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Sample records for macarthur foundation research

  1. Digital Youth with Disabilities. MacArthur Foundation Series on Digital Media and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alper, Meryl

    2014-01-01

    Most research on media use by young people with disabilities focuses on the therapeutic and rehabilitative uses of technology; less attention has been paid to their day-to-day encounters with media and technology--the mundane, sometimes pleasurable and sometimes frustrating experiences of "hanging out, messing around, and geeking out."…

  2. Kessler Foundation Research Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... you, Kessler Foundation researchers have been studying wearable robotic exoskeletons in people with paralysis and weakness, and ... info@kesslerfoundation.org Kessler Foundation 2015 © | accessibility statement | careers | privacy policy | press releases

  3. Foundation for Sarcoidosis Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a Clinical Trial Our mission is to stop sarcoidosis — join us. The sarcoidosis community needs your help ... receive periodic emails from the Foundation. Foundation For Sarcoidosis Research 1820 W. Webster Ave., Ste 304 Chicago, ...

  4. American Vitiligo Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... life can acquire vitiligo Welcome to The American Vitiligo Foundation 2017 AVRF Calendars Order your calendar with ... animal testing. Please Visit Our Donations Page American Vitiligo Research Foundation "We Walk By Faith, Not By ...

  5. Education and Social Media: Toward a Digital Future. MacArthur Foundation Series on Digital Media and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenhow, Christine, Ed.; Sonnevend, Julia, Ed.; Agur, Colin, Ed.

    2016-01-01

    How are widely popular social media such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram transforming how teachers teach, how kids learn, and the very foundations of education? What controversies surround the integration of social media in students' lives? The past decade has brought increased access to new media, and with this new opportunities and…

  6. Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Percentage Donations Tribute Wall Other Giving/Fundraising Opportunities Bitcoin Donation Form FAQs Mesothelioma Awareness Day: Find out ... Percentage Donations Tribute Wall Other Giving/Fundraising Opportunities Bitcoin Donation Form FAQs © 2017 Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation, ...

  7. Brain and Behavior Research Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Stress Disorder View All > Donate DONATE TODAY! > The Brain & Behavior Research Foundation is committed to alleviating the suffering caused ... and breakthroughs in scientific research. Copyright © 2016 the brain & behavior research foundation Privacy Policy Legal Notices and Disclaimers

  8. Lymphoma Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the stem cell transplantation process. Read More LYMPHOMA RESEARCH Featured Researcher – David Scott, MBChB, PhD Dr. Scott ... and Advocacy News Action Center Advocacy Tool Kit Research LRF Research Portfolio Disease-Specific Focus Areas Grants ...

  9. Ellen MacArthur

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Teodora; Lazarova

    2006-01-01

    Just over a year since breaking the round theworld solo record on board her 75 foot trimaranB&O,Ellen MacArthur embarked on a newventure:the Asian Record Circuit 2006,incorpo-rating the ‘Tour Of China’,and bringing a differ-ent set of challenges into new territories.Wespoke to Ellen and her team during their recent(April)stopover in Oingdao.When did you start sailing and what inspiredyou(you grew up in Derbyshire,in the UK,quite far away from the water)?I was introduced to sailing by my Aunt Thea ona small sailing boat called Cabaret.We wentsailing along the east coast of EngLand andbefore I knew it,I was hooked on sailing.I wasso inspired that when I was at school,I saved

  10. Glaucoma Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... born with glaucoma. Read her story » Learn About Glaucoma Glaucoma is a complicated disease in which damage ... Booklet Vision Loss Progression healthy advanced Tips for Glaucoma Care We've worked with patients, researchers, and ...

  11. Experimental Research of Engine Foundations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta-Elena Chiţan

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper tries a compact presentation of experimental research of engine-foundations. The dynamic phenomena are so complex, that the vibrations cannot be estimated in the design stage. The design engineer of an engine foundation must foresee through a dynamic analysis of the vibrations, those measures that lead to the avoidance or limiting of the bad effects caused by the vibrations.

  12. NCI collaborates with Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    The National Cancer Institute (NCI) announced a collaboration with the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation (MMRF) to incorporate MMRF's wealth of genomic and clinical data on the disease into the NCI Genomic Data Commons (GDC), a publicly available datab

  13. Philosophical foundations of qualitative research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, C O

    1993-08-01

    Although new and still emerging for us, qualitative research approaches have been receiving considerable attention for some time in other disciplines. Along with philosophical debates, there are debates about whether there needs to be a debate. On a philosophical level, there is irreconcilable conflict between the quantitative and qualitative paradigms. It is important to recognize this conflict, avoiding illogical compromise. Yet, proponents of each paradigm need to applaud both the existence of the other and the hybrid paradigms that inevitably are born of conflict. An apt beginning would be broader definitions of what constitutes science and research in nursing, eliminating the sense-organ bias that is so contrary to our philosophy for practice. This alone would provide qualitative nurse researchers with the sanction they need to progress in their exploration of various approaches to creating a science and a body of knowledge in, for, and about nursing practice. In the chapters to follow, readers will be introduced to several qualitative research approaches. Each approach represents an interpretation of the qualitative paradigm in nursing research, grounded in the general perspective of phenomenological philosophy. This perspective focuses on phenomena as they appear and recognizes that reality is subjective and a matter of appearances for us in our social world. Subjectivity means that the world becomes real through our contact with it and acquires meaning through our interpretations of that contact. Truth, then, is a composite of realities, and access to truth is a problem of access to human subjectivity. This perspective guides the qualitative researcher in nursing to the subject matter of lived experiences, which are the original contacts with a world, and of the processes and content of interpretation--the meaning attributions that constitute realities and perspectives for a future of possibilities in the world. Other consequences of a phenomenological

  14. Orthopaedic research and education foundation and industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wurth, Gene R; Sherr, Judy H; Coffman, Thomas M

    2003-07-01

    Members of orthopaedic industry commit a significant amount of funds each year to support research and education programs that are directly related to their product(s). In addition, industry supports organizations such as the Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation. The relationship between the Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation and industry began in the early 1980s. The support to the Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation from industry primarily has come in the form of unrestricted grants. These grants best can be looked at as an investment rather than a contribution. This form of giving, once called corporate philanthropy is more accurately referred to as strategic philanthropy. Members of industry make these investments to enhance their reputations, build brand awareness, market their products and services, improve employee morale, increase customer loyalty, and establish strategic alliances. The specialty of orthopaedics is among the leaders in medicine in the amount of funding raised within the specialty for research and education programs. This is because of the amount of support from members of industry and the surgeons. During the past 15 years, 40% of the annual support to the Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation has come from industry and the balance has come from surgeons and members of lay public. Future industry support of the Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation and other organizations within the specialty of orthopaedics will be dependent on the continued demonstration of tangible returns in areas described.

  15. Queensland Emergency Medicine Research Foundation: special report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    FitzGerald, Gerry; Codd, Catrina; Aitken, Peter; Sinnott, Michael

    2012-02-01

    Development of any new profession is dependent on the development of a special body of knowledge that is the domain of the profession. Key to this is research. Following sustained lobbying, the Queensland Government agreed to establish an emergency medicine research fund as part of an Enterprise Bargaining Agreement in 2006. That fund is managed by the Queensland Emergency Medicine Research Foundation. The present article describes the strategic approaches of the Foundation in its first 3 years, the application of research funds, and foreshadows an evaluative framework for determining the strategic value of this investment. The Foundation has developed a range of personnel and project support funding programmes, and competition for funding has increased. Ongoing evaluation will seek to determine the effectiveness of the current funding strategy on improving the effectiveness of research performance. It will also evaluate the clinical and organizational outcomes.

  16. Expert Meeting Report. Foundations Research Results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ojczyk, C. [Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (United States); Huelman, P. [Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (United States); Carmody, J. [Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (United States)

    2013-05-01

    The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership held an expert meeting on Foundations–Research Results on November 15, 2011, in Minneapolis, MN. Audience participation was actively encouraged during each presentation to uncover needs and promote dialog among researchers and industry professionals. Key results were: greater understanding of the role of moisture transport through foundation and insulation materials and its potential impact on building durability; greater understanding of the role of foundation type in the process of selecting an insulation system for energy performance and building durability; need for research to quantify the risks associated with insulation processes to better enable users to weigh costs and benefits against the existing conditions of a home; need for improved performance modeling capabilities that address variations in foundation types and soil conditions.

  17. Research and the Bernard van Leer Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wall, W. D.

    1978-01-01

    Outlines Bernard van Leer Foundation sponsorship of action programs and research studies of child development in 25 countries. The problems and possibilities of such work are discussed from the viewpoint of evaluation and the contribution which can be made to the behavioral sciences--notably to comparative child development. (Author/RH)

  18. Foundations of Logistics and Supply Chain Research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Georgi, Christoph; Darkow, Inga-Lena; Kotzab, Herbert

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the current intellectual foundation of four leading academic journals within the field of logistics and supply chain management. We were interested to identify the most frequently quoted publications as well as their impact on logistics research. We examined...... 17,000 references of 412 papers and further analysed the 39 top-references with the means of multidimensional scaling (MDS), cluster- and factor analysis. We were able to identify a mix of textbooks and articles from academic journals and revealed a journal-specific citation pattern, not only...

  19. Foundations of intervention research in instrumental practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes Lunde Hatfield

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The goals of the present study are to evaluate, implement, and adapt psychological skills used in the realm of sports into music performance. This research project also aims to build foundations on how to implement future interventions to guide music students on how to optimize practice toward performance. A two-month psychological skills intervention was provided to two students from the national music academy’s bachelor program in music performance to better understand how to adapt and construct psychological skills training programs for performing music students. The program evaluated multiple intervention tools including the use of questionnaires, performance profiling, iPads, electronic practice logs, recording the perceived value of individual and combined work, as well as the effectiveness of different communication forms. Perceived effects of the intervention were collected through semi-structured interviews, observations, and logs.

  20. Expert Meeting Report: Foundations Research Results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ojczyk, C.; Huelman, P.; Carmody, J.

    2013-05-01

    In the Expert Meeting Plan, the NorthernSTAR Team proposed to host two Expert Meetings in calendar year 2011. Invitees to the meetings would include experts in the current field of study, other BA team members, and representatives from DOE and NREL. They will invite leading industry experts to present at these meetings. The Expert Meetings will focus on key systems areas that will be required to meet the Building America performance goals and shall be sufficiently narrow in scope that specific conclusions, action items, and delegation of future tasks can be identified and completed. The two expert meeting topics are 'Foundations' and 'Window Retrofit.' The first session is designed as a webinar only and the second will be a live meeting.

  1. Case Study Research: Foundations and Methodological Orientations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helena Harrison

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Over the last forty years, case study research has undergone substantial methodological development. This evolution has resulted in a pragmatic, flexible research approach, capable of providing comprehensive in-depth understanding of a diverse range of issues across a number of disciplines. Change and progress have stemmed from parallel influences of historical transformations in approaches to research and individual researcher's preferences, perspectives, and interpretations of this design. Researchers who have contributed to the development of case study research come from diverse disciplines with different philosophical perspectives, resulting in a variety of definitions and approaches. For the researcher new to using case study, such variety can create a confusing platform for its application. In this article, we explore the evolution of case study research, discuss methodological variations, and summarize key elements with the aim of providing guidance on the available options for researchers wanting to use case study in their work. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1701195

  2. Qualitative Research in Counseling Psychology: Conceptual Foundations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrow, Susan L.

    2007-01-01

    Beginning with calls for methodological diversity in counseling psychology, this article addresses the history and current state of qualitative research in counseling psychology. It identifies the historical and disciplinary origins as well as basic assumptions and underpinnings of qualitative research in general, as well as within counseling…

  3. Qualitative Research in Counseling Psychology: Conceptual Foundations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrow, Susan L.

    2007-01-01

    Beginning with calls for methodological diversity in counseling psychology, this article addresses the history and current state of qualitative research in counseling psychology. It identifies the historical and disciplinary origins as well as basic assumptions and underpinnings of qualitative research in general, as well as within counseling…

  4. Fisher Center for Alzheimer's Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a Cure Read More Together we can make Alzheimer's nothing but a memory Scroll to see how ... cure We are making a major impact on Alzheimer’s research. Our scientific discoveries are featured in top ...

  5. Conceptual foundations of qualitative life course research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Walter R. Heinz

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Analyzing biographies is a main field of qualitative social research that studies individuals’ sensemaking in regard to transitions and life projects. The paper presents concepts for linking the macrosocial and micro-social levels in life course analysis. First, the concept of “status passage” is reviewed, with a focus on social structure, institutions, and biography. Second, the concept of “selfsocialization” is introduced, highlighting the notion of the “biographical actor”. Third, recent elaborations of the concept of “agency” in life course research are discussed. Fourth, two examples of qualitative longitudinal research are presented: one on occupational careers, another on the process of family formation. Finally, methodological implications are sketched.

  6. Ontological and Epistemological Foundations of Qualitative Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Vasilachis de Gialdino

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to describe the most relevant features of qualitative research in order to show how, from the Epistemology of the Known Subject perspective I propose, it is necessary to review first the ontological and then the epistemological grounds of this type of inquiry. I begin by following the path that leads from the Epistemology of the Knowing Subject to the Epistemology of the Known Subject, proposed as a new and non exclusive way of knowing. I pass on to describe the primary and secondary characteristics of qualitative research, expressing the need for an ontological rupture. Finally, cognitive interaction and cooperative knowledge construction are considered as two fundamental features in the process of qualitative research grounded on the Epistemology of the Known Subject. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0902307

  7. Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Novel Partnerships De-Risking Successes PD Therapeutics Conference Sponsored Prizes Data Science Challenge Robert A. Pritzker Prize Bachmann-Strauss Prize DONATE TO ADVANCE RESEARCH FUNDRAISE WITH TEAM FOX PARTICIPATE IN YOUR AREA LATEST FROM THE BLOG MORE NEWS MJFF LIVE October 28, 2016 Ask ...

  8. Foundational principles of classical Ayurveda research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somik Raha

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Double-blind randomized controlled trials (RCTs are viewed as the golden standard of drug research in Western medicine. However, RCTs are far from "golden" in many respects. They are impractical for many therapies, such as for surgeries and complex lifestyle changes. They encourage a one-size-fits-all approach to medical treatment that fails to address the huge diversity among individual patients in terms of their physical and emotional symptoms, social and cultural upbringing, and other factors. Perhaps, more importantly, they do not help doctors make the best medical decisions required to produce optimal patient outcomes. To guide a search for an alternate model of medical research, three principles based on Ayurveda, an ancient and powerful system of health care that has stood the test of time, are presented. These principles, arrived at after mining Ayurvedic epistemology, are: Inductive learning, whole systems thinking, and individually optimized therapy. In honor of the ancient sages or "Rishis," whose voice is used to deliver Ayurvedic knowledge in the ancient texts of Ayurveda, these are referred to as the "Rishi principles." Individually optimized therapy is interpreted using the lens of decision analysis. Common research methodologies are examined for embodiment of these principles.

  9. Foundational principles of classical Ayurveda research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raha, Somik

    2013-10-01

    Double-blind randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are viewed as the golden standard of drug research in Western medicine. However, RCTs are far from "golden" in many respects. They are impractical for many therapies, such as for surgeries and complex lifestyle changes. They encourage a one-size-fits-all approach to medical treatment that fails to address the huge diversity among individual patients in terms of their physical and emotional symptoms, social and cultural upbringing, and other factors. Perhaps, more importantly, they do not help doctors make the best medical decisions required to produce optimal patient outcomes. To guide a search for an alternate model of medical research, three principles based on Ayurveda, an ancient and powerful system of health care that has stood the test of time, are presented. These principles, arrived at after mining Ayurvedic epistemology, are: Inductive learning, whole systems thinking, and individually optimized therapy. In honor of the ancient sages or "Rishis," whose voice is used to deliver Ayurvedic knowledge in the ancient texts of Ayurveda, these are referred to as the "Rishi principles." Common research methodologies are examined for embodiment of these principles.

  10. Ontological and Epistemological Foundations of Qualitative Research

    OpenAIRE

    Irene Vasilachis de Gialdino

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe the most relevant features of qualitative research in order to show how, from the Epistemology of the Known Subject perspective I propose, it is necessary to review first the ontological and then the epistemological grounds of this type of inquiry. I begin by following the path that leads from the Epistemology of the Knowing Subject to the Epistemology of the Known Subject, proposed as a new and non exclusive way of knowing. I pass on to describe the p...

  11. Establishing a research agenda for Foundation Phasei initial ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2016-08-19

    Aug 19, 2016 ... between researching classrooms and researching initial teacher education, especially as it relates to the foundation phase, ... initially being the only university open to 'black'iii students (Kerr, 1968). .... Trends in International Maths and Science Study .... approaches to diversity in schools and a description.

  12. Content Analysis as a Foundation for Programmatic Research in Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slater, Michael D.

    2013-01-01

    Previous arguments that content analyses provide the descriptive foundation for media effects research (McLeod & Reeves, 1980) are extended to include that content analyses can provide a sound and useful foundation for programmatic research by individual communication scientists. I discuss examples from my own work and from that of colleagues in communication and related disciplines. Use of messages sampled and coded in a content analysis in combination with survey data sets or as stimuli in experiments are highlighted. The particular potential for employing larger numbers of randomly sampled messages in experimental designs, and, with use of appropriate statistical methods, being able to generalize to populations of messages, is described. PMID:23914276

  13. Expanding the Foundation: Climate Change and Opportunities for Educational Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Joseph; Long, David; Berger, Paul; Russell, Constance; Drewes, Andrea

    2017-01-01

    Human-caused climate change is a dominant global challenge. Unlike other disciplines and fields, there has as yet been only limited attention to climate change in educational research generally, and in educational foundations in particular. Education is key to assisting humanity in mitigating and adapting to climate change, and educational…

  14. Foundations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harteveld, Casper

    A building will more likely collapse if it does not have any proper foundations. Similarly, the design philosophy of Triadic Game Design (TGD) needs to reside on solid building blocks, otherwise the concept will collapse as well. In this level I will elaborate on these building blocks. First I will explain what the general idea of TGD is. It is a design philosophy, for sure, but one which stresses that an “optimum” needs to be found in a design space constituted by three different worlds: Reality, Meaning, and Play. Additionally, these worlds need to be considered simultaneously and be treated equally. The latter requires balancing the worlds which may result in different tensions, within and between two or three of the worlds. I continue by discussing each of the worlds and showing their perspective on the field of games with a meaningful purpose. From this, we clearly see that it is feasible to think of each world and that the idea makes sense. I substantiate this further by relating the notion of player and similar approaches to this framework. This level is quite a tough pill to swallow yet essential for finishing the other levels. Do not cheat or simply skip this level, but just take a big cup of coffee or tea and start reading it.

  15. NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION. Preliminary Observations on Indirect Costs for Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-24

    NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Preliminary Observations on Indirect Costs for Research Statement of John Neumann, Director...on Science , Space, and Technology, House of Representatives For Release on Delivery Expected at 10:00 a.m. ET Wednesday, May 24th, 2017 GAO-17...testimony before the Subcommittee on Research and Technology and the Subcommittee on Oversight, Committee on Science , Space, and Technology, House of

  16. Premises, principles, and practices in qualitative research: revisiting the foundations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charmaz, Kathy

    2004-09-01

    In this keynote address, the author focuses on what we bring to qualitative inquiry and how we conduct our research. What we do, why we do it, and how we do it remain contested issues. She proposes that we look at our methodological premises anew, revisit our principles, and revise our practices. Throughout this address, she draws on Goffman's methodological insights to provide a foundation for reassessing qualitative inquiry. She argues that researchers can build on Goffman's ideas to strengthen their methodological practices and research products. Last, she counters current institutional scrutiny of qualitative inquiry and suggests unacknowledged benefits of this work.

  17. A Summary of the Foundation Research Program, FY 1984.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-04-30

    Scattering in a Random Ocean - A Linear Systems Theory Approach 34 DEPARTMENT OF METEOROLOGY 35 Investigation of the Structure and Evolution of. the Coastal... Linear Systems Theory Approach DEPARTMENT OF METEOROLOGY Investigation of the Structure W.J. Shaw 6.1 and Evolution of the Coastal ABL Using an Acoustic... Systems Theory Approach INVESTIGATOR: L. J. Ziomek, Assistant Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering SPONSOR: NPS Foundation Research Program

  18. Research Data Reusability: Conceptual Foundations, Barriers and Enabling Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costantino Thanos

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available High-throughput scientific instruments are generating massive amounts of data. Today, one of the main challenges faced by researchers is to make the best use of the world’s growing wealth of data. Data (reusability is becoming a distinct characteristic of modern scientific practice. By data (reusability, we mean the ease of using data for legitimate scientific research by one or more communities of research (consumer communities that is produced by other communities of research (producer communities. Data (reusability allows the reanalysis of evidence, reproduction and verification of results, minimizing duplication of effort, and building on the work of others. It has four main dimensions: policy, legal, economic and technological. The paper addresses the technological dimension of data reusability. The conceptual foundations of data reuse as well as the barriers that hamper data reuse are presented and discussed. The data publication process is proposed as a bridge between the data author and user and the relevant technologies enabling this process are presented.

  19. Space Weather Research at the National Science Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moretto, T.

    2015-12-01

    There is growing recognition that the space environment can have substantial, deleterious, impacts on society. Consequently, research enabling specification and forecasting of hazardous space effects has become of great importance and urgency. This research requires studying the entire Sun-Earth system to understand the coupling of regions all the way from the source of disturbances in the solar atmosphere to the Earth's upper atmosphere. The traditional, region-based structure of research programs in Solar and Space physics is ill suited to fully support the change in research directions that the problem of space weather dictates. On the observational side, dense, distributed networks of observations are required to capture the full large-scale dynamics of the space environment. However, the cost of implementing these is typically prohibitive, especially for measurements in space. Thus, by necessity, the implementation of such new capabilities needs to build on creative and unconventional solutions. A particularly powerful idea is the utilization of new developments in data engineering and informatics research (big data). These new technologies make it possible to build systems that can collect and process huge amounts of noisy and inaccurate data and extract from them useful information. The shift in emphasis towards system level science for geospace also necessitates the development of large-scale and multi-scale models. The development of large-scale models capable of capturing the global dynamics of the Earth's space environment requires investment in research team efforts that go beyond what can typically be funded under the traditional grants programs. This calls for effective interdisciplinary collaboration and efficient leveraging of resources both nationally and internationally. This presentation will provide an overview of current and planned initiatives, programs, and activities at the National Science Foundation pertaining to space weathe research.

  20. Liver expression quantitative trait loci: a foundation for pharmacogenomic research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dylan eGlubb

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL analysis can provide insights into the genetic regulation of gene expression at a genomic level and this information is proving extremely useful in many different areas of research. As a consequence of the role of the liver in drug metabolism and disposition, the study of eQTLs in primary human liver tissue could provide a foundation for pharmacogenomics. Thus far, four genome-wide eQTL studies have been performed using human livers. Many liver eQTLs have been found to be reproducible and a proportion of these may be specific to the liver. Already these data have been used to interpret and inform clinic genome-wide association studies, providing potential mechanistic evidence for clinical associations and identifying genes which may impact on clinical phenotypes. However, the utility of liver eQTL data has not yet been fully explored or realized in pharmacogenomics. As further liver eQTL research is undertaken, the genetic regulation of gene expression will become much better characterized and this knowledge will create a rational basis for the prospective pharmacogenomic study of many drugs.

  1. Changing times, changing paradigm (2): The Macarthur experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMillan, M A; Dwyer, J

    1989-04-01

    Part 2 delves more deeply into the program which the Macarthur Institute of Higher Education has implemented; a problem-based learning curriculum with the focus on self directed learning and the transfer of concepts and principles related to the various sciences associated with health care. Through exploration of specific patient problems students are able to integrate the components of the course using a process of enquiry. This new approach has implications for the student, the new graduate, the teacher/facilitator, the workforce and the recipients of nursing care. A broad overview of the impact of the new paradigm on nursing thus far is provided with a suggested model for formal evaluation of the program.

  2. Environmental Science and Research Foundation, Inc. annual technical report: Calendar year 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reynolds, R.D.; Warren, R.W. [eds.

    1998-05-01

    This Annual Technical Report describes work conducted for the Department of Energy, Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID), by the Environmental Science and Research Foundation (Foundation). The Foundation`s mission to DOE-ID provides support in several key areas. The Foundation conducts an environmental monitoring and surveillance program over an area covering much of the upper Snake River Plain, and provides environmental education and support services related to Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) natural resource issues. Also, the Foundation, with its University Affiliates, conducts ecological and radioecological research on the Idaho National Environmental Research Park. This research benefits major DOE-ID programs including Waste Management, Environmental Restoration, Spent Nuclear Fuels, and Land Management Issues. Summaries are included of the individual research projects.

  3. 31 CFR 515.576 - Activities of private foundations or research or educational institutes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... research or educational institutes. 515.576 Section 515.576 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations... Activities of private foundations or research or educational institutes. Specific licenses may be issued on a... additional transactions as are directly incident to activities by private foundations or research...

  4. Environmental Science and Research Foundation annual technical report: Calendar year 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morris, R.C.; Blew, R.D. [eds.

    1997-07-01

    This Annual Technical Report describes work conducted for the Department of Energy, Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID), by the Environmental Science and Research Foundation (Foundation). The Foundation`s mission to DOE-ID provides support in several key areas. The authors conduct an environmental monitoring and surveillance program over an area covering much of the upper Snake River Plain, and provide environmental education and support services related to Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) natural resource issues. Also, the Foundation, with its University Affiliates, conducts ecological and radioecological research in the Idaho National Environmental Research Park. This research benefits major DOE-ID programs including Waste Management, Environmental Restoration, Spent Nuclear Fuels, and Land Management Issues. The major accomplishments of the Foundation and its University Affiliates during the calendar year 1996 are discussed.

  5. Citizen Science: Dune Restoration with Sea Oats by Junior Friends of MacArthur Beach State Park

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, S.

    2016-12-01

    As a crucial part of the dune ecosystem, Sea Oats are a protected species in Florida. They provide excellent habitat for small birds and mammals and prevent dune erosion with their fibrous roots.Citizen science is a research and education tool that involves everyday people in real and meaningful forms of science. My volunteer group, Junior friends of Macarthur Beach State Park, used citizen science to restore dunes by growing and planting Sea Oats. Junior friends is a group of 6-12th grade students whose purpose is to support the park through monthly activities and special events. Junior Friends asked,what is the best way to germinate/grow/and plant Sea Oats to renourish the beach dune. Specifically, what planting medium is most conducive for maximizing growth of Sea Oats? We tested three scenarios: 100% potting soil, 100% sand from the beach, 50% sand-50% potting soil mixture.Using harvested Sea Oat seeds from Macarthur Beach State Park, we separated the seeds from their casings, known as spiklets. We then monitored the plant's weekly over the course of 14 weeks and charted their growth. All the seeds had similar growth rates, but the seeds that grew in 100% potting soil consistently grew the tallest. The second tallest Sea Oats were 100% sand; the 50% sand-50% potting soil mixture produced the least amount of growth. When seedlings reached their desired growth of 6-8 inches and established a root ball, we planted the Sea Oats on the dune for restoration. After planting them,we monitored the growth of the Sea Oats on the MacArthur Beach dune throughout the rest of the year, charting the height of the planted Sea Oats. Using Citizen science we had meaningful data that helped us have a better understanding of restoring Sea Oats on Florida dunes and will help further future restorations.

  6. What You Need to Know in Researching Foundations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thaler, F. Roger

    1981-01-01

    Information needed (correct name, brief history, purpose and activities, donors and staff, prior gifts, granting patterns, geographical limitations, and contact person) and information sources (directories, reports, indexes, visits, and other publications) for maintaining files on foundation giving prospects for colleges are outlined. (MSE)

  7. State University of New York Research Foundation: Controls over Direct Costs. Report 93-S-64.

    Science.gov (United States)

    New York State Office of the Comptroller, Albany. Div. of Management Audit.

    An evaluation was done of the State University of New York (SUNY) Research Foundation's controls over direct expenditures for research and sponsored activities. The Foundation is a private, non-profit educational corporation established to expand the educational mission of SUNY through fund raising, administration of gifts and grants, and…

  8. Environmental Science and Research Foundation. Annual technical report, April 11, 1994--December 31, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reynolds, T.D.; Morris, R.C.; Markham, O.D. [eds.

    1995-06-01

    This Annual Technical Report describes work conducted for the Department of Energy, Idaho Operations Office, by the Environmental Science and Research Foundation (Foundation) for work under contract DE-AC07-94ID13268. The Foundation began, on April 11, 1994, to conduct environmental surveillance near to and distant from the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, provide environmental public relations and education related to INEL natural resource issues, and conduct ecological and radioecological research benefiting major DOE-ID programs including Waste Management, Environmental Restoration, Spent Nuclear Fuels, and Infrastructure.

  9. Bibliometric analyses of publications from Centres of Excellence funded by the Danish National Research Foundation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schneider, Jesper Wiborg; Costas, Rodrigo; Henriksen, Dorte

    2013-01-01

    , the interaction with host institutions, and the governance and management of the DNRF. The evaluation concludes that the DNRF has had a very positive impact on the quality of research in Denmark and recommends that the foundation is re-funded. The evaluation is based on a bibliometric study, self......-assessment report by DNRF, numerous interviews and desk studies. Appendix 5: Bibliometric analyses of publications from Centres of Excellence funded by the Danish National Research Foundation...

  10. Research within the disciplines foundations for reference and library instruction

    CERN Document Server

    Keeran, Peggy

    2014-01-01

    Research within the Disciplines is designed to help reference librarians - and students studying to become librarians - gain that deeper understanding of disciplinary differences that allows them to comfortably solve information needs rather than merely responding to questions, and practical knowledge about how to work with researchers in a library setting.

  11. Failed venture: Gordon Murray and the W. P. Caven Memorial Research Foundation, 1949-74.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKellar, S

    2001-01-01

    This paper examines the founding and operation of the W. P. Caven Memorial Research Foundation, a private Toronto laboratory, which existed from 1949 to 1974. The Caven Foundation's Research Director was celebrated Toronto surgeon Gordon Murray (1894-1976), who, in 1949, accepted this position amidst personal and public expectations of great medical discoveries and innovations to come. For 25 years Murray carried on his research at the Caven Foundation, generating more controversy and disappointment than medical cures, before the laboratory was closed for financial reasons. What might have been a successful alternative to the University-based medical research structure in Canada resulted in a failed venture. The Foundation did not become a viable research centre largely because of its Research Director and his inability to adapt to the many changes occurring in the conduct and funding of clinical research. The history of the Caven Foundation is explored here within the context of increasingly specialized research techniques and methodology, the rising predominance of the interdisciplinary research team, and the new system of grantsmanship.

  12. Vygotsky's Legacy: A Foundation for Research and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gredler, Margaret E.; Shields, Carolyn Claytor

    2007-01-01

    Most educators are familiar with Lev Vygotsky's concept of the "zone of proximal development," yet the bulk of Vygotsky's pioneering theory of cognitive development largely remains unknown. This volume provides a systematic, authoritative overview of Vygotsky's work and its implications for educational research and practice. Major topics include…

  13. Basic Research in Artificial Intelligence and Foundations of Programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-05-01

    Rover, Proc. 6th Int. Joint Conf. on Artiftial Intelligence, Tokyo, Japan, August 98. McCarthy, John. Ascribing Mental 1979, pp. 589-601. Qualities to...Semantics, Comunicaciones Tecnicas (in Spanish). Blue Series: monographs. Center 1 17. Nevatia, R., T.O. Binford; Structured for Research in Applied...Ron Goldman, AL Users’ Manual. + AIM-326 CS-725 136 pages, January 1979. Cost: 15.50 McCarthy, John, Ascribing Mental Qualities to Machines. This

  14. Survivors and scientists: Hiroshima, Fukushima, and the Radiation Effects Research Foundation, 1975-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindee, Susan

    2016-04-01

    In this article, I reflect on the Radiation Effects Research Foundation and its ongoing studies of long-term radiation risk. Originally called the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (1947-1975), the Radiation Effects Research Foundation has carried out epidemiological research tracking the biomedical effects of radiation at Hiroshima and Nagasaki for almost 70 years. Radiation Effects Research Foundation scientists also played a key role in the assessment of populations exposed at Chernobyl and are now embarking on studies of workers at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. I examine the role of estimating dosimetry in post-disaster epidemiology, highlight how national identity and citizenship have mattered in radiation risk networks, and track how participants interpreted the relationships between nuclear weapons and nuclear energy. Industrial interests in Japan and the United States sought to draw a sharp line between the risks of nuclear war and the risks of nuclear power, but the work of the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (which became the basis of worker protection standards for the industry) and the activism of atomic bomb survivors have drawn these two nuclear domains together. This is so particularly in the wake of the Fukushima disaster, Japan's 'third atomic bombing'. The Radiation Effects Research Foundation is therefore a critical node in a complex global network of scientific institutions that adjudicate radiation risk and proclaim when it is present and when absent. Its history, I suggest, can illuminate some properties of modern disasters and the many sciences that engage with them.

  15. PRO development: rigorous qualitative research as the crucial foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lasch, Kathryn Eilene; Marquis, Patrick; Vigneux, Marc; Abetz, Linda; Arnould, Benoit; Bayliss, Martha; Crawford, Bruce; Rosa, Kathleen

    2010-10-01

    Recently published articles have described criteria to assess qualitative research in the health field in general, but very few articles have delineated qualitative methods to be used in the development of Patient-Reported Outcomes (PROs). In fact, how PROs are developed with subject input through focus groups and interviews has been given relatively short shrift in the PRO literature when compared to the plethora of quantitative articles on the psychometric properties of PROs. If documented at all, most PRO validation articles give little for the reader to evaluate the content validity of the measures and the credibility and trustworthiness of the methods used to develop them. Increasingly, however, scientists and authorities want to be assured that PRO items and scales have meaning and relevance to subjects. This article was developed by an international, interdisciplinary group of psychologists, psychometricians, regulatory experts, a physician, and a sociologist. It presents rigorous and appropriate qualitative research methods for developing PROs with content validity. The approach described combines an overarching phenomenological theoretical framework with grounded theory data collection and analysis methods to yield PRO items and scales that have content validity.

  16. PRO development: rigorous qualitative research as the crucial foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marquis, Patrick; Vigneux, Marc; Abetz, Linda; Arnould, Benoit; Bayliss, Martha; Crawford, Bruce; Rosa, Kathleen

    2010-01-01

    Recently published articles have described criteria to assess qualitative research in the health field in general, but very few articles have delineated qualitative methods to be used in the development of Patient-Reported Outcomes (PROs). In fact, how PROs are developed with subject input through focus groups and interviews has been given relatively short shrift in the PRO literature when compared to the plethora of quantitative articles on the psychometric properties of PROs. If documented at all, most PRO validation articles give little for the reader to evaluate the content validity of the measures and the credibility and trustworthiness of the methods used to develop them. Increasingly, however, scientists and authorities want to be assured that PRO items and scales have meaning and relevance to subjects. This article was developed by an international, interdisciplinary group of psychologists, psychometricians, regulatory experts, a physician, and a sociologist. It presents rigorous and appropriate qualitative research methods for developing PROs with content validity. The approach described combines an overarching phenomenological theoretical framework with grounded theory data collection and analysis methods to yield PRO items and scales that have content validity. PMID:20512662

  17. Curiosity, Hope, and Vision: The Role of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Pioneer Portfolio in Funding Early Health Game Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarini, Paul

    2012-02-01

    Games for Health Journal Editor Bill Ferguson recently discussed The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's important role in funding health game research with Paul Tarini, Senior Program Officer for the Foundation's Pioneer Portfolio.

  18. Post-Foundational Discourse Analysis: A Suggestion for a Research Program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomas Marttila

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Post-foundational discourse analysis, also labeled as Essex School in Discourse Analysis, has been observed to suffer from a considerable methodological deficit that limits its applicability in empirical research. The principal aim of this article is to overcome this methodological deficit by constructing the research program of the post-foundational discourse analysis that facilitates its operationalization in empirical research. In accordance with Imre LAKATOS (1970 and David HOWARTH (2004a, a research program is referred to an internally consistent and openly scrutinizable system of theoretical, methodological and phenomenal concepts that opens up the possibility to distinguish between the "negative" and the "positive" heuristics of empirical research. The first three sections develop the positive heuristics of the post-foundational discourse analysis by elucidating its theoretical foundations, methodological position and phenomenal framework. The concluding fourth section draws on the presented positive heuristics to outline the analytical stages and strategies of the post-foundational discourse analysis and discusses suitable methods for sampling and interpreting empirical data. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs150319

  19. Connecting Creativity Research and Practice in Art Education: Foundations, Pedagogies, and Contemporary Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastos, Flávia, Ed.; Zimmerman, Enid, Ed.

    2015-01-01

    In three broad sections--Foundations, Pedagogies, and Contemporary Issues--the editors and chapter authors of "Connecting Creativity Research and Practice in Art Education" articulate the significance of reconsidering creativity as a crucial dimension of art education research and practice today. This book represents a groundbreaking…

  20. Assessing Early Communicative Ability: A Cross-Reporter Cumulative Score for the MacArthur CDI

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Houwer, Annick; Bornstein, Marc H.; Leach, Diane B.

    2005-01-01

    Thirty middle- to upper middle-class monolingual Dutch speaking families consisting of at least a mother and a father completed the Infant Form "Words and Gestures" of the Dutch adaptation of the MacArthur Communicative Development Inventory for the same child at 1;1. Considerable inter- and intrafamily variation emerged in how two (or three)…

  1. Promising and Established Investigators' Experiences Participating in the National Athletic Trainers' Association Foundation Research Mentor Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nottingham, Sara L; Mazerolle, Stephanie M; Barrett, Jessica L

    2017-04-01

      Mentorship is a helpful resource for individuals who transition from doctoral student to tenure-track faculty member. The National Athletic Trainers' Association (NATA) Research & Education Foundation offers a Research Mentor Program to provide mentorship to promising investigators, particularly as they work to establish independent lines of research.   To gain the perspectives of promising and established investigators on their participation in the NATA Foundation Research Mentor Program.   Qualitative, phenomenological research.   Higher education institutions.   Seven promising investigators (5 women, 2 men) and 7 established investigators (2 women, 5 men), all of whom had completed the NATA Foundation Research Mentor Program. Data Collection and Analysis We developed and piloted intervi: ew guides designed to gain participants' perspectives on their experiences participating in the NATA Foundation Research Mentor Program. Semistructured telephone interviews were completed with each individual and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed using a phenomenological approach, and saturation was obtained. Trustworthiness was established with the use of member checking, multiple-analyst triangulation, and data-source triangulation.   Three themes emerged from the interviews: (1) motivation, (2) collaboration, and (3) resources. Participants were motivated to become involved because they saw the value of mentorship, and mentees desired guidance in their research. Participants believed that collaboration on a project contributed to a positive relationship, and they also desired additional program and professional resources to support novice faculty.   Promising and established investigators should be encouraged to engage in mentoring relationships to facilitate mentees' research agendas and professional development. The NATA Foundation and athletic training profession may consider providing additional resources for novice faculty, such as training on

  2. Research for assessment, not deployment, of Climate Engineering: The German Research Foundation's Priority Program SPP 1689

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oschlies, Andreas; Klepper, Gernot

    2017-01-01

    The historical developments are reviewed that have led from a bottom-up responsibility initiative of concerned scientists to the emergence of a nationwide interdisciplinary Priority Program on the assessment of Climate Engineering (CE) funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG). Given the perceived lack of comprehensive and comparative appraisals of different CE methods, the Priority Program was designed to encompass both solar radiation management (SRM) and carbon dioxide removal (CDR) ideas and to cover the atmospheric, terrestrial, and oceanic realm. First, key findings obtained by the ongoing Priority Program are summarized and reveal that, compared to earlier assessments such as the 2009 Royal Society report, more detailed investigations tend to indicate less efficiency, lower effectiveness, and often lower safety. Emerging research trends are discussed in the context of the recent Paris agreement to limit global warming to less than two degrees and the associated increasing reliance on negative emission technologies. Our results show then when deployed at scales large enough to have a significant impact on atmospheric CO2, even CDR methods such as afforestation—often perceived as "benign"—can have substantial side effects and may raise severe ethical, legal, and governance issues. We suppose that before being deployed at climatically relevant scales, any negative emission or CE method will require careful analysis of efficiency, effectiveness, and undesired side effects.

  3. Rezension von: Sally Macarthur: Towards a Twenty-First-Century Feminist Politics of Music. Aldershot: Ashgate 2010.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kordula Knaus

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Sally Macarthur unternimmt mit Rückgriff auf Philosophien von Deleuze und Guattari bzw. deren feministische Weiterentwicklung u. a. durch Grosz und Braidotti eine Neupositionierung der Figur der Komponistin in der zeitgenössischen Musikproduktion. Auf der Grundlage von Denkkonzepten wie ‚Differenz‘, ‚Virtualität‘, ‚Werden‘ oder ‚Deterritorialisierung‘ dekonstruiert Macarthur die Master-Narrative von autonomer, innovativer, schöpferischer, männlicher Musikproduktion. Ihre Thesen exemplifiziert Macarthur durch die Analyse der Musik der Komponistinnen Sofia Gubaidulina, Elena Kats-Chernin und Anne Boyd sowie in der Auseinandersetzung mit den Bedingungen und Inhalten des gegenwärtigen Kompositionsunterrichts.

  4. RECOMMENDED FOUNDATION FILL MATERIALS CONSTRUCTION STANDARD OF THE FLORIDA RADON RESEARCH PROGRAM

    Science.gov (United States)

    The report summarizes the technical basis for a recommended foundation fill materials standard for new construction houses in Florida. he radon-control construction standard was developed by the Florida Radon Research Program (FRRP). ill material standards are formulated for: (1)...

  5. Rural Development Research: A Foundation for Policy. Contributions in Economics and Economic History, Number 170.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowley, Thomas D., Ed.; And Others

    This book addresses the need for research information that can be used as a foundation for rural development policy. Part I deals with the four components of rural development: education (human capital), entrepreneurship, physical infrastructure, and social infrastructure. Part II examines analytic methods of measuring rural development efforts,…

  6. Deconstructing the Elephant and the Flag in the Lavatory: Promises and Problems of Moral Foundations Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haste, Helen

    2013-01-01

    Moral Foundations research offers rich promise, opening up key questions about how affect and cognition are integrated in moral response, and exploring how different moral discourses may supply meaning and valence to moral experience. Haidt and his colleagues also associate different discourses with different political positions. However I address…

  7. Deconstructing the Elephant and the Flag in the Lavatory: Promises and Problems of Moral Foundations Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haste, Helen

    2013-01-01

    Moral Foundations research offers rich promise, opening up key questions about how affect and cognition are integrated in moral response, and exploring how different moral discourses may supply meaning and valence to moral experience. Haidt and his colleagues also associate different discourses with different political positions. However I address…

  8. Pre-Service Elementary Mathematics Teachers' Metaphors on Scientific Research and Foundations of Their Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bas, Fatih

    2016-01-01

    In this study, it is aimed to investigate pre-service elementary mathematics teachers' perceptions about scientific research with metaphor analysis and determine the foundations of these perceptions. This phenomenological study was conducted with 182 participants. The data were collected with two open-ended survey forms formed for investigating…

  9. INSTRUMENTS OF SUPPORT FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FUNDED BY LEADING DOMESTIC AND INTERNATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina E. Ilina

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: one of the key aspects of the knowledge economy development is the growing significance of the results of research and development. The education and basic research play a key role in this process. Funding for education and fundamental science is carried out mainly at the expense of the state resources, including a system of foundations for scientific, engineering and innovation activities in Russia. The purpose of this article is to present recommendations for improving the tools of domestic foundations in funding fundamental research and development, including education and training. The propositions are made with a comparative analysis of the domestic and foreign science foun dations’ activities. Materials and Methods: the authors used analysis, comparison, induction, deduction, graphical analysis, generalisation and other scientific methods during the study. Results: the lack of comparability between domestic and foreign scientific funds in the volume of funding allocated for basic research and development is revealed. This situation affects the scientific research. The foreign foundations have a wide range of instruments to support research projects at all stages of the life cycle of grants for education and training prior to release of an innovative product to market (the use of “innovation elevator” system. The Russian national scientific foundations have no such possibilities. The authors guess that the Russian organisations ignore some of the instruments for supporting research and development. Use of these tools could enhance the effectiveness of research projects. According to the study of domestic and foreign experience in supporting research and development, the authors proposed a matrix composed of instruments for support in the fields of basic scientific researches and education with such phases of the project life cycle as “research” and “development”. Discussion and Conclusions: the foreign science

  10. Glaucoma Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... IMPORTANT RESEARCH FINDING First Cellular Model of Exfoliation Glaucoma Research is advancing in the quest to find ... cure for exfoliation syndrome and its associated exfoliation glaucoma, the current focus of The Glaucoma Foundation. Exfoliation ...

  11. Building a Bright Future. The Hydro Research Foundation's Fellowship Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vaughn, Brenna [Hydro Research Foundation, Inc., Evergreen, CO (United States); Linke, Deborah M. [Hydro Research Foundation, Inc., Evergreen, CO (United States)

    2015-12-29

    The Hydro Fellowship Program (program) began as an experiment to discover whether the hydropower industry could find mechanisms to attract new entrants through conducting relevant research to benefit the industry. This nationwide, new-to-the-world program was started through funding from the Wind and Water Power Technologies Office of the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Office of the Department of Energy (DOE). Between 2010-2015, the Hydro Research Foundation (HRF) designed and implemented a program to conduct valuable research and attract new entrants to the hydro workforce. This historic grant has empowered and engaged industry members from 25 organizations by working with 91 students and advisors at 24 universities in 19 states. The work funded answered pressing research needs in the fields of civil, mechanical, environmental, and electrical engineering, as well as law, energy engineering and materials innovation. In terms of number of individuals touched through funding, 148 individuals were supported by this work through direct research, mentorship, oversight of the work, partnerships and the day-to-day program administration. Based on the program results, it is clear that the funding achieved the hoped-for outcomes and has the capacity to draw universities into the orbit of hydropower and continue the conversation about industry research and development needs. The Foundation has fostered unique partnerships at the host universities and has continued to thrive with the support of the universities, advisors, industry and the DOE. The Foundation has demonstrated industry support through mentorships, partnerships, underwriting the costs and articulating the universities’ support through in-kind cost sharing. The Foundation recommends that future work be continued to nurture these graduate level programs using the initial work and improvements in the successor program, the Research Awards Program, while stimulating engagement of academia at the

  12. Cross-Cultural Adaptations of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Treatment in Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saber

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background According to general ethical and legal principles, valid consent must be obtained before starting any procedure. Objectives Due to the lack of a standard tool for assessing patients’ capacity to consent to medical treatment in Iran, the present study was carried out aiming to devise a Persian version of a cross-cultural adaptation of the MacArthur competence assessment tool. Patients and Methods By reviewing different methods of cultural translation and adaptation for assessment tools, and due to the lack of consensus on its processes, we selected Wild’s model as one of the most comprehensive methods in this regard. Wild’s (2005 10-stage model includes preparation, forward translation, reconciliation of the forward translation, back translation of reconciliation, back translation review, cognitive debriefing and cognitive review, and finalization, proofreading and final reporting. Using this model, we translated the MacArthur assessment tool and made it adaptable to Iranian patients. Results The MacArthur assessment tool is not dependent on any specific culture and language. As a result, if translation and its scientific adaptation are done based on an integrated and detailed model, the tool can be used for every culture and language. In other words, this tool is not culture-specific; so, it is applicable in cases where a translation is needed, and it can be culturally adapted to suit different societies. Conclusions In the present study, we are able to focus on and prove the efficacy and benefits of this measurement tool.

  13. Corporate Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlin, Heidi; Thusgaard Pedersen, Janni

    2013-01-01

    This paper aims to explore the potential of Danish corporate foundations as boundary organizations facilitating relationships between their founding companies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Hitherto, research has been silent about the role of corporate foundations in relation to cross......-sector partnerships. The results of this paper are based on interviews, participant observations, and organizational documents from a 19-month empirical study of a Danish corporate foundation. Findings suggest that corporate foundations have potential to act as boundary organizations and facilitate collaborative...... action between business and NGOs through convening, translation, collaboration, and mediation. Our study provides valuable insights into the tri-part relationship of company foundation NGO by discussing the implications of corporate foundations taking an active role in the realm of corporate social...

  14. Technical foundation research on high resolution remote sensing system of China's coastal zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Xiaomei; LAN Rongqin; DU Yunyan; CHEN Xiufa

    2004-01-01

    China's coastal zone is a region with a highly developed economy that contrasts clearly with the slow paced regular investigation on its natural environment,which cannot keep pace with the requirement of economic development and modem management. Laying a theoretical foundation for the modem management of China's costal zone is aimed at.This research focuses on the following processing and analyzing technologies for coastal zone high-resolution remote sensing data: organization and management of large amounts of high-resolution remote sensing data, quick and precise spatial positioning system,algorithms for image fusion in feature level and coastal zone feature extraction. They will form a technical foundation of the system. And, ifcombined with other research results such as coastal zone remote sensing classification system and its mapping subsystem, an advanced technical frame for remote sensing investigation of coastal zone resource will be constructed.

  15. Research on Theoretical Foundation of Course Design on the Working Process-oriented Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Yanjun

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to research on the theoretical foundation of course design on the working process-oriented theory (WPOT). There are seven theories relevant to course design on the WPOT. They are: Multiple Intelligences Theory, Competence-based Education Theory, Experience Learning Theory, Factor Interest Theory, Action-oriented Teaching Theory, Learning Situation-Based Construction Theory, and Overall Thinking-Based Evaluation Theory.

  16. Hydro-Meteorology Research and ICT at CIMA Foundation: DEWETRA and DRIHMS experiences. (Invited)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parodi, A.; Boni, G.; Ferraris, L.; Rudari, R.; Siccardi, F.

    2010-12-01

    The mitigation of the effects of natural disasters can be achieved through the identification, analysis and understanding of the causes and of the underlying hydrological, meteorological, and chemical processes. This is why research at CIMA Foundation is particularly devoted to the observation of the environment using the most advanced remote sensing technologies currently available and to the reproduction of observed phenomena with numerical modeling approaches. To achieve its goals, research at CIMA Foundation is driven by Civil Protection applications and focuses on several topics, going from predictability of meteorological extremes to modelling and prediction of floods, through collection and observation of hydrometeorological variables, data fusion and data assimilation. In this framework, CIMA Foundation has designed, on behalf of the Italian Civil Protection Department, Dewetra which is a real-time integrated system for risk forecasting, monitoring and prevention. Dewetra HW and SW architecture is fully compliant with the requirement of a flexible Decision Support System, which through a multi-layer Graphical User Interface (GUI) can provide decision makers with high resolution and rapid refresh information of the expected and observed risk. This combination of research and operational expertises in hydrometeorology and intensive use of new technologies has brought CIMA Foundation closer to the ICT community. Under the motto of “Hydrometeorology and ICT: two worlds that should talk more together” the FP7 DRIHMS (Distributed Research Infrastructure for Hydro-Meteorology Study) aims to optimize the application of ICT technologies (including computer intensive frameworks for data sharing and new approaches for achieving model interoperability) in the study and comprehension of hydrometeorological processes. The main ideas of DEWETRA and DRIHMS will be discussed in this talk.

  17. Research on Theoretical Foundation of Course Design on the Working Process-oriented Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang; Yanjun

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to research on the theoretical foundation of course design on the working process-oriented theory(WPOT). There are seven theories relevant to course design on the WPOT. They are: Multiple Intelligences Theory, Competence-based Education Theory, Experience Learning Theory, Factor Interest Theory, Action-oriented Teaching Theory, Learning Situation-Based Construction Theory, and Overall Thinking-Based Evaluation Theory.

  18. Vasculitis Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Read More Click here to view full calendar Vasculitis Patient-Powered Research Network The V-PPRN seeks ... with various forms of vasculitis. Join The Network! Vasculitis Foundation News Introducing our 2017-2018 VCRC-VF ...

  19. ”Generalizability” as Recognition: Reflections on a Foundational Problem in Qualitative Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charlotte Delmar

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to develop what counts as “generalizability” in qualitative research. By taking an ontological and epistemic stance in relation to the four foundational problems: 1Knowledge and its various forms. 2 Properties of reality and the doubleness of the situation. 3 How is understanding possible? 4 The researcher’s role: What are the fundamental questions that the researcher must ask himself before a study is designed? we are able to approach the exploration of ”generalizability” in qualitative research. Methodological theorists agree that the question of applicability is essential in the discussion of “generalizability” in qualitative research. If the quantitative tradition’s requirement for replicability also has to be met, the pressing question during the article is what counts as replicability and applicability in qualitative research. In the exploration of what is involved in “generalizability” in qualitative research a combination of Gadamer and Flyvbjerg´s thinking are important sources for a reflection on the ontological and epistemic questions related to the four foundational problems. The ontological question of what establishes a situation is an essential interpretation for the finding. A situation is characterised by its quality of doubleness: it is unique and typical at the same time. People with each their unique story and life world constitute the uniqueness of the situation. And a situation is typical in the sense that fundamental experiences can be found in every situation. The typical is what we as people have in common. There will be typical traits and recogizable patterns in every situation. The finding show us that “generalizability” in qualitative research builds on recognisability and a challenge to practice as a practical reasoning.

  20. Greetings: 50 years of Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission–Radiation Effects Research Foundation studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shigematsu, Itsuzo

    1998-01-01

    The Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission was established in Hiroshima in 1947 and in Nagasaki in 1948 under the auspices of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences to initiate a long-term and comprehensive epidemiological and genetic study of the atomic bomb survivors. It was replaced in 1975 by the Radiation Effects Research Foundation which is a nonprofit Japanese foundation binationally managed and supported with equal funding by the governments of Japan and the United States. Thanks to the cooperation of the survivors and the contributions of a multitude of scientists, these studies flourish to this day in what must be the most successful long-term research collaboration between the two countries. Although these studies are necessarily limited to the effects of acute, whole-body, mixed gamma-neutron radiation from the atom bombs, their comprehensiveness and duration make them the most definitive descriptions of the late effects of radiation in humans. For this reason, the entire world relies heavily on these data to set radiation standards. As vital as the study results are, they still represent primarily the effects of radiation on older survivors. Another decade or two should correct this deficiency and allow us to measure definitively the human risk of heritable mutation from radiation. We look to the worldwide radiation and risk community as well as to the survivors who have contributed so much to what has been done already to accomplish this goal. PMID:9576897

  1. [Cohort studies of the atomic bomb survivors at the Radiation Effects Research Foundation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozasa, Kotaro

    2012-03-01

    The Radiation Effects Research Foundation has been evaluating the risk of atomic bomb radiation for various diseases since the beginning of its former organization, the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission. Cohorts of atomic-bomb survivors, in-utero survivors, and survivors' offspring have been followed up. The risk of all solid cancers at 1 Gy was estimated as ERR = 0.47 and EAR = 52/10,000 person-years for people who were exposed at 30 years of age and had reached 70 years of age, based on the cancer incidence during 1958-1998. The risk seemed to be increased in the in-utero survivors, but was rather lower than the risk for the survivors exposed at a young age. Effects on the offspring of survivors have not been shown to be significant. Continuing the research is important in order to more accurately estimate and understand radiation-induced health effects.

  2. Eclecticism as the foundation of meta-theoretical, mixed methods and interdisciplinary research in social sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroos, Karmo

    2012-03-01

    This article examines the value of "eclecticism" as the foundation of meta-theoretical, mixed methods and interdisciplinary research in social sciences. On the basis of the analysis of the historical background of the concept, it is first suggested that eclecticism-based theoretical scholarship in social sciences could benefit from the more systematic research method that has been developed for synthesizing theoretical works under the name metatheorizing. Second, it is suggested that the mixed methods community could base its research approach on philosophical eclecticism instead of pragmatism because the basic idea of eclecticism is much more in sync with the nature of the combined research tradition. Finally, the Kuhnian frame is used to support the argument for interdisciplinary research and, hence, eclecticism in social sciences (rather than making an argument against multiple paradigms). More particularly, it is suggested that integrating the different (inter)disciplinary traditions and schools into one is not necessarily desirable at all in social sciences because of the complexity and openness of the research field. If it is nevertheless attempted, experience in economics suggests that paradigmatic unification comes at a high price.

  3. Evaluation of the National Science Foundation's Partnerships for International Research and Education (PIRE) Program, Volume 2: Supplementary Materials. Final Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez, Alina; Epstein, Carter; Parsad, Amanda

    2015-01-01

    The National Science Foundation contracted with Abt Associates to conduct an evaluation of its Partnerships for International Research and Education (PIRE) program, which supports intellectually substantive collaborations between U.S. and foreign researchers in which the international partnership is essential to the research effort. The evaluation…

  4. Rheumatology Research Foundation Clinician Scholar Educator Award: Fifteen Years Promoting Rheumatology Educators and Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berman, Jessica R; O'Rourke, Kenneth S; Kolasinski, Sharon L; Aizer, Juliet; Wheatley, Mary J; Battistone, Michael J; Siaton, Bernadette C; Criscione-Schreiber, Lisa; Pillinger, Michael H; Lazaro, Deana M

    2016-11-01

    The Rheumatology Research Foundation's Clinician Scholar Educator (CSE) award is a 3-year career development award supporting medical education research while providing opportunities for mentorship and collaboration. Our objective was to document the individual and institutional impact of the award since its inception, as well as its promise to strengthen the subspecialty of rheumatology. All 60 CSE Award recipients were surveyed periodically. Fifty-six of those 60 awardees (90%) responded to requests for survey information that included post-award activities, promotions, and further funding. Data were also collected from yearly written progress reports for each grant. Of the total CSE recipients to date, 48 of 60 (80%) are adult rheumatologists, 11 of 60 (18%) are pediatric rheumatologists, and 1 is an adult and pediatric rheumatologist. Two-thirds of survey respondents spend up to 30% of their total time in educational activities, and one-third spend greater than 30%. Thirty-one of the 60 CSE recipients (52%) have published a total of 86 medical education papers. Twenty-six of 52 (50%) had received an academic promotion following the award. Eleven awardees earned advanced degrees. We describe the creation and evolution of a grant program from a medical subspecialty society foundation and the impact on producing education research, individual identity formation, and ongoing support for educators. This community of rheumatology scholar educators now serves as an important resource at the national level for the American College of Rheumatology and its membership. We believe that this grant may serve as a model for other medical societies that want to promote education scholarship and leadership within their specialties. © 2016, American College of Rheumatology.

  5. Environmental Science and Research Foundation annual technical report to DOE-ID, January , 1995--December 31, 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-06-01

    The foundation conducts an environmental monitoring and surveillance program over an area covering much of the upper Snake River Plain and provide environmental education and support services related to INEL natural resource issues. Also, the foundation, with its university affiliates, conducts ecological and radioecological research on the Idaho National Environmental Research Park. This research benefits major DOE-ID programs including waste management, environmental restoration, spent nuclear fuels, and land management issues. Major accomplishments during CY1995 can be divided into five categories: environmental surveillance program, environmental education, environmental services and support, ecological risk assessment, and research benefitting the DOE-ID mission.

  6. The Barrett Foundation: Undergraduate Research Program for Environmental Engineers and Scientists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzo, D. M.; Paul, M.; Farmer, C.; Larson, P.; Matt, J.; Sentoff, K.; Vazquez-Spickers, I.; Pearce, A. R.

    2007-12-01

    A new program sponsored by The Barrett Foundation in the University of Vermont College of Engineering and Mathematical Sciences (UVM) supports undergraduate students in Environmental Engineering, Earth and Environmental Sciences to pursue independent summer research projects. The Barrett Foundation, a non-profit organization started by a UVM Engineering alum, provided a grant to support undergraduate research. Students must work with at least two different faculty advisors to develop project ideas, then independently prepare a research proposal and submit it to a faculty panel for review. The program was structured as a scholarship to foster a competitive application process. In the last three years, fourteen students have participated in the program. The 2007 Barrett Scholars projects include: - Using bacteria to change the chemistry of subsurface media to encourage calcite precipitation for soil stability and pollutant sequestration - Assessing structural weaknesses in a historic post and beam barn using accelerometers and wireless data collection equipment - Using image processing filters to 1) evaluate leaf wetness, a leading indicator of disease in crops and 2) assess the movement of contaminants through building materials. - Investigating the impact of increased water temperature on cold-water fish species in two Vermont streams. - Studying the impacts of light duty vehicle tailpipe emissions on air quality This program supports applied and interdisciplinary environmental research and introduces students to real- world engineering problems. In addition, faculty from different research focuses are presented the opportunity to establish new collaborations around campus through the interdisciplinary projects. To date, there is a successful publication record from the projects involving the Barrett scholars, including students as authors. One of the objectives of this program was to provide prestigious, competitive awards to outstanding undergraduate engineers

  7. The Development of the Foundations of Modern Pedagogy: Paradigmal and Methodological Aspects of Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ТamaraА. Dmitrenko

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Changes in the various fields of knowledge influenced the pedagogical science. The article explains the structure of the foundations of modern pedagogy through paradigmal and methodological aspects. Bases of modern pedagogy include complex of paradigms, object and subject of science, general and specific principles, methods and technologies. Paradigmal analysis of bases of modern pedagogy showed that paradigms performed informational, instrumental and technological functions through connections with factors, approaches and principles accordingly.The research of methodological aspect of bases of modern pedagogics allowed to define the structure of the methodological system and main characteristics of the pedagogical system. In the article considers specific principles of optimality, optimization, adaptation and rules of their use in a pedagogical theory and practice.

  8. Identifying Research Priorities: Themes and Directions for the TESOL International Research Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, G. Richard; Lightbown, Patsy M.; Snow, Catherine; Christian, Donna; de Bot, Kees; Lynch, Brian K.; Nunan, David; Duff, Patricia A.; Freeman, Donald; Bailey, Kathleen M.

    2001-01-01

    Highlights research priorities for the Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) field, including the following: age of beginning instruction, learning to read in a second language, dual-language education for English language learners, language assessment and program evaluation, English as a global language, learning English for…

  9. Engineering aesthetics and aesthetic ergonomics: theoretical foundations and a dual-process research methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yili

    Although industrial and product designers are keenly aware of the importance of design aesthetics, they make aesthetic design decisions largely on the basis of their intuitive judgments and "educated guesses". Whilst ergonomics and human factors researchers have made great contributions to the safety, productivity, ease-of-use, and comfort of human-machine-environment systems, aesthetics is largely ignored as a topic of systematic scientific research in human factors and ergonomics. This article discusses the need for incorporating the aesthetics dimension in ergonomics and proposes the establishment of a new scientific and engineering discipline that we can call "engineering aesthetics". This discipline addresses two major questions: How do we use engineering and scientific methods to study aesthetics concepts in general and design aesthetics in particular? How do we incorporate engineering and scientific methods in the aesthetic design and evaluation process? This article identifies two special features that distinguish aesthetic appraisal of products and system designs from aesthetic appreciation of art, and lays out a theoretical foundation as well as a dual-process research methodology for "engineering aesthetics". Sample applications of this methodology are also described.

  10. [Relationship between disease burden and research funding through the Health Research Foundation in Spain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-García, Teresa; Moreno-Casbas, Teresa; González-María, Esther; Fuentelsaz-Gallego, Carmen

    2014-01-01

    To analyze the relationship between burden of disease during 2007-2009 and public funding of research in health in Spain during 2008-2010. Descriptive cross-sectional study of burden of disease and funding allocated for research in diseases in the Spanish National Health System. A review was made of a total of 6,573 project titles funded for the years 2008, 2009 and 2010. During this period, a total of 472.7 million Euros were assigned as grants for research projects. Malignant tumors and neuropsychiatric diseases were the illnesses with greatest funding support. During the study period, it was estimated that there was a total of 15,253,331.3 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in Spain, with neuropsychiatric diseases being the category representing most DALYs with 4,396,900 (28.8%). The relationship between funding and DALYs was obtained with a Pearson r equal to 0.759 (p<0.001). The study of congenital diseases had higher funding per DALY than any other disease with an investment of 290.4€/DALY. Among these, the study of cleft palate and esophageal atresia, with ratios of 3,432.7€/DALY and 3,387.6€/DALY respectively, obtained the greatest funding. The study shows that the relative distribution of economic resources in the study period is consistent with the burden suffered by the Spanish population. This relationship is altered by the funding of the study of congenital anomalies, because of the low number of projects in this area. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  11. [Fundamental research in nursing sciences. Historical research on the foundations of a discipline].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadot, Michel

    2012-06-01

    For lack of serious fundamental research in History on the standardization of its own discipline, the nursing profession continues to be fed by clichés, common sense, and relies on symbols and faiths stemming from the past as well as on what characterizes in a general way the female careers in our society. The lack of recognition experienced by the nursing profession is not so surprising from then on. At the time of the globalization of knowledge, which remains to this day, the only source of sustainable competitive advantage, the historian of the nursing discipline should start wondering about the international status of his discipline within the learned worlds.

  12. Engaging Girls in STEM: A Discussion of Foundational and Current Research on What Works

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, K.; Jesse, J.; Migus, L. H.

    2012-08-01

    Diversity in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education and careers occupies center stage in national discussions on U.S. competitiveness in the 21st century. Women constitute roughly half the total workforce in the U.S., but they hold just 25% of mathematical and science jobs and 11% of engineering jobs. Women earn nearly 60% of all bachelors and masters degrees, except in physics, computer science, and engineering, where the percentages are 20-25%. This disparity is even more pronounced at the doctoral level, where women earn fewer than 20% of awarded Ph.D.'s in physics or engineering. However, at the high school level, there is far less gender disparity: both female and male students take comparable advanced physical science and math courses. What, then, accounts for the lack of gender diversity in STEM advanced education and career paths? In fact, there is no consensus even among experts. So, what information and strategies do the EPO community need to know and include as part of designing and implementing programs to encourage more girls and women to engage in STEM for the long term? The panelists will discuss foundational and current research on pressing questions on why these trends exist and what can be done to change them. They will highlight research and evaluation results from programs that are successfully engaging girls in STEM.

  13. [Review and analysis of transplant biological research projects funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Weihua; Sun, Ruijuan; Dong, Erdan

    2015-08-01

    To study the funding and achievements in the field of organ transplantation support by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC). A search of NSFC database was made by using the key word "transplantation" and excluding "bone marrow transplantation" for the projects funded between 1988 and 2013. SCI indexed publications that marked with NSFC project number were collected by searching each grant number in the database of the Web of Science. Six hundreds fifty-five projects were identified and received about 220 million yuan in grant funding. These funded research projects were distributed among 25 provinces and autonomous regions, however, which were mainly in the developed coastal areas; of them, 43 (6.56%) projects were granted in xenotransplantation and 17 projects (2.60%) were funded in the field of traditional Chinese medicine-related organ transplantation; Transplantation on blood vessels, heart, kidney, liver, lung, small intestine, pancreatic, cornea, trachea, skin, etc. were primarily performed in research. Nine hundreds and sixty-one SCI-indexed publications were achieved. Magnitude and intensity of NSFC funding, output of SCI publications have been increasing, suggesting that NSFC positively promotes the development of organ transplantation. Although a great progress of transplantation has been made, basic and translational studies should be vigorously strengthened.

  14. The A.A.A.A. [American Association of Advertising Agencies] Educational Foundation Grants: Purpose, Results, Application; On the 22 Research Grants Awarded by the Foundation from 1968 through 1973, with Bibliographies of Published Material Which Resulted from the Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinkham, Spencer F.

    The Educational Foundation of the American Association of Advertising Agencies was established by the Association's board to foster the accomplishment of six major goals: to create a bridge between advertising and university research, to attract top young people to the study of advertising, to raise the academic stature of advertising, to enlarge…

  15. The Danish Industrial Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Steen

    Industrial foundations are foundations that own companies. Typically, they combine charitable and business goals. This book is about industrial foundation ownership of business companies and what we can learn about it from the Danish evidence. It is about how foundation ownership is ruled, taxed...... and governed, what role it plays in the Danish economy, and how industrial foundation-owned companies perform. The book is the result of a large collaborative research project, led by the author, on industrial foundations. Some global companies such as IKEA, Robert Bosch or the Tata Group are foundation...

  16. College and University Planning. Report on a Joint Study by Colgate University and American Foundation for Management Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Robert G.

    In an effort to develop a new approach to comprehensive college and university planning, Colgate University and the American Foundation for Management Research (AFMR) undertook a joint study that involved (1) an intensive investigation of planning practices at selected colleges and universities, (2) a review of the available literature on…

  17. 75 FR 79025 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Limo Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-17

    ... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993--Limo Foundation Notice is hereby given that, on November 2, 2010, pursuant to Section 6(a) of the National..., JAPAN; and Motorola, Inc., Libertyville, IL, have withdrawn as parties to this venture. No other...

  18. 75 FR 54914 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-LiMo Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-09

    ... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993--LiMo Foundation Notice is hereby given that, on July 1, 2010, pursuant to section 6(a) of the National Cooperative... Data MSE Corporation, Yokohama, Japan; STEricsson AB, Lund, Sweden, have been added as parties to...

  19. RECOMMENDED FOUNDATION BARRIER CONSTRUCTION STANDARD OF THE FLORIDA RADON RESEARCH PROGRAM

    Science.gov (United States)

    The report give results of a study to determine the causes of cracking in slab-on-grade construction, particularly for single-family residential structures in Florida, and to recommend a foundation barrier construction standard to minimize such cracking.

  20. Building America Special Research Project—High-R Foundations Case Study Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jonathan Smegal/John Straube

    2010-08-20

    This report considers a number of promising foundation and basement insulation strategies that can meet the requirement for better thermal control in colder climates while enhancing moisture control, health, and comfort.

  1. Research on deformation prediction method of soft soil deep foundation pit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Feng-hai; ZHENG Yan; YANG Fan

    2008-01-01

    In view of the characteristics of soft soil deep foundation pit for the construction and geotechnical characteristics of the special medium,it is difficult to calculate theoretically accurately structural deformation of the foundation pit,so in the course of excavation on the construction of the information is particularly important.The analysis and comparison of several popular non-linear forecasting methods,combined with the actual projects,set up a grey theoretical prediction model,time series forecasting model,improved neural network model to predict deformation of the foundation pit.The results show that the use of neural network to predict with high accuracy solution,it is the foundation deformation prediction effective way in underground works with good prospects.

  2. Research on deformation prediction method of soft soil deep foundation pit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Feng-hai; ZHENG Yan; YANG Fan

    2008-01-01

    In view of the characteristics of soft soil deep foundation pit for the construction and geotechnical characteristics of the special medium, it is difficult to calculate theoreti-cally accurately structural deformation of the foundation pit, so in the course of excavation on the construction of the information is particularly important. The analysis and compari-son of several popular non-linear forecasting methods, combined with the actual projects, set up a grey theoretical prediction model, time series forecasting model, improved neural network model to predict deformation of the foundation pit. The results show that the use of neural network to predict with high accuracy solution, it is the foundation deformation prediction effective way in underground works with good prospects.

  3. Research Misconduct in National Science Foundation Funded Research: A Mixed-Methods Analysis of 2007-2011 Research Awards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masters, Elizabeth A.

    2013-01-01

    Research is an important aspect of academic institutions as it brings funding, reputation, and other benefits to the associated establishment. Research misconduct in the form of plagiarism, fabrication, and falsification can occur in association with research, along with subsequent penalties. The problem of the poorly established prevalence of the…

  4. Research Misconduct in National Science Foundation Funded Research: A Mixed-Methods Analysis of 2007-2011 Research Awards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masters, Elizabeth A.

    2013-01-01

    Research is an important aspect of academic institutions as it brings funding, reputation, and other benefits to the associated establishment. Research misconduct in the form of plagiarism, fabrication, and falsification can occur in association with research, along with subsequent penalties. The problem of the poorly established prevalence of the…

  5. Taking stock of the ethical foundations of international health research: pragmatic lessons from the IU-Moi Academic Research Ethics Partnership.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meslin, Eric M; Were, Edwin; Ayuku, David

    2013-09-01

    It is a sine qua non that research and health care provided in international settings raise profound ethical questions when different cultural and political values are implicated. Yet ironically, as international health research expands and as research on ethical issues in international health research broadens and deepens, we appear to have moved away from discussing the moral foundations of these activities. For international health research to thrive and lead to the kind of benefits it is capable of, it is helpful to occasionally revisit the foundational premises that justify the enterprise as a whole. We draw on the experience of the Indiana University-Moi University Academic Research Ethics Partnership, an innovative bioethics training program co-located in Indianapolis and Eldoret, Kenya to highlight the changing nature of ethical issues in international health research and the ongoing practical challenges.

  6. Interdisciplinary Foundations: Reflecting on Interdisciplinarity and Three Decades of Teaching and Research at Griffith University, Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franks, Daniel; Dale, Patricia; Hindmarsh, Richard; Fellows, Christine; Buckridge, Margaret; Cybinski, Patti

    2007-01-01

    Interdisciplinarity is widely practised and theorised. However, relatively few studies have reflected on university-wide attempts to foster the concept. This article examines interdisciplinary teaching and learning at Griffith University, Australia. It reflects on the foundations of interdisciplinarity at the university and situates them within…

  7. The Cornerstone Project: Building a Foundation for Urban Adolescent Learning. Research Report #14.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Acosta, Martha

    The Cornerstone Project was developed to build a strong foundation for urban adolescent student learning through staff development and student leadership development. This report summarizes its implementation and objectives and considers the responses of students and teachers. The program was developed at the Martin Luther King Law and Public…

  8. The origin of the medical research grant in the United States: the Rockefeller Foundation and the NIH Extramural Funding Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, William H

    2015-04-01

    The establishment of National Institutes of Health (NIH) extramural grants in the second half of the twentieth century marked a signal shift in support for medical research in the United States and created an influential model for the rest of the world. A similar landmark development occurred in the first half of the twentieth century with the creation of the Rockefeller Foundation and its funding programs for medical research. The programs and support of the foundation had a dramatic impact on medical research in the United States and globally. This paper examines early connections between these two developments. The NIH grants have usually been seen as having their roots primarily in the government programs of the Second World War. This article finds direct and indirect influence by the Rockefeller Foundation, as well as parallel developments in these two monumental programs of support for medical research. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  9. A Good Foundation for Number Learning for Five-Year-Olds? An Evaluation of the English Early Learning "Numbers" Goal in the Light of Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gifford, Sue

    2014-01-01

    This article sets out to evaluate the English Early Years Foundation Stage Goal for Numbers, in relation to research evidence. The Goal, which sets out to provide "a good foundation in mathematics", has greater breadth of content and higher levels of difficulty than previous versions. Research suggests that the additional expectations…

  10. 26th Annual GCSSEPM Foundation Bob F.Perkins Research Conference on "Reservoir characterization:integrating technology and business practices"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Roger M. Slatt

    2007-01-01

    @@ The 2006 26th Annual GCSSEPM Foundation Bob F. Perkins Research Conference on "Reservoir characterization: Integrating technology and business practices" presented a solid testimonial to how far we have advanced in the technologies and practices of reservoir characterization since the 1990 AAPG-SEG-SPE-SPWLA 1st Archie Conference on "Integration of Geology, Geophysics, Petrophysics, and Petroleum Engineering in Reservoir Delineation, Description and Management".

  11. Technical research on control of caisson construction for the middle tower foundation of Taizhou Bridge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jianbo; Yang Yanhua; Zhang Yongtao; Du Song

    2011-01-01

    The real-time informational monitoring system is adopted in the construction of middle tower foundation of Taizhou Bridge for the first time. The geometric state of the caisson, the stress of upstream and downstream anchorage cables, underwater topography, the drag forces of the caisson cutting edge and frictional resistances of the sidewall and etc. are monitored in real time. According to the synthesized data analysis and decision-making system, the spatial states of the caisson are adjusted in time to locate and embed the deep water caisson precisely. The offset error of the caisson is less than 30 cm and the vertical error is 1/363 at the final stage. The control technology for construction of large caisson under deep water is concluded and would be helpful for the construction of bridge foundation in the future.

  12. Progress of basic research in Parkinson's disease in China: data mini-review from the National Natural Science Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Heqi; Chen, Gang; Dong, Erdan

    2013-08-30

    This review is to analyze the role of National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) on the development of basic research of Parkinson's disease from 1990 to 2012. Data on the total number of projects and funding of NSFC allocated to Parkinson's disease, as well as hotspots in western countries, papers published, awards, personnel training, subject construction were collected, and the role of NSFC on other sources of funding was evaluated. Over the past 23 years, a full range of continuous funding from NSFC has led to fruitful results and a strong impetus to the progress of basic research of Parkinson's disease.

  13. The Monopod Bucket Foundation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bakmar, Christian LeBlanc; Ahle, Kim; Nielsen, Søren A.;

    2009-01-01

    Following the successful installation of a prototype of a monopod bucket foundation, also called a “monopod suction caisson”, at Horns Rev 2 Offshore Wind Farm, Denmark, in 2009, DONG Energy is currently developing a commercialization strategy. The monopod bucket foundation is a promising...... foundation concept for offshore wind turbines and can be installed using suction assisted penetration, combined with other installation methods. This selfinstalling foundation concept, may avoid the use of expensive jack-ups and scour protection, and thus significantly reduces installation costs. However......, further research, development and prototype testing are required, before the monopod bucket foundation can be commercialized....

  14. [Geneticists in the service of war? The German Research Foundation, the Reich Research Council, and policy changes in research on heredity].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cottebrune, Anne

    2005-01-01

    Historical research has hitherto focused on the specific contribution of human genetics research to National Socialist racial hygiene. During the Third Reich this field had a key position and received very substantial financial support from the government. However, this state sponsorship during the Nazi period was not constant, as documents from the most important public funding organizations for academic research in Germany, the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) and the Reich Research Council (Reichsforschungsrat) show. Human genetics saw a reduction in sponsorship as the government shifted its spending towards preparations for the war. Accordingly, many human geneticists and racial hygienists were unable to continue their research or were forced to change the focus of their work. It is also important to note that much of the available funds were concentrated on the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics. This essay analyzes the institutional context of science policy as well as the dynamics between the science of human heredity and Nazi politics during the war.

  15. Getting Its Ducks in a Row? Qatar Foundation's Agreement with HEC Paris and the Launch of the Qatar Foundation Management, Education and Research Centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Observatory on Borderless Higher Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    Last week, private, non-profit organisation the Qatar Foundation (QF) announced a partnership agreement with French business institution HEC Paris to offer executive education programmes. According to the terms of the agreement, a full-time faculty will provide executive and short certificate programmes and corporate-specific training, including…

  16. The New Aphrodite school on Disasters Food and Poverty organized by CIMA Research Foundation and University of Genova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boni, G.

    2009-04-01

    CIMA is a Research Foundation which aim is to advance science and engineering in environmentally related fields, focusing on public health and safety, civil protection and the preservation of terrestrial and water-related ecosystems. This aim is accomplished through scientific research, technology transfer and high level training services. Here we present the "New Aphrodite school on Disasters Food and Poverty" jointly managed by CIMA Foundation, and the University of Genova. The school is organized to provide to international students, professionals and government officials, mainly from poor or developing countries, formation for the management, prediction and prevention of natural and man made disasters. The expertise of the teachers, mainly CIMA's researchers, comes from a long term support of CIMA Foundation to the Italian Civil Protection in developing the advanced national system for risk prediction, prevention and management. The school is organized in two levels. The first level includes an international master of science degree in "Environmental Engineering: Sustainable Development and Risk Management", which classes are given in English, and a master for professional and government officials in "Disasters, food and poverty". The second level includes an international Ph.D. programme in "Information sciences and technologies for system monitoring and environmental risk management". Short training courses for international government official are periodically organized. At present the school is organizing short courses for officials of Civil Protections of Venezuela, Barbados and Mozambique. The philosophy underlying the teaching activities is to promote a multi-disciplinary approach to disaster mitigation, prevention and prediction. Special focus is on the potential of high-tech low-cost technologies for rapid communication and disaster monitoring, such as satellite based technologies. Such technologies are seen as the best way to support the development

  17. Cold Climate Foundation Retrofit Experimental Hygrothermal Performance. Cloquet Residential Research Facility Laboratory Results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldberg, Louise F. [NorthernSTAR, St. Paul, MN (United States); Harmon, Anna C. [NorthernSTAR, St. Paul, MN (United States)

    2015-04-09

    This project was funded jointly by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). ORNL focused on developing a full basement wall system experimental database to enable others to validate hygrothermal simulation codes. NREL focused on testing the moisture durability of practical basement wall interior insulation retrofit solutions for cold climates. The project has produced a physically credible and reliable long-term hygrothermal performance database for retrofit foundation wall insulation systems in zone 6 and 7 climates that are fully compliant with the performance criteria in the 2009 Minnesota Energy Code. These data currently span the period from November 10, 2012 through May 31, 2014 and are anticipated to be extended through November 2014. The experimental data were configured into a standard format that can be published online and that is compatible with standard commercially available spreadsheet and database software.

  18. Grouting for Pile Foundation Improvement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Stoel, A.E.C.

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this research was to examine the use of grouting methods for pile foundation improvement, a generic term that is used here to define both foundation renovation (increasing the bearing capacity of a pile foundation that has insufficient bearing capacity) and foundation protection (safeguar

  19. Impact of a Foundation-Level MSW Research Course on Students' Critical Appraisal Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Charles A.; Cohen-Callow, Amy; Hall, Diane M. Harnek; Hayward, R. Anna

    2007-01-01

    Evidence-based practice (EBP) has increasingly been put forth as a new paradigm of social work practice. One of the critical elements of EBP is the ability of consumers of research to be able to critically appraise research evidence. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the extent to which an introductory MSW research methods…

  20. Analysis of the National Science Foundation's Discovery Research K-12 ELL Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caswell, Linda; Martinez, Alina; Lee, Okhee; Berns, Barbara Brauner; Rhodes, Hilary

    2016-01-01

    Background/Context: Educational and societal phenomena can converge to draw attention to a new focus, such as ELs and STEM, and then trigger new research interests. A funding program can play a critical role in shaping these new research interests by prioritizing specific research topics and designs or by requiring particular specializations of…

  1. Takina te Kawa: Laying the Foundation, a Research Engagement Methodology in Aotearoa (New Zealand)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taiwhati, Marama; Toia, Rawiri; Te Maro, Pania; McRae, Hiria; McKenzie, Tabitha

    2010-01-01

    In the bi-cultural context of Aotearoa (New Zealand), engagement with stakeholders that is transparent and culturally responsive is a priority for educational research. More common research approaches in New Zealand have followed a Western euro-centric model of engagement with research participants resulting in interventions and initiatives that…

  2. Cold Climate Foundation Retrofit Experimental Hygrothermal Performance: Cloquet Residential Research Facility Laboratory Results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldberg, Louise F. [NorthernSTAR, St. Paul, MN (United States); Harmon, Anna C. [NorthernSTAR, St. Paul, MN (United States)

    2015-04-01

    Thermal and moisture problems in existing basements create a unique challenge because the exterior face of the wall is not easily or inexpensively accessible. This approach addresses thermal and moisture management from the interior face of the wall without disturbing the exterior soil and landscaping. the interior and exterior environments. This approach has the potential for improving durability, comfort, and indoor air quality. This project was funded jointly by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). ORNL focused on developing a full basement wall system experimental database to enable others to validate hygrothermal simulation codes. NREL focused on testing the moisture durability of practical basement wall interior insulation retrofit solutions for cold climates. The project has produced a physically credible and reliable long-term hygrothermal performance database for retrofit foundation wall insulation systems in zone 6 and 7 climates that are fully compliant with the performance criteria in the 2009 Minnesota Energy Code. The experimental data were configured into a standard format that can be published online and that is compatible with standard commercially available spreadsheet and database software.

  3. Diabetic nephropathy research in China: Data analysis and review from the National Natural Science Foundation of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan, Qiang; Xu, Yanying; Dong, Erdan

    2015-05-01

    As the largest funding agency of natural science of China, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) has made great efforts in promoting the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN) research in recent years. The aim of the current study is to summarize the diabetic nephropathy research in China by analyzing NSFC-funded projects. Data on all projects in the DN field funded by NSFC from 1986 to 2013 were collected. The funding tendency, funding areas, and hotspots in the DN field, and major research institutions, were analyzed. As one output of this support, outstanding research groups in China, and their representative studies, are also highlighted. From 1986 to 2013, the NSFC has funded a total of 248 projects in the DN field, with a total funding amount of 91.5 million RMB (US$14.9 million). A rapid increase could be seen in the past 5 years, with an average annual 30% increase in projects numbers and a 52% increase in funding amount. All fields in DN research have been covered by the NSFC, including etiology, pathophysiology, diagnostics, and therapeutics. Along with increased funding of the DN research, there has been a growth in the papers published in Science Citation Index journals by Chinese scholars. In the past decade, the funding scale and funding budget have increased dramatically. Benefiting from this, DN research in China has also made considerable progression.

  4. Survivor-Controlled Research: A New Foundation for Thinking about Psychiatry and Mental Health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasna Russo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Survivor-controlled research in the field of mental health can be perceived as the most extended development of participatory research. This is not only because it does away with the role of research subjects, but because the experiential knowledge (as opposed to clinical acquires a central role throughout the whole research process—from the design to the analysis and the interpretation of outcomes stages. The first part of this article provides some background information about the context and development of user/survivor-controlled research in the UK. In the second part, the discussion focuses on the first two German studies which apply this research methodology in the field of psychiatry. Both studies are used as examples of the approach, which favors closeness to the subject as opposed to "scientific distance." The overall objective of this paper is to outline the general achievements and challenges of survivor-controlled research. Arguing for the value of this research approach I hope to demonstrate the ways in which it raises fundamental issues related to conventional knowledge production and challenges the nature of what counts as psychiatric evidence. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs120187

  5. The Delaware River Basin Collaborative Environmental Monitoring and Research Initiative: Foundation Document

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peter S. Murdoch; Jennifer C. Jenkins; Richard A. Birdsey

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Forest Service, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the National Park Service formed the Collaborative Environmental Monitoring and Research Initiative (CEMRI) to test strategies for integrated environmental monitoring among the agencies. The initiative combined monitoring and research efforts of the participating Federal programs to evaluate health and...

  6. Using Microbial Genome Annotation as a Foundation for Collaborative Student Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Kelynne E.; Richardson, John M.

    2013-01-01

    We used the Integrated Microbial Genomes Annotation Collaboration Toolkit as a framework to incorporate microbial genomics research into a microbiology and biochemistry course in a way that promoted student learning of bioinformatics and research skills and emphasized teamwork and collaboration as evidenced through multiple assessment mechanisms.…

  7. An Education Foundations Course and Teacher Research: Addressing the Impact of Local Homelessness on Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smart-Morstad, Karla; Triggs, Sara; Langlie, Teri

    2017-01-01

    Homeless education is studied through qualitative teacher research. This article reports the perspectives and experiences of a school administrator, social worker, teacher, and Family Shelter school-to-shelter liaison in describing their experiences with homeless elementary students and their parents. College faculty did the research to prepare…

  8. Editorial research and the publication process in biomedicine and health: Report from the Esteve Foundation Discussion Group, December 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marušić, Ana; Malički, Mario; von Elm, Erik

    2014-01-01

    Despite the fact that there are more than twenty thousand biomedical journals in the world, research into the work of editors and publication process in biomedical and health care journals is rare. In December 2012, the Esteve Foundation, a non-profit scientific institution that fosters progress in pharmacotherapy by means of scientific communication and discussion organized a discussion group of 7 editors and/or experts in peer review biomedical publishing. They presented findings of past editorial research, discussed the lack of competitive funding schemes and specialized journals for dissemination of editorial research, and reported on the great diversity of misconduct and conflict of interest policies, as well as adherence to reporting guidelines. Furthermore, they reported on the reluctance of editors to investigate allegations of misconduct or increase the level of data sharing in health research. In the end, they concluded that if editors are to remain gatekeepers of scientific knowledge they should reaffirm their focus on the integrity of the scientific record and completeness of the data they publish. Additionally, more research should be undertaken to understand why many journals are not adhering to editorial standards, and what obstacles editors face when engaging in editorial research.

  9. Review: Heinz Bonfadelli (2002). Medieninhaltsforschung. Grundlagen, Methoden, Anwendungen [Media Content Research. Foundations, Methods, Applications

    OpenAIRE

    Mike Steffen Schäfer

    2005-01-01

    The volume presents itself as an introduction to "media content research", i.e., an intersection of research traditions with an interest in a specific type of data: media content. Aiming to be a presentation of different methods and methodologies and different theories and fields of application, the volume mainly serves as a reference book. Different approaches are introduced and presented alongside each other. However, linkages between them are seldom shown. The presentation of empirical wor...

  10. The American Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Foundation Scholars Program: additional data on research-related outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pion, Georgine M; Hammond, Charles B

    2005-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to ascertain the progress of recipients of research training in obstetrics and gynecology in establishing an active research career in academic medicine. Existing data were used to examine the extent to which 41 individuals who had received American Association of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Foundation (AAOGF) fellowships had achieved outcomes indicative of a career in academic medicine. Outcomes included employment as a full-time faculty member, receipt of NIH research funding, number of publications, the types of journals in which these articles had appeared, and the type of research (eg, basic vs patient-oriented). Among individuals who were awarded their fellowship between 1984 and 1997, 88% held faculty appointments, and 40% of these positions were in institutions that were more research-intensive that the medical degree-granting institutions of fellows. Slightly more than half of former fellows had successfully competed for NIH research funding, with 22% being awarded at least one R01 grant. Overall, fellows produced a total of 878 articles, one third of which appeared in clinical journals, 18% were in basic biomedical research journals, and 48% were in journals that published both types of research. Previous AAOGF scholars have actively pursued research careers in academic obstetrics and gynecology. Their performance compares favorably with those of individuals receiving research training in other clinical specialties. A more complete understanding of their performance and the value added by the program would be possible if a core set of data on outcomes were available from other types of training efforts in both obstetrics and gynecology and other relevant disciplines.

  11. Promoting research in advanced dementia: early clinical results of the Alzheimer Center Reina Sofía Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olazarán, Javier; Agüera-Ortiz, Luis; Osorio, Ricardo S; León-Salas, Beatriz; Dobato, José Luis; Cruz-Orduña, Isabel; González, Belén; Valentí, Meritxell; Gil-Ruiz, Nuria; Frades, Belén; Ramos-García, M I; Martínez-Martín, Pablo

    2012-01-01

    The Alzheimer Center Reina Sofía Foundation (ACRSF) was envisaged to address the complex and multi-disciplinary research and care needs posed by Alzheimer's disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative dementias. Patients may be admitted at ACRSF either as inpatients (i.e., nursing home) or outpatients (i.e., day-care center). The research program includes clinical, social, biochemical, genetic, and magnetic resonance investigations, as well as brain donation. We present the inception of the clinical research protocol for the ACRSF, the early results, and the amendments to the protocol. Foreseen as distinct populations, inpatient and outpatient results are presented separately. Data were collected from 180 patients (153 inpatients, 27 outpatients) (86% AD), with informed consent for participation in the research program of the ACRSF. Most patients (95%) had moderate to severe dementia. Nursing home patients were older, displayed marked gait dysfunction, and were significantly more dependent in the activities of daily living (ADL), compared to the day-care patients (p dementia. New measurements were added for evaluation of cognition, apathy, agitation, depression, ADL, motor function, and QoL. The final assessment is expected to be sensitive to change in all the clinical aspects of advanced degenerative dementia, to promote multidisciplinary and, desirably, inter-center collaborative research and, eventually, to contribute to the improvement of treatment and care for these patients.

  12. 31 March 2016 - Qatar Foundation Research and Development Executive Vice President H. Al-Ibrahim signing a Cooperation Agreement with CERN Director-General F. Gianotti.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2016-01-01

    Dr Hamad Al-Ibrahim Executive Vice President, Qatar Foundation Research and Development. Were present: CERN International Relations Unit, Adviser for Qatar P. Fassnacht; CERN Director for Research and Computing E. Elsen; Texas A&M Professor of Physics A. Safonov ; CERN Director for International Relations C. Warakaulle; Professor of Physics, Qatar University I.Al-Qaradawi; Executive Vice President H. Al-Ibrahim; CERN Director-General F. Gianotti; Ambassador Faisal Bin Abdulla Al-Henzab to the UNOG; Director of Research Computing, Texas A&M, Qatar O. Bouhali; Vice Dean, Texas A&M, Qatar E. Massad; Executive Director, Research Coordination & Special Initiatives, Qatar Foundation R&D D. Khoury.

  13. Poverty Warriors: The Human Experience of Planned Social Intervention. Hogg Foundation Research Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zurcher, Louis A., Jr.

    This book presents some of the experiences of men and women, poor and not poor, who participated in a community's OEO poverty program. The research upon which this book was based focused upon those subcomponents of the program which best revealed the process experiences of the participants. The study was concerned with three major components of…

  14. Epistemological, Artefactual and Interactional-Institutional Foundations of Social Impact of Academic Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miettinen, Reijo; Tuunainen, Juha; Esko, Terhi

    2015-01-01

    Because of the gross difficulties in measuring the societal impact of academic research, qualitative approaches have been developed in the last decade mostly based on forms of interaction between university and other societal stakeholders. In this paper, we suggest a framework for qualitative analysis based on the distinction between three…

  15. Building on New Foundations: Core Principles and New Directions for Qualitative Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shank, Gary; Villella, Orlando

    2004-01-01

    The authors review and comment on 24 qualitative research articles published in the JER from 1992 to 2001, which represent a wide range of qualitative approaches. The key finding was that patterns shifted from an average of 1 article per year for the 1st 7 years to an average of 1 article per issue for the final 3 years. The authors discussed the…

  16. Best Evidence: Research Foundations of the Bilingual Education Act. NCBE Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, James

    Current research literature on the education of language minority students in the United States is reviewed as it relates to the Bilingual Education Act of 1994 (Title VII of the Improving America's Schools Act). The review specifically examines these areas of concern: language diversity in the United States; limited English skills, poverty, and…

  17. 15th March 2011 - Singapore National Research Foundation Permanent Secretary(National Research and Development)T. M. Kian signing the guest book with Head of International Relations F. Pauss and visiting CMS control centre with Collaboration Spokesperson G. Tonelli.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    15th March 2011 - Singapore National Research Foundation Permanent Secretary(National Research and Development)T. M. Kian signing the guest book with Head of International Relations F. Pauss and visiting CMS control centre with Collaboration Spokesperson G. Tonelli.

  18. David Blackwell’s Forty Years in the Idaho Desert, The Foundation for 21st Century Geothermal Research

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McLing, Travis; McCurry, Mike; Cannon, Cody; Neupane, Ghanashyam; Wood, Thomas; Podgorney, Robert; Welhan, John; Mines, Greg; Mattson, Earl; Wood, Rachel; Palmer, Carl

    2015-04-01

    Dr. David Blackwell has had a profound influence on geo-thermal exploration and R&D in Idaho. Forty years have elapsed since the first Southern Methodist University (SMU) temperature logging truck rolled onto the high desert in Southern Idaho, yet even after so much time has elapsed, most recent and ongoing geothermal R&D can trace its roots to the foundational temperature studies led by Dr. Blackwell. We believe that the best way to honor any scientist is to see their work carried forward by others. As this paper demonstrates, it has been an easy task to find a host of Idaho researchers and students eager to contribute to this tribute paper. We organize this paper by ongoing or recent projects that continue to benefit left to Idaho by Dr. David Blackwell.

  19. American Association of Orthodontists Foundation Craniofacial Growth Legacy Collection: Overview of a powerful tool for orthodontic research and teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baumrind, Sheldon; Curry, Sean

    2015-08-01

    This article reports on the current status of the American Association of Orthodontists Foundation (AAOF) Craniofacial Growth Legacy Collection--an AAOF-supported multi-institutional project that uses the Internet and cloud computing to collect and share craniofacial images and data for orthodontic research and education. The project gives investigators and clinicians all over the world online access to longitudinal information on craniofacial development in untreated children with malocclusions of various types. It also is a unique source of control samples for testing the validity of consensually accepted beliefs about the effects of orthodontic treatment or of failure to treat. Copyright © 2015 American Association of Orthodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Modeling the principles of community-based participatory research in a community health assessment conducted by a health foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Karen Jaynes; Gail Bray, Patricia; Shapiro-Mendoza, Carrie K; Reisz, Ilana; Peranteau, Jane

    2009-01-01

    The authors discuss strategies used and lessons learned by a health foundation during development of a community health assessment model incorporating community-based participatory research (CBPR) approaches. The assessment model comprises three models incorporating increasing amounts of CPBR principles. Model A combines local-area analysis of quantitative data, qualitative information (key informants, focus groups), and asset mapping. Model B, a community-based participatory model, emphasizes participatory rural appraisal approaches and quantitative assessment using rapid epidemiological assessment. Model C, a modified version of Model B, is financially more sustainable for our needs than Model B. The authors (a) describe origins of these models and illustrate practical applications and (b) explore the lessons learned in their transition from a traditional, nonparticipatory, quantitative approach to participatory approaches to community-health assessment. It is hoped that this article will contribute to the growing body of knowledge of practical aspects of incorporating CBPR approaches into community health assessments.

  1. [Research progresses of the completed pediatrics projects funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China from 2002 to 2006].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Ling; Hao, Jie; Deng, Min; Xu, Yan-ying

    2009-05-01

    To understand the projects completion and research progresses in pediatrics which were funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), and evaluate the accomplishment objectively and justly. The completion status of projects in pediatrics funded by department of clinical medicine II from 2002 to 2006 was analysed retrospectively, and important research achievement and outstanding development in some projects were reported. During the period between 2002 and 2006, 420 articles were published, and the average was 8.1 papers per project, which included 56 papers that were published in journals indexed by SCI (the average was 1.1 papers per project). The completion of general project was better than that of "the Young Researchers Fund" and small grant project. Ten post-doctors, 102 doctors and 109 masters were trained. Two projects were awarded with the first grade prize and another 2 with the second grade prize at the provincial and ministerial level, 4 items applied for patent and 1 was granted. These completed projects, which were mainly related to 7 of 12 subspecialties in the field of pediatrics, such as the respiratory disease, nephrology, neurology, cardiology, endocrinology, hematology, neonatology, are the major portion of the application projects and subsidized projects funded by NSFC, and achieved great research progresses. During the period between 2002 and 2006, the 52 completed projects in pediatrics showed difference in the distribution and quality of accomplishment among subspecialties and among types of supported projects; there are some gaps between pediatrics and some other clinical basic subspecialties II, this situation released the research status and problems in development of pediatrics in China. The general projects completion was good, and many projects obtained research achievements, which reflect the leading function of NSFC in pediatric research.

  2. Prostate Cancer Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... P 2 rovocative Questions PCCTC Scientific Retreat Coffey-Holden Research News Faces of Prostate Cancer [4] Survivors ... Foundation News The Prostate Cancer Foundation’s 2016 Coffey-Holden Prostate Cancer Academy Meeting accelerates advances in the ...

  3. National Psoriasis Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... is treated in their countries. Previous Next National Psoriasis Foundation provides you with the help you need to best manage your psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis, while promoting research to find ...

  4. World Endometriosis Research Foundation Endometriosis Phenome and Biobanking Harmonisation Project: I. Surgical phenotype data collection in endometriosis research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Becker, Christian M.; Laufer, Marc R.; Stratton, Pamela;

    2014-01-01

    ObjectiveTo standardize the recording of surgical phenotypic information on endometriosis and related sample collections obtained at laparoscopy, allowing large-scale collaborative research into the condition.......ObjectiveTo standardize the recording of surgical phenotypic information on endometriosis and related sample collections obtained at laparoscopy, allowing large-scale collaborative research into the condition....

  5. World Endometriosis Research Foundation Endometriosis Phenome and biobanking harmonization project: II. Clinical and covariate phenotype data collection in endometriosis research

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vitonis, Allison F.; Vincent, Katy; Rahmioglu, Nilufer;

    2014-01-01

    ObjectiveTo harmonize the collection of nonsurgical clinical and epidemiologic data relevant to endometriosis research, allowing large-scale collaboration.......ObjectiveTo harmonize the collection of nonsurgical clinical and epidemiologic data relevant to endometriosis research, allowing large-scale collaboration....

  6. Activities of the National Academy of Sciences in relation to the Radiation Effects Research Foundation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edington, C.W.

    1992-06-01

    This progress report relates progress in the various research projects evaluating the late health effects, both somatic and genetic, resulting from radiation exposure of the survivors of the atomic bombs at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. Considerable progress has been made in the collection and utilization of the various epidemiological data bases. These include the Life Span Study, (LSS) cohort, the Adult Health Study (AHS) cohort, the In Utero cohort, the leukemia registry and the F-1 Study population. Important progress has been made in using RERF Tumor and Tissue Registry records for evaluation of cancer incidence and radiation risk estimates for comparison with cancer mortality and risk in the LSS cohort. At the present time, a manuscript on the incidence of solid tumors (1950-1987) is undergoing internal and external review for publication as an RERF Technical report (TR) and for publication in a peer-reviewed scientific journal. In addition, manuscripts are in preparation on (1) a comprehensive report on the incidence of hematological cancers, including analysis of leukemia by cell type (1950-1987), (2) a general description of Tumor Registry operations and (3) a comparison of incidence- and mortality-based estimates of radiation risk in the LSS cohort.

  7. The South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust Biomedical Research Centre (SLAM BRC case register: development and descriptive data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denis Mike

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Case registers have been used extensively in mental health research. Recent developments in electronic medical records, and in computer software to search and analyse these in anonymised format, have the potential to revolutionise this research tool. Methods We describe the development of the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust (SLAM Biomedical Research Centre (BRC Case Register Interactive Search tool (CRIS which allows research-accessible datasets to be derived from SLAM, the largest provider of secondary mental healthcare in Europe. All clinical data, including free text, are available for analysis in the form of anonymised datasets. Development involved both the building of the system and setting in place the necessary security (with both functional and procedural elements. Results Descriptive data are presented for the Register database as of October 2008. The database at that point included 122,440 cases, 35,396 of whom were receiving active case management under the Care Programme Approach. In terms of gender and ethnicity, the database was reasonably representative of the source population. The most common assigned primary diagnoses were within the ICD mood disorders (n = 12,756 category followed by schizophrenia and related disorders (8158, substance misuse (7749, neuroses (7105 and organic disorders (6414. Conclusion The SLAM BRC Case Register represents a 'new generation' of this research design, built on a long-running system of fully electronic clinical records and allowing in-depth secondary analysis of both numerical, string and free text data, whilst preserving anonymity through technical and procedural safeguards.

  8. Factors Impacting Successfully Competing for Research Funding: An Analysis of Applications Submitted to The Plastic Surgery Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hume, Keith M.; Giladi, Aviram M.; Chung, Kevin C.

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND Federal research funding is decreasing, forcing specialty organizations to have an increasingly important position in developing and fostering research.1,2 As the research and innovation arm of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, The Plastic Surgery Foundation (PSF) has a key role in supporting promising plastic surgery research. Understanding the grant review process, as well as factors that contribute to funding well-written grant funding applications, is paramount for aspiring academic surgeons. METHODS All research grant applications submitted to The PSF in 2012 and 2013 were evaluated. Each reviewer comment was independently assessed by two study team members and classified into key weakness categories. Chi-square test compared results between funded and unfunded grants. Linear regression identified which critique elements corresponded to changes in scores, and logistic regression identified elements that predicted funding. RESULTS We analyzed 1,764 comments from 240 applications. Of these, 55 received funding. Funded grants had significantly fewer reviewer comments in 4 of 5 weakness categories. As expected, funded grants received better (lower) scores. Concerns in the categories of “plan for execution” and “other elements/granstmanship” significantly affected score as well as odds of funding. CONCLUSION Ensuring that a grant addresses all required elements is important for receiving a low reviewer score. Our study demonstrates that “plan for execution” and “grantsmanship” influence reviewer scoring more than others. Investigators must clearly address items associated with conducting their experiments and performing the analysis. Investigators must also give equal attention to elements of overall quality and completeness to optimize chances of funding. PMID:25626827

  9. Foundation Structure

    OpenAIRE

    Schakenda, Bruno; Nielsen, Søren Andreas; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    2009-01-01

    Method of installing a bucket foundation structure comprising one, two, three or more skirts, into soils in a controlled manner. The method comprises two stages: a first stage being a design phase and the second stage being an installation phase. In the first stage, design parameters are determined relating to the loads on the finished foundation structure; soil profile on the location; allowable installation tolerances, which parameters are used to estimate the minimum diameter and length of...

  10. Social sciences research in neglected tropical diseases 3: Investment in social science research in neglected diseases of poverty: a case study of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pokhrel, Subhash; Reidpath, Daniel; Allotey, Pascale

    2011-01-06

    The level of funding provides a good proxy for the level of commitment or prioritisation given to a particular issue. While the need for research relevant to social, economic, cultural and behavioural aspects of neglected tropical diseases (NTD) control has been acknowledged, there is limited data on the level of funding that supports NTD social science research. A case study was carried out in which the spending of a major independent funder, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) - was analysed. A total of 67 projects funded between October 1998 and November 2008 were identified from the BMGF database. With the help of keywords within the titles of 67 grantees, they were categorised as social science or non-social science research based on available definition of social science. A descriptive analysis was conducted. Of 67 projects analysed, 26 projects (39%) were social science related while 41 projects (61%) were basic science or other translational research including drug development. A total of US$ 697 million was spent to fund the projects, of which 35% ((US$ 241 million) went to social science research. Although the level of funding for social science research has generally been lower than that for non-social science research over 10 year period, social science research attracted more funding in 2004 and 2008. The evidence presented in this case study indicates that funding on NTD social science research compared to basic and translational research is not as low as it is perceived to be. However, as there is the acute need for improved delivery and utilisation of current NTD drugs/technologies, informed by research from social science approaches, funding priorities need to reflect the need to invest significantly more in NTD social science research.

  11. Social sciences research in neglected tropical diseases 3: Investment in social science research in neglected diseases of poverty: a case study of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reidpath Daniel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The level of funding provides a good proxy for the level of commitment or prioritisation given to a particular issue. While the need for research relevant to social, economic, cultural and behavioural aspects of neglected tropical diseases (NTD control has been acknowledged, there is limited data on the level of funding that supports NTD social science research. Method A case study was carried out in which the spending of a major independent funder, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF - was analysed. A total of 67 projects funded between October 1998 and November 2008 were identified from the BMGF database. With the help of keywords within the titles of 67 grantees, they were categorised as social science or non-social science research based on available definition of social science. A descriptive analysis was conducted. Results Of 67 projects analysed, 26 projects (39% were social science related while 41 projects (61% were basic science or other translational research including drug development. A total of US$ 697 million was spent to fund the projects, of which 35% ((US$ 241 million went to social science research. Although the level of funding for social science research has generally been lower than that for non-social science research over 10 year period, social science research attracted more funding in 2004 and 2008. Conclusion The evidence presented in this case study indicates that funding on NTD social science research compared to basic and translational research is not as low as it is perceived to be. However, as there is the acute need for improved delivery and utilisation of current NTD drugs/technologies, informed by research from social science approaches, funding priorities need to reflect the need to invest significantly more in NTD social science research.

  12. The New Forgotten Half and Research Directions to Support Them. A William T. Grant Foundation Inequality Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenbaum, James; Ahearn, Caitlin; Becker, Kelly; Rosenbaum, Janet

    2015-01-01

    In 1988, the William T. Grant Foundation issued "The Forgotten Half," the final report of the Foundation's Commission on Youth and America's Future. Focusing on inequality in American society, specifically among non-college-bound 16-24 year olds, the report explored the challenges facing young people and the institutions that serve them.…

  13. Basil O'Connor, the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis and the Reorganization of Polio Research in the United States, 1935-41.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Daniel J

    2015-07-01

    The costs associated with polio research in the late 1920s were high, while sources for research funding remained scarce. This began to change in the early 1930s with the creation of three private philanthropies that would form the basis of a system to fund polio research adequately: the International Committee for the Study of Infantile Paralysis (1928), The President's Birthday Ball Commission (1934), and the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (1938). This article explores how these three organizations shaped the process for directing funds to polio research. Beginning with the International Committee, all three philanthropies used medical advisory committees as vehicles for the review of proposals for research. The National Foundation adopted many of the policies and procedures of the earlier organizations, drawing on the experiences, misfortunes, and successes of its predecessors. The National Foundation also relied on some of the same personnel, although the microbiologist and writer Paul de Kruif, who was an influential figure in the early years, was gradually pushed out. This essay explores the establishment of the medical advisory committees of the National Foundation and reveals how by 1941 under leadership of Basil O'Connor and Dr. Thomas Rivers they developed a systematic and readily legitimated process for directing funding. By 1941, the NFIP had in place the fund-raising capacity to underwrite the scientific research that would ultimately produce two successful polio vaccines in the next twenty years.

  14. Mars Exploration Student Data Teams: Building Foundations and Influencing Students to Pursue STEM Careers through Experiences with Authentic Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turney, D.; Grigsby, B.; Murchie, S. L.; Buczkowski, D.; Seelos, K. D.; Nair, H.; McGovern, A.; Morgan, F.; Viviano, C. E.; Goudge, T. A.; Thompson, D.

    2013-12-01

    The Mars Exploration Student Data Teams (MESDT) immerses diverse teams of high school and undergraduate students in an authentic research Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) based experience and allows students to be direct participants in the scientific process by working with scientists to analyze data sets from NASA's Mars program, specifically from the CRISM instrument. MESDT was created by Arizona State University's Mars Education Program, and is funded through NASA's Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars or CRISM, an instrument onboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO). Students work with teacher mentors and CRISM team members to analyze data, develop hypotheses, conduct research, submit proposals, critique and revise work. All students begin the program with basic Mars curriculum lessons developed by the MESDT education team. This foundation enables the program to be inclusive of all students. Teachers have reported that populations of students with diverse academic needs and abilities have been successful in this program. The use of technology in the classroom allows the MESDT program to successfully reach a nationwide audience and funding provided by NASA's CRISM instrument allows students to participate free of charge. Recent changes to the program incorporate a partnership with United States Geological Survey (USGS) and a CRISM sponsored competitive scholarship for two teams of students to present their work at the annual USGS Planetary Mappers Meeting. Returning MESDT teachers have attributed an increase in student enrollment and interest to this scholarship opportunity. The 2013 USGS Planetary Mappers Meeting was held in Washington DC which provided an opportunity for the students to meet with their Senators at the US Capitol to explain the science work they had done throughout the year as well as the impact that the program had had on their goals for the future. This opportunity extended to the students by the

  15. Diabetes Research Institute Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Hope George Lopez DRI Invention Parents Empower Parents Stern Chairman Exenatide Avandia Distinguished Professor Drug Discovery Initiative ... Ph.D. Shari Messinger Cayetano, ME, Ph.D. Daniel H. Mintz, M.D. Bresta Miranda-Palma, M. ...

  16. Diabetes Research Institute Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Ketones I hate diabetes! April 2010 issue Team Parenting Reducing Conflict Kellie's Summer Tips DRIFinancial Focus: online ... Biology, Potency and Engraftment Cell Sources and Regeneration Career Opportunities cGMP/GTP Cell Processing Search: Search HOME ...

  17. Scleroderma Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... story’ of each individual living with systemic sclerosis. EULAR Update Targets Organ Involvement in Systemic Sclerosis May- ... its 2009 recommendations, the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) has added two new therapeutic statements addressing organ ...

  18. Intracranial Hypertension Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... your pin today! IHRF News and Events IH Registry Study Finds Kidney Stones Are NOT A Common Side Effect of Daily Acetazolamide Treatment IHRF Scientific Advisor Publishes New IH ... Safe For Pregnant Women with IH? IH Registry Study on Diamox Use & Pregnancy Published in NANOS ...

  19. Progeria Research Foundation, Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    About Progeria Progeria 101/FAQ The Connection to Other Diseases The Science Behind Progeria The FTI Drug Lonafarnib For School Reports About ... Profile Our Brochure and Logo Quick Facts Chapters Progeria en espanol Meet the Kids Life According to ...

  20. FRAXA Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... syndrome is the most common inherited cause of autism and intellectual disabilities. It affects 1 in 4000 boys ... is Working Toward a Cure FRAXA is solely committed to finding effective treatments ...

  1. Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... left+'px'); } Recent Site Updates November 1, 2016 Big Data in Precision Medicine Conference October 17, 2016 A ... Dr. Daniel Auclair joins industry leaders at the Big Data in Precision Medicine conference to discuss the intersection ...

  2. Using the Citizen Science Picture Post Project as the Foundation for Campus Environmental Monitoring by Undergraduate Student Researchers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, K.; Guertin, L. A.

    2014-12-01

    Penn State Brandywine is utilizing the citizen science Picture Post network as a foundation for collecting campus environmental data and for undergraduate student research investigations. The Picture Post is an environmental monitoring project a part of Digital Earth Watch, a citizen science initiative funded by NASA. Picture Post creates opportunities for educators and community members to take digital photos from octagonal platforms on posts registered as part of the Picture Post national network and then share these photos online. Penn State Brandywine joined the Picture Post project May 27, 2014, to begin a long-term monitoring program, starting with an environmental baseline of the campus landscape. Four post locations were selected on campus based upon projected major construction projects. Photos at each post are being taken by students on a weekly basis and uploaded to the Picture Post website. The campus community and beyond are also being encouraged to take their own photos to upload to the website. Instructional signage has been placed on each post, and a Penn State Brandywine Picture Post website (http://sites.psu.edu/picturepost/) has been created to explain the project and campus objectives in more detail. This project was started by a student as part of her undergraduate summer research experience and will continue to be managed by students in future semesters. With just a half-year of Picture Post photos, it is evident that there are documented changes in the environment because of construction and expected seasonal variations. The Picture Post photos have provided enough data for an initial undergraduate research project with a student analyzing and comparing the variations in the greenness factor of the photos with supplemental temperature and precipitation data. This project will continue to provide opportunities for citizen contributions to the network as well as data for student investigations of the changing campus environment.

  3. Surreptitious practices in the management of persons with serious mental illnesses - Perspectives from the schizophrenia research foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramachandran, Padmavati; Rangaswamy, Thara

    2012-07-01

    The aim of this communication is to briefly describe the surreptitious practices and management of non-adherence, observed at the services offered by the Schizophrenia Research Foundation. Screening of records at our services for documentations of this practice and the efforts made to deal with non-adherence and concealed treatment was done. Surreptitious practices in SCARF's out-patient services and in community outreach programs have been documented. Efforts to manage non-adherence include educating families on pharmacotherapy and strategies of dealing with non-adherence. At the level the patient, individualised and group strategies deal with the issues addressing lack of insight, acceptance of the disorder, or dealing with perceived side effects are held. Ethical principles of autonomy, justice, beneficence, and respect are adopted in implementing these strategies. There are potential advantages and disadvantages of adopting surreptitious treatment strategies in persons with serious mental illnesses. There is a need to formulate rigorous guidelines for the management of non-adherence.

  4. Foundations of measurement

    CERN Document Server

    Suppes, Patrick

    1989-01-01

    Foundations of Measurement offers the most coherently organized treatment of the topics and issues central to measurement. Much of the research involved has been scattered over several decades and a multitude of journals--available in many instances only to specialties. With the publication of Volumes two and three of this important work, Foundations of Measurement is the most comprehensive presentation in the area of measurement.

  5. Applied Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kohlenbach, Ulrich

    2002-01-01

    A central theme in the foundations of mathematics, dating back to D. Hilbert, can be paraphrased by the following question "How is it that abstract methods (`ideal elements´) can be used to prove `real´ statements e.g. about the natural numbers and is this use necessary in principle?"...

  6. Bucket foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foglia, Aligi; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    In this report, bearing behaviour and installation of bucket foundations are reviewed. Different methods and standards are compared with the experimental data presented in Foglia and Ibsen (2014a). The most important studies on these topics are suggested. The review is focused on the response...

  7. 关于老码头改造工程中基坑开挖问题的研究%Research on Foundation Ditch Excavation during Wharf Reconstruction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顿军华; 郑旭

    2012-01-01

    在八所老港区泊位改造工程的基坑施工中,由于在锚碇墙与码头前沿之间存在原有结构物的浅基础,且锚碇墙拉杆的安装高程低于原基础的底高程,开挖基坑时必须保证原有结构基础的稳定;锚碇墙开挖位置附近的砂性土层中地下水位较高,基坑开挖时应采取有效降水措施,保证基坑稳定.针对本工程基坑施工中的主要技术问题开展研究,提出相应的工程对策,总结施工经验为类似工程提供参考.%In foundation ditch excavation of Basuo Port berths reconstruction project, shallow foundation of original structures exists between anchor wall and wharf structure, and elevation of anchor wall draw-rod installation is lower than bottom elevation of original foundation, therefore foundation stabilization for original structures must be guaranteed during foundation ditch excavation. Due to higher groundwater level of sandy soil stratum where anchor wall is excavated, effective water-reducing measures shall be used to ensure the stability of foundations ditch when it' s excavated. Researchers are developed for major technical problems in foundation ditch construction, relevant countermeasures are proposed and construction experiences are summarized, which will provide the reference for the similar projects.

  8. [Spanish validation of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Treatment interview to assess patients competence to consent treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez Marrodán, Ignacio; Baón Pérez, Beatriz; Navío Acosta, Mercedes; López-Antón, Raul; Lobo Escolar, Elena; Ventura Faci, Tirso

    2014-09-09

    To validate the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for Treatment (MacCAT-T) Spanish version, which assesses the mental capacity of patients to consent treatment, by examining 4 areas (Understanding, Appreciation, Reasoning and Expressing a choice). 160 subjects (80 Internal Medicine inpatients, 40 Psychiatric inpatients and 40 healthy controls). MacCAT-T, Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE). Feasibility study, reliability and validity calculations (against to gold standard of clinical expert). Mean duration of the MacCAT-T interview was 18min. Inter-rater reliability: Intraclass correlation coefficient for Understanding=0.98, Appreciation=0.97, Reasoning=0.98, Expressing a choice=0.91. Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha): Understanding=0.87, for Appreciation=0.76, for Reasoning=0.86. Patients considered to be incapable (gold standard) scored lower in all the MacCAT-T areas. Poor performance on the MacCAT-T was related to cognitive impairment assessed by MMSE. Spanish version of the MacCAT-T is feasible, reliable, and valid for assessing the capacity of patients to consent treatment. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  9. Fundamentos, modelos conceituais, aplicações e pesquisa da terapia cognitiva Cognitive therapy: foundations, conceptual models, applications and research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Knapp

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Há um interesse crescente no modelo cognitivo de psicoterapia estimulado por grande número de resultados de pesquisa, demonstrando sua eficácia em uma série de transtornos psiquiátricos e distúrbios médicos. Este artigo de revisão objetiva dar um panorama dos fundamentos históricos e filosóficos das abordagens cognitivo-comportamentais contemporâneas, e apontar similaridades e diferenças entre elas. O modelo cognitivo, conforme delineado por Aaron Beck, e alguns dos procedimentos e técnicas cognitivas e comportamentais utilizados em transtornos emocionais serão apresentados. Ao final, resultados de pesquisas e metanálises em relação à eficácia das terapias cognitivas e cognitivo-comportamentais em vários transtornos psiquiátricos e distúrbios médicos serão relatados brevemente. MÉTODO: Por meio da revisão de artigos e livros-texto, principalmente dos trabalhos de Aaron Beck dos quais foi extraída a presente revisão, foram descritas as origens e os fundamentos das abordagens cognitivo-comportamentais no tratamento dos transtornos psiquiátricos e médicos. Através de buscas no Medline de ensaios clínicos randomizados e metanálises, foram apontadas as evidências de eficácia dessa modalidade de tratamento psicoterápico. RESULTADOS E CONCLUSÕES: As terapias cognitivo-comportamentais em geral, e a terapia cognitiva beckiana em especial, apresentam um fundamento teórico e um conjunto de técnicas cuja eficácia baseada em evidências foi demonstrada no tratamento de diversos quadros mentais e físicos.OBJECTIVE: There is growing interest in the cognitive model of psychotherapy stimulated by an extensive body of research findings demonstrating its effectiveness for a varied set of psychiatric disorders and medical conditions. This review article aims to give an overview of the historical and philosophical background to contemporary cognitive and cognitive-behavioral approaches to psychotherapy, pointing out

  10. Sudden Arrhythmia Death Syndromes (SADS) Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... K. Cleveland, Jr. Young Investigator Awards in Cardiac Channelopathy Research 5/4/2016 - SADS Foundation Announces Courts K. Cleveland, Jr. Young Investigator Awards in Cardiac Channelopathy Research 7/6/2015 - The SADS Foundation Supports ...

  11. The Broad Foundations, 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broad Foundation, 2006

    2006-01-01

    The mission of the Broad Foundations is to transform K-12 urban public education through better governance, management, labor relations and competition; make significant contributions to advance major scientific and medical research; foster public appreciation of contemporary art by increasing access for audiences worldwide; and lead and…

  12. Design of road foundations

    OpenAIRE

    Thom, Nicholas

    1988-01-01

    Research has been conducted into the fundamental mechanical properties of a granular material. This has involved the use of both a repeated load triaxial apparatus and a new hollow cylinder apparatus, which has required development and modification. Building on the foundation of earlier research at Nottingham, models have been developed which predict the stress-strain behaviour of a dry granular material under any combination of applied stresses. This includes repeatable elastic behaviour and...

  13. The origins of the research on the foundations of quantum mechanics (and other critical activities) in Italy during the 1970s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baracca, Angelo; Bergia, Silvio; Del Santo, Flavio

    2017-02-01

    We present a reconstruction of the studies on the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics carried out in Italy at the turn of the 1960s. Actually, they preceded the revival of the interest of the American physicists towards the foundations of quantum mechanics around mid-1970s, recently reconstructed by David Kaiser in a book of 2011. An element common to both cases is the role played by the young generation, even though the respective motivations were quite different. In the US they reacted to research cuts after the war in Vietnam, and were inspired by the New Age mood. In Italy the dissatisfaction of the young generations was rooted in the student protests of 1968 and the subsequent labour and social fights, which challenged the role of scientists. The young generations of physicists searched for new scientific approaches and challenged their own scientific knowledge and role. The criticism to the foundations of quantum mechanics and the perspectives of submitting them to experimental tests were perceived as an innovative research field and this attitude was directly linked to the search for an innovative and radical approach in the history of science. All these initiatives gave rise to booming activity throughout the 1970s, contributing to influence the scientific attitude and the teaching approach.

  14. Characteristic Behavior of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barari, Amin

    the design of offshore wind turbine foundations. The work was divided into two main research efforts: geotechnical engineering experiments to gain insight into the behavior of offshore bucket foundations, and development of methods to improve the study of infiltration into unsaturated soils, an important...

  15. Bucket Foundation Response Under Various Displacement Rates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaitkunaite, Evelina; Nielsen, Benjaminn Nordahl; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    2016-01-01

    in a multi-bucket foundation system. The foundation model is at a scale of approximately 1:20 prototype foundation size. The tests are performed in a pressure tank with the foundation model installed in dense sand. Based on the data, the conclusion is that the bucket foundation design in a storm case should......The present testing program aims at showing the pore pressure response around a bucket foundation skirt as well as the load and displacement change due to ten different displacement rates. Research findings are useful for a numerical model calibration focusing on the design of the upwind foundation...

  16. Scleroderma Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... mail you a copy! News Researchers Have Identified Method to Slow Fibrosis in Scleroderma Video: Posture into ... org | Contact Us | Annual Report | 2015 Audited Financials | IRS Form 990 Disclaimer | Privacy | Share

  17. The grave is wide: the Hibakusha of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the legacy of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission and the Radiation Effects Research Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Malley, Gerald F

    2016-07-01

    Following the atomic bomb attacks on Japan in 1945, scientists from the United States and Japan joined together to study the Hibakusha - the bomb affected people in what was advertised as a bipartisan and cooperative effort. In reality, despite the best efforts of some very dedicated and earnest scientists, the early years of the collaboration were characterized by political friction, censorship, controversy, tension, hostility, and racism. The 70-year history, scientific output and cultural impact of the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission and the Radiation Effects Research Foundation are described in the context of the development of Occupied Japan.

  18. The Foundation of Morality

    OpenAIRE

    Juul-Larsen, Astrid; Cathmont-Prynn, Penelope Josefine; Magnúsdóttir, Gu∂rún Ása; Brudvig, Mette Rubeck; Kirkegaard, Marie Louise

    2008-01-01

    In this project we have been working on the phenomenon of morality, more specifically the foundation in relation to religion. We have been looking into both psychology and philosophy, in aim to find answers to our research. As main objects of investigation we have worked with the philosopher and psychologist William James, along with the theologian Paul Tillich. Furthermore we have looked into the Divine command theory, along with several theories and arguments from various professionals with...

  19. Mathematical foundations of thermodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Giles, R; Stark, M; Ulam, S

    2013-01-01

    Mathematical Foundations of Thermodynamics details the core concepts of the mathematical principles employed in thermodynamics. The book discusses the topics in a way that physical meanings are assigned to the theoretical terms. The coverage of the text includes the mechanical systems and adiabatic processes; topological considerations; and equilibrium states and potentials. The book also covers Galilean thermodynamics; symmetry in thermodynamics; and special relativistic thermodynamics. The book will be of great interest to practitioners and researchers of disciplines that deal with thermodyn

  20. Cooperation Agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and The Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High Energy Physics

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    Cooperation Agreement between the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) and The Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High Energy Physics

  1. Web services foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Bouguettaya, Athman; Daniel, Florian

    2013-01-01

    Web services and Service-Oriented Computing (SOC) have become thriving areas of academic research, joint university/industry research projects, and novel IT products on the market. SOC is the computing paradigm that uses Web services as building blocks for the engineering of composite, distributed applications out of the reusable application logic encapsulated by Web services. Web services could be considered the best-known and most standardized technology in use today for distributed computing over the Internet.Web Services Foundations is the first installment of a two-book collection coverin

  2. Research on the Horizontal Displacement Coefficient of Soil Surrounding Pile in Layered Foundations by Considering the Soil Mass’s Longitudinal Continuity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yao Wen-Juan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available When utilizing the p-y curve to simulate the nonlinear characteristics of soil surrounding pile in layered foundations, due to having not taken into account the soil mass’s longitudinal continuity, the calculation deviation of horizontal displacement increases with the growth of a load. This paper adopted the layered elasticity system theory to consider the soil mass’s longitudinal continuity, as well as utilizing the research method for layered isotropic bodies, assuming that the horizontal resistance is evenly distributed around the perimeter of the pile's cross-section. Then an appropriate transfer matrix method of horizontal displacement coefficient for the soil surrounding pile in layered foundations was established. According to the calculation principle of finite element equivalent load, the horizontal displacement coefficient matrix was deduced as well as providing a corrected formula for the horizontal displacement of soil surrounding pile through the p-y curve method when the external load was increased. Following the established model, a program was created which was used for calculating and analyzing the horizontal displacement coefficient matrix of three-layered soil in order to verify this method’s validity and rationale. Where there is a relatively large discrepancy in the soil layers’ properties, this paper’s method is able to reflect the influence on the layered soil’s actual distributional difference as well as the nearby soil layers’ interaction.

  3. A strategy for the generation, characterization and distribution of animal models by The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco A. S. Baptista

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Progress in Parkinson’s disease (PD research and therapeutic development is hindered by many challenges, including a need for robust preclinical animal models. Limited availability of these tools is due to technical hurdles, patent issues, licensing restrictions and the high costs associated with generating and distributing these animal models. Furthermore, the lack of standardization of phenotypic characterization and use of varying methodologies has made it difficult to compare outcome measures across laboratories. In response, The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research (MJFF is directly sponsoring the generation, characterization and distribution of preclinical rodent models, enabling increased access to these crucial tools in order to accelerate PD research. To date, MJFF has initiated and funded the generation of 30 different models, which include transgenic or knockout models of PD-relevant genes such as Park1 (also known as Park4 and SNCA, Park8 (LRRK2, Park7 (DJ-1, Park6 (PINK1, Park2 (Parkin, VPS35, EiF4G1 and GBA. The phenotypic characterization of these animals is performed in a uniform and streamlined manner at independent contract research organizations. Finally, MJFF created a central repository at The Jackson Laboratory (JAX that houses both non-MJFF and MJFF-generated preclinical animal models. Funding from MJFF, which subsidizes the costs involved in transfer, rederivation and colony expansion, has directly resulted in over 2500 rodents being distributed to the PD community for research use.

  4. Foundations of genetic algorithms 1991

    CERN Document Server

    1991-01-01

    Foundations of Genetic Algorithms 1991 (FOGA 1) discusses the theoretical foundations of genetic algorithms (GA) and classifier systems.This book compiles research papers on selection and convergence, coding and representation, problem hardness, deception, classifier system design, variation and recombination, parallelization, and population divergence. Other topics include the non-uniform Walsh-schema transform; spurious correlations and premature convergence in genetic algorithms; and variable default hierarchy separation in a classifier system. The grammar-based genetic algorithm; condition

  5. Gun Violence and Victimization of Strangers by Persons With a Mental Illness: Data From the MacArthur Violence Risk Assessment Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steadman, Henry J; Monahan, John; Pinals, Debra A; Vesselinov, Roumen; Robbins, Pamela Clark

    2015-11-01

    Highly publicized incidents in which people with apparent mental illnesses use guns to victimize strangers have important implications for public views of people with mental illnesses and the formation of mental health and gun policy. The study aimed to provide more data about this topic. MacArthur Violence Risk Assessment Study data were analyzed to determine the prevalence of violence by 951 patients after discharge from a psychiatric hospital, including gun violence, violence toward strangers, and gun violence toward strangers. Two percent of patients committed a violent act involving a gun, 6% committed a violent act involving a stranger, and 1% committed a violent act involving both a gun and a stranger. When public perceptions and policies regarding mental illness are shaped by highly publicized but infrequent instances of gun violence toward strangers, they are unlikely to help people with mental illnesses or to improve public safety.

  6. Characteristic Behavior of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barari, Amin

    reduce the risks and costsrelated to offshore geotechnics. The thesis examines: 1.Characteristic Behavior of Bucket Foundations 2. Modeling of Water Flow through Porous Media The outcomes of each of the research contributions are summarized in four research articles, either directly or indirectly...

  7. Characteristic Behavior of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barari, Amin

    reduce the risks and costsrelated to offshore geotechnics. The thesis examines: 1.Characteristic Behavior of Bucket Foundations 2. Modeling of Water Flow through Porous Media The outcomes of each of the research contributions are summarized in four research articles, either directly or indirectly...

  8. Charity Starts … at Work? Conceptual Foundations for Research with Businesses that Donate to Food Redistribution Organisations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisha Vlaholias

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available As global concern about sustainability, food waste, and poverty increases, there is an urgent need to understand what motivates businesses to adopt pro-social and pro-environmental behaviours. This paper suggests that food redistribution organisations hold both pro-social and pro-environmental aims, due to their concern with reducing food surplus and food insecurity. To achieve this, they must motivate food businesses to donate their surplus food. However, little is known about the values, attitudes, and motives of food industry donors. The purpose of this paper is to provide a theoretical and conceptual overview to set out principles from which empirical data on food redistribution will be analysed or critiqued. Specifically, it explores pro-social and pro-environmental literature, as these fields have examined the motivations behind donations and reducing environmental impact. This review highlights that charitable giving of food is different to other inorganic material, such as money. Thus, future research is needed to capture the unique temporal, emotional, social, and environmental factors that motivate food donations. This information may contribute to the development of strategies that target and motivate people from the food industry to become food donors. Alternatively, it may reveal concerns about food donations, and highlight the need for other approaches to food waste and food insecurity.

  9. Justification of parameters and selection of equipment for laboratory researches of a rammer's operating element dynamics in a soil foundation of a tank for oil and oil products storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gruzin, A. V.; Gruzin, V. V.; Shalay, V. V.

    2017-08-01

    The development of technology for a directional soil compaction of tank foundations for oil and oil products storage is a relevant problem which solution will enable simultaneously provide required operational characteristics of a soil foundation and reduce time and material costs to prepare the foundation. The impact dynamics of rammers' operating elements on the soil foundation is planned to specify in the course of laboratory studies. A specialized technique is developed to justify the parameters and select the equipment for laboratory researches. The usage of this technique enabled us to calculate dimensions of the models, of a test bench and specifications of the recording equipment, and a lighting system. The necessary equipment for laboratory studies was selected. Preliminary laboratory tests were carried out. The estimate of accuracy for planned laboratory studies was given.

  10. E-learning for research capacity strengthening in sexual and reproductive health: the experience of the Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research and the Department of Reproductive Health and Research, World Health Organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abawi, Karim; Chandra-Mouli, Venkatraman; Toskin, Igor; Festin, Mario Philip; Gertiser, Lynn; Idris, Raqibat; Hamamy, Hanan; Ali, Moazzam; Bonventure, Ameyo Masakhwe; Temmerman, Marleen; Campana, Aldo

    2016-12-07

    Technological advancement has resulted in the increasing use of e-learning and online education, initially in high-income countries and increasingly in low- and middle-income countries. In 2010, the Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research, in collaboration with the World Health Organization and partner institutions, developed an online postgraduate course "From Research to Practice: Training Course in Sexual and Reproductive Health Research". This course takes advantage of the advancing Internet technology to provide training opportunities to health professionals mostly from low- and middle-income countries whose access to quality education is constrained by time, financial resources, or both. To assess the outcomes of the course, an evaluation was conducted by sending a self-administered questionnaire to graduates of the 2010-2012 programme. The objectives were to determine if the graduates had applied the knowledge gained from the course to their work and whether they had implemented their research project developed during the course. The evaluation also appraised the number of graduates who participated in the design or implementation of a new research project since the course concluded and whether the course had contributed to advancement in their careers. A total of 175 of 219 course graduates answered the questionnaire. The evaluation revealed that the majority of respondents (98%) had utilized the knowledge acquired, with nearly half of them (47%) having published a scientific paper as author or co-author. About a third of respondents (39%) had implemented their course research project and about three quarters of them (74%) have been involved in the design or implementation of a research project after completing the course. Over three quarters (81%) of respondents opined that the course had contributed to their career advancement and almost half of them (46%) had a career promotion as a direct or indirect benefit of the course. We surmise that

  11. From the NSF: The National Science Foundation's Investments in Broadening Participation in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Education through Research and Capacity Building.

    Science.gov (United States)

    James, Sylvia M; Singer, Susan R

    2016-01-01

    The National Science Foundation (NSF) has a long history of investment in broadening participation (BP) in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. A review of past NSF BP efforts provides insights into how the portfolio of programs and activities has evolved and the broad array of innovative strategies that has been used to increase the participation of groups underrepresented in STEM, including women, minorities, and persons with disabilities. While many are familiar with these long-standing programmatic efforts, BP is also a key component of NSF's strategic plans, has been highlighted in National Science Board reports, and is the focus of ongoing outreach efforts. The majority of familiar BP programs, such as the Louis Stokes Alliances for Minority Participation (now 25 years old), are housed in the Directorate for Education and Human Resources. However, fellowship programs such as the Graduate Research Fellowships and Postdoctoral Research Fellowships under the Directorate for Biological Sciences (and parallel directorates in other STEM disciplines) are frequently used to address underrepresentation in STEM disciplines. The FY2016 and FY2017 budget requests incorporate funding for NSF INCLUDES, a new cross-agency BP initiative that will build on prior successes while addressing national BP challenges. NSF INCLUDES invites the use of innovative approaches for taking evidence-based best practices to scale, ushering in a new era in NSF BP advancement.

  12. The origins of the research on the foundations of quantum mechanics (and other critical activities) in italy during the 1970s

    CERN Document Server

    Baracca, Angelo; Del Santo, Flavio

    2016-01-01

    We present a reconstruction of the studies on the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics (FQM) carried out in Italy at the turn of the 1960s. Actually, they preceded the revival of the interest of the American physicists towards the FQM around mid-1970s, recently reconstructed by David Kaiser in a book of 2011. An element common to both cases is the role played by the young generation, even though the respective motivations were quite different. In the US they reacted to research cuts after the war in Vietnam, and were inspired by the New Age mood. In Italy the dissatisfaction of the young generations was rooted in the student protests of 1968 and the subsequent labour and social fights, which challenged the role of scientists. The young generations of physicists searched for new scientific approaches and challenged their own scientific knowledge and role. The criticism to the FQM and the perspectives of submitting them to experimental tests were perceived as an innovative research field and this attitude was direc...

  13. American Hospice Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Hospice Foundation Skip to content Home Caregiving Learning About Hospice Grief Grieving Children Grief at School Grief at ... for all who come after us. The American Hospice Foundation (AHF) closed its doors in June 2014. ...

  14. Pediatric Brain Tumor Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... you insights into your child's treatment. LEARN MORE Brain tumors and their treatment can be deadly so ... Cancer Foundation joins the PBTF Read more >> Pediatric Brain Tumor Foundation 302 Ridgefield Court, Asheville, NC 28806 ...

  15. Cooley's Anemia Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... role in their lives. Welcome to the Cooley's Anemia Foundation Website The Cooley's Anemia Foundation is dedicated to serving people afflicted with ... major form of this genetic blood disease, Cooley's anemia/thalassemia major. Our mission is advancing the treatment ...

  16. Skin Cancer Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Host a Fundraising Event | About Us | Store The Skin Cancer Foundation The Skin Cancer Foundation is the only ... Handbook A "Sunscreen Gene"? Skin Cancer Facts & Statistics Skin Cancer Treatment Glossary Information on medications and procedures The ...

  17. Toxicology Education Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... bodies and our world. Welcome to the Toxicology Education Foundation! Our mission is to enhance public understanding ... In with us, follow our Tweets, choose Toxicology Education Foundation as your preferred charity through Smile.Amazon. ...

  18. The New Forgotten Half and Research Directions to Support Them. Summary and Key Findings. A William T. Grant Foundation Inequality Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenbaum, James; Ahearn, Caitlin; Becker, Kelly; Rosenbaum, Janet

    2015-01-01

    In 1988, the William T. Grant Foundation issued "The Forgotten Half," the final report of the Foundation's Commission on Youth and America's Future. Focusing on inequality in American society, specifically among non-college-bound 16-24 year olds, the report explored the challenges facing young people and the institutions that serve them.…

  19. Scour Development around Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stroescu, Ionut Emanuel; Frigaard, Peter Bak; Fejerskov, Morten

    2015-01-01

    The design without scour protection is a sensitive topic to most offshore developers, especially in the North Sea. However, newer research show that this concept is realistic if exists extended comprehension of the scour and backfill phenomena. The present paper shows comparative results for mono......The design without scour protection is a sensitive topic to most offshore developers, especially in the North Sea. However, newer research show that this concept is realistic if exists extended comprehension of the scour and backfill phenomena. The present paper shows comparative results...... for monopile and Bucket Foundation; using experimental analysis and real scour surveys around offshore installed Bucket Foundations. The main finding reflect that Bucket Foundation is a candidate for design without scour protection behaving like scour protected monopoles, in a variety of environmental...

  20. American Foundation for AIDS Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... us! Follow Us on Twitter Follow Us on Facebook Follow Us on Instagram Follow Us on YouTube Sign Up for our Newsletter Benefit amfAR While You Shop on Amazon If you shop at AmazonSmile, you can benefit amfAR with every purchase—at no cost to you! Delta SkyWish Not ...

  1. Environmental Foundations in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Krikser

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Foundations in Germany were examined in the context of environmental issues. Data from environmental foundations show that there is huge difference between private and public foundations concerning financial settings. Furthermore, environment is often not the only objective and sometimes not even processed. Our analysis shows that there are different types of foundations with regard to environmental scopes and activities. Although “attractive topics” such as biodiversity and landscape conservation seem to be more important to foundations, less visible topics such as pollution prevention remain merely a “blind spot.” Together, these findings suggest that there is only a limited potential of private foundations compared with public foundations. Nevertheless, there might be an impact on environmental awareness and local sustainability.

  2. Theoretical foundations for collaboration engineering

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolfschoten, G.L.

    2007-01-01

    Collaboration is often presented as the solution to numerous problems in business and society. However, collaboration is challenging, and collaboration support is not an off-the-shelf-product. This research offers theoretical foundations for Collaboration Engineering. Collaboration Engineering is an

  3. Sociolinguistic Foundations of Language Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ornstein-Galicia, Jacob L.

    An answer to the question of what sociolinguistics has to offer to the art of language assessment is sought in exploration of the following topics: (1) a history of the development of sociolinguistics and an outline of the research on dialectology; (2) a review of basic sociolinguistic foundations and theories about language, society, domains of…

  4. Corporate Ownership by Industrial Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Steen

    1999-01-01

    to be relatively inefficient since they lack monitoring by residual claimants and access to equity finance from the stock market. Nevertheless, empirical research (Thomsen 1996) has found that Danish foundation-owned companies do no worse in terms of profitability and growth than companies with dispersed ownership...

  5. Fraction Sense: Foundational Understandings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fennell, Francis Skip; Karp, Karen

    2016-08-09

    The intent of this commentary is to identify elements of fraction sense and note how the research studies provided in this special issue, in related but somewhat different ways, validate the importance of such understandings. Proficiency with fractions serves as a prerequisite for student success in higher level mathematics, as well as serving as a gateway to many occupations and varied contexts beyond the mathematics classroom. Fraction sense is developed through instructional opportunities involving fraction equivalence and magnitude, comparing and ordering fractions, using fraction benchmarks, and computational estimation. Such foundations are then extended to operations involving fractions and decimals and applications involving proportional reasoning. These components of fraction sense are all addressed in the studies provided in this issue, with particular consideration devoted to the significant importance of the use of the number line as a central representational tool for conceptually understanding fraction magnitude.

  6. Foundations of quantum gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Lindesay, James

    2013-01-01

    Exploring how the subtleties of quantum coherence can be consistently incorporated into Einstein’s theory of gravitation, this book is ideal for researchers interested in the foundations of relativity and quantum physics. The book examines those properties of coherent gravitating systems that are most closely connected to experimental observations. Examples of consistent co-gravitating quantum systems whose overall effects upon the geometry are independent of the coherence state of each constituent are provided, and the properties of the trapping regions of non-singular black objects, black holes, and a dynamic de Sitter cosmology are discussed analytically, numerically, and diagrammatically. The extensive use of diagrams to summarise the results of the mathematics enables readers to bypass the need for a detailed understanding of the steps involved. Assuming some knowledge of quantum physics and relativity, the book provides textboxes featuring supplementary information for readers particularly interested ...

  7. English Language Learners with Reading Disabilities: A Review of the Literature and the Foundation for a Research Agenda. Research Report. ETS RR-09-20

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shore, Jane R.; Sabatini, John

    2009-01-01

    The issue of identifying reading difficulties and disabilities in English language learners (ELLs) is a complex one. It is an area that draws on the diverse disciplines of first- and second-language acquisition, literacy, English language learning, and reading, including differences and disabilities research. This literature review aims to…

  8. Corporate Ownership by Industrial Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Steen

    1999-01-01

    Industrial foundations are self-governing non profit institutions that own business companies. This ownership structure is found in a fair number of Northern European companies, some of them successful world class competitors. Standard agency theory would predict foundation-owned companies...... to be relatively inefficient since they lack monitoring by residual claimants and access to equity finance from the stock market. Nevertheless, empirical research (Thomsen 1996) has found that Danish foundation-owned companies do no worse in terms of profitability and growth than companies with dispersed ownership...... or family ownership. The paper considers and tests alternative explanations of this paradox. Explanations based on tax incentives, alternative control mechanisms and product-market advantages are rejected, but some support is found for performance advantages related to family control and long term business...

  9. Progress and expectation of researches on the theoretical foundations for the physical education curriculum reform in the new century%新世纪体育课程改革理论基础研究进展与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董翠香; 贾洪洲

    2013-01-01

    The authors studied the curriculum reform and published scientific researches on the“theoretical founda-tions”for the physical education curriculum reform carried out in China for over 10 years, and then drew the fol-lowing conclusion: the philosophical foundation, disciplinary foundation and principle foundation of the physical education curriculum reform affected the physical education curriculum reform in a macroscopic, meso-scopic or microscopic way respectively, and played different roles, but the principle foundation played a foundation stone laying role in the physical education curriculum reform. Based on their study, the authors suggested that follow-up researches probe into and take hold of the theoretical foundations for the physical education curriculum reform from the perspectives of monographic study, systematology, historical development and top-level design.%研究我国十余年课程改革及体育课程改革“理论基础”相关科研成果,认为:体育课程改革的哲学基础、学科基础、原理基础分别从宏观、中观、微观层面影响着体育课程改革,且发挥着不同的作用,但原理基础对体育课程改革起着奠基作用。并在此基础上建议后续研究从专题研究角度、系统论角度、历史发展角度及顶层设计角度探讨体育课程改革的理论基础。

  10. The Monopod Bucket Foundation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bakmar, Christian LeBlanc; Ahle, Kim; Nielsen, Søren A.

    2009-01-01

    Following the successful installation of a prototype of a monopod bucket foundation, also called a “monopod suction caisson”, at Horns Rev 2 Offshore Wind Farm, Denmark, in 2009, DONG Energy is currently developing a commercialization strategy. The monopod bucket foundation is a promising...... foundation concept for offshore wind turbines and can be installed using suction assisted penetration, combined with other installation methods. This selfinstalling foundation concept, may avoid the use of expensive jack-ups and scour protection, and thus significantly reduces installation costs. However...

  11. Research on the Technology of Deep Mixing Pile for Soft Foundation Construction%深层搅拌桩处理软基施工工艺研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁毅

    2014-01-01

    Deep mixing is a method in which mixing foundation soil (soil or sand) with curing agent by using deep mixing machines compulsorily to promote the strength of the foundation. The effect is significant for the soft founda-tion treatment,and has high degree of practical function for silt, sandy soil, powder soil and sandy soil. This article introduces the construction process of deep mixing pile in soft foundation and the matching experiment in the soft foundation treatment.%深层搅拌是通过深层搅拌机械将地基土壤(土或者沙)与固化剂强制的拌和,从而提升地基的强度。该方法在对软基的处理上效果十分显著,对于淤泥、砂土泥炭土、粉性土以及砂土的实用度很高。文中将对深层搅拌桩对于软基的施工工艺和在施工过程中配比实验进行介绍和探究。

  12. 海上风机基础设计方法研究%Research on Design Method of Offshore Wind Turbine Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高建新

    2014-01-01

    This article mainly studies on wind turbine foundation design for offshore wind farms. To ensure the appli-cability of offshore wind turbine foundation, sea areas with different depth were selected. Based on detailed parame-ters of 3.0 MW wind generator, calculation and analysis on three basic foundation types were made, including single pile, one-legged three piles and jacket legs. In the end, different offshore wind turbine foundations were discussed and design ideas for offshore wind turbine foundations were proposed.%主要针对海上风电场的风机基础设计进行研究。为保证海上风机基础的适用性,将选取不同深度的海域分别进行研究。根据3.0,MW 风力发电机的详细参数,对单桩式、独腿三桩式和导管架式三种基础型式分别进行结构计算分析。通过对不同海上风机基础的分析论证,提供海上风机基础的设计思路。

  13. Research on Reconnaissance Method of Karst Area Foundation Construction%岩溶地基施工勘察方法探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁瑞华

    2015-01-01

    We have encountered a variety of complex Karst foundation in the process of thermal power plant designing in Northwest Electric Power Design Institute. From the perspective of ground treatment program, they can be divided into shallow foundation and deep foundation. This paper summed up the investigation method of shallow foundation and deep foundation in the Karst development region, against the cave, melting tank and solution groove, so that provide a reference to the follow deigns.%近年来在我院设计的火力发电厂工程中已遇到过各种复杂的岩溶地基,从地基处理方案的角度,可将他们分为浅基础地基、深基础地基。本文通过对浅基础地基及深基础地基的地基处理设计及施工经验的总结,归纳出岩溶发育强烈地区针对溶洞、溶槽、溶沟等问题的浅基础地基、深基础地基的施工勘察方法,对后续类似工程提供参考。

  14. Research on Offshore Wind Turbine Foundation Form%海上风力发电机组基础形式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑师亮

    2013-01-01

    Offshore wind turbine foundation is an important part of the offshore wind farm construction. This paper introd-uces various types of offshore wind turbine foundation and th-eir characteristics, provides the reference for the selection of o-ffshore wind turbine foundation in offshore wind farm constru-ction.%  海上风力发电机组基础是海上风电场建设的重要一环。文章介绍了海上风力发电机组的各种基础形式及其各自的特点,为海上风电场建设中海上风机基础形式的选择提供参考。

  15. 地方青少年发展基金会发展研究%Research on Development of Local Youth Development foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张延松

    2014-01-01

    The challenges and the status quo of local youth development foundation are analyzed in this paper. This paper thinks that local youth development foundation is a special fund groups, and for social transformation on local youth development foundation, challenges are more than opportunities. Meanwhile, the strategy choice and practical path with strong realistic pertinence and applicability are proposed.%对地方青少年发展基金会面临的挑战和现状进行分析,认为地方青少年发展基金会是一类较为特殊的基金会群体,社会转型对地方青少年发展基金会来说,挑战大于机遇。提出了具有很强现实针对性和应用性的战略选择和现实路径。

  16. Moebius Syndrome Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to Moebius syndrome Who we are Mission and History Foundation leadership Scientific advisory board Press room Our stories Financial ... to Moebius syndrome » Who we are » Mission and History » Foundation leadership » Scientific advisory board » Press room » Our stories » Financial ...

  17. Foundations for Critical Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bers, Trudy; Chun, Marc; Daly, William T.; Harrington, Christine; Tobolowsky, Barbara F.

    2015-01-01

    "Foundations for Critical Thinking" explores the landscape of critical-thinking skill development and pedagogy through foundational chapters and institutional case studies involving a range of students in diverse settings. By establishing a link between active learning and improved critical thinking, this resource encourages all higher…

  18. Modelling Foundations and Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Modelling Foundations and Applications, held in Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark, in July 2012. The 20 revised full foundations track papers and 10 revised full applications track papers presented were carefully reviewed...

  19. [Analysis on Research Projects Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China at the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases during 2003-2013].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Xiao-jun; Zheng, Bin; Yi, Feng-yun; Xiong, Yan-hong; Zhang, Min-qi

    2015-04-01

    The data of the National Natural Science Foundation (NSFC) projests obtained by the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases (NIPD), Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC) during 2003-2013 were collected from internet-based science information system of NSFC, and NSFC search tool of Dingxiang Garden (http://nsfc.biomart.cn/). The number of funded projects, their subject classification and approved amount were analyzed, and compared with the other institutes of China CDC. Furthermore, the rationalization proposals were given in order to enhance the level of foundation management in the future.

  20. A Review of the Ford Foundation Study Titled: "State Higher Education Systems and College Completion." Research Report No. 93-06R.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Cathy; Brann, Herman I.

    In November 1992, the Ford Foundation published a study entitled "State Higher Education Systems and College Completion," which argued that states that relied heavily on community colleges in their postsecondary educational system, such as California, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin, were not efficient in producing bachelor degree (BA)…

  1. 從課程學理基礎與核心素養論K-12 年級課程綱要A Research on Curriculum Theoretical Foundations and Key Competencies of K-12 Curriculum Guideline in

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    蔡清田Ching-Tien Tsai

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available 本研究結合了研究者近年主持的兩件整合型研究計畫初步成果,包括國家教育研究院所委託執行的「K-12中小學一貫課程綱要核心素養與各領域之連貫體系研究」與「中小學課程相關之課程、教學、認知發展等學理基礎與理論趨向」,這些研究旨在建立我國未來幼兒教育、初等教育、前期中等教育及後期中等教育的「K-12年級課程綱要」之課程發展學理基礎,預備下一波課程改革。本文從核心素養與課程學理的教育哲學、教學理論、認知心理學、文化研究與社會變遷等角度切入,分析課程發展相關學理基礎,並依據課程學理與核心素養研究,對我國「K-12年級課程綱要」的基本理念、課程目標、核心素養、學習領域及實施通則等提出建議,冀能提升我國國民核心素養。 The main goal of this research aims to build theoretical foundations of curriculum development in order to prepare for the next curriculum reform regarding the K-12 curriculum guideline in Taiwan. So far as theoretical foundations of curriculum development is concerned, this research focuses on the relationships between key competencies and curriculum theoretical foundations regarding with five theoretical dimensions – educational philosophy, teaching theory, cognitive psychology, cultural studies and social change. First, the researcher analyses key competencies and theoretical foundations of curriculum development according to the literature review of the related curriculum theories and related studies. Second, the researcher builds up a set of theoretical foundations regarding curriculum development which is suitable for Taiwanese historical and cultural contexts. Finally, according to the new set of curriculum theoretical foundations, the researcher makes some suggestions for the future K-12 curriculum guidelines in Taiwan.

  2. Cognitive Foundations for Visual Analytics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greitzer, Frank L.; Noonan, Christine F.; Franklin, Lyndsey

    2011-02-25

    In this report, we provide an overview of scientific/technical literature on information visualization and VA. Topics discussed include an update and overview of the extensive literature search conducted for this study, the nature and purpose of the field, major research thrusts, and scientific foundations. We review methodologies for evaluating and measuring the impact of VA technologies as well as taxonomies that have been proposed for various purposes to support the VA community. A cognitive science perspective underlies each of these discussions.

  3. Hepatitis B Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... worldwide 2 Billion People have been infected with Hepatitis B Worldwide The Hepatitis B Foundation is working on ... of people living with hepatitis B. Learn About Hepatitis B in 11 Other Languages . Resource Video See More ...

  4. Patient Advocate Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Resources CoPay Resources Healthcare Reform Prevention View Resource Click here to submit a resource Subscribe Copyright © 2012 Patient Advocate Foundation Headquarters: 421 Butler Farm Road, Hampton, VA 23666 Phone: (800) 532-5274 - ...

  5. Restless Legs Syndrome Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Into Relieved Are you experiencing symptoms linked to restless legs syndrome (RLS)? Find tools and support to help get ... I couldn’t sleep. Fortunately, I found the Restless Legs Syndrome Foundation and learned what type of doctor to ...

  6. Lupus Foundation of America

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and Testing New Treatments Learn More About the Lupus Foundation of America We are devoted to solving ... Spam Control Text: Please leave this field empty Lupus FAQ What is lupus? What are the common ...

  7. Carcinoid Cancer Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Assistance News Blog E-News Archives Contact Donate Carcinoid Cancer Foundation Navigation Home About Back Our Founder Mission ... FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS SUPPORT GROUPS The ABC's of Carcinoid and Neuroendocrine Tumors Three of the world’s leading ...

  8. The foundations of statistics

    CERN Document Server

    Savage, Leonard J

    1972-01-01

    Classic analysis of the foundations of statistics and development of personal probability, one of the greatest controversies in modern statistical thought. Revised edition. Calculus, probability, statistics, and Boolean algebra are recommended.

  9. Stuttering Foundation of America

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... is from their doctor. Read More Powerful New Film Reveals Emotional Impact of Stuttering The life impact ... President Introduces Award-Winning Author at St. Simons School Stuttering Foundation President Jane Fraser had the honor ...

  10. American Lyme Disease Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Infectious Diseases, 35: 451-464, 2002) What is Lyme Disease? Lyme disease (LD) is an infection caused by ... mission with your own tax-deductible contribution. American Lyme Disease Foundation, Inc. PO Box 466 Lyme, CT 06371 ...

  11. Foundations of laser spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Stenholm, Stig

    2005-01-01

    A simple presentation of the theoretical foundations of steady-state laser spectroscopy, this text helps students to apply theory to calculations with a systematic series of examples and exercises. 1984 edition.

  12. Sjogren's Syndrome Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and receive discounts on Sjögren's resources. Follow Us Online! Join the SSF on Twitter, YouTube, Facebook, and Linkedin! anxiety © 2016 Sjögren’s Syndrome Foundation, Inc. 6707 Democracy Blvd, Ste 325, Bethesda, ...

  13. Foundations of Information Theory

    OpenAIRE

    Burgin, Mark

    2008-01-01

    Information is the basic concept of information theory. However, there is no definition of this concept that can encompass all uses of the term information in information theories and beyond. Many question a possibility of such a definition. However, foundations of information theory developed in the context of the general theory of information made it possible to build such a relevant and at the same time, encompassing definition. Foundations of information theory are built in a form of onto...

  14. Foundational aspects of security

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chatzikokolakis, Konstantinos; Mödersheim, Sebastian Alexander; Palamidessi, Catuscia

    2014-01-01

    This Special Issue of the Journal of Computer Security focuses on foundational aspects of security, which in recent years have helped change much of the way we think about and approach system security.......This Special Issue of the Journal of Computer Security focuses on foundational aspects of security, which in recent years have helped change much of the way we think about and approach system security....

  15. Case study and case-based research in emergency nursing and care: Theoretical foundations and practical application in paramedic pre-hospital clinical judgment and decision-making of patients with mental illness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaban, Ramon Z; Considine, Julie; Fry, Margaret; Curtis, Kate

    2017-02-01

    Generating knowledge through quality research is fundamental to the advancement of professional practice in emergency nursing and care. There are multiple paradigms, designs and methods available to researchers to respond to challenges in clinical practice. Systematic reviews, randomised control trials and other forms of experimental research are deemed the gold standard of evidence, but there are comparatively few such trials in emergency care. In some instances it is not possible or appropriate to undertake experimental research. When exploring new or emerging problems where there is limited evidence available, non-experimental methods are required and appropriate. This paper provides the theoretical foundations and an exemplar of the use of case study and case-based research to explore a new and emerging problem in the context of emergency care. It examines pre-hospital clinical judgement and decision-making of mental illness by paramedics. Using an exemplar the paper explores the theoretical foundations and conceptual frameworks of case study, it explains how cases are defined and the role researcher in this form of inquiry, it details important principles and the procedures for data gathering and analysis, and it demonstrates techniques to enhance trustworthiness and credibility of the research. Moreover, it provides theoretically and practical insights into using case study in emergency care. Copyright © 2017 College of Emergency Nursing Australasia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Information Update Research Fellowship for International Young Scientists NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research Projects With Danish National Research Foundation NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research Projects with DFG News in Brief: NSFC set up Department of Medical Sciences NSFC Announced Approved Cooperative Projects With France and Germany NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research Projects With Academy of Finland NSFC Announced Application Guide for Cooperative Research Projects with K. T. Li Foundation NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research projects With Japan Science and Technology Agency NSFC Announced Application Guide for Cooperative Research Projects With Royal Society of Edinburgh for 2010 NSFC Announced a List of proved Cooperative Projects With Three International Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Research Fellowship for International Young Scientists NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research Projects With Danish National Research Foundation NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research Projects with DFG News in Brief: NSFC set up Department of Medical Sciences NSFC Announced Approved Cooperative Projects With France and Germany NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research Projects With Academy of Finland NSFC Announced Application Guide for Cooperative Research Projects with K. T. Li Foundation NSFC Announced Results of Preliminary Evaluation of Bilateral Cooperative Research projects With Japan Science and Technology Agency NSFC Announced Application Guide for Cooperative Research Projects With Royal Society of Edinburgh for 2010 NSFC Announced a List of proved Cooperative Projects With Three International Organizations

  17. Philosophical foundations of human rights

    CERN Document Server

    Liao, Matthew S

    2015-01-01

    What makes something a human right? What is the relationship between the moral foundations of human rights and human rights law? What are the difficulties of appealing to human rights? This book offers the first comprehensive survey of current thinking on the philosophical foundations of human rights. Divided into four parts, this book focusses firstly on the moral grounds of human rights, for example in our dignity, agency, interests or needs. 'Secondly, it looks at the implications that different moral perspectives on human rights bear for human rights law and politics. Thirdly, it discusses specific and topical human rights including freedom of expression and religion, security, health and more controversial rights such as a human right to subsistence. The final part discusses nuanced critical and reformative views on human rights from feminist, Kantian and relativist perspectives among others. The essays represent new and canonical research by leading scholars in the field. Each part is comprised of a set...

  18. Level Classifications of Foundation Stiffness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Lars Bo; Liingaard, Morten

    2007-01-01

    This article describes a foundation module developed and implemented in both HAWC and FLEX capable of to simulate the frequency dependent stiffness and damping of foundations e.g. pile, gravitation and bucket foundations.......This article describes a foundation module developed and implemented in both HAWC and FLEX capable of to simulate the frequency dependent stiffness and damping of foundations e.g. pile, gravitation and bucket foundations....

  19. 信息系统定性与定量研究方法的哲学基础%Philosophical Foundation of Qualitative and Quantitative Research Approaches in Information Systems Research Studies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周力虹; 李旭光; 刘玉青; 赵笛

    2011-01-01

    我国一部分有关信息系统研究的文献还停留在运用实证分析的方法测试国外学者的观点及其建立的理论模型这一层面上.这些植根于欧美发达国家社会环境中的理论和模型,不能够完全适应中国目前高速发展的经济环境和社会文化环境.本文从信息系统研究的哲学基础出发,论证定量和定性这两种方法的不同.针对某些研究者青睐定量研究方法这一现象,提出定量或者定性方法的选择应基于哲学的角度,准确地辨别研究对象的差异,针对不同研究目的、需求和研究环境,选择正确的研究方法和途径,从而充分发挥定量和定性研究方法的优势,建立适合于我国经济发展现状的理论模型.%A large number of Information Systems (IS) researches in China adopt a positivist epistemological perspective and aim at testing existing concepts, models, and theories, which are very often rooted in the social context of Western countries and are established by mainly Western scholars. Thus, these models and theories are usually not entirely applicable to the economical, social and cultural environment of China. This paper discusses the differences between qualitative and quantitative research approaches on the basis of in-depth exploration and discussion of the philosophical foundation of IS research. The conclusion advocate that the selection of quantitative or qualitative research approaches, methods and techniques must be based on a clear identification of the philosophical perspective of an IS project, in accordance with the aims, questions, requirements of research as well as the research context. In this way, advantages of both research approaches can be fully operationalized and applied for the purposes of either developing, or verifying models and theories grounded in the current situation of Chinese social, economic and political development.

  20. Transient Monotonic and Cyclic Load Effects on Mono Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Søren Dam

    and when hitting the foundation they induce high impact loads with a short duration. It is important that the foundation is able to resists these huge loads. Fortunately, the conducted research showed that the capacity of the mono bucket foundation is high to impact loads. When exposed to a huge wave load...

  1. 30 January 2012 - Danish National Research Foundation Chairman of board K. Bock and University of Copenhagen Rector R. Hemmingsen visiting ATLAS underground experimental area, CERN Control Centre and ALICE underground experimental area, throughout accompanied by J. Dines Hansen and B. Svane Nielsen; signing the guest book with CERN Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci and Head of International Relations F. Pauss.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2012-01-01

    30 January 2012 - Danish National Research Foundation Chairman of board K. Bock and University of Copenhagen Rector R. Hemmingsen visiting ATLAS underground experimental area, CERN Control Centre and ALICE underground experimental area, throughout accompanied by J. Dines Hansen and B. Svane Nielsen; signing the guest book with CERN Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci and Head of International Relations F. Pauss.

  2. Modelling Foundations and Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th European Conference on Modelling Foundations and Applications, held in Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark, in July 2012. The 20 revised full foundations track papers and 10 revised full applications track papers presented were carefully reviewed...... and selected from 81 submissions. Papers on all aspects of MDE were received, including topics such as architectural modelling and product lines, code generation, domain-specic modeling, metamodeling, model analysis and verication, model management, model transformation and simulation. The breadth of topics...

  3. Foundations of predictive analytics

    CERN Document Server

    Wu, James

    2012-01-01

    Drawing on the authors' two decades of experience in applied modeling and data mining, Foundations of Predictive Analytics presents the fundamental background required for analyzing data and building models for many practical applications, such as consumer behavior modeling, risk and marketing analytics, and other areas. It also discusses a variety of practical topics that are frequently missing from similar texts. The book begins with the statistical and linear algebra/matrix foundation of modeling methods, from distributions to cumulant and copula functions to Cornish--Fisher expansion and o

  4. Foundations of Inference

    CERN Document Server

    Knuth, Kevin H

    2010-01-01

    We present a foundation for inference that unites and significantly extends the approaches of Kolmogorov and Cox. Our approach is based on quantifying finite lattices of logical statements in a way that satisfies general lattice symmetries. With other applications in mind, our derivations assume minimal symmetries, relying on neither complementarity nor continuity or differentiability. Each relevant symmetry corresponds to an axiom of quantification, and these axioms are used to derive a unique set of rules governing quantification of the lattice. These rules form the familiar probability calculus. We also derive a unique quantification of divergence and information. Taken together these results form a simple and clear foundation for the quantification of inference.

  5. TCP/IP foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Blank, Andrew G

    2006-01-01

    The world of IT is always evolving, but in every area there are stable, core concepts that anyone just setting out needed to know last year, needs to know this year, and will still need to know next year. The purpose of the Foundations series is to identify these concepts and present them in a way that gives you the strongest possible starting point, no matter what your endeavor. TCP/IP Foundations provides essential knowledge about the two protocols that form the basis for the Internet, as well as many other networks. What you learn here will benefit you in the short term, as you acquire and

  6. Foundations of stochastic analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Rao, M M; Lukacs, E

    1981-01-01

    Foundations of Stochastic Analysis deals with the foundations of the theory of Kolmogorov and Bochner and its impact on the growth of stochastic analysis. Topics covered range from conditional expectations and probabilities to projective and direct limits, as well as martingales and likelihood ratios. Abstract martingales and their applications are also discussed. Comprised of five chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the basic Kolmogorov-Bochner theorem, followed by a discussion on conditional expectations and probabilities containing several characterizations of operators and mea

  7. Foundations of Risk Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Aven, Terje

    2012-01-01

    Foundations of Risk Analysis presents the issues core to risk analysis - understanding what risk means, expressing risk, building risk models, addressing uncertainty, and applying probability models to real problems. The author provides the readers with the knowledge and basic thinking they require to successfully manage risk and uncertainty to support decision making. This updated edition reflects recent developments on risk and uncertainty concepts, representations and treatment. New material in Foundations of Risk Analysis includes:An up to date presentation of how to understand, define and

  8. Impedance of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lars; Ibsen, Lars Bo; Liingaard, Morten

    2008-01-01

    Modern offshore wind turbines are flexible structures with natural frequencies near the excitation frequencies related to wave and wind-induced loads. In order to obtain a reliable prediction of the structural response, the dynamic stiffness of the foundation must be evaluated accurately...... solutions, finding that the present boundary-element-finite-element model provides accurate results. The influence of the soil properties as well as the skirt length of the foundation is analysed, and each dynamic stiffness component is computed as function of a non-dimensional frequency....

  9. Jeffrey Modell Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... with the PI Community VILLAGE PARK Apply to WIN or have fun at the Kids Zone AIRPORT Fly into our airport & become a “Dream ... Café Social Hub Vicki's Voice Resources Village Park WIN Patients Organizations World PI Week Kids Zone Airport Roots & Wings Jeffrey Modell Foundation Global PI ...

  10. Sarcoma Foundation of America

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Google+ Twitter LinkedIn YouTube © 2017 Sarcoma Foundation of America | All Rights Reserved. | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy Website Design & Hosting by 270net Technologies, Inc. X - Enter Your Location - - or - Get your current location Home About Us History People Public Filings News & Media SFA in the ...

  11. National Emphysema Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... HOME THE LUNG COPD / Emphysema Advice for COPD/Emphysema Patients from Dr. Petty Asthma Interstitial Lung Disease PREVENTION Smoking Pollution and the Environment Occupational Health Hazards Early Detection LIVING with COPD Therapeutic ... joomla Welcome to the National Emphysema Foundation (NEF) This site is for the benefit ...

  12. Buckling of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Søren; Andersen, Lars Vabbersgaard; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the risk of structural buckling during installation of large-diameter bucket foundations is addressed using numerical methods. Imperfect geometries are introduced based on the pre-buckling mode shapes from a linear Eigenvalue buckling analysis. Various imperfect geometries are intr...

  13. Foundations of factor analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Mulaik, Stanley A

    2009-01-01

    Introduction Factor Analysis and Structural Theories Brief History of Factor Analysis as a Linear Model Example of Factor AnalysisMathematical Foundations for Factor Analysis Introduction Scalar AlgebraVectorsMatrix AlgebraDeterminants Treatment of Variables as Vectors Maxima and Minima of FunctionsComposite Variables and Linear Transformations Introduction Composite Variables Unweighted Composite VariablesDifferentially Weighted Composites Matrix EquationsMulti

  14. Epistemological Foundations of School Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izquierdo-Aymerich, Mercè; Adúriz-Bravo, Agustín

    Based on a synthesis of contributions from different authors, we present a theoretical framework that provides some foundations for school science, and we define some research problems. We start from what is already known about students' models and cognition in order to construct proposals of didactical intervention. The cognitive model of science, developed in the philosophy of science through studying scientists' activity, has allowed us to propose an analogous model for school science in which experimentation and language play the key roles. We emphasise the relative independence of school science and scientists' science.

  15. Ensemble Methods Foundations and Algorithms

    CERN Document Server

    Zhou, Zhi-Hua

    2012-01-01

    An up-to-date, self-contained introduction to a state-of-the-art machine learning approach, Ensemble Methods: Foundations and Algorithms shows how these accurate methods are used in real-world tasks. It gives you the necessary groundwork to carry out further research in this evolving field. After presenting background and terminology, the book covers the main algorithms and theories, including Boosting, Bagging, Random Forest, averaging and voting schemes, the Stacking method, mixture of experts, and diversity measures. It also discusses multiclass extension, noise tolerance, error-ambiguity a

  16. Anomalous Transport Foundations and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Klages, Rainer; Sokolov, Igor M

    2008-01-01

    This multi-author reference work provides a unique introduction to the currently emerging, highly interdisciplinary field of those transport processes that cannot be described by using standard methods of statistical mechanics. It comprehensively summarizes topics ranging from mathematical foundations of anomalous dynamics to the most recent experiments in this field. In so doing, this monograph extracts and emphasizes common principles and methods from many different disciplines while providing up-to-date coverage of this new field of research, considering such diverse applications as plasma

  17. NEWS: Solid foundations?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-07-01

    Among the initiatives to be found at UK universities is a vocational award with the title `University Foundation Degree' at Nottingham Trent University. This qualification will be offered in 14 different subjects including four in the Faculty of Science and Mathematics, in the areas of applied biology, applied sciences, chemistry and physics. The courses will be available on a two-year full-time, three-year sandwich or a part-time basis. Set at a higher standard and specification than the Higher National Diplomas which it replaces, the UFD has been devised in consultation with industry and will cover the technical and specialist areas demanded by employers to combat skills shortages. The UFD in applied sciences concentrates on practical applications through laboratory, IT and project work, supported by lectures and seminars. At the end students can enter the employment market or transfer onto the second year of a degree course. Science-based careers including research and development would be the aim of those taking the UFD in physics. The first year develops the fundamentals of modern physics supported by studies in mathematics, IT and computer programming, whilst year 2 is vocational in nature with industrial problem solving and work experience as well as an academic theme associated with environmental aspects of the subject. Those who complete the UFD will be allowed automatic progression to a specified honours degree course and would normally be expected to study for a further two years for this award. However, those demonstrating an outstanding academic performance can transfer to the linked degree programme at the end of the first year via fast-track modules. Back in May the UK's Quality Assurance Agency (QAA) announced new standard benchmarks for degrees. These will be introduced into higher education institutions from 2002 to outline the knowledge, understanding and skills a student should gain from a particular higher education course. These benchmark

  18. Birth of the Canadian Digestive Health Foundation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Ivan T

    2004-01-01

    The Canadian Digestive Disease Foundation, renamed the Canadian Digestive Health Foundation--Fondation canadienne pour la promotion de la santé digestive--in December 2001, is the culmination of ongoing efforts by the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology to establish an independent charitable organization. In February 2001, it was officially endorsed as the Foundation for the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology. The initial efforts to establish this Foundation, led by Dr Richard McKenna in 1963, were unsuccessful. In 1991, Glaxo Canada (now GlaxoSmithKline) became a founding donor, and with the four founding physicians--Drs Ivan T Beck, Richard H Hunt, Suzanne E Lemire and Alan BR Thomson--the expenses to establish the Foundation were met. A charitable number was obtained in 1995 (0997427-11). The second founding donor was Janssen Canada (now Janssen-Ortho), and public education support came from Astra Canada (now AstraZeneca Canada). The Foundation initially relied on corporate donors, but now approaches physicians, patients and the general public. The objectives of the Foundation are to advance the science of gastroenterology and to provide knowledge of digestive diseases and nutrition to the general public, to enhance the quality of life of persons who are afflicted with these disorders. The major achievements of the Foundation are the provision of one-year operating grants to new investigators, which have allowed them to accumulate early data and subsequently obtain support from other major granting organizations. It also provides Fellowships and studentship support grants, in conjunction with the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the pharmaceutical industry. The education committee found that there was little research support in this field, considering the large economic burden of digestive disease and the amount of outstanding work done by Canadian researchers. A bilingual Web site, a web-based specialist's discussion program and bilingual

  19. Cyber warfare building the scientific foundation

    CERN Document Server

    Jajodia, Sushil; Subrahmanian, VS; Swarup, Vipin; Wang, Cliff

    2015-01-01

    This book features a wide spectrum of the latest computer science research relating to cyber warfare, including military and policy dimensions. It is the first book to explore the scientific foundation of cyber warfare and features research from the areas of artificial intelligence, game theory, programming languages, graph theory and more. The high-level approach and emphasis on scientific rigor provides insights on ways to improve cyber warfare defense worldwide. Cyber Warfare: Building the Scientific Foundation targets researchers and practitioners working in cyber security, especially gove

  20. Learning at Not-School: A Review of Study, Theory, and Advocacy for Education in Non-Formal Settings. The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Reports on Digital Media and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sefton-Green, Julian

    2013-01-01

    Schools do not define education, and they are not the only institutions in which learning takes place. After-school programs, music lessons, Scouts, summer camps, on-the-job training, and home activities all offer out-of-school educational experiences. In "Learning at Not-School," Julian Sefton-Green explores studies and scholarly…

  1. Review: Udo Kelle (2007. Die Integration qualitativer und quantitativer Methoden in der empirischen Sozialforschung [Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Empirical Social Research: Theoretical Foundations and Methodological Concepts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeannette Bischkopf

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Udo KELLE adds to the debate on integrating qualitative and quantitative methods by going beyond epistemological and pragmatic arguments and placing a stronger emphasis on the area of research and the actual research questions addressed empirically in social science. The fact that social scientific research mainly involves middle-range theories poses specific methodological problems for each of the two research traditions and makes their combination inevitable. The integrative methodological program the author develops can be understood as a new guiding program for evaluating the strengths and weaknesses of qualitative as well as quantitative methods and for deciding in which area of research and for which research questions each methods is best suited. The book provides a wealth of arguments for a theoretical and methodological integration of the two research traditions but these arguments could have been made more accessible by including more examples from actual research projects. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs080386

  2. Experimental research on combined pile composite foundation with vibro-replacement stone columns and CFG piles%振冲碎石桩与CFG桩组合桩型复合地基试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李继才; 丛建; 曹军; 余博闻

    2017-01-01

    The vibro-replacement stone columns are mainly used to treat the shallow-layer soil and generate one kind of composite foundation in order to reinforce the bearing capacity of the foundation,decrease the settlement and eliminate the sand liquefaction.The CFG pile is settled at the centroid of four gravel columns and the tip of the CFG pile is deep in the hard layer,which plays an important role in controlling the bearing capacity and the displacement of the composite foundation.This paper researches the composite foundation consisting of the vibro-replacement stone columns and the CFG piles before and after the treatment by the static sounding test,the dynamic sounding test and the static load test.The results indicate that the vibro-replacement stone column in the combinedpile composite foundation largely increases the bearing capacity of the single CFG pile and the soil layer,and the smaller the distance between piles,the greater the strengthening effects will be.%振冲碎石桩主要加固浅层地基,与桩间土构成复合地基,使地基承载力提高、变形减少,并可消除砂土层的液化;CFG桩布置在4根碎石桩的形心,桩端置于相对硬层,对复合地基的承载力和变形起控制作用.对某工程试验区振冲碎石桩与CFG桩组合桩型复合地基加固前后静力触探、动力触探和静载荷试验等进行研究,结果表明组合桩型复合地基中的碎石桩较大程度地提高了CFG桩的单桩承载力和地基承载力,桩距越小,加固效果越好.

  3. Mathematical foundations of neurocomputing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amari, S. (Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Engineering)

    1990-09-01

    Neurocomputing makes use of parallel dynamical interactions of modifiable neuron-like elements. It is important to show, by mathematical treatments, the capabilities and limitations of information processing by various architectures of neural networks. This paper, gives mathematical foundations to neurocomputing. It considers the capabilities of transformations by layered networks, statistical neurodynamics, the dynamical characteristics of associative memory, a general theory of neural learning, and self-organization of neural networks.

  4. Foundations of image science

    CERN Document Server

    Barrett, Harrison H

    2013-01-01

    Winner of the 2006 Joseph W. Goodman Book Writing Award! A comprehensive treatment of the principles, mathematics, and statistics of image science In today's visually oriented society, images play an important role in conveying messages. From seismic imaging to satellite images to medical images, our modern society would be lost without images to enhance our understanding of our health, our culture, and our world. Foundations of Image Science presents a comprehensive treatment of the principles, mathematics, and st

  5. Stochastic Games. I. Foundations,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-04-01

    stimulate discussion and critical coment. Requests for single copies of a Paper will be filled by the Cowles Foundation within the limits of the supply...underpinning for the theory of stochastic games. Section 2 is a reworking of the Bevley- Kohlberg result integrated with Shapley’s; the "black magic" of... Kohlberg : The values of the r-discount game, and the stationary optimal strategies, have Puiseaux expansions. L.. 11" 6 3. More generally, consider an

  6. Buckling of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Søren; Andersen, Lars Vabbersgaard; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the risk of structural buckling during installation of large-diameter bucket foundations is addressed using numerical methods. Imperfect geometries are introduced based on the pre-buckling mode shapes from a linear Eigenvalue buckling analysis. Various imperfect geometries...... are introduced to reveal how sensitive the buckling load is to the mentioned imperfections. Including the first 21 mode shapes as imperfect geometries reduces the buckling pressure compared to only considering mode 1....

  7. Topological Foundations of Electromagnetism

    CERN Document Server

    Barrett, Terrence W

    2008-01-01

    Topological Foundations of Electromagnetism seeks a fundamental understanding of the dynamics of electromagnetism; and marshals the evidence that in certain precisely defined topological conditions, electromagnetic theory (Maxwell's theory) must be extended or generalized in order to provide an explanation and understanding of, until now, unusual electromagnetic phenomena. Key to this generalization is an understanding of the circumstances under which the so-called A potential fields have physical effects. Basic to the approach taken is that the topological composition of electromagnetic field

  8. Wronski's Foundations of Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Roi

    2016-09-01

    Argument This paper reconstructs Wronski's philosophical foundations of mathematics. It uses his critique of Lagrange's algebraic analysis as a vignette to introduce the problems that he raised, and argues that these problems have not been properly appreciated by his contemporaries and subsequent commentators. The paper goes on to reconstruct Wronski's mathematical law of creation and his notions of theory and techne, in order to put his objections to Lagrange in their philosophical context. Finally, Wronski's proof of his universal law (the expansion of a given function by any series of functions) is reviewed in terms of the above reconstruction. I argue that Wronski's philosophical approach poses an alternative to the views of his contemporary mainstream mathematicians, which brings up the contingency of their choices, and bridges the foundational concerns of early modernity with those of the twentieth-century foundations crisis. I also argue that Wronski's views may be useful to contemporary philosophy of mathematical practice, if they are read against their metaphysical grain.

  9. Foundations of chaotic mixing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiggins, Stephen; Ottino, Julio M

    2004-05-15

    The simplest mixing problem corresponds to the mixing of a fluid with itself; this case provides a foundation on which the subject rests. The objective here is to study mixing independently of the mechanisms used to create the motion and review elements of theory focusing mostly on mathematical foundations and minimal models. The flows under consideration will be of two types: two-dimensional (2D) 'blinking flows', or three-dimensional (3D) duct flows. Given that mixing in continuous 3D duct flows depends critically on cross-sectional mixing, and that many microfluidic applications involve continuous flows, we focus on the essential aspects of mixing in 2D flows, as they provide a foundation from which to base our understanding of more complex cases. The baker's transformation is taken as the centrepiece for describing the dynamical systems framework. In particular, a hierarchy of characterizations of mixing exist, Bernoulli --> mixing --> ergodic, ordered according to the quality of mixing (the strongest first). Most importantly for the design process, we show how the so-called linked twist maps function as a minimal picture of mixing, provide a mathematical structure for understanding the type of 2D flows that arise in many micromixers already built, and give conditions guaranteeing the best quality mixing. Extensions of these concepts lead to first-principle-based designs without resorting to lengthy computations.

  10. Psychological Foundations of Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王敏

    2016-01-01

    acquisition. This paper first have a brief introduction of the psychological foundations of language so that we have a clear of idea of the reason why we should do research on this topic.Then it comes to discuss the brain mechanisms and language.It points out that different language skills are re-presented in different parts of the brain and individuals who have sustained brain damage often show deficits only in selected aspects of language. Furthermore,it describes the lateralization of language process.Studies of split -brain and normal individual reveal that the left hemisphere of the brain controls language,especially syntactic processes and language production,for most people.The right hemisphere is essentially mute but plays a role in comprehension and in the pragmatic aspects of language.Finally it lists some factors such as the intelligence,sex and heredity in the brain,which have something to do with language.

  11. [History of the development of radiodiagnosis at the Russian Research Center of Roentgenology and Radiology: on the occasion of the 90th anniversary of its foundation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solodkiĭ, V A; Kotliarov, P M; Nudnov, N V

    2014-01-01

    The paper describes the history of the Russian Research Center of Roentgenology and Radiology set up 90 years ago, the main advances of the researchers of the Institute in roentgenology and radiodiagnosis in historical perspective--from the last century up to the present day. It gives a brief list of the most important procedures and publications on radiodiagnosis, which have been developed and published by the Institute's researchers.

  12. Foundations for microstrip circuit design

    CERN Document Server

    Edwards, Terry

    2016-01-01

    Building on the success of the previous three editions, Foundations for Microstrip Circuit Design offers extensive new, updated and revised material based upon the latest research. Strongly design-oriented, this fourth edition provides the reader with a fundamental understanding of this fast expanding field making it a definitive source for professional engineers and researchers and an indispensable reference for senior students in electronic engineering. Topics new to this edition: microwave substrates, multilayer transmission line structures, modern EM tools and techniques, microstrip and planar transmision line design, transmission line theory, substrates for planar transmission lines, Vias, wirebonds, 3D integrated interposer structures, computer-aided design, microstrip and power-dependent effects, circuit models, microwave network analysis, microstrip passive elements, and slotline design fundamentals.

  13. Geometric and numerical foundations of movements

    CERN Document Server

    Mansard, Nicolas; Lasserre, Jean-Bernard

    2017-01-01

    This book aims at gathering roboticists, control theorists, neuroscientists, and mathematicians, in order to promote a multidisciplinary research on movement analysis. It follows the workshop “ Geometric and Numerical Foundations of Movements ” held at LAAS-CNRS in Toulouse in November 2015[1]. Its objective is to lay the foundations for a mutual understanding that is essential for synergetic development in motion research. In particular, the book promotes applications to robotics --and control in general-- of new optimization techniques based on recent results from real algebraic geometry.

  14. Practitioner Perspectives on Foundational Capabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leider, Jonathon P.; Juliano, Chrissie; Castrucci, Brian C.; Beitsch, Leslie M.; Dilley, Abby; Nelson, Rachel; Kaiman, Sherry; Sprague, James B.

    2015-01-01

    Context: National efforts are underway to classify a minimum set of public health services that all jurisdictions throughout the United States should provide regardless of location. Such a set of basic programs would be supported by crosscutting services, known as the “foundational capabilities” (FCs). These FCs are assessment services, preparedness and disaster response, policy development, communications, community partnership, and organizational support activities. Objective: To ascertain familiarity with the term and concept of FCs and gather related perspectives from state and local public health practitioners. Design: In fall 2013, we interviewed 50 leaders from state and local health departments. We asked about familiarity with the term “foundational capabilities,” as well as the broader concept of FCs. We attempted to triangulate the utility of the FC concept by asking respondents about priority programs and services, about perceived unique contributions made by public health, and about prevalence and funding for the FCs. Setting: Telephone-based interviews. Participants: Fifty leaders of state and local health departments. Main Outcome Measures: Practitioner familiarity with and perspectives on the FCs, information about current funding streams for public health, and the likelihood of creating nationwide FCs that would be recognized and accepted by all jurisdictions. Results: Slightly more than half of the leaders interviewed said that they were familiar with the concept of FCs. In most cases, health departments had all of the capabilities to some degree, although operationalization varied. Few indicated that current funding levels were sufficient to support implementing a minimum level of FCs nationally. Conclusions: Respondents were not able to articulate the current or optimal levels of services for the various capabilities, nor the costs associated with them. Further research is needed to understand the role of FCs as part of the foundational

  15. The foundation of self-esteem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailey, Joseph A

    2003-05-01

    Self-esteem is a simplistic term for varied and complex mental states pertaining to how one views oneself. It takes but little research in the voluminous literature to see the vagueness and inconsistencies in its various definitions. Even more problematic is the uncertainty concerning its foundational components. The importance of having a solid definition and specific ideas about the foundational components of self-esteem is that both pave the way to recognizing its causes; to predicting effects from those causes; and to organizing the trouble-shooting process for locating those philosophical flaws or psychological scars which lead to low self-esteem. The purpose of this paper is to offer a common ground for thinking about self-esteem at its most basic level. In order to distinguish the "basic level" from the rest of the components of self-esteem, let us liken it to a skyscraper building. Here, the focus is on the building's "underground foundation" and the base upon which that foundation rests. The base is a definition that allows for the assessment of the foundation. The underground foundation itself consists of the mental building blocks called self-meaning, self-identity, self-image, and self-concepts. To help illustrate their interactions, a few of the "masks" and "faces" of self-esteem will be mentioned. What is not being addressed is the "above ground structure"--those theories and manifestations dealt with by most mental health specialists.

  16. The foundational ontology library ROMULUS

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Khan, ZC

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A purpose of a foundational ontology is to solve interoperability issues among domain ontologies and they are used for ontology- driven conceptual data modelling. Multiple foundational ontologies have been developed in recent years, and most of them...

  17. Scour around Offshore Windturbine Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Brian Juul; De Vos, Leen; Frigaard, Peter

    For the present report a testprogramme has been performed to determine the scour around offshore windturbine foundations.......For the present report a testprogramme has been performed to determine the scour around offshore windturbine foundations....

  18. Wave Forces on Windturbine Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Brian Juul; Frigaard, Peter

    A testprogramme has been performed to determine the wave forces on two types of foundations for an offshore windturbine. the tested foundation types are a monopile and cone. Furthermore the shaft of the cone has been tested.......A testprogramme has been performed to determine the wave forces on two types of foundations for an offshore windturbine. the tested foundation types are a monopile and cone. Furthermore the shaft of the cone has been tested....

  19. Review: Sebastian Ziegaus (2009. Die Abhängigkeit der Sozialwissenschaften von ihren Medien. Grundlagen einer kommunikativen Sozialforschung [The Social Sciences' Dependency on their Media. Foundations of Communicative Social Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmin Siri

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In this study Sebastian ZIEGAUS analyzes the communicative construction of scientific practice. With developments in new media and the internet, new means of interaction in research systems evolve. ZIEGAUS's interest lies in the interaction between researcher and research object. He points to a lack of methodological reflection regarding interactional and medial effects in the social sciences. He thus argues that the self-description of social sciences must change through the implementation of the ideal of "communicative social research." ZIEGAUS does not adopt the perspective of a social researcher, but that of a theoretically interested communication scientist—giving rise to both the merits and shortcomings of the book. The empirical part of the study includes a creative exploration of the epistemological foundations of various social theories and their handling of complexity. However, his call for the social sciences to unite under the flag of "communicative social research" is somewhat unconvincing, and fails to tie in satisfactorily with the empirical findings. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1101134

  20. Instant Zurb Foundation 4

    CERN Document Server

    Arévalo, Jorge

    2013-01-01

    A quick and easy guide that follows a practical approach to rapidly create responsive web pages using Foundation 4 framework, following the mobile-first philosophy.If you are a web developer who wants to get the most out of your HTML5/CSS/JavaScript skills, this book is ideal for you. It is assumed that you will have some experience with these languages, but for those who don't, you can also be up and running in an instant.

  1. Mathematical foundations of elasticity

    CERN Document Server

    Marsden, Jerrold E

    1994-01-01

    This advanced-level study approaches mathematical foundations of three-dimensional elasticity using modern differential geometry and functional analysis. It is directed to mathematicians, engineers and physicists who wish to see this classical subject in a modern setting with examples of newer mathematical contributions. Prerequisites include a solid background in advanced calculus and the basics of geometry and functional analysis.The first two chapters cover the background geometry ― developed as needed ― and use this discussion to obtain the basic results on kinematics and dynamics of con

  2. Foundations of Galois theory

    CERN Document Server

    Postnikov, MM; Stark, M; Ulam, S

    1962-01-01

    Foundations of Galois Theory is an introduction to group theory, field theory, and the basic concepts of abstract algebra. The text is divided into two parts. Part I presents the elements of Galois Theory, in which chapters are devoted to the presentation of the elements of field theory, facts from the theory of groups, and the applications of Galois Theory. Part II focuses on the development of general Galois Theory and its use in the solution of equations by radicals. Equations that are solvable by radicals; the construction of equations solvable by radicals; and the unsolvability by radica

  3. Foundations of Inference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kevin H. Knuth

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available We present a simple and clear foundation for finite inference that unites and significantly extends the approaches of Kolmogorov and Cox. Our approach is based on quantifying lattices of logical statements in a way that satisfies general lattice symmetries. With other applications such as measure theory in mind, our derivations assume minimal symmetries, relying on neither negation nor continuity nor differentiability. Each relevant symmetry corresponds to an axiom of quantification, and these axioms are used to derive a unique set of quantifying rules that form the familiar probability calculus. We also derive a unique quantification of divergence, entropy and information.

  4. System Reliability Analysis: Foundations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-01

    performance formulas for systems subject to pre- ventive maintenance are given. V * ~, , 9 D -2 SYSTEM RELIABILITY ANALYSIS: FOUNDATIONS Richard E...reliability in this case is V P{s can communicate with the terminal t = h(p) Sp2(((((p p)p) p)p)gp) + p(l -p)(((pL p)p)(p 2 JLp)) + p(l -p)((p(p p...For undirected networks, the basic reference is A. Satyanarayana and Kevin Wood (1982). For directed networks, the basic reference is Avinash

  5. Foundations of Power

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lev, Amnon

    The categories of law play an essential part in the elaboration of the concept of the modern state. From the 17th century society is perceived to be the product of the free will of its citizens, as expressed in their consent to the social contract. Contract thus becomes the conceptual foundation...... in which human freedom is translated into civil authority. The system of this translation is natural law.   The dissertation traces the genesis and the disintegration of the tradition of modern natural law in the period from the 17th to the 19th century. It shows how the format of 20th century...

  6. Foundations for offshore wind turbines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, B W; Houlsby, G T

    2003-12-15

    An important engineering challenge of today, and a vital one for the future, is to develop and harvest alternative sources of energy. This is a firm priority in the UK, with the government setting a target of 10% of electricity from renewable sources by 2010. A component central to this commitment will be to harvest electrical power from the vast energy reserves offshore, through wind turbines or current or wave power generators. The most mature of these technologies is that of wind, as much technology transfer can be gained from onshore experience. Onshore wind farms, although supplying 'green energy', tend to provoke some objections on aesthetic grounds. These objections can be countered by locating the turbines offshore, where it will also be possible to install larger capacity turbines, thus maximizing the potential of each wind farm location. This paper explores some civil-engineering problems encountered for offshore wind turbines. A critical component is the connection of the structure to the ground, and in particular how the load applied to the structure is transferred safely to the surrounding soil. We review previous work on the design of offshore foundations, and then present some simple design calculations for sizing foundations and structures appropriate to the wind-turbine problem. We examine the deficiencies in the current design approaches, and the research currently under way to overcome these deficiencies. Designs must be improved so that these alternative energy sources can compete economically with traditional energy suppliers.

  7. Problem solving in foundation engineering using foundationPro

    CERN Document Server

    Yamin, Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    This book is at once a supplement to traditional foundation engineering textbooks and an independent problem-solving learning tool. The book is written primarily for university students majoring in civil or construction engineering taking foundation analysis and design courses to encourage them to solve design problems. Its main aim is to stimulate problem solving capability and foster self-directed learning. It also explains the use of the foundationPro software, available at no cost, and includes a set of foundation engineering applications. Taking a unique approach, Dr. Yamin summarizes the general step-by-step procedure to solve various foundation engineering problems, illustrates traditional applications of these steps with longhand solutions, and presents the foundationPro solutions. The special structure of the book allows it to be used in undergraduate and graduate foundation design and analysis courses in civil and construction engineering. The book stands as valuable resource for students, faculty, ...

  8. 76 FR 7855 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting From Community Medical Foundation for Patient...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-11

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Delisting From Community Medical Foundation for Patient Safety AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), HHS. ACTION: Notice of Delisting. SUMMARY: Community Medical Foundation for Patient...

  9. Mathematical foundations of biomechanics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niederer, Peter F

    2010-01-01

    The aim of biomechanics is the analysis of the structure and function of humans, animals, and plants by means of the methods of mechanics. Its foundations are in particular embedded in mathematics, physics, and informatics. Due to the inherent multidisciplinary character deriving from its aim, biomechanics has numerous connections and overlapping areas with biology, biochemistry, physiology, and pathophysiology, along with clinical medicine, so its range is enormously wide. This treatise is mainly meant to serve as an introduction and overview for readers and students who intend to acquire a basic understanding of the mathematical principles and mechanics that constitute the foundation of biomechanics; accordingly, its contents are limited to basic theoretical principles of general validity and long-range significance. Selected examples are included that are representative for the problems treated in biomechanics. Although ultimate mathematical generality is not in the foreground, an attempt is made to derive the theory from basic principles. A concise and systematic formulation is thereby intended with the aim that the reader is provided with a working knowledge. It is assumed that he or she is familiar with the principles of calculus, vector analysis, and linear algebra.

  10. 复杂地基上重力坝试验中扬压力模拟方法研究%Research on the Uplift Pressure Simulation in a Complex-foundation Gravity Dam Tests

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Uplift pressure is one of the main loads undertaken by a complex-foundation gravity dam ,and its impact on the body of a gravity dam as well as the safety and stability of the foundation shall not be neglected .To simulate uplift pressure's function in a geo‐mechanics model test ,equivalent load simulation approach is put forward ,and overflow dam section A# and non-overflow dam sec‐tion B# ,which are typical dam sections of a consolidated gravity dam on a complex foundation ,are taken for example .With the help of ANSYS and geomechanics model tests ,this paper does research on the equivalence of dam body and foundation's transforma‐tion and stability in the real load and equivalent load calculation model .It turns out that in the infinite element calculation ,the real model and the simulated model are basically consistent in terms of the transformation ,stress and plastic failure zone of the dam body and foundation .Besides ,these two models'results in final overload safety coefficient and final failure modes are also basically consist‐ent .Therefore ,it is safe to say equivalent load simulation is of high equivalence and rationality so that it can be applied to the re‐search on complex-foundation gravity dams .Meanwhile ,the consolidation plan of replacing concrete plug performs well .Consequent‐ly ,it offers a scientific basis for project consolidation and guide to similar projects .%扬压力是复杂地基上重力坝承受的最主要的荷载之一,扬压力对于重力坝坝体与地基的安全及稳定性的影响不容忽视。为了在地质力学模型试验中模拟扬压力的作用,提出等效荷载模拟方法,并以某复杂地基上重力坝加固后的典型坝段溢流坝A坝段、非溢流坝B坝段为例,建立其实际荷载、等效荷载计算模型,基于ANSYS有限元三维数值模拟分析软件及地质力学模型试验分析研究等效荷载模拟方法的等效性。研究结果表明:有限元计算中

  11. The Foundation and Focus of Scientific Research in Vocational Colleges%高职院校科研工作立足点与着力点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵岚

    2011-01-01

    The thesis starts with the analysis of the specificity of scientific research in vocational colleges, and emphatically analyzes the role of research work to the construction of talent team, such as young teachers, administrators and teachers' work teams, to connotation construction, and to the construction of serving community. And the author puts forward some concrete measures, such as emphasizing scientific research administration, perfecting the incentive mechanism, prompting transformation of achievements in scientific research and deliberating the development plan for scientific research.%从高职院校科研工作的特殊性分析入手,重点分析了高职院校科研工作对于青年教师、行政管理教师及教师团队等人才队伍的建设,专业内涵建设,学院服务社会建设方面的作用,并提出注重科研管理,健全科研鼓励机制,促进科研成果转化,做好科研发展具体规划等具体措施。

  12. 信息行为领域知识基础、研究热点与前沿的可视化分析%Visualization Analysis on Knowledge Foundations, Research Hotspots and Frontiers of Information Behavior

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙玉伟

    2012-01-01

    A total of 2520 papers published between 1975 and 2011 are retrieved from Web of Science with the topic search of information behavior. Using Citespace Ⅱ, the author has analyzed knowledge foundations, research hotspots and frontiers of information behavior. The conclusions are as follows: 2 branches of information behavior research are illustrated by 2 clearly clusters. Inside the two branches are classic theories and models which present the knowledge foundation of information behavior. Research hotspots are indicated by 9 high-cited keywords. Frontiers are presented by 7 burst terms and several high-cited keywords since 2003.%以来自WebofScience数据库(1975-2011年)的以信息行为主题的2520条文献为数据源,借助CitespaceⅡ软件对相关被引文献和主题词等数据进行分析和处理,以知识图谱的方式对信息行为研究的知识基础、研究热点、研究前沿进行分析。发现2个明显的聚类展示出信息行为研究的2个分支领域;2个分支内的经典基础理论和模型很好地展示了信息行为领域研究的知识基础;9个高频关键词表征了信息行为的研究热点;2003年以来的7个突现词和若干个高频关键词表征了信息行为的研究前沿。

  13. Climate Strength: Theoretical Foundation and Research Framework%气氛强度:理论基础及其研究框架

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋丽; 李永娟; 田晓明

    2012-01-01

    For more than half a century, scholars have sought to understand the antecedents and influences of climates. Climate strength, an emerging concept in climate research, received little empirical exploration and much less validation. Research adopted dichotomous perspective has limited climate strength as a scientific construct. The dichotomous view suggests that dispersion of individual - level perception represents error, rather than theoretically significant phenomenon. Within - unit dispersion of individual - level construets can be theoretically meaningful. During the application of multilevel theory in organizational and management research, climate strength, i.e. , within - unit agreement among unit members' climate perceptions, has received much attention from researchers. Two different literatures in organizational sciences, compositional models and culture strength, were useful as a basis for the development of the concept of climate strength. Based on the existing research, we develop the research framework of climate strength. There are three perspectives to explain the antecedents of climate strength, i.e. , organizational structure, Attraction - Selection - Attrition model, and social interaction approach. According to the organizational structure perspective, organizational forms that are clearly mechanistic or clearly organic have strong climates, with weaker climates emerging for organizations with more ambiguous forms. Research based on ASA model indicated average worksite tenure was positively related to climate strength such that higher average tenure was associated with stronger climates. Empirical research based on social interaction approach illustrated that climate strength is influenced both by leadership style and group social interaction. While concerning the effect of climate strength, studies have yielded contradictory and inconclusive results. In some research, climate strength has been shown to have a moderating effect on the

  14. Networking and Information Technology Research and Development. Advanced Foundations for American Innovation. Supplement to the President’s FY 2004 Budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-09-01

    SC, a public-private collaborative team is developing tiny MEMS technologies to restore vision. Eye diseases such as macular degeneration damage the...people with physical limitations. Lights that talk At Boston’s Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital, researchers funded by NIH and NSF have demonstrated

  15. Mathematical foundation of quantum mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Parthasarathy, K R

    2005-01-01

    This is a brief introduction to the mathematical foundations of quantum mechanics based on lectures given by the author to Ph.D.students at the Delhi Centre of the Indian Statistical Institute in order to initiate active research in the emerging field of quantum probability. The material in the first chapter is included in the author's book "An Introduction to Quantum Stochastic Calculus" published by Birkhauser Verlag in 1992 and the permission of the publishers to reprint it here is acknowledged. Apart from quantum probability, an understanding of the role of group representations in the development of quantum mechanics is always a fascinating theme for mathematicians. The first chapter deals with the definitions of states, observables and automorphisms of a quantum system through Gleason's theorem, Hahn-Hellinger theorem and Wigner's theorem. Mackey's imprimitivity theorem and the theorem of inducing representations of groups in stages are proved directly for projective unitary antiunitary representations ...

  16. On the Ontological Foundation of Bioethics Research%生命伦理学研究的存在论基础

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐代兴

    2016-01-01

    The bioethics exploring the life from ethics should first make sure where the foundation of bioeth-ics lies in,which is related to whether or not there exists the original ethical relationship between the Life and the World.The mutual creation and transference between the World and the Life not only indicate the dual transference between the world becoming life and life becoming the world,but also mean that the changing world is rooted in the endless life.The inherent logic it follows is bio -logic:it is pro -life when it opens to the world,which demands Life to exists in the way of presence or absence;it is a limited existence and self-growth when it opens itself up to the Life,while the former indicates the Life should always exist with death, and the latter opens as the demands of self-organization,self-growth,self-production and self-repairing, and reveals the health of life comes from Life itself.When it opens up to others or the crowd,it means growing, benefiting and love.The self-growth of Life origins from growing others,the self-benefit comes from altru-ism,and self-respect comes from respecting others,because whether in the life world or the human world,the most urgent thing to human can be nothing but human.%从伦理切入理解生命的生命伦理学,首先必须解决生命伦理的依据何在,这就涉及生命与世界之间是否具有本原性的伦理关联。世界与生命互为创化,既意味着世界生命化和生命世界化,更表明世界变动不居根源于生命的生生不息。它所遵循的内在逻辑是生命逻辑,它向世界敞开,就是亲生命性,它要求人的生命必以在场或退场的方式而存在;它向生命自身敞开,就是限度生存和自生生,前者表明生命始终向死而生,后者敞开为生命的自组织、自生长、自繁殖、自修复诉求,揭示生命健康源于生命本身;它向他人或群敞开,就是生利爱:生命的自生源于生他,自利源于

  17. Physical Foundations of Cosmology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stewart, J M [University of Cambridge (United Kingdom)

    2006-02-07

    In 1952, Mme Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat published a major paper, Theoreme d'existence pour certains systemes d'equations aux derivees partielles non lineaires (Acta Math. 88 141-225), which laid the foundation for modern studies of the Cauchy problem in general relativity. The fiftieth anniversary of this event was celebrated with an eponymous Cargese Summer School in 2002. The proceedings of that summer school are summarized electronically (as audio, video, transparencies and lecture notes, where available) on a DVD archive included with this volume, and are also available on the internet. However the organizers decided that a separate volume describing the 'state of the art in mathematical general relativity' would be useful, and this book is the result. It includes some material not covered in the school and excludes some school material which has been covered adequately elsewhere. About one fifth of the book is devoted to a survey of Smoothness at Null Infinity and the Structure of Initial Data by Helmut Friedrich. This is a modern study of gravitational radiation, and the analysis of Einstein's equations. It is extremely helpful to survey all of this material, including some of the latest developments, using a consistent notation. This article is strongly recommended to anyone hoping to gain a foothold in this area. Lars Andersson has surveyed, in The Global Existence Problem in General Relativity, some results and conjectures about the global properties of 3+1-dimensional spacetimes with a compact Cauchy surface. Again it is very useful to have essentially all of the known results presented in a consistent notation. This material is not on the DVD. Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat has contributed a long research paper, Future Complete U(1) Symmetric Einsteinian Spacetimes, the Unpolarized Case. There is a non-linear stability theorem due to her and Vincent Moncrief in which spacetime is of the form M x R where M is a circle bundle over a compact

  18. PEER-REVIEW RESEARCH FOR NATIONAL NATURAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION OF CHINA——Analysis of Relevant Literature%我国科学基金同行评议研究——相关文献分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张改珍

    2013-01-01

    Number and research topics of journal articles in CNKI,dissertations and monographs related to Chinese peer-review research for natural science foundation are added up and analyzed.It is found,over time,the number of research papers and books,micro-depth research and macro research radiate gradually increasing trend,but the latter two accounting for a smaller proportion of the total,indicating the degree of depth for research is not enough.Based on the practice of peer review of China and research results at home and abroad,relying on the core of the research group,to strengthen the micro-depth and macro studies are suggested,and excellent approach of macro study abroad is illustrated.%以我国科学基金同行评议研究为主题,通过对中国知网中的期刊文献、相关学位论文和专著进行数量及研究主题的统计、分析,认为随着时间的推移,研究论文和著作的数量、微观深度研究和宏观研究都呈逐渐增多趋势,但后两者占研究总量比例较小,说明研究深入程度不够.建议以中国科学基金同行评议的实践和国内外该主题研究成果为基础,依靠核心作者群,加强微观深度研究和宏观研究,并举例说明国外的优秀宏观研究进路.

  19. OPTIMAL DESIGN OF DEEP FOUNDATION PIT CONSTRUCTION PROJECT IN WUHAN

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen Xuan Loi, Wu Li*, Nguyen Khanh Tung

    2016-01-01

    Deep foundation pit construction project is one of hot and difficult problems in rock soil engineering. How to control the deformation of the pits effectively and economically is what we all want. Retaining structure deformation of foundation pit is an important factor on the deformation of foundation pit. Reference of domestic and foreign research and the experience of similar projects, combined with the characteristics of Wuhan project, calculation, analyses and compared two design options ...

  20. The foundation of physicianship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuks, Abraham; Brawer, James; Boudreau, J Donald

    2012-01-01

    Although the practice of medicine continually changes in response to new biomedical understanding, novel technologies, and evolving cultural contexts, the ethical foundations of the clinical relationship between patient and physician paradoxically remain constant. There are fundamental characteristics with respect to character, behavior, and responsibilities that are descriptive of and necessary to the role of healer and that underpin the notion of physicianship. This article discusses the underlying characteristics or virtues that are necessary to the practice of medicine from the perspectives of three different philosophic traditions: the Aristotelian idea of phronesis as developed in the work of Edmund Pellegrino; the notion of alterity as framed by Emmanuel Levinas; and the attributes necessary to healing as laid out in the kabbala.

  1. Outline of Synthesis of Cognitive and Socio-cultural Foundations of Scientific Knowledge Evolution in Research Programs of Western Philosophy of Science

    OpenAIRE

    Kornienko, Anna Anatolievna

    2015-01-01

    The article analyses the development of cognitive sociology of science, in the object field of which connection of cognitive and social structures of science is traced. The role of context in scientific knowledge formation is defined. It is stated that the basis for development of research program of cognitive sociology of science appeared to be reconsideration of the standard concept of science as a complex of gnoseological, epistemological and methodological interpretations of nature and mo...

  2. The science of sex and gender in human health: online courses to create a foundation for sex and gender accountability in biomedical research and treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plank-Bazinet, Jennifer L; Sampson, Annie; Miller, Leah R; Fadiran, Emmanuel O; Kallgren, Deborah; Agarwal, Rajeev K; Barfield, Whitney; Brooks, Claudette E; Begg, Lisa; Mistretta, Amy C; Scott, Pamela E; Clayton, Janine Austin; Cornelison, Terri L

    2016-01-01

    Sex and gender differences play a significant role in the course and outcome of conditions that affect specific organ systems in the human body. Research on differences in the effects of medical intervention has helped scientists develop a number of sex- and gender-specific guidelines on the treatment and management of these conditions. An online series of courses, "The Science of Sex and Gender in Human Health," developed by the National Institutes of Health Office of Research on Women's Health and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Office of Women's Health, examines sex and gender differences and their implications. Thus far, three online courses have been generated. The first course offers an overview of the scientific and biological basis for sex- and gender-related differences. The second course is focused on disease-specific sex and gender differences in health and behavior and their implications. Finally, the third course covers the influence of sex and gender on disease manifestation, treatment, and outcome. Data were obtained using website analytics and post-course surveys. To date, over 1000 individuals have completed at least one course. Additionally, 600 users have received continuing education credit for completing a course in the series. Finally, the majority of respondents to the online course survey have indicated that the courses considerably enhanced their professional effectiveness. "The Science of Sex and Gender in Human Health" online courses are freely available sources of information that provide healthcare providers and researchers with the resources to successfully account for sex and gender in their medical practice and research programs.

  3. Outline of Synthesis of Cognitive and Socio-cultural Foundations of Scientific Knowledge Evolution in Research Programs of Western Philosophy of Science

    OpenAIRE

    Kornienko, Anna Anatolievna

    2015-01-01

    The article analyses the development of cognitive sociology of science, in the object field of which connection of cognitive and social structures of science is traced. The role of context in scientific knowledge formation is defined. It is stated that the basis for development of research program of cognitive sociology of science appeared to be reconsideration of the standard concept of science as a complex of gnoseological, epistemological and methodological interpretations of nature and mo...

  4. Research and Application of the Support Project of the Foundation Bearing Sand in Deep water%高地下水位含流沙基础开挖支护方案的研究和应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄少鹏

    2014-01-01

    This paper described the comprehensive research on the various measures for excavation support of the foun- dation bearing sand in deep water of the foundation drainage trench excavation construction in the municipal engineering of Angola Republic SãoPedro. And the author hoped to provide a useful reference for engineering construction schemes in sim- ilar geological conditions.%文章简述了在安哥拉共和国市政工程SãoPedro排水渠沟槽基础开挖施工中,通过对高地下水位、含流砂基础开挖支护的各种方案措施的综合研究,希望对有类似地质情况工程施工方案的研究和选择提供有益参考。

  5. Watershed Watch: The Importance of Mentors in Student-driven Full Inquiry Undergraduate Research Projects as the Foundation for an Introductory Course in Biogeoscience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rock, B. N.; Hale, S. R.; Graham, K. J.; Hayden, L.; Barber, L.; Perry, C.; Schloss, J.; Sullivan, E.; Yuan, J.; Abebe, E.; Mitchell, L.; Abrams, E.; Gagnon, M.

    2008-12-01

    Watershed Watch (NSF 0525433) engages early undergraduate students from two-year and four-year colleges in student-driven full inquiry-based instruction in the biogeosciences. Program goals for Watershed Watch are to test if inquiry-rich student-driven projects sufficiently engage undeclared students (or noncommittal STEM majors) to declare a STEM major (or remain with their STEM major). A significant component of this program is an intensive two-week Summer course, in which undeclared freshmen research various aspects of a local watershed. Students develop their own research questions and study design, collect and analyze data, and produce a scientific or an oral poster presentation. The course objectives, curriculum and schedule are presented as a model for dissemination for other institutions and programs seeking to develop inquiry-rich courses designed to attract students into biogeoscience disciplines. Data from self-reported student feedback indicated the most important factors explaining high-levels of student motivation and research excellence in the course are 1) working with committed, energetic, and enthusiastic faculty mentors; and 2) faculty mentors demonstrating high degrees of teamwork and coordination.

  6. The Rockefeller Foundation, the China Foundation, and the development of modern science in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, L A

    1982-01-01

    Two powerful foundations, with interlocking directorates, were the most important media for transmitting American science to China and for making its development possible: In the 1920s and 1930s, the Rockefeller Foundation's China Medical Board and the China Foundation for the Promotion of Education and Culture recognized that transmission and development required much more than the transplantation of whole scientific institutions. This essay shows that, in their most mature form, the foundations' strategies were informed by a rational and coherent set of policies. Their premise was that the practice and development of advanced scientific medicine and bio-medical or natural scientific research all require an infrastructure of education, communication, physical plant, and equipment. This infrastructure did not exist before the foundations began to foster it in China. In this essay the foundations' China policies are outlined and detailed examples are given to show they built the science infrastructure amidst debate over the appropriateness of the dominant 'Johns Hopkins' institutional model and the norm of 'pure science'. In China, the 'Hopkins' model for medical training and practice featured a combination of clinical practice with sophisticated scientific laboratory research. This model and the 'pure science' norm were seriously challenged by the political and economic exigencies of the 1930s.

  7. [Foundation of the science and society alliance in France. Towards a conscious and recognised collaboration between actors of research and civil society].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fellini, Nadia; Faroult, Elie

    2015-01-01

    In the last two decades, the debate on the meaning of science in relation to societies that create it, nourish it, and benefit from it, focused on civil society's ability to produce knowledge. This yielded first the concept of participatory science and later the wider concept of participatory research. Throughout Europe, numerous collective experimentations have generated countless interactions, and new interfaces between the world of research and civil society are constantly being created. But in spite of the proliferation of these experiences, a paradox slows down their acknowledgment and legitimation. On the one hand, these interactions often go unseen and unrecognized by the institutions, public policies, and even at times their very creators. On the other hand, scientists, are still overwhelmingly wary of civil society and, perceiving only its intellectual deficit and lack of comprehension, they fail to consider the study and development of these interactions as being of primary importance. The Sciences and Society Alliance, which was recently founded in France, provides a platform where these collaborative experiences can be collected, studied, supported, communicated, and institutionally acknowledged. The launch of this process,which is soon to be European in scope, answers the need to bring science into the democratic path tread by the societies that create it. In its ability to compose diversity, this process is an example of deep democracy.

  8. The Impact of an Interactive Statistics Module on Novices' Development of Scientific Process Skills and Attitudes in a First-Semester Research Foundations Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsan, Lynnsay A; D'Arcy, Christina E; Olimpo, Jeffrey T

    2016-12-01

    Evidence suggests that incorporating quantitative reasoning exercises into existent curricular frameworks within the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines is essential for novices' development of conceptual understanding and process skills in these domains. Despite this being the case, such studies acknowledge that students often experience difficulty in applying mathematics in the context of scientific problems. To address this concern, the present study sought to explore the impact of active demonstrations and critical reading exercises on novices' comprehension of basic statistical concepts, including hypothesis testing, experimental design, and interpretation of research findings. Students first engaged in a highly interactive height activity that served to intuitively illustrate normal distribution, mean, standard deviation, and sample selection criteria. To enforce practical applications of standard deviation and p-value, student teams were subsequently assigned a figure from a peer-reviewed primary research article and instructed to evaluate the trustworthiness of the data. At the conclusion of this exercise, students presented their evaluations to the class for open discussion and commentary. Quantitative assessment of pre- and post-module survey data indicated a statistically significant increase both in students' scientific reasoning and process skills and in their self-reported confidence in understanding the statistical concepts presented in the module. Furthermore, data indicated that the majority of students (>85%) found the module both interesting and helpful in nature. Future studies will seek to develop additional, novel exercises within this area and to evaluate the impact of such modules across a variety of STEM and non-STEM contexts.

  9. The methodology of scientific research programmer foundation of innovative low cost strategy%创新型低成本战略的科学研究纲领方法论基础

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈圻; 任娟

    2011-01-01

    为了给出新的低成本战略理论研究的方法论起点,将用于自然科学的"科学研究纲领方法论"引入战略研究,指出波特"成本领先战略"在逻辑基础、研究范式和应用延展方面的三大局限性使之成为一个退步的研究纲领,须由新的纲领取代之;应用科学研究纲领方法论(MSRP),提出了基于6个公理性假设和5个辅助假设的三大基本假设--低成本战略假设,创新型低成本战略模式假设和战略升级演化路径假设,界定了低成本战略、创新型低成本战略及其若干特征,以及战略升级演化的路径生成方式,构成低成本战略研究的科学假设演绎体系,为后续实证检验奠定了逻辑基础.%To give a methodology origin of theoretical research on new low cost strategy, argues that due to its 3 limitations on logic foundation, research paradigm and applicating extension, M. E. Porter's cost leadership strategy has reduced to a retrogressive research programmer,then introduces Methodology of Scientific Research Programmers (MSRP) used to apply in natural sciences into strategic research, proposes 3 fundamental hypotheses based on 6 axiom - liked hypotheses and 5 auxiliary hypotheses, gives definitions of low cost strategy, innovative low cost strategy pattern and its upgrade evolutive paths, constitutes a hypothesis -deduction system, establishes scientific foundation in order to test it empirically.

  10. Foundation Fighting Blindness

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Media VISIONS Conference Audio/Video Recordings For Researchers & Industry Funding Philosophy Funded Grants & Researchers Apply for Funding ... will be held at the Sheraton San Diego Hotel and Marina, San Diego, California, June 21 – 23, ...

  11. American Porphyria Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Caretaker Support Forum Find an Expert Gary Eyster Art Sale Featured Items Support the APF Porphyria Research " ... 9-5-17 Woodway parkway directly across the street from the Apf office ♦ Volunteer for Research ♦ Alnylam ...

  12. International Rett Syndrome Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Research awards Our research will help millions A cure for Rett will yield major advances toward treatments for millions of people around the world with Autism, Parkinson's, Alzheimers, Schizophrenia and Traumatic Brain Injuries. Make ...

  13. Challenges and Ideas to Achieve Wireless 100 Gb/s Transmission: An Overview of Challenges and Solutions within the German Research Foundation (DFG) Special Priority Program SPP1655

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraemer, Rolf

    2017-08-01

    Wireless communications is one of the fastest growing technology fields, driving numerous other innovations in electronics. One challenging research area within the wireless field is to achieve much higher transmission rates. First products with up to 3 Gb/s are in the market. In the coming years we predict this speed growing quickly up to and beyond 100 Gb/s. Today it is an open question how we can realize a wireless system at this speed. If we intend to use such systems in a mobile environment, we can only afford to spend approximately 1-10 pW/b for the end-to-end communication. This includes RF-transmission and all processing and protocol steps. The SPP1655 of the DFG was set up to investigate new paradigms for achieving the 100 Gb/s wireless transmission goal. Within 11 coordinated projects researchers from all over Germany are addressing several relevant issues ranging from the antennas and RF-Frontend, baseband-processing and error correction to protocol processing. A number of limitations of current approaches have to be investigated and new algorithms must be found in order to achieve the intended goal. One of the big challenges is finding the correct balance between analog and digital signal processing to achieve an extremely high performance at very low energy consumption. Another challenge is to find a good balance between bandwidth and bandwidth efficiency to achieve the 100 Gbps goal. Finally, protocol processing will need new approaches to decouple the central processor of a computer from the high-end input/output operations. Within this editorial we will address the main challenges and briefly outline the approaches of the running projects. The rest of this special issue will be devoted to more detailed descriptions and achievements of the individual projects of SPP1655.

  14. Developing a Child and Youth Mental Health and Addictions Framework for Yukon as a Foundation for Policy Reform: Engaging Stakeholders Through a Policy and Research Partnership

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gillian Mulvale

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In April 2015 the Yukon Government released a new child and youth mental health and addictions framework (CYMHAF to improve territory-wide access to basic mental health care and coordination of services for children and families. Yukon’s limited resource base and dispersed population challenges delivery of child and youth mental health and addictions services to small rural communities where needs are often high as a legacy of residential school policies. The objective of CYMHAF is to improve outcomes by identifying and capitalizing on current strengths, and reallocating existing resources to better meet the mental health needs of Yukon youth and families. Access, coordination and quality problems associated with existing services, growing public awareness of mental health issues, and a new national policy framework designed to assist provinces and territories, led Yukon policy makers to partner with researchers to capitalize on a Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR strategic grant initiative. CYMHAF was based on extensive stakeholder engagement, best evidence and advice from key informants in other jurisdictions, and offers a cascading model of service delivery through which basic mental health care can be provided by existing health and human service workers in communities. These workers will be trained in child and youth mental health competencies, and will have electronic linkages and support to integrated teams of primary care providers who will be located in regional hubs once fully implemented, and to specialists in Whitehorse and out of Territory. Implementation is underway with some training of front line Health and Social Service and First Nations workers, a new mental wellness strategy for Yukon founded on CYMHAF scheduled for release in spring 2016, and may be accelerated by federal government promises of a new Health Accord and a new relationship with indigenous people.

  15. The Impact of an Interactive Statistics Module on Novices’ Development of Scientific Process Skills and Attitudes in a First-Semester Research Foundations Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynnsay A. Marsan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Evidence suggests that incorporating quantitative reasoning exercises into existent curricular frameworks within the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM disciplines is essential for novices’ development of conceptual understanding and process skills in these domains. Despite this being the case, such studies acknowledge that students often experience difficulty in applying mathematics in the context of scientific problems. To address this concern, the present study sought to explore the impact of active demonstrations and critical reading exercises on novices’ comprehension of basic statistical concepts, including hypothesis testing, experimental design, and interpretation of research findings. Students first engaged in a highly interactive height activity that served to intuitively illustrate normal distribution, mean, standard deviation, and sample selection criteria. To enforce practical applications of standard deviation and p-value, student teams were subsequently assigned a figure from a peer-reviewed primary research article and instructed to evaluate the trustworthiness of the data. At the conclusion of this exercise, students presented their evaluations to the class for open discussion and commentary. Quantitative assessment of pre- and post-module survey data indicated a statistically significant increase both in students’ scientific reasoning and process skills and in their self-reported confidence in understanding the statistical concepts presented in the module. Furthermore, data indicated that the majority of students (>85% found the module both interesting and helpful in nature. Future studies will seek to develop additional, novel exercises within this area and to evaluate the impact of such modules across a variety of STEM and non-STEM contexts.

  16. The logical foundations of mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Hatcher, William S

    1981-01-01

    The Logical Foundations of Mathematics offers a study of the foundations of mathematics, stressing comparisons between and critical analyses of the major non-constructive foundational systems. The position of constructivism within the spectrum of foundational philosophies is discussed, along with the exact relationship between topos theory and set theory.Comprised of eight chapters, this book begins with an introduction to first-order logic. In particular, two complete systems of axioms and rules for the first-order predicate calculus are given, one for efficiency in proving metatheorems, and

  17. Research on the Prediction of Soft Soil Foundation Settlement Based on Artificial Bee Colony Support Vector Machines%基于ABC-SVM的软基沉降预测研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施俊; 高正夏; 徐嵚嵛

    2016-01-01

    沉降预测一直是地基工程的一个重点研究项目.软土具有天然含水量高、塑性指数大、黏粒含量高等特殊的工程特性,因此,建立在软土上的地基沉降难以预测,对于工程建设有一定的隐患.支持向量机在解决样本数量小、非线性问题上有其特有的优势.利用人工蜂群算法对支持向量机的参数进行优化后建立SVM模型,对木兰溪防洪工程的沉降问题进行预测,将其预测结果与传统的支持向量机模型以及曲线拟合预测方法结果进行对比.最终证明了ABC-SVM模型在软基沉降预测上的可用性.%The prediction of the settlement is always an important research topic in foundation engineering. Soft soil has engineering features of high moisture content,high plastic exponent and high clay content,so it is hard to predict the settlement of soft soil foundation which is dangerous to the engineering construction. The support vector machines are good at dealing with problems that are nonlinear and have little sample size. We use artificial bee colony to optimize the selection of support vector machines'parameters to build SVM model. And the model is used to predict the settlement of flood control project in Mulan stream. The predicting outcomes are used to comparing with the traditional support vector machines and the curve-fitting method's outcomes. It turns out the usability of the ABC-SVM in the prediction of soft soil foundation.

  18. Human Nutrition Research Projects Funded by National Natural Science Foundation in China%国家自然科学基金人类营养学项目资助分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭云; 余小平; 王伦安

    2011-01-01

    Objective By comprehend the tendency of human nutrition project funded by National Natural Science Foundation of China ( NSFC ) , to provide policy for NSFC and reference for nutritionist. Methods The Ex-ceL2OO3 and SPSS software were applied for statistical analysis of human nutrition projects funded by NSFC. Results During 2001 -2010, a total of 64 403 million yuan was funded in 253 human nutrition research projects by NSFC; in which 124 projects funded research on fat, vitamins and other nutrients, and 104 projects funded research on phenols, anthocyanins and other non-nutrients. Conclusion The nutrients and non-nutrients effecting on chronic disease and molecular mechanism should be the focus of subject selection for human nutrition research.%目的 了解国家自然基金(National Natural Science Foundation of China,NSFC)人类营养项目资助情况,为合理制定科学基金资助政策提供依据,为人类营养研究领域的科技工作者申报选题提供借鉴.方法 用excel2003和SPSS软件对2001 -2010年国家自然基金人类营养项目进行统计分析.结果 2001 - 2010年期间,国家自然基金资助人类营养项目253项,资助经费6440.3万元,其中资助脂肪、维生素和微量元素等营养素的研究项目124项,资助酚类、花青素等非营养素的研究项目104项.结论 人类营养研究在选题方面应侧重于营养素和非营养素对慢性疾病的作用及其分子机制研究.

  19. The Response of the Private Sector: Foundations and Entrepreneurs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonard, Mary

    1992-01-01

    Discusses efforts by charitable foundations to improve educational quality for at-risk youth. Most grants for at-risk youth are for direct services, though research/evaluation and advocacy receive considerable funding. Some foundations provide technical assistance and brokering. Recently, entrepreneurs have entered the field of educational…

  20. Activities of the National Academy of Sciences in relation to the Radiation Effects Research Foundation. Annual performance report, June 1, 1991--May 31, 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edington, C.W.

    1992-06-01

    This progress report relates progress in the various research projects evaluating the late health effects, both somatic and genetic, resulting from radiation exposure of the survivors of the atomic bombs at Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. Considerable progress has been made in the collection and utilization of the various epidemiological data bases. These include the Life Span Study, (LSS) cohort, the Adult Health Study (AHS) cohort, the In Utero cohort, the leukemia registry and the F-1 Study population. Important progress has been made in using RERF Tumor and Tissue Registry records for evaluation of cancer incidence and radiation risk estimates for comparison with cancer mortality and risk in the LSS cohort. At the present time, a manuscript on the incidence of solid tumors (1950-1987) is undergoing internal and external review for publication as an RERF Technical report (TR) and for publication in a peer-reviewed scientific journal. In addition, manuscripts are in preparation on (1) a comprehensive report on the incidence of hematological cancers, including analysis of leukemia by cell type (1950-1987), (2) a general description of Tumor Registry operations and (3) a comparison of incidence- and mortality-based estimates of radiation risk in the LSS cohort.

  1. The Concept of “System”: From Chemistry and Physiology to Public Health and Social Sciences. Foundations for a Future Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Quevedo

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The term “system” has been used by various States to inform the design of “health systems”. In this paper we start from the idea that systems are not natural entities but conceptual models historically developed by researchers to understand, in a certain way, the relationships between component elements of a specific natural, social or cultural reality. Content: the paper seeks to explain how physiological concepts cross-disciplinary and institutional boundaries and become engines that transform various aspects of society and culture. It explores the historical process by which American functionalist social science was based on notions from biochemistry and physiology (especially on the physiological concepts of “regulation” and “homeostasis”, and on the biochemical concept of “physical-chemical system” and its influence on public health. Conclusions: This work is part of a trend in alternative histories of Physiology and intends to rethink the problems of representations and practices in health as conflictive social processes. From this perspective of conflict, it seeks to overcome the functionalist system model based on a physiological reductionism of society.

  2. Implementation of a new Foundations Concept for Offshore Wind Farms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Lars Bo

    2008-01-01

    at the test field in Frederikshavn in December 2002. A five-year research and development project has proven the bucket foundation to be feasible in suitable soil conditions in water depth from near shore to approximately 40 meters. The bucket foundation design reduces the steel weight by half compared......The foundation principles for the recent major offshore wind farm projects in Europe have been dominated by two types of foundation solutions, the gravitational foundation and the monopile. A fully operational 3.0 MW offshore wind turbine was installed on a prototype of the bucket foundation...... to maintain an approval procedure in future projects. In order to develop these design procedure relevant studies involving techniques as diverse as laboratory model testing, field trials at reduced scale, and a full-scale field installation, has been performed. The nature of these tests is outlined. The main...

  3. Foundations of resilience thinking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtin, Charles G; Parker, Jessica P

    2014-08-01

    Through 3 broad and interconnected streams of thought, resilience thinking has influenced the science of ecology and natural resource management by generating new multidisciplinary approaches to environmental problem solving. Resilience science, adaptive management (AM), and ecological policy design (EPD) contributed to an internationally unified paradigm built around the realization that change is inevitable and that science and management must approach the world with this assumption, rather than one of stability. Resilience thinking treats actions as experiments to be learned from, rather than intellectual propositions to be defended or mistakes to be ignored. It asks what is novel and innovative and strives to capture the overall behavior of a system, rather than seeking static, precise outcomes from discrete action steps. Understanding the foundations of resilience thinking is an important building block for developing more holistic and adaptive approaches to conservation. We conducted a comprehensive review of the history of resilience thinking because resilience thinking provides a working context upon which more effective, synergistic, and systems-based conservation action can be taken in light of rapid and unpredictable change. Together, resilience science, AM, and EPD bridge the gaps between systems analysis, ecology, and resource management to provide an interdisciplinary approach to solving wicked problems.

  4. 海上风力发电浮式基础的研究进展及关键技术问题%Research Development and Key Technical on Floating Foundation for Offshore Wind Turbines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡军; 唐友刚; 阮胜福

    2012-01-01

    The water area that water depth is deeper than 50m,has special advantage in wind turbine generating because there are the stable wind speed and small Wind-shear.In such sea area,the offshore wind energy generating equipments should setup on floating foundation structure.Therefore,it is of great significance to study the floating foundation structures that are available for offshore wind energy generating for the industrialization of the offshore wind power generation.The basic type and working principles are studied for some novel floating structures in recent year.So,to research the some key technical problems and risk factors of the floating structure or working load caused by turbine running and seas environment loads of floating structure are valuable for designing the floating structures of wind turbine generating.%水深大于50m的海域,风速稳定、风切变小,具有风力发电的独特优势,该海域风力发电装备需要采用浮式基础,因此研究适用于海上风力发电的浮式基础结构,对海上风力发电的产业化具有重要的意义.近年来国外开展了各种新颖浮式基础结构基础形式和工作原理的研究,针对浮式基础承受的风机运转载荷和海洋环境载荷的特点,系统分析海上风机浮式基础涉及到的关键技术问题和风险因素,对风机浮式基础设计具有参考价值.

  5. Research on Reinforcement Depth for Foundation Treatment by Vacuum Preloading%真空预压地基处理的加固深度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴迪; 孙田

    2011-01-01

    With the development of economy in coastal areas, the requirement of soft-soil treatment is much larger. As vacuum preloading has greater advantage for the soft-soil treatment, so it is widely used. But the research on the influencing depth of the vacuum preloading is little, and there is no definite conclusion. Here, the stressing conditions of soil are analyzed from microcosm and macrocosm based on 3-dimensional consolidation. The difference of vacuum pressure causes much deeper influence. Combined with engineering examples, the conclusion is got that the influencing depth of the vacuum preloading could reach to the end of plastic drainage board by analysing the monitoring data.%随着沿海经济的发展,软土处理的需求加大,真空预压处理软土有着比较大的优势,被广泛运用。但在真空预压的影响深度方面,目前学术界研究的较少,没有给出一个明确的结论。文章从土体三维固结出发,分析土体受力不但在微观上的等向受力,在宏观上受到真空压力差的影响,而且真空压力差增加了真空度的影响深度。同时结合工程实例,分析现场监测数据,得出真空预压影响深度可以达到排水板底部。

  6. Quantum theory informational foundations and foils

    CERN Document Server

    Spekkens, Robert

    2016-01-01

    This book provides the first unified overview of the burgeoning research area at the interface between Quantum Foundations and Quantum Information.  Topics include: operational alternatives to quantum theory, information-theoretic reconstructions of the quantum formalism, mathematical frameworks for operational theories, and device-independent features of the set of quantum correlations. Powered by the injection of fresh ideas from the field of Quantum Information and Computation, the foundations of Quantum Mechanics are in the midst of a renaissance. The last two decades have seen an explosion of new results and research directions, attracting broad interest in the scientific community. The variety and number of different approaches, however, makes it challenging for a newcomer to obtain a big picture of the field and of its high-level goals. Here, fourteen original contributions from leading experts in the field cover some of the most promising research directions that have emerged in the new wave of quant...

  7. Antithetic Foundations of Economics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marin Dinu

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at decrypting the manner in which the foundations of Economics as a science and the meanings of the relevant explanatory formulas are being shaped. My analytical endeavor focuses on understanding the peculiarities of what is referred to as the object of study of the science known as Economics, an academic synthesis of concept-related breakthroughs regarding economicity. The explicit purpose of this analysis is to identify perennial benchmarks in economic cognition whereby this ensures its consistency. The implicit purpose is to shape a cognitive model in line with the specifics of the conceptual universe of Economics, as well as with the sources of the economic realities that are subject to a sui-generis relativism. The primary benefit of this endeavor consists in systemizing the conceptual prospects with an antithetic nature that allow for the explanations of the state of economic rationality and generate the understanding of what the source of economicity is and how it behaves. As such, the conclusions are marked by the stringent need of more precisely defining economic knowledge in order to match the changing nature of economic reality, as an expression that embraces the meeting point of two ontological vistas that are methodologically separated by some theories: human nature and human condition. Economics as a science thus features, apart from a conceptual substrate that needs to be spotted, an ontological background that needs to be revealed. The role played by this background appears to be most frequently ignored. The joint identification of both direct and contextual determinants for a sensitive area of humankind, i.e. the economy, is a direction to be followed by the royal path of rational knowledge.

  8. Foundation Degrees: A Risky Business?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowley, Jennifer

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: Foundation degrees, the new proposal for sub-degree vocational education in the UK, are characterised by innovation both in their design (curriculum, teaching, learning and assessment) and in the marketplace for which they are designed. This article argues that the development and delivery of foundation degrees carry a high level of risk,…

  9. Static Behaviour of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kim André

    . The monopod concept is investigated in this thesis, regarding the static behaviour from loads relevant to offshore wind turbines. The main issue in this concept is the rotational stiffness of the foundation and the combined capacity dominated by moments. The vertical bearing capacity of bucket foundations...... theory is proposed. The proposed expression applies to plane strain as well as axis-symmetric stress conditions for foundations with smooth or rough bases. A thorough experimental investigation of the static behaviour of bucket foundations subjected to combined loading is carried out. Laboratory tests...... as well as large-scale tests on bucket foundations subjected to low vertical load are performed during this work. Numerical simulations of the tests performed are carried out using the Mohr Coulomb material model and the commercial finite element code ABAQUS. Based on the present work, the finite element...

  10. Static Behaviour of Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Kim André

    . The monopod concept is investigated in this thesis, regarding the static behaviour from loads relevant to offshore wind turbines. The main issue in this concept is the rotational stiffness of the foundation and the combined capacity dominated by moments. The vertical bearing capacity of bucket foundations...... theory is proposed. The proposed expression applies to plane strain as well as axis-symmetric stress conditions for foundations with smooth or rough bases. A thorough experimental investigation of the static behaviour of bucket foundations subjected to combined loading is carried out. Laboratory tests...... method is concluded to be a superior method in estimating the post peak behaviour as well as the combined capacity of bucket foundations in relation to the offshore wind turbine problem....

  11. Children's Brain Tumor Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... SHOWS PROMISE AGAINST GLIOBLASTOMA 2016-12-01 “21st CENTURY CURES ACT": HOUSE PASSES RESEARCH BILL 2016-10- ... America, Africa and Asia with the lowest in Chinese populations and for blacks in South Africa (both ...

  12. BrightFocus Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... development of Alzheimer’s disease, and how targeting specific elements of the inflammatory process could be useful in ... the community of Stall Catchers – the first online game to crowdsource Alzheimer’s disease (AD) research. Tuesday, November ...

  13. Western Kentucky University Research Foundation Biodiesel Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pan, Wei-Ping [Principal Investigator; Cao, Yan [Co-Principal Investigator

    2013-03-15

    Petroleum-based liquid hydrocarbons is exclusively major energy source in the transportation sector. Thus, it is the major CO{sub 2} source which is the associated with greenhouse effect. In the United States alone, petroleum consumption in the transportation sector approaches 13.8 million barrels per day (Mbbl/d). It is corresponding to a release of 0.53 gigatons of carbon per year (GtC/yr), which accounts for approximate 7.6 % of the current global release of CO{sub 2} from all of the fossil fuel usage (7 GtC/yr). For the long term, the conventional petroleum production is predicted to peak in as little as the next 10 years to as high as the next 50 years. Negative environmental consequences, the frequently roaring petroleum prices, increasing petroleum utilization and concerns about competitive supplies of petroleum have driven dramatic interest in producing alternative transportation fuels, such as electricity-based, hydrogen-based and bio-based transportation alternative fuels. Use of either of electricity-based or hydrogen-based alternative energy in the transportation sector is currently laden with technical and economical challenges. The current energy density of commercial batteries is 175 Wh/kg of battery. At a storage pressure of 680 atm, the lower heating value (LHV) of H{sub 2} is 1.32 kWh/liter. In contrast, the corresponding energy density for gasoline can reach as high as 8.88 kWh/liter. Furthermore, the convenience of using a liquid hydrocarbon fuel through the existing infrastructures is a big deterrent to replacement by both batteries and hydrogen. Biomass-derived ethanol and bio-diesel (biofuels) can be two promising and predominant U.S. alternative transportation fuels. Both their energy densities and physical properties are comparable to their relatives of petroleum-based gasoline and diesel, however, biofuels are significantly environmental-benign. Ethanol can be made from the sugar-based or starch-based biomass materials, which is easily fermented to create ethanol. In the United States almost all starch ethanol is mainly manufactured from corn grains. The technology for manufacturing corn ethanol can be considered mature as of the late 1980s. In 2005, 14.3 % of the U.S. corn harvest was processed to produce 1.48 x10{sup 10} liters of ethanol, energetically equivalent to 1.72 % of U.S. gasoline usage. Soybean oil is extracted from 1.5 % of the U.S. soybean harvest to produce 2.56 x 10{sup 8} liters of bio-diesel, which was 0.09 % of U.S. diesel usage. However, reaching maximum rates of bio-fuel supply from corn and soybeans is unlikely because these crops are presently major contributors to human food supplies through livestock feed and direct consumption. Moreover, there currently arguments on that the conversion of many types of many natural landscapes to grow corn for feedstock is likely to create substantial carbon emissions that will exacerbate globe warming. On the other hand, there is a large underutilized resource of cellulose biomass from trees, grasses, and nonedible parts of crops that could serve as a feedstock. One of the potentially significant new bio-fuels is so called "cellulosic ethanol", which is dependent on break-down by microbes or enzymes. Because of technological limitations (the wider variety of molecular structures in cellulose and hemicellulose requires a wider variety of microorganisms to break them down) and other cost hurdles (such as lower kinetics), cellulosic ethanol can currently remain in lab scales. Considering farm yields, commodity and fuel prices, farm energy and agrichemical inputs, production plant efficiencies, byproduct production, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and other environmental effects, a life-cycle evaluation of competitive indicated that corn ethanol yields 25 % more energy than the energy invested in its production, whereas soybean bio-diesel yields 93 % more. Relative to the fossil fuels they displace, greenhouse gas emissions are reduced 12 % by the production and combustion of ethanol and 41 % by bio-diesel. Bio-diesel also releas

  14. Progeria Research Foundation Diagnostic Testing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    About Progeria Progeria 101/FAQ The Connection to Other Diseases The Science Behind Progeria The FTI Drug Lonafarnib For School Reports About ... Profile Our Brochure and Logo Quick Facts Chapters Progeria en espanol Meet the Kids Life According to ...

  15. A Summary of the Foundation Research Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    informa- tion processing psychology; my analysis is incompatible with Pylyshyn’s (1973) char- acterization of mental images as epiphe - nomena, which...they function as models of problems. Conference Presentations: "Visual Mental Imagery Is Not an Epiphe - nomen," Cognitive Science Society, 2nd annual

  16. Western Kentucky University Research Foundation Biodiesel Project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pan, Wei-Ping [Principal Investigator; Cao, Yan [Co-Principal Investigator

    2013-03-15

    Petroleum-based liquid hydrocarbons is exclusively major energy source in the transportation sector. Thus, it is the major CO{sub 2} source which is the associated with greenhouse effect. In the United States alone, petroleum consumption in the transportation sector approaches 13.8 million barrels per day (Mbbl/d). It is corresponding to a release of 0.53 gigatons of carbon per year (GtC/yr), which accounts for approximate 7.6 % of the current global release of CO{sub 2} from all of the fossil fuel usage (7 GtC/yr). For the long term, the conventional petroleum production is predicted to peak in as little as the next 10 years to as high as the next 50 years. Negative environmental consequences, the frequently roaring petroleum prices, increasing petroleum utilization and concerns about competitive supplies of petroleum have driven dramatic interest in producing alternative transportation fuels, such as electricity-based, hydrogen-based and bio-based transportation alternative fuels. Use of either of electricity-based or hydrogen-based alternative energy in the transportation sector is currently laden with technical and economical challenges. The current energy density of commercial batteries is 175 Wh/kg of battery. At a storage pressure of 680 atm, the lower heating value (LHV) of H{sub 2} is 1.32 kWh/liter. In contrast, the corresponding energy density for gasoline can reach as high as 8.88 kWh/liter. Furthermore, the convenience of using a liquid hydrocarbon fuel through the existing infrastructures is a big deterrent to replacement by both batteries and hydrogen. Biomass-derived ethanol and bio-diesel (biofuels) can be two promising and predominant U.S. alternative transportation fuels. Both their energy densities and physical properties are comparable to their relatives of petroleum-based gasoline and diesel, however, biofuels are significantly environmental-benign. Ethanol can be made from the sugar-based or starch-based biomass materials, which is easily fermented to create ethanol. In the United States almost all starch ethanol is mainly manufactured from corn grains. The technology for manufacturing corn ethanol can be considered mature as of the late 1980s. In 2005, 14.3 % of the U.S. corn harvest was processed to produce 1.48 x10{sup 10} liters of ethanol, energetically equivalent to 1.72 % of U.S. gasoline usage. Soybean oil is extracted from 1.5 % of the U.S. soybean harvest to produce 2.56 x 10{sup 8} liters of bio-diesel, which was 0.09 % of U.S. diesel usage. However, reaching maximum rates of bio-fuel supply from corn and soybeans is unlikely because these crops are presently major contributors to human food supplies through livestock feed and direct consumption. Moreover, there currently arguments on that the conversion of many types of many natural landscapes to grow corn for feedstock is likely to create substantial carbon emissions that will exacerbate globe warming. On the other hand, there is a large underutilized resource of cellulose biomass from trees, grasses, and nonedible parts of crops that could serve as a feedstock. One of the potentially significant new bio-fuels is so called "cellulosic ethanol", which is dependent on break-down by microbes or enzymes. Because of technological limitations (the wider variety of molecular structures in cellulose and hemicellulose requires a wider variety of microorganisms to break them down) and other cost hurdles (such as lower kinetics), cellulosic ethanol can currently remain in lab scales. Considering farm yields, commodity and fuel prices, farm energy and agrichemical inputs, production plant efficiencies, byproduct production, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and other environmental effects, a life-cycle evaluation of competitive indicated that corn ethanol yields 25 % more energy than the energy invested in its production, whereas soybean bio-diesel yields 93 % more. Relative to the fossil fuels they displace, greenhouse gas emissions are reduced 12 % by the production and combustion of ethanol and 41 % by bio-diesel. Bio-diesel also releases less air pollutants per net energy gain than ethanol. Bio-diesel has advantages over ethanol due to its lower agricultural inputs and more efficient conversion. Thus, to be a viable alternative, a bio-fuel firstly should be producible in large quantities without reducing food supplies. In this aspect, larger quantity supplies of cellulose biomass are likely viable alternatives. U. S. Congress has introduced an initiative and subsequently rolled into the basic energy package, which encourages the production of fuel from purely renewable resources, biomass. Secondly, a bio-fuel should also provide a net energy gain, have environmental benefits and be economically competitive. In this aspect, bio-diesel has advantages over ethanol. The commonwealth of Kentucky is fortunate to have a diverse and abundant supply of renewable energy resources. Both Kentucky Governor Beshear in the energy plan for Kentucky "Intelligent Energy Choices for Kentucky's Future", and Kentucky Renewable Energy Consortium, outlined strategies on developing energy in renewable, sustainable and efficient ways. Smart utilization of diversified renewable energy resources using advanced technologies developed by Kentucky public universities, and promotion of these technologies to the market place by collaboration between universities and private industry, are specially encouraged. Thus, the initially question answering Governor's strategic plan is if there is any economical way to make utilization of larger quantities of cellulose and hemicellulose for production of bio-fuels, especially bio-diesel. There are some possible options of commercially available technologies to convert cellulose based biomass energy to bio-fuels. Cellulose based biomass can be firstly gasified to obtain synthesis gas (a mixture of CO and H{sub 2}), which is followed up by being converted into liquid hydrocarbon fuels or oxygenate hydrocarbon fuel through Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) synthesis. Methanol production is regarded to be the most economic starting step in many-year practices of the development of F-T synthesis technology since only C{sub 1} synthesis through F-T process can potentially achieve 100% conversion efficiency. Mobil's F-T synthesis process is based on this understanding. Considering the economical advantages of bio-diesel production over ethanol and necessary supply of methanol during bio-diesel production, a new opportunity for bio-diesel production with total supplies of biomass-based raw materials through more economic reaction pathways is likely identified in this proposal. The bio-oil part of biomass can be transesterified under available methanol (or mixed alcohols), which can be synthesized in the most easy part of F-T synthesis process using synthesis gas from gasification of cellulose fractions of biomass. We propose a novel concept to make sense of bio-diesel production economically though a coupling reaction of bio-oil transesterification and methanol synthesis. It will overcome problems of current bio-diesel producing process based on separated handling of methanol and bio-oil.

  17. Excavationless Exterior Foundation Insulation Field Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schirber, T. [NorthernSTAR, Minneaplolis, MN (United States); Mosiman, G. [NorthernSTAR, Minneaplolis, MN (United States); Ojczyk, C. [NorthernSTAR, Minneaplolis, MN (United States)

    2014-09-01

    Building science research supports installing exterior (soil side) foundation insulation as the optimal method to enhance the hygrothermal performance of new homes. With exterior foundation insulation, water management strategies are maximized while insulating the basement space and ensuring a more even temperature at the foundation wall. However, such an approach can be very costly and disruptive when applied to an existing home, requiring deep excavation around the entire house. The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team implemented an innovative, minimally invasive foundation insulation upgrade technique on an existing home. The approach consisted of using hydrovac excavation technology combined with liquid insulating foam. The team was able to excavate a continuous 4 inches wide by 4 feet to 5 feet deep trench around the entire house, 128 linear feet, except for one small part under the stoop that was obstructed with concrete debris. The combination pressure washer and vacuum extraction technology also enabled the elimination of large trenches and soil stockpiles normally produced by backhoe excavation. The resulting trench was filled with liquid insulating foam, which also served as a water-control layer of the assembly. The insulation was brought above grade using a liquid foam/rigid foam hybrid system and terminated at the top of the rim joist. Cost savings over the traditional excavation process ranged from 23% to 50%. The excavationless process could result in even greater savings since replacement of building structures, exterior features, utility meters, and landscaping would be minimal or non-existent in an excavationless process.

  18. Excavationless Exterior Foundation Insulation Field Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schirber, T.; Mosiman, G.; Ojczyk, C.

    2014-10-01

    Building science research supports installing exterior (soil side) foundation insulation as the optimal method to enhance the hygrothermal performance of new homes. With exterior foundation insulation, water management strategies are maximized while insulating the basement space and ensuring a more even temperature at the foundation wall. However, such an approach can be very costly and disruptive when applied to an existing home, requiring deep excavation around the entire house. The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team implemented an innovative, minimally invasive foundation insulation upgrade technique on an existing home. The approach consisted of using hydrovac excavation technology combined with a liquid insulating foam. The team was able to excavate a continuous 4" wide by 4' to 5' deep trench around the entire house, 128 linear feet, except for one small part under the stoop that was obstructed with concrete debris. The combination pressure washer and vacuum extraction technology also enabled the elimination of large trenches and soil stockpiles normally produced by backhoe excavation. The resulting trench was filled with liquid insulating foam, which also served as a water-control layer of the assembly. The insulation was brought above grade using a liquid foam/rigid foam hybrid system and terminated at the top of the rim joist. Cost savings over the traditional excavation process ranged from 23% to 50%. The excavationless process could result in even greater savings since replacement of building structures, exterior features, utility meters, and landscaping would be minimal or non-existent in an excavationless process.

  19. Foundations in the South African senior phase curriculum for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Foundations in the South African senior phase curriculum for entrepreneurship education in consumer studies. ... PROMOTING ACCESS TO AFRICAN RESEARCH ... A qualitative curriculum content analysis was undertaken to investigate the ...

  20. Measuring the foundation of Homeland Security

    OpenAIRE

    Matthew, David A.

    2007-01-01

    CHDS State/Local This thesis provides a self-assessment tool to compel discussion concerning Homeland Security teamwork. Building on the research of others who have focused on collaboration and teamwork as essential for Homeland Security, it is proclaimed that teamwork is the foundation on which Homeland Security capabilities must be built. The purpose of this thesis is to define the components of teamwork amongst the local multidiscipline organizations with a common Homeland Security ...

  1. THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS OF HOSPITAL PHARMACY MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Paradis, Johanne; Gauthier, Jacques-Bernard

    2016-01-01

    The lack of interest of researchers in relation to question of hospital pharmacy management, and the status quo of existing managerial practices serving the reforms, justifies analysis of theoretical foundations of hospital pharmacy management. The objective is twofold. First, provide an overview of the socio-historical eras of the organizational theories in order to position the hospital pharmacy management on the axis of the changing ways of thinking about the organization and management. S...

  2. Stochastic relations foundations for Markov transition systems

    CERN Document Server

    Doberkat, Ernst-Erich

    2007-01-01

    Collecting information previously scattered throughout the vast literature, including the author's own research, Stochastic Relations: Foundations for Markov Transition Systems develops the theory of stochastic relations as a basis for Markov transition systems. After an introduction to the basic mathematical tools from topology, measure theory, and categories, the book examines the central topics of congruences and morphisms, applies these to the monoidal structure, and defines bisimilarity and behavioral equivalence within this framework. The author views developments from the general

  3. Measuring the foundation of Homeland Security

    OpenAIRE

    Matthew, David A.

    2007-01-01

    CHDS State/Local This thesis provides a self-assessment tool to compel discussion concerning Homeland Security teamwork. Building on the research of others who have focused on collaboration and teamwork as essential for Homeland Security, it is proclaimed that teamwork is the foundation on which Homeland Security capabilities must be built. The purpose of this thesis is to define the components of teamwork amongst the local multidiscipline organizations with a common Homeland Security ...

  4. Colwell tapped for National Scince Foundation post

    Science.gov (United States)

    Showstack, Randy

    President Clinton has announced his intent to nominate Rita Colwell as deputy director of the National Science Foundation.Colwell, president of the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute and a professor of microbiology at the university, has been active in national and international research and teaching in the areas of marine biotechnology and the molecular genetics of marine and estuarine bacteria, including the microbiology of the Chesapeake Bay.

  5. Evaluation Policy in a Nonprofit Foundation: A Case Study Exploration of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dillman, Lisa M.; Christie, Christina A.

    2017-01-01

    This study explores the relationship between evaluation policies and evaluation practice. Through document analysis, interviews, and a multiple case study, the research examined the explicit and implicit policies overarching the evaluation work commissioned by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and explored how these policies are…

  6. Foundations of Child Psychiatry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Emanuel, Ed.; And Others

    Twenty-eight papers examine basic theories and clinical methods in child psychiatry. Theories and methods discussed concern child psychiatry and the World Health Organization, pediatrics, child disturbances, observation, the psychodiagnostic approach, longitudinal research in child development, the comparative approach to early child development,…

  7. Immune Deficiency Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... informed with IDF communications Share Your Experiences Inspire others through your stories and videos Visit a Plasma Center Discover the ... to advance research and improve the quality of life of patients. Quick Links ... Reel Stories IDF ADVOCATE Newsletter IDF ePHR & PI CONNECT SCID ...

  8. Children's Tumor Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... participate in a study of the effects of social media and support groups on feelings of isolation and self-esteem ... have towards the representation of the NF in social media. More > Kendra Scott Supports NF Research Oct 21, 2016, Posted in Community , ...

  9. Polish Foundation for Energy Efficiency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    The Polish Foundation for Energy Efficiency (FEWE) was established in Poland at the end of 1990. FEWE, as an independent and non-profit organization, has the following objectives: to strive towards an energy efficient national economy, and to show the way and methods by use of which energy efficiency can be increased. The activity of the Foundation covers the entire territory of Poland through three regional centers: in Warsaw, Katowice and Cracow. FEWE employs well-known and experienced specialists within thermal and power engineering, civil engineering, economy and applied sciences. The organizer of the Foundation has been Battelle Memorial Institute - Pacific Northwest Laboratories from the USA.

  10. Foundations for low cost buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayed Abdel Salam

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Attaining an economical and safe design of structures is regarded as a prerequisite for the structural engineer. The market prices of reinforcing steels have dramatically soared in recent years internationally. Therefore, the purpose of the current paper is not just reducing the ratio of reinforcing steel in the foundations for skeleton structures, but rather minimizing this ratio through choosing the most effective footing shape (folded strip footings. Folded footings have been used as an alternative to the conventional rectangular strip footings. The height of the studied model is ten floors. Two different foundation systems are used in the analysis namely; rectangular strip footings, and folded strip footings respectively. Both footing shapes will be designed as continuous footings with grid shape under the building. Comparison between the two systems is also presented regarding the concrete sections and reinforcement ratio under the same applied loads. The finite element analysis software ADINA is used in modeling and analysis of the structural and geotechnical behavior of both types of footings, with emphasis on the effect of changing the footing shape on the stresses in the footing concrete body and the underlying soils. Research results presents the internal stresses within the footing and soil domains, as well as the contact pressure distribution for a reinforced folded strip footing resting on different soil types. The influence of folding inclination angle, and soil type on the results are also studied. Results showed that folded strip footings are efficient in reducing the amount of needed reinforcements, and such efficiency in reducing the required steel reinforcement in the footings is depending on the applied footing loads, and to some degree on the soil type and properties. Reduction in the reinforcement ratio between the rectangular and folded footing types is about 26% in favor of the folded strip footings. A comparative

  11. A foundational observation method for studying design situations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cash, Philip; Hicks, Ben; Culley, Steve

    2015-01-01

    Observational studies of designers play an important role in engineering design research, yet there is currently no accepted standard approach for comparing, combining, or contrasting studies. Consequentially, reuse, reanalysis, replication, and aggregation of data are limited and the potential...... impact of individual studies is severely constrained. This paper begins to address this issue by introducing and developing a foundational method for observational design research to improve replicability, reuse, and overall comparability of empirical studies. A three-step foundational method is proposed...

  12. [The influence of the organizational structure on the internal controls of a foundation for cancer research, prevention and care in the interior of the state of São Paulo, Brazil].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonacim, Carlos Alberto Grespam; Salgado, André Luís; Girioli, Lumila Souza; de Araujo, Adriana Maria Procópio

    2011-05-01

    This work focuses on a discussion about the extent to which the level of organizational structure interferes in the internal control practices of non-governmental organizations (NGOs), especially those related to health. The objective of this work was to observe the efficiency of the internal control tests applied within the organizational structure of the Foundation for Cancer Research, Prevention and Care, checking the reliability of the accounting records and operational controls. A case study in a third sector health organization was the chosen methodology. The case study involved company interviews and the analysis of confidential reports. After an evaluation of the organizational structure (of the relations between officials and volunteers) and the application of evaluation proceedings on the quality of the internal controls, the extent to which the organizational structure interferes with the internal control practices of the hospital was assessed. It was revealed that there are structured mechanisms of control in the institution, however the implementation of these controls is inadequately performed. It was further detected that the level of the organizational structure does indeed interfere in internal control practices at the entity.

  13. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation (RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra

  14. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providin gquality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in

  15. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools

  16. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in

  17. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation(RDF),founded in1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providingquality education for underprivileged rural children.RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in

  18. Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... enabled to enjoy the full interactive experience. Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America Find a Doctor Find a ... Local Chapters News Events Search: What are Crohn's & Colitis? What is Crohn's Disease What is Ulcerative Colitis ...

  19. Kaiser Family Foundation - Content Search

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Chartpacks, chartbooks, factsheets, reports, and slide presentations bring Kaiser Family Foundation information to life, and can be easily incorporated into your...

  20. Foundation for Film and Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Veen, G.

    1976-01-01

    Provides a comprehensive discussion on the Stichting Film en Wetenschap, SFW (Foundation for Film and Science), in Utrecht. Various aspects of the use of audio-visual aids in university teaching are looked at in detail. (Editor/RK)

  1. Summary on the Calculation Research of Rectangular Cistern on Elastic Foundation%弹性地基上矩形水池结构计算的研究现况综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王寿生

    2012-01-01

    Concerning the calculation of the cistern structure, a simplified method is usually adopted in practical projects at present, that is approximate moment distribution method considering the reaction of the bottom plate as the form of linear distribution. Apparently, this method is not quite reasonable. Some of the more accurate calculation methods in recent years both at home and abroad are summarized in this paper including a brief analysis of various methods or research applications. The interaction between cistern plates and the influence of elastic foundation's to cistern have been considered in these methods. However, the research need to continue to be improved and promoted.%关于矩形水池的结构计算,目前在实际工程中多考虑采用简化的计算方法,即采用近似的弯矩分配法,并将水池底板的地基反力视为线性分布,这种方法显然不够合理.本文对近年来国内外出现的一些较为精确的计算方法进行归纳总结,并简要分析各种方法或研究成果的应用情况.这些方法已考虑水池各板块的相互作用和弹性地基对水池的影响等问题,但还需继续完善与推广.

  2. National Science Foundation Assistant Director for Mathematics and Physical Sciences Tony Chan (USA) visiting CMS experiment on 23rd May 2007 with Spokesperson T. Virdee, Deputy Spokesperson R. Cousins, Advisor to CERN Director-General J. Ellis, US CMS Research Program Deputy Manager D. Marlow and FNAL D. Green

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    National Science Foundation Assistant Director for Mathematics and Physical Sciences Tony Chan (USA) visiting CMS experiment on 23rd May 2007 with Spokesperson T. Virdee, Deputy Spokesperson R. Cousins, Advisor to CERN Director-General J. Ellis, US CMS Research Program Deputy Manager D. Marlow and FNAL D. Green

  3. 18 February 2013 - Foundation for Polish Science President M. Zylicz signing the guest book with CERN Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci; visiting the ALICE experimental cavern with K. Safarik and L. Graczykowskind LHC tunnel with Technology Department A. Siemko.

    CERN Multimedia

    Samuel Morier-Genoud

    2013-01-01

    18 February 2013 - Foundation for Polish Science President M. Zylicz signing the guest book with CERN Director for Research and Scientific Computing S. Bertolucci; visiting the ALICE experimental cavern with K. Safarik and L. Graczykowskind LHC tunnel with Technology Department A. Siemko.

  4. Foundations of radiation hydrodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Mihalas, Dimitri

    1999-01-01

    Radiation hydrodynamics is a broad subject that cuts across many disciplines in physics and astronomy: fluid dynamics, thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, kinetic theory, and radiative transfer, among others. The theory developed in this book by two specialists in the field can be applied to the study of such diverse astrophysical phenomena as stellar winds, supernova explosions, and the initial phases of cosmic expansion, as well as the physics of laser fusion and reentry vehicles. As such, it provides students with the basic tools for research on radiating flows.Largely self-contained,

  5. Social-Economic Criteria about the Application of Shell Foundations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoermes González Haramboure

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available TaThis paper provide arguments about the relevance of research and application of shell foundations,from a literature review that sets the theoretical and practical development attained by Cuban civilengineering in this field. It identifies several Cuban buildings with great social and economic importance,where the use of shell foundations helped to reduce the construction cost, and construction difficultiesattributed to its execution were refuted. Are mentioned the main theoretical contributions and studiesthat established equations and calculation methods applied to shells for «tower» structures foundations.By comparison in terms of volumes of materials, costs, volumes of fuel consumed and CO2 emittedinto the atmosphere in cement production, this article concludes on economic and environmentaladvantages of implementing shell foundations with respect to traditional flat base foundations in elevatedtanks type «Güira» and chimneys for sugar industries.

  6. On the instability of offshore foundations: theory and mechanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, FuPing; Li, JinHui; Qi, WenGang; Hu, Cun

    2015-12-01

    As the offshore engineering moving from shallow to deep waters, the foundation types for fixed and floating platforms have been gradually evolving to minimize engineering costs and structural risks in the harsh offshore environments. Particular focus of this paper is on the foundation instability and its failure mechanisms as well as the relevant theory advances for the prevailing foundation types in both shallow and deep water depths. Piles, spudcans, gravity bases, suction caissons, and plate anchors are detailed in this paper. The failure phenomena and mechanisms for each type of foundations are identified and summarized, respectively. The theoretical approaches along with sophisticated empirical solutions for the bearing capacity problems are then presented. The major challenges are from flow-structure-soil coupling processes, rigorous constitutive modeling of cyclic behaviors of marine sediments, and the spatial variability of soil properties for large-spreading structures. Further researches are suggested to reveal the instability mechanisms for underpinning the evolution of offshore foundations.

  7. Fractal geometry mathematical foundations and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Falconer, Kenneth

    2013-01-01

    The seminal text on fractal geometry for students and researchers: extensively revised and updated with new material, notes and references that reflect recent directions. Interest in fractal geometry continues to grow rapidly, both as a subject that is fascinating in its own right and as a concept that is central to many areas of mathematics, science and scientific research. Since its initial publication in 1990 Fractal Geometry: Mathematical Foundations and Applications has become a seminal text on the mathematics of fractals.  The book introduces and develops the general theory and applica

  8. A behaviorological thanatology: Foundations and implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraley, Lawrence E.

    1998-01-01

    Foundation principles supporting a behaviorological thanatology are reviewed, including concepts of life, person, death, value, right, ethic, and body/person distinctions. These natural science foundations are contrasted with traditional foundations, and their respective implications are speculatively explored. PMID:22478293

  9. SUSTAINABLE CONCRETE FOR WIND TURBINE FOUNDATIONS.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    BERNDT,M.L.

    2004-06-01

    The use of wind power to generate electricity continues to grow, especially given commitments by various countries throughout the world to ensure that a significant percentage of energy comes from renewable sources. In order to meet such objectives, increasingly larger turbines with higher capacity are being developed. The engineering aspects of larger turbine development tend to focus on design and materials for blades and towers. However, foundations are also a critical component of large wind turbines and represent a significant cost of wind energy projects. Ongoing wind research at BNL is examining two areas: (a) structural response analysis of wind turbine-tower-foundation systems and (b) materials engineering of foundations. This work is investigating the dynamic interactions in wind turbine systems, which in turn assists the wind industry in achieving improved reliability and more cost efficient foundation designs. The results reported herein cover initial studies of concrete mix designs for large wind turbine foundations and how these may be tailored to reduce cost and incorporate sustainability and life cycle concepts. The approach taken was to investigate material substitutions so that the environmental, energy and CO{sub 2}-impact of concrete could be reduced. The use of high volumes of ''waste'' materials in concrete was examined. These materials included fly ash, blast furnace slag and recycled concrete aggregate. In addition, the use of steel fiber reinforcement as a means to improve mechanical properties and potentially reduce the amount of bar reinforcement in concrete foundations was studied. Four basic mixes were considered. These were: (1) conventional mix with no material substitutions, (2) 50% replacement of cement with fly ash, (3) 50% replacement of cement with blast furnace slag and (4) 25% replacement of cement with fly ash and 25% replacement with blast furnace slag. Variations on these mixes included the addition of 1

  10. Foundations for the future

    CERN Multimedia

    2010-01-01

    Since this is the last Bulletin of 2010, this will be the last word from the Director-General for this remarkable year. I’d like to use it to share some of my reflections on how important it is for CERN, and for science, that the LHC has worked so very well. The scientific results are remarkable, but it’s the political legacy of the LHC’s first year of running that I’d like to talk about here.   Whenever economies are slow, as they are now, basic science comes under pressure as governments look to applied science for winners. Basic science takes too long to deliver products to market – so the conventional logic goes – and it’s much better to concentrate on the applied. There’s merit to this logic, but it’s no cure-all for the economy. We need a broadly balanced approach to science that includes basic and applied research, that harnesses the power of the new media to ensure open access to knowledge, and that...

  11. Building strong foundations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, S; Birch, I

    1998-07-01

    A 1997 study evaluated the quantitative, publicly available, and regularly reported data continuously collected by Oxfam to determine whether there have been changes in the diversity of employees over the past 3 years, whether the data collection met the needs of managers trying to implement the gender policy, and what strategies and recommendations could be adopted. It was found that, until recently, Oxfam only collected data about contracted staff in the UK, including only senior staff in country offices. In addition, Oxfam has not collected publicly available information about the most senior management positions. The analysis based on the incomplete information available indicated that the UK-contracted work force contains a majority of women, but men remain three grades higher than most women and women occupy fewer and fewer positions as the management ladder climbs. The gender-mapping report recommended that Oxfam 1) collect data on all employees; 2) commission research to identify and analyze key factors that prohibit women from advancing in management; and 3) make a commitment to ensure that the gains women have made continue. In related work in the East and Central Africa region, the recruitment of a human resources officer will facilitate the collection of comprehensive human resources data as a basis for future decision-making. Problems faced include the fact that women caring for dependents will have less opportunity to take advantage of the employment opportunities offered by regionalization and that mobility will be hampered by restrictions on visas and work permits.

  12. Perceptions of Academics towards the Impact of Foundation Universities on Turkish Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erguvan, Deniz

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the effects of foundation universities on the higher education system of Turkey through perceptions of academic staff in state and foundation universities. In this qualitative research, 15 members of academic staff were interviewed for their perceptions regarding a variety of issues about foundation universities. Analysis of…

  13. Investigating the Learning-Theory Foundations of Game-Based Learning: A Meta-Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, W-H.; Hsiao, H-C.; Wu, P-L.; Lin, C-H.; Huang, S-H.

    2012-01-01

    Past studies on the issue of learning-theory foundations in game-based learning stressed the importance of establishing learning-theory foundation and provided an exploratory examination of established learning theories. However, we found research seldom addressed the development of the use or failure to use learning-theory foundations and…

  14. Research on Mechanism and Dynamic Characteristics of Composite Foundation with Multi-type Piles%多桩型复合地基作用机理与动力特性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳美; 潘振华; 张鸿儒; 王震; 黄春霞

    2015-01-01

    To meet the requirements of bearing capacity and anti-liquefaction of liquefiable founda-tions,the reinforcement of liquefiable soil using CFG piles combined with gravel piles is used in engineering.In this study,a composite foundation with multi-type piles composed of gravel piles and CFG piles was analyzed.In composite foundations with multi-type piles,gravel piles are sup-plemented piles that are mainly used to accelerate the foundation drainage consolidation.CFG piles are the main piles that undertake greater seismic load and reduce the dynamic pore pressure and post-earthquake settlement of the foundation.A composite foundation with multi-type piles com-posed of gravel and CFG piles can improve the bearing capacity and liquefaction resistance of a liquefiable foundation.A three dimensional numerical model was established and the dynamic characteristics of a composite foundation with multi-type piles was studied through numerical simulation;the influence of design parameters such as the ratio of pile type,pile diameter,pile length,CFG pile body stiffness,and gravel pile body permeability on dynamic characteristics of a composite foundation with multi-type piles was analyzed.The results show that the dynamic de-formation of a composite foundation,including gravel pile composite foundation,CFG pile com-posite foundation,and composite foundation with multi-type piles is obviously smaller than that of a natural foundation during earthquakes,and the dynamic deformation decreases with increase in the number of CFG piles.When the ratio of gravel piles and CFG piles is 4:5,the dynamic de-formation curve of a composite foundation with multi-type piles is close to that of the CFG pile composite foundation and the influence of the increase in the amount of CFG piles on the reduc-tion in the dynamic deformation of the composite foundation is no longer obvious.When the ratio of gravel piles and CFG piles is 4:5,the dynamic pore water pressure of the composite foundation

  15. Moral foundations vignettes: a standardized stimulus database of scenarios based on moral foundations theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clifford, Scott; Iyengar, Vijeth; Cabeza, Roberto; Sinnott-Armstrong, Walter

    2015-12-01

    Research on the emotional, cognitive, and social determinants of moral judgment has surged in recent years. The development of moral foundations theory (MFT) has played an important role, demonstrating the breadth of morality. Moral psychology has responded by investigating how different domains of moral judgment are shaped by a variety of psychological factors. Yet, the discipline lacks a validated set of moral violations that span the moral domain, creating a barrier to investigating influences on judgment and how their neural bases might vary across the moral domain. In this paper, we aim to fill this gap by developing and validating a large set of moral foundations vignettes (MFVs). Each vignette depicts a behavior violating a particular moral foundation and not others. The vignettes are controlled on many dimensions including syntactic structure and complexity making them suitable for neuroimaging research. We demonstrate the validity of our vignettes by examining respondents' classifications of moral violations, conducting exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, and demonstrating the correspondence between the extracted factors and existing measures of the moral foundations. We expect that the MFVs will be beneficial for a wide variety of behavioral and neuroimaging investigations of moral cognition.

  16. 国家自然科学基金资助口腔医学项目的结题绩效分析%Analysis of dental and craniofacial research programs supported by National Natural Science Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江青松; 羡慕; 洪微; 徐岩英; 董尔丹

    2012-01-01

    目的 为了促进口腔医学领域国家自然科学基金各类项目的绩效管理,展示基金成果及研究进展.方法 收集国家自然科学基金(National Natural Science Foundation of China,NSFC)2000-2006年资助并分别于2003-2009年结题的口腔医学项目,根据项目负责人提交的结题报告,统计结题项目的人才培养、发表论文、获得专利及奖项、国内外学术交流情况和研究方向.结果 近7年共有307项口腔医学结题项目,其中面上项目185项,青年科学基金项目73项,地区基金13项,重点项目3项,国家杰出青年基金项目1项,其他32项.平均每个研究项目培养4名研究生;面上项目结题完成情况好于青年基金和地区基金;近7年每个项目在SCI收录期刊发表论文的数量逐年提高,且在口腔领域和生物医学领域重要国际学术期刊发表论文的数量保持稳定,约半数的负责人在结题时有SCI论文发表;共获得专利9项、省部级奖励13项,参加国内外交流610次.结论 NSFC资助口腔医学研究取得了重要研究进展和成果,促进了基础研究发展和人才培养,今后应加强自主创新意识,注重专利申请和论文质量的进一步提高.%Objective To enhance the fund efficiency of dental research programs supported by National Natural Science Foundation (NSFC) and to reveal the achievements and progresses of the funds.Methods The data of programs in dental and craniofacial field supported by NSFC from 1999 to 2006 and completed between 2003 and 2009 were collected based on the final reports by the investigators.The data of personnel training,research publication,patent,awards,and academic communication at domestic and international levels were all collected and analysed. Results There were 307 grants in total,including 185 general programs,73 Young Scientists Funds,13 regional funds,3 Key Programs,1 National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars and 32 others.An average of 4

  17. Foundation Networks and American Hegemony

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inderjeet Parmar

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The major American foundations constructed and sustained the rich texture of cooperative social, intellectual and political relations between key actors and institutions supportive of specific modes of thought that promoted US hegemony. Foundations also fostered and developed the attractive power-knowledge networks that not only radiated intellectual influence but also attracted some of the most creative minds. Finally, liberal internationalist foundations fostered globalism even when the American state was ‘isolationist’, and when US influence abroad unwelcome. Their significance in American hegemony building lay in their sustained, long-term cooperative relationship with the American state through which they helped build national, international and global institutions and networks. The latter process evidences the most significant impact of US foundations – the building of the domestic and international infrastructure for liberal internationalism which has transformed into a kind of “social neoliberalism”. Theoretical conclusions follow from these claims: the sustained and deep cooperation between the state and foundations suggests that we must revise our views of “how power works” in the United States and therefore influences its foreign relations. Therefore, the article shows that elite networks, consisting of state officials and private citizens are powerful means by which foreign policy shifts may be prepared, elite and mass opinion primed and mobilised, new consensus built, ‘old’ forces marginalised, and US hegemony constructed.

  18. Pesquisa em Serviço Social e fundamentos da perspectiva teórico-metodológica marxiana Research in Social Work and foundations of the marxian theoretical-methodological perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adilson Aquino Silveira Júnior

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa o fundamento investigativo fornecido por Marx às suas categorias teórico-metodológicas, ou seja, como opera a relação entre ontologia, processo gnosiológico e método no pensamento do autor. Destaca que a apropriação da abordagem marxiana entre ontologia e método, no desenvolvimento da pesquisa em Serviço Social, constitui uma exigência para o aprofundamento da perspectiva crítica e emancipatória do projeto profissional. A partir da categoria da práxis, evidencia as vinculações orgânicas entre as determinações ontológicas e as metodológicas no processo de produção do conhecimento, que implicam a recusa de uma postura formal-abstrata. Finalmente, assinala que a perspectiva da totalidade concreta e da historicidade inviabiliza qualquer separação especulativa e formalista do método em relação às contradições da vida social.This article analyzes the investigative foundation provided by Marx to his theoretical-methodological categories, that is, how to operate the relationship between ontology, gnosiological process and method in his work. It highlights that the appropriation of a Marxian approach to ontology and method in research in Social Work is necessary to deepen the critical and emancipatory perspective of the profession. Based on the category of praxis, it reveals the organic ties between the ontological and methodological determinations in the process of production of knowledge, which imply the refusal of a formal-abstract position. Finally, it indicates that the perspective of concrete totality and of historicity make unviable any speculative and formalist separation of the method in relation to the contradictions of social life.

  19. 基础和应用基础研究是创新药物研究与开发的源泉%The basic and applied basic researches are the foundation of research and development of new drugs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨秀伟; 张礼和

    2001-01-01

    From the soon-to-be-completed Human Genome Project to Combinatorial Chemistry and High-Throughput Screening combined with bioinformatic tools, scie n tific advances are poised to revolutionize drug discovery and even health care. The research directions in the State Key Laboratory of Natural and Biomimetic Dr ugs of Peking University mainly focus on the study of interaction between biolog ical targets and active compounds with structural diversity including endogeno us and exogenous substances, especially the natural products that come from anim als, plants and inorganic medicines. The new lead compounds have been designed and s ynthesized based on the structure-activity relationship and computer modeling. T he research activities are involved in 76 national research projects. From 1996 -20 00, 310 papers have been published, 8 patents obtained an d 14 prizes of scientific achievements awarded by the Chinese government and min istries.

  20. ICASE/LaRC/NSF/ARO Workshop, conducted by the Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering, NASA Langley Research Center, The National Science Foundation and the Army Research Office

    CERN Document Server

    Anderson, W

    2000-01-01

    Over the last decade, the role of computational simulations in all aspects of aerospace design has steadily increased. However, despite the many advances, the time required for computations is far too long. This book examines new ideas and methodologies that may, in the next twenty years, revolutionize scientific computing. The book specifically looks at trends in algorithm research, human computer interface, network-based computing, surface modeling and grid generation and computer hardware and architecture. The book provides a good overview of the current state-of-the-art and provides guidelines for future research directions. The book is intended for computational scientists active in the field and program managers making strategic research decisions.

  1. The foundation mass concrete construction technology of Hongyun Building B tower raft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yu; Yin, Suhua; Wu, Yanli; Zhao, Ying

    2017-08-01

    The foundation of Hongyun building B tower is made of raft board foundation which is 3300mm in the thickness and 2800mm beside side of the core tube. It is researched that the raft foundation mass concrete construction technology is expatiated from temperature and cracks of the raft foundation and the temperature control and monitoring of the concrete base slab construction and concrete curing.

  2. Macroelement modeling of shallow foundations

    CERN Document Server

    Chatzigogos, Charisis; Salençon, J

    2008-01-01

    The paper presents a new macroelement model for shallow foundations. The model is defined through a non-linear constitutive law written in terms of some generalized force and displacement parameters. The linear part of this constitutive law comes from the dynamic impedances of the foundation. The non-linear part comprises two mechanisms. One is due to the irreversible elastoplastic soil behavior: it is described with a bounding surface hypoplastic model, adapted for the description of the cyclic soil response. An original feature of the formulation is that the bounding surface is considered independently of the surface of ultimate loads of the system. The second mechanism is the detachment that can take place at the soil-footing interface (foundation uplift). It is totally reversible and non-dissipative and can thus be described by a phenomenological non-linear elastic model. The macroelement is qualitatively validated by application to soil-structure interaction analyses of simple real structures.

  3. A logical foundation for the semantic Web

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHI Zhongzhi; DONG Mingkai; JIANG Yuncheng; ZHANG Haijun

    2005-01-01

    The current research progresses and problems of the semantic Web are analyzed in this paper, and the insufficiency of using description logic to act as logical foundation for the semantic Web is analyzed too. According to the characteristics and requirement of the semantic Web, a kind of new dynamic description logic (DDL) framework is presented. The representation and reasoning of static knowledge and dynamic knowledge are integrated in this framework. Especially, a kind of action description method is proposed, and according to description logic theory, the action semantics is described, so DDL is a kind of formal logical framework which can process static knowledge and dynamic knowledge. The DDL has clear and formally defined semantics. It provides decidable reasoning services, and it can support effective representation and reasoning of the static knowledge, dynamic process and running mechanism (realization and subsumption relation of action). Therefore, the DDL provides reasonable logic foundation for the semantic Web, and overcomes the insufficiency of using description logic to act as logical foundation for the semantic Web.

  4. Foundation Ownership, Reputation, and Labour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Børsting, Christa Winther; Thomsen, Steen

    2017-01-01

    of profitability and growth, despite lacking governance mechanisms such as profit incentives or takeover threats. Given their non-profit ownership, they might be expected to behave more responsibly towards stakeholders, such as employees or customers (Hansmann, 1980), but so far there has been little empirical...... ratings. Secondary evidence on labour market behaviour is consistent with these findings. Using matched employer–employee data we show that foundation-owned companies are more stable employers, pay their employees better, and keep them for longer. Altogether, the evidence indicates that foundation...

  5. ITIL Foundation exam study guide

    CERN Document Server

    Gallacher, Liz

    2012-01-01

    Everything you need to prepare for the ITIL exam The ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructure Library) exam is the ultimate certification for IT service management. This essential resource is a complete guide to preparing for the ITIL Foundation exam and includes everything you need for success. Organized around the ITIL Foundation syllabus, the study guide addresses the ITIL Service Lifecycles, the ITIL processes, roles, and functions, and also thoroughly explains how the Service Lifecycle provides effective and efficient IT services. Offers an introduction to IT service management and ITI

  6. Physical foundations of technical acoustics

    CERN Document Server

    Malecki, I

    1969-01-01

    Physical Foundations of Technical Acoustics discusses theoretical foundations of acoustical engineering. It is not so much a technical compendium as a systematic statement of physical laws so conceived that technologists might find in it all the information they need to become acquainted with the physical meaning and mathematical expression of phenomena they encounter in their work. To facilitate the acquirement of notions, which lie beyond a layman's grasp, the plan of narration adopted consists in beginning with the simplest idealized cases and then gradually moving on to the truest possibl

  7. On the foundation of Mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Alonso-Blanco, Ricardo J

    2014-01-01

    This note is an extended version of "A note on the foundations of Mechanics", arXiv: 1404.1321 [math-ph]. A presentation of its contents was given in a talk in memorial homage to the professor Juan B. Sancho Guimer\\'a. For this reason, it was written in spanish language. The matter of the note is a systematic foundation of the most classical part of Mechanics. The content by sections is: 0)Notions and basic results, 1)Conservative systems 2) Time. Time constraints, 3) Proper time. Relativistic forces, 4)Electromagnetic fields, 5) On the Hamilton-Noether Principle, 6) Schr\\"odinger equation.

  8. Professional Team Foundation Server 2010

    CERN Document Server

    Blankenship, Ed; Holliday, Grant; Keller, Brian

    2011-01-01

    Authoritative guide to TFS 2010 from a dream team of Microsoft insiders and MVPs!Microsoft Visual Studio Team Foundation Server (TFS) has evolved until it is now an essential tool for Microsoft?s Application Lifestyle Management suite of productivity tools, enabling collaboration within and among software development teams. By 2011, TFS will replace Microsoft?s leading source control system, VisualSourceSafe, resulting in an even greater demand for information about it. Professional Team Foundation Server 2010, written by an accomplished team of Microsoft insiders and Microsoft MVPs, provides

  9. Professional Team Foundation Server 2012

    CERN Document Server

    Blankenship, Ed; Holliday, Grant; Keller, Brian

    2012-01-01

    A comprehensive guide to using Microsoft Team Foundation Server 2012 Team Foundation Server has become the leading Microsoft productivity tool for software management, and this book covers what developers need to know to use it effectively. Fully revised for the new features of TFS 2012, it provides developers and software project managers with step-by-step instructions and even assists those who are studying for the TFS 2012 certification exam. You'll find a broad overview of TFS, thorough coverage of core functions, a look at extensibility options, and more, written by Microsoft ins

  10. Study of wind turbine foundations in cold climates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2012-11-01

    This report provides an overview of the processes at work in soil in cold climates and their effect on wind turbine foundations. Havsnaes wind farm consists of 48 turbines located in Jaemtland county in central Sweden. Havsnaes has provided an appropriate research environment to investigate the engineering challenges related to the design and construction of wind turbine foundations in sub-arctic conditions and the experienced gained from this project informs this report.

  11. 机械设计基础“实践引导式”教学方法的应用研究%Research on the Practice--lead Teaching Method for Mechanical Design Foundation Courses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祖莉; 宋梅利; 梁医

    2012-01-01

    本文论述了在机械设计基础的教学过程,斗,开展“实践引导式”教学方法的应用研究和实施过程。通过“实践引导式”教学方法的实施.进行实验教学改革,提高了学生的实践动手能力;改革课程设计,提高了学生的设计能力;构建机械创新实践平台,培养了学生创新能力;开展科研训练,锻炼了学生的独立工作能力。“实践引导式”教学方法将理论与实践、分析与综合、学习与创造互为交融、发展成为整合式工程设计教育,使学生在掌握学科知识和基本技能的同时,培养机械设计工程师的综合品质和创新能力。%The teaching method named practice--lead is studied in the process of mechanical design foundation courses. The research contents and the execution of the teaching method are discussed in this paper. It is observed that experiment teaching reform advances students' practice ability, curriculum project reform advances students' design ability,construction o[ mechanism innovation platform cultivates students' innovation ability, development of scientific research trains students' independent working ability. The practice--lead teaching method combines theory and practice, analysis and synthesis, study and creation, and it develops into the integral engineering design education. Students can master the scientific knowledge and basic skills as well as develop the syntheses quality being an engineer and the innovation ability.

  12. Research on Dynamic Behavior of Frame Foundation for Large-Scale Steam Turbine-Generator Set%大型汽轮发电机组框架式基础的动力特性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梅德庆; 何闻; 沈润杰; 陈子辰

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, the dynamic model building of frame foundation for large-scale steam turbine generator set is performed by substructure method. All the major components of frame foundation, including deck, piers, foundation mat, and soil medium, have been included. Deck and piers are treat ed as 3-D beam element, foundation mat is treated as elastic thin plate and simulated by approximate solution of Ritz function. Furthermore, FFAS software package is developed on the basis of the dy namic model, internal characteristics and dynamic response of frame foundation for a 600MW steam turbine-generator set are analysed by FFAS. And some important results are concluded, which is of some value to the design of frame foundation for large-scale steam turbine generator set. Figs 8, ta bles 2 and refs 8.%对大型汽轮发电机组框架式基础利用子结构法进行了动力学建模分析。平台、立柱框架部分采用梁 单元进行离散化,基础底板则采用弹性薄板的Ritz函数近似解来模拟,从而有效地解决了基础与地基的边界 接触问题。根据该动力学模型编制了FFAS框架式基础动力特性分析软件,并对国内某电厂的1台600MW 汽轮发电机组框架式基础进行了动力特性分析计算,并得出了结论。图8表2参8

  13. 国家自然科学基金与中国胰腺炎基础研究%National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) and the progress of basic research of pancreatitis in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张坚; 龚渭华; 刘小伟; 孙瑞娟

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the funding and output of pancreatitis related projects supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC),and provide suggestions for the funding strategy in the field of pancreatitis research.Methods Database of funded projects and completion reports of NSFC between 1990 and 2012 were retrieved.The number of grants,amount of grants,types,contents,and paper output of funded projects were respectively analyzed.Results From 2000 to 2012,114 projects involving pancreatitis were funded by NSFC,including 71 general programs (62.3%),8 regional programs,34 youth programs (29.8%),1 key program.The total fund during 2011-2012 reached 25.44 million RMB for pancreatitis research,which was 2.76 times higher than that of 2000-2010.According to PubMed search,93 SCI papers funded by NSFC were published during 2011-2012,which was 2.07 times more than that of 2000-2010.The researches mostly focused on molecular mechanism and therapeutic effect of acute pancreatitis,chronic pancreatitis and severe acute pancreatitis,which accounted for 61.4% of all projects.Conclusions The number of grants,amount of grants,and NSFC funded SCI paper output of pancreatitis research have grown steadily,and it indicates that long-term funding of NSFC has played a positive role in promoting the development of clinical and basic research in the field of pancreatitis.%目的 分析国家自然科学基金(NSFC)对胰腺炎研究领域的资助情况与成果产出情况,为胰腺炎领域的基金资助方向提供参考.方法 检索1990年至2012年度NSFC资助项目数据库和历年结题报告,分别统计资助项目数量、资助经费、基金项目类型、资助内容、SCI论文产出等.结果 NSFC共资助114项胰腺炎领域项目,其中2000年至2012年间共资助面上项目71项(62.3%),重点项目1项,青年基金34项(29.8%),地区基金项目8项.2011年和2012年资助总投入经费2 544万,是2000至2010年间总投入的2.76

  14. 盐湖地区输电线路基础沉降控制研究%Research on Settlement Control of the Transmission Line Foundation in Salt Lake Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑卫锋; 满银; 喻新强; 谭青海; 童武; 龚兴国; 刘毅; 张军强; 朱岸明

    2013-01-01

    针对盐湖地区输电线路杆塔基础建设中所面临的盐渍土结构强度低这一特殊地质条件,通过开展平板载荷试验对比分析了不同碎石换填厚度下盐渍土地基的承载特性,并以新疆与西北主网联网750 kV第二通道输变电线路工程的斜柱式基础为设计原型计算分析了基础的最终沉降量,分析得到了盐湖地区盐渍土软弱地基的沉降控制处理方案.结果表明,在盐湖地区输电线路地基基础工程中采用基底换填碎石的方法可显著提高地基承载力,有效降低基础沉降量.%During the construction of the transmission line tower foundation in salt lake area, engineers met many special geological conditions, the structure weakness of the saline soil in particular. In this paper, bearing characteristics of the salty soil foundations with different gravel replacement thicknesses are compared through plate loading tests. The pad and chimney foundation is selected as a design proto-type to calculate the final foundation settlement in the second 750 kV power transmission line between Xinjiang power grid and the northwest main power grid. The treatment scheme to control the soft salty soil foundation settlement is finally obtained for salt lake area. The results show that the scheme can significantly increase the bearing capacity of the foundation and effectively reduce the amounts of foundation settlement when the gravel replacement thickness of the transmission line tower foundation is 1.0 m in salt lake area.

  15. Foundations and the Advancement of Postsecondary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Libby V.

    2017-01-01

    The author examined the websites of two large foundations, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Lumina Foundation. Each has developed projects and networks, coupled with substantive grants, to improve postsecondary education. These and other foundations have deep and ongoing commitments, not just philosophical but resource-based, to…

  16. Vertical Dynamic Stiffness of Offshore Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Latini, Chiara; Cisternino, Michele; Zania, Varvara

    2016-01-01

    Nowadays, pile and suction caisson foundations are widely used to support offshore structures which are subjected to vertical dynamic loads. The dynamic soil-structure interaction of floating foundations (foundations embedded in a soil layer whose height is greater than the foundation length...

  17. The Foundation of Nea Paphos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bekker-Nielsen, Tønnes

    2000-01-01

    Traditionally it has been assumed that Nea Paphos was founded by king Nikokles, the last of the Kinyrad dynasty, around 320 BC. A critical reexamination of the evidence reveals this foundation date to be impossible; Nea Paphos was not founded in Nikokles' lifetime and probably not before 294 BC....

  18. Behavior Modeling -- Foundations and Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book constitutes revised selected papers from the six International Workshops on Behavior Modelling - Foundations and Applications, BM-FA, which took place annually between 2009 and 2014. The 9 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 58 papers...

  19. The Governance of Industrial Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Børsting, Christa; Kuhn, Johan; Poulsen, Thomas

    We study turnover among executives and directors in companies owned by Danish industrial foundations, which are held to be long term owners. Executives are members of the management board (direktionen), whereas directors a members of the supervisiory board (bestyrelsen). As expected, we find...

  20. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providingquality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college inAndhra Pradesh State,

  1. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation(RDF),founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children.RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology.Rather than using the

  2. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation(RDF),founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children.RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology.Rather than using the con-

  3. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology. Rather than

  4. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation(RDF),founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children.RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra

  5. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation (RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providingquality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in AndhraPradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology. Rather than using the con-

  6. Cornelia de Lange Syndrome Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... org Outside Links Privacy & Terms Site Map The Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) Foundation is a family support organization that exists to ensure early and accurate diagnosis of CdLS, promote ... a diagnosis of CdLS make informed decisions throughout their lives.

  7. Principles for Foundations of Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britt, John

    The significance of the foundations of education approach to teaching is apparent in the ideas of John Henry Newman, Karl Jaspers, Jose Ortega y Gasset, and Mortimer Adler. Newman maintained that there is a circle of knowledge and once this unity is ignored the result is distortion in the learners and in the knowledge. To retain the whole, the…

  8. Team Foundation Server 2013 customization

    CERN Document Server

    Beeming, Gordon

    2014-01-01

    This book utilizes a tutorial based approach, focused on the practical customization of key features of the Team Foundation Server for collaborative enterprise software projects.This practical guide is intended for those who want to extend TFS. This book is for intermediate users who have an understanding of TFS, and basic coding skills will be required for the more complex customizations.

  9. Principles for Foundations of Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britt, John

    The significance of the foundations of education approach to teaching is apparent in the ideas of John Henry Newman, Karl Jaspers, Jose Ortega y Gasset, and Mortimer Adler. Newman maintained that there is a circle of knowledge and once this unity is ignored the result is distortion in the learners and in the knowledge. To retain the whole, the…

  10. FORD FOUNDATION PROJECTS. PROGRESS REPORT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ROBINETT, RALPH F.; ROJAS, PAULINE M.

    THE FORD FOUNDATION PROJECTS INCLUDE--THE PREPARATION OF READING MATERIALS FOR NONENGLISH SPEAKING BILINGUAL PUPILS ENTERING THE FIRST GRADE, THE REVISION OF "FRIES AMERICAN ENGLISH SERIES" FOR NONENGLISH SPEAKING BILINGUAL PUPILS WHO CAN READ AND WRITE IN THEIR OWN VERNACULAR, THE PREPARATION OF AUDIOVISUAL MATERIAL FOR BILINGUAL…

  11. Energy biotechnology at the National Science Foundation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heineken, F.G. [National Science Foundation, Washington, DC (United States)

    1993-12-31

    A number of projects supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) have possible applications in the area of Energy Biotechnology. These range from studies on the metabolic pathways for solvent and fuel production using microorganisms, both aerobic and anaerobic, to the conversion of biomass for the production of fuels and other chemicals and materials. Other projects focus in on new purification and separation technologies as well as new process monitoring techniques that could have an impact on solvent and fuel production. A brief review of these activities will be presented as well as a discussion of future needs and opportunities for research in Energy Biotechnology at NSF.

  12. Waves, Information, and Foundations of Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garola, Claudio

    1. This book arises from a Conference Proceedings series edited by the Italian Physical Society and collects most of the lectures given at the International Conference Waves, Information, and Foundations of Physics, held in Florence in September 1996 in honour of Giuliano Toraldo di Francia's 80th birthday. It begins with an Introduction (in Italian) in which some prominent colleagues of the guest of honour review his brilliant career, wise teaching, and wide interests. Then the book presents 28 papers (in English) that deal with physical, philosophical, and historical topics belonging to several fields in which Toraldo di Francia was active during his long and successful life as a scientific researcher.

  13. John S. Bell on the foundations of quantum mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Bell, John S; Gottfried, Kurt; Veltman, Martinus J G

    2001-01-01

    This book is the most complete collection of John S Bell's research papers, review articles and lecture notes on the foundations of quantum mechanics. Some of this material has hitherto been difficult to access. The book also appears in a paperback edition, aimed at students and young researchers. This volume will be very useful to researchers in the foundations and applications of quantum mechanics. Contents: (1) On the Problem of Hidden Variables in Quantum Mechanics; (2) On the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Paradox; (3) The Moral Aspect of Quantum Mechanics; (4) Introduction to the Hidden-Variabl

  14. A Summary of Research on Dynamic Risk Management of Deep Foundation Pit in Metro%地铁深基坑工程动态风险管理研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶丹

    2013-01-01

      深基坑工程是一项具有区域性、综合性、不确定性、动态性和环境效应等特点的高风险工程。建立动态风险管理体系,对深基坑的风险进行评估和控制,在深基坑工程中非常重要。本文论述了深基坑工程动态风险管理的必要性、重要性和动态风险管理的内容,通过对深基坑工程动态风险管理的国内外研究现状进行归纳和总结,提出了深基坑工程的动态风险管理中存在的一些问题,并提出了一些建议,为深基坑工程中的动态风险管理提供参考。%Deep foundation is a high-risk project, which is regional, comprehensive, uncertain, dynamic and environmental. So it is necessary to build the system of dynamic risk management to evaluate and control the risk of deep foundation pit. This paper discusses the necessity, the importance and the content of dynamic risk management. Through the generalization on the current situation of dynamic risk management in deep foundation pit at home and abroad, some problems of dynamic risk management in deep foundation pit are proposed, also, some suggestions are proposed, which provide reference to the dynamic risk management in deep foundation pit.

  15. Analysis of a Group of Basic Concepts Laying a Foundation for Research and Design of Software Architectures%解析奠定软件体系结构研究与设计基础的一组基本概念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿技; 周明天; 秦志光

    2001-01-01

    A group of basic concepts and their interrelations are analyzed in this paper. This group of basic concepts includes Software Structure, Software Structural Style, Software Structural View and Software Structural Level. They jointly lay a foundation for research and design of software architec-ture. So ,it is important for people working in software architecture field to clearly understand meanings and interrelations of these basic concepts.

  16. Research on Seismic Response of Underground Structures in Saturated Foundation%饱和地基中地下结构地震反应若干问题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鹏; 刘光磊; 宋二祥

    2014-01-01

    简要综述笔者所在课题组近十年在饱和地基中地下结构抗震研究方面的主要成果,包括:(1)饱和两相介质中波动方程及波动特性的探究;(2)动力有限元计算的传输边界研发;(3)饱和地基中地下结构地震反应离心机模型试验研究;(4)饱和地基中地下结构地震响应的有限元分析;(5)饱和砂土地基中地下结构上浮机理研究等。这些成果以较为深入地研究饱和两相介质波动理论为基础,通过模型试验、数值仿真、机理探究等方法认知饱和地基中地下结构地震反应机理,对于完善饱和地基中地下结构抗震设计方法及提高抗震安全措施等均具有参考价值。%The main achievements of 10 years of research on the seismic response of underground structures in a saturated foundation are presented in this paper.Systematic clarification and inves-tigation are conducted on the dynamic basic formulations and wave propagation characteristics of saturated soils.In the dynamic analysis of saturated soils,the interaction between the soil skeleton and pore water consists of two parts:seepage force and inertial coupling force.It is also revealed that due to the existence of the inertial coupling force,the speeds of two dilatational waves are not equal to those in single-phased solid skeleton and pore water even if the permeability approaches infinity.Moreover,several transmitting boundaries for dynamic analysis of saturated porous media are developed,including the viscous-spring transmitting boundaries derived from both the u-p formulation and u-U formulation in addition to the high-order time-domain transmitting boundary derived from the cylindrical elastic wave radiation problem based on the u-p formulation.Despite the zero permeability assumption made in the derivation of the undrained boundary,results show that it can provide sufficiently accurate results for earthquake engineering problems.The drained boundary performs

  17. Linear programming foundations and extensions

    CERN Document Server

    Vanderbei, Robert J

    2001-01-01

    Linear Programming: Foundations and Extensions is an introduction to the field of optimization. The book emphasizes constrained optimization, beginning with a substantial treatment of linear programming, and proceeding to convex analysis, network flows, integer programming, quadratic programming, and convex optimization. The book is carefully written. Specific examples and concrete algorithms precede more abstract topics. Topics are clearly developed with a large number of numerical examples worked out in detail. Moreover, Linear Programming: Foundations and Extensions underscores the purpose of optimization: to solve practical problems on a computer. Accordingly, the book is coordinated with free efficient C programs that implement the major algorithms studied: -The two-phase simplex method; -The primal-dual simplex method; -The path-following interior-point method; -The homogeneous self-dual methods. In addition, there are online JAVA applets that illustrate various pivot rules and variants of the simplex m...

  18. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology. Rather than using the conventional method of rote memorization,RDF focuses on cultivating critical thinking skills and encouraging students to

  19. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation(RDF),founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children.RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology.Rather than using the conventional method of rote memorization,RDF focuses on cultivating critical thinking skills and encouraging students to understand and

  20. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation(RDF),founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children.RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology.Rather than using the conventional method of rote memorization,RDF focuses on cultivating critical thinking skills and encouraging students to understand and

  1. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation ( RDF) ,founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology. Rather than using the conventional method of rote memorization,RDF focuses on cultivating critical thinking skills and

  2. Mono pile foundation. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lyngesen, S.; Brendstrup, C.

    1997-02-01

    The use of mono piles as foundations for maritime structures has been developed during the last decades. The installation requirements within the offshore sector have resulted in equipment enabling driving of piles up to 3-4 m to large penetration depths. The availability of this equipment has made the use of large mono piles feasible as foundations for structures like wind turbines. The mono pile foundations consists of three parts; the bare pile, a conical transition and a boat landing. All parts are prefitted at the yard in order to minimise the installation work that has to be carried out offshore. The study of a mono pile foundations for a 1.5 MW wind turbine has been conducted for two locations, Horns Rev and Roedsand. Three different water depths: 5, 8 and 11 m have been investigated in the study. The on-site welding between pile and conical transition is performed by an automatic welding machine. Final testing and eventually repair of the weld are conducted at least 16 hours after welding. This is followed by final installation of J-tube, tie-in to subsea cables and installation of the impressed current system for corrosive protection of the mono pile. The total cost for procurement and installation of the mono pile using the welded connection is estimated. The price does not include procurement and installation of access platform and boat landing. These costs are estimated to 250.000 DKK. Depending on water depth the cost of the pile ranges from 2,2 to 2,7 million DKK. Procurement and fabrication of the pile are approx. 75% of the total costs. The remaining 25% are due to installation. The total costs are very sensitive to the unit price of pile steel. During the project it became obvious that ice load has a very large influence on the dimensions of the mono pile. (EG)

  3. The method research using Excel spreadsheet edit formula to calculate the foundation settlement%利用 Excel 表格编辑公式计算地基沉降量的方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆进保; 康媛媛

    2016-01-01

    This paper introduced the concept of foundation settlement,elaborated the method through the Excel spreadsheet edit formula to calcu-late the foundation settlement,pointed out that the calculation process and result straightforward,easy to master,embodied the convenience of Excel spreadsheet in engineering application.%介绍了地基沉降量的概念,阐述了通过 Excel 表格编辑公式计算地基沉降量的方法,指出计算过程和结果浅显易懂,易于掌握,体现了 Excel 表格在实际工程应用中的便利性。

  4. 天津软土地区宽大基坑围护结构型式选择研究%Research on Choosing Structure Pattern of Wide Foundation Ditch Containment in Soft Soil Area of Tianjin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董伟成

    2012-01-01

    Combining features of foundation ditch project of Tianjin Railway Construction Building, the author introduced structure patterns of wide foundation ditch containment which were suitable for Tianjin soft soil area, and compared features of containment methods of interlocking bored concrete pile and common bored concrete pile with water proof curtain containment.%结合天津铁建大厦基坑工程的特点,介绍了适用于天津软土地区的几种基坑围护结构型式,并对钻孔咬合灌注桩与普通钻孔灌注桩+止水帷幕两种围护型式各自特点进行了详细的对比分析。

  5. Research on Treating Technology for Salinized Soft Foundation in Salt Lake Area in Qarhan%察尔汗盐湖地区盐渍化软土地基处理技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘军勇; 张留俊; 张发如

    2012-01-01

    Depending on Qarhan-Gomud Highway Project in Qinghai Province and combining with the hydrological geological conditions of the salinized soft foundation section along the Highway,different treatment schemes for such foundation are proposed and compared,and then gravel pile is finally decided to be used.The process of gravel pile for salinized soft foundation treatment in severely-excessively salinized soil area is proposed depending on the pilot section project so as to solve the difficulties during construction.%以青海省察尔汗—格尔木高速公路为依托工程,结合沿线盐渍化软土地基段工程水文地质情况,提出不同的地基处理方案并进行方案比选,最终确定采用砾石桩对盐渍化软土地基进行处理,通过试验段工程提出了适用于强-过盐渍土地区砾石桩处理盐渍化软土地基的施工工艺,解决了施工过程中遇到的难题。

  6. Foundation on Economic Trends v. Bowen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-10-04

    The National Enviromental Policy Act requires that government agencies make a detailed enviromental impact statement (EIS) for all research significantly affecting the environment. These statements must be supplemented if the project substantially changes or if new information is obtained. The Foundation on Economic Trends argued that three developments in recombinant DNA research will significantly alter the enviromental impact, thereby mandating a new EIS by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). These developments are cloning oncogenic viruses, engineering the human immunodeficiency virus into cells not normally susceptible to it, and introducing AIDS genetic codes into mice. The U.S. District Court, District of Columbia, held that the first two projects do not pose a greater risk and that the enviromental assessment being prepared by NIH on the third satisfies the requirements of the National Enviromental Policy Act.

  7. Cost-Effective Mass Production of Mono Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gres, Szymon; Nielsen, Søren Andreas; Fejerskov, Morten

    2015-01-01

    No recognized procedures exist for the Mono Bucket Foundation design, which is an obstruction for mass customization/production and industrialization in relation to certifying authorities. This paper presents the outcome of on-going research and development program that provides solution for inno......No recognized procedures exist for the Mono Bucket Foundation design, which is an obstruction for mass customization/production and industrialization in relation to certifying authorities. This paper presents the outcome of on-going research and development program that provides solution...

  8. 坝基软弱夹层剪切蠕变及其长期强度试验研究%EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH ON SHEAR CREEP AND ITS LONG-TERM STRENGTH OF WEAK INTERCALATION IN DAM FOUNDATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宇; 李建林; 刘锋

    2013-01-01

    为了更准确认识坝基岩体中的软弱夹层剪切蠕变特性,进行不同正应力水平下的剪切蠕变试验,采用不同正应力水平下分级加载剪应力的方式,重点研究软弱夹层的剪切蠕变变形规律、破裂机制及其长期抗剪强度。研究结果表明,经验公式u=u0+A[1-exp(-Bt)]+Ctn能较好反映软弱夹层的剪切蠕变变形规律,不同正应力水平下的平均及稳态剪切蠕变速率随剪应力增加呈指数函数增大,且软弱夹层剪切蠕变破坏呈现典型的延性破坏特征。通过新提出的拐点法确定不同正应力水平下的长期抗剪强度,并与稳态速率法的计算结果进行对比,验证了拐点法的合理性和适用性,该方法大大提高了确定岩体长期抗剪强度的准确性,对工程实际具有重要的参考价值。%In order to understand exactly the creep property of weak intercalation in dam foundation rock,the shear creep test is carried out under different normal stresses by using step loading shear stress. The shear creep deformation law,failure mechanism and long-term shear strength of weak intercalation are concerned in this study. The results indicate that the empirical formulation u=u0+A[1-exp(-Bt)]+Ctn can reflect the shear creep deformation law of weak intercalation properly,the average and steady-state shear creep rates increase at a exponential function with the shear stress increasing,and the shear creep failure of weak intercalation shows typical ductility failure characteristics. Based on a new method,called inflection-point method,the long-term shear strength of weak intercalation under different normal stresses is determined. The calculation results of inflection-point method are compared with that of steady-state rate method,and the rationality and validity of inflection-point method are test. The research results show that this method greatly improves the accuracy of determining the rock mass long-term shear strength

  9. Run-up on Offshore Windturbine Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De Vos, Leen; Larsen, Brian Juul; Frigaard, Peter

    For the present report a testprogramme has been performed to determine the run-up on offshore windturbine foundations.......For the present report a testprogramme has been performed to determine the run-up on offshore windturbine foundations....

  10. Founding a Foundation: A Mini Case Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lake, Dale B.

    1981-01-01

    Lists factors contributing to the need for increased fund raising in community colleges. Discusses advantages of a foundation as a means of obtaining private funds. Delineates specifics of establishing, organizing, and implementing the Kalamazoo Valley Community College Foundation. (DMM)

  11. Addressing issues in foundational ontology mediation

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Khan, ZC

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available An approach in achieving semantic interoperability among heterogeneous systems is to offer infrastructure to assist with linking and integration using a foundational ontology. Due to the creation of multiple foundational ontologies, this also means...

  12. Birth of the Canadian Digestive Health Foundation

    OpenAIRE

    Beck, Ivan T.

    2004-01-01

    The Canadian Digestive Disease Foundation, renamed the Canadian Digestive Health Foundation -- Fondation canadienne pour la promotion de la santé digestive -- in December 2001, is the culmination of ongoing efforts by the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology to establish an independent charitable organization. In February 2001, it was officially endorsed as the Foundation for the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology. The initial efforts to establish this Foundation, led by Dr Richa...

  13. Cold war, quantum foundations, and East-West collaboration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skaar-Jacobsen, Anja [Niels Bohr Archive, Copenhagen (Germany)

    2011-07-01

    It is well-known that the cultural cold war changed the ideological line in the Soviet Union from the late 1940s and that this had serious implications for the autonomy of research in genetics and quantum foundations in the East bloc. However, besides the more narrow concern from the point of view of research in quantum foundations, I suggest that the ideological impact on quantum foundations also constituted an obstacle for attempts by Western physicists to bring about a rapprochement between physics in the east and west in general. In connection with re-establishing East-West co-operation between physicists after Stalin's death in 1953 this obstacle needed to be cleared away. In my talk I discuss these issues and how the Institute for Theoretical Physics in Copenhagen came to be an important meeting place for physicists from the East and West from the mid-1950s.

  14. Electromagnetic foundations of electrical engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Faria, J A Brandao

    2008-01-01

    The applications of electromagnetic phenomena within electrical engineering have been evolving and progressing at a fast pace. In contrast, the underlying principles have been stable for a long time and are not expected to undergo any changes. It is these electromagnetic field fundamentals that are the subject of discussion in this book with an emphasis on basic principles, concepts and governing laws that apply across the electrical engineering discipline. Electromagnetic Foundations of Electrical Engineering begins with an explanation of Maxwell's equations, from which the fundament

  15. Foundations of wireless and electronics

    CERN Document Server

    Scroggie, M G

    1984-01-01

    Foundations of Wireless and Electronics, 10th Edition covers the cathode-ray and microwave tubes; modern pulse methods; f.m. detectors; basic processes of transmission; and reception, computers, and non-sinusoidal signal amplification. The book starts by giving a general overview of a complete electronic system, electricity and circuits, capacitance, and inductance. The text also discusses alternating currents (a.c.), including the frequency and phase of a.c.; the capacitance and inductance in a.c. circuits; and the capacitance and inductance in a series. Diodes, triode, transistor equivalent

  16. Letter to European Science Foundation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Département de Linguistique AppliquéeEt de Didactique des languesDirecteur : Claude Springerhttp://dladl.u-strasbg.fr Dr. Rüdiger KleinEUROCORES Programme CoordinatorEuropean Science Foundation1, quai Lezay MarnésiaBP 90015F-67080 Strasbourg Cedex Strasbourg, le 22 mai 2006 Dear colleague, The Editorial Board of the journal ALSIC (Apprentissage des langues et système d’information et de communication which comprises 45 people from universities in 9 different countries was astonished to note...

  17. Microsoft Windows Identity Foundation Cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Chanda, Sandeep

    2012-01-01

    This book is written in a simple, easy to understand format, with lots of screenshots and step-by-step explanations.If you are a .NET developer looking forward to building access control in your applications using claims-based identity, then this is the best guide for you. This book is also an excellent choice for professionals and IT administrators trying to enable Single Sign-On across applications within the enterprise, and in the cloud spanning interoperable platforms. No previous knowledge on the subject is necessary, however a strong foundation in the C# programming language and .NET Fra

  18. Foundations of combinatorics with applications

    CERN Document Server

    Bender, Edward A

    2006-01-01

    This introduction to combinatorics, the foundation of the interaction between computer science and mathematics, is suitable for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students in engineering, science, and mathematics.The four-part treatment begins with a section on counting and listing that covers basic counting, functions, decision trees, and sieving methods. The following section addresses fundamental concepts in graph theory and a sampler of graph topics. The third part examines a variety of applications relevant to computer science and mathematics, including induction and recursion, sorti

  19. Quantum mechanics foundations and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Swanson, Donald Gary

    2006-01-01

    Progressing from the fundamentals of quantum mechanics (QM) to more complicated topics, Quantum Mechanics: Foundations and Applications provides advanced undergraduate and graduate students with a comprehensive examination of many applications that pertain to modern physics and engineering.Based on courses taught by the author, this textbook begins with an introductory chapter that reviews historical landmarks, discusses classical theory, and establishes a set of postulates. The next chapter demonstrates how to find the appropriate wave functions for a variety of physical systems in one dimens

  20. About The Rural Development Foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>The Rural Development Foundation (RDF),founded in 1996,is an Indian nonprofit organization with the mission of providing quality education for underprivileged rural children. RDF founded and continues to operate five schools and one junior college in Andhra Pradesh State,taking a unique holistic approach to education through innovative programs and methodology. Rather than using the conventional method of rote memorization,RDF focuses on cultivating critical thinking skills and encouraging students to understand and apply concepts. RDF does this through special programs such as Social Awareness,Youth Empowerment,

  1. HTML5 rich media foundation

    CERN Document Server

    David, Matthew

    2010-01-01

    Learn about the new ways in which video and audio can be easily embedded into your HTML5 Web pages. Discover how you can create new Web media content and how JavaScript, CSS, and SVG can be integrated to create a compelling, rich media foundation for your work. HTML 5, is the first major update to the core language of the Web in over a decade The focus of this book is on innovations that most directly effect Web site design and multimedia integration The companion Web site features working demonstrations and tutorial media for hands-on pract

  2. Foundational issues in evolution education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Mike U.; Siegel, Harvey; McInerney, Joseph D.

    1995-01-01

    There is a great need for effective evolution education. This paper reviews some of the evidence that demonstrates that need and analyzes some of the foundational semantic, epistemological, and philosophical issues involved. This analysis is used to provide a functional understanding of the distinction between science and non-science. Special emphasis is placed the scientific meaning of the terms theory, hypothesis, fact, proof, evidence, and truth, focusing on the difference between religious belief and acceptance of a scientific theory. Science is viewed as theologically neutral and as not mutually exclusive from religion. Finally, a number of practical recommendations to the classroom biology teacher are presented.

  3. Compressor Foundation Analysis Tool(COFANTO)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijk, A.; Lentzen, S.S.K; Zuada Coelho, B.E.; Galanti, F.M.B.

    2012-01-01

    Reciprocating compressors are generally supported on a heavy concrete foundation. In spite of the large inertia and stiffness of the foundation, problems can occur due to interaction between the mechanical installation and the foundation. Two types of problems may occur. In the first type, the inter

  4. Compressor Foundation Analysis Tool(COFANTO)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijk, A.; Lentzen, S.S.K; Zuada Coelho, B.E.; Galanti, F.M.B.

    2012-01-01

    Reciprocating compressors are generally supported on a heavy concrete foundation. In spite of the large inertia and stiffness of the foundation, problems can occur due to interaction between the mechanical installation and the foundation. Two types of problems may occur. In the first type, the inter

  5. Bernard van Leer Foundation Annual Report 1996.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard Van Leer Foundation, The Hague (Netherlands).

    This document provides an annual report and financial review for 1996 of the Bernard van Leer Foundation, a private institution created in 1949 for broad humanitarian purposes. Following a summary by the executive director of the Foundation, the report includes a description of the foundation and its grants. It then lists, by country, the major…

  6. Bernard van Leer Foundation. Annual Report 1997.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard Van Leer Foundation, The Hague (Netherlands).

    This document provides an annual report and financial review of the Bernard van Leer Foundation, a private institution created in 1949 for broad humanitarian purposes. Following an introduction by the chairman of the Foundation's board of trustees, a report of the executive director details the first full-year of implementation of the Foundation's…

  7. Bernard van Leer Foundation Annual Report, 1999.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard Van Leer Foundation, The Hague (Netherlands).

    This annual report details the activities and financial status for 1999 of the Bernard van Leer Foundation, a private institution created in 1949 for broad humanitarian purposes. Following the introduction by the chairman of the Foundation's board of trustees, the report of the executive director details activities during the Foundation's fiftieth…

  8. Seven Foundational Principles of Population Health Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharya, Dru; Bhatt, Jay

    2017-02-13

    In 2016, Keyes and Galea issued 9 foundational principles of population health science and invited further deliberations by specialists to advance the field. This article presents 7 foundational principles of population health policy whose intersection with health care, public health, preventive medicine, and now population health, presents unique challenges. These principles are in response to a number of overarching questions that have arisen in over a decade of the authors' collective practice in the public and private sectors, and having taught policy within programs of medicine, law, nursing, and public health at the graduate and executive levels. The principles address an audience of practitioners and policy makers, mindful of the pressing health care challenges of our time, including: rising health-related expenditures, an aging population, workforce shortages, health disparities, and a backdrop of inequities rooted in social determinants that have not been adequately translated into formal policies or practices among the key stakeholders in population health. These principles are meant to empower stakeholders-whether it is the planner or the practitioner, the decision maker or the dedicated caregiver-and inform the development of practical tools, research, and education.

  9. 水中桩基础压注混凝土加大截面施工技术研究%Pile foundation in water pouring concrete to increase the construction technology research section

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐会超

    2014-01-01

    桩基加大截面是一种较为理想的桩基础加固措施,水深较浅(5m以内)的可采用双层钢护筒的方法施工,但水深较深的桩基加固需要采用其他方法保证施工的安全同时减少工程成本。本文以江门市白藤大桥维修加固工程桩基加固(该桥位水深在8m到17.5m之间)为依托对水下桩基础加大截面的施工工艺进行分析研究,以期取得良好的效果,为类似工程的加固提供技术支持和工艺方面的参考。%increasing section reinforcement pile foundation is an ideal pile foundation, shallow water depth (within 5m) can the construction method ofthe protective tube of double steel pile, but deeper reinforcement requiredby other methods to ensure construction safety and reduce the cost of the project. This paper takes Jiangmen City rattan bridge repair reinforcementreinforcement (bit depth of the bridge in the 8m to 17.5m) for the analysis of underwater pile foundation construction technology section of relying on the increase, and achieved good results in order, to provide technical support and technical aspects of the reference for reinforcement of similar engineering.

  10. Research on the Construction Scheme of the Bridge Foundation in Deep Water in the Three Gorges Reservoir%三峡库区某大桥深水基础施工方案研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦清波; 王哲; 刘合耀

    2014-01-01

    某大桥位于三峡库区,桥址所在河谷呈“U”形。桥型设计为预应力混凝土连续刚构,主墩基础采用高桩承台基础。由于三峡水库从2009年开始正式蓄水,水库常年蓄水位在145~175 m之间变化,变幅达30 m,在水库里进行大型桥梁的基础施工存在水深大、施工期水位变幅大等困难。大桥在水库高水位时(长江枯水期)采用固定式施工平台施工桩基础,在低水位时(长江汛期)下放钢吊箱围堰施工承台及桥墩。该方案安全性高,经济性好,工期短且易于保证。%A bridge is located in the Three Gorges Reservoir,where the valley showsUType.The bridge is designed as prestressed concrete continuous rigid frame.The main pier foundation is high pile foundation.Because the Three Gorges Reservoir started water storage in 2009,and the perennial water level varies from 145 to 175m with a variation of 30m,there are difficulties in foundation con-struction of large bridges in the reservoir with great water depth and large variation range of water level in construction period.The pile foundation is constructed in the high water level of reservoirs (the Yangtze River during dry season)using a fixed type construction platform,and the cap and pier is constructed in the low water level (the Yangtze River flood)using steel suspension box cofferdam.The scheme has high security,good economy,and short construction period and is easy to be guaranteed.

  11. 浮箱平台抢修水中钢桩基础技术研究%Technical Research on Using the Floating Platform for Repairing Steel-Pile Foundation in Water

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢爱华

    2012-01-01

    水中基础受水深、地质的影响,会增加抢修的难度和时间,是桥梁抢修的关键。现有的水中基础抢修技术和器材,难以满足快速抢修、保障交通畅通的要求。提出了一种水中桥梁基础抢修的新技术和新器材,即采用浮箱平台抢修水中钢桩基础,并着重介绍了浮箱平台的结构组成、施工方法及结构计算。该浮箱平台结构简单、施工速度快,是一种新式平台结构和新的平台施工方法。%Owing to the fact that the foundation in water is usually affected by the depth of water and its geological conditions,which increases the difficulty of rush-repair and the time for rush-repair,and thus,is the key factor of rush-repairing bridges.Since the existing rush-repairing techniques and equipments for rush-repairing the foundation in water are hard to meet the requirements of quickly rush-repairing and ensuring the smooth traffic,a new kind of technology and equipment for rush-repairing the bridge foundation in water,namely,using the floating platform for rush-repairing the steel pile foundation in water,is put forward in the paper,with greater stress placed on the introduction to the structural composition of the floating box platform,the construction methods of it and its structure calculations.Being simple in structure and quick in construction,the floating platform is a new structure of platform and a new construction method for the construction of platforms.

  12. Instability of Bucket Foundations during Installation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Søren; Andersen, Lars Vabbersgaard; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    The bucket foundation is an upcoming technology for offshore wind turbines. The bucket foundation is a large cylindrical monopod foundation constructed as a thin steel shell structure. A bucket foundation does not require heavy installation equipment since it is installed by suction forces....... The combination of a thin shell structure and suction forces leads to the fact that instability, in form of buckling, becomes a crucial issue during installation. The hydrostatic buckling pressure of the bucket foundation is addressed using three-dimensional, non-linear finite element analysis. The results...

  13. 增湿高能级强夯法处理湿陷性黄土地基的研究%Research on humidification high energy dynamic compaction method dealing with collapsible loess foundation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙文怀; 杨志刚; 杜小川

    2012-01-01

    湿陷性黄土在浸水过程中结构弱化,湿陷变形发展很快,量也很大,强度大幅度降低,在湿陷性黄土地区进行工程建设时,必须进行地基处理.通过分析黄土湿陷性机理及其影响因素,提出了将增湿高能级强夯法应用于湿陷性黄土地基处理的方法,经试验检测,其加固效果较好,消除了黄土湿陷性的同时,还提高了黄土的强度.%The structure of collapsible loess weakens in the process of soaking, thus the collapse deformation develops rapidly, the collapsibility deformation is also large and the strength significantly decreases. When the construction is in the collapsible loess areas, the foundation must be processed. By analyzing the collapsible mechanism and influencing factors of the loess, the humidification dynamic compaction method in processing collapsible loess foundation is suggested. By the test for detection, the reinforcement effect is found to be better. The loess collapsibility is eliminated and the strength of loess is improved.

  14. 计算思维在《大学计算机基础》教学中的应用%Applied Research on Computational Thinking in University Computer Foundation Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    费茵

    2015-01-01

    计算思维的提出引发了新一轮的计算机基础教学改革,如何将计算思维能力的培养落实到课程教学中是目前计算机基础教学面临的严峻挑战。针对当前《大学计算机基础》教学中的问题,结合计算思维的内涵,提出将计算思维融入大学计算机基础教学中,并在教学理念、教学内容和教学方法等方面进行了应用研究。%The proposal of computational thinking has brought about a new round of teaching reform in basic computer courses. At present, basic computer teaching is faced with severe challenges as how to apply the ability cultivation of computational thinking into the teaching process. This article aims at the current problems that occur in university computer foundation curriculum, taken into account the connota—tion of computational thinking, and put forward the idea of applying the ability cultivation of computation—al thinking into university computer foundation curriculum. It also studies on factors such as teaching idea, content and method, etc.

  15. Research on Material Foundation of “Kindey Stores Essence”Theory Based on Klotho Gene%从 Klotho 基因探讨肾藏精理论的物质基础

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王岚; 王小琴

    2015-01-01

    目的:肾藏精是中医藏象理论的重要组成部分之一。通过将 Klotho 基因的特性与中医肾藏精理论进行关联性分析,探讨肾藏精新的物质基础。 Klotho 作为抗衰老基因,携带有遗传信息,在肾脏表达丰富,参与调节钙磷和骨代谢,且其多个单核苷酸多态性(SNP)位点具有功能意义。因此 Klotho 基因具备了成为肾中所藏之精物质基础的潜能。%s:“Kindey stores essence” is one of the vital part of visceral manifestation in TCM .In this paper, the characteristics of the Klotho gene and the “kidney stores essence” of TCM are compared and analyzed, and the new material foundation of “kidney stores essence”is discussed.As anti -aging gene, Klotho gene carries genetic information , expresses richly in the kidney, participates in calcium phosphate adjustment and bone metabolism , and its multiple single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) locuses have the functional significance .So Klotho gene can be regarded as the material foundation of the “kidney stores essence”.

  16. Extended equal areas criterion: foundations and applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yusheng, Xue [Nanjim Automation Research Institute, Nanjim (China)

    1994-12-31

    The extended equal area criterion (EEAC) provides analytical expressions for ultra fast transient stability assessment, flexible sensitivity analysis, and means to preventive and emergency controls. Its outstanding performances have been demonstrated by thousands upon thousands simulations on more than 50 real power systems and by on-line operation records in an EMS environment of Northeast China Power System since September 1992. However, the researchers have mainly based on heuristics and simulations. This paper lays a theoretical foundation of EEAC and brings to light the mechanism of transient stability. It proves true that the dynamic EEAC furnishes a necessary and sufficient condition for stability of multi machine systems with any detailed models, in the sense of the integration accuracy. This establishes a new platform for further advancing EEAC and better understanding of problems. An overview of EEAC applications in China is also given in this paper. (author) 30 refs.

  17. Interactive data visualization foundations, techniques, and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Ward, Matthew; Keim, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    Visualization is the process of representing data, information, and knowledge in a visual form to support the tasks of exploration, confirmation, presentation, and understanding. This book is designed as a textbook for students, researchers, analysts, professionals, and designers of visualization techniques, tools, and systems. It covers the full spectrum of the field, including mathematical and analytical aspects, ranging from its foundations to human visual perception; from coded algorithms for different types of data, information and tasks to the design and evaluation of new visualization techniques. Sample programs are provided as starting points for building one's own visualization tools. Numerous data sets have been made available that highlight different application areas and allow readers to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of different visualization methods. Exercises, programming projects, and related readings are given for each chapter. The book concludes with an examination of several existin...

  18. Towards a paradigmatic foundation of accounting practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørreklit, Hanne; Nørreklit, Lennart; Mitchell, Falconer

    2010-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework (pragmatic constructivism) for a new paradigm for accounting practice. The paradigmatic base of practice is an important element in explaining, understanding, justifying and defending practice. Design/methodology/approach - The paper...... is designed to argue the case for the use of pragmatic constructivism as a basis for the development of a paradigmatic foundation of accounting practice. To achieve this, pragmatic constructivism is explained and its application to accounting is illustrated and contrasted with the traditional paradigm...... of realism. Findings - The analysis shows how the use of a less reductionist paradigm than realism can assist accountants both in the creation of a rationale and a defence for practice. Research limitations/implications - The analysis is exploratory in the sense that a new paradigmatic framework is outlined...

  19. Visualization research on failure mechanism of shallow foundation based on image analysis%基于图像分析的浅基础破坏机理可视化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亚东; 王旭东; 宰金珉

    2012-01-01

    In order to study the displacement field and failure pattern of soil beneath laboratory shallow foundation subjected to vertical loading,based on the digital image correlation technique,an analysis procedure was worked out.Reliability and precision of the procedure were validated by an example,and the results show that it is feasible to analyze the displacement field of soil beneath shallow foundation.There are two slide surfaces existing in the soil during the loading process.The first continuous slide surface likes the slip-surface deduced by limit balance theory.The second slide surface is generated beneath the shallow foundation at the ultimate load phase,and the shallow foundation presents the general shear failure.The soil just beneath shallow foundation does not fail and keeps elastic equilibrium state.The two slide surfaces have the trend of convergence near the earth's surface.As the increasing of horizontal distance from footing centerline,the maximum horizontal displacement first increases,then reduces.The maximum horizontal displacement approaches the footing edge.The depth of influence zone is approximate 1.5B to 2.0B at the final failure stage.%为了研究垂直荷载下浅基础模型试验变形场及破坏模式,以数字图像相关技术(DIC)为基础,编制相应的位移场分析程序,并通过实例对该程序的可靠性和精度进行验证。浅基础模型试验结果表明:利用编制的DIC程序获得了浅基础下土体的全场位移;浅基础在加载过程中先后出现两道滑动面,第一道滑动面与按极限平衡理论所推得的滑移面相似,在极限荷载条件下,最终出现第二道滑动面,滑动面在地表处趋于收敛;基底下的土在整个加载过程中不发生破坏,处于弹性平衡状态。随着离开基础中心线距离的增加,最大水平位移先增加后减小,在基础边缘处,最大水平位移达到最大值;在极限荷载下,基础沉降影响深度约为(1.5~2.0)B。

  20. A comparative theoretical-experimental analysis of settlements of shallow foundations on granular soil

    OpenAIRE

    Davidović Nebojša; Bonić Zoran; Prolović Verka; Mladenović Biljana; Stojić Dragoslav

    2010-01-01

    The paper presents a brief description of experiment within the research project 'Theoretical and experimental analysis of interaction of shallow reinforced concrete foundations and soil for the purpose of improvement of national regulations and implementaation of Eurocode system' where in situ tests of a series of reinforced concrete foundation footing were performed, by loading until failure. As a rule, methods for calculation of shallow foundations settlement on granular soils overestimate...

  1. Communicative Language Teaching: Exploring Theoretical Foundations and Practical Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kustiwan Syarief

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The genesis of Communicative Language Teaching (CLT can be traced back to the 1970s when researchers and language practitioners began reflecting and discussing the notion of communicative competence. In practical terms, however, there has been such a gap between theoretical foundations of CLT on the one hand and its implementation in classroom environments on the other hand. This article explores and discusses the theoretical foundations of CLT based on the existing models of communicative competence and continues with identifying CLT's practical challenges commonly persisting in second/foreign language teaching and learning contexts.

  2. Cost-Effective Mass Production of Mono Bucket Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Søren A.; Ibsen, Lars Bo; Gres, Szymon

    foundations where mass production is needed. The project is planed for a duration of 3 years and is supported by Innovation Fund Denmark and has the following partners: DTU Wind Energy, FORCE Technology, LIC Engineering, AAU Civil and M-tech. The € 4 mill. project involves more than 25 researchers, Ph......Today, the basis for design and manufacturing of offshore foundations is inherited from oil and gas industry where the small repeatability in manufacturing is the case and the cost implications are different. The total opposite is the case when considering offshore Wind Turbine Generator...

  3. Proceedings Foundations for Interface Technologies

    CERN Document Server

    Legay, Axel; 10.4204/EPTCS.46

    2011-01-01

    FIT stands for Foundations of Interface Technologies. Component-based design is widely considered as a major approach to developing systems in a time and cost effective way. Central in this approach is the notion of an interface. Interfaces summarize the externally visible properties of a component and are seen as a key to achieving component interoperability and to predict global system behavior based on the component behavior. To capture the intricacy of complex software products, rich interfaces have been proposed. These interfaces do not only specify syntactic properties, such as the signatures of methods and operations, but also take into account behavioral and extra-functional properties, such as quality of service, security and dependability. Rich interfaces have been proposed for describing, e.g., the legal sequences of messages or method calls accepted by components, or the resource and timing constraints in embedded software. The development of a rigorous framework for the specification and analysis...

  4. The Astrometric Foundation of Astrophysics

    CERN Document Server

    Høg, Erik

    2014-01-01

    Astrophysical studies require a knowledge of very accurate positions, motions and distances of stars. A brief overview is given of the significance and development of astrometry by ESA's two astrometric satellites, Hipparcos and Gaia, launched in respectively 1989 and 2013. The astrometric foundation of all branches of astronomy from the solar system and stellar systems to compact galaxies, quasars and dark matter is being revolutionized by the observations from these satellites. The future of fundamental astrometry must be considered in a time frame of 50 years, therefore science issues for a Gaia successor mission in twenty years are discussed in an extensive report: "Absolute Astrometry in the Next 50 Years" available at https://dl.dropbox.com/u/49240691/GaiaRef.pdf.

  5. 激发极化微分测深法在探测水库坝基中的研究及应用%Research on Application of Exciting Polarization Differential Sounding Method to Exploration of Reservoirs′ Dam Foundations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许文增; 张延龙; 王治民; 耿传宇; 李文忠

    2001-01-01

    在水库坝基勘探中,取得渗透系数K值的常规方法是通过钻孔进行抽水或压水试验,这种方法需要布置大量钻孔,除受地形条件限制外,还存在速度慢、用工多、投资大等缺点。为此,利用激发极化微分测深法对水库坝基进行详细探测,依据探测成果只需通过少量钻探进行抽水(或者压水)试验,求得K值,然后对探测成果和钻探试验成果进行综合分析,得到计算视渗透系数Ks公式,以此式计算水库坝基区域视渗透系数Ks值,确定是否需要进行防渗处理。该方法具有投资省、进度快、易操作等特点,是水库坝基勘探中的一条有效途径。%By using the exciting polarization differential sounding method to explore reservoirs′ dam foundations in detail, and according to the exploration results to guide carrying out pumping test (or water pressure test) for a few boreholes, then the coefficient of permeability K can be obtained. After that, the comprehensive analysis of exploration results and the test results of boreholes is carried out so as to obtain a formula for calculating apparent coefficient of permeability K. And using this formula to calculate the apparent coefficient of permeability Ks of the reservoir′s dam foundation area, then according to the Ks value that the anti-seepage treatment is needed or not, can be determined. This method has following advantages: saving investment, speeding construction progress, and easier in operation, etc. It is an effective way for exploring reservoirs′ dam foundations.

  6. 输电线路沙漠地区偏心装配式基础的承载性能研究%RESEARCH ON BEARING CAPACITY OF ECCENTRIC ASSEMBLY FOUNDATION OF TRANSMISSION LINE IN DESERT AREA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯鹏翔; 郑卫锋; 李维

    2016-01-01

    On geogrid reinforced aeolian sand ground in Ningxia, a full-scale in-site comparison experiments of the uplift bearing capacity for eccentric assembly foundation were tested under uplift loading and uplift combined with horizontal loadings.Both the site conditions and the load tests were recorded comprehensively, allowing for a thorough evaluation of the loading-displacement behavior.Based on the displacement of top plane of foundaiton and the soil reaction forces, the mechanism of the the eccentric assembly foundation on reinforced aeolian sand ground was obtained.Through taking geogrid reinforcement and eccentric structure measures, the bearing performance of assembly foundation was significantly improved, which could improve its anti-horizontal bearing capacity and did not reduce the uplift performance.The test result provided useful evidence for its practice in transmission line projects in aeolian sand.%在宁夏毛乌素加筋风积沙地基中开展偏心装配式基础在单上拔、上拔与水平力组合工况下的现场对比试验,通过监测其顶部荷载位移曲线、地表竖向位移及基础底板土压力数据,分析偏心装配式基础的抗拔承载机理。试验表明:采用增强地基稳定的加筋和设置基础偏心的结构措施,可显著改善装配式基础的受力性能,在提高其抗水平承载性能的同时不降低其抗拔性能,为沙漠地区输电线路工程中应用装配式基础提供了试验数据。

  7. Project Probes Digital Media's Effect on Ethics: Howard Gardner Leads Team Studying Youths' Web Norms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viadero, Debra

    2008-01-01

    Noted Harvard psychologist Howard Gardner is leading a team studying the social and ethical norms of young people on the Web. Known as the "GoodPlay Project," the study is being financed with a grant from the Chicago-based Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. What researchers hope to do through the project is fill a gap in the burgeoning research…

  8. The Kids Are All Right

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waters, John K.

    2009-01-01

    When the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation launched its $50 million digital media and learning initiative three years ago, the expectation was that research in this area would expand people's understanding of the impact of digital media and communications technologies on how young people will learn in the future. By the time the first…

  9. Reading in a Participatory Culture: Remixing "Moby-Dick" in the English Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenkins, Henry, Ed.; Kelley, Wyn, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    Building on the groundbreaking research of the MacArthur Foundation's Digital Media & Learning initiative, this book crosses the divide between digital literacies and traditional print culture to engage a generation of students who can read with a book in one hand and a mouse in the other. "Reading in a Participatory Culture" tells the story of an…

  10. Digital Media and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, 2012

    2012-01-01

    MacArthur launched the digital media and learning initiative in 2006 to explore how digital media are changing the way young people learn, socialize, communicate, and play. Since 2006, the Foundation has awarded grants totaling more than $100 million for research, development of innovative new technologies, new learning environments for youth,…

  11. The National Pancreas Foundation fellows symposium program 2006 to 2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelrud, Andres; Whitcomb, David C

    2010-04-01

    Clinical and translational research is critical for the development of improvement in care of pancreatic diseases. Major concerns are the lack of dedicated trainees in pancreatic research and the difficulty for the remaining trainees to develop independent research careers to be included into the pancreas research community. This article describes the efforts of Solvay Pharmaceuticals and American academic leaders working through the National Pancreas Foundation to facilitate the development and expansion of a new generation of pancreas-related clinical and translational researchers through a 3-year fellows symposium.

  12. Towards an arithmetical logic the arithmetical foundations of logic

    CERN Document Server

    Gauthier, Yvon

    2015-01-01

    This book offers an original contribution to the foundations of logic and mathematics, and focuses on the internal logic of mathematical theories, from arithmetic or number theory to algebraic geometry. Arithmetical logic is the term used to refer to the internal logic of classical arithmetic, here called Fermat-Kronecker arithmetic, and combines Fermat’s method of infinite descent with Kronecker’s general arithmetic of homogeneous polynomials. The book also includes a treatment of theories in physics and mathematical physics to underscore the role of arithmetic from a constructivist viewpoint. The scope of the work intertwines historical, mathematical, logical and philosophical dimensions in a unified critical perspective; as such, it will appeal to a broad readership from mathematicians to logicians, to philosophers interested in foundational questions. Researchers and graduate students in the fields of philosophy and mathematics will benefit from the author’s critical approach to the foundations of l...

  13. The road to Maxwell's demon conceptual foundations of statistical mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Hemmo, Meir

    2012-01-01

    Time asymmetric phenomena are successfully predicted by statistical mechanics. Yet the foundations of this theory are surprisingly shaky. Its explanation for the ease of mixing milk with coffee is incomplete, and even implies that un-mixing them should be just as easy. In this book the authors develop a new conceptual foundation for statistical mechanics that addresses this difficulty. Explaining the notions of macrostates, probability, measurement, memory, and the arrow of time in statistical mechanics, they reach the startling conclusion that Maxwell's Demon, the famous perpetuum mobile, is consistent with the fundamental physical laws. Mathematical treatments are avoided where possible, and instead the authors use novel diagrams to illustrate the text. This is a fascinating book for graduate students and researchers interested in the foundations and philosophy of physics.

  14. Research on critical placement height of gravel column reinforced soft soil foundations%碎石桩处理软土地基临界填筑高度的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈继彬; 赵其华; 彭社琴

    2015-01-01

    目前计算碎石桩处理软土地基临界填筑高度的方法并不完善,没有考虑软基经碎石桩处理后复合地基强度的增加和地基排水固结能力的提高,基于此,依据固结理论,引入碎石桩复合地基固结计算的简化方法,修正按变形控制的临界填筑高度计算公式;并结合四川省遂-资高速公路软基变形监测数据,得出软基厚度在6.5~11.0 m范围内,观测所得的临界填筑高度为4.5~6.5 m,该观测值与修正公式计算值差异性不显著,证实所推导的解析式是切实可行的;在此基础上,初步探讨影响路堤临界填筑高度变化的因素,得出软基厚度、桩间距对其影响较为明显。%Calculation methods for the critical placement height of gravel column reinforced soft soil foundations are not perfect at present. The traditional calculation methods do not take the improvement of composite foundation's strength and the enhancement of foundation's drainage consolidation ability into account. Based on the consolidation theory, the simplified method of consolidation calculation of gravel column composite foundation is introduced, and it modifies the formula of the critical placement height according to the deformation control. Analyzing the settlement deformation observation data of the soft ground distributed along the Suining-Ziyang expressway in Sichuan province, results show that the thickness of clay in the study area is within 6.5-11 m and the observation value of critical placement height ranges from 4.5 to 6.5 m. The difference between observation values and calculation values with modified formula is±(0.1-0.4)m. It verifies that the formula deduced in this paper is applicable. Based on these, the factors influencing the critical placement height were discussed and it was found that the thickness of soft soil and the column spacing have more obvious influences on the critical placement height than other factors.

  15. Confocal and Two-Photon Microscopy: Foundations, Applications and Advances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaspro, Alberto

    2001-11-01

    Confocal and Two-Photon Microscopy Foundations, Applications, and Advances Edited by Alberto Diaspro Confocal and two-photon fluorescence microscopy has provided researchers with unique possibilities of three-dimensional imaging of biological cells and tissues and of other structures such as semiconductor integrated circuits. Confocal and Two-Photon Microscopy: Foundations, Applications, and Advances provides clear, comprehensive coverage of basic foundations, modern applications, and groundbreaking new research developments made in this important area of microscopy. Opening with a foreword by G. J. Brakenhoff, this reference gathers the work of an international group of renowned experts in chapters that are logically divided into balanced sections covering theory, techniques, applications, and advances, featuring: In-depth discussion of applications for biology, medicine, physics, engineering, and chemistry, including industrial applications Guidance on new and emerging imaging technology, developmental trends, and fluorescent molecules Uniform organization and review-style presentation of chapters, with an introduction, historical overview, methodology, practical tips, applications, future directions, chapter summary, and bibliographical references Companion FTP site with full-color photographs The significant experience of pioneers, leaders, and emerging scientists in the field of confocal and two-photon excitation microscopy Confocal and Two-Photon Microscopy: Foundations, Applications, and Advances is invaluable to researchers in the biological sciences, tissue and cellular engineering, biophysics, bioengineering, physics of matter, and medicine, who use these techniques or are involved in developing new commercial instruments.

  16. 韩国某深基坑支护工程可拆式锚索类型选择研究%Type Selection Research of Removable Anchor Cable for Deep Foundation Excavation Support Project in Korean

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵业保; 叶军; 薛永彬

    2016-01-01

    The deep foundation excavation project found in Haeundae LCT project has some characteristics including deep excavation, large amounts of excavation, narrow construction site, high underground water level, tough environmental rules and the shape of land where cutting surface is widely distributed. For the security and safety of deep foundation excavation, diaphragm wall and removable anchor cable were adopted as the support system. This paper compared two types of anchor cables from the test construction, economic analysis, on⁃site construction status and other perspectives, introduced the key point of the anchor cable selection and confirmed the anchor cable used for construction, which accumulated the experience for rational selection of anchor cable.%韩国海云台LCT综合体项目深基坑支护工程,具有基坑开挖深、开挖体量大、断面分散、场地狭小、地下水位高和环境保护严格的特点,为保证深基坑支护的整体安全性与可靠性,工程采用地下连续墙与可拆除式锚索作为主要的支护体系。从试验施工、经济性分析、现场施工状况等角度对2类锚索进行了分析比较,阐述了锚索选型的要点,明确了本工程施工用锚索的类别,为锚索的合理选型积累了经验。

  17. Research on the small bridge and culvert foundation in permafrost regions of Hulunbuir%呼伦贝尔市永冻土地区小桥涵基础研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周成龙; 焦同战

    2012-01-01

    On the basis of mastering the information of hydrology,geology,weather and so on accurately,simulating the temperature-field by integrating the basic theory of engineering cryopedology,land hydrology,groundwater dynamics and thermodynamics,and through the typicality experimental study,the rules and methods of the construction of the highway bridges and culverts in seasonal frozen earth regions are summarized,which can guide the construction of the small bridge and culvert in the frozen earth area such as Hulunbuir and provide theoretical basis to the construction of highway,railway,bridge and culvert foundation and building foundation.%在准确掌握冻土区水文、地质、气象等资料的基础上,综合工程冻土学、陆地水文学、地下水动力学、热力学的基础理论进行温度场数值模拟,并通过典型性试验研究,总结出在季冻土地区进行公路桥涵建设的规律和方法,为在呼伦贝尔及类似冻土地区进行小桥涵施工提供指导,并进一步为在高寒地区公路、铁路桥涵基础、房屋建筑基础提供理论依据。

  18. Forensic bitemark identification: weak foundations, exaggerated claims

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saks, Michael J.; Albright, Thomas; Bohan, Thomas L.; Bierer, Barbara E.; Bowers, C. Michael; Bush, Mary A.; Bush, Peter J.; Casadevall, Arturo; Cole, Simon A.; Denton, M. Bonner; Diamond, Shari Seidman; Dioso-Villa, Rachel; Epstein, Jules; Faigman, David; Faigman, Lisa; Fienberg, Stephen E.; Garrett, Brandon L.; Giannelli, Paul C.; Greely, Henry T.; Imwinkelried, Edward; Jamieson, Allan; Kafadar, Karen; Kassirer, Jerome P.; Koehler, Jonathan ‘Jay’; Korn, David; Mnookin, Jennifer; Morrison, Alan B.; Murphy, Erin; Peerwani, Nizam; Peterson, Joseph L.; Risinger, D. Michael; Sensabaugh, George F.; Spiegelman, Clifford; Stern, Hal; Thompson, William C.; Wayman, James L.; Zabell, Sandy; Zumwalt, Ross E.

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Several forensic sciences, especially of the pattern-matching kind, are increasingly seen to lack the scientific foundation needed to justify continuing admission as trial evidence. Indeed, several have been abolished in the recent past. A likely next candidate for elimination is bitemark identification. A number of DNA exonerations have occurred in recent years for individuals convicted based on erroneous bitemark identifications. Intense scientific and legal scrutiny has resulted. An important National Academies review found little scientific support for the field. The Texas Forensic Science Commission recently recommended a moratorium on the admission of bitemark expert testimony. The California Supreme Court has a case before it that could start a national dismantling of forensic odontology. This article describes the (legal) basis for the rise of bitemark identification and the (scientific) basis for its impending fall. The article explains the general logic of forensic identification, the claims of bitemark identification, and reviews relevant empirical research on bitemark identification—highlighting both the lack of research and the lack of support provided by what research does exist. The rise and possible fall of bitemark identification evidence has broader implications—highlighting the weak scientific culture of forensic science and the law's difficulty in evaluating and responding to unreliable and unscientific evidence. PMID:28852538

  19. Theoretical Foundations for Digital Libraries

    CERN Document Server

    Fox, Edward A; Shen, Rao

    2012-01-01

    In 1991, a group of researchers chose the term digital libraries to describe an emerging field of research, development, and practice. Since then, Virginia Tech has had funded research in this area, largely through its Digital Library Research Laboratory. This book is the first in a four book series that reports our key findings and current research investigations. Underlying this book series are five completed dissertations (Gonçalves, Kozievitch, Murthy, Shen, Torres), nine dissertations underway, and many masters theses. These reflect our experience with a long string of prototype or produc

  20. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-05-18

    May 18, 2014 ... best means of socialising students into the physiotherapy ... their own readiness as they shift from a classroom foundation to clinical reality. ... how changes in staffing at clinical sites, increasing student numbers, and.

  1. ELECTRONIC SCHOLARLY PUBLISHING: FOUNDATIONS OF GENETICS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robert J. Robbins

    2002-11-10

    As the Human Genome Project (HGP) moves toward its successful completion, more and more people have become interested in understanding this project and its results. Since the HGP has significant ethical, legal, and social implications for all citizens, the number of individuals who do, or should wish to become familiar with the project is high. In addition to its importance in the training of professional geneticists, the HGP is of special relevance for undergraduate training in basic biology, and even for high-school and other K-12 education. Understanding the results of HGP research requires a familiarity with the notions of basic genetics. Unlike other disciplines that evolved over centuries, modern genetics began abruptly with the rediscovery of Gregor Mendel's work in 1900. Within a few years, fundamental concepts were elaborated and the foundations of genetics established. Because genetics developed so rapidly in just a few decades after 1900, the literature of that period constitutes a valuable resource even now. It may be read profitably by students and scientists wishing to understand the foundations of their field, as well as by laymen or historians of science. Unfortunately, the early literature is rapidly becoming almost inaccessible. Newer libraries do not hold older journals and even established libraries are moving their materials from that era into hard-to-reach (and impossible to browse) long-term storage in remote warehouses. To be sure, key studies from the early work are discussed in nearly all textbooks, but a comparison of these presentations with the actual literature shows that most textbook treatments have essentially mythologized the early work so that real understanding is lost. There have been several collections of classic works developed over the years (although none lately), but these suffer from the effects of the necessary, but nonetheless pernicious, highly selective sampling that accompanies these projects. Such selectivity

  2. Foundational Forces & Hidden Variables in Technology Commercialization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, Brandon

    2011-03-01

    The science of physics seems vastly different from the process of technology commercialization. Physics strives to understand our world through the experimental deduction of immutable laws and dependent variables and the resulting macro-scale phenomenon. In comparison, the~goal of business is to make a profit by addressing the needs, preferences, and whims of individuals in a market. It may seem that this environment is too dynamic to identify all the hidden variables and deduct the foundational forces that impact a business's ability to commercialize innovative technologies. One example of a business ``force'' is found in the semiconductor industry. In 1965, Intel co-founder Gordon Moore predicted that the number of transistors incorporated in a chip will approximately double every 24 months. Known as Moore's Law, this prediction has become the guiding principle for the semiconductor industry for the last 40 years. Of course, Moore's Law is not really a law of nature; rather it is the result of efforts by Intel and the entire semiconductor industry. A closer examination suggests that there are foundational principles of business that underlie the macro-scale phenomenon of Moore's Law. Principles of profitability, incentive, and strategic alignment have resulted in a coordinated influx of resources that has driven technologies to market, increasing the profitability of the semiconductor industry and optimizing the fitness of its participants. New innovations in technology are subject to these same principles. So, in addition to traditional market forces, these often unrecognized forces and variables create challenges for new technology commercialization. In this talk, I will draw from ethnographic research, complex adaptive theory, and industry data to suggest a framework with which to think about new technology commercialization. Intel's bio-silicon initiative provides a case study.

  3. Concept Study of Foundation Systems for Wave Energy Converters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Molina, Salvador Devant; Vaitkunaite, Evelina; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    Analysis of possible foundation solution for Wave Energy Converters (WEC) is presented by investigating and optimizing novel foundation systems recently developed for offshore wind turbines. Gravity based, pile and bucket foundations are innovative foundation systems that are analyzed. Concept...

  4. Industrial Foundations in the Tax System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Søren Bo

    and elsewhere. This system implies clear consequences for the taxation of different types of income, labor income and capital income. However, as the outline of the system is based on the premise that “people pay taxes”, industrial foundations, having no personal owners, do not immediately fit in. So what to do......This paper attempts to place industrial foundations (IFs in the following; similar to trusts) in the tax system. An industrial foundation is a private foundation that holds a voting majority in a joint stock corporation. These IFs are probably more prevalent in Denmark than in any other country...

  5. Adaptive plasticity model for bucket foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Lars Bo; Barari, Amin; Larsen, Kim A.

    2014-01-01

    Based on experimental investigations, the literature proposes different methods for modeling the behavior and capacity of foundations subjected to combined loading. Generally, two methods are used to predict the behavior of foundations: traditional approaches and hardening plasticity solutions....... The first method is only capable of determining the capacity of the foundations and not the prepeak behavior. Thus, a new strain-hardening criterion is developed by calibrating failure criteria by employing data from small-scale tests on bucket foundations subjected to static loads. The shape of the yield...

  6. Monopod bucket foundations under cyclic lateral loading

    OpenAIRE

    Foglia, Aligi; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    2014-01-01

    The monopod bucket foundation can be a cost-reducing sub-structure for offshore wind turbines. To avoid problems during the turbine operation, the long-term effect of cyclic loading must be considered in the design of the foundation. In this paper a 1g testing rig is adopted to extend the knowledge on bucket foundations under lateral cyclic loading. The test setup is described in detail and a comprehensive experimental campaign is presented. The foundation is subjected to cyclic overturning m...

  7. Industrial Foundations in the Danish Economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Steen

    Industrial Foundations (foundations that own business companies) are found around the world e.g in Northern Europe, Germany, the US and India, but nowhere do they appear to be as economically important as in Denmark. In this paper we review their share of the Danish economy. We find that foundation......-owned companies account for 5-10% of the Danish economy depending on measurement. However, they constitute the bulk of Danish stock market capitalization and R&D expenditure, and they also contribute disproportionally to international business activity. Finally the industrial foundations make charitable donations...

  8. A Content Analysis Exploring Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Topics in Foundations of Education Textbooks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macgillivray, Ian K.; Jennings, Todd

    2008-01-01

    This research analyzed the most widely used foundations of education textbooks for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) content. Because foundations of education coursework routinely introduces other diversity topics in education, the authors hold it is a good place to introduce LGBT topics. The ways in which LGBT topics are included in…

  9. This New Field of Inclusive Education: Beginning a Dialogue on Conceptual Foundations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danforth, Scot; Naraian, Srikala

    2015-01-01

    Numerous scholars have suggested that the standard knowledge base of the field of special education is not a suitable intellectual foundation for the development of research, policy, and practice in the field of inclusive education. Still, we have yet to have a dialogue on what conceptual foundations may be most generative for the growth and…

  10. Systems Diagnostics: A McREL Report Prepared for Stupski Foundation's Learning System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igel, Charles; Apthorp, Helen; Peterson, Gary; Davis, Tony; Moore, Laurie; Englert, Kerry

    2009-01-01

    This document is one of eight reports prepared to support the development of a new learning system, an effort that is the first step in a major initiative undertaken by the Stupski Foundation. The report was created collaboratively by researchers from McRel with guidance from officers of the Stupski Foundation. Its purpose is to provide members of…

  11. Hundred years of history and the future of the Foundation 'Willie Commelin Scholten Phytopathological Laboratory'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schippers, B.; Roosje, G.S.

    1997-01-01

    The past More than a century ago, on December 18th, 1894, the Foundation 'Willie Commelin Scholten Phytopathological Laboratory', in short 'WCS-Foundation' (WCS) , was established in Amsterdam. It was one of the first institutes in the world dedicated to scientific research and higher

  12. Institutes, Foundations and Think Tanks: Neoconservative Influences on U.S. Public Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovacs, Philip; Boyles, Deron

    2005-01-01

    This paper introduces the reader to think tanks, institutes, foundations, and their roles in shaping U.S. educational policy. Quite simply, think tanks, institutes, and foundations are nonprofit organizations that both produce and rely on research and expertise to aggressively influence the public, political leaders, and policy. Via an analysis of…

  13. Environmental Education in the Galapagos: 2007 Report to the Charles Darwin Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stepath, Carl M.

    2007-01-01

    Background: "Environmental education in the Galapagos: 2007 report to the Charles Darwin Foundation" is a report to the Charles Darwin Foundation (CDF) about the researchers observations about the status of environmental education in the Galapagos in 2006 and 2007. Purpose: This paper reports on environmental education in the Galapagos…

  14. Neurobehavioral foundation of environmental reactivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Sarah R; Depue, Richard A

    2016-02-01

    Sensitivity to environmental context has been of interest for many years, but the nature of individual differences in environmental sensitivity has become of particular focus over the past 2 decades. What is particularly uncertain are the neural variables and processes that mediate the effects of environment on developmental outcomes. Accordingly, we provide a neurobehavioral foundation of reactivity to the environment in several steps. First, the different patterns of environmental sensitivity are defined to identify the significant factors involved in the manifestation of these patterns. Second, we focus on neurobiological reactivity as the construct underlying variation in sensitivity to the environment by (a) providing an organizing threshold model of elicitation of neurobiology by environmental context; and (b) integrating the literature on 2 sets of neuromodulators in terms of each modulator's (a) contribution to neural and behavioral reactivity to stimulation, and (b) relation to emotional-motivational systems (dopamine, opiates and oxytocin, corticotropin-releasing hormone) or the general modulation of those systems (serotonin, norepinephrine, and GABA). Discussion concludes with (a) a comprehensive neurobehavioral framework of environmental reactivity based on a combinatorial model of a supertrait, (b) methodological implications of the model, and (c) a developmental perspective on environmental reactivity.

  15. Economic and Social Political Ideology and Homophobia: The Mediating Role of Binding and Individualizing Moral Foundations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, Michael D; Öz, Haluk C M; Marsden, Arthur D

    2017-05-02

    Previous research has linked conservative political ideology with homophobia. Political ideology has also been linked to differences in moral decision-making, with research suggesting that conservatives and liberals may use different values in their moral decision-making processes. Moral foundations theory is a model of moral decision-making that proposes that individuals emphasize different domains in moral decision-making. Conservatives tend to emphasize binding foundations, while liberals tend to emphasize individualizing foundations. Utilizing large, ethnically diverse college samples, the purpose of these two cross-sectional studies (Study 1 N = 492; Study 2 N = 861) was to explore whether moral foundations mediate the relationship between political ideology and homophobia. These studies explored economic and social political ideology separately and utilized a two-factor model of moral foundations theory (individualizing and binding foundations). Results of both studies found that conservative economic and social political ideology was positively associated with homophobia. Study 1 found that both conservative economic and social political ideology had an indirect effect on homophobia through binding foundations. Study 2 found that both economic and social political ideology had an indirect effect on homophobia through both binding and individualizing foundations. Overall, the results were consistent with the notion that moral foundations may explain the relationship between political ideology and homophobia.

  16. Ostomy care: foundation for teaching and practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turnbull, G B; Erwin-Toth, P

    1999-01-01

    Current approaches to ostomy management evolved from the extensive experience of surgeons, enterostomal therapy nurses, staff nurses, patients, and manufacturers. Advances in surgical techniques in the 1950's led to decreased morbidity and mortality previously associated with ostomy surgery. With these advances, a corresponding demand emerged to meet the rehabilitative needs of these patients by providing significant physical and psychological support. The birth of enterostomal therapy in 1958 focused interest, energy, and resources on this important area of patient care. Today's tradition-based practice continues to go a long way in meeting the physical and psychological needs of individuals undergoing ostomy surgery. However, in this era of managed care, shrinking healthcare dollars, and standardized guidelines, care practices not derived from evidence or consensus may jeopardize a patient's access to appropriate interventions and supplies. An exhaustive review of the literature revealed a paucity of ostomy-related research. The effectiveness of preoperative stoma site selection, prevention, care, and treatment of peristomal skin problems; and pouch selection and wearing times revealed a wealth of empirical evidence, but little or no objective data supporting commonly accepted interventions. The care of individuals with urinary and fecal diversions is both an art and a science. Evidence-based practice is needed to provide a firm foundation from which the art of individualized patient care can flourish. Research related to pre- and postoperative care and rehabilitation of individuals with ostomies can only serve to improve education, continuity of care, reimbursement, and most importantly, optimize patient care.

  17. 大学计算机基础课程采用"渗透式"双语教学的研究%Research on Bilingual Education of"Infiltrating"in College Computer Foundation Courses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史健婷; 王国权; 陈亦男

    2011-01-01

    Bilingual education has become a hot spot in the teaching reform, combined with practice discussion of bilingual education of"infiltrating" in college computer foundation courses, the paper described the introduction of bilingual education into basic computer courses can effectively overcome language barriers during the learning process for students and cultivate the ability of students' access to scientific literature and international academic exchanges.%双语教学已成为教学改革的热点,本文结合大学计算机基础课程对"渗透式"双语教学的实施进行了探讨.将双语教学引入到大学计算机基础课程中可以有效地克服学生在计算机学习过程中遇到的语言障碍,培养学生查阅科技文献,进行国际学术交流的能力.

  18. Density functional theory: Foundations reviewed

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kryachko, Eugene S., E-mail: eugene.kryachko@ulg.ac.be [Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kiev, 03680 (Ukraine); Ludeña, Eduardo V., E-mail: popluabe@yahoo.es [Centro de Química, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, IVIC, Apartado 21827, Caracas 1020-A (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of); Prometheus Program, Senescyt (Ecuador); Grupo Ecuatoriano para el Estudio Experimental y Teórico de Nanosistemas, GETNano, USFQ, N104-E, Quito (Ecuador); Escuela Politécnica Superior del Litoral, ESPOL, Guayaquil (Ecuador)

    2014-11-10

    Guided by the above motto (quotation), we review a broad range of issues lying at the foundations of Density Functional Theory, DFT, a theory which is currently omnipresent in our everyday computational study of atoms and molecules, solids and nano-materials, and which lies at the heart of modern many-body computational technologies. The key goal is to demonstrate that there are definitely the ways to improve DFT. We start by considering DFT in the larger context provided by reduced density matrix theory (RDMT) and natural orbital functional theory (NOFT), and examine the implications that N-representability conditions on the second-order reduced density matrix (2-RDM) have not only on RDMT and NOFT but, also, by extension, on the functionals of DFT. This examination is timely in view of the fact that necessary and sufficient N-representability conditions on the 2-RDM have recently been attained. In the second place, we review some problems appearing in the original formulation of the first Hohenberg–Kohn theorem which is still a subject of some controversy. In this vein we recall Lieb’s comment on this proof and the extension to this proof given by Pino et al. (2009), and in this context examine the conditions that must be met in order that the one-to-one correspondence between ground-state densities and external potentials remains valid for finite subspaces (namely, the subspaces where all Kohn–Sham solutions are obtained in practical applications). We also consider the issue of whether the Kohn–Sham equations can be derived from basic principles or whether they are postulated. We examine this problem in relation to ab initio DFT. The possibility of postulating arbitrary Kohn–Sham-type equations, where the effective potential is by definition some arbitrary mixture of local and non-local terms, is discussed. We also deal with the issue of whether there exists a universal functional, or whether one should advocate instead the construction of problem

  19. Stiffness Formulation of Flexible Bucket Foundation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Lars Bo; Liingaard, Morten; Larsen, Kim André

    The response of offshore wind turbines e.g. static, eigen frequencies and eigen modes, are affected by elastic properties of the foundation and the subsoil. The Elastic Macro Model is developed to evaluate the soil-structure interaction of flexible bucket foundations for offshore wind turbines so...

  20. Monopod bucket foundations under cyclic lateral loading

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foglia, Aligi; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    The monopod bucket foundation can be a cost-reducing sub-structure for offshore wind turbines. To avoid problems during the turbine operation, the long-term effect of cyclic loading must be considered in the design of the foundation. In this paper a 1g testing rig is adopted to extend the knowled...