Sample records for mabel jaques cuthbert

  1. Teaching and Learning African Music and Jaques-Dalcroze's Eurhythmics (United States)

    Phuthego, Mothusi


    This article looks at the indigenous music of Botswana as an African musical idiom, to illustrate common aspects between approaches to teaching and learning music in African societies and the Jaques-Dalcroze approach. The author argues that a strong foundation exists in African musical practices upon which the Dalcroze approach can build. That…

  2. A Conceptual Study of Spirituality in Selected Writings of Émile Jaques-Dalcroze (United States)

    Habron, John; van der Merwe, Liesl


    Several authors have noted that one of Émile Jaques-Dalcroze's aims was to dissolve the mind-body dualism, typical of Cartesianism. However, there has been little research on the spirit-body connection, as it appears in Jaques-Dalcroze's writings. The purpose of this document analysis is to understand how a hermeneutic phenomenological model for…

  3. Mabel Condemarín: una educadora diferencial chilena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Caiceo Escudero


    Full Text Available Mabel Condemarín Grimberg (3/11/1931-30/03/2004 fue una importante educadora chilena a quien, por su labor, el Estado de Chile le otorgó el Premio Nacional de Ciencias de la Educación en el 2003. Fue una educadora transgresora de su tiempo porque, a pesar de su origen humilde y estar lejana a los centros de poder, logró superarse académicamente y obtener los títulos que ella deseaba, tanto en Chile como en el extranjero. Condemarín dedicó su vida a un tema que no otorga grandes beneficios: preocuparse porque los nifios mas pobres y con trastornos de aprendizaje aprendieran a leer y escribir comprensiva y correctamente. Al mismo tiempo, estaba orgullosa de su condición de género, pero ello no era problema para trabajar tanto con hombres como con mujeres. En este artículo, se busca reconstituir la vida, la obra y el pensamiento de esta educadora chilena, cuyas obras escritas se conocen en los diversos países latinoamericanos y han tenido varias ediciones, así como traducciones al portugués para Brasil. AbstractMabel Condemarin Grimberg (1931-2004 was an important  Chilean  educator who was awarded the National Prize in Learning Sciences in 2003 by the Chilean government. She was a struggler of her time because despite her humble origins and no involvement in elite groups, she achieved all her academic goals and obtained all the titles she wished not only in Chile, but also abroad. She devoted her life to a project that does not have great benefits such as caring and working for those poorest children with learning disorders, to make them read and write comprehensively and accurately. At the same time, she was proud of being a woman, and this fact was not a problem to work with both, men and women. This paper aims to reconstruct Mabel Condemarin's life, works and thoughts, whose written works are well-known and reedited in different Latin American countries; as well as some editions which have been translated into Portuguese for

  4. ["Jaques-Dalcroze eurhythmics" improves gait and prevents falls in the elderly]. (United States)

    Trombetti, Andrea; Hars, Mélany; Herrmann, François; Kressig, Reto; Ferrari, Serge; Rizzoli, René


    Given the significant health and socioeconomic consequences of falls, to develop and promote effective falls prevention strategies among older adults represents a major issue. Jaques-Dalcroze eurhythmics is a music education program through movement method developed in Geneva, Switzerland, in the early 20th century. This new exercise form, adapted for elderly people, features various multitask exercises performed to the rhythm of improvised piano music and mainly challenge gait and balance, but also memory, attention and coordination. We report here the results of a randomized controlled trial conducted in Geneva showing that Jaques-Dalcroze eurythmics practice can improve gait performance under single and dual-task conditions, and balance, as well as reduce both rate of falls and the risk of falling in at-risk elderly community-dwellers.

  5. MABEL-2: a code to analyse cladding deformation in a loss-of-coolant accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bowring, R.W.; Cooper, C.A.


    MABEL-2 has been developed to predict the extent of cladding deformation in PWR fuel rods during a loss of coolant accident. The user notes describe how to run MABEL. They include case preparation and input data, the job control language, a description of the output tables available, and aids to debugging. The input data and results for two sample cases are given. (U.K.)

  6. MABEL-2: a code to analyse cladding deformation in a loss-of-coolant accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bowring, R.W.; Cooper, C.A.; Haste, T.J.


    MABEL can be used to determine the cladding deformation in a PWR during a LOCA. It takes the results of calculations from other codes to define the initial fuel condition and the transient whole core thermal-hydraulic behaviour. The use of MABEL with input data appropriate to different regions of a reactor core allows an overall picture of coolant channel blockage within the core to be obtained. (U.K.)

  7. MABEL-2D: a code to analyse cladding deformation in a loss-of-coolant accident. Part 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bowring, R.W.


    The MABEL series of codes is being developed at Harwell to predict the extent of cladding deformation (ballooning) in pressurized water reactor fuel rods during a loss of coolant accident. MABEL - 2D is an updated version of MABEL - 2C. These are user notes for MABEL - 2D (which is described in a separate report AEEW - R1979). They describe the input data specification; the use of the restart facility; debug printing and quick-running sample problems. The input data are divided into rod data, thermal hydraulic data and creep data. There is an input data flow chart. The main appendix gives the detailed input data specification. (U.K.)

  8. The dynamic storage and restart facilities in MABEL-2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nye, M.T.S.


    MABEL-2 is a FORTRAN program for calculating clad ballooning in a PWR during a LOCA. Originally written with fixed array storage, the use of the code has been extended by including dynamic storage. The lengths of the arrays in the program are set at execution time, varying from run to run. This allows much greater freedom in the choice of mesh and the size of case run. The use of computer memory is also more efficient. In addition a restart facility has been included which allows the user to break off and restart execution of the program (once or many times) during a transient. By using this facility much longer calculations can be run. Should an error in either input data or program become apparent late in a transient, the case need only be re-run from the last dump because some input data can be altered at restart. The use of these new facilities and the coding changes are described. (author)

  9. Jaques-Louis Reverdin (1842-1929): the surgeon and the needle. (United States)

    Fariña-Pérez, Luis A


    With the development and rise of abdominal laparoscopic techniques, the old Reverdin needle has had a revival, because it proved to be useful for the endoscopic closure of laparoscopic access ports, in order to lower the incidence of incisional hernias. Several new modifications of the Reverdin needle, with different names, are in the market now. This new use of an old instrument, prompted a review of the life and work of Jaques-Louis Reverdin, the Swiss surgeon trained in Paris and founder of the modern Swiss surgery. Biographical and bibliographical review of Jaques-MLouis Reverdin and his contributions to surgery Jaques-Louis Reverdin (1842-1929), born in Geneva, completed his medical studies in Paris, where he practised in several well-known hospitals such as La Pitié (with Goselin), Saint Louis (with Guérin), Lariboisiére, and Necker (with Guyon). In 1869 he published and presented in several meetings, a pioneering experience of successful free skin graft procedure, that is still performed in some cases and constitutes the first organ transplantation. In 1870 he presented his doctoral thesis "Etude sur l'uréthrotomie interne" with the expeience of his master Guyon (63 operations), gaining the Civiale prize and the bronze medal of the Paris Faculty of Medicine. He returned back to Geneva in 1872 to begin a long surgical practice and Faculty teaching, and he made seminal contributions to the knowledge of thyroid diseases, in particular on the clinical presentation of function deficiency following exeresis of the thyroid gland ( postoperative myxoedema). His contributions paralleled that made by Theodor Kocher in Bern, the surgeon that received in solitary the Nobel prize for these studies in 1909. With Jean6hyphen;Louis Prevost and Constant Picot, they founded the "Revue medicale de la Suisse romande", the most important Swiss medical journal of the 20th century. He is remembered in the field of Urology for a special needle designed to pass through a suture

  10. TRACMAB. A computer code to form part of the link between the codes TRAC and MABEL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Newbon, S.


    This report describes the function of the link program TRACMAB and provides a guide for users. The program is required to convert the thermal disequilibrium data output by the transient code TRAC into equilibrium data in a format compatible with the input data required by the code CAIN which in turn produces input data for MABEL. (author)

  11. Analysis of MABEL Bathymetry in Keweenaw Bay and Implications for ICESat-2 ATLAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas A. Forfinski-Sarkozi


    Full Text Available In 2018, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA is scheduled to launch the Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2, with a new six-beam, green-wavelength, photon-counting lidar system, Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter System (ATLAS. The primary objectives of the ICESat-2 mission are to measure ice-sheet elevations, sea-ice thickness, and global biomass. However, if bathymetry can be reliably retrieved from ATLAS data, this could assist in addressing a key data need in many coastal and inland water body areas, including areas that are poorly-mapped and/or difficult to access. Additionally, ATLAS-derived bathymetry could be used to constrain bathymetry derived from complementary data, such as passive, multispectral imagery and synthetic aperture radar (SAR. As an important first step in evaluating the ability to map bathymetry from ATLAS, this study involves a detailed assessment of bathymetry from the Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar (MABEL, NASA’s airborne ICESat-2 simulator, flown on the Earth Resources 2 (ER-2 high-altitude aircraft. An interactive, web interface, MABEL Viewer, was developed and used to identify bottom returns in Keweenaw Bay, Lake Superior. After applying corrections for refraction and channel-specific elevation biases, MABEL bathymetry was compared against National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA data acquired two years earlier. The results indicate that MABEL reliably detected bathymetry in depths of up to 8 m, with a root mean square (RMS difference of 0.7 m, with respect to the reference data. Additionally, a version of the lidar equation was developed for predicting bottom-return signal levels in MABEL and tested using the Keweenaw Bay data. Future work will entail extending these results to ATLAS, as the technical specifications of the sensor become available.



    Alexandridis, Konstantinos T.; Pijanowski, Bryan C.


    The Multi Agent-Based Environmental Landscape model (MABEL) introduces a Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI) systemic methodology, to simulate land use and transformation changes over time and space. Computational agents represent abstract relations among geographic, environmental, human and socio-economic variables, with respect to land transformation pattern changes. A multi-agent environment is developed providing task-nonspecific problem-solving abilities, flexibility on achieving g...

  13. MABEL 2: a code to analyse cladding deformation in a loss of coolant accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bowring, R.W.; Cooper, C.A.; Nye, M.T.S.


    The calculation strategy of MABEL-2 and the hierarchy and purpose of its subroutines are described so that a programmer can readily identify both the overall structure of the code and the functions of its constituent parts. Also, to assist those who wish to examine the coding in detail, the common block variables are defined and a list is given of all variables used in the code, together with the subroutines in which they are used. (author)

  14. MABEL Photon-Counting Laser Altimetry Data in Alaska for ICESat-2 Simulations and Development (United States)

    Brunt, Kelly; Neumann, T. A.; Amundson, M.; Kavanaugh, J. L.; Moussavi, M. S.; Walsh, K. M.; Cook, W. B.; Markus, T.


    Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar (MABEL) maps Alaskan crevasses in detail, using 50 of the expected along-track Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter System (ATLAS) signal-photon densities over summer ice sheets. Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite 2 (ICESat-2) along-track data density, and spatial data density due to the multiple-beam strategy, will provide a new dataset to mid-latitude alpine glacier researchers.

  15. Mabel Hannah’s Justice: a contextual re-reading of Donoghue v Stevenson


    van Rijswijk, Honni


    In Donoghue v Stevenson,1 the House of Lords established negligence as an independent tort and reformulated the responsibility owed by one person to another in civil society. The accident of Mabel Hannah finding a snail in her ginger beer became the occasion for the law to disrupt the (then) normal practices of manufacture specifically, and socioeconomic conditions more generally, by introducing attentiveness to vulnerability as a civil ethic. This essay looks back at the case and reads it in...

  16. MABEL-2: a code to analyse cladding deformation in a loss-of-coolant accident: status February 1980

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gittus, J.H.; Haste, T.J.; Bowring, R.W.; Cooper, C.A.


    MABEL-2 calculates the deformation of a single fuel rod. This rod is surrounded by 8 other rods on a square lattice whose behaviour is specified via Input Data options. A 2-D (r,theta) conduction model is used for the fuel rod, the cladding creep is calculated from the CANSWEL-2 model and the feedback effect of clad strain on heat transfer to the coolant is obtained from subchannel analysis of the coolant passages surrounding the rod. The coding of the first version of MABEL-2 has been completed except for work to optimise the iteration convergence, minimise the running time and generally tidy up the coding. (author)

  17. MABEL at IPAC: managing address books and email lists at the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (United States)

    Crane, Megan; Brinkworth, Carolyn; Gelino, Dawn; O'Leary, Ellen


    The Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC), located on the campus of the California Institute of Technology, is NASA's multi-mission data center for infrared astrophysics. Some of IPAC's services include administering data analysis funding awards to the astronomical community, organizing conferences and workshops, and soliciting and selecting fellowship and observing proposals. As most of these services are repeated annually or biannually, it becomes necessary to maintain multiple lists of email contacts associated with each service. MABEL is a PHP/MySQL web database application designed to facilitate this process. It serves as an address book containing up-to-date contact information for thousands of recipients. Recipients may be assigned to any number of email lists categorized by IPAC project and team. Lists may be public (viewable by all project members) or private (viewable only by team members). MABEL can also be used to send HTML or plain-text emails to multiple lists at once and prevents duplicate emails to a single recipient. This work was performed at the California Institute of Technology under contract to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

  18. Mabel Grujić i Delfa Ivanić. Dobročiniteljke srpskog naroda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jasmina Milanović


    Full Text Available The article reviles the role of the two dames which were active in humanitarian work, helping the Serbian nation during the Balkan Wars 1912-1913 and the First World War. Those were Delfa Ivanic, the Serbian, and Mabel Grujic. Most of their work was financial and material aid. Mrs. Grujic was active in propaganda efforts of the Serbian struggle, as well as collecting the money, cloth and other material which she gathered and send to Serbia. Mrs. Ivanic was active as nurse, and also in organizing the war-hospitals of the charity organization Kolo srpskih sestara. They both were engaged in establishing of the homes for the orphans, the Serbian children which lost their parents in war. The author stresses their activities as the noble example of the humanity and sacrifice, resulted in many saved lives during the course of the wars.

  19. MABEL-1. A code to analyse cladding deformation in a loss-of-coolant accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bowring, R.W.; Cooper, C.A.


    The MABEL-1 code has been written to investigate the deformation, of fuel pin cladding and its effects on fuel pin temperature transients during a loss-of-coolant accident. The code considers a single fuel pin with heated fuel concentric within the cladding. The fuel pin temperature distribution is evaluated using a one-dimensional conduction model with heat transfer to the coolant represented by an input set of heat transfer coefficients. The cladding deformation is calculated using the code CANSWEL, which assumes all strain to be elastic or creep and models the creep under a multi-axial stress system by a spring/dashpot combination undergoing alternate relaxation and elastic strain. (author)

  20. The CAIN computer code for the generation of MABEL input data sets: a user's manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tilley, D.R.


    CAIN is an interactive FORTRAN computer code designed to overcome the substantial effort involved in manually creating the thermal-hydraulics input data required by MABEL-2. CAIN achieves this by processing output from either of the whole-core codes, RELAP or TRAC, interpolating where necessary, and by scanning RELAP/TRAC output in order to generate additional information. This user's manual describes the actions required in order to create RELAP/TRAC data sets from magnetic tape, to create the other input data sets required by CAIN, and to operate the interactive command procedure for the execution of CAIN. In addition, the CAIN code is described in detail. This programme of work is part of the Nuclear Installations Inspectorate (NII)'s contribution to the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority's independent safety assessment of pressurized water reactors. (author)

  1. Ballooning analysis for the Sizewell B PWR using symmetric MABEL calculations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sweet, D.W.; Gibson, I.H.; Fell, J.


    An analysis of the fuel clad ballooning potential associated with the Sizewell B PWR following a design basis large break cold leg LOCA is described. Calculations employ MABEL-2C code. No allowance has been made for asymmetries in power or geometry, thus precluding any amelioration offered by early clad rupture. Thermal hydraulic data were derived from a TRAC-PD2 best estimate analysis of the LOCA and the work includes a detailed sensitivity study which leads to a correlation between peak clad temperature and clad strain. For the best estimate start of cycle 1 peak rod rating, no loss of coolability is expected within 95 percent confidence limits on peak clad temperature. No loss of coolability is expected either for rods at the design basis peak rod rating. The temperature does not have to be much higher than the 95 percent confidence limit on the best estimate rating or much beyond that of the design basis rating for rod contact and severe blockage to follow. This indicates that to establish a complete safety case the added complexity of pellet eccentricity and rod to rod power variations must be considered. (U.K.)

  2. Inland and Near Shore Water Profiles Derived from the High Altitude Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar (MABEL) (United States)

    Jasinski, Michael F.; Stoll, Jeremy D.; Cook, William B.; Ondrusek, Michael; Stengel, Eric; Brunt, Kelly


    The Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter System (ATLAS) on the Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite (ICESat-2) mission is a six beam, low energy, high repetition rate, 532 nm laser transmitter with photon counting detectors. Although designed primarily for detecting height changes in icecaps, sea ice and vegetation, the polar-orbital satellite will observe global surface water during its designed three year life span, including inland water bodies, coasts, and open oceans. In preparation for the mission, an ICESat-2 prototype or the Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar (MABEL), was built and flown on high altitude aircraft experiments over a range of inland and near-shore targets. The purpose was to test the ATLAS concept and to provide a database for developing an algorithm that detects along track surface water height and light penetration under a range of atmospheric and water conditions. The current analysis examines the datasets of three MABEL transects observed from 20 km above ground of coastal and inland waters conducted in 2012 and 2013. Transects ranged from about 2 to 12 km in length and included the middle Chesapeake Bay, the near shore Atlantic coast at Virginia Beach, and Lake Mead. Results indicate MABEL's high capability for retrieving surface water height statistics with a mean height precision of approximately 5-7 cm per 100m segment length. Profiles of attenuated subsurface backscatter, characterized using a Signal to Background Ratio written in Log10 base, or LSBR0, were observed over a range of 1.3 to 9.3 meters depending on water clarity and atmospheric background. Results indicate that observable penetration depth, although primarily dependent on water properties, was greatest when solar background rate was low. Near shore bottom reflectance was detected only at the Lake Mead site down to maximum of 10 m under a clear night sky and low turbidity of approximately 1.6 Nephelometric Turbidity Units (NTU). The overall results suggest

  3. Inland and Near-Shore Water Profiles Derived from the High-Altitude Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar (MABEL) (United States)

    Jasinski, Michael F.; Stoll, Jeremy D.; Cook, William B.; Ondrusek, Michael; Stengel, Eric; Brunt, Kelly


    The Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter System (ATLAS) on the Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite (ICESat-2) mission is a six beam, low energy, high repetition rate, 532-nanometer laser transmitter with photon counting detectors. Although designed primarily for detecting height changes in ice caps, sea ice, and vegetation, the polar-orbiting satellite will observe global surface water during its designed three-year life span, including inland waterbodies, coasts, and open oceans. In preparation for the mission, an ICESat-2 prototype, the Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar (MABEL), was built and flown on high-altitude aircraft experiments over a range of inland and near-shore targets. The purpose was to test the ATLAS concept and to provide a database for developing an algorithm that detects along track surface water height and light penetration under a range of atmospheric and water conditions. The current analysis examines the data sets of three MABEL transects observed from 20 kilometers above ground of coastal and inland waters conducted in 2012 and 2013. Transects ranged from about 2 to 12 kilometers in length and included the middle Chesapeake Bay, the near-shore Atlantic coast at Virginia Beach, and Lake Mead. Results indicate MABEL's high capability for retrieving surface water height statistics with a mean height precision ofapproximately 5-7 centimeters per 100-meter segment length. Profiles of attenuated subsurface backscatter, characterized using a Signal to Background Ratio written in Log10 base, or LSBR (sub 0), were observed over a range of 1.3 to 9.3 meters, depending on water clarity and atmospheric background. Results indicate that observable penetration depth, although primarily dependent on water properties, was greatest when the solar background rate was low. Near-shore bottom reflectance was detected only at the Lake Mead site down to a maximum of 10 meters under a clear night sky and low turbidity of approximately 1

  4. Exploring complex dynamics in multi agent-based intelligent systems: Theoretical and experimental approaches using the Multi Agent-based Behavioral Economic Landscape (MABEL) model (United States)

    Alexandridis, Konstantinos T.

    This dissertation adopts a holistic and detailed approach to modeling spatially explicit agent-based artificial intelligent systems, using the Multi Agent-based Behavioral Economic Landscape (MABEL) model. The research questions that addresses stem from the need to understand and analyze the real-world patterns and dynamics of land use change from a coupled human-environmental systems perspective. Describes the systemic, mathematical, statistical, socio-economic and spatial dynamics of the MABEL modeling framework, and provides a wide array of cross-disciplinary modeling applications within the research, decision-making and policy domains. Establishes the symbolic properties of the MABEL model as a Markov decision process, analyzes the decision-theoretic utility and optimization attributes of agents towards comprising statistically and spatially optimal policies and actions, and explores the probabilogic character of the agents' decision-making and inference mechanisms via the use of Bayesian belief and decision networks. Develops and describes a Monte Carlo methodology for experimental replications of agent's decisions regarding complex spatial parcel acquisition and learning. Recognizes the gap on spatially-explicit accuracy assessment techniques for complex spatial models, and proposes an ensemble of statistical tools designed to address this problem. Advanced information assessment techniques such as the Receiver-Operator Characteristic curve, the impurity entropy and Gini functions, and the Bayesian classification functions are proposed. The theoretical foundation for modular Bayesian inference in spatially-explicit multi-agent artificial intelligent systems, and the ensembles of cognitive and scenario assessment modular tools build for the MABEL model are provided. Emphasizes the modularity and robustness as valuable qualitative modeling attributes, and examines the role of robust intelligent modeling as a tool for improving policy-decisions related to land

  5. A 9-Week Jaques-Dalcroze Eurhythmics Intervention Improves Single and Dual-Task Gait Speed in Community-Dwelling Older People. (United States)

    Ferguson-Stegall, Lisa; Vang, Mandy; Wolfe, Anthony S; Thomsen, Kathy M


    Falls are a major public health concern among older adults, and most occur while walking, especially under dualtask conditions. Jaques-Dalcroze eurhythmics (JDE) is a music-based movement training program that emphasizes multitask coordinated movement. A previous 6-mo JDE study in older people demonstrated improved gait and balance; however, the effects of short-term JDE interventions on fall risk-related outcomes are largely unknown. We conducted a preliminary investigation on whether a 9-week JDE intervention improved gait and stability in a community-dwelling older cohort, hypothesizing that improvements would occur in all outcome measures. Nine participants (78.9 ± 12.3 y) completed the supervised JDE intervention (once/week for 60 min). Gait speed was determined by the 6-m timed walk test (6MTW); dual-task gait speed was determined by another 6MTW while counting backward from 50 aloud; and coordinated stability was assessed using a Swaymeter-like device. Gait speed (0.92 ± 0.11 vs 1.04 ± 0.12 m/sec, P = .04) and dual-task gait speed (0.77 ± 0.09 vs 0.92 ± 0.11 m/sec, P = .0005) significantly improved. This novel intervention is an effective short-term physical activity option for those that plan physical activity or fall-risk reduction programs for the older people.

  6. The "Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL" longitudinal survey - Protocol and baseline data for a prospective cohort study of Australian doctors' workforce participation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Witt Julia


    Full Text Available Abstract Background While there is considerable research on medical workforce supply trends, there is little research examining the determinants of labour supply decisions for the medical workforce. The "Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL" study investigates workforce participation patterns and their determinants using a longitudinal survey of Australian doctors. It aims to generate evidence to support developing effective policy responses to workforce issues such as shortages and maldistribution. This paper describes the study protocol and baseline cohort, including an analysis of response rates and response bias. Methods/Design MABEL is a prospective cohort study. All Australian doctors undertaking clinical work in 2008 (n = 54,750 were invited to participate, and annual waves of data collections will be undertaken until at least 2011. Data are collected by paper or optional online version of a questionnaire, with content tailored to four sub-groups of clinicians: general practitioners, specialists, specialists in training, and hospital non-specialists. In the baseline wave, data were collected on: job satisfaction, attitudes to work and intentions to quit or change hours worked; a discrete choice experiment examining preferences and trade-offs for different types of jobs; work setting; workload; finances; geographic location; demographics; and family circumstances. Discussion The baseline cohort includes 10,498 Australian doctors, representing an overall response rate of 19.36%. This includes 3,906 general practitioners, 4,596 specialists, 1,072 specialists in training, and 924 hospital non-specialists. Respondents were more likely to be younger, female, and to come from non-metropolitan areas, the latter partly reflecting the effect of a financial incentive on response for doctors in remote and rural areas. Specialists and specialists in training were more likely to respond, whilst hospital non-specialists were less

  7. Oração da abertura do quarto curso da aula do comércio proferida pelo professor Alberto Jaquéri de Sales, em 15 de fevereiro de 1771

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Alves Dias


    Full Text Available O acervo da Biblioteca Nacional de Lisboa guarda um relevantedocumento impresso, em 1771, de autoria de Alberto Jaquéri de Sales, lenteda Aula do Comércio na cidade de Lisboa entre 1762 a 1784. Em oração deabertura do quarto curso da Aula do Comércio, da turma cujo início se deu em15 de fevereiro de 1771, o professor Alberto Jaquéri de Sales registra muitodos princípios valorativos em voga nos meados dos setecentos na Europa,notadamente em Portugal e suas possessões. A premente relação ‘comércio eensino’, preconizada e defendida pelo Ministro de Dom José I, Sebastião Joséde Carvalho e Melo, Marquês de Pombal, encontra na oração de Jaquéri deSales uma singular defesa, demonstrando o comércio e as práticas mercantis.Portanto, o preparo de negociantes hábeis e providos de saberes específicosfoi relevante para as reformas pombalinas quando Portugal ainda detinha oexclusivo comercial da mais rentável colônia das Américas. Para uma melhorcompreensão aos leitores, a oração foi transcrita para o português atual, noentanto mantivemos alguns elementos da escrita do texto original, como asvírgulas e iniciais maiúsculas, acreditando que se trata de regras de produçãotextual que enfatizam aspectos relevantes do autor da oração.

  8. The relationship between working conditions and self-rated health among medical doctors: evidence from seven waves of the Medicine In Australia Balancing Employment and Life (Mabel) survey. (United States)

    Milner, Allison; Witt, Katrina; Spittal, Matthew J; Bismark, Marie; Graham, Melissa; LaMontagne, Anthony D


    Psychosocial job stressors, such as low control and high demands, have been found to influence the health and wellbeing of doctors. However, past research in this area has relied on cross-sectional data, which limits causal inferences about the influence of psychosocial job stressors on health. In this study, we examine this relationship longitudinally while also assessing whether the relationship between psychosocial job stressors and health is modified by gender. The data source was seven annual waves of the Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) survey. The outcome was self-rated health (measured using the SF-12), and key exposures reflected job control, job demands, work-life balance variables, employment arrangements, and aggression experienced at work. We used longitudinal fixed and random effects regression models to assess within and between-person changes in health. Excessive job demands, low job control, feelings of not being rewarded at work, and work-life imbalance were associated with higher within-person odds of poorer self-rated health. Gender differences were apparent. For female doctors, work arrangements and work-life imbalance were associated with poorer self-rated health whilst task-based job stressors were associated with poorer self-rated health in male doctors. These results suggest the importance of addressing adverse working environments among doctors. Not applicable.

  9. Archive of Digital Boomer Seismic Reflection Data Collected During USGS Field Activity 96LCA04 in Lakes Mabel and Starr, Central Florida, August 1996 (United States)

    Harrison, Arnell S.; Dadisman, Shawn V.; Swancar, Amy; Tihansky, Ann B.; Flocks, James G.; Wiese, Dana S.


    In August of 1996, the U.S. Geological Survey conducted geophysical surveys of Lakes Mabel and Starr, central Florida, as part of the Central Highlands Lakes project, which is part of a larger USGS Lakes and Coastal Aquifers (LCA) study. This report serves as an archive of unprocessed digital boomer seismic reflection data, trackline maps, navigation files, Geographic Information System (GIS) files, observer's logbook; and formal Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) metadata. Filtered and gained (a relative increase in signal amplitude) digital images of the seismic profiles are also provided. Refer to the Acronyms page for expansions of acronyms and abbreviations used in this report. For detailed information about the hydrologic setting of Lake Starr and the interpretation of some of these seismic reflection data, see Swancar and others (2000) at The archived trace data are in standard Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG) SEG-Y format (Barry and others, 1975) and may be downloaded and processed with commercial or public domain software such as Seismic Unix (SU). Example SU processing scripts and USGS software for viewing the SEG-Y files (Zihlman, 1992) are also provided. The USGS Florida Integrated Science Center (FISC) - St. Petersburg assigns a unique identifier to each cruise or field activity. For example, 96LCA04 tells us the data were collected in 1996 for the Lakes and Coastal Aquifers (LCA) study and the data were collected during the fourth field activity for that project in that calendar year. Refer to for a detailed description of the method used to assign the field activity ID. The boomer plate is an acoustic energy source that consists of capacitors charged to a high voltage and discharged through a transducer in the water. The transducer is towed on a sled floating on the water surface and when

  10. The Performance of Jaques | Voss | Shakespeare in Southern Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    No Abstract. Shakespeare in Southern Africa Vol. 19 2007: pp. 49-62. Full Text: EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Article Metrics. Metrics Loading ... Metrics powered by PLOS ALM · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians ...

  11. From El Billar to Operations Fenix and Jaque: The Colombian Security Force Experience, 1998-2008 (United States)


    577–601. ———. Sostenibilidad De La Seguridad Democratica. Bogotá: Fundadcion Seguridad & Democracia, 23 February 2005. Rempe, Dennis M...Security Force Experience, 1998–2008 Robert D. Ramsey III Occasional Paper 34 Report Documentation Page Form ApprovedOMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting ...Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports , 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be

  12. Aegade ühildumatus : mälukoorem tänapäeva Prantsusmaal / Jaques Revel ; tlk. Indrek Koff

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Revel, Jaques


    Erinevatest ajalookäsitlustest, ajaloojutustuse mudelitest ja nende arengusuundadest ning muutumise vajadusest Prantsusmaal. Artikli aluseks on ettekanne konverentsilt "Ajalugu ja poliitika. Mineviku kasutamisest ja ärakasutamisest" (Tallinn, 14. okt. 2006)

  13. See kummaline kohtumispaik Las Vegas : intervjuu Johnny Deppiga / intervjueerinud Jaques-André Bondy ; tõlkinud Kaia Sisask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Depp, Johnny, 1963-


    Näitleja oma rollist Terry Gilliami mängufilmis "Ratastel Las Vegases" (Suurbritannia-USA, 1998), tõlge ajakirjast "Premiere", 1998, juuni; lisa : A. Ermeli koostatud ülevaade J. Deppi olulisematest filmirollidest

  14. Mabel Lee and Louise Pound: The University of Nebraska's Battle Over Women's Intercollegiate Athletics

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kristi, Lowenthal


    Mirroring a cultural shift that brought the American middle class from the Victorian era into the modern era, women's intercollegiate sports encountered stiff resistance from the two overlapping social groups...

  15. Mabel Lee and Louise Pound: The University of Nebraska's Battle Over Women's Intercollegiate Athletics

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kristi, Lowenthal


    .... Pound flouted Victorian restraints and refused to enter the women's "separate sphere" of household duties, choosing instead to defeat both men and women at golf, tennis, cycling, and a variety of other sports...

  16. Attrition Bias in Panel Data: A Sheep in Wolf's Clothing? A Case Study Based on the Mabel Survey. (United States)

    Cheng, Terence C; Trivedi, Pravin K


    This paper investigates the nature and consequences of sample attrition in a unique longitudinal survey of medical doctors. We describe the patterns of non-response and examine if attrition affects the econometric analysis of medical labour market outcomes using the estimation of physician earnings equations as a case study. We compare the econometric gestimates obtained from a number of different modelling strategies, which are as follows: balanced versus unbalanced samples; an attrition model for panel data based on the classic sample selection model; and a recently developed copula-based selection model. Descriptive evidence shows that doctors who work longer hours, have lower years of experience, are overseas trained and have changed their work location are more likely to drop out. Our analysis suggests that the impact of attrition on inference about the earnings of general practitioners is small. For specialists, there appears to be some evidence for an economically significant bias. Finally, we discuss how the top-up samples in the Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life survey can be used to address the problem of panel attrition. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  17. O decálogo da desconstrução: tradução e desconstrução na obra de Jaques Derrida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Siscar


    Full Text Available

    Este trabalho tem como objetivo traçar um retrato em negativo daquilo que se poderia chamar o método de leitura da desconstrução como ponto de partida para se entender o processo de tradução como forma de constituição do sentido. O estatuto ambivalente da desconstrução tem um correspondente na situação teórica da tradução, na medida em que supõe a diferença constitutiva de toda leitura, implicando uma sobrevivência da língua do outro.

  18. The relationship between working conditions and self-rated health among medical doctors: evidence from seven waves of the Medicine In Australia Balancing Employment and Life (Mabel) survey


    Milner, Allison; Witt, Katrina; Spittal, Matthew J.; Bismark, Marie; Graham, Melissa; LaMontagne, Anthony D.


    Background Psychosocial job stressors, such as low control and high demands, have been found to influence the health and wellbeing of doctors. However, past research in this area has relied on cross-sectional data, which limits causal inferences about the influence of psychosocial job stressors on health. In this study, we examine this relationship longitudinally while also assessing whether the relationship between psychosocial job stressors and health is modified by gender. Methods The data...

  19. Osvaldo Barsky y Mabel Dávila, La rebelión del campo. Historia del conflicto agrario argentino, Editorial Sudamericana, Buenos Aires, 2008, 343 p.


    Sanz Cerbino, Gonzalo


    Una de las consecuencias de la crisis económica mundial que estalló en 2007 fue el espectacular aumento en los precios de las materias primas, especialmente petróleo y alimentos. Este fenómeno dio lugar, durante el año 2008, a una serie de conflictos políticos: varios países presenciaron revueltas de los sectores más pauperizados de la población, particularmente afectados por la suba de precios en alimentos básicos. En la Argentina, el mismo fenómeno dio lugar a una rebelión completamente dif...

  20. Radiation Effects on Ytterbium-doped Optical Fibers (United States)


    conducted on Er- doped fiber amplifiers (Lezius, et al., 2012; Ahrens, et al., 1999; Ahrens, Jaques , LuValle, DiGiovanni, & Windeler, 2001; Ott, 2004...Ahrens, R. G., Abate, J. A., Jaques , J. J., Presby, H. M., Fields, A. B., DiGiovanni, D. J., LuValle, M. J. (1999). Radiation reliability of rare... Jaques , J. J., LuValle, M. J., DiGiovanni, D. J., & Windeler, R. S. (2001). Radiation effects on optical fibers and amplifiers. Testing, Reliability


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Himelda Ramírez


    Full Text Available El texto está estructurado en cuatro partes cada una de ellas conformada por varios artículos expuestos en los seminarios, en las cuales se plantea desde una perspectiva interdisciplinaria, una lectura sobre la construcción histórica de las subjetividades masculinas y femeninas. Tratan como referentes de esa construcción las diferentes formas de familiarización en las culturas que inciden en las nuevas estructuraciones de las masculinidades y las feminidades. Las relaciones de pareja y las relaciones filiales, constituyen los ejes principales de las reflexiones expuestas en el texto. La relectura de algunos de los postulados clásicos de la teoría freudiana, la discusión de las teorías sobre el poder de inspiración foucaultiana y, los desarrollos de la terapia con perspectiva de género, constituyen las principales vertientes de la argumentación.

  2. Osvaldo Barsky y Mabel Dávila. 2008. La rebelión del campo. Historia del conflicto agrario argentino : Buenos Aires: Sudamericana. 352 p.


    Ledesma, Leonardo


    "La rebelión del campo. Historia del conflicto agrario argentino" es un análisis que considera múltiples aspectos del agro argentino y pone un énfasis especial en el conflicto agrario que convulsionó a la sociedad argentina desde el 11 de marzo de 2008 y por más de 128 días. El conflicto se examina desde un plano procesual y se contemplan las diferentes etapas históricas de conformación del sector agropecuario. Los autores sostienen que la región pampeana, principal área económica de la Argen...

  3. Community Dialogue: The Bridge between Individual and Society (United States)

    Wells, Gordon


    In Shakespeare's "As You Like It," Jaques offers the image of the world--or society--as a stage on which "one man in his time plays many parts." The question is: how does he (or she) know how to play those parts? Jaques seems to be suggesting that individuals are the creation of society, and the parts they play are written in…

  4. Concepciones generales sobre evaluación asistencial y económica de la política de utilización de antibióticos en el hospital clinicoquirúrgico docente "Jaquín Albarrán

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Bouza Suárez


    Full Text Available Se exponen los antecedentes, los principios y el método que se debe seguir en la investigación relacionada con la política de utilización de antibióticos con su concepción actual, en la que se pretende llevar el enfoque económico a la misma dimensión cualitativa que el enfoque clínico, para obtener conclusiones en ambas direcciones que puedan ser empleadas como elementos de decisión igualmente importantes en los servicios de salud, particularmente en la prescripción y uso de los antibióticosThe antecedents, principles and the method that must be followed in the investigation connected with the present conception of the drug utilization policy are explained in this paper. This conception tries to bring the economic approach to the same qualitative dimension of the clinical approach in order to reach conclusions in both directions that may be used as elements of decision in the health services, particularly in the prescription and utilization of antibiotics

  5. Relics of a Benedictine Legendary in Scandinavia? Notes on fragments nos. 527-529 from the Royal Library and no. 8302 from the Danish National Archives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Troelsgård, Christian


    as originating from the same codex. Codicological and palaeographical analysis places this codex with hagiographical contents (Bede's prosi-metric life of St Cuthbert and Jonas of Bobbio's account of St. Columban) in the years around 1200. Philological analysis links the version of Bede's life of St Cuthbert...... to a continental tradition rather than directly to an English model. Finally, on the basis of the analysis of the fragments themselves and the circumstances connected with their recycling as covers for the royal customs accounts of Malmø in 1628 it is suggested that the Cluniac monastery of All Saints at Lund...


    ANALYSIS OF RESPIRATORY DEPOSITION OF INHALED AMBIENT AEROSOLS FOR DIFFERENT DOSE METRICS.Chong S. Kim, SC. Hu**, PA Jaques*, US EPA, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711; **IIT Research Institute, Chicago, IL; *South...

  7. Europassioonid / Urmas Kiil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiil, Urmas


    Prantsusmaa president Jaques Chirac tegi ettepaneku korraldada Euroopa Liidu põhiseadusliku leppe projekti üle referendum. Sama plaanivad veel kümmekond riiki. Lahkhelid euroliidus stabiilsuspakti küsimuses


    ANALYSIS OF RESPIRATORY DEPOSITION DOSE OF INHALED AMBIENT AEROSOLS FOR DIFFERENT SIZE FRACTIONS. Chong S. Kim, SC. Hu**, PA Jaques*, US EPA, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711; **IIT Research Institute, Chicago, IL; *S...

  9. Kuidas kujundada tuleviku turismitoodet / Krista Jürisoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürisoo, Krista


    Ettevõtluse Arendamise Sihtasutuse Turismiagentuur korraldas 1. okt. hotellis "Olümpia" Prantsusmaa ja Balti riikide koostööprogrammi raames seminari "Kuidas kujundada tuleviku turismitoodet". Seminari avas Prantsuse suursaadik Eestis Jean Jaques Subrenat

  10. Cognitive Frames of Reference and Strategic Thinking (United States)


    Elliot Jaques and T. 0. Jacobs, whose Stratified Systems Theory (SST) links leadership requirements to organizational functions. SST emphasizes the...Strategic Managers , pp. 6-14. 6. Isenberg, p. 172; Jacobs and Jaques; J. G. Hunt, Toward Leadership Paradigm Expansion. 7. C. J. Whitehead and K. B...reverse if necessary and identify by block number) Using Stratified Systems Theory and the research on expertise as a conceptual framework, this study

  11. Population and breeding success of Red-headed Vulture Sarcogyps ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Campbell Murn

    the population trends of Red-headed and Egyptian Vultures in Nepal, where this study was undertaken. Large-scale surveys of domestic ungulate carcasses (the principal food source of vultures in South Asia) across India indicate that 10-11% of carcasses are contaminated with diclofenac (Cuthbert et al. 2011b).

  12. Observation of a population of Egyptian Vultures Neophron ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Campbell Murn

    Forest between 2013 and 2014 in Karnataka, southern India. ... could affect other animals and humans (Ogada ... Nepal (Cuthbert et al. .... most people are Hindu and therefore .... Bathing behavior and waterhole importance of white-rumped vulture ... strategies in a flock-living bird: movement and social cohesion of hooded.


    CERN Multimedia

    Werner ZAPF; Polling Officer


    The votes for the above-mentioned elections were counted in public at 5.00 p.m. on Thursday, 24 June 1999.The results are as follows: Voting roll553Envelopes returned401\t(73%)Invalid votes9Blank3Valid votes389Electoral GroupNameVotesGroup 2AUTIN BrunoBAILEY, RogerGAROBY, RolandVON RUEDEN, Wolfgang6669118 119Group 5aCUTHBERT, JohnKOULBERG, NicolasLAGRANGE, Thierry13864 138The following persons are elected:One in Group 2: Wolfgang VON RUEDEN, ITOne in Group 5a: John CUTHBERT, PE1)Their mandates are for three years.The Committee now consists of these two newly elected members together with:G. Altarelli,D. Blechschmidt,G. Geschonke,O. Gröbner,J. Richards,L. Rolandi andJ. Schinzel.Werner Zapf, Polling Officer1) Given the ex aequo vote between John Cuthbert and Thierry Lagrange, lots were drawn on 25 June 1999 in the presence of the Polling Officer, the two candidates and members of the NINE. The result was in favour of John Cuthbert.

  14. Distribution and Abundance of the Interior Population of the Least Tern (Sternula Antillarum), 2005; A Review of the First Complete Range-Wide Survey in the Context of Historic and Ongoing Monitoring Efforts (United States)


    Richard A. Fischer and Michael P. Guilfoyle (ERDC-EL). When this study was performed, COL Richard B. Jenkins was Commander and Executive Director of ERDC...Engineers, Tulsa District. 65 pp. Haig, S. M., C. L. Ferland, R. J. Cuthbert, J. Dingledine, J. P. Goossen , A. Hecht, and N. McPhillips. 2005. A

  15. CDC’s Newborn Screening Program - Role of Laboratories

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    When newborn screening started in the U.S. 50 years ago, many questioned whether it was even possible to test every baby born in every state. Today, all states screen babies for at least 29 disorders that can be detected through laboratory testing. In this podcast, Dr. Carla Cuthbert talks about CDC’s Newborn Screening Quality Assurance Program and the role laboratories play in keeping babies healthy.

  16. Dalcroze-Based Improvisation. (United States)

    Abramson, Robert M.


    Described is the Emile Jaques-Dalcroze method of improvisation, which he believed was the study of the direct relations between cerebral commands and muscular interpretations in order to express one's own musical feelings. Performance is propelled by developing the students' powers of sensation, imagination, and memory. (Author/KC)

  17. A Phenomenological Model for Circadian and Sleep Allostatic Modulation of Plasma Cortisol Concentration (United States)


    Spiegel,4 and Jaques Reifman1 1Department of Defense Biotechnology High Performance Computing Software Applications Institute, Telemedicine and...Chicago, Illinois; 3Neuropsychology and Functional Neuroimaging Research Unit, Department of Psychology, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels...Computing Software Applications Institute, Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center, US Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, 504 Scott St

  18. The Phrase of the Phallic Pheminine: Beyond the "Nurturing Mother" in Feminist Composition Pedagogy. (United States)

    Mowery, Diane

    Theories of phallic authority outlined by Jaques Lacan, Sigmund Freud, and Luce Irigaray suggest that one can effectively undo authority only from a position of authority, a position that traps feminists within the very phallic economy they hope to subvert. Attempting to avoid this trap, feminist pedagogues have made a distinction between…

  19. Gas exchange indices how valid are they?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    % oxygen on intrapulmonary shunt in severely traumatized patients. J Trauma 1973; 13: 811-821. 3. Dery A, Pelletier J, Jaques A, Clavet M, Houde J. Alveolar collapse induced by denitrogenation. Can Anaesth Sac J 1965; 12: 531-544. 4.

  20. "The Counties of England": A Nineteenth-Century Geographical Game to Amuse and Instruct (United States)

    Dove, Jane Elizabeth


    This study examines a Victorian geographical card game entitled "The Counties of England" published by Jaques & Son. Advertised as highly instructive and educational, it was designed to teach children about the principal towns in each county, their products and notable buildings. The aims of the study were to discover whether the…

  1. Kuidas kirjutatakse ajalugu? / Jacques Le Goff ; interv. Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Le Goff, Jacques


    Prantsuse ajaloolase ja ajakirja Annales ühe peatoimetaja J. Le Goff'i teostest. Varem. ilm.: Ajalugu, antropoloogia ja imaginaarsus : intervjuu Jaques Le Goffiga // Le Goff, Jacques. Raha või elu : majandus ja religioon keskajal. - Tallinn, 2001. - Lk. 108-126

  2. Demokratiske begivenheder i mellemrum og sprækker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sattrup, Lise


    Deltagelse er forbundet med demokrati, men hvordan er børns demokratiske deltagelsesmuligheder i undervisningssituationer? Denne artikel undersøger sammenhænge mellem demokrati og børns deltagelsesmuligheder i undervisningssituationer på kunstmuseer. Informeret af den franske filosof Jaques...

  3. Writing for Safety. Facilitating a Team Approach to Writing Operating Instructions. ANTA Leading Edge Training Case Study. (United States)

    Serle, Oenone

    The Australian engineering company, Jaques, and Swinburne University of Technology conducted a joint project to write more than 190 operating instructions for the company's 77 employees. First, the university's Workplace Skills Unit (WSU) interviewed 75 production workers to identify their language, literacy, and training needs. The WSU negotiated…

  4. The Work for Pay Exchange in Public School Administration. (United States)

    McGee, William L.; Gibson, R. Oliver

    This study explains assessments of fair pay for public school administrators in terms of some individual, job-related, and contextual variables, and it tests Jaques' hypothesis that time-span of discretion is the unconscious measure of level of work in bureaucracies. Data were gathered primarily through telephone interviews with…



  6. Assessing Expressive Movement: Measuring Student Learning Outcomes in the General Music Classroom (United States)

    Butke, Marla A.


    Expressive movement, created by students to demonstrate musical elements and artistry, provides a valid assessment opportunity for general music teachers. This purposeful movement, "plastique animée", was developed by Swiss composer, Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, in the early 20th century. "Plastique animée" can serve as a useful…

  7. Rationality, Authority and Spindles: An Enquiry into Some Neglected Aspects of Organizational Effectiveness and a Partial Application to Public Schools. (United States)

    Allison, Derek J.

    Focusing on the problem of authority, an analysis of the theories of Max Weber, James D. Thompson, and Elliott Jaques forms the basis for this proposal for improved organizational effectiveness in public schools. Basic assumptions are that modern organizations are established and operated under rational principles and subject to rational analysis,…

  8. Kehatehnika näitlemises IV / Kadi Tudre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tudre, Kadi


    Jaques Copeau näitlejaõppest. Erinevatest harjutustest, mida kasutas Decroux. Kehamiimi tehnika tagamaadest. Artikkel on kokkuvõte magistritööst, mis valmis mais 2007. aastal Eesti Muusika- ja Teatriakadeemias. Tegemist on pikema uurimusega erinevatest kehakasutamise võimalustest näitlemise juures. Algus TMK 2007 nr. 8-9, 12 ja 2008 nr. 2 (järgneb)

  9. alkymi m.v

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Emmeche, Claus


    ), mekanicisme (s. 310), mekanisk naturopfattelse (s. 310), Merton (Robert King) (s. 314), Monod (Jaques) (s. 320), Morris (Charles William) (s. 323-24), Münchhausen-trilemma (s. 324-25), natur (s. 329-30), naturalisme (s. 330), naturfilosofi (s. 331-32), naturlig selektion (s. 332), naturvidenskab (s. 333...

  10. Time Span of Discretion and Administrative Work in School Systems: Results of a Pilot Study. (United States)

    Allison, Derek J.; Morfitt, Grace

    This paper presents findings of a study that utilized Elliott Jaques' theories of organizational depth structure and time span of discretion in administrative work to examine administrators' responsibilities in two Ontario (Canada) school systems. The theory predicts that the time-span of discretion associated with the administrative tasks will…

  11. Gazprom lõhub Peterburi silueti pilvedeni / Ave Randviir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randviir, Ave, 1981-


    Gazprom City ärikvartali arhitektuurikonkursil osalejate seas oli kuulsaid arhitekte nagu Jaques Herzog ja Pierre de Meuron, Massimiliano Fuksas, Daniel Libeskind, Jean Nouvel, Rem Koolhaas, Richard Rodgers ja Suurbritannia arhitektuuribüroo RMJM. Peterburi Arhitektide Liidu arvates hävitab kavandatav pilvelõhkuja linna ajaloolise silueti

  12. Essays on the Intellect. (United States)

    Link, Frances R., Ed.

    There has been a flood of publications concerned with the teaching of thinking and problem solving, a great many exploring definitions and approaches to instruction. This book explores the implications of recent theoretical positions as in the work of Elliott Jaques, Joseph Walters, and Howard Gardner; examines the long interest and study of…

  13. Prantsusmaa tähistas Bastille' vallutamist paraadiga / Vahur Koorits

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koorits, Vahur, 1981-


    Prantsusmaa tähtsaima riigipüha tähistamisest. Sõjaväeparaadist, president Jaques Chiraci teleintervjuust ja rahvapidustustest. Lisa: Bastille kindluse vallutamine 1789. Vt. samas: Prantsusmaa paneb Euroopa põhiseaduse rahvahääletusele

  14. Rokkivad vanadekodud / Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-


    Vanurite hooldekodude arhitektuurist. Harmoonia Maja (arhitekt Vlad Alexandru Gaivoronschi) Rumeenias, De Rokade põetus- ja hoolduskodu (Arons en Gelauff Architecten) Hollandis, büroo Andrés Jaque Arquitectos kavandatud vanadekodu Hispaanias, Atelier Zündel & Cristea projekteeritud vanadekodu Prantsusmaal

  15. Gender, British Administration and Mission Management of Education in Zambia 1900-1939 (United States)

    Allen, Julia


    This article discusses the impact of including gender in the analytical framework in a study of the management and provision of education in Zambia from 1900 to 1939. It shows that a focus on gender allows females to enter the historical narrative and the leadership of women such as Mabel Shaw, Hannah Frances Davidson and Julia Smith can be given…

  16. Power, Desire and Emotions in Education: Revisiting the Epistolary Narratives of Three Women in Apartheid South Africa (United States)

    Tamboukou, Maria


    In this paper I will attempt to consider emotions in the context of three womens lives, whose passion for education brought them together and then tore them apart along axes of difference defined by race, class and age in apartheid South Africa. I am looking in particular into the correspondence between Lily Moya, Mabel Palmer, and Sibusisiwe…

  17. Kontseptuaalne ja liikumispõhine nüüdistants Täiskuu tantsufestivalil Soomes / Evelin Lagle

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lagle, Evelin, 1986-


    Tantsufestivalist "Täudenkuun Tanssit" (Full Moon Dance Festival). Tantsulavastustest - Tommi Kitti "Riff", Jyrki Karttuneni "Situation Room", Kenneth Kvanströmi "Destruction Song", Liisa Petti "Mabel or the Gueen of Bones", Elina Pirineni "A Friend of the Pianist", Johanna Tuukkaneni "Outstanding Performance" ja Palle Granhoj sooloetendus "(...It's a Very Big Secret...)"

  18. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 100 of 257 ... Vol 22, No 1 (2012), Awareness and Incidence of Plagiarism among Undergraduates in a Nigerian Private University, Abstract. Y T Babalola. Vol 12, No 2 (2002), Book Publishing Patterns in Uganda: Challenges and Prospects, Abstract. Stephen M. Mutula, Mabel M.T. Nakitto. Vol 15, No 1 (2005), Book ...

  19. CDC’s Newborn Screening Program - Role of Laboratories

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts


    When newborn screening started in the U.S. 50 years ago, many questioned whether it was even possible to test every baby born in every state. Today, all states screen babies for at least 29 disorders that can be detected through laboratory testing. In this podcast, Dr. Carla Cuthbert talks about CDC’s Newborn Screening Quality Assurance Program and the role laboratories play in keeping babies healthy.  Created: 9/3/2013 by National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH).   Date Released: 9/3/2013.

  20. Further calculations for REBEKA-6 (ISP-14)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sweet, D.W.; Haste, T.J.


    Sensitivity of clad ballooning to the details of the thermal-hydraulics transient were studied using TRAC-PD2 to calculate thermal hydraulic conditions in the absence of clad ballooning. These provide boundary conditions for subsequent MABEL-2D analyses of clad deformation. Calculations predict a sharp clad temperature reduction when the bottom volume of the model quenches, followed by a further increase of almost 100 0 C, followed in turn by a steady temperature reduction. Timing and magnitude of the initial temperature fall significantly influence clad deformation. Quenching in the lower meshes is in turn dependent on the core base clad temperature, and to investigate the importance of clad temperature near the base of the core, both TRAC calculations have been repeated with the start of the heat-up of the bottom volume delayed by 20s. MABEL-2 analyses complete the sensitivity studies. (UK)

  1. Big Data – Big Deal for Organization Design?


    Janne J. Korhonen


    Analytics is an increasingly important source of competitive advantage. It has even been posited that big data will be the next strategic emphasis of organizations and that analytics capability will be manifested in organizational structure. In this article, I explore how analytics capability might be reflected in organizational structure using the notion of  “requisite organization” developed by Jaques (1998). Requisite organization argues that a new strategic emphasis requires the addition ...

  2. Biofilm Formation Mechanisms of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Predicted via Genome-Scale Kinetic Models of Bacterial Metabolism (United States)


    RESEARCH ARTICLE Biofilm Formation Mechanisms of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Predicted via Genome-Scale Kinetic Models of Bacterial Metabolism Francisco Abstract A hallmark of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is its ability to establish biofilm -based infections that are difficult to...eradicate. Biofilms are less susceptible to host inflammatory and immune responses and have higher antibiotic tolerance than free-living planktonic

  3. The reaction force: Three key points along an intrinsic reaction ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Peter Politzer1 Alejandro Toro-Labbé2 Soledad Gutiérrez-Oliva2 Bárbara herrera2 Pablo Jaque2 Monica C Concha1 Jane S Murray1. Department of Chemistry, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA 70148 USA; Laboratorio de Química Teórica Computacional (QTC), Departamento de Química Física, Facultad de ...

  4. The Corporations Act 2001


    Bostock, Tom


    The author outlines reforms made in Australia in the area of company law with an analysis of the Corporations Act 2001, which along with the Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 2001 comprises Corporations legislation in Australia. Article by Tom Bostock (a partner in the law firm Mallesons Stephen Jaques, Melbourne, Australia). Published in Amicus Curiae - Journal of the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies and its Society for Advanced Legal Studies. The Journal is produced by...

  5. Plan Colombia: A Case For Political Warfare To Defeat Transnational Criminal Organizations In The Gray Zone (United States)


    2014.pdf. 14 Michael C. Kenney, “Outsmarting the State: A Comparative Case Study of the Learning Capacity of Colombian Drug Trafficking...outsmartingstate00kenn#page/n11/mode/2up. Michael C. Kenney conducted a study on learning organizations and determined that the Colombian drug...involvement to training and advising Colombian security forces. The Combat Studies Institute published From El Billar to Operations Fenix and Jaque: The

  6. Prehospital Heart Rate and Blood Pressure Increase the Positive Predictive Value of the Glasgow Coma Scale for High-Mortality Traumatic Brain Injury (United States)


    States, J.D., and Mango , N.K. (1999). Abbreviated injury scale unification: the case for a unified injury system for global use . J. Trauma 47, 309...Andrew Reisner,1,2 Xiaoxiao Chen,1 Kamal Kumar,1 and Jaques Reifman1 Abstract We hypothesized that vital signs could be used to improve the...logistic regression models and, using DeLong’s test, compared their area under receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC AUCs) for three outcomes


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abd. Ghofur


    Full Text Available This article is a little result done by the writer, in which critical analisys discourse study as a tool to learn literature. It is Kenzaburo Oe’s writing, a Japan writer who got Pulitzer or noble in literature. It employs Jaques Derrida deconstructive theory, while the researcher focuses on binary opposition.  When deconstruction used, it will expose inside of the text, furthermore it produces other meaning or different point of view from the real text.

  8. Mining Host-Pathogen Protein Interactions to Characterize Burkholderia mallei Infectivity Mechanisms (United States)


    the cytoskeleton, in lysosomes , and in the nuclear lumen. These results were consistent with the experimentally observed pathogen interference with...RESEARCH ARTICLE Mining Host- Pathogen Protein Interactions to Characterize Burkholderia mallei Infectivity Mechanisms Vesna Memišević1, Nela...Bacteriology Division, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases , Fort Detrick, Maryland, United States of America * jaques.reifman.civ

  9. Computational Study of Thrombus Formation and Clotting Factor Effects under Venous Flow Conditions (United States)


    domain used in our thrombus formation simulations. Fig. 2 B shows the 3D geometry of the flow-chamber section consisting of two channels measuring 250 60...ArticleComputational Study of Thrombus Formation and Clotting Factor Effects under Venous Flow ConditionsVijay Govindarajan,1 Vineet Rakesh,1 Jaques...understanding of thrombus formation as a physicochemical process that has evolved to protect the integrity of the human vasculature is critical to our ability to

  10. “Ni vecinos ni compañeros: asambleistas” Trayectorias y prácticas políticas en las asambleas de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matías Triguboff


    Full Text Available “Ni vecinos ni compañeros: asambleistas” Trayectorias y prácticas políticas en las asambleas de la Ciudad de Buenos AiresTesis de doctorado: Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Universidad de Buenos AiresDirectora: Dra. Mabel GrimbergCo-director: Dr. Juan Manuel Abal MedinaFecha de defensa: 26 de Junio de 2008

  11. Adding support to cross-cultural emotional assessment: Validation of the International Affective Picture System in a Chilean sample

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Mayol Troncoso


    Full Text Available The present study aimed to obtain a valid set of images of the International Affective Picture System (Lang, Bradley, & Cuthbert, 2005 –a widely used instrumentation in emotion research- in a Chilean sample, as well as to compare these results with those obtained from the US study in order to contribute to its cross-cultural validation. A sample of 135 college students assessed 188 pictures according to standard instructions in valence and arousal dimensions. The results showed the expected organization of affectivity, with main variations between sex in valence judgments, and differences between countries in the arousal dimension. It is concluded that the Chilean adaptation of the IAPS is consistent with previous evidence, adding support to it cross-cultural validity.

  12. Reshaping clinical science: Introduction to the Special Issue on Psychophysiology and the NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative. (United States)

    Patrick, Christopher J; Hajcak, Greg


    The National Institute of Mental Health's (NIMH) Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative seeks to establish new dimensional conceptions of mental health problems, through the investigation of clinically relevant "process" constructs that have neurobiological as well as psychological referents. This special issue provides a detailed overview of the RDoC framework by NIMH officials Michael Kozak and Bruce Cuthbert, and spotlights RDoC-oriented investigative efforts by leading psychophysiological research groups as examples of how clinical science might be reshaped through application of RDoC principles. Accompanying commentaries highlight key aspects of the work by each group, and discuss reported methods/findings in relation to promises and challenges of the RDoC initiative more broadly. © 2016 Society for Psychophysiological Research.


    CERN Multimedia

    HR Division


    For the present staff review, the advisory bodies set up to prepare recommendations are composed as follows:Senior Staff Advancement Committee (SSAC)D. Treille / EP (Convener)C. Benvenuti / ESTD. O. Williams /ITTechnical Engineers & Administrative Careers Committee (TEACC) C. Hauviller / EPL. Leistam / ESTS. Jarp / IT [Chairman]F. Pedersen / PSR. Lauckner / SLC. Roche / ETTLong-term contract Boards (LTCBs) (Categories 2 &5a)Tiziano Camporesi / EP [Convener]Florence Ranjard / EP\t[Alternate]Jacques Gruber / PSPeter Sievers / LHCThomas Pettersson / ESTMichel Mayoud / ESTSue Foffano / ASThierry Lagrange / SPLWerner Zapf / HR (Secretary) LTCB 2(Categories 3, 4, 5b & 5c)Véronique Paris / SL [Convener]Fabien Pérriolat / PS\t [Alternate]Mats Wilhelmsson / STVéronique Fassnacht / TISLucie Linssen / EPMichel Mayoud / ESTPatrick Geeraert / FIJohn Cuthbert / HRSeamus Hegarty / HR (Secretary) Composition of the Joint Training Board (JT...

  14. La cultura digital en la formación de diseñadores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Hamuy


    Full Text Available La sociedad de la información pone en jaque el modelo clásico, más aún en una profesión como el diseño, donde el papel de la técnica es muy grande. Si a esto sumamos la brecha generacional que esta revolución tecnológica ha producido, tendremos al menos dos componentes de tensión en el desarrollo del curriculum.

  15. El análisis económico del derecho de autor y del copyright, un estudio del equilibrio entre los intereses público y privado


    Ana María Pérez Gómez Tétrel


    La propiedad intelectual ha sido concebida para responder, tanto a la necesidad de protección del autor de una obra del intelecto, como al beneficio que la sociedad pueda sacar del acceso a dichas creaciones intelectuales, generando así un equilibrio entre los diferentes actores. Los sistemas digitales de comunicación han puesto en jaque dicho equilibrio. Conviene preguntarse ¿es capaz la protección otorgada por el derecho a la creación intelectual, de establecer un equilibrio en las relacion...

  16. "Viimne reliikvia" ja "Valgus koordis" : žanrifilmist žanrifilmini / Lauri Kärk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kärk, Lauri, 1954-


    Žanrifilmi mõistmisest, 1960-ndate žanriuuendustest. Kahest eesti žanrifilmist: "Viimne reliikvia" (1969) ja "Valgus Koordis" (1951). Artikli järjes kõrvutatakse "Viimset reliikviat" Paul-Eerik Rummo "Tuhkatriinumänguga" (Vanemuises 1969., lavastaja E. Hermaküla). Sarnaseid jooni ka "Viimse reliikvia" ja teiste žanrifilmidega, pikemalt filmidest: Kaljo Kiisa "Hullumeelsus" (1968), Christian-Jaque'i "Tulp-Fanfanil" (Prantsusmaa, 1951), Tony Richardsoni "Tom Jones" (Inglismaa, 1963), Edmond Keosajani "Tabamatud tasujad" (Venemaa, 1966), Vytaytas Žalakeviciuse "Keegi ei tahtnud surra" (Leedu, 1965), Arthur Penni "Bonnie ja Clyde"

  17. Parameters. U.S. Army War College Quarterly. Volume 20, Number 3, September 1990 (United States)


    been able to repair the deficiencies of the strategic hamlets program-a slender reed upon which to rest American policy. Even more basically, Colby...Campaign. New York: Pocket Books. 1990. 300 pp. $4.95 (paper). 128 Parameters -U.S. G.P.O. 1990-704-081,20003 From the Archives William Shakespeare on...lexicon. It is interesting to recall that Shakespeare (1564-1616), in a famous rumination on the Seven Ages of Man as spoken by the character Jaques

  18. Concert club

    CERN Multimedia


    CERN MEYRIN (terminus bus 56-CERN) entrée B - bâtiment 500 - amphithéâtre mardi 9 mars 2010 à 20 h 30 Le trio «Impressions» avec Liliane Jaques, flûte traversière Isabelle Martin-Achard, harpe John Devore, violoncelle Au programme : Bolling, Dewey, Ibert, Vellon, Vellones, Molnar, Andres * * * * * mardi 16 mars 2010 à 20 h 30 Irina Chkourindina, piano Au programme : Chopin, Liszt, Schumann * * * * * vendredi 19 mars 2010 à 20 h 30 Pascal Salomon, piano Au programme : J. Brahms, F.Chopin, M. Ravel, S. Rachmaninoff * * * * * ...

  19. Die Leiden des jungen Werthers: Den unge Werthers lidelser


    Wibe, Henriette Nøddebo; Mathiassen, Jonas Bundgaard; Villadsen, Line Møgelvang; Aeppli, Jon Marius Brogaard; Hvidtfeldt, Sidi Sami Idrissi; Jakobsen, Mathias Simonsen


    This project investigate the philosophical influence of Jean-Jaques Rousseau’s Discours sur I’origine et les fondemens de I’inégalité parmi les hommes on Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s Die Leiden des jungen Werthers. The concepts of the natural and conscious man that are set forth in the second Discours are compared to Werthers dualistic selfhood and the influence this has on the understanding of the narrative of Werther. Furthermore the project assesses the extent to which the revised 1787 ver...

  20. Theatrical Complicity as a Medium of Emancipation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Thomas Rosendal


    How do we find a solution when we ourselves are the problem? This is the question posed by two contemporary performances that frame the spectator as an accomplice in the exploitation and representation of suffering and violence in a globalized and mediatized world: Sálo (2010), based on Pier Paolo...... are analysed and compared as elaborately structured games of observation, where the spectators are made to observe their own acts of spectating as complicity in the reproduction of violence caused by theatrical representation. Jaques Rancière’s paradox of the spectator and Josette Féral’s concept...

  1. Foreword

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanny MOULIN


    Full Text Available Orlando looking at Jaque's reverberated image: “Which I take to be either a fool or a cipher.” ( As You Like It III.ii 279Melancholia posits the intersection of the biological and the symbolic, ambivalently motivating and undermining the imaginary (viz. for example, Kristeva's “On the melancholic imaginary”. That reverberates across history in assessments of loss, mourning and absence. “Acedia,” the radical melancholy of the Egyptian monks of early Christianity, the “noontime demon” of slot...

  2. Asian-Australian Writers: Bridging the Gap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amelberga Vita Astuti


    Full Text Available Artikel ini membahas tentang wawancara (dengan, tulisan, dan karya sastra oleh para penulis wanita migran di Australia yang berasal dari negara-negara di Asia Tenggara. Tulisan ini meneliti kehidupan para penulis ketika tinggal di Australia, yang memiliki perbedaan budaya, sosial dan politik dengan negara asli mereka. Menggunakan gagasan cultural identity and diaspora dari Stuart Hall dan conditional hospitality dari Jaques Derrida, artikel ini mengungkap peran penting penulis migran dalam menjembatani perbedaan antara budaya timur dan barat. Analisis artikel menunjukkan bahwa identitas budaya mereka berubah untuk memperkecil jarak perbedaan dan proses perubahan ini terwujud dalam tulisan mereka.

  3. Concert Club

    CERN Document Server

    Concert Club


    CERN MEYRIN (terminus bus 56-CERN) Entrée B - Bâtiment 500 - Amphithéâtre Mardi 26 janvier à 20 h 30 Le quintette Liliane JAQUES, flûte traversière Jade AZKOUL, guitare Gaëlle POIRIER, accordéon Mirella VEDEVA, contrebasse Gueorgui POPOV, piano Au programme Portraits d’Astor PIAZZOLLA Entrée libre Nos concerts sur notre site : et sur les sites : et

  4. "Wer wagt hier Theorie zu fordern": aspects théoriques du timbre chez Arnold Schönberg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frédéric de Buzon


    Full Text Available Schönberg’s Harmonielehre finishes on the evocation of the melody of timbre (Klangfarbenmelodie. The aim of this article is to analyse the function of timbre in relation to musical theory by establishing a parallel between the positions expressed by Schönberg and preceding classical positions, namely Jean-Jaques Rousseau’s definition of timbre and Leibniz’s concept of “clear and confused” ideas. Operating in this context, what will be shown is that timbre, according to Leibniz’s description, is a distinguishing, yet undistinguished, quality and that, precisely for this reason, timbre has a limited function in composition.


    CERN Document Server

    Concert club


    CERN MEYRIN (terminus bus 56-CERN) entrée B - bâtiment 500 - amphithéâtre Mardi 19 janvier 2010 à 20 h 30 Klaus MAURER violon Joanna BRZEZINSKA piano Au programme : Chopin, Rodrigo * * * * * Mardi 26 janvier 2010 à 20 h 30 Le quintette Liliane JAQUES flûte traversière Jade AZKOUL guitare Gaëlle POIRIER accordéon Mirella VEDEVA contrebasse Gueorgui POPOV piano Au programme : Portraits d’Astor Piazzlla   entrée libre Nos concerts sur notre site : et sur les sites : et

  6. Resumen de tesis. La trata de seres humanos con fines de explotación sexual a partir de la reforma operada por LO 5/2010, de 22 de junio: enfoque victimocéntrico de la actuación policial


    Martín Ancín, Francisco


    [ES]Hablar de una nueva forma de esclavitud, en estos tiempos, puede resultar extraño para muchas personas. Sin embargo, la trata no es otra cosa; bien claro lo dice el diccionario de la Real Academia: Trata: Tráfico que consiste en vender seres humanos como esclavos. La trata de personas, conocida como la esclavitud del siglo XXI, atenta frontalmente contra los valores superiores de nuestro ordenamiento jurídico, poniendo en jaque un bien tan preciado como es el de la dignidad humana. Los a...

  7. Subsurface Scattered Photons: Friend or Foe? Improving visible light laser altimeter elevation estimates, and measuring surface properties using subsurface scattered photons (United States)

    Greeley, A.; Kurtz, N. T.; Neumann, T.; Cook, W. B.; Markus, T.


    Photon counting laser altimeters such as MABEL (Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar) - a single photon counting simulator for ATLAS (Advanced Topographical Laser Altimeter System) - use individual photons with visible wavelengths to measure their range to target surfaces. ATLAS, the sole instrument on NASA's upcoming ICESat-2 mission, will provide scientists a view of Earth's ice sheets, glaciers, and sea ice with unprecedented detail. Precise calibration of these instruments is needed to understand rapidly changing parameters such as sea ice freeboard, and to measure optical properties of surfaces like snow covered ice sheets using subsurface scattered photons. Photons that travel through snow, ice, or water before scattering back to an altimeter receiving system travel farther than photons taking the shortest path between the observatory and the target of interest. These delayed photons produce a negative elevation bias relative to photons scattered directly off these surfaces. We use laboratory measurements of snow surfaces using a flight-tested laser altimeter (MABEL), and Monte Carlo simulations of backscattered photons from snow to estimate elevation biases from subsurface scattered photons. We also use these techniques to demonstrate the ability to retrieve snow surface properties like snow grain size.

  8. Generating High-Resolution Lake Bathymetry over Lake Mead using the ICESat-2 Airborne Simulator (United States)

    Li, Y.; Gao, H.; Jasinski, M. F.; Zhang, S.; Stoll, J.


    Precise lake bathymetry (i.e., elevation/contour) mapping is essential for optimal decision making in water resources management. Although the advancement of remote sensing has made it possible to monitor global reservoirs from space, most of the existing studies focus on estimating the elevation, area, and storage of reservoirs—and not on estimating the bathymetry. This limitation is attributed to the low spatial resolution of satellite altimeters. With the significant enhancement of ICESat-2—the Ice, Cloud & Land Elevation Satellite #2, which is scheduled to launch in 2018—producing satellite-based bathymetry becomes feasible. Here we present a pilot study for deriving the bathymetry of Lake Mead by combining Landsat area estimations with airborne elevation data using the prototype of ICESat-2—the Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar (MABEL). First, an ISODATA classifier was adopted to extract the lake area from Landsat images during the period from 1982 to 2017. Then the lake area classifications were paired with MABEL elevations to establish an Area-Elevation (AE) relationship, which in turn was applied to the classification contour map to obtain the bathymetry. Finally, the Lake Mead bathymetry image was embedded onto the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) Digital Elevation Model (DEM), to replace the existing constant values. Validation against sediment survey data indicates that the bathymetry derived from this study is reliable. This algorithm has the potential for generating global lake bathymetry when ICESat-2 data become available after next year's launch.

  9. Prospects of the ICESat-2 Laser Altimetry Mission for Savanna Ecosystem Structural Studies Based on Airborne Simulation Data (United States)

    Gwenzi, David; Lefsky, Michael A.; Suchdeo, Vijay P.; Harding, David J.


    The next planned spaceborne lidar mission is the Ice, Cloud and land Elevation Satellite 2 (ICESat-2), which will use the Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter System (ATLAS) sensor, a photon counting technique. To pre-validate the capability of this mission for studying three dimensional vegetation structure in savannas, we assessed the potential of the measurement approach to estimate canopy height in an oak savanna landscape. We used data from the Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar (MABEL), an airborne photon counting lidar sensor developed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. ATLAS-like data was generated using the MATLAS simulator, which adjusts MABEL data's detected number of signal and noise photons to that expected from the ATLAS instrument. Transects flown over the Tejon ranch conservancy in Kern County, California, USA were used for this work. For each transect we chose to use data from the near infrared channel that had the highest number of photons. We segmented each transect into 50 m, 25 m and 14 m long blocks and aggregated the photons in each block into a histogram based on their elevation values. We then used an automated algorithm to identify cut off points where the cumulative density of photons from the highest elevation indicates the presence of the canopy top and likewise where such cumulative density from the lowest elevation indicates the mean terrain elevation. MABEL derived height metrics were moderately correlated to discrete return lidar (DRL) derived height metrics r(sub 2) and RMSE values ranging from 0.60 to 0.73 and 2.9 m to 4.4 m respectively) but MATLAS simulation resulted in more modest correlations with DRL indices r(sub 2) ranging from 0.5 to 0.64 and RMSE from 3.6 m to 4.6 m). Simulations also indicated that the expected number of signal photons from ATLAS will be substantially lower, a situation that reduces canopy height estimation precision especially in areas of low density vegetation cover. On the basis of the

  10. Passion Plays: The Dominican Diaspora in Waddys Jáquez’s P.A.R.G.O.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja Horn


    Full Text Available This article analyzes how the play P.A.R.G.O. (2001, written, directed, and performed by the Dominican Waddys Jáquez represents the contemporary experience of the Dominican diaspora. Jaquéz himself forms part of a new generation of diasporic artists who frequently return “home,” to the Dominican Republic, and who, unlike the previous generation of diasporic artists and writers, continue to find their most valuable audience there. This tendency towards an increasing interconnectivity between diaspora and homeland is represented and a/effectively reinforced in P.A.R.G.O. The play brings the experience of the diaspora close to home for the audience, not by compelling them to identify with the characters’ particular identities, but rather by placing center stage their ongoing negotiations and “making do” with personal and economic difficulties that define their lives both at home and abroad.

  11. "Kids not rights, is their craving": sex education, gay rights, and the threat of gay teachers. (United States)

    Graydon, Michael


    In July 1977, the Ontario Humans Rights Commission recommended adding sexual orientation to the Code. This move was generally supported but Toronto newspapers and evangelists sought assurances that school boards could still dismiss homosexual teachers. They demanded children be shielded from gay teachers, who they accused of sexual predation. I historically link this to a reenergized fear of homosexuals which emerged during Toronto sex education debates in the 1970s. Later, influenced by Anita Bryant's Save the Children crusade, Toronto newspapers and evangelists argued gay teachers were the dangerous effect of gay rights. After the 1977 murder of Emanuel Jaques and the publication of Gerald Hannon's "Men Loving Boys, Loving Men" article, anti-gay sentiment in Toronto exploded, temporarily halting the progress of gay rights.

  12. The pedagogical emancipation of Jacques Rancière and the theater of the oppressed as a re-distribution of the sensible

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Augusto Boal Costa Gomes


    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to demonstrate how Jaques Rancière’s pedagogical theory, intellectual emancipation, esthetics and politics as used as a basis to understand the Theater of the Oppressed as a form of re-distribution of the sensible inside contemporary society. The Theater of the Oppressed practices, able to provide social and political emancipation with esthetical resources, can renew the ways of sensible appropriation, as well as the snip of this appropriation. The “intelligentsia equality” assumption, allied to several mechanisms that can give the oppressed people the artistic means of production, will be exposed here as a voice capable of answering the contemporary challenges of political emancipation. This article has the intention to articulate an interdisciplinary perspective, because it works with conceptions from politics, philosophy, theater and education.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terezinha Petrucia da Nóbrega

    Full Text Available RESUMO: Este ensaio apresenta uma leitura transversal da obra de Georges Hébert e de Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, considerando as relações entre corpo, expressão e educação na natureza. Nesse movimento, a educação faz a passagem da natureza à cultura e da cultura à natureza, ecologizando-se. Assim, o naturismo presente em ambos os estudos funda e atualiza os princípios da ecologia corporal, que envolve o interior de nós, mas também o exterior, em um processo de educação intercorpóreo que envolve o próprio corpo e o corpo do mundo.

  14. Critique to the contemporaneous cynic reason: life and learning relationship review.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Milena Peñuela Contreras


    Full Text Available In the present article it is proposed to think about life and learning relationship from the turn produced by the introduction of the cynical reason in the contemporaneous societies. Three stages form this writing. In the first one, the ways of functioning of the critique to the cynical reason, from Sloterdjik and Deleuze, are contextualized. In the second one, the implications of such cynical reason, designated by Sloterdjik as reversion of the life’s effects on the learning and their relationship are discussed. And in the third one, the Jacotot’s experience, reconstructed by Jaques Ranciere, is picked up in order to give other senses and understandings to today’s life-learning relationship.

  15. Mobilization and Defense Management Technical Reports Series. Mobilization Studies Program Report: Coordinated Policy for the Aircraft Industry. (United States)


    Lectures , Seminars and Visits Interviews Miduael Aho and William Taylor, U.S. Senator Bill Bradley’s Office Sally Bath, parztent of Camnerce Jaques S...adverse asrectS to t!.ns situation. 7n a-:da;::o to becomin~ A-erndent-- infrein -. en ~et here s the danzer of *jnwan~ed tecnrnc’ozY transfer. ’ ecauze of...atattai of 11 14Y timl.I sua ha t fle ; resewill t of 1941 smQl ws alMountw1s to S&L50. Product group "eet 4Te .8-󈧬el@ tie tG181lL * k -a.j anl

  16. Fuel rod behaviour during transients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bilsby, C.F.; Haste, T.J.; Garlick, A.; Cameron, R.F.


    The clad deformation code CANSWELL-2 is described. This is used, either as a stand-alone code or within MABEL-2, to predict and analyse the results of LOCA simulations in the Halden and NRU reactors and in the KfK and PROPAT rigs. Experimental evidence on fuel behaviour in RIA, PCM and ATWS events is presented with inclusion of certain FRAP-T5 results. Published calculations from the accident codes FRAP-T4 and FRAP-T5 are compared with experimental results in simulated loss of coolant tests in the Power Burst Facility. The limitations of this code in its treatment of RIA, PCM and ATWS events are considered. (U.K.)

  17. The effect of hot spots upon swelling of Zircaloy cladding as modelled by the code CANSWEL-2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haste, T.J.; Gittus, J.H.


    The code CANSWEL-2 models cladding creep deformation under conditions relevant to a loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) in a pressurised-water reactor (PWR). It can treat azimuthal non-uniformities in cladding thickness and temperature, and model the mechanical restraint imposed by the nearest neighbouring rods, including situations where cladding is forced into non-circular shapes. The physical and mechanical models used in the code are presented. Applications of the code are described, both as a stand-alone version and as part of the PWR LOCA code MABEL-2. Comparison with a limited number of relevant out-of-reactor creep strain experiments has generally shown encouraging agreement with the data. (author)

  18. CANSWEL-2: a computer model of the creep deformation of Zircaloy cladding under loss-of-coolant accident conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haste, T.J.


    The CANSWEL-2 code models cladding creep deformation under conditions relevant to a loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) in a pressurised water reactor (PWR). It considers in detail the centre rod of a 3 x 3 nominally square array, taking into account azimuthal non-uniformities in cladding thickness and temperature, and the mechanical restraint imposed on contact with neighbouring rods. Any of the rods in the array may assume a non-circular shape. Models are included for primary and secondary creep, dynamic phase change and superplasticity when both alpha- and beta-phase Zircaloy are present. A simple treatment of oxidation strengthening is incorporated. Account is taken of the anisotropic creep behaviour of alpha-phase Zircaloy which leads to cladding bowing. The CANSWEL-2 model is used both as a stand-alone code and also as part of the LOCA analysis code MABEL-2. (author)

  19. Large-break LOCA studies. Computational analysis of clad ballooning and thermohydraulics in a PWR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ammirabile, L.; Walker, S.


    A new multi-pin model of the re-flood phase of a large break loss of coolant accident has been created through the dynamic coupling between the thermal-hydraulic code RELAP5 and multiple instances of the single-pin thermal-mechanics code MABEL. After a brief description of the codes and their linkage, a series of tests to assess the capabilities of the linked codes is described, and their results analysed. It is shown that the current coupled multi-pin code is a stable and reliable tool for ballooning transient analysis. A complete validation process with the simulation of the MT-3 test in the NRU reactor at Chalk River is in progress.(author)

  20. 11. Traditional and Innovative Methods in Approaching Music Styles. Pedagogical Implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iaţeşen Loredana Viorica


    Full Text Available The approach to music styles entails an in-depth musicological analysis aimed at synthesizing numerous bibliographical sources belonging to different fields and directions of research. A chronological overview of studies (Jean Molino, Fait musical et sémiologie de la musique, 1975; Jean Jaques Nattiez, Quelques reflexions du style, 1993; R. J. Pascall, Style, in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 1994; Jean Jaques Nattiez, La musique de l’avenir, in Musique. Une Encyclopédie pour le XXI siècle, 2003; Mario Baroni, Stil şi mutaţii stilistice în tradiţia muzicală europeană, in Musique Une encyclopédie pour le XXI siècle, 2006 and of universal (Leonard Meyer, Explaining Music, 1973; Charles Rosen, Le style classique: Haydn. Mozart, Beethoven, 1978; Leonard B. Meyer, Style and Music. Theory, History and Ideology, 1989; and Romanian specialised literature (Cornel Ţăranu, Elemente de stilistică muzicală (sec. XX, 1981; Edgar Papu, Despre stiluri, 1986; Valentina Sandu-Dediu, Alegeri Atitudini Afecte, 2010; Vasile Iliuţ, O carte a stilurilor muzicale, 2011; Valentin Timaru, Stilistică muzicală, 2014 from the late 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century, reveal the different and, more often than not, contrasting views of historians, analysts, aestheticians, philosophers, scholars and educators, starting from the meaning of the very idea of style, to the reception of this phenomenon in contemporaneity. On these grounds, this study proposes a systematization of the most relevant landmarks in documentation to date, for the purpose of applying them from a didactic perspective.

  1. Affective reactivity differences in pregnant and postpartum women. (United States)

    Rosebrock, Laina; Hoxha, Denada; Gollan, Jackie


    Reactions to emotional cues, termed affective reactivity, promote adaptation and survival. Shifts in affective reactivity during pregnancy and postpartum may invoke altered responses to environmental and biological changes. The development and testing of affective reactivity tasks, with published normative ratings for use in studies of affective reactivity, has been based on responses provided by healthy college students. A comparison of the healthy norms with ratings provided by peripartum women has yet to be conducted, despite its value in highlighting critical differences in affective reactivity during peripartum phases. This study compared arousal ratings of unpleasant, neutral, pleasant, and threat stimuli from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS; Lang, P.J., Bradley, M.M., Cuthbert, B.N. 2008. International Affective Picture System (IAPS): Affective Ratings of Pictures and Instruction Manual (Technical Report A-8). University of Florida, Gainseville, FL.) between three samples: (a) women measured during pregnancy and again at postpartum, (b) age-matched nonpregnant women, and (c) college-aged women from the normative sample used to test the stimuli. Using mixed-design GLMs, results showed that the pregnant and postpartum women and the age-matched women showed suppressed arousal relative to the college-age women. Additionally, postpartum women showed increased arousal to unpleasant/threat images compared to other types of images. The data suggest that future research on peripartum women should include affective reactivity tasks based on norms reflective of this specific population. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Deep questions about the nature of early-life signals: a commentary on Lister (1673) ‘A description of certain stones figured like plants’ (United States)

    Brasier, Martin


    In 1673, Martin Lister explored the preservation of ‘St Cuthbert's beads’ plus other fossil crinoid remains from approximately 350 Ma Carboniferous limestone in northern England. He used taphonomic evidence (transport, disarticulation, burial and cementation) to infer an origin as petrified plant remains, in contrast with his views expressed elsewhere that fossil mollusc shells could have formed abiogenically, by ‘plastic forces’ within rock. Lister also observed pentagonal symmetry, now seen as characteristic of living echinoderm skeletons. A postscript from John Ray supports Lister's ‘taphonomic’ observations and accepts the biogenicity of these fossil ‘vegetables’. Ray then concluded with a prophecy, predicting the discovery of comparable living fossils in remote ocean waters. These early discussions compare with current debates about the character of candidate microfossils from the early Earth and Mars. Interesting biomorphs are now tested against the abiogenic null hypotheses, making use of features such as those pioneered by Lister, including evidence for geological context, rules for growth and taphonomy. Advanced techniques now allow us to extend this list of criteria to include the nanoscale mapping of biology-like behaviour patterns plus metabolic pathways. Whereas the science of palaeobiology once began with tests for biogenicity, the same is now true for geobiology and astrobiology. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. PMID:25750150

  3. How Absent Negativity Relates to Affect and Motivation: An Integrative Relief Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roland eDeutsch


    Full Text Available The present paper concerns the motivational underpinnings and behavioral correlates of the prevention or stopping of negative stimulation – a situation referred to as relief. Relief is of great theoretical and applied interest. Theoretically, it is tied to theories linking affect, emotion and motivational systems (Carver & Scheier, 1990; Gray & McNaughton, 2000; Higgins, 1997; Lang, Bradley, & Cuthbert, 1990. Importantly, these theories make different predictions regarding the association between relief and motivational systems. Moreover, relief is a prototypical antecedent of counterfactual emotions, which involve specific cognitive processes compared to factual or mere anticipatory emotions. Practically, relief may be an important motivator of addictive and phobic behaviors (Mowrer, 1951; Ostafin & Brooks, 2011, self destructive behaviors (Favazza, 1998; Franklin, Lee, Hanna, & Prinstein, 2013, and social influence (Dolinski & Nawrat, 1998. In the present paper, we will first provide a review of conflicting conceptualizations of relief. We will then present an integrative relief model (IRMO that aims at resolving existing theoretical conflicts. We then review evidence relevant to distinctive predictions regarding the moderating role of various procedural features of relief situations. We conclude that our integrated model results in a better understanding of existing evidence on the affective and motivational underpinnings of relief, but that further evidence is needed to come to a more comprehensive evaluation of the viability of IRMO.

  4. Australia's rural medical workforce: Supply from its medical schools against career stage, gender and rural-origin. (United States)

    McGrail, Matthew R; Russell, Deborah J


    The aim of this study was to explore the association between career stage and rural medical workforce supply among Australian-trained medical graduates. Descriptive analysis using the national Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) longitudinal study. Australian-trained GPs and other specialists who participated in the MABEL study, 2008-2013. Proportions of GPs and specialists working in rural locations, according to career stage (establishing, early, mid and late), gender and childhood-origin type (rural versus metropolitan). Logistic regression models revealed that establishing- and early-career GPs had significantly higher likelihood (OR 1.67 and 1.38, respectively) of working rurally, but establishing and early-career doctors were significantly less likely (OR 0.34 and 0.43, respectively) to choose general practice, contributing proportionally fewer rural GPs overall (OR 0.77 and 0.75, respectively) compared to late-career doctors. For specialists, there were no significant associations between career cohorts and rural practice. Overall, there was a significantly lower likelihood (OR 0.83) of establishing-career doctors practising rurally. Women were similarly likely to be rural GPs but less likely to be rural specialists, while rural-origin was consistently associated with higher odds of rural practice. The supply of Australia's rural medical workforce from its medical schools continues to be challenging, with these data highlighting both their source and associations with doctors at different career stages. Despite large investments through rural medical training and rural workforce recruitment and retention policies, these data confirm continued reliance on internationally trained medical graduates for large proportions of rural supply is likely. © 2016 National Rural Health Alliance Inc.

  5. The tell-tale: what do heart rate; skin temperature and skin conductance reveal about emotions of people with severe and profound intellectual disabilities? (United States)

    Vos, Pieter; De Cock, Paul; Munde, Vera; Petry, Katja; Van Den Noortgate, Wim; Maes, Bea


    Identifying emotions in people with severe and profound intellectual disabilities is a difficult challenge. Since self-reports are not available, behaviour is the most used source of information. Given the limitations and caveats associated with using behaviour as the sole source of information about their emotions, it is important to supplement behavioural information with information from another source. As it is accepted that emotions consist of language, behaviour and physiology, in this article we investigated if physiology could give information about the emotions of people with severe and profound intellectual disabilities. To this aim we tested hypotheses derived from the motivational model of Bradley, Codispoti, Cuthbert, and Lang (2001) about the relation between heart rate and the valence of emotions and between heart rate, skin conductance and skin temperature and behavioural expressions of emotions of people with severe and profound intellectual disability. We presented 27 participants with 4 staff-selected negative and 4 staff-selected positive stimuli. The situations were videotaped and their heart rate, skin conductance and skin temperature was measured. Each behaviour of the participant was coded using the observational method developed by Petry and Maes (2006). As hypothesized, we found a lower heart rate when participants were presented with negative stimuli than when they were presented with positive stimuli in the first 6s of stimuli presentation. Their skin temperature was higher for the expression of low intensity negative emotions compared to the expression of low intensity positive emotions. The results suggest that, as with people without disability, heart rate and skin temperature can give information about the emotions of persons with severe and profound ID. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Statistical Optics (United States)

    Goodman, Joseph W.


    The Wiley Classics Library consists of selected books that have become recognized classics in their respective fields. With these new unabridged and inexpensive editions, Wiley hopes to extend the life of these important works by making them available to future generations of mathematicians and scientists. Currently available in the Series: T. W. Anderson The Statistical Analysis of Time Series T. S. Arthanari & Yadolah Dodge Mathematical Programming in Statistics Emil Artin Geometric Algebra Norman T. J. Bailey The Elements of Stochastic Processes with Applications to the Natural Sciences Robert G. Bartle The Elements of Integration and Lebesgue Measure George E. P. Box & Norman R. Draper Evolutionary Operation: A Statistical Method for Process Improvement George E. P. Box & George C. Tiao Bayesian Inference in Statistical Analysis R. W. Carter Finite Groups of Lie Type: Conjugacy Classes and Complex Characters R. W. Carter Simple Groups of Lie Type William G. Cochran & Gertrude M. Cox Experimental Designs, Second Edition Richard Courant Differential and Integral Calculus, Volume I RIchard Courant Differential and Integral Calculus, Volume II Richard Courant & D. Hilbert Methods of Mathematical Physics, Volume I Richard Courant & D. Hilbert Methods of Mathematical Physics, Volume II D. R. Cox Planning of Experiments Harold S. M. Coxeter Introduction to Geometry, Second Edition Charles W. Curtis & Irving Reiner Representation Theory of Finite Groups and Associative Algebras Charles W. Curtis & Irving Reiner Methods of Representation Theory with Applications to Finite Groups and Orders, Volume I Charles W. Curtis & Irving Reiner Methods of Representation Theory with Applications to Finite Groups and Orders, Volume II Cuthbert Daniel Fitting Equations to Data: Computer Analysis of Multifactor Data, Second Edition Bruno de Finetti Theory of Probability, Volume I Bruno de Finetti Theory of Probability, Volume 2 W. Edwards Deming Sample Design in Business Research

  7. Cognitive-motivational determinants of fat food consumption in overweight and obese youngsters: the implicit association between fat food and arousal. (United States)

    Craeynest, Mietje; Crombez, Geert; Koster, Ernst H W; Haerens, Leen; De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse


    Cognitive-motivational accounts of fat food intake propose an association between fat food and action dispositions, which are according to the biphasic emotion theory of Lang [(1995). The emotion probe. Studies of motivation and attention. American Psychologist, 50, 372-385; Lang, P.J., Bradley, M.M., & Cuthbert, M.M. (1997). Motivated attention: Affect, activation and action. In P.J. Lang, R.F. Simons & M.T. Balaban (Eds.). Attention and orienting: Sensory and motivational processes (pp. 97-134). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.] characterized by high levels of arousal. In two experiments, this association was investigated in lean and overweight youngsters. In the first experiment, 29 overweight and 29 lean youngsters conducted two Implicit Association Tasks (IAT; Greenwald, A.G., McGhee, D.E., & Schwartz, J.L. (1998). Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: The implicit association test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1464-1480.). In a positive arousal IAT, implicit associations between fat vs. lean food, and high and low arousal words with a positive valence were assessed. In a negative arousal IAT, high and low arousal words with a negative valence were used. A second experiment was conducted to replicate Experiment 1 in 29 youngsters with severe obesity and 29 lean peers. The results revealed strong implicit associations between fat food and arousal in both the overweight and the control group. No differences were found between the groups, nor between the positive and the negative arousal task. These results are related to cognitive-motivational theories of fat food intake.

  8. Cosecha temprana, apertura forzada y vida en el vaso de flores de cuatro variedades de clavel (Dianthus cariophyllus L., en invierno y en verano Early harvest, forced flower opening and vase life of four varieties of carnation (Dianthus cariophyllus L. in winter and summer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. de. L. Avila


    Full Text Available Se evaluó la cosecha temprana y la apertura forzada de pimpollos con sacarosa, en invierno y en verano, en flores de 4 variedades de clavel (Moresco, Mabel, Nov y Golden Odino. Las flores fueron cosechadas en cinco estados de desarrollo, desde botón cerrado hasta flor abierta (estados 0 al 4, hidratadas en frío (2 ºC con una solución de tiosulfato de plata (0,1 M durante 24 horas y luego transfe ridas a una solución de ácido cítrico (500 mg l-1 y citrato de hydroxyquinoleina (60 mg l-1; la solución de apertura contenía, además, 100 g l-1 de sacarosa. Cuando se completó la apertura de la flor se evaluó tamaño, intensidad de color y vida en el vaso. El tamaño de la flor fue similar en invierno y verano en las varie dades Moresco, Golden Odino y Nov, sin embargo, en todas las variedades la vida en el vaso fue menor en verano. El agregado de sacarosa mejoró la aper tura, el tamaño de las flores e intensificó los colores en todas las variedades y estados de corte. La mayor calidad se logró combinando el agregado de saca rosa y la cosecha en estado 0 -1 en verano y 2 -3 en invierno.Early harvest and forced flower opening with sucrose addition in the preservative solution effects were evaluated during winter and summer, in Moresco, Mabel, Nov and Golden Odino carnation varieties. The flowers were harvested at five dif ferent stages of development: from tight flower buds to open flowers (state 0 to 4. Immediately, these were hydrated during 24 h using a silver thiosulfate solution (0,1 M at 2 ºC. Then, the flowers were treated with a preservative solution containing citric acid (500 mg l-1 and hydroxyquinoline citrate (60 mg l-1, with and without sucrose (100 g l-1. Petal color, vase life and flower size were evaluated when the full open flower stage was obtained. The flower size was similar during winter and summer in Moresco, Nov and Golden Odino, but the vase life was significantly reduced in the summer. The sucrose addition

  9. Clinical trial considerations on male contraception and collection of pregnancy information from female partners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Banholzer Maria


    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is little guidance regarding the risk of exposure of pregnant women/ women of childbearing potential to genotoxic or teratogenic compounds via vaginal dose delivered through seminal fluid during sexual intercourse. Method We summarize current thinking and provide clinical trial considerations for a consistent approach to contraception for males exposed to genotoxic and/or teratogenic compounds or to compounds of unknown teratogenicity, and for collection of pregnancy data from their female partners. Results Where toxicity testing demonstrates genotoxic potential, condom use is required during exposure and for 5 terminal plasma half-lives plus 74 days (one human spermatogenesis cycle to avoid conception. For non-genotoxic small molecules and immunoglobulins with unknown teratogenic potential or without a no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL from embryo-fetal development (EFD studies and no minimal anticipated biological effect level (MABEL, condom use is recommended for males with pregnant partner/female partner of childbearing potential. For teratogenic small molecules with estimated seminal fluid concentration and a margin between projected maternal area under the curve (AUC and NOAEL AUC from EFD studies of ≥300 (≥100 for immunoglobulins or in the absence of a NOAEL with a margin between MABEL plasma concentration and maternal Cmax of ≥300 (≥10 for immunoglobulins, condom use is not required. However, condom use is required for margins below the thresholds previously indicated. For small molecules with available seminal fluid concentrations, condom use is required if margins are Pregnancy data should be proactively collected if pregnancy occurs during the condom use period required for males exposed to first-in-class molecules or to molecules with a target/class shown to be teratogenic, embryotoxic or fetotoxic in human or preclinical experiments. Conclusion These recommendations, based on a precaution

  10. Del sujeto de la verdad a la verdad del sujeto/From the subject of truth to the truth of the subject

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eric Ferdinando Passone


    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende introducir el análisis de los discursos, a partir de cuestionamientos sobre la verdad del sujeto del deseo y apuntar algunas de sus consecuencias, principalmente, en lo que respecta a la elaboración y diseño de políticas y programas educativos de atención y atendimiento infante-juvenil. Se aprovecha para presentar las dislocaciones del pensamiento de Jaques Lacan sobre la práctica psicoanalítica y la diferencia entre seguir los modelos y hacer de la diferencia un camino propio, la existencia. This essay aims at to introduce an analysis of discourses questioning about the truth of the subject’s desire, and also to point out some consequences, which are mainly in the elaboration and design of policies and educational programs attending to children. Furthermore, it’ll be presented Jack Lacan’s thought about psychoanalytic practice and the difference between following models and making own way for the existence, from its singularity.

  11. El análisis económico del derecho de autor y del copyright, un estudio del equilibrio entre los intereses público y privado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Pérez Gómez Tétrel


    Full Text Available La propiedad intelectual ha sido concebida para responder, tanto a la necesidad de protección del autor de una obra del intelecto, como al beneficio que la sociedad pueda sacar del acceso a dichas creaciones intelectuales, generando así un equilibrio entre los diferentes actores. Los sistemas digitales de comunicación han puesto en jaque dicho equilibrio. Conviene preguntarse ¿es capaz la protección otorgada por el derecho a la creación intelectual, de establecer un equilibrio en las relaciones entre creador (autor y la sociedad (consumidor? ¿En qué medida el análisis económico comparado del derecho de autor y del copyright puede contribuir al modelo económico de este equilibrio? ¿Hasta qué punto, el rol desempeñado por las industrias de la comunicación está rompiendo este equilibrio? El objetivo de este artículo es analizar diversos aspectos del derecho de autor y del copyright, a la luz del análisis económico del derecho.

  12. El análisis económico del derecho de autor y del copyright, un estudio del equilibrio entre los intereses público y privado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Pérez Gómez Tétrel


    Full Text Available La propiedad intelectual ha sido concebida para responder, tanto a la necesidad de protección del autor de una obra del intelecto, como al beneficio que la sociedad pueda sacar del acceso a dichas creaciones intelectuales, generando así un equilibrio entre los diferentes actores. Los sistemas digitales de comunicación han puesto en jaque dicho equilibrio. Conviene preguntarse ¿es capaz la protección otorgada por el derecho a la creación intelectual, de establecer un equilibrio en las relaciones entre creador (autor y la sociedad (consumidor? ¿En qué medida el análisis económico comparado del derecho de autor y del copyright puede contribuir al modelo económico de este equilibrio? ¿Hasta qué punto, el rol desempeñado por las industrias de la comunicación está rompiendo este equilibrio? El objetivo de este artículo es analizar diversos aspectos del derecho de autor y del copyright, a la luz del análisis económico del derecho.

  13. Desayuno con partículas la ciencia como nunca antes se ha contado

    CERN Document Server

    Fernández-Vidal, Sonia


    Tienes en las manos un ensayo sobre física cuántica, así es. Un momento, por favor, ¡espera! No dejes que eso te asuste y sueltes el libro de golpe. ¿Aceptarías una invitación a desayunar? Si aceptas esta proposición y te aventuras a navegar entre estas páginas, descubrirás un universo tan maravilloso como desconcertante. La teoría cuántica es una de las más bellas y asombrosas de la ciencia. Las reglas que sigue son alocadas en comparación con nuestro día a día. Son anti-intuitivas. Al adentrarnos en el mundo cuántico se ponen en jaque nuestras creencias sobre la realidad, también de nuestra realidad cotidiana. Sonia Fernández-Vidal, escritora y doctora en Física Cuántica, y Francesc Miralles, escritor y periodista, nos invitan a un divertido desayuno al que están invitadostambién asistirán Newton, Einstein, Heisenberg y otros famosos físicos de la historia. Entre magdalenas, donuts, café con leche y zumos de naranja, emprenderemos un fascinante y revelador viaje a los orígenes del...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuel S Leuape


    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mendialetikakan pemaknaan emik-etik simbol warna dan gambar kain tenun (Mollo desa Tutem. Tahapan pada penelitian ini yaitu interpretasi (Ferdinand De Saussure, reinterpretasi (Roland Barthes, Dialog (Jurgen Habermas, dan dekonstruksi (Jaques Derrida. Hasil interpretasi (emik dan reinterpretasi (etik, didialetikakan dengan menghasilkan sintesis berupa dialog antara masyarakat Tutem dan peneliti, diakhiri dengan analisis dekonstruksi guna mengantisipasi potensi kemajemukan makna simbol warna dan gambar kain tenun desa Tutem di kemudian hari. Paradigma penelitiannya adalah kualitatif dan bermetode studi etnografi komunikasi. Data diperoleh dengan wawancara mendalam, observasi-partisipatoris, dan dokumentasi visual kain tenun. Hasil penelitian ini adalah: dalam pemaknaan emik masyarakat Tutem, simbol warna kain tenun mengacu pada keberagaman kelompok suku dan simbol gambar kain tenun merujuk kepada realitas historis. Pemaknaan etik peneliti, simbol warna dan gambar kain tenun merujuk kepada kondisi geografis (Sumber Daya Alam, moral dan perilaku sosial (Sumber Daya Manusia, dan sejarah. Melalui prosedur tindakan komunikatif (dialog, kesepakatan intersubjektif yang dicapai, mencakup: 10 jenis simbol warna dan 7 varian gambar kain tenun diterima dan 2 varian gambar kain tenun ditolak. Terdapat 3 jenis simbol warna dan pola gambar ruang kain tenun yang wajib didekonstruksi maknanya oleh peneliti. Proses interpretasi, reinterpretasi, dialog, dan dekonstruksi menjadi tahapan ideal dalam memberdayakan kain tenun sebagai salah satu wujud produk kebudayaan masyarakat Tutem. Pelaksanaan tahapan tersebut melibatkan peran aktif masyarakat Tutem dan peneliti. Akhirnya, masyarakat Tutem dan peneliti sama-sama membangun ‘cerita’ tentang simbol warna dan gambar kain tenun dalam spirit falibilisme.

  15. Lenguaje y performatividad.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Rozas


    Full Text Available El siguiente artículo hace una revisión sobre las distintas formas de interacción lingüísticamente mediadas y sus racionalidades subyacentes en los procesos de acción y comunicación humana. Como perspectiva privilegiada tomaremos la Teoría de los Actos de Habla propuesta por John L. Austin, su recepción, deconstrucción y resignificación en la obra de Jaques Derrida y Judith Butler, así como el esfuerzo analítico y las nuevas categorías aportadas por Jürgen Habermas en su Teoría de la Acción Comunicativa. Como modelo interpretativo de las nociones de acción y comunicación, nuestro principal referente será la obra de Habermas, su introducción del concepto de Lebenswelt, la lectura crítica que realiza de las racionalidades weberianas, así como la reconversión que hace de las mismas en la introducción de una nueva racionalidad comunicativa.

  16. ¿Cómo hablar del cuerpo? o de un dualismo insostenible/How to speak about the body? or the untenable dualism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrián Francia Villalba


    Full Text Available El presente trabajo intenta subrayar el dualismo implícito en las conceptualizaciones freudianas sobre el cuerpo, a la vez que denuncia lo insostenible de dicho binarismo en las lecturas que algunos autores propician sobre el texto de Freud. Una idea recorre el artículo y es la de que solamente a partir del trinomio R. S. I. (Real, Simbólico e Imaginario introducido por Jaques Lacan en 1953 y formalizado en su seminario de 1974-75 en el anudamiento Borromeo, se estaría en condiciones de pensar desde otro paradigma que no implique el dualismo cartesiano, las cuestiones inherentes al cuerpo. The present work tries to underline the implicit dualism of Freud’s conceptualizations of the body, as he reported on about such untenable binarism in the interpretations some authors favoured on Freud’s text. The idea covers the article and is the one that from the R. S. I. (Real Symbolic and Imaginary trinomial, introduced by Jacques Lacan in 1953 and formalized in his 1974-75 seminar in the Borromeo’s statement, we can be in condition to think of another paradigm that does not imply the cartesian dualism, the inherent matters of the body.

  17. Kabbalah, Symbolism and Metaphysicsin Russian Freemasonry of the XVIII th–XIX th centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuriy Khalturin


    Full Text Available Este trabajo considera algunas conexiones entre la Cábala y la masonería en Rusia como se refleja en los archivos del Departamento de Manuscritos de la Biblioteca Estatal Rusa (DMS RSL. El vínculo entre ellos se basa en la comprensión tanto de la Cabala yla masonería como la filosofía simbólica y “verdaderamente metafísica”. En el artículo se muestra cómo los masones rusos adoptaron doctrinas cabalísticas de Ein-Soph, Sephiroth, Adam Kadmon y los mezclan con la teoría del neoplatonismo de la emanación, elmisticismo cristiano apofática, la cosmovisión hermética, la alquimia y la sofilogíacristiana. Esta adaptación ecléctica se basa en la interpretación de estos símbolos masónicos como punto en un círculo, columnas Jaquín y Boaz, y la estrella flameante. El simbolismo masónico permitió la combinación de diferentes doctrinas esotéricas en una cosmovisión unificada para hacer símbolos masónicos más atractivos para la “medio educada” nobleza rusa.

  18. Una reflexión introductoria sobre la naturaleza de la actual crisis global y los límites del capitalismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Mora Jiménez


    Full Text Available La actual crisis económica mundial puede ciertamente caracterizarse como una de carácter sistémico y global, conjugándose a la vez con una crisis de civilización que pone en jaque no solo al sistema económico, sino, al sistema de vida. Que no se trata de una crisis cíclica más es un hecho reconocido, pero necesitamos precisar el carácter de la misma, al menos de manera inicial y preliminar. En este ensayo apoyamos la tesis de una crisis sistémica global, pero sin dejar de advertir que los fundamentos del capitalismo también están mostrando sus límites históricos y exacerbando las amenazas globales sobre las condiciones de existencia de la vida, sin que por ello se trate, necesariamente, de una crisis terminal; y tanto las opciones capitalistas, como las post capitalistas y las anti capitalistas están a la orden del día.

  19. ‘Through music and into music’, through music and into well-being: Dalcroze eurhythmics as music therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Habron


    Full Text Available There is a longstanding relationship between music therapy and Dalcroze Eurhythmics, an approach to music education that had its beginnings in the reform pedagogy movement of the European fin de siècle. Émile Jaques-Dalcroze (1865-1950, the founder of the approach, initially focused on educational aims, but was soon to include therapeutic ones as well. During the early twentieth century, Dalcroze teachers applied the approach to their work with disabled children. Such applications have continued to develop to the present day and have expanded to include palliative treatment in HIV/AIDS and gerontology. There are many theoretical and technical similarities between Dalcroze Eurhythmics and improvisational music therapy, including communication through musical improvisation and attunement in playing for movement. However, many of these similarities remain to be discussed in relation to the literatures on music therapy and communicative musicality. To address this gap, this article takes a transdisciplinary approach, making conceptual connections between the theory and practice of both Dalcroze Eurhythmics and music therapy. Implications for future training, practice and research in Dalcroze Eurhythmics are discussed.

  20. How I Lost My Mind and Found the Meaning of “Life”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herb Koplowitz


    Full Text Available By integrating philosophical rigor with practical examples and personal history and revelation, the author shares how he ended his quest to understand the concepts of life, mind, and soul and resolved the mind-body problem. The article relates the key insight garnered from Elliott Jaques that triggered a new, internally-consistent conceptual framework or paradigm. Founded on a unitary organism model of life, it replaced the mind-body-soul model. The logic of the new conceptual framework is developed through brief, methodical discussions that juxtapose choice and judgement with calculation, Newtonian physics, randomness, and self correction. The paper is grounded in the premise that our attempts to answer a question (e.g. "How do we think and judged?" are hindered by accepting an entity (e.g. mind whose only evidence is that the question exists. On that foundation, unitary arguments trace the author’s dissolution of concepts of mind, body, and soul and the spiritual. General implications of this framework are then applied to terminology and to the origin of life, abortion, and trading one duality for another. In relating some personal implications of this framework in daily life, the author makes the case for the value of simplicity in conceptual frameworks and the clarity that can result.

  1. How I Lost My Mind and Found the Meaning of “Life”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herb Koplowitz


    Full Text Available By integrating philosophical rigor with practical examples and personal history and revelation, the author shares how he ended his quest to understand the concepts of life, mind, and soul and resolved the mind-body problem. The article relates the key insight garnered from Elliott Jaques that triggered a new, internally-consistent conceptual framework or paradigm. Founded on a unitary organism model of life, it replaced the mind-body-soul model. The paper is grounded in the premise that our attempts to answer a question (e.g., “How do we think and judge?” are hindered by accepting an entity (e.g., mind whose only evidence is that the question exists. The logic of the new conceptual framework is developed through brief, methodical discussions that juxtapose choice and judgement with calculation, Newtonian physics, randomness, and self correction. On that foundation, unitary arguments trace the author’s dissolution of concepts of mind, body, and soul and the spiritual. General implications of this framework are then applied to terminology and to the origin of life, abortion, and trading one duality for another. In relating some personal implications of this framework in daily life, the author makes the case for the value of simplicity in conceptual frameworks and the clarity that can result.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Galikowska – Gajewska


    Full Text Available This article discusses the movement expression considering it a crucial element of Dalcroze’s Eurhythmics. At the beginning of the 20th century Emil Jaques-Dalcroze, who is regarded as the creator of Eyrhythmics, discovered that movement should be the basis for music education. The father of Eyrhythmics referred to a common human activity - movement - and by linking it with music, he laid the foundation of methodology of music education. Eurhythmics has become one of the popular methods of arts education but, first of all, a versatile system of music education, which allows acomplishement of true expression. The Dalcroze's approach to music education established the foundation of an understanding of music through movement-motion. Music expressed through the natural and simple language of human body's movements leads to a personal fuller experience of music through motion, enables a deeper feeling of music, a better understanding and discovering its beauty. Dalcroze considered that the qualities of music were fundamental forces in human life, and emphasized music’s connection to other arts, such as dance, drama, poetry, and particularly singing, which all are fundamental human activities involving movement, language and emotion.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Souza Lobo Guzzo


    Full Text Available O texto propõe-se a discutir a concepção política que atravessa os discursos da dança contemporânea, a partir da contextualização e exploração das noções de política e estética presentes principalmente no pensamento de Michel Foucault, Zygmunt Bauman e Jaques Rancière. São também trabalhadas a produção e as reflexões sobre o tema produzidas contemporaneamente no Brasil, em diálogo com as teorias expostas. Destaca-se a importância da resistência presente nas manifestações artísticas como designadora da relação íntima entre uma obra de arte e uma ideia política, possuidora de uma tensão fundamental entre duas formas de propor uma organização para o mundo, a dança e a política.

  4. (2005-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Mauricio Castaño Barrera


    Full Text Available En 2005 se inició entre el gobierno de Álvaro Uribe y el Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN un proceso de diálogo exploratorio de paz, que finalizó sin éxito en 2007. El proceso no pasa de su fase inicial porque no logra estabilizar y consolidar la mesa formal de negociación de paz que pese a fuertes incompatibilidades logró desarrollar siete rondas de diálogos. Mediante un análisis de caso de las condiciones necesarias para la generación de una mesa de paz formal según la teoría de los procesos de paz de Vincenç Fisas, se explica cómo se dio el reconocimiento político del ELN sin reconocimiento del conflicto simultáneamente por parte del Gobierno nacional, se reconstruyen los rasgos que fueron de mayor valor sobre las actitudes cooperativas y competitivas de las partes que posibilitaron pese a la agenda restringida del Gobierno nacional, tanto el inicio del proceso de paz como su ruptura; y finalmente se realiza un balance descriptivo de la organización de las terceras partes mediadoras durante el proceso y algunos incidentes que pusieron en jaque este aspecto.

  5. Juventud rebelde, campesinado indígena y la instalación del discurso de clases en los campos de Cautín. Movimiento Campesino Revolucionario. Chile, 1967-1973

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ovidio Cárcamo Hernández


    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es analizar el itinerario seguido por algunos militantes del Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR, en el marco de la Reforma Agraria chilena entre 1967 y 1973, en la provincia de Cautín, en el surde Chile. Además buscamos describir el proceso de vinculación entre los militantes del MIR y el campesinado indígena, relación de la cual nació el Movimiento Campesino Revolucionario (MCR a fines de 1970, iniciándose así una importante embestida contra la gran propiedad agraria, que puso en jaque a los grupos patronales locales, por lo menos hasta el Golpe Militar de 1973. Por otra parte, hemos buscado caracterizar a aquellos jóvenes, mayoritariamente de la clase media urbana, cuya entrega permitió al MIR crear un frente de masas, poco común en la historia agraria de Chile.

  6. Variações sobre ver e não ver: dois relatos de casos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcia Oliveira Moraes


    Full Text Available El artículo presenta dos informes de casos de discapacidad visual. Por un lado, hemos analizado el concepto de discapacidad que marca la modernidad occidental: lo que dice la discapacidad como una desviación. Por otro lado, hemos señalado que en la experiencia de las personas ciegas se mantienen otras formas de existir sin visión, lejos de los de déficit que marcan el pensamiento occidental. El análisis institucional es la herramienta teórico que nos permite analizar los conceptos en discussion. En los casos reportados se señalan los momentos de crisis que puso en jaque a la institución de discapacidade visual tal como la incapacidad y que producem nuevas formas de vivir a la falta de un sentido. El concepto de "subjetividad deficiente" se encuentra en análisis. Finalizamos señalando las vías para tratar la inclusión que apuntan a la problematisation de las nociones modernas de la discapacidad y que ponen de relieve las posibilidades de intervención en psicología capaces de potenciar la producción de nuevas formas de vida sin ver.

  7. The use of financial incentives in Australian general practice. (United States)

    Kecmanovic, Milica; Hall, Jane P


    To examine the uptake of financial incentive payments in general practice, and identify what types of practitioners are more likely to participate in these schemes. Analysis of data on general practitioners and GP registrars from the Medicine in Australia - Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) longitudinal panel survey of medical practitioners in Australia, from 2008 to 2011. Income received by GPs from government incentive schemes and grants and factors associated with the likelihood of claiming such incentives. Around half of GPs reported receiving income from financial incentives in 2008, and there was a small fall in this proportion by 2011. There was considerable movement into and out of the incentives schemes, with more GPs exiting than taking up grants and payments. GPs working in larger practices with greater administrative support, GPs practising in rural areas and those who were principals or partners in practices were more likely to use grants and incentive payments. Administrative support available to GPs appears to be an increasingly important predictor of incentive use, suggesting that the administrative burden of claiming incentives is large and not always worth the effort. It is, therefore, crucial to consider such costs (especially relative to the size of the payment) when designing incentive payments. As market conditions are also likely to influence participation in incentive schemes, the impact of incentives can change over time and these schemes should be reviewed regularly.

  8. Rural specialists: The nature of their work and professional satisfaction by geographical location of work. (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Belinda; McGrail, Matthew; Russell, Deborah


    Systematically describe the characteristics of rural specialists, their work and job satisfaction by geographical location of work. Cross-sectional. Three thousand, four hundred and seventy-nine medical specialists participating in the 2014 Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) survey of doctors. Location of practice, whether metropolitan, large (>50 000 population) or small regional centres (Rural specialists had more on-call requirements and poorer professional development opportunities. However, satisfaction with work hours, remuneration, variety of work, level of responsibility, opportunities to use abilities and overall satisfaction did not differ. Specialists in general medicine and general surgery were significantly more likely to work rurally compared with anaesthetists, particularly in small regional centres, whereas a range of other relevant specialists had lower than the average rural distribution and paediatricians and endocrinologists were significantly less likely to work in large regional centres. Rural specialists are just as satisfied as metropolitan counterparts reporting equivalent variety and responsibility at work. Better support for on-call demands and access to professional development could attract more specialists to rural practice. Increased rural training opportunities and regional workforce planning is needed to develop and recruit relevant specialties. Specifically, targeted support is warranted for training and development of specialists in general medicine and general surgery and overseas-trained specialists, who provide essential services in smaller regional centres. © 2017 National Rural Health Alliance Inc.

  9. History of the Rochester Epidemiology Project: half a century of medical records linkage in a US population. (United States)

    Rocca, Walter A; Yawn, Barbara P; St Sauver, Jennifer L; Grossardt, Brandon R; Melton, L Joseph


    The Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP) has maintained a comprehensive medical records linkage system for nearly half a century for almost all persons residing in Olmsted County, Minnesota. Herein, we provide a brief history of the REP before and after 1966, the year in which the REP was officially established. The key protagonists before 1966 were Henry Plummer, Mabel Root, and Joseph Berkson, who developed a medical records linkage system at Mayo Clinic. In 1966, Leonard Kurland established collaborative agreements with other local health care providers (hospitals, physician groups, and clinics [primarily Olmsted Medical Center]) to develop a medical records linkage system that covered the entire population of Olmsted County, and he obtained funding from the National Institutes of Health to support the new system. In 1997, L. Joseph Melton III addressed emerging concerns about the confidentiality of medical record information by introducing a broad patient research authorization as per Minnesota state law. We describe how the key protagonists of the REP have responded to challenges posed by evolving medical knowledge, information technology, and public expectation and policy. In addition, we provide a general description of the system; discuss issues of data quality, reliability, and validity; describe the research team structure; provide information about funding; and compare the REP with other medical information systems. The REP can serve as a model for the development of similar research infrastructures in the United States and worldwide. Copyright © 2012 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Gender, culture, and astrophysical fieldwork: Elizabeth Campbell and the Lick Observatory-Crocker eclipse expeditions. (United States)

    Pang, A. S.-K.

    The article is organized as follows. It begins with an overview of women in nineteenth-century American science. It then describes the culture of mountaintop observatories and life on Mount Hamilton. Elizabeth Campbell's unique role in the Crocker-Lick expeditions drew upon her equally unique role in the observatory, and also on the meaning given to women's work in general on the mountain. The bulk of the article focuses on the Campbells and their expeditions to India in 1898, Spain in 1905, and the South Pacific in 1908. The third section compares the Lick Observatory expeditions to those conducted by David Todd of Amherst College. Todd's wife, Mabel Loomis Todd, went into the field several times with her husband, but her place in the field was radically different from Elizabeth Campbell's, a difference that can be ascribed to a combination of local culture and personality. Finally, it compares American expeditions to British expeditions of the period, to see what the absence of British women on expeditions can tell us about the way national scientific styles and cultures affected gender roles in science.

  11. ICESat-2 simulated data from airborne altimetery (United States)

    Brunt, K. M.; Neumann, T.; Markus, T.; Brenner, A. C.; Barbieri, K.; Field, C.; Sirota, M.


    Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite-2 (ICESat-2) is scheduled to launch in 2015 and will carry onboard the Advanced Topographic Laser Altimeter System (ATLAS), which represents a new approach to spaceborne determination of surface elevations. Specifically, the current ATLAS design is for a micropulse, multibeam, photon-counting laser altimeter with lower energy, a shorter pulse width, and a higher repetition rate relative to the Geoscience Laser Altimeter (GLAS), the instrument that was onboard ICESat. Given the new and untested technology associated with ATLAS, airborne altimetry data is necessary (1) to test the proposed ATLAS instrument geometry, (2) to validate instrument models, and (3) to assess the atmospheric effects on multibeam altimeters. We present an overview of the airborne instruments and datasets intended to address the ATLAS instrument concept, including data collected over Greenland (July 2009) using an airborne SBIR prototype 100 channel, photon-counting, terrain mapping altimeter, which addresses the first of these 3 scientific concerns. Additionally, we present the plan for further simulator data collection over vegetated and ice covered regions using Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar (MABEL), intended to address the latter two scientific concerns. As the ICESAT-2 project is in the design phase, the particular configuration of the ATLAS instrument may change. However, we expect this work to be relevant as long as ATLAS pursues a photon-counting approach.

  12. Assessment of NASA airborne laser altimetry data using ground-based GPS data near Summit Station, Greenland (United States)

    Brunt, Kelly M.; Hawley, Robert L.; Lutz, Eric R.; Studinger, Michael; Sonntag, John G.; Hofton, Michelle A.; Andrews, Lauren C.; Neumann, Thomas A.


    A series of NASA airborne lidars have been used in support of satellite laser altimetry missions. These airborne laser altimeters have been deployed for satellite instrument development, for spaceborne data validation, and to bridge the data gap between satellite missions. We used data from ground-based Global Positioning System (GPS) surveys of an 11 km long track near Summit Station, Greenland, to assess the surface-elevation bias and measurement precision of three airborne laser altimeters including the Airborne Topographic Mapper (ATM), the Land, Vegetation, and Ice Sensor (LVIS), and the Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar (MABEL). Ground-based GPS data from the monthly ground-based traverses, which commenced in 2006, allowed for the assessment of nine airborne lidar surveys associated with ATM and LVIS between 2007 and 2016. Surface-elevation biases for these altimeters - over the flat, ice-sheet interior - are less than 0.12 m, while assessments of measurement precision are 0.09 m or better. Ground-based GPS positions determined both with and without differential post-processing techniques provided internally consistent solutions. Results from the analyses of ground-based and airborne data provide validation strategy guidance for the Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite 2 (ICESat-2) elevation and elevation-change data products.

  13. Native excellence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bower, T.


    Syncrude Canada Ltd., operator of the oil sands mine and processing plant near Fort McMurray, Alberta, produces 11% of Canada's crude oil and is the country's largest private-sector employer of native Canadians. Syncrude has the goal of employing about 10% native Canadians, which is about the percentage of natives in the regional population. Examples are presented of successful native employment and entrepreneurship at Syncrude. Doreen Janvier, once employed at Syncrude's mine wash bays, was challenged to form her own company to contract out labor services. Her company, DJM Enterprises, now has a 2-year contract to operate three highly sophisticated wash bays used to clean mining equipment, and is looking to bid on other labor contracts. Mabel Laviolette serves as liaison between the oil containment and recovery team, who recover oil skimmed off Syncrude's tailings basin, and the area manager. The team approach and the seasonal nature of the employment fit in well with native cultural patterns. The excellence of native teamwork is also illustrated in the mine rescue team, one unit of which is entirely native Canadian. Part of Syncrude's aboriginal policy is to encourage development of aboriginal enterprises, such as native-owned Clearwater Welding and Fabricating Ltd., which has held welding and fabricating contracts with most major companies in the region and is a major supplier of skilled tradesmen to Syncrude. Syncrude also provides employment and training, encourages natives to continue their education, and promotes local community development. 4 figs

  14. An FDA oncology analysis of CD3 bispecific constructs and first-in-human dose selection. (United States)

    Saber, Haleh; Del Valle, Pedro; Ricks, Tiffany K; Leighton, John K


    We retrospectively examined the nonclinical studies conducted with 17 CD3 bispecific constructs in support of first-in-human (FIH) trials in oncology. We also collected information on the design of dose-finding clinical trials. Sponsors have used different MABEL approaches for FIH dose selection. To better assess acceptable approaches, FIH doses were computed from nonclinical studies and compared to the maximum tolerated doses (MTDs) in patients, to the highest human doses (HHDs) when an MTD was not identified, or to the recommended human dose (RHD) for blinatumomab. We concluded that approaches based on receptor occupancy, highest non-severely toxic dose, or no-observed adverse effect level are not acceptable for selecting the FIH dose as they resulted in doses close to or above the MTDs, HHDs, or the RHD. A FIH dose corresponding to 10%-30% pharmacologic activity (PA) was an acceptable approach. A FIH dose corresponding to 50% PA was acceptable for all except one construct, potentially due to its biological or structural properties. The most common toxicities in animals and patients were those related to cytokine release. Doses were better tolerated when intra-animal or intra-patient dose escalation was used. Exposing naïve patients to an MTD achieved with intra-patient dose escalation design may be unsafe. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  15. Job satisfaction among Australian doctors: the use of latent class analysis. (United States)

    Joyce, Catherine; Wang, Wei Chun


    To identify patterns of job satisfaction among Australian doctors using latent class analysis, and to determine the relationships of these patterns to personal and professional characteristics so as to improve satisfaction and minimize medical wastage. MABEL (Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life) data in 2011 were used. The study collected information on 5764 doctors about their job satisfaction, demographic characteristics, their health, country of medical training, opportunities for professional development and social interaction, taking time off work, views of patients' expectations, unpredictable working hours, hours worked per week, preference to reduce hours and intention to leave the medical workforce. Four latent classes of job satisfaction were identified: 5.8% had high job satisfaction; 19.4% had low satisfaction with working hours; 16.1% had high satisfaction with working hours but felt undervalued; and 6.5% had low job satisfaction. Low job satisfaction was associated with reporting poor health, having trained outside Australia, having poor opportunities for professional development and working longer hours. Low satisfaction was associated with a preference to reduce work hours and an intention to leave the medical workforce. To improve job satisfaction and minimize medical wastage, policies need to address needs of overseas trained doctors, provide continuing professional development and provide good health care for doctors. © The Author(s) 2015.

  16. Reasons why specialist doctors undertake rural outreach services: an Australian cross-sectional study. (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Belinda G; McGrail, Matthew R; Stoelwinder, Johannes U


    The purpose of the study is to explore the reasons why specialist doctors travel to provide regular rural outreach services, and whether reasons relate to (1) salaried or private fee-for-service practice and (2) providing rural outreach services in more remote locations. A national cross-sectional study of specialist doctors from the Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) survey in 2014 was implemented. Specialists providing rural outreach services self-reported on a 5-point scale their level of agreement with five reasons for participating. Chi-squared analysis tested association between agreement and variables of interest. Of 567 specialists undertaking rural outreach services, reasons for participating include to grow the practice (54%), maintain a regional connection (26%), provide complex healthcare (18%), healthcare for disadvantaged people (12%) and support rural staff (6%). Salaried specialists more commonly participated to grow the practice compared with specialists in fee-for-service practice (68 vs 49%). This reason was also related to travelling further and providing outreach services in outer regional/remote locations. Private fee-for-service specialists more commonly undertook outreach services to provide complex healthcare (22 vs 14%). Specialist doctors undertake rural outreach services for a range of reasons, mainly to complement the growth and diversity of their main practice or maintain a regional connection. Structuring rural outreach around the specialist's main practice is likely to support participation and improve service distribution.

  17. "Land of Volcanoes" workshop: a first step in Earth Sciences for "L'Alzina" Public School primary students (4-5 years old) (United States)

    Cortés, Jordi; Geyer, Adelina; Díaz, Mabel


    "Land of Volcanoes" is a scientific outreach workshop devised by Adelina Geyer, researcher of the Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera, ICTJA-CSIC. The workshop proposes an approximation to the world of volcanology through the explanation of different concepts related to these geological phenomena: its origin and its characteristics, magma eruptions and their associated hazards, etc. Over the last years, Geyer has developed the workshop in the context of different outreach activities for an audience formed, not only but mainly, by secondary school students. At the beginning of 2016, as a result of different informal contacts between ICTJA-CSIC Communication Unit and Mabel Díaz, teacher of the "L'Alzina" public school (Molins de Rei), arose the idea of developing Geyer's workshop in front of 26 students aged 4-5 years old, primary students. Díaz explains that it is "in the age ranged between 0 and 6 years when observation and hands-on activities are important elements of the learning process", although she adds that " primary students are usually not seen as potential audiences of this type of outreach activities and workshops". Díaz says that "Science is simple: it is about observing, asking questions and finding answers, the same that children, even the smallest, do constantly." Adelina Geyer accepted the challenge of conducting the "Land of Volcanoes" workshop in front of 4-5 year old children, although it was necessary to adapt its format and content to the new audience. Meanwhile, students prepared the session following the same process used in the project work system employed at the school and that started from two questions: "What do we know about volcanoes? What we want to know about them?" On June 3rd 2016, Adelina Geyer conducted "Land of Volcanoes" workshop at l'Alzina public school in front of a classroom of 4-5 years old students. The activity was divided in two parts with a total duration of 45 minutes: 1) Brief introductory talk: this part

  18. Vortex lattice matching effects in a washboard pinning potential induced by Co nanostripe arrays

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dobrovolskiy, Oleksandr V.; Begun, Evgeniya; Huth, Michael; Shklovskij, Valerij A.; Tsindlekht, Menachem I.


    We furnish superconducting Nb thin films with linearly-extended uniaxial pinning nanostructures. An array of Co stripes is deposited by focused electron beam-induced deposition. Nanostructures are designed to be commensurate with the vortex lattice at small magnetic fields. We investigate vortex lattice matching effects by magneto-transport measurements. Drops in ρ(B) are observed only when the vortex lattice parameter matches the nanostructure period. No matching effects corresponding to the Co stripe width have been observed. Drops in ρ(B) are more pronounced for the vortex motion perpendicular to the Co stripes. An advanced mask-less nanofabrication technique, focused electron beam-induced deposition (FEBID), has been employed on epitaxial Nb thin films to prepare ferromagnetic decorations in the form of an array of Co stripes. These substantially modify the non-patterned films' superconducting properties, providing a washboard-like pinning potential landscape for the vortex motion. At small magnetic fields B ≤ 0.1 T, vortex lattice matching effects have been investigated by magneto-transport measurements. Step-like drops in the field dependencies of the films resistivity ρ(B) have been observed in particular for the vortex motion perpendicular to the Co stripes. The field values, corresponding to the middle points of these drops in ρ(B), meet the vortex lattice parameter matching the pinning structure's period. These disagree with the results of Jaque et al. (2002) , who observed matching effects corresponding to the stripe width in Nb films grown on periodically distributed submicrometric lines of Ni.

  19. Sur le discours et l’histoire en foucault. Entretien avec Jacques Guilhaumou

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Welisson Marques


    Full Text Available Dans cet entretien inédit, Jaques Guilhaumou parle sur la question du discours et de l´histoire dans la pensée de Michel Foucault en regardant telles questions à partir du belvédère de l’Analyse du Discours selon la perception française. Il commence en présentant un panorama de ses travaux plus actuels et souligne ensuite le rôle décisif de Foucault dans le établissement de une nouvelle relation entre le discours et l´histoire. Dans cette direction, il donne des détails sur quelques influences épistémologiques de la pensée foucaultienne qui viennent surtout de Nietzsche et Koselleck. Comme un grand étudiant de la pensée marxiste, Guilhaumou parle aussi sur le concept de l´ideologie et ses plusières métamorphoses conceptuelles dans autres champs jusqu´au moment de parler sur la question du pouvoir. Il parle quand même sur la problématique de l´analyse des images dans l´Analyse du Discours, une question favorable pour beaucoup des analystes du discours qui s´occupent avec le syncrétisme sémiotique des ses objets dans l´actualité. Enfin, il indique l´existence de une théorie du discours diluée dans la pensée du philosophe.

  20. “Vive, Muere, Repite”: el blockbuster ante el desafío interactivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available El atractivo interactivo de apps y videojuegos ha puesto en jaque la hegemonía de la industria cinematográfica en la escena del entretenimiento audiovisual contemporáneo. La amenaza de la interactividad no sólo ha afectado a los procesos más técnicos de producción y postproducción, sino que su influencia se deja notar en la narrativa del producto estrella del cine mainstream: el blockbuster de acción. Este artículo propone un acercamiento al maridaje de la poética del cine de acción contemporáneo con determinados rasgos de las mecánicas elementales de los videojuegos a colación de la peculiar forma narrativa de Al filo del mañana (Edge of Tomorrow, D. Liman, 2014: un bucle temporal que sus personajes se ven obligados a repetir ad nauseam. Como si de un videojuego se tratase, la reversibilidad de la muerte se convierte en requisito indispensable para la superación de un desafío narrativo que demanda la participación de la figura del espectador/usuario activo del entretenimiento digital contemporáneo. Las estrategias de asimilación de la forma del videojuego permiten comprobar que la línea de separación entre ambos sigue contando con una frontera insalvable por lo distinto de sus rasgos estructurales.

  1. What is effective is fair Lo eficaz es justo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Le Mouël Jacques


    Full Text Available In this text, which comes from Chapter 3 of his book, Jacques Le Mouel completes the philosophical reflection about the entrepreneurial myth of effectiveness founded in the sophism: "What is effective is true. What is true is faie. Therefore, what is effective is fair". The fact that management is elevated to the category of paradigm for the economic model of Western society and the collapse of the economies of the East has led to neglect that, now, we ourselves are the modelo His analysis of the supposed neutrality of science and of the differences between ethics and morality, in the framework of the firm and its relations with society, lead him to conclude that it is not true that what is effective is fair, and that the firm cannot serve as a model for contemporary society, since the end does not justify the means.En este texto, que corresponde al capitulo 3 de su libro, Jaques Le Mouël completa la reflexión filosófica sobre el mito empresarial de la eficacia funadado en el sofisma: "Lo eficaz es verdadero. Lo verdadero es justo. Luego, lo eficaz es justo". El hecho de elevar la administración a la categoría de paradigma del modelo económico de la sociedad occidental y el hundimiento de las economías del Este han llevado a ignorar que, ahora, el modelo somos nosotros mismos. Su análisis de la pretendida neutralidad de la ciencia y las diferencias entre ética y moral, en el marco de la empresa y en sus relaciones con la sociedad, lo lleva a concluir que no es cierto que lo eficaz sea justo y que la empresa no puede servir de modelo a la sociedad contemporánea, pues el fin no justifica los medios.

  2. Vanguardias: institución y Representación en el Campo Cultural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Strá, Sebastián Matías


    Full Text Available [es] Este trabajo plantea, básicamente, la indagación sobre un momento determinado del Campo de Producción Cultural. Un momento que nos posibilitó la pregunta por algunos conceptos que aparecen viabilizados en la existencia de las vanguardias europeas de principios de siglo XX. Este período de la historia del arte puso en jaque la Representación y la Institución, sobre todo mediante las “tomas de posición” de aquellos grupos, presentes no sólo en las obras concretas, sino en sus producciones discursivas.En estas producciones nos centraremos, indagándolas a partir de la lectura de los manifiestos publicados por dichas vanguardias. De allí el intento de acercarnos a un momento que aparece como prólogo general a la problemática relación entre lenguaje, estética y representación en una forma de experiencia que para muchos puede ser denominada posmoderna. [en] This work basically raises inquiries about some concepts which appeared among the European avant gardes at the beginning of the 20th century. This period of the art history checkmated the Representation and the Institution, especially due to positions taken by the avant gardes, depicted not only on specific art works but in discourse production as well.Important emphasis will be put on this production scrutinizing the manifestos published by these groups of artists. Therefore, this attemp to approach a moment which seems to be a general prologue to the problematic relationship between language, aesthetics and representation that many people would call a postmodern experience.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander R. Cuthbert


    Full Text Available Abstract Over the last ten years and 1000 pages of text, I outlined a unified field theory which I refer to as The New Urban Design. Possessing the same structure, the three books can be read in series or in parallel, and may best be described as a matrix of possibilities (Cuthbert 2003, 2006, 2011. In this paper I revisit some of the ideas in these texts that need to be more fully developed. Important among them are the undeniable effects of this new field for architecture and urban planning, and an expanded brief on the use of Marxian modes of production to support social analysis in these disciplines. From this perspective we can at least develop some truth as to the historical progress of urban form. In redefining urban design as an independent field, architecture and urban planning subsequently become different regions of thought from what they had previously entertained, namely during the period when they colonised urban design and shared the spoils between them. Extending this argument even further, it is clear that neither discipline, nor the resulting mainstream urban design (i.e. one produced by architects and planners - have had resort to a social theory of their own existence. All so called theories of architecture and urban planning, have failed with good reason. Architecture has relied almost exclusively on aesthetics and technology for its self awareness. Despite the fact that social theory began to penetrate planning theory in the 1970’s, this did not change the idea that planning can have no internally generated theory other than the trivial, since it is an epiphenomenon of the state. It is not an independent factor in urbanisation, and therefore can have no consciousness of its own that is any more than ideological in the Marxist use of the term. In conclusion, the paper suggests that if the weltanshuung of the New Urban Design is persuasive, this has wide ranging implications for education, practice and the development

  4. Buruli ulcer: wound care and rehabilitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frimpong M


    Full Text Available Michael Frimpong,1 Fred Stephen Sarfo,2 Mabel Sarpong Duah,1 Mark Wansbrough-Jones,3 Richard O Phillips2 1Kumasi Centre for Collaborative Research in Tropical Medicine, 2Department of Medicine, School of Medical Sciences, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana; 3Institute for Infection and Immunity, St George’s University of London, London, UK Abstract: Buruli ulcer caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans is a neglected tropical disease characterized by extensive ulceration involving predominantly the upper and lower limbs of patients. The disease is common in rural tropical communities in West and Central Africa, where access to proper health care is limited. Pathogenesis of the characteristic painless ulcers is linked to the elaboration by M. ulcerans of a lipid toxin called mycolactone that has potent cytopathic, immunosuppressive, and analgesic effects on a host of cells in cutaneous tissues. Mycolactone is known to profoundly inhibit secretion of a plethora of proteins that are essential for wound healing. Even though a combination antibacterial therapy of streptomycin and rifampicin for 8 weeks is effective for treatment, it relies on good and appropriate wound management to prevent secondary bacterial infections and improve healing. Evidence-based interventions for wound care in Buruli ulcer disease are often lacking and have relied on expert advice and recommendations. Surgical interventions are limited to debridement of necrotic tissue and grafting of extensive ulcers, usually after antibiotic therapy. Patients’ rehabilitation is an important component of care to reduce disabilities associated with the disease and proper integration into the community after treatment. Keywords: Buruli ulcer, Mycobacterium ulcerans disease, Mycobacterium ulcerans, wound care, rehabilitation, disability

  5. Translations of Poems by Yang Lian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mabel Lee


    Full Text Available Biographical note on Yang Lian Yang Lian grew up in Beijing and began to establish his credentials as a poet from 1979. His early collections in China include Ritualisation of the Soul (1985, Desolate Soul (1986, Yellow (1989 and his long poem Yi that was first published under the title Sun and Man (1991. His poetry began to appear in English translations by John Minford, Sean Golden and Alisa Joyce in the Hong Kong translation magazine Renditions (1983 and 1985. He travelled to Australia in 1988, and then to New Zealand in 1989. After the June 4 events in Tiananmen Square, Beijing, he sought and obtained New Zealand citizenship. In 1991 he relocated to London where he now lives. His poems, essays and criticism have been collected in Yang Lian’s Works, 1982–1997 (1998 in two volumes and amounting to over 1000 pages, and in Yang Lian’s New Works, 1998-2002 (2003. Yang Lian’s major collections in English include: Masks and Crocodile (1990, The Dead in Exile (1990 and Yi (2002, translated by Mabel Lee; Non-Person Singular (1996, Where the Sea Stands Still (1999, Notes of a Blissful Ghost (2002, Concentric Circles (2005, translated by Brian Holton; and Unreal City: A Chinese Poet in Auckland (2006, translated by Jacob Edmond and Hilary Chung. Selections of his poems have been translated in over thirty languages, and have enabled him to travel regularly to literary festivals all over the world. In 1999 he won the Flaiano International Prize for Poetry.

  6. Safety and immunotoxicity assessment of immunomodulatory monoclonal antibodies (United States)

    Morton, Laura Dill; Spindeldreher, Sebastian; Kiessling, Andrea; Allenspach, Roy; Hey, Adam; Muller, Patrick Y; Frings, Werner; Sims, Jennifer


    Most therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) licensed for human use or in clinical development are indicated for treatment of patients with cancer and inflammatory/autoimmune disease and as such, are designed to directly interact with the immune system. A major hurdle for the development and early clinical investigation of many of these immunomodulatory mAbs is their inherent risk for adverse immune-mediated drug reactions in humans such as infusion reactions, cytokine storms, immunosuppression and autoimmunity. A thorough understanding of the immunopharmacology of a mAb in humans and animals is required to both anticipate the clinical risk of adverse immunotoxicological events and to select a safe starting dose for first-in-human (FIH) clinical studies. This review summarizes the most common adverse immunotoxicological events occurring in humans with immunomodulatory mAbs and outlines non-clinical strategies to define their immunopharmacology and assess their immunotoxic potential, as well as reduce the risk of immunotoxicity through rational mAb design. Tests to assess the relative risk of mAb candidates for cytokine release syndrome, innate immune system (dendritic cell) activation and immunogenicity in humans are also described. The importance of selecting a relevant and sensitive toxicity species for human safety assessment in which the immunopharmacology of the mAb is similar to that expected in humans is highlighted, as is the importance of understanding the limitations of the species selected for human safety assessment and supplementation of in vivo safety assessment with appropriate in vitro human assays. A tiered approach to assess effects on immune status, immune function and risk of infection and cancer, governed by the mechanism of action and structural features of the mAb, is described. Finally, the use of immunopharmacology and immunotoxicity data in determining a minimum anticipated biologic effect Level (MABEL) and in the selection of safe human

  7. Subsidies to target specialist outreach services into more remote locations: a national cross-sectional study. (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Belinda G; McGrail, Matthew R; Stoelwinder, Johannes U


    Objective Targeting rural outreach services to areas of highest relative need is challenging because of the higher costs it imposes on health workers to travel longer distances. This paper studied whether subsidies have the potential to support the provision of specialist outreach services into more remote locations. Methods National data about subsidies for medical specialist outreach providers as part of the Wave 7 Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) Survey in 2014. Results Nearly half received subsidies: 19% (n=110) from a formal policy, namely the Australian Government Rural Health Outreach Fund (RHOF), and 27% (n=154) from other sources. Subsidised specialists travelled for longer and visited more remote locations relative to the non-subsidised group. In addition, compared with non-subsidised specialists, RHOF-subsidised specialists worked in priority areas and provided equally regular services they intended to continue, despite visiting more remote locations. Conclusion This suggests the RHOF, although limited to one in five specialist outreach providers, is important to increase targeted and stable outreach services in areas of highest relative need. Other subsidies also play a role in facilitating remote service distribution, but may need to be more structured to promote regular, sustained outreach practice. What is known about this topic? There are no studies describing subsidies for specialist doctors to undertake rural outreach work and whether subsidies, including formal and structured subsidies via the Australian Government RHOF, support targeted outreach services compared with no financial support. What does this paper add? Using national data from Australia, we describe subsidisation among specialist outreach providers and show that specialists subsidised via the RHOF or another source are more likely to provide remote outreach services. What are the implications for practitioners? Subsidised specialist outreach providers are

  8. Annual symposium on Frontiers in Science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Metzger, N.; Fulton, K.R.


    This final report summarizes activities conducted for the National Academy of Sciences' Annual Symposium on Frontiers of Science with support from the US Department of Energy for the period July 1, 1993 through May 31, 1998. During the report period, five Frontiers of Science symposia were held at the Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center of the National Academies of Sciences and Engineering. For each Symposium, an organizing committee appointed by the NAS President selected and planned the eight sessions for the Symposium and identified general participants for invitation by the NAS President. These Symposia accomplished their goal of bringing together outstanding younger (age 45 or less) scientists to hear presentations in disciplines outside their own and to discuss exciting advances and opportunities in their fields in a format that encourages, and allows adequate time for, informal one-on-one discussions among participants. Of the 458 younger scientists who participated, over a quarter (124) were women. Participant lists for all symposia (1993--1997) are attached. The scientific participants were leaders in basic research from academic, industrial, and federal laboratories in such disciplines as astronomy, astrophysics, atmospheric science, biochemistry, cell biology, chemistry, computer science, earth sciences, engineering, genetics, material sciences, mathematics, microbiology, neuroscience, physics, and physiology. For each symposia, the 24 speakers and discussants on the program were urged to focus their presentations on current cutting-edge research in their field for a scientifically sophisticated but non-specialist audience, and to provide a sense of the experimental data--what is actually measured and seen in the various fields. They were also asked to address questions such as: What are the major research problems and unique tools in their field? What are the current limitations on advances as well as the frontiers? Speakers were asked to provide a

  9. [Connection between the evaluation of positive or negative valence and verbal responses to a lexical decision making task]. (United States)

    Brouillet, Thibaut; Syssau, Arielle


    Evaluation of the positive or negative valence of a stimulus is an activity that is part of any emotional experience that has been mostly studied using the affective priming paradigm. When the prime and the target have the same valence (e.g. positive prime and positive target), the target response is facilitated as a function of opposing valence conditions (e.g. negative prime and positive target). These studies show that this evaluation is automatic but depends on the nature of the task's implied response because the priming effects are only observed for positive responses, not for negative responses. This result was explained in automatic judgmental tendency model put forth by Abelson and Rosenberg (1958) and Klauer and Stern (1992). In this model, affective priming assumes there is an overlap between both responses, the first response taking precedence as a function of the prime-target valence, and the second response one that is required by the task. We are assuming that another type of response was not foreseen under this model. In fact, upon activating the valence for each of the prime-target elements, two preliminary responses would be activated before the response on the prime-target valence relationship. These responses are directly linked to the prime and target evaluation independently of the prime-target relationship. This hypothesis can be linked to the larger hypothesis whereby the evaluative process is related to two distinct motivational systems corresponding to approach and avoidance behaviour responses (Lang, Bradley, & Cuthbert, 1990; Neuman & Strack, 2000; Cacciopo, Piester & Bernston, 1993). In this study, we use the hypothesis that when a word leads to a positive valence evaluation, this favours a positive verbal response and inversely, a negative valence word favours a negative response. We are testing this hypothesis outside the affective priming paradigm to study to what extent evaluating a word, even when it is not primed, activates both

  10. Reseña Libro: Malditas. Una estirpe transfeminista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Medina-Vicent


    Full Text Available Autora: Itziar Ziga Tafalla: Editorial Txalaparta, 2014   La autora de Devenir Perra (Melusina, 2009, Un zulo propio (Melusina, 2009 y Sexual Herria (Txalaparta, 2011 vuelve a agitar nuestras conciencias con su última obra titulada Malditas. Una estirpe transfeminista (2014. De nuevo, Itziar Ziga nos sorprende con su tono irreverente y su escritura directa. En esta ocasión, la autora recupera las biografías de ocho mujeres que aunque fueron claves en el desarrollo del movimiento feminista, han sido generalmente olvidadas e incluso minusvaloradas dentro de las propias filas del movimiento por la igualdad. De este modo, Ziga nos introduce en las perspectivas de las minorías, las obreras, las lesbianas, las negras, las chicanas, las putas, las transexuales… todos aquellos grupos que aún luchan por derrocar la noción dominante del sujeto del feminismo, así como ampliar su sentido. A través de su obra, así como de su trayectoria y comprometido activismo, Ziga pone en jaque al “Feminismo del Gran Poder”, como ella misma denomina. Sus palabras nos recuerdan que la lucha feminista no ha sido homogénea, sino que ha estado protagonizada a lo largo de las décadas por mujeres diversas, por grupos dispares que no se corresponden con el modelo de mujer blanca, occidental y heterosexual que parece ostentar el monopolio del discurso feminista en nuestra sociedad. En este sentido y con el objetivo de ampliar dicha noción, la selección de las biografías que aparecen en la obra se basa, según Ziga, en un aspecto común que une a todas las mujeres estudiadas, esto es, el estigma y la rebeldía: “todas fueron, son y serán mujeres de acción a las que les persigue cierto malditismo y que nunca trataron de erigirse como líderes”.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giordano Schmitz Toldo

    Full Text Available RESUMO Esse trabalho abrange uma visão crítica sobre cinema como peça artística ou mercadológica estabelecendo uma relação com as características estruturais das produtoras. A pesquisa objetiva entender as formas como as empresas de cinema do Rio Grande do Sul se estruturam procurando uma correspondência com o tipo de cinema produzido. Para caracterizar as estruturas organizacionais foram utilizadas as definições de Richard Hall e Henry Mintzberg, sobre tipos de estruturas. O arcabouço teórico para compreender a visão dos realizadores sobre cinema foi construído com base em autores como Ricciotto Canudo, Jaques Aumont, Jean-Claude Bernadet, entre outros. As empresas estudadas foram: Avante Filmes, Gus Gus Cinema, Millimetros, Otto Desenhos, Tokyo Filmes, Panda Filmes, Prana Filmes, TGD. A partir de entrevistas realizadas com as produtoras, dois conceitos de Mintzberg (1994 foram determinantes para as definições de estrutura: a Adhocracia e a Burocracia Profissional. Como resultado, percebeu-se que as empresas Avante Filmes, Gus Gus Cinema, Millimetros, Tokyo Filmes e Prana Filmes se encaixaram na categoria adhocrática e foram elas que apresentaram uma inclinação para o cinema de arte, reflexivo e de maior preocupação estética. Na Burocracia Profissional, há as produtoras Otto Desenhos, Panda Filmes e TGD, cujas produções cinematográficas se relacionam com questões primordialmente mercadológicas. O reconhecimento das diferenças estruturais e ideológicas permite que se avance nas políticas de desenvolvimento do cinema no estado e no país. Desenvolvimento ainda enraizado em políticas públicas de incentivo, fomento e apoio que procura ser democrático na distribuição de seus prêmios. Novas medidas governamentais de apoio ao audiovisual já correlacionam a distribuição do incentivo conforme a visão sobre cinema dos realizadores. Questões estruturais também servem de critérios para a criação dos incentivos

  12. Conflicto sin final, espejismo de la paz. Diálogos exploratorios en el Gobierno de Álvaro Uribe con el ELN (2005-2007 Conflict Without End Mirage of Peace. Explorative Peace Dialogs in the Government of Álvaro Uribe with the ELN (2005-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Mauricio Castaño Barrera


    Full Text Available En 2005 se inició entre el gobierno de Álvaro Uribe y el Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN un proceso de diálogo exploratorio de paz, que finalizó sin éxito en 2007. El proceso no pasa de su fase inicial porque no logra estabilizar y consolidar la mesa formal de negociación de paz que pese a fuertes incompatibilidades logró desarrollar siete rondas de diálogos. Mediante un análisis de caso de las condiciones necesarias para la generación de una mesa de paz formal según la teoría de los procesos de paz de Vincenç Fisas, se explica cómo se dio el reconocimiento político del ELN sin reconocimiento del conflicto simultáneamente por parte del Gobierno nacional, se reconstruyen los rasgos que fueron de mayor valor sobre las actitudes cooperativas y competitivas de las partes que posibilitaron pese a la agenda restringida del Gobierno nacional, tanto el inicio del proceso de paz como su ruptura; y finalmente se realiza un balance descriptivo de la organización de las terceras partes mediadoras durante el proceso y algunos incidentes que pusieron en jaque este aspecto.In the year 2005 the government of Álvaro Uribe began an explorative peace dialog with the ELN, which ended unsuccessfully in the year 2007. The process did not exceed the pre-negotiation phase because it failed to establish and consolidate the formal peace table. This article will evaluate through an analysis of this case which conditions are necessary to establish a formal dialog of peace based on the theory of peace process from Vincenç Fisas. This article will explain how the ELN was politically recognized by the government but not the conflict itself, it will reconstruct the most important aspects about the cooperative and competitive attitudes of the parts that enabled, in spite of a restricted agenda of the National Government, the beginning of the peace process as well as its breakdown and finally it will evaluate the impact of the mediators in this peace

  13. La Cuadrilla de Punata. Un caso de bandolerismo político en Cochabamba a fines del siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huascar Rodríguez García


    Full Text Available El artículo aborda los orígenes, las andanzas y el ocaso de una organización criminal boliviana denominada “la cuadrilla de Punata”: un clan familiar que trabajaba para los gobiernos conservadores de fines del siglo XIX mediante redes clientelares de las que formaban parte no pocos policías. En un momento la banda puso en jaque al gobierno de Severo Fernández Alonso y se convirtió en un asunto de Estado, pese a lo cual esta organización jamás ha sido investigada y su historia permaneció hasta hoy sepultada en los archivos. Por otra parte, a través de la saga de la cuadrilla de Punata pueden conocerse un conjunto de temas inexplorados en la historiografía cochabambina: los nexos entre el crimen, la política y el poder policial, el tratamiento periodístico de la delincuencia y las pugnas entre liberales y conservadores en la antesala de la Guerra Federal. Finalmente el artículo propone también una interpretación original del fenómeno del bandolerismo político.   This article discusses the origins, undertakings and decline of a Bolivian criminal organization called the "Punata Gang": a family clan that worked for the conservative governments of the late nineteenth century through patronage networks, of which more than a few policemen partook. At one point, the gang threatened the government of Severo Fernández Alonso and the issue became a State affair. In spite of that, the organization was never investigated and its history has remained until today buried in the archives. Moreover, by looking at the Punata Gang’s saga this paper addresses a series of topics yet to be explored in the Cochabamba historiography: the relation between crime, politics and police power; the press coverage of delinquency; and the conflicts between liberals and conservatives on the verge of the Federal War. Finally, this article further proposes an original interpretation of the phenomenon of political banditry.

  14. The ICESat-2 mission: design, status, applications and pre-launch performance assessments for monitoring cryopsheric changes (United States)

    Neumann, T.; Markus, T.; Csatho, B. M.; Martino, A. J.


    use changes and ocean surface topography and more. This presentation will provide an overview and status of the ICESat-2 mission, elaborate on its expected elevation precision and accuracy, and present simulated ICESat-2 data based on an airborne ICESat-2 simulator - the Multiple Altimeter Beam Experimental Lidar (MABEL).

  15. Long-term safety and efficacy of etanercept in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Senabre-Gallego JM


    Full Text Available José Miguel Senabre-Gallego,1 Carlos Santos-Ramirez,2 Gregorio Santos-Soler,1 Esteban Salas-Heredia,1 Mabel Sánchez-Barrioluengo,3 Xavier Barber,4 José Rosas1 On behalf of the AIRE-MB group 1Rheumatology, Hospital Marina Baixa, Villajoyosa, 2Rheumatology, Hospital Marina Salud, Denia, 3INGENIO (Instituto de Gestión de la Inovación y del Conocimiento (CSIC [Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas]-UPV [Universidad Politécnica de Valencia], Universitat Politècnica de València, Valencia, 4CIO (Centro de Investigación Operativa-UMH (Universidad Miguel Hernández, Universidad Miguel Henández, Elche, Spain Abstract: To date, anti-tumor necrosis factor alfa (anti-TNF-α therapy is the only alternative to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis. Etanercept is a soluble TNF receptor, with a mode of action and pharmacokinetics different to those of antibodies and distinctive efficacy and safety. Etanercept has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis, with or without radiographic sacroiliitis, and other manifestations of the disease, including peripheral arthritis, enthesitis, and psoriasis. Etanercept is not efficacious in inflammatory bowel disease, and its efficacy in the treatment of uveitis appears to be lower than that of other anti-TNF drugs. Studies of etanercept confirmed regression of bone edema on magnetic resonance imaging of the spine and sacroiliac joint, but failed to reduce radiographic progression, as do the other anti-TNF drugs. It seems that a proportion of patients remain in disease remission when the etanercept dose is reduced or administration intervals are extended. Etanercept is generally well tolerated with an acceptable safety profile in the treatment of ankylosing spondylitis. The most common adverse effect of etanercept treatment is injection site reactions, which are generally self-limiting. Reactivation of tuberculosis, reactivation of

  16. Family effects on the rurality of GP's work location: a longitudinal panel study. (United States)

    McGrail, Matthew R; Russell, Deborah J; O'Sullivan, Belinda G


    Reduced opportunities for children's schooling and spouse's/partner's employment are identified internationally as key barriers to general practitioners (GPs) working rurally. This paper aims to measure longitudinal associations between the rurality of GP work location and having (i) school-aged children and (ii) a spouse/partner in the workforce. Participants included 4377 GPs responding to at least two consecutive annual surveys of the Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) national longitudinal study between 2008 and 2014. The main outcome, GP work location, was categorised by remoteness and population size. Five sequential binary school-age groupings were defined according to whether a GP had no children, only preschool children (aged 0-4 years), at least one primary-school child (aged 5-11 years), at least one child in secondary school (aged 12-18 years), and all children older than secondary school (aged ≥ 19). Partner in the workforce was defined by whether a GP had a partner who was either currently working or looking for work, or not. Separate generalised estimating equation models, which aggregated consecutive annual observations per GP, tested associations between work location and (i) educational stages and (ii) partner employment, after adjusting for key covariates. Male GPs with children in secondary school were significantly less likely to work rurally (inclusive of > 50 000 regional centres through to the smallest rural towns of locations were not significantly associated with the educational stage of their children. Having a partner in the workforce was not associated with work location for male GPs, whereas female GPs with a partner in the workforce were significantly less likely to work in smaller rural/remote communities (location is related to key family needs which differ according to GP gender and educational stages of children. Such non-professional factors are likely to be dynamic across the GP's lifespan and

  17. Aspects of work-life balance of Australian general practitioners: determinants and possible consequences. (United States)

    Shrestha, Durga; Joyce, Catherine M


    The Australian general practitioner (GP) workforce, especially younger generation GPs and female GPs, increasingly prioritises work-life balance (WLB). Good WLB is associated with decreased interest of medical students in general practice as a speciality choice as well as good health and wellbeing, and decisions of GPs to retire early. Therefore, understanding the role played by different factors in achieving WLB is crucial to ensure a sufficient GP workforce necessary to meet the rising demands of health care. There is a dearth of empirical, quantitative, large, population-based studies assessing the level of WLB in the Australian GP population as well as contributing and consequent factors. Our study fills this identified gap in the current literature. This study aimed to investigate the extent, determinants and possible consequences of WLB of Australian GPs. Data for this study come from the baseline cohort of the Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) longitudinal, population-level survey. Questionnaires tailored specifically for GPs and GP registrars were sent to all clinically active GPs registered in the Australian Medical Publishing Co. (AMPCo) database (n=22137), with a choice of completing either a paper or online version. Data were collected between June and December 2008. STATA (10.0) was used for conducting weighted data analyses. Regression methods were applied for assessing the associations between dependent and independent variables. Of the 3906 GPs (17.6%) who responded, 53% reported that the balance between their personal and professional commitments was about right. Generation X GPs and females reported a better WLB than baby boomers and males respectively. However, those reporting good WLB also worked significantly fewer hours than those reporting poor WLB. GPs who reported good opportunities for leisure activities and perceived that they have good health also reported better WLB. Contrastingly, those reporting difficulty


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Celeste Zárate


    Full Text Available Las Tecnologías de la Información y Comunicación (TIC abren caminos en nuevos espacios y ambientes de aprendizaje que complementan la formación presencial tradicional. En especial son de creciente interés aquellas que han incorporado de forma completa o parcial lo que se ha denominado e-Learning. Entendemos como e-Learning a: cualquier acción formativa (intencionada en la que los conocimientos y competencias se adquieren mediante diferentes tipos de interacciones (alumno-contenidos; alumnos-alumnos; alumno-formador; alumno-interface que se gestionan a través de recursos y espacios virtuales accesibles principalmente a través de Internet. El equipo de cátedra del Seminario de Ordenamiento Territorial, dirigido por la Prof. Mabel Alvarez, forma parte del proyecto “Plataforma e-Learning sobre Geoinformación”, identificado como PI605 en la UNPSJB, que está en actividad desde el año 2006 y cuyo Director es el Ing. Juan Carlos Usandivaras de la Universidad Nacional de la Plata. Los alumnos que cursan Ordenamiento Territorial presentan ciertas carencias para la realización de investigaciones educativas a través de Internet, como así también para identificar fuentes de información sobre temas específicos de sus campos de interés. Por tal motivo se han aplicado distintas modalidades de enseñanza - aprendizajeempleando TIC, para realizar búsquedas e investigaciones educativas a través de Internet. Se han empleado Comunidades Virtuales de aprendizaje para el contacto permanente entre los alumnos y el equipo de cátedra, como medio para la concreción de trabajos individuales, grupales y colaborativos en ambientes virtuales, a fin de de fortalecer a los alumnos en el uso y aplicación de estas nuevas tecnologías. En este trabajo se describen algunas de las actividades realizadas con énfasis en la relación docente alumno a través de las TIC y los resultados obtenidos, como así también mi experiencia personal como colaboradora

  19. An innovative educational approach to professional development of medical laboratory scientists in Botswana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magowe MK


    Full Text Available Mabel KM Magowe,1 Jenny H Ledikwe,2,3 Ishmael Kasvosve,1 Robert Martin,2 Kabo Thankane,3 Bazghina-werq Semo2,31Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana; 2Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA; 3Botswana International Training and Education Center for Health, Gaborone, BotswanaPurpose: To address the shortage of laboratory scientists in Botswana, an innovative, one-year academic bridging program was initiated at the University of Botswana, to advance diploma-holding laboratory technicians towards becoming laboratory scientists holding Bachelor’s degrees. An evaluation was conducted, which described the outcomes of the program and the lessons learned from this novel approach to meeting human resource needs.Methods: This was a cross-sectional, mixed-methods evaluation. Qualitative interviews were conducted with graduates of the Bachelor of Science (BSc Medical Laboratory Sciences (MLS bridging program, along with the graduates’ current supervisors, and key informants who were involved in program development or implementation. The quantitative data collected included a written questionnaire, completed by program graduates, with a retrospective pre-test/post-test survey of graduates’ confidence, in terms of key laboratory competencies.Results: The BSc MLS bridging program produced thirty-three laboratory scientists over 3 years. There was a significant increase in confidence among graduates, for specified competencies, after the program (P<0.05. Graduates reported acquiring new skills and, often, accepting new responsibilities at their former workplace, particularly in relationship to leadership and management. Five graduates enrolled in advanced degree programs. Most graduates assumed increased responsibility. However, only two graduates were promoted after completing the training program. The lessons learned include: the importance of stakeholder involvement, the need for

  20. Editor's welcome, PORTAL, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Allatson


    , translated by Mabel Lee (responsible for translating Nobel Laureate Gao Xingjian’s novels Soul Mountain [2000] and One Man’s Bible [2002] into English. Paul Allatson, Chair, PORTAL Editorial Committee

  1. Chinua Achebe's novel Things fall apart as a response to the negative portrayal of Africans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Babnik


    , and that of women, no less, which is only fully realized in Achebe’s last novel Th e Anthills of the Savanna. Many African women writers, including Flora Mwapa, Ama Ata Aidoo, Buchi Emecheta, Mariama Bâ, and Mabel Segun, later »corrected« Achebe’s representation of women.

  2. Rural outreach by specialist doctors in Australia: a national cross-sectional study of supply and distribution. (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Belinda G; Joyce, Catherine M; McGrail, Matthew R


    Outreach has been endorsed as an important global strategy to promote universal access to health care but it depends on health workers who are willing to travel. In Australia, rural outreach is commonly provided by specialist doctors who periodically visit the same community over time. However information about the level of participation and the distribution of these services nationally is limited. This paper outlines the proportion of Australian specialist doctors who participate in rural outreach, describes their characteristics and assesses how these characteristics influence remote outreach provision. We used data from the Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) survey, collected between June and November 2008. Weighted logistic regression analyses examined the effect of covariates: sex, age, specialist residential location, rural background, practice arrangements and specialist group on rural outreach. A separate logistic regression analysis studied the effect of covariates on remote outreach compared with other rural outreach. Of 4,596 specialist doctors, 19% (n = 909) provided outreach; of which, 16% (n = 149) provided remote outreach. Most (75%) outreach providers were metropolitan specialists. In multivariate analysis, outreach was associated with being male (OR 1.38, 1.12 to 1.69), having a rural residence (both inner regional: OR 2.07, 1.68 to 2.54; and outer regional/remote: OR 3.40, 2.38 to 4.87) and working in private consulting rooms (OR 1.24, 1.01 to 1.53). Remote outreach was associated with increasing 5-year age (OR1.17, 1.05 to 1.31) and residing in an outer regional/remote location (OR 10.84, 5.82 to 20.19). Specialists based in inner regional areas were less likely than metropolitan-based specialists to provide remote outreach (OR 0.35, 0.17 to 0.70). There is a healthy level of interest in rural outreach work, but remote outreach is less common. Whilst most providers are metropolitan-based, rural doctors are more

  3. Alcance e valor do nome-do-pai atualmente: algumas considerações Alcance y valor del nombre-del-padre actualmente: algunas consideraciones Reach and value of name-of-the-father nowadays: some considerations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosane Zétola Lustoza


    Full Text Available O objetivo desse artigo é discutir o alcance do conceito de Nome-do-Pai atualmente. No primeiro ensino de Lacan tal conceito era considerado o pilar fundamental do diagnóstico, pois sua presença ou ausência eram decisivas para estabelecer a diferença estrutural entre neurose e psicose, porém hoje em dia o Nome-do-Pai vem sofrendo ataques a partir de três vertentes - a teórica, a clínica e a sociológica - gerando no movimento analítico dúvidas quanto a sua validade e colocando em xeque a relevância da distinção estrutural. As três fontes que colocariam o conceito sob suspeita seriam: o último ensino de Lacan, que pluralizou os Nomes-do-Pai; a emergência dos novos sintomas, que desafiam um diagnóstico estrutural preciso; e a decadência das figuras de autoridade no mundo social. O artigo busca responder a algumas dessas críticas, defendendo a importância do conceito de Nome-do-Pai, embora restrinja seu domínio de validade.El objetivo de este artículo es discutir el alcance del concepto de Nombre-del-padre actualmente. En la primera enseñanza de Lacan este concepto era considerado el pilar fundamental del diagnóstico, ya que su presencia o ausencia eran decisivas para establecer la diferencia estructural entre neurosis y psicosis. Sin embargo, hoy en día el Nombre-del-padre ha sufrido ataques desde tres vertientes (teórica, clínica y sociológica, generando en el movimiento analítico dudas en cuanto a su validez y poniendo en jaque la relevancia de la distinción estructural. Las tres fuentes poniendo el concepto bajo sospecha serían: la última enseñanza de Lacan, que pluralizó los nombres-del-padre; la emergencia de los nuevos síntomas, los cuales desafían un diagnóstico estructural preciso; y la decadencia de las figuras de autoridad en el mundo social. El artículo busca contestar a algunas de esas críticas, en defensa de la importancia del concepto de Nombre-de-padre, aunque limitando su dominio de validez

  4. Meta-avaliação: das abordagens às possibilidades de aplicação Metaevaluación: de los abordajes a las posibilidades de aplicación Metaevaluation: from approaches to possibilities of application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ligia Gomes Elliot


    Full Text Available Dada a importância de seus resultados, projetos, programas e serviços dirigidos a diferentes segmentos da sociedade têm sido acompanhados por avaliações que buscam revelar se houve o alcance da desejada qualidade. No entanto, a condução adequada dessas avaliações pode ser posta em cheque, isto é, verificada por meio de meta-avaliações. Meta-avaliação foi definida como a avaliação de uma avaliação. Assim, o presente artigo apresenta algumas abordagens que representam a contribuição de diversos autores para a realização de meta-avaliações. São abordagens aplicáveis a meta-avaliações somativas e formativas. Algumas indicações de meta-avaliações já desenvolvidas fazem parte do artigo, que destaca as possibilidades de utilização da última versão publicada dos padrões internacionais de avaliação, do Joint Committee on Standards for Educational Evaluation.Dada la importancia de sus resultados, proyectos, programas y servicios dirigidos a diferentes segmentos de la sociedad han debido estar acompañados por evaluaciones que tratan de revelar si se alcanzó la calidad deseada. Aunque las metaevaluaciones han tenido una correcta conducción, ésta puede ser puesta en jaque, es decir, se puede verificar por medio de metaevaluaciones. Es bueno recordar que se definió la metaevaluación como la evaluación de una evaluación. Este artículo presenta algunos abordajes que representan la contribución de diversos autores para la realización de metaevaluaciones. Dichos abordajes se aplican a metaevaluaciones sumativas y formativas. Algunas indicaciones de las metaevaluaciones ya desarrolladas integran este artículo, que pone de relieve las posibilidades de utilización de la última versión publicada de los modelos internacionales de evaluación, del Joint Committee on Standards for Educational Evaluations.Given the importance of their results, projects, programs and services aimed at different segments of society

  5. Acariciando a contrapelo los 70. El archivo en Historia del Llanto de Alan Pauls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Sabo


    confronts the idea of past reconstruction as a social trauma reparation device. In addition, the novel questions the conception of art at the service of representation and conciliation of meaning. Therefore, we propose to read this work as a text that destabilizes representational forms of the past archive. The effect of this is an uncomfortable estrangement of the means by which actual social discourses have partially come to terms with a narrative about the 1960s and 1970s in Argentina´s recent history. The novel looks for those other materials which the archive, in order to constitute itself and be efficient, has deleted, forgotten or left unsaid. Taking into account the contributions to aesthetic enquire by Jaques Rancière and Jean Luc-Nancy, as well as the ideas by Michel Foucault and Hal Foster to archive issues, the novel can be regarded as a work dealing with past materials and reluctant to suppress meanings. The novel arises as a writing style that intends to keep memory account as an ever-processing exercise crossed by a poetics of bodies in contact. The narration of memory will be subjected to the struggles that replace it into the political arena.

  6. Análisis del Acuerdo Humanitario como Alternativa de Negociación para lograr la Libertad de los Secuestados Políticos en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Caterina Heyck Puyana


    Adicional a los Convenios de Ginebra, la normatividad internacional de los Derechos Humanos y la Constitución Política colombiana.En relación con éste último tema la investigación aborda lo que fue la Operación Jaque, a través de la cual el Ejército recuperó la libertad de la ex candidata presidencial Ingrid Betancourt, tres norteamericanos y once miembros de la Fuerza Pública.También se presenta un análisis de lo que ha sido la posición del gobierno del Presidente Uribe en relación con el Acuerdo Humanitario y la liberación de las personas secuestradas con fines políticos, muchas de ellas con más de diez años de cautiverio, así como la campaña de los familiares por lograr la libertad de sus seres queridos.

  7. Apresentação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Os Editores


    -colagem" no jornalismo impresso e Francisco Pimenta, no seu artigo "Redes multicódigos: possibilidades semióticas para o ativismo global", o alcance dos suportes hipermídias.Os argentinos José Luiz Caivano e Mabel A. López, no artigo "Retórica del negro, blanco y rojo: razonabilidad y estética para persuadir con imágenes visuales", vinculam as imagens visuais às técnicas retóricas e às práticas persuasivas. Por fim, Michael Hanke, em "Signos, comunicação e mundo da vida: a abordagem sócio-fenomenológica da semiótica de Alfred Schütz", procura chamar a atenção para a importância da relação entre semiótica e comunicação.

  8. On protolith-, metamorphic overprint, microstructure and rheology of mineral assemblages in orogenic peridotites of the central Scandinavian Caledonides (United States)

    Gilio, Mattia; Clos, Frediano; Van Roermund, Herman L. M.


    ultimate aim was to investigate whether the MWgp sub-type can be extended towards (Al-poor) spinel-bearing protolith assemblages or not. Results, including some hitherto unexpected mechanical effects, will be presented. References: Brueckner, H.K., Carswell, D.A., Griffin, W.L., Medaris, L.G., Van Roermund, H.L.M., Cuthbert, S.J. (2010). The mantle and crustal evolution of two garnet peridotite suites from the Western Gneiss Region, Norwegian Caledonides: An isotopic investigation. Lithos, 117, 1-19. doi:10.1016/j. Lithos.2010.01.011 Brueckner, H.K.and Medaris, L.G. (2000). A general model for the intrusion and evolution of "mantle" garnet peridotites in high-pressure and ultra-high-pressure metamorphic terranes. J. Metamorphic Geol., 18, 123-133. Brueckner H.K. and Van Roermund,H.L.M. (2004). Dunk tectonics: A multiple subduction//eduction model for the evolution of the Scandinavian Caledonides. Tectonics, 23, TC2004, doi:10.1029/2003tc001502. Bucher, K. (1991). Mantle fragments in the Scandinavian Caledonides. Tectonophysics, 190, 173-192. Gee, D.G., Fossen, H., Henriksen, N., Higgins, K. (2008). From the Early Paleozoic Platforms of Baltica and Laurentia to the Caledonide Orogen of Scandinavia and Greenland. Episodes, 31, 44-51. Gee, D.G., Janak, M., Majka, J., Robinson, P., Van Roermund, H.L.M (2012). UHP metamorphism along the Baltoscandian outer margin: evidence from the Seve Nappe Complex of the Swedish Caledonides. Lithosphere, in press. Janak, M., Van Roermund, H., Majka, J., Gee, D. (2012). UHP metamorphism recorded by kyanite-bearing eclogite in the Seve Nappe Complex of northern Jämtland, Swedish Caledonides. Gondwana Research, in press. Van Roermund, H.L.M. (2009). Mantle-wedge garnet peridotites from the northernmost ultra-high pressure domain of the Western Gneiss Region, SW Norway. Eur. J. Mineralogy, 21, 1085-1096. Zhang, C., Van Roermund, H.L.M., Zhang, L.F (2011). 16 - Orogenic Garnet Peridotites: Tools to Reconstruct Paleo-Geodynamic Settings of Fossil


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gusti Ayu Made Suartika


    gratefully thank for their participation. We hope that with your support, this journal will achieve its mission to be a medium for communication for new thoughts and study findings in the area of the built environment. Our editorial board includes experts in a variety of fields dealing with the built environment, individuals who have attained great respect in their diverse disciplines, including architecture, urban planning, urban design, political economy, sociology, sustainability, anthropology and history. This first Volume and first issue is opened by Professor Cuthbert who is a distinguished Visiting Professor at our University (Guru Besar Tamu, whose work has had international acclaim in the area of urban design. His article personifies many of the above qualities by offering a new theoretical framework for urban design from within the realm of social theory that he suggests can replace aesthetic and ‘cultural’ interpretations of architecture. This is followed by the second article written by Ni Made Dhina Avianthi Irawan, a civil servant of Ministry of Public Works, Department of Building and Environment in Bali. Dhina discusses the development of Blahkiuh image based on observers experiences and perception. Blahkiuh is classified as a city of class IV status in Bali. The third paper is authored by Ni Made Emmi Nutrisia Dewi, an academic of the Design Institute of Bali. Emmi’s article studies the use of communal spaces of Pedungan Village (Denpasar, and the changes and factors behind them. The fourth article is written by I Made Wirata, a professional architect, and Ngakan Putu Sueca (Professor in the Department of Architecture, Udayana University. It discusses concepts behind the Sasak houses of Segenter Village, North of Lombok. The uniqueness of these settlements is the layout of spaces that relies heavily on the placement of doors and the bale sakanem (building with six structural columns. The fifth article is authored by Dinar Sukma Pramesti, a professional

  10. Nanoscale and Microscale Heat Transfer V (NMHT-V) EUROTHERM seminar No 108

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Termentzidis, Konstantinos; Lacroix, David; Zianni, Xanthippi


    , ICN2, Spain R. Vaillon, CETHIL, INSA-Lyon, France S. Volz, EM2C, Châtenay-Malabry, France Tutorials from the invited speakers. Six tutorials were given by distinguished scientists aiming to give to young researchers an overview and background knowledge of the scientific topic of the conference. D. Cahill, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA, 'Time domain thermoreflectance, Fundamentals' K. Joulain, Un. of Poitiers, France, 'Introduction to fluctuationnal electrodynamics' P. Keblinski, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA, 'Determination of Thermal Conductivity and Interfacial Thermal Resistance by Molecular Dynamics Simulations' D. Poulikakos, ETH Zurich, Switzerland, 'How to arrest, interrogate and transport viruses in liquids one at a time' D. Jaque, Un. Autonoma de Madrid, Spain, 'Luminescence nanothermometry: Fundamentals and Applications' A. Togo, Un. Kyoto, Japan 'First-principles lattice thermal conductivity calculation and phonon database' Peer Review Statement The guest Editor of this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series is K. Termentzidis. All papers have been reviewed by expert referees among the Scientific Committee of the NMHT-V to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing. Proceeding articles (alphabetic order) [1] A. Alkurdi and S. Merabia, 'Thermal transmission at Si/Ge interface: ab initio lattice dynamics calculation' [2] J-L. Battaglia, I. De, V. Sousa, 'Inverse heat conduction problem in a phase change memory device' [3] S. Fumeron, B. Berche, F. Moraesa and F. Santos, 'Tayloring energy levels with curvature? An illustration of Da Costa formalism' [4] E. Hatzikraniotis, Th. Kyratsi, K.M. Paraskevopoulos, 'Modeling of thermal conductivity in high performing thermoelectric materials' [5] T-P. Nguyen, L. Thiery, D. Teyssieux, D. Briand and P. Vairac, &apos

  11. Martí, su presencia en la Universidad Médica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoandry Martínez Guevara


    Full Text Available Hace más de una década el Ministerio de Educación Superior puso como meta para la Universidad Cubana, la formación de profesionales más integrales, humanistas y capaces de cumplir conscientemente su función social. A primera vista el desafío parecía solucionable desde nuestras aulas en algunos años, el tesón y la calidad de nuestros profesores se convertía entonces en el arma protagónica de aquella lucha. La verdad fue que cada aula se convirtió en un campo de batalla. Las Universidades de Ciencias Médicas tuvieron el reto particular de que la formación de sus educandos debía responder no solo a las necesidades de nuestra sociedad, sino también a las sociedades latinoamericanas, africanas y luego, a los de cualquier parte del mundo donde fueran necesarios sus empeños. Ese médico que hoy viste celosamente su bata, es el resultado de miles de horas hombre entre docentes y personal asistencial de la salud para formar a un profesional capaz y responsable, pero sobre todo embajador de lo mejor de nuestras costumbres y nuestra identidad. No es solo un profesional bien preparado en su especialidad. Es digno representante de lo que Martí llamó “hombres de luz”, capaces de poner esperanza y seguridad allí donde otros sólo habían dejado lágrimas. Durante los últimos cinco años, nuestra salud pública enfrenta la peor fuga de cerebros de las últimas cuatro décadas; lo que pudiera representar una crisis en cualquier sociedad occidental que pondría en jaque la estabilidad sistémica, en nuestro país se enfrenta con inteligencia. No dejan de ser cubanos aquellos que por mejores condiciones de vida abandonan a los suyos, o los que por perseguir el sueño estrellado terminan puliendo pisos o de jardineros en las grandes capitales del mundo. La solución está en nuestras aulas, en poner en manos de los estudiantes las herramientas que le permitan ponerse del lado de los que menos tienen y aprendan a amar su profesión por

  12. La función y el papel desempeñado por la maestra en la obra de Montessori - The role and the function of the teacher in Montessori works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Avanzini


    strong idea of school; the need of clearly separating the practical  moment (teacher from the theoretical one (scientist; the respect due to the child both by scientist and teacher (neither teacher nor scientist can pre-established the  results of the single child: potentially everyone can become an excellent pupil; the defeat of the idea of neutrality/absolute objectivity, that is to say that when you  deal with human  being you cannot  pretend to  transmit notions in a neutral way. Starting from this assumptions Montessori teacher can be certainly defined a technician, but she is a new kind of technician,  because  she  isn't   neutral,  but  on  the  contrary  her humanity is in the  foreground so that  she can become an excellent teacher. Keywords: Montessori; Didactics; Teachers Training.   LA FUNCIÓN Y EL PAPEL DESEMPEÑADO POR LA MAESTRA EN LA OBRA DE MONTESSORI Resumen La función de la maestra constituye un aspecto fundamental dentro del sistema teórico montessoriano. De hecho, Montessori le atribuye a la maestra un papel muy delicado: facilitar el correcto crecimiento del niño "padre del hombre". Es por esto que el papel y la función de la maestra montessoriana deben responder a los puntos de fuerza de su  teoría educativa:  la necesidad de que haya  una  fuerte idea de escuela; la necesidad de diferenciar el momento teórico del momento práctico y el papel desempeñado por el científico del desempeñado por la maestra; el respeto que ambos deben tener del niño (ni la maestra ni  el científico pueden fijar a  priori los  resultados de cada niño: potencialmente la excelencia es para todos; el jaque mate a cualquier pretensión de neutralidad/objetividad: cuando la relación es con seres humanos es un  sinsentido pensar que existan técnicos  capaces de traspasar   nociones   de   manera   aséptica.   Según   cuanto   dicho anteriormente,  la maestra en  Montessori se puede definir como un técnico, en el

  13. Obituary: Douglas H. Sampson, 1925-2002 (United States)

    Mészáros, Peter; Clark, Robert E. H.; Zhang, Honglin; Fontes, Christopher J.


    Douglas H. Sampson, a renowned theoretical atomic physicist and a professor emeritus of astronomy and astrophysics at The Pennsylvania State University, passed away on 8 December 2002, in State College, Pennsylvania, of a hemorrhagic stroke. He had retired in 1997 after 32 years of service to the University and had maintained an active research program up to the day of his death. Doug, as he was universally known to his friends and colleagues, was born in Devils Lake, North Dakota on 19 May 1925. His parents, Abner and Mabel Sampson, were farmers. He was raised without running water or electricity on a farm, homesteaded by his ancestors in Edmore, North Dakota. He was one of two children in his class at a two-room rural elementary school and graduated as valedictorian from Edmore High School in 1944. No physics classes or advanced mathematics classes were offered in his small high school. In 1956, he was married to Carlyn Grutzner. During Doug Sampson's military service in the United States Army from February 1945 until December 1946, he was selected as a MP (Military Policeman) in the Philippines. His military experience provided him with the opportunity to attend college under the GI Bill. Because he had to work on the family farm, he started college a month later every fall and took exams a month earlier each spring. Nevertheless, Sampson graduated as co-salutatorian from Concordia College, Moorhead, Minnesota in 1951 with a BA degree with majors in physics and mathematics. Afterwards he received his MS and PhD degrees in theoretical physics from Yale University in 1953 and 1956 under the guidance of Henry Margenau. Sampson then became a staff member of the Theoretical Division of the Los Alamos National Laboratory until 1961. While there he performed calculations of fundamental atomic cross sections used in the determination of opacities for radiation transport simulations. The calculation of high quality atomic data would end up being a life long pursuit

  14. Editorial. La naturaleza y comprensión del territorio a través del hecho y memoria social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Inzulza Contardo


    , clama por una aún esperada sustentabilidad del crecimiento económico y el desarrollo social de la región. El autor agrega que es fundamental y urgente lograr una mejor distribución territorial del cobre, como el ”sueldo de Chile”, para con ello “reducir la brecha entre sus máximos ingresos per capita y su mayor pobreza multidimensional en sus áreas de vivienda, salud y educación; y tender hacia un crecimiento más sustentable”. Posteriormente, se explora la importancia del diseño urbano, a través de una trilogía de trabajos que se sitúan el hábitat residencial y diversos senderos y recorridos, tanto en el ambiente urbano como natural. Dentro de este grupo, Lorena Urbano y Monserrat Delpino nos invitan a explorar el paisaje penquista desde la convivencia y seguridad en espacios comunitarios del movimiento moderno. Usando como escenario la trascendida Remodelación Paicaví en Concepción, las autoras ponen en discusión la dialéctica que ofrece aplicar patrones urbanos como la supermanzana y sus implicancias en el espacio púbico y tejido urbano mayor, advirtiendo dificultades para la interacción de los habitantes y comprensión del barrio. De esta forma, las autoras abogan por las necesidad de metodologías imbricadas de análisis que permitan diagnosticar elementos del entorno tanto inmediatos como mediatos. Por su parte, Paulina Espinosa, Bruno de Meulder, Mabel Alarcón y Leonel Pérez nos presentan una investigación sobre el urbanismo del paisaje, sumergiéndose en el caso del Río Andalién, Concepción. Desde la relación dialéctica agua-ciudad, los autores construyen un atlas exploratorio que permite adentrarse en “la valoración y evaluación de los elementos del paisaje, en busca de conflictos y potencialidades en relación a la urbanización”. Es así que el análisis ha permitido detectar alteraciones en los ciclos del agua y en el territorio que ponen en cuestionamiento temas fundacionales como es el emplazamiento de la ciudad y