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Sample records for luzeaux jean sallantin

  1. Jean Bodin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harste, Gorm

    2009-01-01

    Jean Bodin (1530 - 1596) skabte teorien om statens suverænitet. Staten er indplaceret på et niveau mellem lokale  domstole og pave/kejser. Grunden til at staten kan få en permanent status er, at den netop på Bodins tid udstyrerede sig som en etat med en hierarikisk opbygget centraladministration...

  2. Jeans' Ghost

    CERN Document Server

    Gumrukcuoglu, A Emir; Sotiriou, Thomas P

    2016-01-01

    We show that a massless canonical scalar field minimally coupled to general relativity can become a tachyonic ghost at low energies around a background in which the scalar's gradient is spacelike. By performing a canonical transformation we demonstrate that this low energy ghost can be recast, at the level of the action, in a form of a fluid that undergoes a Jeans-like instability affecting only modes with large wavelength. This illustrates that low-energy tachyonic ghosts do not lead to a catastrophic quantum vacuum instability, unlike the usual high-energy ghost degrees of freedom.

  3. Jeans instability in superfluids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hason, Itamar; Oz, Yaron [Tel-Aviv University, Raymond and Beverly Sackler School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv (Israel)

    2014-11-15

    We analyze the effect of a gravitational field on the sound modes of superfluids. We derive an instability condition that generalizes the well-known Jeans instability of the sound mode in normal fluids. We discuss potential experimental implications. (orig.)

  4. Sir James Jeans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milne, E. A.

    2013-09-01

    Memoir by S. C. Roberts; 1. Merchant Taylor's and Cambridge; 2. Princeton, 1905-9; 3. Return to England. The Adams Prize essay, 1909-19; 4. Secretary of the Royal Society, 1919-29; 5. Popular exposition, 1929-30; 6. Later years, 1931-46; 7. Science in Jeans's boyhood; 8. The partition of energy; 9. Rotating fluid masses; 10. Star clusters; 11. The equilibrium of the stars; 12. Jeans and philosophy; Bibliography; Index.

  5. Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterken, C.

    2003-03-01

    This paper gives a short account of some key elements in the life of Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768-1830), specifically his relation to Napoleon Bonaparte. The mathematical approach to Fourier series and the original scepticism by French mathematicians are briefly illustrated.

  6. Homage to Jean Roche

    CERN Multimedia

    2010-01-01

    It was with deep sadness that we learnt that Jean Roche had died. Jean was one of those quietly efficient and conscientious pillars of our community who beaver away unobtrusively for decades and make such a contribution to building CERN. An expert in thermal engineering, he left his mark on many buildings on the Meyrin and Prévessin sites. At the time of the LEP project at the beginning of the 1980s he was in charge of defining the principles of the ventilation systems for the new accelerator. Through his design studies and the calls for tenders that he launched, he developed these high-performance state-of-the-art installations which not only made LEP’s successes possible but also served as benchmarks for the fundamental principles underpinning the design of the LHC ventilation system. Jean always liked to surround himself with young people and during the years of his stewardship the design office was a splendid training ground. Despite his responsibilities, Jean was always keen t...

  7. Jean-Yves Hemery

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2010-01-01

    The family, friends and colleagues of Jean-Yves HEMERY are sad to announce his accidental death on 24 September, at the age of 63, in Priziac. A funeral service has already taken place in his native region of Brittany and a commemoration will be held at the Mairie de Cessy, on Tuesday 12 October at 1.30 p.m., prior to the burial at the cemetery. Jean-Yves joined CERN in 1973 and worked first at the ISR for ten years and then on the beam instrumentation at LEP. The last twelve years of his career were his most fulfilling as he did great work on the beam design for the LEAR facility at the PS. Since retiring in 2007 his main occupation had been the renovation of his small house in Brittany. His Family and friends

  8. Jean Gervaise 1921 -2007

    CERN Document Server

    2007-01-01

    Jean Gervaise, a pioneer of metrology at CERN, passed away on 10 April. A French geodesist, he was behind the creation and development of CERN's metrology group and was a consistently fervent advocate of innovation to meet the increasingly demanding alignment needs of the accelerators and detectors. Under his leadership, metrology at CERN acquired international renown. Jean Gervaise taking measurements with invar wire and a theodolite on a pillar at the PS. In spite of the disruptions caused by the second world war, Jean Gervaise was able to complete an engineering degree at the Ecole nationale des Sciences géographiques in Paris, which led to a first job in the prestigious Geodesy Department of the Institut géographique national (IGN). This 'queen of disciplines', as he called it, is the most scientific and most complex of the branches of cartography, offering opportunities for exciting and varied - sometimes highly adventurous - missions at home and abroad. The rich experience he acquired here helped to...

  9. Le blue-jean

    OpenAIRE

    Miller, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    Le Blue-jean: pourquoi la technologie vient en dernier. La plupart des personnes pensent que la technique (ou la technologie) correspond à ce qui vient en amont du produit. Dans cet article, Daniel Miller s’intéresse plutôt à des cas dans lesquels l’ordre de la séquence est renversé et où le produit précède, ou initie, en quelque sorte, la technique. L’auteur commence par décrire les techniques d’usure artificielle des blue jeans  : une technique qui vise à copier les effets du port des blue ...

  10. À Jean Serroy

    OpenAIRE

    Roukhomovsky, Bernard

    2008-01-01

    Puisque nous avons choisi, cher Jean Serroy, de placer cet hommage sous le signe du rire, je me plais à imaginer que quelque recueil de clefs tardivement découvert viendra nous confirmer ce que nous devinons : que le portrait qu’on vient de lire au seuil de ce volume est bien le vôtre. Et, le plus sérieusement du monde, je plaiderais volontiers pour l’attribution de ce texte à l’auteur des Caractères, n’était la difficulté chronologique qu’une telle hypothèse soulève, et l’extraordinaire long...

  11. Interview With Jean Laplanche.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laplanche, Jean; Danon, Gisèle; Lauru, Didier

    2015-10-01

    The starting point for this interview with Jean Laplanche is a question regarding the place of infantile sexuality within psychoanalysis today. Laplanche begins by underscoring the audaciousness of Freud's characterization of infantile sexuality and the significance of the expansion of the field of "the sexual" that this characterization entails. He goes on to outline his celebrated "general theory of seduction." In doing so he explains key terms associated with it, such as the "enigmatic message" and the "fundamental anthropological situation," and clarifies how the theory seeks to account for sexuality in the expanded sense. In particular, Laplanche stresses the intersubjective origins of "drive" sexuality in infancy, its chaotic evolution, its unique economic mode of functioning, and its subsequent conflict with innate "instinctual" sexual impulses that surge forth at puberty. He also positions the general theory of seduction in relation to the important advances made by attachment theory in the field of the adult-child relationship. Throughout the interview, the discussion touches on social contexts, and at points Laplanche outlines positions on topical concerns connected to education, media, and the law, and the importance of rethinking certain psychoanalytic paradigms in an age of new family structures that do not correspond to the nuclear unit.

  12. de Jean Watson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thaís Schossler

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio tuvo como objetivo conocer la percepción del cuidador domiciliario del anciano acerca del cuidado de sí mismo, teniendo como base teórica a Jean Watson en su Teoría del Cuidado Humano. La investigación se caracterizó por un abordaje cualitativo, de tipo exploratorio-descriptivo, el cual fue desarrollado en la Unidad de la Vila Floresta con nueve cuidadores domiciliarios de ancianos, integrantes del Programa de Atención a Domicilio. La recolección de informaciones se realizó en el período de agosto a octubre de 2006, por medio de una entrevista parcialmente estructurada. Se utilizó el análisis de contenido de Bardin y emergieron las categorías: compartir el cuidado al anciano - una posibilidad para cuidar de sí mismo; descansar, pasear, dormir, uno no tiene más ese derecho; presencia de la familia: una necesidad sentida por el cuidador domiciliar; (desequilibrio del cuerpo físico y mental, una resultante percibida en el (descuidado de sí mismo. Se concluye que el cuidador domiciliario es el principal responsable por el cuidado del anciano y que el cuidado de sí mismo se hace presente en su realidad.

  13. Jeans instability in the linearized Burnett regime

    CERN Document Server

    García-Colin, L S

    2005-01-01

    Jeans instability is derived for the case of a low density self-gravitating gas beyond the Navier-Stokes equations. The Jeans instability criterium is shown to depend on a Burnett coefficient if the formalism is taken up to fourth order in the wave number. It is also shown that previously known viscosity corrections to the Jeans wave-number are enhanced if the full fourth order formalism is applied to the stability analysis.

  14. Entrevista a Jean Michel Vappereau

    OpenAIRE

    Orejuela, Johnny Javier; Universidad San buenaventura; Quintero, John Alexander; Universidad de San Buenaventura

    2013-01-01

    La presente es un fragmento de la entrevista1 hecha al profesor y psicoanalista Jean Michel Vappereau que se llevó a cabo el 28 de abril de 2013 en un hotel de la ciudad de Cali. Johnny Orejuela y John Quintero dialogaron con el reconocido matemático, estudioso de Freud y Lacan, sobre temas derivados de sus intervenciones en el III Seminario Latinoamericano de Psicoanálisis: La Actualidad de la Clínica Psicoanalítica efectuado en la Universidad de San Buenaventura Cali. La conversación contó ...

  15. Child Psychologist:Jean Piaget

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭大任

    2006-01-01

    Jean Piaget(1896-1980),a professor of psychology at theUniversity of Geneva from 1929 to 1954,was a French Swissdevelopmental psychologist who is most well known for organizingcognitive development into a series of stages,including Sensorimotor,Pheoperational,Concrete Operational,and Formal Operational.Piaget’s theory supposes that people develop schemas(conceptualmodels)by either assimilating or accommodating new information.These concepts can be explained as fitting information in to existingschemas,and altering existing schemas in order to accommodate newinformation,respectively.

  16. Jean Rouch e o Surrealismo

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela Dumaresq

    2007-01-01

    Jean Rouch explored the fortuitous, as well as dreams and theimagination of his actors in creating his films. These features identify him as one of the heirs of Surrealism. This article analyzes how his films tackle the ideas of the movement that agitated France in the 1920s. Thus, it presents the discourse constructed by Rouche’s analysts on the relations between his work and Surrealism. It then proceeds to analyse the films La Punition, 1960, and Gare du Nord, 1965. This article proposes that ...

  17. Honoring Jean-David Rochaix.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Govindjee; Redding, Kevin

    2017-02-01

    We honor Jean-David Rochaix, an outstanding scholar of chloroplast biogenesis and photosynthesis, who received the prestigious Lifetime Achievement Award of the International Society of Photosynthesis Research at its 17th International Photosynthesis Congress held in Maastricht, The Netherlands (August 5-12, 2016). With this award he joins other major discoverers in the field of photosynthesis: Pierre Joliot (of France, 2013); Ulrich W. Heber* (of Germany, 2010) and Kenneth Sauer (of USA, 2010); Jan M. Anderson* (of Australia, 2007); and Horst T. Witt* (of Germany, 2004). See "Appendix 1" for the list of those who have received the ISPR Communication, Innovation, Calvin-Benson, and Hill awards.

  18. Brief Analysis on Jean Eyre’s Characters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Xiu-nan

    2014-01-01

    Charlotte Bronte creates a new woman image-Jean Eyre in Jean Eyre. Analyzing briefly Jean’s characters makes us know why the characer has eternal vitality. The character of Jean Eyre is still of great practical significance.

  19. Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Anna Marie; Jørgensen, René Langdahl

    Pixiebog til undervisning ifm. sommerskole afholdt af Center for Food Science, Design and Experience, august 2010. Forfatteren og gastronomen Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin.......Pixiebog til undervisning ifm. sommerskole afholdt af Center for Food Science, Design and Experience, august 2010. Forfatteren og gastronomen Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin....

  20. Jean Desmet’s Dream Factory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eline Grignard

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Exhibition review of "Jean Desmet’s Dream Factory. The Adventurous Years of Film (1907-1916" held in Eye Film Instituut in Amsterdam. Paying hommage to film operator and collector Jean Desmet, the exhibition presents a wide range of the film collection as well as a number of rare archival materials.

  1. Jean Bricmont, Noam Chomsky, activiste

    OpenAIRE

    Eyebiyi, Elieth P.

    2014-01-01

    Dans cet ouvrage, Jean Bricmont tente non seulement de décrire l’activisme d’un auteur controversé et peu connu mais aussi de restituer une pensée riche sur les fondements et modalités de l’activisme. En dépit de la qualité de ses réflexions, Noam Chomsky semble avoir été l’objet d’un certain ostracisme parce qu’il ramait à contre-courant de la pensée politique contextuelle, sur des sujets par ailleurs controversés comme la guerre. Sur la forme, la configuration de l’ouvrage amène l’auteur à ...

  2. Entrevista a Jean Michel Vappereau

    OpenAIRE

    Quintero, John; Universidad de San Buenaventura

    2010-01-01

    John Quintero: En un reportaje sobre usted, hecho por Mirtha Benítez y Ariel Pernicone, publicado en la página web de la revista Fort-Da en octubre de 2000,1 menciona el impacto que le produjo la lectura del texto Más allá del principio del placer de Freud. ¿Cuál fue ese impacto?Jean Michel Vappereau: Bien, quiero responderle de una manera ordenada. Usted sabe que he hecho estudios de matemática. Para mí el psicoanálisis no tenía nada que ver con las matemáticas ni con la ciencia.

  3. Jean Rouch (1917-2004)

    OpenAIRE

    Adler, Alfred; Cartry, Michel

    2005-01-01

    Ethnologue et cinéaste, figure centrale de la recherche africaniste en France, auteur d’une œuvre (livres, articles et films) qui transforma notre regard sur les civilisations africaines d’hier et d’aujourd’hui, Jean Rouch nous a quittés brutalement. Il est mort d’un accident de la route lors d’un voyage au Niger, un pays qu’il découvrit pour la première fois en 1941 et qu’il finit par adopter comme sa seconde patrie, y séjournant chaque année pour observer et filmer un rituel ou quelque épis...

  4. Jean Rouch e o Surrealismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Dumaresq

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Jean Rouch explored the fortuitous, as well as dreams and theimagination of his actors in creating his films. These features identify him as one of the heirs of Surrealism. This article analyzes how his films tackle the ideas of the movement that agitated France in the 1920s. Thus, it presents the discourse constructed by Rouche’s analysts on the relations between his work and Surrealism. It then proceeds to analyse the films La Punition, 1960, and Gare du Nord, 1965. This article proposes that Rouch is not guided by the most famous surrealist images denaturalizing daily life. On the contrary, he will create another kind of surrealist images.

  5. Entrevista a Jean Michel Vappereau

    OpenAIRE

    Quintero, John; Universidad de San Buenaventura

    2010-01-01

    John Quintero: En un reportaje sobre usted, hecho por Mirtha Benítez y Ariel Pernicone, publicado en la página web de la revista Fort-Da en octubre de 2000,1 menciona el impacto que le produjo la lectura del texto Más allá del principio del placer de Freud. ¿Cuál fue ese impacto?Jean Michel Vappereau: Bien, quiero responderle de una manera ordenada. Usted sabe que he hecho estudios de matemática. Para mí el psicoanálisis no tenía nada que ver con las matemáticas ni con la ciencia.

  6. Jean-Marie Dufour 1937-2007

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Jean-Marie Dufour, who was head of the CERN Legal Service from 1974 until his retirement in 2001, passed away on 8 July. Following his arrival at CERN in 1966 during the crucial phase of expansion of the Laboratory’s site, Jean-Marie Dufour ensured that CERN’s rules were applied while taking part in essential stages of the Organization’s development. With his fine mind and erudition, Jean-Marie Dufour, a staunch European devoted to the CERN cause, has left his mark on the Legal Service. The Service will publish a tribute to him in a forthcoming issue of the Bulletin.

  7. Jean Piaget' teos mõttestruktuuridest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    TPÜ kasvatusteaduste teaduskond esitles 29. okt. 2002.a. Šveitsi psühholoogi Jean Piaget' ja Alina Szeminska teost "Arvumõiste kujunemine lapsel". Kommenteerib TPÜ psühholoogiaprofessor Voldemar Kolga

  8. Jeans stability in collisional quantum dusty magnetoplasmas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jamil, M.; Asif, M. [Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Mir, Zahid [Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Superior University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Salimullah, M. [Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka 1342 (Bangladesh)

    2014-09-15

    Jeans instability is examined in detail in uniform dusty magnetoplasmas taking care of collisional and non-zero finite thermal effects in addition to the quantum characteristics arising through the Bohm potential and the Fermi degenerate pressure using the quantum hydrodynamic model of plasmas. It is found that the presence of the dust-lower-hybrid wave, collisional effects of plasma species, thermal effects of electrons, and the quantum mechanical effects of electrons have significance over the Jeans instability. Here, we have pointed out a new class of dissipative instability in quantum plasma regime.

  9. Jean Piaget's Debt to John Dewey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Jean Piaget became a veritable institution unto himself in education and psychology, largely as the result of his developmental-stage theory advanced over the second quarter of the twentieth century. Not until Piaget was 73 did he make mention of John Dewey's work at Dewey's laboratory school, founded in 1894 at the University of Chicago. But here…

  10. Jean Tague-Sutcliffe on Measuring Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fricke, Martin

    1998-01-01

    Jean Tague-Sutcliffe's book "Measuring Information" offers a theory to permit the measurement of information services by means of the user-centered notion of the subjective information associated with the interaction between a user and a record on an occasion. Some suggestions are made to improve the theory's foundations. (Author/AEF)

  11. Jean Piaget's Debt to John Dewey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanner, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    Jean Piaget became a veritable institution unto himself in education and psychology, largely as the result of his developmental-stage theory advanced over the second quarter of the twentieth century. Not until Piaget was 73 did he make mention of John Dewey's work at Dewey's laboratory school, founded in 1894 at the University of Chicago. But here…

  12. Avoiding the Negative: Blue Jeans Baseball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maggard, Bob

    1978-01-01

    Blue Jeans Baseball, for eight- to twelve-year old children, is based on the concept that everyone plays. No coaches are allowed; everyone bats once per inning; defensive players rotate positions. These and other rules reduce the emphasis on competition and increase the emphasis on skill development. (MJB)

  13. Jeans instability in classical and modified gravity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E.V. Arbuzova

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Gravitational instability in classical Jeans theory, General Relativity, and modified gravity is considered. The background density increase leads to a faster growth of perturbations in comparison with the standard theory. The transition to the Newtonian gauge in the case of coordinate dependent background metric functions is studied. For modified gravity a new high frequency stable solution is found.

  14. Jeans instability in classical and modified gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arbuzova, E.V., E-mail: arbuzova@uni-dubna.ru [Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); Department of Higher Mathematics, University “Dubna”, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Dolgov, A.D., E-mail: dolgov@fe.infn.it [Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, 630090 (Russian Federation); ITEP, Bol. Cheremushkinsaya ul., 25, 113259 Moscow (Russian Federation); Dipartimento di Fisica e Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Polo Scientifico e Tecnologico – Edificio C, Via Saragat 1, 44122 Ferrara (Italy); Reverberi, L., E-mail: reverberi@fe.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica e Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Polo Scientifico e Tecnologico – Edificio C, Via Saragat 1, 44122 Ferrara (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Ferrara, Polo Scientifico e Tecnologico – Edificio C, Via Saragat 1, 44122 Ferrara (Italy)

    2014-12-12

    Gravitational instability in classical Jeans theory, General Relativity, and modified gravity is considered. The background density increase leads to a faster growth of perturbations in comparison with the standard theory. The transition to the Newtonian gauge in the case of coordinate dependent background metric functions is studied. For modified gravity a new high frequency stable solution is found.

  15. Gravitation Field Dynamics in Jeans Theory

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A. A. Stupka

    2008-09-01

    Closed system of time equations for nonrelativistic gravitation field and hydrodynamic medium was obtained by taking into account binary correlations of the field, which is the generalization of Jeans theory. Distribution function of the systemwas built on the basis of the Bogolyubov reduced description method. Calculations were carried out up to the first order of a perturbation theory in interaction. Adiabatic and enthropic types of perturbations were corrected and two new types of perturbations were found.

  16. Gravitation Field Dynamics in Jeans Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Stupka, A A

    2016-01-01

    Closed system of time equations for nonrelativistic gravitation field and hydrodynamic medium was obtained by taking into account binary correlations of the field, which is the generalization of Jeans theory. Distribution function of the systemwas built on the basis of the Bogolyubov reduced description method. Calculations were carried out up to the first order of a perturbation theory in interaction. Adiabatic and enthropic types of perturbations were corrected and two new types of perturbations were found.

  17. Parole in Jeans: poetry and telematics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Barisone

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Presentation of project "Parole in Jeans" focuses on poetry and telematics under more 'general education reading in a multimedia context. The theme concerns "the culture of the various Italian regions" created through a collaborative implemented electronically between Genoa Middle School, Udine and Padua. The main aim 'to promote reading, comprehension and production of poetic texts in an interdisciplinary context and key media.

  18. Analysis of Jeans instability from Boltzmann equation

    CERN Document Server

    Kremer, Gilberto M

    2015-01-01

    The dynamics of self-gravitating fluids is analyzed within the framework of a collisionless Boltzmann equation in the presence of gravitational fields and Poisson equation. The equilibrium distribution function takes into account the expansion of the Universe and a pressureless fluid in the matter dominated Universe. Without invoking Jeans "swindle" a dispersion relation is obtained by considering small perturbations of the equilibrium values of the distribution function and gravitational potential. The collapse criterion -- which happens in an unstable region where the solution grows exponentially with time -- is determined from the dispersion relation. The collapse criterion in a static Universe occurs when the wavenumber $k$ is smaller than the Jeans wavenumber $k_J$, which was the solution found by Jeans. For an expanding Universe it is shown that this criterion is $k\\leq\\sqrt{7/6}\\,k_J$. As a consequence the ratio of the mass contained in a sphere of diameter equal to the wavelength $\\lambda=2\\pi/k$ to t...

  19. Jean-Marie Dufour 1937-2007

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Picture taken by Rudiger Voss in the Legal Service LibraryJean-Marie Dufour, CERN Legal Advisor from 1974 until his retirement in 2001, passed away on 8 July. For us, his colleagues in the Legal Service, Jean-Marie was a tutor and a reference, who passed on to us his passion for the practice of law in an intergovernmental organisation. As a boss, his abiding managerial quality was his unstinting loyalty to his collaborators. Jean-Marie joined CERN in 1966 and for the next 35 years was to be the guardian of the Laboratory’s rules. This was his view of the Organization: "...I have discovered [at CERN] a fascinating universe driven by two forces: science and Europe; a world of physicists and engineers who, encouraged by the States of Europe, run a remarkable Laboratory, where Europeans have achieved reconciliation and restored the grand tradition of European physics, attracting physicists from around the world; a Laboratory that transcends not only the fro...

  20. Ivresse et militantisme : Olivier Rolin, Jean Rolin, Jean-Pierre Le Dantec

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mélanie Lamarre

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Respectivement nés en 1943, en 1947 et en 1949, Jean-Pierre Le Dantec, Olivier Rolin et Jean Rolin font tous les trois partie, après Mai soixante-huit, de la Gauche prolétarienne, une organisation d’extrême gauche « maoïste» qui s’autodissout au tournant des années 1973-1974, après cinq ans d’activité dont trois dans la clandestinité. Jean-PierreLe Dantec devient professeur d’architecture et l’auteur de quatre romans. Olivier Rolin devient écrivain, et pratique des activités de journaliste et...

  1. Periumbilical allergic contact dermatitis: blue jeans or belt buckles?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byer, Tara T; Morrell, Dean S

    2004-01-01

    Nickel is the most ubiquitous contact allergen among children and adolescents. Metal blue jeans buttons and belts have been noted to cause nickel dermatitis around the umbilicus. For these children, traditional teaching is strict avoidance of all pants with metal snaps/buttons, particularly blue jeans. In this study we tested 90 pairs of blue jeans and 47 belts for nickel using the dimethylglyoxime spot test. Only 10% of blue jeans tested positive, while 53% of belts tested positive. Furthermore, 10 pairs of nickel-negative blue jeans remained negative after 10 washings. Overall we found no resistance to testing in clothing stores. From these results, we recommend that patients with allergic contact dermatitis secondary to nickel need not strictly avoid blue jeans and metal belt buckles. Rather, families should be encouraged to use the dimethylglyoxime spot test to test these items for nickel prior to purchase.

  2. Farewell Jean-Marie Good Luck Eva Welcome back Franz

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    At the farewell reception offered by the Director-General, Professor Luciano Maiani, on the occasion of Jean-Marie Dufour's retirement from CERN, three generations of CERN Legal Counsel met. From right to left: Jean-Marie Dufour, who retires on 30 November 2001, after 35 years of service. Eva-Maria Gröniger-Voss, who takes over from Jean-Marie Dufour on 1st December 2001. Ambassador Franz Schmid, CERN Legal Counsel from 1971 to 1974.

  3. Jean-Baptiste Charcot and Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teive, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni; Lima, Carlos Frederico Leite de Souza; Lima, Plínio Marcos Garcia de; Germiniani, Francisco Manoel Branco; Munhoz, Renato Puppi

    2014-08-01

    Jean-Baptiste Charcot, a neurologist from the famous Salpêtrière school and a renowned maritime explorer, visited Brazil twice. The first visit was in 1903, when the first French Antarctic expedition, traveling aboard the ship Français, made a very short stopover in Recife, in the state of Pernambuco. The second took place in 1908, during the famous voyage of the Pourquoi Pas? to the Antarctic, when Charcot and his crew stayed in the city of Rio de Janeiro for eight days.

  4. Jean-Baptiste Charcot and Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélio Afonso Ghizoni Teive

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Baptiste Charcot, a neurologist from the famous Salpêtrière school and a renowned maritime explorer, visited Brazil twice. The first visit was in 1903, when the first French Antarctic expedition, traveling aboard the ship Français, made a very short stopover in Recife, in the state of Pernambuco. The second took place in 1908, during the famous voyage of the Pourquoi Pas? to the Antarctic, when Charcot and his crew stayed in the city of Rio de Janeiro for eight days.

  5. Low energy ghosts and the Jeans' instability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gümrükçüoǧlu, A. Emir; Mukohyama, Shinji; Sotiriou, Thomas P.

    2016-09-01

    We show that a massless canonical scalar field minimally coupled to general relativity can become a tachyonic ghost at low energies around a background in which the scalar's gradient is spacelike. By performing a canonical transformation we demonstrate that this low energy ghost can be recast, at the level of the action, in a form of a fluid that undergoes a Jeans-like instability affecting only modes with large wavelength. This illustrates that low energy tachyonic ghosts do not lead to a catastrophic quantum vacuum instability, unlike the usual high-energy ghost degrees of freedom.

  6. Remarques de Jean-Claude Risset

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Claude Risset

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Claude Risset analyzes the role of computer science in relation to the creation of music, highlighting the need for the composers to create their ‘own’ resources through a specific research activity, similar to what happened in the path that has seen the birth and development of the electric technologies and, later, of the digital ones. Activities that can and should – thanks to the possibilities increasingly offered today by programming languages – be kept alive, so that we can achieve a new type of complementarity between the composer and the work, as called for by Célestin Deliège.

  7. Jean Starobinski e la storia della medicina

    OpenAIRE

    Aldo Trucchio

    2014-01-01

    Jean Starobinski is well-known for his critical studies on 18th century French literature, but has also been constantly interested in the history of medicine. Before starting to teach History of ideas and French modern literature at the University of Geneva, he graduated with a thesis on the history of the treatment of melancholy and practised medicine at the Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève and at the Psychiatric clinic of Cery. His familiarity with both literary theory and scientific pract...

  8. Jean-Paul Diss (1928-2012)

    CERN Multimedia

    2012-01-01

    We were greatly saddened to learn of the sudden death of Dr Jean-Paul Diss at his home on 7 June 2012.   Jean-Paul studied medicine at the Strasbourg Faculty of Medicine and began his career as an occupational medical practitioner at the Mulhouse potash mines. He then came to CERN in 1965 to set up a Medical Service at the request of the then CERN Director-General, Professor Weisskopf. He was the first person to hold the position of Head of the Medical Service and he invested all his energies to provide the Organization with an occupational healthcare unit worthy of the name. As a pioneer of occupational medicine, he worked tirelessly to improve the working conditions of the members of the personnel and continued to be solicitous about the health of every member of the personnel until his retirement in 1993.  Over the past twenty years, he remained active within the CERN Pensioners Association, in particular as the pensioners’ representative on the CERN Health Insuran...

  9. Eneseotsingutee / Jean-Charles Hue ; intervjueerinud Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hue, Jean-Charles, 1968-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis on 12. juunini 2011 vaadata prantsuse videokunstniku Jean-Charles Hue' näitus "Tattoo Fight" ("Tätorebimine"), kuraator Harry Liivrand. Kunstnikust, kelle emapoolsed sugulased on Prantsusmaa mustlased ehk yéniche'id. Jean-Charles Hue yéniche'itest, nende olukorrast Prantsusmaal, oma loomingust, pikemalt mustlaste teema käsitlemisest

  10. Jean Nouveli supermodernism Barcelonas / Raili Seppänen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seppänen, Raili

    2005-01-01

    2005. a. suvel valmivast prantsuse arhitekti Jean Nouveli (sünd. 1945) projekteeritud tornmajast Torre Agbar Barcelonas Avinguda Diagonal 209-211. Abiks hispaania arhitekt Fermin Vazquez arhitektibüroost b720 Arquitectura S.L. Jean Nouveli tuntud projekte. Ill.: J. Nouveli portreefoto, tornmaja välisvaade

  11. Eneseotsingutee / Jean-Charles Hue ; intervjueerinud Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hue, Jean-Charles, 1968-

    2011-01-01

    Tallinna Kunstihoone galeriis on 12. juunini 2011 vaadata prantsuse videokunstniku Jean-Charles Hue' näitus "Tattoo Fight" ("Tätorebimine"), kuraator Harry Liivrand. Kunstnikust, kelle emapoolsed sugulased on Prantsusmaa mustlased ehk yéniche'id. Jean-Charles Hue yéniche'itest, nende olukorrast Prantsusmaal, oma loomingust, pikemalt mustlaste teema käsitlemisest

  12. Jean Nouveli supermodernism Barcelonas / Raili Seppänen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Seppänen, Raili

    2005-01-01

    2005. a. suvel valmivast prantsuse arhitekti Jean Nouveli (sünd. 1945) projekteeritud tornmajast Torre Agbar Barcelonas Avinguda Diagonal 209-211. Abiks hispaania arhitekt Fermin Vazquez arhitektibüroost b720 Arquitectura S.L. Jean Nouveli tuntud projekte. Ill.: J. Nouveli portreefoto, tornmaja välisvaade

  13. Relationship between the Physical Properties and Hand of Jean Fabric

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kawamura Atsushi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the distinctive characteristics of jean fabrics (denim fabrics obtained from jeans and compared the physical properties and the hand. We used 13 kinds of jean fabric from commercial jeans and 26 other fabric types. The physical properties were measured using the Kawabata evaluation system, and the fabric hand was evaluated by 20 subjects using a semantic differential method. To characterise the hand of jean fabrics compared with other fabrics, we used principal component analysis and obtained three principal components. We found that jean fabrics were characterised by the second principal component, which was affected by feelings of thickness and weight. We further characterised the jean fabrics according to ‘softness & smoothness’ and ‘non-fullness’, depending on country of origin and type of manufacturer. The three principal components were analysed using multiple linear regression to characterise the components according to the physical properties. We explained the hand of fabrics including jean fabrics using its association with physical properties.

  14. Jean Rotz and the Marine Chart, 1542

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, E. G. R.

    This paper was first published in the Journal in 1954 (Vol. 7, p. 138). It is followed by comments from Michael Richey.At the time (1542) when Jean Rotz presented Henry VIII with a variation compass, and an accompanying treatise on its making and use, the question of magnetic variation was an acute one. It formed part of a wider controversy concerning the general validity of the sea-chart which had been raised among seamen. As to this, Dr Pedro Nunez, writing a treatise in 1537 addressed to his friend and pupil the Infante Dom Luys of Portugal, said that there were skilled pilots who derided the chart and declared it to be - the falsest thing in the world. Hastening to its defence, Nunez dealt at length with the navigating errors introduced by ignoring the convergence of the meridians, and showed besides that a rhumb, or line of constant bearing was a spiral curve on the globe.

  15. Entretien avec Jean-Paul Amat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Hertzog

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Jean Paul Amat est professeur de biogéographie à l’Université Paris IV-Sorbonne. Ses recherches portent sur la géographie des forêts, les relations entre milieux forestiers et sociétés, la géographie historique. Le croisement entre sa spécialité d’origine, la biogéographie historique, et l’histoire de la Première Guerre Mondiale l’a amené à s’intéresser au rôle stratégique de la forêt et à la question des boisements post-conflit. Ces recherches l’ont conduit à développer des réflexions sur la...

  16. Jean Starobinski e la storia della medicina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldo Trucchio

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Jean Starobinski is well-known for his critical studies on 18th century French literature, but has also been constantly interested in the history of medicine. Before starting to teach History of ideas and French modern literature at the University of Geneva, he graduated with a thesis on the history of the treatment of melancholy and practised medicine at the Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève and at the Psychiatric clinic of Cery. His familiarity with both literary theory and scientific practice allowed him to develop what he called a «binocular vision» embracing the progress of the sciences all along with the literary expressions of modern Europeans. This essay aims at exploring the origin and implications of this facet of Starobinski's thought, focussing on his attempt at understanding aesthetic and artistic expression in its dialectical relation with techno-scientific experience, while respecting the specificity of the two languages.

  17. L’Orient multiple de Jean Potocki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Rosset

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available L’Orient perçu par Jean Potocki (1761-1815 entre son voyage en Turquie et en Egypte en 1784 et l’expédition de Chine de 1805-1806 ne peut se comparer sur aucun plan avec celui des grands voyageurs qui l’ont précédé au siècle des Lumières, les Galland, les Challe, les Lucas.Tout d’abord, parce que Potocki est un homme des confins ; son lieu d’origine, l’espace de son enfance où il est toujours revenu et où il passera aussi les dernières années de sa vie se situe en Podolie, zone de voisinage,...

  18. A Warrior as well as Idealist--An Analysis of Jean Christophe in Jean Christophe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申辰瑜

    2015-01-01

    Jean Cheistiphe,the tragic genius under Roman Rolland’s pen,is a world-renowned image in literary world. His whole life is a miracle yet with miserable struggles and countless failures,encouraging millions of people to face the obstacles in their lives since its very first publish. Here in this paper,I would like to make an analysis of this warrior as well as idealist and see what exterior also functioned to lead to his personal tragedy.

  19. Hiiu murdekeel Jean Baptiste Holzmayeri "Osilianas" / Helmi Neetar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neetar, Helmi

    1997-01-01

    Saaremaa muinasusundi ja rahvaluule koguja ning uurija Jean Baptiste Holzmayeri teosest "Osiliana" (II osa ilmus 1873) ja Pühalepa pastori von Segenbuschi kaastööst sellele ning uurimuses sisalduvatest hiiumurdelistest keelenditest

  20. Jean Piaget et sa Recherche: Search and Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Elspeth M.

    1981-01-01

    The early influences on and development of Jean Piaget's thinking from which crystallized the ideas forming the foundation of his subsequent work are discussed. The influences noted are personal, intellectual, and professional. (MSE)

  1. Jean-Baptiste Charcot, the French Antarctic expedition and scurvy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teive, Hélio Afonso Ghizoni; Germiniani, Francisco Manoel Branco; Munhoz, Renato Puppi

    2014-07-01

    During the second expedition to the South Pole, Commander Jean-Baptiste Charcot and some members of the crew of "Pourquoi Pas?" developed symptoms suggestive of scurvy. The clinical picture was totally reversed after dietary changes.

  2. Jean Piaget et sa Recherche: Search and Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Elspeth M.

    1981-01-01

    The early influences on and development of Jean Piaget's thinking from which crystallized the ideas forming the foundation of his subsequent work are discussed. The influences noted are personal, intellectual, and professional. (MSE)

  3. Jeans instability and hydrodynamic roots of Landau damping

    CERN Document Server

    Ershkovich, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    Landau damping of Langmuir waves is shown to have hydrodynamic roots, and, in principle, might have been predicted (along with Langmuir waves) several decades earlier, soon after Jeans (1902) paper appeared.

  4. 2097-IJBCS-Article-Jean Pierre Mingoas K

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    and reproductive characteristics in Gudali zebu and Namchi taurine bulls. Jean Pierre ... Cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses can suffer the acute form ... quarter. One week before the start of the experiment, the animals were orally treated with the ...

  5. Jean-Claude Brunet (1941 - 2016)

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Jean-Claude Brunet passed away on 27 February 2016.   Brunet joined CERN in 1966 and was one of the key players in the design of the colliders, from the ISR, the first Intersecting Storage Rings, to the LHC, not forgetting the AA, the first Antiproton Accumulator, and LEP. An engineer in the design office, he participated as a precursor to the development and implementation of many elements of the ultra-high vacuum (UHV) systems of these machines. He also played an important role in the design and construction of the LHC cryostats. As a leader, he was always open-minded and much appreciated by the younger generations. His strong energy led him to be a staff representative and one of the pillars of the touring section of the Ski Club. We have lost a creator, a traveller, a sailor, a mountaineer and a great friend. Our thoughts go to his wife, Marie-Claude and his family. His friends and former colleagues

  6. Entrevista con Jean-Pierre Vernant.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Consejo de Redacción

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Pierre Vernant, sin duda el mayor helenista francés después de la segunda guerra mundial, nació en Provins (Seine-et-Marne, en 1914. Recibió una educación laica y crítica: su abuelo y su padre fueron directores del diario de izquierda republicana Le Briard, de Provins. Vernant, estudioso de la antropología histórica en la Grecia antigua, comienza su carrera intelectual como filósofo. De hecho, consiguió una agregación en filosofía en 1937; hizo algún estudio inicial sobre Diderot y pensó en dedicarse a analizar la idea de trabajo en Platón. Además, el racionalismo cognoscitivo y ético ha sido un punto de referencia para él siempre, desde el cartesiano hasta el de los Manuscritos de Marx. Pero sus verdaderos maestros personales fueron dos grandes figuras en campos distintos al de sus inicios, el helenista y sociólogo Louis Gernet y el psicólogo-historiador Ignace Meyerson, con quienes trabajó estrechamente tras haber seguido sus enseñanzas, colaborando incluso en el Centre de psychologie comparative, fundado por el segundo.

  7. From blue jeans to blue genes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boon, Laurence M; Vikkula, Miikka

    2009-03-01

    Cutaneous venous anomalies are common. They are blue and vary in size, number, and location and account for most consultations at specialized interdisciplinary clinics for vascular anomalies. Venous lesions are clinically important because they cause pain, dysfunction, destruction of adjacent tissues, and esthetic concern. Only resection and sclerotherapy are helpful, although not always curative. Understanding etiopathogenesis could help design animal models and develop novel therapeutic approaches. John B. Mulliken, MD, envisioned a project to uncover the genetic basis of an inherited form of venous malformation in a large New England family. Recruitment of 2 young fellows resulted in a collaborative project that unraveled the searched-for gene and its mutation. This was an opening for a new era in vascular anomalies. Two blue genes' mutations were discovered, which account for most, if not all, of the inherited forms of venous anomalies, but other genes as well, for rheologically diverse lesions. Differential diagnosis and management has improved, and animal models are being made. This was achieved through the help of Dr Mulliken, who inspired 2 young investigators in blue jeans to find 2 blue genes.

  8. Direito natural e propriedade em Jean Bodin Natural right and property in Jean Bodin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Ribeiro G. de Barros

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende discutir os conceitos de direito natural e propriedade no Iuri universi distributio (1578 e as suas conseqüências políticas no Methodus ad facilem historiarum cognitionem (1566 e no Les Six Livres de la République (1576, de Jean Bodin.This article aims to discuss the concepts of natural right and property in Bodin's Iuri distributio universi (1578 and the political consequences of these ideas in Methodus ad facilem historiarum cognitionem (1566 and Les Six Livres de la République (1576.

  9. Jean-Martin Charcot and his legacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogousslavsky, Julien

    2014-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) rightly is considered the father of both modern neurology and psychiatry in France and much beyond. While he never was interested in mental disease and what was called 'alienism' at the time, his career at La Salpêtrière Hospital over 30 years was mainly marked by the development of a huge group of students which focused on the study and management of hysteria. When Charcot took office at the beginning of 1862, hysteria was a 'no-man's land', medically speaking, since neither the alienists nor the internists had much interest in this condition. At La Salpêtrière, these chronic patients were largely left to themselves before Désiré Bourneville, one of Charcot's first students, convinced his chief to care for them. Subsequently, the studies of Charcot with Paul Richer, Joseph Babinski, Georges Gilles de la Tourette, Paul Sollier, Pierre Janet, and many others allowed the condition to be addressed in detail. During his stay with Charcot in 1885-1866, Sigmund Freud, a young neuropathologist at the time, became fascinated by hysteria, an interest which probably was the main start of his interest in psychology. Charcot emphasized the concept of mental factors in hysteria, along with that of a 'dynamic' lesion, which accounted for the lack of neuropathological findings in the patients. While his ideas on hysteria and hypnotism were criticized after his death even by former pupils, such as Babinski, recent findings from functional studies using magnetic resonance imaging show how accurate and often visionary Charcot's thinking was in this field.

  10. Democracia e regionalismo chez Jean-Louis Quermonne Democracy and regionalism chez Jean-Louis Quermonne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo de Almeida Medeiros

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o intuito de contribuir para o alargamento do espectro de autores não anglófonos na literatura de Ciência Política do Brasil, o presente texto visa a (revisitar a questão da Democracia e do Regionalismo em Jean-Louis Quermonne. Ele está constituído de três partes. A primeira situa o autor no cenário da ciência política francesa através de expedita biografia. A segunda promove uma análise crítica e comparativa dos trabalhos de Quermonne que versam sobre a temática da Democracia, a saber: O governo da França sob a República, Os regimes políticos ocidentais e As políticas institucionais. A terceira parte procura estudar, também crítica e comparativamente, o pensamento de Quermonne no que toca a problemática do Regionalismo: O sistema político da União Européia, A Europa e o federalismo e A Europa em busca de legitimidade. Finalmente, o artigo traz algumas reflexões conclusivas apontando a importância do pensamento político francês em geral e de Jean-Louis Quermonne, em particular, para a ciência política contemporânea.Aiming at the development of the study of non-anglophone authors in the Political Science literature in Brazil, this text seeks to approach the issues of both Democracy and Regionalism in Jean-Louis Quermonne's bibliography. It has three parts. The first situates the author in the French political science scenario through a brief biography. The second part promotes a critical and comparative analysis of Quemonne's works on Democracy , i.e.: Le Gouvernement de la France sous la Vème République, Les régimes politiques occidentaux and Les politiques institutionnelles. The third part inquires, also critically and comparatively, about Quermonne's thinking on Regionalism: Le système politique de l'Union Européenne, L'Europe et le fédéralisme and L'Europe en quête de légitimité. Finally, this article brings some conclusive considerations, pointing out both the importance of the French, in general

  11. The Jeans Modeling of the Milky Way Galaxy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samurovic, S.; Lalovic, A.

    2012-12-01

    In this work we investigate the predictions of Newtonian dynamics and the MOND theory related to the Milky Way galaxy using the Jeans equation. We used the measurements of the radial velocities of the blue horizontal branch (BHB) halo stars to test the predictions of Newtonian gravity and to also extend our study to different MOND models, taking orbital anisotropies that we calculate into account. The halo stars of the Galaxy were used as a tracer of the Galaxy's gravitational potential. The Jeans equation was calculated for both the Newtonian and the MOND approaches. We assumed spherical symmetry and calculated the Jeans equation by taking orbital anisotropies into account. Circular velocities for both approaches were also analyzed. We solved the Jeans equation in spherical approximation and confirm that the Newtonian model without dark matter cannot fit the observed velocity dispersion profile and that the truncated flat model with dark matter can provide a good fit to the observed velocity dispersion. For the MOND models, from the Jeans modeling we found that three models ("simple", "standard" and Zhao, 2007) can provide a fit to the data without significant anisotropies whereas the "toy" model needs anisotropies to obtain the same result.

  12. We’re all behind you, Jean-Yves!

    CERN Document Server

    Laëtitia Pedroso

    2010-01-01

    Jean-Yves Le Meur, developer of the CERN Document Server (CDS) which manages the Organization’s electronic archives, is about to take part in his third Paralympic Winter Games in Vancouver. Don’t miss him on TV from 15th March onwards !   Jean-Yves, second from the right, participates in a five-day IT training programme in Rwanda. Jean-Yves Le Meur won his place in the 14-strong “Team France” (11 men and 3 women) that will compete at the 2010 Paralympic Winter Games in Vancouver via the qualifying events held in Austria and Italy in 2009. “It was really tough to get selected this time round. You either had to make a top-three finish in a World Cup event or win gold at the European Cup”, says Jean-Yves.     Jean-Yves will be competing in four alpine skiing events: the "Super G" (Super Giant Slalom), the Super Combined Slalom, the Giant Slalom and the Slalom. And given his good performances in ...

  13. Jeans instability criterion modified by external tidal field

    CERN Document Server

    Jog, Chanda J

    2013-01-01

    The well-known Jeans criterion describes the onset of instabilities in an infinite, homogeneous, self-gravitating medium supported by pressure. Most realistic astrophysical systems, however, are not isolated - instead they are under the influence of an external field such as the tidal field due to a neighbour. Here we do a linear perturbation analysis for a system in an external field, and obtain a generalized dispersion relation that depends on the wavenumber, the sound speed, and also the magnitude of the tidal field. A typical, disruptive tidal field is shown to make the system more stable against perturbations, and results in a higher effective Jeans wavelength. The minimum mass that can become unstable is then higher (super-Jeans) than the usual Jeans mass. Conversely, in a compressive tidal field, perturbations can grow even when the mass is lower (sub-Jeans). This approach involving the inclusion of tidal field opens up a new way of looking at instabilities in gravitating systems. The treatment is gene...

  14. The Design and Analysis of Efficient Learning Algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    Boucheron and Jean Sallantin. Some remarks about space-complexity of learning, and circuit complexity of recognizing. In Proceedings of the 1988 Workshop on...editors, Annual Review of Computer Science, volume 4, pages 255-306. Annual Reviews, 1990. [21] Gary L. Drescher. Genetic Al - translating Piaget into

  15. Analysis of Jeans instability from the Boltzmann equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kremer, Gilberto M.

    2016-11-01

    The dynamics of self-gravitating fluids is analyzed within the framework of a collisionless Boltzmann equation in the presence of gravitational fields and Poisson equation. Two cases are analyzed: a system with baryonic and dark matter in a static universe and a single system in an expanding universe. The amplitudes of the perturbed distribution functions are considered as a linear combination of the collision invariants of the Boltzmann equation. For the system of baryonic and dark matter, the Jeans mass of the combined system is smaller than the one of the single system indicating that a smaller mass is needed to initiate the collapse. For the single system in an expanding universe it is not necessary to make use of Jeans "swindle"and it shown that for small wavelengths the density contrast oscillates while for large wavelengths it grows with time and the Jeans instability emerges.

  16. Jean-Marie Dufour receives the Legion of Honour

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    French Ambassador Philippe Petit (left) presents the cross of Knight of the Légion d'Honneur to Jean-Marie Dufour. On Friday 22 June, Jean-Marie Dufour, Head of CERN's Legal Service, was made Knight of the Legion of Honour by Ambassador Philippe Petit, at a ceremony held at the Permanent Mission of France in Geneva. Ambassador Petit is Permanent Representative of France at the United Nations and French delegate at CERN. He was awarded the decoration in recognition of his services. He has played an active part in all the great stages of CERN's development, in fact, ranging from its scientific programmes, to its establishment in its Host States, Switzerland and France, and its opening up to the wider world. The ceremony took place in the presence of Professor Luciano Maiani. The award is an honour to CERN, and the Organization takes this opportunity to convey its friendliest congratulations to Jean-Marie Dufour, a committed European.

  17. Jean Baudrillard: o elogio radical da parte maldita

    OpenAIRE

    da Silva (entrevista), Juremir Machado; Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul

    2008-01-01

    Entrevista com Jean Baudrillard. Pensador do radical e dos fenômenos extremos, Jean Baudrillard, 69, considera-se um “paroxista indiferente”. Postura reduzida por muitos dos seus detratores a uma espécie de niilismo, de imobilismo ou mesmo de impostura. Praticante convicto da ironia e do paradoxo, Baudrillard desconcerta, pois enxerga o conformismo onde outros imaginam germinar a revolução. Para ele, quando a crítica se transforma em moralismo, somente a derrisão fatal pode gerar rebelião. Ad...

  18. Jeans instability of rotating magnetized quantum plasma: Influence of radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joshi, H., E-mail: hjoshi8525@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Mewar University, Chittorgarh (Raj.) India (India); Pensia, R. K. [Department of Physics, Govt. Girls College, Neemuch (M.P.) India (India)

    2015-07-31

    The effect of radiative heat-loss function and rotation on the Jeans instability of quantum plasma is investigated. The basic set of equations for this problem is constructed by considering quantum magnetohydrodynamic (QMHD) model. Using normal mode analysis, the general dispersion relation is obtained. This dispersion relation is studied in both, longitudinal and transverse direction of propagations. In both case of longitudinal and transverse direction of propagation, the Jeans instability criterion is modified due to presence of radiative heat-loss function and quantum correction.

  19. Jeans instability with exchange effects in quantum dusty magnetoplasmas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jamil, M., E-mail: jamil.gcu@gmail.com [Department of Physics, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Rasheed, A. [Department of Physics, Government College University, Faisalabad 38000 (Pakistan); Rozina, Ch. [Department of Physics, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore 54000 (Pakistan); Jung, Y.-D. [Department of Applied Physics and Department of Bionanotechnology, Hanyang University, Ansan, Kyunggi-Do 426-791 (Korea, Republic of); Salimullah, M. [Department of Physics, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Dhaka 1342 (Bangladesh)

    2015-08-15

    Jeans instability is examined in magnetized quantum dusty plasmas using the quantum hydrodynamic model. The quantum effects are considered via exchange-correlation potential, recoil effect, and Fermi degenerate pressure, in addition to thermal effects of plasma species. It is found that the electron exchange and correlation potential have significant effects over the threshold value of wave vector and Jeans instability. The presence of electron exchange and correlation effect shortens the time of dust sound that comparatively stabilizes the self gravitational collapse. The results at quantum scale are helpful in understanding the collapse of the self-gravitating dusty plasma systems.

  20. Charcot's son, commander Jean-Baptiste Charcot: from neurology to "Pourquoi Pas?".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teive, Hélio A G; Munhoz, Renato P; Simões, Jefferson C

    2012-04-01

    Charcot name became very famous around the world, firstly because of the work of Professor Jean-Martin Charcot, the founder of Clinical Neurology, and, secondly, because of his son, Jean-Baptiste, the world famous maritime explorer.

  1. Hannah Arendt & Jean Baudrillard: Pedagogy in the Consumer Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norris, Trevor

    2006-01-01

    This paper considers the place of education within our "consumers' society", beginning with Hannah Arendt's account of the rise of consumerism to a position of political dominance and the resulting eclipse of public life. Connections are then made between Arendt's account of this rise and Jean Baudrillard's account of the postmodern proliferation…

  2. Nothing is Erased: Hubert Damisch and Jean Dubuffet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berrebi, S.

    2015-01-01

    Alongside his writings on the cloud, architecture, the Italian Renaissance, and cinema that established him as one of the most important art historians and philosophers working in France since the 1960s, Hubert Damisch (1928-) edited the four volumes of the writings of artist Jean Dubuffet (1901-198

  3. Reflections on Piaget. Proceedings of the Jean Piaget Memorial Conference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broughton, John M., Ed.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Sessions of and presentations given at a memorial conference, held in honor of Jean Piaget, are reported. The conference was sponsored by the Developmental Psychology Program at Teachers College, Columbia University, on November 14, 1980. Sixteen scholars from the fields of psychology, philosophy, and education participated. (CJ)

  4. The Genetic Psychologies of James Mark Baldwin and Jean Piaget.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cahan, Emily D.

    1984-01-01

    Describes the ideas proposed by James Mark Baldwin which anticipated much of Jean Piaget's work. The goals, genetic approach, and epistemological assumptions underlying Piaget's inquiry into cognitive development found explicit statement in Baldwin's work. Discusses Baldwin's current importance for psychology. (Author/CB)

  5. Karl Popper and Jean Piaget: A Rationale for Constructivism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harlow, Steve; Cummings, Rhoda; Aberasturi, Suzanne M.

    2006-01-01

    The current faddish use of the term constructivism has taken on as many different definitions as the number of people attempting to define it. This essay clarifies the meaning of constructivism through an examination of Karl Popper's and Jean Piaget's theories. The authors provide a rationale for the use of Popper's paradigm of "Three Worlds" and…

  6. Jean Piaget: An Introduction and Reader's Guide for Children's Librarians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getts, Marilyn; Giacoma, Pete

    1981-01-01

    Introduces children's librarians to the theories of cognitive growth in children formulated by Jean Piaget. An annotated bibliography of three primary and 16 secondary references is provided to promote insight and to reinforce commitment to children's services. Five references are listed. (RAA)

  7. Reklaamid nagu kino / Jean Marie Bouriscot ; interv.Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bouriscot, Jean Marie

    2001-01-01

    Sakala keskuses toimus reedel 6. korda reklaamiõgijate öö, kus näidati reklaamiklippe Jean Marie Bouriscotþ kogust. Kogu omanik polnud küll seekord ise kohal, kuid vastas siiski ajakirjaniku küsimustele oma huviala kohta

  8. Jean Desmet and the Early Dutch Film Trade

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blom, Ivo

    2003-01-01

    Since 1957 the Film Museum in Amsterdam has been in possession of the Desmet Collection which contains the estate of the Dutch cinema owner and film distributor Jean Desmet (1875-1956). The collection comprises almost nine hundred European and American films in all genres, a collection of publicity

  9. Jean Piaget: An Introduction and Reader's Guide for Children's Librarians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getts, Marilyn; Giacoma, Pete

    1981-01-01

    Introduces children's librarians to the theories of cognitive growth in children formulated by Jean Piaget. An annotated bibliography of three primary and 16 secondary references is provided to promote insight and to reinforce commitment to children's services. Five references are listed. (RAA)

  10. The Genetic Psychologies of James Mark Baldwin and Jean Piaget.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cahan, Emily D.

    1984-01-01

    Describes the ideas proposed by James Mark Baldwin which anticipated much of Jean Piaget's work. The goals, genetic approach, and epistemological assumptions underlying Piaget's inquiry into cognitive development found explicit statement in Baldwin's work. Discusses Baldwin's current importance for psychology. (Author/CB)

  11. Reflections on Piaget. Proceedings of the Jean Piaget Memorial Conference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broughton, John M., Ed.; And Others

    1981-01-01

    Sessions of and presentations given at a memorial conference, held in honor of Jean Piaget, are reported. The conference was sponsored by the Developmental Psychology Program at Teachers College, Columbia University, on November 14, 1980. Sixteen scholars from the fields of psychology, philosophy, and education participated. (CJ)

  12. Conceptual Development: Piaget's Legacy. Jean Piaget Symposium Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholnick, Ellin K., Ed.; Nelson, Katherine, Ed.; Gelman, Susan A., Ed.; Miller, Patricia H., Ed.

    Based on the papers presented at the 1996 Symposium of the Jean Piaget Society and highlighting the extent to which Piaget's ideas have served to scaffold contemporary thinking about every aspect of conceptual development, this volume examines the nature of conceptual development, its foundations, and the sources of its novelties. The chapters…

  13. Jean Dieudonné (1906-1992) mathematician

    CERN Document Server

    Cartier, P

    2005-01-01

    Jean Dieudonn\\'e has been one of the most influential French mathematicians during the 20$^{\\rm th}$ century, especially through his association -- even identification -- with the Bourbaki group. An excellent biography has been written by his friend P. Dugac, a historian of science [4]. We shall retrace here his long and distinguished career.

  14. Jean Desmet and the Early Dutch Film Trade

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blom, Ivo

    2003-01-01

    Since 1957 the Film Museum in Amsterdam has been in possession of the Desmet Collection which contains the estate of the Dutch cinema owner and film distributor Jean Desmet (1875-1956). The collection comprises almost nine hundred European and American films in all genres, a collection of publicity

  15. Conceptual Development: Piaget's Legacy. Jean Piaget Symposium Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholnick, Ellin K., Ed.; Nelson, Katherine, Ed.; Gelman, Susan A., Ed.; Miller, Patricia H., Ed.

    Based on the papers presented at the 1996 Symposium of the Jean Piaget Society and highlighting the extent to which Piaget's ideas have served to scaffold contemporary thinking about every aspect of conceptual development, this volume examines the nature of conceptual development, its foundations, and the sources of its novelties. The chapters…

  16. An interview with Jean-François Braunstein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Santos Almeida

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Jean-François Braunstein, is a professor of philosophy at the University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne. He currently carries out research on history and philosophy of biological, medical and human sciences at the XIXe century, like on history of French epistemology.

  17. Reklaamid nagu kino / Jean Marie Bouriscot ; interv.Valner Valme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bouriscot, Jean Marie

    2001-01-01

    Sakala keskuses toimus reedel 6. korda reklaamiõgijate öö, kus näidati reklaamiklippe Jean Marie Bouriscotþ kogust. Kogu omanik polnud küll seekord ise kohal, kuid vastas siiski ajakirjaniku küsimustele oma huviala kohta

  18. Ajalool on ajaloolaste nägu / Jean-Claude Schmitt ; interv. Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schmitt, Jean-Claude

    2004-01-01

    Intervjuu ajaloolase Jean-Claude Schmittiga. Ilm. ka: Keha, pilt ja unenägu : intervjuu Jean-Claude Scmittiga // Schmitt, Jean-Claude. Püha hurdakoer : Guinefort - lasteravija 13. sajandist. - Tallinn, 2000. - Lk. 296-305 ; Kuidas kirjutatakse ajalugu? // Tamm, Marek. Kuidas kirjutatakse ajalugu? - Tallinn, 2007. - 161-177

  19. Ajalool on ajaloolaste nägu / Jean-Claude Schmitt ; interv. Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schmitt, Jean-Claude

    2004-01-01

    Intervjuu ajaloolase Jean-Claude Schmittiga. Ilm. ka: Keha, pilt ja unenägu : intervjuu Jean-Claude Scmittiga // Schmitt, Jean-Claude. Püha hurdakoer : Guinefort - lasteravija 13. sajandist. - Tallinn, 2000. - Lk. 296-305 ; Kuidas kirjutatakse ajalugu? // Tamm, Marek. Kuidas kirjutatakse ajalugu? - Tallinn, 2007. - 161-177

  20. Luciano Maiani and Jean Iliopoulos awarded the Dirac Medal

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Luciano Maiani, when he was Director-General of CERN. Jean Iliopoulos in 1999. (©CNRS Photothèque - Julien Quideau)On 8 August, the 2007 Dirac Medal, one of the most prestigious prizes in the fields of theoretical physics and mathematics, was awarded to Luciano Maiani, professor at Rome’s La Sapienza University and former Director-General of CERN, and to Jean Iliopoulos, emeritus Director of Research at the CNRS Laboratory of Theoretical Physics. The medal was awarded to both physicists for their joint "work on the physics of the charm quark, a major contribution to the birth of the Standard Model, the modern theory of Elementary Particles." Founded by the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in 1985, the Dirac Medal is awarded annually on 8 August, the birthday of the famous physicist Paul Dirac, winner of the 1933 Nobel Prize for Physics. It is awarded to ...

  1. Nickel dermatitis provoked by buttons in blue jeans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandrup, F; Larsen, F S

    1979-05-01

    A total of 79 nickel-sensitive patients (65 women, 14 men) were examined with regard to a present or past eczema corresponding to contact with metallic buttons in blue jeans; 63% of the women and 64% of the men had or had had eczema of this kind. Among 40% of the women below 30 years this was the primary site of manifestation. The seriousness of this sensitivity is illustrated by the fact that two-thirds of the nickel sensitive patients with button dermatitis had or had had eczema of the hands. The conclusion is that blue jean buttons should be made of a material which does not contain nickel, for instance zinc alloys which are presently used for some metallic buttons, or they should be designed in such a way that the button does not directly contact the skin.

  2. En mémoire de Jean Chesneaux

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude Dubar

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available L’historien Jean Chesneaux, notre collègue et ami, nous a quittés le 23 juillet. Historien connu et reconnu pour ses travaux sur l’Extrême-Orient, plus précisément sur la Chine contemporaine (il a consacré sa thèse de doctorat au mouvement ouvrier chinois au début du 20e siècle, il n’a pas limité son horizon à la seule Chine. Il a porté un intérêt constant à la péninsule indochinoise, particulièrement au Viet Nam.  Jean Chesneaux n’était pas un savant de cabinet bien que son parcours univers...

  3. The Narcissim of Baron Dominique-Jean Larrey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    AU/ACSC/ETTESTAD E./AY15 AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY THE NARCISSISM OF BARON DOMINIQUE-JEAN LARREY by Eric W. Ettestad, Maj...studies on narcissism throughout the past fourteen years to show Dr. Larrey was indeed a narcissist and his narcissistic tendencies precluded him...portion of the behaviors of Dr. Larrey and marries them up with research studies on narcissism throughout the past fourteen years to show Dr. Larrey was

  4. Jean-Martin Charcot Pathologist, Neurologist, Psychiatrist and Physician

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjay Pandey

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Martin Charcot is known as father of modern neurology. Before him, neurology was only limited to select disorders like chorea. His contributions were not limited to neurology only, as he was instrumental in many new developments in the field of pathology, psychiatry, and internal medicine. Even after 100 years, Charcot`s clinical methods remain the pillar of modern neurology.

  5. PROBLEM PENDIDIKAN VIDEO GAMES DALAM PERSPEKTIF TEORI SIMULACRA JEAN BAUDRILLARD

    OpenAIRE

    Siti Murtiningsih, Joko Siswanto, M. Mukhtasar Syamsudin

    2013-01-01

    Abstract: Education Problems of Video Games in the Perspective of Jean Baudrillard’s Theory of Simulacra. In the era of digital age, we are witnessing how video games penetrate children’s daily life and it is believed to have some impacts on their cognitive and affective processes. Referring to hermeneutical approach, the present library research seeks to answer the question whether video games create a real identity or simply forge false consciousness in children. In the first step, the data...

  6. PROBLEM PENDIDIKAN VIDEO GAMES DALAM PERSPEKTIF TEORI SIMULACRA JEAN BAUDRILLARD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Murtiningsih, Joko Siswanto, M. Mukhtasar Syamsudin

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Education Problems of Video Games in the Perspective of Jean Baudrillard’s Theory of Simulacra. In the era of digital age, we are witnessing how video games penetrate children’s daily life and it is believed to have some impacts on their cognitive and affective processes. Referring to hermeneutical approach, the present library research seeks to answer the question whether video games create a real identity or simply forge false consciousness in children. In the first step, the data were collected from bibliographi­cal sources that related to data. In the second step, the data were analyzed to examine the pedagogical-philosophical properties of the video games. The results indicate that video games change the way children view the world. Video games present the world as hiper-reality. Bu putting aside the negative values and maximizing the positive ones, the understanding of hiper-reality allows for the inculcation of children. Abstrak: Problem Pendidikan Video Games dalam Perspectif Teori Simulacra Jean Baudrillard. Permainan video games diyakini berdampak positif sekaligus negatif pada proses kognitif dan afektif anak.-anak. Terutama, video games berpengaruh pada proses internalisasi nilai-nilai dan pembentukan identitas mereka. Teknologi virtual yang disajikan oleh video games, seperti didekati oleh teori simulacra Jean Baudrillard, menyuguhkan jebakan akan realitas palsu. Melalui riset pustaka dengan metode "filsafat her­meneutis", dianalisis data untuk membangun refleksi filsafat pendidikan atas permainan video games itu. Hasil penelitian ini menyatakan video games menyuguhkan sebuah hiper-realitas dari simulasi realitas, atau simulacra dalam teori Jean Baudrillard. Simulacra adalah dunia yang terbentuk dari salinan realitas, yang menjadi acuan melebihi realitas asli. Disimpulkan bahwa video games menjadi semacam “ruang konseptual”, yang dibentuk oleh simulacra. Dengan mengenali hakikat hiper-realitas, video games dapat

  7. Jean Ping, a Legendary Figure In Sino-African Contacts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tang; Ruimin

    2013-01-01

    <正>Jean Ping completed his term of office as Chairman of the Commission of the African Union in2012,and,this year,made his sixth visit to China at the invitation of the CPAFFC to receive its honorary title of Friendship Ambassador.He was born in Gabon in 1942.His father,Cheng Zhiping,was a wellknown local timber merchant from Wenzhou,Zhejiang Province who emigrated to Gabon in the 1930s,married

  8. Réponse à Jean-Luc Petit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincent Descombes

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available  AbstractRicœur, in his Philosophy of the Will (1950, is already turning eidetic descriptions into linguistic descriptions. Therefore what is at stake between phenomenologists and analytic philosophers is not the linguistic turn as such. Rather, it is the question whether all psychological verbs are experiential verbs. The contribution of Vincent Descombes is presented as a response to the communication of Jean-Luc Petit delivered in Paris in November 2013 for the International Congress "Ricœur and Contemporary Philosophy in the English Language." A written version of Jean-Luc Petit’s paper can be found in this issue. NDE RésuméDès sa Philosophie de la volonté (1950, Ricœur donne un tour linguistique à ses descriptions eidétiques. Ce n'est donc pas le tournant linguistique qui sépare la phénoménologie de l'action d'une grammaire philosophique, mais plutôt la question de savoir si tous les verbes psychologiques sont des verbes d'expérience. La contribution de Vincent Descombes se présente comme une réponse à la communication de Jean-Luc Petit prononcée à Paris en novembre 2013 pour le congrès international “Ricœur et la philosophie contemporaine de langue anglaise.” On trouvera dans ce numéro la version écrite de la communication de Jean-Luc Petit. NDE

  9. INFLUENŢA LUI JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU ASUPRA PEDAGOGIEI MODERNE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru MAZILU

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Jacques Rousseau a avut o influenţă importantă asupra paradigmei pedagogiei moderne. Obiectivismul cunoş-tinţelor sociale în domeniul educaţiei este accentuat de principii educaţionale negative care au generat o contradicţie între individul biologic şi cel social. În domeniul cercetării teoretice a educaţiei, politica poate fi comparată cu educaţia, deoarece aceasta, pe de o parte, cere intervenţii interdisciplinare şi, pe de altă parte, solicită convergenţa viziunilor, fapt necesar pentru a elabora un obiect specific de studiu şi o metodologie proprie de cercetare.THE ROLE OF JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU ON THE MODERN PEDAGOGY Jean-Jacques Rousseau had an important role in modern pedagogy pattern. Social knowledge objectivity in the education field is emphasized by the negative education principles, which developed a contradiction between the natural human and the social one. In a theoretical area of research, politics can be compared to the education, because it requires on one hand, interdis-ciplinary interventions and on the other hand, an integrator point of view is needed in order to express a specific study object and a self methodology.

  10. Modified Jeans instability in Lorentzian dusty self-gravitating plasmas with Lennard-Jones potential

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qian, Y. Z., E-mail: qyzbird@live.com; Chen, H., E-mail: hchen61@ncu.edu.cn; Liu, S. Q., E-mail: sqlgroup@ncu.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047 (China)

    2014-11-15

    The Jeans instability in self-gravitating plasma with Kappa distributed dust grains is investigated basing on assumption that the mutual interaction among dust grains is governed by Lennard-Jones potential. It is shown that the presence of additional suprathermal particles has significant effects on the range of unstable modes and growth rate of Jeans instability. Compared with Maxwellian scenario, suprathermality stabilized the Jeans instability.

  11. REMEDIASI LIMBAH PROSES PEWARNA NAPTOL JEANS DENGAN SISTEM LUMPUR AKTIF MENGGUNAKAN BAKTERI INDIGENUS

    OpenAIRE

    Rakhmawati, Debby

    2015-01-01

    Industri jeans mulai masuk di Indonesia sekitar tahun 90-an. Proses pembuatan jeans salah satunya adalah pewarnaan. Pewarna yang dipakai beragam jenis dan golongan, namun terdapat beberapa zat pewarna yang berbahaya dan sifatnya mencemari lingkungan, salah satu senyawa tambahan pada bahan baku pewarna adalah fosfat PO4. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengatahui kemampuan bakteri indigenus dalam remediasi limbah naptol jeans menggunakan metode lumpur aktif dan mengetahui bakteri dominan yang a...

  12. A PIEDADE NATURAL EM JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Cunha Bezerra

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The eighteenth century philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau considers pity as a human feeling that by providing the identification to the other, provides the first tie that binds men among themselves. Through pity, man suffers the suffering of others, because realize that he may suffer the same evils. It is the imagination that active pity throwing himself out of himself, and thus, pity, although natural, manifest only after reflection. In modern society, pity cannot truly promote the ties of humanity, since man went away from his nature. Thus, an education that emphasized the natural development of this feeling could restore the goodness of the earliest societies.

  13. Jean-Jacques Rousseau gramatólogo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Camarero

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available An analysis about Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s contribution to the theory of writing and the grammatology. This analysis contains a systematic comparison of the rousseaunian ideas about the language and the writing with another theories of the 17th (Arnauld and Lancelot, 18th (Condillac, Paillasson, Jaucourt and 20th centuries (Saussure. The contrast of Rousseau’s ideas to Saussure’s about writing also, allows to make explicit Rousseau’s grammatological ideas’s big importance and his relation with the grammatology (Gelb,Derrida, Harris, exceeding avant la lettre modern linguistics’s phonocentrism.

  14. Catherine Soulier, Jean Tortel. Des livres aux Jardins

    OpenAIRE

    Pagani, Francesca

    2016-01-01

    Catherine Soulier, specialista di Jean Tortel (1904-1993), studia, in questa monografia, la formazione e i riferimenti culturali e letterari del poeta, ponendoli in una fruttuosa relazione con l’opera Les Villes ouvertes, che egli scrisse e pubblicò nel 1965. Il titolo della prima sezione, «Le jardin et la bibliothèque» (pp. 7-18), si rivela quindi programmatico: il giardino di Tortel, emblema della sua poetica, così come riconosciuto, tra gli altri, da Philippe Jaccottet, dialoga con l’immag...

  15. Jeans type instability for a chemotactic model of cellular aggregation

    CERN Document Server

    Chavanis, Pierre-Henri

    2008-01-01

    We consider an inertial model of chemotactic aggregation generalizing the Keller-Segel model and we study the linear dynamical stability of an infinite and homogeneous distribution of cells (bacteria, amoebae, endothelial cells,...) when inertial effects are accounted for. These inertial terms model cells directional persistance. We determine the condition of instability and the growth rate of the perturbation as a function of the cell density and the wavelength of the perturbation. We discuss the differences between overdamped (Keller-Segel) and inertial models. Finally, we show the analogy between the instability criterion for biological populations and the Jeans instability criterion in astrophysics.

  16. Jean Echenoz à l’épreuve du temps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Jollin-Bertocchi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available As the illustration of the « time experience » that is the base of the narrative, several fictions of Jean Echenoz manifest the romantic component of the Barthes’s « degradation » as the reason for the social decay between foil and fantasy, which exemplifies contemporary society. The evolution of the novel frame by Echenoz as a whole provides a counterpoint to the narrative asceticism, accompanied by a marked change in terms of enunciation in the use of tenses. The tightening comes from a company conspiracy of the effect of time, « degradation » being reinterpreted as a dépouillement towards the essential.

  17. Aprendizagem e Desenvolvimento na Teoria de Jean Piaget

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Suzana de Stefano Menin

    2009-01-01

    Neste artigo são apresentadas, segundo indicay6es de Castorina (1988), e desenvolvidas três etapas em que a teoria Psicogenetica de Jean Piaget debruçou-se sobre as relações entre aprendizagem e desenvolvimento buscando esclarece-las. Na primeira etapa, a teoria buscou diferenciar-se das posi96es empiristas e aprioristas afirmando todo o desenvolvimento cognitivo como construção gradual de estruturas. Na segunda, negou-se a possibilidade de apressar a construção de operações 16gicas atraves d...

  18. Book Review: Jean-François Lyotard, Pourquoi philosopher?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew R. McLennan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The posthumous Pourquoi Philosopher? collects Jean-François Lyotard’s previously unpublished four-part introductory course in philosophy, delivered to students of the Sorbonne in 1964. The interest of this text is both historical (appearing at an important juncture in French thought and meta-philosophical (answering the question "why philosophize?" in such a way that a philosophy of philosophy - or rather several - is offered for consideration. The text will be of interest to readers of various levels of philosophical sophistication.

  19. Jean Piaget: Images of a life and his factory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burman, Jeremy Trevelyan

    2012-08-01

    In this article, I use a new book about Jean Piaget to introduce a new historical method: examining "psychological factories." I also discuss some of the ways that "Great Men" are presented in the literature, as well as opportunities for new projects if one approaches the history of the discipline differently and examines the conditions that made that greatness possible. To that end, the article includes many details about Piaget that have never before been discussed in English. Attention is drawn, in particular, to Piaget's collaborators: the hundreds of workers at his factory in Geneva, many of whom were women. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).

  20. Jean Echenoz à l’épreuve du temps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Jollin-Bertocchi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available As the illustration of the « time experience » that is the base of the narrative, several fictions of Jean Echenoz manifest the romantic component of the Barthes’s « degradation » as the reason for the social decay between foil and fantasy, which exemplifies contemporary society. The evolution of the novel frame by Echenoz as a whole provides a counterpoint to the narrative asceticism, accompanied by a marked change in terms of enunciation in the use of tenses. The tightening comes from a company conspiracy of the effect of time, « degradation » being reinterpreted as a dépouillement towards the essential.

  1. Jean Claude Bernard: (Poetry as) craft of transparency

    OpenAIRE

    Rollán, María del Sagrario

    2015-01-01

    The work of Jean-Claude Renard (Toulon 1922- Paris 2002) appears from the beginning marked by the metaphor of the journey - Songs for land lost (1947), and the craft of transparency. The poet begins the journey - that originates in the experience of death and destruction of a world shaken by the war, with a word that transcends the nonsense, and calls for “the country where forgiveness is / and are childhoods “a word that is built in search of human spaces and anticipates them. The adventure ...

  2. Química Supramolecular amb Jean-Marie Lehn

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    "La química supramolecular pot ajudar a fer medicaments més eficaços". Amb motiu de les II Jornades Doctorals organitzades el passat juny des del Departament de Química de la UAB, el Premi Nobel de Química de l'any 1987 Jean-Marie Lehn va visitar la nostra universitat per impartir una xerrada sobre el disseny de nanoestructures supramoleculars i les seves aplicacions. Aprofitant aquesta visita, des d'UAB Divulga li vam realitzar una entrevista per saber més coses sobre la química supramolecul...

  3. Jeans instability of an inhomogeneous streaming dusty plasma

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    B P Pandey; B Van Der Holst; J Vranješ; S Poedts

    2003-07-01

    The dynamics of a self-gravitating unmagnetized, inhomogeneous, streaming dusty plasma is studied in the present work. The presence of the shear flow causes the coupling between gravitational and electrostatic forces. In the absence of self-gravity, the fluctuations in the plasma may grow at the expense of the density inhomogeneity and for certain wavelengths, such an unstable mode may dominate the usual streaming instability. However, in the presence of self-gravity, the plasma inhomogeneity causes an overlap between Jeans and streaming modes and collapse of the grain will continue at all wavelengths.

  4. Leguay Jean-Pierre, 1999, La pollution au Moyen-Âge, Edition Jean-Paul Gisserot, Paris

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandrine Rousseau

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Si vous aviez du Moyen-Âge la vision qu’en donnent certaines gravures : une belle princesse au bras d’un preux chevalier, Jean-Pierre Leguay, professeur d’histoire médiévale à l’université de Haute-Normandie, risque de vous surprendre. En effet, son ouvrage, La pollution au Moyen-Âge modifiera sans doute cette vision idyllique. Pour commencer, sachez que la princesse et son preux chevalier ont les pieds dans la boue, une boue composée de la fange, d’excréments humains, de déchets des bouchers...

  5. Characterizing the Jeans Filtering Scale of the Intergalactic Medium

    CERN Document Server

    Kulkarni, Girish; Oñorbe, Jose; Rorai, Alberto; Springel, Volker

    2015-01-01

    The thermal state of the intergalactic medium (IGM) at z < 6 constrains the nature and timing of cosmic reionization events, but its inference from the Ly-alpha forest is degenerate with the 3-D structure of the IGM on ~100 kpc scales, where, analogous to the classical Jeans argument, the pressure of the T~$10^4$ K gas supports it against gravity. We simulate the IGM using smoothed particle hydrodynamics, and find that, at z < 6, the gas density power spectrum does not exhibit the expected Jeans filtering cutoff, because dense gas in collapsed halos dominates the small-scale power masking pressure smoothing effects. We introduce a new statistic, the real-space Ly-alpha flux, $F_\\mathrm{real}$, which naturally suppresses dense gas, and is thus robust against the poorly understood physics of galaxy formation, revealing pressure smoothing in the diffuse IGM. The $F_\\mathrm{real}$ power spectrum is accurately described by a simple fitting function with cutoff at $\\lambda_F$, allowing us to rigorously quanti...

  6. Jeans Collapse of a System of Electron Emitting Dust Particles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delzanno, G. L.; Lapenta, G.

    2004-05-01

    The collapse of a molecular cloud to form a planetary system is a classic process in astrophysics. The length scale of the collapsed system and the rate of its formation is described in the simplest model by the Jeans instability. When the model is complicated by additional processes, the rate and scale of the Jeans instability is modified [1]. We focus on the processes involved with the charging of the dust in the initial cloud. The presence of charge of the same sign on the dust particles inhibits the process of collapse. Yet, the process of charging is expected to be operational. We propose a mechanism that can explain this apparent contradiction. In a recent work [2], we have shown that in presence of electron emission from the dust the interaction potential of a dust particle becomes similar to the Lennard-Jones (LJ) potential. The important consequence of this discovery is that emitting dust particles with LJ like potential can actually attract each other even though they all share the same sign of charge. Here, we present a series of simulations conducted with a new code designed to study a large system of weakly coupled dust particles, interacting with a LJ like potential. [1] P. K. Shukla, Dust plasma interaction in space, Nova Science Publ., 2002. [2] G.L. Delzanno, G. Lapenta, M. Rosenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett., to appear.

  7. Jeans Instability in a Tidally Disrupted Halo Satellite Galaxy

    CERN Document Server

    Comparetta, Justin

    2010-01-01

    We use a hybrid test particle/N-body simulation to integrate 4 million massless test particle trajectories within a fully self-consistent 10^5 particle N-body simulation. The number of massless particles allows us to resolve fine structure in the spatial distribution and phase space of a dwarf galaxy as it is disrupted in the tidal field of a Milky Way type galaxy. The tidal tails exhibit nearly periodic clumping or a smoke-like appearance. By running simulations with different satellite particle mass, halo particle mass, number of massive and massless particles and with and without a galaxy disk, we have determined that the instabilities are not due to numerical noise, amplification of structure in the halo, or shocking as the satellite passes through the disk of the Galaxy. We measure Jeans wavelengths and growth timescales in the tidal tail and show that the Jeans instability is a viable explanation for the clumps. We find that the instability causes velocity perturbations of order 10 km/s. Clumps in tidal...

  8. Jean Picard og Ole Rømer på Hven

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Kurt Møller

    2011-01-01

    Jean Picards rejse til Hven og København i 1671/72 for at bestemme længdeforskellen mellem Tycho Brahes observatorier og observatoriet i Paris.......Jean Picards rejse til Hven og København i 1671/72 for at bestemme længdeforskellen mellem Tycho Brahes observatorier og observatoriet i Paris....

  9. Writings and correspondence: 1961-1985: Hubert Damisch and Jean Dubuffet

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Berrebi

    2015-01-01

    This dossier comprises a selection of the correspondence between Hubert Damisch and Jean Dubuffet as well as six essays written by Damisch on Dubuffet between 1962 and 1985. Both the correspondence and texts are here published in English for the first time. "Jean Dubuffet and the Awakening of Images

  10. Charcot's son, commander Jean-Baptiste Charcot: from neurology to "Pourquoi Pas?"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélio A. G. Teive

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Charcot name became very famous around the world, firstly because of the work of Professor Jean-Martin Charcot, the founder of Clinical Neurology, and, secondly, because of his son, Jean-Baptiste, the world famous maritime explorer.

  11. Transcultural nursing: a perspective derived from Jean-Paul Sartre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajan, M F

    1995-09-01

    Transcultural nursing care is a well-established theoretical framework. This theory, developed by Madeleine Leininger, can have an impact on clinical practice, academic preparation and nursing research. The heightened interest in applying transcultural care and the increased need to espouse this framework have been triggered by constant population changes. This paper defines transcultural nursing care and expands its definition further by comparing and contrasting it with Jean-Paul Sartre's existentialist perspective. The two modes of existence as defined by Sartre are closely examined. Concrete examples are offered as cultural phenomena and the components of a cultural assessment are discussed and applied. The philosophical thesis is approached from a transcultural nursing perspective and existentialism is shown to serve as a foundation for transcultural nursing. The advantages and disadvantages of transcultural nursing practice and the preparation of transcultural nurses are finally addressed.

  12. Jean-Christophe Bureau, La politique agricole commune

    OpenAIRE

    Perrin, Coline

    2007-01-01

    Ce petit précis sur la politique agricole commune (PAC) tombe à pic ! À l’heure où la politique agricole devient l’affaire de tous, discutée aussi bien dans le Grenelle de l’environnement que dans le dernier rapport sur le développement de la Banque mondiale, dénoncée comme trop dispendieuse des fonds publics ou défendue pour sa contribution à l’harmonie du territoire, il était temps de pouvoir se replonger dans l’analyse historique et économique du rôle qu’elle a joué en Europe. Jean-Christo...

  13. Jean Mélia, La Vie amoureuse de Stendhal

    OpenAIRE

    Arrous, Michel

    2017-01-01

    À l’époque où Stendhal devenait un objet de culte, Jean Mélia, dont le nom était loin de faire autorité, a mis Stendhal en coupe réglée: Stendhal et les femmes (1902), refondu en 1909 sous le titre La Vie amoureuse de Stendhal, Les idées de Stendhal (1910), et le fort utile Stendhal et ses commentateurs (1911, reprint Eurédit, 2012). Léautaud, qui venait de préfacer un recueil des «Plus belles pages» de Stendhal, ne l’a pas épargné: «Quant à la Vie amoureuse de Stendhal, n’est-ce pas que c’es...

  14. History of Medicine Jean Marc Gaspard Itard - 1774-1838.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalat, N I

    1982-06-01

    Here is the history of French physician and otologist, Jean Marc Gaspard Itard (1774-1838). As physician for the Institute for Deaf Mutes in Paris, Dr. Itard became responsible for the care and civilization of the "wild boy of Aveyron," also known as, "The Wild Child" of the Truffaut movie. Their encounter became the first carefully recorded effort to train a culturally deprived individual on a one-to-one basis, or perhaps on any basis. Dr. Itard's work lead directly through Dr. Sequin and Dr. Montessori to us today. If we now stand on the threshold of restoring hearing by implantation to the totally deaf, then the results we expect and the training programs we must follow will naturally take us back to the work of this physician of the French Revolution.

  15. Le double destin des archives Jean Sénac

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Nacer-Khodja

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Les archives Jean Sénac (1926‑1973 sont constituées de deux fonds : un fonds déposé à la bibliothèque municipale de Marseille et un autre à la Bibliothèque nationale d’Algérie. Le premier fonds regroupe essentiellement les manuscrits de la période de l’écrivain en France (1950‑1952 et 1954‑1962. Le fonds de la Bibliothèque nationale d’Algérie – le plus riche quantitativement – correspond à deux grandes périodes de la vie et de l’œuvre de Sénac en Algérie, soit de 1926 à 1950 et de 1962 à 1973.

  16. The early evolution of Jean Piaget's clinical method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Susan Jean

    2005-11-01

    This article analyzes the early evolution of Jean Piaget's renowned "clinical method" in order to investigate the method's strikingly original and generative character. Throughout his 1st decade in the field, Piaget frequently discussed and justified the many different approaches to data collection he used. Analysis of his methodological progression during this period reveals that Piaget's determination to access the genuine convictions of children eventually led him to combine 3 distinct traditions in which he had been trained-naturalistic observation, psychometrics, and the psychiatric clinical examination. It was in this amalgam, first evident in his 4th text, that Piaget discovered the clinical dynamic that would drive the classic experiments for which he is most well known.

  17. Sur les Ecrits de Jean Carbonnier (1908-2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Pageard

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Cette centaine de textes divers, présentés et commentés par une équipe de juristes, d’historiens, de sociologues ou d’anthropologues, donne une très vivante vision de la personnalité et des activités d’un penseur qui joua un rôle important dans l’enseignement et l’ évolution de la seconde moitié du XXe siècle.Tout est dit dans cet ouvrage sur l’exceptionnelle érudition de Jean Carbonnier en maints domaines, sur l’élégance et la finesse de sa langue, sur la clarté de son expression. Cette clar...

  18. EL PSICOANÁLISIS EXISTENCIAL DE JEAN-PAUL SARTRE

    OpenAIRE

    Alfonso Rodríguez M.

    2001-01-01

    Esta ponencia se refiere al aparte «El psicoanálisis existencial», sección I del capítulo II de la cuarta parte del libro El ser y la nada, de Jean-Paul Sartre (JPS), publicado por ediciones Gallimard en 1943. Este aparte del libro básicamente define lo que entiende JPS por psicoanálisis existencial, por oposición a los llamados por él «psicoanálisis empírico» y «psicoanálisis de Freud y sus discípulos». Este capítulo es además importante porque aquí se encuentran varios de ...

  19. Grafmeyer Yves, Authier Jean-Yves, Sociologie urbaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anaïs Van Sull

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Yves Grafmeyer et Jean-Yves Authier ont consacré la plupart de leurs travaux de recherche aux questions de l’espace urbain et de la socialisation qui y prend place. L’ouvrage qu’ils proposent, enrichi et actualisé par rapport à la première édition, aborde les différents objets, méthodes et problématiques qui peuvent être insérés dans le champ de la sociologie urbaine. S’ils reconnaissent une large part d’arbitraire dans les concepts et courants retenus, on ne peut que se réjouir des nouvelles...

  20. [Pierre Bayen rediscovers the Essays of Jean Rey].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafont, Olivier

    2014-10-01

    Jean Rey, a physician from The Bugue, a little town near Bergerac, published, in 1630, a book entitled "Essays" in which he explained the increase of the mass of lead, when it was strongly heated, by the fixation of a part of the air. This revolutionary publication was not received by the European scientists, because the Father Mersenne, "the secretary of learned Europe", was not able to repeat his experiments. Between 1774 and 1775, Pierre Bayen, who was a military apothecary, published his Works concerning the "precipitate per se", for us HgO, showing that when this compound was destroyed by heating, it produced a gas, and that the mass of this gas and the mass of the mercury obtained were equal to the mass of the "precipitate per se". He concluded that the phlogiston theory was contradictory with the results of the experiments. When, later on, Lavoisier published his important article on the increase of the mass of steal when it was heated in the air, he "forgot" to cite the Works of Bayen. In January 1775, Pierre Bayen published a letter in which he mentioned that he had discovered an exemplar of Jean Rey's book and explained that this physician of the 17th century had supposed the explanation that had been proved by Lavoisier. Nicolas Gobet then published a new edition of the "Essays" in 1777, but this new edition became itself quite rare. An inscription pencilled on the book kept by the British Museum pretends that all the exemplars Lavoisier could find were destroyed. It is not rigorous to conclude on a single document, especially when it is not signed, but it is sufficient to induce doubt.

  1. Jean Fourastié, un expert en comptabilité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Régis Boulat

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Qui ne connait pas Jean Fourastié, auteur de la formule des “Trente Glorieuses” et de plusieurs essais économiques grand public qui, en décrivant les mécanismes économiques de long terme, ont dévoilé aux Français le sens et la portée des transformations que leur pays connait après la guerre ? Pourtant, les amalgames les oublis et les simplifications montrent qu'il est un “inconnu célèbre”. Dans ce contexte, et à la lumière de recherches récentes, son rôle dans l'harmonisation des pratiques comptables dans le domaine des assurances, son champ d'expertise originel, comme sa participation aux différents comités à l'origine de la comptabilité nationale pendant la Deuxième Guerre mondiale doivent être réévalués.Who doesn’t know Jean Fourastié, author of the famous "Trente Glorieuses” and of several brilliant essays which, giving to understand long term economic mechanisms, revealed to the French meaning and scope of the transformations their country experienced after the war ? But amalgams, omissions and simplifications show that he's, somehow, famous but unknown. In that context, his role in the harmonization of accounting practices in the insurances business in the thirties as well as his participation to different committees dealing with national accounting during World War II need to be re-evaluated.

  2. Tela e tinta no cinema de Jean-Pierre Jeunet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diener, Patrick

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O cineasta francês Jean-Pierre Jeunet, diretor de filmes como O Fabuloso Destino de Amélie Poulain (Le fabuleux destin d’Amélie Poulain e Eterno Amor (Un long dimanche de fiançailles admitiu em entrevistas ter sido influenciado pela estética do pintor catarinense, radicado em Paris, Juarez Machado. Entretanto o cineasta não aponta quais elementos visuais foram utilizados como inspiração para suas cenas. Esta dissertação tem como objetivo geral analisar quadros de Juarez Machado e filmes de Jean-Pierre Jeunet para apontar as características determinantes desta mencionada influência estética. Como objetivo específico o trabalho se propõe a exemplificar suas correlações e levantar características de movimentos artísticos que podem caber à ambas artes, cinema e pintura. O problema está em identificar as similaridades entre as obras. Em que pontos estas duas formas distintas de arte podem apresentar semelhanças e sob quais perspectivas ou nuances da direção de arte os filmes interagem com as telas de Machado ou as tem como referência? Para levantar tais dados e traçar os correlatos entre telas e filmes a dissertação utilizará pesquisa teórica bibliográfica entre telas do pintor e objeto. Como corpus de estudo serão utilizadas telas de Juarez Machado e o filme de 2001, O Fabuloso Destino de Amélie Poulain (Le fabuleux destin d’Amélie Poulain. Este trabalho discorre sobre análise da imagem, intertextualidade e mídias, com aporte teórico em Gérard Genette e Gilles Deleuze

  3. 探索Jean-Charles de Castelbajac的波普艺术魅力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱蕙琳; 刘晓刚

    2011-01-01

    一、背景介绍走在时尚世界风头浪尖的设计大师Jean-Charles de Castelbajac令人惊叹的想象力和具有孩童气息的创造能力让他的每一个作品都蕴含着别具一格的特色。如果说同样来自法国的Jean-Paul Gaultier是时装界的坏孩子,那么Jean-Charles de Castelbajac则无疑是时装界的Andy Warhol,

  4. Jeans instability of magnetized quantum plasma: Effect of viscosity, rotation and finite Larmor radius corrections

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jain, Shweta, E-mail: jshweta09@gmail.com; Sharma, Prerana [Department of Physics, Ujjain Engineering College, Ujjain, M.P.456010 (India); Chhajlani, R. K. [School of Studies in Physics, Vikram University Ujjain, M. P. - 456010 (India)

    2015-07-31

    The Jeans instability of self-gravitating quantum plasma is examined considering the effects of viscosity, finite Larmor radius (FLR) corrections and rotation. The analysis is done by normal mode analysis theory with the help of relevant linearized perturbation equations of the problem. The general dispersion relation is obtained using the quantum magneto hydrodynamic model. The modified condition of Jeans instability is obtained and the numerical calculations have been performed to show the effects of various parameters on the growth rate of Jeans instability.

  5. Jean Illiopoulos, physicien des particules - Médaillé Dirac 2007

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    This prestigious distinction in the field of theoretical physics and mathematics will be given to Jean Illiopoulos and Luciano Maiani. This distinction rewards their common studies on the "charmed quark". (1 page)

  6. Mustamäe Jeans & Sport kujundati nädalaga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Kauplusele Jeans & Sport määras sisekujundaja Urmas Alling punased trepid ja laetalad ning must-valge värvikombinatsiooni, ülejäänud sisekujunduse eest kandis õnnestunult hoolt reklaamijuht Urmas Priske

  7. Jean Libis, Fabio Ferreira, Catherine Gublin, Sarah Mezaguer (eds.), Les Lectures de Gaston Bachelard. Index bibliographique

    OpenAIRE

    Aurosa Alison

    2012-01-01

    Jean Libis, Fabio Ferreira, Catherine Gublin, Sarah Mezaguer (eds.), Les Lectures de Gaston Bachelard. Index bibliographique (Paris, Presse Universitaire de Franche-Comté, 2011 ISBN: 978-2-84867-392) di     Aurosa Alison

  8. EAARL Topography-Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve 2006

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A first surface/bare earth elevation map (also known as a Digital Elevation Model, or DEM) of the Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve in Louisiana was...

  9. Jeans instability of a galactic disk embedded in a live dark halo

    CERN Document Server

    Esquivel, O

    2007-01-01

    We investigate the Jeans instability of a galactic disk embedded in a dynamically responsive dark halo. It is shown that the disk-halo system becomes nominally Jeans unstable. On small scales the instability is suppressed, if the Toomre stability index Q_T is higher than a certain threshold, but on large scales the Jeans instability sets invariably in. However, using a simple self-consistent disk-halo model it is demonstrated that this occurs on scales which are much larger than the system so that this is indeed only a nominal effect. From a practical point of view the Jeans instability of galactic disks is not affected by a live dark halo.

  10. Interbeing and Mindfulness: A Bridge to Understanding Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sitzman, Kathleen L.

    2002-01-01

    Explains and compares Thich Naht Hanh's concept of interbeing and mindfulness and Jean Watson's theory of human caring. Describes the application of mindful practices to holistic nursing and nursing education. (Contains 12 references.) (SK)

  11. EAARL Topography-Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve 2006

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — A first surface/bare earth elevation map (also known as a Digital Elevation Model, or DEM) of the Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve in Louisiana was...

  12. Jean Libis, Fabio Ferreira, Catherine Gublin, Sarah Mezaguer (eds., Les Lectures de Gaston Bachelard. Index bibliographique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurosa Alison

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Jean Libis, Fabio Ferreira, Catherine Gublin, Sarah Mezaguer (eds., Les Lectures de Gaston Bachelard. Index bibliographique (Paris, Presse Universitaire de Franche-Comté, 2011 ISBN: 978-2-84867-392 di  Aurosa Alison

  13. The outside of phenomenology: Jean-Luc Nancy on world and sense1

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Patrick Roney

    2013-01-01

      In this essay, I examine Jean-Luc Nancy's notion of the sense of the world in relation to the phenomenological investigation of the life-world in Husserl and the worldhood of the world in Heidegger...

  14. Salomé et la figure féminine chez Jean Lorrain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Ferrety

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In the analysis of the myth of Salome prepared by Jean Lorrain, we will see the decadent writer lashing out against the figurative image of the end-century woman. Facing his contemporary writers, Jean Lorrain, not only does he separate from them to offer a unique show in the figurative field, but also unleashes an imaginary projection that allows him to reach a very personal aesthetics, which culminates with the appearance of the Androgyne.

  15. Ilusi Virtual: Kejayaan Media atas Audien? Telaah Kritis atas Teori Resepsi Media Jean Baudrillard

    OpenAIRE

    Budi Irawanto

    2002-01-01

    This article aims to scruntinize more closely Jean Baudrillard work on media reception. This work is important because Jean Baudrillard is one of the most stimulating and provocative contemporary thinker. In his views, similar in some respects to John Fiske's , consumers (audiences) do resist the media. Far from claiming that media reception is passive and alienated, Baudrillard sees in some reception a resistive response to the media. When understood in the light of media reception perspecti...

  16. Territori di Babele. Aforismi sulla traduzione di Jean-Yves Masson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riccardo Raimondo

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Yves Masson pubblica i suoi aforismi sulla traduttologia nel 1991. Attraverso questi inediti precetti, possiamo seguire un filo conduttore che si dipana dalle origini della riflessione sulla traduzione fino alle più recenti teorie.In 1991 Jean Yves Masson published his aphorisms on Translation Theory. Following these original guidelines, we are able to trace the developments of translation theory from its origins to the present.

  17. Algunos aportes fermentales de la primera etapa de Jean Baudrillard.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gastón Amen

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se repasan algunas de las principales y más fermentales ideas de la primera etapa de la obra de Jean Baudrillard, desde la convicción de que es un período fundamental en su elaboración teórica, sin cuya comprensión se torna imposible captar todas las implicancias de su posterior trabajo. Además, a esto se le suma que consideradas en sí mismas, estas ideas aún tienen mucho para aportar para pensar nuestra actualidad.En este sentido, en el presente artículo, luego de presentar esquemáticamente las tres etapas en que tradicionalmente se ha dividido su obra, se comienza repasando sus reflexiones en torno a la sociedad de consumo y al estatuto del signo en la misma, para luego abordar su crítica de la economía política del signo y su desmantelamiento radical del productivismo, con el consiguiente despliegue de una antropología revolucionaria que escapa del marco de la utilidad y los preceptos de la economía política. Lo cual implica en Baudrillard un rechazo del valor en todas sus formas (de uso, de cambio y de signo y la búsqueda de una alternativa sustentada, en esta etapa, en el intercambio simbólico.

  18. Pedagical enlightenment and natural education in Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano Eduardo Wendt

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The essay discusses the importance of Jean-Jacques Rousseau for modern pedagogy, by being grounded on his philosophical-pedagogical work Émile or On Education. It seeks to present the meaning of pedagogical enlightenment as well as the concept of natural education, and the two great novelties brought by Rousseau to the educational realm, i.e., the concept of infancy and of education. In this perspective, it analyzes the three main interpretations to which Rousseau’s enlightenment was submitted along history: As an optimist of reason, primitivist and dialectician of reason. Assuming the Genevan’s thought as a defender of a dialectics of reason, the essay seeks to reflect the unfolding which every concept provokes to its project of natural education and how it reflects in the cognitive and moral development of the infants. At last it deals with the presentation of two innovations which Rousseau brings to the realm of education, the first one which deals with the concept of infancy, and the second one which deals with the pedagogical concept as a whole, by considering the phases of biological, cognitive and moral maturing, where each child is encountered.

  19. Man with a Mission: Jean-Dominique Cassini

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkora, Leila

    2004-03-01

    Jean-Dominique Cassini, for whom the Cassini mission to Saturn is named, is best known for his early understanding of that planet's rings. This article is an overview of his influential career in astronomy and other scientific fields.= Born in Italy in1625 and formally educated at an early age, he was a professor of astronomy at the University of Bologna, a leading center of learning in Europe of the time. He was an early observer of Jupiter, Mars, and Venus. He is best known for constructing a giant pinhole camera in a cathedral that he used with a meridian line on the floor to track the Sun's image through the year, thus providing the Catholic Church with a reliable calendar. Cassini also used the pinhole camera observations to calculate the variation in the distance between the Sun and Earth, thus lending support to the Copernican (Sun-centered) view of the solar system. Cassini moved to Paris at the request of King Louis XIV, originally to oversee the surveying needed for a new map system of France, but ultimately he took over as the director of the Paris Observatory. Cassini's descendants ran the observatory there for the following century.

  20. Jean-Martin Charcot: neurologist by avocation, nephrologist by yearning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eknoyan, Garabed

    2011-01-01

    In an age of medical advances and specialization, Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) helped found the discipline of neurology and in 1882 was appointed the first Professor of Diseases of the Nervous System in France. As an investigator with broad interests and vast knowledge, Charcot contributed to several other disciplines. An early mentor and dominant figure in Charcot's formative years was Pierre Rayer (1793-1867), famous for his seminal contributions to the study of the kidney, who gifted to Charcot his passion for clinical pathological correlations and likely a yearning for the study of kidney diseases. Famous for the clarity and incisiveness of his formal teaching presentations, Charcot lectured on the kidney at the Faculty of Medicine in Paris in 1877. Translated into English and published as a book titled Lectures on Bright's Disease, those lectures became widely accessible and quoted in the literature through the 1940s. In addition, at a time when he was already concentrating on the study of neurological disorders, Charcot maintained his life-long interest in the kidney and published original studies on the pathological changes of the kidney in gout and experimental lead poisoning, as well as supporting a study of hysterical ischuria by his students.

  1. Aprendizagem e Desenvolvimento na Teoria de Jean Piaget

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Suzana De Stefano Menin

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo são apresentadas, segundo indicay6es de Castorina (1988, e desenvolvidas três etapas em que a teoria Psicogenetica de Jean Piaget debruçou-se sobre as relações entre aprendizagem e desenvolvimento buscando esclarece-las. Na primeira etapa, a teoria buscou diferenciar-se das posi96es empiristas e aprioristas afirmando todo o desenvolvimento cognitivo como construção gradual de estruturas. Na segunda, negou-se a possibilidade de apressar a construção de operações 16gicas atraves de treinos baseados em aprendizagens estritas, por associação e reforço, de respostas corretas. Na terceira etapa a teoria Psicogenetica buscou responder às indagações sobre as possibilidades de se promover o desenvolvimento através da apresentação de situações de desequilíbriocognitivo.

  2. Jean Alesi and his son Giuliano visited CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Emma Jones

    2010-01-01

    Jean Alesi, former F1 racing driver, and his kids visited CERN on Monday 1st February 2010. The Bulletin and the Video productions team had the opportunity to meet him. The video interview is transcribed for your convenience. What attracted you to CERN, what was it that made you want to come? We talked at home with the children about places to see close to us, like CERN, where they are seeking to reproduce the origins of the world. These things are so far removed from what we ordinarily think and talk about, that they captured our imagination and made us want to come see for ourselves. We know that your son (Giuliano, 9 years) is interested in what is happening at CERN, so we'd like to ask him: how did he find out about it? Giuliano: I am very interested in the technologies used in laboratories, and the exploration of the Universe. Plus, I wanted to see some of the incredible machines. I enjoyed my visit a lot. I found out about CERN from my mother. She showed me a video that I really liked, so I wanted to...

  3. Modified Jeans Instability for Dust Grains in a Plasma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luca Delzanno, Gian

    2005-10-01

    In two recent papers, Delzanno et al. [1, 2] have pointed out that an electron emitting (for instance due to photoemission) dust grain immersed in a plasma can sustain profiles of the shielding potential having an attractive potential well (reminiscent of the Lennard-Jones potential for the attraction among atoms). The presence of a potential well in the shielding potential has important consequences as it can lead to attractive forces on other grains even if they have the sign of charge and can be particularly important for astrophysical systems. In this study, we will present the kinetic theory of the modified Jeans instability [3], where a system of dust particles interacts through the gravitational and electrostatic forces. The latter, however, is not modeled with the Coulomb potential but with the potential well discovered in Refs. [1, 2]. We show that the well acts broadening the spectrum of gravitationally unstable modes and enhance their growth rates, even with respect to the pure gravitational case [3]. On the other hand, a pure Debye-Huckel potential always acts as to stabilize the system. [1] G. L. Delzanno, A. Bruno, G. Sorasio, G. Lapenta, Phys. Plasmas 12, 062102 (2005). [2] G. L. Delzanno, G. Lapenta, M. Rosenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 (3), 035002 (2004). [3] G. L. Delzanno, G. Lapenta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 175005 (2005).

  4. Jeans Analysis for Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies in Wave Dark Matter

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Shu-Rong; Chiueh, Tzihong

    2016-01-01

    Observations suggest that dwarf spheroidal (dSph) galaxies exhibit large constant-density cores in the centers, which can hardly be explained by dissipationless cold dark matter simulations. Wave dark matter (${\\psi {\\rm DM}}$), characterized by a single parameter, the dark matter particle mass $m_{\\psi}$, predicts a central soliton core in every galaxy arising from quantum pressure against gravity. Here we apply Jeans analysis to the kinematic data of eight classical dSphs so as to constrain $m_{\\psi}$, and obtain $m_{\\psi}=1.18_{-0.24}^{+0.28}\\times10^{-22}{\\,\\rm eV}$ and $m_{\\psi}=1.79_{-0.33}^{+0.35}\\times10^{-22}{\\,\\rm eV}~(2\\sigma)$ using the observational data sets of Walker et al. (2007) and Walker et al. (2009b), respectively. We show that the estimate of $m_{\\psi}$ is sensitive to the dSphs kinematic data sets and is robust to various models of stellar density profile. We also consider multiple stellar subpopulations in dSphs and find consistent results. This mass range of $m_{\\psi}$ is in good agre...

  5. EL PSICOANÁLISIS EXISTENCIAL DE JEAN-PAUL SARTRE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Rodríguez M.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta ponencia se refiere al aparte «El psicoanálisis existencial», sección I del capítulo II de la cuarta parte del libro El ser y la nada, de Jean-Paul Sartre (JPS, publicado por ediciones Gallimard en 1943. Este aparte del libro básicamente define lo que entiende JPS por psicoanálisis existencial, por oposición a los llamados por él «psicoanálisis empírico» y «psicoanálisis de Freud y sus discípulos». Este capítulo es además importante porque aquí se encuentran varios de los temas más recurrentes en la filosofía sartriana, como son los temas de la libertad, Dios como para– sí del hombre y la razón como luz que descubre las últimas evidencias. A pesar de la reconocida «inspiración freudiana», además de Freud, este aparte arremete contra algunos de los pensadores que critica la obra sartriana: Kant, Nietzsche, Heidegger.

  6. The Chiasmus of Mourning and Identification in Jean Genet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Benson

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available The theories of psychological identification proposed by Sigmund Freud and Kaja Silverman are explored in relation to Jean Genet's Funeral Rites and his later essay on Rembrandt. Genet can be seen to separate mourning (which for Freud lies at the basis of identification from a process of generalized identification in which his difference from other people dissolves. A narcissistic formation of personality, evident in the symbolism of mirrors in Funeral Rites , gives to this process an added impetus. But the fundamental condition of possibility for such generalized identification is the void it reveals at the center of all personality. This void not only makes possible the different kinds of identification (heteropathic and idiopathic described by Silverman, it also disturbs any clear distinction between them. It is for these reasons that the glamorization of Nazism in Funeral Rites is coextensive with a demystification of its power, and the often brutal eroticism of the book is suffused with an ineradicable dimension of tenderness. Taken further in the essay on Rembrandt, these themes lead to an ambiguous mysticism in which the source of creativity is revealed as inseparable from its ultimate obliteration.

  7. Jean-Luc Nancy and politics. Communism and Inoperative community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Sadzik

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article I would like to show in which way in the works ofFrench philosopher Jean-Luc Nancy there are links between “community” and“communism”. The latter, for him, has a meaning exceeding the domain of politicsand should be understood as a some kind of pre-existential and quasi-onthologicalcategory. Being-in-common means for philosopher being-with which is expressedby Latin prefix “com” characterizing “communitas” and “communism”. “Com”emphasizes that being is first of all being with other (not only with other peoplebut with every other being including in it animals, plants etc. Furthermore, asNancy said: “communism is togetherness – the Mitsein, the being- with, understood as the belonging to existence of the individuals, which means, in the existential meaning, to their essence”. Therefore, Nancy’s community doesn’t belong to “the logic of myth” since is, in the first place, what he called “the inoperative community”.

  8. Did Jean-Martin Charcot contribute to stroke?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogousslavsky, Julien; Paciaroni, Maurizio

    2010-01-01

    Stroke was never identified as a significant, autonomous field of activity of the emerging school of neurology at La Salpêtrière, which developed after the appointment of Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) during the last days of 1861. However, stroke was already present in Charcot's first paper (1851), which dealt with a case of multiple organ cardiac embolism, including middle cerebral artery infarction, at a time when the studies of Rudolf Virchow on thromboembolism were unknown in France. A few years later, Charcot made a still up-to-date description of vascular intermittent claudication, which had only been reported in the horse. In the 1860s, Charcot and his pupils presented several major works dealing with cerebrovascular disease, including famous studies on miliary aneurysms in cerebral hemorrhage. This work was done with Charles Bouchard, at the time Charcot's 'interne', but who would become one of his 'political' opponents 2 decades later, when in 1892, as president of the 'agrégation' jury, he rejected the professorship application of 4 protégés of Charcot, including Joseph Babinski and Georges Gilles de la Tourette. Further work on cerebrovascular disease by Charcot included histological studies of brain 'softening', paraneoplastic cerebral arterial occlusion and consequences of stroke (e.g. arthropathies, vegetative changes, contractures and abnormal movements). Brain localization, one of Charcot's major neurological topics, was also largely based on stroke case studies. Charcot's work on stroke remains poorly recognized, but it demonstrates his unique skills in stimulating scientific work in younger colleagues, many of whom subsequently became major figures of neurology and psychiatry.

  9. Les équivoques de la souffrance chez Jean Bodel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Tanase

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Atteint d’un mal qu’il désigne plus loin comme la lèpre, Jean Bodel prend congé des arrageois et établit ainsi un genre poétique qui, au début du XIIIe siècle, représente la première manifestation en littérature française de la perspective ironique du poète envers lui-même. Les Congés de Bodel semblent se fonder sur un «jeu de la souffrance et de la honte, du ‘dire’ et de ‘se cacher’» et, par une variante du thème de la chantepleure, ils anticipent la poésie lyrique du XVe siècle. (... La souffrance constitue ainsi le leurre d’un sens qui serait séditieux et qui dépasse pourtant la sphère du social ou de l’idéologique, car il se résout dans la maîtrise de la parole. L’étalage d’habileté poétique, art d’un discours où les significations s’effritent, séduit le lecteur d’aujourd’hui, tout comme le public d’alors, appelés tous les deux à chercher les multiples visages du poète.

  10. The Jeans modeling of the Milky Way galaxy: implications of the kinematics of the stellar halo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samurović, S.; Lalović, A.

    2011-07-01

    Aims: We investigate the predictions of Newtonian dynamics and the MOND theory related to the Milky Way galaxy using the Jeans equation. Methods: We used the measurements of the radial velocities of the blue horizontal branch (BHB) halo stars to test the predictions of Newtonian gravity and to also extend our study to different MOND models, taking orbital anisotropies that we calculate into account. Results: The halo stars of the Galaxy were used as a tracer of the Galaxy's gravitational potential. The Jeans equation was calculated for both the Newtonian and the MOND approaches. We assumed spherical symmetry and calculated the Jeans equation by taking orbital anisotropies into account. Circular velocities for both approaches were also analyzed. Conclusions: We solved the Jeans equation in spherical approximation and confirm that the Newtonian model without dark matter cannot fit the observed velocity dispersion profile and that the truncated flat model with dark matter can provide a good fit to the observed velocity dispersion. For the MOND models, from the Jeans modeling and the models of the circular velocity curves, we found that two models can provide a fit to the data without significant anisotropies whereas two other tested models need various anisotropies to obtain the same result.

  11. Jeans instability in collisional strongly coupled dusty plasma with radiative condensation and polarization force

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prajapati, R. P., E-mail: prajapati-iter@yahoo.co.in; Bhakta, S. [Department of Pure and Applied Physics, Guru Ghasidas Central University, Bilaspur-495009 (C.G.) (India); Chhajlani, R. K. [Retired from School of Studies in Physics, Vikram University, Ujjain-456010 (M.P.) (India)

    2016-05-15

    The influence of dust-neutral collisions, polarization force, and electron radiative condensation is analysed on the Jeans (gravitational) instability of partially ionized strongly coupled dusty plasma (SCDP) using linear perturbation (normal mode) analysis. The Boltzmann distributed ions, dynamics of inertialess electrons, charged dust and neutral particles are considered. Using the plane wave solutions, a general dispersion relation is derived which is modified due to the presence of dust-neutral collisions, strong coupling effect, polarization force, electron radiative condensation, and Jeans dust/neutral frequencies. In the long wavelength perturbations, the Jeans instability criterion depends upon strong coupling effect, polarization interaction parameter, and thermal loss, but it is independent of dust-neutral collision frequency. The stability of the considered configuration is analysed using the Routh–Hurwitz criterion. The growth rates of Jeans instability are illustrated, and stabilizing influence of viscoelasticity and dust-neutral collision frequency while destabilizing effect of electron radiative condensation, polarization force, and Jeans dust-neutral frequency ratio is observed. This work is applied to understand the gravitational collapse of SCDP with dust-neutral collisions.

  12. EAARL Topography - Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayegandhi, Amar; Brock, John C.; Wright, C. Wayne; Segura, Martha; Yates, Xan

    2008-01-01

    These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of Lidar-derived first surface (FS) and bare earth (BE) topography were produced as a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Florida Integrated Science Center (FISC), St. Petersburg, FL; the National Park Service (NPS), Gulf Coast Network, Lafayette, LA; and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Wallops Flight Facility, VA. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of the Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve in Louisiana, acquired on September 22, 2006. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural resource managers. An innovative airborne Lidar instrument originally developed at the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, and known as the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL), was used during data acquisition. The EAARL system is a raster-scanning, waveform-resolving, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) Lidar designed to map near-shore bathymetry, topography, and vegetation structure simultaneously. The EAARL sensor suite includes the raster-scanning, water-penetrating full-waveform adaptive Lidar, a down-looking red-green-blue (RGB) digital camera, a high-resolution multi-spectral color infrared (CIR) camera, two precision dual-frequency kinematic carrier-phase GPS receivers, and an integrated miniature digital inertial measurement unit, which provide for submeter georeferencing of each laser sample. The nominal EAARL platform is a twin-engine Cessna 310 aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. A single pilot, a Lidar operator, and a data analyst constitute the crew for most survey operations. This sensor has the potential to make significant contributions in measuring sub-aerial and submarine coastal topography within cross-environmental surveys. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the EAARL system

  13. BOOK REVIEW: Jean-Charles Houzeau et son temps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterken, C.; Verhas, P.

    2002-12-01

    This is a wonderful book. It describes the life and work of Belgian astronomer Jean-Charles Houzeau (1820-1888) and, as the last three words of the title indicate, it has a broader focus including the social, industrial and scientific context of the second part of the 19th century. This is set in a very broad international social context including social revolutions in Belgium and France, and the abolition of slavery in the United States. The biography clearly shows that this hard-working man was driven by science and justice, by individualism and generosity, by humor and sentiment. The book is divided in four parts, each part is placed in its own historical context. The first part "The apprentice, the master and his disciples" describes Houzeau's childhood and young years, his early scientific career at the Observatory in Brussels, and his relationship with Adolphe Quetelet. The evolution of this relationship is very well documented: the turbulent revolutionary Houzeau versus cool, moderated and diplomatic royalist Quetelet, the observer versus the mathematician theorist. But both were very dedicated teachers: Quetelet established public courses and after the Revolution of 1830 he contributed to the foundation of the University of Brussels; Houzeau was the peripatetic teacher wherever place he was, also after his return to Belgium. The second part is "The politician" and deals with Houzeau's political ideas and revolutionary attitudes and their consequences. His revolutionary ideas, though, were not confined to politics only: he also severely criticised the paucity of high-precision observations collected at the Royal Observatory in his days. Because he participated at revolutionary meetings, Houzeau was fired from his position at the Observatory by the Minister of Interior Affairs Charles Rogier. Thus started his peripathetic life, covering observational work in astronomy, geography, geodesy and natural sciences in many places in Belgium and abroad. The third

  14. Histoire de lÈstonie et de la nation estonienne : Eesti ja eesti rahvuse ajalugu : intervjuu Jean-Pierre Minaudier̀ga / Jean-Pierre Minaudier ; küsitlenud Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Minaudier, Jean-Pierre

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu raamatu "Histoire de lÈstonie et de la nation estonienne" autori, prantsuse ajaloolase Jean-Pierre Minaudier̀ga. Raamatututvustus : Minaudier, Jean-Pierre. Histoire de lÈstonie et de la nation estonienne. Paris : L̀Harmattan, 2007 (Bibliothèque finno-ougrienne; 17)

  15. Histoire de lÈstonie et de la nation estonienne : Eesti ja eesti rahvuse ajalugu : intervjuu Jean-Pierre Minaudier̀ga / Jean-Pierre Minaudier ; küsitlenud Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Minaudier, Jean-Pierre

    2008-01-01

    Intervjuu raamatu "Histoire de lÈstonie et de la nation estonienne" autori, prantsuse ajaloolase Jean-Pierre Minaudier̀ga. Raamatututvustus : Minaudier, Jean-Pierre. Histoire de lÈstonie et de la nation estonienne. Paris : L̀Harmattan, 2007 (Bibliothèque finno-ougrienne; 17)

  16. Il dono del libero arbitrio nella Terza Orazione inaugurale: analogie e differenze con Jean Bodin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Megale

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available [The “gift of free will” in the Third Inaugural Oratio: Similarities and Differences with Jean Bodin]. This paper intends to emphasize the position of Vico between knowledge and liberty with reference to modern concept of respublica literaria. We are still far from Voltaire’s Traité, but the political influences of the theory of religious tolerance had found full expression already at the end of the XVIth century, expecially by Jean Bodin, whose Colloquium Heptaplomeres (1593 is analyzed by the author and compared with Vico’s Oratio III.

  17. Une mission astronomique de Jean Picard: Le voyage d'Uraniborg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Kurt Møller

    1987-01-01

    In order to determine the difference in longitude between Tycho Brahe's observatory on the island of Hven and the new observatory in Paris, the French astronomer Jean Picard travelled to Copenhagen with the most accurate equipment to measure that difference. The mission was a success, he determined...

  18. [Jean-Daniel Strub. Der gerechte Friede. Spannungsfelder eines friedensethnischen Leibegriffs.] / Andreas Pawlas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pawlas, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Strub, Jean-Daniel. Der gerechte Friede. Spannungsfelder eines friedensethnischen Leibegriffs. (Forum Systematik. beiträge zur Dogmatik, Ethik und ökumenischen Theologie, hg von Johannes Brosseder, Johannes Fischer und Joachim Track, Band 36), Verlag W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 2010

  19. A Portrait of the Teacher as Friend and Artist: The Example of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEwan, Hunter

    2011-01-01

    The following is a reflection on the possibility of teaching by example, and especially as the idea of teaching by example is developed in the work of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. My thesis is that Rousseau created a literary version of himself in his writings as an embodiment of his philosophy, rather in the same way and with the same purpose that…

  20. Can You Hear Me Now? Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Listening Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laverty, Megan J.

    2011-01-01

    In this essay Megan J. Laverty argues that Jean-Jacques Rousseau's conception of humane communication and his proposal for teaching it have implications for our understanding of the role of listening in education. She develops this argument through a close reading of Rousseau's most substantial work on education, "Emile: Or, On Education". Laverty…

  1. Jean Lafitte 2013, 1.0 Meter LiDAR, Classified point cloud

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) dataset is a survey of the Jean Lafitte,G13PD00214, 1.0 Meter LiDAR Survey Area in south of New Orleans and encompasses 77...

  2. King Lear, de Jean-Luc Godard: uma tragédia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thais Flores Nogueira Diniz

    1995-10-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses Shakespeare's King Lear fIlmic translationladaptation by Jean-Luc Godard as a transformationlnegation of genre. It also shows that the tilmmaker's non-conventional treatment oftheme and forro changes the play into a "mock-fIlm".

  3. Rhetoric in Group Action: A Theory of Social Movements from Jean-Paul Sartre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warnick, Barbara

    The implications of a social movement theory advanced by Jean-Paul Sartre in his "Critique of Dialectical Reason" is examined in this paper. The paper notes that unlike sociologists and rhetoricians who have stressed the psychology of movement adherents, the reasons for movement formation, or the movement's interaction with power agents,…

  4. Het gelijk van de schrijver. Willem Frederik Hermans' fictieve discussie met Jean-Paul Sartre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Rooden, A.

    2012-01-01

    In discussions on the social impact of literature, literary commitment is often opposed to literary autonomy. Within the field of Dutch literature, Willem Frederik Hermans is generally understood as one of the most important representatives and supporters of literary autonomy. Jean-Paul Sartre, on t

  5. Rhetoric in Group Action: A Theory of Social Movements from Jean-Paul Sartre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warnick, Barbara

    The implications of a social movement theory advanced by Jean-Paul Sartre in his "Critique of Dialectical Reason" is examined in this paper. The paper notes that unlike sociologists and rhetoricians who have stressed the psychology of movement adherents, the reasons for movement formation, or the movement's interaction with power agents, Sartre…

  6. [Jean Chièze (1898-1975), medical engraver and illustrator].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouday, Etienne

    2010-01-01

    As an imaginative and sensitive woodcutter Jean Chièze illustrated more than 130 books and realised many draws, paintings and lithographs and about 2000 engravings. He took part in some editions about Rabelais, Hippocrates, Galen and Ambroise Paré.

  7. Jean-Jacques Rousseau among the Footnotes: Mapping Interdisciplinary Research in Social Science Citation Index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herubel, Jean-Pierre V. M.; Buchanan, Anne L.

    1994-01-01

    Examination of citations indexed in Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) reveals salient patterns which can be helpful in determining interdisciplinarity and/or disciplinarity. Collection development efforts can be enhanced by examination of citation patterns of published research related to a classical social science author such as Jean-Jacques…

  8. The Autodidact in Defense of Himself: Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Knut Hamsun.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buttry, Dolores

    1980-01-01

    Describes Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Knut Hamsun as self-educated men who never ceased to warn of the evils of formal education. Quoting from their works, considers their feelings toward education as revealed in Rousseau's "Emile," with its description of ideal education, and in the ill effects of education on Hamsun's characters. (AYC)

  9. Uus nobelist : prantslane Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2008-01-01

    Nobeli kirjandusauhind 2008 - prantsuse romaanikirjanik Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio. Sisaldab autori eesti keelde tõlgitud teoste annotatsioone: Päev, mil Beaumont tegi tutvust oma valuga : [novell] / tlk. Merike Riives (kogumikust Prantsuse novell, 1973); Kõrb / tlk. Kristiina Ross (Eesti Raamat, 1990); Diego ja Frida / tlk. Sirje Keevallik (Kunst, 2007)

  10. A Study of Displacement in Jean Rhys' Novel "Wide Sargasso Sea"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jamal, Inna Malissa bte Che; Singh, Hardev Kaur A/P Jujar; Mani, Manimangai

    2014-01-01

    "Wide Sargasso Sea," by Jean Rhys, is a novel filled with tragedy; two characters in conflict meet in circumstances not in their best interests but rather for other people. This novel is an illustration of the mad woman in the novel "Jane Eyre," by Charlotte Bronte, as the story of her life before madness is told in the novel…

  11. Design jeans for recycling: a supply chain case study in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bommel, van Harrie; Goorhuis, Maarten

    2014-01-01

    Because the insight is raising that waste prevention needs an integral product chain approach, a product chain project was awarded with an International Solid Waste Association grant. The project decided to focus on jeans because of the large environmental impacts of cotton and the low recycling rat

  12. Race and Gender in Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea | Samb | Lwati ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Race and Gender in Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea. ... Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives ... Whites and Blacks refer each to the racial others using stereotypical and over generalizing discourses. ... This paper analyses as well the gender issue within the framework of the patriarchal order ...

  13. Jean-Martin Charcot's Role in the 19th Century Study of Music Aphasia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Julene K.; Lorch, Marjorie; Nicolas, Serge; Graziano, Amy

    2013-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-93) was a well-known French neurologist. Although he is widely recognized for his discovery of several neurological disorders and his research into aphasia, Charcot's ideas about how the brain processes music are less well known. Charcot discussed the music abilities of several patients in the context of his "Friday…

  14. The evidence of film and the presence of the world: Jean-Luc Nancy's cinematic ontology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Früchtl, J.; Kavanaugh, L.

    2010-01-01

    Following Deleuze's theory, the emergence of the "time-image" following the Second World War led to (our relationship to) the world disappearing from film. Following Jean-Luc Nancy, the Iranian film-maker Abbas Kiarostami is a privileged witness to a cinema that liberates itself from a "postmodern"

  15. A Biographic Comparison Tracing the Origin of Their Ideas of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pass, Susan

    This paper compares the early life, background, and education of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. It makes the case that an adaptation of the curve developed by C. Quigley can be used to trace the motivations of both Piaget and Vygotsky in creating their respective theories. The analysis also reveals the adversity that each man faced. Although they…

  16. A Biographic Comparison Tracing the Similarities in the Lives of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pass, Susan

    This paper focuses on similarities in the lives of Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky to enlighten study of their pedagogies and to provide some information for current classroom techniques. Neither man had a great deal to say about his early life, although Piaget published an autobiography. A number of primary sources were used to construct the…

  17. Manufactured Memory, Altered Belief and Self Report Mirage: The Alleged False Memory of Jean Piaget Revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leavitt, Frank

    1999-01-01

    It is argued that a Jean Piaget anecdote about an alleged memory implanted in a young child leading to both a visual and semantic memory that persists despite disconfirming evidence is entirely different than the recovered memory debate, which is about the alleged introduction of memories to grown adults. (CR)

  18. Probes into the Actuality of Fantasy: Jean Epstein's "La Chute de la Maison Usher."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harpole, Charles H.

    "La Chute de la Maison Usher" is a film adaptation by Jean Epstein of two stories by Edgar Allan Poe, "The Fall of the House of Usher" and "The Oval Portrait." This film was typical of Epstein's artistic preoccupation with the ambivalence of reality as expressed in fantasy or surrealism, in qualities of movement, and…

  19. Memória e imaginação em Jean-Luc Lagarce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Lazzaratto

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This article is an analysis of the play I was in my house and waited for the rain to come, by Jean-Luc Lagarce, focusing the memory and the imagination as essential elements for the dramaturgical construction and also for the actresses’ task to build their characters.

  20. Dialogue——对话法国设计大师Jean Paul Knott

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    他是YSL品牌产品研发总监他是ELLASSAY歌力思品牌的设计顾问他认为时尚最主要的来源是人X=《消费》杂志:J=JEAN PAUL KNOTT ELLASSAY给我感觉市是十足的女人味,您看

  1. Rhetoric in Group Action: A Theory of Social Movements from Jean-Paul Sartre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warnick, Barbara

    The implications of a social movement theory advanced by Jean-Paul Sartre in his "Critique of Dialectical Reason" is examined in this paper. The paper notes that unlike sociologists and rhetoricians who have stressed the psychology of movement adherents, the reasons for movement formation, or the movement's interaction with power agents,…

  2. Het gelijk van de schrijver. Willem Frederik Hermans' fictieve discussie met Jean-Paul Sartre

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Rooden, A.

    2012-01-01

    In discussions on the social impact of literature, literary commitment is often opposed to literary autonomy. Within the field of Dutch literature, Willem Frederik Hermans is generally understood as one of the most important representatives and supporters of literary autonomy. Jean-Paul Sartre, on

  3. Manufactured Memory, Altered Belief and Self Report Mirage: The Alleged False Memory of Jean Piaget Revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leavitt, Frank

    1999-01-01

    It is argued that a Jean Piaget anecdote about an alleged memory implanted in a young child leading to both a visual and semantic memory that persists despite disconfirming evidence is entirely different than the recovered memory debate, which is about the alleged introduction of memories to grown adults. (CR)

  4. Jean Piaget and Rudolf Steiner: Stages of Child Development and Implications for Pedagogy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginsburg, Iona H.

    1982-01-01

    The views of Jean Piaget and Rudolf Steiner concerning children's stages of development are compared and related to present-day instructional practices used in the Waldorf schools, which employ Steiner's ideas. Educational principles and practices used at the elementary school level are discussed. (PP)

  5. Jean-Martin Charcot's Role in the 19th Century Study of Music Aphasia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Julene K.; Lorch, Marjorie; Nicolas, Serge; Graziano, Amy

    2013-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-93) was a well-known French neurologist. Although he is widely recognized for his discovery of several neurological disorders and his research into aphasia, Charcot's ideas about how the brain processes music are less well known. Charcot discussed the music abilities of several patients in the context of his "Friday…

  6. Jean Piaget and Rudolf Steiner: Stages of Child Development and Implications for Pedagogy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginsburg, Iona H.

    1982-01-01

    The views of Jean Piaget and Rudolf Steiner concerning children's stages of development are compared and related to present-day instructional practices used in the Waldorf schools, which employ Steiner's ideas. Educational principles and practices used at the elementary school level are discussed. (PP)

  7. De dood staat op. Naar een seculier opstandingsverhaal − een onderzoek met Jean-Luc Nancy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kate, L. ten

    2013-01-01

    In his philosophical project of a ‘deconstruction of monotheism’, Jean-Luc Nancy explores the hypothesis that the historical roots of secularization should be traced back to the beginnings of the monotheistic traditions. The secular is not exclusively a feature of modern culture. The complex connect

  8. The Role of Trustworthiness in Teaching: An Examination of "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Michael S.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the role that trustworthiness plays in the ability of teachers to function as moral role models. Through exploration of Muriel Spark's novel, "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie," I explain some of the central features of trustworthiness as a moral virtue and suggest how these features are critical…

  9. Une mission astronomique de Jean Picard: Le voyage d'Uraniborg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Kurt Møller

    1987-01-01

    In order to determine the difference in longitude between Tycho Brahe's observatory on the island of Hven and the new observatory in Paris, the French astronomer Jean Picard travelled to Copenhagen with the most accurate equipment to measure that difference. The mission was a success, he determin...

  10. President Li Xiaolin Meets with Former French Prime Minister Jean Pierre Raffarin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xing; Shuhua

    2016-01-01

    President Li Xiaolin met with Mr.Jean Pierre Raffarin,the former French prime minister,on May 27.President Li spoke highly of the outstanding contributions made by Raffarin to promoting the two countries’relations over the years.She also emphasized that Chinese people viewed him as a hero and true friend since he visited China as French prime

  11. "Of comics and men: A cultural history of American comic books," by Jean-Paul Gabilliet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drew Morton

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Paul Gabilliet. Of comics and men: A cultural history of American comic books. Translated by Bart Beaty and Nick Nguyen. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2010, hardcover, $55.00 (390p, ISBN 978-1604732672.

  12. [Jean-Daniel Strub. Der gerechte Friede. Spannungsfelder eines friedensethnischen Leibegriffs.] / Andreas Pawlas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pawlas, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    Arvustus: Strub, Jean-Daniel. Der gerechte Friede. Spannungsfelder eines friedensethnischen Leibegriffs. (Forum Systematik. beiträge zur Dogmatik, Ethik und ökumenischen Theologie, hg von Johannes Brosseder, Johannes Fischer und Joachim Track, Band 36), Verlag W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 2010

  13. Jean-Jacques Rousseau among the Footnotes: Mapping Interdisciplinary Research in Social Science Citation Index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herubel, Jean-Pierre V. M.; Buchanan, Anne L.

    1994-01-01

    Examination of citations indexed in Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) reveals salient patterns which can be helpful in determining interdisciplinarity and/or disciplinarity. Collection development efforts can be enhanced by examination of citation patterns of published research related to a classical social science author such as Jean-Jacques…

  14. Design jeans for recycling: a supply chain case study in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Bommel, H.W.M.; van Bommel, Harrie; Goorhuis, Maarten

    2014-01-01

    Because the insight is raising that waste prevention needs an integral product chain approach, a product chain project was awarded with an International Solid Waste Association grant. The project decided to focus on jeans because of the large environmental impacts of cotton and the low recycling rat

  15. Uus nobelist : prantslane Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2008-01-01

    Nobeli kirjandusauhind 2008 - prantsuse romaanikirjanik Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio. Sisaldab autori eesti keelde tõlgitud teoste annotatsioone: Päev, mil Beaumont tegi tutvust oma valuga : [novell] / tlk. Merike Riives (kogumikust Prantsuse novell, 1973); Kõrb / tlk. Kristiina Ross (Eesti Raamat, 1990); Diego ja Frida / tlk. Sirje Keevallik (Kunst, 2007)

  16. De dood staat op. Naar een seculier opstandingsverhaal − een onderzoek met Jean-Luc Nancy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kate, L. ten

    2013-01-01

    In his philosophical project of a ‘deconstruction of monotheism’, Jean-Luc Nancy explores the hypothesis that the historical roots of secularization should be traced back to the beginnings of the monotheistic traditions. The secular is not exclusively a feature of modern culture. The complex

  17. The evidence of film and the presence of the world: Jean-Luc Nancy's cinematic ontology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Früchtl, J.; Kavanaugh, L.

    2010-01-01

    Following Deleuze's theory, the emergence of the "time-image" following the Second World War led to (our relationship to) the world disappearing from film. Following Jean-Luc Nancy, the Iranian film-maker Abbas Kiarostami is a privileged witness to a cinema that liberates itself from a "postmodern"

  18. The Enunciation of the Subject: Sharing Jean-Luc Nancy's Singular Plural in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collins, Ashok

    2015-01-01

    This article seeks to explore the implications of Jean-Luc Nancy's reading of the subject for educational philosophy by connecting his re-interpretation of Descartes to his later thinking on what he names the ontological singular plural. Nancy's re-imagining of the Cogito coalesces around the figure of the mouth ("la bouche") through…

  19. Ensaio de Pedagogia Comparada: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) (Essay on Compared Pedagogy: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontanella, Francisco Cock

    2000-01-01

    Finds that, although the thought of Jean Jacques Rousseau is frequently cited as an influence on Immanuel Kant, this has no basis regarding pedagogical influence. Compares the "Projecto" and "Emilio" of Rousseau with Kant's "Pedagogia." (BT)

  20. Ensaio de Pedagogia Comparada: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) (Essay on Compared Pedagogy: Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) X Immanuel Kant (1724-1804).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontanella, Francisco Cock

    2000-01-01

    Finds that, although the thought of Jean Jacques Rousseau is frequently cited as an influence on Immanuel Kant, this has no basis regarding pedagogical influence. Compares the "Projecto" and "Emilio" of Rousseau with Kant's "Pedagogia." (BT)

  1. Jean Bodin, o Methodus e a Clio tucidideana: as figurações heroicizantes do historiador Jean Bodin, his ' Methodus' and Thucydides' Clio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Murari Pires

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Apreciando as representações figuradas na ideia de uma Clio Tucidideana por fins do século XVI, propõe-se refletir sobre a associação entre a concepção antiga de herói e a moderna de gênio como parâmetro epistemológico que catalisa a apreciação da excelência da práxis historiográfica. Aborda-se essa reflexão tomando em particular as proposições elaboradas sobre a escrita da História no Metodus de Jean Bodin que juntamente com La Popelinière e Thomas Hobbes configuram historiograficamente a ideia da Clio Tucidideana conceituada por Cesare Ripa.Considering the representations configured in the idea of a Thucydidean Clio in the end of the sixteenth century, the article proposes to think about the association between the ancient concept of the hero and the modern concept of the genius as a epistemological criterium that catalizes the appreciation of the excellence of historiographical praxis. The attention of the article is centered on the thesis proposed to the wrting of history in the Methodus of Jean Bodin, who configures, conjointly with La Popelinière and Thomas Hobbes, the historiographical formulation of the idea of a Thucydidean Clio cconceptualized by Cesare Ripa.

  2. Jean Sénac, citoyen innommé de l’Ailleurs

    OpenAIRE

    Sanson, Hervé

    2013-01-01

    L’œuvre de Jean Sénac se place sans conteste dans une esthétique du métissage : Européen d’origine, il embrasse sans réserve aucune l’Algérie indépendante. Son écriture poétique cultive la double référence culturelle et fait cohabiter Orient et Occident. En tentant de faire lien avec l’Autre, son compatriote, Sénac marie les idiomes, mimant l’étreinte amoureuse : la langue arabe gagne peu à peu l’écriture en langue française, lui donne ce supplément d’étrangeté. The works of Jean Sénac tak...

  3. Gravity or turbulence? -III. Evidence of pure thermal Jeans fragmentation at ~0.1 pc scales

    CERN Document Server

    Palau, Aina; Vazquez-Semadeni, Enrique; Sanchez-Monge, Alvaro; Estalella, Robert; Fall, S Michael; Zapata, Luis A; Camacho, Vianey; Gomez, Laura; Naranjo-Romero, Raul; Busquet, Gemma; Fontani, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    We combine previously published interferometric and single-dish data of relatively nearby massive dense cores that are actively forming stars to test whether their `fragmentation level' is controlled by turbulent or thermal support. We find no clear correlation between the fragmentation level and velocity dispersion, nor between the observed number of fragments and the number of fragments expected when the gravitationally unstable mass is calculated including various prescriptions for `turbulent support'. On the other hand, the best correlations are found for the case of pure thermal Jeans fragmentation, for which we infer a core formation efficiency in the range 12-34%, consistent with previous works. We conclude that the dominant factor determining the fragmentation level of star-forming massive dense cores seems to be thermal Jeans fragmentation.

  4. Reflections on Jean Delisle's "l'initiation a la traduction economique" (1988

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Magdalena Vila Barbosa

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The publication of L’analyse du discours comme méthode de traduction (Jean Delisle, 1980 marked the introduction of the concept of didactic objectives as well as the elaboration of detailed programs in the translation training. Delisle’s work is a compulsory reference in every research in the field of translation training. This paper deals with one of Delisle’s methodological proposal in economic translation teaching. Inspired by his own experience as a professor and translator, Delisle presents a method divided in five objectives which facilitate theoretical und practical knowledge learning and assimilation required to translate economic texts. One of the most outstanding contributions in translation training is the adoption of learning objectives and the search for an active didactic methodology (Hurtado: 1999. In this way, Jean Delisle opened the way to build the foundations of translations didactics

  5. Quelques aspects de la spiritualité conjugale selon Jean-Marie Lustiger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryszard Biernat

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In his pastoral teaching Jean-Marie Lustiger repeatedly explores the subject of marital spirituality. His teaching emerged as a response to young people’s difficulty in understanding the nature of marriage as a result of being immersed in the mentality of the world. In this article the author explores two important aspects of Cardinal Lustiger’s teaching on the spirituality of marriage: marriage is presented as a vocation and there is an emphasis on the correct understanding of marital love. In the context of the decline of religious practices in Western Europe, the article contains some of Jean-Marie Lustiger’s thoughts on the sacrament of marriage as well as his role in contributing to a deeper understanding of matrimony.

  6. Jean-Michel Hostal:基于客户需求创建品牌

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶文东

    2009-01-01

    @@ Jean-Michel Hostal认为,中国企业必须了解投资品牌建设的必要性.企业必须展示自己品牌的不同之处,不应该"复制"别人的品牌,要有创意,要有自己独特的个性和品牌认证,给客户惊喜. 午后的阳光从窗户斜射进屋内,Jean-MichelHostal脱下外套,白衬衫被涂上一层融融的暖意.眼镜片后面一双亮闪闪的眼睛,在他说话的时候一直含着笑意.这个快乐老头性格如他的穿衣一般随和、平易.

  7. 2006 USGS/NPS/NASA Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL): Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A first surface/bare earth elevation map (also known as a Digital Elevation Model, or DEM) of the Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve in Louisiana was...

  8. Note de lecture à la Chronique bibliographique : Jean-François Boudet, Fiches de finances publiques

    OpenAIRE

    Bin, Fabrice

    2016-01-01

    Ouvrage étudié : Jean-François Boudet, Fiches de finances publiques. Finances publiques de l’Etat * Finances locales * Finances sociales * Finances européennes, Paris Ellipses, 2e éd., 2015, 597 pages

  9. 2006 USGS/NPS/NASA Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL): Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — A first surface/bare earth elevation map (also known as a Digital Elevation Model, or DEM) of the Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve in Louisiana was...

  10. Two Schemes of Intellectual Development: A Comparison of Development as Defined by William Perry and Jean Piaget.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Bruce; And Others

    1986-01-01

    A comparison of the theories of Jean Piaget and William Perry (using individual interviews with college students) shows that the two theories outline different and independent processes for assessing intellectual development. (JN)

  11. Two Schemes of Intellectual Development: A Comparison of Development as Defined by William Perry and Jean Piaget.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Bruce; And Others

    1986-01-01

    A comparison of the theories of Jean Piaget and William Perry (using individual interviews with college students) shows that the two theories outline different and independent processes for assessing intellectual development. (JN)

  12. A New Method to Directly Measure the Jeans Scale of the Intergalactic Medium Using Close Quasar Pairs

    CERN Document Server

    Rorai, Alberto; White, Martin

    2013-01-01

    Although the baryons in the intergalactic medium (IGM) trace dark matter on Mpc scales, small-scale (~100 kpc) fluctuations are suppressed by pressure support, analogous to the classical Jeans argument. This Jeans filtering scale has fundamental cosmological implications: it provides a thermal record of heat injected by UV photons during reionization events, determines the clumpiness of the IGM, and sets the minimum mass scale for gravitational collapse, a key quantity in galaxy formation. Unfortunately, it is extremely challenging to measure via the standard analysis of purely longitudinal Lyman-alpha forest spectra, because the thermal Doppler broadening of absorption lines is highly degenerate with Jeans pressure smoothing. In this work we show that the Jeans scale can be directly measured by characterizing the coherence of correlated Lyman-alpha absorption in quasar pairs with separations small enough to resolve it. We present a novel technique for this purpose, based on the probability distribution funct...

  13. PENDIDIKAN ‘BACK TO NATURE’: PEMIKIRAN JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU TENTANG PENDIDIKAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Putu Ayub Darmawan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan pendidikan diwarnai dengan lahirnya berbagai pandangan yang melandasi pelaksanaan pendidikan. Salah satu tokoh yang mewarnai perkembangan pendidikan adalah Jean Jacques Rousseau. Karyanya yang terkenal adalah Social Contrack dan buku emile. Dalam bukunya, emile, Rousseau menuangkan pemikirannya tentang pendidikan yang kembali kepada alam dalam buku tersebut. Pandangan Rousseau tentang pendidikan diuraikan berdasarkan kelompok umur dan menekankan pada pendidikan yang kembali kepada alam.

  14. Understanding the concept of «advertising» in sociology Jean Baudrillard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Sogorin

    2015-09-01

    It is proved that the «system of things» of Jean Baudrillard points out that the power of advertising is based on the belief in her from a mass consumers.. The root of this belief - the so-called «infantile bestowing function», which creates a sense of mythic human involvement, which is in this context belongs to a social nature.

  15. The pursuit of being in the life and thought of Jean-Paul Sartre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atwood, G E

    1983-01-01

    This paper has examined the relationship between the life and the thought of Jean-Paul Sartre. The central themes of Sartre's personal existence are shown to revolve around a struggle for self-definition and self-formation, rooted in the empathic failures of significant others during his formative years. It is argued that Sartre's experience of this struggle is mirrored and symbolized by the dialectic of being and nothingness which constitutes the central preoccupation of his philosophy.

  16. Procedimientos de humor en Théâtre sans animaux de Jean-Michel Ribes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montserrat Cots Vicente

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to examine the role of humour in Théâtre sans animaux. Our approach is to define two forms of humour which play on the effects of incoherence: the unusual and the absurd. We then examine these two forms of humour and the effects which they produce in Jean-Michel Ribes’s text. We show the specificity of the humor of Ribes which articulates the unusual with the absurd.

  17. Jean Falcon (1491-1541), a great surgeon and anatomist of the 16th century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsoucalas, Gregory; Karamanou, Marianna; Piagkou, Maria; Skandalakis, Panagiotis; Androutsos, George

    2013-01-01

    Jean Falcon, an Aragon native, became a famous surgeon at the Faculty of Montpellier. He was a Royal physician, wealthy enough to live a luxurious life and treat influential patients. His lectures were legendary, and his works gave him fame among the surgeons' class. Of all his manuscripts stands the "Guidon", which became an anatomical surgeons' handbook, worthy of reference from the scientific community for centuries.

  18. Profiles of international archives: Les archives Jean Piaget, University of Geneva, Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burman, Jeremy Trevelyan

    2013-05-01

    This research report provides a look behind closed doors at the Jean Piaget Archives in Geneva, Switzerland. It situates the potential visitor, contextualizes the Archives in its own history, and then describes what scholars can expect to find. New details about Piaget's views on Equal Rights and Equal Pay are also provided, including a look at how they affected the women who worked his factory (esp. Bärbel Inhelder). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

  19. Jean Piaget's experiences on the couch: some clues to a mystery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schepeler, E M

    1993-04-01

    This paper is an attempt to reconstruct the historical, institutional, and personal circumstances leading to and surrounding Jean Piaget's psychoanalysis with Sabina Spielrein. It appears that the young Piaget's interest in psychoanalysis largely emanated from his long-standing problems with his mother. It is suggested that Piaget's lifelong tendency to intellectualise his own emotional experiences may relate to the near omission of affective factors in his psychological theories.

  20. Avdekning og tilsløring: Dionysius Areopagitens symboltenkning og Jean-Luc Marions ettermoderne kunstfilosofi

    OpenAIRE

    Kristiansen, Ståle Johannes

    2014-01-01

    This study addresses the relation between the sixth century Christian author, Dionysius the Areopagite, and the French postmodern philosopher, Jean-Luc Marion (1946- ). The importance of the Dionysian writings (Corpus Areopagiticum) for Marion’s development of a new phenomenology of «saturation» and «givenness» is well known. Still the Dionysian key tone of his philosophy of art in The Crossing of the Visible is largely overlooked by scholars. This dissertation tries to demonstrate that the i...

  1. A Case for Rhetorical Method: Criticism, Theory, and the Exchange of Jean Baudrillard

    OpenAIRE

    Gogan, Brian James

    2011-01-01

    This dissertation uses the case of Jean Baudrillard to argue that successful critics must consider rhetorical method as it relates to theory. Throughout this dissertation, I follow Edwin Black in using the term rhetorical method to describe the procedures a rhetor uses to guide composition. The project's two main goals are, first, to demonstrate how rhetorical method can serve as a foundation for worthwhile criticism, and, second, to outline a Baudrillardian rhetoric. In order to meet these g...

  2. The Omnivorous Science: Jean and John Comaroff on the Politics of Anthropology, Capitalism and Contemporary States

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Fernando Angosto Ferrández

    2012-01-01

    Few social scientists reach the status of contemporary classics. Jean and John Comaroff are among those who could be included in that category. Their current work is indeed on the crest of the wave of social analysis, but at least since the 1980s it has been followed, debated and also challenged within the field of anthropology. Beyond this disciplinary area, their work has resonated and continues to resonate in the spheres of sociology, politics and legal studies, in a clear demonstra...

  3. Birth distribution in cystic fibrosis in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean, Quebec, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daigneault, J; Aubin, G; Simard, F; De Braekeleer, M

    1991-09-01

    Although a seasonal trend in the birth distribution has been reported in cystic fibrosis (CF), this finding is still very controversial. The birth distribution of 113 patients with cystic fibrosis born in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (complete ascertainment) was analysed using two different statistical methods. Our results showed no monthly or seasonal birth variation. It is likely that a bias owing to incomplete ascertainment might explain why some previous studies found a seasonal trend in the birth distribution of cystic fibrosis.

  4. 加尔文宗教改革的特点%Les réformes religieuses de Jean Calvin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程新宇

    2003-01-01

    La réussite brillante et l'irfluence profonde de Jean Calvin sont étroitement liées à ses réformes religleuses. Darts le présent article, l'auteur a analysé les diverses caractéristiques des réformes de Jean Calvin vis à vis de la religion et des conséquences objectives dans le développement de l'economie capitallste.

  5. L’acte incendiaire, son sujet et sa signification : propositions à partir du Saint Genet de Jean-Paul Sartre

    OpenAIRE

    Englebert, Jérôme

    2015-01-01

    Objectives In this paper we studied fire setters with the hermeneutics’ method from the philosophy of Jean-Paul Sartre. In the psychobiography of Jean Genet, the philosopher raises issues of the infractional acting and its social meaning. Methods After recalling the basic notions of international literature about fire setters (including confusion with pyromania, diagnostic problems proposed by the DSM IV and the concept of "communicative arson"), we propose phenomenological and exis...

  6. Meeting with Jean-Yves Le Meur, author of "Faux Pas"

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    A CERN engineer and an accomplished sportsman, Jean-Yves Le Meur (IT Department) has recently published his first book "Faux pas". Meet him and hear about his exceptional life on 23 April 2008 in the Globe. An accident cost him his legs when he was young, and it was sheer force of character and a passion for the mountains that carried Jean-Yves Le Meur, with one artificial leg and crutches to stay upright, to the very summit of the Mont-Blanc. In his book, Jean-Yves, a computer engineer at CERN, recounts with detachment his personal battle to win back his life and make this impossible ascent. "Faux Pas" depicts a series of encounters and people, and recreates the extreme emotions of a man who reconstructed his life and pushed himself beyond his limits. It is a moving personal account, whose message is universal. The question-and-answer session with the author will be preceded by the projection of "4810M, CAHIN-CAHA",...

  7. Correlated Random Systems Five Different Methods : CIRM Jean-Morlet Chair

    CERN Document Server

    Kistler, Nicola

    2015-01-01

    This volume presents five different methods recently developed to tackle the large scale behavior of highly correlated random systems, such as spin glasses, random polymers, local times and loop soups and random matrices. These methods, presented in a series of lectures delivered within the Jean-Morlet initiative (Spring 2013), play a fundamental role in the current development of probability theory and statistical mechanics. The lectures were: Random Polymers by E. Bolthausen, Spontaneous Replica Symmetry Breaking and Interpolation Methods by F. Guerra, Derrida's Random Energy Models by N. Kistler, Isomorphism Theorems by J. Rosen and Spectral Properties of Wigner Matrices by B. Schlein. This book is the first in a co-edition between the Jean-Morlet Chair at CIRM and the Springer Lecture Notes in Mathematics which aims to collect together courses and lectures on cutting-edge subjects given during the term of the Jean-Morlet Chair, as well as new material produced in its wake. It is targeted at researchers, i...

  8. Dynamical signatures of infall around galaxy clusters: a generalized Jeans equation

    CERN Document Server

    Falco, Martina; Wojtak, Radoslaw; Hansen, Steen H; Gottlöber, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    We study the internal kinematics of galaxy clusters in the region beyond the sphere of virialization. Galaxies around a virialized cluster are infalling towards the cluster center with a non-zero mean radial velocity. We develop a new formalism for describing the dynamical state of clusters, by generalizing the standard Jeans formalism with the inclusion of the peculiar infall motions of galaxies and the Hubble expansion as well as the contributions due to background cosmology. Using empirical fits to the radial profiles of density, mean radial velocity and velocity anisotropy of both a stacked cluster-mass halo and two isolated halos of a cosmological dark matter only simulation, we verify that our generalized Jeans equation correctly predicts the radial velocity dispersion out to 4 virial radii. We find that the radial velocity dispersion inferred from the standard Jeans equation is accurate up to 2 virial radii, but overestimated by \\approx 20% for the stacked halo and by \\approx 40% for the isolated halos...

  9. Monsieur Jean-Noël Guerini, Senator, Chairman of the Bouches-du-Rhône General Council

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2003-01-01

    Monsieur Jean-Noël Guerini, Senator and Chairman of the Bouches-du-Rhône General Council visited CERN on 21 March 2003.Photo 01: Handshake between Monsieur Jean-Noël Guerini and CERN Director-General Luciano Maiani at the signing of the CERN VIP Visitors' book. Left to right: Prof. Cecilia Jarlskog, Member State relations; Prof. Claude Détraz, Director for fixed target and future programmes; Prof. Jean-Jacques Aubert, Director, French national institute for nuclear and particle physics (IN2P3), French Delegate to CERN; Prof. Luciano Maiani, CERN Director-General; Monsieur Jean-Noël Guerini; and Prof. Elie Aslanides, Director, centre for particle physics, Marseille (CPPM).Photo 02: Monsieur Jean-Noël Guerini signs the CERN VIP Visitors' book. Left to right: Prof. Cecilia Jarlskog, Member State relations; Prof. Claude Détraz, Director for fixed target and future programmes; Prof. Jean-Jacques Aubert, Director, French national institute for nuclear and particle physics (IN2P3), French Delegate to CERN; Pr...

  10. Abismos do reconhecimento: o legado sociofilosófico de Jean-Jacques Rousseau = Abysses of recognition: the sociophilosophical legacy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    OpenAIRE

    Honneth, Axel

    2013-01-01

    O texto se ocupa com a questão da interpretação da obra de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, em particular com suas referências sobre a dependência constitutiva em relação aos outros. Vista negativamente na crítica da cultura, mas positivamente nos esboços de um contrato social, o lugar dessa dependência constitutiva da confirmação e estima por parte dos outros está vinculada ao significado dado ao “amor próprio” nos diferentes textos; mas ela abre a possibilidade de interpretar Rousseau como um teórico...

  11. 探索Jean-Charles de Castelbajac的波普艺术魅力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱蕙琳; 刘晓刚

    2011-01-01

    @@ 一、背景介绍 走在时尚世界风头浪尖的设计大师Jean-Charles deCastelbajac令人惊叹的想象力和具有孩童气息的创造能力让他的每一个作品都蕴含着别具一格的特色.如果说同样来自法国的Jean-Paul Gaultier是时装界的坏孩子,那么Jean-Charles deCastelbajac则无疑是时装界的Andy Warhol,他是一位具有典型法兰西式激情的设计师,享受于创造一种雅俗共赏的浮华的波普艺术,他的作品大都富有人文关怀的气息,以幽默诙谐的时尚语汇和丰富绚烂的色彩著称,他的设计的独特之处不仅仅在于将时尚作为传播社会文化、社会以及个人精神的载体,更值得注意的是,这个被称为"现代的传统主义者"的时尚顽童所创造的一系列作品,皆代表着前卫、创新但却不脱离整个社会大众的认知与审美的传统风格.

  12. Romantic Novel “Jean Sbogar” by Charles Nodier in Dostoevsky’s Creative Reception

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yakubova R. H.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The problem of the impact of traditions of romantic literature on Dostoevsky’s novel “The Idiot” is examined in the article. The author points out that the attitude of Russian novelist towards the phenomena of the outgoing culture was essentially devoid of dogmatism: the very approach to different cultural trends and styles was always notable for amazing flexibility and diversity. A novel by Charles Nodier, “Jean Sbogar”, is considered as one of the precedent texts. Its motivic repertoire is reproduced in full in the novel by F. Dostoevsky. A comparison of the protagonist of the French novel, Jean Sbogar, which is depicted in two masks, with the main characters of the novel “The Idiot” Prince Myshkin and Rogozhin, suggests that, starting from a given source, Dostoevsky developed Nodier’s art idea. Russian writer abandoned the principle of a split personality in favor of representation of two heroes that are fighting and, at the same time, there is a mystical connection between them. Comparison between Myshkin and angel-like Lothario and between Rogozhin and the rogue Jean Sbogar once again confirms the idea that in Dostoevsky’s novel there is an introduction of high philosophical symbolism in realism: “splitting” a romantic image sends a thoughtful reader to the Gospel legend about Christ and the robber. Thus, reading of the images of "The Idiot" through the prism of romantic novels of Charles Nodier detects correlation not only between the plot of the novel and literary tradition, but also between the plot and the Christian symbolism. Someone else's text not only becomes Dostoevsky’s material for improvisation, but also serves as a secret pointer to the reader and reconstructs his cultural memory.

  13. [Jean Hachette, pharmacist of Maison royale de Santé, complementary biography].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trépardoux, F

    2001-01-01

    Until 1814, Jean Hachette (1775-1840) practised as a military pharmacist and then as a hospital pharmacist in Paris. For him both professional and personal aspects of his life were affected by his fondness for gambling. His son, Louis (1800-1860), famous businessman and publisher, tempted to introduce him again to the authorities as military pharmacist in 1830 when he had to resign after a dispute with professeur Duméril (1774-1860). So, Hachette ended his career at the military hospital of Longwy. These facts are attested by archives documents.

  14. Limiares: Histoire(s du cinéma de Jean-Luc Godard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henri Gervaiseau

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo apresentamos a série videográfica Histoire(s du cinéma, de Jean Luc Godard, apontamos as suas principais características, e efetuamos um primeiro exame da ordenação dos seus dois primeiros episódios. Discutimos de que modo Godard estabelece, nesta obra, uma trama poética de relações entre a história do século XX; a história do cinema e a sua própria estória enquanto sujeito enunciador.

  15. Teoria do cuidado transpessoal de jean watson no cuidado domiciliar de enfermagem a crianca: uma reflexao

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Meireles Gomes

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um ensaio reflexivo sobre o potencial de utilização da Teoria do Cuidado Transpessoal de Jean Watson, na realização do cuidado domiciliar de enfermagem direcionado à criança, desenvolvido à luz dos 10 elementos do Processo Clinical Caritas. Este referencial teórico permite desenvolver a transpessoalidade no cuidado domiciliar da criança, momento em que o enfermeiro precisa desenvolver autoconhecimento, ter suporte teórico-filosófico e valer-se deste conhecimento, a fim de ultrapassar o paradigma da objetividade e do biologicismo.

  16. A Phenomenology of Vision: the Self-Portraits of Jean-Étienne Liotard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Williams, Hannah

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay analyses the self-portraits of Jean-Étienne Liotard (1702-1789. Interpreting these objects through the lens of Maurice-Merleau-Ponty's writings on art and vision, I argue that Liotard's self-portraits can be understood as artistic experiments relating to the fundamental phenomenological problem of seeing and representing the lived-body. In making this argument this essay re-evaluates the art-historical tendency to read Liotard's self-portraits biographically as pictures of his unusual life or as tools of self-promotion.

  17. Jean Luc Nancy and the community: trascendence and immanence, ecstasy and death

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Straehle Porras

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The community is one of the recurring themes of political philosophy today, especially by streams as communitarianism. Jean Luc Nancy has problematized this notion and tried to free it from any trace of what might be a thought or identity politics. The community is not the affirmation of a being of us but the breakdown of any form of essentialism which entails the need to recognize the role of otherness and difference. Hence, linking the community to a finitude that relates to concepts such as death, “clinamen”, transcendence and especially the absence of Oeuvre

  18. [Jean-Jacques Lefrère: A miscarried ambition for blood safety in francophone Africa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tayou Tagny, C; Laperche, S; Murphy, E

    2016-02-01

    The announcement of the death of Professor Jean-Jacques Lefrère caused considerable emotion and surprise within the francophone Africa blood transfusion research network. The group was created in 2007 in Paris. Each member that works within this group wanted to pay their last respects through dedicated publication for a brilliant researcher and writer. The tribute describes the creation of the group, its goals, its operations, its achievements and the prospects of its activities while emphasizing the essential role that Professor Lefrère played within the group.

  19. A comparison between John Dewey's theory of inquiry and Jean Piaget's genetic analysis of intelligence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seltzer, E

    1977-06-01

    This article compares John Dewey's theory of inquiry with Jean Piaget's analysis of the mechanisms implied in the increase of knowledge. The sources for this paper are Dewey's studies on logic and the theory of inquiry and Piaget's historical-critical and psychogenetic investigations. Three major conclusions result from the comparison: first, there are significant convergences between the two theories; second, Piaget's developmental analysis makes explicit what is programmatic in Dewey's investigations; and, finally, Piaget is incorrect in characterizing Dewey's pragmatism as a method that does not meet the criteria of intelligent activity.

  20. Jean-Pierre Pages: construction of a constructivist paradigm of risk perceptions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pages, J.P. [Association pour l' Etude des Structures de l' Ipinion, 75 - Paris (France); Poumadere, M. [GRID-Ecole Normale Superieur de Cachan, 94 (France)

    1998-07-01

    This paper is the transcription of an interview after the granting of the Society for Risk Analysis-Europe Distinguished Scientist Award: Jean-Pierre Pages. This scientist has set a very high standard for opinion research among the nuclear establishment in France. This interview is closing the conference on risk analysis, which took place in Paris in 11-14 october 1999. This interview treats with the goal and the contribution of a questionnaire survey, concerning the ''acceptable risks of nuclear energy''. Cost benefit analysis, the public opinion and information, the risks assessment impact on decision makers are discussed. (A.L.B.)

  1. JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU: TREZENTOS ANOS DE UM CAMINHANTE SOLITÁRIO

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    O Conselho Editorial da Revista Educação & Filosofia tem a enorme satisfação de apresentar aos leitores deste periódico o dossiê Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Esse dossiê foi pensado como atividade comemorativa ao terceiro centenário de nascimento de Rousseau (1712-1778). Filósofo, romancista, músico, Rousseau, em suas obras, margeou diversos assuntos. Com profundidade singular, refletiu proficuamente sobre política, educação, religião, música, ética, constituindo-se num dos principais filósofos da ...

  2. Predikanten in ballingschap. De carrièrekansen van Jean en Isaac Claude in de Republiek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David van der Linden

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available After the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, over 400 Huguenot ministers made their way to the Dutch Republic in search of a new pulpit. They stood a good chance, because the Huguenot exodus resulted in a corresponding demand for French preachers, while Dutch authorities offered financial support. Yet a surplus of ministers also meant fierce competition over positions. The careers of Jean and Isaac Claude show that on this highly competitive market Huguenot ministers succeeded in gaining a position in the Dutch Republic by virtue of their reputation, networks, and religious and political ideas.

  3. Investigando Jean Piaget : a epistemologia genética e o apriorismo

    OpenAIRE

    Rizzon, Gisele

    2009-01-01

    O presente estudo constitui-se na Dissertação de Mestrado apresentada ao Programa de Pós-Graduação da Universidade de Caxias do Sul, pertencente à linha de pesquisa Educação, Epistemologia e Linguagem, e ancora-se nos pressupostos teóricos e conceituais da Epistemologia Genética. Essa teoria, criada pelo pensador suíço Jean Piaget, com o fim investigativo de entender os processos cognitivos, mais especificamente, no que se direciona a revelar a gênese do conhecimento. O intuito principal do e...

  4. Seduction and the vicissitudes of translation: the work of Jean Laplanche.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fletcher, John

    2007-10-01

    This paper aims to analyze Jean Laplanche's revision of Freudian metapsychology, which emerged from a critical return to Freud's officially abandoned seduction theory of 1895-1897. Where Freud gradually replaced the model of traumatic seduction with a theory of infantile sexuality and its drives, Laplanche articulates both trauma and sexual drive in a new theory of primal seduction, the fundamental anthropological situation in which human subjectivity is formed. The author concludes by considering Laplanche's modeling of the psychoanalytic situation and his reformulation of transference in relation to mourning and sublimation within the framework of the general theory of seduction.

  5. [Jean-Louis-Paul Denucé (1824-1889): A forgotten pioneer of plastic surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marck, K W; Martin, D

    2016-02-01

    The authors propose to define as main characterization of plastic reconstructive surgery the conceptual thinking that leads to a rational choice of an operative treatment. Conceptual thinking in plastic surgery started halfway the nineteenth century with the first schematic representations of the operative procedures available at that time, in which Von Ammon and Baumgarten, Szymanowski and Denucé played a prominent role. These four authors and their works are presented with special attention for the less known of them, Jean-Paul Denucé, surgeon in Bordeaux.

  6. Jean Luc Nancy and the community: trascendence and immanence, ecstasy and death

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edgar Straehle Porras

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The community is one of the recurring themes of political philosophy today, especially by streams as communitarianism. Jean Luc Nancy has problematized this notion and tried to free it from any trace of what might be a thought or identity politics. The community is not the affirmation of a being of us but the breakdown of any form of essentialism which entails the need to recognize the role of otherness and difference. Hence, linking the community to a finitude that relates to concepts such as death, “clinamen”, transcendence and especially the absence of Oeuvre

  7. Learning from a leader: an interview with Jean L. Bolognia, MD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolognia, Jean L; Bronfenbrener, Roman

    2014-08-01

    Jean L. Bolognia, MD, fulfills an important role in educating dermatologists in all phases of their careers. The textbook Dermatology, for which she served as senior editor, is highly regarded as a comprehensive work covering the breadth of our field with outstanding illustrations, tables, and schematics that facilitate understanding for our visually geared specialty. When Dr. Bolognia visited the State University of New York at Stony Brook to speak at our Grand Rounds, I took the opportunity to glean valuable insights about the book as well as pearls for dermatology residents from an accomplished academic clinician.

  8. Jeans instability of inhomogeneous dusty plasma with polarization force, ionization and recombination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Shweta; Sharma, Prerana; Chhajlani, R. K.

    2017-05-01

    The self-gravitational Jeans instability has been studied in dusty plasma containing significant background of neutral pressure and recombination of ions and electrons on the dust surface. The full dynamics of charged dust grains, ions and neutral species are employed considering the electrons as Maxwellian. We have derived the general dispersion relation for collisional dusty plasma with ionization, recombination and polarization force. The general dispersion relation describes the effects of considered parameters which are solved in different dusty plasma situations. Further, the dispersion relation is solved numerically. The present work is applicable to understand the structure formation of interstellar molecular clouds in astrophysical plasma.

  9. Fertility in couples heterozygous for the tyrosinemia gene in Saguenay Lac-St-Jean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Braekeleer, M; Lamarre, V; Scriver, C R; Larochelle, J; Bouchard, G

    1990-01-01

    A case-control study of 84 couples from Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean, jointly heterozygous for the tyrosinemia gene, was done to determine whether the birth of an homozygous child affected their fertility rates. The mean number of children born to tyrosinemia and control couples between 1940 and 1986 was not different (p greater than 0.05). The knowledge that tyrosinemia was an autosomal recessive disorder, with risk of recurrence in these families, did not appear to modify reproductive behaviour. Fertility fell significantly in both the tyrosinemia and control families in the period of observation. This change reflects the decline in fertility of French Canadians in general during this period.

  10. Jean Baptiste Paulin Trolard (1842-1910): his life and contributions to neuroanatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loukas, Marios; Shea, Misha; Shea, Cory; Lutter-Hoppenheim, Martine; Zand, Paula; Tubbs, R Shane; Cohen-Gadol, Aaron A

    2010-06-01

    One hundred years after his death, Jean Baptiste Paulin Trolard's name endures in the medical literature primarily because of his work on the anastomotic veins of the cerebral circulation. Specifically, and known to all neurosurgeons, the great anastomotic vein, or the vein of Trolard, underscores a portion of Trolard's contribution to neuroanatomy. The country of Algeria has also remembered this influential colonist because of his life's work as a physician, professor, humanitarian, environmentalist, and French nationalist. Trolard fought deforestation, injustice, epidemics, and bureaucracy in northern Africa and tragically died in the midst of these struggles. In this historical vignette, the authors review the life and contributions of this pioneer of early neuroanatomy.

  11. Violencia y resentimiento. Jean Améry o el humanismo inflexible

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández López, José Antonio

    2006-01-01

    Jean Améry destaca como una figura realmente singular dentro del conjunto de supervivientes de la Shoá que han legado sus testimonios de la catástrofe. Ejemplifica, a través de su propia persona y su escritura, un ethos inflexible de humanismo militante. Su obra está tocada por la memoria y la denuncia, la reflexión y el compromiso, desde un distanciamiento que mantendrá como rasgo propio inalterable. La peculiaridad de Améry puede expresarse como la proble...

  12. THE WORLD OF MEANING, THE MEANING OF THE WORLD: From Bahamut to Jean-Luc Nancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Floriani Petry

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes to consider the beginning of meaning through a mutual comparison between the philosophy of Jean Luc-Nancy and the ramifications and implications of considering the triad   “thing, meaning, significance” in the light of set theory deriving numerical mathematics. An attempt to deconstruct the search for the source is intended to facilitate further reading of the idea and constructions of meaning, analyzing cosmogenic myths among both Tupinambás as in Jorge Luis Borges, and Bahamut.

  13. Review of the Luca Aloi's work Ontologia e dramma: Gabriel Marcel e Jean-Paul Sartre a confronto

    OpenAIRE

    Claudinei Aparecido de Freitas da Silva

    2016-01-01

    O texto resenha a obra de Luca Aloi, Ontologia e dramma: Gabriel Marcel e Jean-Paul Sartre a confronto, com prefácio de Franco Riva, Milano: Albo Versorio, 2014. O livro que conta com 175 páginas traz, para o primeiro plano, o cenário acerca da produção dramatúrgico-filosófica de Gabriel Marcel e Jean-Paul Sartre no contexto da tradição fenomenológico-existencial. This text makes a review of theLuca Aloi's work Ontologia e dramma:Gabriel Marcel e Jean-Paul Sartre a confronto, prefaced by F...

  14. El relato de la experiencia depresiva: Aplicando los factores cuidativos de Jean Watson The expression of the depressive experience: the application of Jean Watson caring factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carme Ferré-Grau

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available La elevada frecuencia de personas con trastornos depresivos en todos los niveles de atención y la complejidad de los cuidados, conlleva la necesidad, para la enfermera, de desarrollar nuevas habilidades y competencias en el abordaje integral de los pacientes y su familia. Para la comprensión de una persona con depresión es útil una mirada etnográfica que nos permita conocer la expresión subjetiva de la vivencia de la enfermedad. Un marco adecuado de referencia para ayudar en el cuidado de estos procesos es la teoría de Jean Watson sobre la Filosofía y Ciencia de los Cuidados Humanos, que a través de sus diez factores cuidativos enmarca el rol de la enfermera en "cómo tener cuidado de...". Este artículo trata de analizar, a través de los factores cuidativos de Watson, las vivencias subjetivas relacionadas con la transformación del cuerpo y la mente de las personas con depresión: el sufrimiento y el dolor, la autoimagen y el reconocimiento, la falta de energía, la pérdida de la esperanza. Se concluye que no es posible controlar el cuerpo sin controlar la mente y para ello nos puede ayudar el análisis subjetivo de la experiencia y la aplicación de los factores cuidativos.The high frequency of people with depressive disorders in Primary Health Care as well as in Hospital and the complexity of care, carry for nurses the need to develop new skills and competences to deal with complete care of patiens and families. To understand a person suffering depressive disorders may be useful an ethnographic look that let us know the subjective expression of the experience of being ill. An appropriate framework to help care is Jean Watson’s Philosophy and Science of Human Caring, trough 10 caring factors that frame the nursing role "to take care of…". This paper tries to analyze the subjective experience related to body and mind changes: suffering and pain, self-image and acceptance, lack of energy, loss of hope… in patients with

  15. The Geography of Jean Rhys: The Impact of National Identity upon the Exiled Female Author

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Philp

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Critical considerations of Jean Rhys’ texts are often intent on geopolitically ‘placing’ the female author. Feeling exiled from her birth country of Dominica and her resident country of England, Rhys felt as if she ‘had no country really now’ (Rhys 1984, 172. National identity seems to have impact upon both public and private practices of Rhys’ authorship. A lack of national identity implies that Rhys is placeless; a concept which is further problematised when considered under Virginia Woolf’s arguments in A Room of One’s Own (1929. If Rhys does not have country, how can she have a private space from which to write? For an exiled female author, private space is an issue pertinent to studies of her authorship. Through the frameworks of A Room of One’s Own and Hélène Cixous’ concept of ‘country in language’, this article demonstrates that Jean Rhys may use her writing practice as an imagined place in which to search for home. For the exiled female author, the textualisation of place and her identity as ‘author’ is an alternative dwelling space.

  16. Inhibiting angiogenesis: interview with Dr Jean Plouët. Interview by Emma Quigley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plouët, Jean

    2006-08-01

    Dr Jean Plouët (Centre de Recherche Cardiovasculaire, INSERM U 689/Institut des Vaisseaux et du Sang) was interviewed by Emma Quigley (Commissioning Editor, Expert Opinion) on 20th June 2006. Born in Brittany, France, Dr Jean Plouët received his MD degree from Nantes University in 1977 and his PhD in Molecular Biology from Paris VII University in 1981. His first research topic, under the supervision of Dr Courtois and Dr Barritault was devoted to the purification and the description of the mechanisms of action of eye-derived growth factor, which turned out to be the retinal fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2. He was appointed as Charge de Recherche by the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in 1981. He later conducted his research on the effect of FGF-2 on light transduction and demonstrated the role of opsin phosphorylation on FGF-2 release from retinal discs in Dr Pouliquen's laboratory. From 1987 to 1989, Dr Plouët worked in the Cancer Research Institute at the University of California, San Francisco, in Dr Gospodarowicz's laboratory where he co-discovered vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) with Dr Napoleone Ferrara. He established his own group in Toulouse where he worked on the mechanisms of action of VEGF and vascular targeting by anti-idiotypoc antibodies against VEGF and FGF. In 2005, Dr Plouët moved to Paris where he now works mainly on endogenous inhibitors of angiogenesis acting downstream of VEGF.

  17. Public Lecture | Making the most of your presentation | By Jean-Luc Doumont | 26 June

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    Making the most of your presentation, by Dr. Jean-Luc Doumont (Principiae).   Thursday 26 June 2014 from 14:30 to 16:30 at CERN (4-3-006 - TH Conference Room) Want to participate? Apply here. Strong presentation skills are a key to success for engineers and scientists, yet many of these do not exploit their potential to reach the audience. Systematic as they can be in their work, they go at it intuitively, with much good will but with results that could be much better. In this talk, Dr. Doumont proposes a systematic way to prepare and deliver an oral presentation: he covers structure, slides, and delivery, as well as stage fright. An engineer (Louvain) and PhD in applied physics (Stanford), Dr. Jean-Luc Doumont is acclaimed worldwide for his no-nonsense approach, his highly applicable, often life-changing recommendations on a wide range of topics, and Trees, maps, and theorems, his book about “effective communication for rational minds”. He had his first rese...

  18. Assistência em Enfermagem e Jean Watson: Uma reflexão sobre a empatia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberta Maria Savieto

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Objetivo: Relacionar a empatia com a Teoria do Cuidado Humano, de Jean Watson, no contexto atual da Enfermagem. Métodos: Trata-se de um ensaio teórico-reflexivo que propõe uma discussão acerca da empatia e sua relação com a Teoria do Cuidado Humano, de Jean Watson, na prática contemporânea da Enfermagem. Resultado: É apresentado o processo Clinical Caritas e cada elemento de cuidado que o compõe visando propor e discutir as conexões com a empatia na assistência em Enfermagem. Torna-se imperioso aliar aspectos técnicos e humanísticos na oferta do cuidado de Enfermagem, além de resgatar a valorização da abordagem da empatia na formação de profissionais da saúde, bem como na continuidade dos estudos após a graduação. Conclusão: Entende-se que essa reflexão pode contribuir para a reorganização de ideias e conceitos sobre aprimoramentos essenciais que se mostram necessários à prática atual da Enfermagem, além de reforçar seu crescimento enquanto ciência.

  19. La teoría botánica de Jean Ruel (Ruellius, 1474-1537

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valderas, José María

    1989-06-01

    Full Text Available Following the task undertaken in our last study on the use of botanical terms in the works of Albertus Magnus, the present one is devoted 10 re-examine in the same way the botanical theories of Jean Ruel, or Ruellius (1474-1537. Ruellius has been neglected and misjudged - with a bit of superficiality, maybe as a result of an insufficient knowledge of his work- by later historical and scientific criticism, but he stands as the first author of an original (even with a hint of an empiric approach, as we shall see treatise of Renaissance's Botany.

    Siguiendo la tarea emprendida en nuestro último estudio sobre el uso de los términos botánicos en la obra de San Alberto, este trabajo está dedicado a reexaminar de la misma manera las teorías botánicas de Jean Ruel, o Ruellius (1474-1537. Ruellius ha sido olvidado y pobremente juzgado -acaso con alguna ligereza, fruto de un conocimiento insuficiente de su obra- por la crítica posterior, pero sigue siendo el autor del primer tratado original (incluso con asomos de empirismo en su exposición de Botánica del Renacimiento.

  20. Décès - Jean-Pierre Maître - French version only

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    C'est avec une grande consternation que nous avons appris le décès de notre collègue et ami Jean-Pierre Maître, âgé de 54 ans, suite à une grave maladie. Jean-Pierre était un fidèle collaborateur de la section Maintenance-machines-outils depuis 1994 comme responsable d'équipe d'intervention. Dynamique et aimable, il était reconnu pour ses compétences et son professionnalisme. Mais, plus encore, son sourire et sa disponibilité faisait de lui un collègue unanimement apprécié. Il laisse un grand vide et va nous manquer à tous. Nous nous associons au deuil de sa famille et de tous ses amis, avec une pensée particulière pour son épouse, ses enfants et petits-enfants. Ses collègues dans la peine

  1. Exploring Cosmic Voids with GALEX: Stellar Populations and Primordial Jeans Mass Objects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregg, Michael

    This proposed research program will revolutionize the study of cosmic voids and their inhabitant galaxy populations. By combining archival GALEX photometry with SDSS data for thousands of galaxies in hundreds of voids, we will be able to characterize voids, void galaxies, and the formation and evolution of galaxies in the lowest density environments of the Universe. In addition, we propose to use the joint GALEX-SDSS database to search in several of the nearest cosmic voids for the original building blocks of galaxy formation: surviving Jeans mass primordial objects which formed right after recombination during the earliest stages of structure formation in the Universe. Our program will first characterize known void galaxies in the UV using the extensive GALEX NUV and FUV imaging archives. Adding GALEX UV photometry to SDSS optical enables estimating star formation rates and also separating stars from unresolved galaxies. Based on this effort, we will look for trends in galaxy properties with location within a void and with global void properties such as size and underdensity. We are particularly interested in identifying and characterizing the early type galaxy population in voids. While most void galaxies are blue, there do exist ellipticals in voids; comparison with ellipticals in denser regions will inform elliptical galaxy models in new ways, and teach us about the oldest and earliest stages of galaxy formation in voids. Early type galaxies are easy to miss in void redshift surveys, even with the comprehensive nature of SDSS, because most have relied on emission line searches or infrared excess. Our approach is fundamentally different, using an enhanced GALEX UV-optical selection technique which we have developed specifically for this work. A search for early type objects is necessary to fully understand void galaxy populations. In parallel, we will use our UV-optical selection technique to search for primordial Jeans mass sized objects in the nearest voids

  2. Ontologia e drama: Gabriel Marcel e Jean-Paul Sartre em tête-à-tête

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudinei Aparecido de Freitas da Silva

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available O texto resenha a obra de Luca Aloi, Ontologia e dramma: Gabriel Marcel e Jean-Paul Sartre a confronto, com prefácio de Franco Riva, Milano: Albo Versorio, 2014. O livro que conta com 175 páginas traz, para o primeiro plano, o cenário acerca da produção dramatúrgico-filosófica de Gabriel Marcel e Jean-Paul Sartre no contexto da tradição fenomenológico-existencial.

  3. A Comparison of Workers Employed in Hazardous Jobs in Terms of Job Satisfaction, Perceived Job Risk and Stress: Turkish Jean Sandblasting Workers, Dock Workers, Factory Workers and Miners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunal, Ayda Buyuksahin; Sunal, Onur; Yasin, Fatma

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to compare job satisfaction, perception of job risk, stress symptoms and vulnerability to stress of miners, dock workers, jean sandblasting workers and factory workers. A job satisfaction scale and stress audit scale were applied to 220 workers. Results revealed that dock and jean sandblasting workers perceived their…

  4. A Comparison of Workers Employed in Hazardous Jobs in Terms of Job Satisfaction, Perceived Job Risk and Stress: Turkish Jean Sandblasting Workers, Dock Workers, Factory Workers and Miners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunal, Ayda Buyuksahin; Sunal, Onur; Yasin, Fatma

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to compare job satisfaction, perception of job risk, stress symptoms and vulnerability to stress of miners, dock workers, jean sandblasting workers and factory workers. A job satisfaction scale and stress audit scale were applied to 220 workers. Results revealed that dock and jean sandblasting workers perceived their…

  5. Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Adult Education and Revolution. Paradigma of Radical, Pedagogical Thought. 2nd Revised Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dame, Frederick William

    This book explores Jean-Jacques Rousseau's educational philosophy, as expressed in his key works, and applies that philosophy to adult education and revolution. The titles and topics of the book's seven chapters are as follows: (1) "L'Invitation: Raison d'Etre" (prelude, statement, significance, the process, assumptions and limitations);…

  6. The Function of the Medieval in Jean-Jacques Rousseau's Nouvelle Heloise : A Rereading of the Abelard and Heloise Motif

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Montoya, Alicia C.

    2010-01-01

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau's critical rewriting in his Nouvelle H,lo

  7. Naked, Deformed, Violated Body. A Montage in the Histoire(s) du cinema of Jean-Luc Godard

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Alberto Brodesco

    2013-01-01

    The article analyses Histoire(s) du cinéma (1988-1998), a cinematic essay by Jean-Luc Godard, and in particular it focuses on the controversial montage in which the French director aligns extracts from a pornographic film, Tod...

  8. Richard Avedon's "In the American West" and Jean-Paul Sartre: An Existential Approach to Art and Value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubiel, Richard M.

    1989-01-01

    Examines Richard Avedon's photographic exhibit "In the American West" both as a work of art and as an important link to contemporary philosophical thought, particularly that of Jean-Paul Sartre, through its depiction of the human condition. Notes that the exhibit used as a teaching resource engages students in questions concerning art…

  9. Richard Avedon's "In the American West" and Jean-Paul Sartre: An Existential Approach to Art and Value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubiel, Richard M.

    1989-01-01

    Examines Richard Avedon's photographic exhibit "In the American West" both as a work of art and as an important link to contemporary philosophical thought, particularly that of Jean-Paul Sartre, through its depiction of the human condition. Notes that the exhibit used as a teaching resource engages students in questions concerning art and value.…

  10. The importance of hydraulic groundwater theory in catchment hydrology: The legacy of Wilfried Brutsaert and Jean-Yves Parlange

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Troch, P.A.A.; Berne, A.D.; Harman, C.; Hilberts, A.G.J.; Lyon, S.W.; Paniconi, C.; Pauwels, V.R.N.; Rupp, D.E.; Selker, J.S.; Teuling, A.J.; Uijlenhoet, R.; Verhoest, N.E.C.

    2013-01-01

    Based on a literature overview, this paper summarizes the impact and legacy of the contributions of Wilfried Brutsaert and Jean-Yves Parlange (Cornell University) with respect to the current state-of-the-art understanding in hydraulic groundwater theory. Forming the basis of many applications in cat

  11. From Paris to Lyon, and from simple to complex liquids: a view on Jean-Pierre Hansen's contribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrat, Jean-Louis; Biben, Thierry; Bocquet, Lydéric

    2015-09-01

    We present a short perspective on some of the contributions made by Jean-Pierre Hansen to our theoretical understanding of soft matter static structure and dynamics, using the tools developed for simple liquids within the rigorous framework of statistical physics.

  12. Psychology and Schooling: The Impact of Susan Isaacs and Jean Piaget on 1960s Science Education Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Jody S.

    2000-01-01

    Focuses on the tensions between two psychological frameworks in the negotiation of teaching practices, curriculum, and ideas about what constitutes childhood: (1) the theories of Jean Piaget focused on behavior at different developmental stages; or (2) the Susan Isaacs research that took a general view of children's intellectual capabilities. (CMK)

  13. Elementary Teachers' Application of Jean Piaget's Theories of Cognitive Development during Social Studies Curriculum Debates in Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinde, Elizabeth R.; Perry, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    In this article we explore educators' use of Jean Piaget's theories concerning cognitive development to refute proposed social studies standards in Arizona. We describe the work of Piaget as well as the National Association for the Education of Young Children's developmentally appropriate practices as they apply to primary-grade children's…

  14. The importance of hydraulic groundwater theory in catchment hydrology: The legacy of Wilfried Brutsaert adn Jean-Yves Parlange

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Troch, P.A.; Berne, A.; Bogaart, P.W.; Harman, C.; Hilberts, A.G.J.; Lyon, S.W.; Paniconi, C.; Pauwels, V.R.N.; Rupp, D.E.; Selker, J.S.; Teuling, A.J.; Uijlenhoet, R.; Verhoest, N.E.C.

    2013-01-01

    Based on a literature overview, this paper summarizes the impact and legacy of the contributions of Wilfried Brutsaert and Jean-Yves Parlange (Cornell University) with respect to the current state-of-the-art understanding in hydraulic groundwater theory. Forming the basis of many applications in cat

  15. The importance of hydraulic groundwater theory in catchment hydrology: The legacy of Wilfried Brutsaert adn Jean-Yves Parlange

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Troch, P.A.; Berne, A.; Bogaart, P.W.; Harman, C.; Hilberts, A.G.J.; Lyon, S.W.; Paniconi, C.; Pauwels, V.R.N.; Rupp, D.E.; Selker, J.S.; Teuling, A.J.; Uijlenhoet, R.; Verhoest, N.E.C.

    2013-01-01

    Based on a literature overview, this paper summarizes the impact and legacy of the contributions of Wilfried Brutsaert and Jean-Yves Parlange (Cornell University) with respect to the current state-of-the-art understanding in hydraulic groundwater theory. Forming the basis of many applications in cat

  16. Richard Avedon's "In the American West" and Jean-Paul Sartre: An Existential Approach to Art and Value.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dubiel, Richard M.

    1989-01-01

    Examines Richard Avedon's photographic exhibit "In the American West" both as a work of art and as an important link to contemporary philosophical thought, particularly that of Jean-Paul Sartre, through its depiction of the human condition. Notes that the exhibit used as a teaching resource engages students in questions concerning art…

  17. The Influence of Their Notions of Humanism on the Drama of Jean-Paul Sartre and Bertolt Brecht.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zivanovic, Judith

    The distinctive philosophies of Bertolt Brecht and Jean-Paul Sartre concerning man's existence directly influence their attitudes toward character, action, and the total drama. Both playwrights reveal that drama is an inseparable and reciprocal molding of content and form. The relationship between their ideas and their expressions of them is so…

  18. Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Adult Education and Revolution. Paradigma of Radical, Pedagogical Thought. 2nd Revised Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dame, Frederick William

    This book explores Jean-Jacques Rousseau's educational philosophy, as expressed in his key works, and applies that philosophy to adult education and revolution. The titles and topics of the book's seven chapters are as follows: (1) "L'Invitation: Raison d'Etre" (prelude, statement, significance, the process, assumptions and limitations);…

  19. Elementary Teachers' Application of Jean Piaget's Theories of Cognitive Development during Social Studies Curriculum Debates in Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinde, Elizabeth R.; Perry, Nancy

    2007-01-01

    In this article we explore educators' use of Jean Piaget's theories concerning cognitive development to refute proposed social studies standards in Arizona. We describe the work of Piaget as well as the National Association for the Education of Young Children's developmentally appropriate practices as they apply to primary-grade children's…

  20. Psychology and Schooling: The Impact of Susan Isaacs and Jean Piaget on 1960s Science Education Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Jody S.

    2000-01-01

    Focuses on the tensions between two psychological frameworks in the negotiation of teaching practices, curriculum, and ideas about what constitutes childhood: (1) the theories of Jean Piaget focused on behavior at different developmental stages; or (2) the Susan Isaacs research that took a general view of children's intellectual capabilities. (CMK)

  1. [Review of the book An Introduction to Polynomial and Semi-Algebraic Optimization, Jean-Bernard Lasserre, 2015

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Klerk, Etienne

    2016-01-01

    It is no exaggeration to say that Jean-Bernard Lasserre has revolutionized the field of polynomial global optimization in the last 15 years. He was awarded the Lagrange Prize for the first, seminal paper (Lasserre, 2001) where his new semidefinite programming-based approach was introduced, and most

  2. Model for common growth of supermassive black holes, bulges and globular star clusters: Ripping off Jeans clusters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nieuwenhuizen, T.M.

    2012-01-01

    It is assumed that a galaxy starts as a dark halo of a few million Jeans clusters (JCs), each of which consists of nearly a trillion micro brown dwarfs, MACHOs of Earth mass. JCs in the galaxy center heat up their MACHOs by tidal forces, which makes them expand, so that coagulation and star formatio

  3. Model for common growth of supermassive black holes, bulges and globular star clusters: Ripping off Jeans clusters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nieuwenhuizen, T.M.

    2012-01-01

    It is assumed that a galaxy starts as a dark halo of a few million Jeans clusters (JCs), each of which consists of nearly a trillion micro brown dwarfs, MACHOs of Earth mass. JCs in the galaxy center heat up their MACHOs by tidal forces, which makes them expand, so that coagulation and star formatio

  4. Jean-Jacques Rousseau on Adult Education and Revolution. Paradigma of Radical, Pedagogical Thought. 2nd Revised Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dame, Frederick William

    This book explores Jean-Jacques Rousseau's educational philosophy, as expressed in his key works, and applies that philosophy to adult education and revolution. The titles and topics of the book's seven chapters are as follows: (1) "L'Invitation: Raison d'Etre" (prelude, statement, significance, the process, assumptions and limitations); (2) "Le…

  5. Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Sharatchandra Chattopadhyay on Love and Sex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narasingha P. Sil

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The Bengali novelist Sharatchandra Chattopadhyay (1876-1938 of colonial India and the French philosophe of Enlightenment Europe Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778 stand poles apart from each other—temporally, territorially, and culturally. Although Sharatchandra is reputed to have been familiar with a number of romantic writers of England, he does not seem to be acquainted with any literati of Europe, especially of Enlightenment France. Nevertheless, as this article contends, the Bengali writer’s attitude to human sensuality and sentiment or, more precisely, to love, sex, and marriage, betrays an interesting similarity to that of the French author. An upshot of this comparatist exercise is that we gain a fresh outlook on both men’s views on human condition that blurs, as it were, the distinction between modern European and modernizing and Westernizing colonial Indian mentalité.

  6. The practice of nurses caring for families of pediatric inpatients in light of Jean Watson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maiara Rodrigues dos Santos

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective To know the facilities and the difficulties of nurses in caring practice of hospitalized children’s families in the light of Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring. Method It was used the descriptive qualitative approach. The data collection was conducted in three stages: presentation of theoretical content; engagement with families in the light of Watson’s theory; and semi-structured interview with 12 pediatric nurses. The interviews were analysed using inductive thematic analysis, being possible to form three themes: Recognizing a framework for care; Considering the institutional context; and Challenges in family’s relationship. Results The theory favored reflections about self, about the institutions and about nurses’ relationship with the family of the child, normalized by a consciousness toward caring attitudes. Conclusion In this process, it is imperative that nurses recognize the philosophical-theoretical foundations of care to attend the child’s family in hospital.

  7. Jean-Jacques Rousseau's copy of Albrecht von Haller's Historia stirpium indigenarum Helvetiae inchoata (1768).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, A

    2003-04-01

    Jean-Jacques Rousseau sold his botanical texts to Daniel Malthus (father of Thomas Malthus) about 1775. Two of these are now in the Old Library, Jesus College, Cambridge, but all the rest have long been thought lost. However, a copy of Albrecht von Haller's Historia stirpium indigenarum Helvetiae inchoata (1768) in the Lindley Library, Royal Horticultural Society, London, bears Rousseau's name and seems to have been annotated by him. The volume contains the bookplate of Jane Dalton, a cousin to whom Malthus willed "all[his] Botanical Books in which the name of Rousseau is written". Haller was well-known to Rousseau, who while in exile in the Swiss Jura (1763-1765), studied under one of Haller's collaborators, Abraham Gagnebin. Rousseau cited Haller's entry 762 when describing a species of Seseli to the Duchess of Portland.

  8. A Study of Displacement in Jean Rhys’ Novel Wide Sargasso Sea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inna Malissa bte Che Jamal

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Wide Sargasso Sea, by Jean Rhys, is a novel filled with tragedy; two characters in conflict meet in circumstances not in their best interests but rather for other people. This novel is an illustration of the mad woman in the novel Jane Eyre, by Charlotte Bronte, as the story of her life before madness is told in the novel Wide Sargasso Sea. This study attempts to elucidate reasons for the feelings of displacement that the Western husband faces during his stay in the Caribbean, and also to discover to what extent the situation contribute to the oppression faced by Antoinette and imposed on her by her Western husband. There are many concepts amongst the theory of post-colonialism, e.g. otherness, hybridity, and (double alienation. This research’s approach differs slightly from some previous research that has been done on this novel, as it focuses on the husband of Antoinette as the victim.

  9. Jean-Paul Marat (1743-1793, cientista e tradutor de Newton

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tosi Lucía

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Although Jean Paul Marat (1743-1793 is known as a political activist and as a founder of the controversial journal L'Ami du Peuple during the French Revolution, an important period of his life was spent as a medical practionner, and as a scientist. In 1765 he went to England, where he remained for eleven years mostly dedicated to medical practice and publications on that subject and on political and moral questions. Returning to France in 1776 he iniciated his researches on fire, electricity and light, that lasted practically until the French Revolution. In 1787 he published a translation of Newton's Opticks. In this article we describe in some detail his medical and scientific practice giving particular emphasis to his experiments on optics and to his theory about colors which strongly departs from newtonian theory, fully accepted by the French scientific community of the time.

  10. Isabelle Sommier et Jean Brugié, Officier et communiste dans les guerres coloniales

    OpenAIRE

    Ruscio, Alain

    2009-01-01

    Isabelle Sommier, historienne, politologue, a croisé il y a quelques années le chemin de Jean Brugié. Il en résulte un livre empli de chaleur humaine, d’intérêt historique et… d’interrogations politiques. Officier et communiste dans les guerres coloniales : c’est le titre, très descriptif, de l’ouvrage que les deux auteurs, l’historienne et l’ancien officier, signent. En 1944-1945, la France, libérée de l’occupation nazie, pense à son avenir. Selon les options politiques de base, chaque école...

  11. Jean-Pierre Poulain, Sociologie de l’obésité

    OpenAIRE

    Séguy, Laure

    2015-01-01

    L'ambition du présent ouvrage est de formuler la question de l'obésité du point de vue des sciences sociales. Il ne se réduit pas à la recherche de réponses à des hypothèses formulées par l'épidémiologie, mais se donne pour objectif de re-problématiser la question de l'obésité d'un point de vue sociologique et anthropologique. Les dimensions sociales de la question sont donc investies dans une triple perspective ; il s'agit pour Jean-Pierre Poulain de proposer une sociologie de l'obésité, une...

  12. Jean-Pierre Devillers, La toile blanche d’Edward Hopper

    OpenAIRE

    Courant, Stéphane

    2013-01-01

    Alors que s’est tenu au Grand Palais d’octobre 2012 au 3 février dernier une rétrospective de l’artiste américain d’Eward Hopper (1882-1967), les éditions Arte permettent à ceux et celles qui l’ont manquée de se rattraper par le biais d’un documentaire de Jean-Pierre Devillers. La Toile Blanche d’Edward Hopper offre, dans une première partie d’un peu moins d’une heure, un regard critique sur la vie et l’œuvre d’Hopper, et propose en complément le témoignage de Win Wenders sur l’influence du p...

  13. Jean-Martin Charcot, father of modern neurology: an homage 120 years after his death

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marleide da Mota Gomes

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Martin Charcot was a pioneer in a variety of subjects, including nervous system diseases; anatomy; physiology; pathology; and diseases of ageing, joints, and lungs. His medical achievements were mainly based on his anatomopathological proficiency, his observation, and his personal thoroughness that favored the delineation of the nosology of the main neurological diseases, including multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, peroneal muscular atrophy, and hysteria/epilepsy. The link of this anatomoclinical method with iconographic representations and theatrical lessons, and the rich bibliographical documentations, carried out in a crowded diseased people barn - Salpetrière hospital were the basis of his achievements, which are still discussed 120 years after his death.

  14. The Hawthorne experiments and the introduction of Jean Piaget in American industrial psychology, 1929-1932.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsueh, Yeh

    2002-05-01

    The Hawthorne interview program between 1929 and 1932 was one of the most significant industrial studies in the United States. The Hawthorne researchers applied Jean Piaget's clinical method in their extensive interviews with tens of thousands of workers. Chiefly responsible for the program's methodology was Elton Mayo, an Australian who saw interviewing as a means to promote social cooperation. Previous discussions of the Hawthorne experiments have ignored the influence of Piaget in the social sciences. This article provides an account of Mayo's and the Hawthorne researchers' efforts to fuse Piaget's innovation with burgeoning American industrial psychology. The endeavor was not an isolated event but rather drew on the theories and practice of Janet-Piaget psychology, on the support of the Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial Foundation, and on the discourse among social scientists about Piaget's work.

  15. Movement and Time in the Nexus between Technological Modes with Jean Tinguely’s Kineticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina Chau

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses auto-destructive artworks by Jean Tinguely, Homage to New York (1960 and Study for an End of the World No. 2 (1962, to explore a changing consciousness of time in a period of technological transition from modern industrial machines towards the domestication of televisual devices. One effect of these is works is a contribution to a turbulent consciousness of time by orchestrating new perceptions of temporality with mechanical and tele-communicational media. Tinguely’s kineticism is useful for articulating how different technologies can be used to rationalize time in different ways and highlight an incompatibility between the expression of time as an unfolding duration with mechanical media, and the temporal demands of televisual broadcast media.

  16. [Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893): a physician with multiple facets].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lellouch, Alain

    2013-12-01

    This work is registered in the year (2013) commemorating the 120 years since Jean-Martin Charcot's (1825-1893) death. Presently, the event takes place during 2013, in France, in Paris, at Hôpital de la Salpêtrière where Charcot practiced as medical chief of l'Hospice de la Vieillesse-Femmes, from 1862 until he died in 1893. The aim of the research is to show, from various examples and sources (printed and handwritten: fonds d'archives Charcot de la Salpêtrière) how talented Charcot was as a clinician, pathologist and microscopist, researcher and experimenter, teacher, artist, designer, cartoonist, polyglot and traveller), how varied his medical career was and how innovative his scientific method was. All this permitted Charcot to make an impressive number of medical discoveries in various fields which are today known as geriatrics and rheumatology, internal medicine, cardiology, neurology, psychiatry and paranormal processes.

  17. Le monde du travail chez Jean-Luc Outers : Le travailleur belge : un tatou !

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Verónica Ferraz De Sousa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In the novels by Belgian Francophone Jean-Luc Outers, working world has found a productive ground. Indeed, there are plenty professions from politician to researcher, including public administration clerk. Though writer’s work is emphasized, Outers’ novels focus on the absurd administration context, as well as the relation between work and body, space and time. It is with an ironic and tender glance, in an interrogative style which leads to reflection, with poetry, often surreal or fantastic images, but above all with a special humour, comfortable, but mainly with absurd or burlesque, sometimes incisive approach, which causes intelligent laughter, that the author presents us this abstract and asepticised bureaucratic society of ours, where human beings try to survive despite nonsense.

  18. The poetic nature of non-religious Spirituality: A point of view by Jean Paul Sartre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Villas Boas

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This article proposes to examine some theories of non-religious spirituality in light of the growing phenomenon of those individuals who declared themselves as having "no religion" by Brazilian religious census conducted in 2010 by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE. The intention here is to identify how the poetic question presents itself as the fundamental element of these proposals about spirituality for authors, since beauty is part of the spiritual quest, as in: Viktor Frankl and existential religiosity grounded in the search for meaning in life; Marià Corbí and his non-religious or secular spirituality; Robert Solomon and his spirituality for skeptics, and André Comte-Sponville and his atheistic spirituality, or spirituality without God. From there, we then present the perception of spirituality in the poetry of the thought of Jean Paul Sartre, primarily in his work “what is Literature?”

  19. A singular viagem do fotógrafo Jean Laurent a Portugal, em 1869

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuno Araújo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Jean Laurent, a French photographer established in Madrid, reproduced works of art from major collections in Spain, and undertook an extensive survey of views of places and works of architecture in this country. In late winter and spring of 1869, he visited Portugal, where he photographed the royal family and extended his survey to the entire Iberian Peninsula. He travelled the country mostly by train with his small laboratory car, which he unloaded at each location of his itinerary, to sensitize and develop the images obtained with the wet collodion process. He was probably the first photographer to explore the potential of the railway, recently built in the Iberian Peninsula. His collection of images can be regarded as the most significant among those produced by photographers who globally depicted the Peninsula during the 19th century.

  20. Jean-Joseph Rabearivelo, Œuvres complètes, Tome II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magali Nirina Marson

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Le tome II des Œuvres complètes de Jean-Joseph Rabearivelo marque l’aboutissement d’une dense aventure éditoriale. Tout, dans celle-ci et dans ce volume, réceptacle qui abrite désormais le destin de la trace documentaire laissée par le poète, nous ramène à la définition derridienne de l’héritage, « tâche ». Nous tenterons de montrer comment le travail de deuil que constitue et auquel appelle cet ouvrage, permet la « sur-vie » de l’œuvre, de la démarche visionnaire de J.-J. R ; et se fait archive particulière, arche d’alliance ouverte sur l’à venir.

  1. Griselda Gambaro, Michel de Ghelderode y Jean Genet: reescrituras de la angustia

    OpenAIRE

    Morales Benito, Lidia

    2010-01-01

    En este artículo se analiza la tensión dramática de las obras de Griselda Gambaro, ese modo de expresión que no se puede encuadrar en el movimiento del absurdo ni en el de la crueldad, pero que tiene un poco de ambos y se reconoce también en el escritor francés Jean Genet y, anteriormente, en el dramaturgo belga Michel de Ghelderode. La angustia, tanto política como existencial, migra a través de las épocas y de las distintas geografías. Por lo tanto, Argentina, Francia y Bélgica no son más q...

  2. Geometry, analysis and probability in honor of Jean-Michel Bismut

    CERN Document Server

    Hofer, Helmut; Labourie, François; Jan, Yves; Ma, Xiaonan; Zhang, Weiping

    2017-01-01

    This volume presents original research articles and extended surveys related to the mathematical interest and work of Jean-Michel Bismut. His outstanding contributions to probability theory and global analysis on manifolds have had a profound impact on several branches of mathematics in the areas of control theory, mathematical physics and arithmetic geometry. Contributions by: K. Behrend N. Bergeron S. K. Donaldson J. Dubédat B. Duplantier G. Faltings E. Getzler G. Kings R. Mazzeo J. Millson C. Moeglin W. Müller R. Rhodes D. Rössler S. Sheffield A. Teleman G. Tian K-I. Yoshikawa H. Weiss W. Werner The collection is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers in these fields.

  3. Seca Jean-Marie, Dir., Musiques populaires underground et représentations du politique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Régis Malige

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Mondialisées, urbanisées et massifiées, les sociétés postmodernes veulent com­prendre le sens des mutations permanentes qu’elles rencontrent. Dans le contexte ano­mique du moment, les musiques populaires underground, d’inspiration anglaise et américaine (jazz, punk, rap, techno, metal, rock…, proposent des éléments de réponse et développent un système de représentations questionnant l’action publique. L’ouvrage, coordonné par Jean-Marie Seca et auquel ont collaboré une bonne quin­zaine de ch...

  4. Weighing the Galactic disk using the Jeans equation: lessons from simulations

    CERN Document Server

    Candlish, G N; Bidin, C Moni; Gibson, B K

    2015-01-01

    Using three-dimensional stellar kinematic data from simulated galaxies, we examine the efficacy of a Jeans equation analysis in reconstructing the total disk surface density, including the dark matter, at the "Solar" radius. Our simulation dataset includes galaxies formed in a cosmological context using state-of-the-art high resolution cosmological zoom simulations, and other idealised models. The cosmologically formed galaxies have been demonstrated to lie on many of the observed scaling relations for late-type spirals, and thus offer an interesting surrogate for real galaxies with the obvious advantage that all the kinematical data are known perfectly. We show that the vertical velocity dispersion is typically the dominant kinematic quantity in the analysis, and that the traditional method of using only the vertical force is reasonably effective at low heights above the disk plane. At higher heights the inclusion of the radial force becomes increasingly important. We also show that the method is sensitive t...

  5. Direction-dependent Jeans instability in an anisotropic Bianchi type I space-time

    CERN Document Server

    Dulaney, Timothy R

    2008-01-01

    We derive the metric for a Bianchi type I space-time with energy density that is dominated by that of a perfect fluid with equation of state $p=w\\rho$ and whose anisotropy is seeded by a fixed norm spacelike vector field. We solve for the evolution of perturbations about this space-time. In particular, the Jeans instability in an expanding flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker universe is modified by the presence of the vector field so that energy density perturbations develop direction-dependent growth. We also briefly consider observational limits on the vector field vacuum expectation value, $m$. We find that, if $m$ is constant during recombination and thereafter, $m \\lesssim 10^{14} GeV$.

  6. Infant mortality in myotonic dystrophy in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean: a historical perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dao, T N; Mathieu, J; Bouchard, J P; De Braekeleer, M

    1993-01-01

    Infant mortality among children born to 373 individuals with myotonic dystrophy (MD) who lived in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean during the period 1838 to the present time was analyzed using a case-control approach based on a population register. A statistically significant increase was found in the rate of deaths during the first week of life among children born to MD mothers (57.5%) compared to control mothers (34.8%) and MD fathers (39.1%) (p < 0.01). The stillbirth rate was not increased. The rate of mortality after the first week fell significantly in both MD and control groups during the period of observation. There was evidence of a slight selective disadvantage among this MD population.

  7. Autosomal recessive disorders in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (Quebec, Canada): a study of inbreeding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Braekeleer, M; Gauthier, S

    1996-01-01

    Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ) is a geographically isolated region of northeastern Quebec in which several autosomal recessive disorders have a high incidence. We calculated the inbreeding coefficients of 567 probands and compared them to 1701 matched control individuals. The mean inbreeding coefficient of the group containing all 567 probands was 2.73 times higher than that of the controls (0.001772 versus 0.00065). Thirteen percent (75/567) of the probands were inbred, but only 5% were born to matings between spouses related as second-degree cousins or closer. No marriage between uncle and niece and only two marriages between first-degree cousins were identified in the disorder group. These results strongly suggest that the high incidence of the autosomal recessive disorders in SLSJ is the result of a founder effect.

  8. Population genetics of hereditary hemochromatosis in Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (Quebec, Canada).

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Braekeleer, M; Vigneault, A; Simard, H

    1992-01-01

    Hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) is an autosomal recessive disorder that has a high prevalence in Caucasian populations. Based on HLA typing in 18 families, the gene frequency was estimated 0.12. The homozygote frequency was 0.014 and the heterozygote frequency was 0.21 in Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ), a geographically isolated region of northeastern Quebec. The genealogical reconstruction showed that 15 of the 57 obligate carriers of the HH gene could be traced back to a unique ancestor in the 18th century. The mean coefficients of inbreeding and kinship were 17 and 15 times, respectively, higher in the HH group than in three control groups. The values of both coefficients were much higher than those found in other HH populations and in most of the other recessive disorders prevalent in SLSJ.

  9. Genetic epidemiology of cystic fibrosis in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (Quebec, Canada).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daigneault, J; Aubin, G; Simard, F; De Braekeleer, M

    1991-10-01

    Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal recessive disorder with a prevalence at birth estimated at 1/2000-1/2500 livebirths in Caucasian populations. Some 127 CF individuals are known in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (SLSJ), a geographically isolated region of Quebec. The prevalence at birth was estimated at 1/902 live borns, and the carrier rate was estimated at 1/15 inhabitants in the SLSJ region. The mean inbreeding coefficient was only slightly elevated in the CF group compared with three control groups, and was due to remote consanguinity. The mean kinship coefficient was 2.4 times higher in the CF group than in the control groups. In SLSJ region, the places of origin of the CF individuals and their parents did not show a clustered nonuniform distribution. Endogamy was not higher in the CF group than in control groups.

  10. Aesthetics of Being: The Unfinished Memoirs of Virginia Woolf and Jean Rhys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Moran

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay reads the unfinished memoirs of Virginia Woolf and Jean Rhys through the lens of relational psychoanalysis, particularly that of Christopher Bollas. Building upon the latter's theorisation of a maternal aesthetic based on her handling of the infant, what Bollas terms the mother's "idiom of care", the essay traces both positive and negative registers of such an aesthetic. Both memoirs open with self-identified "first memories", and both go on to connect the act of writing with these first memories. Woolf's memoir foregrounds moments of containment in a uterine, preoedipal surround, "colour-and-sound" experiences shattered by the mother's sudden death: Woolf goes on to characterise her writing as a practice that allows her to rebuild the shattered world. Rhys, by contrast, connects her writing to experiences of disharmony, alienation, and estrangement, an aesthetic she traces back to her mother's insistence on a surface conformity, at odds with the daughter's inner turmoil.

  11. Jean-Claude Sergeant : L’anglais du journalisme : comprendre et traduire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grégoire LACAZE

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available L’ouvrage de Jean-Claude Sergeant, paru chez Ophrys début 2011, aborde un sujet qui est souvent étudié par les étudiants de Licence mais pour lesquels peu d’ouvrages à visée pédagogique ont été écrits. L’on sait que la langue employée dans les énoncés de discours journalistique est très sensible aux évolutions de la société. Les articles de presse qui constituent le corpus d’étude retenu dans cet ouvrage présentent l’avantage d’être tout à fait contemporains, ce qui donne au lecteur une visio...

  12. Le baptistère Saint-Jean du Puy-en-Velay (Haute-Loire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Bénédicte Mérel-Brandenburg

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Le projet collectif de recherche sur le baptistère Saint-Jean, groupe cathédral du Puy-en-Velay, initié en 2004 à l’instar du service régional de l’Archéologie (PCR DRAC Auvergne s’achève et la publication est en cours de préparation. Il a eu pour problématique générale de déterminer la datation des différentes phases de construction, la fonction initiale et la place du monument au sein du groupe cathédral. II a été réalisé par une équipe d’une vingtaine de spécialistes, en collaboration étr...

  13. THINKING ART, POETRY AND LITERATURE OF PERSPECTIVE BY JEAN-LUC NANCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Oleriano Monteiro Filho

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Luc Nancy, one of the most influential philosophers of today, is part of a group to some extent antagonistic. Marked by Heidegger's phenomenology, for a certain Hegelianism and the grounds of literary criticism of Maurice Blanchot, Nancy is coming from philosophers like Derrida and Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe. He teaches philosophy at the Faculty of Philosophy, Science of Language and Communication at the University of Strasbourg. Author of several works, his thoughts are evoked by quotations from scholarly works in many different areas. In this study, without attempting to exhaust the subject, we will discuss art, poetry and literature in light of the thought of Nancy, also featuring, when needed, the help of other established names.

  14. [Jean-Jacques Rosseau the vitalist. The moralization of medical hygiene between diet and ethical food].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menin, Marco

    2012-01-01

    The historiographical prejudice that sees in Jean-Jacques Rousseau an implacable opponent of scientific knowledge has long prevented an objective evaluation of the important influence that medical thought exerted over his philosophy. The aim of this paper is to show not only Rousseau's familiarity with the most important expressions of eighteenth-century medical literature, but also his willingness to incorporate some medical suggestions in his philosophical and literary production. In the first part of this article, I try to show how Rousseau's sensibility theory presupposes precise medical ideals, related to Montpellier School of vitalism. In the second part, I stress how Rousseau's philosophy of alimentation (which has clear anthropological and political implications) can be regarded as a genuine application of an ambition typical of vitalism: to use medical hygiene, also and above all, for moral purpose.

  15. A NEW METHOD TO DIRECTLY MEASURE THE JEANS SCALE OF THE INTERGALACTIC MEDIUM USING CLOSE QUASAR PAIRS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rorai, Alberto; Hennawi, Joseph F. [Max-Planck-Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); White, Martin [Department of Astronomy, University of California at Berkeley, 601 Campbell Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States)

    2013-10-01

    Although the baryons in the intergalactic medium (IGM) trace dark matter fluctuations on megaparsec scales, on smaller scales ∼100 kpc, fluctuations are suppressed because the finite temperature gas is pressure supported against gravity, analogous to the classical Jeans argument. This Jeans filtering scale, which quantifies the small-scale structure of the IGM, has fundamental cosmological implications. First, it provides a thermal record of heat injected by ultraviolet photons during cosmic reionization events, and thus constrains the thermal and reionization history of the universe. Second, the Jeans scale determines the clumpiness of the IGM, a critical ingredient in models of cosmic reionization. Third, it sets the minimum mass scale for gravitational collapse from the IGM, and hence plays a pivotal role in galaxy formation. Unfortunately, it is extremely challenging to measure the Jeans scale via the standard technique of analyzing purely longitudinal Lyα forest spectra, because the thermal Doppler broadening of absorption lines along the line-of-sight, is highly degenerate with Jeans smoothing. In this work, we show that the Jeans filtering scale can be directly measured by characterizing the coherence of correlated Lyα forest absorption in close quasar pairs, with separations small enough ∼100 kpc to resolve it. We present a novel technique for this purpose, based on the probability density function (PDF) of phase angle differences of homologous longitudinal Fourier modes in close quasar pair spectra. A Bayesian formalism is introduced based on the phase angle PDF, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo techniques are used to characterize the precision of a hypothetical Jeans scale measurement, and explore degeneracies with other thermal parameters governing the IGM. A semi-analytical model of the Lyα forest is used to generate a large grid (500) of thermal models from a dark matter only simulation. Our full parameter study indicates that a realistic sample of

  16. Ibn Arabi et Jean de la Croix deux poètes mystiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr Azouz Ali Ahmed

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Frappée du sceau de l’universel, l’expérience mystique ne cesse de soulever des interrogations à la fois sur ses fondements (ses assises théoriques, spirituelles et culturelles et sur les différentes voies qui lui permettent de s’inscrire dans l’ordre des choses comme un phénomène social inéluctable soutenu par des penseurs, des artistes, des femmes et des hommes de Lettres exceptionnels. Dans notre article, nous nous intéressons à deux grandes figures du mysticisme : Ibn Arabi (560/1165 - 638/1240 et Jean de la Croix (1542/1591. A la lumière d’une étude stylistique à visée comparative de deux de leurs compositions poétiques, que nous situons dans une plus large perspective (historico-sociale, nous montrons comment le même désir (concept sur lequel un détour lacanien s’impose de Dieu s’exprime, Chez Ibn Arabi, par le moyen d’une écriture de l’entre-deux qui se singularise par un enchevêtrement structuré des dimensions philosophique et littéraire. Tout comme chez Jean de la Croix, par une écriture poétique d’un lyrisme qui, avec une rare subtilité, entretient une forme d’équivocité constitutive du discours exprimant l’amour divin avec le langage de l’amour profane.

  17. Birth of modern psychiatry and the death of alienism: the legacy of Jean-Martin Charcot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogousslavsky, Julien; Moulin, Thierry

    2011-01-01

    At the time of Jean-Martin Charcot, Paris--the main center for studies on the nervous system and its disorders--was home to critical exchanges between the developing discipline of neurology and psychiatry. Contrary to the commonly held view, and in spite of an established tradition concerning mental diseases, emerging neurology had a much stronger influence on psychiatry ('alienism') than the reverse. This was largely due to the school built up by Jean-Martin Charcot himself, which was organized around the study and management of hysteria. Although Charcot always claimed to be uninterested in mental medicine, he stimulated the development of an original scientific approach to nervous system conditions, based on Claude Bernard's method, along with structured academic teaching. Conversely, alienism paradoxically remained stuck in organicism, after Antoine Bayle's report in 1822 of 'arachnitis' as the substratum of general paresis of the insane. Contrary to alienism, the young neurological school was capable of self-criticism, and progressively highlighted mental factors in hysteria. This led to the paradox that neurologists were active in a disease with no organic cerebral lesion, while alienists were postulating brain lesions in all mental disorders. Pushed by Charcot, the academic evolution led to the launch of a faculty chair of mental and brain diseases in 1875, which was taken over for nearly half a century by his direct pupils Benjamin Ball, Alix Joffroy and Gilbert Ballet, who held the position until 1916, supporting the development of modern psychiatry in general hospitals, while alienism progressively disappeared at the turn of the century.

  18. Abismos do reconhecimento: o legado sociofilosófico de Jean-Jacques Rousseau = Abysses of recognition: the sociophilosophical legacy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Honneth, Axel

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available O texto se ocupa com a questão da interpretação da obra de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, em particular com suas referências sobre a dependência constitutiva em relação aos outros. Vista negativamente na crítica da cultura, mas positivamente nos esboços de um contrato social, o lugar dessa dependência constitutiva da confirmação e estima por parte dos outros está vinculada ao significado dado ao “amor próprio” nos diferentes textos; mas ela abre a possibilidade de interpretar Rousseau como um teórico do reconhecimento. O autor acompanha Rousseau em seu desenvolvimento teórico até o ponto em que ele se tornou consciente das exigências de uma forma sociocontratual, igualitária do reconhecimento mútuo, para depois expor a enorme influência que a ideia bipolar de Rousseau a respeito do reconhecimento social exerceu sobre a teoria social da modernidade: em sua variante negativa, a profunda necessidade dos seres humanos de sobrepujar os respectivos cossujeitos no grau de estima social, reinterpretada por Kant como sendo a força motriz do progresso cultural e social, e em sua variante positiva, o respeito mútuo entre iguais, desenvolvido por Fichte e Hegel na direção de uma teoria do reconhecimento relacionada ao direito e à moralidade. No final, Honneth discute o ceticismo com que Rousseau sempre viu a dependência de outros contida no “amor próprio”, deixando sem solução definitiva a tensão entre a ideia estoica de uma independência pessoal de toda avaliação alheia e a ideia intersubjetivista de uma profunda dependência do outro. (Resumo do editor

  19. Jeans - blå byxor och drömmar i denim : en studie av aktörer på jeansmarknaden och skapandet av symbolvärden

    OpenAIRE

    Tyllström, Anna; Wreder, Malin

    2009-01-01

    The blue denim trousers called jeans are extremely common. They are worn by men and women, for different occasions, in most countries. Jeans can be casual or high fashion, cheap or expensive and mean a lot of different things for their users. In this paper we focus on the shaping of jeans as a commodity, and as carriers of symbolic values. We try to map different actors involved in the production of jeans, to show how they influence and try to organize the market for jeans. Following a pair o...

  20. Jean-Pierre Dupuy, Petite métaphysique des tsunamis, Paris, Editions du Seuil, 2005, 107 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stéphane Callens

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans ce petit ouvrage, Petite métaphysique des tsunamis, Jean-Pierre Dupuy revient sur ses propositions visant à formuler théoriquement une position « catastrophiste ». Ce courant « catastrophiste » est présenté comme une alternative à la notion de Développement Durable, jugée trop compromise avec une approche gestionnaire, selon Jean-Pierre Dupuy. Il existe deux positions théoriques pour la décision dans l’incertain. La plus traditionnelle est de considérer que la fonction de décision est li...

  1. Dynamique p-adique (d'apr\\`es des expos\\'es de Jean-Christophe Yoccoz)

    CERN Document Server

    Cantat, Serge

    2009-01-01

    This paper is an introduction to the dynamics of rational fractions over a p-adic field. It follows the lectures that Jean-Christophe Yoccoz gave during the \\'Etats de la recherche in May 2006, and develops certain points. Most of the results to be explained here are due to Benedetto, B\\'ezivin, Hsia, Lubin, Morton, Rivera-Letelier and Silverman. ----- Ce texte est une introduction \\`a la dynamique des fractions rationnelles sur un corps $p$-adique. Il reprend le cours que Jean-Christophe Yoccoz avait fait lors des \\emph{\\'Etats de la recherche} de mai 2006 et en d\\'eveloppe certains points. La plupart des r\\'esultats pr\\'esent\\'es sont d\\^us \\`a Benedetto, B\\'ezivin, Hsia, Lubin, Morton, Rivera-Letelier et Silverman.

  2. STAROBINSKI, JEAN. A MELANCOLIA DIANTE DO ESPELHO: TRÊS LEITURAS DE BAUDELAIRE & DELEUZE, GILLES ; GUATTARI, FÉLIX. KAFKA: POR UMA LITERATURA MENOR

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Maurício; Universidade Nove de Julho (São Paulo)

    2015-01-01

    Resenha dos livros: STAROBINSKI, Jean. A melancolia diante do espelho: três leituras de Baudelaire. São Paulo, Editora 34, 2014; DELEUZE, Gilles & GUATTARI, Félix. Kafka: Por uma literatura menor. Belo Horizonte, Autêntica, 2014.

  3. "I would eagerly leave Neuchâtel ..." A 1912 letter by Jean Piaget with an introduction and notes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidal, F

    1986-01-01

    A 1912 letter from fifteen-year-old Jean Piaget (1896-1980) to the director of the Museum of Natural History of Geneva illustrates Piaget's precocious integration into a community of professional naturalists, and reveals his hitherto unknown plan to study medicine. It is not certain whether he actually intended to realize that plan. An essential biographical fact, however, is that he finally left natural history by turning to philosophy rather than to medicine.

  4. SIMULACRA AS MEANS OF MANIPULATION OF PUBLIC OPINION: IN THE LIGHT OF THE JEAN BAUDRILLARD’S THEORY

    OpenAIRE

    Мария Васильевна Комова

    2014-01-01

    At the present stage for human civilization is characterized the widespread use of simulations that have spread to all spheres of public life. The use of simulation in the mass media practice, in particular in order to manipulate public opinion, is radically transforming the functional characteristics of the media. The purpose of the research lies in understanding the basic assumptions of the Jean Baudrillard’s simulation theory, installation of simulacra use features in the communication pro...

  5. 艺术与风格——Greg Van Rijck for Jean-Paul Knott男装系列

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Serge Carreira; 白惊鹏(译)

    2011-01-01

    最近两季以来.Greg Van Rijck将他的风格在Jean-Paul Knott男装系列上体现的淋漓尽致。该系列极具当代风格,气质精致而果敢,旨在将Jean—Paul Knott女装品牌一贯的精细与纯净精神体现在男装系列上。

  6. “Always the same stairs, always the same room”: the uncanny architecture of Jean Rhys's Good morning, midnight

    OpenAIRE

    Zimmerman, Emma

    2015-01-01

    Jean Rhys’s Good Morning, Midnight (1939) is a novel that returns obsessively to the uncanny architecture of the Parisian hotel, through providing insight into the deracinated experiences of protagonist Sasha Jansen, a woman existing at the peripheries of the interwar city. Strikingly, this uncanny architecture structures the narrative itself, in the form of frequent disruptions in temporality, stylistic negotiations of memory, and distinct fragmented typography. An architectural interpretati...

  7. O auteur a ver-se a si mesmo ao espelho: as alegorias do enunciador em Jean Cocteau

    OpenAIRE

    Chinita, Fátima

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT - Jean Cocteau, French cinema auteur avant la lettre, has consecrated his uniqueness to the defense of the “poet” and the promotion of its artistic ideals, before the French Nouvelle Vague inspired the break away from the filmic tradition and ahead of the eulogistic tendency to consider the director the undisputed creative entity of the filmmaking process. The Orphic trilogy expresses Cocteau’s cinematic philosophy in action. In other words, it reveals the way by which the creati...

  8. Two schemes of intellectual development: A comparison of development as defined by william perry and jean piaget

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Bruce; Donovan, Michael P.; Kelsey, Linda J.; Paterson, John; Statkiewicz, Walter; Allen, Robert D.

    The theories of Jean Piaget and William Perry provide two different theories of intellectual development with several similiarities, but also with critical differences. In this study a comparison was made to determine whether the two theories describe operation of the same mental structures or two fundamentally different aspects of intellectual development. The results, based upon individual interviews of all participants, indicate that the two theories outline different and independent processes for assessing intellectual development.

  9. Jean Bessière, Le roman contemporain ou la problématicité du monde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefano Ercolino

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Che cosa fa il romanzo contemporaneo? Non “come è fatto”, o “come funziona”, ma “che cosa fa”. Questa è la domanda posta al cuore del saggio di Jean Bessière, il cui aspetto più interessante è costituito dal tentativo di definire il romanzo contemporaneo a partire dall’ipotesi di una sua pragmatica, di una sua specifica proprietà di mediazione culturale.

  10. DECREASEMENT OF COLOUR AND COD CONTENT OF THE LIQUID WASTE PRODUCT FROM THE JEANS WASHING INDUSTRY BY CHITOSAN AND Trametes versicolor

    OpenAIRE

    Bulan, Rumondang; Sinaga, Mersi Suryani; Darnianti, Darnianti

    2010-01-01

    Chitosan and Trametes versicolor were used as the material for processing liquid waste product from the jeans washing industry in this study as they were more economics and no negative damage in the environmental life. This research is to find out the chitosan and Trametes versicolor effect as the coagulant in decreasing the colour and the COD content of the liquid waste product from the jeans washing industry using the coagulation method and floculation. The dosage of chitosan and Trametes v...

  11. A humanist's legacy in medical informatics: visions and accomplishments of Professor Jean-Raoul Scherrer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geissbühler, A; Lovis, C; Spahni, S; Appel, R D; Ratib, O; Boyer, C; Hochstrasser, D F; Baud, R

    2002-01-01

    To report about the work of Prof. Jean-Raoul Scherrer, and show how his humanist vision, his medical skills and his scientific background have enabled and shaped the development of medical informatics over the last 30 years. Starting with the mainframe-based patient-centered hospital information system DIOGENE in the 70s, Prof. Scherrer developed, implemented and evolved innovative concepts of man-machine interfaces, distributed and federated environments, leading the way with information systems that obstinately focused on the support of care providers and patients. Through a rigorous design of terminologies and ontologies, the DIOGENE data would then serve as a basis for the development of clinical research, data mining, and lead to innovative natural language processing techniques. In parallel, Prof. Scherrer supported the development of medical image management, ranging from a distributed picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) to molecular imaging of protein electrophoreses. Recognizing the need for improving the quality and trustworthiness of medical information on the Web, Prof. Scherrer created the Health-On-the-Net (HON) foundation. These achievements, made possible thanks to his visionary mind, deep humanism, creativity, generosity and determination, have made of Prof. Scherrer a true pioneer and leader of the human-centered, patient-oriented application of information technology for improving healthcare.

  12. Leggi della contaminazione e della mescolanza, Don Delillo e Jean-Luc Godard: una sfida illuminante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariangela Bio

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim The present paper aims at highlithing the new dynamics of comparison and exchange between literature and arts. It assumes the idea of a literature centred on the relations between text and context, bent on exhalting its "social" disposition. Then it deals with the subject of the work's originality in terms of identitary pact constantly renegotiated with works belonging to other semiologic themes. In this perspective, this article briefly investigates the complex relation between Don De Lillo's and Jean-Luc Godard's works.   Methodology The analytic approach moves between comparative literature and cultural criticism, in a very well-known field in the area of traditional literary studies and a very important sector in the structuration of contemporary imaginary: the relation between literature and cinema. The methodology adopted employs the comparative dynamics typical of text semiotcs, to underline exchange categories, among different languages and codes, which prove to be flowing, open and constantly changing.   Results The article highlights and explores new possibilities in the relation between cinema and literature, investigating them on the basis of the present observations on the notion of text; it also explains the urgency of a semantic reassessment of the concept of "work's originality" in the contemporary semiosphere. 

  13. MENGENAL FILSAFAT EKSISTENSIALISME JEAN-PAUL SARTRE SERTA IMPLEMENTASINYA DALAM PENDIDIKAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunarso Sunarso

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Pendidikan dan filsafat tidak dapat dipisahkan satu dengan yang lainnya. Filsafat bagi pendidikan berperan sebagai pedoman yang memberikan arahan dan tujuan  pendidikan. Sedangkan pendidikan bagi filsafat merupakan suatu ‘ruang’ yang selalu memberinya tempat untuk hidup dan terus berkembang melalui kegiatan-kegiatan teoritis maupun praktis dalam pendidikan. Filsafat eksistensialisme Jean Paul Sartre dapat digunakan sebagai dasar pijakan  dalam kegiatan belajar mengajar di kelas. Menurut Sartre, manusia adalah individu yang bebas. Namun kebebasan yang dimilikinya selalu terbatasi dengan fakta akan adanya kebebasan individu lain. Manusia adalah bebas untuk melakukan dan mendefinisikan dirinya sendiri secara individual.  Manusia tidak lain adalah bagaimana ia menjadikan dirinya sendiri.  Belajar adalah menjadikan dirinya sendiri otonom dan menyadari adanya orang lain sehingga dapat menciptakan dunianya sendiri yang berarti bagi dirinya dan bagi kehidupan orang lain atau lingkungannya. Namun demikian, kita tetap harus selektif terhadap pemikiran Sartre tentang peniadaan Tuhan. Dalam merumuskan konsep kebebasan individu, Sartre mengasumsikan bahwa tanpa bantuan Tuhan, manusia dapat bebas mendefinisikan dirinya sendiri untuk mencapai tujuan hidupnya. Pandangan ini jelas bertentangan dengan falsafah dasar negara kita yaitu Pancasila sila Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa.

  14. Entretiens Jacques Cordonier, Alain Jacquesson, Jean-Frédéric Jauslin, Hubert Villard

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    Beaucoup d’usages sont tellement ancrés dans nos vies que l’on ne s’interroge guère sur la manière dont ils sont advenus. Les réseaux informatiques, les échanges qu’ils génèrent, semblent aujourd’hui aussi « naturels » aux digital natives que la conversation à distance par téléphones fixes allait de soi il y a cinquante ans. Pour autant que l’on se pose la question, il est difficile d’imaginer qu’un domaine institutionnel, celui des bibliothèques en l’occurrence, ait joué un rôle important dans l’avènement et l’expansion de ces réseaux, au plan suisse voire international, et, par voie de conséquence, dans le développement et la normalisation des échanges intercantonaux. Cela est néanmoins une réalité. Ce livre d’entretiens fait apparaître en quoi Jacques Cordonier, Alain Jacquesson, Jean-Frédéric Jauslin et Hubert Villard, directeurs romands parmi les plus marquants de la fin du 20 e siècle, chacun avec son regard et sa tessiture, dans son canton ou à ...

  15. Assessing the Jeans Anisotropic Multi-Gaussian Expansion method with the Illustris simulation

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Hongyu; Mao, Shude; Xu, Dandan; Long, R J; Emsellem, Eric

    2015-01-01

    We assess the effectiveness of the Jeans-Anisotropic-MGE (JAM) technique with a state-of-the-art cosmological hydrodynamic simulation, the Illustris project. We perform JAM modelling on 1413 simulated galaxies with stellar mass M^* > 10^{10}M_{sun}, and construct an axisymmetric dynamical model for each galaxy. Combined with a Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation, we recover the projected root-mean-square velocity (V_rms) field of the stellar component, and investigate constraints on the stellar mass-to-light ratio, M^*/L, and the fraction of dark matter f_{DM} within 2.5 effective radii (R_e). We find that the enclosed total mass within 2.5 R_e is well constrained to within 10%. However, there is a degeneracy between the dark matter and stellar components with correspondingly larger individual errors. The 1 sigma scatter in the recovered M^*/L is 30-40% of the true value. The accuracy of the recovery of M^*/L depends on the triaxial shape of a galaxy. There is no significant bias for oblate galaxies, w...

  16. Highlights from e-EPS: Jean-Michel Raimond wins EPS Edison-Volta Prize 2014

    CERN Multimedia

    Martina Knoop, e-EPS News

    2014-01-01

    e-EPS News is a monthly addition to the CERN Bulletin line-up, showcasing articles from e-EPS – the European Physical Society newsletter – as part of a collaboration between the two publications.   The European Physical Society has the pleasure to announce that the 2014 EPS Edison-Volta Prize is awarded to Jean-Michel Raimond for “seminal contribution to physics (that) have paved the way for novel explorations of quantum mechanics and have opened new routes in quantum information processing”. J.-M. Raimond’s PhD thesis was supervised by Serge Haroche at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris, France, in the early 1980′s, and together S. Haroche, M. Brune and J.-M. Raimond have built an extremely successful research group since then. J.-M. Raimond has made seminal contributions to the development of cavity QED experiments, in particular involving circular Rydberg atoms interacting with very high-Q superc...

  17. CLUMPY: Jeans analysis, $\\gamma$-ray and neutrino fluxes from dark matter (sub-)structures

    CERN Document Server

    Bonnivard, Vincent; Nezri, Emmanuel; Charbonnier, Aldée; Combet, Céline; Maurin, David

    2015-01-01

    We present an update of the CLUMPY code for the calculation of the astrophysical J-factors (from dark matter annihilation/decay) for any Galactic or extragalactic dark matter halo including substructures: the concentration-mass relationship may now be drawn from a distribution, boost factors can include several levels of substructures, and triaxiality is a new option for dark matter haloes. This new version takes advantage of the cfitsio and HEALPix libraries to propose FITS output maps using the HEALPix pixelisation scheme. Skymaps for $\\gamma$-ray and neutrino signals from generic annihilation/decay spectra are now direct outputs of CLUMPY. Smoothing by a user-defined instrumental Gaussian beam is also possible. In addition to these improvements, the main novelty is the implementation of a Jeans analysis module, to obtain dark matter density profiles from kinematic data in relaxed spherical systems (e.g., dwarf spheroidal galaxies). The code is also interfaced with the GreAT toolkit designed for Markov Chai...

  18. Ivan Djaja (Jean Giaja)1 and the Belgrade School of Physiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andjus, Pavle R.; Stojilkovic, Stanko S.; Cvijic, Gordana

    2016-01-01

    Summary The founder of physiology studies in the Balkans and the pioneer of research on hypothermia, Ivan Djaja (Jean Giaja) was born 1884 in L’Havre. Giaja gained his PhD at the Sorbonne in 1909. In 1910 he established the first Chair of Physiology in the Balkans and organized the first Serbian Institute for Physiology at the School of Philosophy of the University of Belgrade. He led this Institute for more than 40 subsequent years. His most notable papers were in the field of thermoregulation and bioenergetics. Djaja became member of the Serbian and Croatian academies of science and doctor honoris causa of Sorbonne. In 1952 for the seminal work on the behaviour of deep cooled warm blooded animals he becane associate member of the National Medical Academy in Paris. In 1955 the French Academy of Sciences elected him as associate member in place of deceased Sir Alexander Fleming. Djaja died in 1957 during a congress held in his honour. He left more than 200 scientific and other papers and the golden DaVincian credo “Nulla dies sine experimento”. His legacy was continued by several generations of researchers, the most prominent among them being Stefan Gelineo, Radoslav Andjus and Vojislav Petrović. PMID:21777022

  19. "To afford the wounded speedy assistance": Dominique Jean Larrey and Napoleon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skandalakis, Panagiotis N; Lainas, Panagiotis; Zoras, Odyseas; Skandalakis, John E; Mirilas, Petros

    2006-08-01

    Dominique Jean Larrey (1766-1842) has been described as the father of modern military surgery and is considered even today as the model military surgeon. He developed a plan of rapid evacuation of wounded soldiers from the battlefield during combat, using flexible medical units which he named ambulances volantes ("flying ambulances"). He won the admiration of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821), who was amazed by the results of Larrey's sanitary system. Larrey spent almost 18 years with Napoleon, accompanying him in 25 campaigns, 60 battles, and more than 400 engagements. Napoleon's enormous military success was due not only to his strategy and skill but also to the medical services provided by Larrey. The surgeon became a master of wound management and limb amputation. In his vivid battlefield journals, Larrey documented the course of tetanus, the pathophysiology of cold injury, the effective control of hemorrhage, the drainage of empyema and hemothorax, the aspiration of pericardial effusion or hemopericardium, and the packing of sucking chest wounds. Larrey established a categorical rule for the triage of war casualties, treating the wounded according to the observed gravity of their injuries and the urgency for medical care, regardless of their rank or nationality.

  20. The Movies of Jean-Luc Godard and His Aesthetic Manifesto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rıdvan Senturk

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The Movement of ‘New Wave/ Nouvelle Vague’ is one of the most significant trends in the History of Cinema. In fact, the aesthetic notion that has ever been forming with the New Wave Movement has added new dimensions to the cinema movies search for manners of language and expression peculiar to itself. In this respect, it is important to research and discuss what the contribution of the Movement of New Wave to the development of the Language of Cinema is from the point of perceiving the state of today’s pictures as well as what the potential progressions in future will be, in which context this very study expatiates upon the Movement of New Wave and, particularly, the movies of Jean-Luc Godard, who is actually the most notable representative thereof, whereby questioning them from the aspect of film aesthetics. This study also pays particular attention to the exclusive place of Godard within the group and - in consideration of an exemplary selection of his typical films - the characteristic features of his understanding of films have been elucidated.

  1. Could Jean-Dominique Cassini see the famous division in Saturn's rings?

    CERN Document Server

    Lozi, Julien; Semery, Alain; Lhomé, Emilie; Jacquinod, Sophie; Combes, Michel; Bernardi, Pernelle; Andretta, Rémi; Motisi, Maxime; Bobis, Laurence; Kaftan, Emilie

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays, astronomers want to observe gaps in exozodiacal disks to confirm the presence of exoplanets, or even make actual images of these companions. Four hundred and fifty years ago, Jean-Dominique Cassini did a similar study on a closer object: Saturn. After joining the newly created Observatoire de Paris in 1671, he discovered 4 of Saturn's satellites (Iapetus, Rhea, Tethys and Dione), and also the gap in its rings. He made these discoveries observing through the best optics at the time, made in Italy by famous opticians like Giuseppe Campani or Eustachio Divini. But was he really able to observe this black line in Saturn's rings? That is what a team of optical scientists from Observatoire de Paris - LESIA with the help of Onera and Institut d'Optique tried to find out, analyzing the lenses used by Cassini, and still preserved in the collection of the observatory. The main difficulty was that even if the lenses have diameters between 84 and 239 mm, the focal lengths are between 6 and 50 m, more than the f...

  2. Jean Painlevé : de la science à la fiction scientifique.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florence Riou

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Si l'image documentaire, et à fortiori l'image scientifique est encore souvent perçue comme la réalité elle-même, elle n'est cependant qu’interprétation. Nous nous proposons ici, par une approche issue de l'histoire des techniques, d'interroger la construction des images liées à la pratique de biologiste. La mise en formes de ces images est tout à la fois le reflet de l'expérimentateur, de l'instrument, et celui de la connaissance de l'époque. Mais dans un désir de partage de la science au plus grand nombre, elles soulèvent aussi la question du lien existant entre science et fiction. Jean Painlevé (1902-1989, réalisateur et scientifique usant du cinématographe, met l'accent sur ce point dès les années trente. Conscient de notre tendance naturelle à l'anthropomorphisme, il souligne la nécessité d'une éducation du regard pour plus d'indépendance et d'esprit critique vis à vis des images. Et, en tirant du contenu scientifique lui même la substance et la dramaturgie de ses histoires, il propose une mise en fiction de la science qui renouvelle le genre documentaire.

  3. 30 July 2012 - Prime Minister of France, Mr. Jean-Marc Ayrault, visits CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximillien Brice

    2012-01-01

    Ligne d'accueil: Directeur général, R. Heuer présente: Directeur S. Myers, Chef des Relations internationales F. Pauss et Chefs de Département P. Bloch et A.-S. Catherin ; Représentants du CEA et du CNRS des 4 experiences LHC : J.-L. Faure, L. Fayard, C. Guyot, M.-H. Schune, Y. Schutz, Y. Sirois, Protocole CERN S. Molinari. Les autorités locales saluent le Premier ministre: M. Christophe Bouvier, maire de Cessy, M. Rachel Mazuir, sénateur de l'Ain, président du CG01, M. Etienne Blanc, député de l'Ain, maire de Divonne les Bains, et Mme Yvette Brachet, conseillère régionale représentant M. Jean-Jack Queyranne, président du CR Rhône Alpes. CERN-GE-1207163 32: dans le tunnel du LHC au Point 5: R. Garoby, Chef adjoint du département Faisceaux P. Lebrunm, Attaché à la Direction P. Bloch, Chef du département Physique J. Bertrand, (représente Alain Fuchs),CNRS Y. Sirois, Collaboration CMS, Responsable pour la France, Directeur de Recherche au CNRS, LLR Ecole Polytechnique J.-Y. Le Deaut, Dépu...

  4. Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin's 1825 treatise on the mouth and ingestion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chong, Gabriel Tse Feng

    2012-12-01

    This article quotes and discusses Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin's musings on the mouth and ingestion as described in his book The Physiology of Taste. The book was first published in France in December 1825, and is still widely read as a key work in Gastronomy today. The mouth is intimately related to the acts of chewing, swallowing and eating and it would be interesting to report an early 19th century epicurean's views on the mouth. Passages from Brillat-Savarin's book describing the functions of the teeth and tongue and the acts of tasting, chewing, and swallowing are quoted in full. Anecdotes also include one on the horrifying punishment of having one's tongue removed and another illustrating the poor oral health found among Europeans of that era. His work offers a unique glimpse into how a 19th century gastronome viewed the oral cavity and its gastronomical functions. While some of his writings may appear archaic and antediluvian to the modern reader; others relating to, for example chewing and swallowing, are surprisingly accurate by contemporary standards. Nonetheless, the gastronomic savant seemed to know a lot right about modern stomatology!

  5. Crystallization and emplacement of the Lac St-Jean anorthosite massif (Quebec, Canada)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woussen, G.; Dimroth, E.; Corriveau, L.; Archer, P.

    1981-05-01

    The Lac St-Jean anorthosite massif underlies an area of over 20,000 km2 and has been emplaced into migmatitic gneisses of the central granulite terrain of the Grenville Province of the Canadian shield. Field data and petrography in an area straddling the anorthosite-gneiss contact, close to Chicoutimi (Quebec) permits an outline of its tecto-magmatic evolution. Depositional magmatic textures in the massif reveals that it crystallized from a magma in a relatively calm tectonic environment. The absence of fusion in pelitic gneisses at the contact proves that the crystallization did not take place at the level presently exposed. The parallelism of subvertical foliation in the enveloping gneisses and the anorthosite indicates that both were deformed together. It is suggested that the deformation results from a diapiric ascent of the anorthosite massif after its consolidation at depth. The depth of consolidation of the anorthosite is estimated at ˜ 25 30 km from subsolidus reaction between plagioclase and olivine. The diapiric ascent is further substantiated by the fact that three sets of mafic dykes of different ages, intrusive into the anorthosite, have a mineralogy which indicates successively decreasing P, T conditions of emplacement from granulite fades to amphibolite facies. An evolution of the basement gneisses and the anorthosite is proposed as a working hypothesis; it relies on the fact that metabasite dyke swarms in the basement gneisses represent a period of major crustal extension and could be used as a stratigraphic subdivision of the Grenville Province.

  6. Clinical, metabolic, and genetic aspects of cytochrome C oxidase deficiency in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morin, C; Mitchell, G; Larochelle, J; Lambert, M; Ogier, H; Robinson, B H; De Braekeleer, M

    1993-08-01

    Thirty-four children with lactic acidosis and Leigh encephalopathy due to cytochrome C oxidase (COX) deficiency distributed in 28 families have recently been identified in northeastern Quebec, particularly in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ) region. The segregation analysis was consistent with an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance. The incidence was estimated at 1/2,063 live births between 1979 and 1990, and the carrier rate was estimated at 1/23 inhabitants in SLSJ. In SLSJ, the places of origin of the COX-deficient children and their parents did not show a clustered nonuniform distribution. The genealogical reconstruction of 54 obligate carriers identified 26 ancestors common to all of them. Twenty-two were 17th-century Europeans, suggesting that the COX-deficient gene was introduced in the French-Canadian population by early settlers. These results support the hypothesis of a founder effect for COX deficiency in northeastern Quebec. Clinical findings are reported for 15 of these COX-deficient patients, age 6 mo to 11 years. Moderate developmental delay, hypotonia, ataxia, strabismus, and mild facial dysmorphism were frequent. Eleven children died in episodes of fulminant metabolic acidosis. The patients had elevated blood and cerebrospinal fluid lactate levels, decreased blood bicarbonate levels, and normal blood pH. Leigh disease and microvesicular steatosis of the liver were present in all affected patients for whom postmortem examination was performed. This biochemically uniform group of patients showed a wide range of clinical severity.

  7. Fertility in myotonic dystrophy in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean: a historical perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dao, T N; Mathieu, J; Bouchard, J P; De Braekeleer, M

    1992-11-01

    Myotonic dystrophy (MD) is an autosomal dominant disorder that has a high prevalence in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean. A case-control study, based on a population register, of 373 MD patients who married in this region between 1855 and 1971 was conducted to determine whether their fertility was affected by the disorder. Six demographic parameters, that is the number of children, the age at marriage, the ages at the time of birth of the first and the last child, the interval between the marriage and the birth of the first child, and the interval between consecutive births, were analyzed. The mean number of children born to MD and control individuals was not different (P > 0.05). However, MD males had more children than MD females although they have started delaying their marriage since 1921. Fertility fell significantly in both the MD and control groups during the period of observation. This change reflects the decline in fertility of French Canadians in general during this period, but mainly after 1940.

  8. Genetic epidemiology of hereditary tyrosinemia in Quebec and in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Braekeleer, M; Larochelle, J

    1990-08-01

    Hereditary tyrosinemia type I is an autosomal recessive disorder that was recognized in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (SLSJ) (Quebec) in 1967. Ninety-eight tyrosinemic children, including some of the 113 children born in the SLSJ region, have been screened by the Quebec Network of Genetic Medicine in the whole province since 1970. The geographical distribution of the 98 children screened showed the majority of them to have been born in the northeastern part of Quebec. The prevalence at birth was estimated at 1/1,846 live borns, and the carrier rate was estimated at 1/20 inhabitants in the SLSJ region. Three control groups matched to the tyrosinemic obligate-carrier couples were generated using the population register of the SLSJ region kept at SOREP. The mean coefficient of inbreeding was only slightly elevated in the tyrosinemic group compared with the control groups and was due to remote consanguinity. The mean kinship coefficient was 2.3 times higher in the tyrosinemic group than in the control groups. In the SLSJ region the places of origin of the tyrosinemic children and their parents did not show a clustered nonuniform distribution. Endogamy was not found to be higher in the tyrosinemic group than in the control groups. All these results support both the hypothesis of a founder effect for tyrosinemia and a high gene frequency in northeastern Quebec.

  9. Amitié, harmonie et paix politique chez Aristote et Jean Bodin

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    Sara Miglietti

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available La crise politique et religieuse de la seconde moitié du xvie siècle ouvre la voie en France à un débat enflammé concernant les limites du pouvoir souverain et le rôle du peuple au sein de l’État. Dans les Six livres de la République (1576, Jean Bodin développe un programme de réforme éthico-politique envisageant l’amitié entre les citoyens comme pierre angulaire de l’État. Bien que s’inspirant largement des réflexions d’Aristote sur le même sujet (Éthique à Nicomaque, Politique, il remplace toutefois la théorie aristotélicienne de l’amitié-égalité (laquelle entraîne chez le Stagirite une vision égalitariste de la société et un net refus de la monarchie par une nouvelle théorie de l’amitié-harmonie qui lui permet de justifier la nature hiérarchique et monarchique de sa « République bien ordonnée ».

  10. On the Jeans Theorem and the “Tolman–Oppenheimer–Volkoff Equation” in R2 Gravity

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    Rishabh Jain

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Corda, Mosquera Cuesta, and Lorduy Gòmez have shown that spherically symmetric stationary states can be used as a model for galaxies in the framework of the linearized R2 gravity. Those states could represent a partial solution to the Dark Matter Problem. Here, we discuss an improvement of this work. In fact, as the star density is a functional of the invariants of the associated Vlasov equation, we show that any of these invariants is in its turn a functional of the local energy and the angular momentum. As a consequence, the star density depends only on these two integrals of the Vlasov system. This result is known as the “Jeans theorem.” In addition, we find an analogy of the historical Tolman–Oppenheimer–Volkoff equation for the system considered in this paper. For the sake of completeness, in the final section of the paper, we consider two additional models which argue that Dark Matter could not be an essential element.

  11. Jean Rouch e a invenção do Outro no documentário

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    Marcius Freire

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1954, Jean Rouch, who at the time was studying the migrationsystem in West Africa, invited three Nigerian friends - Lam, Illo and Damouré - to undertake an excursion up to the Gold Cost (presently Gana the same way as thousand of young men did during the drought months. Rouch filmed that experience, mixing documentary with fiction, thereby introducing a whole new element in the relation movie maker/observed citizens. In fact, until then thesesubjects were under the gaze of the camera and urged to show aspects of their reality in the most natural possible way. In contrast, in Jaguar, the film resulting from the afore mentioned experience, Rouch shows subjects who constructed themselves through the fílmic record and act upon a likewise constructed reality. In this way, he sought an "induced-truth", an expression he used to define the procedure through which the freedom he gave to the characters to create orto create themselves could lead to the truth of the film. The aim of this article is to reflect on this procedure and its unfolding in the field of contemporary documentary.

  12. Jean-Martin Charcot's house officers at La Salpêtrière Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walusinski, Olivier

    2011-01-01

    From the time he became chef de service at La Salpêtrière Hospital in 1866 until his death in 1893, Jean-Martin Charcot oversaw 32 house officers. Some of them became famous, such as D.M. Bourneville, E. Brissaud, P. Marie and G. Gilles de la Tourette. Others are less well known. The fact remains that Charcot knew how to surround himself with fine students and leverage their talents in order to make the neurological discoveries by which he would become famous throughout the world. Here, we present the biographies of H. Soulier (1862), J. Cotard (1865), R. Lépine (1867), A. Gombault (1872), A. Pierret (1874), A. Pitres (1876), P. Oulmont (1877), G. Guinon (1885), P. Blocq(1887), E. Huet (1888), E. Parmentier (1890) and A. Souques(1893). Each of these men with their unique paths and interests helped lay the foundations for the birth of neurology at the end of the 19th century in Paris. As Emile Littré said: 'La science de la Médecine, si elle ne veut pas être rabaissée au rang de métier, doit s'occuper de son histoire et soigner les vieux monuments que les temps passés lui ont légués', which could be translated as 'to avoid being reduced to a trade, the science of medicine must attend to its history and take care of the old monuments handed down by time'.

  13. Exile: Rupture and Continuity in Jean Vanmai's Chan Dang and Fils de Chan Dang

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    Tess Do

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available This essay focuses on the work of the New Caledonian-born writer Jean Vanmai. His first two novels, Chan Dang and Fils de Chan Dang, describe the working conditions and exilic existence of the little known Chan Dang, the voluntary workers from Tonkin (North Vietnam who moved to New Caledonia many decades ago. Descended himself from a Chan Dang family, Vanmai wishes to preserve the memory of the Chan DangDang’s past. In writing the story of the Chan Dang, Vanmai sees himself as the guardian of the Chan Dang’s collective memory, a keeper and defender of their common past. The paper argues that Vanmai's depictions of the Chan Dang have two important effects. First, by sharing with other Vietnamese migrants/refugees the life and experiences of the Tonkinese voluntary workers in New Caledonia, Vanmai breaks the silence surrounding colonial exile and exploitation and provides a full account of the Chan Dang’s exile that can be integrated into the contemporary history of Vietnamese migration. Second, by using different narrative resolutions for each of his protagonists, Vanmai stresses the need to fulfil one’s filial duty among the young Vietnamese generations. With this symbolic filial act, Vanmai pays homage to his Vietnamese ancestors and earns himself a honourable title, that of a true dutiful "son of Chan Dang".

  14. QUAL VIA PARA A ANÁLISE DO DISCURSO?: UMA ENTREVISTA COM JEAN-JACQUES COURTINE

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    João KOGAWA

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O percurso de Jean-Jacques Courtine no campo da Análise do Discurso de linha francesa bem como as contribuições do autor para a teoria já são bastante conhecidos pelos estudiosos do domínio. Como é comum aos grandes pensadores, o pensamento desse estudioso das ciências humanas não permaneceu o mesmo, nem tampouco os espaços pelos quais ele circulou academicamente (França, EUA e, atualmente, Nova Zelândia. De Análise do discurso político: o discurso comunista endereçado aos cristãos à História da Virilidade, muitas problemáticas foram enfrentadas por Courtine. Nesta entrevista inédita, o autor nos fala sobre sua história no campo da Análise do Discurso de linha francesa; sobre os anseios, expectativas e perspectivas comuns aos anos 1960 e que influenciaram a Análise do Discurso; sobre aspectos de sua relação com Michel Pêcheux e os caminhos que seus trabalhos tomaram após os anos 1980. Tudo isso nos leva a refletir sobre a complexidade, a importância e a atualidade do discurso como objeto de investigação.

  15. Reflecting on the ongoing aftermath of heart transplantation: Jean-Luc Nancy's L'intrus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wynn, Francine

    2009-03-01

    This paper explores Jean-Luc Nancy's philosophical reflection on surviving his own heart transplant. In 'The Intruder', he raises central questions concerning the relations between what he refers to as a 'proper' life, that is, a life that is thought to be one's own singular 'lived experience', and medical techniques, shaped at this particular historical juncture by cyclosporine or immuno-suppression. He describes the temporal nature of an ever-increasing sense of strangeness and fragmentation which accompanies his heart transplant. In doing so, Nancy opens up the concealed of transplantation in terms of the problematic 'gift' of a 'foreign' organ, the unremitting suffering intrusiveness of the treatment regimen, and the living of life as 'bare life'. He uncovers and exposes the relentless uncanniness that pervades the post-transplant experience, which for him is an example of our humanistic, never-ending impulse, to alter ourselves. Nevertheless, Nancy offers no answer to this dilemma, but instead calls us to think about the meaning or 'sense' of the prolonging of life and deferring of death, which currently drives our medical interventions.

  16. Distribution of CFTR mutations in Saguenay- Lac-Saint-Jean: proposal of a panel of mutations for population screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madore, Anne-Marie; Prévost, Claude; Dorfman, Ruslan; Taylor, Chelsea; Durie, Peter; Zielenski, Julian; Laprise, Catherine

    2008-03-01

    Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean is a region located in the northeastern part of the Province of Quebec, Canada, and is characterized by a founder effect. In this region, it has been documented that the incidence of cystic fibrosis reached 1/902 live births between 1975 and 1988, three times higher than the average incidence of 1/2500 live births reported in other Caucasian populations. This corresponds to a carrier rate of 1/15. Using genotyping data from the Canadian Consortium for Cystic Fibrosis Genetic Studies, this article describes the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator profile of the cystic fibrosis population living in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region and compares it with cystic fibrosis populations living in three other regions of the Province of Quebec. Significant differences in allelic frequencies of common mutations (as DeltaF508, 621 + 1G>T and A455E), and in percentage of covered allele with three or six mutations, were found in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean compared to other regions. Based on this result, two mutation panels exceeding 90% sensitivity threshold are now proposed for cystic fibrosis carrier screening in this region. The implementation of the proposed carrier screening program could diminish the incidence of this disease in this region and allow future parents to make informed decisions about family planning.

  17. Viirastuse ja illusiooni vahel: Trooja Jean Racine’i traagilises dispositiivis / Between Delusion and Illusion: Troy in Jean Racine’s Tragic Dispositive

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    Maria Einman

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the role of Troy in the space-time continuum of Jean Racine’s (1639-1699 two most widely known, secular tragedies „Iphigenia“ (1667 and „Andromache“ (1674. The tragic space-time continuum and its effect on the image of Troy is analysed according to the theory of operative devices. Stéphane Lojkine adapted this theory to the analysis of the space created by fictional texts. In the first section, the paper gives a brief overview of the history of the theory of operative devices and the principles and primary concepts involved, then describes the space-time of Racine’s tragedy as an operative device, which functions because the tensions created between the different zones and levels of space-time are mediated on a scopic level (i.e. the character’s viewpoints. The second section takes a closer look at how the images of the Trojan War that are created shift and change within these zones, depending on whether the events of war take place in the present or the future vis-à-vis the events of the tragedy.  In „Andromache“, Troy has already been destroyed. One of the Greek commanders, King Pyrrhus, is driven by sentimentality and wishes to restore it „within the walls“ of his kingdom. However, in „Iphigenia“, the characters are only just making preparations for war and their main desire is to be free of the curse of the gods that has rendered the waterway leading under the walls of Troy impenetrable. The male protagonists of both tragedies wish to bring Troy into their own, present space-time continuum. The conflicts in both tragedies revolve around a character who is the „key“ to Troy: in „Andromache“, it is Astyanax, the son of Hector, the dead king of Troy, and in „Iphigenia“, it is the main character’s double, Eriphyle, the daughter of beautiful Helen and Theseus. The delusional city in „Andromache“ materializes when Pyrrhus places the crown on Andromaque’s head, thereby ensuring

  18. Éléments fantastiques dans «Malpertuis» de Jean RAY

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    Hebatallah Emad Ed Dine Abdel Razek

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Dans cette recherche nous étudions les éléments fantastiques dans « Malpertuis » de Jean Ray.  La littérature fantastique a connu une grande vogue au XIX ème siècle grâce aux œuvres de MAUPASSANT, GAUTIER, POE et LOVECRAFT. Avec la déclaration de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, ce genre reprend son éclat avec les écrivains francophones, notamment l’école belge de l’étrange. Notre étude porte sur la mise en lumière des différentes définitions du terme « fantastique » qui a suscité de nombreuses controverses parmi les chercheurs. De même, nous remontons à l’historique du genre et ses principaux représentants en France et à l’étranger. Nous essayons également d’appliquer les théories de TODOROV, CASTEX et CAILLOIS  sur le roman objet d’étude. Nous y trouvons toutes les techniques fantastiques : hésitation du lecteur et du personnage, événements surnaturels, sensation de peur et d’angoisse, utilisation des figures mythologiques… Tous ces éléments sont insérés dans un cadre spatio-temporel réaliste afin de créer l’illusion référentiel. Ainsi analysons-nous comment Ray, à partir de stéréotypes renvoyant à la peur,  parvient-il à entraîner le lecteur dans une aventure de lecture frissonnante Mots-clés: fantastique – hésitation – peur – surnaturel – illusion référentielle.

  19. Sauvegarde et valorisation du fonds d’archives familiales de Jean-Joseph Rabearivelo à Madagascar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Ink

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Figure essentielle et encore mal connue de la littérature malgache et internationale, Jean-Joseph Rabearivelo (1903‑1937 fut à la fois poète, journaliste et critique, dramaturge et romancier, historien de sa tradition, collecteur et traducteur de textes anciens comme de textes modernes. L’aventure qui débuta fin 2008 pour aboutir à la publication de ses œuvres complètes (AUF/ITEM, CNRS Éditions, Coll. Planète libre, Paris, 2 tomes, 2010 et 2012 consistait à sauvegarder l’important fonds d’archives familiales (plus de 800 manuscrits, tapuscrits, textes édités ou documents de travail confié par les ayant droits à l’Institut Français de Madagascar (Antananarivo, par un travail de tri, de numérisation et de mise en conditionnement neutre, in situ, et à le valoriser par l’édition des textes, pour une grande part inédits, dans une approche scientifique à caractère génétique. Expérience novatrice, structurée par une méthodologie devant constamment s’adapter aux exigences géographique, scientifique et éditoriale, elle est également à considérer comme un cas d’école, pour une meilleure approche des fonds d’archives littéraires, aujourd’hui en péril dans bon nombre de pays du Sud.

  20. Chapter 15: Jean-Martin Charcot and the anatomo-clinical method of neurology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goetz, Christopher G

    2010-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893) was the premier clinical neurologist of the 19th century. Charcot's research was anchored in the anatomo-clinical method, a two-part methodology that linked clinical signs with anatomical lesions. The first step of this method involved the careful documentation of clinical signs with longitudinal observation. At the time of death, the second step involved autopsy examination of the brain and spinal cord. With combined clinical and anatomical data, Charcot was able to suggest concrete clinical-anatomical correlations. This method helped to define the tracts and nuclei responsible for normal and abnormal neurological signs and was pivotal to a new classification of neurological diseases based on anatomy. The best-developed example of this method was Charcot's work with motor system degenerative disorders, specifically amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. These studies led to the international designation of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis as Charcot's disease. Other examples of the fruits of the anatomo-clinical method included several stroke syndromes and the linkage of specific signs to specific lesions in multiple sclerosis. The discipline fostered cortical localization theory, which moved neurologists away from the concept of the brain as a homogenous organ in preference to the concept that brain regions controlled specific motor, sensory and language functions. Charcot's attempts to apply his anatomo-clinical method to the knotty neurological diagnosis of hysteria led him to experiments and conclusions that drew criticism and even scorn from colleagues. These events tarnished Charcot's reputation at the close of his career. In the context of Charcot's extensive discoveries and lasting contributions, the anatomo-clinical method remains the anchor of modern neurological diagnosis and is Charcot's most important contribution to clinical neurology.

  1. O projeto de desconstrução do cristianismo de Jean-Luc Nancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etienne Alfred Alfred Higuet

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Pretendemos percorrer, com Jean-Luc Nancy, os principais momentos do processo de construção e desconstrução do cristianismo e do Ocidente, até o seu estado presente, consequência da “morte de Deus” como própria destinação do cristianismo. A desconstrução do cristianismo e, pela mesma ocasião, do Ocidente que se identifica com ele, objetiva reduzi-lo à essência do seu fenômeno. Trata-se do “desenclausuramento” ou da “declosão” recíproca das heranças da religião e da filosofia. Ao longo da história, por um movimento virtualmente infinito, a fé cristã se descobre remetendo a um momento anterior a ela mesma, momento que ela constantemente renova e clareia. Uma das principais tarefas é a desconstrução do monoteísmo.  Com a figura de Cristo, a renúncia ao poder divino e à sua presença torna-se o próprio ato de Deus. A ausência ou o vazio-de-divindade é sua verdade mais profunda. Mostraremos, também, algumas implicações éticas e políticas do processo. Concluiremos com algumas reflexões críticas a respeito do método adotado pelo autor e dos principais resultados do percurso. 

  2. This World Without Another. Jean-Luc Nancy and la Mondialisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diederik Aerts

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we turn to the philosophy of Jean-Luc Nancy. In his work La Création du Monde ou la Mondialisation of 2002 the French philosopher analyses the process of globalisation. Rather than denoting a new homogeneity, the term refers to a world horizon characterized in its inter-palpable multiplicity of cultural, socio-economical, ideological and politico-moral content. According to Nancy, globalisation refers to ag-glome-ration: the decay of what once was a globe and now nothing more than a glome. On the one hand, Nancy indicates that the world has changed by an unknown increase of techno-science, the worsening of inequalities between growing populations and by the changing and disappearing of given certainties, views and identities of the world and of man. On a large scale, this deformation is due to the relation between the capitalist evolution and the capitalising of worldviews. On the other hand, due to the inter-palpability of the multiplicity, this means that on our planet there is only space for one world. The world gradually becomes the only world. In this paper we will investigate what Nancy means with the becoming-world of the world and how this relates to our being in the world. For Nancy globalisation reveals two possible destinies of our relation with the world. In La Création du Monde ou la Mondialisation he discerns globalisation from mondialisation to analyze these two possibilities. We will investigate this distinction of Nancy and its consequences for everyday life.

  3. Bâtir Saint-Jean-du-Maroni. : La construction du pénitencier de Saint-Jean-du-Maroni, Guyane française, 1887-1943.

    OpenAIRE

    Sanchez, Jean-Lucien

    2013-01-01

    275 p.; This study provides a historical analysis of the architecture of the prison of Saint-Jean-du-Maroni. This prison hosted the relégués in French Guiana, under the law of 27 May 1885 on the relegation of recidivists. It identifies and analyzes all the buildings built by the prison administration between 1888 and 1943. It is divided into three parts: - A presentation of the main stages of the construction of the penitentiary. - An inventory and an analysis of all prison buildings. - A his...

  4. A Thermodynamic History of the Solar Constitution — II: The Theory of a Gaseous Sun and Jeans' Failed Liquid Alternative

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robitaille P.-M.

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the development of solar theory is followed from the concept that the Sun was an ethereal nuclear body with a partially condensed photosphere to the creation of a fully gaseous object. An overview will be presented of the liquid Sun. A powerful lineage has brought us the gaseous Sun and two of its main authors were the direct sci- entific descendants of Gustav Robert Kirchhoff: Franz Arthur Friedrich Schuster and Arthur Stanley Eddington. It will be discovered that the seminal ideas of Father Secchi and Herv ́ e Faye were not abandoned by astronomy until the beginning of 20th century. The central role of carbon in early solar physics will also be highlighted by revisit- ing George Johnstone Stoney. The evolution of the gaseous models will be outlined, along with the contributions of Johann Karl Friedrich Z ̈ ollner, James Clerk Maxwell, Jonathan Homer Lane, August Ritter, William Thomson, William Huggins, William Edward Wilson, George Francis FitzGerald, Jacob Robert Emden, Frank Washington Very, Karl Schwarzschild, and Edward Arthur Milne. Finally, with the aid of Edward Arthur Milne, the work of James Hopwood Jeans, the last modern advocate of a liquid Sun, will be rediscovered. Jeans was a staunch advocate of the condensed phase, but deprived of a proper building block, he would eventually abandon his non-gaseous stars. For his part, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar would spend nine years of his life studying homogeneous liquid masses. These were precisely the kind of objects which Jeans had considered for his liquid stars.

  5. La Intertextualidad en Jean-Luc Godard, o cómo construir un discurso desde la ubicuidad cultural

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Tarín, Francisco Javier; Vilageliu, Josep

    2010-01-01

    El reciente estreno del último film de Jean-Luc Godard, Notre musique, pone una vez más de relieve la importancia de este cineasta de nuestro tiempo (quizás avanzado en varias décadas a la evolución de los procesos discursivos del audiovisual contemporáneo) y la esencia que para él tiene todo aquello que es materia significante en el contexto de nuestras vivencias cotidianas, vinculadas a los media de forma extrema. En Notre musique, Godard no duda en combinar documental y ficción (sep- ar...

  6. O homem depravado e a possibilidade do bem na filosofia política de Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    OpenAIRE

    SOUZA, Júnio Cézar da Rocha

    2012-01-01

    O presente trabalho procura trazer uma discussão sobre o pensamento de Rousseau acerca da possibilidade do agir bem na sociedade. O filósofo genebrino, para tratar de tal possibilidade, arrazoa prioritariamente sobre a condição primitiva do homem e a degeneração desta com o advento da sociedade. Lançar-nos-emos sobre algumas obras de Jean-Jacques Rousseau para discutirmos o trânsito que vai do homem selvagem, passando por sua corrupção até uma proposta redentivo-política por me...

  7. Genetic analysis of genealogies in mentally retarded autistic probands from Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (Quebec, Canada).

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Braekeleer, M; Tremblay, M; Thivierge, J

    1996-01-01

    Autism is a heterogeneous disorder for which we have evidence of both genetic and environmental determination. The genealogies of 16 autistic probands born in Saguenay Lac-Saint Jean were reconstructed and compared to those of 48 matched control individuals distributed in three different groups. The mean inbreeding and kinship coefficients were calculated. Both coefficients were not found to be increased in the autistic group compared to the control groups. These findings support the conclusions reached by Jorde et al. (1990) which indicated that a single gene was unlikely to account for most cases of autism.

  8. Françoise Mengin et Jean-Louis Rocca éds., Politics in China : Moving Frontiers

    OpenAIRE

    White, Lynn T.

    2006-01-01

    Françoise Mengin et Jean-Louis Rocca ont réuni un groupe de chercheurs étonnamment international. Quatre des dix contributeurs à cet ouvrage travaillent en France et abordent en anglais (comme China Perspectives) des questions théoriques importantes, très présentes chez les sinologues d’Europe continentale. Mais des chercheurs travaillant aux Etats-Unis, au Japon, en Grande-Bretagne et à Hong Kong ont également participé à ce travail. Aucun ouvrage ne présente plus clairement les paradoxes de...

  9. PARADOXURILE CONCEPŢIEI POLITICE ÎN OPERA LUI JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru MAZILU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ideile lui Rousseau au avut un impact major asupra societăţii la sfârşitul sec. al XVIII-lea şi pe parcursul întregii perioade a sec. al XIX-lea. Aceste idei au imprimat un suflu modern cugetului său, fiind considerat şi un ideologist politic, o voce puternică a Revoluţiei Franceze şi un pioner al curentului romantic. În legătură cu domeniul nostru de studiu, paradoxurile concepţiei politice ale lui Rousseau se referă la contradicţia dintre aspiraţiile modernităţii şi criticile violente ale progresului social. El pune accentul pe contradicţia dintre încrede-rea deplină în ,,contractul social”, ca pattern cultural şi lipsa de încredere în ,,educaţia socială”. Unicul mod de a depăşi aceste contradicţii este abordarea noului model al filosofiei educaţiei bazat pe reforme radicale pentru a facilita autodezvoltarea individului.   THE PARADOXES OF POLITICAL CONCEPTION IN THE WORK OF JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAUHis ideas have a big impact on the society at the end of the 18th century and the whole 19th century period. These ideas transform his spirit into a modern one, as well as a political ideologist, main voice of the French Revolution and pioneer of the Romantic Movement. Related to our article subject, Rousseau's political conceptual paradoxes refer to the contradiction between moderni-ty aspiration and the violent critic of the social progress. He emphasizes the contradiction between full trust of the "social contract", as a cultural pattern and the distrust of the "social education." The only way to leave the contradictions behind is his new education philosophy pattern based on a radical reform in order for the individual to develop himself.

  10. Terpenoids, flavonoids and caffeic acid derivatives from Salvia viridis L. cvar. Blue Jeans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rungsimakan, Supattra; Rowan, Michael G

    2014-12-01

    Three diterpenoids, 1-oxomicrostegiol (1), viroxocin (2), viridoquinone (3), were isolated from the roots of Salvia viridis L. cvar. Blue Jeans. Five known diterpenoids, microstegiol (4), 7α-acetoxy-14-hydroxy-8,13-abietadiene-11,12-dione (5; 7-O-acetylhorminone tautomer), 7α,14-dihydroxy-8,13-abietadiene-11,12-dione (6; horminone tautomer), ferruginol and salvinolonyl 12-methyl ether (7) were also found in the roots together with 1-docosyl ferulate (8), and a mixture of 2-(4'-alkoxyphenyl) ethyl alkanoates (9). Two lupane triterpenoids, 2α-acetoxy-lup-20(29)-en-3β-ol (10), and 3β-acetoxy-lup-20(29)-en-2α-ol (11) were found in the aerial parts together with known compounds, lup-20(29)-ene-2α,3β-diol (12), ursolic acid, oleanolic acid, β-sitosterol and β-sitosterol glucoside. A known phenylpropanoid, trans-verbascoside (or acteoside; 13), was the main constituent in the polar fraction of the aerial part, and it is now reported in the genus Salvia for the first time. Other polyphenolic compounds were cis-verbascoside (14), leucosceptoside A (15), martynoside (16), caffeic acid, 6-O-caffeoyl-glucose (18), rosmarinic acid, salidroside, luteolin-7-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-galactopyranoside, luteolin-7-O-β-galactopyranoside, luteolin-7-O-α-rhamnopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-glucopyranoside, luteolin-7-O-β-glucopyranoside, and apigenin-7-O-β-glucopyranoside. The structures were determined by 1D-, 2D-NMR and HR-ESI-MS techniques. Compounds 6, 10, ferruginol, ursolic acid and oleanolic acid exhibited antibacterial activity against Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 775) with MIC 50 μM, 25 μM, 50 μM, 12.5 μM, 12.5 μM respectively. Ferruginol, ursolic acid and oleanolic acid were also active against Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6571), and Bacillus cereus (ATCC 2599) with MIC 12.5-50 μM. 4 was also active against S.aureus (ATCC 6571) with MIC 50 μM. These values are consistent with previous studies on the antimicrobial activity of Salvia diterpenoids.

  11. Neuroplasticity and the brain connectome: what can Jean Talairach's reflections bring to modern psychosurgery?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourdillon, Pierre; Apra, Caroline; Lévêque, Marc; Vinckier, Fabien

    2017-09-01

    Contrary to common psychosurgical practice in the 1950s, Dr. Jean Talairach had the intuition, based on clinical experience, that the brain connectome and neuroplasticity had a role to play in psychosurgery. Due to the remarkable progress of pharmacology at that time and to the technical limits of neurosurgery, these concepts were not put into practice. Currently, these concepts are being confirmed by modern techniques such as neuroimaging and computational neurosciences, and could pave the way for therapeutic innovation in psychiatry. Psychosurgery commonly uses a localizationist approach, based on the idea that a lesion to a specific area is responsible for a deficit opposite to its function. To psychosurgeons such as Walter Freeman, who performed extensive lesions causing apparently inevitable deficit, Talairach answered with clinical data: complex psychic functions cannot be described that simply, because the same lesion does not provoke the same deficit in different patients. Moreover, cognitive impairment did not always follow efficacious psychosurgery. Talairach suggested that selectively destructing part of a network could open the door to a new organization, and that early psychotherapy could encourage this psychoplasticity. Talairach did not have the opportunity to put these concepts into practice in psychiatric diseases because of the sudden availability of neuroleptics, but connectomics and neuroplasticity gave rise to major advances in intraparenchymal neurosurgery, from epilepsy to low-grade glioma. In psychiatry, alongside long-standing theories implicating focal lesions and diffuse pathological processes, neuroimaging techniques are currently being developed. In mentally healthy individuals, combining diffusion tensor imaging with functional MRI, magnetoencephalography, and electroencephalography allows the determination of a comprehensive map of neural connections in the brain on many spatial scales, the so-called connectome. Ultimately, global

  12. 风来了,就把翅膀张开了——法国《PSYCHOLOGIES》杂志主编Jean-Louis访谈录

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    第一次得知Jean-Louis的名字,远在7年前。一本法国的《PSYCHOLOGIES》杂志把这个名字带入了我的记忆。《PSYCHOLOGIES》杂志以其精锐的话题.优雅的设计脱颖而出,在法国获得巨大的成功。而创建人正是Jean-Louis和他美丽的太太Perla。7年后的今天。在上海,当我得以和Jean-Louis面对面交谈的时候,我不得不由衷地折服:一个拥有大智慧的人,内心绝对是强大的。

  13. Two paradigms of suicide or two acts of voluntary death? Heinrich von Kleist and Jean Améry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarzyna Kuczyńska-Koshany

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available I compare the suicide deaths of Heinrich von Kleist and Jean Améry (Hans Mayer. I discuss the issue of suicide, considering it as a category of the German language and distinguish the difference between the terms ‘Selbstmord’ [self-annihilation] and ‘Freitod’ [self-inflicted death, voluntary death]. By comparing the two suicides committed on the two verges of modernity (the beginning of 19th century in Berlin and 20th century after Auschwitz, I try to describe them as an experience of the imagination (in the words of Stefan Chwin and as a specific act of creation: a choice of a voluntary death. Suicide, comprehended as a confirmation of our existential freedom, was a deviation from what was considered the norm in Prussia in 1811 and did not seem possible as anything else than an act of despair, when committed by a death camp survivor. However, Heinrich von Kleist and Jean Améry have set a precedent in the existing cultural and historical paradigms of suicide.

  14. A construção da subjetividade na teoria de Jean Piaget: correlações entre ciência e filosofia

    OpenAIRE

    Dourado, Miguel Angelo Serra

    2009-01-01

    A construção da subjetividade na psicologia do desenvolvimento de Jean Piaget é o tema central da presente dissertação, cujo problema consiste em analisar o processo de construção da subjetividade na psicologia do desenvolvimento de Jean Piaget a partir das relações entre ciência e filosofia. Em termos metodológicos, o presente texto foi desenvolvido através de uma pesquisa bibliográfica, que justificou-se pela escassez de trabalhos em torno do tema em questão. Estruturalmente, o texto foi or...

  15. “Gout and the spider” by Jean de La Fontaine (1621-1695, or the metamorphoses of a rheumatologic tale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Marson

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available By starting from the critical analysis of the fable “Gout and the spider”(Fables Choisies mises en vers, III,8 by Jean de La Fontaine, the author inquires into the historical and literary sources of such a tale. They lie in a short story by Francesco Petrarca (“Aranea et Podagra”, that can be found in a letter from the “Epistolae de Rebus Familiaribus” (III,13. Antecedent sources can be recognized in the Exempla by Jacques de Vitry and Jean Gobi, as well as in a brief poem by Paulus Diaconus.

  16. El mito de Orestes en Les mouches de Jean-Paul Sartre y El pan de todos de Alfonso Sastre: La necesidad de la acción

    OpenAIRE

    L. Rovecchio Antón L.

    2012-01-01

    ENIn Les mouches and El pan de todos, Jean-Paul Sartre and Alfonso Sastre speak about the mythological figure of Orestes to reveal the problems of their society. In this article I will focus on the analysis of these two plays and, more specifically, the question of the necessity of the action, which is closely linked with human freedom. A freedom based on choosing a way that leads to direct action or passivity. A choice that, in turn, becomes the essence of human being.Keywords: Jean-Paul Sar...

  17. [WILD MAMMALS OF THE GRAND DUCHY OF LITHUANIA IN THE WORKS OF JEAN-EMMANUEL GILIBERT].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samojlik, Tomasz; Daszkiewicz, Piotr

    2015-01-01

    Among the many topics of lively scientific work that Jean Emmanuel Gilibert (1741-1814) conducted in Grodno and Vilnius, an important place is occupied by his observations of wild mammals. Royal patronage and care from Antoni Tyzenhauz, Treasurer of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the governor of Grodno, allowed Gilibert to keep and observe wild fauna captured by royal services in royal forests, including Białowieża Primeval Forest. Such was an origin of a female bison kept by Gilibert in Grodno. Its description, published in Indagatores naturae in Lithuania (Vilnius 1781) for decades became the primary source of information about the behaviour, food preferences and the anatomy of European bison. European science has just begun to take interest in European bison, therefore Gilibert's account entered scientific circulation by way of French natural history encyclopaedias (mainly Georges Buffon's Histoire naturelle) and works by Georges Cuvier or Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. Apart from the description of European bison, Gilibert left an entire series of observations of wild mammals inhabiting the forests of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. His accounts of moose were important in building a knowledge base for this species. In the first half of the 18th century, moose was known mainly from fantastic descriptions in Renaissance works and from prescriptions devoted to using moose hoof as the epilepsy treatment. Gilibert's observations helped to overthrow such superstitions. Similarly, Gilibert's first-hand information verified the widespread legends concerning brown bear (e.g. the belief that white bears, belonging to other species than polar bears, occur in Lithuania) . List of species kept and thoroughly watched by the scholar is much longer and includes lynx, wolf (and hybrids of wolves and dogs), beaver, badger, fox, hedgehog, and even white mouse. Also his comments on the species of mammals then absent in Lithuania but known either from farming or from the fur

  18. Depaule Jean-Charles (avec la collaboration de Jean-Luc Arnaud, À travers le mur, Marseille, éditions Parenthèses, collection Eupalinos, 2014, 219 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Madoeuf

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Saluons la réédition, aux éditions Parenthèses, dans la collection Eupalinos, d’À travers le mur, de Jean-Charles Depaule, ouvrage qui est tant une contribution rare et originale aux études urbaines, qu’un opus d’anthropologie sur l’espace habité, de même qu’une source de références multiples, notamment littéraires. « Rêver des lourdes portes, des passages en chicane et plus encore, peut-être des moucharabiehs perdus […] ». Cette sollicitation onirique et énigmatique, quatrième de couverture ...

  19. NOMENCLATURAL NOTES ON THE EURYTOMIDS (CHALCIDOIDEA: EURYTOMIDAE) DESCRIBED BY JEAN BRÈTHES HOUSED IN MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES “BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA”

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nine species parasitic eurytomid wasps described by Jean Brèthes and deposited in the National Insect Collection of Argentina, Buenos Aires are treated and their nomenclature stabilized. The condition of the type material is described. Lectotypes are designated for Prodecatoma parodii, Eudecatoma o...

  20. Le contrôle de l'Univers: la dialettica del potere nelle Histoire(s) du cinéma di Jean-Luc Godard

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Michele Guerra

    2010-01-01

    In Histoire(s) du cinéma, Jean-Luc Godard finally connects his human being’s existence with history of cinema as uncontrollable stream of images, as a system of screens and mirrors that our experience produces and from which it is produced...

  1. Jean Langlais (1907-91): an historical case of a blind organist with stroke-induced aphasia and Braille alexia but without amusia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, C A H; Larner, A J

    2008-11-01

    The subject of a prior report of a blind organist with aphasia and Braille alexia without amusia, published in French, has been identified as Jean Langlais. His artistic and medical history is presented, the latter via translation of the original 1987 paper.

  2. Transitory Connections: The Reception and Rejection of Jean Piaget's Psychology in the Nursery School Movement in the 1920s and 1930s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beatty, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    In 1927, nursery school educator Lucy Sprague Mitchell heralded Jean Piaget's psychology as of "outstanding interest" and wrote in "Progressive Education" that it should be of "immense service" to psychologists, teachers, and parents. In 1929, psychologist Lois Meek praised Piaget's research in the National Society for the Study of Education's…

  3. Jean Aicard et les Poèmes de Provence. Lecture rhétorique du poème liminaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michèle Gorenc

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available Insistant sur l’influence de l’art oratoire sur l’œuvre poétique de Jean Aicard, l’article propose une lecture rhétorique du poème liminaire de son recueil Poèmes de Provence.

  4. Transitory Connections: The Reception and Rejection of Jean Piaget's Psychology in the Nursery School Movement in the 1920s and 1930s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beatty, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    In 1927, nursery school educator Lucy Sprague Mitchell heralded Jean Piaget's psychology as of "outstanding interest" and wrote in "Progressive Education" that it should be of "immense service" to psychologists, teachers, and parents. In 1929, psychologist Lois Meek praised Piaget's research in the National Society for the Study of Education's…

  5. El mito de Orestes en Les mouches de Jean-Paul Sartre y El pan de todos de Alfonso Sastre: La necesidad de la acción

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Rovecchio Antón L.

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available ENIn Les mouches and El pan de todos, Jean-Paul Sartre and Alfonso Sastre speak about the mythological figure of Orestes to reveal the problems of their society. In this article I will focus on the analysis of these two plays and, more specifically, the question of the necessity of the action, which is closely linked with human freedom. A freedom based on choosing a way that leads to direct action or passivity. A choice that, in turn, becomes the essence of human being.Keywords: Jean-Paul Sartre, Alfonso Sastre, Orestes, freedom, action.  ESEn Les mouches y El pan de todos, Jean-Paul Sartre y Alfonso Sastre discurren sobre la figura mitológica de Orestes para revelarnos los problemas de la sociedad que les rodea. En este artículo me centraré en el análisis de estas dos piezas teatrales y, más concretamente, en la cuestión de la necesidad de la acción, que está íntimamente ligada con la libertad del hombre. Una libertad que se basa en la elección de un camino que lleva a la actuación directa o a la pasividad. Una elección que, a su vez, se convierte en la esencia del ser humano.Palabras claves: Jean-Paul Sartre, Alfonso Sastre, Orestes, libertad, acción.

  6. Jean Caune, La démocratisation culturelle, une médiation à bout de souffle

    OpenAIRE

    Clerc, Adeline

    2012-01-01

    Les travaux de Jean Caune, professeur émérite à l’université Stendhal de Grenoble, portent sur les pratiques esthétiques envisagées comme processus de médiation culturelle. Dans La démocratisation culturelle, une médiation à bout de souffle, il revient sur des notions et expressions trop souvent flottantes telles que « art », « culture », « démocratie culturelle », « action culturelle » et « médiation culturelle », et les met à rude épreuve en réinterrogeant leur signification à travers les é...

  7. Jean-Michel Ganteau et Christine Reynier (eds : Autonomy and Commitment in Twentieth-Century British Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Christophe MURAT

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Lancée en 2005, la collection « Present Perfect » s’est donnée pour objet de recherche la littérature, la culture et les arts britanniques modernes et contemporains. Les ouvrages, publiés par les Presses Universitaires de la Méditerranée, se composent alternativement de recueils d’articles et de monographies articulés autour de thèmes précis. C’est ainsi qu’en 2005 et 2006, la collection, dirigée par Jean-Michel Ganteau et Christine Reynier, professeurs au Département d’Etudes Anglophones de ...

  8. Da ideia de infância em Jean-Jacques Rousseau ou do "sono da razão"

    OpenAIRE

    Grumiché, Mônica Cristina Dutra

    2012-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Centro de Ciencias da Educação. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação Os pensamentos expostos no século XVIII pelo genebrino Jean-Jacques Rousseau influenciaram de maneira decisiva a forma como o Ocidente passou a perceber a infância. Este autor provocou uma verdadeira divisão de águas ao publicar Emílio ou Da Educação (1762). Com este feito, mais que balançar os alicerces educacionais da época, ele delega à criança um lugar ...

  9. Um olhar irônico sobre a Guerra Civil Espanhola: a novela O Muro, de Jean-Paul Sartre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Arbex

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda a relação de Jean-Paul Sartre com a Guerra Civil Espanhola, por meio da análise da novela intitulada “O muro”, publicada em 1939 na coletânea O muro, obra que marcou a entrada do autor no cenário literário francês. Examinamos, por um lado, como a Guerra Civil Espanhola constitui o cenário para situar as reflexões sobre o engajamento e a liberdade, observando como se manifestam na narrativa e nas personagens que vivenciam a experiência da consciência; por outro lado, constatamos que a ironia se apresenta, nessa novela, como uma resposta à contingência e ao absurdo da existência humana, questões fundamentais que serão desenvolvidas pelo filósofo em suas obras posteriores.

  10. Absurdity and being-in-itself. The third phase of phenomenology: Jean-Paul Sartre and existential psychoanalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, A

    2001-08-01

    Existentialism and phenomenology are closely linked philosophies. Existentialism preceded phenomenology and is not considered a single philosophy but several schools of thought, both theist and atheist in thinking, which grew out of a reaction to traditional philosophy. The development of phenomenology is divided into three separate phases ultimately merging with existentialism. Following Second World War, the phenomenological movement gained momentum in France and encompassed many of the ideas of Edmund Husserl and Martin Heidegger. Gabriel Marcel, Maurice Merlieu-Ponty and, notably, Jean-Paul Sartre established a 'third phase' of phenomenology. This paper explores some of Sartre's ideas related to being and later applications through Medard Boss and R.D. Laing, and offers a short illustrative case vignette that shows the concepts as they might apply to nursing practice. Consideration is finally given to existential psychoanalysis as an applied research methodology

  11. Entre el Cielo y la Tierra. La Filosofía del Derecho de Jean Bodin y Thomas Hobbes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Misael Flores Vega

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Jean Bodin y Thomas Hobbes son dos filósofos de la política que preconizaron al Estado absolutista durante el siglo XVI, con ello sentaron los cimientos del moderno Estado europeo. Con el afán de edificar el Estado, su filosofía jurídica se enfocó a buscar el orden social mediante la instauración de un monarca absoluto que dictara leyes para encontrar obediencia. Bodin propone un monarca absoluto que se supeditara a Dios, mientras Hobbes plantea un monarca absoluto alejado del Poder divino. Las leyes que propone Bodin se originan de la voluntad de Dios, y en Hobbes las leyes provienen de la voluntad del Estado.

  12. Representation of myth in the modern world (Based on the ideas of the Frankfurt School, Roland Barthes and Jean Baudrillard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza, Esmaili

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Representations of myths in the modern world, entering into the land of the secret and complex, because the face of the myth of objectivity abstract rational and empirical knowledge of the history of Enlightenment requires a variety of tools. This paper documents the methods and theoretical ideas of borrowing three streams of thought - the Frankfurt School, Roland Barthes semiotics and Jean Baudrillard s postmodernism - Trying to change the myth in the life of modern life. In analyzing and reflecting on different ideas to redefine the modern myth, remains and regardless of all aspects of the modern world, whether in the form of an ideological myth as Frankfurt and what the extent of sometimes semiotic signifier without a signified and what approach as Baudrillard and looks more real than reality, with the hyperreal in the modern world continues to exist.

  13. Huellas en el agua: las políticas de la memoria en Un cautivo enamorado de Jean Genet

    OpenAIRE

    Balcázar Moreno, Melina

    2010-01-01

    Frente a la gestión de las prácticas del duelo por el Estado —como los monumentos, las ceremonias de conmemoración que clausuran el acontecimiento y hacen olvidar a los muertos y su sufrimiento—, Jean Genet se rehúsa a elaborar el duelo y somete su escritura a un “deseo de memoria”. ¿Cómo conservar las huellas del amigo muerto? ¿Cómo transformar su muerte en una afirmación de la vida que no implique una negación de la muerte? Ya que, para él, no basta con recordar a los muertos, con regresar ...

  14. Denis Billote, Le vocabulaire de la traduction par Jean de Meun de la Consolatio philosophiae de Boèce

    OpenAIRE

    Bertrand, Olivier

    2008-01-01

    L’ouvrage de Denis Billotte suscite l’intérêt pour deux raisons principales. La première concerne exclusivement les procédés de «translation» au Moyen Âge à partir d’un ouvrage-source écrit en latin au VIe siècle, la Consolatio Philosophiae de Boèce, et de sa traduction en langue vernaculaire au XIIIe siècle par Jean de Meun. Les deux lexiques exhaustifs français-latin et latin-français permettent de comprendre très facilement les enjeux des équivalences lexicales et montrent bien la manière ...

  15. Pascal Pansu, Nicole Dubois, Jean-Léon Beauvois, Dis-moi qui te cite et je saurai

    OpenAIRE

    Peltier, Claire

    2014-01-01

    À la lecture de l’ouvrage, on ne peut s’empêcher de penser à la difficulté évoquée par Pierre Bourdieu dans Homo academicus (Paris, Éd. de Minuit, 1984, p. 11) de conduire une réflexion critique et distanciée au sujet d’« un monde social dans lequel on est pris ». C’est pourtant l’exercice auquel se prêtent Pascal Pansu, Nicole Dubois et Jean-Léon Beauvois dans le livre, même si celui-ci constitue plus un état des lieux des principes qui gouvernent la scientométrie, qu’une diatribe sociologiq...

  16. The Oldham Notebooks: an analysis of the development of IVF 1969–1978. V. The role of Jean Purdy reassessed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin H. Johnson

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The role of Jean Purdy in the work leading to the birth of Louise Brown is assessed. We report that Purdy: (i recorded and organized most of the data systematically; (ii probably spent longer working in Oldham than did Edwards; (iii whilst there, was primarily responsible for organizing laboratory supplies, including media preparation and testing; (iv was involved in patient care; and (v was a major source of support to Edwards. We find that Purdy, despite her nursing qualification, was not involved in laparoscopic egg retrieval and clinical aspects, but was focused on basic research activities. The evidence on who was present at embryo transfers is less clear, but suggests that Edwards was present for all, whereas Purdy may have been absent for some. Overall, we conclude that Purdy’s role was a highly significant and under-appreciated element in the achievement of IVF in Oldham.

  17. Do uso das paixões ou a psicopatologia de Jean-François Senault (1641

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo José Carvalho da Silva

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo objetiva apresentar a definição de paixões da alma e seus empregos possíveis defendida pelo oratoriano francês Jean-François Senault (1599/1604-1672, em seu De l’usage des passions, publicado em 1641. Analisa-se a tradição cultural em que a obra se insere e como ela dialoga com os saberes sobre as paixões em vigor naquele período. Com base na psicologia aristotélico-tomista e influências agostinianas, Senault valoriza a natureza passional do humano, o que é de grande interesse para os estudos em psicopatologia.

  18. Application of Jean Piaget's theory of human development for nursing children in an adult intensive therapy unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, A

    1991-12-01

    Piaget (1964) believed that interaction with the environment has a large part to play in human development. Matthew (1986) states that in an ideal world critically ill children should be cared for by staff trained in paediatrics, within designated paediatric intensive therapy units. Unfortunately, there are only 28 paediatric intensive therapy units in Great Britain (CMA Medical Data, 1987), consequently each year a third of children requiring intensive care are admitted to adult intensive therapy units (ITU). A knowledge and understanding of developmental psychology can therefore be beneficial to nurses in assessing which stage of development a child has reached, in order to plan the correct level of stimulation, and hence facilitate progress rather than regression in the accomplishment of developmental tasks. The psychological and social processes involved in Jean Piaget's (1896-1980) theory of human development are discussed with regard to nursing children requiring intubation and ventilation in an adult ITU.

  19. Jean-Martin Charcot, father of modern neurology: an homage 120 years after his death.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Marleide da Mota; Engelhardt, Eliasz

    2013-10-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot was a pioneer in a variety of subjects, including nervous system diseases; anatomy; physiology; pathology; and diseases of ageing, joints, and lungs. His medical achievements were mainly based on his anatomopathological proficiency, his observation, and his personal thoroughness that favored the delineation of the nosology of the main neurological diseases, including multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, peroneal muscular atrophy, and hysteria/epilepsy. The link of this anatomoclinical method with iconographic representations and theatrical lessons, and the rich bibliographical documentations, carried out in a crowded barn for diseased people--Salpetrière Hospital, were the basis of his achievements, which are still discussed 120 years after his death.

  20. Élisée RECLUS. Géographe, anarchiste, écologiste, Jean-Didier VINCENT, 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Marre

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Lire la biographie d'un géographe écrite par un non géographe est un grand plaisir ! Jean-Didier VINCENT, comme Élisée RECLUS, est natif, de Sainte-Foy-la-Grande. C'est peut être la raison pour laquelle il s'est lancé dans cette biographie hommage qui, comme il l'écrit lui-même en fin de son ouvrage est "une histoire d'amour". On citera les dernières lignes de son livre, qui donnent tout l'objectif de cet ouvrage : "J'ai voulu écrire une histoire d'amour. L'œuvre d'Élisée RECLUS a suscité bie...

  1. Muerte y transfiguración de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, filósofo y músico

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Con frecuencia se olvida, cuando no se ignora, que Jean-Jacques Rousseau fue teórico de la música y músico. Sus escritos teórico-especulativos sobre música fueron los que le permitieron en una primera etapa darse a conocer y establecer los primeros lazos de amistad con Diderot y D'Alembert, que le requirieron en 1749, cuando ya había publicado la Disertación sobre la música moderna (1743), su primer libro, para que escribiera los artículos de música para la Encyclopédie. Contribuyó con más de...

  2. Naked, Deformed, Violated Body. A Montage in the Histoire(s du cinema of Jean-Luc Godard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Brodesco

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses Histoire(s du cinéma (1988-1998, a cinematic essay by Jean-Luc Godard, and in particular it focuses on the controversial montage in which the French director aligns extracts from a pornographic film, Tod Browning’s Freaks, and footage from the concentration camps. With this sequence Godard inquires his own theory of montage: the idea of a productive reconciliation between opposing realities. This shocking sequence (the violence of images is compared to a similar shock (the violence of asking to witness produced by a scene of the documentary Shoah by Claude Lanzmann. The trauma of Godard’s editing choice induces the viewer to examine the issues of the degradation of the indexical status of the film, the limits of representation and the ethics of the gaze.

  3. ‘Domestic utility and useful lines: Jean-Charles Krafft’s and Thomas Hope’s outlines’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexis H. Cohen

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Through a study of design publications by the architect and draughtsman, Jean-Charles Krafft (1764-1833, and aristocrat and designer Thomas Hope (1769-1831, this paper examines how Neoclassicism’s material products – its architecture and objects of interior design – participated in an intellectual history of utility c. 1800. This paper gives special attention to the outline drawing, arguing that its graphic idiom is an integral feature of Krafft and Hope’s work, linking the value they ascribe to useful buildings and objects to ideas about how the lines of their illustrations were to participate both in design processes and in the promotion of neoclassical aesthetics.

  4. The road to universal logic festschrift for 50th birthday of Jean-Yves Béziau

    CERN Document Server

    Buchsbaum, Arthur

    2015-01-01

    This is the first volume of a collection of papers in honor of the fiftieth birthday of Jean-Yves Béziau. These 25 papers have been written by internationally distinguished logicians, mathematicians, computer scientists, linguists and philosophers, including Arnon Avron, John Corcoran, Wilfrid Hodges, Laurence Horn, Lloyd Humbertsone, Dale Jacquette, David Makinson, Stephen Read, and Jan Woleński. It is a state-of-the-art source of cutting-edge studies in the new interdisciplinary field of universal logic. The papers touch upon a wide range of topics including combination of logic, non-classical logic, square and other geometrical figures of opposition, categorical logic, set theory, foundation of logic, philosophy and history of logic (Aristotle, Avicenna, Buridan, Schröder, MacColl). This book offers new perspectives and challenges in the study of logic and will be of interest to all students and researchers interested the nature and future of logic.

  5. Gilles Lipovetsky, Jean Serroy, L’esthétisation du Monde. Vivre à l’âge du capitalisme artiste

    OpenAIRE

    Aubrun, Frédéric

    2014-01-01

    Après s’être intéressé au « paradigme individualiste » dans L’Ère du vide (1983), Gilles Lipovetsky aborde ici le « paradigme esthétique » à travers le passage d’un capitalisme centré sur la production à un capitalisme d’hyperconsommation, transesthétique. Il s’agit cette fois-ci d’un travail à quatre mains, coécrit avec Jean Serroy. La pensée de Lipovetsky est immédiatement reconnaissable et plaira aux fidèles lecteurs du philosophe. Celle-ci se distingue par sa façon complexe d’aborder la s...

  6. Romantic Relationships and their Transformation in the Reflexive Society. Themes and Methods in Jean-Claude Kaufmann’s Surveys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavinia Alexe

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The process of individualization, associated with reflexive modernity, which assumes that individualactions are legitimized as a result of increased reflexivity, produces major changes in the universe oflove action. Following Anthony Giddens (1992, who observed that increased autonomy andreflexivity were both elements that have shaken the romantic love, Jean-Claude Kaufmann noticesthe deep changes occurring in the way in which romantic relations are experienced - while this typeof transformation happens slower in respect to love imagery. The space, a world increasingly strayedfrom traditions, opens up glorious new opportunities for individual autonomy and self-realization(Mottier, 2007, creating, at the same time, unprecedented pressures on long-term relationships, asmore and more women and men choose to live alone.

  7. Reproductive attitudes of couples having a child with cystic fibrosis in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (Quebec, Canada).

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Braekeleer, M; Bellis, G; Rault, G; Allard, C; Milot, M; Simard, F

    2000-01-01

    Cystic fibrosis (CF) has a high incidence (1/936 live births) and carrier rate (1/15 inhabitants) in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean. One objective of a major enquiry among several subsets of individuals from this high-risk population for CF was to evaluate the reproductive behaviour of couples with a CF child attending the comprehensive CF clinic in Chicoutimi. The knowledge of the recurrence risk resulted in deciding against further progeny or in reducing the number of children. More reliable contraception methods after the birth of the CF child, but not prenatal diagnosis, were used. Although a minority of parents with a CF child would abort a CF foetus, they apparently started viewing pregnancy interruption for CF after prenatal diagnosis as an acceptable reproductive option.

  8. Genetic epidemiology of lipoprotein lipase deficiency in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (Québec, Canada).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dionne, C; Gagné, C; Julien, P; Murthy, M R; Lambert, M; Roederer, G; Davignon, J; Hayden, M R; Lupien, P J; de Braekeleer, M

    1992-01-01

    Familial hyperchylomicronemia due to the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity deficiency (Type I hyperlipoproteinemia) is an autosomal recessive disorder with a prevalence estimated at one case per million. Thirty-four type I individuals are known in Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean (SLSJ), a geographically isolated region of Quebec. The prevalence of type I and LPL deficient heterozygote in this region was estimated at 1/6382 and 1/46 inhabitants respectively. The mean inbreeding coefficient was slightly elevated in the type I group compared with three control groups. The mean kinship coefficient was 15.1 times higher in the type I group than in the control groups. The high prevalence of type I in SLSJ appears to be the result of the emigration of carriers of LPL deficiency from Charlevoix, another isolated region of quebec to the SLSJ region. Endogamy also played a crucial role in increasing the prevalence of type I in SLSJ.

  9. Figuras de "lo común" en el pensamiento estético de Jean-Luc Nancy

    OpenAIRE

    Massó Castilla, Jordi

    2016-01-01

    Las “figuras de lo común” es la denominación que damos a aquellos conceptos creados por el filósofo francés Jean-Luc Nancy en los que está presente la “ontología del con”. Esta toma como punto de partida la noción de Mitsein (ser-con), esbozada por Martin Heidegger en su obra Ser y tiempo, pero dejada sin desarrollar, a juicio de Nancy. Esta investigación analiza de la mano de este último el hecho ontológico de que el ser siempre es-con los demás, un ser que no debe comprenderse como una sust...

  10. Traducció i reescriptura de la cansó occitana al Roman de la Rose de Jean Renart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simó, Meritxell

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Ever since its inception, the French roman narrative genre has experienced several processes of integration of fin’amors vocabulary and of themes and topics from troubadour lyric. The influence of Occitan troubadour poetry on medieval French narrative accentuates during the thirteenth century, occasionally materialising in lyric quotations within narrative texts. The aim of this work is to analyse the adaptation of troubadour love ethics to the pro-marriage and monarchic ideals of the twelfth and thirteenth-century French roman. This purpose will be served by the study of translation and resemantisation of fin’amors words carried out by Jean Renart, the first author to introduce lyric quotations in French narrative.[ct] La penetració del lèxic de la fin’amors i de temes i motius procedents de la lírica trobadoresca en la narrativa francesa és palesa des dels orígens mateixos del gènere roman. La influència del moviment trobadoresc occità sobre la narrativa francesa medieval s’accentua al segle XIII i es concreta en alguns casos en la presència de cites líriques en textos narratius. La intenció del nostre treball és analitzar l’adaptació de l’ideari amorós trobadoresc a l’ètica matrimonialista i monàrquica que caracteritza el roman francès dels segles XII i XIII a través de l’estudi de la traducció i la resemantització del lèxic de la fin’amors a mans de Jean Renart, el primer a introduir cites líriques a la narrativa francesa.

  11. Câncer e o sujeito em psicoterapia: horizontes de trabalho na perspectiva existencialista de Jean-Paul Sartre Cancer and the subject in psychotherapy: work horizons from the Jean-Paul Sartre existentialist perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabíola Langaro

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta o relato de um processo psicoterápico realizado com Sofia, uma mulher de 36 anos em tratamento médico para um câncer de mama. Com base na teoria existencialista de Jean-Paul Sartre, compreendeu-se a doença como geradora de mudanças significativas em seu projeto de ser pelas alterações provocadas em suas relações e, consequentemente, em sua experiência de ser quem é. A partir disto, o objetivo principal do processo foi viabilizar Sofia a partir das diferentes condições e horizontes existenciais impostos pela doença, sem esquecer que experiências de sofrimento a atingiram em toda sua história e complexidade e não somente aquelas circunscritas à ocorrência do câncer. Finalizado o processo psicoterápico, considera-se que foi possível reorganizar seu projeto de ser, na medida em que se possibilitou a ela compreender aspectos importantes da trajetória que havia percorrido e ainda de suas possibilidades concretas no presente e para seu futuro.This article presents a report of a psychotherapy process conducted with Sofia, a woman of 36 years old, carrying through a medical treatment for breast cancer. Based on the existentialist theory of Jean-Paul Sartre, the cancer was considered as provoking significant changes in her being project, mainly caused by changes in her relationships and, consequently, in her experience of being who she was. From this, the main objective of the process was feasible Sofia from different horizons and existential conditions imposed by the disease, without forgetting that reached the experiences of suffering in all its history and complexity, and not only limited to the occurrence of cancer. Finished the psychotherapeutic process, it is considered that it was possible to rearrange Sofia being project, as it enabled her to understand important aspects of the path she had trod and yet her specific possibilities in the present and her future.

  12. La Sentence de Jean Genet : expérience du journal, journal de l’expérience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Liano

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Publié récemment La Sentence de Jean Genet est pour de multiples raisons un texte de transition : il marque non seulement la transition littéraire entre le théâtre genétien et Un captif amoureux, ou la transition politique entre le Black Panther Party et les Palestiniens, mais il marque plus significativement la transition entre une période d'écriture journalistique et le retour à la fiction. Nous utiliserons les liens alors récents entre Genet et la presse pour lire La Sentence comme un texte porteur de la marque d'un refus : le refus d'un choix clair entre écriture littéraire et écriture journalistique. A l'aide d'une étude de la mise en page du texte autant que de son contenu, nous montrerons que l'intégration de la presse dans l'écriture littéraire, loin de marquer la dégradation du style genétien, permet une revitalisation proprement créative de ce dernier. The recently published La Sentence by Jean Genet is in many ways a transitory text: indeed, it represents a literary transition from his theatre to Un captif amoureux; a political transition from the Black Panther Party to the Palestinians; and more importantly a transition from a period in which the author mainly practiced journalism to a return to fiction. Using the recently established link between Genet and the newspapers as a key element to analyse La Sentence, we will argue that the undefined status of this text is due to the writer’s refusal of a clear choice between the two types of writings he has been performing. Drawing on the implications of this choice, through a study both of the content and of the page layout chosen by Genet, we will detect how bringing press models into literary writing should be perceived not as a degradation of Genet’s style, but as a highly creative way to refresh it.

  13. Adding a hydroelectric power station to the public water supply of St-Jean; Projet de construction d'une centrale hydraulique sur le reservoir principal de la commune de St-Jean. Etude d'avant projet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perruchoud, A. [Sierre Energie SA, Sierre (Switzerland); Denis, V. [MHyLab, Montcherand (Switzerland)

    2005-07-01

    Drinking water for the community of St-Jean, southwestern Switzerland is collected at three different locations with altitudes of 2004, 1998 and 1958 m respectively, and is fed into a common chamber at 1933 m. The project foresees the construction of an intermediate reservoir at the elevation of 1460 m, the total hydraulic head of 473 m being used to drive a Pelton turbine of 110 kW nominal power. The useful net height difference after deduction of the pressure drop in the piping is 373 meters at a typical water flow rate of 0.034 m{sup 3}/s. At this flow rate the turbine efficiency is estimated to 0.89. The asynchronous generator rotates at 1500 rpm and has a nominal electric power output of 125 kW. The estimated annual production amounts to 450,000 kWh and the investment costs to 449,000 Swiss francs. Depending on the time of amortization assumed (20 to 40 years), the production cost is estimated to 0.0615 to 0.0845 Swiss francs/kWh, a value considered favorable for the realization of the project.

  14. Et kritisk bidrag til en etisk seksualpædagogik tænkt med teorier af Jacques Lacan, Jean-Luc Marion og Emmanuel Lévinas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Secher, Marianne Træbing

    2013-01-01

    Thesis. A critical contribution to an ethical sexual pedagogy through theories of Jacques Lacan, Jean-Luc Marion and Emmanuel Lévinas. In Denmark, we educate social workers, social pedagogues, and health workers in sexology.27 The state presents its view on how to get sexuality on the agenda...... becomes a question of whether or not you have acted in accordance with your desires - this question, which Lacan poses, goes for both the mentally ill and the pedagogical sexologist. It is to be understood as whether or not you are willing to overcome your resistance and put your desire under analysis......, understand and comprehend. Here a new phenomenology by Jean Luc Marion is introduced, a theory of saturated phenomena. It merges this with Lacans concept of things that do not exist and Lévinas’ theory of desire of infinity. The paper wishes to analyze Lévinas and Lacan with Marion in an attempt to find new...

  15. Vanaf laat-strukturalisme na post- strukturalisme: ’n Kontekstualisering van Jean-François Lyotard se Discours, Figure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johann Beukes

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available From late-structuralism to post-structuralism: A contextualization of Jean-François Lyotard’s Discours, FigureIn this article the post-structuralist legacy of French philosopher Jean-François Lyotard (1924-1998 is being surveyed with specific regard to his first major publication, Discours, Figure (1971. The initial impact of this text on the post-structuralist debate is being explored, as well as the way in which it brought Lyotard in direct confrontation with Jacques Derrida, the then mainstream representative of (late structuralism, with specific regard to Lyotard’s battle against the “imperialism of the text” and his own critical departure from phenomenology.

  16. Denis Foulechat, Éthique chrétienne et philosophie antique. Le Policratique de Jean de Salisbury, Livres VI et VII

    OpenAIRE

    Pastore, Graziella

    2016-01-01

    Le Policraticus: de nugis curialium et vestigiis philosophorum de Jean de Salisbury (1159) fait partie des ouvrages qui s’intéressent à des aspects précis du gouvernement d’un royaume embrassant des problèmes à la fois politiques et moraux. En 1372, le frère mineur Denis Foulechat a transposé la pensée de Jean en moyen français, tout en laissant apercevoir les analogies et les contrastes entre la société de l’époque d’Henri II Plantagenêt et celle du milieu du règne de Charles V, ainsi qu’en ...

  17. When the Jeans don't fit: How stellar feedback drives stellar kinematics and complicates dynamical modeling in low-mass galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    El-Badry, Kareem; Geha, Marla; Quataert, Eliot; Hopkins, Philip F; Kereš, Dusan; Chan, T K; Faucher-Giguère, Claude-André

    2016-01-01

    In low-mass galaxies, stellar feedback can drive gas outflows that generate non-equilibrium fluctuations in the gravitational potential. Using cosmological zoom-in baryonic simulations from the Feedback in Realistic Environments (FIRE) project, we investigate how these fluctuations affect stellar kinematics and the reliability of Jeans dynamical modeling in low-mass galaxies. We find that stellar velocity dispersion and anisotropy profiles fluctuate significantly over the course of galaxies' starburst cycles. We therefore predict an observable correlation between star formation rate and stellar kinematics: dwarf galaxies with higher recent star formation rates should have systemically higher stellar velocity dispersions. This prediction provides an observational test of the role of stellar feedback in regulating both stellar and dark-matter densities in dwarf galaxies. We find that Jeans modeling, which treats galaxies as virialized systems in dynamical equilibrium, overestimates a galaxy's dynamical mass dur...

  18. Lühike panegüürika Lauri Leesist : temale pühendatud näituse avamise puhul Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus 18. jaanuaril 2002 / Jean-Jacques Subrenat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Subrenat, Jean-Jacques

    2002-01-01

    Prantsuse suursaadiku Eestis Jean-Jacques Subrenat sõnavõtt Rahvusraamatukogu humanitaarteaduste saalis ja Prantsuse saali galeriis näituse "Lauri Leesi kui prantsuse kultuuri ja keele vahendaja Eestis" avamise puhul

  19. Lühike panegüürika Lauri Leesist : temale pühendatud näituse avamise puhul Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus 18. jaanuaril 2002 / Jean-Jacques Subrenat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Subrenat, Jean-Jacques

    2002-01-01

    Prantsuse suursaadiku Eestis Jean-Jacques Subrenat sõnavõtt Rahvusraamatukogu humanitaarteaduste saalis ja Prantsuse saali galeriis näituse "Lauri Leesi kui prantsuse kultuuri ja keele vahendaja Eestis" avamise puhul

  20. Temperature, salinity, nutrients, oxygen, chlorophyll and other measurements found in dataset SISMER taken from the VAUBAN, JEAN CHARCOT (FNOY) and other platforms in the South Pacific, Coastal North Atlantic and other locations from 1983 to 2007 (NODC Accession 0046621)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature, salinity, nutrients, oxygen, chlorophyll and other measurements found in CTD and OSD datasets taken from the VAUBAN, JEAN CHARCOT (FNOY) and other...

  1. ¿Resistencia intelectual y apoyo pasivo de Vichy? Reflexiones sobre una paradoja en el itinerario de Jean-Paul Sartre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Galster

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available La actitud de Jean-Paul Sartre durante la Ocupación alemana sigue siendo la materia de muchos debates nutridos por clichés. Mientras que sus detractores en los medios (como últimamente Michel Onfray pintan la imagen de un arribista que se hizo aplaudir en el teatro por oficiales nazis y periodistas colaboracionistas, sus hagiógrafos defienden a un resistente sin mancha. El presente estudio corrige estas representaciones esquemáticas para proponer, fundamentado en documentos, un retrato complejo. Tiene en cuenta tanto la mala reputación que tuvo Sartre con razón en el  campo de la ideología dominante como el hecho de que escribió su literatura de resistencia ocupando el puesto de un colega judío excluído de la Educación Nacional por el regimen antisemita de Vichy.Palabras clave: Jean-Paul Sartre, Ocupación alemana, Vichy, Resistencia, legislación antisemita______________________Abstract:Jean-Paul Sartre’s attitude during the German Occupation of France is still the matter of numerous discussions full of stereotypes. Whereas his detractors in the French media (currently for instance Michel Onfray paint the image of an arriviste who accepted to be applauded, on stage, by nazi officers and collaborating journalists, his hagiographers defend a resister without stain. The present study’s aim is to correct these schematic representations; it proposes a complex portrait based on documents. It takes into account the bad reputation Sartre enjoyed with complete justification in the area of dominant ideology as well as the economic basis on which he wrote his literature of resistance: the position inherited from a Jewish colleage excluded from the National Education by the anti-Semitic Vichy regime.Keywords: Jean-Paul Sartre, German Occupation, Vichy, Resistance, anti-Semitic laws

  2. Dominique-Jean Larrey, chief surgeon of the French Army with Napoleon in Egypt: notes and observations on Larrey's medical memoirs based on the Egyptian campaign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, Mary Mendenhall

    2008-01-01

    Dr. Dominique-Jean Larrey wrote memoirs of 12 diseases he encountered while serving as chief surgeon of the French army during Napoleon's Egyptian campaign. He describes symptoms and treatments, evaluates remedies used by the Egyptians, and the effects of the climate. Of interest are his original though misguided explanations of causes of sickness or complications from wounds as well as descriptions of medications--now known to be dangerous--but all balanced by his common sense and efforts to ameliorate suffering.

  3. The Pigment Analysis of 18th Century Pastel Paintings by Maurice-Quentin de La Tour (1704-1788) and Jean Valade (1710-1787)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gombaud, Cecile; Buti, David; Nielsen, Johanne Marie

    Pastel paintings are rarely studied unless they are unframed [1-3]. The conservation treatment of three French pastel portraits by Maurice-Quentin de La Tour (1704-1788) and Jean Valade (1710-1787) at the paper conservation studio of the National Museum of Sweden gave the opportunity to study the...... Proceedings II, 2014: p. 31-45. [4] Chaperon, P.R., Traite de la peinture au pastel, 1788....

  4. Filosofía del cuerpo de Jean-Luc Nancy y Bioética de la trasplantología

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Quesada Rodríguez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta un análisis ético de la donación y trasplante de órganos a partir de la filosofía del cuerpo de Jean-Luc Nancy comprendida como ontología narrativa, considerando la noción antropológica que subyace en la historia de la trasplantología.

  5. LA METÁFORA DEL LAZO SOCIAL EN JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU Y ÉMILE DURKHEIM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Alvaro

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo es un aporte teórico para la comprensión de la metáfora del lazo social. En sentido amplio, esta remite a la unión entre los individuos y a las diferentes formas que asume la identidad colectiva (“Estado”, “nación”, “pueblo”, etc. en el seno de una sociedad determinada. En las últimas décadas ha llegado a convertirse en un tropo central en el ámbito de las ciencias sociales y las humanidades, aunque sus primeras apariciones se remontan a varios siglos atrás. En el artículo nos proponemos los siguientes objetivos: por un lado, analizar comparativamente los distintos usos y significados de esta metáfora en los discursos pioneros de Jean-Jacques Rousseau y Émile Durkheim —dos autores que además de haberla utilizado con frecuencia, le asignaron un papel fundamental en sus respectivas teorías—; y por otro lado, indagar en las implicaciones más generales de esta metáfora en tres planos de análisis diferenciados: el axiológico o valorativo, el epistemológico y el ontológico.

  6. Effect of ion radiative cooling on Jeans instability of partially ionized dusty plasma with dust charge fluctuation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Prerana; Patidar, Archana

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, the effect of ion radiative cooling on the gravitational instability of dusty plasma is studied, incorporating dust charge fluctuation with dust-neutral, neutral-ion, and ion-neutral collisions. The basic equations are linearized using normal mode analysis to obtain a general dispersion relation. The general dispersion relation is analytically and numerically discussed to explain the role of ion radiative cooling in the structure formation through gravitational instability. The Jeans collapse criteria are found to be modified due to ion and electron radiative cooling, dust charge fluctuations, and collisions effects. It is determined from the analytical and numerical calculations that the support of radiative cooling of ions drives thermal fluctuations and gives instability to the system. The electron cooling effect remains dominating over ion cooling effect, and thus, it enhances the collapse more efficiently than ion cooling effect. Although the radiative cooling is slow, it may precede the collapse in molecular cloud, which further leads to the structure formation. The present work is relevance for the structure formation in the molecular cloud.

  7. LUZ E SOMBRA: O PÚBLICO E O PRIVADO EM JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU E HANNAH ARENDT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karlfriedrich Herb

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Tanto Jean Jacques Rousseau como Hannah Arendt desenvolvem seus ideais de república no conceito de luz e sombra. O artigo focaliza o dado obscuro da república: a esfera privada do cidadão. De acordo com a lógica interna das duas teorias, a arqueologia da vida privada começa com um conceito do político. Ambos os autores são céticos com relação à concepção moderna da vida privada como uma prioridade. Eles tendem a concordar mais com a teoria política clássica. Hannah Arendt restaura a separação aristotélica entre Polis e Oikos, as esferas privada e pública. Rousseau, porém, quer uma unidade politica ao estilo platônico. A república exige a completa transparência tanto da vida pública quanto da privada.

  8. Notre-Dame des Fleurs et Miracle de la rose, de Jean Genet. L’écriture mise au secret

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pascaline Hamon

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Notre-Dame des Fleurs et Miracle de la Rose sont les deux romans que Jean Genet a composés durant des périodes d’incarcération. La fiction se veut alors non seulement un remède à la solitude carcérale et à la marginalisation de son auteur, mais également un lieu de dévoilement des pratiques d’écriture propres à l’univers carcéral. Le roman tout entier se trouve dès lors habité d’une tension entre la liberté créatrice, qui fait la part belle aux provocations de l’auteur et à l’expression de ses fantasmes et un enfermement contraignant, qui pèse comme une menace sur la possibilité d’écrire.Our Lady of the Flowers and Miracle of the Rose were written during Genet’s time of imprisonment. The fictional narrative operates not only as a remedy to the experience of solitude and marginalization, but also brings the practice of prison writings into focus. The novels are haunted by a tension between a creative freedom which can launch provocations and phantasms, and the constraint of imprisonment, which threatens the very possibility of writing.

  9. Argumentación y lógica natural: la propuesta de Jean-Blaise Grize

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Gutiérrez Vidrio

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad presenciamos un renovado interés en el análisis de los discursos argumentativos. La argumentación forma parte de nuestra vida cotidiana. En cualquier situación que uno piense está presente. Cada uno de nosotros, en diferentes momentos y diferentes circunstancias es llevado a argumentar sobre los pros y los contras de una idea, una opinión, una elección o una decisión. Existen diferentes enfoques teóricos para el estudio de la argumentación que se fundamentan en diferentes visiones y definiciones de su objeto de estudio, sus métodos y sus objetivos. El propósito de este texto es presentar una propuesta teórico-metodológica de la argumentación poco difundida en América Latina que puede ser de gran utilidad para analizar todo tipo de textos. Esta es la que presenta Jean-Blaise Grize, líder de la escuela de Neuchâtel, la cual está basada en la lógica natural del lenguaje; una lógica vista como proceso, caracterizada por operaciones discursivas aplicadas a nociones, capaces tanto de denotar como de designar.

  10. Jean-Claude Michéa’s Populism or “with the Left against the Left”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anca SIMITOPOL

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses Jean-Claude Michéa‟s populism, centered on the triad: liberalism versus socialism, progress versus tradition, and intellectuals versus people. Michéa maintains that, in order to grasp the dynamics of the modern world, in the aftermath of the Industrial Revolution, we need to understand first of all two things. The first is that liberalism is the ideology that continually erodes tradition. The second is that ever since economy has been disembedded from the network of social relations, it has become an end in itself. Thus, capitalism, the economic form of liberalism, represents now an allembracing ideology that governs social relations. According to Michéa, the only way out of capitalist regimentation is offered by the political thought of some of the early nineteenth-century socialists and by the political philosophy inspired by it and developed by thinkers like George Orwell or Charles Péguy. Michéa‟s political thought rests on Orwell‟s concept of “common decency”, which institutes the exchange of friendship and generosity. Michéa argues that “common decency” is rooted in “ordinary people”, and that any attempt of the Left to fight capitalism can be successful in so far as it returns to the people. Its refusal to do so can encourage society to turn towards far-right parties.

  11. [Crossed paths of two pharmacists in the French Resistance: Jean-François Salomon and Paul-Antoine Joanny].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, Hélène

    2015-06-01

    Born in 1922, Jean-François Salomon--originating from Erstein (Bas-Rhin)--and Paul-Antoine Joanny--originating from Besse-en-Chandesse (Puy-de-Dôme)--begin together their higher education at the "full exercise school of pharmacy" of the University of Clermont-Ferrand (where the University of Strasbourg found refuge from 1940 to 1945). They met again for their officinal initiation training period at the same pharmacist, Mr. Robin, who helped them join the Resistance fighters. They entered thus the movement "Combat". After the war, they kept close family ties--since J.-F. Salomon married in 1949 Yvette Lucienne Joanny, precisely P.-A. Joanny's sister--as well as a shared geographical attachment, in as far as both of them set up as pharmacists in the Auvergne. J.-F. Salomon fulfilled even heavy responsabilities for the National pharmaceutical association in his region of adoption, whereas P.-A. Joanny annexed to his own pharmacy two herbalist's shops without holder.

  12. "Mathematics made no contribution to the public weal": why Jean Fernel (1497-1558) became a physician.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, John

    2011-01-01

    This paper offers a caution that emphasis upon the importance of mathematics in recent historiography is in danger of obscuring the historical fact that, for the most part, mathematics was not seen as important in the pre-modern period. The paper proceeds by following a single case study, and in so doing offers the first account of the mathematical writings of Jean Fernel (1497-1558), better known as a leading medical innovator of the 16th century. After establishing Fernel's early commitment to mathematics, and attempt to forge a career as a cosmographer, it goes on to explain his abandonment of mathematics for a career in medicine. The 'mathematization of the world picture' is usually explained in terms of the perceived usefulness of mathematics, but Fernel's case shows that for many pre-modern thinkers, mathematics was not regarded as a useful pursuit. The paper should serve as a reminder, therefore, that the take-up of mathematics by natural philosophers was by no means inevitable, but had to be carefully managed by early modern mathematical practitioners. The case of Fernel indicates that perhaps he was not the only would-be mathematical practitioner to abandon mathematics in favor of a calling that was more appreciated by contemporaries.

  13. Jean-Martin Charcot and art: relationship of the "founder of neurology" with various aspects of art.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogousslavsky, Julien; Boller, François

    2013-01-01

    Jean-Martin Charcot (1825-1893), the "father of neurology" in France and much beyond, was also the man who established academic psychiatry in Paris, differentiating it from clinical alienism. In his teaching, he used artistic representations from previous centuries to illustrate the historical developments of hysteria, mainly with the help of his pupil Paul Richer. Charcot liked to draw portraits (in particular, sketches of colleagues during boring faculty meetings and students' examinations), caricatures of himself and others, church sculptures, landscapes, soldiers, etc. He also used this skill in his clinical and scientific work; he drew histological or anatomic specimens, as well as patients' features and demeanor. His most daring artistic experiments were drawing under the influence of hashish. Charcot's tastes in art were conservative; he displayed no affinity for the avant-gardes of his time, including impressionism, or for contemporary musicians, such as César Franck or Hector Berlioz. Léon Daudet, son of Charcot's former friend and famous writer Alphonse Daudet, described Charcot's home as a pseudo-gothic kitsch accumulation of heteroclite pieces of furniture and materials. However, as Henry Meige wrote a few years after his mentor's death, Charcot the artist remains "inseparable from Charcot the physician."

  14. Il limite e l’altrove: il mito di Jean-Paul Belmondo nella Siberia di Andreï Makine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabetta Abignente

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The narrative work of Andreï Makine (1957, a French writer of Siberian origin, is situated on the border between two geographical and cultural spaces: on the one hand the wide, wild and snowy Siberia of his childhood; on the other hand France, a mythic place which the main characters, often teenagers, of his novels look at as a model. The contrast between these two worlds is described in a particularly forceful way in one of his early novels, Au temps du fleuve Amour (1994, in which the author tells the overwhelming effect of the screening of a popular French comedy with Jean-Paul Belmondo (Le Magnifique, 1973 in a small Siberian village. Looking closely at the entire sequence which is devoted to the film in the novel, the paper aims to reconstruct the process of mythicizing the Belmondo character by the three young protagonists and to investigate the functions that the episode covers in the novel. Focusing on the different narrative levels that characterize the film plot, we show how the “phenomenon Belmondo” embodies in the novel the idea of a triple border: a geographic one (Europe/Asia, an expressive one (writing/imagine and, above all, an imaginary one (reality/fiction. We also show how this phenomenon refers, in the novel, to one of the central themes of Makine’s work: literary vocation.

  15. Specchiarsi nello schermo. Specchio e cinema come "metafore identitarie" ne La glace à trois faces di Jean Epstein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Livio Lepratto

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The present study – starting from the analysis of La glace à trois faces (A three-sided mirror, 1927 by Jean Epstein and from several theoretical writings of the same filmmaker – aims to investigate the original function that the French author recognized the camera: not at all a simple mirror of the real, but biased witness. In the film examined Epstein‟s camera rises to the observer, in the same way as it is each fictional story told, highlighting some of the essential issues of modernity: the identity based not on a membership but on a complex game of inter-individual relations and reciprocal, the uncertainty of the gaze and the reality that does not want nor can offer a definitive interpretation. Inevitable so the calls to Pirandello, first, and his conception of character on top of the person. The reflections made by Epstein will be recovered and developed by sociologists and philosophers like Erving Goffman and Christian Metz, who, on the basis of lacaniane theories, proposes in psychoanalytic key the relationship between cinema and the mirror.

  16. Resolving the mass--anisotropy degeneracy of the spherically symmetric Jeans equation II: optimum smoothing and model validation

    CERN Document Server

    Diakogiannis, Foivos I; Ibata, Rodrigo A

    2014-01-01

    The spherical Jeans equation is widely used to estimate the mass content of a stellar systems with apparent spherical symmetry. However, this method suffers from a degeneracy between the assumed mass density and the kinematic anisotropy profile, $\\beta(r)$. In a previous work, we laid the theoretical foundations for an algorithm that combines smoothing B-splines with equations from dynamics to remove this degeneracy. Specifically, our method reconstructs a unique kinematic profile of $\\sigma_{rr}^2$ and $\\sigma_{tt}^2$ for an assumed free functional form of the potential and mass density $(\\Phi,\\rho)$ and given a set of observed line-of-sight velocity dispersion measurements, $\\sigma_{los}^2$. In Paper I (submitted to MNRAS: MN-14-0101-MJ) we demonstrated the efficiency of our algorithm with a very simple example and we commented on the need for optimum smoothing of the B-spline representation; this is in order to avoid unphysical variational behaviour when we have large uncertainty in our data. In the curren...

  17. Three-Dimensional Simulations of Parker, Magneto-Jeans, and Swing Instabilities in Shearing Galactic Gas Disks

    CERN Document Server

    Kim, W T; Stone, J M; Kim, Woong-Tae; Ostriker, Eve C.; Stone, James M.

    2002-01-01

    We use 3D MHD simulations to investigate nonlinear development of the Parker, magneto-Jeans (MJI), and swing mechanisms in galactic disks. The model disks are local, isothermal, and begin from a vertically-stratified equilibrium. We first construct axisymmetric equilibria and examine their stability. Finite disk thickness reduces the critical Toomre Q parameter below unity; we find Q_c \\~ 0.75, 0.72, and 0.57 for \\beta=\\infty, 10, and 1 cases, respectively. We then pursue fully 3D models. In non-self-gravitating cases, the peak density enhancement from the `pure' Parker instability is less a factor of two. The dominant growing modes have radial wavelengths comparable to the disk scale height H, much shorter than the azimuthal wavelength (~10-20 H). Shearing disks, being more favorable to midplane-symmetric modes, have somewhat different late-time magnetic field profiles from nonshearing disks, but otherwise saturated states are similar. Late-time velocity fluctuations at 10% of the sound speed persist, but no...

  18. A biochemically distinct form of cytochrome oxidase (COX) deficiency in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merante, F; Petrova-Benedict, R; MacKay, N; Mitchell, G; Lambert, M; Morin, C; De Braekeleer, M; Laframboise, R; Gagné, R; Robinson, B H

    1993-08-01

    We report the results of biochemical and molecular investigations on a group of patients from the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec who have an unusual form of cytochrome oxidase deficiency and Leigh disease. This group can be distinguished from the classical presentation of cytochrome oxidase deficiency with Leigh disease, by the severity of the biochemical defect in different tissues. The activity in skin fibroblasts, amniocytes, and skeletal muscle of cytochrome oxidase is 50% of normal, while in kidney and heart it is close to normal values. Brain and liver, on the other hand, have very low activities. The defect in activity appears to result from a failure of assembly of the cytochrome oxidase complex in liver, but levels of mRNA for both mitochondrially encoded and nuclear-encoded subunits in liver and skin fibroblasts were found to be the same as those in controls. The cDNA sequence of the liver-specific cytochrome oxidase subunits VIa and VIIa were determined in samples from patient liver and skin fibroblasts and showed normal coding sequence.

  19. A study of inbreeding and kinship in intracranial aneurysms in the Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean region (Quebec, Canada).

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Braekeleer, M; Pérusse, L; Cantin, L; Bouchard, J M; Mathieu, J

    1996-03-01

    The genealogies of 533 individuals with an intracranial aneurysm (IA) born in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean region, a geographically isolated area located in northeastern Quebec, were reconstructed using a population-based register. A control group consisting of three individuals of the same sex and born on the same day and in the same municipality than the IA patients was created; the genealogies of the 1599 controls were also reconstructed. The coefficients of inbreeding and kinship were calculated. Familial aggregation, i.e. the presence of IA in two or more first- to third-degree relatives, was also sought. The mean inbreeding coefficient was lower in the IA group than in the control group (7.92 x 10(-4) versus 10.04 x 10(-4)). The mean kinship coefficient was higher in the IA group than in the control group (2.17 x 10(-4) versus 1.55 x 10(-4)). Forty-eight IA patients (9.0%) were first-degree relatives compared to only 1.9% of the control individuals. The proportion of individuals showing familial aggregation was higher in the IA group than in the control group (29.8% and 18.6% respectively). These results strongly suggest that some IA are genetically determined in this population.

  20. Of two lives one? Jean-Charles-Marguerite-Guillaume Grimaud and the question of holism in vitalist medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Elizabeth A

    2008-12-01

    Montpellier vitalists upheld a medical perspective akin to modern "holism" in positing the functional unity of creatures imbued with life. While early vitalists focused on the human organism, Jean-Charles-Marguerite-Guillaume Grimaud investigated digestion, growth, and other physiological processes that human beings shared with simpler organisms. Eschewing modern investigative methods, Grimaud promoted a medically-grounded "metaphysics." His influential doctrine of the "two lives" broke with Montpellier holism, classifying some vital phenomena as "higher" and others as "lower" and attributing the "nobility" of the human species to the predominance of the former. In place of Montpellier teaching that attributed health to the holistic equilibration of vital activities, Grimaud embraced spiritualist dualisms of soul and body, Creator and created. Celebrating the divinely-ordained "wisdom" evident in involuntary physiological processes, he argued that such life functions were incomprehensible to human investigators. While Grimaud's work encouraged inquiry into the division between the central and "vegetative" nervous systems that became paradigmatic in nineteenth-century neuroscience, it also opened Montpellier vitalism to charges of conservatism and obscurantism that are still lodged against it to the present day.

  1. Soberania, lei, vontade geral e autoridade legítima segundo Do contrato social de Jean-Jacques Rousseau Soberania, lei, vontade geral e autoridade legítima segundo Do contrato social de Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Kritsch

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available

    O objetivo deste artigo é introduzir o leitor no pensamento político de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, com base nas reflexões do autor em Do contrato social. Partindo-se da distinção entre poder e autoridade, procura-se mostrar o fundamento da legitimidade e a construção do contrato social ideal. Para o filósofo genebrino, a soberania, entendida como a vontade geral em ação, constitui o fundamento mais adequado às repúblicas, regidas por leis emanadas da vontade geral, as únicas capazes de expressar os interesses gerais de um “eu comum” que não se confunde nem com a maioria nem com os particulares. Depois de apresentadas as características centrais do poder soberano, discute-se o papel do governo e da religião civil na vida politicamente organizada sob um Estado republicano.

    O objetivo deste artigo é introduzir o leitor no pensamento político de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, com base nas reflexões do autor em Do contrato social. Partindo-se da distinção entre poder e autoridade, procura-se mostrar o fundamento da legitimidade e a construção do contrato social ideal. Para o filósofo genebrino, a soberania, entendida como a vontade geral em a

  2. Filozofia a dramat, na przykładzie twórczości Jean Paul Sartre’a [Philosophy and Drama, on the Example of Jean-Paul Sartre’s Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Ros

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available As a literary work, Jean Paul Sartre’s theatrical arts gathered together in a Polishpublication namedDramaspropagates and illustrates in detail the real philosophicalmasterpiece which isBeing and Nothingness. Inspired by the author’s philosophicaldoctrine, dramas were made to show the existential thought. In that way Sartre-philosopher inBeing and Nothingnessreveals his thought in a explicative way. On theother hand, Sartre-playwright by writing dramas creates unrestricted realities whichcan be in various ways projected into the readers’ imagination, and there his generaltheses find detailed application. Philosopher wanted to show the philosophical truththrough literature, and he was very consistent about it.Being and NothingnessandDramascould be treated as sources of knowledge about his philosophy, just like hisnovels or works about his literature. Sartre uses his philosophical program to realizehis ideas for prose. It appears that philosopher did not divide the notion between“philosophical literature” and “literary philosophy”.Sartre is the creator of the theater of situations because characters from hisdramas find themselves in concrete situations and they have to make specific decisions. The dramas of the philosopher have a moralistic tone because we see inthem Sartre’s concept which says that humans may reject the role which societygave him. Man can choose the authentic existence. Philosopher’s mission was toinfluence the readers of his works. He desired to convey to people the truth abouthuman freedom. In conclusion, Sartre’s dramas are a kind of theatrical phenomenon,because as a philosopher he interested the spectator as much as an playwright.

  3. A Sociedade do Consumo, Os Media e A Comunicação nas Obras Iniciais de Jean Baudrillard Consumption Society, Medias and the Consumption Society in Jean Baudrillard Initial Works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarcyanie Cajueiro Santos

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Este texto objetiva refletir sobre as relações entre comunicação e consumo tomando como referência os livros de Baudrillard: O sistema dos objetos, A sociedade de consumo e Para uma crítica da economia política do signo, pois eles apontam para um período de transição, em que o autor busca combinar as teorias do signo com as críticas marxistas do capitalismo. Do ponto de vista teórico, o marxismo é substituído pela semiologia, e, do ponto de vista social, a técnica e o consumo tornam-se centrais na vida das pessoas. A partir daí, procura-se analisar a pertinência teórica destes enfoques, levando em consideração a sociedade mediática.This text aims to reflect on the relations between communication and consumption by taking as reference the books of Jean Baudrillard: The System of Objects, The Consumer Society and For a Critique of Political Economy of the Sign, which are representative of transition period when the author tries to combine the theories of the sign with the Marxist critics of capitalism. From a theoretical standpoint, Marxism is replaced by semiotics, and from the social point of view, technique and consumption have become central to people’s lives. From there, we try to analyze the theoretical relevance of these approaches, considering the media society.

  4. “Inscrutable Intelligence”: The Case against Plastic Surgery in the Works of Jean Stafford and Sylvia Plath

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercè Cuenca

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Jean Stafford’s short story “The Interior Castle” (1946 and Sylvia Plath’s “Face Lift” and “The Plaster”, written in the early 1960s but published posthumously in Crossing the Water (1971, dwell on a theme which is rarely tackled in Postwar American literature: plastic surgery. Using a markedly mnemonic tone, both authors trace in detail the passive submission of female bodies to male (reconstruction. While the history of women in early Cold War America is usually associated with the patriarchal mystifying of housewifery, the myth of ideal, domestic femininity was also intimately related to bodily beauty. The demand for physical “perfection” which resulted from constructing women as, primarily, objects of male desire was mirrored in popular magazines, such as Ladies’ Home Journal, which endorsed women’s seeking medical aid to model themselves into “ideal” sexual mates (Meyerowitz in Meyerowitz ed., 244. Women’s submission to the notion that they should use any means necessary to become aesthetic objects to be appraised by men was thus represented as desirable. In this paper, I shall trace how both Stafford and Plath adopted a confessional style of writing in the abovementioned pieces in order to denounce the cultural construction of women as passive bodies to be moulded at will, instead of as active, thinking subjects. I shall argue that by reproducing the recollections and thoughts of the women being stitched, sewn and bandaged in their pieces, both authors articulated an alternative protofeminist aesthetics based on the beauty of what Stafford described as “inscrutable intelligence”.

  5. Jean Grosjean : de l’élégie divine à une plainte sans sujet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy Auroux

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Hantée par le retrait du divin, la poésie de Jean Grosjean chante la perte du dieu et la solitude du sujet. Trois recueils, séparés de plus de trente ans, nous permettent d’examiner les modalités variées de la plainte élégiaque, depuis la grande déploration oratoire jusqu’à un murmure proche du silence, et les figures du sujet lyrique dont elle construit l’image. Dans Apocalypse (1962, s’élève la voix du Créateur qui pleure la perte de son fils, voué à l’aliénation et à la mort par sa venue au monde, lamento auquel répond celui du Christ en croix, puis celui du fidèle abandonné dont la parole vise à conjurer l’absence. Élégies (1967 renvoie à la posture plus classique du deuil, où le sujet lyrique déplore la perte de la femme passionnément aimée, mais l’énonciation ébauche à l’arrière-plan une perte plus radicale, celle du divin. Dans Nathanaël enfin (1995, le sujet semble s’effacer devant la contemplation quasi muette du monde, d’une nature d’où Dieu s’est absenté, en proie au vertige du mouvement et du temps, et l’énoncé souvent impersonnel dessine en creux l’image d’un sage, entre résignation et acquiescement.

  6. A genomewide linkage-disequilibrium scan localizes the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean cytochrome oxidase deficiency to 2p16.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, N; Daly, M J; Delmonte, T; Lander, E S; Xu, F; Hudson, T J; Mitchell, G A; Morin, C C; Robinson, B H; Rioux, J D

    2001-02-01

    Leigh syndrome (LS) affects 1/40,000 newborn infants in the worldwide population and is characterized by the presence of developmental delay and lactic acidosis and by a mean life expectancy variously estimated at 3-5 years. Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ) cytochrome oxidase (COX) deficiency (LS French-Canadian type [LSFC] [MIM 220111]), an autosomal recessive form of congenital lactic acidosis, presents with developmental delay and hypotonia. It is an LS variant that is found in a geographically isolated region of Quebec and that occurs in 1/2,178 live births. Patients with LSFC show a phenotype similar to that of patients with LS, but the two groups differ in clinical presentation. We studied DNA samples from 14 patients with LSFC and from their parents, representing a total of 13 families. Because of founder effects in the SLSJ region, considerable linkage disequilibrium (LD) was expected to surround the LSFC mutation. We therefore performed a genomewide screen for LD, using 290 autosomal microsatellite markers. A single marker, D2S1356, located on 2p16, showed significant (P genetic mapping with additional markers and four additional families with LSFC, we were able to identify a common ancestral haplotype and to limit the critical region to approximately 2 cM between D2S119 and D2S2174. COX7AR, a gene encoding a COX7a-related protein, had previously been mapped to this region. We determined the genomic structure and resequenced this gene in patients with LSFC and in controls but found no functional mutations. Although the LSFC gene remains to be elucidated, the present study demonstrates the feasibility of using a genomewide LD strategy to localize the critical region for a rare genetic disease in a founder population.

  7. Sovereignty and Democracy in Global Times: acutality of the Jean-Jacques Rousseau Political Philosophy and the limits of the social contract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcus Baccega

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available SOBERANIA E DEMOCRACIA EM TEMPOS MUNDIALIZADOS: ATUALIDADE DA FILOSOFIA POLÍTICA DE JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU E OS LIMITES DO CONTRATO SOCIAL Resumo: este artigo visa a problematizar os (descaminhos dos conceitos políticos e das práticas sociais e jurídicas em torno da soberania política do Estado Nacional e da democracia nos tempos de mundialização do Capital. Portanto, revisita e percorre uma breve arqueologia conceitual da Soberania, desde Isidoro de Sevilha até a clássica definição de Jean Bodin nos Seis Livros sobre a República (1576. O propósito é problematizar a filosofia política de Rousseau para, então, perceber e discutir seus limites suas virtualidades, bem como a atualidade de sua noção de Contrato Social e o papel da Filosofia Política na Era do Capital Global. Palavras-chave: Rousseau. Soberania. Mundialização do Capital. Abstract: this paper casts doubt on the ways and shunts of political concepts and social and legal practices concerning political sovereignty of the Nation State and democracy at the time of Capital’s globalization. It revisits a brief conceptual archeology of Sovereignty, since Isidore of Seville to the classical definition by Jean Bodin in The Six Books on the Republic (1576. The purpose is casting doubt on the political philosophy of Rousseau, in order to discuss its limits and virtualities, and the topicality of his notion of social contract and the role of Political Philosophy at the Age of Global Capital. Keywords: Rousseau. Sovereignty. Globalization of Capital.

  8. DECREASEMENT OF COLOUR AND COD CONTENT OF THE LIQUID WASTE PRODUCT FROM THE JEANS WASHING INDUSTRY BY CHITOSAN AND Trametes versicolor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rumondang Bulan

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Chitosan and Trametes versicolor were used as the material for processing liquid waste product from the jeans washing industry in this study as they were more economics and no negative damage in the environmental life. This research is to find out the chitosan and Trametes versicolor effect as the coagulant in decreasing the colour and the COD content of the liquid waste product from the jeans washing industry using the coagulation method and floculation. The dosage of chitosan and Trametes versicolor were 200, 400, 600, 800 and 1000 mg/L of the liquid waste product whereas the combination of chitosan and Trametes versicolor were 4:1, 3:2, 2:3 and 1:4. The data resulted from the analysis were shown as a graphics. The research results show that the optimum dosage of chitosan as coagulant was 800 mg/L which was able to decrease the colour intensity. For blue colour, the intensity decreased from 1.2 to 0.1%; the yellow colour intensity decreased from 0.9 to 0.0% and the COD 91.23%. The optimum dosage of Trametes versicolor of 600 mg/L was able to decrease the blue colour intensity from 1.2 to 0.11%; the yellow colour intensity from 0.9 to 0.1% and the COD was 91.37%. By using the combinationof chitosan and Trametes versicolor it was shown that the best result was using the 3:2 ratio which was able to decrease the blue colour intensity from 0.9 to 0.1% and the yellow colour intensity from 0.9 to 0.0% and the COD was 86.68%.   Keywords: colour intensity, COD, liquid waste product of the jeans washing, chitosan, Trametes versicolor

  9. 汉学家Mulligan对中国"孝"文化的误读溯源%What accounts for Sinologist Jean M. Mulligan's misinterpretation of filial piety

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹广涛

    2010-01-01

    由于传统文化和养老模式的差异,英汉民族对孝道重要性及其内容的认知存在着明显差异.美国汉学家Jean M.MulligaIl在其(The Lute)英译本的长篇导言中对该剧孝道伦理进行了探讨.Mulligan之文化误读,是由中西孝文化语境认知的互为观照所致.

  10. Zur theoretischen und gesellschaftlichen Konstitution der Eigenlogik moderner Erziehung. Überlegungen im Anschluss an Jan Amos Comenius und Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dietrich Benner

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available - On theoretical and social constitution of modern education. Reflections with reference to Jan Amos Comenius and Jean-Jacques Rousseau - This article draws on Comenius and Rousseau to examine the theoretical and social constitution of education. Specifically, we analyze the tensions between the Comenius' pansophy and his theory of education in the Early Mod-ern Age as well as between Rousseau's theory of common will and his theory of negative education. The article demonstrates that while both Comenius and Rousseau are important for contemporary discussions of the structure of pedagogical action, neither Comenius' pansophy nor Rousseau's idea of common will are sufficient to ground these discussions.

  11. Laville Jean-Louis, 2007, L’économie solidaire. Une perspective internationale, Hachette Littératures, 383 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Seus

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet ouvrage collectif sous la direction de Jean-Louis Laville (professeur au Conservatoire national des arts et métiers, co-directeur du Laboratoire interdisciplinaire pour la sociologie économique rassemble huit synthèses de recherche menées dans plusieurs pays et continents. Ecrites par des universitaires européens (Laurent Gardin, Marthe Nyssens, Isabelle Guérin, Laurent Fraisse, Elisabetta Bucolo, québécois (Paul R. Bélanger, Jacques L. Boucher, Benoît Lévesque et chilien (Ignacio Larr...

  12. L’histoire au théâtre ou l’onde sphérique divergente dans l’œuvre de Jean-Luc Lagarce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Vinuesa Muñoz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim is to propose a parallel between a geometric figure and the dramatic work of Jean-Luc Lagarce to elucidate the essence of his writing technique and understanding the proposed dramaturgical challenge. If the comparison between the divergent spherical wave and the author’s playwriting is compelling, it may perhaps serve as a method of textual analysis with yet a method with yet unknown playwrights and see if the circularity can be seen as a contemporary trend. We will observe how a central dramatic event will cause a series of growing dramatic earthquakes interrelated by a complex language and an inter-character specific space.

  13. Experimental characterization of NIF hohlraum emission in the Rayleigh-Jeans limit (1 eV to 5 eV)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moody, J. D.; Goyon, C. E.; Ross, J. S.; Swadling, G. F.; Moore, A. S.; Baker, K. L.; Thomas, C. A.; Schneider, M. B.; Landen, O. L.; Michel, P. A.; Strozzi, D. J.; Divol, L.; Widmann, K.

    2016-10-01

    We use several measurements to estimate NIF hohlraum emission in the Rayleigh-Jeans limit where hν collected by an optical photodiode, optical emission emitted from the laser-entrance hole in the 4 eV range, and various other optical measurements. These measurements can help quantify the laser-plasma interaction processes occurring in the hohlraum and may provide insight into the atomic physics of the Au wall at long wavelength. We describe our findings and discuss interpretations. This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344.

  14. Relações entre educação, aprendizagem e desenvolvimento humano: as contribuições de Jean Marc-Gaspard Itard (1774-1838)

    OpenAIRE

    Cordeiro, Aliciene Fusca Machado

    2007-01-01

    As intervenções realizadas no princípio do século XIX envolvendo o selvagem do Aveyron , denominado Victor, ficaram imortalizadas nas palavras do médico-pedagogo Jean Marc-Gaspard Itard. Tendo como base os dois relatórios redigidos sobre seu trabalho com Victor bem como outros documentos, o objetivo central deste trabalho é discutir as contribuições de Itard sobre as relações entre educação, aprendizagem e desenvolvimento na constituição do homem como ser histórico e cultural. Na perspectiva...

  15. Mise en perspective de l’article de Jean Duvignaud « L'idéologie, cancer de la conscience »

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Pierre Corbeau

    2007-01-01

    Introduction à l’article de Jean Duvignaud « L'idéologie, cancer de la conscience », paru en 1969 dans le volume 46 des Cahiers internationaux de sociologie. Sa thématique concerne, depuis toujours, l'ensemble de la communauté scientifique, au-delà des frontières artificielles ou obsolètes entre sciences sociales, humaines, politiques, économiques, juridiques, du vivant, etc. Ses analyses résonnent avec l'actualité, concernent la citoyenneté qui s'interroge sur le fonctionnement de nos sociét...

  16. El viajero sin equipaje de Jean Anouilh y sus reminiscencias con el teatro de Sófocles

    OpenAIRE

    Saravia de Grossi, María Inés

    2011-01-01

    En esta presentación se estudian el Edipo Rey de Sófocles y El viajero sin equipaje de Jean Anouilh. En ambas obras interesa subrayar el proceso por medio del cual se logra el reconocimiento de los personajes. En primer lugar se analiza dicho proceso en Edipo Rey, señalando cómo todos los personajes secundarios confluyen en hablar del mismo Edipo a medida que acuden a escena, por medio de una forma dialógica veraz, aunque en un principio se acercaban para hablar de otros temas. Cada uno de el...

  17. [Comment on “Plate tectonics: Scientific revolution or scientific program?” by Jean-Claude Mareschal] Development of plate tectonics theory: The missing piece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doe, Bruce R.

    The recent article by Jean-Claude Mareschal (“Plate Tectonics: Scientific Revolution or Scientific Program?” in Eos, May 19, 1987, p. 529) adds to the interesting literature on the evolution of the theory of plate tectonics. It is curious that an aspect of the general theory that seems to be little considered and mentioned by Mareschal or others who write about the history of development of the theory, but that was vitally important in my own acceptance of the theory, was the discovery of subduction and, to a lesser extent, abduction.

  18. Jean Eustache: el arte del cartógrafo. Una antropología cinematográfica de los años 70.

    OpenAIRE

    David Oubiña

    2012-01-01

    Jean Eustache is one of the most notable inheritors of the nouvelle vague. In this regard, he can be considered as an emblematic filmmaker of the 70s. But, usually, emblematic artists are those who manage to condense the outstanding questions of a specific moment: those who translate their context in a reliable and unsurpassable way, up to the extent that they behave as an interpretive key of History. The case of Eustache, however, is a singular one because his films head in the opposite dire...

  19. Jean Augustin Bussiere, “Bethune from France”——In Commemoration of the 70th Anniversary of Victory over Fascism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zuo; Fengqiang

    2015-01-01

    "We will never forget the important contribution made by numerous French friends to the cause of China’s development:Jean Augustin Bussiere,a French doctor,risked his life to transport much needed medicine on his bike to base area of anti-Japanese aggression in China,"said President Xi Jinping at the meeting commemorating the 50th anniversary of the establishment of ChinaFrance diplomatic relations in Paris on March 27,2014."Comrade Norman Bethune,a member of the Com-

  20. Jean-Pierre Orfeuil et Fabrice Ripoll, Accès et mobilités. Les nouvelles inégalités

    OpenAIRE

    Castex, Élodie

    2017-01-01

    Infolio nous propose ici un ouvrage de la collection Archigraphy Poche-Futurs Urbains. Cette série dédiée aux questions urbaines contemporaines, vise à faire dialoguer deux chercheurs issus de disciplines différentes afin de mettre en regard leurs points de vue. Elle s'inscrit dans le programme de valorisation éditoriale du LABEX Futurs Urbains de l'université Paris-Est. Dans cet ouvrage, l’éditeur nous propose de mettre en parallèle le regard de Jean-Pierre Orfeuil, professeur émérite à l’In...

  1. Complete identification of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator mutations in the CF population of Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (Quebec, Canada).

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Braekeleer, M; Mari, C; Verlingue, C; Allard, C; Leblanc, J P; Simard, F; Aubin, G; Férec, C

    1998-01-01

    Over the past few years, we have conducted a systematic study of 230 cystic fibrosis (CF) chromosomes in the Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ) population which has a high CF incidence (1/936 live births). We identified 11 mutations accounting for 100% of the CF chromosomes found in patients born in SLSJ. Our results indicate that denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) is a powerful method of identifying CF mutations. They have also considerable implications for genetic counselling and molecular characterization of doubtful patients. They make carrier screening technically feasible in this population.

  2. Breve introducción al enfoque metodológico en psicoanálisis según el pensamiento de Jean Laplanche

    OpenAIRE

    Praderio, Fernando Esteban

    2015-01-01

    En el presente trabajo nos abocaremos a una lectura atenta del artículo de Sigmund Freud publicado en 1893, “Algunas consideraciones con miras a un estudio comparativo de las parálisis motrices orgánicas e histéricas”, con el objetivo de realizar sobre dicho texto una puesta a prueba teórica de aquello que en el pensamiento del psicoanalista francés, Jean Laplanche, se denomina enfoque metodológico. Se planteará el origen derivado de los modelos freudianos. Para Laplanche existen dos formas d...

  3. First observations of the second solar spectrum with spatial resolution at the Lunette Jean Rösch

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malherbe, J.-M.; Moity, J.; Arnaud, J.; Roudier, Th.

    2007-02-01

    Context: A new polarimeter has been installed at the focus of the 50 cm refractor of the Lunette Jean Rösch (LJR), previously known as Turret Dome, Pic du Midi, France, for spectroscopic observations of weak solar magnetic fields. Fields can be derived through the Hanle effect from the depolarization of the second solar spectrum (i.e. the linearly polarized spectrum at the limb). Aims: We present the first observations with spatial resolution based on the new device performed with the large 8 m Echelle spectrograph, or recorded in imagery mode through narrow band filters. The observations started in April 2004, especially in the blue part of the spectrum where our instrumentation has a particularly good efficiency. The capabilities and the characteristics of the new instrument are briefly described. We observed several lines of the second solar spectrum with the slit of the spectrograph orthogonal to the limb to study the polarization as a function of limb distance (which is related to altitude in the atmosphere), and several spectral windows in imagery to determine the average continuum polarization. Methods: The polarimeter uses Nematic Liquid Crystal (NLC) technology at the primary focus of the refractor, in spectroscopic or imagery mode. Results: A continuous polarization profile through the limb is presented for the photospheric SrI 460.7 nm line, the low chromospheric BaII 455.4 nm line, and the CaI 422.7 nm line within a distance of 120´´, together with measurements of the mean continuum polarization obtained in imagery mode. Preliminary results of the polarization of the SrI 460.7 nm line are also shown at 40´´ from the limb, as a function of the brightness of structures visible in the continuum (granulation). They reveal a tendency for the polarization to be weaker in dark features (intergranules) than in bright ones (granules), suggesting a stronger magnetic field in intergranular lanes. As example the enigmatic and weak polarization signal in the

  4. Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Mihail

    2009-01-01

      "Klassisk og modernepolitisk teori" er en bred indføring i politiske teorier, traditioner og forskningsfelter fra Platon og Aristoteles til vor tids stadig mere omfattende og specialiserede politiske tænkning. "Rousseau" rummer en systematisk gennemgang af Rousseaus forfatterskab med vægt på hans...

  5. Reply to Jean Besson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michaeline A. Crichlow

    1995-07-01

    Full Text Available [First lines] It is very difficult to operate within the plantation economy paradigm (Best 1968; Beckford 1972; Girvan 1973, and treat history as subject to change. This was the substance of my critique in my article in NWIG 68 (pp. 77-99. lts empirical subject matter dealing with the lived experiences of smallholders (popularly designated Caribbean folk demonstrated the limitations of the plantation paradigm in exploring the rich lives of Caribbean working peoples. I am one of several analysts who has made my discomfort with the paradigm clear and so there have been numerous critiques (Bernstein & Pitt 1974; Sudama 1979. I will cite only the most salient given the nature of this exercise.

  6. [Jean-martin charcot].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakuta, Manabu

    2014-11-01

    Charcot created a system for the classification and diagnosis of neurological patients in the 1850s. His methodology consisted of listening to a patient's family history and present history, observing the patient scrupulously, and confirming lesions by autopsy once the patient was dead. He compared two different diseases in order to make their differences clear. Once he understood the fundamental form of a disease, he proceeded to study less perfect forms that had a single symptom. By this process, Charcot developed many new symptomatologies in Neurology.

  7. JEAN- EMET NODEM

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    incidence sur le développement de la caféiculture dans les départements concernés? ...... en retraite au projet théicole vient discréditerencore sérieusement l'image ... Cette dernière entreprise exige la prise de conscience et la mise sur pied.

  8. Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Mihail

    2009-01-01

      "Klassisk og modernepolitisk teori" er en bred indføring i politiske teorier, traditioner og forskningsfelter fra Platon og Aristoteles til vor tids stadig mere omfattende og specialiserede politiske tænkning. "Rousseau" rummer en systematisk gennemgang af Rousseaus forfatterskab med vægt på ha...

  9. 波德里亚的身体消费理论解读%Interpretation of Jean Baudrillard' s Body Consumption Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨月梅

    2012-01-01

    波德里亚的《消费社会》对身体尤其是女性身体、美丽、色情从消费、符号的角度进行了理论分析,其分析切中当下社会的现实,具有极强的现实意义,笔者试从身体与消费、身体与媒介、身体与女性解放三个层面对他的身体消费理论进行解读。%Jean Baudrillard analyzed the body consumption , especially focused on the women's body , beauty and sex in his famous book Consumer Society in terms of the consumption and symbol , which is of great significance . The paper tries to interpret Jean Baudrillard' s body consumption theory through analyzing the relationship between the body and consumption , the body and medium , and the body and female emancipation .

  10. [The adventures of doctor Jean Matuszinski, friend of Frédéric Chopin, from Warsaw in 1808 to Paris in 1842].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hazard, Jean

    2005-01-01

    Jean Matuszinski, a Pole born in Warsaw, happened to be the student of a Frenchman who had emigrated to Poland: Nicolas Chopin. French was still widely spoken at that time in Matuszinski's native land. For a while, Matsuzinski was even a boarder in Warsaw, lived with this Franco-Polish family and became a close friend to Nicolas' son, Frederic Chopin. He was the only one who kept in touch with Chopin, despite the many international dramatic events of the time: an insurrection in Poland rapidly squashed by the Russians. Paris became the heart of the intellectual and artistic life for Polish citizens who took refuge there. After spending some time in Germany where Jean Matuszinski received a doctorate in medicine from the university of Tubingen in 1834, he went to Paris where he was delighted to meet again with Frederic Chopin, and received another doctorate from the Faculty of Medicine of Paris. During his short medical career, he was able to observe several forms of tuberculsis: an acute that killed Frederic's younger sister, and a chronic one that affected Frederic for more than fifteen years. But Matuszinski could take care of Chopin only during the first six years of the latter's illness because himself died from a severe subacute form of tuberculosis, when he was only 33 years old.

  11. Jean Claude Risset’s Duet for One Pianist: Challenges of a Real-Time Performance Interaction with a Computer-Controlled Acoustic Piano 16 Years Later

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia Lourenço

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to discuss the work Duet for one Pianist (1989 by the French composer Jean-Claude Risset (b. 13 March 1938 by analyzing the challenges of the music performance of this Computer-Aided Composition work Disklavier and implies Human-Computer Interaction performance. Extremely honored to perform the revised version of the 8 Sketches for One Pianist and Disklavier within a research project of CITAR and a new Sketch Reflections (2012 by Jean-Claude Risset dedicated to me in a World premiere in the closing ceremony of Black&White 2012 Film Festival promoted by the Catholic University of Portugal. Several issues on the performance of this work are analysed as a case-study, from the point of view of the performer, particularly the components of expressive performance in a real-time interaction between performer and computer. These components can work as analysis criteria of a piano interpretation, in here, of a pianist and Disklavier interpretation. 

  12. Algunas cuestiones epistemológicas a propósito de la teología monástica medieval en Jean Leclercq

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Edmundo Gómez, osb

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo plantea cuatro cuestiones epistemológicas a propósito de la teología monástica medieval: existencia y significado, distinción de la escolástica, noción de ciencia y crítica neoescolástica, exponiendo reverentemente lo que Dom Jean Leclercq, osb. monje, historiador y teólogo, enseñó especialmente en L'amour des lettres et le désir de Dieu, que es a la vez el título y la conclusión de un hermoso libro publicado hace ya cincuenta años, mostrando la posible "complementariedad" y "coexistencia pacífica" entre modos diversos de hacer teologíaThis article outlines four epistemological questions apropos of medieval monastic theology: existence and meaning, the scholastic distinction, the notion of science and neo-scholastic criticism, expounding reverently what monk, historian and theologian Dom Jean Leclercq, o.s.b., taught, especially in L'amour des letters et le désir de Dieu, which is at the same time the title and the conclusion of a beautiful book published 50 years ago, showing the possible "complementarity" and "peaceful co-existence" between different modes of doing theology

  13. Lifting the Dusty Veil With Near- and Mid-Infrared Photometry: I. Description and Applications of the Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess Method

    CERN Document Server

    Majewski, Steven R; Nidever, David L

    2011-01-01

    The Milky Way (MW) remains a primary laboratory for understanding the structure and evolution of spiral galaxies, but typically we are denied clear views of MW stellar populations at low Galactic latitudes because of extinction by interstellar dust. However, the combination of 2MASS near-infrared (NIR) and Spitzer-IRAC mid-infrared (MIR) photometry enables a powerful method for determining the line of sight reddening to any star: the sampled wavelengths lie in the Rayleigh-Jeans part of the spectral energy distribution of most stars, where, to first order, all stars have essentially the same intrinsic color. Thus, changes in stellar NIR-MIR colors due to interstellar reddening are readily apparent, and (under an assumed extinction law) the observed colors and magnitudes of stars can be easily and accurately restored to their intrinsic values, greatly increasing their usefulness for Galactic structure studies. In this paper we explore this "Rayleigh-Jeans Color Excess" (RJCE) method and demonstrate that use of...

  14. SIMULACRA AS MEANS OF MANIPULATION OF PUBLIC OPINION: IN THE LIGHT OF THE JEAN BAUDRILLARD’S THEORY

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    Мария Васильевна Комова

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available At the present stage for human civilization is characterized the widespread use of simulations that have spread to all spheres of public life. The use of simulation in the mass media practice, in particular in order to manipulate public opinion, is radically transforming the functional characteristics of the media. The purpose of the research lies in understanding the basic assumptions of the Jean Baudrillard’s simulation theory, installation of simulacra use features in the communication processes of modern society, investigating the influence of simulacra to transform the functions of mass media. When conducting  the research tudies, are used such methods: descriptive, method of analysis, synthesis, comparison.Results. Media and official sources are used in order to maintain the illusion of truth, realityof  goals of social processes of past and present as well, objectivity of facts and documentary evidence. Abstraction, history artifacts, disasters and crises represented on television, are designed to keep the audience under the influence of communication investments. Media reports are characterized by the social codification, which is reflected in the appointment of messages not in delivering of information, implementation of communication, but only in the circulation and identification of anticipated reactions.Media plays the role of global communication environment, in which simulation mechanism is implemented. The real mass media practice suggests the use of communication resources, traditional and innovative forms of work in the plantation of simulacra world in the public consciousness as a reality.As a result, the total use of simulacra in mass media practice causes the destruction of "mass media" which appears in the functional transformation of the notion of the media as truth. To the lost belongs the function to be truth of absolute observation and supervision that is based on the position "observe" after objective space and be

  15. Une « dictature démocratique » : Getúlio Vargas, raconté par Jean-Gérard Fleury

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    Régis Tettamanzi

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Homme d'affaires, aviateur, journaliste et écrivain, Jean-Gérard Fleury (1905-2002 a vécu presque toute sa vie au Brésil. En 1940, il publie en France une biographie, la seule à ce jour, du président Getúlio Vargas. De nature ouvertement hagiographique, ce texte propose une lecture de la trajectoire politique de Vargas qui oscille entre démocratie et autoritarisme. De fait, cette biographie nous parle autant du Brésil que de la France : elle construit une image du président brésilien, et en même temps témoigne des aspirations idéologiques d'une certaine droite française dans l'entre-deux guerres. Elle a par conséquent sa place dans une étude des représentations du populisme au XXe siècle.Hombre de negocios, aviador, periodista y escritor, Jean-Gérard Fleury (1905-2002 vivió durante casi toda su vida en Brasil. En 1940, publica una corta biografía, la única hasta hoy en francés, del presidente Getúlio Vargas. De carácter francamente hagiográfico, este texto propone una lectura de la trayectoria de Vargas que oscila entre democracia y autoritarismo. De hecho, esta biografía nos habla tanto de Brasil como de Francia: construye una imagen del presidente brasileño y, al mismo tiempo, declara las aspiraciones populistas de cierta derecha francesa entre los dos guerras mundiales.Business man, aviator, journalist and writer, Jean-Gérard Fleury (1905-2002 lived almost all his life in Brazil. In 1940, he published a short biography, the only one to this day in French, of the president Getulio Vargas; openly pictorially outlined in nature, this text offers a reading of the political trajectory of Vargas, which oscillates between democracy and authoritarianism. In fact, this biography tells us as much about Brazil as about France: it constructs an image of the Brazilian president, and at the same time witnesses the popular aspirations of a certain French political right trend between the two wars.

  16. Aplicação da Teoria do Cuidado Transpessoal de Jean Watson: uma década de produção brasileira Aplicación de la Teoría del Cuidado Transpersonal de Jean Watson: una década de producción brasileña Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring: a decade of Brazilian publications

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    Luciane Favero

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta revisão sistemática objetivou descrever e analisar a aplicação da Teoria do Cuidado Transpessoal de Jean Watson nas pesquisas divulgadas em publicações de Enfermagem brasileiras dos últimos dez anos. O levantamento bibliográfico abrangeu 34 produções científicas selecionadas nas bases de dados eletrônicas MEDLINE (MEDLARS [Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System] On-line, LILACS (Literatura Latino Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, BDENF (Base de dados de Enfermagem e SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library On-line, que após aplicação dos critérios de inclusão estabelecidos, compuseram a amostra do estudo. Os resultados apontaram que a Região Sul concentra 61,8% das produções referidas ao tema de estudo, que ela pode ser aplicada nos níveis de atenção primária, secundária e terciária e que 64,7% das produções utilizam os fatores de cuidado propostos por Jean Watson em 1979. Emerge a necessidade de aprimoramento das pesquisas acerca da transformação ocorrida na Teoria do Cuidado Transpessoal, com abordagem do Processo Clinical Caritas, porém como são escassos os estudos referentes a esta temática, dificultam sua utilização prática.Esta revisión sistemática tuvo como objetivo describir y analizar la aplicación de la Teoría del Cuidado Transpersonal de Jean Watson en las investigaciones divulgadas en publicaciones de Enfermería brasileñas de los últimos diez años. El levantamiento bibliográfico abarcó 34 producciones seleccionadas en las bases de datos electrónicas MEDLINE (MEDLARS [Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System] On-line, LILACS (Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud, BDENF (Base de datos de Enfermería y SciELO (Scientific Electronic Library On-line, que después de la aplicación de los criterios de inclusión establecidos, compusieron la muestra del estudio. Los resultados señalaron que la región Sur concentra el 61,8% de las

  17. Hubert Damisch / Jean Dubuffet - Entrée en matière: correspondance 1961-1985, textes 1961-2014: édition établie, présentée et annotée

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berrebi, S.

    2016-01-01

    French artist Jean Dubuffet and French art historian Hubert Damisch shared a long friendship between 1961—the year Damisch published his first essay on Dubuffet—and 1985—when the latter died. "Entrée en matière" gathers together all the texts written by Damisch on Dubuffet as well as a selection of

  18. Guilcher Jean-Michel, Danse traditionnelle et anciens milieux ruraux français. Tradition. Histoire. Société

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    Éric Limet

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Depuis plus d’un demi-siècle, Jean-Michel et Hélène Guilcher se consacrent à l’étude de la danse traditionnelle en France, associant enquêtes de terrain et dépouillement des sources écrites. J. M. Guilcher a publié plusieurs importantes monographies consacrées à différents aspects de ce travail. Cela faisait longtemps que ses lecteurs (parmi lesquels Claude Levi-Strauss lui demandaient instamment de couronner ces publications par un ouvrage de synthèse. Il a longtemps hésité à le faire. Ce q...

  19. Nomenclatural notes on the Eurytomids (Chalcidoidea: Eurytomidae) described by Jean Brèthes housed in Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, Michael W

    2014-04-16

    Ten Eurytomidae (Hymenoptera) parasitic wasp species described by Jean Brèthes and deposited in the Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales in Buenos Aires are treated and their nomenclature stabilized. The condition of the type material is described. Lectotypes are designated for Decatoma cecidosiphaga Brèthes, Prodecatoma parodii Brèthes, Eudecatoma opposita Brèthes, and Eurytoma caridei Brèthes. One new generic synonymy, Xanthosomodes Brèthes with Tetramesa Walker, n. syn., and five new combinations are proposed: Tetramesa albiangulata (Brèthes), n. comb.; Phylloxeroxenus caridei (Brèthes), n. comb.; Aximopsis vulgata (Brèthes), n. comb.; Proseurytoma parodii (Brèthes), n. comb.; and Bruchophagus opposita (Brèthes), n. comb. Sycophila paranensis Brèthes is declared incertae sedis.

  20. Jean-Didier Urbain, 2002, Paradis verts désirs de campagne et passions résidentielles, Paris, Payot, 392 p.

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    Isabelle Roussel

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Jean-Didier Urbain, à travers cet ouvrage, applique sa vision d’anthropologue à la campagne. Cet ouvrage, facile à lire grâce à une écriture alerte, se démarque d’une vision bucolique de la verte campagne telle qu’elle a pu être véhiculée par quelques idéologues que l’auteur se plaît à fustiger au passage.Constatant les profondes mutations de la campagne française, J.D. Urbain, analyse surtout le phénomène des résidences secondaires puisque ces dernières sont plus nombreuses que les exploitat...