WorldWideScience

Sample records for machine design magazine

  1. Automatic design of magazine covers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jahanian, Ali; Liu, Jerry; Tretter, Daniel R.; Lin, Qian; Damera-Venkata, Niranjan; O'Brien-Strain, Eamonn; Lee, Seungyon; Fan, Jian; Allebach, Jan P.

    2012-03-01

    In this paper, we propose a system for automatic design of magazine covers that quantifies a number of concepts from art and aesthetics. Our solution to automatic design of this type of media has been shaped by input from professional designers, magazine art directors and editorial boards, and journalists. Consequently, a number of principles in design and rules in designing magazine covers are delineated. Several techniques are derived and employed in order to quantify and implement these principles and rules in the format of a software framework. At this stage, our framework divides the task of design into three main modules: layout of magazine cover elements, choice of color for masthead and cover lines, and typography of cover lines. Feedback from professional designers on our designs suggests that our results are congruent with their intuition.

  2. When Machines Design Machines!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    Until recently we were the sole designers, alone in the driving seat making all the decisions. But, we have created a world of complexity way beyond human ability to understand, control, and govern. Machines now do more trades than humans on stock markets, they control our power, water, gas...... and food supplies, manage our elevators, microclimates, automobiles and transport systems, and manufacture almost everything. It should come as no surprise that machines are now designing machines. The chips that power our computers and mobile phones, the robots and commercial processing plants on which we...... depend, all are now largely designed by machines. So what of us - will be totally usurped, or are we looking at a new symbiosis with human and artificial intelligences combined to realise the best outcomes possible. In most respects we have no choice! Human abilities alone cannot solve any of the major...

  3. 数控铣镗床头库附件头自动更换管理软件开发设计%Design and development on AAC control software of multilayer head magazine for CNC milling-boring machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志兵; 孙志强

    2011-01-01

    以数控落地铣镗床头库附件头自动更换,配备西门子840D数控系统为例,介绍了基于CNC和PLC控制程序,并融合了用户变量、用户宏变量指令及DRP双口RAM数据交换等功能的,一种开发设计机床功能控制软件的方法,供参考.%Taking AAC control software of CNC floor type milling-boring machine with multilayer head magazine and Siemens 840D for example. Introducing a design and development measure on the application of technique of CNC and PLC programming, combining with the functions sach as UGDB, UMAC and DRP data exchange.

  4. Screen Time: Alumni Magazines Have Their Designs on Mobile Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Theresa

    2011-01-01

    Alumni magazines have their designs on mobile devices. The efforts are tied together, no matter the platform, by a desire for the magazine to be where its readers are and a spirit of experimentation that is akin to what is happening with social media. None of the magazine editors went into this process with any numerical expectations for…

  5. Design of Demining Machines

    CERN Document Server

    Mikulic, Dinko

    2013-01-01

    In constant effort to eliminate mine danger, international mine action community has been developing safety, efficiency and cost-effectiveness of clearance methods. Demining machines have become necessary when conducting humanitarian demining where the mechanization of demining provides greater safety and productivity. Design of Demining Machines describes the development and testing of modern demining machines in humanitarian demining.   Relevant data for design of demining machines are included to explain the machinery implemented and some innovative and inspiring development solutions. Development technologies, companies and projects are discussed to provide a comprehensive estimate of the effects of various design factors and to proper selection of optimal parameters for designing the demining machines.   Covering the dynamic processes occurring in machine assemblies and their components to a broader understanding of demining machine as a whole, Design of Demining Machines is primarily tailored as a tex...

  6. Precision machine design

    CERN Document Server

    Slocum, Alexander H

    1992-01-01

    This book is a comprehensive engineering exploration of all the aspects of precision machine design - both component and system design considerations for precision machines. It addresses both theoretical analysis and practical implementation providing many real-world design case studies as well as numerous examples of existing components and their characteristics. Fast becoming a classic, this book includes examples of analysis techniques, along with the philosophy of the solution method. It explores the physics of errors in machines and how such knowledge can be used to build an error budget for a machine, how error budgets can be used to design more accurate machines.

  7. Tribology in machine design

    CERN Document Server

    Stolarski, Tadeusz

    1999-01-01

    ""Tribology in Machine Design is strongly recommended for machine designers, and engineers and scientists interested in tribology. It should be in the engineering library of companies producing mechanical equipment.""Applied Mechanics ReviewTribology in Machine Design explains the role of tribology in the design of machine elements. It shows how algorithms developed from the basic principles of tribology can be used in a range of practical applications within mechanical devices and systems.The computer offers today's designer the possibility of greater stringen

  8. Fundamentals of machine design

    CERN Document Server

    Karaszewski, Waldemar

    2011-01-01

    A forum of researchers, educators and engineers involved in various aspects of Machine Design provided the inspiration for this collection of peer-reviewed papers. The resultant dissemination of the latest research results, and the exchange of views concerning the future research directions to be taken in this field will make the work of immense value to all those having an interest in the topics covered. The book reflects the cooperative efforts made in seeking out the best strategies for effecting improvements in the quality and the reliability of machines and machine parts and for extending

  9. Design of the Bruce and Darlington universal delivery machine heads

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gray, M.G. [GE Canada Nuclear Products, Peterborough, Ontario (Canada)]. E-mail: mike.gray@cdnnuc.ge.com; Brown, R. [OPG Inspection Services Div., Bruce Nuclear Power Development, Tiverton, Ontario (Canada)

    2003-07-01

    The Universal Delivery Machine was designed and supplied to reduce the time required to perform channel inspection services. The Bruce UDM was the first to be completed followed by Pickering and Darlington. The Bruce and Darlington machines are nearly identical. Design concepts applied include a rotating, multiple tool station magazine, a rigid chain driving telescoping rams, a common drive package, and an external support frame to meet seismic qualification requirements. (author)

  10. Universal delivery machine - design of the Bruce and Darlington heads

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gray, M.G. [GE Canada Nuclear Products, Peterborough, Ontario (Canada); Brown, R. [OPG Inspection Services Division and Bruce Nuclear Power Development, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

    2003-12-01

    The Universal Delivery Machine (UDM) was designed and supplied to reduce the time required to perform channel inspection services. The Bruce UDM was the first to be completed followed by Pickering and Darlington. The Bruce and Darlington machines are nearly identical. Design concepts applied include a rotating, multiple tool station magazine, a rigid chain driving telescoping rams, a common drive package, and an external support frame to meet seismic qualification requirements. (author)

  11. Design of rotating electrical machines

    CERN Document Server

    Pyrhonen , Juha; Hrabovcova , Valeria

    2013-01-01

    In one complete volume, this essential reference presents an in-depth overview of the theoretical principles and techniques of electrical machine design. This timely new edition offers up-to-date theory and guidelines for the design of electrical machines, taking into account recent advances in permanent magnet machines as well as synchronous reluctance machines. New coverage includes: Brand new material on the ecological impact of the motors, covering the eco-design principles of rotating electrical machinesAn expanded section on the design of permanent magnet synchronous machines, now repo

  12. Tribology in machine design

    CERN Document Server

    Stolarski, T A

    1990-01-01

    Tribology in Machine Design aims to promote a better appreciation of the increasingly important role played by tribology at the design stage in engineering. This book shows how algorithms developed from the basic principles of tribology can be used in a range of practical applications. The concept of tribodesign is introduced in Chapter 1. Chapter 2 is devoted to a brief discussion of the basic principles of tribology, including some concepts and models of lubricated wear and friction under complex kinematic conditions. Elements of contact mechanics, presented in Chapter 3, are confined to the

  13. Design of Sugarcane Peeling Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ge Xinfeng

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In order to solve the problem that appeared in hand peeling sugarcane, the sugarcane peeling machine is designed, the sugarcane peeling machine includes motor, groove wheel, cutting room, slider crank mechanism, reducer (including belt drive, chain drive and so on. The designed sugarcane peeling machine is simulated, the results show that the sugarcane peeling machine can peel sugarcane successfully with convenient, fast and uniform.

  14. "Vogue," 1892-1928: An Historical Look at the Evolution of One Magazine's Editorial-Advertising-Design Mix.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prior, Marcia R.

    The careful integration of editorial content, graphic design, and advertising to create a successful magazine package is not a phenomenon of the last half of the twentieth century. As early as the 1890s, the first publishers of "Vogue" magazine had established an editorial-advertising-design mix in the fashion magazine that was…

  15. "Vogue," 1892-1928: An Historical Look at the Evolution of One Magazine's Editorial-Advertising-Design Mix.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prior, Marcia R.

    The careful integration of editorial content, graphic design, and advertising to create a successful magazine package is not a phenomenon of the last half of the twentieth century. As early as the 1890s, the first publishers of "Vogue" magazine had established an editorial-advertising-design mix in the fashion magazine that was…

  16. Mechanical design of walking machines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arikawa, Keisuke; Hirose, Shigeo

    2007-01-15

    The performance of existing actuators, such as electric motors, is very limited, be it power-weight ratio or energy efficiency. In this paper, we discuss the method to design a practical walking machine under this severe constraint with focus on two concepts, the gravitationally decoupled actuation (GDA) and the coupled drive. The GDA decouples the driving system against the gravitational field to suppress generation of negative power and improve energy efficiency. On the other hand, the coupled drive couples the driving system to distribute the output power equally among actuators and maximize the utilization of installed actuator power. First, we depict the GDA and coupled drive in detail. Then, we present actual machines, TITAN-III and VIII, quadruped walking machines designed on the basis of the GDA, and NINJA-I and II, quadruped wall walking machines designed on the basis of the coupled drive. Finally, we discuss walking machines that travel on three-dimensional terrain (3D terrain), which includes the ground, walls and ceiling. Then, we demonstrate with computer simulation that we can selectively leverage GDA and coupled drive by walking posture control.

  17. A Simplified Design with a Toothed Belt and Non-Circular Pulleys to Separate Parts from a Magazine File

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanke, U.; Modler, K.-H.; Neumann, R.; Fischer, C.

    The objective of this paper is to simplify a very complex guidance mechanism, currently used for lid separating issues in a packaging-machine. The task of this machine is to pick up a lid from a magazine file, rotate it around 180° and place it on tins. The developed mechanism works successfully but with a very complex construction. It consists of a planetary cam mechanism, combined with a toothed gear (with a constant transmission ratio) and a guiding mechanism with a toothed belt and circular pulleys. Such complex constructions are very common in industrial solutions. The idea of the authors is to show a much simpler design in solving the same problem. They developed a guidance mechanism realizing the same function, consisting only of a toothed belt with non-circular pulleys. The used parts are common trade articles.

  18. Design of Waste Shredder Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asst. Prof. S.Nithyananth

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The conventional agro-waste disposal is a traditional and oldest method of waste disposal in which agriculture wastes are dumped as it is to degrade in a particular place for decomposing. As the wastes are dumped as such, it takes more time to degrade and it causes environmental pollution. The waste shredder machine aims to reduce the agro waste and convert it into useful nourishing fertilizer. It decreases the man work making the farm neat and clean. Also it reduces the heap amount of pollution, disease causing agro-wastes and produces a better fertilizer with vermin compost. The waste shredder machine is an attachment as like a ploughing attachment. In the shredder attachment input power and rigid support is provided by a KAMCO Tera-trac 4W tractor by means of PTO (power take off shaft and three point linkage. PTO shaft of the tractor acts as a basic power input and the three point linkage provide a rigid support to the machine. Various kinds of blades are used for chipping and powdering operations like sawing blades, rotatory blades, and triangular shape blades. The blades are mounted on the shaft. The power is transmitted to another shaft by means of pulley and belt. For designing waste shredder machine, Creo parametric 1.0 software is used.

  19. Design of equipment for training machine tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Císar Miroslav

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The article proposes multiple devices designed to be used with training machine tools EMCO Concept series. Design was focused to enchant educational potential of training machine tools located in the laboratory of CNC programing, department of automation and production systems, Faculty of mechanical engineering, University of Zilina. The described device allows monitoring of machine tool, to measure tool offset and dimension, to use alternative ways of clamping, and to create video of machining.

  20. Learning from Students: Reflections from Personal Magazines in Basic Design Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelmez, Koray; Bagli, Humanur

    2015-01-01

    Reflective writing is an efficient way of getting feedback from students. Paper-based or web-based course evaluation questionnaires alone may lack of collecting specific and detailed information, especially for the fields like design education. This study focuses on reflections captured from students via two different media--personal magazine and…

  1. Children´s magazines

    OpenAIRE

    BJALKOVOVÁ, Nela

    2014-01-01

    Thesis deals with the study of children's magazines with a focus on students first primary school. The work is focused on the use of language, graphic design, the aim and content of magazines for this age group. Furthermore, there also addresses the issue of online magazines compared to arbitrarily marketable magazines. The theoretical part focuses on the individual child reading a history of the magazine. The thesis is conducted to map the problems of children's magazines with a focus on pra...

  2. Mechatronic design of a reconfigurable machining machine

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Xing, B

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available . Full scale RMM. D. RMM Control System Design The PC-based control system for the RMM was implemented using an Eagle MicroDAQ Data Acquisition Box USB-120A as illustrated in Figure 8. Based on its corresponding EDR software developer’s kit, a series... card has been made in the research lab as shown in Figure 11. Fig. 11. PWM motor controller card. In keeping with the modular control protocol, the development of RMM control system was decomposed into four control modules as follows...

  3. Asynchronous sequential machine design and analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Tinder, Richard

    2009-01-01

    Asynchronous Sequential Machine Design and Analysis provides a lucid, in-depth treatment of asynchronous state machine design and analysis presented in two parts: Part I on the background fundamentals related to asynchronous sequential logic circuits generally, and Part II on self-timed systems, high-performance asynchronous programmable sequencers, and arbiters.Part I provides a detailed review of the background fundamentals for the design and analysis of asynchronous finite state machines (FSMs). Included are the basic models, use of fully documented state diagrams, and the design and charac

  4. Design of a hydraulic bending machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steven G. Hankel; Marshall Begel

    2004-01-01

    To keep pace with customer demands while phasing out old and unserviceable test equipment, the staff of the Engineering Mechanics Laboratory (EML) at the USDA Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, designed and assembled a hydraulic bending test machine. The EML built this machine to test dimension lumber, nominal 2 in. thick and up to 12 in. deep, at spans up to...

  5. ADAPTABLE DESIGN OF MACHINE TOOLS STRUCTURES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Yanshen; CHEN Yongliang; ZHANG Guojun; GU Peihua

    2008-01-01

    Adaptable design aims to extend the utilities of design and product. The specific methods are developed for practical applications of adaptable design in the design of mechanical structures, including adaptable platform, interface and module designs. Adaptable redesign problems are formulated as adaptable platform design under adaptability bound constraints. Analysis tools are then suggested for the implementation of the redesign of machine tool structures, including variation techniques based sensitivity analysis, similarity-based commonality analysis, performance improvement, and adaptability measures. The specific measure of adaptability for machine tool structures is measured through the quantification of the structural similarity and performance improvement gained from adaptable design. The method provides designers with an approach that brings adaptability into the design process, with considering the cost and benefits of such adaptability. The redesign of CNC spiral bevel gear cutting machine structures has been included to illustrate these concepts and methods.

  6. Principles and techniques for designing precision machines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hale, L C

    1999-02-01

    This thesis is written to advance the reader's knowledge of precision-engineering principles and their application to designing machines that achieve both sufficient precision and minimum cost. It provides the concepts and tools necessary for the engineer to create new precision machine designs. Four case studies demonstrate the principles and showcase approaches and solutions to specific problems that generally have wider applications. These come from projects at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in which the author participated: the Large Optics Diamond Turning Machine, Accuracy Enhancement of High- Productivity Machine Tools, the National Ignition Facility, and Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography. Although broad in scope, the topics go into sufficient depth to be useful to practicing precision engineers and often fulfill more academic ambitions. The thesis begins with a chapter that presents significant principles and fundamental knowledge from the Precision Engineering literature. Following this is a chapter that presents engineering design techniques that are general and not specific to precision machines. All subsequent chapters cover specific aspects of precision machine design. The first of these is Structural Design, guidelines and analysis techniques for achieving independently stiff machine structures. The next chapter addresses dynamic stiffness by presenting several techniques for Deterministic Damping, damping designs that can be analyzed and optimized with predictive results. Several chapters present a main thrust of the thesis, Exact-Constraint Design. A main contribution is a generalized modeling approach developed through the course of creating several unique designs. The final chapter is the primary case study of the thesis, the Conceptual Design of a Horizontal Machining Center.

  7. Man-machine dialogue design and challenges

    CERN Document Server

    Landragin, Frederic

    2013-01-01

    This book summarizes the main problems posed by the design of a man-machine dialogue system and offers ideas on how to continue along the path towards efficient, realistic and fluid communication between humans and machines. A culmination of ten years of research, it is based on the author's development, investigation and experimentation covering a multitude of fields, including artificial intelligence, automated language processing, man-machine interfaces and notably multimodal or multimedia interfaces. Contents Part 1. Historical and Methodological Landmarks 1. An Assessment of the Evolution

  8. Future Smart Cooking Machine System Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Agushinta R.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available There are many tools make human task get easier. Cooking has become a basic necessity for human beings, since food is one of basic human needs. Until now, the cooking equipment being used is still a hand tool. However everyone has slightly high activity. The presence of cooking tools that can do the cooking work by itself is now necessary. Future Smart Cooking Machine is an artificial intelligence machine that can do cooking work automatically. With this system design, the time is minimized and the ease of work is expected to be achieved. The development of this system is carried out with System Development Life Cycle (SDLC methods. Prototyping method used in this system is a throw-away prototyping approach. At the end of this research there will be produced a cooking machine system design including physical design engine and interface design.

  9. Designing Contestability: Interaction Design, Machine Learning, and Mental Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirsch, Tad; Merced, Kritzia; Narayanan, Shrikanth; Imel, Zac E; Atkins, David C

    2017-06-01

    We describe the design of an automated assessment and training tool for psychotherapists to illustrate challenges with creating interactive machine learning (ML) systems, particularly in contexts where human life, livelihood, and wellbeing are at stake. We explore how existing theories of interaction design and machine learning apply to the psychotherapy context, and identify "contestability" as a new principle for designing systems that evaluate human behavior. Finally, we offer several strategies for making ML systems more accountable to human actors.

  10. Program Design Report of the CNC Machine Tool(II)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jong Kiun; Youm, K. U.; Kim, K. S.; Lee, I. B.; Yoon, K. B.; Lee, C. K.; Youm, J. H

    2007-06-15

    The application of CNC machine tool being widely expanded according to variety of machine work method and rapid promotion of machine tool, cutting tool, for high speed efficient machine work. In order to conduct of the project of manufacture and maintenance of laboratory equipment, production design and machine work technology are continually developed, especially the application of CNC machine tool is very important for the improvement of productivity, quality and clearing up a manpower shortage. We publish technical report which it includes CNC machine tool program and drawing, it contributes to the systematic development of CNC program design and machine work technology.

  11. Machine learning techniques and drug design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gertrudes, J C; Maltarollo, V G; Silva, R A; Oliveira, P R; Honório, K M; da Silva, A B F

    2012-01-01

    The interest in the application of machine learning techniques (MLT) as drug design tools is growing in the last decades. The reason for this is related to the fact that the drug design is very complex and requires the use of hybrid techniques. A brief review of some MLT such as self-organizing maps, multilayer perceptron, bayesian neural networks, counter-propagation neural network and support vector machines is described in this paper. A comparison between the performance of the described methods and some classical statistical methods (such as partial least squares and multiple linear regression) shows that MLT have significant advantages. Nowadays, the number of studies in medicinal chemistry that employ these techniques has considerably increased, in particular the use of support vector machines. The state of the art and the future trends of MLT applications encompass the use of these techniques to construct more reliable QSAR models. The models obtained from MLT can be used in virtual screening studies as well as filters to develop/discovery new chemicals. An important challenge in the drug design field is the prediction of pharmacokinetic and toxicity properties, which can avoid failures in the clinical phases. Therefore, this review provides a critical point of view on the main MLT and shows their potential ability as a valuable tool in drug design.

  12. Structural Bionic Design of Machine Tool Structures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Ling; WANG Ting; GUO Hong-liang; LI Guo-meng

    2011-01-01

    A structural bionic design process is systematically presented for lightweight mechanical structures. By mimicking biological excellent structural principles, the stiffening ribs of a machining table and a moving column were redesigned for better load-bearing efficiency. Finite element method(FEM) simulation and model experiments were carried out for performance verification, which showed the increase of structural static and dynamic performance. Structural bionic offers a new solution to change conventional structures for high specific stiffness.

  13. finite element analysis of plastic recycling machine designed

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    This paper presents the conceptual design of plastic recycling machine for production of thin filament coil. The machine ... waste management system to curb the menace of the ... temperature distribution across the die. ... 2.1 Design Concept.

  14. Engineering design of centrifugal casting machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kusnowo, Roni; Gunara, Sophiadi

    2017-06-01

    Centrifugal casting is a metal casting process in which metal liquid is poured into a rotating mold at a specific temperature. Given round will generate a centrifugal force that will affect the outcome of the casting. Casting method is suitable in the manufacture of the casting cylinder to obtain better results. This research was performed to design a prototype machine by using the concept of centrifugal casting. The design method was a step-by-step systematic approach in the process of thinking to achieve the desired goal of realizing the idea and build bridges between idea and the product. Design process was commenced by the conceptual design phase and followed by the embodiment design stage and detailed design stage. With an engineering design process based on the method developed by G. E. Dieter, draft prototype of centrifugal casting machine with dimension of 550×450×400 mm, ¼ HP motor power, pulley and belt mechanism, diameter of 120-150mm, simultaneously with the characteristics of simple casting product, easy manufacture and maintenance, and relatively inexpensive, was generated.

  15. Design of a Cocoa Pod Splitting Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adetunde, I.A

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This study outlines the design of a very efficient, highly productive, cost- effective, ergonomic and environmentally friendly cocoa splitting machine that will be used by cocoa Farmers world - wide to increase and boost productivity and enhance the quality of coca products to the highest possible level devoid of any hazards, dangers or perils. This machine can be manufactured from locally available scraps and assembled and maintained at a relatively low cost. The knives which do the splitting are actuated by simple hydraulic mechanisms devoid any major stresses, forces or moments acting on them. These mechanisms are powered by simple low - powered lobe positive displacement or hydrostatic hydraulic pumps of power rating of 87.5 kW (65.625 Hp. The machine can be assembled and/or disassembled easily and quickly, and, therefore can be owned patronized by a group of cocoa farmers who can easily bear the low cost of maintenance of the already relative cheap machine.

  16. Optimising Body Layout Design of Limbed Machines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shu-jun Zhang; Jin Tong; Kevin Hapeshi; Dong-hui Chen

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents our efforts to explain why mammals have large thigh muscles while insects have small ones. After a discussion of this observation a definition of body foot ratio is defined which describes how animals stand and how their legs are arranged. To investigate the mechanics, we present a closed optimum solution of the body foot ratio for a 2D two-leg walking machine. A multi-walker is used as a case for 3D general analysis, and the numerical simulation is presented. Both 2D and 3D case studies can explain the above observations of mammals and insects. These findings can also be used as a guide for the design of man-made limbed machines.

  17. Design and manufacturing of abrasive jet machine for drilling operation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mittal Divyansh

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Wide application of Abrasive Jet Machine (AJM is found in machining hard and brittle materials. Machining of brittle materials by AJM is due to brittle fracture and removal of micro chips from the work piece. Embedment of the abrasive particles in the brittle materials results in decrease of machining efficiency. In this paper design and manufacturing of AJM has been presented. Various parts of AJM have been designed using ANSYS 16.2 software. The parts are then manufactured indigenously as per designed parameters. The machine fabricated in this work will be used further for process optimization of AJM parameters for machining of glass and ceramics.

  18. 杂志封面设计探析%An Inquiry into the Design of Magazine Covers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兵

    2013-01-01

    There are more and more magazines in the journal market, and the competition is more and more severe. In order to stand in an invincible position in the future market competition, we must pay attention to brand building. The cover of a magazine plays a pioneer role in the competition, as it is is the first impres-sion of the magazine on readers' mind, and it is the symbol of the brand of the magazine. Therefore, the design of magazine covers plays a crucial role in the overall image and marketing of a maga-zine.%期刊市场杂志种类繁多,杂志之间的竞争日趋激烈,要想在未来的市场竞争中立于不败之地,必须要注重杂志本身品牌的建立和塑造,杂志的封面在此竞争过程中不仅充当着先头兵的角色,更是杂志实现品牌化的标志,封面作为大众接触杂志的第一视觉印象,其设计的好坏对杂志的整体形象和销售起着至关重要的作用,因此,对杂志封面设计进行探析就变得十分必要了。

  19. Soft Machines and the Design of Perception

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Steen Ledet

    We humans have become soft machines in the way we extend our bodies and abilities into technological devices. I have a hard time remembering phone numbers since getting a cell phone; it remembers them for me. Likewise, much of my academic work is externalized through blogging it. This external, (im......)material form of my thought is my blog, which is not part of me. My mind is no longer confined to my body, my though process becomes virtual, so is it still me? Gray Kochar-Lindgren writes in TechnoLogics that we, as free ideal beings, are not captured against our will to be machine-assemblages but that today...... daily life consists of being cyborg. But there is more to this situation than the discussion of a cyborg existence. More important is the fact that the design of technology determines to a large extent how we as humans can use it. As David Porush argues in his book The Soft Machine, technology...

  20. Theory in the design of the man-machine engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季孟蒙

    2015-01-01

    the article to the man - machine - environment system of interconnected and ergonomics of the content on the investigation and analysis of the role of design in detail, and shows the man-machine engineering opens up a new train of thought for design disciplines; Designer to design the content of the ascension to the height of the humanized design, make the design in line with the ergonomics principle and characteristics of the real reflects the respect of the design aspects of people's listening.

  1. THE STIRLING GAS REFRIGERATING MACHINE MECHANICAL DESIGN IMPROVING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Trandafilov

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available To improve the mechanical design of the piston Stirling gas refrigeration machine the structural optimization of rotary vane Stirling gas refrigeration machine is carried out. This paper presents the results of theoretical research. Analysis and prospects of rotary vane Stirling gas refrigeration machine for domestic and industrial refrigeration purpose are represented. The results of a patent search by mechanisms of transformation of rotary vane machines are discussed

  2. THE STIRLING GAS REFRIGERATING MACHINE MECHANICAL DESIGN IMPROVING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Trandafilov

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available To improve the mechanical design of the piston Stirling gas refrigeration machine the structural optimization of rotary vane Stirling gas refrigeration machine is carried out. This paper presents the results of theoretical research. Analysis and prospects of rotary vane Stirling gas refrigeration machine for domestic and industrial refrigeration purpose are represented. The results of a patent search by mechanisms of transformation of rotary vane machines are discussed.

  3. THE STIRLING GAS REFRIGERATING MACHINE MECHANICAL DESIGN IMPROVING

    OpenAIRE

    V. V. Trandafilov; M.G. Khmelniuk; O. Y.Yakovleva; A. V. Ostapenko

    2016-01-01

    To improve the mechanical design of the piston Stirling gas refrigeration machine the structural optimization of rotary vane Stirling gas refrigeration machine is carried out. This paper presents the results of theoretical research. Analysis and prospects of rotary vane Stirling gas refrigeration machine for domestic and industrial refrigeration purpose are represented. The results of a patent search by mechanisms of transformation of rotary vane machines are discussed.

  4. Design principles of metal-cutting machine tools

    CERN Document Server

    Koenigsberger, F

    1964-01-01

    Design Principles of Metal-Cutting Machine Tools discusses the fundamentals aspects of machine tool design. The book covers the design consideration of metal-cutting machine, such as static and dynamic stiffness, operational speeds, gearboxes, manual, and automatic control. The text first details the data calculation and the general requirements of the machine tool. Next, the book discusses the design principles, which include stiffness and rigidity of the separate constructional elements and their combined behavior under load, as well as electrical, mechanical, and hydraulic drives for the op

  5. DESIGN AND FABRICATION OF A CENTRIFUGAL CASTING MACHINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adedipe Oyewole

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The design and fabrication of a centrifugal casting machine was successfully carried out. The operation of the machine was based on the principle of centrifugal force. Suitable design theory, analysis and calculation were adopted carried out in the course of the work. The mold is bolted to the base plate which can rotate at moderatespeeds thereby forcing the molten metal against the inner walls of the mold. This machine could be used to cast small engineering components. The centrifugal force on the machine was determined to be 3207.3N, while the required power on the machine was 854.7W. A test was carried out on the fabricated centrifugal casting machine with aluminum alloy and the machine was able to cast 6kg of aluminum alloy and the casting was successful.

  6. Based on the InDesign Magazine Publications Application Research%基于InDesign制作杂志出版物的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓红; 王丽芬; 张景峰

    2015-01-01

    InDesign是专业设计排版软件,广泛应用于"卡片、宣传单、海报招贴、企业画册、杂志设计、书籍设计、报纸设计"等版式编排和平面设计领域.该文主要从"杂志的前期版式设计、杂志排版、打包和输出杂志"三个方面阐述InDesign制作杂志出版物的操作流程.%InDesign is a professional design and typesetting software, are widely used in the "card, flyer, poster, corporate bro-chures, magazine design, books, newspapers, and other areas of the format layout and graphic design.This article mainly from the "in the early period of the magazine format design, magazine publishing, packaging, and output magazine" three aspects elaborated InDesign magazine publications operating process.

  7. 女性杂志封面设计的美学研究%Aesthetic Study on Cover Design of Women's Magazine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘宏芹; 王敬瑜

    2015-01-01

    Through the analysis of cover design and its function of women's magazine ,combining with women's magazine brand positioning and design elements application ,the integration of functional beauty design and formal beauty design of women's magazine cover design was studied based on the art design form and style ,in order to satisfy the psychological needs of female readers ,and enhance the expressive power of fashion magazine covers ,reinforce communication of emotional and aesthetic ideas of magazine covers .%通过对女性杂志封面设计及其作用的分析,基于艺术设计表现形式和风格,结合女性杂志的品牌定位和设计元素应用,探讨女性杂志封面功能美和形式美的设计融合,以满足女性读者心理需求,提升时尚杂志封面表现力,增强杂志封面的情感和审美意念传达。

  8. Design and Modeling of a 3 DOF Machine

    OpenAIRE

    Marjan Sikandar

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes an IT solution to implement a 3DOF machine by using several design patterns. A Degree of Freedom machine is a motion platform synchronized with the simulation game visually displayed. Through this research we have tried to find an optimal way to implement such a robotic machine that is supposed to be used in different virtual prototypes by industrialists. Since the development cost of an actual product often, is too high to test the initial design, many industrialists now-...

  9. Suame Magazine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskemose Andersen, Jørgen

    2007-01-01

    I foråret 2006 gennemførte en gruppe studerende fra Kunstakademiets Arkitektskole, i samarbejde med universitetet i Kumasi, studier i Suame Magazine, Vestafrikas største område inden for lettere jern- og metalarbejde - især bilværksteder. Boligområderne omkring Suame Magazine er i en sådan vækst...

  10. 基于PLC的圆盘式刀库电控系统设计%Design of the Electric Control System for Disc Tool Magazine System Based on PLC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张佳琦; 舒启林; 王国勋

    2016-01-01

    以复合镗铣加工中心工作时实现加工中心的自动换刀为研究对象,利用三菱FX3U系列PLC完成了圆盘刀库电控系统的设计方案,该系统可以使刀库完成随机选刀、就近换刀等规定动作。经过现场调试,该系统稳定、可靠。%When the composite boring and milling machining center worked, to achieve automatic tool change of machining cen-ters, using Mitsubishi FX3U series PLC, the disc tool magazine electrical control system was designed, so that required actions such as randomly knife selection and nearest tool change were completed.Through field debugging, the electrical control system is stable and reliable.

  11. A Design for a Quantum Time Machine

    CERN Document Server

    Gray, A

    1998-01-01

    In the new ``History Selection'' formulation of Quantum Mechanics an entire cosmic history is selected over all space and time, with a probability for selection assigned to each possible history. As this probability depends on the whole history, and is not merely composed of the product of probabilities for each step in the history, the theory is not a causal theory. It shall be shown that this violation of causality is usually completely unobservable and confined to the microscopic world, occurring inbetween ``observations''. However it shall also be shown that in certain special circumstances it is possible to exploit the intrinsic non-causal nature of the theory to violate causality at the macroscopic level. A practical design for a device which can exploit this effect is shown. Such a device would effectively enable one to see into the future, and is thus a kind of time machine. Finally it shall be shown that, according to this new formulation of Quantum Mechanics, this does not give rise to any unpleasan...

  12. 54th International Conference of Machine Design Departments

    CERN Document Server

    Lepšík, Petr; Petrů, Michal; Mašín, Ivan; Martonka, Rudolf

    2014-01-01

    This book has been created on the basis of contributions to the 54th International Conference of Machine Design Departments, that was held for the 60th anniversary of Technical University of Liberec. This international conference which follows a tradition going back more than 50 years, is one of the longest-running series of conferences held in central Europe, dealing with methods and applications in  machine design. The main aim of the conference was to provide an international forum where experts, researchers, engineers and  industrial practitioners, managers and Ph.D. students could meet, share their experiences and present the results of their efforts in the broad field of machine design and related fields. The book has seven chapters which focus on new knowledge of machine design, optimization, tribology, experimental methods and measuring, engineering analyses and product innovation. Authors presented new design methods of machine parts and more complex assemblies with the help of numerical methods su...

  13. A Method for Design of Modular Reconfigurable Machine Tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhengyi Xu

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Presented in this paper is a method for the design of modular reconfigurable machine tools (MRMTs. An MRMT is capable of using a minimal number of modules through reconfiguration to perform the required machining tasks for a family of parts. The proposed method consists of three steps: module identification, module determination, and layout synthesis. In the first step, the module components are collected from a family of general-purpose machines to establish a module library. In the second step, for a given family of parts to be machined, a set of needed modules are selected from the module library to construct a desired reconfigurable machine tool. In the third step, a final machine layout is decided though evaluation by considering a number of performance indices. Based on this method, a software package has been developed that can design an MRMT for a given part family.

  14. Design of an electrochemical micromachining machine

    OpenAIRE

    Spieser, A; Ivanov, A.

    2014-01-01

    Electrochemical micromachining (μECM) is a non-conventional machining process based on the phenomenon of electrolysis. μECM became an attractive area of research due to the fact that this process does not create any defective layer after machining and that there is a growing demand for better surface integrity on different micro applications including microfluidics systems, stress-free drilled holes in automotive and aerospace manufacturing with complex shapes, etc. This work presents the des...

  15. Electric vehicle machines and drives design, analysis and application

    CERN Document Server

    Chau, K

    2015-01-01

    A timely comprehensive reference consolidates the research and development of electric vehicle machines and drives for electric and hybrid propulsions • Focuses on electric vehicle machines and drives • Covers the major technologies in the area including fundamental concepts and applications • Emphasis the design criteria, performance analyses and application examples or potentials of various motor drives and machine systems • Accompanying website includes the simulation models and outcomes as supplementary material

  16. Introduction to precision machine design and error assessment

    CERN Document Server

    Mekid, Samir

    2008-01-01

    While ultra-precision machines are now achieving sub-nanometer accuracy, unique challenges continue to arise due to their tight specifications. Written to meet the growing needs of mechanical engineers and other professionals to understand these specialized design process issues, Introduction to Precision Machine Design and Error Assessment places a particular focus on the errors associated with precision design, machine diagnostics, error modeling, and error compensation. Error Assessment and ControlThe book begins with a brief overview of precision engineering and applications before introdu

  17. 55th International Conference of Machine Design Departments 2014

    CERN Document Server

    Berka, Ondrej; Petr, Karel; Lopot, František; Dub, Martin

    2016-01-01

    This book is based on the 55th International Conference of Machine Design Departments 2014 (ICMD 2014) which was hosted by the Czech Technical University in September 2014. It features scientific articles which solve progressive themes from the field of machine design. The book addresses a broad range of themes including tribology, hydraulics, materials science, product innovation and experimental methods. It presents the latest interdisciplinary high-tech work. People with an interest in the latest research results in the field of machine design and manufacturing engineering will value this book with contributions of leading academic scientists and experts from all around the world.

  18. Man-Machine Interface Design for Modeling and Simulation Software

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnstein J. Borstad

    1986-07-01

    Full Text Available Computer aided design (CAD systems, or more generally interactive software, are today being developed for various application areas like VLSI-design, mechanical structure design, avionics design, cartographic design, architectual design, office automation, publishing, etc. Such tools are becoming more and more important in order to be productive and to be able to design quality products. One important part of CAD-software development is the man-machine interface (MMI design.

  19. Design & Performances of Coconut De-Shelling Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Ketan K.Tonpe

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The traditional method used in India, for the separation of copra and shell from partially-dried split coconuts, is labour intensive. To overcome this problem, a power operated coconut de-shelling machine was designed and developed. A coconut de-shelling machine comprising of cutter with belt drive. Performances test analysis conducted show that the machine de-shelled the fruits without nut breakage and also that its average de-shelling efficiency and capacity are 90% and 195 coconut per hour. All materials used in the fabrication of this machine are of standard specification and locally sourced. The estimated cost of producing one unit of the machine is twenty five thousand six hundred (Rs.25, 600. The machine also eliminated dependency on the epileptic public electric power supply in our rural areas which constitutes the major obstacle in the use of other mechanized coconut de-shelling equipment in the rural area.

  20. Research on Visual Virtual Design Platform for NC Machine Tools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Rufu; CHEN Xiaoping; SUN Qinghong

    2006-01-01

    The fundamental ideas on building the collaborative design platform of virtual visualization for NC machine tools are introduced. The platform is based on the globally shared product model conforming to the STEP Standard, and used PDM system to integrate and encapsulate CAD/CAE and other application software for the product development. The platform also integrated the expert system of NC machine tools design, analysis and estimation. This expert system utilized fuzzy estimation principle to evaluate the design and simulation analysis results and make decisions. The platform provides the collaborative intelligent environment for the design of virtual NC machine tools prototype aiming at integrated product design team. It also supports the customized development of NC machine tools.

  1. ADVANCED DESIGN SOLUTIONS FOR HIGH-PRECISION WOODWORKING MACHINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Lucisano

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available With the aim at performing the highest precision during woodworking, a mix of alternative approaches, fruitfully integrated in a common design strategy, is essential. This paper represents an overview of technical solutions, recently developed by authors, in design of machine tools and their final effects on manufacturing. The most advanced solutions in machine design are reported side by side with common practices or little everyday expedients. These design actions are directly or indirectly related to the rational use of materials, sometimes very uncommon, as in the case of magnetorheological fluids chosen to implement an active control in speed and force on the electro-spindle, and permitting to improve the quality of wood machining. Other actions are less unusual, as in the case of the adoption of innovative anti-vibration supports for basement. Tradition or innovation, all these technical solutions contribute to the final result: the highest precision in wood machining.

  2. Reliability Approach for Machine Protection Design in Particle Accelerators

    CERN Document Server

    Apollonio, A; Mikulec, B; Puccio, B; Sanchez Alvarez, J L; Schmidt, R; Wagner, S

    2013-01-01

    Particle accelerators require Machine Protection Systems (MPS) to prevent beam-induced damage of equipment in case of failures. This becomes increasingly important for proton colliders with large energy stored in the beam such as LHC, for high power accelerators with a beam power of up to 10 MW, such as the European Spallation Source (ESS), and for linear colliders with high beam power and very small beam size. The reliability of Machine Protection Systems is crucial for safe machine operation; all possible sources of risk need to be taken into account in the early design stage. This paper presents a systematic approach to classify failures and to assess the associated risk, and discusses the impact of such considerations on the design of Machine Protection Systems. The application of this approach will be illustrated using the new design of the MPS for LINAC4, a linear accelerator under construction at CERN.

  3. Electromagnetic linear machines with dual Halbach array design and analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Yan, Liang; Peng, Juanjuan; Zhang, Lei; Jiao, Zongxia

    2017-01-01

    This book extends the conventional two-dimensional (2D) magnet arrangement into 3D pattern for permanent magnet linear machines for the first time, and proposes a novel dual Halbach array. It can not only effectively increase the radial component of magnetic flux density and output force of tubular linear machines, but also significantly reduce the axial flux density, radial force and thus system vibrations and noises. The book is also the first to address the fundamentals and provide a summary of conventional arrays, as well as novel concepts for PM pole design in electric linear machines. It covers theoretical study, numerical simulation, design optimization and experimental works systematically. The design concept and analytical approaches can be implemented to other linear and rotary machines with similar structures. The book will be of interest to academics, researchers, R&D engineers and graduate students in electronic engineering and mechanical engineering who wish to learn the core principles, met...

  4. Visuality and modernity on the design project of the O Cruzeiro illustrated magazine (1928-1945

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marinês Ribeiro dos Santos

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O Cruzeiro was a brazilian illustrated magazine published between 1928 and 1975. In this article, we explore how this publication is exemplar in the articulation of graphical and editorial practices, contributing in some ways to the construction of a modern visual culture in Brazil. We delimit our analysis to a period that goes from the publication of its first issue to the end of the Second World War, in 1945, a time when several countrywide modernization trends took place. Our focuses concern the particular and interrelated employment of photography, graphic illustrations, typography and printing technologies on its essays. We can say that the articulation of textual and imagetic resources contributed to the construction of new practices of reading in everyday life.

  5. Acquiring Software Design Schemas: A Machine Learning Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harandi, Mehdi T.; Lee, Hing-Yan

    1991-01-01

    In this paper, we describe an approach based on machine learning that acquires software design schemas from design cases of existing applications. An overview of the technique, design representation, and acquisition system are presented. the paper also addresses issues associated with generalizing common features such as biases. The generalization process is illustrated using an example.

  6. Series Design of Large-Scale NC Machine Tool

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Zhi

    2007-01-01

    Product system design is a mature concept in western developed countries. It has been applied in war industry during the last century. However, up until now, functional combination is still the main method for product system design in China. Therefore, in terms of a concept of product generation and product interaction we are in a weak position compared with the requirements of global markets. Today, the idea of serial product design has attracted much attention in the design field and the definition of product generation as well as its parameters has already become the standard in serial product designs. Although the design of a large-scale NC machine tool is complicated, it can be further optimized by the precise exercise of object design by placing the concept of platform establishment firmly into serial product design. The essence of a serial product design has been demonstrated by the design process of a large-scale NC machine tool.

  7. DESIGN OF A BUSH PRESSING MACHINE FOR PUMPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AMITH KALEKAR

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Bearings are among the most important components in the vast majority of machines. Bush is an independent plain bearing that is inserted into a housing to provide a bearing surface for rotary applications. Bushes are fitted either by pressing for less interference or by heating the frame or cooling the bushes using dry ice or liquid nitrogen. In the present case, due to uneven cooling using liquid nitrogen or other problems, bush is not fitting easily in some of the pump frames. So there is a need of a bush pressing machine. A ‘C’ frame type hydraulic bush pressing machine is designed in this work.

  8. Design of Sugarcane Peeling Machine Based on Motion Controller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Dehui

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Sugarcane is a common raw material for sugar, but in the process of machining, there will be suspended solids in the cane juice, in order to process better, the sugarcane should be peeled. Traditional way of peeling is by man, production efficiency is low. In this study, a kind of sugarcane peeling machine was designed based on motion controller, it can realize the automation of input, peeling and output. It can make certain contribution for sugarcane processing.

  9. Interactive Systems for Designing Machine Elements and Assemblies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kacalak Wojciech

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the development of fundamentals of machine elements and assemblies design processes automation using artificial intelligence, and descriptions of structural elements’ features in a natural language. In the proposed interactive automated design systems, computational artificial intelligence methods allow communication by speech and natural language, resulting in analyses of design engineer’s messages, analyses of constructions, encoding and assessments of constructions, CAD system controlling and visualizations. The system is equipped with several adaptive intelligent layers for human biometric identification, recognition of speech and handwriting, recognition of words, analyses and recognition of messages, enabling interpretation of messages, and assessments of human reactions. The article proposes a concept of intelligent processing for analysis of descriptions of machine elements’ structural features in a natural language. It also presents the developed methodology for similarity analysis between structural features of designed machine elements and corresponding antipatterns allowing normalization of parameters of the analysed structural solutions.

  10. Design Considerations of Permanent Magnet Transverse Flux Machines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lu, Kaiyuan; Rasmussen, Peter Omand; Ritchie, Ewen

    2011-01-01

    Permanent magnet transverse flux machine (PMTFM) is well known for its high torque density and is interested in various direct-drive applications. Due to its complicated 3-D flux components, design and design optimization of a PMTFM is more difficult and time consuming than for radial flux...

  11. Survey of Mechatronic Techniques in Modern Machine Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devdas Shetty

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Increasing demands on the productivity of complex systems, such as manufacturing machines and their steadily growing technological importance will require the application of new methods in the product development process. A smart machine can make decisions about the process in real-time with plenty of adaptive controls. This paper shows the simulation based mechatronic model of a complex system with a better understanding of the dynamic behavior and interactions of the components. This offers improved possibilities of evaluating and optimizing the dynamic motion performance of the entire automated system in the early stages of the design process. Another effect is the growing influence of interactions between machine components on achievable machine dynamics and precision and quality of components. The examples cited in this paper, demonstrate the distinguishing feature of mechatronic systems through intensive integration. The case studies also show that it will no longer be sufficient to focus solely on the optimization of subsystems. Instead it will be necessary to strive for optimization of the complete system. The interactions between machine components, the influence of the control system and the machining process will have to be considered during the design process and the coordination of feed drives and frame structure components.

  12. Design and Construction of Wireless Control System for Drilling Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nang Su Moan Hsam

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Drilling machine is used for boring holes in various materials and used in woodworking metalworking construction and do-it-yourself projects. When the machine operate for a long time the temperature increases and so we need to control the temperature of the machine and some lubrication system need to apply to reduce the temperature. Due to the improvement of technology the system can be controlled with wireless network. This control system use Window Communication Foundation WCF which is the latest service oriented technology to control all drilling machines in industries simultaneously. All drilling machines are start working when they received command from server. After the machine is running for a long time the temperature is gradually increased. This system used LM35 temperature sensor to measure the temperature. When the temperature is over the safely level that is programmed in host server the controller at the server will command to control the speed of motor and applying some lubrication system at the tip and edges of drill. The command from the server is received by the client and sends to PIC. In this control system PIC microcontroller is used as an interface between the client computer and the machine. The speed of motor is controlled with PWM and water pump system is used for lubrication. This control system is designed and simulated with 12V DC motor LM35 sensor LCD displayand relay which is to open the water container to spray water between drill and work piece. The host server choosing to control the drilling machine that are overheat by selecting the clients IP address that is connected with that machine.

  13. Accelerating Dielectrics Design Using Thinking Machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramprasad, R.

    2013-03-01

    High energy density capacitors are required for several pulsed power and energy storage applications, including food preservation, nuclear test simulations, electric propulsion of ships and hybrid electric vehicles. The maximum electrostatic energy that can be stored in a capacitor dielectric is proportional to its dielectric constant and the square of its breakdown field. The current standard material for capacitive energy storage is polypropylene which has a large breakdown field but low dielectric constant. We are involved in a search for new classes of polymers superior to polypropylene using first principles computations combined with statistical and machine learning methods. Essential to this search are schemes to efficiently compute the dielectric constant of polymers and the intrinsic dielectric breakdown field, as well as methods to determine the stable structures of new classes of polymers and strategies to efficiently navigate through the polymer chemical space offered by the periodic table. These methodologies have been combined with statistical learning paradigms in order to make property predictions rapidly, and promising classes of polymeric systems for energy storage applications have been identified. This work is being supported by the Office of Naval Research.

  14. Design and Fabrication of Automatic Glass Cutting Machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veena, T. R.; Kadadevaramath, R. S.; Nagaraj, P. M.; Madhusudhan, S. V.

    2016-09-01

    This paper deals with the design and fabrication of the automatic glass or mirror cutting machine. In order to increase the accuracy of cut and production rate; and decrease the production time and accidents caused due to manual cutting of mirror or glass, this project aims at development of an automatic machine which uses a programmable logic controller (PLC) for controlling the movement of the conveyer and also to control the pneumatic circuit. In this machine, the work of the operator is to load and unload the mirror. The cutter used in this machine is carbide wheel with its cutting edge ground to a V-shaped profile. The PLC controls the pneumatic cylinder and intern actuates the cutter along the glass, a fracture layer is formed causing a mark to be formed below the fracture layer and a crack to be formed below the rib mark. The machine elements are designed using CATIA V5R20 and pneumatic circuit are designed using FESTO FLUID SIM software.

  15. Configuration Design of Product Service System for CNC Machine Tools

    OpenAIRE

    Zhongqi Sheng; Tao Xu; Junyou Song

    2015-01-01

    Product service system is a combination of product and services to meet the customer requirements. Configuration design is the key process of product service system development. This paper studies the configuration design of product service system for CNC machine tools. The research explores the configuration design process of product service system development, analyzes the retrieval method of product service system schemes, determines the configuration sequence of product modules and servic...

  16. Distributed Control System Design for Portable PC Based CNC Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roni Permana Saputra

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The demand on automated machining has been increased and emerges improvement research to achieve many goals such as portability, low cost manufacturability, interoperability, and simplicity in machine usage. These improvements are conducted without ignoring the performance analysis and usability evaluation. This research has designed a distributed control system in purpose to control a portable CNC machine. The design consists of main processing unit, secondary processing unit, motor control, and motor driver. A preliminary simulation has been conducted for performance analysis including linear accuracy and circular accuracy. The results achieved in the simulation provide linear accuracy up to 2 μm with total cost for the whole processing unit is up to 5 million IDR.

  17. Design of electric control system for automatic vegetable bundling machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bao, Yan

    2017-06-01

    A design can meet the requirements of automatic bale food structure and has the advantages of simple circuit, and the volume is easy to enhance the electric control system of machine carrying bunch of dishes and low cost. The bundle of vegetable machine should meet the sensor to detect and control, in order to meet the control requirements; binding force can be adjusted by the button to achieve; strapping speed also can be adjusted, by the keys to set; sensors and mechanical line connection, convenient operation; can be directly connected with the plug, the 220V power supply can be connected to a power source; if, can work, by the transmission signal sensor, MCU to control the motor, drive and control procedures for small motor. The working principle of LED control circuit and temperature control circuit is described. The design of electric control system of automatic dish machine.

  18. Best Magazines of 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Steve

    2008-01-01

    Rumors of the death of the magazine are greatly exaggerated. Efforts by some innovative publishers suggest that rather than killing magazines, the Internet may just reinvigorate the medium. As each magazine seeks the ideal relationship of print to online to develop its brand, nearly every magazine has a web site with at least subscribing…

  19. Best of 2008: Magazines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Steve

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the 10 best new magazines of 2008. They are: (1) BBC Knowledge; (2) Bible Study Magazine; (3) Culture: The Word on Cheese; (4) Food Network Magazine; (5) Lapham's Quarterly; (6) Miller-McCune; (7) NCAA Champion; (8) Science Illustrated; (9) Strategy; and (10) World Affairs. These magazines have in common the potential to…

  20. Best of 2008: Magazines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Steve

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the 10 best new magazines of 2008. They are: (1) BBC Knowledge; (2) Bible Study Magazine; (3) Culture: The Word on Cheese; (4) Food Network Magazine; (5) Lapham's Quarterly; (6) Miller-McCune; (7) NCAA Champion; (8) Science Illustrated; (9) Strategy; and (10) World Affairs. These magazines have in common the potential to…

  1. Best Magazines of 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Steve

    2008-01-01

    Rumors of the death of the magazine are greatly exaggerated. Efforts by some innovative publishers suggest that rather than killing magazines, the Internet may just reinvigorate the medium. As each magazine seeks the ideal relationship of print to online to develop its brand, nearly every magazine has a web site with at least subscribing…

  2. Is Your High School Ready for a General Magazine?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallenbeck, Carol

    1975-01-01

    Suggests ideas for planning the content of a school magazine, provides guidelines for evaluating stories for entry in the magazine, outlines procedures for training the advertising staff, and presents tips for layout design. (RB)

  3. DESIGN OF MACHINES FOR ASSEMBLY, DISASSEMBLY AND REVERSE LOGISTICS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryszard ROHATYŃSKI

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the new problems of machine and other industrial products design that result from reverse logistics needs. Postulate to close the material cycle in economy poses for designer teams new, other than heretofore issues. Design for assembly that principles, methodology, and co-ordination in the frame of concurrent design already exist, does not meet demands of reverse logistics. There is a need for taking into consideration disassembly processes. The disassembly should take into regard material recovery processes and the reverse logistics requirements. In the paper general principles of the design for disassembly with allowing for these processes have been formulated.

  4. Machine Learning Techniques in Optimal Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerbone, Giuseppe

    1992-01-01

    Many important applications can be formalized as constrained optimization tasks. For example, we are studying the engineering domain of two-dimensional (2-D) structural design. In this task, the goal is to design a structure of minimum weight that bears a set of loads. A solution to a design problem in which there is a single load (L) and two stationary support points (S1 and S2) consists of four members, E1, E2, E3, and E4 that connect the load to the support points is discussed. In principle, optimal solutions to problems of this kind can be found by numerical optimization techniques. However, in practice [Vanderplaats, 1984] these methods are slow and they can produce different local solutions whose quality (ratio to the global optimum) varies with the choice of starting points. Hence, their applicability to real-world problems is severely restricted. To overcome these limitations, we propose to augment numerical optimization by first performing a symbolic compilation stage to produce: (a) objective functions that are faster to evaluate and that depend less on the choice of the starting point and (b) selection rules that associate problem instances to a set of recommended solutions. These goals are accomplished by successive specializations of the problem class and of the associated objective functions. In the end, this process reduces the problem to a collection of independent functions that are fast to evaluate, that can be differentiated symbolically, and that represent smaller regions of the overall search space. However, the specialization process can produce a large number of sub-problems. This is overcome by deriving inductively selection rules which associate problems to small sets of specialized independent sub-problems. Each set of candidate solutions is chosen to minimize a cost function which expresses the tradeoff between the quality of the solution that can be obtained from the sub-problem and the time it takes to produce it. The overall solution

  5. Innovative machine designs for radiation processing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vroom, David

    2007-12-01

    In the 1990s Raychem Corporation established a program to investigate the commercialization of several promising applications involving the combined use of its core competencies in materials science, radiation chemistry and e-beam radiation technology. The applications investigated included those that would extend Raychem's well known heat recoverable polymer and wire and cable product lines as well as new potential applications such as remediation of contaminated aqueous streams. A central part of the program was the development of new accelerator technology designed to improve quality, lower processing costs and efficiently process conformable materials such at liquids. A major emphasis with this new irradiation technology was to look at the accelerator and product handling systems as one integrated, not as two complimentary systems.

  6. Analytical model for Stirling cycle machine design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Formosa, F. [Laboratoire SYMME, Universite de Savoie, BP 80439, 74944 Annecy le Vieux Cedex (France); Despesse, G. [Laboratoire Capteurs Actionneurs et Recuperation d' Energie, CEA-LETI-MINATEC, Grenoble (France)

    2010-10-15

    In order to study further the promising free piston Stirling engine architecture, there is a need of an analytical thermodynamic model which could be used in a dynamical analysis for preliminary design. To aim at more realistic values, the models have to take into account the heat losses and irreversibilities on the engine. An analytical model which encompasses the critical flaws of the regenerator and furthermore the heat exchangers effectivenesses has been developed. This model has been validated using the whole range of the experimental data available from the General Motor GPU-3 Stirling engine prototype. The effects of the technological and operating parameters on Stirling engine performance have been investigated. In addition to the regenerator influence, the effect of the cooler effectiveness is underlined. (author)

  7. Analytical model for Stirling cycle machine design

    CERN Document Server

    Formosa, Fabien; 10.1016/j.enconman.2010.02.010

    2013-01-01

    In order to study further the promising free piston Stirling engine architecture, there is a need of an analytical thermodynamic model which could be used in a dynamical analysis for preliminary design. To aim at more realistic values, the models have to take into account the heat losses and irreversibilities on the engine. An analytical model which encompasses the critical flaws of the regenerator and furthermore the heat exchangers effectivenesses has been developed. This model has been validated using the whole range of the experimental data available from the General Motor GPU-3 Stirling engine prototype. The effects of the technological and operating parameters on Stirling engine performance have been investigated. In addition to the regenerator influence, the effect of the cooler effectiveness is underlined.

  8. Design of Five-Axis Ultrasonic Assistant Compound Machine Tool

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Bing刘冰; Fang Fengzhou房丰洲; Xu Zongwei徐宗伟; Zhang Xiaofeng张晓峰

    2015-01-01

    A compound machine tool was designed, which combined rotary ultrasonic assisted grinding, electrical discharge machining (EDM) and multi-axis milling. Experimental results indicated that its positioning accuracy was less than 5.6μm and its repetitive positioning accuracy was less than 1.8μm;the vibration amplitude of ultrasonic grinding system was uniform and stable, and the EDM system worked well and stably.A smooth surface of K9 optical glass component was achieved by the grinding method.

  9. KINEMATIC DESIGN OF A RECONFIGURABLE MINIATURE PARALLEL KINEMATIC MACHINE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The kinematic design of a reconfigurable miniature parallel kinematic machine is dealt with. It shows that the reconfigurability may be realized by packaging a tripod-based parallel mechanism with fixed length struts into a compact and rigid frame with which the different configurations can be formed. Utilizing a dual parameter model, the influences of the geometrical parameters on the dexterous performance and the workspace/machine volume ratio are investigated. A novel global performance index for the dimensional synthesis is proposed and optimized, resulting in a set of dimensionless geometrical parameters.

  10. Design methods for fault-tolerant finite state machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niranjan, Shailesh; Frenzel, James F.

    1993-01-01

    VLSI electronic circuits are increasingly being used in space-borne applications where high levels of radiation may induce faults, known as single event upsets. In this paper we review the classical methods of designing fault tolerant digital systems, with an emphasis on those methods which are particularly suitable for VLSI-implementation of finite state machines. Four methods are presented and will be compared in terms of design complexity, circuit size, and estimated circuit delay.

  11. Design, Construction and Evaluation of a Row Crop Thinning Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Gol Mohammadi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Equipment availability is necessary in the development of Agriculture mechanization. Crop thinning is one of the most important stages in row crop production which is laborious and costly. The objective of this project is design and construction of a row crop thinning machine. Four main system units are plant sensors, ground sensors, control and thinning platforms. In this machine the unwanted plants on the rows are randomly removed by employing a pneumatically system. A blade on a vertical arm with pendulum motion removes the plant from the rows. The machine control system consists of an arm and a blade which is activated by a double acting cylinder and equipped with a relay and a timer. The pneumatic cylinder is controlled via a solenoid valve. Laboratory tests were conducted to validate the machine performance. Some other preliminary tests also were performed for optimization of parameters such as cinematic index and cutting length of blades. The laboratory tests (totally 9 tests were performed with a constant forward speed and three levels of plant density, using artificial plants. The data were analyzed using SPSS software. The results show that satisfactory performance of the machine is achieved when the plant density is moderate i.e. the thinning performance reduces with higher plant distance in the row. The other effective variable on machine performance is the adjustment of sensor sensitivity, which is used to distinguish between week and strong plants. In general the machine performance is sensitive to plant shape and morphology, plant distribution pattern in the field, growing stage of the plants, time of thinning and the effectiveness of previous weeding operations

  12. Intercultural design of man-machine systems: Machine design for the Chinese market; Interkulturelles Design fuer Mensch-Maschine-Systeme: Maschinendesign fuer den chinesischen Markt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roese, K.; Zuehlke, D.; Liu, L. [Kaiserslautern Univ. (Germany)

    2002-07-01

    The ongoing globalization trend has imposed great needs on culture-specific machine design. For the expected business success on the foreign market the target user's special requirements should be well addressed. This paper proposes an effective approach to elicit user's culture-specific requirements on different machine design issues, which bases on the analysis of cultural environment and mentality. The approach was practically implemented in one project to elicit the user's requirements on machine design for the Chinese market. The investigation methods are briefly described and some most important culture specific design features for Mainland China are summarized. (orig.)

  13. Design and construction of automatic sorting station with machine vision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar D. Velasco-Delgado

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the design, construction and testing of an automatic product sorting system in belt conveyor with machine vision that integrates Free and Open Source Software technology and Allen Bradley commercial equipment. Requirements are defined to determine features such as: mechanics of manufacturing station, an app of product sorting with machine vision and for automation system. For the app of machine vision a library is used for optical digital image processing Open CV, for the mechanical design of the manufacturing station is used the CAD tool Solid Edge and for the design and implementation of automation ISA standards are used along with an automation engineering project methodology integrating a PLC, an inverter, a Panel View and a DeviceNet Network. Performance tests are shown by classifying bottles and PVC pieces in four established types, the behavior of the integrated system is checked so as the efficiency of the same. The processing time on machine vision is 0.290 s on average for a piece of PVC, a capacity of 206 accessories per minute, for bottles was obtained a processing time of 0.267 s, a capacity of 224 bottles per minute. A maximum mechanical performance is obtained with 32 products per minute (1920 products/hour with the conveyor to 22 cm/s and 40 cm of distance between products obtaining an average error of 0.8%.

  14. A NEW DESIGN of SIX- PHASE ROTARY CONVERTER ELECTRIC MACHINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. G. Mohammed

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to design a new ac rotary converter machine to convert the ac single phase voltage to six-phase voltages by using multi stages energy conversion machine. The rotary converter is composed from two main stages and is combined into one frame. These two stages are formed from three main electromagnetic components. The first component represents the input stage that enables the energy from single phase to enter and transformed by the second and third components electro-magnetically to produce six-phase voltages which at the output stage. The programs are created using MATLAB in order to calculate the required dimensions of the converter machine and its parameters for magnetic and electrical circuits.

  15. Machine Learning: A Crucial Tool for Sensor Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weixiang Zhao

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Sensors have been widely used for disease diagnosis, environmental quality monitoring, food quality control, industrial process analysis and control, and other related fields. As a key tool for sensor data analysis, machine learning is becoming a core part of novel sensor design. Dividing a complete machine learning process into three steps: data pre-treatment, feature extraction and dimension reduction, and system modeling, this paper provides a review of the methods that are widely used for each step. For each method, the principles and the key issues that affect modeling results are discussed. After reviewing the potential problems in machine learning processes, this paper gives a summary of current algorithms in this field and provides some feasible directions for future studies.

  16. Noise-reducing designs of machines and structures

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    N Tandon

    2000-06-01

    It is advisable and better to consider noise control measures at the design stage itself rather than after the product is manufactured and installed. The present paper describes some of the control measures that can be incorporated during the design of machines and structures. Vibration control, barriers and enclosures can be used for noise control and should be considered at the design stage. Acoustical materials which can be used for noise control purpose have been described. Some examples of noise-reducing design are also given.

  17. Compiler design handbook optimizations and machine code generation

    CERN Document Server

    Srikant, YN

    2003-01-01

    The widespread use of object-oriented languages and Internet security concerns are just the beginning. Add embedded systems, multiple memory banks, highly pipelined units operating in parallel, and a host of other advances and it becomes clear that current and future computer architectures pose immense challenges to compiler designers-challenges that already exceed the capabilities of traditional compilation techniques. The Compiler Design Handbook: Optimizations and Machine Code Generation is designed to help you meet those challenges. Written by top researchers and designers from around the

  18. Urbanization, Specialization and the Future of Magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burd, Gene

    Magazine journalism is not dead, despite the demise of many giant publications, but is thriving in new forms on the threshold of a new era whose trademark is urbanism. New publications recently appearing are primarily special audience magazines designed to fill the specific information needs of new groupings of readers. Since most of these new…

  19. Writing in design education: The Magazine and the Studio as vehicles for writing development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dankl, Kathrina; Jensen, Tine Wirenfeldt

    2017-01-01

    familiar formats and spaces in creative ways embeds the activity in the discipline and encourages students´ use of existing disciplinary skills and methods. (W49) Abstract: Design students should be uniquely prepared for research writing as design as a discipline requires the ability to approach...... the unknown in order to generate new knowledge, and as students are trained in process-oriented methods and to adapt their work continuously. But somehow, these skills do not seem to transfer in practice when it comes to academic writing. This might be due to a lack of familiarity with the academic genre...... as well as lack of knowledge of how to apply existing skills to the task of writing. Academic writing development is not an established part of the design pedagogy discourse, and the connections between academic writing skills and core parts of the design curriculum such as critical thinking skills...

  20. Dimensional Synthesis Design of Novel Parallel Machine Tool

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪劲松; 唐晓强; 段广洪; 尹文生

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents dimensional synthesis design theory for a novel planar 3-DOF (degrees of freedom) parallel machine tool. Closed-form solutions are developed for both the inverse and direct kinematics. The formulation of the dexterity and the definitions of the theoretical workspace and the valid workspace are used to analyze the effects of the design parameters on the dexterity and workspace. The analysis results are used to propose an approach to satisfy the platform motion requirement while realizing orientation capability, dexterity and valid workspace. A design example is given to illustrate the effectiveness of this approach.

  1. Design, development and demonstration of an improved bird washing machine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajabi, H; Monsef, H; Moghadami, M; Zare, M; Armandei, A

    2014-07-01

    Since oil was first extracted, pollution of the seas and oceans or adjacent coasts has been an obstacle for the oil industry and environmental activists. The major concern is oil discharge into the water which may lead to birds' affliction or death, besides putting marine life in jeopardy. This paper presents the first description of the design and implementation of a new bird washing machine that can be utilized for cleaning of oil-coated birds with the minimum of stress. The machine is equipped with a pneumatic system comprised of 19 moving nozzles which evenly cover the bird's body and is designed to be used in contaminated environments where a vast number of birds are affected. Experimental trials show an improvement in operation efficiency compared to other methods in a reduction in washing time, energy consumption and a decrease in fatality rate of washed birds.

  2. Research advances in coupling bionic optimization design method for CNC machine tools based on ergonomics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shihao LIU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Currently, most Chinese CNC machine tools' dynamic and static performances have large gap comparing with the similar foreign products, and the CNC machine tools users' human-centered design demand are ignored, which results in that the domestic CNC machine tools' overall competitiveness is relatively low. In order to solve the above problem, the ergonomics and coupling bionics are adopted to study collaborative optimization design method for CNC machine tools based on the domestic and foreign machine tool design method research achievement. The CNC machine tools' "man-machine-environment" interaction mechanism can be built by combining with ergonomic, and then the CNC ergonomic design criteria is obtained. Taking the coupling bionics as theoretical basis, the biological structures "morphology-structure-function-adaptive growth" multiple coupling mechanism can be studied, and the mechanical performance benefits structure can be extracted, then the CNC machine tools structural coupling bionic design technology is obtained by combining with the similarity principle. Combination of CNC machine tools' ergonomic design criteria and coupling bionic design technology, and considering the CNC machine tool performance's interaction and coupling mechanisms, a new multi-objective optimization design method can be obtained, which is verified through CNC machine tools' prototype experiments. The new optimization design method for CNC machine tools can not only help improve the whole machine's dynamic and static performance, but also has a bright prospect because of the "man-oriented" design concept.

  3. Engineering electrodynamics electric machine, transformer, and power equipment design

    CERN Document Server

    Turowski, Janusz

    2013-01-01

    Due to a huge concentration of electromagnetic fields and eddy currents, large power equipment and systems are prone to crushing forces, overheating, and overloading. Luckily, power failures due to disturbances like these can be predicted and/or prevented.Based on the success of internationally acclaimed computer programs, such as the authors' own RNM-3D, Engineering Electrodynamics: Electric Machine, Transformer, and Power Equipment Design explains how to implement industry-proven modeling and design techniques to solve complex electromagnetic phenomena. Considering recent progress in magneti

  4. Design and fabrication of metal briquette machine for shop floor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pramod, R.; Kumar, G. B. Veeresh; Prashanth B., N.

    2017-07-01

    Efforts have to be taken to ensure efficient waste management system in shop floors, with minimum utilization of space and energy when it comes to disposing metal chips formed during machining processes. The salvaging of junk metallic chips and the us e of scrap are important for the economic production of a steelworks. For this purpose, we have fabricated a metal chip compaction machine, which can compact the metal chips into small briquettes. The project started with the survey of chips formed in shop floors and the practices involved in waste management. Study was done on the requirements for a better compaction. The heating chamber was designed taking into consideration the temperature required for an easy compaction of the metal chips. The power source for compaction and the pneumatic design for mechanism was done following the appropriate calculations regarding the air pressure provided and thrust required. The processes were tested under different conditions and found effective. The fabrication of the machine has been explained in detail and the results have been discussed.

  5. Genetic optimization of reliability design of machine element

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭观七; 喻寿益

    2001-01-01

    Canonical genetic algorithms have the defects of prematurity and stagnation when applied in optimization problems. The causes resulting in such phenomena were analyzed and a class of improved genetic algorithm with niche implemented by crossover of similar individuals and (μ+λ) selection was proposed. According to the reliability design theory of machine components, the genetic optimization model of jack clutch was obtained. An optimization instance and some results calculated by improved genetic algorithm were presented. The results of emulations and application show that the improved genetic algorithm with the niche technique can achieve the reliable global convergence and stable convergent velocity almost without any additional calculation expense.

  6. Research on virtual dynamic optimization design for NC machine tools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Ru-fu; GUI Zhong-hua; CHEN Xiao-ping; SUN Qing-hong

    2006-01-01

    Virtual dynamic optimization design can avoid the repeated process from design to trial-manufacture and test. The designer can analyze and optimize the product structures in virtual visualization environment. The design cycle is shortened and the cost is reduced. The paper analyzed the peculiarity of virtual optimization design, and put forwards the thought and flow to implement virtual optimization design. The example to optimize the internal grinder was studied via establishing precise finite element model, modifying the layout of Stiffened Plates and designing parameters of the worktable, and using the technology of modal frequency revision and the technology of multiple tuned damper.The result of optimization design compared the new grinder with the original grinder shows that the entire machine's first orders natural frequency is enhanced by 17%, and the response displacement of the grinding-head has dropped by 28% under the first order natural frequency and by 41% under second order natural frequency. Finally, the dynamic performance of the internal grinder was optimized.

  7. UX Design Innovation: Challenges for Working with Machine Learning as a Design Material

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dove, Graham; Halskov, Kim; Forlizzi, Jodi

    2017-01-01

    Machine learning (ML) is now a fairly established technology, and user experience (UX) designers appear regularly to integrate ML services in new apps, devices, and systems. Interestingly, this technology has not experienced a wealth of design innovation that other technologies have, and this might...

  8. Neural architecture design based on extreme learning machine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bueno-Crespo, Andrés; García-Laencina, Pedro J; Sancho-Gómez, José-Luis

    2013-12-01

    Selection of the optimal neural architecture to solve a pattern classification problem entails to choose the relevant input units, the number of hidden neurons and its corresponding interconnection weights. This problem has been widely studied in many research works but their solutions usually involve excessive computational cost in most of the problems and they do not provide a unique solution. This paper proposes a new technique to efficiently design the MultiLayer Perceptron (MLP) architecture for classification using the Extreme Learning Machine (ELM) algorithm. The proposed method provides a high generalization capability and a unique solution for the architecture design. Moreover, the selected final network only retains those input connections that are relevant for the classification task. Experimental results show these advantages. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. A review of designing machine tool for leanness

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Anil Gupta; T K Kundra

    2012-04-01

    As an ideology, Leanness is not a new concept but still researchers strive for developing new methods to reduce almost all kinds of identified wastages at almost every stage and in every activity — right from design till delivery of final product to the end-customer. Newly developed manufacturing ideologies, paradigms and systems are always critically examined from the point of view of leanness. In other words, leanness is becoming an important evaluation tool to compare the recently developed/pioneered approaches. There has been a gradual evolution of the leanness over the years from the shop floor level of a manufacturing (automobile) organization to almost every operational and management aspect now. The Leanness has undergone and still is undergoing a process of continuous and never-ending evolution due to its inherently built dynamic concept of continuous improvement. Although in the literature a lot of work has been reported to the application of lean tools, principles, theories and methodologies to production systems, but a very few is evident in the area of Lean design process of a product and machine tool. For this reason an attempt is being made here to focus a significant proportion of this paper on evolutionary aspect of leanness from manufacturing to design stage. Also, this paper reviews the concepts and practices being followed till date by the industrialists, researchers and academicians in applying lean tools and techniques in the design of product and machine tools along with the methods to measure the lean improvements in the systems.

  10. Design and market considerations for axial flux superconducting electric machine design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ainslie, M. D.; George, A.; Shaw, R.; Dawson, L.; Winfield, A.; Steketee, M.; Stockley, S.

    2014-05-01

    In this paper, the authors investigate a number of design and market considerations for an axial flux superconducting electric machine design that uses high temperature superconductors. The axial flux machine design is assumed to utilise high temperature superconductors in both wire (stator winding) and bulk (rotor field) forms, to operate over a temperature range of 65-77 K, and to have a power output in the range from 10s of kW up to 1 MW (typical for axial flux machines), with approximately 2-3 T as the peak trapped field in the bulk superconductors. The authors firstly investigate the applicability of this type of machine as a generator in small- and medium-sized wind turbines, including the current and forecasted market and pricing for conventional turbines. Next, a study is also carried out on the machine's applicability as an in-wheel hub motor for electric vehicles. Some recommendations for future applications are made based on the outcome of these two studies. Finally, the cost of YBCO-based superconducting (2G HTS) wire is analysed with respect to competing wire technologies and compared with current conventional material costs and current wire costs for both 1G and 2G HTS are still too great to be economically feasible for such superconducting devices.

  11. Synthesis Optimization for Finite State Machine Design in FPGAs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.UMA

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Synthesis optimization plays a vital role in modern FPGAs in order to achieve high performance, in terms of resource utilization and reducing time consuming test process. Cell-based design techniques, such as standard-cells and FPGAs, together with versatile hardware synthesis are rudiments for a high productivity in ASIC design. As the capacity of FPGAs increases, synthesis tools and efficient synthesis methods for targeted device become more significant to efficiently exploit the resources and logic capacity.The synthesis tool provides the selection of different constraint to optimize the circuit. This paper present s the design and synthesis optimization constraints in FPGA for Finite state machine. The primary goal ofthis sequential logic design is to optimize the speed and area by choosing the proper options available inthe synthesis tool. More over the work focuses the design of FSM with more processes operates at a faster rate and the number of slices utilized in an FPGA is also reduced when compare to single process. Themodule functionality are described using Verilog HDL and performance issues like slice utilized,simulation time, percentage of logic utilization, level of logic are analyzed at 90 nm process technology using SPARTAN6 XC6SLX150 XILINX ISE12.1 tool.

  12. Designing optimal quantum cloning machine for qubit system

    CERN Document Server

    Wu, Xiaohua

    2010-01-01

    Following the work of Niu and Griffiths, in \\emph{Phys.Rev.A 58, 4377(1998)}, we shall investigate the problem, how to design the optimal quantum cloning machines (QCMs) for qubit system, with the help of Bloch-sphere representation. In stead of the quality factor there, the Fiur\\'{a}\\u{s}ek's optimal condition, where the optimal cloning machine should maximize a convex mixture of the average fidelity, is used as the optimality criterion in present protocol. Almost all of the known optimal QCMs in previous works, the cloning for states with fixed polar angle, the phase-covariant cloning, the universal QCMs, the cloning for two arbitrary pure states, and the mirror phase-covariant cloning, should be discussed in a systematic way. The known results, the optimal fidelities for various input ensembles according to different optimality criteria, are recovered here. Our present scheme also offers a general way of constructing the unitary transformation to realize the optimal cloning.

  13. Allergy and Asthma Health Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Of Age Older Adults Allergy and Asthma Health Magazine Women Infant, Children and Teenagers Living With Lung ... written by Respiratory Experts Like no other health magazine, Allergy & Asthma Health Magazine is published by people ...

  14. Limits, modeling and design of high-speed permanent magnet machines

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Borisavljevic, A.

    2011-01-01

    There is a growing number of applications that require fast-rotating machines; motivation for this thesis comes from a project in which downsized spindles for micro-machining have been researched (TU Delft Microfactory project). The thesis focuses on analysis and design of high-speed PM machines and

  15. Design analysis of rotary turret of poucher machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jigar G. Patel

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper present design analysis of rotary turret plate of 5 kg capacity for food product packaging machine. The turret plate has been designed considering two different criteria, first one is inertia force approach with only self-weight of turret plate and second is with mass of pouches. A 3-dimenssional CAD model of rotary turret assembly has been prepared in using solid modelling packages CRE-O. The finite element analysis (FEA of turret plate has been carried out using analysis software ANSYS 15.0. Consideration of inertia force is one of the criteria to analyze the performance and behaviour of component in working condition. The rotational velocity is applied at the central axis of turret and friction less support is applied on inner surface, where shaft is being attached. Also, pressure is applied on the same surface to incorporate the shrink fit condition of the assembly of turret plate with shaft. The boundary conditions as fixed support have been considered at the different sixteen faces, where bolts have been attached. The obtained simulation results for induced stress, deformation and strain depict that the modified design of rotary turret plate is well within the allowable stress limits of considered material. And, further optimization can be performed for topological and strength based more efficient design of turret plate.

  16. Optimal Design Solutions for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    POPESCU, M.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents optimal design solutions for reducing the cogging torque of permanent magnets synchronous machines. A first solution proposed in the paper consists in using closed stator slots that determines a nearly isotropic magnetic structure of the stator core, reducing the mutual attraction between permanent magnets and the slotted armature. To avoid complications in the windings manufacture technology the stator slots are closed using wedges made of soft magnetic composite materials. The second solution consists in properly choosing the combination of pole number and stator slots number that typically leads to a winding with fractional number of slots/pole/phase. The proposed measures for cogging torque reduction are analyzed by means of 2D/3D finite element models developed using the professional Flux software package. Numerical results are discussed and compared with experimental ones obtained by testing a PMSM prototype.

  17. Design and market considerations for axial flux superconducting electric machine design

    CERN Document Server

    Ainslie, Mark D; Shaw, Robert; Dawson, Lewis; Winfield, Andy; Steketee, Marina; Stockley, Simon

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, the authors investigate a number of design and market considerations for an axial flux superconducting electric machine design that uses high temperature superconductors. This work was carried out as part of the University of Cambridge's Centre for Entrepreneurial Learning ETECH Project programme, designed to accelerate entrepreneurship and diffusion of innovations based on early stage and potentially disruptive technologies from the University. The axial flux machine design is assumed to utilise high temperature superconductors in both wire (stator winding) and bulk (rotor field) forms, to operate over a temperature range of 65-77 K, and to have a power output in the range from 10s of kW up to 1 MW (typical for axial flux machines), with approximately 2-3 T as the peak trapped field in the bulk superconductors. The authors firstly investigate the applicability of this type of machine as a generator in small- and medium-sized wind turbines, including the current and forecasted market and pricin...

  18. Ontological modelling of knowledge management for human-machine integrated design of ultra-precision grinding machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Haibo; Yin, Yuehong; Chen, Xing

    2016-11-01

    Despite the rapid development of computer science and information technology, an efficient human-machine integrated enterprise information system for designing complex mechatronic products is still not fully accomplished, partly because of the inharmonious communication among collaborators. Therefore, one challenge in human-machine integration is how to establish an appropriate knowledge management (KM) model to support integration and sharing of heterogeneous product knowledge. Aiming at the diversity of design knowledge, this article proposes an ontology-based model to reach an unambiguous and normative representation of knowledge. First, an ontology-based human-machine integrated design framework is described, then corresponding ontologies and sub-ontologies are established according to different purposes and scopes. Second, a similarity calculation-based ontology integration method composed of ontology mapping and ontology merging is introduced. The ontology searching-based knowledge sharing method is then developed. Finally, a case of human-machine integrated design of a large ultra-precision grinding machine is used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method.

  19. Design Research on Drive System of Underwater Tapping Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YU Kai-an

    2009-01-01

    The underwater tapping machine is composed of a center bit,a tapping cutter,a sesl box,a main drive box,aboring bar assembly,a envelop,a gear case,a counter and so on.The drive system in underwater tapping machine consists of a worm drive,a gear drive system and a screw drive.The worm drive is in the main drive box.The worm is connected with a hydraulic motor and driven by the hydraulic motor.The gear drive system is a combined gear train which is the combinations of the fixed axes and differential gear train in the gear case.On the one hand,by means of the fixed axes gear trains the turn and power of transmission shaft are transferred to the boring bar and the screw rod,causing differential tam between the boring bar and the screw rod.On the other hand,the turns of the boring bar and the screw rod are transferred to the differential gear train.The differential gear train is used to drive a special counter to count axial travel of the boring bar.The screw drive is composed of a feed screw and a nut on the boring bar.There is the differential turn between the boring bar and the feed screw.By means of the nut,the boring bar can feed automatically.With the movement of the sliding gear 7 in the gear case,the designed drive system can also be provided with the ability of fast forward and fast backward movement of the boring bar in its idle motion,restdting in the increase of the tapping efficiency.

  20. Best of Magazines 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Steve

    2010-01-01

    Magazine publishers weathered the difficult recession year of 2009 with admirable resilience. Although several magazines failed and many saw reductions in advertising revenue, a number of new publications have been launched as industry professionals continue to demonstrate their ability to adapt to new technologies and difficult business…

  1. Magazines on the March

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    In 1979,there were only 1,470 magazine titles published in China,most of them focusing on current affairs,literature,social sciences and engineering.By the end of last year,9,386 magazine titles had been produced,their combinedcirculation totaling 2.85 billion copies,and their contents cov-

  2. Electromagnetic Design of a New Electrically Controlled Magnetic Variable-Speed Gearing Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chunhua Liu

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a new electrically controlled magnetic variable-speed gearing (EC-MVSG machine, which is capable of providing controllable gear ratios for hybrid electric vehicle (HEV applications. The key design feature involves the adoption of a magnetic gearing structure and acceptance of the memory machine flux-mnemonic concept. Hence, the proposed machine can not only offer a gear-shifting mechanism for torque and speed transmission, but also provide variable gear ratios for torque and speed variation. The electromagnetic design is studied and discussed. The finite-element method is developed with the hysteresis model to verify the validity of the machine design.

  3. "Complicated Bearers of Cultural Difference" : Canadian Magazines and Trade Policy

    OpenAIRE

    McKend, Heather

    2006-01-01

    Describes the history of Canadian policy on magazines, policy designed primarily to protect Canadian culture in a market heavily dominated by U.S. magazines. Canada's traditional strategy has been to consider magazines as a "cultural exception" to trade regulations. In 2005, Canada was the country first to ratify the UNESCO Convention supporting the protection of cultural diversity as a “sovereign responsibility.”

  4. Design and Modeling of High Performance Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Geest, M.

    2015-01-01

    The electrification of transportation, and especially aerospace transportation, increases the demand for high performance electrical machines. Those machines often need to be fault-tolerant, cheap, highly efficient, light and small, and interface well with the inverter. In addition, the development

  5. Process design for NC machining%数控加工的工艺设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨毅

    2001-01-01

    The steps of process design, details and main points of NC machining are introduced. The method of NC machining process design is presented.%重点介绍了数控加工工艺设计的步骤、内容和要点,提供了数控加工工艺设计的方法。

  6. A 3D Human-Machine Integrated Design and Analysis Framework for Squat Exercises with a Smith Machine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Haerin; Jung, Moonki; Lee, Ki-Kwang; Lee, Sang Hun

    2017-02-06

    In this paper, we propose a three-dimensional design and evaluation framework and process based on a probabilistic-based motion synthesis algorithm and biomechanical analysis system for the design of the Smith machine and squat training programs. Moreover, we implemented a prototype system to validate the proposed framework. The framework consists of an integrated human-machine-environment model as well as a squat motion synthesis system and biomechanical analysis system. In the design and evaluation process, we created an integrated model in which interactions between a human body and machine or the ground are modeled as joints with constraints at contact points. Next, we generated Smith squat motion using the motion synthesis program based on a Gaussian process regression algorithm with a set of given values for independent variables. Then, using the biomechanical analysis system, we simulated joint moments and muscle activities from the input of the integrated model and squat motion. We validated the model and algorithm through physical experiments measuring the electromyography (EMG) signals, ground forces, and squat motions as well as through a biomechanical simulation of muscle forces. The proposed approach enables the incorporation of biomechanics in the design process and reduces the need for physical experiments and prototypes in the development of training programs and new Smith machines.

  7. History magazines in the UK

    OpenAIRE

    Haydn, Terry

    2013-01-01

    The paper explores the phenomenon of popular history magazines as a facet of public history. The UK has seen a substantial increase in the number of popular history magazines available to the public, with some magazines reaching high levels of circulation. The paper looks at the range of magazines available – from ‘heritage’ and ‘family’ history, to special interest magazines, and more ‘serious’ and scholarly history magazines. What is it that makes history magazines sell, and what influence ...

  8. Design and Application on Auto-vending Machine for Cupped Beverage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaowei Jiang

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to design an auto-vending machine for cupped beverage, specifically studying its shape design and color design. The article elaborates that the shape design of this auto-vending machine for cupped beverage should follow the art rule of variation and unity and meanwhile the whole shape still should be simple and direct; the color design of the auto-vending machine for cupped beverage not only should satisfy the request of man-machine coordination and environment and function, but also should value the choice of tone, match the new age request of appreciation beauty and notice novelty. And then the working principle and working process of the auto-vending machine for cupped beverage is introduced, based on which the conclusion has been reached.

  9. Engineering Design of A Gang Drilling Machine Equipped with Jig and Fixtures to Make A Prototype Machine in Birdcage Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddy Widiyono

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper is dealing with the engineering design of a gang drilling machine with jig & fixtures to make a prototype machine. This effort has been done in order to solve the problem which aroused in small business enterprises producing birdcages. The problem was how to minimize the production time in making a lot of holes that have same distance and straightness. Hopefully, the prototype machine can help the small business enterprises to increase their production rate.The design engineering process has been carried out by variant approximation on dowel pin modular fixtures in order to simplify fixtures design. CAD CAM software has also been used as fixtures synthesized method including geometric analysis and three dimensional fixtures assembling. The resulting prototype machine can be well operated and based on the running test, it can be concluded that the greater the motor rotation the greater the power needed. As for teak wood, at 250 rpm motor rotation the power needed is 26.5 watt, and at 400 rpm the motor needs power of 43.6 watt while at 600 rpm the motor needs power of 600 watt. The power consumption is also depends on the type of material, the better the mechanical properties of the materials, the higher the power consumption. For cast iron, the 400 rpm motor rotation needs power as high as 569.7 watt. This prototype of gang drilling machine needs power of 350 watt to make five holes on teak wood while ordinary drilling machine needs total power of 1350 watt.

  10. 刀库专用测试台的设计%Design of Special Tool Magazine Testing Bench

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张中明; 吴晓苏; 陈加明

    2015-01-01

    In order to conveniently apply the stimulus signals to the tool magazine and dynamically observe the instantaneously response of the device in repair process, three layer network structure was adopted to connect the personal computer, programmer con-troller and touch screen aiming to construct a special testing bench topologically. The device could be used to test tool disk, tool pocket and tool arm respectively and comprehensively. The research shows that the testing bench plays an important role in fault location, per-formance analysis and mechanical adjustment in the process of maintaining tool magazine. The displacement of local mechanical parts accompanying signal sampling, curve formation and mathematical modeling can help repair workers find out hidden deeply fault or pro-vide valuable information about the regulation.%为了在刀库维修过程中方便地对其施加激励信号并动态地观测设备的响应状态, 采用三层网络结构将个人计算机、 可编程控制器、 触摸屏以及现场设备进行拓扑连接, 从而构建一个专用测试台. 该设备能够对刀盘、 刀臂和刀套等单元进行分段或综合测试. 研究表明: 测试台在刀库维修过程中的故障定位、 性能分析以及机构调整方面起到了关键作用.伴随着局部机械零件位移过程中的信号采集、 曲线生成以及数学建模可以帮助维修工作者查找隐匿很深的故障或提供有价值的调试过程信息.

  11. USING OF OBJECT-ORIENTED DESIGN PRINCIPLES IN ELECTRIC MACHINES DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Zablodskii, N. N.; V.E. Pliugin; A.N. Petrenko

    2016-01-01

    Purpose. To develop the theoretical basis of electrical machines object-oriented design, mathematical models and software to improve their design synthesis, analysis and optimization. Methodology. We have applied object-oriented design theory in electric machines optimal design and mathematical modelling of electromagnetic transients and electromagnetic field distribution. We have correlated the simulated results with the experimental data obtained by means of the double-stator screw dryer wi...

  12. Machine Learning Strategy for Accelerated Design of Polymer Dielectrics

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mannodi-Kanakkithodi, Arun; Pilania, Ghanshyam; Huan, Tran Doan; Lookman, Turab; Ramprasad, Rampi

    2016-01-01

    .... The polymers are 'fingerprinted' as simple, easily attainable numerical representations, which are mapped to the properties of interest using a machine learning algorithm to develop an on-demand...

  13. design analysis of an existing acha (digitaria exilis) dehulling machine

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PUBLICATIONS1

    The performance of the existing dehulling machine was first evaluated to determine the required modification. Im- ... cation of a high movement and flow of proper- ... This was carried out at the ..... basic load rating or dynamic carrying capacity.

  14. Circular causality and indeterminism in machines for design

    OpenAIRE

    Thomas Fischer

    2014-01-01

    Presenting a hard-to-predict typography-varying system predicated on Nazi-era cryptography, the Enigma cipher machine, this paper illustrates conditions under which unrepeatable phenomena can arise, even from straight-forward mechanisms. Such conditions arise where systems are observed from outside of boundaries that arise through their observation, and where such systems refer to themselves in a circular fashion. It argues that the Enigma cipher machine is isomorphous with Heinz von Foerster...

  15. Design Criteria and Machine Integration of the Ignitor Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi, A.; Coppi, B.

    2010-11-01

    High field, high density compact experiments are the only ones capable of producing, on the basis of available technology and knowledge of plasma physics, plasmas that can reach ignition conditions. The Ignitor machine (R01.32 m, a xb0.47x0.83 m^2, BTCATIA-V software. A complete structural analysis has verified that the machine can withstand the forces produced for all the main operational scenarios.

  16. Script Controlled Modeling of Low Noise Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines by using JMAG Designer

    OpenAIRE

    RUSU Tiberiu; BÎRTE Ovidiu; SZABÓ Loránd; MARŢIŞ Claudia Steluţa

    2013-01-01

    This paper deals with the parameterizedmodeling of permanent magnet synchronous machines(PMSM) by means of JMAG Designer, an advancedsimulation software for electromechanical design. Thismethod enables the designer to simulate diverse topologies ofthe machines by only changing some basic parameters of thescript controlling the preprocessing phase of the simulations.For this purpose a graphical user interface for modeling themachine was built up in Visual Basic. Thru it the users canenter the ...

  17. An exploration of the basis for patient complaints about the oldness of magazines in practice waiting rooms: cohort study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alrutz, Stowe; Moyes, Simon

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the basis for patient complaints about the oldness of most magazines in practice waiting rooms. Design Cohort study. Setting Waiting room of a general practice in Auckland, New Zealand. Participants 87 magazines stacked into three mixed piles and placed in the waiting room: this included non-gossipy magazines (Time magazine, the Economist, Australian Women’s Weekly, National Geographic, BBC History) and gossipy ones (not identified for fear of litigation). Gossipy was defined as having five or more photographs of celebrities on the front cover and most gossipy as having up to 10 such images. Interventions The magazines were marked with a unique number on the back cover, placed in three piles in the waiting room, and monitored twice weekly. Main outcome measures Disappearance of magazines less than 2 months old versus magazines 3-12 months old, the overall rate of loss of magazines, and the rate of loss of gossipy versus non-gossipy magazines. Results 47 of the 82 magazines with a visible date on the front cover were aged less than 2 months. 28 of these 47 (60%) magazines and 10 of the 35 (29%) older magazines disappeared (P=0.002). After 31 days, 41 of the 87 (47%, 95% confidence interval 37% to 58%) magazines had disappeared. None of the 19 non-gossipy magazines (the Economist and Time magazine) had disappeared compared with 26 of the 27 (96%) gossipy magazines (Pmagazines and all 19 of the non-gossipy magazines had disappeared by 31 days. The study was terminated at this point. Conclusions General practice waiting rooms contain mainly old magazines. This phenomenon relates to the disappearance of the magazines rather than to the supply of old ones. Gossipy magazines were more likely to disappear than non-gossipy ones. On the grounds of cost we advise practices to supply old copies of non-gossipy magazines. A waiting room science curriculum is urgently needed. PMID:25500116

  18. Consensus Control Design for 360 MN Extrusion Machine Producing Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chao Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper mainly addresses the issue of 360 MN extrusion machine and focuses on the stabilization control of main table attitude. We will first introduce the problem and then model the extrusion machine. As the machine is a multi-input multioutput (MIMO and strong coupling system, it is challenging to apply existing control theory to design a controller to stabilize the main table attitude. Motivated by recent research in the field of multiagent systems, we design a consensus control protocol for our system and derive our convergence conditions based directly on Routh stability criterion. The advantages of the design are also demonstrated by numerical simulation.

  19. Design and Construction of a Spring Stiffness Testing Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olugboji Oluwafemi Ayodeji

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available A spring stiffness testing machine was produced which differentiates a good spring from bad one using hydraulic principle and locally sourced materials were used to produce at relative low cost and high efficiency. It also categories each spring by stiffness into one of several distinct categories based on its performance under test. This is to ensure that in the final assembly process, springs with similar performance characteristics are mated to ensure a better ride, more précised handling and improved overall vehicle or equipment performance. The construction of the machine involves basically the fabrication process which includes such operation as cutting, benching, welding, grinding, drilling, machining, casting and screw fastening. Taken into consideration under test, were types of compression springs with varying spring loading and their different displacement recorded at different pressures to compare their stiffness.

  20. Circular causality and indeterminism in machines for design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Fischer

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Presenting a hard-to-predict typography-varying system predicated on Nazi-era cryptography, the Enigma cipher machine, this paper illustrates conditions under which unrepeatable phenomena can arise, even from straight-forward mechanisms. Such conditions arise where systems are observed from outside of boundaries that arise through their observation, and where such systems refer to themselves in a circular fashion. It argues that the Enigma cipher machine is isomorphous with Heinz von Foersters portrayals of non-triviality in his non-trivial machine (NTM, but not with surprising human behaviour, and it demonstrates that the NTM does not account for spontaneity as it is observed in humans in general.

  1. Electric machines steady state, transients, and design with Matlab

    CERN Document Server

    Boldea, Ion

    2009-01-01

    Part I: Steady StateIntroductionElectric Energy and Electric MachinesBasic Types of Transformers and Electric MachinesLosses and EfficiencyPhysical Limitations and RatingsNameplate RatingsMethods of AnalysisState of the Art and Perspective Electric TransformersAC Coil with Magnetic Core and Transformer Principles Magnetic Materials in EMs and Their LossesElectric Conductors and Their Skin EffectsComponents of Single- and 3-Phase TransformersFlux Linkages and Inductances of Single-Phase TransformersCircuit Equations of Single-Phase Transformers With Core LossesSteady State and Equivalent Circui

  2. Perception of Women in Magazine Advertising.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Susan R.; Rossi, Joseph S.

    Advertising research has indicated that a high degree of sexism toward women occurs in magazine and television advertising. However, the design of such marketing studies is different from the designs typically used in most psychological research. An experimental approach was used for a study in which 137 college students rated 10 control and 10…

  3. Games and mechanism design in machine scheduling - an introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heydenreich, Birgit; Müller, Rudolf; Uetz, Marc Jochen

    We survey different models, techniques, and some recent results to tackle machine scheduling problems within a distributed setting. In traditional optimization, a central authority is asked to solve a (computationally hard) optimization problem. In contrast, in distributed settings there are several

  4. Engineering artificial machines from designable DNA materials for biomedical applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qi, Hao; Huang, Guoyou; Han, Yulong; Zhang, Xiaohui; Li, Yuhui; Pingguan-Murphy, Belinda; Lu, Tian Jian; Xu, Feng; Wang, Lin

    2015-06-01

    Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) emerges as building bricks for the fabrication of nanostructure with complete artificial architecture and geometry. The amazing ability of DNA in building two- and three-dimensional structures raises the possibility of developing smart nanomachines with versatile controllability for various applications. Here, we overviewed the recent progresses in engineering DNA machines for specific bioengineering and biomedical applications.

  5. A Multilevel Design Method of Large-scale Machine System Oriented Network Environment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Shuiping; HE Jianjun

    2006-01-01

    The design of large-scale machine system is a very complex problem. These design problems usually have a lot of design variables and constraints so that they are difficult to be solved rapidly and efficiently by using conventional methods. In this paper, a new multilevel design method oriented network environment is proposed, which maps the design problem of large-scale machine system into a hypergraph with degree of linking strength (DLS) between vertices. By decomposition of hypergraph, this method can divide the complex design problem into some small and simple subproblems that can be solved concurrently in a network.

  6. Design and Construction Multi Output Power Transmition with Single Prime Mover on Agricultural Products Machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koten, V. K.; Tanamal, C. E.

    2017-03-01

    Manufacturing agricultural products by the farmers, people or person who involve in medium industry, small industry, and households industry still be done in separately. Although the power on primemover is enough, in operations, primemover was only to move one of several agricultural products machine. This study attempts to design and construct power transmition multi output with single primemover; a single construction that allows primemover move some agricultur products machine in the same or not. This study begins with the determination of production capacity and the power to destroy products, the determination of resources and rotation, normalization of resources and rotation, the determination of the type material used, the size determination of each machine elements, construction machine elements, and assemble machine elements into a construction multi output power transmition with single primemover on agricultural products machine. The results show that with a input normalization 4 PK (2984 Watt), rotation 2000 rpm, the strength of material 60 kg/mm2, and several operating consideration, thus obtained size of machine elements through calculation. Based on the size, the machine elements is made through the use of some machine tools and assembled to form a multi output power transmition with single primemover.

  7. A New Approach on the Design and Optimization of Brushless Doubly-Fed Reluctance Machines

    OpenAIRE

    Staudt, Tiago; Wurtz, Frédéric; Gerbaud, Laurent; Batistela, Nelson Jhoe; Kuo-Peng, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    International audience; The Brushless Doubly-Fed Reluctance Machine (BDFRM) is being considered as a viable generator alternative to be used in wind turbines. A literature review shows that there is still a lack of researches to define a design procedure to make this machine widely used in such application. This paper aims to address this issue by considering a new BDFRM design method using a reluctance network approach and the concepts of sizing and optimization models. It also presents a ca...

  8. Machine-Learning Approach for Design of Nanomagnetic-Based Antennas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gianfagna, Carmine; Yu, Huan; Swaminathan, Madhavan; Pulugurtha, Raj; Tummala, Rao; Antonini, Giulio

    2017-08-01

    We propose a machine-learning approach for design of planar inverted-F antennas with a magneto-dielectric nanocomposite substrate. It is shown that machine-learning techniques can be efficiently used to characterize nanomagnetic-based antennas by accurately mapping the particle radius and volume fraction of the nanomagnetic material to antenna parameters such as gain, bandwidth, radiation efficiency, and resonant frequency. A modified mixing rule model is also presented. In addition, the inverse problem is addressed through machine learning as well, where given the antenna parameters, the corresponding design space of possible material parameters is identified.

  9. Design of axial-flux permanent-magnet low-speed machines and performance comparison between radial-flux and axial-flux machines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parviainen, A.

    2005-07-01

    This thesis presents an alternative approach to the analytical design of surface-mounted axial-flux permanent-magnet machines. Emphasis has been placed on the design of axial-flux machines with a one-rotor-two-stators configuration. The design model developed in this study incorporates facilities to include both the electromagnetic design and thermal design of the machine as well as to take into consideration the complexity of the permanent-magnet shapes, which is a typical requirement for the design of high-performance permanent-magnet motors. A prototype machine with rated 5 kW output power at 300 min{sup -1} rotation speed has been designed and constructed for the purposes of ascertaining the results obtained from the analytical design model. A comparative study of low-speed axial-flux and low-speed radial-flux permanent-magnet machines is presented. The comparative study concentrates on 55 kW machines with rotation speeds 150 min{sup -1}, 300 min{sup -1} and 600 min{sup -1} and is based on calculated designs. A novel comparison method is introduced. The method takes into account the mechanical constraints of the machine and enables comparison of the designed machines, with respect to the volume, efficiency and cost aspects of each machine. It is shown that an axial-flux permanent-magnet machine with one-rotor-two-stators configuration has generally a weaker efficiency than a radial-flux permanent-magnet machine if for all designs the same electric loading, air-gap flux density and current density have been applied. On the other hand, axial-flux machines are usually smaller in volume, especially when compared to radial-flux machines for which the length ratio (axial length of stator stack vs. air-gap diameter) is below 0.5. The comparison results show also that radial-flux machines with a low number of pole pairs, p < 4, outperform the corresponding axial-flux machines. (orig.)

  10. THE DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF VIBRATION STRUCTURE OF VERTICAL DYNAMIC BALANCING MACHINE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiDinggen; CaoJiguang; WangJtmwen; ChenChuanyao

    2004-01-01

    A new type of vibration structure (i.e. supporting system, called swing frame customarily) of vertical dynamic balancing machine has been designed, which is based on an analysis for the swing frame of a traditional double-plane vertical dynamic balancing machine. The static unbalance and couple unbalance can be effectively separated by using the new dynamic balancing machine with the new swing frame. By building the dynamics model, the advantages of the new structure are discussed in detail. The modal and harmonic response are analyzed by using the ANSYS7.0. By comparing the finite element modal analysis with the experimental modal analysis, the natural frequencies and vibration modes are found. There are many spring boards in the new swing frame. Their stiffnesses are different and assorted with each other. Furthermore, there are three sensors on the measuring points. Therefore, the new dynamic balancing machine can measure static unbalance and coupling unbalance directly, and the interaction between them is faint. The result shows that the new vertical dynamic balancing machine is suitable for inertial measurement of flying objects, and can overcome the shortcomings of traditional double-plane vertical dynamic balancing machines, which the effect of plane-separation is inferior. The vertical dynamic balancing machine with the new vibration structure can find wide application in the future. The modelling and analysis of the new vibration structure will provide theoretical basis and practical experience for designing new-type vertical dynamic balancing machines.

  11. Technological and economical analysis of salient pole and permanent magnet synchronous machines designed for wind turbines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gündoğdu, Tayfun; Kömürgöz, Güven

    2012-08-01

    Chinese export restrictions already reduced the planning reliability for investments in permanent magnet wind turbines. Today the production of permanent magnets consumes the largest proportion of rare earth elements, with 40% of the rare earth-based magnets used for generators and other electrical machines. The cost and availability of NdFeB magnets will likely determine the production rate of permanent magnet generators. The high volatility of rare earth metals makes it very difficult to quote a price. Prices may also vary from supplier to supplier to an extent of up to 50% for the same size, shape and quantity with a minor difference in quality. The paper presents the analysis and the comparison of salient pole with field winding and of peripheral winding synchronous electrical machines, presenting important advantages. A neodymium alloy magnet rotor structure has been considered and compared to the salient rotor case. The Salient Pole Synchronous Machine and the Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine were designed so that the plate values remain constant. The Eddy current effect on the windings is taken into account during the design, and the efficiency, output power and the air-gap flux density obtained after the simulation were compared. The analysis results clearly indicate that Salient Pole Synchronous Machine designs would be attractive to wind power companies. Furthermore, the importance of the design of electrical machines and the determination of criteria are emphasized. This paper will be a helpful resource in terms of examination and comparison of the basic structure and magnetic features of the Salient Pole Synchronous Machine and Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine. Furthermore, an economic analysis of the designed machines was conducted.

  12. New trends in cold-chamber die casting machine design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Dańko

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Larger and larger proportions of aluminium castings, especially those produced by the die casting process, can be observed during recent years in the automotive industry, house-hold articles and others. In case of the automotive industry, apart from the traditional elements produced by the die pressure method such as engine blocks or crank shaft bedplates, aluminium is displacing steel from structural parts of cars (‘body in white’. The current state and development directions of the structural solutions of cold-chamber die castings are analysed in this paper. These solutions drive the prospective development of these machines and die casting technology. The focus is mainly on essential functional systems such as: hydraulic drives of closing and locking units, as well as pressing in die machines of known companies present on the European market.

  13. Dry Machining Tool Design via Chlorine Ion Implantation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tatsuhiko Aizawa; Atsushi Mitsuo; Shigeo Yamamoto; Shinji Muraishi; Taro Sumitomo

    2004-01-01

    Dry machining has become a key issue to significantly reduce the wastes of used lubricants and cleaning agents and to improve the environmental consciousness for medical and food applications of special tooling. Since the tools and metallic works are in direct contact in dry, severe adhesive wear and oxidation are thought to occur even at the presence of hard protective coatings. Self-lubrication mechanism with use of lubricous oxide films is found to be effective for dry machining. Through the chlorine ion implantation to tools, titanium base oxides are in-situ formed on the tool surface.This oxide deforms elasto-plastically so that both friction coefficient and wear volume are reduced even in the high-speed cutting.

  14. New trends in cold-chamber die casting machine design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    R. Dańko; W. Kowalczyk

    2015-01-01

    Larger and larger proportions of aluminium castings, especial y those produced by the die casting process, can be observed during recent years in the automotive industry, house-hold articles and others. In case of the automotive industry, apart from the traditional elements produced by the die pressure method such as engine blocks or crank shaft bedplates, aluminium is displacing steel from structural parts of cars (‘body in white’). The current state and development directions of the structural solutions of cold-chamber die castings are analysed in this paper. These solutions drive the prospective development of these machines and die casting technology. The focus is mainly on essential functional systems such as:hydraulic drives of closing and locking units, as wel as pressing in die machines of known companies present on the European market.

  15. Dry Machining Tool Design via Chlorine Ion Implantation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TatsuhikoAizawa; AtsushiMitsuo; ShigeoYamamoto; ShinjiMuraishi; TaroSumitomo

    2004-01-01

    Dry machining has become a key issue to significantly reduce the wastes of used lubricants and cleaning agents and to improve the environmental consciousness for medical and food applications of special tooling. Since the tools and metallic works are in direct contact in dry, severe adhesive wear and oxidation are thought to occur even at the presence of hard protective coatings. Self-lubrication mechanism with use of lubricous oxide films is found to be effective for dry machining. Through the chlorine ion implantation to tools, titanium base oxides are in-situ formed on the tool surface. This oxide deforms elasto-plastically so that both friction coefficient and wear volume are reduced even in the high-speed cutting.

  16. Design of a novel parallel reconfigurable machine tool

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Modungwa, D

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available equipment, with high stiffness. Each worn out mould or die has different defects, which requires different mechanical processing and positioning of the reconditioning tools. Conventional machine tools and serial manipulators have been found incapable... and philosophy of re-configurability. The structure is influenced by 1) specifications for the repair and re- conditioning of moulds and dies, and 2) the manufacturing processes involved. 1. INTRODUCTION Serial manipulators have been used extensively...

  17. Modular reconfigurable machine tools: design, control and evaluation

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Padayachee, J

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available -process capacity scaling. Scalable production capacity and adjustable system functionality are the key objectives of reconfigurable manufacturing. Index terms: Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems, Modular Reconfigurable Machines, Open Architecture Control...] identify the fixed mechanical architectures and proprietary control systems found in CNC and DMT equipment as the specific drawback in effectively implementing these classes of equipment in RMS. Koren et al.[3] proposed the development of reconfigurable...

  18. The art and science of rotating field machines design a practical approach

    CERN Document Server

    Ostović, Vlado

    2017-01-01

    This book highlights procedures utilized by the design departments of leading global manufacturers, offering readers essential insights into the electromagnetic and thermal design of rotating field (induction and synchronous) electric machines. Further, it details the physics of the key phenomena involved in the machines’ operation, conducts a thorough analysis and synthesis of polyphase windings, and presents the tools and methods used in the evaluation of winding performance. The book develops and solves the machines’ magnetic circuits, and determines their electromagnetic forces and torques. Special attention is paid to thermal problems in electrical machines, along with fluid flow computations. With a clear emphasis on the practical aspects of electric machine design and synthesis, the author applies his nearly 40 years of professional experience with electric machine manufacturers – both as an employee and consultant – to provide readers with the tools they need to determine fluid flow parameters...

  19. USING OF OBJECT-ORIENTED DESIGN PRINCIPLES IN ELECTRIC MACHINES DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.N. Zablodskii

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To develop the theoretical basis of electrical machines object-oriented design, mathematical models and software to improve their design synthesis, analysis and optimization. Methodology. We have applied object-oriented design theory in electric machines optimal design and mathematical modelling of electromagnetic transients and electromagnetic field distribution. We have correlated the simulated results with the experimental data obtained by means of the double-stator screw dryer with an external solid rotor, brushless turbo-generator exciter and induction motor with squirrel cage rotor. Results. We have developed object-oriented design methodology, transient mathematical modelling and electromagnetic field equations templates for cylindrical electrical machines, improved and remade Cartesian product and genetic optimization algorithms. This allows to develop electrical machines classifications models, included not only structure development but also parallel synthesis of mathematical models and design software, to improve electric machines efficiency and technical performance. Originality. For the first time, we have applied a new way of design and modelling of electrical machines, which is based on the basic concepts of the object-oriented analysis. For the first time is suggested to use a single class template for structural and system organization of electrical machines, invariant to their specific variety. Practical value. We have manufactured screw dryer for coil dust drying and mixing based on the performed object-oriented theory. We have developed object-oriented software for design and optimization of induction motor with squirrel cage rotor of AIR series and brushless turbo-generator exciter. The experimental studies have confirmed the adequacy of the developed object-oriented design methodology.

  20. Design and accuracy analysis of a metamorphic CNC flame cutting machine for ship manufacturing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Shenghai; Zhang, Manhui; Zhang, Baoping; Chen, Xi; Yu, Wei

    2016-09-01

    The current research of processing large size fabrication holes on complex spatial curved surface mainly focuses on the CNC flame cutting machines design for ship hull of ship manufacturing. However, the existing machines cannot meet the continuous cutting requirements with variable pass conditions through their fixed configuration, and cannot realize high-precision processing as the accuracy theory is not studied adequately. This paper deals with structure design and accuracy prediction technology of novel machine tools for solving the problem of continuous and high-precision cutting. The needed variable trajectory and variable pose kinematic characteristics of non-contact cutting tool are figured out and a metamorphic CNC flame cutting machine designed through metamorphic principle is presented. To analyze kinematic accuracy of the machine, models of joint clearances, manufacturing tolerances and errors in the input variables and error models considering the combined effects are derived based on screw theory after establishing ideal kinematic models. Numerical simulations, processing experiment and trajectory tracking experiment are conducted relative to an eccentric hole with bevels on cylindrical surface respectively. The results of cutting pass contour and kinematic error interval which the position error is from-0.975 mm to +0.628 mm and orientation error is from-0.01 rad to +0.01 rad indicate that the developed machine can complete cutting process continuously and effectively, and the established kinematic error models are effective although the interval is within a `large' range. It also shows the matching property between metamorphic principle and variable working tasks, and the mapping correlation between original designing parameters and kinematic errors of machines. This research develops a metamorphic CNC flame cutting machine and establishes kinematic error models for accuracy analysis of machine tools.

  1. Optimal Design of the Transverse Flux Machine Using a Fitted Genetic Algorithm with Real Parameters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Argeseanu, Alin; Ritchie, Ewen; Leban, Krisztina Monika

    2012-01-01

    This paper applies a fitted genetic algorithm (GA) to the optimal design of transverse flux machine (TFM). The main goal is to provide a tool for the optimal design of TFM that is an easy to use. The GA optimizes the analytic basic design of two TFM topologies: the C-core and the U-core. First...

  2. Design of an ARM-based Automatic Rice-Selling Machine for Cafeterias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiliang Kang

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available To address the problems of low selling efficiency, poor sanitation conditions, labor-intensive requirement, and quick rice cooling speed in manual rice selling in cafeterias, especially in colleges and secondary schools, this paper presented an Advanced RISC Machines (ARM microprocessor-based rice-selling machine for cafeterias. The machines consisted of a funnel-shaped rice bin, a thermal insulation box, and a conveying and scattering mechanism. Moreover, this machine exerts fuzzy control over stepper motor rpm, and the motor drives the conveyor belt with a scraper to scatter rice, deliver it, and keep it warm. Apart from an external 4*4 keyboard, a point of sale (POS machine, an ARM process and a pressure sensor, the machine is also equipped with card swiping and weighting mechanisms to achieve functions of card swiping payment and precise measurement, respectively. In addition, detection of the right amount of rice and the alarm function are achieved using an ultrasonic sensor and a beeper, respectively. The presence of the rice container on the rice outlet is detected by an optoelectronic switch. Results show that this rice-selling machine achieves precise measurement, quick card swiping, fast rice selling, stable operation, and good rice heat preservation. Therefore, the mechanical design enables the machine to achieve its goals.

  3. Green Project System Design of Machine Process Factory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    As the specialty of the product and the dim conscio us ness of environmental protection, the status of dirty, chaos and difference is l ong-term existed in the machine process factory. It seriously affects workers' work and living environment, and restricts the total level of the environment p rotection in our country. The project is the fatal scientific research task of H enan province in 2001. As the members' endeavor of task group, we have finished the total plan of green project system and some other ...

  4. Optimization design of an interior permanent-magnet synchronous machine for a hybrid hydraulic excavator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Qi-huai CHEN; Qing-feng WANG; Tao WANG

    2015-01-01

    A hybrid power transmission system (HPTS) is a promising way to save energy in a hydraulic excavator and the electric machine is one of the key components of the system. In this paper, a design process for permanent-magnet synchronous machines (PMSMs) in a hybrid hydraulic excavator (HHE) is presented based on the analysis of the working conditions and requirements of an HHE. A parameterized design approach, which combines the analytical model and the 2D finite element method (FEM), is applied to the electric machine to improve the design efficiency and accuracy. The analytical model is employed to optimize the electric machine efficiency and obtain the stator dimension and flux density distribution. The rotor is designed with the FEM to satisfy the flux requirements obtained in stator design. The rotor configuration of the PMSM employs an interior magnet structure, thus resulting in some inverse saliency, which allows for much higher values in magnetic flux density. To reduce the rotor leakage, a disconnected type silicon steel block structure is adopted. To improve the air gap flux density distribution, the trapezoid permanent magnet (PM) and centrifugal rotor structure are applied to PMSM. Demagnetization and armature reactions are also taken into consideration and calculated by the FEM. A prototype of the newly designed electric machine has been fabri-cated and tested on the experimental platform. The analytical design results are validated by measurements.

  5. Research on Design Method of Intelligent Vending Machine for Cupped Beverage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaowei Jiang

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to design an intelligent vending machine for cupped beverage, specifically researching its humanized design, shape design, color design and the main mechanism design including the beverage powder transporting mechanism, paper cups detaching mechanism and paper cups slide mechanism. The study elaborates that the design of beverage powder transporting mechanism is mainly the selection of electromagnet and the determination of electromagnet stroke, requiring that the electromagnet stroke and the maximum weight that the electromagnet could bear should have rationality, to ensure its safe operation; the design of paper cups detaching mechanism mainly includes selecting electric motor and V belt; the design of paper cups slide mechanism mainly presents the design of slide structure. And then the design of control modules of the intelligent vending machine for cupped beverage is introduced, based on which the conclusion has been reached.

  6. Inrush Current Simulation of Two Windings Power Transformer using Machine Parameters Estimated by Design Procedure of Winding Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokunaga, Yoshitaka; Kubota, Kunihiro

    This paper presents estimation techniques of machine parameters for two windings power transformer using design procedure of winding structure. Especially, it is very difficult to obtain machine parameters for transformers in customers' facilities. Using estimation techniques, machine parameters could be calculated from the only nameplate data of these transformers. Subsequently, EMTP-ATP simulation of the inrush current was carried out using machine parameters estimated by design procedure of winding structure and simulation results were reproduced measured waveforms.

  7. Software design of the hybrid robot machine for ITER vacuum vessel assembly and maintenance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Ming, E-mail: Ming.Li@lut.fi [Laboratory of Intelligent Machines, Lappeenranta University of Technology (Finland); Wu, Huapeng; Handroos, Heikki [Laboratory of Intelligent Machines, Lappeenranta University of Technology (Finland); Yang, Guangyou [School of Mechanical Engineering, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan (China)

    2013-10-15

    A specific software design is elaborated in this paper for the hybrid robot machine used for the ITER vacuum vessel (VV) assembly and maintenance. In order to provide the multi-machining-function as well as the complicated, flexible and customizable GUI designing satisfying the non-standardized VV assembly process in one hand, and in another hand guarantee the stringent machining precision in the real-time motion control of robot machine, a client–server-control software architecture is proposed, which separates the user interaction, data communication and robot control implementation into different software layers. Correspondingly, three particular application protocols upon the TCP/IP are designed to transmit the data, command and status between the client and the server so as to deal with the abundant data streaming in the software. In order not to be affected by the graphic user interface (GUI) modification process in the future experiment in VV assembly working field, the real-time control system is realized as a stand-alone module in the architecture to guarantee the controlling performance of the robot machine. After completing the software development, a milling operation is tested on the robot machine, and the result demonstrates that both the specific GUI operability and the real-time motion control performance could be guaranteed adequately in the software design.

  8. Intelligent Human Machine Interface Design for Advanced Product Life Cycle Management Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Ahmed, Zeeshan

    2010-01-01

    Designing and implementing an intelligent and user friendly human machine interface for any kind of software or hardware oriented application is always be a challenging task for the designers and developers because it is very difficult to understand the psychology of the user, nature of the work and best suit of the environment. This research paper is basically about to propose an intelligent, flexible and user friendly machine interface for Product Life Cycle Management products or PDM Systems since studies show that usability and human computer interaction issues are a major cause of acceptance problems introducing or using such systems. Going into details of the proposition, we present prototype implementations about theme based on design requirements, designed designs and technologies involved for the development of human machine interface.

  9. Best Magazines of 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couch, Clayton A.

    2007-01-01

    Deeming 2006 disappointing for the magazine industry may be an exaggeration. Nevertheless, publishers have undoubtedly seen better years. Advertising revenue declined for a number of popular print titles, with publications such as "Field & Stream," "Outdoor Life," "Vanity Fair," "The New Yorker," "Skiing," and "Jane" shedding significant numbers…

  10. Creating Pupils' Internet Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bognar, Branko; Šimic, Vesna

    2014-01-01

    This article presents an action research, which aimed to improve pupils' literary creativity and enable them to use computers connected to the internet. The study was conducted in a small district village school in Croatia. Creating a pupils' internet magazine appeared to be an excellent way for achieving the educational aims of almost all…

  11. Manufacturing complexity evaluation at the design stage for both machining and layered manufacturing

    OpenAIRE

    Kerbrat, Olivier; MOGNOL, Pascal; Hascoët, Jean-Yves

    2010-01-01

    International audience; In this paper, a methodology to estimate manufacturing complexity for both machining and layered manufacturing is proposed in order to realize tools (dies or molds) by a combination of a subtractive and an additive process. Manufacturability indexes are calculated at the tool design stage, these indexes provide an accurate view of which areas of the tool will advantageously be machined or manufactured by an additive process. In this case, tools are not seen as single p...

  12. Manufacturing complexity evaluation at the design stage for both machining and layered manufacturing

    OpenAIRE

    Kerbrat, Olivier; Mognol, Pascal; Hascoët, Jean-Yves

    2010-01-01

    International audience; In this paper, a methodology to estimate manufacturing complexity for both machining and layered manufacturing is proposed in order to realize tools (dies or molds) by a combination of a subtractive and an additive process. Manufacturability indexes are calculated at the tool design stage, these indexes provide an accurate view of which areas of the tool will advantageously be machined or manufactured by an additive process. In this case, tools are not seen as single p...

  13. The Evolution in U.S. Time Magazine Cover Design Style%美国《时代》周刊封面设计风格的演变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    褚梦茜

    2012-01-01

    美国《时代》周刊自1923年创办至今,其封面设计风格历经演变:20世纪20年代至40年代,受现代主义设计思潮影响而具有朴素、保守、严谨之风格;20世纪50年代至70年代受到国际主义平面设计风格影响而形成了理性、刻板与现代之风格;20世纪80年代至21世纪初,信息时代使设计呈现出多元化发展的趋势,从受里特罗设计影响而具有装饰主义风格,到应用计算机技术进行图形创意表现的趣味性概念化风格,再到2007改版后的崇尚复古怀旧的简约风格。美国《时代》周刊在封面设计风格的演变中不断完善,并形成了个性鲜明的品牌封面特色。作为时代价值的标签,《时代》周刊的封面将是任何杂志都无法复制的。%Since Time magazine was launched in 1923, the style of its cover design has gone through many stages, which include: simple, conservative and rigorous style during 1920s- 40s influenced by modernist design; rational, stereotyped and modern style during 1950s--70s influenced by the internationalism graphic design; the style of diversi- fication because of the development of the information age, the style full of decorative features and the style of fun and conceptualization supported by computer technology in graphical creative expression during 1980s to the early 21 s, century. The style of simplicity and retro nostalgia are advocated after the magazine being revised in 2007. With the continuous developments in Time magazine cover design style, it forms a distinctive brand. As the label of its value, Time magazine cover will be the one that none of other magazines could copy.

  14. Design and Experimental Validation for Direct-Drive Fault-Tolerant Permanent-Magnet Vernier Machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Guohai; Yang, Junqin; Chen, Ming; Chen, Qian

    2014-01-01

    A fault-tolerant permanent-magnet vernier (FT-PMV) machine is designed for direct-drive applications, incorporating the merits of high torque density and high reliability. Based on the so-called magnetic gearing effect, PMV machines have the ability of high torque density by introducing the flux-modulation poles (FMPs). This paper investigates the fault-tolerant characteristic of PMV machines and provides a design method, which is able to not only meet the fault-tolerant requirements but also keep the ability of high torque density. The operation principle of the proposed machine has been analyzed. The design process and optimization are presented specifically, such as the combination of slots and poles, the winding distribution, and the dimensions of PMs and teeth. By using the time-stepping finite element method (TS-FEM), the machine performances are evaluated. Finally, the FT-PMV machine is manufactured, and the experimental results are presented to validate the theoretical analysis. PMID:25045729

  15. Design and Experimental Validation for Direct-Drive Fault-Tolerant Permanent-Magnet Vernier Machines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guohai Liu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A fault-tolerant permanent-magnet vernier (FT-PMV machine is designed for direct-drive applications, incorporating the merits of high torque density and high reliability. Based on the so-called magnetic gearing effect, PMV machines have the ability of high torque density by introducing the flux-modulation poles (FMPs. This paper investigates the fault-tolerant characteristic of PMV machines and provides a design method, which is able to not only meet the fault-tolerant requirements but also keep the ability of high torque density. The operation principle of the proposed machine has been analyzed. The design process and optimization are presented specifically, such as the combination of slots and poles, the winding distribution, and the dimensions of PMs and teeth. By using the time-stepping finite element method (TS-FEM, the machine performances are evaluated. Finally, the FT-PMV machine is manufactured, and the experimental results are presented to validate the theoretical analysis.

  16. Design and experimental validation for direct-drive fault-tolerant permanent-magnet vernier machines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Guohai; Yang, Junqin; Chen, Ming; Chen, Qian

    2014-01-01

    A fault-tolerant permanent-magnet vernier (FT-PMV) machine is designed for direct-drive applications, incorporating the merits of high torque density and high reliability. Based on the so-called magnetic gearing effect, PMV machines have the ability of high torque density by introducing the flux-modulation poles (FMPs). This paper investigates the fault-tolerant characteristic of PMV machines and provides a design method, which is able to not only meet the fault-tolerant requirements but also keep the ability of high torque density. The operation principle of the proposed machine has been analyzed. The design process and optimization are presented specifically, such as the combination of slots and poles, the winding distribution, and the dimensions of PMs and teeth. By using the time-stepping finite element method (TS-FEM), the machine performances are evaluated. Finally, the FT-PMV machine is manufactured, and the experimental results are presented to validate the theoretical analysis.

  17. Design Enhancement and Performance Examination of External Rotor Switched Flux Permanent Magnet Machine for Downhole Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, R.; Sulaiman, E.; Soomro, H. A.; Jusoh, L. I.; Bahrim, F. S.; Omar, M. F.

    2017-08-01

    The recent change in innovation and employments of high-temperature magnets, permanent magnet flux switching machine (PMFSM) has turned out to be one of the suitable contenders for seaward boring, however, less intended for downhole because of high atmospheric temperature. Subsequently, this extensive review manages the design enhancement and performance examination of external rotor PMFSM for the downhole application. Preparatory, the essential design parameters required for machine configuration are computed numerically. At that point, the design enhancement strategy is actualized through deterministic technique. At last, preliminary and refined execution of the machine is contrasted and as a consequence, the yield torque is raised from 16.39Nm to 33.57Nm while depreciating the cogging torque and PM weight up to 1.77Nm and 0.79kg, individually. In this manner, it is inferred that purposed enhanced design of 12slot-22pole with external rotor is convenient for the downhole application.

  18. Design and Performance Improvement of AC Machines Sharing a Common Stator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Lusu

    With the increasing demand on electric motors in various industrial applications, especially electric powered vehicles (electric cars, more electric aircrafts and future electric ships and submarines), both synchronous reluctance machines (SynRMs) and interior permanent magnet (IPM) machines are recognized as good candidates for high performance variable speed applications. Developing a single stator design which can be used for both SynRM and IPM motors is a good way to reduce manufacturing and maintenance cost. SynRM can be used as a low cost solution for many electric driving applications and IPM machines can be used in power density crucial circumstances or work as generators to meet the increasing demand for electrical power on board. In this research, SynRM and IPM machines are designed sharing a common stator structure. The prototype motors are designed with the aid of finite element analysis (FEA). Machine performances with different stator slot and rotor pole numbers are compared by FEA. An 18-slot, 4-pole structure is selected based on the comparison for this prototype design. Sometimes, torque pulsation is the major drawback of permanent magnet synchronous machines. There are several sources of torque pulsations, such as back-EMF distortion, inductance variation and cogging torque due to presence of permanent magnets. To reduce torque pulsations in permanent magnet machines, all the efforts can be classified into two categories: one is from the design stage, the structure of permanent magnet machines can be optimized with the aid of finite element analysis. The other category of reducing torque pulsation is after the permanent magnet machine has been manufactured or the machine structure cannot be changed because of other reasons. The currents fed into the permanent magnet machine can be controlled to follow a certain profile which will make the machine generate a smoother torque waveform. Torque pulsation reduction methods in both categories will be

  19. The Design of a Novel Prismatic Drive for a Three-DOF Parallel-Kinematics Machine

    CERN Document Server

    Renotte, Jérome; Angeles, Jorge

    2004-01-01

    The design of a novel prismatic drive is reported in this paper. This transmission is based on Slide-O-Cam, a cam mechanism with multiple rollers mounted on a common translating follower. The design of Slide-O-Cam was reported elsewhere. This drive thus provides pure-rolling motion, thereby reducing the friction of rack-and-pinions and linear drives. Such properties can be used to design new transmissions for parallel-kinematics machines. In this paper, this transmission is optimized to replace ball-screws in Orthoglide, a three-DOF parallel robot optimized for machining applications.

  20. The Design of a Novel Prismatic Drive for a Three-DOF Parallel-Kinematics Machine

    CERN Document Server

    Chablat, Damien

    2011-01-01

    The design of a novel prismatic drive is reported in this paper. This transmission is based on Slide-o-Cam, a cam mechanism with multiple rollers mounted on a common translating follower. The design of Slide-o-Cam was reported elsewhere. This drive thus provides pure-rolling motion, thereby reducing the friction of rack-and-pinions and linear drives. Such properties can be used to design new transmissions for parallel-kinematics machines. In this paper, this transmission is intended to replace the ball-screws in Orthoglide, a three-dof parallel robot intended for machining applications.

  1. Design, fabrication and characterization of a novel gas microvalve using micro- and fine-machining

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fazal, I.; Louwerse, M.C.; Jansen, H.V.; Elwenspoek, M.C.

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we present the design, fabrication and characterization of a novel gas microvalve realized by combining micro- and fine-machining techniques. The design is for high flow rates at high pressure difference between inlet and outlet, burst pressure of up to 15 bars. There is no power cons

  2. Mathematical programming approach to multidimensional mechanism design for single machine scheduling

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duives, Jelle; Uetz, Marc

    2011-01-01

    We consider an optimal mechanism design problem for single machine scheduling that has been proposed by Heydenreich et al. in 2008. There, an example was presented to show that the 2-dimensional mechanism design problem does not satisfy a condition called IIA - independence of irrelevant alternative

  3. Design of an E-ELT M1 segment measurement machine with nanometer accuracy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bos, A.; Henselmans, R.; Rosielle, P.C.J.N.; Steinbuch, M.; Voert, M.J.A. te

    2014-01-01

    The baseline design of the European Extremely Large Telescope features a telescope with a 39-meter-class primary mirror (M1), consisting of 798 hexagonal segments. A measurement machine design is presented based on a non-contact single-point scanning technique, capable of measuring the form error of

  4. Design, Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of a Manual Clay Brick Moulding Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.K. Kolawole

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In an attempt to improve the production of clay bricks for housing and general construction purposes, a 215 X 102.5 X 65 mm manual brick moulding machine was designed and fabricated. The machine parts were made of mild steel, because of its availability and versatile machinability. The efficiency of the machine was examined using local clay, sourced within the University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria. Water was added to the clay after sieving to form a paste, and then packed into a mould box, before manually rammed and compacted with the machine mould cover. This process allowed for the formation of required shape, which was sent to kiln for baking to obtain stronger bricks. The machine is capable of producing a total of four bricks at a time using the available four mould boxes. The production time of the four bricks was found to be relatively equal to the time used by an automated one to produce equal number of bricks, indicating favourable efficiency. Thus, the fabricated manual machine can be used for mass production of clay bricks for improved and effective housing delivery.

  5. Development of Abrasive Selection Model/Chart for Palm Frond Broom Peeling Machine Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nwankwojike

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A model for predicting the friction required by a palm frond broom peeling machine for effective peeling of palm leaf to broom bristle and a chart for selecting the best abrasive material for this machine’s peeling operation were developed in this study using mechanistic modeling method. The model quantified the relationship between the coefficient of friction and other operational parameters of this machine while the abrasives selection chart constitutes a plot of this measured friction parameter against the abrasive materials used in palm frond broom peeling machine fabrication. The values of the coefficient of friction of palm leaf on different abrasive materials used in this plot were determined from experimental study of the effect of moisture content level of naturally withered palm leaves (uninfluenced by external forces on their coefficient of friction with the abrasives. Results revealed the average moisture content of palm leaf this machine can peel effectively as 6.96% and also that the roughest among the abrasives that approximate the coefficient of friction for a specific design of this peeling machine gives maximum peeling efficiency. Thus, the roughest among the abrasive materials that approximate the coefficient of friction for a specific design of this machine should be selected and used for its fabrication and operation.

  6. Optimal design method to minimize users' thinking mapping load in human-machine interactions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yanqun; Li, Xu; Zhang, Jie

    2015-01-01

    The discrepancy between human cognition and machine requirements/behaviors usually results in serious mental thinking mapping loads or even disasters in product operating. It is important to help people avoid human-machine interaction confusions and difficulties in today's mental work mastered society. Improving the usability of a product and minimizing user's thinking mapping and interpreting load in human-machine interactions. An optimal human-machine interface design method is introduced, which is based on the purpose of minimizing the mental load in thinking mapping process between users' intentions and affordance of product interface states. By analyzing the users' thinking mapping problem, an operating action model is constructed. According to human natural instincts and acquired knowledge, an expected ideal design with minimized thinking loads is uniquely determined at first. Then, creative alternatives, in terms of the way human obtains operational information, are provided as digital interface states datasets. In the last, using the cluster analysis method, an optimum solution is picked out from alternatives, by calculating the distances between two datasets. Considering multiple factors to minimize users' thinking mapping loads, a solution nearest to the ideal value is found in the human-car interaction design case. The clustering results show its effectiveness in finding an optimum solution to the mental load minimizing problems in human-machine interaction design.

  7. A Method For Producing Hollow Shafts By Rotary Compression Using A Specially Designed Forging Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomczak J.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents a new method for manufacturing hollow shafts, where tubes are used as billet. First, the design of a specially designed forging machine for rotary compression is described. The machine is then numerically tested with regard to its strength, and the effect of elastic strains of the roll system on the quality of produced parts is determined. The machine’s strength is calculated by the finite element method using the NX Nastran program. Technological capabilities of the machine are determined, too. Next, the results of the modeling of the rotary compression process for a hollow stepped shafts by the finite element method are given. The process for manufacturing hollow shafts was modeled using the Simufact.Forming simulation program. The FEM results are then verified experimentally in the designed forging machine for rotary compression. The experimental results confirm that axisymmetric hollow shafts can be produced by the rotary compression method. It is also confirmed that numerical methods are suitable for investigating both machine design and metal forming processes.

  8. Design and production of a novel sand materials strength testing machine for foundry applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nwaogu, Ugochukwu Chibuzoh; Hansen, K. S.; Tiedje, Niels Skat

    2012-01-01

    In the foundry, existing strength testing machines are used to measure only the maximum fracture strength of mould and core materials. With traditionally used methods, the loading history to ascertain deformation of the material is not available. In this paper, a novel moulding material strength...... testing machine was designed and built for both green sand and chemically-bonded sand materials. This machine measures and presents the loading response as a force-displacement profile from which the mechanical properties of the moulding materials can be deduced. The system was interfaced to a computer....... The force was calibrated using an Amsler Hydraulic Press while the displacements were calibrated with and without loading using a displacement calibrator (Heidenhain Digitaler). The calibration results showed that the data obtained are stable and reliable and the machine can be used for the measurement...

  9. Design and Development of Decision Support System for Equipping Farm Machines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Wang

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Equipping farm machines is the key link of agricultural production process. The decision support system of equipping farm machines is able to aid managers to make scientific and effective decision. In this paper, the decision support system of equipping farm machines is designed and developed based on the related theories and the thought of prototype. The system chooses Delphi 7.0 as development language, and uses three classic equipping methods to establish system models. For the complex linear programming model, firstly it is established by M-file of Matlab, then COM components are generated; finally Delphi calls the COM components to solve. The database of the system is established and managed by SQL Server 2005. It can be seen from the result of the system application study that the system could assist users to equip farm machines more scientifically and dynamically

  10. Learning by Design: Good Video Games as Learning Machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gee, James Paul

    2005-01-01

    This article asks how good video and computer game designers manage to get new players to learn long, complex and difficult games. The short answer is that designers of good games have hit on excellent methods for getting people to learn and to enjoy learning. The longer answer is more complex. Integral to this answer are the good principles of…

  11. Inrush Current Simulation of Power Transformer using Machine Parameters Estimated by Design Procedure of Winding Structure and Genetic Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokunaga, Yoshitaka

    This paper presents estimation techniques of machine parameters for power transformer using design procedure of transformer and genetic algorithm with real coding. Especially, it is very difficult to obtain machine parameters for transformers in customers' facilities. Using estimation techniques, machine parameters could be calculated from the only nameplate data of these transformers. Subsequently, EMTP-ATP simulation of the inrush current was carried out using machine parameters estimated by techniques developed in this study and simulation results were reproduced measured waveforms.

  12. Program Suite for Conceptual Designing of Parallel Mechanism-Based Robots and Machine Tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slobodan Tabaković

    2013-06-01

    This paper describes the categorization of criteria for the conceptual design of parallel mechanism‐based robots or machine tools, resulting from workspace analysis as well as the procedure of their defining. Furthermore, it also presents the designing methodology that was implemented into the program for the creation of a robot or machine tool space model and the optimization of the resulting solution. For verification of the criteria and the programme suite, three common (conceptually different mechanisms with a similar mechanical structure and kinematic characteristics were used.

  13. Analytical Model-Based Design Optimization of a Transverse Flux Machine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hasan, Iftekhar; Husain, Tausif; Sozer, Yilmaz; Husain, Iqbal; Muljadi, Eduard

    2017-02-16

    This paper proposes an analytical machine design tool using magnetic equivalent circuit (MEC)-based particle swarm optimization (PSO) for a double-sided, flux-concentrating transverse flux machine (TFM). The magnetic equivalent circuit method is applied to analytically establish the relationship between the design objective and the input variables of prospective TFM designs. This is computationally less intensive and more time efficient than finite element solvers. A PSO algorithm is then used to design a machine with the highest torque density within the specified power range along with some geometric design constraints. The stator pole length, magnet length, and rotor thickness are the variables that define the optimization search space. Finite element analysis (FEA) was carried out to verify the performance of the MEC-PSO optimized machine. The proposed analytical design tool helps save computation time by at least 50% when compared to commercial FEA-based optimization programs, with results found to be in agreement with less than 5% error.

  14. Design and Research on Auto-vending Machine for Cupped Beverage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaowei Jiang

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to design an auto-vending machine for cupped beverage, specifically researching its working principle, the design of beverage powder transporting mechanism, paper cups detaching mechanism and paper cups slide mechanism. The article elaborates that the design of beverage powder transporting mechanism is mainly the selection of electromagnet and the determination of electromagnet stroke, requiring that the electromagnet stroke and the maximum weight that the electromagnet could bear should have rationality, to ensure its safe operation; the design of paper cups detaching mechanism mainly includes selecting electric motor and V belt; the design of paper cups slide mechanism includes the design of slide structure and the force analysis when the paper cup slides on the slide. And then the working principle and working process of the auto-vending machine for cupped beverage is introduced, based on which the conclusion has been reached.

  15. Implementation Methods of Computer Aided Design-Drawing and Drawing Management for Plate Cutting-Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DONG Yu-de; ZHAO Han; TAN Jian-rong

    2002-01-01

    The implementation methods of computer aided design,drawing and drawing management for plate cuttingmachine are discussed. The system structure for plate cutting- machine design is put forward firstly, then some key technologies and their implementation methods are introduced, which include the structure management of graphics, the unification of graph and design calculation, information share of part, assemble and drawing management system, and movement simulation of key components.

  16. Effect of design variables on starting torque of single phase flux-reversal machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Won, Sung Hong; Kim, Tae Heoung; Jang, Ki-Bong; Choi, Seung-Kil; Oh, Won Seok; Lee, Ju

    2006-04-01

    This article introduces a single phase flux-reversal machine (FRM) and presents the design method to improve its starting torque. The effects of the design parameters on the characteristic and starting torque are analyzed by the finite element method. The design variables considered are tapered airgap, stepped airgap, slotted teeth, and asymmetric PM width. As a result, we can find the best model in producing starting torque of a single phase 2/3 FRM.

  17. An exploration of the basis for patient complaints about the oldness of magazines in practice waiting rooms: cohort study

    OpenAIRE

    Arroll, Bruce; Alrutz, Stowe; Moyes, Simon

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the basis for patient complaints about the oldness of most magazines in practice waiting rooms. Design Cohort study. Setting Waiting room of a general practice in Auckland, New Zealand. Participants 87 magazines stacked into three mixed piles and placed in the waiting room: this included non-gossipy magazines (Time magazine, the Economist, Australian Women’s Weekly, National Geographic, BBC History) and gossipy ones (not identified for fear of litigation). Gossipy was def...

  18. Design of new frictional testing machine for shallow fault materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tadai, O.; Tanikawa, W.; Hirose, T.; Sakaguchi, M.; Lin, W.

    2009-12-01

    Subduction thrust faults at shallow depth mainly consist of granular and clay-rich materials which strengths are influenced by the presence of pore water. Dilatation and pore pressure generation of fault zones by the dynamic friction will increase the volumetric water content in fault zone, which can assist the fault weakening by acoustic fluidization or hydrodynamic lubrication mechanism. Therefore the evaluation of rheology for clay minerals rich in pore water is critical for understanding of seismic behaviors at shallow depth. Here, we introduce a new testing apparatus for the purpose of accurate evaluation of friction behavior for incohesive fault rock materials. Our machine can shear granular materials up to 80 mm of outer diameter and maximum thickness of 40 mm. The capacities of axial load, torque, and motor are 100kN, 500Nm and 30kW, respectively, and pore pressure is increased up to 50 MPa. Maximum rotation speed is 660 rpm, which is equivalent to 1 m/s of the average slip velocity when sample diameter is 60 mm. We can monitor the dynamic changes of pore pressure and temperature at sliding surface during the friction tests. We can also control the pore pressure, axial load, pore pressure and temperature independently. All parameters can be held at targeted values and be generated at constant incremental velocity. We can control the rotation more sensitively to program the complicated rotation history that slip velocity and acceleration change during the rotation. We used powdered smectite and illite in our friction tests. We measured normal stress dependence on shear stress at normal stress up to 25 MPa with a constant rotation speed from 0.01 to 1 rpm. Normal stress is proportional to shear stress for dry clay minerals, and the friction coefficients are from 0.3 to 0.5. On the other hand, very low friction is observed in clay minerals saturated by water, and shear strength is nearly constant at various normal stresses. Our results suggest that clay

  19. The Creative Design Research of Product Appearance Based on Human-machine Interaction and Interface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Today's product creative design has rendered many fe atures and has brought a great change in our everyday life, there are many new c hallenges in its traditional theory and principle. According to the traditional design theory, the FBS design model pays more attention to the function and stru cture of the product. But this model still couldn't strengthen the relation bet ween product appearance design and human-machine design effectively. This paper adopt converse design thinking and presents an improve...

  20. Integrated learning in practical machine element design course: a case study of V-pulley design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tantrabandit, Manop

    2014-06-01

    To achieve an effective integrated learning in Machine Element Design course, it is of importance to bridge the basic knowledge and skills of element designs. The multiple core learning leads the pathway which consists of two main parts. The first part involves teaching documents of which the contents are number of V-groove formulae, standard of V-grooved pulleys, and parallel key dimension's formulae. The second part relates to the subjects that the students have studied prior to participating in this integrated learning course, namely Material Selection, Manufacturing Process, Applied Engineering Drawing, CAD (Computer Aided Design) animation software. Moreover, an intensive cooperation between a lecturer and students is another key factor to fulfill the success of integrated learning. Last but not least, the students need to share their knowledge within the group and among the other groups aiming to gain knowledge of and skills in 1) the application of CAD-software to build up manufacture part drawings, 2) assembly drawing, 3) simulation to verify the strength of loaded pulley by method of Finite Element Analysis (FEA), 4) the software to create animation of mounting and dismounting of a pulley to a shaft, and 5) an instruction manual. The end product of this integrated learning, as a result of the above 1 to 5 knowledge and skills obtained, the participating students can create an assembly derived from manufacture part drawings and a video presentation with bilingual (English-Thai) audio description of Vpulley with datum diameter of 250 mm, 4 grooves, and type of groove: SPA.

  1. Design Method for Fast Switching Seat Valves for Digital Displacement Machines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roemer, Daniel Beck; Johansen, Per; Pedersen, Henrik C.;

    2014-01-01

    Digital Displacement (DD) machines are upcoming technology where the displacement of each pressure chamber is controlled electronically by use of two fast switching seat valves. The effective displacement and operation type (pumping/motoring) may be controlled by manipulating the seat valves...... operation, where switching times must be performed within a few milliseconds. These valve requirements make a simulation based design approach essential, where mechanical strength, thermal dissipation, fluid dynamics and electro-magnetic dynamics must be taken into account. In this paper a complete design...... of the valves. A coupled optimization is finally conducted to optimize the electro-magnetic actuator, leading to a valve design based on the chosen valve topology. The design method is applied to an example DD machine and the resulting valve design fulfilling the requirements is presented....

  2. Design Method for Fast Switching Seat Valves for Digital Displacement Machines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roemer, Daniel Beck; Johansen, Per; Pedersen, Henrik C.

    2014-01-01

    Digital Displacement (DD) machines are upcoming technology where the displacement of each pressure chamber is controlled electronically by use of two fast switching seat valves. The effective displacement and operation type (pumping/motoring) may be controlled by manipulating the seat valves...... operation, where switching times must be performed within a few milliseconds. These valve requirements make a simulation based design approach essential, where mechanical strength, thermal dissipation, fluid dynamics and electro-magnetic dynamics must be taken into account. In this paper a complete design...... of the valves. A coupled optimization is finally conducted to optimize the electro-magnetic actuator, leading to a valve design based on the chosen valve topology. The design method is applied to an example DD machine and the resulting valve design fulfilling the requirements is presented....

  3. Electric Traction Machine Design for an E-RWD Unit

    OpenAIRE

    Marquez, Francisco

    2014-01-01

    Since the first generation of the Toyota Prius was introduced in December 1997, the number of Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) and pure Electric Vehicles (EVs) available in the market has increased substantially. The growing competition existent puts high demands on the electric system as well as the rest of the vehicle. As a consequence, substantial design effort is devoted to optimize both at system and component level, with respect to different parameters such as fuel efficiency, power dens...

  4. Electromagnetic Analysis and Design of Switched Reluctance Double-Rotor Machine for Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shouliang Han

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The double-rotor machine is a kind of multiple input and output electromechanical energy transducer with two electrical ports and two mechanical ports, which is an ideal transmission system for hybrid electric vehicles and has a series of advantages such as integration of power and energy, high efficiency and compaction. In this paper, a switched reluctance double-rotor machine (SRDRM is proposed for hybrid electric vehicles, while no conductor or PM in the middle rotor. This machine not only inherits the merits of switched reluctance machine, such as simple salient rotor structure, high reliability and wide speed range, but also can avoid the outer rotor’s cooling problem effectively. By using an equivalent magnetic circuit model, the function of middle rotor yoke is analyzed. Electromagnetic analyses of the SRDRM are performed with analytical calculations and 2-D finite element methods, including the effects of main parameters on performance. Finally, a 4.4 kW prototype machine is designed and manufactured, and the tests are performed, which validate the proposed design method.

  5. Effects of human-machine interface design for intelligent speed adaptation on driving behavior and acceptance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rook, A.M.; Hogema, J.H.

    2005-01-01

    The effects of human-machine interface (HMI) design for intelligent speed adaptation (ISA) on driving behavior and acceptance were measured in a moving-base research driving simulator. Sixty-four experienced drivers participated in two simulator experiments (32 in each). During the simulated runs wi

  6. Materials and optimized designs for human-machine interfaces via epidermal electronics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Jae-Woong; Yeo, Woon-Hong; Akhtar, Aadeel; Norton, James J S; Kwack, Young-Jin; Li, Shuo; Jung, Sung-Young; Su, Yewang; Lee, Woosik; Xia, Jing; Cheng, Huanyu; Huang, Yonggang; Choi, Woon-Seop; Bretl, Timothy; Rogers, John A

    2013-12-17

    Thin, soft, and elastic electronics with physical properties well matched to the epidermis can be conformally and robustly integrated with the skin. Materials and optimized designs for such devices are presented for surface electromyography (sEMG). The findings enable sEMG from wide ranging areas of the body. The measurements have quality sufficient for advanced forms of human-machine interface.

  7. Engineering, Trade, and Technical Cluster. Task Analyses. Drafting and Design Technology, Precision Machining Technology, Electronics Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum and Resource Center.

    Developed in Virginia, this publication contains task analysis guides to support selected tech prep programs that prepare students for careers in the engineering, trade, and technical cluster. Three occupations are profiled: drafting and design technology, precision machining technology, and electronics technology. Each guide contains the…

  8. Technology and Jobs: Computer-Aided Design. Numerical-Control Machine-Tool Operators. Office Automation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanton, Michael; And Others

    1985-01-01

    Three reports on the effects of high technology on the nature of work include (1) Stanton on applications and implications of computer-aided design for engineers, drafters, and architects; (2) Nardone on the outlook and training of numerical-control machine tool operators; and (3) Austin and Drake on the future of clerical occupations in automated…

  9. DESIGN PROCEDURE OF SAFE LIFE AND PREDICTION OF DURABILITY OF MACHINES DETAILS AT FRICTION LOADING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    В. Варюхно

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The aspects of prediction of durability of machines details are examined by friction loading. Onthe basis of used forecasts of change of object conditions the design procedure of safe life ofaviation engineering products, which works in conditions of friction loading. On the basis ofanalysis of the received results the theoretical model of prediction of the wear processes duringservice life is offered

  10. Effects of Toy Crane Design-Based Learning on Simple Machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korur, Fikret; Efe, Gülfem; Erdogan, Fisun; Tunç, Berna

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this 2-group study was to investigate the following question: Are there significant differences between scaffolded design-based learning controlled using 7 forms and teacher-directed instruction methods for the toy crane project on grade 7 students' posttest scores on the simple machines achievement test, attitude toward simple…

  11. Man-Machine Integrated Design and Analysis System (MIDAS): Functional Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corker, Kevin; Neukom, Christian

    1998-01-01

    Included in the series of screen print-outs illustrates the structure and function of the Man-Machine Integrated Design and Analysis System (MIDAS). Views into the use of the system and editors are featured. The use-case in this set of graphs includes the development of a simulation scenario.

  12. Adaption of commercial off the shelf modules for reconfigurable machine tool design

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Mpofu, K

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available of design of machine tools to achieve flexibility through reconfigurability is discussed. Highlights of the implication of this method and it’s repercussions to basic modules, alternate modules and additional modules are analysed. The role of the computer...

  13. Influence of rotor design on performance of PM machines for heavy-duty traction applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jacob, J.; Paulides, J.J.H.; Lomonova, E.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to study the performance and efficiency of two different permanent magnet (PM) machine rotor configurations under magnetic core saturation conditions. Design/methodology/approach - Since the accuracy of conventional analytical methods is limited under saturatio

  14. Design of a MHD conduction machine with frame-type electrodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gel' fgat, Yu.M.; Gorbunov, L.A.

    1977-01-01

    An examination is made of a spatial channel model of a MHD conduction machine with frame type electrodes. The design was performed by the finite differences method. Relationships were obtained between the channel's basic magnetohydrodynamic characteristics and its form and the shape of the frame electrodes.

  15. Design of a real-time open architecture controller for reconfigurable machine tool

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Masekamela, I

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available modular structure in form of modular machines and open architecture controllers that can quickly change the physical structure and appropriately adjust the control system to adapt to the new production requirements. The paper aims to present the design...

  16. Effects of Toy Crane Design-Based Learning on Simple Machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korur, Fikret; Efe, Gülfem; Erdogan, Fisun; Tunç, Berna

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this 2-group study was to investigate the following question: Are there significant differences between scaffolded design-based learning controlled using 7 forms and teacher-directed instruction methods for the toy crane project on grade 7 students' posttest scores on the simple machines achievement test, attitude toward simple…

  17. An integrated multidisciplinary design optimization method for computer numerical control machine tool development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaifang Zhang

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Computer numerical control machine tool is a typical complex product related with multidisciplinary fields, complex structure, and high-performance requirements. It is difficult to identify the overall optimal solution of the machine tool structure for their multiple objectives. A new integrated multidisciplinary design optimization method is then proposed by using a Latin hypercube sampling, a Kriging approximate model, and a multi-objective genetic algorithm. Design space and parametric model are built by choosing appropriate design variables and their value ranges. Samples in design space are generated by optimal Latin hypercube method, and design variable contributions for design performance are discussed for aiding the designer’s judgments. The Kriging model is built by using polynomial approximation according to the response outputs of these samples. The multidisciplinary design model is established based on three optimization objectives, that is, setting mass, optimum deformation, and first-order natural frequency, and two constraints, that is, second-order natural frequency and third-order natural frequency. The optimal solution is identified by using a multi-objective genetic algorithm. The proposed method is applied in a multidisciplinary optimization case study for a typical computer numerical control machine tool. In the optimal solution, the mass decreases by 3.35% and the first-order natural frequency increases by 4.34% in contrast to the original solution.

  18. Some trends in man-machine interface design for industrial process plants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jens

    1980-01-01

    The demands for an efficient and reliable man-machine inter-face in industrial process plant are increasing due to the steadily growing size and complexity of installations. At the same time, computerized technology offers the possibility of powerful and effective solutions to designers....... In the paper, problems related to interface design, operator training and human reliability are discussed in the light of this technological development, and an integrated approach to system design based on a consistent model or framework describing the man-machine interaction is advocated.The work presented...... is part of a Scandinavian research project sponsored by the Board of Nordic Ministers, for the study of control room design and human reliability in nuclear power plants....

  19. Comparison between Genetic Algorithms and Particle Swarm Optimization Methods on Standard Test Functions and Machine Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nica, Florin Valentin Traian; Ritchie, Ewen; Leban, Krisztina Monika

    2013-01-01

    , genetic algorithm and particle swarm are shortly presented in this paper. These two algorithms are tested to determine their performance on five different benchmark test functions. The algorithms are tested based on three requirements: precision of the result, number of iterations and calculation time......Nowadays the requirements imposed by the industry and economy ask for better quality and performance while the price must be maintained in the same range. To achieve this goal optimization must be introduced in the design process. Two of the best known optimization algorithms for machine design....... Both algorithms are also tested on an analytical design process of a Transverse Flux Permanent Magnet Generator to observe their performances in an electrical machine design application....

  20. An overview of technology and research in electrode design and manufacturing in sinking electrical discharge machining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhola Jha

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Electrical discharge machining (EDM is one of the earliest non-traditional machining processes, based on thermoelectric energy between the workpiece and an electrode. In this process, the material is removed electro thermally by a series of successive discrete discharges between two electrically conductive objects, i.e., the electrode and the workpiece. The performance of the process, to a large extent, depends on the material, design and manufacturing method of the electrodes. Electrode design and method of its manufacturing also affect on the cost of electrode. Researchers have explored a number of ways to improve electrode design and devised various ways of manufacturing. The paper reports a review on the research relating to EDM electrode design and its manufacturing for improving and optimizing performance measures and reducing time and cost of manufacturing. The final part of the paper discusses these developments and outlines the trends for future research work.

  1. Comparison between Genetic Algorithms and Particle Swarm Optimization Methods on Standard Test Functions and Machine Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nica, Florin Valentin Traian; Ritchie, Ewen; Leban, Krisztina Monika

    2013-01-01

    , genetic algorithm and particle swarm are shortly presented in this paper. These two algorithms are tested to determine their performance on five different benchmark test functions. The algorithms are tested based on three requirements: precision of the result, number of iterations and calculation time......Nowadays the requirements imposed by the industry and economy ask for better quality and performance while the price must be maintained in the same range. To achieve this goal optimization must be introduced in the design process. Two of the best known optimization algorithms for machine design....... Both algorithms are also tested on an analytical design process of a Transverse Flux Permanent Magnet Generator to observe their performances in an electrical machine design application....

  2. Design and Analysis for the Y-axis linking Part of PCB Drilling Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feida Ma

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Aiming at the problem of the printed circuit board (PCB Y axis linking part, we establish the 3D three-dimension model by using the Solidworks software , analysis the structure of the linking part and making appropriate solutions according to its works process and machining process. Finally, we use finite element method to analysis with COSMOSwork software to find the priory solution, improve the R&D speed, reduce processing costs and provide a reliable basis for the machine tool structure optimization design.

  3. Design and production of a novel sand materials strength testing machine for foundry applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nwaogu, Ugochukwu Chibuzoh; Hansen, K. S.; Tiedje, Niels Skat

    2012-01-01

    testing machine was designed and built for both green sand and chemically-bonded sand materials. This machine measures and presents the loading response as a force-displacement profile from which the mechanical properties of the moulding materials can be deduced. The system was interfaced to a computer...... with a commercial PC based-control and data acquisition software. The testing conditions and operations are specified in the user interface and the data acquisition is made according to specifications. The force and displacements were calibrated to ensure consistency and reliability of the measurement data...

  4. DESIGN OF CAMERA MOUNT AND ITS APPLICATION FOR MONITORING MACHINING PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadežda Čuboňová

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the solution to the problem of holding a scanning device – GoPro camera in the vicinity of milling machine EMCO Concept MILL 105, practical part solves the design and production of the fixture. The proposal of the fixture includes the best placing of the fixture within the milling area. On this basis individual variants of this solution are elaborated. The best variant for holding of the camera was selected and fixture production was experimentally performed on a 3D printer – Easy 3D Maker. Fixture functionality was verified on the milling machine.

  5. Bearingless AC Homopolar Machine Design and Control for Distributed Flywheel Energy Storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Severson, Eric Loren

    The increasing ownership of electric vehicles, in-home solar and wind generation, and wider penetration of renewable energies onto the power grid has created a need for grid-based energy storage to provide energy-neutral services. These services include frequency regulation, which requires short response-times, high power ramping capabilities, and several charge cycles over the course of one day; and diurnal load-/generation-following services to offset the inherent mismatch between renewable generation and the power grid's load profile, which requires low self-discharge so that a reasonable efficiency is obtained over a 24 hour storage interval. To realize the maximum benefits of energy storage, the technology should be modular and have minimum geographic constraints, so that it is easily scalable according to local demands. Furthermore, the technology must be economically viable to participate in the energy markets. There is currently no storage technology that is able to simultaneously meet all of these needs. This dissertation focuses on developing a new energy storage device based on flywheel technology to meet these needs. It is shown that the bearingless ac homopolar machine can be used to overcome key obstacles in flywheel technology, namely: unacceptable self-discharge and overall system cost and complexity. Bearingless machines combine the functionality of a magnetic bearing and a motor/generator into a single electromechanical device. Design of these machines is particularly challenging due to cross-coupling effects and trade-offs between motor and magnetic bearing capabilities. The bearingless ac homopolar machine adds to these design challenges due to its 3D flux paths requiring computationally expensive 3D finite element analysis. At the time this dissertation was started, bearingless ac homopolar machines were a highly immature technology. This dissertation advances the state-of-the-art of these machines through research contributions in the areas of

  6. Online learning control using adaptive critic designs with sparse kernel machines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xin; Hou, Zhongsheng; Lian, Chuanqiang; He, Haibo

    2013-05-01

    In the past decade, adaptive critic designs (ACDs), including heuristic dynamic programming (HDP), dual heuristic programming (DHP), and their action-dependent ones, have been widely studied to realize online learning control of dynamical systems. However, because neural networks with manually designed features are commonly used to deal with continuous state and action spaces, the generalization capability and learning efficiency of previous ACDs still need to be improved. In this paper, a novel framework of ACDs with sparse kernel machines is presented by integrating kernel methods into the critic of ACDs. To improve the generalization capability as well as the computational efficiency of kernel machines, a sparsification method based on the approximately linear dependence analysis is used. Using the sparse kernel machines, two kernel-based ACD algorithms, that is, kernel HDP (KHDP) and kernel DHP (KDHP), are proposed and their performance is analyzed both theoretically and empirically. Because of the representation learning and generalization capability of sparse kernel machines, KHDP and KDHP can obtain much better performance than previous HDP and DHP with manually designed neural networks. Simulation and experimental results of two nonlinear control problems, that is, a continuous-action inverted pendulum problem and a ball and plate control problem, demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed kernel ACD methods.

  7. Machine learning-enabled discovery and design of membrane-active peptides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ernest Y; Wong, Gerard C L; Ferguson, Andrew L

    2017-07-08

    Antimicrobial peptides are a class of membrane-active peptides that form a critical component of innate host immunity and possess a diversity of sequence and structure. Machine learning approaches have been profitably employed to efficiently screen sequence space and guide experiment towards promising candidates with high putative activity. In this mini-review, we provide an introduction to antimicrobial peptides and summarize recent advances in machine learning-enabled antimicrobial peptide discovery and design with a focus on a recent work Lee et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2016;113(48):13588-13593. This study reports the development of a support vector machine classifier to aid in the design of membrane active peptides. We use this model to discover membrane activity as a multiplexed function in diverse peptide families and provide interpretable understanding of the physicochemical properties and mechanisms governing membrane activity. Experimental validation of the classifier reveals it to have learned membrane activity as a unifying signature of antimicrobial peptides with diverse modes of action. Some of the discriminating rules by which it performs classification are in line with existing "human learned" understanding, but it also unveils new previously unknown determinants and multidimensional couplings governing membrane activity. Integrating machine learning with targeted experimentation can guide both antimicrobial peptide discovery and design and new understanding of the properties and mechanisms underpinning their modes of action. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Designing Of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine For Applications In Small Hydro Power Plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayashree Sharma

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The need of the hour, as we all genuinely know from the global scenario is the production of electricity from the renewable resources of energy. Most widely used among them are the solar and the wind potential. Besides these, the hydroelectric resources also play a remarkable role as hydroelectricity accounts for a major share in the energy sector throughout the world. The trend at present is of the stand alone hydro power plants wherein the turbine used is the Hydrokinetic turbine , which works with the speed of flow of the water stream. Permanent magnet synchronous machines, known for their robust nature, variable speed, and high power to weight ratio are the most suitable ones for the construction of the turbine for low speed operation. This paper presents the design of permanent magnet synchronous machine and the machine has been modeled and simulated in RMXprt and Ansys Maxwell.

  9. SIMULATION BASED PLANNING FOR DESIGN OF WASHING MACHINE USING H/W & S/W CO DESIGN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajesh Kumar Garg

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available A simulator is designed and developed or helping embedded system development team to plan their time schedule, work flow etc. and distribute human resources and their efforts over various phasesof washing machine development. The simulator helps in identifying development phases of washing machine for successful operations of overall system. The development process of washing machine has beendone in a cost effective way by planning and managing and simulating the system. The simulator gives the results in form of critical and near-critical phases while considering the rest of phases as concurrent development activities. The simulator has been a handytool for engineers in developing the system in an optimal manner. Hardware/Software Codesign approach in which both hardware and software designers’ work together to develop a system is used inthis work.

  10. Application and design of induction machine damping unit (IMDU) for eliminating subsynchronous resonance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purushothaman, Sujit

    The IEEE First and Second Benchmark Models for subsynchronous resonance (SSR) are used to analyze the damping properties of an induction machine damping unit (IMDU) coupled to the shaft of a turbo-generator set. This study investigates the rating and location of the induction machine that, without the aid of any controllers, effectively damps sub-synchronous resonance for all line series compensation levels. Eigenvalue analyses are performed on linearized models of the shaft system including the induction machine to find the optimum location. The best location of the IMDU, providing maximum damping, is next to the HP turbine at the end of the shaft. Time domain simulations are conducted to find the adequate rating of the induction machine. It is observed that a small size, high power (about 10% of the generator rating), low energy machine effectively damps SSR. The IMDU reduces peak torques in shaft sections during transients. In the study, it is demonstrated that the addition of an IMDU at the end of the shaft would have prevented the SSR events of 1970 and 1971 that caused major damage to the Mohave Desert generator shafts. A basic design of the IMDU is presented derived from a closed form solution of Maxwell's equations in squirrel cage induction motors. The solution is obtained for a cylindrical multi-layer geometry. The squirrel cage is represented by an equivalent anisotropic homogeneous medium. The effect of stator slots and teeth is included by a second anisotropic homogeneous medium. The induction motor is modeled as six concentric cylindrical layers representing the different construction components of the motor. The governing partial differential equations are solved for the excitation source, conducting and non-conducting regions. The formulas obtained allow for efficient calculations of machine performance which may help the motor designer to select the proper parameters of the machine that fit the design requirements. Accuracy of the modeling method

  11. Design, analysis and fabrication of a linear permanent magnet synchronous machine

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    MONOJIT SEAL; MAINAK SENGUPTA

    2017-08-01

    This paper deals with the design, analysis and fabrication of a 320 W, 5 m/s, 4-pole permanentmagnet-based linear synchronous machine (LPMSM). The design deals with conventional hand calculations followed by design fine-tuning and analysis using standard FEM packages. Fabrication of the machine has beenalso done at the works of a local small machine manufacturer after procurement of imported permanent magnets (PMs). The work presented here focuses on design and fabrication of LPMSM linor stampings with fixed dimensions and standard available PM tablets with a view to providing simple design guidelines. This prototype forms part of a variable speed linear motor drive that is being developed. The approach presented here might provide new ideas to those researchers who may not have the capability to bear cost of fabrication of lamination and PMs from scratch but would like to manufacture LPMSMs from available stampings and tablet PMs.Additionally, it may serve as a base document for the R&D personnel in this area.

  12. Design and Fabrication of a Hand Fed Motorized Oil Bean Slicing Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Oduma

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available A hand fed African oil bean slicing machine which would be affordable, simple to operate and easy to maintain by local and/or small scale farmers and processors was designed and fabricated with locally available materials. The design was based on the engineering standard and specifications. Factors such as physical and mechanical properties of oil bean seeds, mechanical properties of construction materials, mach inability or deformability of construction materials, wear resistance, availability of power and cost of materials were considered in the fabrication of the device. 1hp electric motor powered the machine. The machine was tested for performance and it recorded an efficiency of 96.64% with minimal damage of the product. The bill of engineering measurement and evaluation revealed that the machine was fabricated at a total cost of ₦91,353.00. The device match the need of the oil bean processors and with adequate maintenance and/or management, it would ameliorate the difficulties involved in oil bean processing and, therefore boost the farmers’ production

  13. Research on Key Technologies of Unit-Based CNC Machine Tool Assembly Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhongqi Sheng

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Assembly is the part that produces the maximum workload and consumed time during product design and manufacturing process. CNC machine tool is the key basic equipment in manufacturing industry and research on assembly design technologies of CNC machine tool has theoretical significance and practical value. This study established a simplified ASRG for CNC machine tool. The connection between parts, semantic information of transmission, and geometric constraint information were quantified to assembly connection strength to depict the assembling difficulty level. The transmissibility based on trust relationship was applied on the assembly connection strength. Assembly unit partition based on assembly connection strength was conducted, and interferential assembly units were identified and revised. The assembly sequence planning and optimization of parts in each assembly unit and between assembly units was conducted using genetic algorithm. With certain type of high speed CNC turning center, as an example, this paper explored into the assembly modeling, assembly unit partition, and assembly sequence planning and optimization and realized the optimized assembly sequence of headstock of CNC machine tool.

  14. Design of piezo-based AVC system for machine tool applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aggogeri, F.; Al-Bender, F.; Brunner, B.; Elsaid, M.; Mazzola, M.; Merlo, A.; Ricciardi, D.; de la O Rodriguez, M.; Salvi, E.

    2013-03-01

    The goal of machine tools for Ultra High Precision Machining is to guarantee high specified performances and to maintain them over life cycle time. In this paper the design of an innovative mechatronic subsystem (platform) for Active Vibration Control (AVC) of Ultra High Precision micromilling Machines is presented. The platform integrates piezoelectric stack actuators and a novel sensor concept. During the machining process (e.g. milling), the contact between the cutting tool and the workpiece surface at the tool tip point generates chattering vibrations. Any vibration is recorded on the workpiece surface, directly affecting its roughness. Consequently, uncontrolled vibrations lead to poor surface finishing, unacceptable in high precision milling. The proposed Smart Platform aims to improve the surface finishing of the workpiece exploiting a broadband AVC strategy. The paper describes the steps throughout the design phase of the platform, beginning from the actuator/sensor criteria selection taking into account both performance and durability. The novel actuation principle and mechanism and the related FE analysis are also presented. Finally, an integrated mechatronic model able to predict in closed-loop the active damping and vibration-suppression capability of the integrated system is presented and simulation results are discussed.

  15. 30 CFR 77.1301 - Explosives; magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Explosives; magazines. 77.1301 Section 77.1301... and Blasting § 77.1301 Explosives; magazines. (a) Detonators and explosives other than blasting agents shall be stored in magazines. (b) Detonators shall not be stored in the same magazine with...

  16. 49 CFR 176.137 - Portable magazine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Portable magazine. 176.137 Section 176.137... Requirements for Class 1 (Explosive) Materials Stowage § 176.137 Portable magazine. (a) Each portable magazine... wood, a portable magazine must be framed of nominal 5 cm × 10 cm (2×4 inch) lumber, and sheathed...

  17. A History of ChemMatters Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinnesand, Michael J.

    2007-01-01

    ChemMatters, the chemistry magazine published since 1983, has always provided interesting topics for chemistry students. The American Chemical Society publishes the magazine and many well-known authors like Isaac Asimov, Glen Seaborg and Derek Davenport have contributed to the magazine and the magazine has succeeded in its goal of demystifying…

  18. A History of ChemMatters Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinnesand, Michael J.

    2007-01-01

    ChemMatters, the chemistry magazine published since 1983, has always provided interesting topics for chemistry students. The American Chemical Society publishes the magazine and many well-known authors like Isaac Asimov, Glen Seaborg and Derek Davenport have contributed to the magazine and the magazine has succeeded in its goal of demystifying…

  19. Research Review: An International Perspective on Magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodes, Leara

    1994-01-01

    Finds, in studies on magazines published outside the United States, little linking of data to theory; little research on how to disseminate ideas; and a void in many areas of magazine publishing, for example, looking at magazines as vehicles for sociological study, examining content categories, and investigating types of specialized magazines. (SR)

  20. Design, Construction and Testing Of a Multipurpose Brick/Block Moulding Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.O. Yakubu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The provision of shelter is one the most basic demand of a Man all over the World. It is one the most important challenges a man faces in his life. The problem of good shelter varies from place to place. A good shelter provides, first and foremost Security and Privacy. In the developed world the problem is less pronounced, but in the developing nation like Nigeria, the problem of shelter is more pronounced. There is about eighteen (18 million housing units’ deficit in Nigeria. One of the most important materials used for building of a shelter is block/brick, but majority of the people cannot afford these materials (blocks or bricks due high cost. Therefore, the production of high quality and affordable blocks/bricks is paramount to solving housing problems in developing countries especially in Nigeria. Thus, this research focused on design construction and testing of a multipurpose machine that produces high quality blocks/bricks for low cost housing. That is, for low income communities/earners. The constructed motorized compressive earth brick (CEB/block making machine can produce on average a total of 2,215 bricks per day and 950 blocks per day. The cost of production of the machine was two hundred and eighty six thousand, eight hundred ninety (N286, 890.00 naira only. Whereas, the most common high-tech motorized CEB machine in Nigeria (Hydraform® with an average capacity of about 3,000 bricks per day costs about six million naira (N6,000,000.00K only. Thus, the machine is very affordable for small scale enterprise (SME. In other words, bricks or blocks produced by using this machine are relatively cheap and affordable for those in the rural areas and for low income earners.

  1. An attempt of CNC machining cycle’s application as a tool of the design feature library elaboration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grabowik Cezary

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a novel approach to a problem of the design feature library elaboration. As a tool of the design feature library development CNC machining cycles were proposed. Because of the great number of commercially available CNC machine controllers, with different CNC machining cycles definitions, it was necessary to make a decision about a research methodological framework, it is the selected CNC machine controller. Taking into account the criterion of popularity as the research framework the selected group of Sinumerik CNC machine controllers was chosen. Presented in the paper idea of the feature library development is based on an assumption saying that it is possible to find a relationship between a particular CNC machining cycle and the simple design feature or even compound design features. Identified, thanks to this assumption, set of the design features could be the base for elaboration of the design feature library. This solution, it is the feature library next gave opportunity for elaboration of the feature based design modelling module (FBDMM working in the SIEMENS NX system environment. Hence, the FBDMM module can support both a designer and CNC machine programmer which is possible due to received in the module modelling paradigm. In FBDMM module the removal feature based modelling technique is received.

  2. Design on curves of wall-thickness for Blow Molding Machine based on HMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng Yayun

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Properly control of blow molding machine’s wall-thickness relates to the quality of plastic products,design on curves is the key technology of blow molding machine’s wall-thickness control.Adopted cubic spline curve as a fitting prototype,used advanced HMI as a design platform,by cooperation with HMI configuration function and macro code,an interface of curves was designed,a good performance of human-computer interaction and core data’s transmission in the whole machine were realized.By using this method,the integration of the system was increased and costs was reduced dramatically.

  3. Thrust estimator design based on least squares support vector regression machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Yong-ping; SUN Jian-guo

    2010-01-01

    In order to realize direct thrust control instead of traditional sensor-based control for nero-engines,it is indispensable to design a thrust estimator with high accuracy,so a scheme for thrust estimator design based on the least square support vector regression machine is proposed to solve this problem.Furthermore,numerical simulations confirm the effectiveness of our presented scheme.During the process of estimator design,a wrap per criterion that can not only reduce the computational complexity but also enhance the generalization performance is proposed to select variables as input variables for estimator.

  4. Magazine sales promotion : a dynamic response analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Esteban-Bravo, Mercedes; Múgica, Jose M.; Vidal-Sanz, Jose M.

    2006-01-01

    This paper studies the effectiveness of a type of nonprice promotion often used in the European magazines industry to diminish the decline rate of periodical sales, in which a value pack is sold containing the magazine issue plus another product. Magazines are sold simultaneously with and without promotion at different prices, and promotions are serialized by fractioning the additional product across different issues of the magazine. Although promoting magazines contemporarily may cannibalize...

  5. The Insulation for Machines Having a High Lifespan Expectancy, Design, Tests and Acceptance Criteria Issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivier Barré

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The windings insulation of electrical machines will remain a topic that is updated frequently. The criteria severity requested by the electrical machine applications increases continuously. Manufacturers and designers are always confronted with new requirements or new criteria with enhanced performances. The most problematic requirements that will be investigated here are the extremely long lifespan coupled to critical operating conditions (overload, supply grid instabilities, and critical operating environments. Increasing lifespan does not have a considerable benefit because the purchasing price of usual machines has to be compared to the purchasing price and maintenance price of long lifespan machines. A machine having a 40-year lifespan will cost more than twice the usual price of a 20-year lifetime machine. Systems which need a long lifetime are systems which are crucial for a country, and those for which outage costs are exorbitant. Nuclear power stations are such systems. It is certain that the used technologies have evolved since the first nuclear power plant, but they cannot evolve as quickly as in other sectors of activities. No-one wants to use an immature technology in such power plants. Even if the electrical machines have exceeded 100 years of age, their improvements are linked to a patient and continuous work. Nowadays, the windings insulation systems have a well-established structure, especially high voltage windings. Unfortunately, a high life span is not only linked to this result. Several manufacturers’ improvements induced by many years of experiment have led to the writing of standards that help the customers and the manufacturers to regularly enhance the insulation specifications or qualifications. Hence, in this publication, the authors will give a step by step exhaustive review of one insulation layout and will take time to give a detailed report on the standards that are linked to insulation systems. No standard can

  6. Comparison of Models Needed for Conceptual Design of Man-Machine Systems in Different Application Domains

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Jens

    1986-01-01

    For systematic and computer-aided design of man-machine systems, a consistent framework is needed, i. e. , a set of models which allows the selection of system characteristics which serve the individual user not only to satisfy his goal, but also to select mental processes that match his resource...... of other domains, such as emergency management, CAD/CAM/CIM, and office systems, and describes the characteristic differences in model requirements and requirements for model development....

  7. Influence of design parameters on cogging torque in permanent magnet machines \\ud

    OpenAIRE

    Zhu, Z.Q.; Howe, D.

    2000-01-01

    The influence of various design parameters on the cogging torque developed by permanent magnet machines is investigated. It is shown that the slot and pole number combination has a significant effect on the cogging torque, and influences the optimal value of both skew angle and magnet arc, as well as determining the optimal number of auxiliary teeth/slots. A simple factor, which is proportional to the slot number and the pole number and inversely proportional to their smallest common multiple...

  8. SU-C-BRB-05: Investigation of Conformal Arc Therapy Utilizing Newly Designed Cobalt 60 Machine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eldib, A [Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Department of Physics, AlAzhar University, Cairo (Egypt); Chibani, O; Jin, L; Li, J; Veltchev, I; Price, R; Ma, C [Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA (United States); Mora, G [Universidade de Lisboa, Codex, Lisboa (Portugal)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: A new modernized design for cobalt 60 (Co-60) machines is being developed with a ring type gantry. In this study we investigate the beneficial outcome of the new design for conformal arc therapy for various clinical sites. The new modality was evaluated based on isodose distributions and dose volume histograms as compared to 6MV photon beams from conventional linear accelerators. Methods: Computed tomographic images of seven different SBRT patients were selected from our patient database. All of these cases were previously planned on the Eclipse treatment planning system. New plans for these patients were generated with a modified conformal arc technique using both 6MV and Co-60 beams. The conformal arc was created by the delivery of treatment fields conformal to the target cross-section at every 5 or 10 degrees. The field shape was modified or turned off when it initially passed through a critical structure. Monte Carlo codes, MCBEAM and MCPLAN, were used for the machine head simulation and phantom/patient dose calculation, respectively. In the new Co-60 machine design, the source-to-isocenter distance was 60cm and the treatment head included the Co-60 source, primary collimator, jaws and MLC. Results: For all cases investigated, conformal arc plans utilizing Co-60 beams achieved similar conformity (mean conformity index=1.19) comparing to 6MV photon beams. Isodose distributions were tailored similarly around the PTV; both Co-60 and 6MV plans met our clinical acceptance criteria for the target coverage, and the maximum and minimum target doses. The DVH for the Co-60 plans showed slightly lower doses to the critical structures although the differences were small in most cases. Conclusion: There were no significant dosimetric differences between 6MV and Co-60 plans. Our results confirmed that this new Co-60 design could be a cost-effective machine for advanced radiotherapy due to its low cost, low maintenance and high up time.

  9. Designing stable finite state machine behaviors using phase plane analysis and variable structure control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feddema, J.T.; Robinett, R.D.; Driessen, B.J.

    1998-03-10

    This paper discusses how phase plane analysis can be used to describe the overall behavior of single and multiple autonomous robotic vehicles with finite state machine rules. The importance of this result is that one can begin to design provably asymptotically stable group behaviors from a set of simple control laws and appropriate switching points with decentralized variable structure control. The ability to prove asymptotically stable group behavior is especially important for applications such as locating military targets or land mines.

  10. THE GOVERNMENT AND BUSINESS COLLABORATION IN DESIGNING INDUSTRIAL POLICY IN THE RUSSIAN RAILWAY MACHINE-BUILDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Pereversieva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to improvement of the mechanism of the government and business collaboration in designing industrial policy. Materials and data of the passenger railway machine-building industry were basis for the analysis. The article draws a lot of attention to regional aspects of the issue. Proposals for the improvement of political mechanisms of the coordination of interests were worked out based on the business proposals and positions of government bodies.

  11. Female sexuality in magazines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Patrícia Zucco

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper results from an investigation on the discourse of female sexuality carried by women's magazines in the years 2005 and 2006. 'Claudia' and 'Mulher dia-a-dia' were the documents analyzed through a qualitative investigative approach. The data construction was undertaken through critical discourse analysis, and female sexuality was approached from a constructivist perspective. The main results showed that the discursive conventions present in the reports gave shape to dual positions on contemporary Western sexual dynamics, such as: adoption of symmetrical sexual practices versus continuation of asymmetrical sexual practices; female sexual autonomy versus female sexual dependency; activeness versus passiveness; female pleasure versus male pleasure. Thus, we argue that sexuality remains doubly informed by hegemonic standards in force within society.

  12. Newspapers and Magazines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chandra, Ambarish; Kaiser, Ulrich

    2016-01-01

    We review the Economics literature on newspapers and magazines. Our emphasis is on the newspaper industry, especially in the United States, given that this has been the focus of existing research. We first discuss the structure of print media markets, describing the rise in the number of daily...... newspapers during the early twentieth century and then the steady decline since the 1940s. We discuss print media in the context of two-sided markets, noting that empirical papers on the newspaper industry were some of the earliest studies to use the techniques of two-sided market estimation. We then review...... the research on advertising in print media, particularly the question of whether readers value print advertising as a good or a bad thing. We summarize the research on antitrust-related issues in newspaper markets, including mergers, joint operating agreements, and vertical price restrictions. We then review...

  13. Machine Room Less Elevator Traction Machine Installation Shock Absorption Design%无机房电梯曳引机安装减震设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄义茂

    2014-01-01

    传统的大载重无机房电梯,曳引机侧置在井道时,由于曳引机布置问题,在搁机梁上设置防震橡胶时,防震橡胶受力不均衡,曳引机有倾覆的趋势,在不改变传统布局的情况下,设计一种减震方式,以达到曳引机安装减震的目的。%For the traditional heavy load machine room less elevator,when the traction machine is side put in the hoistway,because the machine layout problem,if set the shockproof rubber in the machine beam,shockproof rubber stress is not balanced,traction machine has the trend to overturn. Aiming at this problem,designs a shockproof mode without changing the traditional layout,in order to achieve the purpose of the traction machine shock absorption.

  14. MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR THE STUDY AND DESIGN OF A ROTARY-VANE GAS REFRIGERATION MACHINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Trandafilov

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a mathematical model of calculating the main parameters the operating cycle, rotary-vane gas refrigerating machine that affect installation, machine control and working processes occurring in it at the specified criteria. A procedure and a graphical method for the rotary-vane gas refrigerating machine (RVGRM are proposed. A parametric study of the main geometric variables and temperature variables on the thermal behavior of the system is analyzed. The model considers polytrope index for the compression and expansion in the chamber. Graphs of the pressure and temperature in the chamber of the angle of rotation of the output shaft are received. The possibility of inclusion in the cycle regenerative heat exchanger is appreciated. The change of the coefficient of performance machine after turning the cycle regenerative heat exchanger is analyzed. It is shown that the installation of a regenerator RVGRM cycle results in increased COP more than 30%. The simulation results show that the proposed model can be used to design and optimize gas refrigerator Stirling.

  15. Modeling and optimization of Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM using statistical design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hegab Husein A.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Modeling and optimization of nontraditional machining is still an ongoing area of research. The objective of this work is to optimize Electrical Discharge Machining process parameters of Aluminum-multiwall carbon Nanotube composites (AL-CNT model. Material Removal Rate (MRR, Wear Electrode Ratio (EWR and Average Surface Roughness (Ra are primary objectives. The Machining parameters are machining-on time (sec, discharge current (A, voltage (V, total depth of cut (mm, and %wt. CNT added. Mathematical models for all responses as function of significant process parameters are developed using Response Surface Methodology (RSM. Experimental results show optimum levels for material removal rate are %wt. CNT (0%, high level of discharge current (6A and low level of voltage (50 V while optimum levels for Electrode wear ratio are %wt. CNT (5%, high level of discharge current (6A and optimum levels for average surface roughness are %wt. CNT (0%, low level of discharge current (2A and high level of depth of cut (1 mm. Single-objective optimization is formulated and solved via Genetic Algorithm. Multi-objective optimization model is then formulated for the three responses of interest. This methodology gathers experimental results, builds mathematical models in the domain of interest and optimizes the process models. As such, process analysis, modeling, design and optimization are achieved.

  16. Monte Carlo simulation of a multi-leaf collimator design for telecobalt machine using BEAMnrc code

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayyangar Komanduri

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This investigation aims to design a practical multi-leaf collimator (MLC system for the cobalt teletherapy machine and check its radiation properties using the Monte Carlo (MC method. The cobalt machine was modeled using the BEAMnrc Omega-Beam MC system, which could be freely downloaded from the website of the National Research Council (NRC, Canada. Comparison with standard depth dose data tables and the theoretically modeled beam showed good agreement within 2%. An MLC design with low melting point alloy (LMPA was tested for leakage properties of leaves. The LMPA leaves with a width of 7 mm and height of 6 cm, with tongue and groove of size 2 mm wide by 4 cm height, produced only 4% extra leakage compared to 10 cm height tungsten leaves. With finite 60 Co source size, the interleaf leakage was insignificant. This analysis helped to design a prototype MLC as an accessory mount on a cobalt machine. The complete details of the simulation process and analysis of results are discussed.

  17. Design and Optimization of Permanent Magnet Brushless Machines for Electric Vehicle Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weiwei Gu

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, by considering and establishing the relationship between the maximum operating speed and d-axis inductance, a new design and optimization method is proposed. Thus, a more extended constant power speed range, as well as reduced losses and increased efficiency, especially in the high-speed region, can be obtained, which is essential for electric vehicles (EVs. In the first step, the initial permanent magnet (PM brushless machine is designed based on the consideration of the maximum speed and performance specifications in the entire operation region. Then, on the basis of increasing d-axis inductance, and meanwhile maintaining constant permanent magnet flux linkage, the PM brushless machine is optimized. The corresponding performance of the initial and optimal PM brushless machines are analyzed and compared by the finite-element method (FEM. Several tests are carried out in an EV simulation model based on the urban dynamometer driving schedule (UDDS for evaluation. Both theoretical analysis and simulation results verify the validity of the proposed design and optimization method.

  18. Optimizing the Machining Parameters for Minimum Surface Roughness in Turning of GFRP Composites Using Design of Experiments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    K. Palanikumar; L.Karunamoorthy; R.Karthikeyan

    2004-01-01

    In recent years, glass fiber reinforced plastics (GFRP) are being extensively used in variety of engineering applications in many different fields such as aerospace, oil, gas and process industries. However, the users of FRP are facing difficulties to machine it, because of fiber delamination, fiber pull out, short tool life, matrix debonding, burning and formation of powder like chips. The present investigation focuses on the optimization of machining parameters for surface roughness of glass fiber reinforced plastics (GFRP) using design of experiments (DoE). The machining parameters considered were speed, feed, depth of cut and workpiece (fiber orientation). An attempt was made to analyse the influence of factors and their interactions during machining. The results of the present study gives the optimal combination of machining parameters and this will help to improve the machining requirements of GFRP composites.

  19. Integrated application of uniform design and least-squares support vector machines to transfection optimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pan Jin-Shui

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Transfection in mammalian cells based on liposome presents great challenge for biological professionals. To protect themselves from exogenous insults, mammalian cells tend to manifest poor transfection efficiency. In order to gain high efficiency, we have to optimize several conditions of transfection, such as amount of liposome, amount of plasmid, and cell density at transfection. However, this process may be time-consuming and energy-consuming. Fortunately, several mathematical methods, developed in the past decades, may facilitate the resolution of this issue. This study investigates the possibility of optimizing transfection efficiency by using a method referred to as least-squares support vector machine, which requires only a few experiments and maintains fairly high accuracy. Results A protocol consists of 15 experiments was performed according to the principle of uniform design. In this protocol, amount of liposome, amount of plasmid, and the number of seeded cells 24 h before transfection were set as independent variables and transfection efficiency was set as dependent variable. A model was deduced from independent variables and their respective dependent variable. Another protocol made up by 10 experiments was performed to test the accuracy of the model. The model manifested a high accuracy. Compared to traditional method, the integrated application of uniform design and least-squares support vector machine greatly reduced the number of required experiments. What's more, higher transfection efficiency was achieved. Conclusion The integrated application of uniform design and least-squares support vector machine is a simple technique for obtaining high transfection efficiency. Using this novel method, the number of required experiments would be greatly cut down while higher efficiency would be gained. Least-squares support vector machine may be applicable to many other problems that need to be optimized.

  20. Rational design of the column of a heavy multipurpose machining center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atapin, V. V.; Kurlaev, N. V.

    2016-04-01

    The main purpose in the design of supporting constructions of heavy multipurpose machining center is the reduction of mass at the given precision and productivity of machining. Accomplish these ends the technology of rational design of supporting constructions is offered. This technology is based on the decomposition method and the finite elements method in the combination with optimization methods. The technology has four stages: 1) calculation of external forces and loads, 2) as a result the boundary conditions (force, kinematics) for individual supporting constructions are formed, 3) a problem about final optimal distribution of a material by the individual supporting constructions with the real cross-section is solved; 4) dynamic analysis. By the example of design of the column of a heavy multipurpose machining center the main stages of rational design of the individual supporting constructions are shown. At a design stage of the carrying system consisting of load-bearing structures with simplified geometry, optimum overall dimensions of the column are identified. For the admitted system of preferences, it is necessary to accept the fact that the carrying system with the column with the sizes of cross section of 1.8 m (along x axis) and 2.6 m (along y axis) is the best. The analysis of the work of the column under the torsion condition with the use of method of mechanics shows that the column with square cross sections = 2.46·2.46 m which rigidity on torsion is 26 % higher in comparison with a production version is the best. The results of calculation show that a production-release design of the column with longitudinal and transverse edges of rigidity is 24 % heavier than the column with the edges located on a diagonally at equal rigidity.

  1. Glassy Chimeras Could Be Blind to Quantum Speedup: Designing Better Benchmarks for Quantum Annealing Machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katzgraber, Helmut G.; Hamze, Firas; Andrist, Ruben S.

    2014-04-01

    Recently, a programmable quantum annealing machine has been built that minimizes the cost function of hard optimization problems by, in principle, adiabatically quenching quantum fluctuations. Tests performed by different research teams have shown that, indeed, the machine seems to exploit quantum effects. However, experiments on a class of random-bond instances have not yet demonstrated an advantage over classical optimization algorithms on traditional computer hardware. Here, we present evidence as to why this might be the case. These engineered quantum annealing machines effectively operate coupled to a decohering thermal bath. Therefore, we study the finite-temperature critical behavior of the standard benchmark problem used to assess the computational capabilities of these complex machines. We simulate both random-bond Ising models and spin glasses with bimodal and Gaussian disorder on the D-Wave Chimera topology. Our results show that while the worst-case complexity of finding a ground state of an Ising spin glass on the Chimera graph is not polynomial, the finite-temperature phase space is likely rather simple because spin glasses on Chimera have only a zero-temperature transition. This means that benchmarking optimization methods using spin glasses on the Chimera graph might not be the best benchmark problems to test quantum speedup. We propose alternative benchmarks by embedding potentially harder problems on the Chimera topology. Finally, we also study the (reentrant) disorder-temperature phase diagram of the random-bond Ising model on the Chimera graph and show that a finite-temperature ferromagnetic phase is stable up to 19.85(15)% antiferromagnetic bonds. Beyond this threshold, the system only displays a zero-temperature spin-glass phase. Our results therefore show that a careful design of the hardware architecture and benchmark problems is key when building quantum annealing machines.

  2. Glassy Chimeras Could Be Blind to Quantum Speedup: Designing Better Benchmarks for Quantum Annealing Machines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helmut G. Katzgraber

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Recently, a programmable quantum annealing machine has been built that minimizes the cost function of hard optimization problems by, in principle, adiabatically quenching quantum fluctuations. Tests performed by different research teams have shown that, indeed, the machine seems to exploit quantum effects. However, experiments on a class of random-bond instances have not yet demonstrated an advantage over classical optimization algorithms on traditional computer hardware. Here, we present evidence as to why this might be the case. These engineered quantum annealing machines effectively operate coupled to a decohering thermal bath. Therefore, we study the finite-temperature critical behavior of the standard benchmark problem used to assess the computational capabilities of these complex machines. We simulate both random-bond Ising models and spin glasses with bimodal and Gaussian disorder on the D-Wave Chimera topology. Our results show that while the worst-case complexity of finding a ground state of an Ising spin glass on the Chimera graph is not polynomial, the finite-temperature phase space is likely rather simple because spin glasses on Chimera have only a zero-temperature transition. This means that benchmarking optimization methods using spin glasses on the Chimera graph might not be the best benchmark problems to test quantum speedup. We propose alternative benchmarks by embedding potentially harder problems on the Chimera topology. Finally, we also study the (reentrant disorder-temperature phase diagram of the random-bond Ising model on the Chimera graph and show that a finite-temperature ferromagnetic phase is stable up to 19.85(15% antiferromagnetic bonds. Beyond this threshold, the system only displays a zero-temperature spin-glass phase. Our results therefore show that a careful design of the hardware architecture and benchmark problems is key when building quantum annealing machines.

  3. Designing “Theory of Machines and Mechanisms” course on Project Based Learning approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shinde, Vikas

    2013-01-01

    by the industry and the learning outcomes specified by the National Board of Accreditation (NBA), India; this course is restructured on Project Based Learning approach. A mini project is designed to suit course objectives. An objective of this paper is to discuss the rationale of this course design......Theory of Machines and Mechanisms course is one of the essential courses of Mechanical Engineering undergraduate curriculum practiced at Indian Institute. Previously, this course was taught by traditional instruction based pedagogy. In order to achieve profession specific skills demanded...

  4. Advancing Control for Shield Tunneling Machine by Backstepping Design with LuGre Friction Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haibo Xie

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Shield tunneling machine is widely applied for underground tunnel construction. The shield machine is a complex machine with large momentum and ultralow advancing speed. The working condition underground is rather complicated and unpredictable, and brings big trouble in controlling the advancing speed. This paper focused on the advancing motion control on desired tunnel axis. A three-state dynamic model was established with considering unknown front face earth pressure force and unknown friction force. LuGre friction model was introduced to describe the friction force. Backstepping design was then proposed to make tracking error converge to zero. To have a comparison study, controller without LuGre model was designed. Tracking simulations of speed regulations and simulations when front face earth pressure changed were carried out to show the transient performances of the proposed controller. The results indicated that the controller had good tracking performance even under changing geological conditions. Experiments of speed regulations were carried out to have validations of the controllers.

  5. Design and Analysis of a Sensor System for Cutting Force Measurement in Machining Processes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Qiaokang; Zhang, Dan; Coppola, Gianmarc; Mao, Jianxu; Sun, Wei; Wang, Yaonan; Ge, Yunjian

    2016-01-07

    Multi-component force sensors have infiltrated a wide variety of automation products since the 1970s. However, one seldom finds full-component sensor systems available in the market for cutting force measurement in machine processes. In this paper, a new six-component sensor system with a compact monolithic elastic element (EE) is designed and developed to detect the tangential cutting forces Fx, Fy and Fz (i.e., forces along x-, y-, and z-axis) as well as the cutting moments Mx, My and Mz (i.e., moments about x-, y-, and z-axis) simultaneously. Optimal structural parameters of the EE are carefully designed via simulation-driven optimization. Moreover, a prototype sensor system is fabricated, which is applied to a 5-axis parallel kinematic machining center. Calibration experimental results demonstrate that the system is capable of measuring cutting forces and moments with good linearity while minimizing coupling error. Both the Finite Element Analysis (FEA) and calibration experimental studies validate the high performance of the proposed sensor system that is expected to be adopted into machining processes.

  6. Design and Analysis of a Sensor System for Cutting Force Measurement in Machining Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qiaokang Liang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Multi-component force sensors have infiltrated a wide variety of automation products since the 1970s. However, one seldom finds full-component sensor systems available in the market for cutting force measurement in machine processes. In this paper, a new six-component sensor system with a compact monolithic elastic element (EE is designed and developed to detect the tangential cutting forces Fx, Fy and Fz (i.e., forces along x-, y-, and z-axis as well as the cutting moments Mx, My and Mz (i.e., moments about x-, y-, and z-axis simultaneously. Optimal structural parameters of the EE are carefully designed via simulation-driven optimization. Moreover, a prototype sensor system is fabricated, which is applied to a 5-axis parallel kinematic machining center. Calibration experimental results demonstrate that the system is capable of measuring cutting forces and moments with good linearity while minimizing coupling error. Both the Finite Element Analysis (FEA and calibration experimental studies validate the high performance of the proposed sensor system that is expected to be adopted into machining processes.

  7. DESIGNING A FINITE STATE MACHINE SIMULATOR TO DETECT LOOPS FOR ALICE DETECTOR CONTROL SYSTEM

    CERN Document Server

    Yogatama, Bobbi Winema

    2017-01-01

    This paper present the design and implementation of a Finite State Machine simulator to provoke loops in ALICE Detector Control System (DCS). Loops in a Finite State Machine can be very harmful for the control system and need to be prevented. One way to prevent loops is to simulate the designed Finite State Machine using a simulator that can detect all of the possible conditions that can provoke loops. Further correction can then be made after the loops are detected in the control system. The proposed simulator is able to get the structure of any unknown FSM, get every datapoint elements that are associated with the FSM, and find every possible datapoint combinations that can provoke loops in the FSM. At the end of the project, we tested the simulator on a sample FSM with loops and a real FSM that belongs to the ALICE PHOton Spectrometer (PHOS). The testing results indicate that the simulator is able to detect every possible condition that can cause loops in the FSM.

  8. Design Optimization And Thermal Analysis Of Multipurpose Refrigerant Gas Recovery Machine: An Innovative Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jirapure, Sagar C.

    2010-10-01

    Today on the global scene, world will see a definite impact of global temperatures, coupled with burgeoning population, will make society more vulnerable to climatic disorder, drought, famines, and flood longer heat waves spreading to newer areas. Tropical islands and low-lying coastal areas will face the treat of being submerged. Hence, it is important to reduce refrigerant emission and the approaching and with approaching phase out date for CFC elimination. It is important to recover as much of refrigerant as possible. Likewise, HFCs should also be recovered as they have high GWP. For such recovery of refrigerant, a recovery & recycling machine is required. The machine is usually comprising a hermetic compressor, air-cooled condenser, distilator, Oil separator, filters and Electric motor. The refrigerant from the appliances is drown through the filters by compressor and then discharged into recovery cylinder. The recovery cylinder should just be used for recovered refrigerant. This is because oil will usually be covered with refrigerant and this will contaminate the cylinder. It is therefore very important to treat the recovery of refrigerant at most accuracy, which require close optimization of design and further analysis of gas behavior in the system. This project aims to provide optimum solution as regards to thermal analysis of gas recovery machine. For getting insight the parameters like Specific heat of vapor at constant pressure, Density of saturated vapor, Latent heat of vaporization at boiling point, Thermal conductivity of vapor, Surface tension, etc. will require critical approach. To impart the thermal analysis, ANSYS software is proposed. It in turn provides the details of temperatures through out the piping of machine, pressure and velocity of at various locations of different components as well as the thermal zones near to high pressure and temperatures in the machine, which gives better approach for design of future gas recovery machines. It is

  9. Hardware principles for the design of a stereo-matching state machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. Kalomiros

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents basic design principles for hardware implementation of a two-pass stereo-matching algorithm based on dynamic programming. For the first-pass a state-machine is proposed for the recursive calculation of the cost-function. The state-machine works along the diagonal of a 2-D disparity space for each epipolar pair of image scan-lines. On-chip local RAM stores tags that denote the minimum transition cost to every point in the disparity space among possible costs from all three neighboring points. All calculations are within a pre-determined useful disparity range. For the second pass, hardware rules are presented that produce the correct disparity per pixel, by backtracking stored cost values. Hard-ware stages are structured along a fully parallel pipeline, that outputs disparities in step with the input serial pixel stream at clock rate.

  10. Design of a new torque standard machine based on a torque generation method using electromagnetic force

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishino, Atsuhiro; Ueda, Kazunaga; Fujii, Kenichi

    2017-02-01

    To allow the application of torque standards in various industries, we have been developing torque standard machines based on a lever deadweight system, i.e. a torque generation method using gravity. However, this method is not suitable for expanding the low end of the torque range, because of the limitations to the sizes of the weights and moment arms. In this study, the working principle of the torque generation method using an electromagnetic force was investigated by referring to watt balance experiments used for the redefinition of the kilogram. Applying this principle to a rotating coordinate system, an electromagnetic force type torque standard machine was designed and prototyped. It was experimentally demonstrated that SI-traceable torque could be generated by converting electrical power to mechanical power. Thus, for the first time, SI-traceable torque was successfully realized using a method other than that based on the force of gravity.

  11. Design of the Injection and extraction system and related machine protection for the Clic Damping Rings

    CERN Document Server

    Apsimon, Robert; Barnes, Mike; Borburgh, Jan; Goddard, Brennan; Papaphilippou, Yannis; Uythoven, Jan

    2014-01-01

    Linear machines such as CLIC have relatively low rates of collision between bunches compared to their circular counterparts. In order to achieve the required luminosity, a very small spot size is envisaged at the interaction point, thus a low emittance beam is needed. Damping rings are essential for producing the low emittances needed for the CLIC main beam. It is crucial that the beams are injected and extracted from the damping rings in a stable and repeatable fashion to minimise emittance blow-up and beam jitter at the interaction point; both of these effects will deteriorate the luminosity at the interaction point. In this paper, the parameters and constraints of the injection and extraction systems are considered and the design of these systems is optimised within this parameter space. Related machine protection is considered in order to prevent damage from potential failure modes of the injection and extraction systems.

  12. PSS and TCSC damping controller coordinated design using PSO in multi-machine power system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shayeghi, H., E-mail: hshayeghi@gmail.co [Technical Engineering Department, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Safari, A.; Shayanfar, H.A. [Center of Excellence for Power System Automation and Operation, Electrical Engineering Department, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2010-12-15

    The paper develops a new design procedure for simultaneous coordinated designing of the thyristor controlled series capacitor (TCSC) damping controller and power system stabilizer (PSS) in multi-machine power system. The coordinated design problem of PSS and TCSC damping controllers over a wide range of loading conditions is converted to an optimization problem with the time domain-based objective function that is solved by a particle swarm optimization (PSO) technique which has a strong ability to find the most optimistic results. By minimizing the proposed fitness function in which oscillatory characteristics between areas are included and thus the interactions among the TCSC controller and PSS under transient conditions in the multi-machine power system are improved. To ensure the robustness of the proposed stabilizers, the design process takes a wide range of operating conditions into account. The effectiveness of the proposed controller is demonstrated through the nonlinear time-domain simulation and some performance indices studies. The results of these studies show that the proposed coordinated controllers have an excellent capability in damping power system inter-area oscillations and enhance greatly the dynamic stability of the power system. Moreover, it is superior to both the uncoordinated designed stabilizers of the PSS and the TCSC damping controller.

  13. Design of high-performing hybrid meta-heuristics for unrelated parallel machine scheduling with machine eligibility and precedence constraints

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afzalirad, Mojtaba; Rezaeian, Javad

    2016-04-01

    This study involves an unrelated parallel machine scheduling problem in which sequence-dependent set-up times, different release dates, machine eligibility and precedence constraints are considered to minimize total late works. A new mixed-integer programming model is presented and two efficient hybrid meta-heuristics, genetic algorithm and ant colony optimization, combined with the acceptance strategy of the simulated annealing algorithm (Metropolis acceptance rule), are proposed to solve this problem. Manifestly, the precedence constraints greatly increase the complexity of the scheduling problem to generate feasible solutions, especially in a parallel machine environment. In this research, a new corrective algorithm is proposed to obtain the feasibility in all stages of the algorithms. The performance of the proposed algorithms is evaluated in numerical examples. The results indicate that the suggested hybrid ant colony optimization statistically outperformed the proposed hybrid genetic algorithm in solving large-size test problems.

  14. A New Automated Design Method Based on Machine Learning for CMOS Analog Circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moradi, Behzad; Mirzaei, Abdolreza

    2016-11-01

    A new simulation based automated CMOS analog circuit design method which applies a multi-objective non-Darwinian-type evolutionary algorithm based on Learnable Evolution Model (LEM) is proposed in this article. The multi-objective property of this automated design of CMOS analog circuits is governed by a modified Strength Pareto Evolutionary Algorithm (SPEA) incorporated in the LEM algorithm presented here. LEM includes a machine learning method such as the decision trees that makes a distinction between high- and low-fitness areas in the design space. The learning process can detect the right directions of the evolution and lead to high steps in the evolution of the individuals. The learning phase shortens the evolution process and makes remarkable reduction in the number of individual evaluations. The expert designer's knowledge on circuit is applied in the design process in order to reduce the design space as well as the design time. The circuit evaluation is made by HSPICE simulator. In order to improve the design accuracy, bsim3v3 CMOS transistor model is adopted in this proposed design method. This proposed design method is tested on three different operational amplifier circuits. The performance of this proposed design method is verified by comparing it with the evolutionary strategy algorithm and other similar methods.

  15. Market Research and Magazine Circulation Promotion: A Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Tubergen, G. Norman

    When a major national news magazine decided to advertise on television to increase circulation, market researchers had to design research procedures that would assess the effectiveness of various advertising options. The system was designed around the toll-free telephone number given in the advertisement, with the receiving operator recording the…

  16. An overview of the mechanical design of the Atlas pulsed power machine

    CERN Document Server

    Bowman, D W; Barr, G W; Bennett, G A; Cochrane, J C; Davis, H A; Davis, T O; Dorr, G; Gribble, R F; Griego, J R; Hood, M; Kimerly, H J; Martínez, A; McCuistian, B T; Miller, R B; Ney, S A; Nielsen, K; Pankuch, P; Parsons, W M; Potter, C; Ricketts, R L; Salazar, H R; Scudder, D W; Shapiro, C; Thompson, M C; Trainor, R J; Valdez, G A; Yonemoto, W; Kirbie, H C

    1999-01-01

    Atlas is a pulsed-power facility being designed at Los Alamos National Laboratory to perform high-energy density experiments in support of Science-Based Stockpile Stewardship and basic research programs. Atlas will consist of 24 individual maintenance units, each consisting of 4 240-kV Marx units. Maintenance units are contained in large oil tanks arrayed in a circle about a central target chamber. Total stored energy of the capacitor bank will be 23 MJ. Maintenance units will discharge through an output shorting switch into a vertical tri-plate transmission line, and from there into a transition area/collector inside a large vacuum chamber. An overview of mechanical design aspects of the Atlas machine is presented. These include maintenance unit design and design of the tri-plate transmission line and transition region. Findings from fabrication and testing of prototype systems are discussed. (2 refs).

  17. Man-machine interface in a submarine command and weapon control system: features and design experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan H. Aas

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Important man-machine interface (MMI issues concerning a submarine command and weapon control system (CWCS such as crew organization, automation level and decision support are discussed in this paper. Generic submarine CWCS functions and operating conditions are outlined. Detailed, dynamic and real-time prototypes were used to support the MMI design. The prototypes are described and experience with detailed prototyping is discussed. Some of the main interaction principles are summarized and a restricted example of the resulting design is given. Our design experience and current work have been used to outline future perspectives of MMI design in naval CWCSs. The need for both formal and experimental approaches is emphasized.

  18. GA-Based Autonomous Design of Robust Fast and Precise Positioning Considering Machine Stand Vibration Suppression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Kazuaki; Nagata, Ryo; Iwasaki, Makoto; Matsui, Nobuyuki

    This paper presents a novel Genetic Algorithm (GA)-based autonomous compensator design and position command shaping considering the stand vibration suppression for the fast-response and high-precision positioning of mechatronic systems. The positioning system is mainly composed of a robust 2-degrees-of-freedom (2DOF) controller based on the coprime factorization description. The feedback compensator based on H∞ design framework in the 2DOF controller ensures the robustness against the variations of resonant vibration mode. The feedforward compensator and position command, on the other hand, can be autonomously designed by the optimization capability of GA, in order to achieve the desired positioning performance and to suppress the machine stand vibration. The effectiveness of the proposed optimal design has been verified by experiments using a table drive system with ball screw.

  19. Design of intelligent proximity detection zones to prevent striking and pinning fatalities around continuous mining machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bissert, P.T.; Carr, J.L.; DuCarme, J.P.; Smith, A.K.

    2017-01-01

    The continuous mining machine is a key piece of equipment used in underground coal mining operations. Over the past several decades these machines have been involved in a number of mine worker fatalities. Proximity detection systems have been developed to avert hazards associated with operating continuous mining machines. Incorporating intelligent design into proximity detection systems allows workers greater freedom to position themselves to see visual cues or avoid other hazards such as haulage equipment or unsupported roof or ribs. However, intelligent systems must be as safe as conventional proximity detection systems. An evaluation of the 39 fatal accidents for which the Mine Safety and Health Administration has published fatality investigation reports was conducted to determine whether the accident may have been prevented by conventional or intelligent proximity. Multiple zone configurations for the intelligent systems were studied to determine how system performance might be affected by the zone configuration. Researchers found that 32 of the 39 fatalities, or 82 percent, may have been prevented by both conventional and intelligent proximity systems. These results indicate that, by properly configuring the zones of an intelligent proximity detection system, equivalent protection to a conventional system is possible. PMID:28626352

  20. Global Machine Design and Double X-point Equilibrium Configurations for Ignitor*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi, A.; Parodi, B.; Coppi, B.

    2008-11-01

    The detailed design of the Ignitor machine has been carried out by considering extended limiter plasma configurations that are up-down symmetric and whose outer magnetic surfaces follow closely the cavity of the toroidal magnet over most of the vertical cross section. This provision minimizes the out-of- plane forces produced by the plasma current and acting on the toroidal magnet. When, instead, the adopted plasma equilibrium configuration is of the double X-point type the out-of-plane forces increase, and a complete structural analysis to take this increase into account becomes appropriate. The reference maximum plasma current Ip, in order to maintain an acceptable magnetic safety factor, is reduced from 11 MA in the extended limiter to 9 MA in the double X-point configuration while the magnetic field on axis (R01.32 m) is maintained at BT13 T. The reduced scenario involving Ip6 MA and BT9 T does not present a problem. Both 3D and 2D drawings of each individual machine component are produced using the Dassault Systems CATIA-V software. After their integration into a single 3D CATIA model of the Core (Load Assembly), the electro-fluidic and fluidic lines which supply electrical currents and helium cooling gas to the coils are included and mechanically connected to the main machine components.^*Sponsored in part by ENEA of Italy and by the U.S. D.O.E.

  1. Vessel and In-Vessel Components Design Upgrade of the FAST machine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Crescenzi, F., E-mail: fabio.crescenzi@enea.it [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, C.R. Frascati, Via E. Fermi 45, IT-00044 Frascati (Italy); Roccella, S.; Brolatti, G. [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, C.R. Frascati, Via E. Fermi 45, IT-00044 Frascati (Italy); Cao, L. [Institute of Plasma Physics, Chinese Academy of Science, Shushanhu Road 350, Hefei 230031 (China); Crisanti, F.; Cucchiaro, A. [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, C.R. Frascati, Via E. Fermi 45, IT-00044 Frascati (Italy); Di Gironimo, G.; Labate, C. [Association Euratom/ENEA/CREATE, DiME, Università Federico II di Napoli, 80125 Napoli (Italy); Lucca, F. [LT Calcoli SaS, Piazza Prinetti 26/B, 23807 Merate (Italy); Maddaluno, G.; Ramogida, G. [Associazione EURATOM-ENEA sulla Fusione, C.R. Frascati, Via E. Fermi 45, IT-00044 Frascati (Italy); Renno, F. [Association Euratom/ENEA/CREATE, DiME, Università Federico II di Napoli, 80125 Napoli (Italy)

    2013-10-15

    Highlights: • One of the most important part of the FAST machine is the Divertor and many efforts have been made to improve the design, the mock-ups manufacturing and so on. • This work deals with the design analysis of the Divertor to help and suggest indications for the mock-ups manufacturing. • The data coming from the results confirm many experimental data, then it could be very useful for the future design optimization. -- Abstract: The Fusion Advanced Study Torus (FAST), with its compact Tokamak design, high toroidal field and plasma current, will face many of the problems that ITER will meet and will anticipate many DEMO relevant physics and technology issues. The Design Upgrade of the Vessel and In-Vessel Components is presented in this paper. Relevant modifications were performed to the Vacuum Vessel (VV) and to the Plasma Facing Components (PFCs), i.e. the First Wall (FW) and the Divertor. The VV was modified to insert active reduction coils (ARC), between VV and the toroidal field (TF) coils to keep toroidal field magnet ripple lower than 0.3% and to allow Remote Handling for the FW and the Divertor. The FW, was modified to house coils for ELMs control and other plasma instabilities. A 3D thermo-hydraulic analysis using ANSYS code was performed to check FW heat removal capability. A new Divertor was designed to withstand the largest thermal loads of the high performance, low density, H-mode and to be able to comply with a recent magnetic topology called as “Snow Flake”, increasing up a factor 4 the flux expansion. An exhaustive 3D thermo-hydraulic analysis using ANSYS code was carried out to show the capability of the Divertor to comply these high requirements. Design criteria were satisfied by present components of the upgraded machine.

  2. Design and analysis of an unconventional permanent magnet linear machine for energy harvesting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Peng

    This Ph.D. dissertation proposes an unconventional high power density linear electromagnetic kinetic energy harvester, and a high-performance two-stage interface power electronics to maintain maximum power abstraction from the energy source and charge the Li-ion battery load with constant current. The proposed machine architecture is composed of a double-sided flat type silicon steel stator with winding slots, a permanent magnet mover, coil windings, a linear motion guide and an adjustable spring bearing. The unconventional design of the machine is that NdFeB magnet bars in the mover are placed with magnetic fields in horizontal direction instead of vertical direction and the same magnetic poles are facing each other. The derived magnetic equivalent circuit model proves the average air-gap flux density of the novel topology is as high as 0.73 T with 17.7% improvement over that of the conventional topology at the given geometric dimensions of the proof-of-concept machine. Subsequently, the improved output voltage and power are achieved. The dynamic model of the linear generator is also developed, and the analytical equations of output maximum power are derived for the case of driving vibration with amplitude that is equal, smaller and larger than the relative displacement between the mover and the stator of the machine respectively. Furthermore, the finite element analysis (FEA) model has been simulated to prove the derived analytical results and the improved power generation capability. Also, an optimization framework is explored to extend to the multi-Degree-of-Freedom (n-DOF) vibration based linear energy harvesting devices. Moreover, a boost-buck cascaded switch mode converter with current controller is designed to extract the maximum power from the harvester and charge the Li-ion battery with trickle current. Meanwhile, a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm is proposed and optimized for low frequency driving vibrations. Finally, a proof

  3. Multi-Machine Controller Design of Permanent Magnet Wind Generators using Hamiltonian Energy Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bing Wang

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the nonlinear control problem of permanent magnet wind generators is investigated based on Hamiltonian energy method. A nonlinear design method is proposed for the multi-machine system, such that the closed-loop system is stable simultaneously. Moreover, in the presence of disturbances, the closed-loop is finite–gain L2 stable under the action of the Hamiltonian controller. In order to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method, the simulations are performed which show that the gotten controller can improve the transient property and robustness of the system.  

  4. Mechatronic System Design and Intelligent Motion Control of Hydraulic Robots and Machines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Conrad, Finn; Sørensen, Torben

    2003-01-01

    The paper presents an approach and concept to mechatronic system design and intelligent motion control. The Information Technology (IT) offers software and hardware for improvement of R&D Mechatronic Teams to create products and solutions for industrial applications. The latest progress in IT makes...... control as well as from the Esprit project SWING on IT-tools for rapid prototyping of fluid power components and systems. A mechatronic test facility for a DTU-AAU hydraulic robot ¿Thor¿, and a CNC XY-machine table was implemented. The controller applies digital signal processors (DSPs). The DSP...

  5. Conceptual Design of the Pantograph Type In-Vessel Transfer Machine in PGSFR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, S. H.; Koo, G. H. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    The purpose of a pantograph type in-vessel transfer machine (IVTM) is to transfer new assemblies to a reactor core, and to remove spent assemblies from a core barrel. It is also used to place them into the invessel storage and retrieve core assemblies from the fuel transfer port. The pantograph type IVTM has six motions, i. e., the rotation of the support tube, the pantograph movement, the gripper vertical travel, the gripper rotation, the gripper finger motion, and a hold down movement. This machine is activated in combination with a single rotating plug and is in the reactor during the refueling, in-service inspection, and repair. The pantograph motion is achieved by the extension or retraction of the pantograph arm. In this study, the conceptual design of a pantograph type IVTM was performed. The 3D configuration and driving mechanisms of the IVTM were designed by considering the core configuration of the PGSFR. The conceptual design of the pantograph type IVTM in the PGSFR was performed, and the driving mechanisms for the pantograph movement, the support tube structure and the gripper assembly were reviewed.

  6. Design of a drying system for a rollover carwash machine using CFD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyyed M.M. Sabet

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This work describes the design and development of a new drying system for a rollover carwash machine with the support of numerical tools. The drying system is composed of a pair of stationary vertical dryers and a moveable horizontal dryer that can adjust itself to the contour of a vehicle. After the definition of the dryers’ concept, their performance was assessed individually to check their internal flow pattern and to improve their airflow distribution. These issues are expected to provide feedback on redesign and geometric optimization of the dryers. After redesign of the dryers separately, the behaviour of the complete drying system was studied on actual vehicle models, representative of the shortest and tallest dimensions that can be washed with the existing carwash machine sector. The drying efficiency of the whole system was studied by calculation of shear stress distribution on various surfaces of a given vehicle. The results allowed concluding that the overall drying performance of the design system is very good and assure adequate drying on most vehicles surfaces. The results obtained from numerical studies were then validated with experimental measurements and a good agreement was found between the two. The procedure employed in this work can be applied to support the design and analysis of other mechanical drying systems.

  7. Design Comparison of Inner and Outer Rotor of Permanent Magnet Flux Switching Machine for Electric Bicycle Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jusoh, L. I.; Sulaiman, E.; Bahrim, F. S.; Kumar, R.

    2017-08-01

    Recent advancements have led to the development of flux switching machines (FSMs) with flux sources within the stators. The advantage of being a single-piece machine with a robust rotor structure makes FSM an excellent choice for speed applications. There are three categories of FSM, namely, the permanent magnet (PM) FSM, the field excitation (FE) FSM, and the hybrid excitation (HE) FSM. The PMFSM and the FEFSM have their respective PM and field excitation coil (FEC) as their key flux sources. Meanwhile, as the name suggests, the HEFSM has a combination of PM and FECs as the flux sources. The PMFSM is a simple and cheap machine, and it has the ability to control variable flux, which would be suitable for an electric bicycle. Thus, this paper will present a design comparison between an inner rotor and an outer rotor for a single-phase permanent magnet flux switching machine with 8S-10P, designed specifically for an electric bicycle. The performance of this machine was validated using the 2D- FEA. As conclusion, the outer-rotor has much higher torque approximately at 54.2% of an innerrotor PMFSM. From the comprehensive analysis of both designs it can be conclude that output performance is lower than the SRM and IPMSM design machine. But, it shows that the possibility to increase the design performance by using “deterministic optimization method”.

  8. Designing High-Fidelity Single-Shot Three-Qubit Gates: A Machine-Learning Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zahedinejad, Ehsan; Ghosh, Joydip; Sanders, Barry C.

    2016-11-01

    Three-qubit quantum gates are key ingredients for quantum error correction and quantum-information processing. We generate quantum-control procedures to design three types of three-qubit gates, namely Toffoli, controlled-not-not, and Fredkin gates. The design procedures are applicable to a system comprising three nearest-neighbor-coupled superconducting artificial atoms. For each three-qubit gate, the numerical simulation of the proposed scheme achieves 99.9% fidelity, which is an accepted threshold fidelity for fault-tolerant quantum computing. We test our procedure in the presence of decoherence-induced noise and show its robustness against random external noise generated by the control electronics. The three-qubit gates are designed via the machine-learning algorithm called subspace-selective self-adaptive differential evolution.

  9. Design of a GSM Based Electronic Voting Machine with Voter Tracking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaibhav Bhatia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the design of a GSM based electronic voting machine with voter tracking. The design presented here follows a GSM based approach to send the polling results to a base station via mobile network. Infrared sensors have been used for tracking the information regarding the voters. After the voting process has been over, the results are sent to the base station for various analyses and declaring the verdict. This system is more secured and chances of tampering the results are reduced. The simulation of the system is done on Proteus Professional Software v8.0. The design presented in this paper is more secured and appropriate according to modern day requirements.

  10. Welcome to NIH MedlinePlus magazine!

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Current Issue Past Issues Welcome to NIH MedlinePlus magazine! Past Issues / Winter 2009 Table of Contents For ... Produced by the National Institutes of Health, the magazine and its companion Web site medlineplus.gov are ...

  11. Research Review: Magazine Editors and Editing Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jolliffe, Lee

    1994-01-01

    Reviews and critiques literature in the subfield of magazine editing research, chiefly biographical studies of individual editors and various types of studies of editorial practices, including surveys, magazine content analyses, and close qualitative examinations of editors' relationships with others. (SR)

  12. PM Axial Flux Machine Design for Hybrid Traction Conception d’une machine à flux axial à aimants permanents pour la traction hybride

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de la Barrière O.

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available the best ways in order to reduce fuel consumption for vehicles. It consists of associating an electric motor next to the classical thermal machine. In this embedded system, the efficiency and the torque per unit mass are very important. So it seems to be a good idea to use a permanent magnet synchronous machine, which is recognized for satisfying these two objectives. Since the allocated volume is rather flat, axial flux topologies are interesting. This paper’s goal is to propose an optimal first design method for such structures, given the allocated volume and the machine requirements. La traction hybride semble actuellement un des moyens les plus prometteurs pour réduire la consommation de carburant des véhicules. Ce procédé consiste à associer un moteur électrique au moteur thermique traditionnel. Pour une telle application embarquée, le rendement, ainsi que le couple massique, sont des critères de conception de première importance. Dans ce contexte, le recours à une machine synchrone à aimants permanents, reconnue pour satisfaire ces deux critères, semble être approprié. Vu que le volume alloué à la machine électrique est de forme discoïde, les topologies à flux axial semblent les plus intéressantes. L’objectif de cet article est de proposer une méthodologie de pré-dimensionnement de tels actionneurs, en ayant fixé au préalable le volume maximal permis ainsi que le cahier des charges de la machine.

  13. How do users design? The case of sugar cane harvester machines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narimoto, Lidiane Regina; Camarotto, João Alberto

    2017-01-01

    Design in use and inventiveness are key concepts in ergonomics. It is well-known that users design but is not explored in the literature how they manage to do that. This paper aims to contribute to the discussion of how users actually design, by showing a research conducted in sugar cane harvesting in Brazil and in Australia. Through the methodology of the Ergonomic Work Analysis (EWA), the design modifications made by the harvesting teams were identified as well as their elaboration process. Three categories of modifications in machines' design were identified: structural, functional and operational and they were more numerous in Brazilian situations. It is proposed that two theories underlying the theme are intertwined: the instrument-mediated activity approach and the design as bricolage. It is argued that users design through the articulation of: a) the operators' activity, b) the mechanical technicians' inventory to practice bricolage as a way of designing and c) the work organisation and the existence of social spaces of interaction between these two subjects.

  14. ASK Magazine; No. 21

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laufer, Alexander (Editor); Little, Terry (Editor); Davis, Marty (Editor); Simmons, Jessica (Editor); Margolies, Donald (Editor); Goshorn, Larry (Editor)

    2005-01-01

    THIS ISSUE FEATURES A VISUAL DEPICTION OF THE ACADEMY of Program and Project Leadership (APPL). I imagine a variety of initial reactions to the drawing. One might be, "What is a cartoon doing in a magazine about project management?" Or perhaps, "Wow, nice colors-and fun." Another may be to closely search the image for signs, symbols and meaning. Still another, to read a new level of innovation and creativity into the picture. Undoubtedly, some readers will raise questions about the cost. Of course, any reaction is a sign of engagement. The stronger, the more energized the emotional and cognitive processing, the better. It is a sign of attention and interaction. For I've heard it said, "You only need to worry if they don t care one way or the other." So what is the point of the picture? To stimulate interest, raise questions, promote discussion, and maybe raise a smile.. .That, at least, was my initial reaction when I was introduced to the work of Nancy Hegedus, who helps to create these drawings for Root Learning Inc. At the NASA PM Conference, I was first shown the work Nancy had been doing with the help of Goddard s Knowledge Management Architect, Dr. Ed Rogers. I was immediately drawn into the power of visualization as a tool for more effective learning, communicating, and conveying complex knowledge concepts. We need new tools in today s world, where information and data overwhelms by sheer volume. There are articles, pamphlets, communications, and white papers-all aiming to convince and influence. Reactions to these tend to be either avoidance or mind-numbing, heavy-eyed consent; the message never registers or enters the soul. That s one of the reasons that APPL s Knowledge Sharing Initiative (KSI) has turned to storytelling as a memorable way of transfer- ring knowledge, inspiring imitation of best practices, and spurring reflection. ASK Magazine s recent fourth birthday marks an important milestone in APPL s continuing quest to provide ongoing support to

  15. Design method for heat exchanger of stirling cycle machines; Sutaringu saikuru kikan ni okeru netsu kokanki no sekkei shuho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sekiya, H. [Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-11-10

    Recently, the Stirling cycle organization attracts the attention as 1 of the countermeasure to the global environmental problem, and the tendency of various application equipment developments heightens. The main factor is in constructing CFC elimination refrigeration air conditioner, and the development example as an engine for power source of refrigerating machine used in the ultra-low-temperature region and equipment variously is reported. In this paper, practical design tool and design examination case are introduced, while design technique of heat exchanger, which is the most important in design development of these, ST refrigerating machine and ST engines is described. (NEDO)

  16. Inflatable Wing Design Parameter Optimization Using Orthogonal Testing and Support Vector Machines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zhifei; WANG Hua

    2012-01-01

    The robust parameter design method is a traditional approach to robust experimental design that seeks to obtain the optimal combination of factors/levels.To overcome some of the defects of the inflatable wing parameter design method,this paper proposes an optimization design scheme based on orthogonal testing and support vector machines (SVMs).Orthogonal testing design is used to estimate the appropriate initial value and variation domain of each variable to decrease the number of iterations and improve the identification accuracy and efficiency.Orthogonal tests consisting of three factors and three levels are designed to analyze the parameters of pressure,uniform applied load and the number of chambers that affect the bending response of inflatable wings.An SVM intelligent model is established and limited orthogonal test swatches are studied.Thus,the precise relationships between each parameter and product quality features,as well the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR),can be obtained.This can guide general technological design optimization.

  17. Design Considerations of a Transverse Flux Machine for Direct-Drive Wind Turbine Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Husain, Tausif; Hasan, Iftekhar; Sozer, Yilmaz; Husain, Iqbal; Muljadi, Eduard

    2017-02-16

    This paper presents the design considerations of a double-sided transverse flux machine (TFM) for direct-drive wind turbine applications. The TFM has a modular structure with quasi-U stator cores and ring windings. The rotor is constructed with ferrite magnets in a flux-concentrating arrangement to achieve high air gap flux density. The design considerations for this TFM with respect to initial sizing, pole number selection, key design ratios, and pole shaping are presented in this paper. Pole number selection is critical in the design process of a TFM because it affects both the torque density and power factor under fixed magnetic and changing electrical loading. Several key design ratios are introduced to facilitate the design procedure. The effect of pole shaping on back-emf and inductance is also analyzed. These investigations provide guidance toward the required design of a TFM for direct-drive applications. The analyses are carried out using analytical and three-dimensional finite element analysis. A prototype is under construction for experimental verification.

  18. Design Considerations of a Transverse Flux Machine for Direct-Drive Wind Turbine Applications: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Husain, Tausif; Hasan, Iftekhar; Sozer, Yilmaz; Husain, Iqbal; Muljadi, Eduard

    2017-01-01

    This paper presents the design considerations of a double-sided transverse flux machine (TFM) for direct-drive wind turbine applications. The TFM has a modular structure with quasi-U stator cores and ring windings. The rotor is constructed with ferrite magnets in a flux-concentrating arrangement to achieve high air gap flux density. The design considerations for this TFM with respect to initial sizing, pole number selection, key design ratios, and pole shaping are presented in this paper. Pole number selection is critical in the design process of a TFM because it affects both the torque density and power factor under fixed magnetic and changing electrical loading. Several key design ratios are introduced to facilitate the design procedure. The effect of pole shaping on back-emf and inductance is also analyzed. These investigations provide guidance toward the required design of a TFM for direct-drive applications. The analyses are carried out using analytical and three-dimensional finite element analysis. A prototype is under construction for experimental verification.

  19. Research Review: City and Regional Magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hynds, Ernest C.

    1994-01-01

    Argues that city magazines have vast unexplored potential as agenda setters, investigative reporters, and advocates of improved cities. Traces the historical development of city magazines, reviews the limited research in the field, and suggests research approaches that the magazines could use to expand their services to readers, advertisers,…

  20. Model design and simulation of automatic sorting machine using proximity sensor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bankole I. Oladapo

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The automatic sorting system has been reported to be complex and a global problem. This is because of the inability of sorting machines to incorporate flexibility in their design concept. This research therefore designed and developed an automated sorting object of a conveyor belt. The developed automated sorting machine is able to incorporate flexibility and separate species of non-ferrous metal objects and at the same time move objects automatically to the basket as defined by the regulation of the Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC with a capacitive proximity sensor to detect a value range of objects. The result obtained shows that plastic, wood, and steel were sorted into their respective and correct position with an average, sorting, time of 9.903 s, 14.072 s and 18.648 s respectively. The proposed developed model of this research could be adopted at any institution or industries, whose practices are based on mechatronics engineering systems. This is to guide the industrial sector in sorting of object and teaching aid to institutions and hence produce the list of classified materials according to the enabled sorting program commands.

  1. CATIA-V 3D Modeling for Design Integration of the Ignitor Machine Load Assembly^*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianchi, A.; Parodi, B.; Gardella, F.; Coppi, B.

    2007-11-01

    In the framework of the ANSALDO industrial contribution to the Ignitor engineering design, the detailed design of all components of the machine core (Load Assembly) has been completed. The machine Central Post, Central Solenoid, and Poloidal Field Coil systems, the Plasma Chamber and First Wall system, the surrounding mechanical structures, the Vacuum Cryostat and the polyethylene boron sheets attached to it for neutron shielding, have all been analyzed to confirm that they can withstand both normal and off-normal operating loads, as well as the Plasma Chamber and First Wall baking operations, with proper safety margins, for the maximum plasma parameters scenario at 13 T/11 MA, for the reduced scenarios at 9 T/7 MA (limiter) and at 9 T/6 MA (double nul). Both 3D and 2D drawings of each individual component have been produced using the Dassault Systems CATIA-V software. After they have been all integrated into a single 3D CATIA model of the Load Assembly, the electro-fluidic and fluidic lines which supply electrical currents and helium cooling gas to the coils have been added and mechanically incorporated with the components listed above. A global seismic analysis of the Load Assembly with SSE/OBE response spectra has also been performed to verify that it is able to withstand such external events. ^*Work supported in part by ENEA of italy and by the US D.O.E.

  2. Design and Performance Evaluation of a Corn De-Cobbing and Separating Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oriaku E.C

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural products like maize, soya bean, millet and rice, when processed into quality forms not only prolongs the useful life of these products, but increases the net profit farmers make from mechanization technologies of such products. One of the most important processing operations done to bring out the quality of maize is de-cobbing or threshing of maize. Consequently, a de-cobbing and separation machine was designed, fabricated and its performance evaluated. Corn at moisture content of 15.14% db sourced locally was used in the experiment and the data collected were analyzed. Results showed that for a total 20kg of sample tested, the average feed and threshing time were 2.37 and 2.95 minutes respectively. The average feed and threshing rates were 2.06 and 1.65 kg/min with an average threshing efficiency of 78.93 %. The average separation efficiency was 56.06 %. These results indicate that threshing and separation can be performed out satisfactorily with the designed machine and it can be used to process about 1 tonne of maize per nine-hour shift.

  3. Motor imaginary-based brain-machine interface design using programmable logic controllers for the disabled.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeyabalan, Vickneswaran; Samraj, Andrews; Loo, Chu Kiong

    2010-10-01

    Aiming at the implementation of brain-machine interfaces (BMI) for the aid of disabled people, this paper presents a system design for real-time communication between the BMI and programmable logic controllers (PLCs) to control an electrical actuator that could be used in devices to help the disabled. Motor imaginary signals extracted from the brain’s motor cortex using an electroencephalogram (EEG) were used as a control signal. The EEG signals were pre-processed by means of adaptive recursive band-pass filtrations (ARBF) and classified using simplified fuzzy adaptive resonance theory mapping (ARTMAP) in which the classified signals are then translated into control signals used for machine control via the PLC. A real-time test system was designed using MATLAB for signal processing, KEP-Ware V4 OLE for process control (OPC), a wireless local area network router, an Omron Sysmac CPM1 PLC and a 5 V/0.3A motor. This paper explains the signal processing techniques, the PLC's hardware configuration, OPC configuration and real-time data exchange between MATLAB and PLC using the MATLAB OPC toolbox. The test results indicate that the function of exchanging real-time data can be attained between the BMI and PLC through OPC server and proves that it is an effective and feasible method to be applied to devices such as wheelchairs or electronic equipment.

  4. Food references in UK children's magazines - an oral health perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapman, K J; Fairchild, R M; Morgan, M Z

    2014-11-01

    Children's magazines are popular in the United Kingdom, but their content is poorly regulated. Consequently, food and beverages high in fat, salt and sugar (HFSS), detrimental to oral and wider health, make unrestricted appearances. The study aim was to assess the amount of HFSS food and drink children are exposed to while reading magazines; with particular focus on foods containing free sugars due to their known cariogenic properties, and foods with low pH due to their erosive potential. Eleven of the most popular UK children's magazines were selected and purchased at four separate time points in 2012. These 44 magazines were examined using content analysis; any references to food/beverages (in advertisements, free gifts, editorial and general content) were recorded. Of the 508 food references observed, 73.6% (374/508) were for foods detrimental to oral health owing to their high sugar and/or acid content. 5.9% (30/508) were considered 'unhealthy' due to their fat or salt content. 20.5% of references were for 'healthy' foods (104/508). The most common food categories referenced were baked goods (181/508) and sweets (86/508). Over a third (36.4%, 16/44) of magazines came with free sweets. In terms of positioning, the food/drink references were predominantly found in the general content of the magazines, including the editorial spreads. Direct advertisements for food/drink only accounted for 9.6% (36/374) of the total number of references counted. Food references within children's magazines are biased towards unhealthy foods especially those detrimental to oral health; these permeate throughout the general and editorial content and are not restricted to direct advertisements. Magazine editors, journalists and illustrators are responsible for the editorial and general content of magazines. Without regulation, subliminal placement of advertisements within editorial and general content leads to 'advertorials' which are known to confuse children and parents alike. This

  5. Layout Design of Human-Machine Interaction Interface of Cabin Based on Cognitive Ergonomics and GA-ACA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Li; Wang, Guohua; Yu, Suihuai

    2016-01-01

    In order to consider the psychological cognitive characteristics affecting operating comfort and realize the automatic layout design, cognitive ergonomics and GA-ACA (genetic algorithm and ant colony algorithm) were introduced into the layout design of human-machine interaction interface. First, from the perspective of cognitive psychology, according to the information processing process, the cognitive model of human-machine interaction interface was established. Then, the human cognitive characteristics were analyzed, and the layout principles of human-machine interaction interface were summarized as the constraints in layout design. Again, the expression form of fitness function, pheromone, and heuristic information for the layout optimization of cabin was studied. The layout design model of human-machine interaction interface was established based on GA-ACA. At last, a layout design system was developed based on this model. For validation, the human-machine interaction interface layout design of drilling rig control room was taken as an example, and the optimization result showed the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method.

  6. Layout Design of Human-Machine Interaction Interface of Cabin Based on Cognitive Ergonomics and GA-ACA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Deng

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In order to consider the psychological cognitive characteristics affecting operating comfort and realize the automatic layout design, cognitive ergonomics and GA-ACA (genetic algorithm and ant colony algorithm were introduced into the layout design of human-machine interaction interface. First, from the perspective of cognitive psychology, according to the information processing process, the cognitive model of human-machine interaction interface was established. Then, the human cognitive characteristics were analyzed, and the layout principles of human-machine interaction interface were summarized as the constraints in layout design. Again, the expression form of fitness function, pheromone, and heuristic information for the layout optimization of cabin was studied. The layout design model of human-machine interaction interface was established based on GA-ACA. At last, a layout design system was developed based on this model. For validation, the human-machine interaction interface layout design of drilling rig control room was taken as an example, and the optimization result showed the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method.

  7. Layout Design of Human-Machine Interaction Interface of Cabin Based on Cognitive Ergonomics and GA-ACA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deng, Li; Wang, Guohua; Yu, Suihuai

    2016-01-01

    In order to consider the psychological cognitive characteristics affecting operating comfort and realize the automatic layout design, cognitive ergonomics and GA-ACA (genetic algorithm and ant colony algorithm) were introduced into the layout design of human-machine interaction interface. First, from the perspective of cognitive psychology, according to the information processing process, the cognitive model of human-machine interaction interface was established. Then, the human cognitive characteristics were analyzed, and the layout principles of human-machine interaction interface were summarized as the constraints in layout design. Again, the expression form of fitness function, pheromone, and heuristic information for the layout optimization of cabin was studied. The layout design model of human-machine interaction interface was established based on GA-ACA. At last, a layout design system was developed based on this model. For validation, the human-machine interaction interface layout design of drilling rig control room was taken as an example, and the optimization result showed the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method. PMID:26884745

  8. DESIGNING OF COMPUTER AIDED AND USER INTERACTIVE CNC PART PROGRAMME FOR A MILLING MACHINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Ali DÖNERTAŞ

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a user–interactive computer programme generating CNC part programme according to dialog method has been developed. The design of programme has been prepared like a CAM programme structure. The part programme was established by required parameters asking to the user with a specific order. Subsequently, this parameters are used to create M and G codes, and these codes are showed at a different page on the screen. In addition, these code pages can be stored with "txt" format. This program includes basic processes and the programme design has been prepared for milling machine working according to Fanuc system. The computer programme was written by using Delphi 6 programming language.

  9. Design and verification of a novel hollow vibrating module for laser machining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhaozhao; Jang, Seungbong; Kim, EunHee; Jeon, Yongho; Lee, Soo-Hun; Lee, Moon G

    2015-04-01

    If a vibration module is added on laser machining system, the quality of surface finish and aspect ratio on metals can be significantly enhanced. In this study, a single mobility model of vibrating laser along the path of laser beam was put forward. In order to realize the desired unidirectional motion, a resonance type vibration module with optical lens was designed and manufactured. This cylindrical module was composed of curved-beam flexure elements. The cylindrical coordinate system was established to describe the relationship of a curved-beam flexure element's motion and deformation. In addition, the stiffness matrix of the curved-beam element was obtained. Finite element method and dynamical modeling were provided to analyze the resonance frequency and the displacement of the motion. The feasibility of the design was demonstrated with the help of experiments on frequency response. Experimental results show good agreement with theoretical analysis and simulation predictions.

  10. Statistical and Machine-Learning Classifier Framework to Improve Pulse Shape Discrimination System Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wurtz, R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Kaplan, A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2015-10-28

    Pulse shape discrimination (PSD) is a variety of statistical classifier. Fully-­realized statistical classifiers rely on a comprehensive set of tools for designing, building, and implementing. PSD advances rely on improvements to the implemented algorithm. PSD advances can be improved by using conventional statistical classifier or machine learning methods. This paper provides the reader with a glossary of classifier-­building elements and their functions in a fully-­designed and operational classifier framework that can be used to discover opportunities for improving PSD classifier projects. This paper recommends reporting the PSD classifier’s receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and its behavior at a gamma rejection rate (GRR) relevant for realistic applications.

  11. Computer aided design of free-machinability prehardened mold steel for plastic

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Yan-lin; LI Lin; GAO Wen; WANG Qing-liang; WU Xiao-chun

    2005-01-01

    In order to improve the machinability but not to impair other properties of the prehardened mold steel for plastic, the composition was designed by application of Thermo-Calc software package to regulate the type of nonmetallic inclusion formed in the steel. The regulated non-metallic inclusion type was also observed by SEM and EDX. Then the maehinability assessment of the steel with designed composition under different conditions was studied by the measurement of tool wear amount and cutting force. The results show that the composition of free cutting elements adding to mold steel for plastic can be optimized to obtain proper type of non-metallic inclusion in the aid of Thermo-Calc, compared with the large volume fraction of soft inclusion which is needed for promoting ductile fracture at low cutting speeds, the proper type of inclusion at high cutting speeds is glassy oxide inclusion. All those can be obtained in the present work.

  12. Applying CBR to machine tool product configuration design oriented to customer requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Pengjia; Gong, Yadong; Xie, Hualong; Liu, Yongxian; Nee, Andrew Yehching

    2017-01-01

    Product customization is a trend in the current market-oriented manufacturing environment. However, deduction from customer requirements to design results and evaluation of design alternatives are still heavily reliant on the designer's experience and knowledge. To solve the problem of fuzziness and uncertainty of customer requirements in product configuration, an analysis method based on the grey rough model is presented. The customer requirements can be converted into technical characteristics effectively. In addition, an optimization decision model for product planning is established to help the enterprises select the key technical characteristics under the constraints of cost and time to serve the customer to maximal satisfaction. A new case retrieval approach that combines the self-organizing map and fuzzy similarity priority ratio method is proposed in case-based design. The self-organizing map can reduce the retrieval range and increase the retrieval efficiency, and the fuzzy similarity priority ratio method can evaluate the similarity of cases comprehensively. To ensure that the final case has the best overall performance, an evaluation method of similar cases based on grey correlation analysis is proposed to evaluate similar cases to select the most suitable case. Furthermore, a computer-aided system is developed using MATLAB GUI to assist the product configuration design. The actual example and result on an ETC series machine tool product show that the proposed method is effective, rapid and accurate in the process of product configuration. The proposed methodology provides a detailed instruction for the product configuration design oriented to customer requirements.

  13. Applying CBR to machine tool product configuration design oriented to customer requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Pengjia; Gong, Yadong; Xie, Hualong; Liu, Yongxian; Nee, Andrew Yehching

    2016-03-01

    Product customization is a trend in the current market-oriented manufacturing environment. However, deduction from customer requirements to design results and evaluation of design alternatives are still heavily reliant on the designer's experience and knowledge. To solve the problem of fuzziness and uncertainty of customer requirements in product configuration, an analysis method based on the grey rough model is presented. The customer requirements can be converted into technical characteristics effectively. In addition, an optimization decision model for product planning is established to help the enterprises select the key technical characteristics under the constraints of cost and time to serve the customer to maximal satisfaction. A new case retrieval approach that combines the self-organizing map and fuzzy similarity priority ratio method is proposed in case-based design. The self-organizing map can reduce the retrieval range and increase the retrieval efficiency, and the fuzzy similarity priority ratio method can evaluate the similarity of cases comprehensively. To ensure that the final case has the best overall performance, an evaluation method of similar cases based on grey correlation analysis is proposed to evaluate similar cases to select the most suitable case. Furthermore, a computer-aided system is developed using MATLAB GUI to assist the product configuration design. The actual example and result on an ETC series machine tool product show that the proposed method is effective, rapid and accurate in the process of product configuration. The proposed methodology provides a detailed instruction for the product configuration design oriented to customer requirements.

  14. Man-machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) Task Loading Model (TLM) experimental and software detailed design report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staveland, Lowell

    1994-01-01

    This is the experimental and software detailed design report for the prototype task loading model (TLM) developed as part of the man-machine integration design and analysis system (MIDAS), as implemented and tested in phase 6 of the Army-NASA Aircrew/Aircraft Integration (A3I) Program. The A3I program is an exploratory development effort to advance the capabilities and use of computational representations of human performance and behavior in the design, synthesis, and analysis of manned systems. The MIDAS TLM computationally models the demands designs impose on operators to aide engineers in the conceptual design of aircraft crewstations. This report describes TLM and the results of a series of experiments which were run this phase to test its capabilities as a predictive task demand modeling tool. Specifically, it includes discussions of: the inputs and outputs of TLM, the theories underlying it, the results of the test experiments, the use of the TLM as both stand alone tool and part of a complete human operator simulation, and a brief introduction to the TLM software design.

  15. Design, Development and Control of a Hopping Machine – an Exercise in Biomechatronics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuldip Naik

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Hopping is a complicated dynamic behaviour in the animal kingdom. Development of a hopping machine that can mimic the biomechanics of jumping in Homo sapiens is envisioned. In this context, the design, development and control of a cost-effective, pneumatically actuated, one-legged hopping machine were initiated at the University ofRegina in 2005. The pneumatic actuator has a simple design that employs an off-the-shelf on/off control valve which regulates the air pressure supplied to the hopper's body using a pulse width modulated (PWM signal. The objective is to maintain a constant jumping height in the hopper after going through a finite number of hopping cycles. The mechanistic model of the system was investigated in full detail. This model facilitates: (1 the design of the actuating system, and (2 the synthesis and verification of different control strategies in a simulation environment prior to implementation in the real world. The movement of the hopper is supported by a vertical slide; therefore, the hopper can only jump in place. However, the proposed control strategy and the propulsion unit can be further utilised for stable hopping in a 3-D environment. A model-free Neuro-PD controller was then designed, trained and implemented on a real system. Simulation and experimentation showed promising results. This system can be used as an educational tool for teaching real-time control of hybrid and non-linear systems. It can be also used as a biomechatronics test bed to simulate the effect of different timings in firing action potentials in jump-causing leg muscles on achieving a desired jumping height in the animal kingdom.

  16. U. S. Government Advertising in Consumer Magazines, 1960-1973.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, Thomas A.; Mullen, James J.

    This paper reports on a study designed to analyze the impact that advertising by the federal government might have on the nation.s media, specifically the nation's magazines. The U.S. government was the tenth leading national advertiser in the United States in 1973 and spent an estimated $99 million, $80 million of which represented military…

  17. Machine learning assisted design of highly active peptides for drug discovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giguère, Sébastien; Laviolette, François; Marchand, Mario; Tremblay, Denise; Moineau, Sylvain; Liang, Xinxia; Biron, Éric; Corbeil, Jacques

    2015-04-01

    The discovery of peptides possessing high biological activity is very challenging due to the enormous diversity for which only a minority have the desired properties. To lower cost and reduce the time to obtain promising peptides, machine learning approaches can greatly assist in the process and even partly replace expensive laboratory experiments by learning a predictor with existing data or with a smaller amount of data generation. Unfortunately, once the model is learned, selecting peptides having the greatest predicted bioactivity often requires a prohibitive amount of computational time. For this combinatorial problem, heuristics and stochastic optimization methods are not guaranteed to find adequate solutions. We focused on recent advances in kernel methods and machine learning to learn a predictive model with proven success. For this type of model, we propose an efficient algorithm based on graph theory, that is guaranteed to find the peptides for which the model predicts maximal bioactivity. We also present a second algorithm capable of sorting the peptides of maximal bioactivity. Extensive analyses demonstrate how these algorithms can be part of an iterative combinatorial chemistry procedure to speed up the discovery and the validation of peptide leads. Moreover, the proposed approach does not require the use of known ligands for the target protein since it can leverage recent multi-target machine learning predictors where ligands for similar targets can serve as initial training data. Finally, we validated the proposed approach in vitro with the discovery of new cationic antimicrobial peptides. Source code freely available at http://graal.ift.ulaval.ca/peptide-design/.

  18. Axiomatic Design and Fabrication of Composite Structures - Applications in Robots, Machine Tools, and Automobiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Dai Gil; Suh, Nam Pyo

    2005-11-01

    The idea that materials can be designed to satisfy specific performance requirements is relatively new. With high-performance composites, however, the entire process of designing and fabricating a part can be worked out before manufacturing. The purpose of this book is to present an integrated approach to the design and manufacturing of products from advanced composites. It shows how the basic behavior of composites and their constitutive relationships can be used during the design stage, which minimizes the complexity of manufacturing composite parts and reduces the repetitive "design-build-test" cycle. Designing it right the first time is going to determine the competitiveness of a company, the reliability of the part, the robustness of fabrication processes, and ultimately, the cost and development time of composite parts. Most of all, it should expand the use of advanced composite parts in fields that use composites only to a limited extent at this time. To achieve these goals, this book presents the design and fabrication of novel composite parts made for machine tools and other applications like robots and automobiles. This book is suitable as a textbook for graduate courses in the design and fabrication of composites. It will also be of interest to practicing engineers learning about composites and axiomatic design. A CD-ROM is included in every copy of the book, containing Axiomatic CLPT software. This program, developed by the authors, will assist readers in calculating material properties from the microstructure of the composite. This book is part of the Oxford Series on Advanced Manufacturing.

  19. Re-Design and Beat Testing of the Man-Machine Integration Design and Analysis System: MIDAS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shively, R. Jay; Rutkowski, Michael (Technical Monitor)

    1999-01-01

    The Man-machine Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) is a human factors design and analysis system that combines human cognitive models with 3D CAD models and rapid prototyping and simulation techniques. MIDAS allows designers to ask 'what if' types of questions early in concept exploration and development prior to actual hardware development. The system outputs predictions of operator workload, situational awareness and system performance as well as graphical visualization of the cockpit designs interacting with models of the human in a mission scenario. Recently, MIDAS was re-designed to enhance functionality and usability. The goals driving the redesign include more efficient processing, GUI interface, advances in the memory structures, implementation of external vision models and audition. These changes were detailed in an earlier paper. Two Beta test sites with diverse applications have been chosen. One Beta test site is investigating the development of a new airframe and its interaction with the air traffic management system. The second Beta test effort will investigate 3D auditory cueing in conjunction with traditional visual cueing strategies including panel-mounted and heads-up displays. The progress and lessons learned on each of these projects will be discussed.

  20. Using machine learning to identify structural breaks in single-group interrupted time series designs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linden, Ariel; Yarnold, Paul R

    2016-12-01

    Single-group interrupted time series analysis (ITSA) is a popular evaluation methodology in which a single unit of observation is being studied, the outcome variable is serially ordered as a time series and the intervention is expected to 'interrupt' the level and/or trend of the time series, subsequent to its introduction. Given that the internal validity of the design rests on the premise that the interruption in the time series is associated with the introduction of the treatment, treatment effects may seem less plausible if a parallel trend already exists in the time series prior to the actual intervention. Thus, sensitivity analyses should focus on detecting structural breaks in the time series before the intervention. In this paper, we introduce a machine-learning algorithm called optimal discriminant analysis (ODA) as an approach to determine if structural breaks can be identified in years prior to the initiation of the intervention, using data from California's 1988 voter-initiated Proposition 99 to reduce smoking rates. The ODA analysis indicates that numerous structural breaks occurred prior to the actual initiation of Proposition 99 in 1989, including perfect structural breaks in 1983 and 1985, thereby casting doubt on the validity of treatment effects estimated for the actual intervention when using a single-group ITSA design. Given the widespread use of ITSA for evaluating observational data and the increasing use of machine-learning techniques in traditional research, we recommend that structural break sensitivity analysis is routinely incorporated in all research using the single-group ITSA design. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  1. Actuator design for vibration assisted machining of high performance materials with ultrasonically modulated cutting speed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinck, Philipp M.; Sitzberger, Sebastian; Zaeh, Michael F.

    2017-06-01

    In vibration assisted machining, an additional high-frequency oscillation is superimposed on the kinematics of the conventional machining process. This generates oscillations on the cutting edge in the range of a few micrometers, thereby causing a high-frequency change in the cutting speed or the feed. Consequently, a reduction of cutting forces, an increase of the tool life as well as an improvement of the workpiece quality can be achieved. In milling and grinding it has been shown that these effects are already partially present in the case of a vibration excitation in axial direction relative to the workpiece, which is perpendicular to the cutting direction. Further improvements of the process results can be achieved by superimposing a vibration in cutting direction and thus modifying the cutting speed at high frequency. The presented work shows the design of an ultrasonic actuator that enables vibration-assisted milling and grinding with ultrasonically modulated cutting speed. The actuator system superimposes a longitudinal torsional ultrasonic oscillation to the milling or grinding tool. It uses a bolt clamped Langevin transducer and a helically slotted horn, which degenerates the longitudinal vibration into a combined longitudinal torsional (L-T) vibration at the output surface. A finite element analysis is used to determine the vibration resonance frequency and mode shapes to maximize the torsional output. Afterwards, the simulation has been experimentally validated.

  2. Anhembi magazine and nuclear energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duran, Gustavo Barrientos [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Escola de Comunicacoes e Artes. Dept. de Jornalismo e Editoracao], e-mail: ggustavo@usp.br; Gordon, Ana Maria P.L. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)], e-mail: amgordon@ipen.br

    2009-07-01

    From 1952 to 1962, a scientific and cultural periodic, named 'Revista Anhembi, was sold monthly. The magazine target was Brazilian and foreign schools and universities, his students and whoever was interested on culture, science, politics or signed articles. This publication purpose was to be the divulgation vehicle of new cultural and scientific ideas, most of them produced by Brazilian researchers, intellectuals and artists. Together with the cultural production of authors like Carlos Drummond de Andrade, the magazine also covered the major happenings from Brazil and the world. The editorials were signed by the magazine director - Paulo Duarte - one of the intellectuals with participation in the University of Sao Paulo foundation. Other researchers, already well-known at that time, such as Jose Reis, Florestan Fernandes and others, published in Anhembi, regularly. Their articles presented always a favorable content to democracy and the country development. What was out-of-date and its 'agents', the dictatorships, the corruption were open enemies of the magazine, which criticized governments, like for example, General Salazar's, in Portugal. The criticisms, sometimes contrary to the status quo, finally justified the circulation prohibition in some countries, like in Portugal, and also a diminishing of the advertising sponsorship Not only because of these problems, the increase in the paper cost made, in the long run, the publication of Anhembi impossible to continue. Meanwhile, the national nuclear policy and its defenders, like Alvaro Alberto da Motta e Silva, besides some other researchers, was not one of the routine issues covered by the magazine. Despite the magazine reported, in every new edition, a series of occurrences and claims - new universities and research centers foundation in the country, the struggle for funds, the national commissions asking for the full-time dedication regime for research, the nuclear issue focused, mainly

  3. Life cycle thinking in the design for environment aware work machines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tonteri, H.; Vatanen, S.; Lahtinen, R.; Kuuva, M. [VTT Industrial Systems, Espoo (Finland)

    2003-07-01

    The report was prepared in the Design for Environment of Work Machines project. The following companies formed the project management group: Valtra Inc., Timberjack Oy, Ponsse Oyj, Rautaruukki Oyj, Sandvik Tamrock Corp., Kalmar Industries Oy Ab, Oy M-Filter Ab, Junkkari Muovi Oy and Kuusakoski Oy. The main objectives of Design for Environment (DFE) are to reduce negative environmental impacts during a product's life cycle, to save natural resources and to cut the amount of non-recyclable non-reusable waste. Achieving these targets calls for a variety of development actions which complement each other and cover the entire life cycle of a product. This report includes DFE solutions presented in literature and implemented by the companies taking part in the project. The project developed the idea of assessing different the recyclability of different materials during product design. More advanced knowledge of recyclability was achieved during the development of recyclability instructions by examining the most common materials found in work machines instead of different material groups. Existing information about the recyclability of materials was defined e.g. with the companies using scrap as raw material. Information about the mechanical properties of materials was included in the instructions in a bid to improve usability levels. The findings show that environmental declarations are little used and differ from each other. Environmental declarations are based on life cycle assessment and additional environmental information, which includes e.g. the amount of recycled material found in a product and information about poisonous substances such as pesticides found in textiles. Lately, also work machine manufacturers have published environmental declarations. Improving the usability of environmental information requires establishing comprehensive principles both for the production and presentation of such information. A more uniform way of presenting environmental

  4. Design and static performance of high speed machining centre with "direct drive"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shuhong XIAO; Yulian CHEN; Guangyuan ZHENG

    2009-01-01

    "Direct drive" is an ideal method for speeding machine tools. In the structure of a CNC machining centre with "direct drive", the linear motor's primary and secondary parts are assembled into the worktable and machine bed respectively to directly drive the worktable. The built-in rotary motor is assembled in the spindle to realize the main transmission system of the machine tool "direct drive". All mechanical transmission elements in machine tools are eliminated. High speed, efficiency, and accuracy are easily obtained. However, in this type of "direct drive" machining centre, the magnetic attraction force between the primary and the secondary linear motors and the dynamic impact at acceleration and deceleration are directly imposed on the machine tool, and influence the performance of the machining centre. This paper analyzes the special demands of "direct drive" on the machine centre, and introduces a new structure of the machining tool. The worktable and machine bed are optimized to meet the special demands of "direct drive". Static performance simulation on the machining centre is done to reveal an ideal result.

  5. A discrete event simulation design for block-based maintenance planning under random machine usage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jonge, Bram

    2015-01-01

    Existing research on block-based preventive maintenance planning generally assumes that machines are either used continuously, or that times until failure do not depend on the actual usage of machines. In practice, however, it is often more realistic to assume that machines are not used continuously

  6. Machine Vision System Design Method%机器视觉系统的设计方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王运哲; 白雁兵; 张博

    2011-01-01

    文章主要介绍了机器视觉系统的概念和发展历程,介绍了机器视觉的组成和基本原理,从工业摄像机、镜头、光源、图像采集卡几方面详细阐述了机器视觉系统的设计要点、分类、选型。%The article introduces the conception and the developmental process of machine vision system, the component and fundamental theory of machine vision, expatiates on main points of designing machine vision system, classifying, choosing type, enumerates the most of manufacturers in the field of machine vision system in china.

  7. Simplified Design and Optimization of Slotless Synchronous PM Machine for Micro-Satellite Electro-Mechanical Batteries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ABDI, B.

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Electro-mechanical batteries have important advantages as compared with chemical batteries, especially in low earth orbit satellites applications. High speed slotless external rotor permanent magnet machines are used in these systems as Motor/Generator. Proper material and structure for space applications are introduced. A simplified analytic design method is given for this type of machines. Finally, the optimization of machine in order to have maximum efficiency and minimum volume and weight are given in this paper. Particle swarm optimization is used as the optimization algorithm and the finite element-based simulations are used to confirm the design and optimization process and show less than 1.2% error in parametric design.

  8. An Interval Analysis Based Study for the Design and the Comparison of 3-DOF Parallel Kinematic Machines

    CERN Document Server

    Chablat, Damien; Majou, Félix; Merlet, Jean-Pierre

    2004-01-01

    This paper addresses an interval analysis based study that is applied to the design and the comparison of 3-DOF parallel kinematic machines. Two design criteria are used, (i) a regular workspace shape and, (ii) a kinetostatic performance index that needs to be as homogeneous as possible throughout the workspace. The interval analysis based method takes these two criteria into account: on the basis of prescribed kinetostatic performances, the workspace is analysed to find out the largest regular dextrous workspace enclosed in the Cartesian workspace. An algorithm describing this method is introduced. Two 3-DOF translational parallel mechanisms designed for machining applications are compared using this method. The first machine features three fixed linear joints which are mounted orthogonally and the second one features three linear joints which are mounted in parallel. In both cases, the mobile platform moves in the Cartesian x-y-z space with fixed orientation.

  9. What do women want? - a study of a local newspaper supplement in the form of a lifestyle magazine

    OpenAIRE

    Heurling, Åsa; Lesse, Lovisa

    2011-01-01

    Folkbladet is a daily newspaper in Norrköping with a strong local touch whose subscribers are mostly men interested in sports. In an attempt to broaden its readership, since 2009 Folkbladet publishes a magazine called Trend which targets women aged 20-50 years. This magazine in the form of a lifestyle magazine for women with a local touch is about fashion, beauty, interior design and travel. This free magazine is published four times a year and is distributed to every household in Norrköping ...

  10. Bio-signal analysis system design with support vector machines based on cloud computing service architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Chia-Ping; Chen, Wei-Hsin; Chen, Jia-Ming; Hsu, Kai-Ping; Lin, Jeng-Wei; Chiu, Ming-Jang; Chen, Chi-Huang; Lai, Feipei

    2010-01-01

    Today, many bio-signals such as Electroencephalography (EEG) are recorded in digital format. It is an emerging research area of analyzing these digital bio-signals to extract useful health information in biomedical engineering. In this paper, a bio-signal analyzing cloud computing architecture, called BACCA, is proposed. The system has been designed with the purpose of seamless integration into the National Taiwan University Health Information System. Based on the concept of. NET Service Oriented Architecture, the system integrates heterogeneous platforms, protocols, as well as applications. In this system, we add modern analytic functions such as approximated entropy and adaptive support vector machine (SVM). It is shown that the overall accuracy of EEG bio-signal analysis has increased to nearly 98% for different data sets, including open-source and clinical data sets.

  11. Design and realization of sort manipulator of crystal-angle sort machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ming-shun; Chen, Shu-ping; Guan, Shou-ping; Zhang, Yao-wei

    2005-12-01

    It is a current tendency of development in automation technology to replace manpower with manipulators in working places where dangerous, harmful, heavy or repetitive work is involved. The sort manipulator is installed in a crystal-angle sort machine to take the place of manpower, and engaged in unloading and sorting work. It is the outcome of combing together mechanism, electric transmission, and pneumatic element and micro-controller control. The step motor makes the sort manipulator operate precisely. The pneumatic elements make the sort manipulator be cleverer. Micro-controller's software bestows some simple artificial intelligence on the sort manipulator, so that it can precisely repeat its unloading and sorting work. The combination of manipulator's zero position and step motor counting control puts an end to accumulating error in long time operation. A sort manipulator's design in the practice engineering has been proved to be correct and reliable.

  12. Application of Image Servo Alignment Module Design to Automatic Laminating Machine for Touch Panel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chung-Ming Yang

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available For general add-on touch panels, a touch-sensitive layer is attached to the outside of LCD panel. As the touch panel has a sensitive layer, it must be aligned with the display panel very well, the laminating precision is also required. The integration of this kind of equipment is complex, and the research and development of the equipments covers many topics of system integration. It is difficult to customize the products for different sizes or functions. This research used key technologies, including different space alignment design and unmarked alignment method, to create an easily operated image servo alignment system. Stable and rapid alignment results were obtained by parametric optimization. Finally, this module was applied to the industrial automatic laminating machine in practice for alignment and lamination.

  13. Using multi-objective optimization to design parameters in electro-discharge machining by wire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto OCHOA

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The following paper describes the main objective to follow the methodology used and proposed to obtain the optimal values of WEDM process operation on the machine Robofil 310 by robust parameter design (RPD of Dr. G. Taguichi [TAGUCHI, G. 1993], through controllable factors which result in more inferences regarding the problem to noise signal (S / N, which for this study is the variability of the hardness of samples from 6061, also studied the behaviour of the output parameters as the material removal rate (MRR and surface roughness (Ra, subsequently took the RPD orthogonal array and characterized the individuals in the population, each optimal value is a gene and each possible solution is a chromosome, used multi-objective optimization using Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm to cross and mutate this population to generate better results MRR and Ra.

  14. Advanced design technique of human-machine interfaces for PLC control of complex systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Árpád-István Sütő

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Touchscreen operator panels proved to be a convenient succesor for clasical operator panels for implementing human-machine interfaces (HMIs in programmable logic controllers (PLC systems. The paper introduces a new technique for HMIs design in such systems, based on the idea of touchscreens replication. This redundancy allow actions which are not possible within the menus and sub-menus of a single touchscreen. Its strenght is revealed especially in complex systems, where operators can easily be overwhelmed by the huge amount of process information. The technique was applied on a mill tube rolling installation. The results also proved an increase of system security and zero downtime for HMI maintenance activities.

  15. Modular Approach to Designing Computer Cultural Systems: Culture as a Thermodynamic Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leland Gilsen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Culture is a complex non-linear system. In order to design computer simulations of cultural systems, it is necessary to break the system down into sub-systems. Human culture is modular. It consists of sets of people that belong to economic units. Access to, and control over matter, energy and information is postulated as the key to development of cultural simulations. Because resources in the real world are patchy, access to and control over resources is expressed in two related arenas: economics (direct control and politics (non-direct control. The best way to create models for cultural ecology/economics lies in an energy-information-economic paradigm based on general systems theory and an understanding of the "thermodynamics" of ecology, or culture as a thermodynamic machine.

  16. Analysis and Design of PLC-based Control System for Automatic Beverage Filling Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yundan Lu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Automatic filling system is the main equipment in the food machinery industry. With the development of beverage industry and increasing demand of the filling system. The relay control method in traditional Filling machine has low automation and integration level and cannot satisfy the rapid development of automatic production. PLC control method has advantages of simple programming, strong anti-interference and high working reliability, has gradually replace the relay control method. In this study, hardware and software for the automatic filling system based on PLC control is designed, especially the injection section servo control system which adopts the servo motor driver metering pump is carefully analyzed and the filling precision is highly improved.

  17. Determination of Some Mechanical Properties of Almond Seed Related to Design of Food Processing Machines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. O. Sunmonu

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, some selected mechanical properties of red and white varieties of Almond seeds grown in Nigeria were determined using Testometric M500 – 100AT machine. The fracture force, compressive strength, deformation at yield for red varieties were 2679.40 ± 580.29 N, 408.70 ± 41.90 N/mm2 and 7.03 ± 0.65 mm respectively. The values obtained for the white varieties were 2843.90 ± 330.22 N, 396.20 ± 49.40 N/mm2, and 7.27 ± 0.46 mm. The determined engineering properties are vital for the design of postharvest handling and processing systems for Almond seeds as statistical test showed that there are significant differences (at 5% level between the engineering properties of the two seeds studied.

  18. Toward best practice in Human Machine Interface design for older drivers: A review of current design guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, K L; Koppel, S; Charlton, J L

    2017-09-01

    Older adults are the fastest growing segment of the driving population. While there is a strong emphasis for older people to maintain their mobility, the safety of older drivers is a serious community concern. Frailty and declines in a range of age-related sensory, cognitive, and physical impairments can place older drivers at an increased risk of crash-related injuries and death. A number of studies have indicated that in-vehicle technologies such as Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) and In-Vehicle Information Systems (IVIS) may provide assistance to older drivers. However, these technologies will only benefit older drivers if their design is congruent with the complex needs and diverse abilities of this driving cohort. The design of ADAS and IVIS is largely informed by automotive Human Machine Interface (HMI) guidelines. However, it is unclear to what extent the declining sensory, cognitive and physical capabilities of older drivers are addressed in the current guidelines. This paper provides a review of key current design guidelines for IVIS and ADAS with respect to the extent they address age-related changes in functional capacities. The review revealed that most of the HMI guidelines do not address design issues related to older driver impairments. In fact, in many guidelines driver age and sensory cognitive and physical impairments are not mentioned at all and where reference is made, it is typically very broad. Prescriptive advice on how to actually design a system so that it addresses the needs and limitations of older drivers is not provided. In order for older drivers to reap the full benefits that in-vehicle technology can afford, it is critical that further work establish how older driver limitations and capabilities can be supported by the system design process, including their inclusion into HMI design guidelines. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. High-intensity fibre laser design for micro-machining applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz-Neria, D. I.; Martinez-Piñón, F.; Hernandez-Escamilla, H.; Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

    2010-11-01

    This work is focused on the design of a 250W high-intensity continuous-wave fibre optic laser with a 15μm spot size beam and a beam parameter product (BPP) of 1.8 for its use on Laser-assisted Cold Spray process (LCS) in the micro-machining areas. The metal-powder deposition process LCS, is a novel method based on Cold Spray technique (CS) assisted by laser technology. The LCS accelerates metal powders by the use of a high-pressure gas in order to achieve flash welding of particles over substrate. In LCS, the critical velocity of impact is lower with respect with CS while the powder particle is heated before the deposition by a laser beam. Furthermore, LCS does not heat the powder to achieve high temperatures as it happens in plasma processes. This property puts aside cooling problems which normally happen in sintered processes with high oxygen/nitrogen concentration levels. LCS will be used not only in deposition of thin layers. After careful design, proof of concept, experimental data, and prototype development, it should be feasible to perform micro-machining precise work with the use of the highintensity fibre laser presented in this work, and selective deposition of particles, in a similar way to the well-known Direct Metal Laser Sintering process (DMLS). The fibre laser consists on a large-mode area, Yb3+-doped, semi-diffraction limited, 25-m fibre laser cavity, operating in continuous wave regime. The fibre shows an arguably high slope-efficiency with no signs of roll-over. The measured M2 value is 1.8 and doping concentration of 15000ppm. It was made with a slight modification of the traditional MCVD technique. A full optical characterization will be presented.

  20. Structural bionic design for high——speed machine tool working table based on distribution rules of leaf veins

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XING DengHai; CHEN WuYi; ZHAO Ling; MA JianFeng

    2012-01-01

    High-speed machine tool working table restrains the machining accuracy and machining efficiency,so lightweight design of the table is an important issue.In nature,leaf has developed a plate structure that maximizes the surface-to-volume ratio.It can be seen as a plate structure stiffened by veins.Compared with a high-speed machine tool working table,leaf veins play a role of supporting part which is similar to that of stiffening ribs,and they can provide some new design ideas for lightweight design of the table.In this paper,distribution rules of leaf veins were investigated,and a structural bionic design for the table was achieved based on regulation of leaf veins.First,statistical analysis on geometric structure of leaf veins was carried out,and four distribution rules were obtained.Then,relevant mechanical models were developed and analyzed in finite element soft-ware.Based on the results from mechanical analysis on those relevant models,the four distribution rules were translated into the design rules and a structural bionic design for the working table was achieved.Both simulation and experimental verifications were carried out,and results showed that the average displacement of the working table was reduced by about 33.9%.

  1. Design and analysis of full pitch winding and concentrated stator pole winding three-phase flux reversal machine for low speed application

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    D S More; Hari Kalluru; B G Fernandes

    2008-10-01

    The flux reversal machine (FRM) is a doubly-salient stator permanent magnet machine with flux linkage reversal in the stator concentrated winding. The existing machines at low speed, low power (2·4 kW, 300 rpm) range are not economical. FRM topology is best suited for this application. An attempt has been made to improve the power density of machine by introducing full pitch winding. Full pitch winding FRM (FPFRM) has higher power density than the conventional concentrated stator pole winding FRM (CSPFRM). Design and comparative analysis of FPFRM and CSPFRM are made. Both machines are designed for 88·58 Nm and 300 rpm. Design details of both machines are presented. Finite Element Method (FEM) analysis is carried out to evaluate and compare the performance of CSPFRM and FPFRM. Series capacitive compensation is provided for better voltage regulation of both machines.

  2. Designing Green Stormwater Infrastructure for Hydrologic and Human Benefits: An Image Based Machine Learning Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rai, A.; Minsker, B. S.

    2014-12-01

    Urbanization over the last century has degraded our natural water resources by increasing storm-water runoff, reducing nutrient retention, and creating poor ecosystem health downstream. The loss of tree canopy and expansion of impervious area and storm sewer systems have significantly decreased infiltration and evapotranspiration, increased stream-flow velocities, and increased flood risk. These problems have brought increasing attention to catchment-wide implementation of green infrastructure (e.g., decentralized green storm water management practices such as bioswales, rain gardens, permeable pavements, tree box filters, cisterns, urban wetlands, urban forests, stream buffers, and green roofs) to replace or supplement conventional storm water management practices and create more sustainable urban water systems. Current green infrastructure (GI) practice aims at mitigating the negative effects of urbanization by restoring pre-development hydrology and ultimately addressing water quality issues at an urban catchment scale. The benefits of green infrastructure extend well beyond local storm water management, as urban green spaces are also major contributors to human health. Considerable research in the psychological sciences have shown significant human health benefits from appropriately designed green spaces, yet impacts on human wellbeing have not yet been formally considered in GI design frameworks. This research is developing a novel computational green infrastructure (GI) design framework that integrates hydrologic requirements with criteria for human wellbeing. A supervised machine learning model is created to identify specific patterns in urban green spaces that promote human wellbeing; the model is linked to RHESSYS model to evaluate GI designs in terms of both hydrologic and human health benefits. An application of the models to Dead Run Watershed in Baltimore showed that image mining methods were able to capture key elements of human preferences that could

  3. Cathode design investigation based on iterative correction of predicted profile errors in electrochemical machining of compressor blades

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Dong; Liu Cheng; Xu Zhengyang; Liu Jia

    2016-01-01

    Electrochemical machining (ECM) is an effective and economical manufacturing method for machining hard-to-cut metal materials that are often used in the aerospace field. Cathode design is very complicated in ECM and is a core problem influencing machining accuracy, especially for complex profiles such as compressor blades in aero engines. A new cathode design method based on iterative correction of predicted profile errors in blade ECM is proposed in this paper. A math-ematical model is first built according to the ECM shaping law, and a simulation is then carried out using ANSYS software. A dynamic forming process is obtained and machining gap distributions at different stages are analyzed. Additionally, the simulation deviation between the prediction profile and model is improved by the new method through correcting the initial cathode profile. Further-more, validation experiments are conducted using cathodes designed before and after the simulation correction. Machining accuracy for the optimal cathode is improved markedly compared with that for the initial cathode. The experimental results illustrate the suitability of the new method and that it can also be applied to other complex engine components such as diffusers.

  4. Cathode design investigation based on iterative correction of predicted profile errors in electrochemical machining of compressor blades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhu Dong

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Electrochemical machining (ECM is an effective and economical manufacturing method for machining hard-to-cut metal materials that are often used in the aerospace field. Cathode design is very complicated in ECM and is a core problem influencing machining accuracy, especially for complex profiles such as compressor blades in aero engines. A new cathode design method based on iterative correction of predicted profile errors in blade ECM is proposed in this paper. A mathematical model is first built according to the ECM shaping law, and a simulation is then carried out using ANSYS software. A dynamic forming process is obtained and machining gap distributions at different stages are analyzed. Additionally, the simulation deviation between the prediction profile and model is improved by the new method through correcting the initial cathode profile. Furthermore, validation experiments are conducted using cathodes designed before and after the simulation correction. Machining accuracy for the optimal cathode is improved markedly compared with that for the initial cathode. The experimental results illustrate the suitability of the new method and that it can also be applied to other complex engine components such as diffusers.

  5. 27 CFR 555.209 - Construction of type 3 magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... magazines. 555.209 Section 555.209 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO... Construction of type 3 magazines. A type 3 magazine is a “day-box” or other portable magazine. It must be fire-resistant, weather-resistant, and theft-resistant. A type 3 magazine is to be constructed of not less...

  6. Multi-objective optimization design of a high-speed PM machine supported by magnetic bearings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Bangcheng; Xue, Qinghao; Liu, Xu; Wang, Kun

    2017-08-01

    This paper proposes an optimal design method of permanent magnet machine (PMM) with cylindrical permanent magnet supported by magnetic bearings. The objectives of optimization design are minimizing the rotor loss while maximizing the power density of the PMM as well as the 1st order nature frequency of the rotor, and the constraints are size, the strength safety factor and the phase current. A 30 kW, 48,000 r/min PMM designed by the multi-objective optimization method is proposed and the results indicate: the rotor loss is decreased from 393 W to 290 W (is reduced by 26.2%); the power density of the PMM is increased from 1.86 kW/kg to 2.19 kW/kg (is increased by 17.7%); the 1st order nature frequency of the rotor is increased from 1579 Hz to 1812 Hz (is increased by 14.7%). The performances of the PMM are improved after optimization, which are verified by experiment.

  7. Lightweight Design and Verification of Gantry Machining Center Crossbeam Based on Structural Bionics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling Zhao; Jianfeng Ma; Wuyi Chen; Hongliang Guo

    2011-01-01

    The lightweight and high efficiency of natural structures are the inexhaustible sources for engineering improvements. The goal of the study is to find innovative solutions for mechanical lightweight design through the application of structural bionic approaches. Giant waterlily leaf ribs and cactus stem are investigated for their optimal framework and superior performance.Their structural characteristics are extracted and used in the bio-inspired design of Lin MC6000 gantry machining center crossbeam. By mimicking analogous network structure, the bionic model is established, which has better load-carrying capacity than conventional distribution. Finite Element Method (FEM) is used for numerical simulation. Results show better specific stiffness of the bionic model, which is increased by 17.36%. Finally the scaled models are fabricated by precision casting for static and dynamic tests. The physical experiments are compared to numerical simulation. The results show that the maximum static deformation of the bionic model is reduced by about 16.22%, with 3.31% weight reduction. In addition, the first four natural frequencies are improved obviously. The structural bionic design is a valuable reference for updating conventional mechanical structures with better performance and less material consumption.

  8. Designing Closed-Loop Brain-Machine Interfaces Using Model Predictive Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gautam Kumar

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs are broadly defined as systems that establish direct communications between living brain tissue and external devices, such as artificial arms. By sensing and interpreting neuronal activities to actuate an external device, BMI-based neuroprostheses hold great promise in rehabilitating motor disabled subjects, such as amputees. In this paper, we develop a control-theoretic analysis of a BMI-based neuroprosthetic system for voluntary single joint reaching task in the absence of visual feedback. Using synthetic data obtained through the simulation of an experimentally validated psycho-physiological cortical circuit model, both the Wiener filter and the Kalman filter based linear decoders are developed. We analyze the performance of both decoders in the presence and in the absence of natural proprioceptive feedback information. By performing simulations, we show that the performance of both decoders degrades significantly in the absence of the natural proprioception. To recover the performance of these decoders, we propose two problems, namely tracking the desired position trajectory and tracking the firing rate trajectory of neurons which encode the proprioception, in the model predictive control framework to design optimal artificial sensory feedback. Our results indicate that while the position trajectory based design can only recover the position and velocity trajectories, the firing rate trajectory based design can recover the performance of the motor task along with the recovery of firing rates in other cortical regions. Finally, we extend our design by incorporating a network of spiking neurons and designing artificial sensory feedback in the form of a charged balanced biphasic stimulating current.

  9. Direct selective laser sintering of high performance metals: Machine design, process development and process control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Suman

    1998-11-01

    development of machine, processing and control technologies during this research effort enabled successful production of a number of integrally canned test specimens in Alloy 625 (InconelRTM 625 superalloy) and Ti-6Al-4V alloy. The overall goal of this research was to develop direct SLS of metals armed with a fundamental understanding of the underlying physics. The knowledge gained from experimental and analytical work is essential for three key objectives: machine design, process development and process control. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

  10. Software protocol design: Communication and control in a multi-task robot machine for ITER vacuum vessel assembly and maintenance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Ming, E-mail: ming.li@lut.fi [Laboratory of Intelligent Machines, Lappeenranta University of Technology (Finland); Wu, Huapeng; Handroos, Heikki [Laboratory of Intelligent Machines, Lappeenranta University of Technology (Finland); Yang, Guangyou [School of Mechanical Engineering, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan (China); Wang, Yongbo [Laboratory of Intelligent Machines, Lappeenranta University of Technology (Finland)

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • A high-level protocol is proposed for the data inter-transmission. • The protocol design is task-oriented for the robot control in the software system. • The protocol functions as a role of middleware in the software. • The protocol running stand-alone as an independent process in the software provides greater security. • Providing a reference design protocol for the multi-task robot machine in the industry. - Abstract: A specific communication and control protocol for software design of a multi-task robot machine is proposed. In order to fulfill the requirements on the complicated multi machining functions and the high performance motion control, the software design of robot is divided into two main parts accordingly, which consists of the user-oriented HMI part and robot control-oriented real-time control system. The two parts of software are deployed in the different hardware for the consideration of run-time performance, which forms a client–server-control architecture. Therefore a high-level task-oriented protocol is designed for the data inter-communication between the HMI part and the control system part, in which all the transmitting data related to a machining task is divided into three categories: trajectory-oriented data, task control-oriented data and status monitoring-oriented data. The protocol consists of three sub-protocols accordingly – a trajectory protocol, task control protocol and status protocol – which are deployed over the Ethernet and run as independent processes in both the client and server computers. The protocols are able to manage the vast amounts of data streaming due to the multi machining functions in a more efficient way. Since the protocol is functioning in the software as a role of middleware, and providing the data interface standards for the developing groups of two parts of software, it also permits greater focus of both software parts developers on their own requirements-oriented design. By

  11. Convergence Analysis of the Numerical Solution for Cathode Design of Aero-engine Blades in Electrochemical Machining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhiyong; Niu Zongwei

    2007-01-01

    As a main difficult problem encountered in electrochemical machining (ECM), the cathode design is tackled, at present, with various numerical analysis methods such as finite difference, finite element and boundary element methods. Among them, the finite element method presents more flexibility to deal with the irregularly shaped workpieces. However, it is very difficult to ensure the convergence of finite element numerical approach. This paper proposes an accurate model and a finite element numerical approach of cathode design based on the potential distribution in inter-electrode gap. In order to ensure the convergence of finite element numerical approach and increase the accuracy in cathode design, the cathode shape should be iterated to eliminate the design errors in computational process. Several experiments are conducted to verify the macbining accuracy of the designed cathode. The experimental results have proven perfect convergence and good computing accuracy of the proposed finite element numerical approach by the high surface quality and dimensional accuracy of the machined blades.

  12. Design synthesis and optimization of permanent magnet synchronous machines based on computationally-efficient finite element analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sizov, Gennadi Y.

    In this dissertation, a model-based multi-objective optimal design of permanent magnet ac machines, supplied by sine-wave current regulated drives, is developed and implemented. The design procedure uses an efficient electromagnetic finite element-based solver to accurately model nonlinear material properties and complex geometric shapes associated with magnetic circuit design. Application of an electromagnetic finite element-based solver allows for accurate computation of intricate performance parameters and characteristics. The first contribution of this dissertation is the development of a rapid computational method that allows accurate and efficient exploration of large multi-dimensional design spaces in search of optimum design(s). The computationally efficient finite element-based approach developed in this work provides a framework of tools that allow rapid analysis of synchronous electric machines operating under steady-state conditions. In the developed modeling approach, major steady-state performance parameters such as, winding flux linkages and voltages, average, cogging and ripple torques, stator core flux densities, core losses, efficiencies and saturated machine winding inductances, are calculated with minimum computational effort. In addition, the method includes means for rapid estimation of distributed stator forces and three-dimensional effects of stator and/or rotor skew on the performance of the machine. The second contribution of this dissertation is the development of the design synthesis and optimization method based on a differential evolution algorithm. The approach relies on the developed finite element-based modeling method for electromagnetic analysis and is able to tackle large-scale multi-objective design problems using modest computational resources. Overall, computational time savings of up to two orders of magnitude are achievable, when compared to current and prevalent state-of-the-art methods. These computational savings allow

  13. Vasile Goldis, Familia magazine contributor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Alexandra PANTEA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century around Oradea “Familia” magazine have worked important culture people, including Vasile Goldis. As a teacher he was concerned about the development of theatrical movement and he was supported by Iosif Vulcan. Vasile Goldis ˝ as secretary of the “Society for the creation of a Fund for the Romanian theater ˝ was the author of some issues printed in the “Familia” magazine where he has shown the importance of the Romanian theater and believed that,by developping theater can be achieved the developpement of the national culture.. Vasile Goldis considered theater one of the most important institutions of the Transylvanian Romanians which, along with the school and the church could sow in the hearts of Romanian the national sentiment.

  14. Design of a Modular E-Core Flux Concentrating Axial Flux Machine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Husain, Tausif; Sozer, Yilmaz; Husain, Iqbal; Muljadi, Eduard

    2015-09-02

    In this paper a novel E-Core axial flux machine is proposed. The machine has a double stator-single rotor configuration with flux concentrating ferrite magnets, and pole windings across each leg of an E-Core stator. E-Core stators with the proposed flux-concentrating rotor arrangement result in better magnet utilization and higher torque density. The machine also has a modular structure facilitating simpler construction. This paper presents a single phase and a three-phase version of the E-Core machine. Case study for a 1.1 kW, 400 rpm machine for both the single phase and three-phase axial flux machine is presented. The results are verified through 3D finite element analysis.

  15. Little Magazines etc. - en dossier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørum, Tania; Serup, Martin Glaz; Olsson, Jesper

    2007-01-01

    Jesper Olsson, Martin Glaz Serup og Tania Ørum redegør her for den sektion af tidsskriftet OEI (nr. 35:440-531), som de har redigeret i fællesskab, og som handler om de små tidsskrifter (little magazines), der op gennem det 20. århundrede har haft så stor betydning for modernismen og avantgarden....

  16. SETIS Magazine: BioEnergy

    OpenAIRE

    Baxter, David

    2014-01-01

    The SETIS magazine aims at delivering timely information and analysis on the state of play of energy technologies, related research and innovation efforts in support of the implementation of the European Strategic Energy Technology Plan. The editorial for the Bioenergy issue is provided by European Biomass Association President Gustav Melin. This issue also hosts interviews by: Juan Carrasco - European Energy Research Alliance (EERA) Bioenergy Joint Programme Coordinator Christia...

  17. Design of Experimentation, Artificial Neural Network Simulation and Optimization for Integrated Bamboo Processing Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. G. Mehar

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this research work experimentation on integrated bamboo processing machine for splitting and slicing of bamboo has been carried out. This paper presents the experimental investigation of some parameters of integrated bamboo processing machine. In this research paper simulation of experimental data using artificial neural network is carried out. An attempt of minimum-maximum principle has been made to optimize by range bound process for maximizing production rate of integrated bamboo processing machine.

  18. Electromagnetic Analysis and Design of Switched Reluctance Double-Rotor Machine for Hybrid Electric Vehicles

    OpenAIRE

    Shouliang Han; Shumei Cui; Liwei Song; Ching Chuen Chan

    2014-01-01

    The double-rotor machine is a kind of multiple input and output electromechanical energy transducer with two electrical ports and two mechanical ports, which is an ideal transmission system for hybrid electric vehicles and has a series of advantages such as integration of power and energy, high efficiency and compaction. In this paper, a switched reluctance double-rotor machine (SRDRM) is proposed for hybrid electric vehicles, while no conductor or PM in the middle rotor. This machine not onl...

  19. Improved Reliability-Based Optimization with Support Vector Machines and Its Application in Aircraft Wing Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Wang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A new reliability-based design optimization (RBDO method based on support vector machines (SVM and the Most Probable Point (MPP is proposed in this work. SVM is used to create a surrogate model of the limit-state function at the MPP with the gradient information in the reliability analysis. This guarantees that the surrogate model not only passes through the MPP but also is tangent to the limit-state function at the MPP. Then, importance sampling (IS is used to calculate the probability of failure based on the surrogate model. This treatment significantly improves the accuracy of reliability analysis. For RBDO, the Sequential Optimization and Reliability Assessment (SORA is employed as well, which decouples deterministic optimization from the reliability analysis. The improved SVM-based reliability analysis is used to amend the error from linear approximation for limit-state function in SORA. A mathematical example and a simplified aircraft wing design demonstrate that the improved SVM-based reliability analysis is more accurate than FORM and needs less training points than the Monte Carlo simulation and that the proposed optimization strategy is efficient.

  20. 老年人洗衣机设计%The Design of Washing Machine for the Elderly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱伟; 万福成; 李妃

    2014-01-01

    随着社会对老年生活关注倍增,重视有质量地安度晚年,针对老年人需求设计的产品呼之欲出。本文通过研究分析老年人生理上和心理上的独特特征与产品需求,结合老年人的审美需求和洗衣机产品的使用习惯,设计出既方便使用又能给与情感关怀的老年人洗衣机。%With the concern for elderly living doubling of community,attention to quality with dignity and products designed for the needs of older persons almost certain.This article through studies analysis the old physical and mental characteristics and the unique product demand,combined with the old people's aesthetic demand and the usage of the products,to design a washing machine that not only a convenient use and can give emotional concern for the old.

  1. The use of machine learning algorithms to design a generalized simplified denitrification model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oehler, F.; Rutherford, J. C.; Coco, G.

    2010-10-01

    We propose to use machine learning (ML) algorithms to design a simplified denitrification model. Boosted regression trees (BRT) and artificial neural networks (ANN) were used to analyse the relationships and the relative influences of different input variables towards total denitrification, and an ANN was designed as a simplified model to simulate total nitrogen emissions from the denitrification process. To calibrate the BRT and ANN models and test this method, we used a database obtained collating datasets from the literature. We used bootstrapping to compute confidence intervals for the calibration and validation process. Both ML algorithms clearly outperformed a commonly used simplified model of nitrogen emissions, NEMIS, which is based on denitrification potential, temperature, soil water content and nitrate concentration. The ML models used soil organic matter % in place of a denitrification potential and pH as a fifth input variable. The BRT analysis reaffirms the importance of temperature, soil water content and nitrate concentration. Generalization, although limited to the data space of the database used to build the ML models, could be improved if pH is used to differentiate between soil types. Further improvements in model performance and generalization could be achieved by adding more data.

  2. The use of machine learning algorithms to design a generalized simplified denitrification model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Oehler

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available We designed generalized simplified models using machine learning algorithms (ML to assess denitrification at the catchment scale. In particular, we designed an artificial neural network (ANN to simulate total nitrogen emissions from the denitrification process. Boosted regression trees (BRT, another ML was also used to analyse the relationships and the relative influences of different input variables towards total denitrification. To calibrate the ANN and BRT models, we used a large database obtained by collating datasets from the literature. We developed a simple methodology to give confidence intervals for the calibration and validation process. Both ML algorithms clearly outperformed a commonly used simplified model of nitrogen emissions, NEMIS. NEMIS is based on denitrification potential, temperature, soil water content and nitrate concentration. The ML models used soil organic matter % in place of a denitrification potential and pH as a fifth input variable. The BRT analysis reaffirms the importance of temperature, soil water content and nitrate concentration. Generality of the ANN model may also be improved if pH is used to differentiate between soil types. Further improvements in model performance can be achieved by lessening dataset effects.

  3. Design and analysis of linear fault-tolerant permanent-magnet vernier machines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Liang; Ji, Jinghua; Liu, Guohai; Du, Yi; Liu, Hu

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes a new linear fault-tolerant permanent-magnet (PM) vernier (LFTPMV) machine, which can offer high thrust by using the magnetic gear effect. Both PMs and windings of the proposed machine are on short mover, while the long stator is only manufactured from iron. Hence, the proposed machine is very suitable for long stroke system applications. The key of this machine is that the magnetizer splits the two movers with modular and complementary structures. Hence, the proposed machine offers improved symmetrical and sinusoidal back electromotive force waveform and reduced detent force. Furthermore, owing to the complementary structure, the proposed machine possesses favorable fault-tolerant capability, namely, independent phases. In particular, differing from the existing fault-tolerant machines, the proposed machine offers fault tolerance without sacrificing thrust density. This is because neither fault-tolerant teeth nor the flux-barriers are adopted. The electromagnetic characteristics of the proposed machine are analyzed using the time-stepping finite-element method, which verifies the effectiveness of the theoretical analysis.

  4. Design of a Modular E-Core Flux Concentrating Axial Flux Machine: Preprint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Husain, Tausif; Sozer, Yilmaz; Husain, Iqbal; Muljadi, Eduard

    2015-08-24

    In this paper a novel E-Core axial flux machine is proposed. The machine has a double-stator, single-rotor configuration with flux-concentrating ferrite magnets and pole windings across each leg of an E-Core stator. E-Core stators with the proposed flux-concentrating rotor arrangement result in better magnet utilization and higher torque density. The machine also has a modular structure facilitating simpler construction. This paper presents a single-phase and a three-phase version of the E-Core machine. Case studies for a 1.1-kW, 400-rpm machine for both the single-phase and three-phase axial flux machines are presented. The results are verified through 3D finite element analysis. facilitating simpler construction. This paper presents a single-phase and a three-phase version of the E-Core machine. Case studies for a 1.1-kW, 400-rpm machine for both the single-phase and three-phase axial flux machines are presented. The results are verified through 3D finite element analysis.

  5. The PennBMBI: Design of a General Purpose Wireless Brain-Machine-Brain Interface System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xilin; Zhang, Milin; Subei, Basheer; Richardson, Andrew G; Lucas, Timothy H; Van der Spiegel, Jan

    2015-04-01

    In this paper, a general purpose wireless Brain-Machine-Brain Interface (BMBI) system is presented. The system integrates four battery-powered wireless devices for the implementation of a closed-loop sensorimotor neural interface, including a neural signal analyzer, a neural stimulator, a body-area sensor node and a graphic user interface implemented on the PC end. The neural signal analyzer features a four channel analog front-end with configurable bandpass filter, gain stage, digitization resolution, and sampling rate. The target frequency band is configurable from EEG to single unit activity. A noise floor of 4.69 μVrms is achieved over a bandwidth from 0.05 Hz to 6 kHz. Digital filtering, neural feature extraction, spike detection, sensing-stimulating modulation, and compressed sensing measurement are realized in a central processing unit integrated in the analyzer. A flash memory card is also integrated in the analyzer. A 2-channel neural stimulator with a compliance voltage up to ± 12 V is included. The stimulator is capable of delivering unipolar or bipolar, charge-balanced current pulses with programmable pulse shape, amplitude, width, pulse train frequency and latency. A multi-functional sensor node, including an accelerometer, a temperature sensor, a flexiforce sensor and a general sensor extension port has been designed. A computer interface is designed to monitor, control and configure all aforementioned devices via a wireless link, according to a custom designed communication protocol. Wireless closed-loop operation between the sensory devices, neural stimulator, and neural signal analyzer can be configured. The proposed system was designed to link two sites in the brain, bridging the brain and external hardware, as well as creating new sensory and motor pathways for clinical practice. Bench test and in vivo experiments are performed to verify the functions and performances of the system.

  6. Intensification of the Students' Self-Development Process When Performing Design and Settlement Works on the "Machine Parts" Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timerbaev, Rais Mingalievich; Muhutdinov, Rafis Habreevich; Danilov, Valeriy Fedorovich

    2015-01-01

    The article addresses issues related to the methodology of intensifying self-development process when performing design and settlement works on the "Machine Parts" course for the students studying in such areas of training as "Technology" and "Vocational Education" with the use of computer technologies. At the same…

  7. The Magazine as a Source of Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katia Aily Franco de Camargo

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This article, that is a small part of a doctoral thesis, has for objective to present, in a systematic way, the magazine as a source of research and the importance, to understand its meaning, to study the way that a specific document has being diffused. In this direction, we started with a theoretical discussion about magazine, differentiating it of the newspaper and the book. After that, we tried to describe a kind of a methodology to work with a magazine. To be clearer we presented, as an example, the study of the famous French magazine Revue des Deux Mondes.

  8. Designing instruction to support mechanical reasoning: Three alternatives in the simple machines learning environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenna, Ann Frances

    2001-07-01

    Creating a classroom environment that fosters a productive learning experience and engages students in the learning process is a complex endeavor. A classroom environment is dynamic and requires a unique synergy among students, teacher, classroom artifacts and events to achieve robust understanding and knowledge integration. This dissertation addresses this complex issue by developing, implementing, and investigating the simple machines learning environment (SIMALE) to support students' mechanical reasoning and understanding. SIMALE was designed to support reflection, collaborative learning, and to engage students in generative learning through multiple representations of concepts and successive experimentation and design activities. Two key components of SIMALE are an original web-based software tool and hands-on Lego activities. A research study consisting of three treatment groups was created to investigate the benefits of hands-on and web-based computer activities on students' analytic problem solving ability, drawing/modeling ability, and conceptual understanding. The study was conducted with two populations of students that represent a diverse group with respect to gender, ethnicity, academic achievement and social/economic status. One population of students in this dissertation study participated from the Mathematics, Engineering, and Science Achievement (MESA) program that serves minorities and under-represented groups in science and mathematics. The second group was recruited from the Academic Talent Development Program (ATDP) that is an academically competitive outreach program offered through the University of California at Berkeley. Results from this dissertation show success of the SIMALE along several dimensions. First, students in both populations achieved significant gains in analytic problem solving ability, drawing/modeling ability, and conceptual understanding. Second, significant differences that were found on pre-test measures were eliminated

  9. Computational Sensing Using Low-Cost and Mobile Plasmonic Readers Designed by Machine Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballard, Zachary S; Shir, Daniel; Bhardwaj, Aashish; Bazargan, Sarah; Sathianathan, Shyama; Ozcan, Aydogan

    2017-02-28

    Plasmonic sensors have been used for a wide range of biological and chemical sensing applications. Emerging nanofabrication techniques have enabled these sensors to be cost-effectively mass manufactured onto various types of substrates. To accompany these advances, major improvements in sensor read-out devices must also be achieved to fully realize the broad impact of plasmonic nanosensors. Here, we propose a machine learning framework which can be used to design low-cost and mobile multispectral plasmonic readers that do not use traditionally employed bulky and expensive stabilized light sources or high-resolution spectrometers. By training a feature selection model over a large set of fabricated plasmonic nanosensors, we select the optimal set of illumination light-emitting diodes needed to create a minimum-error refractive index prediction model, which statistically takes into account the varied spectral responses and fabrication-induced variability of a given sensor design. This computational sensing approach was experimentally validated using a modular mobile plasmonic reader. We tested different plasmonic sensors with hexagonal and square periodicity nanohole arrays and revealed that the optimal illumination bands differ from those that are "intuitively" selected based on the spectral features of the sensor, e.g., transmission peaks or valleys. This framework provides a universal tool for the plasmonics community to design low-cost and mobile multispectral readers, helping the translation of nanosensing technologies to various emerging applications such as wearable sensing, personalized medicine, and point-of-care diagnostics. Beyond plasmonics, other types of sensors that operate based on spectral changes can broadly benefit from this approach, including e.g., aptamer-enabled nanoparticle assays and graphene-based sensors, among others.

  10. Study on Approach for Computer-Aided Design and Machining of General Cylindrical Cam Using Relative Velocity and Inverse Kinematics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Se-Hwan; Park; Byong-Kook; Gu; Joong-Ho; Shin; Geun-Jong; Yoo

    2002-01-01

    Cylindrical Cam Mechanism which is one of the best eq uipments to accomplish an accurate motion transmission is widely used in the fie lds of industries, such as machine tool exchangers, textile machinery and automa tic transfer equipments. This paper proposes a new approach for the shape design and manufacturing of the cylindrical cam. The design approach uses the relative velocity concept and the manufacturing approach uses the inverse kinematics concept. For the shape desig n, the contact points betw...

  11. 新型洁蛋涂膜机的设计%Design of New Type Filming Machine for Ecoeggs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘冬梅; 周方超

    2012-01-01

    A new type of ecoegg filing machine is designed to make effectively coating on the eggs in an effort to retain freshness and nutrition of eggs. This article presents the working principle of the invented machine, the design plans of its major parts, and makes interference analysis on the overall assembly of the machine. The results show that the machine is rational in design, simple in structure, and easy to operate.%设计一款新型洁蛋涂膜机,可以高效地对鸡蛋进行涂膜处理,从而保持鲜蛋品质及其营养价值。阐述洁蛋涂膜机的工作原理,详细介绍各主要部件的设计方案,并对该机的整体装配进行全局干涉分析。该机设计合理、结构简单、操作方便、涂膜效果好,具有推广应用前景。

  12. Design of Ultra-High-Power-Density Machine Optimized for Future Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Benjamin B.

    2004-01-01

    The NASA Glenn Research Center's Structural Mechanics and Dynamics Branch is developing a compact, nonpolluting, bearingless electric machine with electric power supplied by fuel cells for future "more-electric" aircraft with specific power in the projected range of 50 hp/lb, whereas conventional electric machines generate usually 0.2 hp/lb. The use of such electric drives for propulsive fans or propellers depends on the successful development of ultra-high-power-density machines. One possible candidate for such ultra-high-power-density machines, a round-rotor synchronous machine with an engineering current density as high as 20,000 A/sq cm, was selected to investigate how much torque and power can be produced.

  13. Implications of the Turing machine model of computation for processor and programming language design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, Geoffrey

    2004-01-01

    A computational process is classified according to the theoretical model that is capable of executing it; computational processes that require a non-predeterminable amount of intermediate storage for their execution are Turing-machine (TM) processes, while those whose storage are predeterminable are Finite Automation (FA) processes. Simple processes (such as traffic light controller) are executable by Finite Automation, whereas the most general kind of computation requires a Turing Machine for its execution. This implies that a TM process must have a non-predeterminable amount of memory allocated to it at intermediate instants of its execution; i.e. dynamic memory allocation. Many processes encountered in practice are TM processes. The implication for computational practice is that the hardware (CPU) architecture and its operating system must facilitate dynamic memory allocation, and that the programming language used to specify TM processes must have statements with the semantic attribute of dynamic memory allocation, for in Alan Turing"s thesis on computation (1936) the "standard description" of a process is invariant over the most general data that the process is designed to process; i.e. the program describing the process should never have to be modified to allow for differences in the data that is to be processed in different instantiations; i.e. data-invariant programming. Any non-trivial program is partitioned into sub-programs (procedures, subroutines, functions, modules, etc). Examination of the calls/returns between the subprograms reveals that they are nodes in a tree-structure; this tree-structure is independent of the programming language used to encode (define) the process. Each sub-program typically needs some memory for its own use (to store values intermediate between its received data and its computed results); this locally required memory is not needed before the subprogram commences execution, and it is not needed after its execution terminates

  14. 3-D Flow Field of Cathode Design for NC Precision Electrochemical Machining Integer Impeller Based on CFD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Wu

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In order to achieve high efficiency and low cost cathode designing, improve stability of process in NC precision electrochemical machining of integer impeller, a method of applying Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD to aid designing flow field structure of cathode and parameters for NC-ECM has been proposed in this study. The designing of flow field is the key point in cathode design and a suitable flow field design guarantees the process stability in electrochemical machining. A numerical model of the three-dimension flow field was built according to the geometrical model of interelectrode gap and cathode outline. Then the numerical simulation of 3-D flow field was performed by using the standard k-, turbulence model when the turbulence state in electrochemical machining had been determined. The effect of cathode’s structure and initial electrolyte pressure on the electrolyte flow field was analyzed according to the results of numerical simulation. A series of results similar to the actual experimental results are obtained. The method deduced in this paper could be used to achieve high efficiency and low cost cathode design, select of initial electrolyte pressure, and consequently a lot of “trial and error” cycles will be deduced.

  15. Magazine influence on body dissatisfaction: Fashion vs. health?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Swiatkowski, Paulina

    2016-01-01

    Fashion magazines have been shown to have a negative relationship with body dissatisfaction and psychological health, while the effects of health magazines on body dissatisfaction and psychological...

  16. Process Design of Shaft Machining with General Machine Tool%普通机床加工轴的工艺设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王德鹏

    2015-01-01

    通常用轴传递动力和扭矩或者支撑位于轴上的传动零部件,并使之保持相对位置。根据轴的受力特点不同,一般采用阶梯轴结构,才能满足要求。在普通机床轴的加工,效率较低,精度不容易达到要求。本文通过某阶梯轴的零件分析及工艺分析,设计出了较合理的机械加工工艺,在保证加工质量的前提上,对提高生产效率,合理使用机床等进行了有益探讨。%Usually the shaft is used to transmit power and torque or support the transmission parts on the shaft and keep their position. According to the different loading features of the shaft, usually stepped shaft is adopted to meet the requirements. The processing of shaft with general machine tool is low in efficiency and can't meet the desired accuracy. Through part analysis and process analysis of a kind of stepped shaft, a reasonable machining process technology is designed, which is beneficial for improving production efficiency and reasonable use of the machine tool o the basis of ensuring the processing quality.

  17. A novel design of DC-AC electrical machine rotary converter for hybrid solar and wind energy applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammed, K. G.; Ramli, A. Q.; Amirulddin, U. A. U.

    2013-06-01

    This paper proposes the design of a new bi-directional DC-AC rotary converter machine to convert a d.c. voltage to three-phase voltage and vice-versa using a two-stage energy conversion machine. The rotary converter consists of two main stages which are combined into single frame. These two stages are constructed from three main electromagnetic components. The first inner electromagnetic component represents the input stage that enables the DC power generated by solar energy from photo-voltaic cells to be transformed by the second and third components electro-magnetically to produce multi-phase voltages at the output stage. At the same time, extra kinetic energy from wind, which is sufficiently available, can be added to existing torque on the second electromagnetic component. Both of these input energies will add up to the final energy generated at the output terminals. Therefore, the machine will be able to convert solar and wind energies to the output terminals simultaneously. If the solar energy is low, the available wind energy will be able to provide energy to the output terminals and at the same time charges the batteries which are connected as backup system. At this moment, the machine behaves as wind turbine. The energy output from the machine benefits from two energy sources which are solar and wind. At night when the solar energy is not available and also the load is low, the wind energy is able to charge the batteries and at the same time provides output electrical power to the remaining the load. Therefore, the proposed system will have high usage of available renewable energy as compared to separated wind or solar systems. MATLAB codes are used to calculate the required dimensions, the magnetic and electrical circuits parameters to design of the new bi-directional rotary converter machine.

  18. Army-NASA aircrew/aircraft integration program: Phase 4 A(3)I Man-Machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) software detailed design document

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banda, Carolyn; Bushnell, David; Chen, Scott; Chiu, Alex; Constantine, Betsy; Murray, Jerry; Neukom, Christian; Prevost, Michael; Shankar, Renuka; Staveland, Lowell

    1991-01-01

    The Man-Machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) is an integrated suite of software components that constitutes a prototype workstation to aid designers in applying human factors principles to the design of complex human-machine systems. MIDAS is intended to be used at the very early stages of conceptual design to provide an environment wherein designers can use computational representations of the crew station and operator, instead of hardware simulators and man-in-the-loop studies, to discover problems and ask 'what if' questions regarding the projected mission, equipment, and environment. This document is the Software Product Specification for MIDAS. Introductory descriptions of the processing requirements, hardware/software environment, structure, I/O, and control are given in the main body of the document for the overall MIDAS system, with detailed discussion of the individual modules included in Annexes A-J.

  19. ThyssenKrupp magazine - Environment; ThyssenKrupp Magazin - Umwelt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-01-15

    The magazine covers the following topics: The view of E.-U. Weizsaecker concerning environment; a discussion on climatic change and changes of consciousness; the right measures against environmental problems; on happiness of mankind; the CO{sub 2} problem; environmentally friendly knowledge transfer; sustainable investment; cultural translation; wind power; mobility; lifestyle changes due to the demographic development; several generation under one roof; natural catastrophies; adaptation strategies in the context of natural catastrophies; mankind-induced changes; burnout - a symptom of the high perfomance society; the planet of nomads.

  20. AES Cardless Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) Biometric Security System Design Using FPGA Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Nabihah; Rifen, A. Aminurdin M.; Helmy Abd Wahab, Mohd

    2016-11-01

    Automated Teller Machine (ATM) is an electronic banking outlet that allows bank customers to complete a banking transactions without the aid of any bank official or teller. Several problems are associated with the use of ATM card such card cloning, card damaging, card expiring, cast skimming, cost of issuance and maintenance and accessing customer account by third parties. The aim of this project is to give a freedom to the user by changing the card to biometric security system to access the bank account using Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) algorithm. The project is implemented using Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) DE2-115 board with Cyclone IV device, fingerprint scanner, and Multi-Touch Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Second Edition (MTL2) using Very High Speed Integrated Circuit Hardware (VHSIC) Description Language (VHDL). This project used 128-bits AES for recommend the device with the throughput around 19.016Gbps and utilized around 520 slices. This design offers a secure banking transaction with a low rea and high performance and very suited for restricted space environments for small amounts of RAM or ROM where either encryption or decryption is performed.

  1. Design of Clinical Support Systems Using Integrated Genetic Algorithm and Support Vector Machine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yung-Fu; Huang, Yung-Fa; Jiang, Xiaoyi; Hsu, Yuan-Nian; Lin, Hsuan-Hung

    Clinical decision support system (CDSS) provides knowledge and specific information for clinicians to enhance diagnostic efficiency and improving healthcare quality. An appropriate CDSS can highly elevate patient safety, improve healthcare quality, and increase cost-effectiveness. Support vector machine (SVM) is believed to be superior to traditional statistical and neural network classifiers. However, it is critical to determine suitable combination of SVM parameters regarding classification performance. Genetic algorithm (GA) can find optimal solution within an acceptable time, and is faster than greedy algorithm with exhaustive searching strategy. By taking the advantage of GA in quickly selecting the salient features and adjusting SVM parameters, a method using integrated GA and SVM (IGS), which is different from the traditional method with GA used for feature selection and SVM for classification, was used to design CDSSs for prediction of successful ventilation weaning, diagnosis of patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea, and discrimination of different cell types form Pap smear. The results show that IGS is better than methods using SVM alone or linear discriminator.

  2. Innovative grinding wheel design for cost-effective machining of advanced ceramics. Phase I, final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Licht, R.H.; Ramanath, S.; Simpson, M.; Lilley, E.

    1996-02-01

    Norton Company successfully completed the 16-month Phase I technical effort to define requirements, design, develop, and evaluate a next-generation grinding wheel for cost-effective cylindrical grinding of advanced ceramics. This program was a cooperative effort involving three Norton groups representing a superabrasive grinding wheel manufacturer, a diamond film manufacturing division and a ceramic research center. The program was divided into two technical tasks, Task 1, Analysis of Required Grinding Wheel Characteristics, and Task 2, Design and Prototype Development. In Task 1 we performed a parallel path approach with Superabrasive metal-bond development and the higher technical risk, CVD diamond wheel development. For the Superabrasive approach, Task 1 included bond wear and strength tests to engineer bond-wear characteristics. This task culminated in a small-wheel screening test plunge grinding sialon disks. In Task 2, an improved Superabrasive metal-bond specification for low-cost machining of ceramics in external cylindrical grinding mode was identified. The experimental wheel successfully ground three types of advanced ceramics without the need for wheel dressing. The spindle power consumed by this wheel during test grinding of NC-520 sialon is as much as to 30% lower compared to a standard resin bonded wheel with 100 diamond concentration. The wheel wear with this improved metal bond was an order of magnitude lower than the resin-bonded wheel, which would significantly reduce ceramic grinding costs through fewer wheel changes for retruing and replacements. Evaluation of ceramic specimens from both Tasks 1 and 2 tests for all three ceramic materials did not show evidence of unusual grinding damage. The novel CVD-diamond-wheel approach was incorporated in this program as part of Task 1. The important factors affecting the grinding performance of diamond wheels made by CVD coating preforms were determined.

  3. Design and implementation of a multi-axis precision movement machine based on MAS theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li MA; Linlin CI; Genyan GE

    2009-01-01

    A model construction of a multi-agent system (MAS) and the basic function of the agent are described.The precision control method using the multi-CPU of a programmable logic controller (PLC) is introduced,and a distributed method using multiple CPUs to control different motion machines is given.The test results indicate that in industrial control fields,the combination of using the credible PLC to control the motion machine and multi-CPU task distributing methods can solve multi-axis machine linkage and implication,providing a more credible method for multi-axis motion units.

  4. INFORMATION ABOUT DRUGS IN FAMILY MAGAZINES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANTRIGT, AM; VANDENBERG, LTWD; PASMAN, M; HAAIJER-RUSKAMP, FM; WILLEMS, J; TROMP, TFJ

    1995-01-01

    Family magazines can play an important role in the diffusion of medical information and information regarding drugs to a 'lay audience'. We describe what kind of drugs are discussed in the family magazines and which information regarding these drugs is given. Furthermore, we look into the informatio

  5. INFORMATION ABOUT DRUGS IN FAMILY MAGAZINES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANTRIGT, AM; VANDENBERG, LTWD; PASMAN, M; HAAIJER-RUSKAMP, FM; WILLEMS, J; TROMP, TFJ

    1995-01-01

    Family magazines can play an important role in the diffusion of medical information and information regarding drugs to a 'lay audience'. We describe what kind of drugs are discussed in the family magazines and which information regarding these drugs is given. Furthermore, we look into the

  6. Southern Identity in "Southern Living" Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauder, Tracy

    2012-01-01

    A fantasy-theme analysis of the editors' letters in "Southern Living" magazine shows an editorial vision of valuing the past and showcasing unique regional qualities. In addition, a content analysis of the visual representation of race in the magazine's formative years and recent past validates that inhabitants of the region were portrayed…

  7. 49 CFR 174.110 - Car magazine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Car magazine. 174.110 Section 174.110...) Materials § 174.110 Car magazine. When specially authorized by the carrier, Division 1.1 or 1.2 (explosive... packages of Class 1 (explosive) materials are placed in a “magazine” box made of sound lumber not less...

  8. Magazine Picture Collage in Group Supervision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepard, Blythe C.; Guenette, Francis L.

    2010-01-01

    A magazine picture collage activity was used with three female counsellor education students as a vehicle to support them in processing their experience as counsellors in training. The use of magazine picture collage in group supervision is described, and the benefits and challenges are presented. The collages served as jumping-off points for…

  9. Literary Magazines: To Censor or Not?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mossman, Robert C.

    2007-01-01

    High school teacher Robert C. Mossman asserts that literary magazines reflect and elevate school communities' values. As adviser of his school literary magazine, Mossman encourages students to uphold certain standards for decency, while helping students learn to distinguish between original writing that is specific and thoughtful and writing that…

  10. Magazine Mania Gets Kids Writing and Thinking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gozzi, Joan Daniels

    1987-01-01

    Magazine Mania is a series of seven reproducible self-motivating activities involving magazines such as "National Geographic" and "Ranger Rick." While enjoying the activities pupils will be increasing their self awareness, appreciation of foreign cultures, divergent thinking skills, skimming, research skills, creative writing skills, vocabulary,…

  11. Research Review: Issues in Magazine Typology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prior-Miller, Marcia R.

    1994-01-01

    Explores how magazine type has been defined and on what criteria categories of magazines have been based in communication research. Observes 4 definition strategies in 223 research reports published between 1977 and 1991. Critiques them on their apparent ability to meet five generally accepted standards for the usefulness of scientifically…

  12. Research Review: Magazine Management and Economics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worthington, Robert

    1994-01-01

    Reviews research on magazine management and economics. Finds that most citations are from business and trade publications; research is being presented at conferences but not published; most management research covers industry trends rather than specific industry topics; and no solid base of conceptual and theoretical magazine management research…

  13. Research Review: Laboratory Student Magazine Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheeler, Tom

    1994-01-01

    Explores research on student-produced magazines at journalism schools, including the nature of various programs and curricular structures, ethical considerations, and the role of faculty advisors. Addresses collateral sources that provide practical and philosophical foundations for the establishment and conduct of magazine production programs.…

  14. INFORMATION ABOUT DRUGS IN FAMILY MAGAZINES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANTRIGT, AM; VANDENBERG, LTWD; PASMAN, M; HAAIJER-RUSKAMP, FM; WILLEMS, J; TROMP, TFJ

    1995-01-01

    Family magazines can play an important role in the diffusion of medical information and information regarding drugs to a 'lay audience'. We describe what kind of drugs are discussed in the family magazines and which information regarding these drugs is given. Furthermore, we look into the informatio

  15. DJL-100型温室大棚卷帘机设计%Design of Type DJL-100 Rolling Blinds Machine for Greenhouse Using

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高占文

    2015-01-01

    In order to increase the security of rolling blinds machine for greenhouse using, type DJL-100 rolling blinds machine is de-signed. The article introduces rolling blinds machine's structure and operating principle, discusses the determination method of main technical parameter and motor selecting for rolling blinds machine, verifies the machine's working load and its maximum limitation, de-termines logical design for the machine.%为提高卷帘机的安全性,设计DJL-100型温室大棚卷帘机。详细介绍卷帘机的结构及工作原理,探讨卷帘机主要技术参数的确定方法及电动机的选择,校核卷帘机的工作负荷和最大工作负荷,确定卷帘机设计合理。

  16. Frame Design and Reality of Numerical Model for Sculptured Part Machining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The importance of the numerical model for sculptured part machining based on virtual environment is introduced. Meanwhile, the general frame of the numerical model is proposed, and the techniques of developing the numerical model are discussed in detail.

  17. Design of Experimentation, Artificial Neural Network Simulation and Optimization for Integrated Bamboo Processing Machine

    OpenAIRE

    P. G. Mehar; Dr.A.V.Vanalkar

    2015-01-01

    In this research work experimentation on integrated bamboo processing machine for splitting and slicing of bamboo has been carried out. This paper presents the experimental investigation of some parameters of integrated bamboo processing machine. In this research paper simulation of experimental data using artificial neural network is carried out. An attempt of minimum-maximum principle has been made to optimize by range bound process for maximizing production rate of integrated b...

  18. RAMI approach as guidance for optimizing the design of the WEST machine protection system using IR thermography measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delchambre, E., E-mail: elise.delchambre@cea.fr; Houtte, D. van; Courtois, X.; Aumeunier, M.H.; Bucalossi, J.

    2015-10-15

    Highlights: • In the framework of the WEST project, a RAMI analysis has been performed to evaluate the availability of the IR thermography diagnostic and to compare it with the objective. • Due to a too low availability value, especially for the machine protection function, a major modification of the initial design of the IR thermography diagnostic was required to meet WEST expectations. • Thanks to the design change and some other recommendations in terms of spares on-site and maintenance, the expected availability of the machine protection function has been improved from ∼43% to 91% and therefore contribute in the mitigation of technical/operational risks during the WEST operation phase. - Abstract: The WEST project (Tungsten (W) Environment in Steady State Tokamak) is targeted at minimizing risks in support of the ITER divertor strategy. Part of the machine protection system will be based on Short Wave InfraRed (SWIR) thermography diagnostic which consists in monitoring and controlling in real time the power load on the plasma facing components through the surface temperature measurements. The inherent availability objective of such a machine protection diagnostic is essential for WEST operation. A functional analysis of the IR system from highest level main functions down to basic operational functions has been developed. The availability of the initial design has been assessed by making a RAMI (Reliability, Availability Maintainability and Inspectability) analysis. Despite mitigation actions to reduce the frequency of potential failures and their time to repair, the availability required by the project could not be reached. With the aim of achieving the availability target, a recommendation was made to consider an alternative design. This paper presents a RAMI analysis of the IR thermography diagnostic whose results have led to modifying the design of antennas protection system to a more available system as required by the WEST project.

  19. Adolescents' perceptions of popular teen magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chow, Jean

    2004-10-01

    The mass media has an enormous influence on adolescent women and their perceptions about the world and themselves. Teen magazines are a favoured form of the mass media, thus they were chosen for this research project. The aim of this paper is to report a study exploring the messages of health and health-related material in teen magazines from the perspective of adolescents. Knowledge of how adolescents perceive teen magazine messages can be used in the care of this client group. Interpretive inquiry, a substantively driven research approach, was used for the project. A convenience sample of 12 adolescents, aged 12-18 years, participated in two focus groups, and selected images and texts from popular North American teen magazines (YM, Teen, and Seventeen) to discuss. Focus group discussions were audiotaped and then transcribed. Individual interviews with the adolescents were also completed to obtain additional data. Audiotaped interviews were analysed using Gadamer's hermeneutic ideas about 'claim' or 'address'. The findings indicate that teen magazines promote particular expectations about health and health-related activities. Participants noted that the magazines promote the message of perfection by portraying models with perfect eyes, teeth and bodies. The magazines provide ideals of thinness which are presented in a seemingly attainable fashion. Participants stated that magazines suggest that adolescent women need male attention for protection and companionship, in order to achieve fulfillment. Being healthy or whole seemed to be dependent on the adolescent reader embracing and becoming the ideals portrayed in teen magazines. In order to provide relevant and sensitive health care, health care providers need to be cognizant of the persistent demands placed on adolescents by teen magazines and the mass media in general. Media messages and their influences need to be discussed with adolescents, either in school health programmes or clinician visits.

  20. On the design of robotic hands for brain-machine interface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsuoka, Yoky; Afshar, Pedram; Oh, Michael

    2006-05-15

    Brain-machine interface (BMI) is the latest solution to a lack of control for paralyzed or prosthetic limbs. In this paper the authors focus on the design of anatomical robotic hands that use BMI as a critical intervention in restorative neurosurgery and they justify the requirement for lower-level neuromusculoskeletal details (relating to biomechanics, muscles, peripheral nerves, and some aspects of the spinal cord) in both mechanical and control systems. A person uses his or her hands for intimate contact and dexterous interactions with objects that require the user to control not only the finger endpoint locations but also the forces and the stiffness of the fingers. To recreate all of these human properties in a robotic hand, the most direct and perhaps the optimal approach is to duplicate the anatomical musculoskeletal structure. When a prosthetic hand is anatomically correct, the input to the device can come from the same neural signals that used to arrive at the muscles in the original hand. The more similar the mechanical structure of a prosthetic hand is to a human hand, the less learning time is required for the user to recreate dexterous behavior. In addition, removing some of the nonlinearity from the relationship between the cortical signals and the finger movements into the peripheral controls and hardware vastly simplifies the needed BMI algorithms. (Nonlinearity refers to a system of equations in which effects are not proportional to their causes. Such a system could be difficult or impossible to model.) Finally, if a prosthetic hand can be built so that it is anatomically correct, subcomponents could be integrated back into remaining portions of the user's hand at any transitional locations. In the near future, anatomically correct prosthetic hands could be used in restorative neurosurgery to satisfy the user's needs for both aesthetics and ease of control while also providing the highest possible degree of dexterity.

  1. Design of the automatic coconut husking machine%椰子自动剥衣机的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖仁鹏; 马鑫; 刘四新; 樊军庆

    2012-01-01

    Designed 'in automatic coconut husking machine, making the coconut processing automated, reducing ihe costs, improving the production efficiency, and reducing ihc incidents of staff occurred.%设计一种椰子自动剥衣机,使椰子加工生产时的剥衣工序实现自动化,可降低成本,提高生产效率同时减少人员伤残事故的发生.

  2. Investigation of an experimental ejector refrigeration machine operating with refrigerant R245fa at design and off-design working conditions. Part 1. Theoretical analysis

    KAUST Repository

    Shestopalov, K.O.

    2015-07-01

    © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and IIR.All rights reserved. The ejector refrigeration machine (ERM) offers several advantages over other heat-driven refrigeration machine, including simplicity in design and operation, high reliability and low installation cost, which enable its wide application in the production of cooling. In this paper the theoretical analysis of ejector design and ejector refrigeration cycle performance is presented. It is shown that ERM performance characteristics depend strongly on the operating conditions, the efficiency of the ejector used, and the thermodynamic properties of the refrigerant used. A 1-D model for the prediction of the entrainment ratio ω, and an optimal design for ejectors with cylindrical and conical-cylindrical mixing chambers are presented in this paper. In order to increase ERM performance values, it is necessary first of all to improve the performance of the ejector.

  3. Design of an Adaptive Human-Machine System Based on Dynamical Pattern Recognition of Cognitive Task-Load

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jianhua; Yin, Zhong; Wang, Rubin

    2017-01-01

    This paper developed a cognitive task-load (CTL) classification algorithm and allocation strategy to sustain the optimal operator CTL levels over time in safety-critical human-machine integrated systems. An adaptive human-machine system is designed based on a non-linear dynamic CTL classifier, which maps a set of electroencephalogram (EEG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) related features to a few CTL classes. The least-squares support vector machine (LSSVM) is used as dynamic pattern classifier. A series of electrophysiological and performance data acquisition experiments were performed on seven volunteer participants under a simulated process control task environment. The participant-specific dynamic LSSVM model is constructed to classify the instantaneous CTL into five classes at each time instant. The initial feature set, comprising 56 EEG and ECG related features, is reduced to a set of 12 salient features (including 11 EEG-related features) by using the locality preserving projection (LPP) technique. An overall correct classification rate of about 80% is achieved for the 5-class CTL classification problem. Then the predicted CTL is used to adaptively allocate the number of process control tasks between operator and computer-based controller. Simulation results showed that the overall performance of the human-machine system can be improved by using the adaptive automation strategy proposed. PMID:28367110

  4. Index to the Science Fiction Magazines 1966-1970.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1971

    This index to science fiction magazines includes all United States and British periodicals published from 1966 to 1970, and is a companion to the "Index to Science Fiction Magazines, 1951-1956." The entries are triple-listed by magazines, titles, and authors. A checklist of the magazines indexed contains the month and year, volume and…

  5. 27 CFR 555.204 - Inspection of magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Inspection of magazines... of magazines. Any person storing explosive materials shall inspect his magazines at least every seven... been unauthorized entry or attempted entry into the magazines, or unauthorized removal of the...

  6. 27 CFR 555.210 - Construction of type 4 magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... magazines. 555.210 Section 555.210 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO... Construction of type 4 magazines. A type 4 magazine is a building, igloo or “Army-type structure”, tunnel, dugout, box, trailer, or a semitrailer or other mobile magazine. (a) Outdoor magazines—(1)...

  7. 27 CFR 555.207 - Construction of type 1 magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... magazines. 555.207 Section 555.207 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO... Construction of type 1 magazines. A type 1 magazine is a permanent structure: a building, an igloo or “Army..., theft-resistant, and ventilated. (a) Buildings. All building type magazines are to be constructed...

  8. 27 CFR 555.208 - Construction of type 2 magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... magazines. 555.208 Section 555.208 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO... Construction of type 2 magazines. A type 2 magazine is a box, trailer, semitrailer, or other mobile facility. (a) Outdoor magazines—(1) General. Outdoor magazines are to be bullet-resistant,...

  9. Subscribe to NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... turn Javascript on. Subscribe to NIH MedlinePlus the magazine NIH MedlinePlus the magazine is published quarterly, in print and on the ... up for a free subscription to NIH MedlinePlus Magazine. Librarians may order this magazine in bulk . Please ...

  10. 自动上粕机液压系统设计%Design of Hydraulic System for Automatic Loading Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高军霞

    2016-01-01

    An introduction to the main functions and design principle of the hydraulic system for a automatic loading machine was presented.Based on analyzing the action and functions of the hydraulic system of the automatic loading machine, the design scheme of the hydraulic system was put forward and the circuit design process and hydraulic system working principle were introduced in detail.By practical test, the hydraulic system whose performance can meet the demand of automatic loading machine and work stably, has the good market application prospect.%介绍自动上粕机液压系统的主要功能和设计原理。在分析自动上粕机液压系统动作和功能的基础上,提出该液压系统的设计方案,详细阐述了液压系统回路设计过程以及工作原理。经实践测试:该液压系统工作运行平稳,各项性能可满足自动上粕机作业需求,具有良好的市场应用前景。

  11. Design, Development and Testing of an Areca nut Dehusking Agri-machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiran K

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Areca nut has to be processed in dry condition by peeling the outer shell completely. Peeling of Areca nut is very difficult by hand. However it is being done manually by using a sharp knife with a production rate of 3kg/hr. So it is essential to develop an agri-machine which will increase the production rate and safety to labourers. Presently there are few machines available but these machines are not suitable for variety of sizes of Areca nut which leads into the insufficient removal of outer shell of Areca nut. Therefore there is enough scope to develop a agri-machine suitable for variety of sizes of Areca nut which will overcome these problems. The present reserch work emphasizes on developing an Areca nut Dehusking agri-machine for three different sizes of Areca nut. The concept is to shear-off the husk of the dry Areca nut by shearing force. The features a Dehusking mechanism, and a power drive. The experiments were conducted by changing the blades, and selecting the best method. The first experiment were conducted by mounting set of two cutters separated by spacers for each size of Areca nut, then the set of two cutters were replaced by single cutters and the results of both the experiments were compared and concluded that the single cutters were more efficient than the set of two cutters in Dehusking the Areca nut.

  12. Machine learning and word sense disambiguation in the biomedical domain: design and evaluation issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liu Hongfang

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Word sense disambiguation (WSD is critical in the biomedical domain for improving the precision of natural language processing (NLP, text mining, and information retrieval systems because ambiguous words negatively impact accurate access to literature containing biomolecular entities, such as genes, proteins, cells, diseases, and other important entities. Automated techniques have been developed that address the WSD problem for a number of text processing situations, but the problem is still a challenging one. Supervised WSD machine learning (ML methods have been applied in the biomedical domain and have shown promising results, but the results typically incorporate a number of confounding factors, and it is problematic to truly understand the effectiveness and generalizability of the methods because these factors interact with each other and affect the final results. Thus, there is a need to explicitly address the factors and to systematically quantify their effects on performance. Results Experiments were designed to measure the effect of "sample size" (i.e. size of the datasets, "sense distribution" (i.e. the distribution of the different meanings of the ambiguous word and "degree of difficulty" (i.e. the measure of the distances between the meanings of the senses of an ambiguous word on the performance of WSD classifiers. Support Vector Machine (SVM classifiers were applied to an automatically generated data set containing four ambiguous biomedical abbreviations: BPD, BSA, PCA, and RSV, which were chosen because of varying degrees of differences in their respective senses. Results showed that: 1 increasing the sample size generally reduced the error rate, but this was limited mainly to well-separated senses (i.e. cases where the distances between the senses were large; in difficult cases an unusually large increase in sample size was needed to increase performance slightly, which was impractical, 2 the sense distribution

  13. Design of a machine for the universal non-contact measurement of large free-form optics with 30 nm uncertainty

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Henselmans, R.; Rosielle, P.C.J.N.; Steinbuch, M.; Saunders, I.; Bergmans, R.

    2005-01-01

    A new universal non-contact measurement machine design for measuring free-form optics with 30 nm expanded uncertainty is presented. In the cylindrical machine concept, an optical probe with 5 mm range is positioned over the surface by a motion system. Due to a 2nd order error effect when measuring s

  14. 长网纸机网部的节能结构设计%Energy Saving Structure Design of the Wire Part of a Fourdrinier Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李长国

    2011-01-01

    介绍了某长网纸机网部的结构配置,对该纸机的网部采用简化设计后能耗非常低.%The configuration and structure of the wire part of a fourdiinier machine are introduced, the machine features very low energy consumption due to the adoption of simplified design.

  15. Multi-machine power system stabilizer design by rule based bacteria foraging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mishra, S.; Tripathy, M.; Nanda, J. [Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi (India)

    2007-10-15

    Several power system stabilizers (PSS) connected in number of machines in a multi-machine power systems, pose the problem of appropriate tuning of their parameters so that overall system dynamic stability can be improved in a robust way. Based on the foraging behavior of Escherichia coli bacteria in human intestine, this paper attempts to optimize simultaneously three constants each of several PSS present in a multi-machine power system. The tuning is done taking an objective function that incorporates a multi-operative condition, consisting of nominal and various changed conditions, into it. The convergence with the proposed rule based bacteria foraging (RBBF) optimization technique is superior to the conventional and genetic algorithm (GA) techniques. Robustness of tuning with the proposed method was verified, with transient stability analysis of the system by time domain simulations subjecting the power system to different types of disturbances. (author)

  16. An extensible operating system design for large-scale parallel machines.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Riesen, Rolf E.; Ferreira, Kurt Brian

    2009-04-01

    Running untrusted user-level code inside an operating system kernel has been studied in the 1990's but has not really caught on. We believe the time has come to resurrect kernel extensions for operating systems that run on highly-parallel clusters and supercomputers. The reason is that the usage model for these machines differs significantly from a desktop machine or a server. In addition, vendors are starting to add features, such as floating-point accelerators, multicore processors, and reconfigurable compute elements. An operating system for such machines must be adaptable to the requirements of specific applications and provide abstractions to access next-generation hardware features, without sacrificing performance or scalability.

  17. Design of coconut automatic incising machine%椰子自动切口机的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛舟; 樊军庆; 张信禹

    2013-01-01

    In order to cut the coconut shell and ensure the complete coconut shell for Hainan specialty food, coconut rice,a coconut incising machine has been designed. By satisfying the incision requirement, the thickness of tool should be as small as possible, in order to cover the coconut shell back to the coconut. The machine circular disc is rotating driven by motor. Coconuts were incising by plate-shaped cutting blade mounted on the fixture. And design the transmission system of coconut cutting machine. Considering the shape of coconut, flexible mechanical claw, cylindrical cam and height adjustable turret has been designed. After the debugging of coconut incising machine, the efficiency of incision is 30~40/min.%为了将椰子壳切开并保证椰壳完整,设计一款椰子切口机,在满足切口要求的条件下,刀具厚度应尽可能小,以便将切下的椰壳盖回椰子上.该机采用电机带动圆形工作盘转动,盘形切割锯片对安装在夹具的椰子进行切口,并设计椰子切口机的传动系统;考虑椰子形状,设计柔性机械爪、圆柱凸轮和可调节高度的刀架.对切口机进行调试,切口效率为30~40个/min.

  18. Design of Injection Mold for the Game Machine Cover%游戏机面盖注射模设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈萌; 钟锋良

    2012-01-01

    Analyzed of the game machine cover body characteristics and molding process, designed the reasonable core-pulling mechanism, solved the difficult problem of core-pulling,introduced the mold structure design.%分析了游戏机面盖的机构特点和成型工艺,设计了合理的抽芯机构,解决了难度较高的抽芯问题,介绍了模具结构设计。

  19. A critically appraised topic review of computer-aided design/computer-aided machining of removable partial denture frameworks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, Lisa A; Tulunoglu, Ibrahim

    2014-01-01

    A critically appraised topic (CAT) review is presented about the use of computer-aided design (CAD)/computer-aided machining (CAM) removable partial denture (RPD) frameworks. A systematic search of the literature supporting CAD/CAM RPD systems revealed no randomized clinical trials, hence the CAT review was performed. A PubMed search yielded 9 articles meeting the inclusion criteria. Each article was characterized by study design and level of evidence. No clinical outcomes research has been published on the use of CAD/CAM RPDs. Low levels of evidence were found in the available literature. Clinical research studies are needed to determine the efficacy of this treatment modality.

  20. Design and Application of a Solar Mobile Pond Aquaculture Water Quality-Regulation Machine Based in Bream Pond Aquaculture.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xingguo Liu

    Full Text Available Bream pond aquaculture plays a very important role in China's aquaculture industry and is the main source of aquatic products. To regulate and control pond water quality and sediment, a movable solar pond aquaculture water quality regulation machine (SMWM was designed and used. This machine is solar-powered and moves on water, and its primary components are a solar power supply device, a sediment lifting device, a mechanism for walking on the water's surface and a control system. The solar power supply device provides power for the machine, and the water walking mechanism drives the machine's motion on the water. The sediment lifting device orbits the main section of the machine and affects a large area of the pond. Tests of the machine's mechanical properties revealed that the minimum illumination necessary for the SMWM to function is 13,000 Lx and that its stable speed on the water is 0.02-0.03 m/s. For an illumination of 13,000-52,500 Lx, the sediment lifting device runs at 0.13-0.35 m/s, and its water delivery capacity is 110-208 m(3/h. The sediment lifting device is able to fold away, and the angle of the suction chamber can be adjusted, making the machine work well in ponds at different water depths from 0.5 m to 2 m. The optimal distance from the sediment lifting device to the bottom of the pond is 10-15 cm. In addition, adjusting the length of the connecting rod and the direction of the traction rope allows the SMWM to work in a pond water area greater than 80%. The analysis of water quality in Wuchang bream (Parabramis pekinensis and silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix culture ponds using the SMWM resulted in decreased NH3(+-N and available phosphorus concentrations and increased TP concentrations. The TN content and the amount of available phosphorus in the sediment were reduced. In addition, the fish production showed that the SMWM enhanced the yields of Wuchang bream and silver carp by more than 30% and 24%, respectively. These

  1. Design and Application of a Solar Mobile Pond Aquaculture Water Quality-Regulation Machine Based in Bream Pond Aquaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xingguo; Xu, Hao; Ma, Zhuojun; Zhang, Yongjun; Tian, Changfeng; Cheng, Guofeng; Zou, Haisheng; Lu, Shimin; Liu, Shijing; Tang, Rong

    2016-01-01

    Bream pond aquaculture plays a very important role in China's aquaculture industry and is the main source of aquatic products. To regulate and control pond water quality and sediment, a movable solar pond aquaculture water quality regulation machine (SMWM) was designed and used. This machine is solar-powered and moves on water, and its primary components are a solar power supply device, a sediment lifting device, a mechanism for walking on the water's surface and a control system. The solar power supply device provides power for the machine, and the water walking mechanism drives the machine's motion on the water. The sediment lifting device orbits the main section of the machine and affects a large area of the pond. Tests of the machine's mechanical properties revealed that the minimum illumination necessary for the SMWM to function is 13,000 Lx and that its stable speed on the water is 0.02-0.03 m/s. For an illumination of 13,000-52,500 Lx, the sediment lifting device runs at 0.13-0.35 m/s, and its water delivery capacity is 110-208 m(3)/h. The sediment lifting device is able to fold away, and the angle of the suction chamber can be adjusted, making the machine work well in ponds at different water depths from 0.5 m to 2 m. The optimal distance from the sediment lifting device to the bottom of the pond is 10-15 cm. In addition, adjusting the length of the connecting rod and the direction of the traction rope allows the SMWM to work in a pond water area greater than 80%. The analysis of water quality in Wuchang bream (Parabramis pekinensis) and silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) culture ponds using the SMWM resulted in decreased NH3(+)-N and available phosphorus concentrations and increased TP concentrations. The TN content and the amount of available phosphorus in the sediment were reduced. In addition, the fish production showed that the SMWM enhanced the yields of Wuchang bream and silver carp by more than 30% and 24%, respectively. These results

  2. Design of a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine for a Flywheel Energy Storage System within a Hybrid Electric Vehicle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Ming

    As an energy storage device, the flywheel has significant advantages over conventional chemical batteries, including higher energy density, higher efficiency, longer life time, and less pollution to the environment. An effective flywheel system can be attributed to its good motor/generator (M/G) design. This thesis describes the research work on the design of a permanent magnet synchronous machine (PMSM) as an M/G suitable for integration in a flywheel energy storage system within a large hybrid electric vehicle (HEV). The operating requirements of the application include wide power and speed ranges combined with high total system efficiency. Along with presenting the design, essential issues related to PMSM design including cogging torque, iron losses and total harmonic distortion (THD) are investigated. An iterative approach combining lumped parameter analysis with 2D Finite Element Analysis (FEA) was used, and the final design is presented showing excellent performance.

  3. Multiobjective Design of Turbo Injection Mode for Axial Flux Motor in Plastic Injection Molding Machine by Particle Swarm Optimization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian-Long Kuo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a turbo injection mode (TIM for an axial flux motor to apply onto injection molding machine. Since the injection molding machine requires different speed and force parameters setting when finishing a complete injection process. The interleaved winding structure in the motor provides two different injection levels to provide enough injection forces. Two wye-wye windings are designed to switch two control modes conveniently. Wye-wye configuration is used to switch two force levels for the motor. When only one set of wye-winding is energized, field weakening function is achieved. Both of the torque and speed increase under field weakening operation. To achieve two control objectives for torque and speed of the motor, fuzzy based multiple performance characteristics index (MPCI with particle swarm optimization (PSO is used to find out the multiobjective optimal design solution. Both of the torque and speed are expected to be maximal at the same time. Three control factors are selected as studied factors: winding diameter, winding type, and air-gap. Experimental results show that both of the torque and speed increase under the optimal condition. This will provide enough large torque and speed to perform the turbo injection mode in injection process for the injection molding machine.

  4. Optimal Design of Stator Interior Permanent Magnet Machine with Minimized Cogging Torque for Wind Power Application

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chen, Zhe; Zhang, Jianzhong; Cheng, Ming

    2008-01-01

    This paper proposes a new approach to minimize the cogging torque of a stator interior permanent magnet (SIPM) machine. The optimization of stator slot gap and permanent magnet is carried out and the cogging torque ripple is analyzed by using finite element analysis. Experiments on a prototype...

  5. Combining support vector machines with linear quadratic regulator adaptation for the online design of an automotive active suspension system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiou, J.-S.; Liu, M.-T.

    2008-02-01

    As a powerful machine-learning approach to pattern recognition problems, the support vector machine (SVM) is known to easily allow generalization. More importantly, it works very well in a high-dimensional feature space. This paper presents a nonlinear active suspension controller which achieves a high level performance by compensating for actuator dynamics. We use a linear quadratic regulator (LQR) to ensure optimal control of nonlinear systems. An LQR is used to solve the problem of state feedback and an SVM is used to address the question of the estimation and examination of the state. These two are then combined and designed in a way that outputs feedback control. The real-time simulation demonstrates that an active suspension using the combined SVM-LQR controller provides passengers with a much more comfortable ride and better road handling.

  6. Evaluation of Formal IDEs for Human-Machine Interface Design and Analysis: The Case of CIRCUS and PVSio-web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camille Fayollas

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Critical human-machine interfaces are present in many systems including avionics systems and medical devices. Use error is a concern in these systems both in terms of hardware panels and input devices, and the software that drives the interfaces. Guaranteeing safe usability, in terms of buttons, knobs and displays is now a key element in the overall safety of the system. New integrated development environments (IDEs based on formal methods technologies have been developed by the research community to support the design and analysis of high-confidence human-machine interfaces. To date, little work has focused on the comparison of these particular types of formal IDEs. This paper compares and evaluates two state-of-the-art toolkits: CIRCUS, a model-based development and analysis tool based on Petri net extensions, and PVSio-web, a prototyping toolkit based on the PVS theorem proving system.

  7. Man-Machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) v5: Augmentations, Motivations, and Directions for Aeronautics Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gore, Brian F.

    2011-01-01

    As automation and advanced technologies are introduced into transport systems ranging from the Next Generation Air Transportation System termed NextGen, to the advanced surface transportation systems as exemplified by the Intelligent Transportations Systems, to future systems designed for space exploration, there is an increased need to validly predict how the future systems will be vulnerable to error given the demands imposed by the assistive technologies. One formalized approach to study the impact of assistive technologies on the human operator in a safe and non-obtrusive manner is through the use of human performance models (HPMs). HPMs play an integral role when complex human-system designs are proposed, developed, and tested. One HPM tool termed the Man-machine Integration Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) is a NASA Ames Research Center HPM software tool that has been applied to predict human-system performance in various domains since 1986. MIDAS is a dynamic, integrated HPM and simulation environment that facilitates the design, visualization, and computational evaluation of complex man-machine system concepts in simulated operational environments. The paper will discuss a range of aviation specific applications including an approach used to model human error for NASA s Aviation Safety Program, and what-if analyses to evaluate flight deck technologies for NextGen operations. This chapter will culminate by raising two challenges for the field of predictive HPMs for complex human-system designs that evaluate assistive technologies: that of (1) model transparency and (2) model validation.

  8. Research of configuration design for sewing machine%平缝机的组态设计方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张莉

    2011-01-01

    To improve design efficiency and quality of sewing machine products, configuration product design method was proposed. Product development process based on configuration technology was presented, and componentization design method was analyzed. On the base of analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation, component determination process was described. Then component was design by generation rules and modification rules. Finally, the application in the design of sewing machine shows the feasibility and validity of proposed method.%为了提高平缝机产品的设计效率和质量,提出了一种组态式产品设计方法,并给出了基于组态技术的产品开发流程,分析了组件化设计的方法.在应用层次分析法和模糊综合评判算法的基础上,对组件的确定过程进行了详细阐述,并通过生成性规则和修改性规则两种准则来完成组件的设计.最后,应用该组态设计方法对平缝机进行产品设计开发,验证了该方法的可行性和有效性.

  9. Research Review: Issues in Magazine Journalism Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Elliot

    1994-01-01

    Argues that, hobbled by an impoverished underlying model and a lack of resources, very little empirical research has explored magazine journalism education. Investigates the underlying model, reviews existing research, and offers an optimistic assessment about future research possibilities. (SR)

  10. Some Considerations on Simple Non-Linear Magnetic Analysis-Based Optimum Design of Multi-Pole Permanent Magnet Machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kano, Yoshiaki; Kosaka, Takashi; Matsui, Nobuyuki

    This paper presents a simple non-linear magnetic analysis-based optimum design of a multi-pole permanent magnet machine as an assistant design tool of 3D-FEM. The proposed analysis is based on the equivalent magnetic circuit and the air gap permeance model between the stator and rotor teeth of the motor, taking into account the local magnetic saturation in the pointed end of teeth. The availability of the proposed analysis is verified by comparing with 3D-FEM analysis from the standpoints of the torque calculation accuracy for the variations of design free parameter and the computation time. After verification, the proposed analysis-based optimum design of the dimensions of permanent magnet is examined, by which the minimization of magnet volume is realized while keeping torque/current ratio at the specified value.

  11. RFID电子标签检测机设计%Design of RFID electronic label inspection machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘影; 张威

    2014-01-01

    射频识别技术(RFID)是非接触式的自动识别技术的其中一种,而电子标签是RFID其中的一个组成部分,也有人将电子标签成为射频标签。本文对电子标签的现状进行了分析,并对电子标签检测机在设计上进行了软硬件设计概述和检测概述,以EAS电子商品防盗系统设计作为RFID电子标签检测机的设计样板,以期起到一定的参考价值。%The radio frequency identification(RFID)is a non automatic identification technology contact type one,the electronic tag is a component of RFID which,some people will become the RFID electronic tag. The article analyses the current situation of electronic label,and the electronic label inspection machine in the design of the hardware and software design and test summary overview, to design EAS electronic anti-theft system of goods as a design model of RFID electronic label inspection machine,in order to play a certain reference value.

  12. Advertising of toothpaste in parenting magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basch, Corey H; Hammond, Rodney; Guinta, Alexis; Rajan, Sonali; Basch, Charles E

    2013-10-01

    We assessed advertisements for children's toothpaste in two widely read US parenting magazines. Data on the number and type of toothpaste advertisements in two parenting magazines were collected from 116 magazine issues between 2007 and 2011. The number of children's toothpaste advertisements per year and across magazines was computed. The amount of toothpaste presented in each advertisement was categorized. We noted whether the toothpaste advertisement stated that the toothpaste was fluoridated. We identified a total of 117 children's toothpaste advertisements in these magazines and confirmed that the majority of the magazine issues contained at least one toothpaste advertisement. Of the 31 advertisements that depicted a picture of a toothbrush with toothpaste, all but one (96.8 %) depicted a full swirl of toothpaste covering the entire toothbrush head, which is well over the recommended amount. The pictures on the advertisements show an excessive amount of toothpaste on the brush, which directly conflicts with the instructions on many toothpastes and dentist recommendations. Those advertisements with photographs that depict a toothbrush with a full brush head of toothpaste are showing over four times the recommended amount for children.

  13. NUMERICAL MODELING OF MULTICYLINDER ELECTRO-HYDRAULIC SYSTEM AND CONTROLLER DESIGN FOR SHOCK TEST MACHINE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHU Deying; ZHANG Zhiyi; WANG Gongxian; HUA Hongxing

    2007-01-01

    A high fidelity dynamic model of a high-energy hydraulically-actuated shock test machine for heavy weight devices is presented to satisfy the newly-built shock resistance standard and simulate the actual underwater explosion environments in laboratory as well as increase the testing capability of shock test machine. In order to produce the required negative shock pulse in the given time duration, four hydraulic actuators are utilized. The model is then used to formulate an advanced feedforward controller for the system to produce the required negative waveform and to address the motion synchronization of the four cylinders. The model provides a safe and easily controllable way to perform a "virtual testing" before starting potentially destructive tests on specimen and to predict performance of the system. Simulation results have demonstrated the effectiveness of the controller.

  14. A Design of Medium Straw Molding Machine%中型秸秆成型机设计探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于尚红

    2013-01-01

    通过对国内外秸秆成型机市场的大量调查,了解到秸秆成型机作为一种新型农用机器,市场需求潜力巨大。对调查资料的整理后综合分析国内外各中型秸秆成型机的外观设计、材料、色彩、人机界面、功能结构以及工作原理等不同角度的优缺点,本设计以造型简洁大方、功能完善、色彩美观、绿色环保设计为主要亮点,在人机工程学、设计心理学等基础上设计出更符合当代消费者品味的产品,从而让他们在满足基本功能的同时也有很好的视觉体验,设计出的产品自动化程度高、产量高、价格低、耗电少、操作简单、移动方便,物料适应性强,并且具有全自动电加热装置压轮自动调节功能。%Through the research into domestic and international market,it can be found that,as a new type of agricultural machine,the market demand of straw molding machine is potentially great.After sorting the surveyed materials,this study analyses the advantages and disadvantages of various medium-sized straw molding machines both domestic and foreign in appearance design,material,color,man-machine interface, functional structure and working principle from different point of view.This design is specialized for its concise and elegant modeling,complete function, beautiful color,and environmental protection.Based on human engineering and design psychology,the design meets the modern customers’taste,so that they can exploit the basic function as well as gain a good visual experience.The designed products have the advantage of high degree of automation,high output,low price,less consumption,simple operation,convenient to move,and strong adaptability of the material,and also it is equipped with automatic electric heating device and a pressure wheel with automatically adjustment function.

  15. A continuous speech recognition approach for the design of a dictation machine

    OpenAIRE

    Smaïli, Kamel; Charpillet, François; Pierrel, Jean-Mari; Haton, Jean-Paul

    1991-01-01

    International audience; The oral entry of texts (dictation machine) remains an important potential field of application for automatic speech recognition. The RFIA group of CRIN/INRIA has been investigating this research area for the french language during the past ten years. We propose in this paper a general presentation of the present state of our MAUD system which is based upon four major interacting components: an acoustic phonetic decoder, a lexical component, a linguistic model and a us...

  16. Effects of cutting parameters and machining environments on surface roughness in hard turning using design of experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mia, Mozammel; Bashir, Mahmood Al; Dhar, Nikhil Ranjan

    2016-07-01

    Hard turning is gradually replacing the time consuming conventional turning process, which is typically followed by grinding, by producing surface quality compatible to grinding. The hard turned surface roughness depends on the cutting parameters, machining environments and tool insert configurations. In this article the variation of the surface roughness of the produced surfaces with the changes in tool insert configuration, use of coolant and different cutting parameters (cutting speed, feed rate) has been investigated. This investigation was performed in machining AISI 1060 steel, hardened to 56 HRC by heat treatment, using coated carbide inserts under two different machining environments. The depth of cut, fluid pressure and material hardness were kept constant. The Design of Experiment (DOE) was performed to determine the number and combination sets of different cutting parameters. A full factorial analysis has been performed to examine the effect of main factors as well as interaction effect of factors on surface roughness. A statistical analysis of variance (ANOVA) was employed to determine the combined effect of cutting parameters, environment and tool configuration. The result of this analysis reveals that environment has the most significant impact on surface roughness followed by feed rate and tool configuration respectively.

  17. 果树苗木捆扎机的设计%Design of Fruit Tree Seedlings Strapping Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔腾娇; 刘俊峰; 李建平; 冯晓静

    2014-01-01

    Fruit trees seedlings enlacing homework is nursery stock in sizes of link important link to realize the goal of strapping and provisonal planting seedling stages .In order to reducing the consumption of personnel , improve work effi-ciency , and designed a suitable for seedling nursery stock strapping assignments strapping machine .The machine dimen-sion:L1200mm×W1440mm×H1430mm.By strapping prototype test showed that seedling strapping machine work stable and reliable , improved the working efficiency , has obtained the expected effect .%果树苗木捆扎作业是苗木出圃环节中实现苗木分级、捆扎和假植的重要环节。为了降低人员的消耗,提高工作效率,设计了一款适用于苗木捆扎作业的苗木捆扎机。整机外形尺寸:L1200mm×W1440mm×H1430mm。样机捆扎试验表明,苗木捆扎机工作可靠稳定,提高了工作效率,达到了预期效果。

  18. Machine tool structures

    CERN Document Server

    Koenigsberger, F

    1970-01-01

    Machine Tool Structures, Volume 1 deals with fundamental theories and calculation methods for machine tool structures. Experimental investigations into stiffness are discussed, along with the application of the results to the design of machine tool structures. Topics covered range from static and dynamic stiffness to chatter in metal cutting, stability in machine tools, and deformations of machine tool structures. This volume is divided into three sections and opens with a discussion on stiffness specifications and the effect of stiffness on the behavior of the machine under forced vibration c

  19. An HTS machine laboratory prototype

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mijatovic, Nenad; Jensen, Bogi Bech; Træholt, Chresten

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes Superwind HTS machine laboratory setup which is a small scale HTS machine designed and build as a part of the efforts to identify and tackle some of the challenges the HTS machine design may face. One of the challenges of HTS machines is a Torque Transfer Element (TTE) which...

  20. Magnetic Decoupling Design and Experimental Validation of a Radial-Radial Flux Compound-Structure Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Machine for HEVs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiyi Song

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The radial-radial flux compound-structure permanent-magnet synchronous machine (CS-PMSM, integrated by two concentrically arranged permanent-magnet electric machines, is an electromagnetic power-splitting device for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs. As the two electric machines share a rotor as structural and magnetic common part, their magnetic paths are coupled, leading to possible mutual magnetic-field interference and complex control. In this paper, a design method to ensure magnetic decoupling with minimum yoke thickness of the common rotor is investigated. A prototype machine is designed based on the proposed method, and the feasibility of magnetic decoupling and independent control is validated by experimental tests of mutual influence. The CS-PMSM is tested by a designed driving cycle, and functions to act as starter motor, generator and to help the internal combustion engine (ICE operate at optimum efficiency are validated.

  1. 电机引接线剥皮机的设计%Design of the Wire Stripping Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高秀清

    2014-01-01

    A simple stripping machine was designed to cut off the insulation and jacket from the lead wire of the motor. The jacket and insulation layer of different wire spec-ifications could be stripped by means of the high, middle and low gear oil pressure and different knife edge tooling.%设计了一个简单的剥线机,用于剥电机引接线绝缘层和护套,设置了高、中和低三挡油压及不同刀口工装,可以剥不同规格的引线。

  2. Research on and Design of Mechanical System with Optimal Cutting Movement Trajectory of Energy-Saving Stone-Sawing Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The technique of cutting slabstone with stone-sawi ng machine is analyzed completely. A new kind of cutting movement trajectory is gi ven whose actual cutting efficiency is near to 100%. It can reduce the energy w earing greatly, and the surface quality of the product is improved to the utmost extent. The design mechanism of the optimal cutting movement trajectory system structure is analyzed incisively. At the same time, the principle of the complex movement of horizontal movement and swing is resear...

  3. VHDL-based system design of a cognitive sensorimotor loop (CSL) for haptic Human-Machine Interaction (HMI)

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Morales, Pablo de

    2015-01-01

    This document is a summary of the Bachelor thesis titled “VHDL-Based System Design of a Cognitive Sensorimotor Loop (CSL) for Haptic Human-Machine Interaction (HMI)” written by Pablo de Miguel Morales, Electronics Engineering student at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM Madrid, Spain) during an Erasmus+ Exchange Program at the Beuth Hochschule für Technik (BHT Berlin, Germany). The tutor of this project is Dr. Prof. Hild. This project has been developed inside the Neurobotics Researc...

  4. 抛光机吸尘罩的优化设计%Optimal Design of Polishing Machine's Dust Hood

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余盛兵; 吴飞涯

    2013-01-01

    根据抛光机的工艺特点及粉尘特性介绍了抛光机吸尘罩的设计原则.然后利用CFD软件对吸尘罩的流场进行数值模拟,根据模拟结果对吸尘罩结构进行优化设计,并对凭经验设计的吸尘罩和按流场流畅设计的吸尘罩进行性能试验,结果表明:保证吸尘罩内流场通畅是提高吸尘罩性能的关键.%According to polishing machine's processing features and dust characteristics,the design principle of polishing machine's suction hood was introduced.Based on the results of CFD numerical simulation,the structure design was optimized.The performance of suction hoods which was designed by experience and flow field's smoothness was test.The results show that the key point of improving suction hood's function is important to ensure flow field's smoothness in the suction hood.

  5. Design of Pinion Machine Tool-settings for Spiral Bevel Gears by Controlling Contact Path and Transmission Errors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cao Xuemei; Fang Zongde; Xu Hao; Su Jinzhan

    2008-01-01

    This paper proposes a new approach to design pinion machine tool-settings for spiral bevel gears by controlling contact path and transmis- sion errors. It is based on the satisfaction of contact condition of three given control points on the tooth surface. The three meshing points are controlled to be on a predesigned straight contact path that meets the pre-designed parabolic function of transmission errors. Designed separately, the magnitude of transmission errors and the orientation of the contact path are subjected to precise control. In addition, in order to meet the manufacturing requirements, we suggest to modify the values of blank offset, one of the pinion machine tool-settings, and redesign pinion ma- chine tool-settings to ensure that the magnitude and the geometry of transmission errors should not be influenced apart from minor effects on the predesigned straight contact path. The proposed approach together with its ideas has been proven by a numerical example and the manufacturing practice of a pair of spiral bevel gears.

  6. Efficient Learning Machines: Theories, Concepts, and Applications for Engineers and System Designers

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Awad, Mariette; Khanna, Rahul

    2015-01-01

    .... Their experiential emphasis, expressed in their close analysis of sample algorithms throughout the book, aims to equip engineers, students of engineering, and system designers to design and create...

  7. Decision Optimization of Machine Sets Taking Into Consideration Logical Tree Minimization of Design Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deptuła A.

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The method of minimization of complex partial multi-valued logical functions determines the degree of importance of construction and exploitation parameters playing the role of logical decision variables. Logical functions are taken into consideration in the issues of modelling machine sets. In multi-valued logical functions with weighting products, it is possible to use a modified Quine - McCluskey algorithm of multi-valued functions minimization. Taking into account weighting coefficients in the logical tree minimization reflects a physical model of the object being analysed much better

  8. Optimum design of seat region in valves suitable for digital displacement machines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roemer, Daniel Beck; Johansen, Per; Pedersen, Henrik C.

    2014-01-01

    is optimised considering both the mechanical strength during pressure loading and fluid flow restriction in the open valve state. Material stresses are modelled using finite element (FE) analysis including non-linear material behaviour, contact elements and fluid pressure penetrating load, closely reflecting...... the actual load of the seat valve connected to a fluid pressure chamber. Valve pressure losses are modelled using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). On basis of an overall physical size requirement and material specification, optimum valve geometry and stroke length are given as function of a defined...... normalised flow coefficient directly related to the machine efficiency....

  9. 基于NX的组合机床智能化设计系统开发%Development of NX Based Intelligent Design System for Modular Machine Tools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈青; 李青祝

    2013-01-01

    On the basis of study of design procedure,a framework of intelligent design system of modular machine tools was pro-posed. With the NX based intelligent design system of modular machine tools,and assistant of its design wizard supported by knowl-edge base and inference machine,designers could build parameterized control structure of modular machine tools,perform calculations of modular machine tool design,and create digital prototypes based on the parameterized models in database,according to customer re-quirements. As a result,high quality design can be made to meet market requirement swiftly.%在研究组合机床设计流程的基础上,提出组合机床智能化设计系统的框架。在NX平台上开发组合机床智能化设计系统,设计人员可依据客户需求,按照设计向导在知识库、推理机等的支撑下,建立组合机床的参数化控制结构,完成组合机床的设计计算,并调用数据库中的参数化模型,创建数字化样机,实现高质量的设计,快速满足市场需求。

  10. Design and Development of Intelligent Return Book Machine%智能还书机的设计与开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟建; 孙玉芹

    2014-01-01

    针对现有进口还书机成本高、结构复杂的问题,根据目前我国图书馆普遍人工办理还书工作的现状,利用平面曲柄摇杆机构原理设计的图书馆用智能还书机,克服了还书机高价位、普及难、通用性差的不足,实现了还书的自助性和自主性及随机性。现场试验及试运行证实该设计方案可靠,对图书馆实现智能管理、延伸服务空间时间具有实用性,对智能还书机的研发具有借鉴和推广价值。%Aiming at problems of the existing imported book machine including high cost, complex structure, according to the present situation that artificial management is generally used in the library in our country, the intelligent library book machine which is designed according to the principle of planar crank rocker mechanism, has overcome the disadvantages of high price, difficult to popularize, poor generality and realized self-service, autonomy and randomness. Field test and trial operation show that this design is reliable and practical to extend the service space and service time, it will contribute the reference value and promotion to the intelligent book machine.

  11. The Design of a CNC Learning Machine%一种数控机床学习机的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹智军

    2011-01-01

    介绍了一种数控机床学习机的功能和特点,详细阐述了设计方案.该机采用了真实、分层、可视、人机一体化等独特的设计理念,集数控手工编程与操作学习、零部件造型和自动编程学习、数控PMC编程与调试学习、数控结构与原理学习、数控连接与调试学习、数控电气控制学习等多种功能于一身,具有真实再现、功能丰富、可视清晰、人机合理、操作方便、安全可靠等特点,有利于学习者快速掌握数控技术.%This paper introduces the functions and characteristics of a CNC learning machine,with its design given in details.It adopts a real,layered,visual,human-machine integration,and other unique design concept,and integrates multiple functions in one,including CNC manual programming and operation,parts modeling and automatic programming,CNC PMC programming and debugging,CNC structure and principles,CNC connection and debugging,and CNC electric control.The machine is characterized by real representation,rich feature,advanced technology,scientific layers,visual clarity,high efficiency,easy operation,and high reliability,all of which contribute to the learners' quick mastery of the CNC technology.

  12. 手扶式玉米割秆机的设计%Design of Walking Type Corn Stalk Cutting Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵志伟; 孙伟; 吴建民; 刘小龙; 张瑞; 李亚丽

    2015-01-01

    In order to cope with the problem of dry land corn straw mechanization harvesting level fall behind in China , a walking corn stalk cutting machine was designed .The machine adopts a combined segmentation operation system , and has the advantage of miniature and simple structure , flexible and convenient operation .The field test results showed that Stubble height 10.6cm, cutting leakage rate of 2.1% and the work efficiency of 0.21hm2/h of the machine meets the agronomic requirements of corn stalk harvesting .In particular,the cutter design,make the cutter wear small, reducing tool change frequency .%针对我国旱作玉米秸秆机械化收获水平落后的问题,设计了一种手扶式玉米割秆机。该机采用了一套联合割放作业系统,以微小型为特点,结构简单、操作灵活方便。田间试验结果表明:该机留茬高度10.6cm、漏割率2.1%、工作效率0.21hm2/h,均满足玉米秸秆收获的农艺要求;尤其切割器的设计,使得割刀磨损较小,减少了换刀频率。

  13. Stimulating Students' Use of External Representations for a Distance Education Time Machine Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baaki, John; Luo, Tian

    2017-01-01

    As faculty members in an instructional design and technology (IDT) program, we wanted to help our graduate students better understand and experience how designers design in the real world. We aimed to design a reflective and collaborative learning environment where we sparked students to engage in reflection, ideation, and the iterative process of…

  14. CONCEPTUAL DESIGN FOR A RADICALLY SMALLER, HIGHLY ADAPTIVE AND APPLICATION-FLEXIBLE MINING MACHINE FOR UTILITY AND DEVELOPMENT WORK

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrew H. Stern

    2004-12-20

    The aim of this research project was to develop a preliminary ''conceptual design'' for a radically smaller, highly adaptive and application-flexible underground coal mining machine, for performing non-production utility work and/or also undertake limited production mining for the recovery of reserves that would otherwise be lost. Whereas historically, mining philosophies have reflected a shift to increasing larger mechanized systems [such as the continuous miner (CM)], specific mining operations that do not benefit from the economy of the large mining equipment are often ignored or addressed with significant inefficiencies. Developing this prototype concept will create a new class of equipment that can provide opportunities to re-think the very structure of the mining system across a broad range of possibilities, not able to be met by existing machinery. The approach involved pooling the collective input from mining professionals, using a structured listing of desired inputs in the form of a questionnaire, which was used to define the range of desired design specifications. From these inputs, a conceptual specification was blended, by the author, to embody the general concurrence of mission concepts for this machine.

  15. Design and Test on Sowing Device of the Multi-functional Machine for Rice-wheat Cyclic Planting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulun Chen

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In order to effectively eliminate the disadvantages of improper disposing of residues and fully exploit the advantages of no-tillage seed drill technology, a machine for rice-wheat cyclic planting was developed by designing and attaching drilling and ditching assembly to a combine harvesting assembly. Tests carried out on drilling practice showed that, multi-functional machine for rice-wheat rotation, rubber track was adopted to substitute the traditional land wheel for drilling driving, cannot only effectively get rid of the intermittent drilling, but also can easily achieve the speed synchronization of harvesting and sowing practice; within the limitation of designed walking velocity, mean values of the row consistency and stability of seeding quantity as well as seeding uniformity were 93.9±1.4%, 98.4±0.5% and 76.2±5.3% respectively, which could meet the performance requirement of rice direct seeding with soil cover; for a suitable broken rate, the working length of the fluted roller is preferred to be not less than 9.4 mm if NJ210-80 roller feed was chosen to drill rice, the transmission ratio can be increased to reduce the rotary speed of the fluted roller to acquire a suitable seeding quantity, if the value exceeds the agronomic requirement of the local seeding date.

  16. 数控深孔钻镗床进给机构的设计%Design of the feeding mechanism for CNC deephole drilling-boring machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    展海瑜

    2012-01-01

    介绍了数控深孔钻镗床的加工特点及进给传动机构的设计.新的进给传动机构传动平稳精确,加工精度高,延长了刀具的使用寿命.%This article mainly introduces the machining characteristic of CNC deephole drilling—boring machine and the design of the feeding driving mechanism. This new mechanism drives stably and accurately, has high machining precision, extends the life of cutting tool.

  17. Summary of: Food references in UK children's magazines - an oral health perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheiham, Aubrey

    2014-11-01

    Objective Children's magazines are popular in the United Kingdom, but their content is poorly regulated. Consequently, food and beverages high in fat, salt and sugar (HFSS), detrimental to oral and wider health, make unrestricted appearances. The study aim was to assess the amount of HFSS food and drink children are exposed to while reading magazines; with particular focus on foods containing free sugars due to their known cariogenic properties, and foods with low pH due to their erosive potential.Design Eleven of the most popular UK children's magazines were selected and purchased at four separate time points in 2012. These 44 magazines were examined using content analysis; any references to food/beverages (in advertisements, free gifts, editorial and general content) were recorded.Results Of the 508 food references observed, 73.6% (374/508) were for foods detrimental to oral health owing to their high sugar and/or acid content. 5.9% (30/508) were considered 'unhealthy' due to their fat or salt content. 20.5% of references were for 'healthy' foods (104/508). The most common food categories referenced were baked goods (181/508) and sweets (86/508). Over a third (36.4%, 16/44) of magazines came with free sweets. In terms of positioning, the food/drink references were predominantly found in the general content of the magazines, including the editorial spreads. Direct advertisements for food/drink only accounted for 9.6% (36/374) of the total number of references counted.Conclusion Food references within children's magazines are biased towards unhealthy foods especially those detrimental to oral health; these permeate throughout the general and editorial content and are not restricted to direct advertisements. Magazine editors, journalists and illustrators are responsible for the editorial and general content of magazines. Without regulation, subliminal placement of advertisements within editorial and general content leads to 'advertorials' which are known to confuse

  18. Optical path design for laser cutting machine%激光切割机光路系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    洪超; 钟昇; 周鹏飞; 崔凯

    2013-01-01

    The physical characteristics of optical transmission and influence of transmission environment of optical path on the quality of CNC laser cutting have been analyzed and studied in the text. The design method and key points of optical path system have been put forward. It provides guidance for optical path system design of the laser cutting machine.%对光束传输的物理特性、传输环境对激光切割机光路的影响等进行了分析和研究,提出了光路系统设计的方法和要点.对激光切割机的光路系统设计具有指导意义.

  19. An embedded man-machine interface design of full digital resistance welding machine%一种嵌入式全数字化电阻焊机人机界面的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张振法; 王剑; 吴玉香; 田联房

    2012-01-01

    The design of man -machine interface was an important part of the full -digital high -current intermediate -frequency inverter resistance welding machine. For the development needs of current domestic welding machine, a visualization graphical man-machine interaction interface system was designed based on WinCE embedded operating system in the paper. The MFC of EVC++4.0 and SQLite database was used to overall development design and unified management of the welding machine data in the interface system, and it also could communicate with the lower machine DSP via RS232 or network. Extensive testing showed that the interface system could achieve user rights management, multiple welding controller management, basic specifications and parameter settings, spot control and real-time monitoring sampling etc. Also, it could be easy to operate and had powerful function and strong real-time. A new method was provided for the man-machine interface design of welding machine with embedded WinCE system.%人机交互界面设计是全数字化大电流中频逆变电阻焊机研究的一个重要组成部分.针对当前国内电焊机的发展需求,设计了一款基于WinCE嵌入式操作系统的可视化图形人杌交互界面系统.该界面系统采用EVC++4.0中的MFC进行总体开发设计,利用数椐库SQLite对焊机数据进行统一管理,并能通过RS232或网络与下位机DSP进行通信.通过大量的测试表明,界面能很好地实现焊机用户权限管理、多焊机控制器管理、基本规范与参数设置、打点控制及实时监控采样等功能,操作方便、功能强大、实时性强.采用嵌入式WinCE系统,为电焊杌人机界面的设计提供了一种新方法.

  20. Mary Tyler Moore Helps Launch NIH MedlinePlus Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Issues Mary Tyler Moore Helps Launch NIH MedlinePlus Magazine Past Issues / Winter 2007 Table of Contents For ... Javascript on. Among those attending the NIH MedlinePlus magazine launch on Capitol Hill were (l-r) NIH ...

  1. Machine medical ethics

    CERN Document Server

    Pontier, Matthijs

    2015-01-01

    The essays in this book, written by researchers from both humanities and sciences, describe various theoretical and experimental approaches to adding medical ethics to a machine in medical settings. Medical machines are in close proximity with human beings, and getting closer: with patients who are in vulnerable states of health, who have disabilities of various kinds, with the very young or very old, and with medical professionals. In such contexts, machines are undertaking important medical tasks that require emotional sensitivity, knowledge of medical codes, human dignity, and privacy. As machine technology advances, ethical concerns become more urgent: should medical machines be programmed to follow a code of medical ethics? What theory or theories should constrain medical machine conduct? What design features are required? Should machines share responsibility with humans for the ethical consequences of medical actions? How ought clinical relationships involving machines to be modeled? Is a capacity for e...

  2. Analysis and design of machine learning techniques evolutionary solutions for regression, prediction, and control problems

    CERN Document Server

    Stalph, Patrick

    2014-01-01

    Manipulating or grasping objects seems like a trivial task for humans, as these are motor skills of everyday life. Nevertheless, motor skills are not easy to learn for humans and this is also an active research topic in robotics. However, most solutions are optimized for industrial applications and, thus, few are plausible explanations for human learning. The fundamental challenge, that motivates Patrick Stalph, originates from the cognitive science: How do humans learn their motor skills? The author makes a connection between robotics and cognitive sciences by analyzing motor skill learning using implementations that could be found in the human brain – at least to some extent. Therefore three suitable machine learning algorithms are selected – algorithms that are plausible from a cognitive viewpoint and feasible for the roboticist. The power and scalability of those algorithms is evaluated in theoretical simulations and more realistic scenarios with the iCub humanoid robot. Convincing results confirm the...

  3. Design of Parameter Independent, High Performance Sensorless Controllers for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xie, Ge

    parameters such as resistance and inductance are involved in many existing sensorless control algorithms. Therefore, varying machine parameters due to different operation conditions may affect the accuracy of the position estimation and the drive performance consequently. For power converter manufactures...... of the typical sensorless algorithm – the INFORM method is implemented and tested. It is demonstrated that the voltage error may seriously affect the performance of the position estimator. To overcome this difficulty, a new implementation scheme of the INFORM method with easy inverter voltage error compensation......) PWM periods. In the injection period, the voltage output from the inverter is forced to be zero. The rotor position and the speed are then estimated simply from the current changes during this zero voltage injection period. This method provides a good performance for the rotor position estimation...

  4. The Designed Operation of the Machine Control System on HL-2A Tokamak

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    The Ethernet and field-bus communications are used in the machine control system (MCS) of HL-2A. The control net, with a programmable logic controller (PLC) as its logic control master, an engineering control management station as its net server, and a timing control PC connected to a number of terminals, flexibly and freely transfers information among the nodes on it with the Ethernet transmission techniques. The PLC masters the field bus, which carries small pieces of information between PLC and the field sites reliably and quickly. The control net is connected into the data net, where Internet access and sharing of more experimental data are enabled. The communication in the MCS guarantees the digitalization, automation and centralization. Also provided are a satisfactory degree of safety, reliability, stability, expandability and flexibility for maintenance.

  5. Utilisation of Modeling, Stress Analysis, Kinematics Optimisation, and Hypothetical Estimation of Lifetime in the Design Process of Mobile Working Machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izrael, Gregor; Bukoveczky, Juraj; Gulan, Ladislav

    2011-12-01

    The contribution deals with several methods used in the construction process such as model creation, verification of technical parameters of the machine, and life estimation of the selected modules. Determination of life cycle for mobile working machines, and their carrying modules respectively by investigation and subsequent processing of results gained by service measurements. Machine life claimed by a producer is only relative, because life of these machines depends not only on the way of work on that particular machine but also the state of material which is manipulated by the machine and in great extent the operator, their observance of security regulations, and prescribed working conditions.

  6. Robust Controller Design for Speed Control of an Indirect Field Oriented Induction Machine Drive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. MILOUDI

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of PI controllers for speed control of induction machine drives is characterized by an overshoot during tracking mode and a poor load disturbance rejection. This is mainly caused by the fact that the complexity of the system does not allow the gains of the PI controller to exceed a certain low value. At starting mode the high value of the error is amplified across the PI controller provoking high variations in the command torque. If the gains of the controller exceed a certain value, the variations in the command torque become too high and will destabilize the system.To overcome this problem we propose the use of a limiter ahead of the PI controller. This limiter causes the speed error to be maintained within the saturation limits provoking, when appropriately chosen, smooth variations in the command torque even when the PI controller gains are very high.In this paper, a new approach to control the speed of an indirect field oriented induction machine drive using a classical PI controller is proposed. Its simulated input – output non linear relationship is then learned off – line using a feed – forward linear network with one hidden layer.The simulation of the system using either the modified PI controller or the learned neural network controller shows promising results. The motor reaches the reference speed rapidly and without overshoot, step commands are tracked with almost zero steady state error and no overshoot, load disturbances are rapidly rejected and variations of some of the motor parameters are fairly well dealt with.

  7. 全自动腹膜透析机的设计%Design of automated peritoneal dialysis machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪辉; 何建忠; 赵曼曼

    2014-01-01

    Peritoneal dialysis machine is the treatment of acute renal failure , chronic renal failure and uremia medical equipment .This article describes the LPC1768 processor and μC/OS-Ⅱ real-time operating system for smart peritoneal dialysis machine .The system realizes the automatic control timing quantitative infusion timing drain , guide the user to set the parameters of dialysis overweight , over-temperature , flow rate automatic alarm .The dialysis process design is more reasonable security , good real-time performance .Especially suitable for home dialysis , the dialysis machine has obvious advantages in automation and intelligent direction .%腹膜透析机是治疗急性肾功能衰竭、慢性肾功能衰竭和尿毒症的医疗设备。文中介绍了基于LPC1768处理器和μC/OS-Ⅱ实时操作系统的智能腹膜透析机。该系统实现了全自动控制定时定量输液、定时排液、引导用户设置透析参数、过温过重、流速不足自动报警。透析流程设计更加合理安全,实时性良好。特别适用于家庭透析,该腹透机在自动化和智能化方向优势明显。

  8. Design of Automatic Chestnut Shelling Machine%自动板栗脱壳机的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张文斌

    2015-01-01

    针对目前板栗脱壳过程中主要依靠手工剥壳,手指极易被板栗刺壳上坚硬的刺刺伤,以及劳动强度大、生产效率低的问题,设计了一种新型的自动板栗脱壳机。该机采用胶皮与螺纹钢揉挤的方式将板栗刺与板栗米分开,同时采用鼓风机搭配输送带的方式进行分离。实际测试结果表明,该机采用的脱壳方式和分离方式新颖,能最大限度地将板栗米与板栗刺剥离,且能实现两者的自动分离,对于减轻栗农劳动强度,缩短栗子从采摘到上市的时间发挥了极大作用,值得进一步推广普及。%At present, chestnut is basically using hand to strip off, people’ s finger is inevitably scratched.Focusing on the current problem of high labor cost and low working efficiency, a new automatic chestnut shelling machine is designed. This machine combines rubber and deformed steel bars to separate the chestnut and its capillus.At the same time, the fan and conveyer belt are combined to realize their separation.The practical testing results show that this machine could separate the chestnut and its capillus to a great degree by using the novel shelling and separating way, it will reduce working hard and shorten time from picking to go to the market, it has great value to popularize.

  9. 27 CFR 555.203 - Types of magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Types of magazines. 555... EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE EXPLOSIVES COMMERCE IN EXPLOSIVES Storage § 555.203 Types of magazines. For purposes of this part, there are five types of magazines. These types, together with the classes...

  10. 27 CFR 555.206 - Location of magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Location of magazines. 555... EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE EXPLOSIVES COMMERCE IN EXPLOSIVES Storage § 555.206 Location of magazines. (a) Outdoor magazines in which high explosives are stored must be located no closer to...

  11. 27 CFR 555.211 - Construction of type 5 magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... magazines. 555.211 Section 555.211 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO... Construction of type 5 magazines. A type 5 magazine is a building, igloo or “Army-type structure”, tunnel, dugout, bin, box, trailer, or a semitrailer or other mobile facility. (a) Outdoor magazines—(1)...

  12. 27 CFR 555.216 - Repair of magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Repair of magazines. 555... EXPLOSIVES, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE EXPLOSIVES COMMERCE IN EXPLOSIVES Storage § 555.216 Repair of magazines. Before repairing the interior of magazines, all explosive materials are to be removed and the...

  13. Custom magazines: where digital page-turn editions fail

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schijns, J.M.C.; Smit, E.G.

    2010-01-01

    Threatened by the rise in paper, printing and postage costs, online custom magazines rejoice an increased interest. They are seen as a more efficient, but equivalent alternative to offline custom magazines. Most digital custom magazines, however, contain an electronic replica of the print version. O

  14. Persuasive Elements of 100 Successful Magazine Query Letters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jolliffe, Lee

    Building from scholarly works on persuasion and compliance-gaining, a study investigated magazine query letters that attempt to persuade an editor to buy the article offered, examining what message elements make them successful. Forty magazine editors provided copies of 100 recently accepted magazine query letters, which were compared with 50…

  15. Tobacco Advertising in Gender-Oriented Popular Magazines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krupka, Lawrence R.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Examined tobacco advertisements in gender-oriented magazines (N=74). Found more advertisements present in women's than men's magazines, and messages contained in advertisements were differentially stressed as function of magazine's primary readership. This survey and followup three months later indicated that Surgeon General's report in spring of…

  16. Custom magazines: where digital page-turn editions fail

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schijns, J.M.C.; Smit, E.G.

    2010-01-01

    Threatened by the rise in paper, printing and postage costs, online custom magazines rejoice an increased interest. They are seen as a more efficient, but equivalent alternative to offline custom magazines. Most digital custom magazines, however, contain an electronic replica of the print version.

  17. Magazine Freelancing as a Business Enterprise: A Market Systems Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jolliffe, Lee

    Conflicting information has made it necessary to examine the key factors involved in submitting magazine nonfiction for publication in order to provide better insight into the mechanics of magazine acceptance. A preliminary study tested the applicability of the market systems approach from the perspective of the magazine editor. Subjects, 28…

  18. Research Review: Quantitative Magazine Studies, 1983-1993.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popovich, Mark N.

    1994-01-01

    Examines quantitative magazine research studies published in various journals during the period 1983-1993. Questions the heavy reliance on content analysis techniques to study the role of magazines in American society. Calls for a redirection in magazine research, combining media content studies with media effects studies. (SR)

  19. Balancing Human-machine Interface (HMI) Design in Complex Supervisory Tasks

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ha, Junsu [Khalifa Univ. of Science, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates); Kim, Arryum; Jang, Inseok; Seong, Poonghyun [Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-05-15

    Human performance aspects such as plant performance, personnel task performance, situation awareness, cognitive workload, teamwork, and anthropomorphic/physiological factor are evaluated with the HUPESS. Even though the HUPESS provides evaluation results in each of the performance aspects for the integrated system validation (ISV), additional researches have been needed to develop methods on how to find out design deficiency leading to poor performance and give a solution for design improvement in HMI. The authors have developed a method of HMI design improvement for the monitoring and detection tasks which was named as 'DEMIS (Difficulty Evaluation Method in Information Searching)'. The DEMIS is a HMI evaluation method which bridge poor performance and design improvement. Lessons learned from the existing studies lead to a question about how to optimize the whole HMI design. Human factors principles provide the foundation for guidelines of various codes and standards in designing HMIs. Also in NPPs, a lot of guidelines directly from various codes and standard and derived from various research and development projects are available for designing MCR HMIs. In this study, a balancing principle and relevant two measures for HMI design optimization are proposed to be used in the HMI design of complex supervisory tasks in NPPs. The balancing principle is that a HMI element (e. g., an indicator or a push button) should be designed according to its importance.

  20. Man-Machine Interaction Design and Analysis System (MIDAS): Memory Representation and Procedural Implications for Airborne Communication Modalities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corker, Kevin M.; Pisanich, Gregory M.; Lebacqz, Victor (Technical Monitor)

    1996-01-01

    The Man-Machine Interaction Design and Analysis System (MIDAS) has been under development for the past ten years through a joint US Army and NASA cooperative agreement. MIDAS represents multiple human operators and selected perceptual, cognitive, and physical functions of those operators as they interact with simulated systems. MIDAS has been used as an integrated predictive framework for the investigation of human/machine systems, particularly in situations with high demands on the operators. Specific examples include: nuclear power plant crew simulation, military helicopter flight crew response, and police force emergency dispatch. In recent applications to airborne systems development, MIDAS has demonstrated an ability to predict flight crew decision-making and procedural behavior when interacting with automated flight management systems and Air Traffic Control. In this paper we describe two enhancements to MIDAS. The first involves the addition of working memory in the form of an articulatory buffer for verbal communication protocols and a visuo-spatial buffer for communications via digital datalink. The second enhancement is a representation of multiple operators working as a team. This enhanced model was used to predict the performance of human flight crews and their level of compliance with commercial aviation communication procedures. We show how the data produced by MIDAS compares with flight crew performance data from full mission simulations. Finally, we discuss the use of these features to study communications issues connected with aircraft-based separation assurance.

  1. 镗床多功能刀架设计%Design of the Muitifunctional Tool Rest for the Boring Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹业宏; 安宁; 刘小鹏

    2012-01-01

    针对没有平旋盘的镗床在加工过程中无法调整镗刀的径向进给量问题,通过对径向进刀系统传动链的运动分析和计算,设计一种镗床多功能刀架.使用该刀架能在主轴旋转的同时,手动或自动调节镗刀的径向进给量.并采用Pro/E软件建立了刀架的三维模型.使用该刀架能极大地方便加工操作,提高机床的加工效率.%Aiming at the question that the radial feed rate unable adjusted during processing of boring mills without flat spin dish, on the basis of analyzing and calculating the movement of the drive chain of radial feeding system, a multifunctional tool rest was designed with which the radial feed rate of a boring cutter could be adjusted manually or automatically while the main axis was rotating. By using the Pro/E software, the three-dimension model was built. By this method, the operation process and machining efficiency of the machine tool are improved substantially.

  2. 自动抽油烟机控制系统设计%Design of Smoke Lampblack Machine Control System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司开波

    2015-01-01

    In order to solve the problem of some of the harmful gases produced by cooking in modern kitchen, design a kind of intel⁃ligent smoke lampblack machine control system based on single chip microcomputer, it takes single-chip microcomputer as central processing unit of the system,MQ-2 smoke sensor as the detecting element,At the same time, also has a watchdog module to moni⁃tor the operation of the system to ensure its stable operation, realized the automation of lampblack machine and ensure its safety.%为解决现代厨房炒菜时产生的一些有害气体的问题,设计一种基于单片机的智能抽油烟机控制系统,该系统以单片机为核心,MQ-2烟雾传感器为烟雾检测元件,同时,还设有看门狗模块来监测系统的运行以保证其稳定运行,实现了抽油烟机的自动化同时又保证了其安全性。

  3. Modeling and design of cooperative braking in electric and hybrid vehicles using induction machine and hydraulic brake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zaini Dalimus

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In mixed-mode braking applications, the electric motor / generator (M/G and hydraulic pressure valve are controlled to meet the driver’s braking demand. Controlling these braking elements is achieved by modulating the current generated by the M/G and adjusting the fluid pressure to the wheel brake cylinders. This paper aims to model and design combined regenerative and hydraulic braking systems which, comprise an induction electric machine, inverter, NiMH battery, controller, a pressure source, pressure control unit, and brake calipers. A 15 kW 1500 rpm induction machine equipped with a reduction gear having a gear ratio of 4 is used. A hydraulic brake capable to produce fluid pressure up to 40 bar is used. Direct torque control and pressure control are chosen as the control criteria in the M/G and the hydraulic solenoid valve. The braking demands for the system are derived from the Federal Testing Procedure (FTP drive cycle. Two simulation models have been developed in Matlab®/Simulink® to analyze the performance of the control strategy in each braking system. The developed model is validated through experiment. It is concluded that the control system does introduce torque ripple and pressure oscillation in the braking system, but these effects do not affect vehicle braking performance due to the high frequency nature of pressure fluctuation and the damping effect of the vehicle inertia. Moreover, experiment results prove the effectiveness of the developed model.

  4. (Non) value in women‘s magazines

    OpenAIRE

    Chirita Denisa

    2012-01-01

    Dedicated to a specific audience, women willing to be professionally successful and financially independent, the current magazines for women tend to alter the feminism`s mission stated at the beginning of the XXth century. It seems that the “new woman”, promoted by those magazines, has a single purpose: not to hide anymore her sexuality. The pages dedicated to this „liberation” abound in diets, pieces of advice, testimonials of a “more exciting sex”1, daily sensuality, leading towards a new p...

  5. Popular history magazines and history education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Thorp

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper argues that popular history magazines may be a welcome complement to other forms of historical media in history teaching. By outlining a theoretical framework that captures uses of history, the paper analyses popular history magazine articles from five European countries all dealing with the outbreak of World War I. The study finds that while the studied articles provide a rather heterogeneous view of the causes of the Great War, they can be used to discuss and analyse the importance of perspective in history, thus offering an opportunity to further a more disciplinary historical understanding.

  6. Design Integration of Man-Machine Interface (MMI) Display Drawings and MMI Database

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Yong Jun; Seo, Kwang Rak; Song, Jeong Woog; Kim, Dae Ho; Han, Jung A [KEPCO Engineering and Construction Co., Deajeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-10-15

    The conventional Main Control Room (MCR) was designed using hardwired controllers and analog indications mounted on control boards for control and acquisition of plant information. This is compared with advanced MCR design where Flat Panel Displays (FPDs) with soft controls and mimic displays are used. The advanced design needs MMI display drawings replacing the conventional control board layout drawings and component lists. The data is linked to related object of the MMI displays. Compilation of the data into the DB is generally done manually, which tends to introduce errors and discrepancies. Also, updating and managing is difficult due to a huge number of entries in the DB and the update must closely track the changes in the associated drawing. Therefore, automating the DB update whenever a related drawing is updated would be quite beneficial. An attempt is made to develop a new method to integrate the MMIS display drawing design and the DB management. This would significantly reduce the amount of errors and improve design quality. The design integration of the MMI Display drawing and MMI DB is explained briefly but concisely in this paper. The existing method involved individually and separately inputting design data for the MMI display drawings. This caused to the potential problem of data discrepancies and errors as well as the update time lag between related drawings and the DB. This led to development of an integration of design process which automates the design data input activity.

  7. 新型旋切式小型螺蛳切尾机%Design of the Small-Sized Machine of Resecting End of Snail

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史建华

    2012-01-01

    一种适合家庭使用的小型螺蛳切尾机,采用具有榫卯结构的定料板固定螺蛳,通过螺蛳的固定、切尾、废物的收集等三道工序,利用旋切原理切去螺蛳的尾部.该螺蛳加工机结构简单,体积小,经济实惠,适合家庭使用,可单件和多件加工.%This paper introduced the small-sized machine of resecting end of snail which is suited to family-use,and it presented the key of design, principle of working and the composition of the small-sized machine. The machine employ convex-concave fixed panel to fix snail. Through the snail fixed, tail cutting, waste collection three processes, the machine uses rotate tool to amputate end of snail. The innovation of this design is that the machine has the advantages of simple structure, small volume, economic benefits. It is an ideal processing machine suitable for family use, single and multiple pieces of processing. [Ch, 4 fig. 12 ref.

  8. Gender Advertisements in Magazines Aimed at African Americans: A Comparison to Their Occurrence in Magazines Aimed at Caucasians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaughlin, Tara L.; Goulet, Nicole

    1999-01-01

    Analyzed more than 200 magazines to compare advertisements in magazines aimed at African Americans with advertisements in magazines aimed at Caucasians. Discusses results in terms of the demand characteristics implicit in gender advertisements and in terms of cultural differences in gender role expectations. (Author/SLD)

  9. Fifth Graders' Learning about Simple Machines through Engineering Design-Based Instruction Using LEGO™ Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marulcu, Ismail; Barnett, Mike

    2013-01-01

    This study is part of a 5-year National Science Foundation-funded project, Transforming Elementary Science Learning Through LEGO™ Engineering Design. In this study, we report on the successes and challenges of implementing an engineering design-based and LEGO™-oriented unit in an urban classroom setting and we focus on the impact of the unit on…

  10. Usability and printing technology: Ergonomic design of a new generation of web offset printing machines; Usability und Drucktechnik: Ergonomische Gestaltung einer neuen Generation von Rollendruckmaschinen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Enke, G. [MAN Roland Druckmaschinen AG, Augsburg (Germany)

    2002-07-01

    This paper describes the development of a user interface design of a new generation of a digital web offset printing machine, which integrates the whole printing workflow from prepress to postpress. The features of this highly complex printing machine DICOweb and the development of its user interface are presented. The operator was in the center of interest for designing the user interface. The DICOweb user interface allows easy operating and presents a clearly arranged view of the process and current operating status, without needing high initial periods of the operators. To guarantee a high flexibility and direct operation of the machine, a touchscreen user interface was applied. The screen design of the touchscreen requires a special style-guide. (orig.)

  11. Design and implementation of an x-ray strain measurement capability using a rotating anode machine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roberts, J.A.; Rangaswamy, P.; Lujan, M. Jr.; Bourke, M.A.M.

    1998-12-31

    This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Residual stresses close to the surface can improve the reliability and lifetime of parts for technological applications. X-ray diffraction plays a significant role in gaining an exact knowledge of the stresses at the surface and their depth distribution. An x-ray capability at Los Alamos is key to developing and maintaining industrial collaborations in strain effects. To achieve this goal, the authors implemented a residual strain measuring station on the rotating anode x-ray instrument at the Lujan Center. This capability has been used to investigate residual strains in heat treated automotive components, machining effects on titanium alloys, resistance welded steel joints, titanium matrix fiber reinforced composites, ceramic matrix composites, thin films, and ceramic coatings. The overall objective is to combine both x-ray and neutron diffraction measurements with numerical models (e.g., finite element calculations).

  12. Maximum correntropy based attention-gated reinforcement learning designed for brain machine interface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hongbao; Wang, Fang; Zhang, Qiaosheng; Zhang, Shaomin; Wang, Yiwen; Zheng, Xiaoxiang; Principe, Jose C; Hongbao Li; Fang Wang; Qiaosheng Zhang; Shaomin Zhang; Yiwen Wang; Xiaoxiang Zheng; Principe, Jose C; Wang, Yiwen; Principe, Jose C; Zheng, Xiaoxiang; Zhang, Qiaosheng; Zhang, Shaomin; Li, Hongbao; Wang, Fang

    2016-08-01

    Reinforcement learning is an effective algorithm for brain machine interfaces (BMIs) which interprets the mapping between neural activities with plasticity and the kinematics. Exploring large state-action space is difficulty when the complicated BMIs needs to assign credits over both time and space. For BMIs attention gated reinforcement learning (AGREL) has been developed to classify multi-actions for spatial credit assignment task with better efficiency. However, the outliers existing in the neural signals still make interpret the neural-action mapping difficult. We propose an enhanced AGREL algorithm using correntropy as a criterion, which is more insensitive to noise. Then the algorithm is tested on the neural data where the monkey is trained to do the obstacle avoidance task. The new method converges faster during the training period, and improves from 44.63% to 68.79% on average in success rate compared with the original AGREL. The result indicates that the combination of correntropy criterion and AGREL can reduce the effect of the outliers with better performance when interpreting the mapping between neural signal and kinematics.

  13. Spanish Translation and Feasibility Study of "Ranger Rick's Nature Magazine." Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shipman, Virginia C.

    The study was designed to evaluate the acceptance, appropriateness, and use of an experimental Spanish edition of the April 1980 "Ranger Rick's Nature Magazine"; to identify similarities and differences in the reactions to the translated edition of various groups within the Hispanic population; and to collect the recommendations for the Spanish…

  14. Design on the Reversible Horizontal Axle Plate Ditching Machine%可换向水平轴圆盘开沟机的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭辉; 苏刚; 韩长杰

    2013-01-01

    Based on the development status of ditching machine , especially for the rotating disc ditching machine , we de-sign this type of reversible horizontal axle plate ditching machine .The machine can overcome the weakness of the tradi-tional rotating disc offset ditching machine .Through prototype trial and test , the result is favorable and meets the require-ments of the design .The ditching machine has added a new type of equipment for the orchard .The ditching machine has the characteristic of flexible working in the orchard .The problem on the traditional machine has been resolved .%  针对开沟机特别是旋转圆盘式开沟机的发展现状,设计了一种可换向式水平轴圆盘开沟机。该机能够克服传统旋转圆盘式开沟机只能单侧开沟的不足,并对其关键工作部件进行了全面的设计。通过样机的试制和试验,效果良好,达到了设计的各项要求,为果园作业又增添了新型机具。可换向式开沟机具有灵活的特点,能够在果园环境工作,弥补了传统机具这方面的不足。

  15. Design of a high-torque machine with two integrated motors axes reducing the electric vehicle consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Chaieb

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available The motorization of electric vehicle needs to work at a constant power on a wide range of speed. In order to be able to satisfy these requirements, we describe in this paper a solution, which consists in modifying of a simple structure of a permanent magnet motor by a double rotor structure integrating two motor axes into the same machine. This article describes, then, a design methodology of a permanent magnet motor with double rotor, radial flux, and strong starting torque for electric vehicles. This work consists on the analytical dimensioning of the motor by taking into account several operation constraints followed by a modelling by the finite elements method. This study is followed by the comparison between this motor and a motor with one rotor. A global model of the motor- converter is developed for the purpose to answer several optimisation problems

  16. 智能定量充磁机的设计%The Design of an Intelligent Quantitatively Magnetizing Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘英

    2001-01-01

    介绍了智能定量充磁机的基本工作原理及设计思想、硬件结构、软件流程框图。该机功能强、操作简单、智能化程度高、充磁效率高,具有良好的工程应用前景。%The design of an intelligent quantitatively magnetizing machine is introduced in the paper, about its basic principle, hardware construction and software flow chart. It has many advantages such as strive functions, easy operating, intelligent and high efficiency, and is good applicable in practical engineering.

  17. The eXperience Induction Machine: A New Paradigm for Mixed-Reality Interaction Design and Psychological Experimentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernardet, Ulysses; Bermúdez I Badia, Sergi; Duff, Armin; Inderbitzin, Martin; Le Groux, Sylvain; Manzolli, Jônatas; Mathews, Zenon; Mura, Anna; Väljamäe, Aleksander; Verschure, Paul F. M. J.

    The eXperience Induction Machine (XIM) is one of the most advanced mixed-reality spaces available today. XIM is an immersive space that consists of physical sensors and effectors and which is conceptualized as a general-purpose infrastructure for research in the field of psychology and human-artifact interaction. In this chapter, we set out the epistemological rational behind XIM by putting the installation in the context of psychological research. The design and implementation of XIM are based on principles and technologies of neuromorphic control. We give a detailed description of the hardware infrastructure and software architecture, including the logic of the overall behavioral control. To illustrate the approach toward psychological experimentation, we discuss a number of practical applications of XIM. These include the so-called, persistent virtual community, the application in the research of the relationship between human experience and multi-modal stimulation, and an investigation of a mixed-reality social interaction paradigm.

  18. Effective software design and development for the new graph architecture HPC machines.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dechev, Damian

    2012-03-01

    Software applications need to change and adapt as modern architectures evolve. Nowadays advancement in chip design translates to increased parallelism. Exploiting such parallelism is a major challenge in modern software engineering. Multicore processors are about to introduce a significant change in the way we design and use fundamental data structures. In this work we describe the design and programming principles of a software library of highly concurrent scalable and nonblocking data containers. In this project we have created algorithms and data structures for handling fundamental computations in massively multithreaded contexts, and we have incorporated these into a usable library with familiar look and feel. In this work we demonstrate the first design and implementation of a wait-free hash table. Our multiprocessor data structure design allows a large number of threads to concurrently insert, remove, and retrieve information. Non-blocking designs alleviate the problems traditionally associated with the use of mutual exclusion, such as bottlenecks and thread-safety. Lock-freedom provides the ability to share data without some of the drawbacks associated with locks, however, these designs remain susceptible to starvation. Furthermore, wait-freedom provides all of the benefits of lock-free synchronization with the added assurance that every thread makes progress in a finite number of steps. This implies deadlock-freedom, livelock-freedom, starvation-freedom, freedom from priority inversion, and thread-safety. The challenges of providing the desirable progress and correctness guarantees of wait-free objects makes their design and implementation difficult. There are few wait-free data structures described in the literature. Using only standard atomic operations provided by the hardware, our design is portable; therefore, it is applicable to a variety of data-intensive applications including the domains of embedded systems and supercomputers.Our experimental

  19. 可重构机床新型接口设计∗%Interface Design of Reconfigurable Machine Tool

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李一全; 姜倩; 许金凯; 梁冲

    2015-01-01

    Based on the concept, characteristics about micro reconfigurable manufacturing system, two kinds of new mechanical module interface was studied and designed;Two kinds of new module interfaces that re-spectively used in the machine tool was designed, in order to realize the function change about turning and milling; According to the stress distribution of the prototype in the actual processing. Done the statics and dynamics analysis for the two main structure of the machine tool with interfaces. After these work for mod-ule interface have laid a certain foundation for the application in reconfigurable micro-processing system.%该设计以可重构车铣微加工系统为背景,根据可重构车铣微加工系统的概念及特点,对机械模块接口进行了深入研究和创新设计;基于可重构车铣微加工机床的重构要求,设计出了两种分别应用于机床中主轴模块和工作台模块的新型接口,接口可以实现机床车铣功能快速互换;并根据实际加工中该机床的受力情况,分别对接口接入到机床主运动系统和工作台时,进行了静力学分析和动力学分析,对接口的性能进行了评价,为以后模块接口在可重构微加工系统中的应用提供了基础。

  20. 49 CFR Appendix E to Part 236 - Human-Machine Interface (HMI) Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... system states. (e) When creating displays and controls, the designer must consider user ergonomics and... provide a basic understanding of the FCC regulations for digital (computing) devices, and includes...