WorldWideScience

Sample records for lying resonance states

  1. Low-Lying Resonance States of Slow Electron Collisions With Atomic Oxygen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴建华; 袁建民

    2003-01-01

    A 39-target state close-coupling calculation of low-energy electron scattering from atomic oxygen is carried out with core-valence electron correlation by using R-matrix method. It is shown that the elastic cross section has a huge and sharp increase with the electron energy going down below 1eV. This remarkable structure is attributed to a few very low-lying potential resonances and the features of these resonances are given with partial cross sections. It is also shown that after considering excitations of two electrons from 2s shell, the three lowest atomic energy levels are in agreement with experimental results better than that just considering excitations of two electrons from the 2p shell as well as only one electron from the 2s shell. Elastic and two excitation (3P → 1 D and 3p → 1S) cross sections are given and compared with the other theoretical and experimental results.

  2. alpha. - d resonances and the low-lying states of sup 6 Li

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eskandarian, A.; Afnan, I.R. (School of Physical Sciences, The Flinders University of South Australia, Bedford Park, South Australia 5042 (Australia))

    1992-12-01

    The low-lying states (below the {sup 3}He-{sup 3}H threshold) of the {sup 6}Li nucleus are generated using three-body models with two-body nonlocal separable interactions between the constituent particles. The positions and widths of the states are determined by searching for the eigenvalues of the kernel of the Faddeev equations in the complex energy plane. When appropriate (for {ital T}=0 states only), the results are compared with a separate determination of these quantities from the {alpha}-{ital d} scattering process. All experimentally observed levels are found. Given that the Coulomb interaction is not included in our calculations, agreement with experiment is favorable for both the positions and the widths of the resonances.

  3. α-d resonances and the low-lying states of 6Li

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eskandarian, A.; Afnan, I. R.

    1992-12-01

    The low-lying states (below the 3-3H threshold) of the 6Li nucleus are generated using three-body models with two-body nonlocal separable interactions between the constituent particles. The positions and widths of the states are determined by searching for the eigenvalues of the kernel of the Faddeev equations in the complex energy plane. When appropriate (for T=0 states only), the results are compared with a separate determination of these quantities from the α-d scattering process. All experimentally observed levels are found. Given that the Coulomb interaction is not included in our calculations, agreement with experiment is favorable for both the positions and the widths of the resonances.

  4. Semiclassical states on Lie algebras

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsobanjan, Artur, E-mail: artur.tsobanjan@gmail.com [King’s College, 133 North River Street, Kingston, Pennsylvania 18702 (United States)

    2015-03-15

    The effective technique for analyzing representation-independent features of quantum systems based on the semiclassical approximation (developed elsewhere) has been successfully used in the context of the canonical (Weyl) algebra of the basic quantum observables. Here, we perform the important step of extending this effective technique to the quantization of a more general class of finite-dimensional Lie algebras. The case of a Lie algebra with a single central element (the Casimir element) is treated in detail by considering semiclassical states on the corresponding universal enveloping algebra. Restriction to an irreducible representation is performed by “effectively” fixing the Casimir condition, following the methods previously used for constrained quantum systems. We explicitly determine the conditions under which this restriction can be consistently performed alongside the semiclassical truncation.

  5. On properties of low-lying spin-1 hadron resonances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chizhov, M. V.

    2017-03-01

    Properties of low-lying spin-1 hadron resonances are described in the review. It is shown how the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model can be extended in the chiral invariant way by new tensor interactions. New mass formulas are obtained, which are not based on unitary symmetry groups but involve particles from different multiplets even with opposite parity. They all are in good agreement with experimental data. Dynamic properties of spin-1 mesons confirmed by the calculations performed using the QCD sum rule technique and the lattice calculations are understood and explained.

  6. Higher lying resonances in low-energy electron scattering with carbon monoxide

    CERN Document Server

    Dora, Amar; Chakrabarti, Kalyan

    2016-01-01

    R-matrix calculations on electron collisions with CO are reported whose aim is to identify any higher-lying resonances above the well-reported and lowest $^2\\Pi$ resonance at about 1.6~eV. Extensive tests with respect to basis sets, target models and scattering models are performed. The final results are reported for the larger cc-pVTZ basis set using a 50 state close-coupling (CC) calculation. The Breit-Wigner eigenphase sum and the time-delay methods are used to detect and fit any resonances. Both these methods find a very narrow $^2\\Sigma^+$ symmetry Feshbach-type resonance very close to the target excitation threshold of the b $^3\\Sigma^+$ state which lies at 12.9 eV in the calculations. This resonance is seen in the CC calculation using cc-pVTZ basis set while a CC calculation using the cc-pVDZ basis set does not produce this feature. The electronic structure of CO$^-$ is analysed in the asymptotic region, 45 molecular states are found to correlate with states dissociating to an anion and an atom. Electr...

  7. Low-lying resonances in the {sup 16}B nucleus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dufour, M., E-mail: marianne.dufour@ires.in2p3.f [IPHC Bat27, IN2P3-CNRS/Universite de Strasbourg, BP28, F-67037 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France); Descouvemont, P., E-mail: pdesc@ulb.ac.b [Physique Nucleaire Theorique et Physique Mathematique, C.P. 229, Universite Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), B 1050 Brussels (Belgium)

    2011-01-31

    We investigate the {sup 16}B spectrum within a microscopic {sup 15}B + n model, involving several channels. The wave functions are defined in the Generator Coordinate Method, associated with the microscopic R-matrix formalism. We suggest that the narrow peak observed in recent experiments above the {sup 15}B + n threshold can be assigned to a 0{sup -} resonance which decays by d-wave neutron emission. The GCM calculation shows that this state cannot be reproduced in a single-channel {sup 15}B(3/2{sup -})+n model, and that excited configurations are necessary. Other 1{sup -} and 2{sup -}s-wave resonances are found at low excitation energies. In particular, we find a 1{sup -} state which represents a possible candidate for the {sup 16}B ground state. In general, our results show the importance of a multichannel framework. Comparisons with shell-model calculations are briefly discussed.

  8. On the low-lying states of TiC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauschlicher, C. W., Jr.; Siegbahn, P. E. M.

    1984-01-01

    The ground and low-lying excited states of TiC are investigated using a CASSCF-externally contracted CI approach. The calculations yield a 3Sigma(+) ground state, but the 1Sigma(+) state is only 780/cm higher and cannot be ruled out. The low-lying states have some triple bond character. The nature of the bonding and origin of the states are discussed.

  9. On the low-lying states of TiC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauschlicher, C. W., Jr.; Siegbahn, P. E. M.

    1984-01-01

    The ground and low-lying excited states of TiC are investigated using a CASSCF-externally contracted CI approach. The calculations yield a 3Sigma(+) ground state, but the 1Sigma(+) state is only 780/cm higher and cannot be ruled out. The low-lying states have some triple bond character. The nature of the bonding and origin of the states are discussed.

  10. Low-lying states in 8B

    CERN Document Server

    Mitchell, J P; Johnson, E D; Baby, L T; Kemper, K W; Moro, A M; Peplowski, P N; Volya, A; Wiedenhoever, I

    2010-01-01

    Excitation functions of elastic and inelastic 7Be+p scattering were measured in the energy range between 1.6 and 2.8 MeV in the c.m. An R-matrix analysis of the excitation functions provides strong evidence for new positive parity states in 8B. A new 2+ state at an excitation energy of 2.55 MeV was observed and a new 0+ state at 1.9 MeV is tentatively suggested. The R-matrix and Time Dependent Continuum Shell Model were used in the analysis of the excitation functions. The new results are compared to the calculations of contemporary theoretical models.

  11. Prospects of functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging as lie detector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena eRusconi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Following the demise of the polygraph, supporters of assisted scientific lie detection tools have enthusiastically appropriated neuroimaging technologies as the savior of scientifically verifiable lie detection in the courtroom (Gerard, 2008: 5; however, such enthusiasm may prove premature. For in nearly every article published by independent researchers in peer reviewed journals, the respective authors acknowledge that fMRI research, processes, and technology are insufficiently developed and understood for gatekeepers to even consider introducing these neuroimaging measures into criminal courts as they stand today for the purpose of determining the veracity of statements made. Regardless of how favorable their analyses of fMRI or its future potential, they all acknowledge the presence of issues yet to be resolved. Even assuming a future where these issues are resolved and an appropriate fMRI lie-detection process is developed, its integration into criminal trials is not assured for the very success of such a future system may necessitate its exclusion from courtrooms on the basis of existing legal and ethical prohibitions. In this piece, aimed for a multidisciplinary readership, we seek to highlight and bring together the multitude of hurdles which would need to be successfully overcome before fMRI can (if ever be a viable applied lie detection system. We argue that the current status of fMRI studies on lie detection meets neither basic legal nor scientific standards. We identify four general classes of hurdles (scientific, legal and ethical, operational, and social and provide an overview on the stages and operations involved in fMRI studies, as well as the difficulties of translating these laboratory protocols into a practical criminal justice environment. It is our overall conclusion that fMRI is unlikely to constitute a viable lie detector for criminal courts.

  12. On the low lying singlet states of BeO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauschlicher, C. W., Jr.; Lengsfield, B. H.; Yarkony, D. R.

    1980-01-01

    Calculations of the ground and low-lying singlet states of BeO are performed in order to gain an understanding of the techniques needed to treat the excited states of other, more complex, ionic molecules. The MCSCF and CI calculations are based on a Gaussian basis set of slightly better than double zeta plus polarization quality for single configuration descriptions of the states. The calculated X-A and X-B state separations are found to be in agreement with experimental measurements. The 1 Sigma - and 1 Delta states are predicted to lie approximately 40,000 kaysers above the ground state and are identified as the C and D states.The 2 1 Pi state is found to be approximately 15,000 kaysers and the 3 1 Sigma + state is found to be approximately 65,000 kaysers above the ground state.

  13. Qualitative analysis of low-lying resonances of the dipositronium emerging from Ps-Ps and Ps-Ps* collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Bao, C G

    1999-01-01

    An analysis of the channel wave functions is made to clarify the types of resonance emerging from Ps-Ps and Ps-Ps* collisions. The ordering of the energy levels of the states of the dipositronium is evaluated based on the inherent nodal structures of wave functions and on existing theoretical results. A few very probable low-lying narrower resonances, namely the 0+(A2), 1-(E),..., benefiting from the centrifugal barrier have been proposed.

  14. Qualitative Analysis of Low-Lying Resonances of the Dipositronium Emerging from Ps-Ps and Ps-Ps Collisions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAO Cheng-Guang; SHI Ting-Yun

    2000-01-01

    An analysis of channel wave functions is made to clarify the types of resonance emergingfrom the Ps-Ps andPs-Ps* collisions. The ordering of the energy levels of the states of the dipositronium is evaluated based on theinherent nodal structures of wave functions and on the existing theoretical results. The existence of a few veryprobable low-lying narrower resonances, namely the 0+1 (A2), 1-1-(E), ..., benefiting from the centrifugal barrierhas been suggested.

  15. Cluster Decay of the High-lying excited states in $^{14}$C

    CERN Document Server

    Tian, Z Y; Li, Z H; Lin, C J; Li, Q T; Ge, Y C; Lou, J L; Jiang, W; Li, J; Yang, Z H; Feng, J; Li, P J; Chen, J; Liu, Q; Zang, H L; Yang, B; Zhang, Y; Chen, Z Q; Liu, Y; Sun, X H; Ma, J; Jia, H M; Xu, X X; Yang, L; Ma, N R; Sun, L J

    2016-01-01

    A cluster-transfer experiment of $^9\\rm{Be}(^9\\rm{Be},^{14}\\rm{C}\\rightarrow\\alpha+^{10}\\rm{Be})\\alpha$ at an incident energy of 45 MeV was carried out in order to investigate the molecular structure in high-lying resonant states in $^{14}$C. This reaction is of extremely large $Q$-value, making it an excellent case to select the reaction mechanism and the final states in outgoing nuclei. The high-lying resonances in $^{14}$C are reconstructed for three sets of well discriminated final states in $^{10}$Be. The results confirm the previous decay measurements with clearly improved decay-channel selections and show also a new state at 23.5(1) MeV. The resonant states at 22.4(3) and 24.0(3) MeV decay primarily into the typical molecular states at about 6 MeV in $^{10}$Be, indicating a well developed cluster structure in these high-lying states in $^{14}$C. Further measurements of more states of this kind are suggested.

  16. Cluster decay of the high-lying excited states in 14C

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Z. Y.; Ye, Y. L.; Li, Z. H.; Lin, C. J.; Li, Q. T.; Ge, Y. C.; Lou, J. L.; Jiang, W.; Li, J.; Yang, Z. H.; Feng, J.; Li, P. J.; Chen, J.; Liu, Q.; Zang, H. L.; Yang, B.; Zhang, Y.; Chen, Z. Q.; Liu, Y.; Sun, X. H.; Ma, J.; Jia, H. M.; Xu, X. X.; Yang, L.; Ma, N. R.; Sun, L. J.

    2016-11-01

    A cluster-transfer experiment of 9Be(9Be,14C → α+10Be)α at an incident energy of 45 MeV was carried out in order to investigate the molecular structure in high-lying resonant states in 14C. This reaction is of extremely large Q-value, making it an excellent case to select the reaction mechanism and the final states in outgoing nuclei. The high-lying resonances in 14C are reconstructed for three sets of well discriminated final states in 10Be. The results confirm the previous decay measurements with clearly improved decay-channel selections and also show a new state at 23.5(1) MeV. The resonant states at 22.4(3) and 24.0(3) MeV decay primarily into the typical molecular states at about 6 MeV in 10Be, indicating a well developed cluster structure in these high-lying states in 14C. Further measurements of more states of this kind are suggested. Supported by the 973 Program of China (2013 CB834402) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (11275011, 11535004)

  17. The Low-Lying Electronic States of Mg2(+)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricca, Alessandra; Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.

    1994-01-01

    The low-lying doublet and quartet states of Mg+ have been studied using a multireference configuration interaction approach. The effect of inner-shell correlation has been included using the core-polarization potential method. The computed spectroscopic constants, lifetimes, and oscillator strengths should help resolve the difference between the recent experiments and previous theoretical calculations.

  18. Low-lying Resonances and Relativistic Screening in Big Bang Nucleosynthesis

    CERN Document Server

    Famiano, Michael A; Kajino, Toshitaka

    2016-01-01

    We explore effects of the screening due to the relativistic electron-positron plasma and presence of resonances in the secondary reactions leading to A=7 nuclei during the Big Bang Nucleosynthesis. In particular, we investigate and examine possible low-lying resonances in the 7Be(3He, g)10C reaction and examine the resultant destruction of 7Be for various resonance locations and strengths. While a resonance in the 10C compound nucleus is thought to have negligible effects we explore the possibility of an enhancement from plasma screening that may adjust the final 7Be abundance. We find the effects of relativistic screening and possible low-lying resonances to be relatively small in the standard Early Universe models.

  19. Testing the tetraquark structure for the X resonances in the low-lying region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hungchong [Kookmin University, Department of General Education, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, K.S. [Korea Aerospace University, School of Liberal Arts and Science, Goyang (Korea, Republic of); Cheoun, Myung-Ki [Soongsil University, Department of Physics, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Jido, Daisuke [Tokyo Metropolitan University, Department of Physics, Hachioji, Tokyo (Japan); Oka, Makoto [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Department of Physics, Meguro (Japan); Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Advanced Science Research Center, Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan)

    2016-07-15

    Assuming the four-quark structure for the X resonances in the low-lying region, we calculate their masses using the color-spin interaction. Specifically, the hyperfine masses of the color-spin interaction are calculated for the possible states in spin-0, spin-1, spin-2 channels. The two states in spin-0 channel as well as the two states in spin-1 channel are diagonalized in order to generate the physical hyperfine masses. By matching the difference in hyperfine masses with the splitting in corresponding hadron masses and using the X(3872) mass as an input, we estimate the masses corresponding to the states J{sup PC} = 0{sup ++}, 1{sup +-}, 2{sup ++}. We find that the masses of two states in 1{sup +-} are close to those of X(3823), X(3900), and the mass of the 2{sup ++} state is close to that of X(3940). For them, the discrepancies are about ∝ 10 MeV. This may suggest that the quantum numbers of the controversial states are X(3823) = 1{sup +-}, X(3900) = 1{sup +-}, X(3940) = 2{sup ++}. In this work, we use the same inputs parameters, the constituent quark masses and the strength of the color-spin interaction, that have been adopted in the previous work on the D- or B-meson excited states. There, it was shown that the four-quark structure can be manifested in their excited states. Thus, our results in this work provide a consistent treatment on open- and hidden-charm mesons as far as the four-quark model is concerned. (orig.)

  20. On the low-lying states of CuO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagus, P. S.; Nelin, C. J.; Bauschlicher, C. W., Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Self consistent field and correlated wave functions have been computed for the ground and for several low-lying states of CuO. The ground state is X(2)PI and the lowest excited state, at approximately 8,000/cm above X(2)PI, is a previously unidentified 2-sigma(+) state. The separation of these states is compared to that for the similar states of KO and is analysed in terms of integrals between orbitals of the separated free ions. A classification of the states of the molecule based on states of Cu(+) and O(-) which leads to a division into manifolds of states arising from Cu(+) 3d(10) and Cu(+) 3d(9) 4s(1) is considered. It is predicted that the state of the 3d(9) 4s(1) manifold are 10,000 to 30,000/cm above the ground state and assign the observed A2-sigma(+) state at 16,500/cm to this manifold.

  1. Lying in the scanner: covert countermeasures disrupt deception by functional magnetic resonance imaging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ganis, G.; Rosenfeld, J.P.; Meixner, J.; Kievit, R.A.; Schendan, H.

    2010-01-01

    Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have documented differences between deceptive and honest responses. Capitalizing on this research, companies marketing fMRI-based lie detection services have been founded, generating methodological and ethical concerns in scientific and legal comm

  2. Lying in the scanner: covert countermeasures disrupt deception detection by functional magnetic resonance imaging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ganis, G.; Rosenfeld, J.P.; Meixner, J.; Kievit, R.A.; Schendan, H.E.

    2011-01-01

    Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have documented differences between deceptive and honest responses. Capitalizing on this research, companies marketing fMRI-based lie detection services have been founded, generating methodological and ethical concerns in scientific and legal comm

  3. A theoretical study of the low-lying states of Ti2 and Zr2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Partridge, Harry; Langhoff, Stephen R.; Rosi, Marzio

    1991-01-01

    The low-lying states of Ti2 and the valence isoelectronic Zr2 are examined theoretically by means of a multireference configuration-interaction (MRCI) method. MRCI calculations demonstrate that two of the Zr2 states are very low-lying and that the resulting vertical excitation is consistent with the optical spectrum of Zr2. The ground state is predicted for Ti2 on the basis of valence correlation with the MRCI method and the average coupled-pair functional technique. Calculations of the inner-shell correlation effects are estimated and found to lower the 3Delta g state to a ground state, and another to a very low-lying state. The ground state of Ti2 is assigned to 3Delta g since it is lower than the other state at all levels of correlation and is derived from the same atomic asymptote. This conclusion is supported by the lack of an electron-spin resonance signal but contradicts the absence of subcomponents on the Raman spectral lines.

  4. Low lying charmonium states at the physical point

    CERN Document Server

    Mohler, Daniel; Kronfeld, Andreas S; Lee, Song-haeng; Levkova, Ludmila; Simone, J N

    2014-01-01

    We present results for the mass splittings of low-lying charmonium states from a calculation with Wilson clover valence quarks with the Fermilab interpretation on an asqtad sea. We use five lattice spacings and two values of the light sea quark mass to extrapolate our results to the physical point. Sources of systematic uncertainty in our calculation are discussed and we compare our results for the 1S hyperfine splitting, the 1P-1S splitting and the P-wave spin orbit and tensor splittings to experiment.

  5. Radiative Decays of Low-Lying Excited-State Hyperons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taylor, Simon [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)

    2000-05-01

    The quark wave-functions of the lower-lying excited-state hyperons Lambda(1405), Sigma(1385), and Lambda(1520) are not well understood. For example, the Lambda(1405) may not be a regular three-quark state but a $\\bar{K}$N molecule. Several competing models have been proposed, but none have been convincingly eliminated. Measuring radiative decays provides a means of discriminating between the models. The radiative branching of ratios are predicted to be small (~1%), but the radiative widths vary by factors of 2-10 from model to model. The existing experimental data is sparse and inconsistent; moreover, the radiative decay of the Sigma(1385) has never been observed before (except for one event). These lower-lying excited state hypersons were produced in a tagged photon-beam experiment in the CLAS detector at TJNAF in the reaction gamma p → K+ Y* for photon energies from threshold to 2.4 GeV. The radiative branching ration for the Sigma0(1385) relative to the Sigma0(1385) → Lambda pi0 channel was measured to be 0.021 ± 0.008$+0.004\\atop{-0.007}$, corresponding to a partial width of 640 ± 270$+130\\atop{-220}$ keV.

  6. Low-lying dipole resonance in neutron-rich Ne isotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Kenichi; van Giai, Nguyen

    2008-07-01

    Microscopic structure of the low-lying isovector dipole excitation mode in neutron-rich Ne26,28,30 is investigated by performing deformed quasiparticle-random-phase-approximation (QRPA) calculations. The particle-hole residual interaction is derived from a Skyrme force through a Landau-Migdal approximation. We obtain the low-lying resonance in Ne26 at around 8.6 MeV. It is found that the isovector dipole strength at ExThomas-Reiche-Kuhn dipole sum rule. This excitation mode is composed of several QRPA eigenmodes, one is generated by a ν(2s1/2-12p3/2) transition dominantly and the other mostly by a ν(2s1/2-12p1/2) transition. The neutron excitations take place outside of the nuclear surface reflecting the spatially extended structure of the 2s1/2 wave function. In Ne30, the deformation splitting of the giant resonance is large, and the low-lying resonance overlaps with the giant resonance.

  7. Electromagnetic structure of the lowest-lying decuplet resonances in covariant chiral perturbation theory

    CERN Document Server

    Geng, L S; Vacas, M J Vicente

    2009-01-01

    We present a calculation of the leading SU(3)-breaking $\\mathcal{O}(p^3)$-corrections to the electromagnetic moments and charge radius (CR) of the lowest-lying decuplet resonances in covariant chiral perturbation theory. In particular, the magnetic dipole moment (MDM) of the members of the decuplet is predicted fixing the only low-energy constant (LEC) present up to this order with the well measured MDM of the $\\Omega^-$. We predict $\\mu_\\Delta^{++}=6.04(13)$ and $\\mu_\\Delta^+=2.84(2)$ which agree well with the current experimental information. For the electric quadrupole moment (EQM) and the CR we use state-of-the-art lattice QCD results to determine the corresponding LECs, whereas for the magnetic octupole moment (MOM) there is no unknown LEC up to the order considered here and we obtain a pure prediction. We compare our results with those reported in large $N_c$, lattice QCD, heavy-baryon chiral perturbation theory and other models.

  8. Low-lying π∗ resonances associated with cyano groups: A CAP/SAC-CI study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehara, Masahiro; Kanazawa, Yuki; Sommerfeld, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    The complex absorbing potential (CAP)/symmetry-adapted cluster-configuration interaction (SAC-CI) method is applied to low-lying π∗ resonance states of molecules containing one or two cyano (CN) groups. Benchmark calculations are carried out comparing the non-variational and approximate variational approach of SAC-CI and studying the selection threshold of operators. Experimental resonance positions from electron transmission spectroscopy (ETS) are reproduced provided the anticipated deviations due to vibronic effects are taken into account. Moreover, the calculated positions and widths agree well with those obtained in previous electron scattering calculations for HCN, CH3CN and their isonitriles. Based on our results, we suggest a reassignment of the experimental ETS of fumaronitrile and malononitrile. Our present results demonstrate again that the CAP/SAC-CI method reliably predicts low-lying π∗ resonances, and regarding the total numbers of molecules and resonances investigated, it is fair to say that it is presently the most extensively used high-level method in the temporary anion field.

  9. Deceptive Intentions: Can Cues to Deception Be Measured before a Lie Is Even Stated?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ströfer, S; Noordzij, Matthijs L; Ufkes, E.G; Giebels, Ellen

    2015-01-01

    .... Both are related to increased sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. We hypothesized that SNS activity already rises during intentions to lie and, consequently, cues to deception can be detected before stating an actual lie...

  10. Deceptive Intentions: Can Cues to Deception Be Measured before a Lie Is Even Stated?: e0125237

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Sabine Ströfer; Matthijs L Noordzij; Elze G Ufkes; Ellen Giebels

    2015-01-01

    .... Both are related to increased sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. We hypothesized that SNS activity already rises during intentions to lie and, consequently, cues to deception can be detected before stating an actual lie...

  11. Spectroscopy of high lying resonances in {sup 9}Be produced with radioactive {sup 8}Li beams

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lepini-Szily, A.; Leistenschneider, E.; Lichtenthäler, R.; Guimaraes, V.; Condori, R. Pampa; Scarduelli, V.; Rossi, E.; Zagatto, V.A.; Aguiar, V.A.P.; Duarte, J., E-mail: alinka@if.usp.br [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Instituto de Fisica; Mendes Junior, D.R.; Faria, P.N. de; Santos, H. [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Instituto de Fisica; Descouvemont, P. [Physique Nucleaire Theorique et Physique Mathematique, Universite Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), Brussels (Belgium); Barioni, A. [Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA), Salvador, BA (Brazil); Pires, K.C.C. [Universidade Tecnologica Federal do Parana (UFTPR), Cornelio Procopio, PR (Brazil); Morcelle, V. [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (UNIFEI), Itabira, MG (Brazil); Moraes, M.C. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Britos, T.; Assuncao, M. [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (UNIFESP), Diadema, SP (Brazil); Zamora, J.C. [Technische Universität Darmstadt, (Germany); Shorto, J.M.B. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2014-07-01

    We present the results of the {sup 8}Li(p,α){sup 5}He and {sup 8}Li(p,p){sup 8}Li reactions measured at the RIBRAS (Radioactive Ion Beams in Brazil) system. The experiment was realized in inverse kinematics using a thick [CH{sub 2}]{sub n} polyethylene target and an incident {sup 8}Li beam, produced by RIBRAS. Using the thick target method, the complete excitation function could be measured between E{sub cm} = 0.2 - 2.1 MeV, which includes the Gamow peak energy region. The excitation function of the {sup 8}Li(p,α){sup 5}He reaction, populating resonances between 16.888 and 19.0 MeV in {sup 9}Be, was obtained[1] and the resonances were fitted using R-matrix calculations. This study shed light on spins, parities, partial widths and isospin values of high lying resonances in {sup 9}Be. The measurement of the resonant elastic scattering {sup 8}Li(p,p){sup 8}Li populating resonances in the same energy region can constrain the resonance parameters. Preliminary results of the elastic scattering are also presented. (author)

  12. Third harmonic generation from graphene lying on different substrates: Optical-phonon resonances and interference effects

    CERN Document Server

    Savostianova, N A

    2016-01-01

    Graphene is a nonlinear material which can be used as a saturable absorber, frequency mixer and frequency multiplier. We investigate the third harmonic generation from graphene lying on different substrates, consisting of a dielectric (dispersionless or polar), metalized or non-metalized on the back side. We show that the third harmonic intensity emitted from graphene lying on a substrate, can be increased by orders of magnitude as compared to the isolated graphene, due the LO-phonon resonances in a polar dielectric or due to the interference effects in the substrates metalized on the back side. In some frequency intervals, the presence of the polar dielectric substrate compensates the strongly decreasing with $\\omega$ frequency dependence of the third-order conductivity of graphene making the response almost frequency independent.

  13. Low-lying continuum states of drip-line Oxygen isotopes

    CERN Document Server

    Tsukiyama, Koshiroh; Fujimoto, Rintaro

    2010-01-01

    Low-lying continuum states of exotic oxygen isotopes are studied, by introducing the Continuum-Coupled Shell Model (CCSM) characterized by an infinite wall placed very far and by an interaction for continuum coupling constructed in a close relation to realistic shell-model interaction. Neutron emission spectra from exotic oxygen isotopes are calculated by the doorway-state approach in heavy-ion multi-nucleon transfer reactions. The results agree with experiment remarkably well, as an evidence that the continuum effects are stronger than $\\sim$1 MeV, consistently with the shell evolution in exotic nuclei. The results by this CCSM doorway-state approach are compared with calculations on neutron-scattering resonance peaks made within the CCSM phase-shift approach and also with those obtained in the Gamow shell model, by taking the same interaction. Remarkable similarities in peak energies and certain differences in widths are then obtained.

  14. Higher-lying resonances in Ps-H scattering below the e{sup +}-H{sup -} threshold

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yan, Z.-C. [Department of Physics, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, E3B 5A3 (Canada); Ho, Y. K. [Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan (China)

    2011-09-15

    In this work, we perform a study on high-lying S-wave resonances in Ps-H scattering below the e{sup +}-H{sup -} threshold. The method of complex-coordinate rotation is applied together with highly correlated wave functions containing all six interparticle distances. Using such Hylleraas bases up to 6412 terms, the energy positions up to the 8S state and the widths up to the 7S state in the Rydberg series converging to the H{sup -} threshold are determined. The energies of 4S to 7S states from the present calculations are fitted into the quantum defect formula, from which the energies of higher members in the Rydberg series can be deduced.

  15. The H2+ molecular ion: Low-lying states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivares-Pilón, Horacio; Turbiner, Alexander V.

    2016-10-01

    Matching for a wavefunction the WKB expansion at large distances and Taylor expansion at small distances leads to a compact, few-parametric uniform approximation found in Turbiner and Olivares-Pilon (2011). The ten low-lying eigenstates of H2+ of the quantum numbers (n , m , Λ , ±) with n = m = 0 at Λ = 0 , 1 , 2, with n = 1, m = 0 and n = 0, m = 1 at Λ = 0 of both parities are explored for all interproton distances R. For all these states this approximation provides the relative accuracy ≲ 10-5 (not less than 5 s.d.) locally, for any real coordinate x in eigenfunctions, when for total energy E(R) it gives 10-11 s.d. for R ∈ [ 0 , 50 ] a.u. Corrections to the approximation are evaluated in the specially-designed, convergent perturbation theory. Separation constants are found with not less than 8 s.d. The oscillator strength for the electric dipole transitions E 1 is calculated with not less than 6 s.d. A dramatic dip in the E 1 oscillator strength f 1 sσg - 3 pσu at R ∼Req is observed. The magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole transitions are calculated for the first time with not less than 6 s.d. in oscillator strength. For two lowest states (0 , 0 , 0 , ±) (or, equivalently, 1 sσg and 2 pσu states) the potential curves are checked and confirmed in the Lagrange mesh method within 12 s.d. Based on them the Energy Gap between 1 sσg and 2 pσu potential curves is approximated with modified Pade Re-R [ Pade(8 / 7) ] (R) with not less than 4-5 figures at R ∈ [ 0 , 40 ] a.u. Sum of potential curves E1sσg +E2pσu is approximated by Pade 1 / R [ Pade(5 / 8) ] (R) in R ∈ [ 0 , 40 ] a.u. with not less than 3-4 figures.

  16. Probabilistic interpretation of resonant states

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Naomichi Hatano; Tatsuro Kawamoto; Joshua Feinberg

    2009-09-01

    We provide probabilistic interpretation of resonant states. We do this by showing that the integral of the modulus square of resonance wave functions (i.e., the conventional norm) over a properly expanding spatial domain is independent of time, and therefore leads to probability conservation. This is in contrast with the conventional employment of a bi-orthogonal basis that precludes probabilistic interpretation, since wave functions of resonant states diverge exponentially in space. On the other hand, resonant states decay exponentially in time, because momentum leaks out of the central scattering area. This momentum leakage is also the reason for the spatial exponential divergence of resonant state. It is by combining the opposite temporal and spatial behaviours of resonant states that we arrive at our probabilistic interpretation of these states. The physical need to normalize resonant wave functions over an expanding spatial domain arises because particles leak out of the region which contains the potential range and escape to infinity, and one has to include them in the total count of particles.

  17. Triplet State Resonance Raman Spectroscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilbrandt, Robert Walter; Jensen, N. H.; Pagsberg, Palle Bjørn

    1978-01-01

    Makes the first report on the resonance Raman spectrum of a molecule in its triplet state generated by pulse radiolysis. A solution of 0.01 mol dm-3 of p-terphenyl in benzene was studied......Makes the first report on the resonance Raman spectrum of a molecule in its triplet state generated by pulse radiolysis. A solution of 0.01 mol dm-3 of p-terphenyl in benzene was studied...

  18. Microscopic Description of Low-Lying Isovector Quadrupole States in /sup 56/Fe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nikolaeva, R.; Stoyanov, C.; Vdovin, A.I.

    1989-01-01

    Microscopic calculations of energies, structure and transition probabilities of low-lying 2/sup +/ states in /sup 56/Fe have been performed in the framework of the quasi-particle phonon nuclear model. The interaction of the phonons appears to play an important role in determination of the isotopic character of low-lying quadrupole states.

  19. Noncollisional excitation of low-lying states in gaseous nebulae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubin, Robert H.

    1986-01-01

    Consideration is given to the effects of processes other than electron collisional excitation on the energy level populations of species of C, N, and O. It is found that dielectronic as well as direct-radiative recombination may contribute significantly and in some cases be the major input to populating the low-lying metastable levels. It is concluded that the most pronounced changes occur when there is a large effective recombination coefficient to a level and when T(e) is low. The most dramatic change among the forbidden lines occurs for the O II forbidden lines.

  20. Reply to ``Comment on `Three-body properties of low-lying 12Be resonances' ''

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garrido, E.; Jensen, A. S.; Fedorov, D. V.; Johansen, J. G.

    2013-09-01

    We suggested that the two resonances at 0.89 and 2.03 MeV above the two-neutron separation threshold have spins and parities of 0+ and 1-. In the Comment, Fortune claims that these states almost unambiguously must be 3- and 4+ states. We work in three-body cluster models with Jπ=0+,1-,2+ where all three-body continuum structures are included. Fortune bases his assignments on the bound-state shell-model and (t,p) calculations. Our conclusions are from three-body structure results including widths. Assignments as 0+ and 1- (or, perhaps, 3-) resonances are the most natural within the three-body cluster model.

  1. The Low-Lying Electronic States of LiB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricca, Alessandra; Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Langhoff, Stephen R. (Technical Monitor)

    1995-01-01

    The spectroscopic constants for the triplet and singlet states of LiB below about 30 000/ cm are determined using an internally contracted multireference configuration interaction approach in conjunction with [6s 5p 3d 2f] atomic natural orbital basis sets. The ground state is (sup 3)Pi as found in previous work. No excited triplet states are found to be ideal for characterizing the ground state; the (1)(sup 3)Sigma(sup -) state has a transition energy that is too small for many experimental approaches and the (2)(sup 3)Pi and (3)(sup 3)Pi states have bond lengths that are significantly longer than the ground state, resulting in transition intensities that are spread out over many vibrational levels of the ground state.

  2. On the low-lying states of TiN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauschlicher, C. W., Jr.

    1983-01-01

    A series of CAS SCF and multi-reference CI calculations are used to describe the lowest states of TiN. The bonding in all states is described as a triple bond involving the Ti 3d orbitals. The system has some ionic character as seen from both population analysis and dipole moment. The origins of the excited states are discussed.

  3. Deceptive Intentions: Can Cues to Deception Be Measured before a Lie Is Even Stated?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ströfer, Sabine; Noordzij, Matthijs L.; Ufkes, Elze G.; Giebels, Ellen

    2015-01-01

    Can deceitful intentions be discriminated from truthful ones? Previous work consistently demonstrated that deceiving others is accompanied by nervousness/stress and cognitive load. Both are related to increased sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity. We hypothesized that SNS activity already rises during intentions to lie and, consequently, cues to deception can be detected before stating an actual lie. In two experiments, controlling for prospective memory, we monitored SNS activity during lying, truth telling, and truth telling with the aim of lying at a later instance. Electrodermal activity (EDA) was used as an indicator of SNS. EDA was highest during lying, and compared to the truth condition, EDA was also raised during the intention to deceive. Moreover, the switch from truth telling toward lying in the intention condition evoked higher EDA than switching toward non-deception related tasks in the lie or truth condition. These results provide first empirical evidence that increased SNS activity related to deception can be monitored before a lie is stated. This implies that cues to deception are already present during the mere intention to lie. PMID:26018573

  4. Natural and Unnatural Parity Resonance States in the Positron-Hydrogen System with Screened Coulomb Interactions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ye Ning

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the present work, we report calculations of resonances in the positron-hydrogen system interacting with screened Coulomb potentials using the method of complex scaling together with employing correlated Hylleraas wave functions. Resonances with natural and unnatural parities are investigated. For the natural parity case, resonance parameters (energy and width for D-wave resonance states with even parity lying below various positronium and hydrogen thresholds up to the H(N = 4 level are determined. For the unnatural parity case, results for P-even and D-odd resonance states with various screened Coulomb interaction strengths are located below different lower-lying Ps and H thresholds.

  5. Observation of high-lying resonances in the H sup minus ion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harris, P.G. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA) New Mexico Univ., Albuquerque, NM (USA). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy)

    1990-05-01

    This dissertation reports the observation of several series of resonances, for which both electrons are in excited states, in the photodetachment cross section of H{sup {minus}}. These {sup 1}P doubly-excited states interfere with the continuum in which they are embedded, and appear as dips in the production cross section of excited neutral hydrogen. The experiment was performed by intersecting an 800 MeV H{sup {minus}} beam with a (266 nm) laser beam at varying angles; the relativistic Doppler shift then tuned'' the photon energy in the barycentric frame. The process was observed by using a magnet strong enough the strip the electrons from the excited hydrogen atoms in selected states n and detecting the resulting protons, which allowed the isolation of the individual n channels. Three resonances are clearly visible in each channel. The data support recent theoretical calculations for the positions of doubly-excited {sup 1}P resonances, and verify a new Rydberg-like formula for the modified Coulomb potential.

  6. The Low-Lying Electronic States of YCu

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricca, Alessandra; Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Langhoff, Stephen R. (Technical Monitor)

    1995-01-01

    The spectroscopic constants for the singlet and triplet states of YCu below about 15 000 per centimeter are determined using an internally contracted multireference configuration-interaction approach. These calculations are calibrated by studies of fewer states using higher levels of correlation treatment and/or larger basis sets. The computed T(sub e) values and radiative lifetimes are in reasonable agreement with experiment. The calculations confirm the previous experimental assignment for all but one state, where theory helps resolve between two possible assignments.

  7. Theoretical Study of the Low-Lying States of MgN+2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maitre, Philippe; Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Gross, Anthony R. (Technical Monitor)

    1994-01-01

    The structure and binding energies of the low-lying states of MgN2+ have been computed at the multireference configuration interaction level of theory. The effect of Mg inner-shell correlation have been included using the core-polarization potential method. The charge-quadrupole interaction results in a linear 2Sigma+ ground state as expected. The excited states can arise from either the interaction of the 2-P state of Mg+ with N2 or from charge transfer states with Mg(sup 2+)N2- bonding character. The lowest lying excited state, 2-B2, is mixture of these two mechanisms, which results in a C2v, geometry with Mg atoms sitting at the N2 bond midpoint. The small barrier in the bending potential exists between this state and the 2-II State which is the lowest lying linear excited state.

  8. Low-Lying ππ* States of Heteroaromatic Molecules: A Challenge for Excited State Methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prlj, Antonio; Sandoval-Salinas, María Eugenia; Casanova, David; Jacquemin, Denis; Corminboeuf, Clémence

    2016-06-14

    The description of low-lying ππ* states of linear acenes by standard electronic structure methods is known to be challenging. Here, we broaden the framework of this problem by considering a set of fused heteroaromatic rings and demonstrate that standard electronic structure methods do not provide a balanced description of the two (typically) lowest singlet state (La and Lb) excitations. While the Lb state is highly sensitive to correlation effects, La suffers from the same drawbacks as charge transfer excitations. We show that the comparison between CIS/CIS(D) can serve as a diagnostic for detecting the two problematic excited states. Standard TD-DFT and even its spin-flip variant lead to inaccurate excitation energies and interstate gaps, with only a double hybrid functional performing somewhat better. The complication inherent to a balanced description of these states is so important that even CC2 and ADC(2) do not necessarily match the ADC(3) reference.

  9. Low-lying even parity meson resonances and spin-flavor symmetry revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Recio, C.; Geng, L. S.; Nieves, J.; Salcedo, L. L.; Wang, En; Xie, Ju-Jun

    2013-05-01

    We review and extend the model derived in Garcia-Recio et al. [Phys. Rev. D 83, 016007 (2011)] to address the dynamics of the low-lying even-parity meson resonances. This model is based on a coupled-channels spin-flavor extension of the chiral Weinberg-Tomozawa Lagrangian. This interaction is then used to study the S-wave meson-meson scattering involving members not only of the π octet, but also of the ρ nonet. In this work, we study in detail the structure of the SU(6)-symmetry-breaking contact terms that respect (or softly break) chiral symmetry. We derive the most general local (without involving derivatives) terms consistent with the chiral-symmetry-breaking pattern of QCD. After introducing sensible simplifications to reduce the large number of possible operators, we carry out a phenomenological discussion of the effects of these terms. We show how the inclusion of these pieces leads to an improvement of the description of the JP=2+ sector, without spoiling the main features of the predictions obtained in the original model in the JP=0+ and JP=1+ sectors. In particular, we find a significantly better description of the IG(JPC)=0+(2++), 1-(2++) and the I(JP)=(1)/(2)(2+) sectors, which correspond to the f2(1270), a2(1320), and K2*(1430) quantum numbers, respectively.

  10. Low-lying charmed and charmed-strange baryon states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Bing [Anyang Normal University, Department of Physics, Anyang (China); Institute of Modern Physics of CAS and Lanzhou University, Research Center for Hadron and CSR Physics, Lanzhou (China); Wei, Ke-Wei [Anyang Normal University, Department of Physics, Anyang (China); Liu, Xiang [Lanzhou University, School of Physical Science and Technology, Lanzhou (China); Institute of Modern Physics of CAS and Lanzhou University, Research Center for Hadron and CSR Physics, Lanzhou (China); Matsuki, Takayuki [Tokyo Kasei University, Tokyo (Japan); Nishina Center, RIKEN, Theoretical Research Division, Saitama (Japan)

    2017-03-15

    In this work, we systematically study the mass spectra and strong decays of 1P and 2S charmed and charmed-strange baryons in the framework of non-relativistic constituent quark models. With the light quark cluster-heavy quark picture, the masses are simply calculated by a potential model. The strong decays are studied by the Eichten-Hill-Quigg decay formula. Masses and decay properties of the well-established 1S and 1P states can be reproduced by our method. Σ{sub c}(2800){sup 0,+,++} can be assigned as a Σ{sub c2}(3/2{sup -}) or Σ{sub c2}(5/2{sup -}) state. We prefer to interpret the signal Σ{sub c}(2850){sup 0} as a 2S(1/2{sup +}) state although at present we cannot thoroughly exclude the possibility that this is the same state as Σ{sub c}(2800){sup 0}. Λ{sub c}(2765){sup +} or Σ{sub c}(2765){sup +} could be explained as the Λ{sub c}{sup +}(2S) state or Σ{sup +}{sub c1}(1/2{sup -}) state, respectively. We propose to measure the branching ratio of B(Σ{sub c}(2455)π)/B(Σ{sub c}(2520)π) in the future, which may disentangle the puzzle of this state. Our results support Ξ{sub c}(2980){sup 0,+} as the first radial excited state of Ξ{sub c}(2470){sup 0,+} with J{sup P} = 1/2{sup +}. The assignment of Ξ{sub c}(2930){sup 0} is analogous to Σ{sub c}(2800){sup 0,+,++}, i.e., a Ξ{sup '}{sub c2}(3/2{sup -}) or Ξ{sup '}{sub c2}(5/2{sup -}) state. In addition, we predict some typical ratios among partial decay widths, which are valuable for experimental search for these missing charmed and charmed-strange baryons. (orig.)

  11. Low-lying ($K^{} = 0^{+}$) states of gadolinium isotopes

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Harun Reşit Yazar

    2013-10-01

    The sd-interacting boson approximation (sd-IBA) and the df-interacting boson approximation (df-IBA) can be related to each other and the states of the interacting boson approximation model can be identified with the fully symmetric states in the sdf interacting boson approximation model. A systematic study of the sdf-IBA model showed that the constructed Hamiltonian can successfully describe the strong octupole correlations in the deformed nuclei. We showed that the interacting boson approximation may account for many of these $K^{} = 0^{+}$ states. It was found that the calculated energy spectra of the gadolinium isotopes agree quite well with the experimental data. The observed (2) values were also calculated and compared with the experimental data.

  12. Electron delocalization and aromaticity in low-lying excited states of archetypal organic compounds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feixas, Ferran; Vandenbussche, Jelle; Bultinck, Patrick; Matito, Eduard; Solà, Miquel

    2011-12-14

    Aromaticity is a property usually linked to the ground state of stable molecules. Although it is well-known that certain excited states are unquestionably aromatic, the aromaticity of excited states remains rather unexplored. To move one step forward in the comprehension of aromaticity in excited states, in this work we analyze the electron delocalization and aromaticity of a series of low-lying excited states of cyclobutadiene, benzene, and cyclooctatetraene with different multiplicities at the CASSCF level by means of electron delocalization measures. While our results are in agreement with Baird's rule for the aromaticity of the lowest-lying triplet excited state in annulenes having 4nπ-electrons, they do not support Soncini and Fowler's generalization of Baird's rule pointing out that the lowest-lying quintet state of benzene and septet state of cyclooctatetraene are not aromatic.

  13. Isomerism of low-lying states in {sup 86}Y

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rusu, C. [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); University of Texas at Dallas, School of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Richardson, TX (United States); Bucurescu, D.; Marginean, N.; Ionescu-Bujor, M.; Iordachescu, A.; Cata-Danil, G.; Cata-Danil, I.; Deleanu, D.; Filipescu, D.; Ghita, D.; Glodariu, T.; Ivascu, M.; Mihai, C.; Marginean, R.; Pascu, S.; Sava, T.; Stroe, L.; Suliman, G.; Zamfir, N.V. [Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania)

    2010-04-15

    Low-energy isomeric states of {sup 86}Y were populated in the reaction {sup 73}Ge + {sup 16}O at 57MeV and were investigated by means of delayed n {gamma} and {gamma} {gamma} coincidences. A half-life of 70(7)ns was measured for the 5{sup -} state at 208keV, yielding an exceptionally small B(M1) value of 2.0(7) x 10{sup -5} W.u. and a B(E2) value of 0.34({sup +24} {sub -13}) W.u. For the other three known isomeric states at 218, 243, and 302keV, the half-lives extracted from the present experimental data are in very good agreement with previous measurements. Given the newly observed isomeric character of the 5{sup -} 208keV state, the re-analysis of earlier experimental data on the 302keV isomer led to a new spin-parity assignment, 6{sup +}, for this state. In addition, this re-evaluation provided two g -factors, -0.083(3) and +0.63(2), for the 208 and 302keV states, respectively. The results are discussed in terms of spherical-shell model calculations performed with a truncated space of configurations built on the f{sub 5/2}, p{sub 3/2}, p{sub 1/2}, and g{sub 9/2} valence orbitals. Effective spin, orbital, and ''tensor'' g -factors were determined empirically for protons and neutrons in the considered configuration space. (orig.)

  14. The low-lying electronic states of LiC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricca, Alessandra; Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Langhoff, Stephen R. (Technical Monitor)

    1995-01-01

    The spectroscopic constants for the doublet and quartet states of LiC below about 30,000/cm are determined using an internally contracted multireference configuration-interaction approach in conjunction with a [6s 5p 3d 2f] atomic natural orbital basis sets. All of the strongly bound states, X(sup 4)(SIGMA)(sup -),(1)(sup 2)(DELTA), (1)(sup 2)(SIGMA)(sup +), and (2)(sup 2) II, very ionic in character. The only bound-bound quartet transition in this energy range is (2)(sup 4)SIGMA(sup -) and Franck-Condon factors, Einstein A values, and lifetimes are reported for this transition.

  15. Theoretical characterization of low-lying electronic states of FCO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francisco, Joseph S.; Goldstein, Avery N.; Robb, Michael A.; Williams, Ian H.

    1992-03-01

    The electronic and vibrational spectra of the fluoroformyl radical FCO are discussed in the light of ab initio (CASSCF(5 in 4)/6-31+G* and UMP2/6-311G*) calculated adiabatic and vertical transition energies, and vibrational frequencies, for the X 2A', A 2A″, B 2A', and C 2A″ states. Results for the formyl radical HCO are also presented for comparison.

  16. Global Correlations for Low-Lying Collective 2+ States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Z. Z.; Lei, Y.; Pittel, S.; Bijker, R.

    2017-07-01

    By using the triaxial rotor model and the anharmonic vibrator model with phonon mixing, we derive a global correlation between the quadrupole moments of the two lowest 2+ states in collective nuclei that had previously been observed in experimental data across the periodic table. We then derive other electromagnetic properties for these two models of nuclear structure and compare them globally with experimental data. We find that both models are able to robustly describe the experimental data across the region of nuclei for which the models are applicable, including a large number that they have in common. We then show that there seems to exists a robust orthogonal transformation between these two models for realistic nuclear systems, suggesting that these two seemingly diverse descriptions of quadrupole collective phenomena seem to act in a similar model space and may therefore have a common origin.

  17. Spectroscopy of high-lying states in actinide nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahmad, I.; Back, B.B.; Betts, R.R. [and others

    1995-08-01

    In the course of studying positron-electron production during the collisions of uranium beams and tantalum targets, a careful measurement of the emitted gamma radiation was made using large Ge detectors. Many new high energy gamma rays were found, associated both with U-like and Ta-like fragments. To determine the origin of these gamma rays, a dedicated set of improved gamma-ray studies were carried out. The studies used four large (> 55%) Ge detectors mounted in the APEX chamber. States in {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th were Coulomb excited using a {sup 208}Pb beam of 5.8 MeV/u. Heavy ions were detected in the large-area APEX multiwire proportional counters. The extensive beam monitoring of the APEX setup allowed precise normalization and accurate cross-section determinations. The Doppler shifts from upstream and downstream detectors permitted a precise confirmation of the incident beam energy to less than 0.05 MeV/A. A spectrum of gamma rays, corrected assuming emission from {sup 238}U.

  18. Energies of low-lying excited states of linear polyenes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Ronald L; Galinato, Mary Grace I; Chu, Emily F; Howard, Jason N; Broene, Richard D; Frank, Harry A

    2008-12-11

    Room temperature absorption and emission spectra of the all-trans isomers of decatetraene, dodecapentaene, tetradecahexaene, and hexadecaheptaene have been obtained in a series of nonpolar solvents. The resolved vibronic features in the optical spectra of these model systems allow the accurate determination of S(0) (1(1)A(g)(-)) --> S(2) (1(1)B(u)(+)) and S(1) (2(1)A(g)(-)) --> S(0) (1(1)A(g)(-)) electronic origins as a function of solvent polarizability. These data can be extrapolated to predict the transition energies in the absence of solvent perturbations. The effects of the terminal methyl substituents on the transition energies also can be estimated. Franck-Condon maxima in the absorption and emission spectra were used to estimate differences between S(0) (1(1)A(g)(-)) --> S(1) (2(1)A(g)(-)) and S(0) (1(1)A(g)(-)) --> S(2) (1(1)B(u)(+)) electronic origins and "vertical" transition energies. Experimental estimates of the vertical transition energies of unsubstituted, all-trans polyenes in vacuum as a function of conjugation length are compared with long-standing multireference configuration interaction (MRCI) treatments and with more recent ab initio calculations of the energies of the 2(1)A(g)(-) (S(1)) and 1(1)B(u)(+) (S(2)) states.

  19. Disjoint nonclassical hydrocarbons have very unstable lowest-lying singlet states: a PM3 study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard Francis Langler

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available Earlier workers have suggested that disjoint hydrocarbons have nearly-degenerate lowest-lying singlet and triplet states while non-disjoint (or joint hydrocarbons should be ground-state triplets. PM3 results for an appropriate selection of alternant hydrocarbons are inconsistent with that generalization: disjoint, nonclassical, alternant hydrocarbons show the strongest predilection for triplet ground states.

  20. Dynamical Lie algebra method for highly excited vibrational state of asymmetric linear tetratomic molecules

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯东太; 丁世良; 王美山

    2003-01-01

    The highly excited vibrational states of asymmetric linear tetratomic molecules are studied in the framework of Lie algebra. By using symmetric group U1(4) U2(4) U3(4), we construct the Hamiltonian that includes not only Casimir operators but also Majorana operators M12,M13 and M23, which are useful for getting potential energy surface and force constants in Lie algebra method. By Lie algebra treatment, we obtain the eigenvalues of the Hamiltonian, and make the concrete calculation for molecule C2HF.

  1. Low-lying quasibound rovibrational states of H2 16O**

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szidarovszky, Tamás; Császár, Attila G.

    2013-08-01

    A complex coordinate scaling (CCS) method is described allowing the quantum chemical computation of quasibound (also called resonance or metastable) rovibrational states of strongly bound triatomic molecules. The molecule chosen to test the method is H2 16O, for which an accurate global potential energy surface, a previous computation of a few resonance states via the complex absorbing potential (CAP) method, and some Feshbach (J = 0, where J is the quantum number characterising overall rotations of the molecule) and shape (J ≠ 0) resonances measured via a state-selective, triple-resonance technique are all available. Characterisation of the computed resonance states is performed via probability density plots based on CCS rovibrational wavefunctions. Such plots provide useful details about the physical nature of the resonance states. Based on the computations and the resonance plots, the following useful facts about the resonance states investigated are obtained: (a) Feshbach resonances are formed by accumulation of a large amount of energy in either the non-dissociative bending or symmetric streching modes, excitations by more than five quanta are not uncommon; (b) there are several resonance states with low and medium bending excitation, the latter are different from the states observed somewhat below dissociation by the same triple-resonance technique; (c) several types of dissociation bahavior can be identified, varying greatly among the states; (d) several pairs of J = 0 and J = 1 Feshbach resonance states can be identified which differ by rigid-rotor type energies; and (e) the lifetimes of the assigned J = 1 rovibrational Feshbach resonances are considerably longer than the lifetimes of their J = 0 vibrational counterparts.

  2. Coincidence spectroscopy of high-lying Rydberg states produced in strong laser fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larimian, Seyedreza; Erattupuzha, Sonia; Lemell, Christoph; Yoshida, Shuhei; Nagele, Stefan; Maurer, Raffael; Baltuška, Andrius; Burgdörfer, Joachim; Kitzler, Markus; Xie, Xinhua

    2016-09-01

    We demonstrate the detection of high-lying Rydberg states produced in strong laser fields with coincidence spectroscopy. Electron emission after the interaction of strong laser pulses with atoms and molecules is measured together with the parent ions in coincidence measurements. These electrons originate from high-lying Rydberg states with quantum numbers from n ˜20 up to n ≲120 formed by frustrated field ionization. Ionization rates are retrieved from the measured ionization signal of these Rydberg states. Simulations show that both tunneling ionization by a weak dc field and photoionization by blackbody radiation contribute to delayed electron emission on the nano- to microsecond scale. Furthermore, the dependence of the Rydberg-state production on the ellipticity of the driving laser field indicates that such high-lying Rydberg states are populated through electron recapture. The present experiment provides detailed quantitative information on Rydberg production in strong-field interaction.

  3. Multicomponent Group-Related Coherent States for Lie Group Chain G K

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Hui-Yong; LI Guang-Hua; LI Jiang-Fan

    2001-01-01

    The multicomponent group-related coherent states for the Lie group chain G K are introduced. Their coupling coefficients are presented. The relations between these coupling coefficients and those (in the usual sense) of the irreducible representation bases labelled by G K are obtained. The generalized Racah's factorization lemma about the coupling coefficients of such coherent states is given. As an example, the multicomponent group-related coherent states for the Lie group chain Sp(4) D SO(3)1 S0(3)2 are found. The uncertainty relation and the squeezing property are discussed.``

  4. EXCITATION OF LOW-LYING STATES IN ND-144 BY MEANS OF (E,E') SCATTERING

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    PERRINO, R; BLASI, N; DELEO, R; HARAKEH, MN; DEJAGER, CW; MICHELETTI, S; MIEREMET, J; PIGNANELLI, M; PONOMAREV, VY; SANDOR, RKJ; DEVRIES, H

    1993-01-01

    The low-lying states of Nd-144 have been investigated up to an excitation energy of 3.1 MeV by means of high-resolution inelastic electron scattering. Transition charge densities have been extracted for natural-parity states. The experimental data have been compared with the predictions of the quasi

  5. Neural correlates of telling lies: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study at 4 tesla

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Phan, K.L.; Magalhaes, A.; Ziemlewicz, T.J.; Fitzgerald, D.A.; Green, C.; Smith, W.

    2005-01-01

    Rationale and objective - Intentional deception (ie, lying) is a complex cognitive act, with important legal, moral, political, and economic implications. Prior studies have identified activation of discrete anterior frontal regions, such as the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex (VLPFC), dorsolateral

  6. Low-lying Photoexcited States of a One-Dimensional Ionic Extended Hubbard Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokoi, Kota; Maeshima, Nobuya; Hino, Ken-ichi

    2017-10-01

    We investigate the properties of low-lying photoexcited states of a one-dimensional (1D) ionic extended Hubbard model at half-filling. Numerical analysis by using the full and Lanczos diagonalization methods shows that, in the ionic phase, there exist low-lying photoexcited states below the charge transfer gap. As a result of comparison with numerical data for the 1D antiferromagnetic (AF) Heisenberg model, it was found that, for a small alternating potential Δ, these low-lying photoexcited states are spin excitations, which is consistent with a previous analytical study [Katsura et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 177402 (2009)]. As Δ increases, the spectral intensity of the 1D ionic extended Hubbard model rapidly deviates from that of the 1D AF Heisenberg model and it is clarified that this deviation is due to the neutral-ionic domain wall, an elementary excitation near the neutral-ionic transition point.

  7. Ozone absorption spectroscopy in search of low-lying electronic states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, S. M.; Mauersberger, K.

    1995-01-01

    A spectrometer capable of detecting ozone absorption features 9 orders of magnitude weaker than the Hartley band has been employed to investigate the molecule's near-infrared absorption spectrum. At this sensitivity a wealth of information on the low-lying electronically excited states often believed to play a role in atmospheric chemistry is available in the form of vibrational and rotational structure. We have analyzed these spectra using a combination of digital filtering and isotope substitution and find evidence for three electronically excited states below 1.5 eV. The lowest of these states is metastable, bound by approximately 0.1 eV and probably the (3)A2 rather than the (3)B2 state. Its adiabatic electronic energy is 1.24 +/- 0.01 eV, slightly above the dissociation energy of the ground state. Two higher states, at 1.29 +/- 0.03 and 1.48 +/- 0.03 eV are identified as the (3)B2 and the (3)B1, respectively. Combined with other recent theoretical and experimental data on the low-lying electronic states of ozone, these results imply that these are, in fact, the lowest three excited states; that is, there are no electronically excited states of ozone lying below the energy of O(3P) + O2((3)Sigma(-), v = 0). Some of the implications for atmospheric chemistry are considered.

  8. RDDS lifetime measurements of low-lying superdeformed states in {sup 194}Hg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuehn, R.; Dewald, A.; Kruecken, R. [Universitaet Koeln (Germany)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    The lifetimes of three low-lying states in the superdeformed (SD) yrast band of {sup 194}Hg were measured by the recoil-distance Doppler-shift method. The deduced transition quadrupole moments, Q{sub t}, equal those extracted from a DSAM measurement for the high-lying states of the band corroborate the assumption that the decay out of SD bands does not strongly affect the structure of the corresponding states. By a simple mixing-model the decay can be described assuming a very small admixture of normal-deformed (ND) states to the decaying SD states. The deduced ND mixing amplitudes for the yrast SD bands in {sup 192,194}Hg and {sup 194}Pb are presented along with average transition quadrupole moments for the lower parts of the excited SD bands.

  9. Effective Field Theory Description of Two-Body Resonance States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balalhabashi, Jaber

    2017-01-01

    The quantum-mechanical scattering of two particles around a resonance state appears in many areas of physics, for example in cold atoms near narrow, low-lying Feshbach resonances. We construct) an EFT that describes such scattering with contact, derivative interactions. We demonstrate that a careful choice of leading- and next-to-leading-order terms in an effective Lagrangian gives rise to a systematic expansion of the T matrix around the resonance, with controlled error estimates. We compare phase shifts and pole positions with those of a toy model. We are extending our EFT to include Coulomb interactions with the goal of describing nuclear resonances, such as those appearing in the scattering of alpha particles. This material is based upon work supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics, under Award Number DE-FG02-04ER41338.

  10. Iterative solutions for low lying excited states of a class of Schr(o)dinger equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    R.Friedberga; T.D.Lee; Zhao Wei-Qin

    2006-01-01

    The convergent iterative procedure for solving the groundstate Schr(o)dinger equation is extended to derive the excitation energy and the wavefunction of the low-lying excited states. The method is applied to the one-dimensional quartic potential problem. The results show that the iterative solution converges rapidly when the coupling g is not too small.

  11. Iterative Solutions for Low Lying Excited States of a Class of Schroedinger Equation

    CERN Document Server

    Friedberg, R; Zhao, W Q

    2006-01-01

    The convergent iterative procedure for solving the groundstate Schroedinger equation is extended to derive the excitation energy and the wave function of the low-lying excited states. The method is applied to the one-dimensional quartic potential problem. The results show that the iterative solution converges rapidly when the coupling $g$ is not too small.

  12. Coherent states, quantum gravity, and the Born- Oppenheimer approximation. II. Compact Lie groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stottmeister, Alexander; Thiemann, Thomas

    2016-07-01

    In this article, the second of three, we discuss and develop the basis of a Weyl quantisation for compact Lie groups aiming at loop quantum gravity-type models. This Weyl quantisation may serve as the main mathematical tool to implement the program of space adiabatic perturbation theory in such models. As we already argued in our first article, space adiabatic perturbation theory offers an ideal framework to overcome the obstacles that hinder the direct implementation of the conventional Born-Oppenheimer approach in the canonical formulation of loop quantum gravity. Additionally, we conjecture the existence of a new form of the Segal-Bargmann-Hall "coherent state" transform for compact Lie groups G, which we prove for G = U(1)n and support by numerical evidence for G = SU(2). The reason for conjoining this conjecture with the main topic of this article originates in the observation that the coherent state transform can be used as a basic building block of a coherent state quantisation (Berezin quantisation) for compact Lie groups G. But, as Weyl and Berezin quantisation for ℝ2d are intimately related by heat kernel evolution, it is natural to ask whether a similar connection exists for compact Lie groups as well. Moreover, since the formulation of space adiabatic perturbation theory requires a (deformation) quantisation as minimal input, we analyse the question to what extent the coherent state quantisation, defined by the Segal-Bargmann-Hall transform, can serve as basis of the former.

  13. Short-range correlations in low-lying nuclear excited states

    CERN Document Server

    Mokhtar, S R; Lallena, A M; Mokhtar, Sherif R.; Co', Giampaolo; Lallena, Antonio M.

    2000-01-01

    The electromagnetic transitions to various low-lying excited states of 16O, 48Ca and 208Pb are calculated within a model which considers the short-range correlations. In general the effects of the correlations are small and do not explain the required quenching to describe the data.

  14. THE ACQM THEORETICAL CALCULATION OF LOW—LYING EXCITED STATES FOR HeH

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Q.Q.GOU; Z.Y.Huang; 等

    1990-01-01

    The Low-lying excited states of HeH have been calculated by arrangement channel quantum mechanics(ACQM),The calculated potential curves,equilibrium geometry,Rc.dissociation energy Dc.harmonic vibration frequency ω0 and quadratic force coustant F2 are comparable with Ci calculations.

  15. Measurement of cross sections of p(e,e'π+)n for near pion threshold and high-lying resonances at high Q2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Kijun

    2012-04-01

    During the last decade, remarkable experimental data have been collacted in an extensive programs to study the excitation of nucleon resonance (N*) at Jefferson Laboratory through pionelectroproduction using polarized electron beam and unpolarized proton target. The CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) is well suited for the study of a broad range of kinematics in the invariant mass W and photon virtuality Q2 with nearly complete angular coverage for the hadronic decays. Electron scattering allows us to probe the effective degrees of freedom in excited nucleon states from meson-baryon to dressed quarks in terms of varying the distance scale. The study of nucleon structure allows us to understand these effective degrees of freedom. In this proceeding, I present preliminary cross sections for single pion production in mass range of high-lying resonances as well as near the pion threshold. Analysis of Nπ+ cross sections together with Nπ0 and Nππ exclusive electroproduction data, will allow us for the first time to determine electrocouplings of several high-lying excited proton states (W ≥ 1.6 GeV) at photon virtualities that correspond to the transition toward the dominance of quark degrees of freedom. I also present preliminary result on the E0+ multipole near pion threshold at 2.0 GeV2 ≤ Q2 ≤ 4.5 GeV2 using exclusive Nπ+ electroproduction data.

  16. Direct determination of ground-state transition widths of low-lying dipole states in 140Ce with the self-absorption technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Romig

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The technique of self absorption has been applied for the first time to study the decay pattern of low-lying dipole states of 140Ce. In particular, ground-state transition widths Γ0 and branching ratios Γ0Γ to the ground state have been investigated in the energy domain of the pygmy dipole resonance. Relative self-absorption measurements allow for a model-independent determination of Γ0. Without the need to perform a full spectroscopy of all decay channels, also the branching ratio to the ground state can be determined. The experiment on 140Ce was conducted at the bremsstrahlung facility of the superconducting Darmstadt electron linear accelerator S-DALINAC. In total, the self-absorption and, thus, Γ0 were determined for 104 excited states of 140Ce. The obtained results are presented and discussed with respect to simulations of γ cascades using the DICEBOX code.

  17. Classification of lying states for the humanoid robot SJTU-HR1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The humanoid robot SJTU-HR1’s concept is introduced and its characteristics tree is given.The basic states for SJTU-HR1 are proposed,including lying,sitting,standing and handstanding,abstracted from the daily exercises of human beings.The GF(generalized function) set theory is exploited to achieve the kinematic characteristics of the interested EEs(end-effectors) of SJTU-HR1 for the lying states.Finally,the results show that the large amounts of states can be described using the abbreviations in a systematic manner.Although we have focused on the application of the GF set theory to humanoid robots,particularly the SJTU-HR1,this methodology can also be applied to quadruped robots and hexapedal robots,especially when the desired tasks are complex.

  18. Classification of lying states for the humanoid robot SJTU-HR1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG JiaLun; GAO Feng; JIN ZhenLin; SHI LiFeng

    2009-01-01

    The humanoid robot SJTU-HRI's concept is introduced and its characteristics tree is given. The basic states for SJTU-HR1 are proposed, including lying, sitting, standing and handstsnding, abstracted from the daily exercises of human beings. The GF (generalized function) set theory is exploited to achieve the kinematic characteristics of the interested EEs (end-effectors) of SJTU-HR1 for the lying states.Finally, the results show that the large amounts of states can be described using the abbreviations in a systematic manner. Although we have focused on the application of the GF set theory to humanoid robots, particularly the SJTU-HR1, this methodology can also be applied to quadruped robots and hexapedal robots, especially when the desired tasks are complex.

  19. Computed potential surfaces for six low-lying states of Ni3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walch, Stephen P.

    1987-01-01

    Selected portions of the potential surfaces for six low lying states of Ni3 are the subject of the present SCF/CCI calculations using the effective core potentials developed by Hay and Wadt (1985); the four states are studied for near-equilateral triangle geometries are within 0.04 eV of each other. Two states are studied for linear geometries, of which the first is 0.16 eV higher than the corresponding near-equilateral triangle state and the second is estimated to be nearly degenerate with the near-equilateral triangle structures.

  20. A model of low-lying states in strongly interacting electroweak symmetry-breaking sector

    CERN Document Server

    Han, T; Hung, P Q; Han, Tao; Huang, Zheng; Hung, P Q

    1994-01-01

    We present a tumbling scenario for the generation of low-lying states in a strongly interacting electroweak sector. The dynamical calculation using the N/D method indicates that when the interactions among the Goldstone and Higgs bosons become sufficiently strong, an axial vector state A_1 [I^G(J^P)=1^-(1^+)] emerges. The coexistence of vector states V [1^+(1^-)] and \\omega_H [0^-(1^-)] is suggested by requiring the proper Regge behavior of the forward scattering. These states may lead to distinctive experimental signatures at the future colliders.

  1. Does a proton "bubble" structure exist in the low-lying states of 34Si?

    CERN Document Server

    Yao, J M; Li, Z P

    2013-01-01

    The possible existence of a "bubble" structure in the proton density of $^{34}$Si has recently attracted a lot of research interest. To examine the existence of the "bubble" structure in low-lying states, we establish a relativistic version of configuration mixing of both particle number and angular momentum projected quadrupole deformed mean-field states and apply this state-of-the-art beyond relativistic mean-field method to study the density distribution of the low-lying states in $^{34}$Si. An excellent agreement with the data of low-spin spectrum and electric multipole transition strengths is achieved without introducing any parameters. We find that the central depression in the proton density is quenched by dynamic quadrupole shape fluctuation, but not as significantly as what has been found in a beyond non-relativistic mean-field study. Our results suggest that the existence of proton "bubble" structure in the low-lying excited $0^+_2$ and $2^+_1$ states is very unlikely.

  2. Approximate resonance states in the semigroup decomposition of resonance evolution

    CERN Document Server

    Strauss, Y; Volovick, A

    2006-01-01

    The semigroup decomposition formalism makes use of the functional model for $C_{.0}$ class contractive semigroups for the description of the time evolution of resonances. For a given scattering problem the formalism allows for the association of a definite Hilbert space state with a scattering resonance. This state defines a decomposition of matrix elements of the evolution into a term evolving according to a semigroup law and a background term. We discuss the case of multiple resonances and give a bound on the size of the background term. As an example we treat a simple problem of scattering from a square barrier potential on the half-line.

  3. Resonance ionization spectroscopy of thorium isotopes - towards a laser spectroscopic identification of the low-lying 7.6 eV isomer of $^{229}$Th

    CERN Document Server

    Raeder, S; Wendt, K; Sonnenschein, V; Trautmann, N; Rothe, S; Reponen, M; Gottwald, T; 10.1088/0953-4075/44/16/165005

    2011-01-01

    In-source resonance ionization spectroscopy was used to identify an efficient and selective three step excitation/ionization scheme of thorium, suitable for titanium:sapphire (Ti:sa) lasers. The measurements were carried out in preparation of laser spectroscopic investigations for an identification of the low-lying Th-229m isomer predicted at 7.6 +- 0.5 eV above the nuclear ground state. Using a sample of Th-232, a multitude of optical transitions leading to over 20 previously unknown intermediate states of even parity as well as numerous high-lying odd parity auto-ionizing states were identified. Level energies were determined with an accuracy of 0.06 cm-1 for intermediate and 0.15 cm-1 for auto-ionizing states. Using different excitation pathways an assignment of total angular momenta for several energy levels was possible. One particularly efficient ionization scheme of thorium, exhibiting saturation in all three optical transitions, was studied in detail. For all three levels in this scheme, the isotope s...

  4. Transition from vibrational to rotational character in low-lying states of hypernuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mei, H.; Hagino, K.; Yao, J. M.; Motoba, T.

    2017-07-01

    In order to clarify the nature of hypernuclear low-lying states, we carry out a comprehensive study of the structure of Λ 145-155Sm hypernuclei, which exhibit a transition from vibrational to rotational character as the neutron number increases. To this end, we employ a microscopic particle-core coupling scheme based on a covariant density functional theory. We find that the positive-parity ground-state band in the hypernuclei shares a similar structure to that of the corresponding core nucleus. That is, regardless of whether the core nucleus is spherical or deformed, each hypernuclear state is dominated by the single configuration of the Λ particle in the s1 /2 state (Λ s1 /2 ) coupled to one core state of the ground band. In contrast, the low-lying negative-parity states mainly consist of Λ p1 /2 and Λ p3 /2 configurations coupled to plural nuclear core states. We show that, while the mixing amplitude between these configurations is negligibly small in spherical and weakly deformed nuclei, it strongly increases as the core nucleus undergoes a transition to a well deformed shape, which is consistent with the Nilsson wave functions. We demonstrate that the structure of these negative-parity states with spin I can be well understood based on a naive L S coupling scheme, with total orbital angular momentum L =[I ⊗1 ] and spin angular momentum S =1 /2 .

  5. Shell model description of low-lying states in Po and Rn isotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higashiyama, Koji; Yoshinaga, Naotaka

    2014-03-01

    Nuclear structure of the Po and Rn isotopes is theoretically studied in terms of the spherical shell model with the monopole- and quadrupole-pairing plus quadrupole-quadrupole effective interaction. The experimental energy levels of low-lying states are well reproduced. The shell model results are examined in detail in a pair-truncated shell model. The analysis reveals the alignment of two protons in the 0h9/2 orbital at spin 8.

  6. Shell model description of low-lying states in Po and Rn isotopes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Higashiyama Koji

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Nuclear structure of the Po and Rn isotopes is theoretically studied in terms of the spherical shell model with the monopole- and quadrupole-pairing plus quadrupole-quadrupole effective interaction. The experimental energy levels of low-lying states are well reproduced. The shell model results are examined in detail in a pair-truncated shell model. The analysis reveals the alignment of two protons in the 0h9/2 orbital at spin 8.

  7. Observation of a low-lying neutron-unbound state in 19C

    CERN Document Server

    Thoennessen, M; Badger, N S; Baumann, T; Bazin, D; Bennett, M; Brown, J; Christian, G; DeYoung, P A; Finck, J E; Gardner, M; Hook, E A; Luther, B; Meyer, D A; Mosby, M; Rogers, W F; Smith, J K; Spyrou, A; Strongman, M J

    2013-01-01

    Proton removal reactions from a secondary 22N beam were utilized to populate unbound states in neutron-rich carbon isotopes. Neutrons were measured with the Modular Neutron Array (MoNA) in coincidence with carbon fragments. A resonance with a decay energy of 76(14) keV was observed in the system 18C+n corresponding to a state in 19C at an excitation energy of 653(95)keV. This resonance could correspond to the first 5/2+ state which was recently speculated to be unbound in order to describe 1n and 2n removal cross section measurements from 20C.

  8. Low lying excitations in odd deformed nucleus studied by nuclear resonance fluorescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pinto, A.E. Almeida [Sao Paulo Univ., SP (Brazil). Inst. de Fisica; Margraf, J.; Nord, A. [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Strahlenphysik] [and others

    1997-12-31

    Nuclear resonance fluorescence experiment was performed on {sup 153} Eu using the Bremsstrahlung beam of the Stuttgart Dynamitron and high resolution Ge-{gamma}-spectrometers. Detailed information was obtained on excitation energies, decay widths, transition probabilities, and branching ratios to study the fragmentation of the M1 scissors mode, and try establishing a systematics to explain the different fragmentation behavior of the dipole strengths in the odd isotopes recently studied. (author) 11 refs., 1 fig.; emilia at axpfep1.if.usp.br

  9. Ground and Low-Lying Collective States of Rotating Three-Boson System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imran, Mohd.; Ahsan, M. A. H.

    2016-04-01

    The ground and low-lying collective states of a rotating system of N = 3 bosons harmonically confined in quasi-two-dimension and interacting via repulsive finite-range Gaussian potential is studied in weakly to moderately interacting regime. The N-body Hamiltonian matrix is diagonalized in subspaces of quantized total angular momenta 0 ≥ L ≥ 4N to obtain the ground and low-lying eigenstates. Our numerical results show that breathing modes with N-body eigenenergy spacing of 2ħω⊥, known to exist in strictly 2D system with zero-range (δ-function) interaction potential, may as well exist in quasi-2D system with finite-range Gaussian interaction potential. To gain an insight into the many-body states, the von Neumann entropy is calculated as a measure of quantum correlation and the conditional probability distribution is analyzed for the internal structure of the eigenstates. In the rapidly rotating regime the ground state in angular momentum subspaces L = (q/2)N (N - 1) with q = 2, 4 is found to exhibit the anticorrelation structure suggesting that it may variationally be described by a Bose-Laughlin like state. We further observe that the first breathing mode exhibits features similar to the Bose-Laughlin state in having eigenenergy, von Neumann entropy and internal structure independent of interaction for the three-boson system considered here. On the contrary, for eigenstates lying between the Bose-Laughlin like ground state and the first breathing mode, values of eigenenergy, von Neumann entropy and internal structure are found to vary with interaction.

  10. Doppler-shift attenuation method lifetime measurements of low-lying states in {sup 111}In

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bucurescu, D.; Cata-Danil, I.; Ilas, G.; Ivascu, M.; Marginean, N.; Stroe, L.; Ur, C.A. [Institute of Atomic Physics, P.O. Box MG-6, Bucharest 76900 (Romania)

    1996-11-01

    The lifetimes of nine low-lying excited states in {sup 111}In have been measured with the Doppler-shift attenuation method in the {sup 111}Cd({ital p},{ital n}{gamma}) reaction. A comparison of experimental quantities with predictions based on the interacting boson-fermion model unravels the states due to the coupling of a {ital g}{sub 9/2} proton hole to the quadrupole vibrations of the core. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  11. Spectroscopy of low-lying states in neutron-deficient astatine and francium nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jakobsson, U., E-mail: ulrjak@kth.se; Cederwall, B. [KTH, The Division of Nuclear Physics, AlbaNova University Center, SE-10691 Stockholm (Sweden); Uusitalo, J.; Auranen, K.; Badran, H.; Cox, D. M.; Grahn, T.; Greenlees, P. T.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Herzáň, A.; Konki, J.; Leino, M.; Mallaburn, M.; Pakarinen, J.; Papadakis, P.; Partanen, J.; Rahkila, P.; Sandzelius, M.; Sarén, J. [University of Jyvaskyla, Department of Physics, P.O. Box 35, FI-40014 University of Jyvaskyla (Finland); and others

    2015-10-15

    Low-lying states in neutron-deficient astatine and francium nuclei have been studied by means of in-beam and delayed spectroscopy. The 13/2{sup +} state has been observed in francium nuclei with a similar down-sloping trend as in neighbouring astatine and bismuth isotopes, as a function of decreasing neutron number. A systematic trend can also now be seen for the 1/2{sup +} state both in astatine and francium nuclei, where the level energy decreases steeply as a function of neutron number when moving further away from the neutron shell closure. This trend is very similar between astatine nuclei and their francium isotones. Moreover, shape coexistence has been observed between the 13/2{sup +} state and the spherical 9/2{sup −} ground state in {sup 203}Fr and {sup 205}Fr.

  12. Resonant-state expansion Born Approximation

    CERN Document Server

    Doost, M B

    2015-01-01

    The Born Approximation is a fundamental formula in Physics, it allows the calculation of weak scattering via the Fourier transform of the scattering potential. I extend the Born Approximation by including in the formula the Fourier transform of a truncated basis of the infinite number of appropriately normalised resonant states. This extension of the Born Approximation is named the Resonant-State Expansion Born Approximation or RSE Born Approximation. The resonant-states of the system can be calculated using the recently discovered RSE perturbation theory for electrodynamics and normalised correctly to appear in spectral Green's functions via the flux volume normalisation.

  13. Decay properties of low-lying collective states in sup 1 sup 3 sup 2 Ba

    CERN Document Server

    Gade, A; Meise, H; Gelberg, A; Brentano, P V

    2002-01-01

    The decay properties of low-lying collective states in sup 1 sup 3 sup 2 Ba were studied by means of gamma spectroscopy following the beta-decay of the 2 sup - ground state (T sub 1 sub / sub 2 =4.8 h) and a 6 sup - isomer (T sub 1 sub / sub 2 =24.3 min) of sup 1 sup 3 sup 2 La. The lanthanum nuclei were produced at the Cologne FN TANDEM accelerator using the reaction sup 1 sup 2 sup 2 Sn( sup 1 sup 4 N, 4n) sup 1 sup 3 sup 2 La. The gamma gamma coincidences and singles spectra were measured with the OSIRIS-cube spectrometer. Beside ground and quasi-gamma band many other low-lying states were observed. The gamma gamma angular correlations were analyzed to assign spins to the excited states, and to determine the multipolarities of the depopulating the gamma transitions. We also confirmed the expected dominant E2 character of transitions in the quasi-gamma band and from the quasi-gamma to the ground band but with a certain deviation: the decay 6 sup + sub 2->6 sup + sub 1 shows an unexpected large M1 fraction. ...

  14. On the low-lying states of MgO. II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauschlicher, C. W., Jr.; Lengsfield, B. H., III; Silver, D. M.; Yarkony, D. R.

    1981-01-01

    Using a double zeta plus polarization basis set of Slater orbitals, full valence MCSCF (FVMCSCF) calculations were performed for the low-lying states of MgO. For each state the FVMCSCF calculations were used to identify the important configurations which are then used in the MCSCF calculation and subsequently as references in a single and double excitation CI calculation. This approach is found to treat all states equivalently, with the maximum error in the computed transition energies and equilibrium bond lengths of 800/cm and approximately 0.03 A, respectively. The b 3 Sigma + state which has yet to be characterized experimentally is predicted to have a transition energy of approximately 8300/cm and a bond length of 1.79 A. A spectroscopic analysis of the potential curves indicates that their shapes are in quite reasonable agreement with the range of experimental results.

  15. On the low-lying states of MgO. II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauschlicher, C. W., Jr.; Lengsfield, B. H., III; Silver, D. M.; Yarkony, D. R.

    1981-01-01

    Using a double zeta plus polarization basis set of Slater orbitals, full valence MCSCF (FVMCSCF) calculations were performed for the low-lying states of MgO. For each state the FVMCSCF calculations were used to identify the important configurations which are then used in the MCSCF calculation and subsequently as references in a single and double excitation CI calculation. This approach is found to treat all states equivalently, with the maximum error in the computed transition energies and equilibrium bond lengths of 800/cm and approximately 0.03 A, respectively. The b 3 Sigma + state which has yet to be characterized experimentally is predicted to have a transition energy of approximately 8300/cm and a bond length of 1.79 A. A spectroscopic analysis of the potential curves indicates that their shapes are in quite reasonable agreement with the range of experimental results.

  16. The resonance phenomena and state of health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sikura A.Y.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The question of dependence of the state of health is examined from the resonance phenomena in the liquid environments of organism, roles herein physical loadings. It is rotined that resonance waves can compensate structural violations on a tissue, system levels. The oppressive operating is the same compensated on the organism of man. The physical loading in a complex with other external resonance phenomena causes substantial resonance vibrations in all systems of organism. It is necessary to take into account it on employments on physical education and to use all necessary rehabilitation facilities.

  17. Forbidden Transition Probabilities of Astrophysical Interest among Low-lying States of V III

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Andrei Irimia

    2007-06-01

    Electric and magnetic multipole transitions among low-lying states of doubly ionized vanadium were computed using the multi-configuration Hartree–Fock (MCHF) method with Breit–Pauli (BP) corrections to a non-relativistic Hamiltonian. Energy levels were determined up to and including 32(1)4 b 27/2 and computed energies were found to be in good agreement with experiment and other theories. In addition to Einstein coefficients for some E2 and M1 transitions, lifetime data and selected weighted oscillator strengths are also reported.

  18. Chaos Control in Three Dimensional Cancer Model by State Space Exact Linearization Based on Lie Algebra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Shahzad

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study deals with the control of chaotic dynamics of tumor cells, healthy host cells, and effector immune cells in a chaotic Three Dimensional Cancer Model (TDCM by State Space Exact Linearization (SSEL technique based on Lie algebra. A non-linear feedback control law is designed which induces a coordinate transformation thereby changing the original chaotic TDCM system into a controlled one linear system. Numerical simulation has been carried using Mathematica that witness the robustness of the technique implemented on the chosen chaotic system.

  19. A New Approach to Solve the Low-lying States of the Schroedinger Equation

    CERN Document Server

    Lee Tsung Dao

    2005-01-01

    We review a new iterative procedure to solve the low-lying states of the Schroedinger equation, done in collaboration with Richard Friedberg. For the groundstate energy, the $n^{th}$ order iterative energy is bounded by a finite limit, independent of $n$; thereby it avoids some of the inherent difficulties faced by the usual perturbative series expansions. For a fairly large class of problems, this new procedure can be proved to give convergent iterative solutions. These convergent solutions include the long standing difficult problem of a quartic potential with either symmetric or asymmetric minima.

  20. Proton core polarization in low-lying states of 86Sr

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connelly, J. P.; Milliman, T. E.; Heisenberg, J. H.; Hersman, F. W.; Wise, J. E., III; Papanicolas, C. N.

    1990-11-01

    Electron-scattering cross sections, measured between 0.4 and 3.1 fm-1, have been unfolded to obtain charge transition densities for the low-lying 2+, 4+, 6+, and 8+ states in 86Sr. A comparison is made to analogous levels in 92Mo. Angular momentum recoupling in the 1g9/2 shell of two protons in 92Mo and two neutron holes in 86Sr are the dominant configurations for these levels. Proton core polarization in 86Sr neutron valence transitions diminishes with increasing multipolarity, indicating the residual interaction weakens with increasing momentum transfer.

  1. Electron impact excitation and assignment of the low-lying electronic states of CO2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, R. I.; Trajmar, S.

    1973-01-01

    Electron scattering spectra of CO2 are reported in the 7 to 10 eV energy-loss range, at energies of 0.2, 0.35, 0.6, 0.7, and 7.0 eV above threshold, and at a scattering angle of 90 deg. Several new distinct overlapping continua with weak, diffuse bands superimposed are observed to lie in this energy-loss range. The experimental spectra are discussed in the light of recent ab initio configuration-interaction calculations of the vertical transition energies of CO2. The experimental spectra are shown to be consistent with the excitation states of CO2.

  2. Minimization principle for non degenerate excited states (independent of orthogonality to lower lying known approximants)

    CERN Document Server

    Bacalis, Naoum C

    2016-01-01

    The computation of small concise and comprehensible excited state wave functions is needed because many electronic processes occur in excited states. But since the excited energies are saddle points in the Hilbert space of wave functions, the standard computational methods, based on orthogonality to lower lying approximants, resort to huge and incomprehensible wave functions, otherwise, the truncated wave function is veered away from the exact. The presented variational principle for excited states, Fn, is demonstrated to lead to the correct excited eigenfunction in necessarily small truncated spaces. Using Hylleraas coordinates for He 1S 1s2s, the standard method based on the theorem of Hylleraas - Unheim, and MacDonald, yields misleading main orbitals 1s1s' and needs a series expansion of 27 terms to be corrected, whereas minimizing Fn goes directly to the corect main orbitals, 1s2s, and can be adequately improved by 8 terms. Fn uses crude, rather inaccurate, lower lying approximants and does not need ortho...

  3. Characterization of the low-lying 0$^{+}$ and 2$^{+}$ states of $^{68}$ Ni

    CERN Multimedia

    Recently, a number of low-lying low-spin states have been firmly identified in $^{68}$Ni; the position of the first excited state (which is a 0$^{+}$ state), the spin and parity of the second excited 0$^{+}$ state and the spin and parity of the second and third 2$^+$ states have been fixed. The identification of these three pairs of 0$^+$ and 2$^+$ states in $^{68}$Ni (Z=28 and N=40) forms ideal tests to validate shell-model calculations and the effective interactions developed for the nickel region but also hints to triple shape coexistence including even strongly deformed structures. The aim of this proposal is to collect detailed spectroscopic data of the low-spin states of $^{68}$Ni (Z=28, N=40) in order to characterize these triple pairs of 0$^+$ and 2$^+$ states. $\\gamma$-branching ratios of the 0$^+$ and 2$^+$ states and the E0 transition strengths as well as the E2 transition rate of the 0$_3^+$ will be obtained using the new ISOLDE decay station that is constructed from an efficient array of germaniu...

  4. Performance of Hyperspherical Harmonic Expansionon the Low-lying Pand D States of Helium Atom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The wave functions of the n 1,3P (n=2,3,4) and the n 1,3D (n=3,4,5) low-lying states ofthe helium atom are expanded into the complete sets of the symmetrically adapted basis functionsfrom hyperspherical harmonic functions in the angle part and of generalized Laguerre functions inthe radial part respectively, and are then augmented by the simplest type of Jastrow correlationfactor to incorporate electron-nucleus cusp only. The excellent agreement between the presentnonrelativistic eigen-energies and those from the sophisticated configuration interaction (CI)method for the examined states indicates that the hyperspherical harmonic method can also be applied to the P and the D excited states of the helium atom.

  5. Observation of a low-lying neutron-unbound state in {sup 19}C

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thoennessen, M., E-mail: thoennessen@nscl.msu.edu [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Mosby, S. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Badger, N.S. [Department of Physics, Rhodes College, Memphis, TN 38112 (United States); Baumann, T.; Bazin, D. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Bennett, M. [Department of Physics, Westmont College, Santa Barbara, CA 93108 (United States); Brown, J. [Department of Physics, Wabash College, Crawfordsville, IN 47933 (United States); Christian, G. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); DeYoung, P.A. [Department of Physics, Hope College, Holland, MI 49423 (United States); Finck, J.E. [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mt. Pleasant, MI 48859 (United States); Gardner, M. [Department of Physics, Westmont College, Santa Barbara, CA 93108 (United States); Hook, E.A. [Department of Physics, Rhodes College, Memphis, TN 38112 (United States); Luther, B. [Department of Physics, Concordia College, Moorhead, MN 56562 (United States); Meyer, D.A. [Department of Physics, Rhodes College, Memphis, TN 38112 (United States); Mosby, M. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Rogers, W.F. [Department of Physics, Westmont College, Santa Barbara, CA 93108 (United States); and others

    2013-08-21

    Proton removal reactions from a secondary {sup 22}N beam were utilized to populate unbound states in neutron-rich carbon isotopes. Neutrons were measured with the Modular Neutron Array (MoNA) in coincidence with carbon fragments. A resonance with a decay energy of 76(14) keV was observed in the system {sup 18}C+n corresponding to a state in {sup 19}C at an excitation energy of 653(95) keV. This resonance could correspond to the first 5/2{sup +} state which was recently speculated to be unbound in order to describe 1n and 2n removal cross section measurements from {sup 20}C.

  6. Measurement of differential cross sections via p(e,e^'&+circ;)n for studying high-lying resonances at high Q^2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Kijun; Burkert, Volker

    2012-10-01

    An extensive experimental programs has been carried out at Jefferson Laboratory to study the excitation resonances using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS). Pion electroproduction on protons is sensitive to the resonance excitation and allows us to explore its internal structure. The CLAS is well suited for the study of a broad range of kinematics in the invariant mass W and photon virtuality Q^2 with nearly complete angular coverage for the hadronic decays. Electron scattering allows us to probe the effective degrees of freedom in excited nucleon states from meson-baryon cloud to dressed quarks in terms of varying distance scale. In this talk, we report the differential cross-sections for exclusive single charged pion electroproduction from proton targets. The kinematic range covers Q^2 from 1.7;GeV^2 to 4.5;GeV^2 and W from 1.6;GeV to 2.0;GeV. Separated structure functions are also presented and compared with the present calculations and previous measurements. This work, along with an upcoming analysis of same kinematics from exclusive p0̂ and p&+circ;&-circ; electroproduction will allow the determination of electro-couplings of several high-lying excited proton states, for the first time, at photon virtualities that correspond to transition toward dominance of quark degrees of freedom.

  7. Study of the γ decay of high-lying states in 208Pb via inelastic scattering of 17O ions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crespi F.C.L.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available High-lying states in 208Pb nucleus were populated via inelastic scattering of a 17O beam at bombarding energy of 20 MeV/u. Their subsequent gamma decay was measured with the detector system AGATA Demonstrator based on HPGe detectors, coupled to an array of large volume LaBr3:Ce scintillators. Preliminary results in comparison with (γ,γ′ data, for states in the 5–8 MeV energy interval, seem to indicate that in that region the states belong to two different groups one with a isoscalar character and the other with a isovector nature. This is similar to what was observed in other stable nuclei with (α,α′γ experiments. The multipolarity of the observed gamma transitions is determined with remarkable sensitivity thanks to angular distribution measurements. Data aiming at studying the neutron decay of the Giant Quadrupole Resonance in the 208Pb by the high resolution measurement of the following gamma decay are also presented in their preliminary form.

  8. Ab initio study of the low-lying electronic states of the CaO molecule

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khalil, Hossain; Brites, Vincent; Quere, Frederic Le [Universite Paris-Est, Laboratoire de Modelisation et Simulation Multi Echelle, UMR 8208 CNRS, Batiment Lavoisier, 5 boulevard Descartes, Champs sur Marne, 77454 Marne-la-Vallee, Cedex 2 (France); Leonard, Celine, E-mail: celine.leonard@univ-paris-est.fr [Universite Paris-Est, Laboratoire de Modelisation et Simulation Multi Echelle, UMR 8208 CNRS, Batiment Lavoisier, 5 boulevard Descartes, Champs sur Marne, 77454 Marne-la-Vallee, Cedex 2 (France)

    2011-07-28

    Graphical abstract: Highly correlated ab initio calculations have been performed for an accurate determination of the electronic structure of the low-lying electronic states of the CaO molecule. The computations are done using the aug-cc-pV5Z basis set for O and the cc-pCV5Z for Ca. The potential energy curves for the molecular states correlating to the lowest three asymptotes are calculated at the CASSCF level. The potential curves of the lowest five molecular states, X{sup 1}{Sigma}{sup +}, a{sup 3}{Pi}, A'{sup 1{Pi}}, b{sup 3}{Sigma}{sup +} and A{sup 1}{Sigma}{sup +}, and the corresponding dipole moment functions have been determined using internally contracted multi-reference configuration interaction approaches. The spectroscopic constants associated with these electronic states are compared to experimental values. The corresponding electronic wavefunctions have also been analyzed using the dipole moment functions. Display Omitted Highlights: {yields} The five lowest electronic states of Cao have been determined ab initio at a high level of accuracy. {yields} Large active space, core-valence correlation and configuration interaction are required. {yields} The multi-configurational nature of the electronic ground state is confirmed as well as its monovalent and divalent ionic nature using dipole moment analysis. {yields} These interacting potentials will serve for future obtention of spin-rovibronic levels. - Abstract: Highly correlated ab initio calculations have been performed for an accurate determination of the electronic structure of the low-lying electronic states of the CaO molecule. The computations are done using the aug-cc-pV5Z basis set for O and the cc-pCV5Z for Ca. The potential energy curves for the molecular states correlating to the lowest three asymptotes are calculated at the CASSCF level. The potential curves of the lowest five molecular states, X{sup 1}{Sigma}{sup +}, a{sup 3}{Pi}, A'{sup 1}{Pi}, b{sup 3}{Sigma}{sup +} and A{sup 1

  9. Ultrafast dynamics of the lowest-lying neutral states in carbon dioxide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Travis W.; Champenois, Elio G.; Cryan, James P.; Shivaram, Niranjan; Yang, Chan-Shan; Belkacem, Ali

    2017-02-01

    We present a study of the ultrafast dissociation dynamics of the lowest-lying electronic excited states in CO2 by using ultraviolet (UV) and extreme-ultraviolet (XUV) pulses from high-order harmonic generation. We observe two primary dissociation channels: a direct dissociation channel along the Π1g electronically excited manifold, and a second channel which results from the mixing of electronic states. The direct dissociation channel is found to have a lifetime which is shorter than our experimental resolution, whereas the second channel has a significantly longer lifetime of nearly 200 fs. In this long-lived channel we observe a beating of the vibrational populations with a period of ˜133 fs.

  10. Electron-impact excitation of the low-lying electronic states of formaldehyde

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chutjian, A.

    1974-01-01

    Electron-impact excitation has been observed at incident electron energies of 10.1 and 20.1 eV to the first five excited electronic states of formaldehyde lying at and below the 1B2 state at 7.10 eV. These excitations include two new transitions in the energy-loss range 5.6-6.2 eV and 6.7-7.0 eV which have been detected for the first time, either through electron-impact excitation or photon absorption. The differential cross sections of these new excitations are given at scattering angles between 15 and 135 deg. These cross-section ratios peak at large scattering angles - a characteristic of triplet - singlet excitations. The design and performance of the electron-impact spectrometer used in the above observations is outlined and discussed.

  11. Low-lying electronic states of CuN calculated by MRCI method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shu-Dong; Liu, Chao

    2016-10-01

    The high accuracy ab initio calculation method of multi-reference configuration interaction (MRCI) is used to compute the low-lying eight electronic states of CuN. The potential energy curves (PECs) of the X3Σ-, 13Π, 23Σ-, 13Δ, 11Δ, 11Σ-, 11Π, and 5Σ- in a range of R = 0.1 nm-0.5 nm are obtained and they are goodly asymptotes to the Cu(2Sg) + N(4Su) and Cu(2Sg) + N(2Du) dissociation limits. All the possible vibrational levels, rotational constants, and spectral constants for the six bound states of X3Σ-, 13Π, 23Σ-, 11Δ, 11Σ-, and 11Π are obtained by solving the radial Schrödinger equation of nuclear motion with the Le Roy provided Level8.0 program. Also the transition dipole moments from the ground state X3Σ- to the excited states 13Π and 23Σ- are calculated and the result indicates that the 23Σ--X3Σ- transition has a much higher transition dipole moment than the 13Π-X3Σ- transition even though the 13Π state is much lower in energy than the 23Σ- state.

  12. Highly charged ions in Penning traps, a new tool for resolving low lying isomeric states

    CERN Document Server

    Gallant, A T; Brunner, T; Chowdhury, U; Ettenauer, S; Simon, V V; Mané, E; Simon, M C; Andreoiu, C; Delheij, P; Gwinner, G; Pearson, M R; Ringle, R; Dilling, J

    2011-01-01

    The use of highly charged ions greatly increases the precision and resolving power, in particular for short-lived species produced at on-line radio-isotope beam facilities, achievable with Penning trap mass spectrometers. This increase in resolving power provides a new and unique access to resolving low-lying long-lived ($T_{1/2} > 50$ ms) nuclear isomers. Recently, the $111.19(22)$ keV (determined from $\\gamma$-ray spectroscopy) isomeric state in $^{78}$Rb has been resolved from the ground state, in a charge state of $q=8+$ with the TITAN Penning trap at the TRIUMF-ISAC facility. The energy level of the isomer was measured to be $108.7(6.4)$ keV above the ground state. The extracted masses for both the ground and isomeric states, and their difference, agree with the AME2003 and Nuclear Data Sheet values. This proof of principle measurement demonstrates the feasibility of using Penning trap mass spectrometers coupled to charge breeders to study nuclear isomers and opens a new route for isomer searches.

  13. Spatially coherent surface resonance states derived from magnetic resonances

    CERN Document Server

    Wei, Zeyong; Cao, Yang; Wu, Chao; Ren, Jinzhi; Hang, Zhihong; Chen, Hong; Zhang, Daozhong; Chan, C T

    2010-01-01

    A thin metamaterial slab comprising a dielectric spacer sandwiched between a metallic grating and a ground plane is shown to possess spatially coherent surface resonance states that span a large frequency range and can be tuned by structural and material parameters. They give rise to nearly perfect angle-selective absorption and thus exhibit directional thermal emissivity. Direct numerical simulations show that the metamaterial slab supports spatially coherent thermal emission in a wide frequency range that is robust against structural disorder.

  14. Understanding close-lying exotic charmonia states within QCD sum rules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez Torres, A.; Khemchandani, K. P.; Dias, J. M.; Navarra, F. S.; Nielsen, M.

    2017-10-01

    Motivated by the experimental findings of some new exotic states decaying into channels like J / ψϕ, we investigate the formation of resonances/bound states in the Ds* Dbars* system using QCD sum rules. To do this we start with a current of the type vector times vector and use spin projectors to separate the spin 0, 1 and 2 contributions to the correlation function. We find three states with isospin 0, nearly spin degenerate, with a mass around 4.1 GeV. We have also investigated the decay of these states to J / ψϕ and provide the corresponding partial widths. Such information should be useful for experimental studies in future.

  15. Towards establishing low-lying $\\Lambda$ and $\\Sigma$ hyperon resonances with $\\bar K + d \\to \\pi + Y + N$ reaction

    CERN Document Server

    Kamano, H

    2016-01-01

    A model for the $\\bar K d \\to \\pi Y N$ reactions with $Y=\\Lambda, \\Sigma$ is developed, aiming at establishing the low-lying $\\Lambda$ and $\\Sigma$ hyperon resonances through analyzing the forthcoming data from the J-PARC E31 experiment. The off-shell amplitudes generated from the dynamical coupled-channels (DCC) model, which was developed in Phys. Rev. C 90, 065204 (2014), are used as input to the calculations of the elementary $\\bar K N \\to \\bar K N$ and $\\bar K N \\to \\pi Y$ subprocesses in the $\\bar K d \\to \\pi Y N$ reactions. It is shown that the cross sections for the J-PARC E31 experiment with a rather high incoming-$\\bar{K}$ momentum, $|\\vec p_{\\bar K}|= 1$ GeV, can be predicted reliably only when the input $\\bar K N \\to \\bar K N$ amplitudes are generated from a $\\bar KN$ model, such as the DCC model used in this investigation, which describes the data of the $\\bar K N$ reactions at energies far beyond the $\\bar K N$ threshold. We find that the data of the threefold differential cross section $d\\sigma/...

  16. Quantum chemical characterization of low-lying excited states of an aryl peroxycarbonate: mechanistic implications for photodissociation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Seth; Schwarzer, Dirk; Troe, Jürgen; Smith, Sean C

    2010-04-01

    Recent experiments have revealed the existence of an excited state dissociative mechanism for certain peroxycarbonates, with the demonstration that the lifetime of the excited state matches the picosecond time scale for appearance of nascent carbon dioxide product. The data infer that the photoreaction proceeds via an effectively concerted three-body dissociation within the lifetime of the singlet excited state. Many other arylperoxides decay sequentially via [(aryloxy)carbonyl]oxy radical intermediates on nanosecond-microsecond time scales. Uncertainty as to the lifetime of the excited state relates to the character and the relative energetic ordering of states of the parent molecule, since the spectra and photochemistry imply that low-lying states may exist on each of the aryl, carbonate, and peroxide chemical functionalities. We employ many-body electronic structure calculations to determine the energies and characters of the low-lying valence states of a minimal aryl peroxycarbonate model germane to the above-mentioned experiments, methyl phenyl peroxycarbonate (MPC). Our results indicate that the lowest-lying state is an intrinsically nondissociative aryl pipi* excited state. We identify additional low-lying states that are expected to be dissociative in nature and propose that the time scales observed for the dissociation reaction may correspond to the time scale for transfer of excited state population to these states.

  17. Potential energy curves for the ground and low-lying excited states of CuAg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alizadeh, Davood; Shayesteh, Alireza, E-mail: jamshidi@ccerci.ac.ir, E-mail: ashayesteh@ut.ac.ir [School of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Tehran, 14176 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Jamshidi, Zahra, E-mail: jamshidi@ccerci.ac.ir, E-mail: ashayesteh@ut.ac.ir [Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Research Center of Iran, 14335-186 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2014-10-21

    The ground and low-lying excited states of heteronuclear diatomic CuAg are examined by multi-reference configuration interaction (MRCI) method. Relativistic effects were treated and probed in two steps. Scalar terms were considered using the spin-free DKH Hamiltonian as a priori and spin-orbit coupling was calculated perturbatively via the spin-orbit terms of the Breit-Pauli Hamiltonian based on MRCI wavefunctions. Potential energy curves of the spin-free states and their corresponding Ω components correlating with the separated atom limits {sup 2}S(Cu) + {sup 2}S(Ag) and {sup 2}D(Cu) + {sup 2}S(Ag) are obtained. The results are in fine agreement with the experimental measurements and tentative conclusions for the ion-pair B0{sup +} state are confirmed by our theoretical calculations. Illustrative results are presented to reveal the relative importance and magnitude of the scalar and spin-orbit effects on the spectroscopic properties of this molecule. Time dependent density functional theory calculations, using the LDA, BLYP, B3LYP, and SAOP functionals have been carried out for CuAg and the accuracy of TD-DFT has been compared with ab initio results.

  18. Probing ground and low-lying excited states for HIO{sub 2} isomers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souza, Gabriel L. C. de [Departamento de Química, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso 78060-900 (Brazil); Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Tecnologia, Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Itacoatiara, Amazonas 69100-000 (Brazil); Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G2 (Canada); Brown, Alex, E-mail: alex.brown@ualberta.ca [Department of Chemistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2G2 (Canada)

    2014-12-21

    We present a computational study on HIO{sub 2} molecules. Ground state properties such as equilibrium structures, relative energetics, vibrational frequencies, and infrared intensities were obtained for all the isomers at the coupled-cluster with single and double excitations as well as perturbative inclusion of triples (CCSD(T)) level of theory with the aug-cc-pVTZ-PP basis set and ECP-28-PP effective core potential for iodine and the aug-cc-pVTZ basis set for hydrogen and oxygen atoms. The HOIO structure is confirmed as the lowest energy isomer. The relative energies are shown to be HOIO < HOOI < HI(O)O. The HO(O)I isomer is only stable at the density functional theory (DFT) level of theory. The transition states determined show interconversion of the isomers is possible. In order to facilitate future experimental identification, vibrational frequencies are also determined for all corresponding deuterated species. Vertical excitation energies for the three lowest-lying singlet and triplet excited states were determined using the configuration interaction singles, time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT)/B3LYP, TD-DFT/G96PW91, and equation of motion-CCSD approaches with the LANL2DZ basis set plus effective core potential for iodine and the aug-cc-pVTZ basis set for hydrogen and oxygen atoms. It is shown that HOIO and HOOI isomers have excited states accessible at solar wavelengths (<4.0 eV) but these states have very small oscillator strengths (<2 × 10{sup −3})

  19. Probing ground and low-lying excited states for HIO2 isomers

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Souza, Gabriel L. C.; Brown, Alex

    2014-12-01

    We present a computational study on HIO2 molecules. Ground state properties such as equilibrium structures, relative energetics, vibrational frequencies, and infrared intensities were obtained for all the isomers at the coupled-cluster with single and double excitations as well as perturbative inclusion of triples (CCSD(T)) level of theory with the aug-cc-pVTZ-PP basis set and ECP-28-PP effective core potential for iodine and the aug-cc-pVTZ basis set for hydrogen and oxygen atoms. The HOIO structure is confirmed as the lowest energy isomer. The relative energies are shown to be HOIO < HOOI < HI(O)O. The HO(O)I isomer is only stable at the density functional theory (DFT) level of theory. The transition states determined show interconversion of the isomers is possible. In order to facilitate future experimental identification, vibrational frequencies are also determined for all corresponding deuterated species. Vertical excitation energies for the three lowest-lying singlet and triplet excited states were determined using the configuration interaction singles, time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT)/B3LYP, TD-DFT/G96PW91, and equation of motion-CCSD approaches with the LANL2DZ basis set plus effective core potential for iodine and the aug-cc-pVTZ basis set for hydrogen and oxygen atoms. It is shown that HOIO and HOOI isomers have excited states accessible at solar wavelengths (<4.0 eV) but these states have very small oscillator strengths (<2 × 10-3).

  20. Dirac Coupled Channel Analyses of the high-lying excited states at $^{22}$Ne(p,p$'$)$^{22}$Ne

    CERN Document Server

    Shim, Sugie

    2015-01-01

    Dirac phenomenological coupled channel analyses are performed using an optical potential model for the high-lying excited vibrational states at 800 MeV unpolarized proton inelastic scatterings from $^{22}$Ne nucleus. Lorentz-covariant scalar and time-like vector potentials are used as direct optical potentials and the first-order vibrational collective model is used for the transition optical potentials to describe the high-lying excited vibrational collective states. The complicated Dirac coupled channel equations are solved phenomenologically using a sequential iteration method by varying the optical potential and the deformation parameters. Relativistic Dirac coupled channel calculations are able to describe the high-lying excited states of the vibrational bands in $^{22}$Ne clearly better than the nonrelativistic coupled channel calculations. The channel-coupling effects of the multistep process for the excited states of the vibrational bands are investigated. The deformation parameters obtained from the ...

  1. All Electron ab initio Investigations of the Three Lowest Lying Electronic States of the RuC Molecule

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Shim, Irene; Gingerich, K. A.

    2000-01-01

    The three lowest-lying electronic states of RuC, (1)Sigma(+), (3)Delta, and (1)Delta, have been investigated by performing all-electron ab initio multi-configuration self-consistent-field (CASSCF) and multi-reference configuration interaction (MRCI) calculations including relativistic corrections....... The electronic ground state is derived as (1)Sigma(+) with the spectroscopic constants r(e) = 1.616 Angstrom and omega(e) = 1085 cm(-1). The lowest-lying excited state, (3)Delta, has r(e) = 1.632 Angstrom, omega(e) = 1063 cm(-1), and T-e = 912 cm(-1). These results are consistent with recent spectroscopic values....... The chemical bonds in all three lowest-lying states are triple bonds composed of one sigma and two pi bonds. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved....

  2. Theoretical spectroscopic constants for the low-lying states of the oxides and sulfides of Mo and Tc

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langhoff, Stephen R.; Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Pettersson, Lars G. M.; Siegbahn, Per E. M.

    1989-01-01

    Spectroscopic results were determined for the ground and low-lying states of the oxides and sulfides of Mo and Tc, using the single-reference-based modified coupled pair functional method of Ahlrichs et al. (1985) and Chong et al. (1986) and the multireference-based state-averaged CASSCF/MRCI method. Spectroscopic constants, dipole moments, Mulliken populations, and radiative lifetimes were calculated for selected low-lying states of these molecular systems. The spectroscopy of the MoS and TcS molecules was found to be quite analogous to the corresponding oxides.

  3. Simultaneous description of low-lying positive and negative parity states in spd, sdf and spdf interacting boson model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jafarizadeh, M. A.; Majarshin, A. Jalili; Fouladi, N.

    2016-11-01

    In order to investigate negative parity states, it is necessary to consider negative parity-bosons additionally to the usual s- and d-bosons. The dipole and octupole degrees of freedom are essential to describe the observed low-lying collective states with negative parity. An extended interacting boson model (IBM) that describes pairing interactions among s, p, d and f-boson based on affine SU(1, 1) Lie algebra in the quantum phase transition (QPT) field, such as spd-IBM, sdf-IBM and spdf-IBM, is composed based on algebraic structure. In this paper, a solvable extended transitional Hamiltonian based on affine SU(1, 1) Lie algebra is proposed to describe low-lying positive and negative parity states between the spherical and deformed gamma-unstable shape. Three model of new algebraic solution for even-even nuclei are introduced. Numerical extraction to low-lying energy levels and transition rates within the control parameters of this evaluated Hamiltonian are presented for various N values. We reproduced the positive and negative parity states and our calculations suggest that the results of spdf-IBM are better than spd-IBM and sdf-IBM in this literature. By reproducing the experimental results, the method based on signature of the phase transition such as level crossing in the lowest excited states is used to provide a better description of Ru isotopes in this transitional region.

  4. Theoretical calculation of low-lying states of NaAr and NaXe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laskowski, B. C.; Langhoff, S. R.; Stallcop, J. R.

    1981-01-01

    Potential curves as well as dipole moments and linking transition moments are calculated for the ground X 2 Sigma + and low lying excited A 2 Pi, B 2 Sigma +, C 2 Sigma +, (4) 2 Sigma +, (2) 2 Pi and (1) 2 Delta states of NaAr and NaXe. Calculations are performed using a self-consistent field plus configuration-interaction procedure with the core electrons replaced by an ab initio effective core potential. The potential curves obtained are found to be considerably less repulsive than the semiempirical curves of Pascale and Vandeplanque (1974) and to agree well with existing experimental data, although the binding energies of those states having potential minima due to van der Waals interactions are underestimated. Emission bands are also calculated for the X 2 Sigma + - C 2 Sigma + excimer transitions of NaAr and NaXe using the calculated transition moments and potential curves, and shown to agree well with experiment on the short-wavelength side of the maximum.

  5. Dynamics of the higher lying excited states of cyanine dyes. An ultrafast fluorescence study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guarin, Cesar A; Villabona-Monsalve, Juan P; López-Arteaga, Rafael; Peon, Jorge

    2013-06-20

    The electronic relaxation dynamics of the second singlet excited states of several cyanine dyes was studied through the femtosecond fluorescence up-conversion technique. Our interest in these molecules comes from the potential applications of systems with upper excited singlet states with a long lifetime, which can include electron and energy transfer from the higher lying singlets after one- or two-photon absorption. We studied three series of cyanines with 4-quinolyl, 2-quinolyl, or benzothiazolyl type end groups, each with varying sp(2) carbon conjugation lengths in the methinic bridge. The dynamics after electronic excitation to singlet states above the fluorescent state vary significantly as a function of cyanine structure and conjugation length. In particular, for the 4-quinolyl series the cyanine with an intermediate conjugation length (three methinic carbons) has the slowest S2 decays with lifetimes of 5.4 ps in ethanol and 6.6 ps in ethylene glycol. On the other hand, we observed that the 2-quinolyl family has S2 decay times in the subpicosecond range independent of the conjugation length between the end groups. The slowest internal conversion was observed for the benzothiazolyl type cyanine with five methinic carbons, with an S2 lifetime of 17.3 ps in ethanol. For the planar cyanines of this study we observed for the first time a clear systematic trend in the S2 decay times which closely follow the energy gap law. It was also demonstrated that a slow S2 decay is as well observed upon excitation through degenerate two-photon absorption with near-IR pulses. The present study isolates the most important variables for the design of cyanines with long S2 lifetimes.

  6. Theoretical studies of the low-lying states of ScO, ScS, VO, and VS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Langhoff, Stephen R.

    1986-01-01

    Bonding in the low-lying states of ScO, ScS, VO, and VS is theoretically studied. Excellent agreement is obtained with experimental spectroscopic constants for the low-lying states of ScO and VO. The results for VS and ScS show that the bonding in the oxides and sulfides is similar, but that the smaller electronegativity in S leads to a smaller ionic component in the bonding. The computed D0 of the sulfides are about 86 percent of the corresponding oxides, and the low-lying excited states are lower in the sulfides than in the corresponding oxides. The CPF method is shown to be an accurate and cost-effective method for obtaining reliable spectroscopic constants for these systems.

  7. Low-Lying States of the A+B-A+B- Coulomb Systems in Two-Dimensional Quantum Dots

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIE Wen-Fang

    2001-01-01

    The features of the low-lying spectra of four-body A+B-A+B- systems have been deduced based on symmetry. Using the method of few-body physics, we calculate the energy spectra of A + B- A + B- systems in a harmonic quantum dot. We find that the biexciton in a two-dimensional quantum dot may have other bound excited states and the quantum mechanical symmetry plays a crucialrole in determining the energy levels and structures of the low-lying states.

  8. On the low-lying states of WO - A comparison with CrO and MoO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelin, C. J.; Bauschlicher, C. W., Jr.

    1985-01-01

    The four low-lying states of WO were investigated and compared with similar states of CrO and MoO. For all these systems the ground state is 5 Pi, but the ordering of the upper states is different between WO and either CrO or MoO. The difference in the state ordering arises in part from the fact that in WO all of the states are formed from W(+) in a d4S1 configuration, whereas in both CrO and MoO some states are formed from the d5 configuration and others from the d4S1 configuration.

  9. Role of 'quasiparticle x phonon' components in gamma-decay of high-lying states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ponomarev, V.Yu.; Soloviev, V.G.; Vdovin, A.I.; Stoyanov, C.

    1987-01-15

    The ..gamma.. decay rates of highly excited nuclear states of odd-mass nuclei into the low-lying one-quasiparticle states are calculated in a microscopic way. We conclude that not only the one quasiparticle component but also ''quasiparticle x phonon'' components of the wave function of highly excited states can play an important role in their ..gamma.. decay.

  10. Analytic continuation of bound states to solve resonance states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanaka, Norimichi; Arai, Koji [Niigata Univ. (Japan); Suzuki, Yoshiyuki; Varga, K.

    1997-05-01

    As a method to determine the parameters of the resonance state, a method is proposed using analytic continuation on bound constants of correlation. The characteristics of this method consists in probability of prediction of the parameters of the resonance state only by calculation of the bound state. Owing to conducting the analytic continuation on square root of energy in the bound state as a function relating to the bound constant, energy and width in the bound state was determined. Here was reported on a result of application of this method to three systems. Some partial wave on two systems showing correlation at a simple potential and a resonance state of zero of all orbital angular motion quality in three boson system were determined using the analytic continuation method. These results agreed well with one used a method of integrating Schroedinger equation directly and one used the complex scaling method, and this method was found to be much efficient for the study of the resonance state. Under a background of becoming applicable to the method of analytic continuation, there was development of calculating method for the recent small number multi system. As the characteristics of the analytic continuation method is used for only calculation of the bound state, it is convenient at a point applicable to the method to obtain conventional bound state and then is much efficient in a point of applicability of calculus of variations. However, in order to obtain coefficient of Pade approximation correctly, the bound state must be solved correctly, which is difficult for more complex system and is not always applicable to every systems. (G.K.)

  11. Theoretical study of the low-lying electronic states of ZnO and ZnS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauschlicher, C. W., Jr.; Langhoff, S. R.

    1986-01-01

    Theoretical spectroscopic constants and dipole moments are determined for the 1 Sigma(+), 1,3 Pi, and 3 Sigma(+) states of ZnO and ZnS, using extended Gaussian basis sets and incorporating correlation using both configuration-interaction and coupled pair (CPF) methods. Relativistic corrections (Darwin plus mass velocity), included using first-order perturbation theory, are relatively small. At the CPF level, both ZnO and ZnS have 1 Sigma(+) ground states, with the 3 Pi state lying 209 and 2075/cm higher, respectively. The 3 Sigma(+) state lies about 1.5 eV higher in ZnO and 2.1 eV higher in ZnS. The 1,3 Pi states are relatively close together since the exchange splitting is small with the sigma electron localized on Zn and the pi electron on oxygen (or sulfur).

  12. Parenting by Lying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heyman, Gail D.; Luu, Diem H.; Lee, Kang

    2009-01-01

    The present set of studies identifies the phenomenon of "parenting by lying", in which parents lie to their children as a means of influencing their emotional states and behaviour. In Study 1, undergraduates (n = 127) reported that their parents had lied to them while maintaining a concurrent emphasis on the importance of honesty. In Study 2 (n =…

  13. Low-lying T=0 states in the odd–odd N=Z nucleus {sup 62}Ga

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David, H.M., E-mail: hdavid@anl.gov [University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH9 3JZ (United Kingdom); Woods, P.J.; Lotay, G. [University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH9 3JZ (United Kingdom); Seweryniak, D.; Albers, M.; Alcorta, M.; Carpenter, M.P. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Chiara, C.J. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Davinson, T.; Doherty, D.T. [University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, EH9 3JZ (United Kingdom); Hoffman, C.R.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Lauritsen, T.; Rogers, A.M.; Zhu, S. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

    2013-11-04

    New, low-lying levels in the odd–odd, N=Z nucleus {sup 62}Ga have been identified using a sensitive technique, where in-beam γ rays from short-lived nuclei are tagged with β decays following recoil mass identification. A comparison of the results with shell-model and IBM-4 calculations demonstrates good agreement between theory and experiment, with the majority of predicted low-lying, low-spin T=0 states now identified. There is a dramatic change in the level density at low excitation energies for the N=Z nucleus {sup 62}Ga when compared with neighbouring odd–odd Ga isotopes where, in contrast, the low-lying level structure is dominated by configurations with T=1 pairing interactions between excess neutrons. This illustrates the distinctively different aspects of nuclear structure exhibited by nuclei with N=Z.

  14. Spin and Resonant States in QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Kirchbach, M

    2003-01-01

    I make the case that the nucleon excitations do not exist as isolated higher spin states but are fully absorbed by (K/2,K/2)x [(1/2,0)+(0,1/2)] multiplets taking their origin from the rotational and vibrational excitations of an underlying quark--diquark string. The Delta(1232) spectrum presents itself as the exact replica (up to Delta (1600)) of the nucleon spectrum with the K- clusters being shifted upward by about 200 MeV. QCD inspired arguments support legitimacy of the quark-diquark string. The above K multiplets can be mapped (up to form-factors) onto Lorentz group representation spaces of the type \\psi_{\\mu_1...\\mu_K}, thus guaranteeing covariant description of resonant states. The quantum \\psi_{\\mu_1...\\mu_K} states are of multiple spins at rest, and of undetermined spins elsewhere.

  15. Low-lying isomeric state in {sup 80}Ga from the {beta}{sup -} decay of {sup 80}Zn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    LicA, R.; Marginean, N.; Ghita, D.G. [Horia Hulubei National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); and others

    2012-10-20

    A new level scheme was constructed for {sup 80}Ga which is significantly different from the one previously reported. The excitation energy of a new low-lying state recently reported in [2] was identified at 22.4 keV. Properties of the level scheme suggest that the ground state has spin J = 6 and the first excited state has spin J = 3. The spin assignments are in agreement with laser spectroscopy values previously measured. Our work provides the first evidence for the J = 6 being the ground state.

  16. Ab initio multi-reference configuration interaction of the low-lying states of the AsP molecule

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ling Zhang; Chuanlu Yang; Tingqi Ren; Meishan Wang

    2008-01-01

    Nine low-lying electronic states of the AsP molecule, including Σ+, Ⅱ, and △ symmetries with singlet, triplet, and quintet spin multiplicities, are studied using multi-reference configuration interaction method.The potential energy curves and the spectroscopic constants of these nine states are determined, and compared with the experimental observed data as well as other theoretical works available at present.Three quintet states are reported for the first time.Furthermore, the analytical potential energy functions of these states are fitted using Murrell-Sorbie function and least square fitting method.

  17. Simulating decoherence behavior of a system in entangled state using nuclear magnetic resonance

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, J; Shan, L; Deng, Z; Zhang, Jingfu; Lu, Zhiheng; Shan, Lu; Deng, Zhiwei

    2002-01-01

    By choosing H nucleus in Carbon-13 labelled trichloroethylene as one qubit environment, and two C nuclei as a two-qubit system, we have simulated quantum decoherence when the system lies in an entangled state using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Decoupling technique is used to trace over the environment degrees of freedom. Experimental results show agreements with the theoretical predictions. Our experiment scheme can be generalized to the case that environment is composed of multiple qubits.

  18. Lie detection by functional magnetic resonance imaging%社区人群说谎的功能磁共振研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖坚; 王维; 吴大兴; 柯铭; 吕云霄

    2009-01-01

    Objective To investigate the cognitive mode of deception in community group.Methods Functional magnetic resonance imaging in conjunction with statistical parametric mapping was applied to the community recruited volunteers in the condition of telling truth and lying. Results Compared with telling truth, bilateral dorsalateral prefrontal cortex, medial frontal cortex, inferior parietal cortex, right inferior temporal cortex and cerebellum were significantly activated when subjects lying. Conclusion Lying is related with specific brain region and is able to be detected by functional magnetic resonance imaging.%目的 探讨社区人群与说谎有关的认知模式及神经联系.方法 对社区志愿者进行说真话及说谎条件下的功能磁共振扫描.使用SPM2软件分析受试在两条件下脑区激活的差异.结果 说谎任务对比说真话任务,受试双侧背外侧前额叶、额内侧回、顶下小叶、右颞下回及小脑激活显著增加.结论 大脑的特定区域参与说谎或说真话,并能被功能磁共振成像(fMRI)检测到.

  19. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Analysis of Peroneal Tendon Pathology Associated With Low-Lying Peroneus Brevis Muscle Belly: A Case-Control Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Highlander, Peter; Pearson, Kyle T; Burns, Patrick

    2015-10-01

    Low-lying peroneus brevis tendon muscle belly has been speculated to be an associated factor with symptomatic peroneal tendon pathology. Multiple studies have analyzed normal and anomalous anatomy associated with peroneal tendon pathology; however, no study has confirmed the clinical association between peroneal tendon pathology and low-lying peroneus brevis muscle belly. To identify the correlation of low-lying peroneus brevis muscle belly with peroneal tendon pathology. Case-control study; Level of evidence 3. The level of peroneus brevis muscle belly was compared between patients with symptomatic peroneal tendon pathology (experimental group) and asymptomatic individuals with otherwise normal lateral ankle using magnetic resonance images. Of the 32 consecutive patients with symptomatic peroneal tendon pathology, 28 (87.5%) demonstrated peroneus brevis muscle distal to the fibular groove while 53.8% of control patients demonstrated such findings (P = .022). The most common diagnosis associated with peroneal tendon pathology was ankle instability and osteochondral defect of the talus or tibial plafond. Peroneal tendon pathology in isolation was less common. Peroneal tendon pathology is often associated with lateral ankle instability and osteochondral defects of the ankle joint. Low-lying peroneus brevis muscle belly may be a common anatomic variant, but in the setting of instability it can become a source of pain and pathology secondary to overcrowding. Diagnostic, level III: Case-control study. © 2015 The Author(s).

  20. Lie algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Jacobson, Nathan

    1979-01-01

    Lie group theory, developed by M. Sophus Lie in the 19th century, ranks among the more important developments in modern mathematics. Lie algebras comprise a significant part of Lie group theory and are being actively studied today. This book, by Professor Nathan Jacobson of Yale, is the definitive treatment of the subject and can be used as a textbook for graduate courses.Chapter I introduces basic concepts that are necessary for an understanding of structure theory, while the following three chapters present the theory itself: solvable and nilpotent Lie algebras, Carlan's criterion and its

  1. Chemical state speciation by resonant Raman scattering

    CERN Document Server

    Karydas, A G; Zarkadas, C; Paradelis, T; Kallithrakas-Kontos, N

    2002-01-01

    In the resonant Raman scattering (RRS) process the emitted photon exhibits a continuous energy distribution with a high energy cutoff limit. This cutoff energy depends on the chemical state of the element under examination. In the present work, the possibility of identifying the chemical state of V atoms by employing RRS spectroscopy with a semiconductor Si(Li) detector is investigated. A proton induced Cr K alpha x-ray beam was used as the incident radiation, having a fixed energy lower than the V K-absorption edge. The net RRS distributions extracted from the energy dispersive spectra of metallic V and its compound targets were simulated by an appropriate theoretical model. The results showed the possibility of employing RRS spectroscopy with a semiconductor detector for chemical speciation studies.

  2. Electronic spectra and excited state dynamics of pentafluorophenol: Effects of low-lying πσ{sup ∗} states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karmakar, Shreetama; Mukhopadhyay, Deb Pratim; Chakraborty, Tapas, E-mail: pctc@iacs.res.in [Physical Chemistry Department, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700032 (India)

    2015-05-14

    Multiple fluorine atom substitution effect on photophysics of an aromatic chromophore has been investigated using phenol as the reference system. It has been noticed that the discrete vibronic structure of the S{sub 1}←S{sub 0} absorption system of phenol vapor is completely washed out for pentafluorophenol (PFP), and the latter also shows very large Stokes shift in the fluorescence spectrum. For excitations beyond S{sub 1} origin, the emission yield of PFP is reduced sharply with increase in excess vibronic energy. However, in a collisional environment like liquid hydrocarbon, the underlying dynamical process that drives the non-radiative decay is hindered drastically. Electronic structure theory predicts a number of low-lying dark electronic states of πσ{sup ∗} character in the vicinity of the lowest valence ππ{sup ∗} state of this molecule. Tentatively, we have attributed the excitation energy dependent non-radiative decay of the molecule observed only in the gas phase to an interplay between the lowest ππ{sup ∗} and a nearby dissociative πσ{sup ∗} state. Measurements in different liquids reveal that some of the dark excited states light up with appreciable intensity only in protic liquids like methanol and water due to hydrogen bonding between solute and solvents. Electronic structure theory methods indeed predict that for PFP-(H{sub 2}O){sub n} clusters (n = 1-11), intensities of a number of πσ{sup ∗} states are enhanced with increase in cluster size. In contrast with emitting behavior of the molecule in the gas phase and solutions of nonpolar and polar aprotic liquids, the fluorescence is completely switched off in polar protic liquids. This behavior is a chemically significant manifestation of perfluoro effect, because a very opposite effect occurs in the case of unsubstituted phenol for which fluorescence yield undergoes a very large enhancement in protic liquids. Several dynamical mechanisms have been suggested to interpret the

  3. Theoretical study of highly vibrational states of nonlinear triatomic molecules using Lie algebraic approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑雨军; 丁世良

    2000-01-01

    The vibrational excitations of bent triatomic molecules are studied by using Lie algebra. The RMS error of fitting 30 spectroscopic data is 1.66 cm-1 for SO2. The results show that the expansion of a molecular algebraic Hamiltonian can well describe the experimental data. And the total vibrational levels can be calculated using this Hamiltonian. At the same time, the potential energy surface can also be obtained with the algebraic Hamiltonian.

  4. Theoretical spectroscopic parameters for the low-lying states of the second-row transition metal hydrides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langhoff, Stephen R.; Pettersson, Lars G. M.; Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Partridge, Harry

    1987-01-01

    A systematic analysis of the low-lying states of all of the second-row transition metal (TM) hydrides except CdH is reported. The calculations included the dominant relativistic contributions through the use of the relativistic effective core potentials of Hay and Wadt (1985). Electron correlation was incorporated, using single-plus-double configuration interaction, the coupled pair functional (CPF) formalism of Ahlrichs et al. (1985), and the Chong and Langhoff (1986) modified version of the CPF method. The spectroscopic parameters D(e), r(e), and mu(e) determined for the low-lying states are compared with the available experimental data and previous theoretical results. In contrast to the first-row TM hydrides studied earlier (Chong et al., 1986), the spectroscopic constants for the second-row TM hydrides were found to be much less sensitive to the level of correlation treatment.

  5. Theoretical spectroscopic parameters for the low-lying states of the second-row transition metal hydrides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langhoff, Stephen R.; Pettersson, Lars G. M.; Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Partridge, Harry

    1987-01-01

    A systematic analysis of the low-lying states of all of the second-row transition metal (TM) hydrides except CdH is reported. The calculations included the dominant relativistic contributions through the use of the relativistic effective core potentials of Hay and Wadt (1985). Electron correlation was incorporated, using single-plus-double configuration interaction, the coupled pair functional (CPF) formalism of Ahlrichs et al. (1985), and the Chong and Langhoff (1986) modified version of the CPF method. The spectroscopic parameters D(e), r(e), and mu(e) determined for the low-lying states are compared with the available experimental data and previous theoretical results. In contrast to the first-row TM hydrides studied earlier (Chong et al., 1986), the spectroscopic constants for the second-row TM hydrides were found to be much less sensitive to the level of correlation treatment.

  6. Dirac dynamical resonance states around Schwarzschild black holes

    CERN Document Server

    Zhou, Xiang-Nan; Yang, Ke; Liu, Yu-Xiao

    2013-01-01

    Recently, a novel kind of scalar wigs around Schwarzschild black holes---scalar dynamical resonance states were introduced in [Phys. Rev. D 84, 083008 (2011)] and [Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 081102 (2012)]. In this paper, we investigate the existence and evolution of Dirac dynamical resonance states. First we look for stationary resonance states of a Dirac field around a Schwarzchild black hole by using the Schrodinger-like equations reduced from the Dirac equation in Schwarzschild spacetime. Then Dirac pseudo-stationary configurations are constructed from the stationary resonance states. We use these configurations as initial data and investigate their numerical evolutions and energy decay. These dynamical solutions are the so-called "Dirac dynamical resonance states". It is found that the energy of the Dirac dynamical resonance states shows an exponential decay. The decay rate of energy is affected by the resonant frequency, the mass of Dirac field, the total angular momentum, and the spin-orbit interaction. In ...

  7. Laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy of jet-cooled TiC: Observation of low-lying 1Σ+ states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakhate, S. G.; Mukund, Sheo; Bhattacharyya, Soumen

    2017-07-01

    The TiC has been investigated using laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy. The a1Σ+, b1Σ+, and c1Σ+ states are found to lie respectively at T0 = 319.3, 786.0, and 1407.2 cm-1 and have internuclear distances respectively of r0 = 1.6607, 1.6906, and 1.6927 Å. Similar r0 values of the b1Σ+ and c1Σ+ states with that of the X3Σ+ state (1.6953 Å) indicate that either of these states could be isocofigurational to the ground state. Dispersed fluorescence suggests reassignment of the 3Π1 state to a mixed state with dominant 1Π character. Higher spectral resolution of the 1Π-X3Σ+ band provided improved molecular constants.

  8. Lie Superalgebras

    CERN Document Server

    Papi, Paolo; Advances in Lie Superalgebras

    2014-01-01

    The volume is the outcome of the conference "Lie superalgebras," which was held at the Istituto Nazionale di Alta Matematica, in 2012. The conference gathered many specialists in the subject, and the talks held provided comprehensive insights into the newest trends in research on Lie superalgebras (and related topics like vertex algebras, representation theory and supergeometry). The book contains contributions of many leading esperts in the field and provides a complete account of the newest trends in research on Lie Superalgebras.

  9. Valence bond study on excited states of molecules——Bonding features of the low-lying states of molecule B2

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹泽星; 吴玮; 张乾二

    1997-01-01

    Based on the correspondence of the molecular orbital theory and valence bond theory to the description of chemical bonds,the ah imtio valence bond (VB) calculations of the low-lying states of diatomic molecules arc realized.The calculation results for the low-lying states of B2 show that the VB calculation has clear-cut physical significance,and its simulation of the behavior of the potential energy surface about the equilibrium position is superior to that of the molecular orbital theory.The valence bond calculation involving only a few bonded tableaus can correctly re fleet the effect of electronic correlation.

  10. Primary transitions between the yrast superdeformed band and low-lying normal deformed states in {sup 194}Pb

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hauschild, K.; Bernstein, L.A.; Becker, J.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)] [and others

    1996-12-31

    The observation of one-step `primary` gamma-ray transitions directly linking the superdeformed (SD) states to the normal deformed (ND) low-lying states of known excitation energies (E{sub x}), spins and parities (J{sup {pi}}) is crucial to determining the E{sub x} and J{sup {pi}} of the SD states. With this knowledge one can begin to address some of the outstanding problems associated with SD nuclei, such as the identical band issue, and one can also place more stringent restrictions on theoretical calculations which predict SD states and their properties. Brinkman, et al., used the early implementation of the GAMMASPHERE spectrometer array (32 detectors) and proposed a single, candidate {gamma} ray linking the {sup 194}Pb yrast SD band to the low-lying ND states in {sup 194}Pb. Using 55 detectors in the GAMMASPHERE array Khoo, et al., observed multiple links between the yrast SD band in {sup 194}Hg and the low-lying level scheme and conclusively determined E{sub x} and J of the yrast SD states. Here the authors report on an experiment in which Gammasphere with 88 detectors was used and the E{sub x} and J{sup {pi}} values of the yrast SD states in {sup 194}Pb were uniquely determined. Twelve one-step linking transitions between the yrast SD band and low-lying states in {sup 194}Pb have been identified, including the transition proposed by Brinkman. These transitions have been placed in the level scheme of {sup 194}Pb using coincidence relationships and agreements between the energies of the primary transitions and the energy differences in level spacings. Furthermore, measurements of angular asymmetries have yielded the multipolarities of the primaries which have allowed J{sup {pi}} assignments of the {sup 194}Pb SD states to be unambiguously determined for the first time without a priori assumptions about the character of SD bands. A study performed in parallel to this work using the EUROGAM-II array reports similar, but somewhat less extensive, results.

  11. Background of Existence of the Two Low-Lying Adjacent 4+ Narrow Resonances in 16O Nucleus and Other 4-Boson Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BAO Cheng-Guang

    2001-01-01

    Based on an analysis of the inherent nodal structures of wavefunctions of 4-boson systems, we found that the internal energy of the 41+ state should be lower because its structure can be optimized without suffering a strong constraint arising from symmetry (while other 1≤L≤3 states suffer from this kind of constraint). Furthermore,two superior structures favourable in binding are found to be allowed to be possessed by 4+ states. These findings would lead to the appearance of two adjacent 4+ states, as a common feature, in the low-lying spectra of 4-boson systems.

  12. Study of the γ decay of high-lying states in 208Pb via inelastic scattering of 17O ions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crespi F.C.L.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A measurement of the high-lying states in 208Pb has been made using 17O beams at 20 MeV/u. The gamma decay following inelastic excitation was measured with the detector system AGATA Demonstrator based on segmented HPGe detectors, coupled to an array of large volume LaBr3:Ce scintillators and to an array of Si detectors. Preliminary results in comparison with (γ,γ’ data, for states in the 5-8 MeV energy interval, are presented.

  13. Study of the γ decay of high-lying states in 208Pb via inelastic scattering of 17O ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crespi, F. C. L.; Kmiecik, M.; Bracco, A.; Leoni, S.; Maj, A.; Benzoni, G.; Blasi, N.; Boiano, C.; Bottoni, S.; Brambilla, S.; Camera, F.; Ceruti, S.; Giaz, A.; Million, B.; Morales, A. I.; Nicolini, R.; Pellegri, L.; Riboldi, S.; Vandone, V.; Wieland, O.; Bednarczyk, P.; Ciemala, M.; Grebosz, J.; Krzysiek, M.; Mazurek, K.; Zieblinski, M.; Bazzacco, D.; Bellato, M.; Birkenbach, B.; Bortolato, D.; Calore, E.; De Angelis, G.; Farnea, E.; Gadea, A.; Görgen, A.; Gottardo, A.; Isocrate, R.; Lenzi, S.; Lunardi, S.; Mengoni, D.; Michelagnoli, C.; Molini, P.; Napoli, D. R.; Recchia, F.; Sahin, E.; Siebeck, B.; Siem, S.; Ur, C.; Valiente Dobon, J. J.

    2014-03-01

    A measurement of the high-lying states in 208Pb has been made using 17O beams at 20 MeV/u. The gamma decay following inelastic excitation was measured with the detector system AGATA Demonstrator based on segmented HPGe detectors, coupled to an array of large volume LaBr3:Ce scintillators and to an array of Si detectors. Preliminary results in comparison with (γ,γ') data, for states in the 5-8 MeV energy interval, are presented.

  14. Sp ectroscopy of Low-lying States in Odd-Z Odd-A Nuclei Beyond Lead

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    U Jakobsson; S Juutinen; A Herzan; J Konki; M Leino; M Mallaburn; J Pakarinen; P Papadakis; J Partanen; P Rahkila; M Sandzelius; J Uusitalo; J Saren; C Scholey; J Sorri; S Stolze; K Auranen; H Badran; B Cederwall; D M Cox; T Grahn; P T Greenlees; R Julin

    2016-01-01

    Low-lying states in odd-Z odd-mass nuclei at the proton drip-line beyond lead have recently been studied through fusion-evaporation reactions using a gas-filled recoil separator. Isomeric 1/2+ and 13/2+ states have been observed in odd-mass astatine and francium nuclei. The systematic behaviour of the level energies of these states have been studied and a similarity between the 1/2+ state in astatine and francium has been found. Furthermore, the 13/2+ state has been observed in the francium nuclei with an oblate behaviour suggesting a coupling of the i13/2 proton to the 2p−2h intruder excitation.

  15. Charge-resonance excitations in symmetric molecules - Comparison of linear response DFT with CC3 for the excited states of a model dimer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhlman, Thomas Scheby; Mikkelsen, Kurt V.; Møller, Klaus Braagaard;

    2009-01-01

    We present a study on the excited states of an ethylene dimer as to investigate the presence of and perturbation from low-lying charge-resonance states calculated by linear response density functional theory (DFT) using the B3LYP and CAM-B3LYP functionals. The calculations are compared to a refer......We present a study on the excited states of an ethylene dimer as to investigate the presence of and perturbation from low-lying charge-resonance states calculated by linear response density functional theory (DFT) using the B3LYP and CAM-B3LYP functionals. The calculations are compared...

  16. An SCF and MCSCF description of the low-lying states of MgO. [Configuration State Functions Multiconfiguration Self Consistent Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauschlicher, C. W., Jr.; Silver, D. M.; Yarkony, D. R.

    1980-01-01

    The paper presents the multiconfiguration-self-consistent (MCSCF) and configuration state functions (CSF) for the low-lying electronic states of MgO. It was shown that simple description of these states was possible provided the 1 Sigma(+) states are individually optimized at the MCSCF level, noting that the 1(3 Sigma)(+) and 2(1 Sigma)(+) states which nominally result from the same electron occupation are separated energetically. The molecular orbitals obtained at this level of approximation should provide a useful starting point for extended configuration interaction calculations since they have been optimized for the particular states of interest.

  17. An SCF and MCSCF description of the low-lying states of MgO. [Configuration State Functions Multiconfiguration Self Consistent Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauschlicher, C. W., Jr.; Silver, D. M.; Yarkony, D. R.

    1980-01-01

    The paper presents the multiconfiguration-self-consistent (MCSCF) and configuration state functions (CSF) for the low-lying electronic states of MgO. It was shown that simple description of these states was possible provided the 1 Sigma(+) states are individually optimized at the MCSCF level, noting that the 1(3 Sigma)(+) and 2(1 Sigma)(+) states which nominally result from the same electron occupation are separated energetically. The molecular orbitals obtained at this level of approximation should provide a useful starting point for extended configuration interaction calculations since they have been optimized for the particular states of interest.

  18. Electron impact excitation and assignment of the low-lying electronic states of N2O

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, R. I.; Chutjian, A.; Trajmar, S.

    1973-01-01

    Electron scattering spectra of nitrous oxide are reported in the 5- to 10-eV energy-loss range at scattering angles of 20, 30, 90, and 130 deg at a residual energy of 7.0 eV; and at residual energies of 10.0, 2.0, 1.0, 0.6, and 0.2 eV at a scattering angle of 90 deg. Several new distinct and overlapping continua are observed to lie in this energy-loss range. The experimental spectra are discussed in the light of semiempirical INDO calculations of Chutjian and Segal (1972) of the vertical transition energies of N2O. An assignment of the symmetries of the observed excitations consistent with the experimental and theoretical data is suggested.

  19. Electron-impact excitation of the low-lying electronic states of HCN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chutjian, A.; Tanaka, H.; Srivastava, S. K.; Wicke, B. G.

    1977-01-01

    The first study of the low-energy electron-impact excitation of low-lying electronic transitions in the HCN molecule is reported. Measurements were made at incident electron energies of 11.6 and 21.6 eV in the energy-loss range of 3-10 eV, and at scattering angles of 20-130 deg. Inelastic scattering spectra were placed on the absolute cross-section scale by determining first the ratio of inelastic-to-elastic scattering cross sections, and then separately measuring the absolute elastic scattering cross section. Several new electronic transitions are observed which are intrinsically overlapped in the molecule itself. Assignments of these electronic transitions are suggested. These assignments are based on present spectroscopic and cross-sections measurements, high-energy electron scattering spectra, optical absorption spectra, and ab initio molecular orbital calculations.

  20. Low-lying electronic states of M(3)O(9)(-) and M(3)O(9)(2-) (M = Mo, W).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Shenggang; Dixon, David A

    2007-11-01

    Multiple low-lying electronic states of M(3)O(9)(-) and M(3)O(9)(2-) (M = Mo, W) arise from the occupation of the near-degenerate low-lying virtual orbitals in the neutral clusters. We used density functional theory (DFT) and coupled cluster theory (CCSD(T)) with correlation consistent basis sets to study the structures and energetics of the electronic states of these anions. The adiabatic and vertical electron detachment energies (ADEs and VDEs) of the anionic clusters were calculated with 27 exchange-correlation functionals including one local spin density approximation functional, 13 generalized gradient approximation (GGA) functionals, and 13 hybrid GGA functionals, as well as the CCSD(T) method. For M(3)O(9)(-), CCSD(T) and nearly all of the DFT exchange-correlation functionals studied predict the (2)A(1) state arising from the Jahn-Teller distortion due to singly occupying the degenerate e' orbital to be lower in energy than the (2)A(1)' state arising from singly occupying the nondegenerate a(1)' orbital. For W(3)O(9)(-), the (2)A(1) state was predicted to have essentially the same energy as the (2)A(1)' state at the CCSD(T) level with core-valence correlation corrections included and to be higher in energy or essentially isoenergetic with most DFT methods. The calculated VDEs from the CCSD(T) method are in reasonable agreement with the experimental values for both electronic states if estimates for the corrections due to basis set incompleteness are included. For M(3)O(9)(2-), the singlet state arising from doubly occupying the nondegenerate a(1)' orbital was predicted to be the most stable state for both M = Mo and W. However, whereas M(3)O(9)(2-) was predicted to be less stable than M(3)O(9)(-), W(3)O(9)(2-) was predicted to be more stable than W(3)O(9)(-).

  1. Theoretical spectroscopy study of the low-lying electronic states of UX and UX+, X = F and Cl

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bross, David H.; Peterson, Kirk A.

    2015-11-01

    Spectroscopic constants (Te, re, B0, ωe, and ωexe) have been calculated for the low-lying electronic states of UF, UF+, UCl, and UCl+ using complete active space 2nd-order perturbation theory (CASPT2), with a series of correlation consistent basis sets. The latter included those based on both pseudopotential (PP) and all-electron Douglas-Kroll-Hess Hamiltonians for the U atom. Spin orbit (SO) effects were included a posteriori using the state interacting method using both PP and Breit Pauli (BP) operators, as well as from exact two-component methods for U+ and UF+. Complete basis set (CBS) limits were obtained by extrapolation where possible and the PP and BP calculations were compared at their respective CBS limits. The PP-based method was shown to be reliable in calculating spectroscopic constants, in particular when using the state interacting method with CASPT2 energies (SO-CASPT2). The two component calculations were limited by computational resources and could not include electron correlation from the nominally closed shell 6s and 6p orbitals of U. UF and UCl were both calculated to have Ω = 9/2 ground states. The first excited state of UCl was calculated to be an Ω = 7/2 state at 78 cm-1 as opposed to the same state at 435 cm-1 in UF, and the other low-lying states of UCl showed a similar compression relative to UF. Likewise, UF+ and UCl+ both have Ω = 4 ground states and the manifold of low-lying excited Ω = 3, 2, 1, 0 states was energetically closer together in UCl+ than in UF+, ranging up to 776 cm-1 in UF+ and only 438 cm-1 in UCl+. As in previous studies, the final PP-based SO-CASPT2 results for UF+ and UF agree well with experiment and are expected to be predictive for UCl and UCl+, which are reported here for the first time.

  2. Theoretical spectroscopy study of the low-lying electronic states of UX and UX(+), X = F and Cl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bross, David H; Peterson, Kirk A

    2015-11-14

    Spectroscopic constants (Te, re, B0, ωe, and ωexe) have been calculated for the low-lying electronic states of UF, UF(+), UCl, and UCl(+) using complete active space 2nd-order perturbation theory (CASPT2), with a series of correlation consistent basis sets. The latter included those based on both pseudopotential (PP) and all-electron Douglas-Kroll-Hess Hamiltonians for the U atom. Spin orbit (SO) effects were included a posteriori using the state interacting method using both PP and Breit Pauli (BP) operators, as well as from exact two-component methods for U(+) and UF(+). Complete basis set (CBS) limits were obtained by extrapolation where possible and the PP and BP calculations were compared at their respective CBS limits. The PP-based method was shown to be reliable in calculating spectroscopic constants, in particular when using the state interacting method with CASPT2 energies (SO-CASPT2). The two component calculations were limited by computational resources and could not include electron correlation from the nominally closed shell 6s and 6p orbitals of U. UF and UCl were both calculated to have Ω = 9/2 ground states. The first excited state of UCl was calculated to be an Ω = 7/2 state at 78 cm(-1) as opposed to the same state at 435 cm(-1) in UF, and the other low-lying states of UCl showed a similar compression relative to UF. Likewise, UF(+) and UCl(+) both have Ω = 4 ground states and the manifold of low-lying excited Ω = 3, 2, 1, 0 states was energetically closer together in UCl(+) than in UF(+), ranging up to 776 cm(-1) in UF(+) and only 438 cm(-1) in UCl(+). As in previous studies, the final PP-based SO-CASPT2 results for UF(+) and UF agree well with experiment and are expected to be predictive for UCl and UCl(+), which are reported here for the first time.

  3. Theoretical spectroscopy study of the low-lying electronic states of UX and UX{sup +}, X = F and Cl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bross, David H.; Peterson, Kirk A., E-mail: kipeters@wsu.edu [Department of Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164-4630 (United States)

    2015-11-14

    Spectroscopic constants (T{sub e}, r{sub e}, B{sub 0}, ω{sub e}, and ω{sub e}x{sub e}) have been calculated for the low-lying electronic states of UF, UF{sup +}, UCl, and UCl{sup +} using complete active space 2nd-order perturbation theory (CASPT2), with a series of correlation consistent basis sets. The latter included those based on both pseudopotential (PP) and all-electron Douglas-Kroll-Hess Hamiltonians for the U atom. Spin orbit (SO) effects were included a posteriori using the state interacting method using both PP and Breit Pauli (BP) operators, as well as from exact two-component methods for U{sup +} and UF{sup +}. Complete basis set (CBS) limits were obtained by extrapolation where possible and the PP and BP calculations were compared at their respective CBS limits. The PP-based method was shown to be reliable in calculating spectroscopic constants, in particular when using the state interacting method with CASPT2 energies (SO-CASPT2). The two component calculations were limited by computational resources and could not include electron correlation from the nominally closed shell 6s and 6p orbitals of U. UF and UCl were both calculated to have Ω = 9/2 ground states. The first excited state of UCl was calculated to be an Ω = 7/2 state at 78 cm{sup −1} as opposed to the same state at 435 cm{sup −1} in UF, and the other low-lying states of UCl showed a similar compression relative to UF. Likewise, UF{sup +} and UCl{sup +} both have Ω = 4 ground states and the manifold of low-lying excited Ω = 3, 2, 1, 0 states was energetically closer together in UCl{sup +} than in UF{sup +}, ranging up to 776 cm{sup −1} in UF{sup +} and only 438 cm{sup −1} in UCl{sup +}. As in previous studies, the final PP-based SO-CASPT2 results for UF{sup +} and UF agree well with experiment and are expected to be predictive for UCl and UCl{sup +}, which are reported here for the first time.

  4. A comparative study of ultrasonography versus magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of abnormally adherent low lying placenta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd. Ashraf

    2016-05-01

    Conclusions: Prenatal diagnosis is a key factor in optimizing the counseling, treatment and outcome of patients with placental adhesive disorder. Any women with placenta previa and previous uterine surgery should undergo careful imaging to assess the presence of placental adhesive disorder. Magnetic resonance imaging appears better diagnostic aid as compared to ultrasonography in diagnosing placental adhesive disorder. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(5.000: 1428-1432

  5. Dissociation potential curves of low-lying states in transition metal hydrides. 3. Hydrides of groups 6 and 7.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koseki, Shiro; Matsushita, Takeshi; Gordon, Mark S

    2006-02-23

    The dissociation curves of low-lying spin-mixed states in monohydrides of groups 6 and 7 were calculated by using an effective core potential (ECP) approach. This approach is based on the multiconfiguration self-consistent field (MCSCF) method, followed by first-order configuration interaction (FOCI) calculations, in which the method employs an ECP basis set proposed by Stevens and co-workers (SBKJC) augmented by a set of polarization functions. Spin-orbit coupling (SOC) effects are estimated within the one-electron approximation by using effective nuclear charges, since SOC splittings obtained with the full Breit-Pauli Hamitonian are underestimated when ECP basis sets are used. The ground states of group 6 hydrides have Omega = (1)/(2)(X(6)Sigma(+)(1/2)), where Omega is the z component of the total angular momentum quantum number. Although the ground states of group 7 hydrides have Omega = 0(+), their main adiabatic components are different; the ground state in MnH originates from the lowest (7)Sigma(+), while in TcH and ReH the main component of the ground state is the lowest (5)Sigma(+). The present paper reports a comprehensive set of theoretical results including the dissociation energies, equilibrium distances, electronic transition energies, harmonic frequencies, anharmonicities, and rotational constants for several low-lying spin-mixed states in these hydrides. Transition dipole moments were also computed among the spin-mixed states and large peak positions of electronic transitions are suggested theoretically for these hydrides. The periodic trends of physical properties of metal hydrides are discussed, based on the results reported in this and other recent studies.

  6. LHC vector resonance searches in the $t\\bar{t} Z$ final state

    CERN Document Server

    Backović, Mihailo; Jain, Bithika; Lee, Seung J

    2016-01-01

    LHC searches for BSM resonances in $l^+ l^-, \\, jj, \\, t\\bar{t}, \\gamma \\gamma$ and $VV$ final states have so far not resulted in discovery of new physics. Current results set lower limits on mass scales of new physics resonances well into the $\\mathcal{O}(1)$ TeV range, assuming that the new resonance decays dominantly to a pair of Standard Model particles. While the SM pair searches are a vital probe of possible new physics, it is important to re-examine the scope of new physics scenarios probed with such final states. Scenarios where new resonances decay dominantly to final states other than SM pairs, even though well theoretically motivated, lie beyond the scope of SM pair searches. In this paper we argue that LHC searches for (vector) resonances beyond two particle final states would be useful complementary probes of new physics scenarios. As an example, we consider a class of composite Higgs models, and identify specific model parameter points where the color singlet, electrically neutral vector resonan...

  7. Three-Dimensional Angular Momentum Projected Relativistic Point-Coupling Approach for Low-Lying Excited States in 24Mg

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yao Jiang-Ming; Meng Jie; D. Pena Arteaga; P. Ring

    2008-01-01

    A full three-dimensional angular momentum projection on top of a triaxial relativistic mean-field calculation is implemented for the first time. The underlying Lagrangian is a point coupling model and pairing correlations are taken into account by a monopole force. This method is applied for the low-lying excited states in 24Mg. Good agreement with the experimental data is found for the ground state properties. A minimum in the potential energy surface for the 2+ state, with β≈ 0.55, γ≈ 10°, is used as the basis to investigate the rotational energyspectrum as well as the corresponding B(E2) transition probabilities as compared to the available data.

  8. The low-lying 2-sigma-minus states of OH

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Dishoeck, E. F.; Langhoff, S. R.; Dalgarno, A.

    1983-01-01

    The configuration-interaction method is used to determine the electronic wave functions of the two lowest 2-sigma-minus states of OH using four different atomic orbital basis sets. Potential energy curves, transition moments, oscillator strengths, and photodissociation cross sections are obtained. Electronic transition dipole moments connecting the excited 1 2-sigma-minus and 2(D)2-sigma-minus states with each other and with the ground chi-2-pi state are presented as functions of internuclear distance. The theoretical absorption oscillator strengths for the D-2-sigma-minus(v prime = 0) from chi-2-pi(v double prime = 0) transition are in good agreement with the empirical value derived from astronomical measurement. The photodissociation cross sections for absorption from the v prime = 0, 1, and 2 levels of the ground state into the continuum of the 1 2-sigma-minus state are calculated, and the interstellar and cometary photodissociation rates are derived.

  9. Triplet State Resonance Raman Spectrum of all-trans-diphenylbutadiene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilbrandt, Robert Walter; Grossman, W.E.L.; Killough, P.M

    1984-01-01

    The resonance Raman spectrum of all-trans-diphenylbutadiene (DPB) in its ground state and the resonance Raman spectrum (RRS) of DPB in its short-lived electronically excited triplet state are reported. Transient spectra were obtained by a pump-probe technique using two pulsed lasers...

  10. Lifetimes and collectivity of low-lying states in 115Sn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lobach, Yu. N.; Käubler, L.; Schwengner, R.; Pasternak, A. A.

    1999-04-01

    The lifetimes of excited states in 115Sn have been measured using the Doppler shift attenuation method in the reaction 113Cd(α,2nγ) at Eα=27.2 MeV. Lifetimes were obtained for 18 states and lifetime limits for 6 states with Ex<=4 MeV and J<=23/2. The experimentally obtained B(σL) values for transitions deexciting positive-parity states are compared with calculations in the framework of the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer quasiparticle model and the interacting boson fermion model, whereas the values for transitions between negative-parity states are discussed qualitatively within a core-particle coupling picture. The value of B(E2)=3.5(11) Weisskopf units (W.u.) for the transition linking the 19/2- state of the intruder νh11/2π2p2h band to the 15/2- state of the νh11/2⊗2+1 multiplet strongly supports the configuration νh11/2π(g-29/2g27/2) ascribed to this band.

  11. Alpha clustering in $^{28}$Si probed through the identification of high-lying $0^+$ states

    CERN Document Server

    Adsley, P; Cseh, J; Dimitriova, S S; Brummer, J W; Li, K C W; Marin-Lambarri, D J; Lukyanov, K; Kheswa, N Y; Neveling, R; Papka, P; Pellegri, L; Pesudo, V; Pool, L C; Riczu, G; Smit, F D; van Zyl, J J; Zemlyanaya, E

    2016-01-01

    Aspects of nuclear structure in alpha-conjugate nuclei have long been associated with alpha clustering, including the existence of superdeformed bands. In this paper, an alpha-particle inelastic scattering experiment investigating the location of $0^+$ states in $^{28}$Si is reported in an attempt to locate possible cluster states. The results are compared to a semi-microscopic model which shows good agreement with the data, and supports the assignment of a newly discovered $0^+$ state as the band-head of a previously observed superdeformed band in $^{28}$Si

  12. Lifetime measurements of high-lying short lived states in {sup 69}As

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matejska-Minda, M.; Bednarczyk, P.; Fornal, B.; Ciemala, M.; Kmiecik, M.; Krzysiek, M.; Maj, A.; Meczynski, W.; Myalski, S.; Styczen, J.; Zieblinski, M.; Angelis, G. de; Huyuk, T.; Michelagnoli, C.; Sahin, E.; Aydin, S.; Farnea, E.; Menegazzo, R.; Recchia, F.; Ur, C. A. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow (Poland); INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Legnaro (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e INFN Padova (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e INFN Milano (Italy); Heavy Ion Laboratory, University of Warsaw (Poland); University of York (United Kingdom); and others

    2012-10-20

    Lifetimes of high-spin states in {sup 69}As have been measured using Doppler shift attenuation technique with the GASP and RFD setup. The determined transition probabilities indicate large deformation associated with some rotational bands in this nucleus.

  13. Low lying excited states of $^{24}$O investigated by self-consistent microscopic description of proton inelastic scattering

    CERN Document Server

    Mizuyama, Kazuhito

    2013-01-01

    The proton inelastic scattering of $^{24}$O($p,p'$) at 62 MeV/nucleon is described by a self-consistent microscopic calculation with the continuum particle-vibration coupling (cPVC) method. The SLy5, SkM*, and SGII parameters are adopted as an effective nucleon-nucleon interaction. For all the parameters, the cPVC calculation reproduces very well the first peak at 4.65 MeV in the $^{24}$O excitation energy spectrum as well as its angular distribution. The role of the cPVC self-energy strongly depends on the effective interactions. The higher-lying strength around 7.3 MeV is suggested to be a superposition of the $3^-$ and $4^+$ states by the results with SLy5 and SGII, whereas the SkM* calculation indicates it is a pure $3^-$ state. This difference gives a rather strong interaction dependence of the angular distribution corresponding to the higher-lying strength.

  14. Three-body structure of low-lying {sup 18}Ne states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lay, J.A. [Universidad de Sevilla, Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Sevilla (Spain); Fedorov, D.V.; Jensen, A.S. [Aarhus University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus C (Denmark); Garrido, E.; Romero-Redondo, C. [CSIC, Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, Madrid (Spain)

    2010-05-15

    We investigate to what extent {sup 18}Ne can be descibed as a three-body system made of an inert {sup 16}O core and two protons. We compare to experimental data and occasionally to shell model results. We obtain three-body wave functions with the hyperspherical adiabatic expansion method. We study the spectrum of {sup 18}Ne, the structure of the different states and the predominant transition strengths. Two 0{sup +}, two 2{sup +}, and one 4{sup +} bound states are found where they are all known experimentally. Also one 3{sup +} close to threshold is found and several negative-parity states, 1{sup -}, 3{sup -}, 0{sup -}, 2{sup -}, most of them bound with respect to the {sup 16}O excited 3{sup -} state. The structures are extracted as partial-wave components, as spatial sizes of matter and charge, and as probability distributions. Electromagnetic decay rates are calculated for these states. The dominating decay mode for the bound states is E2 and occasionally also M1. (orig.)

  15. Spectroscopic Parameter and Molecular Constant Investigations on Low-Lying States of BeF Radical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin Feng Sun

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The potential energy curves (PECs of X2Σ+, A2Πr and B2Σ+ states of BeF radical have been investigated using the complete active space self-consistent-field (CASSCF method, followed by the highly accurate valence internally contracted multireference configuration interaction (MRCI approach at the correlation-consistent basis sets, cc-pV5Z for Be and aug-cc-pV6Z for F. Based on the PECs of X2Σ+, A2Πr and B2Σ+ states, the spectroscopic parameters (De, Re, ωe, ωeχe, αe and Be have also been determined in the present work. With the PECs determined at the present level of theory, vibrational states have been predicted for each state when the rotational quantum number J equals zero (J = 0. The vibrational levels, inertial rotation and centrifugal distortion constants are determined for the three states, and the classical turning points are also calculated for the X2Σ+ state. Compared with the available experiments and other theories, it can be seen that the present spectroscopic parameter and molecular constant results are more fully in agreement with the experimental findings.

  16. Exclusive single pion electroproduction off the proton in the high-lying resonances at Q2 < 5 GeV2 from CLAS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Kijun [ODU, JLAB

    2014-09-01

    The differential cross sections and structure functions for the exclusive electroproduction process ep --> e'n pi+ were measured in the range of the invariantmass for the np+ system 1.6 GeV lte W lte 2.0 GeV, and the photon virtuality 1.8 GeV2 lte Q2 lte 4.0 GeV2 using CLAS at Jefferson Lab. For the first time, these kinematics are probed in the exclusive p+ production from the protons with nearly full coverage in the azimuthal and polar angles of the np+ center-of-mass system. In this analysis, approximately 39,000 differential cross-section data points in terms of W, Q2, cosq theta* _ pi, and phi*_p-, were obtained. The preliminary differential cross section and structure function analyses are carried out, which allow us to extract the helicity amplitudes in high-lying resonances.

  17. The Low-Lying States of AlCu and AlAg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Langhoff, Stephen R.; Partridge, Harry

    1994-01-01

    The singlet and triplet states of AlCu and AlAg below about 32 000/cm are studied using the internally contracted multireference configuration-interaction method. A more elaborate study of the X(sup 1)Sum(sup +) ground state of AlCu is undertaken using extended Gaussian basis sets, including the effect of inner-shell correlation and including a perturbational estimate of relativistic effects. Our best estimate of the spectroscopic constants (r(sub 0), DeltaG(sub 1/2), and D(sub 0)) for the X(sup 1)Sum(sup+) state with the experimental values in parentheses are: 4.416(4.420) a(sub 0), 295 (294) /cm, and 2.318 (2.315) eV. The calculations definitively assign the upper state in the observed transition at 14 892/cm to the lowest (sup 1)Prod state. The calculated spectroscopic constants and radiative lifetime for the (sup 1)Prod state are in good agreement with experiment. The calculations support the tentative assignments of Behm et al. for three band systems observed in the visible region between 25 000 and 28 000 / cm. However, the computed spectroscopic constants are in very poor agreement with those deduced from an analysis of the spectra. Analogous theoretical results for AlAg suggest that the (2)(sup 3)Prod, (3)(sup 3)Prod, and (3)(sup 1)Sum(sup +) states account for the bands observed, but not assigned, by Duncan and co-workers.

  18. The structure of low-lying states in ${}^{140}$Sm studied by Coulomb excitation

    CERN Document Server

    Klintefjord, M.; Görgen, A.; Bauer, C.; Bello Garrote, F.L.; Bönig, S.; Bounthong, B.; Damyanova, A.; Delaroche, J.P.; Fedosseev, V.; Fink, D.A.; Giacoppo, F.; Girod, M.; Hoff, P.; Imai, N.; Korten, W.; Larsen, A.C.; Libert, J.; Lutter, R.; Marsh, B.A.; Molkanov, P.L.; Naïdja, H.; Napiorkowski, P.; Nowacki, F.; Pakarinen, J.; Rapisarda, E.; Reiter, P.; Renstrøm, T.; Rothe, S.; Seliverstov, M.D.; Siebeck, B.; Siem, S.; Srebrny, J.; Stora, T.; Thöle, P.; Tornyi, T.G.; Tveten, G.M.; Van Duppen, P.; Vermeulen, M.J.; Voulot, D.; Warr, N.; Wenander, F.; De Witte, H.; Zielińska, M.

    2016-05-02

    The electromagnetic structure of $^{140}$Sm was studied in a low-energy Coulomb excitation experiment with a radioactive ion beam from the REX-ISOLDE facility at CERN. The $2^+$ and $4^+$ states of the ground-state band and a second $2^+$ state were populated by multi-step excitation. The analysis of the differential Coulomb excitation cross sections yielded reduced transition probabilities between all observed states and the spectroscopic quadrupole moment for the $2_1^+$ state. The experimental results are compared to large-scale shell model calculations and beyond-mean-field calculations based on the Gogny D1S interaction with a five-dimensional collective Hamiltonian formalism. Simpler geometric and algebraic models are also employed to interpret the experimental data. The results indicate that $^{140}$Sm shows considerable $\\gamma$ softness, but in contrast to earlier speculation no signs of shape coexistence at low excitation energy. This work sheds more light on the onset of deformation and collectivit...

  19. Energy of the low-lying bound S-states of exotic two-muon three-body systems

    CERN Document Server

    Khan, Md Abdul

    2014-01-01

    Energies of the low-lying bound S-states (L=0) of exotic three-body systems, consisting a nuclear core of charge +Ze (Z being atomic number of the core) and two negatively charged valence muons, have been calculated by hyperspherical harmonics expansion method (HHEM). The three-body Schr\\H{o}dinger equation is solved assuming purely Coulomb interaction among the binary pairs of the three-body systems X$^{Z+}\\mu^-\\mu^-$ for Z=1 to 54. Convergence pattern of the energies have been checked with respect to the increasing number of partial waves $K_{max}$. For available computer facilities, calculations are feasible up to $K_{max}=28$ partial waves, however, calculation for still higher partial waves have been achieved through an appropriate extrapolation scheme. The dependence of bound state energies has been checked against increasing nuclear charge Z and finally, the calculated energies have been compared with the ones of the literature.

  20. Accidental Degeneracy and Berry Phase of Resonant States

    CERN Document Server

    Mondragón, A

    1997-01-01

    We study the complex geometric phase acquired by the resonant states of an open quantum system which evolves irreversibly in a slowly time dependent environment. In analogy with the case of bound states, the Berry phase factors of resonant states are holonomy group elements of a complex line bundle with structure group C*. In sharp contrast with bound states, accidental degeneracies of resonances produce a continuous closed line of singularities formally equivalent to a continuous distribution of "magnetic" charge on a "diabolical" circle, in consequence, we find different classes of topologically inequivalent non-trivial closed paths in parameter space.

  1. Unnatural parity resonance states in positron-excited hydrogen scattering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ma Jia; Zhou Ya-Jun; Wang Yuan-Cheng

    2012-01-01

    The coupled-channels optical method for positron scattering has been applied to investigate resonance states with unnatural parities in a positron-excited hydrogen system.The positronium formation channels and continuum channel are included via a complex equivalent local potential.Resonance states with angular momenta L =1 to L =2 and parities (-1)L+1 are calculated.Resonance energies and widths are reported and compared with other theoretical calculations.We found that the opening positronium formation channels play an important role in forming nondipole Feshbach resonances.

  2. Theoretical study of the low-lying bound states of O2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Partridge, Harry; Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Langhoff, Stephen R.; Taylor, Peter R.

    1991-01-01

    It is demonstrated that a complete-active-space self-consistent-field (CASSCF) (2p)/MRCI + Q (multireference configuration interaction with a Davidson correction) description in a (13s8p6d 4f2g)/((5s4p3d 2f1g) atomic natural orbits (ANO) basis set supplemented with diffuse functions provides a quantitative description of the six lowest states of O2. The calculated potentials are within 0.05 eV (1.2 kilocal/mol) of accurate experimental results. The importance of substantially expanding the primitive basis set has been investigated, and it is demonstrated that such expansions yield insignificant improvement in the spectroscopic constants. Potential energy curves have also been reported for the weakly bound states of O2. The 5Pi(g) state is estimated to have a D(e) of 0.16 +/- 0.03 eV. The upper bound of D(e) is found to be sufficiently large that the importance of this state as a precursor for the formation of O2 (b 1Sigma(t)(+)) and O(1S) should be reconsidered.

  3. Neutron to proton mass difference, parton distribution functions and baryon resonances from dynamics on the Lie group u(3)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trinhammer, Ole

    PiMinus invariant mass in B decays. We give a controversial prediction of the relative neutron to proton mass difference 0.138 % as originating in period doublings of certain parametric states. The group space dynamics communicates with real space via the exterior derivative which projects out quark and gluon...... fields from the allospatial state. The allostate in turn is excited from space by the momentum operators which act as toroidal generators on the group manifold. Such generators can be used to trace out parton distribution functions and examples are shown to mimic the valence quark content of the proton....

  4. Lifetime measurement of the low lying yrast states in 189Pt

    CERN Document Server

    Chuang-Ye, He; Jin-Long, Wang; Yi-Heng, Wu; Yun, Zheng; Guang-Sheng, Li; Cong-Bo, Li; Shi-Peng, Hu; Hong-Wei, Li; Jia-Jian, Liu; Peng-Wei, Luo; Shun-He, Yao

    2013-01-01

    Lifetimes of the positive-parity yrast band in 189Pt were measured using the recoil distance Doppler-shift method. A HPGe detector array consisting of 13 detectors was used in conjunction with the plunger device in CIAE. Excited states of 189Pt were populated by the 176Yb (18O, 5n) 189Pt fusion-evaporation reaction at a beam energy 87 MeV. The lifetimes of two levels belonging to the yrast band are measured. The results show that the 17/2+ state in the yrast band has large Qt value, but it deceases quickly with spin increasing. It may be contributed from the shape driving effect of the quasi-neutron from the i13/2 oribital.

  5. Dynamic resonant frequency control of ultrasonic transducer for stabilizing resonant state in wide frequency band

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yokozawa, Hiroki; Twiefel, Jens; Weinstein, Michael; Morita, Takeshi

    2017-07-01

    Controlling the resonant frequency of ultrasonic transducers is important to achieve the excellent performance of ultrasonic devices. The resonant frequency can be shifted by a nonlinear effect or by increasing the temperature under high-power operation. We propose a resonant frequency control method during the transducer’s operation that enables the dynamic compensation of resonant frequency shifts. To realize this, a transducer with passive piezoelectric parts was fabricated. By controlling the electric boundary condition of the passive piezoelectric parts between short and open by utilizing a metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET), the stiffness was changed, thus modifying the resonant frequency. In both simulation and experiment, the resonant frequency was modified successfully by controlling the switching duty ratio of the MOSFET. Additionally, a system for exciting a transducer at a resonant state with a wide frequency band was demonstrated.

  6. Low-lying singlet states of carotenoids having 8-13 conjugated double bonds as determined by electronic absorption spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Peng; Nakamura, Ryosuke; Kanematsu, Yasuo; Koyama, Yasushi; Nagae, Hiroyoshi; Nishio, Tomohiro; Hashimoto, Hideki; Zhang, Jian-Ping

    2005-07-01

    Electronic absorption spectra were recorded at room temperature in solutions of carotenoids having different numbers of conjugated double bonds, n = 8-13, including a spheroidene derivatives, neurosporene, spheroidene, lycopene, anhydrorhodovibrin and spirilloxanthin. The vibronic states of 1Bu+(v=0-4), 2Ag-(v=0-3), 3Ag- (0) and 1Bu- (0) were clearly identified. The arrangement of the four electronic states determined by electronic absorption spectroscopy was identical to that determined by measurement of resonance Raman excitation profiles [K. Furuichi et al., Chem. Phys. Lett. 356 (2002) 547] for carotenoids in crystals.

  7. An Accurate Calculation of Potential Energy Curves and Transition Dipole Moment for Low-Lying Electronic States of CO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Peng-Fei; YAN Lei; YU Zhong-Yuan; GAO Yu-Feng; GAO Tao

    2013-01-01

    In this paper,potential energy curves for the X1∑+,a3∏,a'3∑+,d3△,A1∏ and I1∑-states of CO have been calculated using complete active space self-consistent field and multi-reference configuration interaction methods.The calculations have been performed at 108 nuclear separations from 0.7 to 4.0 (A) by the aug-cc-PV5Z basis set.Spectroscopic constants for the six low-lying electronic states are found in good agreement with experimental data.The vibrational states of the X1∑+ and A1∏ states are also calculated,which are reliable and accurate by comparison with the experimental data and the other theoretical values.The transition dipole moment (TDM) shows that the TDM of the two states (X1∑+ → A1∏) are reduced strongly with increase of bond length.

  8. Observation of a Novel Low-Lying Excited State in Zinc Complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-22

    Truesdell and G. A. Crosby * Prepared for Publication In The Journal of the American Chemical Society Washington State University Chemical Physics Program...spin signature has not yet been determined. 14 J J- I.F. ...r at.ion/___.. Ielt I, ty Codes Av-*l and/er This work supported in part by the Office of...REFERENCES (I) -Bray, R. G.; Ferguson, J.; Hawkins, C. J. Aust. J. Chem. 1969, 22, 2091. (2) Highland, R. G.; Crosby, G.A. Manuscript In preparation . (3

  9. Theoretical study on the low-lying excited states of the phosphorus monoiodide (PI) including the spin-orbit coupling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiaomei; Liu, Xiaoting; Liang, Guiying; Li, Rui; Xu, Haifeng; Yan, Bing

    2016-01-01

    The potential energy curves (PECs) of the 22 Λ-S states of the phosphorus monoiodide (PI) molecule have been calculated at the level of MRCI+Q method with correlation-consistent quadruple-ζ quality basis set. The spectroscopic constants of the bound states are determined, which well reproduce the available measurements. The metastable a1Δ state has been reported for the first time, which lies between the X3Σ- and b1Σ+ states and have much deeper well than the ground state. The R-dependent spin-orbit (SO) matrix elements are calculated with the full-electron Breit-Pauli operator. Based on the SO matrix elements, the perturbations that the 23Π state may suffer from are analyzed in detail. The SOC effect makes the original Λ-S states split into 51 Ω states. In the zero-field splitting of the ground state X3Σ-, the spin-spin coupling contribution (2.23 cm-1) is found to be much smaller compared to the spin-orbit coupling contribution (50 cm-1). The avoided crossings between the Ω states lead to much shallower potential wells and the change of dissociation relationships of the states. The Ω-state wavefunctions are analyzed depending on their Λ-S compositions, showing the strong interactions among several quasidegenerate Λ-S states of the same total SO symmetry. The transition properties including electric dipole (E1), magnetic dipole (M1), and electric quadrupole (E2) transition moments (TMs), the Franck-Condon factors, the transition probabilities and the radiative lifetimes are computed for the transitions between Ω components of a1Δ and b1Σ+ states and ground state. The transition probabilities induced by the E1, E2, and M1 transitions are evaluated. The E2 makes little effect on transition probabilities. In contrast, the E1 transition makes the main contribution to the transition probability and the M1 transition also brings the influence that cannot be neglected. Finally, the radiative lifetimes are determined with the transition moments including E

  10. Ground and low-lying excited electronic states of graphene flakes: a density functional theory study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tachikawa, Hiroto; Kawabata, Hiroshi, E-mail: hiroto@eng.hokudai.ac.jp [Division of Materials Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8628 (Japan)

    2011-10-28

    Structures and electronic states of graphene flakes (finite and small sized graphenes) have been investigated by means of the density functional theory method. Sizes of graphene flakes examined in this study were n = 7, 10, 14, 19, 29 and 44, where n is the number of benzene rings in the graphene flake. The excitation energies of graphene flakes decreased gradually as a function of the number of the ring (n). The orbitals of the highest occupied and lowest unoccupied molecular orbitals (HOMO and LUMO) are localized in the edge region of the graphene flake. It was found that the edge region can react with a water molecule and H{sub 2}O is dissociated into OH radical and hydrogen atom (H) without an activation barrier. A lithium ion can bind strongly to the edge region. The ability of the edge region in the graphene flakes was discussed on the basis of theoretical results.

  11. Baryon resonances as dynamically generated states in chiral dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Jido, Dasiuke

    2012-01-01

    We discuss baryon resonances which are dynamically generated in hadron dynamics based on chiral coupled channels approach. With the dynamical description of the baryon resonance, we discuss the origin of the resonance pole, finding that for the description of N(1535) some other components than meson and baryon are necessary. Since the chiral unitary model provides a microscopic description in terms of constituent hadrons, it is straightforward to calculate transition amplitudes and form factors of resonances without introducing further parameters. Finally we briefly discuss few-body nuclear kaonic systems as hadronic molecular states.

  12. Rotational Spectroscopy as a Tool to Investigate Interactions Between Vibrational Polyads in Symmetric Top Molecules: Low-Lying States v_8 ≤ 2 OF Methyl Cyanide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Holger S. P.; Ordu, Matthias H.; Lewen, Frank; Brown, Linda; Drouin, Brian; Pearson, John; Sung, Keeyoon; Kleiner, Isabelle; Sams, Robert

    2015-06-01

    Rotational and rovibrational spectra of methyl cyanide were recorded to analyze interactions in low-lying vibrational states and to construct line lists for radio astronomical observations as well as for infrared spectroscopic investigations of planetary atmospheres. The rotational spectra cover large portions of the 36-1627~GHz region. In the infrared (IR), a spectrum was recorded for this study in the region of 2ν_8 around 717~cm-1 with assignments covering 684-765~cm-1. Additional spectra in the ν _8 region were used to validate the analysis. Using ν _8 data as well as spectroscopic parameters for v_4 = 1, v_7 = 1, and v_8 = 3 from previous studies, we analyzed rotational data involving v = 0, v_8 = 1, and v_8 = 2 up to high J and K quantum numbers. We analyzed a strong Δ v_8 = ± 1, Δ K = 0, Δ l = ±3 Fermi resonance between v_8 = 1-1 and v_8 = 2+2 at K = 14 and obtained preliminary results for two further Fermi resonances between v_8 = 2 and 3. We also found resonant Δ v_8 = ± 1, Δ K = ∓ 2, Δ l = ± 1 interactions between v_8 = 1 and 2 and present the first detailed analysis of such a resonance between v_8 = 0 and 1. We discuss the impact of this analysis on the v_8 = 1 and 2 as well as on the axial v = 0 parameters and compare selected CH_3CN parameters with those of CH_3CCH and CH_3NC. We evaluated transition dipole moments of ν _8, 2ν _8 - ν _8, and 2ν _8 for remote sensing in the IR. Part of this work was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory under contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. M. Koivusaari et al., J. Mol. Spectrosc. 152 (1992) 377-388. A.-M. Tolonen et al., J. Mol. Spectrosc. 160 (1993) 554-565.

  13. Resonant-state expansion Born Approximation applied to Schrodinger's Equation

    CERN Document Server

    Doost, M B

    2015-01-01

    The RSE Born Approximation is a new scattering formula in Physics, it allows the calculation of strong scattering via the Fourier transform of the scattering potential and Resonant-states. In this paper I apply the RSE Born Approximation to Schr\\"odinger's Equation. The resonant-states of the system can be calculated using the recently discovered RSE perturbation theory and normalised correctly to appear in spectral Green's functions via the flux volume normalisation.

  14. Comparison of nuclear electric resonance and nuclear magnetic resonance in integer and fractional quantum Hall states

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toru Tomimatsu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Electric-field-induced nuclear resonance (NER: nuclear electric resonance involving quantum Hall states (QHSs was studied at various filling factors by exploiting changes in nuclear spins polarized at quantum Hall breakdown. Distinct from the magnetic dipole interaction in nuclear magnetic resonance, the interaction of the electric-field gradient with the electric quadrupole moment plays the dominant role in the NER mechanism. The magnitude of the NER signal strongly depends on whether electronic states are localized or extended. This indicates that NER is sensitive to the screening capability of the electric field associated with QHSs.

  15. Electronically excited negative ion resonant states in chloroethylenes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khvostenko, O.G., E-mail: khv@mail.ru; Lukin, V.G.; Tuimedov, G.M.; Khatymova, L.Z.; Kinzyabulatov, R.R.; Tseplin, E.E.

    2015-02-15

    Highlights: • Several novel dissociative negative ion channels were revealed in chloroethylenes. • The electronically excited resonant states were recorded in all chloroethylenes under study. • The states were assigned to the inter-shell types, but not to the core-excited Feshbach one. - Abstract: The negative ion mass spectra of the resonant electron capture by molecules of 1,1-dichloroethylene, 1,2-dichloroethylene-cis, 1,2-dichloroethylene-trans, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene have been recorded in the 0–12 eV range of the captured electron energy using static magnetic sector mass spectrometer modified for operation in the resonant electron capture regime. As a result, several novel low-intensive dissociation channels were revealed in the compounds under study. Additionally, the negative ion resonant states were recorded at approximately 3–12 eV, mostly for the first time. These resonant states were assigned to the electronically excited resonances of the inter-shell type by comparing their energies with those of the parent neutral molecules triplet and singlet electronically excited states known from the energy-loss spectra obtained by previous studies.

  16. Operation States Analysis of the Series-Parallel resonant Converter Working Above Resonance Frequency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslav Durdik

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Operation states analysis of a series-parallel converter working above resonance frequency is described in the paper. Principal equations are derived for individual operation states. On the basis of them the diagrams are made out. The diagrams give the complex image of the converter behaviour for individual circuit parameters. The waveforms may be utilised at designing the inverter individual parts.

  17. Initial state dependence of a quantum-resonance ratchet

    CERN Document Server

    Ni, Jiating; Dadras, Siamak; Borunda, Mario F; Wimberger, Sandro; Summy, Gil S

    2016-01-01

    We demonstrate quantum resonance ratchets created with Bose-Einstein condensates exposed to pulses of an off-resonant standing light wave. We show how some of the basic properties of the ratchets are controllable through the creation of different initial states of the system. In particular, our results prove that through an appropriate choice of initial state it is possible to reduce the extent to which the ratchet state changes with respect to time. We develop a simple theory to explain our results and indicate how ratchets might be used as part of a matter wave interferometer or quantum-random walk experiment.

  18. Asymptotic-bound-state model for Feshbach resonances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tiecke, T.G.; Goosen, M.R.; Walraven, J.T.M.; Kokkelmans, S.J.J.M.F.

    2010-01-01

    We present an asymptotic-bound-state model which can be used to accurately describe all Feshbach resonance positions and widths in a two-body system. With this model we determine the coupled bound states of a particular two-body system. The model is based on analytic properties of the two-body

  19. Electron exchange in conformationally restricted donor-spacer-acceptor dyads: angle dependence and involvement of upper-lying excited States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benniston, Andrew C; Harriman, Anthony; Li, Peiyi; Patel, Pritesh V; Sams, Craig A

    2008-01-01

    The rate constant for triplet energy transfer (k(TET)) has been measured in fluid solution for a series of mixed-metal Ru-Os bis(2,2':6',2''-terpyridine) complexes built around a tethered biphenyl-based spacer group. The length of the tether controls the central torsion angle for the spacer, which can be varied systematically from 37 to 130 degrees . At low temperature, but still in fluid solution, the spacer adopts the lowest-energy conformation and k(TET) shows a clear correlation with the torsion angle. A similar relationship holds for the inverse quantum yield for emission from the Ru-terpy donor. Triplet energy transfer is more strongly activated at higher temperature and the kinetic data require analysis in terms of two separate processes. The more weakly activated step involves electron exchange from the first-excited triplet state on the Ru-terpy donor and the size of the activation barrier matches well with that calculated from spectroscopic properties. The pre-exponential factor derived for this process correlates remarkably well with the torsion angle and there is a large disparity in electronic coupling through pi and sigma orbitals on the spacer. The more strongly activated step is attributed to electron exchange from an upper-lying triplet state localized on the Ru-terpy donor. Here, the pre-exponential factor is larger but shows the same dependence on the geometry of the spacer. Strangely, the difference in coupling through pi and sigma orbitals is much less pronounced. Despite internal flexibility around the spacer, k(TET) shows a marked dependence on the torsion angle computed for the lowest-energy conformation.

  20. Feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging-guided high intensity focused ultrasound therapy for ablating uterine fibroids in patients with bowel lies anterior to uterus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang Lian; Chen Wenzhi [Clinical Center for Tumour Therapy of 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing University of Medical Sciences, Chongqing 400010 (China); Liu Yinjiang; Hu Xiao [National Engineering Research Center of Ultrasound Medicine, Chongqing 400010 (China); Zhou Kun [Clinical Center for Tumour Therapy of 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing University of Medical Sciences, Chongqing 400010 (China); Chen Li [National Engineering Research Center of Ultrasound Medicine, Chongqing 400010 (China); Peng Song; Zhu Hui [Clinical Center for Tumour Therapy of 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing University of Medical Sciences, Chongqing 400010 (China); Zou Huiling [National Engineering Research Center of Ultrasound Medicine, Chongqing 400010 (China); Bai Jin [Institute of Ultrasound Engineering in Medicine of Chongqing University of Medical Sciences, Chongqing 400016 (China); Wang Zhibiao [Clinical Center for Tumour Therapy of 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing University of Medical Sciences, Chongqing 400010 (China); National Engineering Research Center of Ultrasound Medicine, Chongqing 400010 (China); Institute of Ultrasound Engineering in Medicine of Chongqing University of Medical Sciences, Chongqing 400016 (China)], E-mail: wangzhibiao@haifu.com.cn

    2010-02-15

    Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the feasibility of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-guided high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) therapeutic ablation of uterine fibroids in patients with bowel lies anterior to uterus. Materials and methods: Twenty-one patients with 23 uterine fibroids underwent MR imaging-guided high intensity focused ultrasound treatment, with a mean age of 39.4 {+-} 6.9 (20-49) years, with fibroids average measuring 6.0 {+-} 1.6 (range, 2.9-9.5) cm in diameter. After being compressed with a degassed water balloon on abdominal wall, MR imaging-guided high intensity focused ultrasound treatment was performed under conscious sedation by using fentanyl and midazolam. This procedure was performed by a Haifu JM focused ultrasound tumour therapeutic system (JM2.5C, Chongqing Haifu Technology Co., Ltd., China), in combination with a 1.5-Tesla MRI system (Symphony, Siemens, Germany), which provides real-time guidance and control. Contrast-enhanced MR imaging was performed to evaluate the efficacy of thermal ablation immediately and 3 months after HIFU treatment. The treatment time and adverse events were recorded. Results: The mean fibroid volume was 97.0 {+-} 78.3 (range, 12.7-318.3) cm{sup 3}. According to the treatment plan, an average 75.0 {+-} 11.4% (range, 37.8-92.4%) of the fibroid volume was treated. The mean fibroid volume immediately after HIFU was 109.7 {+-} 93.1 (range, 11.9-389.6) cm{sup 3}, slightly enlarged because of edema. The average non-perfused volume was 83.3 {+-} 71.7 (range, 7.7-282.9) cm{sup 3}, the average fractional ablation, which was defined as non-perfused volume divided by the fibroid volume immediately after HIFU treatment, was 76.9 {+-} 18.7% (range, 21.0-97.0%). There were no statistically significant differences between the treatment volume and the non-perfused volume. Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 3 months obtained in 12 patients, the fibroid volume decreased by 31.4 {+-} 29.3% (range, -1.9 to 60

  1. Toward a Global Model of Low-Lying Vibrational States of CH_3CN: the v_4 = 1 State at 920 cm-1 and its Interactions with Nearby States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Holger S. P.; Drouin, B. J.; Pearson, J. C.; Brown, L. R.; Kleiner, I.; Sams, R. L.

    2010-06-01

    Methyl cyanide, CH_3CN, is an important interstellar molecule, in particular in hot and dense molecular cores, and it may play a role in the atmospheres of planets or of Titan. Therefore, we have recorded extensive rotational and rovibrational spectra up to ˜ 1.6 THz and ˜ 1500 cm-1, respectively. The present investigation extends our analysis of states with v_8 ≤ 2 at vibrational energies below 740 cm-1 and takes into consideration findings from an analysis of the ν _4 band and the higher-lying ν _7 (at ˜1042 cm-1) and 3ν _8 ^1 (at ˜1078 cm-1) bands. The rotational data extend to J = 87 and K = 15, infrared assignments currently extend to 55 and 12, respectively. Parameters affecting only v_7 = 1 or v_8 = 3 as well as some additional interaction parameters were kept fixed to values from (b). The largest perturbations of v_4 = 1 are caused by a Δ k = 0, Δ l = 3 interaction with v_8 = 3 at K = 8. Despite the inclusion of the interaction parameter and a centrifugal distortion correction, residuals amount to more than 200 MHz very close to the resonance. Removal of these residuals probably requires explicit inclusion of v_8 = 3 data. Several additional perturbations exist at lower as well as higher K with v_8 = 2, v_7 = 1 and v_8 = 3. Higher values of K are difficult to reproduce in spite of an extensive set of distortion parameters which, at highest orders, have rather large magnitudes, possibly indicating unaccounted interactions which would probably occur with states even higher than v_8 = 3. H. S. P. Müller et al., contribution WG03, presented at the 62nd International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy, June 18-22, 2007, Columbus, Ohio, USA. A.-M. Tolonen et al., J. Mol. Spectrosc. 160 (1993) 554-565.

  2. Theoretical Study on Vibronic Interactions and Photophysics of Low-Lying Excited Electronic States of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samala, Nagaprasad Reddy; Mahapatra, S.

    2014-06-01

    Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), in particular, their radical cation (PAH^+), have long been postulated to be the important molecular species in connection with the spectroscopic observations in the interstellar medium. Motivated by numerous important observations by stellar as well as laboratory spectroscopists, we undertook detailed quantum mechanical studies of the structure and dynamics of electronically excited PAH^+ in an attempt to establish possible synergism with the recorded data In this study, we focus on the quantum chemistry and dynamics of the doublet ground (X) and low-lying excited (A, B and C) electronic states of the radical cation of tetracene (Tn), pentacene (Pn), and hexacene (Hn) molecule. This study is aimed to unravel photostability, spectroscopy, and time-dependent dynamics of their excited electronic states. In order to proceed with the theoretical investigations, we construct suitable multistate and multimode Hamiltonian for these systems with the aid of extensive ab initio calculations of their electronic energy surfaces. The diabatic coupling surfaces are derived from the calculated adiabatic electronic energies. First principles nuclear dynamics calculations are then carried out employing the constructed Hamiltonians and with the aid of time-independent and time-dependent quantum mechanical methods. We compared our theoretical results with available photoelectron spectroscopy, zero kinetic energy photoelectron (ZEKE) spectroscopy and matrix isolation spectroscopy (MIS) results. A peak at 8650 Å in the B state spectrum of Tn^+ is in good agreement with the DIB at 8648 Å observed by Salama et al. Similarly in Pn^+, a peak at 8350 Å can be correlated to the DIB at 8321 Å observed by Salama et al. J. Zhang et al., J. Chem. Phys., 128,104301 (2008).; F. Salama, Origins of Life Evol. Biosphere, 28, 349 (1998).; F. Salama et al., Planet. Space Sci., 43, 1165 (1995).; F. Salama et al., Astrophys. J., 526, 265 (1999).; J

  3. Excited state calculations using phaseless auxiliary-field quantum Monte Carlo: potential energy curves of low lying C2 singlet states

    CERN Document Server

    Purwanto, Wirawan; Krakauer, Henry

    2009-01-01

    We show that the recently developed phaseless auxiliary-field quantum Monte Carlo (AFQMC) method can be used to study excited states, providing an alternative to standard quantum chemistry methods. The phaseless AFQMC approach, whose computational cost scales as M^3-M^4 with system size M, has been shown to be among the most accurate many-body methods in ground state calculations. For excited states, prevention of collapse into the ground state and control of the Fermion sign/phase problem are accomplished by the approximate phaseless constraint with a trial wave function. Using the challenging C2 molecule as a test case, we calculate the potential energy curves of the ground and two low-lying singlet excited states. The trial wave function is obtained by truncating complete active space wave functions, with no further optimization. The phaseless AFQMC results using a small basis set are in good agreement with exact full configuration interaction calculations, while those using large basis sets are in good ag...

  4. Resonant state expansion applied to planar open optical systems

    CERN Document Server

    Doost, M B; Muljarov, E A

    2011-01-01

    The resonant state expansion (RSE), a novel perturbation theory of Brillouin-Wigner type developed in electrodynamics [Muljarov, Langbein, and Zimmermann, Europhys. Lett., 92, 50010(2010)], is applied to planar, effectively one-dimensional optical systems, such as layered dielectric slabs and Bragg reflector microcavities. It is demonstrated that the RSE converges with a power law in the basis size. Algorithms for error estimation and their reduction by extrapolation are presented and evaluated. Complex eigenfrequencies, electro-magnetic fields, and the Green's function of a selection of optical systems are calculated, as well as the observable transmission spectra. In particular we find that for a Bragg-mirror microcavity, which has sharp resonances in the spectrum, the transmission calculated using the resonant state expansion reproduces the result of the transfer/scattering matrix method.

  5. Jet-cooled laser-induced dispersed fluorescence spectroscopy of NiC: Observation of low-lying Ω = 0+ state

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukund, Sheo; Yarlagadda, Suresh; Bhattacharyya, Soumen; Nakhate, S. G.

    2014-01-01

    Laser-induced dispersed fluorescence spectra of 58Ni12C molecules, produced in a free-jet apparatus, have been studied. A new low-lying Ω = 0+ state has been observed at Te = 5178 (6) cm-1. Based on previous ab initio calculations this state is plausibly assigned as 0+ spin-orbit component of the first excited 3 Π state. The term energies of vibrational levels up to v = 10 for X1Σ+ ground and v = 3 for Ω = 0+ states have been determined. The harmonic and anharmonic wavenumbers respectively equal to 833 (4) and 6.7 (13) cm-1 for Ω = 0+ state have been measured.

  6. Lie groups and Lie algebras for physicists

    CERN Document Server

    Das, Ashok

    2015-01-01

    The book is intended for graduate students of theoretical physics (with a background in quantum mechanics) as well as researchers interested in applications of Lie group theory and Lie algebras in physics. The emphasis is on the inter-relations of representation theories of Lie groups and the corresponding Lie algebras.

  7. Pulse Design in Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Palani, Ravi Shankar

    2017-01-01

    The work presented in this dissertation is centred on the theory of experimental methods in solid-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, which deals with interaction of electromagnetic radiation with nuclei in a magnetic field and possessing a fundamental quantum mechanical property...

  8. Generation of various multiatom entangled graph states via resonant interactions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dong Ping; Zhang Li-Hua; Cao Zhuo-Liang

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, a scheme for generating various multiatom entangled graph states via resonant interactions is proposed. We investigate the generation of various four-atom graph states first in the ideal case and then in the case in which the cavity decay and atomic spontaneous emission are taken into consideration in the process of interaction. More importantly, we improve the possible distortion of the graph states coming from cavity decay and atomic spontaneous emission by performing appropriate unitary transforms on atoms. The generation of multiatom entangled graph states is very important for constructing quantum one-way computer in a fault-tolerant manner. The resonant interaction time is very short, which is important in the sense of decoherence. Our scheme is easy and feasible within the reach of current experimental technology.

  9. Interplay between single-particle and collective degrees of freedom in the excitation of the low-lying quadrupole states in sup 142 Nd

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sandor, R.K.J.; Blok, H.P.; Harakeh, M.N. (Vrije Univ., Amsterdam (Netherlands). Natuurkundig Lab.); Garg, U. (Vrije Univ., Amsterdam (Netherlands). Natuurkundig Lab. Notre Dame Univ., IN (USA). Dept. of Physics); Jager, C.W. de; Vries, H. de (Nationaal Inst. voor Kernfysica en Hoge-Energiefysica (NIKHEF), Amsterdam (Netherlands). Sectie K); Ponomarev, V.Yu.; Vdovin, A.I. (Joint Inst. for Nuclear Research, Dubna (USSR). Lab. of Theoretical Physics)

    1989-12-21

    The low-lying quadrupole states in {sup 142}Nd were investigated by inelastic electron scattering. The momentum transfer range covered was 0.5-2.8 fm{sup -1}. The extracted transition charge densities indicate quite different characters for these states. On the basis of a quasiparticle-phonon nuclear model calculation this difference can be understood as arising from an interplay between collective and single-particle aspects. (orig.).

  10. Delayed-feedback chimera states: Forced multiclusters and stochastic resonance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semenov, V.; Zakharova, A.; Maistrenko, Y.; Schöll, E.

    2016-07-01

    A nonlinear oscillator model with negative time-delayed feedback is studied numerically under external deterministic and stochastic forcing. It is found that in the unforced system complex partial synchronization patterns like chimera states as well as salt-and-pepper-like solitary states arise on the route from regular dynamics to spatio-temporal chaos. The control of the dynamics by external periodic forcing is demonstrated by numerical simulations. It is shown that one-cluster and multi-cluster chimeras can be achieved by adjusting the external forcing frequency to appropriate resonance conditions. If a stochastic component is superimposed to the deterministic external forcing, chimera states can be induced in a way similar to stochastic resonance, they appear, therefore, in regimes where they do not exist without noise.

  11. Observation of the resonant character of the $Z(4430)^-$ state

    CERN Document Server

    Aaij, Roel; Adinolfi, Marco; Affolder, Anthony; Ajaltouni, Ziad; Albrecht, Johannes; Alessio, Federico; Alexander, Michael; Ali, Suvayu; Alkhazov, Georgy; Alvarez Cartelle, Paula; Alves Jr, Antonio; Amato, Sandra; Amerio, Silvia; Amhis, Yasmine; An, Liupan; Anderlini, Lucio; Anderson, Jonathan; Andreassen, Rolf; Andreotti, Mirco; Andrews, Jason; Appleby, Robert; Aquines Gutierrez, Osvaldo; Archilli, Flavio; Artamonov, Alexander; Artuso, Marina; Aslanides, Elie; Auriemma, Giulio; Baalouch, Marouen; Bachmann, Sebastian; Back, John; Badalov, Alexey; Balagura, Vladislav; Baldini, Wander; Barlow, Roger; Barschel, Colin; Barsuk, Sergey; Barter, William; Batozskaya, Varvara; Bauer, Thomas; Bay, Aurelio; Beaucourt, Leo; Beddow, John; Bedeschi, Franco; Bediaga, Ignacio; Belogurov, Sergey; Belous, Konstantin; Belyaev, Ivan; Ben-Haim, Eli; Bencivenni, Giovanni; Benson, Sean; Benton, Jack; Berezhnoy, Alexander; Bernet, Roland; Bettler, Marc-Olivier; van Beuzekom, Martinus; Bien, Alexander; Bifani, Simone; Bird, Thomas; Bizzeti, Andrea; Bjørnstad, Pål Marius; Blake, Thomas; Blanc, Frédéric; Blouw, Johan; Blusk, Steven; Bocci, Valerio; Bondar, Alexander; Bondar, Nikolay; Bonivento, Walter; Borghi, Silvia; Borgia, Alessandra; Borsato, Martino; Bowcock, Themistocles; Bowen, Espen Eie; Bozzi, Concezio; Brambach, Tobias; van den Brand, Johannes; Bressieux, Joël; Brett, David; Britsch, Markward; Britton, Thomas; Brodzicka, Jolanta; Brook, Nicholas; Brown, Henry; Bursche, Albert; Busetto, Giovanni; Buytaert, Jan; Cadeddu, Sandro; Calabrese, Roberto; Calvi, Marta; Calvo Gomez, Miriam; Camboni, Alessandro; Campana, Pierluigi; Campora Perez, Daniel; Carbone, Angelo; Carboni, Giovanni; Cardinale, Roberta; Cardini, Alessandro; Carranza-Mejia, Hector; Carson, Laurence; Carvalho Akiba, Kazuyoshi; Casse, Gianluigi; Cassina, Lorenzo; Castillo Garcia, Lucia; Cattaneo, Marco; Cauet, Christophe; Cenci, Riccardo; Charles, Matthew; Charpentier, Philippe; Chen, Shanzhen; Cheung, Shu-Faye; Chiapolini, Nicola; Chrzaszcz, Marcin; Ciba, Krzystof; Cid Vidal, Xabier; Ciezarek, Gregory; Clarke, Peter; Clemencic, Marco; Cliff, Harry; Closier, Joel; Coco, Victor; Cogan, Julien; Cogneras, Eric; Collins, Paula; Comerma-Montells, Albert; Contu, Andrea; Cook, Andrew; Coombes, Matthew; Coquereau, Samuel; Corti, Gloria; Corvo, Marco; Counts, Ian; Couturier, Benjamin; Cowan, Greig; Craik, Daniel Charles; Cruz Torres, Melissa Maria; Cunliffe, Samuel; Currie, Robert; D'Ambrosio, Carmelo; Dalseno, Jeremy; David, Pascal; David, Pieter; Davis, Adam; De Bruyn, Kristof; De Capua, Stefano; De Cian, Michel; De Miranda, Jussara; De Paula, Leandro; De Silva, Weeraddana; De Simone, Patrizia; Decamp, Daniel; Deckenhoff, Mirko; Del Buono, Luigi; Déléage, Nicolas; Derkach, Denis; Deschamps, Olivier; Dettori, Francesco; Di Canto, Angelo; Dijkstra, Hans; Donleavy, Stephanie; Dordei, Francesca; Dorigo, Mirco; Dosil Suárez, Alvaro; Dossett, David; Dovbnya, Anatoliy; Dujany, Giulio; Dupertuis, Frederic; Durante, Paolo; Dzhelyadin, Rustem; Dziurda, Agnieszka; Dzyuba, Alexey; Easo, Sajan; Egede, Ulrik; Egorychev, Victor; Eidelman, Semen; Eisenhardt, Stephan; Eitschberger, Ulrich; Ekelhof, Robert; Eklund, Lars; El Rifai, Ibrahim; Elsasser, Christian; Ely, Scott; Esen, Sevda; Evans, Timothy; Falabella, Antonio; Färber, Christian; Farinelli, Chiara; Farley, Nathanael; Farry, Stephen; Ferguson, Dianne; Fernandez Albor, Victor; Ferreira Rodrigues, Fernando; Ferro-Luzzi, Massimiliano; Filippov, Sergey; Fiore, Marco; Fiorini, Massimiliano; Firlej, Miroslaw; Fitzpatrick, Conor; Fiutowski, Tomasz; Fontana, Marianna; Fontanelli, Flavio; Forty, Roger; Francisco, Oscar; Frank, Markus; Frei, Christoph; Frosini, Maddalena; Fu, Jinlin; Furfaro, Emiliano; Gallas Torreira, Abraham; Galli, Domenico; Gallorini, Stefano; Gambetta, Silvia; Gandelman, Miriam; Gandini, Paolo; Gao, Yuanning; Garofoli, Justin; Garra Tico, Jordi; Garrido, Lluis; Gaspar, Clara; Gauld, Rhorry; Gavardi, Laura; Gersabeck, Evelina; Gersabeck, Marco; Gershon, Timothy; Ghez, Philippe; Gianelle, Alessio; Giani', Sebastiana; Gibson, Valerie; Giubega, Lavinia-Helena; Gligorov, Vladimir; Göbel, Carla; Golubkov, Dmitry; Golutvin, Andrey; Gomes, Alvaro; Gordon, Hamish; Gotti, Claudio; Grabalosa Gándara, Marc; Graciani Diaz, Ricardo; Granado Cardoso, Luis Alberto; Graugés, Eugeni; Graziani, Giacomo; Grecu, Alexandru; Greening, Edward; Gregson, Sam; Griffith, Peter; Grillo, Lucia; Grünberg, Oliver; Gui, Bin; Gushchin, Evgeny; Guz, Yury; Gys, Thierry; Hadjivasiliou, Christos; Haefeli, Guido; Haen, Christophe; Haines, Susan; Hall, Samuel; Hamilton, Brian; Hampson, Thomas; Han, Xiaoxue; Hansmann-Menzemer, Stephanie; Harnew, Neville; Harnew, Samuel; Harrison, Jonathan; Hartmann, Thomas; He, Jibo; Head, Timothy; Heijne, Veerle; Hennessy, Karol; Henrard, Pierre; Henry, Louis; Hernando Morata, Jose Angel; van Herwijnen, Eric; Heß, Miriam; Hicheur, Adlène; Hill, Donal; Hoballah, Mostafa; Hombach, Christoph; Hulsbergen, Wouter; Hunt, Philip; Hussain, Nazim; Hutchcroft, David; Hynds, Daniel; Idzik, Marek; Ilten, Philip; Jacobsson, Richard; Jaeger, Andreas; Jalocha, Pawel; Jans, Eddy; Jaton, Pierre; Jawahery, Abolhassan; Jezabek, Marek; Jing, Fanfan; John, Malcolm; Johnson, Daniel; Jones, Christopher; Joram, Christian; Jost, Beat; Jurik, Nathan; Kaballo, Michael; Kandybei, Sergii; Kanso, Walaa; Karacson, Matthias; Karbach, Moritz; Kelsey, Matthew; Kenyon, Ian; Ketel, Tjeerd; Khanji, Basem; Khurewathanakul, Chitsanu; Klaver, Suzanne; Kochebina, Olga; Kolpin, Michael; Komarov, Ilya; Koopman, Rose; Koppenburg, Patrick; Korolev, Mikhail; Kozlinskiy, Alexandr; Kravchuk, Leonid; Kreplin, Katharina; Kreps, Michal; Krocker, Georg; Krokovny, Pavel; Kruse, Florian; Kucharczyk, Marcin; Kudryavtsev, Vasily; Kurek, Krzysztof; Kvaratskheliya, Tengiz; La Thi, Viet Nga; Lacarrere, Daniel; Lafferty, George; Lai, Adriano; Lambert, Dean; Lambert, Robert W; Lanciotti, Elisa; Lanfranchi, Gaia; Langenbruch, Christoph; Langhans, Benedikt; Latham, Thomas; Lazzeroni, Cristina; Le Gac, Renaud; van Leerdam, Jeroen; Lees, Jean-Pierre; Lefèvre, Regis; Leflat, Alexander; Lefrançois, Jacques; Leo, Sabato; Leroy, Olivier; Lesiak, Tadeusz; Leverington, Blake; Li, Yiming; Liles, Myfanwy; Lindner, Rolf; Linn, Christian; Lionetto, Federica; Liu, Bo; Liu, Guoming; Lohn, Stefan; Longstaff, Iain; Lopes, Jose; Lopez-March, Neus; Lowdon, Peter; Lu, Haiting; Lucchesi, Donatella; Luo, Haofei; Lupato, Anna; Luppi, Eleonora; Lupton, Oliver; Machefert, Frederic; Machikhiliyan, Irina V; Maciuc, Florin; Maev, Oleg; Malde, Sneha; Manca, Giulia; Mancinelli, Giampiero; Manzali, Matteo; Maratas, Jan; Marchand, Jean François; Marconi, Umberto; Marin Benito, Carla; Marino, Pietro; Märki, Raphael; Marks, Jörg; Martellotti, Giuseppe; Martens, Aurelien; Martín Sánchez, Alexandra; Martinelli, Maurizio; Martinez Santos, Diego; Martinez Vidal, Fernando; Martins Tostes, Danielle; Massafferri, André; Matev, Rosen; Mathe, Zoltan; Matteuzzi, Clara; Mazurov, Alexander; McCann, Michael; McCarthy, James; McNab, Andrew; McNulty, Ronan; McSkelly, Ben; Meadows, Brian; Meier, Frank; Meissner, Marco; Merk, Marcel; Milanes, Diego Alejandro; Minard, Marie-Noelle; Moggi, Niccolò; Molina Rodriguez, Josue; Monteil, Stephane; Moran, Dermot; Morandin, Mauro; Morawski, Piotr; Mordà, Alessandro; Morello, Michael Joseph; Moron, Jakub; Morris, Adam Benjamin; Mountain, Raymond; Muheim, Franz; Müller, Katharina; Muresan, Raluca; Mussini, Manuel; Muster, Bastien; Naik, Paras; Nakada, Tatsuya; Nandakumar, Raja; Nasteva, Irina; Needham, Matthew; Neri, Nicola; Neubert, Sebastian; Neufeld, Niko; Neuner, Max; Nguyen, Anh Duc; Nguyen, Thi-Dung; Nguyen-Mau, Chung; Nicol, Michelle; Niess, Valentin; Niet, Ramon; Nikitin, Nikolay; Nikodem, Thomas; Novoselov, Alexey; Oblakowska-Mucha, Agnieszka; Obraztsov, Vladimir; Oggero, Serena; Ogilvy, Stephen; Okhrimenko, Oleksandr; Oldeman, Rudolf; Onderwater, Gerco; Orlandea, Marius; Otalora Goicochea, Juan Martin; Owen, Patrick; Oyanguren, Maria Arantza; Pal, Bilas Kanti; Palano, Antimo; Palombo, Fernando; Palutan, Matteo; Panman, Jacob; Papanestis, Antonios; Pappagallo, Marco; Parkes, Christopher; Parkinson, Christopher John; Passaleva, Giovanni; Patel, Girish; Patel, Mitesh; Patrignani, Claudia; Pazos Alvarez, Antonio; Pearce, Alex; Pellegrino, Antonio; Pepe Altarelli, Monica; Perazzini, Stefano; Perez Trigo, Eliseo; Perret, Pascal; Perrin-Terrin, Mathieu; Pescatore, Luca; Pesen, Erhan; Petridis, Konstantin; Petrolini, Alessandro; Picatoste Olloqui, Eduardo; Pietrzyk, Boleslaw; Pilař, Tomas; Pinci, Davide; Pistone, Alessandro; Playfer, Stephen; Plo Casasus, Maximo; Polci, Francesco; Poluektov, Anton; Polycarpo, Erica; Popov, Alexander; Popov, Dmitry; Popovici, Bogdan; Potterat, Cédric; Powell, Andrew; Prisciandaro, Jessica; Pritchard, Adrian; Prouve, Claire; Pugatch, Valery; Puig Navarro, Albert; Punzi, Giovanni; Qian, Wenbin; Rachwal, Bartolomiej; Rademacker, Jonas; Rakotomiaramanana, Barinjaka; Rama, Matteo; Rangel, Murilo; Raniuk, Iurii; Rauschmayr, Nathalie; Raven, Gerhard; Reichert, Stefanie; Reid, Matthew; dos Reis, Alberto; Ricciardi, Stefania; Richards, Alexander; Rihl, Mariana; Rinnert, Kurt; Rives Molina, Vincente; Roa Romero, Diego; Robbe, Patrick; Rodrigues, Ana Barbara; Rodrigues, Eduardo; Rodriguez Perez, Pablo; Roiser, Stefan; Romanovsky, Vladimir; Romero Vidal, Antonio; Rotondo, Marcello; Rouvinet, Julien; Ruf, Thomas; Ruffini, Fabrizio; Ruiz, Hugo; Ruiz Valls, Pablo; Sabatino, Giovanni; Saborido Silva, Juan Jose; Sagidova, Naylya; Sail, Paul; Saitta, Biagio; Salustino Guimaraes, Valdir; Sanchez Mayordomo, Carlos; Sanmartin Sedes, Brais; Santacesaria, Roberta; Santamarina Rios, Cibran; Santovetti, Emanuele; Sapunov, Matvey; Sarti, Alessio; Satriano, Celestina; Satta, Alessia; Savrie, Mauro; Savrina, Darya; Schiller, Manuel; Schindler, Heinrich; Schlupp, Maximilian; Schmelling, Michael; Schmidt, Burkhard; Schneider, Olivier; Schopper, Andreas; Schune, Marie Helene; Schwemmer, Rainer; Sciascia, Barbara; Sciubba, Adalberto; Seco, Marcos; Semennikov, Alexander; Senderowska, Katarzyna; Sepp, Indrek; Serra, Nicola; Serrano, Justine; Sestini, Lorenzo; Seyfert, Paul; Shapkin, Mikhail; Shapoval, Illya; Shcheglov, Yury; Shears, Tara; Shekhtman, Lev; Shevchenko, Vladimir; Shires, Alexander; Silva Coutinho, Rafael; Simi, Gabriele; Sirendi, Marek; Skidmore, Nicola; Skwarnicki, Tomasz; Smith, Anthony; Smith, Edmund; Smith, Eluned; Smith, Jackson; Smith, Mark; Snoek, Hella; Sokoloff, Michael; Soler, Paul; Soomro, Fatima; Souza, Daniel; Souza De Paula, Bruno; Spaan, Bernhard; Sparkes, Ailsa; Spinella, Franco; Spradlin, Patrick; Stagni, Federico; Stahl, Sascha; Steinkamp, Olaf; Stenyakin, Oleg; Stevenson, Scott; Stoica, Sabin; Stone, Sheldon; Storaci, Barbara; Stracka, Simone; Straticiuc, Mihai; Straumann, Ulrich; Stroili, Roberto; Subbiah, Vijay Kartik; Sun, Liang; Sutcliffe, William; Swientek, Krzysztof; Swientek, Stefan; Syropoulos, Vasileios; Szczekowski, Marek; Szczypka, Paul; Szilard, Daniela; Szumlak, Tomasz; T'Jampens, Stephane; Teklishyn, Maksym; Tellarini, Giulia; Teubert, Frederic; Thomas, Christopher; Thomas, Eric; van Tilburg, Jeroen; Tisserand, Vincent; Tobin, Mark; Tolk, Siim; Tomassetti, Luca; Tonelli, Diego; Topp-Joergensen, Stig; Torr, Nicholas; Tournefier, Edwige; Tourneur, Stephane; Tran, Minh Tâm; Tresch, Marco; Tsaregorodtsev, Andrei; Tsopelas, Panagiotis; Tuning, Niels; Ubeda Garcia, Mario; Ukleja, Artur; Ustyuzhanin, Andrey; Uwer, Ulrich; Vagnoni, Vincenzo; Valenti, Giovanni; Vallier, Alexis; Vazquez Gomez, Ricardo; Vazquez Regueiro, Pablo; Vázquez Sierra, Carlos; Vecchi, Stefania; Velthuis, Jaap; Veltri, Michele; Veneziano, Giovanni; Vesterinen, Mika; Viaud, Benoit; Vieira, Daniel; Vieites Diaz, Maria; Vilasis-Cardona, Xavier; Vollhardt, Achim; Volyanskyy, Dmytro; Voong, David; Vorobyev, Alexey; Vorobyev, Vitaly; Voß, Christian; Voss, Helge; de Vries, Jacco; Waldi, Roland; Wallace, Charlotte; Wallace, Ronan; Walsh, John; Wandernoth, Sebastian; Wang, Jianchun; Ward, David; Watson, Nigel; Websdale, David; Whitehead, Mark; Wicht, Jean; Wiedner, Dirk; Wilkinson, Guy; Williams, Matthew; Williams, Mike; Wilson, Fergus; Wimberley, Jack; Wishahi, Julian; Wislicki, Wojciech; Witek, Mariusz; Wormser, Guy; Wotton, Stephen; Wright, Simon; Wu, Suzhi; Wyllie, Kenneth; Xie, Yuehong; Xing, Zhou; Xu, Zhirui; Yang, Zhenwei; Yuan, Xuhao; Yushchenko, Oleg; Zangoli, Maria; Zavertyaev, Mikhail; Zhang, Feng; Zhang, Liming; Zhang, Wen Chao; Zhang, Yanxi; Zhelezov, Alexey; Zhokhov, Anatoly; Zhong, Liang; Zvyagin, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    Resonant structures in $B^0\\to\\psi'\\pi^-K^+$ decays are analyzed by performing a four-dimensional fit of the decay amplitude, using $pp$ collision data corresponding to $\\rm 3 fb^{-1}$ collected with the LHCb detector. The data cannot be described with $K^+\\pi^-$ resonances alone, which is confirmed with a model-independent approach. A highly significant $Z(4430)^-\\to\\psi'\\pi^-$ component is required, thus confirming the existence of this state. The observed evolution of the $Z(4430)^-$ amplitude with the $\\psi'\\pi^-$ mass establishes the resonant nature of this particle. The mass and width measurements are substantially improved. The spin-parity is determined unambiguously to be $1^+$.

  12. Observation of the resonant character of the Z(4430)(-) state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aaij, R; Adeva, B; Adinolfi, M; Affolder, A; Ajaltouni, Z; Albrecht, J; Alessio, F; Alexander, M; Ali, S; Alkhazov, G; Alvarez Cartelle, P; Alves, A A; Amato, S; Amerio, S; Amhis, Y; An, L; Anderlini, L; Anderson, J; Andreassen, R; Andreotti, M; Andrews, J E; Appleby, R B; Aquines Gutierrez, O; Archilli, F; Artamonov, A; Artuso, M; Aslanides, E; Auriemma, G; Baalouch, M; Bachmann, S; Back, J J; Badalov, A; Balagura, V; Baldini, W; Barlow, R J; Barschel, C; Barsuk, S; Barter, W; Batozskaya, V; Bauer, Th; Bay, A; Beaucourt, L; Beddow, J; Bedeschi, F; Bediaga, I; Belogurov, S; Belous, K; Belyaev, I; Ben-Haim, E; Bencivenni, G; Benson, S; Benton, J; Berezhnoy, A; Bernet, R; Bettler, M-O; van Beuzekom, M; Bien, A; Bifani, S; Bird, T; Bizzeti, A; Bjørnstad, P M; Blake, T; Blanc, F; Blouw, J; Blusk, S; Bocci, V; Bondar, A; Bondar, N; Bonivento, W; Borghi, S; Borgia, A; Borsato, M; Bowcock, T J V; Bowen, E; Bozzi, C; Brambach, T; van den Brand, J; Bressieux, J; Brett, D; Britsch, M; Britton, T; Brodzicka, J; Brook, N H; Brown, H; Bursche, A; Busetto, G; Buytaert, J; Cadeddu, S; Calabrese, R; Calvi, M; Calvo Gomez, M; Camboni, A; Campana, P; Campora Perez, D; Carbone, A; Carboni, G; Cardinale, R; Cardini, A; Carranza-Mejia, H; Carson, L; Carvalho Akiba, K; Casse, G; Cassina, L; Castillo Garcia, L; Cattaneo, M; Cauet, Ch; Cenci, R; Charles, M; Charpentier, Ph; Chen, S; Cheung, S-F; Chiapolini, N; Chrzaszcz, M; Ciba, K; Cid Vidal, X; Ciezarek, G; Clarke, P E L; Clemencic, M; Cliff, H V; Closier, J; Coco, V; Cogan, J; Cogneras, E; Collins, P; Comerma-Montells, A; Contu, A; Cook, A; Coombes, M; Coquereau, S; Corti, G; Corvo, M; Counts, I; Couturier, B; Cowan, G A; Craik, D C; Cruz Torres, M; Cunliffe, S; Currie, R; D'Ambrosio, C; Dalseno, J; David, P; David, P N Y; Davis, A; De Bruyn, K; De Capua, S; De Cian, M; De Miranda, J M; De Paula, L; De Silva, W; De Simone, P; Decamp, D; Deckenhoff, M; Del Buono, L; Déléage, N; Derkach, D; Deschamps, O; Dettori, F; Di Canto, A; Dijkstra, H; Donleavy, S; Dordei, F; Dorigo, M; Dosil Suárez, A; Dossett, D; Dovbnya, A; Dujany, G; Dupertuis, F; Durante, P; Dzhelyadin, R; Dziurda, A; Dzyuba, A; Easo, S; Egede, U; Egorychev, V; Eidelman, S; Eisenhardt, S; Eitschberger, U; Ekelhof, R; Eklund, L; El Rifai, I; Elsasser, Ch; Ely, S; Esen, S; Evans, T; Falabella, A; Färber, C; Farinelli, C; Farley, N; Farry, S; Ferguson, D; Fernandez Albor, V; Ferreira Rodrigues, F; Ferro-Luzzi, M; Filippov, S; Fiore, M; Fiorini, M; Firlej, M; Fitzpatrick, C; Fiutowski, T; Fontana, M; Fontanelli, F; Forty, R; Francisco, O; Frank, M; Frei, C; Frosini, M; Fu, J; Furfaro, E; Gallas Torreira, A; Galli, D; Gallorini, S; Gambetta, S; Gandelman, M; Gandini, P; Gao, Y; Garofoli, J; Garra Tico, J; Garrido, L; Gaspar, C; Gauld, R; Gavardi, L; Gersabeck, E; Gersabeck, M; Gershon, T; Ghez, Ph; Gianelle, A; Giani', S; Gibson, V; Giubega, L; Gligorov, V V; Göbel, C; Golubkov, D; Golutvin, A; Gomes, A; Gordon, H; Gotti, C; Grabalosa Gándara, M; Graciani Diaz, R; Granado Cardoso, L A; Graugés, E; Graziani, G; Grecu, A; Greening, E; Gregson, S; Griffith, P; Grillo, L; Grünberg, O; Gui, B; Gushchin, E; Guz, Yu; Gys, T; Hadjivasiliou, C; Haefeli, G; Haen, C; Haines, S C; Hall, S; Hamilton, B; Hampson, T; Han, X; Hansmann-Menzemer, S; Harnew, N; Harnew, S T; Harrison, J; Hartmann, T; He, J; Head, T; Heijne, V; Hennessy, K; Henrard, P; Henry, L; Hernando Morata, J A; van Herwijnen, E; Heß, M; Hicheur, A; Hill, D; Hoballah, M; Hombach, C; Hulsbergen, W; Hunt, P; Hussain, N; Hutchcroft, D; Hynds, D; Idzik, M; Ilten, P; Jacobsson, R; Jaeger, A; Jalocha, J; Jans, E; Jaton, P; Jawahery, A; Jezabek, M; Jing, F; John, M; Johnson, D; Jones, C R; Joram, C; Jost, B; Jurik, N; Kaballo, M; Kandybei, S; Kanso, W; Karacson, M; Karbach, T M; Kelsey, M; Kenyon, I R; Ketel, T; Khanji, B; Khurewathanakul, C; Klaver, S; Kochebina, O; Kolpin, M; Komarov, I; Koopman, R F; Koppenburg, P; Korolev, M; Kozlinskiy, A; Kravchuk, L; Kreplin, K; Kreps, M; Krocker, G; Krokovny, P; Kruse, F; Kucharczyk, M; Kudryavtsev, V; Kurek, K; Kvaratskheliya, T; La Thi, V N; Lacarrere, D; Lafferty, G; Lai, A; Lambert, D; Lambert, R W; Lanciotti, E; Lanfranchi, G; Langenbruch, C; Langhans, B; Latham, T; Lazzeroni, C; Le Gac, R; van Leerdam, J; Lees, J-P; Lefèvre, R; Leflat, A; Lefrançois, J; Leo, S; Leroy, O; Lesiak, T; Leverington, B; Li, Y; Liles, M; Lindner, R; Linn, C; Lionetto, F; Liu, B; Liu, G; Lohn, S; Longstaff, I; Lopes, J H; Lopez-March, N; Lowdon, P; Lu, H; Lucchesi, D; Luo, H; Lupato, A; Luppi, E; Lupton, O; Machefert, F; Machikhiliyan, I V; Maciuc, F; Maev, O; Malde, S; Manca, G; Mancinelli, G; Manzali, M; Maratas, J; Marchand, J F; Marconi, U; Marin Benito, C; Marino, P; Märki, R; Marks, J; Martellotti, G; Martens, A; Martín Sánchez, A; Martinelli, M; Martinez Santos, D; Martinez Vidal, F; Martins Tostes, D

    2014-06-01

    Resonant structures in B^{0}→ψ^{'}π^{-}K^{+} decays are analyzed by performing a four-dimensional fit of the decay amplitude, using pp collision data corresponding to 3  fb^{-1} collected with the LHCb detector. The data cannot be described with K^{+}π^{-} resonances alone, which is confirmed with a model-independent approach. A highly significant Z(4430)^{-}→ψ^{'}π^{-} component is required, thus confirming the existence of this state. The observed evolution of the Z(4430)^{-} amplitude with the ψ^{'}π^{-} mass establishes the resonant nature of this particle. The mass and width measurements are substantially improved. The spin parity is determined unambiguously to be 1^{+}.

  13. Bound states in the continuum in open acoustic resonators

    CERN Document Server

    Lyapina, A A; Pilipchuk, A S; Sadreev, A F

    2015-01-01

    We consider bound states in the continuum (BSC) or embedded trapped modes in two- and three-dimensional acoustic axisymmetric duct-cavity structures. We demonstrate numerically that under variation of the length of the cavity multiple BSCs occur due to the Friedrich-Wintgen two-mode full destructive interference mechanism. The BSCs are detected by tracing the resonant widths to the points of the collapse of Fano resonances where one of the two resonant modes acquires infinite life-time. It is shown that the approach of the acoustic coupled mode theory cast in the truncated form of a two-mode approximation allows us to analytically predict the BSC frequencies and shape functions to a good accuracy in both two and three dimensions.

  14. Resonant States in High-Temperature Superconductors with Impurities

    CERN Document Server

    Kovacevic, Z L; Hayn, R

    2002-01-01

    A microscopic theory of resonant states for the Zn-doped CuO_2 plane in superconducting phase is formulated within the effective t-J model. In the model derived from the original p-d model Zn impurities are considered as vacancies for the d states on Cu sites. In the superconducting phase in addition to the local static perturbation induced by the vacancy a dynamical perturbation appears which results in frequency-dependent perturbation matrix. By employing the T-matrix formalism for the Green functions in terms of the Hubbard operators the local density of electronic states with d-, p- and s-symmetry is calculated.

  15. Weak Lie symmetry and extended Lie algebra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goenner, Hubert [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, University of Goettingen, D-37077 Gottingen (Germany)

    2013-04-15

    The concept of weak Lie motion (weak Lie symmetry) is introduced. Applications given exhibit a reduction of the usual symmetry, e.g., in the case of the rotation group. In this context, a particular generalization of Lie algebras is found ('extended Lie algebras') which turns out to be an involutive distribution or a simple example for a tangent Lie algebroid. Riemannian and Lorentz metrics can be introduced on such an algebroid through an extended Cartan-Killing form. Transformation groups from non-relativistic mechanics and quantum mechanics lead to such tangent Lie algebroids and to Lorentz geometries constructed on them (1-dimensional gravitational fields).

  16. Resonating Valence Bond states for low dimensional S=1 antiferromagnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zheng-Xin; Zhou, Yi; Ng, Tai-Kai

    2014-03-01

    We study S = 1 spin liquid states in low dimensions. We show that the resonating-valence-bond (RVB) picture of S = 1 / 2 spin liquid state can be generalized to S = 1 case. For S = 1 system, a many-body singlet (with even site number) can be decomposed into superposition of products of two-body singlets. In other words, the product states of two-body singlets, called the singlet pair states (SPSs), are over complete to span the Hilbert space of many-body singlets. Furthermore, we generalized fermionic representation and the corresponding mean field theory and Gutzwiller projected stats to S = 1 models. We applied our theory to study 1D anti-ferromagnetic bilinear-biquadratic model and show that both the ground states (including the phase transition point) and the excited states can be understood excellently well within the framework. Our method can be applied to 2D S = 1 antiferromagnets.

  17. Energy, fine structure, hyperfine structure, and radiative transition rates of the high-lying multi-excited states for B-like neon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chun Mei; Chen, Chao; Sun, Yan; Gou, Bing Cong; Shao, Bin

    2015-04-01

    The Rayleigh-Ritz variational method with multiconfiguration interaction wave functions is used to obtain the energies of high-lying multi-excited quartet states 1 s 22 s2 pnl and 1 s 22 p 2 nl 4Pe,o ( n ≥ 2) in B-like neon, including the mass polarization and relativistic corrections. The fine structure and hyperfine structure of the excited quartet states for this system are investigated. Configuration structures of the high-lying multi-excited series are further identified by relativistic corrections and fine structure splittings. The transition rates and wavelengths are also calculated. Calculated wavelengths include the quantum electrodynamic effects. The results are compared with other theoretical and experimental data in the literature.

  18. 3-LIE BIALGEBRAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白瑞蒲; 程宇; 李佳倩; 孟伟

    2014-01-01

    3-Lie algebras have close relationships with many important fields in mathemat-ics and mathematical physics. This article concerns 3-Lie algebras. The concepts of 3-Lie coalgebras and 3-Lie bialgebras are given. The structures of such categories of algebras and the relationships with 3-Lie algebras are studied. And the classification of 4-dimensional 3-Lie coalgebras and 3-dimensional 3-Lie bialgebras over an algebraically closed field of char-acteristic zero are provided.

  19. Dynamics Resonances in Atomic States of Astrophysical Relevance

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    K. N. Arefieff; K. Miculis; N. N. Bezuglov; M. S. Dimitrijević; A. N. Klyucharev; A. A. Mihajlov; V. A. Srećković

    2015-12-01

    Ionized geocosmic media parameters in a thermal and a subthermal range of energy have a number of unique features. The photoresonance plasma that is formed by optical excitation of the lowest excited (resonance) atomic states is one example of conversion of radiation energy into electrical one. Since spontaneous fluorescence of excited atoms is probabilistic, the description of the radiating quantized system evolution along with photon energy transfer in a cold atom medium, should include elements of stochastic dynamics. Finally, the chaotic dynamics of a weakly bound Rydberg electron over a grid of the energy level diagram of a quasi-molecular Rydberg complex provides an excitation migration of the electron forward to the ionization continuum. This work aims at discussing the specific features of the dynamic resonances formalism in the description of processes involving Rydberg states of an excited atom, including features in the fluorescence spectrum partially caused by the quantum defect control due to the presence of statistic electromagnetic fields.

  20. Dynamics Resonances in Atomic States of Astrophysical Relevance

    CERN Document Server

    Arefieff, K N; Bezuglov, N N; Dimitrijevic, M S; Klyucharev, A N; Mihajlov, A A; Sreckovic, V A

    2016-01-01

    Ionized geocosmic media parameters in a thermal and a subthermal range of energy have a number of unique features. The photoresonance plasma that is formed by optical excitation of the lowest excited (resonance) atomic states is one example of conversion of radiation energy into electrical one. Since spontaneous fluorescence of excited atoms is probabilistic, the description of the radiating quantized system evolution along with photons energy transfer in a cold atoms medium, should include elements of stochastic dynamics. Finally, the chaotic dynamics of a weakly bound Rydberg electron over a grid of the energy levels diagram of a quasi-molecular Rydberg complex provides an excitation migration of the electron forward to the ionization continuum. This work aims at discussing the specific features of the dynamic resonances formalism in the description of processes involving Rydberg states of an excited atom, including features in the fluorescence spectrum partially caused by the quantum defect control due to ...

  1. Detecting positron-atom bound states through resonant annihilation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dzuba, V A; Flambaum, V V; Gribakin, G F

    2010-11-12

    A method is proposed for detecting positron-atom bound states by observing enhanced positron annihilation due to electronic Feshbach resonances at electron-volt energies. The method is applicable to a range of open-shell transition-metal atoms which are likely to bind the positron: Fe, Co, Ni, Tc, Ru, Rh, Sn, Sb, Ta, W, Os, Ir, and Pt. Estimates of their binding energies are provided.

  2. Detecting Positron-Atom Bound States through Resonant Annihilation

    OpenAIRE

    Dzuba, V. A.; Flambaum, V. V.; Gribakin, G. F.

    2010-01-01

    A method is proposed for detecting positron-atom bound states by observing enhanced positron annihilation due to electronic Feshbach resonances at electron-volt energies. The method is applicable to a range of open-shell transition metal atoms which are likely to bind the positron: Fe, Co, Ni, Tc, Ru, Rh, Sn, Sb, Ta, W, Os, Ir, and Pt. Estimates of their binding energies are provided.

  3. Resonant quenching of Rydberg atomic states by highly polar molecules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narits, A. A.; Mironchuk, E. S.; Lebedev, V. S.

    2016-06-01

    The results of theoretical studies of the resonant quenching and ion-pair formation processes induced by collisions of Rydberg atoms with highly polar molecules possessing small electron affinities are reported. We elaborate an approach for describing collisional dynamics of both processes and demonstrate the predominant role of resonant quenching channel of reaction for the destruction of Rydberg states by electron-attaching molecules. The approach is based on the solution of the coupled differential equations for the transition amplitudes between the ionic and Rydberg covalent terms of a quasimolecule formed during a collision of particles. It takes into account the possibility of the dipole-bound anion decay in the Coulomb field of the positive ionic core and generalizes previous models of charge-transfer processes involving Rydberg atoms to the cases, when the multistate Landau-Zener approaches become inapplicable. Our calculations for {{Rb}}({nl}) atom perturbed by {{{C}}}2{{{H}}}4{{SO}}3, {{CH}}2{CHCN}, {{CH}}3{{NO}}2, {{CH}}3{CN}, {{{C}}}3{{{H}}}2{{{O}}}3, and {{{C}}}3{{{H}}}4{{{O}}}3 molecules show that the curves representing the dependence of the resonant quenching cross sections on the principal quantum number n are bell-shaped with the positions of maxima being shifted towards lower values of n and the peak values, {σ }{max}({{q})}, several times higher than those for the ion-pair formation, {σ }{max}({{i})}. We obtain a simple power relation between the energy of electron affinity of a molecule and the position of maximum in n-dependence of the resonant quenching cross section. It can be used as an additional means for determining small binding energies of dipole-bound anions from the experimental data on resonant quenching of Rydberg states by highly polar molecules.

  4. Interplay between single-particle and collective degrees of freedom in the excitation of the low-lying states in sup 142 Nd

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sandor, R.K.J.; Blok, H.P.; Harakeh, M.N. (Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Vrije Univ., Amsterdam (Netherlands)); Garg, U. (Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Vrije Univ., Amsterdam (Netherlands) Physics Dept., Univ. Notre Dame, IN (United States)); Jager, C.W. de; Vries, H. de (Nationaal Inst. voor Kernfysica en Hoge-Energie Fysica, Amsterdam (Netherlands)); Ponomarev, V.Yu.; Vdovin, A.I. (Lab. of Theoretical Physics, Joint Inst. for Nuclear Research Dubna, Moscow (USSR))

    1991-12-30

    The low-lying excited states in {sup 142}Nd were investigated by inelastic electron scattering. The momentum transfer range covered was 0.5-2.8 fm{sup -1}. Transition charge densities were extracted for natural-parity states from 0{sup +} up to 9{sup -} and up to an excitation energy of 3.5 MeV. For several new excited states spin and parity assignments have been suggested. The experimental transition charge densities have been interpreted with the aid of the quasiparticle-phonon model (QPM). The QPM is well-suited to investigate the contribution of collective and single-particle degrees of freedom to excited states in spherical nuclei. On the basis of the QPM calculations it is shown that in {sup 142}Nd both degrees of freedom play an important role, as well as the interplay between them. Both the strength distribution and the structure of the transition charge densities of the low-lying excited states are well described by the calculations. The origin of the structure in the nuclear interior usually predicted by microscopic calculations but not observed experimentally is explained. An argument for the proton number dependence of the excitation energy of the 3{sub 1}{sup -} state in the N=82 isotones is given. (orig.).

  5. Characterization of the low-lying 0+ and 2+ states in Ni68 via β decay of the low-spin Co68 isomer

    CERN Document Server

    Flavigny, F; Radulov, D; Darby, I J; De Witte, H; Diriken, J; Fedorov, D V; Fedosseev, V N; Fraile, L M; Huyse, M; Ivanov, V S; Köster, U; Marsh, B A; Otsuka, T; Popescu, L; Raabe, R; Seliverstov, M D; Shimizu, N; Sjödin, A M; Tsunoda, Y; Van den Bergh, P; Van Duppen, P; Van de Walle, J; Venhart, M; Walters, W B; Wimmer, K

    2015-01-01

    The low-energy structure of the neutron-rich nucleus Ni68 has been investigated by measuring the β decay of the low-spin isomer in Co68 selectively produced in the decay chain of Mn68. A revised level scheme has been built based on the clear identification of β-γ-E0 delayed coincidences. Transitions between the three lowest-lying 0+ and 2+ states are discussed on the basis of measured intensities or their upper limits for unobserved branches and state-of-the-art shell model calculations.

  6. Solvable quadratic Lie algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU; Linsheng

    2006-01-01

    A Lie algebra endowed with a nondegenerate, symmetric, invariant bilinear form is called a quadratic Lie algebra. In this paper, the author investigates the structure of solvable quadratic Lie algebras, in particular, the solvable quadratic Lie algebras whose Cartan subalgebras consist of semi-simple elements, the author presents a procedure to construct a class of quadratic Lie algebras from the point of view of cohomology and shows that all solvable quadratic Lie algebras can be obtained in this way.

  7. Fast Dynamical Evolution of Hadron Resonance Gas via Hagedorn States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beitel, M.; Gallmeister, K.; Greiner, C.

    2017-01-01

    Hagedorn states (HS) are a tool to model the hadronization process which occurs in the phase transition region between the quark gluon plasma (QGP) and the hadron resonance gas (HRG). These states are believed to appear near the Hagedorn temperature TH which in our understanding equals the critical temperature Tc . A covariantly formulated bootstrap equation is solved to generate the zoo of these particles characterized baryon number B, strangeness S and electric charge Q. These hadron-like resonances are characterized by being very massive and by not being limited to quantum numbers of known hadrons. All hadronic properties like masses, spectral functions etc. are taken from the hadronic transport model Ultra Relativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics (UrQMD). Decay chains of single Hagedorn states provide a well description of experimentally observed multiplicity ratios of strange and multi-strange particles as the Ξ0- and the Ω‑-baryon. In addition, the final energy spectra of resulting hadrons show a thermal-like distribution with the characteristic Hagedorn temperature TH . Box calculations including these Hagedorn states are performed. Indeed, the time scales leading to equilibration of the system are drastically reduced down to 2. . . 5 fm/c.

  8. A model electronic Hamiltonian to study low-lying electronic states of [Fe(bpy)3]2+ in aqueous solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iuchi, Satoru

    2012-02-14

    A simple model electronic Hamiltonian to describe the potential energy surfaces of several low-lying d-d states of the [Fe(bpy)(3)](2+) complex is developed for use in molecular dynamics (MD) simulation studies. On the basis of a method proposed previously for first-row transition metal ions in aqueous solution, the model Hamiltonian is constructed using density functional theory calculations for the lowest singlet and quintet states. MD simulations are then carried out for the two spin states in aqueous solution in order to examine the performance of the model Hamiltonian. The simulation results indicate that the present model electronic Hamiltonian reasonably describes the potential energy surfaces of the two spin states of the aqueous [Fe(bpy)(3)](2+) system, while retaining sufficient simplicity for application in simulation studies on excited state dynamics.

  9. Comprehensive theoretical studies on the low-lying electronic states of NiF, NiCl, NiBr, and NiI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Wenli; Liu, Wenjian

    2006-04-21

    The low-lying electronic states of the nickel monohalides, i.e., NiF, NiCl, NiBr, and NiI, are investigated by using multireference second-order perturbation theory with relativistic effects taken into account. For the energetically lowest 11 lambda-S states and 26 omega states there into, the potential energy curves and corresponding spectroscopic constants (vertical and adiabatic excitation energies, equilibrium bond lengths, vibrational frequencies, and rotational constants) are reported. The calculated results are grossly in very good agreement with those solid experimental data. In particular, the ground state of NiI is shown to be different from those of NiF, NiCl, and NiBr, being in line with the recent experimental observation. Detailed analyses are provided on those states that either have not been assigned or have been incorrectly assigned by previous experiments.

  10. Theoretical study on potential energy curves and spectroscopy properties of ground and low-lying excited electronic states of BrCl~+

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The calculations on the potential energy curves and spectroscopic constants of the ground and low-lying excited states of BrCl+,one of the important molecular ions in environment science,have been performed by using the multireference configuration interaction method at high level of theory in quantum chemistry.Through analyses of the effects of the spin-orbit coupling interaction on the elec-tronic structures and spectroscopic properties,the multiconfiguration characteristic of the X2Π ground state and low-lying excited states was established.The spin-orbit coupling splitting energy of the X2 Π ground state was calculated to be 1814 cm-1,close to the experimental value 2070 cm-1.The spin-orbit coupling splitting energy of the 2Π(Ⅱ) exited state was predicted to be 766 cm-1.The transition dipole moments and Frank-Condon factors of the 3/2(Ⅲ)-X3/2 and 1/2(Ⅲ)-1/2(I) transitions were estimated,and the radiative lifetimes of the two transitions were briefly discussed.

  11. Theoretical study on potential energy curves and spectroscopy properties of ground and low-lying excited electronic states of BrCl+

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG MingWei; WANG BingWu; CHEN ZhiDa

    2008-01-01

    The calculations on the potential energy curves and spectroscopic constants of the ground and low-lying excited states of BrCl+, one of the important molecular ions in environment science, have been performed by using the multireference configuration interaction method at high level of theory in quantum chemistry. Through analyses of the effects of the spin-orbit coupling interaction on the electronic structures and spectroscopic properties, the multiconfiguration characteristic of the X2∏ ground state and low-lying excited states was established. The spin-orbit coupling splitting energy of the X2∏ ground state was calculated to be 1814 cm-1, close to the experimental value 2070 cm-1. The spin-orbit coupling splitting energy of the 2∏(Ⅱ) exited state was predicted to be 766 cm-1. The transition dipole moments and Frank-Condon factors of the 3/2(Ⅲ)-X3/2 and 1/2(Ⅲ)-1/2(Ⅰ) transitions were estimated, and the radiative lifetimes of the two transitions were briefly discussed.

  12. [Diagnostic imaging of lying].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lass, Piotr; Sławek, Jarosław; Sitek, Emilia; Szurowska, Edyta; Zimmermann, Agnieszka

    2013-01-01

    Functional diagnostic imaging has been applied in neuropsychology for more than two decades. Nowadays, the functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) seems to be the most important technique. Brain imaging in lying has been performed and discussed since 2001. There are postulates to use fMRI for forensic purposes, as well as commercially, e.g. testing the loyalty of employees, especially because of the limitations of traditional polygraph in some cases. In USA fMRI is performed in truthfulness/lying assessment by at least two commercial companies. Those applications are a matter of heated debate of practitioners, lawyers and specialists of ethics. The opponents of fMRI use for forensic purposes indicate the lack of common agreement on it and the lack of wide recognition and insufficient standardisation. Therefore it cannot serve as a forensic proof, yet. However, considering the development of MRI and a high failure rate of traditional polygraphy, forensic applications of MRI seem to be highly probable in future.

  13. Nuclear structure of low-lying states in 60,62,64,66Zn — A shell model description

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rai, S.; Biswas, A.; Mukherjee, B.

    2016-11-01

    Shell model calculation has been performed for even-even 60,62,64,66Zn using NuShellX code in f5/2pg9/2 model space with two different effective Hamiltonians, viz. JUN45 and jj44b. The low-lying structure is studied up to angular momentum, I = 10ℏ by calculating level energies, reduced transition probabilities, occupation numbers, lifetimes, and quadrupole moments. The results of the calculations are compared with the available experimental data. It is observed that the inclusion of 1g9/2 orbital in the model space is essential to understand nuclear structure in these isotopes. Shell model calculation with an improved set of effective Hamiltonian parameters and inclusion of 1f7/2 orbital in the model space are necessary in order to produce finer agreement with the experimental observations.

  14. Lying despite telling the truth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiegmann, Alex; Samland, Jana; Waldmann, Michael R

    2016-05-01

    According to the standard definition of lying an utterance counts as a lie if the agent believes the statement to be false. Thus, according to this view it is possible that a lie states something that happens to be true. This subjective view on lying has recently been challenged by Turri and Turri (2015) who presented empirical evidence suggesting that people only consider statements as lies that are objectively false (objective view). We argue that the presented evidence is in fact consistent with the standard subjective view if conversational pragmatics is taken into account. Three experiments are presented that directly test and support the subjective view. An additional experiment backs up our pragmatic hypothesis by using the uncontroversial case of making a promise.

  15. Resonantly Trapped Bound State in the Continuum Laser

    CERN Document Server

    Lepetit, Thomas; Kodigala, Ashok; Bahari, Babak; Fainman, Yeshaiahu; Kanté, Boubacar

    2015-01-01

    Cavities play a fundamental role in wave phenomena from quantum mechanics to electromagnetism and dictate the spatiotemporal physics of lasers. In general, they are constructed by closing all "doors" through which waves can escape. We report, at room temperature, a bound state in the continuum laser that harnesses optical modes residing in the radiation continuum but nonetheless may possess arbitrarily high quality factors. These counterintuitive cavities are based on resonantly trapped symmetry-compatible modes that destructively interfere. Our experimental demonstration opens exciting avenues towards coherent sources with intriguing topological properties for optical trapping, biological imaging, and quantum communication.

  16. β decay of Si,4038 (Tz=+5 ,+6 ) to low-lying core excited states in odd-odd P,4038 isotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tripathi, Vandana; Lubna, R. S.; Abromeit, B.; Crawford, H. L.; Liddick, S. N.; Utsuno, Y.; Bender, P. C.; Crider, B. P.; Dungan, R.; Fallon, P.; Kravvaris, K.; Larson, N.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; Otsuka, T.; Prokop, C. J.; Richard, A. L.; Shimizu, N.; Tabor, S. L.; Volya, A.; Yoshida, S.

    2017-02-01

    Low-lying excited states in P,4038 have been identified in the β decay of Tz=+5 ,+6 , Si,4038. Based on the allowed nature of the Gamow-Teller (GT) decay observed, these states are assigned spin and parity of 1+ and are core-excited 1p1h intruder states with a parity opposite to the ground state. The occurrence of intruder states at low energies highlights the importance of pairing and quadrupole correlation energies in lowering the intruder states despite the N =20 shell gap. Configuration interaction shell model calculations with the state-of-art SDPF-MU effective interaction were performed to understand the structure of these 1p1h states in the even-A phosphorus isotopes. States in 40P with N =25 were found to have very complex configurations involving all the f p orbitals leading to deformed states as seen in neutron-rich nuclei with N ≈28 . The calculated GT matrix elements for the β decay highlight the dominance of the decay of the core neutrons rather than the valence neutrons.

  17. Stochastic Lie group integrators

    CERN Document Server

    Malham, Simon J A

    2007-01-01

    We present Lie group integrators for nonlinear stochastic differential equations with non-commutative vector fields whose solution evolves on a smooth finite dimensional manifold. Given a Lie group action that generates transport along the manifold, we pull back the stochastic flow on the manifold to the Lie group via the action, and subsequently pull back the flow to the corresponding Lie algebra via the exponential map. We construct an approximation to the stochastic flow in the Lie algebra via closed operations and then push back to the Lie group and then to the manifold, thus ensuring our approximation lies in the manifold. We call such schemes stochastic Munthe-Kaas methods after their deterministic counterparts. We also present stochastic Lie group integration schemes based on Castell--Gaines methods. These involve using an underlying ordinary differential integrator to approximate the flow generated by a truncated stochastic exponential Lie series. They become stochastic Lie group integrator schemes if...

  18. Staggering behavior of the low lying excited states of even-even nuclei in a Sp(4,R) classification scheme

    CERN Document Server

    Drenska, S B; Minkov, N

    2002-01-01

    We implement a high order discrete derivative analysis of the low lying collective energies of even-even nuclei with respect to the total number of valence nucleon pairs N in the framework of F- spin multiplets appearing in a symplectic sp(4,R) classification scheme. We find that for the nuclei of any given F- multiplet the respective experimental energies exhibit a Delta N=2 staggering behavior and for the nuclei of two united neighboring F- multiplets well pronounced Delta N=1 staggering patterns are observed. Those effects have been reproduced successfully through a generalized sp(4,R) model energy expression and explained in terms of the step-like changes in collective modes within the F- multiplets and the alternation of the F-spin projection in the united neighboring multiplets. On this basis we suggest that the observed Delta N=2 and Delta N=1 staggering effects carry detailed information about the respective systematic manifestation of both high order alpha - particle like quartetting of nucleons and ...

  19. Theoretical investigation of the ground and low-lying excited states of nickel carbide, NiC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tzeli, Demeter; Mavridis, Aristides

    2007-05-21

    The electronic structure and bonding of 19 states of the diatomic nickel carbide (NiC) has been studied by multireference methods. Potential energy curves have been constructed for all states, whereas for the three lowest states of symmetries X (1)Sigma(+), a (3)Pi, and A (1)Pi well separated from the rest of the states, special attention was paid through the use of very large basis sets and the calculation of core-valence correlation and scalar relativistic effects. The recommended binding energies for these states are 91, 67, and 54 kcal/mol with respect to the ground state atoms. Our results in general can be considered in fair agreement with the limited experimental findings.

  20. Multireference configuration interaction potential curve and analytical potential energy function of the ground and low-lying excited states of CdSe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Feng; Yang Chuan-Lu; Hu Zhen-Yan; Wang Mei-Shan

    2007-01-01

    The potential energy curves (PECs) of the ground state (3Π) and three low-lying excited states (1∑, 3∑,1Π) of CdSe dimer have been studied by emploging quasirelativistic effective core potentials on the basis of the complete active space self-consistent field method followed by multireference configuration interaction calculation. The four PECs are fitted to analytical potential energy functions using the Murrel-Sorbie potential function. Based on the PECs,the vibrational levels of the four states are determined by solving the Schr(o)dinger equation of nuclear motion, and corresponding spectroscopic contants are accurately calculated. The equilibrium positions as well as the spectroscopic constants and the vibrational levels are reported. By our analysis, the 3Π state, of which the dissociation asymptote is Cd(1S) + Se(3p), is identified as a ground state of CdSe dimer, and the corresponding dissociation energy is estimated to be 0.39eV. However, the first excited state is only 1132.49cm-1 above the ground state and the 3∑ state is the highest in the four calculated states.

  1. Efficient Symmetrized DMRG Algorithm for Low-lying Excited States of Conjugated Carbon Systems: Application to Coronene, Ovalene and 1,12-Benzoperylene

    CERN Document Server

    Prodhan, Suryoday; Ramasesha, S

    2016-01-01

    Symmetry adapted density matrix renormalization group (SDMRG) technique has been an efficient method for studying low-lying eigenstates in one- and quasi-one dimensional electronic systems. However, SDMRG method had bottlenecks involving construction of linearly independent symmetry adapted basis states as the symmetry matrices in the DMRG basis were not sparse. We have developed a modified algorithm to overcome this bottleneck. The new method incorporates end-to-end interchange symmetry ($C_2$), electron- hole symmetry (J) and parity symmetry (P ) in these calculations. The one-to-one correspondence between direct-product basis states in the DMRG Hilbert space for these symmetry operations renders the symmetry matrices in the new basis with maximum sparseness, just one non-zero matrix element per row. Using methods similar to those employed in exact diagonalization technique for Pariser-Parr-Pople (PPP) models, developed in the eighties, it is possible to construct orthogonal SDMRG basis states while bypassi...

  2. Three-dimensional angular momentum projected relativistic point-coupling approach for the low-lying excited states in $^{24}$Mg

    CERN Document Server

    Yao, J M; Arteaga, D Pena; Ring, P; 10.1088/0256-307X/25/10/024

    2008-01-01

    A full three-dimensional angular momentum projection on top of a triaxial relativistic mean-Geld calculation is implemented for the first time. The underlying Lagrangian is a point coupling model and pairing correlations are taken into account by a monopole force. This method is applied for the low-lying excited states in 24Mg. Good agreement with the experimental data is found for the ground state properties. A minimum in the potential energy surface for the 2+ state, with beta = 0.55, gamma = 10 deg, is used as the basis to investigate the rotational energy spectrum as well as the corresponding B(E2) transition probabilities as compared to the available data.

  3. The study of disk resonators diode modules, solid-state generators active

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. A. Kotserzhinskii

    1987-12-01

    Full Text Available The results of an experimental study of disk resonators diode modules, solid-state active microwave generators. The effect of current leads, as well as errors in the manufacture of resonators their characteristics.

  4. State-resolved study of keV sputtered neutral atoms by resonance ionization spectroscopy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He, C.; Postawa, Z.; Rosencrance, S.; Chatterjee, R.; Garrison, B.J.; Winograd, N. [Department of Chemistry, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802 (United States)

    1995-04-01

    We have performed simultaneous measurements of energy-, and angle-resolved distributions of Ni atoms desorbed from a single crystal Ni{l_brace}100{r_brace} surface bombarded by 5 keV Ar{sup +} ions. Ground state and six low-lying excited states from the {ital a}{sup 3}{ital F}{sub {ital J}} ({ital J}=4,3,2) and {ital a}{sup 3}{ital D}{sub {ital J}} ({ital J}=3,2,1) manifolds as well as {ital a}{sup 1}{ital D}{sub 2} have been investigated along different azimuths. Both {ital a}{sup 3}{ital F}{sub {ital J}} and {ital a}{sup 1}{ital D}{sub 2} states have closed shell electronic structure, 3{ital d}{sup 8}4{ital s}{sup 2}, while the {ital a}{sup 3}{ital D}{sub {ital J}} states are open shell electronic states, 3{ital d}{sup 9}4{ital s}{sup 1}. Angle-integrated energy distributions demonstrate a strong dependence on the electronic structure while the magnitude of the excitation energy does not significantly alter the results. This is the first conclusive evidence that electronic structure rather than excitation energy is the primary factor in determining kinetic energy distributions of sputtered neutral species. Population distribution among the seven electronic states are obtained through two sets of measurements performed on two experimental apparati: one measures the energy- and angle-integrated resonance ionization signal intensities of the sputtered Ni; the other measures the resonance ionization signal intensities of thermally evaporated Ni atoms with a known heating temperature. The experiment results show that the population distribution is very different from Boltzman-type distribution with {ital a}{sup 3}{ital D}{sub 3} and {ital a}{sup 3}{ital D}{sub 2} states more intensely populated. The work also illustrates the power of RIS to perform quantum state specific measurements on fast moving atoms. {copyright} 1995 {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}

  5. Application of electric field ionization method to detect the high-lying Rydberg states of Eu I

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun Xie; Changjian Dai; Ming Li

    2011-01-01

    @@ The 4f76s(9S)np 8PJ (J = 5/2, 7/2, 9/2) Rydberg series converging to the first ionization limit 4f76s 9S4 of the Eu atom using the three-step laser excitation and electric-field-ionization (EFI) method are studied.First, the Eu atom is excited from the 4f76s2 8So7/2 ground state to the 4f76s7s 8So7/2 state through the 4f76s6p 10P9/2 state by the first two dye lasers.Next, it is populated to many higher-n members of the 4f76s(9S)np 8pJ Rydberg series by the third dye laser whose wavelength is scanned within a certain range.%The 4f76s(9S)np 8PJ (J = 5/2, 7/2, 9/2) Rydberg series converging to the first ionization limit 4f76s 9S4 of the Eu atom using the three-step laser excitation and electric-field-ionization (EFI) method are studied.First, the Eu atom is excited from the 4f76s2 8S7o/2 ground state to the 4f76s7s 8S7o/2 state through the 4f76s6p 10P9/2 state by the first two dye lasers. Next, it is populated to many higher-n members of the 4f76s(9S)np 8pJ Rydberg series by the third dye laser whose wavelength is scanned within a certain range.Finally, the atom in these higher-n states is ionized by the external pulsed electric field. With the field strength up to 2 kV/cm, we can detect the atom in 4f76s(9S)np 8pJ states with n ≥ 40. With the given laser line width, the level energies of Rydberg states with n as high as 72 can be determined. We not only confirm the previous data on the 4f76s(9S) np 8pJ Rydberg series, but also extend the n-value assignment significantly by detecting more states.

  6. Energetics and dynamics of the low-lying electronic states of constrained polyenes: implications for infinite polyenes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christensen, Ronald L; Enriquez, Miriam M; Wagner, Nicole L; Peacock-Villada, Alexandra Y; Scriban, Corina; Schrock, Richard R; Polívka, Tomáš; Frank, Harry A; Birge, Robert R

    2013-02-21

    Steady-state and ultrafast transient absorption spectra were obtained for a series of conformationally constrained, isomerically pure polyenes with 5-23 conjugated double bonds (N). These data and fluorescence spectra of the shorter polyenes reveal the N dependence of the energies of six (1)B(u)(+) and two (1)A(g)(-) excited states. The (1)B(u)(+) states converge to a common infinite polyene limit of 15,900 ± 100 cm(-1). The two excited (1)A(g)(-) states, however, exhibit a large (~9000 cm(-1)) energy difference in the infinite polyene limit, in contrast to the common value previously predicted by theory. EOM-CCSD ab initio and MNDO-PSDCI semiempirical MO theories account for the experimental transition energies and intensities. The complex, multistep dynamics of the 1(1)B(u)(+) → 2(1)A(g)(-) → 1(1)A(g)(-) excited state decay pathways as a function of N are compared with kinetic data from several natural and synthetic carotenoids. Distinctive transient absorption signals in the visible region, previously identified with S* states in carotenoids, also are observed for the longer polyenes. Analysis of the lifetimes of the 2(1)A(g)(-) states, using the energy gap law for nonradiative decay, reveals remarkable similarities in the N dependence of the 2(1)A(g)(-) decay kinetics of the carotenoid and polyene systems. These findings are important for understanding the mechanisms by which carotenoids carry out their roles as light-harvesting molecules and photoprotective agents in biological systems.

  7. The low-lying electronic states and optical schemes for the laser cooling of the BH(+) and BH(-) ions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qing-Qing; Yang, Chuan-Lu; Wang, Mei-Shan; Ma, Xiao-Guang; Liu, Wen-Wang

    2017-07-05

    The potential energy curves and transition dipole moments for the 1(2)Σ(+), 2(2)Σ(+), 1(2)Π and 2(2)Π electronic states of the two molecules are calculated using multi-reference configuration interaction and the large basis sets aug-cc-pwCV5Z. Based on the obtained potential energy curves, the rotational and vibrational energy levels of the states are obtained by solving the Schrödinger equation of nuclear motion, and the spectroscopic parameters are then obtained by fitting the energy levels to Dunham series expansions. The spin-orbit coupling effect of the (2)Π states for both the BH(+) cation and BH(-) anion are calculated. Highly diagonally distributed Franck-Condon factors are determined for the 1(2)Σ(+) (v″=0)↔1(2)Π (v'=0) transition, ƒ00 (BH(+))=0.943, while the Franck-Condon factors for the 1(2)Π (v″=0)↔1(2)Σ(+) (v'=0) transition is ƒ00 (BH(-))=0.942. Moreover, the radiative lifetime of 38.2ns for the excited 1(2)Π state of the BH(+) and 91.8ns for the 1(2)Σ(+) state of the BH(-) are obtained, which are short enough for rapid laser cooling. A three-step optical scheme of the laser cooling is constructed for either the BH(+) cation or the BH(-) anion. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. The low-lying electronic states and optical schemes for the laser cooling of the BH+ and BH- ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qing-Qing; Yang, Chuan-Lu; Wang, Mei-Shan; Ma, Xiao-Guang; Liu, Wen-Wang

    2017-07-01

    The potential energy curves and transition dipole moments for the 12Σ+, 22Σ+, 12Π and 22Π electronic states of the two molecules are calculated using multi-reference configuration interaction and the large basis sets aug-cc-pwCV5Z. Based on the obtained potential energy curves, the rotational and vibrational energy levels of the states are obtained by solving the Schrödinger equation of nuclear motion, and the spectroscopic parameters are then obtained by fitting the energy levels to Dunham series expansions. The spin-orbit coupling effect of the 2Π states for both the BH+ cation and BH- anion are calculated. Highly diagonally distributed Franck-Condon factors are determined for the 12Σ+ (v″ = 0) ↔ 12Π (v‧ = 0) transition, ƒ00 (BH+) = 0.943, while the Franck-Condon factors for the 12Π (v″ = 0) ↔ 12Σ+ (v‧ = 0) transition is ƒ00 (BH-) = 0.942. Moreover, the radiative lifetime of 38.2 ns for the excited 12Π state of the BH+ and 91.8 ns for the 12Σ+ state of the BH- are obtained, which are short enough for rapid laser cooling. A three-step optical scheme of the laser cooling is constructed for either the BH+ cation or the BH- anion.

  9. Resonance X(5568) as an exotic axial-vector state

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agaev, S.S. [Baku State University, Institute for Physical Problems, Baku (Azerbaijan); Azizi, K. [Dogus University, Department of Physics, Istanbul (Turkey); Barsbay, B.; Sundu, H. [Kocaeli University, Department of Physics, Izmit (Turkey)

    2017-01-15

    The mass and meson-current coupling constant of the resonance X(5568), as well as the width of the decay X(5568) → B{sub s}{sup *}π are calculated by modeling the exotic X(5568) resonance as a diquark-antidiquark state X{sub b} = [su][bd] with quantum numbers J{sup P} = 1{sup +}. The calculations are made employing QCD two-point sum rule method, where the quark, gluon and mixed vacuum condensates up to dimension eight are taken into account. The sum rule approach on the light-cone in its soft-meson approximation is used to explore the vertex X{sub b}B{sub s}{sup *}π and extract the strong coupling g{sub X{sub bB{sub s{sup *}π}}}, which is a necessary ingredient to find the width of the X{sub b} → B{sub s}{sup *}π{sup +} decay process. The obtained predictions are compared with the experimental data of the D0 Collaboration, and results of other theoretical works. (orig.)

  10. Fragmentation of low-lying hexadecapole states in even /sup 74 -82/Se and a RPA calculation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ogino, K.; Kadota, Y.; Haga, H. (Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Engineering); Matsuki, S.; Higo, T.; Shiba, T. (Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Inst. for Chemical Research); Sakamoto, N. (Nara Women' s Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics); Okuma, Y. (Osaka Univ. (Japan). Research Center for Nuclear Physics); Yanabu, T. (Kanazawa Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Education)

    1983-10-20

    The level schemes of the even /sup 74 -82/Se up to Esub(X)=5.0 MeV have been investigated with high-resolution inelastic proton scattering at Esub(p)=64.8 MeV. Several 4/sup +/ states with comparable strengths were found at Esub(X)=2.0-5.0 MeV in all isotopes studied. The energy weighted sum-rule fraction of the 4/sup +/ states in this region increases with decreasing neutron number from /sup 82/Se (1.0%) up to /sup 76/Se (3.7%), and then decreases in /sup 74/Se (2.6%). A RPA calculation with a pairing plus hexadecapole-hexadecapole interaction can well reproduce the distribution of the excitation energies and transition strengths for the hexadecapole states.

  11. Ab initio transition dipole moments and potential energy curves for the low-lying electronic states of CaH

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shayesteh, Alireza; Alavi, S. Fatemeh; Rahman, Moloud; Gharib-Nezhad, Ehsan

    2017-01-01

    Ab initio potential energy curves have been calculated for the X2Σ+, A2Π, B2Σ+, 12Δ, E2Π and D2Σ+ states of CaH using the multi-reference configuration interaction method with large active space and basis sets. Transition dipole moments were calculated at Ca-H distances from 2.0 a0 to 14.0 a0, and excited state lifetimes were obtained. Our theoretical transition dipole moments can be combined with the available experimental data on the X2Σ+, A2Π and B2Σ+ states to calculate Einstein A coefficients for all rovibronic transitions of CaH appearing in solar and stellar spectra.

  12. Isospin Character of Low-Lying Pygmy Dipole States in Pb208 via Inelastic Scattering of O17 Ions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crespi, F. C. L.; Bracco, A.; Nicolini, R.; Mengoni, D.; Pellegri, L.; Lanza, E. G.; Leoni, S.; Maj, A.; Kmiecik, M.; Avigo, R.; Benzoni, G.; Blasi, N.; Boiano, C.; Bottoni, S.; Brambilla, S.; Camera, F.; Ceruti, S.; Giaz, A.; Million, B.; Morales, A. I.; Vandone, V.; Wieland, O.; Bednarczyk, P.; Ciemała, M.; Grebosz, J.; Krzysiek, M.; Mazurek, K.; Zieblinski, M.; Bazzacco, D.; Bellato, M.; Birkenbach, B.; Bortolato, D.; Calore, E.; Cederwall, B.; Charles, L.; de Angelis, G.; Désesquelles, P.; Eberth, J.; Farnea, E.; Gadea, A.; Görgen, A.; Gottardo, A.; Isocrate, R.; Jolie, J.; Jungclaus, A.; Karkour, N.; Korten, W.; Menegazzo, R.; Michelagnoli, C.; Molini, P.; Napoli, D. R.; Pullia, A.; Recchia, F.; Reiter, P.; Rosso, D.; Sahin, E.; Salsac, M. D.; Siebeck, B.; Siem, S.; Simpson, J.; Söderström, P.-A.; Stezowski, O.; Theisen, Ch.; Ur, C.; Valiente-Dobón, J. J.

    2014-07-01

    The properties of pygmy dipole states in Pb208 were investigated using the Pb208(O17, O17'γ) reaction at 340 MeV and measuring the γ decay with high resolution with the AGATA demonstrator array. Cross sections and angular distributions of the emitted γ rays and of the scattered particles were measured. The results are compared with (γ, γ') and (p, p') data. The data analysis with the distorted wave Born approximation approach gives a good description of the elastic scattering and of the inelastic excitation of the 2+ and 3- states. For the dipole transitions a form factor obtained by folding a microscopically calculated transition density was used for the first time. This has allowed us to extract the isoscalar component of the 1- excited states from 4 to 8 MeV.

  13. Isospin character of low-lying pygmy dipole states in 208Pb via inelastic scattering of 17O ions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crespi, F C L; Bracco, A; Nicolini, R; Mengoni, D; Pellegri, L; Lanza, E G; Leoni, S; Maj, A; Kmiecik, M; Avigo, R; Benzoni, G; Blasi, N; Boiano, C; Bottoni, S; Brambilla, S; Camera, F; Ceruti, S; Giaz, A; Million, B; Morales, A I; Vandone, V; Wieland, O; Bednarczyk, P; Ciemała, M; Grebosz, J; Krzysiek, M; Mazurek, K; Zieblinski, M; Bazzacco, D; Bellato, M; Birkenbach, B; Bortolato, D; Calore, E; Cederwall, B; Charles, L; de Angelis, G; Désesquelles, P; Eberth, J; Farnea, E; Gadea, A; Görgen, A; Gottardo, A; Isocrate, R; Jolie, J; Jungclaus, A; Karkour, N; Korten, W; Menegazzo, R; Michelagnoli, C; Molini, P; Napoli, D R; Pullia, A; Recchia, F; Reiter, P; Rosso, D; Sahin, E; Salsac, M D; Siebeck, B; Siem, S; Simpson, J; Söderström, P-A; Stezowski, O; Theisen, Ch; Ur, C; Valiente-Dobón, J J

    2014-07-04

    The properties of pygmy dipole states in 208Pb were investigated using the 208Pb(17O, 17O'γ) reaction at 340 MeV and measuring the γ decay with high resolution with the AGATA demonstrator array. Cross sections and angular distributions of the emitted γ rays and of the scattered particles were measured. The results are compared with (γ, γ') and (p, p') data. The data analysis with the distorted wave Born approximation approach gives a good description of the elastic scattering and of the inelastic excitation of the 2+ and 3- states. For the dipole transitions a form factor obtained by folding a microscopically calculated transition density was used for the first time. This has allowed us to extract the isoscalar component of the 1- excited states from 4 to 8 MeV.

  14. An Ab Initio Study of the Low-Lying Doublet States of AgO and AgS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauschlicher, Charles W., Jr.; Partridge, Harry; Langhoff, Stephen R.

    1990-01-01

    Spectroscopic constants (D(sub o), r(sub e), mu(sub e), T(sub e)) are determined for the doublet states of AgO and AgS below approx. = 30000/cm. Large valence basis sets are employed in conjunction with relativistic effective core potentials (RECPs). Electron correlation is included using the modified coupled-pair functional (MCPF) and multireference configuration interaction (MRCI) methods. The A(sup 2)Sigma(sup +) - X(sup 2)Pi band system is found to occur in the near infrared (approx. = 9000/cm) and to be relatively weak with a radiative lifetime of 900 microns for A(sup 2)Sigma(sup +) (upsilon = 0). The weakly bound C(sup 2)Pi state (our notation), the upper state of the blue system, is found to require high levels of theoretical treatment to determine a quantitatively accurate potential. The red system is assigned as a transition from the C(sup 2)Pi state to the previously unobserved A(sup 2)Sigma(sup +) state. Several additional transitions are identified that should be detectable experimentally. A more limited study is performed for the vertical excitation spectrum of AgS. In addition, a detailed all-electron study of the X(sup 2)Pi and A(sup 2)Sigma(sup +) states of AgO is carried out using large atomic natural orbital (ANO) basis sets. Our best calculated D(sub o) value for AgO is significantly less than the experimental value, which suggests that there may be some systematic error in the experimental determination.

  15. Matrix elements in the coupled-cluster approach - With application to low-lying states in Li

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martensson-Pendrill, Ann-Marie; Ynnerman, Anders

    1990-01-01

    A procedure is suggested for evaluating matrix elements of an operator between wavefunctions in the coupled-cluster form. The use of the exponential ansatz leads to compact exponential expressions also for matrix elements. Algorithms are developed for summing all effects of one-particle clusters and certain chains of two-particle clusters (containing the well-known random-phase approximation as a subset). The treatment of one-particle perturbations in single valence states is investigated in detail. As examples the oscillator strength for the 2s-2p transition in Li as well as the hyperfine structure for the two states are studied and compared to earlier work.

  16. Relativistic energy, fine structure and hyperfine structure of the low-lying excited states for Be-like system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Meng; Gou Bing-Cong

    2005-01-01

    Variational calculations are carried out with a multiconfiguration-interaction wavefunction on the 1s22p2p 1De and 1s22p3p 3pe states to obtain the energies including the mass polarization and relativistic corrections for the beryllium isoelectronic sequence (Z=4-10). The oscillator strengths, transition rates and wavelengths are also calculated. Our results are compared with other theoretical and experimental data in the literatures. The fine structure and hyperfine structure of 1s22p3p 3pe state are also explored.

  17. Gravitating fluids with Lie symmetries

    CERN Document Server

    Msomi, A M; Maharaj, S D

    2010-01-01

    We analyse the underlying nonlinear partial differential equation which arises in the study of gravitating flat fluid plates of embedding class one. Our interest in this equation lies in discussing new solutions that can be found by means of Lie point symmetries. The method utilised reduces the partial differential equation to an ordinary differential equation according to the Lie symmetry admitted. We show that a class of solutions found previously can be characterised by a particular Lie generator. Several new families of solutions are found explicitly. In particular we find the relevant ordinary differential equation for all one-dimensional optimal subgroups; in several cases the ordinary differential equation can be solved in general. We are in a position to characterise particular solutions with a linear barotropic equation of state.

  18. Lies and Deception: A Failed Reconciliation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broncano-Berrocal, Fernando

    2013-01-01

    The traditional view of lying says that lying is a matter of intending to deceive others by making statements that one believes to be false. Jennifer Lackey has recently defended the following version of the traditional view: A lies to B just in case (i) A states that p to B, (ii) A believes that...... is false and (iii) A intends to be deceptive to B in stating that p. I argue that, despite all the virtues that Lackey ascribes to her view, conditions (i), (ii) and (iii) are not sufficient for lying.......The traditional view of lying says that lying is a matter of intending to deceive others by making statements that one believes to be false. Jennifer Lackey has recently defended the following version of the traditional view: A lies to B just in case (i) A states that p to B, (ii) A believes that p...

  19. A CCBA description of the (p, t) reaction to low-lying O+ states in the Ge isotopes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Becker, A.; Alderliesten, C.; Bakkum, E.A.; Borg, K. van der; Engelen, C.P.M. van; Zybert, L.; Kamermans, R.

    1982-01-01

    Differential cross sections for the (p, t) reaction to 0+ states in the even Ge isotopes have been measured at an incident energy (Ep = 13 MeV) where the triton energy is below the Coulomb barrier. The data are described by a coupled-channels calculation with wave functions consisting of neutron

  20. Resonant-state expansion for a simple dispersive medium

    CERN Document Server

    Doost, M B; Muljarov, E A

    2015-01-01

    The resonant-state expansion (RSE), a rigorous perturbative method developed in electrodynamics for non-dispersive optical systems is applied to media with an Ohm's law dispersion, in which the frequency dependent part of the permittivity scales inversely with the frequency, corresponding to a frequency-independent conductivity. This dispersion has only a single pole at zero frequency, which is already present in the non-dispersive RSE, allowing to maintain not only the linearity of the eigenvalue problem of the RSE but also its size. Media which can be described by this dispersion over the relevant frequency range, such as optical glass or doped semiconductors, can be treated in the RSE without additional complexity. Results are presented using analytically solvable homogeneous spheres, for doped silicon and BK7 glass, both for a perturbation of the system going from non-dispersive to dispersive media and the reverse, from dispersive to non-dispersive media.

  1. Multinuclear solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance of inorganic materials

    CERN Document Server

    MacKenzie, Kenneth J D

    2002-01-01

    Techniques of solid state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy are constantly being extended to a more diverse range of materials, pressing into service an ever-expanding range of nuclides including some previously considered too intractable to provide usable results. At the same time, new developments in both hardware and software are being introduced and refined. This book covers the most important of these new developments. With sections addressed to non-specialist researchers (providing accessible answers to the most common questions about the theory and practice of NMR asked by novices) as well as a more specialised and up-to-date treatment of the most important areas of inorganic materials research to which NMR has application, this book should be useful to NMR users whatever their level of expertise and whatever inorganic materials they wish to study.

  2. Strong reflection and periodic resonant transmission of helical edge states in topological-insulator stub-like resonators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takagaki, Y. [Paul-Drude-Institut für Festkörperelektronik, Hausvogteiplatz 5-7, 10117 Berlin (Germany)

    2015-08-07

    The helical edge states of two-dimensional topological insulators (TIs) experience appreciable quantum mechanical scattering in narrow channels when the width changes abruptly. The interference of the geometry scattering in narrow-wide-narrow waveguide structures is shown to give rise to the strong suppression of transmission when the incident energy is barely above the propagation threshold. Periodic resonant transmission takes place in this high reflection regime while the length of the wide section is varied. The resonance condition is governed by the transverse confinement in the wide section, where the form of quantization is manifested to differ for the two orthogonal directions. The confined energy levels in TI quantum dots are derived based on this observation. In addition, the off-diagonal spin-orbit term is found to produce an anomalous resonance state, which merges with the bottom ordinary resonance state to annihilate.

  3. Spectroscopic parameters of the low-lying electronic states and laser cooling feasibility of NH+ cation and NH- anion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qing-Qing; Yang, Chuan-Lu; Wang, Mei-Shan; Ma, Xiao-Guang; Liu, Wen-Wang

    2017-10-01

    The potential energy curves and transition dipole moments of 12Σ+, 22Σ+, 12Π and 22Π states of NH+ cation and NH- anion are calculated by using multi-reference configuration interaction method and large all-electron basis sets. Based on the obtained potential energy curves, the rotational and vibrational energy levels of the states are obtained by solving the Schrödinger equation of nuclear movement. The calculated spectroscopic parameters for NH+ cation and NH- anion are in good agreement with available theoretical and experimental results. The spin orbit coupling effect of the 2Π states for both NH+ cation and NH- anion are calculated. The feasibility of laser cooling of the two molecules is examined by using the results of the molecular structure and spectroscopy. The highly diagonal Franck-Condon factors for the 12Π (v″ = 0) ↔ 12Σ+ (v‧ = 0) transition of NH+ and NH- are 0.821 and 0.999, while the radiative lifetimes of the 12Σ+ (v‧ = 0) state for the two molecules are 384 ns and 52.4 ns, respectively. The results indicate that NH+ cation and NH- anion are good candidate molecules for laser cooling. The cooling scheme via Sisyphus process for the NH+ cation and NH- anion are proposed in the paper. The laser wavelengths for the close cycles of the absorption and radiation are also determined. Unfortunately, the potential energy curve of the ground state of the neutral NH molecule shows that the auto-detachment of NH- anion is possible, implying the optical scheme of laser cooling for NH- anion is not easy to achieve in the experiment although it has larger Franck-Condon factor.

  4. Spectroscopic parameters of the low-lying electronic states and laser cooling feasibility of NH(+) cation and NH(-) anion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Qing-Qing; Yang, Chuan-Lu; Wang, Mei-Shan; Ma, Xiao-Guang; Liu, Wen-Wang

    2017-10-05

    The potential energy curves and transition dipole moments of 1(2)Σ(+), 2(2)Σ(+), 1(2)Π and 2(2)Π states of NH(+) cation and NH(-) anion are calculated by using multi-reference configuration interaction method and large all-electron basis sets. Based on the obtained potential energy curves, the rotational and vibrational energy levels of the states are obtained by solving the Schrödinger equation of nuclear movement. The calculated spectroscopic parameters for NH(+) cation and NH(-) anion are in good agreement with available theoretical and experimental results. The spin orbit coupling effect of the (2)Π states for both NH(+) cation and NH(-) anion are calculated. The feasibility of laser cooling of the two molecules is examined by using the results of the molecular structure and spectroscopy. The highly diagonal Franck-Condon factors for the 1(2)Π (v″=0)↔1(2)Σ(+) (v'=0) transition of NH(+) and NH(-) are 0.821 and 0.999, while the radiative lifetimes of the 1(2)Σ(+) (v'=0) state for the two molecules are 384ns and 52.4ns, respectively. The results indicate that NH(+) cation and NH(-) anion are good candidate molecules for laser cooling. The cooling scheme via Sisyphus process for the NH(+) cation and NH(-) anion are proposed in the paper. The laser wavelengths for the close cycles of the absorption and radiation are also determined. Unfortunately, the potential energy curve of the ground state of the neutral NH molecule shows that the auto-detachment of NH(-) anion is possible, implying the optical scheme of laser cooling for NH(-) anion is not easy to achieve in the experiment although it has larger Franck-Condon factor. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. Effects of low-lying excitations on ground-state energy and energy gap of the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick model in a transverse field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koh, Yang Wei

    2016-04-01

    We present an extensive numerical study of the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick model in a transverse field. Recent numerical studies of quantum spin glasses have focused on exact diagonalization of the full Hamiltonian for small systems (≈20 spins). However, such exact numerical treatments are difficult to apply on larger systems. We propose making an approximation by using only a subspace of the full Hilbert space spanned by low-lying excitations consisting of one-spin-flipped and two-spin-flipped states. The approximation procedure is carried out within the theoretical framework of the Hartree-Fock approximation and configuration interaction. Although not exact, our approach allows us to study larger system sizes comparable to that achievable by state-of-the-art quantum Monte Carlo simulations. We calculate two quantities of interest due to recent advances in quantum annealing, the ground-state energy and the energy gap between the ground and first excited states. For the energy gap, we derive a formula that enables it to be calculated using just the ground-state wave function, thereby circumventing the need to diagonalize the Hamiltonian. We calculate the scalings of the energy gap and the leading correction to the extensive part of the ground-state energy with system size, which are difficult to obtain with current methods.

  6. Resonance and non-resonance effect of continuum states of 6Li on elastic scattering angular distributions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez Camacho, A.

    2016-07-01

    CDCC calculations of elastic scattering angular distributions for reactions of the weakly bound projectile 6Li with targets 28Si and 58Ni at energies around the Coulomb barrier are presented. Special emphasis is given to account for the effect of couplings from 6Li resonance states l = 2, J π = 3+, 2+, 1+. Similarly, the effect produced by non-resonant state couplings is studied. The convergent calculations are carried out with global α-target and d-target interactions. The calculated elastic scattering angular distributions are in general in good agreement with the measurements for the systems considered in this work. It is found that the calculations with only resonance states are very similar to that with all couplings (resonance+non-resonance). So, the absence of these states have a strong effect on elastic scattering (non-resonance states calculation). It is shown that the effects increase as the collision energy increases. An interpretation of the strength of the different effects is given in terms of the polarization potentials that emerge from the different couplings.

  7. Lying with Maps

    OpenAIRE

    Monmonier, Mark

    2005-01-01

    Darrell Huff’s How to Lie with Statistics was the inspiration for How to Lie with Maps, in which the author showed that geometric distortion and graphic generalization of data are unavoidable elements of cartographic representation. New examples of how ill-conceived or deliberately contrived statistical maps can greatly distort geographic reality demonstrate that lying with maps is a special case of lying with statistics. Issues addressed include the effects of map scale on geometry and featu...

  8. Properties of low-lying intruder states in 34Aland 34Sipopulated in the beta-decay of 34Mg

    CERN Document Server

    Lică, R; Negoită, F; Grévy, S; Mărginean, N; Desagne, Ph; Stora, T; Borcea, C; Borcea, R; Călinescu, S; Daugas, J M; Filipescu, D; Kuti, I; Fraile, L M; Franchoo, S; Gheorghe, I; Ghită, D G; Mărginean, R; Mihai, C; Mourface, P; Morel, P; Mrazek, J; Negret, A; Pietreanu, D; Sava, T; Sohler, D; Stănoiu, M; Stefan, I; Şuvăilă, R; Toma, S; Ur, C A

    2015-01-01

    The results of the IS530 experiment at ISOLDE revealed new information concerning several nuclei close to the N ≈ 20 'Island of Inversion' - 34Mg, 34Al, 34Si. The half-life of 34Mgwas found to be three times larger than the adopted value (63(1) ms instead of 20(10) ms). The beta-gamma spectroscopy of 34Mgperformed for the first time in this experiment, led to the first experimental level scheme for 34Al, also showing that the full beta strength goes through the predicted 1+ isomer in 34Al[1] and/or excited states that deexcite to it. The subsequent beta-decay of the 1+ isomer in 34Alallowed the observation of new gamma lines in 34Si, (tentatively) associated with low-spin high-energy excited states previously unobserved.

  9. A study of the low-lying singlet and triplet electronic states of chlorophyll A and B

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etinski Mihajlo

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Chlorophylls have been extensively investigated both experimentally and theoretically owing to the fact that they are essential for photosynthesis. We have studied two forms of chlorophyll, chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b, by means of density functional theory. Optimization of S0, S1 and T1 states was performed with the B3-LYP functional. The computed fluorescence lifetimes show good agreement with the available experimental data. The electronic adiabatic energies of S1 and T1 states are 2.09/2.12 and 1.19/1.29 eV for chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b respectively. We discussed the implications of this results on the triplet formation. Also, the calculated vertical ionization potentials shows good agreement with the experimental results. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Reoublike Srbije, br. 172040

  10. Experimental Study of Two-Alpha Emission from High-Lying Excited States of 17'18^Ne

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐新星; 林承键; 贾会明; 杨峰; 贾飞; 吴振东; 张世涛; 刘祖华; 张焕乔; 徐瑚珊; 孙志宇; 王建松; 胡正国; 王猛; 陈若富; 张雪荧; 李琛; 雷祥国; 徐治国; 肖国青

    2012-01-01

    The experiments of two-alpha emission from 17,18^Ne excited levels were performed at the HIRFL-RIBLL facility of the Institute of Modern Physics, Lanzhou. The beams of 17^Ne at the energy of 49.9 MeV/u and lSNe at 51.8 MeV/u bombarded a 197Au target to populate excited states of 17,18^Ne via Coulomb excitation. Complete kinematics measurements were achieved by the detectors of a silicon strip and CsI+PIN array. The experimental results combined with simple MC simulations show the characteristic of sequential two-alpha emission via 140 excited states for lSNe. The results of two-alpha emission from 17^Ne are preliminary and need further analyses.

  11. Solid state optical refrigeration using stark manifold resonances in crystals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seletskiy, Denis V.; Epstein, Richard; Hehlen, Markus P.; Sheik-Bahae, Mansoor

    2017-02-21

    A method and device for cooling electronics is disclosed. The device includes a doped crystal configured to resonate at a Stark manifold resonance capable of cooling the crystal to a temperature of from about 110K to about 170K. The crystal host resonates in response to input from an excitation laser tuned to exploit the Stark manifold resonance corresponding to the cooling of the crystal.

  12. Excited state proton transfer dynamics of thioacetamide in S2(ππ*) state: resonance Raman spectroscopic and quantum mechanical calculations study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiao; Zhao, Yanying; Zhang, Haibo; Xue, Jiadan; Zheng, Xuming

    2015-02-05

    The photophysics and photochemistry of thioacetamide (CH3CSNH2) after excitation to the S2 electronic state were investigated by using resonance Raman spectroscopy in conjunction with the complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) method and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The A-band resonance Raman spectra in acetonitrile, methanol, and water were obtained at 299.1, 282.4, 266.0, 252.7, and 245.9 nm excitation wavelengths to probe the structural dynamics of thioacetamide in the S2 state. CASSCF calculations were done to determine the transition energies and structures of the lower-lying excited states, the conical intersection points CI(S2/S1) and CI(S1/S0), and intersystem crossing points. The structural dynamics of thioacetamide in the S2 state was revealed to be along eight Franck-Condon active vibrational modes ν15, ν11, ν14, ν10, ν8, ν12, ν18, and ν19, mostly in the CC/CS/CN stretches and the CNH8,9/CCH5,6,7/CCN/CCS in-plane bends as indicated by the corresponding normal mode descriptions. The S2 → S1 decay process via the S2/S1 conical intersection point as the major channel were excluded. The thione-thiol photoisomerization reaction mechanism of thioacetamide via the S2,FC → S'1,min excited state proton transfer (ESPT) reaction channel was proposed.

  13. Anharmonic Franck-Condon simulation of the absorption and fluorescence spectra for the low-lying S1 and S2 excited states of pyridine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Huan; Zhu, Chaoyuan; Yu, Jian-Guo; Lin, Sheng Hsien

    2009-12-31

    Anharmonic effects of the absorption and fluorescence spectra of pyridine molecule are studied and analyzed for the two-low lying singlet excited states S(1)((1)B(1)) and S(2)((1)B(2)). The complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) method is utilized to compute equilibrium geometries and all 27 vibrational normal-mode frequencies for the ground state and the two excited states. The present calculations show that the frequency differences between the ground and two excited states are small for the ten totally symmetric vibrational modes so that the displaced oscillator approximation can be used for spectrum simulations. The Franck-Condon factors within harmonic approximation basically grasp the main features of molecular spectra, but simulated 0-0 transition energy position and spectrum band shapes are not satisfactorily good for S(1)((1)B(1)) absorption and fluorescence spectra in comparison with experiment observation. As the first-order anharmonic correction added to Franck-Condon factors, both spectrum positions and band shapes can be simultaneously improved for both absorption and fluorescence spectra. It is concluded that the present anharmonic correction produces a significant dynamic shifts for spectrum positions and improves spectrum band shapes as well. The detailed structures of absorption spectrum of S(2)((1)B(2)) state observed from experiment can be also reproduced with anharmonic Franck-Condon simulation, and these were not shown in the harmonic Franck-Condon simulation with either distorted or Duschinsky effects in the literature.

  14. Progress in the Rotational Analysis of the Ground and Low-Lying Vibrationally Excited States of Malonaldehyde

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goudreau, E. S.; Tokaryk, Dennis W.; Ross, Stephen Cary; Billinghurst, Brant E.

    2016-06-01

    Despite being an important prototype molecule for intramolecular proton tunnelling, the far-IR spectrum of the internally hydrogen-bonded species malonaldehyde (C_3O_2H_4) is not yet well understood. In the talk I gave at the ISMS meeting in 2015 I discussed the high-resolution spectra we obtained at the Canadian Light Source synchrotron in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. These spectra include a number of fundamental vibrational bands in the 100-2000 cm-1 region. In our efforts to analyze these bands we have noticed that our ground state combination differences show a large drift (up to an order of magnitude larger than our experimental error) away from those calculated using constants established by Baba et al., particularly in regions of high J (above 30) and low Ka (below 5). An examination of the previous microwave and far-IR studies reveals that this region of J-Ka space was not represented in the lines that Baba et al. used to generate the values for their fitting parameters. By including our own measurements in the fitting, we were able to improve the characterization of the ground state so that it is now consistent with all of the existing data. This characterization now covers a much larger range of J-Ka space and has enabled us to make significant progress in analyzing our far-IR synchrotron spectra. These include an excited vibrational state at 241 cm-1 as well as several states split by the tunnelling effect at higher wavenumber. T. Baba, T. Tanaka, I. Morino, K. M. T. Yamada, K. Tanaka. Detection of the tunneling-rotation transitions of malonaldehyde in the submillimeter-wave region. J. Chem. Phys., 110. 4131-4133 (1999) P. Turner, S. L. Baughcum, S. L. Coy, Z. Smith. Microwave Spectroscopic Study of Malonaldehyde. 4. Vibration-Rotation Interaction in Parent Species. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 106. 2265-2267 (1984) D. W. Firth, K. Beyer, M. A. Dvorak, S. W. Reeve, A. Grushow, K. R. Leopold. Tunable far-infrared spectroscopy of malonaldehyde. J. Chem. Phys., 94. 1812

  15. Isotope effects of ground and lowest lying vibrational states of H 3 - x D x O2 - complexes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansari, Narjes; Meyer, Hans-Dieter

    2016-02-01

    Isotope effects of the H 3 O2 - anion are investigated. For this, the 24 lowest excited vibrational states of the H 3 - x D x O2 - complexes, with x = 0-3, are computed using two different Hamiltonians, namely, a 7D reduced-dimensionality one with a numerical representation of the kinetic energy operator (KEO) and a 9D full-dimensionality Hamiltonian with an exact analytic KEO. The computations are carried out with the multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree method. The obtained results show that bridge and terminal H-D exchange cause a variation in energy with or without a rearrangement of states. A clear rearrangement of fundamental modes is observed in bridge H-D exchange of the H 3 O2 - complex, where the frequency of bridge hydrogen stretching (z) is strongly lowered by substitution. The isotope effects show that rotation (ϕ), rocking (u1 + u2), wagging (u1 - u2), and O-O stretch (R) modes are sensitive to terminal H-D exchange, while the bridge-atom bending (x,y) and stretch (z) modes are sensitive to bridge H-D exchange. An influence coefficient, which measures the influence of an excitation of one mode on the various 1D reduced densities, is defined and analyzed in detail. It is shown that the D 3 O2 - complex is more strongly correlated or coupled than the other isotopologues.

  16. Lie transformation method on quantum state evolution of a general time-dependent driven and damped parametric oscillator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Lin; Zhang, Weiping

    2016-10-01

    A variety of dynamics in nature and society can be approximately treated as a driven and damped parametric oscillator. An intensive investigation of this time-dependent model from an algebraic point of view provides a consistent method to resolve the classical dynamics and the quantum evolution in order to understand the time-dependent phenomena that occur not only in the macroscopic classical scale for the synchronized behaviors but also in the microscopic quantum scale for a coherent state evolution. By using a Floquet U-transformation on a general time-dependent quadratic Hamiltonian, we exactly solve the dynamic behaviors of a driven and damped parametric oscillator to obtain the optimal solutions by means of invariant parameters of Ks to combine with Lewis-Riesenfeld invariant method. This approach can discriminate the external dynamics from the internal evolution of a wave packet by producing independent parametric equations that dramatically facilitate the parametric control on the quantum state evolution in a dissipative system. In order to show the advantages of this method, several time-dependent models proposed in the quantum control field are analyzed in detail.

  17. An ab initio study of the low-lying electronic states of YO2 and Franck-Condon simulation of the first photodetachment band of YO2(-).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Edmond P F; Dyke, John M; Mok, Daniel K W; Chau, Foo-tim

    2008-05-15

    A variety of density functional theory and ab initio methods, including B3LYP, B98, BP86, CASSCF, CASSCF/RS2, CASSCF/MRCI, BD, BD(T), and CCSD(T), with ECP basis sets of up to the quintuple-zeta quality for Y, have been employed to study the X(2)B2 state of YO2 and the X(1)A1 state of YO2(-). Providing that the Y 4s(2)4p(6) outer-core electrons are included in the correlation treatment, the RCCSD(T) method gives the most consistent results and is concluded to be the most reliable and practical computational method for YO2 and YO2(-). In addition, RCCSD(T) potential energy functions (PEFs) of the X(2)B2 state of YO2 and the X(1)A1 state of YO2(-) were computed, employing the ECP28MDF_aug-cc-pwCVTZ and aug-cc-pVTZ basis sets for Y and O, respectively. Franck-Condon factors, which include allowance for Duschinsky rotation and anharmonicity, were calculated using the computed RCCSD(T) PEFs and were used to simulate the first photodetachment band of YO2(-). The simulated spectrum matches very well with the corresponding experimental 355 nm photodetachment spectrum of Wu, H.; Wang, L.-S. J. Phys. Chem. A 1998, 102, 9129, confirming the reliability of the RCCSD(T) PEFs used. Further calculations on low-lying electronic states of YO2 gave T(e)'s and T(vert)'s of the A(2)A1, B(2)B1, and C(2)A2 states of YO2, as well as EAs and VDEs to these states from the X(1)A1 state of YO2(-). On the basis of the ab initio VDEs obtained in the present study, previous assignments of the second and third photodetachment bands of YO2(-) have been revised.

  18. Mass spectrum of low-lying baryons in the ground state in a relativistic potential model of independent quarks with chiral symmetry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barik, N.; Dash, B.K.

    1986-04-01

    Under the assumption that baryons are an assembly of independent quarks, confined in a first approximation by an effective potential U(r) = 1/2(1+..gamma../sup 0/)(ar/sup 2/+V/sub 0/ ) which presumably represents the nonperturbative gluon interactions, the mass spectrum of the low-lying ground-state baryons has been calculated by considering perturbatively the contributions of the residual quark-pion coupling arising out of the requirement of chiral symmetry and that of the quark-gluon coupling due to one-gluon exchange over and above the necessary center-of-mass correction. The physical masses of the baryons so obtained agree quite well with the corresponding experimental value. The strong coupling constant ..cap alpha../sub c/ = 0.58 required here to describe the QCD mass splittings is quite consistent with the idea of treating one-gluon-exchange effects in lowest-order perturbation theory.

  19. Accessing a low-lying bound electronic state of the alkali oxides, LiO and NaO, using laser induced fluorescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pugh, J. V.; Shen, K. K.; Winstead, C. B.; Gole, J. L.

    1996-01-01

    The first laser based probe for the sodium and lithium monoxides is established. The Li(Na)+N 2O reactions studied in a multiple collision entrainment mode produce the LiO and NaO ground X 2Π and low-lying monoxide excited states. In contrast to the alkali halides, laser induced excitation spectroscopy confirms that the LiO and NaO B 2Π states, counter to recent predictions, are located at energies well below the ground state dissociation asymptote and, as predicted, possess significant binding energies. An assignment of the laser induced excitation spectra (LIF) for the B 2Π-X 2Π transitions of LiO in the region 3940-4300 Å is based on a direct correlation with the observed chemiluminescence (CL) from the lowest level of the LiO B 2Π state ( ˜4000-7000 Å) and high quality ab initio calculations for the ground state. The self-consistent assignment of the observed LIF and CL spectra makes use of the complimentary extended progressions in the X 2Π (CL) and B 2Π (LIF) vibrational level structure which results from the significant shift of the B 2Π excited state potential relative to that of the ground state. The experimental data are consistent with an excited state vibrational frequency separation of order 130 cm -1, and T e( B2Π) ≈ 26078 ± 800 cm-1. The latter value, in correlation with the ground state dissociation energy of LiO, suggests a B 2Π excited state dissociation energy well in excess of 2000 cm -1. The radiative lifetimes of the lowest levels of the LiO B 2Π state, isoergic with the highest levels of the LiO ground state, are determined to be in excess of 600 ns. The corresponding NaO excitation spectra in the range 6680-7250 Å also correlate well with ab initio calculations for the ground electronic state of NaO. Within this study, we provide optical signatures which one might consider to monitor LiO or NaO in process streams. In correlation with the observed chemiluminescence from B 2Π states of the higher alkali oxides KO, RbO, and

  20. A Generalized Approach for the Steady-State Analysis of Dual-Bridge Resonant Converters

    OpenAIRE

    Gao-Yuan Hu; Xiaodong Li; Bo-Yue Luan

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, a dual-bridge DC/DC resonant converter with a generalized series and parallel resonant tank is analyzed. A general approach based on Fundamental Harmonic Approximation is used to find the universal steady-state solutions. The analysis results for particular resonant tank configurations are exemplified with several typical resonant tank configurations respectively. The corresponded soft-switching conditions are discussed too. To illustrate the usefulness of the generalized appro...

  1. Preparation of Multicomponent Schr(o)dinger Cat States Through Resonant Atom-Field Interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Shi-Biao

    2005-01-01

    A simple method is presented for generating multicomponent Schrodinger cat states through resonant atom-field interactions. In the scheme n two-level atoms, initially in ground states, are sent through a resonant cavity filled with a strong coherent field sequentially. Then state-selective measurements are performed on the atoms. The detections of the atoms in ground states collapse the cavity field onto a superposition of 2n coherent states. This is the first way for producing superpositions of many coherent states through resonant atom-field interaction.

  2. Systematic study of the fragmentation of low-lying dipole strength in odd-{ital A} rare earth nuclei investigated in nuclear resonance fluorescence experiments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nord, A.; Schiller, A.; Eckert, T.; Beck, O.; Besserer, J.; von Brentano, P.; Fischer, R.; Herzberg, R.; Jaeger, D.; Kneissl, U.; Margraf, J.; Maser, H.; Pietralla, N.; Pitz, H.H.; Rittner, M.; Zilges, A. [Institut fuer Strahlenphysik, Universitaet Stuttgart, Allmandring 3, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)]|[Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Strasse 77, D-50937 Koeln (Germany)

    1996-11-01

    Nuclear resonance fluorescence experiments were performed on the rare earth nuclei {sup 155}Gd and {sup 159}Tb to study the fragmentation of the {ital M}1 {ital scissors} {ital mode} in {ital odd} deformed nuclei and to establish a kind of systematics. Using the bremsstrahlung photon beam of the Stuttgart Dynamitron (end point energy 4.1 MeV) and high resolution Ge-{gamma} spectrometers detailed information was obtained on excitation energies, decay widths, transition probabilities, and branching ratios. The results are compared to those observed recently for the neighboring odd nuclei {sup 161,163}Dy and {sup 157}Gd. Whereas in the odd Dy isotopes the dipole strength is rather concentrated, both Gd isotopes show a strong fragmentation of the strength into about 25 ({sup 155}Gd) and 90 transitions ({sup 157}Gd) in the energy range 2{endash}4 MeV. The nucleus {sup 159}Tb linking the odd Dy and Gd isotopes exhibits an intermediate strength fragmentation. In general the observed total strength in the odd nuclei is reduced by a factor of 2{endash}3 as compared to their neighboring even-even isotopes. The different fragmentation behavior of the dipole strengths in the odd Dy and Gd isotopes is unexplained up to now. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  3. Systematic study of the fragmentation of low-lying dipole strength in odd-A rare earth nuclei investigated in nuclear resonance fluorescence experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nord, A.; Schiller, A.; Eckert, T.; Beck, O.; Besserer, J.; von Brentano, P.; Fischer, R.; Herzberg, R.-D.; Jäger, D.; Kneissl, U.; Margraf, J.; Maser, H.; Pietralla, N.; Pitz, H. H.; Rittner, M.; Zilges, A.

    1996-11-01

    Nuclear resonance fluorescence experiments were performed on the rare earth nuclei 155Gd and 159Tb to study the fragmentation of the M1 scissors mode in odd deformed nuclei and to establish a kind of systematics. Using the bremsstrahlung photon beam of the Stuttgart Dynamitron (end point energy 4.1 MeV) and high resolution Ge-γ spectrometers detailed information was obtained on excitation energies, decay widths, transition probabilities, and branching ratios. The results are compared to those observed recently for the neighboring odd nuclei 161,163Dy and 157Gd. Whereas in the odd Dy isotopes the dipole strength is rather concentrated, both Gd isotopes show a strong fragmentation of the strength into about 25 (155Gd) and 90 transitions (157Gd) in the energy range 2-4 MeV. The nucleus 159Tb linking the odd Dy and Gd isotopes exhibits an intermediate strength fragmentation. In general the observed total strength in the odd nuclei is reduced by a factor of 2-3 as compared to their neighboring even-even isotopes. The different fragmentation behavior of the dipole strengths in the odd Dy and Gd isotopes is unexplained up to now.

  4. Comparative study of spectroscopic properties of the low-lying electronic states of 2,4-pentadien-1-iminium cation and its N-substituted analogues

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Anjan Chattopadhyay

    2012-09-01

    Semiempirical and ab initio-based CI methods have been employed to study the low-lying electronic states of 2,4-pentadien-1-iminium cation and its N-substituted analogues with electron-donating (methyl, isopropyl) and electron-withdrawing (fluoromethyl) groups on nitrogen. Variations of the dihedral angles (Γ3, Γ4) of the ground state have given the global minima and global maxima at (180°, 180°) and (90°, 0°) conformations, respectively, with some exceptions in the case of fluoromethyl compound. Increase in the +I effect on nitrogen shifts the TICT conical intersection point away from the 90° (Γ3 dihedral angle) value, when the Γ4 value is kept fixed at 180°. Transition moment values of the allowed S0(1A -like) → S1 (2B-like) transitions are expectedly higher than the forbidden S0(1A -like) → S2(2A -like) transitions by almost 5.6 D. Radiative lifetime values of the first excited states are calculated to be around 215 ps for all the four compounds. At (180°, 180°) conformation the vertical excitation energy (VEE) between the S0 and S1 states of the 2,4-pentadieniminium cation is found to be 3.3 eV, which corresponds to the absorption wavelength value of roughly 375 nm. The VEE value increases with substituents having +I effect on nitrogen, while for the fluoromethyl compound it is calculated to be around 2.85 eV. The energy gap between the first two excited singlet states is found to have the least value in the isopropyl-substituted compound, where the S2 state contains a huge contribution from the HOMO2→LUMO2 configuration.

  5. Properties of low-lying intruder states in $^{34}$Al and $^{34}$Si sequentially populated in $\\beta$-decay of $^{34}$Mg

    CERN Multimedia

    A low-lying long-lived (26±1 ms) isomer in $^{34}$Al has been observed recently and assigned as 1$^{+}$ state of intruder character. It was populated in $^{36}$S fragmentation and feeds, in $\\beta$-decay, the 0$_{2}^{+}$ state in $^{34}$Si whose excitation energy and lifetime were determined in an electron-positron pairs spectroscopy experiment. In the present experiment we intend to measure for the first time the $\\gamma$-rays following the $\\beta$-decay of $^{34}$Mg. Despite the interest for $^{34}$Mg, the up-right corner of the “N$\\thicksim$20 island of inversion”, the only information on its $\\beta$-decay is the lifetime of 20±10 ms, determined from $\\beta$-neutron coincidences. As a result of the proposed experiment, we expect to place the first transitions in the level scheme of $^{34}$Al and to strongly populate the newly observed isomer, measuring its excitation energy, if the branching ratio to 4$^{−}$ ground state is significant. Theoretical estimations for the $\\beta$-decay of the new isome...

  6. MRCI study of the spectroscopic parameters and transition properties of the 36 low-lying electronic states of the B2 molecule

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xing, Wei; Shi, Deheng; Sun, Jinfeng; Zhu, Zunlue

    2017-10-01

    This paper studied the spectroscopic and transition properties of 36 low-lying states, which came from the first two dissociation limits of B2 molecule. The potential energy curves were calculated with the complete active space self-consistent field (CASSCF) method, which was followed by the internally contracted multireference configuration interaction (icMRCI) plus Davidson modification (icMRCI + Q) approach. Of these 36 states, the 25Σu-, 15Σu+, 25Πu, and 15Δu states were repulsive; the B3Δu, E3Σu+, f1Σu-, g1Πg, 23Πu, 33Σg-, 33Πu, 15Πg, and 33Σu+ states had double wells; the B3Δu, E3Σu+, G3Σu+, f1Σu-, g1Πg, 33Σg-, 23Πu, 33Πu, 15Πg, 25Πg, 25Σg-, and 33Σu+ states had one barrier; the 25Σg- state and the second wells of B3Δu, E3Σu+, 15Πg, f1Σu-, g1Πg, and 23Πu states were weakly bound; and the 25Σg- state had no vibrational levels. The avoided crossings existed between the B3Δu and 23Δu states, the E3Σu+ and G3Σu+ states, the G3Σu+ and 33Σu+ states, the 33Σu+ and 43Σu+ states, the 23Πu and 33Πu states, the g1Πg and 21Πg states, the 23Σg- and 33Σg- states, the 15Πg and 25Πg states, the 25Πg and 35Πg states, the 25Σg- and 35Σg- states, as well as the F3Πg and 33Πg states. Core-valence correlation and scalar relativistic corrections were taken into account. The extrapolation to the complete basis set limit was done. The spectroscopic parameters and vibrational properties were obtained. The transition dipole moments were calculated. Franck-Condon factors of some transitions were evaluated. The spin-orbit coupling (SOC) effect on the spectroscopic parameters and vibrational properties is tiny and sometimes even can be negligible. The results determined in this paper can provide some powerful guidelines to observe these states, in particular the states which have not been studied in the experiment.

  7. Perfusion information extracted from resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tong, Yunjie; Lindsey, Kimberly P; Hocke, Lia M; Vitaliano, Gordana; Mintzopoulos, Dionyssios; Frederick, Blaise deB

    2017-02-01

    It is widely known that blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) contrast in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is an indirect measure for neuronal activations through neurovascular coupling. The BOLD signal is also influenced by many non-neuronal physiological fluctuations. In previous resting state (RS) fMRI studies, we have identified a moving systemic low frequency oscillation (sLFO) in BOLD signal and were able to track its passage through the brain. We hypothesized that this seemingly intrinsic signal moves with the blood, and therefore, its dynamic patterns represent cerebral blood flow. In this study, we tested this hypothesis by performing Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast (DSC) MRI scans (i.e. bolus tracking) following the RS scans on eight healthy subjects. The dynamic patterns of sLFO derived from RS data were compared with the bolus flow visually and quantitatively. We found that the flow of sLFO derived from RS fMRI does to a large extent represent the blood flow measured with DSC. The small differences, we hypothesize, are largely due to the difference between the methods in their sensitivity to different vessel types. We conclude that the flow of sLFO in RS visualized by our time delay method represents the blood flow in the capillaries and veins in the brain.

  8. Additive Lie ($\\xi$-Lie) Derivations and Generalized Lie ($\\xi$-Lie) Derivations on Prime Algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Qi, Xiaofei

    2010-01-01

    The additive (generalized) $\\xi$-Lie derivations on prime algebras are characterized. It is shown, under some suitable assumption, that an additive map $L$ is an additive (generalized) Lie derivation if and only if it is the sum of an additive (generalized) derivation and an additive map from the algebra into its center vanishing all commutators; is an additive (generalized) $\\xi$-Lie derivation with $\\xi\

  9. Reservoir engineering of a mechanical resonator: generating a macroscopic superposition state and monitoring its decoherence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asjad, Muhammad; Vitali, David

    2014-02-01

    A deterministic scheme for generating a macroscopic superposition state of a nanomechanical resonator is proposed. The nonclassical state is generated through a suitably engineered dissipative dynamics exploiting the optomechanical quadratic interaction with a bichromatically driven optical cavity mode. The resulting driven dissipative dynamics can be employed for monitoring and testing the decoherence processes affecting the nanomechanical resonator under controlled conditions.

  10. Deterministic transfer of an unknown qutrit state assisted by the low-Q microwave resonators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Tong; Zhang, Yang; Yu, Chang-Shui, E-mail: quaninformation@sina.com; Zhang, Wei-Ning

    2017-05-25

    Highlights: • We propose a scheme to achieve an unknown quantum state transfer between two flux qutrits coupled to two superconducting coplanar waveguide resonators. • The quantum state transfer can be deterministically achieved without measurements. • Because resonator photons are virtually excited during the operation time, the decoherences caused by the resonator decay and the unwanted inter-resonator crosstalk are greatly suppressed. - Abstract: Qutrits (i.e., three-level quantum systems) can be used to achieve many quantum information and communication tasks due to their large Hilbert spaces. In this work, we propose a scheme to transfer an unknown quantum state between two flux qutrits coupled to two superconducting coplanar waveguide resonators. The quantum state transfer can be deterministically achieved without measurements. Because resonator photons are virtually excited during the operation time, the decoherences caused by the resonator decay and the unwanted inter-resonator crosstalk are greatly suppressed. Moreover, our approach can be adapted to other solid-state qutrits coupled to circuit resonators. Numerical simulations show that the high-fidelity transfer of quantum state between the two qutrits is feasible with current circuit QED technology.

  11. Positron-molecule interactions: resonant attachment, annihilation, and bound states

    CERN Document Server

    Gribakin, G F; Surko, C M; 10.1103/RevModPhys.82.2557

    2010-01-01

    This article presents an overview of current understanding of the interaction of low-energy positrons with molecules with emphasis on resonances, positron attachment and annihilation. Annihilation rates measured as a function of positron energy reveal the presence of vibrational Feshbach resonances (VFR) for many polyatomic molecules. These resonances lead to strong enhancement of the annihilation rates. They also provide evidence that positrons bind to many molecular species. A quantitative theory of VFR-mediated attachment to small molecules is presented. It is tested successfully for selected molecules (e.g., methyl halides and methanol) where all modes couple to the positron continuum. Combination and overtone resonances are observed and their role is elucidated. In larger molecules, annihilation rates from VFR far exceed those explicable on the basis of single-mode resonances. These enhancements increase rapidly with the number of vibrational degrees of freedom. While the details are as yet unclear, intr...

  12. Implementation of State Transfer Hamiltonians in Spin Chains with Magnetic Resonance Techniques

    OpenAIRE

    Cappellaro, Paola

    2014-01-01

    Nuclear spin systems and magnetic resonance techniques have provided a fertile platform for experimental investigation of quantum state transfer in spin chains. From the first observation of polarization transfer, predating the formal definition of quantum state transfer, to the realization of state transfer simulations in small molecules and in larger solid-state spin systems, the experiments have drawn on the strengths of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), in particular on its long history o...

  13. A nonlinear plasmonic resonator for three-state all-optical switching

    KAUST Repository

    Amin, Muhammad

    2014-01-01

    A nonlinear plasmonic resonator design is proposed for three-state all-optical switching at frequencies including near infrared and lower red parts of the spectrum. The tri-stable response required for three-state operation is obtained by enhancing nonlinearities of a Kerr medium through multiple (higher order) plasmons excited on resonator\\'s metallic surfaces. Indeed, simulations demonstrate that exploitation of multiple plasmons equips the proposed resonator with a multi-band tri-stable response, which cannot be obtained using existing nonlinear plasmonic devices that make use of single mode Lorentzian resonances. Multi-band three-state optical switching that can be realized using the proposed resonator has potential applications in optical communications and computing. © 2014 Optical Society of America.

  14. Study of the β{sup -} decay of {sup 116m1}In: A new interpretation of low-lying 0{sup +} states in {sup 116}Sn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pore, J.L.; Cross, D.S.; Andreoiu, C.; Ashley, R.; Chester, A.S.; Noakes, B.; Starosta, K.; Voss, P.J. [Simon Fraser University, Department of Chemistry, Burnaby BC (Canada); Ball, G.C.; Bender, P.C.; Garnsworthy, A.B.; Hackman, G.; Rajabali, M.M. [TRIUMF, Vancouver BC (Canada); Diaz Varela, A.; Demand, G.A.; Dunlop, R.; Garrett, P.E.; Hadinia, B.; Jigmeddorj, B.; Laffoley, A.T.; Liblong, A.; Svensson, C.E. [University of Guelph, Department of Physics, Guelph ON (Canada); Kanungo, R. [Saint Mary' s University, Department of Astronomy and Physics, Halifax NS (Canada); Petrache, C.M. [Universite Paris-Saclay, CSNSM, CNRS-IN2P3, Orsay Cedex (France); Wang, Z.M. [Simon Fraser University, Department of Chemistry, Burnaby BC (Canada); TRIUMF, Vancouver BC (Canada); Wood, J.L. [Georgia Institute of Technology, School of Physics, Atlanta, GA (United States); Yates, S.W. [University of Kentucky, Departments of Chemistry and Physics and Astronomy, Lexington, KY (United States)

    2017-02-15

    The {sup 116}Sn nucleus contains a collective rotational band originating from proton π 2p-2h excitations across the proton Z = 50 shell gap. Even though this nucleus has been extensively investigated in the past, there was still missing information on the low-energy interband transitions connecting the intruder and normal structures. The low-lying structure of {sup 116}Sn was investigated through a high-statistics study of the β{sup -} decay of {sup 116m1}In with the 8π spectrometer and its ancillary detectors at TRIUMF. These measurements are critical in order to properly characterize the π 2p-2h rotational band. Weak γ-decay branches are observed utilizing γ-γ coincidence spectroscopy methods, leading to the first direct observation of the 85 keV 2{sub 2}{sup +} → 0{sub 3}{sup +} γ ray with a transition strength of B(E2) = 99.7(84) W.u. The analysis of these results strongly suggests that the 2027 keV 0{sub 3}{sup +} state should replace the previously assigned 1757 keV 0{sub 2}{sup +} state as the band-head of the π 2p-2h rotational band. (orig.)

  15. The ease of lying

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verschuere, B.; Spruyt, A.; Meijer, E.H.; Otgaar, H.

    2011-01-01

    Brain imaging studies suggest that truth telling constitutes the default of the human brain and that lying involves intentional suppression of the predominant truth response. By manipulating the truth proportion in the Sheffield lie test, we investigated whether the dominance of the truth response i

  16. The ease of lying

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verschuere, B.; Spruyt, A.; Meijer, E.H.; Otgaar, H.

    2011-01-01

    Brain imaging studies suggest that truth telling constitutes the default of the human brain and that lying involves intentional suppression of the predominant truth response. By manipulating the truth proportion in the Sheffield lie test, we investigated whether the dominance of the truth response

  17. Whoppers and White Lies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vermillion, Marti

    1985-01-01

    Lying is a symptom of a much broader problem. Primary motivations are need for acceptance, fear of punishment, and desire for attention. Children learn about honesty through observation, both directly and indirectly. Admitting mistakes, especially to children, is invaluable and can help break the lying syndrome. (MT)

  18. Medicine, lies and deceptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benn, P

    2001-04-01

    This article offers a qualified defence of the view that there is a moral difference between telling lies to one's patients, and deceiving them without lying. However, I take issue with certain arguments offered by Jennifer Jackson in support of the same conclusion. In particular, I challenge her claim that to deny that there is such a moral difference makes sense only within a utilitarian framework, and I cast doubt on the aptness of some of her examples of non-lying deception. But I argue that lies have a greater tendency to damage trust than does non-lying deception, and suggest that since many doctors do believe there is a moral boundary between the two types of deception, encouraging them to violate that boundary may have adverse general effects on their moral sensibilities.

  19. Evasive Lying in Strategic Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Khalmetski, Kiryl; Rockenbach, Bettina; Werner, Peter

    2017-01-01

    In a sender-receiver game we investigate if sanctions for lying induce more truth-telling. Senders may not only choose between truth-telling and (explicit) lying, but may also engage in evasive lying by credibly pretending not to know. Sanctions promote truth-telling if senders cannot engage in evasive lying. If evasive lying is possible, explicit lying is largely substituted by evasive lying, in line with the notion that evasive lying is perceived as sufficiently less psychologically costly.

  20. Few-body resonances in light nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Csoto, A

    2000-01-01

    We have localized several few-body resonances in light nuclei, using methods which can properly handle two- or three-body resonant states. Among other results, we predict the existence of a three-neutron resonance, small spin-orbit splittings between the low-lying states in He-5 and Li-5, the nonexistence of the soft dipole resonance in He-6, new 1+ states in Li-8 and B-8, and the presence of a nonlinear amplification phenomenon in the 0+_2 state of C-12.

  1. Contribution of off-resonant states to the phase noise of quantum dot lasers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Cheng; Zhuang, Jun-Ping; Grillot, Frédéric; Chan, Sze-Chun

    2016-12-26

    The phase noise of quantum dot lasers is investigated theoretically by coupling the Langevin noise sources into the rate equations. The off-resonant populations in the excited state and in the carrier reservoir contribute to the phase noise of ground-state emission lasers through the phase-amplitude coupling effect. This effect arises from the optical-noise induced carrier fluctuations in the off-resonant states. In addition, the phase noise has low sensitivity to the carrier scattering rates.

  2. High resolution infrared spectrum of the CD2 wagging band of methanol-D2 (CHD2OH) for the lowest lying torsional vibrational state (e0)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukhopadhyay, Indra

    2016-07-01

    This paper reports the analysis of the high resolution (0.0019 cm-1) Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrum for asymmetrically deuterated methanol CHD2OH (methanol-D2) at a low temperature for the CD2 wagging band for the lowest lying trans-species (e0). In spite of the complexity and perturbation in the spectra, assignments were possible for the CD2 wagging band for a maximum K value of 10. In total, about 500 spectral lines have been assigned. Analysis of the spectral lines has been performed in terms of state dependent molecular parameters, Q-branch origins and asymmetry splitting. Assignments have been thoroughly confirmed using combination relations (see text). The catalogue of the assigned transition wavenumbers will help identification and prediction of far infrared (FIR) optically pumped CO2 lasers. The absorption lines close to the several 10R and 10P CO2 laser lines have also been identified. These should help experimentalists to optimize the power of the emission FIR laser lines and to predict new lines and should prove valuable as a laboratory support for interstellar detection in "Radio Astronomy". To our knowledge this is the first time such vibrational infrared (IR) high resolution study in CHD2OH is being performed.

  3. Quantum Entanglement and Shannon Information Entropy for the Doubly Excited Resonance State in Positronium Negative Ion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chien-Hao Lin

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In the present work, we report an investigation on quantum entanglement in the doubly excited 2s2 1Se resonance state of the positronium negative ion by using highly correlated Hylleraas type wave functions, determined by calculation of the density of resonance states with the stabilization method. Once the resonance wave function is obtained, the spatial (electron-electron orbital entanglement entropies (von Neumann and linear can be quantified using the Schmidt decomposition method. Furthermore, Shannon entropy in position space, a measure for localization (or delocalization for such a doubly excited state, is also calculated.

  4. Optical-optical double-resonant multiphoton ionization spectra of Rydberg states of nitrogen dioxide

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Gui-Yin; Zhang Lian-Shui; Sun Bo; Han Xiao-Feng; Yu Wei

    2005-01-01

    The optical-optical double-resonant multiphoton ionization(OODR-MPI) technique has been applied to the study of the Rydberg states of nitrogen dioxide. The results show that ,althougy the OODR-MPI spectra of NO2 are composed of regular progression bands at different pump laser intensities, their ionization pathways are different.The NO2 mollecule is ionized through the (3+1+1)double-resonant process as the pump laser intensity is in a high value, or else it is through the (1+2+1)rpocess.The final resonant states in the two ionizing processes have been attributed to different Rydberg states.

  5. Topology of the Adiabatic Potential Energy Surfaces for theResonance States of the Water Anion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haxton, Daniel J.; Rescigno, Thomas N.; McCurdy, C. William

    2005-04-15

    The potential energy surfaces corresponding to the long-lived fixed-nuclei electron scattering resonances of H{sub 2}O relevant to the dissociative electron attachment process are examined using a combination of ab initio scattering and bound-state calculations. These surfaces have a rich topology, characterized by three main features: a conical intersection between the {sup 2}A{sub 1} and {sup 2}B{sub 2} Feshbach resonance states; charge-transfer behavior in the OH ({sup 2}{Pi}) + H{sup -} asymptote of the {sup 2}B{sub 1} and {sup 2}A{sub 1} resonances; and an inherent double-valuedness of the surface for the {sup 2}B{sub 2} state the C{sub 2v} geometry, arising from a branch-point degeneracy with a {sup 2}B{sub 2} shape resonance. In total, eight individual seams of degeneracy among these resonances are located.

  6. Quantum and classical control of single photon states via a mechanical resonator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basiri-Esfahani, Sahar; Myers, Casey R.; Combes, Joshua; Milburn, G. J.

    2016-06-01

    Optomechanical systems typically use light to control the quantum state of a mechanical resonator. In this paper, we propose a scheme for controlling the quantum state of light using the mechanical degree of freedom as a controlled beam splitter. Preparing the mechanical resonator in non-classical states enables an optomechanical Stern-Gerlach interferometer. When the mechanical resonator has a small coherent amplitude it acts as a quantum control, entangling the optical and mechanical degrees of freedom. As the coherent amplitude of the resonator increases, we recover single photon and two-photon interference via a classically controlled beam splitter. The visibility of the two-photon interference is particularly sensitive to coherent excitations in the mechanical resonator and this could form the basis of an optically transduced weak-force sensor.

  7. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging: review of neurosurgical applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lang, Stefan; Duncan, Niall; Northoff, Georg

    2014-05-01

    Recent research in brain imaging has highlighted the role of different neural networks in the resting state (ie, no task) in which the brain displays spontaneous low-frequency neuronal oscillations. These can be indirectly measured with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, and functional connectivity can be inferred as the spatiotemporal correlations of this signal. This technique has proliferated in recent years and has allowed the noninvasive investigation of large-scale, distributed functional networks. In this review, we give a brief overview of resting-state networks and examine the use of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging in neurosurgical contexts, specifically with respect to neurooncology, epilepsy surgery, and deep brain stimulation. We discuss the advantages and disadvantages compared with task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging, the limitations of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging, and the emerging directions of this relatively new technology.

  8. Research on resonance and antiresonance states of free stator of traveling wave ultrasonic motors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZU Jiakui; ZHAO Chunsheng

    2004-01-01

    Under the condition of high-power drive, the experimental phenomena of free stator of traveling wave ultrasonic motor takes on strong nonlinear effects. Firstly, its corresponding theories are established to analyze and compare the stator's performances at the resonance and antiresonance states. At the same time, some important parameters, such as resonance/antiresonance frequency, mechanical quality, electro-mechanic coupling, and the relative vibration effect, are selected elaborately to evaluate the vibrational performances of free stator. Then, some experimental schemes based on the laser vibration measurement are designed respectively. Under the different drives conditions, the experimental characterizations of free stator at the resonance and antiresonance states are analyzed systematically. Finally, The investigative results show that the performance at the antiresonance state is much better than that at the resonance state. Some conclusions of this paper can provide novel idea and guidance for the choosing of the operating states and driving modes of traveling wave ultrasonic motor.

  9. On lying and deceiving.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakhurst, D

    1992-06-01

    This article challenges Jennifer Jackson's recent defence of doctors' rights to deceive patients. Jackson maintains there is a general moral difference between lying and intentional deception: while doctors have a prima facie duty not to lie, there is no such obligation to avoid deception. This paper argues 1) that an examination of cases shows that lying and deception are often morally equivalent, and 2) that Jackson's position is premised on a species of moral functionalism that misconstrues the nature of moral obligation. Against Jackson, it is argued that both lying and intentional deception are wrong where they infringe a patient's right to autonomy or his/her right to be treated with dignity. These rights represent 'deontological constraints' on action, defining what we must not do whatever the functional value of the consequences. Medical ethics must recognise such constraints if it is to contribute to the moral integrity of medical practice.

  10. Lie algebras and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Iachello, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    This course-based primer provides an introduction to Lie algebras and some of their applications to the spectroscopy of molecules, atoms, nuclei and hadrons. In the first part, it concisely presents the basic concepts of Lie algebras, their representations and their invariants. The second part includes a description of how Lie algebras are used in practice in the treatment of bosonic and fermionic systems. Physical applications considered include rotations and vibrations of molecules (vibron model), collective modes in nuclei (interacting boson model), the atomic shell model, the nuclear shell model, and the quark model of hadrons. One of the key concepts in the application of Lie algebraic methods in physics, that of spectrum generating algebras and their associated dynamic symmetries, is also discussed. The book highlights a number of examples that help to illustrate the abstract algebraic definitions and includes a summary of many formulas of practical interest, such as the eigenvalues of Casimir operators...

  11. Additive Lie (ζ-Lie) Derivations and Generalized Lie (ζ-Lie)Derivations on Prime Algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Fei QI; Jin Chuan HOU

    2013-01-01

    The additive (generalized) ζ-Lie derivations on prime algebras are characterized.It is shown,under some suitable assumptions,that an additive map L is an additive generalized Lie derivation if and only if it is the sum of an additive generalized derivation and an additive map from the algebra into its center vanishing all commutators; is an additive (generalized) ζ-Lie derivation with ζ ≠ 1 if and only if it is an additive (generalized) derivation satisfying L(ζA) =ζL(A) for all A.These results are then used to characterize additive (generalized) ζ-Lie derivations on several operator algebras such as Banach space standard operator algebras and von Neumman algebras.

  12. Lying, honor, and contradiction

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Michael Gilsenan

    2016-01-01

    .... +Superscript 1 -Superscript With a particular concentration on the manifold practices of what will be called "lying," I shall try to show the way in which individuals in a Lebanese village negotiate...

  13. Liver magnetic resonance imaging: State of the art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Paul; E; Sijens

    2010-01-01

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has now been used for about three decades to characterize the human liver in a non-invasive way, that is without the need of using ionizing radiation or removing tissue samples. During the past few years, technical progress has been considerable and novel applications of MRI have been implemented in the clinic. The beginning of a new decade offers an excellent opportunity for having fi ve experts to present their view on the current status of MRI (and magnetic resonance spec...

  14. Local density of optical states of an asymmetric waveguide grating at photonic band gap resonant wavelength

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alatas, Husin; Sumaryada, Tony I.; Ahmad, Faozan

    2015-01-01

    We have investigated the characteristics of local density of optical states (LDOS) at photonic band gap resonant wavelength of an asymmetric waveguide grating based on Green's function formulation. It is found that the LDOS of the considered structure exhibits different characteristics in its localization between the upper and lower resonant wavelengths of the corresponding photonic band gap edges.

  15. Molecular excitation energies to high-lying bound states from time-dependent density-functional response theory: Characterization and correction of the time-dependent local density approximation ionization threshold

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casida, Mark E.; Jamorski, Christine; Casida, Kim C.; Salahub, Dennis R.

    1998-03-01

    This paper presents an evaluation of the performance of time-dependent density-functional response theory (TD-DFRT) for the calculation of high-lying bound electronic excitation energies of molecules. TD-DFRT excitation energies are reported for a large number of states for each of four molecules: N2, CO, CH2O, and C2H4. In contrast to the good results obtained for low-lying states within the time-dependent local density approximation (TDLDA), there is a marked deterioration of the results for high-lying bound states. This is manifested as a collapse of the states above the TDLDA ionization threshold, which is at -ɛHOMOLDA (the negative of the highest occupied molecular orbital energy in the LDA). The -ɛHOMOLDA is much lower than the true ionization potential because the LDA exchange-correlation potential has the wrong asymptotic behavior. For this reason, the excitation energies were also calculated using the asymptotically correct potential of van Leeuwen and Baerends (LB94) in the self-consistent field step. This was found to correct the collapse of the high-lying states that was observed with the LDA. Nevertheless, further improvement of the functional is desirable. For low-lying states the asymptotic behavior of the exchange-correlation potential is not critical and the LDA potential does remarkably well. We propose criteria delineating for which states the TDLDA can be expected to be used without serious impact from the incorrect asymptotic behavior of the LDA potential.

  16. Spectroscopy of {sup 12}C within the boundary condition for three-body resonant states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurokawa, Chie [Meme Media Laboratory, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8628 (Japan)]. E-mail: chie@nucl.sci.hokudai.ac.jp; Kato, Kiyoshi [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810 (Japan)

    2007-08-01

    The 3{alpha}-cluster structure of excited states in {sup 12}C is investigated by taking into account the correct boundary condition for three-body resonant states. In this study, we adopt the Complex Scaling Method (CSM), which enables us to obtain the resonant states that can be described as square integrable states with the same boundary conditions as those of the bound states, and calculate not only resonance energies but also the total decay widths of the 3{alpha} system. We compare the calculated resonance parameters to the experimental data and also to the previous 3{alpha} model results obtained with a bound state approximation. Our results well explain the many observed levels and give an assurance for the presence of the second 2{sup +} state, which is expected by the 3{alpha} model calculations with the approximations of bound state or two-body scattering. As for the negative-parity states, it is considered that the calculated 4{sup -} state is assigned to the observed E{sub x}=13.4MeV state. Through the calculation of channel amplitudes, the obtained third 0{sup +} state is found to have a s-wave dominant and a more dilute structure compared to the second 0{sup +} state.

  17. Steady-state entanglement of a Bose-Einstein condensate and a nanomechanical resonator

    CERN Document Server

    Asjad, Muhammad; 10.1103/PhysRevA.84.033606

    2011-01-01

    We analyze the steady-state entanglement between Bose-Einstein condensate trapped inside an optical cavity with a moving end mirror (nanomechanical resonator) driven by a single mode laser. The quantized laser field mediates the interaction between the Bose-Einstein condensate and nanomechanical resonator. In particular, we study the influence of temperature on the entanglement of the coupled system, and note that the steady-state entanglement is fragile with respect to temperature.

  18. Functional magnetic resonance imaging in oncology: state of the art*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guimaraes, Marcos Duarte; Schuch, Alice; Hochhegger, Bruno; Gross, Jefferson Luiz; Chojniak, Rubens; Marchiori, Edson

    2014-01-01

    In the investigation of tumors with conventional magnetic resonance imaging, both quantitative characteristics, such as size, edema, necrosis, and presence of metastases, and qualitative characteristics, such as contrast enhancement degree, are taken into consideration. However, changes in cell metabolism and tissue physiology which precede morphological changes cannot be detected by the conventional technique. The development of new magnetic resonance imaging techniques has enabled the functional assessment of the structures in order to obtain information on the different physiological processes of the tumor microenvironment, such as oxygenation levels, cellularity and vascularity. The detailed morphological study in association with the new functional imaging techniques allows for an appropriate approach to cancer patients, including the phases of diagnosis, staging, response evaluation and follow-up, with a positive impact on their quality of life and survival rate. PMID:25741058

  19. The origin of unequal bond lengths in the $\\mathrm{\\tilde{C}}$ $^1$B$_2$ state of SO$_2$: Signatures of high-lying potential energy surface crossings in the low-lying vibrational structure

    CERN Document Server

    Park, G Barratt; Field, Robert W

    2016-01-01

    The $\\mathrm{\\tilde{C}}$ $^1$B$_2$ state of SO$_2$ has a double-minimum potential in the antisymmetric stretch coordinate, such that the minimum energy geometry has nonequivalent SO bond lengths. The asymmetry in the potential energy surface is expressed as a staggering in the energy levels of the $\

  20. Resonances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    an impetus or drive to that account: change, innovation, rupture, or discontinuity. Resonances: Historical Essays on Continuity and Change explores the historiographical question of the modes of interrelation between these motifs in historical narratives. The essays in the collection attempt to realize...... theoretical consciousness through historical narrative ‘in practice’, by discussing selected historical topics from Western cultural history, within the disciplines of history, literature, visual arts, musicology, archaeology, philosophy, and theology. The title Resonances indicates the overall perspective...

  1. Formation Mechanism of Guided Resonances and Bound States in the Continuum in Photonic Crystal Slabs

    CERN Document Server

    Gao, Xingwei; Zhen, Bo; Lin, Xiao; Joannopoulos, John D; Soljačić, Marin; Chen, Hongsheng

    2016-01-01

    We develop a formalism, based on the mode expansion method, to describe the guided resonances and bound states in the continuum (BICs) in photonic crystal slabs with one-dimensional periodicity. This approach provides analytic insights to the formation mechanisms of these states: the guided resonances arise from the transverse Fabry-P\\'erot condition, and the divergence of the resonance lifetimes at the BICs is explained by a destructive interference of radiation from different propagating components inside the slab. We show BICs at the center and on the edge of the Brillouin zone protected by symmetry, as well as BICs at generic wave vectors not protected by symmetry.

  2. Rotational characteristics in the resonance state of the HTSC-permanent magnet hybrid magnetic bearing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morii, Y.; Sukedai, M. [Kansai University, 3-3-35 Yamate-cho, Suita, Osaka 564-8680 (Japan); Ohashi, S., E-mail: ohashi@kansai-u.ac.jp [Kansai University, 3-3-35 Yamate-cho, Suita, Osaka 564-8680 (Japan)

    2011-11-15

    The hybrid magnetic bearing has been developed. In the hybrid system, effect of the pinning force becomes smaller. Influence of the vibration and the gradient angle in the resonance state is large. The resonance frequency becomes small in the hybrid bearing system. The hybrid magnetic bearing using permanent magnets and the high-Tc bulk superconductor (HTSC) has been developed. Repulsive force of the permanent magnet is introduced to increase the load weight of the magnetic bearing. Effect of the hybrid system has been shown. In this paper, influence of the hybrid system on the dynamic characteristics of the rotor is studied. The rotational characteristics in the mechanical resonance state are studied, and the equivalent magnetic spring coefficient is estimated from the experimental results of the load weight. The resonance frequency is measured by the rotation experiments. The rotor achieves stable levitation even in the resonance state. In the hybrid system, effect of the pinning force becomes smaller than that of the lateral force generated by the repulsive force between the two permanent magnets at the smaller air gap. Thus influence of the lateral vibration and the gradient angle in the resonance state becomes larger at a smaller air gap. The equivalent magnetic spring coefficient becomes also small, and the resonance frequency becomes small in the hybrid bearing system.

  3. Search for new resonances in the merged jet + dilepton final state in CMS

    CERN Document Server

    Ruiz Vargas, Jose Cupertino

    2016-01-01

    We present a search for resonances decaying into pairs of vector bosons with the latest proton-proton data at a centre-of-mass energy of 13 TeV delivered by the LHC and collected by the CMS experiment. This analysis focus on the search for resonances decaying into WZ and ZZ final states, where one of the bosons decays into dimuon/dielectron final states, and the other boson decays into a fully hadronic final state. The existence of heavy resonances is a prediction of many Beyond Standard Model theories, and models predicting spin 2 and spin 1 particles are used as benchmarks for this search. The high mass of the new resonance leads to the the occurrence of merged jets in the detector, and jet substructure techniques are used to identify those objects.

  4. Lying in neuropsychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seron, X

    2014-10-01

    The issue of lying occurs in neuropsychology especially when examinations are conducted in a forensic context. When a subject intentionally either presents non-existent deficits or exaggerates their severity to obtain financial or material compensation, this behaviour is termed malingering. Malingering is discussed in the general framework of lying in psychology, and the different procedures used by neuropsychologists to evidence a lack of collaboration at examination are briefly presented and discussed. When a lack of collaboration is observed, specific emphasis is placed on the difficulty in unambiguously establishing that this results from the patient's voluntary decision.

  5. Preparation of W state in resonant bimodal cavity quantum electrodynamics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    A scheme is proposed for generating entangled W states with four cavity modes. In this scheme, we send a Ⅴ-type three-level atom through two identical two-mode cavities in succession. After the atom exits from the second cavity,the four cavity modes are prepared in the W state. On the other hand we can obtain three-atom W states by sending three Ⅴ-type three-level atoms through a two-mode cavity in turn. The present scheme does not require conditional measurement, and it is easily generalized to preparing 2n-mode W states and n-atom W states.

  6. The Renner-Teller effect and Sears resonances in the ground state of the GeCH and GeCD free radicals

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Sheng-Gui; Li, Haiyang; Smith, Tony C.; Clouthier, Dennis J.; Merer, Anthony J.

    2003-11-01

    The vibrational energy levels of the jet-cooled GeCH and GeCD radicals have been studied by a combination of laser-induced fluorescence and wavelength-resolved emission techniques. The radicals were produced in a pulsed electric discharge free jet expansion using methyltrichlorogermane and tetramethylgermane-d12 precursors. A re-examination of the weaker hot bands in the LIF spectrum has provided a more complete vibrational analysis of the upper state energy levels. The single vibronic level emission spectra obtained by pumping several bands of each isotopomer were analyzed to provide information on the low-lying ground state vibronic energy levels up to 3000 cm-1 above the zero-point level. Strong interactions occur in these molecules between vibronic levels with the same value of P, but differing by one unit of v2; such interactions were first described for NCS by Northrup and Sears [Mol. Phys. 71, 45 (1990)] and are conveniently called "Sears resonances." The spectra of GeCH were further complicated by Fermi resonances between the bending and Ge-C stretching levels. Despite these difficulties, it proved possible to analyze the data using a standard Renner-Teller model with the addition of Sears resonance coupling terms. The validity of the fitted parameters was tested using the isotope relations. The Sears resonance parameters for GeCH are much larger than those of NCS, a result of the much stronger vibronic coupling in the germanium methylidynes.

  7. Surface plasmon resonance phenomenon of the insulating state polyaniline

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Umiati, Ngurah Ayu Ketut, E-mail: ngurahayuketutumiati@gmail.com [Jurusan Fisika FMIPA UGM, Sekip Utara Yogyakarta, 55281 (Indonesia); Jurusan Fisika FMIPA Universitas Diponegoro, Jalan Prof. Soedarto, SH Tembalang Semarang 50275 (Indonesia); Triyana, Kuwat; Kamsul [Jurusan Fisika FMIPA UGM, Sekip Utara Yogyakarta, 55281 (Indonesia)

    2015-04-16

    Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) phenomenon of the insulating polyaniline (PANI) is has been observed. Surface Plasmon (SP) is the traveled electromagnetic wave that passes through the interface of dielectric metal and excited by attenuated total reflection (ATR) method in Kretschmannn configuration (Au-PANI prism). The resonance condition is observed through the angle of SPR in such condition that SP wave is coupled by the evanescent constant of laser beam. In this research, the laser beam was generated by He–Ne and its wavelength (λ) was 632,8 nm. SPR curve is obtained through observation of incidence angles of the laser beam in prism. SPR phenomenon at the boundary between Au – PANI layer has showed by reflection dip when the laser beam passes through the prism. In this early study, the observation was carried out through simulation Winspall 3.02 software and preliminary compared with some experimental data reported in other referred literatures. The results shows that the optimum layer of Au and polyaniline are 50 and 1,5 nm thick respectively. Our own near future experimental work would be further performed and reported elsewhere.

  8. Measurement of total angular momentum values of high-lying even-parity atomic states of samarium by spectrally resolved laser-induced fluorescence technique

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A K Pulhani; M L Shah; G P Gupta; B M Suri

    2010-12-01

    Spectrally resolved laser-induced fluorescence technique was used to uniquely assign total angular momentum () values to high-lying even-parity energy levels of atomic samarium. Unique value assignment was done for seven energy levels in the energy region 34,800–36,200 cm-1 , recently observed and reported in the literature.

  9. Solving Quantum Ground-State Problems with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Zhaokai; Chen, Hongwei; Lu, Dawei; Whitfield, James D; Peng, Xinhua; Aspuru-Guzik, Alán; Du, Jiangfeng

    2011-01-01

    Quantum ground-state problems are computationally hard problems; for general many-body Hamiltonians, there is no classical or quantum algorithm known to be able to solve them efficiently. Nevertheless, if a trial wavefunction approximating the ground state is available, as often happens for many problems in physics and chemistry, a quantum computer could employ this trial wavefunction to project the ground state by means of the phase estimation algorithm (PEA). We performed an experimental realization of this idea by implementing a variational-wavefunction approach to solve the ground-state problem of the Heisenberg spin model with an NMR quantum simulator. Our iterative phase estimation procedure yields a high accuracy for the eigenenergies (to the 10^-5 decimal digit). The ground-state fidelity was distilled to be more than 80%, and the singlet-to-triplet switching near the critical field is reliably captured. This result shows that quantum simulators can better leverage classical trial wavefunctions than c...

  10. Low-lying dipole strengths of {sup 50}Cr

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pai, H.; Beck, T.; Beller, J.; Gayer, U.; Mertes, L.; Pietralla, N.; Ries, P.; Romig, C.; Werner, V.; Zweidinger, M. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, 64289 Darmstadt (Germany)

    2015-07-01

    Low-lying electric and magnetic dipole strengths (E1 and M1, respectively), particularly Pygmy Dipole Resonance (PDR) and Spin-flip M1 excitations, of atomic nuclei have drawn considerable attention in the last decade. The low-lying dipole strengths of {sup 50}Cr were studied with the method of nuclear resonance fluorescence up to 9.7 MeV, using bremsstrahlung provided by the superconducting Darmstadt electron linear accelerator S-DALINAC. Twenty-four spin-1 states were observed between 3.0 and 9.7 MeV excitation energy, 17 of those for the first time. The excited states' parities are determined through polarized photon scattering at the High Intensity gamma ray Source (HIγS), Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory (TUNL) in Durham, NC, USA. Microscopic calculations within the quasiparticle-phonon nuclear model are performed to interpret the dipole strength distribution of {sup 50}Cr. The experimental results of {sup 50}Cr are compared to data on its closed-shell N=28 isotone {sup 52}Cr and may provide information on the onset of the PDR in atomic nuclei.

  11. Taming the Yukawa potential singularity: improved evaluation of bound states and resonance energies

    CERN Document Server

    Alhaidari, A D; Abdelmonem, M S

    2007-01-01

    Using the tools of the J-matrix method, we absorb the 1/r singularity of the Yukawa potential in the reference Hamiltonian, which is handled analytically. The remaining part, which is bound and regular everywhere, is treated by an efficient numerical scheme in a suitable basis using Gauss quadrature approximation. Analysis of resonance energies and bound states spectrum is performed using the complex scaling method, where we show their trajectories in the complex energy plane and demonstrate the remarkable fact that bound states cross over into resonance states by varying the potential parameters.

  12. Vibronic resonances sustain excited state coherence in light harvesting proteins at room temperature

    CERN Document Server

    Novelli, Fabio; Roozbeh, Ashkan; Wilk, Krystyna E; Curmi, Paul M G; Davis, Jeffrey A

    2015-01-01

    Until recently it was believed that photosynthesis, a fundamental process for life on earth, could be fully understood with semi-classical models. However, puzzling quantum phenomena have been observed in several photosynthetic pigment-protein complexes, prompting questions regarding the nature and role of these effects. Recent attention has focused on discrete vibrational modes that are resonant or quasi-resonant with excitonic energy splittings and strongly coupled to these excitonic states. Here we report a series of experiments that unambiguously identify excited state coherent superpositions that dephase on the timescale of the excited state lifetime. Low energy (56 cm-1) oscillations on the signal intensity provide direct experimental evidence for the role of vibrational modes resonant with excitonic splittings in sustaining coherences involving different excited excitonic states at physiological temperature.

  13. Does the ground-state resonance of {sup 10}Li overlap neutron threshold

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McVoy, K.W.; Van Isacker, P.

    1994-12-31

    Recent measurements suggest that the ground state of {sup 10}Li is a resonance which may well be wide enough to overlap the (n + {sup 9}Li) threshold. In this context we recall some of the curious properties of resonances located near threshold and entered from a non-decay channel, including their asymmetry and the fact that the peak observed in the cross section occurs at neither the R-matrix nor the S-matrix energy, but rather between the two. Because of these and other complications, it does not seem likely that either the l-value of the resonance or the energy of the corresponding state can accurately be determined form the shape of the resonance peak alone. (authors). 5 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.

  14. Fundamental and Subharmonic Resonances of Harmonically Oscillation with Time Delay State Feedback

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.F. EL-Bassiouny

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Time delays occur in many physical systems. In particular, when automatic control is used with structural or mechanical systems, there exists a delay between measurement of the system state and corrective action. The concept of an equivalent damping related to the delay feedback is proposed and the appropriate choice of the feedback gains and the time delay is discussed from the viewpoint of vibration control. We investigate the fundamental resonance and subharmonic resonance of order one-half of a harmonically oscillation under state feedback control with a time delay. By using the multiple scale perturbation technique, the first order approximation of the resonances are derived and the effect of time delay on the resonances is investigated. The fixed points correspond to a periodic motion for the starting system and we show the external excitation-response and frequency-response curves. We analyze the effect of time delay and the other different parameters on these oscillations.

  15. Continuous Flow-Resonance Raman Spectroscopy of an Intermediate Redox State of Cytochrome-C

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Forster, M.; Hester, R. E.; Cartling, B.

    1982-01-01

    An intermediate redox state of cytochrome c at alkaline pH, generated upon rapid reduction by sodium dithionite, has been observed by resonance Raman (RR) spectroscopy in combination with the continuous flow technique. The RR spectrum of the intermediate state is reported for excitation both...

  16. Imaging of 5f densities of states in resonant photoemission measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arko, A.J.; Koelling, D.D.; Capasso, C.; del Giudice, M.; Olson, C.G.

    1988-07-15

    Medium-resolution spectra (..delta..E = 0.25 eV) at the 5f Fano resonance in uranium intermetallics are compared to spectra above and below the resonance region to show that the 5f (and 6d) spectral weight obtained from resonant photoemission (RP) compares well to the 5f spectral weight obtained at other photon energies. In well-hybridized systems, the 5f signal from RP gives an excellent representation of the 5f density of states (DOS). In narrow-band and localized systems, a satellite may appear in addition to 5f DOS-like structure, indicative of correlation effects.

  17. Inverse Landau-Zener-Stuckelberg interferometry for the measurement of a resonator's state using a qubit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shevchenko, Sergey; Ashhab, Sahel; Nori, Franco

    2013-03-01

    We consider theoretically a superconducting qubit - nanomechanical resonator system, which was realized recently by LaHaye et al. [Nature 459, 960 (2009)]. We formulate and solve the inverse Landau-Zener-Stuckelberg problem, where we assume the driven qubit's state to be known (i.e. measured by some other device) and aim to find the parameters of the qubit's Hamiltonian. In particular, for our system the qubit's bias is defined by the nanomechanical resonator's displacement. This may provide a tool for monitoring the nanomechanical resonator 's position. [S. N. Shevchenko, S. Ashhab, and F. Nori, Phys. Rev. B 85, 094502 (2012).

  18. Angle-Resolved Resonant Photoemission as a Probe of Spatial Localization and Character of Electron States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molodtsov, S. L.; Richter, M.; Danzenbächer, S.; Wieling, S.; Steinbeck, L.; Laubschat, C.

    1997-01-01

    Resonant photoemission (PE) in the angle-resolved mode is proposed as a method to determine the spatial localization and the angular momentum character of valence band states from on-resonance PE signals across the Brillouin zone. This technique is applied to study ordered films of La metal. The obtained experimental data agree well with the results of band-structure calculations and related eigenvector analysis.

  19. Is there incomplete mixing of states with different K quantum numbers in the neutron resonance region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barrett, B.R. (Department of Physics, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85719 (United States)); Casten, R.F. (Department of Physics, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)); Ginocchio, J.N. (Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)); Seligman, T. (Department of Physics, Universidad Autonoma de Mexico, Guemavaca (Mexico)); Weidenmueller, H.A. (Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany))

    1992-04-01

    A recent publication claimed incomplete mixing of states with different {ital K} quantum numbers in the neutron resonance region. We discuss the theoretical implications of such a claim and show that it leads to serious discrepancies with the statistical model. We, therefore, reexamine the experimental data on which such a claim is based. The totality of the evidence invalidates the claim that {ital K} mixing in the resonance region is incomplete.

  20. Optimized resonating valence bond state in square lattice: correlations & excitations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z Nourbakhsh

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available We consider RVB state as a variational estimate for the ground state of Heisenberg antiferromagnet in square lattice. We present numerical calculation of energy, spin-spin correlation function and spin excitation spectrum. We show, that the quantum flactuations reduce of magnetization respect to Neel order. Our results are in good agreement with other methods such as spin-wave calculation and series expansions.

  1. The Over-Barrier Resonant States and Multi-Channel Scattering in Multiple Quantum Wells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Polupanov

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available We demonstrate an explicit numerical method for accurate calculation of the scattering matrix and its poles, and apply this method to describe the multi-channel scattering in the multiple quantum-wells structures. The S-matrix is continued analytically to the unphysical region of complex energy values. Results of calculations show that there exist one or more S-matrix poles, corresponding to the over-barrier resonant states critical for the effect of the absolute reflection of holes in the energy range where only the heavy ones may propagate over barriers in a structure. Light- and heavy-hole states are described by the Luttinger Hamiltonian matrix. In contrast to the single quantum-well case, at some parameters of a multiple quantum-wells structure the number of S-matrix poles may exceed that of the absolute reflection peaks, and at different values of parameters the absolute reflection peak corresponds to different resonant states. The imaginary parts of the S-matrix poles and hence the lifetimes of resonant states as well as the widths of resonant peaks of absolute reflection depend drastically on the quantum-well potential depth. In the case of shallow quantum wells there is in fact a long-living over-barrier resonant hole state.

  2. On the Logic of Lying

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H. van Ditmarsch (Hans); D.J.N. van Eijck (Jan); F.A.G. Sietsma (Floor); Y. Wang (Yanjing); D.J.N. van Eijck (Jan); R. Verbrugge

    2011-01-01

    htmlabstractWe look at lying as an act of communication, where (i) the proposition that is communicated is not true, (ii) the utterer of the lie knows (or believes) that what she communicates is not true, and (iii) the utterer of the lie intends the lie to be taken as truth. Rather than dwell on

  3. NMR doesn't lie or how solid-state NMR spectroscopy contributed to a better understanding of the nature and function of soil organic matter (Philippe Duchaufour Medal Lecture)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knicker, Heike

    2016-04-01

    "Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) does not lie". More than anything else, this statement of a former colleague and friend has shaped my relation to solid-state NMR spectroscopy. Indeed, if this technique leads to results which contradict the expectations, it is because i) some parts of the instrument are broken, ii) maladjustment of the acquisition parameters or iii) wrong preparation or confusion of samples. However, it may be even simpler, namely that the expectations were wrong. Of course, for researchers, the latter is the most interesting possibility since it forces to reassess accepted views and to search for new explanations. As my major analytical tool, NMR spectroscopy has confronted me with this challenge often enough to turn this issue into the main subject of my talk and to share with the audience how it formed my understanding of function and nature of soil organic matter (SOM). Already shortly after its introduction into soil science in the 1980's, the data obtained with solid-state 13C NMR spectroscopy opened the stage for ongoing discussions, since they showed that in humified SOM aromatic carbon is considerably less important than previously thought. This finding had major implications regarding the understanding of the origin of SOM and the mechanisms by which it is formed. Certainly, the discrepancy between the new results and previous paradigms contributed to mistrust in the reliability of solid-state NMR techniques. The respective discussion has survived up to our days, although already in the 1980's and 1990's fundamental studies could demonstrate that quantitative solid-state NMR data can be obtained if i) correct acquisition parameters are chosen, ii) the impact of paramagnetic compounds is reduced and iii) the presence of soot in soils can be excluded. On the other hand, this mistrust led to a detailed analysis of the impact of paramagnetics on the NMR behavior of C groups which then improved our understanding of the role of carbohydrates

  4. Lie algebraic noncommutative gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerjee, Rabin; Mukherjee, Pradip; Samanta, Saurav

    2007-06-01

    We exploit the Seiberg-Witten map technique to formulate the theory of gravity defined on a Lie algebraic noncommutative space-time. Detailed expressions of the Seiberg-Witten maps for the gauge parameters, gauge potentials, and the field strengths have been worked out. Our results demonstrate that notwithstanding the introduction of more general noncommutative structure there is no first order correction, exactly as happens for a canonical (i.e. constant) noncommutativity.

  5. Introduction to quantum Lie algebras

    CERN Document Server

    Delius, G W

    1996-01-01

    Quantum Lie algebras are generalizations of Lie algebras whose structure constants are power series in h. They are derived from the quantized enveloping algebras \\uqg. The quantum Lie bracket satisfies a generalization of antisymmetry. Representations of quantum Lie algebras are defined in terms of a generalized commutator. In this paper the recent general results about quantum Lie algebras are introduced with the help of the explicit example of (sl_2)_h.

  6. Lie groups, lie algebras, and representations an elementary introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Hall, Brian

    2015-01-01

    This textbook treats Lie groups, Lie algebras and their representations in an elementary but fully rigorous fashion requiring minimal prerequisites. In particular, the theory of matrix Lie groups and their Lie algebras is developed using only linear algebra, and more motivation and intuition for proofs is provided than in most classic texts on the subject. In addition to its accessible treatment of the basic theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras, the book is also noteworthy for including: a treatment of the Baker–Campbell–Hausdorff formula and its use in place of the Frobenius theorem to establish deeper results about the relationship between Lie groups and Lie algebras motivation for the machinery of roots, weights and the Weyl group via a concrete and detailed exposition of the representation theory of sl(3;C) an unconventional definition of semisimplicity that allows for a rapid development of the structure theory of semisimple Lie algebras a self-contained construction of the representations of compac...

  7. Double resonant absorption measurement of acetylene symmetric vibrational states probed with cavity ring down spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Karhu, J; Vainio, M; Metsälä, M; Hoekstra, S; Halonen, L

    2016-01-01

    A novel mid-infrared/near-infrared double resonant absorption setup for studying infrared-inactive vibrational states is presented. A strong vibrational transition in the mid-infrared region is excited using an idler beam from a singly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator, to populate an intermediate vibrational state. High output power of the optical parametric oscillator and the strength of the mid-infrared transition result in efficient population transfer to the intermediate state, which allows measuring secondary transitions from this state with a high signal-to-noise ratio. A secondary, near-infrared transition from the intermediate state is probed using cavity ring down spectroscopy, which provides high sensitivity in this wavelength region. Due to the narrow linewidths of the excitation sources, the rovibrational lines of the secondary transition are measured with sub-Doppler resolution. The setup is used to access a previously unreported symmetric vibrational state of acetylene, $\

  8. Vacuum ultraviolet resonance Raman studies of the excited electronic states of ethylene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sension, Roseanne J.; Hudson, Bruce S.

    1989-02-01

    A resonance Raman study of ethylene has been performed with the use of excitation wavelengths ranging from 200 to 141 nm. Excitation resonant with the V(pi pi -asterisk) state results in Raman spectra exhibiting intensity in the C = C stretching vibration, the CH2 symmetric scissors vibration, the CH2 torsional vibration and the CH2 out-of-plane wagging vibrations. These spectra confirm that the V state is strongly twisted about the C-C bond. They also indicate that the C = CH2 groups are no longer planar in the V state. The spectrum obtained in resonance with the (pi 3d) Rydberg transitions once again exhibits activity in the CH2 symmetric scissors mode.

  9. A new set of potential energy surfaces for HCO: Influence of Renner-Teller coupling on the bound and resonance vibrational states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndengué, Steve Alexandre; Dawes, Richard; Guo, Hua

    2016-06-01

    It is commonly understood that the Renner-Teller effect can strongly influence the spectroscopy of molecules through coupling of electronic states. Here we investigate the vibrational bound states and low-lying resonances of the formyl radical treating the Renner-Teller coupled X˜ 2A' and A˜ 2A″ states using the MultiConfiguration Time Dependent Hartree (MCTDH) method. The calculations were performed using the improved relaxation method for the bound states and a recently published extension to compute resonances. A new set of accurate global potential energy surfaces were computed at the explicitly correlated multireference configuration interaction (MRCI-F12) level and yielded remarkably close agreement with experiment in this application and thus enable future studies including photodissociation and collisional dynamics. The results show the necessity of including the large contribution from a Davidson correction in the electronic structure calculations in order to appreciate the relatively small effect of the Renner-Teller coupling on the states considered here.

  10. Pauli blocking effect on Efimov states near a Feshbach resonance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacNeill, David James; Zhou, Fei

    2011-04-08

    In this Letter we study the effect of Pauli blocking on Efimov states in a quantum Fermi gas and illustrate that the universal Efimov potential is altered at large distances. We obtain the universal spectrum flow of Efimov trimers when the Fermi density is varied and further consider the effect of scattering of trimers by the Fermi sea. We argue that the universal flow is robust against fluctuating particle-hole pairs that result in an infrared catastrophe in impurity problems.

  11. Resonances in the continuum, field induced nonstationary states, and the state and property specific treatment of the many electron problem

    CERN Document Server

    Nicolaides, Cleanthes A

    2016-01-01

    The paper summarizes elements of theories and computational methods that we have constructed and applied over the years for the nonperturbative solution of many electron problems, in the absence or presence of strong external fields, concerning resonance and nonstationary states with a variety of electronic structures.

  12. Tailoring Rydberg interactions via F\\"orster resonances: state combinations, hopping and angular dependence

    CERN Document Server

    Paris-Mandoki, Asaf; Tresp, Christoph; Mirgorodskiy, Ivan; Hofferberth, Sebastian

    2016-01-01

    F\\"orster resonances provide a highly flexible tool to tune both the strength and the angular shape of interactions between two Rydberg atoms. We give a detailed explanation about how F\\"orster resonances can be found by searching through a large range of possible quantum number combinations. We apply our search method to $SS$, $SD$ and $DD$ pair states of $^{87}$Rb with principal quantum numbers from 30 to 100, taking into account the fine structure splitting of the Rydberg states. We find various strong resonances between atoms with a large difference in principal quantum numbers. We quantify the strength of these resonances by introducing a figure of merit $\\tilde C_3$ which is independent of the magnetic quantum number and geometry to classify the resonances by interaction strength. We further predict to what extent interaction exchange is possible on different resonances and point out limitations of the coherent hopping process. Finally, we discuss the angular dependence of the dipole-dipole interaction ...

  13. Hierarchical fractal Weyl laws for chaotic resonance states in open mixed systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Körber, M J; Michler, M; Bäcker, A; Ketzmerick, R

    2013-09-13

    In open chaotic systems the number of long-lived resonance states obeys a fractal Weyl law, which depends on the fractal dimension of the chaotic saddle. We study the generic case of a mixed phase space with regular and chaotic dynamics. We find a hierarchy of fractal Weyl laws, one for each region of the hierarchical decomposition of the chaotic phase-space component. This is based on our observation of hierarchical resonance states localizing on these regions. Numerically this is verified for the standard map and a hierarchical model system.

  14. Two-phonon 1- state in 112Sn observed in resonant photon scattering

    CERN Document Server

    Pysmenetska, I; Karg, O; Kneissl, U; Kohstall, C; Pitz, H H; Ponomarev, V Yu; Scheck, M; Stedile, F; Volz, S; Von Neumann-Cosel, P; Walter, S; Von Garrel, H

    2006-01-01

    Results of a photon scattering experiment on 112Sn using bremsstrahlung with an endpoint energy of E_0 = 3.8 MeV are reported. A J = 1 state at E_x = 3434(1) keV has been excited. Its decay width into the ground state amounts to Gamma_0 = 151(17) meV, making it a candidate for a [2+ x 3-]1- two-phonon state. The results for 112Sn are compared with quasiparticle-phonon model calculations as well as the systematics of the lowest-lying 1- states established in other even-mass tin isotopes. Contrary to findings in the heavier stable even-mass Sn isotopes, no 2+ states between 2 and 3.5 MeV excitation energy have been detected in the present experiment.

  15. Evidence for the ground-state resonance of 26O

    CERN Document Server

    Lunderberg, E; Kohley, Z; Attanayake, H; Baumann, T; Bazin, D; Christian, G; Divaratne, D; Grimes, S M; Haagsma, A; Finck, J E; Frank, N; Luther, B; Mosby, S; Nagy, T; Peaslee, G F; Schiller, A; Snyder, J; Spyrou, A; Strongman, M J; Thoennessen, M

    2012-01-01

    Evidence for the ground state of the neutron-unbound nucleus 26O was observed for the first time in the single proton-knockout reaction from a 82 MeV/u 27F beam. Neutrons were measured in coincidence with 24O fragments. 26O was determined to be unbound by 150+50-150 keV from the observation of low-energy neutrons. This result agrees with recent shell model calculations based on microscopic two- and three-nucleon forces.

  16. Lie algebraic Noncommutative Gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Banerjee, R; Samanta, S; Banerjee, Rabin; Mukherjee, Pradip; Samanta, Saurav

    2007-01-01

    The minimal (unimodular) formulation of noncommutative general relativity, based on gauging the Poincare group, is extended to a general Lie algebra valued noncommutative structure. We exploit the Seiberg -- Witten map technique to formulate the theory as a perturbative Lagrangian theory. Detailed expressions of the Seiberg -- Witten maps for the gauge parameters, gauge potentials and the field strengths have been worked out. Our results demonstrate that notwithstanding the introduction of more general noncommutative structure there is no first order correction, exactly as happens for a canonical (i.e. constant) noncommutativity.

  17. Lied Transplant Center

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-02-01

    The Department of Energy has prepared an Environmental Assessment (DOE/EA-1143) evaluating the construction, equipping and operation of the proposed Lied Transplant Center at the University of Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha, Nebraska. Based on the analysis in the EA, the DOE has determined that the proposed action does not constitute a major federal action significantly affecting the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA). Therefore, the preparation of an Environmental Statement in not required.

  18. Microscopic structure of four body resonances

    CERN Document Server

    Delion, D S

    2002-01-01

    A microscopic approach of four body states, seen as decaying states of scattering resonances is given. The equations of motion describing cluster-like states are derived within the multi-step shell-model approach. The lowest collective two particle Eigenmodes are used as building blocks for the alpha-like states. A good agreement with the low lying states in sup 2 sup 1 sup 2 Po is obtained. The spectroscopic factor of the alpha-decay between ground states is reproduced. It is shown that only by including the continuum part of the single particle spectrum, the decay width for alpha cluster-decay processes is reproduced. The alpha-like structure of the lowest states in sup 2 sup 1 sup 2 Po is analyzed and strong high-lying resonances are predicted. A good agreement with experimental quasi-molecular states in sup 4 sup 0 Ca is obtained. (authors)

  19. Rotational characteristics in the resonance state of the HTSC-permanent magnet hybrid magnetic bearing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morii, Y.; Sukedai, M.; Ohashi, S.

    2011-11-01

    The hybrid magnetic bearing using permanent magnets and the high-Tc bulk superconductor (HTSC) has been developed. Repulsive force of the permanent magnet is introduced to increase the load weight of the magnetic bearing. Effect of the hybrid system has been shown. In this paper, influence of the hybrid system on the dynamic characteristics of the rotor is studied. The rotational characteristics in the mechanical resonance state are studied, and the equivalent magnetic spring coefficient is estimated from the experimental results of the load weight. The resonance frequency is measured by the rotation experiments. The rotor achieves stable levitation even in the resonance state. In the hybrid system, effect of the pinning force becomes smaller than that of the lateral force generated by the repulsive force between the two permanent magnets at the smaller air gap. Thus influence of the lateral vibration and the gradient angle in the resonance state becomes larger at a smaller air gap. The equivalent magnetic spring coefficient becomes also small, and the resonance frequency becomes small in the hybrid bearing system.

  20. Police lie detection accuracy: the effect of lie scenario.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Maureen; Frank, Mark G; Hurley, Carolyn M; Tiwana, Jaspreet

    2009-12-01

    Although most people are not better than chance in detecting deception, some groups of police professionals have demonstrated significant lie detection accuracy. One reason for this difference may be that the types of lies police are asked to judge in scientific experiments often do not represent the types of lies they see in their profession. Across 23 studies, involving 31 different police groups in eight countries, police officers tested with lie detection scenarios using high stakes lies (i.e., the lie was personally involving and/or resulted in substantial rewards or punishments for the liar) were significantly more accurate than law enforcement officials tested with low stakes lies. Face validity and construct validity of various lie scenarios are differentiated.

  1. Octupole correlations in low-lying states of 150Nd and 150Sm and their impact on neutrinoless double-beta decay

    CERN Document Server

    Yao, J M

    2016-01-01

    We present a generator-coordinate calculation, based on a relativistic energy-density functional, of the low-lying spectra in the isotopes $^{150}$Nd and $^{150}$Sm and of the nuclear matrix element that governs the neutrinoless double-beta decay of the first isotope to the second. We carefully examine the impact of octupole correlations on both nuclear structure and the double-beta decay matrix element. Octupole correlations turn out to reduce quadrupole collectivity in both nuclei. Shape fluctuations, however, dilute the effects of octupole deformation on the double-beta decay matrix element, so that the overall octupole-induced quenching is only about 7\\%.

  2. Population of highly excited intermediate resonance states by electron transfer and excitation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schuch, R. (Manne Siegbahn Institute of Physics, S-104 05 Stockholm, Sweden (SE)); Justiniano, E. (Department of Physics, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27858-4353 (USA)); Schulz, M.; Datz, S.; Dittner, P.F.; Giese, J.P.; Krause, H.F.; Schoene, H.; Vane, R. (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6377 (USA)); Shafroth, S. (Department of Physics, North Carolina University, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-3255 (USA))

    1991-05-01

    Coincidences between two sulfur {ital K} x rays were detected from collisions of hydrogenlike S ions with H{sub 2} gas in the projectile energy range between 150 and 225 MeV. These {ital K} x rays are emitted in the decay of doubly excited states formed in the collisions via transfer and excitation. The excitation function for two coincident {ital K}{beta} transitions peaks at about 175 MeV, slightly above the expected {ital KMM} resonance energy for resonant transfer and excitation (RTE). This demonstrates the occurrence of {Delta}{ital N}{ge}2 transitions (i.e., {ital KMM} and higher resonances) in the RTE process. The cross sections for the population of the very highly excited states are higher than those predicted by theoretical calculations that use dielectronic recombination rates folded with the Compton profile for the bound electrons.

  3. Formation mechanism of guided resonances and bound states in the continuum in photonic crystal slabs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Xingwei; Hsu, Chia Wei; Zhen, Bo; Lin, Xiao; Joannopoulos, John D; Soljačić, Marin; Chen, Hongsheng

    2016-08-25

    We develop a formalism, based on the mode expansion method, to describe the guided resonances and bound states in the continuum (BICs) in photonic crystal slabs with one-dimensional periodicity. This approach provides analytic insights to the formation mechanisms of these states: the guided resonances arise from the transverse Fabry-Pérot condition, and the divergence of the resonance lifetimes at the BICs is explained by a destructive interference of radiation from different propagating components inside the slab. We show BICs at the center and on the edge of the Brillouin zone protected by symmetry, BICs at generic wave vectors not protected by symmetry, and the annihilation of BICs at low-symmetry wave vectors.

  4. Telling Lies: The Irrepressible Truth?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Emma J.; Bott, Lewis A.; Patrick, John; Lewis, Michael B.

    2013-01-01

    Telling a lie takes longer than telling the truth but precisely why remains uncertain. We investigated two processes suggested to increase response times, namely the decision to lie and the construction of a lie response. In Experiments 1 and 2, participants were directed or chose whether to lie or tell the truth. A colored square was presented and participants had to name either the true color of the square or lie about it by claiming it was a different color. In both experiments we found that there was a greater difference between lying and telling the truth when participants were directed to lie compared to when they chose to lie. In Experiments 3 and 4, we compared response times when participants had only one possible lie option to a choice of two or three possible options. There was a greater lying latency effect when questions involved more than one possible lie response. Experiment 5 examined response choice mechanisms through the manipulation of lie plausibility. Overall, results demonstrate several distinct mechanisms that contribute to additional processing requirements when individuals tell a lie. PMID:23573277

  5. Properties of bound, resonant, and regular continuum states of the excitation spectrum of symmetric liquid 4He films at T=0 K

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szybisz, Leszek

    1996-03-01

    Elementary excitations in rather thick symmetric films of liquid 4He at T=0 K are investigated. They are characterized by a momentum ħq parallel to the surface and may be described by bound or continuum states, which are obtained by solving a Bogoliubov-type equation formulated within the framework of the paired-phonon analysis and the hypernetted-chain approximation. Films of coverages nc=0.3 and 0.4 Å-2 confined by simple Gaussian potentials are studied. The excitation spectrum is numerically evaluated by discretizing the associated eigenvalue problem in a finite box. The evolution of the energy levels as a function of the box size is explored. Examples of the calculated energies and wave functions are displayed in a series of figures. Two differing sorts of continuum states may be distinguished. Depending on the behavior of their excitation energies as a function of the box size on the one hand, and the spatial distribution of their wave functions inside the film and in the asymptotic region far apart from the interface layer on the other, the continuum solutions can be separated into two classes of excitations: (a) the ``regular'' continuum states and (b) the ``resonant modes.'' The matrix elements of the particle-hole potential and the penetration factors of the most important states are examined. The lowest-lying branch of states is always bound and for q~qR the structure factor is determined by the contributions originated from the three lowest-lying even states. At q~=qR there is a dramatic transfer of strength from the bound continuation of the hardest ``resonant mode'' to the ripplon excitation. Experimental data of the inelastic structure factor S(q,ħω) may be satisfactorily interpreted on the basis of our calculation. On the other hand, it is shown that for 2.9<=q<=3.9 Å-1 the lowest-lying excitations become surface modes again.

  6. Efficient Computation of Transition State Resonances and Reaction Rates from a Quantum Normal Form

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schubert, Roman; Waalkens, Holger; Wiggins, Stephen

    2006-01-01

    A quantum version of a recent formulation of transition state theory in phase space is presented. The theory developed provides an algorithm to compute quantum reaction rates and the associated Gamov-Siegert resonances with very high accuracy. The algorithm is especially efficient for multi-degree-o

  7. Empirical Baye's Method and Roper Resonance State in Very Light Quark Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董绍静; 张剑波; 应和平

    2003-01-01

    Based on the Bayesian theorem, an empirical Baye method is discussed. A programming chart for mass spectrum fitting is suggested. Using this method to extract the spectrum, we observe the puzzled Roper resonance state on a 163 × 28 lattice with overlap fermions at very light quark region.

  8. Resonance raman and absorption spectra of isomeric retinals in their lowest excited triplet states

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilbrandt, Robert Walter; Jensen, N.-H.; Houee-Levin, C.

    1985-01-01

    implications about the size of the energy barriers separating the various triplet species are discussed. The resonance Raman spectra obtained by using either anthracene (ET = 177.7 kJ mol-1) or naphthalene (ET = 254.8 kJ mol-1) as sensitizers were virtually identical for the corresponding triplet states from...

  9. Study of coals by high resolution solid state nuclear magnetic resonance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨保联; 冯继文; 周建威; 李丽云; 叶朝辉

    1999-01-01

    By using high resolution solid state nuclear magnetic resonance method, six coal samples coming from four countries were investigated. Twelve structural parameters of these samples were measured and compared with those of Chinese coals. Spectral editing experiment was carried out and 15N NMR spectrum was obtained.

  10. Group discussion improves lie detection

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nadav Klein; Nicholas Epley

    2015-01-01

    ... identify when a person is lying. These experiments demonstrate that the group advantage in lie detection comes through the process of group discussion, and is not a product of aggregating individual opinions...

  11. An improved model electronic Hamiltonian for potential energy surfaces and spin-orbit couplings of low-lying d-d states of [Fe(bpy)3]2+.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iuchi, Satoru; Koga, Nobuaki

    2014-01-14

    With the aim of exploring excited state dynamics, a model electronic Hamiltonian for several low-lying d-d states of [Fe(bpy)3](2+) complex [S. Iuchi, J. Chem. Phys. 136, 064519 (2012)] is refined using density-functional theory calculations of singlet, triplet, and quintet states as benchmarks. Spin-orbit coupling elements are also evaluated within the framework of the model Hamiltonian. The accuracy of the developed model Hamiltonian is determined by examining potential energies and spin-orbit couplings at surface crossing regions between different spin states. Insights into the potential energy surfaces around surface crossing regions are also provided through molecular dynamics simulations. The results demonstrate that the constructed model Hamiltonian can be used for studies on the d-d excited state dynamics of [Fe(bpy)3](2+).

  12. Baryons from quantum mechanics on the Lie group u(3)

    CERN Document Server

    Trinhammer, Ole L

    2011-01-01

    We develop a hamiltonian framework on the Lie group u(3), which we call allospace and which is supposed to carry all the colour dynamics needed to describe the baryon spectrum. The energy eigenstates of our particular Schr\\"odinger equation tends to predict realistically all certain baryon resonances in the NDelta sector. The grouping and number of resonances is predicted by the model from a single fitting of the ground state N(939). The Hamiltonian also contains terms from the group space Laplacian to take care of the superimposed hypercharge and isospin flavour structure. Scarce neutral flavour singlet resonances are predicted and may show up around 4500 MeV in neutron diffraction dissociation experiments above the threshold in the free charm system Sigmacplus(2455)Dminus . We give a controversial prediction of the neutron-proton mass difference as originating in a period doubling of certain parametric states. The group space dynamics communicates with real space via the exterior derivative which projects o...

  13. Analysis of Three Body Resonances in the Complex Scaled Orthogonal Condition Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Odsuren, M., E-mail: odsuren@nucl.sci.hokudai.ac.jp [Meme Media Laboratory, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8628 (Japan); Nuclear Research Center, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar 210646 (Mongolia); Katō, K.; Aikawa, M. [Nuclear Reaction Data Centre, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810 (Japan)

    2014-06-15

    Although the resonance structures of α+α+n have been studied experimentally and theoretically, it is still necessary to have more accurate and comprehensive understandings of the structure and decay of the low-lying excited states in {sup 9}Be. To perform calculations of an α+α+n system, we investigate five resonant states of α+α subsystem by utilizing different potential parameters and basis functions. In addition, two resonance states of α+n subsystem are computed.

  14. Preparation of Entangled Atomic States Through Resonant Atom-Field Interaction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    A scheme is proposed for the generation of two-atom maximally entangled states and multi-atom maximally entangled states of W class. The scheme is based on the simultaneous resonant interaction of atoms with a single-mode cavity field. It does not require accurate adjustment of the interaction time. The time needed to complete the generation does not increase with the number of the atom.

  15. Scattering resonances and two-particle bound states of the extended Hubbard model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valiente, M; Petrosyan, D [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, FORTH, 71110 Heraklion, Crete (Greece)

    2009-06-28

    We present a complete derivation of two-particle states of the one-dimensional extended Bose-Hubbard model involving attractive or repulsive on-site and nearest-neighbour interactions. We find that this system possesses scattering resonances and two families of energy-dependent interaction-bound states which are not present in the Hubbard model with the on-site interaction alone. (fast track communication)

  16. Lying because we care: Compassion increases prosocial lying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lupoli, Matthew J; Jampol, Lily; Oveis, Christopher

    2017-07-01

    Prosocial lies, or lies intended to benefit others, are ubiquitous behaviors that have important social and economic consequences. Though emotions play a central role in many forms of prosocial behavior, no work has investigated how emotions influence behavior when one has the opportunity to tell a prosocial lie-a situation that presents a conflict between two prosocial ethics: lying to prevent harm to another, and honesty, which might also provide benefits to the target of the lie. Here, we examine whether the emotion of compassion influences prosocial lying, and find that compassion causally increases and positively predicts prosocial lying. In Studies 1 and 2, participants evaluated a poorly written essay and provided feedback to the essay writer. Experimentally induced compassion felt toward the essay writer (Study 1) and individual differences in trait compassion (Study 2) were positively associated with inflated feedback to the essay writer. In both of these studies, the relationship between compassion and prosocial lying was partially mediated by an enhanced importance placed on preventing emotional harm. In Study 3, we found moderation such that experimentally induced compassion increased lies that resulted in financial gains for a charity, but not lies that produced financial gains for the self. This research illuminates the emotional underpinnings of the common yet morally complex behavior of prosocial lying, and builds on work highlighting the potentially harmful effects of compassion-an emotion typically seen as socially beneficial. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  17. On the Logic of Lying

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H. van Ditmarsch (Hans); D.J.N. van Eijck (Jan); F.A.G. Sietsma (Floor)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractWe model lying as a communicative act changing the beliefs of the agents in a multi-agent system. With Augustine, we see lying as an utterance believed to be false by the speaker and uttered with the intent to deceive the addressee. The deceit is successful if the lie is believed

  18. Lying relies on the truth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Debey, E.; De Houwer, J.; Verschuere, B.

    2014-01-01

    Cognitive models of deception focus on the conflict-inducing nature of the truth activation during lying. Here we tested the counterintuitive hypothesis that the truth can also serve a functional role in the act of lying. More specifically, we examined whether the construction of a lie can involve a

  19. Lying relies on the truth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Debey, E.; De Houwer, J.; Verschuere, B.

    2014-01-01

    Cognitive models of deception focus on the conflict-inducing nature of the truth activation during lying. Here we tested the counterintuitive hypothesis that the truth can also serve a functional role in the act of lying. More specifically, we examined whether the construction of a lie can involve a

  20. Pre-Lie Deformation Theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dotsenko, V.; Shadrin, S.; Vallette, B.

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we develop the deformation theory controlled by pre-Lie algebras; the main tool is a new integration theory for preLie algebras. The main field of application lies in homotopy algebra structures over a Koszul operad; in this case, we provide a homotopical description of the associated

  1. Pseudomultidimensional NMR by spin-state selective off-resonance decoupling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grace, Christy Rani R; Riek, Roland

    2003-12-24

    An alternate technique for accurately monitoring the chemical shift in multidimensional NMR experiments using spin-state selective off-resonance decoupling is presented here. By applying off-resonance decoupling on spin S during acquisition of spin I, we scaled the scalar coupling J(I,S) between the spins, and the residual scalar coupling turns out to be a function of the chemical shift of spin S. Thus, the chemical shift information of spin S is indirectly retained, without an additional evolution period and the accompanying polarization transfer elements. The detection of the components of the doublet using spin-state selection enables an accurate measurement of the residual scalar coupling and a precise value for the chemical shift, concomitantly. The spin-state selection further yields two subspectra comprising either one of the two components of the doublet and thereby avoiding the overlap problems that arise from off-resonance decoupling. In general, spin-state selective off-resonance decoupling can be incorporated into any pulse sequence. Here, the concept of spin-state selective off-resonance decoupling is applied to 3D (13)C or (15)N-resolved [(1)H,(1)H]-NOESY experiments, adding the chemical shift of the heavy atom attached to the hydrogen ((13)C or (15)N nuclei) with high resolution resulting in a pseudo-4D. These pseudo-4D heavy-atom resolved [(1)H, (1)H]-NOESY experiments contain chemical shift information comparable to that of 4D (13)C or (15)N-resolved [(1)H,(1)H]-NOESY, but with an increase in chemical shift resolution by 1-2 orders of magnitude.

  2. Using Brain Imaging for Lie Detection: Where Science, Law and Research Policy Collide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langleben, Daniel D; Moriarty, Jane Campbell

    2013-05-01

    Progress in the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of the brain to evaluate deception and differentiate lying from truth-telling has created anticipation of a breakthrough in the search for technology-based methods of lie detection. In the last few years, litigants have attempted to introduce fMRI lie detection evidence in courts. This article weighs in on the interdisciplinary debate about the admissibility of such evidence, identifying the missing pieces of the scientific puzzle that need to be completed if fMRI-based lie detection is to meet the standards of either legal reliability or general acceptance. We believe that the Daubert's "known error rate" is the key concept linking the legal and scientific standards. We posit that properly-controlled clinical trials are the most convincing means to determine the error rates of fMRI-based lie detection and confirm or disprove the relevance of the promising laboratory research on this topic. This article explains the current state of the science and provides an analysis of the case law in which litigants have sought to introduce fMRI lie detection. Analyzing the myriad issues related to fMRI lie detection, the article identifies the key limitations of the current neuroimaging of deception science as expert evidence and explores the problems that arise from using scientific evidence before it is proven scientifically valid and reliable. We suggest that courts continue excluding fMRI lie detection evidence until this potentially useful form of forensic science meets the scientific standards currently required for adoption of a medical test or device. Given a multitude of stakeholders and, the charged and controversial nature and the potential societal impact of this technology, goodwill and collaboration of several government agencies may be required to sponsor impartial and comprehensive clinical trials that will guide the development of forensic fMRI technology.

  3. Simple mass estimates for resonance(s) being 6 top + 6 antitop bound states and combinations thereof

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nielsen, H. B.

    2016-11-01

    We have long speculated,2,12,50-62 that 6 top + 6 antitop quarks due to the relatively large size of the top-Yukawa coupling would bind exceptionally strongly by mainly Higgs exchange. Here we present a surprisingly simple “calculation” of the mass of this speculated bound state. Even a possible resonance in scattering of two such bound states is speculated. For the “calculation” of the masses it is crucial to assume, that our since long speculated principle “multiple point principle,”5-18 is true. This principle says: there are several vacua all having almost zero energy density. Further, we make an approximation of the Higgs Yukawa potential essentially replacing the exponential in it by a step-function. The new result means that there are now two independent calls for our bound state having the mass around 750 GeV required by our “new law of nature” the Multiple Point Principle. It should be remarked that in our picture there is no new physics in the sense of new fundamental particles, but the “multiple point principle” is new in the sense of being not yet accepted. Further, we get the same mass within uncertainties as earlier2 but now from a completely different assumption, except for being from our “multiple point principle.” But the two masses are gotten from using different (speculative) vacua occurring in the pure Standard Model.

  4. Unstable quantum oscillator with point interactions: Maverick resonances, antibound states and other surprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez, J. J.; Gadella, M.; Lara, L. P.; Maldonado-Villamizar, F. H.

    2013-11-01

    In the search for solvable or quasi-solvable models for resonances, we consider a one-dimensional potential, which is a harmonic oscillator for x0. After a study of this model, we add a mass jump at the origin and study the effect of the combination of the mass jump and the point potential. We obtain the behavior of resonances, bound and antibound states in terms of given parameters. In spite of the simplicity of the model, it shows quite interesting and unexpected features.

  5. Unstable quantum oscillator with point interactions: Maverick resonances, antibound states and other surprises

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alvarez, J.J. [Escuela Universitaria de Informática, Universidad de Valladolid, 40005 Segovia (Spain); Gadella, M., E-mail: manuelgadella1@gmail.com [Department of FTAO, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valladolid, Paseo Belén 7, 47011 Valladolid (Spain); Lara, L.P. [Departamento de Física, FCEIA, Universidad Nacional de Rosario, Avda. Pellegrini 250, Rosario (Argentina); Maldonado-Villamizar, F.H. [Departamento de Física, Centro de Investigación y Estudios Avanzados del IPN, 07360 México DF (Mexico)

    2013-11-15

    In the search for solvable or quasi-solvable models for resonances, we consider a one-dimensional potential, which is a harmonic oscillator for x<0, has a point potential at the origin of the form aδ(x)+bδ{sup ′}(x) and no interaction for x>0. After a study of this model, we add a mass jump at the origin and study the effect of the combination of the mass jump and the point potential. We obtain the behavior of resonances, bound and antibound states in terms of given parameters. In spite of the simplicity of the model, it shows quite interesting and unexpected features.

  6. Rydberg blockade, F\\"orster resonances, and quantum state measurements with different atomic species

    CERN Document Server

    Beterov, I I

    2015-01-01

    We calculate interspecies Rydberg-Rydberg interaction strengths for the heavy alkalis Rb and Cs. The presence of strong F\\"orster resonances makes interspecies coupling a promising approach for long range entanglement generation. We also provide an overview of the strongest F\\"orster resonances for Rb-Rb and Cs-Cs using different principal quantum numbers for the two atoms. We show how interspecies coupling can be used for high fidelity quantum non demolition state measurements with low crosstalk in qubit arrays.

  7. Multichannel calculation for Ds* vector states and the Ds(2632) resonance

    CERN Document Server

    Van Beveren, E; Beveren, Eef van; Rupp, George

    2004-01-01

    We study bound states below threshold and resonances above threshold in the D0-K+ and Ds-eta systems, using a many-coupled-channel model for non-exotic meson-meson scattering applied to states with the quantum numbers of c-sbar quark-antiquark vector mesons. We fit the ground state at 2.112 GeV, whence the lowest resonances in D0-K+ come out at 2.43, 2.61, 2.73, 3.06, and 3.11 GeV. The resonance at 2.61 GeV acquires a width of about 3 MeV, while its partial P-wave cross section is up to six times larger in Ds-eta than in D0-K+, provided a mechanism accounting for Okubo-Zweig-Iizuka--forbidden decays is included. The latter finding is in agreement with the observations of the SELEX collaboration with respect to the recently reported Ds(2632) resonance. Therefore, we conclude that the Ds(2632) is most probably the first radial excitation of the Ds*(2112) meson.

  8. Quasi-bound states, resonance tunnelling, and tunnelling times generated by twin symmetric barriers

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A Uma Maheswari; P Prema; S Mahadevan; C S Shastry

    2009-12-01

    In analogy with the definition of resonant or quasi-bound states used in three-dimensional quantal scattering, we define the quasi-bound states that occur in one-dimensional transmission generated by twin symmetric potential barriers and evaluate their energies and widths using two typical examples: (i) twin rectangular barrier and (ii) twin Gaussian-type barrier. The energies at which reflectionless transmission occurs correspond to these states and the widths of the transmission peaks are also the same as those of quasi-bound states. We compare the behaviour of the magnitude of wave functions of quasi-bound states with those for bound states and with the above-barrier state wave function. We deduce a Breit–Wigner-type resonance formula which neatly describes the variation of transmission coefficient as a function of energy at below-barrier energies. Similar formula with additional empirical term explains approximately the peaks of transmission coefficients at above-barrier energies as well. Further, we study the variation of tunnelling time as a function of energy and compare the same with transmission, reflection time and Breit–Wigner delay time around a quasi-bound state energy. We also find that tunnelling time is of the same order of magnitude as lifetime of the quasi-bound state, but somewhat larger.

  9. Ab initio studies of low-lying 3Sigma(-), 3Pi, and 5Sigma(-) states of NH. I - Potential curves and dipole moment functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldfield, Evelyn M.; Kirby, Kate P.

    1987-01-01

    Configuration interaction wave functions, potential energy curves, and dipole moment functions have been calculated for the four lowest 3Sigma(-) and the three lowest 3Pi states and 5Sigma(-) states of NH. The electronic wave functions were constructed to give a balanced description of valence-Rydberg interactions. Two repulsive states have been identified as important photodissociation pathways. Spectroscopic constants are presented for the bound states, and results are compared to other theoretical and experimental work. The possible predissociation of the A 3Pi state by the 1 5Sigma(-) state is discussed.

  10. Ab initio studies of low-lying 3Sigma(-), 3Pi, and 5Sigma(-) states of NH. I - Potential curves and dipole moment functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldfield, Evelyn M.; Kirby, Kate P.

    1987-01-01

    Configuration interaction wave functions, potential energy curves, and dipole moment functions have been calculated for the four lowest 3Sigma(-) and the three lowest 3Pi states and 5Sigma(-) states of NH. The electronic wave functions were constructed to give a balanced description of valence-Rydberg interactions. Two repulsive states have been identified as important photodissociation pathways. Spectroscopic constants are presented for the bound states, and results are compared to other theoretical and experimental work. The possible predissociation of the A 3Pi state by the 1 5Sigma(-) state is discussed.

  11. Quantization on nilpotent Lie groups

    CERN Document Server

    Fischer, Veronique

    2016-01-01

    This book presents a consistent development of the Kohn-Nirenberg type global quantization theory in the setting of graded nilpotent Lie groups in terms of their representations. It contains a detailed exposition of related background topics on homogeneous Lie groups, nilpotent Lie groups, and the analysis of Rockland operators on graded Lie groups together with their associated Sobolev spaces. For the specific example of the Heisenberg group the theory is illustrated in detail. In addition, the book features a brief account of the corresponding quantization theory in the setting of compact Lie groups. The monograph is the winner of the 2014 Ferran Sunyer i Balaguer Prize.

  12. Quantum and classical confinement of resonant states in a trilayer graphene Fabry-Pérot interferometer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos, L C; Young, A F; Surakitbovorn, K; Watanabe, K; Taniguchi, T; Jarillo-Herrero, P

    2012-01-01

    The advent of few-layer graphene has given rise to a new family of two-dimensional systems with emergent electronic properties governed by relativistic quantum mechanics. The multiple carbon sublattices endow the electronic wavefunctions with pseudospin, a lattice analogue of the relativistic electron spin, whereas the multilayer structure leads to electric-field-effect tunable electronic bands. Here we use these properties to realize giant conductance oscillations in ballistic trilayer graphene Fabry-Pérot interferometers, which result from phase coherent transport through resonant bound states beneath an electrostatic barrier. We confine these states by selectively decoupling them from the leads, resulting in transport via non-resonant states and suppression of the giant oscillations. The confinement is achieved both classically, by manipulating quasiparticle momenta with a magnetic field, and quantum mechanically, by locally varying the pseudospin character of the carrier wavefunctions. Our results illustrate the unique potential of trilayer graphene as a versatile platform for electron optics and pseudospintronics.

  13. Topological phononic states of underwater sound based on coupled ring resonators

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He, Cheng; Li, Zheng; Ni, Xu; Sun, Xiao-Chen; Yu, Si-Yuan [National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Lu, Ming-Hui, E-mail: luminghui@nju.edu.cn; Liu, Xiao-Ping; Chen, Yan-Feng [National Laboratory of Solid State Microstructures and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

    2016-01-18

    We report a design of topological phononic states for underwater sound using arrays of acoustic coupled ring resonators. In each individual ring resonator, two degenerate acoustic modes, corresponding to clockwise and counter-clockwise propagation, are treated as opposite pseudospins. The gapless edge states arise in the bandgap resulting in protected pseudospin-dependent sound transportation, which is a phononic analogue of the quantum spin Hall effect. We also investigate the robustness of the topological sound state, suggesting that the observed pseudospin-dependent sound transportation remains unless the introduced defects facilitate coupling between the clockwise and counter-clockwise modes (in other words, the original mode degeneracy is broken). The topological engineering of sound transportation will certainly promise unique design for next generation of acoustic devices in sound guiding and switching, especially for underwater acoustic devices.

  14. Teleportation of two-atom entangled state in resonant cavity quantum electrodynamics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Zhen-Biao

    2007-01-01

    An alternative scheme is presented for teleportation of a two-atom entangled state in cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED). It is based on the resonant atom-cavity field interaction. In the scheme, only one cavity is involved, and the number of the atoms needed to be detected is decreased compared with the previous scheme. Since the resonant atom-cavity field interaction greatly reduces the interaction time, the decoherence effect can be effectively suppressed during the teleportation process. The experimental feasibility of the scheme is discussed. The scheme can easily be generalized to the teleportation of N-atom Greeninger-Horne-Zeilinger (GHZ) entangled states. The number of atoms needed to be detected does not increase as the number of the atoms in the GHZ state increases.

  15. On the Floquet–Magnus expansion: Applications in solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance and physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mananga, Eugene Stephane, E-mail: emananga@gradcenter.cuny.edu [Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Center for Advanced Medical Imaging Sciences, Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging Physics, Department of Radiology, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02114 (United States); Charpentier, Thibault, E-mail: thibault.charpentier@cea.fr [Commissariat à l’Energie Atomique, IRAMIS, Service interdisciplinaire sur les systèmes moléculaires et matériaux, CEA/CNRS UMR 3299, 91191, Gif-sur-Yvette (France)

    2016-01-22

    Theoretical approaches are useful and powerful tools for more accurate and efficient spin dynamics simulation to understand experiments and devising new RF pulse sequence in nuclear magnetic resonance. Solid-state NMR is definitely a timely topic or area of research, and not many papers on the respective theories are available in the literature of nuclear magnetic resonance or physics reports. This report presents the power and the salient features of the promising theoretical approach called Floquet–Magnus expansion that is helpful to describe the time evolution of the spin system at all times in nuclear magnetic resonance. The report presents a broad view of algorithms of spin dynamics, based on promising and useful theory of Floquet–Magnus expansion. This theory provides procedures to control and describe the spin dynamics in solid-state NMR. Major applications of the Floquet–Magnus expansion are illustrated by simple solid-state NMR and physical applications such as in nuclear, atomic, molecular physics, and quantum mechanics, NMR, quantum field theory and high energy physics, electromagnetism, optics, general relativity, search of periodic orbits, and geometric control of mechanical systems. The aim of this report is to bring to the attention of the spin dynamics community, the bridge that exists between solid-state NMR and other related fields of physics and applied mathematics. This review article also discusses future potential theoretical directions in solid-state NMR.

  16. Resonance frequency shifts due to quantized electronic states in atomically thin NEMS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Changyao; Deshpande, Vikram; Koshino, Mikito; Lee, Sunwoo; Gondarenko, Alexander; MacDonald, Allan; Kim, Philip; Hone, James

    The classic picture of the force exerted on a parallel plate capacitor assumes infinite density of states (DOS), which implies identical electrochemical and electrostatic potential. However, such assumption can breakdown in low-dimensional devices where the DOS is finite or quantized. Here we consider the mechanical resonance shift of a nanoelectromechanical (NEMS) resonator with small DOS, actuated and detected capacitively at fixed electrochemical potential. We found three leading correction terms to the classical picture: the first term leads to the modulation of static force due to the variation in chemical potential, and the second and third terms are related to the static and dynamic changes in spring constants, caused by quantum capacitance. The theory agrees well with recent experimental findings from graphene resonator in quantum Hall regimes, where the chemical potential and quantum capacitance are tuned by magnetic field, while the gate voltage is kept constant.

  17. Attainable entanglement of unitary transformed thermal states in liquid-state nuclear magnetic resonance with the chemical shift

    CERN Document Server

    Ota, Y; Ohba, I; Yoshida, N; Mikami, Shuji; Ohba, Ichiro; Ota, Yukihiro; Yoshida, Noriyuki

    2006-01-01

    Recently, Yu, Brown, and Chuang [Phys. Rev. A {\\bf 71}, 032341 (2005)] investigated the entanglement attainable from unitary transformed thermal states in liquid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Their research gave an insight into the role of the entanglement in a liquid-state NMR quantum computer. Moreover, they attempted to reveal the role of mixed-state entanglement in quantum computing. However, they assumed that the Zeeman energy of each nuclear spin which corresponds to a qubit takes a common value for all; there is no chemical shift. In this paper, we research a model with the chemical shifts and analytically derive the physical parameter region where unitary transformed thermal states are entangled, by the positive partial transposition (PPT) criterion with respect to any bipartition. We examine the effect of the chemical shifts on the boundary between the separability and the nonseparability, and find it is negligible.

  18. Interfering resonances in a quantum billiard

    CERN Document Server

    Persson, E; Rotter, I; Seba, P

    1998-01-01

    We present a method for numerically obtaining the positions, widths and wavefunctions of resonance states in a two dimensional billiard connected to a waveguide. For a rectangular billiard, we study the dynamics of three resonance poles lying separated from the other ones. As a function of increasing coupling strength between the waveguide and the billiard two of the states become trapped while the width of the third one continues to increase for all coupling strengths. This behavior of the resonance poles is reflected in the time delay function which can be studied experimentally.

  19. Resonance Raman Spectroscopic and Theoretical Study of Geometry Distortion of Thiourea in 21A State

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hai-bo Zhang; Yan-ying Zhao; Xu-ming Zheng

    2012-01-01

    The A-band resonance Raman spectra of thiourea were obtained in water and acetonitrile solution.B3LYP/6-311++G(3df,3pd) and RCIS/6-311++G(3df,3pd) calculations were done to elucidate the ultraviolet electronic transitions,the distorted geometry structure and the saddle point of thiourea in 21A excited state,respectively.The resonance Raman spectra were assigned.The absorption spectrum and resonance Raman intensities were modeled using Heller's time-dependent wavepacket approach to resonance Raman scattering.The results indicate that largest change in the displacement takes place with the C=S stretch mode v6 (|Δ|=0.95) and noticeable changes appear in the HsN3H6+H8N4H7 wag v5 (|Δ|=0.19),NCN symmetric stretch+C=S stretch+N3H6+H8N4 wag v4 (|Δ|=0.18),while the moderate intensities of 2v15 and 4v15 are mostly due to the large excited state frequency changes of v15,but not due to its significant change in the normal mode displacement.The mechanism of the appearance of even overtones of the S=CN2 out of plane deformation is explored.The results indicate that a Franck-Condon region saddle point is the driving force for the quadric phonon mechanism within the standard A-term of resonance Raman scattering,which leads to the pyramidalization of the carbon center and the geometry distortion of thiourea molecule in 21A excited state.

  20. Resonances from QCD bound states and the 750 GeV diphoton excess

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kats, Yevgeny; Strassler, Matthew J.

    2016-05-01

    Pair production of colored particles is in general accompanied by production of QCD bound states (onia) slightly below the pair-production threshold. Bound state annihilation leads to resonant signals, which in some cases are easier to see than the decays of the pair-produced constituents. In a previous paper ( arXiv:1204.1119 URL"/> ) we estimated the bound state signals, at leading order and in the Coulomb approximation, for particles with various spins, color representations and electric charges, and used 7 TeV ATLAS and CMS resonance searches to set rough limits. Here we update our results to include 8 and 13 TeV data. We find that the recently reported diphoton excesses near 750 GeV could indeed be due to a bound state of this kind. A narrow resonance of the correct size could be obtained for a color-triplet scalar with electric charge -4/3 and mass near 375GeV, if (as a recent lattice computation suggests) the wave function at the origin is somewhat larger than anticipated. Pair production of this particle could have evaded detection up to now. Other candidates may include a triplet scalar of charge 5/3, a triplet fermion of charge -4/3, and perhaps a sextet scalar of charge -2/3.

  1. Resonances from QCD bound states and the 750 GeV diphoton excess

    CERN Document Server

    Kats, Yevgeny

    2016-01-01

    Pair production of colored particles is in general accompanied by production of QCD bound states (onia) slightly below the pair-production threshold. Bound state annihilation leads to resonant signals, which in some cases are easier to see than the decays of the pair-produced constituents. In a previous paper (arXiv:1204.1119) we estimated the bound state signals, at leading order and in the Coulomb approximation, for particles with various spins, color representations and electric charges, and used 7 TeV ATLAS and CMS resonance searches to set rough limits. Here we update our results to include 8 and 13 TeV data. We find that the recently reported diphoton excesses near 750 GeV could indeed be due to a bound state of this kind. A narrow resonance of the correct size could be obtained for a color-triplet scalar with electric charge -4/3 and mass near 375 GeV, if (as a recent lattice computation suggests) the wave function at the origin is somewhat larger than anticipated. Pair production of this particle coul...

  2. Reconfigurable Solid-state Dye-doped Polymer Ring Resonator Lasers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandrahalim, Hengky; Fan, Xudong

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents wavelength configurable on-chip solid-state ring lasers fabricated by a single-mask standard lithography. The single- and coupled-ring resonator hosts were fabricated on a fused-silica wafer and filled with 3,3′-Diethyloxacarbocyanine iodide (CY3), Rhodamine 6G (R6G), and 3,3′-Diethylthiadicarbocyanine iodide (CY5)-doped polymer as the reconfigurable gain media. The recorded lasing threshold was ~220 nJ/mm2 per pulse for the single-ring resonator laser with R6G, marking the lowest threshold shown by solid-state dye-doped polymer lasers fabricated with a standard lithography process on a chip. A single-mode lasing from a coupled-ring resonator system with the lasing threshold of ~360 nJ/mm2 per pulse was also demonstrated through the Vernier effect. The renewability of the dye-doped polymer was examined by removing and redepositing the dye-doped polymer on the same resonator hosts for multiple cycles. We recorded consistent emissions from the devices for all trials, suggesting the feasibility of employing this technology for numerous photonic and biochemical sensing applications that entail for sustainable, reconfigurable, and low lasing threshold coherent light sources on a chip. PMID:26674508

  3. Selective addressing of solid-state spins at the nanoscale via magnetic resonance frequency encoding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, H.; Arai, K.; Belthangady, C.; Jaskula, J.-C.; Walsworth, R. L.

    2017-08-01

    The nitrogen vacancy centre in diamond is a leading platform for nanoscale sensing and imaging, as well as quantum information processing in the solid state. To date, individual control of two nitrogen vacancy electronic spins at the nanoscale has been demonstrated. However, a key challenge is to scale up such control to arrays of nitrogen vacancy spins. Here, we apply nanoscale magnetic resonance frequency encoding to realize site-selective addressing and coherent control of a four-site array of nitrogen vacancy spins. Sites in the array are separated by 100 nm, with each site containing multiple nitrogen vacancies separated by 15 nm. Microcoils fabricated on the diamond chip provide electrically tuneable magnetic field gradients 0.1 G/nm. Tailored application of gradient fields and resonant microwaves allow site-selective nitrogen vacancy spin manipulation and sensing applications, including Rabi oscillations, imaging, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy with nanoscale resolution. Microcoil-based magnetic resonance of solid-state spins provides a practical platform for quantum-assisted sensing, quantum information processing, and the study of nanoscale spin networks.

  4. The low-lying excited states of neutral polyacenes and their radical cations: a quantum chemical study employing the algebraic diagrammatic construction scheme of second order

    OpenAIRE

    Knippenberg, Stefan; Starcke, Jan-Hendrik; Wormit, Michael; Dreuw, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    Abstract The vertical excited electronic states of linearly fused neutral polyacenes and their radical cations have been investigated using the algebraic diagrammatic construction scheme of sec- ond order (ADC(2)). While strict ADC(2) (ADC(2)-s) correctly reproduces trends for mainly singly excited states, in extended ADC(2) (ADC(2)-x) the description of doubly excited states is critically improved. It is shown that a combined application of strict and extended ADC(2) nicely reveal...

  5. Lie Subalgebras in a Certain Operator Lie Algebra with Involution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shan Li SUN; Xue Feng MA

    2011-01-01

    We show in a certain Lie'-algebra,the connections between the Lie subalgebra G+:=G+G*+[G,G*],generated by a Lie subalgebra G,and the properties of G.This allows us to investigate some useful information about the structure of such two Lie subalgebras.Some results on the relations between the two Lie subalgebras are obtained.As an application,we get the following conclusion:Let A (∪) B(X)be a space of self-adjoint operators and L:=A ⊕ iA the corresponding complex Lie*-algebra.G+=G+G*+[G,G*]and G are two LM-decomposable Lie subalgebras of,L with the decomposition G+=R(G+)+S,G=RG+SG,and RG (∪) R(C+).Then G+ is ideally finite iff RG+:=RG+RG*+[RG,RG*]is a quasisolvable Lie subalgebra,SG+:=SG+SG*+[SG,SG*]is an ideally finite semisimple Lie subalgebra,and [RG,SG]=[RG*,SG]={0}.

  6. Structural dynamics of phenylisothiocyanate in the light-absorbing excited states: Resonance Raman and complete active space self-consistent field calculation study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ouyang, Bing, E-mail: ouyangbing.zj@foxmail.com; Xue, Jia-Dan, E-mail: jenniexue@126.com; Zheng, Xuming, E-mail: zhengxuming126@126.com, E-mail: zxm@zstu.edu.cn, E-mail: fangwh@dnu.edu.cn [Department of Chemistry, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018 (China); Fang, Wei-Hai, E-mail: zxm@zstu.edu.cn, E-mail: fangwh@dnu.edu.cn, E-mail: fangwh@dnu.edu.cn [Department of Chemistry, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China)

    2014-05-21

    The excited state structural dynamics of phenyl isothiocyanate (PITC) after excitation to the light absorbing S{sub 2}(A′), S{sub 6}(A′), and S{sub 7}(A′) excited states were studied by using the resonance Raman spectroscopy and complete active space self-consistent field method calculations. The UV absorption bands of PITC were assigned. The vibrational assignments were done on the basis of the Fourier transform (FT)-Raman and FT-infrared measurements, the density-functional theory computations, and the normal mode analysis. The A-, B-, and C-bands resonance Raman spectra in cyclohexane, acetonitrile, and methanol solvents were, respectively, obtained at 299.1, 282.4, 266.0, 252.7, 228.7, 217.8, and 208.8 nm excitation wavelengths to probe the corresponding structural dynamics of PITC. The results indicated that the structural dynamics in the S{sub 2}(A′), S{sub 6}(A′), and S{sub 7}(A′) excited states were very different. The conical intersection point CI(S{sub 2}/S{sub 1}) were predicted to play important role in the low-lying excited state decay dynamics. Two major decay channels were predicted for PITC upon excitation to the S{sub 2}(A′) state: the radiative S{sub 2,min} → S{sub 0} transition and the nonradiative S{sub 2} → S{sub 1} internal conversion via CI(S{sub 2}/S{sub 1}). The differences in the decay dynamics between methyl isothiocyanate and PITC in the first light absorbing excited state were discussed. The role of the intersystem crossing point ISC(S{sub 1}/T{sub 1}) in the excited state decay dynamics of PITC is evaluated.

  7. Structural dynamics of phenylisothiocyanate in the light-absorbing excited states: resonance Raman and complete active space self-consistent field calculation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouyang, Bing; Xue, Jia-Dan; Zheng, Xuming; Fang, Wei-Hai

    2014-05-21

    The excited state structural dynamics of phenyl isothiocyanate (PITC) after excitation to the light absorbing S2(A'), S6(A'), and S7(A') excited states were studied by using the resonance Raman spectroscopy and complete active space self-consistent field method calculations. The UV absorption bands of PITC were assigned. The vibrational assignments were done on the basis of the Fourier transform (FT)-Raman and FT-infrared measurements, the density-functional theory computations, and the normal mode analysis. The A-, B-, and C-bands resonance Raman spectra in cyclohexane, acetonitrile, and methanol solvents were, respectively, obtained at 299.1, 282.4, 266.0, 252.7, 228.7, 217.8, and 208.8 nm excitation wavelengths to probe the corresponding structural dynamics of PITC. The results indicated that the structural dynamics in the S2(A'), S6(A'), and S7(A') excited states were very different. The conical intersection point CI(S2/S1) were predicted to play important role in the low-lying excited state decay dynamics. Two major decay channels were predicted for PITC upon excitation to the S2(A') state: the radiative S(2,min) → S0 transition and the nonradiative S2 → S1 internal conversion via CI(S2/S1). The differences in the decay dynamics between methyl isothiocyanate and PITC in the first light absorbing excited state were discussed. The role of the intersystem crossing point ISC(S1/T1) in the excited state decay dynamics of PITC is evaluated.

  8. Laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy of TaN in free-jet: Observation of high-lying excited electronic states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakhate, S. G.; Mukund, Sheo; Bhattacharyya, Soumen

    2017-02-01

    Rotationally resolved excitation spectra of TaN molecules, produced in a free-jet, have been studied using laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy. Thirteen excited electronic states in the energy region, 23,500-30,000 cm-1 have been observed. The molecular constants, Ω-quantum numbers and radiative lifetimes have been determined for these states. Because of the case (c) behavior and absence of the regular energy spacing, the assignments of the excited electronic states of TaN become difficult. The number of observed excited electronic states is significantly larger than currently predicted, indicated a need for additional ab initio calculations.

  9. Resonant valence bond states in zinc vacancies induce the ferromagnetism of ZnO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Shih-Jye, E-mail: sjs@nuk.edu.tw

    2016-05-06

    A theoretical model was proposed to investigate the mechanism of ferromagnetism in ZnO as well as to simulate the experimental result that the ferromagnetism can be enhanced by UV irradiation as UV photon energy is equivalent to the band gap. In the model, the spin moments arise from the trapped electrons in oxygen vacancy states and coexist with the itinerant electrons which reside in zinc vacancy states and fall into resonant valence bond states. Charge exchange between the conduction band of ZnO and both vacancy states makes electrons on both vacancy states delocalized and results in a decrease of the ferromagnetism as well. - Highlights: • The spin moments of ZnO arise from the electrons trapped in oxygen vacancies. • The itinerant electrons residing in zinc vacancies fall into resonant valence bond states. • The ferromagnetism of ZnO is present as both oxygen and zinc vacancies are coexisting. • The couplings between the conduction band and both vacancy states both make the ferromagnetism decrease.

  10. A comparative study of the spectroscopic features of the low-lying electronic states of H2F+ and H2Cl+ ions

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Anjan Chattopadhyay

    2010-03-01

    Configuration interaction studies of H2F+ and H2Cl+ ions, using 6-311G (3, 3) basis sets, have revealed several interesting differences in their spectral behaviour. Both of them are having bent ground state (1A1) equilibrium geometries, but there is a huge difference (∼ 1.93 eV) between their energy barrier to linearity. Their first two excited states are found to be linear 3u and 1u states, correlating to 3B1/3A1 and 1B1/1A1 Renner-Teller pairs, respectively, in the C2v symmetry. Considering only the allowed singlet-singlet transitions at the ground state equilibrium geometry, the lowest energy transitions found to have transition moment values of 0.65 D and 0.48 D for H2F+and H2Cl+, respectively, appearing in the far UV region. Conical intersections take place during the symmetrical stretching of two H-Cl bonds in the chloronium ion for the first two pairs of excited states (11A2/11B1 and 11A2/11B1) in the C2v symmetry. This intersection may initiate pre-dissociation from the upper bound adiabatic 1A″ state to the lower repulsive 1A" state in the Cs symmetry. Fluoronium ion is expected to dissociate via a single electronic state due to the absence of such intersection.

  11. Generation of GHZ entangled states of photons in multiple cavities via a superconucting qubit or an atom through resonant interaction

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, Chui-Ping

    2012-01-01

    We propose a method to generate a GHZ entangled state of n photons in n microwave cavities (or resonators) via resonant interaction to a single superconducting qubit. By performing local operations on a qubit (e.g., a solid-state qubit, an atom, etc.) placed in each cavity, the created GHZ states of n photons can be transferred to qubits for storage. The proposed scheme greatly reduces effect of decoherence since only resonant qubit-cavity interaction and resonant qubit-pulse interaction are involved, and no measurement is required. In addition, we show that the method can be applied to create a GHZ state of photons in multiple cavities via an atom through resonant interaction with no measurement needed.

  12. Resonance-enhanced photon excitation spectroscopy of the even-parity autoionizing Rydberg states of Kr

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI ChunYan; WANG TingTing; ZHEN JunFeng; ZHANG Qun; CHEN Yang

    2009-01-01

    Kr atoms were produced in their metastable states 4p55s [3/2]2 and 4p55s' [1/2]0 in a pulsed DC discharge in a beam, and subsequently excited to the even-parity autoionizing Rydberg states 4p5np' [3/2]1,2, [1/2]1 and 4p5nf' [5/2]3 using single photon excitation. The excitation spectra of the even-parity autoionizing resonance series from the metastable Kr were obtained by recording the autoionized Kr+ ions with time-of-flight ion detection in the photon energy range of 29000-40000 cm-1. A wealth of autoionizing resonances were newly observed, from which more precise and more systematic spec-troscopic data of the level energy and quantum defects were derived.

  13. Resonance-Enhanced Photon Excitation Spectroscopy of the Even-Parity Autoionizing Rydberg States of Xe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chun-yan Li; Ting-ting Wang; Jun-feng Zhen; Qun Zhang; Yang Chen

    2008-01-01

    Xenon atoms were produced in their metastable states 5p56s[3/2]2 and 5p56s'[1/2]0 in a pulsed DC discharge in a beam, and subsequently excited to the even-parity autoionizing Rydberg states 5p5np' [3/2] 1 ,[1/2]1, t, and 5p5 nf'[5/2]3 using single photon excitation. The excitation spectra of the even-parity autoionizing resonance series from the metastable 129Xe were obtained by recording the autoionized Xe+ with time-of-flight ion detection in the photon energy range of 28000-42000 cm-1. A wealth of autoionizing resonances were newly observed, from which more precise and systematic spectroscopic data of the level energies and quantum defects were derived.

  14. The Influence of the Resonant Frequency on the Presence Of Chimera State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phablo Ramos Carvalho

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Chimera State could be a result of the interaction between the resonant frequency and the synchronization process in a network of identical oscillators. The target of this paper is to do the numerically investigation of the chimera occurrence in a model with fifteen metronomes on each swing and two coupled swings Therefore, changing the value of metronomes oscillation frequency one can observe the level of synchronization between the two populations of metronomes through the Kuramoto complex order parameter. This analysis was conducted considering three different values of the connecting spring’s stiffness among the swings. Thus, a relation between the presence of chimera state and the system resonant frequency was observed

  15. Resonance-enhanced photon excitation spectroscopy of the even-parity autoionizing Rydberg states of Kr

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Kr atoms were produced in their metastable states 4p55s [3/2]2 and 4p55s’ [1/2]0 in a pulsed DC dis-charge in a beam,and subsequently excited to the even-parity autoionizing Rydberg states 4p5np’ [3/2]1,2,[1/2]1 and 4p5nf’ [5/2]3 using single photon excitation.The excitation spectra of the even-parity autoionizing resonance series from the metastable Kr were obtained by recording the autoionized Kr+ ions with time-of-flight ion detection in the photon energy range of 29000-40000 cm1.A wealth of autoionizing resonances were newly observed,from which more precise and more systematic spec-troscopic data of the level energy and quantum defects were derived.

  16. Resonant state expansion applied to two-dimensional open optical systems

    CERN Document Server

    Doost, M B; Muljarov, E A

    2013-01-01

    The resonant state expansion (RSE), a rigorous perturbative method in electrodynamics, is applied to two-dimensional open optical systems. The analytically solvable homogeneous dielectric cylinder is used as unperturbed system, and its Green's function is shown to contain a cut in the complex frequency plane, which is included in the RSE basis. The complex eigenfrequencies of modes are calculated using the RSE for a selection of perturbations which mix unperturbed modes of different orbital momentum, such as half-cylinder, thin-film and thin-wire perturbation, demonstrating the accuracy and convergency of the method. The resonant states for the thin-wire perturbation are shown to reproduce an approximative analytical solution.

  17. Strange decays from strange resonances

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bijker, R. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, A.P. 70-543, 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Leviatan, A. [Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel)

    2001-07-01

    We discuss the mass spectrum and strong decays of baryon resonances belonging to the N, {delta}, {sigma}, {lambda}, {xi} and {omega} families in a collective string- like model for the nucleon. We find good overall agreement with the available data. Systematic discrepancies are found for low-lying S-wave states, in particular in the strong decays of N(1535), N(1650), {sigma}(1750), {lambda}{sup *}(1405), {lambda}(1670) and {lambda}(1800). (Author)

  18. Rabi oscillations of two-photon states in nonlinear optical resonators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherkunov, Y.; Whittaker, David M.; Fal'ko, Vladimir

    2016-02-01

    We demonstrate that four-wave mixing processes in high-quality nonlinear resonators can lead to Rabi-like oscillations in photon occupation numbers and second-order correlation functions, being a characteristic feature of the presence of entangled photon pairs in the optical signal. In the case of a system driven by a continuous coherent pump, the oscillations occur in the transient regime. We show that driving the system with pulsed coherent pumping would generate strongly antibunched photon states.

  19. Solid state nuclear magnetic resonance studies of prion peptides and proteins

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heller, Jonathan [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    1997-08-01

    High-resolution structural studies using x-ray diffraction and solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) are not feasible for proteins of low volubility and high tendency to aggregate. Solid state NMR (SSNMR) is in principle capable of providing structural information in such systems, however to do this efficiently and accurately, further SSNMR tools must be developed This dissertation describes the development of three new methods and their application to a biological system of interest, the priori protein (PrP).

  20. Stochastic resonance at a subharmonic of a periodic modulation signal in solid-state lasers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kravtsov, N V; Lariontsev, E G; Chekina, S N [D.V. Skobel' tsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2013-10-31

    The stochastic excitation of a subharmonic of a periodic modulation signal in the intensity spectrum of a solid-state laser is experimentally studied upon modulation of the pump rate by the noise and periodic signal. The stochastic resonance (SR) is observed in the presence of bistability in the laser. The conditions for SR at a subharmonic of the periodic modulation signal are determined. (control of laser radiation parameters)

  1. Resonant-state expansion of light propagation in non-uniform waveguides

    OpenAIRE

    Lobanov, S. V.; Zoriniants, G.; Langbein, W.; Muljarov, E. A.

    2016-01-01

    A new rigorous approach for precise and efficient calculation of light propagation along non-uniform waveguides is presented. Resonant states of a uniform waveguide, which satisfy outgoing-wave boundary conditions, form a natural basis for expansion of the local electromagnetic field. Using such an expansion at fixed frequency, we convert the light propagation along a non-uniform waveguide into an ordinary second-order matrix differential equation for the expansion coefficients along the wave...

  2. Analysis of Laser Diode Pumped Solid-State Laser Resonator by the Transform Circle Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG Feng; ZHANG Guang-Yin; XU Jing-Jun; ZHANG Chao-Bo

    2000-01-01

    The typical laser characteristics of a laser diode pumped solid-state laser with a Z-type resonator structure are analyzed by the transform circle approach. Laser waists change with the thermal focus length of the lasing medium so that the output power becomes unstable. In particular, there is a very unstable operation region when the pump power is of medium magnitude. A method is put forward to avoid this situation.

  3. Lie groups and automorphic forms

    CERN Document Server

    Ji, Lizhen; Xu, H W; Yau, Shing-Tung

    2006-01-01

    Lie groups are fundamental objects in mathematics. They occur naturally in differential geometry, algebraic geometry, representation theory, number theory, and other areas. Closely related are arithmetic subgroups, locally symmetric spaces and the spectral theory of automorphic forms. This book consists of five chapters which give comprehensive introductions to Lie groups, Lie algebras, arithmetic groups and reduction theories, cohomology of arithmetic groups, and the Petersson and Kuznetsov trace formulas.

  4. Coherent quantum state storage and transfer between two phase qubits via a resonant cavity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sillanpää, Mika A; Park, Jae I; Simmonds, Raymond W

    2007-09-27

    As with classical information processing, a quantum information processor requires bits (qubits) that can be independently addressed and read out, long-term memory elements to store arbitrary quantum states, and the ability to transfer quantum information through a coherent communication bus accessible to a large number of qubits. Superconducting qubits made with scalable microfabrication techniques are a promising candidate for the realization of a large-scale quantum information processor. Although these systems have successfully passed tests of coherent coupling for up to four qubits, communication of individual quantum states between superconducting qubits via a quantum bus has not yet been realized. Here, we perform an experiment demonstrating the ability to coherently transfer quantum states between two superconducting Josephson phase qubits through a quantum bus. This quantum bus is a resonant cavity formed by an open-ended superconducting transmission line of length 7 mm. After preparing an initial quantum state with the first qubit, this quantum information is transferred and stored as a nonclassical photon state of the resonant cavity, then retrieved later by the second qubit connected to the opposite end of the cavity. Beyond simple state transfer, these results suggest that a high-quality-factor superconducting cavity could also function as a useful short-term memory element. The basic architecture presented here can be expanded, offering the possibility for the coherent interaction of a large number of superconducting qubits.

  5. Bosonization and Lie Group Structure

    CERN Document Server

    Ha, Yuan K

    2015-01-01

    We introduce a concise quantum operator formula for bosonization in which the Lie group structure appears in a natural way. The connection between fermions and bosons is found to be exactly the connection between Lie group elements and the group parameters. Bosonization is an extraordinary way of expressing the equation of motion of a complex fermion field in terms of a real scalar boson in two dimensions. All the properties of the fermion field theory are known to be preserved under this remarkable transformation with substantial simplification and elucidation of the original theory, much like Lie groups can be studied by their Lie algebras.

  6. Lying relies on the truth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debey, Evelyne; De Houwer, Jan; Verschuere, Bruno

    2014-09-01

    Cognitive models of deception focus on the conflict-inducing nature of the truth activation during lying. Here we tested the counterintuitive hypothesis that the truth can also serve a functional role in the act of lying. More specifically, we examined whether the construction of a lie can involve a two-step process, where the first step entails activating the truth, based upon which a lie response can be formulated in a second step. To investigate this hypothesis, we tried to capture the covert truth activation in a reaction-time based deception paradigm. Together with each question, we presented either the truth or lie response as distractors. If lying depends on the covert activation of the truth, deceptive responses would thus be facilitated by truth distractors relative to lie distractors. Our results indeed revealed such a "covert congruency" effect, both in errors and reaction times (Experiment 1). Moreover, stimulating participants to use the distractor information by increasing the proportion of truth distractor trials enlarged the "covert congruency" effects, and as such confirmed that the effects operate at a covert response level (Experiment 2). Our findings lend support to the idea that lying relies on a first step of truth telling, and call for a shift in theoretical thinking that highlights both the functional and interfering properties of the truth activation in the lying process. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Differential geometry on Lie groups

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Resumo: Neste trabalho estudamos os aspectos geométricos dos grupos de Lie do ponto de vista da geometria Riemanniana, geometria Hermitiana e geometria Kähler, através das estruturas geométricas invariantes associadas. Exploramos resultados relacionados às curvaturas da variedade Riemanniana subjacente a um grupo de Lie através do estudo de sua álgebra de Lie correspondente. No contexto da geometria Hermitiana e geometria Kähler, para um caso concreto de grupo de Lie complexo, investigaram su...

  8. Affective Priming Caused by Lying

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megumi Sato

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Typically, arousal increases when telling a lie, as indicated in psychophysiological studies about lie detection. But the emotional valence induced by lying is unknown, though intuition indicates that it may be negative. Indeed, the Electrodermal Activity (EDA, used in such studies, only shows arousal changes during an emotional response. In this study, we examined the emotional valence induced by lying using two tasks. First, in the deceptive task, participants answered “no” to every question regarding the nature of displayed playing cards. Therefore, they told a lie about specific cards. During the task, their EDA was recorded. Secondly, in the figure estimation task, they assessed pictures by “like” or “dislike” after looking at playing cards visibly or subliminally as prime stimuli. We expected them to tend to estimate figures by “dislike” when cards relevant to deception were previously shown. This would mean that an affective priming effect due to telling a lie happened. Actually, this effect was found only when prime stimuli were displayed visibly. This result suggests that lying per se induces negative emotions even without motivation or punishment due to lying. Furthermore, we found that such effect was more blatant in participants whose EDA changes were salient while lying.

  9. Resonant impurity states in chemically disordered half-Heusler Dirac semimetals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chadova, K.; Ködderitzsch, D.; Minár, J.; Ebert, H.; Kiss, J.; D'Souza, S. W.; Wollmann, L.; Felser, C.; Chadov, S.

    2016-05-01

    We address the electron transport characteristics in bulk half-Heusler alloys with their compositions tuned to the borderline between topologically nontrivial semimetallic and trivial semiconducting phases. Accurate first-principles calculations based on the coherent potential approximation (CPA) reveal that all the studied systems exhibit sets of dispersionless impurity-like resonant levels, with one of them being located at the Dirac point. By means of the Kubo-Bastin formalism we reveal that the residual conductivity of these alloys is strongly suppressed by impurity scattering, whereas the spin Hall conductivity exhibits a rather complex behavior induced by the resonant states. In particular for LaPt0.5Pd0.5Bi we find that the total spin Hall conductivity is strongly suppressed by two large and opposite contributions: the negative Fermi-surface contribution produced by the resonant impurity and the positive Fermi-sea term stemming from the occupied states. At the same time, we identify no conductivity contributions from the conical states.

  10. Ab initio characterization of low-lying triplet state potential-energy surfaces and vibrational frequencies in the Wulf band of ozone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Daiqian; Guo, Hua; Peterson, Kirk A.

    2001-12-01

    Accurate ab initio potential-energy surfaces of the 3A2 and 3B1 states of ozone and their nonadiabatic coupling are reported near the ground-state equilibrium geometry using an internally contracted multireference configuration interaction method. These coupled three-dimensional potential-energy surfaces enable the first theoretical characterization of all three vibrational modes in the Wulf band. Reasonably good agreement with recent experimental observations is obtained.

  11. The virtual absence of Culicoides imicola (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) in a light-trap survey of the colder, high-lying area of the eastern Orange Free State, South Africa, and implications for the transmission of arboviruses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venter, G J; Meiswinkel, R

    1994-12-01

    Altogether 52 078 Culicoides biting midges of 35 species were collected during February 1990 and 1993 in 40 light-trap collections made on 17 cattle and/or sheep farms in the Bethlehem and Fouriesburg districts of the colder, high-lying eastern Orange Free State. Culicoides (Avaritia) bolitinos was by far the most abundant species, representing 50.9% of all specimens collected. Culicoides (A.) imicola, considered to be the most common stock-associated species in the summer rainfall areas of southern Africa, and the only proven vector of bluetongue virus (BTV) and African horsesickness virus (AHSV) in the subregion, was uncommon, comprising only 1.4%. While AHS is apparently absent, BT and bovine ephemeral fever (BEF) are endemic in this cooler, high-lying area of South Africa. The virtual absence of C. imicola implies that other Culicoides species, such as C. bolitinos and C. cornutus, may be involved in transmitting BT virus (and perhaps BEF) in the eastern Orange Free State, and possibly elsewhere in Africa. Virus isolation attempts made on 45 single species pools of C. bolitinos, C. pycnostictus, C. milnei, C. leucostictus, C. zuluensis and C. gulbenkiani were, however, negative. Finally, 20 of 28 blood-engorged Culicoides of 11 species, which were tested against cattle, sheep, horse, pig and bird antisera, tested only positive against cattle antisera.

  12. Theatres of the lie: 'crazy' deception and lying as drama.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dongen, Els van

    2002-08-01

    In this article, the author argues that lying is drama, theatre, which brings about transition, reflection, reversal and involvement of the participants in the drama. By means of ethnographic data of a psychiatric ward, the author shows that lying of mental patients is not pathological, but a ritual of affliction. By using Turner's theory about rituals and performance and Goffman's theory about presentation of the self it will be showed that lying serves the redefinition of reciprocity and solidarity. With the help of Bakhtin's work on Rabelais, the author discusses the nature of the drama of the lie. It is concluded that a perspective on lying as theatre may be of use outside psychiatric wards and will occur in imbalanced power relationships.

  13. Damping of high-lying single-particle modes in heavy nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gales, S.; Stoyanov, C.; Vdovin, A.I.

    1988-08-01

    The recent experimental and theoretical results on the damping of high-lying single-particle modes in heavy nuclei are reviewed. In one-nucleon transfer reactions these states manifest themselves as broad 'resonance'-like structures superimposed on a large continuum. The advantages and the limitations of the transfer reaction approach will be presented using the results from neutron and proton pick-up and stripping reactions. The problem raised by the subtraction of the underlying background, the assumptions made to describe the reaction process and the method used to extract the strength distributions are presented. The existing empirical systematics is summarized for nuclei ranging from /sup 90/Zr to /sup 208/Pb. The theoretical approaches used to explain the damping of the high-lying single-particle modes are based on the coupling between collective and single-particle degrees of freedom. In a first step the bare single-particle mode is spread over several doorway collective states due to the interaction with surface vibrations. In a second step the doorway states spread their strengths over many other degrees of freedom. These two steps of the damping mechanism are discussed in detail within the framework of the quasiparticle-phonon nuclear model. A large-scale comparison between the measured and calculated average energies, spreading widths and spectroscopic strengths of the high-lying single-particle (hole) states in heavy nuclei is presented. The systematic features of the damping (energy, angular momentum and isotopic dependence) are discussed. Recent advances of the experimental approaches, such as the ..gamma..-decay of the high-lying states or the use of heavy-ion transfer reactions at intermediate energies, are outlined. The detailed study of the damping mechanism of high-lying single-particle modes reveals new features and leads us to a new field in nuclear structure: 'The spectroscopy of inner and outer subshells'.

  14. Double resonant absorption measurement of acetylene symmetric vibrational states probed with cavity ring down spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karhu, J.; Nauta, J.; Vainio, M.; Metsälä, M.; Hoekstra, S.; Halonen, L.

    2016-06-01

    A novel mid-infrared/near-infrared double resonant absorption setup for studying infrared-inactive vibrational states is presented. A strong vibrational transition in the mid-infrared region is excited using an idler beam from a singly resonant continuous-wave optical parametric oscillator, to populate an intermediate vibrational state. High output power of the optical parametric oscillator and the strength of the mid-infrared transition result in efficient population transfer to the intermediate state, which allows measuring secondary transitions from this state with a high signal-to-noise ratio. A secondary, near-infrared transition from the intermediate state is probed using cavity ring-down spectroscopy, which provides high sensitivity in this wavelength region. Due to the narrow linewidths of the excitation sources, the rovibrational lines of the secondary transition are measured with sub-Doppler resolution. The setup is used to access a previously unreported symmetric vibrational state of acetylene, ν 1 + ν 2 + ν 3 + ν4 1 + ν5 - 1 in the normal mode notation. Single-photon transitions to this state from the vibrational ground state are forbidden. Ten lines of the newly measured state are observed and fitted with the linear least-squares method to extract the band parameters. The vibrational term value was measured to be at 9775.0018(45) cm-1, the rotational parameter B was 1.162 222(37) cm-1, and the quartic centrifugal distortion parameter D was 3.998(62) × 10-6 cm-1, where the numbers in the parenthesis are one-standard errors in the least significant digits.

  15. Laser spectroscopy of jet-cooled NiF: Application of Hougen's approximate model for the low-lying electronic states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arsenault, D. L.; Tokaryk, D. W.; Adam, A. G.; Linton, C.

    2016-06-01

    We have taken laser-induced fluorescence spectra of jet-cooled nickel monofluoride formed in a laser-ablation molecular beam source. Dispersed-fluorescence spectroscopy confirms predictions by Hougen (2011) that the parity assignments of levels in the Ω = 1 / 2 state 1570 cm-1 above the ground state should be reversed from those given in Krouti et al. (2002). The quality of the high-resolution spectra was sufficient to measure the [22.9]1.5-X1.5 band for five isotopologues of nickel and the [22.9]1.5-[0.25]0.5 band for molecules containing 58Ni and 60Ni. The spectral line positions for each isotopologue were fit to the Hamiltonian model given by Hougen, which was extended to allow for calculation of the parity-splitting parameter in the ground state.

  16. Assignment of the lowest-lying THz absorption signatures in biotin and lactose monohydrate by solid-state density functional theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allis, D. G.; Fedor, A. M.; Korter, T. M.; Bjarnason, J. E.; Brown, E. R.

    2007-06-01

    The narrow terahertz (THz) features in crystalline biotin and lactose monohydrate observed in recent experimental studies are considered by solid-state density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The lowest-frequency THz features in both solid-state biotin and lactose monohydrate are assigned to external hindered rotational modes and not to the lowest-frequency internal modes predicted from isolated-molecule calculations. The motions of the molecules associated with these narrow THz features and the interactions between molecules in the hydrogen-bonded networks of these molecular crystals are discussed, and comparisons are made to similar studies on molecular crystals not exhibiting strong intermolecular interactions.

  17. Deciding isomorphism of Lie algebras

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graaf, W.A. de

    2001-01-01

    When doing calculations with Lie algebras one of the main problems is to decide whether two given Lie algebras are isomorphic. A partial solution to this problem is obtained by calculating structural invariants. There is also a direct method available which involves the computation of Grobner bases.

  18. The low lying glueball spectrum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adam Szczepaniak; Eric Swanson

    2003-12-18

    The complete low-lying positive charge conjugation glueball spectrum is obtained from QCD. The formalism relies on the construction of an efficient quasiparticle gluon basis for Hamiltonian QCD in Coulomb gauge. The resulting rapidly convergent Fock space expansion is exploited to derive quenched low-lying glueball masses with no free parameters which are in remarkable agreement with lattice gauge theory.

  19. Lie Symmetries of Ishimori Equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG Xu-Xia

    2013-01-01

    The Ishimori equation is one of the most important (2+1)-dimensional integrable models,which is an integrable generalization of (1+1)-dimensional classical continuous Heisenberg ferromagnetic spin equations.Based on importance of Lie symmetries in analysis of differential equations,in this paper,we derive Lie symmetries for the Ishimori equation by Hirota's direct method.

  20. Sickle cell disease painful crisis and steady state differentiation by proton magnetic resonance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández, Adolfo A; Cabal, Carlos A; Lores, Manuel A; Losada, Jorge; Pérez, Enrique R

    2009-01-01

    The delay time of the Hb S polymerization process was investigated in 63 patients with sickle cell disease during steady state and 10 during painful crisis starting from spin-spin proton magnetic resonance (PMR) time behavior measured at 36 degrees C and during spontaneous deoxygenation. We found a significant decrease of delay time as a result of the crisis (36 +/- 10%) and two well-differentiated ranges of values for each state: 273-354 min for steady state and 166-229 min for crisis with an uncertainty region of 15%. It is possible to use PMR as an objective and quantitative method in order to differentiate both clinical conditions of the sickle cell patient, but a more clear differentiation can be established comparing the delay time (td) value of one patient during crisis with his own td value during steady state.

  1. Group discussion improves lie detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Nadav; Epley, Nicholas

    2015-06-16

    Groups of individuals can sometimes make more accurate judgments than the average individual could make alone. We tested whether this group advantage extends to lie detection, an exceptionally challenging judgment with accuracy rates rarely exceeding chance. In four experiments, we find that groups are consistently more accurate than individuals in distinguishing truths from lies, an effect that comes primarily from an increased ability to correctly identify when a person is lying. These experiments demonstrate that the group advantage in lie detection comes through the process of group discussion, and is not a product of aggregating individual opinions (a "wisdom-of-crowds" effect) or of altering response biases (such as reducing the "truth bias"). Interventions to improve lie detection typically focus on improving individual judgment, a costly and generally ineffective endeavor. Our findings suggest a cheap and simple synergistic approach of enabling group discussion before rendering a judgment.

  2. Exploiting jet binning to identify the initial state of high-mass resonances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebert, Markus A.; Liebler, Stefan; Moult, Ian; Stewart, Iain W.; Tackmann, Frank J.; Tackmann, Kerstin; Zeune, Lisa

    2016-09-01

    If a new high-mass resonance is discovered at the Large Hadron Collider, model-independent techniques to identify the production mechanism will be crucial to understand its nature and effective couplings to Standard Model particles. We present a powerful and model-independent method to infer the initial state in the production of any high-mass color-singlet system by using a tight veto on accompanying hadronic jets to divide the data into two mutually exclusive event samples (jet bins). For a resonance of several hundred GeV, the jet binning cut needed to discriminate quark and gluon initial states is in the experimentally accessible range of several tens of GeV. It also yields comparable cross sections for both bins, making this method viable already with the small event samples available shortly after a discovery. Theoretically, the method is made feasible by utilizing an effective field theory setup to compute the jet cut dependence precisely and model independently and to systematically control all sources of theoretical uncertainties in the jet binning, as well as their correlations. We use a 750 GeV scalar resonance as an example to demonstrate the viability of our method.

  3. Study of dual wavelength composite output of solid state laser based on adjustment of resonator parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lei; Nie, Jinsong; Wang, Xi; Hu, Yuze

    2016-10-01

    The 1064nm fundamental wave (FW) and the 532nm second harmonic wave (SHW) of Nd:YAG laser have been widely applied in many fields. In some military applications requiring interference in both visible and near-infrared spectrum range, the de-identification interference technology based on the dual wavelength composite output of FW and SHW offers an effective way of making the device or equipment miniaturized and low cost. In this paper, the application of 1064nm and 532nm dual-wavelength composite output technology in military electro-optical countermeasure is studied. A certain resonator configuration that can achieve composite laser output with high power, high beam quality and high repetition rate is proposed. Considering the thermal lens effect, the stability of this certain resonator is analyzed based on the theory of cavity transfer matrix. It shows that with the increase of thermal effect, the intracavity fundamental mode volume decreased, resulting the peak fluctuation of cavity stability parameter. To explore the impact the resonator parameters does to characteristics and output ratio of composite laser, the solid-state laser's dual-wavelength composite output models in both continuous and pulsed condition are established by theory of steady state equation and rate equation. Throughout theoretical simulation and analysis, the optimal KTP length and best FW transmissivity are obtained. The experiment is then carried out to verify the correctness of theoretical calculation result.

  4. Exploiting jet binning to identify the initial state of high-mass resonances

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ebert, Markus A.; Liebler, Stefan; Tackmann, Frank J.; Tackmann, Kerstin [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Moult, Ian; Stewart, Iain W. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Center for Theoretical Physics; Zeune, Lisa [NIKHEF, Amsterdam (Netherlands). Theory Group

    2016-05-15

    If a new high-mass resonance is discovered at the Large Hadron Collider, model-independent techniques to identify the production mechanism will be crucial to understand its nature and effective couplings to Standard Model particles. We present a powerful and model-independent method to infer the initial state in the production of any high-mass color-singlet system by using a tight veto on accompanying hadronic jets to divide the data into two mutually exclusive event samples (jet bins). For a resonance of several hundred GeV, the jet binning cut needed to discriminate quark and gluon initial states is in the experimentally accessible range of several tens of GeV. It also yields comparable cross sections for both bins, making this method viable already with the small event samples available shortly after a discovery. Theoretically, the method is made feasible by utilizing an effective field theory setup to compute the jet cut dependence precisely and model-independently and to systematically control all sources of theoretical uncertainties in the jet binning, as well as their correlations. We use a 750 GeV scalar resonance as an example to demonstrate the viability of our method.

  5. Perturbation approach to resonator state solution using the Fourier-Bessel numerical solver

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gauthier, Robert C.

    2017-02-01

    The Fourier-Bessel (FFB) numerical solver is a useful tool for obtaining the steady states of resonator structures that conform to a cylindrical symmetry. Recently the FFB solver has been greatly simplified by reconfiguring the matrix generating expressions using Maxwell's curl expressions rather than the standard wave equations. This presentation provides a numerical framework suitable for the application on non-degenerate perturbation theory within the theoretical structure of the reconfigured FFB computation environment. It is shown that the resonator structure's perturbation contribution can be isolated as a separate matrix which dictates the shift in resonator state properties. Two distinct application examples are provide; the first has the perturbation possess the same rotational symmetry as the original structure and preserves azimuthal mode order families; the second perturbation has a symmetry different than the original structure and promotes a mixing between azimuthal mode order families. The perturbation extension promises to amplify the potential usefulness of the FFB technique when theoretically considering photonic sensors such as whispering-gallery mode, photonic crystal hole infiltration and a host of others in which the measurand undergoes small changes in its optical properties.

  6. Split window resonances for the photoionization of spin-orbit coupled subshell states in alkali atoms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koide, M. [Department of Science and Technology, Meisei University, Tokyo 191-8656 (Japan)]. E-mail: mkoide@galaxy.ocn.ne.jp; Koike, F. [School of Medicine, Kitasato University, Kanagawa 228-8555 (Japan); Azuma, Y. [PhotonFactory, IMSS, KEK, Ibaraki 305-0801 (Japan); Nagata, T. [Department of Science and Technology, Meisei University, Tokyo 191-8656 (Japan)

    2005-06-15

    We study the origin of dual window-type 3s->4p photoexcitation resonances of potassium atoms that have been observed previously [M. Koide et al., J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 71 (2002) 1676] by means of photoion spectroscopy. We also consider the sub-valence shell photoexcitations of other alkali metal atoms. In potassium 3p photoionizations, the photoion energy levels may be labeled by their total angular momenta, and they are well separated due to the spin-orbit couplings in 3p subshells. The system of a photoion and a photoelectron is therefore a superposition of different total spin states if expressed in terms of the LS-coupling scheme. The ionization continuum may couple with several intermediate discrete states with different total spin quantum numbers, giving a possibility to observe split resonance structures in the spectra of 3s->np photoexcitations and in other alkali-atom photoexcitations. We discuss the dual window-type resonances in potassium, rubidium, and cesium atoms.

  7. Resonance Raman and theoretical investigation of the photodissociation dynamics of benzamide in S3 state.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pei, Ke-Mei; Ma, Yufang; Zheng, Xuming

    2008-06-14

    Resonance Raman spectra were obtained for benzamide in methanol and acetonitrile solutions with excitation wavelengths in resonance with the S(3) state. These spectra indicate that the Franck-Condon region photodissociation dynamics have multidimensional character with the motions mainly along the benzene ring C[Double Bond]C stretch nu(9), the Ph-CO-NH(2) and ring benzene stretch nu(14), the CCH in plane bend nu(17), the Ph-CO-NH(2) stretch and NH(2) rock nu(19), the ring trigonal bend nu(23), and the ring deformation and Ph-CO-NH(2) stretch nu(29). A preliminary resonance Raman intensity analysis was done, and the results were compared to those previously reported for acetophenone to examine the substituent effect. Solvent effect on the short-time photodissociation dynamics of benzamide was also examined. A conical intersection point S(2)S(3) between S(3) and S(2) potential energy surfaces of benzamide was determined by using a complete active space self-consistent field theory computations. The structural differences and similarities between S(3)S(2) point and S(0) were examined, and the results were used to correlate to the Franck-Condon photodissociation dynamics of benzamide in S(3) state.

  8. Quantum Chemical Study of the Low-Lying Electronic States of VSi3(-/0) Clusters and Interpretation of the Anion Photoelectron Spectrum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Van Tan; Tran, Quoc Tri

    2016-07-28

    The geometrical and electronic structures of VSi3(-/0) clusters have been investigated with the DFT, CCSD(T), and CASSCF/CASPT2 methods. The results showed that the suitable functional to identify the ground states of VSi3(-/0) clusters is not the B3LYP but the BP86. At the BP86, CCSD(T), and CASPT2 levels, the ground state of the anionic cluster was the (1)A' ((1)A1) of tetrahedral η(3)-(Si3)V(-) isomer, while that of the neutral cluster was the 1(2)A' and 1(2)A″ (1(2)E) of the same isomer. The 1(2)A' and 1(2)A″ of the tetrahedral η(3)-(Si3)V isomer were the results of the Jahn-Teller distortions of the 1(2)E in C3v symmetry. All three bands in the photoelectron spectrum of the VSi3(-) cluster were interpreted by one-electron detachments from the (1)A' anionic ground state on the basis of the BP86, CCSD(T), and CASPT2 methods. The calculated adiabatic and vertical detachment energies were in agreement with the experimental values. The broad shape of the first band was explained by Franck-Condon factor simulations for the (1)A' → 1(2)A' and (1)A' → 1(2)A″ transitions within the tetrahedral η(3)-(Si3)V(-/0) isomers.

  9. Exact solution to the steady-state dynamics of a periodically modulated resonator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Momchil Minkov

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available We provide an analytic solution to the coupled-mode equations describing the steady-state of a single periodically modulated optical resonator driven by a monochromatic input. The phenomenology of this system was qualitatively understood only in the adiabatic limit, i.e., for low modulation speed. However, both in and out of this regime, we find highly non-trivial effects for specific parameters of the modulation. For example, we show complete suppression of the transmission even with zero detuning between the input and the static resonator frequency. We also demonstrate the possibility for complete, lossless frequency conversion of the input into the sideband frequencies, as well as for optimizing the transmitted signal towards a given target temporal waveform. The analytic results are validated by first-principle simulations.

  10. Resonant-state expansion for wave guides with a Sellmeier dispersion

    CERN Document Server

    Doost, M B

    2015-01-01

    The resonant-state expansion (RSE), a rigorous perturbative method developed in electrodynamics for non-dispersive optical systems is further developed to treat wave guides with a Sellmeier dispersion. For media which can be described by these types of dispersion over the relevant frequency range, such as optical glass, the perturbed problem can be solved by diagonalising a second-order eigenvalue problem. In the case of a single resonance at zero frequency, this is simplified to a generalised eigenvalue problem. Results are presented using analytically solvable planar waveguides and parameters of BK7 glass, for a perturbation in the waveguide width. The efficiency of using either an exact dispersion over all frequencies or an approximate dispersion over a narrow frequency range is compared.

  11. Resonant Tunneling States of a Pairing Ladder with Random Dimer Chains

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Dong-Sheng; ZHANG Yan-Ling; YIN Xiao-Gang; ZHU Chen-Ping; ZHANG Yong-Mei

    2012-01-01

    We propose three models of pairing ladders, in which two types of atoms, A and B, exist, and the corresponding atoms in different chains are pairng, I.e. if atom A is in a site of one chain, the atom in the corresponding site of another chain should be atom B. It is found that there are three resonant states in the ladder when the two types of atoms are both random dimers (RD) in the same chain. No extended state exists in the ladder when only one type of atom is RD distributed or two types of atoms both are random distributed in the same chain.%We propose three models of pairing ladders,in which two types of atoms,A and B,exist,and the corresponding atoms in different chains are pairng,i.e.if atom A is in a site of one chain,the atom in the corresponding site of another chain should be atom B.It is found that there are three resonant states in the ladder when the two types of atoms are both random dimers (RD) in the same chain.No extended state exists in the ladder when only one type of atom is RD distributed or two types of atoms both are random distributed in the same chain.

  12. Structure of 20Ne states in resonance 16O+α elastic scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nauruzbayev, D. K.; Goldberg, V. Z.; Nurmukhanbetova, A. K.; Golovkov, M. S.; Volya, A.; Rogachev, G. V.; Tribble, R. E.

    2017-07-01

    Background: The nuclear structure of the cluster bands in 20Ne presents a challenge for many theoretical approaches. It is especially difficult to explain the broad 0+ and 2+ states, both at around 9 MeV excitation energy. More reliable experimental data for these levels is important for proper quantitative assessment and development of theoretical methods. Purpose: To obtain new data on the 20Ne α -cluster structure. Method: The thick target inverse kinematics (TTIK) technique was used to study 16O+α resonance elastic scattering and the data were analyzed using an R-matrix approach. The 20Ne spectrum and the cluster and nucleon spectroscopic factors were calculated using the cluster-nucleon configuration interaction model (CNCIM). Results: We determined the parameters of the broad resonances in 20Ne: 0+ level at 8.77 ±0.150 MeV with a width of 750-220+500 keV; 2+ level at 8.75 ±0.100 MeV with the width of 695 ±120 keV; the width of 9.48 MeV level of 65 ±20 keV; and we showed that the 9.19 MeV, 2+ level (if it exists) should have a width of ≤10 keV. A detailed comparison of the theoretical CNCIM predictions with the experimental data on cluster states was made. Conclusions: Our experimental results obtained by the TTIK method generally confirm the adopted data on α -cluster levels in 20Ne. The CNCIM gives a good description of the 20Ne positive-parity states up to an excitation energy of ˜7 MeV, predicting reasonably well the excitation energy of the states and their cluster and single-particle properties. At higher excitations, a qualitative disagreement with the experimentally observed structure is evident, especially for broad resonances.

  13. In-situ characterization of the thermal state of resonant optical interferometers via tracking of their higher-order mode resonances

    CERN Document Server

    Mueller, Chris L; Adhikari, Rana X; Arai, Koji; Brooks, Aidan F; Chakraborty, Rijuparna; Frolov, Valery V; Fritschel, Peter; King, Eleanor J; Tanner, David B; Yamamoto, Hiroaki; Mueller, Guido

    2015-01-01

    Thermal lensing in resonant optical interferometers such as those used for gravitational wave detection is a concern due to the negative impact on control signals and instrument sensitivity. In this paper we describe a method for monitoring the thermal state of such interferometers by probing the higher-order spatial mode resonances of the cavities within them. We demonstrate the use of this technique to measure changes in the Advanced LIGO input mode cleaner cavity geometry as a function of input power, and subsequently infer the optical absorption at the mirror surfaces at the level of 1 ppm per mirror. We also demonstrate the generation of a useful error signal for thermal state of the Advanced LIGO power recycling cavity by continuously tracking the first order spatial mode resonance frequency. Such an error signal could be used as an input to thermal compensation systems to maintain the interferometer cavity geometries in the presence of transients in circulating light power levels, thereby maintaining o...

  14. Band structure and decay channels of thorium-229 low-lying isomeric state for ensemble of thorium atoms adsorbed on calcium fluoride

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borisyuk, Petr V.; Vasilyev, Oleg S.; Krasavin, Andrey V.; Troyan, Victor I. [National Research Nuclear University ' ' MEPhI' ' (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Kashirskoye shosse 31, 115409 Moscow (Russian Federation); Lebedinskii, Yury Yu. [National Research Nuclear University ' ' MEPhI' ' (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Kashirskoye shosse 31, 115409 Moscow (Russian Federation); Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Institutskiy per. 9, 141700 Dolgoprudny, Moscow region (Russian Federation); Tkalya, Eugene V. [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Leninskie gory, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation); Nuclear Safety Institute of Russian Academy of Science, Bol' shaya Tulskaya 52, 115191 Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2015-12-15

    The results are presented on the study of the electronic structure of thorium atoms adsorbed by the liquid atomic layer deposition from aqueous solution of thorium nitrate on the surface of CaF{sub 2}. The chemical state of the atoms and the change of the band structure in the surface layers of Th/CaF{sub 2} system on CaF{sub 2} substrate were investigated by XPS and REELS techniques. It was found that REELS spectra for Th/CaF{sub 2} system include peaks in the region of low energy losses (3-7 eV) which are missing in the similar spectra for pure CaF{sub 2}. It is concluded that the presence of the observed features in the REELS spectra is associated with the chemical state of thorium atoms and is caused by the presence of uncompensated chemical bonds at the Th/CaF{sub 2} interface, and, therefore, by the presence of unbound 6d- and 7s-electrons of thorium atoms. Assuming the equivalence of the electronic configuration of thorium-229 and thorium-232 atoms, an estimate was made on the time decay of the excited state of thorium-229 nuclei through the channel of the electron conversion. It was found that the relaxation time is about 40 μs for 6d-electrons, and about 1 μs for 7s-electrons. (copyright 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  15. Ab initio many-electron study for the low-lying states of the alkali hydride cations in the adiabatic representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Lingling; Qu, Yizhi; Liu, Chunhua; Wang, Jianguo; Buenker, Robert J

    2012-03-28

    An ab initio multireference single- and double-excitation configuration interaction (CI) study is carried out for the ground and excited electronic states of alkali-hydride cations (LiH(+), NaH(+), KH(+), RbH(+), and CsH(+)). For all alkali-metal atoms, the first inner-shell and valence electrons (nine active electrons, three for Li) are considered explicitly in the ab initio self-consistent-field and CI calculations. The adiabatic potential energy curves, radial and rotational couplings are calculated and presented. Short-range (∼3 a.u.) potential wells produced by the excitation of the inner-shell electrons are found. The depths of the inner potential wells are much greater than those of the outer wells for the CsH(+) system. The computed spectroscopic constants for the long-range potential well of the 2 (2)Σ(+) state are very close to the available theoretical and experimental data. The electronic states of alkali-hydrogen cations are also compared with each other, it is found that the positions of the potential wells shift to larger internuclear distances gradually, and the depths of these potential wells become greater with increasing alkali-metal atomic number. The relationships between structures of the radial coupling matrix elements and the avoiding crossings of the potential curves are analyzed. From NaH(+) to CsH(+), radial coupling matrix elements display more and more complex structures due to the gradual decrease of energy separations for avoided crossings. Finally, the behavior of some rotational couplings is also shown.

  16. Frequency stabilization of a solid-state microwave generator at a passing four-pole resonator antiparasitic load

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Dzyubenko

    1987-12-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the quality of the parametric frequency stabilization of solid state microwave generators in the four-pole through-inclusion of stabilizing resonator absorbing load. Lredlozhena technique optimal setting generators.

  17. Frequency stabilization of a solid-state microwave generator at a passing four-pole resonator antiparasitic load

    OpenAIRE

    V. V. Dzyubenko; E. A. Zaritskaya; E. A. Machusskii

    1987-01-01

    The analysis of the quality of the parametric frequency stabilization of solid state microwave generators in the four-pole through-inclusion of stabilizing resonator absorbing load. Lredlozhena technique optimal setting generators.

  18. Alpha-decay branching ratios to high-lying excited-states of the 242Cm→238pu→ 234U →230Th→226Rn decay chain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jin-Juan; XU Chang; REN Zhong-Zhou

    2009-01-01

    We present a systematic calculation on the 0c-decay branching ratios to excited-states of an even-even α-decay chain 242Cm→238pu→234U →230Th→226Rn by the improved barrier penetration approach. The changes of the parities between the parent nuclei and the daughter nuclei are properly taken into account. The theoretical values are compared with the available experimental data and the deviation between them is within a factor of 5 in most cases.

  19. Band structure and decay channels of thorium-229 low-lying isomeric state for ensemble of thorium atoms adsorbed on calcium fluoride

    OpenAIRE

    Borisyuk, P. V.; Vasilyev, O S; Krasavin, A.V.; Lebedinskii, Yu Yu; V. I. Troyan; Tkalya, E. V.

    2015-01-01

    The results are presented on the study of the electronic structure of thorium atoms adsorbed by the liquid atomic layer deposition from aqueous solution of thorium nitrate on the surface of CaF2. The chemical state of the atoms and the change of the band structure in the surface layers of Th/CaF2 system on CaF2 substrate were investigated by XPS and REELS techniques. It was found that REELS spectra for Th/CaF2 system include peaks in the region of low energy losses (3-7 eV) which are missing ...

  20. Sex, lies, and stereotypes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benshoof, J

    1998-01-22

    Efforts begun in 1977 as a 1-year project to ensure that Roe vs. Wade was implemented and enforced in the US continue today. Roe recognized that women must have the ability to make autonomous decisions about childbearing in order to be equal participants in society and that the government must remain neutral before the period of fetal viability. This breakthrough in women's rights was quickly threatened by anti-abortion forces that espoused "fetal rights" and demonized women seeking abortion. The 1992 Casey decision, while not overturning Roe, eradicated the key element of state neutrality and reinstated the stereotype that a woman should not be trusted to make an abortion decision on her own. This decision runs counter to court decisions that resist sexual stereotypes in every other area of American life. The latest threat is found in the "partial birth" abortion bans enacted in 17 states and blocked, in most cases, by Federal judges. It is time for the US Supreme Court to abandon sexual stereotypes and recognize that there is no real difference between women who have an abortion and women who choose to give birth.

  1. Detecting true lies: police officers' ability to detect suspects' lies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mann, Samantha; Vrij, Aldert; Bull, Ray

    2004-02-01

    Ninety-nine police officers, not identified in previous research as belonging to groups that are superior in lie detection, attempted to detect truths and lies told by suspects during their videotaped police interviews. Accuracy rates were higher than those typically found in deception research and reached levels similar to those obtained by specialized lie detectors in previous research. Accuracy was positively correlated with perceived experience in interviewing suspects and with mentioning cues to detecting deceit that relate to a suspect's story. Accuracy was negatively correlated with popular stereotypical cues such as gaze aversion and fidgeting. As in previous research, accuracy and confidence were not significantly correlated, but the level of confidence was dependent on whether officers judged actual truths or actual lies and on the method by which confidence was measured.

  2. Lying aversion and prosocial behaviour

    CERN Document Server

    Biziou-van-Pol, Laura; Novaro, Arianna; Liberman, Andrés Occhipinti; Capraro, Valerio

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this paper is the moral conflict between lying aversion and prosociality. What does telling a white lie signal about a person's prosocial tendencies? How does believing a possibly untruthful message signal about a listener's prosocial tendencies? To answer these questions, we conducted a 2x3 experiment. In the first stage we measured altruistic tendencies using a Dictator Game and cooperative tendencies using a Prisoner's dilemma. In the second stage, we used a sender-receiver game to measure aversion to telling a Pareto white lie (i.e., a lie that helps both the liar and the listener), aversion to telling an altruistic white lie (i.e., a lie that helps the listener at the expense of the liar), and skepticism towards believing a possibly untruthful message. We found three major results: (i) both altruism and cooperation are positively correlated with aversion to telling a Pareto white lie; (ii) neither altruism nor cooperation are significantly correlated with aversion to telling an altruistic wh...

  3. Lies, Calculations and Constructions: Beyond How to Lie with Statistics

    OpenAIRE

    Best, Joel

    2005-01-01

    Darrell Huff’s How to Lie with Statistics remains the best-known, nontechnical call for critical thinking about statistics. However, drawing a distinction between statistics and lying ignores the process by which statistics are socially constructed. For instance, bad statistics often are disseminated by sincere, albeit innumerate advocates (e.g., inflated estimates for the number of anorexia deaths) or through research findings selectively highlighted to attract media coverage (e.g., a recent...

  4. Remarks to the problem of the isomeric state production in (gamma, gamma') reactions in the giant dipole resonance

    CERN Document Server

    Demekhina, N A; Karapetyan, G S

    2001-01-01

    The population of the isomeric states is considered in nuclei sup 1 sup 1 sup 5 In and sup 1 sup 8 sup 0 Hf in photonuclear (gamma, gamma') reactions at giant dipole resonance energies. The comparison with the earlier published experimental and theoretical data is made. The behavior of the excitation function gives an evidence for possible increase of the high-spin state population in the giant resonance range

  5. Baryon Spectroscopy and Resonances

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robert Edwards

    2011-12-01

    A short review of current efforts to determine the highly excited state spectrum of QCD, and in particular baryons, using lattice QCD techniques is presented. The determination of the highly excited spectrum of QCD is a major theoretical and experimental challenge. The experimental investigation of the excited baryon spectrum has been a long-standing element of the hadronic-physics program, an important component of which is the search for so-called 'missing resonances', baryonic states predicted by the quark model based on three constituent quarks but which have not yet been observed experimentally. Should such states not be found, it may indicate that the baryon spectrum can be modeled with fewer effective degrees of freedom, such as in quark-diquark models. In the past decade, there has been an extensive program to collect data on electromagnetic production of one and two mesons at Jefferson Lab, MIT-Bates, LEGS, MAMI, ELSA, and GRAAL. To analyze these data, and thereby refine our knowledge of the baryon spectrum, a variety of physics analysis models have been developed at Bonn, George Washington University, Jefferson Laboratory and Mainz. To provide a theoretical determination and interpretation of the spectrum, ab initio computations within lattice QCD have been used. Historically, the calculation of the masses of the lowest-lying states, for both baryons and mesons, has been a benchmark calculation of this discretized, finite-volume computational approach, where the aim is well-understood control over the various systematic errors that enter into a calculation; for a recent review. However, there is now increasing effort aimed at calculating the excited states of the theory, with several groups presenting investigations of the low-lying excited baryon spectrum, using a variety of discretizations, numbers of quark flavors, interpolating operators, and fitting methodologies. Some aspects of these calculations remain unresolved and are the subject of

  6. Bistability and steady-state spin squeezing in diamond nanostructures controlled by a nanomechanical resonator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Yong-Hong; Zhang, Xue-Feng; Song, Jie; Wu, E.

    2016-06-01

    As the quantum states of nitrogen vacancy (NV) center can be coherently manipulated and obtained at room temperature, it is important to generate steady-state spin squeezing in spin qubits associated with NV impurities in diamond. With this task we consider a new type of a hybrid magneto-nano-electromechanical resonator, the functionality of which is based on a magnetic-field induced deflection of an appropriate cantilever that oscillates between NV spins in diamond. We show that there is bistability and spin squeezing state due to the presence of the microwave field, despite the damping from mechanical damping. Moreover, we find that bistability and spin squeezing can be controlled by the microwave field and the parameter Vz. Our scheme may have the potential application on spin clocks, magnetometers, and other measurements based on spin-spin system in diamond nanostructures.

  7. The over-barrier resonant states and multi-channel scattering by a quantum well

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander F. Polupanov

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available We demonstrate an explicit numerical method for accurate calculation ofthe analytic continuation of the scattering matrix, describing the multichannelscattering by a quantum well, to the unphysical region of complexvalues of the energy. Results of calculations show that one or severalpoles of the S-matrix exist, corresponding to the over-barrier resonantstates that are critical for the effect of the absolute reflection at scatteringof the heavy hole by a quantum well in the energy range where only theheavy hole may propagate over barriers in a quantum-well structure.Light- and heavy-hole states are described by the Luttinger Hamiltonianmatrix. The qualitative behaviour of the over-barrier scattering andresonant states is the same at variation of the shape of the quantum-wellpotential, however lifetimes of resonant states depend drastically on theshape and depth of a quantum well.

  8. Last Multipliers on Lie Algebroids

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mircea Crasmareanu; Cristina-Elena Hreţcanu

    2009-06-01

    In this paper we extend the theory of last multipliers as solutions of the Liouville’s transport equation to Lie algebroids with their top exterior power as trivial line bundle (previously developed for vector fields and multivectors). We define the notion of exact section and the Liouville equation on Lie algebroids. The aim of the present work is to develop the theory of this extension from the tangent bundle algebroid to a general Lie algebroid (e.g. the set of sections with a prescribed last multiplier is still a Gerstenhaber subalgebra). We present some characterizations of this extension in terms of Witten and Marsden differentials.

  9. Spectroscopy of low-lying single-particle states in $^{81}$Zn populated in the $^{80}$Zn(d,p) reaction

    CERN Multimedia

    The aim of this proposal is the study of single-particle states of $^{81}$Zn via the $^{80}$Zn(d,p) reaction in inverse kinematics. $^{81}$Zn will be produced by means of a laser-ionized, 5.5 MeV/u HIE-Isolde $^{80}$Zn beam impinging on a deuterated-polyethylene target. The protons and $\\gamma$-rays emitted in the reaction will be studied using the Miniball + T-REX setup. This experiment will constitute the first spectroscopic study of $^{81}$Zn, which is critically important to determine the energy and ordering of neutron single-particle orbits above the N=50 gap and the properties of $^{78}$Ni.

  10. Element-selective resonant state in M-doped SnTe (M = Ga, In, and Tl).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, X J; Liu, G Q; Xu, J T; Shao, H Z; Jiang, J; Jiang, H C

    2016-07-27

    The band engineering of M-doped SnTe (M = Ga, In, and Tl) is investigated by using first-principles calculations. Being consistent with experimental measurements, our calculations found that Ga doping hardly changes the valence band, while In doping introduces an obvious resonant state near the Fermi level. The resonant state is demonstrated to be from the anti-bonding of In-s and Te-p orbitals. Unexpectedly, no resonant state was observed in Tl-doped SnTe, indicating the nonmonotonic behavior of the Ga-In-Tl series. We show that the absence of the resonant state in Tl-doped SnTe is due to the downward shift of the Tl-s orbital, which may be attributed to the effect of lanthanide contraction. The increase of the Seebeck coefficient in In-doped SnTe is numerically confirmed by Boltzmann transport calculations. Moreover, we find that the mutually matched resonant state location and valence band separation is the key precondition for the combination of the resonant state and band convergence in SnTe. A further enhanced Seebeck coefficient (∼230 μV K(-1)) and ZT value (1.8 at 920 K) are predicted in codoped SnTe by In-Hg, owing to the synergy of two kinds of band engineering.

  11. A $\\gamma\\gamma$ Collider for the 750 GeV Resonant State

    CERN Document Server

    He, Min; Tang, Yong

    2016-01-01

    Recent data collected by ATLAS and CMS at 13 TeV collision energy of the LHC indicate the existence of a new resonant state $\\phi$ with a mass of 750 GeV decaying into two photons $\\gamma\\gamma$. The properties of $\\phi$ should be studied further at the LHC and also future colliders. Since only $\\phi \\to \\gamma\\gamma$ decay channel has been measured, one of the best ways to extract more information about $\\phi$ is to use a $\\gamma\\gamma$ collider to produce $\\phi$ at the resonant energy. In this work we show how $\\gamma\\gamma$ collider help to verify the existence of $\\phi$ and to provide some of the most important information about the properties of $\\phi$ such as branching fractions of $\\phi\\to V_1V_2$. Here $V_i$ can be $\\gamma$, $Z$, or $W^\\pm$. We also show that by studying angular distributions of the final $\\gamma$'s in $\\gamma\\gamma \\to \\phi \\to \\gamma\\gamma$, one can determine whether this state is a spin-0 or a spin-2 state.

  12. Principal resonance response of a stochastic elastic impact oscillator under nonlinear delayed state feedback

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄冬梅; 徐伟; 谢文贤; 韩群

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, the principal resonance response of a stochastically driven elastic impact (EI) system with time-delayed cubic velocity feedback is investigated. Firstly, based on the method of multiple scales, the steady-state response and its dynamic stability are analyzed in deterministic and stochastic cases, respectively. It is shown that for the case of the multi-valued response with the frequency island phenomenon, only the smallest amplitude of the steady-state response is stable under a certain time delay, which is different from the case of the traditional frequency response. Then, a design criterion is proposed to suppress the jump phenomenon, which is induced by the saddle-node bifurcation. The effects of the feedback parameters on the steady-state responses, as well as the size, shape, and location of stability regions are studied. Results show that the system responses and the stability boundaries are highly dependent on these parameters. Furthermore, with the purpose of suppressing the amplitude peak and governing the resonance stability, appropriate feedback gain and time delay are derived.

  13. A γγ collider for the 750 GeV resonant state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min He

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Recent data collected by ATLAS and CMS at 13 TeV collision energy of the LHC indicate the existence of a new resonant state ϕ with a mass of 750 GeV decaying into two photons γγ. The properties of ϕ should be studied further at the LHC and also future colliders. Since only ϕ→γγ decay channel has been measured, one of the best ways to extract more information about ϕ is to use a γγ collider to produce ϕ at the resonant energy. In this work we show how a γγ collider helps to verify the existence of ϕ and to provide some of the most important information about the properties of ϕ, such as branching fractions of ϕ→V1V2. Here Vi can be γ, Z, or W±. We also show that by studying angular distributions of the final γ's in γγ→ϕ→γγ, one can obtain crucial information about whether this state is a spin-0 or a spin-2 state.

  14. On Integrable Roots in Split Lie Triple Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A.J.CALDER(O)N MART(I)N

    2009-01-01

    We focus on the notion of an integrable root in the framework of split Lie triple systems T with a coherent 0-root space. As a main result, it is shown that if T has all its nonzero roots integrable, then its standard embedding is a split Lie algebra having all its nonzero roots integrable. As a consequence, a local finiteness theorem for split Lie triple systems, saying that whenever all nonzero roots of T are integrable then T is locally finite, is stated. Finally, a classification theorem for split simple Lie triple systems having all its nonzero roots integrable is given.

  15. Tolosa–Hunt Syndrome Demonstrated by Constructive Interference Steady State Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wani, Nisar A.; Jehangir, Majid; Lone, Parveen A.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: To highlight the role of constructive interference steady state (CISS) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome (THS). Case Report: We describe a case of THS in a 55-year-old woman presenting with left painful opthalmoplegia that was diagnosed by CISS MRI. Patient responded to steroid treatment and the lesion resolved. Conclusion: Imaging with MRI can help in making the diagnosis of THS by demonstrating an enhancing soft tissue lesion in the cavernous sinus and orbital apex resolving with steroids. CISS MRI is a sensitive sequence for diagnosis and follow-up imaging in THS.

  16. Final states with 3rd generation quarks @ 13 TeV (resonant or not)

    CERN Document Server

    Everaerts, Pieter Bruno Bart

    2016-01-01

    A wide variety of new physics models gives rise to final states with third-generation quarks. This note presents new results for some of these models using 13 TeV proton-proton collisions at the CERN LHC. Direct production of third-generation supersymmetric superpartners and vector-like quarks are discussed. Also the searches looking for resonances with third-generation quarks are covered. None of the searches discussed here shows an indication of new physics and the new exclusion limits are presented.

  17. Resonance states in the hydrogen-antihydrogen system from a nonadiabatic treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stegeby, Henrik; Piszczatowski, Konrad

    2016-01-01

    The quantum-mechanical four-body problem for the hydrogen-antihydrogen system has been solved by means of the variational implementation of the coupled-arrangement channel method. Wave functions have been formed using the Gaussian expansion method (GEM) in Jacobi coordinates; they explicitly include components corresponding to the rearrangement from hydrogen and antihydrogen (H + \\bar{{{H}}}) into protonium and positronium (Pn + Ps). We analyze the solutions belonging to the discretized spectrum of the four-body eigenvalue problem, searching for resonance states at energies just below the H-\\bar{{{H}}} dissociation energy threshold by means of the stabilization method and complex scaling.

  18. Resonance formation in the $\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0$ final state in two-photon collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Acciarri, M; Aguilar-Benítez, M; Ahlen, S P; Alcaraz, J; Alemanni, G; Allaby, James V; Aloisio, A; Alverson, G; Alviggi, M G; Ambrosi, G; Anderhub, H; Andreev, V P; Angelescu, T; Anselmo, F; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Bagnaia, P; Baksay, L; Ball, R C; Banerjee, S; Banerjee, Sw; Banicz, K; Barczyk, A; Barillère, R; Barone, L; Bartalini, P; Baschirotto, A; Basile, M; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Bhattacharya, S; Biasini, M; Biland, A; Bilei, G M; Blaising, J J; Blyth, S C; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Böck, R K; Böhm, A; Boldizsar, L; Borgia, B; Boucham, A; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Boutigny, D; Braccini, S; Branson, J G; Brigljevic, V; Brock, I C; Buffini, A; Buijs, A; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Busenitz, J K; Cai, X D; Campanelli, M; Capell, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Castellini, G; Cavallari, F; Cavallo, N; Cecchi, C; Cerrada-Canales, M; Cesaroni, F; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chang, Y H; Chaturvedi, U K; Chekanov, S V; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chen, M; Chiefari, G; Chien, C Y; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Civinini, C; Clare, I; Clare, R; Cohn, H O; Coignet, G; Colijn, A P; Colino, N; Commichau, V; Costantini, S; Cotorobai, F; de la Cruz, B; Csilling, Akos; Dai, T S; D'Alessandro, R; De Asmundis, R; Degré, A; Deiters, K; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; DiBitonto, Daryl; Diemoz, M; Van Dierendonck, D N; Di Lodovico, F; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Dominguez, A; Doria, A; Dorne, I; Dova, M T; Drago, E; Duchesneau, D; Duinker, P; Durán, I; Dutta, S; Easo, S; Efremenko, Yu V; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Erné, F C; Ernenwein, J P; Extermann, Pierre; Fabre, M; Faccini, R; Falciano, S; Favara, A; Fay, J; Fedin, O; Felcini, Marta; Fenyi, B; Ferguson, T; Ferroni, F; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Fisk, I; Forconi, G; Fredj, L; Freudenreich, Klaus; Furetta, C; Galaktionov, Yu; Ganguli, S N; García-Abia, P; Gau, S S; Gentile, S; Gerald, J; Gheordanescu, N; Giagu, S; Goldfarb, S; Goldstein, J; Gong, Z F; Gougas, Andreas; Gratta, Giorgio; Grünewald, M W; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gutay, L J; Hartmann, B; Hasan, A; Hatzifotiadou, D; Hebbeker, T; Hervé, A; Van Hoek, W C; Hofer, H; Hong, S J; Hoorani, H; Hou, S R; Hu, G; Innocente, Vincenzo; Janssen, H; Jenkes, K; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; de Jong, P; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Kasser, A; Khan, R A; Kamrad, D; Kamyshkov, Yu A; Kapustinsky, J S; Karyotakis, Yu; Kaur, M; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, D; Kim, D H; Kim, J K; Kim, S C; Kim, Y G; Kinnison, W W; Kirkby, A; Kirkby, D; Kirkby, Jasper; Kiss, D; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; König, A C; Kopp, A; Korolko, I; Koutsenko, V F; Krämer, R W; Krenz, W; Kunin, A; Ladrón de Guevara, P; Landi, G; Lapoint, C; Lassila-Perini, K M; Laurikainen, P; Lebeau, M; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Leggett, C; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Leonardi, E; Levchenko, P M; Li Chuan; Lin, C H; Lin, W T; Linde, Frank L; Lista, L; Liu, Z A; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lu, W; Lü, Y S; Lübelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luckey, D; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma Wen Gan; Maity, M; Majumder, G; Malgeri, L; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Mangeol, D J J; Mangla, S; Marchesini, P A; Marin, A; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Massaro, G G G; McNally, D; Mele, S; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Von der Mey, M; Mi, Y; Mihul, A; Van Mil, A J W; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Molnár, P; Monteleoni, B; Moore, R; Morganti, S; Moulik, T; Mount, R; Müller, S; Muheim, F; Muijs, A J M; Nahn, S; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Niessen, T; Nippe, A; Nisati, A; Nowak, H; Oh, Yu D; Opitz, H; Organtini, G; Ostonen, R; Palomares, C; Pandoulas, D; Paoletti, S; Paolucci, P; Park, H K; Park, I H; Pascale, G; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Peach, D; Pei, Y J; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Petersen, B; Petrak, S; Pevsner, A; Piccolo, D; Pieri, M; Pinto, J C; Piroué, P A; Pistolesi, E; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Postema, H; Produit, N; Prokofev, D; Prokofiev, D O; Rahal-Callot, G; Raja, N; Rancoita, P G; Rattaggi, M; Raven, G; Razis, P A; Read, K; Ren, D; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Van Rhee, T; Riemann, S; Riles, K; Robohm, A; Rodin, J; Roe, B P; Romero, L; Rosier-Lees, S; Rosselet, P; Van Rossum, W; Roth, S; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Ruschmeier, D; Rykaczewski, H; Salicio, J; Sánchez, E; Sanders, M P; Sarakinos, M E; Sarkar, S; Sassowsky, M; Sauvage, G; Schäfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmidt-Kärst, S; Schmitz, D; Schmitz, P; Schneegans, M; Scholz, N; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Schwenke, J; Schwering, G; Sciacca, C; Sciarrino, D; Servoli, L; Shevchenko, S; Shivarov, N; Shoutko, V; Shukla, J; Shumilov, E; Shvorob, A V; Siedenburg, T; Son, D; Sopczak, André; Soulimov, V; Smith, B; Spillantini, P; Steuer, M; Stickland, D P; Stone, H; Stoyanov, B; Strässner, A; Strauch, K; Sudhakar, K; Sultanov, G G; Sun, L Z; Susinno, G F; Suter, H; Swain, J D; Tang, X W; Tauscher, Ludwig; Taylor, L; Ting, Samuel C C; Ting, S M; Tonutti, M; Tonwar, S C; Tóth, J; Tully, C; Tuchscherer, H; Tung, K L; Uchida, Y; Ulbricht, J; Uwer, U; Valente, E; Van de Walle, R T; Vesztergombi, G; Vetlitskii, I; Viertel, Gert M; Vivargent, M; Völkert, R; Vogel, H; Vogt, H; Vorobev, I; Vorobyov, A A; Vorvolakos, A; Wadhwa, M; Wallraff, W; Wang, J C; Wang, X L; Wang, Z M; Weber, A; Wittgenstein, F; Wu, S X; Wynhoff, S; Xu, J; Xu, Z Z; Yang, B Z; Yang, C G; Yao, X Y; Ye, J B; Yeh, S C; You, J M; Zalite, A; Zalite, Yu; Zemp, P; Zeng, Y; Zhang, Z; Zhang, Z P; Zhou, B; Zhou, Y; Zhu, G Y; Zhu, R Y; Zichichi, Antonino; Ziegler, F

    1997-01-01

    A study of resonance formation is presented in the $\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0$ final state in two-photon collisions at LEP. The $a_2(1320)$ radiative width is measured to be $\\Gamma_{\\gamma\\gamma}=0.98\\pm0.05\\pm0.09$ keV{}. The helicity 2 production is dominant. Exclusive $\\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0$ production has also been studied in the mass region above the $a_2$ in the $\\rho\\pi$ and $f_2\\pi$ channels. This region is dominated by a $\\rm J^P$=$2^+$ helicity 2 wave.

  19. Solid State Multinuclear Magnetic Resonance Investigation of Electrolyte Decomposition Products on Lithium Ion Electrodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeSilva, J .H. S. R.; Udinwe, V.; Sideris, P. J.; Smart, M. C.; Krause, F. C.; Hwang, C.; Smith, K. A.; Greenbaum, S. G.

    2012-01-01

    Solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) formation in lithium ion cells prepared with advanced electrolytes is investigated by solid state multinuclear (7Li, 19F, 31P) magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of electrode materials harvested from cycled cells subjected to an accelerated aging protocol. The electrolyte composition is varied to include the addition of fluorinated carbonates and triphenyl phosphate (TPP, a flame retardant). In addition to species associated with LiPF6 decomposition, cathode NMR spectra are characterized by the presence of compounds originating from the TPP additive. Substantial amounts of LiF are observed in the anodes as well as compounds originating from the fluorinated carbonates.

  20. Solid State Multinuclear Magnetic Resonance Investigation of Electrolyte Decomposition Products on Lithium Ion Electrodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeSilva, J .H. S. R.; Udinwe, V.; Sideris, P. J.; Smart, M. C.; Krause, F. C.; Hwang, C.; Smith, K. A.; Greenbaum, S. G.

    2012-01-01

    Solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) formation in lithium ion cells prepared with advanced electrolytes is investigated by solid state multinuclear (7Li, 19F, 31P) magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements of electrode materials harvested from cycled cells subjected to an accelerated aging protocol. The electrolyte composition is varied to include the addition of fluorinated carbonates and triphenyl phosphate (TPP, a flame retardant). In addition to species associated with LiPF6 decomposition, cathode NMR spectra are characterized by the presence of compounds originating from the TPP additive. Substantial amounts of LiF are observed in the anodes as well as compounds originating from the fluorinated carbonates.

  1. Historical Techniques of Lie Detection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina Vicianova

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Since time immemorial, lying has been a part of everyday life. For this reason, it has become a subject of interest in several disciplines, including psychology. The purpose of this article is to provide a general overview of the literature and thinking to date about the evolution of lie detection techniques. The first part explores ancient methods recorded circa 1000 B.C. (e.g., God’s judgment in Europe. The second part describes technical methods based on sciences such as phrenology, polygraph and graphology. This is followed by an outline of more modern-day approaches such as FACS (Facial Action Coding System, functional MRI, and Brain Fingerprinting. Finally, after the familiarization with the historical development of techniques for lie detection, we discuss the scope for new initiatives not only in the area of designing new methods, but also for the research into lie detection itself, such as its motives and regulatory issues related to deception.

  2. NUCLEAR PHYSICS Resonances-Excitation Calculation Studies Investigation of Δ(3, 3) in Ground State of 90Zr Cold Finite Heavy Nucleus at Equilibrium and Under Large Compression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammed, H. E. Abu-Sei'leek

    2011-01-01

    A non-relativistic microscopic mean field theory of finite nuclei is investigated where the nucleus is described as a collection of nucleons and delta resonances. The ground state properties of 90Zr nucleus have been investigated at equilibrium and large amplitude compression using a realistic effective baryon-baryon Hamiltonian based on Reid Soft Core (RSC) potential. The sensitivity of the ground state properties is studied, such as binding energy, nuclear radius, radial density distribution, and single particle energies to the degree of compression. It is found that the most of increasing in the nuclear energy generated under compression is used to create the massive Δ particles. For 90Zr nucleus under compression at 2.5 times density of the normal nuclear density, the excited nucleons to Δ's are increased sharply up to 14% of the total number of constituents. This result is consistent with the values extracted from relativistic heavy-ion collisions. The single particle energy levels are calculated and their behaviors under compression are examined too. A good agreement between results with effective Hamiltonian and the phenomenological shell model for the low lying single-particle spectra is obtained. A considerable reduction in compressibility for the nucleus, and softening of the equation of state with the inclusion of the Δ's in the nuclear dynamics are suggested by the results.

  3. Decreased regional homogeneity in major depression as revealed by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PENG Dai-hui; JIANG Kai-da; FANG Yi-ru; XU Yi-feng; SHEN Ting; LONG Xiang-yu; LIU Jun; ZANG Yu-feng

    2011-01-01

    Backgroud Functional imaging studies indicate abnormal activities in cortico-limbic network in depression during either task or resting state. The present work was to explore the abnormal spontaneous activity shown with regional homogeneity (ReHo) in depression by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).Methods Using fMRI, the differences of regional brain activity were measured in resting state in depressed vs. healthy participants. Sixteen participants firstly diagnosed with major depressive disorder and 16 controls were scanned during resting state. A novel method based on ReHo was used to detect spontaneous hemodynamic responses across the whole brain.Results ReHo in the left thalamus, left temporal lobe, left cerebellar posterior lobe, and the bilateral occipital lobe was found to be significantly decreased in depression compared to healthy controls in resting state of depression.Conclusions Abnormal spontaneous activity exists in the left thalamus, left temporal lobe, left cerebellar posterior lobe,and the bilateral occipital lobe. And the ReHo may be a potential reference in understanding the distinct brain activity in resting state of depression.

  4. Frequency Split Elimination Method for a Solid-State Vibratory Angular Rate Gyro with an Imperfect Axisymmetric-Shell Resonator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhen Lin

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The resonator of a solid-state vibratory gyro is responsible for sensing angular motion. Frequency splitting of an axisymmetric-shell resonator is a common problem caused by manufacturing defects. The defect causes a frequency difference between two working modes which consist of two nodes and two antinodes. The difference leads to the loss of gyroscopic effect, and thus the resonator cannot sense angular motion. In this paper, the resonator based on an axisymmetric multi-curved surface shell structure is investigated and an approach to eliminate frequency splits is proposed. Since axisymmetric multi-curved surface shell resonators are too complex to be modeled, this paper proposes a simplified model by focusing on a common property of the axisymmetric shell. The resonator with stochastic imperfections is made equivalent to a perfect shell with an imperfect mass point. Rayleigh’s energy method is used in the theoretical analysis. Finite element modeling is used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the elimination approach. In real cases, a resonator’s frequency split is eliminated by the proposed approach. In this paper, errors in the theoretical analysis are discussed and steps to be taken when the deviation between assumptions and the real situation is large are figured out. The resonator has good performance after processing. The elimination approach can be applied to any kind of solid-state vibratory gyro resonators with an axisymmetric shell structure.

  5. Structure of Solvable Quadratic Lie Algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Lin-sheng

    2005-01-01

    @@ Killing form plays a key role in the theory of semisimple Lie algebras. It is natural to extend the study to Lie algebras with a nondegenerate symmetric invariant bilinear form. Such a Lie algebra is generally called a quadratic Lie algebra which occur naturally in physics[10,12,13]. Besides semisimple Lie algebras, interesting quadratic Lie algebras include the Kac-Moody algebras and the Extended Affine Lie algebras.

  6. Exploring altered consciousness states by magnetic resonance imaging in brain injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lescot, Thomas; Galanaud, Damien; Puybasset, Louis

    2009-03-01

    Traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs abruptly, involves multiple specialized teams, calls on the health-care system in its emergency dimension, and engages the well-being of the patient and his relatives for a lifetime period. Clinicians in charge of these patients are faced with issues of uppermost importance: medical issues such as predicting the long-term neurological outcome of the comatose patient; ethical issues because of the influence of intensive care on the long-term survival of patients in a vegetative and minimally conscious state; legal issues because of the law that has set the concept of proportionality of care as the legal rule; and social issues as the result of the very high cost of these pathologies. Today's larger availability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in ventilated patients and the recent improvements in hardware and in imaging techniques that have made the last-developed imaging techniques such as diffusion tensor imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy available in brain-trauma patients, are changing the paradigm in neurointensive care regarding outcome prediction. The old paradigm that no individual prognosis could be made at the subacute phase in TBI patients does not hold true anymore. This major change opens new challenging ethical questions. This review focuses on the brain explorations that are required, such as MRI, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and diffusion tensor imaging, to provide the clinician with a multimodal assessment of the brain state to predict outcome of coma. Such an assessment will become mandatory in the near future to answer the crucial question of proportionality of care in these patients.

  7. Exploiting jet binning to identify the initial state of high-mass resonances

    CERN Document Server

    Ebert, Markus A; Moult, Ian; Stewart, Iain W; Tackmann, Frank J; Tackmann, Kerstin; Zeune, Lisa

    2016-01-01

    If a new high-mass resonance is discovered at the Large Hadron Collider, model-independent techniques to identify the production mechanism will be crucial to understand its nature and effective couplings to Standard Model particles. We present a powerful and model-independent method to infer the initial state in the production of any high-mass color-singlet system by using a tight veto on accompanying hadronic jets to divide the data into two mutually exclusive event samples (jet bins). For a resonance of several hundred GeV, the jet binning cut needed to discriminate quark and gluon initial states is in the experimentally accessible range of several tens of GeV. It also yields comparable cross sections for both bins, making this method viable already with the small event samples available shortly after a discovery. Theoretically, the method is made feasible by utilizing an effective field theory setup to compute the jet cut dependence precisely and model-independently and to systematically control all source...

  8. Searches for top-antitop quark resonances in semileptonic final states with the CMS detector

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(INSPIRE)INSPIRE-00358030

    This thesis presents the results of two searches for a top-antitop quark ($t\\bar{t}$) resonance in semileptonic final states using data collected by the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Evidence of resonant $t\\bar{t}$ production would represent a clear sign of new physics beyond the Standard Model of particle physics. The first search is based on the full data set recorded by the CMS experiment in proton-proton (pp) collisions at a center-of-mass energy of $\\sqrt{s}=8~\\text{TeV}$ during the LHC Run-1, for a total integrated luminosity of $19.7~\\text{fb}^{-1}$. The second search considers $2.6~\\text{fb}^{-1}$ of pp collisions data recorded by the CMS experiment in the first year of the LHC Run-2 (2015) at the higher center-of-mass energy of $\\sqrt{s}=13~\\text{TeV}$. Both analyses make use of state-of-the-art techniques for the identification of top quarks produced with large transverse momentum. This approach maximizes the sensitivity of the analyses for high-mass...

  9. Bound states via Higgs exchanging and heavy resonant di-Higgs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Zhaofeng

    2017-08-01

    The existence of Higgs boson h predicted by the standard model (SM) was established and hunting for clues to new physics (NP) hidden in h has become the top priority in particle physics. In this paper we explore an intriguing phenomenon that prevails in NP associated with h, bound state (Bh, referring to the ground state only) of relatively heavy particles ϕ out of NP via interchanging h. This is well-motivated due to the intrinsic properties of h: It has zero spin and light mass, capable of mediating Yukawa interactions; moreover, it may be strongly coupled to ϕ in several important contexts, from addressing the naturalness problem by compositeness/supersymmetry (SUSY)/classical scale invariance to understanding neutrino mass origin radiatively and matter asymmetry by electroweak baryogensis. The new resonance Bh, being a neutral scalar boson, has important implications to the large hadron collider (LHC) di-Higgs search because it yields a clear resonant di-Higgs signature at the high mass region (≳ 1 TeV). In other words, searching for Bh offers a new avenue to probe the hidden sector with a Higgs-portal. For illustration in this paper we concentrate on two examples, the stop sector in SUSY and an inert Higgs doublet from a radiative neutrino model. In particular, h-mediation opens a new and wide window to probe the conventional stoponium and the current date begins to have sensitivity to stoponium around TeV.

  10. Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging processing techniques in stroke studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirzaei, Golrokh; Adeli, Hojjat

    2016-12-01

    In recent years, there has been considerable research interest in the study of brain connectivity using the resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI). Studies have explored the brain networks and connection between different brain regions. These studies have revealed interesting new findings about the brain mapping as well as important new insights in the overall organization of functional communication in the brain network. In this paper, after a general discussion of brain networks and connectivity imaging, the brain connectivity and resting state networks are described with a focus on rsfMRI imaging in stroke studies. Then, techniques for preprocessing of the rsfMRI for stroke patients are reviewed, followed by brain connectivity processing techniques. Recent research on brain connectivity using rsfMRI is reviewed with an emphasis on stroke studies. The authors hope this paper generates further interest in this emerging area of computational neuroscience with potential applications in rehabilitation of stroke patients.

  11. Solid state nuclear magnetic resonance studies of cross polarization from quadrupolar nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    De Paul, Susan M. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    1997-08-01

    The development of solid-state Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) has, to a large extent, focused on using spin-1/2 nuclei as probes to investigate molecular structure and dynamics. For such nuclei, the technique of cross polarization is well-established as a method for sensitivity enhancement. However, over two-thirds of the nuclei in the periodic table have a spin-quantum number greater than one-half and are known as quadrupolar nuclei. Such nuclei are fundamental constituents of many inorganic materials including minerals, zeolites, glasses, and gels. It is, therefore, of interest to explore the extent to which polarization can be transferred from quadrupolar nuclei. In this dissertation, solid-state NMR experiments involving cross polarization from quadrupolar nuclei to spin-1/2 nuclei under magic-angle spinning (MAS) conditions are investigated in detail.

  12. Direct Observation of the E_ Resonant State in GaAs1-xBix

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alberi, Kirstin; Beaton, Daniel A.; Mascarenhas, Angelo

    2015-12-15

    Bismuth-derived resonant states with T2 symmetry are detected in the valence band of GaAs1-xBix using electromodulated reflectance. A doublet is located 42 meV below the valence band edge of GaAs that is split by local strain around isolated Bi impurity atoms. A transition associated with a singlet is also observed just above the GaAs spin orbit split-off band. These states move deeper into the valence band with increasing Bi concentration but at a much slower rate than the well-known giant upward movement of the valence band edge in GaAs1-xBix. Our results provide key new insights for clarifying the mechanisms by which isovalent impurities alter the bandstructure of the host semiconductor.

  13. Photoswitchable Magnetic Resonance Imaging Contrast by Improved Light-Driven Coordination-Induced Spin State Switch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dommaschk, Marcel; Peters, Morten; Gutzeit, Florian; Schütt, Christian; Näther, Christian; Sönnichsen, Frank D; Tiwari, Sanjay; Riedel, Christian; Boretius, Susann; Herges, Rainer

    2015-06-24

    We present a fully reversible and highly efficient on-off photoswitching of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast with green (500 nm) and violet-blue (435 nm) light. The contrast change is based on intramolecular light-driven coordination-induced spin state switch (LD-CISSS), performed with azopyridine-substituted Ni-porphyrins. The relaxation time of the solvent protons in 3 mM solutions of the azoporphyrins in DMSO was switched between 3.5 and 1.7 s. The relaxivity of the contrast agent changes by a factor of 6.7. No fatigue or side reaction was observed, even after >100,000 switching cycles in air at room temperature. Electron-donating substituents at the pyridine improve the LD-CISSS in two ways: better photostationary states are achieved, and intramolecular binding is enhanced.

  14. Theoretical approaches to control spin dynamics in solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Eugene Stephane Mananga

    2015-12-01

    This article reviews theoretical approaches for controlling spin dynamics in solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance. We present fundamental theories in the history of NMR, namely, the average Hamiltonian and Floquet theories. We also discuss emerging theories such as the Fer and Floquet-Magnus expansions. These theories allow one to solve the time-dependent Schrodinger equation, which is still the central problem in spin dynamics of solid-state NMR. Examples from the literature that highlight several applications of these theories are presented, and particular attention is paid to numerical integrators and propagator operators. The problem of time propagation calculated with Chebychev expansion and the future development of numerical directions with the Cayley transformation are considered. The bibliography includes 190 references.

  15. Automated solid-state NMR resonance assignment of protein microcrystals and amyloids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, Elena [Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Center for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance, Institute of Biophysical Chemistry (Germany); Gath, Julia [ETH Zurich, Physical Chemistry (Switzerland); Habenstein, Birgit [UMR 5086 CNRS/Universite de Lyon 1, Institut de Biologie et Chimie des Proteines (France); Ravotti, Francesco; Szekely, Kathrin; Huber, Matthias [ETH Zurich, Physical Chemistry (Switzerland); Buchner, Lena [Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Center for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance, Institute of Biophysical Chemistry (Germany); Boeckmann, Anja, E-mail: a.bockmann@ibcp.fr [UMR 5086 CNRS/Universite de Lyon 1, Institut de Biologie et Chimie des Proteines (France); Meier, Beat H., E-mail: beme@ethz.ch [ETH Zurich, Physical Chemistry (Switzerland); Guentert, Peter, E-mail: guentert@em.uni-frankfurt.de [Goethe University Frankfurt am Main, Center for Biomolecular Magnetic Resonance, Institute of Biophysical Chemistry (Germany)

    2013-07-15

    Solid-state NMR is an emerging structure determination technique for crystalline and non-crystalline protein assemblies, e.g., amyloids. Resonance assignment constitutes the first and often very time-consuming step to a structure. We present ssFLYA, a generally applicable algorithm for automatic assignment of protein solid-state NMR spectra. Application to microcrystals of ubiquitin and the Ure2 prion C-terminal domain, as well as amyloids of HET-s(218-289) and {alpha}-synuclein yielded 88-97 % correctness for the backbone and side-chain assignments that are classified as self-consistent by the algorithm, and 77-90 % correctness if also assignments classified as tentative by the algorithm are included.

  16. Ferromagnetic resonance in Ni-Zn ferrite nanoparticles in different aggregation states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valenzuela, Raul, E-mail: monjaras@servidor.unam.mx [Departamento de Materiales Metalicos y Ceramicos, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Mexico D.F. 04510 (Mexico); Herbst, Frederic; Ammar, Souad [ITODYS, UMR-CNRS 7086, Universite de Paris-Diderot, 75205 Paris Cedex (France)

    2012-10-15

    Ferrite nanoparticles of composition Zn{sub 0.5}Ni{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 2}O{sub 4} were synthesized by forced hydrolysis in polyol from the corresponding zinc, nickel and iron acetates. By varying the preparation conditions, different aggregation states were obtained, ranging from isolated nanoparticles with average diameter of 5 nm, to clusters of some 20 nm, formed as well by nanoparticles with average diameter in the 5 nm range, as confirmed by X-ray diffraction and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. Ferromagnetic resonance measurements exhibited a ferrimagnetic behavior for both aggregation states at 77 K; at 300 K, however, isolated nanoparticles showed a superparamagnetic behavior while clustered ones remained ferrimagnetic with a broad linewidth. These results are interpreted on the basis of interactions between nanoparticles.

  17. Vibrational-ground-state zero-width resonances for laser filtration: An extended semiclassical analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaouadi, Amine; Lefebvre, Roland; Atabek, Osman

    2017-06-01

    A semiclassical model supporting the destructive interference interpretation of zero-width resonances (ZWRs) is extended to wavelengths inducing c--type curve crossing situations in Na2 strong-field dissociation. This opens the possibility to get critical couples of wavelengths λ and field intensities I to reach ZWRs associated with the ground vibrationless level v =0 , that, contrary to other vibrational states (v >0 ), is not attainable for the commonly referred c+-type crossings. The morphology of such ZWRs in the laser (I ,λ ) parameter plane and their usefulness in filtration strategies aiming at molecular cooling down to the ground v =0 state are examined within the frame of an adiabatic transport scheme.

  18. Resonant state expansion applied to three-dimensional open optical systems

    CERN Document Server

    Doost, M B; Muljarov, E A

    2014-01-01

    The resonant state expansion (RSE), a rigorous perturbative method in electrodynamics, is developed for three-dimensional open optical systems. Results are presented using the analytically solvable homogeneous dielectric sphere as unperturbed system. Since any perturbation which breaks the spherical symmetry mixes transverse electric (TE) and transverse magnetic (TM) modes, the RSE is extended here to include TM modes and a zero-frequency pole of the Green's function. We demonstrate the validity of the RSE for TM modes by verifying its convergence towards the exact result for a homogeneous perturbation of the sphere. We then apply the RSE to calculate the modes for a selection of perturbations sequentially reducing the remaining symmetry, given by a change of the dielectric constant of half-sphere and quarter-sphere shape. Since no exact solutions are known for these perturbations, we verify the RSE results by comparing them with the results of state of the art finite element method (FEM) and finite differenc...

  19. Quantum state transfer and controlled-phase gate on one-dimensional superconducting resonators assisted by a quantum bus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hua, Ming; Tao, Ming-Jie; Deng, Fu-Guo

    2016-02-24

    We propose a quantum processor for the scalable quantum computation on microwave photons in distant one-dimensional superconducting resonators. It is composed of a common resonator R acting as a quantum bus and some distant resonators rj coupled to the bus in different positions assisted by superconducting quantum interferometer devices (SQUID), different from previous processors. R is coupled to one transmon qutrit, and the coupling strengths between rj and R can be fully tuned by the external flux through the SQUID. To show the processor can be used to achieve universal quantum computation effectively, we present a scheme to complete the high-fidelity quantum state transfer between two distant microwave-photon resonators and another one for the high-fidelity controlled-phase gate on them. By using the technique for catching and releasing the microwave photons from resonators, our processor may play an important role in quantum communication as well.

  20. Lie bialgebras of generalized Witt type

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG; Guang'ai; SU; Yucai

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, all Lie bialgebra structures on the Lie algebras of generalized Witt type are considered. It is proved that, for any Lie algebra W of generalized Witt type, all Lie bialgebras on W are the coboundary triangular Lie bialgebras. As a by-product, it is also proved that the first cohomology group H1(W, W (x) W) is trivial.