WorldWideScience

Sample records for lyngsoe jotun hein

  1. Anti-nociceptive activity of Hygrophila auriculata (Schum) Heine ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hygrophila auriculata (Schum) Heine (syn) Asteracantha longifolia Nees, Acanthaceae was described in ayurvedic literature as Ikshura, Ikshugandha, and Kokilasha. The plant was extensively used in traditional system of medicine for various ailments like rheumatism, inflammation, jaundice, hepatic obstruction, pain, etc.

  2. Heinrich Heine e Castro Alves: diversidade na convergência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eloá Heise

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available Heinrich Heine und Castro Alves haben Gedichte unter dem gleichen Titel geschrieben: Das Sklavenschiff und O Navio Negreiro. Das bedeutet aber nicht, daß Castro Alves ein Plagiat des Gedichts Heines, des Verfassers der ersten Quelle, begangen hat. Trotz der gleichen Thematik in beiden Fällen kann man durch die Analyse der beiden Gedichte die deutliche Divergenz in der Konvergenz belegen.

  3. The Floral Symbol in the Poetry of Heinrich Heine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandra Chepelyk

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted the plant symbolics which became the inalienable constituent of the original creation of Heinrich Heine. The distinctive traits of the artist’s lyric poetry are floral images, which are able to reflect the psychology of the human soul in the correlation with the spiritual substance – the divine nature. The immersion of Heinrich Heine in the world of the plants was conducived to the activation of the special emotional and psychological loading with the purpose of the comprehension of the internal experience of the lyric subject, represented in the sensory perceptible figurative, sound and visual landscapes.

  4. Christoph Hein's Horns Ende. Historical Revisionism: A Process of Renewal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinz Bulmahn

    1991-06-01

    Full Text Available In light of recent developments, the historical record of the German Democratic Republic will be closely reexamined as the two Germanies merge into one country. Christoph Hein's novel Horns Ende undoubtedly will play a role in the debate about the GDR past, because it is a clear repudiation of official historical mythmaking. The novel examines in detail the political and social fiber of a small town in the GDR during the fifties. Horn returns to the town some thirty years after his death, and entices the townspeople to recount their lives during the early years of the socialist republic. These recollections initiate a dialogue between author, reader and the townspeople. The outcome of these exchanges is a skillful dissection of the effects of Stalinism on ordinary citizens, and it revises perceptions of a period in GDR history that officially had been touted as politically and socially harmonious. Hein challenges the reader to reconstruct a historical record that more closely reflects the experiences of ordinary people, and in doing so he exposes past official historical mythmaking. He is convinced that a society's survival is dependent upon the accuracy of its history; historical revision therefore must not be left to those in power.

  5. Il faut bien faire avec des bribes, hein! (You Have to Make Do with Scraps, Huh?)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malandain, Jean-Louis

    1983-01-01

    Suggestions are made for structuring taped listening exercises to promote careful attention to various elements of spontaneous speech (speaker, speaker characteristics, tone, etc.), and to sensitize students to the usage of "hein" or other specific expressions. (MSE)

  6. Positioning of the new trademark HEIN GAS in the liberalized gas market; Die Neupositionierung der Marke HEIN GAS im liberalisierten Gasmarkt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Unbehaun, C. [HEIN GAS Hamburger Gaswerke GmbH, Hamburg (Germany)

    2000-10-01

    Trademarks are getting increasingly important as a marketing factor in natural gas supply. The HEIN GAS company aims at becoming one of the top utilities in northern Germany. The contribution shows how marketing research and strategies are employed to achieve this. [German] Die kommunikativen Aktivitaeten aller Gasunternehmen werden zukuenftig einen entscheidenden Marktfaktor darstellen, um Geschaefts- und Privatkunden zu halten bzw. weitere zu gewinnen. Gerade im deutschen Gasmarkt, der durch austauschbare Produkte gekennzeichnet ist, kommt der Marke besondere Bedeutung zu. Der Preis ist zwar ein wichtiger, aber nicht immer allein entscheidendeer Wettbewerbsfaktor. Fuer das Unternehmen HEIN GAS heisst dies, auch im kommunikativen Wettbewerb zu bestehen. Es wird der Weg beschrieben, HEIN GAS zu einer Fuehrungsmarke im norddeutschen Waermemarkt zu etablieren. Dabei wird aufgezeigt, wie die Ergebnisse durch Marktforschung ueberprueft werden.

  7. Genetics and Human Agency: Comment on Dar-Nimrod and Heine (2011)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkheimer, Eric

    2011-01-01

    Dar-Nimrod and Heine (2011) decried genetic essentialism without denying the importance of genetics in the genesis of human behavior, and although I agree on both counts, a deeper issue remains unaddressed: how should we adjust our cognitions about our own behavior in light of genetic influence, or is it perhaps not necessary to take genetics into…

  8. Pancultural self-enhancement reloaded: a meta-analytic reply to Heine (2005).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sedikides, Constantine; Gaertner, Lowell; Vevea, Jack L

    2005-10-01

    C. Sedikides, L. Gaertner, and Y. Toguchi (2003) reported findings favoring the universality of self-enhancement. S. J. Heine (2005) challenged the authors' research on evidential and logical grounds. In response, the authors carried out 2 meta-analytic investigations. The results backed the C. Sedikides et al. (2003) theory and findings. Both Westerners and Easterners self-enhanced tactically. Westerners self-enhanced on attributes relevant to the cultural ideal of individualism, whereas Easterners self-enhanced on attributes relevant to the cultural ideal of collectivism (in both cases, because of the personal importance of the ideal). Self-enhancement motivation is universal, although its manifestations are strategically sensitive to cultural context. The authors respond to other aspects of Heine's critique by discussing why researchers should empirically validate the comparison dimension (individualistic vs. collectivistic) and defending why the better-than-average effect is a valid measure of self-enhancement.

  9. Romanticism and Politics: from Heinrich Heine to Carl Schmitt – and Back Again

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pericles S. Vallianos

    2013-12-01

    Romanticism. It then points to the distinguishing features of German Romanticism, namely the enlargement of the doctrine into an integral metaphysics with the concept of the “organic state” at its core (A. Müller. The critique of political Romanticism by two revolutionary democrats (H. Heine and A. Ruge is then presented. The article closes with a critique of C. Schmitt’s interpretation of political Romanticism.

  10. «Maria Antoniette» di Heinrich Heine: una «Historie» dalla «Matrazengruft»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erminio Morenghi

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This thematic and stylistic analysis of the poem Marie Antoinette by Heine, one of the His­torien taken from the famous Romanzero (1851, seeks to highlight the eeriness of the ancien régime personified by the ghosts of the queen and her ladies in the Tuileries palace after the revolutions of 1830 and 1848. The politically disappointed poet blames the aristocracy for being still bound to the Etiquette and for preventing the necessary social reforms proposed by the prince. For Heine, the light of reason should exorcise the wandering ghosts of a disturbing past.

  11. The Heine-Tear: the tension between spiritualism and sensualism in three short stories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pia Paganelli

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available To approach Heine’s literature is to enter the world of one of the most controversial authors, and also one of the most conscious intellectuals about the historical crisis of his time. His work suffers the tension between Romanticism and Modern Era, this is why he tried to give a new esthetic answer that contemplated a critical view of everything that was presented as new, as well as of his past cultural heritage. This article tries to analyze Heine´s three short stories -De las memorias del señor de Schnabelewopski, published in 1833, Noches Florentinas of 1835, and El rabino de Bacherach published in 1840- which problematize the tension between spiritualism and sensualism, in order to demonstrate that de broken unity presented as a contradiction of elements, characters and spaces, constitute the structural procedure of Heine’s literature. Finally, the dichotomy between spiritualism and sensualism stablished by Jewish-christian religion, that continued during Romanticism through its idealized and ahistorical representations, encouraged Heine to use those procedures in order to criticize them, as well as the whole statu quo of his time.

  12. Lo romántico y el romanticismo en Schlengel, Hegel y Heine. Un debate de cultura política sobre el arte y su tiempo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javeir Dominguez Hernández.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Given their literary and philosophical achievements, German Romanticism and German Idealism enjoy a good reputation, cove-ring up the political and ideological virulence that its main protagonists – such as Schlegel, Hegel and Heine – had to face. This article distinguishes between Romantic and Romanticism. Schlegel devised a typology of Romantic art. This European art form, which developed under the preserve of Christianity, gradually lost its sacred character as it became modern. Romanticism, well characterized by Heine`s “Romantic School,” is the conversion of this Romantic aesthethic into a medievalizing and conservative ideology in the context of a political culture hostile to German Enlightenment, which was criticized by Heine for historical, political and social reasons, and by Hegel for philosophical reasons. In terms of philosophy, the Romantic thought criticized by Hegel was not that of Schlegel but that of Schelling.

  13. Pesquisa de oocistos de Cryptosporidium sp em fezes: comparação entre os métodos de Kinyoun modificado e de heine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Amato Neto

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Para diagnosticar a infecção intestinal pelo Cryptosporidium sp, hoje bastante em foco pela não incomum participação no contexto da síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida (AIDS, várias técnicas têm sido indicadas. Com o intuito de esclarecer vantagens e desvantagens, envolvendo quantificação, morfologia, durabilidade do esfregaço e tempo de preparação, comparamos os resultados obtidos mediante emprego de dois desses processos, ou seja, de Kinyoun modificado e de Heine, aplicados em amostras fecais de pacientes com AIDS. A sensibilidade foi bastante semelhante e a escolha deve depender da valorização das virtudes de cada uma das técnicas, que são: quanto â de Kinyoun modificada, a durabilidade dos esfregaços e, a propósito da de Heine, a rapidez com que se dã o preparo, aliada â superioiidade quando o parâmetro é a quantidade de oocistos encontrados, mais freqüentemente verificada.The diagnosis of intestinal infection by Cryptosporidium sp is crucial today; with the progression of the AIDS epidemic, many cases of cryptosporidiosis have appeared in this setting and in other immunodeficiency diseases. We compared the advantages and disadvantages of Heine's method and modified Kinyoun's method in the following parameters: morphology of the parasite, quantitation of cysts, stability of the staining characteristics timewise on the slides and time spend at staining. All positive fecal smears were obtained from patients with AIDS. The sensitivity of these two techniques was the same. The choice should be made by the best aspects of each method. Heine's was better for quantitation of the cysts and was faster. Kinyoun's was better for conserving the stained smear.

  14. 16 Hein 03.pmd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hond

    2007-09-07

    Sep 7, 2007 ... into a quarterly under a new title Tydskrif vir letterkunde(Journal for ... wrote feverishly under the guiding light of an emergent Afrikaner nationalism. ... of Burkinabè scholarship covering a wide range of perspectives; subject matter ... Anyone involved in academe would know that the writing and production of ...

  15. Avaliação da influência do formol e do hipoclorito de sódio na pesquisa de oocistos de Cryptosporidium nas fezes, através do método de heine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Rafael Módolo

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available Foram examinadas, para pesquisa de Cryptosporidium pelo método de Heine,fezes de nove bezerros com criptosporidíase, após utilização prévia de dois diferentes desinfetantes. Quanto ao formol a 10%, notou-se que não houve interferência na identificação dos oocistos, em período compreendido entre cinco minutos e 72 horas; ao ser usado o hipoclorito de sódio a 14,5%, verificou-se que depois de 30minutos os ooçistos apresentaram-se avermelhados e sem refração, dificultando o reconhecimento. Assim, recomenda-se a adição de formol a 10% à matéria fecal, conforme a etapa referida, para coibir o risco de infecção de laboratoristas pelo vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV, quando usada para diagnóstico atécnica mencionada.Cryptosporidium oocysts were searched by Heine 's method in stools of nine cal/s with cryptoporidiosis after stool treatment with two disinfectants, 10% paraformaldehyde solution and 14,5% sodium hypochlorite solution. After 30 minutes exposition to sodium hypochlorite solution oocysts became non refractile and acquired a reddish tinge, making their Identification difficult. No morphological alterations occured in oocysts after paraformaldehyde treatment. We recommend paraformaldehyde at 10% concentration as means of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV inactivation for routine use in stool examinations and therefore making safer those type of procedures for laboratory personnel, when using Heine 's method.

  16. Efecto de la motivación sobre la higiene oral: valoración mediante el índice de placa de Quigley-Hein modificado por Turesky

    OpenAIRE

    Poyato Ferrera, Manuel María; Segura-Egea, Juan J; Bullon, Pedro

    2001-01-01

    Objetivo. Estudiar el efecto de una intensa motivación sobre la higiene oral de los pacientes. Pacientes. Cuarenta y seis alumnos del primer curso del ciclo superior “Higiene Bucodental” del IES Santa Aurelia de Sevilla, 10 hombres (21,73%) y 36 mujeres (78,26%), con edades comprendidas entre los 18 y 30 años.Material y métodos. Se ha utilizado como índice de higiene oral el índice de placa de Quigley-Hein modificado por Turesky (IPQHT). La motivación se mantuvo de forma muy intensa (al menos...

  17. Frauen der Heine-Zeit Women of the Heine Era

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mechthilde Vahsen

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Der Sammelband stellt 26 Frauen aus der Zeit zwischen dem Ende des 18. und der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts vor. Es handelt sich um Schriftstellerinnen, Publizistinnen, Künstlerinnen, Sängerinnen, eine Hausangestellte und eine Ärztin. Die einzelnen Beiträge bieten neue Perspektiven und wichtige Ergebnisse nicht nur für die Frauenforschung zum 19. Jahrhundert.This anthology introduces 26 women who lived between the late 18th century and the first half of the 19th century. These women were writers, publishers, artists, singers, one maid, and a medical doctor. The individual contributions offer new perspectives and findings that are relevant to research on 19th century women and beyond.

  18. Mõisaarhitektuur rootsi ajal / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Vene-Liivi sõja järel püstitatud esimesed mõisahooned. Linnusest lossiks. Rootsi võimumehed ehitusisandatena (Haapsalu ja Kuressaare linnuse ümberehitamise plaanid, Kolga, Põltsamaa, Malla, Matsalu, Lihula ja Tallinna lähiümbruse mõisad). Kohaliku aadli osa mõisaehituses. Palladionismi esiletõus (Maardu, Anija, Mäo (arhitekt Jacob Stael von Holstein), Aa, Palmse (arhitekt Johann Stael von Holstein), Kuremaa, Avanduse, Lagedi, Rägavere ja Varangu mõisahooned). Bibliograafia lk. 450-452

  19. Mõisad kaovad kahest otsast / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2006-01-01

    Mõisate tähendusest Eesti kultuuriloos, nende ennistamisel tehtud vigadest. Lähemalt Restori renoveeritud Maardu ja Kalvi mõisast. Õisu mõisahoone treppi kaunistanud (autor Giovanni Antonio Cybei) marmorkujudest

  20. Stukk, see kõige kallim krohv / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    1998-01-01

    Stukkdekoori kasutamisest Eestis alates 17. sajandist. Itaaliast kui stuki sünnimaast. Kadrioru lossist, majast Kiriku tn. 1 Tompeal, Põltsamaa lossist, Roosna-Alliku mõisahoonest, majast Kivi tn. 1 Tartus, Rapla ümbruse mõisatest

  1. Unistuste õhuloss juustumaal Šveitsis / Ivar-Kristjan Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ivar-Kristjan

    2002-01-01

    New Yorgi arhitektide Elizabeth Dilleri (46) ja Ricardo Scofidio (65) looming Neuchateli järvel - kunstlik pilv, kuhu saab siseneda. Arhitektid eksperimenteerivad ruumikasutuse erinevate võimalustega

  2. Kofi Awoonor in conversation with Hein Willemse | Awoonor ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    He also taught at the University of Texas at Austin, and returned to Ghana in 1975 to teach at the University of Cape Coast, Ghana's third university. Shortly after his return, he was imprisoned by the Acheampong military regime and released in 1976. From the early 1980s to the early 90s, he held a number of ambassadorial ...

  3. Lusikas nomaadidele / Riho Tiivel ; interv. Inna-Katrin Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiivel, Riho

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia tootedisaini eriala üliõpilane Riho Tiivel võitis Itaalias toimunud disainikonkursi ReAL 13 "Eating Anywhere" peapreemia oma alumiiniumist lusikaga "Spoon Container". Riho Tiivel on lõpetanud Tartu Kunstikooli mööblirestaureerijana

  4. Tartu ehitusmeistrid keskaegses Novgorodis, Tallinna omad - Olavinlinnas / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2015-01-01

    Vana-Liivimaalt pärit ehitusmeistrite tööd on võimalik ära tunda teatud lihtsuse ja kasinuse põhjal. Novgorodi Granovitaja palata'st. Granovitaja palata tähtvõlvidest ja müüriladumisviisist. Olavinlinna linnusele on omased keskelt paisutatud ümartornid, ehitusstiilis on tunda just Tallinna hiliskeskaegsele ehituskoolkonnale omaseid jooni. Linnust hakati rajama Viiburi asehalduri Erik Axelsson Totti eestvõttel 1475. aastal

  5. "Salatoimikud" Indiana Jonesi moodi / Inna-Katrin Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Inna-Katrin

    2008-01-01

    Steven Spielbergi neljas Indiana Jones'i film Harrison Fordiga nimiosas "Indiana Jones ja kristallpealuu kuningriik" ("Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull") : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2008

  6. Jacob Stael von Holstein ja palladionism eesti arhitektuuris / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Sõjaväeinsenerist ja arhitektist Jacob Stael von Holsteinist (1628, Pärnu-1679), tema kavandatud hoonetest ja rollist 17. sajandi II poole arhitektuuris. Fabian von Ferseni Toompeal Lossiplatsil asunud elamust (lammutati 1894) ja Maardu mõisahoonest, Hans von Ferseni Mäo mõisahoonest Järvamaal, Otto Wilhelm von Ferseni majast Toompeal, Axel von Roseni majast Tallinnas Pikk t. 28 (1670-74), Otto Reinhold von Taube majast Tartus (hävinud), J. S. von Holsteini enda hoonetest: majast Tallinnas Toompea 1, Anija mõisahoonest, elamust Riias jm. Bibliograafia lk. 452

  7. Palu kiriku taaselustamine ja sünergia / Minni Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Minni

    2013-01-01

    Näitus "Soolaleivapidu / Housewarming" 12.07.-10.08. 2013 Paluküla kirikus Hiiumaal. Autor: Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, kaasautorid: Külli Tüli, Sylvia Köster, Keity Pook, Siim Porila, Ann Mirjam Vaikla, Urmo Vaikla, Ingel Vaikla. Samas 9.-13.07.2013 toimunud Eesti Kunstiakadeemia avatud töötast "Re-Vitalization" (juhendajad Tom Callebaut, Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla), mis käsitles mahajäetud (kiriku)hoonete taaselustamise teemat

  8. Linna auw ninck illo : Olevistest ja tema tornist / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2014-01-01

    14. sajandi tornist. 1448. aastal valminud meister Grunde tornikiivrist. Oleviste torni kõrgusest keskajal. 1651. aastal valminud Hans Geissleri tornikiivrist. Taastamistöödest pärast 1820. aasta tulekahju. Viimastest remontidest

  9. Seitse paika, mis peidavad mõistatusi / Till Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Till

    2009-01-01

    Kayaikhtiyo stuupa Birmas, Nazca Peruus, püramiidid Egiptuses, Meoto-Iwa Jaapanis, Stonehenge Inglismaal, Machu Picchu Peruus ja Bermuda kolmnurk Sargasso meres on paigad, mille lahtiseletamise üle on murdnud pead mitu põlvkonda inimesi

  10. Churchi-Pytagorase tees / Robert Rosen ; tõlk. Kalle Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosen, Robert

    2006-01-01

    Autori essee peamiseks mõtteks on põhjendada ühismõõdutuse tegelikkust ja näidata, kuidas matemaatika ja looduse vahekorra mõistmine on seotud matemaatika enda arendamise strateegiaga. Lisaks ka Kalevi Kulli märkused autori kohta

  11. The moral challenge of green technology / Aarne P Vesilind, Lauren Heine, Jamie Hendry

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vesilind, Aarne P

    2006-01-01

    Autorid leiavad, et rohelise tehnoloogia kasutuselevõtu ja ettevõtete kasumi teenimise vastuseisu korral võidab kasumlikkus ning reguleerimata vaba turu süsteem ei toeta jätkusuutlikku arengut. Käsitletakse ettevõtte DuPont tegevdirektori Chad Holliday otsust jätkata tulutoova toote Teflon tootmist

  12. Kunstnik ja tema kodu : Carl Timoleon von Neff Piira ja Muuga mõisas / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Ateljeedest Euroopas alates 15. sajandist ja Eestis alates 19. sajandist. Pikemalt Julius Kleveri ja Otto Moelleri ateljeest. Maalikunstnik Carl Timoleon von Neffi elust ja loomingust, kunsti kollektsioneerimisest. Piira ja Muuga mõisahoonest, plaanid, sise- ja välisvaated

  13. Raamat sünnib kuulata / Meelis Mihkla, Indrek Hein, Andrus Hiiepuu ...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2017-01-01

    Tekstide helindamissüsteemidest: Eesti Keele Instituudis loodud tekstide helindaja Vox Populi, Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu digitaalarhiivi DIGAR helindamisliides, Elisa Raamatu rakendus Iselugeja. Tekstitöötlus- ja hääldusprobleemidest ning tekstiliigenduse esiletoomisest sünteeskõnes

  14. An Early Danish Computer Game: The case of Nim, Piet Hein, and Regnecentralen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Anker Helms

    2009-01-01

    This paper reports on the development of Nimbi, which is an early computer game implemented at the Danish Computer Company Regnecentralen in 1962-63. Nimbi is a variant of the ancient game Nim. The paper traces the primary origins of the development of Nimbi. These include a mathematical analysis...

  15. The innovation process : suggestions for improvement in a research and development environment / Friedrich Wilhelm Hein Kruger

    OpenAIRE

    Kruger, Friedrich Wilhelm Hein

    1998-01-01

    Sasol Ltd is regarded as the world leader in Fischer-Tropsch technology and endeavours to reinforce this, not necessarily sustainable, competitive advantage by globalisation. This globalisation strategy reflects the company's commitment to sustainable growth through the development, production, and marketing of new products and processes. Sasol Technology (Pty) Ltd is clearly an important role player in the realisation of this vision, and strives to add optimum value to the tre...

  16. Karl Menningu (ja iseenese) päästmiseks / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Vastuseks Karin Hallas-Murula arvustusele "Maja, mis on sümbol" (Sirp, 2007, 5. X, lk. 13) ja Mait Väljase arvustusele "Iseolemise algus arhitektuuris" (Maja, 2008, nr. 1, lk. 86-87) oma 2007. a. ilmunud raamatust "Maja kui sümbol : Eesti Üliõpilaste Seltsi hoone Tartus" kohta. Georg Hellati ja Karl Menningu osalusest EÜS-i hoone sünniloos. Frank Lloyd Wrightist kui võimalikust eeskujuandjast

  17. The Diatom Anorthoneis dulcis Hein from Southern Brazil: Morphology and Ecology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marines, G.; Marciana, T.D.

    2007-01-01

    A new geographic locality for Anorthoneis dulcis is reported. The paper describes the distribution and relative abundance of A. dulcis in Lagoa dos Patos lagoon (a lagoon in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil) from samples collected between 2004 and 2005, and shows that this rare species is present all year round. This study extends the species distribution to South America indicating that the species can thrive on sand grains in lentic estuarine, and freshwater areas. It widens the range of tolerance to environmental parameters. The valve fine structure, morphology, and dimensions are in agreement with the original diagnosis.

  18. Tagasiviitavad tõendid: teine pilk pilditeadusele / Beat Wyss ; intervjueerinud Ivar-Kristjan Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wyss, Beat, 1947-

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuus Karlsruhe kunsti- ja disainiülikooli kunstiajaloo ja meediateooria professori Beat Wyssiga on teemaks Zürichis tema juhitav uurimisprojekt, mille keskmes on Venezia biennaal Ida-Euroopa riikide positsioonilt, tema EKA Kunstiteaduse Instituudi doktorantidele peetud seminar "Tagasiviitavad tõendid. Teine pilk pilditeadusele", tema kaasaegse kunsti universaalsed põhimõtted

  19. Kakskeelse ja oraalse õppemeetodi mõju kurtide laste keelekasutusele / Kadri Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Kadri

    2009-01-01

    Artiklis vaadeldakse, kuidas mõjutavad kakskeelne ja oraalne õppemeetod kurtide keelekasutust. Küsitletud on Tallinna Heleni Kooli ja Tartu Hiie Kooli õpilasi. Uuriti, kuidas lapsed suhtlevad pereliikmete ja sõpradega, kuidas suheldakse väljaspool kodu, mis keelt peavad õpilased oma emakeeleks ning mis tasemel nad viipekeelt ja eesti keelt oskavad

  20. Reconstructing phylogenetic networks using maximum parsimony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakhleh, Luay; Jin, Guohua; Zhao, Fengmei; Mellor-Crummey, John

    2005-01-01

    Phylogenies - the evolutionary histories of groups of organisms - are one of the most widely used tools throughout the life sciences, as well as objects of research within systematics, evolutionary biology, epidemiology, etc. Almost every tool devised to date to reconstruct phylogenies produces trees; yet it is widely understood and accepted that trees oversimplify the evolutionary histories of many groups of organims, most prominently bacteria (because of horizontal gene transfer) and plants (because of hybrid speciation). Various methods and criteria have been introduced for phylogenetic tree reconstruction. Parsimony is one of the most widely used and studied criteria, and various accurate and efficient heuristics for reconstructing trees based on parsimony have been devised. Jotun Hein suggested a straightforward extension of the parsimony criterion to phylogenetic networks. In this paper we formalize this concept, and provide the first experimental study of the quality of parsimony as a criterion for constructing and evaluating phylogenetic networks. Our results show that, when extended to phylogenetic networks, the parsimony criterion produces promising results. In a great majority of the cases in our experiments, the parsimony criterion accurately predicts the numbers and placements of non-tree events.

  1. Sisearhitekt annab panuse : hea disaini mõõdupuuks ratsionaalsus ja omapära / Tea Taruste ; kommenteerinud Loreida Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taruste, Tea

    2011-01-01

    Tomomi Hayashi, Ahti Grünbergi ja Kerli Valgu projekteeritud ADM Interactive'i bürooruumidest. Sisearhitekt Priit Põldme nõuandeid bürooruumide ümberkujundamiseks. Loreida Heina kommentaar "Bürood uuendades pole mõtet kogu mööblit välja vahetada"

  2. "Esialgses vormis, ilma olulisema inetamise ja muutmiseta" : Tallinna Oleviste kiriku taastamine pärast 1820. aasta tulekahju / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2015-01-01

    Tulekahjust. Taastamistööde finantseerimisest. Kahest olulisest nimest Oleviste ehitusloos - Alexander Feldmann'ist ja Friedrich Ludwig von Maydell'ist. Taastamistööde käigust. Altaritest ja kantslist. Tisleritöödest, orelist

  3. Efficient parsimony-based methods for phylogenetic network reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Guohua; Nakhleh, Luay; Snir, Sagi; Tuller, Tamir

    2007-01-15

    Phylogenies--the evolutionary histories of groups of organisms-play a major role in representing relationships among biological entities. Although many biological processes can be effectively modeled as tree-like relationships, others, such as hybrid speciation and horizontal gene transfer (HGT), result in networks, rather than trees, of relationships. Hybrid speciation is a significant evolutionary mechanism in plants, fish and other groups of species. HGT plays a major role in bacterial genome diversification and is a significant mechanism by which bacteria develop resistance to antibiotics. Maximum parsimony is one of the most commonly used criteria for phylogenetic tree inference. Roughly speaking, inference based on this criterion seeks the tree that minimizes the amount of evolution. In 1990, Jotun Hein proposed using this criterion for inferring the evolution of sequences subject to recombination. Preliminary results on small synthetic datasets. Nakhleh et al. (2005) demonstrated the criterion's application to phylogenetic network reconstruction in general and HGT detection in particular. However, the naive algorithms used by the authors are inapplicable to large datasets due to their demanding computational requirements. Further, no rigorous theoretical analysis of computing the criterion was given, nor was it tested on biological data. In the present work we prove that the problem of scoring the parsimony of a phylogenetic network is NP-hard and provide an improved fixed parameter tractable algorithm for it. Further, we devise efficient heuristics for parsimony-based reconstruction of phylogenetic networks. We test our methods on both synthetic and biological data (rbcL gene in bacteria) and obtain very promising results.

  4. Genoom : ühe liigi autobiograafia kahekümne kolmes peatükis / Matt Ridley ; tõlk. Kalle Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ridley, Matt

    2002-01-01

    Järgneb nr. 5, lk. 1097-1127 ; nr. 6 lk. 1319-1351 ; nr. 7, lk. 1543-1575 ; nr. 8, lk. 1765-1799 ; nr. 9, lk. 1991-2023 ; nr. 10, lk. 2215-2247 ; nr. 11, lk. 2439-2471. Inimese genoom ehk inimgeenide täielik kogum

  5. Õpetaja tagasiside ja õpikeskkonna tajumise mõju motivatsioonile kehalises kasvatuses spordiga tegelejate ja mittetegelejate õpilaste hulgas / Andre Koka, Vello Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koka, Andre, 1977-

    2001-01-01

    Uuringust, millega püüti selgitada, kuidas põhikooli õpilased tajuvad kehalise kasvatuse tunni õpikeskkonda, iseäranis õpetaja tagasiside andmist, ning millisel määral see mõjutab õpilaste sisemist motivatsiooni. Kehalise kasvatuse õpikeskkonna tajumise mõõtmiseks kasutati PELESì küsimustikku. Uurimuse käigus töötati välja küsimustik mõõtmaks kehalise kasvatuse õpetaja tagasiside andmise tajumist õpilaste poolt (PTFBì küsimustik). Küsimustele vastasid 12-15-aastased Tartu linna koolide 6. ja 8.kl. õpilased

  6. Alpha List of Prime Contract Awards. Oct 91 - Sep 92. FY 92 (General Image Engineering Corp - H E H Heins GMBH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    CDO-4 zaw O il E sOO Mcq it 0 0 0 0 0 0D (’AN 00 ɜ 1 MI 10 3a’COON U.L 1-1 Ui. 4 -. C>O - LA- WA 1-1 La-O)OC 1-14- Wr2CO iO z- 0 0) 01 a 00 0 0 0 0 4...0 c) tun r- 1-1 In a) cli In r- f-- to <> V) r- r- I- -i ,1 14 ed < o c) 11 00 (0 (0 (D (10 Z) (0 00 0 C> o C> 00 (Tf o 00 C) C, 00 qzr 00-4 r- t- P

  7. Kes peab posti- või Interneti-müügi lepingust taganemisel kandma esialgsed postikulud? : Euroopa Kohtu otsus asjas Handelsgesellschaft Heinrich Heine GmbH vs. Verbraucherzentrale Nordrhein-Westfalen e.V. / Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    Euroopa Kohtu lahendist, mille kohaselt on Euroopa Liidu kaugmüügidirektiiviga vastuolus müügilepingu klauslid, mille järgi lepingust taganemise korral esialgseid postikulusid tellijatele ei tagastata

  8. Kui räägime eesti keele ainekavast, siis millest õigupoolest räägime? / Ivika Hein, Aime Klandorf, Küllike Kütimets, Piibe Leiger...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Kolmest põhimõttelisest muudatusest võrreldes 2002. a. ainekavaga. Vastukaja artiklitele: Kerge, Krista. Eesti emakeele õpetajale. Uusen, Anne. Veel kord õppekavast // Õpetajate Leht (2007) 23. veebr., lk. 6-7

  9. Johann Christoph Brotze ja ajalugu akvarellides / Teet Veispak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veispak, Teet, 1955-

    2006-01-01

    Kirjastuselt Estopol ilmus 2006. a. raamat "Estonica" Riias tegutsenud baltisaksa kultuuriloolase Eestit puudutavatest akvarellidest ja joonistustest. Koostajad Ants Hein, Ivar Leimus, Raimo Pullat ja Ants Viires

  10. Three Models of Faust’s Character

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana V. Kiryanova

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The article examines three independent images of Faust, created during XVIII–XIX centuries by F. Klinger, I.F. Goethe and H. Heine and literary models, resulting from these images.

  11. Reexamining "Brown" Twenty-Five Years Later: Looking Backward into the Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Robert L.

    1979-01-01

    While not abandoning the goal of integration in the schools, poor blacks should aim toward obtaining a high quality education, obtaining equal education whatever the setting. Available from William S. Hein & Co., Inc., 1285 Main St., Buffalo, NY 14209. (IRT)

  12. Eesti esinumber Jens Salumäe : mul hakkas töötahe kaduma / Deivil Tserp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tserp, Deivil, 1968-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Suusaliidu juhid lähtusid suusahüppaja Jens Salumäe soovist ja kutsusid koondise peatreeneriks tema soomlasest abilise Sami Leskineni. Kommenteerib suusahüppekoondise peatreeneri kohalt taandunud Hillar Hein

  13. Holland piiraks sisserännet EL-i / Ahto Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Hollandi justiitsministri Piet Hein Donneri sõnul otsib EL-i praegune eesistujamaa Holland lahendusi, mis aitaksid põgenikke ja potentsiaalseid asüülitaotlejaid paremini kaitsta nende asukohariikide läheduses

  14. Kolmikpunkt - ainulaadne koht Eestis / Toomas Pindis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pindis, Toomas

    2008-01-01

    Eesti, Läti ja Venemaa piiride kokkupuutepunktist Kagu piirivalvepiirkonna Luhamaa piirivalvekordoni vastutusalal. Vt. samas: Riin Kiik. Värska kordonis valvatakse piiri ja arheoloogiamälestist; Lauri Hein. Schengeni välispiiril juhtub nii mõndagi...

  15. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    BRIAN

    and simulation game. These key ... continue the dynamics generated by the FFS process: to build local institutions to ..... action at group and community levels; and incorporate bottom-up and interactive ... Hein, B and Muhammad, A.I (2007).

  16. Progress in the evaluation, use in breeding, and genetic analysis of semi-dwarf mutants of barley

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ullrich, S.E.; Muir, C.E.; Washington State Univ., Pullman

    1984-01-01

    Breeding for reduced height in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) to primarily reduce lodging susceptibility is ongoing in the Washington State University barley breeding program. Two semi-dwarf winter and spring cultivars have been released and a number of advanced lines are being considered for release. Several semi-dwarf sources are utilized, including those from induced mutants in 'Jotun', 'Piroline' and 'Valticky'. In addition, over 200 putative mutants have been selected in the past four years from M 2 sodium azide-treated populations of local cultivars and advanced lines. These are evaluated in the pedigree breeding program and some have been incorporated into male sterile facilitated recurrent selection populations developed for reduced height. The inheritance of dwarfism in one mutant in the cultivar 'Advance' was determined to be controlled by a single recessive gene. (author)

  17. Environmental monitoring survey of oil and gas fields in Region II in 2009. Summary report; Miljoeovervaaking av olje- og gassfelt i Region II i 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-03-15

    The oil companies Statoil ASA, ExxonMobil Exploration and Production Norway AS, Total E&P Norge AS, Talisman Energy Norge AS and Marathon Petroleum Norge AS commissioned Section of Applied Environmental Research at UNI RESEARCH AS to undertake the monitoring survey of Region II in 2009. Similar monitoring surveys in Region II have been carried out in 1996, 2000, 2003 and 2006. The survey in 2009 included in total 18 fields: Rev, Varg, Sigyn, Sleipner Vest, Sleipner OEst, Sleipner Alfa Nord, Glitne, Grane, Balder, Ringhorne, Jotun, Vale, Skirne, Byggve, Heimdal, Volve, Vilje og Alvheim. Sampling was conducted from the vessel MV Libas between May 18 and May 27. Samples were collected from in totally 137 sampling sites, of which 15 were regional sampling sites. Samples for chemical analysis were collected at all sites, whereas samples for benthos analysis were collected at 12 fields. As in previous surveys, Region II is divided into natural sub-regions. One sub-region is shallow (77-96 m) sub-region, a central sub-region (107-130 m) and a northern subregion (115-119 m). The sediments of the shallow sub-region had relatively lower content of TOM and pelite and higher content of fine sand than the central and northern sub-regions. Calculated areas of contamination are shown for the sub-regions in Table 1.1. The fields Sigyn, Sleipner Alfa Nord, Glitne, Grane, Balder, Ringhorne, Jotun, Skirne, Byggve, Vilje og Alvheim showed no contamination of THC. At the other fields there were minor changes from 2006. The concentrations of barium increased in the central sub-region from 2006 to 2009, also at fields where no drilling had been undertaken during the last years. The same laboratory and methods are used during the three last regional investigations. The changes in barium concentrations may be due to high variability of barium concentrations in the sediments. This is supported by relatively large variations in average barium concentrations at the regional sampling sites in

  18. Environmental monitoring survey of oil and gas fields in Region II in 2009. Summary report; Miljoeovervaaking av olje- og gassfelt i Region II i 2009. Sammendragsrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-03-15

    The oil companies Statoil ASA, ExxonMobil Exploration and Production Norway AS, Total E&P Norge AS, Talisman Energy Norge AS and Marathon Petroleum Norge AS commissioned Section of Applied Environmental Research at UNI RESEARCH AS to undertake the monitoring survey of Region II in 2009. Similar monitoring surveys in Region II have been carried out in 1996, 2000, 2003 and 2006. The survey in 2009 included in total 18 fields: Rev, Varg, Sigyn, Sleipner Vest, Sleipner Oest, Sleipner Alfa Nord, Glitne, Grane, Balder, Ringhorne, Jotun, Vale, Skirne, Byggve, Heimdal, Volve, Vilje og Alvheim. Sampling was conducted from the vessel MV Libas between May 18 and May 27. Samples were collected from in totally 137 sampling sites, of which 15 were regional sampling sites. Samples for chemical analysis were collected at all sites, whereas samples for benthos analysis were collected at 12 fields. As in previous surveys, Region II is divided into natural sub-regions. One sub-region is shallow (77-96 m) sub-region, a central sub-region (107-130 m) and a northern subregion (115-119 m). The sediments of the shallow sub-region had relatively lower content of TOM and pelite and higher content of fine sand than the central and northern sub-regions. Calculated areas of contamination are shown for the sub-regions in Table 1.1. The fields Sigyn, Sleipner Alfa Nord, Glitne, Grane, Balder, Ringhorne, Jotun, Skirne, Byggve, Vilje og Alvheim showed no contamination of THC. At the other fields there were minor changes from 2006. The concentrations of barium increased in the central sub-region from 2006 to 2009, also at fields where no drilling had been undertaken during the last years. The same laboratory and methods are used during the three last regional investigations. The changes in barium concentrations may be due to high variability of barium concentrations in the sediments. This is supported by relatively large variations in average barium concentrations at the regional sampling sites in

  19. Environmental monitoring survey of oil and gas fields in Region II in 2009. Summary report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-03-15

    The oil companies Statoil ASA, ExxonMobil Exploration and Production Norway AS, Total E&P Norge AS, Talisman Energy Norge AS and Marathon Petroleum Norge AS commissioned Section of Applied Environmental Research at UNI RESEARCH AS to undertake the monitoring survey of Region II in 2009. Similar monitoring surveys in Region II have been carried out in 1996, 2000, 2003 and 2006. The survey in 2009 included in total 18 fields: Rev, Varg, Sigyn, Sleipner Vest, Sleipner OEst, Sleipner Alfa Nord, Glitne, Grane, Balder, Ringhorne, Jotun, Vale, Skirne, Byggve, Heimdal, Volve, Vilje og Alvheim. Sampling was conducted from the vessel MV Libas between May 18 and May 27. Samples were collected from in totally 137 sampling sites, of which 15 were regional sampling sites. Samples for chemical analysis were collected at all sites, whereas samples for benthos analysis were collected at 12 fields. As in previous surveys, Region II is divided into natural sub-regions. One sub-region is shallow (77-96 m) sub-region, a central sub-region (107-130 m) and a northern subregion (115-119 m). The sediments of the shallow sub-region had relatively lower content of TOM and pelite and higher content of fine sand than the central and northern sub-regions. Calculated areas of contamination are shown for the sub-regions in Table 1.1. The fields Sigyn, Sleipner Alfa Nord, Glitne, Grane, Balder, Ringhorne, Jotun, Skirne, Byggve, Vilje og Alvheim showed no contamination of THC. At the other fields there were minor changes from 2006. The concentrations of barium increased in the central sub-region from 2006 to 2009, also at fields where no drilling had been undertaken during the last years. The same laboratory and methods are used during the three last regional investigations. The changes in barium concentrations may be due to high variability of barium concentrations in the sediments. This is supported by relatively large variations in average barium concentrations at the regional sampling sites in

  20. Eesti-Leedu sõpruskohtumised / Maarin Ektermann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ektermann, Maarin

    2007-01-01

    Noorte maalikunstnike ühisnäitused "Shoot or Shout - No Escape" Vilniuse Art's Printing House'is 19. X-3. XI 2006 (lisaks kodus maalitud töödele maalisid Aivar Reisner, Sirli Hein ja Rait Rosin remake'e leedu kunstnike töödest) ja "Fresh Paint" Vaal-galeriis 29. III-17. IV. Paaride Triinu Lill ja Agne Jonkute, Sirli Hein ja Sandra Lukoshevichiute, Agne Kulbyte ja Merike Estna ning Rait Rosina, Konstantinas Gaitanzhi ja Elis Saarevälja töödest

  1. Aasta keeleteoks tunnistati "Lapse keelelist arengut toetavad mängud" / Mari Klein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Klein, Mari, 1979-

    2014-01-01

    Emakeelepäeval toimus Kuressaares Saaremaa Ühisgümnaasiumis 2013. aasta parima keeleteo konkursi lõpuüritus, kus tunnustati võitjaid. Peaauhinna võitsid Tallinna Ülikooli eesti keele professor Reili Argus ja Rocca al Mare Kooli eelkooliõpetaja Cattre Hein veebimänguga "Lapse keelelist arengut toetavad mängud"

  2. Keeleauhinnad 2014 / Jüri Valge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valge, Jüri, 1948-

    2014-01-01

    Keeleteo auhinna vääriliseks tunnistati Tallinna ülikooli ja Rocca al Mare kooli koostöös valminud "Lapse keelelist arengut toetavad mängud", mille autorid on Reili Argus ja Cattre Hein. Wiedemanni auhinna sai rahvaluuleteadlane Arvo Krikmann saavutuste eest eesti keele uurimises, õpetamises, kasutamises ja propageerimises. Ka nominentidest

  3. Desertification in the Sahel: a reinterpretation of a reinterpretation

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Prince, SD

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available In semiarid regions the ratio of annual net primary production to precipitation, rain-use efficiency (RUE), has been used as an index of desertification. In a recent publication (Hein & de Ridder, 2006) it was proposed that an incorrect...

  4. Simulator Sickness During Emergency Procedures Training in a Helicopter Simulator: Age, Flight Experience, and Amount Learned

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-01

    drivers are more susceptible than male drivers" (Hein, p. 610). Age. Walt Disney World’s "Mission: Space" thrill ride left some older riders gulping...to the state... Last December, Disney began placing barf bags in the ride... (Schneider, 2004, p. B2) Reviewers have reported that susceptibility to SS

  5. Ogbu et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10(5):325 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    likely the fastest growing metabolic disease (Ugochukwu and Babady, 2003; ... global rise in diabetes-related mortality, although several drugs for diabetes ... et al., 2002; Rayner et al., 2001). ..... The rapid spread of type 2 diabetes mellitus is a growing burden on healthcare worldwide (Heine et al., ..... projections for 2030.

  6. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ajtcam.v10i3.3

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    Oliv and Hein, locally referred to as bush bitter leave in Amassoma kingdom in the southern ... Plant material. Guternbergia nigritana leaves were collected in the month of November, 2010 in Amassoma and authenticated by. Mr B. D. Musa of Herbarium section Department of Biological Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, ...

  7. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hein, Liesel. Vol 33, No 2 (2016) - Articles Vegetation dynamics after experimental fire disturbance in the arid Succulent Karoo, South Africa Abstract. ISSN: 1727-9380. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and ...

  8. For Your Bookshelf.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Rebecca

    2002-01-01

    Reviews notable education books of 2001: "Not in Front of the Children" (Marjorie Heins); "The other Boston Busing Story" (Susan E. Eaton); "Another Planet" (Elinor Burkett); "Parents Under Siege" (James Garbarino and Claire Bedard); "Radical Equations" (Robert P. Moses and Charles E. Cobb, Jr.); "School" (Sheila Curran Bernard and Sarah Mondale);…

  9. En ansats til en teori om Situationel Dialektisk Ledelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dakwar, Julia Rytter; Lorentzen, Anne-Christine Rosfeldt; Smedegaard, Flemming

    2015-01-01

    typer af organisations-medlemmer, bl.a. Helle Heins arketypeteori, Thomas Højrups livsformsteori og Helle Petersens cen-lok teori om forandringskommunikation. I en ramme af et dialektisk mindset samles tankerne i artiklens afsluttende afsnit, hvor der skitseres en række krav, som ledelse og ledere i...

  10. Välinäituse stendid = Outdoor exhibition stands / Gert Sarv, Galina Burnakova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarv, Gert, 1971-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2012. aasta parima eseme preemia pälvinud välinäituse stendidest Vanasadama Admiraliteedi basseini kaldapealsel. Autorid: Gert Sarv, Galina Burnakova, Loreida Hein. Sisearhitekti ja ESLi aastapreemiate žürii liikme Tea Tammelaane arvamus

  11. Learning Experiences in Museums: Harnessing Dewey's Ideas on Continuity and Interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winstanley, Carrie

    2018-01-01

    Museum and gallery educators have become increasingly adept at creating environments that foster constructivist thinking, invite interaction and encourage activity. Leading museum educator, Hein, for example, directly attributes Dewey's influence, describing his ideas about experiences, as a 'crucial lesson for museum educators: engagement with…

  12. Religionssatirens fødsel ud af grådighedskritikkens ånd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brink, Dennis Meyhoff

    2014-01-01

    medregnes til den karnevalistiske tradition, som Mikhail Bakhtin har gjort berømt. Den udgør i stedet en selvstændig tradition, som er blevet videreført og videreudviklet af bl.a. Erasmus af Rotterdam, Jonathan Swift, Denis Diderot, Francois Voltaire, Heinrich Heine og mange flere....

  13. Physics Based Modeling in Design and Development for U.S. Defense Held in Denver, Colorado on November 14-17, 2011. Volume 2: Audio and Movie Files

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-17

    Mr. Frank Salvatore, High Performance Technologies FIXED AND ROTARY WING AIRCRAFT 13274 - “CREATE-AV DaVinci : Model-Based Engineering for Systems... Tools for Reliability Improvement and Addressing Modularity Issues in Evaluation and Physical Testing”, Dr. Richard Heine, Army Materiel Systems

  14. Publikuarmastus hotellitubades / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2011-01-01

    NU Performance Festival IV: Külalislahkusest / On Hospitality Tallinnas Viru hotellis 7.-10.11. 2011, kuraatorid Silke Bake ja Peter Stamer (Saksamaa). Heine Røsdal Avdali ja Yukiko Shinozaki lavastusest "Field Works - hotel". Kümne riigi kunstniku etendatavast performance'ist "The Love Piece"

  15. MarkIT büroo = Offices of MarkIT

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Tallinnas Pärnu mnt. 102C asuvas büroohoones paikneva MarkIT büroo sisekujundusest. Sisearhitektid Kard Männil (SAB Miu Miu Miu) ja Loreida Hein (Studio La), nende tähtsamate tööde loetelu. Valge büroomööbel on sisearhitektide projekteeritud. Graafika on sisearhitektid ise joonistanud

  16. Kiltsi mõisa peahoone ja tiibhoonete restaureerimine = Restoration of the main building and wing buildings of Kiltsi manor / Nele Rohtla ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rohtla, Nele

    2012-01-01

    Restaureerimisarhitekt ja sisekujundaja Nele Rohtla (Mõisaprojekt), kes pälvis EK arhitektuuri sihtkapitali 2011. a. restaureerimispreemia mõisahoone kirjut ajalugu, ehituskihistusi ja tänapäevase koolimaja vajadusi ühendava restaureerimistöö eest. Ajaloolane Ants Hein. Konstruktor Virgo Eiche

  17. Growth and activity of Sceloporus cowlesi (southwestern fence lizard)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heather L. Bateman; Alice Chung-MacCoubrey

    2012-01-01

    Lizards from the Sceloporus undulatus complex have been the subject of many studies on lizard ecology (Hager 2001; Rosenblum 2006; Rosenblum et al. 2007), behavior (Hein and Whitaker 1997; Robertson and Rosenblum 2009), and reproduction (Vinegar 1975; Robertson and Rosenblum 2010). However, genetic data (Leache and Reeder 2002) support reallocation of the subspecies of...

  18. Bonnie & Clyde versus Lonni ja Kard / Kard Männil, Loreida Heih ; intervjueerinud Pille Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Männil, Kard, 1980-

    2012-01-01

    Sisearhitektid Loreida Hein (Stuudio La) ja Kard Männil (Miu miu miu OÜ) endast, oma loomingust: ruumikujundustest, seinagraafikast, koos Timo Subbiga loodud uudse moodulmööbli süsteemist "Out of Box". Loetletud sisearhitektide ühiselt ja eraldi tehtud töid

  19. 26. V võõrustas Läti suursaadik Edgars Skuja Tallinnas Tõnismäel Liivimaa aja- ja kultuuriloo huvilist üldsust... / Aili Künstler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künstler, Aili

    2005-01-01

    Antakse välja Riias tegutsenud baltisaksa kultuuriloolase Johann Christoph Brotze (1742-1823) siinset arhitektuuri, eluolu, inimtüüpe, maastikku, linnavaateid jms. kujutava materjaliga köide. J. Chr. Brotze joonistuste hulgast teevad valiku ja tema saksakeelset teksti kommenteerivad peatoimetaja Raimo Pullat, Ivar Leimus, Ants Hein, Ants Viires, Lauri Suurmaa ja Tõnis Liibek

  20. Creating Places Through the Arts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Line Marie Bruun

    2010-01-01

    This essay focuses on the exhibition of Jeppe Hein´s Modified Social Benches in public spaces in Aarhus. Primarily, I consider the question of whether relational aesthetics can contribute to the development of new urban-aesthetic experiences and can they add new dimensions to placemaking?...

  1. Kuhu investeerida ettevõtte müügiga teenitud raha? / Peeter Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raidla, Peeter, 1955-

    2008-01-01

    Investor Rain Lõhmus ning ärimehed Elmut Paavel ja Raivo Hein räägivad oma põhimõtetest ja kogemustest ettevõtete müügist laekunud raha paigutamisel. Lisa: Valik viimaste aastate suurtehinguid. Vt. samas: Intervjuu Ambient Sound Investments tegevjuhi Tauno Tatsiga. Skype'i mehed jätkavad innovatiivselt

  2. Brotze väljaande filoloogilisi probleeme / Mati Hint

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hint, Mati

    2007-01-01

    Rets. rmt. : Johann Christoph Brotze. Estonica. Koostanud / Herausgegeben von Ants Hein, Ivar Leimus, Raimo Pullat, Ants Viires. Projektijuht ja vastutav toimetaja : Raimo Pullat. tõlge eesti keelde: Tõnis Liibek, Ivar Leimus, tõlge saksa keelde: Aigi Heero, Ene Rõngelep. Kujundus: Andres Tali. Tallinn : Estopol OÜ, 2006. XXXVI, 619 lk. Teoses esinevaid keele- ja kohanimeprobleeme

  3. [Refusal of food and fluids of a psychiatric patient in order to hasten death: obstacles for patient, family and care-team].

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koopmans, R.T.C.M.; Dekkers, W.J.M.

    2012-01-01

    In this case-report we present a patient with a psychiatric history of a chronic depressive disorder. After a period of several years of ambivalence, he decided to refuse nutrition and hydration because he--in the words of the Royal Dutch Medical Association--was "suffering from life". There was no

  4. Kolmnurgad vanalinna foonil / Anneliis Aunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunapuu, Anneliis

    2011-01-01

    Arhitektuuribüroos Kosmos projekteeritud äripindadega kortermajast Tallinna vanalinnas Vana-Viru ja Aia tänava nurgal. Ühiskondlikud siseruumid kujundas Ivi-Els Schneider, ühe korteri Aivar Mühlbach, Lounge Butterfly Loreida Hein

  5. On the multisummability of WKB solutions of certain singularly perturbed linear ordinary differential equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshitsugu Takei

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Using two concrete examples, we discuss the multisummability of WKB solutions of singularly perturbed linear ordinary differential equations. Integral representations of solutions and a criterion for the multisummability based on the Cauchy-Heine transform play an important role in the proof.

  6. 78 FR 65643 - Environmental Impact Statements; Notice of Availability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    ..., Tiering FEIS--U.S. Coast Guard Rulemaking for Dry Cargo Residue Discharges in the Great Lakes, Review... Management Plan, Port of Morehead City, Comment Period Ends: 12/16/2013, Contact: Hugh Heine 910-251-4070... Port of Entry Improvements Project, Comment Period Ends: 11/29/2013, Contact: Osmahn Kadri 415-522-3617...

  7. Hudozhnik i jego dom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Näituse "Kunstnik ja tema kodu. C. T. von Neffi kunstikogu Piira ja Muuga mõisast" raames Väliskunsti Muuseumis toimunud konverentsi "19. sajandi keskpaiga kunstiruum" ettekannetest. Esinesid Jevgenia Kiritshenko, Juri Gudõmenko, Ants Hein, Kadi Polli, Veronika Bogdan, Ingrida Raudsepa, Tiina Abel

  8. Täna toimub Kadrioru lossis väliskunsti muuseumis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Näituse "Kunstnik ja tema kodu. C. T. von Neffi kunstikogu Piira ja Muuga mõisast" raames toimuva ettekannete päeva "19. sajandi keskpaiga kunstiruum" kava. Esinevad Jevgenia Kiritshenko, Juri Gudõmenko, Ants Hein, Kadi Polli, Veronika Bogdan, Ingrida Raudsepa, Tiina Abel

  9. Book Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Chemical Education, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Reviews two textbooks: "Principles of Biochemistry" by Albert L. Lehninger and "Inorganic Chemistry, A Modern Introduction" by Therald Moeller. Also reviews text, study guide, and laboratory manual for Morris Hein's "Foundations of College Chemistry, Fifth Edition" and text/study guide for David A. Ucko's "Basics for Chemistry." (JN)

  10. Quenching of Emission and of Photochemistry for Aqueous Rh(NH3)5Cl(2+).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-04-01

    Hueneme, CalifornIa 93041 Attn: Dr. R. 3. Marcus 1 Attn: Mr. W. S. Haynes ONR Branch Offi ce Professor 0. Hein7 760 Market Street , Rm. 447...Peebles 1 WashI ngton, D.C. 20380 Directo r, Naval Research Laboratory Offi ce of Naval Researc hWashington, D.C. 20390 Arlington, VIrginia 22217

  11. Saving energy via high-efficiency fans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heine, Thomas

    2016-08-01

    Thomas Heine, sales and market manager for EC Upgrades, the retrofit arm of global provider of air movement solutions, ebm-papst A&NZ, discusses the retrofitting of high-efficiency fans to existing HVAC equipment to 'drastically reduce energy consumption'.

  12. Assessment of Hearing Impaired Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hicks, Doin E., Ed.; And Others

    1980-01-01

    The issue of Directions contains 11 articles on assessment of hearing impaired individuals. Entries have the following titles and authors: "Classroom Assessment Techniques for Hearing Impaired Students--A Literature Review" (B. McKee, M. Hausknecht); "Informal Assessment of Hearing Impaired Students In the Classroom" (B. Culhane, R. Hein);…

  13. Sewage Treatment Plants: Standards of Performance for New Stationary Sources 1977 Final Rule (42 FR 58520)

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document includes a copy of the Federal Register publication of the November 10, 1977 Final Rule for the Standards of Performance of New Stationary Sources for 40 CFR 60 Subparts O. This document is provided curtesy of HeinOnline.

  14. Florae Malesianae Praecursores LX. The Oleaceae of Malesia. II. The genus Olea

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kiew, Ruth

    1979-01-01

    Olea comprises six species in Malesia: two from Malaya. O. brachiata (Lour.) Merrill (formerly O. maritima Wall. ex G. Don) and O. dentata Wall. ex G. Don (formerly O. penangiana Ridley); two from Borneo, O. borneensis Boerl. and O. decussata (Heine) Kiew and two from Java, O. javanica (Bl.) Knobl.

  15. Macrophage Function in Early Dissemination and Dormancy of Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-09-01

    Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 4Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Heinrich Heine University, Duesseldorf...insight into the understanding of the natural history of metastatic disease by discovering that MTMs propel early dissemination and that combined

  16. Short CommuniCationS, noteS and reportS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lappet-faced Vultures with white feathers hein van Grouw. Curator, Bird Group, Dept. of Zoology, The Natural History Museum, Akeman Street,. Tring, Herts, HP23 6AP, UK. e-mail: h.van-grouw@nhm.ac.uk. Two different Lappet-faced Vultures Torgos tracheliotos with remarkable white feathers over their bodies are seen.

  17. Die invloed van herbivorie en vuur op die oorlewing van sekere meerjarige kruide langs die Sabierivier, Kruger Nasionale Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Myburgh

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Die groot vloede wat in die jaar 2000 in die Kruger Nasionale Park plaasgevind het, het dierivieroewerplantegroei versteur. Dit het die geleentheid gebied om heinings op te rig langsdie Sabierivier om herbivore uit sekere gebiede uit te sluit en sodoende die herstel van die rivieroewerekosisteme te monitor.

  18. A Spatial Expansion of a Pocket Size Homeland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Cecilie Speggers Schrøder

    2016-01-01

    was established in Heine’s texts and how this space intellectually and emotionally came to signify home for modern Jewish readers. It presents a new perspective on the spaces of Heine’s early works by focusing on what was particularly Jewish about these spaces. Heine’s establishment of a Jewish cultural space...... began with a journey to Eastern Europe. In Polish villages Heine found the inspiration for a Jewish cultural landscape that he would describe in a romantically idealized way in ÜberPolen and Der Rabbi von Bacherach, attaching positive values to Jewish traditional lifestyle and incorporating scriptural...... references of the kind that made traditional Jewish life accessible to assimilated Jews and non-Jews alike. Heine took his readers into Jewish spaces such as a Jewish home, synagogue, and street. He gave the Jewish readers a sense of togetherness, of belonging to a Jewish space that was available through...

  19. China’s Rise in South America: The Partner of Choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-03-01

    Review and Analysis (Reading: Paths International, 2012), 98. 3 America’s raw materials and energy markets. Andrew Cooper and Jorge Heine claim that...nuclear facilities, and railroad upgrades, $1.8 billion is earmarked for the construction of natural gas pipelines , another $1.15 billion will be...Unfortunately, both countries rely heavily on raw material exports and need to ensure that manufacturing and technology-based jobs are not lost in the process

  20. Teaching Strategy: Challenge and Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    David A. Kolb , Experiential Learning : Experience as the Source of Learning and Development, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1984. 30. For “messes...2004, pp. 24-26. 17. George E. Hein, “Constructivist Learning Theory ,” Institute for Inquiry, 2007, available from www.exploratorium-edu/ ifi...appraisal models to assist students in the learning process. In addition, Figure 3. … a theory … based largely on an expanded synthesis of what

  1. Artishoki aastanäitus "XXX" / Liisa Kaljula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaljula, Liisa

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna Linnagaleriis 10.-19. VII avatud Maarin Ektermanni ja Margus Tamme kureeritud näitusel osalesid kriitikutest Indrek Grigor, Kati Ilves, Margus Kiis, Elnara Taidre, Anneli Porri, Ave Randviir, Maria-Kristiina Soomre, Andreas Trossek, Karolina Labowicz-Dymanus (Varssavi) ja Isin Önol ((Istanbul), kunstnikest Tanja Muravskaja, Liisi Eelmaa, Noolegrupp, Cnopt, Billeneeve, Mihkel Kleis, Sirli Hein, Maris Palgi, Minna Hint ja Jaanus Samma. Toimus 10 ühepäevast näitust, esitati 100 kunstikriitilist teksti

  2. Ostrčilovy rané písně na německé texty (1898-1899)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kratochvílová, Markéta

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 5, č. 1 (2016), s. 1-13 ISSN 1803-7747 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GP14-35842P Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Ostrčil, Otakar * Czech music * 19th –20th century * German songs * Johann Wolfgang Goethe * Friedrich Schiller * Heinrich Heine * Heidenröslein * Gefunden * Amalia * Die Nacht ist feucht und stürmisch Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  3. Reportaaž välitöödelt / Hanno Soans

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soans, Hanno, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    NU Performance Festival IV: Külalislahkusest / On Hospitality Tallinnas Viru hotellis 7.-10.11. 2011, kuraatorid Silke Bake ja Peter Stamer (Saksamaa). Lähemalt rühmituse deepblue (Heine Rødal Avdal, Yukiko Shinozaki) etendusest "Field Works - hotel", grupi toxic dreams (Yosi Wanunu, Michael Strohmann) õhtusöök-performance'ist, 10 kunstniku etendusest "The Love Piece", kanadalaste trupi PME-ART-i etendusest "Külalislahkus 3: individualism oli viga"

  4. Lossi kõrval loss, kõigil ümber park / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Barokkstiilis Fredensborgi lossist ja pargist (1719, autor J. C. Krieger, parki arendas 1760-ndatel edasi N.-H. Jardin, talupojakujud tegi J. G. Grund) Själlandi saarel, renessanss-stiilis Frederiksborgi lossist (1500-1600) ja pargist (barokkstiilis osa rekonstrueeriti 1996. aastaks J. C. Kriegeri 1725. a. tehtud plaani järgi) Hillerodis ning Egeskovi lossist (1554) ja pargist (bambuslabürint, 1990, kunstnik Piet Hein) Fyni saarel. "Maakodu" lugejareis. 14 värv. ill

  5. Läti sakslane Brotze ja Eesti ajalugu / Anne Untera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Untera, Anne, 1951-

    2006-01-01

    Näitus "Johann Christoph Brotze joonistusi ja käsikirju Eesti- ja Liivimaast Läti Akadeemilise Raamatukogu kogudest" Kuressaare lossis kuni 30. IV. Eesti ainestikuga eriköide Brotze pärandist valmib Eesti-Läti uurijate koostöös ja ilmub Tallinnas. Väljaande peatoimetaja on Raimo Pullat, alajaotuste toimetajad Ants Hein, Ivar Leimus, Ants Viires

  6. Eesti identiteedi kasv ja kasvatus 2006. aastal - Kumust Brotzeni / Mati Hint

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hint, Mati, 1937-

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikooli emeriitprofessori loetletud tippsündmused Eesti kunsti ja ajaloo valdkonnas 2006. a. - Kumu Kunstimuuseumi avamine, Kristjan ja Paul Raua näitus Kumus ning Riias tegutsenud baltisaksa kultuuriloolase Johann Christoph Brotze joonistuste kogumiku "Johann Christoph Brotze. Estonica." Koostanud Ants Hein, Ivar Leimus, Raimo Pullat, Ants Viires. Estopol OÜ 2006, ilmumine Tallinnas, peatoimetaja Raimo Pullat. Pikemalt eesti nüüdisaegsest kunstist Kumus ja rahvuslikust identiteedist

  7. President Rüütel valis võimsa Audi / Antti Oolo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oolo, Antti, 1967-

    2002-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütli uus ametiauto on Audi A8 4,2 Lang Quattro Automat. Uue ametiauto rentimiseks loodud komisjoni kuulusid presidendi kantselei haldusdirektor Andres Suurkuusk, direktori nõunik Katrin Laaniste ja presidendi ihukaitse ülem Aivar Ridamäe. Arvamust avaldavad Ester Šank, Andres Hein, Üllar Born. Tabel: tehnilised andmed. Vt. samas: Presidendi kantselei autopark uueneb

  8. Study on Quality Aggregate Construction Powder

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Myat Ko; Kyaw Naing; Thazin Lwin; Khin Mar Tun

    2008-03-01

    This research work deals with a view to promote cement replacement materials i-e aggregate construction powder, also known as building powder or construction powder . It has been used as lime substituent in construction work in Myanmar since 1990's. It is mixed with other construction materials such as cement, sand, etc. and used in plastering, tiling, arranging bricks and smoothing the face of the buildings.This work also deals with some aspects in physical properties of four different aggregate construction powder samples such as Moe Hein, Man Thiri, Shwe Taung and Kyauk Sue. In addition, these four different samples were characterized by using spectroscopic methods such as ED-XRF, AAS, FT-IR and XRD. In support of the finding by the analytical assays of Moe Hein aggregate construction powder, it indicated the percent composition of the presence of SiO2 12.13%, Al2O3 7.40%, Fe2O3 0.94%, CaO 41.00%,MgO 1.50% total sulphur 1.15%, chloride 1.49%, carbonate 43.63% and sulphate 3.44%. The analytical assays of Sin Min cement, Kyant cement, brick powder and pozzolan were also carried out in this research work. The mixing between various ratios of Moe Hein and Kyant cement as well as Sin Min II cement were done and their mechanical strengths such as setting time, tensile strength and compressive strength of each sample were studied. The quality of mixing ratio 50:50 of Moe Hein and Kyant cement was found to be comparable to the ASTM standard type II Protland cement which is for general use.

  9. 25 Jahre - Institut fuer Geodaesie, Teil 3: Aus dem Leben des Instituts (25 Years - Institute of Geodesy, Part 3: The Life of the Institute)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    Welsch SCHRIFTENREIHE UNIVERSITAT DER BUNDESWEHR MONCHEN 20080707 028 A %°(w Der Druck dieses Heftes wurde aus Haushaltsmitteln der Universitdt der...Verwendung hi prliziser Ephemeriden. Espe Das Ergebnis der Be- Sali ferr ktal echnungen waren 3d - @ Koordinaten sowie geo- s1fr graphische Koordinaten...1982, Aalborg Un- B. Eissfeller, G. W. Hein: A Contribution to 3d - versity Centre, Denmark. 431 S. Operational Geodesy. Part 4: The Observation Heft 8

  10. Arhitektuuriaasta 2007 = The year 2007 in architecture / Liina Jänes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänes, Liina, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2007. a. arhitektuuri valdkonna peapreemia pälvis Vello Asi. Arhitektuuri sihtkapital: tegevuspremia - Kalle Komissarov, arhitektuuripreemia - Kalle Vellevoog (pansionaat Pärnus Seedri t. 4), arhitektuuri- ja sisearhitektuuri preemia - Lembit-Kaur Stöör, Tõnis Kimmel, Raili Paling ja Liis Lindvere (Tallinna sünagoog), restaureerimispreemia - Aivar Roosaar (Tartu Athena kino ja konverentsikeskus), uurimistöö preemia - Silja Konsa, Urve Sinijärv, Olev Abner, Kersti Lootus, Ants Hein (teatmeteos "Eesti pargid. 1")

  11. Fatigue Solutions for Maintenance: From Science to Workplace Reality

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    John Hall IAMAW Jim Hein AWP-204 William (Bill) Johnson AIR-100 Charles (Bob) Kelley AJW-341 Daniel Mollicone Pulsar Informatics, Inc. Thomas...That Fit Industry. Dr. Daniel Mollicone, President and Chief Executive Officer for Pulsar Informatics, Inc., presented research on the use of...public events, numer- ous other occurrences avoid discovery . This is true in hospitals, nuclear power plants, transportation, security, and most other

  12. Facts 2000. The Norwegian Petroleum Sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-02-01

    Petroleum production on the Norwegian continental shelf (NCS) in the North Sea, the Norwegian Sea and the Barents Sea totalled 2.7 bn scm oil equivalents (oe) up to 1998. Per December 1999, remaining reserves totalled 1.5 bn scm of oil, 1.2 bn scm oe gas and 0.2 bn scm oe of NGL/condensate. Twenty-eight exploration wells were completed or temporarily abandoned on the NCS in 1999. By 31 December 1999, 967 exploration wells had been completed or temporarily abandoned off Norway. Discoveries totalled 45-60 mill scm of oil and 45-70 bn scm of gas. Governmental approval was given in 1999 for the Tune, Borg and Sygna developments. Investment in exploration, field development and pipeline transport totalled about NOK 67 bn in 1998. Oil and gas production in 1999 was roughly on the par with 1998, while NGL/condensate sales rose by 19 per cent. The Balder, Gullfaks South, Jotun, Oseberg East, Visund and Aasgard projects came on stream during 1999. It is estimated that, with the present production rate, Norway's remaining discovered oil resources will last for 17 years, and gas, 93 years. The estimated value of Norwegian petroleum export in 1999 was NOK 168 bn, which is about 36% of the country's total earnings from foreign sales. Published by the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, the book is a major source of information on the Norwegian offshore petroleum activities

  13. Facts 2000. The Norwegian Petroleum Sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-02-01

    Petroleum production on the Norwegian continental shelf (NCS) in the North Sea, the Norwegian Sea and the Barents Sea totalled 2.7 bn scm oil equivalents (oe) up to 1998. Per December 1999, remaining reserves totalled 1.5 bn scm of oil, 1.2 bn scm oe gas and 0.2 bn scm oe of NGL/condensate. Twenty-eight exploration wells were completed or temporarily abandoned on the NCS in 1999. By 31 December 1999, 967 exploration wells had been completed or temporarily abandoned off Norway. Discoveries totalled 45-60 mill scm of oil and 45-70 bn scm of gas. Governmental approval was given in 1999 for the Tune, Borg and Sygna developments. Investment in exploration, field development and pipeline transport totalled about NOK 67 bn in 1998. Oil and gas production in 1999 was roughly on the par with 1998, while NGL/condensate sales rose by 19 per cent. The Balder, Gullfaks South, Jotun, Oseberg East, Visund and Aasgard projects came on stream during 1999. It is estimated that, with the present production rate, Norway's remaining discovered oil resources will last for 17 years, and gas, 93 years. The estimated value of Norwegian petroleum export in 1999 was NOK 168 bn, which is about 36% of the country's total earnings from foreign sales. Published by the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, the book is a major source of information on the Norwegian offshore petroleum activities.

  14. Facts 2000. The Norwegian Petroleum Sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-02-01

    Petroleum production on the Norwegian continental shelf (NCS) in the North Sea, the Norwegian Sea and the Barents Sea totalled 2.7 bn scm oil equivalents (oe) up to 1998. Per December 1999, remaining reserves totalled 1.5 bn scm of oil, 1.2 bn scm oe gas and 0.2 bn scm oe of NGL/condensate. Twenty-eight exploration wells were completed or temporarily abandoned on the NCS in 1999. By 31 December 1999, 967 exploration wells had been completed or temporarily abandoned off Norway. Discoveries totalled 45-60 mill scm of oil and 45-70 bn scm of gas. Governmental approval was given in 1999 for the Tune, Borg and Sygna developments. Investment in exploration, field development and pipeline transport totalled about NOK 67 bn in 1998. Oil and gas production in 1999 was roughly on the par with 1998, while NGL/condensate sales rose by 19 per cent. The Balder, Gullfaks South, Jotun, Oseberg East, Visund and Aasgard projects came on stream during 1999. It is estimated that, with the present production rate, Norway's remaining discovered oil resources will last for 17 years, and gas, 93 years. The estimated value of Norwegian petroleum export in 1999 was NOK 168 bn, which is about 36% of the country's total earnings from foreign sales. Published by the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, the book is a major source of information on the Norwegian offshore petroleum activities.

  15. A proposal about the origin of the indo-european locative plural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth Shields

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the most significant recent developments in the field of historical lin­ guistics has been the identification of what Fox (1995: 194 calls '"laws' oflanguage development"-a methodology "for determining which changes are more likely than others, and ... criteria for determining the overall direction of linguistic change." This methodology is largely an aspect of what has come to be known as "grammati­ calization theory," which, according to Heine (2003: 575, is really "neither a theory of language nor of language change; its goal is to describe grammaticalization, that is, the way grammatical forms arise and develop through space and time, and to explain why they are structured the way they are." The process of grammaticalization "is hypothesized to be essentially unidirectional" (Heine 2003: 575 and therefore potentially "offers an explanatory account of how and why grammatical categories arise and develop" (Heine 2003: 578. Such explanation serves as "a potentially powerful adjunct to the methods of reconstruction, especially on an internal basis" (Fox 1995: 206, since it leads the historical linguist to principled conclusions about the structural sources of both attested and comparatively reconstructed morpho­ syntactic patterns. In this brief paper I wish to apply one such '"law' of language development" to account for the origin of the traditionally reconstructed Inda-European locative plural suffixes *-si (Gk. -si and *-su (Skt. -su, OCS -Xb (cf. Szemerényi 1996: 165. Like Fox (1995: 206, I acknowledge that the application of this methodology can be "speculative and controversial"; however, I offer my proposal as a reasonable possibility for developments within Indo-European

  16. Case series

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ebutamanya

    7 mai 2014 ... source lumineuse Heine HK 7000. La désinfection du matériel réutilisable s'est faite dans quatre bacs contenant respectivement un décontaminant (Cytéal®), de l'eau propre, du glutaraldéhyde. (Endosporine®, Stéranios® 2%) puis de l'eau propre. Résultats. Durant la période de notre étude, 645 patients ...

  17. Harnessing molecular excited states with Lanczos chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baroni, Stefano; Gebauer, Ralph; Bariş Malcioğlu, O.; Saad, Yousef; Umari, Paolo; Xian, Jiawei

    2010-02-01

    The recursion method of Haydock, Heine and Kelly is a powerful tool for calculating diagonal matrix elements of the resolvent of quantum-mechanical Hamiltonian operators by elegantly expressing them in terms of continued fractions. In this paper we extend the recursion method to off-diagonal matrix elements of general (possibly non-Hermitian) operators and apply it to the simulation of molecular optical absorption and photoemission spectra within time-dependent density-functional and many-body perturbation theories, respectively. This method is demonstrated with a couple of applications to the optical absorption and photoemission spectra of the caffeine molecule.

  18. Neogene oceanographic variations recorded in manganese nodules from the Somali Basin

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Banakar, V.K.; Nair, R.R.; Tarkian, M.; Haake, B.

    ), their application in interpreting the palaeoceanographic evolution of nodules has been relatively rare (see Segl et al., 1989; Mangini et al., 1990; Hein et al., 1992). In this paper we attempt to reconstruct the palaeocea- nographic history of a nodule from... the Somali Basin and correlate this history with the history inferred from the nearest DSDP Site. Material and methods The two manganese nodules studied here were collected using a free fall grab from a station (10D) located at 6°S and 52°E...

  19. African voices in the South African military training context: exploring the possible impact of national culture on African trainee’s achievement motivation

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Van Heerden, Adelai

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available & Kitayama, 1991). In pursuit of high self-esteem, they focus on information and engage in activities that allow them to affirm their innate and stable positive attributes (Heine et al., 2001). In fact, most people in the USA believe they are better than... competent soldiers who also understand influence techniques should be more effective communicators, which should increase the likelihood of mission success (Reference). The “more competent a Soldier is in understanding self and foe in terms of customs...

  20. Fundamentals of Aeronautical and Aerospace Medical Science,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-07-17

    1U J 81 C QIAO;* AKENOIAN. Y YUANFU UNLSSFE FTD-10CRS)T- ISO -O b uN I IEEE.III.n lll HEIn/ll/1111111MENMo the direct effect of overweightness on the...and shoulder system 2. Vertebra spring 3. Head 4. Chest and abdominal system 5. Pelvis 6. Leg (170) 200 ISO . 150 , *so / 2- 50 \\ ", 5. C .. 300 1 200...1190 - -l 3000 300 370, 710 1S00 t. 27000 ~ _ 2700 SI _ / ’ 1. Test object 2. Grey rabbit 3. Monkey (Ganges monkey) 4. Person (white) 5. Laser

  1. Harnessing molecular excited states with Lanczos chains

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baroni, Stefano; Baris Malcioglu, O; Xian Jiawei [SISSA-Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati, I-34151 Trieste (Italy); Gebauer, Ralph; Umari, Paolo [CNR DEMOCRITOS Theory-Elettra Group, c/o Sincrotrone Trieste, Area Science Park, I-34012 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy); Saad, Yousef [Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Minnesota, and Minnesota Supercomputing Institute, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)

    2010-02-24

    The recursion method of Haydock, Heine and Kelly is a powerful tool for calculating diagonal matrix elements of the resolvent of quantum-mechanical Hamiltonian operators by elegantly expressing them in terms of continued fractions. In this paper we extend the recursion method to off-diagonal matrix elements of general (possibly non-Hermitian) operators and apply it to the simulation of molecular optical absorption and photoemission spectra within time-dependent density-functional and many-body perturbation theories, respectively. This method is demonstrated with a couple of applications to the optical absorption and photoemission spectra of the caffeine molecule.

  2. Harnessing molecular excited states with Lanczos chains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baroni, Stefano; Gebauer, Ralph; Bariş Malcioğlu, O; Saad, Yousef; Umari, Paolo; Xian, Jiawei

    2010-02-24

    The recursion method of Haydock, Heine and Kelly is a powerful tool for calculating diagonal matrix elements of the resolvent of quantum-mechanical Hamiltonian operators by elegantly expressing them in terms of continued fractions. In this paper we extend the recursion method to off-diagonal matrix elements of general (possibly non-Hermitian) operators and apply it to the simulation of molecular optical absorption and photoemission spectra within time-dependent density-functional and many-body perturbation theories, respectively. This method is demonstrated with a couple of applications to the optical absorption and photoemission spectra of the caffeine molecule.

  3. Harnessing molecular excited states with Lanczos chains

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baroni, Stefano; Baris Malcioglu, O; Xian Jiawei; Gebauer, Ralph; Umari, Paolo; Saad, Yousef

    2010-01-01

    The recursion method of Haydock, Heine and Kelly is a powerful tool for calculating diagonal matrix elements of the resolvent of quantum-mechanical Hamiltonian operators by elegantly expressing them in terms of continued fractions. In this paper we extend the recursion method to off-diagonal matrix elements of general (possibly non-Hermitian) operators and apply it to the simulation of molecular optical absorption and photoemission spectra within time-dependent density-functional and many-body perturbation theories, respectively. This method is demonstrated with a couple of applications to the optical absorption and photoemission spectra of the caffeine molecule.

  4. Wide Band-Gap Semiconductors. 1991 Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-09-01

    ORIGIN OF POLYTYPES IN SiC AND ZnS 507 Volker Heine, C. Cheng, G.E. Engel, and R.I. Needs EPITAXIAL MONOCRYSTALLINE SiC FILMS GROWN ON Si BY LOW...carbon film component. INTRODUCTION One of the most challenging problems in diamond film research has been the growth of high quality, monocrystalline ...developing ZnS EL full color flat panel displays is that the insufficient intensity of blue light emission ( two orders of magnitude lower than that of red

  5. Application of 3D seismic techniques to evaluate ore resources in the West Wits Line goldfield and portions of the West Rand goldfield, South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Manzi, MSD

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available goldfield, derived from the depth-converted PSTM seismic section. Geochronological data and geology after Dan- kert and Hein (2010). WC164 Manzi et al. Downloaded 09 Sep 2012 to 41.132.206.56. Redistribution subject to SEG license or copyright; see Terms... Kirchhoff time migration to 1994 Leeudoorn data im- proved imaging of the VCR, faults, and stratigraphy when com- pared to the older poststack finite difference depth migration technique originally applied to the same data (Figures 3a?3d) Although PSTM...

  6. гений (Genius)[English text translated into Russian]. Traces the Romantic concept of genius on modern and contemporary art.

    OpenAIRE

    COULTER-SMITH, Graham

    2011-01-01

    This article traces the Romantic concept of genius through Young, Diderot, Goethe, Heine, Schopenhauer and Nietzsche through to its relationship to the Freudian unconscious and its relevance for art in the modern and postmodern periods. The romantic concept of genius is the foundation stone of the modern and postmodern concept of the ‘fineness’ of fine art. It is giant geniuses such as van Gogh and Picasso who serve to define fine art as a valid endeavour in the communal imagination. In this ...

  7. Spatial attention does improve temporal discrimination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chica, Ana B; Christie, John

    2009-02-01

    It has recently been stated that exogenous attention impairs temporal-resolution tasks (Hein, Rolke, & Ulrich, 2006; Rolke, Dinkelbach, Hein, & Ulrich, 2008; Yeshurun, 2004; Yeshurun & Levy, 2003). In comparisons of performance on spatially cued trials versus neutral cued trials, the results have suggested that spatial attention decreases temporal resolution. However, when performance on cued and uncued trials has been compared in order to equate for cue salience, typically speed-accuracy trade-offs (SATs) have been observed, making the interpretation of the results difficult. In the present experiments, we aimed at studying the effect of spatial attention in temporal resolution while using a procedure to control for SATs. We controlled reaction times (RTs) by constraining the time to respond, so that response decisions would be made within comparable time windows. The results revealed that when RT was controlled, performance was impaired for cued trials as compared with neutral trials, replicating previous findings. However, when cued and uncued trials were compared, performance was actually improved for cued trials as compared with uncued trials. These results suggest that SAT effects may have played an important role in the previous studies, because when they were controlled and measured, the results reversed, revealing that exogenous attention does improve performance on temporal-resolution tasks.

  8. Can elearning be used to teach palliative care? - medical students' acceptance, knowledge, and self-estimation of competence in palliative care after elearning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz-Quach, Christian; Wenzel-Meyburg, Ursula; Fetz, Katharina

    2018-04-27

    Undergraduate palliative care education (UPCE) was mandatorily incorporated in medical education in Germany in 2009. Implementation of the new cross-sectional examination subject of palliative care (QB13) continues to be a major challenge for medical schools. It is clear that there is a need among students for more UPCE. On the other hand, there is a lack of teaching resources and patient availabilities for the practical lessons. Digital media and elearning might be one solution to this problem. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the elearning course Palliative Care Basics, with regard to students' acceptance of this teaching method and their performance in the written examination on the topic of palliative care. In addition, students' self-estimation in competence in palliative care was assessed. To investigate students' acceptance of the elearning course Palliative Care Basics, we conducted a cross-sectional study that is appropriate for proof-of-concept evaluation. The sample consisted of three cohorts of medical students of Heinrich Heine University Dusseldorf (N = 670). The acceptance of the elearning approach was investigated by means of the standard evaluation of Heinrich Heine University. The effect of elearning on students' self-estimation in palliative care competencies was measured by means of the German revised version of the Program in Palliative Care Education and Practice Questionnaire (PCEP-GR). The elearning course Palliative Care Basics was well-received by medical students. The data yielded no significant effects of the elearning course on students' self-estimation in palliative care competencies. There was a trend of the elearning course having a positive effect on the mark in written exam. Elearning is a promising approach in UPCE and well-accepted by medical students. It may be able to increase students' knowledge in palliative care. However, it is likely that there are other approaches needed to change students' self

  9. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Michael Williams; Deforesting the earth; From prehistory to global crisis (Greg Bankoff Alexander Adelaar, Nikolaus P. Himmelmann (eds; The Austronesian languages of Asia and Madagascar (René van den Berg Wim Ravesteijn, Jan Kop (eds; Bouwen in de archipel; Burgerlijke Openbare Werken in Nederlands-Indië en Indonesië 1800-2000 (Freek Colombijn Susan Rodgers; Print, poetics, and politics; A Sumatran epic in the colonial Indies and New Order Indonesia (Bernhard Dahm Robert A. Scebold; Central Tagbanwa; a Philippine language on the brink of extinction; Sociolinguistics, grammar, and lexicon (Aone van Engelenhoven Adrian Vickers; Journeys of desire; A study of the Balinese text Malat (Amrit Gomperts B.J. Terwiel; Thailand’s political history; From the fall of Ayutthaya to recent times (Hans Hägerdal Robert van Niel; Java’s Northeast Coast 1740-1840; A study in colonial encroachment and dominance (Mason C. Hoadley Terence H. Hull (ed.; People, population, and policy in Indonesia (Santo Koesoebjono W.L. Korthals Altes; Tussen cultures en kredieten; Een institutionele geschiedenis van de Nederlandsch-Indische Handelsbank en Nationale Handelsbank, 1863-1964 (Koh Keng Weh William van der Heide; Malaysian cinema, Asian film; Border crossings and national cultures (Benjamin McKay Angela Romano; Politics and the press in Indonesia; Understanding an evolving political culture (Soe Tjen Marching Simon Harrison; Fracturing resemblances; Identity and mimetic conflict in Melanesia and the West (Toon van Meijl Daniel Fitzpatrick; Land claims in East Timor (Johanna van Reenen Susi Moeimam, Hein Steinhauer; Nederlands-Indonesisch Woordenboek (Stuart Robson Terance W. Bigalke; Tana Toraja: a social history of an Indonesian people (Dik Roth K. Alexander Adelaar (with the assistance of Pak Vitus Kaslem; Salako or Badameà; Sketch grammar, texts and lexicon of a Kanayatn dialect in West Borneo (Hein Steinhauer

  10. Diffusion in coronas around clinopyroxene: modelling with local equilibrium and steady state, and a non-steady-state modification to account for zoned actinolite-hornblende

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashworth, J. R.; Birdi, J. J.; Emmett, T. F.

    1992-01-01

    Retrograde coronas of Caledonian age, between clinopyroxene and plagioclase in the Jotun Nappe Complex, Norway, illustrate the effects of diffusion kinetics on mineral distributions among layers and on the compositions of hornblende-actinolite. One corona type comprises a symplectite of epidote + quartz adjacent to plagioclase, and a less well-organized intergrowth of amphibole + quartz replacing clinopyroxene. The observed mineral proportions imply an open-system reaction, but the similarity of Al/Si ratios in reactant plagioclase and product symplectite indicates approximate conservation of Al2O3 and SiO2. The largest inferred open-system flux is a loss of CaO, mostly derived from consumption of clinopyroxene. The approximate layer structure, Pl|Ep + Qtz|Hbl + Qtz|Act±Hbl + Qtz|Cpx, is modelled using the theory of steady-state diffusion-controlled growth with local equilibrium. To obtain a solution, it is necessary to use a reactant plagioclase composition which takes into account aluminous (epidote) inclusions. The results indicate that, in terms of Onsager diffusion coefficients L ii , Ca is more mobile than AL ( L CaCa/ L AlAl≳3.) (where ≳ means greater than or approximately equal to). This behaviour of Ca is comparable with that of Mg in previously studied coronas around olivine. Si is non-diffusing in the present modelling, because of silica saturation. Oxidation of some Fe2+ to Fe3+ occurs within the corona. Mg diffuses towards its source (clinopyroxene) to maintain local equilibrium. Other coronas consist of two layers, hornblende adjacent to plagioclase and zoned amphibole + quartz adjacent to clinopyroxene. In the zoned layer, actinolitic hornblende forms relict patches, separated from quartz blebs by more aluminous hornblende. A preliminary steady-state, local-equilibrium model of grain-boundary diffusion explains the formation of low-Al and high-Al layers as due to Al immobility. Zoning and replacement are qualitatively explained in terms of

  11. Liberals think more analytically (more "WEIRD") than conservatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Talhelm, Thomas; Haidt, Jonathan; Oishi, Shigehiro; Zhang, Xuemin; Miao, Felicity F; Chen, Shimin

    2015-02-01

    Henrich, Heine, and Norenzayan summarized cultural differences in psychology and argued that people from one particular culture are outliers: people from societies that are Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic (WEIRD). This study shows that liberals think WEIRDer than conservatives. In five studies with more than 5,000 participants, we found that liberals think more analytically (an element of WEIRD thought) than moderates and conservatives. Study 3 replicates this finding in the very different political culture of China, although it held only for people in more modernized urban centers. These results suggest that liberals and conservatives in the same country think as if they were from different cultures. Studies 4 to 5 show that briefly training people to think analytically causes them to form more liberal opinions, whereas training them to think holistically causes shifts to more conservative opinions. © 2014 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.

  12. Disturbances of the sarcoplasmic reticulum and transverse tubular system in 24-h electrostimulated fast-twitch skeletal muscle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frías, J A; Cadefau, J A; Prats, C

    2005-01-01

    Chronic low-frequency stimulation of rabbit tibialis anterior muscle over a 24-h period induces a conspicuous loss of isometric tension that is unrelated to muscle energy metabolism (J.A. Cadefau, J. Parra, R. Cusso, G. Heine, D. Pette, Responses of fatigable and fatigue-resistant fibres of rabbit...... muscle to low-frequency stimulation, Pflugers Arch. 424 (1993) 529-537). To assess the involvement of sarcoplasmic reticulum and transverse tubular system in this force impairment, we isolated microsomal fractions from stimulated and control (contralateral, unstimulated) muscles on discontinuous sucrose...... of muscles stimulated for 24 h underwent acute changes in the pattern of protein bands. First, light fractions from longitudinal sarcoplasmic reticulum, enriched in Ca2+-ATPase activity, R1 and R2, were greatly reduced (67% and 51%, respectively); this reduction was reflected in protein yield of crude...

  13. Theoretical and experimental studies of runaway electrons in the TEXTOR tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abdullaev, S.S.; Finken, K.H.; Wongrach, K.; Willi, O.

    2016-01-01

    Theoretical and experimental studies of runaway electrons in tokamaks and their mitigations, particularly the recent studies performed by a group of the Heinrich-Heine University Duesseldorf in collaboration with the Institute of Energy and Climate Research of the Research Centre (Forschungszentrum) of Juelich are reviewed. The main topics focus on (i) runaway generation mechanisms, (ii) runaway orbits in equilibrium plasma, (iii) transport in stochastic magnetic fields, (iv) diagnostics and investigations of transport of runaway electron and their losses in low density discharges (v) runaway electrons during plasma disruptions, and (vi) runaway mitigation methods. The development of runaway diagnostics enables the measurement of runaway electrons in both the centre and edge of the plasma. The diagnostics provide an absolute runaway energy resolved measurement, the radial decay length of runaway electrons and, the structure and dynamics of runaway electron beams. The new mechanism of runaway electron formation during plasma disruptions is discussed.

  14. Peer-Feedback-Aufgaben in der Übersetzerausbildung

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heine, Carmen

    . Peer Feedback Dialog mit TAPs und retrospektivem Interview oder Peer Feedback mit integriertem Selbstbeobachtungsprotokoll) für zukünftige, didaktische Feedbackansätze im Übersetzungsunterricht. Literatur Flanagan, M., & Heine, C. (2015). Peer-feedback as a Translation Training Tool in Web......-based Communication. Hermes, 54, 115-136. Lindgren, E., Sullivan, K., P. H., Deutschmann, M., & Steinvall, A. (2009). Supporting Learner Reflection in the Language Translation Class. International Journal of Information Communication Technologies and Human Development (IJICTHD), 1(3), 26-48. Wang, K., & Han, C. (2013......). Accomplishment in the multitude of counsellors: Peer feedback in translation training. Translation & Interpreting, 5(2), 62-75....

  15. Online imaging of initial DNA damages at the PTB microbeam

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Giesen, U.; Langner, F.; Mielke, C.; Mosconi, M.; Dirks, W. G.

    2011-01-01

    In an inter-disciplinary collaboration of Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), German Collection of Microorganisms and Cell Cultures (DSMZ) and Heinrich-Heine Univ., live-cell imaging has been established at the charged-particle microbeam facility of PTB. Candidate genes participating in DNA strand-break repair pathways such as PARP-1, MRE11, MSH2, MDC1 and p53BP1 have been modified to generate fluorescent fusion proteins. Using multi-cistronic expression vectors, stable genomic integration was achieved in HT-1080 fibroblasts. The aim of this study is to characterise and use these highly reliable cell lines for studying initial steps of DNA damage responses and kinetics of repair after microbeam irradiation with high- and low-linear energy transfer (LET) particles in living cells at physiological conditions. (authors)

  16. Development of an interdisciplinary model cluster for tidal water environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dietrich, Stephan; Winterscheid, Axel; Jens, Wyrwa; Hartmut, Hein; Birte, Hein; Stefan, Vollmer; Andreas, Schöl

    2013-04-01

    Global climate change has a high potential to influence both the persistence and the transport pathways of water masses and its constituents in tidal waters and estuaries. These processes are linked through dispersion processes, thus directly influencing the sediment and solid suspend matter budgets, and thus the river morphology. Furthermore, the hydrologic regime has an impact on the transport of nutrients, phytoplankton, suspended matter, and temperature that determine the oxygen content within water masses, which is a major parameter describing the water quality. This project aims at the implementation of a so-called (numerical) model cluster in tidal waters, which includes the model compartments hydrodynamics, morphology and ecology. For the implementation of this cluster it is required to continue with the integration of different models that work in a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. The model cluster is thus suggested to lead to a more precise knowledge of the feedback processes between the single interdisciplinary model compartments. In addition to field measurements this model cluster will provide a complementary scientific basis required to address a spectrum of research questions concerning the integral management of estuaries within the Federal Institute of Hydrology (BfG, Germany). This will in particular include aspects like sediment and water quality management as well as adaptation strategies to climate change. The core of the model cluster will consist of the 3D-hydrodynamic model Delft3D (Roelvink and van Banning, 1994), long-term hydrodynamics in the estuaries are simulated with the Hamburg Shelf Ocean Model HAMSOM (Backhaus, 1983; Hein et al., 2012). The simulation results will be compared with the unstructured grid based SELFE model (Zhang and Bapista, 2008). The additional coupling of the BfG-developed 1D-water quality model QSim (Kirchesch and Schöl, 1999; Hein et al., 2011) with the morphological/hydrodynamic models is an

  17. Theoretical and experimental studies of runaway electrons in the TEXTOR tokamak

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abdullaev, S.S.; Finken, K.H.; Wongrach, K.; Willi, O.

    2016-07-01

    Theoretical and experimental studies of runaway electrons in tokamaks and their mitigations, particularly the recent studies performed by a group of the Heinrich-Heine University Duesseldorf in collaboration with the Institute of Energy and Climate Research of the Research Centre (Forschungszentrum) of Juelich are reviewed. The main topics focus on (i) runaway generation mechanisms, (ii) runaway orbits in equilibrium plasma, (iii) transport in stochastic magnetic fields, (iv) diagnostics and investigations of transport of runaway electron and their losses in low density discharges (v) runaway electrons during plasma disruptions, and (vi) runaway mitigation methods. The development of runaway diagnostics enables the measurement of runaway electrons in both the centre and edge of the plasma. The diagnostics provide an absolute runaway energy resolved measurement, the radial decay length of runaway electrons and, the structure and dynamics of runaway electron beams. The new mechanism of runaway electron formation during plasma disruptions is discussed.

  18. Annotation of selection strengths in viral genomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McCauley, Stephen; de Groot, Saskia; Mailund, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    Motivation: Viral genomes tend to code in overlapping reading frames to maximize information content. This may result in atypical codon bias and particular evolutionary constraints. Due to the fast mutation rate of viruses, there is additional strong evidence for varying selection between intra......- and intergenomic regions. The presence of multiple coding regions complicates the concept of Ka/Ks ratio, and thus begs for an alternative approach when investigating selection strengths. Building on the paper by McCauley & Hein (2006), we develop a method for annotating a viral genome coding in overlapping...... may thus achieve an annotation both of coding regions as well as selection strengths, allowing us to investigate different selection patterns and hypotheses. Results: We illustrate our method by applying it to a multiple alignment of four HIV2 sequences, as well as four Hepatitis B sequences. We...

  19. Managing missing scores on the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Henrik Hein

    2009-01-01

    systematically dropped from each person’s raw scores and the standardized score was proportionally recalculated. This process was repeated until 6 questions had been dropped from each person’s questionnaire. ·         The error (absolute and percentage) introduced by each level of dropped question was calculated......MANAGING MISSING SCORES ON THE ROLAND MORRIS DISABILITY QUESTIONNAIRE  Peter Kenta and Henrik Hein Lauridsenb  aBack Research Centre and bInstitute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark Background There is no standard method to calculate Roland Morris...... Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) sum scores when one or more questions have not been answered. However, missing data are common on the RMDQ and the current options are: calculate a sum score regardless of unanswered questions, reject all data containing unanswered questions, or to impute scores. Other...

  20. La plausible impronta (política de diderot en kant*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto R. Aramayo

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Así como Hume despertó a Kant del sueño dogmático y Rousseau le descubrió el mundo moral, Diderot le habría hecho acceder al universo de la política. El último Kant podría estar muy influido, sin saberlo, por el Diderot que convirtió la Historia de las dos Indias en la "Biblia de las revoluciones", así como por el de la Enciclopedia. Se defiende la tesis de que todo el proyecto ilustrado tendría una índole radical, y conviene matizar la distinción entre Ilustración moderada e Ilustración radical, toda vez que los puntos en común parecen superar a las discrepancias. Spinoza y Heine podrían resultar útiles para enfatizar este parecer.

  1. Titania und ihr Meister. Epigonale Inszenierung und Habsburgischer Mythos in Elisabeth von Österreichs Lyrik[Titania and her Master. Epigonous Self-Presentation and Habsburg Myth in the Poetry of Elisabeth of Austria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clemens Götze

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This article offers an inventory of the rarely analyzed poetry of the mythical Austrian Empress and thereby shows the masterful self-presentation of a historically am­bivalent personality. Using selected poems, this article brings out Elizabeth’s appraisal of the contemporary court society, for which she often had only biting scorn. Her poetry reveals an almost religious veneration for Heinrich Heine and an almost subversive attitude towards the k.u.k. monarchy. It also illustrates Elizabeth’s literary strategy of dismantling a hated society, though its effect could also be interpreted to the contrary, i.e. as an unin­tended contribution of the opposition to the transfiguration of the Habsburg myth.

  2. The Problem of Humanism in M. Gorky’s Essay “A. A. Blok”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia N. Primochkina

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article examines one of the most important problems of Gorky’s work — a problem of humanism. It relates the history of creation of Gorky’s essay “A.A.Blok” (1923 to the author’s reflections about deformation of the old and the birth of the new humanism in post-revolutionary era. Gorky was one of the few Blok’s contemporaries who understood the poet’s concern about the collapse of the old humanism in the world torn by wars and revolutions. It was Gorky who listen- ing to Blok’s presentation “Heine in Russia” was so affected by it that proposed to devote a special seminar related to this theme in the department of the publishing house “World Literature.” This seminar prompted Blok to write his famous article, “The Collapse of Humanism” (1919.

  3. De Nederlandse economie tijdens de Tweede Wereldoorlog bekeken vanuit een Vlaams/Belgisch perspectief

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Buyst

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available H.A.M. Klemann, Nederland 1938-1948. Economie en samenleving in jaren van oorlog en bezettingThe Netherlands economy during World War II viewed from a Flemish/Belgian perspectiveHein Klemann’s book provides a general overview of the performance of the Dutch economy during World War II. It also deals with exploitation by the German war machine, production for the black market, price controls, and monetary and fiscal policies. The reconstructed macro-economic data, such as the evolution of real wages, is sometimes prone to serious methodological flaws. For other variables, such as agricultural production in 1945 and international trade, it is clear that more research is necessary to produce reliable indicators. Despite these critical remarks, Klemann’s book offers a valuable synthesis, and other countries, such as Belgium, can use it as a source of inspiration.

  4. A implementação de você no quadro pronominal do português brasileiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Morito MACHADO

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo analisa a implementação de “você” no quadro pronominal do Português brasileiro e sua consolidação como principal estratégia de referência à segunda pessoa do discurso ao longo do século XX. Para tanto, observa a utilização de diferentes estratégias de tratamento ao interlocutor em oito peças fluminenses desse período à luz do modelo teórico do Poder e Solidariedade (BROWN; GILMAN, 1960 e de teorias que discutem o fenômeno da gramaticalização (LEHMANN, 1985; HOPPER, 1991; BYBEE, 2003 e HEINE, 2003.

  5. A implementação de você no quadro pronominal do português brasileiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Morito MACHADO

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo analisa a implementação de “você” no quadro pronominal do Português brasileiro e sua consolidação como principal estratégia de referência à segunda pessoa do discurso ao longo do século XX. Para tanto, observa a utilização de diferentes estratégias de tratamento ao interlocutor em oito peças fluminenses desse período à luz do modelo teórico do Poder e Solidariedade (BROWN; GILMAN, 1960 e de teorias que discutem o fenômeno da gramaticalização (LEHMANN, 1985; HOPPER, 1991; BYBEE, 2003 e HEINE, 2003.

  6. Artificial feeding and nutritional status of semi-domesticated reindeer during winter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauri Nieminen

    1987-06-01

    Full Text Available Three feeding experiments were done during 1980-82 with semi-domesticated reindeer in captivity out of doors in Northern Finland. Calves and adult hinds were fed with lichens (Cladina spp., hay, dry molasses pulp and other feeds containing different amounts of proteins and other nutrients. The body weight, blood and faecal N were lowest in lichen fed groups. Slightly higher values were measured in groups fed with dry or ground hay, dry molasses pulp, oat bran and commercial feeds.Poron kunto talvella keimoruokinnalla.Abstract in Finnish / Yhteenveto: Vuosina 1980-82 tehtiin poroilla tarhaoloissa Pohjois-Suomessa kolme ruokintakoetta. Vasoja ja vaatimia ruokittiin jåkålållå (Cladina spp., heinållå, melassileikkeellå ja muilla rehuilla, joissa oli eri mååriå valkuaista ja muita ravintoaineita. Porojen elopaino, veriarvot ja ulosteen typpipitoisuus olivat alhaisimmat jåkålållå ruokitulla poroilla. Hieman karkeampia arvoja mitattiin muissa ryhmisså, joita ruokittiin, kuivalla tai jauhetulla heinållå, melassileikkeellå, kaurajauholla ja kaupallisilla rehuilla.Foring og næringsstatus hos finsk rein gjennom vinteren.Abstract in Norwegian / Sammendrag: Tre forsøk med foring av rein ble utført i årene 1980-82. Dyrene ble holdt utendørs i innhegning i Nord-Finland. Kalver og voksne simler ble gitt lav (Cladina spp., høy, tørket melasse-pulp og andre forsor-ter med forskjellig innhold av protein og andre næringsstoffer. Kroppsvekt, blod verdier og total-N-innhold i fæces var lavest i de lav-forede grupper. Litt høyere verdier ble målt i andre grupper som ble gitt vanlig eller malt høy, tørket melasse-pulp, havrekli og kommersielle forsorter.

  7. SOPROCARE - 450 nm wavelength detection tool for microbial plaque and gingival inflammation: a clinical study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rechmann, P.; Liou, Shasan W.; Rechmann, Beate M.; Featherstone, John D.

    2014-02-01

    Gingivitis due to microbial plaque and calculus can lead over time if left untreated to advanced periodontal disease with non-physiological pocket formation. Removal of microbial plaque in the gingivitis stage typically achieves gingival health. The SOPROCARE camera system emits blue light at 450 nm wavelength using three blue diodes. The 450 nm wavelength is located in the non-ionizing, visible spectral wavelength region and thus is not dangerous. It is assumed that using the SOPROCARE camera in perio-mode inflamed gingiva can easily be observed and inflammation can be scored due to fluorescence from porphyrins in blood. The assumption is also that illumination of microbial plaque with blue light induces fluorescence due to the bacteria and porphyrin content of the plaque and thus can help to make microbial plaque and calculus visible. Aim of the study with 55 subjects was to evaluate the ability of the SOPROCARE fluorescence camera system to detect, visualize and allow scoring of microbial plaque in comparison to the Turesky modification of the Quigley and Hein plaque index. A second goal was to detect and score gingival inflammation and correlated the findings to the Silness and Löe gingival inflammation index. The study showed that scoring of microbial plaque as well as gingival inflammation levels similar to the established Turesky modified Quigley Hein index and the Silness and Löe gingival inflammation index can easily be done using the SOPROCARE fluorescence system in periomode. Linear regression fits between the different clinical indices and SOPROCARE scores in fluorescence perio-mode revealed the system's capacity for effective discrimination between scores.

  8. On possible linguistic correlates to brain lateralization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Kouteva/Kuteva

    2014-04-01

    The present paper compares the two modes of processing proposed by Van Lancker Sidtis (2009 in her dual process model and the two domains of discourse organization distinguished in the framework of Discourse Grammar (Heine et al. 2013; Kaltenböck et al. 2011. These two frameworks were developed on different kinds of data. In the dual process model it is observations on patients with left or right hemisphere damage that marked the starting point of analysis. Central to the dual process model is the distinction between novel speech (or novel language, or newly created language, or propositional speech and formulaic speech (or formulaic expressions or automatic speech. Easily identified instances of formulaic speech are swear words, interjections, pause fillers, discourse elements, non-literal lexical meanings for idioms, proverbs. Unlike the dual process model, in the Discourse Grammar model it is linguistic discontinuities that provided the basis of analysis. Discourse grammar in this model is understood as all the linguistic resources that are available for constructing spoken and written (and signed texts. We argue that Discourse Grammar can be divided into two distinct domains, namely Sentence Grammar and Thetical Grammar. Whereas Sentence Grammar has been at the centre of interest in mainstream linguistics, Thetical Grammar encompasses linguistic phenomena – such as formulae of social exchange, imperatives, vocatives, interjections, including hesitation markers and pause fillers and what is traditionally known as “parenthetical” constructions – that pose a problem to orthodox grammatical analysis. We show that the findings made within the two frameworks are largely compatible with one another: both models converge on claiming that there is a significant correlation between linguistic categorization and hemisphere-based brain activity. In the dual process model it is hypothesized that there is a significant correlation between certain kinds of speech

  9. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratna Saptari

    1994-07-01

    Full Text Available - Martin Baier, Sri Kuhnt-Saptodewo, Zum Seelengeliet bei den Ngaju am Kahayan; Auswertung eines Sakraltextes zur Manarung-Zeremonie beim totenfest. München: Akademischer Verlag,1993 (PhD thesis, Ludwig-Maximilian-Universitiy München. - H.J.M. Claessen, Annette B. Weiner, Inalienable Possessions; The paradox of keeping-while-giving. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992, 232 pp. Bibl. Index - Charles A. Coppel, Wang Gungwu, Community and Nation; China, Southeast Asia and Australia. Sydney: Asian studies of Australia in association with Allen & Unwin, 1992 (2nd revised edition, viii + 359 pp - Heleen Gall, W. J. Mommsen, European expansion and Law; the encounter of European and Indigenous Law in 19th- and 20th- century Africa and Asia. Oxford; Berg publishers, 1992, vi + 339 pp, J.A. de Moor (eds. - Beatriz van der Goes, C. W. Watson, Kinship, Property and inheritance in Kerinci, Central Sumatra. Canterbury:University of Kent, Centre for Social Anthropology and computing Monographs no: 4. South-East Asian Series, 1992, ix + 255 pp - Kees Groeneboer, Tom van der Berge, Van Kenis tot kunst; Soendanese poezie in de koloniale tijd. Proefschrift Rijksuniversiteit Lieden, November 1993, 220 pp - Kees Groeneboer, J.E.A.M. Lelyveld, ‘... waarlijk geen overdaad, doch een dringende eisch..’’; Koloniaal onderwijs en onderwijsbeleid in Nederlands-Indië 1893-1942. Proefschrift Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht, 1992. - Marleen Heins, R. Anderson Sutton, Variation in Central Javanese gamelan music; Dynamics of a steady state. Northern Illinois University: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Monograph series on Southeast Asia, (Special Report 28 ,1993. - Marleen Heins, E. Heins, Jaap Kunst, Indonesian music and dance; Traditional music and its interaction with the West. Amsterdam: Royal Tropical Institute/Tropenmuseum, University of Amsterdam, Ethnomusicology Centre `Jaap Junst’, 1994, E. den Otter, F. van Lamsweerde (eds. - David Henley

  10. Inzicht door onderdompeling Een reactie op Bart Van de Putte, Henk de Smaele en Dirk Jan Wolffram

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Hein Furnée

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Giving a detailed account of the social history of The Hague’s most prominent sites of civilised leisure – the gentlemen’s clubs, the zoo, the Royal Theatre and the seaside resort of Scheveningen – Plaatsen van beschaafd vertier demonstrates how the constant struggle for social in- and exclusion structured the daily lives of upper and middle class men and women in The Hague in the nineteenth century. In response to Bart Van de Putte, Jan Hein Furnée argues that extensive quantitative analyses of ‘class’ and ‘social class’ show that objective class stratifications based onwealth and/or occupation are important tools, but at most semi-finished products for historical research. Furnée fully agrees with Henk de Smaele’s objection that his study would have benefitted from a more in-depth reflection on the ways in which shifting patterns in women’s freedom of movement in urban spaces were related to their political and economic emancipation. In response to Dirk Jan Wolffram, Furnée repeats some examples given in his book that show how political practices in places of leisure impacted upon local and national politics, even though this didnot directly contribute to a linear process of increasing political participation and representation.Aan de hand van een gedetailleerde analyse van de sociale geschiedenis van herenen burgersociëteiten, de dierentuin, de Koninklijke Schouwburg en badplaats Scheveningen demonstreert Plaatsen van beschaafd vertier hoe de constante strijd om sociale in- en uitsluiting het dagelijks leven van mannen en vrouwen uit de hogere en middenstanden in negentiende-eeuws Den Haag beheerste. In reactie op Bart Van de Putte betoogt Jan Hein Furnée dat grondige kwantitatieve analyses van ‘class’ en ‘social class’ uitwijst dat objectieve sociale stratificaties op basis van welstand en/of beroep voor historisch onderzoek weliswaar zeer nuttig enzelfs noodzakelijk, maar uiteindelijk slechts een

  11. Parâmetros de desempenho de dezesseis equipamentos de irrigação por pivô central Parameters of performance of sixteen center-pivot irrigation equipments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delvio Sandri

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available O tempo de uso de sistemas de irrigação por pivô central pode resultar em alteração de suas características hidráulicas, necessitando de avaliações periódicas para manter a uniformidade de distribuição de água em níveis aceitáveis. Objetivou-se, neste trabalho, avaliar as condições de funcionamento e desempenho de dezesseis pivôs centrais, localizados em onze municípios de Goiás e no Distrito Federal. Estimou-se o coeficiente de uniformidade de Heermann & Hein - CUH e uniformidade de distribuição - CUD, variação da lâmina coletada em relação à projetada e os fatores que interferem no desempenho dos equipamentos. Dos pivôs avaliados, quatro (25% apresentaram CUH inadequado (The time of use of the center-pivot irrigation system may result in alteration of the hydraulic characteristics, frequent evaluations being needed to maintain the efficiency of water distribution at acceptable levels. The aim of this work was to evaluate the conditions of the use and the performance of sixteen center pivots, located in eleven municipal districts of Goiás State and Federal District, Brazil. The Heermann & Hein - CUH coefficient of uniformity and coefficient of distribution - CUD, variation between the collected and projected depth and verification of the main factors that influenced the performance were evaluated. Among the evaluated pivots, four (25% presented inadequate CUH (< 80% and three (18.75% presented inadequate CUD (< 70%. The average depth applied was higher than the projected in three and lower in thirteen pivots, with the difference higher than 10% in only one pivot. Most of the evaluated pivots need maintenance to solve the following problems: emitters with flow rate different from the flow considered appropriate for some intervals of the equipments; emitters totally or partially clogged or damaged; absence of suspension strings; damaged pressure regulators; leaks in several points and speed displacement different

  12. Neoglacial Antarctic sea-ice expansion driven by mid-Holocene retreat of the Ross Ice Shelf.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bendle, J. A.; Newton, K.; Mckay, R. M.; Crosta, X.; Etourneau, J.; Anya, A. B.; Seki, O.; Golledge, N. R.; Bertler, N. A. N.; Willmott, V.; Schouten, S.; Riesselman, C. R.; Masse, G.; Dunbar, R. B.

    2017-12-01

    Recent decades have seen expanding Antarctic sea-ice coverage, coeval with thinning West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) ice shelves and the rapid freshening of surface and bottom waters along the Antarctic margin. The mid-Holocene Neoglacial transition represents the last comparable baseline shift in sea-ice behaviour. The drivers and feedbacks involved in both the recent and Holocene events are poorly understood and characterised by large proxy-model mismatches. We present new records of compound specific fatty acid isotope analyses (δ2H-FA), highly-branched isoprenoid alkenes (HBIs) TEX86L temperatures, grain-size, mass accumulations rates (MARs) and image analyses from a 171m Holocene sediment sequence from Site U1357 (IODP leg 318). In combination with published records we reconstruct Holocene changes in glacial meltwater, sedimentary inputs and sea-ice. The early Holocene (11 to 10 ka) is characterised by large fluctuations in inputs of deglacial meltwater and sediments and seismic evidence of downlapping material from the south, suggesting a dominating influence from glacial retreat of the local outlet glaciers. From 10 to 8 ka there is decreasing meltwater inputs, an onlapping drift and advection of material from the east. After ca. 8 ka positively correlated δ2H-FA and MARs infer that pulses of glacial melt correlate to stronger easterly currents, driving erosion of material from upstream banks and that the Ross Ice Shelf (RIS) becomes a major influence. A large mid-Holocene meltwater pulse (preceded by warming TEX86L temperatures) is evident between ca. 6 to 4.5 ka, culminating in a rapid and permanent increase in sea-ice from 4.5 ka. This is coeval with cosmogenic nuclide evidence for a rapid thinning of the Antarctic ice sheet during the mid-Holocene (Hein et al., 2016). We suggest this represents a final major pulse of deglaciation from the Ross Ice Shelf, which initiates the Neoglacial, driving cool surface waters along the coast and greater sea

  13. As expressões «daqui vem» e «daí vem» como instanciações da construção LOC+SV no português contemporâneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariangela Rios de Oliveira

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Investigação dos padrões de uso das expressões daqui vem e daí vem, entendidas como instanciações da construção LOC+SV. A pesquisa é de caráter qualitativo, baseando-se em corpora referentes ao séc. XX e início do séc. XXI. A pesquisa fundamenta-se na linguística funcional, nos termos de Bybee (2010, Heine & Kuteva (2007 e Traugott & Dasher (2005, entre outros, com base no processo de gramaticalização e nos mecanismos de extensão metafórica e metonímica, bem como na abordagem cognitiva da Gramática de Construção, mormente nos termos de Croft (2001. Examina-se o processo de vinculação de sentido e forma que dá origem às expressões aludidas no português do Brasil, promovendo a análise interpretativa das suas motivações discursivo-pragmáticas.Palavras-chave: Linguística funcional; gramática de construções; gramaticalização; locativos.Abstract: Analysis of patterns of use of the expressions daqui vem (“from here comes” and daí vem (“from there comes” as instantiations of the construction LOC + VP. The research is a qualitative one, based on corpora for the 20th century and early 21st. This research is based on the functional linguistics, according to Bybee (2010, Heine & Kuteva (2007 and Traugott & Dasher (2005, among others, based on the process of grammaticalization and on the mechanisms of metaphorical and metonymic extension as well as on cognitive approach of the Construction Grammar, especially in Croft (2001. We examine the process of linking of meaning and form that gives rise to the expressions alluded in Brazilian Portuguese, analysing interpretatively its discourse-pragmatic motivations.Keywords: Functional linguistics; Construction Grammar; grammaticalization; locatives.

  14. Clinical and dermoscopic features of nevi in patients with psoriasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilina Natalia Glebovna

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study is to display the clinical and dermoscopic features of melanocytic nevi of more than 5 mm in diameter in psoriasis patients. A total of 32 patients with psoriasis (21 male, 11 female; average age 37.4 formed the first study group. In 22 patients (68.8%, melanocytic nevi of 5 mm in diameter and bigger (total of 68 nevi were clinically found. For a randomized trial, 100 people (21 male, 79 female; average age 27.8 without psoriasis were invited to form the second study group. Only 37 of them had nevi ≥5 mm in diameter (total of 60 nevi. Complete questionnaire, full body photometric skin examination, dermoscopy examination on the dermatoscope HEINE MINI 10X with 70% ethyl alcohol immersion, skin type identification according to the Fitzpatrick classification, and nevi assessment according to ABCD and ABC rules were obtained for all recruited people. Our study showed that patients with psoriasis are more susceptible to melanocytic nevi of >5 mm in diameter (68.8%, while the result for the second group was 37%. As for nevi of dysplastic criteria, we found 32% in psoriasis patients vs. 42% in the monitoring group. Moreover, we should bear in mind the influencing factors of skin phototype II and artificial insolation (e.g., tanning, PUVA (Psoralen and ultraviolet A, and narrowband phototherapy 311 nm obtained by the patients from the first group.

  15. Study on the relationship between Helicobacter pylori in the dental plaque and the occurrence of dental caries or oral hygiene index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ying; Lin, Huanjian; Bai, Yang; Qin, Xiaoshu; Zheng, Xin; Sun, Yong; Zhang, Yali

    2008-08-01

    The aims of our study were to determine the presence of Helicobacter pylori DNA in the dental plaque of Chinese children aged 3-6 years by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and to investigate the relationship between this infection and the occurrence of dental caries or oral hygiene index. Two hundred and fourteen children from a kindergarten in Guangzhou City of China were evaluated. The children's plaques were assessed by plaque indices of Quigley-Hein. Dental plaque was analyzed using nested PCR for two sets of primers directed to the 860-bp fragment of H. pylori genomic DNA, which have been reported to be highly sensitive and specific by other researchers. H. pylori was detected in dental plaque samples from 126 children, and 70 children with dental caries carried H. pylori in dental plaque. Of these children without infection, only 36 of 88 suffered dental caries. Besides, the average dental plaque index of 126 H. pylori-positive children was higher than that of 88 children without infection. In the present study, there was a significant correlation between H. pylori infection and dental caries or dental hygiene. The oral cavity may be a reservoir for H. pylori infection in children. H. pylori in dental plaque may play a role in the occurrence of dental caries, and poor oral hygiene may represent a risk factor for H. pylori in the oral cavity.

  16. “Let’s Take a Look Together”: Walking Interviews in Domestic Spaces as a Means to Examine ICT Experiences of Women 60+

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Ratzenböck

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Although mobile methods are becoming more common within the social sciences (e.g. Ricketts Hein et al., 2008 and Wiederhold, 2015, p. 607, they mostly take place outdoors. This paper examines the potential of walking interviews conducted in small domestic spaces to explore the ICT experiences of women aged 60+ and to discuss the challenges and advantages of this method. This case study of indoor walking interview material is a part of a larger research project on the ICT experiences of women 60+ in the Austrian province of Styria. The advantages and challenges of conducting walking interviews in the homes of interviewees are identified and explored. As this case study demonstrates, walking interviews in homes give the researcher a glimpse into the private areas of everyday life, let the interviewees lead the researcher through the space, allow the participants to conduct the conversation, and thus invite a reflection on the power dynamics inherent in the interview situation. This method also compares the statements provided by participants in semi-structured interviews with the information gathered through an encounter with media and ICTs in the home. These comparisons yield a variety of insights on prior statements through the addition of emphases, “contradictions,” or minimizing the importance of previous interview statements. Moreover, interactions with the objects in the home that are encountered during the walking interview also provide important “prompts” to stimulate a detailed and multifaceted discussion of everyday life experiences with ICTs and other media.

  17. Efficacy of a Rinse Containing Sea Salt and Lysozyme on Biofilm and Gingival Health in a Group of Young Adults: A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeyaraj Hoover

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. To evaluate new mouth rinse containing sea salt, xylitol, and lysozyme on biofilm formation and gingival health in a group of young adults. Methods. The subjects were divided into two groups of 15 subjects each: control (A and experimental group (B. The Turesky modification of Quigley-Hein plaque index was used to evaluate plaque scores while the presence or absence of gingival bleeding was used to determine gingival health. Measurements were done at baseline and at the end of the one-month trial period by one blinded examiner on six representative teeth. Group (A maintained standardized oral health practices for the duration of the experiment. In addition, group (B rinsed with a tablespoon of the provided sea salt mouth rinse for 30 seconds once in the morning and at night. After the 30-day trial period, subjects in both groups were reassessed as per baseline. Results. There were no statistically significant differences in the overall reduction from baseline in the mean plaque and gingivitis scores on all surfaces or on individual surfaces. Conclusion. Within the limitations of the study, rinsing with sea salt for thirty days did not affect the gingival and plaque scores in a group of young adults.

  18. DREEM on, dentists! Students' perceptions of the educational environment in a German dental school as measured by the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostapczuk, M S; Hugger, A; de Bruin, J; Ritz-Timme, S; Rotthoff, T

    2012-05-01

    The educational climate in which future doctors are trained is an important aspect of medical education. In contrast to human medicine, it has been rather neglected in dental educational research. The aim of the study was to supplement this lack by applying and validating the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) for the first time in a German-speaking sample of dental students. All dental students at the Medical Faculty of Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf were asked to complete a German adaptation of the DREEM and the Düsseldorf Mission Statement Questionnaire (DMSQ) in a paper-pencil survey. Data from 205 participants were analysed. Psychometric validation included analysis of item homogeneity and discrimination, test reliability, criterion and construct validity (convergent, factorial). DREEM item parameters were satisfactory, reliability (α = 0.87) and convergent validity (r = 0.66 with DMSQ) were also high. Factor analyses, however, yielded dimensions which did not fully correspond to the original DREEM subscales. Overall perception of the educational environment was positive (DREEM total score = 122.95 ± 15.52). Students in the clinical part of course rated the atmosphere more negatively, but their academic self-perception more positively than preclinical students. Showing satisfactory psychometric properties, DREEM proved suitable for assessing educational environments among dental students. Given the right circumstances, e.g., small and early clinically oriented classes, traditional curricula can generate positive environments. © 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  19. Effectiveness of supervised toothbrushing and oral health education in improving oral hygiene status and practices of urban and rural school children: A comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damle, Satyawan G; Patil, Anil; Jain, Saru; Damle, Dhanashree; Chopal, Nilika

    2014-09-01

    To evaluate and compare the oral health status and the impact of supervised toothbrushing and oral health education among school children of urban and rural areas of Maharashtra, India. A total of 200 school children in the age group 12-15 years were selected by stratified random sampling technique from two schools and were further divided into two groups: Group A (urban school) and Group B (rural school). Both the groups were again subdivided into control group and study group. Supervised toothbrushing was recommended for both the groups. The toothbrushing teaching program included session on oral health education, individual toothbrushing instructions, and supervised toothbrushing. Dental caries increment, plaque scores, and gingival status were assessed as per the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria (1997), Turesky-Gilmore-Glickman modification of the Quigley Hein Plaque Index, and Loe-Silness Gingival Index (1963), respectively. Cronbach's alpha, Chi-square test, paired t-test, and unpaired t-test were utilized for data analysis. The mean plaque and gingival score reduction was significantly higher in the study groups as compared to the control groups. An increase in the mean of Decayed, missing, filled teeth (DMFT) and Decayed, missing, filled teeth and surfaces (DMFS) scores throughout the study period was seen in children who participated in study. Oral health education was effective in establishing good oral health habits among school children and also in enhancing the knowledge of their parents about good oral health.

  20. [Evaluation of dental plaque by quantitative digital image analysis system].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Z; Luan, Q X

    2016-04-18

    To analyze the plaque staining image by using image analysis software, to verify the maneuverability, practicability and repeatability of this technique, and to evaluate the influence of different plaque stains. In the study, 30 volunteers were enrolled from the new dental students of Peking University Health Science Center in accordance with the inclusion criteria. The digital images of the anterior teeth were acquired after plaque stained according to filming standardization.The image analysis was performed using Image Pro Plus 7.0, and the Quigley-Hein plaque indexes of the anterior teeth were evaluated. The plaque stain area percentage and the corresponding dental plaque index were highly correlated,and the Spearman correlation coefficient was 0.776 (Pchart showed only a few spots outside the 95% consistency boundaries. The different plaque stains image analysis results showed that the difference of the tooth area measurements was not significant, while the difference of the plaque area measurements significant (P<0.01). This method is easy in operation and control,highly related to the calculated percentage of plaque area and traditional plaque index, and has good reproducibility.The different plaque staining method has little effect on image segmentation results.The sensitive plaque stain for image analysis is suggested.

  1. Identification of targets and new developments in the treatment of multiple sclerosis – focus on cladribine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clemens Warnke

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Clemens Warnke1, Heinz Wiendl2, Hans-Peter Hartung1, Olaf Stüve3, Bernd C Kieseier11Department of Neurology, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf, Germany; 2Department of Neurology – Inflammatory Disorders of the Nervous System and Neurooncology, University of Münster, Germany; 3Department of Neurology, Dallas VA Medical Center and UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USAAbstract: Orally available disease-modifying drugs for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS represent an unmet need for this chronic and debilitating disease. Among 5 currently investigated drugs at phase 3 clinical stage, promising efficacy data for fingolimod and oral cladribine have recently been published. However, benefits need to be weighed against the risks to define the role of these compounds within current treatment regimens. In this review, data on the efficacy of a promising compound, oral cladribine, are discussed and balanced with known and anticipated risks in a postmarketing era, and finally gives an outlook on the potential place of this drug in treatment algorithms for MS in the future.Keywords: immunosuppressant, oral drugs, risk–benefit, safety

  2. Wind power for the world international reviews and developments

    CERN Document Server

    Maegaard, Preben; Palz, Wolfgang

    2013-01-01

    Introduction, Preben MaegaardAccelerated Global Expansion of the Renewable Energy Sector: the Example of Wind Energy, Preben MaegaardWind Power Development in the European Union, Wolfgang PalzWind Energy to the rescue of mankind from the menace of the Fossil Fuel burning hazards, Anil KaneBlack or Green Wind Power, Frede HvelplundWind Energy Development in China, He DexinNon-grid-connected Wind Power and Offshore "Three Georges of Wind Power" in China, Gu WeidongWind Power in Japan: Past, Present, and Future Prospect, Izumi UshiyamaWind Power Development in India, Jami HossainChallenges and Opportunities for Energy Paradigm Shifting in Ontario, Canada, Jose EtcheverryWind Power in Cuba's Energy Revolution, Conrado Moreno FigueredoWind Power in Argentina, Erico SpinadelThe Emergence of Wind Power in Brazil, Everaldo FeitosaWind Energy in Chile, Arturo KunstmannWind Power in Austria, Wolfgang HeinThe History of Wind Power in France, Jean-Louis BalHistory, State-of-the Art and Future of Wind Energy in France, Ma...

  3. Development and validation of a prognostic scoring system for patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Such, Esperanza; Germing, Ulrich; Malcovati, Luca; Cervera, José; Kuendgen, Andrea; Della Porta, Matteo G; Nomdedeu, Benet; Arenillas, Leonor; Luño, Elisa; Xicoy, Blanca; Amigo, Mari L; Valcarcel, David; Nachtkamp, Kathrin; Ambaglio, Ilaria; Hildebrandt, Barbara; Lorenzo, Ignacio; Cazzola, Mario; Sanz, Guillermo

    2013-04-11

    The natural course of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) is highly variable but a widely accepted prognostic scoring system for patients with CMML is not available. The main aim of this study was to develop a new CMML-specific prognostic scoring system (CPSS) in a large series of 558 patients with CMML (training cohort, Spanish Group of Myelodysplastic Syndromes) and to validate it in an independent series of 274 patients (validation cohort, Heinrich Heine University Hospital, Düsseldorf, Germany, and San Matteo Hospital, Pavia, Italy). The most relevant variables for overall survival (OS) and evolution to acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) were FAB and WHO CMML subtypes, CMML-specific cytogenetic risk classification, and red blood cell (RBC) transfusion dependency. CPSS was able to segregate patients into 4 clearly different risk groups for OS (P < .001) and risk of AML evolution (P < .001) and its predictive capability was confirmed in the validation cohort. An alternative CPSS with hemoglobin instead of RBC transfusion dependency offered almost identical prognostic capability. This study confirms the prognostic impact of FAB and WHO subtypes, recognizes the importance of RBC transfusion dependency and cytogenetics, and offers a simple and powerful CPSS for accurately assessing prognosis and planning therapy in patients with CMML.

  4. Surgical and nonsurgical treatment of total rupture of the pectoralis major muscle in athletes: update and critical appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jörn Kircher

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Jörn Kircher, Christoph Ziskoven, Thilo Patzer, Daniela Zaps, Bernd Bittersohl, Rüdiger KrauspeUniversity Hospital, Orthopaedic Department, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, GermanyAbstract: The complete rupture of the pectoralis major tendon is an uncommon injury but has become increasingly common among athletes in recent years. This may be due to a higher number of individuals taking part in high-impact sports and weightlifting as well as the use of anabolic substances, which can make muscles and tendons vulnerable to injury. In recent literature, there are only few recommendations to rely on conservative treatment alone, but there are a number of reports and case series recommending early surgical intervention. Comparing the results of the two treatment regimens, there is clear evidence for a superior outcome after surgical repair with better cosmesis, better functional results, regaining of muscle power, and return to sports compared with the conservative treatment. In summary, anatomic surgical repair is the treatment of choice for complete acute ruptures of the pectoralis major tendon or muscle in athletes.Keywords: pectoralis major, rupture, athlete, conservative treatment, surgical treatment, steroid, tendon, sports injury

  5. Outbreak of viral gastroenteritis due to drinking water contaminated by Norwalk-like viruses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kukkula, M; Maunula, L; Silvennoinen, E; von Bonsdorff, C H

    1999-12-01

    Heinävesi, a Finnish municipality with a population of 4860 inhabitants, had an outbreak of gastroenteritis in March 1998. On the basis of an epidemiologic survey, an estimated 1700-3000 cases of acute gastroenteritis occurred during the outbreak. Municipal water consumption was found to be associated with illness (risk ratio [RR]=3.5, 95% confidence interval, 3.11>RR>3.96). Norwalk-like virus (NLV) genogroup II (GGII) was identified in untreated water, treated water, and 4 tap water samples by use of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. This was the first time NLVs had been detected in municipal tap water. Fifteen of 27 patient stool samples had NLV GGII, with an identical amplification product to that found in the water samples, indicating that the outbreak was caused by this virus. In some patients, NLV genogroup I was also encountered. This virus, however, could not be detected in the water samples. Inadequate chlorination contributed to the survival of the virus in the water.

  6. Are vegans the same as vegetarians? The effect of diet on perceptions of masculinity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Margaret A

    2016-02-01

    Food and food consumption matters in interpersonal interactions. Foods consumed can affect how a person is perceived by others in terms of morality, likeability, and gender. Food consumption can be used as a strategy for gendered presentation, either in terms of what foods are consumed or in the amount of food consumed. Finally, foods themselves are associated with gender. Previous research (Browarnik, 2012; Ruby & Heine, 2011) shows inconsistent patterns in the association between vegetarianism and masculinity. The current research conceptually replicates and extends this research by including the explicit label of vegetarian. The four studies in this article provide increased information about the effects of diet on gendered perceptions. Study 1 shows that vegetarian and omnivorous targets are rated equally in terms of masculinity. Study 2 shows that perceptions of vegetarians and vegans are similar, though comparing this research with past research indicates that perceptions of vegetarians are more variable. Study 3 shows that veganism leads perceptions of decreased masculinity relative to omnivores. Finally, Study 4 tests one possible mechanism for the results of Study 3, that it is the choice to be vegan that impacts perceptions of gender. Implications include increased knowledge about how meatless diets can affect the perceptions of gender in others. Multiple directions for future research are discussed. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. The presence of Spinoza in the exchanges between Sigmund Freud and Romain Rolland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vermorel, Henri

    2009-12-01

    Although Freud recognized his profound affinity with Spinoza, we seldom find explicit and direct references to the philosopher in his works. The correspondence between Romain Rolland, the 'Christian without a church', and Freud, the 'atheist Jew', is full of Spinozian reminiscences that nourish their works of this period and are underpinned by their mutual transference. The Future of an Illusion is written according to a Spinozian blueprint and aims at replacing religion, qualified as superstition, by psychoanalysis. A quotation from Heine, 'brother in unbelief', is a direct reference to Spinoza. Concurring with Freud's critiques of dogmas and churches, Rolland proposes an analysis of the 'oceanic feeling' as a basis of the religious sentiment. Freud replies with Civilization and Its Discontents. In 1936, on the occasion of Rolland's 70th birthday, Freud sends him an open letter, A disturbance of memory on the Acropolis, where the strange feeling that he has experienced in front of the Parthenon refers inter alia to his double culture: Jewish and German. In the light of this correspondence, the creation of psychoanalysis turns out to be a quest for the sacred that has disappeared in modernity; Freud, though, was able to find it inside man's unconscious.

  8. Theoretical physics vol. 2. Quantum mechanics, relativistic quantum mechanics, quantum field theory, elementar-particle theory, thermodynamics and statistics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rebhan, E.

    2005-01-01

    The present second volume treats quantum mechanics, relativistic quantum mechanics, the foundations of quantum-field and elementary-particle theory as well as thermodynamics and statistics. Both volumes comprehend all fields, which are usually offered in a course about theoretical physics. In all treated fields a very careful introduction to the basic natural laws forms the starting point, whereby it is thoroughly analysed, which of them is based on empirics, which is logically deducible, and which role play basic definitions. Extendingly the matter extend of the corresponding courses starting from the relativistic quantum theory an introduction to the elementary particles is developed. All problems are very thoroughly and such extensively studied, that each step is singularly reproducible. On motivation and good understandability is cared much about. The mixing of mathematical difficulties with problems of physical nature often obstructive in the learning is so circumvented, that important mathematical methods are presented in own chapters (for instance Hilbert spaces, Lie groups). By means of many examples and problems (for a large part with solutions) the matter worked out is deepened and exercised. Developments, which are indeed important, but seem for the first approach abandonable, are pursued in excurses. This book starts from courses, which the author has held at the Heinrich-Heine university in Duesseldorf, and was in many repetitions fitted to the requirements of the students. It is conceived in such a way, that it is also after the study suited as dictionary or for the regeneration

  9. Plaque reduction over time of an integrated oral hygiene system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunn, Martha E; Ruhlman, C Douglas; Mallatt, Philip R; Rodriguez, Sally M; Ortblad, Katherine M

    2004-10-01

    This article compares the efficacy of a prototype integrated system (the IntelliClean System from Sonicare and Crest) in the reduction of supragingival plaque to that of a manual toothbrush and conventional toothpaste. The integrated system was compared to a manual toothbrush with conventional toothpaste in a randomized, single-blinded, parallel, 4-week, controlled clinical trial with 100 subjects randomized to each treatment group. There was a low dropout rate, with 89 subjects in the manual toothbrush group (11% loss to follow-up) and 93 subjects in the integrated system group (7% loss to follow-up) completing the study. The Turesky modification of the Quigley and Hein Plaque Index was used to assess full-mouth plaque scores for each subject. Prebrushing plaque scores were obtained at baseline and at 4 weeks after 14 to 20 hours of plaque accumulation. A survey also was conducted at the conclusion of the study to determine the attitude toward the two oral hygiene systems. The integrated system was found to significantly reduce overall and interproximal prebrushing plaque scores over 4 weeks, both by 8.6%, demonstrating statistically significant superiority in overall plaque reduction (P = .002) and interproximal plaque reduction (P < .001) compared to the manual toothbrush with conventional toothpaste, which showed no significant reduction in either overall plaque or interproximal plaque. This study demonstrates that the IntelliClean System from Sonicare and Crest is superior to a manual toothbrush with conventional toothpaste in reducing overall plaque and interproximal plaque over time.

  10. Evaluation of the plaque removal efficacy of xylitol-impregnated single-use toothbrush in vivo in 10-11-year-old children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tezer Ulusu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Xylitol is non-fermentable by oral bacteria and it inhibits the growth, metabolism and polysaccharide production of mutans streptococci, resulting in less bacterial plaque accumulation on teeth. This study aimed to compare the plaque removal efficacy on the teeth of children of xylitol-impregnated or non-impregnated single-use toothbrushes identical in shape and manufactured by the same company. Materials and Method: Thirty children aged 10-11 years were randomly separated into two groups of 15 children each. First group used a xylitol-impregnated toothbrush and the second group used a non-impregnated toothbrush for brushing. Dental plaque on upper central incisors was photographed intra-orally before and after brushing under standardized conditions. These photographs were stored in a computer and the amount of dental plaque was scored by using Turensky Modified Quinley Hein Plaque Index by a researcher blinded to the groups. Results: While both xylitol-impregnated and non-impregnated groups had significantly higher plaque index in before-brushing photographs than after-brushing photographs (p0.05. Conclusion: The results of the study emphasized that toothbrushing itself, regardless of xylitol content within the toothbrush, is essential for removing the dental plaque.

  11. Theoretical physics. Quantum mechanics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rebhan, Eckhard

    2008-01-01

    From the first in two comprehensive volumes appeared Theoretical Physics of the author by this after Mechanics and Electrodynamics also Quantum mechanics appears as thinner single volume. First the illustrative approach via wave mechanics is reproduced. The more abstract Hilbert-space formulation introduces the author later by postulates, which are because of the preceding wave mechanics sufficiently plausible. All concepts of quantum mechanics, which contradict often to the intuitive understanding formed by macroscopic experiences, are extensively discussed and made by means of many examples as well as problems - in the largest part provided with solutions - understandable. To the interpretation of quantum mechanics an extensive special chapter is dedicated. this book arose from courses on theoretical physics, which the author has held at the Heinrich-Heine University in Duesseldorf, and was in numerous repetitions fitted to the requirement of the studyings. it is so designed that it is also after the study suited as reference book or for the renewing. All problems are very thoroughly and such extensively studied that each step is separately reproducible. About motivation and good understandability is cared much

  12. Lühileksikon / Ants Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oras, Ants

    2007-01-01

    Sisu: William Shakespeareþi sonetid (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1934, nr. 10, lk. 1142-1143, pealkirjaga "Järelmärkus") ; Alexander Popeì "Lokirööv" (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1934, nr. 5, lk. 481-483, pealkirjaga "Järelmärkus") ; Robert Burns (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1939, nr. 7, lk. 756, pealkirjaga "Märkus") ; Lord Byroni "Don Juan" (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1934, nr. 5, lk. 481-483, pealkirjaga: "Sissejuhatav märge") ; John Keatsi luule (ilmunud ka: Looming 1936, nr. 10, lk. 1162, pealkirjaga "Järelmärkus") ; Aleksandr Pushkini looduslüürika (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1934, nr. 1, lk. 68-70, pealkirjaga "Järelmärge") ; Heinrich Heine (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1933, nr. 5, lk. 515-516, pealkirjaga "Saateks") ; Leconte de Lisleì luule (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1939, nr. 8, lk. 869-870, pealkirjaga "Järelmärkus") ; Algernon Swinburne (ilmunud ka: Looming, 191937, nr. 1, lk. 40, pealkirjaga "Järelmärkus") ; Robert Bridges (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1930, nr. 3, lk. 379, pealkirjaga "Inglise poet laureate surnud" (lüh.)) ; Rudyard Kipling (ilmunud ka: Kunst ja Kirjandus, 5. jaanuar 1936, nr. 1, lk. 4, autorinimeta, pealkirjaga "Rudyard Kipling 70-a." ; Robert Frosti luule (ilmunud ka: Tulimuld, 1954, nr. 4, lk. 227-229, 233) ; Vachel Lindsay (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1930, nr. 3, lk. 319-320, pealkirjata)

  13. Evaluation of water distribution under pivot irrigation systems using remote sensing imagery in eastern Nile delta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Farg

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Traditional methods for center pivot evaluation depend on the water depth distribution along the pivot arm. Estimation and mapping the water depth under pivot irrigation systems using remote sensing data is essential for calculating the coefficient of uniformity (CU of water distribution. This study focuses on estimating and mapping water depth using Landsat OLI 8 satellite data integrated with Heerman and Hein (1968 modified equation for center pivot evaluation. Landsat OLI 8 image was geometrically and radiometrically corrected to calculate the vegetation and water indices (NDVI and NDWI in addition to land surface temperature. Results of the statistical analysis showed that the collected water depth in catchment cans is also highly correlated negatively with NDVI. On the other hand water, depth was positively correlated with NDWI and LST. Multi-linear regression analysis using stepwise selection method was applied to estimate and map the water depth distribution. The results showed R2 and adjusted R2 0.93 and 0.88 respectively. Study area or field level verification was applied for estimation equation with correlation 0.93 between the collected water depth and estimated values.

  14. Assessing the Accuracy of Self-Reported Self-Talk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas M. Brinthaupt

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Self-Talk Scale (STS; Brinthaupt, Hein, & Kramer, 2009 is a self-report measure of self-talk frequency that has been shown to possess acceptable reliability and validity. However, no research using the STS has examined the accuracy of respondents’ self-reports. In the present paper, we report a series of studies directly examining the measurement of self-talk frequency and functions using the STS. The studies examine ways to validate self-reported self-talk by (1 comparing STS responses from 6 weeks earlier to recent experiences that might precipitate self-talk, (2 using experience sampling methods to determine whether STS scores are related to recent reports of self-talk over a period of a week, and (3 comparing self-reported STS scores to those provided by a significant other who rated the target on the STS. Results showed that (1 overall self-talk scores, particularly self-critical and self-reinforcing self-talk, were significantly related to reports of context-specific self-talk; (2 high STS scorers reported talking to themselves significantly more often during recent events compared to low STS scorers, and, contrary to expectations, (3 friends reported less agreement than strangers in their self-other self-talk ratings. Implications of the results for the validity of the STS and for measuring self-talk are presented.

  15. Comparative effect of fluoride, essential oil and chlorhexidine mouth rinses on dental plaque and gingivitis in patients with and without dental caries: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charugundla, B R; Anjum, S; Mocherla, M

    2015-05-01

    The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of fluoride, essential oil (EO) and chlorhexidine (CHX)-containing mouth rinses on dental plaque and gingivitis and to compare their relative efficacy in patients with and without dental caries. A randomized, controlled, double- blind, crossover clinical trial was conducted for a period of 8 weeks. Thiry-six qualifying subjects, aged 12-44 years, were included in the study. Subjects were divided into caries and caries-free groups and were randomly assigned to one of the following mouth rinse groups: fluoride; EO; CHX and saline as negative control. Subjects used their respective mouth rinse for a period of 7-days each with 1-week wash-out periods. Primary efficacy variables were Quigley-Hein plaque index (PI) and Loe and Silness gingival index. Fluoride and CHX mouth rinses showed significant reduction in plaque after use of mouth rinses (P gingivitis (P > 0.05). Further significant differences were found in reducing plaque and gingivitis in caries-free subjects in comparison to those with caries (P gingivitis especially in caries-free subjects in comparison to those with caries, and amongst the three, fluoride and CHX proved to be more effective than EO mouth rinse. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Reducing Dental Plaque and Gingivitis With 0.6% Cortex Ilicis Rotundae Toothpaste: A Randomized, Double-Masked Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hongchun; Yin, Wei

    2016-03-01

    Cortex Ilicis Rotundae has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Few studies have evaluated the effects of toothpastes containing Cortex Ilicis Rotundae. This study evaluates the antiplaque and antigingivitis effects of a test toothpaste containing 0.6% Cortex Ilicis Rotundae extract in a calcium carbonate base compared with a control toothpaste without any active ingredient. One hundred adults with a mean plaque index (PI) ≥ 1.5 and a mean gingival index (GI) ≥ 1.0 were enrolled in this randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled clinical trial. They were assigned randomly to use a test toothpaste or a control toothpaste. At baseline, 6 weeks, and 12 weeks, they received examinations of oral hard and soft tissues, using Löe-Silness GI for gingivitis and the Turesky modification of the Quigley-Hein PI for PI. Adverse events were monitored. When the study was completed, the test group reported lower mean GI than the control group (1.13 ± 0.22 versus 1.30 ± 0.23; P = 0.001) and lower mean PI than the control group (2.53 ± 0.5 versus 2.93 ± 0.44; P gingivitis after 12 weeks of use compared with a negative control toothpaste.

  17. Evaluation of efficacy of a commercially available herbal mouthwash on dental plaque and gingivitis: A double-blinded parallel randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjukta Bagchi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To evaluate if a commercially available herbal mouthwash, can be a better choice as an anti-plaque and antigingivitis agent when compared with chlorhexidine. Materials and Methods: In a double-blind, parallel group randomized clinical trial 90 nursing students aged 18-25 years were randomly divided into three groups: A (chlorhexidine, B (HiOra and C (distilled water. These groups were asked to rinse with their respective mouthwash two times daily for 21 days. Plaque and gingivitis were evaluated by using Turesky et al. modification of Quigley Hein Plaque Index (1970 and Modified Gingival Index by Lobene et al. (1986 respectively. Statistical analysis was done using ANOVA test. Results: There was statistically significant reduction in plaque and gingival scores from baseline to 21 days in both the groups A and B. Conclusions: Although chlorhexidine group proved to be the best anti-plaque and antigingivitis agent, it was found that HiOra group also showed gradual improvement from baseline to 21 days. Whereas no improvement was seen in the Group C using distilled water over 21 days.

  18. Comparative evaluation of honey, chlorhexidine gluconate (0.2% and combination of xylitol and chlorhexidine mouthwash (0.2% on the clinical level of dental plaque: A 30 days randomized control trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ankita Jain

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To compare the effect of honey, chlorhexidine mouthwash and combination of xylitol chewing gum and chlorhexidine mouthwash on the dental plaque level. Materials and Methods: Ninety healthy dental students, both male and female, aged between 21 to 25 years participated in the study. The subjects were randomly divided into three groups, i.e. the honey group, the chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash group and the combination of xylitol chewing gum and chlorhexidine (CHX mouthwash group. The data was collected at the baseline, 15 th day and 30 th day; the plaque was disclosed using disclosing solution and their scores were recorded at six sites per tooth using the Quigley and Hein plaque index modified by Turesky-Gilmore-Glickman. Statistical analysis was carried out later to compare the effect of all the three groups. P ≤ 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Our result showed that all the three groups were effective in reducing the plaque but post-hoc LSD (Least Significant Difference showed that honey group and chlorhexidine + xylitol group were more effective than chlorhexidine group alone. The results demonstrated a significant reduction of plaque indices in honey group and chlorhexidine + xylitol group over a period of 15 and 30 days as compared to chlorhexidine.

  19. Financialization revisited: the rise and fall of finance-led capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Guttmann

    Full Text Available Abstract Financialization, expressing the growing importance of finance in the modus operandi of our capitalist system, has emerged as a key concept in various heterodox approaches over the last dozen years - be they Post-Keynesians (E. Stockhammer, E. Hein, American Radicals (G. Epstein, G. Krippner, Marxists (J. Bellamy Foster, G. Dumenil or French Régulationists (M. Aglietta, R. Boyer. But until now those various analysts have each looked at this very complex phenomenon from one or the other specific angle. In this article, I am trying to provide a more comprehensive analysis of financialization by tracing its two primary drivers - structural changes making non-financial actors more dependent on debt-financing as well as financial-income sources (“financial centralization” while also giving increased weight to the financial sector in the economy (“financial concentration”. The complex interaction between financial centralization and financial concentration has yielded a financialized growth dynamic fueling consecutive debt-financed asset bubbles in the center, the United States, that spurs export-led growth in the periphery. Framing this financialized growth dynamic in the Régulationist context as a historically conditioned accumulation regime, finance-led capitalism, I analyze its rise (1982 - 2007 in the wake of key changes in finance and its subsequent structural crisis (2007-2012 to provide a more complete approach to the crucial phenomenon of financialization.

  20. TURISMO EN LA ERA DE LA GLOBALIZACIÓN: IMPLICACIONES DE EQUIDAD PARA LA SOCIEDAD Y EL AMBIENTE INTERNACIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Fürst

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Es bastante sorprendente que para un sector económico tan dinámico como el turismo no existan análisis comprensivos y realmente serios, sobre su impacto en el desarrollo sostenible en el ámbito internacional. Sin duda alguna, hay una discusión amplia sobre problemas de transporte y viaje, particularmente de viajes aéreos para fines turísticos, con relación al efecto de calentamiento atmosférico (“greenhouse effect”.1 Así mismo, recientemente se han llevado a cabo una serie de estudios sobre el impacto local (positivo y negativo del turismo en la economía, la vida sociocultural, el ambiente, etc. (ver las diferentes contribuciones en Hein 1997. Sin embargo, en el nivel de una estrategia internacional se pueden encontrar mayormente sobre-generalizaciones inaceptables de tales estudios de impacto, las cuales condenan (como ONGs más radicales o elogian el turismo (como algunos escritos sobre eco-turismo, pero con razonamientos igualemente poco diferenciados y mayormente superficiales.

  1. X-ray examination of functional disturbances in patients with parodontopathies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bimmerle, T.

    1981-01-01

    In a clinical investigation covering 42 patients with parodontopathy and a control group of 14 persons, a clinical and instrumental functional analysis was carried out. The clinical functional analysis was carried out using the Krogh-Poulsen method. For the instrumental functional analysis, the author used the evaluation in a Stuart-articulator after a Stuart-Pantography. On the majority of the patients examined, a plaque test according to Quigley-Hein was carried out additionally. When establishing the findings of the clinical status of the disease, the German Parodontal Status was taken into consideration. We proved with the help of correlation calculations that bone decomposition in two neighbouring teeth is not independent of each other. Therefore, the individual teeth could not be compared with one another as regards their malocclusions. When comparing to results obtained by other authors, however, the author observed that malocclusions have an influence on bone decomposition. They must be eliminated within the framework of a parodontosis treatment. (orig./MG) [de

  2. Kultuurkapital jagas tunnustust

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2007. a. arhitektuuri valdkonna peapreemia pälvis Vello Asi, kujutava ja rakenduskunsti valdkonna peapreemia Jaan Toomik. Sihkapitalide preemiad: kujutav ja rakenduskunst - Evi Viires, Vano Allsalu ja Sally Stuudio (veebikeskkond kunstikeskus.ee), kunstnike rühmitus Non Grata, kunstiühing Pallas. Arhitektuur - Raili Paling, Liis Lindvere, Lembit-Kaur Stöör, Tõnis Kimmel (Tallinna sünagoog), Silja Konsa, Urve Sinijärv, Olev Abner, Kersti Lootus, Ants Hein (teatmeteos "Eesti pargid"), Kalle Vellevoog (pansionaat Seedri t. 4 Pärnus), Aivar Roosaar (Athena konverentsi- ja kultuurikeskuse renoveerimine), Kalle Komissarov. Rahvakultuur - Kadi Pajupuu, Reet Piiri, Tiia Toomet (Tartu Mänguasjamuuseumi rajamine). Preemiaid said ka filmi "Sügisball" loominguline kollektiiv koosseisus Veiko Õunpuu, Mart Taniel, Ülo Krigul, Katrin Kissa (audiovisuaalne kunst), Jaan Rääts (helikunst), Mare Tommingas (näitekunst), X noorte laulu- ja tantsupeo kunstilised juhid Aarne Saluveer ja Maido Saar (rahvakultuur). Lisaks sellele andsid sihtkapitalid välja oma aastapreemiad. Nimekiri

  3. Evaluating the anti-plaque efficacy of meswak (Salvadora persica containing dentifrice: A triple blind controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puneet Gupta

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The growing field of alternative medicine has shown that dentifrices based on plant extracts are available in the market but there is little or no research to prove or refute the efficacy of dentifrices containing combination of herbal components. Aim: The study was conducted to evaluate the anti-plaque efficacy of a commercially available Meswak containing dentifrice compared to the conventional dentifrice using a randomized, triple blind, parallel design method. Materials and Methods: A total of 350 subjects were selected. All the subjects (aged 13-54 years were given the test dentifrices, packed in plain white color-coded tubes. The subjects were instructed to brush their teeth twice daily for 2 min with the allocated dentifrice. The total study duration was 4 weeks. Plaque scores were recorded at the baseline, 2 weeks and 4 weeks respectively, using the Turesky modification of the Quigley Hein Plaque Index. Results: The results showed that there were significant differences in the reduction of plaque by the herbal dentifrice, Meswak (Salvadora persica on intra-group and inter-group comparison. Conclusion: It was concluded that further research is required to know the dental benefits of herbal products being incorporated into the commercially available dentifrices.

  4. Lähme, naised / Tiina Kuuler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuuler, Tiina, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Muusikasündmustest: ansambli Metsatöll heliplaadi "Iivakivi" esitluskontsertidest 7. märtsil Tallinnas klubis Hollywood ja 8. märtsil Tartu Sadamateatris, Ultima Thule sünnipäevakontserdist 7. märtsil Tallinnas Rock Cafés, Jäääär 8. märtsil Rock Cafés, Koit Toome ja Uku Suviste 12. märtsil Pärnu kontserdimajas, Kuninglik kvintett 8. märtsil Kiviõli rahvamajas, "Naerata nüüd jälle sa" (Maarja-Liis Ilus, Alen Veziko, Margus Vaher, Andre Hein, Raimondo Laikre) 9. märtsil Vanemuise kontserdimajas, "Kaunimad... su elus" (ansambel Kaunimate Aastate Vennaskond) 7. märtsil Jõhvi kontserdimajas, 8. märtsil Vanemuise kontserdimajas ja 9. märtsil Pärnu kontserdimajas, Tarmo ja Toomas Urb 8. märtsil Viljandi kultuurimajas, Koit Toome 7. märtsil Tartu Jaani kirikus, Noorkuu naistepäevakontsert 8. märtsil Rakvere spordihallis, Eesti heliloojate armastuslaulud ETV tütarlastekoori esituses 8. märtsil Jõhvi kontserdimajas, Brides in Bloom + DJ Kahurid 8. märtsil Tallinnas klubis Woodstock, Richard Clayderman 11. märtsil Estonia kontserdisaalis

  5. Plaatsen van beschaafd vertier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Kennedy

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Plaatsen van beschaafd vertier [Places of civilised amusement] by Jan Hein Furnée, which appeared as a PhD thesis in 2007 and was adapted and extended into a book in 2012, is regarded by historians of the Low Countries as an impressive tour de force. In a stimulating manner Furnée demonstrates with this profound urban history that for the elite of The Hague leisure activities played an important role in acquiring status and maintaining their position. His study is based on extensive and systematic research into a great variety of sources, from census registers, membership lists of clubs and societies to address books. This gives the reader an extraordinarily detailed picture of the changing social relations in the upper echelons of society in The Hague in the latter half of the nineteenth century. The sophisticated use of both qualitative and quantitative methods can serve as a model for other historians in the field of urban history. In a lively fashion Furnée shows that the inhabitants of The Hague grasped at all kinds of pastimes in order to distinguish themselves from others, and when possible to increase their own status through their participation in elegant societies, theatre visits or supporting the proposed zoo: but the book also makes statements about status and class, the history of gender and of politics at the end of the nineteenth century. Plaatsen van beschaafd vertier van Jan Hein Furnée dat in 2007 als proefschrift en in 2012 bewerkt en uitgebreid als boek verscheen, staat onder historici van de Lage Landen bekend als een imponerende tour de force. Op prikkelende wijze laat Furnée in deze diepgravende stadsgeschiedenis zien dat vrijetijdsbesteding voor Haagse elites een belangrijke rol speelde in standsvorming en handhaving van hun positie. Zijn studie is gebaseerd op uitgebreid en systematisch onderzoek van veelsoortige bronnen, van volkstellingsregisters, ledenlijsten van verenigingen en sociëteiten tot adresboeken

  6. Fatores Relacionados ao Nível de Divulgação de Ativos Intangíveis após a Adoção das IFRS por Empresas do IGC da BM&FBOVESPA = Factors related to the level of disclosure of intangible assets after the adoption of IFRS for companies from IGC of BM&FBovespa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Carlos Klann

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo consiste em verificar os fatores que influenciam o nível de divulgação de informações sobre ativos intangíveis nas empresas listadas no Índice de Governança Corporativa (IGC da BM&FBovespa, no período após adoção das International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS. Para tal, delineou-se a pesquisa como sendo descritiva, documental e quantitativa. A amostra é composta das 125 empresas não financeiras que compõem o IGC da BM&FBovespa. A análise inicialmente pautou-se nas Notas Explicativas e nos Relatórios de Administração divulgados no ano de 2011, a fim de classificar as informações evidenciadas sobre os ativos intangíveis, por meio de check listelaborado a partir das informações contidas no Pronunciamento Técnico CPC 04 R1 (2010. Para as observações dos itens a serem divulgados, indicados no check list, foi atribuída uma pontuação adaptada de Boff, Beuren e Hein (2009. Para a análise dos dados efetuou-se uma Regressão Linear Múltipla, relacionando-se o fator tamanho, idade, classificação dos setores de atuação, governança corporativa, concentração de capital, emissão de ADR e alavancagem, com a divulgação das informações sobre ativo intangíveis, a fim de alcançar o objetivo da pesquisa. Os resultados apontam que dos fatores analisados apenas as variáveis referentes ao nível de governança corporativa, percentual de ações ordinárias e a classificação setorial das empresas possuem uma relação significativa com o nível de evidenciação de ativos intangíveis das listadas no IGC. The objective of this study is to identify factors that influence the level of disclosure of information about intangible assets in companies listed at the BM&FBovespa IGC in the period after the adoption of IFRS. For this research, descriptive document and quantitative were outlined. The sample is comprised of 125 nonfinancial companies that make up the Corporate Governance Index (IGC of

  7. The coral reef aorta - a single centre experience in 70 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grotemeyer, Dirk; Pourhassan, Siamak; Rehbein, Hermann; Voiculescu, Adina; Reinecke, Petra; Sandmann, Wilhelm

    2007-01-01

    Coral reef aorta (CRA) is described as rock-hard calcifications in the visceral part of the aorta. These heavily calcified plaques grow into the lumen and can cause significant stenoses, which may lead to malperfusion of the lower limbs, visceral ischemia or hypertension due to renal ischemia. From January 1984 to February 2007, 70 patients (24 men, 46 women, mean age 59.5 years, range 14 to 81 years) underwent treatment in the Department of Vascular Surgery and Renal Transplantation, University Hospital, Heinrich-Heine-University (Düsseldorf, Germany) for CRA. The present study is based on a review of patients' records and the prospective follow-up in the outpatient clinic. The most frequent finding was renovascular arterial hypertension (44.3%) causing headache, vertigo and visual symptoms. Intermittent claudication due to peripheral arterial occlusive disease was found in 28 patients (40.0%). Seventeen patients (24.3%) presented with chronic visceral ischemia causing diarrhea, weight loss and abdominal pain. Sixty-nine of the 70 patients (98.6%) underwent surgery; in 57 patients, aortic reconstruction was achieved with thromboendarterectomy, performed on an isolated suprarenal segment in six cases (8.7%), an infrarenal segment in 15 cases (21.7%), and the supra- and infrarenal aorta in 43 cases (62.3%). Eight patients (11.6%) died during or soon after surgery. Postoperative complications requiring corrective surgery occurred in 11 patients (15.9%). Almost one-third of the patients (n=19, 27.5%) returned for follow-up after a mean of 52.6 months (range six to 215 months). Of the 19 patients, there was significant clinical and diagnostic improvement in 16 patients (84.2%) and three patients (15.8%) were unchanged. Impairment was not observed. Despite the existing and improving surgical techniques for the treatment of CRA, its pathophysiological basis and genesis is not yet understood.

  8. «L’esiliato rientrava nel paese incorrotto». La terra, il mare, la costa in Mediterraneo, di Eugenio Montale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandro Maxia

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Montale’s short, nine-section poem, ‘Mediterraneo’, constitutes his most notable contribution to the modern reworking of the myth of the sea, which has always been so central to western poetry. Progressing from an analysis of the semantics of the border in Montale, centred on the limen present in the poem – that threshold separating land from sea – this reading aims to highlight the distinctiveness of the montalian perspective with respect to authors with whom he compares himself, from D’Annunzio to Baudelaire, Mallarmé, Rimbaud, Valéry, Lautréamont, and Heine to Shelley, to name a few. This comparison contains aspects of consonance, but also and perhaps moreso, of tangible contrast. Starting from the belief that ‘Mediterraneo’ alludes, however ephemerally, to the Biblical account of the expulsion from Eden, this reading finds the centre of gravity in the dazzling yet dreamlike recognition represented in the fourth movement, in which a glass city, emerging unexpectedly from the abysses of the sea, rises miraculously before the reader to signify the enduring symbol of the lost, authentic homeland (the ‘unspoiled country’ referring in a new way to Ungaretti’s ‘Girovago’; the indisputable marker of the end of the happy season of childhood. The hypothesis developed is that the expulsion carries an additional penalty for the poet, not – as claimed by authoritative critical theory – in a crisis of identity, but rather in the imprisonment in an identity lacking in evolution and the resulting exclusion from the world of the possibility, of the beyond, of elsewhere.

  9. Combined effects of repeated oral hygiene motivation and type of toothbrush on orthodontic patients: a blind randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marini, Ida; Bortolotti, Francesco; Parenti, Serena Incerti; Gatto, Maria Rosaria; Bonetti, Giulio Alessandri

    2014-09-01

    To investigate the effects on plaque index (PI) scores of manual or electric toothbrush with or without repeated oral hygiene instructions (OHI) and motivation on patients wearing fixed orthodontic appliances. One month after the orthodontic fixed appliance bonding on both arches, 60 patients were randomly assigned to four groups; groups E1 (n  =  15) and E2 (n  =  15) received a powered rotating-oscillating toothbrush, and groups M1 (n  =  15) and M2 (n  =  15) received a manual toothbrush. Groups E1 and M1 received OHI and motivation at baseline (T0) and after 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 weeks (T4, T8, T12, T16, and T20, respectively) by a Registered Dental Hygienist; groups E2 and M2 received OHI and motivation only at baseline. At each time point a blinded examiner scored plaque of all teeth using the modified Quigley-Hein PI. In all groups the PI score decreased significantly over time, and there were differences among groups at T8, T12, T16, and T20. At T8, PI scores of group E1 were lower than those of group E2, and at T12, T16, and T20, PI scores of groups M1 and E1 were lower compared to those of groups M2 and E2. A linear mixed model showed that the effect of repeated OHI and motivation during time was statistically significant, independently from the use of manual or electric toothbrush. The present results showed that repeated OHI and motivation are crucial in reducing PI score in orthodontic patients, independent of the type of toothbrush used.

  10. Catalysis. Innovative applications in petrochemistry and refining. Preprints

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ernst, S.; Balfanz, U.; Jess, A.; Lercher, J.A.; Lichtscheidl, J.; Marchionna, M.; Nees, F.; Santacesaria, E. (eds.)

    2011-07-01

    Within the DGMK conference at 4th to 6th October, 2011 in Dresden (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) Developing linear-alpha-olefins technology - From laboratory to a commercial plant (A. Meiswinkel); (2) New developments in oxidation catalysis (F. Rosowski); (3) Study of the performance of vanadium based catalysts prepared by grafting in the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane (E. Santacesaria); (4) Hydrocracking for oriented conversion of heavy oils: recent trends for catalyst development (F. Bertoncini); (5) Acidic ionic liquids for n-alkane isomerization in a liquid-liquid or slurry-phase reaction mode (C. Meyer); (6) Dual catalyst system for the hydrocracking of heavy oils and residues (G. Bellussi); (7) Understanding hydrodenitrogenation on novel unsupported sulphide Mo-W-Ni catalysts (J. Hein); (8) Hydrocracking of ethyllaurate on bifunctional micro-/mesoporous composite materials (M. Adam); (9) Catalytic dehydration of ethanol to ethylene (Ying Zhu); (10) The Evonik-Uhde HPPO process for propylene oxide production (B. Jaeger); (11) A green two-step process for adipic acid production from cyclohexene: A study on parameters affecting selectivity (F. Cavani); (12) DISY: The direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide, a bridge for innovative applications (R, Buzzoni); (13) Solid catalyst with ionic liquid layer (SCILL) - A concept to improve the selectivity of selective hydrogenations (A. Jess); (14) Co-Zn-Al based hydrotalcites as catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch process (C.L. Bianchi); (15) Honeycomb supports with high thermal conductivity for the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (C.G. Visconti); (16) How to make Fischer-Tropsch catalyst scale-up fully reliable (L. Fischer); (17) New developments in FCC catalysis (C.P. Kelkar); (18) The potential of medium-pore zeolites for improved propene yields from catalytic cracking (F. Bager).

  11. ANALYSIS AND COMPARISON OF ADOLESCENT ATHLETES' MOTIVATION: BASKETBALL PLAYERS VS. FOOTBALL PLAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bartolom\\u00E9 J. Almagro

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The motivation of an athlete is determinant for the athletic engagement of the adolescent. The present study attempts to analyze the motivation of adolescent basketball and football players from the perspectives of Achievement Goal Theory (Nicholls, 1989 and Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985. The study's sample was composed of 248 athletes from 12 to 17 years of age. Half were from basketball and half were from football. The instruments that were utilized were: the Spanish version of the Sport Motivation Scale (SMS (Núñez, Martín-Albo, Navarro, & González, 2006, the Spanish version of the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 (PMSCQ-2 (Balaguer, Mayo, Atienza, & Duda, 1997, and the adapted Spanish translation (Moreno, Moreno, & Cervelló, 2007 of the Intention to be Physically Active Scale (IPAS by Hein, Müür, and Koka (2004. The comparison of the means of the variables between football and basketball players was done utilizing the student t-test for independent samples. Significant differences were found for variables such as: intrinsic motivation (IM toward accomplishment, external regulation, amotivation, task, ego, and Self-Determination Index (SDI. Basketball players obtained higher values in the SDI, in task, and in IM toward accomplishment than football players. The search for premature performance in football and coaches' educations can help to explain these differences. The importance of these differences reside in the relationship between these motivational variables and the adherence to athletic practice. In conclusion, basketball demonstrated better values in motivational variables, which demonstrates that training sessions are more oriented toward task than ego, that players have more intrinsic and self-determined motivation, and therefore, the adherence of the young athletes will be greater in this sport.

  12. Effect of Manuka honey, chlorhexidine gluconate and xylitol on the clinical levels of dental plaque

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prathibha A Nayak

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims: To compare the effect of Manuka honey, chlorhexidine gluconate (0.2% mouthwash and xylitol chewing gum on the dental plaque levels. Materials and Methods: Sixty healthy male dental students aged between 21 and 25 years (mean age 23.4 years participated in the study. All the subjects received a professional prophylaxis at the start of the study, with the purpose of making the dentition 100% free of plaque and calculus. The subjects were then randomly divided into three groups, i.e. the Manuka honey group, the chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash group and the xylitol chewing gum group. Rinsing with water or any other fluid after the procedure was not allowed as also any form of mechanical oral hygiene for all the subjects during the experimental period of 72 h. After the experimental period, the plaque was disclosed using disclosing solution and their scores were recorded at six sites per tooth using the Quigley and Hein plaque index modified by Turesky-Gilmore-Glickman. Results: The mean plaque scores for Groups I, II and III were 1.37, 1.35 and 1.57, respectively. The ANOVA revealed that between-group comparison was significant, with an F-value of 5.99 and a probability value of 0.004. The T-test was carried out to evaluate the inter-group significance, which revealed that the plaque inhibition by Manuka honey was similar to that of chlorhexidine mouthwash. Both Manuka honey and chlorhexidine mouthwash reduced plaque formation significantly, better than the xylitol chewing gum. Conclusion: Manuka honey and chlorhexidine mouthwash reduced plaque formation significantly better than xylitol chewing gum.

  13. Retrieval of Legal Information Through Discovery Layers: A Case Study Related to Indian Law Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kushwah, Shivpal Singh

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to analyze and evaluate discovery layer search tools for retrieval of legal information in Indian law libraries. This paper covers current practices in legal information retrieval with special reference to Indian academic law libraries, and analyses its importance in the domain of law.Design/Methodology/Approach. A web survey and observational study method are used to collect the data. Data related to the discovery tools were collected using email and further discussion held with the discovery layer/ tool /product developers and their representatives.Findings. Results show that most of the Indian law libraries are subscribing to bundles of legal information resources such as Hein Online, JSTOR, LexisNexis Academic, Manupatra, Westlaw India, SCC web, AIR Online (CDROM, and so on. International legal and academic resources are compatible with discovery tools because they support various standards related to online publishing and dissemination such as OAI/PMH, Open URL, MARC21, and Z39.50, but Indian legal resources such as Manupatra, Air, and SCC are not compatible with the discovery layers. The central index is one of the important components in a discovery search interface, and discovery layer services/tools could be useful for Indian law libraries also if they can include multiple legal and academic resources in their central index. But present practices and observations reveal that discovery layers are not providing facility to cover legal information resources. Therefore, in the present form, discovery tools are not very useful; they are an incomplete and half solution for Indian libraries because all available Indian legal resources available in the law libraries are not covered.Originality/Value. Very limited research or published literature is available in the area of discovery layers and their compatibility with legal information resources.

  14. Emerging role of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors in the management of type 2 diabetes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernd Richter

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Bernd Richter, Elizabeth Bandeira-Echtler, Karla Bergerhoff, Christian LerchCochrane Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders Group, Department of General Practice, Heinrich-Heine University Duesseldorf, Duesseldorf, GermanyBackground: In type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM there is a progressive loss of β-cell function. One new approach yielding promising results is the use of the orally active dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4 inhibitors. However, every new compound for T2DM has to prove long-term safety especially on cardiovascular outcomes.Objectives: Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects of sitagliptin and vildagliptin therapy on main efficacy parameters and safety.Selection criteria, data collection, and analysis: Randomized controlled clinical studies of at least 12 weeks’ duration in T2DM.Results: DPP-4 inhibitors versus placebo showed glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (A1c improvements of 0.7% versus placebo but not compared to monotherapy with other hypoglycemic agents (0.3% in favor of controls. The overall risk profile of DPP-4 inhibitors was low, however a 34% relative risk increase (95% confidence interval 10% to 64%, P = 0.004 was noted for all-cause infection associated with sitagliptin use. No data on immune function, health-related quality of life and diabetic complications could be extracted.Conclusions: DPP-4 inhibitors have some theoretical advantages over existing therapies with oral antidiabetic compounds but should currently be restricted to individual patients. Long-term data on cardiovascular outcomes and safety are needed before widespread use of these new agents.Keywords: DPP-4 inhibitors, sitagliptin, vildagliptin, systematic review, meta-analysis

  15. Second world renewable energy assembly (WREA) 2007; 2. Weltversammlung fuer Erneuerbare Energien (WREA) 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    Hein).

  16. Initiation of conformal radiotherapy with a multileaf-collimator - An approach to clinical routine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bannach, B.; Doll, Th.; Pape, H.; Schmitt, G.

    1995-01-01

    The implementation of a three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy facility in the radiotherapy department of the Heinrich Heine University is described. Complex radiotherapy techniques with commercially available networked systems are introduced to improve clinical work. Over 18 month we have gained clinical experience with a PHILIPS Multileaf Collimator (MLC) mounted on a SL 25 linear accelerator. For a limited period the MLC was used as a conventional blocking device. The standard MLC-shapes are controlled with a stand-alone computer system. In addition, a three-dimensional treatment planning system (3-D-TPS / TMS-Radix, Helax AB) based on convolution/superposition algorithms was recently installed. Treatment optimization is achieved using static field arrangements with complete volumetric computerized tomographic patient data for 3-D-TPS. Conformal adaptation of the 95%-isodose to the Planning Target Volume (PTV, ICRU 50) results in MLC-field-shaping concerning size, position and contour to PTV-projection in beams-eye-view (BEV). Field prescription with defined leaf positions of the MLC-setting for geometrical beam shaping is transferred from TPS via TCP/IP. Patient treatment with complex coplanar and non-coplanar field arrangements is performed with an automatic set-up for gantry and collimator angle position contolled by a verification system. Quality assurance for treatment set-up is gained with a mega-voltage imaging device (MVI / PHILIPS SRI 100). Actual treatment outcome and accurate dose delivery for conformal therapy is verified by intercomparison of geometrical field matching of MVI and digitally reconstructed radiographs (DRR) for each delivered beam in BEV

  17. Critical appraisal of the role of fingolimod in the treatment of multiple sclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Warnke C

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Clemens Warnke1,2, Olaf Stüve3,4, Hans-Peter Hartung1, Anna Fogdell-Hahn2, Bernd C Kieseier11Department of Neurology, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany; 2Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; 3Department of Neurology, Dallas Veterans Affairs Medical Center, TX, USA; 4Department of Neurology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, TX, USAAbstract: This review summarizes Phase III clinical trial data available for fingolimod. The main purpose is to evaluate the benefit-risk profile of fingolimod, the first oral compound available for treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS and just recently approved by the European authorities. The authors place this evaluation in the context of the known safety and efficacy profile of established compounds for therapy of MS to outline the current and future potential of fingolimod. The authors conclude that only long-term safety data from post-marketing surveillance plans, together with additional head-to-head studies, would allow evidence-based treatment decisions. Furthermore, risk-profile analyses including patient history, exposure data to certain pathogens, and genetic analyses may potentially help to choose the right drug for individual patients in the future. Until these approaches toward an individualized medicine have been validated, treatment decisions for one or the other compound will have to be based partly on class IV evidence. Therefore, a close dialog with the well-informed patient, secured by effective risk mitigation plans, is required to choose the compound.Keywords: FTY720, oral drug, spingosine 1-phosphate receptor

  18. Validation of smoking cessation self-reported by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sander R Hilberink

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Sander R Hilberink1, Johanna E Jacobs1, Sanne van Opstal2, Trudy van der Weijden2, Janine Keegstra1, Pascal LJ Kempers3, Jean WM Muris2, Richard PTM Grol1, Hein de Vries41IQ Healthcare, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; 2Department of General Practice, Maastricht University, Research Institute CAPHRI, Maastricht, The Netherlands; 3Department of Health Risk, Analysis and Toxicology, 4Department of Health Promotion and Health, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The NetherlandsPurpose: The present study reports on the biochemical validation of the self-reported smoking status of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. The objective is to establish the proportion of overestimation of self-reported success rates.Methods: A cross-sectional smoking-status validation study including 60 patients with COPD who reported that they had stopped smoking. In the analysis of urine samples, a cut-off point of 50 ng/mL of cotinine was used.Results: At the time of biochemical validation, 55 patients reported that they had quit smoking while five patients resumed smoking. Smoking status was biochemically confirmed for 43 patients (78% and 12 patients (22% were classified as smokers. The sensitivity of the self-report of smoking was 29% and the specificity was 100%.Conclusion: Many primary care patients with COPD do not provide valid information on their smoking status, which hamper adequate therapeutic interventions. Integration of biochemical validation in daily care could overcome this problem, but may harm the doctor–patient relationship.Keywords: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, smoking cessation, biochemical validation, general practice, outcome measurement

  19. Dental and microbiological risk factors for hospital-acquired pneumonia in non-ventilated older patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria C Ewan

    Full Text Available We obtained a time series of tongue/throat swabs from 90 patients with lower limb fracture, aged 65-101 in a general hospital in the North East of England between April 2009-July 2010. We used novel real-time multiplex PCR assays to detect S. aureus, MRSA, E. coli, P. aeruginosa, S. pneumoniae, H. influenza and Acinetobacter spp. We collected data on dental/denture plaque (modified Quigley-Hein index and outcomes of clinician-diagnosed HAP.The crude incidence of HAP was 10% (n = 90, with mortality of 80% at 90 days post discharge. 50% of cases occurred within the first 25 days. HAP was not associated with being dentate, tooth number, or heavy dental/denture plaque. HAP was associated with prior oral carriage with E. coli/S. aureus/P.aeruginosa/MRSA (p = 0.002, OR 9.48 95% CI 2.28-38.78. The incidence of HAP in those with carriage was 35% (4% without, with relative risk 6.44 (95% CI 2.04-20.34, p = 0.002. HAP was associated with increased length of stay (Fishers exact test, p=0.01, with mean 30 excess days (range -11.5-115. Target organisms were first detected within 72 hours of admission in 90% participants, but HAP was significantly associated with S. aureus/MRSA/P. aeruginosa/E. coli being detected at days 5 (OR 4.39, 95%CI1.73-11.16 or 14 (OR 6.69, 95%CI 2.40-18.60.Patients with lower limb fracture who were colonised orally with E. coli/ S. aureus/MRSA/P. aeruginosa after 5 days in hospital were at significantly greater risk of HAP (p = 0.002.

  20. Temperature dependence of the electronic structure of semiconductors and insulators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poncé, S., E-mail: samuel.pon@gmail.com; Gillet, Y.; Laflamme Janssen, J.; Gonze, X. [European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility and Institute of Condensed Matter and Nanosciences, Université catholique de Louvain, Chemin des étoiles 8, bte L07.03.01, B-1348 Louvain-la-neuve (Belgium); Marini, A. [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Via Salaria Km 29.3, CP 10, 00016 Monterotondo Stazione (Italy); Verstraete, M. [European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility and Physique des matériaux et nanostructures, Université de Liège, Allée du 6 Août 17, B-4000 Liège (Belgium)

    2015-09-14

    The renormalization of electronic eigenenergies due to electron-phonon coupling (temperature dependence and zero-point motion effect) is sizable in many materials with light atoms. This effect, often neglected in ab initio calculations, can be computed using the perturbation-based Allen-Heine-Cardona theory in the adiabatic or non-adiabatic harmonic approximation. After a short description of the recent progresses in this field and a brief overview of the theory, we focus on the issue of phonon wavevector sampling convergence, until now poorly understood. Indeed, the renormalization is obtained numerically through a slowly converging q-point integration. For non-zero Born effective charges, we show that a divergence appears in the electron-phonon matrix elements at q → Γ, leading to a divergence of the adiabatic renormalization at band extrema. This problem is exacerbated by the slow convergence of Born effective charges with electronic wavevector sampling, which leaves residual Born effective charges in ab initio calculations on materials that are physically devoid of such charges. Here, we propose a solution that improves this convergence. However, for materials where Born effective charges are physically non-zero, the divergence of the renormalization indicates a breakdown of the adiabatic harmonic approximation, which we assess here by switching to the non-adiabatic harmonic approximation. Also, we study the convergence behavior of the renormalization and develop reliable extrapolation schemes to obtain the converged results. Finally, the adiabatic and non-adiabatic theories, with corrections for the slow Born effective charge convergence problem (and the associated divergence) are applied to the study of five semiconductors and insulators: α-AlN, β-AlN, BN, diamond, and silicon. For these five materials, we present the zero-point renormalization, temperature dependence, phonon-induced lifetime broadening, and the renormalized electronic band structure.

  1. The influence of the utilization time of brush heads from different types of power toothbrushes on oral hygiene assessed over a 6-month observation period: A randomized clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmickler, Jan; Wurbs, Sabine; Wurbs, Susanne; Kramer, Katharina; Rinke, Sven; Hornecker, Else; Mausberg, Rainer F; Ziebolz, Dirk

    2016-12-01

    This randomized clinical trial investigated the influence of the utilization time of brush heads from different types of power toothbrushes [oscillating rotating (OR) and sonic action (SA)93; on oral hygiene (plaque accumulation and gingival inflammation) over a 6-month observation period. 49 participants were randomly allocated into two groups: use of the same brush head over 6 months (NR: non-replacement) or replacement of brush head every 4 weeks over 6 months (R: replacement). Each group was subdivided into two subgroups according to kind of toothbrush (TB) used (OR and SA). Modified Quigley-Hein plaque index (QHI), papilla bleeding index (PBI), and gingival index (GI) were recorded at baseline and 2, 8, 12, 16, and 24 weeks after baseline. After 24 weeks, participants of both groups (R and NR) received a new brush head. At week 26, final QHI, PBI, and GI were recorded. QHI decreased between baseline and follow-up visits in R groups (P 0.05). There was no significant effect of time on PBI or GI in any of R subgroups (P> 0.05). In NR oscillating/rotating TB: significant increase in PBI and GI was detected 24 weeks after baseline (PBI: P= 0.02, GI: P= 0.03); sonic action TBs showed significant decrease in PBI at every follow-up visit (P< 0.05), except at 24 weeks after baseline (P= 0.73). GI was significantly decreased at 2 weeks after baseline only (P< 0.01). Six-month use of the same brush head reduced effectiveness in removing plaque, and gingival inflammation appeared to increase after a utilization time of over 4 months. Replacing brush heads is advised after 4 months.

  2. Medicinal plants used to treat TB in Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguta, Joseph Mwanzia; Appiah-Opong, Regina; Nyarko, Alexander K; Yeboah-Manu, Dorothy; Addo, Phyllis G A

    2015-06-01

    The current study was designed to document medicinal plant species that are traditionally used to treat tuberculosis (TB) by Ghanaian communities. The medicinal plants used against TB or its signs and symptoms were selected using library and online published data searches. A guided questionnaire interview was also conducted with a botanist involved in plant collection at the Centre for Scientific Research into Plant Medicine (CSRPM) at Mampong. Data obtained were entered in Excel and summarized into means and frequencies using SPSS 12.0.1 for windows, and expressed as tables and bar graphs. A total of 15 medicinal plant species distributed between 13 genera and 13 families were documented. The following medicinal plant species were found to be used against TB in Greater Accra and Eastern parts of Ghana: Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Stem bark (Meliaceae), Hygrophila auriculata Heine, whole plant (Acanthaceae), Chenopodium ambrosioides L. leaves (Amaranthaceae), Coix lacryma-jobi L. glumes (Poaceae), Solanum torvum Sw. unripe fruits (Solanaceae), Solanum torvum Sw. leaves (Solanaceae), Bidens pilosa L. whole plant (Asteraceae), Phyllanthus fraternus G.L. Webster leaves (Phyllanthaceae), Dissotis rotundifolia (Sm.) Triana, leaves (Melastomataceae), Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov. Leaves (Poaceae), Cyperus articulatus L. roots (Cyperaceae), Allium sativum L. bulb (Amaryllidaceae), Zingiber officinale Roscoe, rhizomes (Zingiberaceae), Allium cepa L. bulbs (Amaryllidaceae), Allium cepa L. leaves (Amaryllidaceae), Aloe vera var. barbadensis aqueous extract from leaves (Xanthorrhoeaceae), Aloe vera var. barbadensis organic extract from leaves (Xanthorrhoeaceae), Cocos nucifera Linn, water (Arecaceae) and Cocos nucifera Linn. Husk (Arecaceae). The collected plant species could be a source of a new class of drugs against TB. Bioactivity guided fractionation is recommended to identify lead compounds for antimycobacterial activity. The current paper documents for the first time

  3. Patient identified needs for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease versus billed services for care received

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jill Heins-Nesvold

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Jill Heins-Nesvold1, Angeline Carlson2, Leslie King-Schultz3, Kenneth E Joslyn41American Lung Association of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, USA; 2Data Intelligence Consultants, LLC, Eden Prairie, MN, USA; 3Mayo Medical School, Rochester, MN, USA; 4Medica Health Plan, Minnetonka, MN, USAAbstract: The American Lung Association of Minnesota (ALAMN was granted access to a 2004 administrative claims data from an upper mid-Western, independent practice association model health plan. Claims information, including demographics, prevalence, medication and oxygen therapy, and health care utilization, was extracted for 7,782 patients with COPD who were 40 years of age and older. In addition, ALAMN conducted a survey of 1,911 patients from Minnesota diagnosed with COPD. The survey queried the patients about demographics, treatment, medications, limitations, wants, and needs. This article compares and contrasts the information gained through the health plan administrative claims database with the findings from the COPD patient survey in areas of age, gender, types of provider primarily responsible for COPD care, spirometry use, medication therapy, pulmonary rehabilitation, oxygen therapy, and health care utilization. Primary care practitioners provided a majority of the COPD-related care. The claims evidence of spirometry use was 16%–62% of COPD patients had claims evidence of COPD-related medications. 25% of patients reported, and 23% of patients had claims evidence of, a hospitalization during the observation year. 16% of patients reported using pulmonary rehabilitation programs. The results indicate there is an opportunity to improve COPD diagnosis and management.Keywords: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, oxygen therapy, medication therapy, spirometry, chronic care, assessment

  4. Dental plaque removal with a novel battery-powered toothbrush.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biesbrock, Aaron R; Walters, Patricia; Bartizek, Robert D; Ruhlman, Douglas; Donly, Kevin J

    2002-04-01

    To compare the plaque removal efficacy of a positive control power toothbrush (Oral-B Ultra Plaque Remover) to an experimental power toothbrush (Crest SpinBrush) following a single use. This study was a randomized, controlled, examiner-blind, 2-period crossover design which examined plaque removal with the two toothbrushes following a single use in 38 completed subjects. Plaque was scored before and after brushing using the Turesky Modification of the Quigley-Hein Index. Baseline plaque scores were 1.89 and 1.91 for the experimental toothbrush and control toothbrush treatment groups, respectively. With respect to all surfaces examined, the experimental toothbrush delivered an adjusted (via analysis of covariance) mean difference between baseline and post-brushing plaque scores of 0.46 while the control toothbrush delivered an adjusted mean difference of 0.45. These results were not statistically significant (P=0.645). A 95% one-sided upper confidence limit on the Ultra Plaque Remover minus SpinBrush difference in amount of plaque removed was calculated as 9.4% of the Ultra Plaque Remover adjusted mean. A common criterion for what is known as an "at least as good as" test is that the 95% one-sided confidence limit on the product difference is below 10% of the control product mean. Using this criterion, the SpinBrush is at least as good as the Oral-B Ultra Plaque Remover. With respect to buccal and lingual surfaces, the experimental toothbrush delivered very similar results relative to the control toothbrush. These results were also not statistically significant (P> 0.564).

  5. Plaque removal efficacy of a battery-operated toothbrush compared to a manual toothbrush.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruhlman, C D; Bartizek, R D; Biesbrock, A R

    2001-08-01

    Recently, a new power toothbrush has been marketed with a design that fundamentally differs from other marketed power toothbrushes, in that it incorporates a round oscillating head, in conjunction with fixed bristles. The objective of this study was to compare the plaque removal efficacy of a control manual toothbrush (Colgate Navigator) to this experimental power toothbrush (Crest SpinBrush) following a single use. This study was a randomized, controlled, examiner-blind, 4-period crossover design which examined plaque removal with the two toothbrushes following a single use in 40 completed subjects. Plaque was scored before and after brushing using the Turesky Modification of the Quigley-Hein Index. Baseline plaque scores were 1.77 for both the experimental toothbrush and control toothbrush treatment groups. With respect to all surfaces examined, the experimental toothbrush delivered an adjusted (via analysis of covariance) mean difference between baseline and post-brushing plaque scores of 0.48 while the control toothbrush delivered an adjusted mean difference of 0.35. The experimental toothbrush removed, on average, 37.6% more plaque than the control toothbrush. These results were statistically significant (P< 0.001). With respect to buccal surfaces, the experimental toothbrush delivered an adjusted mean difference between baseline and post-brushing plaque scores of 0.54 while the control toothbrush delivered an adjusted mean difference of 0.42. This represents 27.8% more plaque removal with the experimental toothbrush compared to the control toothbrush. These results were also statistically significant (P= 0.001). Results on lingual surfaces also demonstrated statistically significantly (P< 0.001) greater plaque removal for the experimental toothbrush with an average of 53.4% more plaque removal.

  6. Fabrication and characterization of a rapid prototyped tissue engineering scaffold with embedded multicomponent matrix for controlled drug release

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen M

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Muwan Chen,1,2 Dang QS Le,1,2 San Hein,2 Pengcheng Li,1 Jens V Nygaard,2 Moustapha Kassem,3 Jørgen Kjems,2 Flemming Besenbacher,2 Cody Bünger11Orthopaedic Research Lab, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus C, Denmark; 2Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, Denmark; 3Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Odense University Hospital, Odense C, DenmarkAbstract: Bone tissue engineering implants with sustained local drug delivery provide an opportunity for better postoperative care for bone tumor patients because these implants offer sustained drug release at the tumor site and reduce systemic side effects. A rapid prototyped macroporous polycaprolactone scaffold was embedded with a porous matrix composed of chitosan, nanoclay, and β-tricalcium phosphate by freeze-drying. This composite scaffold was evaluated on its ability to deliver an anthracycline antibiotic and to promote formation of mineralized matrix in vitro. Scanning electronic microscopy, confocal imaging, and DNA quantification confirmed that immortalized human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC-TERT cultured in the scaffold showed high cell viability and growth, and good cell infiltration to the pores of the scaffold. Alkaline phosphatase activity and osteocalcin staining showed that the scaffold was osteoinductive. The drug-release kinetics was investigated by loading doxorubicin into the scaffold. The scaffolds comprising nanoclay released up to 45% of the drug for up to 2 months, while the scaffold without nanoclay released 95% of the drug within 4 days. Therefore, this scaffold can fulfill the requirements for both bone tissue engineering and local sustained release of an anticancer drug in vitro. These results suggest that the scaffold can be used clinically in reconstructive surgery after bone tumor resection. Moreover, by changing the composition and amount of individual components, the scaffold can find application in other

  7. Effectiveness of a sanguinarine regimen after scaling and root planing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tenenbaum, H; Dahan, M; Soell, M

    1999-03-01

    A variety of chemical agents have been evaluated relative to their abilities to inhibit dental plaque and to improve gingival health. Chlorhexidine gluconate is the best known and most widely used member of these agents, but its long-term use is compromised by different side effects, especially extrinsic tooth and tongue staining. Another agent, sanguinarine, which is currently used in both a mouthrinse and toothpaste, leads in some cases only to a transient burning sensation and could be used on a long-term basis. The purpose of this 14-week controlled clinical trial was to assess the effectiveness of a toothpaste and oral rinse containing sanguinaria extract after scaling, root planing and a chlorhexidine regimen. Sixty patients diagnosed as having adult periodontitis received initial periodontal therapy including scaling and root planing, followed by a 2-week oral care regimen which included rinsing with 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate oral rinse. Upon completion of this 2-week initial therapy phase, patients were randomly assigned to either sanguinarine toothpaste and oral rinse or to control toothpaste and oral rinse without sanguinarine. Plaque (modified Quigley-Hein index) and gingivitis (gingival index) were measured prior to periodontal therapy, at the end of the chlorhexidine phase (2 weeks), and after 8 and 14 weeks. Sanguinarine-containing toothpaste and oral rinse significantly inhibited the redevelopment of gingivitis through the 12 weeks following the chlorhexidine phase compared to the control toothpaste and rinse. Patients in the test group had 26% fewer bleeding sites at 8 weeks, and 32% fewer at 14 weeks, than the control group. Our results support the combined use of chlorhexidine mouthrinse for a short term (2 weeks) followed by sanguinaria mouthrinse and toothpaste up to 3 months in order to optimize the effectiveness of chlorhexidine without side effects. Further studies on the long-term effect of this combination should be established.

  8. Plaque removal efficacy of Colgate 360 toothbrush: A clinical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nageshwar Iyer

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this clinical study was to confirm the plaque removal efficacy of the Colgate 360 Whole Mouth Clean Toothbrush. Study Design: This was a single-center, monadic, case-controlled study with the 7 days duration. Materials and Methods: A total of eighty participants (56 male and 24 female aged between 18 and 45 years with a minimum of 20 permanent teeth (excluding the third molars without any prosthetic crowns and an initial plaque score of minimum 1.5 as determined by Modified Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (1970 participated in the study. There were two dropouts during the study duration, one male and one female. The participants were instructed to brush for 1 min, after which plaque index was recorded again. They were then instructed to brush their teeth twice a day for 1 min with the assigned toothbrush (Colgate 360 Whole Mouth Clean Toothbrush and a commercially available fluoride toothpaste for the next 7 days. On the 7 th day, all the participants were recalled for follow-up and plaque examination. The plaque index scores (pre- and post-brushing were recorded, tabulated, and analyzed statistically. Results: The mean plaque indices reduced after brushing both on day 1 and day 7. There was also a reduction in mean plaque indices from day 1 to day 7. All these reductions were statistically significant (P < 0.001. The reduction in plaque scores was independent of the gender of the participants however female participants showed lower scores as compared to male participants (P < 0.001. Conclusion: The present study demonstrated a significant reduction in plaque scores with the use of Colgate 360 Whole Mouth Clean Soft Toothbrush throughout the study period. Continued use resulted in a further significant reduction in plaque scores irrespective of the gender of participants.

  9. Effect of Achyranthes aspera, 0.2% Aqueous Chlorhexidine Gluconate and Punica granatum Oral Rinse on the Levels of Salivary Streptococcus mutans in 8 to 12 Years Old Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bansal, Aayushi; Marwah, Nikhil; Nigam, Anant Gopal; Goenka, Puneet; Goel, Deepak

    2015-11-01

    To study the effect Achyranthes aspera, 0.2% aqueous chlorhexidine gluconate and Punica granatum oral rinse on salivary Streptococcus mutans count in children. A total of 60 children of 8 to 12 years of age were randomly allocated into 3 groups. Group A was given 0.2% chlorhexidine mouthwash, group B was given 10% A. aspera mouthwash and group C was given 15% P. granatum mouthwash. The day 1 saliva samples were collected from the subjects and inoculated onto mitis salivarius bacitracin (MSB) agar. The colony counts were obtained by a clinical microbiologist who was blinded to the subject allocation. Plaque scores were then recorded by the investigator with the help of a volunteer. Following this, they received a thorough scaling and polishing. Subjects in each group were then provided with 140 ml of the respective mouthwash, as a daily supervised rinse after breakfast and before sleeping as per instructions. Following mouth rinsing, the children were instructed not to eat or drink for 15 minutes. At the 7th day, unstimulated saliva was again collected from the subjects of all 3 groups, inoculated onto MSB agar and colony count was obtained. Modified Quigley-Hein plaque index was also evaluated for the refreshed score at this stage. Colony counting was done using loop method and statistical analysis was done using Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) software version 21. All the three mouthwashes showed statistically significant reduction of S. mutans count and plaque index after 7 days, i.e. chlorhexidine (p granatum (p granatum was statistically significant with respect to reduction of S. mutans count with chlorhexidine being marginally better than the other two; All the three mouthwashes were found to be at par when plaque index values from baseline and after interception of 7 days was calculated; Punica granatum has better antimicrobial effect than A. aspera.

  10. Second world renewable energy assembly (WREA) 2007; 2. Weltversammlung fuer Erneuerbare Energien (WREA) 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    (Wolfgang Hein).

  11. Teatrul german din Cernăuţi (1803-1923

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alis Niculică

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Once with the occupation of Bucovina in 1774, the spreading of German culture was one of the many consequences. This was made through different ways, one of them, with a great impact, was the Theater. If at the beginning the theatre was promoted by various companies from the whole Empire, with the passing of the time, the theatrical institution becomes a reality when a special location was builded. From the most important companies which had performed at Chernovtsy (in most of the cases on improvised stages, we mention those leaded by Iosef Neuberg, Alois Heim, Alfred Hein, Franz Urbany, Constantin Loboiko, Lucian von Eysenbach, Gustav Sinnmayer, Jacques Kalvo, Louis Konderla. Only in 1878 has begun the construction of the building that would later be known as the Old Town Theatre, where local talents had the opportunity to affirm. The theatre had permanent seasons with a well chosen repertory. In 1905 a new building was constructed under the name of The New Town Theatre, being an architectural masterpiece of the architects Fellner and Helmer, where there were presented performances not only in German (performances that had biggest weight, but also in Polish, Romanian or Ukrainian. After the union between Bucovina and Romania in 1918, there were attempts of converting the German Theatre from Chernovtsy into National Theatre, this project being accomplished only at the beginning of the year 1923, as a result of some massive studentsstations. The presence of the German Theatre in Bucovina went a real progress for the Bucovinian culture, through her entering valuable literary works belonging to the German or universal literature.

  12. Effectiveness of Different Bristle Designs of Toothbrushes and Periodontal Status among Fixed Orthodontic Patients: A Double-blind Crossover Design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naik, Sandhya P; Punathil, Sameer; Shetty, Praveena; Jayanti, Ipsita; Jalaluddin, Md; Avijeeta, Anisha

    2018-02-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of different bristle designs of toothbrushes and the periodontal status among patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. This randomized controlled trial (RCT) consisted of 45 adolescents (comprising 20 males and 25 females) undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment. The study participants were randomly allocated to three groups, each group being assigned a locally available toothbrush with a particular design of toothbrush bristle. In the first test phase, group I study participants were allocated to toothbrush with flat bristles, group II study subjects were allocated to toothbrush with zigzag bristles, and group III study participants were allocated to toothbrush with crisscross bristles. The study participants were recalled after 4 weeks to check the effectiveness of the allocated toothbrushes. A washout period of 1 week was maintained to ensure that there was no carryover effect of the different bristle designs. In the second test phase, each patient used the opposite toothbrush bristle design (group I: toothbrush with zigzag bristles, group II: toothbrush with crisscross bristles, and group III: toothbrush with flat bristles). Plaque scores were measured using Turesky-Gilmore-Glickman modification of Quigley-Hein plaque index (PI). In both phase 1 and 2 of this RCT, toothbrush with crisscross bristles exhibited maximum plaque reduction among the three different bristle design toothbrushes following 30 days (p = 0.312 ± 0.102 and 0.280 ± 0.110, respectively), which was statistically significant. It was concluded that all the three designs of toothbrushes were effective in removing plaque in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances. But among the three different toothbrushes, toothbrush with crisscross bristles showed the highest mean plaque reduction. Plaque accumulation around the orthodontic brackets and gingival margins is quite common among the fixed orthodontic patients, who encounter

  13. Six-Month Evaluation of a Sodium Bicarbonate-Containing Toothpaste for Reduction of Established Gingivitis: A Randomized USA-Based Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jose, Anto; Pratten, Jonathan; Bosma, Mary-Lynn; Milleman, Kimberly R; Milleman, Jeffery L; Wang, Nan

    2018-03-01

    Short-term use of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3)-containing toothpaste reduces plaque and improves clinical measures of gingivitis. To examine this over a longer period, we compared efficacy and tolerability of twice-daily brushing for 24 weeks with 67% or 0% NaHCO3-containing toothpastes in USA-based participants with moderate gingivitis (Clinicaltrials.gov:NCT02207400). This was a six-month, randomized, examiner-blind, parallel-group, clinical trial. Investigators randomized adults with blood in expectorate after brushing and ≥ 20 gingival bleeding sites to 67% NaHCO3 (n = 123; n = 107 completed study) or 0% NaHCO3 (n = 123; n = 109 completed study) toothpastes. Primary efficacy variables included between-treatment differences in number of bleeding sites and Modified Gingival Index (MGI) score at 24 weeks. Secondary efficacy variables included Bleeding Index and Turesky modification of the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (overall and interproximal sites) at six, 12, and 24 weeks. A subset of 50 participants underwent sampling to assess plaque microbiology over the course of treatment. Compared with the 0% NaHCO3 toothpaste, the 67% NaHCO3 toothpaste produced statistically significant improvements at Week 24 in number of bleeding sites (46.7% difference) and MGI (33.9% difference), and for all other endpoints (all p < 0.0001). There was no significant between-treatment difference in the proportion of participants harboring opportunistic pathogens. Products were generally well tolerated, with two and five treatment-related adverse events reported in the 67% and 0% NaHCO3 toothpaste groups, respectively. Gingival bleeding, gingivitis, and plaque indices were significantly improved at six, 12, and 24 weeks with twice-daily brushing with 67% NaHCO3-containing toothpaste in participants with moderate gingivitis. Copyright© by the YES Group, Inc.

  14. [Occlusive aortic disease as coral reef aorta--experience in 80 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagban, A T; Grotemeyer, D; Rehbein, H; Sandmann, W; Duran, M; Balzer, K M; Grabitz, K

    2010-10-01

    Coral reef aorta (CRA) is described as rock-hard calcifications in the visceral part of the aorta. These heavily calcified plaques grow into the lumen and can cause significant stenoses, leading to malperfusion of the lower limbs, visceral ischaemia or hypertension due to renal ischaemia. From 1/1984 to 11/2008, 80 patients (26 m, 54 f, mean age 61.6, range 14 to 86 years) underwent treatment in the Department of Vascular Surgery and Kidney Transplantation, Heinrich-Heine-University Hospital for CRA. The present study is based on a review of patient records and prospective follow-up in our outpatient clinic. The most frequent finding was renovascular hypertension (n=33, 41.3%) causing headache, vertigo and visual symptoms. Intermittent claudication due to peripheral arterial occlusive disease was found in 35 cases (43.8%). 15 patients (18.8%) presented with chronic visceral ischaemia causing diarrhoea, weight loss and abdominal pain. 79 patients (98.7%) underwent surgery; in 73 (93.7%) aortic reconstruction was achieved with thromboendarterectomy, on an isolated suprarenal segment in 7 (9.3%), an infrarenal segment in 21 (26.6%), and the supra- and infrarenal aorta in 45 cases (60%). Desobliteration of renal arteries was performed in 47 (one-sided n=8, 10.1%; both arteries n=39, 49.4%); the aortic bifurcation was desobliterated in 37 (46.8%), extension into iliac arteries was necessary in 29 cases (one-sided n=4, 5.1%; both arteries n=25, 31.6%). The coeliac trunk was desobliterated in 43% (n=34), the superior mesenteric artery in 44.3% (n=35) and the inferior mesenteric artery in 20.3% (n=16). In 15 cases additional revascularisation (bypass, transposition, graft interposition) was necessary. Surgical access was via a left-sided thoracoabdominal incision in 56.4% (n=45) and via laparotomy in 41.8% (n=33). The 30-day lethality was 8.7% (n=7). Postoperative complications requiring corrective surgery occurred in 11 patients (13.9%). Almost ⅓ of the patients (n=19

  15. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. van Goor

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available - Peter Boomgaard, Christine Dobbin, Asian entrepreneurial minorities; Conjoint communities in the making of the world economy, 1570-1940. Richmond: Curzon Press, 1996, xiii + 246 pp. [Nordic Institute of Asian Studies Monograph Series 71.] - Ian Brown, Fukuda Shozo, With sweat and abacus; Economic roles of Southeast Asian Chinese on the eve of World War II, edited by George Hicks. Singapore: Select Books, 1995, xii + 246 pp. - Ian Brown, George Hicks, Chinese organisations in Southeast Asia in the 1930s. Singapore: Select Books, 1996, xv + 168 pp. - Matthew I. Cohen, Laurie J. Sears, Shadows of empire; Colonial discourse and Javanese tales. Durham/London: Duke University Press, 1996, xxi + 349 pp. - J. van Goor, Anthony Reid, Southeast Asia in the age of commerce 1450-1680. Vol. II: Expansion and crisis. New Haven/London: Yale University Press, 1993, xv + 390 pp. - J. van Goor, Anthony Reid, Southeast Asia in the age of commerce 1450-1680. Vol. I: The lands below the winds. New Haven/London: Yale University Press, 1988, xvi + 275 pp. - David Henley, Saya S. Shiraishi, Young heroes; The Indnesian family in politics. Ithaca/New York: Southeast Asia Program, Cornell University, Southeast Asia Program Publications, 1997, 183 pp. [Studies on Southeast Asia 22.] - Gerrit Knaap, P. Jobse, Bronnen betreffende de Midden-Molukken 1900-1942. Den Haag: Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis, 1997. 4 volumes. Rijks Geschiedkundige Publicatiën, Kleine Serie, 81, 82, 83, 84. Volume 1 bewerkt door P. Jobse, 2 en 3 door Ch.F. van Fraassen, 4 door Ch.F van Fraassen en P. Jobse. xii + 578, xii + 578, xii + 711, x + 655, xi + 261 pp., Ch. F. van Fraassen (eds. - Indro Nugroho-Heins, Clara Brakel-Papenhuyzen, Classical Javanese dance; The Surakarta tradition and its terminology. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1995, xi + 252 pp. [Verhandelingen 155.] - László Sluimers, Shigeru Sato, War, nationalism and peasants; Java under the Japanese occupation, 1942-1945. Armonk, New

  16. Effects of consuming alcohol mixed with energy drinks versus consuming alcohol only on overall alcohol consumption and negative alcohol-related consequences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Haan L

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Lydia de Haan,1 Hein A de Haan,2,3 Job van der Palen,4,5 Berend Olivier,1 Joris C Verster11Utrecht University, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht, 2Tactus Addiction Treatment, Deventer, 3Nijmegen Institute for Scientist-Practitioners in Addiction, Nijmegen, 4Medical School Twente, Medisch Spectrum Twente, Enschede, 5Department of Research Methodology, Measurement, and Data Analysis, University of Twente, Enschede, The NetherlandsBackground: The aim of this study was to examine differences in alcohol consumption and its consequences when consumed alone and when mixed with energy drinks.Methods: A survey was conducted among Dutch students at Utrecht University and the College of Utrecht. We collected data on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related consequences of alcohol consumed alone and/or alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AMED. The data were analyzed using a retrospective within-subject design, comparing occasions when subjects consumed AMED with those when they consumed alcohol only in the past 30 days.Results: A representative sample of 6002 students completed the survey, including 1239 who consumed AMED. Compared with consuming alcohol only, when consuming AMED, students consumed significantly fewer alcoholic drinks on an average drinking day (6.0 versus 5.4, respectively, and reported significantly fewer drinking days in the previous month (9.2 versus 1.4, significantly fewer days being drunk (1.9 versus 0.5, and significantly fewer occasions of consuming more than four (female/five (male alcoholic drinks (4.7 versus 0.9. The maximum number of mixed alcoholic drinks (4.5 in the previous month was significantly lower when compared with occasions when they consumed alcohol only (10.7. Accordingly, the mean duration of a drinking session was significantly shorter when mixing alcoholic drinks (4.0 versus 6.0 hours. Finally, when consuming AMED, significantly fewer alcohol-related consequences were

  17. Computer Vision Syndrome in Eleven to Eighteen-Year-Old Students in Qazvin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalaj

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Background Prolonged use of computers can lead to complications such as eye strain, eye and head aches, double and blurred vision, tired eyes, irritation, burning and itching eyes, eye redness, light sensitivity, dry eyes, muscle strains, and other problems. Objectives The aim of the present study was to evaluate visual problems and major symptoms, and their associations among computer users, aged between 11 and 18 years old, residing in the Qazvin city of Iran, during year 2010. Patients and Methods This cross-sectional study was done on 642 secondary to pre university students who had referred to the eye clinic of Buali hospital of Qazvin during year 2013. A questionnaire consisting of demographic information and 26 questions on visual effects of the computer was used to gather information. Participants answered all questions and then underwent complete eye examinations and in some cases cycloplegic refraction. Visual acuity (VA was measured with a logMAR in six meters. Refraction errors were determined using an auto refractometer (Potece and Heine retinoscope. The collected data was then analyzed using the SPSS statistical software. Results The results of this study indicated that 63.86% of the subjects had refractive errors. Refractive errors were significantly different in children of different genders (P < 0.05. The most common complaints associated with the continuous use of computers were eyestrain, eye pain, eye redness, headache, and blurred vision. The most prevalent (81.8% eye-related problem in computer users was eyestrain and the least prevalent was dry eyes (7.84%. In order to reduce computer related problems 54.2% of the participants suggested taking enough rest, 37.9% recommended use of computers only for necessary tasks, while 24.4% and 19.1% suggested the use of monitor shields and proper working distance, respectively. Conclusions Our findings revealed that using computers for prolonged periods of time can lead to eye

  18. Global Paleobathymetry for the Cenomanian-Turonian (90 Ma)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, A.; Olson, P.; Hinnov, L. A.; Gnanadesikan, A.

    2014-12-01

    , C., Steinberger, B., Heine, C., 2008a, Science, 319, 1357-1362. Scotese, C., 2011, PALEOMAP Project, Arlington, Texas. Turcotte, D., Schubert, G., 2002, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 456 p. Whittaker, J., Goncharov, A., Williams, S., Müller, R., Leitchenkov, G., 2013, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. DOI:10.1002/ggge.20181

  19. Non-imidazole-based histamine H3 receptor antagonists with anticonvulsant activity in different seizure models in male adult rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadek B

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Bassem Sadek,1 Ali Saad,1 Gniewomir Latacz,2 Kamil Kuder,2 Agnieszka Olejarz,2 Tadeusz Karcz,2 Holger Stark,3 Katarzyna Kieć-Kononowicz2 1Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates; 2Department of Technology and Biotechnology of Drugs, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland; 3Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Institute of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany Abstract: A series of twelve novel non-imidazole-based ligands (3–14 was developed and evaluated for its in vitro binding properties at the human histamine H3 receptor (hH3R. The novel ligands were investigated for their in vivo protective effects in different seizure models in male adult rats. Among the H3R ligands (3–14 tested, ligand 14 showed significant and dose-dependent reduction in the duration of tonic hind limb extension in maximal electroshock (MES-induced seizure model subsequent to acute systemic administration (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg, intraperitoneally, whereas ligands 4, 6, and 7 without appreciable protection in MES model were most promising in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ model. Moreover, the protective effect observed for ligand 14 in MES model was lower than that observed for the reference drug phenytoin and was entirely abrogated when rats were co-administered with the brain-penetrant H1R antagonist pyrilamine (PYR but not the brain-penetrant H2R antagonist zolantidine (ZOL, demonstrating that histaminergic neurotransmission by activation of postsynaptically located H1Rs seems to be involved in the protective action. On the contrary, PYR and ZOL failed to abrogate the full protection provided by 4 in PTZ model and the moderate protective effect by 14 in strychnine (STR model. Moreover, the experimental and in silico estimation of properties such as metabolism was

  20. Barotite média em tripulantes da aviação civil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bastos Adriana Geórgia Davim

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available O barotrauma da orelha média ou barotite média (BM é definido, segundo Armstrong & Hein, como uma inflamação traumática aguda ou crônica causada por alterações da pressão atmosférica. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é analisar os aspectos clínicos relacionados ao barotrauma da orelha média em tripulantes da aviação civil. DESENHO DO ESTUDO: Clínico retrospectivo. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foram avaliados 17 casos de BM no período de dezembro de 2002 a setembro de 2003, entre tripulantes atendidos no ambulatório de ORL do serviço médico da Fundação Ruben Berta/RJ (FRB/RJ. Em revisão dos prontuários foram colhidos e analisados dados relacionados ao sexo, idade, quadro clínico, evolução e tratamento. RESULTADOS: No total dos casos, 11 eram homens e 6 mulheres; idade média de 37,3 anos. Todos apresentaram otalgia durante a descida do avião. Catorze pacientes (82,4% apresentavam queixa de plenitude aural. Zumbidos ocorreram em 2 pacientes. No momento do vôo, onze pacientes (64,7% apresentavam quadro sugestivo de infecção de vias aéreas superiores associada. O barotrauma foi de grau 1 de Teed em 17,6% dos casos, grau 2 em 58,8% dos casos e 23,6% grau 3. Nenhum paciente apresentou BM grau 4. O tratamento foi conservador em todos os casos, sendo preferida à utilização de antibióticos, corticosteróides e descongestionantes, por via oral. CONCLUSÃO: A BM é uma doença peculiar à medicina aeroespacial e a otorrinolaringologia. A compreensão da fisiopatologia e mecanismos de prevenção do barotrauma da orelha média é fundamental para manejo adequado destes pacientes.

  1. Development and evaluation of a questionnaire to measure the perceived implementation of the mission statement of a competency based curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotthoff, Thomas; Ostapczuk, Martin Stefan; de Bruin, Judith; Kröncke, Klaus-Dietrich; Decking, Ulrich; Schneider, Matthias; Ritz-Timme, Stefanie

    2012-11-07

    A mission statement (MS) sets out the long-term goals of an institution and is supposed to be suited for studying learning environments. Yet, hardly any study has tested this issue so far. The aim of the present study was the development and psychometric evaluation of an MS-Questionnaire (MSQ) focusing on explicit competencies. We investigated to what extent the MSQ captures the construct of learning environment and how well a faculty is following--in its perception--a competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. A questionnaire was derived from the MS "teaching" (Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf) which was based on (inter-) nationally accepted goals and recommendations for a competency based medical education. The MSQ was administered together with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) to 1119 students and 258 teachers. Cronbach's alpha was used to analyze the internal consistency of the items. Explorative factor analyses were performed to analyze homogeneity of the items within subscales and factorial validity of the MSQ. Item discrimination was assessed by means of part-whole corrected discrimination indices, and convergent validity was analyzed with respect to DREEM. Demographic variations of the respondents were used to analyze the inter-group variations in their responses. Students and teachers perceived the MS implementation as "moderate" and on average, students differed significantly in their perception of the MS. They thought implementation of the MS was less successful than faculty did. Women had a more positive perception of educational climate than their male colleagues and clinical students perceived the implementation of the MS on all dimensions significantly worse than preclinical students. The psychometric properties of the MSQ were very satisfactory: Item discrimination was high. Similarly to DREEM, the MSQ was highly reliable among students (α = 0.92) and teachers (α = 0.93). In both groups

  2. A four-week clinical study to evaluate and compare the effectiveness of a baking soda dentifrice and an antimicrobial dentifrice in reducing plaque.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghassemi, Annahita; Vorwerk, Linda M; Hooper, William J; Putt, Mark S; Milleman, Kimberly R

    2008-01-01

    To evaluate and compare the effectiveness in reducing plaque of a fluoride dentifrice containing baking soda and a non-baking soda fluoride dentifrice containing an antimicrobial (triclosan/copolymer) system after a single brushing and over a four-week period of daily brushing. A total of 207 subjects completed this randomized, blinded, parallel-group clinical study. Twenty-four hour plaque buildup was scored at baseline and after two and four weeks of twice-daily use of the products. Additionally, controlled single brushing with the assigned dentifrice, followed by post-brushing plaque assessment, was performed at the start (baseline visit) and end (Week-4 visit) of the study. Plaque was scored using the Turesky, et al. modification of Quigley-Hein Index at six sites per tooth, according to Soparkar's modification. Mean baseline whole mouth plaque scores for the baking soda and triclosan dentifrice groups were 2.90 +/- 0.40 and 2.90 +/- 0.39, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant. Within-group analysis showed that both products significantly reduced the amount of plaque over the four-week period (p baking soda dentifrice exhibited significantly greater reduction in plaque scores (p baking soda dentifrice group (0.34 +/- 0.32) was 2.22-fold greater than that observed for the triclosan dentifrice group (0.15 +/- 0.24). Similarly, single brushing with the baking soda dentifrice showed a 1.88- to 2.08-fold greater pre- to post-brushing plaque difference as compared to the triclosan dentifrice at the baseline visit (mean plaque reduction: baking soda 0.54 +/- 0.26; triclosan 0.28 +/- 0.18; ratio 1.88X) and Week-4 visit (baking soda 0.47 +/- 0.21; triclosan 0.23 +/- 0.15; ratio 2.08X). Similar to the whole mouth scores, evaluation of various tooth sites (facial, lingual, proximal, and gingival) showed a significantly greater reduction in plaque scores for brushing with the baking soda dentifrice as compared to brushing with the triclosan

  3. Enhancement of plaque removal efficacy by tooth brushing with baking soda dentifrices: results of five clinical studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putt, Mark S; Milleman, Kimberly R; Ghassemi, Annahita; Vorwerk, Linda M; Hooper, William J; Soparkar, Pramod M; Winston, Anthony E; Proskin, Howard M

    2008-01-01

    An earlier clinical study demonstrated that brushing with a commercial Arm & Hammer dentifrice containing baking soda physically removed significantly more plaque than brushing with either of two commercial dentifrices which did not contain baking soda. However, little has been done to confirm these results and to compare baking soda-containing dentifrices with more recently commercialized non-baking soda dentifrice formulations. The objective of this study was to compare commercial dentifrices containing 20% to 65% baking soda and commercial dentifrices without baking soda in enhancing plaque removal efficacy of tooth brushing. Five randomized, controlled, blinded, crossover clinical studies were performed among healthy adult volunteers who provided informed consent. After approximately 24 hours without oral hygiene, subjects with sufficient plaque were enrolled in the study phase. Plaque was scored before and after supervised brushing for one minute using the Turesky, et al. modification of the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index at six sites per tooth according to Soparkar's modification as described by Lobene, et al. In each study, wash-out periods with a regular dentifrice not evaluated in the study separated each product treatment. In all studies, every dentifrice exhibited a significant (p baking soda dentifrices resulted in statistically greater (p baking soda. Results on other tooth surfaces, such as facial, lingual, proximal, and gingival surfaces also demonstrated statistically greater (p baking soda-containing dentifrices as compared to the baking soda-free dentifrices. In three of the studies comparing different levels of baking soda, brushing with dentifrices with higher concentrations of baking soda consistently removed numerically more plaque than those containing lower levels. In one of these three studies, the difference in plaque removal between the baking soda dentifrices reached statistical significance. The results suggest a positive relationship

  4. Effectiveness and tolerability of transdermal rivastigmine in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease in daily practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seibert J

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Johannes Seibert1, Ferenc Tracik2,3, Konstantin Articus2, Stefan Spittler41Outpatient Clinic, Heidelberg, Germany; 2Novartis Pharma, Nürnberg, Germany; 3Department of Neurology, Heinrich-Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany; 4Alexianer Krefeld, Maria Hilf Clinic, Krefeld, GermanyBackground: Oral cholinesterase inhibitors at doses efficacious for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD are often prematurely discontinued due to gastrointestinal side effects. In controlled clinical trials, transdermal rivastigmine demonstrated less such effects at similar efficacy. The current study aimed to verify the validity of this data in daily practice.Methods: This was a prospective, multicenter, observational study on transdermal rivastigmine in Germany. Eligible patients were those with AD who had not yet been treated with rivastigmine. Outcome measures were changes in clock-drawing test, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE, Caregiver Burden Scale, Clinical Global Impression (CGI, physicians’ assessments of tolerability, and the incidence of adverse events (AEs over 4 months of treatment.Results: In 257 centers 1113 patients were enrolled; 614 women and 499 men, mean age 76.5 years. In 58% of patients AD was treated for the first time and in 42% therapy was switched to transdermal rivastigmine, mostly due to lack of tolerability (13.6% or effectiveness (26.9%. After 4 months, 67.4% of patients were on the target dose of 9.5 mg/day and 21.8% were still on 4.6 mg/day. MMSE significantly improved in patients with and without pretreatment (ΔMMSE, 0.9 ± 3.4 and 0.8 ± 3.4, respectively, both P < 0.001; the CGI score improved in 60.9% and 61.3% of patients, respectively. Overall 11.7% of patients had AEs, mainly affecting the skin or the gastrointestinal tract; in 1.1% of cases AEs were serious; 14.7% of patients discontinued therapy, 6.0% due to AEs. With rivastigmine treatment the percentage of patients taking psychotropic comedication decreased

  5. Dental problems and emergencies of trekkers--epidemiology and prevention. Results of the ADEMED Expedition 2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Küpper, Thomas; Hettlich, Malaika; Horz, Hans-Peter; Lechner, Karin; Scharfenberg, Christine; Conrads, Georg; Yekta, Said S; Lampert, Friedrich; Gore, Claudia

    2014-04-01

    Dental problems are rarely mentioned in the training of medical students or physicians in travel medicine, and there are little data on dental problems of travellers in the literature. We studied the epidemiology of dental problems amongst trekkers in Nepal to develop strategies for preventive care during/before travelling and propose a curriculum for dental First Aid training. We undertook a prospective, cross-sectional questionnaire and clinical dental survey of Trekkers at Manang (3550 m, Annapurna Circuit, Nepal). The questionnaire was developed based on published literature and clinical experience (exploring: availability of dental kits, dental history, current dental problems, and nutritional behavior). Dental examination included: dental status, papillary bleeding index (PBI), and plaque index (Quigley and Hein; QH). Questionnaire and clinical findings were compared to data of the Annapurna Conservancy Authority about the number of days of trekkers in the region to estimate the incidence of dental problems of trekkers. None of the 309 participants carried a dental first aid kit. Dental problems, potentially treatable with a dental first aid kit, were reported by 50/309 (16.5%). Oral hygiene en route was significantly worse than home hygiene practice; overall increased plaque indices were found (Median QH: 2.25 in women; 2.36 in men). Participants who visited a dentist ≤6 months before departure had significantly fewer problems, and had lower PBI [males 0.07 (IQR 0.0 to 0.29), females 0.0 (IQR 0.0 to 0.11)]. Combining our findings with data of the park authorities on person days in the region (2007), we found a risk of dental problems as follows: any dental problem 1:23.7 trekking days; gingival bleeding 1:37.7 trekking days; dental pain 1:145.2 trekking days; lost fillings 1:339 trekking days; fractured teeth 1:509 trekking days. Dental problems can pose significant discomfort for anybody travelling in regions with low/missing infrastructure. Improved

  6. Remaining porosity and permeability of compacted crushed rock salt backfill in a HLW repository. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jobmann, M.; Mueller, C.; Schirmer, S.

    2015-11-15

    filling of the pore spaces with solution. In this context, the porosity range of < 3% has special significance. The relevant processes influencing the hydraulic parameters of the crushed salt backfill are still not described in sufficient detail. For the compaction of dry crushed salt, various theoretical constitutive approaches have been developed (Spiers et al., 1989, Hein, 1991, Zhang et al., 1993, Heemann, 2004) and verified within the scope of the BAMBUS project (Bechthold, 2004) where the porosity range 10%<φ<35% has been calibrated. The contribution of DBE TECHNOLOGY GmbH to the project consisted mainly of microstructural investigations and by applying discrete element computer codes to evaluate their applicability to simulate compaction processes. This work is described in this report.

  7. A randomized controlled clinical study of the effect of daily intake of Ascophyllum nodosum alga on calculus, plaque, and gingivitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Dijken, Jan W V; Koistinen, S; Ramberg, Per

    2015-07-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate, in a randomized controlled cross-over study, the effect of daily intake of the alga Ascophyllum nodosum on supragingival calculus, plaque formation, and gingival health over a 6-month period. Sixty-one adults with moderate to heavy calculus formation since their last yearly recall visit participated. In a randomized order over two 6-month periods, they swallowed two capsules daily, comprising a total of 500 mg dried marine alga powder (Ascophyllum nodosum, ProDen PlaqueOff®) or two negative control tablets. During the study, the participants maintained their regular oral habits. Their teeth were professionally cleaned at the start of each period and after the 6-month registrations. A wash out period of 1 month separated the two 6-month periods. Supragingival calculus (Volpe Manhold), gingivitis (Löe and Silness), gingival bleeding (Ainamo and Bay), and plaque (Quigley-Hein) were registered at screening and at the end of the two periods. Differences in oral health between the test and control periods were analyzed using a paired t test and Wilcoxon signed rank test. Fifty-five participants completed the study. After the alga intake, the mean calculus reduction was 52% compared to the control (p calculus formation in the alga group than in the control group. Plaque (p = 0.008) and gingival bleeding (p = 0.02) were also significantly less in the alga group. However, no significant difference was found between the groups for gingivitis (p = 0.13). The alga intake significantly reduced the formation of supragingival calculus and plaque and occurrence of gingival bleeding. The alga has a systemic effect on oral health. Daily intake of the alga Ascophyllum nodosum as an adjunct to customary oral hygiene showed a major reduction of supragingival calculus formation and reduced plaque formation. In addition, the calculus in the alga group was characterized by a more porous and less solid structure and was easier to remove

  8. Sylos Labini sobre Marx: implicaciones para la política económica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Cingolani

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available La presente colaboración aborda algunos aspectos postulados por Sylos Labini en su interpretación de la economía de Carlos Marx, sin duda polémica pero necesaria. Para ello se retoma la amplia discusión teórica realizada en torno a esos temas por varios académicos, que de una manera u otra, han participado e influido en dicho debate. Esta reflexión, importante en sí misma, se vuelve imprescindible en referencia a determinadas implicaciones de gran envergadura sobre la aplicación de la política económica impuesta en los últimos más de 25 años en la Unión Europea, bajo los estrechos criterios de la política fiscal y monetaria impuesta. El autor expresa su opinión a título personal. Este ensayo es una traducción realizada por Glenda Lao Largaespada y Michele Cingolani y revisada por el autor de un artículo publicado con el mismo título en el vol. 68, n. 269 (2015, pp. 81- 147 de Moneta e Credito. El trabajo desarrolla un informe presentado el 25 de Octubre de 2013 en Bolonia en la 54a Reunión Científica Anual de la Sociedad Italiana de los Economistas, que se desarrolló en una lección en la Universidad de Bérgamo el 9 de Mayo de 2014. Sin implicar su adhesión a las tesis presentadas, el autor desea agradecer a Jean-Luc Bailly, Riccardo Bellofiore, Claude Berthomieu, Luca Cefisi, Nadia Garbellini, Lorenzo Esposito, Joseph Halevi, Eckhard Hein, Stefano Lucarelli, Fabio Petri, Antonella Rancan, Roberto Romano, Alessandro Roncaglia, Andrea Salanti, Claudio Sardoni, Andrew Trigg, Jan Toporowski, Ariel Wirkierman, los referees anónimos y los traductores por los comentarios, críticas y apoyo recibidos. El autor asume plena responsabilidad por los errores que persistan.

  9. Ageing prisoners' health care: analysing the legal settings in Europe and the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bretschneider, Wiebke; Elger, Bernice; Wangmo, Tenzin

    2013-01-01

    Relatively little is known about the current health care situation and the legal rights of ageing prisoners worldwide. To date, only a few studies have investigated their rights to health care. However, elderly prisoners need special attention. The aim of this article is to critically review the health care situation of older prisoners by analysing the relevant national and international legal frameworks with a particular focus on Switzerland, England and Wales, and the United States (U.S.). Publications on legal frameworks were searched using Web of Science, PubMed, MEDLINE, HeinOnline, and the National Criminal Justice Reference Service. Searches utilizing combinations of keywords relating to ageing prisoners were performed. Relevant reports and policy documents were obtained in order to understand the legal settings in Switzerland, England and Wales, and the U.S. All articles, reports, and policy documents published in English and German between 1774 to June 2012 were included for analysis. Using a comparative approach, an outline was completed to distinguish positive policies in this area. Regulatory approaches were investigated through evaluations of soft laws applicable in Europe and U.S. Supreme Court judgements. Even though several documents could be interpreted as guaranteeing adequate health care for ageing prisoners, there is no specific regulation that addresses this issue completely. The Vienna International Plan of Action on Ageing contributes the most by providing an in-depth analysis of the health care needs of older persons. Still, critical analysis of retrieved documents reveals the lack of specific legislation regarding the health care for ageing prisoners. No consistent regulation delineates the provision of health care for ageing prisoners. Neither national nor international institutions have enforceable laws that secure the precarious situation of older adults in prisons. To initiate a change, this work presents critical issues that must be

  10. HbA1c for diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. Is there an optimal cut point to assess high risk of diabetes complications, and how well does the 6.5% cutoff perform?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kowall B

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Bernd Kowall, Wolfgang Rathmann Institute of Biometrics and Epidemiology, German Diabetes Center, Leibniz Center for Diabetes Research at Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany Abstract: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c has recently been recommended for the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM by leading diabetes organizations and by the World Health Organization. The most important reason to define T2DM is to identify subjects with high risk of diabetes complications who may benefit from treatment. This review addresses two questions: 1 to assess from existing studies whether there is an optimal HbA1c threshold to predict diabetes complications and 2 to assess how well the recommended 6.5% cutoff of HbA1c predicts diabetes complications. HbA1c cutoffs derived from predominantly cross-sectional studies on retinopathy differ widely from 5.2%–7.8%, and among other reasons, this is due to the heterogeneity of statistical methods and differences in the definition of retinopathy. From the few studies on other microvascular complications, HbA1c thresholds could not be identified. HbA1c cutoffs make less sense for the prediction of cardiovascular events (CVEs because CVE risks depend on various strong risk factors (eg, hypertension, smoking; subjects with low HbA1c levels but high values of CVE risk factors were shown to be at higher CVE risk than subjects with high HbA1c levels and low values of CVE risk factors. However, the recommended 6.5% threshold distinguishes well between subjects with and subjects without retinopathy, and this distinction is particularly strong in severe retinopathy. Thus, in existing studies, the prevalence of any retinopathy was 2.5 to 4.5 times as high in persons with HbA1c-defined T2DM as in subjects with HbA1c <6.5%. To conclude, from existing studies, a consistent optimal HbA1c threshold for diabetes complications cannot be derived, and the recommended 6.5% threshold has mainly been brought about

  11. Enhancing Executive Functions Among Dutch Elementary School Children Using the Train Your Mind Program: Protocol for a Cluster Randomized Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bervoets, Joachim; Jonkman, Lisa M; Mulkens, Sandra; de Vries, Hein; Kok, Gerjo

    2018-06-07

    -regulation of elementary school children, in a cost-effective manner. Netherlands Trial Register NTR5804; http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=5804 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6z9twosJ8). RR1-10.2196/7908. ©Joachim Bervoets, Lisa M Jonkman, Sandra Mulkens, Hein de Vries, Gerjo Kok. Originally published in JMIR Research Protocols (http://www.researchprotocols.org), 07.06.2018.

  12. Effect of roll compaction on granule size distribution of microcrystalline cellulose–mannitol mixtures: computational intelligence modeling and parametric analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazemi P

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Pezhman Kazemi,1 Mohammad Hassan Khalid,1 Ana Pérez Gago,2 Peter Kleinebudde,2 Renata Jachowicz,1 Jakub Szlęk,1 Aleksander Mendyk1 1Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Biopharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland; 2Institute of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany Abstract: Dry granulation using roll compaction is a typical unit operation for producing solid dosage forms in the pharmaceutical industry. Dry granulation is commonly used if the powder mixture is sensitive to heat and moisture and has poor flow properties. The output of roll compaction is compacted ribbons that exhibit different properties based on the adjusted process parameters. These ribbons are then milled into granules and finally compressed into tablets. The properties of the ribbons directly affect the granule size distribution (GSD and the quality of final products; thus, it is imperative to study the effect of roll compaction process parameters on GSD. The understanding of how the roll compactor process parameters and material properties interact with each other will allow accurate control of the process, leading to the implementation of quality by design practices. Computational intelligence (CI methods have a great potential for being used within the scope of quality by design approach. The main objective of this study was to show how the computational intelligence techniques can be useful to predict the GSD by using different process conditions of roll compaction and material properties. Different techniques such as multiple linear regression, artificial neural networks, random forest, Cubist and k-nearest neighbors algorithm assisted by sevenfold cross-validation were used to present generalized models for the prediction of GSD based on roll compaction process setting and material properties. The normalized root-mean-squared error and the coefficient of

  13. 2. Sino-German workshop on fuel cells. Book of abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    The CD-ROM contains the content of 13 lectures and 19 proposals for joint projects, which were presented on the second Sino-German Workshop on fuel cells. The topics of the 13 lectures are: Ab-initio calculations of oxygen species on low-index platinum surfaces (Pachenko, M.T.M. Koper, T.E. Shubina, S.J. Mitchell, E. Roduner). Cross-Linked (Composite) Polyaryl Blend Membranes for Membrane Fuel Cells. (J.A. Kerres, A. Ullrich, W. Zhang, M. Hein, V. Gogel, L. Joerissen, Th. Frey, A. Friedrich). Performance and Methanol Permeation of Direct Methanol Fuel Cells: Dependence on Operating Conditions and on Electrode Structure(V. Gogel, Th. Frey, K.A. Friedrich, L. Joerissen, J. Garche, Z. Yongsheng). Experimental Investigation of Flow Bed Configuration Effect on Performance of Liquid Feed Direct Methanol Fuel Cells. (H. Guo, C.F. Ma, M.H. Wang, F. Ye, J. Yu, Y. Wang, C.Y. Wang). Improvement of MEAs for DMFC by a tuned production sequence assisted by mathematical modelling (Lindermeir, G. Rosenthal, U. Kunz, U. Hoffmann). Performance of the self-breathing air DMFC with solution grafted PVDF-g-PSSA membranes (X. Qiu, G. Guo, W. Li, W. Zhu, L. Chen). Modeling the Effects of Methanol Crossover on DMFC (J. Zhang, Y. Wang). The characteristics of 40 kW PEM fuel cell engine for vehicle(M. Hou, P. Ming, H. Zhang). A New and Simple Method for Preparing Biocathode in Biofuel Cells (D. Sun, C. Cai, X. Li, W. Xing, T. Lu). Nonlinear Model Reduction of a Dynamic Two-dimensional Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Model (M. Mangold, M. Sheng). Recent Advances in Design and Fabrication of Low-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (C. Xia, G. Meng). Novel CVD Techniques for Micro- and IT-SOFC Fabrication (G. Meng, H. Song, Q. Dong, D. Peng). Fundamental properties of La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.2}O{sub 3-{delta}} at high temperatures (S. Wang, T.-L. Wen).

  14. Antidopaminergic medication in healthy subjects provokes subjective and objective mental impairments tightly correlated with perturbation of biogenic monoamine metabolism and prolactin secretion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veselinović T

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Tanja Veselinović,1,2 Ingo Vernaleken,1,2 Paul Cumming,3,4 Uwe Henning,5 Lina Winkler,1,2 Peter Kaleta,1,2 Michael Paulzen,1,2 Christian Luckhaus,6 Gerhard Gründer1,2,7 1Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics, Faculty of Medicine, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, 2Translational Brain Medicine, Jülich Aachen Research Alliance (JARA, Jülich, Germany; 3IHBI, School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology, 4QIMR Berghofer Institute, Brisbane, Australia; 5Neurobiochemical Research Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, 6LWL University Hospital Bochum, Department of Psychiatry, Division of Cognitive Neuropsychiatry and Psychiatric Preventive Medicine, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, 7Department of Molecular Neuroimaging, Central Institute of Mental Health, Mannheim, Germany Objectives: Off-label prescription of antipsychotics to patients without psychotic symptoms has become a routine matter for many psychiatrists and also some general practitioners. Nonetheless, little is known about the possibly detrimental effects of antidopaminergic medications on general psychopathology, subjective mental state, or a possible association with physiological parameters in nonpsychotic individuals.Methods: In this randomized, single-blinded study, groups of healthy volunteers (n=18 received low doses of reserpine, aripiprazole, haloperidol, or placebo on 7 successive days. Relevant physiological parameters (plasma prolactin, concentrations of catecholamine metabolites in plasma, and 24-hour urine and each subject’s mental state (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, visual analogue scale, Beck Depression Inventory II were assessed at the start and end of the trial.Results: Of the three active treatments, only reserpine caused a significant increase in some plasma- and urine-catecholamine metabolites, but all three medications evoked objective

  15. Recommendations for managing cutaneous disorders associated with advancing age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humbert P

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Philippe Humbert,1 Brigitte Dréno,2 Jean Krutmann,3 Thomas Anton Luger,4 Raoul Triller,5 Sylvie Meaume,6 Sophie Seité71Research and Studies Centre on the Integument (CERT, Clinical Investigation Centre (CIC BT506, Department of Dermatology, Besançon University Hospital, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France; 2Department of Dermato-Cancerology, Nantes University Hospital, Nantes, France; 3IUF-Leibniz Research Institute for Environmental Medicine, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany; 4Department of Dermatology, University of Münster, Münster, Germany; 5International Centre of Dermatology, Hertford British Hospital, Levallois, France; 6Geriatric Service, Wounds and Healing, Rothschild Hôspital, Paris, France; 7La Roche-Posay Dermatological Laboratories, Asnières, FranceAbstract: The increasingly aged population worldwide means more people are living with chronic diseases, reduced autonomy, and taking various medications. Health professionals should take these into consideration when managing dermatological problems in elderly patients. Accordingly, current research is investigating the dermatological problems associated with the loss of cutaneous function with age. As cell renewal slows, the physical and chemical barrier function declines, cutaneous permeability increases, and the skin becomes increasingly vulnerable to external factors. In geriatric dermatology, the consequences of cutaneous aging lead to xerosis, skin folding, moisture-associated skin damage, and impaired wound healing. These problems pose significant challenges for both the elderly and their carers. Most often, nurses manage skin care in the elderly. However, until recently, little attention has been paid to developing appropriate, evidence-based, skincare protocols. The objective of this paper is to highlight common clinical problems with aging skin and provide some appropriate advice on cosmetic protocols for managing them. A review of the

  16. Clinical efficacy of subgingivally delivered 0.5% controlled release azithromycin gel in the management of chronic periodontitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyagi, Prashant; Vaish, Shubhra; Dodwad, Vidya

    2011-06-01

    Recent developments suggest that the local delivery of antimicrobials into periodontal pockets can improve periodontal health. Azithromycin (AZM) has a wide antimicrobial spectrum of action toward anaerobic bacteria as well as Gram-negative bacilli. It is effective against periodontal pathogens such as Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis. Therefore, this study was undertaken to investigate the clinical effectiveness of AZM at 0.5% concentration in an indigenously prepared bioabsorbable controlled release gel as an adjunct to non-surgical mechanical therapy in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. Thirty sites in patients with chronic periodontitis and probing depth (PD) 4-6 mm were categorized randomly into two treatment groups: Scaling and root planing (SRP) plus 0.5% AZM gel (group 1) and SRP only (group 2). Clinical evaluation was undertaken using the Gingival Index (GI) of Loe and Silness and plaque was assessed using the Turesky et al. modification of Quigley Hein Index at baseline and 21 days. Pocket PD and clinical attachment level (CAL) were also measured. Results were expressed as mean±standard deviation and percentages and the data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 16.0, SPSS, Chicago, IL) software. Both therapies resulted in significant improvements. Mean reduction in GI from baseline to 21 days was 1.20±0.41 and 0.73±0.45 in group 1 and group 2, respectively. Plaque Index also improved through the study period in both groups, i.e., 0.86±0.51 in group 1 and 1.6±0.97 in group 2. Mean PD reduced significantly with SRP plus AZM gel application in group 1, i.e., 2.1±0.91 mm as compared to 1.0±1.06 mm achieved with SRP alone. A significant gain in mean CAL gain was observed in the test group (1.8±0.63 mm) as compared to control group (1.0±1.06 mm). Although both treatment strategies seem to benefit patients, the adjunctive use of 0.5% of AZM showed significant results.

  17. Co-firing of coal with biomass and waste in full-scale suspension-fired boilers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dam-Johansen, Kim; Frandsen, Flemming J.; Jensen, Peter A.; Jensen, Anker D. [Technical Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby (Denmark). Dept. of chemical and Biochemical Engineering

    2013-07-01

    The energy policy in Denmark has for many years focused on lowering the net CO{sub 2} emission from heat and power production by replacing fossil fuels by renewable resources. This has been done by developing dedicated grate-fired boilers for biomass and waste fuels but also by developing coal-based suspension-fired boilers to accept still higher fractions of biomass or waste material as fuels. This last development has been challenging of many reasons, including pre-treatment of fuels, and solving potential emission and operational problems during the simultaneous development of supercritical steam cycles with steam temperatures close to 600 C, providing power efficiencies close to 50% (Hein KRG, Sustainable energy supply and environment protection - strategies, resources and technologies. In: Gupta R, Wall T, Hupa M, Wigley F, Tillman D, Frandsen FJ (eds) Proceedings of international conference on impact of fuel quality on power production and the environment, Banff Conference Centre, Banff, Alberta, Canada, 29 Sept-4 Oct, 2008). For 25 years the CHEC (Combustion and Harmful Emission Control) Research Centre at DTU Chemical Engineering, has attained a leading role in research, supporting power producing industry, plant owners and boiler manufacturers to optimize design and operation and minimize cost and environmental impact using alternative fuels in suspension fired boilers. Our contribution has been made via a combination of full-scale measuring campaigns, pilot-scale studies, lab-scale measurements and modeling tools. The research conducted has addressed many issues important for co-firing, i.e. fuel processing, ash induced boiler deposit formation and corrosion, boiler chamber fuel conversion and emission formation, influence on flue gas cleaning equipment and the utilization of residual products. This chapter provides an overview of research activities, aiming at increasing biomass shares during co-firing in suspension, conducted in close collaboration with

  18. Comparative Efficacy of a Soft Toothbrush with Tapered-tip Bristles and an ADA Reference Toothbrush on Established Gingivitis and Supragingival Plaque over a 12-Week Period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallob, John; Petrone, Dolores M; Mateo, Luis R; Chaknis, Patricia; Morrison, Boyce M; Williams, Malcolm; Panagakos, Foti

    2016-06-01

    Evaluation of the efficacy of a soft toothbrush with tapered-tip bristles (Test Toothbrush) and an ADA reference soft toothbrush (ADA Toothbrush) on established gingivitis and supragingival plaque over a 12-week period. This randomized, single-center, examiner-blind, two-cell, parallel clinical research study assessed plaque removal by the comparison of pre- to- post-brushing after a single use, and again after six- and 12-weeks' use, using the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index, Turesky Modification. The study also assessed gingivitis after six weeks and 12 weeks using the Löe & Silness Gingival Index. Adult male and female subjects from the Central New Jersey, USA area refrained from all oral hygiene procedures for 24 hours. They reported to the study site after refraining from eating, drinking, and smoking for four hours. Subjects had the study procedure explained to them both orally and by written instructions. Subjects then gave written consent to participate before entry into the study. Following an examination for plaque (pre-brushing) and gingivitis (baseline), the subjects were randomized into two balanced groups, each group assigned to one of the two study toothbrushes. Subjects were instructed to brush their teeth for one minute under supervision with their assigned toothbrush and a commercially available fluoride toothpaste (Colgate© Cavity Protection Toothpaste), after which they were again evaluated for plaque (post-brushing). Subjects were dismissed from the study site with their assigned toothbrush and toothpaste, and instructed to brush twice daily at home for the next 12 weeks. The subjects were instructed to brush for one minute during each tooth brushing. The subjects reported to the study site after six weeks and 12 weeks of product use, at which time they were evaluated for plaque and gingivitis. Seventy-one (71) subjects complied with the protocol and completed the clinical study. Compared to the ADA Toothbrush, the Test Toothbrush provided

  19. Comparing caries risk profiles between 5- and 10- year-old children with cleft lip and/or palate and non-cleft controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sundell, Anna Lena; Ullbro, Christer; Marcusson, Agneta; Twetman, Svante

    2015-07-25

    Previous studies have suggested that children with oral clefts may have higher caries prevalence in comparison with non-cleft controls but the relative importance of the potential risk factors is not clear. The aim of this study was to compare the caries risk profiles in a group of cleft lip and/or palate (CL(P)) children with non-cleft controls in the same age using a computerized caries risk assessment model. The study group consisted of 133 children with CL(P) (77 subjects aged 5 years and 56 aged 10 years) and 297 non-cleft controls (133 aged 5 years and 164 aged 10 years). A questionnaire was used to collect data concerning the child's oral hygiene routines, dietary habits and fluoride exposure. Oral hygiene was assessed using Quigley-Hein plaque Index and the caries prevalence and frequency was scored according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System. Whole saliva samples were analyzed for mutans streptococci, lactobacilli, buffering capacity and secretion rate. The risk factors and risk profiles were compared between the groups with aid of Cariogram and the estimated risk for future caries was categorized as "high" or "low". Children with CL(P) (the entire study group) had significantly higher counts of salivary lactobacilli (p < 0.05) and displayed less good oral hygiene (p < 0.05). More 10-year-old children in the CL(P) group had low secretion rate but this difference was not significant. The average chance to avoid caries ranged from 59 to 67% but there were no significant differences between the groups. The odds of being categorized with high caries risk in the CL(P) group was significantly elevated (OR = 1.89; 95% CI = 1.25-2.86). In both groups, children in the high risk category had a higher caries experience than those with low risk. Children with CL(P) displayed increased odds of being categorized at high caries risk with impaired oral hygiene and elevated salivary lactobacilli counts as most influential factors. The results

  20. Two Randomized Clinical Studies to Confirm Differential Plaque Removal by Sodium Bicarbonate Dentifrices in a Single Timed Brushing Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mason, Stephen; Karwal, Ritu; Bosma, Mary Lynn

    2017-09-01

    This study evaluated and compared plaque removal efficacy of commercially available dentifrices containing sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) to those without NaHCO3 in a single timed brushing clinical study model. Two randomized, examiner-blind, three-period, three-treatment, crossover studies were performed in adults with a mean Turesky modification of the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (TPI) score of = 2.00. In Study 1, 60 subjects were randomized to commercially available dentifrices containing: (i) 67% NaHCO3 plus 1425 ppm fluoride (F) as sodium fluoride (NaF); (ii) 45% NaHCO3 plus 1425 ppm F as NaF; or (iii) 0% NaHCO3 plus silica and 1450 ppm F as NaF. In Study 2, 55 subjects were randomized to commercially available dentifrices containing: (i) 67% NaHCO3 plus 1425 ppm F as NaF; (ii) 0% NaHCO3 plus silica and 1400 ppm F as amine F/stannous F; or (iii) 0% NaHCO3 plus chlorhexidine/aluminum lactate and silica with 1360 ppm F as aluminum F. In both studies, subjects brushed their teeth for one timed minute under supervised conditions. Plaque was assessed pre- and post-brushing according to a six-site modification of the TPI. Mean TPI score was analyzed using an analysis of covariance model with treatment and study period as fixed effects, subject as a random variable, and pre-brushing score as a covariate. In both studies, mean TPI score decreased in all groups post-brushing compared with pre-brushing. In Study 1, statistically significant improvements in mean TPI score were reported with the 67% and 45% NaHCO3 dentifrices compared with the 0% NaHCO3 dentifrice (p = 0.0003 and p = 0.0005, respectively). In Study 2, improvements in mean TPI score were statistically significantly greater with the 67% NaHCO3 dentifrice compared with both 0% NaHCO3 dentifrices (p < 0.0001 for both comparisons). All dentifrices were generally well tolerated. A single timed brushing with commercially available dentifrices containing 67% or 45% NaHCO3 exerted a significantly greater effect on

  1. The Impact of Participation in Online Cancer Communities on Patient Reported Outcomes: Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Eenbergen, Mies C; van de Poll-Franse, Lonneke V; Heine, Peter; Mols, Floortje

    2017-09-28

    opportunities or possibilities to make this happen. ©Mies C van Eenbergen, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, Peter Heine, Floortje Mols. Originally published in JMIR Cancer (http://cancer.jmir.org), 28.09.2017.

  2. A Review of the Theoretical Basis, Effects, and Cost Effectiveness of Online Smoking Cessation Interventions in the Netherlands: A Mixed-Methods Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Kei Long; Wijnen, Ben; de Vries, Hein

    2017-06-23

    included a reward for abstinence. Interventions identified in the grey literature were less consistent, with inclusion of each theoretical factor ranging from 31% to 67% and of each behavior change technique ranging from 28% to 54%. Although the Internet may provide the opportunity to offer various smoking cessation programs, the user is left bewildered as far as efficacy is concerned, as most of these data are not available nor offered to the smokers. Clear regulations about the effectiveness of these interventions need to be devised to avoid disappointment and failed quitting attempts. Thus, there is a need for policy regulations to regulate the proliferation of these interventions and to foster their quality in the Netherlands. ©Kei Long Cheung, Ben Wijnen, Hein de Vries. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 23.06.2017.

  3. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available - Peter Boomgaard, Nancy Lee Peluso, Rich Forests, Poor people; Resource control and resistance in Java. Berkeley, etc.: University of California Press, 1992, 321 pp. - N. A. Bootsma, H.W. Brands, Bound to empire; The United States and the Philippines. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992, 356 pp. - Martin van Bruinessen, Jan Schmidt, Through the Legation Window, 1876-1926; Four essays on Dutch, Dutch-Indian and Ottoman history. Istanbul: Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut, 1992, 250 pp. - Freek Colombijn, Manuelle Franck, Quand la rizière recontre l ásphalte; Semis urbain et processus d úrbanisation à Java-est. Paris: École des hautes études en sciences sociales (Études insulindiennes: Archipel 10, 1993, 282 pp. Maps, tables, graphs, bibliography. - Kees Groeneboer, G.M.J.M. Koolen, Een seer bequaem middel; Onderwijs en Kerk onder de 17e eeuwse VOC. Kampen: Kok, 1993, xiii + 287 pp. - R. Hagesteijn, Janice Stargardt, The Ancient Pyu of Burma; Volume I: Early Pyu cities in a man-made landscape. Cambridge: PACSEA, Singapore: ISEAS, 1991. - Barbara Harrisson, Rolf B. Roth, Die ‘Heiligen Töpfe der Ngadju-Dayak (Zentral-Kalimantan, Indonesien; Eine Untersuchung über die rezeption von importkeramik bei einer altindonesischen Ethnie. Bonn (Mundus reihe ethnologie band 51, 1992, xv + 492 pp. - Ernst Heins, Raymond Firth, Tikopia songs; Poetic and musical art of a Polynesian people of the Solomon Islands. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (Cambridge studies in oral and literate culture no. 20, 1990, 307 pp., Mervyn McLean (eds. - Ernst Heins, R. Anderson Sutton, Traditions of gamelan music in Java; Musical pluralism and regional identity.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (Cambridge studies in ethnomusicology, 1991, 291 pp., glossary, biblio- and discography, photographs, tables, music. - H.A.J. Klooster, Jaap Vogel, De opkomst van het indocentrische geschiedbeeld; Leven en werken van B.J.O. Schrieke en J.C. van

  4. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Nagata

    1986-04-01

    : Stichting Internationaal Instituut voor sociale geschiedenis, 1985, xxviii + 210 pp., Margreet Schrevel (eds. - Jan van der Putten, Slamet Modiwirjo, Panglipur Ati (ed. Johan Sarmo & Hein Vruggink, Uitgegeven door de afdeling cultuurstudies van het Ministerie van Volksmobilisatie en cultuur (Suriname, 1983. - Jan van der Putten, Saleman Siswowitono, Dongèng Kancil; Het verhaal van kantjil (ed. J.J. Sarmo & H.D. Vruggink, Een uitgave van de afdeling cultuur studies van het Ministerie van cultuur, Jeugd en Sport (Suriname, 1983. - Jan van der Putten, Pamin Asmawidjaja, Djoko miskin; De arme jongeling (ed. J.J. Sarmo & H.D. Vruggink, Een uitgave van de afdeling cultuur studies van het Ministerie van cultuur, jeugd en sport (Suriname, 1983. - Jan van der Putten, Johan J. Sarmo, Cikal; Kalawarti Jawa-Suriname, Wonny Karijopawiro (redactie, Nummers 1 tot en met 4 (1: 1982; 2: mei 1983; 3: oktober 1983; 4: maart 1984., Sari Kasanpawiro, Hein Vruggink (eds. - S.C. van Randwijck, Th. van den End, De Gereformeerde Zendingsbond (1901-1961 Nederland-Tanah Toraja, een bronnenpublicatie, bewerkt door Dr. Th. van den End, 782 pp., 1985. - R. Roolvink, Judith Nagata, The reflowering of Malaysian Islam - Modern religious radicals and their roots, University of Columbia Press, Vancouver, 1984, xxv + 267 pp., 2 appendixes, index. - Roger Tol, Soenjono Dardjowidjojo, Vocabulary building in Indonesian: an advanced reader. Ohio University, Monographs in international studies, Southeast Asia series No. 64, 1984. XVII, 647 pp. - R.S. Wassing, Annegret Haake, Javanische Batik. Methode, Symbolik, Geschichte (Javanese Batik. Method, symbolism, history, Hannover: Verlag M. + H. Schaper (Textilkunst-Fach-schrifte, 1984. Bound, 128 pp., 24 colour ills., black and white ills., drawings. - R.S. Wassing, Inger McCabe Elliott, Batik. Fabled cloth of Java, New York: Clarkson N. Potter Inc., 1984. Bound, 240 pp., 128 colour ills., black and white ills., drawings. - R.S. Wassing, Alit Veldhuisen

  5. Digestion of energy and nutrients in Svalbard reindeer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans Staaland

    1988-06-01

    71, mose (P. schreberi og lav (hovedsaklig Cladonia alpestris og Cladonia rangiferina. Ved foring med reinfor (RF71 ble det funnet samme tørrstoff fordøyelighet hos Svalbardrein som tidligere rapportert fra norsk rein (75 versus 74%. Tilsvarende tall for råprotein var 74 versus 70%, P 72 versus 76% og Ca 18 versus 36%. Blanding av gras og siv hadde en høy tørrstoff fordøy elighet på 66.5%, mens tilgjengeligheten av Ca (12%, Mg (10% og P (-11% var lav. Tørrstoff-fordøyeligheten var lav (33% for C. delisei, men denne laven kan likevel være en god Ca-kilde. Smakeligheten av mose var lav (foropptak 174-252 g eller 9-13 g/kg0-75 per dag. Fordøy elighet av tørrstoff, råprotein og energi, respektive 48, 53 og 49% og tilgjengeligheten av P (66% og Ca (20% indikerer at moser kan være et signifikant tilskudd til mineralbalansen hos Svalbardrein som lever på en blandet diett.Energian ja ravintoaineiden käyttö huippu vuortenpeur alla.Abstract in Finnish / Yhteenveto: MAB:n asemalla Adventdalenissa Svalbardilola tehtiin ruokintakokeita viidellä huippuvuorten-peurauroksilla (Rangifer tarandus platyrhynchus Vrolik. Kokeessa käytettiin viitä eri ruokintaa, 1: pelle-toitu pororehu, RF 71, 2: heinäan ja saran seosta (pääasiassa Dupentia pelligera ja Eriophorum scheuchze-ri, 3: sammalta (Pleurozium schreberi, 4: Huippuvuorilla tavattavaa jäkälälajia, Cetraria delisei, 5: poro-rehua (RF 71, sammalta (P. schreberi ja jäkälää (pääasiassa Cladonia alpestris ja Cladonia rangiferina. Ruokittaessa RF 71 - rehulla huippuvuortenpeuralla kuiva-aineen (DM ja raaka proteenin (CP sulavuudet olisivat samat kuin aikaisemmin norjalaisilla poroilla mitatut (74 ja 75%, 74 ja 70%. Fosforin ja kalsiu-min saannit olivat vastaavasti 72 ja 76% ja 18 ja 36%. Heinän ja saran seos oli hyvin sulavaa. Kuiva-aineen sulavuus oli 66,5%, mutta kalsiumin, magnesiumin ja fosforin saanit oli alhainen (12, 10 ja 11% Jäkä-län (C delisei kuiva-aineen sulavuus oli alhainen (33%, mutta se

  6. Enrichment mechanisms of tellurium in ferromanganese crusts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakaguchi, A.; Sugiyama, T.; Usui, A.; Takahashi, Y.

    2012-04-01

    Marine ferromanganese crusts (FMCs) consist of iron (Fe) hydroxides and manganese (Mn) oxides with various minor and trace elements. Especially for tellurium (Te), which is recognized as one of the rare metals, it has been reported that this element is concentrated about 105 times in FMCs compared with earth's crust, and the host phase might be Fe (oxy)hydroxide (Hein et al., 2003). Actually, in our previous study, the high concentration of Te in very surface layers of FMCs was found from the top to halfway down of a seamount in the Pacific Ocean. However, the concentration of Te in surface layers through the seamount showed good correlation with that of Mn instead of Fe. In this study, we attempted to clarify the enrichment mechanism of Te in FMCs with some methods including X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) technique for synthesised /natural samples. Seventeen FMC samples were collected from the Takuyo-Daigo seamount, from 950 m (summit) to 3000 m in water depth, with hyper-dolphin (remotely operated vehicle) equipped with live video camera and manipulators. The growth rates of all FMC samples were estimated to be about 3 mm/Ma. Very surface layer (less than 1 mm) of all FMC was analyzed with XRD and XAFS to confirm the mineral composition and speciation of Te. Furthermore, to serve as an aid to clarify the adsorption mechanism of Te on FMCs, distribution coefficients (Kd) and oxidation states were determined through the adsorption experiments of Te(IV) and Te(VI) on ferrihydrite and δ-MnO2. In all the experiments, pH and ionic strength were adjusted to pH 7.5 and 0.7 M, respectively. The oxidation state of Te in water phase was determined with HPLC-ICP-MS. As for the analysis of oxidation and adsorption states on the solid phase, XAFS was employed. The major mineral composition of Fe and Mn had no significant variation through the water depth of Takuyo-Daigo seamount. The oxidation state of Te in all samples showed hexavalent, and there was no significant

  7. mHealth or eHealth? Efficacy, Use, and Appreciation of a Web-Based Computer-Tailored Physical Activity Intervention for Dutch Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomez Quiñonez, Stefanie; Walthouwer, Michel Jean Louis; Schulz, Daniela Nadine; de Vries, Hein

    2016-11-09

    participants receiving (t 182 =3.07, P=.002) and reading the feedback messages (t 181 =2.34, P=.02), as well as the clarity of the messages (t 181 =1.99, P=.049). We tested 2 Web-based computer-tailored physical activity intervention versions (mHealth and eHealth) against a control condition with regard to efficacy, use, usability, and appreciation. The overall effect was mainly caused by the more effective eHealth intervention. The mHealth app was rated inferior to the eHealth version with regard to usability and appreciation. More research is needed to assess how both methods can complement each other. Netherlands Trial Register: NTR4503; http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=4503 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6lEi1x40s). ©Stefanie Gomez Quiñonez, Michel Jean Louis Walthouwer, Daniela Nadine Schulz, Hein de Vries. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 09.11.2016.

  8. Historia de la Endocrinología en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Jácome Roca

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available

    La especialidad clínica de la endocrinología lleva ya más de medio siglo en nuestro país, y si nos ponemos a ver la actividad de algunos precursores, esta historia bien puede remontarse al siglo XIX.

    El académico Antonio Ucrós Cuellar se puso en la tarea de recopilar las actuaciones de los especialistas en problemas hormonales y en las actividades de las asociaciones científicas de este ramo de la medicina y para ello contó con la ayuda editorial de los endocrinólogos y discípulos suyos, Eric Hernández y Stella Acosta.

    Ucrós ha participado personalmente en el devenir histórico de la endocrinología en Colombia, como investigador de la problemática del bocio, como fundador de la Asociación Colombiana de Endocrinología y de la sección de endocrinología del Hospital de San José, que recientemente cumplió sus Bodas de Oro, y en la cual se han formado numerosos y distinguidos especialistas que ejercen en el país su profesión.

    Comentar esta obra viene como anillo al dedo en este número especial sobre endocrinología que publica la revista “Medicina” de la Academia. Este libro de 230 páginas recoge en su parte inicial los antecedentes históricos y los estudios sobre el bocio en el país que el autor tan elegantemente lideró, finaliza esta parte inicial con su propia versión de la endocrinología en Colombia, que comienza con él y otros eminentes especialistas como Hernán Mendoza Hoyos, Tomás Quintero, Alonso Gutiérrez, Jaime Cortázar, Efraím tero, Mario Sánchez Medina (en el campo de la diabetes, Iván Molina en Medellín, Alberto Jamis en Barranquilla, y el importante grupo de Cali donde figuraron entre otros Eduardo Gaitán, Heins Wahner (actualmente en la Clínica Mayo, William Jubiz y Matilde de Bernal, todos de talla internacional.

    Mi interés por la endocrinología se inició con las magistrales clases de Mendoza Hoyos en la Javeriana, sobre el tema de la Fisiología Endocrina

  9. Fractures, not Plumes, Have Controlled Major Seamount Volcanism in the Pacific over 170 Million Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Natland, J. H.; Winterer, E. L.

    2003-12-01

    shift laterally in response to whatever was occurring along its eastern spreading boundaries. A very consistent and strong stress regime therefore developed across the Pacific plate with a NNE direction of least principal stress. The change in stress orientation may have taken up to 10 million years, during an interval marked by little or no volcanic productivity at the western end of the Hawaiian chain. Since that time, the predominant alignment of both linear island chains and Puka Puka-type ridges, from the Kodiak-Bowie chain in the Gulf of Alaska to the Louisville Ridge south of the Antarctic convergence, has been orthogonal to this direction. Development of large-volume persistent chains and shorter small-volume chains indicates patterns of differential stress in the plate, variable fertility and geochemistry of the asthenosphere and/or shallow convective overturn of the asthenosphere rather than the action of mantle plumes of different sizes and depths of origin. Tapping of enriched mantle by widespread volcano clusters during the Mesozoic suggests the presence of a shallow asthenospheric source layer rather than multiple narrow conduits. (1) Hieronymus, C.F., and Bercovici, D. 2000. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 181, 539-554. (2) Davis, A.S., Gray, L.B., Clague, D.A., and Hein, J.R., 2002 Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 3: 10.1029/2001GC0000190, 1-28.

  10. Appropriateness of using a symbol to identify dementia and/or delirium: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hines, Sonia; Abbey, Jenny; Wilson, Jacinda; Sacre, Sandy

    2009-01-01

    Alzheimer's Australia contracted the Dementia Collaborative Research Centre - Consumers, Carers and Social Research to conduct a systematic review to explore the appropriateness of a symbol for dementia.The concept of a symbol for people with dementia was an outcome of the Alzheimer's Australia National Consumer Summit on Dementia held in Canberra in October 2005. People living with dementia and their carers identified that a national symbol would be helpful in order to encourage appropriate treatment of people with dementia.Funding was provided as part of the Australian Government's Dementia Initiative to Alzheimer's Australia to work in collaboration with the Queensland University of Technology and Catholic Health Australia to explore, through research, the viability and potential impact of such a symbol in a range of care settings. The main objective of this systematic review was to evaluate any published and unpublished evidence regarding the appropriateness of developing a symbol for dementia and/or delirium, which could be used in a variety of settings to indicate that a person has dementia and/or delirium. A literature search was performed using the following databases: Ageline, APAIS Health, CINAHL, Dissertations and Theses Abstracts, Embase, MEDLINE, PsycEXTRAS, PsycINFO, PsycArticles, Current Contents, LegalTrac, Health and Society, Sociological Abstracts, Family and Society, CINCH, and Hein Online databases. The reference lists of articles retrieved were hand searched, as well as a range of literature from health, legal, ethical and emergency services. Grey literature was searched for using a number of Internet sites, and personal email communication with authors of relevant studies and known researchers in the field was initiated. Papers were retrieved if they provided information about attitudes or perceptions towards the appropriateness of symbols, identifiers or alerts used to inform others that someone has dementia, delirium and/or another medical

  11. Personalized Web-Based Advice in Combination With Well-Child Visits to Prevent Overweight in Young Children: Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Grieken, Amy; Vlasblom, Eline; Wang, Lu; Beltman, Maaike; Boere-Boonekamp, Magda M; L'Hoir, Monique P; Raat, Hein

    2017-07-27

    used to evaluate the primary outcomes at 36 months of age. At 36 months, we observed no differences between health-related behaviors of children, BMI or the percentage of children having overweight or obesity in the control and intervention group (P>.05). An analysis of the intervention effect revealed that boys benefited from eating breakfast daily, non-Dutch children spent more time being active or playing outdoors, children of low-educated parents and of overweight and obese mothers spent less time watching TV or using the computer, and children of normal weight mothers drank less sweetened beverages (Pchildren's BMI. We conclude that the E-health4Uth Healthy Toddler intervention may be useful for pediatric health care professionals in terms of providing parents with personalized information regarding their child's health-related behaviors. Netherlands Trial Register: NTR1831; http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=1831 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6mm5YFOB0). ©Amy van Grieken, Eline Vlasblom, Lu Wang, Maaike Beltman, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Monique P L'Hoir, Hein Raat. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 27.07.2017.

  12. DIFFERENCES IN BODY COMPOSITION BETWEEN PRACTITIONAR COMBINED FITNESS AND PRACTITIONER PILATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nebojša Čokorilo

    2014-06-01

    favor of a person dealing with aerobics, which is the more common form of recreational exercise (Stojiljkovic et al, 2005. Regarding the influence of Pilates exercise on body composition, the results are divided. In a study where overweight women practiced this method for eight weeks, four times a week, there was a reduction of fat in the body (Cakmakci, 2011. References: Cakmakci, O. (2011. The Effect of 8 Week Plates Exercise on Body Composition in Obese Women. Collegium Antropologicum, 35(4, 1045-1050. Coggan, A. R., Spina, R. J., King, D. S., Rogers, M. A., Brown, M., Nemeth, P. M., Holloszy, J. O. (1992. Skeletal muscle adaptations to endurance training in 60- to 70-yr-old men and women. Journal of Applied Physiology, 72 (5, 1780-1786. Kenedy, C., Yoke, M., (2005. Methods of group exercise intruction. Illinois: Human Kinetics. Latey, P. (2001. The Pilates method, history and philosophy. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 5 (4, 275-282. Malnar, D., Šterbik, K., Fužinac-Smojever, A., Jerkovic, R., Bobinac, D. (2007. Pilates exercise technique. Medicine, 43, 241-245. Segal, N.A., Hein, J., Basford, J.R. (2004. The effects of Pilates training on flexibility and body composition: an observational study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 85(12, 1977-1981.

  13. The Effectiveness of a Computer-Tailored E-Learning Program for Practice Nurses to Improve Their Adherence to Smoking Cessation Counseling Guidelines: Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Ruijter, Dennis; Candel, Math; Smit, Eline Suzanne; de Vries, Hein; Hoving, Ciska

    2018-05-22

    moderating effects of baseline levels of behavioral predictors and counseling experience. More specifically, for PNs with less favorable scores on behavioral predictors (eg, low baseline self-efficacy) and high levels of counseling experience, the program significantly increased adherence. Results from our RCT showed that among PNs with more than average counseling experience, the e-learning program resulted in significantly better smoking cessation guideline adherence. Experienced PNs might have been better able to translate the content of our e-learning program into practically applicable counseling strategies compared with less experienced colleagues. Less favorable baseline levels of behavioral predictors among PNs possibly contributed to this effect, as there was more room for improvement by consulting the tailored content of the e-learning program. To further substantiate the effectiveness of e-learning programs on guideline adherence by health care professionals (HCPs), it is important to assess how to support a wider range of HCPs. Netherlands Trial Register NTR4436; http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/admin/rctview.asp?TC=4436 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/6zJQuSRq0). ©Dennis de Ruijter, Math Candel, Eline Suzanne Smit, Hein de Vries, Ciska Hoving. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 22.05.2018.

  14. Towards polarization measurements of laser-accelerated helium-3 ions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Engin, Ilhan

    2015-08-28

    In the framework of this thesis, preparatory investigations for the spin-polarization measurement of {sup 3}He ions from laser-induced plasmas have been performed. Therefore, experiments aiming at an efficient laser-induced ion acceleration out of a {sup 4}He gas target were carried out at two high-intensity laser facilities: the Arcturus laser at Heinrich-Heine-Universitaet Duesseldorf as well as PHELIX at GSI Darmstadt. The scientific goal of both experiments was to investigate the ion-acceleration process in underdense plasmas by measuring the ion energy spectra and the angular distribution of the ion signal around the gas-jet target. Laser-accelerated MeV-He-ions could successfully be detected. The main acceleration direction at large angles with regard to the laser propagation direction was determined. In a second step, unpolarized {sup 3}He gas was attached in order to cross-check the experimental results with those of {sup 4}He. With the help of the achieved ion yield data, the expected rates of the fusion reaction D({sup 3}He,p){sup 4}He in the polarized case have been estimated: the information regarding the fusion proton yield from this nuclear reaction allows an experimentally based estimation for future experiments with pre-polarized {sup 3}He gas as plasma target. The experimental data is in line with supporting Particle-in-Cell (PIC) simulations performed on the Juelich supercomputers. For this purpose, the simulated target was defined as a neutral gas. The use of pre-polarized {sup 3}He gas demands a special preparation of a polarized {sup 3}He target for laser-acceleration experiments. This layout includes an (external) homogeneous magnetic holding field (field strength of ∝1.4 mT) for storing the pre-polarized gas for long time durations inside the PHELIX target chamber. For this purpose, a precise Halbach array consisting of horizontally arranged rings with built-in permanent magnets had to be designed, optimized, and constructed to deliver high

  15. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2009-10-01

    Adelaar Saw Swee Hock, The population of Malaysia. (Gavin Jones Henk Schulte Nordholt and Fridus Steijlen (producers, Don’t forget to remember me; A day in the life of Indonesia. (Jean Gelman Taylor Karel Steenbrink, Catholics in Indonesia; A documented history. Volume I, A modest recovery 1808-1900; Volume 2 (with the cooperation of Paule Maas, The spectacular growth of a self-confident minority 1903-1942. (Chris de Jong Pamela J. Stewart and Andrew Strathern (eds, Exchange and sacrifice. (Toon van Meijl Hans Straver (samenst., Wonder en geweld; De Molukken in de verbeelding van vertellers en schrijvers. (G.J. Schutte Dendy Sugono et al. (eds, Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia Pusat Bahasa; Edisi keempat. (Hein Steinhauer Jacqueline Vel, Uma politics; An ethnography of democratization in West Sumba, Indonesia, 1986-2006. (Chris Lundry C.W. Watson, Of self and injustice; Autobiography and repression in modern Indonesia. (Roxana Waterson

  16. Variations of the Indian summer monsoon over the Mio-Pliocene recorded in the Bengal Fan (IODP Exp354): implications for the evolution of the terrestrial biosphere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galy, Valier; Feakins, Sarah; Karkabi, Elias; Ponton, Camilo; Galy, Albert; France-Lanord, Christian

    2017-04-01

    expansion in the Himalayan system. Hemipelagic sediments generally carry 13C enriched signatures indicative of C4-dominated source areas, and based on a combination of the wind field climatology and the wetness and ecosystems of source regions today, we suggest that these would likely represent wind transport, likely from peninsular India. Interestingly we found hemipelagic horizons carrying this enriched 13C character prior to the C4 expansion recorded in turbiditic sediments, likely revealing an earlier C4 colonization of peninsular India. Based on our preliminary data we thus propose that C4 plants colonized peninsular India around 9-10 Ma. The hydrogen isotopic composition of the same leaf-wax compounds reveals a surprisingly small (on the order of 10 ‰) isotopic shift associated with the late Miocene C4 expansion. In contrast, the hydrogen isotope composition shift observed across the last deglaciation is far greater (ca. 40‰; Hein et al., in prep.). Cores from site U1451, provide a low resolution record across at least the last 26 Myr and appear to indicate a long term hydrological change from ca. 11Ma to ca. 7Ma, as inferred from progressive D enrichment in the biomarker records. These compound specific hydrogen isotope data will be discussed in the context of changing erosion patterns and attendant variations in the strength of the Indian summer monsoon as well as with respect to the mechanisms that led to the C4 expansion.

  17. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana Waterson

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available - Donald F. Barr, J. Noorduyn, A critical survey of studies on the languages of Sulawesi, Leiden: KITLV Press, (Bibliographical Series 18, 1991, xiv + 245 pp., maps, index. - J. Boneschansker, H. Reenders, Alternatieve zending, Ottho Gerhard Heldring (1804-1876 en de verbreiding van het christendom in Nederlands-Indië, Kampen, 1991. - H.J.M. Claessen, Albert B. Robillard, Social change in the Pacific Islands. London & New York: Kegan Paul International. 1992, 507 pp. Maps, bibl. - Will Derks, J.J. Ras, Variation, transformation and meaning: Studies on Indonesian literatures in honour of A. Teeuw, Leiden: KITLV Press, (VKI 144, 1991, 236 pp., S.O. Robson (eds. - Will Derks, G.L. Koster, In deze tijd maar nauwelijks te vinden; De Maleise roman van hofjuffer Tamboehan, Vertaald uit het Maleis en ingeleid door G.L. Koster en H.M.J. Maier, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1991, 174 pp., H.M.J. Maier (eds. - Mark Durie, C.D. Grijns, Jakarta Malay: a multi-dimensional approach to spacial variation. 2 vols., Leiden: KITLV Press, ( VKI 149, 1991. - Jan Fontein, Jan J. Boeles, The secret of Borobudur, Bangkok, privately published, 1985, 90 pp. + appendix, 29 pp. - M. Heins, L. Suryadinata, Military ascendancy and political culture: A study of Indonesia’s Golkar. Ohio: Ohio University, Monographs in International Studies, Southeast Asia Series, no.85, 1989, xiii + 223 pp. - V.J.H. Houben, Ismail Hussein, Antara dunia Melayu dengan dunia kebangsaan. Bangi: penerbit Universiti kebangsaan Malaysia 1990, 68 pp. - Victor T. King, Aruna Gopinath, Pahang 1880-1933: A political history (Monograph/Malaysian branch of the royal Asiatic society, 18. - G.J. Knaap, J. van Goor, Generale Missiven van Gouverneurs-Generaal en Raden aan heren XVII der Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, IX: 1729-1737 (Rijks Geschiedkundige publicatiën, grote serie 205. ‘s- Gravenhage: Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis, 1988, xii + 895 p. - Otto D. van den Muijzenberg, John S. Furnivall, The

  18. A Web-Based and Print-Based Computer-Tailored Physical Activity Intervention for Prostate and Colorectal Cancer Survivors: A Comparison of User Characteristics and Intervention Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golsteijn, Rianne Henrica Johanna; Bolman, Catherine; Peels, Denise Astrid; Volders, Esmee; de Vries, Hein; Lechner, Lilian

    2017-08-23

    between initial Web-based (4/170, 2.4%) and print-based (11/79, 14%) participants. Participants were less likely to start Web-based with higher age (odds ratio [OR]=0.93), longer time since last treatment (OR=0.87), and higher fatigue (OR=0.96), and more likely with higher education (OR=4.08) and having completed treatments (OR=5.58). Those who were older (OR=0.93) and post treatment for a longer time (OR=0.86) were less likely to use Web-based intervention materials. Initial print-based participants predominantly used print-based materials, whereas initial Web-based participants used both print- and Web-based materials. To our knowledge, this is one of the first studies that assessed participant characteristics related to delivery mode in an intervention in which participants had a free choice of delivery modes. Use of print-based materials among the initial Web-based participants was substantial, indicating the importance of print-based materials. According to our findings, it may be important to offer Web- and print-based materials alongside each other. Providing Web-based materials only may exclude older, less educated, more fatigued, or currently treated participants; these groups are especially more vulnerable and could benefit most from PA interventions. ©Rianne Henrica Johanna Golsteijn, Catherine Bolman, Denise Astrid Peels, Esmee Volders, Hein de Vries, Lilian Lechner. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 23.08.2017.

  19. A Web-Based Training Resource for Therapists to Deliver an Evidence-Based Exercise Program for Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Hand (iSARAH): Design, Development, and Usability Testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srikesavan, Cynthia Swarnalatha; Williamson, Esther; Eldridge, Lucy; Heine, Peter; Adams, Jo; Cranston, Tim; Lamb, Sarah E

    2017-12-13

    exercise pictures and videos, and compatibility of iSARAH on various browsers and devices. We rectified all usability issues in the preliminary version to develop the final version of iSARAH, which included 4 short modules and additional sections on self-assessment, frequently asked questions, and a resource library. The use of the ADDIE design model and engagement of end users in the development and evaluation phases have rendered iSARAH a convenient, easy-to-use, and effective Web-based learning resource for therapists on how to deliver the SARAH program. There is also huge potential for adapting iSARAH across different cultures and languages, thus opening more opportunities for wider uptake and application of the SARAH program into practice. ©Cynthia Swarnalatha Srikesavan, Esther Williamson, Lucy Eldridge, Peter Heine, Jo Adams, Tim Cranston, Sarah E Lamb. Originally published in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (http://www.jmir.org), 13.12.2017.

  20. Anticonvulsant effects of isomeric nonimidazole histamine H3 receptor antagonists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadek B

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Bassem Sadek,1 Ali Saad,1 Johannes Stephan Schwed,2,3 Lilia Weizel,2 Miriam Walter,2 Holger Stark2,3 1Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates; 2Biocenter, Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany; 3Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Institute of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany Abstract: Phenytoin (PHT, valproic acid, and modern antiepileptic drugs (AEDs, eg, remacemide, loreclezole, and safinamide, are only effective within a maximum of 70%–80% of epileptic patients, and in many cases the clinical use of AEDs is restricted by their side effects. Therefore, a continuous need remains to discover innovative chemical entities for the development of active and safer AEDs. Ligands targeting central histamine H3 receptors (H3Rs for epilepsy might be a promising therapeutic approach. To determine the potential of H3Rs ligands as new AEDs, we recently reported that no anticonvulsant effects were observed for the (S-2-(4-(3-(piperidin-1-ylpropoxybenzylaminopropanamide (1. In continuation of our research, we asked whether anticonvulsant differences in activities will be observed for its R-enantiomer, namely, (R-2-(4-(3-(piperidin-1-ylpropoxybenzylaminopropaneamide (2 and analogs thereof, in maximum electroshock (MES-, pentylenetetrazole (PTZ-, and strychnine (STR-induced convulsion models in rats having PHT and valproic acid (VPA as reference AEDs. Unlike the S-enantiomer (1, the results show that animals pretreated intraperitoneally (ip with the R-enantiomer 2 (10 mg/kg were moderately protected in MES and STR induced models, whereas proconvulsant effect was observed for the same ligand in PTZ-induced convulsion models. However, animals pretreated with intraperitoneal doses of 5, 10, or 15 mg/kg of structurally bulkier (R-enantiomer (3

  1. Fluid Evolution During Mineralization of Atashkuh Fluorite-Barite (±Sulfide Deposit, South of Delijan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Javad Moghaddasi

    2016-07-01

    the Atashkuh deposit. Fluid inclusions are of several types: (1 two-phase, liquid-vapor (LV, two- phase aqueous with hydrohalite (LVHH, multiphase (SH, H2O-CO2 with clathrate (C1 and without clathrate (C2 were recognized and analyzed. The first ice melting temperature (Te of fluorite, barite and quartz two-phase aqueous (LV inclusions varies between -22°C and -25°C, representing a H2O ± NaCl ± KCl multiphase solution (Van den Kerkhof and Hein, 2001. The last ice melting temperatures of three samples (Tmice vary between -4.9°C to -9.7°C, -3.2°C to -7.2°C and -2°C to -4.8°C which indicate salinities of 7.7-13.6, 5.2-10.7 and 3.2-7.5 wt% NaCl equivalent for fluorite, barite and quartz. The final homogenization temperatures (Thtotal of these inclusions vary between 90 and 205 °C for fluorite, 130 to 270 °C for barite and 110 to 193 °C for quartz. The CO2 melting temperatures (TmCO2 of fluorite and quartz C1 inclusions show ranges of -57.1 to -58.5 °C which suggest the presence of CH4 and/or N2 impurities (Burruss, 1981. The clathrate melting temperature (Tmclath varies between 4.8 and 8.5 °C representing a salinity of 5.3 to 9.2 and 3 to 6.7 wt% NaCl equivalent for fluorite and quartz. The CO2 homogenization temperature (ThCO2 in these inclusions is 7.4 to 18.8 °C for fluorite and 13.4 to 27.5 °C for quartz. The homogenization temperature (Thtotal for these inclusions is 170-210 °C for fluorite and 195-280 °C for quartz. References Burruss, R.C., 1981. Analysis of phase equilibria in C–O–H–S fluid inclusions. Mineralogical Association of Canada Short Course, 6(3: 39-74. Ghorbani, M., 2013. The economic geology of Iran, mineral deposits and natural resources. Springer Netherlands, 569 pp. Thiele, O., Alavi, M., Assefi, R., Hushmand-zadeh, A., Seyed-Emami, K. and Zahedi, M., 1968. Explanatory text of the Golpaygan quadrangle map, scale 1:250,000. Geological Survey of Iran. Geological quadrangle E7, 24 pp. Van den Kerkhof, A.M. and Hein, U.F., 2001

  2. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Nederveen Pieterse

    1991-04-01

    övel, V. Heeschen (eds. - M. Heins, K. Epskamp, Populaire cultuur op de planken; Theater, communicatie en Derde Wereld. Den Haag: CSEO Paperback no. 6, 1989., R. van ‘t Rood (eds. - Huub de Jonge, Thomas Höllman, Tabak in Südostasien; Ein ethnographisch-historischer Überblick, Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 1988. Bibl., tab., ill., append., 233 pp., - Nico de Jonge, Jowa Imre Kis-Jovak, Banua Toraja; Changing patterns in architecture and symbolism among the Sa’dan Toraja, Sulawesi - Indonesia. Amsterdam: Royal Tropical Institute, 1988, 135 pp., Hetty Nooy-Palm, Reimar Schefold (eds. - L. Laeyendecker, Jeffrey C. Alexander, Durkheimian sociology: Cultural analysis, Cambridge etc.: Cambridge University Press, 1988, 227 pp. - Thomas Lindblad, W.A.I.M. Segers, Changing economy in Indonesia. A selection of statistical source material from the early 19th century up to 1940. Vol 8. Manufacturing industry 1870-1942. Amsterdam, 1987. 224 pp. - C.L.J. van der Meer, Akira Suehiro, Capital accumulation in Thailand 1855-1985, The Centre for East Asian Cultural Studies, Tokyo, 1989. xviii + 427 pp., maps, figs, app. - Niels Mulder, Nancy Eberhardt, Gender, power, and the construction of the moral order: Studies from the Thai periphery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, Monograph 4, 1988. viii + 100 pages, softcover. - Gert Oostindie, Jan Nederveen Pieterse, Wit over zwart; Beelden van Afrika en zwarten in de Westerse populaire cultuur. Amsterdam: Koninklijk Insituut voor de Tropen, 1990. 259 pp., ills. - Gert Oostindie, Raymond Corbey, Wildheid en beschaving; De Europese verbeelding van Afrika. Baarn: Ambo, 1989. 182 pp., ills. - R. Ploeg, Inga Clendinnen, Ambivalent conquests; Maya and Spaniard in Yucatan, 1517-1570, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. xi + 243 pp. - S.O. Robson, Luigi Santa Maria, Papers from the III European Colloquium on Malay and Indonesian Studies. Istituto Universitario Orientale, Dipartimento di Studi Asiatici

  3. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ? Parakitri

    1991-10-01

    Full Text Available - Joan D. van Andel, H.E. Coomans, Building up the the future from the past; Studies on the architecture and historic monuments in the Dutch Caribbean, Zutphen: De Walburg Pers, 1990, 268 pp., M.A. Newton, M. Coomans-Eustatia (eds. - Rene van den Berg, James N. Sneddon, Studies in Sulawesi linguistics, Part I, 1989. NUSA, Linguistic studies of Indonesian and other languages in Indonesia, volume 31. Jakarta: Badan Penyelenggara Seri Nusa, Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya. - Thomas Crump, H. Beukers, Red-hair medicine: Dutch-Japanese medical relations. Amsterdam/Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, Publications for the Netherlands Association of Japanese studies No. 5, 1991., A.M. Luyendijk-Elshout, M.E. van Opstall (eds. - M. Heins, Kees P. Epskamp, Theatre in search of social change; The relative significance of different theatrical approaches. Den Haag: CESO Paperback no. 7, 1989. - Rudy De Iongh, Rainer Carle, Opera Batak; Das Wandertheater der Toba-Batak in Nord Sumatra. Schauspiele zur Währung kultureller Identität im nationalen Indonesischen Kontext. Veröffentlichungen des Seminars fur Indonesische und Südseesprachen der Universität Hamburg, Band 15/1 & 15/2 (2 Volumes, Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 1990. - P.E. de Josselin de Jong, Birgit Rottger-Rossler, Rang und Ansehen bei den Makassar von Gowa (Süd-Sulawesi, Indonesien, Kölner Ethnologische Studien, Band 15. Dietrich Reimar Verlag, Berlin, 1989. 332 pp. text, notes, glossary, literature. - John Kleinen, Vo Nhan Tri, Vietnam’s economic policy since 1975. Singapore: ASEAN Economic research unit, Institute of Southeast Asian studies, 1990. xii + 295 pp. - H.M.J. Maier, David Banks, From class to culture; Social conscience in Malay novels since independence, Yale, 1987. - Th. C. van der Meij, Robyn Maxwell, Textiles of Southeast Asia; Tradition, trade and transformation. Melbourne/Oxford/Auckland/New York: Australian National Gallery/Oxford University Press. - A.E. Mills, Elinor Ochs

  4. FILOSOFI DAN PENERAPAN KONSEPSI BUNGA PADMA DALAM PERWUJUDAN ARSITEKTUR TRADISIONAL BALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Nyoman Widya Paramadhyaksa

    2016-09-01

    sacred flower in Hinduism and Buddhism. In Eastern art, padma is often used as a pedestal or character attributes of certain gods or goddess. In Bali, padma serves as the basic concept of the sacred structure form and eight directions. The splitting petals of padma are often associated with the presence of the eight cardinal directions guarded by eight major gods. This paper is a summary of the study which applied the methods of philosophical hermeneutics on the philosophy of padma and its relevance to the concept of the main wind direction known in the order of traditional Balinese architecture. In some parts, it is also described the application description of Padma concept various embodiments of the Balinese traditional architecture. The final result of this research shows that Padma concept applied on Bali island masterplan, Hindu temple mandalas, holy buildings and iconographic of traditional Balinese sacred statues. REFERENCES Altman, Nathaniel (2002. Sacred Water: The Spiritual Source of Life. New Jersey: Paulist Press. Beer, Robert (2003. The Handbook of Tibetan Buddhist Symbols. Chicago: Serindia Publications, Inc. Debroy, Bibek dan Dipavali Debroy (2005. The History of Puranas. New Delhi: Bharatiya Kala Prakashan. Dwipayana, A. A. G. N. Ari dan Putra, I Nyoman Darma (2004. Bali Menuju Jagaditha: aneka perspektif. Denpasar: Pustaka Bali Post. Eiseman, Fred B. dan Margaret H. Eiseman (1989. Bali, Sekala and Niskala: Essays on religion, ritual, and art. Volume 1. London: Periplus Editions. Gupte, Ramesh Shankar (1980. Iconography of the Hindus, Buddhists, and Jains. Delhi: D. B. Taraporevala Sons. Heine-Geldern, Robert (1956. Conceptions of State and Kingship in Southeast Asia. New York: SEAP Publications. Kapur, Sohaila (1983. Witchcraft in Western India. New Delhi: Orient Longman. MacDonell, Arthur Anthony (1974. A Prctical Sanskrit Dictionary: with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout. London: Oxford University Press. Manuaba

  5. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1992-01-01

    the Spanish by Phillip Berryman. Maryknoll NY: Orbis, 1988. xii + 151 pp. -Fernando Picó, John M. Kirk, Between God and the party: religion and politics in revolutionary Cuba. Tampa FL: University of South Florida Press, 1989. xxi + 231 pp. -Andrés Serbin, Carmen Gautier Mayoral ,Puerto Rico en la economía política del Caribe, Río Piedras PR; Ediciones Huracán, 1990. 204 pp., Angel I. Rivera Ortiz, Idsa E. Alegría Ortega (eds -Andrés Serbin, Carmen Gautier Mayoral ,Puerto Rico en las relaciones internacionales del Caribe, Río Piedras PR: Ediciones Huracán, 1990. 195 pp., Angel I. Rivera Ortiz, Idsa E. Alegría Ortega (eds -Jay R. Mandle, Jorge Heine, A revolution aborted : the lessons of Grenada, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1990. x + 351 pp. -Douglas Midgett, Rhoda Reddock, Elma Francois: the NWCSA and the workers' struggle for change in the Caribbean in the 1930's, London: New Beacon Books, 1988. vii + 60 pp. -Douglas Midgett, Susan Craig, Smiles and blood: the ruling class response to the workers' rebellion of 1937 in Trinidad and Tobago, London: New Beacon Books, 1988. vii + 70 pp. -Ken Post, Carlene J. Edie, Democracy by default: dependency and clientelism in Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle Publishers, and Boulder CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1991. xiv + 170 pp. -Ken Post, Trevor Munroe, Jamaican politics: a Marxist perspective in transition, Kingston, Jamaica: Heinemann Publishers (Caribbean and Boulder CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1991. 322 pp. -Wendell Bell, Darrell E. Levi, Michael Manley: the making of a leader, Athens GA: University of Georgia Press, 1990, 349 pp. -Wim Hoogbergen, Mavis C. Campbell, The Maroons of Jamaica, 1655-1796: a history of resistance, collaboration and betrayal, Granby MA Bergin & Garvey, 1988. vi + 296 pp. -Kenneth M. Bilby, Rebekah Michele Mulvaney, Rastafari and reggae: a dictionary and sourcebook, Westport CT: Greenwood, 1990. xvi + 253 pp. -Robert Dirks, Jerome S. Handler ,Searching for a slave

  6. Traffic deaths of reindeer in Finland during 1974 — 83

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauri Nieminen

    1985-05-01

    Kemi, jossa kuoli vuosina 1976—82 keskimaårin yli 115 poroa/10 km. Eniten poroja kuoli liikenteesså marras-, joulu- ja tammikuussa pehmeån lumen aikaan, jolloin porojen liikkuminen vaikeutui eniten. Kesållå kuoli liikentesså eniten poroja heinå—elokuussa. Touko—syyskuussa porokuolemien måårå maanteillå riippui eri kuukausina hieman ilman låmpotilasta (r=0,398. Koko poronhoitoalueella porokuolemien måårå riippui myos keskimååråisestå vuorokautisesta liikenteestå (r=0,445.Renarnas trafikdödlighet i Finland under åren 1974-1983Abstract in Swedish / Sammandrag: Under åren 1974—83 dog i trafiken i Finland sammanlagt 23.298 renar. Av dessa blev 19.692 påkorda (85,7% av bilar och 3.336 av tåg (14,3%. Under åren 1978—82 var merparten av de av bilar påkorda renarna vajor (52,2% och kalvar (24,6%. Renarnas landsvågsdodlighet koncentrerade sig till de små hårt trafikerade renbeteslagen i de mellersta och de sydliga delarna av renskotselområdet. Flest renar blev overkorda av bilar i Pudasjårvi, Kuusamo, Raudanjoki och Sodankyiå mårkesdistrikts renbeteslag. Den vårsta vågstråckan var riksvåg nr. 20 mellan Pudasjårvi och Taivalkoski, dår under åren 1978—82 sammanlagt 559 renar dog på en stråcka av 36 km. Den varsta jårnvågsstråckan var mellan li och Kemi, dår under åren 1976—82 i genomsnitt over 115 renar/10 km dog. Flest renar dog i trafiken i november, december och januari då snon var som mjukast och renarnas rorlighet forsvårades som mest. Under sommaren dog flest renar i juli—augusti. Under maj—september fanns det en korrelation mellan renarnas trafikdodlighet på landsvågarna och luftens temperatur (r=0,398. I hela renskotselområdet fanns det också en korrelation mellan rendodligheten och den genomsnittliga dygnstrafiken (r=0,445.

  7. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1996-07-01

    Full Text Available -Bridget Brereton, Emilia Viotti Da Costa, Crowns of glory, tears of blood: The Demerara slave rebellion of 1823. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. xix + 378 pp. -Grant D. Jones, Assad Shoman, 13 Chapters of a history of Belize. Belize city: Angelus, 1994. xviii + 344 pp. -Donald Wood, K.O. Laurence, Tobago in wartime 1793-1815. Kingston: The Press, University of the West Indies, 1995. viii + 280 pp. -Trevor Burnard, Howard A. Fergus, Montserrat: History of a Caribbean colony. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1994. x + 294 pp. -John L. Offner, Joseph Smith, The Spanish-American War: Conflict in the Caribbean and the Pacific, 1895-1902. London: Longman, 1994. ix + 262 pp. -Louis Allaire, John M. Weeks ,Ancient Caribbean. New York: Garland, 1994. lxxi + 325 pp., Peter J. Ferbel (eds -Aaron Segal, Hilbourne A. Watson, The Caribbean in the global political economy. Boulder CO: Lynne Rienner, 1994. ix + 261 pp. -Aaron Segal, Anthony P. Maingot, The United States and the Caribbean. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1994. xi + 260 pp. -Bill Maurer, Helen I. Safa, The myth of the male breadwinner: Women and industrialization in the Caribbean. Boulder CO: Westview, 1995. xvi + 208 pp. -Peter Meel, Edward M. Dew, The trouble in Suriname, 1975-1993. Westport CT: Praeger, 1994. xv + 243 pp. -Henry Wells, Jorge Heine, The last Cacique: Leadership and politics in a Puerto Rican city. Pittsburgh PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993. ix + 310 pp. -Susan Eckstein, Jorge F. Pérez-López, Cuba at a crossroads: Politics and economics after the fourth party congress. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1994. xviii + 282 pp. -David A.B. Murray, Marvin Leiner, Sexual politics in Cuba: Machismo, homosexuality, and AIDS. Boulder CO: Westview, 1994. xv + 184 pp. -Kevin A. Yelvington, Selwyn Ryan ,Sharks and sardines: Blacks in business in Trinidad and Tobago. St. Augustine, Trinidad: Institute of social and economic studies, University of the West Indies, 1992

  8. Editorial: Focus on Atom Optics and its Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt-Kaler, F.; Pfau, T.; Schmelcher, P.; Schleich, W.

    2010-06-01

    Atom optics employs the modern techniques of quantum optics and laser cooling to enable applications which often outperform current standard technologies. Atomic matter wave interferometers allow for ultra-precise sensors; metrology and clocks are pushed to an extraordinary accuracy of 17 digits using single atoms. Miniaturization and integration are driven forward for both atomic clocks and atom optical circuits. With the miniaturization of information-storage and -processing devices, the scale of single atoms is approached in solid state devices, where the laws of quantum physics lead to novel, advantageous features and functionalities. An upcoming branch of atom optics is the control of single atoms, potentially allowing solid state devices to be built atom by atom; some of which would be applicable in future quantum information processing devices. Selective manipulation of individual atoms also enables trace analysis of extremely rare isotopes. Additionally, sources of neutral atoms with high brightness are being developed and, if combined with photo ionization, even novel focused ion beam sources are within reach. Ultracold chemistry is fertilized by atomic techniques, when reactions of chemical constituents are investigated between ions, atoms, molecules, trapped or aligned in designed fields and cooled to ultra-low temperatures such that the reaction kinetics can be studied in a completely state-resolved manner. Focus on Atom Optics and its Applications Contents Sensitive gravity-gradiometry with atom interferometry: progress towards an improved determination of the gravitational constant F Sorrentino, Y-H Lien, G Rosi, L Cacciapuoti, M Prevedelli and G M Tino A single-atom detector integrated on an atom chip: fabrication, characterization and application D Heine, W Rohringer, D Fischer, M Wilzbach, T Raub, S Loziczky, XiYuan Liu, S Groth, B Hessmo and J Schmiedmayer Interaction of a propagating guided matter wave with a localized potential G L Gattobigio, A

  9. Geological setting of silica in Dehnow-Abid region (Eshghabad northeast using fluid inclusions studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Yazdanpanah

    2017-02-01

    , fine and coarse grains arkosic and lithic arkose sandstones (Tucker, 1994 that show low grade metamorphic texture which may be attributed to these sediments metamorphosed Jurassic age, but their equivalence is more with Shemshak forrnation (Aghanabati, 1994. Silica mineralization occurred as veins, veinlets and in some parts show silica mass of lense. In this area, there are two generations of faults with trends of northeast-southwest and north-south. Based on the geological section, the North – South faults is the second generation that cut system North-East to South-West faults (Kosari, 2004. In microscopic studies of fluid inclusions different characteristics such as their relationship with the host mineral, phase contents, size, shape, necking down and degree of filling were investigated. Microscopic investigates at room temperature, based on the criteria provided by Van den Kerkhof and Hein, 2001; Shepherd et al., 1985; Rodder, 1984 were performed. These studies indicated that as genetically point fluid inclusions in quartz area are able to divide into three groups (primary, secondary and pseudo secondary. The shapes of fluid inclusions are very different, but partly follow mineral crystallization system. Size of fluid inclusion varies between 5 to 120 microns, but most abundant fluid inclusions have size of 20 to 60 microns. According to a survey done on double polishing sections in laboratory conditions, the phase contents of fluid inclusions may be divided into six groups that include : monophase liquid (L, monophase vapor (V, two phases rich of liquid (L+V, two phases rich of vapor (V+L, three phases (L+V+S and immiscible liquid (L1+L2+V. The presence of CO2 around gas bubbles can represent metamorphism environments (Yardley and Bodnar, 2014; Van den Kerkhof et al., 2014. Heating analysis was done on 113 samples of fluid inclusions studied in order to investigate the situation homogenization temperature, and cooling analysis was done on 99 selected samples

  10. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1993-07-01

    the Caribbean. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 1990. xviii + 398 pp. -Ellen M. Schnepel, Max Sulty ,La migration de l'Hindouisme vers les Antilles au XIXe siècle, après l'abolition de l'esclavage. Paris: Librairie de l'Inde, 1989. 255 pp., Jocelyn Nagapin (eds -Viranjini Munasinghe, Steven Vertovec, Hindu Trinidad: Religion, ethnicity and socio-economic change. -Alvina Ruprecht, Selwyn R. Cudjoe, Caribbean women writers: Essays from the first international conference. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1990. xv + 382 pp. -J. van Donselaar, Michiel van Kempen et al, Nieuwe Surinaamse verhalen. Paramaribo: De Volksboekwinkel, 1986. 202 pp.''Suriname. De Gids 153:791-954. Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 1990. -J. van Donselaar, Literatuur in Suriname: nieuwe, nog niet eerder gepubliceerde verhalen en gedichten van Surinaamse auteurs. Preludium 5(3: 1-80. Michiel van Kempen (compiler. Breda: Stichting Preludium, 1988.''Verhalen van Surinaamse schrijvers. Michiel van Kempen (compiler. Amsterdam: De Arbeiderspers. 1989. 248 pp.''Hoor die tori! Surinaamse vertellingen. Michiel van Kempen (compiler. Amsterdam: In de Knipscheer, 1990. 267 pp. -Beth Craig, Francis Byrne ,Development and structures of creole languages: Essays in honor of Derek Bickerton. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1991. x + 222 pp., Thom Huebner (eds -William W. Megenney, John M. Lipski, The speech of the negros congos of Panama. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1989. vii + 159 pp. -Hein D. Vruggink, Clare Wolfowitz, Language, style and social space: Stylistic choice in Suriname Javanese. Champaign; University of Illinois Press, 1992. viii + 265 pp. -Keith A.P. Sandiford, Brian Douglas Tennyson, Canadian-Caribbean relations: Aspects of a relationship. Sydney, Nova Scotia: Centre for international studies, 1990. vii + 379 pp. -Gloria Cumper, Philip Sherlock ,The University of the West Indies: A Caribbean response to the challenge of change. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1990. viii + 315 pp

  11. Dom Casmurro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agripino Grieco

    2011-12-01

    , Machado de Assis, de 1959, e Viagem em torno a Machado de Assis, de 1969. Nos seus ensaios, às vezes dá a impressão de ter escolhido franca e deliberadamente a contramão. No primeiro livro dedicado a Machado, chegou a autoproclamar-se herético e blasfemo. No segundo, recorrendo a Brunetière, justificou-se dizendo que "estimular uns tantos à heresia literária é a melhor maneira de fazê-los apreciar as razões de sua ortodoxia". Em ambos os livros, o crítico atribui sua dificuldade de adesão ao culto a Machado à frequentação tardia do escritor carioca - "todo o meu mal consistiu em bater à porta do mestre do Cosme Velho depois de longa visita àqueles que o haviam ajudado a formar-se: Diderot, Voltaire, Mérimée, Flaubert. Vir assim das cidades europeias para o Rio... Se eu o lesse integralmente nos tempos de rapaz, provavelmente sentiria outro afeto por ele." Entretanto, nem tudo ficou dissolvido pela sua pena ácida. Leitor voraz e erudito, Agripino Grieco contribuiu para revelar a estatura internacional do escritor brasileiro, comparando-o, entre outros, com Swift, Diderot, Heine e Flaubert, como fizeram outros críticos mais jovens que ele, tais como Augusto Meyer e Eugênio Gomes, que entre as décadas de 1930 e 1950 contribuíram para incluir a obra machadiana no âmbito dos estudos comparados. Conhecedor profundo da vida, que esmiúça, e da obra, que percorreu de cabo a rabo e em todos os seus gêneros, sem preconceito nem mesmo com a produção inicial do escritor, Agripino traz em seus textos informações preciosas e insights que ainda hoje podem interessar a pesquisadores e críticos. Com a publicação do ensaio sobre Dom Casmurro, extraído do livro de 1959, Machado de Assis em linha presta homenagem à voz dissonante, erudita e hoje pouco lembrada de Agripino Grieco, morto em 1973. Oferece também aos leitores a oportunidade de conhecer a produção desse crítico provocador, que contribuiu para temperar um pouco a machadolatria às vezes

  12. Using geoinformatics and cultural anthropology to identify links between land change, driving forces and actors in the Okavango catchment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Röder, Achim; Stellmes, Marion; Pröpper, Michael; Schneibel, Anne

    2015-04-01

    The recent acceleration of land use transformations, coupled with an increasing global population has manifested in an alteration of almost all terrestrial ecosystems (Millenium Ecosystem Assessment 2005). In particular, the extension and intensification of agricultural and pastoral uses has supported unprecedented rates of population growth (Ellis and Ramankutty 2008). However, this development stands opposed to increased greenhouse gas emissions, declining biodiversity, declining air quality and increasing soil degradation, being reflected in the general reduction in ecosystem services and functions (Sala, Chapin III et al. 2000; Butchart, Walpole et al. 2010; Banwart 2011; Lal 2013). Such global change processes are to a large degree driven by land-use transformations or modifications (Foley, Defries et al. 2005). These are in turn a result of the complex interaction of factors playing out at different scales, varying from global market dynamics through national policies to regional planning and local traditions (Hein, van Koppen et al. 2006). The Okavango Basin represents a highly complex social-ecological system, where the variation in physio-geographic characteristics is reflected by manifold livelihood strategies in the three adjacent countries Angola, Namibia and Botswana. In mostly rural areas, small-scale subsistence agriculture, livestock-keeping and the utilization of natural resources such as thatch grass, timber, fruits etc. have traditionally formed the basis for human well-being. These strategies are juxtaposed by recent urban and transportation infrastructure developments, the expansion of commodity markets, the creation of commercial irrigated farming schemes and dams for energy production, or the growing role of tourism, in particular in the Delta region, as a major source of income generation. At present, the three countries bordering the river have individual legislations governing the use of natural resources, which usually originate at

  13. FOREWORD: Some thoughts about Jürgen Hafner's work in computational materials science Some thoughts about Jürgen Hafner's work in computational materials science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heine, Volker

    2011-10-01

    and Kresse G 1994 Structral and electronic properties of clean and hydrogenated diamond (100) surfaces Europhys. Lett. 28 659-64 [10] Krajčí and Hafner J 2008 Ab-initio studies of quasicrystalline surfaces Quasicrystals (Handbook of Metal Physics vol 2) ed T Fujiwara and Y Ishii (Amsterdam: Elsevier) chapter 9, pp 313-55 [11] Raybaud P, Hafner J, Kresse G, Kasztelan S and Toulhoat H 2000 Structure, energetics and electronic properties of the surface of a promoted MoS2 catalyst: an ab-initio local-density-functional study J. Catalysis 190 128-43 [12] Hafner J, Benco L and Bucko T 2006 Acid-based catalysis in zeolites investigated by density-functional methods Top. Catalysis 37 41-54 [13] Hafner J 1989 Formation of polyanionic clusters in liquid potassium-lead alloys: a molecular-dynamics study J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 1 1133-40 [14] Meeks P E 1976 Vibrational spectra and topological structure of tetrahedrally bonded amorphous semiconductors Phil. Mag. 33 897-908 [15] See articles by Heine V, Bullet D, Haydock R and Kelly M J 1980 Solid State Physics—Advances in Research and Applications vol 35, ed H Ehrenreich, D Turnbull and F Seitz (New York: Academic) [16] Hafner J 1980 The dynamical properties of metallic glasses Liquids and Amorphous Metals (NATO-ASI Ser. E vol 36) ed E Lüscher and H Coufal (Sijthoff and Nordhoff: Alpen van Rijn) pp 199-209 [17] Hafner J 1987 From Hamiltonians to Phase Diagrams—The Electronic and Statistical-Mechanical Theory of sp-Bonded Metals and Alloys (Solid State Sciences Series vol 70) (Berlin: Springer) p 415 [18] Hafner J and Heine V 1983 The crystal structure of the elements: pseudopotential theory revisited J. Phys. F: Met. Phys. 13 2479-501 [19] Hafner J and Kahl G 1984 The structure of the elements in the liquid state J. Phys. F: Met. Phys. 14 2259-78 [20] Denton A R and Hafner J 1997 Thermodynamically stable one-component quasicrystals: a density-functional survey of relative stabilities Phys. Rev. B 56 2469-82 [21] Hafner J

  14. Effects of forest fertilization on nitrate and crude protein content in some important reindeer forage species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustaf Åhman

    1984-05-01

    å hosten var mycket liten. Ett år efter gödsling registrerades en förhöjning av råproteinhalten med ett par procentenheter i ris och kruståtel (tabell 3. En viss effekt kvarstod fortfarande efter tre år. Gödslingen medförde en mycket kraftig vegetativ utveckling av kruståtel. Detta resulterade bland annat i att kruståteln bildade en matta av vissnade blad och strån på hosten (bild 3 - 5.Metsånlannoituksen vaikutusjoidenkintårkeiden poronlaidunkasvien nitraatti- ja raakavalkuaispitoisuuksiin.Abstract in Finnish / Yhteenveto: Lannoitettaessa metsiå joilla laiduunetaan poroja voi sattua, ettå porot nielevåt ammoniumnitraattia joko syomalla lannoiterakeita suoraan maasta tai juomaveden kautta. Ne voivat myos saada nitraattia kasveista, jotka ovat absorboineet ja varastoineet sitå. Tima raportti kåsittelee jålkimmåistå vaihtoehtoa. Tåman lisåksi selvitellåån lannoituksen vaikutusta laidunkasvien raakavalkuaispitoisuuksiin. Tutkimus suositettiin kahdella koealueella. Toinen mantymetsåalue oli kuivaa, toinen taas tuoretta varputyyppia. Alueet sijaitsivat 10 km ja 15 km Lyckselestå luoteeseen. Kokeissa sovellettiin kolmea ammoniumnitraattilannoitus-tasoa (75, 150 ja 250 kg N/ha ja yhtå ureatasoa (150 kg N/ha. Lannoitteita levitettiin kahtena ajankohtana, kesåkuussa ja vastaavasti heinåkuussa. Tutkimusta vanen, jonka kohteena oli metsånlannoituksen vaikutus joidenkin tarkeiden poronlaidunkasvien nitraatti- ja raakavalkuaispitoisuuksiin, otettiin naytteita poronjåkalåsta, kanervasta, variksenmarjasta, puolukan- ja mustikanvarvusta ja metsålauhasta eri ajankohtina lannoituksen jalkeen. Poronjakåla ei merkittavåsti kontaminoitunut nitraatilla. Korkein loydetty arvo oli 0,013% nitraati-N kuiva-aineessa (taulukko 1. Nitraattia keråantyi myos vahan varpuihin ja metsalauhaan (taulukko 2. Korkeimmat arvot (0,05% havaittiin kanervassa. Mitatut konsentraatiot olivat selvåsti alle porolle vaarallisen tason. Lannoituksen vaikutus poronlaidunkasvien

  15. PREFACE: A tribute to Virginio Bortolani

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brivio, Gian Paolo

    2007-08-01

    published by Plenum Press in 1990, are still a classic in surface science, and we often refer to them as the 'red book' by the colour of its cover reminiscent of another more famous book. But I do not wish to dwell upon pleasant memories of my relationship with Virginio Bortolani any longer. We should better record a few important facts of his broad activity. J P Toennies will outline Bortolani's achievements in the field of surface phonons and vibrations in a review article of this volume. So I would like to stress other very important contributions of his to the scientific development in this country and to the international community. In the late seventies surface physics was being studied by very few and tiny groups in Italy (mainly at Genova, Milano and Roma Universities). But Bortolani was able to form the first theoretical group of international reputation in this field in Italy at Modena University. In this respect he was surely helped by his previous experience at the Cavendish Laboratory working with V Heine on the theory of pseudopotentials and with N Mott. This allowed him to be at the forefront of condensed matter theory so that to propose and carry out exciting research subjects. Bortolani also supervised all the initiatives in the 70s and 80s from which Modena has grown so much as to be now considered an internationally recognized centre of surface science and nanotechnology. Second, by organizing a conference in Modena every year the week before Christmas (the so-called Congressino di Modena by the Italian participants), he promoted the diffusion of surface physics in the country: it became soon traditional for bright young physicists to come to Modena on that occasion, and, because of the exciting and friendly atmosphere, to turn to surface investigations. The catalysing activity of Bortolani is also confirmed by the number of his students who have matured into excellent scientists or technologists: Carlo Calandra, Carlo Maria Bertoni, Franca Manghi

  16. Winter-catastrophies in the reindeer husbandry of Finland: Losses and their prevention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Timo Helle

    1982-05-01

    esiintymistå Suomen poronhoidossa. Erityistä huomiota kiinnitetään talvikatojen ja laiduntilanteen välisiin yhteyksiin, katojen vaikutuksiin poron populaatiodynamiikkaan sekå käytettyihin katojen ennalta ehkåisymenetelmiin. Porokato on määritetty tilanteeksi, jossa porojen määrä (yli 1-vuotiaat ja vasat jåå 20% pienemmäksi kuin kahden edellisen vuoden porolukujen keskiarvio. Poronhoitovuosina 1970/71—1980/81 talvikadoissa menetettiin 4.5% kokonaisporomäärästä. Mentykset olivat suurimmat pohjoisimmassa Lapissa, missa porojen saatavilla ei ole jäkälän kaivun estyesså vaihtoehtoista ravintoa kuten poronhoitoalueen etelå- ja keskiosissa. Lähemmin tarkastelluss a Kaldoaivin paliskunnassa Utsjoella vasaprosentti on riippuvainen siitå, miten hyvin porot ovat selvinneet talvesta (r=0.62, n=ll, p«0.05. Vasojen syystalvisen teuraspainon ja vasaprosentin välillä on myös positiivinen korrelaatio (r=0.79, n=7, p«0.05. Vaikeina talvina hirvaiden kuolevuus on suhteellisesti suurempi kuin vaadinten. Talvikatastrofeja voidaan ehkåistå ennakolta porolukua alentamalla (varsin harvinaista ja kohdistamalla teurastus populaation riskialteimpaan osaan. Tehokkaimmaksi osoittautunut menetelmå on kuitenkin lisä-ja hätäruokinnan järjestäminen. Normaalivuosina lisäruokintaan käytettiin 1970-luvulla 0.5—1.5 milj. kg kuiva heinää, ts. 5.9—12.5 kg yli 1-vuotiasta poroa kohti. Intensiivisessä tarharuokinnassa elätettiin normaalitalvina 10—16% porokannasta. Lisäruokinta ja tarhaus on yleisintä poronhoitoalueen etelä- ja keskiosissa, missä tarvittava rehu on saatavissa omasta takaa.Vinterkatastrofer inom renskötseln i Finland: Förluster och deras förebyggande.Abstract in Swedish / Sammandrag: Artikeln behandlar forekomsten av katastrofvintrar inom renskötsen i Finland. Sårskilt uppmärksamhet fästs vid sambandet mellan vinterkatastrofer och betesmarkernas Situation, katastrofernas inverknan på renens populationsdynamik samt de metoder som anv

  17. Selected Abstracts of the 2nd Congress of joint European Neonatal Societies (jENS 2017; Venice (Italy; October 31-November 4, 2017; Session "Cardiac Physiology and Pathology"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2017-10-01

    NEONATAL HEART RATE IMMEDIATELY AFTER BIRTH USING DIGITAL STETHOSCOPE, HAND HELD ULTRASOUND AND ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY • B. Treston, J. Semberova, R. Kernan, E. Crothers, A. Branagan, N. O’Cathain, J. MiletinABS 29. NEW IBUPROFEN DOSAGE REGIMEN FOR PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS FOLLOWING SIMULATIONS BASED ON PHARMACOKINETIC-PHARMACODYNAMIC EVIDENCE •  R. Flint, R. ter Heine, E. Spaans, D. Burger, J. de Klerk, K. Allegaert, C. Knibbe, S. SimonsABS 30. WHAT IS THAT PULSATING ON THE ANTERIOR ABDOMINAL WALL? •  O. Nolan, R. Prasad, P. Miller, M. Singh, S.V. Rasiah

  18. FOREWORD: Tackling inverse problems in a Banach space environment: from theory to applications Tackling inverse problems in a Banach space environment: from theory to applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuster, Thomas; Hofmann, Bernd; Kaltenbacher, Barbara

    2012-10-01

    of concrete instances with special properties. The aim of this special section is to provide a forum for highly topical ongoing work in the area of regularization in Banach spaces, its numerics and its applications. Indeed, we have been lucky enough to obtain a number of excellent papers both from colleagues who have previously been contributing to this topic and from researchers entering the field due to its relevance in practical inverse problems. We would like to thank all contributers for enabling us to present a high quality collection of papers on topics ranging from various aspects of regularization via efficient numerical solution to applications in PDE models. We give a brief overview of the contributions included in this issue (here ordered alphabetically by first author). In their paper, Iterative regularization with general penalty term—theory and application to L1 and TV regularization, Radu Bot and Torsten Hein provide an extension of the Landweber iteration for linear operator equations in Banach space to general operators in place of the inverse duality mapping, which corresponds to the use of general regularization functionals in variational regularization. The L∞ topology in data space corresponds to the frequently occuring situation of uniformly distributed data noise. A numerically efficient solution of the resulting Tikhonov regularization problem via a Moreau-Yosida appriximation and a semismooth Newton method, along with a δ-free regularization parameter choice rule, is the topic of the paper L∞ fitting for inverse problems with uniform noise by Christian Clason. Extension of convergence rates results from classical source conditions to their generalization via variational inequalities with a priori and a posteriori stopping rules is the main contribution of the paper Regularization of linear ill-posed problems by the augmented Lagrangian method and variational inequalities by Klaus Frick and Markus Grasmair, again in the context of some

  19. Foreword: Sir John Pendry FRS Sir John Pendry FRS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inglesfield, John; Echenique, Pedro

    2008-07-01

    John Pendry John Inglesfield and Pedro Echenique write: John Pendry's 65th birthday is on 4 July 2008, and this issue of the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter is dedicated to him, with articles by friends, colleagues, and former students. By any standards, John Pendry is a great scientist, who has made—and continues to make—an enormous contribution to physics; the wide range of his interests is reflected in the scope of these articles. Not many scientists can establish a completely new and unexpected area of research, but this has been John's achievement in the last few years in the field of metamaterials, materials whose electromagnetic properties depend on their structure rather than the materials of which the structure is built. In this way, structures with effectively negative electrical permittivity and negative magnetic permeability can be constructed, demonstrating negative refraction; through metamaterials scientists now have access to properties not found in nature, and never previously explored experimentally. Never a week goes by without a potential new application of metamaterials, whether it is perfect lensing, or the cloak of invisibility. This has certainly led to tremendous visibility for John himself, with guest lectures all over the world, and radio and television appearances. John Pendry's first paper was published exactly 40 years ago, 'Analytic properties of pseudopotentials' [1], and since then he has published 310 articles at the latest count. But this first paper already reflected something of the way John works. His PhD project, with Volker Heine at the Cavendish Laboratory, was to interpret the scattering of low energy electrons from surfaces, the technique of LEED which was to become the method of choice for determining surface structure. Although the energy of the electrons in LEED is relatively low—say 50 eV—it is much higher than the energy of the conduction electrons, for which pseudopotentials had been devised, and John