a la interpretación. La dificultad interpretativa y la irrepresentabilidad de la obra se desvanecen si la leemos aplicándole los valores definidos en los grupos de 4 o grupos de Klein. Dicha aplicación del modelo de Klein a La Ciutat del Sol nos permite evidenciar el orden interno de la obra y desvelar la incógnita planteada en torno a la naturaleza de la relación entre los dos personajes opuestos que aparecen en la misma sin tener que recurrir una la lectura maniquea.

  20. Teaching Human Rights in Turkey: Commentaries on a Single Lesson from Multiple Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kesten, Alper; Schur, Joan Brodsky; Gürsoy, Kudret

    2014-01-01

    This group of commentaries on teaching human rights in Turkey includes: (1) Reflection on Turkish Human Rights Lesson from Turkey (Alper Kesten)--A lesson on human rights in Turkey is analyzed for its representativity and methodology within the Turkish teaching culture from the viewpoint of a Turkish researcher; (2) Commentary on a Turkish Lesson…

  1. The Effect of Extraversion and Presentation Order on Learning from Picture-Commentary Sequences by Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riding, R. J.; Wicks, B. J.

    1978-01-01

    Groups of extrovert, ambivert, and introvert children, aged 8, saw pictures with a taped commentary about each. On an immediate recall test, extroverts recalled most if given the commentary before the picture, introverts did best when the picture came first, and ambiverts performed similarly in both conditions. (Author/SJL)

  2. Let Lakatos Be! A Commentary on "Would the Real Lakatos Please Stand Up"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sriraman, Bharath

    2008-01-01

    In this commentary, some remarks are offered on David Pimm, Mary Beisiegel, and Irene Meglis' article "Would the Real Lakatos Please Stand up." The commentary focuses on relatively recent developments in the philosophy of mathematics based on the work of Lakatos; on theory development in mathematics education; and offers critique on whether…

  3. Questioning collectives and agencies: a commentary on curricular choices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Jenny

    2015-06-01

    This commentary explores theoretical alternatives for viewing the problem identified by Volny Fages and Virginie Albe in their article entitled Social issues in nanoscience and nanotechnology Master's degrees: The socio-political stakes of curricular choices. An approach to social research is suggested that would render visible the associations maintaining the states of affairs depicted by Fages and Albe. In their research, Fages and Albe identified conceptions of the relationship between scientific endeavour and social concerns to be at the root of "choices" made by coordinators of Masters programs in nano science and technology in universities selected for their study. Albe and Fages, insiders in the sense that they take responsibility for a particular program within one such course, convey their belief that, "future scientists need to identify, accept and take on board the social responsibilities linked to their own practice of science, and to work collectively for a more democratic division of power regarding socio-technical choices". However, many of the Master's programs reviewed in their research were reported as providing limited opportunities for their students to critically engage with social aspects of scientific work. This commentary questions the notion of "choices" used in their research and proposes Actor-Network Theory as a theoretical framework open to the existence of various human and non-human agencies at work when a "choice" is made. The aim of the commentary is to further Fages and Albe's agenda by calling for understanding and ultimately a reassembling of the state of affairs in a way that would be acceptable to those invested.

  4. Commentary on the use of acupuncture in chronic pediatric pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waterhouse, Michael; Tsao, Jennie C I; Zeltzer, Lonnie K

    2009-02-01

    The use of acupuncture for pain in pediatrics is a long-standing practice in Eastern cultures. Despite growing interest in the West, there has been relatively little systematic research on acupuncture for chronic pediatric pain. In particular, there is a paucity of randomized clinical trials testing the efficacy of acupuncture for chronic pain problems in pediatric populations. This commentary briefly reviews the history of acupuncture for pain and includes a summary of extant findings regarding potential mechanisms of its analgesic effects. Key areas for future research to advance the application of acupuncture to chronic pediatric pain problems are outlined.

  5. Commentary on “Biophysical Economics” and Evolving Areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flomenbom, Ophir; Coban, Gul Unal; Adigüzel, Yekbun

    2016-07-01

    In this Issue, papers in the area of socio-econo-physics and biophysical economics are presented. We have recently introduced socio-econo-physics and biophysical economics in Biophysical Reviews and Letters (BRL), yet saw 3 to 4 relevant papers just in these most recent three quarters. In this commentary, we therefore would like to elaborate on the topics of socio-econo-physics and biophysical economics and to introduce these concepts to the readers of BRL and the biophysical community of science, with the purpose of supporting many more publications here in BRL, in this evolving area.

  6. Mining in a sustainable world: program; bios and abstracts; commentaries:

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacqueline Williams

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This section contains three documents:Commentaries: which are short versions of papers that were presented at the Mining in a Sustainable World conference (UNE, 13 to 15 October 2013. The papers were submitted by authors for inclusion in the journal but not for peer review.Program of the Mining in a Sustainable World conference (UNE, 13 to 15 October 2013.Bios and Abstracts of presenters at the Mining in a Sustainable World conference (UNE, 13 to 15 October 2013.

  7. Commentary on Becoming a Daughter: Trauma is a powerful teacher.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veach, Patricia McCarthy

    2006-06-01

    Personal life crises profoundly impact genetic counselor practice. In this commentary, themes from Matloff's (in press) article, Becoming a Daughter are highlighted and expanded upon. These themes include: personal impact of a life crisis, and professional impact vis a vis empathy countertransference, self-disclosure, nondirectiveness, and self-confidence. Strategies that help genetic counselors manage personal life crises within their clinical practice and also promote their professional development are emphasized, including normalization of life crises, self-reflection, boundary-setting, and use of peer supervision and consultation.

  8. DRY NEEDLING FOR MYOFASCIAL TRIGGER POINT PAIN: A CLINICAL COMMENTARY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unverzagt, Casey; Berglund, Kathy; Thomas, J J

    2015-06-01

    Sports and orthopaedic physical therapists have long used a multitude of techniques in order to address pain and dysfunction associated with myofascial trigger points. One technique in particular has recently received overwhelming attention: trigger point dry needling (DN). Despite its efficacy and low risk, questions remain as to its effectiveness, safety, and whether the technique is within the scope of practice of physical therapists. Therefore, the purpose of this clinical commentary is to summarize the current literature related to the associated mechanisms of action of DN, the safety of DN, as well as to discuss relevant scope of practice concerns. 5.

  9. Studying Musical Savants: A Commentary on Grundy and Ockelford

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bénédicte Poulin-Charronnat

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of the "zygonic" theory of musical understanding (Ockelford, 2006, Grundy and Ockelford (2014 investigated musical expectations evoked during the course of hearing a piece for the first time in a prodigious musical savant (Derek Paravicini. Overall, the results provided by Derek support the principles of the zygonic theory, especially that the higher the implication factor of a note, the more likely Derek would predict its occurrence. In my commentary, I first raise the question of the use of such individuals as musical savants to generalize findings to the general population, and second I address the issue of the task and the stimuli used.

  10. Conceptual Commitments of AGI Systems: Editorial, Commentaries, and Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-01

    Editorial: Conceptual Commitments of AGI Systems Haris Dindo / James Marshall / Giovanni Pezzulo 23 General Problems of Unified Theories of Cognition, and Another Conceptual Commitment of LIDA Benjamin Angerer / Stefan Schneider 26 LIDA, Committed to Consciousness Antonio Chella 28 The Radical Interactionism Conceptual Commitment Olivier L. Georgeon / David W. Aha 31 Commitments of the Soar Cognitive Architecture John E. Laird 36 Conceptual Commitments of AGI Projects Pei Wang 39 Will (dis)Embodied LIDA Agents be Socially Interactive? Travis J. Wiltshire / Emilio J. C. Lobato / Florian G. Jentsch / Stephen M. Fiore 42 Author's Response to Commentaries Steve Strain / Stan Franklin 48

  11. Aristotle's "De Caelo" III introduction, translation and commentary

    CERN Document Server

    Kouremenos, Theokritos

    2013-01-01

    This is the first full-scale commentary on Aristotle's de Caelo III to appear in recent decades. de Caelo III can serve as a good introduction to Aristotle's physics and its character. In it he answers some very general questions about the elements of all material things except celestial objects: how many these elements are, why they cannot be infinitely many but must be more than one, whether they are eternal or can be generated and decay, and, if the second, how. His discussion is often framed as a critique of rival theories, and he argues systematically against the geometri

  12. Gauge theories of gravitation a reader with commentaries

    CERN Document Server

    Blagojevic, Milutin

    2013-01-01

    In the last five decades, the gauge approach to gravity has represented a research area of increasing importance for our understanding of the physics of fundamental interactions. A full clarification of the gauge dynamics of gravity is expected to be the last missing link to the hidden structure of a consistent unification of all the fundamental interactions, based on the gauge principle. The aim of the present reprint volume, with commentaries by Milutin Blagojevi & 263; and Friedrich W Hehl, is to introduce graduate and advanced undergraduate students of theoretical or mathematical physics, or any other interested researcher, to the field of classical gauge theories of gravity. This is not just an ordinary reprint volume; it is a guide to the literature on gauge theories of gravity. The reader is encouraged first to study the introductory commentaries and to become familiar with the basic content of the reprints and related ideas, then he/she can choose to read a specific reprint or reprints, and after ...

  13. A definition and ethical evaluation of overdiagnosis: response to commentaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Stacy M; Doust, Jenny; Degeling, Chris; Barratt, Alexandra

    2016-08-29

    It is a privilege to have respected colleagues engage with our definition and ethical evaluation of overdiagnosis. In our response to the commentaries, we first deal with paradigmatic issues: the place of realism, the relationship between diagnostic standards and correctness and the distinction between overdiagnosis and both false-positives and medicalisation. We then discuss issues arising across the commentaries in turn. Our definition captures the range of different types of overdiagnosis, unlike a definition limited to diagnosis of harmless disease. Certain implications do flow from our definition, as noted by commentators, but we do not view them as problematic: overdiagnoses can become beneficial diagnoses as medical knowledge and practice changes over time; inadequate systems of healthcare can produce tragic overdiagnosis, and the effectiveness of treatment partly determines whether overdiagnosis occurs. Complexity and uncertainty in balancing benefits and harms is unfortunate, but not a reason to avoid making a judgement (ideally one that reflects multiple perspectives). We reaffirm that overdiagnosis, for the foreseeable future, must be estimated at a population level and defend the importance of good-quality risk communication for individuals. We acknowledge that a lot turns on the relevance of professional communities in our definition and expand our reasoning in this regard then conclude with a note on the difference between intentions and goals. We expect that it will be some time before these matters are settled and we look forward to continue debating these matters with our colleagues.

  14. Sports metaphors in Polish written commentaries on politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jarosław Wiliński

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper seeks to investigate what sports metaphors are used in Polish written commentaries on politics and what special purpose they serve. In particular, the paper examines structural metaphors that come from the lexicon of popular sports, such as boxing, racing, track and field athletics, sailing, etc. The language data, derived from English Internet websites, has been grouped and discussed according to source domains. Applying George Lakoff and Mark Johnson’s approach to metaphor, the paper attempts to determine both the kind of source domains from which common metaphors are drawn and to what degree structural metaphors are used. The data suggests that many structural metaphors can be found in the language of politics. They are drawn from a wide variety of sports source domains, although the domains of boxing, racing, sailing, and soccer are of particular prominence. It seems that the primary function of structural metaphors in written commentaries is to facilitate the interpretation of facts in a way that is enormously appealing to the reader.

  15. COMMENTARY ON THE CHANGING NATURE OF EXECUTIVE CONTROL IN PRESCHOOL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willoughby, Michael T

    2016-12-01

    In this commentary, I provide a critical evaluation of Espy and colleagues' proposal to use a bifactor modeling approach to characterize children's performance on executive control tasks. I draw attention to an old idea regarding treating items as causal or effect indicators of their latent constructs. I remind readers that factor analytic approaches, including the bifactor model that is proposed here, assume that executive control tasks are effect indicators of the latent construct of executive control. I suggest that executive control tasks may be better conceptualized as causal indicators. I further suggest that these different modeling approaches will result in markedly different conclusions about the nature of executive control-including predictors and outcomes of executive control that were the focus of this monograph. © 2016 The Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

  16. Commentary: how can technology help us understand the communication process?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keyton, Joann

    2012-08-01

    In this commentary, the author reflects on the articles chosen for the special section on communications analysis. These articles problematize communication and raise an interesting set of questions for both human factors and communication scholars to ponder. In the end, both sets of scholars seek the same goal: How do we better examine communication to improve it? Problematizing communication requires scholars to challenge their fundamental assumptions about the phenomenon as well as to tease out the distinctions of methodological approaches typically used by both human factors and communication scholars. Human factors scholars tend to favor forms of communication in which technology or task roles control who can communicate and how. Communication scholars tend to favor contexts in which information flows more freely with fewer explicit restrictions. Creating opportunities to collaborate in research on the communication process may create the best understanding of technology that can better serve our understanding of communication.

  17. Commentary: ambiguity and uncertainty: neglected elements of medical education curricula?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luther, Vera P; Crandall, Sonia J

    2011-07-01

    Despite significant advances in scientific knowledge and technology, ambiguity and uncertainty are still intrinsic aspects of contemporary medicine. To practice confidently and competently, a physician must learn rational approaches to complex and ambiguous clinical scenarios and must possess a certain degree of tolerance of ambiguity. In this commentary, the authors discuss the role that ambiguity and uncertainty play in medicine and emphasize why openly addressing these topics in the formal medical education curriculum is critical. They discuss key points from original research by Wayne and colleagues and their implications for medical education. Finally, the authors offer recommendations for increasing medical student tolerance of ambiguity and uncertainty, including dedicating time to attend candidly to ambiguity and uncertainty as a formal part of every medical school curriculum.

  18. Commentary: a sense of story, or why teach reflective writing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charon, Rita; Hermann, Nellie

    2012-01-01

    Reflective writing is being introduced in many medical schools in the United States and abroad for a variety of reasons and with a variety of goals in mind. As Wald and colleagues write, multiple methods, including the rubric introduced in their study, have been proposed for rating or grading this writing to quantify the gains obtained. The authors of this commentary detail the assumptions both about reflection and about writing implied in Wald and colleagues' work. They then describe a reciprocal model of writing as discovery, suggesting that the writing itself is what teaches the skills of reflection. Equipping medical students with a sense of story may well be the active ingredient in whatever gains are observed in teaching reflective writing.

  19. The Markham Moor Papilio – A Picturesque Commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolina Szynalska

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This commentary on a little-known yet remarkable structure along the A1, originally built as a roadside petrol station with a canopy in the form of a hyperbolic paraboloid, demonstrates the affinity between the architecture of pavilions on the one hand, and on the other hand, some of the more modest or minor architectural functions that were innovated in the modern period. One of the few ‘hypars’ left over from post-war Britain, its butterfly-shaped canopy is not just a reminder of older etymological roots of the term pavilion, but also raises questions in the present-day about the conservation of recent architectural heritage that was perhaps only ever meant to be temporarily alighting in the landscape.

  20. Body Talk: Body Image Commentary on Queerty.com.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Joseph; Grimm, Josh

    2016-08-01

    In this study, we conducted a content analysis of 243 photographic images of men published on the gay male-oriented blog Queerty.com. We also analyzed 435 user-generated comments from a randomly selected 1-year sample. Focusing on images' body types, we found that the range of body types featured on the blog was quite narrow-the vast majority of images had very low levels of body fat and very high levels of muscularity. Users' body image-related comments typically endorsed and celebrated images; critiques of images were comparatively rare. Perspectives from objectification theory and social comparison theory suggest that the images and commentary found on the blog likely reinforce unhealthy body image in gay male communities.

  1. Commentary on the Lidcombe Programme of early stuttering intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, F; Rustin, L

    1997-01-01

    Dr Onslow's brief articles and his lecture tour in the UK generated interested in the UK because the Lidcombe Programme appeared to offer the possibility of a new, simple and effective package for use with young stammering children. This commentary has sought to examine these aspects more objectively by careful consideration of the paper submitted to this Journal and others. It would seem of great importance to reflect on the theoretical issues which have been covered as well as the relative complexity of the Lidcombe Programme compared with the approaches that are in common usage now in specialist centres in the UK. Dr Onslow and his colleagues have given us an opportunity to highlight the importance of working with young stammering children and we would hope that the interest that they have created will inspire colleagues to investigate further training opportunities for working with this very rewarding client group.

  2. Climate Change and Children’s Health: A Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley, Fiona; Farrant, Brad

    2015-01-01

    This commentary describes the likely impacts on children's health and wellbeing from climate change, based on the solid science of environmental child health. It describes likely climate change scenarios, why children are more vulnerable than older people to these changes, and what to expect in terms of diseases (e.g., infections, asthma) and problems (e.g., malnutrition, mental illness). The common antecedents of climate change and other detrimental changes to our society mean that in combatting them (such as excessive consumption and greed), we may not only reduce the harmful effects of climate change but also work towards a better society overall—one that values its children and their futures. PMID:27417373

  3. Climate Change and Children’s Health: A Commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fiona Stanley

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This commentary describes the likely impacts on children's health and wellbeing from climate change, based on the solid science of environmental child health. It describes likely climate change scenarios, why children are more vulnerable than older people to these changes, and what to expect in terms of diseases (e.g., infections, asthma and problems (e.g., malnutrition, mental illness. The common antecedents of climate change and other detrimental changes to our society mean that in combatting them (such as excessive consumption and greed, we may not only reduce the harmful effects of climate change but also work towards a better society overall—one that values its children and their futures.

  4. Machine learning, medical diagnosis, and biomedical engineering research - commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Kenneth R; Koprowski, Robert; Skufca, Joseph D

    2014-07-05

    A large number of papers are appearing in the biomedical engineering literature that describe the use of machine learning techniques to develop classifiers for detection or diagnosis of disease. However, the usefulness of this approach in developing clinically validated diagnostic techniques so far has been limited and the methods are prone to overfitting and other problems which may not be immediately apparent to the investigators. This commentary is intended to help sensitize investigators as well as readers and reviewers of papers to some potential pitfalls in the development of classifiers, and suggests steps that researchers can take to help avoid these problems. Building classifiers should be viewed not simply as an add-on statistical analysis, but as part and parcel of the experimental process. Validation of classifiers for diagnostic applications should be considered as part of a much larger process of establishing the clinical validity of the diagnostic technique.

  5. Probing the interface theory of perception: Reply to commentaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Donald D; Singh, Manish; Prakash, Chetan

    2015-12-01

    We propose that selection favors nonveridical perceptions that are tuned to fitness. Current textbooks assert, to the contrary, that perception is useful because, in the normal case, it is veridical. Intuition, both lay and expert, clearly sides with the textbooks. We thus expected that some commentators would reject our proposal and provide counterarguments that could stimulate a productive debate. We are pleased that several commentators did indeed rise to the occasion and have argued against our proposal. We are also pleased that several others found our proposal worth exploring and have offered ways to test it, develop it, and link it more deeply to the history of ideas in the science and philosophy of perception. To both groups of commentators: thank you. Point and counterpoint, backed by data and theory, is the essence of science. We hope that the exchange recorded here will advance the scientific understanding of perception and its evolution. In what follows, we respond to the commentaries in alphabetical order.

  6. A Commentary on My Chinese Translation of Forensic Chemistry Handbook

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程少云

    2014-01-01

    This essay aims to analyze my translation of Forensic Chemistry Handbook which is a scientific book published in 2012. I am commissioned to translate the book by China Maritime Police Academy, a university in Ningbo. The translated version will be used as a textbook for university, thus the potential readers will be students in this university. As to features of the textbook, it be-longs to informative text, which can be characterized as conciseness, correctness and objectiveness. Guided by typical functional translation theories such as Han J. Vermeer’s skopos rule and Peter Newmark’s text typology, this commentary will deal with how I use collaborative strategy and simplification to translate the book to ensure the quality and efficiency, especially when encountering technical terms and complicated sentences. Four examples are shown in the following paper to illustrate how I translate the book.

  7. Commentary on Bayesian coincidence assessment (cross-matching)

    CERN Document Server

    Loredo, Thomas J

    2012-01-01

    This paper is an invited commentary on Tamas Budavari's presentation, "On statistical cross-identification in astronomy," for the Statistical Challenges in Modern Astronomy V conference held at Pennsylvania State University in June 2011. I begin with a brief review of previous work on probabilistic (Bayesian) assessment of directional and spatio-temporal coincidences in astronomy (e.g., cross-matching or cross-identification of objects across multiple catalogs). Then I discuss an open issue in the recent innovative work of Budavari and his colleagues on large-scale probabilistic cross-identification: how to assign prior probabilities that play an important role in the analysis. With a simple toy problem, I show how Bayesian multilevel modeling (hierarchical Bayes) provides a principled framework that justifies and generalizes pragmatic rules of thumb that have been successfully used by Budavari's team to assign priors.

  8. Commentary: global action on social determinants of health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labonté, Ronald

    2012-05-01

    This commentary argues that there are three major crises confronting global health: ongoing financial crises; deepening ecological crises; and rapidly escalating income and wealth inequalities within and between nations. Global rhetorical responses to these crises frequently invoke policy sentiments similar to those advised by the 2008 WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health (CSDH). However, actual policy decisions run counter to the evidence reviewed by the Commission, and its final report recommendations. Failure to re-regulate financial capitalism, introduce regulatory standards for transnational companies, or subordinate trade and investment liberalization treaties to development goals and human rights treaties will exacerbate global health inequities into the future. More positively, there is increasing support for systems of global taxation. The challenge for global health, however, will remain the willingness of states to make domestic and foreign policy choices that strengthen income redistribution, economic regulation, and citizen rights.

  9. Peter of Spain's handling of authorities in his commentary on the Isagoge of Johannitius

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    De Asua, M

    2000-01-01

    The dicta from medical and philosophical authorities appearing in commentaries on the Isagoge of Johannitius may be classified according to the different roles they play in the exposition of the text...

  10. Questions from Our Readers Commentary on Lamaze International's Statement on Induction

    OpenAIRE

    Lothian, Judith A

    2001-01-01

    Lamaze International recommends that “pregnant women neither choose nor agree to be induced unless there is a true medical indication for induction.” This commentary discusses the recommendation and its implications for the practice of childbirth education.

  11. Brain Musics: History, Precedents, and Commentary on Whalley, Mavros and Furniss

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Miguel Ortiz; Mick Grierson; Atau Tanaka

    2015-01-01

    .... With our commentary, we contextualize the work within the field of Music Neuroscience. Specifically, we point at precedents in EEG-based musical practice as well as ongoing research in the field...

  12. "As moedas dos índios": um estudo de caso sobre os significados do patrimônio arqueológico para os moradores da Vila de Joanes, ilha de Marajó, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcia Bezerra

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta os resultados iniciais do projeto de Arqueologia Pública conduzido pela autora em Joanes - uma pequena vila de pescadores na ilha de Marajó, estado do Pará, Brasil -, considerando as ruínas de um sítio histórico (PA-JO-46 associado a uma missão religiosa instalada na vila por volta da segunda metade do século XVII. As reflexões sobre as percepções das comunidades locais acerca do sítio sublinham o entendimento da lógica subjacente ao ato de colecionar artefatos - prática local comum - e à formação de pequenas 'coleções domésticas'. Meu argumento é de que o colecionamento, nesses contextos, não pode ser classificado como ato de destruição, mas como uma forma singular de fruição do passado e do patrimônio. Acredito que essa discussão contribua para a compreensão das relações entre comunidades de pequena escala e o patrimônio arqueológico na Amazônia.

  13. Commentary: The Role of Race/Ethnicity in a Developmental Science of Equity and Justice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graham, Sandra

    2016-09-01

    This commentary makes a case for the role of school racial/ethnic diversity in a new developmental science of equity and justice with a focus on intergroup attitudes, discrimination, and social exclusion. Creative ways to conceptualize and measure ethnic diversity as a multifaceted, dynamic, and fluid construct that changes across time and space are discussed. The commentary concludes with policy implications of this approach for improving the lives of children growing up in an increasingly multiracial/multiethnic society.

  14. Commentary on the need for a research culture in the forensic sciences

    OpenAIRE

    Margot, P.

    2011-01-01

    Asked to comment on a collective discussion paper by Jennifer L. Mnookin et al., this Commentary identifies difficulties the authors encountered in defining or agreeing on the subject matter "forensic science" and its perceived deficiencies. They conclude that there is a need for a research culture, whereas this Commentary calls for the development of a forensic science culture through the development of forensic science education fed by research dedicated to forensic science i...

  15. Evaluación de la aceptación de los menús servidos en el Hospital Universitari de Sant Joan de Reus Assesment of the acceptance of set meals served at the "Sant Joan de Reus" University hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Guillén

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes y objetivos: La evaluación de la aceptación de las dietas servidas en el hospital permite introducir modificaciones que mejoren la calidad del servicio ofrecido al paciente hospitalizado, previniendo complicaciones derivadas de una nutrición incorrecta y mejorando la estancia hospitalaria. El objetivo del presente estudio fue el de analizar la aceptación de los menús ofrecidos por el servicio de restauración del hospital. Ámbito de estudio: Menús ofrecidos por el servicio de alimentación del Hospital Universitario de Sant Joan de Reus. Material y métodos: Se evaluaron un total de 160 bandejas consumidas, escogidas al azar que pertenecían a: dieta estándar, dietas especiales, incluyendo dietas túrmix. Se realizó la estimación en la cocina del hospital, a través de 2 dietistas. Se utilizó una escala visual, donde se puntuó 0: plato lleno, 1: residuo superior o igual al 75%, 2: residuo superior o igual al 50%, 3: residuo superior o igual al 25% y 4: plato vacío. Resultados: Se analizaron un total de 68 bandejas conteniendo una dieta estándar, 34 bandejas conteniendo dietas especiales y 41 bandejas con dietas túrmix. Se analizó el residuo de un total de 36 platos diferentes de la dieta estándar. La puntuación media de aceptación fue de 3,01 ± 1,30 en el caso de los primeros platos, 3,24 ± 1,11 en los segundos y 3,53 ± 0,96 en los postres. En cuanto a las dietas especiales se analizaron un total de 27 platos diferentes. La puntuación media de aceptación fue de 2,87 ± 1,38 en el caso de los primeros platos, 3,02 ± 1,27 en los segundos y 3,49 ± 1,22 en los postres. Los primeros platos de la dieta túrmix fueron los peor puntuados de entre todos los platos servidos, aunque la puntuación media general fue buena, de 2,76 ± 1,51. Conclusiones: Se ha observado en general una buena aceptación de los menús servidos en el hospital. Conocer aquellos platos que tienen una peor aceptación, permite plantear

  16. The Base Text and Its Commentaries: Problems of Representing and Understanding the Cārvāka/Lokāyata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramkrishna Bhattacharya

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The base texts of most of the philosophical systems of ancient India are in the form of a collection of aphorisms (sūtra-s. The aphorisms are so brief and tersely worded that their significance can seldom be understood without the help of a commentary or commentaries. Sometimes, the literal meaning of an aphorism needs to be qualified or modified by an explanation found in the commentary. If a reader relies exclusively on the literal meaning of the aphorisms in the base text without having recourse to any commentary or disregards all commentaries, he or she may miss the point. Contrariwise, if a reader relies exclusively on a commentary and disregards the literal meaning of an aphorism, he or she will commit another kind of blunder. Ideally, equal attention should be paid to the base text as well as the commentary or commentaries. Even then, all problems are not automatically solved, for it is an uphill task to decide when to go by the literal meaning of the aphorisms and when to follow the commentary. In their polemics against the Cārvāka/Lokāyata, Jayantabhaṭṭa (c. ninth century C.E. and Hemacandra (eleventh century C.E. erred because they did not follow the golden rule stated above and consequently misunderstood and misrepresented their opponents’ contentions.

  17. Commentary: Lowly interns, more is merrier, and the Casablanca Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croskerry, Pat

    2011-01-01

    Test ordering is an integral part of clinical decision making. Variation in test-ordering behavior appears to reflect uncertainty in the clinical reasoning and decision-making process. Among decision makers, novices function mostly in the analytic mode of reasoning, experiencing high levels of uncertainty and, therefore, account for the most variance. While less discriminate test ordering has both economical and clinical downsides, it nevertheless remains a rite of passage along the road toward expertise. In response to the article by Iwashyna and colleagues, the author of this commentary reflects on the implications of test-ordering behavior in the academic medicine setting. The process of ordering tests can serve purposes other than the obvious, not the least of which allows the decision maker additional time for reflection in the decision-making process, perhaps leading to a less mindless and more mindful approach. The author observes that test-ordering behavior of novitiates might be optimized through a variety of strategies that improve both active and passive learning in the clinical environment. In addition to specific education around costs, as well as Bayesian considerations, active learning importantly requires exposure to those processes that may subvert clinical reasoning, notably cognitive biases. Passive learning is enhanced in supportive environments. Throughout, those who supervise and teach should provide effective models.

  18. Quality physical education: a commentary on effective physical education teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyson, Ben

    2014-06-01

    In my commentary in response to the 3 articles (McKenzie & Lounsbery, 2013; Rink, 2013; Ward, 2013), I focus on 3 areas: (a) content knowledge, (b) a holistic approach to physical education, and (c) policy impact. I use the term quality teaching rather than "teacher effectiveness." Quality teaching is a term with the potential to move our attention beyond a focus merely on issues of effectiveness relating to the achievement of prespecified objectives. I agree with Ward that teacher content knowledge is limited in physical education, and I argue that if the student does not have a connection to or relationship with the content, this will diminish their learning gains. I also argue for a more holistic approach to physical education coming from a broader conception. Physical educators who teach the whole child advocate for a plethora of physical activity, skills, knowledge, and positive attitudes that foster healthy and active playful lifestyles. Play is a valuable educational experience. I also endorse viewing assessment from different perspectives and discuss assessment through a social-critical political lens. The 3 articles also have implications for policy. Physical education is much broader than just physical activity, and we harm the future potential of our field if we adopt a narrow agenda. Looking to the future, I propose that we broaden the kinds of research that we value, support, and appreciate in our field.

  19. Mozart Effect in Musical Fit? A Commentary on Yeoh & North

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emery Schubert

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Musical fit, the congruence between music and product leading to improved response, is presented as an explanation of differences in recall of food items from two cultures. Musical fit predicts that, in this case, more Indian food items would be recalled when Indian music was playing, and more Malay food items would be recalled when Malay music was played. The underlining premise of this prediction is priming (the music primes memories of associated food items, facilitating recall. The testing was performed using three ethnic groups of participants, Indian, Malay, and Chinese. The priming effects were only identified among the Chinese group. A reanalysis of the data presented here indicates that the overall recall of food items is best facilitated by Indian music, regardless of whether the food item is Indian or Malay, and further, each ethnicity reported more items in the Indian music condition. The Mozart effect was also based on the premise of priming activation and was later debunked in favor of an arousal-mood hypothesis. This commentary discusses whether arousal-mood, a more generalized activation leading to improved performance than priming, might better explain the results. While priming and congruence more plausibly explains musical fit than the Mozart effect, the possibility of testing other hypotheses are considered worthwhile.

  20. Health promotion in the digital era: a critical commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lupton, Deborah

    2015-03-01

    A range of digitized health promotion practices have emerged in the digital era. Some of these practices are voluntarily undertaken by people who are interested in improving their health and fitness, but many others are employed in the interests of organizations and agencies. This article provides a critical commentary on digitized health promotion. I begin with an overview of the types of digital technologies that are used for health promotion, and follow this with a discussion of the socio-political implications of such use. It is contended that many digitized health promotion strategies focus on individual responsibility for health and fail to recognize the social, cultural and political dimensions of digital technology use. The increasing blurring between voluntary health promotion practices, professional health promotion, government and corporate strategies requires acknowledgement, as does the increasing power wielded by digital media corporations over digital technologies and the data they generate. These issues provoke questions for health promotion as a practice and field of research that hitherto have been little addressed.

  1. Competence, risk, and resilience in military families: conceptual commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masten, Ann S

    2013-09-01

    This commentary highlights conceptual themes in the opening section of this special issue on military families in relation to a new synthesis of developmental systems theory that emerged from developmental, ecological, and family systems theory, as well as developmental psychopathology and risk/resilience frameworks. Articles in this special issue draw on these concepts to characterize and guide the burgeoning research on military families. This perspective emphasizes that multiple dynamic systems interact across levels to shape individual development, as well as the function of families and military units. Developmental timing is important for understanding how challenges of military life may impact individuals and families. Cascade effects are noted, where stress experienced by one family or service member can influence the function of other individuals or larger systems. Capacity for resilience is distributed across systems, including families and cultures, as well as resources or supports provided by military organizations to foster adaptive responses or recovery. These systems include schools and educational programs that play key roles in fostering and supporting resilience for children. Overall, developmental system concepts have considerable utility for guiding research with military families, particularly in regard to promoting resilience. Moreover, lessons learned from military families and programs may have much broader implications for many other nonmilitary children, families, and organizations that share similar goals and challenges.

  2. Commentary: You're Not Studying, You're Just...

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Purushotma

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available As often as language teachers lecture about the importance of continual practice to adolescent learners, the dullness of homework exercises designed primarily to be educational has difficulty competing with popular media designed solely to be entertaining. Recently, numerous attempts have been made to develop "edutainment" titles that seek to merge educational goals with entertainment content; oftentimes, however, they fail to achieve either goal and fall instead into niche markets. Rather than seeing entertainment-focused media forms as adversarial to educational content, educators should instead embrace them. This commentary examines how content originally designed for entertainment purposes can be modified to provide natural and context rich language learning environments, without sacrificing its entertainment value. First, I examine a modification to the number one selling video game The Simsthat intelligently combines game data from the English edition with data from editions of other languages to form a bilingual gaming environment. This exposes learners to abundant L2 vocabulary, yet still provides enough L1 support not to detract from the game. This principle is then extended to other applications such as music videos, typing tutors, and voice-navigated games. Finally, areas of otherwise wasted time are identified, such as waiting for Web pages to load or walking to class, with suggestions of how technology can facilitate language learning during these times.

  3. Applying the learning theories to medical education: A commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sivalingam Nalliah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Medical education of today continues to evolve to meet the challenges of the stakeholders. Medical professionals today are expected to play multiple roles besides being experts. Thus, the curriculum has to be developed in a manner that facilitates learners to achieve the intended goal of becoming a medical professional with multiple competencies. The understanding of learning theories will be helpful in designing and delivering the curriculum to meet the demands of producing a medical professional who would meet the CanMEDS model. This commentary explores and reflects on the learning theories of behaviorism, cognitivism and constructivism as they have evolved over time and the application of these learning theories in medical education, particularly in the context of medical education in Malaysia. The authors are convinced that these three theories are not mutually exclusive but should be operationalized contextually and throughout the different stages of learning in the MBBS curriculum. Understanding these theories and their application will enhance the learning experience of students.

  4. Invited commentary: screening and the elusive etiology of prostate cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia-Closas, Montserrat; Berrington de Gonzalez, Amy

    2015-09-01

    The role of lifestyle risk factors in prostate cancer risk remains elusive despite a large number of epidemiologic studies. In a pooled analysis of data from South and East Asian countries published in this issue, Fowke et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 2015;182(5):381-389) found no evidence for an association between prostate cancer mortality and obesity, alcohol, or smoking. Prostate cancer screening is very uncommon in these countries, and previous evidence for associations with lifestyle factors comes primarily from studies carried out in North America, where screening is very common. Fowke et al. concluded that screening biases are likely to explain the differences in study results. In this commentary, we discuss the potential influence of population-based cancer screening programs in estimates of association from epidemiologic studies. This highlights the importance of carefully considering the impact of screening in the analysis and interpretation of results, in order to advance our understanding of the etiology of cancers that can be detected by screening.

  5. Commentary on an Innovative Interprofessional Dental Practice for 2026.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guyton, Brad; LeBeau, Jan; Sorci, Rebecca; Doneen, Amy

    2016-06-01

    An innovative interprofessional model is described for the delivery of dental care in the year 2026 to optimize efficiency and profitability while enhancing quality of care. The dental practice of tomorrow may look different than today. Although not broken, the current system can be improved in efficiency and effectiveness. Although traditional private practices will continue to exist and many will thrive over the next decades, they may not present the optimal model for dental practice. To manage complex patient needs, a more collaborative model of multidisciplinary, interprofessional clinical teams capable of treating patients comprehensively has been suggested by the authors. They explore an alternative model of practice that may be possible in the next 10 years to better serve patients and improve outcomes while honoring the role of practitioners. Landmark publications and reviews are used to examine evidence showing the potential benefits of an innovative interprofessional approach to the delivery of care in the oral health care setting. By examining key studies, the authors provide commentary on the potential for enhanced efficiency, profitability, and quality of care in the oral health care setting through a collaborative model of multidisciplinary, interprofessional clinical teams capable of treating patients comprehensively. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Appearance commentary from romantic partners: evaluation of an adapted measure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carriere, Lucille J; Kluck, Annette S

    2014-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Verbal Commentary on Physical Appearance Scale (VCOPAS; Herbozo & Thompson, 2006b) after modifying it to capture appearance feedback given by romantic partners (VCOPAS-P). Women participants (N=248) completed the VCOPAS-P, as well as measures of disordered eating, body image dissatisfaction, relationship quality, and socially desirable responding. Exploratory factor analysis identified the best factor structure for the VCOPAS-P, which contained three factors similar to the VCOPAS. Correlations between the VCOPAS-P subscales and measures of disordered eating, body image dissatisfaction, relationship quality, and social desirability responding demonstrated convergent and discriminant validity of the VCOPAS-P. There was a significant positive correlation between the negative comments subscale of the VCOPAS-P and the measures of body dissatisfaction and weight concern (measured by the EDE-Q). Additionally, VCOPAS-P subscales reflecting positive comments about appearance and weight were associated with greater relationship satisfaction.

  7. Learning from the Pros: Influence of Web-Based Expert Commentary on Vicarious Learning about Financial Markets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ford, Matthew W.; Kent, Daniel W.; Devoto, Steven

    2007-01-01

    Web-based financial commentary, in which experts routinely express market-related thought processes, is proposed as a means for college students to learn vicariously about financial markets. Undergraduate business school students from a regional university were exposed to expert market commentary from a single financial Web site for a 6-week…

  8. El ars de traducir en Joan Roís de Corella, los límites de la difusión de sus obras y las claves para una Tragèdia de Caldesa políglota

    OpenAIRE

    Martines Peres, Vicent

    2013-01-01

    Joan Roís de Corella traduce (obras religiosas) y, lo más importante, crea y traduce para crear. Traduce obras profanas y obras religiosas y, al hacerlo, recibe directamente las tradiciones literarias y culturales de su tiempo y de los clásicos. Destaca, por su extensión, complejidad y ambición, el conjunto de su actividad traductológica en cuanto a obras religiosas que marcaban la espiritualidad de la época. La más extensa y ambiciosa de sus traducciones es la versión catalana de la Vita Chr...

  9. The Masoretic Notes in Three Commentaries Attributed to Rashi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Himmelfarb, Lea

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Using the Mikra ̓ot Gedolot ‘Haketer’ version of Rashi’s commentary on three Biblical passages (Deuteronomy 33:23, Isaiah 14:11 and Ezekiel 17:9 the author reviews the textual version of the commentaries’ transmission from medieval manuscripts to print editions. Addressing their meaning and adducing the masoretic notes that the Meyuḥas may have used in making additions, the author demonstrates that these later additions have generated erroneous attributions to Rashi’s original commentaries. In the first two cases, the commentator employs the Masorah note as an interpretive tool. Firstly, he cites the Masorah Magna to support his claim that this unusual form of ירְָשָֽׁה (Deut 33:23 is indeed in the imperative. Secondly, the commentator adduces from a masoretic note that the word נבְָלֶ֑יך (Isa 14:11, which occurs twice in the Bible in this form has two meanings. In the third case, the Masorah note had no interpretive agenda; it merely pointed out that all the letters of the Hebrew alphabet appear in Ezekiel 17:9.

    Partiendo de la versión del comentario de Raší a tres pasajes bíblicos (De 33:23, Is 14:11 y Ez 17:9 contenida en las Mikra ̓ot Gedolot ‘Haketer’, la autora revisa la transmisión del texto de dichos comentarios desde los manuscritos medievales a las ediciones impresas. Mediante el análisis de su significado y aduciendo las notas masoréticas contenidas en las adiciones, y que había sido atribuido (Meyuḥas a Raší, la autora demuestra que dicha atribución puede ser errónea y no corresponde a los comentarios originales de este autor. En los dos primeros pasajes estudiados, se muestra cómo el comentarista había empleado la nota de la masora como instrumento de interpretación. En primer lugar, cita la Masora Magna para apoyar su afirmación de que la forma inusual de ירְָשָֽׁה (De 33:23 estuviera en imperativo. En segundo lugar, partiendo de una

  10. A Provisional list of Tibetan Commentaries on the Ratnagotravibhâga

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burchardi, Anne

    2006-01-01

    The article presents information on Tibetan commentaries based on Ratnagotravibhâga (RGV) text, which is a major source text for interpretations of Buddha Nature. A chronological list of authors along with an account of their major works is also given. It is viewed that the study of the commentar...... of the commentaries will help in understanding the influence of RGV on Tibetan Buddhism, and the commentators' perception of the Buddha Nature.......The article presents information on Tibetan commentaries based on Ratnagotravibhâga (RGV) text, which is a major source text for interpretations of Buddha Nature. A chronological list of authors along with an account of their major works is also given. It is viewed that the study...

  11. Reducing the company weighted cost-of-capital by use of Management Commentary transparency in SMEs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schøler, Finn

    the cost of financing through credit institutions or improve the supplier accepted creditworthiness. This paper demonstrates empirically that there is a strong relationship between corporate transparency through use of an extensive management commentary and partly the financial costs, partly creditor......In a stakeholder perspective, this paper deals with information transparency through use of the management commentary as a means to improve the relation to other stakeholders than shareholders in (smaller) non-listed companies (SME’s). Some of the main incentives for doing this could be to reduce...

  12. Reducing the company weighted cost-of-capital by use of Management Commentary transparency in SMEs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schøler, Finn

    In a stakeholder perspective, this paper deals with information transparency through use of the management commentary as a means to improve the relation to other stakeholders than shareholders in (smaller) non-listed companies (SME’s). Some of the main incentives for doing this could be to reduce...... the cost of financing through credit institutions or improve the supplier accepted creditworthiness. This paper demonstrates empirically that there is a strong relationship between corporate transparency through use of an extensive management commentary and partly the financial costs, partly creditor...

  13. Case notes and clinicians: Galen's "Commentary" on the Hippocratic "Epidemics" in the Arabic tradition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pormann, Peter E

    2008-01-01

    Galen's "Commentaries" on the Hippocratic "Epidemics" constitute one of the most detailed studies of Hippocratic medicine from antiquity. The Arabic translation of the "Commentaries" by Ḥunayn ibn Isḥāq (d. c. 873) is of crucial importance because it preserves large sections now lost in Greek, and because it helped to establish an Arabic clinical literature. The present contribution investigate the translation of this seminal work into Syriac and Arabic. It provides a first survey of the manuscript tradition, and explores how physicians in the medieval Muslim world drew on it both to teach medicine to students, and to develop a framework for their own clinical research.

  14. Commentary: Are alpha-2 agonist really effective in children with tics with comorbid ADHD? A commentary on Whittington et al. (2016).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bloch, Michael H

    2016-09-01

    In this issue, Whittington et al. (2016) present a systematic review that reports the efficacy of three primary treatments for children with Tourette syndrome (TS) - (a) α2-adrenergic receptor agonists; (b) antipsychotic medications; and (c) habit reversal training/comprehensive behavioral intervention. In this commentary, we highlight the large degree of heterogeneity observed in the meta-analysis of trials involving alpha-2 agonist medications and present possible explanations for the observed heterogeneity. Among these possible explanations is the possibility that presence of comorbid ADHD may moderate the efficacy of alpha-2 agonists in the treatment of tic disorder with the medications being more effective in patients with both conditions. The commentary reviews the evidence supporting this possible moderating effect of ADHD and discusses the implications for such a relationship.

  15. Review of James Alfred Loader ‘Proverbs 1–9’ (Historical Commentary on the Old Testament, Peeters Leuven, 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieter Venter

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Loader’s commentary on Proverbs 1–9 belongs to the category of technical commentaries. It is evaluated in terms of similar commentaries written by scholars who focus on interpreting the original Hebrew text. The design of the commentary, the four essays included in the commentary, and the approach to the text is discussed. A final section deals with Loader’s exposition of Proverbs 8. This section focuses on the problematic Hebrew terms qnh in 8:22 and ‘amon in 8:30 and compares his interpretation with the opinions raised by other scholars in this regard.

  16. Scientific and Practical Commentary on Specialists’ Professional Standards in Thermal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Yu. Semenov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The professional standards for heat treatment specialists such as "Specialist in thermal equipment installation and tests", "Specialist in analysis and diagnosis of heat treatment process systems", "Specialist in automation and mechanization of heat treatment process systems" were developed according to the Rules for the Development, Approval, and Application of Professional Standards adopted by a Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated 01.22.2013 № 23.The article objective is to find a way that allows directors of machine-building plants to understand the provisions of abovementioned professional standards.This commentary was developed with participation of experts, who were in charge of the professional standards.When developing the professional standards it was taken into consideration that, presently, the most promising are vacuum and ion processes of heat and thermo-chemical treatment.In this connection a new classification of the thermal equipment and manufacturing processes has been realized according to criterion of technical complexity. This classification puts the thermal equipment and manufacturing processes into simple, complex, and specifically complex.As proposed, the specifically complex thermal equipment is a multi-zone thermal one with each zone being under precise temperature control, and a vacuum or ion equipment for thermal and thermochemical treatment with integrated cooling system. The complex thermal equipment is an equipment for heat and thermochemical treatment in controlled atmosphere, and a multichamber or continuous heat treatment furnaces, as well as vacuum and ion-plasma equipment, except for specifically complex thermal equipment. The simple thermal equipment is a heat treatment one except for complex and specifically complex thermal equipment.The article gives concrete examples of simple, complex and specifically complex thermal equipment.The criteria to classify the heat treatment technological

  17. Commentary on Eugene and Kiyo’s dialogue on dialogic pedagogy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rupert Wegerif

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This fascinating dialogue raised many questions. In this commentary I will focus on just three questions that particularly stimulated me to further reflection: ‘why classification?’; ‘what is ontology?’ and ‘where does agency come from?’

  18. A Commentary on "Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights and Business Schools' Responsibility to Teach It"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everett, Jeff

    2013-01-01

    In this commentary on "Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights and Business Schools' Responsibility to Teach It" (McPhail 2013), the author discusses how McPhail's paper examines human rights teaching principles, the question of why corporations and business schools should respect and teach human rights, and how business…

  19. A Commentary on "Integrated Reporting: A Review of Developments and Their Implications for the Accounting Curriculum"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamp-Roelands, Nancy

    2013-01-01

    In this commentary, Kamp-Roelands states that it was very encouraging to observe that the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) recognises that responding to "Integrated Reporting" initiatives requires an "integrated approach" to accounting education. That change in financial reporting standards put pressure on…

  20. A Commentary on "Piercing the Bubble": Should Management Education "Confront" Poverty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dart, Raymond

    2008-01-01

    This commentary contrasts "Piercing the Bubble" by proposing "pull" (rather than "push") strategies as a way for business schools to more meaningfully engage poverty and social exclusion. By reframing poverty issues in such a manner that they connect with core business student interests of career opportunities, current management practices, and…

  1. Complimentary Weightism: The Potential Costs of Appearance-Related Commentary for Women's Self-Objectification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calogero, Rachel M.; Herbozo, Sylvia; Thompson, J. Kevin

    2009-01-01

    Little is known about the effects of receiving compliments about appearance. An ethnically diverse sample of 220 college women completed self-report measures of appearance commentary, trait self-objectification, body surveillance, and body dissatisfaction. Results indicated that the impact of appearance criticisms and compliments, but not their…

  2. When Social Identities Collide: Commentary on "Gender in the Management Education Classroom"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Eric

    2010-01-01

    This commentary to "Gender in the Management Education Classroom" (Bilimoria, O'Neil, Hopkins, & Murphy, 2010) employs social identity and self-categorization theory to analyze the incident described in the article. In any MBA classroom, students are dealing with multiple group memberships. Similar to workplace settings, when the focus is on…

  3. Mathematics for High School, Elementary Functions (Part 1). Commentary for Teachers. Preliminary Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Frank B.; And Others

    This is part one of a two-part manual for teachers using SMSG high school text materials. Each chapter contains a commentary on the text, answers to exercises, and a set of illustrative test questions. Chapter topics include sets, relations and functions, polynomial functions, and algebra of polynomial functions. (MP)

  4. Oral Language Development as a Precursor to Literacy. ERIC Topical Bibliography and Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Carl B., Ed.

    Research suggests that oral language development is directly related to literacy, and is crucial for success in learning to be literate. This topical bibliography and commentary discusses language acquisition theories, components of language, phonology in literacy, and a first-grade classroom study that explored "literate talk" in the classroom…

  5. A Commentary on "Integrated Reporting: A Review of Developments and Their Implications for the Accounting Curriculum"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa Ruiz, Carmen

    2013-01-01

    In this commentary, Correa Ruiz notes that from his analysis, Owen (2013) identified the essential elements to be included in a modern professional accounting curriculum, described how Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA) has embedded "Integrated Reporting" in its curriculum, and discussed future curriculum development,…

  6. Guideposts to Self-Directed Learning. Expert Commentary on Essential Concepts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Confessore, Gary J., Ed.; Confessore, Sharon J., Ed.

    The 15 chapters in this book include commentaries on 12 seminal works on self-directed learning (SDL) by Houle, Knowles, Tough, Spear and Mocker, Brookfield, Caffarella and O'Donnell, and Long et al. These works were identified by a Delphi panel of 49 experts. Chapter titles and authors are as follows: "An Introduction to the Study of…

  7. Should psychology be 'positive'? Letting the philosophers speak: Commentary on... Hope, optimism and delusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyebode, Femi

    2014-04-01

    This is a brief commentary on the value of optimism in therapy. It draws on the philosophical writings of Schopenhauer and Aristotle. It suggests that the modern preoccupation with optimism may be as extreme as the bleak pessimistic outlook favoured by Schopenhauer.

  8. A Commentary on"'Sustainability and Accounting Education: The Elephant in the Classroom"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laine, Matias

    2013-01-01

    In this commentary Matias Laine reviews the vivid paper written by Rob Gray (2013) who discusses his view of how sustainability is positioned within accounting education and how accounting educators can directly approach sustainability in their teaching. Laine notes many of the aspects that Gray considers important reflect the starting point of…

  9. "Utopia" and "Passion": A Commentary on "Sustainability and Accounting Education: The Elephant in the Classroom"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Contrafatto, Massimo

    2013-01-01

    In this commentary, Massimo Contrafatto explains his understanding of Gray's interpretation of accounting education for sustainability (AE4S), and contributes some personal insights to the future development of AE4S. Gray reflected on an educational engagement experiment where the complex issues surrounding sustainability were dealt with in an…

  10. Toward A Better Understanding of Perceived Complexity in Music: A Commentary on Eerola (2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Eerola (2016 evaluates models of musical complexity based on expectancy violation and information theory. This commentary notes the deep relationship between these two phenomena, and argues for a more active partnership between computational and psychological approaches in understanding perceptions of musical complexity.

  11. Commentary: The (Hmong Shamans’ Power of Healing Sharing the Esoteric Knowledge of a Great Mong Shaman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Lemoine, PhD

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the author clarifies and provides additional information about his anthropological work over the past several decades with Mong Master Shaman Xyooj Tsu Yob and his disciples. This commentary article is intended as a response to Dr. Nicholas Tapp‟s “Perspectives on Hmong Studies” published in Volume 11 of the Hmong Studies Journal.

  12. Invited Commentary: Understanding Brain Mechanisms of Pain Processing in Adolescents' Non-Suicidal Self-Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballard, Elizabeth; Bosk, Abigail; Pao, Maryland

    2010-01-01

    Whereas non-suicidal self injury (NSSI) is reported in 13-23% of adolescents and is an increasingly studied topic, there has been little investigation into the pathophysiology behind self-injury. This commentary examines recent research into pain and emotional distress to discuss implications for the manner we should understand, research, and…

  13. Commentary: Advances in Research on Sourcing-Source Credibility and Reliable Processes for Producing Knowledge Claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinn, Clark A.; Rinehart, Ronald W.

    2016-01-01

    In our commentary on this excellent set of articles on "Sourcing in the Reading Process," we endeavor to synthesize the findings from the seven articles and discuss future research. We discuss significant contributions related to source memory, source evaluation, use of sources in action and belief, integration of information from…

  14. "Cognitive Diagnosis and Q-Matrices in Language Assessment": A Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alderson, J. Charles

    2010-01-01

    This commentary appraises the 2009 special issue of "Language Assessment Quarterly" on "Cognitive Diagnosis and Q-matrices in Language Assessment." Despite a number of weaknesses, specifically in attempting inappropriately to retrofit a suite of proficiency tests to diagnostic purposes, the special issue is seen as a landmark in the development of…

  15. The Two Hands of Thomas Aquinas : The Reportationes of the Commentary on Matthew

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ten Klooster, Anton

    2014-01-01

    The gospel of Matthew is more important to the theology of Thomas Aquinas than most scholars have realised. Access to his commentary on this gospel is impeded by the lack of a critical edition. Moreover, we have only two reportationes of the text. In order to establish the value of these texts, I pr

  16. Commentary: Potential Neurobiologic Mechanisms through Which Metabolic Disorders Could Relate to Autism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Michael V.

    2000-01-01

    To illustrate the possible relationships between metabolic disorders and autism, this commentary reviews findings from studies on the characteristics of individuals with Rett syndrome that indicate the genetic mechanism of transcriptional dysregulation can produce pathologic phenotypes which resemble metabolic disorders that stunt axonodendritic…

  17. Commentary on Reviews of James Tooley's "The Beautiful Tree" and Tooley's Reply

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yagnamurthy, Sreekanth; Tooley, James

    2011-01-01

    In this commentary Yagnamurthy raises several issues such as right to education, English as the medium of instruction, and quality of education in low-fee and unrecognized schools. Also, Yagnamurthy is of the view that both public and private sectors need to endeavor for equitable participation of all children in education. Tooley replies.

  18. Commentary: Differentiated Measures of Temperament and Multiple Pathways to Childhood Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothbart, Mary K.

    2004-01-01

    Provided is a commentary on articles written for a special section on temperament and childhood disorders. Temperament's contributions to the development of childhood disorders are considered both generally and specifically. Questions are raised about the use of terminology in the field, particularly the term difficult. Differentiation of outcomes…

  19. A Commentary on "Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights and Business Schools' Responsibility to Teach It"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everett, Jeff

    2013-01-01

    In this commentary on "Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights and Business Schools' Responsibility to Teach It" (McPhail 2013), the author discusses how McPhail's paper examines human rights teaching principles, the question of why corporations and business schools should respect and teach human rights, and how business…

  20. Non-Formal Education in Poland and Canada--Compared: A Brief Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Norman L.; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Kritsonis, William Allan

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this brief note is to compare non-formal education in Poland and Canada in terms of accessibility, and it is motivated by the fact that learning is a lifelong process because of rapid advances in technology. The theoretical framework for this commentary is supplied by the general idea that non-formal learning provides a social…

  1. Transformative Role of Epigenetics in Child Development Research: Commentary on the Special Section

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keating, Daniel P.

    2016-01-01

    Lester, Conradt, and Marsit (2016) have assembled a set of articles that bring to readers of "Child Development" the scope and impact of the exponentially growing research on epigenetics and child development. This commentary aims to place this work in a broader context of theory and research by (a) providing a conceptual framework for…

  2. A Commentary on "Piercing the Bubble": Should Management Education "Confront" Poverty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dart, Raymond

    2008-01-01

    This commentary contrasts "Piercing the Bubble" by proposing "pull" (rather than "push") strategies as a way for business schools to more meaningfully engage poverty and social exclusion. By reframing poverty issues in such a manner that they connect with core business student interests of career opportunities, current management practices, and…

  3. Ethics and the Marketing of Technology for Training and Performance Improvement: A Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carliner, Saul

    2003-01-01

    This commentary is intended to start a conversation on ethical behavior in the marketing of our work, with a special focus on the issues that arise when marketing technology and related services. The general literature on marketing ethics suggests that marketers have more relaxed ethical values than the general public. Therefore, ethics should be…

  4. A Response to Commentaries on "Music Matters: A Philosophy of Music Education," Second Edition (2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, David J.; Silverman, Marissa

    2015-01-01

    This essay responds to five commentaries on "Music Matters: A Philosophy of Music Education," 2nd edition (2015). Because each author provides a substantial discussion of different aspects of the book, this essay does not attempt to address all points. Instead, we reflect on selected aspects of each scholar's critique.

  5. Differences and Deficits in Psychological Research in Historical Perspective: A Commentary on the Special Section

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cole, Michael

    2013-01-01

    This commentary traces discussions of psychological differences and deficits from the mid-1950s to the current day, positioning the disciplinary discussions in the social-historical context in which they took place. The challenges of assessing diagnoses of deficit and the potential harms that result when misdiagnosis is implemented as social…

  6. "Utopia" and "Passion": A Commentary on "Sustainability and Accounting Education: The Elephant in the Classroom"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Contrafatto, Massimo

    2013-01-01

    In this commentary, Massimo Contrafatto explains his understanding of Gray's interpretation of accounting education for sustainability (AE4S), and contributes some personal insights to the future development of AE4S. Gray reflected on an educational engagement experiment where the complex issues surrounding sustainability were dealt with in an…

  7. Continuing the Discussion: A Commentary on "Wilderness Therapy--Ethical Considerations for Mental Health Professionals"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, David A.; Duerson, Lauren M.

    2010-01-01

    Wilderness therapy programs continue to be a possible treatment modality for at-risk youth who require out-of-home care. Issues associated with wilderness therapy also continue to be a spirited topic with professionals in the field and the general public. This commentary will add additional considerations, and continue the discussion concerning…

  8. Case Commentary on Concurrent Remedies in Pamesa v. Mendelson

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lookofsky, Joseph

    2010-01-01

    The Commentary relates to the decision of Israel Supreme Court (Pamesa Ceramica v. Yisrael Mendelson Ltd) decided on 17 March 2009. Although the law directly applied was the 1964 Hague Sales Convention (ULIS), the court discussed Articles 38, 39 and 40 of the United Nations Convention on Contracts...

  9. Research on Teaching in Physical Education: A Commentary on Silverman's Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldberger, Michael

    1991-01-01

    Presents a positive commentary on Stephen Silverman's research review on teaching in physical education (RT-PE). The article discusses the need for a clearer definition of teaching, reviews Silverman's RT-PE schema, examines another framework for conceptualizing research methods for teaching, and suggests the Spectrum of Teaching Styles for…

  10. Commentary to Adam Oliver’s 'Incentivising improvements in health care delivery'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vrangbæk, Karsten

    2015-01-01

    The commentary discusses key issues for assessment of performance management within health care. It supports the ambition to develop more realistic understandings of performance management based on insights from behavioral economics as suggested by Adam Oliver. However, it also points to several...

  11. Metaphors and the Market: Consequences and Preconditions of Agent and Object Metaphors in Stock Market Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Michael W.; Sheldon, Oliver J.; Ames, Daniel R.; Young, Maia J.

    2007-01-01

    We investigated two types of metaphors in stock market commentary. "Agent" metaphors describe price trajectories as volitional actions, whereas "object" metaphors describe them as movements of inanimate objects. Study 1 examined the consequences of commentators' metaphors for their investor audience. Agent metaphors, compared with object metaphors…

  12. Commentary: Outreach, Engagement, and the Changing Culture of the University--1998

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, John V.

    2016-01-01

    In this commentary, author John Byrne reflects on his 1998 "Journal of Public Service & Outreach" article, "Outreach, Engagement, and the Changing Culture of the University" reprinted in this 20th anniversary issue of "Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement." Byrne's 1998 article was a call to modify…

  13. Commentary: Leapfrogging as a Principle for Research on Children and Youth in Majority World Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sommer, Simon

    2013-01-01

    This commentary was written while the author was visiting the 30th International Congress of Psychology in Cape Town, South Africa. Looking at the program, he could see that psychological research on non-Western populations and internationally comparative research seems to be much "en vogue"! However, much of the research he has seen…

  14. A Response to Commentaries on "Music Matters: A Philosophy of Music Education," Second Edition (2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, David J.; Silverman, Marissa

    2015-01-01

    This essay responds to five commentaries on "Music Matters: A Philosophy of Music Education," 2nd edition (2015). Because each author provides a substantial discussion of different aspects of the book, this essay does not attempt to address all points. Instead, we reflect on selected aspects of each scholar's critique.

  15. On Reading and Not Reading Today: A Commentary on L. Borusiak's Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubin, Boris

    2012-01-01

    In this commentary, the author stresses that reading habits in Russia have changed since the Soviet era, and the more intellectual journals and magazines in particular have lost their importance. Audiences for books and magazines have fragmented, and there are fewer sources of commonly shared information and ideas than was true a few decades ago.…

  16. "Cognitive Diagnosis and Q-Matrices in Language Assessment": A Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alderson, J. Charles

    2010-01-01

    This commentary appraises the 2009 special issue of "Language Assessment Quarterly" on "Cognitive Diagnosis and Q-matrices in Language Assessment." Despite a number of weaknesses, specifically in attempting inappropriately to retrofit a suite of proficiency tests to diagnostic purposes, the special issue is seen as a landmark in the development of…

  17. Using New Models to Analyze Complex Regularities of the World: Commentary on Musso et al. (2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nokelainen, Petri; Silander, Tomi

    2014-01-01

    This commentary to the recent article by Musso et al. (2013) discusses issues related to model fitting, comparison of classification accuracy of generative and discriminative models, and two (or more) cultures of data modeling. We start by questioning the extremely high classification accuracy with an empirical data from a complex domain. There is…

  18. A Commentary on"'Sustainability and Accounting Education: The Elephant in the Classroom"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laine, Matias

    2013-01-01

    In this commentary Matias Laine reviews the vivid paper written by Rob Gray (2013) who discusses his view of how sustainability is positioned within accounting education and how accounting educators can directly approach sustainability in their teaching. Laine notes many of the aspects that Gray considers important reflect the starting point of…

  19. Conceptual Change--Multiple Routes, Multiple Mechanisms: A Commentary on Ohlsson (2009)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinn, Clark A.; Samarapungavan, Ala

    2009-01-01

    This article presents a commentary on Stellan Ohlsson's (2009) theory of conceptual change by resubsumption and competitive evaluation of cognitive utility. We note two features of Ohlsson's theory that we think are particularly strong. We then argue that Ohlsson's theory explains one route to conceptual change but that there are many other routes…

  20. Transformative Role of Epigenetics in Child Development Research: Commentary on the Special Section

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keating, Daniel P.

    2016-01-01

    Lester, Conradt, and Marsit (2016) have assembled a set of articles that bring to readers of "Child Development" the scope and impact of the exponentially growing research on epigenetics and child development. This commentary aims to place this work in a broader context of theory and research by (a) providing a conceptual framework for…

  1. Commentary on "Reading Comprehension Is Not a Single Ability": Implications for Child Language Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ukrainetz, Teresa A.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: This commentary responds to the implications for child language intervention of Catts and Kamhi's (2017) call to move from viewing reading comprehension as a single ability to recognizing it as a complex constellation of reader, text, and activity. Method: Reading comprehension, as Catts and Kamhi explain, is very complicated. In this…

  2. Neoliberalism as Nihilism? A Commentary on Educational Accountability, Teacher Education, and School Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuck, Eve

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses neoliberalism as an extension of settler colonialism. The article provides commentary on five recent articles on teacher education and the neoliberal agenda. The article presents an analysis of neoliberalism as despair, and as a form of nihilism. The author discusses an indigenous model of school reform and…

  3. 16 CFR Appendix to Part 600 - Commentary on the Fair Credit Reporting Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., credit unions, or universities). (2) Information beyond the reporting entity's own transactions or... experiences between the consumer and the reporting entity. B. “(A)ny authorization or approval of a specific... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Commentary on the Fair Credit Reporting...

  4. Psychological and Ethical Considerations Concerning the Debreather and Assisted Suicide: A Commentary on Ogden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleespies, Phillip M.

    2010-01-01

    This article offers a commentary on the report by Russel Ogden (2010/this issue) on the use of the "debreather" for suicide assistance by the NuTech (or New Technologies for Self-Deliverance) program. The emergence of NuTech is set within its historical and political context. Nu Tech is criticized for its anarchic and extreme advocacy of…

  5. Omnivorous Representation Might Lead to Indigestion: Commentary on Amaral and Roeper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slabakova, Roumyana

    2014-01-01

    This article offers commentary that the Multiple Grammar (MG) language acquisition theory proposed by Luiz Amaral and Tom Roeper (A&R) in the present issue lacks elaboration of the psychological mechanisms at work in second language acquisition. Topics discussed include optionality in a speaker's grammar and the rules of verb position in…

  6. A Commentary on Cultural Influences Impacting the Education of Korean American Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Adrian Woo; Stang, Kristin; Ferko, Doreen; Han, Shin-Il

    2011-01-01

    Korean American adolescents may find themselves caught between traditional Korean culture and demands for Americanization. Subsequently this population of students and parents may have very distinct needs in our schools as they are a growing population of students. This commentary discusses important considerations for teachers and administrators…

  7. Commentary: Differentiated Measures of Temperament and Multiple Pathways to Childhood Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothbart, Mary K.

    2004-01-01

    Provided is a commentary on articles written for a special section on temperament and childhood disorders. Temperament's contributions to the development of childhood disorders are considered both generally and specifically. Questions are raised about the use of terminology in the field, particularly the term difficult. Differentiation of outcomes…

  8. Commentary: Immunological Treatments for Autism: In Search of Reasons for Promising Approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmerman, Andrew W.

    2000-01-01

    This commentary on research findings that indicate immunological abnormalities in children with autism, discusses the lack of evidence indicating autoantibodies specifically affect the vulnerable neuronal networks or synaptic functions of individuals with autism to account for the cognitive and behavioral symptoms of the disorder. (Contains…

  9. Mathematics for Junior High School. Commentary for Teachers. Volume II (Part 2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, R. D.; And Others

    This is part one of a two-part manual for teachers using SMSG junior high school text materials. A chapter-by-chapter commentary on the text is given as well as answers to all the exercises. Chapter topics include: (1) number line and coordinates; (2) equations; (3) scientific notation; (4) applications of percent; and (5) congruence and the…

  10. Plantas útiles en don Joan de Castellanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Germán Romero

    1963-04-01

    Full Text Available Castellanos no se propuso escribir una historia natural del Nuevo Mundo. Pero cuando se presentó la ocasión dio rienda suelta a su espíritu investigador para describir un animal o una planta.

  11. Interviews : Joan Tarradellas i Espuny (ACCIO)

    OpenAIRE

    Tarradellas i Espuny, Joan

    2013-01-01

    Chief Executive Officer of the agency for innovation and internationalization of Catalan enterprise (ACCIO). Holder of a degree in Industrial Engineering from the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), an MBA from IESE Business School, an MBA, Exch. Pr., from the Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, and a PhD in Business Administration from the UPC. Since beginning his professional career in 1994, he has led teams in the acquisition and privatization of medium and large industrial ...

  12. Entrevista : Joan Tarradellas i Espuny (ACCIO)

    OpenAIRE

    Tarradellas i Espuny, Joan

    2013-01-01

    Consejero delegado de la agencia de apoyo a la innovación y a la internacionalización de la empresa catalana (ACCIO). Ingeniero superior industrial por la Universidad Politécnica de Cataluña (UPC), MBA de IESE Business School, MBA (exch.pr.) de la Wharton School (University of Pennsylvania) y doctor en Administración de Empresas por la UPC. Desde que inició su trayectoria profesional en 1994, ha liderado equipos de adquisiciones y privatizaciones de medianas y grandes empresas industriales en...

  13. The 'relics of Joan of Arc'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Charlier, P.; Poupon, J.; Eb, A.

    2010-01-01

    such as a cadaver X of carbonised aspect: forensic anthropologist, medical examiners, pathologists, geneticists, radiologist, biochemists, palynologists, zoologist and archaeologist. Materials, methods and results of this study are presented here. This study aims to offer an exploitable methodology for the modern...... medico-legal cases of small quantities of human bones of carbonised aspect....

  14. MATERNAL AND INFANT HEALTH SECTION OF THE DEMOGRAPHIC AND HEALTH SURVEY REPORT OF GHANA, 2008: A COMMENTARY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Adu-gyamfi

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article is basically a commentary on some sections on infant and maternalhealthcare of the 2008 demographic and health survey of Ghana. The attention of bothpolicy makers and academics are drawn to the need to ensure the expansion of thematernal and infant healthcare in Ghana. In same commentary, attention of readershave been drawn to the proclivity of the free maternal health policy to positively shapematernal and infant care in Ghana.

  15. Commentary on Brockmeier’s remapping memory: the relation between past, present and future as a metaphor of memory

    OpenAIRE

    Carretero, Mario; Solcoff, Karina

    2012-01-01

    A commentary of Jens Brockmeier’s paper ‘‘Remapping memory’’ (2010) is presented. Also, a number of relations to previous commentaries about the same paper are presented. First, we agree with Brockmeier and Haye with respect to the artificial and useless separation of memory and other psychological functions. On the other hand, five implicit assumptions of the archive model, criticized by Brockmeier, are presented. These assumptions are considered to raise the issue of the need to in...

  16. Thematic Mapping Maps Much Territory But Needs Stronger Evidence-based Coordinates: A Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eells, Tracy D

    2017-04-01

    Thematic mapping (TM) is a transtheoretical, transdiagnostic, pattern-focused method of case formulation. It involves systematically gathering a broad range relevant client information, collecting representative behavioral episodes, using inductive and deductive reasoning to identify themes and subthemes that characterize a client's dysfunctional patterns, and then developing a treatment plan to address them. The TM method includes debiasing steps to minimize clinician judgment errors and addresses a client's cultural context. TM was developed in response to several "case misconceptualizations" that the authors contend have created a crisis in the field of case conceptualization. This commentary critiques the case misconceptualizations and the TM method is evaluated. Acknowledging multiple innovations of TM, the commentary recommends a stronger evidence-based focus, and discusses the benefits of theory-guided case formulation, reasons to consider diagnosis in case formulation, and research as a means to resolve case misconceptualizations.

  17. Commentary on “Constructing New Theory for Identifying Students with Emotional Disturbance”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheri Ann Hernandez

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available First we would like to commend and thank Dr. Dori Barnett for her willingness to submit her work for the purpose of acting as a constructivist grounded theory research exemplar, with the understanding that she was subjecting her work to the scrutiny of researchers from another grounded theory tradition. We have developed this commentary on Dr. Barnett’s work in the spirit of respect and colleagueship that was recommended in the guest editorial of this Grounded Theory Review issue. We acknowledge that her study is very significant and will be very useful to practitioners. Our purpose is to use the research exemplar to identify differences between this type of research and that of classic grounded theory.Readers who have been schooled and grounded in classic grounded theory methodology will have noticed at least five major differences between the constructivist grounded theory exemplar and classic grounded theory. This commentary will delineate and describe these differences.

  18. Similar Findings, Different Interpretations: A Response to the Commentary by Bootsma et al. (2010)

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Soest, A. J.; Beek, Peter J.

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we respond to the commentary by R. J. Bootsma, L. Fernandez, A. H. P. Morice, and G. Montagne (2010) concerning our original study on the role of vision during the execution of fast interceptive actions (A. J. van Soest, L. J. R. Casius, W. de Kok, M. Krijger, M. Meeder, and P. J. Beek, 2010), that was inspired by the seminal study…

  19. Commentary on Neostigmine Interactions with Non steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs by Miranda et al.

    OpenAIRE

    Tallarida, Ronald J.

    2002-01-01

    The article by Miranda et al. presents data showing significant synergism between NEO and certain NSAIDs administered i.p. in the mouse. Their conclusions follow from isobolar analysis accompanied by statistical confidence limits that show significant differences between the additive (expected) and experimental potencies. This commentary discusses the features of the graphical method of analysis and points out other experimental designs and the methods used to analyse them.

  20. Commentary on Neostigmine Interactions with Non steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs by Miranda et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tallarida, Ronald J

    2002-01-01

    The article by Miranda et al. presents data showing significant synergism between NEO and certain NSAIDs administered i.p. in the mouse. Their conclusions follow from isobolar analysis accompanied by statistical confidence limits that show significant differences between the additive (expected) and experimental potencies. This commentary discusses the features of the graphical method of analysis and points out other experimental designs and the methods used to analyse them. PMID:11934797

  1. Toward a phenomenology of forensic psychotherapy: a commentary on Polizzi and Draper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aanstoos, Christopher M

    2013-06-01

    This piece is a commentary on the article by Polizzi and Draper (2013), elaborating a phenomenological hermeneutic of clinical forensics. First, it analyzes their depiction of the concepts of reduction, the given and the manifest, and the event. Second, it discusses their application of these ideas to clinical forensics, particularly with respect to issues of the openness/closedness of the client and therapist and their context.

  2. Psychiatric disorder and suicide in the military, then and now: commentary on Frueh and Smith.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNally, Richard J

    2012-10-01

    Consulting archival medical data from the American Civil War, Frueh and Smith found little evidence of mental disorders, no evidence of reexperiencing symptoms suggestive of posttraumatic stress disorder, but a notable rate of suicide. In this commentary, I suggest reasons why the archives contain so few traces of combat-related disorders despite the massive trauma experienced by soldiers in the Civil War, and I draw implications for military personnel returning from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

  3. Commentary on neostigmine interactions with non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs by Miranda et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tallarida, Ronald J

    2002-04-01

    The article by Miranda et al. presents data showing significant synergism between NEO and certain NSAIDs administered i.p. in the mouse. Their conclusions follow from isobolar analysis accompanied by statistical confidence limits that show significant differences between the additive (expected) and experimental potencies. This commentary discusses the features of the graphical method of analysis and points out other experimental designs and the methods used to analyse them.

  4. Management Commentary as an Information Transparency Means in a Non-listed Environment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schøler, Finn

    In a stakeholder perspective, this paper deals with information transparency through use of the non-listed companies (SME’s). One of the main incentives for doing this is to reduce the cost of capital, improve the credit ratings and improve the supplier accepted creditworthiness. The paper...... demonstrates empirically that strategically it could be a good idea for SME’s to exercise a high level of corporate transparency through use of an extensive management commentary....

  5. OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE AND INTERACTION EFFECTS OF FIRM PERFORMANCE ON MANAGEMENT COMMENTARY DISCLOSURES

    OpenAIRE

    Roshayani Arshad; Rohaya Md Nor; Nur Adura Ahmad Noruddin

    2011-01-01

    A rich empirical research suggests that corporate disclosures are important means for management to communicate firm performance and governance to outside investors. (e.g. Chau & Gray, 2002; Mohd Ghazali & Weetman, 2006). In the last few years, there is an increasing attention regarding non-financial information disclosure in companies' annual reports. An important development in relation to this is the discussion paper and subsequently statement practice on Management Commentary (MC) issued ...

  6. Commentary on “Constructing New Theory for Identifying Students with Emotional Disturbance”

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    First we would like to commend and thank Dr. Dori Barnett for her willingness to submit her work for the purpose of acting as a constructivist grounded theory research exemplar, with the understanding that she was subjecting her work to the scrutiny of researchers from another grounded theory tradition. We have developed this commentary on Dr. Barnett’s work in the spirit of respect and colleagueship that was recommended in the guest editorial of this Grounded Theory Review issue. We acknowle...

  7. Response to Open Peer Commentaries on "Diagnosis By Television Documentary: Professional Responsibilities in Informal Encounters".

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    In presenting the situation of a health professional witnessing an instance of misdiagnosis and mistreatment in a television documentary, we hoped to stimulate discussion of the professional responsibilities of health workers in informal encounters in a rapidly changing environment comprising print, television, and more recently social media platforms. The commentaries on our article do not disappoint in this respect, providing insightful and sometimes challenging reactions to the position we...

  8. Belief, emotion, and health: toward an integrative account. Commentary on John Cromby's 'beyond belief'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sundararajan, Louise

    2012-10-01

    This commentary identifies in Cromby's formulation of belief the potentials for developing three innovative approaches to belief systems: emotion as meaning, cognition as dialogue, and an aesthetic model of meaning making based on Susanne Langer's integrative approach to feeling and form. It is argued that the semiotics of Charles Sanders Peirce can help to weave these threads into an integrative theory to shed some light on the connection between belief, emotion, and health.

  9. Towards a Global Social Support System: A Response to the Recent Commentaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin McKee

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available When we invoked the example of the US National Basketball Association’s (NBA’s scheme for redistribution of new talent as a model offering lessons for a possible future global social support system we hoped that we would stimulate debate. Consequently, we are very grateful to Goldblatt1 and Labonté2 for their insightful commentaries that explore some of the issues that arise from our suggestion

  10. Conceptual combination: extension and intension. Commentary on Aerts, Gabora, and Sozzo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hampton, James A

    2014-01-01

    Aerts et al. provide a valuable model to capture the interactive nature of conceptual combination in conjunctions and disjunctions. The commentary provides a brief review of the interpretation of these interactions that has been offered in the literature, and argues for a closer link between the more traditional account in terms of concept intensions, and the parameters that emerge from the fitting of the Quantum Probability model.

  11. Evaluating single-case research data for systematic review: a commentary for the special issue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maggin, Daniel M; Odom, Samuel L

    2014-04-01

    The purpose of this commentary is to provide observation on the statistical procedures described throughout this special section from the perspective of researchers with experience in conducting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of single-case research to address issues of evidence-based practice. It is our position that both visual and statistical analyses are complimentary methods for evaluating single-case research data for these purposes. Given the recent developments regarding the use of single-case research to inform evidence-based practice and policy, the developments described in the present issue will be contextualized within the need for a widely accepted process for data evaluation to assist with extending the impact of single-case research. The commentary will, therefore, begin with providing an overview of the conceptual underpinnings of a systematic review of single-case research and will be followed by a discussion of several features that are essential to the development of a conceptually sound and widely used statistical procedure for single-case research. The commentary will conclude with recommendations and guidelines for the use of both visual and statistical analyses within primary research reports and recommendations for future research.

  12. Interventions and Models of Their Delivery to Reduce the Burden of Mental Illness: Reply to Commentaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazdin, Alan E; Blase, Stacey L

    2011-09-01

    Our article in the January issue of Perspectives on Psychological Science (Kazdin & Blase, 2011) recommended developing a portfolio of models to deliver psychotherapeutic interventions with the goals of reaching a larger and more diverse segment of the population in need of mental health services and reducing the burden of mental illness. The commentaries offer several novel extensions to advance the goals. Among the topics raised in the commentaries are the role of moderating influences, the importance of a public health model for intervention research and application, the need to organize and manage our knowledge base and current treatments more effectively, the potential utility of priming-based interventions, the importance of cost measures, and novel applications to extend treatment broadly to veterans in need of services. The commentaries stimulated additional points to address the original goals including the utility of identifying interventions (e.g., lifestyle changes) that can reach many people in need and that can have broad outcome effects on mental and physical health, the importance of "disruptive innovations" (i.e., innovations that qualitatively change the nature of what and how services are delivered) from a business perspective, and the need for improved assessment to track the burden of mental illness in an ongoing way and to evaluate subgroups not being reached with our current interventions. © Association for Psychological Science 2011.

  13. En estil de fictes paraules que tenen sentits no fictes: anàlisi de locucions i col·locacions en Joan Roís de Corella en el context del llenguatge literari de la Corona d’Aragó en el segle XV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martines, Vicent

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a detailed analysis of a sample of phrases, collocations and other phraseological elements and order of significant words regarding the characterization of the flow of literary language in the work of Joan Roís de Corella. This analysis is based on an interdisciplinary methodology of the use of linguistic corpora, diachronic linguistics and IST (digital humanities applied to the analysis of the contribution of lexical and stylistic features by Roís de Corella in order to gauge the degree of his relevance as a classic.[ct] Aquest article presenta una mostra dels resultats de l’anàlisi detallada de locucions, col·locacions i altres elements fraseològics i d’ordre de mots significatius quant a la caracterització del cabal de llenguatge literari de Joan Roís de Corella. Aquesta anàlisi es fa amb metodologia interdisciplinar de base de lingüistica de corpus i de diacronia lingüistica, i amb el concurs de les tecnologies de la informació i la comunicació (humanitats digitals, que s’apliquen a l’anàlisi de l’aportació lèxica i estilística d’un autor clau com és Roís de Corella a fide calibrar el grau de sintonia i, alhora, d’especificitat del seu llenguatge literari; en quin grau coincideix el seu llenguatge literari amb el d’altres grans clàssics culturals de la Corona d’Aragó, i en què basa, alhora, Roís de Corella la clau de la seua mestria estilística.

  14. The Philosophical Allegory of the Isis Figure in Beroaldo’s Commentary on Apuleius’ Golden Ass

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonja Weiss

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to identify the philosophical digressions in Philippo Beroaldo’s encyclopaedic commentary, and to understand them in view of the author’s general approach to Apuleius’ Golden Ass. As Beroaldo deliberately abstains from writing a philosophical commentary, it is no surprise that he gives merely a historical (and yet personally coloured survey of the tale of Cupid and Psyche and its tradition of various moralistic, religious, and philosophical interpretations. For him, Apuleius’ text is principally a moral allegory. On the other hand, the subject of Book 11 (the so-called Book of Isis, centred around Lucius’ spiritual as well as physical transformation, leads him to topics which he necessarily approaches as an erudite of his era, heavily influenced by the Christian Neoplatonism. His commentary on some passages of truly mystical character evinces an ambiguity attested at the very beginning, where Beroaldo, apart from the generally accepted moralistic interpretation, briefly mentions another way of reading the text: reading it as veiled Pythagorean and Platonic doctrines of the regeneration and transmigration of the soul. Indeed, Beroaldo’s interest in Pythagorean philosophy and its classical proponents is also evident in some of his other works, and the Commentary lacks no hints of these secret doctrines, which spring up quite unexpectedly sometimes. Even more surprising is Beroaldo’s reserve, once he broaches this subject, protected by what he terms fides silentii. He cherishes this expression to the point which makes us wonder whether his commentary merely reflects the encyclopaedic rigour of a teacher, eager to present a text from all points of view, or displays the emulous thought of a kindred spirit (a point made in some modern studies, restrained from saying more. Indeed, Beroaldo’s interpretation of the goddess Isis figure as an ancient manifestation of the one God corroborates the latter assumption. Also

  15. The Complexity of Embedded Frame in Mass Media Text — A Case Study of an Entertainment Commentary%The Complexity of Embedded Frame in Mass Media Text—A Case Study of an Entertainment Commentary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志红

    2016-01-01

    Taking Goffman's frame theory as a basis, this article analyzes an entertainment commentary and investigates how people's different experience of the organization of the daily life may affect their linguistic presentation. It finds commentaries appearing in the mass media cannot just be taken as a combination of the verbal signs following a set of rules, while, instead it is a reflection of the writers'experience of the media itself, the event and participants commented, and the potential audience in-volved in a particular frame. It is through the transformation and retransformation that the author of this commentary reveals to us her basic concern about the reality in her eyes. Although texts involved in the mass media are usually taken as a one-way com-munication, they can be taken as the speaker's presentation of self in their social interaction with the potential audience.

  16. Commentary on "Theory-Led Design of Instruments and Representations in Learning Analytics: Developing a Novel Tool for Orchestration of Online Collaborative Learning"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teplovs, Chris

    2015-01-01

    This commentary reflects on the contributions to learning analytics and theory by a paper that describes how multiple theoretical frameworks were woven together to inform the creation of a new, automated discourse analysis tool. The commentary highlights the contributions of the original paper, provides some alternative approaches, and touches on…

  17. A response to Dubler's commentary on "surmounting elusive barriers: the case for bioethics mediation".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergman, Edward J

    2013-01-01

    Dubler's commentary focuses on knowledge of clinical medicine and "institutional savvy" as pieces of the skill set required of bioethics mediators. Here, I describe why, as a practical matter, such requirements are unlikely to be achieved by a meaningful number of aspirants. Simultaneously, I examine the reasons why Dubler's criteria are inherently risk-laden and would be better addressed as a dialogue among experienced practitioners regarding the merits of alternative stylistic approaches, rather than as universal threshold criteria for the practice of bioethics mediation.

  18. Commentary on text of interview with Professor Lord Ara Darzi: 'Desirable? Yes; but is it achievable?'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferlie, Ewan

    2015-01-01

    This personal commentary explores some issues that arise in the text of the interview with Lord Darzi published in LJPC 6.6, from a point of view of an interest in health policy and change in healthcare organisations. It suggests that the vision is desirable but that there are four major questions about ready implementation that the field needs to consider: 1 Can primary care development and investment be protected in a cold financial climate? 2 Does the current marketisation of health care erode integration? 3 Does the health and social care system in London behave like a real system? 4 Is there really a cultural shift towards empowerment and organisational learning?

  19. The Pill Really Can Be Mightier Than the Sword: A Response to Recent Commentaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malcolm Potts

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available We appreciate the four commentaries that add new material and fresh perspectives to our article “The pill is mightier than the sword.” In emphasizing the role of voluntary family planning and girls’ education as achievable strategies with a potential to make the world a more peaceable place, we did not mean to oversimplify or disregard the intrinsic complexity of human conflict. On the whole, the commentators support and add to our thesis, although we question Pillai and Ya-Chien Wang’s suggestion that we may have overstated the unique human predisposition to kill our own species. We present additional data on male team aggression.

  20. Commentary on “Co-creating Stakeholder and Brand Identities: A Cross-cultural Consumer Perspective”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Csaba, Fabian

    2017-01-01

    This commentary raises awareness for the relevance of other cultural dimensions- besides individualism and collectivism - and alternative approaches to cross-cultural research for exploring cultural variations in stakeholders' co-construction of brand identity and their own identities. The author...... suggests replacing the value-centered approach to culture by an understanding of culture as something dynamic and unsettled, more than cognitive, disjunctive, and not necessarily bounded to geography. Culture includes other important aspects such as habits, rituals, practices, heroes, language and symbols...... influence of various cultures on each other can provide additional, relevant insights into reciprocal identity co-construction processes between brands and stakeholders....

  1. Commentary on 'health care in the information society. A prognosis for the year 2013'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeda, Hiroshi; Endoh, Hiroyoshi

    2002-11-20

    The paper, entitled 'Health care in the information society-a prognosis for the year 2013' is in this commentary compared with previous relevant documents. In the paper quantitative prognoses are presented for each of 30 theses. Some developments such as the influence of genomic medicine on health care were not covered by the theses. ICT measures as suggested in the paper are quite acceptable but the paper does not mention side effects of ICT on health care and is therefore a bit unbalanced. As a reference, the Japanese grand design for information-oriented health care is also introduced.

  2. Invited commentary: On the future of social epidemiology--a case for scientific realism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muntaner, Carles

    2013-09-15

    In their article in this issue of the Journal (Am J Epidemiol. 2013;178(6):843-849), Galea and Link identify important heuristics for our discipline. In this commentary, I build upon their ideas by arguing that (1) social epidemiology has become an Asian, European, Latin American, and African rather than just North American endeavor, (2) realism is better suited to social epidemiology than positivism, (3) more work on social mechanisms (social class relations, racial discrimination) is needed to increase the explanatory power of social epidemiology, (4) increased attention on (social) causal models will generate more innovative social interventions, and (5) social interventions should be conducted in full partnerships with affected populations.

  3. Hierarchical diagnostic classification models morphing into unidimensional 'diagnostic' classification models-a commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Davier, Matthias; Haberman, Shelby J

    2014-04-01

    This commentary addresses the modeling and final analytical path taken, as well as the terminology used, in the paper "Hierarchical diagnostic classification models: a family of models for estimating and testing attribute hierarchies" by Templin and Bradshaw (Psychometrika, doi: 10.1007/s11336-013-9362-0, 2013). It raises several issues concerning use of cognitive diagnostic models that either assume attribute hierarchies or assume a certain form of attribute interactions. The issues raised are illustrated with examples, and references are provided for further examination.

  4. Commentary: The Hmong and their Perceptions about Physical Disabilities: An Overview and Review of Selected Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Connie Cha

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The Hmong are one of the fastest growing populations in Central California. Hmong refugee families arrived in Fresno in the late 1970s facing a variety of challenges regarding their traditional health beliefs and the customs of mainstream Western biomedicine. Differing and sometimes conflicting perceptions about physical disabilities have resulted in painful misunderstandings between Hmong families and Western health care providers. The aim of this paper is to present a review of some of the Hmong health belief literature concerning physical disabilities in children. It also includes commentaries from those who work with the Hmong families of physically disabled children.

  5. Commentary: Plastic ocean and the cancer connection: 7 questions and answers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benno Meyer-Rochow, V; Valérie Gross, J; Steffany, Frank; Zeuss, Dominique; Erren, Thomas C

    2015-10-01

    A plethora of recent scientific reports testifies to challenges the world is facing from an ever-increasing marine plastic pollution. Toxicological concerns have been put forward, but possible links between the now ubiquitous synthetic polymers and human as well as wildlife cancers remain to be investigated. Hence, this commentary which addresses seven questions. Given numerous uncertainties on the factual impacts of plastics, we should embark on empirical studies into the validity of biologically plausible links between plastic residues and cancers and concomitantly consider ways to reduce plastics in the world within and around us. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Common misconceptions about cognitive mediation of treatment change: a commentary to Longmore and Worrell (2007).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann, Stefan G

    2008-01-01

    The article by Richard J. Longmore and Michael Worrell [Clinical Psychology Review, Volume 27, 2007, pp. 173-187] reviews a selection of studies showing no significant difference between treatment conditions that include formal cognitive restructuring techniques and other behavioral treatment modalities that do not include techniques to directly challenge cognitions. Based on this literature, Longmore and Worrell question the validity of the cognitive behavioral treatment model and argue that changes in symptoms are not mediated by changes in cognitions. Longmore and Worrell's arguments are based on common misconceptions about mediation models of treatment change. This commentary discusses and clarifies these misconceptions.

  7. A commentary on the 2015 Canadian Clinical Practice Guidelines in glutamine supplementation to parenteral nutrition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leguina-Ruzzi, Alberto

    2016-01-08

    Glutamine is one of the conditionally essential free amino acids with multiple biological functions. Its supplementation to parenteral nutrition has been widely used for the management of complications in intensive care. However, controversial clinical reports have generated reluctance in the use of this pharmaco-nutrient. In this commentary, we address the impact of four studies that influenced the recommendations on glutamine supplementation by the Canadian Clinical Practice Guide 2015. Because of the importance of this guideline in clinical practice, we strongly believe that a more rigorous and critical evaluation is required to support recommendations in future guidelines.

  8. Homeostasis and change: A commentary on Homeostatic Theory of Obesity by David Marks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlo C DiClemente

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This commentary on David Marks’ article on the Homeostatic Theory of Obesity and his Circle of Discontent mechanism for maintaining problematic eating behavior and obesity offers a perspective on the promise and potential of this theory. At the same time, we challenge the author to incorporate more of a process perspective into the theory. This would include greater exploration of how individuals enter and exit this hypothesized Circle of Discontent, how these mechanisms lead to obesity rather than other internalizing or externalizing disorders, and how the interactions among key variables differ for males and females and developmental stages.

  9. Propagating the nephrology research workforce: a Kidney Research National Dialogue training commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohan, Donald E; Parker, Mark G; Furth, Susan L; Hudson, Billy G; Warburton, Karen M; Rys-Sikora, Krystyna E; Rankin, Tracy L

    2014-06-06

    The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases conducted the Kidney Research National Dialogue as an interactive means to formulate and prioritize research goals necessary to address the needs of patients with renal disease. This commentary summarizes the discussion and priorities arising from the training domain of the dialogue and posits three overall strategies to broaden the nephrology research workforce pipeline. The community needs to recruit and provide support for mentors in nephrology, target medical and graduate students earlier in their education for exposure to renal research, and expand the research workforce to include basic scientists from many disciplines as well as under-represented minorities.

  10. Applying Organization Theory to Understanding the Adoption and Implementation of Accountable Care Organizations: Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shortell, Stephen M

    2016-12-01

    This commentary highights the key arguments and contributions of institutional thoery, transaction cost economics (TCE) theory, high reliability theory, and organizational learning theory to understanding the development and evolution of Accountable Care Organizations (ACOs). Institutional theory and TCE theory primarily emphasize the external influences shaping ACOs while high reliability theory and organizational learning theory underscore the internal fctors influencing ACO perfromance. A framework based on Implementation Science is proposed to conside the multiple perspectives on ACOs and, in particular, their abiity to innovate to achieve desired cost, quality, and population health goals.

  11. The mythology of the divine in P. Beroaldo's Commentaries on Book 11 of Apuleius' Metamorphoses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonja Weiss

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The article investigates Beroaldo's approach to the theological themes of Book 11 of Apuleius' Metamorphoses focusing on his interpretation of the figure of Isis, represented by Apuleius as the Moon goddess of many names. A symbol of Nature, Fortune and Fate, at the same time changeable and motionless, Isis is no less than the transcendent deity ruling the universe. In Beroaldo's commentaries, Antiquity not only coexists with Christianity but actually stimulates it, and their symbiosis is an edifying model proposed by Beroaldo to the audience of his readers and students.

  12. Response to Miccio-Fonseca (2015) and Defeo (2015) Concerning Commentary About DSM-5 Sexual Disorders Section.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, Colin A

    2017-01-01

    Responses by Miccio-Fonseca (2015) and DeFeo (2015) to a commentary by Ross on problems with the sexual disorders sections of DSM-5 are based on a misunderstanding of Ross's article (2015a). Miccio-Fonseca and DeFeo describe what they consider to be confusion and misunderstanding in Ross's opinions about gender, sexuality, and related topics. However, Ross offered no personal opinions in his commentary and was focused solely on inconsistencies and contradictions within DSM-III, DSM-IV, and DSM-5.

  13. A commentary review of the cost effectiveness of manual therapies for neck and low back pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Brent; Jagger, Kristen; Aron, Adrian; Steinbeck, Larry; Stecco, Antonio

    2017-07-01

    Neck and low back pain (NLBP) are global health problems, which diminish quality of life and consume vast economic resources. Cost effectiveness in healthcare is the minimal amount spent to obtain acceptable outcomes. Studies on manual therapies often fail to identify which manual therapy intervention or combinations with other interventions is the most cost effective. The purpose of this commentary is to sample the dialogue within the literature on the cost effectiveness of evidence-based manual therapies with a particular focus on the neck and low back regions. This commentary identifies and presents the available literature on the cost effectiveness of manual therapies for NLBP. Key words searched were neck and low back pain, cost effectiveness, and manual therapy to select evidence-based articles. Eight articles were identified and presented for discussion. The lack of homogeneity, in the available literature, makes difficult any valid comparison among the various cost effectiveness studies. Potential outcome bias in each study is dependent upon the lens through which it is evaluated. If evaluated from a societal perspective, the conclusion slants toward "adequate" interventions in an effort to decrease costs rather than toward the most efficacious interventions with the best outcomes. When cost data are assessed according to a healthcare (or individual) perspective, greater value is placed on quality of life, the patient's beliefs, and the "willingness to pay." Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. A commentary on the disparate perspectives of clinical microbiologists and surgeons

    Science.gov (United States)

    O’Connell, Nuala H; O’Connor, Ciara; O’Mahony, Jim; Lobo, Ronstan; Hayes, Maria; Masterson, Eric; Larvin, Michael; Coffey, J Calvin; Dunne, Colum

    2014-01-01

    Prosthetic joints and other orthopedic implants have improved quality of life for patients world-wide and the use of such devices is increasing. However, while infection rates subsequent to associated surgery are relatively low (<3%), the consequences of incidence are considerable, encompassing morbidity (including amputation) and mortality in addition to significant social and economic costs. Emphasis, therefore, has been placed on mitigating microbial risk, with clinical microbiologists and surgeons utilizing rapidly evolving molecular laboratory techniques in detection and diagnosis of infection, which still occurs despite sophisticated patient management. Multidisciplinary approaches are regularly adopted to achieve this. In this commentary, we describe an unusual case of Actinomyces infection in total hip arthroplasty and, in that context, describe the perspectives of the clinical microbiology and surgical teams and how they contrasted. More specifically, this case demonstrates an ad hoc approach to structured eradication of biofilms and intracellular bacteria related to biomaterials, as reflected in early usage of linezolid. This is a complex topic and, as described in this case, such accelerated treatment can be effective. This commentary focuses on the merits of such inadvisable use of potent antimicrobials amid the risk of diminishing valuable antimicrobial efficacy, albeit resulting in desirable patient outcomes. PMID:25122489

  15. Data withdrawal in randomized controlled trials: Defining the problem and proposing solutions: a commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Chenglin; Giangregorio, Lora; Holbrook, Anne; Pullenayegum, Eleanor; Goldsmith, Charlie H; Thabane, Lehana

    2011-05-01

    It is not uncommon for a participant to withdraw from a randomized controlled trial (RCT). The withdrawal of a participant results in missing data and the potential for withdrawal bias. Data withdrawal, or a request from a participant to withdraw all of their previously collected data from a study, is particularly problematic because it leaves little opportunity to characterize or statistically address those that have withdrawn to minimize withdrawal bias. The aim of this commentary is to (1) provide a synthesis of available information on the ethical and methodological issues related to data withdrawal in RCTs and (2) provide some suggestions on how to minimize the impact of data withdrawal during the execution or analysis phases of an RCT. We searched PubMed, EMBASE and JSTOR for published articles on data withdrawal. In addition, we used internet sources as an additional tool to identify content on data withdrawal from research ethics guidelines, legislation, research ethics boards, funding agencies, professional organizations and researchers. We did not find any definitive guidelines for dealing with data withdrawal. We propose recommendations for minimizing the occurrence of data withdrawal, including explicit and clear descriptions in consent forms of how data will be handled after participant withdrawal. We also suggest using imputation techniques to deal with the missing data during analysis. The current commentary can be used to minimize the impact of data withdrawal in RCTs. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Interpretation of the Zuo Commentary's predictions%《左传》预言发微

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾红莲

    2001-01-01

    预言贯穿《左传》全书,这是其叙事的一大特色。按其预测的依据将预言分为两类,并对其中通过观察人事所作的预言进行重点分析。从中可以看出作者的历史观、伦理道德观和劝善惩恶的史学见解,。这些预言在全书的结构、叙事中也起到了很重要的作用,研究《左传》的文学成就应予重视。%It's one of the features of narrative in the Zuo Commentary thatpredictions run through. This article divides the predictions into two parts according to the basis of prediction, and emphatically analyses the predictions about humanity. From this, we can see the author's view of history and moral principles and his opinions of punishing evil-doers and encouraging people to do good. These predictions have great function on the structure and narrative of the book. We must pay attention to the predictions when we study the literary merits of the Zuo Commentary.

  17. Commentary: a skeptical view of experimental gene therapy to block epileptogenesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dudek, F Edward

    2009-04-01

    Gene therapy offers exciting new options for treating epileptic seizures, and even for blocking the development of epilepsy (i.e., epileptogenesis) after a brain insult. Although the available studies provide interesting new data, the experiments discussed in this issue also have limitations and raise concerns. The criticisms offered in this commentary center around the nature of the experimental testing (e.g., changes in seizure threshold), the animal models (e.g., kindling), and the measures of epileptogenesis in those animal models with spontaneous seizures (e.g., the latent period after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus). Another set of criticisms relate to the relative lack of positive controls showing that the actual mechanism purported to be activated via the gene-therapeutic approach has in fact been upregulated in the specific animals that show the hypothetical antiepileptic result. This commentary takes the con side in the debate, to generate constructive criticism to help direct future studies to provide increasingly stronger data to support the view that gene therapy approaches may be useful in the treatment of epilepsy.

  18. Mending the gap: Introduction to the invited commentaries on Dinger, Strack, Sachsse, and Schauenburg (2009).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samstag, Lisa Wallner

    2009-09-01

    Introduces several commentaries on an article by U. Dinger et al (see record 200913603-002) entitled "Therapists' attachment, patients' interpersonal problems and alliance development over time in inpatient psychotherapy." This article represents an ambitious effort on the part of the researchers to map a number of interrelated relational variables, over the course of treatment, in a relatively understudied patient population. "Attachment," "interpersonal problems," and "alliance" are variables that capture core components of the therapeutic relationship and psychotherapy process that have been reliably linked to patient improvement in many previous studies of mostly outpatient psychotherapy. Jeremy Holmes (see record 2009-13603-003) and George Silbershatz (see record 2009-13603-004) were invited to comment on this study while wearing their clinical hats. They were asked about how they made sense of the research results as practicing psychotherapists, the ways in which the findings were useful to them as clinicians, and where they considered the research to be of more limited value from a clinical point of view. Following the commentaries is a final word from the authors of the study (see record 2009-13603-005). It is hoped that this format of dialogue will have an impact on how clinical research is presented in the future. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).

  19. A Response to May's Commentary on "A Look at EMDR: Technique, Research and Use with College Students"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sikes, Victoria; Sikes, Charlotte

    2005-01-01

    The present article is a response to May's (2004) commentary on our original article: "A Look at EMDR: Technique, Research and Use with College Students." May (2004) points out the controversial nature of the research on EMDR, and we agree. We continue to hold, however, that EMDR is a promising treatment for use in college counseling centers with…

  20. On the Significance of Conceptual Metaphors in Teaching and Learning Science: Commentary on Lancor; Niebert and Gropengiesser; and Fuchs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Treagust, David F.; Duit, Reinders

    2015-01-01

    The role of analogies and metaphors has played a significant part in the work on teaching and learning science. This commentary discusses three papers from this current issue that cover a wide range of studies in the spirit of conceptual metaphors--ranging from a study somewhat similar to "classical" conceptual change, to a teacher…

  1. Commentary on "Childhood Leukemia Survivors and Their Return to School: A Literature Review, Case Study, and Recommendations"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, Ara

    2011-01-01

    This commentary pertains to the article, "Childhood Leukemia Survivors and Their Return to School: A Literature Review, Case Study, and Recommendations" by D. Scott Hermann, Jill R. Thurber, Kenneth Miles, and Gloria Gilbert in this issue (2011) regarding pediatric leukemia. The authors present a literature review regarding leukemia in…

  2. Reframing Equity under Common Core: A Commentary on the Text Exemplar List for Grades 9-12

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schieble, Melissa

    2013-01-01

    This article provides a commentary on the text exemplar list for Grade bands 9-12 included in the Common Core documents in the United States. It is argued that a critical literacy perspective supports ELA teachers to assert a professional voice when making complex text selections based on diverse students' needs and interests. Implications…

  3. War Within Man: A Psychological Enquiry Into The Roots of Destructiveness. A Study and Commentary in the Beyond Deterrence Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fromm, Erich

    The major portion of the essay explores the psychological aspects of war within man and is followed by six different commentaries on Dr. Fromm's work. Divided into three parts, the essay first examines the nature of man to determine the goodness vs. evilness of man. Two basic personality types are identified: The necrophile, a destruction,…

  4. Commentary on "Lessons Learned from Leading an Anger Management Group Using the "Seeing Red" Curriculum in an Elementary School"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoover, Sally

    2010-01-01

    This commentary responds to "Lessons Learned From Leading an Anger Management Group Using the "Seeing Red" Curriculum in an Elementary School," E. L. Sportsman, J. S. Carlson, and K. M. Guthrie's (2010/this issue) account of an anger control intervention's implementation and effectiveness in an elementary school setting. The accompanying article…

  5. When Is It Acceptable to Make Prescriptive Statements in Educational Research Articles? Commentary on the Special Issue Papers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yussen, Steven R.

    2011-01-01

    The commentary considers when it is acceptable to make prescriptive statements in educational research articles. It begins with a consensus view, agreeing with the analysis offered by Marley and Levin (Educational Psychology Review, 2011), that experimental evidence is necessary. Other forms of evidence are considered (e.g., observational,…

  6. Intelligent Testing with Wechsler’s Fourth Editions: Perspectives on the Weiss et al. Studies and the Eight Commentaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, Alan S.

    2013-01-01

    The two featured articles and eight commentaries on the WISC-IV (Wechsler, 2003) and WAIS-IV (Wechsler, 2008) in this special issue of "Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment" are of exceptional quality. As a collective, this special issue greatly advances the field of cognitive assessment by intelligently synthesizing the best of…

  7. Commentary on Baird, J., Andrich, D., Hopfenbeck, T. N. and Stobart, G., "Assessment and Learning: Fields Apart"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scharaschkin, Alex

    2017-01-01

    This issue's featured article, "Assessment and Learning: Fields Apart" (Baird, Andrich, Hopfenbeck, and Stobart 2017) raises issues that are of basic importance for the disciplines of assessment and teaching and learning theory. In this commentary, Alex Scharaschkin restricts his remarks to a few areas. He considers the idea of a…

  8. Commentary on "Aesthetic Experience Explained by the Affect-Space Framework" by E. Schubert, A. C. North, & D. J. Hargreaves

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvira Brattico

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This commentary discusses the paper by Schubert and colleagues in the context of the recent proposals in the field of empirical aesthetics and neuroaesthetics, emphasizing the need for inclusion of the time variable for accounting for the dynamic nature of a musical experience. At the same time, the efforts of the authors for systematizing the concepts in the field are praised.

  9. Response to commentary on “Examples of overlooking common sense solutions: the domestication gene and selection against mortality”.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijma, P.; Muir, W.M.; Ellen, E.D.

    2014-01-01

    In a commentary in Frontiers, Van Rooijen (2014) states: “Today the developments in genetics are exciting. Perhaps this explains why geneticists sometimes seem to overlook common sense solutions. One example of this is the selection experiment done by Bijma et al. (2007a,b). ……As a result their sele

  10. 怎样写出新闻评论的气势%Tips for Vigorous News Commentary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐琼

    2015-01-01

    News commentary should inherit and carry forward the excellent tradition of ancient writing style by increas-ing vigor to improve their readability and infectivity.Vigor is the organic presentation of the news commentary from contents to forms.Combining the contents effectively with forms is the key to vigorous news commentary.To strengthen the vigor of news commentary, effective reasoning method, elaborate structure, and modification of language should be made.%新闻评论要继承和发扬古人的优良写作传统,通过增加论说气势,提高可读性和感染力。气势是评论从内容到形式的有机呈现。有效地将内容外化为形式,用形式为内容服务,是写出评论气势的关键。采用有效的说理方法,精心建构文章结构,注重修饰语言,能够增强新闻评论的气势。

  11. On Conceptual Metaphor and the Flora and Fauna of Mind: Commentary on Brookes and Etkina; and Jeppsson, Haglund, and Amin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherin, Bruce

    2015-01-01

    In this commentary, the author presents his thoughts on two papers appearing in this special issue. The first, "The Importance of Language in Students' Reasoning about Heat in Thermodynamic Processes," by David T. Brookes and Eugenia Etkina (See: EJ1060728), and the second, "Varying Use of Conceptual Metaphors Across Levels of…

  12. An Indigenous Knowledges Perspective on Valid Meaning Making: A Commentary on Research with the EDI and Aboriginal Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sam, Michele A.

    2011-01-01

    Offering an Indigenous perspective, this commentary discusses collaborative research, shared meaning making, and knowledge building specific to child development, and reflects on social, cultural, and historical aspects that influence these processes. Drawing upon experiences of developing a collaborative research approach with which to engage…

  13. The Meaning of Goodness-of-Fit Tests: Commentary on "Goodness-of-Fit Assessment of Item Response Theory Models"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thissen, David

    2013-01-01

    In this commentary, David Thissen states that "Goodness-of-fit assessment for IRT models is maturing; it has come a long way from zero." Thissen then references prior works on "goodness of fit" in the index of Lord and Novick's (1968) classic text; Yen (1984); Drasgow, Levine, Tsien, Williams, and Mead (1995); Chen and…

  14. Commentary on: "Toward Computer-Based Support of Metacognitive Skills: A Computational Framework to Coach Self Explanation"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conati, Cristina

    2016-01-01

    This paper is a commentary on "Toward Computer-Based Support of Meta-Cognitive Skills: a Computational Framework to Coach Self-Explanation", by Cristina Conati and Kurt Vanlehn, published in the "IJAED" in 2000 (Conati and VanLehn 2010). This work was one of the first examples of Intelligent Learning Environments (ILE) that…

  15. Connecting Informal and Formal Learning Experiences in the Age of Participatory Media: Commentary on Bull et al. (2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenhow, Christine

    2008-01-01

    The recent editorial in this journal by Bull et al. ("Connecting Informal and Formal Learning Experiences in the Age of Participatory Media" Vol 8, Iss 2) discussed the challenges of bridging formal learning practices and informal learning opportunities within the context of today's Web-enhanced world. In this commentary, Christine…

  16. Commentary on "Childhood Leukemia Survivors and Their Return to School: A Literature Review, Case Study, and Recommendations"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, Ara

    2011-01-01

    This commentary pertains to the article, "Childhood Leukemia Survivors and Their Return to School: A Literature Review, Case Study, and Recommendations" by D. Scott Hermann, Jill R. Thurber, Kenneth Miles, and Gloria Gilbert in this issue (2011) regarding pediatric leukemia. The authors present a literature review regarding leukemia in childhood,…

  17. Intelligent Testing with Wechsler’s Fourth Editions: Perspectives on the Weiss et al. Studies and the Eight Commentaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, Alan S.

    2013-01-01

    The two featured articles and eight commentaries on the WISC-IV (Wechsler, 2003) and WAIS-IV (Wechsler, 2008) in this special issue of "Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment" are of exceptional quality. As a collective, this special issue greatly advances the field of cognitive assessment by intelligently synthesizing the best of…

  18. From Theory Use to Theory Building in Learning Analytics: A Commentary on "Learning Analytics to Support Teachers during Synchronous CSCL"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Bodong

    2015-01-01

    In this commentary on Van Leeuwen (2015, this issue), I explore the relation between theory and practice in learning analytics. Specifically, I caution against adhering to one specific theoretical doctrine while ignoring others, suggest deeper applications of cognitive load theory to understanding teaching with analytics tools, and comment on…

  19. A Different Curriculum of Preparation for Work: Commentary on Mike Rose, Sara Goldrick-Rab, Kris Gutierrez and Norton Grubb

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worthen, Helena Harlow

    2012-01-01

    The January 2012 issue of "Mind, Culture, and Activity" published the Invited Presidential Address "Rethinking Remedial Education and the Academic-Vocational Divide," given by Mike Rose at the 2011 meeting of the American Educational Research Association in New Orleans, along with responses and commentary by Sara Goldrick-Rab, Kris Gutierrez, and…

  20. Between an oral sermon and a written commentary: a consideration of rabbi Joseph Ben Shoshan’s polemic in his Avot commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilan, Nahem

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Rabbi Joseph ben Shoshan lived in fourteenth-century Toledo. His Hebrew commentary to tractate Avot has rarely been studied, but there is solid evidence for it stemming, at least in part, from oral sermons. This paper identifies the evidence, analyzes it, and focuses specifically on several of his polemics with the “would-be philosophers”. This term refers to the antinomian neo-Platonists, whose stance threatened not only the leadership and authority of the Jewish community, but its very existence. The article employs a multi-disciplinary interpretation of the text –linguistic, literary and ideological– situating it in its historical context.El rabino Yosef ben Shoshan vivió en Toledo en el siglo XIV. Su comentario en hebreo sobre el tratado Avot apenas ha sido estudiado. Sin embargo, existen evidencias sólidas que apuntan a su derivación, al menos parcial, de sermones orales. Este artículo identifica y analiza dichas evidencias, centrándose, sobre todo, en su polémica con los “llamados filósofos”. Este término alude a los neoplatonistas antinomianos, cuya postura no solo amenazaba el liderazgo y la autoridad de la comunidad judía, sino su propia supervivencia. El presente trabajo se basa en una lectura multidisciplinaria del texto –lingüística, literaria e ideológica–, insertándolo en su contexto histórico.

  1. CHARMe Commentary metadata for Climate Science: collecting, linking and sharing user feedback on climate datasets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blower, Jon; Lawrence, Bryan; Kershaw, Philip; Nagni, Maurizio

    2014-05-01

    The research process can be thought of as an iterative activity, initiated based on prior domain knowledge, as well on a number of external inputs, and producing a range of outputs including datasets, studies and peer reviewed publications. These outputs may describe the problem under study, the methodology used, the results obtained, etc. In any new publication, the author may cite or comment other papers or datasets in order to support their research hypothesis. However, as their work progresses, the researcher may draw from many other latent channels of information. These could include for example, a private conversation following a lecture or during a social dinner; an opinion expressed concerning some significant event such as an earthquake or for example a satellite failure. In addition, other sources of information of grey literature are important public such as informal papers such as the arxiv deposit, reports and studies. The climate science community is not an exception to this pattern; the CHARMe project, funded under the European FP7 framework, is developing an online system for collecting and sharing user feedback on climate datasets. This is to help users judge how suitable such climate data are for an intended application. The user feedback could be comments about assessments, citations, or provenance of the dataset, or other information such as descriptions of uncertainty or data quality. We define this as a distinct category of metadata called Commentary or C-metadata. We link C-metadata with target climate datasets using a Linked Data approach via the Open Annotation data model. In the context of Linked Data, C-metadata plays the role of a resource which, depending on its nature, may be accessed as simple text or as more structured content. The project is implementing a range of software tools to create, search or visualize C-metadata including a JavaScript plugin enabling this functionality to be integrated in situ with data provider portals

  2. Forum Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanno, Yasuko

    2014-01-01

    Social class has been underresearched in the field of applied linguistics. The central goal of this forum was to stimulate more conversation about social class as it impacts language learning and teaching. In this article, I comment on 3 salient themes that have emerged in the 5 articles: (1) agency and structure in language learning and teaching,…

  3. Invited commentary

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baker, Jennifer Lyn

    2012-01-01

    Mothers and fathers influence the risk of obesity in their children through genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors. Unique to the mother, however, is the intrauterine environment in which the fetus develops, and it is during this time in the uterus that the risk of later obesity...... in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) and offspring BMI at 3 years of age with the paternal-offspring association at the same age in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. In that large study of stable, relatively healthy and well-educated families, significant differences in maternal...

  4. Commentary (Pre-Trial Detention in the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia )

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marchuk, Iryna

    2015-01-01

    Most international criminal courts and tribunals find provisional detention absolutely necessary to ensure the swift delivery of justice. A decision on pre-trial detention must be in conformity with well-recognized human rights standards, thus respecting the person’s right to a fair trial...... and upholding the presumption of evidence. Although the general assumption in criminal law is that pre-trial detention is the exception and not the rule, a number of factors, such as the gravity of the crimes, as well as heightened flight risk of the accused, appear to have reversed the test employed...... in international criminal courts and tribunals. To date, all provisional detention orders against former members of the inner circle of Pol Pot, except for one, have been re-affirmed on appeal in the ECCC. This commentary appraises the ECCC case law on pre-trial detention from the standpoint of its conformity...

  5. A commentary on studies presenting projections of the future prevalence of dementia

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    Norton Sam

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Population ageing over the first half of this century is likely to lead to dramatic increases in the prevalence of dementia. This will affect all regions of the world, but particularly developing regions. Dementia projections have been used extensively to support policy. It is therefore important these projections are as accurate as possible. Discussion In this paper we provide a commentary on studies projecting the future prevalence of dementia for the world or for individual continents. We identify some important limitations of the methods used in published projections and provide recommendations to improve the accuracy of future projections, and allow for the checking of the accuracy of the predictions. Summary Accurate projections of dementia incidence, at both the global and local level, are essential for healthcare planners.

  6. Teaching the Rorschach and learning psychodiagnostic testing: a commentary on Hilsenroth and Handler (1995).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silverstein, M L

    1996-04-01

    A recent report by Hilsenroth and Handler (1995) surveyed graduate students' impressions of their predoctoral-level training on the Rorschach method. My commentary underscores two central points from their article: (a) the problem of program specialization in a crowded curriculum, and (b) students' indication of a need for more secure grounding in personality theory and clinical diagnosis. The focus of these remarks concerns current trends in clinical psychology education, their implications for training in psychological assessment, establishing a reasonable upper limit of solid competence for achieving a journeyman level of ability, and some considerations about a suitable role for continuing education workshops. A sharp distinction between filing in gaps in knowledge and compensating for fundamental deficiencies is emphasized in this context.

  7. Blood, Stress, and Fears: Public Discourse about Polycystic Ovary Syndrome as Metamedical Commentary on Globalizing India

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pathak, Gauri Sanjeev

    of the social body and the body politic. In the struggle to establish referential worlds in the midst of rapid, widespread change—as has been occurring in India since economic liberalization—menstruation is therefore an obvious focus. Media accounts and medical practitioners have noted a recent rise......In India, menstrual cycles have always been a matter of concern. Conventionally, a menstruating woman was deemed impure, and her actions could endanger the ritual purity of the household. Menstruation is also important to indigenous Indian frameworks of health, which deem regularity in bodily...... in menstrual disorders such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in urban India and attribute it to “Westernization,” modernization, stress, and lifestyle changes following on the heels of economic liberalization. Discourse about the syndrome has thus opened up a space for commentary indexing anxieties about...

  8. Peter of Spain's handling of authorities in his commentary on the Isagoge of Johannitius.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Asua, M

    2000-01-01

    The dicta from medical and philosophical authorities appearing in commentaries on the Isagoge of Johannitius may be classified according to the different roles they play in the exposition of the text. This paper establishes that the opinions of the philosophical and medico-philosophical authorities were used more frequently as the consituent elements of inferences, whereas the dicta of purely medical authorities were quoted straightforwardly as sententiae. An exception to this is Peter of Spain who does not follow any hierarchical organization of authorities; instead, he freely quotes Aristotle in opposition to the physicians as well as in support of them. These observations are explained with specific reference to Peter's ideas on the relationsip between medicine and philosophy.

  9. A commentary on the role of molecular technology and automation in clinical diagnostics

    Science.gov (United States)

    O’Connor, Ciara; Fitzgibbon, Marie; Powell, James; Barron, Denis; O’Mahony, Jim; Power, Lorraine; O’Connell, Nuala H; Dunne, Colum

    2014-01-01

    Historically, the identification of bacterial or yeast isolates has been based on phenotypic characteristics such as growth on defined media, colony morphology, Gram stain, and various biochemical reactions, with significant delay in diagnosis. Clinical microbiology as a medical specialty has embraced advances in molecular technology for rapid species identification with broad-range 16S rDNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and matrix-assisted laser desorption and/or ionization time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry demonstrated as accurate, rapid, and cost-effective methods for the identification of most, but not all, bacteria and yeasts. Protracted conventional incubation times previously necessary to identify certain species have been mitigated, affording patients quicker diagnosis with associated reduction in exposure to empiric broad-spectrum antimicrobial therapy and shortened hospital stay. This short commentary details such molecular advances and their implications in the clinical microbiology setting. PMID:24658184

  10. Commentary: New Directions in Developmentally Informed Intervention Research for Vulnerable Populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshikawa, Hirokazu; Whipps, Mackenzie D M; Rojas, Natalia M

    2017-03-01

    This special section of Child Development brings together experts in developmental science and intervention research to incorporate current evidence on resilience for vulnerable populations and give concrete suggestions for action and research. This commentary synthesizes the contributions of the articles, noting themes such as simultaneous attention to multiple risk, protective, and promotive processes; integrating new principles from clinical and therapeutic interventions; and adapting intervention approaches for new populations. It then describes additional directions for interventions to maximize resilience, including approaches that address social psychological processes, issues related to demographic and other forms of diversity, policy-related individual behaviors, and sequenced interventions across the life span. It also gives suggestions for integrating implementation science on expansion and scale with behavioral intervention science. © 2017 The Authors. Child Development © 2017 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.

  11. Commentary on Fiester's "Ill-placed democracy: ethics consultations and the moral status of voting".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubler, Nancy Neveloff

    2011-01-01

    Autumn Fiester identifies an important element in clinical ethics consultation (CEC) that she labels, from the Greek, aporia, "state of perplexity," evidenced in CEC as ethical ambiguity. Fiester argues that the inherent difficulties of cases so characterized render them inappropriate for voting and more amenable to mediation and the search for consensus. This commentary supports Fiester's analysis and adds additional reasons for rejecting voting as a process for resolving disputes in CEC including: it distorts the analysis by empowering individual voters preferences and biases rather than focusing on the interests and wishes of the patient and family; it offers an insufficiently sensitive model for resolving the awesome, nuanced, conflicted, and ethically complex issues surrounding life and death; it marginalizes minority opinions that may have moral validity.

  12. Commentary on Joffe (1996) AIDS research and prevention: a social representation approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fife-Schaw, C

    1997-03-01

    Hélène Joffe's (1996) article provides us with a well-presented argument detailing the failings of Knowledge, Attitude, Belief and Practice (KABP) approaches in the domain of AIDS/HIV prevention behaviours and argues that the Theory of Social Representations (Moscovici, 1984) offers a useful alternative perspective. In this commentary I would like to expand on some of the issues she raises and to counter-argue that the case for adopting social representations theory as an alternative to KABP approaches has yet to be made convincingly. To do this I will first consider the problems surrounding traditional KABP approaches, then discuss social representations theory as an alternative and consider alternatives on the way.

  13. From mirror-touch synesthesia to models of vicarious experience: A reply to commentaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Jamie; Banissy, Michael J

    2017-10-01

    In this reply to the eight commentaries to our article, we discuss three important challenges. First, we discuss the relationship of mirror-touch to other forms of synesthesia. We note that synesthetic experiences are generally not mistaken as veridical but this does not mean that they lack percept-like qualities. We acknowledge that neither Threshold Theory nor Self-Other Theory offer a direct account of other forms of synesthesia, although we discuss how the latter could. Second, we discuss alternative explanations. Notably predictive coding offers a different way of framing our current theory, and extending it to related phenomena. Finally, we discuss how mirror-touch synesthesia may relate to other atypical experiences of body ownership such as the rubber hand illusion, and somatoparaphrenia.

  14. Physical therapy guideline for children with malnutrition in low income countries: clinical commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekele, Abey; Janakiraman, Balamurugan

    2016-01-01

    Physical therapy intervention along with nutritional rehabilitation has recently become an inevitable combo after recent evidences suggesting a strong interaction between malnutrition and neuro-muscular disabilities which contribute to a significant burden in global settings. Recent studies confirm that appropriate physical assessment of neuro-musculo skeletal system, developmental assessment or cognitive tools along with nutritional assessments followed by exercise rehabilitation will yield positive results in children with malnutrition. There is an obvious need to make available a simple physical therapy exercise guidelines with simple measure and exercise to be used in resource limited settings of developing countries. The purpose of this clinical commentary is to summarize simple assessment tools to evaluate activity impairment, participation restriction, gross motor activity and simple physical therapy intervention program for children with disability secondary to malnutrition. PMID:27656622

  15. Commentary on two classroom observation systems: moving toward a shared understanding of effective teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connor, Carol McDonald

    2013-12-01

    In this commentary, I make five points: that designing observation systems that actually predict students' outcomes is challenging; second that systems that capture the complex and dynamic nature of the classroom learning environment are more likely to be able to meet this challenge; three, that observation tools are most useful when developed to serve a particular purpose and are put to that purpose; four that technology can help; and five, there are policy implications for valid and reliable classroom observation tools. The two observation systems presented in this special issue represent an important step forward and a move toward policy that promises to make a true difference in what is defined as high quality and effective teaching, what it looks like in the classroom, and how these practices can be more widely disseminated so that all children, including those attending under-resourced schools, can experience effective instruction, academic success and the lifelong accomplishment that follows.

  16. Foreseeing fates: a commentary on Manton (1928) 'On the embryology of a mysid crustacean, Hemimysis lamornae'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akam, Michael

    2015-04-19

    Sidnie Manton became best known for her work on arthropod locomotion, and for proposing radical views on the evolution of arthropods that were accepted for a generation. However, her early training was as an embryologist, and the work that she carried out at the beginning of her career still stands as one of the major twentieth century contributions to the study of crustacean embryology. Here, I review her first major paper, largely completed while she was a graduate student, describing embryonic development in Hemimysis lamornae, a small shrimp-like animal found in the seas around the UK. The clarity of her writing and the quality of her figures set a standard that laid the basis for subsequent work, and although not all of her conclusions have stood the test of time, they remain a standard reference for work today. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

  17. Commentary on "Rehabilitation Outcomes Associated With Foreign Domestic Workers as Caregivers".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Frances M; Kao, Solon T

    2017-09-01

    The purpose of this commentary is to illuminate the role of foreign domestic workers (FDW) as caregivers for patients undergoing rehabilitation in Asia. The authors of a published study in this issue of the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation investigate the association between the characteristics of caregivers for patients recovering from sub-acute stroke and the rehabilitation outcomes of those patients in Singapore. The investigators examined over 4,000 caregivers and one of the findings showed that after controlling for characteristics of both caregivers and patients, there was a significant and negative association between having an FDW as a caregiver, compared to a spouse, and patient rehabilitation effectiveness. The inclusion of FDW's in this study is an important and understudied group of caregivers in the role of patient rehabilitation that is relatively new to the US, but common in other parts of the world. Copyright © 2017 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Poetic justice: A commentary on Joseph B. McCaffrey's "The brain’s heterogeneous landscape"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Witold Hensel

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper is a commentary on McCaffrey (2015. I begin by arguing that the two views on brain pluripotency that McCaffrey intends to reconcile, namely those of Price and Friston (2005 and Klein (2012, are not really in conflict. The alleged disagreement between them stems from two interpretative failures: first on the part of Klein, who has misrepresented the views of Price and Friston, and second on the part of McCaffrey, who has misconstrued Klein’s position. I then take issue with McCaffrey’s claim that each of the structurefunction mapping strategies he discusses allows researchers to discover a different kind of pluripotency: (1 where each subregion of a pluripotent brain area performs a specific function, (2 where a brain area performs a single function in multiple mechanisms (networks, and (3 where a brain area performs multiple functions in multiple mechanisms (networks.

  19. Procedures for the ethical review of public health surveillance protocols. Commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrini, Carlo

    2014-01-01

    The present commentary is based on the following considerations: 1) for the purposes of authorisation, a distinction is drawn between "research" and "intervention". The procedures for authorising the former are more complex, the relevant controls are stricter and approval has to be granted by a Research Ethics Committee (REC); 2) although the debate is still open, it is barely credible to claim that public health surveillance is not a form of research. It should, therefore, be subject to rigorous ethical assessment; 3) when addressing specifically the issue of surveillance, it would be appropriate to shift the focus of attention from the type of procedure (research/intervention) to the risk implied in that procedure; 4) much emphasis has hitherto been placed on the risks that public health surveillance may imply for the protection of personal data; 5) the emphasis on the protection of personal data is frequently excessive and the risks should be examined in a broader context.

  20. Tocilizumab and multiple sclerosis: a causal relationship? Clinical Commentary on the case report entitled--MS arising during Tocilizumab therapy for rheumatoid arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comabella, Manuel

    2016-02-01

    This clinical commentary discusses on the potential relationship between multiple sclerosis (MS) and tocilizumab in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis who developed MS while on treatment with this anti-interleukin-6 agent.

  1. Fair Trade Facts and Figures 2010: A Success Story for Producers and Consumers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Boonman (Mark); W. Huisman (Wendela); E. Sarrucco-Fedorovtsjev (Elmy); T. Sarrucco (Terya)

    2011-01-01

    markdownabstractCommentary on the report by Carol Wills (the full commentary is offered as a separate download ...) “Handicraft is the trade of the poor. They don’t have land to produce food” Joan Karanja, Director of Cooperation for Fair Trade in Africa (COFTA) “That is the little difference

  2. Reviewer Commentary: # Blended Learning and Sense of Community: A Comparative Analysis with Traditional and Fully Online Graduate Courses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Eastmond

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Let me begin by saying that this article was a pleasure to review. It was well-written, well-researched, and makes an important contribution to our field. I have organized my commentary into three areas: (1 response to the article itself; (2 reflection upon my own relevant experiences; and (3 a perspective from a virtual university that does not offer blended learning.

  3. A role of genomic copy number variation in the complex behavioral phenotype of alcohol dependence: a commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urban, Alexander E

    2012-09-01

    In their paper "Copy number variations in 6q14.1 and 5q13.2 are associated with alcohol dependence" Lin and colleagues report on the association between alcohol dependence and 2 duplication CNVs in the genome sequence, one containing 8 genes within its boundaries and another that contains no genes. In this commentary, I point out some of the opportunities and challenges that arise from such a finding.

  4. Commentary on "The Happy Xylophone: Acoustics Affordances Restrict An Emotional Palate" by Michael Schutz, David Huron, Kristopher Keeton, & Greg Loewer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zohar Eitan

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available In this commentary, I raise several issues of method and presentation and suggest a number of follow-up experiments associated with some of these issues. Broad suggestions are also made (or rather preached: the need to deal empirically with musical emotions subtler than the oft-investigated basic emotions, and the role that interactions between musical variables may play in shaping subtle musical expression, as exemplified by some well-known xylophone soli from the orchestral repertory.

  5. Anàlisi i classificació dels jocs de la infància de Joan Amades en funció de la seva lògica interna i del gènere dels practicants (1674-1947

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordi Brasó-Rius

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available En aquest treball es proposa una anàlisi històrica dels jocs motors a Espanya entre el 1674 i el 1947. L’objecte d’estudi és l’auca Jochs d’Infanteça de 1674, que Joan Amades va recollir el 1947 a l’Auca dels Jocs de la Mainada. L’estudi se centra en el simbolisme d’aquestes pràctiques, en la seva caracterització social, en les relacions de gènere i a presentar la seva lògica interna motriu. Aquesta aportació tracta de les característiques motrius i socials d’aquests jocs en el període analitzat i, a més, revisa les funcions i els rols dels participants en cadascuna d’aquestes pràctiques. La metodologia ha partit d’una revisió bibliogràfica de les fonts originals de l’època (1674-1947, que, amb el suport d’altres estudis actuals, ha servit per contextualitzar el marc teòric. En l’apartat dels resultats s’ha elaborat una taxonomia dels jocs de l’auca i, a partir d’aquesta, s’han estudiat dos aspectes concrets: la lògica interna i el gènere predominant d’aquestes pràctiques lúdiques. Tot aquest procés ha permès detallar els valors simbòlics dels jocs i les seves característiques motrius. Finalment, l’estudi palesa les diferències de gènere en l’evolució de les pràctiques lúdiques, que, tot i la seva disminució en la idealització del model coeducatiu actual, encara es fan evidents.

  6. Are the Endocrine Society's Clinical Practice Guidelines on Androgen Therapy in Women misguided? A commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traish, Abdulmaged; Guay, Andre T; Spark, Richard F

    2007-09-01

    The Endocrine Society Clinical Guidelines on Androgen Therapy in Women (henceforth referred to as the Guidelines) do not necessarily represent the opinion held by the many health-care professionals and clinicians who are specialized in the evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment of women's health in androgen insufficiency states. The recommendations provided in the published Guidelines are neither accurate nor complete. We disagree with the therapeutic nihilism promoted by these Guidelines. The members of the Guidelines Panel (henceforth referred to as the Panel), in their own disclaimer, stated that the Guidelines do not establish a standard of care. Based on data available in the contemporary literature, on the role of androgens in women's health, we provide in this commentary a point-by-point discussion of the arguments made by the Panel in arriving at their recommendations. It is our view that the Guidelines are not based on the preponderance of scientific evidence. Health-care professionals, physicians, and scientists often disagree when determining how best to address and manage new and emerging clinical issues. This is where we stand now as we endeavor to understand the role of androgens in a woman's health and welfare. Indeed, some basic facts are not in contention. All agree that dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) production from the adrenal gland begins during the preteen years, peaks in the mid 20s, then declines progressively over time. In contrast, ovarian androgen (i.e., testosterone) secretion commences at puberty, is sustained during a woman's peak reproductive years and declines as a woman ages, with a more rapid and steep decrease after surgical menopause. However, there are ample data to suggest that adrenal androgens play a role in the development of axillary and pubic hair, and that testosterone is critical for women's libido and sexual function. We take this opportunity to invite members of the Panel on Androgen Therapy in Women to discuss

  7. Troubling fragments and small stories: an analysis of public commentary on nursing through a web blog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchinson, Marie; Jackson, Debra

    2014-01-01

    In recent years the media in the United Kingdom has engaged in intense debate on standards of nursing care in the National Health Service (NHS). Much of the public engagement with this debate has been carried out through social media, including blogs and micro blogs. In this manuscript we analyse a single episode of public commentary appearing on a web blog about standards of nursing in the NHS. The blog entries featured brief stories and fragments of stories about care experiences, and perceptions of nursing care. Content analysis of the published narratives identified a troubling undercurrent of indifference experienced by patients, clients and their families. These stories represent a counter narrative to contemporary grand narratives of nursing, and as such, they sit on the outer edges of contemporary professional discourse. Increasing use of social media such as web blogs provides patients and carers with a public forum for comment that makes failures (or perceived failures) more visible to more people. Web blogs provide an important new mechanism through which patients and carers can have a voice about their own experiences of nursing care, and wider health care.

  8. A commentary on the implications of medication prescription rights for the chiropractic profession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emary, Peter C; Houweling, Taco A W; Wangler, Martin; Burnie, Stephen J; Hood, Katherine J; Erwin, W Mark

    2016-01-01

    There is a growing desire within the chiropractic profession to expand the scope of practice to include limited medication prescription rights for the treatment of spine-related and other musculoskeletal conditions. Such prescribing rights have been successfully incorporated into a number of chiropractic jurisdictions worldwide. If limited to a musculoskeletal scope, medication prescription rights have the potential to change the present role of chiropractors within the healthcare system by paving the way for practitioners to become comprehensive specialists in the conservative management of spine / musculoskeletal disorders. However, if the chiropractic profession wishes to lobby to expand the scope of practice to include limited prescriptive authority, several issues must first be addressed. These would include changes to chiropractic education and legislation, as well as consideration of how such privileges could impact the chiropractic profession on a more theoretical basis. In this commentary, we examine the arguments in favour of and against limited medication prescription rights for chiropractors and discuss the implications of such privileges for the profession.

  9. Commentary on the special issue on the adolescent brain: Adolescence, trajectories, and the importance of prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-01

    Adolescence as highlighted in this special issue is a period of tremendous growth, synaptic exuberance, and plasticity, but also a period for the emergence of mental illness and addiction. This commentary aims to stimulate research on prevention science to reduce the impact of early life events that often manifest during adolescence. By promoting a better understanding of what creates a normal and abnormal trajectory, the reviews by van Duijvenvoorde et al., Kilford et al., Lichenstein et al., and Tottenham and Galvan in this special issue comprehensively describe how the adolescent brain develops under typical conditions and how this process can go awry in humans. Preclinical reviews also within this issue describe how adolescents have prolonged extinction periods to maximize learning about their environment (Baker et al.), whereas Schulz and Sisk focus on the importance of puberty and how it interacts with stress (Romeo). Caballero and Tseng then set the stage of describing the neural circuitry that is often central to these changes and psychopathology. Factors that affect the mis-wiring of the brain for illness, including prenatal exposure to anti-mitotic agents (Gomes et al.) and early life stress and inflammation (Schwarz and Brenhouse), are included as examples of how exposure to early adversity manifests. These reviews are synthesized and show how information from the maturational stages that precede or occur during adolescence is likely to hold the key towards optimizing development to produce an adolescent and adult that is resilient and well adapted to their environment. PMID:27423540

  10. Mechanism-based classification of pain for physical therapy management in palliative care: A clinical commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Senthil P Kumar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Pain relief is a major goal for palliative care in India so much that most palliative care interventions necessarily begin first with pain relief. Physical therapists play an important role in palliative care and they are regarded as highly proficient members of a multidisciplinary healthcare team towards management of chronic pain. Pain necessarily involves three different levels of classification-based upon pain symptoms, pain mechanisms and pain syndromes. Mechanism-based treatments are most likely to succeed compared to symptomatic treatments or diagnosis-based treatments. The objective of this clinical commentary is to update the physical therapists working in palliative care, on the mechanism-based classification of pain and its interpretation, with available therapeutic evidence for providing optimal patient care using physical therapy. The paper describes the evolution of mechanism-based classification of pain, the five mechanisms (central sensitization, peripheral neuropathic, nociceptive, sympathetically maintained pain and cognitive-affective are explained with recent evidence for physical therapy treatments for each of the mechanisms.

  11. Preserving knee function following osteoarthritis diagnosis: a sustainability theory and social ecology clinical commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nyland, J; Wera, J; Henzman, C; Miller, T; Jakob, R; Caborn, D N M

    2015-02-01

    To sustain natural systems, there must be an ongoing balance between environmental, social, and economic considerations. A key element of sustainability theory is to identify the most vulnerable surroundings. The most vulnerable knee tissue is the articular cartilage as it is the last line of osteoarthritis (OA) defense. This tissue has a poor capacity for healing. Based on sustainability theory and social ecology concepts we propose that several key factors contribute to knee function preservation. Factors include health history, genetic predisposition, personal behaviors, and socio-environmental factors in addition to local-regional-global physiological system function. Addressing only some of these factors or any one factor in isolation may lead to less than optimal treatment effectiveness. The purpose of this commentary is to introduce a medical, surgical and rehabilitation management approach for patients with knee OA that considers more than physical function improvement. This approach also considers social, emotional, and environmental factors to better ensure patient satisfaction, fulfilled expectations and successful outcomes. A clinical care pathway is presented for a 57-year-old patient with medial compartment knee OA who is contemplating early arthroplasty versus a knee function preservation treatment approach. Early arthroplasty refers to high revision likelihood based on a minimum 15 year prosthesis life-expectancy.

  12. An historical commentary on the physiological effects of music: Tomatis, Mozart and neuropsychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, B M; Andrews, S R

    2000-01-01

    This article provides an overview of the theoretical underpinnings of the Tomatis Method, along with a commentary on other forms of sound/music training and the need for research. A public debate was sparked over the "Mozart Effect." This debate has turned out to be unfortunate because the real story is being missed. The real story starts with Alfred Tomatis, M.D., scientist and innovator. Dr. Tomatis was the first to develop a technique using modified music to stimulate the rich interconnections between the ear and the nervous system to integrate aspects of human development and behavior. The originating theories behind the Tomatis Method are reviewed to describe the ear's clear connection to the brain and the nervous system. The "neuropsychology of sound training" describes how and what the Tomatis Method effects. Since Dr. Tomatis opened this field in the mid 20th century, no fewer than a dozen offshoot and related systems of training have been developed. Though each new system of treatment makes claims of effectiveness, no research exists to substantiate their claims. Rather, each simplified system bases its "right to exist and advertise" on the claimed relationship to Tomatis and his complex Method. Research is desperately needed in this area. The 50 years of clinical experience and anecdotal evidence amassed by Tomatis show that sound stimulation can provide a valuable remediation and developmental training tool for people of all ages. Offshoot systems have watered down the Tomatis Method without research to guide the decisions of simplifying the techniques and equipment.

  13. Communication about DTC testing: commentary on a 'family experience of personal genomics'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Middleton, Anna

    2012-06-01

    This paper provides a commentary on 'Family Experience of Personal Genomics' (Corpas 2012). An overview is offered on the communication literature available to help support individuals and families to communicate about genetic information. Despite there being a wealth of evidence, built on years of genetic counseling practice, this does not appear to have been translated clearly to the Direct to Consumer (DTC) testing market. In many countries it is possible to order a DTC genetic test without the involvement of any health professional; there has been heated debate about whether this is appropriate or not. Much of the focus surrounding this has been on whether it is necessary to have a health professional available to offer their clinical knowledge and help with interpreting the DTC genetic test data. What has been missed from this debate is the importance of enabling customers of DTC testing services access to the abundance of information about how to communicate their genetic risks to others, including immediate family. Family communication about health and indeed genetics can be fraught with difficulty. Genetic health professionals, specifically genetic counselors, have particular expertise in family communication about genetics. Such information could be incredibly useful to kinships as they grapple with knowing how to communicate their genomic information with relatives.

  14. Commentary: what role should physician organizations play in addressing social justice issues?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bright, Cedric M

    2012-06-01

    A study by Peek and colleagues in this issue reveals that although racial and ethnic health disparities are recognized as a major national challenge, few physician organizations with both the influence and ability to change practice standards and address disparities appear to be effectively directing their resources to mitigate health disparities. In this commentary, the author examines the history of U.S. health disparities through the lens of social justice. He argues that today, physician organizations have the opportunity to change the paradigm of medicine from being a reactive industry to becoming a proactive industry through collaborations such as the Commission to End Health Disparities, which brings together more than 60 organizations, and the National Medical Association's "We Stand With You" program to improve health and combat disparities. Physician organizations can also address health disparities through advocacy for fair reimbursement policies, funding for pipeline programs to increase the diversity of the workforce, diversity in clinical trials, and other issues. Health disparities present to us in organized medicine a challenge that is cleverly disguised as an immovable object but that is truly a great opportunity for innovation, improvement, and growth. Physician organizations have a unique opportunity to provide avenues of innovation and accomplishment.

  15. Commentary: the mental status examination in the age of the internet--challenges and opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metzner, Jeffrey L; Ash, Peter

    2010-01-01

    In her Presidential address, Dr. Recupero shows us how the Internet and changes in electronic communications have affected the forensic evaluation process in multiple ways. These developments provide the forensic psychiatrist with new tools and new sources of information, and their novelty brings about new challenges and opportunities. This commentary focuses on the use of information and communication technology (ICT) for purposes of obtaining collateral information in addition to a sample of other likely uses of ICT in the practice of forensic psychiatry. Collateral information from electronic communications such as e-mails, web postings, texting, and social networking sites provides useful data but also raises challenges in interpretation. Digital information about the expert can be used by cross-examining attorneys. Electronic tools can help the forensic psychiatrist to be more efficient. Correctional systems have a great deal to gain by adopting more efficient information systems. Continuing evolution of these technologies assures that we can expect more rapid change in these areas in the future.

  16. Global Health as a Field of Power Relations: A Response to Recent Commentaries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy Shiffman

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Actors working in global health often portray it as an enterprise grounded in principled concerns, advanced by individuals and organizations who draw on scientific evidence to pursue health equity. This portrait is incomplete. It is also a field of power relations—a social arena in which actors claim and draw on expertise and moral authority to gain influence and pursue career, organizational and national interests. A clear understanding of how power operates in this field is necessary to ensure that it is used productively to serve the aims of health equity and improved population health. Responding to commentaries on an editorial published in this journal, I offer 3 ideas toward this end: (1 be skeptical of the global health rationality project—the effort to rescue the field from the alleged indignities of politics through the application of scientific methods; (2 analyze global health as a field of power relations, a concept developed by sociologist Pierre Bourdieu; and (3 elevate the place of input legitimacy—inclusive deliberation, fair process and transparency—to address legitimacy and knowledge deficits in this field.

  17. An Analysis of the Qualitative Characteristics of Management Commentary Reporting by New Zealand Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bikram Chatterjee

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The narrative section of annual reports has considerable value to its user groups, such as financial analysts and investors (Barlett & Chandler 1997; International Accounting Standards Board (IASB 2006; Tiexiera 2004. This narrative section including chirpersons’/presidents’ statement contains twice the quantity ofinformation than the financial statements section (Smith & Taffler 2000. However, the abundance of information does not necessarily enhance the quality of such information (IASB 2006. This issue ofqualitative characteristics has been long foregone by researchers. This issue has attracted the attention of IASB (2006. Following the dearth in research in regard to qualitative characteristics of reporting this paper explores whether investors’ required qualitative characteristics as outlined by the IASB (2006 have beensatisfied in the management commentary section of New Zealand companies’ annual reports. Our result suggests that the principal stakeholders’, that is, investors’ qualitative characteristics requirements have been partially met in this section of annual reports. The qualitative characteristic of ‘relevance’ and ‘supportability’ have been satisfied in more annual reports compared to that of ‘balance’ and ‘comparability’.

  18. Activity Theory: Quest for the Unattainable and Hope for the Future (Reply to Commentaries).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mironenko, Irina A

    2016-09-01

    In reference to commentaries on the paper (Mammen and Mironenko, Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science 49(4):681-713, 2015) some clarifications are introduced concerning the general landmarks and objectives in the development of psychological science, in respect to which activity theories (AT) can be assessed and evaluated. Contemporary psychological science is developing along the path of integration, as part of the emerging global world. AT has some special value and importance in this respect. It can contribute to the development of the emerging multi-paradigmatic system of the global psychological science because it combines two aspirations, which are rarely combined in psychological theories: a) consistent focus on scientific method, objectivity and conclusiveness; b) the pursuit of a holistic and complete, not simplified and not one-sided comprehension of the subject. The former provides good bases for dialogue with "objective" psychological approaches, close to natural sciences. The latter is suggesting dialogue with teleological humanitarian psychologies. Therefore, AT can engage in networking with a wide range of theories, facilitating the integration of psychological knowledge. It can contribute to resolve the much discussed collision of reductionist "scientific" theoretical models and loose "comprehensive" descriptions in contemporary psychological science. Developing dialogue and cooperation with other schools is of special importance for the RAT, which should return to the international science, where it was rooted, overcoming the language and conceptual barriers. Some new considerations are suggested regarding the theory of the two types of categories of Jens Mammen.

  19. Commentary on Delis and Wetter, "Cogniform disorder and cogniform condition: proposed diagnoses for excessive cognitive symptoms".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larrabee, Glenn J

    2007-08-01

    This commentary discusses the criteria proposed by Delis and Wetter [Delis, D. C., & Wetter, S. R. (2007). Cogniform disorder and cogniform condition: proposed diagnoses for excessive cognitive symptoms. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 22, 589-604] for diagnosis of Cogniform Disorder and Cogniform Condition. These criteria are intended to establish a new category of somatoform disorder, that is specific to cognitive complaints and/or neuropsychological dysfunction that are either atypical or excessive for bona fide neurological, psychiatric or medical conditions, and that are not the product of malingering. The Cogniform criteria are considered in relation to the criteria for Malingered Neurocognitive Dysfunction (MND) proposed by Slick et al. [Slick, D. J., Sherman, E. M. S., & Iverson, G. L. (1999). Diagnostic criteria for malingered neurocognitive dysfunction: Proposed standards for clinical practice and research. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 13, 545-561], with discussion of issues relative to establishing intent for diagnoses of definite and probable MND. Chronic post-concussion syndrome is considered as a specific example of a Cogniform Disorder or Condition.

  20. Pattern and Variation in the Timing of Aksak Meter: Commentary on Goldberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rainer Polak

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Daniel Goldberg (2015, this issue explores relations between timing variations, grouping structure, and musical form in the percussive accompaniment of Balkan folk dance music. A chronometric re-analysis of one of the target article’s two audio samples finds a regular metric timing pattern to consistently underlie the variations Goldberg uncovered. Read together, the target article and this commentary demonstrate the complex interplay of a regular timing pattern with several levels of nuanced variation to be performed with fluency, flexibility, and accuracy. This might appear commonplace, but here it is observed in the context of an asymmetric rhythmic mode, non-isochronous beat sequence, and asymmetric metric hierarchy. This context evidently does not represent a constraint of any sort in respect to the rhythmic timing performance, which casts doubts on the deep-seated assumption that metric regularity depends on iso-periodicity and vertical symmetry. This assumption is sometimes explicitly and often implicitly taken as universal; this comment suggests that, on the contrary, it might well be culturally biased.

  1. COMMENTARY: THE PROMISE OF DIGITAL SCHOLARSHIP IN SLA RESEARCH AND LANGUAGE PEDAGOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sally Sieloff Magnan

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Although digital scholarship is now well established in academia, there is no consensus about how it should be evaluated for tenure and promotion. Is digital publication acceptable as a way to disseminate research? Is the digital medium appropriate for conducting research? To what degree does creating digital materials--from research instruments to pedagogical materials--advance knowledge and thereby constitute scholarship? Recent calls for open access to scholarship (i.e., free publication and dissemination through digital media (see Chanier, 2007 are stimulating a debate that hinges on just such questions. In that debate, departments holding traditional views hesitate to recognize digital media as scholarship while others hold that digital media promises to enrich scholarly exchanges. In 2001, the Modern Language Association entered the controversy by offering its Guidelines for Evaluating Work with Digital Media in the Modern Languages (MLA, 2001. These Guidelines are the work of the Committee on Information Technology, formerly the MLA Committee on Computers and Emerging Technologies in Teaching and Research. They aim to help departments achieve an informed perspective on this new scholarly medium. In this commentary, I offer additional thoughts to the debate by considering (a how digital media necessitates a redefinition of scholarship in second language acquisition (SLA research and language pedagogy, (b what criteria might be used in evaluating digital scholarship, and (c how digital media enhances and accelerates SLA scholarship beyond the possibilities of print publication.

  2. Invited commentary: boundless science--putting natural direct and indirect effects in a clearer empirical context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naimi, Ashley I

    2015-07-15

    Epidemiologists are increasingly using natural effects for applied mediation analyses, yet 1 key identifying assumption is unintuitive and subject to some controversy. In this issue of the Journal, Jiang and VanderWeele (Am J Epidemiol. 2015;182(2):105-108) formalize the conditions under which the difference method can be used to estimate natural indirect effects. In this commentary, I discuss implications of the controversial "cross-worlds" independence assumption needed to identify natural effects. I argue that with a binary mediator, a simple modification of the authors' approach will provide bounds for natural direct and indirect effect estimates that better reflect the capacity of the available data to support empirical statements on the presence of mediated effects. I discuss complications encountered when odds ratios are used to decompose effects, as well as the implications of incorrectly assuming the absence of exposure-induced mediator-outcome confounders. I note that the former problem can be entirely resolved using collapsible measures of effect, such as risk ratios. In the Appendix, I use previous derivations for natural direct effect bounds on the risk difference scale to provide bounds on the odds ratio scale that accommodate 1) uncertainty due to the cross-world independence assumption and 2) uncertainty due to the cross-world independence assumption and the presence of exposure-induced mediator-outcome confounders.

  3. Long life, natural death. The learned ideal of dying in late medieval commentaries on Avicenna's Canon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van 't Land, Karine

    2014-01-01

    Within late medieval learned medicine, natural death functioned both as a theoretical concept and as a goal for practice. Late medieval commentaries on Avicenna's Canon are used as source material in this study, in order to investigate the ways in which these learned medical authors envisaged natural death. The findings are compared to descriptions of natural death by natural philosophers, and to ideals of dying in broader medieval culture. According to the physicians, natural death was caused by the extinction of innate heat, due to a lack of innate moisture. They discussed natural death in relation to regimen, as the right regimen protected the body's heat and moisture, and thus helped a patient to keep natural death aloof. So, in order to think about natural death, the physicians turned to the whole of life, during which heat dried out moisture and regimens ought to be followed. By contrast, natural philosophers tended to focus on the moment of death itself. The comparison of natural death with the Good Death in broad medieval culture highlights the amoral nature of the natural death.

  4. 钟惺品评《左传》%Zhong Xing’ s Review of Zuo Commentary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑艳玲

    2013-01-01

    Keen on history, Zhong Xing made a comprehensive review of Zuo Commentary in terms of history and literature. Through his review, Zhong Xing emphasized the traditional humanistic pragmatism of Confucianism, advocated a new approach to history and summarized the writing methods, thus having played a significant role in remedying the flippant style of study in the late Ming Dynasty. However, Zhong Xing’ s review of history is of limit-ed functions due to its excessive randomness and insufficient insight.%钟惺好史,他运用历史、文学的双重角度对《左传》进行了较为全面的品评。通过品评,钟惺强调了传统的儒家经世致用之说,提倡了治史之风,总结了作文之法,这对于扭转晚明浮躁学风是有一定的积极意义的。但是,钟惺的史评过于随意,且深度不够,其作用也是有限的。

  5. Commentary: Roles for Pathologists in a High-throughput Image Analysis Team.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aeffner, Famke; Wilson, Kristin; Bolon, Brad; Kanaly, Suzanne; Mahrt, Charles R; Rudmann, Dan; Charles, Elaine; Young, G David

    2016-08-01

    Historically, pathologists perform manual evaluation of H&E- or immunohistochemically-stained slides, which can be subjective, inconsistent, and, at best, semiquantitative. As the complexity of staining and demand for increased precision of manual evaluation increase, the pathologist's assessment will include automated analyses (i.e., "digital pathology") to increase the accuracy, efficiency, and speed of diagnosis and hypothesis testing and as an important biomedical research and diagnostic tool. This commentary introduces the many roles for pathologists in designing and conducting high-throughput digital image analysis. Pathology review is central to the entire course of a digital pathology study, including experimental design, sample quality verification, specimen annotation, analytical algorithm development, and report preparation. The pathologist performs these roles by reviewing work undertaken by technicians and scientists with training and expertise in image analysis instruments and software. These roles require regular, face-to-face interactions between team members and the lead pathologist. Traditional pathology training is suitable preparation for entry-level participation on image analysis teams. The future of pathology is very exciting, with the expanding utilization of digital image analysis set to expand pathology roles in research and drug development with increasing and new career opportunities for pathologists.

  6. Commentary: our heads touch: telling and listening to stories of self.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charon, Rita

    2012-09-01

    This commentary reflects on the first decade of the Teaching and Learning Moments (TLM) feature of Academic Medicine. The author places the feature within the context of a growing movement within health care to improve reflective practice through the practice of reflective writing and reading. As an example of the opportunity these reflective activities afford, the author depicts a seminar in which students and faculty from four health sciences schools learn together about culture, illness, and health care. The participants find that their own capacity to examine and write about aspects of their own lived experience contributes to their understanding of patients. The seminar has been a meaningful adventure for these students and clinicians, as the TLM feature has been for its authors and readers. Meeting on the grounds of stories of patients and of themselves, readers and writers demonstrate for themselves how their source of commitment to health is to be found very deep within the self. As a dividend, these moments of teaching and learning provide what is needed to become members of effective health care teams.

  7. Invited commentary: application of case-crossover methods to investigate triggers of preterm birth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darrow, Lyndsey A

    2010-11-15

    Properties of the case-crossover design have appeal for investigation of acute triggers of preterm birth. Measured and unmeasured time-invariant risk factors are controlled by design, such that maternal race, socioeconomic status, and other personal factors will not confound the exposure-preterm birth association. In this issue of the Journal, Basu et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 2010;172(10):1108-1117) apply the case-crossover approach to assess the short-term relation between ambient apparent temperature and preterm birth. Novel application of the design to preterm birth, a "fatal" event exhibiting dramatic within-subject changes in risk, merits a review of the assumptions underlying the design. Implications of the referent time periods selected and the potential for confounding by seasonal patterns of conception are discussed in this commentary. The provocative associations observed by Basu et al. between high ambient apparent temperature and preterm birth should stimulate follow-up analyses and could ultimately have important public health implications. Future research can also help delineate the relative strengths and weaknesses of different temporal analytic strategies for investigating short-term associations between various exposures and preterm birth.

  8. Global Health as a Field of Power Relations: A Response to Recent Commentaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiffman, Jeremy

    2015-01-01

    Actors working in global health often portray it as an enterprise grounded in principled concerns, advanced by individuals and organizations who draw on scientific evidence to pursue health equity. This portrait is incomplete. It is also a field of power relations—a social arena in which actors claim and draw on expertise and moral authority to gain influence and pursue career, organizational and national interests. A clear understanding of how power operates in this field is necessary to ensure that it is used productively to serve the aims of health equity and improved population health. Responding to commentaries on an editorial published in this journal, I offer 3 ideas toward this end: (1) be skeptical of the global health rationality project—the effort to rescue the field from the alleged indignities of politics through the application of scientific methods; (2) analyze global health as a field of power relations, a concept developed by sociologist Pierre Bourdieu; and (3) elevate the place of input legitimacy—inclusive deliberation, fair process and transparency—to address legitimacy and knowledge deficits in this field. PMID:26188819

  9. Heat, work and subtle fluids: a commentary on Joule (1850) 'On the mechanical equivalent of heat'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, John

    2015-04-13

    James Joule played the major role in establishing the conservation of energy, or the first law of thermodynamics, as a universal, all-pervasive principle of physics. He was an experimentalist par excellence and his place in the development of thermodynamics is unarguable. This article discusses Joule's life and scientific work culminating in the 1850 paper, where he presented his detailed measurements of the mechanical equivalent of heat using his famous paddle-wheel apparatus. Joule's long series of experiments in the 1840s leading to his realisation that the conservation of energy was probably of universal validity is discussed in context with the work of other pioneers, notably Sadi Carnot, who effectively formulated the principle of the second law of thermodynamics a quarter of a century before the first law was accepted. The story of Joule's work is a story of an uphill struggle against a critical scientific establishment unwilling to accept the mounting evidence until it was impossible to ignore. His difficulties in attracting funding and publishing in reputable journals despite the quality of his work will resonate with many young scientists and engineers of the present day. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

  10. The search for mechanisms of change in behavioral treatments for alcohol use disorders: a commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longabaugh, Richard

    2007-10-01

    Definitive results from efforts to identify mechanisms of change in behavioral treatments for alcohol use disorders have been elusive. The working hypothesis guiding this paper is that one of the reasons for this elusiveness is that the models we hypothesize to account for treatments effectiveness are unnecessarily restricted and too simple. This paper aims to accomplish 3 things. First, a typography for locating potential mediators of change will be presented. In the course of doing so, a nomenclature will be proposed with the hope that this will facilitate communications among alcohol treatment researchers studying mechanisms of change. Second, alternatives to the classic test of mediation of alcohol treatment effects will be considered and one such alternative described. Third, alternative ways of conceptualizing, constructing and analyzing variables to measure mediators will be suggested. It is hoped that this commentary will facilitate research on mechanisms of change in behavioral treatments for alcohol use disorders. Behavioral change is a complex process, and the models that we develop to account for this process need to reflect this complexity. Advances in statistical approaches for testing mediation, along with a better understanding as to how to use these tools should help in moving toward this goal.

  11. Commentary: Getting fathers into parenting programmes--a reflection on Panter-Brick et al. (2014).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramchandani, Paul; Iles, Jane

    2014-11-01

    Research, policy and clinical practice focussed on engaging and working with fathers and their children often seems to oscillate between extremes. Where policy documents relating to children's health and wellbeing do include fathers it is often in a restricted way, and similarly discussions about the role of fathers in the media are often one-dimensional. It is sometimes hard to escape a feeling of despondency at the continuing exchanges, too often made ignoring or misinterpreting years of research regarding the importance of co-parenting and the involvement of fathers and other carers. One of the great contributions of child and adolescent mental health professionals has been the drawing of attention to the importance of family processes and systemic thinking, yet in relation to parenting, this seems to have been increasingly overlooked in recent years with an increased focus on attachment or social learning inspired approaches for a single parent-child dyad. In this issue of the JCPP, in a thorough and timely review, Catherine Panter-Brick and colleagues call for a clear change to the way parenting programmes are considered, studied and implemented. In this commentary, we reflect on this call and look at three challenges for CAMHS professionals.

  12. A HISTORICAL REVIEW OF HIGHWAY PLANNING AND DESIGN POLICY IN "COMMENTARY ON JAPANESE ROAD STRUCTURE ORDINANCE"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morita, Hirohisa

    The "Commentary on Japanese Road Structure Ordinance" is a book which narrates the "Japanese Road Structure Ordinance" and was revised three times from the original version published in 1960. This paper puts together and formulates the progress and interpretation of hitory of each revision. The main results derived are as below; the thought of road design is changed from the intent of national uniformity of road structures at the beginning to the flexible application of the ordinance regulations for suitable road design for the regional condition recently; hierarchy in road classification is not clear so that the target level of service and the methodology in design are not fully established yet; the contradiction caused in the treatment of demand and capacity as daily volume should be dissolved; and it is needed that the establishment of new proper standards of lane width, design speed, and so on in road design or traffic operation through confirmation of the course and conotation of the such standards setting.

  13. Commentary: Teaching creativity and innovative thinking in medicine and the health sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ness, Roberta B

    2011-10-01

    The National Academies of Science recently criticized the state of scientific innovation and competitiveness in the United States. Evaluations of already-established creativity training programs--examining a broad array of students, from school age to adult and with a wide range of abilities--have shown that such courses improve thinking skills, attitudes, and performance. Although academic medicine provides informal training in creativity and innovation, it has yet to incorporate formal instruction on these topics into medical education. A number of existing, thoughtfully constructed and evaluated creativity programs in other fields provide a pedagogical basis for developing creativity training programs for the health sciences. The content of creativity training programs typically includes instruction and application in (1) divergent thinking, (2) problem solving, and (3) creative production. Instructional formats that have been shown to elicit the best outcomes are an admixture of lectures, discussion, and guided practice. A pilot program to teach innovative thinking to health science students at the University of Texas includes instruction in recognizing and finding alternatives to frames or habitual cognitive patterns, in addition to the constructs already mentioned. As innovation is the engine of scientific progress, the author, founder of Innovative Thinking, the creativity training pilot program at the University of Texas, argues in this commentary that academic health centers should implement and evaluate new methods for enhancing science students' innovative thinking to keep the United States as a worldwide leader in scientific discovery.

  14. From evidence to understanding: a commentary on Fisher (1922) 'On the mathematical foundations of theoretical statistics'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hand, David J

    2015-04-13

    The nature of statistics has changed over time. It was originally concerned with descriptive 'matters of state'--with summarizing population numbers, economic strength and social conditions. But during the course of the twentieth century its aim broadened to include inference--how to use data to shed light on underlying mechanisms, about what might happen in the future, about what would happen if certain actions were taken. Central to this development was Ronald Fisher. Over the course of his life he was responsible for many of the major conceptual advances in statistics. This is particularly illustrated by his 1922 paper, in which he introduced many of the concepts which remain fundamental to our understanding of how to extract meaning from data, right to the present day. It is no exaggeration to say that Fisher's work, as illustrated by the ideas he described and developed in this paper, underlies all modern science, and much more besides. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

  15. Understanding and using technological affordances: a commentary on Conole and Dyke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tom Boyle

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper by Conole and Dyke sets the context by pointing to a number of problems that inhibit the widespread, effective use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT to support learning. They argue that this situation highlights the need to explore a theoretical basis for the use of ICT to support learning. The central argument of the paper is that the notion of affordances can make a significant contribution to this endeavour. The paper aims to articulate the potential impact of these affordances primarily through the development of a taxonomy. It draws on social constructivist theory to help understand and articulate the impact of these affordances. The concept of affordances is potentially both rich and provocative. Conole and Dyke provide a refreshing and diverse look at the theoretical basis for the use of ICT to support learning. We have structured our commentary around six questions that are provided by Conole and Dyke in their Discussion section. Whilst examining these questions we highlight various issues raised by the paper, which we believe, need further consideration and clarification.

  16. Commentary: The relationship status of digital media and professionalism: it's complicated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farnan, Jeanne M; Paro, John A M; Higa, Jennifer T; Reddy, Shalini T; Humphrey, Holly J; Arora, Vineet M

    2009-11-01

    The rising popularity of digital applications, such as social networking, media share sites, and blogging, has significantly affected how medical trainees interact with educators, colleagues, and the public. Despite the increased popularity and use of such applications amongst the current generation of trainees, medical educators have little evidence or guidance about preventing misuse and ensuring standards for professional conduct. As trainees become more technologically savvy, it is the responsibility of medical educators to familiarize themselves not only with the advantages of this technology but also with the potential negative effects of its misuse. Professionalism, appropriateness for public consumption, and individual or institutional representation in digital media content are just some of the salient issues that arise when considering the ramifications of trainees' digital behavior in the absence of established policies or education on risk. In this commentary the authors explore the rising use of digital media and its reflection of medical trainees' professionalism. To address possible issues related to professionalism in digital media, the authors hypothesize potential solutions, including exploring faculty familiarity with digital media and policy development, educating students on the potential risks of misuse, and modeling professionalism in this new digital age.

  17. The birth of the electric machines: a commentary on Faraday (1832) 'Experimental researches in electricity'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Khalili, Jim

    2015-04-13

    The history of science is filled with examples of key discoveries and breakthroughs that have been published as landmark texts or journal papers, and to which one can trace the origins of whole disciplines. Such paradigm-shifting publications include Copernicus' De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (1543), Isaac Newton's Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1687) and Albert Einstein's papers on relativity (1905 and 1915). Michael Faraday's 1832 paper on electromagnetic induction sits proudly among these works and in a sense can be regarded as having an almost immediate effect in transforming our world in a very real sense more than any of the others listed. Here we review the status of the subject-the relationship between magnetism and electricity both before and after Faraday's paper and delve into the details of the key experiments he carried out at the Royal Institution outlining clearly how he discovered the process of electromagnetic induction, whereby an electric current could be induced to flow through a conductor that experiences a changing magnetic field. His ideas would not only enable Maxwell's later development of his theory of classical electromagnetism, but would directly lead to the development of the electric dynamo and electric motor, two technological advances that are the very foundations of the modern world. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

  18. Global Health as a Field of Power Relations: A Response to Recent Commentaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiffman, Jeremy

    2015-05-22

    Actors working in global health often portray it as an enterprise grounded in principled concerns, advanced by individuals and organizations who draw on scientific evidence to pursue health equity. This portrait is incomplete. It is also a field of power relations-a social arena in which actors claim and draw on expertise and moral authority to gain influence and pursue career, organizational and national interests. A clear understanding of how power operates in this field is necessary to ensure that it is used productively to serve the aims of health equity and improved population health. Responding to commentaries on an editorial published in this journal, I offer 3 ideas toward this end: (1) be skeptical of the global health rationality project-the effort to rescue the field from the alleged indignities of politics through the application of scientific methods; (2) analyze global health as a field of power relations, a concept developed by sociologist Pierre Bourdieu; and (3) elevate the place of input legitimacy-inclusive deliberation, fair process and transparency-to address legitimacy and knowledge deficits in this field.

  19. [The EbM Commentary at the Annual Meeting of the German Congress of Orthopaedics and Traumatology (DKOU): background, aims and vision].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubs, L; Kirschner, S; Neugebauer, E; Hassenpflug, J

    2011-08-01

    The critical appraisal of clinical and scientific work to assure the effectiveness and to balance the risks of treatment are mandatory today. Recent innovations in medicine often lead only to minor improvement in patient benefit. For the better understanding of the presented study results, the EbM commentary was introduced in 2007 at the Annual Meeting of the German Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. The EbM commentary was developed within the Swiss Orthopaedic Society and is a vital part of the Annual Meetings. The EbM commentary is a carefully prepared critical appraisal of an orally presented study by a specially trained colleague. The commentary consists of three components and begins with a systematic analysis following the SPION principle. What kind of study was carried out? Which patients were enrolled in the investigation? What kind of interventions were compared? How was the outcome measured? What is the benefit of the study for my own practice and what is the benefit for the patient? The reporting and the evaluation of the patient benefit is of great interest. In the second step the strengths and weaknesses of the study were discussed and the study will be rated for their evidence. For the best case the presented study implies direct changes in the usual treatment of patients. In the worst case no changes are necessary and the study is rated "so what" because of methodological weaknesses making the drawn conclusions invalid. For the audience the EbM commentary may support their rating of the quality of the presented study. The congress team selects interesting presentations for the EbM commentary. The EbM commentators receive the oral presentation and in most cases additional information from the selected studies four weeks in advance of the meeting. The EbM commentary is focused on a precise analysis of the presented data in an open and pleasant discussion. The aim of the EbM commentary is to clearly point out the patient benefit and to disclose

  20. On the Changes of Interpretation Model of Contemporary Chinese News Commentary%论当代中国新闻评论解读模式的变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡沈明

    2014-01-01

    As a style with strong nature of politics and authority,news commentaries have been the important means to attract the attention of readers of media. With the development of the time,the way and methods of news commentaries have some new changes,including news commentary thinking from monism to pluralism,news commentary function from“ public opinions to expressions”,and news commentary contents emphasizing transferring opinion and consolidating contacts.%新闻评论作为一种政治性和权威性很强的文体,一直是媒体吸引读者的重要手段。随着时代的发展,我国的新闻评论方式和方法均出现了一些新变化,包括新闻评论思维从价值一元到价值多元;新闻评论功能从“舆论引导”到“言论表达”;新闻评论内容既强调“观点传递”,又强调“关系加强”。

  1. Matematicas Para La Escuela Primaria, Grado 4 (Parte 2), Comentario. Traduccion Preliminar de la Edicion en Ingles Revisada. (Mathematics for the Elementary School, Grade 4, Part 2, Teacher's Commentary. Preliminary Translation of the Revised English Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beatty, Leslie; And Others

    This is Part 2 of the teacher's commentary for the grade 4 mathematics program. Part 2 includes the commentary for chapters 6 through 10. Topics covered include addition and subtraction, multiplication and division, geometrical figures, lines and lineal measurement, and fractions. (RH)

  2. Matematicas Para La Escuela Primaria, Grado 4 (Parte 1), Comentario. Traduccion Preliminar de la Edicion en Ingles Revisada. (Mathematics for the Elementary School, Grade 4, Part 1, Teacher's Commentary. Preliminary Translation of the Revised English Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beatty, Leslie; And Others

    This is Part 1 of the teacher's commentary for the grade 4 mathematics program. Part 1 includes the commentary for chapters 1 through 5. Topics covered include congruence, numbers and number bases, subtraction of numbers, division of numbers, and elementary geometry. References to the student text are cited. (RH)

  3. Soy isoflavones, estrogen therapy, and breast cancer risk: analysis and commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wood Charles E

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract There has been considerable investigation of the potential for soyfoods to reduce risk of cancer, and in particular cancer of the breast. Most interest in this relationship is because soyfoods are essentially a unique dietary source of isoflavones, compounds which bind to estrogen receptors and exhibit weak estrogen-like effects under certain experimental conditions. In recent years the relationship between soyfoods and breast cancer has become controversial because of concerns – based mostly on in vitro and rodent data – that isoflavones may stimulate the growth of existing estrogen-sensitive breast tumors. This controversy carries considerable public health significance because of the increasing popularity of soyfoods and the commercial availability of isoflavone supplements. In this analysis and commentary we attempt to outline current concerns regarding the estrogen-like effects of isoflavones in the breast focusing primarily on the clinical trial data and place these concerns in the context of recent evidence regarding estrogen therapy use in postmenopausal women. Overall, there is little clinical evidence to suggest that isoflavones will increase breast cancer risk in healthy women or worsen the prognosis of breast cancer patients. Although relatively limited research has been conducted, and the clinical trials often involved small numbers of subjects, there is no evidence that isoflavone intake increases breast tissue density in pre- or postmenopausal women or increases breast cell proliferation in postmenopausal women with or without a history of breast cancer. The epidemiologic data are generally consistent with the clinical data, showing no indication of increased risk. Furthermore, these clinical and epidemiologic data are consistent with what appears to be a low overall breast cancer risk associated with pharmacologic unopposed estrogen exposure in postmenopausal women. While more research is required to definitively

  4. Computational chemistry, systems biology and toxicology. Harnessing the chemistry of life: revolutionizing toxicology. a commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimber, Ian; Humphris, Colin; Westmoreland, Carl; Alepee, Nathalie; Negro, Gianni Dal; Manou, Irene

    2011-04-01

    There is a continuing interest in, and increasing imperatives for, the development of alternative methods for toxicological evaluations that do not require the use of animals. Although a significant investment has resulted in some achievements, progress has been patchy and there remain many challenges. Among the most significant hurdles is developing non-animal methods that would permit assessment of the potential for a chemical or drug to cause adverse health effects following repeated systemic exposure. Developing approaches to address this challenge has been one of the objectives of the European Partnership for Alternative Approaches to Animal Testing (EPAA). The EPAA is a unique partnership between the European Commission and industry that has interests in all aspects of reducing, refining and replacing the use of animals (the '3Rs'). One possible strategy that emerged from a broad scientific debate sponsored by the EPAA was the opportunity for developing entirely new paradigms for toxicity testing based upon harnessing the increasing power of computational chemistry in combination with advanced systems biology. This brief commentary summarizes a workshop organized by the EPAA in 2010, that had the ambitious title of 'Harnessing the Chemistry of Life: Revolutionizing Toxicology'. At that workshop international experts in chemistry, systems biology and toxicology sought to map out how best developments in these sciences could be exploited to design new strategies for toxicity testing using adverse effects in the liver as an initial focus of attention. Here we describe the workshop design and outputs, the primary purpose being to stimulate debate about the need to align different areas of science with toxicology if new and truly innovative approaches to toxicity testing are to be developed.

  5. KDOQI US commentary on the 2013 KDIGO Clinical Practice Guideline for Lipid Management in CKD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarnak, Mark J; Bloom, Roy; Muntner, Paul; Rahman, Mahboob; Saland, Jeffrey M; Wilson, Peter W F; Fried, Linda

    2015-03-01

    The National Kidney Foundation-Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (NKF-KDOQI) guideline for management of dyslipidemia in chronic kidney disease (CKD) was published in 2003. Since then, considerable evidence, including randomized controlled trials of statin therapy in adults with CKD, has helped better define medical treatments for dyslipidemia. In light of the new evidence, KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) formed a work group for the management of dyslipidemia in patients with CKD. This work group developed a new guideline that contains substantial changes from the prior KDOQI guideline. KDIGO recommends treatment of dyslipidemia in patients with CKD primarily based on risk for coronary heart disease, which is driven in large part by age. The KDIGO guideline does not recommend using low-density lipoprotein cholesterol level as a guide for identifying individuals with CKD to be treated or as treatment targets. Initiation of statin treatment is no longer recommended in dialysis patients. To assist US practitioners in interpreting and applying the KDIGO guideline, NKF-KDOQI convened a work group to write a commentary on this guideline. For the most part, our work group agreed with the recommendations of the KDIGO guideline, although we describe several areas in which we believe the guideline statements are either too strong or need to be more nuanced, areas of uncertainty and inconsistency, as well as additional research recommendations. The target audience for the KDIGO guideline includes nephrologists, primary care practitioners, and non-nephrology specialists such as cardiologists and endocrinologists. As such, we also put the current recommendations into the context of other clinical practice recommendations for cholesterol treatment.

  6. Commentary on the special issue on the adolescent brain: Adolescence, trajectories, and the importance of prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersen, Susan L

    2016-11-01

    Adolescence as highlighted in this special issue is a period of tremendous growth, synaptic exuberance, and plasticity, but also a period for the emergence of mental illness and addiction. This commentary aims to stimulate research on prevention science to reduce the impact of early life events that often manifest during adolescence. By promoting a better understanding of what creates a normal and abnormal trajectory, the reviews by van Duijvenvoorde et al., Kilford et al., Lichenstein et al., and Tottenham and Galvan in this special issue comprehensively describe how the adolescent brain develops under typical conditions and how this process can go awry in humans. Preclinical reviews also within this issue describe how adolescents have prolonged extinction periods to maximize learning about their environment (Baker et al.), whereas Schulz and Sisk focus on the importance of puberty and how it interacts with stress (Romeo). Caballero and Tseng then set the stage of describing the neural circuitry that is often central to these changes and psychopathology. Factors that affect the mis-wiring of the brain for illness, including prenatal exposure to anti-mitotic agents (Gomes et al.) and early life stress and inflammation (Schwarz and Brenhouse), are included as examples of how exposure to early adversity manifests. These reviews are synthesized and show how information from the maturational stages that precede or occur during adolescence is likely to hold the key towards optimizing development to produce an adolescent and adult that is resilient and well adapted to their environment. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. A commentary on the "eating addiction" versus "food addiction" perspectives on addictive-like food consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulte, Erica M; Potenza, Marc N; Gearhardt, Ashley N

    2016-10-27

    The food addiction construct posits that vulnerable individuals may experience an addictive-like response to certain foods, such as those high in fat and refined carbohydrates. Recently, an alternative model to food addiction was proposed, suggesting that the act of eating may be a behavioral addiction that can trigger an addictive-like response in susceptible individuals. One major rationale for the eating addiction framework is that the assessment of food addiction is based on behavioral indicators, such as consuming greater quantities of food than intended and eating certain foods despite negative consequences. It is also suggested that the lack of investigation into which foods and food attributes (e.g., sugar) may have an addictive potential is evidence that food addiction does not parallel a substance-based addiction and more closely resembles a behavioral addiction. The present paper provides a commentary suggesting that the substance-based, food-addiction framework is more appropriate than the behavioral-addiction, eating-addiction perspective to conceptualize addictive-like food consumption. In order to illustrate this point, this manuscript will discuss behavioral components characteristic of all substance-use disorders, preliminary evidence to suggest that all foods are not equally associated with addictive-like eating, and key differences between the hypothesized eating addiction phenotype and the only existing behavioral addiction in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), gambling disorder. Further, this paper will consider implications of applying an addiction label to food versus eating and suggest future research directions to evaluate whether food addiction is a valid and clinically useful construct.

  8. Towards new educational potentialities: Review and commentary of the Preliminary draft Act on higher education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madžar Ljubomir

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The Higher Education Act is a long-awaited legal act. A number of uncompleted attempts to prepare it have been undertaken in the course of the last three years. So far without success. Having been and still being a matter of highest social priority, the renewed effort to create and subsequently to enact this act is welcome as a worthwhile and a highly productive endeavor. Welcome also are the main innovations offered by this act, particularly its conspicuous consistency with the Bologna Declaration and other internationally launched and accepted documents. The draft act follows the international documents tracing down the paths of the future development of the educational systems of the European countries and providing for their mutual compatibility. A number of other positive contributions of the draft act are singled out, such as introducing clear and rigorous criteria and procedures for accreditation and quality control, introducing a wide coverage of arts and sciences as a precondition for an institution of higher education to qualify as a university, flexibility in the regime of studying including the domestic and international mobility of the students and requirement for the schools of higher education to have large cores of permanently employed teaching staff. A much larger part of the paper is, however, devoted to critical commentaries. To begin with, the draft is produced without any participation of the private universities, which is seen as a form of discrimination. The organizational pattern of a university is laid out with insufficient clarity and the status of departments (faculties is particularly short of precision and even contradictory. The draft seems to be laden with the old bias towards excessive and potentially disastrous centralization, drastically reducing the decision making capacity of the system. The treatment of the property of the departments (faculties is found inconsistent and legally unfounded. Inconsistency is

  9. Commentary: What are the benefits of training deaf and hard-of-hearing doctors?

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKee, Michael M; Smith, Scott; Barnett, Steven; Pearson, Thomas A

    2013-02-01

    Deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHoH) individuals are underrepresented among physicians and physicians-in-training, yet this group is frequently overlooked in the diversity efforts of many medical training programs. The inclusion of DHoH individuals, with their diverse backgrounds, experiences, and struggles, contributes to medical education and health care systems in a variety of ways, including (1) a richer medical education experience for students and faculty resulting in greater disability awareness and knowledge about how to interact with and care for DHoH individuals and their families, (2) the provision of empathetic care desired by many patients and their families, including individuals who have a disability or chronic condition, and (3) the promotion of a more supportive and accessible professional environment for physicians, including older physicians in practice and as educators, who are experiencing age-associated decreased hearing acuity or other acquired disabilities.Today, many qualified DHoH individuals face barriers to pursuing medical careers even while physicians who become DHoH can continue to practice medicine. These barriers still exist two decades after the implementation of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and despite technological advancements and changing attitudes. In light of the findings by Moreland and colleagues, the authors of this commentary discuss reasons to include DHoH individuals in the physician workforce, explain why this group remains underrepresented among physicians, and suggest ways that medical schools and training programs can ensure fair application processes and inclusive educational opportunities for work with DHoH students who are interested in health care careers.

  10. Attending to the construct of beliefs in research on religion/spirituality and health: commentary on 'beyond belief'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Crystal L

    2012-10-01

    In this commentary, I concur with Cromby that more attention should be given to beliefs in terms of definition, measurement, and investigation, particularly of their development and their relations with aspects of health and well-being. Within the context of religious beliefs, I argue, however, that beliefs should not be considered affect or emotion but rather should be examined in relation to them, and that their development likely arises through myriad sources. I provide an alternative definition of religious beliefs and conclude with suggestions for future research on religious beliefs and health.

  11. Does dark chocolate have a role in the prevention and management of hypertension?: commentary on the evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egan, Brent M; Laken, Marilyn A; Donovan, Jennifer L; Woolson, Robert F

    2010-06-01

    The notion that eating chocolate would prevent or treat hypertension is appealing to many who produce and enjoy chocolate. Several studies have documented beneficial effects of dark chocolate on insulin action and endothelial function. However, the published studies on chocolate and blood pressure include a relatively small number of subjects, and results are conflicting. In addition, because of secrecy surrounding the production of chocolate and the unique sociocultural context of this popular food, research on efficacy and effectiveness is complex. This commentary summarizes 13 peer-reviewed studies on dark chocolate and blood pressure and raises questions relevant to its future as an evidence-based lifestyle intervention.

  12. [A commentary on the Ruling of the Tribuna Constitucional 212/1996 of 19 December 1996 (I)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    González Morán, L

    1998-01-01

    This article is a commentary on Spain's Constitutional Court's ruling of 19 December 1996 (STC 212/1996), on the challenge (596/89) on grounds of alleged unconstitutionality made against Law 42/1988, 28 December, which regulates the donation of human embryos and foetuses or the cells, tissues and organs therefrom. The article is structured as follows: it opens with a summary of Law 42/1988, since this is felt necessary to understand the subsequent challenge made on grounds of alleged unconstitutionality. We then provide specific details of the challenge and the resulting ruling, before concluding with some critical remarks on the aforementioned Law and ruling.

  13. Rust on the Brain from Microbleeds and Its Relevance to Alzheimer Studies: Invited Commentary on Cacciottolo Neurobiology of Aging, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cacciottolo, M; Morgan, TE; Finch, CE

    2016-01-01

    Cerebral microbleeds (MB) and small vessel disease (SVD) with congophilic arterial angiopathy (CAA) are increasingly recognized as a variable factor in AD cognitive impairments. This commentary on our recent report on sex-ApoE interactions in MBs published this February, briefly explores three aspects of MBs that could not be fully discussed therein: I, A possible gap between the prevalence of MBs as detected by MRI and post mortem analysis; II, The role of hemoglobin-degradation products in amyloid-attributed neurodegenerative changes; and III, Possible assessment of MB by cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) assays for iron-related markers to better screen patient subgroups for AD interventions. PMID:28042517

  14. Love and/in psychoanalysis: a commentary on Lacan's reading of Plato's Symposium in Seminar VIII: Transference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Bruce

    2015-02-01

    What is love and what part does it play in psychoanalysis? Where are the analyst and the analysand situated in relation to the roles defined as those of the "lover" and the "beloved"? Jacques Lacan explores these and other questions in his soon-to-be-published Seminar VIII: Transference by providing an extensive commentary on Plato's most famous dialogue on love, the Symposium. This paper outlines some of the major points about love that grow out of Lacan's reading of the dialogue and examines their relevance to the analytic setting. Can the analyst be characterized as a sort of modern-day Socrates?

  15. [Commentary on the Nobel Prize that has been granted in Medicine-Physiology, Chemistry and Physics to noteable investigators].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zárate, Arturo; Apolinar, Leticia Manuel; Saucedo, Renata; Basurto, Lourdes

    2015-01-01

    The Nobel Prize was established by Alfred Nobel in 1901 to award people who have made outstanding achievements in physics, chemistry and medicine. So far, from 852 laureates, 45 have been female. Marie Curie was the first woman to receive the Nobel Prize in 1903 for physics and eight years later also for chemistry It is remarkable that her daughter Irene and her husband also received the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1935. Other two married couples, Cori and Moser, have also been awarded the Nobel Prize. The present commentary attempts to show the female participation in the progress of scientific activities.

  16. Scientific commentary: Strategic analysis of environmental policy risks--heat maps, risk futures and the character of environmental harm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prpich, G; Dagonneau, J; Rocks, S A; Lickorish, F; Pollard, S J T

    2013-10-01

    We summarise our recent efforts on the policy-level risk appraisal of environmental risks. These have necessitated working closely with policy teams and a requirement to maintain crisp and accessible messages for policy audiences. Our comparative analysis uses heat maps, supplemented with risk narratives, and employs the multidimensional character of risks to inform debates on the management of current residual risk and future threats. The policy research and ensuing analysis raises core issues about how comparative risk analyses are used by policy audiences, their validation and future developments that are discussed in the commentary below. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. HIV treatment as prevention: debate and commentary--will early infection compromise treatment-as-prevention strategies?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myron S Cohen

    Full Text Available Universal HIV testing and immediate antiretroviral therapy for infected individuals has been proposed as a way of reducing the transmission of HIV and thereby bringing the HIV epidemic under control. It is unclear whether transmission during early HIV infection--before individuals are likely to have been diagnosed with HIV and started on antiretroviral therapy--will compromise the effectiveness of treatment as prevention. This article presents two opposing viewpoints by Powers, Miller, and Cohen, and Williams and Dye, followed by a commentary by Fraser.

  18. Commentary: the 1944 patulin trial: the first properly controlled multicentre trial conducted under the aegis of the British Medical Research Council.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalmers, Iain; Clarke, Mike

    2004-04-01

    The 1948 report of the British Medical Research Council's randomized trial of streptomycin for pulmonary tuberculosis is widely regarded as marking the beginning of the modern history of controlled clinical trials. Four years earlier, however, a methodologically sophisticated multicentre trial conducted under the aegis of the Medical Research Council was reported, which assessed the effects of the antibiotic patulin on the course of common colds. Philip D'Arcy Hart and Joan Faulkner (later Joan Doll) were the secretary and assistant secretary, respectively, to the committee overseeing the trial, and they clearly recognized the importance of preventing foreknowledge of allocations from those admitting patients to the study. To do this and to 'muddle people up', they and Ruth D'Arcy Hart devised a scheme involving the use of two patulin groups and two placebo groups, allocating patients to one of these four groups using strict rotation. Philip D'Arcy Hart believes that this study has been overshadowed by the celebrated streptomycin trial (for which he was also secretary to the oversight committee) because no beneficial effect of patulin was detected, and because the report of the streptomycin trial referred to the use of random sampling numbers to generate the allocation schedule. This article makes clear why we agree with Philip D'Arcy Hart that the 1944 patulin trial deserves wider recognition as the first well controlled, multicentre clinical trial to have been conducted under the aegis of the British Medical Research Council. This status is reflected in the International Journal of Epidemiology's reproduction of the full text of the trial report in this issue of the journal.

  19. Considerations regarding the unintended radiation exposure of the embryo, fetus or nursing child. NCRP commentary No. 9

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-31

    NCRP Commentary No. 9 was developed in response to a request by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to address issues specific to the exposure of a nursing child or the exposure of an embryo or fetus subsequent to a medical misadministration or radioactive material. Thirteen pages of text, consisting of 5 chapters and 5 tables, comprise the document. The NRC requested this commentary be used as a guide in developing regulations on the unintended irradiation of an embryo, fetus or nursing child. The NCRP clearly implies that intentional irradiation is fully within the purview of medical judgement. Although it is clear that appropriate medical procedures must be implemented to avoid unintended irradiation of a conceptus of nursing child, the NCRP provides no guidance on the division between medical and regulatory responsibilities for either preadministration or postadministration management of the pregnant patient or the nursing child. The important issue to address at this juncture regards the specific regulations, if any, that should be inaugurated for unintended exposures, and whether such regulations would represent a responsible protection of the public.

  20. Aspectos literarios de la obra de don Joan de Castellanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Germán Romero

    1966-10-01

    Full Text Available Capítulo XV. Voces castizas que no figuran en el diccionario de la academia (II A las voces castizas y bien autorizadas que usó Castellanos y que no figuran en el diccionario, reseñadas por Rodríguez Marín, podemos añadir otras que no aparecen en la obra del insigne cervantista.

  1. Aspectos literarios de la obra de don Joan de Castellanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Germán Romero

    1966-09-01

    Full Text Available Capítulo XIV Voces castizas que no figuran en el diccionario de la academia (I Con el título de Dos mil quinientas voces castizas y bien autorizadas que piden lugar en nuestro léxico, publicó don Francisco Rodríguez Marín un interesante libro en Madrid, 1922. El erudito comentador del Quijote estudió cuidadosamente los autores españoles de los siglos XV, XVI y XVII.

  2. El cronista don Joan de Castellanos: Segunda parte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Germán Romero

    1962-01-01

    Full Text Available En el escrutinio que el cura y el barbero hicieron en la biblioteca del Ingenioso Hidalgo, se salvó del fuego La Araucana de Ercilla junto con La Austríada de Juan Rulfo y El Monserrate de Cristóbal de Virués. "Todos esos libros -dijo el cura- son los mejores que en verso heroico en lengua castellana están escritos, y pueden competir con los más famosos de Italia: guárdense como las más ricas prendas de poesía que tiene España". (1 Parte, cap. VI.

  3. Las fechas de don Joan de Castellanos - IV

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    Mario Germán Romero

    1961-04-01

    Full Text Available Antes de continuar con la cronología de Castellanos, es oportuno señalar aquí la manera como el autor de las Elegías citaba las fechas. Se sabe que escribió su obra monumental en la vejez.

  4. Aspectos literarios de la obra de don Joan de Castellanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Germán Romero

    1967-12-01

    Full Text Available Capítulo XXIX La antiguedad clásica en las elegías (I Si queremos ubicar a Castellanos en el movimiento poético de su tiempo, quizás podríamos afirmar que perteneció al período del Renacimiento. Isaac J. Pardo en el más original capítulo de su libro Juan de Castellanos estudia las corrientes literarias hispánicas y encuentra en el autor de las Elegías rasgos arcaicos y reminiscencias del cuatrocientos, del Renacimiento y principios del barroco.

  5. Aspectos literarios de la obra de don Joan de Castellanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Germán Romero

    1966-05-01

    Full Text Available Capítulo X. Latines de las elegías. El ilustre humanista don José Manuel Rivas Sacconi tiene el mérito de haber sido el primero en pedir una revaluación del juicio que de Castellanos tiene formado la crítica. En su obra El latín en. Colombia estudió a fondo la cultura latina del Beneficiado.

  6. Aspectos literarios de la obra de don Joan de Castellanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Germán Romero

    1966-06-01

    Full Text Available Capítulo XI. Latinismos (I Castellanos se mueve en las corrientes literarias del Renacimiento y del Barroco, participa de las características de uno y otro período. Del primero toma el amor por la cultura clásica latina y por los metros y rimas nuevos. Nada más interesante que aquel episodio de la porfia entre Jiménez de Quesada y el Beneficiado sobre los nuevos metros.

  7. Aspectos literarios de la obra de don Joan de Castellanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Germán Romero

    1966-11-01

    Full Text Available Capítulo XVI. Locuciones y modos adverbiales (I Castellanos es uno de los autores más opulentos en vocabulario. La riqueza de locuciones y modos adverbiales es inagotable. Tratar de hacer un inventario completo del primero o una reseña siquiera aproximada de los segundos sería una tarea superior a las fuerzas humanas. Hoy con los sistemas electrónicos sería posible nacer el inventario lexicográfico del autor de las Elegías.

  8. Mark Boyle and Joan Hills at the Gemeentemuseum, The Hague

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris Townsend

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Boyle Family's poured resin reliefs, cast from randomly chosen sections of the earth's surface, problematize the boundaries between sculpture, painting, and performance in British art of the 1960s and 1970s. This essay, discussing the collective's first international exhibition, at the Gemeentemuseum in The Hague, in turn problematizes the critical nominations that have so far been used to categorize its practice. The essay sees the Boyle Family as operating not in the genres of "earth" or "environmental" art, but rather within the broad category of European conceptualism and the legacies of high modernism, sharing much with the work of Bernd and Hilla Becher in particular.

  9. La justicia colonial en don Joan de Castellanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Germán Romero

    1963-09-01

    Full Text Available En los tiempos coloniales la complicada administración de justicia estaba en manos de las Audiencias Reales y Cancillerías; los Alcaldes Ordinarios de los Cabildos municipales ejercían la jurisdicción en primera instancia para asuntos civiles de menor cuantía; tenían funciones jurisdiccionales los Corregidores y Alcaldes Mayores, Capitanes Generales y Virreyes.

  10. Towards a better understanding of forgiveness of sins in the first commentaries on the Heidelberg Catechism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pieter C. Potgieter

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available With regard to the issue of the forgiveness of sins in the Heidelberg Catechism, this paper shows that not only was there agreement and the same basic approach to issues of faith to be found in the commentaries of Ursinus and Olevianus, but also a valuable complementing of each other’s work. The influence of Calvin, with whom both of them have studied in Geneva, is obvious in their doctrinal approach. Whereas Ursinus tended more towards an academic correctness in his Explicationum Catecheticarum, Olevianus added a pastoral and spiritual dimension in his Vester Grundt. Although some theologians questioned the role of Olevianus in the compilation of the Heidelberg Catechism, recent research adequately shows that both of them were indeed involved, and were well-endowed with the necessary background for providing a further exposition of the Catechism. Both of them emphasise the unquestionable and sole merit of Jesus Christ, through his vicarious death on the cross, as the only ground for God’s gracious forgiveness of the sinner. It is God’s free gift, appropriated through faith and trust in the merit of Christ. Hierdie artikel toon aan dat daar, wat die vergifnis van sonde betref, nie net groot ooreenstemming en dieselfde basiese benadering ten opsigte van geloofskwessies in die kommentare van Ursinus en Olevianus op die Heidelbergse Kategismus is nie, maar dat daar ook ’n waardevolle wedersydse aanvulling van mekaar se werk is. Albei het by geleentheid in Genéve onder Calvyn gestudeer: sy invloed is onmiskenbaar in hulle leerstellige benaderings. In Ursinus se Explicationum Catecheticarum weeg die akademiese korrektheid swaarder, terwyl daar in Olevianus se Vester Grundt ook ‘n pastorale en spirituele dimensie bykom. Olevianus se betrokkenheid by die opstel van die Heidelbergse Kategismus is soms sterk bevraagteken, maar nuwe navorsing laat genoegsaam blyk dat albei teoloë inderdaad deel gehad het daaraan, en ook goed toegerus was met

  11. Timeless and Timely Advice: A Commentary on "Consultation to Facilitate Planned Organizational Change in Schools," an Article by Joseph E. Zins and Robert J. Illback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazel, Cynthia E.

    2007-01-01

    This commentary on Zins and Illback's (1995) article, Consultation to Facilitate Planned Organizational Change in Schools, argues that the authors provided a solid foundation for well-planned, proactive, sustainable, internally-driven systemic change in schools that has yet to be widely realized. Their school organizational change model and more…

  12. Applying Motivational Interviewing to School-Based Consultation: A Commentary on "Has Consultation Achieved Its Primary Prevention Potential?," an Article by Joseph E. Zins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blom-Hoffman, Jessica; Rose, Gary S.

    2007-01-01

    Despite a decade of advances since Zins' 1995 article on prevention, much work lies ahead to make prevention everyday consultation activities for school psychologists. To foster prevention efforts, this commentary discusses how motivational interviewing in school-based consultation (a) might peak consultees' initial interest in change, and (b)…

  13. Incorporating Human Rights into the Sustainability Agenda: A Commentary on "Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights and Business Schools' Responsibility to Teach It"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrew, Jane

    2013-01-01

    In her commentary of McPhail's 2013 article "Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights and Business Schools' Responsibility to Teach It: Incorporating Human Rights into the Sustainability Agenda," Jane Andrew begins by highlighting a number of McPhail's primary arguments. She points out that McPhail sets out to achieve two things…

  14. Commentary on "An intermediate state between the kagome-ice and the fully polarized state in Dy2Ti2O7"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Perfetti

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A Commentary on the paper by S A Grigera et al. [Pap. Phys. 7, 070009 (2015]. Received: 25 June 2015, Accepted: 25 June 2015; Edited by: A. Vindigni; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4279/PIP.070010 Cite as: M Perfetti, Papers in Physics 7, 070010 (2015

  15. Social networks on both sides of the transition point A research commentary on "Critical mass and willingness to pay for social networks" by J. Christopher Westland

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smith-David, Julie

    2010-01-01

    Westland's article provides an excellent foundational understanding of the percolation theory and how it can be applied to understand achieving "critical mass" in social networks. This commentary introduces extensions to the percolation theory that have been developed while studying sea ice, and des

  16. 山西景点英文导游词创作探析%A Study of English Tour Commentaries Writing for Shanxi Attractions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗长欣

    2012-01-01

    本文针对山西景点英文导游词的现状,从英文导游词的翻译规范和创作方法等角度分析了目前英文导游词中存在的问题,初步提出了英文导游词创作中应注意的问题和解决方法,并就努力提高英文导游词的吸引力以及针对性做了进一步思考。%Based on the present situation of writing English tour commentaries of Shanxi scenic spot areas, the paper analyzes the main problems existing in the process of writing English tour commentaries. According to the ex- isting problems, it preliminary puts forward some problems we should pay more attention to and solutions in the process of writing English tour commentaries in order to improve the attraction and pertinence of the English tour commentaries.

  17. Is "Economia Aziendale" Research Programme "Fit for Purpose"? A Commentary on "Contextualizing the Intermediate Financial Accounting Courses in the Global Financial Crisis"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galassi, Giuseppe

    2011-01-01

    In his commentary, from the perspective of a professor who has spent a lifetime in a highly vocational scientific field like accounting and business economics, Giuseppe Galassi puts forth an alternate proposal to the one suggested in Bloom and Webinger's (2011) article. Bloom and Webinger suggest that disciplines, including management, economics,…

  18. Incorporating Human Rights into the Sustainability Agenda: A Commentary on "Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights and Business Schools' Responsibility to Teach It"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrew, Jane

    2013-01-01

    In her commentary of McPhail's 2013 article "Corporate Responsibility to Respect Human Rights and Business Schools' Responsibility to Teach It: Incorporating Human Rights into the Sustainability Agenda," Jane Andrew begins by highlighting a number of McPhail's primary arguments. She points out that McPhail sets out to achieve two things…

  19. Timeless and Timely Advice: A Commentary on "Consultation to Facilitate Planned Organizational Change in Schools," an Article by Joseph E. Zins and Robert J. Illback

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazel, Cynthia E.

    2007-01-01

    This commentary on Zins and Illback's (1995) article, Consultation to Facilitate Planned Organizational Change in Schools, argues that the authors provided a solid foundation for well-planned, proactive, sustainable, internally-driven systemic change in schools that has yet to be widely realized. Their school organizational change model and more…

  20. Is "Economia Aziendale" Research Programme "Fit for Purpose"? A Commentary on "Contextualizing the Intermediate Financial Accounting Courses in the Global Financial Crisis"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galassi, Giuseppe

    2011-01-01

    In his commentary, from the perspective of a professor who has spent a lifetime in a highly vocational scientific field like accounting and business economics, Giuseppe Galassi puts forth an alternate proposal to the one suggested in Bloom and Webinger's (2011) article. Bloom and Webinger suggest that disciplines, including management, economics,…

  1. Mother-Blaming in the Shadow of Incest: Commentary on "Motherhood in the Shadow of Incest" by Rachel Lev-Wiesel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faller, Kathleen Coulborn

    2007-01-01

    This commentary on "Motherhood in the Shadow of Incest" by Rachel Lev-Wiesel, is divided into three sections. In the first section, this author addresses the issue of the role of mothers in incest. Faller contends that, with regard to research findings on the role of mothers' own sexual victimization in her child's experience, previous research…

  2. "Intelligence and Civilisation": A Ludwig Mond Lecture Delivered at the University of Manchester on 23rd October 1936 by Godfrey H. Thomson. A Reprinting with Background and Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deary, Ian J.; Lawn, Martin; Brett, Caroline E.; Bartholomew, David J.

    2009-01-01

    Here we reprint, and provide background and a commentary on, a recently-rediscovered lecture by Godfrey H. Thomson entitled, "Intelligence and civilisation." It was delivered at the University of Manchester, UK, on 23rd October, 1936, printed in 1937 in the short-lived "Journal of the University of Manchester" and as a pamphlet in Edinburgh. It…

  3. A Vygotskian Approach to Heterogeneous Communication and Multi/Cultural Literacy: Commentary on David Kellogg's "Taking Uptaking up, or, a Deconstructionist "Ontology of Difference" and a Developmental One"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, SungWon

    2009-01-01

    In this commentary, I review Kellogg's comments on a recent editorial in the journal "Mind, Culture, and Activity" (Roth, 2008). Concerning Kellogg's code-switching model for learning language, I present and exemplify a dialectic problem of multi/cultural literacy: the first articulation that crosses the boundaries of cultures and languages…

  4. Gifted Identification and the Role of Gifted Education: A Commentary on "Evaluating the Gifted Program of an Urban School District Using a Modified Regression Discontinuity Design"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steenbergen-Hu, Saiying; Olszewski-Kubilius, Paula

    2016-01-01

    The article by Davis, Engberg, Epple, Sieg, and Zimmer (2010) represents one of the recent research efforts from economists in evaluating the impact of gifted programs. It can serve as a worked example of the implementation of the regression discontinuity (RD) design method in gifted education research. In this commentary, we first illustrate the…

  5. Commentary: RCT of Optimal Dose Methylphenidate in Children and Adolescents with Severe ADHD and ID--A Reply to Arnold (2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonoff, Emily; Taylor, Eric; Baird, Gillian; Bernard, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    The commentary by Arnold (2013) raises a number of interesting issues and speculations about the action of methylphenidate in children with intellectual disability (ID) and associated neurodevelopmental disorders, such as autism spectrum disorders. In our article (Simonoff et al., 2013), we were careful to stick closely to the statistical analysis…

  6. Close but No Cigar (Yet): A Commentary on "Has Consultation Achieved Its Primary Prevention Potential?," an Article by Joseph E. Zins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Love, Kelly Brey

    2007-01-01

    More than a decade ago, Joseph Zins (1995) hypothesized that consultation had the power to prevent children from developing academic, social, emotional, and related problems. To date, empirical research has yet to fully validate its value. This commentary discusses the potential benefit of consultation as a preventive measure, identifies ways to…

  7. A Commentary on the Use of Cut-Scores to Increase the Emphasis of Non-Cognitive Variables in Medical School Admissions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kreiter, Clarence D.

    2007-01-01

    The academic performance consequences of relying solely on non-cognitive factors for selecting applicants above a GPA and MCAT threshold have not been fully considered in the literature. This commentary considers the impact of using a "threshold approach" on academic performance as assessed with the USMLE Step 1.

  8. A Commentary on Etienne Wenger's Keynote Presentation at the 2012 California Association of Professors of Educational Administration (CAPEA) Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirci, Philip; Jungwirth, Linda

    2014-01-01

    This commentary explains and expands upon Wenger's concept of communities of practice. Knowledge construction to improve common practice within a community committed to learning is critical. Vertical and horizontal communication, interactions within and between boundaries of organizations are necessary for creating learning organizations. One…

  9. La obra de Joan de Joanes en el Museo del Ermitage: una nueva atribución

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solovieva, E.

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available En el Museo del Ermitage (St. Petersburgo se conserva un cuadro Virgen con el Niño, los Santos Juanitos y ángel. Ingresó en el museo en 1922 de la ex colección de Osten-Saksen. En 1929 la tabla fue transmitida al fondo de las Antigüedades como una obra de la escuela italiana de los principios del siglo XVI. En 1933 regresó al Ermitage y fue incluida en el inventario del museo como un trabajo de pintor anónimo flamenco del siglo XVI. No fue publicada, ni reproducida. En el cuadro está representada la Virgen con el Niño Jesús sentado en sus rodillas. El niño estrecha en sus brazos la cruz sostenida por un ángel. San Juanito está apoyado sobre las rodillas de María también abrazando la cruz. Enfrente de él, sobre la balaustrada, está una filacteria con las palabras tradicionales: «ecce agnus dei»....

  10. Understanding the rise of Yinao in China: A commentary on the little known phenomenon of healthcare violence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Liuyi; Stone, Teresa E; Zhang, Jingping

    2017-06-01

    Yinao (healthcare disturbance) refers to violent incidents directed against healthcare staff and facilities for financial benefit. In China, incidences of Yinao are widespread and increasing, but little is known of this phenomenon in the wider global community. This commentary investigates the factors behind Yinao to achieve a deeper understanding. Causes include a lack of trust in medical staff, fueled by costly medical expenses; difficulties in accessing treatment; poor treatment outcomes; high patient expectations; a misunderstanding or rejection of medical ethics; misleading media reports; and a complex appeals process. Both doctors and nurses have been the targets of violent and distressing Yinao events, resulting in emotional pain, physical injury, and even death. In response, hospitals have established a series of preventative measures and and the government has increased the penalties for perpetrators of acts of Yinao. The situation is a salient reminder to policymakers worldwide of the importance of an accessible, affordable, and equitable health system. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  11. Flashbacks, intrusions, mind-wandering - Instances of an involuntary memory spectrum: A commentary on Takarangi, Strange, and Lindsay (2014).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Thomas; Otgaar, Henry; Smeets, Tom

    2015-05-01

    In their paper, Takarangi, Strange, and Lindsay (2014) showed in two experiments that participants who had witnessed a shocking film frequently "mind-wandered without awareness" about the content of the film. More importantly, they equated this effect with the occurrence of traumatic intrusions. In this commentary, we argue that the authors adhered to conceptually ambiguous terms, and thereby unintentionally contribute to an already existing conceptual blur in the trauma-memory field. We postulate that clear definitions are urgently needed for phenomena such as intrusions, flashbacks, and mind-wandering, when using them in the context of trauma memory. Furthermore, our proposal is that these phenomena can fall under a spectrum of different involuntary memory instances. We propose that by adopting stricter definitions and viewing them as separate, but interrelated phenomena, different lines of trauma-memory research can be reconciled, which would considerably advance the field.

  12. The social and policy contexts of the New Brunswick Declaration on Research Ethics, Integrity, and Governance: a commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Hoonaard, Will C

    2013-04-01

    This paper explores the social and policy implications of the "New Brunswick Declaration on Research Ethics, Integrity, and Governance" developed at the Ethics Rupture Summit in Fredericton, N.B., Canada, October 2012. It discusses the Declaration and the Summit in relation to the usual criticism and analysis of research ethics regimes, and considers reasons why the immense prior literature has had little impact on regulatory bodies. Because the Declaration, like the Illinois White Paper, has quickly achieved considerable attention relative to most other such documents, and because much further deliberation has evolved since the Summit, we offer here a commentary on each of the eight principles contained in the Declaration in the hope of further stimulating discussion and consolidating the progress that now seems underway.

  13. The H+/O ratio of proton translocation linked to the oxidation of succinate by mitochondria. Reply to a commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehninger, A L; Reynafarje, B; Hendler, R W; Shrager, R I

    1985-11-18

    Costa, L.E., Reynafarje, B. and Lehninger, A.L. [(1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 4802-4811] have reported 'second-generation' measurements of the H+/O ratio approaching 8.0 for vectorial H+ translocation coupled to succinate oxidation by rat liver mitochondria. In a Commentary in this Journal [Krab, K., Soos, J. and Wikström, M. (1984) FEBS Lett. 178, 187-192] it was concluded that the measurements of Costa et al. significantly overestimated the true H+/O stoichiometry. It is shown here that the mathematical simulation on which Krab et al. based this claim is faulty and that data reported by Costa et al. had already excluded the criticism advanced by Krab et al. Also reported are new data, obtained under conditions in which the arguments of Krab et al. are irrelevant, which confirm that the H+/O ratio for succinate oxidation extrapolated to level flow is close to 8.

  14. Foreseeing fates: a commentary on Manton (1928) ‘On the embryology of a mysid crustacean, Hemimysis lamornae’

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akam, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Sidnie Manton became best known for her work on arthropod locomotion, and for proposing radical views on the evolution of arthropods that were accepted for a generation. However, her early training was as an embryologist, and the work that she carried out at the beginning of her career still stands as one of the major twentieth century contributions to the study of crustacean embryology. Here, I review her first major paper, largely completed while she was a graduate student, describing embryonic development in Hemimysis lamornae, a small shrimp-like animal found in the seas around the UK. The clarity of her writing and the quality of her figures set a standard that laid the basis for subsequent work, and although not all of her conclusions have stood the test of time, they remain a standard reference for work today. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. PMID:25750244

  15. Newton shows the light: a commentary on Newton (1672) 'A letter … containing his new theory about light and colours…'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fara, Patricia

    2015-04-13

    Isaac Newton's reputation was initially established by his 1672 paper on the refraction of light through a prism; this is now seen as a ground-breaking account and the foundation of modern optics. In it, he claimed to refute Cartesian ideas of light modification by definitively demonstrating that the refrangibility of a ray is linked to its colour, hence arguing that colour is an intrinsic property of light and does not arise from passing through a medium. Newton's later significance as a world-famous scientific genius and the apparent confirmation of his experimental results have tended to obscure the realities of his reception at the time. This paper explores the rhetorical strategies Newton deployed to convince his audience that his conclusions were certain and unchallengeable. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

  16. Noise exposure, music, and animals in the laboratory: a commentary based on Laboratory Animal Refinement and Enrichment Forum (LAREF) discussions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson-Kane, Emily G; Farnworth, Mark J

    2006-01-01

    The effects of noise, in general, and music, in particular, on the behavior and welfare of animals in the laboratory deserve a great deal of empirical study. However, many laboratories must develop their current practices on the basis of sparse and conflicting data. With this commentary we seek to establish some of the factors that should be taken into account in deciding how to deal with sources of uncontrolled or deliberate sound and, specifically, in determining whether to play music in the laboratory. Views differ, however, the balance of evidence supports the use of quiet music during nonhuman animals' active periods, if this practice is introduced with an awareness of the risks to welfare and research.

  17. Understanding the neurobiology of fear conditioning and emergence of posttraumatic stress disorder psychobiology: commentary on Blanchard et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boscarino, Joseph A; Figley, Charles R

    2012-09-01

    In this article, we discuss the historical evolution of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after the Vietnam War, with a focus on an article by Blanchard, Kolb, Prins, Gates, and McCoy (J Nerv Ment Dis 179:371-373, 1991) published in this Journal in 1991 entitled Changes in Plasma Norepinephrine to Combat-Related Stimuli Among Vietnam Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. In this commentary, we discuss the significance of this brief article and the developments in the PTSD field before, during, and after the Blanchard publication. Within this context, we discuss the eventual recognition in both the clinical and scientific fields that PTSD had a major neurobiological foundation. Finally, we examine the key implication of these discoveries from an epidemiological, a clinical, and a public health perspective.

  18. Statistical versus Musical Significance: Commentary on Leigh VanHandel's 'National Metrical Types in Nineteenth Century Art Song'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justin London

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In “National Metrical Types in Nineteenth Century Art Song” Leigh Van Handel gives a sympathetic critique of William Rothstein’s claim that in western classical music of the late 18th and 19th centuries there are discernable differences in the phrasing and metrical practice of German versus French and Italian composers. This commentary (a examines just what Rothstein means in terms of his proposed metrical typology, (b questions Van Handel on how she has applied it to a purely melodic framework, (c amplifies Van Handel’s critique of Rothstein, and then (d concludes with a rumination on the reach of quantitative (i.e., statistically-driven versus qualitative claims regarding such things as “national metrical types.”

  19. Canadian Society of Nephrology Commentary on the 2012 KDIGO clinical practice guideline for glomerulonephritis: management of glomerulonephritis in adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cybulsky, Andrey V; Walsh, Michael; Knoll, Greg; Hladunewich, Michelle; Bargman, Joanne; Reich, Heather; Humar, Atul; Samuel, Susan; Bitzan, Martin; Zappitelli, Michael; Dart, Allison; Mammen, Cherry; Pinsk, Maury; Muirhead, Norman

    2014-03-01

    The KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) clinical practice guideline for management of glomerulonephritis was recently released. The Canadian Society of Nephrology convened a working group to review the recommendations and comment on their relevancy and applicability to the Canadian context. A subgroup of adult nephrologists reviewed the guideline statements for management of glomerular disease in adults and agreed with most of the guideline statements developed by KDIGO. This commentary highlights areas for which there is lack of evidence and areas in need of translation of evidence into clinical practice. Areas of controversy or uncertainty, including the choice of second-line agents, are discussed in more detail. Existing practice variation also is addressed. The relevance of treatment recommendations to the Canadian practitioner is discussed.

  20. Canadian Society of Nephrology Commentary on the 2012 KDIGO clinical practice guideline for glomerulonephritis: management of nephrotic syndrome in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuel, Susan; Bitzan, Martin; Zappitelli, Michael; Dart, Allison; Mammen, Cherry; Pinsk, Maury; Cybulsky, Andrey V; Walsh, Michael; Knoll, Greg; Hladunewich, Michelle; Bargman, Joanne; Reich, Heather; Humar, Atul; Muirhead, Norman

    2014-03-01

    The KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) clinical practice guideline for management of glomerulonephritis was recently released. The Canadian Society of Nephrology convened a working group to review the recommendations and comment on their relevancy and applicability to the Canadian context. A subgroup of pediatric nephrologists reviewed the guideline statements for management of childhood nephrotic syndrome and agreed with most of the guideline statements developed by KDIGO. This commentary highlights areas in which there is lack of evidence and areas in need of translation of evidence into clinical practice. Areas of controversy or uncertainty, including the length of corticosteroid therapy for the initial presentation and relapses, definitions of steroid resistance, and choice of second-line agents, are discussed in more detail. Existing practice variation is also addressed.

  1. Commentary: Hebephilia--a would-be paraphilia caught in the twilight zone between prepubescence and adulthood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prentky, Robert; Barbaree, Howard

    2011-01-01

    This commentary addresses the controversy surrounding the proposed Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Revision (DSM-5) diagnosis of pedohebephilia. We examine adult male sexual attraction to young pubescent females and whether such attraction is deviant and constitutes a mental disorder, and, independent of that question, whether there is any defensible basis for asserting that hebephilia is a legitimate paraphilia. We conclude our analysis by looking at three profiles: adults with sexualized interest in pre- and postpubescent children, adults with sexualized interest in adult and pubescent adolescent women, and adults with exclusive sexualized interest in young pubescent women. We suggest that in the third instance of exclusivity, the Criterion B requirement of impairment may become critical to legitimizing a diagnosis of hebephilia.

  2. Executive Function in Adolescence: A Commentary on Regulatory Control and Depression in Adolescents: Findings From Neuroimaging and Neuropsychological Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luciana, Monica

    2016-01-01

    This commentary addresses the manner in which executive control processes and their development is impacted by major depressive episodes during adolescence. Strengths of the articles within this special issue include the breadth of executive functions that were examined, incorporation of biological probes to understand neural mechanisms involved in observed impairments, the use of longitudinal paradigms to assess developmental timing, consideration and modeling of comorbid conditions, and the identification of individual difference factors that may serve as both liabilities and resilience factors. This work is timely; a close examination of negative emotions and how they change during adolescence is needed if we are to fully understand motivation-cognition interactions and how they are impaired by psychopathology.

  3. <Individual Paper>The autonomy and the protection of the children and Japanese national role : through examination of the commentary books of the children protection law from the Taisho last years to the Showa early years

    OpenAIRE

    宮盛, 邦友

    2008-01-01

    How didthe Japanese nation regard the " autonomy " and the " protection " in the case of the establislment of the children protection law ? I examine " Syonen Hogo no Houri to Jissai ( Principle of Law and Fact of the Boys Protection ) " (1928) which is the commentary book of the laws about juvenile delinquency edited by Syonen Hogo Fujin Kyokai ( association of the women to protect the boys ) and " Jido Gyakutai Boushi Hou Kaisetsu ( Child Abuse Prevention Law Commentary ) " (1934) which is...

  4. Personality Disorders in DSM-5: A Commentary on the Perceived Process and Outcome of the Proposal of the Personality and Personality Disorders Work Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silk, Kenneth R

    2016-01-01

    There has been much discussion and controversy concerning the process undertaken and the decisions made with respect to the Personality and Personality Disorders Work Group (PPDWG) proposal for DSM-5, as well as the rejection of the work group's final proposal, by the American Psychiatric Association Board of Trustees. This commentary suggests that the way the PPDWG members were selected and the perceived secrecy associated with the PPDWG's deliberations almost assured that, despite the hard work and good intentions of the group members, the proposal would raise controversy and could ultimately fail. This commentary provides a personal perspective on some of the issues, assumptions, and preconceptions that arose between members of different theoretical and conceptual camps within the field of personality disorders. It concludes with suggestions as to how we might avoid these mistakes in the future and also how we might take advantage of the PPDWG's substantive work as we make future attempts to improve diagnosis in the area of personality disorders.

  5. Commentary: The doctor will not see you now--therapist-light therapy for PTSD in children as the way ahead? Reflections on Salloum et al. (2016).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meiser-Stedman, Richard

    2016-05-01

    Salloum and colleagues have presented data in support of a novel and cost-effective approach to the treatment of PTSD in young children. In this commentary, I outline an argument for why their stepped-care model may be an important change to how psychological therapies for trauma-exposed youth are delivered, and propose further caveats that need to be addressed in future research.

  6. Methods of integrating elements of classical Arabic music and Arabic-influenced Jewish music with contemporary western classical music Original compositions and critical commentary

    OpenAIRE

    Yedid, Yitzhak

    2017-01-01

    This folio contains scores and audio recordings of six original compositions together with a critical commentary. In the six compositions I explore new forms of integrating classical Arabic music, Arabic-influenced Jewish music and contemporary Western classical music. I offer various approaches to this exploration and introduce aspects of classical Arabic music and Arabic-influenced Jewish music in a range of different ways and contexts. In some cases the forms of Arabic genres directly infl...

  7. Bone-targeted therapy for metastatic breast cancer—Where do we go from here? A commentary from the BONUS 8 meeting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaofu Zhu

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The annual Bone and The Oncologist New Updates (BONUS 8 conference focuses on the current understanding and dilemmas in the treatment and prevention of bone metastasis in cancer, as well as novel research on bone homeostasis and cancer-induced bone loss. We present commentaries from experts for their own take on where they feel the field of bone-targeted therapies for metastatic breast cancer is moving, or needs to move, if we are to make further progress.

  8. Musical Objects, Cross-Domain Correspondences, and Cultural Choice: Commentary on “Cross-Cultural Representations of Musical Shape” by George Athanasopoulos and Nikki Moran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zohar Eitan

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The target article illustrates deep cross-cultural gaps, involving not only the representation of musical shape but also the notion of a musical object itself. Yet, numerous empirical findings suggest that important cross-modal correspondences involving music and visual dimensions are inborn or learned at infancy, prior to the acquisition of language and most culture-specific behavior. Drawing on recent empirical work, the commentary attempts to reconcile this apparent disparity.

  9. Bone-targeted therapy for metastatic breast cancer-Where do we go from here? A commentary from the BONUS 8 meeting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Xiaofu; Amir, Eitan; Singh, Gurmit; Clemons, Mark; Addison, Christina

    2014-03-01

    The annual Bone and The Oncologist New Updates (BONUS 8) conference focuses on the current understanding and dilemmas in the treatment and prevention of bone metastasis in cancer, as well as novel research on bone homeostasis and cancer-induced bone loss. We present commentaries from experts for their own take on where they feel the field of bone-targeted therapies for metastatic breast cancer is moving, or needs to move, if we are to make further progress.

  10. On Translation of Chinese Folk Culture Based on Skopos Theory-A Case Study of Commentary of Folk Custom Gallery in Ningbo Museum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Tang

    2016-01-01

    Folk culture plays an indispensable role in the Chinese culture. Therefore, as cultural exchanges between countries be-come more and more frequent, promoting the folk culture has a profound effect on enhancement of cultural soft power. Further-more, this paper has explored translation of commentary of Folk Custom Gallery in Ningbo Museum and summarized six trans-lation methods based on Skopos theory.

  11. Preventive impact on corruption in the Republic of Kazakhstan: review of the commentary to the law of the Republic of Kazakhstan «on combating corruption»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrey P. Danilov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective evaluation of the Commentary to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan quotOn combating corruptionquot prepared by a group of authors under the scientific editorship of Doctor of Law N. N. Turetskiy and the assessment of preventative impact on corrupt behaviour in that state based on the the Commentary. Methods universal dialectical method of scientific cognition of social phenomena and processes with application of general scientific methods analysis synthesis comparison used in the modern law. Results the paper gives a positive assessment of the Commentary to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan quotOn combating corruptionquot prepared by a group of authors under the scientific editorship of Doctor of Law N. N. Turetskiy. The tools and mechanisms of preventive impact on corrupt behaviour in the Republic of Kazakhstan are examined and some measures on the improvement of tools and mechanisms for combating corruption in the Russian Federation are suggested with the account of experience accumulated by Kazakhstan specialists.

  12. Medical topics in the De anima commentary of Coimbra (1598) and the Jesuits' attitude towards medicine in education and natural philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sander, Christoph

    2014-01-01

    Early-modern Jesuit universities did not offer studies in medicine, and from 1586 onwards, the Jesuit Ratio studiorum prohibited digressions on medical topics in the Aristotelian curriculum. However, some sixteenth-century Jesuit text books used in philosophy classes provided detailed accounts on physiological issues such as sense perception and its organic location as discussed in Aristotle's De anima II, 7-11. This seeming contradiction needs to be explained. In this paper, I focus on the interst in medical topics manifested in a commentary by the Jesuits of Coimbra. Admittedly, the Coimbra commentary constituted an exception, as the Jesuit college that produced it was integrated in a royal university which had a strong interest in educating physicians. It will be claimed that the exclusion of medicine at Jesuit universities and colleges had its origin in rather incidental events in the course of the foundation of the first Jesuit university in Sicily. There, the lay professors of law and medicine intended to avoid subordination to the Jesuits and thereby provoked a conflict which finally led the Jesuit administration to refrain from including faculties of medicine and law in Jesuit universities. Towards the end of the sixteenth century, a veritable Jesuit animosity towards medicine emerged for philosophical and pedagogical reasons. This development reflects educational concerns within the Society as well as the role of commentaries on Aristotle for early-modern learning.

  13. Additional Commentaries on Manchu and Tibetan Words in the Kangxichao Hanwen Zhupi Zouzhe Huibian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Qiaoyun

    2013-01-01

    the Kangxi period ( 1682 ) became an important na-tional ceremony in the Qing dynasty .The practice of shaolu was supposed to not only improve the quality of the baqi ( the Eight -banner ) officers and soldiers , but also had a very significant politi-cal meaning.“Through the activity of ‘mulan qi-umi’, ( we could) pacify and unite the various tribes of inner and outer Mongolia , and turn them into an important political pillar for maintaining a unified multi -nationality nation .” The explana-tions of shaolu and mulan in hanyu dacidian and zhongguo lishi dacidian ( The Great Chinese Dic-tionary and The Great Dictionary of Chinese History [ The Qing Volume] ) are basically the same , and there are no further explanations to the activity of“shaolu ” or other words which were related to shaolu.In this article , we provide some additional commentaries on them through examining related literature.   2.angbang (昂邦)   “Angbang” (昂邦) , also known as “an-ban” ( 按班) , is the transliteration of a Manchu word.Its original meaning is “big”; and, later it was used to mean “minister”.The Great Chinese Dictionary only notes the word “anban” ( 按班) , and explains this word as:, “Manchu language , meaning minister , also written as angbang (昂邦) .” There is no other documentary evidence;there are only two examples , which moreover did not include angbang (昂邦) .The Great Dictiona-ry of Chinese History included neither “angbang”(昂邦) nor “anban” ( 按班) , but did include the expression “angbang zhangjing” (昂邦章京) .The zhongguo lidai guanzhi dacidian ( The Great Dictionary of Official Institution of Various Dynasties in Chinese History ) explains that “ang-bang” (昂邦) is a Manchu word , and means minister”.The qingshi manyu cidian ( The Qing-History Manchu Language Dictionary ) explains that “anban” ( 按班) is “ also known as ‘ang-bang’ (昂邦), and that it is pronounced in Man

  14. Cancer during pregnancy: what is the role of maternal serum and placental biomarkers? A review and commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizejewski, Gerald J

    2014-01-01

    Cancer during pregnancy, referred to as gestational cancer (GC), is infrequent but can occur in 1.0% of pregnant women. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is often lethal and is the fifth most common cancer worldwide, while breast adenocarcinoma (breast cancer) is the most common cancer seen during pregnancy. Liver and breast carcinomas are two examples of cancer types that present challenges to the obstetrician due to late and/or delayed diagnosis during pregnancy. Delays in diagnosis limit choices available to physicians regarding surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. In view of such clinical situations, a role for maternal serum and placental biomarker (MSPB) screening results contributing to cancer diagnosis should be recognized; overlooking such data in GC could result from a lack of knowledge and understanding of MSPB biology, chemistry, and physiology. In this report, obstetricians and perinatologists seeking a diagnosis are urged to take advantage of available results from MSPB screening programs obtained from first- and second-trimester patient data. Using liver and breast cancer as examples, the present review and commentary seeks to demonstrate that MSPB levels, profiles, patterns, and cellular responses could provide foundational data in planning invasive or noninvasive methods and procedures (biopsy, imaging, scans, surgery) to attain a diagnosis as soon as possible in pregnancy. Finally, MSPB epidemiological and cancer risk studies could aid in providing baseline information for decisions regarding GC diagnosis from knowledge of their proposed roles in reducing lifetime risk of malignancies such as breast cancer.

  15. Away with words: commentary on the Atlan-Cohen essay 'Immune information, self-organization and meaning'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langman, R E; Cohn, M

    1999-06-01

    Drawing on metaphors from linguistics and information theory, Atlan and Cohen challenge us to take a very different view of the immune system, one that engages in constant chatter among the constituents and allows the immune system to arrive at a decision about what to, and not to, destroy. Our commentary responds to this challenge and points out many logical biological flaws in their view. We seem to agree that specificity is important, and that there is some kind of somatic selection process at work to distinguish self from non-self. Our analysis of models depends on the basis of how self and non-self are separated. There are only two possibilities, time or space; and space-based models are all but ruled out. There are two major kinds of time-based model, one based on the time taken for an organism to develop from embryo to adult, the other based on the time taken for a cell to differentiate from one state to another. With so many ambiguities in the metaphors and so little attention to mechanism, the Atlan and Cohen challenge is, we suspect, based on time measured in cell differentiation units. They also make the common mistake of assuming repertoires that are transcendental in size (>10(10)), making it impossible to have a functional immune system in animals smaller than a rabbit--a feature that does not instill confidence in the biological relevance of such models.

  16. Forging patterns and making waves from biology to geology: a commentary on Turing (1952) 'The chemical basis of morphogenesis'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ball, Philip

    2015-04-19

    Alan Turing was neither a biologist nor a chemist, and yet the paper he published in 1952, 'The chemical basis of morphogenesis', on the spontaneous formation of patterns in systems undergoing reaction and diffusion of their ingredients has had a substantial impact on both fields, as well as in other areas as disparate as geomorphology and criminology. Motivated by the question of how a spherical embryo becomes a decidedly non-spherical organism such as a human being, Turing devised a mathematical model that explained how random fluctuations can drive the emergence of pattern and structure from initial uniformity. The spontaneous appearance of pattern and form in a system far away from its equilibrium state occurs in many types of natural process, and in some artificial ones too. It is often driven by very general mechanisms, of which Turing's model supplies one of the most versatile. For that reason, these patterns show striking similarities in systems that seem superficially to share nothing in common, such as the stripes of sand ripples and of pigmentation on a zebra skin. New examples of 'Turing patterns' in biology and beyond are still being discovered today. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

  17. Strategies to promote adherence to nutritional advice in patients with chronic kidney disease: a narrative review and commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beto, Judith A; Schury, Katherine A; Bansal, Vinod K

    2016-01-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) requires extensive changes to food and lifestyle. Poor adherence to diet, medications, and treatments has been estimated to vary between 20% and 70%, which in turn can contribute to increased mortality and morbidity. Delivering effective nutritional advice in patients with CKD coordinates multiple diet components including calories, protein, sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, and fluid. Dietary intake studies have shown difficulty in adhering to the scope and complexity of the CKD diet parameters. No single educational or clinical strategy has been shown to be consistently effective across CKD populations. Highest adherence has been observed when both diet and education efforts are individualized to each patient and adapted over time to changing lifestyle and CKD variables. This narrative review and commentary summarizes nutrition education literature and published strategies for providing nutritional advice in CKD. A cohort of practical and effective strategies for increasing dietary adherence to nutritional advice are provided that include communicating with "talking control" principles, integrating patient-owned technology, acknowledging the typical food pattern may be snacking rather than formal meals, focusing on a single goal rather than multiple goals, creating active learning and coping strategies (frozen sandwiches, visual hands-on activities, planting herb gardens), and involving the total patient food environment.

  18. Strategies to promote adherence to nutritional advice in patients with chronic kidney disease: a narrative review and commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beto JA

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Judith A Beto, Katherine A Schury, Vinod K Bansal Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Loyola University Healthcare System, Loyola University of Chicago, Maywood, IL, USA Abstract: Chronic kidney disease (CKD requires extensive changes to food and lifestyle. Poor adherence to diet, medications, and treatments has been estimated to vary between 20% and 70%, which in turn can contribute to increased mortality and morbidity. Delivering effective nutritional advice in patients with CKD coordinates multiple diet components including calories, protein, sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, and fluid. Dietary intake studies have shown difficulty in adhering to the scope and complexity of the CKD diet parameters. No single educational or clinical strategy has been shown to be consistently effective across CKD populations. Highest adherence has been observed when both diet and education efforts are individualized to each patient and adapted over time to changing lifestyle and CKD variables. This narrative review and commentary summarizes nutrition education literature and published strategies for providing nutritional advice in CKD. A cohort of practical and effective strategies for increasing dietary adherence to nutritional advice are provided that include communicating with "talking control" principles, integrating patient-owned technology, acknowledging the typical food pattern may be snacking rather than formal meals, focusing on a single goal rather than multiple goals, creating active learning and coping strategies (frozen sandwiches, visual hands-on activities, planting herb gardens, and involving the total patient food environment. Keywords: talking control, technology-enhanced learning, hemodialysis, nutrition education, education strategies

  19. Heat, work and subtle fluids: a commentary on Joule (1850) ‘On the mechanical equivalent of heat’

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, John

    2015-01-01

    James Joule played the major role in establishing the conservation of energy, or the first law of thermodynamics, as a universal, all-pervasive principle of physics. He was an experimentalist par excellence and his place in the development of thermodynamics is unarguable. This article discusses Joule's life and scientific work culminating in the 1850 paper, where he presented his detailed measurements of the mechanical equivalent of heat using his famous paddle-wheel apparatus. Joule's long series of experiments in the 1840s leading to his realisation that the conservation of energy was probably of universal validity is discussed in context with the work of other pioneers, notably Sadi Carnot, who effectively formulated the principle of the second law of thermodynamics a quarter of a century before the first law was accepted. The story of Joule's work is a story of an uphill struggle against a critical scientific establishment unwilling to accept the mounting evidence until it was impossible to ignore. His difficulties in attracting funding and publishing in reputable journals despite the quality of his work will resonate with many young scientists and engineers of the present day. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. PMID:25750152

  20. MIRD Commentary: Proposed Name for a Dosimetry Unit Applicable to Deterministic Biological Effects-The Barendsen (Bd)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sgouros, George; Howell, R. W.; Bolch, Wesley E.; Fisher, Darrell R.

    2009-03-02

    The fundamental physical quantity for relating all biologic effects to radiation exposure is the absorbed dose, the energy imparted per unit mass of tissue. Absorbed dose is expressed in units of joules per kilogram (J/kg) and is given the special name gray (Gy). Exposure to ionizing radiation may cause both deterministic and stochastic biologic effects. To account for the relative effect per unit absorbed dose that has been observed for different types of radiation, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) has established radiation weighting factors for stochastic effects. The product of absorbed dose in Gy and the radiation weighting factor is defined as the equivalent dose. Equivalent dose values are designated by a special named unit, the sievert (Sv). Unlike the situation for stochastic effects, no well-defined formalism and associated special named quantities have been widely adopted for deterministic effects. The therapeutic application of radionuclides and, specifically, -particle emitters in nuclear medicine has brought to the forefront the need for a well-defined dosimetry formalism applicable to deterministic effects that is accompanied by corresponding special named quantities. This commentary reviews recent proposals related to this issue and concludes with a recommendation to establish a new named quantity.

  1. Gossamer Threads: Commentary on the Impact of Digital Technology on the Developing Brain and the Capacity for Empathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bjorklund, Pamela

    2016-01-01

    This essay explores the impact of digital technology on brain development and other areas of human growth including the capacity for empathy, which is fundamental to successful relationships, is an essential survival skill, and is an important source of moral knowledge. Reflections on a teenaged daughter's immersion in technology, coupled with evidence for the mixed consequences of such, weave together the gossamer threads of disparate, sometimes conflicting information about the explosion of digital technology over the past few decades, the impossibility of multitasking, the mixed effects of digital technology on brain development, and what it all might mean for human development generally and the moral capacity for empathic response in particular. While the essence of the commentary is intentionally interdisciplinary and weaves together disparate threads of multidisciplinary knowledge, it has important implications for nursing-with its relational core, unique as well as shared bodies of moral and scientific knowledge, and interprofessional health care goals to maximize human growth and well-being across the life span in both health and illness.

  2. Border Crossings: A Commentary on Henkjan Honing's "On the Growing Role of Observation, Formalization and Experimental Method in Musicology"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas Cook

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available In the early twentieth century systematic musicology, which was based on the comparative method, played a prominent role in the discipline: however it was appropriated by the Nazis and fell out of favour after the war. It was replaced by ethnomusicology and structuralist music theory, both of which emphasized the individual context (cultural or structural and eschewed comparison between contexts. Both also developed an epistemology based on the generation of meaning through the act of "experiencing and understanding music" (Titon 1997: 87: this epistemology, characteristic of cultural musicology and theory (CMT in general, is quite distinct from that of the cognitive sciences of music (CSM. The otherwise confusing variety of musicological practices subsumed under the category "systematic musicology", as set out in Honing's article on which this is a commentary, can be usefully seen in terms of two distinct dimensions, those of method and of epistemology. It follows from this that empirical methods are as consistent with, and as potentially valuable to, CMT as they are to CSM, and that EMR has the potential to reach both constituencies.

  3. Gases, God and the balance of nature: a commentary on Priestley (1772) ‘Observations on different kinds of air’

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEvoy, John G.

    2015-01-01

    Historians of chemistry usually associate the eighteenth century with the Chemical Revolution, but it could just as readily be called ‘the century of gases’ (or ‘airs’, as they were called in the eighteenth century). In the early part of the century, the British pneumatic chemists struggled to replace the traditional notion ‘Air’, understood as an inert chemical element, with the concept of ‘air’, regarded as the third state of matter, encompassing a wide variety of chemical species. These developments constituted a necessary condition for the Chemical Revolution, which occurred in the latter part of the century. In ‘Observations’, Priestley took pneumatic chemistry to a new level, with the discovery of eight simple inorganic gases. Motivated by his belief in a benevolent God and a pious utilitarianism, Priestly explored the role of the atmosphere in the balance of nature and the politics of the state, which he linked to the movement of Rational Dissent. He styled himself an ‘aerial philosopher’ to signal the interdisciplinary nature of his inquiries, which he regarded not as a branch of ordinary chemistry, but as a mode of thought that encompassed physics, chemistry and natural theology. Priestley saw it as a source of principles and secrets of nature more extensive than that of ‘gravity itself’. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. PMID:25750146

  4. The prevention and eradication of smallpox: a commentary on Sloane (1755) ‘An account of inoculation’

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Robin A.; Esparza, José

    2015-01-01

    Sir Hans Sloane's account of inoculation as a means to protect against smallpox followed several earlier articles published in Philosophical Transactions on this procedure. Inoculation (also called ‘variolation’) involved the introduction of small amounts of infectious material from smallpox vesicles into the skin of healthy subjects, with the goal of inducing mild symptoms that would result in protection against the more severe naturally acquired disease. It began to be practised in England in 1721 thanks to the efforts of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu who influenced Sloane to promote its use, including the inoculation of the royal family's children. When Edward Jenner's inoculation with the cow pox (‘vaccination’) followed 75 years later as a safer yet equally effective procedure, the scene was set for the eventual control of smallpox epidemics culminating in the worldwide eradication of smallpox in 1977, officially proclaimed by WHO in 1980. Here, we discuss the significance of variolation and vaccination with respect to scientific, public health and ethical controversies concerning these ‘weapons of mass protection’. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. PMID:25750241

  5. Commentary: How ethanol short-circuits the cerebellum-actions on Golgi cells in freely-moving animals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freund, Ronald K

    2012-11-01

    This commentary discusses the important contributions of the article published in this journal by Huang and colleagues, titled, "Acute ethanol exposure increases firing and induces oscillations in cerebellar Golgi cells of freely moving rats." In this manuscript, Huang and colleagues present a number of interesting and important findings. While it has been shown previously that ethanol (EtOH) causes an increase in the firing of cerebellar Golgi cells in brain slice preparations and anesthetized animals, here the authors provide the first evidence that this action of EtOH occurs in vivo in freely moving, unanesthetized animals. These results also enhance our understanding of cerebellar functioning by describing the mechanism by which EtOH essentially de-afferentates (blocks specific inputs to) the cerebellum from the normal processing of sensory signals due to EtOH-induced Golgi neuron excitation, resulting in inhibition of granule cells. Furthermore, the authors characterize the novel observation of EtOH-induced neuronal oscillations, which was not previously observed in other preparations.

  6. Understanding the role of the news media in HPV vaccine uptake in the United States: Synthesis and commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gollust, Sarah E; LoRusso, Susan M; Nagler, Rebekah H; Fowler, Erika Franklin

    2016-06-02

    Vaccination rates for the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine fall below targets and only 2 states and the District of Columbia require the vaccine for middle school-age children. Messages conveyed through news media-to parents, providers, policymakers, and the general public-may contribute to sluggish vaccination rates and policy action. In this commentary, we review the findings from 13 published studies of news media coverage of the HPV vaccine in the United States since FDA licensure in 2006. We find 2 important themes in news coverage: a rising focus on political controversy and a consistent emphasis on the vaccine as for girls, even beyond the point when the vaccine was recommended for boys. These political and gendered messages have consequences for public understanding of the vaccine. Future research should continue to monitor news media depictions of the HPV vaccine to assess whether political controversy will remain a pronounced theme of coverage or whether the media ultimately depict the vaccine as a routine public health service.

  7. A stale challenge to the philosophy of science: commentary on "Is psychology based on a methodological error?" by Michael Schwarz.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruck, Nora; Slunecko, Thomas

    2010-06-01

    In his article "Is psychology based on a methodological error?" and based on a quite convincing empirical basis, Michael Schwarz offers a methodological critique of one of mainstream psychology's key test theoretical axioms, i.e., that of the in principle normal distribution of personality variables. It is characteristic of this paper--and at first seems to be a strength of it--that the author positions his critique within a frame of philosophy of science, particularly positioning himself in the tradition of Karl Popper's critical rationalism. When scrutinizing Schwarz's arguments, however, we find Schwarz's critique profound only as an immanent critique of test theoretical axioms. We raise doubts, however, as to Schwarz's alleged 'challenge' to the philosophy of science because the author not at all seems to be in touch with the state of the art of contemporary philosophy of science. Above all, we question the universalist undercurrent that Schwarz's 'bio-psycho-social model' of human judgment boils down to. In contrast to such position, we close our commentary with a plea for a context- and culture sensitive philosophy of science.

  8. Learned modesty and the first lady's comet: a commentary on Caroline Herschel (1787) 'An account of a new comet'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winterburn, Emily

    2015-04-13

    Long before women were allowed to become Fellows of the Royal Society, or obtain university degrees, one woman managed to get her voice heard, her discovery verified and her achievement celebrated. That woman was Caroline Herschel, who, as this paper will discuss, managed to find ways to fit comet discoveries into her domestic life, and present them in ways that were socially acceptable. Caroline lived in a time when strict rules dictated how women (and men) should behave and present themselves and their work. Caroline understood these rules, and used them carefully as she announced each discovery, starting with this comet which she found in 1786. Caroline discovered her comets at a time when astronomers were mainly concerned with position, identifying where things were and how they were moving. Since her discoveries, research has moved on, as astronomers, using techniques from other fields, and most recently sending experiments into space, have learned more about what comets are and what they can tell us about our solar system. Caroline's paper marks one small, early step in this much bigger journey to understand comets. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.

  9. 'Spirit' and 'Letter' of the moral law: Text and commentary in the hermeneutics of German idealism II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milisavljević Vladimir

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The first part of this paper, published in the previous issue of the review was intended to expose the religious origins of the duality between 'Spirit' and 'Letter' as well as its meaning in the general philosophical context of early German idealism. This second and final part of the paper is focused on the ethical implications of this question, since the opposing of the 'Spirit' of Kant's System to its 'Letter', backed by frequent references to the Christian fulfillment of the Mosaic Law through love or faith, represented one of the principal resources of contemporary critiques of his moral philosophy. The final consequence of this line of criticism of Kant lies in the suppression of the authority of a transcendent moral norm. This step which at the same time abolishes the authority of the text, and hence the reverent attitude of the commentary as a literal genre, can be observed as early as in Hegel's theological youth writings, which advocate the suppression of the transcendent moral law by means of its integration in free subjectivity which exists in the community of believing Christians.

  10. The birth of the electric machines: a commentary on Faraday (1832) ‘Experimental researches in electricity’

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Khalili, Jim

    2015-01-01

    The history of science is filled with examples of key discoveries and breakthroughs that have been published as landmark texts or journal papers, and to which one can trace the origins of whole disciplines. Such paradigm-shifting publications include Copernicus' De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (1543), Isaac Newton's Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1687) and Albert Einstein's papers on relativity (1905 and 1915). Michael Faraday's 1832 paper on electromagnetic induction sits proudly among these works and in a sense can be regarded as having an almost immediate effect in transforming our world in a very real sense more than any of the others listed. Here we review the status of the subject—the relationship between magnetism and electricity both before and after Faraday's paper and delve into the details of the key experiments he carried out at the Royal Institution outlining clearly how he discovered the process of electromagnetic induction, whereby an electric current could be induced to flow through a conductor that experiences a changing magnetic field. His ideas would not only enable Maxwell's later development of his theory of classical electromagnetism, but would directly lead to the development of the electric dynamo and electric motor, two technological advances that are the very foundations of the modern world. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. PMID:25750145

  11. Rethinking the Concept of Brilliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polyzoi, Eleoussa; Haydey, Donna Copsey

    2012-01-01

    Despite the richness of Joan Freeman's ethnographic approach to help us define the elusive qualities of giftedness from a personal, lived-experience perspective in "A Quality of Giftedness," she does not offer guidance on strategies for supporting individuals' talents over the lifespan. This commentary states that while Freeman's writing…

  12. Generally representative is representative of none: commentary on the pitfalls of IQ test standardization in multicultural settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuttleworth-Edwards, A B

    2016-10-01

    The aim of this paper is to address the issue of IQ testing within the multicultural context, with a focus on the adequacy of nationwide population-based norms vs. demographically stratified within-group norms for valid assessment purposes. Burgeoning cultural diversity worldwide creates a pressing need to cultivate culturally fair psychological assessment practices. Commentary is provided to highlight sources of test-taking bias on tests of intellectual ability that may incur invalid placement and diagnostic decisions in multicultural settings. Methodological aspects of population vs. within-group norming solutions are delineated and the challenges of culturally relevant norm development are discussed. Illustrative South African within-group comparative data are supplied to support the review. A critical evaluation of the South African WAIS-III and the WAIS-IV standardizations further serves to exemplify the issues. A flaw in both South African standardizations is failure to differentiate between African first language individuals with a background of advantaged education vs. those from educationally disadvantaged settings. In addition, the standardizations merge the performance outcomes of distinct racial/ethnic groups that are characterized by differentially advantaged or disadvantaged backgrounds. Consequently, the conversion tables are without relevance for any one of the disparate South African cultural groups. It is proposed that the traditional notion of a countrywide unitary norming (also known as 'population-based norms') of an IQ test is an unsatisfactory model for valid assessment practices in diverse cultural contexts. The challenge is to develop new solutions incorporating data from finely stratified within-group norms that serve to reveal rather than obscure cross-cultural disparity in cognitive test performance.

  13. Commentary: a practical guide for translating basic research on affective science to implementing physiology in clinical child and adolescent assessments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldao, Amelia; De Los Reyes, Andres

    2015-01-01

    The National Institute of Mental Health recently launched the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC). RDoC is a framework that facilitates the dimensional assessment and classification of processes relevant to mental health (e.g., affect, regulation, cognition, social affiliation), as reflected in measurements across multiple units of analysis (e.g., physiology, circuitry, genes, self-reports). A key focus of RDoC involves opening new lines of research examining patients' responses on biological measures, with the key goal of developing new therapeutic techniques that effectively target mechanisms of mental disorders. Yet applied researchers and practitioners rarely use biological measures within mental health assessments, which may present challenges in translating RDoC-guided research into improvements in patient care. Thus, if RDoC is to result in research that yields clinical tools that reduce the burden of mental illness and improve public health, we ought to develop strategies for effectively implementing biological measures in the context of clinical assessments. In this special issue, we sought to provide an initial step in this direction by assembling a collection of articles from leading research teams carrying out pioneering work on implementing multimodal assessments (biological, subjective, behavioral) of affective processes in applied settings. In this commentary, we expand upon the work presented in this special issue by making a series of suggestions for how to most parsimoniously conduct multimodal assessments of affective processes in applied research and clinical settings. We hope that this approach will facilitate translations of the RDoC framework into applied research and clinic settings.

  14. The theory on `gravity-driven horizontal locomotion' is flawed; a commentary on `Gravity-driven horizontal locomotion: theory and experiment' by Kanstad & Kononoff (2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    `Knoek'van Soest, A. J.; Kistemaker, D. A.; Bobbert, M. F.; Lemaire, K. K.

    2017-01-01

    In a recent paper, Kanstad & Kononoff (Proc. R. Soc. A 471, 20150287. (doi:10.1098/rspa.2015.0287)) presented a theoretical analysis of the mechanical energetics of a particular style of human walking and running. According to their analysis, the force of gravity provides energy when this style of horizontal walking/running is adopted. Furthermore, Kanstad & Kononoff suggested that uphill walking at zero energy cost is possible when the suggested style of walking is adopted. In this commentary, we argue that these claims violate the basic laws of thermodynamics, and are based on erroneous application of the basic laws of classical mechanics.

  15. Commentary on "Health care organizations as complex systems: new perspectives on design and management" by Reuben R. McDaniel, Dean J. Driebe, and Holly Jordan Lanham.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Ruth A

    2013-01-01

    In this commentary, I highlight a few of the assertions made by McDaniel et al. (2013) about the importance of complexity science guided management practices, and extend these ideas specifically to how we might think about reducing seemingly intractable problems in health care such as patient safety, patient falls, hospital acquired infection, and the rise of chronic illness and obesity. I suggest that such changes will require managers and providers to view health care organizations and patients as complex adaptive systems and include patients as full participants in co-producing their health care.

  16. Hans Rose, Commentary to Heinrich Wölfflin, Renaissance and Baroque, fourth edition, Munich: Bruckmann, 1926, 181-328, translation by Arnold Witte and Andrew Hopkins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnold Witte

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Commentary by Hans Rose was published as an appendix to the fourth edition of Heinrich Wölfflin’s Renaissance und Barock - eine Untersuchung über Wesen und Entstehung des Barockstils in Italien, published in 1926. It was almost as long as the original text by Wölfflin and intended to discuss the new approaches on the Italian Baroque developed in German academia in the 1920s. It was divided up into four sections of unequal length, which discuss Subjectivism, Material and Colour, Urban Planning, and St Peter’s respectively.

  17. A question of our marketing or our preconceptions: commentary on the paper 'a strategy for human factors/ergonomics: developing the discipline and profession'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nathanael, Dimitris; Marmaras, Nicolas

    2012-01-01

    The present paper is a commentary on the recently published IEA strategy for human factors/ergonomics (Dul, J., et al. (2012), A strategy for human factors/ergonomics: developing the discipline and profession. Ergonomics, 55(4), 377-395). Two main issues that demand attention are: (i) the way others understand our profession and discipline, and (ii) the way we understand our profession and added value to industry. First, it is advocated that the discussion on the future of human factors/ergonomics (HFE) should be focused more on the quality of the delivered value of HFE and less on its visibility and marketing. Second, the three fundamental characteristics of HFE, as proposed in the report, are discussed and the consequences of this proposal are further developed. Arguments are put forward on the endemic epistemological vagueness within the discipline and on the optimistic definition of its aim. Finally, a proposal is made at the epistemological level, which challenges some established convictions of the discipline. It is advocated that such an epistemological evolution may be necessary if HFE is to make progress towards contributing to system performance. The paper is a commentary on the IEA strategy for human factors/ergonomics. Issues discussed are, the way others understand our profession and the way we understand our profession and added value to industry. Some of the established convictions of the discipline are challenged and proposals are made to overcome these.

  18. 《左传》“以”的语法化研究%On the Study of Grammaticalization of the“Yi”in The Zuo Commentaries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭浩瑜

    2016-01-01

    The“Yi”in The Zuo Commentaries was a word with abundant meaning and complex function. The grammaticalization of“Yi” in The Zuo Commentaries was very complicated because it reflected different developing levels. The characteristics of “Yi” in lexical meaning and grammatical function proved that the semantic change of“Yi” along with the grammaticalization of“Yi” and the function of“Yi” didn’t advance side by side.%《左传》中的“以”意义丰富,功能复杂,它凝固了先秦“以”语法化的不同层次的成果,呈现出错综复杂的现象。“以”在语法功能和词汇意义上的特点说明,“以”的词义虚化、功能发展以及“以”所在结构的语法化,不是齐头并进、整齐划一的。

  19. Commentary on: Are we overpathologizing everyday life? A tenable blueprint for behavioral addiction research. Problems with atheoretical and confirmatory research approaches in the study of behavioral addictions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kardefelt-Winther, Daniel

    2015-09-01

    This commentary is written in response to a paper by Billieux, Schimmenti, Khazaal, Maurage and Hereen (2015) published in the Journal of Behavioral Addictions. It supports and extends the arguments by Billieux, Schimmenti et al. (2015): that the study of behavioral addictions too often rests on atheoretical and confirmatory research approaches. This tends to lead to theories that lack specificity and a neglect of the underlying processes that might explain why repetitive problem behaviors occur. In this commentary I extend the arguments by Billieux, Schimmenti et al. (2015) and argue that such research approaches might take us further away from conceptualizing psychiatric diagnoses that can be properly validated, which is already a problem in the field. Furthermore, I discuss whether the empirical support for conceptualizing repetitive problem behaviors as addictions might rest on research practices that have been methodologically biased to produce a result congruent with the proposal that substance addictions and behavioral addictions share similar traits. I conclude by presenting a number of ways of going forward, chief of which is the proposal that we might wish to go beyond a priori assumptions of addiction in favor of identifying the essential problem manifestations for each new potential behavioral addiction.

  20. Brazilian Social Psychology in the international context: a commentary A Psicologia Social brasileira no cenário internacional: um comentário

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joaquim Pires Valentim

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The present paper is a commentary on the talks given by Torres and Álvaro and by Krüger regarding Brazilian Social Psychology in the international context. Starting with a brief contrast with the situation in Portugal, this commentary next approaches, in a synthetic way, questions that cut across social psychology in the international setting, namely, those related with the recurrent dichotomy individual/collective, the great advances in social neuroscience, the study of minorities, the scarcity of psychosocial research about colonialism, and lastly, contemporary issues of science and educational policy.Faz-se aqui um comentário às intervenções de Torres e Álvaro e de Krüger sobre a Psicologia Social brasileira no cenário internacional. Começando por estabelecer um breve contraste com a situação em Portugal, de seguida este comentário aborda, de forma sintética, questões transversais à psicologia social no cenário internacional, designadamente as que se relacionam com a recorrente dicotomia individual/coletivo, os enormes avanços na neurociência social, o estudo das minorias, a escassez de estudos psicossociais sobre o colonialismo e, por último, questões contemporâneas de política científica e de ensino.