WorldWideScience

Sample records for lvw lbs standards

  1. Performance Analysis of a Novel LBS Application Using MBMS&TPEG in 3G Mobile Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu Lou

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Location-based services (LBS provide content that is dynamically customized according to the user's location. These services are commonly delivered to mobile devices. Due to wireless bandwidth limit, broadcasting based transmission technology is one of main methods to provide dynamic real-time information or public emergency for commercial LBS applications. Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Services (MBMS is a broadcasting service offered via existing GSM and UMTS cellular networks. MBMS has the major benefit that the network infrastructure already exists for mobile network operators and the deployment can be cost effective compared with building a new network for the services. However, Location-based services historically were built as stand-alone applications that did not communicate easily with other applications and systems. Therefore, open standards will be a necessary catalyst for LBS growth. This paper proposes a novel LBS application framework based on the TPEG protocol (transport protocol experts group over MBMS and explains the implement of that using the stream delivery method and download delivery method. For download service, Results of performance tests for FLUTE protocol (File Delivery under unidirectional Transport and FEC (Forward error correction are also presented.

  2. A Framework of Web Data Integrated LBS Middleware

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MENG Xiaofeng; YIN Shaoyi; XIAO Zhen

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a flexible location-based service (LBS) middleware framework to make the development and deployment of new location based applications much easier. Considering the World Wide Web as a huge data source of location-relative information, we integrate the common used web data extraction techniques into the middleware framework, exposing a unified web data interface for the upper applications to make them more attractive. Besides, the framework also emphasizes some common LBS issues, including positioning, location modeling, location-dependent query processing, privacy and secure management.

  3. Representation and Organization for Spatial Data in LBS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yanhui Wang; Yue Li

    2014-01-01

    Aiming at the special demand on SVG_based representation and organization for spatial data in location based services (LBS), the research is made in this article on the conversion method from multiple formats to SVG format, and a harris_corner detector method is proposed and verified to evaluate the conversion result. Based on the above, an optimized compression arithmetic is proposed, which integrated the characteristic of code simplification and GZIP compression. The test shows that the techniques on conversion and compression are feasible, which means that SVG_based representa-tion is suited for spatial data in LBS and the improved compression arithmetic is prior to the former.

  4. Operator scheduling strategy for LBS-based intelligent transportation system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Jing-jing; XIA Ying; GE Jun-wei; Dong-wook Lee; Hae-young Bae

    2007-01-01

    With the development of location technologies, advanced LBS-based ITS increasingly requires the capability of database technologies to manage the continuously arrived vehicles' location, traffic jam and other interrelated information of large amounts of traffic in the following years. And some burst arrival stream data will challenge the real-time performance and the allocation of limited resource. However, choosing a desirable database operator scheduling strategy can significantly improve the performance of the system. The path capability strategy was chosen and improved as ITS' operator scheduling strategy to meet the real-time response and the minimal memory requirement of the system.

  5. A hybrid smartphone indoor positioning solution for mobile LBS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jingbin; Chen, Ruizhi; Pei, Ling; Guinness, Robert; Kuusniemi, Heidi

    2012-12-12

    Smartphone positioning is an enabling technology used to create new business in the navigation and mobile location-based services (LBS) industries. This paper presents a smartphone indoor positioning engine named HIPE that can be easily integrated with mobile LBS. HIPE is a hybrid solution that fuses measurements of smartphone sensors with wireless signals. The smartphone sensors are used to measure the user's motion dynamics information (MDI), which represent the spatial correlation of various locations. Two algorithms based on hidden Markov model (HMM) problems, the grid-based filter and the Viterbi algorithm, are used in this paper as the central processor for data fusion to resolve the position estimates, and these algorithms are applicable for different applications, e.g., real-time navigation and location tracking, respectively. HIPE is more widely applicable for various motion scenarios than solutions proposed in previous studies because it uses no deterministic motion models, which have been commonly used in previous works. The experimental results showed that HIPE can provide adequate positioning accuracy and robustness for different scenarios of MDI combinations. HIPE is a cost-efficient solution, and it can work flexibly with different smartphone platforms, which may have different types of sensors available for the measurement of MDI data. The reliability of the positioning solution was found to increase with increasing precision of the MDI data.

  6. Nonexposure Accurate Location K-Anonymity Algorithm in LBS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jinying Jia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper tackles location privacy protection in current location-based services (LBS where mobile users have to report their exact location information to an LBS provider in order to obtain their desired services. Location cloaking has been proposed and well studied to protect user privacy. It blurs the user’s accurate coordinate and replaces it with a well-shaped cloaked region. However, to obtain such an anonymous spatial region (ASR, nearly all existent cloaking algorithms require knowing the accurate locations of all users. Therefore, location cloaking without exposing the user’s accurate location to any party is urgently needed. In this paper, we present such two nonexposure accurate location cloaking algorithms. They are designed for K-anonymity, and cloaking is performed based on the identifications (IDs of the grid areas which were reported by all the users, instead of directly on their accurate coordinates. Experimental results show that our algorithms are more secure than the existent cloaking algorithms, need not have all the users reporting their locations all the time, and can generate smaller ASR.

  7. Nonexposure accurate location K-anonymity algorithm in LBS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Jinying; Zhang, Fengli

    2014-01-01

    This paper tackles location privacy protection in current location-based services (LBS) where mobile users have to report their exact location information to an LBS provider in order to obtain their desired services. Location cloaking has been proposed and well studied to protect user privacy. It blurs the user's accurate coordinate and replaces it with a well-shaped cloaked region. However, to obtain such an anonymous spatial region (ASR), nearly all existent cloaking algorithms require knowing the accurate locations of all users. Therefore, location cloaking without exposing the user's accurate location to any party is urgently needed. In this paper, we present such two nonexposure accurate location cloaking algorithms. They are designed for K-anonymity, and cloaking is performed based on the identifications (IDs) of the grid areas which were reported by all the users, instead of directly on their accurate coordinates. Experimental results show that our algorithms are more secure than the existent cloaking algorithms, need not have all the users reporting their locations all the time, and can generate smaller ASR.

  8. A Hybrid Smartphone Indoor Positioning Solution for Mobile LBS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidi Kuusniemi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Smartphone positioning is an enabling technology used to create new business in the navigation and mobile location-based services (LBS industries. This paper presents a smartphone indoor positioning engine named HIPE that can be easily integrated with mobile LBS. HIPE is a hybrid solution that fuses measurements of smartphone sensors with wireless signals. The smartphone sensors are used to measure the user’s motion dynamics information (MDI, which represent the spatial correlation of various locations. Two algorithms based on hidden Markov model (HMM problems, the grid-based filter and the Viterbi algorithm, are used in this paper as the central processor for data fusion to resolve the position estimates, and these algorithms are applicable for different applications, e.g., real-time navigation and location tracking, respectively. HIPE is more widely applicable for various motion scenarios than solutions proposed in previous studies because it uses no deterministic motion models, which have been commonly used in previous works. The experimental results showed that HIPE can provide adequate positioning accuracy and robustness for different scenarios of MDI combinations. HIPE is a cost-efficient solution, and it can work flexibly with different smartphone platforms, which may have different types of sensors available for the measurement of MDI data. The reliability of the positioning solution was found to increase with increasing precision of the MDI data.

  9. Mobile Tracking Application for Locating Friends using LBS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.K.Nadesh,

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Now-a-days Location based services are becoming more important to mobile users. LBS are the mobile service which uses the user location information which consists of X and Y coordinates generated by GPS which is a mostly used positioning technique. This paper presents a mobile location tracking application in a cellular mobile networkbased on Location based service that describes tracking system called mobile tracker using GPS as a location provider through the geographic positions of a mobile network. This implements a client server system that helps the users to locate their friends and receive alerts whenever they are nearby. It enables the user, basing on the radius around the mobile device defined by the administrator. MYSQL database is used to update the location information and track the location. Further enhancement can be done by increasing the radius capacity to communicate more deliberately.

  10. LBS Mobile Learning System Based on Android Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Ya-Li

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In the era of mobile internet, PC-end internet services can no long satisfy people’s demands, needs for App and services on mobile phones are more urgent than ever. With increasing social competition, the concept of lifelong learning becomes more and more popular and accepted, making full use of spare time to learn at any time and any place meets updating knowledge desires of modern people, Location Based System (LBS mobile learning system based on Android platform was created under such background. In this Paper, characteristics of mobile location technology and intelligent terminal were introduced and analyzed, mobile learning system which will fulfill personalized needs of mobile learners was designed and developed on basis of location information, mobile learning can be greatly promoted and new research ideas can be expanded for mobile learning.

  11. Wireless Campus LBS - Building campus-wide Location Based Services bases on WiFi technology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Köbben, Barend; Bunningen, van Arthur H.; Muthukrishnan, Kavitha; Stefanakis, Emmanuel

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes a project that has just started at the University of Twente (UT) in cooperation with the International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC) to provide Location Based Services (LBS) for the UT campus. This LBS will run on the existing Wireless Campus

  12. Study on LBS for Characterization and Analysis of Big Data Benchmarks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aftab Ahmed Chandio

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In the past few years, most organizations are gradually diverting their applications and services to Cloud. This is because Cloud paradigm enables (a on-demand accessed and (b large data processing for their applications and users on Internet anywhere in the world. The rapid growth of urbanization in developed and developing countries leads a new emerging concept called Urban Computing, one of the application domains that is rapidly deployed to the Cloud. More precisely, in the concept of Urban Computing, sensors, vehicles, devices, buildings, and roads are used as a component to probe city dynamics. Their data representation is widely available including GPS traces of vehicles. However, their applications are more towards data processing and storage hungry, which is due to their data increment in large volume starts from few dozen of TB (Tera Bytes to thousands of PT (Peta Bytes (i.e. Big Data. To increase the development and the assessment of the applications such as LBS (Location Based Services, a benchmark of Big Data is urgently needed. This research is a novel research on LBS to characterize and analyze the Big Data benchmarks. We focused on map-matching, which is being used as pre-processing step in many LBS applications. In this preliminary work, this paper also describes current status of Big Data benchmarks and our future direction

  13. Ubiquitous User Localization in LBS - The Need for Implementing Ethical Thinking in Our Research Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Retscher, Guenther; Obex, Franz

    2015-12-01

    Location-based Services (LBS) influence nowadays every individual's life due to the emerging market penetration of smartphones and other mobile devices. For smartphone Apps localization technologies are developed ranging from GNSS beyond to other alternative ubiquitous positioning methods as well as the use of the in-built inertial sensors, such as accelerometers, gyroscopes, magnetometer, barometer, etc. Moreover, signals-of-opportunity which are not intended for positioning at the first sight but are receivable in many environments such as in buildings and public spaces are more and more utilized for positioning and navigation. The use of Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) is a typical example. These technologies, however, have become very powerful tools as the enable to track an individual or even a group of users. Most technical researchers imply that it is mainly about further enhancing technologies and algorithms including the development of new advanced Apps to improve personal navigation and to deliver location oriented information just in time to a single LBS user or group of users. The authors claim that there is a need that ethical and political issues have to be addressed within our research community from the very beginning. Although there is a lot of research going on in developing algorithms to keep ones data and LBS search request in private, researchers can no longer keep their credibility without cooperating with ethical experts or an ethical committee. In a study called InKoPoMoVer (Cooperative Positioning for Real-time User Assistance and Guidance at Multi-modal Public Transit Junctions) a cooperation with social scientists was initiated for the first time at the Vienna University of Technology, Austria, in this context. The major aims of this study in relation to ethical questions are addressed in this paper.

  14. A MOBILE ARCHITECTURE FOR INTEGRATION OF SMARTPHONES WITH LBS FOR FLORA AND FAUNA INVENTORIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DIEGO A. CASAS-AVELLANEDA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Los teléfonos inteligentes cuentan actualmente con una gran cantidad de sensores y mayor capacidad de procesamiento, lo cual permite una mayor integración en una arquitectura móvil apoyada por un Sistema Basado en Localización externo. En el siguiente artículo se contextualizará la arquitectura en un inventario de fauna y fl ora con un fuerte componente móvil en la recolección de información en terreno. Se integrarán tecnologías adicionales como GPS, códigos QR y despliegue de mapas a través del LBS.

  15. An Intelligent Information Acquisition System for Heat Exchange Station Based on LBS%基于 LBS 的换热站智能巡检系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁涛; 徐冠楠; 杨伟达; 邹继行

    2016-01-01

    针对目前人工巡检换热站数据更新不及时、智能化程度不高、设备信息获取困难等问题,在充分考虑供热管网系统对空间地理信息数据需求的同时,为摆脱控制中心对办公地点的限制,开发了一种以Android智能手机为平台,基于LBS的换热站智能巡检系统。系统结合GPS技术与RFID技术对传统热网巡检监控平台加以改进,融入非接触式RFID智能卡密钥验证技术对移动终端数据进行加密保护。论述了系统的体系结构与功能设计,经实践验证:换热站智能巡检系统安全可靠,对提高巡检人员工作效率、保障热网稳定运行有重要作用。%For the problems in current manual inspection mode of heat transfer station:data updates is not timely , intelligence is not high , device information acquisition difficulties and so on;taking full account of the heating pipe network’ s spatial Information data needs , while the control center to get rid of restrictions on office space ,developing an intelligent inspection system for heat exchange station based on LBS and smart phone with Android platform ;system combines GPS technology and RFID technology to improve traditional heating network inspection monitoring platform , assimilate into the non-contact RFID smart card key authentication technology for mobile terminals encrypt data protection . It discusses the system architecture and functional design , heat exchange station intelligent inspection system is safe and reliable, proven to improve the efficiency of inspection personnel , which plays an important role to ensure the stable operation of heating network .

  16. Lbs Augmented Reality Assistive System for Utilities Infrastructure Management Through Galileo and Egnos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stylianidis, E.; Valaria, E.; Smagas, K.; Pagani, A.; Henriques, J.; Garca, A.; Jimeno, E.; Carrillo, I.; Patias, P.; Georgiadis, C.; Kounoudes, A.; Michail, K.

    2016-06-01

    There is a continuous and increasing demand for solutions, both software and hardware-based, that are able to productively handle underground utilities geospatial data. Innovative approaches that are based on the use of the European GNSS, Galileo and EGNOS, sensor technologies and LBS, are able to monitor, document and manage utility infrastructures' data with an intuitive 3D augmented visualisation and navigation/positioning technology. A software and hardware-based system called LARA, currently under develop- ment through a H2020 co-funded project, aims at meeting that demand. The concept of LARA is to integrate the different innovative components of existing technologies in order to design and develop an integrated navigation/positioning and information system which coordinates GNSS, AR, 3D GIS and geodatabases on a mobile platform for monitoring, documenting and managing utility infrastruc- tures on-site. The LARA system will guide utility field workers to locate the working area by helping them see beneath the ground, rendering the complexity of the 3D models of the underground grid such as water, gas and electricity. The capacity and benefits of LARA are scheduled to be tested in two case studies located in Greece and the United Kingdom with various underground utilities. The paper aspires to present the first results from this initiative. The project leading to this application has received funding from the European GNSS Agency under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 641460.

  17. INDOOR LOCALIZATION USING WI-FI BASED FINGERPRINTING AND TRILATERATION TECHIQUES FOR LBS APPLICATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Chan

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The past few years have seen wide spread adoption of outdoor positioning services, mainly GPS, being incorporated into everyday devices such as smartphones and tablets. While outdoor positioning has been well received by the public, its indoor counterpart has been mostly limited to private use due to its higher costs and complexity for setting up the proper environment. The objective of this research is to provide an affordable mean for indoor localization using wireless local area network (WLAN Wi-Fi technology. We combined two different Wi-Fi approaches to locate a user. The first method involves the use of matching the pre-recorded received signal strength (RSS from nearby access points (AP, to the data transmitted from the user on the fly. This is commonly known as "fingerprint matching". The second approach is a distance-based trilateration approach using three known AP coordinates detected on the user's device to derive the position. The combination of the two steps enhances the accuracy of the user position in an indoor environment allowing location-based services (LBS such as mobile augmented reality (MAR to be deployed more effectively in the indoor environment. The mapping of the RSS map can also prove useful to IT planning personnel for covering locations with no Wi-Fi coverage (ie. dead spots. The experiments presented in this research helps provide a foundation for the integration of indoor with outdoor positioning to create a seamless transition experience for users.

  18. Feasibility study of a vertical slit for the LBS line of the Linac4

    CERN Document Server

    Ouzia, Alexandre; Maglioni, Cesare; Leitao, Ivo

    The feasibility study of a vertical Slit was performed. This Slit is needed for the diagnostic Line for Beam energy Spread of the Linac 4 (LBS line). The Linac 4 will replace the Linac 2 and enable the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) to reach an energy of 14 TeV (highest energy ever reached). When the beam impact on it, the Slit heats up and deforms. The deformation of the slit is the key problem. The present feasibility study aims at assessing whether or not it is feasible to keep this deformation below 50_m, according to the specifications [14]. The determination of all the issues related with the Slit was driven. The priority was given to the thermo-mechanical issues. The methodology chosen to approach the problem led to three steps: -\tFirst, the determination of possible designs for the Slit. One design was identified. -\tSecond, the determination of the best materials. Two figures of merit and a model were specifically conceived for it. Graphite R4550 was identified as the best material. -\tThird, the Monte-Ca...

  19. Cloud Based Application Development for Accessing Restaurant Information on Mobile Device using LBS

    CERN Document Server

    Shetty, Keerthi S; 10.5121/iju.2011.2404

    2011-01-01

    Over the past couple of years, the extent of the services provided on the mobile devices has increased rapidly. A special class of service among them is the Location Based Service(LBS) which depends on the geographical position of the user to provide services to the end users. However, a mobile device is still resource constrained, and some applications usually demand more resources than a mobile device can a ord. To alleviate this, a mobile device should get resources from an external source. One of such sources is cloud computing platforms. We can predict that the mobile area will take on a boom with the advent of this new concept. The aim of this paper is to exchange messages between user and location service provider in mobile device accessing the cloud by minimizing cost, data storage and processing power. Our main goal is to provide dynamic location-based service and increase the information retrieve accuracy especially on the limited mobile screen by accessing cloud application. In this paper we presen...

  20. Indoor Map Aided Wi-Fi Integrated Lbs on Smartphone Platforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, C.; El-Sheimy, N.

    2017-09-01

    In this research, an indoor map aided INS/Wi-Fi integrated location based services (LBS) applications is proposed and implemented on smartphone platforms. Indoor map information together with measurements from an inertial measurement unit (IMU) and Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) value from Wi-Fi are collected to obtain an accurate, continuous, and low-cost position solution. The main challenge of this research is to make effective use of various measurements that complement each other without increasing the computational burden of the system. The integrated system in this paper includes three modules: INS, Wi-Fi (if signal available) and indoor maps. A cascade structure Particle/Kalman filter framework is applied to combine the different modules. Firstly, INS position and Wi-Fi fingerprint position integrated through Kalman filter for estimating positioning information. Then, indoor map information is applied to correct the error of INS/Wi-Fi estimated position through particle filter. Indoor tests show that the proposed method can effectively reduce the accumulation positioning errors of stand-alone INS systems, and provide stable, continuous and reliable indoor location service.

  1. Aplikasi Pencarian Rute Perguruan Tinggi Berbasis Android Menggunakan Location Based Service (LBS di Kota Semarang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satriaji Cahyo Nugroho

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The University is an institution that has a role and strategic position in the achievement of educational goals. Semarang, as the center of Central Java has many universities, both public and private. The obstacles are that many students like high school kids who want to go to university do not know the location and any information contained on the university they want. Therefore, along with the development of mobile devices, which is based on Android Smartphone then made an application that can be easily used in the search of location and information about the university. The applications created is an android based applications using the Waterfall method which has five stages in sequence. Those are Needs Analysis, System Design, Coding, Testing, and Maintenance. Testing applications using the Black-box test and tested on the users. The Results of this application design is an application that is called "University Route Searching Application Using Location Based Service (LBS in Semarang. This application can meet the needs of users in determining the route toward college that will be addressed.

  2. Google Map Technology-based Mobile LBS Applications%基于Google Map技术的移动LBS应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许艳博; 付学浩

    2012-01-01

    利用Google Map在Android移动设备上的SDK进行LBS应用系统的设计,通过对网络模块、地图模块等核心模块的构建和外接服务的嵌入,实现对当前移动互联网中移动LBS热点应用的设计原型的探讨。%Using the Google Map SDK in Android to design the LBS application for Android mobile devices,according to the network module、map module and other core modules constructing and external services embedding,it realized the prototype mobile LBS hot applications in the mobile Internet.

  3. 基于LBS的旅游位置服务思考%Study onLBS -Based Smarter Tourism Service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈兴; 史先琳

    2013-01-01

      作为地理信息服务产业发展重点的LBS(基于位置的服务),在旅游信息化建设中有着举足轻重的作用,是智慧旅游的核心要素。着重探讨LBS在智慧旅游中的旅游路线优化、实时位置跟踪、行程智能引导、应急智能保障、分享旅游体验等五大应用体现,并从空间定位基准体系、地理空间信息数据库、移动通信网络、旅游位置服务GIS平台以及相关的机制体制保障等五个方面阐述了智慧旅游服务的实现。%As the focus of the development of geographic information services industry ,LBS (Location-Based Service) has a pivotal role in the construction of tourism informatization .It is the core element in smarter tourism .This paper focuses on five applied embodi-ments based on LBS in smarter tourism ,which are tour route optimization ,real-time location tracking ,travel smart guide ,emergency smart support ,sharing tourist experiences .Furthermore ,this paper elaborates the realization of smarter tourism service based on LBS from the five aspects of spatial orientation reference system ,geo -spatial information database ,mobile communication network ,the tourist location services ,GIS platform for tourism location-based service and the related mechanisms and security system .

  4. Study on LBS -based smarter tourism service%基于LBS的旅游位置服务思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈兴; 史先琳

    2013-01-01

    As the focus of the development of geographic information services industry ,LBS (Location-Based Service) has a pivotal role in the construction of tourism informatization .It is the core element in smarter tourism .This paper focuses on five applied embodi-ments based on LBS in smarter tourism ,which are tour route optimization ,real-time location tracking ,travel smart guide ,emergency smart support ,sharing tourist experiences .Furthermore ,this paper elaborates the realization of smarter tourism service based on LBS from the five aspects of spatial orientation reference system ,geo -spatial information database ,mobile communication network ,the tourist location services ,GIS platform for tourism location-based service and the related mechanisms and security system .%  作为地理信息服务产业发展重点的LBS(基于位置的服务),在旅游信息化建设中有着举足轻重的作用,是智慧旅游的核心要素。着重探讨LBS在智慧旅游中的旅游路线优化、实时位置跟踪、行程智能引导、应急智能保障、分享旅游体验等五大应用体现,并从空间定位基准体系、地理空间信息数据库、移动通信网络、旅游位置服务GIS平台以及相关的机制体制保障等五个方面阐述了智慧旅游服务的实现。

  5. A PERSONALISED RECOMMENDATION METHOD INTEGRATING LBS AND SOCIAL NETWORK TAG%一种综合 LBS 和社会网络标签的个性化推荐方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈平华; 何婕; 梁琼

    2015-01-01

    针对现有的基于 LBS(Location Based Service)个性化推荐系统在构建用户兴趣模型时存在的缺陷,提出一种综合 LBS 和社会网络标签的个性化推荐(LTCF)方法。通过引入网络标签和用户社会关系,从用户标注的标签资源中找到拥有共同兴趣爱好的用户关系以及从社会网络中找到与目标用户关系紧密的用户,同时结合考虑用户兴趣爱好随空间不断变化的特点,依据协同过滤算法,计算用户社会关系度和用户空间相似性,依此得到目标用户的最近邻集合,在最近邻集基础上给出推荐结果。实验结果表明,相比于传统的基于 LBS 推荐方法,LTCF 模型在查全率和产准率有了显著的提升,能更好地反映出用户偏好,显著提高了推荐准确度。%In light of the shortcomings of existing LBS-based personalised recommendation system in building user interests model,this pa-per proposes a personalised recommendation method which integrates the LBS and social network tag (LTCF).By introducing network tag and users social relations,the method finds from the tag resources marked by users the relationship between users having common interests and hobbies as well as finds from social networks the users having intimate relationship with targeted users.Meanwhile,combining the considera-tion of the feature that users'interests constantly change along with the space and in accordance with collaborative filtering algorithm,the method calculates the social relation degree of users and the similarity of user spaces,then according to these it obtains the nearest neighbour sets of target users,and provides the recommendation results based on the nearest neighbour sets.Experimental results show that compared with traditional LBS-based recommendation method,the LTCF model has noticeable improvement in recall rate and precision product rate and can better reflect users'preferences as well as significantly

  6. Privacy for Semantic Web Mining using Advanced DSA – Spatial LBS Case Study in mining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.Nagaprasad Sri

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The Web Services paradigm promises to enable rich flexible and dynamic interoperation of highly distributed, heterogeneous network enabled services. The idea of Web Services Mining that it makes use of the findings in the field of data mining and applies them to the world of Web Services. The emerging concept of Semantic Web Services aims at more sophisticated Web Services technologies: on basis of Semantic Description Frameworks, Intelligent mechanisms are envisioned for Discovery, Composition, and contracting of Web Services. The aim of semantic web is not only to support to access information on the web but also to support its usage. Geospatial Semantic Web is an augmentation to the Semantic Web that adds geospatial abstractions, as well as related reasoning, representation and query mechanisms. Web Service Security represents a key requirement for today’s distributed interconnected digital world and for the new generations, Web 2.0 and Semantic Web. To date, the problem of security has been investigated very much in the context of standardization efforts; Personal judgments are made usually based on the sensitivity of the information and the reputation of the party to which the information is to be disclosed. On the privacy front, this means that privacy invasion would net more quality and sensitive personal information. In this paper, we had implemented a case study on integrated privacy issues of Spatial Semantic Web Services Mining. Initially we improved privacy of Geospatial Semantic Layer. Finally, we implemented a Location Based System and improved its digital signature capability, using advanced Digital Signature standards.

  7. Privacy for Semantic Web Mining using Advanced DSA – Spatial LBS Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.D.Sravan Kumar,

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The Web Services paradigm promises to enable rich flexible and dynamic interoperation of highly distributed, heterogeneous network enabled services. The idea of Web Services Mining that it makes use of the findings in the field of data mining and applies them to the world of Web Services. The emerging concept of Semantic Web Services aims at more sophisticated Web Services technologies: on basis of Semantic Description Frameworks, Intelligent mechanisms are envisioned for Discovery, Composition, and contracting of Web Services. The aim of semantic web is not only to support to access information on the web but also to support its usage. Geospatial Semantic Web is an augmentation to the Semantic Web that adds geospatial abstractions, as well as related reasoning, representation and query mechanisms. Web Service Security represents a key requirement for today’s distributed interconnected digital world and for the new generations, Web 2.0 and Semantic Web. To date, the problem of security has been investigated very much in the context of standardization efforts; Personal judgments are made usually based on the sensitivity of the information and the reputation of the party towhich the information is to be disclosed. On the privacy front,this means that privacy invasion would net more quality and sensitive personal information. In this paper, we had implemented a case study on integrated privacy issues of Spatial Semantic Web Services Mining. Initially we improved privacy of Geospatial Semantic Layer. Finally, we implemented a Location Based System and improved its digital signature capability, using advanced Digital Signature standards.

  8. Foreword for the special issue of selected papers from the 1st ACM SIGSPATIAL Workshop on Security and Privacy in GIS and LBS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Bertino

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The first Workshop on Security and Privacy in GIS and LBS (SPRINGL 2008 was organized on November 4, 2008 at Irvine (CA in conjunction with the SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems (ACM GIS 2008. The goal of the SPRINGL workshop series is to provide a forum for researchers working in the area of geospatial data security and privacy. Both security and privacy are critical for geospatial applications because of the dramatic increase and dissemination of geospatial data in several application contexts including homeland security, environmental crises, and natural and industrial disasters. Furthermore, geospatial infrastructures are being leveraged by companies to provide a large variety of location-based services (LBS able to tailor services to users. However, despite the increase of publicly accessible geospatial information only little attention is being paid to how to secure geospatial information systems (GIS and LBS. Privacy is also of increasing concern given the sensitivity of personally-identifiable location information. This is despite major advancements that have been made in secure computing infrastructures and the secure and privacy-preserving management of traditional (relational data in particular. The discussion at the workshop spanned across security and privacy aspects, as they relate to the management of geospatial data and to the development of emerging LBS. The present special issue of Transactions on Data Privacy contains four extended papers, focusing on privacy, that have been selected from the papers presented at SPRINGL 2008.

  9. Analisis de los Servicios y Aplicaciones LBS. Desarrollo de una plataforma de apoyo para la gestión de procesos y localización de personas

    OpenAIRE

    IRIMIA CERVERA, JAVIER

    2015-01-01

    Irimia Cervera, J. (2015). Analisis de los Servicios y Aplicaciones LBS. Desarrollo de una plataforma de apoyo para la gestión de procesos y localización de personas [Tesis doctoral no publicada]. Universitat Politècnica de València. doi:10.4995/Thesis/10251/48879. TESIS

  10. Tracking data management using topology of moving object database system for moving object constrained trajectory in LBS application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LEE Hyun-jin; SIM Tai-jung; JANG Yong-ll; PARK Soon-young; BAE Hae-young

    2004-01-01

    Advances in wireless technologies and positioning technologies and spread of wireless devices, an interest in LBS (Location Based Service) is arising. To provide location based service, tracking data should have been stored in moving object database management system (called MODBMS) with proper policies and managed efficiently. So the methods which acquire the location information at regular time intervals then, store and manage have been studied. In this paper, we suggest tracking data management techniques using topology that is corresponding to the moving path of moving object. In our techniques, we update the MODBMS when moving object arrived at a street intersection or a curved road which is represented as the node in topology and predict the location at past and future with attribute of topology and linear function. In this technique, location data that are corresponding to the node in topology are stored, thus reduce the number of update and amount of data. Also in case predicting the location,because topology are used as well as existing location information, accuracy for prediction is increased than applying linear function or spline function.

  11. Sistem Informasi Geografis Asrama Mahasiswa Aceh Berbasis LBS (Location Based Service “Saweue Syedara” Berbasis Android

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alwie Augusra T. A

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Student Dormitory is a desirable place to live for all overseas Aceh students that far from home, Student Dormitory be exclusive if the existence of a dormitory is located very far from the government and from the student's hometown, so the presence of dormitory is felt not exist and far from elegant impression , there are many Aceh students dormitory are not recorded by the Regional Government , that recorded only dormitory under the auspices of the government, when in fact the most dormitory are located under other institutions. Along with the development of, make it even easier people's lives in their daily live. During its development, mobile technology can determine the position of users, find the location you want to target, and provide a route to that location. The use of mobile devices for the Aceh Government, Society, and students in particular is to facilitate them in the course of a visit to Student Dormitory. The geographic information system created using the Java programming language with SDK (Software Development Kit Android and using MySQL and SQLite databases, the system is a client-server. The process of making and development of Geographic Information System using SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle using prototyping life cycle. By using the life cycle of prototyping, the design can be quickly created and tested by users. Users can participate in helping the development of a system to provide feedback on the prototype that has been tried before, so that the system be made better. The result of this application design is the realization of a mobile application that can allow users to find information and search for Aceh Student Dormitory in Java Island, Indonesia. The Geographic Information System uses technology of LBS (Location Based Service, this allows users to find the location of dormitory that wish to visit. This system will be developed on mobile devices using the Android operating system.

  12. Location Anonymity Method for Continuous LBS Requests%一种连续LBS请求下的位置匿名方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨磊; 魏磊; 叶剑; 史红周

    2011-01-01

    为避免不同时刻来自同一用户的连续位置服务(LBS)请求之间的相关攻击,提出一种改进的k-匿名模型,设计一种连续LBS请求下的位置匿名方法.在满足用户隐私要求的前提下,利用位置采样寻找最优的匿名集,使用户平均匿名区域最小.分析结果表明,该方法能合理利用系统计算资源,提高在多用户请求下系统的响应速度.%Location cloaking in terms of continuous Location-Based Services(LBS) request need to consider how to avoid the attack by correlating anonymity areas of different requests from the same user. In term of this privacy problem, this paper proposes an improved k-anonymity model on basis of the traditional k-anonymity model, and designs a state-of-art location anonymity framework and algorithms for continuous LBS requests.This framework guarantees the best Quality of Service(QoS) and good response time of system as well as meeting the privacy requirement. Analysis results show that the method can make better use of the system resources and thus decrease the response time of user's requests.

  13. Improvement of the electrochemical performance of LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} cathode active material by lithium borosilicate (LBS) surface coating for lithium-ion batteries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sahan, Halil, E-mail: halil@erciyes.edu.tr [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Erciyes University, Talas St., 38039 Kayseri (Turkey); Goektepe, Hueseyin; Patat, Saban; Ulgen, Ahmet [Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Erciyes University, Talas St., 38039 Kayseri (Turkey)

    2011-03-17

    Research highlights: > The LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} cathode was successfully coated with LBS using tetraethylorthosilicate, boric acid and lithium nitrate as the precursor. > To improve the electrochemical performance of LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} cathode material, the LBS coating is an effective way. > Coating the spinel LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} with LBS glass layer resulted in a tremendous improvement in retention of capacity at room and elevated temperature. > The capacity retention of the LBS-coated LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} over 70 cycles was 93.3% and 71.6%, while pristine showed 74.6% and 53% capacity retention of the initial discharge capacity at room and elevated temperature, respectively. - Abstract: The LBS coating on the surface of spinel LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} powder was carried out using the solid-state method, followed by heating at 425 {sup o}C for 5 h in air. The powder X-ray diffraction pattern of the LBS-coated spinel LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} showed that the LBS coating medium was not incorporated in the spinel bulk structure. The SEM result showed that the LBS coating particles were homogeneously distributed on the surface of the LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4} powder particles. The effect of the lithium borosilicate (LBS) coating on the charge-discharge cycling performance of spinel powder (LiMn{sub 2}O{sub 4}) was studied in the range of 3.5-4.5 V at 1C. The electrochemical results showed that LBS-coated spinel exhibited a more stable cycle performance than bare spinel. The capacity retention of LBS-coated spinel was more than 93.3% after 70 cycles at room temperature, which was maintained at 71.6% after 70 cycles at 55 {sup o}C. The improvement of electrochemical performance may be attributed to suppression of Mn{sup 2+} dissolution into the electrolyte via the LBS glass layer.

  14. 基于Beacon的图书馆LBS应用研究%Research on application of LBS in library based on Beacon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙婷婷; 颜凯; 董茜

    2016-01-01

    通过对Beacon的技术原理与应用现状进行分析研究,提出了5种基于Beacon的图书馆基于位置的服务(LBS )应用方案,包括消息推送、馆内导览、读者行为分析、情景式信息素养培训和馆内导航。结合应用方案,设计了基于Beacon的图书馆LBS应用的系统功能、系统架构和硬件部署方案。并指出在实际建设中Bea‐con存在的局限性。通过建设基于Beacon的图书馆LBS应用可以为读者提供情景驱动式的智能化服务,提高图书馆服务质量。%With the research of the Beacon′s technical principles and application status ,five solutions of location based service (LBS) in library based on Beacon were proposed in this paper ,including push notifications ,tour guide ,reader behavior analysis ,situational information literacy training and the navigation of library .On the foundation of solution design ,system functions ,system architecture and hardware deployment scheme of library LBS based on Beacon were designed in detail .Furthermore , some limitations of Beacon in the actual construction were pointed out .Based on Beacon ,library could provide the intellectualized service driven by scene to improve the quality of Library services .

  15. Client design of an android campus services APP based on LBS%基于LBS的Android校园服务APP客户端的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于思江

    2015-01-01

    近年来我国移动通信网络技术已经十分成熟,各种移动智能终端取得了飞速发展,手机硬件性能也得到了很大提高。基于位置的服务(location based services ,LBS)作为获取信息的一种新途径已经渗透到生活中的各个领域,在获取的信息中增加了位置维度,这给人们的出行、购物、社交等方面带来了极大的便利。虽然LBS手机软件得到了成熟的发展,但是在当前这些应用中普遍存在一个问题。对于小范围内的场所如居民小区、旅游场所、公园等还未提供成熟的位置服务。以校园为例,根据校园内群体的生活规律在Android手机操作系统平台上设计并开发了一款个性化的校园LBS应用软件客户端,为校园内的群体提供LBS相关的服务。%In recent years ,mobile communication network technology in China has been very mature ,a variety of mobile intelligent terminal has achieved rapid development ,the performance of mobile phone hardware also has been greatly im‐proved .As a new way of getting information ,location based services increase the location dimension in the acquired in‐formation ,which bring people great conveniences in travel ,shopping and social networking .Although the LBS mobile phone software is mature development ,a common problem still exists in these current applications ,there is no mature location service provided to the small range of places such as residential areas ,tourist sites ,parks and other .So this pa‐per takes the campus for example ,a personalized campus LBS application softw are is designed and developed based on Android system according to the law of campus groups life ,to provide LBS services for the campus community .

  16. LBS privacy protective method based on collaborative proxy incremental query%协作代理增量查询的LBS隐私保护方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛典辉; 蔡强; 李海生; 黄今慧

    2013-01-01

    In order to solve the problem of the current privacy protective method restricted by the location-based service (LBS) system architecture, a LBS privacy protective method based on collaborative proxy incremental query was proposed. Mobile users were self-organized as a P2P network according to Chord protocol, which utilized the mechanism of cluster node state maintenance as well as loading balance to ensure the stability of P2P network. User who consumed services blured his real position point and selected a proxy user who held higher degree of collaborative willingness, which achieved incremental nearest neighbor queries with service provider. It was analyzed that the method had a higher level of privacy protection in theory, and meanwhile, experiment was done for the P2P network performance and the algorithm efficiency. The results show that the method has higher level of computational efficiency without sacrificing service quality, realizing the balance between the degree of privacy protection and service quality.%针对基于位置服务(LBS)应用中现有隐私保护方法受系统体系结构局限,提出了一种协作代理增量查询的LBS隐私保护方法:移动用户通过Chord协议自组织为P2P网络,同时采用簇节点状态维护机制,以及负载均衡机制来保证系统稳定,用户消费服务时,通过模糊自身真实位置,并在网络内选择协作意愿度高的代理用户,由其完成代理增量近邻查询.从理论上对P2P网络性能及算法效率进行了实验,结果表明:该方法在不牺牲服务质量的同时具有较高的计算效率,实现了隐私保护度与服务质量的平衡.

  17. Research and Implementation of A 3G-Based LBS System Architecture%一种3G网络下的LBS架构研究及实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭盈

    2011-01-01

    随着移动3G网络的普及,新型的增值业务不断涌现市场.LBS (Location Based Service)就是一类,基于移动网络高速的带宽提供人们与位置相关的服务.本文介绍了LBS的概念,提出了一种基于J2EE平台的瘦客户端/服务器的LBS体系架构,分析了业务的工作流程,并给出相关的实现技术.在实践中证明适应LBS的应用需求.

  18. Design of indoor LBS system based on android platform and its implementation%基于Android平台的室内LBS系统设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾聪; 陈益强; 刘军发; 周经野

    2012-01-01

    To help people to enjoy the convenience of LBS in various indoor environment, a LBS platform based on RSSI localiza-tion method on Android platform is designed and realized, which integrated indoor positioning capabilities and the most popular micro-blogging features. Different shopping-assistant systems are designed by calling the platform' s interfaces. The consumers can use it for help when shopping and that will help people enjoy the brought convenience by pervasive computing in the indoor environment And a book-recommendation system, used in the bookstore is designed to demonstrate the feasibility and practicality of the system.%为了使人们在各种各样的室内环境中,也能享受到定位服务带来的便利,基于Android手机平台通过采用RSSI定位的方法,设计和实现了一个LBS系统平台.该平台整合了室内定位的功能以及时下最流行的微博功能,使其他用户可以通过调用平台的接口,基于该平台设计出各种应用于不同环境的购物辅助系统.当消费者购物时可以通过该系统更方便的进行购物,从而使人们在室内环境下也能享受到普适计算带来的便利.通过一个实例验证了该系统的可行性及实用性.

  19. 物联网空间内LBS隐私安全保护模型研究%Privacy-preserving model of LBS in Internet of Things

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路红; 廖龙龙

    2014-01-01

    To solve the problem, the framework, various privacy threats and security needs of LBS in IoT are discussed, and a privacy-preserving model is designed which can protect privacy of real identity, physical location and service con-tent in IoT. The privacy security model is realized by using Onion Routing algorithm and fully homomorphic encryption algorithm. The analysis shows that this model can realize identity anonymity, position protection, service encryption, etc., and can keep safe of LBS privacy in IoT.%为解决物联网空间内LBS服务的隐私安全问题,在分析物联网环境中的LBS服务框架的基础上,针对其面临的各种隐私安全威胁及安全需求,基于匿名通信原理和可计算加密思想设计了一种支持真实身份、实体位置和服务内容等LBS隐私保护的安全模型,提出采用Onion Routing算法和全同态加密算法实现该模型。模型实现算法的分析表明,该模型可实现身份匿名、位置保护、服务加密等,对物联网空间内LBS隐私具有很好的安全保护。

  20. Attacking Algorithms Against Continuous Queries in LBS and Anonymity Measurement%LBS中连续查询攻击算法及匿名性度量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林欣; 李善平; 杨朝晖

    2009-01-01

    k-匿名机制是LBS(location based service)中保证查询隐私性的重要手段.已有文献指出,现有的k-匿名机制不能有效保护连续性查询的隐私性.提出一种连续查询发送模型,该模型融合了查询发送时间的间隔模型和连续性模型,针对此模型下的两种k-匿名算法Clique Cloaking和Non-clique Cloaking,分别提出了一种连续查询攻击算法.在此攻击算法下,匿名集的势不再适合作为查询匿名性的度量,因此提出一种基于熵理论的度量方式AD(anonymity degree).实验结果表明,对连续性很强的查询,攻击算法重识别用户身份的成功率极高;AD比匿名集的势更能反映查询的匿名性.

  1. Design and Development of IM Application with LBS on Android%Android系统中LBS即时通讯应用的设计与开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄震; 黄晓亮

    2014-01-01

    在移动互联网飞速发展的今日,智能手机即时通讯应用程序扮演着相当重要的角色.即时通讯程序所使用的通讯协议,程序设计和关键技术,包括程序的开发原理和组成结构,都是大家想了解的问题.在基于XMPP协议的基础上,结合会话消息数据传输、文件共享、用户资料管理、位置信息共享、基于位置服务(LBS)、Speex音频处理技术、WebRTC视频会话技术等,提出了一种Android系统构建即时通讯应用的方法,展示了一个满足用户基本功能需求和具有自身特色的即时通讯程序,体现出即时通讯应用对于人们生活的重要作用和意义.

  2. The APP Design of Campus Service and Social Conact Based on LBS%基于LBS的校园服务与社交APP设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温栋才; 张东娜

    2016-01-01

    In recent years, The popular of“mass entrepreneurship and innovation”rise around the country, Comprehensively pro-mote the development of O2O localization service model. The information technology of system based on localization service is becoming more and more mature. The service model of online to offline has been applied to various fields. In this thesis, we de-signed a system of digital service and college social network which provides the students and staff with the APP platform. The APP service includes campus academic tool , personalized interactive , marketing platform and so on. Some service modules aim to achieve the connection between online and offline. The application of the system is a good try for Promoting the develop-ment of campus LBS service and campus ecological chain.%近年来,全国兴起“大众创业,万众创新”的热潮,推动了O2O本地化服务模式的发展。基于本地化服务的系统信息技术日益成熟,线上对接线下服务模式应用到各领域。该文设计了一个校园社交与数字化服务为一体的系统,实现了为高校学生群体提供校园教务工具,个性化交友互动,营销平台等综合应用的APP平台,某些服务模块实现了线上与线下的对接。该系统的应用对带动校园LBS服务的发展,促进校园生态链的完善进行了很好的尝试。

  3. 基于移动定位服务的考勤管理系统%Attendance Management System Based on LBS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉洁; 孟祥武

    2011-01-01

    Traditional attendance systems had many drawbacks. This paper proposed an implement method of attendance management based on LBS. This method combined mobile location-based services and geographic information services, checked the position of mobile terminals held by staffs in real-time, used range search algorithm to determine whether the staff working in designated areas, generate the attendance information. This method could carry out automatic or manual attendance in real time or configure time with the staff track. It was a converged network services to achieve low-cost, high flexibility of location-based telecom value-added services. The simulation shows that the method was able to keep the staff on the issue of the validity of attendance.%针对传统考勤系统的缺点,提出了一种基于下一代网络服务的考勤管理实现方法,该方法结合移动定位服务和地理信息服务,对员工的移动终端进行实时定位,使用范围搜索算法确定员工是否在指定工作区内,生成考勤信息.可以实时或定时进行自动或手动考勤,并能记录和回放员工工作轨迹,是一种融合网络服务实现的低成本、高灵活性的基于位置的电信增值服务.仿真结果表明该方法的可行性和有效性.

  4. Empirical Study of Users' Acceptance Model on Mobile LBS%移动LBS用户接受模型的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志杰; 吕廷杰

    2012-01-01

    Mobile Internet with mobility, sociability and location based service has the most developmental potential. Based on the literature review and survey, this paper proposes the extended technology acceptance model (TAM), and empirically tests the model by using data collected from a survey of location based service (LBS) users. The study proves the users' intention of LBS is significantly influenced by the following four factors : per- ceived ease of use, perceived playfulness, network externality and privacy. Finally, the results are discussed with the significance and limitations of the research also presented.%移动互联网中具备移动性、社交性和基于位置的服务(LBS,location based service)最具发展潜力。通过分析文献和研究调研提出扩展后的技术接受模型(TAM),并且对最终模型的假设条件用统计软件进行了验证。实证证明了移动LBS业务的使用意向受感知易用性、感知娱乐性、网络外部性和隐私这四大因素的显著影响。最后对本研究结果进行了讨论,在指出研究意义的同时指出了不足之处。

  5. Design and Research on the Real-Time Roaming System with Homemade Map Based on LBS%基于LBS的自绘地图实时漫游系统的设计与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢尚广; 陈小柱

    2014-01-01

    随着移动计算技术、网络通信技术及LBS技术的快速发展和普及,移动端搭载的LBS应用也越来越受到研究者的关注。然而,市面上原有的移动端LBS应用并不适合低成本环境下为特殊地点提供特殊信息服务的需求。为了解决这种问题,经过基于LBS的自绘地图实时漫游系统的设计与研究,提出三种关于自绘地图与经纬度信息结合提供特殊信息的实现思路,并且以浙江工业大学的校园地图为例制作Android应用进行演示。%With the development popularity of mobile computer technique, network communication techniques and LBS technique,the LBS app installed in mobile device appeals to more researcher. However, the mobile LBS app doesn't match the circumstance demand low cost and special information. For the sake of this problem, puts forward three thoughts about the special information through the combination of homemade map and longitude and latitude information, after the research on the design of the real-time roaming system with homemade map based on LBS, and exemplifies an Android app with the map of Zhejiang University of Technology to display.

  6. Learning Behaviors Scale and Canadian Youths: Factorial Validity Generalization and Comparisons to the U.S. Standardization Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canivez, Gary L.; Beran, Tanya N.

    2011-01-01

    The factor structure of the Learning Behaviors Scale (LBS) was examined with a sample of 393 randomly selected Canadian youths in a large western city. An identical four-factor structure was observed for the Canadian sample as was obtained in the standardization sample of U.S. youths and with another American sample. Principal axis exploratory…

  7. Learning Behaviors Scale and Canadian Youths: Factorial Validity Generalization and Comparisons to the U.S. Standardization Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canivez, Gary L.; Beran, Tanya N.

    2011-01-01

    The factor structure of the Learning Behaviors Scale (LBS) was examined with a sample of 393 randomly selected Canadian youths in a large western city. An identical four-factor structure was observed for the Canadian sample as was obtained in the standardization sample of U.S. youths and with another American sample. Principal axis exploratory…

  8. A mobile LBS location protection algorithm in Ad hoc environment%一种移动Ad hoc环境下的LBS位置保护算法的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻欣; 程耕国

    2013-01-01

    Privacy protection of the traditional location-based services (LBS) needs a third party as an intermediary between LBS provider (referred to as the LSP) and users to exchange information, but this model can be easily subjected to the attack of the attacker.So a spatial cloaking algorithm based on K-anonymity mechanisms KABSCA (k-anonymity based spatial cloaking algorithm) is proposed in the paper, which independently uses mobile devices to establish a distributed network for LSP communication directly and thus avoids security threats from a third party. The extensive simulations show that with the implementation of this algorithm, users can enjoy high-quality information services and a high degree of privacy protection.%传统的基于位置信息的服务(LBS)的隐私保护需要LBS提供者(简称LSP)与用户之间通过第三方作为中介来进行信息交换,但这种模式极易遭到攻击者攻击.为此提出一种基于K-匿名机制的隐形空间算法KABSCA (k-anonymity based spatial cloaking algorithm),通过移动设备独立建立一个分布式网络直接与LSP通讯进而避免了第三方的安全威胁.仿真实验显示:使用这种算法,用户可以享受到高质量的信息服务以及高度的隐私保护.

  9. 面向移动LBS的智能手机室内定位技术探讨%An Approach of Active Indoor Positioning Using Smartphone for Mobile LBS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    娄路

    2012-01-01

    移动互联网的发展给基于位置的服务(LBS)带来了广泛的应用前景,智能手机的普及使用户定位和获取LBS变得更加方便.目前,手机定位技术特别是室内定位,仍不够成熟,已经成为制约LBS业务发展的技术瓶颈.本文在研究定位技术现状和发展趋势的基础上,提出一种新的室内定位方法,依靠智能手机内置传感器进行图像特征识别和运动状态检测,即可完成室内环境的准确定位,具有成本低、简单方便、灵活易扩展的优点,能够满足移动LBS业务模式发展需求.%Along with the technical progress of the wireless mobile internet, location-based services (LBS) have been developing more rapidly, and the popularity of the smartphone also bring more convenient to access to LBS services for mobile customers. But the mobile position solutions, especially indoor positioning, are still difficult and have become the technical bottleneck. To address the problem of indoor positioning, this paper presents an approach of active indoor positioning that use image feature recognition and motion detection to complete the accurate positioning of the indoor environment based on smartphones built-in sensors only, with the technology advantages of low cost, practicable and flexible frame.

  10. An Adaptive Context-aware LBS Privacy Protection Method Based on Users Collaboration%用户协作模式下自适应情境的LBS隐私保护方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛典辉; 蔡强; 李海生; 曹健

    2013-01-01

    Most current privacy-preserving located-based service (LBS) techniques have proved to be quivering in the balance with the levels of privacy protection and communication overhead.In order to address these challenges,an adaptive collaborative privacy-preserving technique was introduced in which mobile user firstly achieves his location context based on the downloaded rough topology maps from LBS provider's server while user consume services,then regionalizes his original position and selects a collaborative proxy user for adaptive context-aware incremental nearest-neighbor querying.Meanwhile,in order to improve the QoS (quality-of-service) of system,the query-anchor was determined by communication cost-estimation method and POIs(points of interest) were filtered by on proxy user,which eliminate communication overhead of whole service process.Theoretical analysis and experimental results validated the technique' s effectiveness on LBS accuracy(.) privacy protection and communication QoS compared with SpaceTwist.%针对当前LBS(located-based service)应用中位置隐私保护方法难以实现隐私保护度与服务质量平衡的问题,提出了一种基于用户协作的自适应情境的位置隐私保护方法:移动用户消费LBS服务时,需从服务提供商处实时下载“粗糙化”的路网数据,并以此为基础,通过情境感知自主模糊个人真实位置,然后选择具有互助意愿的代理用户进行自适应情境的增量近邻查询.为了提高系统的服务质量,引入通讯成本估算方法确定查询点位置,并采用Voronoi图技术过滤代理用户的查询结果,从而减少系统通讯开销.不仅从理论上分析了该方法的隐私保护度与自适应性,而且对方法性能进行了实验与比较,实验结果表明:该方法较SpaceTwist算法具有更高的性能优势,实现了隐私保护度与服务质量的平衡.

  11. LBS Based Galileo/GPS Dual Mode Receiver Technology Status and Key Technologies%基于LBS的Galileo/GPS双模导航接收机技术现状与关键技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海涛; 史清

    2006-01-01

    基于位置的信息服务(LBS)移动设备的研发和应用已经日益升温,但现有解决方案还不能完全满足性能需求,还需继续改进与完善.针对Galileo与GPS双模导航接收机的研究现状,分析了Galileo系统的优势,提出了双模接收机设计的关键技术.

  12. 基于位置云技术的智能拼车匹配系统设计%The design of an intelligent carpool-matching system based on LBS-Cloud service

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凯; 陆钧; 孙跃

    2013-01-01

    为了让人们便捷地找到合适的拼车伙伴,运用位置云平台的云存储与检索服务,结合Web服务器和数据库技术,设计并实现了智能拼车匹配系统,并开发了基于嵌入式平台的客户端装置.介绍了系统的架构,论述了位置云端存储与检索的实现方法,说明了客户端的硬件结构和主要功能模块的软件设计.测试表明,系统运行稳定,能够实现用户注册、登录管理、地图定位、拼车需求发布、智能匹配等功能,能够及时响应请求并匹配出合适的结果,具有一定的应用前景.%In order to make carpool travels more conveniently,an intelligent carpool-matching system was designed and developed based on the LBS-Cloud platform and combined with Web server and database technology.The client device was developed based on embedded platform.The architecture of this system and the implementation method of LBS-Cloud storage and retrieval were introduced.The test showed that the whole system worked well.The functions such as registration,login,auto locate,intelligent matching and so on,could be all realized successfully.The intelligent carpool system has limitless applications.

  13. Construction of Rural Logistics Distribution Information Platform Based on LBS and O2O Mode%基于LBS和O2O模式的农村物流配送信息平台建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋贵玉

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we introduced the development trend of the rural e-businesses in China, pointed out the major problems existing therein and argued that the last-mile problem was the bottleneck to its development. Next, we proposed to establish the rural logistics distribution information platform based on the LBS and O2O mode, introduced the operational process and marketing strategy of the platform, and at the end, introduced the positive changes to come from the establishment of the platform.%介绍了我国农村电商的发展趋势,并提出了其中存在的主要问题,指出“最后一公里”问题是制约农村电商发展的瓶颈所在。提出基于LBS和O2O模式建立农村物流配送信息平台,介绍了信息平台的运作流程和市场推广策略,并指出该信息平台的建立将对农民、电商企业和物流企业产生积极影响,推动农村电商快速发展。

  14. 基于位置定位的健康医疗移动应用与技术探讨%Study for Healthcare Mobile-Application and Technology Based on LBS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄虹

    2015-01-01

    健康医疗是当前群众最关注的话题之一。本文首先对互联网上的健康医疗相关应用的发展历程和变化趋势做了简单的分析和评价。然后,从社区居民、患者等角度出发,按照互联网+应用思维,初步讨论了构建基于位置定位的应用理念、扩展智慧社区应用模式的健康医疗移动应用平台的可行性、可操作性。接着比较详细的勾画了该应用平台可以实现的各类服务功能,并给出了该应用平台的相关技术架构。%The healthcare is one of the most popular topics. Atfi rst this article makes simple analysis of development process and tendency of application healthcare related. Then it discusses the possibility and operability of constructing the Healthcare Mobile-Application based on LBS Concept and expanding Smart Community mode from the view of community resident and patient. At last it describes all service functions the application platform provides and gives the basic structure of this application platform.

  15. 联合LBS和Snake的3D人体外形和运动跟踪方法%3D Human Body Shape and Motion Tracking by LBS and Snake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈加; 吴晓军

    2012-01-01

    A new framework combining Snake deformable model with LBS (Linear Blend Skinning) is proposed for both 3D human body shape and motion tracking. First, skinned mesh model of object is established. Then surface mesh with highly improved quality is obtained by using our new silhouette-based visual hull reconstruction method for each frame of multi-view videos. After that, articulated ICP registration method is used to capture the 3D human body shape and motion under Skelefal Subspace Deformation. Furthermore, the multi-view silhouettes are applied again for Snake external force computation, and then the vertices of surface mesh are moved to approach the target object under silhouette and internal forces. Synthetic data with ground-truth is used for quantitative comparison, and experimental results show that the tracking accuracy is improved since both 3D and 2D error constraints are used.%为了解决基于多目视频轮廓信息的3D人体外形和运动跟踪问题,提出一种联合线性混合蒙皮和Snake变形模型的算法框架.首先建立人物对象的蒙皮模型,以每一帧多目同步视频的轮廓作为输入,采用一种基于剪影轮廓的可视外壳重建算法,使得作为3D特征的可视外壳保持了局部细节且更加光滑;并使用关节型迭代最近点算法进行匹配以捕获出每一帧骨架子空间下的人物3D外形及运动;再一次使用当前帧的多目轮廓信息,让Snake内外力共同作用于人物网格模型上的顶点,使之自由地趋近于目标对象.使用带ground-truth的合成数据进行对比实验的结果表明,该方法因同时使用3D误差约束和2D误差约束,提高了跟踪精度.

  16. Location Privacy Preserving for Semi-honest Users in LBS%基于位置服务中半可信用户的位置隐私保护方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴雷; 潘晓; 彭志平

    2014-01-01

    随着移动计算和无限设备的蓬勃发展,基于位置服务中的位置隐私保护研究受到了学术界广泛关注。为保护位置隐私,学术界提出了很多匿名算法。但现有这些算法均基于一个假设,即网络中的所有用户均可信。实际上,网络中并不存在任何可信实体,现有基于真实位置生成匿名集的方法应用领域有限。针对此问题,根据用户发出信号强弱判断位置邻近性,提出了一种在k倡NNG上的匿名算法,并通过“协作”的方式在不暴露用户任何隐私的前提下生成匿名区域。在不同系统设置下对算法进行实验,实验结果表明,算法在效率和服务质量上取得了较好的平衡。%Location privacy preservation has recently received considerable attention in LBS .A large num-ber of location cloaking algorithms have been proposed for protecting the location privacy of mobile users .How-ever , most of existing cloaking approaches assume that mobile users are trusted .And exact locations are required to protect location privacy , which are just the information mobile users want to hide .In this paper , we propose a p-anti-conspiring privacy model to anonymize over semi-honest users .Furthermore, a k*NNG-based cloaking algorithm k*NNCA is proposed to protect the location privacy without exact locations .The preliminary experi-mental results show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm .

  17. 基于语义轨迹停留点的位置服务匹配与应用研究%Research on the LBS Matching Based on Stay Point of the Semantic Trajectory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐凌艳; 陈荣国; 温馨

    2014-01-01

    在位置服务领域,用户轨迹在较大程度上体现了用户的日常行为模式,以及个人生活习惯等。利用GPS终端收集用户行为轨迹数据并加以挖掘分析,对于位置服务实现智能化推送有积极作用。用户行为轨迹的停留点分析是轨迹分析的常见手段之一。本研究首先将用户个性化信息,与轨迹点相关的地标名称等语义信息融入常规用户行为轨迹,形成“位置-语义”一体化的用户语义轨迹。然后,过滤原始轨迹错误点,提高数据精度,并在此基础上采用一种新的加权方法计算轨迹停留点坐标。最后,利用停留点坐标结合用户的兴趣、职业等个人信息,在扩充的POI信息库(包含营业时间、优惠信息等)中检索匹配,并智能化匹配出用户停留点周围的POI,主动向用户推送符合个人兴趣或职业需求的POI详情位置服务。%Location Based Service (LBS), with the support of GIS, is a thriving service for users related with co-ordinates received by wireless communication network or GPS. The trajectories composed with a set of received coordinates mainly express the character and habit of user’s behavior. Through analyzing and mining users’tra-jectories, we will improve the efficiency of location based service. In this paper, firstly, the trajectories data in-cluding location coordinates and semantic fields are collected through GPS signal by the self-developed software installed in the terminal. The semantic fields contain the ID of user, current speed, nearby landmark and so on. Then the mistakes incorporated in raw trajectories due to the GPS instability should be filtered to enhance data accuracy. A method has been applied to filter the“jitter”points and to calculate the angle (angle threshold is 15°) and time interval (time threshold is 3s). Different from the conventional method that calculates mean value as the stay point’s coordinate directly, we

  18. 10 CFR 431.136 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... * Water use is for the condenser only and does not include potable water used to make ice. ... cooling Harvest rate(lbs ice/24 hours) Maximum energy use(kWh/100 lbs ice) Maximum condenser water use * (gal/100 lbs ice) Ice Making Head Water Ice Making Head Water ≥500...

  19. The Research of Perceived Values on User's Accept Intention to LBS Advertising:the Moderation Effect of Relationship Type%感知价值对用户LBS广告接受意愿的影响研究——基于关系类型的调节作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭婷婷; 万君; 吴正祥; 张慧

    2015-01-01

    The perceived value is divided into five dimensions, they are perceived cost, conditional value, security value, social value, cognitive value, based on the relationship type, the paper explores the impact mechanism of perceived values on user 's accept intention to LBS advertising by empirical research methods. The results show user 's willingness to accept LBS advertising are significantly affected by those five dimensions of perceived value; and the relationship type have moderating effects on the correlation between perceived values (perceived cost, conditional value, social value, cognitive value) and accept intention. The study provides some suggestions for enterprises in improving user's acceptance of LBS advertising.%将感知价值分为感知成本、情境价值、安全价值、社交价值和认知价值五个维度,基于用户关系类型的不同,运用实证的方法探讨感知价值对用户LBS广告接受意愿的影响机制. 研究结果表明:感知价值五个维度均显著影响用户对LBS广告的接受意愿;关系类型调节了感知成本、情境价值、安全价值、认知价值与用户LBS接受意愿的关系. 研究结果对商家提高用户LBS广告接受意愿提供了一定的借鉴.

  20. ['Gold standard', not 'golden standard'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Claassen, J.A.H.R.

    2005-01-01

    In medical literature, both 'gold standard' and 'golden standard' are employed to describe a reference test used for comparison with a novel method. The term 'gold standard' in its current sense in medical research was coined by Rudd in 1979, in reference to the monetary gold standard. In the same w

  1. ['Gold standard', not 'golden standard'

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Claassen, J.A.H.R.

    2005-01-01

    In medical literature, both 'gold standard' and 'golden standard' are employed to describe a reference test used for comparison with a novel method. The term 'gold standard' in its current sense in medical research was coined by Rudd in 1979, in reference to the monetary gold standard. In the same

  2. Accounting standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stellinga, B.; Mügge, D.

    2014-01-01

    The European and global regulation of accounting standards have witnessed remarkable changes over the past twenty years. In the early 1990s, EU accounting practices were fragmented along national lines and US accounting standards were the de facto global standards. Since 2005, all EU listed companie

  3. Communications standards

    CERN Document Server

    Stokes, A V

    1986-01-01

    Communications Standards deals with the standardization of computer communication networks. This book examines the types of local area networks (LANs) that have been developed and looks at some of the relevant protocols in more detail. The work of Project 802 is briefly discussed, along with a protocol which has developed from one of the LAN standards and is now a de facto standard in one particular area, namely the Manufacturing Automation Protocol (MAP). Factors that affect the usage of networks, such as network management and security, are also considered. This book is divided into three se

  4. Achieving Standardization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henningsson, Stefan

    2014-01-01

    competitive, national customs and regional economic organizations are seeking to establish a standardized solution for digital reporting of customs data. However, standardization has proven hard to achieve in the socio-technical e-Customs solution. In this chapter, the authors identify and describe what has...

  5. Achieving Standardization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henningsson, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    competitive, national customs and regional economic organizations are seeking to establish a standardized solution for digital reporting of customs data. However, standardization has proven hard to achieve in the socio-technical e-Customs solution. In this chapter, the authors identify and describe what has...

  6. (Terminology standardization)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strehlow, R.A.

    1990-10-19

    Terminological requirements in information management was but one of the principal themes of the 2nd Congress on Terminology and Knowledge Engineering. The traveler represented the American Society for Testing and Materials' Committee on Terminology, of which he is the Chair. The traveler's invited workshop emphasized terminology standardization requirements in databases of material properties as well as practical terminology standardizing methods. The congress included six workshops in addition to approximately 82 lectures and papers from terminologists, artificial intelligence practitioners, and subject specialists from 18 countries. There were approximately 292 registrants from 33 countries who participated in the congress. The congress topics were broad. Examples were the increasing use of International Standards Organization (ISO) Standards in legislated systems such as the USSR Automated Data Bank of Standardized Terminology, the enhanced Physics Training Program based on terminology standardization in Physics in the Chinese province of Inner Mongolia, and the technical concept dictionary being developed at the Japan Electronic Dictionary Research Institute, which is considered to be the key to advanced artificial intelligence applications. The more usual roles of terminology work in the areas of machine translation. indexing protocols, knowledge theory, and data transfer in several subject specialties were also addressed, along with numerous special language terminology areas.

  7. "智慧旅游年"背景下的LBS用户感知态度研究——以安徽师范大学学生群体为例%The Perception and Attitude of LBS Users under Background of Smart Travel:A Case Study of Anhui Normal University Students Groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海洲; 张宏梅

    2015-01-01

    Under the background of Smart Travel,and based on the SPSS 17.0 data analysis software, this paper makes a survey of data on Anhui Normal University students groups. First,as for university market of Smart Travel,the popularizing of Smart Travel is not done enough,and users' privacy protection needs promoting. Second,using LBS perception,this study finds five common factors,namely "travel value (TV)","basic service quality (BSQ)","core service quality (CSQ)","social value (SV)" and "trust(T)". Third,using the variance method to test the significance of the common factors,the study finds that groups from different professionals have significant differences on LBS perception. Perception of the group from Arts is higher than that of Science and Engineering on "TV". Perception of the group from Tourism Management is higher than that of GIS,Literature and Management;lower than that of Arts on "BSQ". Perception of the group from Tourism Management is higher than that of Science and Engineering and Arts;lower than that of Literature on "SV". Perception of the group from Literature is higher than that of Science and Engineering on "T". Finally,combined the difference Analysis with TPB,the paper comes up with hypothesis of perception intention model and proves it by correlation analysis,revealing the potential relationship among familiarity,LBS travel value,like degree and intention.%在2014智慧旅游年背景下,基于安徽师范大学学生群体实证研究,采用SPSS 17.0数据分析软件对LBS感知调研数据进行分析处理,研究发现:①通过分析智慧旅游大学生市场发现:智慧旅游的推广力度有待提高,智慧旅游产品对使用者的隐私保护力度有待加强.②LBS感知包括5个公因子,分别是"旅游价值"、"基础服务质量"、"核心服务质量"、"社会价值"和"信任".③专业背景不同的使用者群体对LBS感知存在差异:艺术类专业群体对LBS旅游价值认同度高于

  8. Frequency standards

    CERN Document Server

    Riehle, Fritz

    2006-01-01

    Of all measurement units, frequency is the one that may be determined with the highest degree of accuracy. It equally allows precise measurements of other physical and technical quantities, whenever they can be measured in terms of frequency.This volume covers the central methods and techniques relevant for frequency standards developed in physics, electronics, quantum electronics, and statistics. After a review of the basic principles, the book looks at the realisation of commonly used components. It then continues with the description and characterisation of important frequency standards

  9. Standard deviations

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Gary

    2015-01-01

    Did you know that having a messy room will make you racist? Or that human beings possess the ability to postpone death until after important ceremonial occasions? Or that people live three to five years longer if they have positive initials, like ACE? All of these ‘facts' have been argued with a straight face by researchers and backed up with reams of data and convincing statistics.As Nobel Prize-winning economist Ronald Coase once cynically observed, ‘If you torture data long enough, it will confess.' Lying with statistics is a time-honoured con. In Standard Deviations, ec

  10. Design and analysis of generic LBS application developing platform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIA Ying; GE Jun-wei; BAE Hae-young

    2004-01-01

    Location based services is promising due to its novel working style and contents.A software platform is proposed to provide application programs of typical location based services and support new applications developing efficiently. The analysis shows that this scheme is easy implemented, low cost and adapt to all kinds of mobile nework system.

  11. Analysis and compare of location technologies supporting LBS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Hai-bing; XIA Ying; GE Jun-wei; BAE Hae-young

    2004-01-01

    Location technology is the key part of location based service. Different technologies have different accuracy, modifying to network and cost of operating. Also these technologies have limitation to network. This paper compares existing popular location technologies and gives some suggestions about choosing of location technologies in GSM and CDMA systems.

  12. Journal standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, R

    2003-08-01

    Despite its many imperfections, the peer review process is a firmly established quality control system for scientific literature. It gives readers some assurance that the work and views that are reported meet standards that are acceptable to a journal. Maureen Revington's editorial in a recent issue of the Australian Veterinary Journal (Revington2002) gives a good concise warts and all overview of the process and is well worth reading. I have some concerns about several articles in the December 2002 issue of the New Zealand Veterinary Journal (Volume 50, Number 6), devoted to the health and welfare of farmed deer, that relate to extensive citing of non-peer reviewed papers. I can understand the need for information to flow from researchers to the wider community but that need is already satisfied by publications such as the proceedings of the Deer Branch of the New Zealand Veterinary Association and Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production. Non-peer reviewed papers have been cited in the Journal in the past but never to the extent displayed in this particular issue. It degrades the peer-review process and creates an added burden for reviewers who are forced to grapple with the uncertainties of the science in non-peer reviewed citations. One of my fears is that this process allows science from non peer reviewed articles to be legitimised by its inclusion in a peer reviewed journal and perhaps go on to be accepted as dogma. This is a real danger given the difficulties associated with tracing back to original citations and the increasing volume of scientific literature. It also affords opportunities for agencies to pick up questionable and doubtful science and tout it as support for their products or particular points of view. If deer researchers choose to publish most of their work in proceedings then so be it. However this approach, which seems to becoming increasingly prevalent in the deer sector, is questionable from an established science point

  13. Standards for Standardized Logistic Regression Coefficients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menard, Scott

    2011-01-01

    Standardized coefficients in logistic regression analysis have the same utility as standardized coefficients in linear regression analysis. Although there has been no consensus on the best way to construct standardized logistic regression coefficients, there is now sufficient evidence to suggest a single best approach to the construction of a…

  14. Instant standard concept for data standards development

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Folmer, E.; Kulcsar, I.Z.; Roes, J.

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the current results of an ongoing research about a new data standards development concept. The concept is called Instant Standard referring to the pressure that is generated by shrinking the length of the standardization process. Based on this concept it is estimated that the dev

  15. Standards for Standardized Logistic Regression Coefficients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menard, Scott

    2011-01-01

    Standardized coefficients in logistic regression analysis have the same utility as standardized coefficients in linear regression analysis. Although there has been no consensus on the best way to construct standardized logistic regression coefficients, there is now sufficient evidence to suggest a single best approach to the construction of a…

  16. 40 CFR 467.46 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... off-lbs) of aluminum forged Chromium 0.019 0.008 Cyanide 0.010 0.004 Zinc 0.051 0.021 TTO 0.035 Oil... aluminum forged Chromium 0.035 0.014 Cyanide 0.019 0.008 Zinc 0.096 0.040 TTO 0.065 Oil and grease... off-lbs) of aluminum quenched Chromium 0.76 0.31 Cyanide 0.41 0.16 Zinc 2.08 0.86 TTO 1.41 Oil...

  17. Standards help enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Standardization in modern times began from the Industrial Revolution. Various industrial sectors, for which about 300 standardization technical commissions have been established, make up the key fields of China's standardization.

  18. Standard Reference Tables -

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — The Standard Reference Tables (SRT) provide consistent reference data for the various applications that support Flight Standards Service (AFS) business processes and...

  19. International Standardization of Bed Rest Standard Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cromwell, Ronita L.

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation gives an overview of the standardization of bed rest measures. The International Countermeasures Working Group attempted to define and agree internationally on standard measurements for spaceflight based bed rest studies. The group identified the experts amongst several stakeholder agencys. It included information on exercise, muscle, neurological, psychological, bone and cardiovascular measures.

  20. Standards and standpoints

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Morten

    2016-01-01

    This article argues that critique is a necessary component in any study of standards, just as it is implied in the concept of standard itself. From this follows the relevance of reflexively situating our research in relation to the cultural-historical development of standards and standardization...

  1. Arizona Academic Standards: Kindergarten

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arizona Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This publication contains Arizona public schools' academic standards for kindergarten. The contents of this document include the following: (1) The Arts Standard 2006--Kindergarten; (2) Comprehensive Health Education/Physical Activity Standards 1997--Readiness (Kindergarten); (3) Foreign and Native Language Standards 1997--Readiness…

  2. Creating standards: Creating illusions?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linneberg, Mai Skjøtt

    written standards may open up for the creation of illusions. These are created when written standards' content is not in accordance with the perception standard adopters and standard users have of the specific practice phenomenon's content. This general theoretical argument is exemplified by the specific...

  3. The Dynamics of Standardization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brunsson, Nils; Rasche, Andreas; Seidl, David

    2012-01-01

    This paper suggests that when the phenomenon of standards and standardization is examined from the perspective of organization studies, three aspects stand out: the standardization of organizations, standardization by organizations and standardization as (a form of) organization. Following......, and show that, while standards and standardization are typically associated with stability and sameness, they are essentially a dynamic phenomenon. The paper highlights the contributions of this special issue to the topic of standards as a dynamic phenomenon in organization studies and makes suggestions...... a comprehensive overview of existing research in these three areas, we argue that the dynamic aspects of standardization are under-represented in the scholarly discourse. Furthermore, we identify the main types of tension associated with standardization and the dynamics they generate in each of those three areas...

  4. Water Quality Standards Handbook

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Water Quality Standards Handbook is a compilation of the EPA's water quality standards (WQS) program guidance including recommendations for states, authorized tribes, and territories in reviewing, revising, and implementing WQS.

  5. Radiologic Technology Program Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgia Univ., Athens. Dept. of Vocational Education.

    This publication contains statewide standards for the radiologic technology program in Georgia. The standards are divided into 12 categories; Foundations (philosophy, purpose, goals, program objectives, availability, evaluation); Admissions (admission requirements, provisional admission requirements, recruitment, evaluation and planning); Program…

  6. Agent Standards Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The innovation of the work herein proposed is the development of standards for software autonomous agents. These standards are essential to achieve software...

  7. Catalytic Functions of Standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Blind (Knut)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe three different areas and the examples have illustrated several catalytic functions of standards for innovation. First, the standardisation process reduces the time to market of inventions, research results and innovative technologies. Second, standards themselves promote the diffusi

  8. Standards and standpoints

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Morten

    2016-01-01

    This article argues that critique is a necessary component in any study of standards, just as it is implied in the concept of standard itself. From this follows the relevance of reflexively situating our research in relation to the cultural-historical development of standards and standardization....... The argument takes off from two different conceptualizations of standards in the literature. On the one hand, standards as immanent to practices (the “Neo-Aristotelian” approach), and on the other hand, standards as imposed to regulate practices (the “neo-pragmatist” and “governmentality” approaches......). It is suggested that this opposition can be superseded by articulating the former alternative, not as an essentialism of “practice,” but as the reflexive assumption of standpoint. Some intricacies of the articulation of standpoint are then discussed, concluding in a proposed dialectics of standard and standpoint....

  9. Catalytic Functions of Standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K. Blind (Knut)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThe three different areas and the examples have illustrated several catalytic functions of standards for innovation. First, the standardisation process reduces the time to market of inventions, research results and innovative technologies. Second, standards themselves promote the

  10. Policy,standard,regulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Automobile Standardization Committee secretariat collects comments on the phase III fuel consumption level limit The Committee intends to formulate the standard based on a comprehensive evaluation of the previous two phases.

  11. Collaboration Between Multistakeholder Standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasche, Andreas; Maclean, Camilla

    responsibility is unlikely to support a great variety of partly competing and overlapping standards. Increased collaboration between these standards would enhance both their impact and their adoption by firms. This report examines the nature, benefits, and shortcomings of existing multistakeholder standards...

  12. Questioning the Standard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Dairy quality standards trigger further controversy China’s dairy industry is once again being scrutinized as suspicions abound that major dairy enterprises played a hand in manipulating and lowering quality standards to save costs.The new standards released in March 2010 set the maximum safety limit for bacteria in raw milk at 2 million cells per milliliter, four times

  13. Evidence Standards and Litigation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guerra, Alice; Luppi, Barbara; Parisi, Francesco

    aspect of the legal system: the evidence standard. We recast the conventional rent-seeking model to consider how alternative evidence standards affect litigation choices. We analyze the interrelation between different evidence standards, the effectiveness of the parties’ efforts, and the merits...

  14. Information Security Standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Constantin Tofan

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The use of standards is unanimously accepted and gives the possibility of comparing a personal security system with a given frame of reference adopted at an international level. A good example is the ISO 9000 set of standards regarding the quality management system, which is a common reference regardless of the industry in which a certain company activates. Just like quality control standards for other industrial processes such as manufacturing and customer service, information security standards demonstrate in a methodical and certifiable manner that an organization conforms to industry best practices and procedures. This article offers a review of the world’s most used information security standards.

  15. Business Standardization & Market Economy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Shiyuan

    2007-01-01

    The introduction of the market economy in China requires a renewed understanding of the theory and practice of business standardization. Built on the basic principles of standardization and the market economics, this paper seeks to define the role and status of standardization in the market economy, its aims and priorities. It then describes the deployment of standardization in market competition. Lastly, it explores into the possible transformations of concepts, functions and associated personnel of enterprise standardization in order to keep abreast of the evolving market economy.

  16. Standardization in Beijing Opera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Zhiyang

    2012-01-01

    Beijing Opera is the treasure of Chinese traditional dramatic arts.More than 200 years of artistic practice is the process that makes it mature and standardized.Although it is not described by standardized academic terminologies,all the performances of 'Chang (Singing)','Nian(Speaking)','Zuo (Acting)' and 'Da (Fighting)' have been following standardization requirement which is called "Chengshi (pattem)" in professional language or "Fan'er" in jargou,literally meaning a standard pattern.The pattern is the an technology format which is refined and summarized in accordance with the beautify principles from natural forms of things in life and then standardized to be the commonly adhered.

  17. 117 Standards Admitted in Civil Administration Standardization Plan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The Ministry of Civil Administration has finalized its Standardization Plan 2007. According to this plan, the Ministry will see that 117 standards, including 8 compulsory national standards, 83 recommended national standards, and 26 professional standards, are prepared by June 2008.

  18. Scoring and Standard Setting with Standardized Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norcini, John J.; And Others

    1993-01-01

    The continuous method of scoring a performance test composed of standardized patients was compared with a derivative method that assigned each of the 131 examinees (medical residents) a dichotomous score, and use of Angoff's method with these scoring methods was studied. Both methods produce reasonable means and distributions of scores. (SLD)

  19. International hearing protector standardization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Torben

    2002-01-01

    Hearing protectors shall fulfill some minimum requirements to their performance. As hearing protector manufacturers sell the products all over the world, the testing and certification of hearing protectors has become an international issue. The ISO working group WG17 under the headlines Acoustics......, Noise, produce hearing protector standards to be used at an international level. The presentation will cover the ongoing work in WG17, including the revision of existing standards (ISO 4869-1, ISO 4869-3), upcoming new standards (ISO 4869-7) and the plans and status for future standards (performance...... in impulse noise, protectors with active noise reduction). Furthermore, an overview of the present European standards (CEN) and the relation to American and Australian/New Zealand standards will be discussed....

  20. Governing through standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøgger, Katja

    2014-01-01

    This abstract adresses the ways in which new education standards have become integral to new modes of education governance. The paper explores the role of standards for accelerating the shift from national to transnational governance in higher education. Drawing on the case of higher education...... development in Scandinavia, the paper focuses on the unintended effects of the new international standards. The Bologna process was reframed and recontextualized in ways that undermined the very system it was set out to transform and govern....

  1. Information Security Standards

    OpenAIRE

    Dan Constantin Tofan

    2011-01-01

    The use of standards is unanimously accepted and gives the possibility of comparing a personal security system with a given frame of reference adopted at an international level. A good example is the ISO 9000 set of standards regarding the quality management system, which is a common reference regardless of the industry in which a certain company activates. Just like quality control standards for other industrial processes such as manufacturing and customer service, information security stand...

  2. Standard Model processes

    CERN Document Server

    Mangano, M.L.; Aguilar Saavedra, J.A.; Alekhin, S.; Badger, S.; Bauer, C.W.; Becher, T.; Bertone, V.; Bonvini, M.; Boselli, S.; Bothmann, E.; Boughezal, R.; Cacciari, M.; Carloni Calame, C.M.; Caola, F.; Campbell, J.M.; Carrazza, S.; Chiesa, M.; Cieri, L.; Cimaglia, F.; Febres Cordero, F.; Ferrarese, P.; D'Enterria, D.; Ferrera, G.; Garcia i Tormo, X.; Garzelli, M.V.; Germann, E.; Hirschi, V.; Han, T.; Ita, H.; Jäger, B.; Kallweit, S.; Karlberg, A.; Kuttimalai, S.; Krauss, F.; Larkoski, A.J.; Lindert, J.; Luisoni, G.; Maierhöfer, P.; Mattelaer, O.; Martinez, H.; Moch, S.; Montagna, G.; Moretti, M.; Nason, P.; Nicrosini, O.; Oleari, C.; Pagani, D.; Papaefstathiou, A.; Petriello, F.; Piccinini, F.; Pierini, M.; Pierog, T.; Pozzorini, S.; Re, E.; Robens, T.; Rojo, J.; Ruiz, R.; Sakurai, K.; Salam, G.P.; Salfelder, L.; Schönherr, M.; Schulze, M.; Schumann, S.; Selvaggi, M.; Shivaji, A.; Siodmok, A.; Skands, P.; Torrielli, P.; Tramontano, F.; Tsinikos, I.; Tweedie, B.; Vicini, A.; Westhoff, S.; Zaro, M.; Zeppenfeld, D.; CERN. Geneva. ATS Department

    2017-06-22

    This report summarises the properties of Standard Model processes at the 100 TeV pp collider. We document the production rates and typical distributions for a number of benchmark Standard Model processes, and discuss new dynamical phenomena arising at the highest energies available at this collider. We discuss the intrinsic physics interest in the measurement of these Standard Model processes, as well as their role as backgrounds for New Physics searches.

  3. Standard NIM instrumentation system

    CERN Document Server

    1990-01-01

    NIM is a standard modular instrumentation system that is in wide use throughout the world. As the NIM system developed and accommodations were made to a dynamic instrumentation field and a rapidly advancing technology, additions, revisions and clarifications were made. These were incorporated into the standard in the form of addenda and errata. This standard is a revision of the NIM document, AEC Report TID- 20893 (Rev 4) dated July 1974. It includes all the addenda and errata items that were previously issued as well as numerous additional items to make the standard current with modern technology and manufacturing practice.

  4. Flight Standards Automation System -

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Transportation — FAVSIS supports Flight Standards Service (AFS) by maintaining their information on entities such as air carriers, air agencies, designated airmen, and check airmen....

  5. E-learning standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available E-learning standards refer to a system of common rules for content, authoring software and Learning Management Systems (LMSs - rules that specify how courses can be created and delivered over multiple platforms so that they all operate seamlessly together. Accredited standards ensure that the investment in time and intellectual capital could move from one system to the next. Currently, e-learning standards are being developed by four main organizations: AICC, IEEE, IMS, and ADL. The article presents some aspects of these standards.

  6. Highlights of China Standardization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Environmental Management:Standards Guide Sustainable Transformation As of December 2010,more than 50,000 enterprises in China passed the ISO 14001 environment management system certification and more than 400 companies completed the voluntary accounting and authentication of carbon emissions.Environmental management system certification is a "green pass" in international trade.ISO has successively developed the ISO 14000 series environmental management standards and China has converted these standards into its national standards,which play a very important role in sustainable transformation and development of enterprises.

  7. Standardization of hormone determinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenman, Ulf-Håkan

    2013-12-01

    Standardization of hormone determinations is important because it simplifies interpretation of results and facilitates the use of common reference values for different assays. Progress in standardization has been achieved through the introduction of more homogeneous hormone standards for peptide and protein hormones. However, many automated methods for determinations of steroid hormones do not provide satisfactory result. Isotope dilution-mass spectrometry (ID-MS) has been used to establish reference methods for steroid hormone determinations and is now increasingly used for routine determinations of steroids and other low molecular weight compounds. Reference methods for protein hormones based on MS are being developed and these promise to improve standardization.

  8. Standardizing visual display quality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Besuijen, Ko; Spenkelink, Gerd P.J.

    1998-01-01

    The current ISO 9241–3 standard for visual display quality and the proposed user performance tests are reviewed. The standard is found to be more engineering than ergonomic and problems with system configuration, software applications, display settings, user behaviour, wear and physical environment

  9. Soviet Standardization of Russian.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benson, Morton

    1961-01-01

    After a brief history of influences on the standardization of Russian since the Revolution, the descriptive and normalizing role of specific reference works of grammar, phonetics, vocabulary, and morphology is discussed. Concluding remarks point out a problem caused by a lack of coordination of standardization efforts and the mounting demands for…

  10. State Skill Standards: Photography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howell, Frederick; Reed, Loretta; Jensen, Capra; Robison, Gary; Taylor, Susan; Pavesich, Christine

    2007-01-01

    The Department of Education has undertaken an ambitious effort to develop statewide skill standards for all content areas in career and technical education. The standards in this document are for photography programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school program.…

  11. How many standards?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maegaard, Marie

    2009-01-01

    Discussions of standardisation and standard languages has a long history in linguistics. Tore Kristiansen has contributed to these discussions in various ways, and in this chapter I will focus on his claim that young Danes operate with two standards, one for the media and one for the school. This...

  12. Why Standards Matter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anthony, Michael A.; Caleb, Derry; Mitchell, Stanley G.

    2012-01-01

    When standards are absent, people soon notice. They care when products turn out to be of poor quality, are unreliable, or dangerous because of counterfeiting. By positioning their products in relation to a common standard, firms grow the total size of the market, and can focus their innovation efforts in areas where they have a comparative…

  13. Weston Standard battery

    CERN Multimedia

    This is a Weston AOIP standard battery with its calibration certificate (1956). Inside, the glassware forms an "H". Its name comes from the British physicist Edward Weston. A standard is the materialization of a given quantity whose value is known with great accuracy.

  14. [CAS General Standards 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education, 2011

    2011-01-01

    The mission of the Council for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education (CAS) is to promote the improvement of programs and services to enhance the quality of student learning and development. CAS is a consortium of professional associations who work collaboratively to develop and promulgate standards and guidelines and to encourage…

  15. Workflow automation architecture standard

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moshofsky, R.P.; Rohen, W.T. [Boeing Computer Services Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1994-11-14

    This document presents an architectural standard for application of workflow automation technology. The standard includes a functional architecture, process for developing an automated workflow system for a work group, functional and collateral specifications for workflow automation, and results of a proof of concept prototype.

  16. Academic Standards in Alabama

    Science.gov (United States)

    A+ Education Partnership, 2014

    2014-01-01

    Education policymakers and educators in Alabama are committed to improving the state's public education system to ensure that students gain the knowledge and skills they need to graduate from high school ready for real life. The state is on the path to implementing higher academic standards--the College and Career Ready Standards--which lay a…

  17. Evaluating Living Standard Indicators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birčiaková Naďa

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the evaluation of selected available indicators of living standards, divided into three groups, namely economic, environmental, and social. We have selected six countries of the European Union for analysis: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Luxembourg, France, and Great Britain. The aim of this paper is to evaluate indicators measuring living standards and suggest the most important factors which should be included in the final measurement. We have tried to determine what factors influence each indicator and what factors affect living standards. We have chosen regression analysis as our main method. From the study of factors, we can deduce their impact on living standards, and thus the value of indicators of living standards. Indicators with a high degree of reliability include the following factors: size and density of population, health care and spending on education. Emissions of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere also have a certain lower degree of reliability.

  18. 76 FR 75782 - Revising Standards Referenced in the Acetylene Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-05

    ... the Acetylene Standard AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of... is revising its Acetylene Standard for general industry by updating a reference to a standard... and Explanation of Revisions to the Acetylene Standard IV. Procedural Determinations A....

  19. FDA Recognized Consensus Standards

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This database consists of those national and international standards recognized by FDA which manufacturers can declare conformity to and is part of the information...

  20. Striving for "Standard Economy"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Huailin

    2006-01-01

    @@ Promotion of the "standard economy" itself is an integral part of upgrading the quality of China's economic development, transforming economic growth mode and responding to foreign trade barriers as well as a key strategy for improving foreign trade level.

  1. Fiber optics standard dictionary

    CERN Document Server

    Weik, Martin H

    1997-01-01

    Fiber Optics Vocabulary Development In 1979, the National Communications System published Technical InfonnationBulle­ tin TB 79-1, Vocabulary for Fiber Optics and Lightwave Communications, written by this author. Based on a draft prepared by this author, the National Communications System published Federal Standard FED-STD-1037, Glossary of Telecommunications Terms, in 1980 with no fiber optics tenns. In 1981, the first edition of this dictionary was published under the title Fiber Optics and Lightwave Communications Standard Dictionary. In 1982, the then National Bureau of Standards, now the National Institute of Standards and Technology, published NBS Handbook 140, Optical Waveguide Communications Glossary, which was also published by the General Services Admin­ istration as PB82-166257 under the same title. Also in 1982, Dynamic Systems, Inc. , Fiberoptic Sensor Technology Handbook, co-authored and edited by published the this author, with an extensive Fiberoptic Sensors Glossary. In 1989, the handbook w...

  2. FREIGHT CONTAINER LIFTING STANDARD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    POWERS DJ; SCOTT MA; MACKEY TC

    2010-01-13

    This standard details the correct methods of lifting and handling Series 1 freight containers following ISO-3874 and ISO-1496. The changes within RPP-40736 will allow better reading comprehension, as well as correcting editorial errors.

  3. 1990 Fischer Standard study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roubik, G.J.

    1990-09-12

    The purpose of this work is to develop a set of Titanium areal density standards for calibration and maintenance of the Fischer`s X-ray Fluorescence measurement system characterization curve program. The electron microprobe was calibrated for Titanium films on ceramic substrates using an existing set of laboratory standards (Quantity: 6 Range: 0.310 to 1.605). Fourteen source assemblies were measured and assigned values. These values are based on a mean calculation, of five separate readings, from best curve fit equations developed form the plot of the laboratory standards areal density (Source Measure) versus electron microprobe measurement (reading). The best fit equations were determined using the SAS General Linear Modeling (GLM) procedure. Four separate best fit equations were evaluated (Linear, Quadratic, Cubic and Exponential). Areal density values for the Fischer Standards appear here ordered by best fit equation based on maximum R{sup 2}.

  4. The Standard Cosmological Model

    CERN Document Server

    Scott, D

    2005-01-01

    The Standard Model of Particle Physics (SMPP) is an enormously successful description of high energy physics, driving ever more precise measurements to find "physics beyond the standard model", as well as providing motivation for developing more fundamental ideas that might explain the values of its parameters. Simultaneously, a description of the entire 3-dimensional structure of the present-day Universe is being built up painstakingly. Most of the structure is stochastic in nature, being merely the result of the particular realisation of the "initial conditions" within our observable Universe patch. However, governing this structure is the Standard Model of Cosmology (SMC), which appears to require only about a dozen parameters. Cosmologists are now determining the values of these quantities with increasing precision in order to search for "physics beyond the standard model", as well as trying to develop an understanding of the more fundamental ideas which might explain the values of its parameters. Althoug...

  5. AKRO: Standard Prices

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Standard prices are generated for cost recovery programs in the Individual Fishing Quota (IFQ) halibut and sablefish, BSAI Rationalized crab, and Central Gulf of...

  6. Ozone Standard Reference Photometer

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Standard Reference Photometer (SRP) Program began in the early 1980s as collaboration between NIST and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to design,...

  7. Crew Transportation Operations Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mango, Edward J.; Pearson, Don J. (Compiler)

    2013-01-01

    The Crew Transportation Operations Standards contains descriptions of ground and flight operations processes and specifications and the criteria which will be used to evaluate the acceptability of Commercial Providers' proposed processes and specifications.

  8. International standards in metallurgy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fomina; O.; N.

    2005-01-01

    The existence of incompatible standards in many technical fields represents a technical barrier to international cooperation between enterprises in different countries in the manufacture of high technology products.……

  9. Food Safety & Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ An increasing number of people have realized that food safety is an important issue for public health. It not only concerns public health and safety, but also has direct influence on national economic progress and social development. The development and implementation of food safety standards play a vital role in protecting public health, as well as in standardizing and facilitating the sound development of food production and business.

  10. The Gold Standard Programme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neumann, Tim; Rasmussen, Mette; Ghith, Nermin

    2013-01-01

    To evaluate the real-life effect of an evidence-based Gold Standard Programme (GSP) for smoking cessation interventions in disadvantaged patients and to identify modifiable factors that consistently produce the highest abstinence rates.......To evaluate the real-life effect of an evidence-based Gold Standard Programme (GSP) for smoking cessation interventions in disadvantaged patients and to identify modifiable factors that consistently produce the highest abstinence rates....

  11. Standardization Today and Tomorrow

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-05-01

    Order for the Whole World) Eberstein, H.-H.: Sicherheitstechnisches Recht und Normen ; in: Peters. 0. H. u. A. Meyna: Handbuch der Si- cherheitstechnik...on the Protection of Labor for the Development and Design Sector) Landis, J. W.: Freie Welt - freier Handel - freie Normen ; in: DIN-Mitteilungen 57...Norm auf die Vielfalt effect of company standard on variety KonformitAt zu nationalen Normen conformity to national standards Konformit6t zu

  12. Standardization Practices of Gree

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    1.The great importance attached by the company's executives is a strong guarantee for leap-forward development of standardization.To give play to the strategic role of standards in supporting the long-term and sustainable development of the enterprise,the company's management has attached great importance to the standardization work and provided strong capital support and guarantee of resources in standardization.Continuously improve the requirements of corporate technical standards and reliability quality control means,develop core technologies with independent intellectual property rights,continuously achieve major breakthroughs in key technologies and successfully apply to the company's products to help the enterprises maintain rapid and steady development in the market of household electrical appliances with extremely intense competition,achieve remarkable economic and social benefits for the company,and provide strong support for leap-forward development of standardization work.The company has successively and independently developed a series of highend products and technologies which are intemationally advanced.So far,the company has 10 innovations included in the national science and technology programs.

  13. DOE technical standards list. Department of Energy standards index

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    This document was prepared for use by personnel involved in the selection and use of DOE technical standards and other Government and non-Government standards. This TSL provides listing of current DOE technical standards, non-Government standards that have been adopted by DOE, other Government documents in which DOE has a recorded interest, and canceled DOE technical standards. Information on new DOE technical standards projects, technical standards released for coordination, recently published DOE technical standards, and activities of non-Government standards bodies that may be of interest to DOE is published monthly in Standards Actions.

  14. DOE technical standards list: Department of Energy standards index

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    This Department of Energy (DOE) technical standards list (TSL) has been prepared by the Office of Nuclear Safety Policy and Standards (EH-31) on the basis of currently available technical information. Periodic updates of this TSL will be issued as additional information is received on standardization documents being issued, adopted, or canceled by DOE. This document was prepared for use by personnel involved in the selection and use of DOE technical standards and other Government and non-Government standards. This TSL provides listings of current DOE technical standards, non-Government standards that have been adopted by DOE, other standards-related documents in which DOE has a recorded interest, and canceled DOE technical standards. Information on new DOE technical standards projects, technical standards released for coordination, recently published DOE technical standards, and activities of non-Government standards bodies that may be of interest to DOE is published monthly in Standards Actions.

  15. Consequences of Accounting Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cai Mingyue

    2009-01-01

    The first part of this article consists in attempting to highlight the importance of concerning about the economic consequences and introducing the foundation of economic consequence theory, proposing that the accounting standard is not only a kind of technical standard, it also has the economic consequences, so it becomes the object which all quarters special interest group gambles to get latent profit. After general characterization of the economic consequences in the second part, the article gives a description of the influences the change of accounting standards bring to the government, the ordinary investors and creditors, the auditors, and the enterprise, establishing a framework that how those groups react as the economic consequences in the third part. The fourth section compare technical theory and accounting standards theory, links the basic norms of accounting such as conservatism, relevance and reliability to the methods of escaping the harm of economic consequences, then proposes some specific methods in the formuhtion of accounting standard. Finally, the article utilizes the methods to settle the problems appearing in Chinese market.

  16. Product evaluation and standardization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fry, M

    1986-01-01

    Although it was cumbersome at the time of implementation, the process began to operate effectively once hospital personnel overcame their initial concern over a potential "paperwork jungle" and realized that the paperwork is easy to control. When implementing such a system, it is vital that all personnel make a commitment to the process. Although it can be time-consuming and demanding in that employees must attend meetings, write standards, conduct and coordinate evaluations, the benefits are paid back many times over, both in dollars and staff satisfaction. A major plus of our system is our requirement that the user justify why a product is needed. That need is explained in the content of a product standard. The demerit rating system, while not a precise mathematical science, does indicate the relative importance of each criterion. The final result is a standard product, a standard process and a standard decision, against which both product and process performance can be measured. This measurement is a level of professionalism achieved by the actions of a motivated staff, working in cooperation toward a single goal.

  17. Automated Standard Hazard Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stebler, Shane

    2014-01-01

    The current system used to generate standard hazard reports is considered cumbersome and iterative. This study defines a structure for this system's process in a clear, algorithmic way so that standard hazard reports and basic hazard analysis may be completed using a centralized, web-based computer application. To accomplish this task, a test server is used to host a prototype of the tool during development. The prototype is configured to easily integrate into NASA's current server systems with minimal alteration. Additionally, the tool is easily updated and provides NASA with a system that may grow to accommodate future requirements and possibly, different applications. Results of this project's success are outlined in positive, subjective reviews complete by payload providers and NASA Safety and Mission Assurance personnel. Ideally, this prototype will increase interest in the concept of standard hazard automation and lead to the full-scale production of a user-ready application.

  18. Science education standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alberts, B.

    1994-12-31

    This paper describes the National Science Education Standards that are being developed at the National Research Council. The Standards are being developed for the following areas: content, teaching, assessment, program, and system. The national science standards will call for the kind of science that provides both an understanding of the basic concepts needed for success in our high technology society, and the acquisition of process skills, or the ability to proceed step by step to solve a practical problem. Science should become a core subject like reading, writing and math in grades K-12. At all levels, the material taught should be interesting, both to students and to teachers. The profession of science teaching must become an attractive one, which is possible to do well without superhuman effort. The scientific community must accept responsibility for achieving these goals.

  19. Fasteners 5 basic standards

    CERN Document Server

    2011-01-01

    This 3rd edition of DIN Handbook 193 contains 38 fundamental standards on fasteners, covering such areas as countersinks and counterbores, widths across flats, thread run-outs and thread undercuts, bolt and screw ends, stud ends and tapped holes for compression couplings, driving features, tolerances for screw threads and nomenclature. New to this compilation are DIN 34824 dealing with 12 point sockets for bolts and screws and DIN EN ISO 15065 which reflects current practice in Europe with regard to countersinks for countersunk head screws. Also included for the first time is DIN EN ISO 225 "Fasteners - Bolts, screws, studs and nuts - Symbols and descriptions of dimensions" which, together with DIN ISO 1891, now also incorporates terminology in Chinese, Japanese and Swedish. Four standards have been revised for this edition, among them DIN 918 Supplement 3 which provides information on the current status of European standardization relating to fasteners. DIN Handbook 193 is one of a series of six handbooks on...

  20. Islam, Standards, and Technoscience

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, Johan

    Halal (literally, "permissible" or "lawful") production, trade, and standards have become essential to state-regulated Islam and to companies in contemporary Malaysia and Singapore, giving these two countries a special position in the rapidly expanding global market for halal products......, this book provides an exploration of the role of halal production, trade, and standards. Fischer explains how the global markets for halal comprise divergent zones in which Islam, markets, regulatory institutions, and technoscience interact and diverge. Focusing on the "bigger institutional picture......" that frames everyday halal consumption, Fischer provides a multisited ethnography of the overlapping technologies and techniques of production, trade, and standards that together warrant a product as "halal," and thereby help to format the market. Exploring global halal in networks, training, laboratories...

  1. Standards and quality

    CERN Document Server

    El-Tawil, Anwar

    2015-01-01

    The book brings together a number of subjects of prime importance for any practicing engineer and, students of engineering. The book explains the concepts and functions of voluntary standards, mandatory technical regulations, conformity assessment (testing and measurement of products), certification, quality and quality management systems as well as other management systems such as environmental, social responsibility and food safety management systems.The book also gives a comprehensive description of the role of metrology systems that underpin conformity assessment. A description is given of typical national systems of standards, quality and metrology and how they relate directly or through regional structures to international systems. The book also covers the relation between standards and trade and explains the context and stipulations of the Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement of the World Trade Organization (WTO).

  2. Ethics, standards, and TQM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botticelli, M G

    1995-04-01

    The most important ethical issue for our profession is the responsibility to assure the care delivered by our colleagues and ourselves meets a self-imposed standard of excellence. There is anecdotal and experimental evidence that we have not fulfilled this obligation. Peer review has proven, for a number of reasons, to be ineffective; however, improvements in the epidemiologic sciences should provide better standards and total quality management (TQM) might prove to be of value in monitoring, comparing and improving the decisions made by physicians. Its promise lies in its emphasis on statistical analysis, its focus on systematic rather than human error, and its use of outcomes as standards. These methods, however, should not diminish our other professional responsibilities: Altruism, peer review, and in Hippocrates' words "to prescribe regimens for the good of our patients-and never do harm to anyone."

  3. Culture of standardization

    OpenAIRE

    García Pantigozo, Manuel; Yenque de Dios, Julio; Docente FII-UNMSM; Gil Benites, Wilber

    2014-01-01

    The culture of standardization has become a competitive advantage; develop those who will survive, and those who do not, will be isolated in the market. Have been established quality standards (ISO 9000), environmental (ISO 14000), on laboratory accreditation (ISO 25) on food (HACCP) and drugs (NCF).  La cultura de la normalización se ha convertido en una ventaja competitiva; quienes la desarrollen sobrevivirán, y los que no, quedarán aislados del mercado. Se han establecido normas sobr...

  4. Airborne Network Camera Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    primarily to cover terminology included in or consistent with the GigE Vision (GEV) and IRIG 106-13 Chapter 10 standards for command and control over a...cover terminology included in or consistent with the GigE Vision1 (GEV) and IRIG 106-13 Chapter 102 standards for command and control over a variety of... IRIG 106-13. June 2013. May be superseded by update. Available at http://www.wsmr.army.mil/RCCsite/Documents/106%20Previous%20Versions/106

  5. Standardization Historical Overview

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ping

    2008-01-01

    @@ 1. Indroduction Standardization germinated in ancient times, and began to develop from the beginning of the in-dustrial revolution, and took off in the later years of the 19th Century. It has been closely connected with the development of science and technology, as well as industry and trade throughout human histo-ry. Standardization now plays an important role in nearly every aspect of human life, in different sec-tors of industry and society. It has had a great im-pact on our lives.

  6. Reactive standard deontic logic

    OpenAIRE

    Gabbay, Dov M.; Straßer, Christian

    2015-01-01

    We introduce a reactive variant of SDL (standard deontic logic): SDLR1 (reactive standard deontic logic). Given a Kripkean view on the semantics of SDL in terms of directed graphs where arrows -> represent the accessibility relation between worlds, reactive models add two elements: arrows -> are labelled as 'active' or 'inactive', and double arrows a dagger connect arrows, e.g. (x(1) -> x(2)) a dagger (x(3) -> x(4)). The idea is that passing through x(1) -> x(2) activates a switch represented...

  7. Coordinate Standard Measurement Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanshaw, R.A.

    2000-02-18

    A Shelton Precision Interferometer Base, which is used for calibration of coordinate standards, was improved through hardware replacement, software geometry error correction, and reduction of vibration effects. Substantial increases in resolution and reliability, as well as reduction in sampling time, were achieved through hardware replacement; vibration effects were reduced substantially through modification of the machine component dampening and software routines; and the majority of the machine's geometry error was corrected through software geometry error correction. Because of these modifications, the uncertainty of coordinate standards calibrated on this device has been reduced dramatically.

  8. Digital Standard Star Tracker

    Science.gov (United States)

    McQuerry, J. P., Jr.

    The Digital Standard Star Tracker (DSST) is an electro-optical instrument which provides position data used for precise attitude determination. The new DSST design uses flight-proven optical and sensor components from the BASD/NASA Standard Star Tracker (SST) programs while incorporating digital electronics techniques to improve producibility and reliability. This design approach has resulted in a new instrument capable of less than 10 arc second calibrated accuracy with 50 percent of the electrical components and only 10 percent of the electrical assemblies used in the SST.

  9. Conference: STANDARD MODEL @ LHC

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    HCØ institute Universitetsparken 5 DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø Denmark Room: Auditorium 2 STANDARD MODEL @ LHC Niels Bohr International Academy and Discovery Center 10-13 April 2012 This four day meeting will bring together both experimental and theoretical aspects of Standard Model phenomenology at the LHC. The very latest results from the LHC experiments will be under discussion. Topics covered will be split into the following categories:     * QCD (Hard,Soft & PDFs)     * Vector Boson production     * Higgs searches     * Top Quark Physics     * Flavour physics

  10. 49 CFR 571.109 - Standard No. 109; New pneumatic and certain specialty tires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of the tire made of steel wires, wrapped or reinforced by ply cords, that is shaped to fit the rim...,300 1,650 3,300 1,650 3,300 (joules) 186 291 373 186 373 186 373 Nylon or polyester: (in-lbs) 2,600 3... 282 113 282 Nylon or polyester: (in-lbs) 1,950 2,925 3,900 1,950 3,900 1,950 3,900 (joules) 220 330...

  11. Beyond the Standard Model

    CERN Document Server

    Csáki, C

    2015-01-01

    We introduce aspects of physics beyond the Standard Model focusing on supersymmetry, extra dimensions, and a composite Higgs as solutions to the Hierarchy problem. Lectures given at the 2013 European School of High Energy Physics, Parádfürdo, Hungary, 5-18 June 2013.

  12. Telecommunications administration standard

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gustwiller, K.D. [GTE Customer Networks, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    1996-05-01

    The administration of telecommunications is critical to proper maintenance and operation. The intent is to be able to properly support telecommunications for the distribution of all information within a building/campus. This standard will provide a uniform administration scheme that is independent of applications, and will establish guidelines for owners, installers, designers and contractors. This standard will accommodate existing building wiring, new building wiring and outside plant wiring. Existing buildings may not readily adapt to all applications of this standard, but the requirement for telecommunications administration is applicable to all buildings. Administration of the telecommunications infrastructure includes documentation (labels, records, drawings, reports, and work orders) of cables, termination hardware, patching and cross-connect facilities, telecommunications rooms, and other telecommunications spaces (conduits, grounding, and cable pathways are documented by Facilities Engineering). The investment in properly documenting telecommunications is a worthwhile effort. It is necessary to adhere to these standards to ensure quality and efficiency for the operation and maintenance of the telecommunications infrastructure for Sandia National Laboratories.

  13. A Standard of Support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheat, Dave; Cramer, James E.; Cramer, Mary Kay

    2000-01-01

    Principals can support teachers' pursuit of National Board of Professional Teaching Standards certification by learning about the NBPTS's certification process, putting candidates in contact with NBPTS support programs, facilitating access to technology, providing building access on weekends, volunteering to photocopy or obtain needed materials,…

  14. Setting Environmental Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fishbein, Gershon

    1975-01-01

    Recent court decisions have pointed out the complexities involved in setting environmental standards. Environmental health is composed of multiple causative agents, most of which work over long periods of time. This makes the cause-and-effect relationship between health statistics and environmental contaminant exposures difficult to prove in…

  15. Organizational Hiring Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Yinon; Pfeffer, Jeffrey

    1986-01-01

    Using a sample of 254 San Francisco Bay Area establishments, this study examines determinants of organizational hiring selectivity, including use of educational credentials, tests, and screening devices for both white and blue collar workers. Apparently, hiring standards reflect organizations' skill requirements and group preferences for these…

  16. Accessibility Standards, Illustrated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Michael A.

    The book sets forth Illinois environmental accessibility standards for disabled persons based on observation and interview data. Photographs, drawings, and detailed floor plans are included in sections dealing with human data (including space requirements for maneuvering wheelchairs, color blindness, incontinence, and severe auditory or visual…

  17. Standardized Curriculum for Cosmetology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mississippi State Dept. of Education, Jackson. Office of Vocational, Technical and Adult Education.

    Standardized curricula are provided for two courses for the secondary vocational education program in Mississippi: cosmetology I and II. The 18 units in cosmetology I are as follows: introduction to cosmetology; Vocational Industrial Clubs of America; the look you like; bacteriology; sterilization and sanitation; hair and disorders; draping,…

  18. Standard PWR for Italy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Negroni, A.; Velona, F. (Ente Nazionale per l' Energia Elettrica, Rome (Italy))

    1983-03-01

    A description is given of the general design for the standard PWR which will be used in the seven to eight nuclear power stations provided for in the Italian national energy plan. Special features to meet Italian conditions include double containment and a common foundation mat for the reactor, auxiliary and fuel buildings.

  19. Standards and Criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glass, Gene V.

    2011-01-01

    This monograph has grown out of a series of discussions and a six-month period of reading and reflecting on the literature which were initiated by Fritz Mosher's suggestions to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) to examine the "standards" question. Conversations with Mosher himself and the staff of NAEP have been most…

  20. On Standard Ideals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhi De YU

    2003-01-01

    In the paper, we study a class of standard ideals which are more general than the m-primarystandard ideals discussed in [2]. We will prove an important equality concerning I-weak sequences; thusa generalization of the equality of [2] is established.

  1. Accessibility Standards, Illustrated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Michael A.

    The book sets forth Illinois environmental accessibility standards for disabled persons based on observation and interview data. Photographs, drawings, and detailed floor plans are included in sections dealing with human data (including space requirements for maneuvering wheelchairs, color blindness, incontinence, and severe auditory or visual…

  2. Setting the Standard

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The country’s self-developed document format standard faces a difficult decision and possible extinction as it goes up against mighty Microsoft Since Microsoft’s Office Open Extensible Markup Language (OOXML)document format was accepted as an international stan- dard by the International Organization for

  3. Elevating standards, improving safety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Richard

    2014-08-01

    In our latest 'technical guidance' article, Richard Clarke, sales and marketing director at one of the UK's leading lift and escalator specialists, Schindler, examines some of the key issues surrounding the specification, maintenance, and operation of lifts in hospitals to help ensure the highest standards of safety and reliability.

  4. International Financial Reporting Standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pontoppidan, Caroline Aggestam

    2011-01-01

    The advance of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) across the globe has accelerated over the last few years. This is placing increasing demands on educators to respond to these changes by an increased focus on IFRS in the curricula of accounting students. This paper reviews a range...... of educational texts covering IFRS within the context of a review of the progress of IFRS themselves....

  5. Standardization of Sign Languages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Over the years attempts have been made to standardize sign languages. This form of language planning has been tackled by a variety of agents, most notably teachers of Deaf students, social workers, government agencies, and occasionally groups of Deaf people themselves. Their efforts have most often involved the development of sign language books…

  6. 4G Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ China plans to submit homegrown fourth-generation (4G) mobile technology standards to the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) between 2008 and 2009, according to Wen Ku, director of the Department of Science and Technology at the Ministry of Information Industry.

  7. International Financial Reporting Standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pontoppidan, Caroline Aggestam

    2011-01-01

    The advance of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) across the globe has accelerated over the last few years. This is placing increasing demands on educators to respond to these changes by an increased focus on IFRS in the curricula of accounting students. This paper reviews a range...

  8. Herbal reference standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwarz, Michael; Klier, Bernhard; Sievers, Hartwig

    2009-06-01

    This review describes the current definitions and regulatory requirements that apply to reference standards that are used to analyse herbal products. It also describes and discusses the current use of reference substances and reference extracts in the European and United States pharmacopoeias.

  9. Standards and Interoperability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Stephen McGibbon

    2006-01-01

    @@ I am sure that there will be much discussion at the upcoming Baltic IT&T 2005 conference about standards and interoperability, and so I thought I would try to contribute to the debate with this, the first of four articles that I will write for this journal over the coming months.

  10. DOE standard: Radiological control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1999-07-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has developed this Standard to assist line managers in meeting their responsibilities for implementing occupational radiological control programs. DOE has established regulatory requirements for occupational radiation protection in Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 835 (10 CFR 835), ``Occupational Radiation Protection``. Failure to comply with these requirements may lead to appropriate enforcement actions as authorized under the Price Anderson Act Amendments (PAAA). While this Standard does not establish requirements, it does restate, paraphrase, or cite many (but not all) of the requirements of 10 CFR 835 and related documents (e.g., occupational safety and health, hazardous materials transportation, and environmental protection standards). Because of the wide range of activities undertaken by DOE and the varying requirements affecting these activities, DOE does not believe that it would be practical or useful to identify and reproduce the entire range of health and safety requirements in this Standard and therefore has not done so. In all cases, DOE cautions the user to review any underlying regulatory and contractual requirements and the primary guidance documents in their original context to ensure that the site program is adequate to ensure continuing compliance with the applicable requirements. To assist its operating entities in achieving and maintaining compliance with the requirements of 10 CFR 835, DOE has established its primary regulatory guidance in the DOE G 441.1 series of Guides. This Standard supplements the DOE G 441.1 series of Guides and serves as a secondary source of guidance for achieving compliance with 10 CFR 835.

  11. Department of Energy Standards Index

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-08-01

    This TSL, intended for use in selecting and using DOE technical standards and other Government and non-Government standards, provides listing of current and inactive DOE technical standards, non-Government standards adopted by DOE, other Government documents in which DOE has a recorded interest, and cancelled DOE technical standards.

  12. DOE technical standards list: Department of Energy standards index

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-06-01

    This technical standards list (TSL) was prepared for use by personnel involved in the selection and use of US DOE technical standards and other government and non-government standards. This TSL provides listings of current DOE technical standards, non-government standards that have been adopted by DOE, other government documents in which DOE has a recorded interest, and cancelled DOE technical standards. Standards are indexed by type in the appendices to this document. Definitions of and general guidance for the use of standards are also provided.

  13. Autoantibody standardization in The Netherlands.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Damoiseaux, J.; Tervaert, J.W.; Derksen, R.; Hamann, D.; Hooijkaas, H.; Klasen, I.S.; Kallenberg, C.; Limburg, P.; Smeenk, R.

    2009-01-01

    Several initiatives have been undertaken, independent of the European Autoantibody Standardization Initiative (EASI), to standardize autoantibodies in The Netherlands. The Dutch EASI team has made an inventory of which initiatives on autoantibody standardization are already available and what future

  14. Non_standard Wood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tamke, Martin

    Non-Standard elements in architecture bear the promise of a better more specific performance (Oosterhuis 2003). A new understanding of design evolves, which is focusing on open ended approaches, able to negotiate between shifting requirements and to integrate knowledge on process and material......- and machine industry we fabricated a 1:1 demonstrator show casing the potential for performance due to digital fabrication in this sustainable material. The production of a custom made design tool helped not only to explore design variations while keeping up the link to digital production machinery....... Using parametric design tools and computer controlled production facilities Copenhagens Centre for IT and Architecture undertook a practice based research into performance based non-standard element design and mass customization techniques. In close cooperation with wood construction software...

  15. Beyond the Standard Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peskin, M.E.

    1997-05-01

    These lectures constitute a short course in ``Beyond the Standard Model`` for students of experimental particle physics. The author discusses the general ideas which guide the construction of models of physics beyond the Standard model. The central principle, the one which most directly motivates the search for new physics, is the search for the mechanism of the spontaneous symmetry breaking observed in the theory of weak interactions. To illustrate models of weak-interaction symmetry breaking, the author gives a detailed discussion of the idea of supersymmetry and that of new strong interactions at the TeV energy scale. He discusses experiments that will probe the details of these models at future pp and e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} colliders.

  16. 3G Standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saugstrup, Dan; Henten, Anders

    2006-01-01

    angles – technology, markets and economy, policy and regulation, and other social aspects. Findings – The paper concludes that WCDMA will dominate the markets, but that there will be a co-existence of different solutions – also inside individual countries where more than one solution is implemented......Purpose – The main purpose of this paper is to analyze which standard/technology will win the 3G mobile markets. In addition, two sub topics are examined. First, which kind of victory will it be – will one technological solution be all-dominating or is co-existence more likely? Second, which...... are the most decisive factors in the battle between the different standards – which roles do respectively technology path-dependence, network effects and strategic concerns play? Design/methodology/approach – The approach taken in the paper is to examine the different kinds of stakeholders – in this field...

  17. The Genomic Standards Consortium.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dawn Field

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available A vast and rich body of information has grown up as a result of the world's enthusiasm for 'omics technologies. Finding ways to describe and make available this information that maximise its usefulness has become a major effort across the 'omics world. At the heart of this effort is the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC, an open-membership organization that drives community-based standardization activities, Here we provide a short history of the GSC, provide an overview of its range of current activities, and make a call for the scientific community to join forces to improve the quality and quantity of contextual information about our public collections of genomes, metagenomes, and marker gene sequences.

  18. Standarder for god undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dolin, Jens; Christiansen, Frederik V; Troelsen, Rie

    foretages på baggrund af forskningsresultater, og ansattes engagement i undervisning vil ofte være på bekostning af forskningsindsatsen – og dermed på bekostning af vedkommendes akademiske karriere. Dette roundtable vil diskutere hvorvidt indførelsen af standarder for god undervisning kan være en del af en...... indsats, som både kan øge kvaliteten i de videregående uddannelser og øge undervisningens status. En sådan standard kan formuleres på mange måder, som har indflydelse på såvel anvendelighed som på selve forståelsen af hvad god undervisning er. Den udviklede model kan opfattes som et dialogredskab...

  19. Beyond standard quantum chromodynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brodsky, S.J.

    1995-09-01

    Despite the many empirical successes of QCD, there are a number of intriguing experimental anomalies that have been observed in heavy flavor hadroproduction, in measurements of azimuthal correlations in deep inelastic processes, and in measurements of spin correlations in hadronic reactions. Such phenomena point to color coherence and multiparton correlations in the hadron wavefunctions and physics beyond standard leading twist factorization. Two new high precision tests of QCD and the Standard Model are discussed: classical polarized photoabsorption sum rules, which are sensitive to anomalous couplings and composite structure, and commensurate scale relations, which relate physical observables to each other without scale or scheme ambiguity. The relationship of anomalous couplings to composite structure is also discussed.

  20. New standards; Neue Normen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, Stephan [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Testzentrum fuer Solaranlagen des Inst. fuer Thermodynamik und Waermetechnik (ITW)

    2013-06-06

    At the end of this year (2013) the international collector standard EN ISO 9806 replaces the existing EN 12975-2 standard. Also EN 12975-1, which is formulating the general requirements for solar collectors will be adjusted during the year. And last but not least: the first time boilers and controller can get the label ''Solar Keymark''. [German] Ende dieses Jahres (2013) soll die internationale Kollektornorm EN ISO 9806 die bisherige EN 12975-2 ersetzen. Auch die EN 12975-1, die allgemeine Anforderungen an Solarkollektoren formuliert, wird im Laufe des Jahres angepasst. Und nicht zuletzt: Erstmals koennen Speicher und Regler das Label ''Solar Keymark'' bekommen.

  1. Hypnosis and performance standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynn, Steven Jay; Green, Joseph P; Jaquith, Leah; Gasior, Donna

    2003-01-01

    Participants received 1 of 3 instructional sets designed to manipulate their performance standards (i.e., criteria used to evaluate hypnotic performance): (a) stringent set (n = 33), these subjects were told that responsive subjects respond immediately to hypnosis and imagine realistically, (b) lenient set (n = 30), these subjects were told that responsive subjects do not necessarily respond immediately or imagine realistically, and (c) control set (n = 34), standard prehypnotic information. As expected, compared to controls, stringent set participants were less responsive to hypnosis, as indexed by measures of actual and estimated suggestibility, subjective involvement, involuntariness, quickness of responding, satisfaction, and imaginative ability. Stringent set participants estimated they passed fewer suggestions, were less satisfied with their performance, and reported less subjective involvement than individuals in the lenient condition.

  2. 76 FR 81295 - Cost Accounting Standards: Cost Accounting Standards 412 and 413-Cost Accounting Standards...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ... cost on a current mark-to-market basis better aligns the CAS measurement with current accounting and... 9904 Cost Accounting Standards: Cost Accounting Standards 412 and 413--Cost Accounting Standards... Policy 48 CFR Part 9904 Cost Accounting Standards: Cost Accounting Standards 412 and......

  3. Frequency Standards and Metrology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maleki, Lute

    2009-04-01

    Preface / Lute Maleki -- Symposium history / Jacques Vanier -- Symposium photos -- pt. I. Fundamental physics. Variation of fundamental constants from the big bang to atomic clocks: theory and observations (Invited) / V. V. Flambaum and J. C. Berengut. Alpha-dot or not: comparison of two single atom optical clocks (Invited) / T. Rosenband ... [et al.]. Variation of the fine-structure constant and laser cooling of atomic dysprosium (Invited) / N. A. Leefer ... [et al.]. Measurement of short range forces using cold atoms (Invited) / F. Pereira Dos Santos ... [et al.]. Atom interferometry experiments in fundamental physics (Invited) / S. W. Chiow ... [et al.]. Space science applications of frequency standards and metrology (Invited) / M. Tinto -- pt. II. Frequency & metrology. Quantum metrology with lattice-confined ultracold Sr atoms (Invited) / A. D. Ludlow ... [et al.]. LNE-SYRTE clock ensemble: new [symbol]Rb hyperfine frequency measurement - spectroscopy of [symbol]Hg optical clock transition (Invited) / M. Petersen ... [et al.]. Precise measurements of S-wave scattering phase shifts with a juggling atomic clock (Invited) / S. Gensemer ... [et al.]. Absolute frequency measurement of the [symbol] clock transition (Invited) / M. Chwalla ... [et al.]. The semiclassical stochastic-field/atom interaction problem (Invited) / J. Camparo. Phase and frequency noise metrology (Invited) / E. Rubiola ... [et al.]. Optical spectroscopy of atomic hydrogen for an improved determination of the Rydberg constant / J. L. Flowers ... [et al.] -- pt. III. Clock applications in space. Recent progress on the ACES mission (Invited) / L. Cacciapuoti and C. Salomon. The SAGAS mission (Invited) / P. Wolf. Small mercury microwave ion clock for navigation and radioScience (Invited) / J. D. Prestage ... [et al.]. Astro-comb: revolutionizing precision spectroscopy in astrophysics (Invited) / C. E. Kramer ... [et al.]. High frequency very long baseline interferometry: frequency standards and

  4. Forestry Standardization & Forestry Insurance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Forestry insurance of our country has developed slowly,of which the main difficulty lies in predicting and determining forestry risk,confirming the sum insured,raising the premiums, indemnity for property loss,coordinating forestry insurance and forestry protection,and lack of insurance legal system etc.With the implementation of forestry's standardized project,and overcoming effectively the technological obstacle existing in forestry's insurance,the development speed of forestry's insurance will be accelerated too.

  5. Standard interface file handbook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shapiro, A.; Huria, H.C. (Cincinnati Univ., OH (United States))

    1992-10-01

    This handbook documents many of the standard interface file formats that have been adopted by the US Department of Energy to facilitate communications between and portability of, various large reactor physics and radiation transport software packages. The emphasis is on those files needed for use of the VENTURE/PC diffusion-depletion code system. File structures, contents and some practical advice on use of the various files are provided.

  6. DOE standard: Firearms safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-02-01

    Information in this document is applicable to all DOE facilities, elements, and contractors engaged in work that requires the use of firearms as provided by law or contract. The standard in this document provides principles and practices for implementing a safe and effective firearms safety program for protective forces and for non-security use of firearms. This document describes acceptable interpretations and methods for meeting Order requirements.

  7. CALBC silver standard corpus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebholz-Schuhmann, Dietrich; Jimeno Yepes, Antonio José; Van Mulligen, Erik M; Kang, Ning; Kors, Jan; Milward, David; Corbett, Peter; Buyko, Ekaterina; Beisswanger, Elena; Hahn, Udo

    2010-02-01

    The CALBC initiative aims to provide a large-scale biomedical text corpus that contains semantic annotations for named entities of different kinds. The generation of this corpus requires that the annotations from different automatic annotation systems be harmonized. In the first phase, the annotation systems from five participants (EMBL-EBI, EMC Rotterdam, NLM, JULIE Lab Jena, and Linguamatics) were gathered. All annotations were delivered in a common annotation format that included concept identifiers in the boundary assignments and that enabled comparison and alignment of the results. During the harmonization phase, the results produced from those different systems were integrated in a single harmonized corpus ("silver standard" corpus) by applying a voting scheme. We give an overview of the processed data and the principles of harmonization--formal boundary reconciliation and semantic matching of named entities. Finally, all submissions of the participants were evaluated against that silver standard corpus. We found that species and disease annotations are better standardized amongst the partners than the annotations of genes and proteins. The raw corpus is now available for additional named entity annotations. Parts of it will be made available later on for a public challenge. We expect that we can improve corpus building activities both in terms of the numbers of named entity classes being covered, as well as the size of the corpus in terms of annotated documents.

  8. Standards for medical educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purcell, Nigel; Lloyd-Jones, Gaynor

    2003-02-01

    In the current UK socio-political climate of mounting regulation of professional practice, a debate on the topic of standards amongst medical teachers seems timely. The role of teacher is increasingly recognised as a core professional activity for all doctors and one that cannot be left to chance, aptitude or inclination. As a consequence, faculties have developed a plethora of teacher training programmes for medical teachers. But what is good medical teaching? Unless we know what it is, how can we develop it? One possible approach is to develop clear and comprehensive standards, defining what we mean by competent or effective clinical teaching. In this article we have evaluated and compared two models of standards for clinical educators. The first is the outcome-based approach developed at Dundee Medical School and the second is the scholarship model devised initially by Boyer and then elaborated by Glassick and Fincher et al. The key features of both models are briefly described and their comparative strengths and problematic aspects explored. Both models offer interesting and stimulating ideas and together they provide an instructive contrast. They make a valuable contribution to the ongoing process of improving the provision of medical education.

  9. The Conformal Standard Model

    CERN Document Server

    Latosinski, Adam; Meissner, Krzysztof A; Nicolai, Hermann

    2015-01-01

    We present an extended version of the Conformal Standard Model (characterized by the absence of any new intermediate scales between the electroweak scale and the Planck scale) with an enlarged scalar sector coupling to right-chiral neutrinos in such a way that the scalar potential and the Yukawa couplings involving only right-chiral neutrinos are invariant under a new global symmetry SU(3)$_N$ which is broken explicitly only by the Yukawa interaction coupling right-chiral neutrinos and the electroweak lepton doublets. We point out four main advantages of such an enlargement, namely: (1) the economy of the (non-supersymmetric) Standard Model, and thus its observational success, is preserved; (2) thanks to the enlarged scalar sector the RG improved one-loop effective potential is everywhere positive with a stable global minimum, thereby avoiding the notorious instability of the Standard Model vacuum; (3) the pseudo-Goldstone bosons resulting from spontaneous breaking of the SU(3)$_N$ symmetry are natural Dark M...

  10. Implementing PAT with Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandramohan, Laakshmana Sabari; Doolla, Suryanarayana; Khaparde, S. A.

    2016-02-01

    Perform Achieve Trade (PAT) is a market-based incentive mechanism to promote energy efficiency. The purpose of this work is to address the challenges inherent to inconsistent representation of business processes, and interoperability issues in PAT like cap-and-trade mechanisms especially when scaled. Studies by various agencies have highlighted that as the mechanism evolves including more industrial sectors and industries in its ambit, implementation will become more challenging. This paper analyses the major needs of PAT (namely tracking, monitoring, auditing & verifying energy-saving reports, and providing technical support & guidance to stakeholders); and how the aforesaid reasons affect them. Though current technologies can handle these challenges to an extent, standardization activities for implementation have been scanty for PAT and this work attempts to evolve them. The inconsistent modification of business processes, rules, and procedures across stakeholders, and interoperability among heterogeneous systems are addressed. This paper proposes the adoption of specifically two standards into PAT, namely Business Process Model and Notation for maintaining consistency in business process modelling, and Common Information Model (IEC 61970, 61968, 62325 combined) for information exchange. Detailed architecture and organization of these adoptions are reported. The work can be used by PAT implementing agencies, stakeholders, and standardization bodies.

  11. Standard biological parts knowledgebase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galdzicki, Michal; Rodriguez, Cesar; Chandran, Deepak; Sauro, Herbert M; Gennari, John H

    2011-02-24

    We have created the Knowledgebase of Standard Biological Parts (SBPkb) as a publically accessible Semantic Web resource for synthetic biology (sbolstandard.org). The SBPkb allows researchers to query and retrieve standard biological parts for research and use in synthetic biology. Its initial version includes all of the information about parts stored in the Registry of Standard Biological Parts (partsregistry.org). SBPkb transforms this information so that it is computable, using our semantic framework for synthetic biology parts. This framework, known as SBOL-semantic, was built as part of the Synthetic Biology Open Language (SBOL), a project of the Synthetic Biology Data Exchange Group. SBOL-semantic represents commonly used synthetic biology entities, and its purpose is to improve the distribution and exchange of descriptions of biological parts. In this paper, we describe the data, our methods for transformation to SBPkb, and finally, we demonstrate the value of our knowledgebase with a set of sample queries. We use RDF technology and SPARQL queries to retrieve candidate "promoter" parts that are known to be both negatively and positively regulated. This method provides new web based data access to perform searches for parts that are not currently possible.

  12. Standard biological parts knowledgebase.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Galdzicki

    Full Text Available We have created the Knowledgebase of Standard Biological Parts (SBPkb as a publically accessible Semantic Web resource for synthetic biology (sbolstandard.org. The SBPkb allows researchers to query and retrieve standard biological parts for research and use in synthetic biology. Its initial version includes all of the information about parts stored in the Registry of Standard Biological Parts (partsregistry.org. SBPkb transforms this information so that it is computable, using our semantic framework for synthetic biology parts. This framework, known as SBOL-semantic, was built as part of the Synthetic Biology Open Language (SBOL, a project of the Synthetic Biology Data Exchange Group. SBOL-semantic represents commonly used synthetic biology entities, and its purpose is to improve the distribution and exchange of descriptions of biological parts. In this paper, we describe the data, our methods for transformation to SBPkb, and finally, we demonstrate the value of our knowledgebase with a set of sample queries. We use RDF technology and SPARQL queries to retrieve candidate "promoter" parts that are known to be both negatively and positively regulated. This method provides new web based data access to perform searches for parts that are not currently possible.

  13. ISO 50001 Energy Management Standard

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-08-12

    This powerful standard from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) provides an internationally recognized framework for organizations to voluntarily implement an energy management system.

  14. ESDIS Standards Office (ESO): Requirements, Standards and Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Andrew E.; Mcinerney, Mark Allen; Enloe, Yonsok K.; Conover, Helen T.; Doyle, Allan

    2016-01-01

    The ESDIS Standards Office assists the ESDIS Project in formulating standards policy for NASA Earth Science Data Systems (ESDS), coordinates standards activities within ESDIS, and provides technical expertise and assistance with standards related tasks within the NASA Earth Science Data System Working Groups (ESDSWG). This poster summarizes information found on the earthdata.nasa.gov site that describes the ESO.

  15. Consistency Across Standards or Standards in a New Business Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Dane M.

    2010-01-01

    Presentation topics include: standards in a changing business model, the new National Space Policy is driving change, a new paradigm for human spaceflight, consistency across standards, the purpose of standards, danger of over-prescriptive standards, a balance is needed (between prescriptive and general standards), enabling versus inhibiting, characteristics of success-oriented standards, characteristics of success-oriented standards, and conclusions. Additional slides include NASA Procedural Requirements 8705.2B identifies human rating standards and requirements, draft health and medical standards for human rating, what's been done, government oversight models, examples of consistency from anthropometry, examples of inconsistency from air quality and appendices of government and non-governmental human factors standards.

  16. Beyond the Standard Model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lykken, Joseph D.; /Fermilab

    2010-05-01

    'BSM physics' is a phrase used in several ways. It can refer to physical phenomena established experimentally but not accommodated by the Standard Model, in particular dark matter and neutrino oscillations (technically also anything that has to do with gravity, since gravity is not part of the Standard Model). 'Beyond the Standard Model' can also refer to possible deeper explanations of phenomena that are accommodated by the Standard Model but only with ad hoc parameterizations, such as Yukawa couplings and the strong CP angle. More generally, BSM can be taken to refer to any possible extension of the Standard Model, whether or not the extension solves any particular set of puzzles left unresolved in the SM. In this general sense one sees reference to the BSM 'theory space' of all possible SM extensions, this being a parameter space of coupling constants for new interactions, new charges or other quantum numbers, and parameters describing possible new degrees of freedom or new symmetries. Despite decades of model-building it seems unlikely that we have mapped out most of, or even the most interesting parts of, this theory space. Indeed we do not even know what is the dimensionality of this parameter space, or what fraction of it is already ruled out by experiment. Since Nature is only implementing at most one point in this BSM theory space (at least in our neighborhood of space and time), it might seem an impossible task to map back from a finite number of experimental discoveries and measurements to a unique BSM explanation. Fortunately for theorists the inevitable limitations of experiments themselves, in terms of resolutions, rates, and energy scales, means that in practice there are only a finite number of BSM model 'equivalence classes' competing at any given time to explain any given set of results. BSM phenomenology is a two-way street: not only do experimental results test or constrain BSM models, they also suggest

  17. Viewpoints on Grid Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Andrew A. Chien; Xian-He Sun; Zhi-Wei Xu

    2005-01-01

    @@ At GCC 2003 in Shanghai in December 2003, a panel discussion was held on the future of grid computing and on the role of the Globus Toolkit in future grid standards. Panelists include Andrew Chien (UCSD, USA), Wolfgang Gentzsch (Sun),Francis Lau (HKU, China), Carl Kesselman (USC, USA), Satoshi Matsuoka (TIT, Japan), Xian-He Sun (IIT, USA), Richard Wirt (Intel), Liang-Jie Zhang (IBM Research), Song-Nian Zhou (Platform Computing), and Zhi-Wei Xu (ICT, China), with Hai Jin (HUST, China) served as the coordinator. The panel talks were stimulating and well received. Three of the panel talk notes are selected and included in this viewpoint.

  18. Hazard Communication Standard

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sichak, S.

    1991-01-01

    The current rate of technological advances has brought with it an overwhelming increase in the usage of chemicals in the workplace and in the home. Coupled to this increase has been a heightened awareness in the potential for acute and chronic injuries attributable to chemical insults. The Hazard Communication Standard has been introduced with the desired goal of reducing workplace exposures to hazardous substances and thereby achieving a corresponding reduction in adverse health effects. It was created and proclaimed by the US Department of Labor and regulated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. 1 tab.

  19. Fractional standard map

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edelman, Mark, E-mail: edelman@cims.nyu.ed [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, 251 Mercer St., New York, NY 10012 (United States)] [Department of Physics, Stern College at Yeshiva University, 245 Lexington Avenue, New York, NY 10016 (United States); Tarasov, Vasily E. [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, 251 Mercer St., New York, NY 10012 (United States)] [Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, Moscow 119991 (Russian Federation)

    2009-12-28

    Properties of the phase space of the standard map with memory are investigated. This map was obtained from a kicked fractional differential equation. Depending on the value of the map parameter and the fractional order of the derivative in the original differential equation, this nonlinear dynamical system demonstrates attractors (fixed points, stable periodic trajectories, slow converging and slow diverging trajectories, ballistic trajectories, and fractal-like structures) and/or chaotic trajectories. At least one type of fractal-like sticky attractors in the chaotic sea was observed.

  20. World gravity standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uotila, U. A.

    1978-01-01

    In order to use gravity anomalies in geodetic computations and geophysical interpretations, the observed gravity values from which anomalies are derived should be referred to one consistent world wide system. The International Gravity Standardization Net 1971 was adapted by the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics at Moscow in 1971, the network was result of extensive cooperation by many organizations and individuals around the world. The network contains more than 1800 stations around the world. The data used in the adjustment included more than 25,000 gravimetry, pendulum and absolute measurements.

  1. Non-standard antennas

    CERN Document Server

    Le Chevalier, Francois; Staraj, Robert

    2013-01-01

    This book aims at describing the wide variety of new technologies and concepts of non-standard antenna systems - reconfigurable, integrated, terahertz, deformable, ultra-wideband, using metamaterials, or MEMS,  etc, and how they open the way to a wide range of applications, from personal security and communications to multifunction radars and towed sonars, or satellite navigation systems, with space-time diversity on transmit and receive. A reference book for designers  in this lively scientific community linking antenna experts and signal processing engineers.

  2. High Availability Electronics Standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larsen, R.S.; /SLAC

    2006-12-13

    Availability modeling of the proposed International Linear Collider (ILC) predicts unacceptably low uptime with current electronics systems designs. High Availability (HA) analysis is being used as a guideline for all major machine systems including sources, utilities, cryogenics, magnets, power supplies, instrumentation and controls. R&D teams are seeking to achieve total machine high availability with nominal impact on system cost. The focus of this paper is the investigation of commercial standard HA architectures and packaging for Accelerator Controls and Instrumentation. Application of HA design principles to power systems and detector instrumentation are also discussed.

  3. Government by standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Triantafillou, Peter

    2016-01-01

    Since 2009, all Danish hospitals have been subjected to a comprehensive, mandatory accreditation system, the so-called Danish Quality Model (DDKM), in order to assure the quality of hospital services. So far there is no evidence of DDKM’s positive effects on clinical outcome and it may even be co......, it is argued that the accreditation system is hard to refuse because it promises to increase the quality of hospital services and, more importantly, because the procedural standards espoused by DDKM work through the structured and accountable freedom of medical staff....

  4. Emergency Management Standards and Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities, 2009

    2009-01-01

    This publication discusses emergency management standards for school use and lists standards recommended by FEMA's National Incident Management System (NIMS). Schools are encouraged to review these standards carefully and to adopt, where applicable, those that meet their needs. The lists of standards, resources, and references contained herein…

  5. Spillover effects of international standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trifkovic, Neda

    Most studies focus on trade effects and organizational outcomes of international standards, neglecting the effect of standards on employees. Using a two-year matched firm–employee panel dataset, this paper finds that the application of standards improves work conditions in small and medium....... The study reveals unexpected benefits from certification, calling for higher investment in standards....

  6. Spillover effects of international standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trifkovic, Neda

    Most studies focus on trade effects and organizational outcomes of international standards, neglecting the effect of standards on employees. Using a two-year matched firm–employee panel dataset, this paper finds that the application of standards improves work conditions in small and medium enterp....... The study reveals unexpected benefits from certification, calling for higher investment in standards.......Most studies focus on trade effects and organizational outcomes of international standards, neglecting the effect of standards on employees. Using a two-year matched firm–employee panel dataset, this paper finds that the application of standards improves work conditions in small and medium...

  7. Standardized Referente Evapotranspiration Equation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.D. Mundo–Molina

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper is presented a discussion on the necessity to standardize the Penman–Monteith equations in order to estimate ETo. The proposal is to define an accuracy and standarize equation based in Penman–Monteith. The automated weather station named CIANO (27° 22 ' 144 North latitude and 109" 55' west longitude it was selected tomake comparisons. The compared equations we re: a CIANO weat her station, b Penman–Monteith ASCE (PMA, Penman–Monteith FAO 56 (PM FAO 56, Penman–Monteith estandarizado ASCE (PM Std. ASCE. The results were: a There are important differences between PMA and CIANO weather station. The differences are attributed to the nonstandardization of the equation CIANO weather station, b The coefficient of correlation between both methods was of 0,92, with a standard deviation of 1,63 mm, an average quadratic error of 0,60 mm and one efficiency in the estimation of ETo with respect to the method pattern of 87%.

  8. Standarder for god undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dolin, Jens; Christiansen, Frederik V; Troelsen, Rie;

    foretages på baggrund af forskningsresultater, og ansattes engagement i undervisning vil ofte være på bekostning af forskningsindsatsen – og dermed på bekostning af vedkommendes akademiske karriere. Dette roundtable vil diskutere hvorvidt indførelsen af standarder for god undervisning kan være en del af en...... indsats, som både kan øge kvaliteten i de videregående uddannelser og øge undervisningens status. En sådan standard kan formuleres på mange måder, som har indflydelse på såvel anvendelighed som på selve forståelsen af hvad god undervisning er. Den udviklede model kan opfattes som et dialogredskab...... for undervisningsudvikling, men kan også frygtes at blive brugt som et kontrolredskab. Disse forskellige muligheder og dilemmaer vil blive adresseret i samtalen. Oplægsholderne vil tage udgangspunkt i initiativer de er engagerede i på deres egne universiteter og fremhæve de konkrete problemer, som disse initiativer har...

  9. New standard exceeds expectations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bennett, M.J. (Environmental Data Resources Inc., Southport, CT (United States))

    1993-08-01

    The new ASTM environmental due diligence standard is delivering far more than expected when it was conceived in 1990. Its use goes well beyond the relatively narrow legal liability protection that was the primary goal in its development. The real estate industry, spearheaded by the lending community, was preoccupied with environmental risk and liability. Lenders throughout the concept's evolution have been at the forefront in defining environmental due diligence. The lender liability rule is intended to protect property owners from CERCLA liability for property they own or companies they manage (for example, as a result of foreclosure). The new site assessment standard increasingly is considered a benchmark for prudent environmental due diligence in the interest of risk management, not legal liability. The focus on risk management, including collateral devaluation and corporate credit risk, are becoming dominant areas of policy focus in the lending industry. Lenders now are revising their policies to incorporate transactions beyond issues of real estate, in which a company's economic viability and ability to service debt could be impacted by an environmental problem unrelated to property transfers.

  10. The Supersymmetric Standard Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fayet, Pierre

    2016-10-01

    The Standard Model may be included within a supersymmetric theory, postulating new sparticles that differ by half-a-unit of spin from their standard model partners, and by a new quantum number called R-parity. The lightest one, usually a neutralino, is expected to be stable and a possible candidate for dark matter. The electroweak breaking requires two doublets, leading to several charged and neutral Brout-Englert-Higgs bosons. This also leads to gauge/Higgs unification by providing extra spin-0 partners for the spin-1 W± and Z. It offers the possibility to view, up to a mixing angle, the new 125 GeV boson as the spin-0 partner of the Z under two supersymmetry transformations, i.e. as a Z that would be deprived of its spin. Supersymmetry then relates two existing particles of different spins, in spite of their different gauge symmetry properties, through supersymmetry transformations acting on physical fields in a non-polynomial way. We also discuss how the compactification of extra dimensions, relying on R-parity and other discrete symmetries, may determine both the supersymmetrybreaking and grand-unification scales.

  11. The Supersymmetric Standard Model

    CERN Document Server

    Fayet, Pierre

    2016-01-01

    The Standard Model may be included within a supersymmetric theory, postulating new sparticles that differ by half-a-unit of spin from their standard model partners, and by a new quantum number called R-parity. The lightest one, usually a neutralino, is expected to be stable and a possible candidate for dark matter. The electroweak breaking requires two doublets, leading to several charged and neutral Brout- Englert-Higgs bosons. This also leads to gauge/Higgs unification by providing extra spin-0 partners for the spin-1 W$^\\pm$ and Z. It offers the possibility to view, up to a mixing angle, the new 125 GeV boson as the spin-0 partner of the Z under two supersymmetry transformations, i.e. as a Z that would be deprived of its spin. Supersymmetry then relates two existing particles of different spins, in spite of their different gauge symmetry properties, through supersymmetry transformations acting on physical fields in a non-polynomial way. We also discuss how the compactification of extra dimensions, relying ...

  12. Measuring against clinical standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaw, Charles D

    2003-07-15

    Systematic improvement of health services requires the objective measurement of people, practices and organisations against valid and explicit standards in order to identify and implement appropriate change. Effective quality systems must embrace a wide range of definitions of quality, and a similar variety of approaches to defining, measuring and improving. Clinical performance may be examined from three professional viewpoints--clinical competence: assessment of individual practitioners against explicit criteria to recognise achievement and to promote continuing development. Traditional mechanisms of training, registration and accreditation enable clinicians to reach career grades but responsibility for subsequent support is often unclear between employers, professions and registering bodies. Clinical practice: assessment of actual clinical process and outcomes against research-based "best practice" to identify and reduce variation. Peer review, clinical audit and confidential enquiries are examples of this approach, which may involve single or multiple professional groups and their interface with management. Service accreditation: systems to assess health care organisations against published standards in order to encourage best management practice. These are usually run on a regional or national basis and, though sensitive to expectations of patients, managers, clinicians, paying agencies and government, they are usually managed by an impartial but authoritative organisation.

  13. Standardization Promotes Midea Industrial Upgrading

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    1.Midea Achievenents in standardization For a long time,Midea attaches high importance to the implementation of standardization.After four decades development,Midea has accumulated advantages in manufacturing,technology,market and personnel to some extent,which form Midea's strategic foundation of enterprise standardization.In 2006,the Group set up the Science & Technology Management Department,enhanced the standardization management function to the Group and made standardization management the more specialized and systemized.

  14. The Diamond Standard Vodka酒

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    对于酒的品味不仅仅在酒本身所散发出的醉人魅力,自古以来,拥有艺术品般精湛做工、华美造犁的盛酒器皿也和酒一样流传千古。The Diamond Standard Vodka以“奢侈”、“豪华”作为卖点,除了散发着北欧风格的高贵气质外,由原产自奥地利的施华洛廿奇水晶制成25mm的瓶身更让它身价倍增。以钻石命名的它使用了钻石过滤专利系统,

  15. Standardization of depression measurement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahl, Inka; Löwe, Bernd; Bjørner, Jakob

    2014-01-01

    comparisons among included measures. Large differences were found in their measurement precision and range, providing a rationale for instrument selection. Published scale-specific threshold scores of depression severity showed remarkable consistencies across different questionnaires. CONCLUSION: An IRT-based......OBJECTIVES: To provide a standardized metric for the assessment of depression severity to enable comparability among results of established depression measures. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: A common metric for 11 depression questionnaires was developed applying item response theory (IRT) methods. Data...... instrument-independent metric for depression severity enables direct comparisons among established measures. The "common ruler" simplifies the interpretation of depression assessment by identifying key thresholds for clinical and epidemiologic decision making and facilitates integrative psychometric research...

  16. Spatial Standard Observer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Andrew B. (Inventor)

    2012-01-01

    The present invention relates to devices and methods for the measurement and/or for the specification of the perceptual intensity of a visual image, or the perceptual distance between a pair of images. Grayscale test and reference images are processed to produce test and reference luminance images. A luminance filter function is convolved with the reference luminance image to produce a local mean luminance reference image. Test and reference contrast images are produced from the local mean luminance reference image and the test and reference luminance images respectively, followed by application of a contrast sensitivity filter. The resulting images are combined according to mathematical prescriptions to produce a Just Noticeable Difference, JND value, indicative of a Spatial Standard Observer, SSO. Some embodiments include masking functions, window functions, special treatment for images lying on or near borders and pre-processing of test images.

  17. Second order Standard Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johnny Espin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available It is known, though not commonly, that one can describe fermions using a second order in derivatives Lagrangian instead of the first order Dirac one. In this description the propagator is scalar, and the complexity is shifted to the vertex, which contains a derivative operator. In this paper we rewrite the Lagrangian of the fermionic sector of the Standard Model in such second order form. The new Lagrangian is extremely compact, and is obtained from the usual first order Lagrangian by integrating out all primed (or dotted 2-component spinors. It thus contains just half of the 2-component spinors that appear in the usual Lagrangian, which suggests a new perspective on unification. We sketch a natural in this framework SU(2×SU(4⊂SO(9 unified theory.

  18. libdrdc: software standards library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erickson, David; Peng, Tie

    2008-04-01

    This paper presents the libdrdc software standards library including internal nomenclature, definitions, units of measure, coordinate reference frames, and representations for use in autonomous systems research. This library is a configurable, portable C-function wrapped C++ / Object Oriented C library developed to be independent of software middleware, system architecture, processor, or operating system. It is designed to use the automatically-tuned linear algebra suite (ATLAS) and Basic Linear Algebra Suite (BLAS) and port to firmware and software. The library goal is to unify data collection and representation for various microcontrollers and Central Processing Unit (CPU) cores and to provide a common Application Binary Interface (ABI) for research projects at all scales. The library supports multi-platform development and currently works on Windows, Unix, GNU/Linux, and Real-Time Executive for Multiprocessor Systems (RTEMS). This library is made available under LGPL version 2.1 license.

  19. Standard Operating Procedure

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-01-01

    l^m .:#,"■• y’’:>’£l’S ABO GROUP CONFIRMED |[ Rh OF .NEGATIVE UNITS CONFIRMED fe^/w’H’o’^Ä^ ■ •:.■.■:•• •■’ .Tv-v^l^.>’-V.^^V’ir;i-.^K-V.^’vV-i...using 0.02 ml of whole blood diluted with 5.98 ml of Drabkin’s reagent (1:251 dilution). 51 I. Measure the supernatant hemoglobin concentration...34NcUiod fef*ɜ 17-0? STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE Red Blood Cells Collected in the CPDA-1 800 ml Primary PVC Plastic Bag Collection System and

  20. Microfabricated ion frequency standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwindt, Peter; Biedermann, Grant; Blain, Matthew G.; Stick, Daniel L.; Serkland, Darwin K.; Olsson, III, Roy H.

    2010-12-28

    A microfabricated ion frequency standard (i.e. an ion clock) is disclosed with a permanently-sealed vacuum package containing a source of ytterbium (Yb) ions and an octupole ion trap. The source of Yb ions is a micro-hotplate which generates Yb atoms which are then ionized by a ultraviolet light-emitting diode or a field-emission electron source. The octupole ion trap, which confines the Yb ions, is formed from suspended electrodes on a number of stacked-up substrates. A microwave source excites a ground-state transition frequency of the Yb ions, with a frequency-doubled vertical-external-cavity laser (VECSEL) then exciting the Yb ions up to an excited state to produce fluorescent light which is used to tune the microwave source to the ground-state transition frequency, with the microwave source providing a precise frequency output for the ion clock.

  1. Wavelength standards in the infrared

    CERN Document Server

    Rao, KN

    2012-01-01

    Wavelength Standards in the Infrared is a compilation of wavelength standards suitable for use with high-resolution infrared spectrographs, including both emission and absorption standards. The book presents atomic line emission standards of argon, krypton, neon, and xenon. These atomic line emission standards are from the deliberations of Commission 14 of the International Astronomical Union, which is the recognized authority for such standards. The text also explains the techniques employed in determining spectral positions in the infrared. One of the techniques used includes the grating con

  2. 23 CFR 625.4 - Standards, policies, and standard specifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) Accommodation of Utilities, refer to 23 CFR part 645, subpart B. (8) Pavement Design, refer to 23 CFR part 626... TRAFFIC OPERATIONS DESIGN STANDARDS FOR HIGHWAYS § 625.4 Standards, policies, and standard specifications.... (a) Roadway and appurtenances. (1) A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, AASHTO...

  3. 77 FR 43196 - Minimum Internal Control Standards and Technical Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ... COMMISSION 25 CFR Parts 543 and 547 Minimum Internal Control Standards and Technical Standards AGENCY... . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Part 543 addresses minimum internal control standards (MICS) for Class II gaming operations. The regulations require tribes to establish controls and implement procedures at least...

  4. Hydropower Reservoir Operation using Standard Operating and Standard Hedging Policies

    OpenAIRE

    T.R. Neelakantan; K. Sasireka

    2013-01-01

    Standard operating policy and hedging policies are commonly used for reservoir operation for municipal or irrigation water supply. Application of these policies to hydropower reservoir operation is complex. In this paper, new standard operating policies and standard hedging policy are proposed for hydropower reservoir operation. The newly proposed policies were applied to the operation of Indira Sagar reservoir in India and demonstrated.

  5. 77 FR 13969 - Revising Standards Referenced in the Acetylene Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-08

    ... the Acetylene Standard AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of... date of its direct final rule that revises the Acetylene Standard for general industry by updating the... that revised the Acetylene Standard for general industry by updating a reference to the Compressed...

  6. 77 FR 13997 - Revising Standards Referenced in the Acetylene Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-08

    ... in the Acetylene Standard AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION... accompanied its direct-final rule revising the Acetylene Standard for general industry. DATES: Effective March...-final rule to update the incorporated references in its Acetylene Standard for general industry at...

  7. 75 FR 5707 - Revising Standards Referenced in the Acetylene Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-04

    ... in the Acetylene Standard AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Labor. ACTION... accompanied its direct-final rule revising the Acetylene Standard for general industry. DATES: As of February...- final rule to update the incorporated references in its Acetylene Standard for general industry at...

  8. Standards and Standard Setting and the Post School Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Michael

    2014-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the role of standards and standard setting in shaping the expansion of post school education in highly unequal society. It draws on an account of the debates and policies on standards in the UK from the 1980's to today and the wider lessons that can be learned from them. It argues that relying on any type of standards…

  9. 40 CFR 467.65 - Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... with emulsions or soaps Chromium 0.205 0.084 Cyanide 0.135 0.056 Zinc 0.681 0.285 TTO 0.32 Oil and... aluminum rod cast Chromium 0.0009 0.0004 Cyanide 0.0006 0.0003 Zinc 0.0029 0.0012 TTO 0.0014 Oil and grease... off-lbs) of aluminum rod cast Chromium 0.086 0.035 Cyanide 0.056 0.024 Zinc 0.283 0.119 TTO 0.134...

  10. "Lose ten lbs in two weeks" Motivation for weight loss affects autobiographical memory in dieters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannessen, Kim Berg; Berntsen, Dorthe

      The purpose of the present study was to examine the connection between motivation and autobiographical memories. Autobiographical memories recalled in response to dieting related versus neutral cue words were compared between a dieting and non-dieting group. Memories recalled in response...... higher on Beck's depression scale and had more recall errors in terms of overgeneral memories than the non-dieting group. The results can be seen to support the concept of current concerns (Klinger, 1978) and the theory of the working self (Conway & Pleydell-Pearce, 2000)....

  11. HOUSEHQJ LBS IN THE “E AMALE METROPOLYI AN AREA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    embodies its own set of subjective value judgments based on experiences. Decisirinsf ... diseases related to the environment, such as malaria, dengue fever, acute respiratory ... health risks and the credibility of the source of the information. ..... There was evidence of concern about the environment that is being passed on to.

  12. "Lose ten lbs in two weeks" Motivation for weight loss affects autobiographical memory in dieters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannessen, Kim Berg; Berntsen, Dorthe

    to dieting related cue words by the dieting group were more self defining, scored higher on the Centrality of Event Scale and contained more body and weight related elements. No differences between the two groups were found on memories recalled in response to the neutral cue words. The dieting group scored...

  13. Radioactivity standardization in South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Simpson, BRS

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available South Africa's national radioactivity measurement standard is maintained at a satellite laboratory in Cape Town by the National Metrology Laboratory (NML) of the Council-for Scientific and Industrial Research. Standardizations are undertaken by a...

  14. Data content standards in Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Cooper, Antony K

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Data content standards tend to be more accessible. Easier to understand. Used directly by many end users. Immediately applicable to Africa. More susceptible to culture and language – Hence, more important to have local standards...

  15. Issues Forum: National Curriculum Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Edward M.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Includes "On the Common Core of Learning" (Kennedy); "Constitutional Implications of National Curriculum Standards" (Arons); "Arguments against National Performance Standards" (Fulk, Mantzicopoulos, Hirth); and "The Painful Lessons of Introducing the National Curriculum in England" (Foster). (SK)

  16. Respiratory Therapy Technology Program Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgia Univ., Athens. Dept. of Vocational Education.

    This publication contains statewide standards for the respiratory therapy technology program in Georgia. The standards are divided into 12 categories: Foundations (philosophy, purpose, goals, program objectives, availability, evaluation; Admissions (admission requirements, provisional admission requirements, recruitment, evaluation and planning);…

  17. Issues Forum: National Curriculum Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Edward M.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Includes "On the Common Core of Learning" (Kennedy); "Constitutional Implications of National Curriculum Standards" (Arons); "Arguments against National Performance Standards" (Fulk, Mantzicopoulos, Hirth); and "The Painful Lessons of Introducing the National Curriculum in England" (Foster). (SK)

  18. Avionics Maintenance Technology Program Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgia Univ., Athens. Dept. of Vocational Education.

    This publication contains statewide standards for the avionics maintenance technology program in Georgia. The standards are divided into the following categories: foundations, diploma/degree (philosophy, purpose, goals, program objectives, availability, evaluation); admissions, diploma/degree (admission requirements, provisional admission…

  19. Minimum quality standards and exports

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This paper studies the interaction of a minimum quality standard and exports in a vertical product differentiation model when firms sell global products. If ex ante quality of foreign firms is lower (higher) than the quality of exporting firms, a mild minimum quality standard in the home market hinders (supports) exports. The minimum quality standard increases quality in both markets. A welfare maximizing minimum quality standard is always lower under trade than under autarky. A minimum quali...

  20. Understanding Comparability of Examination Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coe, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Much of the argument about comparability of examination standards is at cross-purposes; contradictory positions are in fact often both defensible, but they are using the same words to mean different things. To clarify this, two broad conceptualisations of standards can be identified. One sees the standard in the observed phenomena of performance…

  1. Why Adoption of Standards Matters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Journal of Staff Development, 2016

    2016-01-01

    A total of 39 states have adopted, adapted, or endorsed the Standards for Professional Learning, including the standards issued in 2011 (labeled in red) and those published earlier (labeled in blue). Making a commitment to the standards is a commitment to continuous learning for all educators in a school.

  2. Quality measurement of semantic standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Folmer, E.J.A.; Oude Luttighuis, P.H.W.M.; Hillegersberg, J. van

    2010-01-01

    Quality of semantic standards is unadressed in current research while there is an explicit need from standard developers. The business importance is evident since quality of standards will have impact on its diffusion and achieved interoperability in practice. An instrument to measure the quality of

  3. State Standards: Authenticity vs. Diversity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidson, Marcia R.; Howell, Kenneth W.

    1997-01-01

    Reviews problems with the current movement to use national standards and performance assessment to reform education and the impact of the standards on students with disabilities. The characteristics of standards, as they are currently being employed, are discussed, along with issues related to measurement, reliability, and validity. (Author/CR)

  4. PUBLISHER'S ANNOUNCEMENT: Refereeing standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bender, C.; Scriven, N.

    2004-08-01

    Wuppertal, Germany (Chaotic and Complex Systems); F W Nijhoff, University of Leeds, UK (Mathematical Physics); G Ghirardi, Universita di Trieste, Italy (Quantum Mechanics and Quantum Information Theory); G Dunne, University of Connecticut, Storrs, USA (Classical and Quantum Field Theory); and L Turner, Los Alamos National Laboratory, NM, USA (Fluid and Plasma Theory). It will be an honour and a pleasure to work together with all these talented people towards the high-minded goal of running a world-class scientific journal. As Editor-in-Chief of J. Phys. A, my principal objective will be to raise the standards of this first-rate journal to even higher levels by raising the quality of accepted papers. I believe that this goal will be possible to accomplish. Despite an already high rejection rate, paper submissions are rising rapidly and I anticipate that we will need to be even more stringent in our assessment of quality next year. A letter has already been sent to referees urging them to raise their standards for acceptance. I believe we will make rapid progress in this direction. (I have heard a few people criticize the journal for being a `write-only' journal. My goal is for the worldwide community of mathematical physicists to view J. Phys. A as essential reading.) I am extremely optimistic about the future of J. Phys. A. I believe that we will raise the standards of acceptance while maintaining the short time from submission to decision. I am confident that we will continue to improve the quality of the papers published in this already first-class journal. I look forward to working with the journal's excellent staff, the Board of Editors, and the Advisory Panel.

  5. Negotiation Mechanism of AVS Standardization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Su Junbin

    2007-01-01

    @@ 1. Introduction The mission of the Audio Video Coding Standard (AVS) Working Group of China is to develop AVS standards drafts and deliver them to the national standardization administration authorities. Since its establishment in 2002, the AVS Working Group has developed rapidly, growing from 33 members in 2003 to 153 in 2006. By the end of 2006, it had put forward for approval nine standards drafts (Table 1) with Part 2 of the AVS 1.0 draft approved as a national standard in February 2006.

  6. Vocational High School Effectiveness Standard ISO 9001: 2008 for Achievement Content Standards, Standard Process and Competency Standards Graduates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yeni Ratih Pratiwi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Efektivitas Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan Berstandar ISO 9001:2008 terhadap Pencapaian Standar Isi, Standar Proses dan Standar Kompetensi Lulusan Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine differences in the effectiveness of the achievement of the content standards, process standards, and competency standards in vocational already standard ISO 9001: 2008 with CMS that has not been standardized ISO 9001: 2008 both in public schools and private schools. Data collection using the questionnaire enclosed Likert scale models. Analysis of data using one-way ANOVA using SPSS. The results showed: (1 there is no difference in effectiveness between public SMK ISO standard ISO standards with private SMK (P = 0.001; (2 there are differences in the effectiveness of public SMK SMK ISO standards with ISO standards have not (P = 0.000; (3 there are differences in the effectiveness of public SMK ISO standards with private vocational yet ISO standards (P = 0.000; (4 there are differences in the effectiveness of the private vocational school with vocational standard ISO standard ISO country has not (P = 0.015; (5 there are differences in the effectiveness of the private vocational bertandar ISO with private vocational yet standardized ISO (P = 0.000; (6 there was no difference in the effectiveness of public SMK has not been standardized by the ISO standard ISO private SMK yet. Key Words: vocational high school standards ISO 9001: 2008, the standard content, process standards, competency standards Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui perbedaan efektivitas pencapaian standar isi, standar proses, dan standar kompetensi lulusan pada SMK yang sudah berstandar ISO 9001:2008 dengan SMK yang belum berstandar ISO 9001:2008 baik pada sekolah negeri maupun sekolah swasta. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuisioner tertutup model skala likert. Analisis data menggunakan ANOVA one way menggunakan program SPSS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 ada perbedaan

  7. Standardization Bossts SGGCC Fast Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    OverviewDuring the development of State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC),standardization work is always highlighted,adhering to standardization planning as a focus in standardization work,centered on technology R&D,grid construction,production & operation,industrial development,etc.,SGCC set up a technology standards system with production process as a main line and featured by "Vertical in the end,lateral to the edge",and launched STATE GRID Corporation of China of Technical Standards System.

  8. ASHRAE Standard 62: tobacco industry's influence over national ventilation standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bialous, S Aguinaga; Glantz, S A

    2002-12-01

    To describe the role of the tobacco industry in the development of ventilation standards for indoor air quality by influencing the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). Review of tobacco industry documents available on the internet between January 2001 and March 2002. Search terms included "ASHRAE", "ventilation", "minutes", "memo", and the names of key players and organisations as identified in the initial searches. Analysis of ASHRAE and other relevant documents publicly available and the personal files of a Standard 62 committee member; interviews of a selected number of ASHRAE players; observation of an ASHRAE meeting. The tobacco industry has been involved in the development of ventilation standards for over 20 years. It has successfully influenced the standard and continues to attempt to change the standard from a smoke-free framework into an "accommodation" framework. The industry acts directly and through consultants and allies. The major health groups have been largely absent and the health interests have been poorly represented in standard development. While concentrated in the USA, ASHRAE standards are adopted worldwide. The tobacco industry determined that allowing smoking in ventilation standards for indoor air quality was a high priority and dedicated significant human and financial resources to ensure that its interests were represented. The health groups, until recently, have largely ignored the policy implications for tobacco control of standard development. This situation is changing, but unless health groups maintain high visibility within ASHRAE, the tobacco industry may succeed in creating a standard that ignores the dangers of secondhand smoke.

  9. Comparison of CRBRP standards to DOE prescribed standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ogg, W W; Copeland, G S

    1983-09-02

    The tables list standards committed to by CRBRP in its design documents, its Environmental Report, and its Preliminary Safety Analysis Report. The compilation of these standards has been placed in column form beside the column of prescribed standards listed under the various headings of Chapter 1 of DOE's Order 5480.1A, Environmental Protection, Safety, and Health Protection Program for DOE Operations. (The DOE standards listed, however, include all those in the other applicable chapters of 5480.1A as mandated in Chapter 1.) There are some CRBRP systems which are impacted very little, if any, by the safety requirements of 5480.1A's prescribed standards. The standards committed to in those systems are, consequently, not included in this comparison. The comparison is made in detail, however, for standards committed to in those systems of CRBRP having areas of safety corresponding to DOE's jurisdiction/requirements as opposed to areas covered only by the USNRC's jurisdiction/regulations. Included in this document are: (1) a table listing titles of the standards not already listed in the comparison table, and (2) a list of acronyms. It seems apparent by the comparison that CRBRP meets the DOE requirement that the Project standards be equal or better (more conservative) than DOE's own prescribed standards.

  10. Standards and Standard Setting and the Post School Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Michael

    2014-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the role of standards and standard setting in shaping the expansion of post school education in highly unequal society. It draws on an account of the debates and policies on standards in the UK from the 1980's to today and the wider lessons that can be learned from them. It argues that relying on any type of…

  11. The IFC standard - a review of history, development, and standardization

    OpenAIRE

    Laakso, Mikael; Kiviniemi, Arto

    2012-01-01

    IFC (Industry Foundation Classes) is an open and standardized data model intended to enable interoperability between building information modeling software applications in the AEC/FM industry. IFC has been in development by an industry consortium since 1994, and since the start of the effort, the evolving industry context, standardization organization, resource availability, and technology development have exposed the standardization process to a dynamic environment. While the overarching mis...

  12. OPINIONSCONCERNINGTHE ORGANIZATIONOF STANDARD COSTS ACCOUNTANCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Ionescu

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this research is to present a way for organizing the accountancy under the conditions of applying the method of standard costs, such that to allow both the registration of standard and effective costs and the separate registration of the deviations from standard costs. Making some pertinent and performance decisions is mainly influenced by the quality of the information provided to managers and by the promptitude they are sent. This desiderate is not possible if using classical methods for calculating costs, reason for which it is mandatory to organize and implement a managerial accountancy, based on using a modern method, namely the method of standard costs. The main implications of this method consist of establishing a pertinent cost, orientated towards the entity management, regardless the activity domain where it is implemented. The carried out study concerns only one of the phases performed for applying the method of standard cost, respectively the organization of the standard costs accountancy.

  13. Standards for bullets and casings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.F Song

    2002-11-01

    The Office of Law Enforcement Standards (OLES at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST manages research in many different disciplines of forensic science. One of these projects supports the National Integrated Ballistics Information Network (NIBIN. NIST digitized six bullet signatures from samples provided by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms (ATF and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI. Using these signatures as a virtual standard, NIST’s Instrument Shop manufactured 20 reference materials (RM 8240 standard bullets using a numerically-controlled diamond turning machine. Test results show high reproducibility of the bullet signatures on standard bullets. NIST has also developed a new parameter for bullet signature comparisons, using autocorrelation functions, and proposed a diagram for tracing local ballistics measurements to the National Laboratory Center of the ATF and to the FBI. Using an electro-forming process, NIST has manufactured prototype standard casings and test results show high reproducibility for the casing signatures.

  14. Should standardized tests be cancelled?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石青

    2014-01-01

    Standardized testing is a common way of determining the intelligence of test-takers and has been existed for centuries. Due to its unique characteristics, people feel stressful to take these tests. Therefore, whether the standardized testing should be cancelled has become a heated issue in recent years. This paper will first give a brief introduction about the definition of standardized tests and then analyzes their pros and cons, to discuss the necessity of its existence.

  15. Experimental Standards in Sustainability Transitions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hale, Lara Anne

    of technological standards for sustainable building. Launching from a critical realist social ontology, I collected ethnographic data on the Active House Alliance, its cofounder VELUX, and three of their demonstration building projects in Austria, Germany, and Belgium over the course of three years from 2013...... to 2016. In light of the literature on standards and global experimental governance (GXG), I explicate how experiments unfold processually and how standards makers adjust the standard’s development to learnings and social insights from these experiments....

  16. 76 FR 75840 - Revising Standards Referenced in the Acetylene Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-05

    ... the Acetylene Standard AGENCY: Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of... rulemaking, the Agency is proposing to revise its Acetylene Standard for general industry by updating a... Companion Proposed Rule C. Request for Comment III. Summary and Explanation of Revisions to the...

  17. Radiological Calibration and Standards Facility

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — PNNL maintains a state-of-the-art Radiological Calibration and Standards Laboratory on the Hanford Site at Richland, Washington. Laboratory staff provide expertise...

  18. IMPLEMENTING A RISK MANAGEMENT STANDARD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Constantin PREDA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available After risk management “conquered” more and more project managers’ minds and showed its benefits for business and programs, the need to have a global risk management standard has become a crucial issue in the world of risk management. But having a global risk management standard has been a big challenge, starting from the decision of developing the standard (March-June 2005, to the moment of publishing it, November 2009. So, developing the ISO 31000:2009 standard has been more or less like a bumpy ride. Apparently, the people involved in developing the global risk management standard understood from the very beginning that no challenges are too big, nor any tasks too small and that the task of having a new, comprehensive global risk management standard should be completed with excellence: defining the principles and the framework guiding the risk management process applicable for all type of organizations and for a wide range of activities. Coming up with a global standard should always be based on the real organizations’ needs and should fulfill real risk management requirements. The article is trying to present the pros and cons of risk management standard implementation, challenging the implementation process itself and the added value of implementing the standard due to the lack of implementation enablers, like risk culture, a real problem especially in an international environment.

  19. Data converters for wireless standards

    CERN Document Server

    Shi, Chunlei

    2002-01-01

    Wireless communication is witnessing tremendous growth with proliferation of different standards covering wide, local and personal area networks (WAN, LAN and PAN). The trends call for designs that allow 1) smooth migration to future generations of wireless standards with higher data rates for multimedia applications, 2) convergence of wireless services allowing access to different standards from the same wireless device, 3) inter-continental roaming. This requires designs that work across multiple wireless standards, can easily be reused, achieve maximum hardware share at a minimum power consumption levels particularly for mobile battery-operated devices.

  20. [Quality standards for medical laboratories].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascal, P; Beyerle, F

    2006-07-01

    In France, medical laboratories must engage a quality approach according to the standard guide de bonne exécution des analyses (GBEA) and, for hospital laboratories, according to the Agence nationale d'évaluation en santé (Anaes). Except the GBEA and the Anaes handbook, which are obligatory standards by regulations, the biologists can choose, for a complementary and voluntary quality process, between the standards ISO 9001, ISO 17025 or ISO 15189. Our aim is to shed light on the advantages of these five standards by realizing a comparative study of their requirements. This work enabled us to highlight a great number of similarities and to raise the characteristics of these five standards. According to their objectives, the biologists will choose a recognition of their quality management system with an ISO 9001 certification or a recognition extended to the technical skills with an ISO 17025 or ISO 15189 accreditation. The contents of these last two documents are rather close and both integrate requirements of the standard ISO 9001. The standard ISO 17025 is, at first sight, rather distant from the biological analysis, requiring many efforts of adaptation, just like the ISO 9001 standard. The standard ISO 15189 seems to be well adapted but more constraining seeing the details requirements level needed. It necessitates a perfect control of the preanalytical phase, which is difficult to acquire in a clinical framework where the biological fluids are not taken by the laboratory staff.

  1. The Emerging JBIG2 Standard

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Howard, P.; Kossentini, F.; Martins, Bo

    1998-01-01

    The Joint Bi-level Image Experts Group (JBIG), an international study group affiliated with ISO/IEC and ITU-T, is in the process of drafting a new standard for lossy and lossless compression of bi-level images. The new standard, informally referred to as JBIG2, will support model-based coding...... for text and halftones to permit compression ratios up to three times those of existing standards for lossless compression. JBIG2 will also permit lossy preprocessing without specifying how it is to be done. In this case compression ratios up to eight times those of existing standards may be obtained...

  2. The Future of Geospatial Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bermudez, L. E.; Simonis, I.

    2016-12-01

    The OGC is an international not-for-profit standards development organization (SDO) committed to making quality standards for the geospatial community. A community of more than 500 member organizations with more than 6,000 people registered at the OGC communication platform drives the development of standards that are freely available for anyone to use and to improve sharing of the world's geospatial data. OGC standards are applied in a variety of application domains including Environment, Defense and Intelligence, Smart Cities, Aviation, Disaster Management, Agriculture, Business Development and Decision Support, and Meteorology. Profiles help to apply information models to different communities, thus adapting to particular needs of that community while ensuring interoperability by using common base models and appropriate support services. Other standards address orthogonal aspects such as handling of Big Data, Crowd-sourced information, Geosemantics, or container for offline data usage. Like most SDOs, the OGC develops and maintains standards through a formal consensus process under the OGC Standards Program (OGC-SP) wherein requirements and use cases are discussed in forums generally open to the public (Domain Working Groups, or DWGs), and Standards Working Groups (SWGs) are established to create standards. However, OGC is unique among SDOs in that it also operates the OGC Interoperability Program (OGC-IP) to provide real-world testing of existing and proposed standards. The OGC-IP is considered the experimental playground, where new technologies are researched and developed in a user-driven process. Its goal is to prototype, test, demonstrate, and promote OGC Standards in a structured environment. Results from the OGC-IP often become requirements for new OGC standards or identify deficiencies in existing OGC standards that can be addressed. This presentation will provide an analysis of the work advanced in the OGC consortium including standards and testbeds

  3. Standards Writers Wade into Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gewertz, Catherine

    2011-01-01

    New guidelines on crafting curriculum materials for the common standards in English/language arts are reigniting debate about how to ensure a marketplace of good instructional materials for the new standards without crossing the line into telling teachers how to teach. The focal point of the conversations is a set of "publishers' criteria" issued…

  4. NIH Standard. Animal Care Equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Institutes of Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD. Office of Administrative Management.

    The National Institutes of Health standardized animal care equipment is presented in this catalog. Each piece of equipment is illustrated and described in terms of overall dimensions, construction, and general usage. A price list is included to estimate costs in budgeting, planning, and requisitioning animal care equipment. The standards and…

  5. Standards and (self)implosion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøgger, Katja; Staunæs, Dorthe

    2015-01-01

    of standards often tends to conceptualize the travelling of standards as contagious processes resulting in epidemic spreads. In this article, the abstract metaphor of epidemic spread is replaced by an analytical configuration of a new mode of educational governance in which orchestrating webs of incentives...

  6. Standards for Graph Algorithm Primitives

    OpenAIRE

    Mattson, Tim; Bader, David; Berry, Jon; Buluc, Aydin; Dongarra, Jack; Faloutsos, Christos; Feo, John; Gilbert, John; Gonzalez, Joseph; Hendrickson, Bruce; Kepner, Jeremy; Leiserson, Charles; Lumsdaine, Andrew; Padua, David; Poole, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    It is our view that the state of the art in constructing a large collection of graph algorithms in terms of linear algebraic operations is mature enough to support the emergence of a standard set of primitive building blocks. This paper is a position paper defining the problem and announcing our intention to launch an open effort to define this standard.

  7. GAIA Service and Standard Assessment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dormann, Claire; Øst, Alexander Gorm

    A delivery from the ACTS-project GAIA. The report validates the gAIA architecture and standard. It provides results concerning the deployment of distributed brokerage systems over broadband networks.......A delivery from the ACTS-project GAIA. The report validates the gAIA architecture and standard. It provides results concerning the deployment of distributed brokerage systems over broadband networks....

  8. When a Standard Candle Flickers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson-Hodge, Colleen A; Cherry, Michael L; Case, Gary L;

    2011-01-01

    The Crab Nebula is the only hard X-ray source in the sky that is both bright enough and steady enough to be easily used as a standard candle. As a result, it has been used as a normalization standard by most X-ray/gamma-ray telescopes. Although small-scale variations in the nebula are well known,...

  9. On Standardized Testing. ERIC Digest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrone, Vito

    This ERIC Digest was adapted from the Association for Childhood Education International's (ACEI) 1991 position paper on standardized testing. Since the publication of "A Nation at Risk" in 1983, standardized testing programs have expanded greatly. Tests may be of pencil-and-paper or performance-oriented varieties. The purposes of tests…

  10. Standardization of Keyword Search Mode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Di

    2010-01-01

    In spite of its popularity, keyword search mode has not been standardized. Though information professionals are quick to adapt to various presentations of keyword search mode, novice end-users may find keyword search confusing. This article compares keyword search mode in some major reference databases and calls for standardization. (Contains 3…

  11. Electrical Safety Standards in focus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ A forum, the IEC/ACOS Workshop Ⅷ-IEC safety standards in support of regulatory requirements, was held on May 22nd-23rd 2006 in Beijing to cerate an environment for technical exchange between the regulators and the standard developers with its theme on the following regards :

  12. Energy informatics: Fundamentals and standardization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biyao Huang

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Based on international standardization and power utility practices, this paper presents a preliminary and systematic study on the field of energy informatics and analyzes boundary expansion of information and energy system, and the convergence of energy system and ICT. A comprehensive introduction of the fundamentals and standardization of energy informatics is provided, and several key open issues are identified.

  13. Why We Need "Academic" Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandal, Matthew

    1995-01-01

    What William Spady calls "educentric" standards are clear, rigorous, discipline-based principles that will help prepare students for any future direction. The American Federation of Teachers supports the standards movement because members want all kids to have access to a rich and challenging curriculum and be motivated to achieve at…

  14. Mapping standards for home networking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaa, G. van de; Hartog, F.T.H. den; Vries, H.J. de

    2009-01-01

    In this study, we apply a step-by-step approach for the identification of standards for home networking. We develop a classification and we use this classification to categorize sixty-four (sets of) standards. By developing this categorization, we have brought order to the chaos of home networking s

  15. Standardization of Vipera ammodytes antiserum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaceva, Z; Manahilov, R

    1967-01-01

    The determination of the activity of viper antiserum in terms of the effective dose against 1 minimum lethal dose (MLD) of venom often leads to results which are not very reproducible. The present study concerns the preparation of a standard Vipera ammodytes antiserum and the choice of a suitable venom test dose. Portions of purified, concentrated antiserum were distributed into vacuum-sealed ampoules for use as a standard, and the amounts of this standard antiserum needed to neutralize various amounts of ammodytes venom were determined. The antivenin unit (AU) was fixed at 1.90 mg; 1 AU is the amount of standard serum required to protect 50% of white mice weighing 18 g against 0.05 mg (5 MLD) of venom. The use of the standard antiserum for titration of crude antisera in terms of this AU is described.

  16. The Economics of Standards and Standardization in Information and Communication Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Mogens Kuhn; Fomin, Vladislav V.

    2006-01-01

    Standards have proven themselves indispensable to the industrial revolution. How are standards developed today? What does the economics of standards tell about the impact of standards upon economic growth and productivity? Do standards influence industry innovation? How are the standardization...

  17. ASHRAE Standard 62: tobacco industry's influence over national ventilation standards

    OpenAIRE

    Bialous, S.; Glantz, S

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To describe the role of the tobacco industry in the development of ventilation standards for indoor air quality by influencing the American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE).

  18. Military Standard Generic Transformed Data Base Design Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-12-17

    Image Filter Condition Field n IMFLTn Standard Image Filter Code Field n NLUTSn Number of LUTs Field [always 0 or 1] for each LUT NELUTi Number of LUT...IFCn Image Filter Condition IMFLTn Standard Image Filter Code NLUTSn Number of LUTs [SIF/HDI defaults to 0] for each LUT m NELUTM Number of LUT...flexible by design and accomodates traceability, security information, caopressed imagery, encrypted imagery, multi-band imagery and image filter conditions

  19. "There's Nothing Standard about Standards": Exploring Tensions between Two Standards Documents in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourke, Terri; Carter, Jennifer

    2016-01-01

    Quality in education at the tertiary level is constantly questioned, and increasingly "professional standards" are offered as the solution to the perceived decline in quality. Foucauldian archaeological analysis of teacher graduate and geography graduate standards in Australia is conducted, revealing tensions between the different…

  20. Welfare standards in hospital mergers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katona, Katalin; Canoy, Marcel

    2013-08-01

    There is a broad literature on the consequences of applying different welfare standards in merger control. Total welfare is usually defined as the sum of consumer and provider surplus, i.e., potential external effects are not considered. The general result is then that consumer welfare is a more restrictive standard than total welfare, which is advantageous in certain situations. This relationship between the two standards is not necessarily true when the merger has significant external effects. We model mergers on hospital markets and allow for not-profit-maximizing behavior of providers and mandatory health insurance. Mandatory health insurance detaches the financial and consumption side of health care markets, and the concept consumer in merger control becomes non-evident. Patients not visiting the merging hospitals still are affected by price changes through their insurance premiums. External financial effects emerge on not directly affected consumers. We show that applying a restricted interpretation of consumer (neglecting externality) in health care merger control can reverse the relation between the two standards; consumer welfare standard can be weaker than total welfare. Consequently, applying the wrong standard can lead to both clearing socially undesirable and to blocking socially desirable mergers. The possible negative consequences of applying a simple consumer welfare standard in merger control can be even stronger when hospitals maximize quality and put less weight on financial considerations. We also investigate the implications of these results for the practice of merger control.

  1. Outer Space Traffic Safety Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larsen, Paul B.

    2013-09-01

    Management of traffic in outer space is a major safety problem. Traffic is increasing. Most satellites are navigable but they have to co-exist with space debris which is not navigable. We need minimum safety rules for outer space traffic. We have the possible beginnings of international safety standards in the form of national space object tracking; Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) standardization through ICAO and the International Committee on GNSS (ICG); the IADC space debris guidelines; and the proposed Code of Conduct. However, safety could be improved by standards for such activities as licensing launches of satellites into outer space; standards for accident investigation and search and rescue: operational safety zones around space objects such as the International Space Station. This paper describes legal authority for minimum safety standards. It considers safety standards established by private agreements among commercial operators. Finally it examines a number of options for an international forum to establish safety standards, including self-regulation, COPUOS, ICAO, ITU, a space code of conduct, and a new space organization.

  2. Global Standards of Market Civilization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fund's capacity to formulate a global standard of civilization in its reform programs; and problems in the development of the global trade, including the issue of intellectual property rights. This book will be of strong interest to students and scholars in wide range of fields relating to the study......Global Standards of Market Civilization brings together leading scholars, representing a range of political views, to investigate how global 'standards of market civilization' have emerged, their justification, and their political, economic and social impact. Key chapters show how as the modern...

  3. Atlas C++ Coding Standard Specification

    CERN Document Server

    Albrand, S; Barberis, D; Bosman, M; Jones, B; Stavrianakou, M; Arnault, C; Candlin, D; Candlin, R; Franck, E; Hansl-Kozanecka, Traudl; Malon, D; Qian, S; Quarrie, D; Schaffer, R D

    2001-01-01

    This document defines the ATLAS C++ coding standard, that should be adhered to when writing C++ code. It has been adapted from the original "PST Coding Standard" document (http://pst.cern.ch/HandBookWorkBook/Handbook/Programming/programming.html) CERN-UCO/1999/207. The "ATLAS standard" comprises modifications, further justification and examples for some of the rules in the original PST document. All changes were discussed in the ATLAS Offline Software Quality Control Group and feedback from the collaboration was taken into account in the "current" version.

  4. New Gasoline Standard in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ The Chinese government will reduce sulfur levels of lead-free gasoline to 150 parts per million (ppm) in the revised gas standard for the purpose to help improve air quality. The revised lead-free gas standard, to be announced by the end of this year, will drive gas with sulfur levels of 500 ppm out of market on Dec. 31,2009, said Li Xinmin, deputy director of the pollution control department of the State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA), at a recent symposium on automobile pollution control. The new standard would meet the Euro-Ⅲ emission norm, which constrained sulfur levels to 150 ppm maximum.

  5. National Green Building Standard Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2012-07-01

    DOE's Building America Program is a research and development program to improve the energy performance of new and existing homes. The ultimate goal of the Building America Program is to achieve examples of cost-effective, energy efficient solutions for all U.S. climate zones. Periodic maintenance of an ANSI standard by review of the entire document and action to revise or reaffirm it on a schedule not to exceed five years is required by ANSI. In compliance, a consensus group has once again been formed and the National Green Building Standard is currently being reviewed to comply with the periodic maintenance requirement of an ANSI standard.

  6. Performance standard for dose Calibrator

    CERN Document Server

    Darmawati, S

    2002-01-01

    Dose calibrator is an instrument used in hospitals to determine the activity of radionuclide for nuclear medicine purposes. International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) has published IEC 1303:1994 standard that can be used as guidance to test the performance of the instrument. This paper briefly describes content of the document,as well as explains the assessment that had been carried out to test the instrument accuracy in Indonesia through intercomparison measurement.Its is suggested that hospitals acquire a medical physicist to perform the test for its dose calibrator. The need for performance standard in the form of Indonesia Standard is also touched.

  7. Standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Jacobs

    1993-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the aims of ALT is to promote good practice in the use of learning technology within higher education. Few would not subscribe to this aim, but proclaiming it without a full awareness of the problems it entails is of the same order as proclaiming one's commitment to Peace without further comment. Except for the absolute pacifist, being against war does not mean being against it at any price, but rather being committed to ensuring circumstances in which war will not occur. So it is with good practice in educational technology, which can be achieved only if circumstances are propitious. Such circumstances include sufficient funds, and a willingness in both teacher and learner to accept in whole or in part a technological route – good practice is unlikely to be achieved if technology has been incorporated into the curriculum merely in order to ensure that funds already spent do not appear to have been wasted. Above all, in my view, good practice assumes that users of learning technology are able to concentrate on learning without (necessarily thinking about the technology, since if the technology cannot be made to work transparently, actual practice will at best lag behind ideal practice, and at worst be abandoned altogether. Impatience is a barrier to learning, and particularly if it is the result of struggling with the learning tools themselves. If the teacher or learner is constantly having to tweak the technology, or ending up with a half-baked implementation because the setting-up process has proven too difficult, the learning tool may well be left to gather dust.

  8. Physics beyond the Standard Model

    CERN Document Server

    Valle, José W F

    1991-01-01

    We discuss some of the signatures associated with extensions of the Standard Model related to the neutrino and electroweak symmetry breaking sectors, with and without supersymmetry. The topics include a basic discussion of the theory of neutrino mass and the corresponding extensions of the Standard Model that incorporate massive neutrinos; an overview of the present observational status of neutrino mass searches, with emphasis on solar neutrinos, as well the as cosmological data on the amplitude of primordial density fluctuations; the implications of neutrino mass in cosmological nucleosynthesis, non-accelerator, as well as in high energy particle collider experiments. Turning to the electroweak breaking sector, we discuss the physics potential for Higgs boson searches at LEP200, including Majoron extensions of the Standard Model, and the physics of invisibly decaying Higgs bosons. We discuss the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model phenomenology, as well as some of the laboratory signatures that would be as...

  9. Tests on standard concrete samples

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN PhotoLab

    1973-01-01

    Compression and tensile tests on standard concrete samples. The use of centrifugal force in tensile testing has been developed by the SB Division and the instruments were built in the Central workshops.

  10. Digital forensic standards: international progress

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Grobler, MM

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available With the explosion of digital crime, digital forensics is more often applied. The digital forensic discipline developed rather rapidly, but up to date very little international standardization with regard to processes, procedures or management has...

  11. Global Standards of Market Civilization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Global Standards of Market Civilization brings together leading scholars, representing a range of political views, to investigate how global 'standards of market civilization' have emerged, their justification, and their political, economic and social impact. Key chapters show how as the modern...... thought, as well as its historical application part II presents original case studies that demonstrate the emergence of such standards and explore the diffusion of liberal capitalist ideas through the global political economy and the consequences for development and governance; the International Monetary...... Fund's capacity to formulate a global standard of civilization in its reform programs; and problems in the development of the global trade, including the issue of intellectual property rights. This book will be of strong interest to students and scholars in wide range of fields relating to the study...

  12. On Internationalization of Accounting Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Shuyun; Yuncheng

    2007-01-01

    @@ World economy globalization highlighted with deregulation of trade, capital movement and financing has been the dominant trend under the push of rapid growing of modern information technology,creating a urgent demand for internationalized accounting standards.

  13. Radiation control standards and procedures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1956-12-14

    This manual contains the Radiation Control Standards'' and Radiation Control Procedures'' at Hanford Operations which have been established to provide the necessary control radiation exposures within Irradiation Processing Department. Provision is also made for including, in the form of Bulletins'', other radiological information of general interest to IPD personnel. The purpose of the standards is to establish firm radiological limits within which the Irradiation Processing Department will operate, and to outline our radiation control program in sufficient detail to insure uniform and consistent application throughout all IPD facilities. Radiation Control Procedures are intended to prescribe the best method of accomplishing an objective within the limitations of the Radiation Control Standards. A procedure may be changed at any time provided the suggested changes is generally agreeable to management involved, and is consistent with department policies and the Radiation Control Standards.

  14. Ways of standardizing mining regulations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macionga, R.

    1990-07-01

    Deals with ways of improving and standardizing mining regulations in Poland. Shortcomings of existing mining regulations and legal rules are discussed, their main disadvantage being their great multitude and variety. Apart from institutional faults there are also constitutional failures, e.g. exaggerated safety requirements. Another weakness of the existing regulations is the terminology used that is not compatible with standardized mining terminology. Conversion of all regulations, directions and legal acts into standards is recommended as the best means of improvement and the best methods of standarization are suggested. The standards should be issued by only one institution which should be the Higher Mining Office. Establishing Higher and District Mining Offices as the only control structures and a standarized mining law is postulated.

  15. National Library of Standards of CNIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pan Wei; Lu Lili; Li Jing

    2012-01-01

    The National Library of Standards (NLS) of CNIS is a nationallevel standards information research and service institution.The main responsibility of NLS is not only to store standards,but also to provide standards information service for the public.

  16. Towards an international address standard

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Coetzee, S

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Initiative in Section 5, with a focus on the South African National Accessibility Portal component (referred to as NAP) which forms the basis of our research. We present a NAP presentation technology analysis in Section 6. Section 7... in a better user experience. Standards compliance allows for the separation of concerns: HTML for content, Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) for presentation and JavaScript for dynamic behaviour. Standards compliant documents are also...

  17. Enviromental standards and costly monitoring

    OpenAIRE

    1999-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the features of an optimal regulatory policy composed of pollution standards and probabilities of inspection to verify firms' behavior, where fines for noncompliance depend on the degree of violation. We find that the optimal policy can entail either compliance or noncompliance with the enviromental standards, the latter being more plausible when monitoring costs are high and, surprisingly, when fines for noncompliance are also high. In the event the planner has ...

  18. Standard Model Higgs at LEP

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrer-Ribas, E

    2000-01-01

    In 1999 the LEP experiments collected data at centre of mass energies between 192 and 202 GeV for about 900 pb-1 integrated luminosity. Combined results are presented for the search for the Standard Model Higgs boson. No statistically significant excess has been observed when compared to Standard Model background expectation which can be translated into a lower bound on the mass of the Higgs boson at 107.9 GeV/c^2 at 95 % confidence level.

  19. Standardization in optical coating characterisation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    D.Ristau

    2005-01-01

    In the rapid development course of laser technology and modern optics, optical metrology continuously gains importance for the quality management in the industrial production environment and also for research in optical coatings. Besides absorption and scatter losses, the spectral characteristics and laser induced damage thresholds are considered as common quality factors for coated optical components and often define the optimization targets for new products and applications. Also, these quality parameters are the basis for the comparison of commercial optics and can be found in the product catalogues of most manufacturers of optical components. As a consequence, standardization of characterisation procedures for these fundamental properties evolved to a crucial point for the optics industry. During the last decade, adapted standard measurement techniques have been elaborated and discussed by representatives from many industrial companies and research institutes within working groups of the International Organisation for Standardization (ISO). In this contribution, the current state of standardized characterisation techniques for optical coatings is summarised. Selected standards for the measurement of absorption (ISO 11551), scattering (ISO 13696) and laser induced damage thresholds (ISO 11254, Parts 1 and 2) will be described and discussed in view of their applicability and reproducibility. The report will be concluded by an outlook on the current projects and future tasks of standardization in optics characterisation.

  20. CTD writing and editing standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caruthers, C. M.

    1991-03-01

    The Computer and Telecommunication Division (CTD) recognizes that the communication of clear, accurate, reasonably complete information is essential to the success of its Laboratory mission. CTD therefore encourages all Division personnel to adhere to the principles of good writing and to the standards for grammar, usage, style, formats, and publication procedures that are described in CTD Writing and Editing Standards. We encourage CTD personnel to read CTD Writing and Editing Standards and to use it continually as a desktop reference. It will help CTD writers to produce better documents consistent with CTD standards in less time. Applying the principles specified in this document on how to write and organize technical information will speed up the editing, review, and revision processes. CTD Writing and Editing Standards complements the Argonne National Laboratory Technical Publications Guide, which serves as the basic Argonne documentation reference on issues concerning DOE orders and guidelines, NRC directives, and other sponsor requirements. However, this Laboratory-wide document does not address matters of grammar or style. Documents recommended in CTD Writing and Editing Standards are usually available for purchase at the Document Distribution Counter (Building 221, Room A-134) or through the mail (by calling extension 2-5405 and ordering copies).

  1. RAMESES publication standards: realist syntheses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wong Geoff

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is growing interest in realist synthesis as an alternative systematic review method. This approach offers the potential to expand the knowledge base in policy-relevant areas - for example, by explaining the success, failure or mixed fortunes of complex interventions. No previous publication standards exist for reporting realist syntheses. This standard was developed as part of the RAMESES (Realist And MEta-narrative Evidence Syntheses: Evolving Standards project. The project's aim is to produce preliminary publication standards for realist systematic reviews. Methods We (a collated and summarized existing literature on the principles of good practice in realist syntheses; (b considered the extent to which these principles had been followed by published syntheses, thereby identifying how rigor may be lost and how existing methods could be improved; (c used a three-round online Delphi method with an interdisciplinary panel of national and international experts in evidence synthesis, realist research, policy and/or publishing to produce and iteratively refine a draft set of methodological steps and publication standards; (d provided real-time support to ongoing realist syntheses and the open-access RAMESES online discussion list so as to capture problems and questions as they arose; and (e synthesized expert input, evidence syntheses and real-time problem analysis into a definitive set of standards. Results We identified 35 published realist syntheses, provided real-time support to 9 on-going syntheses and captured questions raised in the RAMESES discussion list. Through analysis and discussion within the project team, we summarized the published literature and common questions and challenges into briefing materials for the Delphi panel, comprising 37 members. Within three rounds this panel had reached consensus on 19 key publication standards, with an overall response rate of 91%. Conclusion This project used multiple

  2. Standards in neurosonology. Part I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Wojcza

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specifi c brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method: equipment requirements, patient preparation, study technique and documentation as well as the required elements of ultrasound description. Practical criteria for the diagnosis of certain pathologies in accordance with the latest literature were also presented. Furthermore, additional comments were included in some of the sections. Part I discusses standards for the performance, documentation and description of different ultrasound methods (Duplex, Doppler. Part II and III are devoted to standards for specifi c clinical situations (vasospasm, monitoring after the acute stage of stroke, detection of a right-toleft shunts, confi rmation of the arrest of the cerebral circulation, an assessment of the functional effi ciency of circle of Willis, an assessment of the cerebrovascular vasomotor reserve as well as the measurement of substantia nigra hyperechogenicity.

  3. Standards in neurosonology. Part III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Wojczal

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specific brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method: equipment requirements, patient preparation, study technique and documentation as well as the required elements of ultrasound description. Practical criteria for the diagnosis of certain pathologies in accordance with the latest literature were also presented. Furthermore, additional comments were included in some of the sections. Part I discusses standards for the performance, documentation and description of different ultrasound methods (Duplex, Doppler. Part II and III are devoted to standards for specific clinical situations (vasospasm, monitoring after the acute stage of stroke, detection of a right-to-left shunts, confirmation of the arrest of the cerebral circulation, an assessment of the functional efficiency of circle of Willis, an assessment of the cerebrovascular vasomotor reserve as well as the measurement of substantia nigra hyperechogenicity.

  4. Nuclear Data Verification and Standardization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Karam, Lisa R.; Arif, Muhammad; Thompson, Alan K.

    2011-10-01

    The objective of this interagency program is to provide accurate neutron interaction verification and standardization data for the U.S. Department of Energy Division of Nuclear Physics programs which include astrophysics, radioactive beam studies, and heavy-ion reactions. The measurements made in this program are also useful to other programs that indirectly use the unique properties of the neutron for diagnostic and analytical purposes. These include homeland security, personnel health and safety, nuclear waste disposal, treaty verification, national defense, and nuclear based energy production. The work includes the verification of reference standard cross sections and related neutron data employing the unique facilities and capabilities at NIST and other laboratories as required; leadership and participation in international intercomparisons and collaborations; and the preservation of standard reference deposits. An essential element of the program is critical evaluation of neutron interaction data standards including international coordinations. Data testing of critical data for important applications is included. The program is jointly supported by the Department of Energy and the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

  5. Standards in neurosonology. Part III.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wojczal, Joanna; Tomczyk, Tomasz; Luchowski, Piotr; Kozera, Grzegorz; Kaźmierski, Radosław; Stelmasiak, Zbigniew

    2016-06-01

    The paper presents standards related to ultrasound imaging of the cerebral vasculature and structures. The aim of this paper is to standardize both the performance and description of ultrasound imaging of the extracranial and intracranial cerebral arteries as well as a study of a specific brain structure, i.e. substantia nigra hyperechogenicity. The following aspects are included in the description of standards for each ultrasonographic method: equipment requirements, patient preparation, study technique and documentation as well as the required elements of ultrasound description. Practical criteria for the diagnosis of certain pathologies in accordance with the latest literature were also presented. Furthermore, additional comments were included in some of the sections. Part I discusses standards for the performance, documentation and description of different ultrasound methods (Duplex, Doppler). Part II and III are devoted to standards for specific clinical situations (vasospasm, monitoring after the acute stage of stroke, detection of a right-to-left shunts, confirmation of the arrest of the cerebral circulation, an assessment of the functional efficiency of circle of Willis, an assessment of the cerebrovascular vasomotor reserve as well as the measurement of substantia nigra hyperechogenicity).

  6. Beyond the standard model; Au-dela du modele standard

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cuypers, F. [Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)

    1997-05-01

    These lecture notes are intended as a pedagogical introduction to several popular extensions of the standard model of strong and electroweak interactions. The topics include the Higgs sector, the left-right symmetric model, grand unification and supersymmetry. Phenomenological consequences and search procedures are emphasized. (author) figs., tabs., 18 refs.

  7. The standard model and beyond

    CERN Document Server

    Langacker, Paul

    2017-01-01

    This new edition of The Standard Model and Beyond presents an advanced introduction to the physics and formalism of the standard model and other non-abelian gauge theories. It provides a solid background for understanding supersymmetry, string theory, extra dimensions, dynamical symmetry breaking, and cosmology. In addition to updating all of the experimental and phenomenological results from the first edition, it contains a new chapter on collider physics; expanded discussions of Higgs, neutrino, and dark matter physics; and many new problems. The book first reviews calculational techniques in field theory and the status of quantum electrodynamics. It then focuses on global and local symmetries and the construction of non-abelian gauge theories. The structure and tests of quantum chromodynamics, collider physics, the electroweak interactions and theory, and the physics of neutrino mass and mixing are thoroughly explored. The final chapter discusses the motivations for extending the standard model and examin...

  8. Neutrino and The Standard Model

    CERN Document Server

    Bilenky, S M

    2014-01-01

    After discovery of the Higgs boson at CERN the Standard Model acquired a status of the full, correct theory of the elementary particles in the electroweak range. What general conclusions can be inferred from the SM? I am suggesting here that in the framework of such general principles as local gauge symmetry, unification of the weak and electromagnetic interactions and Brout-Englert-Higgs spontaneous breaking of the electroweak symmetry nature chooses the simplest possibilities. It is very plausible that massless left-handed neutrinos (simplest, most economical possibility) play crucial role in the determination of the charged current structure of the Standard Model and that neutrino properties (masses and nature) are determined by a beyond the Standard Model physics. The discovery of the neutrinoless double $\\beta$-decay and proof that neutrinos with definite masses are Majorana particles would be an important evidence in favor of the considered scenario.

  9. Yoruba Writing: Standards and Trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tèmítọ́pẹ́ Olúmúyìwá Ph.D.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the state of Yorùbá orthography. The first effort at standardizing Yorùbá writing system came in 1875, and there has been a great deal of refinements and orthographies since. Specifically, a great rush of activity in standardizing written Yorùbá came in the years after independence when effort to introduce the teaching of Nigerian languages in schools and the application of those languages to official activities. The present standards were established in 1974, however, there remains a great deal of contention over writing conventions-spelling, grammar, the use of tone marks. The paper explores examples from journalism, religious writing, education and literature, and advertising to demonstrate ongoing deviations from the approved orthography.

  10. 40 CFR 466.14 - Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... average Milligrams per liter (mg/l) Chromium 0.42 0.17 Lead 0.15 0.13 Nickel 1.41 1.00 Zinc 1.33 0.56 (b... Nickel 56.5 1.78 40.1 1.26 Zinc 53.3 1.68 22.5 0.71 English units—lbs/1 million ft 2 of area processed or coated Chromium 3.45 0.11 1.4 0.05 Lead 1.23 0.04 1.07 0.03 Nickel 11.6 0.37 8.20 0.26 Zinc 10.9 0.35...

  11. A Standard Fit for Neoliberalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gibbon, Peter; Henriksen, Lasse Folke

    2012-01-01

    of activity to inspection (or self-inspection), audit, and certification. In the course of their investigations, the elements of a common narrative are emerging. This links standardization, audit, and certification with neoliberalism and contraction of the state, on one hand, with a reconfiguration......Social scientists and historians writing on techniques of contemporary rule, particularly those influenced by post-Marxist paradigms such as governmentality, have become increasingly preoccupied by the expanding role of standardization and the subjection of an ever-expanding array of spheres...

  12. Innovation and de facto standardization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brem, Alexander; Nylund, Petra; Schuster, Gerd

    2016-01-01

    Setting technology standards is the route to market growth and to potentially influencing the performance of a whole industry. When a market accepts a particular technology as one that defines the specifications for products in the entire industry, a dominant design is set. In this article, we...... of the increasing speed of technological development and standardization. Additionally, results from a sensitivity analysis for different threshold values of dominant design call for adjusting a binary definition of dominant design with different threshold values depending on the effects under study....

  13. Energy efficiency standards and innovation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Geoff

    2015-01-01

    Van Buskirk et al (2014 Environ. Res. Lett. 9 114010) demonstrate that the purchase price, lifecycle cost and price of improving efficiency (i.e. the incremental price of efficiency gain) decline at an accelerated rate following the adoption of the first energy efficiency standards for five consumer products. The authors show these trends using an experience curve framework (i.e. price/cost versus cumulative production). While the paper does not draw a causal link between standards and declining prices, they provide suggestive evidence using markets in the US and Europe. Below, I discuss the potential implications of the work.

  14. EASIER ACCESS TO STANDARDS DOCUMENTATION

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    Many organizations issuing standards offer reduced prices for publications to their members. Paying a membership fee, even a site membership fee, can therefore be worthwhile - even if relatively few standards are needed. The Library is now exploring the possibility, in collaboration with the rest of the CERN community, of joining standards-issuing organizations. So why not share your costs with the rest of the organization wherever this can be done without violating copyright or access regulations? The Library now provides documentation and other member services from IPC, the Association Connecting Electronics Industries (http://www.ipc.org/html/fsabout.htm) at favourable prices for the entire CERN population. For more information, or if you are a member of any other organization which provides services which could be shared CERN-wide, please contact library.desk@cern.ch . We remind all users of international standards, that CERN has special agreements with ISO and IEC (see Bulletin 50/2000). You can order st...

  15. The illusory nature of standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linneberg, Mai Skjøtt

    2011-01-01

    are unambiguous and apply across cases. Design/methodology/approach – The paper is primarily theoretical and its analysis is based on conceptual content and extent analysis. For the purpose of illustration, the paper draws on the example of organic agricultural standards. Findings – The author shows how illusion...

  16. Challenges to 5G standardization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mihovska, Albena D.; Prasad, Ramjee

    2013-01-01

    Interoperable, ubiquitous and dynamic are key objectives for fifth-generation (5G) communication systems and applications. These characteristics are also at the core of the main challenges that researchers, manufacturers, regulators and standardization bodies face when designing targeted strategies...... for the successful deployment of 5G enabling technologies....

  17. Diffusion of global sustainability standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schouten, Greetje; Vellema, Sietze; Wijk, van J.

    2016-01-01

    The past two decades saw a rapid proliferation of sustainability standards created by multi-stakeholder partnerships of multinationals and international NGOs. This paper argues that the transformative capacity of these global partnerships to bring about sustainable change largely depends on how w

  18. Item Banking with Embedded Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacCann, Robert G.; Stanley, Gordon

    2009-01-01

    An item banking method that does not use Item Response Theory (IRT) is described. This method provides a comparable grading system across schools that would be suitable for low-stakes testing. It uses the Angoff standard-setting method to obtain item ratings that are stored with each item. An example of such a grading system is given, showing how…

  19. Guidelines for human settlements standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vejledningen er en kortfattet gennemgang af alle de sociale, politiske, økonomiske, administrative og tekniske spørgsmål, der må afklares i de indledende faser af arbejdet med at opstille standards for boliger og for infrastruktur i byudviklingsområder i udviklingslande. Vejledningen er på engels...

  20. Phenomenology beyond the standard model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lykken, Joseph D.; /Fermilab

    2005-03-01

    An elementary review of models and phenomenology for physics beyond the Standard Model (excluding supersymmetry). The emphasis is on LHC physics. Based upon a talk given at the ''Physics at LHC'' conference, Vienna, 13-17 July 2004.

  1. Standard Deviation for Small Samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joarder, Anwar H.; Latif, Raja M.

    2006-01-01

    Neater representations for variance are given for small sample sizes, especially for 3 and 4. With these representations, variance can be calculated without a calculator if sample sizes are small and observations are integers, and an upper bound for the standard deviation is immediate. Accessible proofs of lower and upper bounds are presented for…

  2. Open Source and Open Standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koper, Rob

    2006-01-01

    Publication reference: Koper, R. (2008). Open Source and Open Standards. In J. M. Spector, M. Merrill, J. van Merriënboer & M. P. Driscol (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology (3rd ed., pp. 355-368). New York: Routledge.

  3. A Tale of Two Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Jack

    1998-01-01

    Discusses how attempts to establish a more comprehensive standard have undermined indoor air quality and energy efficiency revisions. Describes the Building Owners and Managers Association's major opposition to the revisions and their complaint that the revisions would require drastic changes in structures. Summarizes the debate about what to do…

  4. Standards for Art Teacher Preparation

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Art Education Association, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The National Art Education Association (NAEA) is committed to ensuring student access to a highly qualified, certified visual arts educator in every K-12 public school across the United States, recognizing that effective arts instruction is a core component to a 21st-century education. "Standards for Art Teacher Preparation" represents the…

  5. Educational Standards for Chiropractic Colleges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Council on Chiropractic Education, Des Moines, IA.

    The policy of accreditation for the chiropractic profession and educational standards for chiropractic colleges are presented. The following types are historical development of chiropractic accreditation; the structure and function of the Council on Chiropractic Education; and eligibility, procedures, and classifications for status as an…

  6. Diffusion of global sustainability standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schouten, Greetje; Vellema, Sietze; Wijk, van J.

    2016-01-01

    The past two decades saw a rapid proliferation of sustainability standards created by multi-stakeholder partnerships of multinationals and international NGOs. This paper argues that the transformative capacity of these global partnerships to bring about sustainable change largely depends on how w

  7. "Arabian Tales": Standards of Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brookshire, Cathy A.

    Virginia Standards of Learning for K-5 are listed in this paper with student activities related to observation of live theatre performances of "Arabian Tales" written and performed by the high school theater touring company, Organized Chaos. This play toured in Virginia in the academic year of 2000-2001. The play runs about 45 minutes.…

  8. Quality and standards in electronics

    CERN Document Server

    Tricker, Ray

    1997-01-01

    A manufacturer or supplier of electronic equipment or components needs to know the precise requirements for component certification and quality conformance to meet the demands of the customer. This book ensures that the professional is aware of all the UK, European and International necessities, knows the current status of these regulations and standards, and where to obtain them.

  9. Today Standards--Tomorrow Success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romer, Roy

    1997-01-01

    Membership in the worldwide community means that students must possess globally competitive skills. In 1993, the author and the Colorado General Assembly worked to pass a comprehensive educational reform strategy that established "model" content standards in mathematics, science, geography, history, reading, and writing. Uniform…

  10. Item Banking with Embedded Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacCann, Robert G.; Stanley, Gordon

    2009-01-01

    An item banking method that does not use Item Response Theory (IRT) is described. This method provides a comparable grading system across schools that would be suitable for low-stakes testing. It uses the Angoff standard-setting method to obtain item ratings that are stored with each item. An example of such a grading system is given, showing how…

  11. Neutrinos and the Standard Model

    CERN Document Server

    Holstein, Barry R

    2000-01-01

    Since their "discovery" by Pauli in 1930, neutrinos have plaed a key part in confirmation of the structure of the standard model of strong and electroweak interactions. After reviewing ways in which this has been manifested in the past, we discuss areas in which neutrinos continue to play this role.

  12. Residential ventilation standards scoping study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McKone, Thomas E.; Sherman, Max H.

    2003-10-01

    The goals of this scoping study are to identify research needed to develop improved ventilation standards for California's Title 24 Building Energy Efficiency Standards. The 2008 Title 24 Standards are the primary target for the outcome of this research, but this scoping study is not limited to that timeframe. We prepared this scoping study to provide the California Energy Commission with broad and flexible options for developing a research plan to advance the standards. This document presents the findings of a scoping study commissioned by the Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) program of the California Energy Commission to determine what research is necessary to develop new residential ventilation requirements for California. This study is one of three companion efforts needed to complete the job of determining the ventilation needs of California residences, determining the bases for setting residential ventilation requirements, and determining appropriate ventilation technologies to meet these needs and requirements in an energy efficient manner. Rather than providing research results, this scoping study identifies important research questions along with the level of effort necessary to address these questions and the costs, risks, and benefits of pursuing alternative research questions. In approaching these questions and corresponding levels of effort, feasibility and timing were important considerations. The Commission has specified Summer 2005 as the latest date for completing this research in time to update the 2008 version of California's Energy Code (Title 24).

  13. Future of Software Engineering Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poon, Peter T.

    1997-01-01

    In the new millennium, software engineering standards are expected to continue to influence the process of producing software-intensive systems which are cost-effetive and of high quality. These sytems may range from ground and flight systems used for planetary exploration to educational support systems used in schools as well as consumer-oriented systems.

  14. Challenges to 5G standardization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mihovska, Albena D.; Prasad, Ramjee

    2013-01-01

    Interoperable, ubiquitous and dynamic are key objectives for fifth-generation (5G) communication systems and applications. These characteristics are also at the core of the main challenges that researchers, manufacturers, regulators and standardization bodies face when designing targeted strategies...... for the successful deployment of 5G enabling technologies....

  15. Impact assessment of commodity standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruben, Ruerd

    2017-01-01

    Voluntary commodity standards are widely used to enhance the performance of tropical agro-food chains and to support the welfare and sustainability of smallholder farmers. Different methods and approaches are used to assess the effectiveness and impact of these certification schemes at

  16. NATO Standards for Virtual Ships

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kraker, J.K. de; Duncan, J.; Budde, E.W.; Reading, R.

    2005-01-01

    The NATO Naval Armaments Group Sub-Group 61 on Virtual Ships has been chartered to establish NATO standards for modeling and simulation applied to ship acquisition. Its objective is to enable multi-national simulation re-use and interoperability, as well as simulation composability. Technical activi

  17. Castles, Kings...and Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, Susan M.

    2001-01-01

    Standards can help integrate a curriculum, as a fourth-grade teacher discovered when implementing a unit on the Middle Ages. Students created a medieval fair that demonstrated their learning in medieval history (social studies), pulleys and gears (science and technology), story telling (language arts), and costume and dance (fine arts). (MLH)

  18. A synthetic zero air standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearce, Ruth

    2016-04-01

    A Synthetic Zero Air Standard R. E. Hill-Pearce, K. V. Resner, D. R. Worton, P. J. Brewer The National Physical Laboratory Teddington, Middlesex TW11 0LW UK We present work towards providing traceability for measurements of high impact greenhouse gases identified by the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) as critical for global monitoring. Standards for these components are required with challengingly low uncertainties to improve the quality assurance and control processes used for the global networks to better assess climate trends. Currently the WMO compatibility goals require reference standards with uncertainties of < 100 nmolmol-1 for CO2 (northern hemisphere) and < 2 nmolmol-1 for CH4 and CO. High purity zero gas is required for both the balance gas in the preparation of reference standards and for baseline calibrations of instrumentation. Quantification of the amount fraction of the target components in the zero gas is a significant contributor to the uncertainty and is challenging due to limited availability of reference standard at the amount fraction of the measurand and limited analytical techniques with sufficient detection limits. A novel dilutor was used to blend NPL Primary Reference Gas Mixtures containing CO2, CH4 and CO at atmospheric amount fractions with a zero gas under test. Several mixtures were generated with nominal dilution ratios ranging from 2000:1 to 350:1. The baseline of two cavity ring down spectrometers was calibrated using the zero gas under test after purification by oxidative removal of CO and hydrocarbons to < 1 nmolmol-1 (SAES PS15-GC50) followed by the removal of CO2 and water vapour to < 100 pmolmol-1 (SAES MC190). Using the standard addition method.[1] we have quantified the amount fraction of CO, CO2, and CH4 in scrubbed whole air (Scott Marrin) and NPL synthetic zero air. This is the first synthetic zero air standard with a matrix of N2, O2 and Ar closely matching ambient composition with gravimetrically assigned

  19. Overview of North American Hydrogen Sensor Standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Malley, Kathleen [SRA International, Inc., Colorado Springs, CO (United States); Lopez, Hugo [UL LLC, Chicago, IL (United States); Cairns, Julie [CSA Group, Cleveland, OH (United States); Wichert, Richard [Professional Engineering, Inc.. Citrus Heights, CA (United States); Rivkin, Carl [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Burgess, Robert [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Buttner, William [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2015-08-11

    An overview of the main North American codes and standards associated with hydrogen safety sensors is provided. The distinction between a code and a standard is defined, and the relationship between standards and codes is clarified, especially for those circumstances where a standard or a certification requirement is explicitly referenced within a code. The report identifies three main types of standards commonly applied to hydrogen sensors (interface and controls standards, shock and hazard standards, and performance-based standards). The certification process and a list and description of the main standards and model codes associated with the use of hydrogen safety sensors in hydrogen infrastructure are presented.

  20. Environmental Health Standards for Human Spacecraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    James John T.

    2010-01-01

    The discussion of air and water quality standards includes evidence-based standards, factors unique to spaceflight, effects from exposures to combinations of compounds, contingency versus nominal standards, tables of ISO standards for air quality (ppm) and water quality (mg/L), and updating of standards.

  1. 29 CFR 1911.12 - Emergency standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Emergency standards. 1911.12 Section 1911.12 Labor... STANDARDS Commencement of Rulemaking § 1911.12 Emergency standards. (a)(1) Whenever an emergency standard is... section 6(b) of the Act, and the standard as published must serve as a proposed rule. Any notice...

  2. A Metadata Standard for Hydroinformatic Data Conforming to International Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Notay, Vikram; Carstens, Georg; Lehfeldt, Rainer

    2017-04-01

    The affordable availability of computing power and digital storage has been a boon for the scientific community. The hydroinformatics community has also benefitted from the so-called digital revolution, which has enabled the tackling of more and more complex physical phenomena using hydroinformatic models, instruments, sensors, etc. With models getting more and more complex, computational domains getting larger and the resolution of computational grids and measurement data getting finer, a large amount of data is generated and consumed in any hydroinformatics related project. The ubiquitous availability of internet also contributes to this phenomenon with data being collected through sensor networks connected to telecommunications networks and the internet long before the term Internet of Things existed. Although generally good, this exponential increase in the number of available datasets gives rise to the need to describe this data in a standardised way to not only be able to get a quick overview about the data but to also facilitate interoperability of data from different sources. The Federal Waterways Engineering and Research Institute (BAW) is a federal authority of the German Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure. BAW acts as a consultant for the safe and efficient operation of the German waterways. As part of its consultation role, BAW operates a number of physical and numerical models for sections of inland and marine waterways. In order to uniformly describe the data produced and consumed by these models throughout BAW and to ensure interoperability with other federal and state institutes on the one hand and with EU countries on the other, a metadata profile for hydroinformatic data has been developed at BAW. The metadata profile is composed in its entirety using the ISO 19115 international standard for metadata related to geographic information. Due to the widespread use of the ISO 19115 standard in the existing geodata infrastructure

  3. 77 FR 43542 - Cost Accounting Standards: Cost Accounting Standards 412 and 413-Cost Accounting Standards...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-25

    ... accounting purposes, the contractor measures $96,225 as the present value (PV) of the $100,000 contribution...,225 as the present value of the July 1, 2017, contribution of $100,000. * * * * * 0 6. In 9904.413.63... Standard (CAS) 412, ``Composition and Measurement of Pension Cost,'' and CAS 413, ``Adjustment...

  4. Fulfilling a Promise: Standards for Technological Literacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bybee, Rodger W.

    2003-01-01

    Discusses the place of standards in U.S. education, the development of the Standards for Technological Literacy, and the recent publication of "Advancing Excellence in Technological Literacy: Student Assessment, Professional Development, and Program Standards." (Contains 21 references.) (SK)

  5. Interoperability standards, patents and competition policy.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Larouche, Pierre; Van Overwalle, Geertrui; Delimatsis, Panagiotis

    2015-01-01

    While the traditional literature and the policy statements concerning standardization as such emphasize the benefits of standardization, the intellectual property and competition law literature and policymaking has been more critical of standardization. Intellectual property is relevant, as the tech

  6. Understanding the National Domestic Waste Collection Standards

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oelofse, Suzanna HH

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The Department of Environmental Affairs with the assistance of the CSIR, developed the National Domestic Waste Collection Standards, which contain a range of service standards appropriate to different contexts. The standards, which came into effect...

  7. 24 CFR 982.402 - Subsidy standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... SECTION 8 TENANT BASED ASSISTANCE: HOUSING CHOICE VOUCHER PROGRAM Dwelling Unit: Housing Quality Standards, Subsidy Standards, Inspection and Maintenance § 982.402 Subsidy standards. (a) Purpose. (1) The PHA...

  8. 40 CFR 61.22 - Standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Underground Uranium Mines § 61.22 Standard. Emissions of radon-222 to the ambient air from an...

  9. Introduction to China Association for Standardization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ China Association for Standardization (CAS), consisting of organizations and individuals engaged in standardization in China based on the voluntary participation, is a public society of standardization erjoying a 1egal status approved by the Ministry of Civil Affairs.

  10. WCDMA and CDMA2000 Communication Industry Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Since the Ministry of Information Industry promulgated the Third Generation (3G) mobile communication "China Standard" TD-SCDMA as the standard for China's communication industry, the ministry has also promulgated WCDMA and CDMA2000 as industrial standards.

  11. 77 FR 37617 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-22

    ...-02 Colorimetry--Standard Practice for Obtaining Spectrophotometric Data for Object- Color Evaluation... complete citations for standards on Standards Referred to in This colorimetry, headforms, and...

  12. 77 FR 37587 - Updating OSHA Standards Based on National Consensus Standards; Head Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-22

    ...-02 Colorimetry--Standard Practice for Obtaining Spectrophotometric Data for Object- Color Evaluation... complete citations for standards on Standards Referred to in This colorimetry, headforms, and...

  13. Application of Fields for Adopted Standards in Catalogues of Chinese Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ The Catalogues of Chinese Standards in electronic format are available from many national websites in the area of standardization, such as Standardization Administration of China (www.sac.gov.cn),China Standard Service Network (www.cssn.net.cn)and so on. It brings convenience to the worldwide users in retrieving Chinese standards. The retrievable Fields of Catalogues of Chinese Standards in electronic format applied in the above websites are roughly same, usually including Standard Number,Chinese Title, English Title, China Classification for Standard, International Classification for Standard,Adopted Standard, Replaced Standard, etc. Users can find the standards by known information.

  14. Composite-technicolor standard model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekhar Chivukula, B.; Georgi, Howard

    1987-04-01

    We characterize a class of composite models in which the quarks and leptons and technifermions are built from fermions (preons) bound by strong gauge interactions. We argue that if the preon dynamics has as [SU(3) × U(1)] 5 flavor symmetry that is explicitly broken only by preon mass terms proportional to the quark and lepton mass matrices, then the composite-tech-nicolor theory has a GIM mechanism that suppresses dangerous flavor changing neutral current effects. We show that the compositeness scale must be between ≈1 TeV and ≈2.5 TeV, giving rise to observable deviations from the standard electroweak interactions, and that B overlineB mixing and CP violation in K mesons can differ significantly from the standard model predictions. The lepton flavor symmetries may be observable in the near future in the comparison of the compositeness effects in e +e - → μ +μ - with those in e +e - → e +e -.

  15. Custom v. Standardized Risk Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zura Kakushadze

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available We discuss when and why custom multi-factor risk models are warranted and give source code for computing some risk factors. Pension/mutual funds do not require customization but standardization. However, using standardized risk models in quant trading with much shorter holding horizons is suboptimal: (1 longer horizon risk factors (value, growth, etc. increase noise trades and trading costs; (2 arbitrary risk factors can neutralize alpha; (3 “standardized” industries are artificial and insufficiently granular; (4 normalization of style risk factors is lost for the trading universe; (5 diversifying risk models lowers P&L correlations, reduces turnover and market impact, and increases capacity. We discuss various aspects of custom risk model building.

  16. Standard guide for computed radiography

    CERN Document Server

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2010-01-01

    1.1 This guide provides general tutorial information regarding the fundamental and physical principles of computed radiography (CR), definitions and terminology required to understand the basic CR process. An introduction to some of the limitations that are typically encountered during the establishment of techniques and basic image processing methods are also provided. This guide does not provide specific techniques or acceptance criteria for specific end-user inspection applications. Information presented within this guide may be useful in conjunction with those standards of 1.2. 1.2 CR techniques for general inspection applications may be found in Practice E2033. Technical qualification attributes for CR systems may be found in Practice E2445. Criteria for classification of CR system technical performance levels may be found in Practice E2446. Reference Images Standards E2422, E2660, and E2669 contain digital reference acceptance illustrations. 1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the st...

  17. Standard model of knowledge representation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Wensheng

    2016-09-01

    Knowledge representation is the core of artificial intelligence research. Knowledge representation methods include predicate logic, semantic network, computer programming language, database, mathematical model, graphics language, natural language, etc. To establish the intrinsic link between various knowledge representation methods, a unified knowledge representation model is necessary. According to ontology, system theory, and control theory, a standard model of knowledge representation that reflects the change of the objective world is proposed. The model is composed of input, processing, and output. This knowledge representation method is not a contradiction to the traditional knowledge representation method. It can express knowledge in terms of multivariate and multidimensional. It can also express process knowledge, and at the same time, it has a strong ability to solve problems. In addition, the standard model of knowledge representation provides a way to solve problems of non-precision and inconsistent knowledge.

  18. School-based Standard Testing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Craig Bolon

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available School-based standard testing continues to evolve, yet in some ways it remains surprisingly close to its roots in the first two decades of the twentieth century. After use for many years as a diagnostic and as a filter for access to education, in the closing years of the century it has been pressed into service for state-run political accountability programs. In this role, it is generating vehement controversy that recalls protests over intelligence testing in the early 1920s. This background article explores primary characteristics and issues in the development of school-based standard testing, reviews its typical lack of qualification for political accountability programs, and suggests remedies to address major problems. In general, the attitude toward new techniques of assessment is skeptical, in light of the side-effects and unexpected problems that developed during the evolution of current techniques.

  19. Banning standard cell engineering notebook

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-01-01

    A family of standardized thick-oxide P-MOS building blocks (standard cells) is described. The information is presented in a form useful for systems designs, logic design, and the preparation of inputs to both sets of Design Automation programs for array design and analysis. A data sheet is provided for each cell and gives the cell name, the cell number, its logic symbol, Boolean equation, truth table, circuit schematic circuit composite, input-output capacitances, and revision date. The circuit type file, also given for each cell, together with the logic drawing contained on the data sheet provides all the information required to prepare input data files for the Design Automation Systems. A detailed description of the electrical design procedure is included.

  20. Neutrinophilic Non-Standard Interactions

    CERN Document Server

    Farzan, Yasaman

    2016-01-01

    We construct UV-complete models for non-standard neutrino interactions mediated by a sub-GeV gauge boson Z' coupled to baryon number $B$ or $B-L$. A flavor-dependent Z' coupling to neutrinos is induced by mixing a U(1)'-charged Dirac fermion with the active neutrinos, naturally suppressing flavor violation or non-universality of the charged leptons to the loop level. We show that these models can give rise to large flavor-conserving as well as flavor-violating non-standard neutral-current neutrino interactions potentially observable in current or future oscillation experiments such as DUNE without being in conflict with other constraints such as neutrino scattering or lepton-flavor-violating decays. In particular, the LMA-Dark solution to the solar-neutrino anomaly can be obtained for $U(1)_B$, but not for $U(1)_{B-L}$.

  1. Integrated Standardization and Systems Engineering Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Integrated standardization is one of the fundamenta l forms of modern standardization. It is the combination of system science and the content of standardization. The development of system science has provided theo retic foundation and precondition for integrated standardization. The relevant r esearch on integrated standardization and system engineering illustrate that int egrated standardization is a advanced method which presented with the developmen t of modern science and technology . Integrated st...

  2. Research Notes - Openness and Evolvability - Standards Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    2.1.14 Is migration to alternative standard realistic? ..................................... 7 2.1.15 Have changes to standard occurred in last 2...standard for a particular application other than the standard’s effect on openness. For example , a standard may still pass the openness assessment, but...a standard could be a public standards organisation (such as IEEE, OMG, etc.), a government organisation , private consortium, private enterprise, or

  3. STANDARD FAMILY OF POWER SOURCES

    Science.gov (United States)

    A standard family of power sources is proposed which will minimize the number and variety of power sources , prevent the flooding of the supply system...with hardware that only could be used in a single application and provide the user with a family of power sources from which he could select one...new concept in the deployment of power sources . No longer is a single power source developed for each equipment; rather, the selection of a battery

  4. Explanatory Notes to Standard Compilation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ. Basis for Standard Compilation The economic globalization and China's rapid expansion of foreign exchanges have drastically boosted the demand for translation services. As a result, enterprises offering translation services mushroomed and formed a new industry unlike any other service industry. Though the output value of translation services is not high at the moment, their level and quality have a great impact on the clients because they cover the foreign intercourses in various fields and the construction of major foreign-invested projects.

  5. The Road of Haier Standardization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Brand Strategy Stage (1984 -1991)High Standard and High Quality Build up the brand by improving quality and highlighting the distinctive features of the enterprise.There are about 300 refrigerator manufacturers in China when Haier was just established.By the superior quality of its products,Haier has been maintaining a leading positionin the competition.Haier always sticks to the concept that "quality is everything",rising its competitive strength and building up a famous brand by high quality.

  6. DOE limited standard: Operations assessments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-05-01

    Purpose of this standard is to provide DOE Field Element assessors with a guide for conducting operations assessments, and provide DOE Field Element managers with the criteria of the EM Operations Assessment Program. Sections 6.1 to 6.21 provide examples of how to assess specific areas; the general techniques of operations assessments (Section 5) may be applied to other areas of health and safety (e.g. fire protection, criticality safety, quality assurance, occupational safety, etc.).

  7. The standard model and beyond

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marciano, W.J.

    1989-05-01

    In these lectures, my aim is to present a status report on the standard model and some key tests of electroweak unification. Within that context, I also discuss how and where hints of new physics may emerge. To accomplish those goals, I have organized my presentation as follows. I survey the standard model parameters with particular emphasis on the gauge coupling constants and vector boson masses. Examples of new physics appendages are also commented on. In addition, I have included an appendix on dimensional regularization and a simple example which employs that technique. I focus on weak charged current phenomenology. Precision tests of the standard model are described and up-to-date values for the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) mixing matrix parameters are presented. Constraints implied by those tests for a 4th generation, extra Z' bosons, and compositeness are discussed. An overview of the physics of tau decays is also included. I discuss weak neutral current phenomenology and the extraction of sin/sup 2//theta/W from experiment. The results presented there are based on a global analysis of all existing data. I have chosen to concentrate that discussion on radiative corrections, the effect of a heavy top quark mass, implications for grand unified theories (GUTS), extra Z' gauge bosons, and atomic parity violation. The potential for further experimental progress is also commented on. Finally, I depart from the narrowest version of the standard model and discuss effects of neutrino masses, mixings, and electromagnetic moments. 32 refs., 3 figs., 5 tabs

  8. Standards for Responsive Small Satellites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-08-01

    structural design. ions and propulsion. These onclusions are consistent with several other ongoing ckout. The expertise of the team members and... Structure The Business Team developed the “ORS Bus Standa Transition Plan” which puts the ISET technical rds... Standar PDR Prototype Design b of refinement. In general, ISET standards related to quantity builds (such as I&T flow, production, etc) as well as

  9. WHO Standard Acupuncture Point Locations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabina Lim

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available ‘WHO Standard Acupuncture Point Locations in the Western Pacific Region (WHO Standard was released in 2008. Initially, there were 92/361 controversial acupuncture points (acupoints. Through seven informal consultations and four task force team meetings, 86 points were agreed upon among the 92 controversial acupoints, leaving 6 remaining controversial acupoints, demanding active research in the future. This will enhance the reproducibility and validity of acupuncture studies. It will also lead to a better understanding of acupuncture mechanisms in order to optimize its clinical efficacy for a range of diseases and syndromes. This book has two parts: General Guidelines for Acupuncture Point Locations and WHO Standard Acupuncture Point Locations. First of all, familiarity with the General Guidelines for Acupuncture Point Locations in this book can help the reader to understand and use the contents of this book in depth. I would like to thank all of the participating experts and scholars for this great work, who have overcome the limits of previous acupuncture references. I also appreciate the dedicated effort and harmonious leadership of Dr Choi Seung-hoon, former Regional Adviser in Traditional Medicine of Western Pacific Office, WHO.

  10. PV system testing and standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeBlasio, Richard

    1999-03-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) PV Program System Performance and Engineering Project is being conducted by The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), Southwest Technology Development Institute (SWTDI), and Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC). It provides PV system, subsystem, and component-level technology-performance characterization testing; test-method development and validation; national and international consensus standards and codes development, test-facility product certification, and laboratory-accreditation program implementation; and information exchange and technical assistance to the PV community. Emphasis is placed on reducing technical and infrastructural barriers to system acceptance, reducing life-cycle cost of systems, providing systems-engineering best practices and guidelines, and leading the national effort in performance and reliability testing, and consensus standards, codes, and certification program development and implementation—thereby ensuring that PV systems meet customers' needs and expectations. A summary of project activities, accomplishments, and future plans is provided and highlighted by an overview of PV system test-procedure and standards development.

  11. Software Development Standard Processes (SDSP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavin, Milton L.; Wang, James J.; Morillo, Ronald; Mayer, John T.; Jamshidian, Barzia; Shimizu, Kenneth J.; Wilkinson, Belinda M.; Hihn, Jairus M.; Borgen, Rosana B.; Meyer, Kenneth N.; Crean, Kathleen A.; Rinker, George C.; Smith, Thomas P.; Lum, Karen T.; Hanna, Robert A.; Erickson, Daniel E.; Gamble, Edward B., Jr.; Morgan, Scott C.; Kelsay, Michael G.; Newport, Brian J.; Lewicki, Scott A.; Stipanuk, Jeane G.; Cooper, Tonja M.; Meshkat, Leila

    2011-01-01

    A JPL-created set of standard processes is to be used throughout the lifecycle of software development. These SDSPs cover a range of activities, from management and engineering activities, to assurance and support activities. These processes must be applied to software tasks per a prescribed set of procedures. JPL s Software Quality Improvement Project is currently working at the behest of the JPL Software Process Owner to ensure that all applicable software tasks follow these procedures. The SDSPs are captured as a set of 22 standards in JPL s software process domain. They were developed in-house at JPL by a number of Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) residing primarily within the Engineering and Science Directorate, but also from the Business Operations Directorate and Safety and Mission Success Directorate. These practices include not only currently performed best practices, but also JPL-desired future practices in key thrust areas like software architecting and software reuse analysis. Additionally, these SDSPs conform to many standards and requirements to which JPL projects are beholden.

  12. Study of federal microwave standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David, L.

    1980-08-01

    Present and future federal regulatory processes which may impact the permissible levels of microwave radiation emitted by the SPS Microwave Power Transmission (MPTS) were studied. An historical development of US occupational and public microwave standards includes an overview of Western and East European philosophies of environmental protection and neurophysiology which have led to the current widely differing maximum permissible exposure limits to microwaves. The possible convergence of microwave standards is characterized by a lowering of Western exposure levels while Eastern countries consider standard relaxation. A trend toward stricter controls on activities perceived as harmful to public health is under way as is interest in improving the federal regulatory process. Particularly relevant to SPS is the initiation of long-term, low-level microwave exposure programs. Coupled with new developments in instrumentation and dosimetry, the results from chronic exposure program and population exposure studies could be expected within the next five to ten years. Also discussed is the increasing public concern that rf energy is yet another hazardous environmental agent.

  13. Active Faraday optical frequency standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuang, Wei; Chen, Jingbiao

    2014-11-01

    We propose the mechanism of an active Faraday optical clock, and experimentally demonstrate an active Faraday optical frequency standard based on narrow bandwidth Faraday atomic filter by the method of velocity-selective optical pumping of cesium vapor. The center frequency of the active Faraday optical frequency standard is determined by the cesium 6 (2)S(1/2) F=4 to 6 (2)P(3/2) F'=4 and 5 crossover transition line. The optical heterodyne beat between two similar independent setups shows that the frequency linewidth reaches 281(23) Hz, which is 1.9×10(4) times smaller than the natural linewidth of the cesium 852-nm transition line. The maximum emitted light power reaches 75 μW. The active Faraday optical frequency standard reported here has advantages of narrow linewidth and reduced cavity pulling, which can readily be extended to other atomic transition lines of alkali and alkaline-earth metal atoms trapped in optical lattices at magic wavelengths, making it useful for new generation of optical atomic clocks.

  14. Authentication: A Standard Problem or a Problem of Standards?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda Capes-Davis

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Reproducibility and transparency in biomedical sciences have been called into question, and scientists have been found wanting as a result. Putting aside deliberate fraud, there is evidence that a major contributor to lack of reproducibility is insufficient quality assurance of reagents used in preclinical research. Cell lines are widely used in biomedical research to understand fundamental biological processes and disease states, yet most researchers do not perform a simple, affordable test to authenticate these key resources. Here, we provide a synopsis of the problems we face and how standards can contribute to an achievable solution.

  15. The Publication and Distribution of Chinese Standards and Other Standards-related Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bai Demei

    2005-01-01

    @@ Standards Press of China (SPC), founded in October 1963, is the only publication center in China licensed to publish national standards, trade standards, and books concerned with standardization, quality, and other science and technology. The main publications are as following:

  16. Next Generation Science Standards: All Standards, All Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Okhee; Miller, Emily C.; Januszyk, Rita

    2014-03-01

    The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) offer a vision of science teaching and learning that presents both learning opportunities and demands for all students, particularly student groups that have traditionally been underserved in science classrooms. The NGSS have addressed issues of diversity and equity from their inception, and the NGSS Diversity and Equity Team completed four major charges: (1) bias reviews of the NGSS, (2) Appendix D on diversity and equity, (3) inclusion of the topic of diversity and equity across Appendices, and (4) seven case studies of diverse student groups. This article starts with an overview of the NGSS Diversity and Equity charges, followed by a description of each of the four charges. This body of work addresses what science educators can and should do to ensure that the NGSS are accessible to all students, hence the title: " All Standards, All Students." In the coming years, the nation's student diversity will continue to grow rapidly while states adopt and implement the NGSS. Therefore, science teaching for non-dominant student groups equates to science teaching for all students.

  17. Standard and Non-Standard Physics in Neutrino Oscillations

    CERN Document Server

    Maltoni, M

    2003-01-01

    We analyze the impact of recent solar and atmospheric data in the determination of the neutrino oscillation parameters, taking into account that both the solar nu_e and the atmospheric nu_mu may convert to a mixture of active and sterile neutrinos. Furthermore, in the context of the atmospheric neutrino problem we discuss an extended mechanism of neutrino propagation which combines both oscillations and non-standard neutrino-matter interactions. We use the most recent neutrino data, including the 1496-day Super-K solar and atmospheric data samples, the latest SNO spectral and day/night solar data, and the final MACRO atmospheric results. We confirm the clear preference of all the data for pure-active oscillation solutions, bounding the fraction of sterile neutrino involved in oscillations to be less than 52% in the solar sector and less than 40% in the atmospheric sector, at 3 sigma. For the atmospheric case we also derive a bound on the total amount of non-standard neutrino-matter interactions, bounding the ...

  18. The Economics of Standards and Standardization in Information and Communication Technologies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Mogens Kuhn; Fomin, Vladislav V.

    2006-01-01

    Standards have proven themselves indispensable to the industrial revolution. How are standards developed today? What does the economics of standards tell about the impact of standards upon economic growth and productivity? Do standards influence industry innovation? How are the standardization pr...

  19. Fluorescence of ceramic color standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koo, Annette; Clare, John F; Nield, Kathryn M; Deadman, Andrew; Usadi, Eric

    2010-04-20

    Fluorescence has been found in color standards available for use in calibration and verification of color measuring instruments. The fluorescence is excited at wavelengths below about 600?nm and emitted above 700?nm, within the response range of silicon photodiodes, but at the edge of the response of most photomultipliers and outside the range commonly scanned in commercial colorimeters. The degree of fluorescence on two of a set of 12 glossy ceramic tiles is enough to introduce significant error when those tiles have been calibrated in one mode of measurement and are used in another. We report the nature of the fluorescence and the implications for color measurement.

  20. [Humanitarian action threatened by standardization].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamou, J

    2002-01-01

    The author analyses the new international context in which humanitarian action is being undertaken. He raises the problem caused by the diverging objectives of impartial, neutral humanitarianism and politically motivated actions that implement strategies of prevention and conflict resolution. He reviews the criticism that humanitarian has come under in recent years and that has resulted in establishment of codes of conduct. However he points out the threat that the concepts of control and "jurisdiction" over humanitarian action represent and analyzes discrepancies between minimal standards and universal principles. The article concludes with a presentation of an alternative solution based on the "Quality" platform being developed by several French NGOs.

  1. Secondary standards for BVRI photometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moffett, T. J.; Barnes, T. G., III

    1979-01-01

    A thorough test of Fernie's instrumentation system for matching the Johnson BVRI photometric system has been made. From 1,526 observations of 186 stars in the Arizona-Tonantzintla Catalogue, there were found excellent transformations, except for a slight curvature in the (B-V) transformation, which is easily removed, and a difficulty in (R-I) for highly reddened stars. Photometric values and their uncertainties are given for all the stars, and these are of sufficient quality to serve as secondary standards in BVRI for small- to moderate-size telescopes (1-m).

  2. Alternatives for Raising Living Standards

    OpenAIRE

    William Scarth

    1999-01-01

    Given the fundamental goal of raising living standards in the longer term, much attention is paid to policies that can be expected to increase national saving. With respect to private saving, the mechanism is tax reform - a lower tax on interest income. The basic problem with this approach is that, for a given size of government, some other tax or transfer must be adjusted to finance the interest-tax cut. This fact may make it difficult to ensure that those with only labour income will share ...

  3. Strings, paths, and standard tableaux

    CERN Document Server

    Dasmahapatra, S

    1996-01-01

    For the vacuum sectors of regime-III ABF models, we observe that two sets of combinatorial objects: the strings which parametrize the row-to-row transfer matrix eigenvectors, and the paths which parametrize the corner transfer matrix eigenvectors, can both be expressed in terms of the same set of standard tableaux. Furthermore, the momenta of the strings, the energies of the paths, and the charges of the tableaux are such that there is a weight-preserving bijection between the two sets of eigenvectors, wherein the tableaux play an interpolating role. This bijection is so natural, that we conjecture that it exists in general.

  4. [Standardized terminology for disc disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez Pérez, M; Gil Sierra, A; Sánchez Martín, A; Gallego Gómez, P; Pereira Boo, D

    2012-01-01

    This article reviews the terminology used to describe morphological alterations in the intervertebral discs. Radiologists must be able to communicate information about the type, location, and severity of these alterations to medical and surgical clinicians. It is crucial to use simple, standard, and unified terminology to ensure comprehension not only among radiologists but also with professionals from the different specialties for whom the radiology reports are written (fundamentally traumatologists and neurosurgeons). This terminology will help ensure a more accurate diagnosis and better patient management.

  5. Leveraging Standards to Promote Program Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Michelle D.; Mawhinney, Hanna; Reed, Cynthia J.

    2016-01-01

    Standards provide a foundation for thinking about leadership development and practice. This article explores three sets of standards that impact educational leadership preparation: (a) the recently revised Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) standards, which are now known as the Practice Standards for Educational Leaders (PSEL);…

  6. 7 CFR 29.24 - Official standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Official standards. 29.24 Section 29.24 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... INSPECTION Regulations Definitions § 29.24 Official standards. Standards for tobacco promulgated by...

  7. 48 CFR 11.102 - Standardization program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standardization program... Standardization program. Agencies shall select existing requirements documents or develop new requirements... Standardization Manual, FSPM-0001; for DoD components, DoD 4120.24-M, Defense Standardization Program Policies...

  8. 7 CFR 58.918 - Standardization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Standardization. 58.918 Section 58.918 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... Procedures § 58.918 Standardization. The standardization of the product to obtain a finished product of...

  9. 40 CFR 63.362 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 63.362 Section 63.362... EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES Ethylene Oxide Emissions Standards for Sterilization Facilities § 63.362 Standards. (a) Each owner or operator of a source subject to...

  10. 40 CFR 59.102 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 59.102 Section 59.102... VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUND EMISSION STANDARDS FOR CONSUMER AND COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS National Volatile Organic Compound Emission Standards for Automobile Refinish Coatings § 59.102 Standards. (a) Except as provided...

  11. 14 CFR 77.3 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Standards. 77.3 Section 77.3 Aeronautics... AFFECTING NAVIGABLE AIRSPACE General § 77.3 Standards. (a) The standards established in this part for... section 16 of the Federal Airport Act; (3) Developing technical standards and guidance in the design...

  12. 40 CFR 61.112 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 61.112 Section 61.112... EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Equipment Leaks (Fugitive Emission Sources) of Benzene § 61.112 Standards. (a) Each owner or operator subject to the provisions...

  13. 49 CFR 397.71 - Federal standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Federal standards. 397.71 Section 397.71... standards. (a) A State or Indian tribe shall comply with the Federal standards under paragraph (b) of this... or may not be transported. (b) The Federal standards are as follows: (1) Enhancement of public...

  14. 40 CFR 191.03 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 191.03 Section 191.03... ENVIRONMENTAL RADIATION PROTECTION STANDARDS FOR MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL OF SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL, HIGH-LEVEL AND TRANSURANIC RADIOACTIVE WASTES Environmental Standards for Management and Storage § 191.03 Standards....

  15. 22 CFR 143.11 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Standards. 143.11 Section 143.11 Foreign... RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Standards for Determining Age Discrimination § 143.11 Standards. The standards each agency uses to determine whether an age distinction or age-related term is prohibited are...

  16. 40 CFR 63.962 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 10 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 63.962 Section 63.962... EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Individual Drain Systems § 63.962 Standards. (a) The owner or operator subject to this...

  17. 40 CFR 63.783 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 10 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 63.783 Section 63.783... EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for Shipbuilding and Ship Repair (Surface Coating) § 63.783 Standards. (a) No owner or operator...

  18. 36 CFR 905.735-401 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 905.735-401 Section 905.735-401 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION STANDARDS OF CONDUCT Special Standards Applicable to Certain Board Members § 905.735-401 Standards....

  19. 22 CFR 218.11 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Standards. 218.11 Section 218.11 Foreign... ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Standards for Determining Age Discrimination § 218.11 Standards. The standards each agency uses to determine whether an age distinction or age-related term...

  20. 40 CFR 63.322 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 63.322 Section 63.322... EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES National Perchloroethylene Air Emission Standards for Dry Cleaning Facilities § 63.322 Standards. (a) The owner or operator of...

  1. 40 CFR 61.302 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 61.302 Section 61.302... EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standard for Benzene Emissions From Benzene Transfer Operations § 61.302 Standards. (a) The owner or operator of an affected facility...

  2. 40 CFR 192.12 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 192.12 Section 192.12... AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION STANDARDS FOR URANIUM AND THORIUM MILL TAILINGS Standards for Cleanup of... Sites § 192.12 Standards. Remedial actions shall be conducted so as to provide reasonable assurance...

  3. 44 CFR 75.11 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standards. 75.11 Section 75... PROPERTIES UNDER SELF-INSURANCE PLAN Standards for Exemption § 75.11 Standards. (a) In order to be exempt... hazards which are covered under the Standard Flood Insurance Policy. (3) Provide coverage to...

  4. 40 CFR 63.1362 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 11 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Standards. 63.1362 Section 63.1362... EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants for Pesticide Active Ingredient Production § 63.1362 Standards. (a) On and...

  5. 29 CFR 1911.10 - Construction standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Construction standards. 1911.10 Section 1911.10 Labor... STANDARDS Commencement of Rulemaking § 1911.10 Construction standards. The Assistant Secretary may promulgate, modify, or revoke a standard applicable to employments in construction work, as defined in §...

  6. When a Standard Candle Flickers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson-Hodge, Colleen A; Cherry, Michael L; Case, Gary L

    2011-01-01

    The Crab Nebula is the only hard X-ray source in the sky that is both bright enough and steady enough to be easily used as a standard candle. As a result, it has been used as a normalization standard by most X-ray/gamma-ray telescopes. Although small-scale variations in the nebula are well known......, since the start of science operations of the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) in 2008 August, a ~ 7% (70 mCrab) decline has been observed in the overall Crab Nebula flux in the 15-50 keV band, measured with the Earth occultation technique. This decline is independently confirmed in the ~ 15-50 ke......-100 keV band with GBM, Swift /BAT, and INTEGRAL /IBIS. The pulsed flux measured with RXTE /PCA since 1999 is consistent with the pulsar spin-down, indicating that the observed changes are nebular. Correlated variations in the Crab Nebula flux on a ~ 3 year timescale are also seen independently...

  7. Area Optimized Advanced Encryption Standard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Sandip R. Aher

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Performance evaluation of the Advanced Encryption Standard candidates has become led to intensive study of both hardware and software implementations. However, number of papers presents various implementation results, it shows that efficiency could still be greatly improved by applying effective design rules adapted to devices and algorithms. This paper shows various approaches for efficient FPGA implementations of the Advanced Encryption Standard algorithm. For different applications of the AES algorithm may require different s peed/area tradeoffs, we propose a vital study of the possible implementation schemes, but also the discussion of design methodology and algorithmic optimization in order to improve previous reported results. We propose system to evaluate hardware efficiency at different steps of the design process. We also use an optimal pipeline that takes the place and route constraints into account. Resulting circuits significantly improve the previous reported results: throughput has been up to 18.5 Gbits/sec and the area requirements can be limited to 542 slices and 10 RAM blocks with a ratio throughput/area improved by minimum 25% of the best-known designs in the Xilinx Virtex- E technology.

  8. When A Standard Candle Flickers

    CERN Document Server

    Wilson-Hodge, Colleen A; Baumgartner, Wayne H; Beklen, Elif; Bhat, P Narayana; Briggs, Michael S; Camero-Arranz, Ascension; Case, Gary L; Chaplin, Vandiver; Connaughton, Valerie; Finger, Mark H; Gehrels, Neil; Greiner, Jochen; Jahoda, Keith; Jenke, Peter; Kippen, R Marc; Kouveliotou, Chryssa; Krimm, Hans A; Kuulkers, Erik; Meegan, Charles A; Natalucci, Lorenzo; Paciesas, William S; Preece, Robert; Rodi, James C; Shaposhnikov, Nikolai; Skinner, Gerald K; Swartz, Doug; von Kienlin, Andreas

    2010-01-01

    The Crab Nebula is the only hard X-ray source in the sky that is both bright enough and steady enough to be easily used as a standard candle. As a result, it has been used as a normalization standard by most X-ray/gamma ray telescopes. Although small-scale variations in the nebula are well-known, since the start of science operations of the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) in August 2008, a ~ 7% (70 mcrab) decline has been observed in the overall Crab Nebula flux in the 15 - 50 keV band, measured with the Earth occultation technique. This decline is independently confirmed with three other instruments: the Swift Burst Alert Telescope (Swift/BAT), the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer Proportional Counter Array (RXTE/PCA), and the INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory Imager on Board INTEGRAL (IBIS). A similar decline is also observed in the ~3 - 15 keV data from the RXTE/PCA and INTEGRAL Joint European Monitor (JEM-X) and in the 50 - 100 keV band with GBM and INTEGRAL/IBIS. Observations from 100 to 500...

  9. Readability of standard appointment letters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Daniel M; Gilchrist, Anne

    2010-06-01

    Introduction and aims The first contact a clinical service has with a patient is often an appointment letter and thus it is important that this letter is written in a way which is accessible. One concern is to write in language which is easily able to be read by the majority of recipients. A simple initial way to assess this is by using measures of readability of text.Methods We applied measures to examine the readability of appointment and administrative letters sent to young people by clinicians in the Young People's Department at the Royal Cornhill Hospital in Aberdeen.Results Many letters were unlikely to be understood by our youngest patients. We revised the letters to meet an agreed standard of readability, and agreed their routine use within the team. All letters were significantly improved on standard measures of readability and were preferred by patients.Conclusions The methods used are feasible, easily available and may be helpful to clinicians working in other specialties to improve the level of readability of written communication. This will help patients and families in their first contact with any clinical service.

  10. Standardization in the Cultural Heritage in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Mo; Wang mingling; Zhang Lei

    2007-01-01

    China has begun its standardization process in the cultural heritage since 1960.The standards contributed a lot to the development of the heritage conservation practices. In this paper, the author summaries the existing condition of standardization in the cultural heritages and museums field in China, and presents Standards for the Classification of Collected Cultural Heritages. Also this paper points out the problems which exist in the standardization in the cultural heritage, and gives the advice to solve these problems.

  11. Standardization for natural product synthetic biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Huimin; Medema, Marnix H

    2016-08-27

    Standardization is one of the foundational features of modern-day engineering, and the use of standardized parts and processes is a key element that distinguishes bona fide synthetic biology from traditional genetic engineering. Here, we discuss the role of standardization in natural product synthetic biology, focusing on standardization of data on biosynthetic pathways and gene clusters, as well as the role of standardization in the process of biosynthetic gene cluster engineering.

  12. Beyond the Cosmological Standard Model

    CERN Document Server

    Joyce, Austin; Khoury, Justin; Trodden, Mark

    2014-01-01

    After a decade and a half of research motivated by the accelerating universe, theory and experiment have a reached a certain level of maturity. The development of theoretical models beyond \\Lambda, or smooth dark energy, often called modified gravity, has led to broader insights into a path forward, and a host of observational and experimental tests have been developed. In this review we present the current state of the field and describe a framework for anticipating developments in the next decade. We identify the guiding principles for rigorous and consistent modifications of the standard model, and discuss the prospects for empirical tests. We begin by reviewing attempts to consistently modify Einstein gravity in the infrared, focusing on the notion that additional degrees of freedom introduced by the modification must screen themselves from local tests of gravity. We categorize screening mechanisms into three broad classes: mechanisms which become active in regions of high Newtonian potential, those in wh...

  13. Outlook on China's Food Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ The output of many kinds of foods in China have stood first on the world list, such as fruits, vegetables,meats, rape oil, aquiculture, etc. But China's export volume is minor. For example, the rate of apples exported is less than 1% of the total production, accounting for 6% of the world export volume. This results from quality and safety concerns, particularly the latter one. In order to improve this situation, central government has issued Project of Farming Region for Superior Agricultural Products (2003-2007) recently. The project says that 1118 standardized demonstration regions (base) of producing superior agricultural products will be established within the next 5 years. The superior agricultural products include wheat, special-purpose corn, high oil soy been, cotton, "double-low" rape, "double-high″ sugar cane, citrus fruit, apples,beef cattle, mutton sheep, milk, aquiculture etc.

  14. Biofuels: policies, standards and technologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-09-15

    Skyrocketing prices of crude oil in the middle of the first decade of the 21st century accompanied by rising prices for food focused political and public attention on the role of biofuels. On the one hand, biofuels were considered as a potential automotive fuel with a bright future, on the other hand, biofuels were accused of competing with food production for land. The truth must lie somewhere in-between and is strongly dependent on the individual circumstance in different countries and regions. As food and energy are closely interconnected and often compete with each other for other resources, such as water, the World Energy Council - following numerous requests of its Member Committees - decided to undertake an independent assessment of biofuels policies, technologies and standards.

  15. River Basin Standards Interoperability Pilot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pesquer, Lluís; Masó, Joan; Stasch, Christoph

    2016-04-01

    There is a lot of water information and tools in Europe to be applied in the river basin management but fragmentation and a lack of coordination between countries still exists. The European Commission and the member states have financed several research and innovation projects in support of the Water Framework Directive. Only a few of them are using the recently emerging hydrological standards, such as the OGC WaterML 2.0. WaterInnEU is a Horizon 2020 project focused on creating a marketplace to enhance the exploitation of EU funded ICT models, tools, protocols and policy briefs related to water and to establish suitable conditions for new market opportunities based on these offerings. One of WaterInnEU's main goals is to assess the level of standardization and interoperability of these outcomes as a mechanism to integrate ICT-based tools, incorporate open data platforms and generate a palette of interchangeable components that are able to use the water data emerging from the recently proposed open data sharing processes and data models stimulated by initiatives such as the INSPIRE directive. As part of the standardization and interoperability activities in the project, the authors are designing an experiment (RIBASE, the present work) to demonstrate how current ICT-based tools and water data can work in combination with geospatial web services in the Scheldt river basin. The main structure of this experiment, that is the core of the present work, is composed by the following steps: - Extraction of information from river gauges data in OGC WaterML 2.0 format using SOS services (preferably compliant to the OGC SOS 2.0 Hydrology Profile Best Practice). - Model floods using a WPS 2.0, WaterML 2.0 data and weather forecast models as input. - Evaluation of the applicability of Sensor Notification Services in water emergencies. - Open distribution of the input and output data as OGC web services WaterML, / WCS / WFS and with visualization utilities: WMS. The architecture

  16. Non-Standard Numeration Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Ambrož

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available We study some properties of non-standard numeration systems with an irrational base ß >1, based on the so-called beta-expansions of real numbers [1]. We discuss two important properties of these systems, namely the Finiteness property, stating whether the set of finite expansions in a given system forms a ring, and then the problem of fractional digits arising under arithmetic operations with integers in a given system. Then we introduce another way of irrational representation of numbers, slightly different from classical beta-expansions. Here we restrict ourselves to one irrational base – the golden mean ? – and we study the Finiteness property again. 

  17. Standardization of GPS data processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Pil Ho

    2001-06-15

    A nationwide GPS network has been constructed with about 60 permanent GPS stations after late 1990s in Korea. For using the GPS in variety of application area like crustal deformation, positioning, or monitoring upper atmosphere, it is necessary to have ability to process the data precisely. Now Korea Astronomy Observatory has the precise GPS data processing technique in Korea because it is difficult to understand characteristics of the parameters we want to estimate, resolve the integer ambiguity, and analyze many errors. There are three reliable GPS data processing software in the world ; Bernese(University of Berne), GIPSY-OASIS(JPL), GAMIT(MIT). These software allow us to achieve millimeter accuracy in the horizontal position and about 1 cm accuracy vertically even for regional networks with a diameter of several thousand kilometers. But we established the standard of GPS data processing using Bernese as main tool and GIPSY{sub O}ASIS as side.

  18. Standardization of type Ia supernovae

    CERN Document Server

    Coelho, Rodrigo C V; Reis, Ribamar R R; Siffert, Beatriz B

    2014-01-01

    Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) have been intensively investigated due to its great homogeneity and high luminosity, which make it possible to use them as standardizable candles for the determination of cosmological parameters. In 2011, the physics Nobel prize was awarded for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae. This is a pedagogical article, aimed at those starting their study of that subject, in which we dwell on some topics related to the analysis of SNe Ia and their use in luminosity distance estimators. Here we investigate their spectral properties and light curve standardization, paying careful attention to the fundamental quantities directly related to the SNe Ia observables. Finally, we describe our own step-by-step implementation of a classical light curve fi?tter, the stretch, applying it to real data from the Carnegie Supernova Project.

  19. Arterial Stiffness: Recommendations and Standardization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsend, Raymond R.

    2017-01-01

    The use of arterial stiffness measurements in longitudinal cohorts of normal populations, hypertensive patients, diabetic patients, healthy elderly, and patients on hemodialysis have confirmed the value of this important measure of arterial health, and established its complementary role to measures of blood pressure. Its contribution to understanding cardiovascular and mortality risk beyond blood pressure measurements has moved measures of arterial stiffness into the ranks of factors such as elevated cholesterol, diabetes, and left ventricular hypertrophy in considering cardiovascular risk. The recent international collaboration's publication of reference ranges for normal people and those with hypertension, along with the American Heart Association's recent scientific statement on standardizing arterial stiffness measurements are important aspects to consider in future studies employing these valuable methods, particularly as interventions that not only lower blood pressure but improve arterial function are tested in the clinical arena. PMID:28275588

  20. Standard for Models and Simulations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steele, Martin J.

    2016-01-01

    This NASA Technical Standard establishes uniform practices in modeling and simulation to ensure essential requirements are applied to the design, development, and use of models and simulations (MS), while ensuring acceptance criteria are defined by the program project and approved by the responsible Technical Authority. It also provides an approved set of requirements, recommendations, and criteria with which MS may be developed, accepted, and used in support of NASA activities. As the MS disciplines employed and application areas involved are broad, the common aspects of MS across all NASA activities are addressed. The discipline-specific details of a given MS should be obtained from relevant recommended practices. The primary purpose is to reduce the risks associated with MS-influenced decisions by ensuring the complete communication of the credibility of MS results.

  1. Einstein: The Standard of Greatness

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rigdon, John (Washington University)

    2005-03-16

    Einstein's seven-month performance in 1905 has no equal in the history of physics. Beginning with his revolutionary paper, completed on March 17, and continuing to September 26, Einstein wrote a total of five papers that changed the infrastructure of physics and today, a century later, these papers remain part of the tectonic bedrock of the discipline. How Einstein approached his physics and what he accomplished certainly provided the basis for his world fame. But while the What? and the How? were, and remain, of primary importance, can they explain Einstein's celebrity standing after 1922 and his iconic status today, fifty years after his death? The question remains: Why is Einstein the standard of greatness?

  2. Watermarking as a traceability standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coatrieux, Gouenou; Quantin, Catherine; Allaert, François-André

    2012-01-01

    The exponential increase in the number of electronic document exchanges in healthcare has considerably increased the risk of document drop-out or address errors. It may therefore be important to know to whom the information belongs and who produced it. This becomes a major concern when the document has been involved in processes leading to the choice of therapy and eventually in cases where patients seek damages for medical malpractice. Watermarking, which is the embedding of security elements, such as a digital signature, within a document, can help to ensure that a digital document is reliable. However, at the same time, questions arise about the validity of watermarking-based evidence. In this paper, beyond the technical aspects, we discuss the worldwide legal acceptability of watermarking and the need for its recognition as a standard according to technical characteristics that the CEN and ISO need to agree on.

  3. ENGINEERING DESIGN USING STANDARD CATALOGUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    URDEA Mihaela

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights various types of pre-existing parts in SolidWorks and CATIA referring to the possibility of creating new customized parts or blocks. These parts were intended to help those who work in this field and increase the efficiency of designing. For example, they are used in assemblies with bolts, screws, nuts and washers modeled in SolidWorks and CATIA. These software use special tools to add rapidly fasteners to the available holes features in assemblies. The work also presents the possibility of accessing existing parts libraries created by the users or specialized companies and posted on the Internet. In order to illustrate this activity with standardized components, flexible couplings are used.

  4. CST-01-Central Standard Timing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    薄如蝉翼名为CentralStandardTiming的工作室推出了E—ink材质代号为CST-01的手表,其厚度仅为0.8mm,号称全球最薄。一次充电10分钟便可连续使用15年。该手表屏幕由多层柔性材料构成。整体十分轻巧并且可弯曲,腕带则采用了柔性不锈钢材质。CST-01的预售价格为129美元。约合人民币800元,目前已经在著名的集资网站Kickstarter上创建项目。

  5. Developing the Framed Standard Model

    CERN Document Server

    Baker, Michael J; Chan, H M; Tsou, S T

    2011-01-01

    The framed standard model (FSM) suggested earlier, which incorporates the Higgs field and 3 fermion generations as part of the framed gauge theory structure, is here developed further to show that it gives both quarks and leptons hierarchical masses and mixing matrices akin to what is experimentally observed. Among its many distinguishing features which lead to the above results are (i) the vacuum is degenerate under a global $su(3)$ symmetry which plays the role of fermion generations, (ii) the fermion mass matrix is "universal", rank-one and rotates (changes its orientation in generation space) with changing scale $\\mu$, (iii) the metric in generation space is scale-dependent too, and in general non-flat, (iv) the theta-angle term in the QCD action of topological origin gets transformed into the CP-violating phase of the CKM matrix for quarks, thus offering at the same time a solution to the strong CP problem.

  6. Literary Censorship: The Changing Standards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laila Al-Sharqi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Censorship is a double-edged sword that has bred legal, political, and moral wrangling across the globe. The basic controversy, which harkens back to ancient times, stems from the motivation and intention of the censoring authority. The censoring authority controls literary and informational contents, based on the promulgated political, moral, religious, and cultural values of the land. Historically, the politicians, judiciary, clergymen, powerful groups, and the public at large were involved in guarding public morals and rooting out obscenity. The obscenity laws outlawed the selling, purchasing, printing, importing, and mailing of obscene items. However, in today's day and age, the Internet has made it difficult to control the circulation of what was once considered obscene. Censorship has evolved to monitor and control online content to keep abreast with the changing times; nevertheless, it does not always effectively control the questionable content. Moreover, in the past, cultural values and demography played a vital role in deciding what needed to be censored. Internet, as an electronic global village, has redefined demography; therefore, the global as well as indigenous standards upon which literature were once analyzed for censorship is now blurred. The promise of free speech has given power to the people that live in mature democracies. However, there should be a self-imposed code of conduct so that the right of free speech does not infringe on others' right of existence. This paper reviews censorship, tracing its historical path and evolution over the years, its changing standards, and its pros and cons. Lastly, the paper discusses the need to conjoin freedom of speech with the responsibility to protect the diverse cultures, religions, races, sects, genders, and especially the young generation.

  7. Diversification and Challenges of Software Engineering Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poon, Peter T.

    1994-01-01

    The author poses certain questions in this paper: 'In the future, should there be just one software engineering standards set? If so, how can we work towards that goal? What are the challenges of internationalizing standards?' Based on the author's personal view, the statement of his position is as follows: 'There should NOT be just one set of software engineering standards in the future. At the same time, there should NOT be the proliferation of standards, and the number of sets of standards should be kept to a minimum.It is important to understand the diversification of the areas which are spanned by the software engineering standards.' The author goes on to describe the diversification of processes, the diversification in the national and international character of standards organizations, the diversification of the professional organizations producing standards, the diversification of the types of businesses and industries, and the challenges of internationalizing standards.

  8. 1998 federal technical standards workshop: Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-10-01

    The theme for the 1998 workshop was Standards Management -- A World of Change and Opportunities. The workshop`s goal was to further the implementation of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-113) through the sharing of standards management success stories, lessons learned, and emerging initiatives within the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. The target audience for this workshop included agency/department and contractor personnel and representatives of standards developing organizations that either used technical standards in their work for the Federal Government of participated in standards writing/management activities in support of the missions and programs of Federal agencies/departments. As with previous standards workshops sponsored by the DOE, views on the technical subject areas under the workshop theme were solicited from and provided by agency Standards Executives and standards program managers, voluntary standards organizations, and the private sector. This report includes vugraphs of the presentations.

  9. Standard for Bamboo and its International Trend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGZhaohui; JIANGZehui; SUNQixiang

    2004-01-01

    The discussion on the present status of standards for bamboo is made. The main group has 15 standards related to bamboo-based panel, bamboo-based panel for form and container with bamboo-based panel. The main technological parameters and making of main types of bamboo-based panels in standards have been analyzed for readers to understand the related standards more easily. Analysis of influence of new national standards of indoor decorating and refurbishing materials on standards for bamboo-based panels in China has been done. The paper compares Chinese standard on methods of tests for bamboo with the respective Indian standard. It is tested that speed' s influence on result of bamboo properties by the experimental data. It is possible to reunite some standards on bamboo in China and India into the uniform international standards on the basis of absorption of the reasonable parts. All the standards for bamboo will be changed with the development of bamboo products and technological process. The paper analyzes the insufficient aspects of the standards and proposes the trend toward international standards. A good standard not only promotes bamboo to well recycling utilization but also mitigates the press of protection of natural forest to realize sustainable development forest.

  10. The ANS mathematics and computation software standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smetana, A. O. [Savannah River National Laboratory, Washington Savannah River Company, Aiken, SC 29808 (United States)

    2006-07-01

    The Mathematics and Computations Div. of the American Nuclear Society sponsors the ANS-10 Standards Subcommittee. This subcommittee, which is part of the ANS Standards Committee, currently maintains three ANSI/ANS software standards. These standards are: Portability of Scientific and Engineering Software, ANS-10.2; Guidelines for the Verification and Validation of Scientific and Engineering Computer Programs for the Nuclear Industry, ANS-10.4; and Accommodating User Needs in Scientific and Engineering Computer Software Development, ANS-10.5. A fourth Standard, Documentation of Computer Software, ANS-10.3, is available as a historical Standard. (authors)

  11. 47 CFR 90.379 - ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard (ASTM-DSRC Standard).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard (ASTM-DSRC Standard... Communications Service (dsrcs) § 90.379 ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard (ASTM-DSRC Standard). Roadside Units... incorporated by reference: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) E2213-03, “Standard...

  12. 77 FR 58580 - Interview Room Recording System Standard and License Plate Reader Standard Workshops

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-21

    ... of Justice Programs Interview Room Recording System Standard and License Plate Reader Standard... System Standard and License Plate Reader Standard Workshops. SUMMARY: The National Institute of Justice... development of NIJ performance standards for Interview Room Recording Systems and License Plate Readers used...

  13. 78 FR 43145 - Announcing Approval of Federal Information Processing Standard 186-4, Digital Signature Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-19

    ... Standard 186-4, Digital Signature Standard AGENCY: National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST... of Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) 186-4, Digital Signature Standard (DSS). FIPS 186-4 specifies three techniques for the generation and verification of digital signatures that can be used for...

  14. The Dynamic Programming Algorithm on Privacy Protection Model of Continuous Location Queries Based on LBS%基于 LBS 的连续查询位置隐私保护模型的动态规划算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷建云; 张镭钟

    2015-01-01

    针对现有的算法大多都是静态位置隐私保护的,如果将静态算法应用于动态的连续查询中,会导致位置隐私泄露,提出了一种基于连续查询的动态规划改进算法,旨在保护用户的位置隐私,仿真实验结果证明:该算法在匿名处理时间、匿名成功率和轨迹扭曲度等方面优于现有算法。%Most of the existing algorithms are static position for privacy , if the static algorithm applied in dynamically continuous query , it will lead to the disclosure of position privacy , An improved dynamic programming algorithm based on continuous queries is proposed , designed to protect the user's location privacy , The simulation results show that: The algorithm outperforms the existing methods in terms anonymous processing time , anonymous success rate and track twist .

  15. H-1 Upgrades (4BW/4BN) (H-1 Upgrades)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    Nautical Miles R&M - Reliability and Maintainability RM - Reference Model TV-1 - Technical Standards Profile Univ . - Universal H-1 Upgrades December 2015...Speed (kts) 165 165 135 139 139 Payload (Hot Day) (lbs) 3500 lbs 3500 lbs 2500 lbs 6 Wing Stations 4 Universal Under Wing Stations 3429 3429 Weapon...Stations Universal Mounts 6 6 4 4 4 Precision Guided Munitions 16 16 12 16 16 Maneuverability/Agility (G’s) -0.5 to +2.5 -0.5 to +2.5 -0.5 to +2.5 -0.5 to

  16. Modular modelling with Physiome standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooling, Michael T; Nickerson, David P; Nielsen, Poul M F; Hunter, Peter J

    2016-12-01

    The complexity of computational models is increasing, supported by research in modelling tools and frameworks. But relatively little thought has gone into design principles for complex models. We propose a set of design principles for complex model construction with the Physiome standard modelling protocol CellML. By following the principles, models are generated that are extensible and are themselves suitable for reuse in larger models of increasing complexity. We illustrate these principles with examples including an architectural prototype linking, for the first time, electrophysiology, thermodynamically compliant metabolism, signal transduction, gene regulation and synthetic biology. The design principles complement other Physiome research projects, facilitating the application of virtual experiment protocols and model analysis techniques to assist the modelling community in creating libraries of composable, characterised and simulatable quantitative descriptions of physiology. The ability to produce and customise complex computational models has great potential to have a positive impact on human health. As the field develops towards whole-cell models and linking such models in multi-scale frameworks to encompass tissue, organ, or organism levels, reuse of previous modelling efforts will become increasingly necessary. Any modelling group wishing to reuse existing computational models as modules for their own work faces many challenges in the context of construction, storage, retrieval, documentation and analysis of such modules. Physiome standards, frameworks and tools seek to address several of these challenges, especially for models expressed in the modular protocol CellML. Aside from providing a general ability to produce modules, there has been relatively little research work on architectural principles of CellML models that will enable reuse at larger scales. To complement and support the existing tools and frameworks, we develop a set of principles to

  17. EUROPEAN AND INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS ON MEDICAL DEVICES FOR DENTISTRY.

    OpenAIRE

    Jordan Deliversky; Mariela Yaneva-Deliverska; Maya Lyapina; Angelina Kisselova

    2015-01-01

    Standards are produced for many different products and services, and may be created for company, national, regional or global application. In Europe there are three different categories of standard: International standard – a standard adopted by an international standardization organization; European standard – a standard adopted by a European standardization body; National standard – a standard adopted by a national standardization body and made available to the public. Harmonized standards ...

  18. 24 CFR 92.251 - Property standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Development HOME INVESTMENT PARTNERSHIPS PROGRAM Project Requirements § 92.251 Property standards. (a) (1..., rehabilitation standards, ordinances, and zoning ordinances at the time of project completion, except as...

  19. International Standardization Activities for Optical Amplifiers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haruo Okamura

    2003-01-01

    International standardization activities for Optical Amplifiers at IECTC86 and ITU-T SG15 are reviewed. Current discussions include Optical Amplifier safety guideline, Reliability standard, Rest methods of Noise and PMD, Definitions of Raman amplifier parameters and OA classification.

  20. Nebraska Science Standards: Grades K-12

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nebraska Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This publication presents the Nebraska Science Standards for Grades K-12. The standards are presented according to the following grades: (1) Grades K-2; (2) Grades 3-5; (3) Grades 6-8; and (4) Grades 9-12.

  1. On the domestic standards for Smart Cities

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dmitry Namiot; Manfred Sneps-Sneppe

    2016-01-01

    The article discusses the development and use of standards for Smart Cities. This paper considers the current ecosystem of standards in this area, and analyzes the possible development of work in this direction...

  2. National Water Quality Standards Database (NWQSD)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The National Water Quality Standards Database (WQSDB) provides access to EPA and state water quality standards (WQS) information in text, tables, and maps. This data...

  3. International Financial Reporting Standards and differential reporting

    OpenAIRE

    Jarvis, Robin; Collis, Jill

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines the international development of financial reporting standards for smaller entities from a UK perspective. It examines the three elements of differential reporting: abbreviated accounts, the Financial Reporting Standard for Smaller Entities and exemption from the statutory audit.

  4. 40 CFR 61.192 - Standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... more than 20 picocuries per square meter per second (pCi/(m2-sec)) (1.9 pCi/(ft2-sec)) of radon-222 as... EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions...

  5. 77 FR 71643 - Standard Mail Pricing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL REGULATORY COMMISSION Standard Mail Pricing AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Commission is noticing a recent Postal Service filing concerning Standard Mail pricing and related matters. This...

  6. Chinese Bedding Technology Standard under Drafting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    National Home Textile Standardization Technology Committee(NHTSTC)set up its Bedding Branch Committee. This will promote the work of Chinese bedding technology standardization and a symbol that China step up to meet the

  7. On the Nature of Standards and Patents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bing WANG; Xu LI; Lanxi XIONG

    2008-01-01

    @@ Introduction 'Standard' and 'patent' are the buzz words in China's information and communication technology (ICT) industry. While the government has expressed its intention to promote standardization and patent protec-tion, what direction should enterprises especially domestic ICT companies take?

  8. 24 CFR 3280.703 - Minimum standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 1997 revisions. Ferrous Pipe and Fittings Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped... Wrought Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Tubes—ASTM B251-93. Standard Specification for Seamless Copper...

  9. Series of China Standardization History, Part 5

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Zhongmin

    2011-01-01

    The reform and opening up started in the 1980s drove the standardization undertaking in China began to seek conformity with the international community.Especially after China became a member of WTO in December 2001,the government and enterprises implemented Code of Good Practice for Standardization according to the rules of WTO TBT and WTO SPS.The standardization undertaking has gained new progress.Governments at all levels have attached great importance to the standardization work,not only providing support in policies,but also offering financial and human resources support.Only in China's 10th “Five-Year Plan” started in 2001 and 11th “Five-year Plan” started in 2006 for its economic and social development,the governments at all levels in China had input billions in the standardization work to support the development of various standards,the implementation of standardization pilot projects and the organization of various standardization demonstration areas.

  10. 48 CFR 209.104 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standards. 209.104 Section 209.104 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SYSTEM, DEPARTMENT OF... Standards....

  11. 78 FR 46295 - Enterprise Underwriting Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-31

    ...; ] FEDERAL HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY 12 CFR Part 1254 RIN 2590-AA53 Enterprise Underwriting Standards AGENCY..., concerning underwriting standards for the Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae) and the...

  12. Nursing care plan standardized breastfeeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana de la Flor Picado

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The superiority of human milk in feeding the human infant is incontestable. Breastmilk is a living food can´t be copied and is supported by numerous arguments in support of excellence, both biological and anthropometric or economic. Despite it, has been a significant decline in this practice. Scientific advances, sociological changes and the lack f health personnel have contributed to this expense. Currently, both the WHO and UNICEF cone try relaunching excusive breastfeeding as feeding the infant until 6 months of life. Initiatives whit the Baby Friendly Hospital or the Strategic Plan for the Protection, Promotion and Support of Breastfeeding trying to promote the recognition of breastfeeding as irrefutable cornerstone for optimal growth and development of our children.Goal: Unify care criteria and actions to promote breastfeeding initiation and maintenance of the same, improving communication between professionals and between them and patients.Methodology: Care Development Plan following the NANDA taxonomies, NOC, NIC.Conclusions: Standardized work promotes decision making and performance of nursing staff to develop a happy breastfeeding.

  13. Experiments beyond the standard model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perl, M.L.

    1984-09-01

    This paper is based upon lectures in which I have described and explored the ways in which experimenters can try to find answers, or at least clues toward answers, to some of the fundamental questions of elementary particle physics. All of these experimental techniques and directions have been discussed fully in other papers, for example: searches for heavy charged leptons, tests of quantum chromodynamics, searches for Higgs particles, searches for particles predicted by supersymmetric theories, searches for particles predicted by technicolor theories, searches for proton decay, searches for neutrino oscillations, monopole searches, studies of low transfer momentum hadron physics at very high energies, and elementary particle studies using cosmic rays. Each of these subjects requires several lectures by itself to do justice to the large amount of experimental work and theoretical thought which has been devoted to these subjects. My approach in these tutorial lectures is to describe general ways to experiment beyond the standard model. I will use some of the topics listed to illustrate these general ways. Also, in these lectures I present some dreams and challenges about new techniques in experimental particle physics and accelerator technology, I call these Experimental Needs. 92 references.

  14. Absolute Standards for Climate Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leckey, J.

    2016-10-01

    In a world of changing climate, political uncertainty, and ever-changing budgets, the benefit of measurements traceable to SI standards increases by the day. To truly resolve climate change trends on a decadal time scale, on-orbit measurements need to be referenced to something that is both absolute and unchanging. One such mission is the Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) that will measure a variety of climate variables with an unprecedented accuracy to definitively quantify climate change. In the CLARREO mission, we will utilize phase change cells in which a material is melted to calibrate the temperature of a blackbody that can then be observed by a spectrometer. A material's melting point is an unchanging physical constant that, through a series of transfers, can ultimately calibrate a spectrometer on an absolute scale. CLARREO consists of two primary instruments: an infrared (IR) spectrometer and a reflected solar (RS) spectrometer. The mission will contain orbiting radiometers with sufficient accuracy to calibrate other space-based instrumentation and thus transferring the absolute traceability. The status of various mission options will be presented.

  15. "ENVIRONMENTAL AUDITING STANDARDS ISO14010, 14011, 14012 "

    OpenAIRE

    1998-01-01

    In order to standardize sustainable status of environmental management in productive and industrial activities and commercial and economical relationship, the ISO 14000 standards series guarantee the minimization of the costs, growth accoptancy of society and trade and environmental quality improvement and natural resources. In fact, these standards will help any organization to improve and solve these standards and help to improve and solve their environmental remarks of executive activities...

  16. Japanese National Safety Standards for Electrical Equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Junkichi Sumiya

    2006-01-01

    @@ I am working in Japan electrical safety & environment technology laboratory, which is called JET for short. In JET, we are carrying out the safety test of electrical equipment according to Japanese domestic standards or IEC standards. And in my section, our stuff is drafting some national safety standards harmonized with IEC in cooperation with the government. The standards are applied for the mandatory regulation and other schemes.

  17. 1996 DOE technical standards program workshop: Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-07-01

    The workshop theme is `The Strategic Standardization Initiative - A Technology Exchange and Global Competitiveness Challenge for DOE.` The workshop goal is to inform the DOE technical standards community of strategic standardization activities taking place in the Department, other Government agencies, standards developing organizations, and industry. Individuals working on technical standards will be challenged to improve cooperation and communications with the involved organizations in response to the initiative. Workshop sessions include presentations by representatives from various Government agencies that focus on coordination among and participation of Government personnel in the voluntary standards process; reports by standards organizations, industry, and DOE representatives on current technology exchange programs; and how the road ahead appears for `information superhighway` standardization. Another session highlights successful standardization case studies selected from several sites across the DOE complex. The workshop concludes with a panel discussion on the goals and objectives of the DOE Technical Standards Program as envisioned by senior DOE management. The annual workshop on technical standards has proven to be an effective medium for communicating information related to standards throughout the DOE community. Technical standards are used to transfer technology and standardize work processes to produce consistent, acceptable results. They provide a practical solution to the Department`s challenge to protect the environment and the health and safety of the public and workers during all facility operations. Through standards, the technologies of industries and governments worldwide are available to DOE. The DOE Technical Standards Program, a Department-wide effort that crosscuts all organizations and disciplines, links the Department to those technologies.

  18. 1996 DOE technical standards program workshop: Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-07-01

    The workshop theme is `The Strategic Standardization Initiative - A Technology Exchange and Global Competitiveness Challenge for DOE.` The workshop goal is to inform the DOE technical standards community of strategic standardization activities taking place in the Department, other Government agencies, standards developing organizations, and industry. Individuals working on technical standards will be challenged to improve cooperation and communications with the involved organizations in response to the initiative. Workshop sessions include presentations by representatives from various Government agencies that focus on coordination among and participation of Government personnel in the voluntary standards process; reports by standards organizations, industry, and DOE representatives on current technology exchange programs; and how the road ahead appears for `information superhighway` standardization. Another session highlights successful standardization case studies selected from several sites across the DOE complex. The workshop concludes with a panel discussion on the goals and objectives of the DOE Technical Standards Program as envisioned by senior DOE management. The annual workshop on technical standards has proven to be an effective medium for communicating information related to standards throughout the DOE community. Technical standards are used to transfer technology and standardize work processes to produce consistent, acceptable results. They provide a practical solution to the Department`s challenge to protect the environment and the health and safety of the public and workers during all facility operations. Through standards, the technologies of industries and governments worldwide are available to DOE. The DOE Technical Standards Program, a Department-wide effort that crosscuts all organizations and disciplines, links the Department to those technologies.

  19. THE COMPARISON OF STANDARDIZED PRECIPITATION INDEX (SPI, STANDARDIZED REFERENCE EVAPOTRANSPIRATION INDEX (SEI AND STANDARDIZED CLIMATIC WATER BALANCE (SCWB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Rojek

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The standardized precipitation index (SPI, standardized reference evapotranspiration index (SEI and standardized climatic water balance (SCWB were used to analyze the humidity conditions in the vegetation period of years 1964–2006 in Wrocław-Swojec Observatory. SPI and SEI were calculated on the assumption that empirical monthly precipitation sums and monthly sums of reference evapotraspiration, obtained from Wrocław-Swojec data, are gamma distributed. Since monthly sums of climatic water balance for analogous data are normally distributed, CWB required standardization to SCWB. The aim of study was to compare those three indexes: standardized precipitation index (SPI, standardized reference evapotranspiration index (SEI and standardized climatic water balance (SCWB.

  20. NATO Modelling and Simulation Standards Profile

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huiskamp, W.; Igarza, J.L.; Voiculet, A.

    2012-01-01

    Open and common standards are essential enablers for simulation interoperability and re-use. This includes:  Technical architecture standards - e.g. HLA - the High Level Architecture,  Data interchange standards - e.g. SEDRIS - Synthetic Environment Data Representation and Interchange

  1. 40 CFR 265.1085 - Standards: Tanks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards: Tanks. 265.1085 Section 265... FACILITIES Air Emission Standards for Tanks, Surface Impoundments, and Containers § 265.1085 Standards: Tanks. (a) The provisions of this section apply to the control of air pollutant emissions from tanks...

  2. 40 CFR 264.1084 - Standards: Tanks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards: Tanks. 264.1084 Section 264... Emission Standards for Tanks, Surface Impoundments, and Containers § 264.1084 Standards: Tanks. (a) The provisions of this section apply to the control of air pollutant emissions from tanks for which §...

  3. 40 CFR 63.823 - Standards: General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 10 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards: General. 63.823 Section 63.823 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES (CONTINUED) National Emission Standards for the Printing and...

  4. Accounting for the Uncertainty in Performance Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    deGruijter, Dato N. M.

    The setting of standards involves subjective value judgments. The inherent arbitrariness of specific standards has been severely criticized by Glass. His antagonists agree that standard setting is a judgmental task but they have pointed out that arbitrariness in the positive sense of serious judgmental decisions is unavoidable. Further, small…

  5. Why Educational Standards Are Not Truly Objective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metzgar, Matthew

    2015-01-01

    Educational standards have become a popular choice for setting clear educational targets for students. The language of standards is that they are "objective" as opposed to typical tests which may suffer from bias. This article seeks to further analyze the claims that standards are objective and fair to all. The author focuses on six…

  6. Behavioral Objectives and Standards Movement Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shakouri, Nima; Mirzaee, Sepideh

    2014-01-01

    The present paper sparks a complementary argument that the development of standards movement must not be at the expense of sacrificing the achievement of behavioral objectives. Furthermore, due to the systemic and dynamic nature of standards, standards need to be revised off and on. Besides, the present writers taking a more or less relativist…

  7. New Standard--Criteria for Performance Excellence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Foreword The national standard is proposed by Department of Quality Management, General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China (AQSIQ). The national standard is under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee on Quality Management and Quality Assurance of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 151).

  8. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Machining Skills Cluster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    This document of skill standards for the machining skills cluster serves as a guide to workforce preparation program providers in defining content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition. These 67 occupational skill standards describe what people should know and be able to do in an…

  9. Professional Standards for Australian Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dempsey, Ian; Dally, Kerry

    2014-01-01

    Although professional standards for Australian teachers were developed several years ago, this country is yet to develop such standards for special education teachers. The lack of standards for the special education profession is associated with the absence of a consistent process of accreditation in Australia and a lack of clarity in the pathways…

  10. 7 CFR 51.1527 - Standard pack.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... package. The number of plums or prunes in California peach boxes or lug boxes shall not vary more than 4... Standards for Grades of Fresh Plums and Prunes Standard Pack § 51.1527 Standard pack. (a) Packing. (1) All... plums or prunes in the top layer of any package shall be reasonably representative in quality and...

  11. Standardization for natural product synthetic biology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhao, Huimin; Medema, Marnix H.

    2016-01-01

    Standardization is one of the foundational features of modern-day engineering, and the use of standardized parts and processes is a key element that distinguishes bona fide synthetic biology from traditional genetic engineering. Here, we discuss the role of standardization in natural product

  12. A Cognitive Core for Common State Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, Anderson; Boyce, Steven

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to illustrate cognitive challenges introduced by Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (2010) with regard to conceptualizing fractions. We focus on a strand of standards that appear across grades three through five, which is best represented in grade four, by standard 4.NF.4a: "[Students should] understand a…

  13. 42 CFR 493.1101 - Standard: Facilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standard: Facilities. 493.1101 Section 493.1101... (CONTINUED) STANDARDS AND CERTIFICATION LABORATORY REQUIREMENTS Facility Administration for Nonwaived Testing § 493.1101 Standard: Facilities. (a) The laboratory must be constructed, arranged, and maintained to...

  14. Dosimetry requirements derived from the sterilization standards

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Miller, A.

    1998-01-01

    The main standards for radiation sterilization, ISO 11137 and EN 552, rest the documentation for the properly executed sterilization process on dosimetry. Both standards describe general requirements to the dosimetry system: The dose measurements must be traceable to national standards, the uncer...

  15. 76 FR 15856 - Standards of Conduct

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-22

    ... ADMINISTRATION 41 CFR Part 105-735 RIN 3090-AJ10 Standards of Conduct AGENCY: General Services Administration... standards of conduct. DATES: Effective Date: This final rule is effective March 22, 2011. FOR FURTHER..., November 1, 1995 which codified GSA's supplemental standards of ethical conduct in the new 5 CFR part 6701...

  16. 40 CFR 61.252 - Standard.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS National Emission Standards for Radon Emissions From Operating Mill Tailings § 61.252 Standard. (a) Radon-222 emissions to the ambient air from an existing uranium mill tailings pile shall not exceed 20 pCi/(m2-sec) (1.9 pCi/(ft2-sec)) of radon-222. (b)...

  17. Common Core State Standards and Adaptive Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamil, Michael L.

    2016-01-01

    This article examines the issues of how Common Core State Standards (CCSS) will impact adaptive teaching. It focuses on 2 of the major differences between conventional standards and CCSS: the increased complexity of text and the addition of disciplinary literacy standards to reading instruction. The article argues that adaptive teaching under CCSS…

  18. New Standards Aim to Guide Sex Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Nirvi

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on national standards about sexuality, sexual health, and relationships that outline topics students should learn, starting in kindergarten, and that they can build on as they grow older. The standards--an initiative by groups concerned with student health and sex education--are intended to mimic content standards for other…

  19. Quality model for semantic IS standards

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Folmer, E.J.A.

    2011-01-01

    Semantic IS (Information Systems) standards are essential for achieving interoperability between organizations. However a recent survey suggests that not the full benefits of standards are achieved, due to the quality issues. This paper presents a quality model for semantic IS standards, that should

  20. 50 CFR 270.15 - Quality standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Quality standards. 270.15 Section 270.15... Quality standards. (a) Each Council may develop and submit to NMFS for approval or, upon the request of a Council, NMFS will develop quality standards for the species of fish or fish products described in...

  1. National Standardization Conference 2003 held in Haikou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Li Zhonghai, diector of Standardization Administration of China,pointed out in the national standardization conference held in Haikou,Haian provice on Feb 27th,2003 that technical standard,the important part of productive forces,should adapt to the historical transformation of Chinese economy management system and operating mechanisms, and serve economic construction and social development.

  2. Standardization Activities in TMF Test Methodologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verrilli, M. J.; Castelli, M. G.; Bressers, J.; Oehmke, R. L. T.

    1996-01-01

    No standard test practice currently exists for strain-controlled thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) testing. This paper discusses recent activities which lay the foundation for standardization of TMF test methods. Specifically, the paper documents the results of two interlaboratory TMF test programs, identifies key TMF symposia and workshops, and discusses efforts toward drafting a TMF standard test practice.

  3. 40 CFR 63.1012 - Compressor standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... measured during each compliance test. (g) Reciprocating compressor exemption. Any existing reciprocating... 40 Protection of Environment 10 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compressor standards. 63.1012 Section... Emission Standards for Equipment Leaks-Control Level 1 § 63.1012 Compressor standards. (a)...

  4. Fundamentals of National Standardization Work in 2007

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The overall requirements for standardization work in 2007 are to continuously push forward the implementation of the national standardization strategy, to comprehensively improve the effectiveness of standardization in upgrading product quality, to promote industrial development, to save resources and build a harmonious society, and to further enhance the strategic position of China in international trade.

  5. 40 CFR 265.18 - Location standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... FACILITIES General Facility Standards § 265.18 Location standards. The placement of any hazardous waste in a... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Location standards. 265.18 Section 265.18 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES...

  6. EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility) Standards Handbook. Revision 4,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-11-01

    Regulations arc prepared EMC November 1982 3-2 STANDARDS HANDBOOK REVISION DATE SECTION-PAGE by VDE Standards Committees (VDE Normen Ausschuss). Individual...regulation has a well- % publicized review that is coordinated with the German Standards Institute (Deutches Institute fuer Normen , DIN) and the German

  7. The Copyright Issue on Chinese Standards

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ 1. Introduction Standardization is an important fundamental technical work for national economic and social development.With the economic globalization and fast development of science and technology, standards have gone deep into many fields of the economy and social life, the importance of standards is becoming more and more prominent.

  8. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Medical Office Cluster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These skill standards, developed through a consortium of educational and industry partners in Illinois, serve as guides to workforce preparation program providers to define content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition and performance. The skill standards include the following…

  9. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Nursing Cluster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These skill standards, developed through a consortium of educational and industry partners in Illinois, serve as guides to workforce preparation program providers to define content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition and performance. The skill standards include the following…

  10. Illinois Occupational Skill Standards: Press Operations Cluster.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illinois Occupational Skill Standards and Credentialing Council, Carbondale.

    These skill standards, developed through a consortium of educational and industry partners in Illinois, serve as guides to workforce preparation program providers to define content for their programs and to employers to establish the skills and standards necessary for job acquisition and performance. The skill standards include the following…

  11. 49 CFR 384.202 - Test standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Test standards. 384.202 Section 384.202... COMMERCIAL DRIVER'S LICENSE PROGRAM Minimum Standards for Substantial Compliance by States § 384.202 Test standards. No State shall authorize a person to operate a CMV unless such person passes a knowledge...

  12. 40 CFR 264.343 - Performance standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Performance standards. 264.343 Section...) STANDARDS FOR OWNERS AND OPERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE TREATMENT, STORAGE, AND DISPOSAL FACILITIES Incinerators § 264.343 Performance standards. An incinerator burning hazardous waste must be...

  13. 36 CFR 254.15 - Title standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Title standards. 254.15... ADJUSTMENTS Land Exchanges § 254.15 Title standards. (a) Title evidence. (1) Unless otherwise specified by the... and “Standards for the Preparation of Title Evidence in Land Acquisitions by the United States”...

  14. 45 CFR 617.3 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standards. 617.3 Section 617.3 Public Welfare... OF AGE IN PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FROM NSF § 617.3 Standards. Standards for determining whether an age distinction or age-related term is prohibited are set out in...

  15. 48 CFR 1437.7002 - Appraisal standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Appraisal standards. 1437... standards. (a) All real property appraisals for condemnation purposes shall be consistent with requirements of the Interagency Land Acquisition Conference publication “Uniform Appraisal Standards for...

  16. 78 FR 37200 - Peanut Standards Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-20

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Peanut Standards Board AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION... Bill) requires the Secretary of Agriculture to establish a Peanut Standards Board (Board) for the purpose of advising the Secretary on quality and handling standards for domestically produced and...

  17. 40 CFR 60.592a - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 60.592a Section 60.592a Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Equipment Leaks of VOC in...

  18. 28 CFR 37.12 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 37.12 Section 37.12 Judicial... OF THE REHABILITATION ACT OF 1973 § 37.12 Standards. In any investigation, compliance review, hearing or other proceeding, the standards used to determine whether section 504 has been violated in...

  19. 40 CFR 60.592 - Standards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 60.592 Section 60.592 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Equipment Leaks of VOC in...

  20. 77 FR 56178 - Peanut Standards Board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-12

    ... Agricultural Marketing Service Peanut Standards Board AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing Service, USDA. ACTION... Bill) requires the Secretary of Agriculture to establish a Peanut Standards Board (Board) for the purpose of advising the Secretary on quality and handling standards for domestically produced and...