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Sample records for lynikien indre apailait

  1. Indre spenninger og ytre press

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Bjarne

    2011-01-01

    Anmeldelse af bogen 'Norsk idrett. Indre spenninger og ytre press' redigeret af Dag Vidar Hanstad, Gunnar Breivik, Mari Kristin Sisjord og Hans B. Skaset og udgivet af forlaet akilles.......Anmeldelse af bogen 'Norsk idrett. Indre spenninger og ytre press' redigeret af Dag Vidar Hanstad, Gunnar Breivik, Mari Kristin Sisjord og Hans B. Skaset og udgivet af forlaet akilles....

  2. Indre at i danske dialekter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Karen Margrethe

    2009-01-01

    Der gives en analyse af ledsætningers forfelt i sætninger med fremrykket adverbial og indre at. Rækkefølgen af det fremrykkede adverbium "ikke"og "at" kan være "at ikke" og "ikke at", i sjældne tilfælde "at ikke at". Reglerne for rækkefølgen udledes, og der opstilles to forskellige forslag til...

  3. La nécropole gauloise de “ Vaugrignon ” à Esvres-sur-Indre (Indre-et-Loire The gaulish burial ground of “ Vaugrignon ” at Esvres-sur-Indre (Indre-et-Loire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandrine Riquier

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Situé à 15 km au sud de Tours, au cœur de l’Indre-et-Loire, le village d’Esvres-sur-Indre est implanté sur le versant nord et le rebord d’un plateau qui domine la vallée de l’Indre. Suite à un projet de lotissement, au lieu-dit “ Vaugrignon ”, un diagnostic archéologique, réalisé en octobre 1998 sous la direction d’O. Ranger, a mis au jour deux inhumations de la fin de l’époque gauloise, dont l’une accompagnée d’une amphore complète (Ranger 1998. La fouille qui a suivi, en été 1999 a confirmé qu’elles étaient intégrées à un ensemble funéraire, composé d’au moins une trentaine de tombes, dont trois avec amphore et arme, datées du milieu du IIe s. av. J.-C. à l’époque augustéenne. Cette nécropole constitue le premier ensemble funéraire connu et étudié à ce jour en territoire turon, situé à la marge occidentale du secteur biturige et de ses tombes aristocratiques (Ferdière, Villard 1993.Utilisée du milieu du IIe s. av. J.-C. à l’époque augustéenne, cette nécropole se compose de 29 tombes, dont une incinération. Elle permet de suivre l’évolution des pratiques funéraires (des tombes les plus modestes à celles pourvues d’amphore et d’arme et d’aborder le statut des enfants. L’analyse des objets met en évidence des dépôts originaux, comme ces trois fibules dans des sacs, les fragments de boucliers dans des tombes de bébés, de menus objets en référence à la métallurgie du fer, des monnaies et des “ services funéraires ” spécifiques à l’âge des défunts. Des épandages de mobilier calciné illustrent des pratiques funéraires post-inhumatoires. La mise en perspective de ces tombes par rapport aux prestigieuses sépultures bituriges (groupe de Fléré-la-Rivière, situées à proximité, est l’occasion d’établir une hiérarchisation sociale à travers les assemblages de mobilier et d’illustrer une partie jusque-là méconnue de la population

  4. Petrogenesis of the crater-facies Tokapal kimberlite pipe, Indrāvati Basin, Central India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.V. Chalapathi Rao

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available New geochemical data of the crater-facies Tokapal kimberlite system sandwiched between the lower and upper stratigraphic horizons of the Mesoproterozoic Indrāvati Basin are presented. The kimberlite has been subjected to extensive and pervasive low-temperature alteration. Spinel is the only primary phase identifiable, while olivine macrocrysts and juvenile lapilli are largely pseudomorphed (talc-serpentine-carbonate alteration. However, with the exception of the alkalies, major element oxides display systematic fractionation trends; likewise, HFSE patterns are well correlated and allow petrogenetic interpretation. Various crustal contamination indices such as (SiO2 + Al2O3 + Na2O/(MgO + K2O and Si/Mg are close to those of uncontaminated kimberlites. Similar La/Yb (79–109 of the Tokapal samples with those from the kimberlites of Wajrakarur (73–145 and Narayanpet (72–156, Eastern Dharwar craton, southern India implies a similarity in their genesis. In the discriminant plots involving HFSE the Tokapal samples display strong affinities to Group II kimberlites from southern Africa and central India as well as to ‘transitional kimberlites’ from the Eastern Dharwar craton, southern India, and those from the Prieska and Kuruman provinces of southern Africa. There is a striking similarity in the depleted-mantle (TDM Nd model ages of the Tokapal kimberlite system, Bastar craton, the kimberlites from NKF and WKF, Eastern Dharwar craton, and the Majhgawan diatreme, Bundelkhand craton, with the emplacement age of some of the lamproites from within and around the Palaeo-Mesoproterozoic Cuddapah basin, southern India. These similar ages imply a major tectonomagmatic event, possibly related to the break-up of the supercontinent of Columbia, at 1.3–1.5 Ga across the three cratons. The ‘transitional’ geochemical features displayed by many of the Mesoproterozoic potassic-ultrapotassic rocks, across these Indian cratons are inferred to be

  5. La fouille du fort Saint-Georges à Chinon (Indre-et-Loire. Premiers résultats The excavation of fort Saint-Georges at Chinon (Indre-et-Loire. First results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Dufaÿ

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Cette note présente les premiers résultats des fouilles menées en 2003 et 2004 sur la quasi-totalité du fort Saint-Georges à Chinon (Indre-et-Loire. Celui-ci est l’un des trois éléments de la forteresse médiévale qui domine la ville. La fouille a permis de préciser la fonction du fort, construit dans la deuxième moitié du XIIe s., à l’époque où Chinon est le centre administratif des possessions continentales des Plantagenêt, rois d’Angleterre. Du point de vue militaire, il formait une fortification avancée, protégeant le château principal, selon une structure que Richard Cœur de Lion appliquera au Château Gaillard. À l’intérieur, de vastes bâtiments constituaient des logis, conçus peut-être au départ pour héberger la chancellerie royale.This article presents the first results of the excavations undertaken in 2003 and 2004 over almost all of the Fort Saint-Georges at Chinon (Indre-et-Loire, one of three elements of the medieval fortress which dominates the town. The excavation enabled us to clarify the function of the fort, built in the 2nd half of the 12th century at a time when Chinon was the administrative centre of the continental possesions of the Plantagenet King of England. From a military point of view, it formed an advanced fortification protecting the main castle, within a structure that Richard the Lionheart would apply to the Chayeau Gaillard. Inside, some vast buildings made up the dwellings, designed perhaps initially to house the royal chanceller.

  6. Hvordan kan fosterbarns indre arbeidsmodeller positivt påvirkes i relasjon med nære omsorgspersoner? Knyttet opp mot SIP-modellen (Sosial informasjonsprosesserings-modell)

    OpenAIRE

    Sunde, Gunn Karin

    2014-01-01

    Master's thesis in Special education Sammendrag Det er stadig flere barn som har behov for å bli omplassert i fosterhjem (Aleris, 2012), grunnet bl.a. omsorgssvikt og utrygg tilknytning (Anke, 2007). Det vil ha innflytelse på fosterbarns indre arbeidsmodeller, som er integrerte mønster hos barnet basert på erfaringer fra samspillet med tilknytningspersonene (Bowlby, 1994). SIP-modellen gir kunnskap om barns mentale prosesser og sosiale tilpasning, og viser mulighet for modifisering av f...

  7. Fængslets indre liv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Minke, Linda Annette Kjær

    2010-01-01

    fængselssamfundet. Metaforerne er et problem fordi det kan lede til uhensigtsmæssige strategier fra de ansattes side og medføre, at de indsatte internaliserer et selvbillede som primitive, farlige og særlig vanskelige at omgås.   Såvel den kvantitative som den kvalitative undersøgelse har påvist, at prisonisering...

  8. Indre motivation eller ydre tvang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koudahl, Peter

    2013-01-01

    I denne artikel vil jeg diskutere, hvordan det kan være, at til trods for politisk bevågenhed og en mængde forskellige indsatser, er det stadig op imod en femtedel af en ungdomsårgang, der ender med folkeskolen som højest gennemførte uddannelse. Til trods for at der gennem årene er igangsat en mæ...

  9. La collégiale Saint-Étienne de Neuvy-Saint-Sépulchre (Indre The collegiate church of Saint-Étienne at Neuvy-Saint-Sépulchre (Indre, France. A recent building survey of the rotunda and the nave

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon Bryant

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available La collégiale Saint-Étienne à Neuvy-Saint-Sépulchre (Indre est un des rares édifices subsistants en France qui soit conçu comme une copie de l’église du Saint-Sépulcre de Jérusalem. L’étude archéologique, réalisée pendant des travaux, a permis de préciser les étapes de son évolution depuis sa fondation dans les années 1040. La rotonde, avec ses onze piliers centraux, a été ajoutée à l’extrémité ouest d’une église antérieure. Le mur extérieur a été achevé dans cette première phase mais la cage centrale, qui abritait l’édicule, n’a été terminée qu’au début du XIIe s. Pendant la deuxième moitié du XIIe s., l’église est profondément remaniée et sans doute raccourcie avec la création d’un chevet plat. La voûte primitive est remplacée par trois travées de croisées d’ogives. L’édifice sert de refuge pendant la guerre de Cent Ans, ce qui provoque certains dégâts, partiellement réparés. Malgré les ruptures évidentes dans la construction et un plan irrégulier, l’étude montre que l’édifice est le résultat de la poursuite d’un projet architectural cohérent et original visant à évoquer l’église du Saint-Sépulcre de Jérusalem.The collegiate church of Saint-Étienne at Neuvy-Saint-Sépulchre (Department of the Indre, France is one of the few surviving rotundas built as a copy of the Holy-Sepulcre of Jerusalem during the mid 11th century. Many theories have been advanced concerning the history and the dating of this unusual monument. A recent building survey, carried out during restoration work, has managed to clarify the main phases of its evolution. The rotunda, with eleven central pillars placed around the reliquary monument, was added onto the west end of an existing church during the 1040’s. The two upper stories of the central cage, however, were not finished until the early 12th century. During the second half of the 12th century, the church was extensively

  10. Kartlegging av PCB i sedimenter fra Indre Sørfjord

    OpenAIRE

    Skei, J.; Klungsøyr, J.

    1990-01-01

    Som følge av forhøyede nivåer av PCB i fiskelever innerst i Sørfjorden er det gjennomført en sedimentundersøkelse for om mulig å finne kilden til PCB. Det ble ikke registrert høye nivåer av PCB i sedimentene. Høyeste konsentrasjoner ble målt i munningen av Eitrheimsvågen. Analyser av trafooljer brukt i Tyssedalsområdet viste spor av PCB. Statens forurensningstilsyn (SFT)

  11. Det indre og ydre liv på arbejde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundgaard Andersen, Linda

    2006-01-01

    I denne artikel introduceres to psykoanalytiske positioner – den engelske Tavistock tradition og den tyske psykoanalytiske socialpsykologi. De repræsenterer avancerede analyser af det moderne ar-bejdsliv og har en væsentlig indflydelse i den danske forskningsverden, i praktisk organisationsar......-skridende forståelser af det moderne arbejdsliv? I begge teorier tages livtag med det komplicerede samspil mellem individ, arbejdsliv og samfund, som forstås som inter-subjektive og intra-subjektive processer under påvirkning af det ubevidste. Tavistock traditionens styrke er et stærkt fokus på or-ganisationen og...

  12. Atmospheric contribution of nutritional salts to the Inner Oslo fjord; Atmosfaerisk tilfoersel av naeringssalter til indre Oslofjord

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aas, Wenche

    1999-07-01

    The Norwegian Institute for Air Research has calculated how large the contribution of atmospheric total nitrogen and phosphorus is to the Inner Oslo fjord. It is possible to neglect the local contribution of nitrogen and suppose with great probability that the contribution is at the same level as the background level in the area, that is a contribution of 600-700 mg N/m2 a year for the period 1996-1998. This amounts to 66-77 tons of nitrogen a year or about 2 % of the total addition of nitrogen to the Inner Oslo fjord. As to phosphorus the estimates are more uncertain as relatively little is known about atmospheric phosphorus. Certain investigations indicate that the contribution level is about 30 mg P/m2 a year, that is about 3 tons or 3-4 % of the total phosphorus contribution.

  13. EU's 2015 Strategi for et Digitalt Indre Marked - mere usikre regelsæt, der er sværere at overholde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Savin, Andrej

    2016-01-01

    This article analyses the 2015 EU Digital Single Market Strategy from the perspective of strategic compliance. Although the purpose of the Strategy is to stimulate investment and increase certainty, this article argues that this will be difficult to achieve. This is a result of three factors...

  14. Cancer i øjenregionen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prause, J.U.; Heegaard, S.; Toft, Peter Bjerre

    2002-01-01

    oftalmologi, cancer, tumor, øjenlåg, conjunctiva, cornea, hud, øjets indre, orbita, diagnostik, behandling......oftalmologi, cancer, tumor, øjenlåg, conjunctiva, cornea, hud, øjets indre, orbita, diagnostik, behandling...

  15. Drømmebilleder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fausing, Bent

    2014-01-01

    Bogen beskriver i en række intense analyser forbindelsen mellem ydre og indre billeder: altså mellem de moderne mediers billedverden og drømmens og erindringens indre billeder. I fokus for undersøgelsen er desuden kønnet, altså hvordan billeder viser, omformer eller skjuler kønnet, 'det andet', s...

  16. A tale of two fjords – en analyse af bundfauna samfund i Odense og Roskilde Fjord

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Banta, Gary Thomas; Delefosse, Matthieu; Canal Vergés, Paula

    gravende muslinger (f.eks. Cerastoderma spp.) mens Odense Fjord (OF) havde flere orme. Ligeledes så vi mange tubificide orme i den indre del af OF. I den indre del af RF så vi i stedet mange dansemyggelarver (Chironomidae). Af de undersøgte miljøvariable var vanddybde og salinitet (både niveauet og...

  17. Mere om konstruktivisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wohlgemuth, Ole

    2012-01-01

    antager. Det indre verdensbillede er ifølge det konstruktivistiske princip opbygget af en selv og læring foregår gennem fortolkning af sanseindtryk, der bearbejdes på grundlag af kognitive skemaer – dvs. de samlede konstruktioner, man har i hovedet i forvejen og som Jean Piaget kalder for ”indre...

  18. Præstationsløn og motivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Henning

    2013-01-01

    Individualiseret løndannelse kommer ofte til at erodere indre motivation. Fælles rammer og indsats giver de bedste resultater.......Individualiseret løndannelse kommer ofte til at erodere indre motivation. Fælles rammer og indsats giver de bedste resultater....

  19. Flip i cellemembranen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Anna Lindeløv; Vilsen, Bente; Andersen, Jens Peter

    2012-01-01

    Forskellen på fordelingen af forskellige fedtmolekyler i cellemembranens ydre og indre lag er afgørende for membranens funktion. Ny forskning kaster lys over, hvordan denne asymmetri opretholdes....

  20. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus, Vibrio cholerae. CDC V 12 El Tor, Vibrio cholerae INDRE 206, Vibrio cholerae (clinical case), Enterobacter aerogenes, Yersinia enterocolitica, Escherichia coli ATCC 53218, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853, Proteus mirabilis, Enterobacter aerogenes and Enterobacter cloacae.

  1. Den store fortælling og de tusind små detaljer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Nils Gunder

    2013-01-01

    Det er svært at mobilisere sin indre kulturpessimist, når man står midt i Harry Potter-studierne nord for London og ser børn af alle aldre og nationaliteter være totalt bjergtagne......Det er svært at mobilisere sin indre kulturpessimist, når man står midt i Harry Potter-studierne nord for London og ser børn af alle aldre og nationaliteter være totalt bjergtagne...

  2. Temperance from below

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Sidsel

    1997-01-01

    Studiet af den indre dynamik i en afholdsforening anvendes til at belyse problemstillinger som spcial integration, løsning af sociale problemer og enkeltpersoners handlingspotentiale i industrialiseringens byer. I et større perspektiv handler artiklen derfor om opbygningen af civile samfund og om...

  3. Evaluering af Københavns kommunes tre Agenda 21 centre og sattellitter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger, Annika; Hoffmann, Birgitte; Jensen, Jesper Ole

    Evaluering af Københavns kommunes tre første Agenda 21 centre på Indre Nørrebro, Bispebjerg, Sundbyøster samt sattellitterne på Østerbro og Ydre Nørrebro. Evalueringen fokuserer på centrenes forankring i lokale organisationer og netværk, samt forventningsafklaring mellem de mange involverede...

  4. Velfærdsstaten fra livsformskontrakt til universalisme: Perioder og udtryksformer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højrup, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    Præsentation af resultater fra forskningsprojektet Livsformer og velfærdsstat ved en korsvej? I artiklen beskrives det livsformsorganiserede folks velfærdsstat og den universalistiske velfærdsstat der på hver deres principielt forskellige måde er syntesen af en ydre forsvarsform og en indre samfu...

  5. Genome Sequence of Vibrio cholerae Strain O1 Ogawa El Tor, Isolated in Mexico, 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Díaz-Quiñonez, José Alberto; Hernández-Monroy, Irma; López-Martínez, Irma; Ortiz-Alcántara, Joanna; González-Durán, Elizabeth; Ruiz-Matus, Cuitláhuac; Kuri-Morales, Pablo; Ramírez-González, José Ernesto

    2014-01-01

    We present the draft genome sequence of Vibrio cholerae InDRE 3140 recovered in 2013 during a cholera outbreak in Mexico. The genome showed the Vibrio 7th pandemic islands VSP1 and VSP2, the pathogenic islands VPI-1 and VPI-2, the integrative and conjugative element SXT/R391 (ICE-SXT), and both prophages CTXφ and RS1φ.

  6. Absent Geographies: Transportation and Utopia in Musicals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eigtved, Michael

    Paperet undersøger hvordan tilstedeværelsen af transportmidler i musicalforestillinger, såvel i visuelle som fysiske reprlsentationer, kan betragtes som metaeksponeringer af fjerne lokationer, og disses potentialer i såvel forestillingens indre logik, som på er symbolsk og ideologisk niveau....

  7. Fotol nähtamatu, ent teoses tajutav / Krista Mölder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mölder, Krista, 1972-

    2011-01-01

    Londoni fotokunstnike grupinäitus "Hingetõmbeaeg" (Moments of Reprieve) Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis 21.10.-13.11.2011, kuraatorid Louisa Adam ja David Birkin, osalejad loetletud. Lähemalt Ori Gershti, leedu päritolu Indrė Šerpytyė, Taryn Simoni ja Idris Kahni fotodest

  8. Social dumping

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Klaus

    2010-01-01

    bidrag til, at OK-2010 "landes" fredeligt, fordi aftalen giver fagforeningerne en væsentlig indrømmelse i indsatsen mod social dumping. Aftalen har rigtignok til formål at imødekomme et af fagbevægelsens centrale overenskomstkrav om nye redskaber i indsatsen mod "social dumping". Men hvad er det aftalen...

  9. Præstationsledelse i en krisetid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elmholdt, Claus Westergård; Hoffmann Birk, Rasmus; Børgesen, Kenneth

    front og fra front til top? Hvad sker der når medarbejderne motiveres gennem hård performance management, målstyring og incitamenter? Hvordan kan man bedrive intelligent performance management, som ikke dræber medarbejdernes kreativitet og indre motivation? Det er nogle af de spørgsmål som behandles i...

  10. Frisk laks fra Norge til Japan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Tina; Nielsen, Lise Drewes

    2006-01-01

    Denne case er gennemført som en del af projektet "Konsekvenser af infrastruktur og det indre marked for udvalgte forsyningskæder", der blev gennemført på Institut for Transportstudier og finansieret af Transportrådet. I henhold til projektbeskrivelsen har formålet med projektet været at gennemfør...

  11. I sandhed freudiansk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lisbeth

    2015-01-01

    Lucian Freud (1922-2011) går i bogstaveligste forstand i kødet på sine portrætofre. Ligesom sin berømte farfar, Sigmund Freud, som grundlagde psykoanalysen, interesserer han sig for den menneskelige eksistens. Men i stedet for på et videnskabeligt grundlag at kortlægge forpinte menneskers indre...

  12. [Examples of the keeping of drugs during the XVIth, XVIIth and XVIIIth centuries: silenes and drawers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fievet, B

    1998-01-01

    Silenes are wooden boxes with colourful paintings for the keeping of drugs and can be found nowadays in three collections in France: Hotel-Dieu in Troyes (Aube), a pharmacy in Bauge (Maine-et-Loire) and St-Roch museum in Issoudun (Indre). Drawers can be related to silenes but they are more ordinary and less attractive.

  13. Muslim i Danmark - muslim i verden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Garbi

    muslimske ungdomsmiljø i det hele taget et homogent miljø, eller viser det os islam i Danmark som et flerstemmigt fænomen, præget af indre debat om, hvilken rolle islam skal spille nationalt og globalt? Er islam i disse sammenhænge et spirituelt budskab eller en politisk ideologi; en individuel vejledning...

  14. An abnormal portal blood flow in the inner ear

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis, Morten

    til Meniere's sygdom. Meniere's sygdom er en abnormalitet i det indre øre som er karakteriseret ved episodisk svimmelhed (vertigo), tinnitus, fluktuerende høretab og en følelse at tryk i det afficerede øre. Symptomerne er muligvis associeret med en defekt regulering af væskerne (endolymfe og perilymfe...

  15. Smil og velkommen! Om flygtningehjælperens godgørende lyster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Padovan-Özdemir, Marta; Øland, Trine

    2017-01-01

    -80, 1992-96 og 2014-16, hvor større grupper af hhv. vietnamesiske, bosniske og syriske flygtninge, ankom til Danmark. Ved brug af Homi K. Bhabhas begreber om mimicry og paranoia, samt Tess Leas begreb om interventionsmagi, søger vi at udrede de tråde, der sammenfletter hjælpens indre modsigelser, ikke ved...

  16. Three-dimensional accuracy of plastic transfer impression copings for three implant systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teo, Juin Wei; Tan, Keson B; Nicholls, Jack I; Wong, Keng Mun; Uy, Joanne

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the three-dimensional accuracy of indirect plastic impression copings and direct implant-level impression copings from three implant systems (Nobel Biocare [NB], Biomet 3i [3i], and Straumann [STR]) at three interimplant buccolingual angulations (0, 8, and 15 degrees). Two-implant master models were used to simulate a three-unit implant fixed partial denture. Test models were made from Impregum impressions using direct implant-level impression copings (DR). Abutments were then connected to the master models for impressions using the plastic impression copings (INDR) at three different angulations for a total of 18 test groups (n = 5 in each group). A coordinate measuring machine was used to measure linear distortions, three-dimensional (3D) distortions, angular distortions, and absolute angular distortions between the master and test models. Three-way analysis of variance showed that the implant system had a significant effect on 3D distortions and absolute angular distortions in the x- and y-axes. Interimplant angulation had a significant effect on 3D distortions and absolute angular distortions in the y-axis. Impression technique had a significant effect on absolute angular distortions in the y-axis. With DR, the NB and 3i systems were not significantly different. With INDR, 3i appeared to have less distortion than the other systems. Interimplant angulations did not significantly affect the accuracy of NBDR, 3iINDR, and STRINDR. The accuracy of INDR and DR was comparable at all interimplant angulations for 3i and STR. For NB, INDR was comparable to DR at 0 and 8 degrees but was less accurate at 15 degrees. Three-dimensional accuracy of implant impressions varied with implant system, interimplant angulation, and impression technique.

  17. Fra offer til kriger - at opnå et liv i balance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Lars Jørgen; Rodkjær, Lotte Ørneborg; Laursen, Tinne

    2015-01-01

    “Find din indre kriger og kom ud af din tilværelse som et sygdomsramt offer.” Det er en del af budskabet til en gruppe HIV-patienter fra et alternativt behandlingsforløb med indianeren, Hawk. Forløbet er kommet i stand på Skejby Sygehus, som samtidig har undersøgt den mentale effekt. Dokumentarfi......“Find din indre kriger og kom ud af din tilværelse som et sygdomsramt offer.” Det er en del af budskabet til en gruppe HIV-patienter fra et alternativt behandlingsforløb med indianeren, Hawk. Forløbet er kommet i stand på Skejby Sygehus, som samtidig har undersøgt den mentale effekt...

  18. Poetisk sortsyn med lys for enden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Peter Stein

    2015-01-01

    Ursula Andkjær Olsens digtsamling " Udgående fartøj" indledes med den følgende prægnante passage, der kan læses i sin helhed som " ugens digt" her på siden: " jeg har brugt tid på at tyde/ sprede dumpe fornemmelser / fra mit fjerne indre (...)......Ursula Andkjær Olsens digtsamling " Udgående fartøj" indledes med den følgende prægnante passage, der kan læses i sin helhed som " ugens digt" her på siden: " jeg har brugt tid på at tyde/ sprede dumpe fornemmelser / fra mit fjerne indre (...)...

  19. VAUGRIGNON Y LAS FLUCTUACIONES ECONÓMICAS DE LOS GALOS DURANTE LOS SIGLOS II Y I A. C. (Vaugrignon and the Economic Fluctuations of the Gauls during the Second and First Centuries BC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascual Izquierdo-Egea

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El cementerio galo de Vaugrignon (Esvres-sur-Indre, Francia arroja luz sobre las fluctuaciones económicas y los cambios sociales registrados en el territorio de los Turoni y en el resto de la Galia inmediatamente anterior y posterior a la conquista romana, entre finales del siglo II y finales del I antes de nuestra era. Sus monedas, cuyo sistema resulta perfectamente aislable, también evidencian las oscilaciones de su economía monetaria, mostrando devaluaciones, revalorizaciones o situaciones inflacionarias. ENGLISH: The Gaul cemetery at Vaugrignon—Esvres-sur-Indre, France—sheds light on the economic fluctuations and social changes in the territory of the Turoni and the rest of Gaul immediately before and after the Roman conquest, between the late second and late first centuries BC. Coins, whose system is perfectly isolable, also show the oscillations of their monetary economy, highlighting devaluations, revaluations or inflationary situations.

  20. Mindfulness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger Nielsen, Jeppe; Nielsen, Charlotte Agger

    2013-01-01

    Mindfulness har de senere år budt sig til som effektiv hjælp til selvhjælp for fortravlede ledere og professionelle. Men er meditationsøvelser og forsøg på at finde indre ”zen”-ro overhovedet lederens anstrengelser værd? Denne artikel diskuterer effekterne af mindfulness og giver ordet til såvel...

  1. Mens vi venter på kommissionen..

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villaume, Poul

    2008-01-01

    Den kommende PET-kommissions rapport vil især være interessant med henblik på, hvordan den bedømmer PETs billede af den indre trussel i Danmark under de skiftende perioder af Den Kolde Krig, og hvor realistisk billedet var. Forhåbentlig kommer der en sober debat om rapporten, hvis konklusioner so...

  2. Bivirkninger ved brintpiller

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Rasmus Zink; Klerke, Asbjørn; Christensen, Claus H.

    2008-01-01

    Hvad nu? Indrømmer forskerne fra DTU nu selv, at der er bivirkninger ved de brintpiller, som er blevet så berømte? Svaret er Ja. Faktisk er der en væsentlig bivirkning, som på kort sigt kan få større betydning, end brintpillernes evner til at lagre brint. Det forholder sig nemlig så heldigt, at b...

  3. Genome Sequence of Vibrio cholerae Strain O1 Ogawa El Tor, Isolated in Mexico, 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz-Quiñonez, José Alberto; Hernández-Monroy, Irma; López-Martínez, Irma; Ortiz-Alcántara, Joanna; González-Durán, Elizabeth; Ruiz-Matus, Cuitláhuac; Kuri-Morales, Pablo; Ramírez-González, José Ernesto

    2014-10-30

    We present the draft genome sequence of Vibrio cholerae InDRE 3140 recovered in 2013 during a cholera outbreak in Mexico. The genome showed the Vibrio 7th pandemic islands VSP1 and VSP2, the pathogenic islands VPI-1 and VPI-2, the integrative and conjugative element SXT/R391 (ICE-SXT), and both prophages CTXφ and RS1φ. Copyright © 2014 Díaz-Quiñonez et al.

  4. Hvor bosætter folk sig i Kumasi, Ghana?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eskemose Andersen, Jørgen; Andreasen, Jørgen

    2002-01-01

    overklassen. Det forunderlige og besynderlige er fraværet af store slumråder som ellers ses overalt i den 3 Verdens storbyer. Der er en del slum i den indre del af byen og der bor mange fattige folk i de såkaldte gårdhuse som er så karakterisek for regionen, men det store spørgsmål er hvor den stadige vækst...

  5. Svend Estridsen - en konge mellem vikingetid og middelalder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roesdahl, Else; Lynnerup, Niels

    2010-01-01

    Om personen og kongen Svend Estridsen (konge 1047-1074/76) og hans tid og indsats. Han var konge i en turbulent tid, hvor Danmark måtte omstille sig fra det givtige herredømme over England til en indre dansk udvikling på mange områder (økonomi, kirkeorganisation, kirkebyggeri mv.). Der trækkes på...

  6. Verdens vigtigste værk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ziegler, Magnus Møller

    2017-01-01

    Karl Marx’ hovedværk, "Kapitalen", fylder i dag præcis 150 år. Selvom det ikke havde stor udbredelse i sin samtid, har værket siden fået status som et af den vestlige idéhistories hovedværker, og Marx’ analyse af kapitalens indre modsætninger er i dag så relevant som nogensinde....

  7. Characterization and origin of black and red Magdalenian pigments from Grottes de la Garenne (Vallée moyenne de la Creuse-France): a mineralogical and geochemical approach of the study of prehistorical paintings

    OpenAIRE

    Jezequel , Pierre; Wille , Guillaume; Bény , Claire; Delorme , Fabian; Jean-Prost , Véronique; Cottier , Roger; Breton , Jean; Duré , Frédéric; Despriée , Jackie

    2011-01-01

    International audience; Pigments sampled from wall paintings and from crayons taken on the floor, at the Grottes de la Garenne (Saint-Marcel e Indre, France) have been analyzed and characterized by infrared spectroscopy, Raman micro-spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, ICP/MS and analytical TEM. The red pigment used for the wall paintings is mainly composed by hematite, clays, carbon matter and carbonates. Results on the red pigments show that the compositions of the paintings are similar to that...

  8. Worldwide Crisis Alerting Network, Phase II. Task 2. Identification of Existing Communications Systems,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-04-01

    rent flable- De:)e conservarse mientras no se %igre el funcionamiento seguro del enlace VHF RTT FREDERIKSDAL- S..INDRE STROMFJORO. SANTA MARIA...Automatic Navigation and Fuel Management Computers, Weather Radar , Air Data Computer, ACARS and Voice Communications. The service most directly...this system are located at long-range radar sites. The second air/ground functional area is terminal communications; controller/pilot communications

  9. Spielberg møder The Sims

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft-Nielsen, Claus

    2006-01-01

    Lige siden vi første gang hørte om Lionheads længe ventede spil The Movies, er det blevet båret fremad på opstrakte sejrshænder. Skal man tro hypen, har vi endeligt at gøre med et spil, der kan tilfredsstille både den indre filminstruktør, den detaljefikserede filmbuff og den almindelige spiller...

  10. Dams. Bulletin of the technical service of electric power and big dams; Barrages. Bulletin du service technique de l`energie electrique et des grands barrages

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davard, J.

    1997-12-31

    The Dams bulletin reports on technical news concerning big French dams in operation. This issue comprises 5 papers. Two of them are examples of granting problems which led to the dismantling of the dams of Kernansquillec (Cotes d`Armor, France) and Maisons-Rouges (Indre-et-Loire, France) for economical and environmental reasons. The 3 other papers concern the life of French dams (technical control reports of the French dams in operation), the activities of the control service (annual inspections, preparation of draining operations, renewing of granting), and some general information (organisation of competent authorities, colloquium reports, hydro-power production during the first quarter of 1997). (J.S.)

  11. Dilemmaer i musikterapeutisk behandling af en traumatiseret flygtning med musikerbaggrund

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bolette Daniels Beck

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Denne artikel præsenterer et single case-studie af et receptivt musikterapiforløb med en 55-årig syrisk flygtning, som har været udsat for fængsling og tortur på grund af sine aktiviteter som protestsanger og musiker. Der beskrives problemstillinger og dilemmaer relateret til at anvende musik, der både kan trigge traumer, men også vække indre ressourcer. Kortlægning af patientens forskellige personlighedsdele og musikkens evne til integration af dem vil blive belyst gennem teorien om strukturel dissociation.

  12. Undervisningsplan for «Master of Public Administration» : Midt-skandinavisk kompetanse- og lederutdanningsprogram

    OpenAIRE

    Haugstveit, Yngve; Norell, P.O.

    2007-01-01

    Norsk: I denne rapporten presenters undervisningsplanen for det første MPA program tilrettelagt for Indre Skandinavia. Programmet startet i mai 2000 og avsluttet i juni 2002. Senere har MPA II har fullført sitt program og MPA III er i gang. Dette er et norsk-svensk lederutdanningsprogram med innretning mot offentlig sektor, og det er godkjent som en master grad på 90 ECTS. Studiet tilbys som en felles grad mellom Karlstads universitet og Høgskolen i Hedmark. I rapporten pres...

  13. Guided Imagery and Music with Cancer Survivors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole; Thomasen, Ellen

    "Receptiv musikterapi med udskrevne cancerpatienter - en effektundersøgelse med fokus på stemning og livskvalitet." Pilot-projekt Fra oktober 2002 til april 2003 gennemføres (med økonomisk støtte af VIFAB) et pilotprojekt med 6 deltagere. Formålet er dels at få et indtryk af musikterapiens potent...... indre forestillingsbilleder (visuelle, auditive, kropslige osv.) og følelser, erindringer og evt. transpersonlige oplevelser. GIMs psykoterapeutiske potentiale er veldokumenteret, og dette projekt skal bl.a. undersøge GIMs potentialer i en psykosocial rehabiliteringsproces nærmere....

  14. På kant med naturen - om byøkologien og det åbne land

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjerup Hansen, J.(red.); Hjortholt Madsen, S.(red.)

    Den erkendelse, at vores produktionsmåde og levevis i høj grad har bragt os på kant med naturen og på lidt længere sigt på kant med vort eget eksistensgrundlag, breder sig. En samfundsmæssig selvreflektion har allerede udmøntet sig i begreber som renere teknologi, byøkologi og bæredygtig adfærd. I...... tidens selvreflektion ligger, at vort forhold til naturen i høj grad er et "indre anliggende": Vi er selv natur, og det er vores egen måde at tænke og handle på i forhold til naturen, der har bragt os på kant med naturen - og os selv....

  15. Éditorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Manigand-Chaplain

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Depuis plus d'une vingtaine d'années, la Direction de l'architecture et du patrimoine a contribué à explorer le domaine du patrimoine industriel. Ce huitième numéro de la revue In Situ rend compte de l'ampleur du travail accompli (fig. n° 1, n° 2.Figure 1Usine de construction aéronautique Marcel Bloch (architecte Georges Hennequin. Cour d'honneur : accès à la piste monumentalisée par des portiques. Déols (Indre.Hermanowicz, Mariusz © Inventaire général, ADAGP, 2004.Figure 2Papier à en-tête...

  16. Marine områder 2001 - Miljøtilstand og udvikling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ærtebjerg, G.; Andersen, J.; Carstensen, J.

    højere værdier. Målinger af miljøfremmede stoffer i muslinger og fisk viser, at de danske fjorde og indre farvande er forurenet med så høje koncentrationer af tributyltin (TBT) fra bundmalinger på skibe og polyaromatiske hydrokarboner (PAH) fra olieprodukter, at der må forventes at forekomme økologiske...... effekter heraf. Hormonforstyrrelser (imposex og intersex hos havsnegle) induceret af tributyltin (TBT) er da også udbredt, først og fremmest i kystnære områder, hvor TBT-niveauet forventeligt er højest, men i følsomme arter er der også effekter i de åbne farvande, selv i den åbne Nordsø. Generelt er...

  17. Fra bog til film

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schepelern, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Efter en historisk oversigt over samspillet mellem film og litteratur i dansk film, opstilles en råkke begreber, som filmatiseringer kan analyseres ud fra. Der ses pa det litteråre vårks status — evt. som klassiker eller bestseller. Der ses pa de centrale filmatiseringsproblemer, forhold som pråger...... adaptionsprocessen fra bog til film. De kan opdeles dels i forhold, der udspringer af filmsprogets specifikke sys- tem, dels forhold, der udspringer af filmens status som massemedium. Den färste kategori er pråget af, at filmsproget generelt fremstiller handling snarere end refleksion, noget konkret snarere end...... noget abstrakt, en scene snarere end et resume og det ydre snarere det indre. Den anden kategori kan forklare filmens tilbäjelighed til åndring af forlågget, til forkortelse, forenkling og modernisering. Eksemplerne er en råkke centrale danske film/romaner...

  18. Savoir lire les centres historiques comme clé pour construire la ville de demain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexis Sierra

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Yves Dauge est sénateur d’Indre et Loire (membre de la commission de la culture, de l'éducation et de la communication, membre du groupe d'études sur le patrimoine architectural. Inspecteur général de l’équipement, ancien maire de Chinon, il a été délégué interministériel à la ville et au développement social urbain de 1988 à 1991. Il a conduit la délégation française au Vème Forum Urbain Mondial à Rio. Il anime avec les services du Ministère des Affaires Etrangères et Européennes, le nouvea...

  19. Absence of antibodies against Bordetella pertussis in pregnant women and newborns in the state of Nuevo Leon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villarreal-Pérez, Jesús Zacarías; Ramírez-Aranda, José Manuel; Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Irasema; Perales-Dávila, José; García-Elizondo, Francisco Javier; Gómez-Gómez, Celina; Galindo-Galindo, Edgar; Rodríguez-Moreno, Marco Antonio; Ballesteros-Elizondo, Romelia

    2014-09-01

    To assess placental transfer of antibodies to the child at birth and at 2 months of age. For the quantification of anti-PT IgG antibodies, we used an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay standardized by The National Institute of Epidemiologic Diagnosis and Reference (InDRE). Samples were considered negative from 0 to 48 IU/mL, indeterminate from 49 to 93 IU/mL and positive at ≥94 IU/mL. We performed a cross-sectional assessment of anti-PT IgG antibody levels in the mother, umbilical cord, and child. There was a higher concentration of IgG anti-TP in the umbilical cord (4.3%) and in the mother (1.4%), but a total absence was observed in the child (0%). The vulnerability of children to Bordetella pertussis shows the need to implement effective immunization strategies, whether actively, in the child, or passively through the mother, adolescents, and adults who are in contact with the child.

  20. Schelling og Nietzsche som kritikere af Descartes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liisberg, Sune

    2008-01-01

    : 'Hvad er det første for mig' - og svaret var: 'Det er jeg selv'. Cogito-argumentet, der implicerer en forudgående beslutning om at drage alt i tvivl, manifesterer således en historisk enestående 'frigørelse fra al autoritet' (Schelling). Ifølge Schelling - der ligesom Schopenhauer og Nietzsche havde...... blik for, at cogito-argumentet og dets problemer har med dets sprogbundethed at gøre - er ytringsdimensionen nu helt afgørende for cogito-argumentets meningsfuldhed, da allerede 'den blotte tanke 'Jeg er' kan forstås som en indre ytring og forudsætter et talende jeg'. Nietzsche henleder opmærksomheden...... på, at 'eftersom Descartes formulerer cogito-argumentet sprogligt, kan det ikke være nogen umiddelbar, første erkendelse'. Nietzsche antager nemlig, at Descartes selv fejlagtigt betragtede cogito-argumentet som en umiddelbar vished - altså strengt taget ikke som et argument. Men Descartes blev...

  1. Characterization of a clinical Vibrio cholerae O139 isolate from Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parveen, Salina; Farrah, Samuel R; Gonzalez-Bonilla, Celia; Zamudio, Altagracia V; Tamplin, Mark L

    2003-01-01

    Pathogenic strains of Vibrio cholerae O139 possess the cholera toxin A subunit (ctxA) gene as well as the gene for toxin co-regulated pili (tcpA). We report the isolation of a ctxA-negative, tcpA-negative V. cholerae O139 strain (INDREI) from a patient in Mexico diagnosed with gastrointestinal illness. Certain phenotypic characteristics of this strain were identical to those of V. cholerae O1 biotype El Tor. Unlike ctxA-positive V. cholerae O139 strains, this strain was sensitive to a wide panel of antibiotics, including ampicillin, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, furazolidone, nalidixic acid, nitrofurantoin, tetracycline, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and streptomycin, but was resistant to polymyxin B. Ribotype and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis profiles of INDRE1 differed from those of ctxA-positive V. cholerae O139 and other V. cholerae strains. Phenotypic characteristics of the Mexico strain were similar to those reported for V. cholerae O139 isolates from Argentina and Sri Lanka.

  2. [Cytotoxic effect of Vibrio cholerae non-O1 on Vero cells].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Figueroa-Arredondo, P; García-Lozano, H; Gutiérrez-Cogco, L; Valdespino-Gómez, J L

    1994-01-01

    At the present time there is still in Mexico a diarrhoeal outbreak due to Vibrio cholerae O1. In INDRE we have isolated from the same outbreak last year (jan-apr), 70 strains of Vibrio cholerae Non-O1. These were isolated from patients with a diarrhoeal illness different from cholera. Patients were of different ages and sex, and from various geographic areas. The isolated strains were confirmed by serological agglutination test with polyclonal antisera, and they neither belong to O1 serogroup or O139. We assayed all the 70 strains in Vero cells, searching for cytotoxic effect, probably attributed to cholera toxin, or any other toxin. The strains were screened by PCR for cholera toxin gene detection, and negative results were obtained. We have found only one CT-producer strain, but it was a rough one so, we are not able to affirm that is not a V. cholerae O1 serotype. Vibrio cholerae Non-O1 strains, tested in Vero cells assay, produced cytotoxic effect within 24 h. It was found that 48/70 strains (66.6%), had cytotoxic activity, showing rounding and then lysis of cells. From our results we concluded that this cytotoxic effect, is not cholera toxin related, instead we propose it could be due to an unknown virulence factor, probably a different toxin in mexican Vibrio cholerae Non-O1 strains.

  3. Sund livsstil er mere end fysik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nybo, Lars; Thing, Lone Friis; Astrup, Arne

    2015-01-01

    . I virkeligheden hænger tingene sammen, og i et holistisk sundhedsbillede er de psykiske og sociale dimensioner mindst lige så vigtige som de fysiske. Fællesskabet under og efter fodboldtræningen kan for eksempel være en lige så vigtig del af at være aktiv som selve træningen. Og selv om nogle...... begynder på en aktiv livsstil ud fra en ydre motivation om det fysiske aspekt af ’mere sundhed’, så er der meget, som tyder på, at den indre motivation overtager, og at de i stedet bliver drevet af glæden ved den øgede livskvalitet. Nogle mennesker fascineres af at følge en fast træningsplan og have et...... behandling af inaktivitetsrelaterede lidelser bør dog ikke være det vigtigste argument for at oplyse om og opfordre til en sund livsstil. Livskvalitetsaspektet skal være i højsædet, og det er for så vidt en legitim bekymring, at der kommer et overdrevet fokus på samfundsøkonomi og forebyggelse af somatisk...

  4. Nuclear safety and radiation protection report of the Chinon nuclear facilities - 2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-01-01

    This safety report was established under the article 21 of the French law no. 2006-686 of June 13, 2006 relative to nuclear safety and information transparency. It presents, first, the facilities of the Chinon nuclear power plant (Indre-et-Loire, 37 (FR)): 4 PWR reactors in operation (Chinon B, INB 107 and 132), 3 partially dismantled graphite-gas reactors (Chinon A, INB 133, 153 and 161), a workshop for irradiated materials (AMI, INB 94), and an inter-regional fuel storage facility (MIR, INB 99). Then, the nuclear safety and radiation protection measures taken regarding the facilities are reviewed: nuclear safety definition, radiation protection of intervening parties, safety and radiation protection improvement paths, crisis management, external and internal controls, technical situation of facilities, administrative procedures in progress. The incidents and accidents which occurred in 2011, are reported as well as the radioactive and non-radioactive (chemical, thermal) effluents discharge in the environment. Finally, The radioactive materials and wastes generated by the facilities are presented and sorted by type of waste, quantities and type of conditioning. Other environmental impacts (noise, microbial proliferation in cooling towers) are presented with their mitigation measures. Actions in favour of transparency and public information are presented as well. The document concludes with a glossary and a list of recommendations from the Committees for health, safety and working conditions. (J.S.)

  5. Evaluering af Relationskompetenceprojektet 2012-16

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Birgitte Lund

    kollegafællesskab, at have fået øget bevidsthed om relationers betydning og om at være fuldt til stede i en undervisningssituation, og ikke mindst at have mødt og afprøvet konkrete værktøjer i arbejdet med elever i skolen for lærerne eller for de lærerstuderende i praktik. Nogle udfordringer der fremhæves har...... handlet om de såkaldte indre øvelser. Det ser således ud til, at det systematiske arbejde med disse øvelser, der fremstår som særdeles udbytterigt for nogle aktører, er op-levet mindre positivt af andre. Det har også været en udfordring når udefrakommende har været kritiske over for projektet. Projektets...... karakter med samarbejde på tværs af aktørgrupper ser ud til at have været et afgørende perspektiv for det store oplevede udbytte. For de lærerstuderende ser indsatsen over tid ud til at have været vigtig. Den fortsatte deltagelse på 4. år af studiet var frivillig, og de lærerstuderende der valgte dette til...

  6. Genetic and antigenic analysis of foot-and-mouth disease virus serotype O responsible for outbreaks in India during 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subramaniam, Saravanan; Mohapatra, Jajati K; Das, Biswajit; Sanyal, Aniket; Pattnaik, Bramhadev

    2015-03-01

    In recent times, majority of the foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) outbreaks in India are caused by serotype O Ind2001 lineage. The lineage has diverged into four sub-lineages (Ind2001a, b, c and d). We report here the genetic and antigenic analyses of nine Ind2001d isolates that caused outbreaks during April 2013-March 2014 in India. The length of the genomes of outbreak viruses varied between 8153 and 8181 nucleotides without any insertion or deletion in the coding region. Of the nine isolates analyzed antigenically against the currently used Indian vaccine strain INDR2/1975, eight showed good cross serological match (>0.3) indicating optimal antigenic coverage by the vaccine strain. An unprecedented deletion of 22 nucleotides between position 57 and 78 was observed in the 3' untranslated region of one of the isolates without compromising the virus viability, which imply that partial distortion in SL2 of 3'UTR may not have influence on virus viability at least under in-vitro conditions. Recently the Ind2001 lineage has been reported from several countries including Libya and spread of this lineage across a wide geographical area needs to be monitored carefully to avoid any future pandemic. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Septicaemic listeriosis in reindeer calves – a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuomo Nyyssönen

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Listeria monocytogenes was isolated from 4 reindeer calves as a nearly pure growth from several internal organs, pointing to a septicaemic form of listeriosis. The calves were born in a calving corral. Silage feeding was considered the most probable source of the infection.Abstract in Finnish / Tiivistelmä:Listeria monocytogenes -bakteerin aiheuttama verenmyrkytys poronvasoilla – tapausselostus Toukokuussa 2005 Suomen poronhoitoalueen kaakkoisosassa sijaitsevassa vasotustarhassa kuoli neljä poronvasaa pian syntymän jälkeen 5-11 päivän ikäisinä. Kaikkien vasojen kuolinsyyksi todettiin Listeria monocytogenes -bakteerin aiheuttama verenmyrkytys. Tartunnan todennäköisin lähde oli vaatimien lisäruokinnassa käytetty säilörehu. Kyseessä on ensimmäinen poronvasoilla todettu Listeria monocytogenes -bakteerin aiheuttama verenmyrkytys Suomessa. Abstract in Norwegian / Sammendrag: Tilfelle av sjukdomsfremkallende Listeriabakterie i reinkalver Listeria monocytogenes ble isolert fra 4 reinkalver som en nesten ren vekst fra flere indre organer, noe som antyder en sykdomsfremkallende form av listeriose. Kalvene nedkom i en kalveinnhegning, og man antok at dårlig silofôr var smittekilden.

  8. Kapitalens brandscapes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermansen, Judy

    2008-01-01

    er at differentiere sig. Men når flere og flere forsøger at skabe et brand image, bliver brand scenen naturligvis temmelig overfyldt af symboler, hvilket afføder ligegyldighed blandt publikum. Derfor er det på én gang blevet både vigtigere og sværere end nogensinde at brande virksomheden......Formålet med et corporate brand er på den ene side at tjene penge - helst mange penge - på den anden side at legitimere virksomheden i offentlighedens øjne. Et modsætningsfyldt formål, som betyder, at selv om brandingen egentlig skulle differentiere firmaerne fra hinanden, så er deres fortællinger...... i virkeligheden temmelig ens. Corporate branding er brolagt med indre modsigelser og er mest af alt udtryk for en kultur i krise mener Robert Goldman og Stephen Papson i artiklen Capital's Brandscapes. Sikken voldsom trængsel og alarm Branding har efterhånden koloniseret hele markedet, der er...

  9. Nuclear safety and radiation protection report of the Chinon nuclear facilities - 2010

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2011-06-01

    This safety report was established under the article 21 of the French law no. 2006-686 of June 13, 2006 relative to nuclear safety and information transparency. It presents, first, the facilities of the Chinon nuclear power plant (Indre-et-Loire, 37 (FR)): 4 PWR reactors in operation (Chinon B, INB 107 and 132), 3 partially dismantled graphite-gas reactors (Chinon A, INB 133, 153 and 161), a workshop for irradiated materials (AMI, INB 94), and an inter-regional fuel storage facility (MIR, INB 99). Then, the nuclear safety and radiation protection measures taken regarding the facilities are reviewed: nuclear safety definition, radiation protection of intervening parties, safety and radiation protection improvement paths, crisis management, external and internal controls, technical situation of facilities, administrative procedures in progress. The incidents and accidents which occurred in 2010, are reported as well as the radioactive and non-radioactive (chemical, thermal) effluents discharge in the environment. Finally, The radioactive materials and wastes generated by the facilities are presented and sorted by type of waste, quantities and type of conditioning. Other environmental impacts (noise, microbial proliferation in cooling towers) are presented with their mitigation measures. Actions in favour of transparency and public information are presented as well. The document concludes with a glossary and a list of recommendations from the Committees for health, safety and working conditions. (J.S.)

  10. For det kommende i det tidlige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønbæk, Niels

    2008-01-01

    . Man kan sige at fortroligheden er enten medieret - fx gennem sprog, skrift, håndtering af værktøj osv., eller opstår i og med de stabile formationer - som fx det vi i fremskredne stadier kender som vaner. Vaner kan opfattes som stabile formationer, som mønstre; men det kan de 'medierede fortroligheder......' også, hvis man i stedet for at lægge vægten på værktøjet eller mediet, lægger den på teknikken - og dermed på en praksis eller en kunnen. I min afhandling fører det til et radikalt materiale-begreb: 'egentligt' materiale kan ikke være nærværende - nærværende véd vi ikke andet om det end at der er noget...... Udgangspunktet for afhandlingens kulturkritiske dimension, er dén påstand eller dobbelt-tese at: 1) kulturen (for tiden) foretrækker visse teknikker frem for andre. Her er min overordnede påstand at epistemet er kendetegnet af en orientering mod tegnene - hvilket egentlig vil sige: mod sit kulturelle indre. Et...

  11. Brote causado por Escherichia coli en Chalco, México Outbreak caused by Escherichia coli in Chalco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iliana Alejandra Cortés-Ortiz

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Identificar el agente causal del brote de diarrea asociado con el desbordamiento del canal de aguas negras en Chalco. Material y métodos. Estudio retrospectivo y transversal, efectuado en el Instituto de Diagnóstico y Referencia Epidemiológicos (InDRE, de la Secretaría de Salud, con 1 550 hisopos rectales para el aislamiento e identificación bioquímica de V. cholerae y enterobacterias, obtenidos de la población del Valle de Chalco, que presentó diarrea y vómito durante el desastre natural acontecido el 31 de mayo de 2000. El análisis de los resultados se efectuó por la diferencia entre las proporciones de dos poblaciones (prueba de Ji cuadrada. Las cepas de E. coli se hibridaron por "colony blot" para los grupos ETEC, EIEC, EPEC y EHEC. Resultados. El 0.45% correspondió a Salmonella: S. agona, S. infantis, S. enteritidis, S. muenchen, S. typhimurium; 0.06% a Shigella flexneri 3a, y 76.6% a E. coli: 62.2% a ETEC (44.6 % con LT, 11.2% con ST, y 44.1% con ambas sondas, 0.84% a EIEC (sonda ial, 0.84% a EPEC (sonda bundle-forming pilus BFP, 0.08% a E. coli enterohemorrágica no-O157:H7 (sonda pCVD419, y 36.02% no hibridó. No se encontró asociación entre E. coli patógena con la edad y género. Conclusiones. Escherichia coli podría ser responsable del brote de diarrea. Es importante conocer el agente etiológico del brote para encaminar las estrategias en el estudio y control sanitario del mismo.Objective. To identify the etiologic agent responsible for a disease outbreak following an overflow of sewage water in Valle de Chalco, Mexico. Material and Methods. A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out. Rectal samples were collected from the population of Chalco valley, who suffered from diarrhea and vomiting during a natural disaster that took place on May 31, 2000. The Instituto de Diagnóstico y Referencia Epidemiológicos (Epidemic Reference and Diagnosis Institute, InDRE, Ministry of Health, received 1521 rectal

  12. Levels and distributions of organic pollutants in subtidal sediments from the Loire estuary: Are there any relationships with TTR-binding activity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couderc, M.; Gandolfi, F.; Zalouk-Vergnoux, A.; Beyeler, N.; Malleret, L.; Ambidina, I.; Kamari, A.; Blanchet-Letrouvé, I.; Mouneyrac, C.; Hamers, T.; Poirier, L.

    2016-12-01

    The Loire estuary runs through important urban sites with shipping, industrial and agricultural activities, being the receptacle of diffusive pollutants comprising, a mixture of contaminants such as persistent organic pollutants (POPs). This work was set out to evaluate the occurrence of thyroid endocrine disruptors in sediments of this estuary. Sediments were collected in September 2012 and April 2013, in subtidal zones along the estuary. Targeted chemical analyses of five classes of pollutants, i.e. polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), alkylphenols (APs), and bisphenol A (BPA) were performed in sediment extracts. Extracts were further tested for their thyroid hormone (TH) disrupting potency to compete with TH for binding to its transporter protein transthyretin (TTR). The Haute-Indre site was characterized by a significant PAH contamination whereas Saint-Nazaire, Bellevue and Rezé would be particularly contaminated by PCBs. These observations could be linked to the different type of anthropogenic activities taking place close to these sites. Donges, Mindin and Paimboeuf were the sampling sites displaying the lowest contamination in PAHs, APs, PCBs and PBDEs. No inter-site difference could be observed for TTR-binding activity, which should be attributed to different compounds than the chemically analyzed compounds, as confirmed by PCA analyses. Furthermore, the TTR-binding potencies of the extracts were relatively low compared to data from literature. More investigations on the quantification of PCB and PBDE hydroxylated metabolites and other known endocrine disruptors such as pesticides or perfluorinated compounds could be considered, as well as bioassays highlighting other endocrine disrupting effects.

  13. D1-like dopamine receptors downregulate Na+-K+-ATPase activity and increase cAMP production in the posterior gills of the blue crab Callinectes sapidus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnaldo, Francis B; Villar, Van Anthony M; Konkalmatt, Prasad R; Owens, Shaun A; Asico, Laureano D; Jones, John E; Yang, Jian; Lovett, Donald L; Armando, Ines; Jose, Pedro A; Concepcion, Gisela P

    2014-09-15

    Dopamine-mediated regulation of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity in the posterior gills of some crustaceans has been reported to be involved in osmoregulation. The dopamine receptors of invertebrates are classified into three groups based on their structure and pharmacology: D1- and D2-like receptors and a distinct invertebrate receptor subtype (INDR). We tested the hypothesis that a D1-like receptor is expressed in the blue crab Callinectes sapidus and regulates Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity. RT-PCR, using degenerate primers, showed the presence of D1βR mRNA in the posterior gill. The blue crab posterior gills showed positive immunostaining for a dopamine D5 receptor (D5R or D1βR) antibody in the basolateral membrane and cytoplasm. Confocal microscopy showed colocalization of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and D1βR in the basolateral membrane. To determine the effect of D1-like receptor stimulation on Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity, intact crabs acclimated to low salinity for 6 days were given an intracardiac infusion of the D1-like receptor agonist fenoldopam, with or without the D1-like receptor antagonist SCH23390. Fenoldopam increased cAMP production twofold and decreased Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity by 50% in the posterior gills. This effect was blocked by coinfusion with SCH23390, which had no effect on Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity by itself. Fenoldopam minimally decreased D1βR protein expression (10%) but did not affect Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase α-subunit protein expression. This study shows the presence of functional D1βR in the posterior gills of euryhaline crabs chronically exposed to low salinity and highlights the evolutionarily conserved function of the dopamine receptors on sodium homeostasis. Copyright © 2014 the American Physiological Society.

  14. Perceptions of industrial and nuclear risks. Stakes, negotiations and social development of levels of risk acceptance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bernier, S.Ch.

    2007-11-01

    In this thesis we will question the perceptions of industrial risks in the occidental world at the beginning of the 21. century. For this purpose we will try to understand how concepts such as sustainable development, precautionary principle, liability, or even zero-risk bias have progressively developed around a thought model based on the scientific rationality. This model is now undermined by its incapacity to fully address the issues it raises and completely avoid the potential risks. However, despite consistent weaknesses, it remains a reference value moulded by past accidents which have led to the making of laws aiming mainly at defining liability and protecting those who are held liable. Thus, public information becomes a requirement for democracy and the protection of this thought model. In this context, the protagonists at stake are security-conscious, economical and political lobbies that constantly redefine the limits of risk acceptance. We come to the realization that our lifestyle and value system remain unchallenged even though undergoing a crisis. The specificity of this research lies into the importance we give to the local approach, dealing with registered Seveso sites and nuclear plants located in Indre et Loire. We have polled five categories of respondents through interviews or questionnaires in order to understand their opinion regarding situations involving technological risks. The result of this survey helps us understand and set the levels of risk acceptance that they define with regard to the industrial risks and show the complexity of a situation involving political stakes, environmental pressures, a profit-driven economy and security constraints, in a vague and complex context. This work gives us a contrasted picture of today's perceptions of risks. (author)

  15. Perceptions of industrial and nuclear risks. Stakes, negotiations and social development of levels of risk acceptance; Perceptions des risques industriels et nucleaires: enjeux, negociations et construction sociale des seuils d'acception des risques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernier, S.Ch

    2007-11-15

    In this thesis we will question the perceptions of industrial risks in the occidental world at the beginning of the 21. century. For this purpose we will try to understand how concepts such as sustainable development, precautionary principle, liability, or even zero-risk bias have progressively developed around a thought model based on the scientific rationality. This model is now undermined by its incapacity to fully address the issues it raises and completely avoid the potential risks. However, despite consistent weaknesses, it remains a reference value moulded by past accidents which have led to the making of laws aiming mainly at defining liability and protecting those who are held liable. Thus, public information becomes a requirement for democracy and the protection of this thought model. In this context, the protagonists at stake are security-conscious, economical and political lobbies that constantly redefine the limits of risk acceptance. We come to the realization that our lifestyle and value system remain unchallenged even though undergoing a crisis. The specificity of this research lies into the importance we give to the local approach, dealing with registered Seveso sites and nuclear plants located in Indre et Loire. We have polled five categories of respondents through interviews or questionnaires in order to understand their opinion regarding situations involving technological risks. The result of this survey helps us understand and set the levels of risk acceptance that they define with regard to the industrial risks and show the complexity of a situation involving political stakes, environmental pressures, a profit-driven economy and security constraints, in a vague and complex context. This work gives us a contrasted picture of today's perceptions of risks. (author)

  16. Beredskapskunnskap – navet i Lærerutdanning i Kunst og håndverk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marte Sørebø Gulliksen

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Concurrent (samtidig lærerutdanning møter en dobbelt utfordring: studentene skal lære et (eller flere fag, samtidig som de skal lære å lære bort fag. I Kunst og håndverk knyttes denne debatten ofte opp mot hvordan en i korte utdanningsenheter kan få nok faglig dybde i de ulike delene av faget. I artikkelens første del presenteres tidligere forskning på Kunst og håndverk. Et fagdidaktisk kunnskapsperspektiv trekkes opp i tilknytning til begrepet pedagogisk innholdskunnskap forstått som en re-forhandling av fagkunnskap og pedagogisk kunnskap (Shulman. Ut fra dette problematiseres fagets kvalifiseringsbredde og indre spenninger som en del av lærerutdanningens premiss. Det argumenteres for at en reduksjon av kvalifiserings­bredden ikke vil føre til redusert kompleksitet i undervisningen i faget. Artikkelens andre del foreslår begrepet beredskapskunnskap som en måte å håndtere fagets kompleksitet på: som et mulig grunnprinsipp for inn- og utvalg av arbeidsformer og innhold i utdanning i Kunst og håndverk. Diskusjonen knyttes til spørsmålet om hvordan lærerutdanning i Kunst og håndverk best kan ruste studenter til et langt liv som lærerprofesjonsutøvere i en fremtid vi ennå ikke vet hvordan ser ut. Artikkelen foreslår at beredskapskunnskap kan forstås som et nav i et prinsipp om livslang læring for lærere i Kunst og håndverk, og således som et overordnet mål for lærerutdanning generelt. 

  17. Brote causado por Escherichia coli en Chalco, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cortés-Ortiz Iliana Alejandra

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Identificar el agente causal del brote de diarrea asociado con el desbordamiento del canal de aguas negras en Chalco. Material y métodos. Estudio retrospectivo y transversal, efectuado en el Instituto de Diagnóstico y Referencia Epidemiológicos (InDRE, de la Secretaría de Salud, con 1 550 hisopos rectales para el aislamiento e identificación bioquímica de V. cholerae y enterobacterias, obtenidos de la población del Valle de Chalco, que presentó diarrea y vómito durante el desastre natural acontecido el 31 de mayo de 2000. El análisis de los resultados se efectuó por la diferencia entre las proporciones de dos poblaciones (prueba de Ji cuadrada. Las cepas de E. coli se hibridaron por "colony blot" para los grupos ETEC, EIEC, EPEC y EHEC. Resultados. El 0.45% correspondió a Salmonella: S. agona, S. infantis, S. enteritidis, S. muenchen, S. typhimurium; 0.06% a Shigella flexneri 3a, y 76.6% a E. coli: 62.2% a ETEC (44.6 % con LT, 11.2% con ST, y 44.1% con ambas sondas, 0.84% a EIEC (sonda ial, 0.84% a EPEC (sonda bundle-forming pilus BFP, 0.08% a E. coli enterohemorrágica no-O157:H7 (sonda pCVD419, y 36.02% no hibridó. No se encontró asociación entre E. coli patógena con la edad y género. Conclusiones. Escherichia coli podría ser responsable del brote de diarrea. Es importante conocer el agente etiológico del brote para encaminar las estrategias en el estudio y control sanitario del mismo.

  18. Phenotypic and genotypic evaluation of 18 Nocardia isolates from human clinical samples in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Herrera, K; Sandoval, H; Couble, A; Mouniee, D; Ramírez-Durán, N; Uzcategui de Morillo, M; Serrano, J A; Bergeron, E; Boiron, P; Rodríguez-Nava, V

    2012-03-01

    Mexico has the largest number of clinical cases of actinomycetoma in North and South America. Species originally identified by less specific methods have been recently reclassified as other known species or as new species. To assess, by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and phenotypic methods, the species distribution of 18 human clinical isolates originally identified as N. brasiliensis, some of them isolated between 1947 and 1959 in Mexico City. Clinical isolates came from the Hospital General, "Dr. Manuel Gea Gonzalez", and Instituto Nacional de Diagnóstico y Referencia Epidemiológica (INDRE) in Mexico, D.F. The strains used in this study included 15 clinical strains isolated between 1947 and 1959 that were originally identified as N. brasiliensis and three more strains obtained in 2007 identified as Nocardia spp. The isolates were identified genotypically by sequencing the 16S rRNA gene, and their phenotypic profiles were obtained with the API Coryne(®) system. Antibiotic susceptibility patterns were tested according to the protocol of the Comité de l'antibiogramme de la Société française de microbiologie[4]. According to 16S rRNA gene, sequencing were identified among 18 human clinical isolates as Nocardia farcinica (n=11) and Nocardia brasiliensis (n=7). A high number of the strains were susceptible to the majority of the antibiotics tested. The phenotypic profiles of the strains were quite uniform for N. farcinica and some variability was observed for N. brasiliensis strains. N. farcinica was the most prevalent species identified. Modern methodologies should be applied in clinical laboratories to accurately identify etiological agents. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  19. Zinc and Its Isotopes in the Loire River Basin, France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millot, R.; Desaulty, A. M.; Bourrain, X.

    2014-12-01

    The contribution of human activities such as industries, agriculture and domestic inputs, becomes more and more significant in the chemical composition of the dissolved load of rivers. Human factors act as a supplementary key process. Therefore the mass-balance for the budget of catchments and river basins include anthropogenic disturbances. The Loire River in central France is approximately 1010 km long and drains an area of 117,800 km2. In the upper basin, the bedrock is old plutonic rock overlain by much younger volcanic rocks. The intermediate basin includes three major tributaries flowing into the Loire River from the left bank: the Cher, the Indre and the Vienne rivers; the main stream flows westward and its valley stretches toward the Atlantic Ocean. Here, the Loire River drains the sedimentary series of the Paris Basin, mainly carbonate deposits. The lower Loire basin drains pre-Mesozoic basement of the Armorican Massif and its overlying Mesozoic to Cenozoic sedimentary deposits. The Loire River is one of the main European riverine inputs to the Atlantic ocean. Here we are reporting concentration and isotope data for Zn in river waters and suspended sediments from the Loire River Basin. In addition, we also report concentration and isotope data for the different industrial sources within the Loire Basin, as well as data for biota samples such as mussels and oysters from the Bay of Biscay and North Brittany. These organisms are known to be natural accumulators of metal pollutants. Zinc isotopic compositions are rather homogeneous in river waters with δ66Zn values ranging from 0.21 to 0.39‰. This range of variation is very different from anthropogenic signature (industrial and/or agriculture release) that displays δ66Zn values between 0.02 to 0.14‰. This result is in agreement with a geogenic origin and the low Zn concentrations in the Loire River Basin (from 0.8 to 6 µg/L).

  20. Stable isotopes in Lithuanian bioarcheological material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skipityte, Raminta; Jankauskas, Rimantas; Remeikis, Vidmantas

    2015-04-01

    Investigation of bioarcheological material of ancient human populations allows us to understand the subsistence behavior associated with various adaptations to the environment. Feeding habits are essential to the survival and growth of ancient populations. Stable isotope analysis is accepted tool in paleodiet (Schutkowski et al, 1999) and paleoenvironmental (Zernitskaya et al, 2014) studies. However, stable isotopes can be useful not only in investigating human feeding habits but also in describing social and cultural structure of the past populations (Le Huray and Schutkowski, 2005). Only few stable isotope investigations have been performed before in Lithuanian region suggesting a quite uniform diet between males and females and protein intake from freshwater fish and animal protein. Previously, stable isotope analysis has only been used to study a Stone Age population however, more recently studies have been conducted on Iron Age and Late medieval samples (Jacobs et al, 2009). Anyway, there was a need for more precise examination. Stable isotope analysis were performed on human bone collagen and apatite samples in this study. Data represented various ages (from 5-7th cent. to 18th cent.). Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis on medieval populations indicated that individuals in studied sites in Lithuania were almost exclusively consuming C3 plants, C3 fed terrestrial animals, and some freshwater resources. Current investigation demonstrated social differences between elites and country people and is promising in paleodietary and daily life reconstruction. Acknowledgement I thank prof. dr. G. Grupe, Director of the Anthropological and Palaeoanatomical State Collection in Munich for providing the opportunity to work in her laboratory. The part of this work was funded by DAAD. Antanaitis-Jacobs, Indre, et al. "Diet in early Lithuanian prehistory and the new stable isotope evidence." Archaeologia Baltica 12 (2009): 12-30. Le Huray, Jonathan D., and Holger

  1. Pb-Zn-Cd-Hg multi isotopic characterization of the Loire River Basin, France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millot, R.; Widory, D.; Innocent, C.; Guerrot, C.; Bourrain, X.; Johnson, T. M.

    2012-12-01

    The contribution of human activities such as industries, agriculture and domestic inputs, becomes more and more significant in the chemical composition (major ions and pollutants such as metals) of the dissolved load of rivers. Furthermore, this influence can also be evidenced in the suspended solid matter known to play an important role in the transport of heavy metals through river systems. Human factors act as a supplementary key process. Therefore the mass-balance for the budget of catchments and river basins include anthropogenic disturbances. The Loire River in central France is approximately 1010 km long and drains an area of 117,800 km2. Initially, the Loire upstream flows in a south to north direction originating in the Massif Central, and continues up to the city of Orléans, 650 km from the source. In the upper basin, the bedrock is old plutonic rock overlain by much younger volcanic rocks. The Loire River then follows a general east to west direction to the Atlantic Ocean. The intermediate basin includes three major tributaries flowing into the Loire River from the left bank: the Cher, the Indre and the Vienne rivers; the main stream flows westward and its valley stretches toward the Atlantic Ocean. Here, the Loire River drains the sedimentary series of the Paris Basin, mainly carbonate deposits. The lower Loire basin drains pre-Mesozoic basement of the Armorican Massif and its overlying Mesozoic to Cenozoic sedimentary deposits. The Loire River is one of the main European riverine inputs to the Atlantic ocean. Here we are reporting concentration and isotope data for heavy metals Zn-Cd-Pb-Hg in river waters and suspended sediments from the Loire River Basin. In addition, we also report concentration and isotope data for these metals for the different industrial sources within the Loire Basin, as well as data for biota samples such as mussels and oysters from the Bay of Biscay and North Brittany. These organisms are known to be natural accumulators of

  2. Ultrastructure of the cysts of Sarcocystis rangi from skeletal muscle of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bjørn Gjerde

    1985-05-01

    . Cystemembranen var forsterka på innsida av eit tunnt lag av elektrontett materiale, med unnatak av dei stadene der han var invaginert. Cystegrunnsubstans danna eit lag perifert i cystene, fylte det indre av prosessane, og danna septa som delte cystene inn i talrike kammer. Dei fleste kammera inneheldt cystozoitar, medan metrocytar fannst i nokre få, små kammer perifert i cystene. Nokre av cystozoitane gjennomgjekk ei todeling ved endodyogeni. Mange metrocytar hadde eit vakuolisert cytoplasma. Cystene til S. rangi var svært like cystene til visse Sarcocystis-3.net frå andre mellomvertar med omsyn til overflatemorfologi.

  3. An intra ruminal heat exchanger for use in large concious animals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James B. Mercer

    1985-05-01

    Full Text Available A method is described whereby it is possible to alter total body core temperature independently of environmetal temperature and/or exercise in conscious reindeer. The method employs the use of a simple heat exchanger introduced through a permanent rumen fistula. The heat exchanger consists of a 7 m long coil of flexible plastic tubing (OD, 10.0 mm, ID, 8.0 mm. By perfusing the tubing with thermostatically controlled water, heat can be added to or subtracted from the body core at rates equalling several times resting heat production. It is suggested that the method could be used in any large ruminant species.En intra-rumenal varmeveksler til bruk i større, uanesteserte dyr.Abstract in Norwegian / Sammendrag: Vi har i denne undersøkelsen beskrevet en metode for hvordan kroppstemperatur hos uanesteserte reinsdyr kan endres uavhengig av omgivelsestemperatur og om dyret løper eller ikke. Metoden innebærer bruk av en enkel varmeveksler som plasseres i dyrets vom gjennom en permanent vom-fistel. Varmeveksleren består av en 7 m lang kveil av fleksibel plastslange (ytre diameter 10.0 mm, indre diameter 8.0 mm. Ved å perfundere slangen med vann av en bestemt temperatur er det mulig å fjerne eller tilføre kroppen en varmemengde som tilsvarer flere ganger dyrets varmeproduksjon. Vi mener at denne metoden kan tilpasses alle store drøvtyggere.Potsiin asetettavan låmpotilan muuttajan kåytto suurilla nukkumattomilla elåimillå.Abstract in Finnish / Yhteenveto: Tutkimuksessa olemme kuvanneet menetelman, jolla voidaan muuttaa nukuttamattoman poron ruumiinlåmpotilaa riippumatta ulkolampotilasta tai siita juokseeko elåin vai ei. Menetelmassa kåytaan yksinkertaista låmpotilan muuttajaa, joka asetetaan elaimeen pysyyan potsifistulan kautta. Låmpotilan muuttaja kasittåa 7 m pitkan muoviletkurullan (letkun halkaisija 10.6 mm, reian halkaisija" 8.0 mmJTTayttåmålla letku tietyn lampoisellå vedella on mahdollista joko laskea tai nostaa ruumiin lampom

  4. Characterization of large instabilities displacements using Ground-Based InSAR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rouyet, L.; Kristensen, L.; Derron, M.-H.; Michoud, C.; Blikra, L. H.; Jaboyedoff, M.

    2012-04-01

    A master thesis in progress at the Lausanne University (IGAR) in cooperation with the Åknes/Tafjord Early Warning Centre in Norway aims to characterize various instabilities displacements using Ground-Based Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar system (GB-InSAR). The main goal is to evaluate the potential of GB-InSAR to determine displacement velocities and mechanical behaviours of several large rock instabilities in Norway. GB-InSAR data are processed and interpreted for three case studies. The first test site is the unstable complex area of Mannen located in the Romsdalen valley (Møre og Romsdal county), threatening infrastructures and potentially able to cause a debacle event downstream. Its total volume is estimated to 15-25 mill m3. Mannen instability is monitored permanently with GB-InSAR since February 2010 and shows displacements towards the radar up to -8 mm per month during the most sensitive period. Børa area located on the southwest side of Mannen instability shows also some signs of activity. It monitored temporarily between August and October 2011 and could help to understand the behaviour of Mannen site. The second, Indre Nordnes rockslide in Lyngenfjord (Troms county), is directly located above an important fjord in North Norway causing a significant risk of tsunami. The volume is estimated to be around 10-15 mill m3. The site was monitored temporarily between June and August 2011. The data show displacements towards the radar up to -12 mm in 2 weeks. The third case concerns rock falls along the road between Oppdølsstranda and Sunndalsøra (Møre og Romsdal county). Even if the volume of rock is less important than the first two cases, rock falls are an important problem for the road 70 underneath. Several campaigns are done between beginning of 2010 and end of 2011. In June 2011 an important rock fall occurs in an area where significant movements were previously detected by GB-InSAR. In order to understand the behaviour of these

  5. Complémentarité et discordances entre sources textuelles et sources archéo-anthropologiques en contexte de crises de mortalit�� par épidémie. Études de cas Complementarity and conflicts between textual and archaeo-anthropological sources in the context of mortality crises from epidemics. Case studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dominique Castex

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Longtemps sources archéologiques et textuelles ont été considérées comme complémentaires, or elles apparaissent bien souvent contradictoires. Actuellement la dépendance de l’archéologie des périodes historiques vis à vis des sources écrites n’est plus vraiment de mise. Progressivement s’élabore une autre manière de concevoir l’interdisciplinarité, l’objectif n’étant plus d’aller chercher dans l’une des sources de quoi valider l’autre mais plutôt de construire en commun des objets de recherche permettant une utilisation conjointe efficace des données et une discussion des résultats. Cette démarche, indispensable à toute analyse des sites historiques, est fondamentale pour l’interprétation des crises de mortalité par épidémie du passé. Elle a sous-tendu différentes études interdisciplinaires récentes liées à des découvertes d’archéologie préventives dans le Berry comme à Bourges (Cher et Issoudun (Indre ainsi que des prospections en archives comme à Lignières-en-Berry (Cher. En raison de leur originalité nous souhaitons présenter ces exemples et les comparer à d’autres sites de victimes d’épidémie à l’étranger (Saint-Benoît de Prague en République tchèque et Venosa en Italie, des sites dont la quantité et la qualité de la documentation ont permis une bonne exploitation et ont d’ores et déjà fourni des premiers résultats en termes d’interprétation. Sans prétendre au traitement exhaustif de chaque site, dont certains sont encore en cours d’étude, notre propos est plus simplement de proposer une réflexion sur quelques aspects de l’archéologie des épidémies, de livrer un certain nombre de questionnements et de discuter de la faisabilité des synthèses des sources écrites et archéologiques. Nos résultats nous permettent d’ores et déjà d’apporter des éclairages nouveaux sur l’histoire des épidémies ; d’une part ils mettent en avant des aspects

  6. Is a profile in social software a learning e-portfolio? If not, could any benefits be found from linking the two?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lise Agerbæk

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Denne artikel sammenligner lærings e-portfolier med profiler i social software (Facebook, MySpace, LinkedIn. Ligheder mellem de to består i, at de begge er fora for selvfremstilling. Forskellen mellem dem består i, at selvet bliver fremstillet med to forskellige formål. Selvfremstillingen i social software sker for at være én i gruppen (af venner eller af professionelle. Det mulige selv-udtryk er defineret af den type input, som platformen vælger som vigtigt. I en e-portfolio er formålet at ”vise og fortælle” om kompetencer og udvikling – og dette sker gennem fri tekst og visuel formgivning. Dette er vanskeligt i det sociale software, vi kender i dag. I en e-portfolio demonstrerer måden du repræsenterer dig selv på din kommunikative kompetence. Bør uddannelsesinstitutioner så ignorere eller endog forbyde brugen af profiler? Artiklen foreslår en måde, hvorpå de ville kunne drage fordel af en dobbelt strategi. For det første sætter institutionen ved at igangsætte et e-portfolio-program eleverne/de studerende i stand til at udvikle og kende deres kompetencer som lærende. En af e-portfolio-litteraturens (Qvortrup, Lund, Ellmin hovedkonklusioner er, at refleksion over læring sætter den lærende i stand til at forstå og erkende egne kompetencer. For det andet kan brugen af social software influere den studerendes evne til at danne relationer – og fokusere kompetencen til at skabe og vedligeholde professionelle relationer. Denne strategi er en fordel, fordi den adresserer et problem, som institutioner ofte møder, når de igangsætter et e-portfolio-program. De studerende føler ikke nogen ”indre nødvendighed” i forhold til at udfylde dem. De ser ikke e-portfolien som en måde at overtale deres læsere – måske fordi de gennem e-portfolien taler til et ukendt publikum. Her diskuteres e-portfolien som retorisk diskurs følgende Lhoyd Bitzers begreb om den retoriske situation. For at etablere en sand retorisk

  7. Epidemiologi ved systemisk lupus erythematosus (SLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inge-Margrethe Gilboe

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Det er utført få epidemiologiske studier av SLE i Norge. De studier som er utført viser liknende hyppighet og forekomst av SLE i Norge som i de øvrige nordiske land og forekomst av mild sykdom med en lav andel av alvorlig indre organ manifestasjoner. Insidens og prevalens er kartlagt i Nord-Norge visende en lavere insidens enn i de øvrige nordiske land, mens prevalensen er sammenliknbar. Tall fra Sverige tyder på stabil insidens, men økende prevalens, forenelig med økt overlevelse. Norske og nordiske studier viser høy kvinneandel og sammenliknbar alder ved diagnose. Studiene tyder på en høyere alder ved diagnose i Skandinavia enn i USA og England. Ut fra de nordiske studier er overlevelsen ved SLE god, selv om den er lavere enn i den generelle befolkningen. Overlevelse i de nordiske og europeiske land er sammenliknbare.Selv om overlevelsen ved SLE er betydelig bedret over tid utgjorde aktiv SLE og infeksjoner 50% av dødsårsakene i den danske mortalitetsstudien. Aterosklerotisk hjerte-karsykdom var en hyppig dødsårsak i alle studiene. Kardiovaskulær sykdom som hovedårsak til død ved SLE er påvist i den store internasjonale studien hvor pasienter fra Island og Sverige deltok og i andre europeiske og internasjonale studier. Betydelig økt risiko for hjerteinfarkt hos unge SLE-kvinner i Sverige er også påvist tidligere i internasjonale studier og styrker teorien om at SLE per ce er en selvstendig risikofaktor for aterosklerose. Det er ønskelig med flere epidemiologiske studier av SLE i Norge.There has been few studies on the epidemiology of SLE in Norway. The studies that have been conducted show similar frequency and occurence of SLE in Norway in comparison to the other Nordic countries, and mainly occurence of mild disease with only a low proportion suffering severe internal organ involvement. Studies on incidence and prevalence in the northern part of Norway show a lower incidence than in other Nordic countries, but a

  8. [Validation of a scale of sexuality (interests, emotions, relationships: IERS) in prime adolescence (12 to 15 years)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Courtois, R; Potard, C; Réveillère, C; Moltrecht, B

    2011-02-01

    Early adolescence, which we also call prime adolescence, is marked by the transformations of puberty and the sexualisation of the body, changes in cognition and the progressive involvement in sexuality. This study is the continuation of an earlier work dealing with the construction and validation of a questionnaire on sexuality during adolescence (Courtois et al., 1998) [8]. Population. The sample was composed of 312 middle-school students (7 to 9(th) grade) from four middle-schools in Tours and its suburbs (Indre-et-Loire, France): 164 girls (52.6%) and 148 boys (47.4%); with a mean age of 13.8 (S.D.=1.02; from 10.7 to 16.9) (without significant differences between boys and girls). Material. The material was composed of 22 items calling for true or false answers and including 13 items from the initial questionnaire by Courtois et al. (1998) [7,8] structured in three dimensions ("Behavioral engagement in sexuality", "Love and fidelity" and "Taste for flirting"). Procedure. The study was carried out in 2008 in the classroom (anonymity guaranteed). The results of the factorial analysis (as the main component and by the method which maximizes variance, Varimax) made it possible to find three factors which explain 41% of total variance: "Going out with someone" (value of 4.6, explaining 21% of the total variance); "Giving priority to love" (value of 2.8 explaining 13% of the variance); "Flirting with the aim of having sexual relations" (value of 1.6 explaining 7% of variance). The Cronbach alphas are 0.79, 0.70 and 0.66 respectively. The first and third factors are correlated. In order to obtain a shorter final instrument and to favor the orthogonality between factors, we only retained the items which are strongly saturated by the factors (>0.50). A confirmatory analysis revealed the good adequation of the model retained (Chi(2): 162, 87 dof, Psexuality significant in prime adolescence (in accordance with interests, emotions and relationships). The analyses were