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Sample records for lyngsoe jotun hein

  1. Dunning’s eclectic paradigm applied on Jotun Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Minde, Nina

    2000-01-01

    This report is written both as an independent thesis and as part of the SNF research project “The multinational activities of Norwegian shipowning companies”, financed by the Research Council of Norway and the Norwegian Shipowners Association. The purpose of the report is to apply one of the main theories on international production, Dunning’s eclectic paradigm, on Jotun’s investment in Thailand. Jotun is one of a handful of Norwegian companies that had established affiliates in Thailand befo...

  2. Palladium-Catalyzed, Enantioselective Heine Reaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Punk, Molly; Merkley, Charlotte; Kennedy, Katlyn; Morgan, Jeremy B

    2016-07-01

    Aziridines are important synthetic intermediates for the generation of nitrogen-containing molecules. N-Acylaziridines undergo rearrangement by ring expansion to produce oxazolines, a process known as the Heine reaction. The first catalytic, enantioselective Heine reaction is reported for meso-N-acylaziridines where a palladium(II)-diphosphine complex is employed. The highly enantioenriched oxazoline products are valuable organic synthons and potential ligands for transition-metal catalysis.

  3. HeinOnline: An Online Archive of Law Journals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marisa, Richard J.

    Law is grounded in the past, in the decisions and reasoning of generations of lawyers, judges, juries, and professors. Ready access to this history is vital to solid legal research, and yet, until 2000, much of it was buried in vast collections of aging paper journals. HeinOnline is a new online archive of law journals. Development of HeinOnline…

  4. Heinrich Heine e Castro Alves: diversidade na convergência

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eloá Heise

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available Heinrich Heine und Castro Alves haben Gedichte unter dem gleichen Titel geschrieben: Das Sklavenschiff und O Navio Negreiro. Das bedeutet aber nicht, daß Castro Alves ein Plagiat des Gedichts Heines, des Verfassers der ersten Quelle, begangen hat. Trotz der gleichen Thematik in beiden Fällen kann man durch die Analyse der beiden Gedichte die deutliche Divergenz in der Konvergenz belegen.

  5. Ritt's theorem and the Heins map in hyperbolic complex manifolds

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Marco; Abate; Filippo; Bracci

    2005-01-01

    Let X be a Kobayashi hyperbolic complex manifold, and assume that X does not contain compact complex submanifolds of positive dimension (e.g., X Stein). We shall prove the following generalization of Ritt's theorem: every holomorphic self-map f: X →X such that f(X) is relatively compact in X has a unique fixed point τ(f) ∈ X, which is attracting. Furthermore, we shall prove that τ(f) depends holomorphically on f in a suitable sense, generalizing results by Heins, Joseph-Kwack and the second author.

  6. An Early Danish Computer Game: The case of Nim, Piet Hein, and Regnecentralen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Anker Helms

    2009-01-01

    from 1901 of Nim that “killed the game” as the outcome could be predicted quite easily; the desire of the Danish inventor Piet Hein to make a game that eluded such analyses; and the desire of Piet Hein to have computers play games against humans. The development of Nimbi was successful in spite...

  7. Genetics and Human Agency: Comment on Dar-Nimrod and Heine (2011)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkheimer, Eric

    2011-01-01

    Dar-Nimrod and Heine (2011) decried genetic essentialism without denying the importance of genetics in the genesis of human behavior, and although I agree on both counts, a deeper issue remains unaddressed: how should we adjust our cognitions about our own behavior in light of genetic influence, or is it perhaps not necessary to take genetics into…

  8. Genetics and Human Agency: Comment on Dar-Nimrod and Heine (2011)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkheimer, Eric

    2011-01-01

    Dar-Nimrod and Heine (2011) decried genetic essentialism without denying the importance of genetics in the genesis of human behavior, and although I agree on both counts, a deeper issue remains unaddressed: how should we adjust our cognitions about our own behavior in light of genetic influence, or is it perhaps not necessary to take genetics into…

  9. Rägavere mõisahoone restaureerimine / Toomas Rank, Rein Mõtus, Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Toomas

    2005-01-01

    2 välis- ja 5 sisevaadet, joonis; uuringud: Ants Hein; projekt, muinsuskaitseline järelevalve: Toomas Rank; teostus: AS Sado Ehitus; sepised: Rein Mõtus; T. Rank pälvis Rägavere mõisa peahoone restaureerimise eest Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2004. a. aastapreemia

  10. Rägavere mõisahoone restaureerimine / Toomas Rank, Rein Mõtus, Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Toomas

    2005-01-01

    2 välis- ja 5 sisevaadet, joonis; uuringud: Ants Hein; projekt, muinsuskaitseline järelevalve: Toomas Rank; teostus: AS Sado Ehitus; sepised: Rein Mõtus; T. Rank pälvis Rägavere mõisa peahoone restaureerimise eest Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2004. a. aastapreemia

  11. Romanticism and Politics: from Heinrich Heine to Carl Schmitt – and Back Again

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pericles S. Vallianos

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available After a reference to the debate concerning the concept of Romanticism (Lovejoy vs Wellek, the article briefly evokes certain key stances of English and French literaryRomanticism. It then points to the distinguishing features of German Romanticism, namely the enlargement of the doctrine into an integral metaphysics with the concept of the “organic state” at its core (A. Müller. The critique of political Romanticism by two revolutionary democrats (H. Heine and A. Ruge is then presented. The article closes with a critique of C. Schmitt’s interpretation of political Romanticism.

  12. The Heine-Tear: the tension between spiritualism and sensualism in three short stories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pia Paganelli

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available To approach Heine’s literature is to enter the world of one of the most controversial authors, and also one of the most conscious intellectuals about the historical crisis of his time. His work suffers the tension between Romanticism and Modern Era, this is why he tried to give a new esthetic answer that contemplated a critical view of everything that was presented as new, as well as of his past cultural heritage. This article tries to analyze Heine´s three short stories -De las memorias del señor de Schnabelewopski, published in 1833, Noches Florentinas of 1835, and El rabino de Bacherach published in 1840- which problematize the tension between spiritualism and sensualism, in order to demonstrate that de broken unity presented as a contradiction of elements, characters and spaces, constitute the structural procedure of Heine’s literature. Finally, the dichotomy between spiritualism and sensualism stablished by Jewish-christian religion, that continued during Romanticism through its idealized and ahistorical representations, encouraged Heine to use those procedures in order to criticize them, as well as the whole statu quo of his time.

  13. A Mehler-Heine-type formula for Hermite-Sobolev orthogonal polynomials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castaño-García, Laura; Moreno-Balcázar, Juan J.

    2003-01-01

    We consider a Sobolev inner product such as (f,g)S=[integral operator]f(x)g(x) d[mu]0(x)+[lambda][integral operator]f'(x)g'(x) d[mu]1(x), [lambda]>0,with ([mu]0,[mu]1) being a symmetrically coherent pair of measures with unbounded support. Denote by Qn the orthogonal polynomials with respect to (1) and they are so-called Hermite-Sobolev orthogonal polynomials. We give a Mehler-Heine-type formula for Qn when [mu]1 is the measure corresponding to Hermite weight on , that is, d[mu]1=e-x2 dx and as a consequence an asymptotic property of both the zeros and critical points of Qn is obtained, illustrated by numerical examples. Some remarks and numerical experiments are carried out for d[mu]0=e-x2 dx. An upper bound for Qn on is also provided in both cases.

  14. Lo romántico y el romanticismo en Schlengel, Hegel y Heine. Un debate de cultura política sobre el arte y su tiempo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javeir Dominguez Hernández.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Given their literary and philosophical achievements, German Romanticism and German Idealism enjoy a good reputation, cove-ring up the political and ideological virulence that its main protagonists – such as Schlegel, Hegel and Heine – had to face. This article distinguishes between Romantic and Romanticism. Schlegel devised a typology of Romantic art. This European art form, which developed under the preserve of Christianity, gradually lost its sacred character as it became modern. Romanticism, well characterized by Heine`s “Romantic School,” is the conversion of this Romantic aesthethic into a medievalizing and conservative ideology in the context of a political culture hostile to German Enlightenment, which was criticized by Heine for historical, political and social reasons, and by Hegel for philosophical reasons. In terms of philosophy, the Romantic thought criticized by Hegel was not that of Schlegel but that of Schelling.

  15. Comparison of Heine-Abarenkov and alternative pseudopotentials for electron-phonon interaction in aluminium, lead, lithium and calcium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, X. H.; Walmsley, D. G.

    2017-01-01

    Applying the Heine-Abarenkov pseudopotential to aluminium and lead in both the superconducting and normal states, Carbotte and coworkers have set a challenging standard befitting the status of the classic BCS superconductor theory. Upholding the same standard and equipped with the technique of numerical inversion, we have extracted alternative pseudopotentials from experimental data with minimal prejudgement that might cloud the physics. The two potentials are broadly consistent in the superconducting state but distinctly different in the normal state. This is an urgent issue requiring confirmation or refutation in the context of the current search for high temperature conventional superconductivity.

  16. Fathers of orthopaedics in Germany (eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries): Lorenz Heister in Helmsted; Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach in Berlin; Heine and family in Würzburg.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernigou, Philippe

    2016-02-01

    In orthopaedic medicine in Germany, Lorenz Heister, practicing in the eighteenth century, is considered one of the fathers of German surgery and is renowned for his books on management of hemorrhage, wounds, fractures, bandaging, instrumentation and surgery. After Heister, at the beginning of the nineteenth century, orthopaedic medicine in Germany developed uniformly. In a period when few doctors were interested in a separate discipline of orthopaedics, Germany led in this field. Heine devoted himself to the development of the new profession of orthopaedics, and in 1816, he opened the first orthopaedic institute on German soil in the former monastery of St. Stephen, which later became known as the Karolinen-Institut. Along with Heine and his family, the special development of orthopaedics in Berlin may be attributed to the work of Dieffenbach who, in 1832, became professor at the University of Berlin and in 1840 director of the Clinical Institute for Surgery at Charité Hospital.

  17. Ein geistesgegenwärtiger Zeitgenosse am Ende der Zeiten : Sichtverengung und Blickstreuung in Christoph Heins längeren Prosatexten

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neva Šlibar

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available »Ich empfinde den Beruf  eines Schriftstellres als den eines Berichterstatters, eines Chronisten. Ich bin ein Schreiber von Chroniken, mit literarischen Mitteln natürlich [...]«  (A, 203. Dieses  Selbstverständnis Christoph Heins, geäußert in einem lnterview für das Neue   Deutschland vom 2./3. 12. 1989, enthalt mehr als das Bekenntnis zum Historischen, zum Schreiben »über mich und meine Welt« (ebda. als Leitthemen seines Iiterarischen Wirkens. Es ist eine Poetik in nuce. Im Gegensatz zum Historiker lebt der Chronist nämlich aus der Zeitgenossenschaft mit dem erzählten Geschehen, er befindet sich nach A. C. Danto folglich logisch in derselben Ordnung der Ereignisse, die er beschreibt• Es fehlt·ihm die restrospektiv wertende Sicht des Historikers, in Heins Worten: »Der Berichterstatter hat eigentlich nur etwas mitzuteilen und muß  sich weitgehend der moralischen Wertung enthalten« (ebda.. Diese reduktionistische Postion bestimmt Heins Realismuskonzept, das keinen Anspruch auf epische  Breite, Auktorialität und Beherrschbarkeit stellt, sowie keine konkreten Utopievorstellungen präsentiert. Weiters bestimmt sie die dominierende Bedeutung des Blickpunkts für die Wirklichkeitskonstruktion von Heins Welten, die Identitätsbildung seiner Figuren sowie die enggeführte Erzählhaltung (O, 157. Ablesbar ist sie gleichfalls an einer Motivik, die traditionellerweise Sichtverengung und Selbstbezogenheit zum Ausdruck bringt: Spiegel und blinde Scheiben, Fotoapparate und Kameras, Fotografieren und Sich-Spiegeln signalisieren vom Film inspirierte Schreibverfahren. Dieser (selbstbeschränkenden Position gilt es hier nachzugehen; ausgeklammert werden demnach bewußt aktuell geschichtliche und regional beschränkte, d. h. auf die DDR-eingegrenzte politische Interpretationsmöglichkeiten.

  18. Pesquisa de oocistos de Cryptosporidium sp em fezes: comparação entre os métodos de Kinyoun modificado e de heine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Amato Neto

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Para diagnosticar a infecção intestinal pelo Cryptosporidium sp, hoje bastante em foco pela não incomum participação no contexto da síndrome da imunodeficiência adquirida (AIDS, várias técnicas têm sido indicadas. Com o intuito de esclarecer vantagens e desvantagens, envolvendo quantificação, morfologia, durabilidade do esfregaço e tempo de preparação, comparamos os resultados obtidos mediante emprego de dois desses processos, ou seja, de Kinyoun modificado e de Heine, aplicados em amostras fecais de pacientes com AIDS. A sensibilidade foi bastante semelhante e a escolha deve depender da valorização das virtudes de cada uma das técnicas, que são: quanto â de Kinyoun modificada, a durabilidade dos esfregaços e, a propósito da de Heine, a rapidez com que se dã o preparo, aliada â superioiidade quando o parâmetro é a quantidade de oocistos encontrados, mais freqüentemente verificada.The diagnosis of intestinal infection by Cryptosporidium sp is crucial today; with the progression of the AIDS epidemic, many cases of cryptosporidiosis have appeared in this setting and in other immunodeficiency diseases. We compared the advantages and disadvantages of Heine's method and modified Kinyoun's method in the following parameters: morphology of the parasite, quantitation of cysts, stability of the staining characteristics timewise on the slides and time spend at staining. All positive fecal smears were obtained from patients with AIDS. The sensitivity of these two techniques was the same. The choice should be made by the best aspects of each method. Heine's was better for quantitation of the cysts and was faster. Kinyoun's was better for conserving the stained smear.

  19. Brugbarhedsevaluering af LyngsoeMobil - En applikation til hjemmeplejen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Janne Jul

    -evalueringer indeholder således ikke i sig selv løsninger, men angiver en række problemer. For at imødegå resultatet af denne brugbarhedsevaluering er det oplagt at foretage en eller flere af de følgende valg: 1) Redesigne dele af systemet, så problemet ikke opstår igen. 2) Indrette under-visningen i systemet, således...... tilstræbt udført i en realistisk kontekst og med realistiske opgaver. Opgaverne bestod af 8 opgaver, alle indenfor de mest typiske opgaver en social- og sundhedshjælper kommer ud for i sin hverdag. Opgaverne er inddelt i opgaver som udføres henholdsvis før under og efter et besøg hos en borger. Efter testen...

  20. ["Utilitarian system" : Heine's legacy poem "legs, to each man two were given" with his lyrical comments on the field of urology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruse, J A

    2015-08-01

    The chequered biography as well as the enormous and controversial impact history of the poet Heinrich Heine form the notably changing sum of, in his time but also with a view to the future, the more than difficult and manifold relationships from political, social, religious, cultural and economic as well as industrial historical conditions and problems. The works and personality of the poet can rightly be characterized by the subtitle as a current biography laced with innuendo as "the discovery of the European intellectual".

  1. Confiabilidade da previsão da acuidade visual pós-operatória de catarata mediante medição da acuidade visual pré-operatória utilizando o retinômetro Heine Lambda 100 Reliability of predictable postoperative visual acuity of cataracts as measured by Heine Lambda 100 retinometer preoperatively

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Novoa Colombo-Barboza

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Utilizar o retinômetro de Heine Lambda 100 para avaliar a relação da acuidade visual obtida no pré-operatório de cirurgia de catarata com a acuidade visual obtida 3 meses no pós-operatório com correção óptica, bem como, sua correlação com a classificação morfológica dominante da catarata e com a intensidade da opacificação quando do tipo nuclear. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo prospectivo realizado no Hospital Oftalmológico Visão Laser, em Santos, envolvendo 121 olhos de 70 pacientes avaliados de abril a julho 2009, submetidos à cirurgia de catarata sob a técnica de facoemulsificação com implante de lente intraocular. No período pré-operatório, foi realizado o retinômetro de Heine sob midríase e seu resultado foi comparado à melhor acuidade visual pós-operatória do terceiro mês e correlacionado com a classificação morfológica da catarata, quando do tipo nuclear, sendo denominado satisfatório aquele resultado que não variou mais do que duas linhas na tabela de Snellen. Resultados: Os resultados satisfatórios em nosso estudo foram de 86,78%, apresentando resultados de acuidade visual com retinômetro de Heine igual ao resultado da acuidade visual pós-operatória em 34,7%. A opacidade predominantemente nuclear N1+ tem um porcentual de acerto maior do que N2+ e N3+ (50%, 31,3% e 26,7%, respectivamente. Em relação ao total de olhos, observamos um teste extremamente significante (pPurpose: To assess the relationship between potential visual acuity obtained before cataract surgery using Heine Lambda 100 retinometer with best corrected visual acuity 3 months postoperatively, as well as its correlation with the morphological pattern of the dominant cataract and the intensity of nuclear opacification. Methods: Prospective study executed in the Ophthalmology Hospital Laser Vision in Santos of 121 eyes of 70 patients who underwent cataract surgery (phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation

  2. Hyphenated chromatographic analysis of bioactive gallic acid and quercetin in Hygrophila auriculata (K. Schum) Heine growing wildly in marshy places in India by validated HPTLC method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Md Sarfaraj Hussain; Sheeba Fareed; Mohammad Ali

    2012-01-01

    Objective: A simple, accurate, and rapid high-performance thin-layer chromatographic (HPTLC) method for simultaneous quantification of the two biologically active flavonoidal compounds, gallic acid and quercetin, in Hygrophila auriculata (K. Schum) Heine (HA) has been established and validated. Methods: Chromatography was performed on aluminium foil-backed silica gel 60 F254 HPTLC plates with the binary mobile phase toluene: ethyl acetate: formic acid (5:4:1, v/v/v). Ultraviolet detection was performed densitometrically at the maximum absorbance wavelength, 270nm. The method was validated for precision, recovery, robustness, specificity, and detection and quantification limits, in accordance with ICH guidelines. Results: The system was found to give compact spots for gallic acid (GA) and quercetin (QE) (Rf value of 0.31 and 0.50, respectively). The limit of detection (23 and 41 ng band-1) limit of quantification (69 and 123 ng band-1), recovery (99.4-99.9 and 98.7-99.4%), and precision (i.e ≤1.98 and 1.97) were satisfactory for gallic acid and quercetin respectively. Linearity range for GA and QE were 100-1000 (r 2= 0.9991) and 150-900 ng band-1 (r2= 0.9956) and the contents estimated as 0.28±0.01% and 0.41±0.01% w/w respectively.Conclusions:This simple, precise and accurate method gave good resolution from other constituents present in the extract. The method has been successfully applied in the analysis and routine quality control of herbal material and formulations containing Hygrophila auriculata (K. Schum) Heine.

  3. Avaliação da influência do formol e do hipoclorito de sódio na pesquisa de oocistos de Cryptosporidium nas fezes, através do método de heine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Rafael Módolo

    1994-06-01

    Full Text Available Foram examinadas, para pesquisa de Cryptosporidium pelo método de Heine,fezes de nove bezerros com criptosporidíase, após utilização prévia de dois diferentes desinfetantes. Quanto ao formol a 10%, notou-se que não houve interferência na identificação dos oocistos, em período compreendido entre cinco minutos e 72 horas; ao ser usado o hipoclorito de sódio a 14,5%, verificou-se que depois de 30minutos os ooçistos apresentaram-se avermelhados e sem refração, dificultando o reconhecimento. Assim, recomenda-se a adição de formol a 10% à matéria fecal, conforme a etapa referida, para coibir o risco de infecção de laboratoristas pelo vírus da imunodeficiência humana (HIV, quando usada para diagnóstico atécnica mencionada.Cryptosporidium oocysts were searched by Heine 's method in stools of nine cal/s with cryptoporidiosis after stool treatment with two disinfectants, 10% paraformaldehyde solution and 14,5% sodium hypochlorite solution. After 30 minutes exposition to sodium hypochlorite solution oocysts became non refractile and acquired a reddish tinge, making their Identification difficult. No morphological alterations occured in oocysts after paraformaldehyde treatment. We recommend paraformaldehyde at 10% concentration as means of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV inactivation for routine use in stool examinations and therefore making safer those type of procedures for laboratory personnel, when using Heine 's method.

  4. Mõisaarhitektuur rootsi ajal / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Vene-Liivi sõja järel püstitatud esimesed mõisahooned. Linnusest lossiks. Rootsi võimumehed ehitusisandatena (Haapsalu ja Kuressaare linnuse ümberehitamise plaanid, Kolga, Põltsamaa, Malla, Matsalu, Lihula ja Tallinna lähiümbruse mõisad). Kohaliku aadli osa mõisaehituses. Palladionismi esiletõus (Maardu, Anija, Mäo (arhitekt Jacob Stael von Holstein), Aa, Palmse (arhitekt Johann Stael von Holstein), Kuremaa, Avanduse, Lagedi, Rägavere ja Varangu mõisahooned). Bibliograafia lk. 450-452

  5. Mõisaarhitektuur rootsi ajal / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Vene-Liivi sõja järel püstitatud esimesed mõisahooned. Linnusest lossiks. Rootsi võimumehed ehitusisandatena (Haapsalu ja Kuressaare linnuse ümberehitamise plaanid, Kolga, Põltsamaa, Malla, Matsalu, Lihula ja Tallinna lähiümbruse mõisad). Kohaliku aadli osa mõisaehituses. Palladionismi esiletõus (Maardu, Anija, Mäo (arhitekt Jacob Stael von Holstein), Aa, Palmse (arhitekt Johann Stael von Holstein), Kuremaa, Avanduse, Lagedi, Rägavere ja Varangu mõisahooned). Bibliograafia lk. 450-452

  6. Molecular Identification of 4 Strains of Aeromonas Based on 16 S rDNA Sequence%基于16SrDNA序列的4株气单胞菌属细菌的分子鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭凤霞

    2012-01-01

    16SrDNA sequences were amplified and sequenced for four Aeromonas bacteria strains isolated from the aquacul-ture water. The homologous sequences were searched and retrieved using BLAST, then sequences were aligned by MegAlign sofeware using Jotun Hein, ClustalV and ClustalW methods. Phylogenetic trees were constructed by Mega 4.0 software using Neighbor-joining (N-J), minimum evolution (ME), maximum parsimony (MP) and UPGMA methods. Sequences analysis showed that there are 99.2% (Jotun Hein) similarity between Aeromonas sp. T3 16 S rDNA and DQ817542.1, DQ817645.1 and HM127065.1; Aeromonas sp. T4 and DQ816364.1, HM77846.1 and HM778618.1 have 97.9% (Jotun Hein) similarity; Aeromonas sp. T5 and GQ205446.1 have 99.4% (Jotun Hein) similarity; Aeromonas sp. T6 and GQ205446.1 have 99.6% (Jotun Hein) similarity. Similar results were supported by the other two alignment methods. Phylogenetic trees constructed by the four methods showed similar results, and the taxonomic status for the four isolated strains could be investigated. Results showed that Aeromonas sp. T3 and DQ817542.1, Aeromonas sp. T4 and HM778618.1, Aeromonas sp. T5 and CQ232759.1, Aeromonas sp. T6 and GQ205446.1 had the closest relationship, respectively.%对分离自养殖水环境的4株气单胞菌属(A eromonas)细菌的16 S rDNA序列进行PCR扩增并测定其核酸序列,通过BLAST软件在GenBank中查找同源序列,应用MegAlign软件中的Jotun Hein、ClustalV以及ClustalW 3种方法进行序列差异和同源性分析,分别使用Mega 4.0软件中的邻接法(NJ)、最小进化法(ME)、最大简约法(MP)、非加权组平均法(UPGMA)构建系统发育树.由Jotun Hein法可知,Aeromonas sp.T3与序列DQ817542.1、DQ817645.1以及HM127065.1相似度最高,均为99.2%,Aeromonas sp.T4与序列DQ816364.1、HM77846.1以及HM778618.1相似度最高,均为97.9%,A eromonas sp.T5与序列GQ205446.1相似度最高,均为99.4%,Aeromonas sp.T6与序列GQ205446.1相似度最高,为99.6%;其

  7. Mõisad kaovad kahest otsast / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2006-01-01

    Mõisate tähendusest Eesti kultuuriloos, nende ennistamisel tehtud vigadest. Lähemalt Restori renoveeritud Maardu ja Kalvi mõisast. Õisu mõisahoone treppi kaunistanud (autor Giovanni Antonio Cybei) marmorkujudest

  8. Mõisad kaovad kahest otsast / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2006-01-01

    Mõisate tähendusest Eesti kultuuriloos, nende ennistamisel tehtud vigadest. Lähemalt Restori renoveeritud Maardu ja Kalvi mõisast. Õisu mõisahoone treppi kaunistanud (autor Giovanni Antonio Cybei) marmorkujudest

  9. 基于16S rDNA序列的2株气单胞菌属细菌的分子鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭凤霞; 叶聪

    2011-01-01

    对分高自患病鲫鱼的2株气单胞菌的16S rDNA序列进行PCR扩增并测定其核酸序列,通过NCBI的BLAST查找同源序列,应用MegAlign采用Jotun Hein、ClustalV以及CustalW 3种方法分别进行序列比对,并利用Mega4.0软件采用邻接法(N-J)、最小进化法(ME)、最大筒约法(MP)、非加权组平均法(UPGMA)构建系统发育树.3种序列比对结果显示,Aeromonas sp.T1与Aeromonas sp.T2序列具有较高的相似度,分别为97.5% (Jotun Hein)、96% (ClustalV)、96.4% (ClustalW); Aeromonas sp.T1与Genebank登录号为HM778461.1序列相似度最高,分别为97.1% (Jotun Hein)、93.8%(ClustalV)、94.5% (ClustalW); Aeromonas sp.T2与同样与Genebank登录号为HM778461.1序列相似度最高,分别为97.7% (Jotun Hein)、95.3% (ClustalV)、96.8% (ClustalW).4种方法构建的系统发育树基本一致,可初步确立2株菌株的分类地位:Aeromonas sp.T1、Aeromonas sp.T2与登录号为HM127065.1的曹株的聚为一类,亲缘关系最近.

  10. Unistuste õhuloss juustumaal Šveitsis / Ivar-Kristjan Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ivar-Kristjan

    2002-01-01

    New Yorgi arhitektide Elizabeth Dilleri (46) ja Ricardo Scofidio (65) looming Neuchateli järvel - kunstlik pilv, kuhu saab siseneda. Arhitektid eksperimenteerivad ruumikasutuse erinevate võimalustega

  11. Linna auw ninck illo : Olevistest ja tema tornist / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2014-01-01

    14. sajandi tornist. 1448. aastal valminud meister Grunde tornikiivrist. Oleviste torni kõrgusest keskajal. 1651. aastal valminud Hans Geissleri tornikiivrist. Taastamistöödest pärast 1820. aasta tulekahju. Viimastest remontidest

  12. Palu kiriku taaselustamine ja sünergia / Minni Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Minni

    2013-01-01

    Näitus "Soolaleivapidu / Housewarming" 12.07.-10.08. 2013 Paluküla kirikus Hiiumaal. Autor: Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, kaasautorid: Külli Tüli, Sylvia Köster, Keity Pook, Siim Porila, Ann Mirjam Vaikla, Urmo Vaikla, Ingel Vaikla. Samas 9.-13.07.2013 toimunud Eesti Kunstiakadeemia avatud töötast "Re-Vitalization" (juhendajad Tom Callebaut, Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla), mis käsitles mahajäetud (kiriku)hoonete taaselustamise teemat

  13. Seitse paika, mis peidavad mõistatusi / Till Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Till

    2009-01-01

    Kayaikhtiyo stuupa Birmas, Nazca Peruus, püramiidid Egiptuses, Meoto-Iwa Jaapanis, Stonehenge Inglismaal, Machu Picchu Peruus ja Bermuda kolmnurk Sargasso meres on paigad, mille lahtiseletamise üle on murdnud pead mitu põlvkonda inimesi

  14. Stukk, see kõige kallim krohv / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    1998-01-01

    Stukkdekoori kasutamisest Eestis alates 17. sajandist. Itaaliast kui stuki sünnimaast. Kadrioru lossist, majast Kiriku tn. 1 Tompeal, Põltsamaa lossist, Roosna-Alliku mõisahoonest, majast Kivi tn. 1 Tartus, Rapla ümbruse mõisatest

  15. Lusikas nomaadidele / Riho Tiivel ; interv. Inna-Katrin Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiivel, Riho

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia tootedisaini eriala üliõpilane Riho Tiivel võitis Itaalias toimunud disainikonkursi ReAL 13 "Eating Anywhere" peapreemia oma alumiiniumist lusikaga "Spoon Container". Riho Tiivel on lõpetanud Tartu Kunstikooli mööblirestaureerijana

  16. Unistuste õhuloss juustumaal Šveitsis / Ivar-Kristjan Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ivar-Kristjan

    2002-01-01

    New Yorgi arhitektide Elizabeth Dilleri (46) ja Ricardo Scofidio (65) looming Neuchateli järvel - kunstlik pilv, kuhu saab siseneda. Arhitektid eksperimenteerivad ruumikasutuse erinevate võimalustega

  17. Mõisaarhitektuur 18. sajandi algul ja keskpaigas / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Aadlimõisad. Esimesed sõjajärgsed mõisahooned (Sandla, Välgita, Tori, Keskvere). Peterburist saadud tulude toel kerkinud mõisad (Lagedi, Räpina, Pornuse, Abja, Polli, Karksi, Albu, Rannu, Ahja jt.). Kohaliku aadli mõisad (Palmse, Sagadi (ehitusmeister Johann Nicolaus Vogel, 1753), Suuremõisa, Luua, Ruusmäe, Saare jt.). Ansambel kui ajastu peegel (Suhtlema, Andja, Õisu, Kõo). Rokokoolike joonte tugevnemine (Põltsamaa loss (stukimeister Johann Michael Graff, maalikunstnik Friedrich Hartmann Barisien), Sargvere, Maidla, Ohtu, Ääsmäe, Saue). Bibliograafia lk. 452-453

  18. Portent of Heine's Reciprocal Square Root Identity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cohl, H W

    2003-01-13

    Precise efforts in theoretical astrophysics are needed to fully understand the mechanisms that govern the structure, stability, dynamics, formation, and evolution of differentially rotating stars. Direct computation of the physical attributes of a star can be facilitated by the use of highly compact azimuthal and separation angle Fourier formulations of the Green's functions for the linear partial differential equations of mathematical physics.

  19. Mõisaarhitektuur 18. sajandi algul ja keskpaigas / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Aadlimõisad. Esimesed sõjajärgsed mõisahooned (Sandla, Välgita, Tori, Keskvere). Peterburist saadud tulude toel kerkinud mõisad (Lagedi, Räpina, Pornuse, Abja, Polli, Karksi, Albu, Rannu, Ahja jt.). Kohaliku aadli mõisad (Palmse, Sagadi (ehitusmeister Johann Nicolaus Vogel, 1753), Suuremõisa, Luua, Ruusmäe, Saare jt.). Ansambel kui ajastu peegel (Suhtlema, Andja, Õisu, Kõo). Rokokoolike joonte tugevnemine (Põltsamaa loss (stukimeister Johann Michael Graff, maalikunstnik Friedrich Hartmann Barisien), Sargvere, Maidla, Ohtu, Ääsmäe, Saue). Bibliograafia lk. 452-453

  20. "Salatoimikud" Indiana Jonesi moodi / Inna-Katrin Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Inna-Katrin

    2008-01-01

    Steven Spielbergi neljas Indiana Jones'i film Harrison Fordiga nimiosas "Indiana Jones ja kristallpealuu kuningriik" ("Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull") : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2008

  1. Linna auw ninck illo : Olevistest ja tema tornist / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2014-01-01

    14. sajandi tornist. 1448. aastal valminud meister Grunde tornikiivrist. Oleviste torni kõrgusest keskajal. 1651. aastal valminud Hans Geissleri tornikiivrist. Taastamistöödest pärast 1820. aasta tulekahju. Viimastest remontidest

  2. Palu kiriku taaselustamine ja sünergia / Minni Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Minni

    2013-01-01

    Näitus "Soolaleivapidu / Housewarming" 12.07.-10.08. 2013 Paluküla kirikus Hiiumaal. Autor: Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla, kaasautorid: Külli Tüli, Sylvia Köster, Keity Pook, Siim Porila, Ann Mirjam Vaikla, Urmo Vaikla, Ingel Vaikla. Samas 9.-13.07.2013 toimunud Eesti Kunstiakadeemia avatud töötast "Re-Vitalization" (juhendajad Tom Callebaut, Tüüne-Kristin Vaikla), mis käsitles mahajäetud (kiriku)hoonete taaselustamise teemat

  3. Tartu ehitusmeistrid keskaegses Novgorodis, Tallinna omad - Olavinlinnas / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2015-01-01

    Vana-Liivimaalt pärit ehitusmeistrite tööd on võimalik ära tunda teatud lihtsuse ja kasinuse põhjal. Novgorodi Granovitaja palata'st. Granovitaja palata tähtvõlvidest ja müüriladumisviisist. Olavinlinna linnusele on omased keskelt paisutatud ümartornid, ehitusstiilis on tunda just Tallinna hiliskeskaegsele ehituskoolkonnale omaseid jooni. Linnust hakati rajama Viiburi asehalduri Erik Axelsson Totti eestvõttel 1475. aastal

  4. Tartu ehitusmeistrid keskaegses Novgorodis, Tallinna omad - Olavinlinnas / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2015-01-01

    Vana-Liivimaalt pärit ehitusmeistrite tööd on võimalik ära tunda teatud lihtsuse ja kasinuse põhjal. Novgorodi Granovitaja palata'st. Granovitaja palata tähtvõlvidest ja müüriladumisviisist. Olavinlinna linnusele on omased keskelt paisutatud ümartornid, ehitusstiilis on tunda just Tallinna hiliskeskaegsele ehituskoolkonnale omaseid jooni. Linnust hakati rajama Viiburi asehalduri Erik Axelsson Totti eestvõttel 1475. aastal

  5. Jacob Stael von Holstein ja palladionism eesti arhitektuuris / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Sõjaväeinsenerist ja arhitektist Jacob Stael von Holsteinist (1628, Pärnu-1679), tema kavandatud hoonetest ja rollist 17. sajandi II poole arhitektuuris. Fabian von Ferseni Toompeal Lossiplatsil asunud elamust (lammutati 1894) ja Maardu mõisahoonest, Hans von Ferseni Mäo mõisahoonest Järvamaal, Otto Wilhelm von Ferseni majast Toompeal, Axel von Roseni majast Tallinnas Pikk t. 28 (1670-74), Otto Reinhold von Taube majast Tartus (hävinud), J. S. von Holsteini enda hoonetest: majast Tallinnas Toompea 1, Anija mõisahoonest, elamust Riias jm. Bibliograafia lk. 452

  6. Jacob Stael von Holstein ja palladionism eesti arhitektuuris / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Sõjaväeinsenerist ja arhitektist Jacob Stael von Holsteinist (1628, Pärnu-1679), tema kavandatud hoonetest ja rollist 17. sajandi II poole arhitektuuris. Fabian von Ferseni Toompeal Lossiplatsil asunud elamust (lammutati 1894) ja Maardu mõisahoonest, Hans von Ferseni Mäo mõisahoonest Järvamaal, Otto Wilhelm von Ferseni majast Toompeal, Axel von Roseni majast Tallinnas Pikk t. 28 (1670-74), Otto Reinhold von Taube majast Tartus (hävinud), J. S. von Holsteini enda hoonetest: majast Tallinnas Toompea 1, Anija mõisahoonest, elamust Riias jm. Bibliograafia lk. 452

  7. Lusikas nomaadidele / Riho Tiivel ; interv. Inna-Katrin Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tiivel, Riho

    2005-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia tootedisaini eriala üliõpilane Riho Tiivel võitis Itaalias toimunud disainikonkursi ReAL 13 "Eating Anywhere" peapreemia oma alumiiniumist lusikaga "Spoon Container". Riho Tiivel on lõpetanud Tartu Kunstikooli mööblirestaureerijana

  8. "Salatoimikud" Indiana Jonesi moodi / Inna-Katrin Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Inna-Katrin

    2008-01-01

    Steven Spielbergi neljas Indiana Jones'i film Harrison Fordiga nimiosas "Indiana Jones ja kristallpealuu kuningriik" ("Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull") : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2008

  9. Karl Menningu (ja iseenese) päästmiseks / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Vastuseks Karin Hallas-Murula arvustusele "Maja, mis on sümbol" (Sirp, 2007, 5. X, lk. 13) ja Mait Väljase arvustusele "Iseolemise algus arhitektuuris" (Maja, 2008, nr. 1, lk. 86-87) oma 2007. a. ilmunud raamatust "Maja kui sümbol : Eesti Üliõpilaste Seltsi hoone Tartus" kohta. Georg Hellati ja Karl Menningu osalusest EÜS-i hoone sünniloos. Frank Lloyd Wrightist kui võimalikust eeskujuandjast

  10. Fabien Hein, Do It Yourself : Autodétermination et culture punk

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Considérer le Do it Yourself comme une pratique à part entière au sein de la scène punk rock, qui repose sur des principes et génère des résultats et conséquences spécifiques, est une attention particulièrement pertinente. Tout d’abord parce que c’est un mode de fonctionnement que l’on retrouve dans beaucoup d’autres mondes de l’art, en effet le système D est indissociable des débuts de carrière ou bien des réseaux indépendants artistiques. Par ailleurs, le D.I.Y est un point aveugle des étud...

  11. The moral challenge of green technology / Aarne P Vesilind, Lauren Heine, Jamie Hendry

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vesilind, Aarne P

    2006-01-01

    Autorid leiavad, et rohelise tehnoloogia kasutuselevõtu ja ettevõtete kasumi teenimise vastuseisu korral võidab kasumlikkus ning reguleerimata vaba turu süsteem ei toeta jätkusuutlikku arengut. Käsitletakse ettevõtte DuPont tegevdirektori Chad Holliday otsust jätkata tulutoova toote Teflon tootmist

  12. Tagasiviitavad tõendid: teine pilk pilditeadusele / Beat Wyss ; intervjueerinud Ivar-Kristjan Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wyss, Beat, 1947-

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuus Karlsruhe kunsti- ja disainiülikooli kunstiajaloo ja meediateooria professori Beat Wyssiga on teemaks Zürichis tema juhitav uurimisprojekt, mille keskmes on Venezia biennaal Ida-Euroopa riikide positsioonilt, tema EKA Kunstiteaduse Instituudi doktorantidele peetud seminar "Tagasiviitavad tõendid. Teine pilk pilditeadusele", tema kaasaegse kunsti universaalsed põhimõtted

  13. Raamat sünnib kuulata / Meelis Mihkla, Indrek Hein, Andrus Hiiepuu ...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2017-01-01

    Tekstide helindamissüsteemidest: Eesti Keele Instituudis loodud tekstide helindaja Vox Populi, Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu digitaalarhiivi DIGAR helindamisliides, Elisa Raamatu rakendus Iselugeja. Tekstitöötlus- ja hääldusprobleemidest ning tekstiliigenduse esiletoomisest sünteeskõnes

  14. Karl Menningu (ja iseenese) päästmiseks / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Vastuseks Karin Hallas-Murula arvustusele "Maja, mis on sümbol" (Sirp, 2007, 5. X, lk. 13) ja Mait Väljase arvustusele "Iseolemise algus arhitektuuris" (Maja, 2008, nr. 1, lk. 86-87) oma 2007. a. ilmunud raamatust "Maja kui sümbol : Eesti Üliõpilaste Seltsi hoone Tartus" kohta. Georg Hellati ja Karl Menningu osalusest EÜS-i hoone sünniloos. Frank Lloyd Wrightist kui võimalikust eeskujuandjast

  15. Churchi-Pytagorase tees / Robert Rosen ; tõlk. Kalle Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosen, Robert

    2006-01-01

    Autori essee peamiseks mõtteks on põhjendada ühismõõdutuse tegelikkust ja näidata, kuidas matemaatika ja looduse vahekorra mõistmine on seotud matemaatika enda arendamise strateegiaga. Lisaks ka Kalevi Kulli märkused autori kohta

  16. The Diatom Anorthoneis dulcis Hein from Southern Brazil: Morphology and Ecology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garcia Marinês

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A new geographic locality for Anorthoneis dulcis is reported. The paper describes the distribution and relative abundance of A. dulcis in Lagoa dos Patos lagoon (a lagoon in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil from samples collected between 2004 and 2005, and shows that this rare species is present all year round. This study extends the species distribution to South America indicating that the species can thrive on sand grains in lentic estuarine, and freshwater areas. It widens the range of tolerance to environmental parameters. The valve fine structure, morphology, and dimensions are in agreement with the original diagnosis.

  17. Tagasiviitavad tõendid: teine pilk pilditeadusele / Beat Wyss ; intervjueerinud Ivar-Kristjan Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Wyss, Beat, 1947-

    2011-01-01

    Intervjuus Karlsruhe kunsti- ja disainiülikooli kunstiajaloo ja meediateooria professori Beat Wyssiga on teemaks Zürichis tema juhitav uurimisprojekt, mille keskmes on Venezia biennaal Ida-Euroopa riikide positsioonilt, tema EKA Kunstiteaduse Instituudi doktorantidele peetud seminar "Tagasiviitavad tõendid. Teine pilk pilditeadusele", tema kaasaegse kunsti universaalsed põhimõtted

  18. The moral challenge of green technology / Aarne P Vesilind, Lauren Heine, Jamie Hendry

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vesilind, Aarne P

    2006-01-01

    Autorid leiavad, et rohelise tehnoloogia kasutuselevõtu ja ettevõtete kasumi teenimise vastuseisu korral võidab kasumlikkus ning reguleerimata vaba turu süsteem ei toeta jätkusuutlikku arengut. Käsitletakse ettevõtte DuPont tegevdirektori Chad Holliday otsust jätkata tulutoova toote Teflon tootmist

  19. Raamat sünnib kuulata / Meelis Mihkla, Indrek Hein, Andrus Hiiepuu ...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2017-01-01

    Tekstide helindamissüsteemidest: Eesti Keele Instituudis loodud tekstide helindaja Vox Populi, Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu digitaalarhiivi DIGAR helindamisliides, Elisa Raamatu rakendus Iselugeja. Tekstitöötlus- ja hääldusprobleemidest ning tekstiliigenduse esiletoomisest sünteeskõnes

  20. Kakskeelse ja oraalse õppemeetodi mõju kurtide laste keelekasutusele / Kadri Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Kadri

    2009-01-01

    Artiklis vaadeldakse, kuidas mõjutavad kakskeelne ja oraalne õppemeetod kurtide keelekasutust. Küsitletud on Tallinna Heleni Kooli ja Tartu Hiie Kooli õpilasi. Uuriti, kuidas lapsed suhtlevad pereliikmete ja sõpradega, kuidas suheldakse väljaspool kodu, mis keelt peavad õpilased oma emakeeleks ning mis tasemel nad viipekeelt ja eesti keelt oskavad

  1. Kunstnik ja tema kodu : Carl Timoleon von Neff Piira ja Muuga mõisas / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Ateljeedest Euroopas alates 15. sajandist ja Eestis alates 19. sajandist. Pikemalt Julius Kleveri ja Otto Moelleri ateljeest. Maalikunstnik Carl Timoleon von Neffi elust ja loomingust, kunsti kollektsioneerimisest. Piira ja Muuga mõisahoonest, plaanid, sise- ja välisvaated

  2. Kakskeelse ja oraalse õppemeetodi mõju kurtide laste keelekasutusele / Kadri Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Kadri

    2009-01-01

    Artiklis vaadeldakse, kuidas mõjutavad kakskeelne ja oraalne õppemeetod kurtide keelekasutust. Küsitletud on Tallinna Heleni Kooli ja Tartu Hiie Kooli õpilasi. Uuriti, kuidas lapsed suhtlevad pereliikmete ja sõpradega, kuidas suheldakse väljaspool kodu, mis keelt peavad õpilased oma emakeeleks ning mis tasemel nad viipekeelt ja eesti keelt oskavad

  3. Millal valida täiuslikkuse mudel, millal tasakaalus tulemuskaart? / Terje Keerberg, Kaido Väljaots, Tõnu Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keerberg, Terje

    2003-01-01

    HeiVäl Consulting Groupi konsultandid võrdlevad kahte ettevõtte tegevuse jälgimise ja analüüsimise metoodikat - EFQMi täiuslikkuse mudelit ja tasakaalus tulemuskaarti. Tabel ja skeemid: mudelites kasutatavate mõistete võrdlus; mudelite kombineeritud kasutamine strateegilisel planeerimisel; täiuslikkuse mudel; tasakaalus tulemuskaart; mudelite kombineeritud kasutamisest tulenev sünergia; mudelite omavaheline seos. Lisa: Täiuslikkuse mudeli ja tasakaalus tulemuskaardi võrdlus.

  4. Sisearhitekt annab panuse : hea disaini mõõdupuuks ratsionaalsus ja omapära / Tea Taruste ; kommenteerinud Loreida Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taruste, Tea

    2011-01-01

    Tomomi Hayashi, Ahti Grünbergi ja Kerli Valgu projekteeritud ADM Interactive'i bürooruumidest. Sisearhitekt Priit Põldme nõuandeid bürooruumide ümberkujundamiseks. Loreida Heina kommentaar "Bürood uuendades pole mõtet kogu mööblit välja vahetada"

  5. Millal valida täiuslikkuse mudel, millal tasakaalus tulemuskaart? / Terje Keerberg, Kaido Väljaots, Tõnu Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keerberg, Terje

    2003-01-01

    HeiVäl Consulting Groupi konsultandid võrdlevad kahte ettevõtte tegevuse jälgimise ja analüüsimise metoodikat - EFQMi täiuslikkuse mudelit ja tasakaalus tulemuskaarti. Tabel ja skeemid: mudelites kasutatavate mõistete võrdlus; mudelite kombineeritud kasutamine strateegilisel planeerimisel; täiuslikkuse mudel; tasakaalus tulemuskaart; mudelite kombineeritud kasutamisest tulenev sünergia; mudelite omavaheline seos. Lisa: Täiuslikkuse mudeli ja tasakaalus tulemuskaardi võrdlus.

  6. Simultaneous HPTLC-UV530 nm analysis and validation of bioactive lupeol and stigmasterol in Hygrophila auriculata (K. Schum) Heine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Md Sarfaraj Hussain; Sheeba Fareed; Mohammad Ali

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To analyse the two marker compounds lupeol (LP) and stigmasterol (ST) from methanolic extract of Hygrophila auriculata (H. auriculata). Methods: Separation was achieved on aluminium plates precoated with silica gel 60F254 with toluene-methanol-formic acid (7.0:2.7: 0.3 v/v/v) as mobile phase. Results: Densitometric analysis was performed at 530 nm in the reflectance mode. Compact bands for LP and ST were obtained at RF 0.52 ± 0.02 and 0.28 ± 0.05. Linearity (r2=0.998 5 and 0.993 7), limit of detection (45 and 18 ng/band) limit of quantification (135 and 54 ng/band), recovery (98.2%-99.7% and 97.2%-99.6%), and precision (<2.18 and 1.91) were satisfactory for LP and ST respectively. Linearity range for LP and ST were 100-1 000 and 50-500 ng/band and the contents estimated as (0.19±0.1)% and (0.47±0.1)% w/w respectively. Conclusion:The method demonstrated efficient analysis testing of LP and ST in samples; therefore it can be used for routine analysis.

  7. "Esialgses vormis, ilma olulisema inetamise ja muutmiseta" : Tallinna Oleviste kiriku taastamine pärast 1820. aasta tulekahju / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2015-01-01

    Tulekahjust. Taastamistööde finantseerimisest. Kahest olulisest nimest Oleviste ehitusloos - Alexander Feldmann'ist ja Friedrich Ludwig von Maydell'ist. Taastamistööde käigust. Altaritest ja kantslist. Tisleritöödest, orelist

  8. Bemd Heine and Tania Kuteva(2005).Language Contact and Grammatical Change%《语言接触与语法演变》介评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林有苗

    2008-01-01

    @@ 在历时语言学领域.语法化理论框架已基本建立,并赢得了其应有的理论地位.然而,先前的相关研究大多将语法化机制视为语言内在的演化进程(language-internal process).一书则选取不同的研究视角.

  9. B. Heine & T. Kuteva.2006.The Changing Languages of Europe%《变化中的欧洲语言》述介

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙海平; 刘云

    2008-01-01

    1.引言 德国科隆大学的Bernd Heine教授和杜塞尔多夫大学的Tania Kuteva教授近年来一直致力于语法化和语言接触之间关系的研究,曾于2005年合著《语言接触与语法变化》(Language Contact and Grammatical Change)一书。书中作者开拓性地从语法化的角度解释语言结构和语言范畴,

  10. Heinrich Heine's Poems and the Romantic Ballad Style%海涅诗歌与浪漫主义民歌风格

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘敏

    2005-01-01

    海涅的诗歌是有机地从德国浪漫主义诗歌发展而来的.本文探讨海涅在早期诗歌创作中对浪漫主义民歌风格的继承与超越,以及他如何找到自己的独特风格,并指出海涅诗歌在接受过程中遭遇的常见的误解.

  11. Amelioration of mercuric chloride induced oxidative stress by Hygrophila auriculata (K.Schum Heine via modulating the oxidant - antioxidant imbalance in rat liver.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metharmitla Perumal Naidu Sridhar

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE Medicinal plants and their phytochemical constituents are considered as paramount entity to treat various human ailments. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of ethanolic extract of Hygrophila auriculata on mercury induced oxidative damage in rat liver. Mercuric chloride (HgCl2 (1mg/kg b.w, i.p was administered three times in a week for two weeks to induce mercury toxicity. Mercury damage to the liver was evident from increase in the activities of marker enzymes such as alanine transaminase (ALT, aspartate transaminase (AST, alkaline phosphatase (ALP and acid phosphatase (ACP in serum. The level of lipid peroxidation (LPO was increased in liver tissue with concomitant decrease in both the enzymic and non-enzymic antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase (SOD, catalase (CAT, glutathione peroxidase (GPx, reduced glutathione (GSH, vitamin C and vitamin E. The  glutathione  metabolizing  enzymes  viz.,  glutathione  reductase (GR,  glucose-6- phosphatase dehydrogenase  (G6PD and glutathione  -S- transferase  (GST were also found to be decreased. Interestingly post treatment with ethanolic extract of Hygrophila auriculata (100 mg/kg b.w, p.o for 10 days after mercury induction significantly ameliorated the mercury induced oxidative damage which is evidenced by the reduction in the marker enzymes, lipid peroxidation and increase in the antioxidant enzymes and glutathione metabolizing enzymes. Thus, this remarkable hepatoprotective activity of ethonolic extact of the plant could be due to the antioxidant  nature, which scavenge excessive free radicals that were involved in the acceleration of  per-oxidation  reaction  and  the potent membrane protective property which ultimately  render protection to the liver against HgCl2 induced oxidative damage.

  12. AMELIORATIVE EFFECT OF HYGROPHILA AURICULATA (K. SCHUM HEINE ON LIPID PEROXIDATION IN A RAT MODEL OF N-NITROSODIETHYLAMINE INDUCED HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Premkumari et al

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed to investigate the ameliorative effect effect of Hygrophila auriculata (H. auriculata on lipid peroxidation (LPO in Nnitrosodiethylamine induced Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC in rats. Experimental rats were divided into different groups: normal, NNitrosodiethylamine induced hepatocellular Carcinoma bearing rats, H.auriculata treated hepatocellular carcinoma bearing rats, (200 mg/kg body weight, doses for 28 days, Animals treated with plant extract alone for 28 days. After the treatment period of 28th day , effect of H.auriculata on LPO in serum , liver and kidney of control and experimental animals were assayed and compared. Under basal and in the presence of inducers (H2O2, the levels of LPO were increased significantly (p<0.001 in group II cancer bearing animals where as the levels of LPO in the presence of ascorbic acid and FeSO4, were not statistically different. In group III plant extract treated animals, significant decrease on LPO was observed. However, the changes in the above parameters were comparable with control.Thus, methanolic extract of H. auriculata ameliorated the LPO which is associated with the development of HCC to near normal in HCC bearing rats which could be attributed to the presence of polyphenols and flavonoids in the plant extract. Antioxidants act as radical scavenger, inhibit LPO and other free radicalmediated processes, thereby protecting the human body from various diseases.

  13. Die "Forschungsstelle Qualitative Methoden" an der Heinrich Heine-Universität Düsseldorf: Ansätze zu einer sozialwissenschaftlich angeregten Psychotherapieforschung

    OpenAIRE

    Stratkötter, Andreas

    2000-01-01

    Es wird die qualitative Forschungstätigkeit der Abteilung Psychosomatik an der Universität Düsseldorf vorgestellt. Die Auswahl und Entwicklung qualitativer Forschungsmethoden für unser Arbeitsfeld wird angesprochen, in einer Übersicht werden die bearbeiteten Themen präsentiert: Narrative und Selbstbeschreibungen in psychotherapeutischen Erstgesprächen; musiktherapeutische Improvisationen; das Krankheitserleben von Endometriose-Patientinnen; Perspektiven des Verlaufs einer teilstationär-psycho...

  14. Implementation of palliative care as a mandatory cross-disciplinary subject (QB13 at the Medical Faculty of the Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schulz, Christian

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: By means of the revision of the Medical Licensure Act for Physicians (ÄAppO in 2009, undergraduate palliative care education (UPCE was incorporated as a mandatory cross sectional examination subject (QB13 in medical education in Germany. Its implementation still constitutes a major challenge for German medical faculties. There is a discrepancy between limited university resources and limited patient availabilities and high numbers of medical students. Apart from teaching theoretical knowledge and skills, palliative care education is faced with the particular challenge of imparting a professional and adequate attitude towards incurably ill and dying patients and their relatives.Project description: Against this background, an evidence-based longitudinal UPCE curriculum was systematically developed following Kern’s Cycle and partly implemented and evaluated by the students participating in the pilot project. Innovative teaching methods (virtual standardised/simulated patient contacts, e-learning courses, interdisciplinary and interprofessional collaborative teaching, and group sessions for reflective self-development aim at teaching palliative care-related core competencies within the clinical context and on an interdisciplinary and interprofessional basis.Results: After almost five years of development and evaluation, the UPCE curriculum comprises 60 teaching units and is being fully implemented and taught for the first time in the winter semester 2014/15. The previous pilot phases were successfully concluded. To date, the pilot phases (n=26, the subproject “E-learning in palliative care” (n=518 and the blended-learning elective course “Communication with dying patients” (n=12 have been successfully evaluated.Conclusion: All conducted development steps and all developed programmes are available for other palliative care educators (Open Access. The integrated teaching formats and methods (video, e-learning module, interprofessional education, group sessions for reflexive self-development and their evaluations are intended to make a contribution to an evidence-based development of palliative care curricula in Germany.

  15. Kes peab posti- või Interneti-müügi lepingust taganemisel kandma esialgsed postikulud? : Euroopa Kohtu otsus asjas Handelsgesellschaft Heinrich Heine GmbH vs. Verbraucherzentrale Nordrhein-Westfalen e.V. / Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    Euroopa Kohtu lahendist, mille kohaselt on Euroopa Liidu kaugmüügidirektiiviga vastuolus müügilepingu klauslid, mille järgi lepingust taganemise korral esialgseid postikulusid tellijatele ei tagastata

  16. Kes peab posti- või Interneti-müügi lepingust taganemisel kandma esialgsed postikulud? : Euroopa Kohtu otsus asjas Handelsgesellschaft Heinrich Heine GmbH vs. Verbraucherzentrale Nordrhein-Westfalen e.V. / Karin Sein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sein, Karin, 1974-

    2010-01-01

    Euroopa Kohtu lahendist, mille kohaselt on Euroopa Liidu kaugmüügidirektiiviga vastuolus müügilepingu klauslid, mille järgi lepingust taganemise korral esialgseid postikulusid tellijatele ei tagastata

  17. Kui räägime eesti keele ainekavast, siis millest õigupoolest räägime? / Ivika Hein, Aime Klandorf, Küllike Kütimets, Piibe Leiger...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Kolmest põhimõttelisest muudatusest võrreldes 2002. a. ainekavaga. Vastukaja artiklitele: Kerge, Krista. Eesti emakeele õpetajale. Uusen, Anne. Veel kord õppekavast // Õpetajate Leht (2007) 23. veebr., lk. 6-7

  18. Johann Christoph Brotze ja ajalugu akvarellides / Teet Veispak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Veispak, Teet, 1955-

    2006-01-01

    Kirjastuselt Estopol ilmus 2006. a. raamat "Estonica" Riias tegutsenud baltisaksa kultuuriloolase Eestit puudutavatest akvarellidest ja joonistustest. Koostajad Ants Hein, Ivar Leimus, Raimo Pullat ja Ants Viires

  19. Mechanisms of heme iron absorption: Current questions and controversies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Iron is a critical micronutrient, and iron derived from heme contributes a large proportion of the total iron absorbed in a typical Western diet. Heine iron is absorbed by different mechanisms than non-heine iron, but despite considerable study over many years these mechanisms remain poorly understood. This review provides an overview of the importance of heme iron in the diet and discusses the two prevailing hypotheses of heine absorption; namely receptor mediated endocytosis of heme, and direct transport into the intestinal enterocyte by recently discovered heine transporters. A specific emphasis is placed on the questions surrounding the site of heme catabolism and the identity of the enzyme that performs this task. Additionally, we present the hypothesis that a nonheme iron transport protein may be required for heine iron absorption and discuss the experiences of our laboratory in examining this hypothesis.

  20. Kaks grenaderi : [luuletused] / Heinrich Heine ; tlk. August Sang, Ellen Niit, Karl Eduard Sööt, Gustav Wulff-Õis, Minni Nurme, Märt Pukits, Anna Haava, Debora Vaarandi, Jaan Kross, August Annist, Jaan Kärner, Martin Lipp, Jakob Tamm, Eduard Lud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heine, Heinrich, 1797-1856

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Kaks grenaderi ; Ärasõit ; Emale ; "See oli lahkel lehekuul..." ; "Mu silmaveest sigivad lilled..." ; "Su nägu armast, ilusat..." ; "Sääl kõrgel liikumata..." ; "Sind kannan laulu tiivul..." ; "Õrn lootoslill end varjab..." ; "Maailm on juhm, ja juhmimaks..." ; "Kui teaksid lilled aasal..." ; Lüüriline intermetso ; "Maast särava päikese poole..." ; "On suvi nüüd, õhetav suvi..." ; "Näen unes sind ma öösiti..." ; "Puil sügistuul raputab oksi..." ; "Kord mu hämarasse ellu..." ; "Mis peaks küll tähendama..." ; "Sa, kaunis kaluritütar..." ; "Kuu tõusnud kulla karva..." ; "Kuu kui hiiglapomerants..." ; "Öö ligines... Õhtu eha sees..." ; "Ma kaugel horisondil..." ; "Öö vaikuses on linn kõik vaga..." ; "Küll aastad tulevad, kaovad..." ; "Kuu paistis kurvalt - nii nägin und..." ; "Ilm arvab armuvalus..." ; "See, kes esmakordselt armub..." ; "Suveõhtu hämardumas..." ; "Öö on teel... Silm ette vaatab..." ; "Kus on nüüd see kullakene..." ; Mäeidüll ; "Kui sa valge puu all istud..." ; "Jälle süda unest ärkab..." ; "Nägin haldjaid kihutamas..." ; "Ülal tähed kuldseil jalgel..." ; Seraphine : "Öö on mustad tiivad laotand..." ; "Nii vaikselt viirab merepind..." ; "Hämar öö on üle mere..." ; "Kui oleks ta kullast, nii sädeleb..." ; Hortense : "Me tänavanurgal seisime ; "Ei kaua petnud mind see õnn..." ; Klarisse : "On hilja, mis sa naerad mulle..." ; Anno 1839 ; Kus? ; Saladus ; Laatsarus : Surija ; Targad tähed ; Saksamaa ; Elusõit. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 459

  1. Kaks grenaderi : [luuletused] / Heinrich Heine ; tlk. August Sang, Ellen Niit, Karl Eduard Sööt, Gustav Wulff-Õis, Minni Nurme, Märt Pukits, Anna Haava, Debora Vaarandi, Jaan Kross, August Annist, Jaan Kärner, Martin Lipp, Jakob Tamm, Eduard Lud

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heine, Heinrich, 1797-1856

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Kaks grenaderi ; Ärasõit ; Emale ; "See oli lahkel lehekuul..." ; "Mu silmaveest sigivad lilled..." ; "Su nägu armast, ilusat..." ; "Sääl kõrgel liikumata..." ; "Sind kannan laulu tiivul..." ; "Õrn lootoslill end varjab..." ; "Maailm on juhm, ja juhmimaks..." ; "Kui teaksid lilled aasal..." ; Lüüriline intermetso ; "Maast särava päikese poole..." ; "On suvi nüüd, õhetav suvi..." ; "Näen unes sind ma öösiti..." ; "Puil sügistuul raputab oksi..." ; "Kord mu hämarasse ellu..." ; "Mis peaks küll tähendama..." ; "Sa, kaunis kaluritütar..." ; "Kuu tõusnud kulla karva..." ; "Kuu kui hiiglapomerants..." ; "Öö ligines... Õhtu eha sees..." ; "Ma kaugel horisondil..." ; "Öö vaikuses on linn kõik vaga..." ; "Küll aastad tulevad, kaovad..." ; "Kuu paistis kurvalt - nii nägin und..." ; "Ilm arvab armuvalus..." ; "See, kes esmakordselt armub..." ; "Suveõhtu hämardumas..." ; "Öö on teel... Silm ette vaatab..." ; "Kus on nüüd see kullakene..." ; Mäeidüll ; "Kui sa valge puu all istud..." ; "Jälle süda unest ärkab..." ; "Nägin haldjaid kihutamas..." ; "Ülal tähed kuldseil jalgel..." ; Seraphine : "Öö on mustad tiivad laotand..." ; "Nii vaikselt viirab merepind..." ; "Hämar öö on üle mere..." ; "Kui oleks ta kullast, nii sädeleb..." ; Hortense : "Me tänavanurgal seisime ; "Ei kaua petnud mind see õnn..." ; Klarisse : "On hilja, mis sa naerad mulle..." ; Anno 1839 ; Kus? ; Saladus ; Laatsarus : Surija ; Targad tähed ; Saksamaa ; Elusõit. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 459

  2. Three Models of Faust’s Character

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana V. Kiryanova

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The article examines three independent images of Faust, created during XVIII–XIX centuries by F. Klinger, I.F. Goethe and H. Heine and literary models, resulting from these images.

  3. Search and Seizure in Public Schools: Are Our Children's Rights Going to the Dogs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helfer, Erica Tina

    1979-01-01

    "Renfrow" represents an aberration in the law. The court offered no relief against a patently unlawful practice involving the search of thousands of innocent children. Available from William S. Hein & Co., 1285 Main Street, Buffalo, NY 14209. (Author/IRT)

  4. Peeter "Tähemees" Kern ei lähe haibiga kaasa / Enn Heinsoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heinsoo, Enn

    2007-01-01

    Starmani suuromanik Peeter Kern hindab oma tehnoloogialembuse taset. Iseehitatud telefoniteenus kestab tänaseni. Lõpetamata reaalharidus nagu Bill Gatesil. Kommenteerib Raivo Hein: Peeter Kern on vastikult pedantne, aga jubedalt tark

  5. Tähemees sõuab visalt edasi / Martin Hanson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hanson, Martin, 1984-

    2007-01-01

    AS-i Starman asutaja, juht ja osanik Peeter Kern ei soovi oma osalust firmas müüa. Vt. samas: CV; Kruvikeerajad, tsiklid ja sigarid. Kommenteerivad Valdo Kalm, Andrus Hiiepuu, Raivo Hein ja Märt Jakobson

  6. DEET Repellents Safe in Pregnancy to Prevent Zika, Researchers Say

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... study. It's published in the November issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology . "Proper" use, Wylie added, means avoiding the ... said Dr. R. Phillips Heine, a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Duke University Medical Center in ...

  7. LHV aktsiad on paljude tuntud eesti äritegelaste omanduses / Gert D. Hankewitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hankewitz, Gert D.

    2011-01-01

    LHV Pank avalikustas suuremate aktsionäride nimed. 77 protsenti aktsiatest kuulub kuuele LHV nõukogu liikmele, kelleks on Rain Lõhmus, Andres Viisemann, Tiina Mõis, Heldur Meerits, Hannes Tamjärv ja Raivo Hein

  8. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Marfo

    The book, which is primarily on the noun phrase of Akan and perhaps the first ... the Akan noun phrase (NP), which is then comprehensively and clearly presented. ..... Traugott and B. Heine, eds., Approaches to Grammaticalization Vol.

  9. Holland piiraks sisserännet EL-i / Ahto Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Hollandi justiitsministri Piet Hein Donneri sõnul otsib EL-i praegune eesistujamaa Holland lahendusi, mis aitaksid põgenikke ja potentsiaalseid asüülitaotlejaid paremini kaitsta nende asukohariikide läheduses

  10. Holland piiraks sisserännet EL-i / Ahto Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Ahto, 1970-

    2004-01-01

    Hollandi justiitsministri Piet Hein Donneri sõnul otsib EL-i praegune eesistujamaa Holland lahendusi, mis aitaksid põgenikke ja potentsiaalseid asüülitaotlejaid paremini kaitsta nende asukohariikide läheduses

  11. 佐敦SeaQauntum系列无锡防污漆

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜阳

    2001-01-01

    About thirty years after the invention of TBT SPC, Jotun develops a new generation of Tin-free Self Polishing Antifouling Paint based on the mechanism of hydrolysis-SeaQuantum. Hydrolysis assures SeaQuantum of equal, if not better performance than the best TBT containing selfpolishing antifouling. New polymer and active ingredients make it possible for SeaQuantum to meet the IMO draft and to provide antifouling protection up to 60 months. The performance of SeaQauntum has been well proven by the test of more than 400 drydockings and 120 new buildings in last nine years.

  12. Enzymes of heme metabolism in the kidney: regulation by trace metals which do not form heme complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maines, M D; Kappas, A

    1977-11-01

    The in vivo regulation by metal ions of the enzymes of heme metabolism in kidney-particularly of ALAS, the rate-limiting enzyme in heine formation- was investigated. Ni(2+) and Pt(4+), metals which do not enzymatically form metalloporphyrins, were found to regulate ALAS in kidney as they do in liver. The pattern of this regulation was generally similar to that observed with heme and metal ions in liver, i.e., a late increase in enzyme activity after an early period in which ALAS activity was unaltered or inhibited. The metals did not interact with the enzyme in vitro to alter its activity. In this study no direct reciprocal relationship between ALAS activity and total cellular heine content was demonstrated. The metal ions, particularly Pt(4+), also altered the activity of other enzymes of heme biosynthesis in kidney. Pt(4+) severely inhibited the activity of ALAD and UROS. Ni(2+) and Pt(4+) were potent inducers of heme oxygenase, the initial and rate-limiting enzyme in heine degradation. It is proposed that the physiological regulation of ALAS is mediated through the action of metal ions, rather than by the cellular content of heine, and that the regulation of ALAS by heine reflects the action of the central metal ion of heme rather than that of the entire metalloporphyrin complex. In this proposed mechanism for metal ion regulation of ALAS, the tetrapyrrole moiety of heine is considered to function principally as an efficient carrier of metal to the regulatory site for ALAS production, inasmuch as the tetrapyrrole ring itself has been shown in earlier studies not to have any effect on ALAS activity. The production of heine oxygenase is believed to be similarly regulated.

  13. Eesti-Leedu sõpruskohtumised / Maarin Ektermann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ektermann, Maarin

    2007-01-01

    Noorte maalikunstnike ühisnäitused "Shoot or Shout - No Escape" Vilniuse Art's Printing House'is 19. X-3. XI 2006 (lisaks kodus maalitud töödele maalisid Aivar Reisner, Sirli Hein ja Rait Rosin remake'e leedu kunstnike töödest) ja "Fresh Paint" Vaal-galeriis 29. III-17. IV. Paaride Triinu Lill ja Agne Jonkute, Sirli Hein ja Sandra Lukoshevichiute, Agne Kulbyte ja Merike Estna ning Rait Rosina, Konstantinas Gaitanzhi ja Elis Saarevälja töödest

  14. Eesti-Leedu sõpruskohtumised / Maarin Ektermann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ektermann, Maarin

    2007-01-01

    Noorte maalikunstnike ühisnäitused "Shoot or Shout - No Escape" Vilniuse Art's Printing House'is 19. X-3. XI 2006 (lisaks kodus maalitud töödele maalisid Aivar Reisner, Sirli Hein ja Rait Rosin remake'e leedu kunstnike töödest) ja "Fresh Paint" Vaal-galeriis 29. III-17. IV. Paaride Triinu Lill ja Agne Jonkute, Sirli Hein ja Sandra Lukoshevichiute, Agne Kulbyte ja Merike Estna ning Rait Rosina, Konstantinas Gaitanzhi ja Elis Saarevälja töödest

  15. Entanglement in eight-qubit graph states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cabello, Adan [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada II, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41012 Sevilla (Spain)], E-mail: adan@us.es; Lopez-Tarrida, Antonio J.; Moreno, Pilar [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada II, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41012 Sevilla (Spain); Portillo, Jose R. [Departamento de Matematica Aplicada I, Universidad de Sevilla, E-41012 Sevilla (Spain)

    2009-06-15

    Any 8-qubit graph state belongs to one of the 101 equivalence classes under local unitary operations within the Clifford group. For each of these classes we obtain a representative which requires the minimum number of controlled-Z gates for its preparation, and calculate the Schmidt measure for the 8-partite split, and the Schmidt ranks for all bipartite splits. This results into an extension to 8 qubits of the classification of graph states proposed by Hein, Eisert, and Briegel [M. Hein, J. Eisert, H.J. Briegel, Phys. Rev. A 69 (2004) 062311].

  16. Environmental monitoring survey of oil and gas fields in Region II in 2009. Summary report; Miljoeovervaaking av olje- og gassfelt i Region II i 2009. Sammendragsrapport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-03-15

    The oil companies Statoil ASA, ExxonMobil Exploration and Production Norway AS, Total E&P Norge AS, Talisman Energy Norge AS and Marathon Petroleum Norge AS commissioned Section of Applied Environmental Research at UNI RESEARCH AS to undertake the monitoring survey of Region II in 2009. Similar monitoring surveys in Region II have been carried out in 1996, 2000, 2003 and 2006. The survey in 2009 included in total 18 fields: Rev, Varg, Sigyn, Sleipner Vest, Sleipner Oest, Sleipner Alfa Nord, Glitne, Grane, Balder, Ringhorne, Jotun, Vale, Skirne, Byggve, Heimdal, Volve, Vilje og Alvheim. Sampling was conducted from the vessel MV Libas between May 18 and May 27. Samples were collected from in totally 137 sampling sites, of which 15 were regional sampling sites. Samples for chemical analysis were collected at all sites, whereas samples for benthos analysis were collected at 12 fields. As in previous surveys, Region II is divided into natural sub-regions. One sub-region is shallow (77-96 m) sub-region, a central sub-region (107-130 m) and a northern subregion (115-119 m). The sediments of the shallow sub-region had relatively lower content of TOM and pelite and higher content of fine sand than the central and northern sub-regions. Calculated areas of contamination are shown for the sub-regions in Table 1.1. The fields Sigyn, Sleipner Alfa Nord, Glitne, Grane, Balder, Ringhorne, Jotun, Skirne, Byggve, Vilje og Alvheim showed no contamination of THC. At the other fields there were minor changes from 2006. The concentrations of barium increased in the central sub-region from 2006 to 2009, also at fields where no drilling had been undertaken during the last years. The same laboratory and methods are used during the three last regional investigations. The changes in barium concentrations may be due to high variability of barium concentrations in the sediments. This is supported by relatively large variations in average barium concentrations at the regional sampling sites in

  17. Environmental monitoring survey of oil and gas fields in Region II in 2009. Summary report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-03-15

    The oil companies Statoil ASA, ExxonMobil Exploration and Production Norway AS, Total E&P Norge AS, Talisman Energy Norge AS and Marathon Petroleum Norge AS commissioned Section of Applied Environmental Research at UNI RESEARCH AS to undertake the monitoring survey of Region II in 2009. Similar monitoring surveys in Region II have been carried out in 1996, 2000, 2003 and 2006. The survey in 2009 included in total 18 fields: Rev, Varg, Sigyn, Sleipner Vest, Sleipner OEst, Sleipner Alfa Nord, Glitne, Grane, Balder, Ringhorne, Jotun, Vale, Skirne, Byggve, Heimdal, Volve, Vilje og Alvheim. Sampling was conducted from the vessel MV Libas between May 18 and May 27. Samples were collected from in totally 137 sampling sites, of which 15 were regional sampling sites. Samples for chemical analysis were collected at all sites, whereas samples for benthos analysis were collected at 12 fields. As in previous surveys, Region II is divided into natural sub-regions. One sub-region is shallow (77-96 m) sub-region, a central sub-region (107-130 m) and a northern subregion (115-119 m). The sediments of the shallow sub-region had relatively lower content of TOM and pelite and higher content of fine sand than the central and northern sub-regions. Calculated areas of contamination are shown for the sub-regions in Table 1.1. The fields Sigyn, Sleipner Alfa Nord, Glitne, Grane, Balder, Ringhorne, Jotun, Skirne, Byggve, Vilje og Alvheim showed no contamination of THC. At the other fields there were minor changes from 2006. The concentrations of barium increased in the central sub-region from 2006 to 2009, also at fields where no drilling had been undertaken during the last years. The same laboratory and methods are used during the three last regional investigations. The changes in barium concentrations may be due to high variability of barium concentrations in the sediments. This is supported by relatively large variations in average barium concentrations at the regional sampling sites in

  18. Environmental monitoring survey of oil and gas fields in Region II in 2009. Summary report; Miljoeovervaaking av olje- og gassfelt i Region II i 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2010-03-15

    The oil companies Statoil ASA, ExxonMobil Exploration and Production Norway AS, Total E&P Norge AS, Talisman Energy Norge AS and Marathon Petroleum Norge AS commissioned Section of Applied Environmental Research at UNI RESEARCH AS to undertake the monitoring survey of Region II in 2009. Similar monitoring surveys in Region II have been carried out in 1996, 2000, 2003 and 2006. The survey in 2009 included in total 18 fields: Rev, Varg, Sigyn, Sleipner Vest, Sleipner OEst, Sleipner Alfa Nord, Glitne, Grane, Balder, Ringhorne, Jotun, Vale, Skirne, Byggve, Heimdal, Volve, Vilje og Alvheim. Sampling was conducted from the vessel MV Libas between May 18 and May 27. Samples were collected from in totally 137 sampling sites, of which 15 were regional sampling sites. Samples for chemical analysis were collected at all sites, whereas samples for benthos analysis were collected at 12 fields. As in previous surveys, Region II is divided into natural sub-regions. One sub-region is shallow (77-96 m) sub-region, a central sub-region (107-130 m) and a northern subregion (115-119 m). The sediments of the shallow sub-region had relatively lower content of TOM and pelite and higher content of fine sand than the central and northern sub-regions. Calculated areas of contamination are shown for the sub-regions in Table 1.1. The fields Sigyn, Sleipner Alfa Nord, Glitne, Grane, Balder, Ringhorne, Jotun, Skirne, Byggve, Vilje og Alvheim showed no contamination of THC. At the other fields there were minor changes from 2006. The concentrations of barium increased in the central sub-region from 2006 to 2009, also at fields where no drilling had been undertaken during the last years. The same laboratory and methods are used during the three last regional investigations. The changes in barium concentrations may be due to high variability of barium concentrations in the sediments. This is supported by relatively large variations in average barium concentrations at the regional sampling sites in

  19. De poliomyelitis-epidemie in Nederland. In 1938 en 1939.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolk, Habel Jan

    1949-01-01

    Nadat allereerst het begrip poliomyelitis is omschreven en de oudste Europese literatuur o.a. Badham (1835) is genoemd, worden in het algemeen overzicht de drie mijlpalen in de geschiedenis van de kinderverlamming besproken: het werk van Von Heine (de kliniek der ziekte, 1860), het werk van Medin (h

  20. Brouwer's Fan Theorem as an axiom and as a contrast to Kleene's Alternative

    CERN Document Server

    Veldman, Wim

    2011-01-01

    The paper is a contribution to intuitionistic reverse mathematics. Working in the context of a formal system called Basic Intuitionistic Mathematics BIM, we formulate a large number of equivalents of the Fan Theorem. We introduce the class of the closed-and-separable subsets of Baire space and consider the members of this class that enjoy the so-called Heine-Borel property. The Fan Theorem is the statement that Cantor space has this property. We prove that the class of the closed-and-separable subsets of Baire space with the Heine-Borel-property may be characterized in many different ways. We also consider the class of all closed-and-separable subsets of Baire space that positively fail to have the Heine-Borel-property and show that this class, too, admits of a large number of different descriptions. We then introduce the set of the real numbers and its closed-and-separable subsets, again examining in particular the closed-and-separable sets of reals that have or positively fail to have the Heine-Borel-proper...

  1. Brotze väljaande filoloogilisi probleeme / Mati Hint

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hint, Mati

    2007-01-01

    Rets. rmt. : Johann Christoph Brotze. Estonica. Koostanud / Herausgegeben von Ants Hein, Ivar Leimus, Raimo Pullat, Ants Viires. Projektijuht ja vastutav toimetaja : Raimo Pullat. tõlge eesti keelde: Tõnis Liibek, Ivar Leimus, tõlge saksa keelde: Aigi Heero, Ene Rõngelep. Kujundus: Andres Tali. Tallinn : Estopol OÜ, 2006. XXXVI, 619 lk. Teoses esinevaid keele- ja kohanimeprobleeme

  2. 26. V võõrustas Läti suursaadik Edgars Skuja Tallinnas Tõnismäel Liivimaa aja- ja kultuuriloo huvilist üldsust... / Aili Künstler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Künstler, Aili

    2005-01-01

    Antakse välja Riias tegutsenud baltisaksa kultuuriloolase Johann Christoph Brotze (1742-1823) siinset arhitektuuri, eluolu, inimtüüpe, maastikku, linnavaateid jms. kujutava materjaliga köide. J. Chr. Brotze joonistuste hulgast teevad valiku ja tema saksakeelset teksti kommenteerivad peatoimetaja Raimo Pullat, Ivar Leimus, Ants Hein, Ants Viires, Lauri Suurmaa ja Tõnis Liibek

  3. Kuhu investeerida ettevõtte müügiga teenitud raha? / Peeter Raidla

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raidla, Peeter, 1955-

    2008-01-01

    Investor Rain Lõhmus ning ärimehed Elmut Paavel ja Raivo Hein räägivad oma põhimõtetest ja kogemustest ettevõtete müügist laekunud raha paigutamisel. Lisa: Valik viimaste aastate suurtehinguid. Vt. samas: Intervjuu Ambient Sound Investments tegevjuhi Tauno Tatsiga. Skype'i mehed jätkavad innovatiivselt

  4. MarkIT büroo = Offices of MarkIT

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    Tallinnas Pärnu mnt. 102C asuvas büroohoones paikneva MarkIT büroo sisekujundusest. Sisearhitektid Kard Männil (SAB Miu Miu Miu) ja Loreida Hein (Studio La), nende tähtsamate tööde loetelu. Valge büroomööbel on sisearhitektide projekteeritud. Graafika on sisearhitektid ise joonistanud

  5. Body part terms as a semantic basis for grammaticalization : a Mordvin case study into spatial reference and beyond

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Pareren, Remco

    2013-01-01

    Body parts have played an important role in the development of theories describing grammaticalization processes (Heine and Kuteva, 2002, pp. 62-63 and 165-171). Within Uralic linguistics, this particular area of study has not yet received a great deal of attention, although the agglutinative charact

  6. Bonnie & Clyde versus Lonni ja Kard / Kard Männil, Loreida Heih ; intervjueerinud Pille Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Männil, Kard, 1980-

    2012-01-01

    Sisearhitektid Loreida Hein (Stuudio La) ja Kard Männil (Miu miu miu OÜ) endast, oma loomingust: ruumikujundustest, seinagraafikast, koos Timo Subbiga loodud uudse moodulmööbli süsteemist "Out of Box". Loetletud sisearhitektide ühiselt ja eraldi tehtud töid

  7. Creating Places Through the Arts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Line Marie Bruun

    2010-01-01

    This essay focuses on the exhibition of Jeppe Hein´s Modified Social Benches in public spaces in Aarhus. Primarily, I consider the question of whether relational aesthetics can contribute to the development of new urban-aesthetic experiences and can they add new dimensions to placemaking?...

  8. Kiltsi mõisa peahoone ja tiibhoonete restaureerimine = Restoration of the main building and wing buildings of Kiltsi manor / Nele Rohtla ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rohtla, Nele

    2012-01-01

    Restaureerimisarhitekt ja sisekujundaja Nele Rohtla (Mõisaprojekt), kes pälvis EK arhitektuuri sihtkapitali 2011. a. restaureerimispreemia mõisahoone kirjut ajalugu, ehituskihistusi ja tänapäevase koolimaja vajadusi ühendava restaureerimistöö eest. Ajaloolane Ants Hein. Konstruktor Virgo Eiche

  9. Book Reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Chemical Education, 1983

    1983-01-01

    Reviews two textbooks: "Principles of Biochemistry" by Albert L. Lehninger and "Inorganic Chemistry, A Modern Introduction" by Therald Moeller. Also reviews text, study guide, and laboratory manual for Morris Hein's "Foundations of College Chemistry, Fifth Edition" and text/study guide for David A. Ucko's "Basics for Chemistry." (JN)

  10. Marcel Odenbach. Konzept, Performance, Video, Installation 1975 – 1998

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kacunko, Slavko

    pedagogia, tra il 1987 e il 1993 Slavko Kacunko ha studiato storia dell`arte e filosofia presso la facoltà di filosofia dell`Università die Zagabria. Tra il 1994 e il 1998 frequent infine il corso di dottorato della facoltà di filosofia della Heinrich-Heine Universität di Düsseldorf. Con nummerose...

  11. High-Profile Plagiarism Prompts Soul-Searching in German Universities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hockenos, Paul

    2013-01-01

    Rarely do political scandal and academe collide so publicly as they have now, in Europe. In February, Germany's education minister stepped down after Heinrich Heine University, in Dusseldorf, revoked her doctorate because her thesis lifted passages from other sources without proper attribution. Her departure came after scandals over plagiarized…

  12. Kiltsi mõisa peahoone ja tiibhoonete restaureerimine = Restoration of the main building and wing buildings of Kiltsi manor / Nele Rohtla ; intervjueerinud Margit Mutso

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rohtla, Nele

    2012-01-01

    Restaureerimisarhitekt ja sisekujundaja Nele Rohtla (Mõisaprojekt), kes pälvis EK arhitektuuri sihtkapitali 2011. a. restaureerimispreemia mõisahoone kirjut ajalugu, ehituskihistusi ja tänapäevase koolimaja vajadusi ühendava restaureerimistöö eest. Ajaloolane Ants Hein. Konstruktor Virgo Eiche

  13. Publikuarmastus hotellitubades / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2011-01-01

    NU Performance Festival IV: Külalislahkusest / On Hospitality Tallinnas Viru hotellis 7.-10.11. 2011, kuraatorid Silke Bake ja Peter Stamer (Saksamaa). Heine Røsdal Avdali ja Yukiko Shinozaki lavastusest "Field Works - hotel". Kümne riigi kunstniku etendatavast performance'ist "The Love Piece"

  14. Creating Places Through the Arts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Line Marie Bruun

    2010-01-01

    This essay focuses on the exhibition of Jeppe Hein´s Modified Social Benches in public spaces in Aarhus. Primarily, I consider the question of whether relational aesthetics can contribute to the development of new urban-aesthetic experiences and can they add new dimensions to placemaking?...

  15. Predominance of N-acetyl transferase 2 slow acetylator alleles in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Student

    acetylator phenotype were the most predominant NAT2 allelic type and individuals with the phenotype were more likely to ... influence individual variation in cancer susceptibility, responses to ... development of bladder (Hein, 2002) and colon cancers ... temperature ≥ 37.5°C) or having a history of fever in the preceding.

  16. Censoring History: Citizenship and Memory in Japan, Germany, and the United States. Asia and the Pacific.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hein, Laura, Ed.; Selden, Mark, Ed.

    This collection of essays focuses on textbook treatments of World War II in Japan, Germany, and the United States and gives readers a new perspective on the creation of national identities and international misunderstandings. Essays in the collection are: (1) "The Lessons of War, Global Power, and Social Change" (Laura Hein; Mark Selden); (2) "The…

  17. Haapsalu ettevõte hakkas tegema heliravivoodeid / Tarmo Õuemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õuemaa, Tarmo, 1975-

    2016-01-01

    Haapsalu ettevõte Smartdo hakkas tegema heliravivoodeid, mille on välja töötanud Haapsalu kolledži tervisedenduse ja rehabilitatsiooni kompetentsikeskuse (TERE KK) disainerid koos vibroakustika spetsialistidega. Voodi tööstusdisainilahenduse autorid on Arvo Pärenson, Raivo Hein ja Taavet Pärenson

  18. Bonnie & Clyde versus Lonni ja Kard / Kard Männil, Loreida Heih ; intervjueerinud Pille Epner

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Männil, Kard, 1980-

    2012-01-01

    Sisearhitektid Loreida Hein (Stuudio La) ja Kard Männil (Miu miu miu OÜ) endast, oma loomingust: ruumikujundustest, seinagraafikast, koos Timo Subbiga loodud uudse moodulmööbli süsteemist "Out of Box". Loetletud sisearhitektide ühiselt ja eraldi tehtud töid

  19. Kolmnurgad vanalinna foonil / Anneliis Aunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunapuu, Anneliis

    2011-01-01

    Arhitektuuribüroos Kosmos projekteeritud äripindadega kortermajast Tallinna vanalinnas Vana-Viru ja Aia tänava nurgal. Ühiskondlikud siseruumid kujundas Ivi-Els Schneider, ühe korteri Aivar Mühlbach, Lounge Butterfly Loreida Hein

  20. Täna toimub Kadrioru lossis väliskunsti muuseumis...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Näituse "Kunstnik ja tema kodu. C. T. von Neffi kunstikogu Piira ja Muuga mõisast" raames toimuva ettekannete päeva "19. sajandi keskpaiga kunstiruum" kava. Esinevad Jevgenia Kiritshenko, Juri Gudõmenko, Ants Hein, Kadi Polli, Veronika Bogdan, Ingrida Raudsepa, Tiina Abel

  1. Hudozhnik i jego dom

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Näituse "Kunstnik ja tema kodu. C. T. von Neffi kunstikogu Piira ja Muuga mõisast" raames Väliskunsti Muuseumis toimunud konverentsi "19. sajandi keskpaiga kunstiruum" ettekannetest. Esinesid Jevgenia Kiritshenko, Juri Gudõmenko, Ants Hein, Kadi Polli, Veronika Bogdan, Ingrida Raudsepa, Tiina Abel

  2. Die invloed van herbivorie en vuur op die oorlewing van sekere meerjarige kruide langs die Sabierivier, Kruger Nasionale Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Myburgh

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Die groot vloede wat in die jaar 2000 in die Kruger Nasionale Park plaasgevind het, het dierivieroewerplantegroei versteur. Dit het die geleentheid gebied om heinings op te rig langsdie Sabierivier om herbivore uit sekere gebiede uit te sluit en sodoende die herstel van die rivieroewerekosisteme te monitor.

  3. The Legal Structure of Ring-Fenced Bodies in the United Kingdom - A Response to Consultation Paper CP19/14 on the Implementation of Ring-fencing: on Legal Structure, Governance and the continuity of Services and Facilities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Heine (Klaus); V.L.E. Cedeno-Brea (Enmanuel)

    2015-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ This paper is submitted by Prof. Dr. Klaus Heine1 and Enmanuel Cedeño-Brea2, in response to the Prudential Regulatory Authority’s (PRA) Consultation Paper CP19/14 on “The Implementation of Ring-fencing: consultation on legal structure, governance and the continuity of s

  4. Censoring History: Citizenship and Memory in Japan, Germany, and the United States. Asia and the Pacific.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hein, Laura, Ed.; Selden, Mark, Ed.

    This collection of essays focuses on textbook treatments of World War II in Japan, Germany, and the United States and gives readers a new perspective on the creation of national identities and international misunderstandings. Essays in the collection are: (1) "The Lessons of War, Global Power, and Social Change" (Laura Hein; Mark…

  5. Putting on a Game Face

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    More "game experience" needed as Olympics approach, says the IOC’s Verbruggen One year before the 2008 Beijing Olympics, Beijing Review reporter Liu Yunyun sat down with Hein Verbruggen, Chairman of the Coordination Commission of the International Olympic Committee, to get his views on Beijing’s Olympic preparation work.

  6. Children's Classics. Fifth Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Alice M.

    "Children's Classics," a 1947 article by Alice M. Jordan reprinted from "The Horn Book Magazine," examines the dynamics and appeal of some of the most famous books for young readers, including "Alice in Wonderland,""The Wind in the Willows,""Robinson Crusoe," and "Andersen's Fairy Tales." Paul Hein's annotated bibliography, a revision of Jordan's…

  7. [Refusal of food and fluids of a psychiatric patient in order to hasten death: obstacles for patient, family and care-team].

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koopmans, R.T.C.M.; Dekkers, W.J.M.

    2012-01-01

    In this case-report we present a patient with a psychiatric history of a chronic depressive disorder. After a period of several years of ambivalence, he decided to refuse nutrition and hydration because he--in the words of the Royal Dutch Medical Association--was "suffering from life". There was no

  8. Kolmnurgad vanalinna foonil / Anneliis Aunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunapuu, Anneliis

    2011-01-01

    Arhitektuuribüroos Kosmos projekteeritud äripindadega kortermajast Tallinna vanalinnas Vana-Viru ja Aia tänava nurgal. Ühiskondlikud siseruumid kujundas Ivi-Els Schneider, ühe korteri Aivar Mühlbach, Lounge Butterfly Loreida Hein

  9. Growth and activity of Sceloporus cowlesi (southwestern fence lizard)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heather L. Bateman; Alice Chung-MacCoubrey

    2012-01-01

    Lizards from the Sceloporus undulatus complex have been the subject of many studies on lizard ecology (Hager 2001; Rosenblum 2006; Rosenblum et al. 2007), behavior (Hein and Whitaker 1997; Robertson and Rosenblum 2009), and reproduction (Vinegar 1975; Robertson and Rosenblum 2010). However, genetic data (Leache and Reeder 2002) support reallocation of the subspecies of...

  10. Välinäituse stendid = Outdoor exhibition stands / Gert Sarv, Galina Burnakova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarv, Gert, 1971-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2012. aasta parima eseme preemia pälvinud välinäituse stendidest Vanasadama Admiraliteedi basseini kaldapealsel. Autorid: Gert Sarv, Galina Burnakova, Loreida Hein. Sisearhitekti ja ESLi aastapreemiate žürii liikme Tea Tammelaane arvamus

  11. Perceptual-Motor Foundations: A Multidisciplinary Concern. Proceedings of the Perceptual-Motor Symposium (Washington, D.C., May 8-10, 1968).

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

    The proceedings include addresses by Logan Wright on highlights of human development from birth to age 11, Leonard A. Cohen on development and function of the mechanisms of perception, Eric Denhoff on motor development as a function of perception, and Alan Hein on exposure history in spatial-motor development. Also provided are reports by William…

  12. Analysis of tunnel lining behaviour in soft soil during the construction stage, Second Heinenoord Tunnel

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosterhout, G.P.C. van; Blom, C.B.M.; Jovanovic, P.S.

    1999-01-01

    The paper addresses observations of the structural behaviour of the Tweede Heine-noordtunnel, a shield-driven tunnel in typical Dutch soft soils. Two rings were equipped with structural monitoring instrumentation. The measurements have shown that the assembly of the rings causes very significant ini

  13. Children's Classics. Fifth Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Alice M.

    "Children's Classics," a 1947 article by Alice M. Jordan reprinted from "The Horn Book Magazine," examines the dynamics and appeal of some of the most famous books for young readers, including "Alice in Wonderland,""The Wind in the Willows,""Robinson Crusoe," and "Andersen's Fairy Tales." Paul Hein's annotated bibliography, a revision of Jordan's…

  14. Heat Stable Nuclease Contamination of Lysostaphin

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-07-05

    staphylolyticus. J. Gen. Microbiol. 134:2615-2621. 3. Gruss, A., and R. Novick. 1986. Plasmid instability in regenerating protoplasts of Staphylococcus...DNA from bacterial cells. Appl . Environ. Microbiol. 51:1138-1140. 7. Heins, J. N., J. R. Suriano, H. Taniuchi, and C. Anfinsen. 1967

  15. Publikuarmastus hotellitubades / Tiiu Laks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laks, Tiiu, 1984-

    2011-01-01

    NU Performance Festival IV: Külalislahkusest / On Hospitality Tallinnas Viru hotellis 7.-10.11. 2011, kuraatorid Silke Bake ja Peter Stamer (Saksamaa). Heine Røsdal Avdali ja Yukiko Shinozaki lavastusest "Field Works - hotel". Kümne riigi kunstniku etendatavast performance'ist "The Love Piece"

  16. Convergence Properties of Kemp's q-Binomial Distribution

    OpenAIRE

    Gerhold, Stefan; Zeiner, Martin

    2008-01-01

    We consider Kemp's q-analogue of the binomial distribution. Several convergence results involving the classical binomial, the Heine, the discrete normal, and the Poisson distribution are established. Some of them are q-analogues of classical convergence properties. Besides elementary estimates, we apply Mellin transform asymptotics.

  17. Välinäituse stendid = Outdoor exhibition stands / Gert Sarv, Galina Burnakova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarv, Gert, 1971-

    2013-01-01

    Eesti Sisearhitektide Liidu 2012. aasta parima eseme preemia pälvinud välinäituse stendidest Vanasadama Admiraliteedi basseini kaldapealsel. Autorid: Gert Sarv, Galina Burnakova, Loreida Hein. Sisearhitekti ja ESLi aastapreemiate žürii liikme Tea Tammelaane arvamus

  18. Jacobi-Sobolev Orthogonal Polynomials: Asymptotics for N-Coherence of Measures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcellán Francisco

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Let us introduce the Sobolev-type inner product , where and , , with and for all A Mehler-Heine-type formula and the inner strong asymptotics on as well as some estimates for the polynomials orthogonal with respect to the above Sobolev inner product are obtained. Necessary conditions for the norm convergence of Fourier expansions in terms of such Sobolev orthogonal polynomials are given.

  19. Läti sakslane Brotze ja Eesti ajalugu / Anne Untera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Untera, Anne, 1951-

    2006-01-01

    Näitus "Johann Christoph Brotze joonistusi ja käsikirju Eesti- ja Liivimaast Läti Akadeemilise Raamatukogu kogudest" Kuressaare lossis kuni 30. IV. Eesti ainestikuga eriköide Brotze pärandist valmib Eesti-Läti uurijate koostöös ja ilmub Tallinnas. Väljaande peatoimetaja on Raimo Pullat, alajaotuste toimetajad Ants Hein, Ivar Leimus, Ants Viires

  20. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Methodologies for Intelligent Systems (Poster Session) (7th) held at Trondheim, Norway, on 15-18 June, 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-06-18

    Resolve Dynamic Problems Sophie Rougegrez ........... ......................... .. 95 Formalization of an Ontology of Ceramic Science in CLASSIC Piet-Hein...Univ. of Regina, Canada), Y. Y. Yao (Lakehead Univ., Canada), and L. S. Wang (Univ. of Regina, Canada) EXPERT SYSTEMS "Formalization of an Ontology ...1991). 13 H. J. B. Moens and J, K. Van Der Korst, "Comparison of Rheumatological Diagnoses by a Program and by a Physician," Methods of Information in

  1. A Spatial Expansion of a Pocket Size Homeland: Heinrich Heine’s Construction of Jewish Space

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Cecilie Speggers Schrøder

    2016-01-01

    This article explores Heinrich Heine’s two texts about Jews and Jewish life, ÜberPolen and Der Rabbi von Bacherach, to show how the foundations for a Jewish homeland were laid in Jewish literature of early 19th-century Western and Central Europe. The article demonstrates how a common Jewish space...... literature. The article explores the potential of Jewish cultural space and shows how Heine constructed a modern Jewish cultural space with room for both traditional and modern Jews....

  2. President Rüütel valis võimsa Audi / Antti Oolo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oolo, Antti, 1967-

    2002-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütli uus ametiauto on Audi A8 4,2 Lang Quattro Automat. Uue ametiauto rentimiseks loodud komisjoni kuulusid presidendi kantselei haldusdirektor Andres Suurkuusk, direktori nõunik Katrin Laaniste ja presidendi ihukaitse ülem Aivar Ridamäe. Arvamust avaldavad Ester Šank, Andres Hein, Üllar Born. Tabel: tehnilised andmed. Vt. samas: Presidendi kantselei autopark uueneb

  3. Arhitektuuriaasta 2007 = The year 2007 in architecture / Liina Jänes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänes, Liina, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2007. a. arhitektuuri valdkonna peapreemia pälvis Vello Asi. Arhitektuuri sihtkapital: tegevuspremia - Kalle Komissarov, arhitektuuripreemia - Kalle Vellevoog (pansionaat Pärnus Seedri t. 4), arhitektuuri- ja sisearhitektuuri preemia - Lembit-Kaur Stöör, Tõnis Kimmel, Raili Paling ja Liis Lindvere (Tallinna sünagoog), restaureerimispreemia - Aivar Roosaar (Tartu Athena kino ja konverentsikeskus), uurimistöö preemia - Silja Konsa, Urve Sinijärv, Olev Abner, Kersti Lootus, Ants Hein (teatmeteos "Eesti pargid. 1")

  4. President Rüütel valis võimsa Audi / Antti Oolo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oolo, Antti, 1967-

    2002-01-01

    President Arnold Rüütli uus ametiauto on Audi A8 4,2 Lang Quattro Automat. Uue ametiauto rentimiseks loodud komisjoni kuulusid presidendi kantselei haldusdirektor Andres Suurkuusk, direktori nõunik Katrin Laaniste ja presidendi ihukaitse ülem Aivar Ridamäe. Arvamust avaldavad Ester Šank, Andres Hein, Üllar Born. Tabel: tehnilised andmed. Vt. samas: Presidendi kantselei autopark uueneb

  5. Artishoki aastanäitus "XXX" / Liisa Kaljula

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaljula, Liisa

    2008-01-01

    Tallinna Linnagaleriis 10.-19. VII avatud Maarin Ektermanni ja Margus Tamme kureeritud näitusel osalesid kriitikutest Indrek Grigor, Kati Ilves, Margus Kiis, Elnara Taidre, Anneli Porri, Ave Randviir, Maria-Kristiina Soomre, Andreas Trossek, Karolina Labowicz-Dymanus (Varssavi) ja Isin Önol ((Istanbul), kunstnikest Tanja Muravskaja, Liisi Eelmaa, Noolegrupp, Cnopt, Billeneeve, Mihkel Kleis, Sirli Hein, Maris Palgi, Minna Hint ja Jaanus Samma. Toimus 10 ühepäevast näitust, esitati 100 kunstikriitilist teksti

  6. AfricaArray seismological studies of the structure and evolution of the African continent

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Durrheim, RJ

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available the contributions of Steven Grand (University of Texas, USA), Jordi Julià (Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil), Paul Dirks (James Cook University, Australia), Trond Ryberg (GFZ, Germany), Roger Gibson, Kim Hein and Zet Gumede (Wits University...), Nick King (Gold Fields), and Damien Delvaux (Royal Museum for Africa, Belgium). We also acknowledge support from the National Science Foundation, IRIS and UNAVCO (USA); the National Research Foundation and the Council for Geoscience (South Africa...

  7. Detecting malingering in traumatic brain injury and chronic pain with an abbreviated version of the Meyers Index for the MMPI-2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguerrevere, Luis E; Greve, Kevin W; Bianchini, Kevin J; Meyers, John E

    2008-01-01

    Meyers, Millis, and Volkert [Meyers, J. E., Millis, S. R., & Volkert, K. (2002). A validity index for the MMPI-2. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17, 157-169] developed a method to detect malingering in chronic pain patients using seven scales from the Minnesota Multiphasic Inventory-2 (MMPI-2). This method may be impractical because two of the scales (Obvious minus Subtle and Dissimulation-revised) are not reported by the commercially available Pearson computerized scoring system. The current study recalculated the Meyers Index using the five Pearson-provided scales in the chronic pain data sets of Meyers et al. [Meyers, J. E., Millis, S. R., & Volkert, K. (2002). A validity index for the MMPI-2. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17, 157-169] and Bianchini, Etherton, Greve, Heinly, and Meyers [Bianchini, K. J., Etherton, J. L., Greve, K. W., Heinly, M. T., & Meyers, J. E. (in press). Classification accuracy of MMPI-2 validity scales in the detection of pain-related malingering: A known-groups approach. Assessment], and the traumatic brain injury data of Greve, Bianchini, Love, Brennan, and Heinly [Greve, K. W., Bianchini, K. J., Love, J. M., Brennan, A., & Heinly, M. T. (2006). Sensitivity and specificity of MMPI-2 validity scales and indicators to malingered neurocognitive dysfunction in traumatic brain injury. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 20, 491-512]. Classification accuracy of the abbreviated Meyers Index was comparable to the original. These findings demonstrate that the abbreviated Meyers Index can be used as a substitute of the original Meyers Index without decrements in classification accuracy.

  8. Otázka vlivu Heinricha Heina na tvorbu Gustava Adolfa Bécquera

    OpenAIRE

    Melíšková, Vendula

    2013-01-01

    The principal motive for this diploma thesis was to prove or to falsify the known theoretical possibility of interconnection between two different (non-bordering) literatures - that of Germany and that of Spain, via the works of their two essential 19th century poets, respectively, Heinrich Heine and Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer. This connection is often assumed, especially in the critical editions of the works of Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, as well as in some literary handbooks. Nevertheless, these as...

  9. The Lens of Power: Aerial Reconnaissance and Diplomacy in the Airpower Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    sometimes abstract diplomatic issues that concerns this part of the research the most. 10 14 Gregory Bateson described this effect during his early attempts...to use film and photography to record isolated cultures in New Guinea and then Bali. As an example, see Gregory Bateson , Naven (Cambridge: The...Agreements. New York: United Nations, 1990. United Nations Law Collection, HeinOnline. http:// heinonline.org, accessed 9 Sep 2012. Bateson , Gregory

  10. Arhitektuuriaasta 2007 = The year 2007 in architecture / Liina Jänes

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jänes, Liina, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2007. a. arhitektuuri valdkonna peapreemia pälvis Vello Asi. Arhitektuuri sihtkapital: tegevuspremia - Kalle Komissarov, arhitektuuripreemia - Kalle Vellevoog (pansionaat Pärnus Seedri t. 4), arhitektuuri- ja sisearhitektuuri preemia - Lembit-Kaur Stöör, Tõnis Kimmel, Raili Paling ja Liis Lindvere (Tallinna sünagoog), restaureerimispreemia - Aivar Roosaar (Tartu Athena kino ja konverentsikeskus), uurimistöö preemia - Silja Konsa, Urve Sinijärv, Olev Abner, Kersti Lootus, Ants Hein (teatmeteos "Eesti pargid. 1")

  11. Püsivad sibullillepeenrad / Jaan Mettik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mettik, Jaan

    2008-01-01

    Sibul- ja püsilillede kooskasvatamisest, mis aitab hoida peenra kaunina kogu suve. Püsi-ja sibullillede kooskõlast Enköpingi haljasaladel. Unistuste pargi (Drömparken) on kujundanud Piet Oudolf. Sibullillede istutamise meetodist, mida propageerib Jacqueline van der Kloet. Arvamust avaldavad Tallinna Botaanikaaia vanemaednik Mari Seidelberg ja sibullillespetsialist Tiia Jaanus, K-Rautakesko tootejuht Tiit Hein, Hortese Aiakeskuse tootejuht Lea Mäss. 15 värv. vaadet

  12. Reportaaž välitöödelt / Hanno Soans

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soans, Hanno, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    NU Performance Festival IV: Külalislahkusest / On Hospitality Tallinnas Viru hotellis 7.-10.11. 2011, kuraatorid Silke Bake ja Peter Stamer (Saksamaa). Lähemalt rühmituse deepblue (Heine Rødal Avdal, Yukiko Shinozaki) etendusest "Field Works - hotel", grupi toxic dreams (Yosi Wanunu, Michael Strohmann) õhtusöök-performance'ist, 10 kunstniku etendusest "The Love Piece", kanadalaste trupi PME-ART-i etendusest "Külalislahkus 3: individualism oli viga"

  13. Stochastic approach to phonon-assisted optical absorption

    OpenAIRE

    Zacharias, Marios; Patrick, Christopher E.; Giustino, Feliciano

    2015-01-01

    We develop a first-principles theory of phonon-assisted optical absorption in semiconductors and insulators which incorporates the temperature dependence of the electronic structure. We show that the Hall-Bardeen-Blatt theory of indirect optical absorption and the Allen-Heine theory of temperature-dependent band structures can be derived from the present formalism by retaining only one-phonon processes. We demonstrate this method by calculating the optical absorption coefficient of silicon us...

  14. The effect of multidisciplinary team care on cancer management

    OpenAIRE

    Abdulrahman, Ganiy Opeyemi

    2011-01-01

    Over the past 15 years, the multidisciplinary team management of many medical conditions especially cancers has increasingly taken a prominent role in patient management in many hospitals and medical centres in the developed countries. In the United Kingdom, it began to gain prominence following the Calman-Heine report in 1995 which suggested that each Cancer Unit in a hospital should have in place arrangements for non-surgical oncological input into services, with a role for a non-surgical o...

  15. Rägavere mõisahoone restaureerimine / Toomas Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Toomas

    2005-01-01

    Uuringud: Ants Hein. Projekt, muinsuskaitseline järelevalve: Toomas Rank. Teostus: AS Sado Ehitus. Uutest ruumidest, treppidest, trepihallist, talveaiast, rõdust, sepp Rein Mõtusest, eksterjöörist ja interjöörist. T. Rank pälvis Rägavere mõisa peahoone restaureerimise eest Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2004. a. aastapreemia. Kommenteerib Lilian Hansar. Ill.: 2 värv. välis- ja 5 sisevaadet, joonis

  16. Rägavere mõisahoone restaureerimine / Toomas Rank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rank, Toomas

    2005-01-01

    Uuringud: Ants Hein. Projekt, muinsuskaitseline järelevalve: Toomas Rank. Teostus: AS Sado Ehitus. Uutest ruumidest, treppidest, trepihallist, talveaiast, rõdust, sepp Rein Mõtusest, eksterjöörist ja interjöörist. T. Rank pälvis Rägavere mõisa peahoone restaureerimise eest Eesti Kultuurkapitali 2004. a. aastapreemia. Kommenteerib Lilian Hansar. Ill.: 2 värv. välis- ja 5 sisevaadet, joonis

  17. Lossi kõrval loss, kõigil ümber park / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Barokkstiilis Fredensborgi lossist ja pargist (1719, autor J. C. Krieger, parki arendas 1760-ndatel edasi N.-H. Jardin, talupojakujud tegi J. G. Grund) Själlandi saarel, renessanss-stiilis Frederiksborgi lossist (1500-1600) ja pargist (barokkstiilis osa rekonstrueeriti 1996. aastaks J. C. Kriegeri 1725. a. tehtud plaani järgi) Hillerodis ning Egeskovi lossist (1554) ja pargist (bambuslabürint, 1990, kunstnik Piet Hein) Fyni saarel. "Maakodu" lugejareis. 14 värv. ill

  18. Theoretical Investigation of Point Defects of Mercury Cadmium Telluride.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-11-01

    J.C. Phillips and L. Kleinman , Phys. Rev. 116, 287(1959). 46. B.J. Austin, V. Heine, and L.J. Sham, "General theory of pseudopotentials," Phys, Rev. 127...R.A. Logan, and J.R. Arthur ,Jr., "The lower conduction band structure of (AI,Ga)As," Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser. No. 33a, 210(1977). 82.M.H. Weiler

  19. A tribute to Achim Trebst at the time of his doctor honoris causa, University of Düsseldorf.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strotmann, Heinrich

    2009-06-01

    On June 9, 2009, we celebrate the 80th birthday of Achim Trebst. I present below the "Tribute" (Laudatio) that I read on February 11, 2000 on the occasion of his receiving Doctor honoris causa of the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of the Heinrich Heine University in Düsseldorf. The text below is a translation from the original German to English with minor editorial changes by Govindjee.

  20. Lossi kõrval loss, kõigil ümber park / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Barokkstiilis Fredensborgi lossist ja pargist (1719, autor J. C. Krieger, parki arendas 1760-ndatel edasi N.-H. Jardin, talupojakujud tegi J. G. Grund) Själlandi saarel, renessanss-stiilis Frederiksborgi lossist (1500-1600) ja pargist (barokkstiilis osa rekonstrueeriti 1996. aastaks J. C. Kriegeri 1725. a. tehtud plaani järgi) Hillerodis ning Egeskovi lossist (1554) ja pargist (bambuslabürint, 1990, kunstnik Piet Hein) Fyni saarel. "Maakodu" lugejareis. 14 värv. ill

  1. Actividad antiplaca y antimicrobiana del chicle y de la manzana ¿Una leyenda urbana?

    OpenAIRE

    Rubido Montero, Susana

    2016-01-01

    El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar la actividad antiplaca/antibacteriana de actividades cotidianas como masticar un chicle y una manzana. Para ello se seleccionó un grupo de 20 voluntarios adultos sanos, estudiantes de Odontología en la Universidad de Santiago de Compostela. La presencia de placa sobre las superficies dentales se determinó mediante el Índice de Placa de Quigley-Hein modificado por Turesky. La actividad antibacteriana de los productos testados, se anali...

  2. Chlamydia muridarum Alters the Immune Environment of the Murine Genital Tract to be More Permissive for Infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae in a Novel Coinfection Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-05

    Figure 6) (62, 152, 169). In 1990, David Taylor-Robinson described long-term gonococcal colonization following treatment of germ-free mice with 17β...oviduct pathology in chlamydial genital tract infection. J Immunol 171:6187-97. 68. David , L. M., A. A. Wade, D. Natin, and K. W. Radcliffe. 1997...Dis 178:742-51. 123. Heine, H., S. Muller-Loennies, L. Brade , B. Lindner, and H. Brade . 2003. Endotoxic activity and chemical structure of

  3. Anxiolytic and antidepressant-like activities of the novel and potent non-imidazole histamine H3 receptor antagonist ST-1283

    OpenAIRE

    Bahi A; Schwed JS; Walter M.; Stark H; Sadek B

    2014-01-01

    Amine Bahi,1,* Johannes Stephan Schwed,2,3 Miriam Walter,2 Holger Stark,3 Bassem Sadek,4,* 1Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates; 2Institut für Pharmazeutische Chemie, Biozentrum, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, 3Heinrich Heine University Duesseldorf, Institut fuer Pharmazeutische and Medizinische Chemie, Düsseldorf, Germany; 4Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Co...

  4. Reportaaž välitöödelt / Hanno Soans

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soans, Hanno, 1974-

    2011-01-01

    NU Performance Festival IV: Külalislahkusest / On Hospitality Tallinnas Viru hotellis 7.-10.11. 2011, kuraatorid Silke Bake ja Peter Stamer (Saksamaa). Lähemalt rühmituse deepblue (Heine Rødal Avdal, Yukiko Shinozaki) etendusest "Field Works - hotel", grupi toxic dreams (Yosi Wanunu, Michael Strohmann) õhtusöök-performance'ist, 10 kunstniku etendusest "The Love Piece", kanadalaste trupi PME-ART-i etendusest "Külalislahkus 3: individualism oli viga"

  5. In the Service of Empire: Imperialism and the British Spy Thriller, 1901-1914

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    hero, celebrated in novels, paintings, and music . Kipling was in Simla with Roberts when the Penjdeh Incident occurred—a moment when war with Russia...roughly $1,000 in today’s money), the same rate as H.G. Wells and Thomas Hardy. An habitué of London clubland and inexhaustibly well-traveled across...54, No. 2 (June 2010) 19 6. Christopher Andrew, Secret Service: The Making of the British Intelligence Community (London: Heine- mann , 1985); Bernard

  6. Microbiological Defacement of Navy Buildings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-10-01

    Sigonella Sicily: PWO. Alameda. CA. PWO. Beeville. TX: PWO. Belle Chasse. LA: PWO. Cecil Field. FL; PWO. Corpus Christi TX: PWO. Cubi Point. R.P.: PWO...8217. Indian Head. MD: ROIC(’. Keflavik. iceland: RoICC. Kosrae: ROI(’(. Mombasa, Kenya: ROICC. NAS. Corpus Christi . TX: ROIC(’. NAS. Millington TN: ROICC...Tupman, CA: Eng Di% dir. Southwest Pac. Manila. PL: Engr. Div. (F. Hein). Madrid , Spain: NAS. Jacksonville. FL: 01CC Mid Pacific. Pearl Harbor I:; 01CC

  7. Facts 2000. The Norwegian Petroleum Sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-02-01

    Petroleum production on the Norwegian continental shelf (NCS) in the North Sea, the Norwegian Sea and the Barents Sea totalled 2.7 bn scm oil equivalents (oe) up to 1998. Per December 1999, remaining reserves totalled 1.5 bn scm of oil, 1.2 bn scm oe gas and 0.2 bn scm oe of NGL/condensate. Twenty-eight exploration wells were completed or temporarily abandoned on the NCS in 1999. By 31 December 1999, 967 exploration wells had been completed or temporarily abandoned off Norway. Discoveries totalled 45-60 mill scm of oil and 45-70 bn scm of gas. Governmental approval was given in 1999 for the Tune, Borg and Sygna developments. Investment in exploration, field development and pipeline transport totalled about NOK 67 bn in 1998. Oil and gas production in 1999 was roughly on the par with 1998, while NGL/condensate sales rose by 19 per cent. The Balder, Gullfaks South, Jotun, Oseberg East, Visund and Aasgard projects came on stream during 1999. It is estimated that, with the present production rate, Norway's remaining discovered oil resources will last for 17 years, and gas, 93 years. The estimated value of Norwegian petroleum export in 1999 was NOK 168 bn, which is about 36% of the country's total earnings from foreign sales. Published by the Norwegian Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, the book is a major source of information on the Norwegian offshore petroleum activities.

  8. 挪威Hardanger大桥钢箱梁外侧电弧喷锌工艺设计%Design of zinc arc-spraying process for outer steel box girder of Hardanger Bridge in Norway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    仪德强; 钱胜杰; 金树军; 李敏风; 丁祥

    2012-01-01

    在承接挪威Hardanger大桥钢结构制作中,根据业主的要求,以电弧喷锌作为配套涂层底漆.为了适应钢结构涂装流水线以及佐敦公司的重防腐配套涂料,从钢结构缺陷处理等级、磨料拼配方案、喷砂技术条件、电弧喷锌设备及锌丝线材要求、电弧喷锌工艺参数以及喷锌层质量要求等方面对钢箱梁外侧电弧喷锌工艺进行了设计.%Based on the requirement of proprietor, arc zinc spray coating was used as a primer during the manufacturing of the Norwegian Hardanger bridge's steel structure. In order to adapt the steel structure coating flow line and Jotun's heavy corrosion protection accessory coating, the arc zinc spraying process of outer steel box girder was designed from aspects of pretreatment grade of defects in steel structure, composition for abrasives, sandblasting process conditions, arc zinc spraying equipment, zinc wire requirement, arc zinc spraying process parameters, quality requirement of arc sprayed zinc coating, etc.

  9. A proposal about the origin of the indo-european locative plural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth Shields

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the most significant recent developments in the field of historical lin­ guistics has been the identification of what Fox (1995: 194 calls '"laws' oflanguage development"-a methodology "for determining which changes are more likely than others, and ... criteria for determining the overall direction of linguistic change." This methodology is largely an aspect of what has come to be known as "grammati­ calization theory," which, according to Heine (2003: 575, is really "neither a theory of language nor of language change; its goal is to describe grammaticalization, that is, the way grammatical forms arise and develop through space and time, and to explain why they are structured the way they are." The process of grammaticalization "is hypothesized to be essentially unidirectional" (Heine 2003: 575 and therefore potentially "offers an explanatory account of how and why grammatical categories arise and develop" (Heine 2003: 578. Such explanation serves as "a potentially powerful adjunct to the methods of reconstruction, especially on an internal basis" (Fox 1995: 206, since it leads the historical linguist to principled conclusions about the structural sources of both attested and comparatively reconstructed morpho­ syntactic patterns. In this brief paper I wish to apply one such '"law' of language development" to account for the origin of the traditionally reconstructed Inda-European locative plural suffixes *-si (Gk. -si and *-su (Skt. -su, OCS -Xb (cf. Szemerényi 1996: 165. Like Fox (1995: 206, I acknowledge that the application of this methodology can be "speculative and controversial"; however, I offer my proposal as a reasonable possibility for developments within Indo-European

  10. Asymptotics for a generalization of Hermite polynomials

    CERN Document Server

    Alfaro, M; Peña, A; Rezola, M L

    2009-01-01

    We consider a generalization of the classical Hermite polynomials by the addition of terms involving derivatives in the inner product. This type of generalization has been studied in the literature from the point of view of the algebraic properties. Thus, our aim is to study the asymptotics of this sequence of nonstandard orthogonal polynomials. In fact, we obtain Mehler--Heine type formulas for these polynomials and, as a consequence, we prove that there exists an acceleration of the convergence of the smallest positive zeros of these generalized Hermite polynomials towards the origin.

  11. Towards Polarization Measurements of Laser-accelerated Helium-3 Ions

    OpenAIRE

    Engin, Ilhan

    2016-01-01

    In the framework of this thesis, preparatory investigations for the spin-polarization measurement of 3He ions from laser-induced plasmas have been performed.Therefore, experiments aiming at an efficient laser-induced ion acceleration out of a 4He gas target were carried out at two high-intensity laser facilities: the Arcturus laser at Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf as well as PHELIX at GSI Darmstadt. The scientific goal of both experiments was to investigate the ion-acceleration proces...

  12. 翩然出世“中国印”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    小磊

    2003-01-01

    On Aug. 3, as the evening sky darkened to match the deep blue roof tiles of the landmark Hall of Prayers for Good Harvests, kung-fu movie star Jackie Chan and Chinese women's table tennis champion Deng Yaping carried an ornate golden box to the white steps outside the hall.Chinese parliament chief Wu Bangguo and IOC Coordination Commission chairman Hein Verbruggen removed a jade seal and stamped the emblem in red ink on piece of paper.The unveiling of the official emblem for the 2008 Olympic Games was p...

  13. Jugando y aprendiendo con el Logikubo

    OpenAIRE

    Cuellar, Hugo

    2004-01-01

    Tomando como base el CUBO SOMA del diseñador danés Piet Hein, la firma alemana LORENZ, especialista en material didáctico en madera, creó en la década de los 90 el LOGIKUBO. La firma Colombiana TRIOTOY adquirió la licencia de producción para Colombia. El LOGIKUBO es un juego que además de entretener también nos permite aprender, a la vez que desarrolla y potencia capacidades y habilidades en torno al pensamiento espacial.

  14. Seurasaaren Jusupoffin tallin palautussuunnitelma museon näyttelytilaksi

    OpenAIRE

    Tiilikka, Liisa

    2014-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön toimeksianto oli suunnitella Jusupoffin tallin tilojen palautus näyttelytiloiksi, jotta se voitaisiin avata uudelleen yleisölle. Talli kuului alkujaan Ruhtinatar Zenaida Jusu-poffin uusgoottisen huvilan pihapiiriin Kaivopuistossa. Talli rakennettiin v. 1842. Tallissa oli yksi asuinhuone, vaunuvaja, hevostalli ja heinävintti. Talli lahjoitettiin Seurasaareen vuonna 1916 ja se oli avoinna yleisölle lähes 50 vuotta, kunnes sisustus purettiin rakennuksen korjaustöiden yhteydessä. Si...

  15. Corporate Debt Dynamics, Capital Accumulation, and Macroeconomic Instability: A Post-Keynesian Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Min-Chang Ko; Sangheon Lee

    2015-01-01

    This study presents a simple model of corporate debt dynamics within the framework of the post-Keynesian theory of growth and distribution. Our model introduces corporate debt dynamics into a modified version of Lavoie's Minsky?Steindl model, yielding long-run results different from those of Lavoie (1995) and Hein (2007) by showing that a stable long-run equilibrium exists in both puzzling and normal cases. On the basis of these results, this study shows that Minsky¡¯s financial instability a...

  16. Group theory in quantum mechanics an introduction to its present usage

    CERN Document Server

    Heine, Volker

    2007-01-01

    Geared toward research students in physics and chemistry, this text introduces the three main uses of group theory in quantum mechanics: (1) to label energy levels and the corresponding eigenstates; (2) to discuss qualitatively the splitting of energy levels, starting from an approximate Hamiltonian and adding correction terms; and (3) to aid in the evaluation of matrix elements of all kinds.""The theme,"" states author Volker Heine, ""is to show how all this is achieved by considering the symmetry properties of the Hamiltonian and the way in which these symmetries are reflected in the wave fu

  17. Tapahtuman järjestäminen. Case: Cable Wakeboard ja Wakeskate EM-kilpailujen järjestäminen

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön tavoitteena oli laatia Ukkohallan matkailukeskukselle käsikirja tapahtuman järjestämisestä. Käsi-kirjan laatimisessa apuna käytettiin heinäkuussa 2009 Ukkohallassa järjestettyjen Cable Wakeboard ja Wakeskate EM-kilpailujen pohjalta saatua kokemusta. Opinnäytetyö jaettiin kahteen osaan: teoriaosuuteen sekä käsikirjaan. Opinnäytetyön teoriaosuudessa perehdytään Ukkohallan matkailukeskukseen sekä kilpailujen kansainväliseen järjestäjätahoon. Lajit ovat olleet opinnäytetyötä kir...

  18. Managing missing scores on the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Henrik Hein

    MANAGING MISSING SCORES ON THE ROLAND MORRIS DISABILITY QUESTIONNAIRE Peter Kenta and Henrik Hein Lauridsenb aBack Research Centre and bInstitute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark Background There is no standard method to calculate Roland Morris Disability......, such as the Oswestry Disability Index (Oswestry) convert their raw score into a standardized score out of 100. An advantage of this method is that it allows missing data to be accommodated by proportional recalculation. For example, if 17 questions had been answered ’yes’ on a RMDQ questionnaire containing 23 yes...

  19. Asiakastyytyväisyystutkimus hotelli Abba Centrum Alicante, Espanja

    OpenAIRE

    Diyachenko, Maria

    2011-01-01

    Opinnäytetyö tarkastelee asiakastyytyväisyyttä hotelli Abbassa. Tarkoituksena oli selvittää asiakkaiden mielipiteet ja tyytyväisyys hotellin laitteisiin sekä palveluihin. Tässä työssä vertaillaan heinäkuu-joulukuun 2008 ja 2009 kausien palautteita, jolloin saataisiin selville, onko hotelli Abba kehittynyt oikeaan suuntaan. Vertailu tehtiin sen vuoksi, että viimeinen asiakastyytyväisyyskysely oli vuonna 2008, kun Abba oli vielä luokitukseltaan kolmen tähden hotelli. Vuonna 2009 Abba muutettiin...

  20. Platinum group elements and gold in ferromanganese crusts from Afanasiy-Nikitin seamount, equatorial Indian Ocean: Sources and fractionation

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Banakar, V.K.; Hein, J.R.; Rajani, R.P.; Chodankar, A.R.

    Perkin?ElmercircleR OPTIMA-2000 DV ICP- OES. PGE and Au were measured by both Ni- and Pb-fire assay with an ICP-MS finish at the U.S. Geological Survey (Baedecker 1987). For Ni- sulfide, the sample powder (similar 15g) was mixed with a flux prepared from...) in manganese nodule reference samples by nickel sulfide fire assay and Te-coprecipitation with ICP-MS; Indian J. Mar Sci. 35 7?16. Banakar V K and Hein J R 2000 Growth response of a deep- water ferromanganese crust to the evolution of Neogene Indian Ocean; Mar...

  1. Global Navigation Satellite System Software Defined Radio

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    Hein, Guenter W., Thomas Pany, Stefan Wallner, and Jong-Hoon Won. “Plat- forms for a Future GNSS Receiver”. 1(2):56–62, March 2006. 18. Hong , Jin Seok...Applications, 2008. ISSSTA ’08., 32–36. Aug. 2008. 24. Qingxi, Zeng, Wang Qing, Pan Shuguo, and Li Chuanjun. “A GPS L1 Software Receiver Implementation on a...COUNT). 26. Sun, Chih -Cheng and Shau-Shiun Jan. “GNSS signal acquisition and tracking using a parallel approach”. Position Location and Navigation

  2. Managing missing scores on the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Henrik Hein

    MANAGING MISSING SCORES ON THE ROLAND MORRIS DISABILITY QUESTIONNAIRE Peter Kenta and Henrik Hein Lauridsenb aBack Research Centre and bInstitute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark Background There is no standard method to calculate Roland Morris Disability......, such as the Oswestry Disability Index (Oswestry) convert their raw score into a standardized score out of 100. An advantage of this method is that it allows missing data to be accommodated by proportional recalculation. For example, if 17 questions had been answered ’yes’ on a RMDQ questionnaire containing 23 yes...

  3. EMCS Modules/Intelligent Time Clock (ITC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-09-01

    Fac. Plan BR MGR): Code 187. Jacksonville FL: Code 1871 1(, Brunswick ME: (’ode 18U (ENS P.J. Hickey), Corpus Christi TX; (’ode 6234 (G. Trask), Point...Petty Offr. PW/Self Help Div, Beeville TX: PW (J. Maguire). Corpus Christi TX: PWD Maint. Cont. Dir.. Fallon NV: PWD Maint. Div.. New Orleans. Belle...P: Engr. Div. (F. Hein), Madrid . Spain: OICC (Knowlton). Kaneohe. HI: OICC, Southwest Pac, Manila. PI: OICC/ROICC. Balboa Canal Zone: ROICC AF Guam

  4. 基于16S rDNA序列的4株假单胞菌属细菌的分子鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭凤霞; 柴毅

    2013-01-01

    对分离自养殖水环境的4株假单胞菌属细菌的16S rDNA序列进行PCR扩增并测定其核酸序列,在Gen-Bank中通过BLAST查找其同源序列,应用MegAlign软件中的Jotun Hein、Clustal V、Clustal W 3种方法进行序列差异和同源性分析,分别使用Mega 4.0软件中的邻接法(N-J)、最小进化法(ME)、最大简约法(MP)、非加权组平均法(UPGMA)构建系统发育树.3种序列分析方法结果显示,由Jotun Hein法可知,菌株T3与菌株T6序列相似度最高为98.5%,菌株T4与Pseudomonas sp.N9-1序列相似度最高为99.1%,菌株T5与Pseudomonas sp.N9-l序列相似度最高为99.6%,菌株T6与Pseudomonas putida KF703及菌株T5序列相似度最高为99.1%;由Clustal V法可知,菌株T3与Pseudomonas sp.N9-1序列相似度最高为97.0%,菌株T4与Pseudomonas plecoglossicida S21、Pseudomonas sp.N9-1及菌株T5序列相似度最高为97.7%,菌株T5与Pseudomonas plecoglossicida S21序列相似度最高为98.9%,菌株T6与菌株T5序列相似度最高为97.2%;由Clustal W法可知,菌株T3与Pseudomonas sp.N9-1序列相似度最高均为97.7%,菌株T4与Pseudomonas plecoglossicida S21序列相似度最高为99.3%,菌株T5与Pseudomonas plecoglossicida S21序列相似度最高为99.6%,菌株T6与Pseudomonas sp.N9-1序列相似度最高为97.9%.4种方法构建的系统发育树基本一致,可初步确立4株菌株的分类地位:菌株T3与Pseudomonas sp.G53亲缘关系最近,菌株T4与序列Pseudomonas sp.N9-1以及Pseudomonas sp.WP6亲缘关系最近,菌株T5与Pseudomonas sp.3-3(2010)亲缘关系最近,菌株T6与Pseudomonas plecoglossicida S21亲缘关系最近.

  5. Late Triassic uplift of southern Norway revealed by detrital zircons in the Norwegian-Danish Basin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivarius, Mette; Nielsen, Lars H.; Weibel, Rikke; Kristensen, Lars; Thomsen, Tonny B.

    2016-04-01

    Zircon U/Pb geochronometry is used to identify the sediment source areas of the Upper Triassic to Lower Jurassic shallow marine to paralic Gassum Formation in the Norwegian-Danish Basin. The analyses of zircon grains from geographically and stratigraphically widely distributed cores take advantage of the detailed sequence stratigraphic framework existing for the succession. The zircon ages indicate that the sediment in the lower part of the Gassum Formation in the northern and central parts of the basin was supplied solely from the Telemarkia Terrane in the southern part of southern Norway. However, age signatures from other basement terranes were added during periods of transgression presumably as a result of longshore reworking. The sediment in the eastern part of the basin has a different provenance signature that reflects supply from various sources of which some or all seemingly include older sediments. The basinwide fluvial incision that occurred during a relative sea-level fall in the Rhaetian is interpreted to be related to uplift of southern Norway since a pronounced content of zircon grains with U/Pb ages of 1.65 Ga were introduced in the Norwegian-Danish Basin at the time. This age is dominant in the upper part of the Gassum Formation and is present in all studied younger sediments in the Norwegian-Danish Basin, whereas it is missing in older sediments in the basin. Rocks with corresponding ages are presently exposed in the Jotun Nappe Complex and the Western Gneiss Complex in the central and northern parts of southern Norway. Thus, major faulting activity must have occurred in southern Norway during the Late Triassic that made such rocks available for erosion with permanent southeastwards drainage.

  6. André Gide et Les fleurs du mal de Baudelaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Breda Cigoj Leben

    1975-11-01

    Full Text Available Andre Gide connut à fond le charme de la poésie vers 1885, à l'âge de seize ans, quand on lui permit de fouiller seul dans la bibliothèque de son père. A cette époque il tenait la poésie pour «la fleur et l'aboutissement de la vie» (J. II, 491. Ce fut Victor Hugo dont il apprit par creur nombre de pièces, ce fut surtout Henri Heine, lu d'abord dans la traduction et bientôt dans le texte, qui le boulversèrent profondément: J e me revois, étendu sur le tapis, à I'étrusque, au pied de la petite bibliothèque ouverte, en ce printemps de ma seizième année, tremblant à découvrir, a sentir s'éveiller et répondre à l'appel d'Henri Heine l'abondant priritemps de mon cceur( Ibid., 482.

  7. Skin surface microscopy of port-wine stains: preliminary data on classification and assessment of laser therapy results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotteleur, Guy; Huan, P.; Mordon, Serge R.; Beacco, Claire; Brunetaud, Jean Marc

    1994-12-01

    In order to characterize port-wine stains (PWS) before and after laser-therapy, a study using epiluminescence microscopy is achieved. The technique consists in placing a thin layer of mineral oil on the skin surface and inspecting the PWS with a Delta 10 dermatoscope (HEINE). A contact microphotography is then performed in a similar manner by means of a Dermaphot optical module (HEINE). One hundred and sixteen patients have been explored prior to laser treatment. Twenty eight have been explored at the same place three months after the first treatment and four three months after two treatments. The preliminary results are compared with Jones, Shakespeare, and Carruth's studies on transcutaneous microscopy. It is possible to classify PWS according to their epiluminescence microscopic aspect. The classification proposed by the English authors is not ideal and some adaptations are desirable, regarding particularly the background condition. Some correlation can be established between the macroscopic and microscopic aspect of PWS. It is far too early to correlate epiluminescence aspect before treatment and long term results of laser-therapy.

  8. DFPT approach to the temperature dependence of electronic band energies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boulanger, Paul; Cote, Michel; Gonze, Xavier

    2010-03-01

    The energy bands of semiconductors exhibit significant shifts and broadening with temperature at constant volume. This is an effect of the direct renormalization of band energies due to electron-phonon interactions. In search of an efficient linear response DFT approach to this effect, beyond semi-empirical approximation or frozen- phonon DFT, we have implemented formulas derived by Allen and Heine [J. Phys. C 9, 2305 (1976)] inside the ABINIT package. We have found that such formulas need a great number of bands, O(1000), to properly converge the thermal corrections of deep potential well atoms, i.e. elements of the first row. This leads to heavy computational costs even for simple systems like diamond. The DFPT formalism can be used to circumvent entirely the need for conduction bands by computing the first-order wave-functions using the self-consistent Sternheimer equation. We will compare the results of both formalism demonstrating that the DFPT approach reproduces the correct converged results of the formulas of Allen and Heine.

  9. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Michael Williams; Deforesting the earth; From prehistory to global crisis (Greg Bankoff Alexander Adelaar, Nikolaus P. Himmelmann (eds; The Austronesian languages of Asia and Madagascar (René van den Berg Wim Ravesteijn, Jan Kop (eds; Bouwen in de archipel; Burgerlijke Openbare Werken in Nederlands-Indië en Indonesië 1800-2000 (Freek Colombijn Susan Rodgers; Print, poetics, and politics; A Sumatran epic in the colonial Indies and New Order Indonesia (Bernhard Dahm Robert A. Scebold; Central Tagbanwa; a Philippine language on the brink of extinction; Sociolinguistics, grammar, and lexicon (Aone van Engelenhoven Adrian Vickers; Journeys of desire; A study of the Balinese text Malat (Amrit Gomperts B.J. Terwiel; Thailand’s political history; From the fall of Ayutthaya to recent times (Hans Hägerdal Robert van Niel; Java’s Northeast Coast 1740-1840; A study in colonial encroachment and dominance (Mason C. Hoadley Terence H. Hull (ed.; People, population, and policy in Indonesia (Santo Koesoebjono W.L. Korthals Altes; Tussen cultures en kredieten; Een institutionele geschiedenis van de Nederlandsch-Indische Handelsbank en Nationale Handelsbank, 1863-1964 (Koh Keng Weh William van der Heide; Malaysian cinema, Asian film; Border crossings and national cultures (Benjamin McKay Angela Romano; Politics and the press in Indonesia; Understanding an evolving political culture (Soe Tjen Marching Simon Harrison; Fracturing resemblances; Identity and mimetic conflict in Melanesia and the West (Toon van Meijl Daniel Fitzpatrick; Land claims in East Timor (Johanna van Reenen Susi Moeimam, Hein Steinhauer; Nederlands-Indonesisch Woordenboek (Stuart Robson Terance W. Bigalke; Tana Toraja: a social history of an Indonesian people (Dik Roth K. Alexander Adelaar (with the assistance of Pak Vitus Kaslem; Salako or Badameà; Sketch grammar, texts and lexicon of a Kanayatn dialect in West Borneo (Hein Steinhauer

  10. 椅旁健康教育对慢性牙周炎患者维护期口腔卫生状况的影响%The effect of oral health education on periodontal status during periodontal maintenance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马丽辉; 吴勇; 朱丽红; 彭宏

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨椅旁健康教育对慢性牙周炎患者维护期口腔卫生状况的影响。方法120例慢性牙周炎患者随机分为实验组和对照组,均给予洁治、龈下刮治和根面平整,实验组同时给予全面的口腔健康教育。于基线、基线后1、3、6个月检查Quigley-Hein菌斑指数。采用两组完全随机化设计资料均数的t检验分析所得数据。结果基线、基线后1个月时,两组间菌斑指数差异无统计学意义(t0=1.543,P0=0.1227;t1=1.925,P1=0.063);基线后3、6个月时,实验组菌斑指数显著低于对照组(t3=19.153,P3=0.001;t6=25.265,P6=0.001)。结论实施全面的口腔健康教育可以显著改善牙周炎患者的口腔卫生状况。%Objective To investigate the effect of oral health education on oral health status during periodontal maintenance. Methods One hundred and twenty subjects were divided into 2 groups: oral hygiene education group (experimental group) and ccontrol group. All the 2 groups received scaling and root planning, and the experimental group received comprehensive oral health education. Quigley-Hein plaque Indexes were examined at baseline, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months. The datas were statistically analysed by t test. Results There were no significant difference of Quigley-Hein plaque indexes between the experimental group and the control at baseline and 1 month (t0=1.543,P0=0.127;t1=1.925,P1=0.063). At 3 months and 6 months, experimental groups had significantly lower Quigley-Hein plaque indexes than the control (t3=19.153,P3=0.001;t6=25.265,P6=0.001). Conclusion Implementing comprehensive oral health education can improve oral health status during periodontal maintenance.

  11. Asymptotic behaviour of zeros of exceptional Jacobi and Laguerre polynomials

    CERN Document Server

    Gómez-Ullate, David; Milson, Robert

    2012-01-01

    The location and asymptotic behaviour for large n of the zeros of exceptional Jacobi and Laguerre polynomials are discussed. The zeros of exceptional polynomials fall into two classes: the regular zeros, which lie in the interval of orthogonality and the exceptional zeros, which lie outside that interval. We show that the regular zeros have two interlacing properties: one is the natural interlacing between consecutive polynomials as a consequence of their Sturm-Liouville character, while the other one shows interlacing between the zeros of exceptional and classical polynomials. A generalization of the classical Heine-Mehler formula is provided for the exceptional polynomials, which allows to derive the asymptotic behaviour of their regular zeros. We also describe the location and the asymptotic behaviour of the exceptional zeros, which converge for large n to fixed values.

  12. Double scaling limit for modified Jacobi-Angelesco polynomials

    CERN Document Server

    Deschout, Klaas

    2011-01-01

    We consider multiple orthogonal polynomials with respect to two modified Jacobi weights on touching intervals [a,0] and [0,1], with a < 0, and study a transition that occurs at a = -1. The transition is studied in a double scaling limit, where we let the degree n of the polynomial tend to infinity while the parameter a tends to -1 at a rate of O(n^{-1/2}). We obtain a Mehler-Heine type asymptotic formula for the polynomials in this regime. The method used to analyze the problem is the steepest descent technique for Riemann-Hilbert problems. A key point in the analysis is the construction of a new local parametrix.

  13. Religion is the Opium of the People

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Esther Oluffa

    2015-01-01

    Marx is notorious for his claim that religion is the opium of the people and thus become famous as one of modern thought's most uncompromising critics of religion. In this article I look deeper into the philosophical connotations of Marx's opium metaphor by presenting and discussing other prominent...... thinkers' employment of similar metaphors. Thus, the article follows the trail of opium imagery in connection with different approaches to the criticism of religion. This leads to a discussion of the influence on Marx by G.W.F. Hegel, Bruno Bauer, Moses Hess, Ludwig Feuerbach and emphasizes the influence...... of Heinrich Heine and Immanuel Kant. The ensuing analysis of Marx's opium metaphor establishes thatMarx's thinking in A Contribution to a Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right: Introduction is at a cross road. His dependence on German philosophy in 1843 is highlighted as the contextual background for...

  14. Comparative analysis of methods of preinvasive melanoma diagnostics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozlov S.V.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses one of the problems of oncology — skin melanoma. The research objective is to study and to compare diagnostic methods of preinvasive melanoma including fluorescence diagnosis, dermatoscopy and microwave radiometry. Materials and Methods: The survey has used dermatoscope of Heine Delta 20 Company, the unit RTM-01-RES and the instrument of fluorescent diagnostics «Spectrum-Cluster.» The results suggest the possibility of early detection of melanoma with the use of dermatoscopy. The method may be applied to radiometry screening study. Fluorescence diagnostics is effective for the differential diagnosis of melanoma and melanocytic nevi. In conclusion it has been proved the need for an integrated approach to the diagnostics of melanoma of skin, depending on the different clinical situations.

  15. [The human being from the point of view of animals or, "Who knows whether the breath of men goes upwards?" (Ecclesiastes 3:21)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arendt, D

    1999-05-01

    The question of whether animals have souls has been asked since as early as the Old Testament. Where this is believed to be true, fiction has provided interesting models in literature: The human being as seen by animals has been a popular subject since Apuleius' 'Asinus aureus' and how man appears from the perspective of a donkey or a beetle, that is to say the perspective from below, becomes controversial. Examples may be found in all languages and centuries in Jonathan Swift, Miguel Cervantes, E. T. A. Hoffmann, Ludwig Tieck, Heinrich Heine, Viktor von Scheffel, Franz Kafka and others. Résumé at the end: How does man answer this question or his own self-questioning?

  16. 试论名词非范畴化的转喻机制%On Metonymy as the Cognitive Mechanism of Noun De-Categorization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李振

    2014-01-01

    运用Ruiz de Mendoza(2002)和Heine(1991)的转喻观点,分析了名词非范畴化的认知机制.研究发现,名词非范畴化发生的基本认知机制,是通过激活类概念的主域来指称或说明想要表达的次域中的概念;同时次域中的语义焦点,要结合具体语境通过转喻的视角化来突显.本研究运用转喻理论为名词非范畴化的认知机制做出了统一解释.

  17. 艺术的歌曲 艺术地歌唱——兼谈弗朗兹·卢卡索维斯基的德奥艺术歌曲教学理念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵青

    2011-01-01

    <正>德奥艺术歌曲,德语称为"Lied",音译为"利德"。在德语中,"Lied"一词大约在15世纪就已经存在了。从字面意义上理解,为"歌曲"之意,现在此词已经用来专指舒伯特(Schubert)、勃拉姆斯(Brahms)、舒曼(Schumann)、沃尔夫(Wolf)以及理查德施特劳斯(RichardStrass)等人的德奥声乐作品。其歌词大多采用诗歌,尤其是歌德(Goethe)、海涅(Heine)、德默尔

  18. Religion is the Opium of the People

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Esther Oluffa

    2015-01-01

    Marx is notorious for his claim that religion is the opium of the people and thus become famous as one of modern thought's most uncompromising critics of religion. In this article I look deeper into the philosophical connotations of Marx's opium metaphor by presenting and discussing other prominent...... thinkers' employment of similar metaphors. Thus, the article follows the trail of opium imagery in connection with different approaches to the criticism of religion. This leads to a discussion of the influence on Marx by G.W.F. Hegel, Bruno Bauer, Moses Hess, Ludwig Feuerbach and emphasizes the influence...... of Heinrich Heine and Immanuel Kant. The ensuing analysis of Marx's opium metaphor establishes thatMarx's thinking in A Contribution to a Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right: Introduction is at a cross road. His dependence on German philosophy in 1843 is highlighted as the contextual background for...

  19. Development of the Young Spine Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Henrik Hein; Hestbæk, Lise

    model of Wilson and Cleary (1995) and divided the YSQ into two parts: part one included spinal prevalence estimates (including pictures of spinal area) and part two questions regarding pain, activity restrictions, care seeking behaviour and influence of parental back trouble. During the developing phase......Title Development of the Young Spine Questionnaire Authors & Affiliations Henrik Hein Lauridsen1, Lise Hestbæk1,2 1. Research Unit for Clinical Biomechanics, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Clinical Locomotion Network, Campusvej 55, DK-5230...... Odense M, Denmark 2. Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Clinical Locomotion Network, Forskerparken 10A, 5230 Odense M, Denmark Background Back pain in children is common and early onset of back pain has been shown to increase the risk of back pain significantly in adulthood...

  20. Religion is the Opium of the People

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Esther Oluffa

    2015-01-01

    of Heinrich Heine and Immanuel Kant. The ensuing analysis of Marx's opium metaphor establishes thatMarx's thinking in A Contribution to a Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right: Introduction is at a cross road. His dependence on German philosophy in 1843 is highlighted as the contextual background for......Marx is notorious for his claim that religion is the opium of the people and thus become famous as one of modern thought's most uncompromising critics of religion. In this article I look deeper into the philosophical connotations of Marx's opium metaphor by presenting and discussing other prominent...... thinkers' employment of similar metaphors. Thus, the article follows the trail of opium imagery in connection with different approaches to the criticism of religion. This leads to a discussion of the influence on Marx by G.W.F. Hegel, Bruno Bauer, Moses Hess, Ludwig Feuerbach and emphasizes the influence...

  1. Clinical effect of a herbal dentifrice on the control of plaque and gingivitis: a double-blind study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pannuti Claudio Mendes

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this randomized, double-blind clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of the Paradontax dentifrice on the reduction of plaque and gingivitis. Subjects were randomly allocated into either the test group (n = 15, Paradontax or the control group (n = 15, standard dentifrice with fluoride. Plaque levels were measured using the Turesky modification of the Quigley & Hein Plaque Index (PI, and gingivitis was evaluated with the Gingival Index (GI. Subjects were asked to brush their teeth with the allocated dentifrice, three times a day, for 21 days. There was no significant difference between groups in relation to the PI and GI medians, at baseline and at the end of the 21-day period. There was no significant reduction in PI in either the test or control groups. There was a significant decrease in GI in the test group. The authors concluded that there was no difference between the dentifrices in the reduction of plaque and gingivitis.

  2. Rasch scaling of the Oswestry Disability Index and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Henrik Hein; Hartvigsen, Jan

    Title Rasch scaling of the Oswestry Disability Index and the Roland-Morris Disability Index Authors & Affiliations: Henrik Hein Lauridsen1, Jan Hartvigsen1,2 1. Research Unit for Clinical Biomechanics, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Clinical...... on an ordinal scale into interval scaling in addition to optimising the fit of instrument items to the target population. In low back pain research the two most commonly used and well-validated questionnaires to assess functional status in patients with low back pain are the Roland-Morris Disability...... Questionnaire (RMQ) and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), however, only few studies have tested these questionnaires using Rasch analysis. This study used Rasch scaling to test the construct validity of the Danish versions of the RMQ (23-item Patrick version) and the ODI (version 2.1a) in a heterogeneous...

  3. Annotation of selection strengths in viral genomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McCauley, Stephen; de Groot, Saskia; Mailund, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    Motivation: Viral genomes tend to code in overlapping reading frames to maximize information content. This may result in atypical codon bias and particular evolutionary constraints. Due to the fast mutation rate of viruses, there is additional strong evidence for varying selection between intra......- and intergenomic regions. The presence of multiple coding regions complicates the concept of Ka/Ks ratio, and thus begs for an alternative approach when investigating selection strengths. Building on the paper by McCauley & Hein (2006), we develop a method for annotating a viral genome coding in overlapping...... may thus achieve an annotation both of coding regions as well as selection strengths, allowing us to investigate different selection patterns and hypotheses. Results: We illustrate our method by applying it to a multiple alignment of four HIV2 sequences, as well as four Hepatitis B sequences. We...

  4. Stochastic Approach to Phonon-Assisted Optical Absorption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zacharias, Marios; Patrick, Christopher E.; Giustino, Feliciano

    2015-10-01

    We develop a first-principles theory of phonon-assisted optical absorption in semiconductors and insulators which incorporates the temperature dependence of the electronic structure. We show that the Hall-Bardeen-Blatt theory of indirect optical absorption and the Allen-Heine theory of temperature-dependent band structures can be derived from the present formalism by retaining only one-phonon processes. We demonstrate this method by calculating the optical absorption coefficient of silicon using an importance sampling Monte Carlo scheme, and we obtain temperature-dependent line shapes and band gaps in good agreement with experiment. The present approach opens the way to predictive calculations of the optical properties of solids at finite temperature.

  5. School bullying

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    of open-ended, social, discursive, material and subjective forces. Instead of approaching bullying as a phenomenon that can be explained and defined in terms of one factor (e.g., aggression), the authors in this anthology focus on a range of different forces that are central in bullying: teachers (Hansen......), school principals and parents (Hein), classroom culture with its particular experiences and histories (Hansen, Henningsen and Kofoed) and the virtual experiences of children – both in terms of their electronically mediated communications and the media products with and through which they play...... and interact (Kofoed; Søndergaard). Other chapters focus on social factors in relation to gender, sexuality, race and class (Meyer) and the role of normativity in understanding bullying more generally (Ellwood and Davies; Laustsen). These chapters by no means exhaust the range of intra-acting forces at work...

  6. Disturbances of the sarcoplasmic reticulum and transverse tubular system in 24-h electrostimulated fast-twitch skeletal muscle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frías, J A; Cadefau, J A; Prats, C;

    2005-01-01

    -migration of terminal cisternae and t-tubules from R3 to R4, indicating the presence of triads. This density change may be associated with calcium overload of the sarcoplasmic reticulum, since total calcium rose three- to fourfold in stimulated muscle homogenates. These changes correlate well with ultrastructural...... damage to longitudinal sarcoplasmic reticulum and swelling of t-tubules revealed by electron microscopy. The ultrastructural changes observed here reflect exercise-induced damage of membrane systems that might severely compromise muscle function. Since this process is reversible, we suggest that it may......Chronic low-frequency stimulation of rabbit tibialis anterior muscle over a 24-h period induces a conspicuous loss of isometric tension that is unrelated to muscle energy metabolism (J.A. Cadefau, J. Parra, R. Cusso, G. Heine, D. Pette, Responses of fatigable and fatigue-resistant fibres of rabbit...

  7. Plaque removal efficacy of powered and manual toothbrushes under supervised and unsupervised conditions: A comparative clinical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Kallar

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The present study was undertaken to determine and compare the efficacy of manual and powered toothbrushes under supervised and unsupervised conditions in 200 school-going children between 6 and 13 years of age. Two hundred school-going children aged between 6 and 13 years were selected. Children were randomly divided into two groups of 100 in each. Group 1 children were given manual brushes, while group 2 children were given powered brushes. The groups were further divided into two subgroups, with supervised brushing in subgroup A and unsupervised brushing in subgroup B. At 3, 6, 9 and 12 weeks, plaque was recorded according to Turseky-Gilmore-Glickman modification of Quingley Hein index and oral hygiene performance index. Data were statistically analyzed. Both brushes significantly reduced the plaque accumulation, though to different degrees. Powered brushes showed significant plaque reduction as compared to the manual brushes. Supervised group of both brushes showed a greater plaque reduction.

  8. An exact solution of spherical mean-field plus a special separable pairing model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, Lianrong; Pan, Feng; Draayer, J. P.

    2017-01-01

    An exact solution of nuclear spherical mean-field plus a special orbit-dependent separable pairing model is studied, of which the separable pairing interaction parameters are obtained by a linear fitting in terms of the single-particle energies considered. The advantage of the model is that, similar to the standard pairing case, it can be solved easily by using the extended Heine-Stieltjes polynomial approach. With the analysis of the model in the ds- and pf-shell subspace, it is shown that this special separable pairing model indeed provides similar pair structures of the model with the original separable pairing interaction, and is obviously better than the standard pairing model in many aspects.

  9. Myriam Bienenstock et Michèle Crampe-Casnabet (dir., Dans quelle mesure la philosophie est pratique. Fichte, Hegel, avec la collaboration de Jean-François Goubet Lyon, ENS Éditions (Theoria, 2000, 275 p., 22 euros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathias Goy

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans sa présentation, Myriam Bienenstock évoque l’interrogation qui fait l’unité philosophique de ce recueil, issu d’un colloque qui s’est tenu en avril 1999 à la maison Heinrich Heine et à l’ENS de Fontenay/Saint-Cloud, associant des chercheurs français et étrangers autour d’une question posée par Hegel dans un fragment de 1801 (publié en 1998. Il s’agit pour Hegel d’interroger la relation de la philosophie avec la vie, le besoin de philosophie ne portant « en fin de compte, sur rien d’autr...

  10. [European paintings entitled "Jesus Christ as Pharmacist" in the Middle Ages and later].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okuda, J

    2001-01-01

    Ninety-eight pictures painted in the Middle Ages and later entitled "Christ as Pharmacist" are shown in a little German book (W. H. Hein, Christus als Apotheker, Govi-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main, 1974). In the three paintings shown here, Christ appears as a pharmacist standing behind a pharmacy table used to compound medicine, and he has a medicinal balance in his left hand. The Christian terms, such as faith, love, and hope, and the drug's name are written on each of the drug vase labels. It seems that the purpose of displaying these paintings in a pharmacy was both to propagate Christianity to the poor who bought medicine at their family pharmacy and to win their respect for the pharmacist.

  11. Development of the Young Spine Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Henrik Hein; Hestbæk, Lise

    Title Development of the Young Spine Questionnaire Authors & Affiliations Henrik Hein Lauridsen1, Lise Hestbæk1,2 1. Research Unit for Clinical Biomechanics, Institute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Clinical Locomotion Network, Campusvej 55, DK-5230...... and adolescents are absent. The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument for children aged 9-12 years which could fill this gap in the literature. Methods The Young Spine Questionnaire (YSQ) was developed in three phases – the conceptualisation, development and testing phase. We used the conceptual...... model of Wilson and Cleary (1995) and divided the YSQ into two parts: part one included spinal prevalence estimates (including pictures of spinal area) and part two questions regarding pain, activity restrictions, care seeking behaviour and influence of parental back trouble. During the developing phase...

  12. Asymptotic distribution of motifs in a stochastic context-free grammar model of RNA folding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poznanović, Svetlana; Heitsch, Christine E

    2014-12-01

    We analyze the distribution of RNA secondary structures given by the Knudsen-Hein stochastic context-free grammar used in the prediction program Pfold. Our main theorem gives relations between the expected number of these motifs--independent of the grammar probabilities. These relations are a consequence of proving that the distribution of base pairs, of helices, and of different types of loops is asymptotically Gaussian in this model of RNA folding. Proof techniques use singularity analysis of probability generating functions. We also demonstrate that these asymptotic results capture well the expected number of RNA base pairs in native ribosomal structures, and certain other aspects of their predicted secondary structures. In particular, we find that the predicted structures largely satisfy the expected relations, although the native structures do not.

  13. Pushing the limits of first-principles electron-phonon calculations: from photoemission kinks to band gaps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giustino, Feliciano

    2012-02-01

    The electron-phonon interaction is key to some of the most intriguing and technologically important phenomena in condensed matter physics, ranging from superconductivity to charge density waves, electrical resistivity, and thermoelectricity. Starting from the late nineties first-principles calculations of electron-phonon interactions in metals have become increasingly popular, mainly in connection with the study of conventional superconductors and with the interpretation of angle-resolved photoemission experiments. In contrast, progress on first-principles calculations of electron-phonon interactions in insulators has been comparatively slower. This delay is arguably due to the conventional wisdom that the signatures of electron-phonon interactions in semiconductor band structures are so small that they fall within the error bar of the most accurate electronic structure calculations. In order to fill this gap we developed, within the context of state-of-the-art density-functional techniques, a theory proposed by Allen and Heine for calculating the temperature dependence of band gaps in semiconductors [P. B. Allen, V. Heine, J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 69, 2305 (1976)]. This methodology allows us to calculate both the temperature dependence of the quasiparticle energies and the renormalization due to zero-point quantum fluctuations. In order to demonstrate this technique an application to the intriguing case of diamond will be discussed [F. Giustino, S. G. Louie, M. L. Cohen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 265501 (2010)]. In this case the calculated temperature dependence of the direct band gap agrees well with spectroscopic ellipsometry data, and the renormalization due to the electron-phonon interaction is found to be spectacularly large (>0.6 eV). This unexpected finding might be only the tip of the iceberg in a research area which remains largely unexplored and which, from a first glimpse, appears rich of surprises.

  14. Artificial feeding and nutritional status of semi-domesticated reindeer during winter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauri Nieminen

    1987-06-01

    Full Text Available Three feeding experiments were done during 1980-82 with semi-domesticated reindeer in captivity out of doors in Northern Finland. Calves and adult hinds were fed with lichens (Cladina spp., hay, dry molasses pulp and other feeds containing different amounts of proteins and other nutrients. The body weight, blood and faecal N were lowest in lichen fed groups. Slightly higher values were measured in groups fed with dry or ground hay, dry molasses pulp, oat bran and commercial feeds.Poron kunto talvella keimoruokinnalla.Abstract in Finnish / Yhteenveto: Vuosina 1980-82 tehtiin poroilla tarhaoloissa Pohjois-Suomessa kolme ruokintakoetta. Vasoja ja vaatimia ruokittiin jåkålållå (Cladina spp., heinållå, melassileikkeellå ja muilla rehuilla, joissa oli eri mååriå valkuaista ja muita ravintoaineita. Porojen elopaino, veriarvot ja ulosteen typpipitoisuus olivat alhaisimmat jåkålållå ruokitulla poroilla. Hieman karkeampia arvoja mitattiin muissa ryhmisså, joita ruokittiin, kuivalla tai jauhetulla heinållå, melassileikkeellå, kaurajauholla ja kaupallisilla rehuilla.Foring og næringsstatus hos finsk rein gjennom vinteren.Abstract in Norwegian / Sammendrag: Tre forsøk med foring av rein ble utført i årene 1980-82. Dyrene ble holdt utendørs i innhegning i Nord-Finland. Kalver og voksne simler ble gitt lav (Cladina spp., høy, tørket melasse-pulp og andre forsor-ter med forskjellig innhold av protein og andre næringsstoffer. Kroppsvekt, blod verdier og total-N-innhold i fæces var lavest i de lav-forede grupper. Litt høyere verdier ble målt i andre grupper som ble gitt vanlig eller malt høy, tørket melasse-pulp, havrekli og kommersielle forsorter.

  15. Manganese nodules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hein, James R.; Harff, Jan; Petersen, Sven; Thiede, Jorn

    2016-01-01

    The existence of manganese (Mn) nodules (Figure 1) has been known since the late 1800s when they were collected during the Challenger expedition of 1873–1876. However, it was not until after WWII that nodules were further studied in detail for their ability to adsorb metals from seawater. Many of the early studies did not distinguish Mn nodules from Mn crusts. Economic interest in Mn nodules began in the late 1950s and early 1960s when John Mero finished his Ph.D. thesis on this subject, which was published in the journal Economic Geology (Mero, 1962) and later as a book (Mero, 1965). By the mid-1970s, large consortia had formed to search for and mine Mn nodules that occur between the Clarion and Clipperton fracture zones (CCZ) in the NE Pacific (Figure 2). This is still the area considered of greatest economic potential in the global ocean because of high nickel (Ni), copper (Cu), and Mn contents and the dense distribution of nodules in the area. While the mining of nodules was fully expected to begin in the late 1970s or early 1980s, this never occurred due to a downturn in the price of metals on the global market. Since then, many research cruises have been undertaken to study the CCZ nodules, and now 15 contracts for exploration sites have been given or are pending by the International Seabed Authority (ISA). Many books and science journal articles have been published summarizing the early work (e.g., Baturin, 1988; Halbach et al., 1988), and research has continued to the present day (e.g., ISA, 1999; ISA, 2010). Although the initial attraction for nodules was their high Ni, Cu, and Mn contents, subsequent work has shown that nodules host large quantities of other critical metals needed for high-tech, green-tech, and energy applications (Hein et al., 2013; Hein and Koschinsky, 2014).

  16. SOPROCARE - 450 nm wavelength detection tool for microbial plaque and gingival inflammation: a clinical study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rechmann, P.; Liou, Shasan W.; Rechmann, Beate M.; Featherstone, John D.

    2014-02-01

    Gingivitis due to microbial plaque and calculus can lead over time if left untreated to advanced periodontal disease with non-physiological pocket formation. Removal of microbial plaque in the gingivitis stage typically achieves gingival health. The SOPROCARE camera system emits blue light at 450 nm wavelength using three blue diodes. The 450 nm wavelength is located in the non-ionizing, visible spectral wavelength region and thus is not dangerous. It is assumed that using the SOPROCARE camera in perio-mode inflamed gingiva can easily be observed and inflammation can be scored due to fluorescence from porphyrins in blood. The assumption is also that illumination of microbial plaque with blue light induces fluorescence due to the bacteria and porphyrin content of the plaque and thus can help to make microbial plaque and calculus visible. Aim of the study with 55 subjects was to evaluate the ability of the SOPROCARE fluorescence camera system to detect, visualize and allow scoring of microbial plaque in comparison to the Turesky modification of the Quigley and Hein plaque index. A second goal was to detect and score gingival inflammation and correlated the findings to the Silness and Löe gingival inflammation index. The study showed that scoring of microbial plaque as well as gingival inflammation levels similar to the established Turesky modified Quigley Hein index and the Silness and Löe gingival inflammation index can easily be done using the SOPROCARE fluorescence system in periomode. Linear regression fits between the different clinical indices and SOPROCARE scores in fluorescence perio-mode revealed the system's capacity for effective discrimination between scores.

  17. Hay as the feed for reindeer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liisa Syrjälä-Qvist

    1985-05-01

    rav var höets andel motsvarande 10, 9 og 8 g/kg levande vikt. De olika foderkomponenternas smäkbarhet i fodergivan var god eller i de olika dieterna 66 — 78%. I de olika djurens dieter forekom inte heller märkbara skillnader. N-balansen var negativ i alla dieter.Heina porojen rehuna.Abstract in Finnish / Yhteenveto: Eri määriä heinää ja väkirehua sisältävän rehuannoksen maittavuutta ja sulavuutta sekä typpitasetta selvitettiin neljällä täysikasvuisella urosporolla 3x3 latinalaisen maliin mukaan järjestetyssä kokeessa. Poroista kolme oli kokeen aikana sisällä sulavuuskoehäkeissa ja uksi poro ulkona tarhassa. Heinä oli timoteitä ja väkirehu ohraa ja teollista täysrehua. Heinän osuudeksi rehuannoksen kuiva-aineesta laskettuna suunniteltiin eri dieeteille 80, 65 ja 50%. Porot eivät kuitenkaan syöneet tarjottua heinämäärää, joten heinän osuudeksi jäi 75, 62 ja 49%. Väkirehuannoksensa porot söivät kokonaan. Kuiva-aineen päivittäiset kokonaissyöntimäärät lisääntyivät väkirehun osuuden lisääntyessä ollen eri dieeteillä 14, 15 ja 16 g/elopeinokilo, mistä määristä heinää oli vestaavasti 10, 9 ja 8 g/elopainokilo. Rehuannoksen eri komponenttien sulavuudet olivat hyvät, eri dieeteillä 66 — 78% eikä eläinten ja dieettien välillä ollut merkitseviä eroja. Typpitase oli negatiivinen kaikilla dieeteillä.

  18. On possible linguistic correlates to brain lateralization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Kouteva/Kuteva

    2014-04-01

    The present paper compares the two modes of processing proposed by Van Lancker Sidtis (2009 in her dual process model and the two domains of discourse organization distinguished in the framework of Discourse Grammar (Heine et al. 2013; Kaltenböck et al. 2011. These two frameworks were developed on different kinds of data. In the dual process model it is observations on patients with left or right hemisphere damage that marked the starting point of analysis. Central to the dual process model is the distinction between novel speech (or novel language, or newly created language, or propositional speech and formulaic speech (or formulaic expressions or automatic speech. Easily identified instances of formulaic speech are swear words, interjections, pause fillers, discourse elements, non-literal lexical meanings for idioms, proverbs. Unlike the dual process model, in the Discourse Grammar model it is linguistic discontinuities that provided the basis of analysis. Discourse grammar in this model is understood as all the linguistic resources that are available for constructing spoken and written (and signed texts. We argue that Discourse Grammar can be divided into two distinct domains, namely Sentence Grammar and Thetical Grammar. Whereas Sentence Grammar has been at the centre of interest in mainstream linguistics, Thetical Grammar encompasses linguistic phenomena – such as formulae of social exchange, imperatives, vocatives, interjections, including hesitation markers and pause fillers and what is traditionally known as “parenthetical” constructions – that pose a problem to orthodox grammatical analysis. We show that the findings made within the two frameworks are largely compatible with one another: both models converge on claiming that there is a significant correlation between linguistic categorization and hemisphere-based brain activity. In the dual process model it is hypothesized that there is a significant correlation between certain kinds of speech

  19. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratna Saptari

    1994-07-01

    Full Text Available - Martin Baier, Sri Kuhnt-Saptodewo, Zum Seelengeliet bei den Ngaju am Kahayan; Auswertung eines Sakraltextes zur Manarung-Zeremonie beim totenfest. München: Akademischer Verlag,1993 (PhD thesis, Ludwig-Maximilian-Universitiy München. - H.J.M. Claessen, Annette B. Weiner, Inalienable Possessions; The paradox of keeping-while-giving. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1992, 232 pp. Bibl. Index - Charles A. Coppel, Wang Gungwu, Community and Nation; China, Southeast Asia and Australia. Sydney: Asian studies of Australia in association with Allen & Unwin, 1992 (2nd revised edition, viii + 359 pp - Heleen Gall, W. J. Mommsen, European expansion and Law; the encounter of European and Indigenous Law in 19th- and 20th- century Africa and Asia. Oxford; Berg publishers, 1992, vi + 339 pp, J.A. de Moor (eds. - Beatriz van der Goes, C. W. Watson, Kinship, Property and inheritance in Kerinci, Central Sumatra. Canterbury:University of Kent, Centre for Social Anthropology and computing Monographs no: 4. South-East Asian Series, 1992, ix + 255 pp - Kees Groeneboer, Tom van der Berge, Van Kenis tot kunst; Soendanese poezie in de koloniale tijd. Proefschrift Rijksuniversiteit Lieden, November 1993, 220 pp - Kees Groeneboer, J.E.A.M. Lelyveld, ‘... waarlijk geen overdaad, doch een dringende eisch..’’; Koloniaal onderwijs en onderwijsbeleid in Nederlands-Indië 1893-1942. Proefschrift Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht, 1992. - Marleen Heins, R. Anderson Sutton, Variation in Central Javanese gamelan music; Dynamics of a steady state. Northern Illinois University: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Monograph series on Southeast Asia, (Special Report 28 ,1993. - Marleen Heins, E. Heins, Jaap Kunst, Indonesian music and dance; Traditional music and its interaction with the West. Amsterdam: Royal Tropical Institute/Tropenmuseum, University of Amsterdam, Ethnomusicology Centre `Jaap Junst’, 1994, E. den Otter, F. van Lamsweerde (eds. - David Henley

  20. 血红素铁对仔猪生长性能和血液指标的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江国永; 于伟; 潘勇; 高冬余; 成国祥

    2012-01-01

    One hundred and twenty 28-day-old weaned piglets were selected and randomly divided into 4 groups, i.e. control, treatment 1, treatment 2 and treatment 3, which were respectively supplied 0 mg/kg, 27.5mg/kg, 55.0mg/kg and 85.0 mg/kg heme iron on the basal diet. The effects of heine iron on growth performance and blood biochemical parameters (hemoglobin and IgG) of weaned piglets were researched. The feeding experiment was conducted for 14 days. The results as follows: heine iron can improve weaned piglet's average daily gain and feed conversion rate, Statistical analysis shows 55,0mg/kg heme iron in diet increased feed conversion rate by 10.27% compared with control group (P〈0.05). Heine iron had a certain growth promoting effect on weaned piglets, and the hemoglobin concentration in the whole blood and the IgG concentration in the plasma were improved.%选取120头28日龄断奶仔猪,随机分成4个处理组,即对照组和5个试验组,每组5个重复,每个重复10头。对照组饲喂基础日粮,试验1组、试验2组、试验3组分别饲喂基础日粮中血红素铁净添加量为27.5mg/kg、55.0mg/kg、85.0mg/kg的3种试验日粮,研究日粮中添加血红素铁对断奶仔猪的生长性能、血液指标(血红蛋白浓度、免疫球蛋白浓度)的影响。试验正试期14d。结果表明,血红素铁各添加量组均能够提高仔猪的生长性能,日粮中血红素铁添加量为55mg/kg时,仔猪平均日增重、饲料转化率较对照组分别提高12.02%和10.27%(P〈0.05)。血红素铁对断奶仔猪有良好的促生长作用,也在一定程度上提高了仔猪血液中血红蛋白和IgG浓度。

  1. Inzicht door onderdompeling Een reactie op Bart Van de Putte, Henk de Smaele en Dirk Jan Wolffram

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Hein Furnée

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Giving a detailed account of the social history of The Hague’s most prominent sites of civilised leisure – the gentlemen’s clubs, the zoo, the Royal Theatre and the seaside resort of Scheveningen – Plaatsen van beschaafd vertier demonstrates how the constant struggle for social in- and exclusion structured the daily lives of upper and middle class men and women in The Hague in the nineteenth century. In response to Bart Van de Putte, Jan Hein Furnée argues that extensive quantitative analyses of ‘class’ and ‘social class’ show that objective class stratifications based onwealth and/or occupation are important tools, but at most semi-finished products for historical research. Furnée fully agrees with Henk de Smaele’s objection that his study would have benefitted from a more in-depth reflection on the ways in which shifting patterns in women’s freedom of movement in urban spaces were related to their political and economic emancipation. In response to Dirk Jan Wolffram, Furnée repeats some examples given in his book that show how political practices in places of leisure impacted upon local and national politics, even though this didnot directly contribute to a linear process of increasing political participation and representation.Aan de hand van een gedetailleerde analyse van de sociale geschiedenis van herenen burgersociëteiten, de dierentuin, de Koninklijke Schouwburg en badplaats Scheveningen demonstreert Plaatsen van beschaafd vertier hoe de constante strijd om sociale in- en uitsluiting het dagelijks leven van mannen en vrouwen uit de hogere en middenstanden in negentiende-eeuws Den Haag beheerste. In reactie op Bart Van de Putte betoogt Jan Hein Furnée dat grondige kwantitatieve analyses van ‘class’ en ‘social class’ uitwijst dat objectieve sociale stratificaties op basis van welstand en/of beroep voor historisch onderzoek weliswaar zeer nuttig enzelfs noodzakelijk, maar uiteindelijk slechts een

  2. Parâmetros de desempenho de dezesseis equipamentos de irrigação por pivô central Parameters of performance of sixteen center-pivot irrigation equipments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delvio Sandri

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available O tempo de uso de sistemas de irrigação por pivô central pode resultar em alteração de suas características hidráulicas, necessitando de avaliações periódicas para manter a uniformidade de distribuição de água em níveis aceitáveis. Objetivou-se, neste trabalho, avaliar as condições de funcionamento e desempenho de dezesseis pivôs centrais, localizados em onze municípios de Goiás e no Distrito Federal. Estimou-se o coeficiente de uniformidade de Heermann & Hein - CUH e uniformidade de distribuição - CUD, variação da lâmina coletada em relação à projetada e os fatores que interferem no desempenho dos equipamentos. Dos pivôs avaliados, quatro (25% apresentaram CUH inadequado (The time of use of the center-pivot irrigation system may result in alteration of the hydraulic characteristics, frequent evaluations being needed to maintain the efficiency of water distribution at acceptable levels. The aim of this work was to evaluate the conditions of the use and the performance of sixteen center pivots, located in eleven municipal districts of Goiás State and Federal District, Brazil. The Heermann & Hein - CUH coefficient of uniformity and coefficient of distribution - CUD, variation between the collected and projected depth and verification of the main factors that influenced the performance were evaluated. Among the evaluated pivots, four (25% presented inadequate CUH (< 80% and three (18.75% presented inadequate CUD (< 70%. The average depth applied was higher than the projected in three and lower in thirteen pivots, with the difference higher than 10% in only one pivot. Most of the evaluated pivots need maintenance to solve the following problems: emitters with flow rate different from the flow considered appropriate for some intervals of the equipments; emitters totally or partially clogged or damaged; absence of suspension strings; damaged pressure regulators; leaks in several points and speed displacement different

  3. Inzicht door onderdompeling Een reactie op Bart Van de Putte, Henk de Smaele en Dirk Jan Wolffram

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Hein Furnée

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Giving a detailed account of the social history of The Hague’s most prominent sites of civilised leisure – the gentlemen’s clubs, the zoo, the Royal Theatre and the seaside resort of Scheveningen – Plaatsen van beschaafd vertier demonstrates how the constant struggle for social in- and exclusion structured the daily lives of upper and middle class men and women in The Hague in the nineteenth century. In response to Bart Van de Putte, Jan Hein Furnée argues that extensive quantitative analyses of ‘class’ and ‘social class’ show that objective class stratifications based onwealth and/or occupation are important tools, but at most semi-finished products for historical research. Furnée fully agrees with Henk de Smaele’s objection that his study would have benefitted from a more in-depth reflection on the ways in which shifting patterns in women’s freedom of movement in urban spaces were related to their political and economic emancipation. In response to Dirk Jan Wolffram, Furnée repeats some examples given in his book that show how political practices in places of leisure impacted upon local and national politics, even though this didnot directly contribute to a linear process of increasing political participation and representation.Aan de hand van een gedetailleerde analyse van de sociale geschiedenis van herenen burgersociëteiten, de dierentuin, de Koninklijke Schouwburg en badplaats Scheveningen demonstreert Plaatsen van beschaafd vertier hoe de constante strijd om sociale in- en uitsluiting het dagelijks leven van mannen en vrouwen uit de hogere en middenstanden in negentiende-eeuws Den Haag beheerste. In reactie op Bart Van de Putte betoogt Jan Hein Furnée dat grondige kwantitatieve analyses van ‘class’ en ‘social class’ uitwijst dat objectieve sociale stratificaties op basis van welstand en/of beroep voor historisch onderzoek weliswaar zeer nuttig enzelfs noodzakelijk, maar uiteindelijk slechts een

  4. Effect of freeze dried powdered probiotics on gingival status and plaque inhibition: A randomized, double-blind, parallel study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asif Yousuf

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of freeze dried powdered probiotics on gingival status and plaque inhibition among 12–15-year-old schoolchildren. Materials and Methods: This randomized controlled trial was conducted among 12–15-year-old schoolchildren in Jaipur. Commercially available freeze dried probiotics containing Lactobacillus acidophilus, Bifidobacterium longum, Bifidobacterium bifidum and Bifidobacterium lactis (Prowel, Alkem Laboratories, lactic acid bacillus only (Sporolac, Sangyo, and a placebo powder calcium carbonate 250 g (Calcium Sandoz, Novartis were assigned to two intervention groups and a placebo group each comprising 11 schoolchildren. All subjects were instructed to mix the powder in 30 ml of water and swish once daily for 3 min, for 3 weeks. Periodontal clinical parameters were assessed by examining the subjects for Turesky-Gilmore-Glickman plaque index (PI (Modification of Quigley-Hein PI and gingival index at baseline, 7th day, 14th day, and 21st day. Results: For both the probiotic groups, a statistically significant reduction (P < 0.05 in gingival status and plaque inhibition was recorded up to 2nd week of probiotic ingestion. However, no significant difference was observed in the placebo group. Conclusion: The use of probiotic mouth rinses improves the oral health in children by significantly reducing the plaque and gingival scores. Further studies are warranted to prove or refute the long-term effects, means of administering probiotics and the dosages needed to achieve different preventive or therapeutic purposes.

  5. Comparative analysis between hard- and soft-filament toothbrushes related to plaque removal and gingival abrasion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Rosimary de Sousa; Rossi, Vanessa; Weidlich, Patrícia; Oppermann, Rui Vicente

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this split-mouth, examiner-blind study was to compare the dental plaque removal and incidence of gingival abrasion associated with the use of hard- and soft-filament toothbrushes. The test group consisted of 20 non-dental students, mean age 25 years. After a three-day period of plaque accumulation following the use of a disclosing solution, the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index was recorded, while the presence of gingival abrasion was measured from photographs. Pairs of quadrants 1-3 and 2-4 were allocated to supervised brushing with hard- or soft-filament toothbrushes for 30 seconds, limited to the buccal aspects of the teeth. Plaque levels and gingival abrasion were again assessed. Initial and final values of the plaque index and the mean number of abrasions were compared with the Friedman and Wilcoxon tests (p < or = 0.05). Plaque indices were reduced significantly from a baseline of 4.12 in both groups to 1.21 after the use of hard-filament toothbrushes, and to 1.67 after the use of soft-filament toothbrushes. The use of hard-filament toothbrushes resulted in a significantly higher mean number of lesions when compared to the soft-filament toothbrushes; 11.6 and 7.9, respectively (p = 0.018). Hard-filament toothbrushes remove more plaque than soft filament brushes, but also cause a higher number of gingival abrasions.

  6. A clinical trial testing the efficacy of an ionic toothbrush for reducing plaque and gingivitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreira, Carlos Heitor Cunha; Luz, Patrícia Blaya; Villarinho, Eduardo Aydos; Petri, Luciano Costa; Weidlich, Patrícia; Rösing, Cassiano Kuchenbecker

    2007-01-01

    This study was designed to assess the efficacy of an ionic toothbrush on reducing plaque and gingivitis. Twenty first-year dental students were included in the study. Ten individuals were randomly assigned to use either an ionic or a conventional toothbrush. Two periods of 28 days each were used with each brush, with a wash-out period of 14 days. A calibrated examiner used the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (QHI) and Gingival Bleeding Index (GBI) on six sites per tooth, on all teeth, both pre- and post-brushing. The examiner was unaware of the toothbrush used by the subjects. Means were calculated, and for intra and inter-group comparisons a paired sample t-test was used (alpha = 0.05). On buccal-lingual surfaces, both toothbrushes significantly reduced plaque; there was no statistically significant difference between the two toothbrushes (1.56 and 1.52 for ionic and conventional toothbrushes, respectively). In interdental spaces, an increase of QHI was detected for both brushes, but without significant differences between them. For the GBI on buccal/lingual surfaces, no significant differences were detected between toothbrushes. The GBI did not significantly change for either toothbrush on interdental surfaces during the study period. The ionic and the conventional toothbrushes did not present statistically significant differences on plaque and gingival bleeding reductions.

  7. Managing missing scores on the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Henrik Hein

    2009-01-01

    MANAGING MISSING SCORES ON THE ROLAND MORRIS DISABILITY QUESTIONNAIRE  Peter Kenta and Henrik Hein Lauridsenb  aBack Research Centre and bInstitute of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark Background There is no standard method to calculate Roland Morris...... error present when the Oswestry was scored in the same way. Methods ·         For each of 311 fully completed RMDQ23 questionnaires from people seeking primary or secondary care, a sum score was calculated and standardized to a 100-point scale. ·         Using random number generation, questions were...... was repeated using the Oswestry scores from the same people. Results ·         The mean standardized score for the RMDQ23 was 49/100 (SD25, range 4-91) and for the Oswestry was 37/100 (SD13, range 3-74). ·         The absolute error from a RMDQ23 standardized score ranged from a mean of 2 (SD2, range 0-9) when...

  8. Review of teriflunomide and its potential in the treatment of multiple sclerosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clemens Warnke

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Clemens Warnke1, Gerd Meyer zu Hörste1, Hans-Peter Hartung1, Olaf Stüve2,3,4, Bernd C Kieseier11Department of Neurology, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Germany; 2Neurology Section, VA North Texas Health Care System, Medical Service, Dallas, TX, USA; 3Department of Neurology; 4Department of immunology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, TX, USAAbstract: In the light of new cases of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy and induced autoimmunity in multiple sclerosis (MS patients who received treatment with upcoming disease-modifying immunosuppressant drugs with a highly specific mode of action such as natalizumab, rituximab, or alemtuzumab, alternative oral treatment options for a subgroup of less severely affected MS patients are a major focus of drug development. These agents are currently investigated in phase III clinical trials and some of them are characterized by a favorable safety profile. With an emphasis on teriflunomide, the active metabolite of an immunosuppressant approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis since 1998, a number of oral treatment options for patients with MS are discussed.Keywords: teriflunomide, multiple sclerosis, immunosuppressant, oral drugs

  9. Surgical and nonsurgical treatment of total rupture of the pectoralis major muscle in athletes: update and critical appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jörn Kircher

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Jörn Kircher, Christoph Ziskoven, Thilo Patzer, Daniela Zaps, Bernd Bittersohl, Rüdiger KrauspeUniversity Hospital, Orthopaedic Department, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, GermanyAbstract: The complete rupture of the pectoralis major tendon is an uncommon injury but has become increasingly common among athletes in recent years. This may be due to a higher number of individuals taking part in high-impact sports and weightlifting as well as the use of anabolic substances, which can make muscles and tendons vulnerable to injury. In recent literature, there are only few recommendations to rely on conservative treatment alone, but there are a number of reports and case series recommending early surgical intervention. Comparing the results of the two treatment regimens, there is clear evidence for a superior outcome after surgical repair with better cosmesis, better functional results, regaining of muscle power, and return to sports compared with the conservative treatment. In summary, anatomic surgical repair is the treatment of choice for complete acute ruptures of the pectoralis major tendon or muscle in athletes.Keywords: pectoralis major, rupture, athlete, conservative treatment, surgical treatment, steroid, tendon, sports injury

  10. Lühileksikon / Ants Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oras, Ants

    2007-01-01

    Sisu: William Shakespeareþi sonetid (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1934, nr. 10, lk. 1142-1143, pealkirjaga "Järelmärkus") ; Alexander Popeì "Lokirööv" (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1934, nr. 5, lk. 481-483, pealkirjaga "Järelmärkus") ; Robert Burns (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1939, nr. 7, lk. 756, pealkirjaga "Märkus") ; Lord Byroni "Don Juan" (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1934, nr. 5, lk. 481-483, pealkirjaga: "Sissejuhatav märge") ; John Keatsi luule (ilmunud ka: Looming 1936, nr. 10, lk. 1162, pealkirjaga "Järelmärkus") ; Aleksandr Pushkini looduslüürika (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1934, nr. 1, lk. 68-70, pealkirjaga "Järelmärge") ; Heinrich Heine (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1933, nr. 5, lk. 515-516, pealkirjaga "Saateks") ; Leconte de Lisleì luule (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1939, nr. 8, lk. 869-870, pealkirjaga "Järelmärkus") ; Algernon Swinburne (ilmunud ka: Looming, 191937, nr. 1, lk. 40, pealkirjaga "Järelmärkus") ; Robert Bridges (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1930, nr. 3, lk. 379, pealkirjaga "Inglise poet laureate surnud" (lüh.)) ; Rudyard Kipling (ilmunud ka: Kunst ja Kirjandus, 5. jaanuar 1936, nr. 1, lk. 4, autorinimeta, pealkirjaga "Rudyard Kipling 70-a." ; Robert Frosti luule (ilmunud ka: Tulimuld, 1954, nr. 4, lk. 227-229, 233) ; Vachel Lindsay (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1930, nr. 3, lk. 319-320, pealkirjata)

  11. Evaluation of several lightweight stochastic context-free grammars for RNA secondary structure prediction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddy Sean R

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background RNA secondary structure prediction methods based on probabilistic modeling can be developed using stochastic context-free grammars (SCFGs. Such methods can readily combine different sources of information that can be expressed probabilistically, such as an evolutionary model of comparative RNA sequence analysis and a biophysical model of structure plausibility. However, the number of free parameters in an integrated model for consensus RNA structure prediction can become untenable if the underlying SCFG design is too complex. Thus a key question is, what small, simple SCFG designs perform best for RNA secondary structure prediction? Results Nine different small SCFGs were implemented to explore the tradeoffs between model complexity and prediction accuracy. Each model was tested for single sequence structure prediction accuracy on a benchmark set of RNA secondary structures. Conclusions Four SCFG designs had prediction accuracies near the performance of current energy minimization programs. One of these designs, introduced by Knudsen and Hein in their PFOLD algorithm, has only 21 free parameters and is significantly simpler than the others.

  12. Comparative antiplaque and antigingivitis efficacy of three antiseptic mouthrinses: a two week randomized clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pejmon Amini

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this randomized, examiner blind, parallel group, controlled clinical trial was to compare the antiplaque and antigingivitis efficacy of an essential oil-containing mouthrinse (EO to two mouthrinses containing 0.05% Cetylpyridinium Chloride (CPC, one with alcohol and one alcohol-free, using a two-week experimental gingivitis validated-model with a 5% hydroalcohol rinse serving as the negative control. One hundred and fifty-nine subjects, 56 males and 103 females; ranging in age from 18 to 58 years in good general health were assigned to one of the four treatment groups: EO (n = 40, 0.05% CPC with alcohol (CPCa, n = 39, 0.05% CPC alcohol-free (CPCna, n = 40, and 5% hydroalcohol negative control (n = 40. The Mean Turesky Modification of the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (PI and the Mean Modified Gingival Index (MGI were the primary efficacy endpoints and were evaluated at baseline and at two weeks. Following baseline examinations, subjects received a complete dental prophylaxis and began supervised rinsing with their assigned mouthrinse twice daily for two weeks, as their sole oral hygiene measure; 151 subjects completed the trial. Two weeks after baseline the EO adjusted mean PI and MGI scores were significantly lower than those of both CPC rinses and negative control (p < 0.001. In conclusion, the EO mouthrinse demonstrated significantly greater antiplaque and antigingivitis efficacy than both CPC-containing mouthrinses and the negative control.

  13. H2O Nucleation Around Noble Metal Cations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calaminici, Patrizia; Oropeza Alfaro, Pavel; Juarez Flores, Martin; Köster, Andreas; Beltran, Marcela; Ulises Reveles, J.; Khanna, Shiv N.

    2008-03-01

    First principle electronic structure calculations have been carried out to investigate the ground state geometry, electronic structure and binding energy of noble metal cations (H2O)n^+ clusters containing up to 10 H2O molecules. The calculations are performed with the density functional theory code deMon2k [1]. Due to the very flat potential energy surface of these systems special care to the numerical stability of energy and gradient calculation must be taken.Comparison of the results obtained with Cu^+, Ag^+ and Au^+ will be shown. This investigation provides insight into the structural arrangement of the water molecules around these metals and a microscopic understanding of the observed incremental binding energy in the case of the gold cation based on collision induced dissociation experiments. [1] A.M. Köster, P. Calaminici, M.E. Casida, R. Flores-Moreno, G. Geudtner, A. Goursot, T. Heine, A. Ipatov, F. Janetzko, J. Martin del Campo, S. Patchkovski, J.U. Reveles, A. Vela and D.R. Salahub, deMon2k, The deMon Developers, Cinvestav, 2006

  14. Evaluation of the plaque removal efficacy of xylitol-impregnated single-use toothbrush in vivo in 10-11-year-old children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tezer Ulusu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Xylitol is non-fermentable by oral bacteria and it inhibits the growth, metabolism and polysaccharide production of mutans streptococci, resulting in less bacterial plaque accumulation on teeth. This study aimed to compare the plaque removal efficacy on the teeth of children of xylitol-impregnated or non-impregnated single-use toothbrushes identical in shape and manufactured by the same company. Materials and Method: Thirty children aged 10-11 years were randomly separated into two groups of 15 children each. First group used a xylitol-impregnated toothbrush and the second group used a non-impregnated toothbrush for brushing. Dental plaque on upper central incisors was photographed intra-orally before and after brushing under standardized conditions. These photographs were stored in a computer and the amount of dental plaque was scored by using Turensky Modified Quinley Hein Plaque Index by a researcher blinded to the groups. Results: While both xylitol-impregnated and non-impregnated groups had significantly higher plaque index in before-brushing photographs than after-brushing photographs (p0.05. Conclusion: The results of the study emphasized that toothbrushing itself, regardless of xylitol content within the toothbrush, is essential for removing the dental plaque.

  15. RF waves - Measuring their energy (dBm) in three points into Baia Mare, Romania

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pop-Vǎdean, A.; Pop, P. P.; Barz, C.; Lung, C.

    2016-02-01

    For the general public - and even for people with a science education - knowing to be subject to Radio Frequency (RF) radiation may arouse a feeling of uneasiness or even fear. Those feelings are instigated by the fact that you cannot see, hear, smell or feel RF radiation. Furthermore, the term „radiation” in itself has become very sensitive from the moment that the hazardous health effects of excessive radioactive decay (ionizing radiation) have become apparent. Media announcements of mostly unconfirmed scientific studies add to the feeling of uneasiness. So, naturally, whenever a new Global System of Mobile communications (GSM) base station is installed in an urban environment, the people living in the neighborhood may get worried. The same applies when we propose to use RF radiation for powering wireless sensors in office and home spaces using harvesting energy sistem (HE).In this paper we determine if the electromagnetic field intensity values, measured at certain points, respect the limits set by law, the protection against risks to human health.

  16. A randomized clinical study for comparative evaluation of Aloe Vera and 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash efficacy on de-novo plaque formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chhina, Shivjot; Singh, Avnish; Menon, Ipseeta; Singh, Rickypal; Sharma, Anubhav; Aggarwal, Vartika

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To comparatively assess the antiplaque efficacy of Aloe vera mouthwash and 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash on de novo plaque formation. Materials and Methods: This was a randomized, single blind, parallel, controlled clinical study with 90 healthy participants, with mean age of 27.19 ± 12.08 years. After thorough oral prophylaxis, participants were instructed to discontinue mechanical plaque control. Participants were divided randomly into three groups; pure Aloe vera mouthwash was dispensed to the test group; control group received 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash; in Placebo group, flavored distilled water was used as oral rinse twice daily. Effect on 4-day de novo plaque formation was assessed by comparing pre-rinsing Quigley Hein Modified Plaque Scores were analyzed statistically using analysis of variance and Student's t-test. Results: Post-rinsing control group showed the least plaque score which was comparable to the test group. Both the control group and test group showed significant difference with the placebo group. Conclusions: Herbal mouthwash containing Aloe vera mouthwash has comparable antiplaque efficacy as the gold standard 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate with fewer side effects and can be considered as an alternative. PMID:27382543

  17. Evaluation of water distribution under pivot irrigation systems using remote sensing imagery in eastern Nile delta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Farg

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Traditional methods for center pivot evaluation depend on the water depth distribution along the pivot arm. Estimation and mapping the water depth under pivot irrigation systems using remote sensing data is essential for calculating the coefficient of uniformity (CU of water distribution. This study focuses on estimating and mapping water depth using Landsat OLI 8 satellite data integrated with Heerman and Hein (1968 modified equation for center pivot evaluation. Landsat OLI 8 image was geometrically and radiometrically corrected to calculate the vegetation and water indices (NDVI and NDWI in addition to land surface temperature. Results of the statistical analysis showed that the collected water depth in catchment cans is also highly correlated negatively with NDVI. On the other hand water, depth was positively correlated with NDWI and LST. Multi-linear regression analysis using stepwise selection method was applied to estimate and map the water depth distribution. The results showed R2 and adjusted R2 0.93 and 0.88 respectively. Study area or field level verification was applied for estimation equation with correlation 0.93 between the collected water depth and estimated values.

  18. Evaluation of efficacy of a commercially available herbal mouthwash on dental plaque and gingivitis: A double-blinded parallel randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjukta Bagchi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To evaluate if a commercially available herbal mouthwash, can be a better choice as an anti-plaque and antigingivitis agent when compared with chlorhexidine. Materials and Methods: In a double-blind, parallel group randomized clinical trial 90 nursing students aged 18-25 years were randomly divided into three groups: A (chlorhexidine, B (HiOra and C (distilled water. These groups were asked to rinse with their respective mouthwash two times daily for 21 days. Plaque and gingivitis were evaluated by using Turesky et al. modification of Quigley Hein Plaque Index (1970 and Modified Gingival Index by Lobene et al. (1986 respectively. Statistical analysis was done using ANOVA test. Results: There was statistically significant reduction in plaque and gingival scores from baseline to 21 days in both the groups A and B. Conclusions: Although chlorhexidine group proved to be the best anti-plaque and antigingivitis agent, it was found that HiOra group also showed gradual improvement from baseline to 21 days. Whereas no improvement was seen in the Group C using distilled water over 21 days.

  19. Efficacy of chlorhexidine and green tea mouthwashes in the management of dental plaque-induced gingivitis: A comparative clinical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meena B Priya

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The intake of green tea has been increased recently due to its medicinal values. The antibacterial and antioxidant properties of green tea were found to be beneficial in the treatment of gingival and periodontal diseases. The aim of this comparative study was to compare the efficacy of the mouthwash containing green tea and chlorhexidine in the management of dental plaque-induced gingivitis. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients who participated in the study were divided randomly into two groups, each group of 15 patients was prescribed with either chlorhexidine or green tea mouthwash. Turesky modification of Quigley-Hein plaque index, Löe and Silness gingival index, Ainamo and Bay bleeding index, tooth stain, and tongue stain (TS were recorded at baseline, 15 days, and 1 month. The subjects were asked to report any discomfort or alteration in taste. Results: There was a significant decrease in plaque index, gingival index, and bleeding index in both the groups. However, green tea mouthwash resulted in a statistically significant decrease in bleeding index compared to chlorhexidine group. There was no significant difference in tooth stain and TS in both the groups. Conclusion: The green tea-containing mouthwash is equally effective in reducing the gingival inflammation and plaque to chlorhexidine.

  20. “Let’s Take a Look Together”: Walking Interviews in Domestic Spaces as a Means to Examine ICT Experiences of Women 60+

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Ratzenböck

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Although mobile methods are becoming more common within the social sciences (e.g. Ricketts Hein et al., 2008 and Wiederhold, 2015, p. 607, they mostly take place outdoors. This paper examines the potential of walking interviews conducted in small domestic spaces to explore the ICT experiences of women aged 60+ and to discuss the challenges and advantages of this method. This case study of indoor walking interview material is a part of a larger research project on the ICT experiences of women 60+ in the Austrian province of Styria. The advantages and challenges of conducting walking interviews in the homes of interviewees are identified and explored. As this case study demonstrates, walking interviews in homes give the researcher a glimpse into the private areas of everyday life, let the interviewees lead the researcher through the space, allow the participants to conduct the conversation, and thus invite a reflection on the power dynamics inherent in the interview situation. This method also compares the statements provided by participants in semi-structured interviews with the information gathered through an encounter with media and ICTs in the home. These comparisons yield a variety of insights on prior statements through the addition of emphases, “contradictions,” or minimizing the importance of previous interview statements. Moreover, interactions with the objects in the home that are encountered during the walking interview also provide important “prompts” to stimulate a detailed and multifaceted discussion of everyday life experiences with ICTs and other media.

  1. Increasing antiplaque/antigingivitis efficacy of an essential oil mouthrinse over time: an in vivo study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charles, Christine A; McGuire, J A; Qaqish, James; Amini, Pejmon

    2013-01-01

    This randomized, observer-blind, parallel, controlled study determined the efficacy of an essential oils-containing (EO) antiseptic mouthrinse (in conjunction with toothbrushing) in reducing and/or controlling existing plaque or gingivitis over 6 months. Toothbrushing, combined with placebo rinsing, served as the control (C). Following ethics board approval (Biosci Research Canada, Ltd. Institutional Review Board), 139 healthy adults with mild to moderate plaque and gingivitis were randomized into EO or C groups. All subjects received oral/written instructions, monthly monitoring, and assigned unsupervised rinses. Efficacy variables were whole-mouth mean modified gingival index (MGI), Turesky modification of the Quigley Hein plaque index (PI), bleeding index (BI) at 6, 12, and 24 weeks, and data analysis through an analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) model. The EO group provided greater and increasing MGI, PI, and BI reductions than did C group over all examination periods. Compared to the C group, at 6, 12, and 24 weeks, MGI reductions for the EO group were 4.7%, 9.1%, and 20.4%, and PI reductions were 7.6%, 12.6%, and 26.3%, respectively. BI scores decreased over time and were significant compared to those for the C group (P antiseptic EO rinse can provide a clinically significant benefit in reducing existing plaque and gingivitis.

  2. Unified theory of electron-phonon renormalization and phonon-assisted optical absorption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patrick, Christopher E; Giustino, Feliciano

    2014-09-10

    We present a theory of electronic excitation energies and optical absorption spectra which incorporates energy-level renormalization and phonon-assisted optical absorption within a unified framework. Using time-independent perturbation theory we show how the standard approaches for studying vibronic effects in molecules and those for addressing electron-phonon interactions in solids correspond to slightly different choices for the non-interacting Hamiltonian. Our present approach naturally leads to the Allen-Heine theory of temperature-dependent energy levels, the Franck-Condon principle, the Herzberg-Teller effect and to phonon-assisted optical absorption in indirect band gap materials. In addition, our theory predicts sub-gap phonon-assisted optical absorption in direct gap materials, as well as an exponential edge which we tentatively assign to the Urbach tail. We also consider a semiclassical approach to the calculation of optical absorption spectra which simultaneously captures energy-level renormalization and phonon-assisted transitions and is especially suited to first-principles electronic structure calculations. We demonstrate this approach by calculating the phonon-assisted optical absorption spectrum of bulk silicon.

  3. Are vegans the same as vegetarians? The effect of diet on perceptions of masculinity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Margaret A

    2016-02-01

    Food and food consumption matters in interpersonal interactions. Foods consumed can affect how a person is perceived by others in terms of morality, likeability, and gender. Food consumption can be used as a strategy for gendered presentation, either in terms of what foods are consumed or in the amount of food consumed. Finally, foods themselves are associated with gender. Previous research (Browarnik, 2012; Ruby & Heine, 2011) shows inconsistent patterns in the association between vegetarianism and masculinity. The current research conceptually replicates and extends this research by including the explicit label of vegetarian. The four studies in this article provide increased information about the effects of diet on gendered perceptions. Study 1 shows that vegetarian and omnivorous targets are rated equally in terms of masculinity. Study 2 shows that perceptions of vegetarians and vegans are similar, though comparing this research with past research indicates that perceptions of vegetarians are more variable. Study 3 shows that veganism leads perceptions of decreased masculinity relative to omnivores. Finally, Study 4 tests one possible mechanism for the results of Study 3, that it is the choice to be vegan that impacts perceptions of gender. Implications include increased knowledge about how meatless diets can affect the perceptions of gender in others. Multiple directions for future research are discussed.

  4. Lähme, naised / Tiina Kuuler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuuler, Tiina, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Muusikasündmustest: ansambli Metsatöll heliplaadi "Iivakivi" esitluskontsertidest 7. märtsil Tallinnas klubis Hollywood ja 8. märtsil Tartu Sadamateatris, Ultima Thule sünnipäevakontserdist 7. märtsil Tallinnas Rock Cafés, Jäääär 8. märtsil Rock Cafés, Koit Toome ja Uku Suviste 12. märtsil Pärnu kontserdimajas, Kuninglik kvintett 8. märtsil Kiviõli rahvamajas, "Naerata nüüd jälle sa" (Maarja-Liis Ilus, Alen Veziko, Margus Vaher, Andre Hein, Raimondo Laikre) 9. märtsil Vanemuise kontserdimajas, "Kaunimad... su elus" (ansambel Kaunimate Aastate Vennaskond) 7. märtsil Jõhvi kontserdimajas, 8. märtsil Vanemuise kontserdimajas ja 9. märtsil Pärnu kontserdimajas, Tarmo ja Toomas Urb 8. märtsil Viljandi kultuurimajas, Koit Toome 7. märtsil Tartu Jaani kirikus, Noorkuu naistepäevakontsert 8. märtsil Rakvere spordihallis, Eesti heliloojate armastuslaulud ETV tütarlastekoori esituses 8. märtsil Jõhvi kontserdimajas, Brides in Bloom + DJ Kahurid 8. märtsil Tallinnas klubis Woodstock, Richard Clayderman 11. märtsil Estonia kontserdisaalis

  5. Identification of targets and new developments in the treatment of multiple sclerosis – focus on cladribine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clemens Warnke

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Clemens Warnke1, Heinz Wiendl2, Hans-Peter Hartung1, Olaf Stüve3, Bernd C Kieseier11Department of Neurology, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf, Germany; 2Department of Neurology – Inflammatory Disorders of the Nervous System and Neurooncology, University of Münster, Germany; 3Department of Neurology, Dallas VA Medical Center and UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, USAAbstract: Orally available disease-modifying drugs for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS represent an unmet need for this chronic and debilitating disease. Among 5 currently investigated drugs at phase 3 clinical stage, promising efficacy data for fingolimod and oral cladribine have recently been published. However, benefits need to be weighed against the risks to define the role of these compounds within current treatment regimens. In this review, data on the efficacy of a promising compound, oral cladribine, are discussed and balanced with known and anticipated risks in a postmarketing era, and finally gives an outlook on the potential place of this drug in treatment algorithms for MS in the future.Keywords: immunosuppressant, oral drugs, risk–benefit, safety

  6. Preparation of total flavonoids from loquat flower and its protective effect on acute alcohol-induced liver injury in mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shao-Kang Wu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to research the preparation techniques of total flavones from loquat flower (TFLF, its anti-oxidation capacity, and its protective effect on hepatic injury. The best extraction parameters by orthogonal experimentation were water at 100°C, extraction time 2.5 hours, solid/liquid ratio 1:20, and three decoctions. The chromogenic reaction to the flavones showed that loquat flowers mainly contained flavone, flavonol, and flavanone compounds combining ortho-phenolic hydroxyl group structure in the 10–30% ethanol fraction. The anti-oxidant capacity of O2−· was 26.09% and of OH−·was 83.01% by salicylic acid and pyrogallol auto-oxidation. Compared with the model group, TFLF lowered the levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, triglyceride, and malondialdehyde and liver index significantly, and upregulated the expression of adipose triglyceride lipase and Heine oxygenase-1 mRNA. The present findings suggest that TFLF has protective effect on acute alcoholinduced liver injury in mice and may be related to its antioxidant and free-radical scavenging activity.

  7. The effectiveness of a musical toothbrush for dental plaque removal: A comparative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Ganesh

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: the purpose of this study was to clinically evaluate and compare the efficacy of "Brush Buddies" musical tooth brush and Colgate Smile tooth brush in the reduction of established plaque and gingivitis. Materials and Methods: for this study, 120 healthy kids (73 boys and 47 Girls were selected. The subjects were randomly assigned into two groups by a second examiner; one group used Colgate Smile brush and the other group used "Brush Buddies" musical tooth brush. Plaque index (Quigley and Hein, Modified Gingival Index (Lobene and Associates and Gingival Bleeding Index (Ainamo and Bay were assessed at baseline, 30th day, 60th day, and 90th day. Results: all the baseline indices appeared to be well balanced. At the end of the study, reduction in plaque index, modified gingival index and gingival bleeding index were statistically highly significant during each interval for both the toothbrushes. For "Brush Buddies" musical tooth brush, the reduction in all clinical parameters were statistically significant for 30 days and 60 days interval, while nonsignificant at 90 days interval. Interpretation and Conclusion: both the tooth brushes used in this study were clinically effective in removing plaque, improving gingival health. Musical tooth brush is more effective initially but as the time period increases both tooth brushes give almost similar results.

  8. Corpus-based Study on Complementizer Usage of Shuo in Written

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢正阳

    2014-01-01

    Saying verb is one of the most highly frequent used words in all languages across the world, and during the course of its long-time usage many complex grammatical usages derived from its original meaning of saying.With-in that complex domain of usages, the complementizer usage is an essential part of the whole picture of grammaticalization of saying verbs. In actuality, in some languages saying verbs have become one of the main resources for the occurrence of complementizers (Heine 1991), and in Chinese there also exists that phenomenon.According to Fang(2003), in Peking mandarin once the seri-al verb construction“speech act verbs+ shuo”is forged, the semantic mean-ing of shuo begins to decay thus producing the possibility that shuo can be reinterpreted as special linking word ushering in content of speech.Similarly, Wang, Y-F., Katz, A. and Chen, C-H (2003), based on their study of gram-maticalization of shuo in Taiwan mandarin, proposed that grammaticalizationof the verb shuo into a complementizer evidently begins when the general saying verbshuois used to reinforce a variety of verbs of saying in the matrix clause.

  9. Evaluating the anti-plaque efficacy of meswak (Salvadora persica containing dentifrice: A triple blind controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puneet Gupta

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The growing field of alternative medicine has shown that dentifrices based on plant extracts are available in the market but there is little or no research to prove or refute the efficacy of dentifrices containing combination of herbal components. Aim: The study was conducted to evaluate the anti-plaque efficacy of a commercially available Meswak containing dentifrice compared to the conventional dentifrice using a randomized, triple blind, parallel design method. Materials and Methods: A total of 350 subjects were selected. All the subjects (aged 13-54 years were given the test dentifrices, packed in plain white color-coded tubes. The subjects were instructed to brush their teeth twice daily for 2 min with the allocated dentifrice. The total study duration was 4 weeks. Plaque scores were recorded at the baseline, 2 weeks and 4 weeks respectively, using the Turesky modification of the Quigley Hein Plaque Index. Results: The results showed that there were significant differences in the reduction of plaque by the herbal dentifrice, Meswak (Salvadora persica on intra-group and inter-group comparison. Conclusion: It was concluded that further research is required to know the dental benefits of herbal products being incorporated into the commercially available dentifrices.

  10. LOS MEDICOS POETAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Academia Nacional de Medicina

    1979-06-01

    Full Text Available

    JOSE FERNANDEZ MADRID

    Nació en Cartagena el 19 de febrero de 1789, Y murió en Londres el 28 de junio de 1830. Fue el cantor de Bolívar y los próceres, el poeta delicado de escenas hogareñas, el sentido autor de I dulces elegías amorosas. Con sus tragedias en verso Atala y Guatimocín, fue uno de los precursores de nuestro teatro. (José J. Ortega Torres, Poesía Colombiana, 1942.


    JOAQUIN GONZALEZ CAMARGO

    Nació en Sogamoso el 15 de enero de 1865. Fue médico y poeta como Ricardo Gutiérrez el argentino, como Manuel Acuña, el mejicano. El 9 de diciembre de 1886, en Zipaquirá, vió truncarse al golpe de la muerte sus veintiún años, llenos de ideales y de promesas. Dos composiciones le sobreviven como gala de nuestro parnaso: Estudiando y Viaje de la luz. Esta
    fue considerada por don Juan Valera como superior a las rimas de Bécquer y de Heine. (José J. Ortega Torres, Poesía Colombiana, 1942...

  11. Breaking the sound barrier: oral health education for children with hearing impairment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shetty, Vabitha; Kumar, Jithendra; Hegde, Amitha

    2014-01-01

    In our study, a visual oral health education (OHE) program was specially designed for children with hearing impairment. Its efficacy in improving their oral health status was evaluated after periods of reinforcement and nonreinforcement. One hundred and ten institutionalized children with moderate-to-severe hearing impairment aged 6-14 years were selected for the study. Oral health status was evaluated at the start of the study (pre-OHE level) using the Modified Gingival Index (MGI) and the Turesky-Gilmore-Glickman modification of the Quigley Hein Plaque Index (MQPI). Salivary Streptococcus mutans levels of the children were also evaluated. Brushing skills were assessed using the Simmons index at the start of the study. Significant decreases were observed in the mean values of both the MGI and MQPI from the baseline up to the values obtained at the end of both periods of reinforcement and nonreinforcement. Significant reduction in S. mutans counts was observed, from Pre-OHE levels up to the levels at the end of the period of nonreinforcement. Brushing skills of children improved significantly at the end of study, notably in areas where brushing was previously deemed unsatisfactory. The OHE program specially formulated for the hearing impaired children was effective in improving their oral health status significantly.

  12. Comparative evaluation of honey, chlorhexidine gluconate (0.2% and combination of xylitol and chlorhexidine mouthwash (0.2% on the clinical level of dental plaque: A 30 days randomized control trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ankita Jain

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To compare the effect of honey, chlorhexidine mouthwash and combination of xylitol chewing gum and chlorhexidine mouthwash on the dental plaque level. Materials and Methods: Ninety healthy dental students, both male and female, aged between 21 to 25 years participated in the study. The subjects were randomly divided into three groups, i.e. the honey group, the chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash group and the combination of xylitol chewing gum and chlorhexidine (CHX mouthwash group. The data was collected at the baseline, 15 th day and 30 th day; the plaque was disclosed using disclosing solution and their scores were recorded at six sites per tooth using the Quigley and Hein plaque index modified by Turesky-Gilmore-Glickman. Statistical analysis was carried out later to compare the effect of all the three groups. P ≤ 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Our result showed that all the three groups were effective in reducing the plaque but post-hoc LSD (Least Significant Difference showed that honey group and chlorhexidine + xylitol group were more effective than chlorhexidine group alone. The results demonstrated a significant reduction of plaque indices in honey group and chlorhexidine + xylitol group over a period of 15 and 30 days as compared to chlorhexidine.

  13. Zero-point motion effect on the bandgap of diamond: validation of codes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poncé, Samuel; Antonius, Gabriel; Boulanger, Paul; Cannuccia, Elena; Marini, Andrea; Côté, Michel; Gonze, Xavier

    2014-03-01

    Verification and validation of codes, as well as new theoretical methods, are of utmost importance if one wants to provide reliable results. In this work we present a rigorous and careful study of all the quantities that enters into the calculation of the zero point motion renormalization of the direct band gap of diamond due to electron-phonon coupling. This study has been done within the Allen-Heine-Cardona (AHC) formalism as implemented into Abinit and Yambo on top of Quantum Espresso. We aim at quantifying the agreement between the codes for the different quantities of interest. This study shows that one can get less than 10-5 Ha / at differences on the total energy, 0.07 cm-1 on the phonon frequencies, 0.5% on the electron-phonon matrix elements and less than 4 meV on the zero-point motion renormalization. At the LDA level, the converged direct bandgap renormalization in diamond due to electron-phonon coupling in the AHC formalism is -409 meV (reduction of the band gap). This work was supported by the FRS-FNRS through a FRIA grant (S.P.). A. M. acknowledges funding by MIUR FIRB Grant No. RBFR12SW0J.

  14. Lühileksikon / Ants Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oras, Ants

    2007-01-01

    Sisu: William Shakespeareþi sonetid (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1934, nr. 10, lk. 1142-1143, pealkirjaga "Järelmärkus") ; Alexander Popeì "Lokirööv" (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1934, nr. 5, lk. 481-483, pealkirjaga "Järelmärkus") ; Robert Burns (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1939, nr. 7, lk. 756, pealkirjaga "Märkus") ; Lord Byroni "Don Juan" (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1934, nr. 5, lk. 481-483, pealkirjaga: "Sissejuhatav märge") ; John Keatsi luule (ilmunud ka: Looming 1936, nr. 10, lk. 1162, pealkirjaga "Järelmärkus") ; Aleksandr Pushkini looduslüürika (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1934, nr. 1, lk. 68-70, pealkirjaga "Järelmärge") ; Heinrich Heine (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1933, nr. 5, lk. 515-516, pealkirjaga "Saateks") ; Leconte de Lisleì luule (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1939, nr. 8, lk. 869-870, pealkirjaga "Järelmärkus") ; Algernon Swinburne (ilmunud ka: Looming, 191937, nr. 1, lk. 40, pealkirjaga "Järelmärkus") ; Robert Bridges (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1930, nr. 3, lk. 379, pealkirjaga "Inglise poet laureate surnud" (lüh.)) ; Rudyard Kipling (ilmunud ka: Kunst ja Kirjandus, 5. jaanuar 1936, nr. 1, lk. 4, autorinimeta, pealkirjaga "Rudyard Kipling 70-a." ; Robert Frosti luule (ilmunud ka: Tulimuld, 1954, nr. 4, lk. 227-229, 233) ; Vachel Lindsay (ilmunud ka: Looming, 1930, nr. 3, lk. 319-320, pealkirjata)

  15. Detection of melanoma from dermoscopic images of naevi acquired under uncontrolled conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tenenhaus, Arthur; Nkengne, Alex; Horn, Jean-François; Serruys, Camille; Giron, Alain; Fertil, Bernard

    2010-02-01

    Several systems for the diagnosis of melanoma from images of naevi obtained under controlled conditions have demonstrated comparable efficiency with dermatologists. However, their robustness to analyze daily routine images was sometimes questionable. The purpose of this work is to investigate to what extent the automatic melanoma diagnosis may be achieved from the analysis of uncontrolled images of pigmented skin lesions. Images were acquired during regular practice by two dermatologists using Reflex 24 x 36 cameras combined with Heine Delta 10 dermascopes. The images were then digitalized using a scanner. In addition, five senior dermatologists were asked to give the diagnosis and therapeutic decision (exeresis) for 227 images of naevi, together with an opinion about the existence of malignancy-predictive features. Meanwhile, a learning by sample classifier for the diagnosis of melanoma was constructed, which combines image-processing with machine-learning techniques. After an automatic segmentation, geometric and colorimetric parameters were extracted from images and selected according to their efficiency in predicting malignancy features. A diagnosis was subsequently provided based on selected parameters. An extensive comparison of dermatologists' and computer results was subsequently performed. The KL-PLS-based classifier shows comparable performances with respect to dermatologists (sensitivity: 95% and specificity: 60%). The algorithm provides an original insight into the clinical knowledge of pigmented skin lesions.

  16. Direct Electrochemistry of Horseradish Peroxidase Embedded in Nano-Fe304 Matrix on Paraffin Impregnated Graphite Electrode and Its Electrochemical Catalysis for H2O2

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚静鸣; 林祥钦

    2003-01-01

    Fe3O4 particles coated with acrylic copolymer (ACP) of about 5--8 nm in diameter were synthesized and used for immobilization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Direct electrochemistry of HRP embedded in the nanosized Fe304 solid matrix modified paraffin impregnated graphite electrode (PIGE) was achieved,which is related to the heine Fe(Ⅲ)/Fe(Ⅱ) conversion of HRP. Cyclic voltammetry gave a pair of reproducible and welldefined redox peaks at about Ea of -0.295 V vs. SCE. The standard rate constant k, was determined as 2.7 s-1. It demonstrated that the nano-Fe3O4 solid matrix offers a friendly platform to assemble the HRP protein molecules and enhance the electron transfer rate between the HRP and the electrode. UV-Vis absorption spectra and WrIR spectra studies revealed that the embedded HRP retained its native-like structure. The HRP/Fe3O4/PIGE showed a strong catalytic activity toward H2O2. The voltammetric response was a linear function of H2O2 concentration in the range of 10-140μmol/L with detection limit of 7.3 μmol/L (s/n = 3 ). The apparent Michaelis-Menten constant is calculated to be 0.42 mmol/L.

  17. Illumination frame of reference in the object-reviewing paradigm: A case of luminance and lightness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedler, Anja; Moore, Cathleen M

    2015-12-01

    The present study combines the object-reviewing paradigm (Kahneman, Treisman, & Gibbs, 1992) with the checkershadow illusion (Adelson, 1995) to contrast the effects of objects' luminance versus lightness on the object-specific preview benefit. To this end, we manipulated objects' luminance and the amount of illumination given by an informative background scene in experiments. In line with previous studies (Moore, Stephens, & Hein, 2010), there was no object-specific preview benefit when objects were presented on a uniformly colored background and luminance switched between objects. In contrast, when objects were presented on the checkershadow illusion background which provided an explanation for the luminance switch, a reliable object-specific preview benefit was observed. This suggests that object correspondence as measured by the object-reviewing paradigm can be influenced by scene-induced, perceived lightness of objects' surfaces. We replicated this finding and moreover showed that the scene context only influences the object-specific preview benefit if the objects are perceived as part of the background scene.

  18. SIFAT KOMPAK DALAM RUANG HAUSDORFF

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    LUH PUTU IDA HARINI

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The inspiration of the definition of “compactness” comes from the real number system.Closed and bounded sets in the real line were considered as an excellent model to show ageneralized version of the compactness in a topological space. Since boundedness is an elusiveconcept in general topo-logical space, then the compact properties are analysed to look at someproperties of sets that do not use boundedness. Some of the classical results of this nature areBolzano -Weierstrass theorem, whe-re every infinite subset of [a,b] has accumulation point andHeine-Borel theorem, where every closed and bounded interval [a,b] is compact. Each of theseproperties and some others are used to define a generalized version of compactness. Hausdorffspace has compact properties if every compact subset in Hausdorff space is closed and everyinfinite Hausdorff space has infinite sequence of non empty and disjoint open sets. Because thecompact properties in the Hausdorff space are satisfied many the-orems in real line could beexpanded. Therefore, these theorems ccould be used in Hausdorff space.

  19. The effect of multidisciplinary team care on cancer management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdulrahman, Ganiy Opeyemi

    2011-01-01

    Over the past 15 years, the multidisciplinary team management of many medical conditions especially cancers has increasingly taken a prominent role in patient management in many hospitals and medical centres in the developed countries. In the United Kingdom, it began to gain prominence following the Calman-Heine report in 1995 which suggested that each Cancer Unit in a hospital should have in place arrangements for non-surgical oncological input into services, with a role for a non-surgical oncologist. The report further suggested that a lead clinician with a well established interest in cancer care should be appointed to organise and coordinate the whole range of cancer services provided within the Cancer Unit. Many people have argued that the multidisciplinary team management of patients has resulted in better care and improved survival. However, there are barriers to the optimal effectiveness of the multidisciplinary team. This paper aims to review various studies on the effectiveness of the multidisciplinary team in the management of cancer patients and also discuss some of the barriers to the multidisciplinary team.

  20. Protective effect of heme oxygenase-1 on lung injury induced by erythrocyte instillation in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PANG Qing-feng; ZHOU Qiao-mei; ZENG Si; DOU Li-dong; JI Yong; ZENG Yin-ming

    2008-01-01

    Background Intratracheal instillation of blood induces self-repaired acute lung injury.However,the mechanism of repair has been unclear.Heme-oxygenase (HO)-1,which catalyzes heine breakdown,acts as an inducible defense against oxidative stress and plays an important role in inflammation.The objective of this study was to test the role of HO-1 in lung injury caused by intratracheal instillation of red cells.Methods Forty healthy,male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into five groups:normal group,saline group,erythrocyte group,erythrocyte+zinc-protoporphyrin (ZnPP,HO-1 inhibitor) group and saline+ZnPP group.At 2 days after intratracheal instillation of red cells,lung tissues and lavage samples were isolated for biochemical determinations and histological measurements.Results Histological analysis revealed that administration of ZnPP worsened the acute lung injury induced by instilled erythrocytes.HO-1 was over-expressed in the erythrocyte group and in the erythrocyte+ZnPP group.Compared with the erythrocyte+ZnPP group,the levels of total protein,lactate dehydrogenase and tumor necrosis factor-α in the lavage were lower (P<0.01),while the level of interleukin-10 was higher in the erythrocyte group (P<0.01).Conclusion HO-1 protects against erythrocyte-induced inflammatory injury in lung.

  1. Lähme, naised / Tiina Kuuler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuuler, Tiina, 1969-

    2008-01-01

    Muusikasündmustest: ansambli Metsatöll heliplaadi "Iivakivi" esitluskontsertidest 7. märtsil Tallinnas klubis Hollywood ja 8. märtsil Tartu Sadamateatris, Ultima Thule sünnipäevakontserdist 7. märtsil Tallinnas Rock Cafés, Jäääär 8. märtsil Rock Cafés, Koit Toome ja Uku Suviste 12. märtsil Pärnu kontserdimajas, Kuninglik kvintett 8. märtsil Kiviõli rahvamajas, "Naerata nüüd jälle sa" (Maarja-Liis Ilus, Alen Veziko, Margus Vaher, Andre Hein, Raimondo Laikre) 9. märtsil Vanemuise kontserdimajas, "Kaunimad... su elus" (ansambel Kaunimate Aastate Vennaskond) 7. märtsil Jõhvi kontserdimajas, 8. märtsil Vanemuise kontserdimajas ja 9. märtsil Pärnu kontserdimajas, Tarmo ja Toomas Urb 8. märtsil Viljandi kultuurimajas, Koit Toome 7. märtsil Tartu Jaani kirikus, Noorkuu naistepäevakontsert 8. märtsil Rakvere spordihallis, Eesti heliloojate armastuslaulud ETV tütarlastekoori esituses 8. märtsil Jõhvi kontserdimajas, Brides in Bloom + DJ Kahurid 8. märtsil Tallinnas klubis Woodstock, Richard Clayderman 11. märtsil Estonia kontserdisaalis

  2. Clinical dermatoscopy of big melanocytic naevuses in patients with psoriasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makarova N.G.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available

    The study aimed to determine clinical characteristics of dermatoscopy of big melanocytic naevuses (MN in patients with psoriasis. Methods. The were 32 patients with psoriasis (11 women at an average age of 37,4 years and 100 people (79 women at an average age of 27,8 years with no psoriasis. Both groups had a survey and full photometry screening of skin. Besides Fitzpatrick skin typing test was used, pigmentary formations were examined using dermato-scope HEINE MINI 3000 10X with 70 % ethyl alcohol immersion. Naevuses were estimated by ABCD and ABC scales. Results. MN more than 5 mm in diameter are more often in patients with psoriasis (68,8 % than in control group (37 %. However in control group there are less naevuses of appropriate dermatological dysplastic formations criteria (32 % comparison to the group without psoriasis (42 %. There is an important fact that patients with psoriasis often have 2-phototype of skin and artifcial insolation (tanning bed, PUVA, narrow-band phototherapy 311 nm. Conclusion. 68,8 % patients have MN more than 5 mm in diameter. 32 % of patients with psoriasis had MN of dysplastic naevus criteria according to Pehamberger. In one patient naevus was of appropriate malignant tumors criteria according to ABCD and ABC scales.

  3. [History of artificial limbs for the leg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wetz, H H; Gisbertz, D

    2000-12-01

    Following the development of prosthetics for the lower limb since the middle of the 18th century one will find very interesting similarities to modern prostheses. This becomes evident when looking at former knee and ankle joint mechanisms or socket designs. Also, the materials used for the prostheses underwent very interesting variations. In our paper we will describe the development of socket designs and several materials from the beginning of the 19th century. Several still obtainable books dealing with 200 years of prosthetics development, were reviewed. Charles White describes in the year 1761 a supramalleolar amputation using the flap technique and the specially built BK prostheses the socket. V. Brünninghausen describes in 1809 a socket made of tin sheet. It was built oval, as the normal transverse section of the thigh is. Stump adhesion was obtained when a shortly trimmed dog fur--panelling the socket and covering the stump--was attached like brushes end on end. A similar fitting was described by Heine in 1811, v. Dornblüth in 1831, and Mrs. Eichler in 1836. Hermann first mentioned the need of a perpendicular construction of prostheses. Parmelee developed in 1868 the first suction socket. The first tuber-enclosing socketdesign was made by Riedel in 1911. We will show documents from this time and will also show, that muscle-physiological aspects had a very important influence on socket designs.

  4. TURISMO EN LA ERA DE LA GLOBALIZACIÓN: IMPLICACIONES DE EQUIDAD PARA LA SOCIEDAD Y EL AMBIENTE INTERNACIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Fürst

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Es bastante sorprendente que para un sector económico tan dinámico como el turismo no existan análisis comprensivos y realmente serios, sobre su impacto en el desarrollo sostenible en el ámbito internacional. Sin duda alguna, hay una discusión amplia sobre problemas de transporte y viaje, particularmente de viajes aéreos para fines turísticos, con relación al efecto de calentamiento atmosférico (“greenhouse effect”.1 Así mismo, recientemente se han llevado a cabo una serie de estudios sobre el impacto local (positivo y negativo del turismo en la economía, la vida sociocultural, el ambiente, etc. (ver las diferentes contribuciones en Hein 1997. Sin embargo, en el nivel de una estrategia internacional se pueden encontrar mayormente sobre-generalizaciones inaceptables de tales estudios de impacto, las cuales condenan (como ONGs más radicales o elogian el turismo (como algunos escritos sobre eco-turismo, pero con razonamientos igualemente poco diferenciados y mayormente superficiales.

  5. Temperature Dependence of the Energy Levels of Methylammonium Lead Iodide Perovskite from First-Principles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saidi, Wissam A; Poncé, Samuel; Monserrat, Bartomeu

    2016-12-15

    Environmental effects and intrinsic energy-loss processes lead to fluctuations in the operational temperature of solar cells, which can profoundly influence their power conversion efficiency. Here we determine from first-principles the effects of temperature on the band gap and band edges of the hybrid pervoskite CH3NH3PbI3 by accounting for electron-phonon coupling and thermal expansion. From 290 to 380 K, the computed band gap change of 40 meV coincides with the experimental change of 30-40 meV. The calculation of electron-phonon coupling in CH3NH3PbI3 is particularly intricate as the commonly used Allen-Heine-Cardona theory overestimates the band gap change with temperature, and excellent agreement with experiment is only obtained when including high-order terms in the electron-phonon interaction. We also find that spin-orbit coupling enhances the electron-phonon coupling strength but that the inclusion of nonlocal correlations using hybrid functionals has little effect. We reach similar conclusions in the metal-halide perovskite CsPbI3. Our results unambiguously confirm for the first time the importance of high-order terms in the electron-phonon coupling by direct comparison with experiment.

  6. Plaque accumulation and Streptococcus mutans levels around self-ligating bracket clips and elastomeric modules: A randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhaval Fadia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To determine the effect of two different ligating systems that is, elastomeric modules and self-ligating (SL bracket systems (Smartclip - 3M Unitek with respect to harboring bacterial plaque in fixed orthodontic treatment. Objectives: To assess, evaluate, and compare the amount of plaque accumulation and Streptococcus mutans colonization around elastomeric ligation and SL clips in the smart clip appliance. Materials and Methods: A total of 111 orthodontic patients scheduled for fixed orthodontic treatments were selected for this split maxillary arch study. All the patients were bonded with smart-clip (3M Unitek SL brackets, and the wire was placed into the bracket slots, on the randomly selected hemi arch, elastomeric modules were placed for the study to be conducted. Microbial and periodontal plaque accumulation was recorded at 3-time intervals post ligation. Plaque index-by Silness and Loe, modified Quigely Hein index, bleeding on probing were evaluated, and biofilm was collected from the tooth surface after 30 days and placed in petri dishes containing Mitis Salivarius agar for bacterial culturing. Result: It was observed that the side where ligation was done with elastomeric modules accumulated more plaque and increase in S. mutans colony forming units as compared to the side without external ligation (P < 0.05. Conclusion: Reduced bacterial colonization and better plaque control was seen with SL orthodontic bracket appliance system as compared to conventional ligation method.

  7. The presence of Spinoza in the exchanges between Sigmund Freud and Romain Rolland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vermorel, Henri

    2009-12-01

    Although Freud recognized his profound affinity with Spinoza, we seldom find explicit and direct references to the philosopher in his works. The correspondence between Romain Rolland, the 'Christian without a church', and Freud, the 'atheist Jew', is full of Spinozian reminiscences that nourish their works of this period and are underpinned by their mutual transference. The Future of an Illusion is written according to a Spinozian blueprint and aims at replacing religion, qualified as superstition, by psychoanalysis. A quotation from Heine, 'brother in unbelief', is a direct reference to Spinoza. Concurring with Freud's critiques of dogmas and churches, Rolland proposes an analysis of the 'oceanic feeling' as a basis of the religious sentiment. Freud replies with Civilization and Its Discontents. In 1936, on the occasion of Rolland's 70th birthday, Freud sends him an open letter, A disturbance of memory on the Acropolis, where the strange feeling that he has experienced in front of the Parthenon refers inter alia to his double culture: Jewish and German. In the light of this correspondence, the creation of psychoanalysis turns out to be a quest for the sacred that has disappeared in modernity; Freud, though, was able to find it inside man's unconscious.

  8. Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced anemia: comparisons from real-world clinical experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodriguez Garzotto A

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Analia Rodriguez Garzotto,1 Oliver Heine,2 Matthew Turner,3 Francisco Rebollo Laserna,4 Andreas Lorenz5 1Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Ctra Andalucía, Madrid, Spain; 2Zentralklinikum Suhl, Suhl, 3Sandoz International GmbH, Holzkirchen, Germany; 4Sandoz Farmaceutica SA, Madrid, Spain; 5Frauenarztpraxis, Hildburghausen, GermanyBackground: The purpose of this paper is to report real-world data on the relative effectiveness of a biosimilar erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA; Binocrit®, and other available ESAs for the treatment of chemotherapy-induced anemia.Methods: Data were collected retrospectively from single centers in Spain (n=284 and Germany (n=145. Hemoglobin outcomes, transfusion requirements, and serious drug-related adverse events were assessed for each ESA.Results: Hemoglobin outcomes and transfusion requirements were generally similar in the different ESA treatment groups assessed. No serious drug-related adverse events were recorded in any of the treatment groups.Conclusion: These data confirm the real-world effectiveness and safety of a biosimilar ESA (Binocrit® for the treatment of cancer patients with chemotherapy-induced anemia.Keywords: erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, chemotherapy-induced anemia, biosimilar

  9. Dynamical and anharmonic effects on the electron-phonon coupling and the zero-point renormalization of the band structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonius, Gabriel; Poncé, Samuel; Lantagne-Hurtubise, Étienne; Auclair, Gabriel; Côté, Michel; Gonze, Xavier

    2015-03-01

    The electron-phonon coupling in solids renormalizes the band structure, reducing the band gap by several tenths of an eV in light-atoms semiconductors. Using the Allen-Heine-Cardona theory (AHC), we compute the zero-point renormalization (ZPR) as well as the quasiparticle lifetimes of the full band structure in diamond, BN, LiF and MgO. We show how dynamical effects can be included in the AHC theory, and still allow for the use of a Sternheimer equation to avoid the summation over unoccupied bands. The convergence properties of the electron-phonon coupling self-energy with respect to the Brillouin zone sampling prove to be strongly affected by dynamical effects. We complement our study with a frozen-phonon approach, which reproduces the static AHC theory, but also allows to probe the phonon wavefunctions at finite displacements and include anharmonic effects in the self-energy. We show that these high-order components tend to reduce the strongest electron-phonon coupling elements, which affects significantly the band gap ZPR.

  10. Plaatsen van beschaafd vertier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Kennedy

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Plaatsen van beschaafd vertier [Places of civilised amusement] by Jan Hein Furnée, which appeared as a PhD thesis in 2007 and was adapted and extended into a book in 2012, is regarded by historians of the Low Countries as an impressive tour de force. In a stimulating manner Furnée demonstrates with this profound urban history that for the elite of The Hague leisure activities played an important role in acquiring status and maintaining their position. His study is based on extensive and systematic research into a great variety of sources, from census registers, membership lists of clubs and societies to address books. This gives the reader an extraordinarily detailed picture of the changing social relations in the upper echelons of society in The Hague in the latter half of the nineteenth century. The sophisticated use of both qualitative and quantitative methods can serve as a model for other historians in the field of urban history. In a lively fashion Furnée shows that the inhabitants of The Hague grasped at all kinds of pastimes in order to distinguish themselves from others, and when possible to increase their own status through their participation in elegant societies, theatre visits or supporting the proposed zoo: but the book also makes statements about status and class, the history of gender and of politics at the end of the nineteenth century. Plaatsen van beschaafd vertier van Jan Hein Furnée dat in 2007 als proefschrift en in 2012 bewerkt en uitgebreid als boek verscheen, staat onder historici van de Lage Landen bekend als een imponerende tour de force. Op prikkelende wijze laat Furnée in deze diepgravende stadsgeschiedenis zien dat vrijetijdsbesteding voor Haagse elites een belangrijke rol speelde in standsvorming en handhaving van hun positie. Zijn studie is gebaseerd op uitgebreid en systematisch onderzoek van veelsoortige bronnen, van volkstellingsregisters, ledenlijsten van verenigingen en sociëteiten tot adresboeken

  11. Fatores Relacionados ao Nível de Divulgação de Ativos Intangíveis após a Adoção das IFRS por Empresas do IGC da BM&FBOVESPA = Factors related to the level of disclosure of intangible assets after the adoption of IFRS for companies from IGC of BM&FBovespa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Carlos Klann

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo consiste em verificar os fatores que influenciam o nível de divulgação de informações sobre ativos intangíveis nas empresas listadas no Índice de Governança Corporativa (IGC da BM&FBovespa, no período após adoção das International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS. Para tal, delineou-se a pesquisa como sendo descritiva, documental e quantitativa. A amostra é composta das 125 empresas não financeiras que compõem o IGC da BM&FBovespa. A análise inicialmente pautou-se nas Notas Explicativas e nos Relatórios de Administração divulgados no ano de 2011, a fim de classificar as informações evidenciadas sobre os ativos intangíveis, por meio de check listelaborado a partir das informações contidas no Pronunciamento Técnico CPC 04 R1 (2010. Para as observações dos itens a serem divulgados, indicados no check list, foi atribuída uma pontuação adaptada de Boff, Beuren e Hein (2009. Para a análise dos dados efetuou-se uma Regressão Linear Múltipla, relacionando-se o fator tamanho, idade, classificação dos setores de atuação, governança corporativa, concentração de capital, emissão de ADR e alavancagem, com a divulgação das informações sobre ativo intangíveis, a fim de alcançar o objetivo da pesquisa. Os resultados apontam que dos fatores analisados apenas as variáveis referentes ao nível de governança corporativa, percentual de ações ordinárias e a classificação setorial das empresas possuem uma relação significativa com o nível de evidenciação de ativos intangíveis das listadas no IGC. The objective of this study is to identify factors that influence the level of disclosure of information about intangible assets in companies listed at the BM&FBovespa IGC in the period after the adoption of IFRS. For this research, descriptive document and quantitative were outlined. The sample is comprised of 125 nonfinancial companies that make up the Corporate Governance Index (IGC of

  12. 3-D ore body modeling and structural settings of syn-to late orogenic Variscan hydrothermal mineralization, Siegerland district, Rhenish Massif, NW Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Meike; Hellmann, André; Meyer, Franz Michael

    2013-04-01

    The Siegerland district is located in the fold-and thrust-belt of the Rhenish Massif and hosts diverse syn-to late orogenic mineralization styles. Peak-metamorphism and deformation occurred at 312-316±10 Ma (Ahrendt et al., 1978) at temperature-pressure conditions of 280-320°C and 0.7-1.4 kbar (Hein, 1993). In addition to syn-orogenic siderite-quartz mineralization at least four different syn-to late orogenic mineralization stages are identified comprising Co-Ni-Cu-Au, Pb-Zn-Cu, Sb-Au, and hematite-digenite-bornite ores (Hellmann et al., 2012). The earliest type of syn-orogenic ore mineralization is formed by siderite-quartz veins, trending N-S, E-W and NE-SW. The vein systems are closely related to fold and reverse fault geometries (Hellmann et al., 2012). The most important structural feature is the first-order Siegen main reverse fault showing an offset into three major faults (Peters et al., 2012). The structural control on ore formation is demonstrated by the Co-Ni-Cu-Au mineralization generally hosted by NE-ENE trending reverse faults and associated imbrication zones that have reactivated the older siderite-quartz veins. In this study, we developed a 3-D model of the Alte Buntekuh ore bodies in the Siegerland district, using Datamine Studio3 to investigate the structural setting of Co-Ni-Cu-Au mineralization. The salient structural and spatial data for the 3-D model were taken from old mine level plans as well as from geological and topographical maps. The ore bodies are located immediately in the hanging wall of the southern branch of the Siegen main reverse fault (Peters et al., 2012). From the model it becomes obvious, that the earlier siderite-quartz veins, dipping steeply to the NW, are cross-cut and segmented by oppositely dipping oblique reverse faults. Individual ore body segments are rotated and displaced, showing a plunge direction to the SW. The 3-D model further reveals the presence of hook-like, folded vein arrays, highly enriched in cobalt

  13. Antibacterial and antiplaque efficacy of a commercially available octenidine-containing mouthrinse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welk, Alexander; Zahedani, Maral; Beyer, Carolin; Kramer, Axel; Müller, Gerald

    2016-09-01

    The purpose of this clinical study was to determine the antibacterial and antiplaque efficacy of a recently introduced octenidine-containing mouthrinse (Octenidol®) in comparison with established antiseptic mouthrinses. In a 4-day plaque-regrowth study employing a four-replicate cross-over design, a 0.1 % octenidine mouthrinse (Octenidol®/OCT-MR) was compared with a 0.12 % chlorhexidine mouthrinse (Paroex®/CHX-MR), an essential oil mouthrinse (Listerine®/EO-MR), and a placebo mouthrinse/P-MR. Plaque regrowth was assessed with a modified Quigley-Hein plaque index. The antibacterial effect was assessed by taking bacterial counts from the tooth surface and oral mucosa after professional tooth cleaning and after first rinsing with the allocated mouthrinse on days 1 and 5. Sixteen volunteers suspended tooth cleaning and rinsed twice daily with the allocated mouthrinse for 4 days. All tested antiseptic mouthrinses were significantly more effective than the placebo mouthrinse in inhibiting plaque, but no significant differences were observed between OCT-MR and CHX-MR, OCT-MR and EO-MR, and CHX-MR and EO-MR. After 4 days, comparable bacterial count levels were found on both the tooth surface and mucosa applying OCT-MR and CHX-MR, which were significantly lower than that of EO-MR and P-MR. Octenidol® and Paroex® showed comparable antibacterial and antiplaque efficacy in the human oral cavity. The recently introduced octenidine-containing mouthrinse Octenidol® may become a suitable alternative to 0.12 % chlorhexidine-containing mouthrinses such as Paroex®.

  14. Medicinal plants used to treat TB in Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguta, Joseph Mwanzia; Appiah-Opong, Regina; Nyarko, Alexander K; Yeboah-Manu, Dorothy; Addo, Phyllis G A

    2015-06-01

    The current study was designed to document medicinal plant species that are traditionally used to treat tuberculosis (TB) by Ghanaian communities. The medicinal plants used against TB or its signs and symptoms were selected using library and online published data searches. A guided questionnaire interview was also conducted with a botanist involved in plant collection at the Centre for Scientific Research into Plant Medicine (CSRPM) at Mampong. Data obtained were entered in Excel and summarized into means and frequencies using SPSS 12.0.1 for windows, and expressed as tables and bar graphs. A total of 15 medicinal plant species distributed between 13 genera and 13 families were documented. The following medicinal plant species were found to be used against TB in Greater Accra and Eastern parts of Ghana: Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Stem bark (Meliaceae), Hygrophila auriculata Heine, whole plant (Acanthaceae), Chenopodium ambrosioides L. leaves (Amaranthaceae), Coix lacryma-jobi L. glumes (Poaceae), Solanum torvum Sw. unripe fruits (Solanaceae), Solanum torvum Sw. leaves (Solanaceae), Bidens pilosa L. whole plant (Asteraceae), Phyllanthus fraternus G.L. Webster leaves (Phyllanthaceae), Dissotis rotundifolia (Sm.) Triana, leaves (Melastomataceae), Cymbopogon giganteus Chiov. Leaves (Poaceae), Cyperus articulatus L. roots (Cyperaceae), Allium sativum L. bulb (Amaryllidaceae), Zingiber officinale Roscoe, rhizomes (Zingiberaceae), Allium cepa L. bulbs (Amaryllidaceae), Allium cepa L. leaves (Amaryllidaceae), Aloe vera var. barbadensis aqueous extract from leaves (Xanthorrhoeaceae), Aloe vera var. barbadensis organic extract from leaves (Xanthorrhoeaceae), Cocos nucifera Linn, water (Arecaceae) and Cocos nucifera Linn. Husk (Arecaceae). The collected plant species could be a source of a new class of drugs against TB. Bioactivity guided fractionation is recommended to identify lead compounds for antimycobacterial activity. The current paper documents for the first time

  15. Temperature dependence of the electronic structure of semiconductors and insulators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Poncé, S., E-mail: samuel.pon@gmail.com; Gillet, Y.; Laflamme Janssen, J.; Gonze, X. [European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility and Institute of Condensed Matter and Nanosciences, Université catholique de Louvain, Chemin des étoiles 8, bte L07.03.01, B-1348 Louvain-la-neuve (Belgium); Marini, A. [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Via Salaria Km 29.3, CP 10, 00016 Monterotondo Stazione (Italy); Verstraete, M. [European Theoretical Spectroscopy Facility and Physique des matériaux et nanostructures, Université de Liège, Allée du 6 Août 17, B-4000 Liège (Belgium)

    2015-09-14

    The renormalization of electronic eigenenergies due to electron-phonon coupling (temperature dependence and zero-point motion effect) is sizable in many materials with light atoms. This effect, often neglected in ab initio calculations, can be computed using the perturbation-based Allen-Heine-Cardona theory in the adiabatic or non-adiabatic harmonic approximation. After a short description of the recent progresses in this field and a brief overview of the theory, we focus on the issue of phonon wavevector sampling convergence, until now poorly understood. Indeed, the renormalization is obtained numerically through a slowly converging q-point integration. For non-zero Born effective charges, we show that a divergence appears in the electron-phonon matrix elements at q → Γ, leading to a divergence of the adiabatic renormalization at band extrema. This problem is exacerbated by the slow convergence of Born effective charges with electronic wavevector sampling, which leaves residual Born effective charges in ab initio calculations on materials that are physically devoid of such charges. Here, we propose a solution that improves this convergence. However, for materials where Born effective charges are physically non-zero, the divergence of the renormalization indicates a breakdown of the adiabatic harmonic approximation, which we assess here by switching to the non-adiabatic harmonic approximation. Also, we study the convergence behavior of the renormalization and develop reliable extrapolation schemes to obtain the converged results. Finally, the adiabatic and non-adiabatic theories, with corrections for the slow Born effective charge convergence problem (and the associated divergence) are applied to the study of five semiconductors and insulators: α-AlN, β-AlN, BN, diamond, and silicon. For these five materials, we present the zero-point renormalization, temperature dependence, phonon-induced lifetime broadening, and the renormalized electronic band structure.

  16. 论诗歌翻译%On Translating Poetry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丹尼尔·奥尔布赖特

    2014-01-01

    Both Walter Benjamin and Ezra Pound have written brilliantly on the theory of translation; but I regard Benjamin's theory as flawed by sense that any text is defective because it is written in a finite language (instead of an imaginary pre-Babel language intelligible to everyone),and Pound's theory as flawed because it regards logopoeia (verbal aspects of texts) as basically untranslatable.I try to remap the areas of transparency and opacity in language in more translator-friendly ways.I conclude with a discussion of my own work as a translator of poems by Heinrich Heine.%本雅明和庞德在翻译理论上都有精彩论述.在我看来,本雅明认为任何文本都是由有局限的语言书写而不是由一种想象之中的人人都懂的前巴别塔语言书写,因而存在瑕疵,这未免有失偏颇;庞德的理论认为义象(即文本的言语方面)几乎是不可译的,因而也存有缺陷.在本文中,我试图以多个更加重视译者的方式重新界定语言的透明性和模糊性,并以我所翻译的海涅诗歌为例进行了分析和论证.

  17. Bacterial colonization during de novo plaque formation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramberg, Per; Sekino, Satoshi; Uzel, Naciye Guzin; Socransky, Sigmund; Lindhe, Jan

    2003-11-01

    To determine microbial changes that occur during plaque formation in a dentition free of gingival inflammation. Ten subjects were recruited. The study included one preparatory period (2 weeks) and a plaque accumulation period (4 days). The volunteers exercised proper tooth cleaning methods, were scaled and received repeated professional mechanical tooth cleaning during the preparatory period. During the plaque accumulation period, the participants abstained from plaque control measures. Plaque was scored on the approximal surfaces of maxillary and mandibular premolars on Days 0, 1, 2 and 4 using a scale from 0 to 5 and according to the criteria of the Quigley and Hein Plaque Index (QHI). Supragingival plaque samples were obtained from the same intervals and surfaces and evaluated using a checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization technique. The mean QHI increased from 0 to 1.6 (Day 4). The total number of organisms on Day 0 averaged 140 x 10(5) and increased to about 210 x 10(5) after 4 days without oral hygiene. The most dominant species on Day 0 were members of the genus Actinomyces. These organisms comprised almost 50% of the microbiota evaluated. None of the Actinomyces species increased significantly during the 4 days. Some Streptococcus species increased significantly over time as well as species of the genera Capnocytophaga, Campylobacter, Fusobacteria and Actinomyces actinomycetemcomitans. In the present investigation, the preparatory phase established a situation with minimal gingival inflammation and close to zero amounts of dental plaque. The Day 0 plaque samples exhibited high proportions of Actinomyces species. During the 4 days of no oral hygiene, there was a small increase in total numbers of organisms as well as a modest increase in the proportion of "disease-associated" taxa such as species of the "orange complex" species.

  18. Plaque removal efficacy of Colgate 360 toothbrush: A clinical study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iyer, Nageshwar; Chandna, Shalu; Dhindsa, Abhishek; Damle, Dhanashree; Loomba, Ashish

    2016-01-01

    Aim: The aim of this clinical study was to confirm the plaque removal efficacy of the Colgate 360 Whole Mouth Clean Toothbrush. Study Design: This was a single-center, monadic, case–controlled study with the 7 days duration. Materials and Methods: A total of eighty participants (56 male and 24 female) aged between 18 and 45 years with a minimum of 20 permanent teeth (excluding the third molars) without any prosthetic crowns and an initial plaque score of minimum 1.5 as determined by Modified Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (1970) participated in the study. There were two dropouts during the study duration, one male and one female. The participants were instructed to brush for 1 min, after which plaque index was recorded again. They were then instructed to brush their teeth twice a day for 1 min with the assigned toothbrush (Colgate 360 Whole Mouth Clean Toothbrush) and a commercially available fluoride toothpaste for the next 7 days. On the 7th day, all the participants were recalled for follow-up and plaque examination. The plaque index scores (pre- and post-brushing) were recorded, tabulated, and analyzed statistically. Results: The mean plaque indices reduced after brushing both on day 1 and day 7. There was also a reduction in mean plaque indices from day 1 to day 7. All these reductions were statistically significant (P < 0.001). The reduction in plaque scores was independent of the gender of the participants however female participants showed lower scores as compared to male participants (P < 0.001). Conclusion: The present study demonstrated a significant reduction in plaque scores with the use of Colgate 360 Whole Mouth Clean Soft Toothbrush throughout the study period. Continued use resulted in a further significant reduction in plaque scores irrespective of the gender of participants. PMID:27630494

  19. Hemo oxygenase-1 and its relationship with svere acute pancreatitis%血红素加氧酶-1及其与重症胰腺炎之间关系的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志威; 毛恩强

    2010-01-01

    Recently, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has been emphasized in the area of intensive care unit (ICU) and other domains. HO-1 can catalyze the decomposition of heine and the products of its enzymatic activity, including carbon monoxide, biliverdin, and bilirubin and ferritin can play a significant cytoprotec-tive role in antagonizing inflammation, protecting cells from oxidative injury and cellular stresses. In the re-search of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), researchers have realized that it is of great importance to antago-nize the overflow of cytokines in order to improve the therapeutic effect of SAP. In this article, we give a re-view of the research progress of HO-1 and its relationship with SAP.%近年来,血红素加氧酶-1(heme oxygenase-1,HO-1)已经成为危重病及其他许多领域的研究热点.HO-1通过分解血红素而产生的一氧化碳,胆绿素和胆红素,及亚铁离子可以减轻炎性介质反应,拮抗细胞氧化性损伤和细胞应激从而发挥细胞保护性作用.而在对重症胰腺炎(severe acute pancreatitis,SAP)的研究中,人们已经认识到拮抗炎症因子的过度释放是提高胰腺炎疗效的重要环节.本文就HO-1及其与SAP之间关系的研究进展做一综述.

  20. Comparison of Manual and Electric Toothbrush in Dental Plaque Removal: A Clinical Trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheikh-Al-Eslamian

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background Mechanical oral hygiene procedures are the most effective means of plaque removal and toothbrush is the most commonly used tool for mechanical plaque removal worldwide. There is an array of available manual and electric toothbrushes in the market. Thus, choosing the best one for dental plaque removal can be of great help for patients. Objectives This study aimed at compare the efficacy of dental plaque removal using a manual and an electric toothbrush. Materials and Methods This experimental, single-blinded sequential clinical trial was conducted on 12 patients (ten females and two males who aged 21 to 30 years old. The tested manual toothbrush was 35-mm soft Oral-B Pulsar and the electric one was Oral-B Professional Care 8500 DLX chargeable D18. Patients’ dental plaque score was set as zero through scaling, root planning, and polishing. Subjects were avoided tooth cleaning for three days and on day four, plaque accumulation was assessed using Tureskey's modification of Quigley and Hein plaque index. Results The mean of plaque index was 2.13 ± 0.83 and 2.11 ± 1.01 in the manual and electric toothbrush groups, respectively. No significant difference was detected between the study toothbrushes in terms of plaque removal (P = 0.374; however, with the manual tooth brushing, plaque removal was significantly greater in the buccal than in lingual surface and in the maxilla than in the mandible (P = 0.03 and P = 0.015, respectively. Conclusions Similar to previous studies, this study could not show the superiority of electric toothbrush over manual in plaque removal. After 72 hours, the mean of plaque index was greater in buccal than in lingual surface, which may be attributed to the natural cleansing action of the tongue.

  1. Buerger’s disease: providing integrated care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klein-Weigel P

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Peter Klein-Weigel,1 Theresa Sophie Volz,1 Leonora Zange,2 Jutta Richter,3 1Clinic of Angiology, 2Clinic of Cardiology and Nephrology, HELIOS Klinikum Berlin-Buch, Berlin, 3Medical Faculty, Department of Rheumatology and Hiller Research Unit Rheumatology, Heinrich-Heine-University Duesseldorf, Duesseldorf, Germany Abstract: Buerger’s disease, also known as thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO, is a segmental inflammatory disease affecting small- and medium-sized vessels, which is strongly associated with tobacco use. Although the etiology is still unknown, recent studies suggest an immunopathogenesis. Diagnosis is based on clinical and angiomorphologic criteria, including age, history of smoking, clinical presentation with distal extremity ischemia, and the absence of other risk factors for atherosclerosis, autoimmune disease, hypercoagulable states, or embolic disease. Until now, no causative therapy exists for TAO. The most important therapeutic intervention is smoking cessations and intravenous prostanoid infusions (iloprost. Furthermore, effective analgesia is crucial for the treatment of ischemic and neuropathic pain and might be expanded by spinal cord stimulation. Revascularization procedures do not play a major role in the treatment of TAO due to the distal localization of arterial occlusion. More recently, immunoadsorption has been introduced eliminating vasoconstrictive G-protein-coupled receptor and other autoantibodies. Cell-based therapies and treatment with bosentan were also advocated. Finally, a consequent prevention and treatment of wounds and infections are essential for the prevention of amputations. To achieve better clinical results, integrated care in multidisciplinary and trans-sectoral teams with emphasis on smoking cessation, pain control, wound management, and social care by professionals, social workers, and family members is necessary. Keywords: Winiwater-Buerger's disease, Winiwarter–Buerger, thromboangiitis

  2. Retrieval of Legal Information Through Discovery Layers: A Case Study Related to Indian Law Libraries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kushwah, Shivpal Singh

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. The purpose of this paper is to analyze and evaluate discovery layer search tools for retrieval of legal information in Indian law libraries. This paper covers current practices in legal information retrieval with special reference to Indian academic law libraries, and analyses its importance in the domain of law.Design/Methodology/Approach. A web survey and observational study method are used to collect the data. Data related to the discovery tools were collected using email and further discussion held with the discovery layer/ tool /product developers and their representatives.Findings. Results show that most of the Indian law libraries are subscribing to bundles of legal information resources such as Hein Online, JSTOR, LexisNexis Academic, Manupatra, Westlaw India, SCC web, AIR Online (CDROM, and so on. International legal and academic resources are compatible with discovery tools because they support various standards related to online publishing and dissemination such as OAI/PMH, Open URL, MARC21, and Z39.50, but Indian legal resources such as Manupatra, Air, and SCC are not compatible with the discovery layers. The central index is one of the important components in a discovery search interface, and discovery layer services/tools could be useful for Indian law libraries also if they can include multiple legal and academic resources in their central index. But present practices and observations reveal that discovery layers are not providing facility to cover legal information resources. Therefore, in the present form, discovery tools are not very useful; they are an incomplete and half solution for Indian libraries because all available Indian legal resources available in the law libraries are not covered.Originality/Value. Very limited research or published literature is available in the area of discovery layers and their compatibility with legal information resources.

  3. ENDOGENOUS HEME OXYGENASE/CARBON MONOXIDE SYSTEM MEDIATES LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE- INDUCED INTUSSUSCEPTION IN RATS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王平; 余奇志; 欧和生; 佟利家; 杨军; 唐朝枢

    2000-01-01

    Objectives. To investigate the role d endogenous heine oxygenase ( HO )/carbon monoxide ( CO ) system in regulating the process of intussusception (IN) induced by administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in rats. Methods. IN model of rats were induced by lipopolysaccharide. HO activity was determined by the amonnl of bilirubin formation which was measured with a double-beam spectrophotometer, and HbCO formation was measured by CO-aximeter. Results. The results showed that LPS (10mg/kg) caused IN in up to 40% d the rats at 6h after treatment of LPS. The incidence dIN were significantly increased by50% (P<0.05) and by83.2%(P<0.01) in HO substrate (heme-L-lysinate)-treated rats and in exogenous CO-treated rats, respectively; but it was significantly decreased by 41.8%(P <0.05) after administration dZnDPBG, an inhibitor dheme oxygenase (HO) activity. Furthermore, LPS increased HO activity, HbCO formation cGMP content within colic smooth muscle and the plasma level d cGMP, and these parameters were significantly elevated by 62.6% (P < 0.01), 40.0% (P < 0.01), 49.3% (P < 0.05) and 38.9%(P< 0.05), respectively, compared with LPS-non-IN rats. Conclusion. It is suggested that endogenous HO/CO system plays an important role in the process d IN induced by LPS, and inhibition d HO activity may decrease the formation of IN.

  4. Second world renewable energy assembly (WREA) 2007; 2. Weltversammlung fuer Erneuerbare Energien (WREA) 2007

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    (Wolfgang Hein).

  5. The efficacy of antiseptic mouth rinses in comparison with dental floss in controlling interproximal gingivitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mythri, H; Ananda, S R; Prashant, G M; Subba Reddy, V V; Chandu, G N

    2011-01-01

    Maintaining good oral hygiene is important to combat periodontal diseases. The use of tooth brush alone does not serve the purpose, especially in inaccessible areas like proximal embrasures, which demand the use of some adjuncts like proximal cleaning aids. Hence, the objective of this study was to compare the clinical efficacy of two antimicrobial mouth rinses (Cool mint Listerine and 0.2% Chlorhexidine gluconate) with dental floss in reducing interproximal gingivitis and dental plaque in an unsupervised condition. A randomized, controlled, single-blind (observer), parallel-group clinical trial in accordance with the ADA guidelines was conducted for a period of 6 months. Four index age groups (12, 15, 35-44, and 65-74 years) were divided into four groups, i.e., brushing, brushing and flossing, brushing and rinsing with Listerine, and brushing and rinsing with Chlorhexidine, so that each group comprised 40 subjects. Interproximal gingivitis and dental plaque were assessed using Modified Gingival Index, Turesky-Gilmore-Glickman modified Quigley-Hein Plaque Index and Gingival Bleeding Index. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for multiple group comparisons, followed by Tukey's post hoc for group-wise comparisons. Chlorhexidine and Listerine showed significant reduction in plaque and gingivitis level compared to others, the activity of Chlorhexidine being more significant. The level of interproximal gingivitis control efficacy provided by the Listerine and Chlorhexidine was "at least as good as" that provided by the dental floss. Hence, they can be recommended for the patients with gingivitis as an adjunctive to the usual home care routine.

  6. Influence of symptom expectancies on stair-climbing performance in chronic fatigue syndrome: effect of study context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heins, Marianne; Knoop, Hans; Nijs, Jo; Feskens, Remco; Meeus, Mira; Moorkens, Greta; Bleijenberg, Gijs

    2013-06-01

    In patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), performance of physical activities may be affected by an anticipated increase in symptoms after these activities. Nijs et al. previously studied the influence of symptom expectancies and related psychological processes on the performance of an isolated physical activity [Nijs J, Meeus M, Heins M, Knoop H, Moorkens G, Bleijenberg G. Kinesiophobia, catastrophizing and anticipated symptoms before stair climbing in chronic fatigue syndrome: an experimental study. Disabil Rehabil 2012. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2011.641661 .]. We aimed to validate the previous findings in a larger group of patients in a different setting. We also extended the possible underlying psychological processes studied. In 49 CFS patients, we measured performance (duration and increase in heart rate) during self-paced climbing and descending of two floors of stairs. Before this task, patients rated experienced fatigue and anticipated fatigue after stair climbing. In addition, kinesiophobia, catastrophising and focusing on bodily symptoms were measured. Using correlational and regression analyses, we tested whether performance during stair climbing could be explained by experienced and anticipated fatigue and psychological factors. Longer duration of stair climbing correlated with higher anticipated fatigue, independently of sex, age, body mass index and fatigue before stair climbing. Focusing on bodily symptoms and fatigue-related catastrophising were related to anticipated fatigue. Symptom expectations affect the performance of physical activity in CFS patients, possibly through focusing on bodily symptoms and catastrophising. These findings partially contradict the findings of the previous study, which stresses the importance of study context in conducting this type of experiments (i.e., patient characteristics, instructions).

  7. Catalysis. Innovative applications in petrochemistry and refining. Preprints

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ernst, S.; Balfanz, U.; Jess, A.; Lercher, J.A.; Lichtscheidl, J.; Marchionna, M.; Nees, F.; Santacesaria, E. (eds.)

    2011-07-01

    Within the DGMK conference at 4th to 6th October, 2011 in Dresden (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) Developing linear-alpha-olefins technology - From laboratory to a commercial plant (A. Meiswinkel); (2) New developments in oxidation catalysis (F. Rosowski); (3) Study of the performance of vanadium based catalysts prepared by grafting in the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane (E. Santacesaria); (4) Hydrocracking for oriented conversion of heavy oils: recent trends for catalyst development (F. Bertoncini); (5) Acidic ionic liquids for n-alkane isomerization in a liquid-liquid or slurry-phase reaction mode (C. Meyer); (6) Dual catalyst system for the hydrocracking of heavy oils and residues (G. Bellussi); (7) Understanding hydrodenitrogenation on novel unsupported sulphide Mo-W-Ni catalysts (J. Hein); (8) Hydrocracking of ethyllaurate on bifunctional micro-/mesoporous composite materials (M. Adam); (9) Catalytic dehydration of ethanol to ethylene (Ying Zhu); (10) The Evonik-Uhde HPPO process for propylene oxide production (B. Jaeger); (11) A green two-step process for adipic acid production from cyclohexene: A study on parameters affecting selectivity (F. Cavani); (12) DISY: The direct synthesis of hydrogen peroxide, a bridge for innovative applications (R, Buzzoni); (13) Solid catalyst with ionic liquid layer (SCILL) - A concept to improve the selectivity of selective hydrogenations (A. Jess); (14) Co-Zn-Al based hydrotalcites as catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch process (C.L. Bianchi); (15) Honeycomb supports with high thermal conductivity for the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (C.G. Visconti); (16) How to make Fischer-Tropsch catalyst scale-up fully reliable (L. Fischer); (17) New developments in FCC catalysis (C.P. Kelkar); (18) The potential of medium-pore zeolites for improved propene yields from catalytic cracking (F. Bager).

  8. Impact of oral health education on plaque scores with and without periodic reinforcement among 12-year-old school children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Padma Reddy

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: As many oral health problems are preventable, creating awareness at a very early age has an impact on their health-related behaviors. Aim: To assess the impact of oral health education on plaque scores with and without periodic reinforcement among 12-year-old school children. Materials and Methods: An experimental study was conducted among 12-year-old children of Manchi School, Balapur in Hyderabad. The study sample comprised 140 children that was further divided randomly into study and control groups with 70 children in each. The study was conducted for a period of 1 month with clinical examination being carried out at baseline and on 30th day using Turesky, Gilmore, and Glickman modification of Quigley–Hein Plaque Index (1970. The study group received oral health education at the baseline and on the 15th day from the baseline, whereas control group received oral health education only at the baseline. Statistical analysis was done using Wilcoxon matched paired test. Results: Mean difference in the plaque scores among groups based on gender from baseline to follow-up examination (30th day revealed that males in the study and control groups had a difference of 1.09 ± 0.3, 0.59 ± 0.3, respectively (P = 0.001. On the other hand, females in the study and control groups had 1.47 ± 0.2, 0.76 ± 0.2 difference which was statistically more significant (P = 0.0001. The study and control groups showed 61.7% and 32.6% reduction in the mean plaque scores from baseline to follow-up examination (30th day. Conclusion: Study group with reinforcement showed a prominent reduction in the mean plaque scores than control group.

  9. The anti-plaque efficacy of a novel stannous-containing sodium fluoride dentifrice: a randomized and controlled clinical trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Tao; Sun, Lily; Li, Sarah; Ji, Nelson

    2010-09-01

    To evaluate the anti-plaque efficacy of a novel stannous-containing sodium fluoride dentifrice compared to a negative control regular anti-caries dentifrice and a positive control marketed triclosan-containing dentifrice. This was a randomized and controlled, single-center, double-blind, three-treatment, three-period, crossover clinical trial in generally healthy adults. A prophylaxis was followed by three 4-day treatment periods of limited brushing, each separated by an approximate 7-day washout phase. Subjects used the test dentifrice on Days 0-3 of each period according to their randomly assigned sequence; either Crest Cavity Protection (negative control); an experimental stannous-containing sodium fluoride dentifrice; or a marketed triclosan positive control (Colgate Total). A dental polishing was given at Day 0 of each treatment period, and subjects brushed the lingual surfaces only and then swished the entire dentition with a dentifrice slurry twice daily under supervision through Day 3. At baseline and Day 4 of each treatment period, plaque levels were assessed via the Turesky Modification of the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (TMQHPI). Twenty-eight fully evaluable subjects completed the trial. Both the experimental and positive control dentifrices provided significantly lower mean whole mouth TMQHPI plaque scores after treatment compared to the negative control: 11.4% lower for the experimental stannous-containing dentifrice and 8.4% for Colgate Total (Pdentifrice group resulted in directionally lower whole mouth plaque scores when compared to Colgate Total (P= 0.07). The experimental stannous-containing dentifrice had significantly lower mean plaque scores post-treatment at lingual sites compared with Total (P= 0.0355). All dentifrices were well-tolerated.

  10. Economic burden of vulvar and vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia: retrospective cost study at a German dysplasia centre

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    Kok Patrick

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Human papillomavirus is responsible for a variety of diseases including grade 2 and 3 vulvar and vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia. The aim of this study was to assess parts of the burden of the last diseases including treatment costs. The direct medical resource use and cost of surgery associated with neoplasia and related diagnostic procedures (statutory health insurance perspective were estimated, as were the indirect costs (productivity losses associated with surgical treatment and related gynaecology visits for diagnostic purposes. Methods Data from 1991-2008 were retrospectively collected from patient records of the outpatient unit of the Gynaecological Dysplasia Clinic, Heinrich Heine University, Dusseldorf, Germany. Two subgroups of patients were analysed descriptively: women undergoing one surgical procedure related to a diagnosis of vulvar and/or vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia, and women undergoing two or more surgical procedures. Target measures were per-capita medical resource consumption, direct medical cost and indirect cost. Results Of the 94 women analysed, 52 underwent one surgical intervention and 42 two or more interventions (mean of 3.0 interventions during the total period of analysis. Patients undergoing one surgical intervention accrued €881 in direct costs and €682 in indirect costs; patients undergoing more than one intervention accrued €2,605 in direct costs and €2,432 in indirect costs. Conclusions The economic burden on German statutory health insurance funds and society induced by surgical interventions and related diagnostic procedures for grade 2/3 vulvar and vaginal neoplasia should not be underrated. The cost burden is one part of the overall burden attributable to human papillomavirus infections.

  11. Plaque removal efficacy of Colgate 360 toothbrush: A clinical study

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    Nageshwar Iyer

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this clinical study was to confirm the plaque removal efficacy of the Colgate 360 Whole Mouth Clean Toothbrush. Study Design: This was a single-center, monadic, case-controlled study with the 7 days duration. Materials and Methods: A total of eighty participants (56 male and 24 female aged between 18 and 45 years with a minimum of 20 permanent teeth (excluding the third molars without any prosthetic crowns and an initial plaque score of minimum 1.5 as determined by Modified Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (1970 participated in the study. There were two dropouts during the study duration, one male and one female. The participants were instructed to brush for 1 min, after which plaque index was recorded again. They were then instructed to brush their teeth twice a day for 1 min with the assigned toothbrush (Colgate 360 Whole Mouth Clean Toothbrush and a commercially available fluoride toothpaste for the next 7 days. On the 7 th day, all the participants were recalled for follow-up and plaque examination. The plaque index scores (pre- and post-brushing were recorded, tabulated, and analyzed statistically. Results: The mean plaque indices reduced after brushing both on day 1 and day 7. There was also a reduction in mean plaque indices from day 1 to day 7. All these reductions were statistically significant (P < 0.001. The reduction in plaque scores was independent of the gender of the participants however female participants showed lower scores as compared to male participants (P < 0.001. Conclusion: The present study demonstrated a significant reduction in plaque scores with the use of Colgate 360 Whole Mouth Clean Soft Toothbrush throughout the study period. Continued use resulted in a further significant reduction in plaque scores irrespective of the gender of participants.

  12. «L’esiliato rientrava nel paese incorrotto». The Land, the Sea and the Shore in Eugenio Montale’s ‘Mediterraneo’

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    Sandro Maxia

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Montale’s short, nine-section poem, ‘Mediterraneo’, constitutes his most notable contribution to the modern reworking of the myth of the sea, which has always been so central to western poetry. Progressing from an analysis of the semantics of the border in Montale, centred on the limen present in the poem – that threshold separating land from sea – this reading aims to highlight the distinctiveness of the montalian perspective with respect to authors with whom he compares himself, from D’Annunzio to Baudelaire, Mallarmé, Rimbaud, Valéry, Lautréamont, and Heine to Shelley, to name a few. This comparison contains aspects of consonance, but also and perhaps moreso, of tangible contrast. Starting from the belief that ‘Mediterraneo’ alludes, however ephemerally, to the Biblical account of the expulsion from Eden, this reading finds the centre of gravity in the dazzling yet dreamlike recognition represented in the fourth movement, in which a glass city, emerging unexpectedly from the abysses of the sea, rises miraculously before the reader to signify the enduring symbol of the lost, authentic homeland (the ‘unspoiled country’ referring in a new way to Ungaretti’s ‘Girovago’; the indisputable marker of the end of the happy season of childhood. The hypothesis developed is that the expulsion carries an additional penalty for the poet, not – as claimed by authoritative critical theory – in a crisis of identity, but rather in the imprisonment in an identity lacking in evolution and the resulting exclusion from the world of the possibility, of the beyond, of elsewhere.

  13. Fabrication and characterization of a rapid prototyped tissue engineering scaffold with embedded multicomponent matrix for controlled drug release

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    Chen M

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Muwan Chen,1,2 Dang QS Le,1,2 San Hein,2 Pengcheng Li,1 Jens V Nygaard,2 Moustapha Kassem,3 Jørgen Kjems,2 Flemming Besenbacher,2 Cody Bünger11Orthopaedic Research Lab, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus C, Denmark; 2Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO, Aarhus University, Aarhus C, Denmark; 3Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Odense University Hospital, Odense C, DenmarkAbstract: Bone tissue engineering implants with sustained local drug delivery provide an opportunity for better postoperative care for bone tumor patients because these implants offer sustained drug release at the tumor site and reduce systemic side effects. A rapid prototyped macroporous polycaprolactone scaffold was embedded with a porous matrix composed of chitosan, nanoclay, and β-tricalcium phosphate by freeze-drying. This composite scaffold was evaluated on its ability to deliver an anthracycline antibiotic and to promote formation of mineralized matrix in vitro. Scanning electronic microscopy, confocal imaging, and DNA quantification confirmed that immortalized human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC-TERT cultured in the scaffold showed high cell viability and growth, and good cell infiltration to the pores of the scaffold. Alkaline phosphatase activity and osteocalcin staining showed that the scaffold was osteoinductive. The drug-release kinetics was investigated by loading doxorubicin into the scaffold. The scaffolds comprising nanoclay released up to 45% of the drug for up to 2 months, while the scaffold without nanoclay released 95% of the drug within 4 days. Therefore, this scaffold can fulfill the requirements for both bone tissue engineering and local sustained release of an anticancer drug in vitro. These results suggest that the scaffold can be used clinically in reconstructive surgery after bone tumor resection. Moreover, by changing the composition and amount of individual components, the scaffold can find application in other

  14. Daily baseline skin care in the prevention, treatment, and supportive care of skin toxicity in oncology patients: recommendations from a multinational expert panel

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    Bensadoun RJ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available René-Jean Bensadoun,1 Phillipe Humbert,2 Jean Krutman,3 Thomas Luger,4 Raoul Triller,5 André Rougier,6 Sophie Seite,6 Brigitte Dreno71Department of Radiation Oncology, CHU Poitiers, Poitiers Cedex, 2Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Besançon, Besançon, France; 3IUF-Leibniz Research Institute for Environmental Medicine, Heinrich-Heine University, Düsseldorf, 4Department of Dermatology, University of Münster, Münster, Germany; 5Centre of Dermatology, Hertford British Hospital, Levallois-Perret, 6La Roche-Posay Laboratoire Pharmaceutique, Asnières, 7Department of Cancero-Dermatology, Hôtel Dieu, CHU Nantes, FranceAbstract: Skin reactions due to radiotherapy and chemotherapy are a significant problem for an important number of cancer patients. While effective for treating cancer, they disturb cutaneous barrier function, causing a reaction soon after initiation of treatment that impacts patient quality of life. Managing these symptoms with cosmetics and nonpharmaceutical skin care products for camouflage or personal hygiene may be important for increasing patient self-esteem. However, inappropriate product choice or use could worsen side effects. Although recommendations exist for the pharmaceutical treatment of skin reactions, there are no recommendations for the choice or use of dermatologic skin care products for oncology patients. The present guidelines were developed by a board of European experts in dermatology and oncology to provide cancer care professionals with guidance for the appropriate use of non-pharmaceutical, dermocosmetic skin care management of cutaneous toxicities associated with radiotherapy and systemic chemotherapy, including epidermal growth factor inhibitors and monoclonal antibodies. The experts hope that these recommendations will improve the management of cutaneous side effects and hence quality of life for oncology patients.Keywords: skin care, cosmetic, dermatological toxicity, folliculitis

  15. Comparison of soft toothbrush and new ultra-soft cleaner in ability to remove plaque from teeth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, William J; Gratzel, Kristen; Gearity, Erin J; Akerman, Meredith; Hill, Jennifer M

    2014-11-01

    In this single-blind, crossover study, the difference between a brushless tooth cleaner and a soft toothbrush was studied to compare plaque removal efficiency. The sample was composed of 15 human subjects who were categorized into two groups. Group 1 was composed of subjects randomly assigned to the brushless tooth cleaner for the first two weeks. Group 2 was composed of those randomly assigned to begin the study using the soft toothbrush. After two weeks of brushing with their assigned device, subjects returned to their normal modality to brush their teeth for one week. For the last two weeks of the study, subjects were told to brush with the opposite device they were originally assigned to at the beginning of the trial. Investigators recorded the subjects' gingival indices (based on probe depths) and Quigley scores (based on plaque indices using disclosing solution) at the beginning of week one, the end of week two, the end of week three and the end of week five. The main outcomes in this study were the Silness Loe Index (SLI) and the Quigley Hein Index (QHI). The SLI was assessed on the buccal, lingual, mesial and distal surfaces of six teeth, for a total of 24 surfaces. The QHI was assessed on the buccal and lingual surfaces of six teeth, for a total of 12 surfaces. Each index was measured at each visit by the sum total score divided by the total number of surfaces. The data were analyzed separately using a mixed-effects repeated measures analysis of variance (RMANOVA) for crossover designs. Results indicate that, according to the SLI, there is no significant difference between the two treatments after the first or second weeks. However, based on the QHI, statistically significant differences existed between the two treatments after week one and two. After week one, the soft toothbrush use had a higher QHI than the brushless tooth cleaner. After week two, the brushless tooth cleaner had a higher QHI than the soft toothbrush.

  16. A comparative study of the efficacy of four different bristle designs of tooth brushes in plaque removal

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    Sripriya N

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Background : The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of four most commonly used bristle designs of toothbrushes in plaque removal. Materials and Methods : The study was a randomized 4 cell, examiner blind cross-over design assessing the plaque removal efficacy of all four brushes on a single occasion. Sixteen subjects aged 14-15 years participated in the study. On day 1 of each test period, the subjects were rendered plaque free and were asked to suspend oral hygiene practices for 24 hours. On day 2, the subjects were scored for plaque prior to brushing using the Turesky-Gilmore modification of Quigley-Hein plaque index. The subjects then brushed with the allocated toothbrush for 2 minutes and the post-brushing plaque scores were assessed. A wash-out period of 4 days was allowed between the test periods. Results : All the brushes showed a significant reduction in the post-brushing plaque scores ( p < 0.001. The mean reduction in the plaque scores for all the brushes was around 53%. The percentage plaque reduction was greater in the anterior surface than the posterior surface (59.6 ± 7.45% vs. 49.83 ± 4.35%. The percentage plaque reductions in the upper, lower, buccal and lingual surfaces were similar. No significant difference in the reduction of plaque scores between the four brushes was seen. Conclusion : The data derived from the study supports the contention of many researchers that there is no single superior design of manual toothbrush. Though minor and some site differences in favor of the brushes were seen, they were not statistically significant.

  17. The Future of Life on the Earth Ecosystems as Topological Spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bounias, Michel; Bonaly, André

    Life, as well as any kind of matter, is embedded in mathematical spaces. The filters of Life spaces are filtered by finer filters in purely mathematical spaces. Therefore, the functioning of Life systems depends on the functionality of embedding mathematical spaces. The global planetary ecosystem and its subsystems own properties of a topological space (X, ⊥), provided with a set (X) of biotic and abiotic members and a combination rule (⊥) mapping interactions between any of the components of (X). Its optimum properties can be reached if and only if the space of the orbits of members of X by the set of functions in (⊥) is provided with appropriate topological properties, e.g. this space is compact and complete. These properties are fulfilled in discrete setting only within a finite time interval, whereas they are not if members of (X) and/or (⊥) are arbitrarily eliminated, through either space or time, both nonlinear. As a corollary of the Bolzano, Weierstrass, and Heine-Borel-Lebesgue theorems, it infers that a future for Life on Planet Earth lies on two major conditions: (i) maximization of complementarity in habitat occupation and resource utilization, and (ii) reciprocal contribution of subsystems in filling each other with components needed for improving their respective structures and functions, i.e. mutualism. Objective foundations for assessing features of a further "universal right" are derived from the need for all livings to fulfill the biological conditions necessary for life to be sustainably possible. In conclusion, should natural conditions hit some difficulties on the way to these accomplishments, it would be the honor of humankind to contribute to improving, rather than to impairing, the trends of evolution towards the goals of reaching "optimum states" in which competition is minimized and mutualism is generalized.

  18. 废旧SBS改性沥青混合料再生工艺%Recycling Technology of Waste SBS Modified Bitumen Mixture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆伟强; 廖克俭; 王洪国; 王洋

    2012-01-01

    Taking waste SBS modified asphalt mixture from Heine-Dalian highway (HD-10) and Beijing-Shenyang highway (SMA-20) as raw materials,asphalt was extracted from the mixture by the solvent method in order to recycle waste asphalt,then composition and physical-chemical properties of extracted asphalt were analyzed.Through comparing properties and compositions of two kinds of extracted asphalt,LKJ-I and LKJ-II were respectively used to blend HD-10 and SMA-20,suitable regenerant and ratio were determined,which can make two kinds of recycled asphalt meet the technical specifications for construction of asphalt pavement (called JTG F40-20041-A)%采用黑河-大连高速公路(代号HD-10)和北京-沈阳高速公路(代号SMA-20)废旧SBS改性沥青混合料为原料,采用溶剂抽提法从混合料中抽提取出旧沥青,并对其理化性质及组分进行分析.比较两者性质和组成差别,分别选用LKJ-Ⅰ剂和LKJ-Ⅱ剂作为再生剂对HD-10和SMA-20进行调和,找到合适的再生剂和相对应的配比,使两种再生后的SBS改性沥青满足(JTG F40-2004 Ⅰ-A类)标准要求.

  19. Patient identified needs for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease versus billed services for care received

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jill Heins-Nesvold

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Jill Heins-Nesvold1, Angeline Carlson2, Leslie King-Schultz3, Kenneth E Joslyn41American Lung Association of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, USA; 2Data Intelligence Consultants, LLC, Eden Prairie, MN, USA; 3Mayo Medical School, Rochester, MN, USA; 4Medica Health Plan, Minnetonka, MN, USAAbstract: The American Lung Association of Minnesota (ALAMN was granted access to a 2004 administrative claims data from an upper mid-Western, independent practice association model health plan. Claims information, including demographics, prevalence, medication and oxygen therapy, and health care utilization, was extracted for 7,782 patients with COPD who were 40 years of age and older. In addition, ALAMN conducted a survey of 1,911 patients from Minnesota diagnosed with COPD. The survey queried the patients about demographics, treatment, medications, limitations, wants, and needs. This article compares and contrasts the information gained through the health plan administrative claims database with the findings from the COPD patient survey in areas of age, gender, types of provider primarily responsible for COPD care, spirometry use, medication therapy, pulmonary rehabilitation, oxygen therapy, and health care utilization. Primary care practitioners provided a majority of the COPD-related care. The claims evidence of spirometry use was 16%–62% of COPD patients had claims evidence of COPD-related medications. 25% of patients reported, and 23% of patients had claims evidence of, a hospitalization during the observation year. 16% of patients reported using pulmonary rehabilitation programs. The results indicate there is an opportunity to improve COPD diagnosis and management.Keywords: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, oxygen therapy, medication therapy, spirometry, chronic care, assessment

  20. Initial impact of a national dental education program on the oral health and dental knowledge of children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biesbrock, Aaron R; Walters, Patricia A; Bartizek, Robert D

    2003-05-15

    Oral health educational programs have been reported to have a variable impact on the oral health status of program participants. This paper reports the impact of an educational oral health program conducted within a single Boys & Girls Club of America. The objective of this 4-week examiner-blind study was to determine the impact of the educational program on the gingival health (gingivitis and plaque) of participating children who were between the ages of 5 and 15. The multi-week program taught the participants the basics of oral biology and disease, as well as proper oral health prevention including oral hygiene, dietary modification, and the importance of visiting the dentist. A calibrated examiner measured whole mouth Loe-Silness Gingival Index (GI) and Turesky Modification of Quigley-Hein Plaque index (PI) at baseline (immediately prior to the initiation of the educational program) and 4 weeks later. The primary efficacy analysis was based on change from baseline for 75 subjects who were enrolled at baseline, participated in the educational program, and were examined 4 weeks later. Mean baseline GI score was 0.37, while the 4 week mean GI score was reduced to 0.18. This represents a 51% reduction in GI score with p<0.001. Mean baseline PI score was 3.80, while the 4 week mean PI score was reduced to 2.68. This represents a 29% reduction in PI score with p<0.001. In addition, subjects completed a questionnaire (5 questions) at baseline and at 4 weeks to assess their oral health knowledge. The subject population was found to have statistically significantly (p<0.05) greater knowledge with respect to optimal brushing time and optimal frequency of dental recall visits following the program at week 4. Collectively, these data support the role of the educational program in promoting improved oral health in these children over a one month period.

  1. Theoretical Investigations of the Effects of Lithium Intercalation on the Properties of Indium Selenide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes da Costa, Manuel Pedro Fernandes

    The effect of intercalating lithium into gamma-InSe and beta -InSe has been investigated. The energy bands of pure gamma -InSe and pure beta-InSe were calculated using an overlap-reduced semi-empirical tight-binding method. The parameters for the interactions of Li atoms with In and Se atoms were obtained using the atomic wave-functions of Clementi and Roetti and the Heine-Abarenkov model potential. We established the positions of minimum potential inside the unit cell of the two InSe polytypes where the lithium atoms are most likely to be found. By placing lithium atoms in these sites, we calculated the modifications of the energy bands produced by the introduction of one Li atom per unit cell in gamma-InSe and two lithium atoms per unit cell in beta -InSe. The activation energy for movement of a Li atom between local energy minima was also calculated. The results have been correlated with the optical absorption and photoluminescence data of InSe and Li-intercalated InSe. The lattice dynamics of both the pure gamma- and beta-polytypes of the layer compound InSe have been investigated using a model containing short-range central forces and long -range Coulomb interactions. The normal mode frequencies and eigenvectors were determined by diagonalizing the dynamical matrix. The results have been correlated with the infrared and Raman spectra in InSe. The procedure was then extended to include one lithium ion per unit cell in a site of minimum potential in both the gamma-InSe and the beta-InSe polytypes. The effect of intercalated Li atoms on the vibrational modes and on the infrared and Raman spectra was then investigated.

  2. I dolori di Claudia Seeliger

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    Uta Treder

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La protagonista di questo romanzo dice “io”, si confida con noi, ci conduce attraverso la sua rocambolesca vicenda tenendoci avvinti e costringendoci ad esserle complici. Più di una volta restiamo col fiato sospeso, ci sentiamo a tratti confusi e smarriti, scuotiamo la testa disapprovando le sue scelte avventate, ma non ce la sentiremmo mai di abbandonarla al suo destino. Troppo forte è la sua personalità, perfino laddove scopre il suo lato fragile, troppo coinvolgente la sua passione, troppo disarmante la sua intelligenza. Non c’è niente da fare: Claudia Seeliger ci tiene in pugno. Claudia Seeliger, o chi per lei, bisognerebbe dire… In questo romanzo poliziesco, psicologico, erotico, politico, interculturale e intertestuale, Uta Treder si rivela narratrice sapiente, colta, ma anche ironica e assai irriverente. Profilo biograficoUta Treder (Amburgo 1943 – Firenze 2013 è stata professore ordinario di Storia della cultura tedesca a Firenze e di Letteratura tedesca a Trieste e a Perugia. Da germanista si è occupata di autori quali Goethe, Schiller, Hölderlin, Novalis, Heine, Droste-Hülshoff, Fontane, Keller, Lasker-Schüler, Kafka, Bachmann, Mayröcker. Il suo principale interesse ha riguardato la letteratura delle donne che sono state "dimenticate" dal Canone. Come autrice di narrativa ha pubblicato la raccolta di racconti Luna Aelion (München 1989 e i romanzi Die Alchemistin (Frankfurt a.M. 1993, Die Bäume von Babelsberg (Pfalzfeld 2005, audiolibro letto da Petra Pawel, 2007; anticipazione italiana in "LEA", 1-2004, Der Schwarze König (Pfalzfeld 2007. È stata socia fondatrice della Società Italiana delle Letterate. I dolori di Claudia Seeliger è la prima traduzione italiana dell'opera narrativa di Uta Treder.

  3. Effect of Manuka honey, chlorhexidine gluconate and xylitol on the clinical levels of dental plaque

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    Prathibha A Nayak

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims: To compare the effect of Manuka honey, chlorhexidine gluconate (0.2% mouthwash and xylitol chewing gum on the dental plaque levels. Materials and Methods: Sixty healthy male dental students aged between 21 and 25 years (mean age 23.4 years participated in the study. All the subjects received a professional prophylaxis at the start of the study, with the purpose of making the dentition 100% free of plaque and calculus. The subjects were then randomly divided into three groups, i.e. the Manuka honey group, the chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash group and the xylitol chewing gum group. Rinsing with water or any other fluid after the procedure was not allowed as also any form of mechanical oral hygiene for all the subjects during the experimental period of 72 h. After the experimental period, the plaque was disclosed using disclosing solution and their scores were recorded at six sites per tooth using the Quigley and Hein plaque index modified by Turesky-Gilmore-Glickman. Results: The mean plaque scores for Groups I, II and III were 1.37, 1.35 and 1.57, respectively. The ANOVA revealed that between-group comparison was significant, with an F-value of 5.99 and a probability value of 0.004. The T-test was carried out to evaluate the inter-group significance, which revealed that the plaque inhibition by Manuka honey was similar to that of chlorhexidine mouthwash. Both Manuka honey and chlorhexidine mouthwash reduced plaque formation significantly, better than the xylitol chewing gum. Conclusion: Manuka honey and chlorhexidine mouthwash reduced plaque formation significantly better than xylitol chewing gum.

  4. Critical appraisal of the role of fingolimod in the treatment of multiple sclerosis

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    Warnke C

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Clemens Warnke1,2, Olaf Stüve3,4, Hans-Peter Hartung1, Anna Fogdell-Hahn2, Bernd C Kieseier11Department of Neurology, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany; 2Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; 3Department of Neurology, Dallas Veterans Affairs Medical Center, TX, USA; 4Department of Neurology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, TX, USAAbstract: This review summarizes Phase III clinical trial data available for fingolimod. The main purpose is to evaluate the benefit-risk profile of fingolimod, the first oral compound available for treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS and just recently approved by the European authorities. The authors place this evaluation in the context of the known safety and efficacy profile of established compounds for therapy of MS to outline the current and future potential of fingolimod. The authors conclude that only long-term safety data from post-marketing surveillance plans, together with additional head-to-head studies, would allow evidence-based treatment decisions. Furthermore, risk-profile analyses including patient history, exposure data to certain pathogens, and genetic analyses may potentially help to choose the right drug for individual patients in the future. Until these approaches toward an individualized medicine have been validated, treatment decisions for one or the other compound will have to be based partly on class IV evidence. Therefore, a close dialog with the well-informed patient, secured by effective risk mitigation plans, is required to choose the compound.Keywords: FTY720, oral drug, spingosine 1-phosphate receptor

  5. Effectiveness and tolerability of transdermal rivastigmine in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease in daily practice

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    Seibert J

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Johannes Seibert1, Ferenc Tracik2,3, Konstantin Articus2, Stefan Spittler41Outpatient Clinic, Heidelberg, Germany; 2Novartis Pharma, Nürnberg, Germany; 3Department of Neurology, Heinrich-Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany; 4Alexianer Krefeld, Maria Hilf Clinic, Krefeld, GermanyBackground: Oral cholinesterase inhibitors at doses efficacious for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD are often prematurely discontinued due to gastrointestinal side effects. In controlled clinical trials, transdermal rivastigmine demonstrated less such effects at similar efficacy. The current study aimed to verify the validity of this data in daily practice.Methods: This was a prospective, multicenter, observational study on transdermal rivastigmine in Germany. Eligible patients were those with AD who had not yet been treated with rivastigmine. Outcome measures were changes in clock-drawing test, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE, Caregiver Burden Scale, Clinical Global Impression (CGI, physicians’ assessments of tolerability, and the incidence of adverse events (AEs over 4 months of treatment.Results: In 257 centers 1113 patients were enrolled; 614 women and 499 men, mean age 76.5 years. In 58% of patients AD was treated for the first time and in 42% therapy was switched to transdermal rivastigmine, mostly due to lack of tolerability (13.6% or effectiveness (26.9%. After 4 months, 67.4% of patients were on the target dose of 9.5 mg/day and 21.8% were still on 4.6 mg/day. MMSE significantly improved in patients with and without pretreatment (ΔMMSE, 0.9 ± 3.4 and 0.8 ± 3.4, respectively, both P < 0.001; the CGI score improved in 60.9% and 61.3% of patients, respectively. Overall 11.7% of patients had AEs, mainly affecting the skin or the gastrointestinal tract; in 1.1% of cases AEs were serious; 14.7% of patients discontinued therapy, 6.0% due to AEs. With rivastigmine treatment the percentage of patients taking psychotropic comedication decreased

  6. Global Paleobathymetry for the Cenomanian-Turonian (90 Ma)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, A.; Olson, P.; Hinnov, L. A.; Gnanadesikan, A.

    2014-12-01

    , C., Steinberger, B., Heine, C., 2008a, Science, 319, 1357-1362. Scotese, C., 2011, PALEOMAP Project, Arlington, Texas. Turcotte, D., Schubert, G., 2002, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 456 p. Whittaker, J., Goncharov, A., Williams, S., Müller, R., Leitchenkov, G., 2013, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. DOI:10.1002/ggge.20181

  7. Eficacia del JAL 90458 sobre el recrecimiento de placa en pacientes con aparatología fija multibrackets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.C. Claudet Angulo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. El objetivo fue evaluar la eficacia del JAL 90458 sobre el recrecimiento de placa en pacientes con aparatología fija "multibrackets". Material y métodos. Participaron 16 sujetos (11 mujeres y 5 hombres entre 12 a 39 años de edad. El estudio fue realizado bajo condiciones de un ensayo clínico, aleatorizado, doble ciego y paralelo de grupos balanceados usando un diseño de recrecimiento de placa. Los sujetos recibieron una profilaxis oral y suspendieron toda medida de higiene oral por los siguientes 4 días, usando sólo el gel asignado. Se evaluó el Índice de placa de Quigley-Hein modificado por Turesky (IPQH-T, el Índice de placa bracket (IPb y el Índice de Sangrado al Sondaje (ISS. Para el análisis de datos se utilizó el test de la t de Student para muestras independientes, el test exacto de Fisher y el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson. Resultados. Se obtuvieron diferencias estadísticamente significativa entre el JAL 90458 y el gel control en el IPQH-T (2,52±0,57 vs 1,78±0,79, p<0,05, así como en el IPb (2,04±0,73 vs 1,27±0,59, p<0,05, y ISS (1,24±0,20 vs 0,48±0,24, p<0,05. Hubo una alta correlación entre el IPb y el IPQH-T (r=0,94, p<0,01. La ecuación de regresión lineal para predecir el valor del IPQH-T a través del IPb fue: IPQH-T=0,568+0,956 * IPb. Discusión. La aplicación del JAL 90458 en pacientes con aparatos fijos "multibrackets" demostró ser eficaz en la disminución del recrecimiento de placa bacteriana. No se detectó ningún efecto secundario clínico relevante.

  8. The effect of systemic administration of ibuprofen in the experimental gingivitis model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekino, Satoshi; Ramberg, Per; Lindhe, Jan

    2005-02-01

    Studies in humans have indicated that systemically administered flurbiprofen and ibuprofen may reduce gingivitis. De novo plaque formation is enhanced at tooth surfaces adjacent to inflamed gingivae. The aim of the present clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of systemic administration of ibuprofen on gingivitis and plaque build-up. Eleven subjects were recruited for the study and were given oral hygiene instruction, scaling and professional mechanical tooth cleaning (PTC). At the end of a preparatory period (Day 0), the participants were told to abstain from all mechanical plaque control measures during a 2-week experimental period but to rinse with an assigned mouth rinse (positive control: 0.1% chlorhexidine digluconate; negative control: saline) or administer ibuprofen (tablets of 200 mg twice daily). Mouth rinsing was performed twice a day (after breakfast and in the evening), for 60 s with 10 ml. Re-examination was performed after 14 days of experiment. After a 2-week "wash-out" period, the participants received a new PTC and a second 14-day experimental period was initiated. The experimental and "wash-out" periods were repeated until all volunteers had been involved in all three regimens. Dental plaque was scored using the Quigley & Hein Plaque Index system and gingivitis according to the Gingival Index (GI) system. Supragingival plaque was collected and prepared for dark-field microscopy. One hundred bacterial cells were counted and classified into six different groups: coccoid cells, straight rods, filaments, fusiforms, spirochetes and motile rods. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was collected from the same sites that were sampled for plaque. The volume of GCF collected in each strip was measured and analysed regarding content of lactoferrin and albumin. During the period when the panelists rinsed with saline they accumulated large amounts of plaque and developed marked signs of gingivitis. When they rinsed with chlorhexidine digluconate, small

  9. RESULTS OF THE INTERNATIONAL INTERLABORATORY COMPARISON OF MGMT PROMOTER METHYLATION ANALYSIS INVOLVING TWENTY-THREE ACADEMIC CENTERS IN GERMANY, AUSTRIA AND THE NETHERLANDS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reifenberger, Guido; Malzkorn, B.; Acker, T.; Bettstetter, M.; Buslei, R.; von Deimling, A.; Dietmaier, W.; Dubbink, H.J.; Eigenbrod, S.; Garvalov, B.K.; Gerstenmaier, U.; Giese, A.; Haase, D.; Hasselblatt, M.; Kirches, E.; Koch, A.; Marienfeld, R.; Mittelbronn, M.; Montesinos-Rongen, M.; Pagenstecher, A.; Riemenschneider, M.J.; Prinz, M.; Romeike, B.; Roos, A.; Spiegl-Kreinecker, S.; Schittenhelm, J.; Schlegel, J.; Thal, D.R.; Tops, B.B.J.; Weis, J.; Westphal, G.; Worm, K.; Felsberg, J.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Molecular testing for MGMT promoter methylation has become of clinical importance in the diagnostic assessment of malignant gliomas since test results may guide therapeutic decision making, in particular in elderly patients with glioblastoma. However, the patterns and extent of MGMT promoter methylation may vary from tumor to tumor, and standardized approaches for its routine diagnostic assessment are lacking. Thus, external quality assessment (EQA) measures are required to ensure accuracy and reproducibility of results across different laboratories. METHODS: We performed an interlaboratory comparison of MGMT promoter methylation analysis involving twenty-three academic institutions in Germany, Austria and the Netherlands. Two different test rounds were carried out, the first one using high molecular weight DNA extracted from frozen tissue samples of 20 tumors and the second one using formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections of 16 tumors. All samples were centrally retrieved from the CNS tumor tissue bank at Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf. Each participating center evaluated the same set of samples using the locally established methods. Results were centrally collected, together with information on the individual assays and the number of tests carried out per year. RESULTS: Methylation specific-PCR was the most commonly used method at the participating centers. Other less common techniques included pyrosequencing of bisulfite-modified DNA, MethyQESD (methylation-quantification of endonuclease-resistant DNA), MLPA (Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification), and PCR-based fragment analysis. MGMT testing results showed a good overall concordance across the participating laboratories for those tumors that either had strongly methylated or clearly unmethylated MGMT promoter sequences. However, poor concordance was obtained for cases with only weak or partial MGMT promoter methylation. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides an overview of the

  10. Drug-likeness approach of 2-aminopyrimidines as histamine H3 receptor ligands

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    Sadek B

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Bassem Sadek,1 Annemarie Schreeb,2 Johannes Stephan Schwed,2,3 Lilia Weizel,2 Holger Stark3 1Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates; 2Biocenter, Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Johann-Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany; 3Institute of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Heinrich Heine University, Duesseldorf, Germany Abstract: A small series of compounds containing derivatives of 2,4-diamino- and 2,4,6-triaminopyrimidine (compounds 2–7 was synthesized and tested for binding affinity to human histamine H3 receptors (hH3Rs stably expressed in HEK-293 cells and human H4Rs (hH4Rs co-expressed with Gαi2 and Gβ1γ2 subunits in Sf9 cells. Working in part from the lead compound 6-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl-N4-(3-(piperidin-1-ylpropylpyrimidine-2,4-diamine (compound 1 with unsatisfactory affinity and selectivity to hH3Rs, our structure-activity relationship studies revealed that replacement of 4-methylpiperazino by N-benzylamine and substitution of an amine group at the 2-position of the 2-aminopyrimidine core structure with 3-piperidinopropoxyphenyl moiety as an hH3R pharmacophore resulted in N4-benzyl-N2-(4-(3-(piperidin-1-ylpropoxyphenylpyrimidine-2,4-diamine (compound 5 with high hH3R affinity (ki =4.49±1.25 nM and H3R receptor subtype selectivity of more than 6,500×. Moreover, initial metric analyses were conducted based on their target-oriented drug-likeness for predictively quantifying lipophilicity, ligand efficiency, lipophilicity-dependent ligand efficiency, molecular size-independent efficiency, and topological molecular polar surface. As to the development of potential H3R ligands, results showed that integration of the hH3R pharmacophore in hH4R-affine structural scaffolds resulted in compounds with high hH3R affinity (4.5–650 nM, moderate to low hH4R affinity (4,500–30,000 nM, receptor subtype selectivity

  11. The effect of mouth rinse containing 0.1% cetylpyridinium chloride in the inhibition of dental plague formation in patients with simple gingivitis%西吡氯铵含漱液对牙龈炎菌斑形成的预防作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴军正; 周威; 万玲; 黄明霞; 杨宏林

    2004-01-01

    目的:目的:观察0.1%西吡氯铵含漱液对单纯性牙龈炎患者牙菌斑形成的抑制作用。方法:单纯性牙龈炎48例,随机分为2组,应用双盲法分别给予0.1%西吡氯铵含漱液(实验组)或爱诺天健含漱液(对照组)。(主要成分亦为0.1%西吡萌铵)。每天5次,晨起、睡前、饭后各一次,每次含15 ml,持续漱口60 s,漱口后1 h内禁饮食,7 d为一疗程。就诊当天(1 d)、4 d、8 d按照Quigley-Hein 指数(Turesky改良)测定菌斑指数。第1天行左侧半口上下颌牙齿洁治,第8天行右侧半口上下颌牙齿洁治。结果:实验组和对照组,每组各24例,年龄、性别、吸烟史分布无组间差异(P>0.05),基线检查菌斑指数无组间差异(P>0.05);中期检查实验组和对照组菌斑指数显著低于基线值(P0.05);终点检查实验组和对照组菌斑指数显著低于中期检查值(P0.05)。中期和终点检查左半口菌斑指数测量值与右半口测量值比较均显著减少(P<0.05)。结论:0.1%西吡氯铵含漱液可预防单纯性牙龈炎患者牙菌斑的形成。

  12. HbA1c for diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. Is there an optimal cut point to assess high risk of diabetes complications, and how well does the 6.5% cutoff perform?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kowall B

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Bernd Kowall, Wolfgang Rathmann Institute of Biometrics and Epidemiology, German Diabetes Center, Leibniz Center for Diabetes Research at Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany Abstract: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c has recently been recommended for the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM by leading diabetes organizations and by the World Health Organization. The most important reason to define T2DM is to identify subjects with high risk of diabetes complications who may benefit from treatment. This review addresses two questions: 1 to assess from existing studies whether there is an optimal HbA1c threshold to predict diabetes complications and 2 to assess how well the recommended 6.5% cutoff of HbA1c predicts diabetes complications. HbA1c cutoffs derived from predominantly cross-sectional studies on retinopathy differ widely from 5.2%–7.8%, and among other reasons, this is due to the heterogeneity of statistical methods and differences in the definition of retinopathy. From the few studies on other microvascular complications, HbA1c thresholds could not be identified. HbA1c cutoffs make less sense for the prediction of cardiovascular events (CVEs because CVE risks depend on various strong risk factors (eg, hypertension, smoking; subjects with low HbA1c levels but high values of CVE risk factors were shown to be at higher CVE risk than subjects with high HbA1c levels and low values of CVE risk factors. However, the recommended 6.5% threshold distinguishes well between subjects with and subjects without retinopathy, and this distinction is particularly strong in severe retinopathy. Thus, in existing studies, the prevalence of any retinopathy was 2.5 to 4.5 times as high in persons with HbA1c-defined T2DM as in subjects with HbA1c <6.5%. To conclude, from existing studies, a consistent optimal HbA1c threshold for diabetes complications cannot be derived, and the recommended 6.5% threshold has mainly been brought about

  13. Reduction of neutrophilic lung inflammation by inhalation of the compatible solute ectoine: a randomized trial with elderly individuals

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    Unfried K

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Klaus Unfried,1,* Ursula Krämer,1,* Ulrich Sydlik,1 Andrea Autengruber,1 Andreas Bilstein,2 Sabine Stolz,1 Alessandra Marini,1 Tamara Schikowski,1 Stefanie Keymel,3 Jean Krutmann1 1IUF Leibniz Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, 2bitop AG, Witten, 3Department of Cardiology, Pneumology and Angiology, Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Compatible solutes are natural substances that are known to stabilize cellular functions. Preliminary ex vivo and in vivo studies demonstrated that the compatible solute ectoine restores natural apoptosis rates of lung neutrophils and contributes to the resolution of lung inflammation. Due to the low toxicity and known compatibility of the substance, an inhalative application as an intervention strategy for humans suffering from diseases caused by neutrophilic inflammation, like COPD, had been suggested. As a first approach to test the feasibility and efficacy of such a treatment, we performed a population-based randomized trial.Objective: The objective of the study was to test whether the daily inhalation of the registered ectoine-containing medical device (Ectoin® inhalation solution leads to a reduction of neutrophilic cells and interleukin-8 (IL-8 levels in the sputum of persons with mild symptoms of airway disease due to lifelong exposure to environmental air pollution.Methods: A double-blinded placebo-controlled trial was performed to study the efficacy and safety of an ectoine-containing therapeutic. Prior to and after both inhalation periods, lung function, inflammatory parameters in sputum, serum markers, and quality-of-life parameters were determined.Results: While the other outcomes revealed no significant effects, sputum parameters were changed by the intervention. Nitrogen oxides (nitrate and nitrite were significantly reduced after ectoine inhalation with a mean quotient of 0.65 (95% confidence

  14. Barotite média em tripulantes da aviação civil

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    Bastos Adriana Geórgia Davim

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available O barotrauma da orelha média ou barotite média (BM é definido, segundo Armstrong & Hein, como uma inflamação traumática aguda ou crônica causada por alterações da pressão atmosférica. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é analisar os aspectos clínicos relacionados ao barotrauma da orelha média em tripulantes da aviação civil. DESENHO DO ESTUDO: Clínico retrospectivo. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Foram avaliados 17 casos de BM no período de dezembro de 2002 a setembro de 2003, entre tripulantes atendidos no ambulatório de ORL do serviço médico da Fundação Ruben Berta/RJ (FRB/RJ. Em revisão dos prontuários foram colhidos e analisados dados relacionados ao sexo, idade, quadro clínico, evolução e tratamento. RESULTADOS: No total dos casos, 11 eram homens e 6 mulheres; idade média de 37,3 anos. Todos apresentaram otalgia durante a descida do avião. Catorze pacientes (82,4% apresentavam queixa de plenitude aural. Zumbidos ocorreram em 2 pacientes. No momento do vôo, onze pacientes (64,7% apresentavam quadro sugestivo de infecção de vias aéreas superiores associada. O barotrauma foi de grau 1 de Teed em 17,6% dos casos, grau 2 em 58,8% dos casos e 23,6% grau 3. Nenhum paciente apresentou BM grau 4. O tratamento foi conservador em todos os casos, sendo preferida à utilização de antibióticos, corticosteróides e descongestionantes, por via oral. CONCLUSÃO: A BM é uma doença peculiar à medicina aeroespacial e a otorrinolaringologia. A compreensão da fisiopatologia e mecanismos de prevenção do barotrauma da orelha média é fundamental para manejo adequado destes pacientes.

  15. Enantiomer-selective pharmacokinetics, oral bioavailability, and sex effects of various alpha-lipoic acid dosage forms

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    Hermann R

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Robert Hermann,1 Julius Mungo,2 Peter Jürgen Cnota,2 Dan Ziegler3 1Clinical Research Appliance (cr appliance, Gelnhausen, Germany; 2MEDA Pharma GmbH & Co KG, Bad Homburg, Germany; 3Institute for Clinical Diabetology, German Diabetes Center, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany Abstract: The present study aimed to examine the enantiomer-selective pharmacokinetics (PK, relative bioavailability (Frel, and sex effects of various oral dosage forms of racemic alpha-lipoic acid (ALA. In an open-label, randomized, four-period, four-sequence crossover study, 24 healthy adult subjects (12 males and 12 females received single doses of 600 mg of ALA in fasted state at four different occasions as follows: three 200 mg tablets (T 200; two 300 mg tablets (T 300; one 600 mg tablet (T 600; and a racemic ALA solution (OS. All tablet formulations (Thioctacid HR were considered test treatments, while the OS (Thioctacid, 600 T served as the reference treatment. Serial blood samples were collected over 8 hours postdose to quantify R-(+- and S-(–-ALA enantiomer plasma concentrations for the PK evaluation. The maximum observed plasma concentration (Cmax and total exposure (area under the curve [AUC]0–t were compared between treatments by analysis of variance. Weight-normalized Cmax and the AUC data of male and female study subjects were applied to examine the presence of sex effects. All treatments displayed rapid absorption of both enantiomers with median time to maximum concentration (tmax values ranging from 0.33–0.5 hours. The Frel of all tablet formulations was comparable, with R-(+-enantiomer Cmax test/reference ratios ranging from 36% (T 600 to 43% (T 200, and R-(+-enantiomer AUC test/reference ratios ranging from 64% (T 600 to 79% (T 300, indicating a favorable Frel of all tablet formulations, especially in terms of the total extent of absorption (AUC. An examination of weight-normalized female/male Cmax and AUC sex ratios for both ALA

  16. Non-imidazole-based histamine H3 receptor antagonists with anticonvulsant activity in different seizure models in male adult rats

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    Sadek B

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Bassem Sadek,1 Ali Saad,1 Gniewomir Latacz,2 Kamil Kuder,2 Agnieszka Olejarz,2 Tadeusz Karcz,2 Holger Stark,3 Katarzyna Kieć-Kononowicz2 1Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates; 2Department of Technology and Biotechnology of Drugs, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland; 3Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Institute of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany Abstract: A series of twelve novel non-imidazole-based ligands (3–14 was developed and evaluated for its in vitro binding properties at the human histamine H3 receptor (hH3R. The novel ligands were investigated for their in vivo protective effects in different seizure models in male adult rats. Among the H3R ligands (3–14 tested, ligand 14 showed significant and dose-dependent reduction in the duration of tonic hind limb extension in maximal electroshock (MES-induced seizure model subsequent to acute systemic administration (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg, intraperitoneally, whereas ligands 4, 6, and 7 without appreciable protection in MES model were most promising in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ model. Moreover, the protective effect observed for ligand 14 in MES model was lower than that observed for the reference drug phenytoin and was entirely abrogated when rats were co-administered with the brain-penetrant H1R antagonist pyrilamine (PYR but not the brain-penetrant H2R antagonist zolantidine (ZOL, demonstrating that histaminergic neurotransmission by activation of postsynaptically located H1Rs seems to be involved in the protective action. On the contrary, PYR and ZOL failed to abrogate the full protection provided by 4 in PTZ model and the moderate protective effect by 14 in strychnine (STR model. Moreover, the experimental and in silico estimation of properties such as metabolism was

  17. The clinical efficacy of Colgate Total Plus Whitening Toothpaste containing a special grade of silica and Colgate Total Fresh Stripe Toothpaste in the control of plaque and gingivitis: a six-month clinical study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Donald R; Battista, Guido W; Petrone, Dolores M; Petrone, Margaret E; Chaknis, Patricia; DeVizio, William; Volpe, Anthony R

    2002-01-01

    The objective of this six-month, placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical study, conducted in harmony with American Dental Association guidelines, was to provide an assessment of the effectiveness of a new dentifrice formulation of Colgate Total Toothpaste containing a special grade of silica (Colgate Total Plus Whitening Toothpaste), vs. Colgate Total Fresh Stripe Toothpaste as a control, and a placebo dentifrice without triclosan and the copolymer, for the control of supragingival dental plaque and gingivitis. Adult male and female subjects from the state of New Jersey were entered into the study, and stratified into three treatment groups which were balanced for baseline Quigley-Hein Plaque Index scores and baseline Löe-Silness Gingival Index scores. Subjects received an oral prophylaxis, and were instructed to brush their teeth twice daily (morning and evening) for one minute with their assigned dentifrice, using a soft-bristled toothbrush. Examinations for supragingival plaque and gingivitis were conducted after three-months' and again after six-months' participation in the study. One-hundred ten (110) subjects complied with the protocol and completed the entire six-month clinical study. At both the three- and six-month study examinations, the Colgate Total Plus Whitening Toothpaste group and the Colgate Total Fresh Stripe Toothpaste group exhibited statistically significantly less supragingival plaque and gingivitis than did the placebo toothpaste group. At the six-month examination, the magnitude of these differences exceeded 23.0% for all four parameters measured in the Colgate Total Plus Whitening Toothpaste group (29.9% for Plaque Index, 59.2% for Plaque Severity Index, 23.2% for Gingival Index, and 75.1% for Gingivitis Severity Index). Also, at the six-month examination, the magnitude of these differences exceeded 21.0% for each of the four parameters measured in the Colgate Total Fresh Stripe Toothpaste group (27.9% for Plaque Index, 54.9% for Plaque

  18. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. van Goor

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available - Peter Boomgaard, Christine Dobbin, Asian entrepreneurial minorities; Conjoint communities in the making of the world economy, 1570-1940. Richmond: Curzon Press, 1996, xiii + 246 pp. [Nordic Institute of Asian Studies Monograph Series 71.] - Ian Brown, Fukuda Shozo, With sweat and abacus; Economic roles of Southeast Asian Chinese on the eve of World War II, edited by George Hicks. Singapore: Select Books, 1995, xii + 246 pp. - Ian Brown, George Hicks, Chinese organisations in Southeast Asia in the 1930s. Singapore: Select Books, 1996, xv + 168 pp. - Matthew I. Cohen, Laurie J. Sears, Shadows of empire; Colonial discourse and Javanese tales. Durham/London: Duke University Press, 1996, xxi + 349 pp. - J. van Goor, Anthony Reid, Southeast Asia in the age of commerce 1450-1680. Vol. II: Expansion and crisis. New Haven/London: Yale University Press, 1993, xv + 390 pp. - J. van Goor, Anthony Reid, Southeast Asia in the age of commerce 1450-1680. Vol. I: The lands below the winds. New Haven/London: Yale University Press, 1988, xvi + 275 pp. - David Henley, Saya S. Shiraishi, Young heroes; The Indnesian family in politics. Ithaca/New York: Southeast Asia Program, Cornell University, Southeast Asia Program Publications, 1997, 183 pp. [Studies on Southeast Asia 22.] - Gerrit Knaap, P. Jobse, Bronnen betreffende de Midden-Molukken 1900-1942. Den Haag: Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis, 1997. 4 volumes. Rijks Geschiedkundige Publicatiën, Kleine Serie, 81, 82, 83, 84. Volume 1 bewerkt door P. Jobse, 2 en 3 door Ch.F. van Fraassen, 4 door Ch.F van Fraassen en P. Jobse. xii + 578, xii + 578, xii + 711, x + 655, xi + 261 pp., Ch. F. van Fraassen (eds. - Indro Nugroho-Heins, Clara Brakel-Papenhuyzen, Classical Javanese dance; The Surakarta tradition and its terminology. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1995, xi + 252 pp. [Verhandelingen 155.] - László Sluimers, Shigeru Sato, War, nationalism and peasants; Java under the Japanese occupation, 1942-1945. Armonk, New

  19. EDITORIAL: Computational materials science Computational materials science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahl, Gerhard; Kresse, Georg

    2011-10-01

    Special issue in honour of Jürgen Hafner On 30 September 2010, Jürgen Hafner, one of the most prominent and influential members within the solid state community, retired. His remarkably broad scientific oeuvre has made him one of the founding fathers of modern computational materials science: more than 600 scientific publications, numerous contributions to books, and a highly cited monograph, which has become a standard reference in the theory of metals, witness not only the remarkable productivity of Jürgen Hafner but also his impact in theoretical solid state physics. In an effort to duly acknowledge Jürgen Hafner's lasting impact in this field, a Festsymposium was held on 27-29 September 2010 at the Universität Wien. The organizers of this symposium (and authors of this editorial) are proud to say that a large number of highly renowned scientists in theoretical condensed matter theory—co-workers, friends and students—accepted the invitation to this celebration of Hafner's jubilee. Some of these speakers also followed our invitation to submit their contribution to this Festschrift, published in Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, a journal which Jürgen Hafner served in 2000-2003 and 2003-2006 as a member of the Advisory Editorial Board and member of the Executive Board, respectively. In the subsequent article, Volker Heine, friend and co-worker of Jürgen Hafner over many decades, gives an account of Hafner's impact in the field of theoretical condensed matter physics. Computational materials science contents Theoretical study of structural, mechanical and spectroscopic properties of boehmite (γ-AlOOH) D Tunega, H Pašalić, M H Gerzabek and H Lischka Ethylene epoxidation catalyzed by chlorine-promoted silver oxide M O Ozbek, I Onal and R A Van Santen First-principles study of Cu2ZnSnS4 and the related band offsets for photovoltaic applicationsA Nagoya, R Asahi and G Kresse Renormalization group study of random quantum magnetsIstván A Kovács and

  20. Anxiolytic and antidepressant-like activities of the novel and potent non-imidazole histamine H3 receptor antagonist ST-1283

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahi A

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Amine Bahi,1,* Johannes Stephan Schwed,2,3 Miriam Walter,2 Holger Stark,3 Bassem Sadek,4,* 1Department of Anatomy, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates; 2Institut für Pharmazeutische Chemie, Biozentrum, Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt, 3Heinrich Heine University Duesseldorf, Institut fuer Pharmazeutische and Medizinische Chemie, Düsseldorf, Germany; 4Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Previous studies have suggested a potential link between histamine H3 receptors (H3R signaling and anxiolytic-like and antidepressant-like effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effects of ST-1283, a novel H3R antagonist, on anxiety-related and depression-related behaviors in comparison with those of diazepam and fluoxetine. The effects of ST-1283 were evaluated using the elevated plus maze test, open field test, marbles burying test, tail suspension test, novelty suppressed feeding test, and forced swim test in male C57BL/6 mice. The results showed that, like diazepam, ST-1283 (7.5 mg/kg significantly modified all the parameters observed in the elevated plus maze test. In addition, ST-1283 significantly increased the amount of time spent in the center of the arena without altering general motor activity in the open field test. In the same vein, ST-1283 reduced the number of buried marbles as well as time spent digging in the marbles burying test. The tail suspension test and forced swim test showed that ST-1283 was able to reduce immobility time, like the recognized antidepressant drug fluoxetine. In the novelty suppressed feeding test, treatment with ST-1283 decreased latency to feed with no effect on food intake in the home cage. Importantly, pretreatment with the H3R agonist R

  1. 大鼠离体心肌缺血再灌注时内源性血红素氧合酶-1/一氧化碳反应体系的变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENGXiangsheng; CAOLinsheng; WANGshiwen

    2005-01-01

    Objective To investigate the influence of ischemic reperfusion and ischemic preconditioning on the cardiac structure and function and markers of myocardial injury, especialy on the heine oxygenase-1/carbon monoxide HO-1/CO reactive system. Methods Mode of langendorff was used in isolated rat hearts with retrograde perfusion. Ischemic reperfusion protocol: perfusion for 60 minutes, stopping perfusion for 30 minutes and reperfusion for 30 minutes. Ischemic preconditioning protocol: perfusion for 30 minutes, stopping perfusion for 5 minutes and reperfusion for 5 minutes and repeating three times, stopping perfusion for 30 minutes and reperfusion for 30 minutes. Control protocol: perfusion 120minutes. HO-1 enzyme activity and HbCO levels in myocardium of each group were measured at reperfusion 30minutes. The HO-1 mRNA and protein expression in rat left ventricular myocardium after reperfusion 30 min were examined by RT-PCR and werstern blotting and immunohistochemistry. Indexes of Cardiac Function were recorded in control group, ischemia and reperfusion group(IR) and ischemic preconditioning group (IPC). Indexes of cardiac injury and cardiac oxidative activity were examined. The changes of myocardial structure were checked up by electron microscopy. Results At reperfusion 30min, the indexes of cardiac function in IPC group were significantly higher than that in IR group (P<0.01), but lower than that in control group(P<0.05) and recovery percentage of cardiac function showed the same changes. The activity of HO-1 and the contents of HbCO in myocardium were increased significantly in IR and IPC(P<0.01), but that of IPC were higher (P<0.01). The expression of HO-1 mRNA and Protein in myocardium were also increased significantly in IR and IPC (P<0.01),but that of IPC were higher (P<0.01). The contents of LDH and total CK and MDA were significantly decreased in IPC Compared to IR (P<0.01) and the activity of SOD were increased remarkably in IPC (P<0.01) and there were

  2. Effects of consuming alcohol mixed with energy drinks versus consuming alcohol only on overall alcohol consumption and negative alcohol-related consequences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Haan L

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Lydia de Haan,1 Hein A de Haan,2,3 Job van der Palen,4,5 Berend Olivier,1 Joris C Verster11Utrecht University, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Division of Pharmacology, Utrecht, 2Tactus Addiction Treatment, Deventer, 3Nijmegen Institute for Scientist-Practitioners in Addiction, Nijmegen, 4Medical School Twente, Medisch Spectrum Twente, Enschede, 5Department of Research Methodology, Measurement, and Data Analysis, University of Twente, Enschede, The NetherlandsBackground: The aim of this study was to examine differences in alcohol consumption and its consequences when consumed alone and when mixed with energy drinks.Methods: A survey was conducted among Dutch students at Utrecht University and the College of Utrecht. We collected data on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related consequences of alcohol consumed alone and/or alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AMED. The data were analyzed using a retrospective within-subject design, comparing occasions when subjects consumed AMED with those when they consumed alcohol only in the past 30 days.Results: A representative sample of 6002 students completed the survey, including 1239 who consumed AMED. Compared with consuming alcohol only, when consuming AMED, students consumed significantly fewer alcoholic drinks on an average drinking day (6.0 versus 5.4, respectively, and reported significantly fewer drinking days in the previous month (9.2 versus 1.4, significantly fewer days being drunk (1.9 versus 0.5, and significantly fewer occasions of consuming more than four (female/five (male alcoholic drinks (4.7 versus 0.9. The maximum number of mixed alcoholic drinks (4.5 in the previous month was significantly lower when compared with occasions when they consumed alcohol only (10.7. Accordingly, the mean duration of a drinking session was significantly shorter when mixing alcoholic drinks (4.0 versus 6.0 hours. Finally, when consuming AMED, significantly fewer alcohol-related consequences were

  3. Treatment of infrabony pocket with a collagen membrane supported by cancellous bovine bone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mauro, S; Orlando, L

    2001-06-01

    Treatment of infrabony pockets with guided tissue regeneration (GTR) methods using absorbable membranes supported by bone substitutes has gained wide acceptance. Our objective is to observe the clinical variations obtained with the use of these materials in a prospective clinical study. Nine patients were treated with GTR at nine infrabony pockets using a double layered collagen membrane and deproteinized cancellous bovine bone associated with root conditioning by application of tetracycline-HCl. The nine patients included in this study had adult periodontitis, were non-smokers and responded well to initial therapy. The sites evaluated had probing pocket depths of at least 5 mm and an angular defect of at least 2 mm. The clinical parameters considered were probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL) and gingival recession (REC). Some indexes were also evaluated: the modified Quigley and Hein's Plaque index (PI), O'Leary's bleeding index (FMBS) and the Löe and Sillness gingival index (GI). These parameters were measured one week before surgery and at the control visit after an average of 22.9 months. After the removal of the sutures on the eighth day the patients received professional oral hygene every four months at their private dentists' offices. The baseline and the final measurements were compared with the Student OtO-test to verify the statistical significance of this case series. The mean values of PI, FMBS and GI remained unvaried (p>0.05). Results showed an average decrease in PPD of 4.0+/-2.7 mm (p=0.0002), an average increase of CAL of 4.1+/-2.1 mm (p=0.0001) and an average decrease in recession of 0.2+/-1.2 mm (p=0.594). The value of statistical significance was set at p=0.05. We can conclude that the materials used in this study behaved well clinically and that the surgical technique described has given results that, within the limits of the number of cases reported, has modified the PPD and CAL in a significant manner.

  4. Organic electrospun nanofibers as vehicles toward intelligent pheromone dispensers: characterization by laboratory investigations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindner, I; Hein, D F; Breuer, M; Hummel, H E; Deuker, A; Vilcinskas, A; Leithold, G; Hellmann, C; Dersch, R; Wendorff, J H; Greiner, A

    2011-01-01

    Organic nanofibers have a history of technical application in various independent fields, including medical technology, filtration technology, and applications of pharmaceuticals via inhalation into the lungs. Very recently, in a joint effort with polymer chemists, agricultural applications have been added to this list of priorities. The aim is finding novel approaches to insect control. Pheromones, dispensed in a quantifiable way, are being used here in disrupting the mating communication between male and female pest insects, e.g. the European grapevine moth Lobesia botrana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), where current dispenser technology does not fully meet the high expectations of growers and environmentalists with respect to longevity of constant release, self decomposition, mechanical distribution, renewability as well as sustainability of resources. The methodology of electrospinning is exhaustively covered by Greiner and Wendorff (2007), with technical details reported by Hellmann et al. (2009), Hein et al. (2011), and Hummel et al. (2010). Wind tunnel studies were run within a tunnel with adjustable laminar flow and 0.5 m/sec air velocity. Mass losses of the electrospun fiber bundles were determined with a sensitive analytical balance 2-3 times per week and recorded as time vs. mass change. CLSA experiments were performed with a self developed glass apparatus (Lindner, 2010) based on various suggestions of previous authors. Microgram quantities of volatile pheromone (E,Z)-7,9-Dodecadienylacetate were absorbed on a filter of rigorously purified charcoal and desorbed by repeated micro extraction with a suitable solvent mixture. Aliquots of the solution were subjected to temperature programmed capillary GLC. Retention times were used for identification, whereas the area covered by the pheromone peak originating from a FID detector signal was integrated and compared with a carefully calibrated standard peak. Since these signals were usually in the low nanogram

  5. The effect of a polyhexamethylene biguanide mouthrinse compared with a triclosan rinse and a chlorhexidine rinse on bacterial counts and 4-day plaque re-growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welk, A; Splieth, C H; Schmidt-Martens, G; Schwahn, Ch; Kocher, Th; Kramer, A; Rosin, M

    2005-05-01

    For various clinical applications, polyhexamethylene biguanide hydrochloride (PHMB) has been used for many years as an antiseptic in medicine. Recently, a 0.04% and a 0.12% PHMB mouthwash were shown to inhibit plaque re-growth and to reduce oral bacterial counts. In this study, a 0.2% PHMB mouthrinse (A) was compared with a positive control 0.12% aqueous chlorhexidine solution (B), a commercially available 0.3% triclosan/2.0% polyvinyl methyl ether maleic acid copolymer mouthrinse (Colgate Total Plax) (C), and a negative control placebo rinse (10% ethanol, flavour) (D). The controlled clinical study was a double blind, randomized, four replicate cross - over design. Plaque re-growth was assessed with the Turesky et al. (1970) modification of the Quigley & Hein (1962) plaque index. The antibacterial effect was assessed by taking bacterial counts on the tooth surface (smears from the buccal surface of 16/26) and mucosa (smears from the buccal mucosa in opposite of area 16/26) after the professional prophylaxis and after the first rinse with the preparations on day 1 and prior to the clinical examination on day 5. Sixteen volunteers participated and, on day 1 of each study period were rendered plaque-free, ceased toothcleaning, and rinsed twice daily with the allocated mouthrinse. On day 5, plaque was scored and smears were collected according to the protocol. A 10-day wash-out period was carried out between each rinse evaluation. Data were analysed using ancova with Bonferroni HSD adjustment for multiple comparisons (colony forming units per sample) with a significance level alpha=0.05. The 0.2% PHMB mouthrinse (A) was significantly better at inhibiting plaque than the placebo (D), but significant less effective than the 0.12% aqueous chlorhexidine solution (B). There is no significant difference between A and the 0.3% triclosan/2.0% copolymer mouthrinse (C). Bacterial count reductions (tooth surface and mucosa) with PHMB (A) were significantly greater compared with

  6. Co-firing of coal with biomass and waste in full-scale suspension-fired boilers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dam-Johansen, Kim; Frandsen, Flemming J.; Jensen, Peter A.; Jensen, Anker D. [Technical Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby (Denmark). Dept. of chemical and Biochemical Engineering

    2013-07-01

    The energy policy in Denmark has for many years focused on lowering the net CO{sub 2} emission from heat and power production by replacing fossil fuels by renewable resources. This has been done by developing dedicated grate-fired boilers for biomass and waste fuels but also by developing coal-based suspension-fired boilers to accept still higher fractions of biomass or waste material as fuels. This last development has been challenging of many reasons, including pre-treatment of fuels, and solving potential emission and operational problems during the simultaneous development of supercritical steam cycles with steam temperatures close to 600 C, providing power efficiencies close to 50% (Hein KRG, Sustainable energy supply and environment protection - strategies, resources and technologies. In: Gupta R, Wall T, Hupa M, Wigley F, Tillman D, Frandsen FJ (eds) Proceedings of international conference on impact of fuel quality on power production and the environment, Banff Conference Centre, Banff, Alberta, Canada, 29 Sept-4 Oct, 2008). For 25 years the CHEC (Combustion and Harmful Emission Control) Research Centre at DTU Chemical Engineering, has attained a leading role in research, supporting power producing industry, plant owners and boiler manufacturers to optimize design and operation and minimize cost and environmental impact using alternative fuels in suspension fired boilers. Our contribution has been made via a combination of full-scale measuring campaigns, pilot-scale studies, lab-scale measurements and modeling tools. The research conducted has addressed many issues important for co-firing, i.e. fuel processing, ash induced boiler deposit formation and corrosion, boiler chamber fuel conversion and emission formation, influence on flue gas cleaning equipment and the utilization of residual products. This chapter provides an overview of research activities, aiming at increasing biomass shares during co-firing in suspension, conducted in close collaboration with

  7. 2. Sino-German workshop on fuel cells. Book of abstracts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    The CD-ROM contains the content of 13 lectures and 19 proposals for joint projects, which were presented on the second Sino-German Workshop on fuel cells. The topics of the 13 lectures are: Ab-initio calculations of oxygen species on low-index platinum surfaces (Pachenko, M.T.M. Koper, T.E. Shubina, S.J. Mitchell, E. Roduner). Cross-Linked (Composite) Polyaryl Blend Membranes for Membrane Fuel Cells. (J.A. Kerres, A. Ullrich, W. Zhang, M. Hein, V. Gogel, L. Joerissen, Th. Frey, A. Friedrich). Performance and Methanol Permeation of Direct Methanol Fuel Cells: Dependence on Operating Conditions and on Electrode Structure(V. Gogel, Th. Frey, K.A. Friedrich, L. Joerissen, J. Garche, Z. Yongsheng). Experimental Investigation of Flow Bed Configuration Effect on Performance of Liquid Feed Direct Methanol Fuel Cells. (H. Guo, C.F. Ma, M.H. Wang, F. Ye, J. Yu, Y. Wang, C.Y. Wang). Improvement of MEAs for DMFC by a tuned production sequence assisted by mathematical modelling (Lindermeir, G. Rosenthal, U. Kunz, U. Hoffmann). Performance of the self-breathing air DMFC with solution grafted PVDF-g-PSSA membranes (X. Qiu, G. Guo, W. Li, W. Zhu, L. Chen). Modeling the Effects of Methanol Crossover on DMFC (J. Zhang, Y. Wang). The characteristics of 40 kW PEM fuel cell engine for vehicle(M. Hou, P. Ming, H. Zhang). A New and Simple Method for Preparing Biocathode in Biofuel Cells (D. Sun, C. Cai, X. Li, W. Xing, T. Lu). Nonlinear Model Reduction of a Dynamic Two-dimensional Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell Model (M. Mangold, M. Sheng). Recent Advances in Design and Fabrication of Low-Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (C. Xia, G. Meng). Novel CVD Techniques for Micro- and IT-SOFC Fabrication (G. Meng, H. Song, Q. Dong, D. Peng). Fundamental properties of La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.2}O{sub 3-{delta}} at high temperatures (S. Wang, T.-L. Wen).

  8. Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of acetylsalicylic acid after intravenous and oral administration to healthy volunteers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagelschmitz J

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available J Nagelschmitz,1 M Blunck,1 J Kraetzschmar,1 M Ludwig,1 G Wensing,1 T Hohlfeld2 1Bayer HealthCare AG, Clinical Pharmacology, Wuppertal, Germany; 2Institut für Pharmakologie und Klinische Pharmakologie, Heinrich-Heine Universität Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany Background: The pharmacology of single doses of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA administered intravenously (250 or 500 mg or orally (100, 300, or 500 mg was evaluated in a randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Methods: Blood and urine samples were collected before and up to 24 hours after administration of ASA in 22 healthy volunteers. Pharmacokinetic parameters and measurements of platelet aggregation were determined using validated techniques. Results: A comparison between administration routes showed that the geometric mean dose-corrected peak concentrations (Cmax/D and the geometric mean dose-corrected area under the curve (AUC0–∞/D were higher following intravenous administration of ASA 500 mg compared with oral administration (estimated ratios were 11.23 and 2.03, respectively. Complete inhibition of platelet aggregation was achieved within 5 minutes with both intravenous ASA doses, reflecting a rapid onset of inhibition that was not observed with oral dosing. At 5 minutes after administration, the mean reduction in arachidonic acid-induced thromboxane B2 synthesis ex vivo was 99.3% with ASA 250 mg intravenously and 99.7% with ASA 500 mg intravenously. In exploratory analyses, thromboxane B2 synthesis was significantly lower after intravenous versus oral ASA 500 mg (P<0.0001 at each observed time point up to the first hour after administration. Concentrations of 6-keto-prostaglandin1α at 5 and 20 minutes after dosing were also significantly lower with ASA 500 mg intravenously than with ASA 500 mg orally. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that intravenous ASA provides more rapid and consistent platelet inhibition than oral ASA within the first hour after dosing

  9. The heat capacity and enthalpy of condensed UO 2: Critical review and assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyland, G. J.; Ohse, R. W.

    1986-09-01

    Having established the role of the heat capacity, Cp( T), of condensed UO 2 in various FBR accident scenarios, e.g. HCDA and PAHR, and having noted the unsatisfactory state of present knowledge concerning this basic thermophysical property of the fuel, all existing enthalpy and heat capacity data are collated and assessed, and certain recommendations made. The conventional method of obtaining Cp( T) by analytical differentiation of some adopted fit to this enthalpy data is then critically examined. The attendant problems are illustrated both for solid UO 2, where the contribution to Cp( T) from the weak, sigmoidal, enthalpy structure (which is just discernible in the data of Hein and Flagella) is missed and for molten UO 2, where not even the direction of the trend of Cp( T) with T can be definitively established, resulting, upon extrapolation to 5000 K, in Cp values which can differ by as much as 60 J mol -1K -1. Some recent progress towards a more acceptable, "model-independent" approach, known as quasi-local linear regression (QLLR), is then reviewed and applied to enthalpy data of UO 2 on both sides of its melting point, Tm. In the case of solid UO 2, a pronounced heat capacity peak, extending over about 100 K and centred on 2610 K., is revealed, whose magnitude and location is very similar to that found in other fluorite structured materials near 0.8 Tm wherein it indicates a (Bredig) transition to a state characterised by giant ionic conductivities. Whilst it is impossible to establish any definite T-dependence for the Cp(QLLR) values in molten UO 2, the tendency to slightly decrease appears to marginally outweigh the converse, in qualitative accord with the dependence advocated by Hoch and Vernardakis. In the post-transitional region Tt< T< Tm the opposite holds, as is necessary for consistency between the independently established T-dependences of the thermal conductivity and diffusivity, which requires that Cp( T) increases with T faster than the density

  10. Recommendations for managing cutaneous disorders associated with advancing age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humbert P

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Philippe Humbert,1 Brigitte Dréno,2 Jean Krutmann,3 Thomas Anton Luger,4 Raoul Triller,5 Sylvie Meaume,6 Sophie Seité71Research and Studies Centre on the Integument (CERT, Clinical Investigation Centre (CIC BT506, Department of Dermatology, Besançon University Hospital, University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France; 2Department of Dermato-Cancerology, Nantes University Hospital, Nantes, France; 3IUF-Leibniz Research Institute for Environmental Medicine, Heinrich-Heine-University, Düsseldorf, Germany; 4Department of Dermatology, University of Münster, Münster, Germany; 5International Centre of Dermatology, Hertford British Hospital, Levallois, France; 6Geriatric Service, Wounds and Healing, Rothschild Hôspital, Paris, France; 7La Roche-Posay Dermatological Laboratories, Asnières, FranceAbstract: The increasingly aged population worldwide means more people are living with chronic diseases, reduced autonomy, and taking various medications. Health professionals should take these into consideration when managing dermatological problems in elderly patients. Accordingly, current research is investigating the dermatological problems associated with the loss of cutaneous function with age. As cell renewal slows, the physical and chemical barrier function declines, cutaneous permeability increases, and the skin becomes increasingly vulnerable to external factors. In geriatric dermatology, the consequences of cutaneous aging lead to xerosis, skin folding, moisture-associated skin damage, and impaired wound healing. These problems pose significant challenges for both the elderly and their carers. Most often, nurses manage skin care in the elderly. However, until recently, little attention has been paid to developing appropriate, evidence-based, skincare protocols. The objective of this paper is to highlight common clinical problems with aging skin and provide some appropriate advice on cosmetic protocols for managing them. A review of the

  11. Comparison of triclosan and stannous fluoride dentifrices on parameters of gingival inflammation and plaque scores: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sälzer, S; Slot, D E; Dörfer, C E; Van der Weijden, G A

    2015-02-01

    To systematically review the literature to compare the efficacy of triclosan (Tcs) and stannous fluoride (SnF) dentifrices on parameters of gingivitis and plaque scores. Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched up to March 2013 to identify appropriate studies. Studies regarding self-performed manual brushing by adults with a minimum 4 weeks of follow-up were included. Primary outcomes were parameters of gingivitis. Secondary outcome was plaque score. Of 55 publications, 11 met the eligibility criteria. Additionally, four unpublished papers were added after contacting the manufacturers of the leading brands. In total, 15 studies [10 medium term and five long term (>6 months)] were processed for data analysis. There was no difference in gingival index (or its modification) between the two types of dentifrice [DiffM-0.04, 95% confidence interval CI (-0.11; 0.04); P = 0.34]. The change in the average gingival bleeding score was significantly in favour of SnF [DiffM0.02, 95% CI (0.01; 0.02); P < 0.00001]. Plaque scores demonstrated a statistical significant difference in favour of Tcs, according to Quigley-Hein Plaque Index (Q&H PI; DiffM-0.29, 95% CI [-0.45; -0.13]; P = 0.0004), but there was no difference according to Rustogi Modified Navy Plaque Index (RMNPI) [DiffM-0.09, 95% CI (-0.01; 0.18); P = 0.07]. Long-term results supported these findings. In the context of inconclusive results for the primary outcome variable of gingival health, it can be concluded that there was a minor and most likely clinically insignificant difference between Tcs- and SnF-containing dentifrices. Meta-analysis of plaque score reduction was also inconclusive; whereas Tcs was more effective when assessed by the Q&H PI, it was not when scored with the RMNPI. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Computer Vision Syndrome in Eleven to Eighteen-Year-Old Students in Qazvin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalaj

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Background Prolonged use of computers can lead to complications such as eye strain, eye and head aches, double and blurred vision, tired eyes, irritation, burning and itching eyes, eye redness, light sensitivity, dry eyes, muscle strains, and other problems. Objectives The aim of the present study was to evaluate visual problems and major symptoms, and their associations among computer users, aged between 11 and 18 years old, residing in the Qazvin city of Iran, during year 2010. Patients and Methods This cross-sectional study was done on 642 secondary to pre university students who had referred to the eye clinic of Buali hospital of Qazvin during year 2013. A questionnaire consisting of demographic information and 26 questions on visual effects of the computer was used to gather information. Participants answered all questions and then underwent complete eye examinations and in some cases cycloplegic refraction. Visual acuity (VA was measured with a logMAR in six meters. Refraction errors were determined using an auto refractometer (Potece and Heine retinoscope. The collected data was then analyzed using the SPSS statistical software. Results The results of this study indicated that 63.86% of the subjects had refractive errors. Refractive errors were significantly different in children of different genders (P < 0.05. The most common complaints associated with the continuous use of computers were eyestrain, eye pain, eye redness, headache, and blurred vision. The most prevalent (81.8% eye-related problem in computer users was eyestrain and the least prevalent was dry eyes (7.84%. In order to reduce computer related problems 54.2% of the participants suggested taking enough rest, 37.9% recommended use of computers only for necessary tasks, while 24.4% and 19.1% suggested the use of monitor shields and proper working distance, respectively. Conclusions Our findings revealed that using computers for prolonged periods of time can lead to eye

  13. [Sensitivity, precision and resolution of the optical microscope in the study of environmental pollution by asbestos fibers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maddalon, G; Patroni, M; Trimarchi, R; Clerici, C; Occella, E

    1991-01-01

    The authors comment on the methods and equipment used in two Italian laboratories for sampling and microscopic phase contrast analysis of asbestos and other respirable fibres in the air of the general environment, i.e., the Dust Analysis Laboratory, Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology Department of the Institute of Occupational Health (Clinica del Lavoro), University of Milan and the Technical Microscopy Laboratory, Ground Resources and Land Control (Georisorse e Territorio) Department of Turin Polytechnic, which use identical methods. Airborne dust samples are taken with personal samplers, 1 l/min air flow (sample duration 4-8 h), filtering air on 25 mm diameter, 0.8 micropore cellulose filters (about 300 mm total net surface of dust deposit). The following equipment is used for counting and analysis of fibres: a) Clinica del Lavoro, Milan: Polyvar Reichert-Jung microscope, 500 magnitudes, Zernike positive phase contrast; numerical counting on 100 whole ocular fields, equal to 6.38% of the total net surface of dust deposit on the membrane; b) Turin Polytechnic: Leitz Ortholux microscope, 500 magnitudes, Heine and Zernike phase contrast with mean standard contrast; numerical counting on square grid, with explored surface total equal to 1.68% of the total net surface of dust deposit on the membrane. Measurements performed: Clinica del Lavoro, Milan: 2,980 since 1960; Turin Polytechnic: 875 since 1965. The sensitivity of the methods for counting airborne fibres is discussed, concluding that the methods used by the two laboratories have a sensitivity between 0.05 and 1.6 fibre/litre of air, according to the overall dustiness of the environment under study. Analysis of the accuracy of the optic determinations, based on the repeated counts, shows a repeatability of 0.4 (40%) within 95% confidence limits. A resolution power of 0.35 microns is reported; however, the possibility exists (and is normally achieved in analytical practice in both laboratories) of identifying and

  14. Fluid Inclusion characteristics of syn-late orogenic Co-Ni-Cu-Au deposits in the Siegerland District of the Rhenish Massif, Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wohlgemuth, Christoph; Hellmann, André; Meyer, Franz Michael

    2013-04-01

    The Siegerland District is located in the fold-and-thrust-belt of the Rhenish Massif and hosts various syn- late orogenic vein-hosted hydrothermal mineralization types. Peak-metamorphism and deformation occurred at 312-316 ± 10 Ma (Ahrendt et al., 1978) at pT-conditions of 280 - 320 °C and 0.7 - 1.4 kbar (Hein, 1993). The district is known for synorogenic siderite-quartz mineralization formed during peak-metamorphic conditions. At least 4 syn-late orogenic mineralization types are distinguished: Co-Ni-Cu-Au, Pb-Zn-Cu, Sb-Au and hematite-digenite-bornite mineralization (Hellmann et al., 2012b). Co-Ni-Cu-Au mineralization of the Siegerland District belongs to the recently defined class of metasediment hosted synorogenic Co-Cu-Au deposits (i.e. Slack et al, 2010). Ore minerals are Fe-Co-Ni sulpharsenides, bearing invisible gold, chalcopyrite, and minor As-bearing pyrite. The gangue is quartz. The alteration mineralogy comprises chlorite, illite-muscovite and quartz. The epigenetic quartz veins are closely related to the formation of reverse faults (Hellmann et al., 2011a). Microthermometric studies of fluid inclusions concerning the relationship between mineralization and microstructures have not been done so far for this deposit-class and this will be addressed here. Fluid inclusions are investigated in hydrothermally formed vein-quartz, selected from Co-Ni-Cu-Au mineralization bearing veins showing only minor overprints by later mineralization types. Two quartz generations are distinguished: subhedral quartz-I showing growth zonation and fine grained, recrystallized- and newly formed quartz-II grains forming irregular masses and fracture fillings in quartz-I. Co-Ni-Fe sulpharsenides and chalcopyrite are closely intergrown with quartz-II, implying their contemperaneous formation. However, fluid inclusions in quartz-II are often small, therefore fluid inclusions in quartz-I have been mostly investigated. In total, 180 inclusions from 4 different deposits have been

  15. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available - Peter Boomgaard, Nancy Lee Peluso, Rich Forests, Poor people; Resource control and resistance in Java. Berkeley, etc.: University of California Press, 1992, 321 pp. - N. A. Bootsma, H.W. Brands, Bound to empire; The United States and the Philippines. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992, 356 pp. - Martin van Bruinessen, Jan Schmidt, Through the Legation Window, 1876-1926; Four essays on Dutch, Dutch-Indian and Ottoman history. Istanbul: Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut, 1992, 250 pp. - Freek Colombijn, Manuelle Franck, Quand la rizière recontre l ásphalte; Semis urbain et processus d úrbanisation à Java-est. Paris: École des hautes études en sciences sociales (Études insulindiennes: Archipel 10, 1993, 282 pp. Maps, tables, graphs, bibliography. - Kees Groeneboer, G.M.J.M. Koolen, Een seer bequaem middel; Onderwijs en Kerk onder de 17e eeuwse VOC. Kampen: Kok, 1993, xiii + 287 pp. - R. Hagesteijn, Janice Stargardt, The Ancient Pyu of Burma; Volume I: Early Pyu cities in a man-made landscape. Cambridge: PACSEA, Singapore: ISEAS, 1991. - Barbara Harrisson, Rolf B. Roth, Die ‘Heiligen Töpfe der Ngadju-Dayak (Zentral-Kalimantan, Indonesien; Eine Untersuchung über die rezeption von importkeramik bei einer altindonesischen Ethnie. Bonn (Mundus reihe ethnologie band 51, 1992, xv + 492 pp. - Ernst Heins, Raymond Firth, Tikopia songs; Poetic and musical art of a Polynesian people of the Solomon Islands. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (Cambridge studies in oral and literate culture no. 20, 1990, 307 pp., Mervyn McLean (eds. - Ernst Heins, R. Anderson Sutton, Traditions of gamelan music in Java; Musical pluralism and regional identity.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (Cambridge studies in ethnomusicology, 1991, 291 pp., glossary, biblio- and discography, photographs, tables, music. - H.A.J. Klooster, Jaap Vogel, De opkomst van het indocentrische geschiedbeeld; Leven en werken van B.J.O. Schrieke en J.C. van

  16. Digestion of energy and nutrients in Svalbard reindeer

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    Hans Staaland

    1988-06-01

    71, mose (P. schreberi og lav (hovedsaklig Cladonia alpestris og Cladonia rangiferina. Ved foring med reinfor (RF71 ble det funnet samme tørrstoff fordøyelighet hos Svalbardrein som tidligere rapportert fra norsk rein (75 versus 74%. Tilsvarende tall for råprotein var 74 versus 70%, P 72 versus 76% og Ca 18 versus 36%. Blanding av gras og siv hadde en høy tørrstoff fordøy elighet på 66.5%, mens tilgjengeligheten av Ca (12%, Mg (10% og P (-11% var lav. Tørrstoff-fordøyeligheten var lav (33% for C. delisei, men denne laven kan likevel være en god Ca-kilde. Smakeligheten av mose var lav (foropptak 174-252 g eller 9-13 g/kg0-75 per dag. Fordøy elighet av tørrstoff, råprotein og energi, respektive 48, 53 og 49% og tilgjengeligheten av P (66% og Ca (20% indikerer at moser kan være et signifikant tilskudd til mineralbalansen hos Svalbardrein som lever på en blandet diett.Energian ja ravintoaineiden käyttö huippu vuortenpeur alla.Abstract in Finnish / Yhteenveto: MAB:n asemalla Adventdalenissa Svalbardilola tehtiin ruokintakokeita viidellä huippuvuorten-peurauroksilla (Rangifer tarandus platyrhynchus Vrolik. Kokeessa käytettiin viitä eri ruokintaa, 1: pelle-toitu pororehu, RF 71, 2: heinäan ja saran seosta (pääasiassa Dupentia pelligera ja Eriophorum scheuchze-ri, 3: sammalta (Pleurozium schreberi, 4: Huippuvuorilla tavattavaa jäkälälajia, Cetraria delisei, 5: poro-rehua (RF 71, sammalta (P. schreberi ja jäkälää (pääasiassa Cladonia alpestris ja Cladonia rangiferina. Ruokittaessa RF 71 - rehulla huippuvuortenpeuralla kuiva-aineen (DM ja raaka proteenin (CP sulavuudet olisivat samat kuin aikaisemmin norjalaisilla poroilla mitatut (74 ja 75%, 74 ja 70%. Fosforin ja kalsiu-min saannit olivat vastaavasti 72 ja 76% ja 18 ja 36%. Heinän ja saran seos oli hyvin sulavaa. Kuiva-aineen sulavuus oli 66,5%, mutta kalsiumin, magnesiumin ja fosforin saanit oli alhainen (12, 10 ja 11% Jäkä-län (C delisei kuiva-aineen sulavuus oli alhainen (33%, mutta se

  17. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Nagata

    1986-04-01

    : Stichting Internationaal Instituut voor sociale geschiedenis, 1985, xxviii + 210 pp., Margreet Schrevel (eds. - Jan van der Putten, Slamet Modiwirjo, Panglipur Ati (ed. Johan Sarmo & Hein Vruggink, Uitgegeven door de afdeling cultuurstudies van het Ministerie van Volksmobilisatie en cultuur (Suriname, 1983. - Jan van der Putten, Saleman Siswowitono, Dongèng Kancil; Het verhaal van kantjil (ed. J.J. Sarmo & H.D. Vruggink, Een uitgave van de afdeling cultuur studies van het Ministerie van cultuur, Jeugd en Sport (Suriname, 1983. - Jan van der Putten, Pamin Asmawidjaja, Djoko miskin; De arme jongeling (ed. J.J. Sarmo & H.D. Vruggink, Een uitgave van de afdeling cultuur studies van het Ministerie van cultuur, jeugd en sport (Suriname, 1983. - Jan van der Putten, Johan J. Sarmo, Cikal; Kalawarti Jawa-Suriname, Wonny Karijopawiro (redactie, Nummers 1 tot en met 4 (1: 1982; 2: mei 1983; 3: oktober 1983; 4: maart 1984., Sari Kasanpawiro, Hein Vruggink (eds. - S.C. van Randwijck, Th. van den End, De Gereformeerde Zendingsbond (1901-1961 Nederland-Tanah Toraja, een bronnenpublicatie, bewerkt door Dr. Th. van den End, 782 pp., 1985. - R. Roolvink, Judith Nagata, The reflowering of Malaysian Islam - Modern religious radicals and their roots, University of Columbia Press, Vancouver, 1984, xxv + 267 pp., 2 appendixes, index. - Roger Tol, Soenjono Dardjowidjojo, Vocabulary building in Indonesian: an advanced reader. Ohio University, Monographs in international studies, Southeast Asia series No. 64, 1984. XVII, 647 pp. - R.S. Wassing, Annegret Haake, Javanische Batik. Methode, Symbolik, Geschichte (Javanese Batik. Method, symbolism, history, Hannover: Verlag M. + H. Schaper (Textilkunst-Fach-schrifte, 1984. Bound, 128 pp., 24 colour ills., black and white ills., drawings. - R.S. Wassing, Inger McCabe Elliott, Batik. Fabled cloth of Java, New York: Clarkson N. Potter Inc., 1984. Bound, 240 pp., 128 colour ills., black and white ills., drawings. - R.S. Wassing, Alit Veldhuisen

  18. Anticonvulsant effects of isomeric nonimidazole histamine H3 receptor antagonists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadek B

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Bassem Sadek,1 Ali Saad,1 Johannes Stephan Schwed,2,3 Lilia Weizel,2 Miriam Walter,2 Holger Stark2,3 1Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates; 2Biocenter, Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany; 3Department of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Institute of Pharmaceutical and Medicinal Chemistry, Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf, Germany Abstract: Phenytoin (PHT, valproic acid, and modern antiepileptic drugs (AEDs, eg, remacemide, loreclezole, and safinamide, are only effective within a maximum of 70%–80% of epileptic patients, and in many cases the clinical use of AEDs is restricted by their side effects. Therefore, a continuous need remains to discover innovative chemical entities for the development of active and safer AEDs. Ligands targeting central histamine H3 receptors (H3Rs for epilepsy might be a promising therapeutic approach. To determine the potential of H3Rs ligands as new AEDs, we recently reported that no anticonvulsant effects were observed for the (S-2-(4-(3-(piperidin-1-ylpropoxybenzylaminopropanamide (1. In continuation of our research, we asked whether anticonvulsant differences in activities will be observed for its R-enantiomer, namely, (R-2-(4-(3-(piperidin-1-ylpropoxybenzylaminopropaneamide (2 and analogs thereof, in maximum electroshock (MES-, pentylenetetrazole (PTZ-, and strychnine (STR-induced convulsion models in rats having PHT and valproic acid (VPA as reference AEDs. Unlike the S-enantiomer (1, the results show that animals pretreated intraperitoneally (ip with the R-enantiomer 2 (10 mg/kg were moderately protected in MES and STR induced models, whereas proconvulsant effect was observed for the same ligand in PTZ-induced convulsion models. However, animals pretreated with intraperitoneal doses of 5, 10, or 15 mg/kg of structurally bulkier (R-enantiomer (3

  19. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana Waterson

    1993-01-01

    Full Text Available - Donald F. Barr, J. Noorduyn, A critical survey of studies on the languages of Sulawesi, Leiden: KITLV Press, (Bibliographical Series 18, 1991, xiv + 245 pp., maps, index. - J. Boneschansker, H. Reenders, Alternatieve zending, Ottho Gerhard Heldring (1804-1876 en de verbreiding van het christendom in Nederlands-Indië, Kampen, 1991. - H.J.M. Claessen, Albert B. Robillard, Social change in the Pacific Islands. London & New York: Kegan Paul International. 1992, 507 pp. Maps, bibl. - Will Derks, J.J. Ras, Variation, transformation and meaning: Studies on Indonesian literatures in honour of A. Teeuw, Leiden: KITLV Press, (VKI 144, 1991, 236 pp., S.O. Robson (eds. - Will Derks, G.L. Koster, In deze tijd maar nauwelijks te vinden; De Maleise roman van hofjuffer Tamboehan, Vertaald uit het Maleis en ingeleid door G.L. Koster en H.M.J. Maier, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1991, 174 pp., H.M.J. Maier (eds. - Mark Durie, C.D. Grijns, Jakarta Malay: a multi-dimensional approach to spacial variation. 2 vols., Leiden: KITLV Press, ( VKI 149, 1991. - Jan Fontein, Jan J. Boeles, The secret of Borobudur, Bangkok, privately published, 1985, 90 pp. + appendix, 29 pp. - M. Heins, L. Suryadinata, Military ascendancy and political culture: A study of Indonesia’s Golkar. Ohio: Ohio University, Monographs in International Studies, Southeast Asia Series, no.85, 1989, xiii + 223 pp. - V.J.H. Houben, Ismail Hussein, Antara dunia Melayu dengan dunia kebangsaan. Bangi: penerbit Universiti kebangsaan Malaysia 1990, 68 pp. - Victor T. King, Aruna Gopinath, Pahang 1880-1933: A political history (Monograph/Malaysian branch of the royal Asiatic society, 18. - G.J. Knaap, J. van Goor, Generale Missiven van Gouverneurs-Generaal en Raden aan heren XVII der Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, IX: 1729-1737 (Rijks Geschiedkundige publicatiën, grote serie 205. ‘s- Gravenhage: Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis, 1988, xii + 895 p. - Otto D. van den Muijzenberg, John S. Furnivall, The

  20. TAT-血红素氧合酶-1融合蛋白对大鼠供肝冷保存期炎性反应及肝功能的影响%Effects of TAT-heme oxygenase-1 fusion protein on inflammatory response and liver function during liver cold preservation in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳立辉; 陈静; 王茂爱; 赵砚丽; 卢大儒

    2009-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of TAT-heine oxygenase-1 (TAT-HO-1) fusion protein on the inflammatory response and liver function during cold preservation of liver in rots. Methods Forty-eight male SD rats weighing 250-300 g were randomly divided into 2 groups according to the type of preservation solution (n=24 each): control group (group C) and TAT-HO-1 fusion protein group (group P). The livers were harvested according to the method described by Kamada. In control group the livers were flushed and preserved with 4℃ HTK solution while in group P the livers were flushed and preserved with 4℃ HTK solution containing TAT-HO-1 fusion protein 50 μg/ml. Liver specimens and preservation solution samples were collected at 0, 6, 12, and 18 h of cold storage. The activities of aspartato amino-transferase (AST), alanine aminu-transferase (ALT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the preservation solution were analyzed. TNF-α expression in the liver was determined. The liver histomorphology was observed by light microscopy. Results The AST, ALT and LDH activities in the preservation solution and TNF-α expression in the liver were significantly increased time-dependendy during cold storage in both groups. The AST, ALT and LDH activities and TNF-α expression were significantly lower at 6, 12 and 18 h of cold storage in group P than in group C.Conclusion TAT-HO-1 fusion protein can reduce the inflammatory response of the liver during cold storage in rats, and has protective effect on liver function to some extent.%目的 探讨HIV-1反式激活蛋白-血红素氧合酶-1(TAT-HO-1)融合蛋白对大鼠供肝冷保存期炎性反应及肝功能的影响.方法 成年健康雄性SD大鼠48只,体重250~300 g,开腹游离腹主动脉并结扎,于左右髂总动脉分叉处向心端穿刺腹主动脉,切断肝上下腔静脉,随机灌注4℃HTK液(C组,U=24)或4℃含TAT-HO-1融合蛋白50 μg/ml的HTK液(P组,n=24),至流出灌洗液清亮后停止灌注,取肝脏,

  1. DIFFERENCES IN BODY COMPOSITION BETWEEN PRACTITIONAR COMBINED FITNESS AND PRACTITIONER PILATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nebojša Čokorilo

    2014-06-01

    favor of a person dealing with aerobics, which is the more common form of recreational exercise (Stojiljkovic et al, 2005. Regarding the influence of Pilates exercise on body composition, the results are divided. In a study where overweight women practiced this method for eight weeks, four times a week, there was a reduction of fat in the body (Cakmakci, 2011. References: Cakmakci, O. (2011. The Effect of 8 Week Plates Exercise on Body Composition in Obese Women. Collegium Antropologicum, 35(4, 1045-1050. Coggan, A. R., Spina, R. J., King, D. S., Rogers, M. A., Brown, M., Nemeth, P. M., Holloszy, J. O. (1992. Skeletal muscle adaptations to endurance training in 60- to 70-yr-old men and women. Journal of Applied Physiology, 72 (5, 1780-1786. Kenedy, C., Yoke, M., (2005. Methods of group exercise intruction. Illinois: Human Kinetics. Latey, P. (2001. The Pilates method, history and philosophy. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 5 (4, 275-282. Malnar, D., Šterbik, K., Fužinac-Smojever, A., Jerkovic, R., Bobinac, D. (2007. Pilates exercise technique. Medicine, 43, 241-245. Segal, N.A., Hein, J., Basford, J.R. (2004. The effects of Pilates training on flexibility and body composition: an observational study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 85(12, 1977-1981.

  2. First-principles models of equilibrium tellurium isotope fractionation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haghnegahdar, M. A.; Schauble, E. A.; Fornadel, A. P.; Spry, P. G.

    2013-12-01

    oxidation and reduction. Se- and S-isotope redox systems also show kinetically-controlled isotopic disequilibrium, and may serve as useful analogues. Among Te(-II) species, fractionations are smaller (125Te. Calculated fractionation factors for gas-phase species like H2Te and TeF6, based on hybrid density functional theory (B3LYP), agree well with earlier estimates (2). For telluride-bearing crystals, cluster models are in qualitative agreement with periodic boundary condition calculations, especially when larger basis sets (e.g., aug-cc-PVDZ-PP) are used; however, cluster models tend to predict higher 130Te/125Te for reasons that are not yet clear. References: 1. Hein et al. (2003) GCA 67:6. 2. Smithers et al. (1968) Can. J. Chem. 46:4.

  3. Fluctuations in seafloor spreading predicted by tectonic reconstructions and mantle convection models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coltice, Nicolas; Seton, Maria; Rolf, Tobias; Müller, R. Dietmar; Tackley, Paul J.

    2013-04-01

    "ground-truth" for modeling this parameter. Both kinematic reconstructions and geodynamic models suggest the rate of production of new seafloor can vary by a factor of 3 over a Wilson cycle, with concomitant changes of the shape of the area vs. age distribution. Geodynamic models show seafloor production time-series contain fluctuations of time scales exceeding 500My that depend on the strength of the lithosphere and the amount of basal heating. References Coltice, N., Rolf, T., Tackley P.J., Labrosse, S., Dynamic causes of the relation between area and age of the ocean floor, Science 336, 335-338 (2012). Moresi, L., Solomatov, V., Mantle convection with a brittle lithosphere: Thoughts on the global tectonic style of the Earth and Venus, Geophys. J. 133, 669-682 (1998). Parsons, B., 1982, Causes and consequences of the relation between area and age of the ocean floor, J. of Geophys. Res. 87, 289-302 (1982). Rowley, D. B., History of Plate Creation 180 Ma to Present, Geol. Soc. of America Bull. 114, 927-933 (2002). Seton, M., Gaina, C., Müller, R.D., and Heine, C., Mid Cretaceous Seafloor Spreading Pulse: Fact or Fiction?, Geology, 37, 687-690 (2009). Seton, M., Müller, R.D., Zahirovic, S., Gaina, C., Torsvik, T.H., Shephard, G., Talsma, A., Gurnis, M., Turner, M., Maus, S., Chandler, M. (2012), Global continental and ocean basin reconstructions since 200 Ma, Earth Sci. Rev. 113, 212-270 (2012). Tackley, P.J., Self-consistent generation of tectonic plates in time-dependent, three-dimensional mantle convection simulations, part 1: Pseudoplastic yielding, Geoch. Geophys. Geosys. 1 (2000a). Tackley, P.J., Self-consistent generation of tectonic plates in time-dependent, three-dimensional mantle convection simulations, part 2: Strain weakening and asthenosphere, Geochem. Geophys. Geosys. 1, (2000b).

  4. 德国的儒学情结%The Confucian Complex in Germany

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱仁夫

    2011-01-01

    Since the 18th century, some famous philosophers in Germany such as Wolff, Kant, Hegel, Schelling etc. have commented upon and introduced Chinese Culture and Confucian thoughts from different perspectives and with different value orientations. Others from cultural and art circles such as Goethe, Schiller, Heine, Hesse and Brecht all spared no efforts to study and appreciate Chinese culture. The representatives of German missionaries and Confucian propagators were Leibniz and Wilhelm. Wilhelm's grasp of Confusion was all-round and comprehensive, different from other common missionaries and sinologists. Hegel thought that the eastern philosophy is religious philosophy and that Chinese philosophy had a profound influence on the west. Franke was an author with many works to his credit, among which the five-volume General History of China was the most famous and absorbed his lifetime energy. Since the 18th century, ancient Chinese philosophy has set its own position in German culture. Nowadays, pre-Qin philosophers such as Confucius, Mencius and Zhuang Zi still have great influence in Germany, There are dozens of versions of The Analects of Confucius and 104 versions of Lao Zi. Some versions of The Analects of Confucius have the original text, pinyin and explanations.%从18世纪起,德国思想界的沃尔夫、康德、黑格尔、谢林等都曾从不同的视角,以不同的价值取向评论介绍过中国文化和儒家思想;文化艺术界的歌德、席勒、海涅、黑塞、布莱希特等都倾情研究和赞赏中国文化。德国传教士与儒学传播的代表人物是莱布尼茨和卫礼贤。卫礼贤对于儒家思想的把握是多视角、全方位的,不同于一般的传教士和汉学家。黑格尔认为,“东方哲学是宗教哲学”,中国的哲学深深地影响了西方。福兰阁著作等身,最负盛名且穷其毕生精力的是五卷本《中国通史》。从18世纪至今,中国的古哲在德国文化中拥

  5. 0.1%西吡氯铵含漱液对牙外伤纤维夹板固定术后菌斑形成的抑制作用%The effect of mouth rinse containing0.1% cetylpyridinium chloride in the inhibition of dental plague formation in fiber splinting teeth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴辰; 龚怡; 杨圣辉; 黄薇

    2012-01-01

    目的 观察0.1%西吡氯铵含漱液对牙外伤纤维夹板固定术后菌斑形成的抑制作用.方法 牙外伤患者40例随机分为2组,应用双盲法分别给予患者0.1%西吡氯铵含漱液漱口(试验组)或0.12%氯己定含漱液漱口(对照组).每天5次,分别在晨起、睡前、三顿饭后各漱口1次,每次含15 mL,持续漱口60 s,漱口后1h内禁饮食,7d为一疗程.就诊当天(1 d)、4d和8d,按照Quigley-Hein指数(Turesky改良)测定菌斑指数.结果 中期检查试验组和对照组菌斑指数组间比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);终点检查试验组和对照组菌斑指数组间比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 0.1%西吡氯铵含漱液可抑制牙外伤纤维夹板固定术后菌斑的形成,有利于牙周损伤的愈合.%Objective To observe the effects of mouth rinse containing 0.1% cetylpyridinium chloride in the inhibition of dental plague formation in patients with fiber splinting teeth. Methods 40 cases of injured teeth were enrolled and divided into two groups. Random and double bland method was applied to administer0.1% cetylpyridinium chloride (tested group) or 0. 12% chlorhexidine (control group) to the patients. The mouth rinses were used by the patients for 7 days and 5 times each day (after getting up and each meal, and before going to bed) , each time 15 mL mouth rinse was used for 1 minute. Plague Index (PI, Quigley - Hein Index modified by Turesky) was measured before treatment, on day 4 and 8 respectively. Results The distribution ol age,sex and smoking in the tested 20 cases was not significantly different from that of the 20 controls (P > 0. 05). On day 4, there was no statistic difference in the decrease of PI between the two groups (P > 0.05). On day 8 , there was no statistic difference in the decrease of PI between the two groups (P >0, 05) . Conclusion 0. 1% cetylpyridinium chloride is effective in the inhibition of dental plague formation in patients

  6. Inhibitory effects of cetylpyridinium chloride buccal tablets on dental plaque%西吡氯铵含片对牙菌斑抑制效果的临床试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭媛元; 张剑英; 张冠荣; 付云

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨西吡氯铵含片(CCBT)对控制牙面菌斑堆积和牙龈炎症的效果。方法:采用随机单盲对照试验,纳入60名患有慢性龈炎、轻、中度慢性牙周炎患者。对全部患者卫生宣教后随机分为3组,对照组不用药,试验组使用CCBT,阳性对照组使用复方氯己定(CHX)含漱液。治疗前、治疗后第2周记录Quigley-Hein菌斑指数(PI)及出血指数(BI);酶联免疫吸附试验法检测龈沟液中肿瘤坏死因子α(TNF-α)、白细胞介素1β(IL-1β)表达水平的改变。结果:治疗前3组间比较PI、BI、龈沟液TNF-α和IL-1β含量均无显著差异(P>0.05)。治疗后CCBT组和CHX组PI和BI均明显下降(P<0.01),2组的下降值均无显著差异(P>0.05);龈沟液中TNF-α含量均下降(P<0.05)。对照组治疗后PI下降(P<0.05),其他指标无变化(P>0.05)。结论:西吡氯铵含片有抑制牙菌斑堆积作用,可改善牙龈炎症,降低龈沟液中TNF-α表达。%Objective:To investigate the effects of cetylpyridinium chloride buccal tablets(CCBT)on dental plaque control.Meth-ods:60 patients with gingivitis,mild or moderate,or chronic periodontitis were divided into control group(without drug treatment), CCBT group (treated with CCBT)and CHX group (treated with compound chlorhexidine gargle)according to the randomized con-trolled single-blind principle.Quigley-Hein plaque index (PI)and bleeding index (BI)of the subjects were recorded,tumor necro-sis factor (TNF-α)and interleukin (IL-1β)in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF)were measured by ELISA before and after 2 weeks'trial.Results:After 2-week treatment,PI and BI in CCBT and CHX groups decreased(P0.05). In control group PI was decreased(P005).Conclusion:CCBT is effective in inhibiting plaque accumulation and decreasing GCF TNF-αlevel.

  7. Variations of the Indian summer monsoon over the Mio-Pliocene recorded in the Bengal Fan (IODP Exp354): implications for the evolution of the terrestrial biosphere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galy, Valier; Feakins, Sarah; Karkabi, Elias; Ponton, Camilo; Galy, Albert; France-Lanord, Christian

    2017-04-01

    expansion in the Himalayan system. Hemipelagic sediments generally carry 13C enriched signatures indicative of C4-dominated source areas, and based on a combination of the wind field climatology and the wetness and ecosystems of source regions today, we suggest that these would likely represent wind transport, likely from peninsular India. Interestingly we found hemipelagic horizons carrying this enriched 13C character prior to the C4 expansion recorded in turbiditic sediments, likely revealing an earlier C4 colonization of peninsular India. Based on our preliminary data we thus propose that C4 plants colonized peninsular India around 9-10 Ma. The hydrogen isotopic composition of the same leaf-wax compounds reveals a surprisingly small (on the order of 10 ‰) isotopic shift associated with the late Miocene C4 expansion. In contrast, the hydrogen isotope composition shift observed across the last deglaciation is far greater (ca. 40‰; Hein et al., in prep.). Cores from site U1451, provide a low resolution record across at least the last 26 Myr and appear to indicate a long term hydrological change from ca. 11Ma to ca. 7Ma, as inferred from progressive D enrichment in the biomarker records. These compound specific hydrogen isotope data will be discussed in the context of changing erosion patterns and attendant variations in the strength of the Indian summer monsoon as well as with respect to the mechanisms that led to the C4 expansion.

  8. Historia de la Endocrinología en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Jácome Roca

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available

    La especialidad clínica de la endocrinología lleva ya más de medio siglo en nuestro país, y si nos ponemos a ver la actividad de algunos precursores, esta historia bien puede remontarse al siglo XIX.

    El académico Antonio Ucrós Cuellar se puso en la tarea de recopilar las actuaciones de los especialistas en problemas hormonales y en las actividades de las asociaciones científicas de este ramo de la medicina y para ello contó con la ayuda editorial de los endocrinólogos y discípulos suyos, Eric Hernández y Stella Acosta.

    Ucrós ha participado personalmente en el devenir histórico de la endocrinología en Colombia, como investigador de la problemática del bocio, como fundador de la Asociación Colombiana de Endocrinología y de la sección de endocrinología del Hospital de San José, que recientemente cumplió sus Bodas de Oro, y en la cual se han formado numerosos y distinguidos especialistas que ejercen en el país su profesión.

    Comentar esta obra viene como anillo al dedo en este número especial sobre endocrinología que publica la revista “Medicina” de la Academia. Este libro de 230 páginas recoge en su parte inicial los antecedentes históricos y los estudios sobre el bocio en el país que el autor tan elegantemente lideró, finaliza esta parte inicial con su propia versión de la endocrinología en Colombia, que comienza con él y otros eminentes especialistas como Hernán Mendoza Hoyos, Tomás Quintero, Alonso Gutiérrez, Jaime Cortázar, Efraím tero, Mario Sánchez Medina (en el campo de la diabetes, Iván Molina en Medellín, Alberto Jamis en Barranquilla, y el importante grupo de Cali donde figuraron entre otros Eduardo Gaitán, Heins Wahner (actualmente en la Clínica Mayo, William Jubiz y Matilde de Bernal, todos de talla internacional.

    Mi interés por la endocrinología se inició con las magistrales clases de Mendoza Hoyos en la Javeriana, sobre el tema de la Fisiología Endocrina

  9. The effect of the dentifrice on gingivitis and dental plaque: A 6-week clinical study in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. V. V. Prasad

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Dentifrices are commonly used for oral hygiene with some formulated with antimicrobial agents to control plaque. There is little information regarding the effects of dentifrices on controlling dental plaque and gingivitis amongst Indian subjects. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of three commercially-available fluoride dentifrices on established gingivitis and supragingival dental plaque after 6-week of product use. Materials and Methods: Adult subjects completing informed consent and presenting a Loe-Silness gingival index (GI score ≥ 1.0 and a Quigley-Hein, Turesky Modification, plaque index (PI score ≥ 1.5 completed a 2-week washout period with commercial fluoride toothpaste. They were instructed to refrain from all other oral hygiene products (including mints, chewing gums, mouth rinses. Subjects returned to the clinical facility again having refrained from all oral hygiene procedures for 12 h and from eating, drinking or smoking for 4 h for baseline gingivitis and plaque examinations. They were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups according to baseline gingival and plaque indices scores: (1 A dentifrice containing 0.3% triclosan and 1000 ppm sodium monofluorophosphate (Colgate ® Supershakti Dental Cream, (2 a dentifrice containing 0.54% zinc citrate, 0.64% stannous chloride and 0.33% sodium fluoride (Crest ® Pro-Health All Good 7 Effects Toothpaste, and (3 a dentifrice containing 1000 ppm sodium monofluorophosphate (Colgate ® CIBACA Toothpaste [negative control]. After 6-week use of their assigned dentifrice, all subjects were recalled for posttreatment plaque and GI examinations. Results: 105 subjects completed the study. Baseline plaque and GI scores demonstrated no statistical differences between treatment groups (P > 0.05. Further, Chi-square analysis demonstrated no significant differences between treatment groups for subject age or gender (P > 0.05. At the 6-week examinations, subjects in all

  10. Appropriateness of using a symbol to identify dementia and/or delirium: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hines, Sonia; Abbey, Jenny; Wilson, Jacinda; Sacre, Sandy

    2009-01-01

    Alzheimer's Australia contracted the Dementia Collaborative Research Centre - Consumers, Carers and Social Research to conduct a systematic review to explore the appropriateness of a symbol for dementia.The concept of a symbol for people with dementia was an outcome of the Alzheimer's Australia National Consumer Summit on Dementia held in Canberra in October 2005. People living with dementia and their carers identified that a national symbol would be helpful in order to encourage appropriate treatment of people with dementia.Funding was provided as part of the Australian Government's Dementia Initiative to Alzheimer's Australia to work in collaboration with the Queensland University of Technology and Catholic Health Australia to explore, through research, the viability and potential impact of such a symbol in a range of care settings. The main objective of this systematic review was to evaluate any published and unpublished evidence regarding the appropriateness of developing a symbol for dementia and/or delirium, which could be used in a variety of settings to indicate that a person has dementia and/or delirium. A literature search was performed using the following databases: Ageline, APAIS Health, CINAHL, Dissertations and Theses Abstracts, Embase, MEDLINE, PsycEXTRAS, PsycINFO, PsycArticles, Current Contents, LegalTrac, Health and Society, Sociological Abstracts, Family and Society, CINCH, and Hein Online databases. The reference lists of articles retrieved were hand searched, as well as a range of literature from health, legal, ethical and emergency services. Grey literature was searched for using a number of Internet sites, and personal email communication with authors of relevant studies and known researchers in the field was initiated. Papers were retrieved if they provided information about attitudes or perceptions towards the appropriateness of symbols, identifiers or alerts used to inform others that someone has dementia, delirium and/or another medical

  11. Severe aortic valve stenosis in the elderly: high prevalence of sleep-related breathing disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keymel S

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Stefanie Keymel,1 Katharina Hellhammer,1 Tobias Zeus,1 Marc Merx,2 Malte Kelm,1 Stephan Steiner3 1Department of Cardiology, Pneumology, and Vascular Diseases, Medical Faculty, Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, 2Department of Cardiology, Vascular Diseases and Intensive Care Medicine, KRHKlinikum Robert Koch Gehrden, Gehrden, 3Department of Cardiology, Pneumology and Intensive Care Medicine, St Vincenz Hospital, Limburg, Germany Background: Aortic valve stenosis is common in the elderly, with a prevalence of nearly 3% in patients aged 75 years or older. Despite the fact that sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD are thought to be associated with cardiac disease, little is known about their prevalence in this patient cohort. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of SRBD in older patients with aortic valve stenosis admitted for transcatheter aortic valve implantation.Methods: Forty-eight consecutive patients (mean age 81±6 years; 37.5% male with symptomatic aortic valve stenosis and considered for transcatheter aortic valve replacement were screened for SRBD. Sleep studies were performed by in-hospital unattended cardiorespiratory polygraphy measuring nasal air flow, chest and abdominal efforts, as well as oxygen saturation and body position. The patients were divided in subgroups dependent on the documented apnea–hypopnea index (AHI; no SRBD was defined as an AHI of <5 events/hour; mild SRBD as AHI 5–15 events/hour, and moderate to severe SRBD as AHI ≥15 events/hour.Results: Thirty-seven patients (77% had SRBD defined as an AHI of ≥5 events/hour. Eleven patients had an unremarkable investigation, with AHI <5 events/hour (mean 3.0±1.3 events/hour. Among patients with sleep apnea, 19 patients had mild SRBD, with an AHI of 5–15 events/hour (mean 9.9±3.4 events/hour and 18 patients had moderate to severe SRBD (mean 26.6±11.3 events/hour. Mainly, obstructive apneas were found. Subgroups were not

  12. Predation in the reindeer husbandry area in Finland during 1976-86

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauri Nieminen

    1988-06-01

    Full Text Available During the years 1976-86 predators killed a total of 11 295 reindeer in the Finnish reindeer husbandry area. Predators killed mostly calves and hinds. With the exception of the Kåsivarsi and Muotkatun-turi reindeer herding cooperatives, kills of predators were concentrated in the reindeer herding areas on the eastern border. During 1976-86 predators killed most reindeer in April - June, and the majority of preys were calves. Most reindeer were killed by wolves (26.9%, bears (24.7%, wolverines (22.6% and eagles (15.9%. Wolves, bears, wolverines and lynxes killed mainly adult reindeer, eagles killed mainly calves. Wolves killed reindeer mainly during October - January, lynxes during January - April, wolverines during February - April, eagles during May - July and bears during May - October. During the last years the number of reindeer killed by lynxes has increased in Finland.Petovahingot Suomen poronhoitoalueella vuosina 1976-86.Abstract in Finnish / Yhteenveto: Viimeisen kymmenen vuoden aikana porojen måårå on lisååntynyt suuresti Suomessa. Vuosina 1976-86 pedot tappoivat Suomen poronhoitoalueella yhteenså 11 295 poroa. Pedot tappoivat pååasiassa vasoja ja vaatimia. Käsivarren ja Muotkatunturin paliskuntia lukuunottamatta petovahingot kohdistuivat lhinn poronhoitoalueen itrajalla oleviin paliskuntiin. Vuosina 1976-86 pedot tappoivat poroja eniten huhti-kesåkuun aikana. Eniten pedot tappoivat tuolloin vasoja. Eniten poroja tappoivat sudet (26.9%, karhut (24.7%, ahmat (22.6% ja kotkat (15.9%. Sudet, karhut, ahmat ja ilvekset tappoivat pååasiassa aikuisia poroja, kotkat vasoja. Sudet tappoivat poroja låhinnå loka-tammikuussa, ilvekset tammi-huhtikuussa, ahmat helmi-heinåkuussa ja karhut touko-lokakuussa. Viime vuosina ilvesten tappamien porojen måårå on kas vanut Suomessa.Rovdjursskador inom det finska renskotselsområdet under åren 1976-86.Abstract in Swedish / Sammandrag: Under de senaste tio åren har antalet tamrenar

  13. ESST Proceedings Rotterdam 2009. Beet Quality. Sustainability of beet sugar production. Energy usage - future challenges. General process technology developments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    Within the conference of the European Society for Sugar Technology (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany) between 17th and 20th June, 2009 in Rotterdam (The Netherlands) the following lectures were held: (1) Sugar beet quality during long-term storage in clamp and field (A.W.M. Huijbregts); (2) Methods used in the Netherlands to limit frost damage and to process frost-deteriorated beets (J. Strujis, M. Jaspers, M. van Dijk); (3) Biotech in sugarbeet and sugarcane: Current status (T.K. Schwartz, C. Richard); (4) Separation of water through gas hydrate (T. Boech Andersen); (5) Optimised standard of sugar manufacturing - first calculations (F. Lorenz, T. Frankenfeld); (6) Reconsidering vapour compression for sugar crystallization (A. Dolls, M. Bruhns); (7) The development of sustainability standards in the sugar industry (P. Rein); (8) Bioethanol: sugar beet, sugar cane or second generation? (W.J. Corre, J.G. Conijin); (9) The sustainability of beet sugar production in comparison with other sugar crops (P. Christodoulou, V. Kazantzi, S. Bezergianni, K. Gounaris); (10) Alternative products from sugar beets (J. Iciek, S. Wawro); (11) Alternative products from sugar beets (M. Wojtczak); (12) Increase of sugar yield by electrodialysis (J.P. Jenen, P.B. Hansen, M.P. Carter); (13) Optimal dosing of alkalizing agents in the juice purification (G. Roesner, W. Hein, F. Emerstorfer); (14) Affinity based separation technologies and their role in the current and future sugar industry (V. Kochergin); (15) Four to three-stage sugarhouse with two white sugar products (J. Jeppesen, M. Carter); (16) Practical experience of juice decalcification using a weak acid cation exchange resin plant incorporating fractal fluid distribution (E. West, P. Burroughs, P. Seymour); (17) A new process for the production of 'seed crystals' - Process development and field report from the factories (M. Walter, B. Ekelhof, S. Heppner, D. Wullbrandt); (18) Application possibilities and Properties

  14. Towards polarization measurements of laser-accelerated helium-3 ions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Engin, Ilhan

    2015-08-28

    In the framework of this thesis, preparatory investigations for the spin-polarization measurement of {sup 3}He ions from laser-induced plasmas have been performed. Therefore, experiments aiming at an efficient laser-induced ion acceleration out of a {sup 4}He gas target were carried out at two high-intensity laser facilities: the Arcturus laser at Heinrich-Heine-Universitaet Duesseldorf as well as PHELIX at GSI Darmstadt. The scientific goal of both experiments was to investigate the ion-acceleration process in underdense plasmas by measuring the ion energy spectra and the angular distribution of the ion signal around the gas-jet target. Laser-accelerated MeV-He-ions could successfully be detected. The main acceleration direction at large angles with regard to the laser propagation direction was determined. In a second step, unpolarized {sup 3}He gas was attached in order to cross-check the experimental results with those of {sup 4}He. With the help of the achieved ion yield data, the expected rates of the fusion reaction D({sup 3}He,p){sup 4}He in the polarized case have been estimated: the information regarding the fusion proton yield from this nuclear reaction allows an experimentally based estimation for future experiments with pre-polarized {sup 3}He gas as plasma target. The experimental data is in line with supporting Particle-in-Cell (PIC) simulations performed on the Juelich supercomputers. For this purpose, the simulated target was defined as a neutral gas. The use of pre-polarized {sup 3}He gas demands a special preparation of a polarized {sup 3}He target for laser-acceleration experiments. This layout includes an (external) homogeneous magnetic holding field (field strength of ∝1.4 mT) for storing the pre-polarized gas for long time durations inside the PHELIX target chamber. For this purpose, a precise Halbach array consisting of horizontally arranged rings with built-in permanent magnets had to be designed, optimized, and constructed to deliver high

  15. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2009-10-01

    Adelaar Saw Swee Hock, The population of Malaysia. (Gavin Jones Henk Schulte Nordholt and Fridus Steijlen (producers, Don’t forget to remember me; A day in the life of Indonesia. (Jean Gelman Taylor Karel Steenbrink, Catholics in Indonesia; A documented history. Volume I, A modest recovery 1808-1900; Volume 2 (with the cooperation of Paule Maas, The spectacular growth of a self-confident minority 1903-1942. (Chris de Jong Pamela J. Stewart and Andrew Strathern (eds, Exchange and sacrifice. (Toon van Meijl Hans Straver (samenst., Wonder en geweld; De Molukken in de verbeelding van vertellers en schrijvers. (G.J. Schutte Dendy Sugono et al. (eds, Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia Pusat Bahasa; Edisi keempat. (Hein Steinhauer Jacqueline Vel, Uma politics; An ethnography of democratization in West Sumba, Indonesia, 1986-2006. (Chris Lundry C.W. Watson, Of self and injustice; Autobiography and repression in modern Indonesia. (Roxana Waterson

  16. Geological setting of silica in Dehnow-Abid region (Eshghabad northeast using fluid inclusions studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Yazdanpanah

    2017-02-01

    , fine and coarse grains arkosic and lithic arkose sandstones (Tucker, 1994 that show low grade metamorphic texture which may be attributed to these sediments metamorphosed Jurassic age, but their equivalence is more with Shemshak forrnation (Aghanabati, 1994. Silica mineralization occurred as veins, veinlets and in some parts show silica mass of lense. In this area, there are two generations of faults with trends of northeast-southwest and north-south. Based on the geological section, the North – South faults is the second generation that cut system North-East to South-West faults (Kosari, 2004. In microscopic studies of fluid inclusions different characteristics such as their relationship with the host mineral, phase contents, size, shape, necking down and degree of filling were investigated. Microscopic investigates at room temperature, based on the criteria provided by Van den Kerkhof and Hein, 2001; Shepherd et al., 1985; Rodder, 1984 were performed. These studies indicated that as genetically point fluid inclusions in quartz area are able to divide into three groups (primary, secondary and pseudo secondary. The shapes of fluid inclusions are very different, but partly follow mineral crystallization system. Size of fluid inclusion varies between 5 to 120 microns, but most abundant fluid inclusions have size of 20 to 60 microns. According to a survey done on double polishing sections in laboratory conditions, the phase contents of fluid inclusions may be divided into six groups that include : monophase liquid (L, monophase vapor (V, two phases rich of liquid (L+V, two phases rich of vapor (V+L, three phases (L+V+S and immiscible liquid (L1+L2+V. The presence of CO2 around gas bubbles can represent metamorphism environments (Yardley and Bodnar, 2014; Van den Kerkhof et al., 2014. Heating analysis was done on 113 samples of fluid inclusions studied in order to investigate the situation homogenization temperature, and cooling analysis was done on 99 selected samples

  17. Fluid Evolution During Mineralization of Atashkuh Fluorite-Barite (±Sulfide Deposit, South of Delijan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Javad Moghaddasi

    2016-07-01

    the Atashkuh deposit. Fluid inclusions are of several types: (1 two-phase, liquid-vapor (LV, two- phase aqueous with hydrohalite (LVHH, multiphase (SH, H2O-CO2 with clathrate (C1 and without clathrate (C2 were recognized and analyzed. The first ice melting temperature (Te of fluorite, barite and quartz two-phase aqueous (LV inclusions varies between -22°C and -25°C, representing a H2O ± NaCl ± KCl multiphase solution (Van den Kerkhof and Hein, 2001. The last ice melting temperatures of three samples (Tmice vary between -4.9°C to -9.7°C, -3.2°C to -7.2°C and -2°C to -4.8°C which indicate salinities of 7.7-13.6, 5.2-10.7 and 3.2-7.5 wt% NaCl equivalent for fluorite, barite and quartz. The final homogenization temperatures (Thtotal of these inclusions vary between 90 and 205 °C for fluorite, 130 to 270 °C for barite and 110 to 193 °C for quartz. The CO2 melting temperatures (TmCO2 of fluorite and quartz C1 inclusions show ranges of -57.1 to -58.5 °C which suggest the presence of CH4 and/or N2 impurities (Burruss, 1981. The clathrate melting temperature (Tmclath varies between 4.8 and 8.5 °C representing a salinity of 5.3 to 9.2 and 3 to 6.7 wt% NaCl equivalent for fluorite and quartz. The CO2 homogenization temperature (ThCO2 in these inclusions is 7.4 to 18.8 °C for fluorite and 13.4 to 27.5 °C for quartz. The homogenization temperature (Thtotal for these inclusions is 170-210 °C for fluorite and 195-280 °C for quartz. References Burruss, R.C., 1981. Analysis of phase equilibria in C–O–H–S fluid inclusions. Mineralogical Association of Canada Short Course, 6(3: 39-74. Ghorbani, M., 2013. The economic geology of Iran, mineral deposits and natural resources. Springer Netherlands, 569 pp. Thiele, O., Alavi, M., Assefi, R., Hushmand-zadeh, A., Seyed-Emami, K. and Zahedi, M., 1968. Explanatory text of the Golpaygan quadrangle map, scale 1:250,000. Geological Survey of Iran. Geological quadrangle E7, 24 pp. Van den Kerkhof, A.M. and Hein, U.F., 2001

  18. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1993-07-01

    the Caribbean. Ames: Iowa State University Press. 1990. xviii + 398 pp. -Ellen M. Schnepel, Max Sulty ,La migration de l'Hindouisme vers les Antilles au XIXe siècle, après l'abolition de l'esclavage. Paris: Librairie de l'Inde, 1989. 255 pp., Jocelyn Nagapin (eds -Viranjini Munasinghe, Steven Vertovec, Hindu Trinidad: Religion, ethnicity and socio-economic change. -Alvina Ruprecht, Selwyn R. Cudjoe, Caribbean women writers: Essays from the first international conference. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1990. xv + 382 pp. -J. van Donselaar, Michiel van Kempen et al, Nieuwe Surinaamse verhalen. Paramaribo: De Volksboekwinkel, 1986. 202 pp.''Suriname. De Gids 153:791-954. Amsterdam: Meulenhoff, 1990. -J. van Donselaar, Literatuur in Suriname: nieuwe, nog niet eerder gepubliceerde verhalen en gedichten van Surinaamse auteurs. Preludium 5(3: 1-80. Michiel van Kempen (compiler. Breda: Stichting Preludium, 1988.''Verhalen van Surinaamse schrijvers. Michiel van Kempen (compiler. Amsterdam: De Arbeiderspers. 1989. 248 pp.''Hoor die tori! Surinaamse vertellingen. Michiel van Kempen (compiler. Amsterdam: In de Knipscheer, 1990. 267 pp. -Beth Craig, Francis Byrne ,Development and structures of creole languages: Essays in honor of Derek Bickerton. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1991. x + 222 pp., Thom Huebner (eds -William W. Megenney, John M. Lipski, The speech of the negros congos of Panama. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1989. vii + 159 pp. -Hein D. Vruggink, Clare Wolfowitz, Language, style and social space: Stylistic choice in Suriname Javanese. Champaign; University of Illinois Press, 1992. viii + 265 pp. -Keith A.P. Sandiford, Brian Douglas Tennyson, Canadian-Caribbean relations: Aspects of a relationship. Sydney, Nova Scotia: Centre for international studies, 1990. vii + 379 pp. -Gloria Cumper, Philip Sherlock ,The University of the West Indies: A Caribbean response to the challenge of change. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1990. viii + 315 pp

  19. Editorial: Focus on Atom Optics and its Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt-Kaler, F.; Pfau, T.; Schmelcher, P.; Schleich, W.

    2010-06-01

    Atom optics employs the modern techniques of quantum optics and laser cooling to enable applications which often outperform current standard technologies. Atomic matter wave interferometers allow for ultra-precise sensors; metrology and clocks are pushed to an extraordinary accuracy of 17 digits using single atoms. Miniaturization and integration are driven forward for both atomic clocks and atom optical circuits. With the miniaturization of information-storage and -processing devices, the scale of single atoms is approached in solid state devices, where the laws of quantum physics lead to novel, advantageous features and functionalities. An upcoming branch of atom optics is the control of single atoms, potentially allowing solid state devices to be built atom by atom; some of which would be applicable in future quantum information processing devices. Selective manipulation of individual atoms also enables trace analysis of extremely rare isotopes. Additionally, sources of neutral atoms with high brightness are being developed and, if combined with photo ionization, even novel focused ion beam sources are within reach. Ultracold chemistry is fertilized by atomic techniques, when reactions of chemical constituents are investigated between ions, atoms, molecules, trapped or aligned in designed fields and cooled to ultra-low temperatures such that the reaction kinetics can be studied in a completely state-resolved manner. Focus on Atom Optics and its Applications Contents Sensitive gravity-gradiometry with atom interferometry: progress towards an improved determination of the gravitational constant F Sorrentino, Y-H Lien, G Rosi, L Cacciapuoti, M Prevedelli and G M Tino A single-atom detector integrated on an atom chip: fabrication, characterization and application D Heine, W Rohringer, D Fischer, M Wilzbach, T Raub, S Loziczky, XiYuan Liu, S Groth, B Hessmo and J Schmiedmayer Interaction of a propagating guided matter wave with a localized potential G L Gattobigio, A

  20. The Lateglacial to Holocene transition as recorded by glacier fluctuations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schindelwig, I.; Akçar, N.; Kubik, P. W.; Schlüchter, C.

    2009-04-01

    , the glacier at the Belalp shows multiple advances during the Lateglacial to early Holocene. 10Be exposure age data suggest that the outer moraine ridge can be an advance older than the Egesen stadial and younger than the LGM. This is in concert with other Younger Dryas related glacial landsystems in Switzerland (reviewing the outer moraine ages e.g. Julier Pass, Ivy-Ochs et al. 1996, 2008). A large number of Lateglacial moraines have been identified and relative correlations on the basis of elevation, equilibrium line altitude (Gross et al. 1977; Maisch, 1987) and morphological characteristics have been established. Nevertheless, it remains important to refine the absolute chronology in order to put further temporal constraints on these relative frameworks. This allows the allocation of such absolutely dated deposits to distinguished cold phases (Preboreal oscillation, Younger Dryas, Aegelsee oscillation) thus underlining their potential significance in the context of regional, as well as global Lateglacial climate conditions. The 10Be exposure ages from an inner moraine ridge are in a good agreement with the recalculated previously published 10Be exposure ages from the Egesen moraines in the Alps. This suggests a synchronicity of the Egesen stadial in the European Alps at the end of the Younger Dryas cold phase. REFERENCES Björck, S., Walker, M. J.C., Cwynar, L.C., Johnson, S., Knudsen, K-L., Lowe, J. J. & Wohlfarth, B. (1998): An event stratigraphy for the Last Termination in the North Atlantic region based on the Greenland ice-core record: a proposal by the INTIMATE group. Journal of Quarternary Science, 13, 283-292. Gross, G., Kerschner, H. & Patzelt, G. (1977): Methodische Untersuchungen über die Schneegrenze in alpinen Gletschergebieten. Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde und Glazialgeologie, 12, 223-251. Ivy-Ochs, S., Kerschner, H., Reuther, A., Preusser, F., Heine, K., Maisch, M., Kubik, P.W. & Schlüchter, C. (2008): Chronology of the last glacial cycle in the

  1. Traffic deaths of reindeer in Finland during 1974 — 83

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauri Nieminen

    1985-05-01

    Kemi, jossa kuoli vuosina 1976—82 keskimaårin yli 115 poroa/10 km. Eniten poroja kuoli liikenteesså marras-, joulu- ja tammikuussa pehmeån lumen aikaan, jolloin porojen liikkuminen vaikeutui eniten. Kesållå kuoli liikentesså eniten poroja heinå—elokuussa. Touko—syyskuussa porokuolemien måårå maanteillå riippui eri kuukausina hieman ilman låmpotilasta (r=0,398. Koko poronhoitoalueella porokuolemien måårå riippui myos keskimååråisestå vuorokautisesta liikenteestå (r=0,445.Renarnas trafikdödlighet i Finland under åren 1974-1983Abstract in Swedish / Sammandrag: Under åren 1974—83 dog i trafiken i Finland sammanlagt 23.298 renar. Av dessa blev 19.692 påkorda (85,7% av bilar och 3.336 av tåg (14,3%. Under åren 1978—82 var merparten av de av bilar påkorda renarna vajor (52,2% och kalvar (24,6%. Renarnas landsvågsdodlighet koncentrerade sig till de små hårt trafikerade renbeteslagen i de mellersta och de sydliga delarna av renskotselområdet. Flest renar blev overkorda av bilar i Pudasjårvi, Kuusamo, Raudanjoki och Sodankyiå mårkesdistrikts renbeteslag. Den vårsta vågstråckan var riksvåg nr. 20 mellan Pudasjårvi och Taivalkoski, dår under åren 1978—82 sammanlagt 559 renar dog på en stråcka av 36 km. Den varsta jårnvågsstråckan var mellan li och Kemi, dår under åren 1976—82 i genomsnitt over 115 renar/10 km dog. Flest renar dog i trafiken i november, december och januari då snon var som mjukast och renarnas rorlighet forsvårades som mest. Under sommaren dog flest renar i juli—augusti. Under maj—september fanns det en korrelation mellan renarnas trafikdodlighet på landsvågarna och luftens temperatur (r=0,398. I hela renskotselområdet fanns det också en korrelation mellan rendodligheten och den genomsnittliga dygnstrafiken (r=0,445.

  2. Content and Language(s Integrated Learning in German. Einleitung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beate Lindemann

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren, liebe Kolleginnen und Kollegen, eigentlich wollten wir mit der vorliegenden ZIF-Ausgabe eine Handreichung zu CLILiG (content and languages integrated learning in German herausbringen, um KollegInnen weltweit Hinweise an die Hand zu geben, wenn sie sich mit dem Gedanken tragen, bilingualen Sachfachunterricht auf Deutsch vorzubereiten und anzubieten. Doch bereits bei der Vorbereitung bemerkten wir, dass das Thema zwar inzwischen hochaktuell ist, dass es aber auch an einschlägigen Publikationen – sowohl was CLIL an sich anbetrifft, als auch CLILiG im Speziellen –  keineswegs mangelt und dass etliche unserer angefragten Autorinnen und Autoren schon für andere Publikationen angefragt waren und entweder keine Zeit mehr hatten, sich an unserer Themenausgabe zu beteiligen, oder glaubten, im Rahmen der anderen Publikationen alles gesagt zu haben. So haben wir überlegt, dass wir gezielt auf bestimmte Aspekte eingehen, die in den anderen, insbesondere in diesem Jahr vorgelegten Publikationen zu CLIL und CLILiG, keinen so großen Raum einnehmen. So bieten wir Ihnen mit dieser ZIF einige ausgewählte CLILiG-Themen zur Diskussion, die Sie in dieser Form in den anderen Publikationen nicht vorfinden werden. Zu beachten sind die unterschiedlichen Perspektiven, die sich ergeben, wenn es sich um bilingualen Deutschunterricht an einer Schule oder um deutschen Fachunterricht an einer deutschen Schule handelt. Nach unserer Einleitung geht Frank G. Königs in seinem übergreifenden Beitrag auf das Verhältnis der verschiedenen Sprachen, egal ob Erstsprache, Zweitsprache oder Fremdsprache(n, ein und stellt Überlegungen zum Verhältnis von Einsprachigkeit und Zweisprachigkeit im Unterricht an, die insbesondere relevant für die Planungspraxis von CLILiG sind. Es folgen Beiträge zu generellen Aspekten von CLILiG: Lena Heine und Mirka Mainzer beschäftigen sich in ihren Ausführungen, denen man den Handreichungscharakter gl

  3. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1996-07-01

    Full Text Available -Bridget Brereton, Emilia Viotti Da Costa, Crowns of glory, tears of blood: The Demerara slave rebellion of 1823. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994. xix + 378 pp. -Grant D. Jones, Assad Shoman, 13 Chapters of a history of Belize. Belize city: Angelus, 1994. xviii + 344 pp. -Donald Wood, K.O. Laurence, Tobago in wartime 1793-1815. Kingston: The Press, University of the West Indies, 1995. viii + 280 pp. -Trevor Burnard, Howard A. Fergus, Montserrat: History of a Caribbean colony. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1994. x + 294 pp. -John L. Offner, Joseph Smith, The Spanish-American War: Conflict in the Caribbean and the Pacific, 1895-1902. London: Longman, 1994. ix + 262 pp. -Louis Allaire, John M. Weeks ,Ancient Caribbean. New York: Garland, 1994. lxxi + 325 pp., Peter J. Ferbel (eds -Aaron Segal, Hilbourne A. Watson, The Caribbean in the global political economy. Boulder CO: Lynne Rienner, 1994. ix + 261 pp. -Aaron Segal, Anthony P. Maingot, The United States and the Caribbean. London: Macmillan Caribbean, 1994. xi + 260 pp. -Bill Maurer, Helen I. Safa, The myth of the male breadwinner: Women and industrialization in the Caribbean. Boulder CO: Westview, 1995. xvi + 208 pp. -Peter Meel, Edward M. Dew, The trouble in Suriname, 1975-1993. Westport CT: Praeger, 1994. xv + 243 pp. -Henry Wells, Jorge Heine, The last Cacique: Leadership and politics in a Puerto Rican city. Pittsburgh PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993. ix + 310 pp. -Susan Eckstein, Jorge F. Pérez-López, Cuba at a crossroads: Politics and economics after the fourth party congress. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1994. xviii + 282 pp. -David A.B. Murray, Marvin Leiner, Sexual politics in Cuba: Machismo, homosexuality, and AIDS. Boulder CO: Westview, 1994. xv + 184 pp. -Kevin A. Yelvington, Selwyn Ryan ,Sharks and sardines: Blacks in business in Trinidad and Tobago. St. Augustine, Trinidad: Institute of social and economic studies, University of the West Indies, 1992

  4. 数字图像分析技术定量分析牙菌斑的效果评价%Evaluation of dental plaque by quantitative digital image analysis system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄振; 栾庆先

    2016-01-01

    目的:使用图像分析软件对牙菌斑染色图像进行分析,验证该技术的可操作性和实用性,考察该方法的可重复性,并评价不同菌斑染色方式对结果的影响。方法:从北京大学医学部口腔医学专业新入校学生中招募符合纳入标准的志愿者30人,菌斑染色后拍摄标准化口内前牙区数字图像,用Image Pro Plus 7.0软件进行图像分析,同时评价前牙区的Quigley-Hein菌斑指数。结果:图像分析计算所得菌斑染色面积百分比与临床检查记录的相应牙齿菌斑指数有较高的相关一致性,Spearman相关系数为0.776(P<0.01)。两名研究者用软件计算牙齿面积和菌斑面积的同类相关系数分别为0.956和0.930(P<0.01),Bland-Altman分析图显示仅有极个别的点在95%一致性界限以外。不同菌斑染色的图像分析结果显示,牙齿面积在两组间差异无统计学意义,但菌斑面积差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论:该方法较易于操作掌握,所计算的菌斑百分比与传统的菌斑指数有较高的一致性,且重复性好,不同菌斑染色方法对图像分割结果影响不大,宜选用对菌斑敏感的菌斑染色剂进行图像分析。%Objective:To analyze the plaque staining image by using image analysis software,to verify the maneuverability,practicability and repeatability of this technique,and to evaluate the influence of different plaque stains.Methods:In the study,30 volunteers were enrolled from the new dental students of Peking University Health Science Center in accordance with the inclusion criteria.The digital images of the anterior teeth were acquired after plaque stained according to filming standardization.The image analysis was performed using Image Pro Plus 7.0,and the Quigley-Hein plaque indexes of the anterior teeth were evaluated.Results:The plaque stain area percentage and the corresponding dental plaque in-dex were

  5. 质子泵抑制剂对NSAIDs相关小肠损伤大鼠HO-1表达的影响%Effects of Proton Pump Inhibitors on HO-1 Expression in Rats with NSAIDs-related Small Intestinal Injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈汉卿; 吕宾; 陈鸣艳; 张烁

    2011-01-01

    背景:长期使用非甾体消炎药(NSAIDs)可引起小肠黏膜炎症性病变.质子泵抑制剂(PPI)除抑酸外还具有抗炎和抗氧化作用,并可上调胃黏膜血红素加氧酶-1(HO-1)的表达.目的:探讨不同PPI对NSAIDs相关小肠损伤大鼠HO-1表达的影响.方法:将Sprague-Dawley大鼠随机分为空白对照组、模型组和4组PPI治疗组.给予大鼠双氯芬酸钠7.5 mg/kg灌胃,以制备NSAIDs相关小肠损伤大鼠模型.各PPI治疗组分别以奥美拉唑30 mg/kg、埃索美拉唑30mg/kg、雷贝拉唑15 mg/kg、兰索拉唑45 mg/kg灌胃治疗.实验第6 d,处死所有大鼠,观察小肠组织大体和病理变化,以实时荧光定量PCR和蛋白质印迹法分别检测小肠组织HO-1 mRNA和蛋白表达.结果:埃索美拉唑、雷贝拉唑、兰索拉唑治疗组大体和病理评分均显著低于模型组(P<0.05),雷贝拉唑、兰索拉唑治疗组小肠组织HO-1 mRNA和蛋白表达较模型组明显升高(P<0.05),而奥美拉唑治疗组上述指标与模型组相比均无明显差异.结论:不同PPI对NSAIDs相关小肠损伤的保护作用不同,其机制可能与上调HO-1 mRNA和蛋白表达有关,但奥美拉唑无明显保护作用.%Background: Long-term use of non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can cause inflammation of small intestinal mucosa. Besides inhibiting acid secretion, proton pump inhibitors (PPI) also have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Moreover, PPI can up-regulate the expression of gastric mucosal heine oxygenase-1 (HO-1). Aims: To study the effects of PPI on expression of HO-1 in rats with NSAIDs-related small intestinal injury. Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into six groups: blank control group, model group and 4 PPI treatment groups. Diclofenac sodium 7.5 mg/kg was given intragastrically to rats to establish the model of NSAIDs-related small intestinal injury. In the 4 PPI treatment groups, omeprazole 30 mg/kg, esomeprazole 30 mg/kg, rabeprazole 15

  6. Update of potency factors for asbestos-related lung cancer and mesothelioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berman, D Wayne; Crump, Kenny S

    2008-01-01

    The most recent update of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) health assessment document for asbestos (Nicholson, 1986, referred to as "the EPA 1986 update") is now 20 years old. That document contains estimates of "potency factors" for asbestos in causing lung cancer (K(L)'s) and mesothelioma (K(M)'s) derived by fitting mathematical models to data from studies of occupational cohorts. The present paper provides a parallel analysis that incorporates data from studies published since the EPA 1986 update. The EPA lung cancer model assumes that the relative risk varies linearly with cumulative exposure lagged 10 years. This implies that the relative risk remains constant after 10 years from last exposure. The EPA mesothelioma model predicts that the mortality rate from mesothelioma increases linearly with the intensity of exposure and, for a given intensity, increases indefinitely after exposure ceases, approximately as the square of time since first exposure lagged 10 years. These assumptions were evaluated using raw data from cohorts where exposures were principally to chrysotile (South Carolina textile workers, Hein et al., 2007; mesothelioma only data from Quebec miners and millers, Liddell et al., 1997) and crocidolite (Wittenoom Gorge, Australia miners and millers, Berry et al., 2004) and using published data from a cohort exposed to amosite (Paterson, NJ, insulation manufacturers, Seidman et al., 1986). Although the linear EPA model generally provided a good description of exposure response for lung cancer, in some cases it did so only by estimating a large background risk relative to the comparison population. Some of these relative risks seem too large to be due to differences in smoking rates and are probably due at least in part to errors in exposure estimates. There was some equivocal evidence that the relative risk decreased with increasing time since last exposure in the Wittenoom cohort, but none either in the South Carolina cohort up to 50

  7. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Nederveen Pieterse

    1991-04-01

    övel, V. Heeschen (eds. - M. Heins, K. Epskamp, Populaire cultuur op de planken; Theater, communicatie en Derde Wereld. Den Haag: CSEO Paperback no. 6, 1989., R. van ‘t Rood (eds. - Huub de Jonge, Thomas Höllman, Tabak in Südostasien; Ein ethnographisch-historischer Überblick, Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 1988. Bibl., tab., ill., append., 233 pp., - Nico de Jonge, Jowa Imre Kis-Jovak, Banua Toraja; Changing patterns in architecture and symbolism among the Sa’dan Toraja, Sulawesi - Indonesia. Amsterdam: Royal Tropical Institute, 1988, 135 pp., Hetty Nooy-Palm, Reimar Schefold (eds. - L. Laeyendecker, Jeffrey C. Alexander, Durkheimian sociology: Cultural analysis, Cambridge etc.: Cambridge University Press, 1988, 227 pp. - Thomas Lindblad, W.A.I.M. Segers, Changing economy in Indonesia. A selection of statistical source material from the early 19th century up to 1940. Vol 8. Manufacturing industry 1870-1942. Amsterdam, 1987. 224 pp. - C.L.J. van der Meer, Akira Suehiro, Capital accumulation in Thailand 1855-1985, The Centre for East Asian Cultural Studies, Tokyo, 1989. xviii + 427 pp., maps, figs, app. - Niels Mulder, Nancy Eberhardt, Gender, power, and the construction of the moral order: Studies from the Thai periphery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Centre for Southeast Asian Studies, Monograph 4, 1988. viii + 100 pages, softcover. - Gert Oostindie, Jan Nederveen Pieterse, Wit over zwart; Beelden van Afrika en zwarten in de Westerse populaire cultuur. Amsterdam: Koninklijk Insituut voor de Tropen, 1990. 259 pp., ills. - Gert Oostindie, Raymond Corbey, Wildheid en beschaving; De Europese verbeelding van Afrika. Baarn: Ambo, 1989. 182 pp., ills. - R. Ploeg, Inga Clendinnen, Ambivalent conquests; Maya and Spaniard in Yucatan, 1517-1570, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. xi + 243 pp. - S.O. Robson, Luigi Santa Maria, Papers from the III European Colloquium on Malay and Indonesian Studies. Istituto Universitario Orientale, Dipartimento di Studi Asiatici

  8. Hypertensive Encephalopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostafa SHARIFIAN

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available How to cite this article: Sharifian M. Hypertensive Encephalopathy. Iran J Child Neurol 2012; 6(3:1-7.Hypertension is called the silent killer and vital organs such as the brain, eyes,kidneys and the heart are the targets. Seizure, central nervous system (CNShemorrhage, and cerebrovascular accident (CVA, blindness and heart attacksare the end points.The prevalence of hypertension in children is much less than adults, but evidencereveals that the source of hypertension in adulthood goes back to childhood. In70-80% of cases hypertension is due to renal diseases. In children, hypertensiveencephalopathy (HE may be the first manifestation of renal diseases. Seizure isone of the most common manifestations of HE.In this article, definitions, etiology, pathophysiology and finally the acute andchronic managements of HE will be discussed.ReferencesSawicka K, Szczyrek M, Jastrzębska I, Prasal M, ZwolakA, Jadwiga D. Hypertension – The silent killer. J Pre-Clin Clin Res 2011;5(2:43-6.Croix B, Feig DI. Childhood hypertension is not a silent disease. Pediatr Nephrol 2006 Apr;21(4:527-32.Wong TY, Mitchell P. Hypertensive retinopathy. N Engl J Med 2004 Nov;351(22:2310-7.Krzesinski JM, Cohen EP.Hypertension and the kidney.Acta Clin Belg 2007 Jan-Feb;62(1:5-14.Report of the Second Task Force on Blood Pressure Control in Children – 1987. Task Force on Blood Pressure Control in Children. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, Maryland. Pediatrics 1987Jan;79(1:1-25.Update on the 1987 Task Force Report on High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents: a working group report from the National High Blood Pressure Education Program. National High Blood Pressure Education Program Working Group on Hypertension Control in Children and Adolescents. Pediatrics 1996 Oct;98(4 Pt1:649-58.Ataei N, Aghamohammadi A, Yousefi E, Hosseini M, Nourijelyani K, Tayebi M, et al. Blood pressure nomograms for school children in Iran. Pediatr Nephrol 2004 Feb;19

  9. FILOSOFI DAN PENERAPAN KONSEPSI BUNGA PADMA DALAM PERWUJUDAN ARSITEKTUR TRADISIONAL BALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Nyoman Widya Paramadhyaksa

    2016-09-01

    sacred flower in Hinduism and Buddhism. In Eastern art, padma is often used as a pedestal or character attributes of certain gods or goddess. In Bali, padma serves as the basic concept of the sacred structure form and eight directions. The splitting petals of padma are often associated with the presence of the eight cardinal directions guarded by eight major gods. This paper is a summary of the study which applied the methods of philosophical hermeneutics on the philosophy of padma and its relevance to the concept of the main wind direction known in the order of traditional Balinese architecture. In some parts, it is also described the application description of Padma concept various embodiments of the Balinese traditional architecture. The final result of this research shows that Padma concept applied on Bali island masterplan, Hindu temple mandalas, holy buildings and iconographic of traditional Balinese sacred statues. REFERENCES Altman, Nathaniel (2002. Sacred Water: The Spiritual Source of Life. New Jersey: Paulist Press. Beer, Robert (2003. The Handbook of Tibetan Buddhist Symbols. Chicago: Serindia Publications, Inc. Debroy, Bibek dan Dipavali Debroy (2005. The History of Puranas. New Delhi: Bharatiya Kala Prakashan. Dwipayana, A. A. G. N. Ari dan Putra, I Nyoman Darma (2004. Bali Menuju Jagaditha: aneka perspektif. Denpasar: Pustaka Bali Post. Eiseman, Fred B. dan Margaret H. Eiseman (1989. Bali, Sekala and Niskala: Essays on religion, ritual, and art. Volume 1. London: Periplus Editions. Gupte, Ramesh Shankar (1980. Iconography of the Hindus, Buddhists, and Jains. Delhi: D. B. Taraporevala Sons. Heine-Geldern, Robert (1956. Conceptions of State and Kingship in Southeast Asia. New York: SEAP Publications. Kapur, Sohaila (1983. Witchcraft in Western India. New Delhi: Orient Longman. MacDonell, Arthur Anthony (1974. A Prctical Sanskrit Dictionary: with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout. London: Oxford University Press. Manuaba

  10. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    1992-01-01

    the Spanish by Phillip Berryman. Maryknoll NY: Orbis, 1988. xii + 151 pp. -Fernando Picó, John M. Kirk, Between God and the party: religion and politics in revolutionary Cuba. Tampa FL: University of South Florida Press, 1989. xxi + 231 pp. -Andrés Serbin, Carmen Gautier Mayoral ,Puerto Rico en la economía política del Caribe, Río Piedras PR; Ediciones Huracán, 1990. 204 pp., Angel I. Rivera Ortiz, Idsa E. Alegría Ortega (eds -Andrés Serbin, Carmen Gautier Mayoral ,Puerto Rico en las relaciones internacionales del Caribe, Río Piedras PR: Ediciones Huracán, 1990. 195 pp., Angel I. Rivera Ortiz, Idsa E. Alegría Ortega (eds -Jay R. Mandle, Jorge Heine, A revolution aborted : the lessons of Grenada, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1990. x + 351 pp. -Douglas Midgett, Rhoda Reddock, Elma Francois: the NWCSA and the workers' struggle for change in the Caribbean in the 1930's, London: New Beacon Books, 1988. vii + 60 pp. -Douglas Midgett, Susan Craig, Smiles and blood: the ruling class response to the workers' rebellion of 1937 in Trinidad and Tobago, London: New Beacon Books, 1988. vii + 70 pp. -Ken Post, Carlene J. Edie, Democracy by default: dependency and clientelism in Jamaica, Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle Publishers, and Boulder CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1991. xiv + 170 pp. -Ken Post, Trevor Munroe, Jamaican politics: a Marxist perspective in transition, Kingston, Jamaica: Heinemann Publishers (Caribbean and Boulder CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1991. 322 pp. -Wendell Bell, Darrell E. Levi, Michael Manley: the making of a leader, Athens GA: University of Georgia Press, 1990, 349 pp. -Wim Hoogbergen, Mavis C. Campbell, The Maroons of Jamaica, 1655-1796: a history of resistance, collaboration and betrayal, Granby MA Bergin & Garvey, 1988. vi + 296 pp. -Kenneth M. Bilby, Rebekah Michele Mulvaney, Rastafari and reggae: a dictionary and sourcebook, Westport CT: Greenwood, 1990. xvi + 253 pp. -Robert Dirks, Jerome S. Handler ,Searching for a slave

  11. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ? Parakitri

    1991-10-01

    Full Text Available - Joan D. van Andel, H.E. Coomans, Building up the the future from the past; Studies on the architecture and historic monuments in the Dutch Caribbean, Zutphen: De Walburg Pers, 1990, 268 pp., M.A. Newton, M. Coomans-Eustatia (eds. - Rene van den Berg, James N. Sneddon, Studies in Sulawesi linguistics, Part I, 1989. NUSA, Linguistic studies of Indonesian and other languages in Indonesia, volume 31. Jakarta: Badan Penyelenggara Seri Nusa, Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya. - Thomas Crump, H. Beukers, Red-hair medicine: Dutch-Japanese medical relations. Amsterdam/Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, Publications for the Netherlands Association of Japanese studies No. 5, 1991., A.M. Luyendijk-Elshout, M.E. van Opstall (eds. - M. Heins, Kees P. Epskamp, Theatre in search of social change; The relative significance of different theatrical approaches. Den Haag: CESO Paperback no. 7, 1989. - Rudy De Iongh, Rainer Carle, Opera Batak; Das Wandertheater der Toba-Batak in Nord Sumatra. Schauspiele zur Währung kultureller Identität im nationalen Indonesischen Kontext. Veröffentlichungen des Seminars fur Indonesische und Südseesprachen der Universität Hamburg, Band 15/1 & 15/2 (2 Volumes, Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag, 1990. - P.E. de Josselin de Jong, Birgit Rottger-Rossler, Rang und Ansehen bei den Makassar von Gowa (Süd-Sulawesi, Indonesien, Kölner Ethnologische Studien, Band 15. Dietrich Reimar Verlag, Berlin, 1989. 332 pp. text, notes, glossary, literature. - John Kleinen, Vo Nhan Tri, Vietnam’s economic policy since 1975. Singapore: ASEAN Economic research unit, Institute of Southeast Asian studies, 1990. xii + 295 pp. - H.M.J. Maier, David Banks, From class to culture; Social conscience in Malay novels since independence, Yale, 1987. - Th. C. van der Meij, Robyn Maxwell, Textiles of Southeast Asia; Tradition, trade and transformation. Melbourne/Oxford/Auckland/New York: Australian National Gallery/Oxford University Press. - A.E. Mills, Elinor Ochs

  12. Using geoinformatics and cultural anthropology to identify links between land change, driving forces and actors in the Okavango catchment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Röder, Achim; Stellmes, Marion; Pröpper, Michael; Schneibel, Anne

    2015-04-01

    The recent acceleration of land use transformations, coupled with an increasing global population has manifested in an alteration of almost all terrestrial ecosystems (Millenium Ecosystem Assessment 2005). In particular, the extension and intensification of agricultural and pastoral uses has supported unprecedented rates of population growth (Ellis and Ramankutty 2008). However, this development stands opposed to increased greenhouse gas emissions, declining biodiversity, declining air quality and increasing soil degradation, being reflected in the general reduction in ecosystem services and functions (Sala, Chapin III et al. 2000; Butchart, Walpole et al. 2010; Banwart 2011; Lal 2013). Such global change processes are to a large degree driven by land-use transformations or modifications (Foley, Defries et al. 2005). These are in turn a result of the complex interaction of factors playing out at different scales, varying from global market dynamics through national policies to regional planning and local traditions (Hein, van Koppen et al. 2006). The Okavango Basin represents a highly complex social-ecological system, where the variation in physio-geographic characteristics is reflected by manifold livelihood strategies in the three adjacent countries Angola, Namibia and Botswana. In mostly rural areas, small-scale subsistence agriculture, livestock-keeping and the utilization of natural resources such as thatch grass, timber, fruits etc. have traditionally formed the basis for human well-being. These strategies are juxtaposed by recent urban and transportation infrastructure developments, the expansion of commodity markets, the creation of commercial irrigated farming schemes and dams for energy production, or the growing role of tourism, in particular in the Delta region, as a major source of income generation. At present, the three countries bordering the river have individual legislations governing the use of natural resources, which usually originate at

  13. FOREWORD: Some thoughts about Jürgen Hafner's work in computational materials science Some thoughts about Jürgen Hafner's work in computational materials science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heine, Volker

    2011-10-01

    and Kresse G 1994 Structral and electronic properties of clean and hydrogenated diamond (100) surfaces Europhys. Lett. 28 659-64 [10] Krajčí and Hafner J 2008 Ab-initio studies of quasicrystalline surfaces Quasicrystals (Handbook of Metal Physics vol 2) ed T Fujiwara and Y Ishii (Amsterdam: Elsevier) chapter 9, pp 313-55 [11] Raybaud P, Hafner J, Kresse G, Kasztelan S and Toulhoat H 2000 Structure, energetics and electronic properties of the surface of a promoted MoS2 catalyst: an ab-initio local-density-functional study J. Catalysis 190 128-43 [12] Hafner J, Benco L and Bucko T 2006 Acid-based catalysis in zeolites investigated by density-functional methods Top. Catalysis 37 41-54 [13] Hafner J 1989 Formation of polyanionic clusters in liquid potassium-lead alloys: a molecular-dynamics study J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 1 1133-40 [14] Meeks P E 1976 Vibrational spectra and topological structure of tetrahedrally bonded amorphous semiconductors Phil. Mag. 33 897-908 [15] See articles by Heine V, Bullet D, Haydock R and Kelly M J 1980 Solid State Physics—Advances in Research and Applications vol 35, ed H Ehrenreich, D Turnbull and F Seitz (New York: Academic) [16] Hafner J 1980 The dynamical properties of metallic glasses Liquids and Amorphous Metals (NATO-ASI Ser. E vol 36) ed E Lüscher and H Coufal (Sijthoff and Nordhoff: Alpen van Rijn) pp 199-209 [17] Hafner J 1987 From Hamiltonians to Phase Diagrams—The Electronic and Statistical-Mechanical Theory of sp-Bonded Metals and Alloys (Solid State Sciences Series vol 70) (Berlin: Springer) p 415 [18] Hafner J and Heine V 1983 The crystal structure of the elements: pseudopotential theory revisited J. Phys. F: Met. Phys. 13 2479-501 [19] Hafner J and Kahl G 1984 The structure of the elements in the liquid state J. Phys. F: Met. Phys. 14 2259-78 [20] Denton A R and Hafner J 1997 Thermodynamically stable one-component quasicrystals: a density-functional survey of relative stabilities Phys. Rev. B 56 2469-82 [21] Hafner J

  14. Effects of forest fertilization on nitrate and crude protein content in some important reindeer forage species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustaf Åhman

    1984-05-01

    å hosten var mycket liten. Ett år efter gödsling registrerades en förhöjning av råproteinhalten med ett par procentenheter i ris och kruståtel (tabell 3. En viss effekt kvarstod fortfarande efter tre år. Gödslingen medförde en mycket kraftig vegetativ utveckling av kruståtel. Detta resulterade bland annat i att kruståteln bildade en matta av vissnade blad och strån på hosten (bild 3 - 5.Metsånlannoituksen vaikutusjoidenkintårkeiden poronlaidunkasvien nitraatti- ja raakavalkuaispitoisuuksiin.Abstract in Finnish / Yhteenveto: Lannoitettaessa metsiå joilla laiduunetaan poroja voi sattua, ettå porot nielevåt ammoniumnitraattia joko syomalla lannoiterakeita suoraan maasta tai juomaveden kautta. Ne voivat myos saada nitraattia kasveista, jotka ovat absorboineet ja varastoineet sitå. Tima raportti kåsittelee jålkimmåistå vaihtoehtoa. Tåman lisåksi selvitellåån lannoituksen vaikutusta laidunkasvien raakavalkuaispitoisuuksiin. Tutkimus suositettiin kahdella koealueella. Toinen mantymetsåalue oli kuivaa, toinen taas tuoretta varputyyppia. Alueet sijaitsivat 10 km ja 15 km Lyckselestå luoteeseen. Kokeissa sovellettiin kolmea ammoniumnitraattilannoitus-tasoa (75, 150 ja 250 kg N/ha ja yhtå ureatasoa (150 kg N/ha. Lannoitteita levitettiin kahtena ajankohtana, kesåkuussa ja vastaavasti heinåkuussa. Tutkimusta vanen, jonka kohteena oli metsånlannoituksen vaikutus joidenkin tarkeiden poronlaidunkasvien nitraatti- ja raakavalkuaispitoisuuksiin, otettiin naytteita poronjåkalåsta, kanervasta, variksenmarjasta, puolukan- ja mustikanvarvusta ja metsålauhasta eri ajankohtina lannoituksen jalkeen. Poronjakåla ei merkittavåsti kontaminoitunut nitraatilla. Korkein loydetty arvo oli 0,013% nitraati-N kuiva-aineessa (taulukko 1. Nitraattia keråantyi myos vahan varpuihin ja metsalauhaan (taulukko 2. Korkeimmat arvot (0,05% havaittiin kanervassa. Mitatut konsentraatiot olivat selvåsti alle porolle vaarallisen tason. Lannoituksen vaikutus poronlaidunkasvien

  15. FOREWORD: Tackling inverse problems in a Banach space environment: from theory to applications Tackling inverse problems in a Banach space environment: from theory to applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuster, Thomas; Hofmann, Bernd; Kaltenbacher, Barbara

    2012-10-01

    of concrete instances with special properties. The aim of this special section is to provide a forum for highly topical ongoing work in the area of regularization in Banach spaces, its numerics and its applications. Indeed, we have been lucky enough to obtain a number of excellent papers both from colleagues who have previously been contributing to this topic and from researchers entering the field due to its relevance in practical inverse problems. We would like to thank all contributers for enabling us to present a high quality collection of papers on topics ranging from various aspects of regularization via efficient numerical solution to applications in PDE models. We give a brief overview of the contributions included in this issue (here ordered alphabetically by first author). In their paper, Iterative regularization with general penalty term—theory and application to L1 and TV regularization, Radu Bot and Torsten Hein provide an extension of the Landweber iteration for linear operator equations in Banach space to general operators in place of the inverse duality mapping, which corresponds to the use of general regularization functionals in variational regularization. The L∞ topology in data space corresponds to the frequently occuring situation of uniformly distributed data noise. A numerically efficient solution of the resulting Tikhonov regularization problem via a Moreau-Yosida appriximation and a semismooth Newton method, along with a δ-free regularization parameter choice rule, is the topic of the paper L∞ fitting for inverse problems with uniform noise by Christian Clason. Extension of convergence rates results from classical source conditions to their generalization via variational inequalities with a priori and a posteriori stopping rules is the main contribution of the paper Regularization of linear ill-posed problems by the augmented Lagrangian method and variational inequalities by Klaus Frick and Markus Grasmair, again in the context of some

  16. Reindeer husbandry and forestry in the reindeer herding district of Poikajärvi during the years 1963 — 1984

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarina Kupiainen

    2010-06-01

    älttää. Laajat metsien avohakkuut ja aurakset ovat supistaneet erityisesti porojen talvilaitumia. Talvclla poro kaivaa jäkälää (Cladina sp.. lumen alta ja siirtyy hangen kovetessa syömään luppoa (Alectoria ja Bryoria spp.. Jäkäliköt ovat kuitenkin kovin kuluneita ja parhaat luppometsät on hakattu. Poikajärven paliskunnan (66°30' — 67°10'N pinta-ala on 2507 km2, josta valtionmaata 1 474.5 km2 (59%. Vuosien 1963 — 1984 keskimääräinen lukuporotiheys on ollut 1.5 poroa/km2. Viimeisen20 vuoden aikana on Poikajärven valtionmaan alasta käsitelty uudistushakkuilla, pääasiassa avohakkuilla, 9.8% ja kasvatushakkuilla 19.6%. Erilaisilla maanmuokkausmenetelmillä on käsitelty 8.7%, valtaosa auraamalla. Tuoreista kankaista on avohakattu ja aurattu noin 24%. Paliskunnan valtionmetsien arvioitu hakkuukertymä on vuodesta 1976, lähtien jatkuvasti kasvanut ja oli vuonna 1984 noin 140 600 m3. Vuodesta 1963 lähtien lukuporojen määrä on vähentynyt keskimäärin 60 porolla vuodessa. Määrä on vaihdellut 4939 ja 2866 poron välillä. Vuosina 1963 — 1984 on teurastettu keskimäärin 1 425 poroa vuodessa. Vasojen osuus teurastetuista on kasvanut ja viime vuosina se on ollut lähes 80%. Poronlihantuotanto on ollut keskimäärin 36 400 kg vuodessa. Porojen lis'äruokintaa on Poikajärven paliskunnassa harjoitettu vuodesta 1969 lähtien. Lisäruokintaan käytetyn heinän määrä on kasvanut noin 5.5 kg:sta lähes 20 kg:an lukuporoa kohti. Samanaikaisesti on lukuporojen ja teurastettujen määrä sekä lihantuotanto laskenut.

  17. PREFACE: A tribute to Virginio Bortolani

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brivio, Gian Paolo

    2007-08-01

    published by Plenum Press in 1990, are still a classic in surface science, and we often refer to them as the 'red book' by the colour of its cover reminiscent of another more famous book. But I do not wish to dwell upon pleasant memories of my relationship with Virginio Bortolani any longer. We should better record a few important facts of his broad activity. J P Toennies will outline Bortolani's achievements in the field of surface phonons and vibrations in a review article of this volume. So I would like to stress other very important contributions of his to the scientific development in this country and to the international community. In the late seventies surface physics was being studied by very few and tiny groups in Italy (mainly at Genova, Milano and Roma Universities). But Bortolani was able to form the first theoretical group of international reputation in this field in Italy at Modena University. In this respect he was surely helped by his previous experience at the Cavendish Laboratory working with V Heine on the theory of pseudopotentials and with N Mott. This allowed him to be at the forefront of condensed matter theory so that to propose and carry out exciting research subjects. Bortolani also supervised all the initiatives in the 70s and 80s from which Modena has grown so much as to be now considered an internationally recognized centre of surface science and nanotechnology. Second, by organizing a conference in Modena every year the week before Christmas (the so-called Congressino di Modena by the Italian participants), he promoted the diffusion of surface physics in the country: it became soon traditional for bright young physicists to come to Modena on that occasion, and, because of the exciting and friendly atmosphere, to turn to surface investigations. The catalysing activity of Bortolani is also confirmed by the number of his students who have matured into excellent scientists or technologists: Carlo Calandra, Carlo Maria Bertoni, Franca Manghi

  18. Foreword: Sir John Pendry FRS Sir John Pendry FRS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inglesfield, John; Echenique, Pedro

    2008-07-01

    John Pendry John Inglesfield and Pedro Echenique write: John Pendry's 65th birthday is on 4 July 2008, and this issue of the Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter is dedicated to him, with articles by friends, colleagues, and former students. By any standards, John Pendry is a great scientist, who has made—and continues to make—an enormous contribution to physics; the wide range of his interests is reflected in the scope of these articles. Not many scientists can establish a completely new and unexpected area of research, but this has been John's achievement in the last few years in the field of metamaterials, materials whose electromagnetic properties depend on their structure rather than the materials of which the structure is built. In this way, structures with effectively negative electrical permittivity and negative magnetic permeability can be constructed, demonstrating negative refraction; through metamaterials scientists now have access to properties not found in nature, and never previously explored experimentally. Never a week goes by without a potential new application of metamaterials, whether it is perfect lensing, or the cloak of invisibility. This has certainly led to tremendous visibility for John himself, with guest lectures all over the world, and radio and television appearances. John Pendry's first paper was published exactly 40 years ago, 'Analytic properties of pseudopotentials' [1], and since then he has published 310 articles at the latest count. But this first paper already reflected something of the way John works. His PhD project, with Volker Heine at the Cavendish Laboratory, was to interpret the scattering of low energy electrons from surfaces, the technique of LEED which was to become the method of choice for determining surface structure. Although the energy of the electrons in LEED is relatively low—say 50 eV—it is much higher than the energy of the conduction electrons, for which pseudopotentials had been devised, and John