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Sample records for lumbar fusion comparison

  1. Comparison of the different surgical approaches for lumbar interbody fusion.

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    Talia, Adrian J; Wong, Michael L; Lau, Hui C; Kaye, Andrew H

    2015-02-01

    This review will outline the history of spinal fusion. It will compare the different approaches currently in use for interbody fusion. A comparison of the techniques, including minimally invasive surgery and graft options will be included. Lumbar interbody fusion is a commonly performed surgical procedure for a variety of spinal disorders, especially degenerative disease. Currently this procedure is performed using anterior, lateral, transforaminal and posterior approaches. Minimally invasive techniques have been increasing in popularity in recent years. A posterior approach is frequently used and has good fusion rates and low complication rates but is limited by the thecal and nerve root retraction. The transforaminal interbody fusion avoids some of these complications and is therefore preferable in some situations, especially revision surgery. An anterior approach avoids the spinal cord and cauda equina all together, but has issues with visceral exposure complications. Lateral lumbar interbody fusion has a risk of lumbar plexus injury with dissection through the psoas muscle. Studies show less intraoperative blood loss for minimally invasive techniques, but there is no long-term data. Iliac crest is the gold standard for bone graft, although adjuncts such as bone morphogenetic proteins are being used more frequently, despite their controversial history. More high-level studies are needed to make generalisations regarding the outcomes of one technique compared with another.

  2. Comparison of the Dynesys Dynamic Stabilization System and Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Lumbar Degenerative Disease.

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    Yang Zhang

    Full Text Available There have been few studies comparing the clinical and radiographic outcomes between the Dynesys dynamic stabilization system and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF. The objective of this study is to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes of Dynesys and PLIF for lumbar degenerative disease.Of 96 patients with lumbar degenerative disease included in this retrospectively analysis, 46 were treated with the Dynesys system and 50 underwent PLIF from July 2008 to March 2011. Clinical and radiographic outcomes were evaluated. We also evaluated the occurrence of radiographic and symptomatic adjacent segment degeneration (ASD.The mean follow-up time in the Dynesys group was 53.6 ± 5.3 months, while that in the PLIF group was 55.2 ± 6.8 months. At the final follow-up, the Oswestry disability index and visual analogue scale score were significantly improved in both groups. The range of motion (ROM of stabilized segments in Dynesys group decreased from 7.1 ± 2.2° to 4.9 ± 2.2° (P < 0.05, while that of in PLIF group decreased from 7.3 ± 2.3° to 0° (P < 0.05. The ROM of the upper segments increased significantly in both groups at the final follow-up, the ROM was higher in the PLIF group. There were significantly more radiographic ASDs in the PLIF group than in the Dynesys group. The incidence of complications was comparable between groups.Both Dynesys and PLIF can improve the clinical outcomes for lumbar degenerative disease. Compared to PLIF, Dynesys stabilization partially preserves the ROM of the stabilized segments, limits hypermobility in the upper adjacent segment, and may prevent the occurrence of ASD.

  3. Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion

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    Hughes, Alexander; Girardi, Federico; Sama, Andrew; Lebl, Darren; Cammisa, Frank

    2015-01-01

    The lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is a relatively new technique that allows the surgeon to access the intervertebral space from a direct lateral approach either anterior to or through the psoas muscle. This approach provides an alternative to anterior lumbar interbody fusion with instrumentation, posterior lumbar interbody fusion, and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for anterior column support. LLIF is minimally invasive, safe, better structural support from the apophyseal ring, potential for coronal plane deformity correction, and indirect decompression, which have has made this technique popular. LLIF is currently being utilized for a variety of pathologies including but not limited to adult de novo lumbar scoliosis, central and foraminal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, and adjacent segment degeneration. Although early clinical outcomes have been good, the potential for significant neurological and vascular vertebral endplate complications exists. Nevertheless, LLIF is a promising technique with the potential to more effectively treat complex adult de novo scoliosis and achieve predictable fusion while avoiding the complications of traditional anterior surgery and posterior interbody techniques. PMID:26713134

  4. A comparison of unilateral and bilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for lumbar degenerative diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Xiaoming; Wang Hong; Zhao Quanlai; Xu Hongguang; Liu Ping; Jin Yuelong

    2014-01-01

    Background Bilateral transpedicular screw fixation in conjunction with interbody fusion is widely used to treat lumbar degenerative diseases; however,there are some disadvantages of using this fixation system.This study comparatively analyzes the results of unilateral and bilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) for one-level lumbar degenerative diseases.Methods Sixty-six cases with one-level lumbar degenerative diseases were studied.The patients were divided according to surgical approach into a unilateral group (Group A) and a bilateral group (Group B).The patients were evaluated for pain by visual analog scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI).Operating time,blood loss,duration of hospitalization,and complication rate were also evaluated.Patients were examined at 1,3,6,and 12 months postoperatively and every year thereafter.Results Group A patients' average preoperative VAS and ODI scores were 7.03 ± 0.98 and (64.22±6.38)%,respectively,significantly decreased to 2.91 ± 0.88 and (14.42±2.08)%,respectively,at the last follow-up (P =0.000).In Group B,the average preoperative VAS and ODI scores were 6.79±0.86 and (63.22±4.70)%,respectively,significantly decreased to 3.12±0.96 and (14.62±2.08)%,respectively,at the last follow-up (P=0.000).No significant difference in the duration of hospitalization was found between groups.Operating time and blood loss of (125.9±13.0) minutes and (211.4±28.3) ml,respectively,in Group A were significantly less than (165.2±15.3) minutes and (258.6±18.3) ml,respectively,in Group B (P=-0.000).All patients achieved good bone union and had no pseudarthrosis at the last follow-up.Conclusions There are no clinical differences between unilateral and bilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with TLIF for one-level lumbar degenerative diseases.Unilateral fixation reduces operating time,bleeding,and cost of hospitalization.

  5. Impact of obesity on complications and outcomes: a comparison of fusion and nonfusion lumbar spine surgery.

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    Onyekwelu, Ikemefuna; Glassman, Steven D; Asher, Anthony L; Shaffrey, Christopher I; Mummaneni, Praveen V; Carreon, Leah Y

    2017-02-01

    OBJECTIVE Prior studies have shown obesity to be associated with higher complication rates but equivalent clinical outcomes following lumbar spine surgery. These findings have been reproducible across lumbar spine surgery in general and for lumbar fusion specifically. Nevertheless, surgeons seem inclined to limit the extent of surgery, perhaps opting for decompression alone rather than decompression plus fusion, in obese patients. The purpose of this study was to ascertain any difference in clinical improvement or complication rates between obese and nonobese patients following decompression alone compared with decompression plus fusion for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). METHODS The Quality Outcomes Database (QOD), formerly known as the National Neurosurgery Quality and Outcomes Database (N(2)QOD), was queried for patients who had undergone decompression plus fusion (D+F group) versus decompression alone (D+0 group) for LSS and were stratified by a body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m(2) (obese) or obese cohort, 844 patients had decompression alone and 337 had decompression plus fusion. There were no significant differences in the Oswestry Disability Index score or in leg pain improvement at 12 months when comparing decompression with fusion to decompression without fusion in either obese or nonobese cohorts. However, absolute improvement in back pain was less in the obese group when decompression alone had been performed. Blood loss and operative time were lowest in the nonobese D+0 cohort and were higher in obese patients with or without fusion. Obese patients had a longer hospital stay (4.1 days) than the nonobese patients (3.3 days) when fusion had been performed. In-hospital stay was similar in both obese and nonobese D+0 cohorts. No significant differences were seen in 30-day readmission rates among the 4 cohorts. CONCLUSIONS Consistent with the prior literature, equivalent clinical outcomes were found among obese and non-obese patients treated for LSS. In

  6. Miniopen Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Unilateral Fixation: A Comparison between Ipsilateral and Contralateral Reherniation

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    Zheng Li

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors between ipsilateral and contralateral reherniation and to compare the effectiveness of miniopen transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF with unilateral fixation for each group. From November 2007 to December 2014, clinical and radiographic data of each group (ipsilateral or contralateral reherniation were collected and compared. Functional assessment (Visual Analog Scale (VAS score and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA and radiographic evaluation (fusion status, disc height, lumbar lordosis (LL, and functional spine unit (FSU angle were applied to compare surgical effect for each group preoperatively and at final followup. MacNab questionnaire was applied to further evaluate the satisfactory rate after the discectomy and fusion. No difference except pain-free interval was found between ipsilateral and contralateral groups. There was a significant difference in operative time between two groups. No differences were found in clinical and radiographic data for assessment of surgical effect between two groups. The satisfactory rate was decreasing in both groups with time passing after discectomy. Difference in pain-free interval may be a distinction for ipsilateral and contralateral reherniation. Miniopen TLIF with unilateral pedicle screw fixation can be a recommendable way for single level reherniation regardless of ipsilateral or contralateral reherniation.

  7. Comparison of Topping-off and posterior lumbar interbody fusion surgery in lumbar degenerative disease:a retrospective study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Hai-ying; ZHOU Jian; WANG Bo; WANG Hui-min; JIN Zhao-hui; ZHU Zhen-qi; MIAO Ke-nan

    2012-01-01

    Background Topping-off surgery is a newly-developed surgical technique which combines rigid fusion with an interspinous process device in the adjacent segment to prevent adjacent segment degeneration.There are few reports on Topping-off surgery and its rationality and indications remains highly controversial.Our study aims to investigate the short-term and mid-term clinical results of Topping-off surgery in preventing adjacent segment degeneration when mild or moderate adjacent segment degeneration existed before surgery.Methods The 25 cases that underwent L5-S1 posterior lumbar interbody fusion(PLIF)+L4-L5 interspinous process surgeries between April 2008 and March 2010 formed Topping-off group.The 42 cases undergoing L5-S1 PLIF surgery formed PLIF group.Both groups matched in gender,age,body mass index and Pfirrmann grading(4 to 6).The patients were evaluated with visual analogue scale(VAS)and Japanese orthopaedic association(JOA)scores before surgery and in the last follow-up.Modic changes of endplates were recorded.Results The follow-up averaged 24.8 and 23.7 months.No symptomatic or radiological adjacent segment degeneration was observed.There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss or postoperative drainage.VAS and lumbar JOA scores improved significantly in both groups(t=12.1 and 13.5,P<0.05).Neither anterior nor posterior disc height was significantly changed.Segmental lordosis of L4-L5 and total lordosis were all increased significantly(Topping-off group:t=-2.30 and-2.24,P<0.05;PLIF group:t=-2.76 and-1.83,P<0.01).In the hyperextension and hyperflexion view,Topping-off group's range of motion(ROM)and olisthesis in the L4-L5 segment did not significantly change in flexion,but decreased in extension.In PLIF group,ROM(t=-7.82 and-4.90,P<0.01)and olisthesis(t=-15.67and-18.58,P<0.01)both significantly increased in extension and flexion.Conclusions Compared with single segment PLIF surgery,Topping-off surgery can achieve similar

  8. Comparison of complication rates of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and lateral lumbar interbody fusion: a systematic review of the literature.

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    Joseph, Jacob R; Smith, Brandon W; La Marca, Frank; Park, Paul

    2015-10-01

    OBJECT Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) and lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) are 2 currently popular techniques for lumbar arthrodesis. The authors compare the total risk of each procedure, along with other important complication outcomes. METHODS This systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Relevant studies (up to May 2015) that reported complications of either MI-TLIF or LLIF were identified from a search in the PubMed database. The primary outcome was overall risk of complication per patient. Secondary outcomes included risks of sensory deficits, temporary neurological deficit, permanent neurological deficit, intraoperative complications, medical complications, wound complications, hardware failure, subsidence, and reoperation. RESULTS Fifty-four studies were included for analysis of MI-TLIF, and 42 studies were included for analysis of LLIF. Overall, there were 9714 patients (5454 in the MI-TLIF group and 4260 in the LLIF group) with 13,230 levels fused (6040 in the MI-TLIF group and 7190 in the LLIF group). A total of 1045 complications in the MI-TLIF group and 1339 complications in the LLIF group were reported. The total complication rate per patient was 19.2% in the MI-TLIF group and 31.4% in the LLIF group (p < 0.0001). The rate of sensory deficits and temporary neurological deficits, and permanent neurological deficits was 20.16%, 2.22%, and 1.01% for MI-TLIF versus 27.08%, 9.40%, and 2.46% for LLIF, respectively (p < 0.0001, p < 0.0001, p = 0.002, respectively). Rates of intraoperative and wound complications were 3.57% and 1.63% for MI-TLIF compared with 1.93% and 0.80% for LLIF, respectively (p = 0.0003 and p = 0.034, respectively). No significant differences were noted for medical complications or reoperation. CONCLUSIONS While there was a higher overall complication rate with LLIF, MI-TLIF and LLIF both have

  9. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with unilateral pedicle screw fixation: comparison between primary and revision surgery.

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    Kang, Moo Sung; Park, Jeong Yoon; Kim, Kyung Hyun; Kuh, Sung Uk; Chin, Dong Kyu; Kim, Keun Su; Cho, Yong Eun

    2014-01-01

    Minimally invasive surgery with a transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF) is an important minimally invasive fusion technique for the lumbar spine. Lumbar spine reoperation is challenging and is thought to have greater complication risks. The purpose of this study was to compare MIS TLIF with unilateral screw fixation perioperative results between primary and revision surgeries. This was a prospective study that included 46 patients who underwent MIS TLIF with unilateral pedicle screw. The patients were divided into two groups, primary and revision MIS TLIF, to compare perioperative results and complications. The two groups were similar in age, sex, and level of operation, and were not significantly different in the length of follow-up or clinical results. Although dural tears were more common with the revision group (primary 1; revision 4), operation time, blood loss, total perioperative complication, and fusion rates were not significantly different between the two groups. Both groups showed substantial improvements in VAS and ODI scores one year after surgical treatment. Revision MIS TLIF performed by an experienced surgeon does not necessarily increase the risk of perioperative complication compared with primary surgery. MIS TLIF with unilateral pedicle screw fixation is a valuable option for revision lumbar surgery.

  10. Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Unilateral Pedicle Screw Fixation: Comparison between Primary and Revision Surgery

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    Moo Sung Kang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Minimally invasive surgery with a transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF is an important minimally invasive fusion technique for the lumbar spine. Lumbar spine reoperation is challenging and is thought to have greater complication risks. The purpose of this study was to compare MIS TLIF with unilateral screw fixation perioperative results between primary and revision surgeries. This was a prospective study that included 46 patients who underwent MIS TLIF with unilateral pedicle screw. The patients were divided into two groups, primary and revision MIS TLIF, to compare perioperative results and complications. The two groups were similar in age, sex, and level of operation, and were not significantly different in the length of follow-up or clinical results. Although dural tears were more common with the revision group (primary 1; revision 4, operation time, blood loss, total perioperative complication, and fusion rates were not significantly different between the two groups. Both groups showed substantial improvements in VAS and ODI scores one year after surgical treatment. Revision MIS TLIF performed by an experienced surgeon does not necessarily increase the risk of perioperative complication compared with primary surgery. MIS TLIF with unilateral pedicle screw fixation is a valuable option for revision lumbar surgery.

  11. Is lumbar facet fusion biomechanically equivalent to lumbar posterolateral onlay fusion?

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    Toth, Jeffrey M; Foley, Kevin T; Wang, Mei; Seim, Howard B; Simon Turner, A

    2017-02-03

    OBJECTIVE This study was designed with the following research objectives: 1) to determine the efficacy of facet fusion with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) on an absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) in an ovine lumbar facet fusion model; 2) to radiographically and histologically compare the efficacy of lumbar facet fusion with rhBMP-2/ACS to facet fusion with an iliac crest bone graft (ICBG); and 3) to biomechanically compare lumbar facet fusion with rhBMP-2/ACS to lumbar posterolateral fusion (PLF) with ICBG. METHODS The efficacies of the 3 treatments to induce fusion were evaluated in an instrumented ovine lumbar fusion model. Eight sheep had 10 cm(3)/side ICBG placed as an onlay graft for PLF at L2-3. At the adjacent L3-4 level, 0.5 cm(3)/side ICBG was placed for facet fusion. Finally, 0.5 cm(3)/side rhBMP-2/ACS (0.43 mg/ml) was placed for facet fusion at L4-5. CT scans were obtained at 2, 4, and 6 months postoperatively with 2 reviewers conducting an evaluation of the 6-month results for all treated spinal levels. All 8 sheep were killed at 6 months, and all posterolateral instrumentation was removed at this time. The spines were then sectioned through L3-4 to allow for nondestructive unconstrained biomechanical testing of the L2-3 and L4-5 segments. All treated spinal levels were analyzed using undecalcified histology with corresponding microradiography. Statistical comparisons were made between the treatment groups. RESULTS The PLF with ICBG (ICBG PLF group) and the rhBMP-2 facet fusion (rhBMP-2 Facet group) treatment groups demonstrated similar levels of stiffness, with the rhBMP-2 Facet group having on average slightly higher stiffness in all 6 loading directions. All 8 levels in the autograft facet fusion treatment group demonstrated CT radiographic and histological fusion. All 8 levels in the rhBMP-2 Facet group showed bilateral CT radiographic and histological fusion. Six of 16 rhBMP-2/ACS-treated facet defects demonstrated small

  12. Comparison of simple discectomy and instrumented posterior lumbar interbody fusion for treatment of lumbar disc herniation combined with Modic endplate changes

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    Cao Peng; Chen Zhe; Zheng Yuehuan; Wang Yuren; Jiang Leisheng; Yang Yaoqi; Zhuang Chengyu

    2014-01-01

    Background The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare the surgical outcomes of simple discectomy and instrumented posterior lumbar interbody fusion (iPLIF) in patients with lumbar disc herniation and Modic endplate changes.Our hypothesis was that iPLIF could provide better outcome for patients with refractory lumbar disc herniation and Modic changes (LDH-MC).Methods Ninety-one patients with single-segment LDH-MC were recruited.All patients experienced low back pain as well as radicular leg pain,and low back pain was more severe than leg pain.Forty-seven patients were treated with discectomy and 44 were treated with iPLIE The outcomes of both low back pain and radicular leg pain using visual analogue scale (VAS) as well as the clinical outcome related to low back pain using Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score were assessed before and 18 months after surgery,respectively.Results Both low back and leg pain were significantly improved 18 months after simple discectomy and iPLIE Compared to patients undergoing simple discectomy,low back pain was significantly reduced in patients undergoing iPLIE but there was no significant difference in leg pain between two groups.Solid fusion was achieved in all patients who underwent iPLIF.Conclusions In patients with LDH-MC,iPLIF can yield significantly superior outcome on the relief of low back pain compared to simple discectomy.Simple discectomy can relieve radicular leg pain as efficient as iPLIE Accordingly,iPLIF seems to be a reliable treatment for patients with LDH-MC and predominant low back pain.

  13. CHANGES IN RADIOGRAPHIC PARAMETERS AFTER MINIMALLY INVASIVE LUMBAR INTERBODY FUSION

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    Emiliano Vialle

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective : This study aims to evaluate changes in lumbosacral parameters after minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion. The secondary aim was to evaluate whether interbody cage shape (crescent shaped or rectangular would influence the results. Method : Retrospective analysis of 70 patients who underwent one or two level lumbar interbody fusion through a minimally invasive posterolateral approach. This included midline preservation and unilateral facetectomy. Pre- and postoperative (three to six months postoperative radiographs were used for measuring lumbar lordosis (LL, segmental lordosis (SL at the level of interbody fusion, and sacral slope (SS. Further analyses divided the patients into Roussouly lumbar subgroups. Results : LL was significantly reduced after surgery (59o:39o, p=0.001 as well as the SS (33.8o:31.2o, p=0.05. SL did not change significantly (11.4:11.06, p=0.85. There were no significant differences when comparing patients who received crescent shaped cage (n=27 and rectangular cage (n=43. Hypolordotic patients (Roussouly types 1 and 2 had radiographic improvement in comparison to normolordotic and hyperlordotic groups (types 3 and 4. Conclusion : Minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion caused reduction in lumbosacral parameters. Cage shape had no influence on the results.

  14. Comparison of standard fusion with a "topping off" system in lumbar spine surgery: a protocol for a randomized controlled trial

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    Kaulhausen Thomas

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Fusion of lumbar spine segments is a well-established therapy for many pathologies. The procedure changes the biomechanics of the spine. Initial clinical benefits may be outweighed by ensuing damage to the adjacent segments. Various surgical devices and techniques have been developed to prevent this deterioration. "Topping off" systems combine rigid fusion with a flexible pedicle screw system to prevent adjacent segment disease (ASD. To date, there is no convincing evidence that these devices provide any patient benefits. Methods/Design The study is designed as a randomized, therapy-controlled trial in a clinical care setting at a university hospital. Patients presenting to the outpatient clinic with degenerative disc disease or spondylolisthesis will be assessed against study inclusion and exclusion criteria. After randomization, the control group will undergo conventional fusion. The intervention group will undergo fusion with a supplemental flexible pedicle screw system to protect the adjacent segment ("topping off". Follow-up examination will take place immediately after treatment during hospital stay, after 6 weeks, and then after 6, 12, 24 and 36 months. Subsequently, ongoing assessments will be performed annually. Outcome measurements will include quality of life and pain assessments using questionnaires (SF-36™, ODI, COMI. In addition, clinical and radiologic ASD, work-related disability, and duration of work disability will be assessed. Inpatient and 6-month mortality, surgery-related data (e.g., intraoperative complications, blood loss, length of incision, surgical duration, postoperative complications, adverse events, and serious adverse events will be documented and monitored throughout the study. Cost-effectiveness analysis will also be provided. Discussion New hybrid systems might improve the outcome of lumbar spine fusion. To date, there is no convincing published data on effectiveness or safety of these

  15. Adjacent Lumbar Disc Herniation after Lumbar Short Spinal Fusion

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    Koshi Ninomiya

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A 70-year-old outpatient presented with a chief complaint of sudden left leg motor weakness and sensory disturbance. He had undergone L4/5 posterior interbody fusion with L3–5 posterior fusions for spondylolisthesis 3 years prior, and the screws were removed 1 year later. He has been followed up for 3 years, and there had been no adjacent segment problems before this presentation. Lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI showed a large L2/3 disc hernia descending to the L3/4 level. Compared to the initial MRI, this hernia occurred in an “intact” disc among multilevel severely degenerated discs. Right leg paresis and bladder dysfunction appeared a few days after admission. Microscopic lumbar disc herniotomy was performed. The right leg motor weakness improved just after the operation, but the moderate left leg motor weakness and difficulty in urination persisted.

  16. Mini-open anterior lumbar interbody fusion.

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    Gandhoke, Gurpreet S; Ricks, Christian; Tempel, Zachary; Zuckerbraun, Brian; Hamilton, D Kojo; Okonkwo, David O; Kanter, Adam S

    2016-07-01

    In deformity surgery, anterior lumbar interbody fusion provides excellent biomechanical support, creates a broad surface area for arthrodesis, and induces lordosis in the lower lumbar spine. Preoperative MRI, plain radiographs, and, when available, CT scan should be carefully assessed for sacral slope as it relates to pubic symphysis, position of the great vessels (especially at L4/5), disc space height, or contraindication to an anterior approach. This video demonstrates the steps in an anterior surgical procedure with minimal open exposure. The video can be found here: https://youtu.be/r3bC4_vu1hQ .

  17. Indication of posterior lumbar interbody fusion for lumbar disc herniation.

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    Satoh, Iwao; Yonenobu, Kazuo; Hosono, Noboru; Ohwada, Tetsuo; Fuji, Takeshi; Yoshikawa, Hideki

    2006-04-01

    To examine whether lumbar disc herniation with massive extrusion and/or segmental instability can be an indicator for spinal fusion or not, by comparing the outcome of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and discectomy alone. One hundred seventy-four patients with PLIF and 177 patients with discectomy were retrospectively analyzed. We hypothesized two criteria for fusion: massive herniation and segmental instability. The patients were divided into four groups according to our original criteria: group F-F (n = 96) consisted of the patients who fulfilled the criteria for fusion and underwent PLIF; group nF-F (n = 78) consisted of those who did not fulfill the criteria but had PLIF; group F-nF (n = 30) consisted of those who fulfilled the criteria but underwent discectomy; group nF-nF (n = 147) comprised those who did not fulfill the criteria and underwent discectomy. Each patient was evaluated clinically and radiologically at 5 years after operation. Groups F-F and nF-F had significantly superior results on low back pain compared with group F-nF (F-F vs F-nF, P < 0.05; nF-F vs F-nF, P < 0.01). The frequency of additional operation at the involved level was significantly higher in group F-nF (10.0%) than in group F-F (2.0%) (P < 0.05). Postoperative instability of the adjacent segment developed in 15 cases (8.6%) in groups F-F and nF-F and in 3 cases (1.7%) in groups F-nF and nF-nF (P < 0.01). Lumbar disc herniation with massive herniation or segmental instability can be well treated with PLIF.

  18. [Mechanical studies of lumbar interbody fusion implants].

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    Bader, R J; Steinhauser, E; Rechl, H; Mittelmeier, W; Bertagnoli, R; Gradinger, R

    2002-05-01

    In addition to autogenous or allogeneic bone grafts, fusion cages composed of metal or plastic are being used increasingly as spacers for interbody fusion of spinal segments. The goal of this study was the mechanical testing of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) fusion cages used for anterior lumbar interbody fusion. With a special testing device according to American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards, the mechanical properties of the implants were determined under four different loading conditions. The implants (UNION cages, Medtronic Sofamor Danek) provide sufficient axial compression, shear, and torsional strength of the implant body. Ultimate axial compression load of the fins is less than the physiological compression loads at the lumbar spine. Therefore by means of an appropriate surgical technique parallel grooves have to be reamed into the endplates of the vertebral bodies according to the fin geometry. Thereby axial compression forces affect the implants body and the fins are protected from damaging loading. Using a supplementary anterior or posterior instrumentation, in vivo failure of the fins as a result of physiological shear and torsional spinal loads is unlikely. Due to specific complications related to autogenous or allogeneic bone grafts, fusion cages made of metal or carbon fiber reinforced plastic are an important alternative implant in interbody fusion.

  19. Costs and effects in lumbar spinal fusion

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    Soegaard, Rikke; Christensen, Finn Bjarke; Christiansen, Terkel

    2007-01-01

    ) instrumented posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion, or (3) instrumented posterolateral lumbar spinal fusion + anterior intervertebral support. Analysis of costs was performed at the patient-level, from an administrator's perspective, by means of Activity-Based-Costing. Clinical effects were measured by means...... of the Dallas Pain Questionnaire and the Low Back Pain Rating Scale at baseline and 2 years postoperatively. Regression models were used to reveal determinants for costs and effects. Costs and effects were analyzed as a net-benefit measure to reveal determinants for cost-effectiveness, and finally, adjusted...... of the present investigation is a recommendation to focus further on determinants of cost-effectiveness. For example, patient characteristics that are modifiable at a relatively low expense may have greater influence on cost-effectiveness than the surgical technique itself--at least from an administrator...

  20. Percutaneous fusion of lumbar facet with bone allograft

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    Félix Dolorit Verdecia

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the evolution of the cases treated with percutaneous facet fusion with bone allograft in lumbar facet disease. METHOD: Between 2010 and 2014, 100 patients (59 women and 41 men diagnosed with lumbar facet disease underwent surgery. RESULTS: The lumbar facet fusion with bone allograft shows good clinical results, is performed on an outpatient basis, and presents minimal complications and rapid incorporation of the patient to the activities of daily living. CONCLUSIONS: The lumbar facet fusion with bone allograft appears to be an effective treatment for lumbar facet disease.

  1. Radiographic Results of Minimally Invasive (MIS) Lumbar Interbody Fusion (LIF) Compared with Conventional Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

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    Lim, Jae Kwan; Kim, Sung Min

    2013-06-01

    To evaluate the radiographic results of minimally invasive (MIS) anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). Twelve and nineteen patients who underwent MIS-ALIF, MIS-TLIF, respectively, from 2006 to 2008 were analyzed with a minimum 24-months' follow-up. Additionally, 18 patients treated with single level open TLIF surgery in 2007 were evaluated as a comparative group. X-rays and CT images were evaluated preoperatively, postoperatively, and at the final follow-up. Fusion and subsidence rates were determined, and radiographic parameters, including lumbar lordosis angle (LLA), fused segment angle (FSA), sacral slope angle (SSA), disc height (DH), and foraminal height (FH), were analyzed. These parameters were also compared between the open and MIS-TLIF groups. In the MIS interbody fusion group, statistically significant increases were observed in LLA, FSA, and DH and FH between preoperative and final values. The changes in LLA, FSA, and DH were significantly increased in the MIS-ALIF group compared with the MIS-TLIF group, but SSA and FH were not significantly different. No significant differences were seen between open and MIS-TLIF except for DH. The interbody subsidence and fusion rates of the MIS groups were 12.0±4% and 96%, respectively. Radiographic results of MIS interbody fusion surgery are as favorable as those with conventional surgery regarding fusion, restoration of disc height, foraminal height, and lumbar lordosis. MIS-ALIF is more effective than MIS-TLIF for intervertebral disc height restoration and lumbar lordosis.

  2. A Comparative Study of Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion and Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion in Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis

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    Hughes, Alexander P.; Sama, Andrew A.; Girardi, Federico P.; Lebl, Darren R.; Cammisa, Frank P.

    2015-01-01

    Study Design Level 4 retrospective review. Purpose To compare the radiographic and clinical outcomes between posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) with posterior segmental spinal instrumentation (SSI) for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. Overview of Literature Both PLIF and LLIF have been performed for degenerative spondylolisthesis with good results, but no study has directly compared these two techniques so far. Methods The electronic medical and radiographic records of 78 matched patients were analyzed. In one group, 39 patients underwent PLIF with SSI at 41 levels (L3-4/L4-5), while in the other group, 39 patients underwent the LLIF procedure at 48 levels (L3-4/L4-5). Radiological outcomes such as restoration of disc height and neuroforaminal height, segmental lumbar lordosis, total lumbar lordosis, incidence of endplate fracture, and subsidence were measured. Perioperative parameters were also recorded in each group. Clinical outcome in both groups was assessed by the short form-12, Oswestry disability index and visual analogue scale scores. The average follow-up period was 16.1 months in the LLIF group and 21 months in the PLIF group. Results The restoration of disc height, foraminal height, and segmental lumbar lordosis was significantly better in the LLIF group (p<0.001). The duration of the operation was similar in both groups, but the average blood loss was significantly lower in the LLIF group (p<0.001). However, clinical outcome scores were similar in both groups. Conclusions Safe, effective interbody fusion can be achieved at multiple levels with neuromonitoring by the lateral approach. LLIF is a viable treatment option in patients with new onset symptoms due to degenerative spondylolisthesis who have had previous lumbar spine surgery, and it results in improved sagittal alignment and indirect foraminal decompression. PMID:26435782

  3. Combined anterior lumbar interbody fusion and instrumented posterolateral fusion for degenerative lumbar scoliosis: indication and surgical outcomes

    OpenAIRE

    Hsieh, Ming-Kai; Chen, Lih-Huei; Niu, Chi-Chien; Fu, Tsai-Sheng; Lai, Po-Liang; Chen, Wen-Jer

    2015-01-01

    Background Traditional approaches to deformity correction of degenerative lumbar scoliosis include anterior-posterior approaches and posterior-only approaches. Most patients are treated with posterior-only approaches because the high complication rate of anterior approach. Our purpose is to compare and assess outcomes of combined anterior lumbar interbody fusion and instrumented posterolateral fusion with posterior alone approach for degenerative lumbar scoliosis with spinal stenosis. Methods...

  4. Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion vs. posterolateral instrumented fusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, A; Høy, K; Bünger, C

    2014-01-01

    Long-lasting low back pain is an increasing problem, and for some patients surgery is the final option for improvement. Several techniques for spinal fusion are available and the optimal technique remains uncertain. The objective of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility......-adjusted life year. Sensitivity analysis was conducted and supported the statistical model for handling of missing data. TLIF does not seem to be a relevant alternative to PLF from a socioeconomic, societal point of view.......Long-lasting low back pain is an increasing problem, and for some patients surgery is the final option for improvement. Several techniques for spinal fusion are available and the optimal technique remains uncertain. The objective of this study was to assess the cost-effectiveness and cost......-utility of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) compared to posterolateral instrumented fusion (PLF) from the societal perspective. 100 Patients were randomized to TLIF or PLF (51/49) and followed for 2 years. Cost data were acquired from national registers, and outcomes were measured using the Oswestry Disability...

  5. Comparison of three calcium phosphate bone graft substitutes from biomechanical, histological, and crystallographic perspectives using a rat posterolateral lumbar fusion model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu, Ming-Hsien [Department of Biomedical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Department of Orthopedics, Show-Chwan Memorial Hospital, Changhua 50544, Taiwan (China); Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei 112, Taiwan (China); Lee, Pei-Yuan [Department of Biomedical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Department of Orthopedics, Show-Chwan Memorial Hospital, Changhua 50544, Taiwan (China); Chen, Wen-Cheng, E-mail: wincheng0925@yahoo.com.tw [Department of Fiber and Composite Materials, College of Engineering, Feng Chia University, Taichung 40724, Taiwan (China); Hu, Jin-Jia, E-mail: jjhu@mail.ncku.edu.tw [Department of Biomedical Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China); Medical Device Innovation Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan (China)

    2014-12-01

    This study evaluated the effectiveness of three calcium phosphate bone graft substitutes with different chemical compositions on spinal fusion using a rat posterolateral lumbar fusion model. Specifically, two recently developed non-dispersive tetracalcium phosphate/dicalcium phosphate anhydrous-based calcium phosphate cements (CPCs), namely a CPC consisting of equimolar amounts of the two compounds (nd-CPC) and a CPC consisting of a two-fold greater amount of dicalcium phosphate anhydrous (DCP-rich CPC), were compared with a commercial calcium phosphate bone graft (c-CPG) consisting of hydroxyapatite (60%) and β-tricalcium phosphate (40%). Single-level posterolateral lumbar fusion was performed at the L4–L5 vertebrae in fifteen adult rats (n = 5 for each group). Spinal fusion was evaluated with radiographs, manual palpation, mechanical testing, micro-CT, and histology 8 weeks post-surgery. In particular, the crystallographic phases in the three substitutes were identified before and 8 weeks after their implantation. Manual palpation revealed stable constructs in nearly all of the spine specimens. The stiffness and bending load of fused spines in the two CPC groups were comparable to those in the c-CPG group. The radiographs specifically revealed implant resorption and bone remodeling in the DCP-rich CPC group. Analysis of 3D micro-CT images revealed that the bone volume ratio in the DCP-rich CPC group was significantly greater than those in the nd-CPC and c-CPG groups. Histology showed that the DCP-rich CPC group exhibited the highest degree of bone regeneration and osseointegration. Notably, DCP-rich CPC led to a pronounced phase transformation, generating the greatest amount of poorly crystalline apatite among the three groups, which together with adequate resorption may explain the aforementioned positive findings. We therefore conclude that of the bone graft substitutes considered, DCP-rich CPC has the greatest potential to be used in spinal fusion

  6. Biomechanical comparison of a two-level Maverick disc replacement with a hybrid one-level disc replacement and one-level anterior lumbar interbody fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erkan, Serkan; Rivera, Yamil; Wu, Chunhui; Mehbod, Amir A; Transfeldt, Ensor E

    2009-10-01

    Multilevel lumbar disc disease (MLDD) is a common finding in many patients. Surgical solutions for MLDD include fusion or disc replacement. The hybrid model, combining fusion and disc replacement, is a potential alternative for patients who require surgical intervention at both L5-S1 and L4-L5. The indications for this hybrid model could be posterior element insufficiency, severe facet pathology, calcified ligamentum flavum, and subarticular disease confirming spinal stenosis at L5-S1 level, or previous fusion surgery at L5-S1 and new symptomatic pathology at L4-L5. Biomechanical data of the hybrid model with the Maverick disc and anterior fusion are not available in the literature. To compare the biomechanical properties of a two-level Maverick disc replacement at L4-L5, L5-S1, and a hybrid model consisting of an L4-L5 Maverick disc replacement with an L5-S1 anterior lumbar interbody fusion using multidirectional flexibility test. An in vitro human cadaveric biomechanical study. Six fresh human cadaveric lumbar specimens (L4-S1) were subjected to unconstrained load in axial torsion (AT), lateral bending (LB), flexion (F), extension (E), and flexion-extension (FE) using multidirectional flexibility test. Four surgical treatments-intact, one-level Maverick at L5-S1, two-level Maverick between L4 and S1, and the hybrid model (anterior fusion at L5-S1 and Maverick at L4-L5) were tested in sequential order. The range of motion of each treatment was calculated. The Maverick disc replacement slightly reduced intact motion in AT and LB at both levels. The total FE motion was similar to the intact motion. However, the E motion is significantly increased (approximately 50% higher) and F motion is significantly decreased (30%-50% lower). The anterior fusion using a cage and anterior plate significantly reduced spinal motion compared with the condition (pMaverick disc prosthesis and the hybrid model in terms of all motion types at L4-L5 level (p>.05). The Maverick disc

  7. Efficacy of post-operative analgesia after posterior lumbar instrumented fusion for degenerative disc disease: a prospective randomized comparison of epidural catheter and intravenous administration of analgesics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Torsten Kluba

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This prospective study aimed to compare the efficacy of epidural (EDA versus intravenous (PCA application of analgesics after lumbar fusion. Fifty-two patients scheduled for elective posterior instrumented lumbar fusion were randomized into two groups. EDA patients received an epidural catheter intraoperatively, and administration of ropivacain and sulfentanil was started after a normal post-operative wake-up test in the recovery room area. PCA patients received intravenous opioids in the post-operative period. Differences between EDA and PCA groups in terms of patient satisfaction with respect to pain relief were not significant. Nevertheless, EDA patients reported less pain on the third day after surgery. There were significantly more side effects in the EDA group, including complete reversible loss of sensory function and motor weakness. There were no major side effects, such as infection or persisting neurological deficits, in either group. The routine use of epidural anesthesia for lumbar spine surgery has too many risks and offers very little advantage over PCA.

  8. Clinical study of bilateral decompression via vertebral lamina fenestration for lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of lower lumbar instability

    OpenAIRE

    Guo, Shuguang; Sun, Junying; TANG, GENLIN

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to observe the clinical effects of bilateral decompression via vertebral lamina fenestration for lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of lower lumbar instability. The 48 patients comprised 27 males and 21 females, aged 47–72 years. Three cases had first and second degree lumbar spondylolisthesis and all received bilateral vertebral lamina fenestration for posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) using a threaded fusion cage (TFC), which maintains the three-column...

  9. Comparison of three calcium phosphate bone graft substitutes from biomechanical, histological, and crystallographic perspectives using a rat posterolateral lumbar fusion model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Ming-Hsien; Lee, Pei-Yuan; Chen, Wen-Cheng; Hu, Jin-Jia

    2014-12-01

    This study evaluated the effectiveness of three calcium phosphate bone graft substitutes with different chemical compositions on spinal fusion using a rat posterolateral lumbar fusion model. Specifically, two recently developed non-dispersive tetracalcium phosphate/dicalcium phosphate anhydrous-based calcium phosphate cements (CPCs), namely a CPC consisting of equimolar amounts of the two compounds (nd-CPC) and a CPC consisting of a two-fold greater amount of dicalcium phosphate anhydrous (DCP-rich CPC), were compared with a commercial calcium phosphate bone graft (c-CPG) consisting of hydroxyapatite (60%) and β-tricalcium phosphate (40%). Single-level posterolateral lumbar fusion was performed at the L4-L5 vertebrae in fifteen adult rats (n=5 for each group). Spinal fusion was evaluated with radiographs, manual palpation, mechanical testing, micro-CT, and histology 8 weeks post-surgery. In particular, the crystallographic phases in the three substitutes were identified before and 8 weeks after their implantation. Manual palpation revealed stable constructs in nearly all of the spine specimens. The stiffness and bending load of fused spines in the two CPC groups were comparable to those in the c-CPG group. The radiographs specifically revealed implant resorption and bone remodeling in the DCP-rich CPC group. Analysis of 3D micro-CT images revealed that the bone volume ratio in the DCP-rich CPC group was significantly greater than those in the nd-CPC and c-CPG groups. Histology showed that the DCP-rich CPC group exhibited the highest degree of bone regeneration and osseointegration. Notably, DCP-rich CPC led to a pronounced phase transformation, generating the greatest amount of poorly crystalline apatite among the three groups, which together with adequate resorption may explain the aforementioned positive findings. We therefore conclude that of the bone graft substitutes considered, DCP-rich CPC has the greatest potential to be used in spinal fusion.

  10. Minimally invasive percutaneous posterior lumbar interbody fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khoo, Larry T; Palmer, Sylvain; Laich, Daniel T; Fessler, Richard G

    2002-11-01

    The wide exposure required for a standard posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) can cause unnecessary trauma to the lumbar musculoligamentous complex. By combining existing microendoscopic, percutaneous instrumentation and interbody technologies, a novel, minimally invasive, percutaneous PLIF technique was developed to minimize such iatrogenic tissue injury (MIP-PLIF). The MIP-PLIF technique was validated in three cadaveric torsos with six motion segments decompressed and fused. Preoperative variables measured from imaging included interpedicular distance, pedicular height and width, interspinous distance, lordosis, intervertebral height, Cobb angle, and foraminal height and volume. Using the METRx and MD spinal access systems (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, TN), bilateral laminotomies were performed using a hybrid of microsurgical and microendoscopic techniques. The intervertebral disc spaces were then distracted and prepared with the Tangent (Medtronic Sofamor Danek) interbody instruments. Either a 10 or 12 by 22 mm interbody graft was then placed. Using the Sextant (Medtronic Sofamor Danek) system, percutaneous pedicle screw-rod fixation of the motion segment was completed. We then applied MIP-PLIF in three patients. For segments with preoperative intervertebral/foraminal height loss, MIP-PLIF was effective in restoring both heights in all cases. The amount of improvement (9.7 to 38% disc height increase; 7.7 to 29.9% foraminal height increase) varied directly with the size of the graft used and the original degree of disc and foraminal height loss. Segmental lordosis improved by 29% on average. Graft and screw placement was accurate in the cadavers, except for a single Grade 1 screw violation of one pedicle. The average operative time was 3.5 hours per level. In our three clinical cases, the MIP-PLIF procedure required a mean of 5.4 hours, estimated blood loss was 185 ml, and inpatient stay was 2.8 days, with no intravenous narcotic use after 2 days in

  11. Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion versus posterolateral fusion in degenerative lumbar spondylosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Bin-Fei; Ge, Chao-Yuan; Zheng, Bo-Long; Hao, Ding-Jun

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) versus posterolateral fusion (PLF) in degenerative lumbar spondylosis. Methods: A systematic literature review was performed to obtain randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational studies (OSs) of TLIF and PLF for degenerative lumbar spondylosis. Trials performed before November 2015 were retrieved from the Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and Chinese databases. Data extraction and quality evaluation of the trials were performed independently by 2 investigators. A meta-analysis was performed using STATA version 12.0. Results: Two RCTs and 5 OSs of 630 patients were included. Of these subjects, 325 were in the TLIF and 305 were in the PLF group. Results showed that TLIF did not increase the fusion rate based on RCTs (relative risk [RR] = 1.06; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.95–1.18; P = 0.321), but increased it based on OSs (RR = 1.14; 95% CI: 1.07–1.23; P = 0.000) and overall (RR = 1.11; 95% CI: 1.05–1.18; P = 0.001) as compared with PLF. TLIF was able to improve the clinical outcomes based on 1 RCT (RR = 1.33; 95% CI: 1.11–1.59, P = 0.002) and overall (RR = 1.19; 95% CI: 1.07–1.33; P = 0.001), but not based on OSs (RR = 1.11; 95% CI: 0.97–1.27; P = 0.129) as compared with PLF. There were no differences between TLIF and PLF in terms of visual analogue scale, Oswestry Disability Index, reoperation, complications, duration of surgical procedure, blood loss, and hospitalization. Conclusions: In conclusion, evidence is not sufficient to support that TLIF provides higher fusion rate than PLF, and this poor evidence indicates that TLIF might improve only clinical outcomes. Higher quality, multicenter RCTs are needed to better define the role of TLIF and PLF. PMID:27749558

  12. OUTCOME OF POSTEROLATERAL FUSION VERSUS CIRCUMFERENTIAL FUSION WITH CAGE FOR LUMBAR STENOSIS AND LOW DEGREE LUMBAR SPONDYLOLISTHESIS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the outcome of two methods for stabilization and fusion: posterolateral fusion and circumferential fusion involving posterior lumbar interbody fusion for lumbar stenosis with Grades 1 and 2 lumbar spondylolisthesis. Methods From April 1998 to April 2003, 45 patients suffering from lumbar stenosis with low degree lumbar spondylolisthesis treated in our hospital were retrospectively reviewed and assigned to two groups. Among them, 24 patients (group A) were treated with instrumented posterolateral fusion and 21 patients (group B) with instrumented circumferential fusion. The two groups were compared for clinical and radiological outcomes. Results All patients were followed up for 12 to 72 months. In group A, results showed preoperative clinical symptoms disappeared completely in 12 of 24 patients, and pain relief was seen in 91.7% (22/24). Two cases suffered from residual symptoms. Twenty-two cases obtained complete reduction of olisthy vertebral bodies, and anatomical reduction rate was 91.7%. No infection or neurological complication occurred in this group. In group B, results showed preoperative clinical symptoms disappeared completely in 13 of 21 patients, and pain relief was seen in 90. 5% ( 19/21 ). One case suffered from residual symptoms. Twenty cases obtained complete reduction of the olisthy vertebral bodies, and anatomical reduction rate was 95.2%. Four cases of infection or neurological complication occurred in this group. Both groups indicated no significant difference in clinical outcomes and anatomical reduction rate during followup. But group A had better intraoperative circumstances and postoperative outcome than group B, while group B had better postoperative parameters in X-ray of Angle of Slipping and Disc Index than group A.Conclusions The first choice of surgical method for lumbar stenosis with low degree lumbar spondylolisthesis is instrumented posterolateral fusion. Only when patients suffer from severe preoperative disc

  13. Adverse Event Recording and Reporting in Clinical Trials Comparing Lumbar Disk Replacement with Lumbar Fusion: A Systematic Review

    OpenAIRE

    HIRATZKA, JAYME; Rastegar, Farbod; Contag, Alec G.; Norvell, Daniel C.; Anderson, Paul A.; Hart, Robert A

    2015-01-01

    Study Design Systematic review. Objectives (1) To compare the quality of adverse event (AE) methodology and reporting among randomized trials comparing lumbar fusion with lumbar total disk replacement (TDR) using established AE reporting systems; (2) to compare the AEs and reoperations of lumbar spinal fusion with those from lumbar TDR; (3) to make recommendations on how to report AEs in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) so that surgeons and patients have more-detailed and comprehensive inf...

  14. The Effect of Early Initiation of Rehabilitation after Lumbar Spinal Fusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oestergaard, Lisa Gregersen; Nielsen, Claus Vinther; Bünger, Cody E;

    2012-01-01

    examined patients' subsequent rehabilitation. Group-based rehabilitation is both efficient and cost-effective in rehabilitation of lumbar spinal fusion patients.Methods: Patients with degenerative disc diseases undergoing instrumented lumbar spinal fusion were randomly assigned to initiate...

  15. Multiexpandable cage for minimally invasive posterior lumbar interbody fusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coe, Jeffrey D; Zucherman, James F; Kucharzyk, Donald W; Poelstra, Kornelis A; Miller, Larry E; Kunwar, Sandeep

    2016-01-01

    The increasing adoption of minimally invasive techniques for spine surgery in recent years has led to significant advancements in instrumentation for lumbar interbody fusion. Percutaneous pedicle screw fixation is now a mature technology, but the role of expandable cages is still evolving. The capability to deliver a multiexpandable interbody cage with a large footprint through a narrow surgical cannula represents a significant advancement in spinal surgery technology. The purpose of this report is to describe a multiexpandable lumbar interbody fusion cage, including implant characteristics, intended use, surgical technique, preclinical testing, and early clinical experience. Results to date suggest that the multiexpandable cage allows a less invasive approach to posterior/transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion surgery by minimizing iatrogenic risks associated with static or vertically expanding interbody prostheses while providing immediate vertebral height restoration, restoration of anatomic alignment, and excellent early-term clinical results. PMID:27729817

  16. Prosthetic Dislocation and Revision After Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty in Lumbar Fusion Patients: A Propensity Score Matched-Pair Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perfetti, Dean C; Schwarzkopf, Ran; Buckland, Aaron J; Paulino, Carl B; Vigdorchik, Jonathan M

    2017-05-01

    Lumbar-pelvic fusion reduces the variation in pelvic tilt in functional situations by reducing lumbar spine flexibility, which is thought to be important in maintaining stability of a total hip arthroplasty (THA). We compared dislocation and revision rates for patients with lumbar fusion and subsequent THA to a matched comparison cohort with hip and spine degenerative changes undergoing only THA. We identified patients in New York State who underwent primary elective lumbar fusion for degenerative disc disease pathology and subsequent THA between January 2005 and December 2012. A propensity score match was performed to compare 934 patients with prior lumbar fusion to 934 patients with only THA according to age, gender, race, Deyo comorbidity score, year of surgery, and surgeon volume. Revision and dislocation rates were assessed at 3, 6, and 12 months post-THA. At 12 months, patients with prior lumbar fusion had significantly increased rates of THA dislocation (control: 0.4%; fusion: 3.0%; P < .001) and revision (control: 0.9%; fusion: 3.9%; P < .001). At 12 months, fusion patients were 7.19 times more likely to dislocate their THA (P < .001) and 4.64 times more likely to undergo revision (P < .001). Patients undergoing lumbar fusion and subsequent THA have significantly higher risks of dislocation and revision of their hip arthroplasty than a matched cohort of patients with similar hip and spine pathology but only undergoing THA. During preoperative consultation for patients with prior lumbar fusion, orthopedic surgeons must educate the patient and family about the increased risk of dislocation and revision. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Dynamic stabilization for L4-5 spondylolisthesis: comparison with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with more than 2 years of follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Chao-Hung; Chang, Peng-Yuan; Wu, Jau-Ching; Chang, Hsuan-Kan; Fay, Li-Yu; Tu, Tsung-Hsi; Cheng, Henrich; Huang, Wen-Cheng

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE In the past decade, dynamic stabilization has been an emerging option of surgical treatment for lumbar spondylosis. However, the application of this dynamic construct for mild spondylolisthesis and its clinical outcomes remain uncertain. This study aimed to compare the outcomes of Dynesys dynamic stabilization (DDS) with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) for the management of single-level spondylolisthesis at L4-5. METHODS This study retrospectively reviewed 91 consecutive patients with Meyerding Grade I spondylolisthesis at L4-5 who were managed with surgery. Patients were divided into 2 groups: DDS and MI-TLIF. The DDS group was composed of patients who underwent standard laminectomy and the DDS system. The MI-TLIF group was composed of patients who underwent MI-TLIF. Clinical outcomes were evaluated by visual analog scale for back and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index, and Japanese Orthopaedic Association scores at each time point of evaluation. Evaluations included radiographs and CT scans for every patient for 2 years after surgery. RESULTS A total of 86 patients with L4-5 spondylolisthesis completed the follow-up of more than 2 years and were included in the analysis (follow-up rate of 94.5%). There were 64 patients in the DDS group and 22 patients in the MI-TLIF group, and the overall mean follow-up was 32.7 months. Between the 2 groups, there were no differences in demographic data (e.g., age, sex, and body mass index) or preoperative clinical evaluations (e.g., visual analog scale back and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index, and Japanese Orthopaedic Association scores). The mean estimated blood loss of the MI-TLIF group was lower, whereas the operation time was longer compared with the DDS group (both p spondylolisthesis at L4-5. DDS might be an alternative to standard arthrodesis in mild lumbar spondylolisthesis. However, unlike fusion, dynamic implants have issues of wearing and loosening in the long term

  18. ANALYSIS OF INTERBODY VERSUS POSTEROLATERAL FUSION FOR LUMBAR SPONDYLOSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Góes Medéa de Mendonça

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective : To evaluate and compare radiographic and clinical evaluation of patients undergoing interbody fusion versus posterolateral fusion of the lumbar spine. Methods : Retrospective study of patients diagnosed with lumbar spondylosis that were surgically treated in the period from 2012 to 2014. The results were observed by clinical evaluation by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS for low back and leg pain. We evaluated functional results and quality of life through the application of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI and the Short Form-36 (SF-36 questionnaires, respectively. The pre and postoperative condition were compared in Group 1 (interbody fusion and Group 2 (posterolateral fusion, in addition to evaluation of fusion by means of post-operative radiograph. Results : A total of 30 patients of 36 were eligible, 12 in Group 1 and 18 in Group 2. The mean follow-up was 10.1 months. Statistical analysis showed similar scores for back and leg pain VAS, SF-36 function scores and Oswestry between groups with interbody and posterolateral fusion, and compared within these groups regarding the pre- and postoperative condition, and found no statistical significance. The successful fusion was similar in both groups, with 11 of 12 patients in Group 1 showing bone fusion and 17 of 18 in Group 2 showing arthrodesis. Conclusion : No clinical or radiographic differences between patients who underwent posterolateral or interbody fusion were observed. Both methods showed improvement in functional outcome and pain reduction.

  19. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion via a unilateral approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Hyun Chul; Yi, Seong; Kim, Keung Nyun; Kim, Sang Hyun; Yoon, Do Heum

    2006-06-30

    This study sought to determine the outcomes of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF), via a unilateral approach, in selected patients who presented with unilateral leg pain and segmental instability of the lumbar spine. Patients with a single level of a herniated disc disease in the lumbar spine, unilateral leg pain, chronic disabling lower back pain (LBP), and a failed conservative treatment, were considered for the procedure. A total of 41 patients underwent a single-level PLIF using two PEEK (Poly-Ether-Ether-Ketone) cages filled with iliac bone, via a unilateral approach. The patients comprised 21 women and 20 men with a mean age of 41 years (range: 22 to 63 years). Two cages were inserted using a unilateral medial facetectomy and a partial hemilaminectomy. At follow-up, the outcomes were assessed using the Prolo Scale. The success of the fusion was determined by dynamic lumbar radiography and/or computerized tomography scanning. All the patients safely underwent surgery without severe complications. During a mean follow-up period of 26 months, 1 patient underwent percutaneous pedicle screw fixation due to persistent LBP. A posterior displacement of the cage was found in one patient. At the last follow up, 90% of the patients demonstrated satisfactory results. An osseous fusion was present in 85% of the patients. A PLIF, via a unilateral approach, enables a solid union with satisfactory clinical results. This preserves part of the posterior elements of the lumbar spine in selected patients with single level instability and unilateral leg pain.

  20. Roseomonas Spinal Epidural Abscess Complicating Instrumented Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

    OpenAIRE

    Maraki, Sofia; Bantouna, Vasiliki; Lianoudakis, Efstratios; Stavrakakis, Ioannis; Scoulica, Efstathia

    2013-01-01

    The first case of a spinal epidural abscess caused by Roseomonas mucosa following instrumented posterior lumbar fusion is presented. Although rare, because of its highly resistant profile, Roseomonas species should be included in the differential diagnosis of epidural abscesses in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent hosts.

  1. Roseomonas spinal epidural abscess complicating instrumented posterior lumbar interbody fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maraki, Sofia; Bantouna, Vasiliki; Lianoudakis, Efstratios; Stavrakakis, Ioannis; Scoulica, Efstathia

    2013-07-01

    The first case of a spinal epidural abscess caused by Roseomonas mucosa following instrumented posterior lumbar fusion is presented. Although rare, because of its highly resistant profile, Roseomonas species should be included in the differential diagnosis of epidural abscesses in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent hosts.

  2. Comparison of the clinical effect between posterior lumbar interbody fusion and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of degenerative spondylolithesis and instability%后路腰椎椎体间融合与经椎间孔腰椎椎体间融合治疗退行性腰椎滑脱与不稳疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗远明; 徐跃根; 卢厚微; 杨东方

    2012-01-01

    Objective To compare the therapeutic effect of posterior lumbar interbody fusion ( PLIF ) and transforami-nal lumbar interbody fusion ( TLIF ) with pedicle screw fixation on treatment in lumbar degenerative disease. Methods 86 patients were underwent PLIF( PLIF group ) and 76 cases were underwent TLIF( TLIF group ) with one cage and pedicle fixation in 162 patients with lumbar degenerative disease. Operating time and blood loss were quantified, average slip and reduction rate in spondylolithesis, average intervertebral and foramen height were evaluated in preop-eration and postoperation. Pain recorded according to visual analogue scale( VAS ) , functional disability according to oswestry disablity index ( ODI ), and bone graft fusion rate according to Brantigan and Steffee criteria. Results Compared to PLIF group, it took shorter operating time and less blood loss in TLIF group, there was no statistical significance in spondylolithesis, reduction rate, intervertebral and foramen height, VAS, ODI, bone graft fusion rate between the two groups( P >0. 05 ), but there was fewer complications in TLIF group( P 0.05).结论 PLIF与TLIF均为手术治疗退行性脊柱滑脱与不稳的有效方法,而TLIF手术时间短、失血量少,并发症少.

  3. POSTERIOR LUMBAR INTERBODY FUSION AND INSTRUMENTED POSTEROLATERAL FUSION IN ADULT SPONDYLOLISTHESIS: ASSESSMENT AND CLINICAL OUTCOME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajarajan

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Aim of this study is to assess and compare the outcomes of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF and posterolateral fusion (PLF in adult isthmic spondylosthesis. BACKGROUND: Posterolateral fusion has been considered the best method and widely been used for surgical treatment of adult spondylolisthesis.Superior results have subsequently been reported with interbody fusion with cages and posterior instrumentation MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty six patients with isthmic spondylolisthesis were operated. One group (20 patients had decompression and posterolateral fusion (PLF with a pedicle screw system; other group (16 patients was treated by decompression, posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF and a Pedicle screw system. In both groups adequate decompression was done RESULTS: Seventy seven percent of the patients had a good result with (PLIF and 68 percent with posterolateral fusion (PLF. However there was no statistical difference in cases with low grade slipping, whereas the difference was significant for cases with high grade slipping. Fusion rate was 93% with (PLIF and 68% with (PLF, but without any significant incidence in the functional outcome. 78% has relief of sciatica and neurogenic claudication. CONCLUSION: Based on these findings we found that for high grade spondylolisthesis which requires reduction or if the disc space is still high posterior lumbar inter body fusion is preferable. For low grade spondylolisthesis or if the disc space is narrow posterolateral fusion is preferable. A successful result of fusion operation depends on adequate decompression which relieves radicular symptoms.

  4. Comparison of fusion rate and clinical results between CaO-SiO2-P2O5-B2O3 bioactive glass ceramics spacer with titanium cages in posterior lumbar interbody fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jae Hyup; Kong, Chang-Bae; Yang, Jae Jun; Shim, Hee-Jong; Koo, Ki-Hyoung; Kim, Jeehyoung; Lee, Choon-Ki; Chang, Bong-Soon

    2016-11-01

    The CaO-SiO2-P2O5-B2O3 glass ceramics spacer generates chemical bonding to adjacent bones with high mechanical stability to produce a union with the end plate, and ultimately stability. The authors aimed to compare the clinical efficacy and safety of CaO-SiO2-P2O5-B2O3 glass ceramics with a titanium cage that is widely used for posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) surgery in the clinical field. This is a prospective, stratified randomized, multicenter, single-blinded, comparator-controlled non-inferiority trial. The present study was conducted in four hospitals and enrolled a total of 86 patients between 30 and 80 years of age who required one-level PLIF due to severe spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, or huge disc herniation. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36), and pain visual analog scale (VAS) were assessed before surgery and at 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery. The spinal fusion rate was assessed at 6 and 12 months after surgery. The spinal fusion rate and the area of fusion, subsidence of each CaO-SiO2-P2O5-B2O3 glass ceramics and titanium cage, and the extent of osteolysis were evaluated using a dynamic plain radiography and a three-dimensional computed tomography at 12 months after surgery. The present study was supported by BioAlpha, and some authors (JHL, C-KL, and B-SC) have stock ownership (glass ceramics group and the titanium group were 89.7% and 91.4%, respectively. In addition, the 12-month fusion rates based on CT scan were 89.7% and 91.2%, respectively, showing no significant difference. However, the bone fusion area directly attached to the end plate of either bioactive glass ceramics or the titanium cage was significantly higher in the bioactive glass ceramics group than in the titanium group. The ODI, SF-36, back pain, and lower limb pain in both groups significantly improved after surgery, with no significant differences between the groups. No significant differences between the two groups were

  5. Minimal invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion versus open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulkarni, Arvind G; Bohra, Hussain; Dhruv, Abhilash; Sarraf, Abhishek; Bassi, Anupreet; Patil, Vishwanath M

    2016-01-01

    Background: The aim of the present prospective study is to evaluate whether the touted advantages of minimal invasive-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) translate into superior, equal, or inferior outcomes as compared to open-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (O-TLIF). This is the first study from the Indian subcontinent prospectively comparing the outcomes of MI-TLIF and O-TLIF. Materials and Methods: All consecutive cases of open and MI-TLIF were prospectively followed up. Single-level TLIF procedures for spondylolytic and degenerative conditions (degenerative spondylolisthesis, central disc herniations) operated between January 2011 and January 2013 were included. The pre and postoperative Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and visual analog scale (VAS) for back pain and leg pain, length of hospital stay, operative time, radiation exposure, quantitative C-reactive protein (QCRP), and blood loss were compared between the two groups. The parameters were statistically analyzed (using IBM® SPSS® Statistics version 17). Results: 129 patients underwent TLIF procedure during the study period of which, 71 patients (46 MI-TLIF and 25 O-TLIF) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Of these, a further 10 patients were excluded on account of insufficient data and/or no followup. The mean followup was 36.5 months (range 18-54 months). The duration of hospital stay (O-TLIF 5.84 days + 2.249, MI-TLIF 4.11 days + 1.8, P blood loss (open 358.8 ml, MI 111.81 ml, P group. On an average, 57.77 fluoroscopic exposures were required in MI-TLIF which was significantly higher than in O-TLIF (8.2). There was no statistically significant difference in the improvement in ODI and VAS scores in MI-TLIF and O-TLIF groups. The change in QCRP values preoperative and postoperative was significantly lower (P group than in O-TLIF group, indicating lesser tissue trauma. Conclusion: The results in MI TLIF are comparable with O-TLIF in terms of outcomes. The advantages of MI-TLIF are

  6. MIS Fusion of the SI Joint: Does Prior Lumbar Spinal Fusion Affect Patient Outcomes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudolf, Leonard

    2013-01-01

    Sacroiliac (SI) joint pain is a challenging condition to manage as it can mimic discogenic or radicular low back pain, and present as low back, hip, groin and/or buttock pain. Patients may present with a combination of lumbar spine and SI joint symptoms, further complicating the diagnosis and treatment algorithm [1-3]. SI joint pain after lumbar spinal fusion has been reported in the literature. Both clinical and biomechanical studies show the SI joint to be susceptible to increased motion and stress at the articular surface with up to 40-75% of patients developing significant SI joint degeneration after 5 years. In a recent case series study of 50 patients who underwent minimally invasive SI joint arthrodesis, 50% had undergone previous lumbar spinal fusion and 18% had symptomatic lumbar spine pathology treated conservatively [4]. The purpose of this study is to determine if history of previous lumbar fusion or lumbar pathology affects patient outcomes after MIS SI joint fusion surgery. We report on 40 patients with 24 month follow up treated with MIS SI joint fusion using a series of triangular porous plasma coated titanium implants (iFuse, SI-Bone, Inc. San Jose, CA). Outcomes using a numerical rating scale (NRS) for pain were obtained at 3-, 6-, 12- and 24 month follow up intervals. Additionally, patient satisfaction was collected at the latest follow up interval. Patients were separated into 3 cohorts: 1) underwent prior lumbar spine fusion (PF), 2) no history of previous lumbar spine fusion (NF), 3) no history of previous lumbar spine fusion with symptomatic lumbar spine pathology treated conservatively (LP). A repeated measures analysis of variance (rANOVA) was used to determine if the change in NRS pain scores differed across timepoints and subgroups. A decrease in NRS by 2 points was deemed clinically significant [5]. Mean age was 54 (±13) years and varied slightly but not statistically between groups. All subgroups experienced a clinically and

  7. Retrospective clinical comparison of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion via Quadrant minimally invasive system versus open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease%经Quadrant通道下微创TLIF与开放TLIF治疗腰椎退变性疾病疗效的对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤优; 张为; 申勇; 丁文元; 刘鹏飞; 刘元彬

    2012-01-01

    [目的]对比分析应用Quadrant通道经椎间孔椎间融合(transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion via Quadrant minimally invasive system)技术与传统开放经椎间孔椎间融合技术治疗单间隙退变性腰椎疾病的临床疗效.[方法]回顾2010年1月~2010年4月间本院45例腰椎单间隙退变性疾病患者,随机分成两组,其中20例接受经Quadrant通道下微创TLIF手术治疗;另外25例接受传统开放TLIF手术治疗.比较两组各项指标,包括手术切口长度、手术时间、出血量、术前与术后肌红蛋白变化率、术后引流量、下地活动时间、术后住院时间、视觉疼痛模拟(VAS)评分、Oswestry功能障碍指数(ODI)评分.[结果]与传统组相比,Quadrant微创组在术中、术后各项指标包括:手术切口长度、出血量、引流量、术前与术后肌红蛋白变化率、下地活动时间、术后住院时间均优于传统组(P<0.05或P<0.01).所有患者均获得2年随访,Quadrant微创组在术后1周,1、3、6个月VAS评分和ODI评分显著优于传统组(P <0.05或P<0.01);在术后1年、2年两组VAS评分和ODI评分差异逐渐减小,无统计学意义(P>0.05).[结论]经Quadrant通道微创TLIF技术手术创伤小、出血少、恢复快,近期疗效肯定,是一种安全、可靠的微创方法.%[Objective] To compare clinical effect of mini - TL1F via Quadrant minimally invasive system versus open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of single level lumbar degenerative disease. [ Methods] From Jan. 2010 to Apr. 2010, a total of 45 patients with single level lumbar degenerative disease were divided into 2 groups randomly. Twenty cases in group 1 underwent mini - TLIF via Quadrant minimally invasive system and others in group 2 underwent open -TLIF. Length of incision, operating time, blood loss, changing rate of myoglobin, volume of drainage after operation, time of ambulation, and hospital stay after surgery et al. and two

  8. A Change in Lumbar Sagittal Alignment After Single-level Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Lumbar Degenerative Spondylolisthesis With Normal Sagittal Balance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Chi Heon; Chung, Chun Kee; Park, Sung Bae; Yang, Seung Heon; Kim, Jung-Hee

    2017-08-01

    Retrospective analysis. The object is to assess the correlation between whole lumbar lordosis (LL) and the segmental angle (SA) after single-level anterior lumbar interbody fusion for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. The restoration of the SA at lower lumbar spine is meaningful, considering it contributes approximately 60% of LL, and revision surgery due to flat back or adjacent segment pathology was necessary decades after the initial surgery. However, little is known about the change of whole lumbar curvature after single-level lower lumbar fusion surgery, especially for balanced spine. We included 41 consecutive patients (M:F=9:32; mean age, 59.8±9.3 y) with a single-level anterior lumbar interbody fusion surgery for low-grade degenerative spinal spondylolisthesis, with C7 plumb line of sagittal alignment was influenced by single SA. Therefore, obtaining adequate segmental lordosis is desirable considering the effect on the whole spine for a long time.

  9. Osteotomies through a fusion mass in the lumbar spine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vital, Jean-Marc; Boissière, Louis; Bourghli, Anouar; Castelain, Jean-Etienne; Challier, Vincent; Obeid, Ibrahim

    2015-01-01

    Flat-back syndrome is one of the main causes of surgical failure after lumbar fusion and can lead to a revision surgery to correct it. Three-column pedicle subtraction osteotomy is an efficient technique to restore lumbar lordosis (LL) for fixed sagittal malalignment. The fusion mass stemming from the past surgeries makes the procedure demanding as most anatomical landmarks are missing. This review article will focus on the correction of this lack of LL through the fusion mass. We will successively review the preoperative management, the surgical specificities, and various types of clinical cases that can be encountered in flat-back syndromes. PSO in the fixed fusion mass is technically demanding. Preoperative CT-scan and preoperative navigation allow us to push the limits when anatomical landmarks disappear. Bleeding and neurologic are the two major complications feared by the surgeon. The best way to avoid these revision surgeries is to restore a proper lumbar lordosis at the time of initial surgery by considering lumbo-pelvic indexes.

  10. Problems of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) for the rheumatoid spondylitis of the lumbar spine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inaoka, Masahiro; Tada, Koichi; Yonenobu, Kazuo

    2002-03-01

    We performed posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) on 7 patients with rheumatoid spondylitis (RA) of the lumbar spine with severe low-back pain and/or cauda equina symptoms, and evaluated the effectiveness of PLIF for the lumbar spinal instability in RA secondary to destruction of the anterior elements, including vertebral endplates and the apophyseal joint. The subjects were 7 patients with classic RA, 2 men and 5 women, mean age 65 years old, and the mean duration of RA was 21 years. All had severe low-back pain and difficulty with walking. According to the ARA classification, the patients were at stage 3 or worse and in class 3. Diagnostic imaging including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), tomography, myelography, and computed tomographic myelography (CTM) of the lumbar spine clearly delineated pathology, destruction of the vertebral endplate, subluxation, and cauda compression which can be well treated with PLIF. We performed L4/5PLIF (5 cases), L3/4 and L4/5 PLIF (2 cases), and posterior fixation with instruments for anterior column repair and stabilization and posterior decompression. Autografts (all cases) and Brantigan IF cage (2 cases) were used. Stable fixation of the lumbar spine was achieved after surgery, and improvement in gait and activities of daily living were achieved through the relief of low-back pain and radicular pain; the mean duration of follow-up was 22 months. Postoperative, plain radiography, CT, and MRI revealed the enlargement of the lumbar canal and fusion and incorporation of grafted bone, but in some cases, collapse of graft, migration of pedicle screw, instability of adjacent level, and collapse of adjacent vertebra were noted. PLIF with spinal instruments is a preferred treatment for rheumatoid spondylitis of the lumbar spine, but in the mutilating type of RA with severe osteoporosis, PLIF in combination with a long fixation system and/or augmentation of the vertebral bodies might be needed.

  11. Use of autologous growth factors in lumbar spinal fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowery, G L; Kulkarni, S; Pennisi, A E

    1999-08-01

    The results of spinal fusion, especially posteriorly above the lumbosacral junction, have been mixed. Autologous growth factor concentrate (AGF) prepared by ultraconcentration of platelets contains multiple growth factors having a chemotactic and mitogenic effect on mesenchymal stem cells and osteoblasts and may play a role in initiating bone healing. The purpose of this retrospective study is to review our results with AGF in lumbar spinal fusions. To date, AGF has been used in 39 patients having lumbar spinal fusion. The study group consisted of the first 19 consecutive cases to allow at least 6 months follow-up. The average follow-up was 13 months (range 6 to 18 months). Follow-up compliance was 91%. There were 7 men and 12 women. Average age was 52 years (range 30-72 years). Nine patients had prior back surgery. There were 8 smokers. AGF was used in posterior (n = 15) or anterior intradiscal (n = 4) fusions. AGF was used with autograft and coraline hydroxyapatite in all posterior fusions, and autograft, coral, and intradiscal spacer (carbon fiber spinal fusion cages or Synthes femoral ring) in intradiscal fusions. Posterior stabilization was used in all cases. Eight cases were single-level fusions, 6 were two-level, and 1 was a three-level fusion. Autologous iliac crest bone graft was taken in 14 cases and local autograft used in 5 cases. Posteriorly, a total of 23 levels were fused; of these, nine were at L5-S1, eight at L4-L5, five at L3-L4, and one at L2-L3. No impending pseudoarthroses were noted on plain radiographic examination at last follow-up visit. Solid fusion was confirmed in 3 patients having routine hardware removal, and in 2 patients who had surgery at an adjacent level. There was one posterior wound infection, which was managed without sequelae. When used as an adjunct to autograft, AGF offers theoretical advantages that need to be examined in controlled studies. Further study is necessary to determine whether coralline hydroxyapatite used as a

  12. GEORG-SCHMORL-PRIZE OF THE GERMAN SPINE SOCIETY (DWG) 2016: Comparison of in vitro osteogenic potential of iliac crest and degenerative facet joint bone autografts for intervertebral fusion in lumbar spinal stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geurts, Jeroen; Ramp, Daniela; Schären, Stefan; Netzer, Cordula

    2017-05-01

    The promotion of spinal fusion using bone autografts is largely mediated by the osteoinductive potential of progenitors/mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) that reside in the marrow spaces of cancellous bone. Iliac crest is the common autograft donor site, but its use presents an increased risk for donor site pain, morbidity and infection. Degenerative bone samples harvested during facetectomy might provide an alternative viable source of osteoinductive autografts. In this study, we conducted an intra-individual comparison of the osteogenic potential of isolated low passage MSC from both sources. Iliac crest and degenerative facet joints were harvested from eight consecutive patients undergoing transforaminal lumbar interspinal fusion due to lumbar spinal stenosis. MSC were isolated by collagenase digestion, selected by plastic adherence and minimally expanded for downstream assays. Clonogenic and osteogenic potential was evaluated by colony formation assays in control and osteogenic culture medium. Osteogenic properties, including alkaline phosphatase (ALP) induction, matrix mineralization and type I collagen mRNA and protein expression were characterized using quantitative histochemical staining and reverse transcription PCR. Spontaneous adipogenesis was analysed by adipocyte enumeration and gene expression analysis of adipogenic markers. Average colony-forming efficiency in osteogenic medium was equal between iliac crest (38 ± 12%) and facet joint (36 ± 11%). Osteogenic potential at the clonal level was 55 ± 26 and 68 ± 17% for iliac crest and facet joint MSC, respectively. Clonogenic and osteogenic potential were significantly negatively associated with donor age. Osteogenic differentiation led to significant induction of ALP activity in iliac crest (sixfold) and facet joint (eightfold) MSC. Matrix mineralization quantified by Alizarin red staining was increased by osteogenic differentiation, yet similar between both MSC sources. Protein expression of type

  13. Comparison of the effect of posterior lumbar interbody fusion with pedicle screw fixation and interspinous fixation on the stiffness of adjacent segments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Chun-de; SUN Hao-lin; LU Hong-zhang

    2013-01-01

    Background Adjacent segment degeneration could seriously affect the long-term prognosis of lumbar fusion.Dynamicfixation such as the interspinous fixation,which is characterized by retaining the motion function of the spinal segment,has obtained satisfactory short-term effects in the clinical setting.But there are few reports about the biomechanicalexperiments on whether dynamic fixation could prevent adjacent segment degeneration.Methods The surgical segments of all 23 patients were L4/5.Thirteen patients with disc herniation of L4/5 underwentWallis implantation surgery,and 10 patients with spinal stenosis of L4/5 underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion(PLIF).L3-S1 segmental stiffness and displacement were measured by a spine stiffness gauge (SSG) device duringsurgery when the vertebral plate was exposed or during spinal decompression or internal fixation.Five fresh,frozencadavers were used in the self control experiment,which was carried out in four steps:exposure of the vertebral plate,decompression of the spinal canal,implantation of a Wallis fixing device,and PLIF of L4/5 after removing the Wallis fixingdevice.Then,L3-S1 segment stiffness was measured by an SSG device.Results The experiments showed that the average stiffness of the L4/5 segment was (37.1±8.9) N/mm after exposure of the vertebral plate,while after spinal decompression,the average stiffness fell to (26.2±7.1) N/mm,decreasing by 25.8% (P <0.05).For the adjacent segments L3/4 and L5/S1,their stiffness showed no significant difference between the L4/5 segment decompression and the exposure of the vertebral plate (P >0.05).After Wallis implantation of L4/5,the stiffness of the cephalic adjacent segment L3/4 was (45.8±10.7) N/mm,which was 20.5% more than that after the exposure of the vertebral plate (P <0.05); after L4/5 PLIF surgery,the stiffness of L3/4 was (35.3±10.7) N/mm and was decreased by 12.4% more than that after the exposure of the vertebral plate (P <0.05).The

  14. Multiexpandable cage for minimally invasive posterior lumbar interbody fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coe JD

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Jeffrey D Coe,1 James F Zucherman,2 Donald W Kucharzyk,3 Kornelis A Poelstra,4 Larry E Miller,5 Sandeep Kunwar,6 1Silicon Valley Spine Institute, Campbell, 2San Francisco Orthopaedic Surgeons, San Francisco, CA, 3Orthopaedic Pediatric and Spine, Crown Point, IN, 4Department of Surgery, Sacred Heart Hospital on the Emerald Coast, Miramar Beach, FL, 5Miller Scientific Consulting, Inc., Asheville, NC, 6Bell Neuroscience Institute, Washington Hospital Healthcare System, Fremont, CA, USA Abstract: The increasing adoption of minimally invasive techniques for spine surgery in recent years has led to significant advancements in instrumentation for lumbar interbody fusion. Percutaneous pedicle screw fixation is now a mature technology, but the role of expandable cages is still evolving. The capability to deliver a multiexpandable interbody cage with a large footprint through a narrow surgical cannula represents a significant advancement in spinal surgery technology. The purpose of this report is to describe a multiexpandable lumbar interbody fusion cage, including implant characteristics, intended use, surgical technique, preclinical testing, and early clinical experience. Results to date suggest that the multiexpandable cage allows a less invasive approach to posterior/transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion surgery by minimizing iatrogenic risks associated with static or vertically expanding interbody prostheses while providing immediate vertebral height restoration, restoration of anatomic alignment, and excellent early-term clinical results. Keywords: degenerative disc disease, expandable, low back pain, Luna

  15. Intervertebral Fusion with Mobile Microendoscopic Discectomy for Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Bao-Shan; Liu, Yue; Xu, Hai-Wei; Yang, Qiang; Ma, Xin-Long; Hu, Yong-Cheng

    2016-05-01

    The aim of this article is to introduce a technique for lumbar intervertebral fusion that incorporates mobile microendoscopic discectomy (MMED) for lumbar degenerative disc disease. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion is frequently performed to treat degenerative diseases of the lumbar spine; however, the scope of such surgery and vision is limited by what the naked eye can see through the expanding channel system. To expand the visual scope and reduce trauma, we perform lumbar intervertebral fusion with the aid of a MMED system that provides a wide field through freely tilting the surgical instrument and canals. We believe that this technique is a good option for treating lumbar degenerative disc disease that requires lumbar intervertebral fusion.

  16. Evaluation of posterolateral lumbar fusion in sheep using mineral scaffolds seeded with cultured bone marrow cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuenca-López, María D; Andrades, José A; Gómez, Santiago; Zamora-Navas, Plácido; Guerado, Enrique; Rubio, Nuria; Blanco, Jerónimo; Becerra, José

    2014-12-16

    The objective of this study is to investigate the efficacy of hybrid constructs in comparison to bone grafts (autograft and allograft) for posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF) in sheep, instrumented with transpedicular screws and bars. Hybrid constructs using cultured bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have shown promising results in several bone healing models. In particular, hybrid constructs made by calcium phosphate-enriched cells have had similar fusion rates to bone autografts in posterolateral lumbar fusion in sheep. In our study, four experimental spinal fusions in two animal groups were compared in sheep: autograft and allograft (reference group), hydroxyapatite scaffold, and hydroxyapatite scaffold seeded with cultured and osteoinduced bone marrow MSCs (hybrid construct). During the last three days of culture, dexamethasone (dex) and beta-glycerophosphate (β-GP) were added to potentiate osteoinduction. The two experimental situations of each group were tested in the same spinal segment (L4-L5). Spinal fusion and bone formation were studied by clinical observation, X-ray, computed tomography (CT), histology, and histomorphometry. Lumbar fusion rates assessed by CT scan and histology were higher for autograft and allograft (70%) than for mineral scaffold alone (22%) and hybrid constructs (35%). The quantity of new bone formation was also higher for the reference group, quite similar in both (autograft and allograft). Although the hybrid scaffold group had a better fusion rate than the non-hybrid scaffold group, the histological analysis revealed no significant differences between them in terms of quantity of bone formation. The histology results suggested that mineral scaffolds were partly resorbed in an early phase, and included in callus tissues. Far from the callus area the hydroxyapatite alone did not generate bone around it, but the hybrid scaffold did. In nude mice, labeled cells were induced to differentiate in vivo and monitored by

  17. Evaluation of Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion in Sheep Using Mineral Scaffolds Seeded with Cultured Bone Marrow Cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María D. Cuenca-López

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to investigate the efficacy of hybrid constructs in comparison to bone grafts (autograft and allograft for posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF in sheep, instrumented with transpedicular screws and bars. Hybrid constructs using cultured bone marrow (BM mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs have shown promising results in several bone healing models. In particular, hybrid constructs made by calcium phosphate-enriched cells have had similar fusion rates to bone autografts in posterolateral lumbar fusion in sheep. In our study, four experimental spinal fusions in two animal groups were compared in sheep: autograft and allograft (reference group, hydroxyapatite scaffold, and hydroxyapatite scaffold seeded with cultured and osteoinduced bone marrow MSCs (hybrid construct. During the last three days of culture, dexamethasone (dex and beta-glycerophosphate (β-GP were added to potentiate osteoinduction. The two experimental situations of each group were tested in the same spinal segment (L4–L5. Spinal fusion and bone formation were studied by clinical observation, X-ray, computed tomography (CT, histology, and histomorphometry. Lumbar fusion rates assessed by CT scan and histology were higher for autograft and allograft (70% than for mineral scaffold alone (22% and hybrid constructs (35%. The quantity of new bone formation was also higher for the reference group, quite similar in both (autograft and allograft. Although the hybrid scaffold group had a better fusion rate than the non-hybrid scaffold group, the histological analysis revealed no significant differences between them in terms of quantity of bone formation. The histology results suggested that mineral scaffolds were partly resorbed in an early phase, and included in callus tissues. Far from the callus area the hydroxyapatite alone did not generate bone around it, but the hybrid scaffold did. In nude mice, labeled cells were induced to differentiate in vivo and monitored

  18. Clinical study of bilateral decompression via vertebral lamina fenestration for lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of lower lumbar instability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Shuguang; Sun, Junying; Tang, Genlin

    2013-03-01

    The aim of this study was to observe the clinical effects of bilateral decompression via vertebral lamina fenestration for lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of lower lumbar instability. The 48 patients comprised 27 males and 21 females, aged 47-72 years. Three cases had first and second degree lumbar spondylolisthesis and all received bilateral vertebral lamina fenestration for posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) using a threaded fusion cage (TFC), which maintains the three-column spinal stability. Attention was given to ensure the correct pre-operative fenestration, complete decompression and the prevention of adhesions. After an average follow-up of 26.4 months, the one year post-operative X-ray radiographs suggested that the successful fusion rate was 88.1%, and this was 100% in the two-year post-operative radiographs. Moreover, the functional recovery rate was 97.9%. Bilateral vertebral lamina fenestration for lumbar interbody fusion is an ideal surgical method for the treatment of lower lumbar instability. The surgical method retains the spinal posterior column and middle column and results in full decompression and reliable fusion by a limited yet effective surgical approach.

  19. Biomechanical evaluation of lateral lumbar interbody fusion with secondary augmentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, Marco T; Reyes, Phillip M; Bse; Altun, Idris; Newcomb, Anna G U S; Singh, Vaneet; Chang, Steve W; Kelly, Brian P; Crawford, Neil R

    2016-12-01

    OBJECTIVE Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) has emerged as a popular method for lumbar fusion. In this study the authors aimed to quantify the biomechanical stability of an interbody implant inserted using the LLIF approach with and without various supplemental fixation methods, including an interspinous plate (IP). METHODS Seven human cadaveric L2-5 specimens were tested intact and in 6 instrumented conditions. The interbody implant was intended to be used with supplemental fixation. In this study, however, the interbody was also tested without supplemental fixation for a relative comparison of these conditions. The instrumented conditions were as follows: 1) interbody implant without supplemental fixation (LLIF construct); and interbody implant with supplemental fixation performed using 2) unilateral pedicle screws (UPS) and rod (LLIF + UPS construct); 3) bilateral pedicle screws (BPS) and rods (LLIF + BPS construct); 4) lateral screws and lateral plate (LP) (LLIF + LP construct); 5) interbody LP and IP (LLIF + LP + IP construct); and 6) IP (LLIF + IP construct). Nondestructive, nonconstraining torque (7.5 Nm maximum) induced flexion, extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation, whereas 3D specimen range of motion (ROM) was determined optoelectronically. RESULTS The LLIF construct reduced ROM by 67% in flexion, 52% in extension, 51% in lateral bending, and 44% in axial rotation relative to intact specimens (p < 0.001). Adding BPS to the LLIF construct caused ROM to decrease by 91% in flexion, 82% in extension and lateral bending, and 74% in axial rotation compared with intact specimens (p < 0.001), providing the greatest stability among the constructs. Adding UPS to the LLIF construct imparted approximately one-half the stability provided by LLIF + BPS constructs, demonstrating significantly smaller ROM than the LLIF construct in all directions (flexion, p = 0.037; extension, p < 0.001; lateral bending, p = 0.012) except axial rotation (p = 0

  20. Midline lumbar fusion using cortical bone trajectory screws. Preliminary report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mateusz Bielecki

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction : Midline lumbar fusion (MIDLF using cortical bone trajectory is an alternative method of transpedicular spinal fusion for degenerative disease. The new entry points’ location and screwdriving direction allow the approach-related morbidity to be reduced. Aim: To present our preliminary experience with the MIDLF technique on the first 5 patients with lumbar degenerative disease and with follow-up of at least 6 months. Material and methods: Retrospective analysis was performed on the first 5 patients with foraminal (4 or central (1 stenosis operated on between December 2014 and February 2015. Three patients were fused at L4–L5 and two at the L5–S1 level. Results: No intra- or post-operative complications occurred with this approach. An improvement regarding the leading symptom in the early postoperative period (sciatica 4/4, claudication 1/1 was achieved in all patients. The mean improvements in the visual analogue scale for low back and leg pain were 2.2 and 4.8 respectively. The mean Oswestry Disability Index scores were 52% (range: 16–82% before surgery and 33% (range: 12–56% at 3-month follow-up (mean improvement 19%. At the most recent follow-up, 4 patients reported the maintenance of the satisfactory result. The early standing and follow-up X-rays showed satisfactory screw placement in all patients. Conclusions : In our initial experience, the MIDLF technique seems to be an encouraging alternative to traditional transpedicular trajectory screws when short level lumbar fusion is needed. Nevertheless, longer observations on larger groups of patients are needed to reliably evaluate the safety of the method and the sustainability of the results.

  1. Guideline update for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 11: interbody techniques for lumbar fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mummaneni, Praveen V; Dhall, Sanjay S; Eck, Jason C; Groff, Michael W; Ghogawala, Zoher; Watters, William C; Dailey, Andrew T; Resnick, Daniel K; Choudhri, Tanvir F; Sharan, Alok; Wang, Jeffrey C; Kaiser, Michael G

    2014-07-01

    Interbody fusion techniques have been promoted as an adjunct to lumbar fusion procedures in an effort to enhance fusion rates and potentially improve clinical outcome. The medical evidence continues to suggest that interbody techniques are associated with higher fusion rates compared with posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF) in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis who demonstrate preoperative instability. There is no conclusive evidence demonstrating improved clinical or radiographic outcomes based on the different interbody fusion techniques. The addition of a PLF when posterior or anterior interbody lumbar fusion is performed remains an option, although due to increased cost and complications, it is not recommended. No substantial clinical benefit has been demonstrated when a PLF is included with an interbody fusion. For lumbar degenerative disc disease without instability, there is moderate evidence that the standalone anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) has better clinical outcomes than the ALIF plus instrumented, open PLF. With regard to type of interbody spacer used, frozen allograft is associated with lower pseudarthrosis rates compared with freeze-dried allograft; however, this was not associated with a difference in clinical outcome.

  2. Biomechanical analysis of lateral interbody fusion strategies for adjacent segment degeneration in the lumbar spine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metzger, Melodie F; Robinson, Samuel T; Maldonado, Ruben C; Rawlinson, Jeremy; Liu, John; Acosta, Frank L

    2017-07-01

    Surgical treatment of symptomatic adjacent segment disease (ASD) typically involves extension of previous instrumentation to include the newly affected level(s). Disruption of the incision site can present challenges and increases the risk of complication. Lateral-based interbody fusion techniques may provide a viable surgical alternative that avoids these risks. This study is the first to analyze the biomechanical effect of adding a lateral-based construct to an existing fusion. The study aimed to determine whether a minimally invasive lateral interbody device, with and without supplemental instrumentation, can effectively stabilize the rostral segment adjacent to a two-level fusion when compared with a traditional posterior revision approach. This is a cadaveric biomechanical study of lateral-based interbody strategies as add-on techniques to an existing fusion for the treatment of ASD. Twelve lumbosacral specimens were non-destructively loaded in flexion, extension, lateral bending, and torsion. Sequentially, the tested conditions were intact, two-level transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) (L3-L5), followed by lateral lumbar interbody fusion procedures at L2-L3 including interbody alone, a supplemental lateral plate, a supplemental spinous process plate, and then either cortical screw or pedicle screw fixation. A three-level TLIF was the final instrumented condition. In all conditions, three-dimensional kinematics were tracked and range of motion (ROM) was calculated for comparisons. Institutional funds (Medtronic Spine. The addition of a lateral interbody device superadjacent to a two-level fusion significantly reduced motion in flexion, extension, and lateral bending (pfusion construct, demonstrating ROM comparable with a traditional three-level TLIF. The data presented suggest that a lateral-based interbody fusion supplemented with additional minimally invasive instrumentation may provide comparable stability with a traditional posterior revision

  3. Risk factors for predicting symptomatic adjacent segment degeneration requiring surgery in patients after posterior lumbar fusion

    OpenAIRE

    Liang, Jinqian; Dong, Yulei; Zhao, Hong

    2014-01-01

    Background Although measures to reduce and treat degenerative changes after fusion are discussed, these are still controversial. Methods A retrospective study was conducted on a consecutive series of 3,799 patients who underwent posterior lumbar fusion for degenerative lumbar disease between January 1999 and January 2009. A total of 28 patients with symptomatic adjacent segment degeneration surgery were identified. Another group of 56 matched patients with degenerative lumbar disease without ...

  4. Correlation between sagittal plane changes and adjacent segment degeneration following lumbar spine fusion

    OpenAIRE

    Kumar, Malhar; Baklanov, Andrei; Chopin, Daniel

    2001-01-01

    Adjacent segment degeneration following lumbar spine fusion remains a widely acknowledged problem, but there is insufficient knowledge regarding the factors that contribute to its occurrence. The aim of this study is to analyse the relationship between abnormal sagittal plane configuration of the lumbar spine and the development of adjacent segment degeneration. Eighty-three consecutive patients who underwent lumbar fusion for degenerative disc disease were reviewed retrospectively. Patients ...

  5. Posterolateral inter-transverse lumbar fusion in a mouse model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bobyn Justin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Spinal fusion is a common orthopaedic procedure that has been previously modeled using canine, lapine, and rodent subjects. Despite the increasing availability of genetically modified mouse strains, murine models have only been infrequently described. Purpose To present an efficient and minimally traumatic procedure for achieving spinal fusion in a mouse model and determine the optimal rhBMP-2 dose to achieve sufficient fusion mass. Method MicroCT reconstructions of the unfused mouse spine and human spine were compared to design a surgical approach. In phase 1, posterolateral lumbar spine fusion in the mouse was evaluated using 18 animals allocated to three experimental groups. Group 1 received decortication only (n = 3, Group 2 received 10 μg rhBMP-2 in a collagen sponge bilaterally (n = 6, and Group 3 received 10 μg rhBMP-2 + decortication (n = 9. The surgical technique was assessed for intra-operative safety, efficacy, access and reproducibility. Spines were harvested for analysis at 3 weeks (Groups 1, 2 and 1, 2, and 3 weeks (Group 3. In phase 2, a dose response study was carried out in an additional 18 animals with C57BL6 mice receiving sponges containing 0, 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5 μg of rhBMP-2 per sponge bilaterally. Results The operative procedure via midline access was rapid and reproducible, and fusion of the murine articular processes was found to be analogous to the human procedure. Unlike reports from other species, decortication alone (Group 1 yielded no new bone formation. Addition of rhBMP-2 (Groups 2 and 3 yielded a significant bone mass that bridged the L4-L6 vertebrae. The subsequent dose response experiment revealed that 0.5 μg rhBMP-2 per sponge was sufficient to create a fusion mass. Conclusion We describe a new approach for mouse lumbar spine fusion that is safe, efficient, and highly reproducible. The technique we employed is analogous to the human midline procedure and may be highly

  6. Pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis mismatch predisposes to adjacent segment disease after lumbar spinal fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothenfluh, Dominique A; Mueller, Daniel A; Rothenfluh, Esin; Min, Kan

    2015-06-01

    lordosis mismatch exhibit a 10-times higher risk for undergoing revision surgery than controls if sagittal malalignment is maintained after lumbar fusion surgery.

  7. The impact of preoperative epidural injections on postoperative infection in lumbar fusion surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singla, Anuj; Yang, Scott; Werner, Brian C; Cancienne, Jourdan M; Nourbakhsh, Ali; Shimer, Adam L; Hassanzadeh, Hamid; Shen, Francis H

    2017-03-14

    OBJECTIVE Lumbar epidural steroid injections (LESIs) are performed for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes for a variety of indications, including low-back pain, the leading cause of disability and expense due to work-related conditions in the US. The steroid agent used in epidural injections is reported to relieve nerve root inflammation, local ischemia, and resultant pain, but the injection may also have an adverse impact on spinal surgery performed thereafter. In particular, the possibility that preoperative epidural injections may increase the risk of surgical site infection after lumbar spinal fusion has been reported but has not been studied in detail. The goal of the present study was to use a large national insurance database to analyze the association of preoperative LESIs with surgical site infection after lumbar spinal fusion. METHODS A nationwide insurance database of patient records was used for this retrospective analysis. Current Procedural Terminology codes were used to query the database for patients who had undergone LESI and 1- or 2-level lumbar posterior spinal fusion procedures. The rate of postoperative infection after 1- or 2-level posterior spinal fusion was analyzed. These study patients were then divided into 3 separate cohorts: 1) lumbar spinal fusion performed within 1 month after LESI, 2) fusion performed between 1 and 3 months after LESI, and 3) fusion performed between 3 and 6 months after LESI. The study patients were compared with a control cohort of patients who underwent lumbar fusion without previous LESI. RESULTS The overall 3-month infection rate after lumbar spinal fusion procedure was 1.6% (1411 of 88,540 patients). The infection risk increased in patients who received LESI within 1 month (OR 2.6, p fusion more than 3 months after LESI. CONCLUSIONS Lumbar spinal fusion performed within 3 months after LESI may be associated with an increased rate of postoperative infection. This association was not found when lumbar

  8. Transforaminal Endoscopic Decompression for Displaced End Plate Fracture After Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Technical Note.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagner, Ralf; Telfeian, Albert E; Krzok, Guntram; Iprenburg, Menno

    2017-10-01

    Lateral lumbar interbody fusion is a minimally invasive approach to anterior spinal column fusion, deformity correction, and indirect decompression of the lumbar spine. A rarely reported possible complication of the procedure is end plate fracture, which has the potential for nerve root compression. Here we present a case of end plate fracture and nerve compression after stand-alone lateral lumbar interbody fusion, its diagnosis, and its subsequent successful treatment with transforaminal endoscopic spine surgery. The case highlights the possible role for minimally invasive endoscopic surgery as a rescue procedure after fusion complication. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Comparison of long-term results of three posterior fusion methods for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis%退变性腰椎滑脱三种后路融合方法的远期疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜欢畅; 王吉兴; 尚平; 江永发

    2013-01-01

    目的 比较退变性腰椎滑脱(degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis,DLS) 3种后路融合方法的远期疗效.方法 回顾性分析62例DLS患者的资料,按融合方法分为3组:A组后外侧融合,B组椎间自体髂骨融合,C组椎间Cage置入融合,进行5~9年的随访.对术前、术后及随访时影像学资料和临床评价指标进行比较.结果 3组间日本骨科学会(Japanese Orthopaedic Association,JOA)评分改善率、优良率和融合率等差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).随访时3组滑脱复位率分别丢失(1.61±1.09)%、(0.88±1.45)%和(0.06±0.12)%,椎间高度分别丢失(2.00±0.77)mm、(0.39±0.35)mm和(0.03±0.18)mm,椎间盘角分别丢失2.78°±1.26°、1.39°±0.76°和0.75°±0.61°,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05),C组丢失最少.结论 3种融合方法均能获得良好的远期临床疗效,椎间Cage置入融合有更好的影像学表现.%Objective To compare the long-term results of 3 different posterior fusion methods in the treatment of degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. Methods The retrospective study analyzed the clinical data of 62 patients who were treated with different posterior fusion methods for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to different fusion methods: Group A, posterolateral lumbar fusion; Group B, posterior lumbar interbody fusion with autologous ilium; Group C, posterior lumbar interbody fusion with Cage. These patients were followed up for 5 ~ 9 years. The clinical and radiological results were evaluated through questionnaire and radiology examination. Results There were no significant differences among the Japanese Orthopaedic Association ( JOA ) scores recovery rates, excellent and good rates, fusion rates of the 3 groups ( P > 0.05 ). Reduction rates of the 3 groups lost ( 1.61 ± 1.09 )% , ( 0. 88 ± 1.45 )% and ( 0.06 ±0.12 )% , respectively. Intervertebral height lost ( 2.00 ± 0.77 )mm,( 0.39 ±0. 35 )mm and( 0. 03

  10. Workers' Compensation, Return to Work, and Lumbar Fusion for Spondylolisthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Joshua T; Haas, Arnold R; Percy, Rick; Woods, Stephen T; Ahn, Uri M; Ahn, Nicholas U

    2016-01-01

    Lumbar fusion for spondylolisthesis is associated with consistent outcomes in the general population. However, workers' compensation is a risk factor for worse outcomes. Few studies have evaluated prognostic factors within this clinically distinct population. The goal of this study was to identify prognostic factors for return to work among patients with workers' compensation claims after fusion for spondylolisthesis. The authors used International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, and Current Procedural Terminology codes to identify 686 subjects from the Ohio Bureau of Workers' Compensation who underwent fusion for spondylolisthesis from 1993 to 2013. Positive return to work status was recorded in patients who returned to work within 2 years of fusion and remained working for longer than 6 months. The criteria for return to work were met by 29.9% (n=205) of subjects. The authors used multivariate logistic regression analysis to identify prognostic factors for return to work. Negative preoperative prognostic factors for postoperative return to work included: out of work for longer than 1 year before fusion (PReturn to work rates associated with these factors were 9.7%, 0.0%, 10.0%, 29.2%, and 25.0%, respectively. If these subjects were excluded, the return to work rate increased to 60.4%. The 70.1% (n=481) of subjects who did not return to work had markedly worse outcomes, shown by higher medical costs, chronic opioid dependence, and higher rates of failed back syndrome, total disability, and additional surgery. Psychiatric comorbidity increased after fusion but was much higher in those who did not return to work. Future studies are needed to identify how to better facilitate return to work among similar patients with workers' compensation claims.

  11. Durotomy is associated with pseudoarthrosis following lumbar fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bydon, Mohamad; De la Garza-Ramos, Rafael; Abt, Nicholas B; Macki, Mohamed; Sciubba, Daniel M; Wolinsky, Jean-Paul; Bydon, Ali; Gokaslan, Ziya L; Witham, Timothy F

    2015-03-01

    Pseudoarthrosis is a known complication following lumbar fusion, and although several risk factors have been established, the association of durotomy and pseudoarthrosis has not been studied to our knowledge. A retrospective review was performed to identify all adult patients who underwent lumbar posterolateral fusion (without interbody fusion) for degenerative spine disease over a 20 year period at a single institution. Patients were divided into durotomy and no durotomy cohorts. Patients were included if they had at least 1 year of follow-up. The main outcome variable was development of pseudoarthrosis. A total of 327 patients were identified, of whom 17 (5.19%) had a durotomy. Pseudoarthrosis rates were significantly higher in the durotomy group (35.29%) when compared to the no durotomy group (13.87%), with the difference being statistically significant (p=0.016). Univariate analysis revealed that durotomy (p=0.003) and the number of levels fused (p=0.015) were the only two significant risk factors for pseudoarthrosis. After controlling for the number of levels fused, the adjusted relative risk (RR) revealed that patients with a durotomy were 2.23 times more likely to develop pseudoarthrosis (RR 2.23; 95% confidence interval 1.05-4.75) when compared to patients without durotomy. The findings in the present study suggest an association between durotomy and pseudoarthrosis development. Patients with a durotomy were 2.2 times more likely to develop pseudoarthrosis compared to patients without a durotomy. Future and larger studies are required to corroborate our findings.

  12. Mini-Open Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Combined with Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion in Corrective Surgery for Adult Spinal Deformity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chong-Suh; Chung, Sung-Soo; Lee, Jun-Young; Yum, Tae-Hoon; Shin, Seong-Kee

    2016-01-01

    Study Design Prospective observational study. Purpose To introduce the techniques and present the surgical outcomes of mini-open anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) at the most caudal segments of the spine combined with lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) for the correction of adult spinal deformity Overview of Literature Although LLIF is increasingly used to correct adult spinal deformity, the correction of sagittal plane deformity with LLIF alone is reportedly suboptimal. Methods Thirty-two consecutive patients with adult spinal deformity underwent LLIF combined with mini-open ALIF at the L5–S1 or L4–S1 levels followed by 2-stage posterior fixation. ALIF was performed for a mean 1.3 levels and LLIF for a mean 2.7 levels. Then, percutaneous fixation was performed in 11 patients (percutaneous group), open correction with facetectomy with or without laminectomy in 16 (open group), and additional pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) in 5 (PSO group). Spinopelvic parameters were compared preoperatively and postoperatively. Hospitalization data and clinical outcomes were recorded. Results No major medical complications developed, and clinical outcomes improved postoperatively in all groups. The mean postoperative segmental lordosis was greater after ALIF (17.5°±5.5°) than after LLIF (8.1°±5.3°, p sagittal balance and reducing the necessity of more extensive surgery. PMID:27994777

  13. AxiaLIF system: minimally invasive device for presacral lumbar interbody spinal fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rapp SM

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Steven M Rapp1, Larry E Miller2,3, Jon E Block31Michigan Spine Institute, Waterford, MI, USA; 2Miller Scientific Consulting Inc, Biltmore Lake, NC, USA; 3Jon E. Block, Ph.D., Inc., San Francisco, CA, USAAbstract: Lumbar fusion is commonly performed to alleviate chronic low back and leg pain secondary to disc degeneration, spondylolisthesis with or without concomitant lumbar spinal stenosis, or chronic lumbar instability. However, the risk of iatrogenic injury during traditional anterior, posterior, and transforaminal open fusion surgery is significant. The axial lumbar interbody fusion (AxiaLIF system is a minimally invasive fusion device that accesses the lumbar (L4–S1 intervertebral disc spaces via a reproducible presacral approach that avoids critical neurovascular and musculoligamentous structures. Since the AxiaLIF system received marketing clearance from the US Food and Drug Administration in 2004, clinical studies of this device have reported high fusion rates without implant subsidence, significant improvements in pain and function, and low complication rates. This paper describes the design and approach of this lumbar fusion system, details the indications for use, and summarizes the clinical experience with the AxiaLIF system to date.Keywords: AxiaLIF, fusion, lumbar, minimally invasive, presacral

  14. Lumbar lordosis restoration following single-level instrumented fusion comparing 4 commonly used techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimar, John R; Glassman, Steven D; Vemuri, Venu M; Esterberg, Justin L; Howard, Jennifer M; Carreon, Leah Y

    2011-11-09

    A major sequelae of lumbar fusion is acceleration of adjacent-level degeneration due to decreased lumbar lordosis. We evaluated the effectiveness of 4 common fusion techniques in restoring lordosis: instrumented posterolateral fusion, translumbar interbody fusion, anteroposterior fusion with posterior instrumentation, and anterior interbody fusion with lordotic threaded (LT) cages (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, Tennessee). Radiographs were measured preoperatively, immediately postoperatively, and a minimum of 6 months postoperatively. Parameters measured included anterior and posterior disk space height, lumbar lordosis from L3 to S1, and surgical level lordosis.No significant difference in demographics existed among the 4 groups. All preoperative parameters were similar among the 4 groups. Lumbar lordosis at final follow-up showed no difference between the anteroposterior fusion with posterior instrumentation, translumbar interbody fusion, and LT cage groups, although the posterolateral fusion group showed a significant loss of lordosis (-10°) (Plordosis and showed maintenance of anterior and posterior disk space height postoperatively compared with the other groups. Instrumented posterolateral fusion produces a greater loss of lordosis compared with anteroposterior fusion with posterior instrumentation, translumbar interbody fusion, and LT cages. Maintenance of lordosis and anterior and posterior disk space height is significantly better with anterior interbody fusion with LT cages. Copyright 2011, SLACK Incorporated.

  15. Disc height and anteroposterior translation in fused and adjacent segments after lumbar spine fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frobin, Wolfgang

    2003-09-01

    Full Text Available In a series of 46 patients the effects of spinal fusion upon intervertebral height and sagittal alignment in operated and non-operated segments were retrospectively evaluated on digitized radiographs. Data was compared with age- and gender-normalized standard values. The objective was to evaluate the influence of different types of spine fusions primarily upon adjacent segments, particularly in terms of degeneration and sagittal profile of the lumbar spine. Incidence of adjacent segment degeneration (ASD is still highly controversial. However, not every degeneration adjacent to spinal fusion must be caused by the fusion and responsibility of the fusion for ASD may vary with its range and type. Distortion Corrected Roentgen Analysis (DCRA was utilized. DCRA is a proven valid, reliable, observer-independent, and accurate tool for assessment of these parameters over time and in comparison with "normal" cohorts. With this method the exact posture of the patients needs not to be known.There was little evidence for serious fusion-related ASD within an average of 40 months follow-up. No difference could be detected for rigid vs. non-rigid fusion and instrumented vs. non-instrumented techniques. Temporary postoperative distraction effects could be detected in operated and non-operated segments. Absolute preoperative values for intervertebral height and vertebral slip were age-related. Retrospectively, the choice of segments for fusion was clearly based upon radiological criteria. Thus we conclude that radiological parameters have an obvious clinical relevance for decision-making and need to be quantified. Within the limitations of this pilot study, true fusion related ASD seems to be infrequent.

  16. Analysis of Internet Information on Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belayneh, Rebekah; Mesfin, Addisu

    2016-07-01

    Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is a surgical technique that is being increasingly used. The authors' objective was to examine information on the Internet pertaining to the LLIF technique. An analysis was conducted of publicly accessible websites pertaining to LLIF. The following search engines were used: Google (www.google.com), Bing (www.bing.com), and Yahoo (www.yahoo.com). DuckDuckGo (www.duckduckgo.com) was an additional search engine used due to its emphasis on generating accurate and consistent results while protecting searchers' privacy and reducing advertisements. The top 35 websites providing information on LLIF from the 4 search engines were identified. A total of 140 websites were evaluated. Each web-site was categorized based on authorship (academic, private, medical industry, insurance company, other) and content of information. Using the search term lateral lumbar interbody fusion, 174,000 Google results, 112,000 Yahoo results, and 112,000 Bing results were obtained. DuckDuckGo does not display the number of results found for a search. From the top 140 websites collected from each website, 78 unique websites were identified. Websites were authored by a private medical group in 46.2% of the cases, an academic medical group in 26.9% of the cases, and the biomedical industry in 5.1% of the cases. Sixty-eight percent of websites reported indications, and 24.4% reported contraindications. Benefits of LLIF were reported by 69.2% of websites. Thirty-six percent of websites reported complications of LLIF. Overall, the quality of information regarding LLIF on the Internet is poor. Spine surgeons and spine societies can assist in improving the quality of the information on the Internet regarding LLIF. [Orthopedics. 2016; 39(4):e701-e707.].

  17. Work intensity in sacroiliac joint fusion and lumbar microdiscectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank C

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Clay Frank,1 Dimitriy Kondrashov,2 S Craig Meyer,3 Gary Dix,4 Morgan Lorio,5 Don Kovalsky,6 Daniel Cher7 1Integrated Spine Care, Wawautosa, WI, 2St Mary’s Spine Center, San Francisco, CA, 3Columbia Orthopedic Group, Columbia, MO, 4Maryland Brain Spine and Pain, Annapolis, MD, 5Neurospine Solutions, Bristol, TN, 6Orthopaedic Center of Southern Illinois, Mt Vernon, IL, 7SI-BONE, Inc., San Jose, CA, USA Background: The evidence base supporting minimally invasive sacroiliac (SI joint fusion (SIJF surgery is increasing. The work relative value units (RVUs associated with minimally invasive SIJF are seemingly low. To date, only one published study describes the relative work intensity associated with minimally invasive SIJF. No study has compared work intensity vs other commonly performed spine surgery procedures.Methods: Charts of 192 patients at five sites who underwent either minimally invasive SIJF (American Medical Association [AMA] CPT® code 27279 or lumbar microdiscectomy (AMA CPT® code 63030 were reviewed. Abstracted were preoperative times associated with diagnosis and patient care, intraoperative parameters including operating room (OR in/out times and procedure start/stop times, and postoperative care requirements. Additionally, using a visual analog scale, surgeons estimated the intensity of intraoperative care, including mental, temporal, and physical demands and effort and frustration. Work was defined as operative time multiplied by task intensity.Results: Patients who underwent minimally invasive SIJF were more likely female. Mean procedure times were lower in SIJF by about 27.8 minutes (P<0.0001 and mean total OR times were lower by 27.9 minutes (P<0.0001, but there was substantial overlap across procedures. Mean preservice and post-service total labor times were longer in minimally invasive SIJF (preservice times longer by 63.5 minutes [P<0.0001] and post-service labor times longer by 20.2 minutes [P<0.0001]. The number of

  18. Complication avoidance and management in anterior lumbar interbody fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Than, Khoi D; Wang, Anthony C; Rahman, Shayan U; Wilson, Thomas J; Valdivia, Juan M; Park, Paul; La Marca, Frank

    2011-10-01

    The goal of this study was to review the literature to compare strategies for avoiding and treating complications from anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), and thus provide a comprehensive aid for spine surgeons. A thorough review of databases from the US National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health was conducted. The complications of ALIF addressed in this paper include pseudarthrosis and subsidence, vascular injury, retrograde ejaculation, ileus, and lymphocele (chyloretroperitoneum). Strategies identified for improving fusion rates included the use of frozen rather than freeze-dried allograft, cage instrumentation, and bone morphogenetic protein. Lower cage heights appear to reduce the risk of subsidence. The most common vascular injury is venous laceration, which occurs less frequently when using nonthreaded interbody grafts such as iliac crest autograft or femoral ring allograft. Left iliac artery thrombosis is the most common arterial injury, and its occurrence can be minimized by intermittent release of retraction intraoperatively. The risk of retrograde ejaculation is significantly higher with laparoscopic approaches, and thus should be avoided in male patients. Despite precautionary measures, complications from ALIF may occur, but treatment options do exist. Bowel obstruction can be treated conservatively with neostigmine or with decompression. In cases of postoperative lymphocele, resolution can be attained by creating a peritoneal window. By recognizing ways to minimize complications, the spine surgeon can safely use ALIF procedures.

  19. Effect of steerable cage placement during minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion on lumbar lordosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindley, Timothy E; Viljoen, Stephanus V; Dahdaleh, Nader S

    2014-03-01

    Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) is commonly used for the treatment of a variety of degenerative spine disorders. Recently, steerable interbody cages have been developed which potentially allow for greater restoration of lumbar lordosis. Here we describe a technique and radiographic results following minimally invasive placement of steerable cages through a bilateral approach. A retrospective review was conducted of the charts and radiographs of 15 consecutive patients who underwent 19 levels of bilateral MIS-TLIF with the placement of steerable cages. These were compared to 10 patients who underwent 16 levels of unilateral MIS-TLIF with the placement of bullet cages. The average age, body mass index, distribution of the levels operated and follow-up were similar in both groups. The average height of the steerable cage placed was 10.9 mm compared to 8.5mm for bullet cages. The preoperative focal Cobb's angle per level was similar between both groups with a mean of -5.3 degrees for the steerable cage group and -4.8 degrees for the bullet cage group. There was a significant improvement in postoperative Cobb's angle after placement of a steerable cage with a mean of -13.7 (p<0.01) and this persisted at the last follow-up with -13 degrees (p<0.01). There was no significant change in Cobb's angle after bullet cage placement with -5.7 degrees postoperatively and a return to the baseline preoperative Cobb's angle of -4.8 at the last follow-up. Steerable cage placement for MIS-TLIF improves focal lordosis compared to bullet cage placement.

  20. Repeated adjacent-segment degeneration after posterior lumbar interbody fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okuda, Shinya; Oda, Takenori; Yamasaki, Ryoji; Maeno, Takafumi; Iwasaki, Motoki

    2014-05-01

    One of the most important sequelae affecting long-term results is adjacent-segment degeneration (ASD) after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF). Although several reports have described the incidence rate, there have been no reports of repeated ASD. The purpose of this report was to describe 1 case of repeated ASD after PLIF. A 62-year-old woman with L-4 degenerative spondylolisthesis underwent PLIF at L4-5. At the second operation, L3-4 PLIF was performed for L-3 degenerative spondylolisthesis 6 years after the primary operation. At the third operation, L2-3 PLIF was performed for L-2 degenerative spondylolisthesis 1.5 years after the primary operation. Vertebral collapse of L-1 was detected 1 year after the third operation, and the collapse had progressed. At the fourth operation, 3 years after the third operation, vertebral column resection of L-1 and replacement of titanium mesh cages with pedicle screw fixation between T-4 and L-5 was performed. Although the patient's symptoms resolved after each operation, the time between surgeries shortened. The sacral slope decreased gradually although each PLIF achieved local lordosis at the fused segment.

  1. INTRASITE VANCOMYCIN POWDER AS A PROPHYLACTIC ADJUVANT IN LUMBAR FUSION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Álvaro González Ross

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Objective: To identify whether the use of prophylactic intrasite vancomycin as an adjuvant is a protective factor against deep tissue infection of the surgical site. Methods: Retrospective, descriptive, case-control study evaluating 210 patients, of whom 70 received intrasite vancomycin (case group and 140 were controls. It was made a follow up for at least one year, reviewing the physical and electronic records. Data were tabulated in spreadsheets (Excel including all variables and the statistical analysis was made with Epi InfoTM 7 to calculate the odds ratio. Results: Seven cases of deep infection occurred in the control group and none was found in the case group (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: 0.1262 [0.007-2.24], P = 0.1585. Among the predisposing factors, diabetes and surgical time were the most relevant. Conclusions: Intrasite use of vancomycin has a protective effect against deep infection in patients undergoing lumbar fusion surgery without presenting considerable side effects.

  2. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion for the management of spondylolisthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devkota, P; Shrestha, S K; Krishnakumar, R; Renjithkumar, J

    2011-03-01

    The ideal surgical treatment of spondylolisthesis still remains controversial. There are several methods of treatment and posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) is one of them. We analyze the results of spondylolisthesis treated by PLIF in term of radiological union, improvement of pre-operative symptoms like back pain, radiating pain and return to normal activities including that of employment, by the review of the medical records. Total of 72 patients, 20 male and 52 female and the age ranges from 15 to 68 years with the mean age being 44.38 years were included in the study. Thirty (41.66%) patients had isthmic spondylolisthesis, 26 (36.12%) had congenital spondylolisthesis, and 16 (22.22%) cases had degenerative spondylolisthesis. There were 38 (52.77%) cases of grade I, 14 (19.44%) cases of grade II and 20 (27.77%) cases of grade III according to the grading criteria of Meyerding. According to the evaluation criteria used by Stauffer and Coventry, 59 patients (81.94%) got good results, eight patients (11.11%) belonged to the fair group and five cases (6.94%) had the poor results. This study showed that PLIF is one of the effective and reliable techniques for the management of spondylolisthesis.

  3. Radiographic results of single level transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in degenerative lumbar spine disease: focusing on changes of segmental lordosis in fusion segment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sang-Bum; Jeon, Taek-Soo; Heo, Youn-Moo; Lee, Woo-Suk; Yi, Jin-Woong; Kim, Tae-Kyun; Hwang, Cheol-Mog

    2009-12-01

    To assess the radiographic results in patients who underwent transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF), particularly the changes in segmental lordosis in the fusion segment, whole lumbar lordosis and disc height. Twenty six cases of single-level TLIF in degenerative lumbar diseases were analyzed. The changes in segmental lordosis, whole lumbar lordosis, and disc height were evaluated before surgery, after surgery and at the final follow-up. The segmental lordosis increased significantly after surgery but decreased at the final follow-up. Compared to the preoperative values, the segmental lordosis did not change significantly at the final follow-up. Whole lumbar lordosis at the final follow-up was significantly higher than the preoperative values. The disc height was significantly higher in after surgery than before surgery (p = 0.000) and the disc height alter surgery and at the final follow-up was similar. When performing TLIF, careful surgical techniques and attention are needed to restore and maintain the segmental lordosis at the fusion level.

  4. Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) versus posterolateral instrumented fusion (PLF) in degenerative lumbar disorders: a randomized clinical trial with 2-year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Høy, Kristian; Bünger, Cody; Niederman, Bent; Helmig, Peter; Hansen, Ebbe Stender; Li, Haisheng; Andersen, Thomas

    2013-09-01

    The aim of the present study was to analyze outcome, with respect to functional disability, pain, fusion rate, and complications of patients treated with transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in compared to instrumented poserolateral fusion (PLF) alone, in low back pain. Spinal fusion has become a major procedure worldwide. However, conflicting results exist. Theoretical circumferential fusion could improve functional outcome. However, the theoretical advantages lack scientific documentation. Prospective randomized clinical study with a 2-year follow-up period. From November 2003 to November 2008 100 patients with severe low back pain and radicular pain were randomly selected for either posterolateral lumbar fusion [titanium TSRH (Medtronic)] or transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion [titanium TSRH (Medtronic)] with anterior intervertebral support by tantalum cage (Implex/Zimmer). The primary outcome scores were obtained using Dallas Pain Questionnaire (DPQ), Oswestry disability Index, SF-36, and low back pain Rating Scale. All measures assessed the endpoints at 2-year follow-up after surgery. The overall follow-up rate was 94 %. Sex ratio was 40/58. 51 patients had TLIF, 47 PLF. Mean age 49(TLIF)/45(PLF). No statistic difference in outcome between groups could be detected concerning daily activity, work leisure, anxiety/depression or social interest. We found no statistic difference concerning back pain or leg pain. In both the TLIF and the PLF groups the patients had significant improvement in functional outcome, back pain, and leg pain compared to preoperatively. Operation time and blood loss in the TLIF group were significantly higher than in the PLF group (p fusion rates was detected. Transforaminal interbody fusion did not improve functional outcome in patients compared to posterolateral fusion. Both groups improved significantly in all categories compared to preoperatively. Operation time and blood loss were significantly higher in the TLIF group.

  5. Guideline update for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 2: assessment of functional outcome following lumbar fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghogawala, Zoher; Resnick, Daniel K; Watters, William C; Mummaneni, Praveen V; Dailey, Andrew T; Choudhri, Tanvir F; Eck, Jason C; Sharan, Alok; Groff, Michael W; Wang, Jeffrey C; Dhall, Sanjay S; Kaiser, Michael G

    2014-07-01

    Assessment of functional patient-reported outcome following lumbar spinal fusion continues to be essential for comparing the effectiveness of different treatments for patients presenting with degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. When assessing functional outcome in patients being treated with lumbar spinal fusion, a reliable, valid, and responsive outcomes instrument such as the Oswestry Disability Index should be used. The SF-36 and the SF-12 have emerged as dominant measures of general health-related quality of life. Research has established the minimum clinically important difference for major functional outcomes measures, and this should be considered when assessing clinical outcome. The results of recent studies suggest that a patient's pretreatment psychological state is a major independent variable that affects the ability to detect change in functional outcome.

  6. Minimally invasive unilateral pedicle screw fixation and lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Bin; Xu, Yang; He, Yong; Zhang, Bi; Lin, Qiuyan; He, Mingchang

    2013-08-01

    Minimally invasive unilateral pedicle screw fixation for the treatment of degenerative lumbar diseases has won the support of many surgeons. However, few data are available regarding clinical research on unilateral pedicle screw fixation associated with minimally invasive techniques for the treatment of lumbar spinal diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes in a selected series of patients with lumbar degenerative diseases treated with minimally invasive unilateral vs classic bilateral pedicle screw fixation and lumbar interbody fusion. Patients in the unilateral group (n=43) underwent minimally invasive unilateral pedicle screw fixation with the Quadrant system (Medtronic, Memphis, Tennessee). The bilateral group (n=42) underwent bilateral instrumentation via the classic approach. Visual analog scale pain scores, Oswestry Disability Index scores, fusion rate, operative time, blood loss, and complications were analyzed. Mean operative time was 75 minutes in the unilateral group and 95 minutes in the bilateral group. Mean blood loss was 220 mL in the unilateral group and 450 mL in the bilateral group. Mean postoperative visual analog scale pain score was 3.10±0.16 in the unilateral group and 3.30±1.10 in the bilateral group. Mean postoperative Oswestry Disability Index score was 15.67±2.3 in the unilateral group and 14.93±2.6 in the bilateral group. Successful fusion was achieved in 92.34% of patients in the unilateral group and 93.56% of patients in the bilateral group. Minimally invasive unilateral pedicle screw fixation is an effective and reliable option for the surgical treatment of lumbar degenerative disease. It causes less blood loss, requires less operative time, and has a fusion rate comparable with that of conventional bilateral fixation. Copyright 2013, SLACK Incorporated.

  7. Lateral lumbar interbody fusion: a systematic review of complication rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hijji, Fady Y; Narain, Ankur S; Bohl, Daniel D; Ahn, Junyoung; Long, William W; DiBattista, Jacob V; Kudaravalli, Krishna T; Singh, Kern

    2017-10-01

    Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) is a frequently used technique for the treatment of lumbar pathology. Despite its overall success, LLIF has been associated with a unique set of complications. However, there has been inconsistent evidence regarding the complication rate of this approach. To perform a systematic review analyzing the rates of medical and surgical complications associated with LLIF. Systematic review. 6,819 patients who underwent LLIF reported in clinical studies through June 2016. Frequency of complications within cardiac, vascular, pulmonary, urologic, gastrointestinal, transient neurologic, persistent neurologic, and spine (MSK) categories. This systematic review was performed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Relevant studies that identified rates of any complication following LLIF procedures were obtained from PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases. Articles were excluded if they did not report complications, presented mixed complication data from other procedures, or were characterized as single case reports, reviews, or case series containing less than 10 patients. The primary outcome was frequency of complications within cardiac, vascular, pulmonary, urologic, gastrointestinal, transient neurologic, persistent neurologic, and MSK categories. All rates of complications were based on the sample sizes of studies that mentioned the respective complications. The authors report no conflicts of interest directly or indirectly related to this work, and have not received any funds in support of this work. A total of 2,232 articles were identified. Following screening of title, abstract, and full-text availability, 63 articles were included in the review. A total of 6,819 patients had 11,325 levels fused. The rate of complications for the categories included were as follows: wound (1.38%; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.00%-1.85%), cardiac (1.86%; CI=1.33%-2.52%), vascular (0.81%; CI=0

  8. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion with cortical bone trajectory screw fixation versus posterior lumbar interbody fusion using traditional pedicle screw fixation for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis: a comparative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakaura, Hironobu; Miwa, Toshitada; Yamashita, Tomoya; Kuroda, Yusuke; Ohwada, Tetsuo

    2016-11-01

    OBJECTIVE Several biomechanical studies have demonstrated the favorable mechanical properties of the cortical bone trajectory (CBT) screw. However, no reports have examined surgical outcomes of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) with CBT screw fixation for degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) compared with those after PLIF using traditional pedicle screw (PS) fixation. The purposes of this study were thus to elucidate surgical outcomes after PLIF with CBT screw fixation for DS and to compare these results with those after PLIF using traditional PS fixation. METHODS Ninety-five consecutive patients underwent PLIF with CBT screw fixation for DS (CBT group; mean followup 35 months). A historical control group consisted of 82 consecutive patients who underwent PLIF with traditional PS fixation (PS group; mean follow-up 40 months). Clinical status was assessed using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scale score. Fusion status was assessed by dynamic plain radiographs and CT. The need for additional surgery and surgery-related complications was also evaluated. RESULTS The mean JOA score improved significantly from 13.7 points before surgery to 23.3 points at the latest follow-up in the CBT group (mean recovery rate 64.4%), compared with 14.4 points preoperatively to 22.7 points at final follow-up in the PS group (mean recovery rate 55.8%; p fusion was achieved in 84 patients from the CBT group (88.4%) and in 79 patients from the PS group (96.3%, p > 0.05). Symptomatic adjacent-segment disease developed in 3 patients from the CBT group (3.2%) compared with 9 patients from the PS group (11.0%, p fusion rate tended to be lower in the CBT group than in the PS group, although the difference was not statistically significant between the 2 groups.

  9. Pelvic parameters of sagittal balance in extreme lateral interbody fusion for degenerative lumbar disc disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, R D; Valore, A; Villaminar, A; Comisso, M; Balsano, M

    2013-04-01

    There is increasing interest in the use of pelvic indices to evaluate sagittal balance and predict outcomes in patients with spinal disease. Conventional posterior lumbar fusion techniques may adversely affect lumbar lordosis and spinal balance. Minimally invasive fusion of the lumbar spine is rapidly becoming a mainstay of treatment of lumbar degenerative disc disease. To our knowledge there are no studies evaluating the effect of extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) on pelvic indices. Hence, our aim was to study the effect of XLIF on pelvic indices related to sagittal balance, and report the results of a prospective longitudinal clinical study and retrospective radiographic analyses of patients undergoing XLIF in a single centre between January 2009 and July 2011. Clinical outcomes are reported for 30 patients and the retrospective analyses of radiographic data is reported for 22 of these patients to assess global and segmental lumbar lordosis and pelvic indices. Effect of XLIF on the correction of scoliotic deformity was assessed in 15 patients in this series. A significant improvement was seen in the visual analogue scale score, the Oswestry Disability Index and the Short Form-36 at 2months and 6months (p0.2). Global lumbar lordosis was not affected by XLIF (p>0.4). XLIF significantly increased segmental lumbar lordosis by 3.3° (psagittal balance. Long-term follow-up with a larger cohort will be required to further evaluate the effects of XLIF on sagittal balance.

  10. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion using one diagonal fusion cage with transpedicular screw/rod fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jie; Hou, Tiesheng; Wang, Xinwei; Ma, Shengzhong

    2003-04-01

    Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) using threaded cages has gained wide popularity for lumbosacral spinal disease. Our biomechanical tests showed that PLIF using a single diagonal cage with unilateral facetectomy does add a little to spinal stability and provides equal or even higher postoperative stability than PLIF using two posterior cages with bilateral facetectomy. Studies also demonstrated that cages placed using a posterior approach did not cause the same increase in spinal stiffness seen with pedicle screw instrumentation, and we concluded that cages should not be used posteriorly without other forms of fixation. On the other hand, placement of two cages using a posterior approach does have the disadvantage of risk to the bilateral nerve roots. We therefore performed a prospective study to determine whether PLIF can be accomplished by utilizing a single diagonal fusion cage with the application of supplemental transpedicular screw/rod instrumentation. Twenty-seven patients underwent a PLIF using one single fusion cage (BAK, Sulzer Spine-Tech, Minneapolis, MN, USA) inserted posterolaterally and oriented anteromedially on the symptomatic side with unilateral facetectomy and at the same level supplemental fixation with a transpedicular screw/rod system. The internal fixation systems included 12 SOCON spinal systems (Aesculap AG, Germany) and 15 TSRH spinal systems (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, USA). The inclusion criteria were grade 1 to 2 lumbar isthmic spondylolisthesis, lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis, and recurrent lumbar disc herniations with instability. Patients had at least 1 year of low back pain and/or unilateral sciatica and a severely restricted functional ability in individuals aged 28-55 years. Patients with more than grade 2 spondylolisthesis or adjacent-level degeneration were excluded from the study. Patients were clinically assessed prior to surgery by an independent assessor; they were then reassessed at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24

  11. Effect comparison of minimally invasive and open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of degenerative lumbar disease%微创和开放经椎间孔腰椎椎间融合术治疗腰椎退变性疾病的效果比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文明; 黄华伟; 黄勇全

    2014-01-01

    Objective To compare the clinical effect of minimally invasive and open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of degenerative lumbar disease. Methods 32 patients with degenerative lumbar disease in our hospital were selected as research subjects and randomly allocated to the research group and the control group,and there were 16 patients in each group.The control group received conventional open surgery,and the research group re-ceived minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion.Treatment effect between the two groups were com-pared. Results The total effective rate in the research group (93.75%) was obviously higher than that in the control group (68.75%) (P<0.05). Conclusion Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion treating degenerative lumbar disease helps not only improve total curative effects,but also reduce postoperative complications,which is worthy of clinical promotion.%目的:比较微创和开放经椎间孔腰椎椎间融合术治疗腰椎退变性疾病的临床效果。方法选取本院收治的32例腰椎退变性疾病患者为研究对象,随机分为研究组与对照组,各16例,对照组给予传统开放手术治疗,研究组给予微创经椎间孔腰椎椎间融合术治疗,比较两组的治疗效果。结果研究组的总有效率为93.75%,明显高于对照组的68.75%(P<0.05)。结论采用微创经椎间孔腰椎椎间融合术治疗腰椎退变性疾病不仅可以提高整体治疗效果,还可以减少术后并发症的出现,值得临床推广。

  12. Quantitative Data-driven Utilization of Hematologic Labs Following Lumbar Fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yew, Andrew Y; Hoffman, Haydn; Li, Charles; McBride, Duncan Q; Holly, Langston T; Lu, Daniel C

    2015-05-01

    Retrospective case series. Large national inpatient databases estimate that approximately 200,000 lumbar fusions are performed annually in the United States alone. It is common for surgeons to routinely order postoperative hematologic studies to rule out postoperative anemia despite a paucity of data to support routine laboratory utilization. To describe quantitative criteria to guide postoperative utilization of hematologic laboratory assessments. A retrospective analysis of 490 consecutive lumbar fusion procedures performed at a single institution by 3 spine surgeons was performed. Inclusion criteria included instrumented and noninstrumented lumbar fusions performed for any etiology. Data were acquired on preoperative and postoperative hematocrit, platelets, and international normalized ratio as well as age, sex, number of levels undergoing operation, indication for surgery, and intraoperative blood loss. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to determine correlation to postoperative transfusion requirement. A total of 490 patients undergoing lumbar fusion were identified. Twenty-five patients (5.1%) required postoperative transfusion. No patients required readmission for anemia or transfusion. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that reduced preoperative hematocrit and increased intraoperative blood loss were independent predictors of postoperative transfusion requirement. Intraoperative blood loss >1000 mL had an odds ratio of 8.9 (P=0.013), and preoperative hematocrit quantitative preoperative and intraoperative criteria to guide data-driven utilization of postoperative hematologic studies following lumbar fusion.

  13. Financial incentives for lumbar surgery: a critical analysis of physician reimbursement for decompression and fusion procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whang, Peter G; Lim, Moe R; Sasso, Rick C; Skelton, Alta; Brown, Zoe B; Greg Anderson, David; Albert, Todd J; Hilibrand, Alan S; Vaccaro, Alexander R

    2008-08-01

    Retrospective case-control study/economic analysis. To determine the treatment times required for isolated lumbar decompressions and for combined decompression and instrumented fusion procedures to compare the relative reimbursements for each type of operation as a function of time expenditure by the surgeon. Under current Medicare fee schedules, the payment for a fusion procedure is higher than of an isolated decompression. It has been recently suggested in the lay press that the greater reimbursement for a lumbar arthrodesis may inappropriately influence the manner in which surgeons elect to treat lumbar degenerative conditions, resulting in what they believe to be a substantial number of unnecessary spinal fusions. A consecutive series of 50 single-level decompression cases performed by single surgeon were retrospectively analyzed and compared with an equivalent cohort of subjects who underwent single-level decompression and instrumented posterolateral fusion with autogenous iliac crest bone grafting. The operative reports, office charts, and billing records were reviewed to determine the total clinical time invested by the surgeon and the Medicare reimbursement for each surgery. Relative to the corresponding values of the decompression group, combined decompression and fusion procedures were associated with a longer mean surgical time (134.6 min vs. 47.3 min, Pundue financial incentive to recommend a combined decompression and instrumented fusion procedure over an isolated decompression to patients with symptomatic lumbar degeneration, especially when considering the greater time, effort, and risk characteristic of this more complex operation.

  14. Comparison of clinical outcome of two transforaminal lumbar interbody fusions for single-level degenerative lumbar disease%两种经椎间孔椎体间融合治疗单节段腰椎退行性疾病的疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘新宇; 原所茂; 田永昊; 郑燕平; 王连雷; 李建民

    2015-01-01

    Objective To compare the clinical outcome of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (M-TLIF) and Wiltse-approach TLIF (W-TLIF) in treating single-level degenerative lumbar disease.Methods A retrospective review was performed on the 57 patients with single-level degenerative lumbar disorder managed via M-TLIF (n =27) and W-TLIF (n =30) from December 2009 to December 2010.In M-TLIF group degeneration at the L4-5 disc were noted in 11 cases and at the L5-S1 disc in 16 cases.And 19 cases were diagnosed with lumbar isthmus spondylolisthesis (17 with Grade Ⅰ spondylolisthesis and 2 with Grade Ⅱ spondylolisthesis),4 lumbar spinal stenosis and instability,2 lumbar disc herniation combined with huge posterior osteophytes,1 recurrent lumbar disc herniation after lumbar fenestration,and 1 recurrent lumbar spinal stenosis after decompression.In W-TLIF group degeneration at L4~5 disc were noted in 12 cases and at the L5-S1 disc in 18 cases.There were 19 cases diagnosed with lumbar isthmus spondylolisthesis (18 with Grade Ⅰ spondylolisthesis and 1 with Grade Ⅱ spondylolisthesis),3 with lumbar disc herniation,and 8 with lumbar spinal stenosis.Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were used to measure low back and leg pain.Modified Brantigan score was used to assess lumbar interbody fusion.Results Operative time was not significantly different between the two groups (P > 0.05).Incision length and mean blood loss were (5.1 ± 0.7) cm and (90.1 ± 10.5) ml in M-TLIF group,but were (6.9 ± 1.0)cm and (155.3 ±21.2)ml in W-TLIF group (P<0.05).At postoperative 1 and 3 days VAS in M-TLIF group was (2.1 ± 0.5) points and (1.0 ± 0.1) points respectively,but in W-TLIF group was (3.6 ± 0.1) points and (2.4 ± 1.0) points respectively (P < 0.05).Intraoperative X-ray fluoroscopy frequencies were (46 ± 9) times in M-TLIF group and (7 ± 2) times in W-TLIF group (P < 0.05).Mean period of follow-up was 26.7 months

  15. Lumbar spinal fusion patients' demands to the primary health sector: evaluation of three rehabilitation protocols

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Soegaard, Rikke; Christensen, Finn B; Lauerberg, Ida

    2006-01-01

    Very few studies have investigated the effects or costs of rehabilitation regimens following lumbar spinal fusion. The effectiveness of in-hospital rehabilitation regimens has substantial impact on patients' demands in the primary health care sector. The aim of this study was to investigate patient......-articulated demands to the primary health care sector following lumbar spinal fusion and three different in-hospital rehabilitation regimens in a prospective, randomized study with a 2-year follow-up. Ninety patients were randomized 3 months post lumbar spinal fusion to either a 'video' group (one-time oral...... service utilization in the primary health care sector as compared to the usual regimen and a training exercise regimen. The results stress the importance of a cognitive element of coping in a rehabilitation program....

  16. [Nursing Care of Lumbar Spine Fusion Surgery Using a Semi-Rigid Device (ISOBAR)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Meng-Shan; Su, Shu-Fen

    2016-04-01

    Aging frequently induces degenerative changes in the spine. Patients who suffer from lumbar degenerative disease tend to have lower back pain, neurological claudication, and neuropathy. Furthermore, incontinence may be an increasing issue as symptoms become severe. Lumbar spine fusion surgery is necessary if clinical symptoms continue to worsen or if the patient fails to respond to medication, physical therapy, or alternative treatments. However, this surgical procedure frequently induces adjacent segment disease (ASD), which is evidenced by the appearance of pathological changes in the upper and lower sections of the spinal surgical sites. In 1997, ISOBAR TTL dynamic rod stabilization was developed for application in spinal fusion surgery to prevent ASD-related complications. The device has proven effective in reducing pain in the lower back and legs, decreasing functional disability, improving quality of life, and retarding disc degeneration. However, the effectiveness of this intervention in decreasing the incidence of ASD requires further research investigation, and relevant literature and research in Taiwan is still lacking. This article discusses lumbar degenerative disease, its indications, the contraindications of lumbar spine fusion surgery using ISOBAR, and related postoperative nursing care. We hope this article provides proper and new knowledge to clinical nurses for the care of patients undergoing lumbar spine fusion surgery with ISOBAR.

  17. Arthrodesis to L5 versus S1 in long instrumentation and fusion for degenerative lumbar scoliosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Kyu-Jung; Suk, Se-Il; Park, Seung-Rim; Kim, Jin-Hyok; Choi, Sung-Wook; Yoon, Young-Hyun; Won, Man-Hee

    2009-04-01

    There is a debate regarding the distal fusion level for degenerative lumbar scoliosis. Whether a healthy L5-S1 motion segment should be included or not in the fusion remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal indication for the fusion to the sacrum, and to compare the results of distal fusion to L5 versus the sacrum in the long instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar scoliosis. A total of 45 patients who had undergone long instrumentation and fusion for degenerative lumbar scoliosis were evaluated with a minimum 2 year follow-up. Twenty-four patients (mean age 63.6) underwent fusion to L5 and 21 patients (mean age 65.6) underwent fusion to the sacrum. Supplemental interbody fusion was performed in 12 patients in the L5 group and eleven patients in the sacrum group. The number of levels fused was 6.08 segments (range 4-8) in the L5 group and 6.09 (range 4-9) in the sacrum group. Intraoperative blood loss (2,754 ml versus 2,938 ml) and operative time (220 min versus 229 min) were similar in both groups. The Cobb angle changed from 24.7 degrees before surgery to 6.8 degrees after surgery in the L5 group, and from 22.8 degrees to 7.7 degrees in the sacrum group without statistical difference. Correction of lumbar lordosis was statistically better in the sacrum group (P = 0.03). Less correction of lumbar lordosis in the L5 group seemed to be associated with subsequent advanced L5-S1 disc degeneration. The change of coronal and sagittal imbalance was not different in both groups. Subsequent advanced L5-S1 disc degeneration occurred in 58% of the patients in the L5 group. Symptomatic adjacent segment disease at L5-S1 developed in five patients. Interestingly, the development of adjacent segment disease was not related to the preoperative grade of disc degeneration, which proved minimal degeneration in the five patients. In the L5 group, there were nine patients of complications at L5-S1 segment, including adjacent segment disease at

  18. Association between insurance status and patient safety in the lumbar spine fusion population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanenbaum, Joseph E; Alentado, Vincent J; Miller, Jacob A; Lubelski, Daniel; Benzel, Edward C; Mroz, Thomas E

    2017-03-01

    Lumbar fusion is a common and costly procedure in the United States. Reimbursement for surgical procedures is increasingly tied to care quality and patient safety as part of value-based reimbursement programs. The incidence of adverse quality events among lumbar fusion patients is unknown using the definition of care quality (patient safety indicators [PSI]) used by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The association between insurance status and the incidence of PSI is similarly unknown in lumbar fusion patients. This study sought to determine the incidence of PSI in patients undergoing inpatient lumbar fusion and to quantify the association between primary payer status and PSI in this population. A retrospective cohort study was carried out. The sample comprised all adult patients aged 18 years and older who were included in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) that underwent lumbar fusion from 1998 to 2011. The incidence of one or more PSI, a validated and widely used metric of inpatient health-care quality and patient safety, was the primary outcome variable. The NIS data were examined for all cases of inpatient lumbar fusion from 1998 to 2011. The incidence of adverse patient safety events (PSI) was determined using publicly available lists of the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis codes. Logistic regression models were used to determine the association between primary payer status (Medicaid and self-pay relative to private insurance) and the incidence of PSI. A total of 539,172 adult lumbar fusion procedures were recorded in the NIS from 1998 to 2011. Patients were excluded from the secondary analysis if "other" or "missing" was listed for primary insurance status. The national incidence of PSI was calculated to be 2,445 per 100,000 patient years of observation, or approximately 2.5%. In a secondary analysis, after adjusting for patient demographics and hospital characteristics, Medicaid

  19. A Preliminary Report on the CO2 Laser for Lumbar Fusion: Safety, Efficacy and Technical Considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villavicencio, Alan T; Burneikiene, Sigita; Babuska, Jason M; Nelson, Ewell L; Mason, Alexander; Rajpal, Sharad

    2015-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate potential technical advantages of the CO2 laser technology in mini-open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) surgeries and report our preliminary clinical data on the safety and clinical outcomes. There is currently no literature discussing the recently redeveloped CO2 laser technology application for lumbar fusion. Safety and clinical outcomes were compared between two groups: 24 patients that underwent CO2 laser-assisted one-level TLIF surgeries and 30 patients that underwent standard one-level TLIF surgeries without the laser. There were no neural thermal injuries or other intraoperative laser-related complications encountered in this cohort of patients. At a mean follow-up of 17.4 months, significantly reduced lower back pain scores (P=0.013) were reported in the laser-assisted patient group compared to a standard fusion patient group. Lower extremity radicular pain intensity scores were similar in both groups. Laser-assisted TLIF surgeries showed a tendency (P = 0.07) of shorter operative times that was not statistically significant. Based on this preliminary clinical report, the safety of the CO2 laser device for lumbar fusion surgeries was assessed. There were no neural thermal injuries or other intraoperative laser-related complications encountered in this cohort of patients. Further investigation of CO2 laser-assisted lumbar fusion procedures is warranted in order to evaluate its effect on clinical outcomes.

  20. Guideline update for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 9: lumbar fusion for stenosis with spondylolisthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resnick, Daniel K; Watters, William C; Sharan, Alok; Mummaneni, Praveen V; Dailey, Andrew T; Wang, Jeffrey C; Choudhri, Tanvir F; Eck, Jason; Ghogawala, Zoher; Groff, Michael W; Dhall, Sanjay S; Kaiser, Michael G

    2014-07-01

    Patients presenting with stenosis associated with a spondylolisthesis will often describe signs and symptoms consistent with neurogenic claudication, radiculopathy, and/or low-back pain. The primary objective of surgery, when deemed appropriate, is to decompress the neural elements. As a result of the decompression, the inherent instability associated with the spondylolisthesis may progress and lead to further misalignment that results in pain or recurrence of neurological complaints. Under these circumstances, lumbar fusion is considered appropriate to stabilize the spine and prevent delayed deterioration. Since publication of the original guidelines there have been a significant number of studies published that continue to support the utility of lumbar fusion for patients presenting with stenosis and spondylolisthesis. Several recently published trials, including the Spine Patient Outcomes Research Trial, are among the largest prospective randomized investigations of this issue. Despite limitations of study design or execution, these trials have consistently demonstrated superior outcomes when patients undergo surgery, with the majority undergoing some type of lumbar fusion procedure. There is insufficient evidence, however, to recommend a standard approach to achieve a solid arthrodesis. When formulating the most appropriate surgical strategy, it is recommended that an individualized approach be adopted, one that takes into consideration the patient's unique anatomical constraints and desires, as well as surgeon's experience.

  1. Painful pseudoarthrosis following lumbar spinal fusion: Detection by combined SPECT and planar bone scintigraphy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Slizofski, W.J.; Hellman, R.S.; Isitman, A.T.; Collier, B.D.; Carrera, G.F.; Flatley, T.J.

    1987-02-01

    Twenty-six adult patients more than 6-months post-lumbar spinal fusion were studied. Flexion and extension radiographs showing motion or bone scintigrams, showing focal areas of increased activity within the fusion mass were considered positive for pseudarthrosis. Patients were classified as either symptomatic or asymptomatic. Among the 15 symptomatic patients, scintigraphy had a sensitivity of 0.78 and a specificity of 0.83 which was superior to the 0.43 sensitivity and 0.50 specificity of radiography. Six of the 11 asymptomatic patients had focal areas of increased activity in the bony fusion mass, possibly reflecting painless pseudarthrosis. Planar imaging was substantially enhanced by SPECT in 14 of the 26 cases. It is concluded that for the patient who remains symptomatic after lumbar spinal fusion, bone scintigraphy with SPECT is of significant value in detecting painful pseudarthrosis.

  2. Pelvic incidence-lumbar lordosis mismatch predisposes to adjacent segment disease after lumbar spinal fusion

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rothenfluh, Dominique A; Mueller, Daniel A; Rothenfluh, Esin; Min, Kan

    ..., and numbers of segments fused with a mean follow-up of 84 months (61–142) (total n = 84). Several radiographic parameters were measured on pre- and postoperative radiographs, including lumbar lordosis measured (LL...

  3. Older literature review of increased risk of adjacent segment degeneration with instrumented lumbar fusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy E Epstein

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: Too many studies assume that TLIF, PLIF, and even PLF instrumented fusions are the "gold standard of care" for dealing with degenerative disease of the lumbar spine without documented instability. It is time to correct that assumption, and reassess the older literature along with the new to confirm that decompression alone and noninstrumented fusion avoid significant morbidity and even potentially mortality attributed to unnecessary instrumentation.

  4. Posterolateral lumbar fusion: Relationship between computed tomography Hounsfield units and symptomatic pseudoarthrosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ha Son Nguyen

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: Currently, CT imaging is typically not obtained prior to lumbar fusion. Results demonstrated that CT HU values were significantly larger for patients who did not exhibit symptomatic pseudoarthrosis at 1-year follow-up compared to those who required revision surgery. As such, CT HU values may serve as a predictor for bony fusion to guide surgical management of patients under consideration for PLF.

  5. Segmental and global lordosis changes with two-level axial lumbar interbody fusion and posterior instrumentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melgar, Miguel A; Tobler, William D; Ernst, Robert J; Raley, Thomas J; Anand, Neel; Miller, Larry E; Nasca, Richard J

    2014-01-01

    Background Loss of lumbar lordosis has been reported after lumbar interbody fusion surgery and may portend poor clinical and radiographic outcome. The objective of this research was to measure changes in segmental and global lumbar lordosis in patients treated with presacral axial L4-S1 interbody fusion and posterior instrumentation and to determine if these changes influenced patient outcomes. Methods We performed a retrospective, multi-center review of prospectively collected data in 58 consecutive patients with disabling lumbar pain and radiculopathy unresponsive to nonsurgical treatment who underwent L4-S1 interbody fusion with the AxiaLIF two-level system (Baxano Surgical, Raleigh NC). Main outcomes included back pain severity, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Odom's outcome criteria, and fusion status using flexion and extension radiographs and computed tomography scans. Segmental (L4-S1) and global (L1-S1) lumbar lordosis measurements were made using standing lateral radiographs. All patients were followed for at least 24 months (mean: 29 months, range 24-56 months). Results There was no bowel injury, vascular injury, deep infection, neurologic complication or implant failure. Mean back pain severity improved from 7.8±1.7 at baseline to 3.3±2.6 at 2 years (p lordosis, defined as a change in Cobb angle ≤ 5°, was identified in 84% of patients at L4-S1 and 81% of patients at L1-S1. Patients with loss or gain in segmental or global lordosis experienced similar 2-year outcomes versus those with less than a 5° change. Conclusions/Clinical Relevance Two-level axial interbody fusion supplemented with posterior fixation does not alter segmental or global lordosis in most patients. Patients with postoperative change in lordosis greater than 5° have similarly favorable long-term clinical outcomes and fusion rates compared to patients with less than 5° lordosis change. PMID:25694920

  6. The biomechanical effect of postoperative hypolordosis in instrumented lumbar fusion on instrumented and adjacent spinal segments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umehara, S; Zindrick, M R; Patwardhan, A G; Havey, R M; Vrbos, L A; Knight, G W; Miyano, S; Kirincic, M; Kaneda, K; Lorenz, M A

    2000-07-01

    Change in lumbar lordosis was measured in patients that had undergone posterolateral lumbar fusions using transpedicular instrumentation. The biomechanical effects of postoperative lumbar malalignment were measured in cadaveric specimens. To determine the extent of postoperative lumbar sagittal malalignment caused by an intraoperative kneeling position with 90 degrees of hip and knee flexion, and to assess its effect on the mechanical loading of the instrumented and adjacent segments. The importance of maintaining the baseline lumbar lordosis after surgery has been stressed in the literature. However, there are few objective data to evaluate whether postoperative hypolordosis in the instrumented segments can increase the likelihood of junctional breakdown. Segmental lordosis was measured on preoperative standing, intraoperative prone, and postoperative standing radiographs. In human cadaveric spines, a lordosis loss of up to 8 degrees was created across L4-S1 using calibrated transpedicular devices. Specimens were tested in extension and under axial loading in the upright posture. In patients who underwent L4-S1 fusions, the lordosis within the fusion decreased by 10 degrees intraoperatively and after surgery. Postoperative lordosis in the proximal (L2-L3 and L3-L4) segments increased by 2 degrees each, as compared with the preoperative measures. Hypolordosis in the instrumented segments increased the load across the posterior transpedicular devices, the posterior shear force, and the lamina strain at the adjacent level. Hypolordosis in the instrumented segments caused increased loading of the posterior column of the adjacent segments. These biomechanical effects may explain the degenerative changes at the junctional level that have been observed as long-term consequences of lumbar fusion.

  7. Guideline update for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 16: bone graft extenders and substitutes as an adjunct for lumbar fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, Michael G; Groff, Michael W; Watters, William C; Ghogawala, Zoher; Mummaneni, Praveen V; Dailey, Andrew T; Choudhri, Tanvir F; Eck, Jason C; Sharan, Alok; Wang, Jeffrey C; Dhall, Sanjay S; Resnick, Daniel K

    2014-07-01

    In an attempt to enhance the potential to achieve a solid arthrodesis and avoid the morbidity of harvesting autologous iliac crest bone (AICB) for a lumbar fusion, numerous alternatives have been investigated. The use of these fusion adjuncts has become routine despite a lack of convincing evidence demonstrating a benefit to justify added costs or potential harm. Potential alternatives to AICB include locally harvested autograft, calcium-phosphate salts, demineralized bone matrix (DBM), and the family of bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). In particular, no option has created greater controversy than the BMPs. A significant increase in the number of publications, particularly with respect to the BMPs, has taken place since the release of the original guidelines. Both DBM and the calciumphosphate salts have demonstrated efficacy as a graft extender or as a substitute for AICB when combined with local autograft. The use of recombinant human BMP-2 (rhBMP-2) as a substitute for AICB, when performing an interbody lumbar fusion, is considered an option since similar outcomes have been observed; however, the potential for heterotopic bone formation is a concern. The use of rhBMP-2, when combined with calcium phosphates, as a substitute for AICB, or as an extender, when used with local autograft or AICB, is also considered an option as similar fusion rates and clinical outcomes have been observed. Surgeons electing to use BMPs should be aware of a growing body of literature demonstrating unique complications associated with the use of BMPs.

  8. Traumatic Lumbosacral Dislocation Treated with Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using Intersomatic Cages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katsuhiro Tofuku

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A 35-year-old man was struck by a car on his right side and presented with paraparesis of both lower extremities. Radiographic examination revealed multiple transverse process fractures and anterior displacement of L5 on S1. Computed tomography revealed a bilateral anterior facet dislocation of the fifth lumbar vertebra on the sacrum. MRI showed rupture of the posterior ligamentous complex. A posterior lumbar interbody fusion using two intersomatic cages and pedicle screw instrumentation and posterior fusion were performed. Although no major disc lesion was found at the level of L5-S1 on preoperative MRI, a severely collapsed L5-S1 disc was found intraoperatively. Two years after surgery, the patient was asymptomatic with normal neurological findings, and has resumed normal activity. We believe that lumbosacral dislocation can be considered a three-column injury with an L5-S1 disc lesion, and, therefore, requires a solid circumferential segmental arthrodesis to improve fusion rate.

  9. Loss of lumbar lordosis. A complication of spinal fusion for scoliosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Grone, M O

    1988-04-01

    Symptomatic loss of lumbar lordosis is a disabling complication of scoliosis surgery. This so-called "flat-back syndrome" is characterized by an inability to stand erect and by upper back pain. Distraction instrumentation extending into the lower lumbar spine or sacrum is the most frequently identified etiologic factor responsible for loss of lordosis. The more distal the level of instrumentation, the severer the loss of lumbar lordosis. Other factors that may aggravate the loss of lordosis include thoracolumbar kyphosis, fixed thoracic kyphosis, hip flexion contractures, and pseudoarthrosis. Because of the wide range of values for kyphosis and lordosis in normal individuals, there is no absolute value that can be considered "normal." It is the overall sagittal plane balance that is most important. The most useful radiographic measurement to evaluate this sagittal plane balance is the full-length standing lateral radiograph with the knees extended. On this view, the C7-S1 measurement should fall within 2 cm of the anterior aspect of the sacrum. Surgical treatment for symptomatic loss of lumbar lordosis consists of closing wedge osteotomies through the fusion mass. This should generally be preceded by an anterior release and interbody fusion. Correction should be obtained at the site of the deformity with particular attention paid to the thoracolumbar junction. The surgery is difficult and the risk of complication is high. The most important aspect of this postural disorder is prevention. Avoid distraction instrumentation that extends into the lumbar spine if possible. When distraction instrumentation is used, the techniques described will help preserve lumbar lordosis. When performing a fusion to the sacrum, distraction instrumentation should not be used.

  10. Malnutrition Predicts Infectious and Wound Complications Following Posterior Lumbar Spinal Fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohl, Daniel D; Shen, Mary R; Mayo, Benjamin C; Massel, Dustin H; Long, William W; Modi, Krishna D; Basques, Bryce A; Singh, Kern

    2016-11-01

    A retrospective review of data collected prospectively by the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP). The aim of this study was to investigate the association between preoperative hypoalbuminemia, a marker for malnutrition, and complications during the 30 days following posterior lumbar fusion surgery. Malnutrition is a potentially modifiable risk factor that may contribute to complications following spinal surgery. Although prior studies have identified associations between malnutrition, delayed wound healing, and surgical site infection (SSI), the evidence for such a relationship within spine surgery is mixed. Patients who underwent posterior lumbar spinal fusion of one to three levels as part of the ACS-NSQIP were identified. Patients without preoperative serum albumin concentration were excluded. Outcomes were compared between patients with and without hypoalbuminemia (defined as serum albumin concentration malnutrition is an independent risk factor for infectious and wound complications following posterior lumbar fusion. Malnutrition was also associated with an increased length of stay and readmission. Future studies should evaluate methods of correcting malnutrition before lumbar spinal surgery. Such efforts have the potential to meaningfully decrease the rates of adverse events following this procedure. 3.

  11. The role of spinal instrumentation in augmenting lumbar posterolateral fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotani, Y; Cunningham, B W; Cappuccino, A; Kaneda, K; McAfee, P C

    1996-02-01

    Using a sheep model, clinically practical posterolateral intertransverse process fusion was successfully achieved and biomechanically tested to determine the load-sharing environment provided by spinal instrumentation and posterolateral fusion mass following solid arthrodesis. To quantify the in vivo load-sharing capacity of spinal instrumentation on augmenting the posterolateral intertransverse fusion. The hypothesis was that transpedicular screw fixation maintains the biomechanical contribution to the posterolateral fusion stability even after successful arthrodesis because of its providing anterior and middle column support. Although many previous studies have documented the biological and biomechanical advantages of posterolateral fusion, it is known that posterolateral fusion without spinal instrumentation allowed significant remaining motion at the fused segment even after the solid arthrodesis. Whether spinal instrumentation, especially transpedicular screw fixation, augments in vivo posterolateral fusion stability after solid arthrodesis has not been previously investigated. Radiographic, macroscopic, and biomechanical analyses of a posterolateral intertransverse process fusion model were performed on 18 sheep at 4 months postoperatively. The load-sharing contribution of the spinal instrumentation was calculated based on the stability with or without spinal instrumentation tested in five loading modalities. Histomorphometry of the vertebral body spanned by spinal instrumentation provided the information regarding the biological effect of the load-sharing capacity of spinal instrumentation on bone remodeling. All sheep who received posterolateral intertransverse process fusion demonstrated successful solid arthrodesis and high biomechanical quality of the posterolateral fusion mass when compared to previous posterolateral fusion models. The significant difference in stiffness between fixation and subsequent fixation removal was observed in flexion, despite

  12. Decisive factor in increase of loading at adjacent segments after lumbar fusion: operative technique, pedicle screws, or fusion itself: biomechanical analysis using finite element

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Joon-Hee; Kim, Ho-Joong; Kang, Kyoung-Tak; Kim, Ka-yeon; Chun, Heoung-Jae; Moon, Seong-Hwan; Lee, Hwan-Mo

    2010-03-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the change in biomechanical milieu following removal of pedicle screws or removal of spinous process with posterior ligament complex in instrumented single level lumbar arthrodesis. We developed and validated a finite element model (FEM) of the intact lumbar spine (L2-4). Four scenarios of L3-4 lumbar fusion were simulated: posterolateral fusion (PLF) at L3-4 using pedicle screw system with preservation of PLC (Pp WiP), L3-4 lumbar posterolateral fusion state after removal of pedicle screw system with preservation of PLC (Pp WoP), L3-4 using pedicle screw system without preservation PLC (Sp WiP), L3-4 lumbar posterolateral fusion state after removal of pedicle screw system without preservation of PLC (Sp WoP). For these models, we investigated the range of motion and maximal Von mises stress of disc in all segments under various moments. All fusion models demonstrated increase in range of motion at adjacent segments compared to the intact model.For the four fusion models, the WiP model s P had the largest increase in range of motion at each adjacent segment. This study demonstrated that removal of pedicle screw system and preservation of PLC after complete lumbar spinal fusion could reduce the stress of adjacent segments synergistically and might have beneficial effects in preventing ASD.

  13. Lumbopelvic parameters and the extent of lumbar fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ha Son Nguyen

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: The results imply that the extent of instrumentation, including the involvement of the sacrum, may not alter lumbopelvic parameters. This appears to argue against the idea that longer fusion constructs induce more stress on the pelvis and SI joint.

  14. Instrumented posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) with interbody fusion device (Cage) in degenerative disc disease (DDD): 3 years outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahsan, M K; Hossain, M A; Sakeb, N; Khan, S I; Zaman, N

    2013-10-01

    This prospective interventional study carried out at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University and a private hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh during the period from October 2003 to September 2011. Surgical treatment of degenerative disc disease (DDD) should aim to re-expand the interbody space and stabilize until fusion is complete. The present study conducted to find out the efficacy of using interbody fusion device (Cage) to achieve interbody space re-expansion and fusion in surgical management of DDD. We have performed the interventional study on 53 patients, 42 female and 11 male, with age between 40 to 67 years. All the patients were followed up for 36 to 60 months (average 48 months). Forty seven patients were with spondylolisthesis and 06 with desiccated disc. All subjects were evaluated with regard to immediate and long term complications, radiological fusion and interbody space re-expansion and maintenance. The clinical outcome (pain and disability) was scored by standard pre and postoperative questionnaires. Intrusion, extrusion and migration of the interbody fusion cage were also assessed. Forty seven patients were considered to have satisfactory outcome in at least 36 months follow up. Pseudoarthrosis developed in 04 cases and 06 patients developed complications. In this series posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) with interbody cage and instrumentation in DDD showed significant fusion rate and maintenance of interbody space. Satisfactory outcome observed in 88.68% cases.

  15. Variations in data collection methods between national databases affect study results: a comparison of the nationwide inpatient sample and national surgical quality improvement program databases for lumbar spine fusion procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohl, Daniel D; Russo, Glenn S; Basques, Bryce A; Golinvaux, Nicholas S; Fu, Michael C; Long, William D; Grauer, Jonathan N

    2014-12-03

    There has been an increasing use of national databases to conduct orthopaedic research. Questions regarding the validity and consistency of these studies have not been fully addressed. The purpose of this study was to test for similarity in reported measures between two national databases commonly used for orthopaedic research. A retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion procedures during 2009 to 2011 was performed in two national databases: the Nationwide Inpatient Sample and the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. Demographic characteristics, comorbidities, and inpatient adverse events were directly compared between databases. The total numbers of patients included were 144,098 from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample and 8434 from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program. There were only small differences in demographic characteristics between the two databases. There were large differences between databases in the rates at which specific comorbidities were documented. Non-morbid obesity was documented at rates of 9.33% in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample and 36.93% in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (relative risk, 0.25; p databases in the rates at which specific inpatient adverse events were documented. Sepsis was documented at rates of 0.38% in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample and 0.81% in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (relative risk, 0.47; p database studies become more prevalent in orthopaedic surgery, authors, reviewers, and readers should view these studies with caution. This study shows that two commonly used databases can identify demographically similar patients undergoing a common orthopaedic procedure; however, the databases document markedly different rates of comorbidities and inpatient adverse events. The differences are likely the result of the very different mechanisms through which the databases collect their comorbidity and adverse event data. Findings highlight

  16. Minimally Invasive Oblique Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Spinal Endoscope Assistance: Technical Note.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heo, Dong Hwa; Choi, Won Suh; Park, Choon-Keun; Kim, Jin-Sung

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of this report is to describe the surgical methodology and effectiveness of minimally invasive oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) assisted by spinal endoscopy, which can treat disk herniation from the central to contralateral foramen. OLIF showed indirect decompression effects on reduction of spondylolisthesis and a foraminal widening effect on disk height restoration. In this study, the indirect decompression effect of OLIF was augmented by direct endoscopic decompression and spinal endoscopy for removal of herniated disk materials. Twelve patients with confirmed degenerative lumbar stenosis, herniated lumbar disks, and degenerative spondylolisthesis were treated using OLIF with spinal endoscopic discectomy. Direct ventral decompression was achieved by removal of herniated disk materials. The symptoms of all patients improved postoperatively. OLIF with spinal endoscopic discectomy can achieve neural decompression without additional posterior decompression and can be used as an alternative treatment in selected cases. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Cortical blindness following posterior lumbar decompression and fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarwal, Nitin; Hansberry, David R; Goldstein, Ira M

    2014-01-01

    Perioperative vision loss following non-ocular surgery is a well-documented phenomenon. In particular, perioperative vision loss has been frequently cited following spinal surgery. Although the rate of vision compromise in spinal surgery is relatively low, the consequences can be quite severe and devastating for the patient. We report a 60-year-old woman who initially presented with back and left leg pain as well as paraparesis. Imaging studies of the lumbar spine showed bony erosion consistent with tumor infiltration of the L3 and L4 spinal segments. Laminectomy at the L2-L4 levels for decompression of the intraspinal tumor was performed. Pathology of the resected bone was consistent with metastatic adenocarincoma. Postoperatively, the patient suffered severe anemia and bilateral infarctions of the posterior cerebral arteries and occipital lobes resulting in vision compromise. Although a definitive pathogenesis remains unknown, preoperative cardiovascular issues and intraoperative hemodynamic instabilities have typically been implicated as high risk factors. High risk factors for this novel clinical presentation of visual compromise following posterior lumbar laminectomy with decompression for an intraspinal tumor are reported.

  18. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with expandable versus static interbody devices: radiographic assessment of sagittal segmental and pelvic parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawasli, Ammar H; Khalifeh, Jawad M; Chatrath, Ajay; Yarbrough, Chester K; Ray, Wilson Z

    2017-08-01

    OBJECTIVE Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) has been adopted as an alternative technique to hasten recovery and minimize postoperative morbidity. Advances in instrumentation technologies and operative techniques have evolved to maximize patient outcomes as well as radiographic results. The development of expandable interbody devices allows a surgeon to perform MIS-TLIF with minimal tissue disruption. However, sagittal segmental and pelvic radiographic outcomes after MIS-TLIF with expandable interbody devices are not well characterized. The object of this study is to evaluate the radiographic sagittal lumbar segmental and pelvic parameter outcomes of MIS-TLIF performed using an expandable interbody device. METHODS A retrospective review of MIS-TLIFs performed between 2014 and 2016 at a high-volume center was performed. Radiographic measurements were performed on lateral radiographs before and after MIS-TLIF with static or expandable interbody devices. Radiographic measurements included disc height, foraminal height, fused disc angle, lumbar lordosis, pelvic incidence, sacral slope, and pelvic tilt. Mismatch between pelvic incidence and lumbar lordosis were calculated for each radiograph. RESULTS A total of 48 MIS-TLIFs were performed, predominantly at the L4-5 level, in 44 patients. MIS-TLIF with an expandable interbody device led to a greater and more sustained increase in disc height when compared with static interbody devices. Foraminal height increased after MIS-TLIF with expandable but not with static interbody devices. MIS-TLIF with expandable interbody devices increased index-level segmental lordosis more than with static interbody devices. The increase in segmental lordosis was sustained in the patients with expandable interbody devices but not in patients with static interbody devices. For patients with a collapsed disc space, MIS-TLIF with an expandable interbody device provided superior and longer-lasting increases in

  19. Neurogenic Shock Immediately following Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Report of Two Cases

    OpenAIRE

    Matsumoto, Tomiya; Okuda, Shinya; Haku, Takamitsu; Maeda, Kazuya; Maeno, Takafumi; Yamashita, Tomoya; Yamasaki, Ryoji; Kuratsu, Shigeyuki; Iwasaki, Motoki

    2014-01-01

    Study Design Case report. Objective To present two cases of neurogenic shock that occurred immediately following posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and that appeared to have been caused by the vasovagal reflex after dural injury and incarceration of the cauda equina. Case Report We present two cases of neurogenic shock that occurred immediately following PLIF. One patient had bradycardia, and the other developed cardiac arrest just after closing the surgical incision and opening the dra...

  20. A review: Reduced reoperation rate for multilevel lumbar laminectomies with noninstrumented versus instrumented fusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy Ellen Epstein

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: Many studies document no benefit for adding instrumentation to laminectomies performed for degenerative disease, including spondylolisthesis. Reoperation rates for laminectomy alone/laminectomy with noninstrumented fusions vary from 1.3% to 5.6% whereas reoperation rates for ASD after instrumented PLIF was 80% at 5 postoperative years. This review should prompt spinal surgeons to reexamine when, why, and whether instrumentation is really necessary, particularly for treating degenerative lumbar disease.

  1. Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion in Patients with Osteoporosis

    OpenAIRE

    Formby, Peter M.; Kang, Daniel G.; Helgeson, Melvin D.; Wagner, Scott C.

    2016-01-01

    Study Design Retrospective review. Objective To compare clinical outcomes after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) in patients with and patients without osteoporosis. Methods We reviewed all patients with 6-month postoperative radiographs and computed tomography (CT) scans for evaluation of the interbody cage. CT Hounsfield unit (HU) measurements of the instrumented vertebral body were used to determine whether patients had osteoporosis. Radiographs and CT scans were evaluated for ...

  2. Is type of compensation a predictor of outcome after lumbar fusion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gum, Jeffrey L; Glassman, Steven D; Carreon, Leah Y

    2013-03-01

    Propensity-matched case-control study. To examine the impact of compensation status on clinical outcomes after lumbar spine fusion. Workers' compensation has been associated with inferior outcomes after treatment of low back pain. However, patients receiving other forms of compensation, such as long-term disability or government-supported insurance, have not been studied independently. Patients with complete preoperative and 2-year postoperative data, including Oswestry disability index, 36-item short form health survey, and numeric rating scales for back and leg pain, after 1- or 2-level posterolateral lumbar fusion from a single spine surgery practice, were retrospectively identified. Fifty-nine patients 50 years or younger receiving disability compensation and 38 patients receiving workers' compensation were identified from 1144 patients with complete outcome measures. Propensity scoring was used to match cohorts not receiving compensation. Each group was matched for sex, age, smoking status, body mass index, surgical indication, number of levels fused, and baseline outcome measures. Fifty-one and 37 matched pairs were successfully identified for disability and workers' compensation cohorts, respectively. Consistent with propensity matching, no statistically significant difference between cohorts was observed for demographics and baseline outcome measures. At 2-year follow-up, the disability compensation group demonstrated similar degrees of improvement for all outcome measures compared with its matched nondisability cohort, whereas the workers' compensation group demonstrated less improvement than its matched cohort. This study demonstrates a difference in outcomes after lumbar spinal fusion between long-term disability and workers' compensation populations. Although, these populations achieve only marginal improvement, it seems that the type of compensation status influences outcome. Workers' compensation has a clear, negative influence on outcome when

  3. Variability in Standard Outcomes of Posterior Lumbar Fusion Determined by National Databases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Jacob R; Smith, Brandon W; Park, Paul

    2017-01-01

    National databases are used with increasing frequency in spine surgery literature to evaluate patient outcomes. The differences between individual databases in relationship to outcomes of lumbar fusion are not known. We evaluated the variability in standard outcomes of posterior lumbar fusion between the University HealthSystem Consortium (UHC) database and the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample (NIS). NIS and UHC databases were queried for all posterior lumbar fusions (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision code 81.07) performed in 2012. Patient demographics, comorbidities (including obesity), length of stay (LOS), in-hospital mortality, and complications such as urinary tract infection, deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction, durotomy, and surgical site infection were collected using specific International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes. Analysis included 21,470 patients from the NIS database and 14,898 patients from the UHC database. Demographic data were not significantly different between databases. Obesity was more prevalent in UHC (P = 0.001). Mean LOS was 3.8 days in NIS and 4.55 in UHC (P databases. NIS and UHC databases had similar demographic patient populations undergoing posterior lumbar fusion. However, the UHC database reported significantly higher complication rate and longer LOS. This difference may reflect academic institutions treating higher-risk patients; however, a definitive reason for the variability between databases is unknown. The inability to precisely determine the basis of the variability between databases highlights the limitations of using administrative databases for spinal outcome analysis. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Clinical outcomes after posterolateral lumbar fusion in workers' compensation patients: a case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carreon, Leah Y; Glassman, Steven D; Kantamneni, Neha R; Mugavin, Mark O; Djurasovic, Mladen

    2010-09-01

    Case-control propensity matched. To compare clinical outcomes after lumbar fusion in patients receiving workers' compensation with a case-matched control group who are not on workers' compensation. Previous studies have demonstrated poor outcomes in patients receiving workers' compensation after lumbar fusion. However, a case-control study where patients are matched for covariates known to affect outcomes after lumbar fusion, including baseline clinical outcome measures, has not been done. From 783 patients who underwent posterolateral fusion with complete preoperative and 2-year postoperative outcome measures, 60 patients who were receiving workers' compensation were identified. Outcome measures included the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Short Form-36 (SF-36), and back and leg pain numerical rating scales. Propensity scoring technique was used to match these patients with a control group not receiving workers' compensation using sex, age, smoking status, body mass index, diagnosis, number of levels fused, preoperative ODI, SF-36 Physical Component Summary (PCS), SF-36 Mental Component Summary, and back and leg pain scores, producing 58 matched pairs. There were no significant differences between the demographics, job classification, and preoperative outcome scores in the two groups. At 2 years after operation, patients not receiving workers' compensation had a significantly greater improvement in ODI (P=0.009) and SF-36 PCS (P=0.007) compared with those receiving workers' compensation. Although patients not receiving workers' compensation had greater improvements in back and leg pain compared with those receiving workers' compensation, this did not reach statistical significance (P=0.079). The mean 2-year ODI, SF-36 PCS, and back pain raw scores of patients receiving workers' compensation were significantly lower than those not receiving workers' compensation. Only 19% of workers' compensation patients achieved minimum clinically important difference in terms

  5. Current strategies for the restoration of adequate lordosis during lumbar fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrey, Cédric; Darnis, Alice

    2015-01-18

    Not restoring the adequate lumbar lordosis during lumbar fusion surgery may result in mechanical low back pain, sagittal unbalance and adjacent segment degeneration. The objective of this work is to describe the current strategies and concepts for restoration of adequate lordosis during fusion surgery. Theoretical lordosis can be evaluated from the measurement of the pelvic incidence and from the analysis of spatial organization of the lumbar spine with 2/3 of the lordosis given by the L4-S1 segment and 85% by the L3-S1 segment. Technical aspects involve patient positioning on the operating table, release maneuvers, type of instrumentation used (rod, screw-rod connection, interbody cages), surgical sequence and the overall surgical strategy. Spinal osteotomies may be required in case of fixed kyphotic spine. AP combined surgery is particularly efficient in restoring lordosis at L5-S1 level and should be recommended. Finally, not one but several strategies may be used to achieve the need for restoration of adequate lordosis during fusion surgery.

  6. 3-D MRI/CT fusion imaging of the lumbar spine

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    Yamanaka, Yuki; Kamogawa, Junji; Misaki, Hiroshi; Kamada, Kazuo; Okuda, Shunsuke; Morino, Tadao; Ogata, Tadanori; Yamamoto, Haruyasu [Ehime University, Department of Bone and Joint Surgery, Toon-shi, Ehime (Japan); Katagi, Ryosuke; Kodama, Kazuaki [Katagi Neurological Surgery, Imabari-shi, Ehime (Japan)

    2010-03-15

    The objective was to demonstrate the feasibility of MRI/CT fusion in demonstrating lumbar nerve root compromise. We combined 3-dimensional (3-D) computed tomography (CT) imaging of bone with 3-D magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of neural architecture (cauda equina and nerve roots) for two patients using VirtualPlace software. Although the pathological condition of nerve roots could not be assessed using MRI, myelography or CT myelography, 3-D MRI/CT fusion imaging enabled unambiguous, 3-D confirmation of the pathological state and courses of nerve roots, both inside and outside the foraminal arch, as well as thickening of the ligamentum flavum and the locations, forms and numbers of dorsal root ganglia. Positional relationships between intervertebral discs or bony spurs and nerve roots could also be depicted. Use of 3-D MRI/CT fusion imaging for the lumbar vertebral region successfully revealed the relationship between bone construction (bones, intervertebral joints, and intervertebral disks) and neural architecture (cauda equina and nerve roots) on a single film, three-dimensionally and in color. Such images may be useful in elucidating complex neurological conditions such as degenerative lumbar scoliosis(DLS), as well as in diagnosis and the planning of minimally invasive surgery. (orig.)

  7. Current strategies for the restoration of adequate lordosis during lumbar fusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrey, Cédric; Darnis, Alice

    2015-01-01

    Not restoring the adequate lumbar lordosis during lumbar fusion surgery may result in mechanical low back pain, sagittal unbalance and adjacent segment degeneration. The objective of this work is to describe the current strategies and concepts for restoration of adequate lordosis during fusion surgery. Theoretical lordosis can be evaluated from the measurement of the pelvic incidence and from the analysis of spatial organization of the lumbar spine with 2/3 of the lordosis given by the L4-S1 segment and 85% by the L3-S1 segment. Technical aspects involve patient positioning on the operating table, release maneuvers, type of instrumentation used (rod, screw-rod connection, interbody cages), surgical sequence and the overall surgical strategy. Spinal osteotomies may be required in case of fixed kyphotic spine. AP combined surgery is particularly efficient in restoring lordosis at L5-S1 level and should be recommended. Finally, not one but several strategies may be used to achieve the need for restoration of adequate lordosis during fusion surgery. PMID:25621216

  8. Posterior interbody fusion using a diagonal cage with unilateral transpedicular screw fixation for lumbar stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Jian; Zhang, Feng; Chen, Xiaoqing; Yao, Yu

    2011-03-01

    Few reports have described the combined use of unilateral pedicle screw fixation and interbody fusion for lumbar stenosis. We retrospectively reviewed 79 patients with lumbar stenosis. The rationale and effectiveness of unilateral pedicle screw fixation were studied from biomechanical and clinical perspectives, aiming to reduce stiffness of the implant. All patients were operated with posterior interbody fusion using a diagonal cage in combination with unilateral transpedicular screw fixation and had reached the 3-year follow-up interval after operation. The mean operating time was 115 minutes (range=95-150 min) and the mean estimated blood loss was 150 mL (range=100-200 mL). The mean duration of hospital stay was 10 days (range=7-15 days). Clinical outcomes were assessed prior to surgery and reassessed at intervals using Denis' pain and work scales. Fusion status was determined from X-rays and CT scans. At the final follow-up, the clinical results were satisfactory and patients showed significantly improved scores (pdiagonal cage with unilateral transpedicular fixation is an effective treatment for decompressive surgery for lumbar stenosis.

  9. Induction of early degeneration of the adjacent segment after posterior lumbar interbody fusion by excessive distraction of lumbar disc space.

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    Kaito, Takashi; Hosono, Noboru; Mukai, Yoshihiro; Makino, Takahiro; Fuji, Takeshi; Yonenobu, Kazuo

    2010-06-01

    Spinal fusion at the L4-5 disc space alters the normal biomechanics of the spine, and the loss of motion at the fused level is compensated by increased motion and load at the other unfused segments. This may lead to deterioration of the adjacent segments of the lumbar spine, called adjacent-segment disease (ASD). In this study, the authors investigate the distracted disc height of the fused segment, caused by cage or bone insertion during surgery, as a novel risk factor for ASD after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF). Radiographic L3-4 ASD is defined by development of spondylolisthesis greater than 3 mm, a decrease in disc height of more than 3 mm, or intervertebral angle at flexion smaller than -5 degrees . Symptomatic ASD is defined by a decrease of 4 points or more on the Japanese Orthopaedic Association scale. Eighty-five patients with L-4 spondylolisthesis treated by L4-5 PLIF underwent follow-up for more than 2 years (mean 38.8 +/- 17.1 months). The patients were divided into 3 groups according to the final outcome. Group A comprised those patients without ASD (58), Group B patients had radiographic ASD (14), and Group C patients had symptomatic ASD (13). The L4-5 disc space distraction by cage insertion was 3.1 mm in the group without ASD, 4.4 mm in the group with radiographic ASD, and 6.2 mm in the group with symptomatic ASD, as measured using lateral spinal radiographs just after surgery. Multivariate analysis showed that distraction was the most significant risk factor. The excessive distraction of the L4-5 disc space during PLIF surgery is a significant and potentially avoidable risk factor for the development of radiographic, symptomatic ASD.

  10. Application and development of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion%经椎间孔腰椎椎体间融合术的应用与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李华; 王辉; 丁文元

    2015-01-01

    Lumbar fusion has become a major surgical method in the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases. Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion ( TLIF ) has a series of advantages such as less damage to lumbar structure, less nerve injuries and less postoperative complications. With the constant increase of lumbar degenerative diseases, TLIF has been rapidly developed in recent years. With the development of surgery, minimally invasive technique has been used in TLIF. Minimally invasive-TLIF ( MI-TLIF ) has become one of the research hotspots in spinal surgery. The development process, technical features, biomechanical advantages, internal ifxation methods and fusion materials of TLIF and MI-TLIF are reviewed in this paper.

  11. Promoting lumbar spinal fusion by adenovirus-mediated bone morphogenetic protein-4 gene therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO Jian; ZHAO Dun-yan; SHEN Ai-guo; LIU Fan; ZHANG Feng; SUN Yu; WU Hong-fu; LU Chun-feng; SHI Hong-guang

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To determine whether an adenoviral construct containing bone morphogenetic protein-4 (BMP-4) gene can be used for lumbar spinal fusion. Methods: Twelve New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into two groups, 8 in the experimental group and 4 in the control group. Recombinant, replication-defective type 5 adenovirus with the cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter and BMP-4 gene (Ad-BMP-4) was used. Another adenovirus constructed with the CMV promoter and β-galactosidase gene (Ad-β-gal) was used as control. Using collagen sponge as a carrier, Ad-BMP-4 (2.9×108 pfu/ml ) was directly implanted on the surface of L5-L6 lamina in the experimental group, while Ad-β-gal was implanted simultaneously in the control group. X-ray was obtained at 3, 6, and 12 weeks postoperatively to observe new bone formation. When new bone formation was identified, CT scans and three-dimensional reconstruction were obtained. After that, the animals were killed and underwent histological inspection.Results: In 12 weeks after operation, new bone formation and fusion were observed on CT scans in the experimental group, without the evidence of ectopic calcification in the canal. Negative results were found in the control group. Histological analysis demonstrated endochondral bone formation at the operative site and fusion at early stage was testified.Conclusions: In vivo gene therapy using Ad-BMP-4 for lumbar posterolateral spinal fusion is practicable and effective.

  12. Non-union rate with stand-alone lateral lumbar interbody fusion.

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    Watkins, Robert; Watkins, Robert; Hanna, Robert

    2014-12-01

    Retrospective radiographic analysis.To determine the fusion rate of stand-alone lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF). Biomechanical studies have indicated that LLIF may be more stable than anterior or transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion. Early clinical reports of stand-alone LLIF have shown success in obtaining fusion and indirectly decompressing nerve roots. A consecutive case series of stand-alone LLIF was analyzed with chart and radiographic review. Non-union was determined by symptomatology consistent with non-union and absence of bridging bone on the CT scan. Thirty-nine levels of stand alone LLIF were performed in 23 patients. Eleven patients received 1-level surgery, 7 patients received 2-level surgery, 3 patients received 3-level surgery, and 1 patient received 4-level surgery. Excluding 1 infected case, we analyzed 37 levels of stand alone LLIF in 22 patients. Non-union incidence was 7 levels in 6 patients. Non-union rate was 7/37 (19%) per level and 6/22 (27%) per patient. While our study population was relatively low, a non-union rate of 19% to 27% is concerning for modern spine surgery. Currently in our practice, we occasionally still perform stand-alone LLIF utilizing 22 mm wide grafts in low-demand levels in non-smoking and non-osteoporotic patients. However, in a majority of patients, we provide supplemental fixation: bilateral pedicle screws in most patients and unilateral pedicle screws or spinous process plates in some patients.

  13. Preliminary study showing safety/efficacy of nanoss bioactive versus vitoss as bone graft expanders for lumbar noninstrumented fusions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy E Epstein

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: In this preliminary study of patients undergoing multilevel lumbar lamienctomies with posterolateral noninstrumented fusions, results were nearly comparable utilizing Vitoss or NanOss as bone graft expanders. Although the number of NanOss patients was substantially lower, the comparable efficacy and absence of postoperative complications for noninstrumented fusions is promising.

  14. Effect of lordosis angle change after lumbar/lumbosacral fusion on sacrum angular displacement: a finite element study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Ningfang; Shi, Jian; He, Dawei; Xie, Yang; Bai, Yushu; Wei, Xianzhao; Shi, Zhicai; Li, Ming

    2014-11-01

    To assess and characterize the sacrum angular displacements in response to lumbar lordosis after lumbar/lumbosacral fusion. A finite element model of the lower lumbar spine-pelvis was established and used to simulate the posterior fusion at L3-L5 and L4-S1. The lordosis angle in the fusion segments was set to five different conditions with respect to the intact model: 10° less than intact, 5° less than intact, same as intact, 5° more than intact, and 10° more than intact. Variations of the sacrum angular displacements with lordosis changes were analyzed under loading setting of axial compression, flexion, extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation. Compared with the intact lordosis, both increased and decreased lumbar lordosis angles caused the sacrum angular displacements to be increased. The lordosis angle increased by 10° induced the most substantial increase in sacrum angular displacements. In addition, the sacrum angular displacements of the L4-S1 fusion model at different lordosis angles were higher than those of the L3-L5 fusion model. The sacrum angular displacements occur as a result of the fusion surgery (L4-S1) and the changes in lumbar lordosis.

  15. Guideline update for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 14: brace therapy as an adjunct to or substitute for lumbar fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dailey, Andrew T; Ghogawala, Zoher; Choudhri, Tanvir F; Watters, William C; Resnick, Daniel K; Sharan, Alok; Eck, Jason C; Mummaneni, Praveen V; Wang, Jeffrey C; Groff, Michael W; Dhall, Sanjay S; Kaiser, Michael G

    2014-07-01

    The utilization of orthotic devices for lumbar degenerative disease has been justified from both a prognostic and therapeutic perspective. As a prognostic tool, bracing is applied prior to surgery to determine if immobilization of the spine leads to symptomatic relief and thus justify the performance of a fusion. Since bracing does not eliminate motion, the validity of this assumption is questionable. Only one low-level study has investigated the predictive value of bracing prior to surgery. No correlation between response to bracing and fusion outcome was observed; therefore a trial of preoperative bracing is not recommended. Based on low-level evidence, the use of bracing is not recommended for the prevention of low-back pain in a general working population, since the incidence of low-back pain and impact on productivity were not reduced. However, in laborers with a history of back pain, a positive impact on lost workdays was observed when bracing was applied. Bracing is recommended as an option for treatment of subacute low-back pain, as several higher-level studies have demonstrated an improvement in pain scores and function. The use of bracing following instrumented posterolateral fusion, however, is not recommended, since equivalent outcomes have been demonstrated with or without the application of a brace.

  16. Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: A Perspective on Current Evidence and Clinical Knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Habib

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the current published data regarding open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF in relation to minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF. Introduction. MI-TLIF, a modern method for lumbar interbody arthrodesis, has allowed for a minimally invasive method to treat degenerative spinal pathologies. Currently, there is limited literature that compares TLIF directly to MI-TLIF. Thus, we seek to discuss the current literature on these techniques. Methods. Using a PubMed search, we reviewed recent publications of open and MI-TLIF, dating from 2002 to 2012. We discussed these studies and their findings in this paper, focusing on patient-reported outcomes as well as complications. Results. Data found in 14 articles of the literature was analyzed. Using these reports, we found mean follow-up was 20 months. The mean patient study size was 52. Seven of the articles directly compared outcomes of open TLIF with MI-TLIF, such as mean duration of surgery, length of post-operative stay, blood loss, and complications. Conclusion. Although high-class data comparing these two techniques is lacking, the current evidence supports MI-TLIF with outcomes comparable to that of the traditional, open technique. Further prospective, randomized studies will help to further our understanding of this minimally invasive technique.

  17. Biomechanical analysis of cages for posterior lumbar interbody fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fantigrossi, Alfonso; Galbusera, Fabio; Raimondi, Manuela Teresa; Sassi, Marco; Fornari, Maurizio

    2007-01-01

    Interbody fusions using intervertebral cages have become increasingly common in spinal surgery. Computational simulations were conducted in order to compare different cage designs in terms of their biomechanical interaction with the spinal structures. Differences in cage design and surgical technique may significantly affect the biomechanics of the fused spine segment, but little knowledge is available on this topic. In the present study, four 3D finite element models were developed, reproducing the human L4-L5 spinal unit in intact condition and after implantation of three different cage models. The intact model consisted of two vertebral bodies and relevant laminae, facet joints, main ligaments and disc. The instrumented models reproduced the post-operative conditions resulting after implant of the different cages. The three considered devices were hollow threaded titanium cages, the BAK (Zimmer Centerpulse, Warsaw, IN, USA), the Interfix and the Interfix Fly (both by Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, TN, USA). Simulations were run imposing various loading conditions, under a constant compressive preload. A great increase in the stiffness induced on the spinal segment by all cages was observed in all the considered loading cases. Stress distributions on the bony surface were evaluated and discussed. The differences observed between the biomechanics of the instrumented models were associated with the geometrical and surgical features of the devices.

  18. Stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion for treatment of degenerative spondylolisthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Prashanth J; Ghent, Finn; Phan, Kevin; Lee, Keegan; Reddy, Rajesh; Mobbs, Ralph J

    2015-10-01

    We sought to evaluate the clinical and radiologic efficacy of stand-alone anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) for low grade degenerative spondylolisthesis, the favoured surgical management approach at our institution. The optimal approach for surgical management of spondylolisthesis remains contentious. We performed a prospective analysis of all consecutive patients with low grade lumbar spondylolisthesis who underwent ALIF between 2009 and 2013 by a single surgeon (n=27). The mean age was 64.9 years with a male to female ratio of 14:13. There were 32 levels operated and the average preoperative spondylolisthesis was 14.8%, which reduced to 6.4% postoperatively and 9.4% at the latest follow-up (p=0001). Postoperative disc height was increased to 175% of preoperative values and was statistically significant (plumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis. Future studies should include adequately powered, prospective, multicentre registry studies with long term follow-up to allow a better assessment of the relative benefits and risks.

  19. Clinical study on minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion combined with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation for degenerative lumbar scoliosis

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    Hao WU

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective To discuss the operative essentials and therapeutic effects of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF combined with percutaneous pedicle screw fixation for degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS.  Methods A total of 17 DLS patients without prior spinal diseases were treated by MIS-TLIF and percutaneous pedicle screw fixation from January 2013 to September 2015 in Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, and postoperative complication were recorded in each patient. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI were used to evaluate postoperative improvement of low back and leg pain, and clinical effects were assessed according to Medical Outcome Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36. Coronal Cobb angle, sagittal lordosis angle and spinal deviation distances on coronal and sagittal plane were measured before operation, one week, 3 months after operation and in the last follow-up in spinal full-length X-ray examination. Fusion rate was calculated according to X-ray or CT scan, and the degree of decompression was evaluated by MRI.  Results Decompression and fusion levels ranged from T12-S1 vertebrae, and interbody fusion was performed in 17 patients and 56 levels were fused. Average operation time was 200 min (180-300 min, intraoperative blood loss was 320 ml (200-1000 ml and hospital stay was 8.21 d (5-12 d. All patients were followed-up for 12.13 months (5-24 months. Compared with preoperation, VAS (P = 0.000, for all and ODI scores (P = 0.000, for all decreased significantly, SF-36 score increased (P = 0.000, for all, coronal Cobb angle (P = 0.000, for all, sagittal lordosis angle (P = 0.000, for all, coronal and sagittal deviation (P = 0.000, for all decreased significantly one week and 3 months after operation and in the last follow-up. The improvement rate of ODI was (86.51 ± 6.02%, fusion rate of vertebral bodies

  20. Endoscopic decompression combined with interspinous process implant fusion for lumbar spinal stenosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Gang; ZHAO Jian-ning; Akira Dezawa

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To propose a new technique to treat lumbar spinal stenosis with median approach endoscopic decompression combined with interspinous process implant fusion and evaluate the initial clinical outcome. Methods: This study involved 30 patients who had neurogenic commitment claudication over 2 years and were resistant to conservative therapy. All cases were treated using the median approach endoscopic decompression combined with interspinous process implant fusion in 21306. Clinical signs and radicular pain were noted and evaluated preoperatively and at the 1st month and 3rd month postoperatively. Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score was used to evaluate leg and back pain. X-ray films at flexion and extension were applied to evaluate the range of motion at involved segments. Results: There was a significant increase in JOA score postoperatively, but no significant difference preoperatively or postoperatively between the two groups.The range of motion at involved segments was significantly higher in the control group. Conclusions: The median approach endoscopic decom-pression is an ideal method for bilateral radicuiopathy result-ing from lumbar spinal canal stenosis. The combination with interspinous process implant fusion can stabilize the spine. The initial clinical outcome is exUent. Preservation of adjacent level disease can be assessed only in long-term follow-up.

  1. PROPHYLAXIS OF SURGICAL SITE INFECTION WITH VANCOMYCIN IN 513 PATIENTS THAT UNDERWENT TO LUMBAR FUSION

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    Nicolas Scheverin

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective:To assess the prophylactic effects of local vancomycin on an infection of the surgical site in patients undergoing lumbar instrumented fusion.Methods:Retrospective study from January 2011 to June 2014 in patients with symptomatic and refractory lumbar spine stenosis and listhesis who underwent instrumented pedicle screw spinal fusion. Two groups of patient were analyzed, one using vancomycin on the surgical site, vancomycin group (VG and the control group (CG without topical vancomycin. The routine prophylactic procedures were performed in both groups: aseptic scrub technique, skin preparation, preoperative intravenous antibiotic therapy. The VG received a dose of 1g of vancomycin mixed with the bone graft every three spinal levels fused and the group consisted of 232 patients.Results:513 patients were analyzed, 232 in the VG and 281 in the CG. There was no statistical difference between the groups when the sex, mean surgery length, and mean bleeding volume were considered. The rate of infection for VG was reduced from 4.98% to 1.29% when compared with CG.Conclusion:The use of vancomycin added to the bone graft in posterior spinal fusion is associated with significantly lower rates of infection.

  2. Revisions for screw malposition and clinical outcomes after robot-guided lumbar fusion for spondylolisthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schröder, Marc L; Staartjes, Victor E

    2017-05-01

    OBJECTIVE The accuracy of robot-guided pedicle screw placement has been proven to be high, but little is known about the impact of such guidance on clinical outcomes such as the rate of revision surgeries for screw malposition. In addition, there are very few data about the impact of robot-guided fusion on patient-reported outcomes (PROs). Thus, the clinical benefit for the patient is unclear. In this study, the authors analyzed revision rates for screw malposition and changes in PROs following minimally invasive robot-guided pedicle screw fixation. METHODS A retrospective cohort study of patients who had undergone minimally invasive posterior lumbar interbody fusion (MI-PLIF) or minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion was performed. Patients were followed up clinically at 6 weeks, 12 months, and 24 months after treatment and by mailed questionnaire in March 2016 as a final follow-up. Visual analog scale (VAS) scores for back and leg pain severity, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), screw revisions, and socio-demographic factors were analyzed. A literature review was performed, comparing the incidence of intraoperative screw revisions and revision surgery for screw malposition in robot-guided, navigated, and freehand fusion procedures. RESULTS Seventy-two patients fit the study inclusion criteria and had a mean follow up of 32 ± 17 months. No screws had to be revised intraoperatively, and no revision surgery for screw malposition was needed. In the literature review, the authors found a higher rate of intraoperative screw revisions in the navigated pool than in the robot-guided pool (p robot-guided procedures (p robotic guidance to reduce the rate of revision surgery for screw malposition as compared with other techniques of pedicle screw insertion described in peer-reviewed publications. Larger comparative studies are required to assess differences in PROs following a minimally invasive approach in spinal fusion surgeries compared with other

  3. Metabolic syndrome and lumbar spine fusion surgery: epidemiology and perioperative outcomes.

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    Memtsoudis, Stavros G; Kirksey, Meghan; Ma, Yan; Chiu, Ya Lin; Mazumdar, Madhu; Pumberger, Matthias; Girardi, Federico P

    2012-05-15

    Analysis of the National Inpatient Sample database from 2000 to 2008. To identify whether metabolic syndrome is an independent risk factor for increased major perioperative complications, cost, length of stay, and nonroutine discharge. Metabolic syndrome is a combination of medical disorders that has been shown to increase the health risk of the general population. No study has analyzed its impact in the perioperative spine surgery setting. We obtained the National Inpatient Sample from the Hospital Cost and Utilization Project for each year between 2000 and 2008. All patients undergoing primary posterior lumbar spine fusion were identified and separated into groups with and without metabolic syndrome. Patient demographics and health care system-related parameters were compared. The outcomes of major complications, nonroutine discharge, length of hospital stay, and hospitalization charges were assessed for both groups. Regression analysis was performed to identify whether the presence of metabolic syndrome was an independent risk factor for each outcome. An estimated 1,152,747 primary posterior lumbar spine fusions were performed between 2000 and 2008 in the United States. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome as well as the comorbidities of the patients increased significantly over time. Patients with metabolic syndrome had significantly longer length of stay, higher hospital charges, higher rates of nonroutine discharges, and increased rates of major life-threatening complications than patients without metabolic syndrome. Patients with metabolic syndrome undergoing primary posterior lumbar spinal fusion represent an increasing financial burden on the health care system. Clinicians should recognize that metabolic syndrome represents a risk factor for increased perioperative morbidity.

  4. Metabolic Syndrome and 30-Day Outcomes in Elective Lumbar Spinal Fusion.

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    Chung, Andrew S; Campbell, David; Waldrop, Robert; Crandall, Dennis

    2017-08-29

    Retrospective cohort study OBJECTIVE.: To evaluate the effect of MetS on 30-day morbidity and mortality following elective lumbar spinal fusion SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a variable combination of hypertension, obesity, elevated fasting plasma glucose, and dyslipidemia.MetS has been associated with an increased risk of post-operative morbidity and mortality in multiple surgical settings. To our knowledge, the effect of MetS on 30-day outcomes following elective lumbar spinal fusion has not been well studied. An analysis of ACS-NSQIP data was performed between 2006-2013. Patients undergoing elective posterior lumbar fusion were identified. Emergency procedures, infections, tumor cases, and revision surgeries were excluded. Patients were defined as having MetS if they had a history of hypertension requiring medication, diabetes, and a BMI ≥ 30. 1,590 (10.2%) patients with MetS were identified. A mild increase in major (p = 0.040) and minor complications (p = 0.003) in patients with MetS was noted. MetS was associated with increased rates of pulmonary complications (1.9% compared to 1.0%; p = 0.001), sepsis (1.7% compared to 0.9%; p = 0.005), and acute post-op renal failure (0.4% compared to 0%; p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis confirmed MetS to be an independent predictor of pulmonary complications (OR 1.51; 95% CI 1.00 - 2.27; p = 0.048), sepsis (OR 1.56; 95% CI 1.01 to 2.42; p = 0.039), and acute post-operative renal failure (OR 6.95; 95% CI 2.23 to 21.67; p = 0.001). MetS status was associated with a mild increase in total hospital length of stay (4.38 days compared to 3.81 days; p < 0.001). While MetS is a predictor of post-operative acute renal failure, it only slightly increases the risk of overall complications and is not associated with increased rates of 30-day re-operations or re-admissions following elective lumbar fusion. 3.

  5. The perioperative cost of Infuse bone graft in posterolateral lumbar spine fusion.

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    Glassman, Steven D; Carreon, Leah Y; Campbell, Mitchell J; Johnson, John R; Puno, Rolando M; Djurasovic, Mladen; Dimar, John R

    2008-01-01

    There is mounting evidence supporting the efficacy of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) for both anterior interbody and posterolateral lumbar fusion. However, the relative cost of BMP remains an important concern for physicians, hospitals, and payers. The purpose of this study is to report on the perioperative costs for patients treated with rhBMP-2 as compared with an iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) supplemented with graft extenders. A prospective randomized controlled trial of rhBMP-2/ACS (Infuse Bone Graft; Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, TN) versus ICBG+/-graft extender for lumbar spine fusion in patients over 60 years old. One hundred two patients over 60 years old who required a posterolateral lumbar spine fusion randomized between receiving rhBMP-2/ACS or ICBG. All health-care costs over the first 3 months after surgery. As part of a prospective randomized trial of rhBMP-2/ACS versus ICBG+/-graft extender for lumbar spine fusion, all costs over the first 3 months after surgery were directly recorded by a dedicated coder funded by Norton Healthcare, Louisville, KY. A dedicated research nurse also followed all patients throughout their hospital stay and posthospitalization recovery to identify any adverse events or additional outpatient medical care. Fifty patients received rhBMP-2/ACS and 52 underwent ICBG harvest. The mean hospital cost for the index admission was $24,736 for the rhBMP-2/ACS group and $21,138 for the ICBG group. Mean inpatient physician costs were $5,082 in the rhBMP-2/ACS group and $5,316 in the ICBG group. Costs associated with posthospital rehabilitation averaged $4,906 in the rhBMP-2/ACS group versus $6,820 in the ICBG group. Total payer expenditure for the 3-month perioperative period averaged $33,860 in the rhBMP-2/ACS group and $37,227 in the ICBG group. The hospital carries the cost burden associated with the utilization of rhBMP-2/ACS. In contrast, the payer in a Diagnosis-Related Group (DRG) model achieves a net savings, based

  6. Dynesys dynamic stabilization: less good outcome than lumbar fusion at 4-year follow-up.

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    Haddad, Behrooz; Makki, Daoud; Konan, Sujith; Park, Derek; Khan, Wasim; Okafor, Ben

    2013-02-01

    Dynamic semirigid stabilization of the lumbar spine was introduced in 1994 in an attempt to overcome the drawbacks of fusion. It is supposed to preserve motion at the treated levels, while avoiding hypermobility and thus spondylosis at the adjacent levels. Although the early reports showed promising results, the long term effects are still debated. We retrospectively compared outcomes of Dynesys dynamic stabilization with those of the traditional fusion technique. Thirty-two patients who had undergone Dynesys between 2004 and 2006 (group 1) were compared to 32 patients who had been treated with fusion between 2005 and 2006 (group 2). VAS for back and leg pain, and ODI improved significantly in both groups (p < 0.001). These scores were all better in the fusion group, and even significantly so as far as VAS for back pain was concerned (p = 0.014). Similarly, more patients were satisfied or very satisfied after fusion than after Dynesys: 87.5% versus 68.8% (p = 0.04). Interestingly, in the Dynesys group scatter plot graphs showed a positive correlation between older age and improvement in the two VAS scores and in ODI. Dynamic stabilization with Dynesys remains controversial. Older patients are relatively more satisfied about it, probably because of their low level of demands.

  7. Computerized tomography evaluation of a resorbable implant after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion.

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    Kuklo, Timothy R; Rosner, Michael K; Polly, David W

    2004-03-15

    Synthetic bioabsorbable implants have recently been introduced in spinal surgery; consequently, the indications, applications, and results are still evolving. The authors used absorbable interbody spacers (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, TN) packed with recombinant bone morphogenetic protein (Infuse; Medtronic Sofamor Danek) for single- and multiple-level transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) procedures over a period of 18 months. This is a consecutive case series in which postoperative computerized tomography (CT) scanning was used to assess fusion status. There were 22 patients (17 men, five women; 39 fusion levels) whose mean age was 41.6 years (range 23-70 years) and in whom the mean follow-up duration was 12.4 months (range 6-18 months). Bridging bone was noted as early as the 3-month postoperative CT scan when obtained; solid arthrodesis was routinely noted between 6 and 12 months in 38 (97.4%) of 39 fusion levels. In patients who underwent repeated CT scanning, the fusion mass appeared to increase with time, whereas the disc space height remained stable. Although the results are early (mean 12-month follow-up duration), there was only one noted asymptomatic delayed union/nonunion at L5-S1 in a two-level TLIF with associated screw breakage. There were no infections or complications related to the cages. The bioabsorbable cages appear to be a viable alternative to metal interbody spacers, and may be ideally suited to spinal interbody applications because of their progressive load-bearing properties.

  8. Evaluation of ABM/P-15 versus autogenous bone in an ovine lumbar interbody fusion model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherman, Blake P; Lindley, Emily M; Turner, A Simon; Seim, Howard B; Benedict, James; Burger, Evalina L; Patel, Vikas V

    2010-12-01

    A prospective, randomized study was performed in an ovine model to compare the efficacy of an anorganic bovine-derived hydroxyapatite matrix combined with a synthetic 15 amino acid residue (ABM/P-15) in facilitating lumbar interbody fusion when compared with autogenous bone harvested from the iliac crest. P-15 is a biomimetic to the cell-binding site of Type-I collagen for bone-forming cells. When combined with ABM, it creates the necessary scaffold to initiate cell invasion, binding, and subsequent osteogenesis. In this study, six adult ewes underwent anterior-lateral interbody fusion at L3/L4 and L4/L5 using PEEK interbody rings filled with autogenous bone at one level and ABM/P-15 at the other level and no additional instrumentation. Clinical CT scans were obtained at 3 and 6 months; micro-CT scans and histomorphometry analyses were performed after euthanization at 6 months. Clinical CT scan analysis showed that all autograft and ABM/P-15 treated levels had radiographically fused outside of the rings at the 3-month study time point. Although the clinical CT scans of the autograft treatment group showed significantly better fusion within the PEEK rings than ABM/P-15 at 3 months, micro-CT scans, clinical CT scans, and histomorphometric analyses showed there were no statistical differences between the two treatment groups at 6 months. Thus, ABM/P-15 was as successful as autogenous bone graft in producing lumbar spinal fusion in an ovine model, and it should be further evaluated in clinical studies.

  9. Subsidence of polyetheretherketone cage after minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Moon-Chan; Chung, Hung-Tae; Cho, Jae-Lim; Kim, Dong-Jun; Chung, Nam-Su

    2013-04-01

    A retrospective case series. The aim of this study was to determine the rate of cage subsidence after minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MITLIF) conducted using a polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cage, and to identify associated risk factors. Although various rates of cage subsidence after lumbar interbody fusion have been reported, few studies have addressed subsidence rate after MITLIF using PEEK cage. A total of 104 consecutive patients who had undergone MITLIF using a PEEK cage with a minimum follow-up of 2 years were included in this study. Cage subsidence was defined to have occurred when a cage was observed to sink into an adjacent vertebral body by ≥2 mm on the postoperative or serial follow-up lateral radiographs. The demographic variables considered to affect cage subsidence were the following: age, sex, body mass index, bone mineral density, diagnosis, number of fusion segment, and the quality/quantity of back muscle, and the cage-related variables considered were: level of fusion, intervertebral angle, cage size, cage position, and postoperative distraction of disc height. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to explore relations between these variables and cage subsidence. : For the 122 cages inserted, the rate of cage subsidence was 14.8% (18 cages), and cage subsidence occurred within 7.2±8.5 (1-25) months of surgery. The odds ratios for factors found to significantly increase the risk of cage subsidence were; 1.950 (95% confidence interval, 1.002-4.224) for L5-S1 level, and 1.018 (95% confidence interval, 1.000-1.066) for anterior cage position. The rate of PEEK cage subsidence after MITLIF was relatively low. End-plate manipulation and cage insertion during MITLIF were not influenced by a small operation window.

  10. Surgical Outcome of Reduction and Instrumented Fusion in Lumbar Degenerative Spondylolisthesis

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    Farzad Omidi-Kashani

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (LDS is a degenerative slippage of the lumbar vertebrae. We aimed to evaluate the surgical outcome of degenerative spondylolisthesis with neural decompression, pedicular screw fixation, reduction, and posterolateral fusion. Methods: This before-after study was carried out on 45 patients (37 female and 8 male with LDS operated from August 2008 to January 2011. The patients’ pain and disability were assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS and Oswestry disability index (ODI questionnaire. In surgery, we applied distraction force to facilitate slip reduction. All the intra- and postoperative complications were recorded. The paired t-test and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for statistical analysis. Results: The mean age of patients and mean follow-up period were 58.3±3.5 years and 31.2±4.8 months, respectively. The mean slip correction rate was 52.2% with a mean correction loss of 4.8%. Preoperative VAS and ODI improved from 8.8 and 71.6 to postoperative 2.1 and 28.7, respectively. Clinical improvement was more prominent in more reduced patients, but Pearson coefficient could not find a significant correlation. Conclusion: Although spinal decompression with fusion and posterior instrumentation in surgical treatment of the patients with LDS result in satisfactory outcome, vertebral reduction cannot significantly enhance the clinical improvement.

  11. Neurological complications using a novel retractor system for direct lateral minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion.

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    Sedra, Fady; Lee, Robert; Dominguez, Ignacio; Wilson, Lester

    2016-09-01

    We describe our experience using the RAVINE retractor (K2M, Leesburg, VA, USA) to gain access to the lateral aspect of the lumbar spine through a retroperitoneal approach. Postoperative neurological adverse events, utilising the mentioned retractor system, were recorded and analysed. We included 140 patients who underwent minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (MI-LLIF) for degenerative spinal conditions between 2011 and 2015 at two major spinal centres. A total of 228 levels were treated, 35% one level, 40% two level, 20% three level and 5% 4 level surgeries. The L4/5 level was instrumented in 28% of cases. 12/140 patients had postoperative neurological complications. Immediately after surgery, 5% of patients (7/140) had transient symptoms in the thigh ranging from sensory loss, pain and paraesthesia, all of which recovered within 12weeks following surgery. There were five cases of femoral nerve palsy (3.6% - two ipsilateral and three contralateral), all of which recovered completely with no residual sensory or motor deficit within 6months. MI-LLIF done with help of the described retractor system has proved a safe and efficient way to achieve interbody fusion with minimal complications, mainly nerve related, that recovered quickly. Judicious use of the technique to access the L4/5 level is advised.

  12. COMPLETE FUSION OF FIFTH LUMBAR VERTEBRA WITH SACRUM: AN OSTEOLOGICAL CASE REPORT

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    Shiksha

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Lumbosacral region of the body not only protects the spinal cord and related structures but also transmit the body weight to lower extremity and maintains the body posture. Sacralization of the 5 th lumbar vertebrae, is a congenital vertebral anomaly of the lumbosacral region and may be unilateral or bilateral. Although, sacralization is not a serious anomaly, perhaps no more than an anatomical variant, the fusion of the lumbrosacral joint may cause low back pain, disc herniation, cervical ribs, Bertollotti’ s syndrome and difficulty during labor. To highlight the complication of sacralization and its related impact on the body, we report a case of complete fusion of 5 th lumbar vertebra with sacrum ( sacralization . The relationship between incidence of sacrali zation with low back pain is debatable but still the present study may help anatomists, clinicians and surgeons to know the complications of sacralization and its impact on the body that in turn help in diagnostic and therapeutic management of illness arou nd lumbosacral region. Future studies need to focus on identifying other parameters that are relevant to distinguishing lumbosacral variations and associated disorders.

  13. Results of instrumented posterolateral fusion in treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis with and without segmental kyphosis: A retrospective investigation

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    Szu-Yuan Chen

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Treatment by posterolateral fusion (PLF with pedicle-screw instrumentation can be unsuccessful in one-segment and low-grade lumbar spondylolisthesis. Segmental kyphosis, either rigid or dynamic, was hypothesized to be one of the factors interfering with the fusion results. Methods: From 2004 to 2005, 239 patients with single-segment and low-grade spondylolisthesis were recruited and divided into two groups: Group 1 consisting of 129 patients without segmental kyphosis and group 2 consisting of 110 patients with segmental kyphosis. All patients underwent instrumented PLF at the same medical institute, and the average follow-up period was 31 ± 19 months. We obtained plain radiographs of the lumbosacral spine with the anteroposterior view, the lateral view, and the dynamic flexion-extension views before the operation and during the follow-ups. The results of PLF in the two groups were then compared. Results: There was no significant difference in the demographic data of the two groups, except for gender distribution. The osseous fusion rates were 90.7% in group 1 and 68.2% in group 2 (p < 0.001. Conclusion: Instrumented PLF resulted in significantly higher osseous fusion rate in patients without segmental kyphosis than in the patients with segmental kyphosis. For the patients with sagittal imbalance, such as rigid or dynamic kyphosis, pedicle-screw fixation cannot ensure successful PLF. Interbody fusion by the posterior lumbar interbody fusion or transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion technique might help overcome this problem.

  14. Risk Factors and Management of Incidental Durotomy in Lumbar Interbody Fusion Surgery.

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    Enders, Frederik; Ackemann, Amelie; Müller, Simon; Kiening, Karl; Orakcioglu, Berk

    2017-08-28

    This is a retrospective study analysis. In this retrospective study we evaluated risk factors for incidental durotomy and its impact on the postoperative course. Lumbar interbody fusion (LIF) is increasingly applied for the treatment of degenerative instability. A known complication is incidental durotomy. A cohort of 541 patients who underwent primary LIF surgery between 2005 and 2015 was analyzed. Previous lumbar surgery, age, surgeon's experience, intraoperative use of a microscope, and the number of operated levels were assessed and the risk for incidental durotomy was estimated using the Log-likelihood test and Wald test, respectively. The association of incidental durotomy and outcome parameters was analyzed using the quantile regression model. In 77 (14.2%) patients intraoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula was observed. Previous lumbar surgery (P<0.001), number of operated levels (P=0.03), and surgeon's experience (P=0.01) were significantly associated with incidental durotomy. Incidental durotomy was significantly associated with a prolonged bed rest (P<0.001), hospital stay (P=0.041), and an increased use of postoperative antibiotics (P<0.001). Eleven of 77 patients with incidental durotomy (14.3%) developed postoperative CSF fistula of whom 10 (91%) needed revision surgery for dural repair. We could identify important risk factors for incidental durotomy in LIF surgery. In patients who had undergone previous lumbar surgery and those with multilevel disease particular precaution is required. Furthermore, we were able to verify the morbidity associated with CSF fistula as shown by increased immobilization and follow-up surgeries for postoperative CSF fistula which emphasizes the importance to develop strategies to minimize the risk for incidental durotomy.

  15. Degenerative Change in the Adjacent Segments to the Fusion Site after Posterolateral Lumbar Fusion with Pedicle Screw Instrumentation : A Minimum 4-Year Follow-up

    OpenAIRE

    Hayashi, Tetsuo; Arizono, Takeshi; Fujimoto, Toshihiro; Morooka, Takaaki; Shida, Junichi; Tokito, Takeshi; Fukumoto, Shinichi; Masuda, Sachio

    2008-01-01

    Background. Controversy remains regarding the subsequent degeneration of adjacent segments, and little reliable information could be found in the literature regarding long-term clinical results and adjacent segment degeneration. The objective of this study is to investigate the degenerative change of adjacent segments to the fusion site and clinical outcome after posterolateral lumbar fusion with pedicle screw instrumentation and identify the risk factors in degenerative change at adjacent se...

  16. Comparing minimally invasive and open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for treatment of degenerative lumbar disease: a meta-analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Zhi-jian; LI Wen-jing; ZHAO Yu; QIU Gui-xing

    2013-01-01

    Background Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) through a minimally invasive approach (mTLIF) was introduced to reduce soft tissue injury and speed recovery.Studies with small numbers of patients have been carried out,comparing mTLIF with traditional open TLIF (oTLIF),but inconsistent outcomes were reported.Methods We conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of mTLIF and oTLIF in the treatment of degenerative lumbar disease.We searched PubMed,Embase and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews in March 2013 for studies directly comparing mTLIF and oTLIF.Patient characteristics,interventions,surgical-related messages,early recovery parameters,long-term clinical outcomes,and complications were extracted and relevant results were pooled.Results Twelve cohort studies with a total of 830 patients were identified.No significant difference regarding average operating time was observed when comparing mTLIF group with oTLIF group (-0.35 minute,95% confidence interval (C/):-20.82 to 20.13 minutes).Intraoperative blood loss (-232.91 ml,95% CI:-322.48 to-143.33 ml) and postoperative drainage (-111.24.ml,95% CI:-177.43 to-45.05 ml) were significantly lower in the mTLIF group.A shorter hospital stay by about two days was observed in patients who underwent mTLIF (-2.11 days,95% CI:-2.76 to-1.45 days).With regard to long-term clinical outcomes,no significant difference in visual analog scale score (-0.25,95% CI:-0.63 to 0.13) was observed; however,there was a slight improvement in Oswestry Disability Index (-1.42,95% CI:-2.79 to-0.04) during a minimum of 1-year follow-up between the two groups.The incidence of complications did not differ significantly between the procedures (RR=1.06,95% CI:0.7 to 1.59).Reoperation was more common in patients in mTLIF group than in oTLIF group (5% vs.2.9%),but this difference was not significant (RR=1.62,95% CI:0.75 to 3.51).Conclusion Current evidence suggests that,compared with traditional open surgery

  17. A meta-analysis of unilateral versus bilateral pedicle screw fixation in minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion.

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    Zheng Liu

    Full Text Available STUDY DESIGN: Meta-analysis. BACKGROUND: Bilateral pedicle screw fixation (PS after lumbar interbody fusion is a widely accepted method of managing various spinal diseases. Recently, unilateral PS fixation has been reported as effective as bilateral PS fixation. This meta-analysis aimed to comparatively assess the efficacy and safety of unilateral PS fixation and bilateral PS fixation in the minimally invasive (MIS lumbar interbody fusion for one-level degenerative lumbar spine disease. METHODS: MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, BIOSIS Previews, and Cochrane Library were searched through March 30, 2014. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs and controlled clinical trials (CCTs on unilateral versus bilateral PS fixation in MIS lumbar interbody fusion that met the inclusion criteria and the methodological quality standard were retrieved and reviewed. Data on participant characteristics, interventions, follow-up period, and outcomes were extracted from the included studies and analyzed by Review Manager 5.2. RESULTS: Six studies (5 RCTs and 1 CCT involving 298 patients were selected. There were no significant differences between unilateral and bilateral PS fixation procedures in fusion rate, complications, visual analogue score (VAS for leg pain, VAS for back pain, Oswestry disability index (ODI. Both fixation procedures had similar length of hospital stay (MD = 0.38, 95% CI = -0.83 to 1.58; P = 0.54. In contrast, bilateral PS fixation was associated with significantly more intra-operative blood loss (P = 0.002 and significantly longer operation time (P = 0.02 as compared with unilateral PS fixation. CONCLUSIONS: Unilateral PS fixation appears as effective and safe as bilateral PS fixation in MIS lumbar interbody fusion but requires less operative time and causes less blood loss, thus offering a simple alternative approach for one-level lumbar degenerative disease.

  18. Axial lumbar interbody fusion: a 6-year single-center experience

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    Zeilstra DJ

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Dick J Zeilstra,1 Larry E Miller,2,3 Jon E Block3 1Bergman Clinics, Naarden and NedSpine, Ede, The Netherlands; 2Miller Scientific Consulting, Inc, Arden, NC, USA; 3The Jon Block Group, San Francisco, CA, USA Introduction: The aim of this study is to report our 6-year single-center experience with L5–S1 axial lumbar interbody fusion (AxiaLIF. Methods: A total of 131 patients with symptomatic degenerative disc disease refractory to nonsurgical treatment were treated with AxiaLIF at L5–S1, and were followed for a minimum of 1 year (mean: 21 months. Main outcomes included back and leg pain severity, Oswestry Disability Index score, working status, analgesic medication use, patient satisfaction, and complications. Computed tomography was used to determine postoperative fusion status. Results: No intraoperative complications, including vascular, neural, urologic, or bowel injuries, were reported. Back and leg pain severity decreased by 51% and 42%, respectively, during the follow-up period (both P < 0.001. Back function scores improved 50% compared to baseline. Clinical success, defined as improvement ≥30%, was 67% for back pain severity, 65% for leg pain severity, and 71% for back function. The employment rate increased from 47% before surgery to 64% at final follow-up (P < 0.001. Less than one in four patients regularly used analgesic medications postsurgery. Patient satisfaction with the AxiaLIF procedure was 83%. The fusion rate was 87.8% at final follow-up. During follow-up, 17 (13.0% patients underwent 18 reoperations on the lumbar spine, including pedicle screw fixation (n = 10, total disc replacement of an uninvolved level (n = 3, facet screw fixation (n = 3, facet screw removal (n = 1, and interbody fusion at L4–L5 (n = 1. Eight (6.1% reoperations were at the index level. Conclusion: Single-level AxiaLIF is a safe and effective means to achieve lumbosacral fusion in patients with symptomatic degenerative disc disease. Keywords: Axia

  19. Does fusion status after posterior lumbar interbody fusion affect patient-based QOL outcomes? An evaluation performed using a patient-based outcome measure.

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    Makino, Takahiro; Kaito, Takashi; Fujiwara, Hiroyasu; Ishii, Takahiro; Iwasaki, Motoki; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Yonenobu, Kazuo

    2014-09-01

    Although delayed union or pseudoarthrosis after lumbar arthrodesis has been recognized as a major radiographic complication, little has been known about the effect of fusion status on the patient's quality-of-life (QOL) outcome. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of fusion status after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) on QOL outcomes by using the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ). Among 100 patients who underwent single level PLIF for spinal canal stenosis, 29 who had not achieved fusion (incomplete fusion group) and 29 age- and sex ratio-matched patients who had achieved fusion (fusion group) 6 months after surgery were enrolled. Overall clinical evaluation was performed before and 6 months after surgery: the physician determined the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Score for Low Back Pain (JOA score); the JOABPEQ and visual analogue scale (VAS) values were collected. The recovery rate of the JOA score, changes in all JOABPEQ subdomain scores and in the VAS values were calculated. All variables were compared between the groups. The preoperative JOA scores, JOABPEQ scores of all subdomains, and VAS values of all categories did not differ between the groups. The recovery rate was higher in the fusion group than the incomplete fusion group (p = 0.0185). The changes in the JOABPEQ scores for walking ability and social life function were significantly greater in the fusion group than the incomplete fusion group (walking ability, p = 0.0172; social life function, p = 0.0191). The postoperative VAS values and changes in the VAS values for all categories did not differ between the groups. Incomplete fusion after PLIF correlated with poor improvement in walking ability and social life function. Therefore, the achievement of fusion after PLIF is essential to obtain better patient QOL outcomes.

  20. Assessment of spontaneous correction of lumbar curve after fusion of the main thoracic in Lenke 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis☆

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    Mizusaki, Danilo; Gotfryd, Alberto Ofenhejm

    2016-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the clinical and radiographic response of the lumbar curve after fusion of the main thoracic, in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis of Lenke type 1. Methods Forty-two patients with Lenke 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis who underwent operations via the posterior route with pedicle screws were prospectively evaluated. Clinical measurements (size of the hump and translation of the trunk in the coronal plane, by means of a plumb line) and radiographic measurements (Cobb angle, distal level of arthrodesis, translation of the lumbar apical vertebral and Risser) were made. The evaluations were performed preoperatively, immediately postoperatively and two years after surgery. Results The mean Cobb angle of the main thoracic curve was found to have been corrected by 68.9% and the lumbar curve by 57.1%. Eighty percent of the patients presented improved coronal trunk balance two years after surgery. In four patients, worsening of the plumb line measurements was observed, but there was no need for surgical intervention. Less satisfactory results were observed in patients with lumbar modifier B. Conclusions In Lenke 1 patients, fusion of the thoracic curve alone provided spontaneous correction of the lumbar curve and led to trunk balance. Less satisfactory results were observed in curves with lumbar modifier B, and this may be related to overcorrection of the main thoracic curve. PMID:26962505

  1. Assessment of spontaneous correction of lumbar curve after fusion of the main thoracic vertebrae in Lenke 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

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    Danilo Mizusaki

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic response of the lumbar curve after fusion of the main thoracic vertebrae, in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis of Lenke type 1. METHODS: Forty-two patients with Lenke 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis who underwent operations via the posterior route with pedicle screws were prospectively evaluated. Clinical measurements (size of the hump and translation of the trunk in the coronal plane, by means of a plumb line and radiographic measurements (Cobb angle, distal level of arthrodesis, translation of the lumbar apical vertebral and Risser were made. The evaluations were performed preoperatively, immediately postoperatively and two years after surgery. RESULTS: The mean Cobb angle of the main thoracic curve was found to have been corrected by 68.9% and the lumbar curve by 57.1%. Eighty percent of the patients presented improved coronal trunk balance two years after surgery. In four patients, worsening of the plumb line measurements was observed, but there was no need for surgical intervention. Less satisfactory results were observed in patients with lumbar modifier B. CONCLUSIONS: In Lenke 1 patients, fusion of the thoracic curve alone provided spontaneous correction of the lumbar curve and compensation of the trunk. Less satisfactory results were observed in curves with lumbar modifier B, and this may be related to overcorrection of the main thoracic curve.

  2. Economic Effects of Anti-Depressant Usage on Elective Lumbar Fusion Surgery

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    Amirali Sayadipour

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: It has been suggested, although not proven, that presence of concomitant psychiatric disorders may increase the inpatient costs for patients undergoing elective surgery. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that elective lumbar fusion surgery is more costly in patients with under treatment for depression. Methods: This is a retrospective case-control study of 142 patients who underwent elective lumbar fusion. Of those 142 patients, 41 patients were chronically using an antidepressant medication that considered as a "study group", and 101 patients were not taking an antidepressant medication that considered as a "control group". Data was collected for this cohort regarding antidepressant usage patient demographics, length of stay (LOS, age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index scores and cost. Costs were compared between those with a concomitant antidepressant usage and those without antidepressant usage using multivariate analysis. Results: Patients using antidepressants and those with no history of antidepressant usage were similar in terms of gender, age and number of operative levels. The LOS demonstrated a non-significant trend towards longer stays in those using anti-depressants. Total charges, payments, variable costs and fixed costs were all higher in the antidepressant group but none of the differences reached statistical significance. Using Total Charges as the dependent variable, gender and having psychiatric comorbidities were retained independent variables. Use of an antidepressant was independently predictive of a 36% increase in Total Charges . Antidepressant usage as an independent variable also conferred a 22% increase in cost and predictive of a 19% increase in Fixed Cost . Male gender was predictive of a 30% increase in Total Charges . Conclusion: This study suggests use of antidepressant in patients who undergo elective spine fusion compared with control group is associated with increasing total cost and

  3. Biomechanical assessment of unilateral pedicle screws plus contralateral transfacetopedicular screws after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with two cages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Zhong-Lin; Chen, Zhong-Xian; Fu, Chao-Hua; Lei, Hong-Jun; Yuan, Xiang-Wei

    2013-11-01

    To assess the biomechanical stability of unilateral pedicle screws (UPS) plus contralateral transfacetopedicular screws (TFPS) after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) with two cages. Range of motion (ROM) testing was performed in 28 fresh-frozen human cadaveric lumbar spine motion segments. The sequential test configurations included supplemental constructs after TLIF such as UPS, UPS plus contralateral TFPS and bilateral pedicle screws (BPS). All test specimens were fixated in the normal lordotic lignment, then mounted in a three-dimensional (3-D) motion testing machine and fixed to the load frame of a six degrees of freedom spine simulator. Each of the test constructs were subjected to three load-unload cycles in each of the physiologic planes generating flexion-extension, right-left lateral bending and right-left axial rotation load-displacement curves. Statistical analysis was performed on the ROM data. Comparison of data was performed by repeated-measures analysis of variance for independent samples followed by Bonferroni analysis for multiple comparison procedures. The ROMs for UPS, BPS and UPS plus TFPS fixation after TLIF were significantly smaller than those of the intact spine in all modes. The ROM for UPS plus TFPS fixation was between the largest for UPS and the smallest for BPS. The differences between ROMs of UPS and UPS plus TFPS were significant for both lateral bending and rotation. There were no significant differences between BPS and UPS plus TFPS in any mode. Because the UPS construct provides the least stability, especially during lateral bending and rotation, it should be used prudently. After TLIF with two cages, UPS plus TFPS provides stability comparable to that of TLIF with BPS. It is thus an acceptable option in minimally invasive surgery. © 2013 Chinese Orthopaedic Association and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  4. Automatic lumbar vertebrae detection based on feature fusion deep learning for partial occluded C-arm X-ray images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yang; Liang, Wei; Zhang, Yinlong; An, Haibo; Tan, Jindong; Yang Li; Wei Liang; Yinlong Zhang; Haibo An; Jindong Tan; Li, Yang; Liang, Wei; Tan, Jindong; Zhang, Yinlong; An, Haibo

    2016-08-01

    Automatic and accurate lumbar vertebrae detection is an essential step of image-guided minimally invasive spine surgery (IG-MISS). However, traditional methods still require human intervention due to the similarity of vertebrae, abnormal pathological conditions and uncertain imaging angle. In this paper, we present a novel convolutional neural network (CNN) model to automatically detect lumbar vertebrae for C-arm X-ray images. Training data is augmented by DRR and automatic segmentation of ROI is able to reduce the computational complexity. Furthermore, a feature fusion deep learning (FFDL) model is introduced to combine two types of features of lumbar vertebrae X-ray images, which uses sobel kernel and Gabor kernel to obtain the contour and texture of lumbar vertebrae, respectively. Comprehensive qualitative and quantitative experiments demonstrate that our proposed model performs more accurate in abnormal cases with pathologies and surgical implants in multi-angle views.

  5. Preoperative anemia does not predict complications after single-level lumbar fusion: a propensity score-matched multicenter study.

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    Kim, Bobby D; Edelstein, Adam I; Patel, Alpesh A; Lovecchio, Francis; Kim, John Y S

    2014-11-01

    Multicenter retrospective cohort study. To estimate the impact of preoperative anemia on 30-day complications in patients undergoing single-level lumbar fusion. Anemia has been widely implicated as a risk factor in various surgical procedures including elective spine surgery. No large-scale study has been performed to examine this relationship in single-level lumbar fusion surgery. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was retrospectively reviewed to identify all patients who underwent single-level lumbar fusion procedures during 2006 to 2011. A propensity score-matching algorithm was used to match scores of anemic patients with that of nonanemic patients. Multivariate logistic regression analysis of unadjusted and propensity score-matched cohorts was performed to examine the effect of preoperative anemia on 30-day postoperative complication rates and length of hospital stay. A total of 2960 patients met inclusion criteria. The propensity score-matching procedure yielded scores of 491 pairs of well-matched nonanemic and anemic patients. The multivariate analysis of propensity score-matched population found preoperative anemia to carry no significant association with any of the complications analyzed, including overall complications, medical complications, surgical complications, reoperation, mortality, or length of total hospital stay. For patients undergoing single-level lumbar fusion, preoperative anemia is not independently associated with increased risk of 30-day complications or increased length of stay. Further studies are needed to independently validate this relationship in other spine surgical procedures. 3.

  6. Determining clinical practice of expert physiotherapy for patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion: a cross-sectional survey study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, E.R.; Scheijen, E.E.; Meeteren, N.L. van; Bie, R.A. de; Lenssen, A.F.; Willems, P.C.; Hoogeboom, T.J.

    2016-01-01

    PURPOSE: To determine the content of current Dutch expert hospital physiotherapy practice for patients undergoing lumbar spinal fusion (LSF), to gain insight into expert-based clinical practice. METHODS: At each hospital where LSF is performed, one expert physiotherapist received an e-mailed

  7. Combined transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with posterolateral instrumented fusion for degenerative disc disease can be a safe and effective treatment for lower back pain

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    Ara J Deukmedjian

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Lumbar fusion is a proven treatment for chronic lower back pain (LBP in the setting of symptomatic spondylolisthesis and degenerative scoliosis; however, fusion is controversial when the primary diagnosis is degenerative disc disease (DDD. Our objective was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of lumbar fusion in the treatment of LBP due to DDD. Materials and Methods: Two-hundred and five consecutive patients with single or multi-level DDD underwent lumbar decompression and instrumented fusion for the treatment of chronic LBP between the years of 2008 and 2011. The primary outcome measures in this study were back and leg pain visual analogue scale (VAS, patient reported % resolution of preoperative back pain and leg pain, reoperation rate, perioperative complications, blood loss and hospital length of stay (LOS. Results: The average resolution of preoperative back pain per patient was 84% (n = 205 while the average resolution of preoperative leg pain was 90% (n = 190 while a mean follow-up period of 528 days (1.5 years. Average VAS for combined back and leg pain significantly improved from a preoperative value of 9.0 to a postoperative value of 1.1 (P ≤ 0.0001, a change of 7.9 points for the cohort. The average number of lumbar disc levels fused per patient was 2.3 (range 1-4. Median postoperative LOS in the hospital was 1.2 days. Average blood loss was 108 ml perfused level. Complications occurred in 5% of patients (n = 11 and the rate of reoperation for symptomatic adjacent segment disease was 2% (n = 4. Complications included reoperation at index level for symptomatic pseudoarthrosis with hardware failure (n = 3; surgical site infection (n = 7; repair of cerebrospinal fluid leak (n = 1, and one patient death at home 3 days after discharge. Conclusion: Lumbar fusion for symptomatic DDD can be a safe and effective treatment for medically refractory LBP with or without leg pain.

  8. Pain Intensity and Patients’ Acceptance of Surgical Complication Risks With Lumbar Fusion

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    Bono, Christopher M.; Harris, Mitchel B.; Warholic, Natalie; Katz, Jeffrey N.; Carreras, Edward; White, Andrew; Schmitz, Miguel; Wood, Kirkham B.; Losina, Elena

    2014-01-01

    Study Design Cross-sectional study with prospective recruitment Objective To determine the relationship of pain intensity (back and leg) on patients’ acceptance of surgical complication risks when deciding whether or not to undergo lumbar spinal fusion. Background To formulate informed decisions regarding lumbar fusion surgery, preoperative discussions should include a review of the risk of complications balanced with the likelihood of symptom relief. Pain intensity has the potential to influence a patient’s decision to consent to lumbar fusion. We hypothesized that pain intensity is associated with a patient’s acceptance of surgical complication risks. Methods Patients being seen for the first time by a spine surgeon for treatment of a non-traumatic or non-neoplastic spinal disorder completed a structured questionnaire. It posed 24 scenarios, each presenting a combination of risks of 3 complications (nerve damage, wound infection, nonunion) and probabilities of symptom relief. For each scenario, the patient indicated whether he/she would/would not consent to a fusion for low back pain (LBP). The sum of the scenarios in which the patient responded that he or she would elect surgery was calculated to represent acceptance of surgical complication risks. A variety of other data were also recorded, including age, gender, education level, race, history of non-spinal surgery, duration of pain, and history of spinal injections. Data were analyzed using bivariate analyses and multivariate regression analyses. Results The mean number of scenarios accepted by 118 enrolled subjects was 10.2 (median 8, standard deviation 8.5, range 0 to 24, or 42.5% of scenarios). In general, subjects were more likely to accept scenarios with lower risks and higher efficacy. Spearman’s rank correlation estimates demonstrated a moderate association between the LBP intensity and acceptance of surgical complication risks (r=0.37, p=0.0001) while leg pain intensity had a weak but positive

  9. Pseudarthrosis after lumbar spinal fusion: the role of {sup 18}F-fluoride PET/CT

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    Peters, Marloes; Willems, Paul; Jutten, Liesbeth; Arts, Chris; Rhijn, Lodewijk van [Maastricht University Medical Center, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Postbox 5800, Maastricht (Netherlands); Weijers, Rene; Wierts, Roel; Urbach, Christian; Brans, Boudewijn [Maastricht University Medical Center, Radiology /Nuclear Medicine, Maastricht (Netherlands)

    2015-11-15

    Painful pseudarthrosis is one of the most important indications for (revision) surgery after spinal fusion procedures. If pseudarthrosis is the source of recurrent pain it may require revision surgery. It is therefore of great clinical importance to ascertain if it is the source of such pain. The correlation between findings on conventional imaging (plain radiography and CT) and clinical well-being has been shown to be moderate. The goal of this study was to determine the possible role of {sup 18}F-fluoride PET in patients after lumbar spinal interbody fusion by investigating the relationship between PET/CT findings and clinical function and pain. A cohort of 36 patients was retrospectively included in the study after {sup 18}F-fluoride PET/CT for either persistent or recurrent low back pain (18 patients) or during routine postoperative investigation (18 patients) between 9 and 76 months and 11 and 14 months after posterior lumbar interbody fusion, respectively. Sixty minutes after intravenous injection of 156 - 263 MBq (mean 199 MBq, median 196 MBq) {sup 18}F-fluoride, PET and CT images were acquired using an integrated PET/CT scanner, followed by a diagnostic CT scan. Two observers independently scored the images. The number of bony bridges between vertebrae was scored on the CT images to quantify interbody fusion (0, 1 or 2). Vertebral endplate and intervertebral disc space uptake were evaluated visually as well as semiquantitatively following {sup 18}F-fluoride PET. Findings on PET and CT were correlated with clinical wellbeing as measured by validated questionnaires concerning general daily functioning (Oswestry Disability Index), pain (visual analogue scale) and general health status (EuroQol). Patients were divided into three categories based on these questionnaire scores. No correlation was found between symptom severity and fusion status. However, {sup 18}F-fluoride activity in the vertebral endplates was significantly higher in patients in the lowest

  10. Application of tridimensional intravertebral bone graft combined with AxiaLIF technique in lumbar interbody fusion

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    Xiangdong Duan

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available "nLumbar interbody fusion techniques are becoming more and more minimally invasive. AxiaLIF technique can be used in low back pain caused by degenerative disc disease or minor spondylolisthesis, but there are risks for fusion failure. Intravertebral bone graft is performed in painful osteoporotic or posttraumatic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs. Until now, no attempt has been made to apply intravertebral bone graft with AxiaLIF technique."nSo first, we hypothesize a novel method for tridimensional intravertebral bone graft with a special designed bone grafting instrument and describe it vividly. The special instrument would mainly consist of a hollow tube and a rod, the distal parts of them would be shape into 45o slope, so the direction of grafting would be decided by the slope. By rotating the tube we can deliver cancellous bone granules in one plane, but by retreating the tube we can perform tridimensional intravertebral bone graft. Second, intravertebral bone graft is supposed to be performed combined with AxiaLIF technique in order to create biologic vertebral reconstruction and raise fusion rate. We believe this is the first description of such a method, future clinical studies are needed to validate these hypotheses.

  11. Mast Quadrant-assisted Minimally Invasive Modified Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Single Incision Versus Double Incision

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    Xin-Lei Xia; Hong-Li Wang; Fei-Zhou Lyu; Li-Xun Wang; Xiao-Sheng Ma; Jian-Yuan Jiang

    2015-01-01

    Background:The concept of minimally invasive techniques is to make every effort to reduce tissue damage.Certainly,reducing skin incision is an important part of these techniques.This study aimed to investigate the clinical feasibility of Mast Quadrant-assisted modified transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) with a small single posterior median incision.Methods:During the period of March 2011 to March 2012,34 patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar disease underwent the minimally invasive modified TLIF assisted by Mast Quadrant with a small single posterior median incision (single incision group).The cases in this group were compared to 37 patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar disease in the double incision group.The perioperative conditions of patients in these two groups were statistically analyzed and compared.The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores,Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores,and sacrospinalis muscle damage evaluation indicators before operation and 3,12 months postoperation were compared.Results:A total of 31 and 35 cases in the single incision and double incision groups,respectively,completed at least 12 months of systemic follow-up.The differences in perioperative conditions between the two groups were not statistically significant.The incision length of the single incision group was significantly shorter than that of the double incision group (P < 0.01).The ODI and VAS scores of patients in both groups improved significantly at 3 and 12 months postoperation.However,these two indicators at 3 and 12 months postoperation and the sacrospinalis muscle damage evaluation indicators at 3 months postoperation did not differ significantly between the two groups (P ≥ 0.05).Conclusions:Mast Quadrant-assisted modified TLIF with a small single posterior median incision has excellent clinical feasibility compared to minimally invasive TLIF with a double paramedian incision.

  12. Mast Quadrant-assisted Minimally Invasive Modified Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Single Incision Versus Double Incision

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    Xin-Lei Xia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The concept of minimally invasive techniques is to make every effort to reduce tissue damage. Certainly, reducing skin incision is an important part of these techniques. This study aimed to investigate the clinical feasibility of Mast Quadrant-assisted modified transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF with a small single posterior median incision. Methods: During the period of March 2011 to March 2012, 34 patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar disease underwent the minimally invasive modified TLIF assisted by Mast Quadrant with a small single posterior median incision (single incision group. The cases in this group were compared to 37 patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar disease in the double incision group. The perioperative conditions of patients in these two groups were statistically analyzed and compared. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI scores, Visual Analog Scale (VAS scores, and sacrospinalis muscle damage evaluation indicators before operation and 3, 12 months postoperation were compared. Results: A total of 31 and 35 cases in the single incision and double incision groups, respectively, completed at least 12 months of systemic follow-up. The differences in perioperative conditions between the two groups were not statistically significant. The incision length of the single incision group was significantly shorter than that of the double incision group (P < 0.01. The ODI and VAS scores of patients in both groups improved significantly at 3 and 12 months postoperation. However, these two indicators at 3 and 12 months postoperation and the sacrospinalis muscle damage evaluation indicators at 3 months postoperation did not differ significantly between the two groups (P ≥ 0.05. Conclusions: Mast Quadrant-assisted modified TLIF with a small single posterior median incision has excellent clinical feasibility compared to minimally invasive TLIF with a double paramedian incision.

  13. Early clinical results with cortically based pedicle screw trajectory for fusion of the degenerative lumbar spine.

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    Glennie, R Andrew; Dea, Nicolas; Kwon, Brian K; Street, John T

    2015-06-01

    This study reviews the outcomes and revision rates of degenerative lumbar fusion surgery using cortical trajectory pedicle screws in lieu of traditional pedicle screw instrumentation. Pedicle screw fixation can be a challenge in patients with low bone mineral density. Wide posterior approaches to the lumbar spine exposing lateral to the facet joints and onto transverse processes causes an additional degree of muscular damage and blood loss not present with a simple laminectomy. A cortical bone trajectory pedicle screw has been proposed as an alternative to prevent screw pullout and decrease the morbidity associated with the wide posterior approach to the spine. We present a series of eight consecutive patients using a cortical bone trajectory instead of traditional pedicle screw fixation for degenerative conditions of the lumbar spine. A retrospective review of our institutional registry data identified eight patients who had cortical screws placed with the assistance of O-arm Stealth navigation (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, TN, USA) from 2010-2013. We analyzed the need for revision, the maintenance of reduction and the incidence of screw pullout or breakage. Our review demonstrated that two of eight patients were revised at an average of 12months. The reasons for these revisions were pseudarthrosis and caudal adjacent segment failure. All patients who were revised had frank screw loosening. We present early clinical results of a new technique that has been shown to have a better fixation profile in laboratory testing. Our less than favorable early clinical results should be interpreted with caution and highlight important technical issues which should be considered. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Evaluation of a novel tool for bone graft delivery in minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion

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    Kleiner JB

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Jeffrey B Kleiner, Hannah M Kleiner, E John Grimberg Jr, Stefanie J Throlson The Spine Center of Innovation, The Medical Center of Aurora, Aurora, CO, USA Study design: Disk material removed (DMR during L4-5 and L5-S1 transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (T-LIF surgery was compared to the corresponding bone graft (BG volumes inserted at the time of fusion. A novel BG delivery tool (BGDT was used to apply the BG. In order to establish the percentage of DMR during T-LIF, it was compared to DMR during anterior diskectomy (AD. This study was performed prospectively. Summary of background data: Minimal information is available as to the volume of DMR during a T-LIF procedure, and the relationship between DMR and BG delivered is unknown. BG insertion has been empiric and technically challenging. Since the volume of BG applied to the prepared disk space likely impacts the probability of arthrodesis, an investigation is justified. Methods: A total of 65 patients with pathology at L4-5 and/or L5-S1 necessitating fusion were treated with a minimally invasive T-LIF procedure. DMR was volumetrically measured during disk space preparation. BG material consisting of local autograft, BG extender, and bone marrow aspirate were mixed to form a slurry. BG slurry was injected into the disk space using a novel BGDT and measured volumetrically. An additional 29 patients who were treated with L5-S1 AD were compared to L5-S1 T-LIF DMR to determine the percent of T-LIF DMR relative to AD. Results: DMR volumes averaged 3.6±2.2 mL. This represented 34% of the disk space relative to AD. The amount of BG delivered to the disk spaces was 9.3±3.2 mL, which is 2.6±2.2 times the amount of DMR. The BGDT allowed uncomplicated filling of the disk space in <1 minute. Conclusion: The volume of DMR during T-LIF allows for a predictable volume of BG delivery. The BGDT allowed complete filling of the entire prepared disk space. The T-LIF diskectomy debrides 34% of the disk

  15. The Asfora Bullet Cage System Shows Comparable Fusion Rate Success Versus Control Cage in Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion in a Randomized Clinical Trial.

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    Morgan, Jeremy P; Miller, Ashley L; Thompson, Paul A; Asfora, Wilson T

    2016-04-01

    Low back pain and degeneration of the intervertebral disc are an integrated malady that affects millions of Americans. Cage devices used in association with posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) have been shown to be an effective approach in the treatment of a number of lower spine disorders attributed to degenerative disc disease (DDD). This study was undertaken as part of a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) study and compares the effectiveness of the Asfora Bullet Cage System (ABCS) to successfully fuse vertebra at one or two levels between L2 and S1 in patients with DDD to an FDA approved comparison device, the Medtronic-Sofamor Danek Inter Fix Threaded Fusion Device (MSDIFD). A total of 257 randomized participants were implanted with either the ABCS device (n = 132) or the MSDIFD device (n = 125) through an open posterior approach using autogenous local bone graft without the use of pedicle screws. Patients were evaluated prior to surgery and at the 24 month (24-M) visit for fusion status, deep tendon reflex status, sensory function, motor function, straight leg raise status, pain, disability, and device safety. Radiological evaluation and statistical analysis were performed by independent professionals. Evaluation of device success was performed at 24-M visit. From the original group of 257 patients, 59 were lost to follow-up. Primary measures of success at the 24-M visit involved pain and function, fusion, neurological status, and device-related adverse events measures. Pain and function improved in both (MSDIFD: 75.7 percent; ABCS: 82.6 percent). Fusion success with all radiographic points at 24-M visits was 79.4 percent MSDIFD and 88.2 percent ABCS. Neurological improvement was seen in both (MSDIFD: 77.0 percent; ABCS: 87.8 percent). One device-related grade 1 adverse event was reported in the MSDIFD group. Disc height preservation was equivalent for single level fusions (MSDIFD: 16.1 percent; ABCS: 20

  16. How does back muscle strength change after posterior lumbar interbody fusion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chong-Suh; Kang, Kyung-Chung; Chung, Sung-Soo; Park, Won-Hah; Shin, Won-Ju; Seo, Yong-Gon

    2017-02-01

    OBJECTIVE There is a lack of evidence of how back muscle strength changes after lumbar fusion surgery and how exercise influences these changes. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in back muscle strength after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and to measure the effects of a postoperative exercise program on muscle strength and physical and mental health outcomes. METHODS This prospective study enrolled 59 women (mean age 58 years) who underwent PLIF at 1 or 2 spinal levels. To assess the effects of a supervised lumbar stabilization exercise (LSE), the authors allocated the patients to an LSE (n = 26) or a control (n = 33) group. The patients in the LSE group performed the LSEs between 3 and 6 months postoperatively. Back extensor strength, visual analog scale (VAS) scores in back pain, and physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores on the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey were determined for the both groups. RESULTS Mean strength of the back muscles tended to slightly decrease by 7.5% from preoperatively to 3 months after PLIF (p = 0.145), but it significantly increased thereafter and was sustained until the last follow-up (38.1%, p muscle strength was similar in the LSE and control groups preoperatively, but it increased significantly more in the LSE group (64.2%) than in the control group (21.7%) at the last follow-up 12 months after PLIF (p = 0.012). At the last follow-up, decreases in back pain VAS scores were more significant among LSE group patients, who had a pain reduction on average of 58.2%, than among control group patients (reduction of 26.1%) (p = 0.013). The patients in the LSE group also had greater improvement in both PCS (39.9% improvement) and MCS (20.7% improvement) scores than the patients in the control group (improvement of 18.0% and 1.1%, p = 0.042 and p = 0.035, respectively). CONCLUSIONS After PLIF, strength in back muscles decreased until 3 months postoperatively but significantly increased

  17. The Effect of the Retroperitoneal Transpsoas Minimally Invasive Lateral Interbody Fusion on Segmental and Regional Lumbar Lordosis

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    Tien V. Le

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The minimally invasive lateral interbody fusion (MIS LIF in the lumbar spine can correct coronal Cobb angles, but the effect on sagittal plane correction is unclear. Methods. A retrospective review of thirty-five patients with lumbar degenerative disease who underwent MIS LIF without supplemental posterior instrumentation was undertaken to study the radiographic effect on the restoration of segmental and regional lumbar lordosis using the Cobb angles on pre- and postoperative radiographs. Mean disc height changes were also measured. Results. The mean follow-up period was 13.3 months. Fifty total levels were fused with a mean of 1.42 levels fused per patient. Mean segmental Cobb angle increased from 11.10° to 13.61° (<0.001 or 22.6%. L2-3 had the greatest proportional increase in segmental lordosis. Mean regional Cobb angle increased from 52.47° to 53.45° (=0.392. Mean disc height increased from 6.50 mm to 10.04 mm (<0.001 or 54.5%. Conclusions. The MIS LIF improves segmental lordosis and disc height in the lumbar spine but not regional lumbar lordosis. Anterior longitudinal ligament sectioning and/or the addition of a more lordotic implant may be necessary in cases where significant increases in regional lumbar lordosis are desired.

  18. The effect of the retroperitoneal transpsoas minimally invasive lateral interbody fusion on segmental and regional lumbar lordosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Tien V; Vivas, Andrew C; Dakwar, Elias; Baaj, Ali A; Uribe, Juan S

    2012-01-01

    The minimally invasive lateral interbody fusion (MIS LIF) in the lumbar spine can correct coronal Cobb angles, but the effect on sagittal plane correction is unclear. A retrospective review of thirty-five patients with lumbar degenerative disease who underwent MIS LIF without supplemental posterior instrumentation was undertaken to study the radiographic effect on the restoration of segmental and regional lumbar lordosis using the Cobb angles on pre- and postoperative radiographs. Mean disc height changes were also measured. The mean follow-up period was 13.3 months. Fifty total levels were fused with a mean of 1.42 levels fused per patient. Mean segmental Cobb angle increased from 11.10° to 13.61° (P lordosis. Mean regional Cobb angle increased from 52.47° to 53.45° (P = 0.392). Mean disc height increased from 6.50 mm to 10.04 mm (P lordosis and disc height in the lumbar spine but not regional lumbar lordosis. Anterior longitudinal ligament sectioning and/or the addition of a more lordotic implant may be necessary in cases where significant increases in regional lumbar lordosis are desired.

  19. Comparison of Spatiotemporal Fusion Models: A Review

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    Bin Chen

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Simultaneously capturing spatial and temporal dynamics is always a challenge for the remote sensing community. Spatiotemporal fusion has gained wide interest in various applications for its superiority in integrating both fine spatial resolution and frequent temporal coverage. Though many advances have been made in spatiotemporal fusion model development and applications in the past decade, a unified comparison among existing fusion models is still limited. In this research, we classify the models into three categories: transformation-based, reconstruction-based, and learning-based models. The objective of this study is to (i compare four fusion models (STARFM, ESTARFM, ISTAFM, and SPSTFM under a one Landsat-MODIS (L-M pair prediction mode and two L-M pair prediction mode using time-series datasets from the Coleambally irrigation area and Poyang Lake wetland; (ii quantitatively assess prediction accuracy considering spatiotemporal comparability, landscape heterogeneity, and model parameter selection; and (iii discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the three categories of spatiotemporal fusion models.

  20. Complications associated with posterior lumbar interbody fusion using Bagby and Kuslich method for treatment of spondylolisthesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亮; 唐天驷; 杨惠林

    2003-01-01

    Objective To analyze complications associated with posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in which two Bagby and Kuslich (BAK) interbody fusion cages were implanted.Methods A total of 118 patients with spondylolytic spondylolisthesis underwent single-level PLIF using two BAK cages filled with morselized autogenous bone. The major clinical and radiographic complications were analyzed after a follow-up with an average time of 2 years and 9 months.Results Complications were divided into intraoperative and postoperative complications. Intraoperative complications mainly included dural tear (4 patients, 3.4%), nerve root injury (3 patients, 2.5%) and suboptimal cage position (9 patients, 7.5%). No death was caused by the operation. Postoperative complications chiefly consisted of cage retropulsion (3 patients, 2.5%), cage subsidence (4 patients, 3.4%), and postlaminectomy arachnoiditis (2 patients, 1.7%). Pseudarthrosis was noted radiographically with evidence of motion between adjacent vertebra on lateral flexion-extension films and luciencies around the cages (2 patient, 1.7%), continuous posterior cage migration (2 patients, 1.7%) or continuous cage subsidence (2 patients, 1.7%). Two patients died, one from a traffic accident and the other from metastatic cancer 1 year postoperatively.Conclusions The results of this study indicate that PLIF with BAK cages is an effective but also technically difficult procedure. The relatively high incidence of complications reminds us of the importance of surgical indications and proper manipulations.

  1. Enhancement of Lumbar Fusion and Alleviation of Adjacent Segment Disc Degeneration by Intermittent PTH(1-34) in Ovariectomized Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Zhuang; Tian, Fa-Ming; Gou, Yu; Wang, Peng; Zhang, Heng; Song, Hui-Ping; Shen, Yong; Zhang, Ying-Ze; Zhang, Liu

    2016-04-01

    Osteoporosis, which is prevalent in postmenopausal or aged populations, is thought to be a contributing factor to adjacent segment disc degeneration (ASDD), and the incidence and extent of ASDD may be augmented by osteopenia. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) (1-34) has already been shown to be beneficial in osteoporosis, lumbar fusion and matrix homeostasis of intervertebral discs. However, whether PTH(1-34) has a reversing or retarding effect on ASDD in osteopenia has not been confirmed. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of intermittent PTH(1-34) on ASDD in an ovariectomized (OVX) rat model. One hundred 3-month-old female Sprague-Dawley rats underwent L4 -L5 posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF) with spinous-process wire fixation 4 weeks after OVX surgery. Control groups were established accordingly. PTH(1-34) was intermittently administered immediately after PLF surgery and lasted for 8 weeks using the following groups (n = 20) (V = vehicle): Sham+V, OVX+V, Sham+PLF+V, OVX+PLF+V, OVX+PLF+PTH. The fused segments showed clear evidence of eliminated motion on the fusion-segment based on manual palpation. Greater new bone formation in histology was observed in PTH-treated animals compared to the control group. The extent of ASDD was significantly increased by ovariotomy. Intermittent PTH(1-34) significantly alleviated ASDD by preserving disc height, microvessel density, relative area of vascular buds, endplate thickness and the relative area of endplate calcification. Moreover, protein expression results showed that PTH(1-34) not only inhibited matrix degradation by decreasing MMP-13, ADAMTS-4 and Col-I, but also promote matrix synthesis by increasing Col-II and Aggrecan. In conclusion, PTH(1-34), which effectively improves lumbar fusion and alleviates ASDD in ovariectomized rats, may be a potential candidate to ameliorate the prognosis of lumbar fusion in osteopenia.

  2. Clinical efficacy of bone cement injectable pedicle screw system combined with intervertebral fusion in treatment of lumbar spondylolysis and osteoporosis

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    Peng-yi DAI

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To observe the therapeutic effect of bone cement injectable pedicle screw system combined with intervertebral fusion for lumbar spondylolysis and osteoporosis. Methods  The clinical data were analyzed retrospectively of 21 patients with lumbar spondylolysis and osteoporosis who received treatment of bone cement injectable pedicle screw system and intervertebral fusion from Aug. 2013 to Nov. 2015. The 21 patients (9 males and 12 females aged from 60 to 80 years (mean 64 years old; 6 of them presented degenerative spondylolysis, 15 with isthmic spondylolisthesis; 2 cases had I degree slippage, 13 had Ⅱdegree slippage, 6 had Ⅲdegree slippage, and all the cases were unisegmental slippage including 9 cases in L4 and 12 cases in L5. Bone mineral density of lumbar vertebrae (L2-L5 was measured with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and T values conforming to the diagnostic criteria of osteoporosis were less than or equal to -2.5; All patients were operated with whole lamina resection for decompression, bone cement injectable pedicle screws system implantation, propped open reduction and fixation intervertebral fusion. The clinical outcomes were determined by the radiographic evaluation including intervertebral height, height of intervertebral foramen, slip distance, slip rate and slip angle, and Oswestry disability index (ODI on preoperative, 3 months after operation and the end of the time, and the interbody fusion were followed up. Results  Cerebrospinal fluid leakage of incision was observed in two cases after operation, compression and dressing to incision, Trendelenburg position, dehydration and other treatments were taken, and the stitches of incisions were taken out on schedule. Slips in the 21 patients were reset to different extent, and lumbar physiological curvatures were recovered. The intervertebral height and height of intervertebral foramen were obviously higher 3 months after operation than that before operation (P0

  3. The 'Lumbar Fusion Outcome Score' (LUFOS): a new practical and surgically oriented grading system for preoperative prediction of surgical outcomes after lumbar spinal fusion in patients with degenerative disc disease and refractory chronic axial low back pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mattei, Tobias A; Rehman, Azeem A; Teles, Alisson R; Aldag, Jean C; Dinh, Dzung H; McCall, Todd D

    2017-01-01

    In order to evaluate the predictive effect of non-invasive preoperative imaging methods on surgical outcomes of lumbar fusion for patients with degenerative disc disease (DDD) and refractory chronic axial low back pain (LBP), the authors conducted a retrospective review of 45 patients with DDD and refractory LBP submitted to anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) at a single center from 2007 to 2010. Surgical outcomes - as measured by Visual Analog Scale (VAS/back pain) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) - were evaluated pre-operatively and at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year post-operatively. Linear mixed-effects models were generated in order to identify possible preoperative imaging characteristics (including bone scan/99mTc scintigraphy increased endplate uptake, Modic endplate changes, and disc degeneration graded according to Pfirrmann classification) which may be predictive of long-term surgical outcomes . After controlling for confounders, a combined score, the Lumbar Fusion Outcome Score (LUFOS), was developed. The LUFOS grading system was able to stratify patients in two general groups (Non-surgical: LUFOS 0 and 1; Surgical: LUFOS 2 and 3) that presented significantly different surgical outcomes in terms of estimated marginal means of VAS/back pain (p = 0.001) and ODI (p = 0.006) beginning at 3 months and continuing up to 1 year of follow-up. In conclusion,  LUFOS has been devised as a new practical and surgically oriented grading system based on simple key parameters from non-invasive preoperative imaging exams (magnetic resonance imaging/MRI and bone scan/99mTc scintigraphy) which has been shown to be highly predictive of surgical outcomes of patients undergoing lumbar fusion for treatment for refractory chronic axial LBP.

  4. Minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion via MAST Quadrant retractor versus open surgery: a prospective randomized clinical trial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hong-li; L(U) Fei-zhou; JIANG Jian-yuan; MA Xin; XIA Xin-lei; WANG Li-xun

    2011-01-01

    Background In recent years,a variety of minimally invasive lumbar surgery techniques have achieved desirable efficacy,but some dispute remains regarding the advantages over open surgery.This study aimed to compare minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion via MAST Quadrant retractor with open surgery in terms of perioperative factors,postoperative back muscle function,and 24-month postoperative follow-up results.Methods From September 2006 to June 2008,patients with single-level degenerative lumbar spine disease who were not responsive to conservative treatment were enrolled in this study.Patients were randomized to undergo either minimally invasive surgery (MIS,transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion via MAST Quadrant retractor,41 cases) or open surgery (improved transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion,38 cases).Results The MIS group had longer intraoperative fluoroscopy time than the open surgery group,and the open surgery group had significantly increased postoperative drainage volume and significantly prolonged postoperative recovery time compared with the MIS group (P <0.05 for all).MRI scanning showed that the T2 relaxation time in the multifidus muscle was significantly shorter in the MIS group than in the open surgery group at 3 months after surgery (P <0.01).Surface electromyography of the sacrospinalis muscle showed that the average discharge amplitude and frequency were significantly higher in the MIS group than in the open surgery group (P <0.01).The Oswestry disability index and visual analog scale scores were better at 3,6,12 and 24 months postoperatively than preoperatively in both groups.Both groups of patients met the imaging convergence criteria at the last follow-up.Conclusions MIS can effectively reduce sacrospinalis muscle injury compared with open surgery,which is conducive to early functional recovery.In the short term,MIS is superior to open surgery,but in the long term there is no significant difference between the two procedures.

  5. Extent of preoperative depression is associated with return to work after lumbar fusion for spondylolisthesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Scott L; Godil, Saniya S; Zuckerman, Scott L; Mendenhall, Stephen K; Devin, Clinton J; McGirt, Matthew J

    2015-04-01

    The ability to understand factors associated with an increased duration of missed work postoperatively could be used to more effectively select patients with the greatest opportunity for a successful outcome. We set out to determine the effect of preoperative depression on postoperative return to work in patients undergoing transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) for degenerative spondylolisthesis. Fifty-eight patients undergoing TLIF for symptomatic grade I degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis were included in this analysis. Patient demographics, clinical presentation, indications for surgery, radiologic studies, and operative variables were assessed for each case. Patient-assessed outcome measures were obtained prospectively at baseline and 2 years postoperatively. To understand the factors associated with prolonged return to work, univariate linear regression analysis and stepwise multivariate Cox proportional hazards model was used. All patient-reported outcomes assessed were significantly improved 2 years after TLIF (P working preoperatively, 26 (81%) returned to work postoperatively. Median time to return to work was 56 days (range, 10-150 days). Independent of patient age; preoperative pain, disability, and quality of life; and extent of postoperative improvement, increased preoperative Zung depression score remained associated with prolonged return to work (P = 0.02). Independent of postoperative improvement in pain, disability, and quality of life, the extent of preoperative depression was an independent predictor of time to return to work in patients undergoing TLIF for spondylolisthesis, suggesting that regardless of how successful TLIF surgery may be at improving a patient's pain, disability, or quality of life, greater depression will delay or prohibit their ability to return to work postoperatively. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Reduction in adjacent-segment degeneration after multilevel posterior lumbar interbody fusion with proximal DIAM implantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Kang; Liliang, Po-Chou; Wang, Hao-Kuang; Liang, Cheng-Loong; Chen, Jui-Sheng; Chen, Tai-Been; Wang, Kuo-Wei; Chen, Han-Jung

    2015-08-01

    OBJECT Multilevel long-segment lumbar fusion poses a high risk for future development of adjacent-segment degeneration (ASD). Creating a dynamic transition zone with an interspinous process device (IPD) proximal to the fusion has recently been applied as a method to reduce the occurrence of ASD. The authors report their experience with the Device for Intervertebral Assisted Motion (DIAM) implanted proximal to multilevel posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in reducing the development of proximal ASD. METHODS This retrospective study reviewed 91 cases involving patients who underwent 2-level (L4-S1), 3-level (L3-S1), or 4-level (L2-S1) PLIF. In Group A (42 cases), the patients received PLIF only, while in Group B (49 cases), an interspinous process device, a DIAM implant, was put at the adjacent level proximal to the PLIF construct. Bone resection at the uppermost segment of the PLIF was equally limited in the 2 groups, with preservation of the upper portion of the spinous process/lamina and the attached supraspinous ligament. Outcome measures included a visual analog scale (VAS) for low-back pain and leg pain and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) for functional impairment. Anteroposterior and lateral flexion/extension radiographs were used to evaluate the fusion status, presence and patterns of ASD, and mobility of the DIAM-implanted segment. RESULTS Solid interbody fusion without implant failure was observed in all cases. Radiographic ASD occurred in 20 (48%) of Group A cases and 3 (6%) of Group B cases (p Group A and 3 in Group B were symptomatic; of these patients, 3 in Group A and 1 in Group B underwent a second surgery for severe symptomatic ASD. At 24 months after surgery, Group A patients fared worse than Group B, showing higher mean VAS and ODI scores due to symptoms related to ASD. At the final follow-up evaluations, as reoperations had been performed to treat symptomatic ASD in some patients, significant differences no longer existed between the 2

  7. TranS1 VEO system: a novel psoas-sparing device for transpsoas lumbar interbody fusion

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    Hardenbrook MA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Mitchell A Hardenbrook,1,2 Larry E Miller,3,4 Jon E Block4 1Advanced Spine Institute of Greater Boston, North Billerica, MA, 2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, 3Miller Scientific Consulting Inc, Arden, NC, 4The Jon Block Group, San Francisco, CA, USA Abstract: Minimally invasive approaches for lumbar interbody fusion have been popularized in recent years. The retroperitoneal transpsoas approach to the lumbar spine is a technique that allows direct lateral access to the intervertebral disc space while mitigating the complications associated with traditional anterior or posterior approaches. However, a common complication of this procedure is iatrogenic injury to the psoas muscle and surrounding nerves, resulting in postsurgical motor and sensory deficits. The TranS1 VEO system (TranS1 Inc, Raleigh, NC, USA utilizes a novel, minimally invasive transpsoas approach to the lumbar spine that allows direct visualization of the psoas and proximal nerves, potentially minimizing iatrogenic injury risk and resulting clinical morbidity. This paper describes the clinical uses, procedural details, and indications for use of the TranS1 VEO system. Keywords: fusion, lateral, lumbar, minimally invasive, transpsoas, VEO

  8. Allogeneic mesenchymal precursor cells (MPCs) combined with an osteoconductive scaffold to promote lumbar interbody spine fusion in an ovine model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheeler, Donna L; Fredericks, Douglas C; Dryer, Randall F; Bae, Hyun W

    2016-03-01

    Advances in immunomagnetic cell sorting have enabled isolation and purification of pleuripotent stem cells from marrow aspirates and have expanded stem cell therapies to include allogeneic sources. This study aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of allogeneic mesenchymal precursor cells (MPCs) combined with an osteoconductive scaffold in lumbar interbody spinal fusion using an ovine model. Thirty-two skeletally mature ewes underwent a single-level interbody fusion procedure using a Polyetheretherketone fusion cage supplemented with either iliac crest autograft (AG) or an osteconductive scaffold (Mastergraft Matrix, Medtronic, Memphis, TN, USA) with 2.5×10(6) MPCs, 6.25×10(6) MPCs, or 12.5×10(6) MPCs. Plain radiographs and computed tomography scans were scored for bridging bone at multiple points during healing and at necropsy. The biomechanical competency of fusion was scored by manual palpation and quantified using functional radiographs at necropsy. Postnecropsy histopathology and histomorphometric analysis assessed the local response to MPC treatment and quantified the volume and connectivity of newly formed bridging bone. Safety was assessed by serum biochemistry, hematology, and organ histopathology. Mesenchymal precursor cell treatment caused no adverse systemic or local tissue responses. All analyses indicated MPCs combined with an osteoconductive scaffold achieved similar or better fusion success as AG treatment after 16 weeks, and increasing the MPC dose did not enhance fusion. Manual palpation of the fusion site indicated more than 75% of MPC-treated and 65% of AG-treated animals achieved rigid fusion, which was corroborated with functional radiography. Computed tomography fusion scores indicated all animals in the MPC- and AG-treatment groups were fused at 16 weeks, yet X-ray scores indicated only 67% of the AG-treated animals were fused. Histomorphometry analyses showed equivalent outcomes for fusion connectivity and bony fusion area for

  9. Perioperative Surgical Complications and Learning Curve Associated with Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: A Single-Institute Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Park, Yung; Lee, Soo Bin; Seok, Sang Ok; Jo, Byung Woo; Ha, Joong Won

    2015-01-01

    Background As surgical complications tend to occur more frequently in the beginning stages of a surgeon's career, knowledge of perioperative complications is important to perform a safe procedure, especially if the surgeon is a novice. We sought to identify and describe perioperative complications and their management in connection with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). Methods We performed a retrospective chart review of our first 124 patients who underwent mi...

  10. Protective effect of calcitonin on lumbar fusion-induced adjacent-segment disc degeneration in ovariectomized rat

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Chang-Cheng; Tian, Fa-Ming; Zhou, Zhuang; Wang, Peng; Gou, Yu; Zhang, Heng; Wang, Wen-Ya; Shen, Yong; Zhang, Ying-Ze; Zhang, Liu

    2015-01-01

    Background Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration and pathological changes in the spinal cord are major causes of back pain. In addition to its well-established anti-resorptive effect on bone, calcitonin (CT) potentially exerts protective effects on IVD degeneration in ovariectomized rats. However, possible therapeutic effects of CT on lumbar fusion-induced adjacent-segment disc degeneration (ASDD) have not been investigated yet. In this study, we examined the effects of CT on IVD degeneratio...

  11. A randomized double-blind prospective study of the efficacy of pulsed electromagnetic fields for interbody lumbar fusions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mooney, V. (Univ. of California, Irvine (USA))

    1990-07-01

    A randomized double-blind prospective study of pulsed electromagnetic fields for lumbar interbody fusions was performed on 195 subjects. There were 98 subjects in the active group and 97 subjects in the placebo group. A brace containing equipment to induce an electromagnetic field was applied to patients undergoing interbody fusion in the active group, and a sham brace was used in the control group. In the active group there was a 92% success rate, while the control group had a 65% success rate (P greater than 0.005). The effectiveness of bone graft stimulation with the device is thus established.

  12. TLIF: transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion TLIF: artrodese intersomática lombar transforaminal

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    Nicandro Figueiredo

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF is a relatively new technique of lumbar arthrodesis via posterior transforaminal approach to the disc, indicated mainly in cases of degenerative disc disease, low grade spondylolisthesis and reoperation for disc herniation, specially when there is indication for interbody fusion and posterior decompression. The main advantage of TLIF is that it allows the complete removal of the intervertebral disc through the vertebral foramen, decompression of the spinal canal and vertebral foramen with minimum risk of neural lesion, due to the access being lateral to the nerve roots. In this study, we describe the first 24 cases of TLIF that we have done, wich shows to be very safe and efficient in our serie, with an relief of pain in 83.3% of patients, great improvements in the life quality in 75% of cases and satisfaction with the surgery in 79.1% of patients.Artrodese lombar intersomática transforaminal (TLIF é uma técnica relativamente nova de artrodese lombar intersomática via transforaminal posterior, indicada principalmente nos casos de doença discal degenerativa, espondilolistese (grau I e II e reoperação para hérnia discal, especialmente quando existe indicação para fusão intersomática e descompressão posterior. A maior vantagem do TLIF é que ele permite remoção completa do disco através do forame, descompressão do canal e neuroforame, com mínimo risco de lesão neural, uma vez que o acesso é lateral aos nervos. Em nosso estudo, descrevemos os primeiros 24 casos de TLIF que realizamos, que se mostrou como cirurgia segura e eficiente em nossa série, com alívio da dor em 83,3% dos pacientes, melhora na qualidade de vida em 75% dos casos e satisfação com a cirurgia em 79,1% dos pacientes.

  13. Porous biodegradable lumbar interbody fusion cage design and fabrication using integrated global-local topology optimization with laser sintering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Heesuk; Hollister, Scott J; La Marca, Frank; Park, Paul; Lin, Chia-Ying

    2013-10-01

    Biodegradable cages have received increasing attention for their use in spinal procedures involving interbody fusion to resolve complications associated with the use of nondegradable cages, such as stress shielding and long-term foreign body reaction. However, the relatively weak initial material strength compared to permanent materials and subsequent reduction due to degradation may be problematic. To design a porous biodegradable interbody fusion cage for a preclinical large animal study that can withstand physiological loads while possessing sufficient interconnected porosity for bony bridging and fusion, we developed a multiscale topology optimization technique. Topology optimization at the macroscopic scale provides optimal structural layout that ensures mechanical strength, while optimally designed microstructures, which replace the macroscopic material layout, ensure maximum permeability. Optimally designed cages were fabricated using solid, freeform fabrication of poly(ε-caprolactone) mixed with hydroxyapatite. Compression tests revealed that the yield strength of optimized fusion cages was two times that of typical human lumbar spine loads. Computational analysis further confirmed the mechanical integrity within the human lumbar spine, although the pore structure locally underwent higher stress than yield stress. This optimization technique may be utilized to balance the complex requirements of load-bearing, stress shielding, and interconnected porosity when using biodegradable materials for fusion cages.

  14. Characteristics and Efficacy of a New 3-Dimensional Printed Mesh Structure Titanium Alloy Spacer for Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Sung-Soo; Lee, Kyung-Joon; Kwon, Yoo-Beom; Kang, Kyung-Chung

    2017-08-17

    This study evaluated the characteristics of a newly developed 3-dimensional printed mesh structure titanium spacer and its efficacy for posterior lumbar interbody fusion. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion with this spacer was performed at 53 segments (40 patients; mean age, 64 years; range, 51-73 years). Data were collected prospectively. Radiographic characteristics were analyzed with changes in interbody height, instability of the segments, formation of bone bridges around the implants, and pseudarthrosis, as determined by dynamic radiographs and postoperative computed tomography scans. Clinical outcomes were evaluated with the visual analog scale for the low back and extremities, the Oswestry Disability Index, and the 36-Item Short Form Survey. Radiographically, preoperative anterior and posterior interbody height was significantly increased immediately postoperatively (P3-dimensional printed mesh structure titanium spacer showed satisfactory radiographic and clinical results, with no cases of pseudarthrosis or revision, including posterior lumbar interbody fusion at L5-S1. [Orthopedics. 201x; xx(x):xx-xx.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  15. [A feasibility research of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) using hybrid internal fixation for recurrent lumbar disc herniation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Ke-ya; Wang, Yan; Xiao, Song-hua; Zhang, Yong-gang; Liu, Bao-wei; Wang, Zheng; Zhang, Xi-Feng; Cui, Geng; Zhang, Xue-song; Li, Peng; Mao, Ke-zheng

    2013-08-01

    To investigate the feasibility of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) using hybrid internal fixation of pedicle screws and a translaminar facet screw for recurrent lumbar disc herniation. From January 2010 to December 2011, 16 recurrent lumbar disc herniation patients, 10 male and 6 female patients with an average age of 45 years (35-68 years) were treated with unilateral incision MIS-TLIF through working channel. After decompression, interbody fusion and fixation using unilateral pedicle screws, a translaminar facet screw was inserted from the same incision through spinous process and laminar to the other side facet joint. The results of perioperative parameters, radiographic images and clinical outcomes were assessed. The repeated measure analysis of variance was applied in the scores of visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disablity index (ODI). All patients MIS-TLIF were accomplished under working channel including decompression, interbody fusion and hybrid fixation without any neural complication. The average operative time was (148 ± 75) minutes, the average operative blood loss was (186 ± 226) ml, the average postoperative ambulation time was (32 ± 15) hours, and the average hospitalization time was (6 ± 4) days. The average length of incision was (29 ± 4) mm, and the average length of translaminar facets screw was (52 ± 6) mm. The mean follow-up was 16.5 months with a range of 12-24 months. The postoperative X-ray and CT images showed good position of the hybrid internal fixation, and all facets screws penetrate through facets joint. The significant improvement could be found in back pain VAS, leg pain VAS and ODI scores between preoperative 1 day and postoperative follow-up at all time-points (back pain VAS:F = 52.845, P = 0.000;leg pain VAS:F = 113.480, P = 0.000;ODI:F = 36.665, P = 0.000). Recurrent lumbar disc herniation could be treated with MIS-TLIF using hybrid fixation through unilateral incision, and the

  16. Experimental lumbar spine fusion with novel tantalum-coated carbon fiber implant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Haisheng; Zou, Xuenong; Woo, Charlotte; Ding, Ming; Lind, Martin; Bünger, Cody

    2007-04-01

    Implants of carbon fiber composite have been widely used in orthopedic and spinal surgeries. However, studies using carbon fiber-reinforced cages demonstrate frequent appearance of fibrous layer interposed between the implant and the surrounding bone. The aim of the present study was to test the possibility of coating a biocompatible metal layer on top of the carbon fiber material, to improve its biological performance. Tantalum was chosen because of its bone compatibility, based on our previous studies. A novel spinal fusion cage was fabricated by applying a thin tantalum coating on the surface of carbon-carbon composite material through chemical vapor deposition. Mechanical and biological performance was tested in vitro and in vivo. Compress strength was found to be 4.9 kN (SD, 0.2). Fatigue test with 500,000 cycles was passed. In vitro radiological evaluation demonstrated good compatibility with X-ray and CT scan examinations. In vivo test employed eight pigs weighing 50 kg each. Instrumented lumbar spine fusion of L3/4 and L4/5 with these cages was performed on each pig. After 3 months, excellent bone integration property was demonstrated by direct contact of the cage with the host bone and newly formed bone. No inflammatory cells were found around the implant. Cages packed with two different graft materials (autograft and COLLOSS) achieved the same new bone formation. The present study proved that coating tantalum on top of the carbon-based implant is feasible, and good bone integration could be achieved.

  17. Learning curve of a complex surgical technique: minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Kong Hwee; Yeo, William; Soeharno, Henry; Yue, Wai Mun

    2014-10-01

    Prospective cohort study. This study aimed to evaluate the learning curve of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS TLIF). Very few studies have evaluated the learning curve of this technically demanding surgery. We intend to evaluate the learning curve of MIS TLIF with a larger sample size and assess surgical competence based not only on operative time but with perioperative variables, clinical and radiologic outcomes, incidence of complications, and patient satisfaction. From 2005 to 2009, the first 90 single-level MIS TLIF, which utilized a consistent technique and spinal instrumentation, performed by a single surgeon at our tertiary institution were studied. Variables studied included operative time, perioperative variables, clinical (Visual Analogue Scores for back and leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index, North American Spine Society Scores for neurogenic symptoms) and radiologic outcomes, incidence of complications and patient rating of expectation met, and the overall result of surgery. The asymptote of the surgeon's learning curve for MIS TLIF was achieved at the 44th case. Comparing the early group of 44 patients to the latter 46, the demographics were similar. For operative parameters, only 3 variables showed differences between the 2 groups: mean operative duration, fluoroscopy duration, and usage of patient-controlled analgesia. At the final follow-up, for clinical outcome parameters, the 2 groups were different in 3 parameters: VAS scores for back, leg pain, and neurogenic symptom scores. For radiologic outcome, both groups showed similar good fusion rates. For complications, none of the MIS TLIF cases were converted to open TLIF intraoperatively. In the early group, there were 3 complications: 1 incidental durotomy and 2 asymptomatic cage migrations; and in the latter group, there was 1 asymptomatic cage migration. In our study, technical proficiency in MIS TLIF was achieved after 44 surgeries, and the latter patients benefited

  18. Reduction in radiation (fluoroscopy while maintaining safe placement of pedicle screws during lumbar spine fusion

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    Christopher D. Chaput

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to report the results using PediGuard (electrical conductivity device to reduce radiation exposure while drilling the pilot hole for pedicle screw placement. METHOD: Eighteen patients diagnosed with a degenerative lumbar spine, that required a posterior spinal fusion. Average age of the patients were 55 ± 12 years. Patients received postoperative CT scans of all screws. Scans were reviewed by an independent reviewer grading 'in' 2 mm of breach. In a randomized fashion, the surgeon created pilot holes with either his standard technique or by using the PediGuard. Fluoroscopy was used for each drilling as necessary. Once the pilot hole was created, the surgeon inserted titanium screws into the pedicle pilot holes. A total of 78 screws (39 standard probe and 39 PediGuard were analyzed. RESULTS: 78 screws (39 standard probe and 39 PediGuard were analyzed. No significant difference in breach rate > 2mm by either method (p=1.000, with one screw out in each group. Fluoroscopy shots averaged 5.2 (range, 0 to 15, average decrease of 2.3 (30% per screw in the PediGuard group vs. 7.5 (range, 2 to 17 in the standard group (p< .001. CONCLUSION: This trial to assess pedicle probe location within the pedicle and vertebral body showed the number of fluoroscopy shots were reduced by 30%, compared to a standard probe while maintaining a 97.5% screw placement accuracy.

  19. Effect of Elastic Modulus on Biomechanical Properties of Lumbar Interbody Fusion Cage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yue Zhu; Fusheng Li; Shujun Li; Yulin Hao; Rui Yang

    2009-01-01

    This work focuses on the influence of elastic modulus on biomechanical properties of lumbar interbody fusion cages by selecting two titanium alloys with different elastic modulus.They were made by a new β type alloy with chemical composition of Ti-24Nb-4Zr-7.6Sn having low Young's modulus ~50 GPa and by a conventional biomedical alloy Ti-6Al-4V having Young's modulus ~110 GPa.The results showed that the designed cages with low modulus (LMC) and high modulus (HMC) can keep identical compression load ~9.8 kN and endure fatigue cycles higher than 5× 106 without functional or mechanical failure under 2.0 kN axial compression.The anti-subsidence ability of both group cages were examined by axial compression of thoracic spine specimens (T9~T10) dissected freshly from the calf with averaged age of 6 months.The results showed that the LMC has better anti-subsidence ability than the HMC (p<0.05).The above results suggest that the cage with low elastic modulus has great potential for clinical applications.

  20. Does prone repositioning before posterior fixation produce greater lordosis in lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF)?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yson, Sharon C; Sembrano, Jonathan N; Santos, Edward R G; Luna, Jeffrey T P; Polly, David W

    2014-10-01

    Retrospective comparative radiographic review. To determine if lateral to prone repositioning before posterior fixation confers additional operative level lordosis in lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF) procedures. In a review of 56 consecutive patients who underwent LLIF, there was no statistically significant change in segmental lordosis from lateral to prone once a cage is in place. The greatest lordosis increase was observed after cage insertion. We reviewed 56 consecutive patients who underwent LLIF in the lateral position followed by posterior fixation in the prone position. Eighty-eight levels were fused. Disk space angle was measured on intraoperative C-arm images, and change in operative level segmental lordosis brought about by each of the following was determined: (1) cage insertion, (2) prone repositioning, and (3) posterior instrumentation. Paired t test was used to determine significance (α=0.05). Mean lordosis improvement brought about by cage insertion was 2.6 degrees (P=0.00005). There was a 0.1 degree mean lordosis change brought about by lateral to prone positioning (P=0.47). Mean lordosis improvement brought about by posterior fixation, including rod compression, was 1.0 degree (P=0.03). In LLIF procedures, the largest increase in operative level segmental lordosis is brought about by cage insertion. Further lordosis may be gained by placing posterior fixation, including compressive maneuvers. Prone repositioning after cage placement does not produce any incremental lordosis change. Therefore, posterior fixation may be performed in the lateral position without compromising operative level sagittal alignment.

  1. Neurogenic Shock Immediately following Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion: Report of Two Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsumoto, Tomiya; Okuda, Shinya; Haku, Takamitsu; Maeda, Kazuya; Maeno, Takafumi; Yamashita, Tomoya; Yamasaki, Ryoji; Kuratsu, Shigeyuki; Iwasaki, Motoki

    2015-08-01

    Study Design Case report. Objective To present two cases of neurogenic shock that occurred immediately following posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and that appeared to have been caused by the vasovagal reflex after dural injury and incarceration of the cauda equina. Case Report We present two cases of neurogenic shock that occurred immediately following PLIF. One patient had bradycardia, and the other developed cardiac arrest just after closing the surgical incision and opening the drainage tube. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation was performed immediately, and the patients recovered successfully, but they showed severe motor loss after awakening. The results of laboratory data, chest X-ray, electrocardiogram, computed tomography, and echocardiography ruled out pulmonary embolism, hemorrhagic shock, and cardiogenic shock. Although the reasons for the postoperative shock were obscure, reoperation was performed to explore the cause of paralysis. At reoperation, a cerebrospinal fluid collection and the incarceration of multiple cauda equina rootlets through a small dural tear were observed. The incarcerated cauda equina rootlets were reduced, and the dural defect was closed. In both cases, the reoperation was uneventful. From the intraoperative findings at reoperation, it was thought that the pathology was neurogenic shock via the vasovagal reflex. Conclusion Incarceration of multiple cauda equina rootlets following the accidental dural tear by suction drainage caused a sudden decrease of cerebrospinal fluid pressure and traction of the cauda equina, which may have led to the vasovagal reflex.

  2. Total 3D Airo® Navigation for Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaofeng Lian

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. A new generation of iCT scanner, Airo®, has been introduced. The purpose of this study is to describe how Airo facilitates minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF. Method. We used the latest generation of portable iCT in all cases without the assistance of K-wires. We recorded the operation time, number of scans, and pedicle screw accuracy. Results. From January 2015 to December 2015, 33 consecutive patients consisting of 17 men and 16 women underwent single-level or two-level MIS-TLIF operations in our institution. The ages ranged from 23 years to 86 years (mean, 66.6 years. We treated all the cases in MIS fashion. In four cases, a tubular laminectomy at L1/2 was performed at the same time. The average operation time was 192.8 minutes and average time of placement per screw was 2.6 minutes. No additional fluoroscopy was used. Our screw accuracy rate was 98.6%. No complications were encountered. Conclusions. Airo iCT MIS-TLIF can be used for initial planning of the skin incision, precise screw, and cage placement, without the need for fluoroscopy. “Total navigation” (complete intraoperative 3D navigation without fluoroscopy can be achieved by combining Airo navigation with navigated guide tubes for screw placement.

  3. Standardized evaluation of long-term results after anterior lumbar interbody fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfeiffer, M; Griss, P; Haake, M; Kienapfel, H; Billion, M

    1996-01-01

    A total of 113 patients, excluding those with tumor, spondylitis, and idiopathic scoliosis, underwent anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) with autologous iliac crest graft between 1984 and 1991 at our department. The proportion of these who were failed back patients was higher than that reported in the literature. Evaluation of functional outcome was feasible in 80 patients, utilizing Oswestry and Marburg scores, which were closely intercorrelated. The overall results yielded an improvement in the Oswestry score of 35.7 percentage points. A subset of 52 patients who were evaluated twice, showed the same results at an average of 6.6 years as they did at 2.3 years following surgery. Functional results showed a weak correlation with postoperative height loss of the intervertebral space. Influencing factors for the functional result were: postoperative compensation claim, age, and obesity. Of the professional people involved, 19.4% did not return to any occupation. Patients satisfied with the result had significantly greater functional improvement. Younger patients with additional dorsal distraction prior to ALIF for reduction of severe spondylolisthesis fared better than patients with ALIF alone. The rate of complications was low and did not contribute to the postoperative functional result. On the basis of these results further prospective studies have been designed and are currently underway.

  4. Outcomes of bone morphogenetic protein-2 in mature adults: posterolateral non-instrument-assisted lumbar decompression and fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, D Kojo; Jones-Quaidoo, Sean M; Sansur, Charles; Shaffrey, Christopher I; Oskouian, Rod; Jane, John A

    2008-05-01

    Bone morphogenic protein products enable lumber spine fusion. Few outcome studies have been performed to evaluate function and pain relief after posterior lumber decompression for degenerative disease, and few studies have provided detailed results of posterior lumbar fusion in elderly patients. This retrospective analysis presents a comprehensive examination of spinal fusion, functional outcomes, and pain relief in a growing elderly population in which a BMP was used. Fifty-five patients, 25 men and 30 women (moderately disabled to bedridden), with both mean and median ages of 68 years, underwent surgery for symptoms of lumbar degenerative disease between August 2003 and June 2004. Surgery involved multilevel lumbar total laminectomies with medial facetectomies and posterior lateral fusion, which was performed using INFUSE Bone Graft (Medtronic Sofamor Dane K. Inc, Minneapolis, MN) with recombinant human BMP-2 as the active ingredient. Forty-seven patients (22 men and 25 women) were available for follow-up and participated in this study. Of these 47 patients, the average number of levels decompressed and fused was 2. Thirteen patients had 1 level, 18 patients with 2 levels, 15 patients with 3 levels, and 1 patient with 4 levels. An analysis of fusion was performed using computed tomography beginning at an average of 6 months (range, 3-36 months) postsurgery. At an average of 34 months (range, 29-36 months) of follow-up, 2 questionnaires--the Modified Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire and the SF-12 Health Survey--were completed by the patient. Long-term follow-up indicates that more than 85% of patients exhibited high functioning ability and had improved index scores and pain relief. Patients with improved pain and function scores also had better than average health status. In addition, grading the patients' fusion rates with the Lenke fusion scale [J Spinal Disord 5(4) (1992) 433-442] showed an 80% fusion (Lenke Grades A and B) rate. The use of rh

  5. Incidence and risk factors of persistent low back pain following posterior decompression and instrumented fusion for lumbar disk herniation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Hu

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Hui Wang,1 Tao Wang,1 Qian Wang,2 Wenyuan Ding1 1Department of Spine Surgery, 2Financial Statistics Department, The Third Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, People’s Republic of China Introduction: The aim of this study was to explore the incidence and risk factors of persistent low back pain (PLBP following posterior decompression and instrumented fusion for lumbar disk herniation and to provide references in decision-making and surgical planning for both spinal surgeons and surgically treated patients.Patients and methods: By retrieving the medical records from January 2013 to December 2016, 221 patients were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were classified as having PLBP if numeric rating scale (NRS scores were >50 at all postoperative follow-up time points (3 months, 6 months, and 12 months. According to the occurrence of PLBP, patients were divided into two groups: PLBP group and non (N-PLBP group. To investigate risk values for PLBP, the following three categorized factors were analyzed statistically. Patient characteristics: age, gender, body mass index (BMI, preoperative low back pain, comorbidity, smoking, and drinking. Surgical variables: surgical strategy, surgical segment, the number of fusion levels, surgery time, blood loss, and size of incision. Radiographic parameters: preoperative lumbar lordosis (LL, correction of LL at immediate postoperation, Modic changes, and preoperative paraspinal muscle degeneration.Results: PLBP was detected in 16 patients and were enrolled into the PLBP group. There was no difference between the two groups in age, gender, BMI, comorbidity, smoking, and drinking. The preoperative low back pain was more severe in the PLBP group than that in the N-PLBP group. There was no difference in surgery time, blood loss, surgical strategy, number of fusion levels, and the size of incision. Surgery segment at L5–S1 was more prevalent in the PLBP group than that in the N-PLBP group, and

  6. Preservation or Restoration of Segmental and Regional Spinal Lordosis Using Minimally Invasive Interbody Fusion Techniques in Degenerative Lumbar Conditions: A Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uribe, Juan S; Myhre, Sue Lynn; Youssef, Jim A

    2016-04-01

    A literature review. The purpose of this study was to review lumbar segmental and regional alignment changes following treatment with a variety of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) interbody fusion procedures for short-segment, degenerative conditions. An increasing number of lumbar fusions are being performed with minimally invasive exposures, despite a perception that minimally invasive lumbar interbody fusion procedures are unable to affect segmental and regional lordosis. Through a MEDLINE and Google Scholar search, a total of 23 articles were identified that reported alignment following minimally invasive lumbar fusion for degenerative (nondeformity) lumbar spinal conditions to examine aggregate changes in postoperative alignment. Of the 23 studies identified, 28 study cohorts were included in the analysis. Procedural cohorts included MIS ALIF (two), extreme lateral interbody fusion (XLIF) (16), and MIS posterior/transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (P/TLIF) (11). Across 19 study cohorts and 720 patients, weighted average of lumbar lordosis preoperatively for all procedures was 43.5° (range 28.4°-52.5°) and increased 3.4° (9%) (range -2° to 7.4°) postoperatively (P lordosis increased, on average, by 4° from a weighted average of 8.3° preoperatively (range -0.8° to 15.8°) to 11.2° at postoperative time points (range -0.2° to 22.8°) (P lordosis and change in lumbar lordosis (r = 0.413; P = 0.003), wherein lower preoperative lumbar lordosis predicted a greater increase in postoperative lumbar lordosis. Significant gains in both weighted average lumbar lordosis and segmental lordosis were seen following MIS interbody fusion. None of the segmental lordosis cohorts and only two of the 19 lumbar lordosis cohorts showed decreases in lordosis postoperatively. These results suggest that MIS approaches are able to impact regional and local segmental alignment and that preoperative patient factors can impact the extent of correction gained

  7. Associated lumbar scoliosis does not affect outcomes in patients undergoing focal minimally invasive surgery-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MISTLIF) for neurogenic symptoms-a minimum 2-year follow-up study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tay, Kae Sian; Bassi, Anupreet; Yeo, William; Yue, Wai Mun

    2017-01-01

    There is no current literature comparing outcomes of patients with and without lumbar scoliosis having neurologic symptoms undergoing minimally invasive surgery-transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MISTLIF) technique. This study aimed to determine whether associated lumbar scoliosis will result in different clinical, radiological, and operative outcomes in patients undergoing focal MISTLIF for neurogenic symptoms, without specific correction of the scoliosis. A retrospective case comparison study from prospectively collected hospital registry data was carried out. Two hundred and thirty eligible patients were evaluated and divided into two groups: Scoliosis Group (SG; n=57) with Cobb angle >10 degrees on anterioposterior (AP) plain lumbar spine radiographs and Non-Scoliosis Group (NSG; n=173) consisting of the remaining patients. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the Oswestry Disability Index, the North American Spine Society (NASS) Neurogenic Symptom Score, the NASS Satisfaction with Surgery Rating, the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and the Numerical Pain Rating Scale for back and leg pain. Radiological findings included Cobb angle, fusion, implant failure or loosening, and adjacent segment degeneration (ASD). Both groups were compared for demographics, perioperative parameters, complications, clinical, and radiological outcomes. Interobserver agreement (kappa statistics) for measurement of Cobb angle was calculated on all cases of both groups by two authors. Patients were evaluated preoperatively, at 6 months, and 2 years after surgery. The average follow-up was 2.88±1.47 years in the SG and 2.71±1.34 years in the NSG (p=.444). Differences in mean age (SG: 62.9±10.9 years and NSG: 57.6±13.1 years), estimated related risk of death (SG: 3.05±2.13 and NSG: 2.41±1.74), and gender (female=SG: 87.7% and NSG: 64.2%) were statistically significant (p.05). Preoperative and postoperative clinical outcomes were similar in both groups (p>.05) except

  8. 腰椎融合及植入物内固定后滑脱腰椎的椎体稳定性%Stability of lumbar vertebrae with lumbar spondylolisthesis after lumbar fusion and implant internal fixation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱瑜琪; 王金荣

    2013-01-01

      背景:腰椎滑脱症的治疗目的是重建脊柱序列和椎体稳定性,解除神经压迫,达到永久腰椎融合的作用。目的:探讨腰椎滑脱症患者腰椎融合及植入物内固定后椎体稳定性的恢复。  方法:腰椎滑脱症最常采用Wiltse分型将其分为发育不良性、峡部裂性、退变性、创伤性以及病理性,将腰椎侧位X射线片的上位椎体相对于下位椎体的滑移程度分为5级,根据腰椎滑脱症患者的分型和分级以及患者具体情况选择适宜的治疗方式。  结果与结论:坚强融合内固定,植入物与椎体间是刚性连接,常用来稳定脊柱、矫正畸形,骨融合率较高,减少了假关节形成。动态融合内固定是用弹性材质或微动装置分散坚强内固定负荷传导,减少应力遮挡效应及邻近节段的应力集中。动态非融合内固定能改变脊柱运动节段的负荷传递方式,阻止脊柱运动,预防邻近节段退变,使失稳的腰椎达到其正常状态的活动特性,实现动态重建腰椎序列。峡部关节缺损部位直接修复植骨,适用于青壮年有症状不伴有退行性椎间盘疾病的滑脱患者。腰椎滑脱症选择哪种材料植骨和植骨部位以及哪种入路方法融合和植入物内固定可以得到理想的融合内固定效果一直是学者们争论的焦点,目前尚未达成统一。%BACKGROUND:The purpose of the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis is to reconstruct the spine sequence and vertebral stability, relieve nerve compression, and achieve permanent lumbar fusion. OBJECTIVE:To explore the restore of vertebral stability of the lumbar spondylolisthesis patients after lumbar fusion and implant internal fixation. METHODS:The lumbar spondylolisthesis was often divided into dysplastic, isthmic, degenerative, traumatic and pathological with Wiltse classification. The slip degree of upper vertebra relative to lower vertebra on the

  9. Clinical comparative study of 360° lumbar fusion versus posterolateral fusion for lumbar degenerative disease%360°腰椎融合与后外侧融合治疗腰椎退行性疾病的疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟增东; 雷云坤; 胡彪; 赵毅; 赵晓芳; 刘伟

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To compare the clinical results of 360° lumbar fusion and posterolateral fusion for lumbar degenerative disease. [Methods] This study was based on forty -five lumbar degenerative disease patients who underwent 360° lumbar fusion or the posterolateral fusion since 2008. Twenty - one patients were divided into 360° lumbar fusion group and twenty - four into posterolateral fusion group. The efficacy of the two fusion methods was evaluated on functional recovery, spinal fusion rate, complication rate, and the maintenance of the lumbar lordosis. [ Results ] Conditions of patients in both groups significantly improved in low - back pain, quality of life, spinal fusion rate and maintenance of the lumbar lordosis. The 360° lumbar fusion patients had better improvement [Conclusion] Compared with posterolateral fusion, 360° lumbar fusion patients can achieve better maintenance of the lumbar lordosis, a higher fusion rate, fewer complications, and better functional recovery.%[目的]分析360°腰椎融合与后外侧融合在治疗腰椎退行性疾病中的疗效.[方法]将2008年后在本科进行手术治疗的45例腰椎退行性疾病患者按融合方法不同分为360°腰椎融合组及后外侧融合组,回顾分析并比较两种融合方法在患者功能恢复、脊椎融合率、并发症的发生率及腰椎生理前凸保持方面的不同,评价两种融合方法的疗效差异.[结果]与术前相比,两组患者在生活质量及腰腿痛方面均有明显的改善,360°腰椎融合组患者改善更为明显.与后外侧融合组患者相比,360°腰椎融合组患者的腰椎生理前凸得到更好的保持,同时,腰椎融合率更高.[结论] 360°腰椎融合与后外侧融合相比,能更好的保持腰椎生理前凸,获得更高的融合率,减少并发症的发生,同时能使患者得到更好的功能恢复.

  10. Clinical and radiological outcome of anterior–posterior fusion versus transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for symptomatic disc degeneration: a retrospective comparative study of 133 patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwender, James D.; Safriel, Yair; Gilbert, Thomas J.; Mehbod, Amir A.; Denis, Francis; Transfeldt, Ensor E.; Wroblewski, Jill M.

    2009-01-01

    Abundant data are available for direct anterior/posterior spine fusion (APF) and some for transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF), but only few studies from one institution compares the two techniques. One-hundred and thirty-three patients were retrospectively analyzed, 68 having APF and 65 having TLIF. All patients had symptomatic disc degeneration of the lumbar spine. Only those with one or two-level surgeries were included. Clinical chart and radiologic reviews were done, fusion solidity assessed, and functional outcomes determined by pre- and postoperative SF-36 and postoperative Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and a satisfaction questionnaire. The minimum follow-up was 24 months. The mean operating room time and hospital length of stay were less in the TLIF group. The blood loss was slightly less in the TLIF group (409 vs. 480 cc.). Intra-operative complications were higher in the APF group, mostly due to vein lacerations in the anterior retroperitoneal approach. Postoperative complications were higher in the TLIF group due to graft material extruding against the nerve root or wound drainage. The pseudarthrosis rate was statistically equal (APF 17.6% and TLIF 23.1%) and was higher than most published reports. Significant improvements were noted in both groups for the SF-36 questionnaires. The mean ODI scores at follow-up were 33.5 for the APF and 39.5 for the TLIF group. The patient satisfaction rate was equal for the two groups. PMID:19125304

  11. Proximal Vertebral Body Fracture after 4-Level Fusion Using L1 as the Upper Instrumented Vertebra for Lumbar Degenerative Disease: Report of 2 Cases with Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasuhara,Takao

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Some cases with lumbar degenerative diseases require multi-level fusion surgeries. At our institute, 27 and 4 procedures of 3- and 4-level fusion were performed out of a total 672 posterior lumbar interfusions (PLIFs on patients with lumbar degenerative disease from 2005 to 2010. We present 2 osteoporotic patients who developed proximal vertebral body fracture after 4-level fusion. Both cases presented with gait disability for leg pain by degenerative lumbar scoliosis and canal stenosis at the levels of L1/2-4/5. After 4-level fusion using L1 as the upper instrumented vertebra, proximal vertebral body fractures were found along with the right pedicle fractures of L1 in both cases. One of these patients, aged 82 years, was treated as an outpatient using a hard corset for 24 months, but the fractures were exacerbated over time. In the other patient, posterolateral fusion was extended from Th10 to L5. Both patients can walk alone and have been thoroughly followed up. In both cases, the fracture of the right L1 pedicle might be related to the subsequent fractures and fusion failure. In consideration of multi-level fusion, L1 should be avoided as an upper instrumented vertebra to prevent junctional kyphosis, especially in cases with osteoporosis and flat back posture.

  12. The concave versus convex approach for minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion for thoracolumbar degenerative scoliosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheer, Justin K; Khanna, Ryan; Lopez, Alejandro J; Fessler, Richard G; Koski, Tyler R; Smith, Zachary A; Dahdaleh, Nader S

    2015-10-01

    We retrospectively reviewed patient charts to compare the approach-related (convex versus concave) neurological complications and magnitude of correction in patients undergoing lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF). It is yet to be quantitatively determined if correction of adult degenerative scoliosis from either side of the curve apex using a LLIF results in a reduction in complications and/or improved corrective ability. The inclusion criteria for this study were patients who underwent a LLIF for adult degenerative thoracolumbar scoliosis and had the LLIF prior to any other supplemental procedures. Patients were grouped based on the approach toward the curve apex concavity (CAVE) or the convexity (VEX). Standard coronal and sagittal radiographic measurements were made. Neurological complications and reoperation indications were also recorded. We included 32 patients for review (CAVE: 17; VEX: 15) with a mean age of 65.5 years±a standard deviation of 10.2, and mean follow-up of 17.0 months±15.7. There were eight postoperative neurological complications in eight patients (25.0%), and seven reoperations for six patients (18.8%; CAVE: 4/17 [23.5%]; VEX: 2/15 [13.3%]). The CAVE group had 6/17 neurological complications (35.3%; four ipsilateral and two contralateral to approach side) and VEX had 2/15 (13.3%; one ipsilateral and one bilateral to approach side; p>0.05). All patients significantly improved in the mean regional and segmental Cobb angles (p0.05). There were no significant differences between the groups for any of the radiographic parameters measured (p>0.05). Approaching the curve apex from either the concave or convex side resulted in significant improvements. The concave approach was associated with more postoperative neurological complications.

  13. Protection of the genitofemoral nerve using endoscopic assistance in minimally invasive lateral lumbar fusion

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    Thomas K. Lee, MD

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Postoperative groin and thigh dysesthesias are known potential sequelae of minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusions (LLIF. Injury to the genitofemoral nerve (GFN may play some role in occurrence of these symptoms. Our goals were to determine a precise, reproducible manner of diagnosing postoperative GFN dysfunction, and to evaluate an endoscopic assisted LLIF as a viable method of identifying and protecting the GFN. We performed a retrospective review of 21 consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic-assisted LLIF at 33 disc levels. CO2 insufflation was performed through a laterally placed incision. The GFN was visualized over the surface of the psoas muscle and mobilized away from the surgical corridor. The rest of the surgery proceeded as previously described (Ozgur et al., 2006 [18]. The presence of GFN injury was defined as a subjective sense of pain, numbness, or dysesthesias in the GFN territory, or an objective decrease in sensation in the ipsilateral femoral triangle. The patients were followed for an average of 15.1 months (range of 2 to 41 months. The GFN was identified in the surgical corridor in seven cases. In 6 patients, the nerve was easily mobilized. In one patient, intramuscular dissection was required. This patient experienced temporary diminished sensation in the territory of the GFN. Therefore, our rate of transient genitofemoral neuropathy was 4.8%, and there were no cases of permanent nerve damage. This paper further confirms the specific sensory distribution of the femoral branch of the GFN and also provides in vivo evidence that the vulnerably situated GFN can be safely mobilized and avoided using an endoscopic direct look.

  14. Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion at L5-S1 through a Unilateral Approach: Technical Feasibility and Outcomes

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    Won-Suh Choi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Minimally invasive spinal transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF at L5-S1 is technically more demanding than it is at other levels because of the anatomical and biomechanical traits. Objective. To determine the clinical and radiological outcomes of MIS-TLIF for treatment of single-level spinal stenosis low-grade isthmic or degenerative spondylolisthesis at L5-S1. Methods. Radiological data and electronic medical records of patients who underwent MIS-TLIF between May 2012 and December 2014 were reviewed. Fusion rate, cage position, disc height (DH, disc angle (DA, disc slope angle, segmental lordotic angle (SLA, lumbar lordotic angle (LLA, and pelvic parameters were assessed. For functional assessment, the visual analogue scale (VAS, Oswestry disability index (ODI, and patient satisfaction rate (PSR were utilized. Results. A total of 21 levels in 21 patients were studied. DH, DA, SLA, and LLA had increased from their preoperative measures at the final follow-up. Fusion rate was 86.7% (18/21 at 12 months’ follow-up. The most common cage position was anteromedial (15/21. The mean VAS scores for back and leg pain mean ODI scores improved significantly at the final follow-up. PSR was 88%. Cage subsidence was observed in 33.3% (7/21. Conclusions. The clinical and radiologic outcomes after MIS-TLIF at L5-S1 in patients with spinal stenosis or spondylolisthesis are generally favorable.

  15. A STUDY OF POSTERIOR LUMBAR INTERBODY FUSION WITH LOCALLY HARVESTED SPINOLAMINECTOMY BONE GRAFT AND PEDICLE SCREW FIXATION IN SPONDYLOLISTHESIS

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    Pardhasaradhi M

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF and Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF create intervertebral fusion by means of a posterior approach. Successful results have been reported with allograft, various cages (for interbody support, autograft and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein‐2. Interbody fusion techniques facilitate reduction and enhance fusion. Corticocancellous laminectomy bone chips alone can be used as a means of spinal fusion in patients with single level instrumented PLIF. This has got a good fusion rate. PLIF with cage gives better fusion on radiology than PLIF with iliac bone graft, but no statistical difference in the clinical outcome. Cage use precludes complications associated with iliac bone harvesting. The reported adjacent segment degeneration was 40.5% and reoperation was 8.1% after 10 years of follow up. MATERIALS AND METHODS 30 cases of spondylolisthesis who attended the Orthopaedic Outpatient Department of Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam, from 2014 to 2016 were taken up for study. All the cases were examined clinically and confirmed radiologically. The patient’s age, sex, symptoms and duration were noted and were examined clinically for the status of the spine. Straight leg raising test was done and neurological examination of the lower limbs performed. All the patients were subjected to the radiological examination of the lumbosacral spine by taking anteroposterior, lateral (flexion and extension views, oblique views to demonstrate spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis. MRI and x-rays studies were done in all the cases to facilitate evaluation of the root compression disk changes and spinal cord changes. RESULTS In our study, we followed all the 30 patients after the surgery following procedure of removal of loose lamina, spinous process and fibrocartilaginous mass, PLIF with only the laminectomy bone mass and CD screw system fixation up to 2 years. 12 patients (40% had excellent

  16. Extreme lateral lumbar interbody fusion. Surgical technique, outcomes and complications after a minimum of one year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domínguez, I; Luque, R; Noriega, M; Rey, J; Alia, J; Marco-Martínez, F

    «Minimally invasive» techniques have been recently been developed in order to achieve good clinical results with a low incidence of complications. The extralateral interbody fusion or direct transpsoas is a minimally invasive anterior arthrodesis. A total of 97 patients with 138 segments received surgery between May 2012 and May 2015. The follow-up was from 12-44 months. The mean age was 68 years (41-86). The most common cause of intervention was the adjacent segment (30%), deformity (22%), and lumbar disc disease (21%). The interbody cage was implanted as: Single (stand-alone) in 33%, and additional fixation was used in the others: Screws, percutaneous unilateral (11%), bilateral (27%), or with a lateral plate (62%). The mean stay was 3.2 days (2-6). The score on a lumbar visual analogue scale decreased from 9 to 4.1, and dropped to 3 after one year. The improvement in disc height was from 8.4mm to 13.8mm, and a larger increase in the foramen diameter from 10.5 to 13.1mm, which were statistically significant. The early major complications recorded were, three motor femoral nerve injuries and retroperitoneal haematoma (4%), and the early minor were: two fractures (2%). As major late complications there was an abdominal hernia, a mobilization of 10mm and three radiculopathy (5%), and as minor late, three fracture, two mobilisations greater than 10mm, four mobilisations of less than 10mm, and one mobilisation of a screw plate (10%). The extralateral interbody fusion technique is a safe and reliable when performing a lumbar fusion by an alternative minimally invasive route.

  17. Uso de morfina intratecal en artrodesis lumbar Uso da morfina intratecal na artrodese lombar Intrathecal morphine in lumbar spine fusion

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    Ronald Schulz Ibaceta

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: determinar la eficacia y la seguridad del uso de morfina intratecal, en bajas dosis, en pacientes sometidos a cirugía de instrumentación y artrodesis lumbar. MÉTODOS: estudio prospectivo, randomizado, ciego y controlado. Fueron utilizados dos grupos de pacientes: Grupo Estudio, que recibió morfina intratecal al final de su cirugía, y Grupo Control que sólo recibió el protocolo de analgesia estándar. RESULTADOS: se encontraron diferencias significativas en la escala visual análoga (EVA entre los dos grupos a las 12 horas postoperatorias. La EVA en reposo promedio del Grupo Estudio fue de 2,15 cm y el del Grupo Control, 5 cm (p=0,013. En actividad, el Grupo Estudio presentó una EVA promedio de 4,36 cm, y el Grupo Control 6,9 cm (p=0,029. No se encontraron diferencias en relación a las complicaciones entre los dos grupos. CONCLUSIÓN: el uso de morfina intratecal, en bajas dosis, es seguro y efectivo en el control del dolor en las primeras 12 horas postoperatorias en cirugía de artrodesis lumbar.OBJETIVO: determinar a eficácia e a seguridade do uso da morfina intratecal, em baixas doses, em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de instrumentação e artrodese lombar. MÉTODOS: estudo prospectivo, randomizado, cego e controlado. Foram utilizados dois grupos de pacientes: Grupo Estudo, que recebeu morfina intratecal no final da cirurgia e o Grupo Controle, que recebeu somente o protocolo de analgesia padrão. RESULTADOS: foram encontradas diferenças significativas na escala visual analógica (EVA entre os dois grupos às 12 horas pós-operatórias. A EVA em repouso, em média, do Grupo Estudo foi de 2,15 cm e do Grupo Controle, 5 cm (p=0,013. Durante atividade, o Grupo Estudo apresentou uma EVA de aproximadamente 4,36 cm e no Grupo Controle, 6,9 cm (p=0,029. Não foram encontradas diferenças com relação às complicações entre os dois grupos. CONCLUSÃO: o uso de morfina intratecal, em baixas doses, foi seguro e efetivo no

  18. Pain acceptance potentially mediates the relationship between pain catastrophizing and post-surgery outcomes among compensated lumbar fusion patients

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    Dance C

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Cassie Dance,1 M. Scott DeBerard,1 Jessica Gundy Cuneo2 1Department of Psychology, Utah State University, Logan, UT, 2Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA Purpose: Chronic low back pain is highly prevalent and often treatment recalcitrant condition, particularly among workers’ compensation patients. There is a need to identify psychological factors that may predispose such patients to pain chronicity. The primary aim of this study was to examine whether pain acceptance potentially mediated the relationship between pain catastrophizing and post-surgical outcomes in a sample of compensated lumbar fusion patients.Patients and methods: Patients insured with the Workers Compensation Fund of Utah and who were at least 2 years post-lumbar fusion surgery completed an outcome survey. These data were obtained from a prior retrospective-cohort study that administered measures of pain catastrophizing, pain acceptance, mental and physical health, and disability.Results: Of the 101 patients who completed the outcome survey, 75.2% were male with a mean age of 42.42 years and predominantly identified as White (97.0%. The majority of the participants had a posterior lumbar interbody fusion surgery. Pain acceptance, including activity engagement and pain willingness, was significantly correlated with better physical health and mental health, and lower disability rates. Pain catastrophizing was inversely correlated with measures of pain acceptance (activity engagement r=–0.67, p<0.01, pain willingness r=–0.73, p<0.01 as well as the outcome measures: mental health, physical health, and disability. Pain acceptance significantly mediated the relationship between pain catastrophizing and both mental and physical health and also the relationship between pain catastrophizing and disability. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that the relationship between pain catastrophizing and negative patient outcomes was potentially mediated

  19. Incidence, Predictors, and Postoperative Complications of Blood Transfusion in Thoracic and Lumbar Fusion Surgery: An Analysis of 13,695 Patients from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoude, Ahmed; Nooh, Anas; Fortin, Maryse; Aldebeyan, Sultan; Jarzem, Peter; Ouellet, Jean; Weber, Michael H

    2016-12-01

    Study Design Retrospective cohort study. Objective To identify predictive factors for blood transfusion and associated complications in lumbar and thoracic fusion surgeries. Methods The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database was used to identify patients who underwent lumbar or thoracic fusion from 2010 to 2013. Multivariate analysis was used to determine predictive factors and postoperative complications associated with transfusion. Results Out of 13,695 patients, 13,170 had lumbar fusion and 525 had thoracic fusion. The prevalence of transfusion was 31.8% for thoracic and 17.0% for lumbar fusion. The multivariate analysis showed that age between 50 and 60, age between 61 and 70, age > 70, dyspnea, American Society of Anesthesiologists class 3, bleeding disease, multilevel surgery, extended surgical time, return to operation room, and higher preoperative blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were predictors of blood transfusion for lumbar fusion. Multilevel surgery, preoperative BUN, and extended surgical time were predictors of transfusion for thoracic fusion. Patients receiving transfusions who underwent lumbar fusion were more likely to develop wound infection, venous thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism, and myocardial infarction and had longer hospital stay. Patients receiving transfusions who underwent thoracic fusion were more likely to have extended hospital stay. Conclusion This study characterizes incidence, predictors, and postoperative complications associated with blood transfusion in thoracic and lumbar fusion. Pre- and postoperative planning for patients deemed to be at high risk of requiring blood transfusion might reduce postoperative complications in this population.

  20. Relation between radiological assessment and biomechanical stability of lumbar interbody fusion in a large animal model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kroeze, R. J.; van der Veen, A. J.; van Royen, B. J.; Bank, R. A.; Helder, M. N.; Smit, T. H.

    2013-01-01

    To relate the progress of vertebral segmental stability after interbody fusion surgery with radiological assessment of spinal fusion. Twenty goats received double-level interbody fusion and were followed for a period of 3, 6 and 12 months. After killing, interbody fusion was assessed

  1. Relation between radiological assessment and biomechanical stability of lumbar interbody fusion in a large animal model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kroeze, R. J.; van der Veen, A. J.; van Royen, B. J.; Bank, R. A.; Helder, M. N.; Smit, T. H.

    2013-01-01

    To relate the progress of vertebral segmental stability after interbody fusion surgery with radiological assessment of spinal fusion. Twenty goats received double-level interbody fusion and were followed for a period of 3, 6 and 12 months. After killing, interbody fusion was assessed radiographicall

  2. Comparative Study of the Difference of Perioperative Complication and Radiologic Results: MIS-DLIF (Minimally Invasive Direct Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion) Versus MIS-OLIF (Minimally Invasive Oblique Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Jie; Ryu, Kyeong-Sik; Hur, Jung-Woo; Seong, Ji-Hoon; Kim, Jin-Sung; Cho, Hyun-Jin

    2017-01-04

    Retrospective observatory analysis. The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence of perioperative complication, difference of cage location, and sagittal alignment between minimally invasive oblique lateral lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-OLIF) and MIS-direct lateral lumbar interbody fusion (DLIF) in the cases of single-level surgery at L4-L5. MIS-DLIF using tubular retractor has been used for the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases; however, blunt transpsoas dissection poses a risk of injury to the lumbar plexus. As an alternative, MIS-OLIF uses a window between the prevertebral venous structures and psoas muscle. A total of 43 consecutive patients who underwent MIS-DLIF or MIS-OLIF for various L4/L5 level pathologies between November 2011 and April 2014 by a single surgeon were retrospectively reviewed. A complication classification based on the relation to surgical procedure and effect duration was used. Perioperative complications until 3-month postoperatively were reviewed for the patients. Radiologic results including the cage location and sagittal alignment were also assessed with plain radiography. There were no significant statistical differences in perioperative parameters and early clinical outcome between 2 groups. Overall, there were 13 (59.1%) approach-related complications in the DLIF group and 3 (14.3%) in the OLIF group. In the DLIF group, 3 (45.6%) were classified as persistent, however, there was no persistent complication in the OLIF group. In the OLIF group, cage is located mostly in the middle 1/3 of vertebral body, significantly increasing posterior disk space height and foraminal height compared with the DLIF group. Global and segmental lumbar lordosis was greater in the DLIF group due to anterior cage position without statistical significance. In our report of L4/L5 level diseases, the OLIF technique may decrease approach-related perioperative morbidities by eliminating the risk of unwanted muscle and nerve manipulations. Using

  3. Clinical outcomes of lumbar degenerative disc disease treated with posterior lumbar interbody fusion allograft spacer: a prospective, multicenter trial with 2-year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Paul M; Robbins, Stephen; Paullus, Wayne; Faust, Stephen; Holt, Richard; McGuire, Robert

    2009-07-01

    The clinical benefits and complications of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) have been studied over the past 60 years. In recent years, spine surgeons have had the option of treating low back pain caused by degenerative disc disease using PLIF with machined allograft spacers and posterior pedicle fixation. The purpose of this clinical series was to assess the clinical benefits of using a machined PLIF allograft spacer and posterior pedicle fixation to treat degenerative disc disease, both in terms of fusion rates and patient outcomes, and to compare these results with those in previous studies using autograft and metal interbody fusion devices. Results were also compared with results from studies using transverse process fusion. This prospective, nonrandomized clinical series was conducted at 10 US medical centers. Eighty-nine (55 male, 34 female) patients underwent PLIF with a presized, machined allograft spacer and posterior pedicle fixation between January 2000 and April 2003. Their outcomes were compared with outcomes in previous series described in the literature. All patients had experienced at least 6 months of low back pain that had been unresponsive to nonsurgical treatment. Physical examinations were performed before surgery, after surgery, and at 4 follow-up visits (6 weeks, 6 months, 12 months, 24 months). At each interval, we obtained radiographs and patient outcome measures, including SF-36 Bodily Pain Score, visual analog scale pain rating, and Oswestry Disability Index. The primary outcome was fusion results at 12 and 24 months; the secondary outcomes were pain, disability, function/quality of life, and satisfaction. One-level PLIFs were performed in 65 patients, and 2-level PLIFs in 24 patients. Flexion-extension radiographs at 12 and 24 months revealed a 98% fusion rate. Of the 72 patients who reached the 12-month follow-up, 86% reported decreased pain and disability as measured with the Oswestry Disability Index. Decreased pain as measured

  4. What is the Role of Epidural Injections in the Treatment of Lumbar Discogenic Pain: A Systematic Review of Comparative Analysis with Fusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staats, Peter S.; Nampiaparampil, Devi E.; Hirsch, Joshua A.

    2015-01-01

    Background Lumbar discogenic pain without pain mediated by a disc herniation, facet joints, or the sacroiliac joints, is common and often results in chronic, persistent pain and disability. After conservative treatment failure, injection therapy, such as an epidural injection, is frequently the next step considered in managing discogenic pain. The objective of this systematic review is to determine the efficacy of lumbar epidural injections in managing discogenic pain without radiculopathy, and compare this approach to lumbar fusion or disc arthroplasty surgery. Methods A systematic review of randomized trials published from 1966 through October 2014 of all types of epidural injections and lumbar fusion or disc arthroplasty in managing lumbar discogenic pain was performed with methodological quality assessment and grading of evidence. The level of evidence was based on the grading of evidence criteria which, was conducted using 5 levels of evidence ranging from levels I to V. Results Based on a qualitative assessment of the evidence for both approaches, there is Level II evidence for epidural injections, either caudal or lumbar interlaminar. Conclusions The available evidence suggests fluoroscopically directed epidural injections provide long-term improvement in back and lower extremity pain for patients with lumbar discogenic pain. There is also limited evidence showing the potential effectiveness of surgical interventions compared to nonsurgical treatments. PMID:25852828

  5. The role of physical therapy and rehabilitation after lumbar fusion surgery for degenerative disease: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madera, Marcella; Brady, Jeremy; Deily, Sylvia; McGinty, Trent; Moroz, Lee; Singh, Devender; Tipton, George; Truumees, Eeric

    2017-06-01

    OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to provide a systematic and comprehensive review of the existing literature regarding postfusion rehabilitation. METHODS Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, the authors conducted an exhaustive review of multiple electronic databases. Potential articles were screened using inclusion/exclusion criteria. Two authors independently analyzed these studies using predefined data fields, including study quality indicators such as level of evidence and availability of accepted patient-reported outcomes measures. These findings were synthesized in a narrative format. A third author resolved disagreements regarding the inclusion of a study. RESULTS Twenty-one articles with I or II levels of evidence were included in the review. The authors divided the findings of the literature review into several groups: rehabilitation terminology, timing and duration of postfusion rehabilitation, the need for rehabilitation relative to surgery-related morbidity, rehabilitation's relationship to outcomes, and cognitive and psychosocial aspects of postsurgical rehabilitation. Current evidence generally supports formal rehabilitation after lumbar fusion surgery. Starting physical therapy at the 12-week postoperative mark results in better outcomes at lower cost than an earlier, 6-week start. Where available, psychosocial support improves outcomes. However, a number of the questions could not be answered with high-grade evidence. In these cases, the authors used "best evidence available" to make recommendations. There are many cases in which different types of caregivers use clinical terminology differently. The data supporting an optimal protocol for postfusion rehabilitation remains elusive but, using the data available, the authors have crafted recommendations and a model protocol, which is currently undergoing prospective study. CONCLUSIONS Rehabilitation has long been a common feature in

  6. Extreme lateral lumbar interbody fusion: Do the cons outweigh the pros?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy E Epstein

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: Reviewing the pros of XLIF (e.g. radiographic, technical, biomechanical vs. the cons (inferiority, increased morbidity/mortality vs. ALIF, TLIF, PLIF, and PLF, we question whether XLIF should remain part of the lumbar spinal surgical armamentarium.

  7. Guideline update for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 1: introduction and methodology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaiser, Michael G; Eck, Jason C; Groff, Michael W; Watters, William C; Dailey, Andrew T; Resnick, Daniel K; Choudhri, Tanvir F; Sharan, Alok; Wang, Jeffrey C; Mummaneni, Praveen V; Dhall, Sanjay S; Ghogawala, Zoher

    2014-07-01

    Fusion procedures are an accepted and successful management strategy to alleviate pain and/or neurological symptoms associated with degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. In 2005, the first version of the "Guidelines for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine" was published in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine. In an effort to incorporate evidence obtained since the original publication of these guidelines, an expert panel of neurosurgical and orthopedic spine specialists was convened in 2009. Topics reviewed were essentially identical to the original publication. Selected manuscripts from the first iteration of these guidelines as well as relevant publications between 2005 through 2011 were reviewed. Several modifications to the methodology of guideline development were adopted for the current update. In contrast to the 2005 guidelines, a 5-tiered level of evidence strategy was employed, primarily allowing a distinction between lower levels of evidence. The qualitative descriptors (standards/guidelines/options) used in the 2005 recommendations were abandoned and replaced with grades to reflect the strength of medical evidence supporting the recommendation. Recommendations that conflicted with the original publication, if present, were highlighted at the beginning of each chapter. As with the original guideline publication, the intent of this update is to provide a foundation from which an appropriate treatment strategy can be formulated.

  8. Pharmacological strategies to reduce pruritus during postoperative epidural analgesia after lumbar fusion surgery - a prospective randomized trial in 150 patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robinson Yohan

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Epidural analgesia with bupivacain, epinephrine and fentanyl provides excellent pain control after lumbar fusion surgery, but pruritus and motor block are frequent side effects. Theoretically epidural ropivacain combined with oral oxycodone could decrease the incidence of these side effects. The two regimens were compared in a prospective randomized trial. Patients and methods 150 patients (87 women treated with posterior instrumented lumbar fusion were included. The mean age was 51 +/- 11 years. 76 were randomized to bupivacain, epinephrine and fentanyl (group B and 74 to ropivacain and oxycodone (group R. Pruritus, motor block and pain were measured 6 hours after surgery, thereafter 6 times per day for 5 days. Any pain breakthrough episode was registered whenever it occurred. Results The epidural treatment could be performed in 143 patients (72 in group B and 71 in group R. Disturbing pruritus occurred in 53 patients in group B compared to 12 in group R (p Conclusions Pruritus could be reduced with a combination of epidural ropivacain and oral oxycodone, at the price of a slightly higher pain level. Ropivacaine was not found to be superior to bupivacaine with regard to motor blocks.

  9. Complications of rhBMP-2 utilization for posterolateral lumbar fusions requiring reoperation: a single practice, retrospective case series report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffmann, Martin F; Jones, Clifford B; Sietsema, Debra L

    2013-10-01

    Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) (INFUSE, Medtronic, Memphis, TN, USA) has been used off-label for posterolateral lumbar fusions for many years. The goal of this study was to evaluate the complications requiring reoperation associated with rhBMP-2 application for posterolateral lumbar fusions. During a 7-year period of time (2002-2009), all patients undergoing lumbar posterolateral fusion using rhBMP-2 (INFUSE) were retrospectively evaluated within a large orthopedic surgery private practice. A total of 1,158 consecutive patients were evaluated with 468 (40.4%) males and 690 (59.6%) females. Complications related to rhBMP were defined as reoperation secondary to symptomatic failed fusion (nonunion), symptomatic seroma formation, symptomatic reformation of foraminal bone, and infection. Inclusion criteria were posterolateral fusion with rhBMP-2 implant and age equal to or older than 18 years. Surgical indications and treatment were performed in accordance with the surgeon's best knowledge, discretion, and experience. Patients consented to lumbar decompression and arthrodesis using rhBMP-2. All patients were educated and informed of the off-label utilization of rhBMP-2. Patient follow-up was performed at regular intervals of 2 weeks, 6 weeks, 12 weeks, 6 months, 1 year, and later if required or indicated. Average age was 59.2 years, and body mass index was 30.7 kg/m². Numbers of levels fused were 1 (414, 35.8%), 2 (469, 40.5%), 3 (162, 14.0%), 4 (70, 6.0%), 5 (19, 1.6%), 6 (11, 0.9%), 7 (7, 0.6%), 8 (4, 0.3%), and 9 (2, 0.2%). Patients having complications requiring reoperation were 117 of 1,158 (10.1%): symptomatic nonunion requiring redo fusion and instrumentation 41 (3.5%), seroma with acute neural compression 32 (2.8%), excess bone formation with delayed neural compression 4 (0.3%), and infection requiring debridement 26 (2.2%). Nonunion was related to male sex and previous BMP exposure. Seroma formation was significantly higher in

  10. Denervation and atrophy of paraspinal muscles after open lumbar interbody fusion is associated with clinical outcome--electromyographic and CT-volumetric investigation of 30 patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waschke, Albrecht; Hartmann, Christin; Walter, Jan; Dünisch, Pedro; Wahnschaff, Falko; Kalff, Rolf; Ewald, Christian

    2014-02-01

    Different studies have shown that atrophy of paraspinal muscles arises after open dorsal lumbar fusion, and the reasons for this atrophy are still not yet fully clarified. This prospective study investigates the extent of atrophy of the lumbar paraspinal muscles after open lumbar interbody fusion, its possible causes, and their association with clinical outcome measures. Thirty consecutive patients were prospectively included (13 male, 17 female, median age 60.5 years, range 33-80 years). Mono or bisegmental, posterior lumbar interbody fusion and instrumentation was performed applying a conventional, open lumbar midline approach. Clinical outcome was assessed by the Short Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire and visual analogue scale. Needle electromyography of paraspinal muscles was performed preoperatively, at 6 and 12 months. Serum values of creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase and myoglobin were determined preoperatively, at day 2 after surgery and at discharge. Paraspinal muscle volume was determined by volumetric analysis of thin-slice computed tomography scans preoperatively and 1 year after surgery. There was a significant increase of electromyographic denervation activity (p =0.024) and reduced recruitment of motor units (p = 0.001) after 1 year. Laboratory studies showed a significant increase of CK (p muscle volume decreased from 67.8 to 60.4 % (p muscle volume (K = -0.219, p = 0.002). Paraspinal muscle volume is significantly correlated with physical outcome (K = 0.169, p = 0.020), mental outcome (K = 0.214, p = 0.003), and pain (K = 0.382, p Atrophy of paraspinal muscles after open, posterior lumbar interbody fusion seems to be associated with denervation, as well as direct muscle trauma during surgery. While muscle atrophy is also correlated with a worse clinical outcome, it seems to be a determining factor for successful lumbar spine surgery.

  11. Lumbar spondylolisthesis treated with lnterbody fusion cage and posteriotaterior lumbar bone graft%椎间融合器联合后外侧植骨融合治疗腰椎滑脱症

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄永栋; 蒋卫平; 韦冰丹; 杨晓明; 甘坤宁; 周竖平; 刘剑伟; 黄家志

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the Affiliated to clinical outcome of lumbar spondylolisthesis using hiterbody fusion cage and posteriolalerion lumbar bone graft. Methods From January 2007 to January 2011,32 cases of lumbar spondylolisthesis were treated with lnterbody fusion cages and posteriolaterion lumbar bone graft. Results ['oilowed—up for 12 to 38 months.averaged 3.6 months, the fusion rate was 100%. According lo evaluation standard of ZOU De-wei;19 cases achieved excellent outcomes.good 10 and 3 fair,the clinical satisfaction rate of 90,62%, Conclusions The lnterbody fusion cages and posteriolaterion lumbar bone graft is a effective method for keeping spinal stability and restoring inlerverlebral height and improving the bony fusion rale.%目的 探讨椎间融合器联合后外侧植骨融合治疗腰椎滑脱的术后效果.方法 2007-01-2011-01 采用椎间植骨联合后外侧植骨融合治疗腰椎滑脱患者32 例.结果 随访12~38 月,平均16 个月,根据Suk 方法判定术后骨融合情况,骨融合率为100%.根据邹德威等临床功能评价标准评分:优19 例,良10 例,可3 例,优良率90.62%.结论 椎间融合器联合后外侧植骨融合术治疗腰椎滑脱是一种较理想的手术方法,能维持脊柱稳定性,恢复椎间隙高度和提高植骨融合率.

  12. [Effects of robot-assisted minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and traditional open surgery in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, G Y; Tian, W; He, D; Xing, Y G; Liu, B; Yuan, Q; Wang, Y Q; Sun, Y Q

    2017-07-01

    Objective: To compare the clinical effects of robot-assisted minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) and traditional open TLIF in the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis. Methods: A total of 41 patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis accepted surgical treatment in Department of Spinal Surgery of Beijing Jishuitan Hospital From July 2015 to April 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 16 cases accepted robot-assisted minimally invasive TLIF and 25 accepted traditional open TLIF. The operation time, X-ray radiation exposure time, perioperative bleeding, drainage volume, time of hospitalization, time for pain relief, time for ambulatory recovery, visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and complications were compared. T test and χ(2) were used to analyze data. Results: There were no significant difference in gender, age, numbers, degrees, pre-operative VAS and ODI in spondylolisthesis (all P>0.05). Compared with traditional open TLIF group, the robot-assisted minimally invasive TLIF group had less perioperative bleeding ((187.5±18.4) ml vs. (332.1±23.5) ml), less drainage volume ((103.1±15.6) ml vs. (261.3±19.8) ml), shorter hospitalization ((7.8±1.9) days vs. (10.0±1.6) days), shorter time for pain relief ((2.8±1.0) days vs. (5.2±1.1) days), shorter time for ambulatory recovery ((1.7±0.9) days vs. (2.9±1.3) days) and less VAS of the third day postoperatively (2.2±0.9 vs. 4.2±2.4) (t=2.762-16.738, all Probot-assisted minimally invasive TLIF group: (11.8 ± 2.8) mm vs. (7.5 ± 1.9) mm, traditional open TLIF group: (12.7 ± 2.5) mm vs. (7.9±2.0) mm), and so was the lumbar lordosis angle (robot-assisted minimally invasive TLIF group: (48.7±9.2)°vs. (39.6±7.9)°, traditional open TLIF group: (50.1±10.8)°vs. (41.4±8.8)°), the lordosis angle of the slippage segment (robot-assisted minimally invasive TLIF group: (18.7±5.6)°vs. (10.9±3.8)°, traditional open TLIF group: (17.6±6.1)°vs.(8.7±3.2)

  13. Open versus minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for single segment degenerative lumbar disease:A Meta-analysis%开放与微创经椎间孔椎体间融合治疗单节段退行性腰椎疾病的Meta分析★

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王银; 陈根元; 胡龙; 萧文耀; 王建民

    2013-01-01

      背景:微创经椎间孔椎体间融合技术采用微小切口经可扩张通道进行,与开放经椎间孔椎体间融合技术相比,微创技术视野小,操作更为精细,对周围组织的损伤较小,有利于恢复。  目的:对微创经椎间孔椎体间融合技术与开放经椎间孔椎体间融合技术治疗单节段退行性腰椎疾病的疗效及临床价值进行评价。  方法:检索2005至2012年间 Cochrane library、PubMed、Embase、SCI、中国生物医学文献数据库、中国知网和万方数据库,手工检索相关文献的参考文献及4种中文主要骨科杂志,纳入以单节段退行性腰椎疾病为研究对象,比较微创与开放经椎间孔椎体间融合技术治疗的随机对照试验,前瞻性队列研究及回顾性队列研究,严格评价纳入研究的方法学质量并提取资料,用 Cochrane 协作网提供的Revman5.1进行 Meta 分析。  结果与结论:经过筛选纳入7个研究(856例患者)。7个研究圴选用手术时间作为观察指标,结果显示微创手术的手术操作时间与开放手术比较差异无显著性意义(P=0.11);6个研究选用术中出血量作为观察指标,结果显示微创手术的术中出血量明显少于开放手术(P OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical outcome and clinicaI value between minimal y invasive and open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in treatment of single segment degenerative lumbar disease. METHODS: The Cochrane library, PubMed database, Embase database, SCI database, CNKI database, Wanfang database and Chinese Biomedical database were searched for control ed trials, prospective cohort study and retrospective cohort study on the comparison between minimal y invasive and open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in treatment of degenerative lumbar disease. Furthermore, we also manual y searched the relevant references and four Chinese orthopedic journals. Methodology quality of the

  14. Percutaneous pedicle screw reduction and axial presacral lumbar interbody fusion for treatment of lumbosacral spondylolisthesis: A case series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miller Larry E

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Traditional surgical management of lumbosacral spondylolisthesis is technically challenging and is associated with significant complications. The advent of minimally invasive surgical techniques offers patients treatment alternatives with lower operative morbidity risk. The combination of percutaneous pedicle screw reduction and an axial presacral approach for lumbosacral discectomy and fusion offers an alternative procedure for the surgical management of low-grade lumbosacral spondylolisthesis. Case presentation Three patients who had L5-S1 grade 2 spondylolisthesis and who presented with axial pain and lumbar radiculopathy were treated with a minimally invasive surgical technique. The patients-a 51-year-old woman and two men (ages 46 and 50-were Caucasian. Under fluoroscopic guidance, spondylolisthesis was reduced with a percutaneous pedicle screw system, resulting in interspace distraction. Then, an axial presacral approach with the AxiaLIF System (TranS1, Inc., Wilmington, NC, USA was used to perform the discectomy and anterior fixation. Once the axial rod was engaged in the L5 vertebral body, further distraction of the spinal interspace was made possible by partially loosening the pedicle screw caps, advancing the AxiaLIF rod to its final position in the vertebrae, and retightening the screw caps. The operative time ranged from 173 to 323 minutes, and blood loss was minimal (50 mL. Indirect foraminal decompression and adequate fixation were achieved in all cases. All patients were ambulatory after surgery and reported relief from pain and resolution of radicular symptoms. No perioperative complications were reported, and patients were discharged in two to three days. Fusion was demonstrated radiographically in all patients at one-year follow-up. Conclusions Percutaneous pedicle screw reduction combined with axial presacral lumbar interbody fusion offers a promising and minimally invasive alternative for the management

  15. Comparison of electromyographic activities of lumbar iliocostalis and lumbar multifidus muscles during stabilization exercises in prone, quadruped, and sitting positions

    OpenAIRE

    Kelly, Marie; Jacobs, Dee; Wooten, Mary E.; Edeer, Ayse Ozcan

    2016-01-01

    [Purpose] The purposes of this study were: 1) describe a hierarchy of electromyographic activity production, using percentage maximum voluntary contraction of lumbar iliocostalis and lumbar multifidus muscles during prone, quadruped and sitting exercises; and 2) identify optimal recruitment exercises for both lumbar iliocostalis as a global multi-segmental stabilizer and lumbar multifidus as a segmental stabilizer. [Subjects] Twelve healthy volunteers (six male and six female) aged 24 to 45 p...

  16. Minimally invasive presacral approach for revision of an Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion rod due to fall-related lumbosacral instability: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cohen Anders

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction The purpose of this study was to describe procedural details of a minimally invasive presacral approach for revision of an L5-S1 Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion rod. Case presentation A 70-year-old Caucasian man presented to our facility with marked thoracolumbar scoliosis, osteoarthritic changes characterized by high-grade osteophytes, and significant intervertebral disc collapse and calcification. Our patient required crutches during ambulation and reported intractable axial and radicular pain. Multi-level reconstruction of L1-4 was accomplished with extreme lateral interbody fusion, although focal lumbosacral symptoms persisted due to disc space collapse at L5-S1. Lumbosacral interbody distraction and stabilization was achieved four weeks later with the Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion System (TranS1 Inc., Wilmington, NC, USA and rod implantation via an axial presacral approach. Despite symptom resolution following this procedure, our patient suffered a fall six weeks postoperatively with direct sacral impaction resulting in symptom recurrence and loss of L5-S1 distraction. Following seven months of unsuccessful conservative care, a revision of the Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion rod was performed that utilized the same presacral approach and used a larger diameter implant. Minimal adhesions were encountered upon presacral re-entry. A precise operative trajectory to the base of the previously implanted rod was achieved using fluoroscopic guidance. Surgical removal of the implant was successful with minimal bone resection required. A larger diameter Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion rod was then implanted and joint distraction was re-established. The radicular symptoms resolved following revision surgery and our patient was ambulating without assistance on post-operative day one. No adverse events were reported. Conclusions The Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion distraction rod may be revised and replaced with a larger diameter rod using

  17. 改良TLIF治疗腰椎退变性疾病%Modified transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    荣树; 马兆钦

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨改良TLIF治疗腰椎退变性疾病的疗效.方法 用改良TLIF手术治疗L~S退变性疾病患者24例,共融合40个节段,其中单节段8例,双节段16例.男14例,女lO例;年龄56~78岁,平均64.6岁.退变性滑脱伴椎管狭窄6例,峡不连性滑脱4例,退变性腰椎管狭窄症10例,巨大椎间盘脱出合并椎间失稳4例.术中根据病情需要,采用椎管扩大减压后切除整个下关节突,切除上关节突上部的内侧半,部分开放椎间孔后壁,椎间隙自体微粒骨打压植骨,Cage斜向中线40.方向植入椎间隙,辅以椎弓根螺钉固定完成改良TLIF.结果 术中无并发症发生,24例均获得随访,时间12~20个月,平均17.4个月.所有患者于术后1年随访时均达椎体间融合,无螺钉断裂和Cage移位、沉陷.10例腰椎滑脱者滑脱完全复位并维持良好.根据JOA评分法,本组术前(13.8±4.1)分,末次随访时(24.9±3.0)分,临床改善程度达优16例,良6例,可2例,平均改善率79.5%.结论 改良TLIF扩大了手术适应证,贯彻了TLIF技术的设计思想和微创理念,使操作更加简单、安全,用于下腰椎退变性疾患的治疗效果满意.%Objective To analyze the clinical effects Of modified transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF)for the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease. Mothods 24 patients with lumbar degenerative disease (L3-S1) were treated by modified TLIF. There were 14 males and 10 females with an average age of 64.6years(56~78years). A total of 40 levels were fused, including 8 cases of single level and 16 cases of double levels. The results of preoperative diagnosis were lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis with stenosis (6cases), isthmic spondylolisthesis (4cases), degenerative lumbar stenosis (10cases), huge herniated disc with segmental instability (4cases). During the modified TLIF procedure, total inferior facet process and inner half summit of superior facet process of TLIF side were resected to make the

  18. Incidence and risk factors of adjacent segment disease following posterior decompression and instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hui; Ma, Lei; Yang, Dalong; Wang, Tao; Liu, Sen; Yang, Sidong; Ding, Wenyuan

    2017-01-01

    Abstract The purpose of this study was to explore incidence and risk factors of adjacent segment disease (ASD) following posterior decompression and instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar disorders, and hope to provide references in decision making and surgical planning for both spinal surgeon and surgically treated patients. By retrieving the medical records from January 2011 to December 2013 in our hospital, 237 patients were retrospectively reviewed. According to the occurrence of ASD at follow up, patients were divided into 2 groups: ASD and N-ASD group. To investigate risk values for the occurrence of ASD, 3 categorized factors were analyzed statistically: Patient characteristics: age, sex, body mass index (BMI), bone mineral density (BMD), duration. Surgical variables: surgical strategy, number of fusion level, surgery segment, surgery time, blood loss, intraoperative superior facet joint violation. Radiographic parameters: preoperative lumbar lordosis, preoperative angular motion at adjacent segment, preoperative adjacent segment disc degeneration, preoperative paraspinal muscle degeneration. Postoperative ASD was developed in 15 of 237 patients (6.3%) at final follow up. There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in patient characteristics of age, sex composition, BMD, duration, while the BMI was higher in ASD group than that in N-ASD group. There was no difference in surgical variables of surgical strategy, number of fusion level, surgery segment, surgery time, blood loss, while intraoperative superior facet joint violation was more common in ASD group than that in N-ASD group. There was no difference in radiographic parameters of preoperative lumbar lordosis, preoperative paraspinal muscle degeneration, while preoperative adjacent segment disc degeneration were more severe in ASD group than that in N-ASD group. The Logistic regression analysis revealed that, BMI >25 kg/m2, preoperative disc degeneration, and superior

  19. Incidence and risk factors of adjacent segment disease following posterior decompression and instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hui; Ma, Lei; Yang, Dalong; Wang, Tao; Liu, Sen; Yang, Sidong; Ding, Wenyuan

    2017-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore incidence and risk factors of adjacent segment disease (ASD) following posterior decompression and instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar disorders, and hope to provide references in decision making and surgical planning for both spinal surgeon and surgically treated patients.By retrieving the medical records from January 2011 to December 2013 in our hospital, 237 patients were retrospectively reviewed. According to the occurrence of ASD at follow up, patients were divided into 2 groups: ASD and N-ASD group. To investigate risk values for the occurrence of ASD, 3 categorized factors were analyzed statistically: Patient characteristics: age, sex, body mass index (BMI), bone mineral density (BMD), duration. Surgical variables: surgical strategy, number of fusion level, surgery segment, surgery time, blood loss, intraoperative superior facet joint violation. Radiographic parameters: preoperative lumbar lordosis, preoperative angular motion at adjacent segment, preoperative adjacent segment disc degeneration, preoperative paraspinal muscle degeneration.Postoperative ASD was developed in 15 of 237 patients (6.3%) at final follow up. There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in patient characteristics of age, sex composition, BMD, duration, while the BMI was higher in ASD group than that in N-ASD group. There was no difference in surgical variables of surgical strategy, number of fusion level, surgery segment, surgery time, blood loss, while intraoperative superior facet joint violation was more common in ASD group than that in N-ASD group. There was no difference in radiographic parameters of preoperative lumbar lordosis, preoperative paraspinal muscle degeneration, while preoperative adjacent segment disc degeneration were more severe in ASD group than that in N-ASD group. The Logistic regression analysis revealed that, BMI >25 kg/m, preoperative disc degeneration, and superior facet joint

  20. Effect of nano-hydroxyapatite/collagen composite and bone morphogenetic protein-2 on lumbar intertransverse fusion in rabbits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙天胜; 关凯; 时述山; 朱兵; 郑永军; 崔福斋; 张伟; 廖素三

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the effect of nano-hydroxyapatite/collagen (nHA/collagen) composite as a graft extender and enhancer when combined with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) on lumbar intertransverse fusion in rabbits.Methods: Sixty-four adult female New Zealand white rabbits, aged 1 year and weighing 3.5-4.5 kg, underwent similar posterolateral intertransverse process arthrodesis and were randomly divided into 4 groups based on different grafts: autogenous cancellous bone alone (ACB group), nHA/collagen alone (HAC group), half autogenous cancellous bone and half nHA/collagen (ACB+HAC group) and nHA/collagen combined with rhBMP-2 (HAC+BMP group). The fusion masses were analyzed by manual palpation, radiography, biomechanical testing and histological examination. Results: Fusion was observed in 4 cases in the 6th week and in 5 cases in the 10th week after surgery in ACB group. No case showed fusion in HAC group. In ACB+HAC group, there was fusion in 3 cases in the 6th week and in 4 cases in the 10th week after surgery. In HAC+BMP group, fusion in 1 case was found in the 4th week, in 5 cases in the 6th week and in 6 cases in the 10th week after surgery. It suggested that ACB, ACB+HAC and HAC+BMP groups showed similar fusion ratio and mechanical strength in the 6th and 10th week after surgery. According to the microstructure analysis of the samples, nHA/collagen had no negative effect when implanted together with ilium autograft. In HAC+BMP group, new bone-like tissue was observed in the 2nd week postoperatively, and nearly all of the implanted composites were replaced by mature bone matrix and new bones in 10th week postoperatively.Conclusions: The nHA/collagen, especially combined with rhBMP-2, is a promising bone substitute, for it has quick biodegradation, fine bone-bending ability, and high osteoconductivity on posterolateral spinal fusion in rabbits.

  1. Thirty-day readmission rate and risk factors for patients undergoing single level elective anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Roxanna M; Choy, Winward; DiDomenico, Joseph D; Barrington, Nikki; Dahdaleh, Nader S; Rodriguez, Heron E; Lam, Sandi; Smith, Zachary A

    2016-10-01

    Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) represents a common interbody fusion technique and is advantageous given reduced risk of damage to the paraspinal muscles, posterior ligaments, and neural elements. In this study, we identified the readmission rate, common causes, and risk factors associated with single level ALIF 30-day readmission. Patients who underwent elective single level ALIF surgery from 2011 to 2013 were identified in the American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database. Segmental fusion, emergency, and trauma cases were excluded. A total of 2,042 patients were identified from the ACS-NSQIP database from 2011 to 2013. The proportion of patients readmitted was 5.19% (106/2,042) and approximately 59.81% (64/106) had a reportable cause. The top three causes were poor post-operative pain control (11%), deep (9%) and superficial (9%) surgical site infections. Risk factors associated with 30-day readmission included age (odds ratio (OR)=1.02, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.00-1.03, p value=0.05), history of severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), (OR=2.11, 95% CI: 0.95-4.70, p value=0.08), post-operative pneumonia (OR=6.58, 95% CI: 2.36-18.30, p valuerisk factors for patients undergoing an ALIF procedure.

  2. Estimation of the Ideal Lumbar Lordosis to Be Restored From Spinal Fusion Surgery: A Predictive Formula for Chinese Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Leilei; Qin, Xiaodong; Zhang, Wen; Qiao, Jun; Liu, Zhen; Zhu, Zezhang; Qiu, Yong; Qian, Bang-ping

    2015-07-01

    A prospective, cross-sectional study. To determine the independent variables associated with lumbar lordosis (LL) and to establish the predictive formula of ideal LL in Chinese population. Several formulas have been established in Caucasians to estimate the ideal LL to be restored for lumbar fusion surgery. However, there is still a lack of knowledge concerning the establishment of such predictive formula in Chinese population. A total of 296 asymptomatic Chinese adults were prospectively recruited. The relationships between LL and variables including pelvic incidence (PI), age, sex, and body mass index were investigated to determine the independent factors that could be used to establish the predictive formula. For the validation of the current formula, other 4 reported predictive formulas were included. The absolute value of the gap between the actual LL and the ideal LL yielded by these formulas was calculated and then compared between the 4 reported formulas and the current one to determine its reliability in predicting the ideal LL. The logistic regression analysis showed that there were significant associations of LL with PI and age (R = 0.508, P < 0.001 for PI; R = 0.088, P = 0.03 for age). The formula was, therefore, established as follows: LL = 0.508 × PI - 0.088 × Age + 28.6. When applying our formula to these subjects, the gap between the predicted ideal LL and the actual LL was averaged 3.9 ± 2.1°, which was significantly lower than that of the other 4 formulas. The calculation formula derived in this study can provide a more accurate prediction of the LL for the Chinese population, which could be used as a tool for decision making to restore the LL in lumbar corrective surgery. 3.

  3. Incidence of vascular complications during lateral lumbar interbody fusion: an examination of the mini-open access technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kueper, Janina; Fantini, Gary A; Walker, Brendon R; Aichmair, Alexander; Hughes, Alexander P

    2015-04-01

    This article examines the incidence and management of vascular injury during Lateral Lumbar Interbody Fusion (LLIF). The details of the mini-open access technique are presented. A total of 900 patients who underwent a LLIF at an average 1.94 levels (range: 1-5 levels) by one of six fellowship trained surgeons on 1,754 levels from 2006 to 2013 were identified. The incidence of intraoperative vascular injury was retrospectively determined from the Operative Records. The management of vascular injury was evaluated. The mini-open access adapted by our institution for LLIF is described. The incidence of major vascular complication in our series was 1/900. The incidence of minor vascular injury was 4/900. The overall incidence of vascular injury was calculated to be 0.056 % per case and 0.029 % per level. All minor vascular injuries were identified to be segmental vessel lacerations, which were readily ligated under direct visualization without further extension of the incision with no clinical sequelae. The laceration of the abdominal aorta, the major vascular complication of this series, was emergently repaired through an exploratory laparotomy. None of the patients suffered long-term sequelae from their intraoperative vascular injuries. The mini-open lateral access technique for LLIF provides for minimal risk of vascular injury to the lumbar spine. In the rare event of minor vascular injury, the mini-open access approach allows for immediate visualization, confirmation and repair of the vessel with no long-term sequelae.

  4. The European multicenter trial on the safety and efficacy of guided oblique lumbar interbody fusion (GO-LIF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birkenmaier Christof

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Because of the implant-related problems with pedicle screw-based spinal instrumentations, other types of fixation have been tried in spinal arthrodesis. One such technique is the direct trans-pedicular, trans-discal screw fixation, pioneered by Grob for spondylolisthesis. The newly developed GO-LIF procedure expands the scope of the Grob technique in several important ways and adds security by means of robotic-assisted navigation. This is the first clinical trial on the GO-LIF procedure and it will assess safety and efficacy. Methods/Design Multicentric prospective study with n = 40 patients to undergo single level instrumented spinal arthrodesis of the lumbar or the lumbosacral spine, based on a diagnosis of: painful disc degeneration, painful erosive osteochondrosis, segmental instability, recurrent disc herniation, spinal canal stenosis or foraminal stenosis. The primary target criteria with regards to safety are: The number, severity and cause of intra- and perioperative complications. The number of significant penetrations of the cortical layer of the vertebral body by the implant as recognized on postoperative CT. The primary target parameters with regards to feasibility are: Performance of the procedure according to the preoperative plan. The planned follow-up is 12 months and the following scores will be evaluated as secondary target parameters with regards to clinical improvement: VAS back pain, VAS leg pain, Oswestry Disability Index, short form - 12 health questionnaire and the Swiss spinal stenosis questionnaire for patients with spinal claudication. The secondary parameters with regards to construct stability are visible fusion or lack thereof and signs of implant loosening, implant migration or pseudarthrosis on plain and functional radiographs. Discussion This trial will for the first time assess the safety and efficacy of guided oblique lumbar interbody fusion. There is no control group, but the results, the

  5. The Outcomes of Minimally Invasive versus Open Posterior Approach Spinal Fusion in Treatment of Lumbar Spondylolisthesis: The Current Evidence from Prospective Comparative Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ai-Min; Chen, Chun-Hui; Shen, Zhi-Hao; Feng, Zhen-Hua; Weng, Wan-Qing; Li, Shu-Min; Chi, Yong-Long; Yin, Li-Hui

    2017-01-01

    Purpose. To investigate the evidence of minimally invasive (MI) versus open (OP) posterior lumbar fusion in treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis from current prospective literatures. Methods. The electronic literature database of Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane library was searched at April 2016. The data of operative time, estimated blood loss and length of hospital stay, visual analog scale (VAS) of both lower back pain and leg pain, Oswestry disability index (ODI), SF-36 PCS (physical component scores) and SF-36 MCS (mental component scores), complications, fusion rate, and secondary surgery were extracted and analyzed by STATA 12.0 software. Results. Five nonrandom prospective comparative studies were included in this meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed that the MI group had a significantly longer operative time than OP group, less blood loss, and shorter hospital stay. No significant difference was found in back pain, leg pain, ODI, SF-36 PCS, SF-36 MCS, complications, fusion rate, and secondary surgery between MI and OP groups. Conclusion. The prospective evidence suggested that MI posterior fusion for spondylolisthesis had less EBL and hospital stay than OP fusion; however it took more operative time. Both MI and OP fusion had similar results in pain and functional outcomes, complication, fusion rate, and secondary surgery. PMID:28154826

  6. The Outcomes of Minimally Invasive versus Open Posterior Approach Spinal Fusion in Treatment of Lumbar Spondylolisthesis: The Current Evidence from Prospective Comparative Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ai-Min Wu

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To investigate the evidence of minimally invasive (MI versus open (OP posterior lumbar fusion in treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis from current prospective literatures. Methods. The electronic literature database of Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane library was searched at April 2016. The data of operative time, estimated blood loss and length of hospital stay, visual analog scale (VAS of both lower back pain and leg pain, Oswestry disability index (ODI, SF-36 PCS (physical component scores and SF-36 MCS (mental component scores, complications, fusion rate, and secondary surgery were extracted and analyzed by STATA 12.0 software. Results. Five nonrandom prospective comparative studies were included in this meta-analysis. The meta-analysis showed that the MI group had a significantly longer operative time than OP group, less blood loss, and shorter hospital stay. No significant difference was found in back pain, leg pain, ODI, SF-36 PCS, SF-36 MCS, complications, fusion rate, and secondary surgery between MI and OP groups. Conclusion. The prospective evidence suggested that MI posterior fusion for spondylolisthesis had less EBL and hospital stay than OP fusion; however it took more operative time. Both MI and OP fusion had similar results in pain and functional outcomes, complication, fusion rate, and secondary surgery.

  7. Comparison of MR myelography with conventional myelography lumbar disc diseases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Kyung Jae; Youn, Eun Kyung; Kim, Jung Hyeon; Lee, Seung Hee; Lee, Young Uk; Kim, Dong Joo [Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-02-01

    To compare MR myelography(MRM) using heavily T2 weighted fast spin echo(FSE) with conventional myelography in the evaluation of lumbar degenerative disc diseases. A total of 50 patients with lumbar degenerative disc diseases underwent both MRM and conventional myelography. A 1.5 T Sigma MR system was used. For MRM, heavily T2 weighted FSE pulse sequences were performed in sagittal, coronal and both oblique planes. The images of MRM and conventional myelography were analyzed retrospectively and compared, focusing on the pattern of compression of the cal sac and nerve roots. MRM yielded comparable images to conventional myelography in 68% (34/50). MRM was superior to conventional myelography in 11 cases (22%), and the opposite resulted in 5 cases(10%). MRM could visualize the spinal canal below the level of complete block in 6 patients, provided better contrast in the cases of dural ectasia in 3 cases and better delineation of individual nerve roots with source images in 1 case. Additional informations such as incidental retroperitoneal vascular malformation and extravasation of the CSF could be obtained by MRM in 1 case each. Disadvantages of MRM were poor contrast in the cases of multiple spinal stenosis, obscuration of the nerve roots by engorged paraspinal vessels, and occasional difficulty in defining the levels due to vanishment of the bony background image. MRM is a safe, noninvasive, nonionizing which in very effective in evaluating the lumbosacral disc disease. Use of FSE-MRM in addition to the routine MR imaging could be very helpful not only for better evaluation of nerve roots but also for the additional informations.

  8. First clinical results of minimally invasive vector lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-VLIF) in spondylodiscitis and concomitant osteoporosis: a technical note.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rieger, Bernhard; Jiang, Hongzhen; Ruess, Daniel; Reinshagen, Clemens; Molcanyi, Marek; Zivcak, Jozef; Tong, Huaiyu; Schackert, Gabriele

    2016-12-27

    First description of MIS-VLIF, a minimally invasive lumbar stabilization, to evaluate its safety and feasibility in patients suffering from weak bony conditions (lumbar spondylodiscitis and/or osteoporosis). After informed consent, 12 patients suffering from lumbar spondylodiscitis underwent single level MIS-VLIF. Eight of them had a manifest osteoporosis, either. Pre- and postoperative clinical status was documented using numeric rating scale (NRS) for leg and back pain. In all cases, the optimal height for the cage was preoperatively determined using software-based range of motion and sagittal balance analysis. CT scans were obtained to evaluate correct placement of the construct and to verify fusion after 6 months. Since 2013, 12 patients with lumbar pyogenic spondylodiscitis underwent MIS-VLIF. Mean surgery time was 169 ± 28 min and average blood loss was less than 400 ml. Postoperative CT scans showed correct placement of the implants. Eleven patients showed considerable postoperative improvement in clinical scores. In one patient, we observed screw loosening. After documented bony fusion in the CT scan, the fixation system was removed in two cases to achieve lower material load. The load-bearing trajectories (vectors) of MIS-VLIF are different from those of conventional coaxial pedicle screw implantation. The dorsally converging construct combines the heads of the dorsoventral pedicle screws with laminar pedicle screws following cortical bone structures within a small approach. In case of lumbar spondylodiscitis and/or osteoporosis, MIS-VLIF relies on cortical bony structures for all screw vectors and the construct does not depend on conventional coaxial pedicle screws in the presence of inflamed, weak, cancellous or osteoporotic bone. MIS-VLIF allows full 360° lumbar fusion including cage implantation via a small, unilateral dorsal midline approach.

  9. Minimal Access Spinal Technologies (Mast Fusion Procedures For The Treatment Of The Degenerative Lumbar Spine (A Part Of Multicentral Prospective Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khoshab A.H.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available A prospective multicentral observational study of minimally invasive fusion to treat degenerative lumbar disorders, and to report outcomes of one or two level minimally invasive posterior lumbar interbody fusion (MLIF for degenerative lumbar disorders in a multi-center 1-year prospective study. We prospectively studied a group of 32 patients, mostly female 24 ( 75% female , and 8 males ( 25%. They underwent minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (mTLIF, 21 of them monosegmental and 11 bisegmental. Patients demographics, intraoperative data and complications were recorded. Time to first ambulation, time to study-defined recovery, surgical duration, blood loss, fluoroscopy time and adverse events were recorded. Visual analogue scale (VAS of back and legs pain, Oswestry disability index (ODI and health-related questionnaire (EQ-5D were assessed preoperatively and at defined time points through 12 months postoperatively. Mean surgical duration, blood loss and intraoperative fluoroscopy time were 125 vs.175 minutes, 150 vs. 170 ml, and 105 vs. 145 seconds in one- and twolevel segments, respectively. Mean preoperative VAS back (6.5 and VAS leg (7.9 scores dropped significantly (p<0.0001 to 3.5 (2.6 and 2.1 (2.0 at discharge (6 weeks. At the end, this is the largest prospective multi-center observational study of MLIF to date, following routine local standard of practice and, MLIF demonstrated favourable clinical results with early and sustained improvement in patient reported outcomes and low major perioperative morbidity.

  10. Project Icarus: Nuclear Fusion Propulsion Concept Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanic, M.

    Project Icarus will use nuclear fusion as the primary propulsion, since achieving breakeven is imminent within the next decade. Therefore, fusion technology provides confidence in further development and fairly high technological maturity by the time the Icarus mission would be plausible. Currently there are numerous (over 2 dozen) different fusion approaches that are simultaneously being developed around the World and it is difficult to predict which of the concepts is going to be the most successful one. This study tried to estimate current technological maturity and possible technological extrapolation of fusion approaches for which appropriate data could be found. Figures of merit that were assessed include: current technological state, mass and volume estimates, possible gain values, main advantages and disadvantages of the concept and an attempt to extrapolate current technological state for the next decade or two. Analysis suggests that Magnetic Confinement Fusion (MCF) concepts are not likely to deliver sufficient performance due to size, mass, gain and large technological barriers of the concept. However, ICF and PJMIF did show potential for delivering necessary performance, assuming appropriate techno- logical advances. This paper is a submission of the Project Icarus Study Group.

  11. Comparison of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy and open lumbar surgery for adjacent segment degeneration and recurrent disc herniation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Huan-Chieh; Lee, Chih-Hsun; Wei, Li; Lui, Tai-Ngar; Lin, Tien-Jen

    2015-01-01

    Objective. The goal of the present study was to examine the clinical results of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD) and open lumbar surgery for patients with adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) and recurrence of disc herniation. Methods. From December 2011 to November 2013, we collected forty-three patients who underwent repeated lumbar surgery. These patients, either received PELD (18 patients) or repeated open lumbar surgery (25 patients), due to ASD or recurrence of disc herniation at L3-4, L4-5, or L5-S1 level, were assigned to different groups according to the surgical approaches. Clinical data were assessed and compared. Results. Mean blood loss was significantly less in the PELD group as compared to the open lumbar surgery group (P < 0.0001). Hospital stay and mean operating time were shorter significantly in the PELD group as compared to the open lumbar surgery group (P < 0.0001). Immediate postoperative pain improvement in VAS was 3.5 in the PELD group and -0.56 in the open lumbar surgery group (P < 0.0001). Conclusion. For ASD and recurrent lumbar disc herniation, PELD had more advantages over open lumbar surgery in terms of reduced blood loss, shorter hospital stay, operating time, fewer complications, and less postoperative discomfort.

  12. Comparison of Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy and Open Lumbar Surgery for Adjacent Segment Degeneration and Recurrent Disc Herniation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huan-Chieh Chen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. The goal of the present study was to examine the clinical results of percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (PELD and open lumbar surgery for patients with adjacent segment degeneration (ASD and recurrence of disc herniation. Methods. From December 2011 to November 2013, we collected forty-three patients who underwent repeated lumbar surgery. These patients, either received PELD (18 patients or repeated open lumbar surgery (25 patients, due to ASD or recurrence of disc herniation at L3-4, L4-5, or L5-S1 level, were assigned to different groups according to the surgical approaches. Clinical data were assessed and compared. Results. Mean blood loss was significantly less in the PELD group as compared to the open lumbar surgery group P<0.0001. Hospital stay and mean operating time were shorter significantly in the PELD group as compared to the open lumbar surgery group P<0.0001. Immediate postoperative pain improvement in VAS was 3.5 in the PELD group and −0.56 in the open lumbar surgery group P<0.0001. Conclusion. For ASD and recurrent lumbar disc herniation, PELD had more advantages over open lumbar surgery in terms of reduced blood loss, shorter hospital stay, operating time, fewer complications, and less postoperative discomfort.

  13. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion for lytic spondylolisthesis: restoration of sagittal balance using insert-and-rotate interbody spacers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sears, William

    2005-01-01

    The role of surgical correction of sagittal plane deformity in cases of lytic spondylolisthesis remains controversial. While some early evidence is emerging of the possible short- and long-term benefits of restoring spinal balance, many surgeons have been concerned about the associated risks. The insert-and-rotate posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) technique, first described by Jaslow in 1946, may enable surgeons to safely and effectively correct sagittal balance through a single posterior approach. To determine whether the focal kyphosis and subluxation associated with a lytic lumbosacral spondylolisthesis can be safely and effectively corrected using a single-stage posterior distraction/reduction technique and insert-and-rotate interbody fusion spacers. A prospective, single cohort, observational study of the clinical outcomes and retrospective radiological review, in a series of 18 consecutive patients with lytic spondylolisthesis Grades I to IV, operated between September 2000 and December 2002. Mean age of 50.2 years (range, 15.5 to 77.8 years). Principal indication for surgery was relief of radicular pain secondary to foraminal stenosis in 16 of 18 patients, and back pain was the principal symptom in 2 patients. Mean preoperative slip was 30.2% (range, 9% to 78%). Mean preoperative focal lordosis was 10.6 degrees (range, -12 to 33 degrees). Minimum 12-month follow-up was available on all patients except one, who died of unrelated causes after his 6-month visit. Patients completed Visual Analogue Pain Score (VAS), Low Back Outcome Score (LBOS), Short Form (SF)-12 and patient satisfaction questionnaires. Pre- and postoperative measurements of the percentage slip and lumbar lordosis of the involved segments were available on 13 patients. SURGICAL METHODS: Decompressive laminectomy was followed by reduction of the spondylolisthesis with the aid of intervertebral disc space spreaders and supplementary pedicle screw instrumentation. The vertebral bodies were

  14. Guideline update for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 5: correlation between radiographic outcome and function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhall, Sanjay S; Choudhri, Tanvir F; Eck, Jason C; Groff, Michael W; Ghogawala, Zoher; Watters, William C; Dailey, Andrew T; Resnick, Daniel K; Sharan, Alok; Mummaneni, Praveen V; Wang, Jeffrey C; Kaiser, Michael G

    2014-07-01

    In an effort to diminish pain or progressive instability, due to either the pathological process or as a result of surgical decompression, one of the primary goals of a fusion procedure is to achieve a solid arthrodesis. Assuming that pain and disability result from lost mechanical integrity of the spine, the objective of a fusion across an unstable segment is to eliminate pathological motion and improve clinical outcome. However, conclusive evidence of this correlation, between successful fusion and clinical outcome, remains elusive, and thus the necessity of documenting successful arthrodesis through radiographic analysis remains debatable. Although a definitive cause and effect relationship has not been demonstrated, there is moderate evidence that demonstrates a positive association between radiographic presence of fusion and improved clinical outcome. Due to this growing body of literature, it is recommended that strategies intended to enhance the potential for radiographic fusion are considered when performing a lumbar arthrodesis for degenerative spine disease.

  15. 经椎间孔行椎体间融合术治疗腰椎退行性疾病的临床分析%Clinical Analysis of Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion for the Treatment of Lumbar Degenerative Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴永忠

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the clinical curative effect of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease.Method:The clinical data of 60 patients with lumbar degenerative disease who were treated by transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in our hospital from January 2011 to May 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. And 65 patients with posterolateral lumbar fusion at the same time were compared and analyzed.Result:(1)The ODI dysfunction index and the VAS scores of waist and leg pain of patients in the two groups postoperative were significantly lower than those of preoperative(P<0.01),and the VAS scores of waist and leg pain of patients in the TLIF group postoperative were significantly lower than those of patients in the PLF group(P<0.05).(2)The postoperative osseous fusion rate of patients in the TLIF group was 100%,which was obviously higher than 86.15% of patients in the PLF group,the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).(3)The lumbar lordosis angle and relative height of intervertebral disc in the two groups postoperative were significantly improved compared with preoperative,and the lumbar lordosis angle and relative intervertebral disc height in the TLIF group were increased obviously compared with the PLF group,the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:The transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and posterolateral lumbar fusion have preferable clinical curative effects for patients with lumbar degenerative diseases, but the extent of the waist and leg pain relief,convergence rate and intervertebral height adjustment of patients by the transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion are superior than those of patients by posterolateral lumbar fusion,so will the transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion can be regarded as a optimizing operation scheme for lumbar degenerative disease.%目的:探讨经椎间孔行椎体间融合术对腰椎退行性疾病的临床疗效。方法:对本院2011年1

  16. Sagittal spinal balance after lumbar spinal fusion: the impact of anterior column support results from a randomized clinical trial with an eight- to thirteen-year radiographic follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Videbaek, Tina S; Bünger, Cody E; Henriksen, Mads; Neils, Egund; Christensen, Finn B

    2011-02-01

    Randomized clinical trial. To analyze the long-term clinical impact of anterior column support on sagittal balance after lumbar spinal fusion. Several investigators have stressed the importance of maintaining sagittal balance in relation to spinal fusion to avoid lumbar 'flat back,' accelerated adjacent segment degeneration, pain, and inferior functional outcome. Only limited evidence exists on how sagittal alignment affects clinical outcome. Anterior lumbar interbody fusion combined with posterolateral fusion has been proved superior to posterolateral fusion alone regarding outcome and cost-effectiveness. No randomized controlled trial has been published analyzing the effect of anterior support on radiographic measurements of sagittal balance. Between 1996 and 1999, 148 patients with severe chronic low back pain were randomly selected for posterolateral lumbar fusion plus anterior support (PLF + ALIF) or posterolateral lumbar fusion. A total of 92 patients participated. Sagittal balance parameters were examined on full lateral radiographs of the spine: pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slope, thoracic kyphosis, lumbar lordosis, and positioning of C7 plumb line. The type of lumbar lordosis was evaluated and outcome assessed by Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). Follow-up rate was 74%. Sagittal balance parameters were similar between randomization groups. None of the parameters differed significantly between patients with an ODI from 0 to 40 and patients with ODI over 40. Balanced patients had a significantly superior outcome as measured by ODI (P sagittal balance parameters was seen between patients treated with PLF + ALIF or posterolateral fusion alone. Lumbar lordosis and type of lordosis correlated with outcome but could not explain the superior outcome in the group with anterior support. Whether sagittal balance and anterior support during fusion provide a protective effect on adjacent motion segments remains unclear.

  17. The Negligible Influence of Chronic Obesity on Hospitalization, Clinical Status, and Complications in Elective Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olaf Suess

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF is a common surgical treatment for degenerative spinal instability, but many surgeons consider obesity a contraindication for elective spinal fusion. The aim of this study was to analyze whether obesity has any influence on hospitalization parameters, change in clinical status, or complications. Methods. In this prospective study, regression analysis was used to analyze the influence of the body mass index (BMI on operating time, postoperative care, hospitalization time, type of postdischarge care, change in paresis or sensory deficits, pain level, wound complications, cerebrospinal fluid leakage, and implant complications. Results. Operating time increased only 2.5 minutes for each increase of BMI by 1. The probability of having a wound complication increased statistically with rising BMI. Nonetheless, BMI accounted for very little of the variation in the data, meaning that other factors or random chances play a much larger role. Conclusions. Obesity has to be considered a risk factor for wound complications in patients undergoing elective PLIF for degenerative instability. However, BMI showed no significant influence on other kinds of peri- or postoperative complications, nor clinical outcomes. So obesity cannot be considered a contraindication for elective PLIF.

  18. Meta-analysis of lumbar posterolateral fusion versus circumferential fusion in the treatment of the lumbar disease%腰椎后外侧融合与360°融合的系统评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔璀; 朱悦; 韩秀鑫

    2009-01-01

    目的 对腰椎后外侧融合与360°融合治疗腰椎疾病的疗效进行系统对比评价.方法 计算机检索MEDLINE(1966.1-2007.12,Ovid检索平台)、EMBASE(1984.1-2007.12)、Cochrance Central Register of Controlled Trial(4th Quarter 2007)、中国生物医学文献数据库(1986.1-2007.12)等,手工检索Spine、European SPine Jurnal、The Journat of Bone and Joint Surgery、、、等相关期刊,检索两种融合术式的相关病例研究结果、综述等相关内容,并评价纳入研究的方法学质量,采用RevMan 5.0,5.0软件对总体疗效、融合率、二次手术率、并发症发生率、平均手术时间、手术出血量进行荟萃分析.结果 有4个临床随机对照试验(RCT)符合纳入标准,共437例患者.在融合率[OR 0.47,95%CI(0.24,0.94)]、并发症发生率[OR 0.53,95%CI(0.32,0.87)]、术中出血量[加权均数差值(WMD)=-349.95,95%CI(-561.64,-138.26)]方面,360°融合组要高于后外侧融合组,差异具有统计学意义(P=0.030、0.010、0.001);在二次手术率[OR 2.28,95%CI(1.30,3.98)]方面,后外侧融合组要高于360°融合组,差异具有统计学意义(P=0.004);在总体疗效[OR 1.04,95%CI(0.64,1.68)]和手术时间[WMD=-90.24,95%CI(-190.20,9.71)]上,两组差异无统计学意义(P=0.870、0.080).结论 360°融合组相比于后外侧融合组,能显著提高融合率,降低二次手术率,但并发症、术中出血量也显著高于后者.本研究结果尚需要多中心大样本RCT进一步证实.%Objective To evaluate the efficacy of lumbar posterolateral fusion versus circumferential fusion in the treatment of the lumbar disease. Methods Searched MEDLINE(January, 1966 to December, 2007), EMBASE (January, 1984 to December, 2007), Coehrance Central Register of Controlled Trial (4th Quarter 2007), The China Biological Medicine Database (1984 to December, 2007), and hand searched several related journals, such as Spine, European Spine Journal, The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Chinese

  19. Posterolateral instrumented fusion with and without transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of adult isthmic spondylolisthesis: A randomized clinical trial with 2-year follow-up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Etemadifar

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Spondylolisthesis is a common cause of surgery in patients with lower back pain. Although posterolateral fusion and pedicle screw fixation are a relatively common treatment method for the treatment of spondylolisthesis, controversy exists about the necessity of adding interbody fusion to posterolateral fusion. The aim of our study was to assess the functional disability, pain, and complications in patients with spondylolisthesis treated by posterolateral instrumented fusion (PLF with and without transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF in a randomized clinical trial. Materials and Methods: From February 2007 to February 2011, 50 adult patients with spondylolisthesis were randomly assigned to be treated with PLF or PLF+TLIF techniques (25 patients in each group by a single surgeon. Back pain, leg pain, and disability were assessed before treatment and until 2 years after surgical treatment using visual analog scale (VAS and oswestry disability index (ODI. Patients were also evaluated for postoperative complications such as infection, neurological complications, and instrument failure. Results: All patients completed the 24 months of follow-up. Twenty patients were females and 30 were males. Average age of the patients was 53 ± 11 years for the PLF group and 51 ± 13 for the PLF + TLIF group. Back pain, leg pain, and disability score were significantly improved postoperatively compared to preoperative scores (P < 0.001. At 3 months of follow-up, there was no statistically significant difference in VAS score for back pain and leg pain in both groups; however, after 6 months and 1 year and 2 years follow-up, the reported scores for back pain and leg pain were significantly lower in the PLF+TLIF group (P < 0.05. The ODI score was also significantly lower in the PLF+TLIF group at 1 year and 2 years of follow-up (P < 0.05. One screw breakage and one superficial infection occurred in the PLF+TLIF group, which had no statistical

  20. Surgeons' exposure to radiation in single- and multi-level minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion; a prospective study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haruki Funao

    Full Text Available Although minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF has widely been developed in patients with lumbar diseases, surgeons risk exposure to fluoroscopic radiation. However, to date, there is no studies quantifying the effective dose during MIS-TLIF procedure, and the radiation dose distribution is still unclear. In this study, the surgeons' radiation doses at 5 places on the bodies were measured and the effective doses were assessed during 31 consecutive 1- to 3-level MIS-TLIF surgeries. The operating surgeon, assisting surgeon, and radiological technologist wore thermoluminescent dosimeter on the unshielded thyroid, chest, genitals, right middle finger, and on the chest beneath a lead apron. The doses at the lens and the effective doses were also calculated. Mean fluoroscopy times were 38.7, 53.1, and 58.5 seconds for 1, 2, or 3 fusion levels, respectively. The operating surgeon's mean exposures at the lens, thyroid, chest, genitals, finger, and the chest beneath the shield, respectively, were 0.07, 0.07, 0.09, 0.14, 0.32, and 0.05 mSv in 1-level MIS-TLIF; 0.07, 0.08, 0.09, 0.18, 0.34, and 0.05 mSv in 2-level; 0.08, 0.09, 0.14, 0.15, 0.36, and 0.06 mSv in 3-level; and 0.07, 0.08, 0.10, 0.15, 0.33, and 0.05 mSv in all cases. Mean dose at the operating surgeon's right finger was significantly higher than other measurements parts (P<0.001. The operating surgeon's effective doses (0.06, 0.06, and 0.07 mSv for 1, 2, and 3 fusion levels were low, and didn't differ significantly from those of the assisting surgeon or radiological technologist. Revision MIS-TLIF was not associated with higher surgeons' radiation doses compared to primary MIS-TLIF. There were significantly higher surgeons' radiation doses in over-weight than in normal-weight patients. The surgeons' radiation exposure during MIS-TLIF was within the safe level by the International Commission on Radiological Protection's guidelines. The accumulated radiation exposure

  1. Risk factors for poor patient-reported quality of life outcomes after posterior lumbar interbody fusion: An analysis of two-year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makino, Takahiro; Kaito, Takashi; Fujiwara, Hiroyasu; Honda, Hirotsugu; Sakai, Yusuke; Takenaka, Shota; Yoshikawa, Hideki; Yonenobu, Kazuo

    2017-02-28

    A retrospective review of prospectively collected data. This study aimed to identify risk factors for poor patient-reported quality of life (QOL) outcomes, based on five categories (pain-related disorders, lumbar spine dysfunction, gait disturbance, social life dysfunction, and psychological disorders) of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association Back Pain Evaluation Questionnaire (JOABPEQ), after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) at the two-year follow-up. Many studies have been reported on patient QOL outcomes after lumbar surgery; however, few reports have focused on risk factors for poor postoperative QOL outcomes in terms of the various disabilities and dysfunctions after PLIF. One hundred consecutive patients (39 men and 61 women; mean age 69.6 [44-84] years) who underwent single- or two-level PLIF for degenerative spondylolisthesis and/or foraminal stenosis with a two-year follow-up were included. The effectiveness of surgery in each category of the JOABPEQ was evaluated. Demographic and clinical data and radiographic parameters were reviewed. Risk factors for poor postoperative QOL outcomes in each category of the JOABPEQ were investigated by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Older age and spinopelvic malalignment (preoperative high pelvic tilt or postoperative decrease in lumbar lordosis [= postoperative increase in the mismatch between pelvic incidence and lumbar lordosis]) were risk factors for poor postoperative QOL outcomes in all categories of the JOABPEQ, except for lumbar spine dysfunction. In contrast, increase in number of PLIF segments, non-union, and radiographic adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) were risk factors for poor postoperative QOL outcomes in lumbar spine dysfunction and gait disturbance. The risk factors for poor QOL outcomes after PLIF differed among the five categories of the JOABPEQ. In particular, surgery-related factors (e.g., increase in number of PLIF segments, non-union, and radiographic ASD) had a negative impact

  2. Incremental Hospital Cost and Length-of-Stay Associated With Treating Adverse Events Among Medicare Beneficiaries Undergoing Lumbar Spinal Fusion During Fiscal Year 2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culler, Steven D; Jevsevar, David S; Shea, Kevin G; McGuire, Kevin J; Schlosser, Michael; Wright, Kimberly K; Simon, April W

    2016-10-15

    A retrospective study. To report the incremental hospital resource consumption associated with treating selected adverse events experienced by Medicare beneficiaries undergoing a two- or three-level lumbar spinal fusion. Hospitals are increasingly at financial risk for the incremental resources consumed in treating patients experiencing adverse events because of public and private third-party payers' efforts to base hospital reimbursement on "pay for performance" measures. However, little is known about average incremental resources consumed in treating patients experiencing adverse events following lumbar spinal fusions. The 2013 fiscal year Medicare Provider Analysis and Review file was used to identify 83,658 Medicare beneficiaries who underwent two- or three vertebrae-level lumbar spinal fusion. International Classification of Diseases-9th-Clinical Modification diagnostic and procedure codes were used to identify the frequencies of nine adverse events. This study estimated both the observed and risk-adjusted incremental hospital resources consumed (cost and length of stay [LOS]) in treating Medicare beneficiaries experiencing each adverse event. Overall, 17.7% of Medicare beneficiaries undergoing lumbar spinal fusion experienced at least one of the study's adverse events. Medicare beneficiaries experiencing any complication consumed significantly more hospital resources (incremental cost of $8911) and had longer LOS (incremental stays of 5.7 days). After adjusting for patient demographics and comorbid conditions, incremental cost of treating adverse events ranged from a high of $32,049 (infection) to a low of $9976 (transfusion). Adverse events frequently occur and add substantially to the hospital resource costs of patients undergoing spinal fusion. Shared decision-making instruments should clearly provide these risk estimates to the patient before surgical consideration. Investment in activities that have been shown to reduce specific adverse events is

  3. Comparison of three aids for teaching lumbar surgical anatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, S; Mitchell, P

    2013-08-01

    Reduced surgeons' training time has resulted in a need to increase the speed of learning. Currently, anatomy education involves traditional (textbooks, physical models, cadaveric dissection/prosection) and recent (electronic) techniques. As yet there are no available data comparing their performance. The performance of three anatomical training aids at teaching the surgical anatomy of the lumbar spinal was compared. The aids used were paper-based images, a three-dimensional plastic model and a semitransparent computer model. Fifty one study subjects were recruited from a population of junior doctors, nurses, medical and nursing students. Three study groups were created which differed in the order of presenting the aids. For each subject, spinal anatomy was revised by the investigator, teaching them the anatomy using each aid. They were specifically taught the locations of the intervertebral disc, pedicles and nerve roots in the lateral recesses. They then drew these structures on a response sheet (three response sheets per subject). The computer model was the best at allowing subjects accurately to determine structure location followed by the paper-based images, the plastic model was the worst. Accuracy improved with successive models used but this trend was not significant. Subjects were not versed in spinal anatomy beforehand, so meaningful baseline measures were not available. The educational performance of surgical anatomical training aids can be measured and compared. A computer generated 3 dimensional model gave the best results with paper-based images second and the plastic model third.

  4. Fusion rate and clinical outcome in anterior lumbar interbody fusion with beta-tricalcium phosphate and bone marrow aspirate as a bone graft substitute. A prospective clinical study in fifty patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lechner, Ricarda; Putzer, David; Liebensteiner, Michael; Bach, Christian; Thaler, Martin

    2017-02-01

    Bone graft substitutes have been successfully used in posterolateral lumbar fusion, anterior cervical fusion and animal studies. This study has been conducted to assess the safety and efficacy of β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) in instrumented anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) procedure. In a prospective clinical study, ALIF cages were prefilled with β-TCP and additionally fixated with posterior pedicle screw. Computed tomography (CT) and X-rays were performed one year after surgery. Fusion was assessed and functional status was evaluated before and one year after surgery. X-ray evaluation showed a definite fusion in 85.48 % of treated levels. CT assessment showed anterior and posterior intersegemental bone bridging in 77.78 % of treated levels. The X-ray fusion rate presented is comparable with those published for ALIF procedures with bone graft. Fusion rates β-TCP are similar to autologous bone. ALIF with β-TCP and additional posterior fixation is a safe and effective procedure.

  5. Biomechanical comparison between concentrated, follower, and muscular loads of the lumbar column.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shih, Kao-Shang; Weng, Pei-Wei; Lin, Shang-Chih; Chen, Yi-Tzu; Cheng, Cheng-Kung; Lee, Chian-Her

    2016-10-01

    Experimental and numerical methods have been extensively used to simulate the lumbar kinematics and mechanics. One of the basic parameters is the lumbar loads. In the literature, both concentrated and distributed loads have been assumed to simulate the in vivo lumbar loads. However, the inconsistent loads between those studies exist and make the comparison of their results controversial. Using finite-element method, this study aimed to numerically compare the effects of the concentrated, follower, and muscular loads on the lumbar biomechanics during flexion. Two conditions of equivalent and simple constraints were simulated. The equivalent condition assumes the identical flexion at the L1 level and loads at the L5 level for the three types of loads. Another condition is to remove such kinematic and mechanical constraints on the lumbar. The comparison indices were flexed profile, distributed stress, and transferred loads of the discs and vertebrae at the different levels. The results showed that the three modes in the equivalent condition show the nearly same flexed profiles. In the simple condition, however, the L1 vertebra of the concentrated mode anteriorly translates about 3 and 5 times that of the follower and muscular mode, respectively. By contrast, the flexion profiles of the follower and muscular are comparable. In the equivalent condition, all modes consistently show the gradually increasing stress and loads toward the caudal levels. The results of both concentrated and muscular modes exhibit the quite comparable trends and even magnitudes. In the simple condition, however, the removal of flexion and load constraints makes the results of the concentrated mode significantly different from its counterparts. In both conditions, the predictedindices of the follower mode are more uniform along the lumbar. In conclusion, the kinematic and mechanical constraints significantly affect the profile, stress, and loads of the three modes. In the equivalent condition

  6. Minimally invasive versusopen transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for lumbar degenerative disease:a meta-analysis%微小切口与经椎间孔腰椎融合治疗腰椎退行性病的Meta分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冉兵; 严磊; 赵晓蕾; 谢远龙; 蔡林

    2014-01-01

    背景:大量研究已证实微小切口与开放经椎间孔腰椎椎间融合治疗单节段和多节段腰椎退行性疾病均有较好的疗效,但两种治疗方法的优劣目前尚无定论。  目的:系统评价微小切口与开放经椎间孔腰椎椎间融合治疗腰椎退行性疾病的疗效及安全性。  方法:计算机检索 The Cochrane Library(2014年第2期)、PubMed、EMbase、MEDLINE、SCI、CNKI、CBM、WanFang Data,检索时限为到2014年2月;收集采用微小切口与开放经椎间孔腰椎椎间融合治疗腰椎退行性疾病的随机或非随机同期对照试验。由2名评价者按照纳入与排除标准选择试验、提取资料和评价质量后,采用RevMan 5.2软件进行Meta分析。  结果与结论:纳入1个随机对照试验,18个非随机对照试验,共1400例患者。Meta分析结果显示,与传统开放经椎间孔腰椎椎间融合相比,微小切口经椎间孔腰椎椎间融合具有椎旁肌损伤小,出血量少,住院时间短,早期疗效好,腰痛远期缓解率高等优点;但是微小切口经椎间孔腰椎椎间融合在改善远期运动功能,远期腿痛缓解率,减少并发症方面并不优于开放经椎间孔腰椎椎间融合治疗;且手术时间更长。因此,在严格掌握适应证的前提下,采用微小切口经椎间孔腰椎椎间融合能较好解决腰椎退行性疾病患者的病痛。由于纳入研究数量和质量存在局限性,上述结论仍需大样本、高质量的随机对照试验进一步验证。临床应根据患者的具体情况,综合评估病情,选择最佳治疗方案。%BACKGROUND:A large number of studies have confirmed that minimaly invasive and open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion approaches for single-segment and multi-segment lumbar degenerative diseases were effective, but their advantages and disadvantages remain inconclusive. OBJECTIVE:To systematicaly evaluate the effectiveness

  7. 微创经椎间孔腰椎椎体间融合术与传统后路腰椎椎体间融合术治疗腰椎退变性疾病的疗效及并发症比较%A comparative study on the curative effect and complications of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and tradi-tional posterior lumbar interbody fusion in treatment of lumbar degenerative disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯建宏; 辛欣

    2016-01-01

    Objective To compare the curative effect and complications of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and traditional posterior lumbar fusion in treatment of patients with lumbar degenerative disease. Methods The clinical data of 158 patients with lum-bar degenerative disease,including 83 cases by using traditional posterior lumbar interbody fusion as control group,and remaining 75 cases by u-sing minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in observation group were retrospectively analyzed. The situations of therapeutic effect and complications in patients of these two groups had been compared. Results The amount of intraoperative blood loss and postoperative drainage in patients of observation group were better than those of patients in control group( P 0. 05). Conclusion The rates of efficay of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and tradi-tional posterior lumbar interbody fusion in treatment of patients with lumbar degenerative disease are similar,but the former has higher safety with less invasive,less blood loss,less drainage and less complications.%目的:比较微创经椎间孔腰椎椎体间融合术与传统后路腰椎椎体间融合术治疗腰椎退变性疾病的临床效果和并发症情况。方法回顾性分析158例腰椎退变性疾病患者的临床资料,其中83例行传统后路腰椎椎体间融合术设为对照组,余75例行微创经椎间孔腰椎椎体间融合术设为观察组;比较两组患者的治疗效果和并发症情况。结果观察组的术中出血量、术后引流量少于对照组( P 0.05)。结论微创经椎间孔腰椎椎体间融合术与传统后路腰椎椎体间融合术治疗腰椎退变性疾病的疗效类似,但前者手术损伤更小,出血量与引流量更少,神经损伤发生率更低,具有较高安全性。

  8. Incidence and risk of delayed surgical site infection following instrumented lumbar spine fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewkonia, Peter; DiPaola, Christian; Street, John

    2016-01-01

    We reviewed a retrospective case series of patients with delayed infections after spinal fusion, and surveyed medical experts in Canada and the USA regarding their use of prophylactic antibiotics for patients undergoing invasive procedures following spine surgery. Infections after spinal fusion are a relatively common complication, which typically occur early in the postoperative period. Infections which occur more than 3months from the index procedure are rare and are often caused by atypical pathogens. The proportion of infections that required debridement and occurred 6 months after the index procedure was 4.3% (7/162). Over 85% of these infections were polymicrobial, with one third of those containing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The most common operative indications were either trauma or tumour, and most patients with a delayed infection had a distant chronic infection. The majority of spine experts do not routinely recommend prophylactic antibiotics for invasive procedures after spine fusion. In the multivariate analysis, experts were more likely to recommend antibiotics for patients undergoing a non-dental procedure, those who were diabetic, and those who were greater than 1year out from their procedure. In summary, the delayed presentation of infection after instrumented spinal fusion is a rare but serious complication. However, due to its infrequency, routine prophylaxis to prevent haematogenous seeding is likely unnecessary. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. [Effects of different pelvic incidence minus lumbar lordosis mismatch after long posterior instrumentation and fusion for adult degenerative scoliosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, X Y; Hai, Y; Zhang, X N

    2017-06-01

    Objective: To evaluate the influence of PI-LL (pelvic incidence minus lumbar lordosis mismatch) on scoliosis correction, living quality and internal fixation related complications for adult degenerative scoliosis (ASD) after long posterior instrumentation and fusion. Methods: A total of 79 patients with ADS underwent long posterior instrumentation and fusion in the Department of Orthopedics at Beijing Chao Yang Hospital from January 2010 to January 2014 were retrospectively reviewed.There were 21 males and 58 females aging from 55 to 72 years with the mean age (63.4±4.8)years. The patients were divided into three groups according to immediately postoperative PI-LL: PI-LL20°.Compare the Cobb's angles, PI-LL, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and Lumbar Stiffness Disability Index (LSDI). Measurement data were compared via t test and ANOVA, enumeration data were compared via Kruskal-Wallis test, noncontiguous data was performed by χ(2) test. Univariate linear regression equation was performed to investigate the relative influences of postoperative PI-LL on postoperative radiographic parameters and clinical outcome. Results: All the operations were successful without intraoperative complications. The operation time was 145-310 minutes (235.3±42.0) minutes, the intraoperative blood loss was 300-5 300 ml (1 021±787) ml, the duration of hospital was 12-18 d (14.5±1.3) d. A total of 4 to 10 (7.0±1.1) vertebra levels were fused. Compared to preoperative, the Cobb's angle of scoliosis ((4.2±1.8)° vs. (20.1±2.7)°), PI-LL ((16.1±8.6)° vs. (36.0±4.3)°), JOA (3.0±1.3 vs. 5.5±1.2), ODI (24.4±8.1 vs. 62.9±2.7), VAS (3.0±1.0 vs. 6.8±1.3) were significantly decreased postoperative (t=18.539~53.826, Pscoliosis ((4.1±2.7)° vs. (19.5±2.7)°, (4.0±1.4)° vs. (20.2±2.4)°, (4.7±0.9)° vs. (20.6±3.0)°) (t=21.148-45.355, P20° group. Compared to preoperative, ODI (27.7±4.9 vs. 63.3±2.6, 17

  10. Endoscopic transforaminal lumbar decompression, interbody fusion and pedicle screw fixation——a report of 42 cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Yue; ZHANG Chao; WANG Jian; CHU Tong-wei; LI Chang-qing; ZHANG Zheng-feng; ZHENG Wen-jie

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the surgical procedure of endoscopic transforminal discectomy, bone grafting and Dynalok pedicle screw fixation under X-Tube operation system in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation combined with segmental instability and/or pars defected spondylolithesis. Methods: From June 2004 to May 2006, 42 patients with classic features of lumbar disc herniation combined with segmental instability and/or pars defected spondylolithesis underwent endoscopic transforminal lumbar interbody fusion TLIF. Under the guidance of fluoroscopy, a 2.8 to 3.0 cm incision with 4.5 to 5.0 cm apart from the posterior middle line was made on the symptomatic side and the working portal X-Tube was docked unilaterally on the facet joint. A total facetectomy was then performed to expose neural foramina and nerve root. Discectomy and endplate preparation were completed through the tube. A Telamon cage was placed obliquely into the intervertebral space after interbody grafting, and then the Dynalok pedicle screw fixation sys- tem was performed. This procedure was accomplished on the lateral side when it is necessary. Results: Clinical outcomes were determined using the Oswestry Disability Index ODI which revealed that 62.2% of patients got excellent results, 29.2% good and 8.6% fair. The average hospital stay was 12.5 days 5-25 days. Operation time averaged 240 min 110-320 min, blood loss averaged 140 ml 80-420 ml and incision length averaged 3 cm 2.8-3.2 cm. Five patients had complications including wound infection in 1 case, incision dehiscence and focal skin necrosis in 1, progressive radicular pain of contralat-eral leg in 1 and residual radicular numbness after transient radicular pain in 2. Conclusions: This surgical procedure of endoscopic transforminal diskectomy, bone grafting, cage placement and pedicle screw fixation can be effectively accomplished under X-Tube operation system with predominant benefits such as small incision, less stripping of paraspinal muscles

  11. Guideline update for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 3: assessment of economic outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghogawala, Zoher; Whitmore, Robert G; Watters, William C; Sharan, Alok; Mummaneni, Praveen V; Dailey, Andrew T; Choudhri, Tanvir F; Eck, Jason C; Groff, Michael W; Wang, Jeffrey C; Resnick, Daniel K; Dhall, Sanjay S; Kaiser, Michael G

    2014-07-01

    A comprehensive economic analysis generally involves the calculation of indirect and direct health costs from a societal perspective as opposed to simply reporting costs from a hospital or payer perspective. Hospital charges for a surgical procedure must be converted to cost data when performing a cost-effectiveness analysis. Once cost data has been calculated, quality-adjusted life year data from a surgical treatment are calculated by using a preference-based health-related quality-of-life instrument such as the EQ-5D. A recent cost-utility analysis from a single study has demonstrated the long-term (over an 8-year time period) benefits of circumferential fusions over stand-alone posterolateral fusions. In addition, economic analysis from a single study has found that lumbar fusion for selected patients with low-back pain can be recommended from an economic perspective. Recent economic analysis, from a single study, finds that femoral ring allograft might be more cost-effective compared with a specific titanium cage when performing an anterior lumbar interbody fusion plus posterolateral fusion.

  12. 改良的腰椎后路植骨融合术治疗腰椎退行性疾病的疗效%Modified Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion for Lumbar Degenerative Diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高松; 马勇; 张斌; 刘远

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨改良的腰椎后路椎间植骨融合术治疗腰椎退行性疾病的临床疗效。方法对76例腰椎退行性疾病患者均采用改良的腰椎后路椎间植骨融合术治疗,并采用视觉模拟评分(VAS)法、日本骨科协会评估治疗分数(JOA)评分法对76例患者术前、术后随访3个月时进行VAS、JOA评分。术后随访1年,行X线检查,同时观察植骨融合率的情况。结果76例患者术后随访3个月VAS得分明显低于术前、JOA得分明显高于术前(P<0.05)。术后随访1年,X线检查示76例患者植骨块无明显移位,无断钉、断棒和松动;植骨融合率为97.4%(74/76)。结论改良的腰椎后路椎间植骨融合术是治疗腰椎退行性疾病的一种有效方法。%Objective To explore the clinical efficacy of modified posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases. Methods Seventy-six patients with lumbar degenerative diseases were treated with the modified PLIF. The clinical outcomes were evaluated by visual analog scale (VAS) and Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scores before and 3 months after operation. The rate of fusion was measured by X-ray 1 year after operation. Results VAS scores decreased and JOA scores increased after operation (P<0.05). No obvious bone graft displacement, screw breakage, rod breakage and screw loosening were found in all patients after 1 year of follow-up. The bone graft fusion rate was 97.4%(74/76).Conclusion The modified posterior lumbar interbody fusion is effective for lumbar degenerative diseases.

  13. Biomechanical analysis of a newly developed shape memory alloy hook in a transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF in vitro model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xi Wang

    Full Text Available The objective of this biomechanical study was to evaluate the stability provided by a newly developed shape memory alloy hook (SMAH in a cadaveric transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF model.Six human cadaveric spines (L1-S2 were tested in an in vitro flexibility experiment by applying pure moments of ±8 Nm in flexion/extension, left/right lateral bending, and left/right axial rotation. After intact testing, a TLIF was performed at L4-5. Each specimen was tested for the following constructs: unilateral SMAH (USMAH; bilateral SMAH (BSMAH; unilateral pedicle screws and rods (UPS; and bilateral pedicle screws and rods (BPS. The L3-L4, L4-L5, and L5-S1 range of motion (ROM were recorded by a Motion Analysis System.Compared to the other constructs, the BPS provided the most stability. The UPS significantly reduced the ROM in extension/flexion and lateral bending; the BSMAH significantly reduced the ROM in extension/flexion, lateral bending, and axial rotation; and the USMAH significantly reduced the ROM in flexion and left lateral bending compared with the intact spine (p0.05. Stability provided by the USMAH compared with the UPS was not significantly different. ROMs of adjacent segments increased in all fixed constructs (p>0.05.Bilateral SMAH fixation can achieve immediate stability after L4-5 TLIF in vitro. Further studies are required to determine whether the SMAH can achieve fusion in vivo and alleviate adjacent segment degeneration.

  14. Biomechanical Analysis of a Newly Developed Shape Memory Alloy Hook in a Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion (TLIF) In Vitro Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xi; Xu, Jing; Zhu, Yuexing; Li, Jiukun; Zhou, Si; Tian, Shunliang; Xiang, Yucheng; Liu, Xingmo; Zheng, Ying; Pan, Tao

    2014-01-01

    Objective The objective of this biomechanical study was to evaluate the stability provided by a newly developed shape memory alloy hook (SMAH) in a cadaveric transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) model. Methods Six human cadaveric spines (L1-S2) were tested in an in vitro flexibility experiment by applying pure moments of ±8 Nm in flexion/extension, left/right lateral bending, and left/right axial rotation. After intact testing, a TLIF was performed at L4-5. Each specimen was tested for the following constructs: unilateral SMAH (USMAH); bilateral SMAH (BSMAH); unilateral pedicle screws and rods (UPS); and bilateral pedicle screws and rods (BPS). The L3–L4, L4–L5, and L5-S1 range of motion (ROM) were recorded by a Motion Analysis System. Results Compared to the other constructs, the BPS provided the most stability. The UPS significantly reduced the ROM in extension/flexion and lateral bending; the BSMAH significantly reduced the ROM in extension/flexion, lateral bending, and axial rotation; and the USMAH significantly reduced the ROM in flexion and left lateral bending compared with the intact spine (p0.05). Stability provided by the USMAH compared with the UPS was not significantly different. ROMs of adjacent segments increased in all fixed constructs (p>0.05). Conclusions Bilateral SMAH fixation can achieve immediate stability after L4–5 TLIF in vitro. Further studies are required to determine whether the SMAH can achieve fusion in vivo and alleviate adjacent segment degeneration. PMID:25474112

  15. Effect of hyperbaric oxygen on mesenchymal stem cells for lumbar fusion in vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Song-Shu

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO therapy has been proved in improving bone healing, but its effects on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs in vivo is not clear. The aims of this study are to clarify whether the HBO therapy has the same enhancing effect on MSCs with regard to bone formation and maturation and to ascertain whether the transplanted MSCs survive in the grafted area and contribute to new bone formation. Methods Twenty-three adult rabbits underwent posterolateral fusion at L4-L5 level. The animals were divided into three groups according to the material implanted and subsequent treatment: (1 Alginate carrier (n = 6; (2 Alginate-MSCs composite (n = 11; and (3 Alginate-MSCs composite with HBO therapy (n = 6. After 12 weeks, spine fusion was examined using radiographic examination, manual testing, and histological examination. Using a PKH fluorescence labeling system, whether the transplanted MSCs survived and contributed to new bone formation in the grafted area after HBO therapy was also examined. Results The bilateral fusion areas in each animal were evaluated independently. By radiographic examination and manual palpation, union for the Alginate, Alginate-MSCs, and Alginate-MSCs-HBO groups was 0 of 12, 10 of 22, and 6 of 12 respectively. The difference between the Alginate-MSCs and Alginate-MSCs-HBO groups was not significant (P = 0.7997. The fluorescence microscopy histological analysis indicated that the transplanted PKH67-labeled MSCs survived and partly contributed to new bone formation in the grafted area. Conclusions This study demonstrated that the preconditioned MSCs could survive and yield bone formation in the grafted area. HBO therapy did not enhance the osteogenic ability of MSCs and improve the success of spine fusion in the rabbit model. Although there was no significant effect of HBO therapy on MSCs for spine fusion, the study encourages us to research a more basic approach for determining the optimal oxygen tension

  16. Less invasive corrective surgery using oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) including L5-S1 fusion for severe lumbar kyphoscoliosis due to L4 compression fracture in a patient with Parkinson's disease: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakita, Hiromasa; Shiga, Yasuhiro; Ohtori, Seiji; Kubota, Go; Inage, Kazuhide; Sainoh, Takeshi; Sato, Jun; Fujimoto, Kazuki; Yamauchi, Kazuyo; Nakamura, Junichi; Takahashi, Kazuhisa; Toyone, Tomoaki; Aoki, Yasuchika; Inoue, Gen; Miyagi, Masayuki; Orita, Sumihisa

    2015-04-07

    Corrective surgery for kyphoscoliosis patients tend to be highly invasive due to osteotomy. The present case introduce less invasive corrective surgery using anterior oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) technique. An 80-year-old Japanese man with a history of Parkinson's disease presented to our hospital because of severe kyphoscoliosis and gait disturbance. Considering the postsurgical complications due to osteotomy, we performed an anterior-posterior combined corrective fusion surgery: OLIF of Lumbar (L) 2-3, L3-4, and L4-5 (Medtronic Sofamor Danek, Memphis, TN, USA) followed by L5-Sacral (S) 1 anterior lumbar fusion via the OLIF approach using an anterior intervertebral cage, and posterior L3-4 and L4-5 facetectomy and posterior fusion using percutaneous pedicle screws from Thoracic (T) 10 to S1 with a T-9 hook system. The surgery was performed in a less invasive manner with no osteotomy, and it improved the sagittal alignments with moderate restoration, which improved the patient's posture and gait disturbance. The patient showed transient muscle weakness of proximal lower extremity contralateral side to the surgical site, which fully recovered by physical rehabilitation 3 months after the surgery. The surgical corrective procedure using the minimally invasive OLIF method including L5-S1 fusion showed a great advantage in treating degenerative kyphoscoliosis in a Parkinson's disease patient in its less-invasive approac.

  17. Lumbar disc arthroplasty with Maverick disc versus stand-alone interbody fusion: a prospective, randomized, controlled, multicenter investigational device exemption trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gornet, Matthew F; Burkus, J Kenneth; Dryer, Randall F; Peloza, John H

    2011-12-01

    Randomized, controlled, multicenter, investigational device exemption trial. To investigate the safety and effectiveness of the first two-piece, metal-on-metal lumbar disc prosthesis for treating patients with single-level degenerative disc disease. For patients with degenerative disc disease unresponsive to conservative measures, lumbar disc arthroplasty provides an alternative to fusion designed to relieve persistent discogenic pain and maintain motion. After 2:1 randomization, 577 patients were treated in either the investigational group (405), receiving lumbar disc arthroplasty, or the control group (172), receiving anterior lumbar interbody fusion. Patients were evaluated preoperatively, at surgery/discharge, and at 1.5, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery. The primary study endpoint was overall success, a composite measure of safety and effectiveness as recommended by the Food and Drug Administration and defined in the protocol. Both treatment groups demonstrated significant improvements compared with preoperative status. The investigational group had statistically superior outcomes (P < 0.05) at all postoperative evaluations in Oswestry Disability Index, back pain, and Short Form-36 Physical Component Summary scores as well as patient satisfaction. Investigational patients had longer surgical times (P < 0.001) and greater blood loss (P < 0.001) than did control patients; however, hospitalization stays were similar for both groups. Investigational patients had fewer implant or implant/surgical procedure-related adverse events (P < 0.001). Return-to-work intervals were reduced for investigational patients. Disc height and segmental angular motion were maintained throughout the study in the investigational group. In the investigational group, overall success superiority was found when compared to the control group as defined by the Food and Drug Administration Investigational Device Exemption protocol. The investigational group consistently demonstrated

  18. 后路腰椎椎体间融合术治疗腰椎滑脱的临床疗效%Posterior lumbar interbody fusion for treament of lumbar spondylolisthesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈德龙; 陈小强; 叶永松

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of posterior lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of lumbar spondylolis-thesis and provide reference for clinical therapeutics .Methods A tatal of 40 cases of adult lumbar spondylolisthesis patients trea-ted by posterior lumbar interbody fusion were reviewed .All cases were followed up at least 3 years.Comparative analysis about Oswestry disability index (ODI), visual analogue scale (VAS) score and the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score chan-ges before and after treatment of 1 and 3 years were performed.Results The height of intervertebral disc height and foraminal gap had a significant differences (P0.05) between after treatment 1 years and after 3 years.ODI, low back pain VAS score, leg pain VAS score and JOA score had a significant differences (P0.05) between after treatment 1 years and after 3 years.Conclusion Posterior lumbar interbody fusion can recon-struct the stability of the lumbar spine.Clinical symptoms improvement can be achieved after surgry.This surgry is ideal for the treatment of spondylolisthesis.The mid-and long-term follow-up results are satisfactory.%目的:探讨后路腰椎椎体间融合术( posterior lumbar interbody fusion , PLIF)治疗腰椎滑脱的中期疗效,对腰椎滑脱症的临床治疗提供指导意见。方法回顾性分析采用PLIF治疗的腰椎滑脱40例,所有病例随访观察>3年,对手术前后影像学资料、Oswestry功能障碍指数( Oswestry disability index , ODI )、视觉模拟量表( visual analog scale , VAS)评分及日本骨科学会( Japanese Orthopaedic Association ,JOA)腰背痛手术治疗评分标准的评分变化情况进行比较分析。结果椎间隙高度、椎间孔高度术后1年、3年与术前比较差异均有统计学意义( P<0.05);术后1年与术后3年测量值比较差异不具有统计学意义(P>0.05)。 ODI、腰痛VAS评分、腿痛VAS评分及JOA评分术前和术后1

  19. Experimental lumbar spine fusion with novel tantalum-coated carbon fiber implant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Li, Haisheng; Zou, Xuenong; Woo, Charlotte

    2007-01-01

    the possibility of coating a biocompatible metal layer on top of the carbon fiber material, to improve its biological performance. Tantalum was chosen because of its bone compatibility, based on our previous studies. A novel spinal fusion cage was fabricated by applying a thin tantalum coating on the surface...... of carbon-carbon composite material through chemical vapor deposition. Mechanical and biological performance was tested in vitro and in vivo. Compress strength was found to be 4.9 kN (SD, 0.2). Fatigue test with 500,000 cycles was passed. In vitro radiological evaluation demonstrated good compatibility...... and newly formed bone. No inflammatory cells were found around the implant. Cages packed with two different graft materials (autograft and COLLOSS) achieved the same new bone formation. The present study proved that coating tantalum on top of the carbon-based implant is feasible, and good bone integration...

  20. MIS-TLIF与PLIF治疗单节段退行性腰椎疾病的疗效比较%Curative effect of minimally invasive surgery transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion and posterior lumbar interbody fusion on single segment degenerative lumbar diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周亮; 刘郑生; 肖嵩华; 毛克亚; 刘建恒; 史腾; 苏祥正

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨扩张通道管系统(X-tube)辅助微创经椎间孔路腰椎椎体间融合术(minimally invasive surgery transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion,MIS-TLIF)治疗退行性腰椎疾患的疗效。方法回顾性分析2010年10月-2011年9月我科采用X-Tube辅助MIS-TLIF治疗的单节段退行性腰椎病变患者52例,统计术前1 d、术后3 d、5 d、3个月、6个月、1年腰背痛和下肢痛视觉模拟评分(visual analogue scores,VAS),术前1 d、术后3个月、6个月、1年Oswestry功能障碍指数(Oswestry disability index,ODI),术后1年Nakai疗效评级和Bridwell脊柱融合评级,并与同期行传统开放后路腰椎椎体间融合术(posterior lumbar interbody fusion,PLIF)的38例患者进行比较。结果两组一般资料比较,差异均无统计学意义(P>0.05);术后3 d、5 d、3个月,微创组腰背痛VAS评分低于开放组(P<0.05,其中术后3 d、5 d,P<0.01);其余时间两组间腰背痛和下肢痛VAS评分、ODI评分无统计学差异(P>0.05);两组术后1年Nalai疗效评级和Bridwell脊柱融合评级差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论在治疗退行性腰椎疾病时,MIS-TLIF术式可获得与传统开放PLIF术式相当的治疗效果,且术后短期内腰背痛程度较低。%Objective To study the curative effect of X-tube system-assisted minimally invasive surgery transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) on degenerative lumbar diseases.Methods Clinical data about 52 patients with single segment degenerative lumbar disease who underwent MIS-TLIF from October 2010 to September 2011 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Their visual analogue score (VAS) of back and leg pain 3 and 5 days, 3 and 6 months, and 1 year after MIS-TLIF, their Oswestry disability index (ODI) 1 day, 3 and 6 months, and 1 year after MIS-TLIF, their Nakai curative effect and Bridwell spinal fusion classification were compared with those of 38 controls after

  1. Can cantilever transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (C-TLIF) maintain segmental lordosis for degenerative spondylolisthesis on a long-term basis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kida, Kazunobu; Tadokoro, Nobuaki; Kumon, Masashi; Ikeuchi, Masahiko; Kawazoe, Tateo; Tani, Toshikazu

    2014-03-01

    To determine if cantilever transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (C-TLIF) using the crescent-shaped titanium interbody spacer (IBS) favors acquisition of segmental and lumbar lordosis even for degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS) on a long-term basis. We analyzed 23 consecutive patients who underwent C-TLIF with pedicle screw instrumentations fixed with compression for a single-level DS. Measurements on the lateral radiographs taken preoperatively, 2 weeks postoperatively and at final follow-up included disc angle (DA), segmental angle (SA), lumbar lordosis (LL), disc height (%DH) and slip rate (%slip). There was a good functional recovery with 100 % fusion rate at the mean follow-up of 62 months. Segmental lordosis (DA and SA) and %DH initially increased, but subsequently decreased with the subsidence of the interbody spacer, resulting in a significant increase (p = 0.046) only in SA from 13.2° ± 5.5° preoperatively to 14.7° ± 6.4° at the final follow-up. Changes of LL and %slip were more consistent without correction loss finally showing an increase of LL by 3.6° (p = 0.005) and a slip reduction by 6.7 % (p lordosis on a long-term basis, which would be of benefit in preventing hypolordosis-induced back pain and the adjacent level disc disease.

  2. Late-onset deep surgical-site infection after posterior lumbar interbody fusion in a patient treated with tocilizumab; unusual changes in inflammatory markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makino, Takahiro; Kaito, Takashi; Tsuboi, Hideki; Fujiwara, Hiroyasu; Yonenobu, Kazuo

    2014-05-01

    To describe a case of late-onset deep surgical-site infection (SSI) after posterior lumbar interbody fusion in a patient treated with tocilizumab (TCZ) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), with emphasis on the clinical symptoms and changes in inflammatory markers such as white blood cell (WBC) count and C-reactive protein (CRP) level. A 74-year-old woman with 3-year history of RA underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion at the L4/5/S1 level. After confirmation of no clinical symptom of SSI postoperatively, we decided to use TCZ for the patient after 2 months postoperatively. At 8 months after beginning of TCZ, she suffered from sudden onset of severe low back pain (LBP) with fever (38 °C) 1 day after administration of TCZ. Local tissues around the operative wound showed no sign of redness, warmth, or swelling. Increases in body temperature, WBC count, and CRP level were well suppressed by TCZ. Magnetic resonance imaging performed 2 weeks after onset of LBP revealed deep SSI. After surgical debridement and administration of the sensitive antibiotics, no clinical signs of recurrent spondylitis or osteolysis of vertebral body have been seen for 3 years. As TCZ strongly suppresses inflammatory reactions, detecting deep SSI based on local and systemic findings and laboratory data is quite difficult. Care must be taken regarding SSI when patients treated with TCZ complain of long-lasting LBP after lumbar surgery.

  3. Effects of Lordotic Angle of a Cage on Sagittal Alignment and Clinical Outcome in One Level Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Pedicle Screw Fixation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Ho Lee

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to assess the differences in the radiological and clinical results depending on the lordotic angles of the cage in posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF. We reviewed 185 segments which underwent PLIF using two different lordotic angles of 4° and 8° of a polyetheretherketone (PEEK cage. The segmental lordosis and total lumbar lordosis of the 4° and 8° cage groups were compared preoperatively, as well as on the first postoperative day, 6th and 12th months postoperatively. Clinical assessment was performed using the ODI and the VAS of low back pain. The pre- and immediate postoperative segmental lordosis angles were 12.9° and 12.6° in the 4° group and 12° and 12.0° in the 8° group. Both groups exhibited no significant different segmental lordosis angle and total lumbar lordosis over period and time. However, the total lumbar lordosis significantly increased from six months postoperatively compared with the immediate postoperative day in the 8° group. The ODI and the VAS in both groups had no differences. Cages with different lordotic angles of 4° and 8° showed insignificant results clinically and radiologically in short-level PLIF surgery. Clinical improvements and sagittal alignment recovery were significantly observed in both groups.

  4. More nerve root injuries occur with minimally invasive lumbar surgery, especially extreme lateral interbody fusion: A review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nancy E Epstein

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: This review indicates that MIS (TLIF/PLIF/ALIF/XLIF lumbar surgery resulted in a higher incidence of root injuries, radiculitis, or plexopathy versus open lumbar surgical techniques. Furthermore, even a cursory look at the XLIF data demonstrated the greater danger posed to neural tissue by this newest addition to the MIS lumbar surgical armamentariu. The latter should prompt us as spine surgeons to question why the XLIF procedure is still being offered to our patients?

  5. Human Amniotic Tissue-derived Allograft, NuCel, in Posteriolateral Lumbar Fusions for Degenerative Disc Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-09-14

    Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease; Spinal Stenosis; Spondylolisthesis; Spondylosis; Intervertebral Disk Displacement; Intervertebral Disk Degeneration; Spinal Diseases; Bone Diseases; Musculoskeletal Diseases; Spondylolysis

  6. Efficacy of minimal invasive posterior transfominal lumbar interbodv fusion and traditional Open tmnsfomminal lumbar interbodv fu-sion in the treatment of Single leve lumbar degenerative disease%微创通道经椎间孔椎间融合术与传统术式治疗单节段腰椎退行性疾病的疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    舒冬平; 李绍刚; 邓汉华; 彭勇骏; 马兵

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨微创通道经椎间孔椎间融合术(MIS - TLIF)治疗单节段腰椎退行性疾病的疗效,并与传统开放经椎间孔椎体间融合术(TLIF)比较。方法收治的52例腰椎退行性疾病患者,随机分为对照组和观察组,每组26例,分别采用 TLIF 治疗和 MIS - TLIF 治疗。比较两组手术情况,术前、术后视觉模拟评分(VAS)、Oswestry 功能障碍指数(ODI)、日本骨科协会评分(JOA)评分变化及椎间植骨融合率。结果观察组手术术中和术后出血量及住院时间显著低于对照组( P <0.05);术后3个月观察组腰疼和腿痛 VAS 评分显著低于治疗前和对照组( P <0.05);术后3个月ODI 较治疗前均显著降低( P <0.05),JOA 评分较治疗前均显著提高( P <0.05),且改善程度显著优于对照组( P<0.05);观察组术后1年椎骨性融合率达到91.43%,显著高于对照组( P <0.05)。结论微创通道经椎间孔椎间融合术治疗单节段腰椎退行性疾病在获得与传统开放经椎间孔椎体间融合术相同的疗效下,植骨融合率更高,出血量、引流量更少,术后恢复更快,综合疗效优于传统方法。%Objective To explore the efficacy of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion(MIS - TLIF)treatment of single segment lumbar degenerative disease and compare with the traditional open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion(TLIF). Methods 52 cases of lumbar degenerative disease were selected and randomly divided into the control groups and the observation groups,26 cases in each group and were treated with TLIF and MIS - TLIF treatment. The operation index and the VAS,ODI,JOA score and interbody fusion rate before and af-ter treatment of two groups were compared. Results The intraoperative and postoperative bleeding and hospitalization time in the observation groups were significantly lower than that of the control groups( P < 0

  7. [VALUE OF SMART PHONE Scoliometer SOFTWARE IN OBTAINING OPTIMAL LUMBAR LORDOSIS DURING L4-S1 FUSION SURGERY].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Weibo; Liang, De; Ye, Linqiang; Jiang, Xiaobing; Yao, Zhensong; Tang, Jingjing; Tang, Yongchao

    2015-10-01

    To investigate the value of smart phone Scoliometer software in obtaining optimal lumbar lordosis (LL) during L4-S1 fusion surgery. Between November 2014 and February 2015, 20 patients scheduled for L4-S1 fusion surgery were prospectively enrolled the study. There were 8 males and 12 females, aged 41-65 years (mean, 52.3 years). The disease duration ranged from 6 months to 6 years (mean, 3.4 years). Before operation, the pelvic incidence (PI) and Cobb angle of L4-S1 (CobbL4-S1) were measured on lateral X-ray film of lumbosacral spine by PACS system; and the ideal CobbL4-S1 was then calculated according to previously published methods [(PI+9 degrees) x 70%]. Subsequently, intraoperative CobbL4-S1 was monitored by the Scoliometer software and was defined as optimal while it was less than 5 degrees difference compared with ideal CobbL4-S1. Finally, the CobbL4-S1 was measured by the PACS system after operation and the consistency was compared between Scoliometer software and PACS system to evaluate the accuracy of this software. In addition, value of this method in obtaining optimal LL was validated by comparing the difference between ideal CobbL4-S1 and preoperative one with that between ideal CobbL4-S1 and postoperative one. The CobbL4-S1 was (36.17 ± 1.53)degrees for ideal one, (22.57 ± 5.50)degrees for preoperative one, (32.25 ± 1.46)degrees for intraoperative one measured by Scoliometer software, and (34.43 ± 1.72)degrees for postoperative one, respectively. The observed intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was excellent [ICC = 0.96, 95% confidence interval (0.93, 0.97)] and the mean absolute difference (MAD) was low (MAD = 1.23) between Scoliometer software and PACS system. The deviation between ideal CobbL4-S1 and postoperative CobbL4-S1 was (2.31 ± 0.23)degrees, which was significantly lower than the deviation between ideal CobbL4-S1 and preoperative CobbL4-S1 (13.60 ± 1.85)degrees (t = 6.065, P = 0.001). Scoliometer software can help surgeon obtain

  8. 微创经椎间孔腰椎间融合术治疗腰椎退变性疾病%Clinical outcome of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in the treat-ment of lumbar degenerative disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高爱国; 赵鹏; 张钦; 程力

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨微创经椎间孔腰椎间融合术( MIS-TLIF)治疗腰椎退变性疾病的可行性和早期疗效。方法采用MIS-TLIF治疗30例腰椎退变性疾病患者,其中Ⅰ~Ⅱ度退行性或峡部裂型腰椎滑脱症12例,退行性腰椎管狭窄伴节段性不稳8例,腰椎间盘突出症10例。均为单节段融合。结果手术时间127~209(168±41) min;术中出血量23~361(192±169) ml;术中X线照射时间72~136(104±32) s;术后首次下床活动时间1.4~3.8(2.6±1.2) d。疼痛VAS评分术前(7.20±1.02)分,末次随访(1.71±0.66)分,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。末次随访椎间融合率为100%。未发生并发症。 X线片显示cage无移位、松动、下沉,椎弓根钉无松动、折断。结论 MIS-TLIF对腰椎的解剖结构破坏小,对椎旁肌肉的剥离少,患者术后恢复快,是一种有效、安全、损伤较小的手术方法,可用于腰椎不稳、局限节段椎间盘病变、≤Ⅱ度以下腰椎滑脱的患者;但手术时间较长,医患X线暴露较多。%Objective To investigate the feasibility and early curative effect of minimally invasive transforaminal lum-bar interbody fusion ( MIS-TLIF) in the treatment of low lumbar degenerative disease. Methods A total of 30 pa-tients underwent MIS-TLIF for low lumbar degenerative disease. They contained 12 cases ofⅠ~Ⅱdegree spondylo-listhesis,8 cases of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis with segmental instability and 10 cases of protrusion of lumbar intervertebral disc. All the patients underwent one-level fusion by the same surgeon. Results The surgical time, in-traoperative blood loss volume, X-ray exposed time and the first leaving bed time after surgery were 127~209(168 ± 41) min, 23~361(192 ± 169) ml, 72~136(104 ± 32) s,1. 4~3. 8(2. 6 ± 1. 2) d. VAS of the preoperative and the last follow-up were (7. 20 ± 1. 02)points and (1. 71 ± 0. 66)points,the difference had statistical significance(P<0. 01

  9. The Efficacy of Lumbar Hybrid Stabilization Using the DIAM™ to Delay Adjacent Segment Degeneration: An Intervention Comparison Study With a Minimum Two-Year Follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chang-Hyun; Hyun, Seung-Jae; Kim, Ki-Jeong; Jahng, Tae-Ahn; Yoon, Sang Hoon; Kim, Hyun-Jib

    2013-04-29

    BACKGROUND:: Although posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) has a successful fusion rate, the long-term outcome of PLIF is occasionally below expectations because of adjacent segment degeneration (ASD). OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate the ability of hybrid stabilization using DIAM(Device for Interspinous Assisted Motion) to delay ASD. METHODS:: An intervention comparison study of 75 patients (hybrid, 25; PLIF, 50) was performed. The indications for hybrid stabilization were facet joint degeneration, Pfirrmann grade II-III, and stenosis at the rostral adjacent segment. The PLIF group consisted of patients matched for age, gender, and fusion. The hybrid stabilization procedure included traditional PLIF and DIAM installation at a superior adjacent segment. The outcomes were analyzed using linear mixed model analysis. Conditional logistic regression was performed to calculate the odds ratio for the association of surgical methods. RESULTS:: The hybrid group (24%) revealed fewer ASDs than the PLIF group (48%). Among ASDs, spondylolisthesis occurred more frequently in the PLIF group than the hybrid group. Hybrid surgery was significantly associated with ASD; the odds ratio for hybrid surgery was 0.28 when compared to PLIF. Foraminal height of the PLIF group decreased more than the hybrid group (P=.01). Segmental mobility showed a greater increase in the PLIF group than the hybrid group (P=.04). However, the clinical outcomes did not show significant differences between the groups. CONCLUSION:: Hybrid stabilization using DIAM and pedicle screws can be used for patients with facet degeneration at adjacent segments but should be further investigated.

  10. Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion or posterior lumbar interbody fusion in treatment of lumbar degenerative disorder disease%椎间盘镜辅助X-Tube下椎体间融合术治疗退变性腰椎间盘疾病

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马维虎; 刘观燚; 徐荣明; 孙韶华; 赵刘军; 胡勇; 蒋伟宇; 顾永杰

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨椎间盘镜辅助X-Tube下腰椎后路椎体间融合术(posterior lumbar interbody fusion,PLIF)和经椎间孔腰椎椎体间融合术(transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion,TLIF)治疗退变性椎间盘疾病的临床疗效.方法 2007年11月至2008年4月,采用椎间盘镜辅助X-Tube下TLIF和PLIF 治疗退变性椎间盘疾病32例:PLIF 13例,TLIF 19例.单节段腰椎间盘突出症伴相应节段腰椎不稳定21例,腰椎滑脱症11例(Ⅰ度6例,Ⅱ度5例).病变节段:L3-4 2例,L4-5 18例,L5S1 12例.年龄38~72岁,平均51.2岁;男19例,女13例.术后进行定期随访和影像学检查,并进行Oswestry功能障碍指数评定以评价术后康复情况.结果 手术时间90~180 min,平均120 min;手术出血量100~400 ml,平均190ml.切口均为甲级愈合,未见切口及椎管、椎间隙感染、内固定失败等并发症发生.所以患者均获随访,随访时间13~41个月,平均21个月.Oswestry功能障碍指数由术前40.1%±4.1%下降到术后3个月的9.5%±3.7%.疗效评价:优19例,良10例,可3例;优良率为90.6%.骨融合均取得成功.结论 椎间盘镜辅助X-Tube下TLIF和PLIF治疗退变性椎间盘疾病具有切口小,创伤小,术后恢复快等优点.%Objective To evaluate the clinical effects of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) or posterior lumbar interbody fusion(PLIF) using microendoscopic discectomy under X-Tube system in treatment of lumbar degenerative disc diseases.Methods From December 2007 to April 2008,32 patients with low back disorders were treated by microendoscopic discectomy TLIF or PLIF under X-Tube system,including 19 cases in TLIF and 13 in PLIF.Etiologies including lumbar disc herniation combined with segmental instability in 21 cases,and spondylolisthesis in 11 cases.All patients were under regular postoperative follow-up and radiological examination.The clinical functional outcomes were evaluated according to Oswestry disability questionnaire.Results The

  11. Evaluation of an injectable silk fibroin enhanced calcium phosphate cement loaded with human recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2 in ovine lumbar interbody fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Yong; Chen, Liang; Yang, Hui-Lin; Luo, Zong-Ping; Tang, Tian-Si

    2011-05-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of an injectable calcium phosphate cement/silk fibroin/human recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2 composite (CPC/SF/rhBMP-2) in an ovine interbody fusion model. Twenty-four mature sheep underwent anterior lumbar interbody fusion at the levels of L1/2, L3/4, and L5/6 with random implantation of CPC/SF, CPC/rhBMP-2, CPC/SF/rhBMP-2, or autogenous iliac bone. After the sheep were sacrificed, the fusion segments were evaluated by manual palpation, CT scan, undestructive biomechanical testing, undecalcified histology, and histomorphology. The fusion rates of CPC/SF/rhBMP-2 were 55.56% and 77.78% at 6 and 12 months, respectively. The fusion was superior to all the biomaterial grafts in stiffness, and reached the same stiffness as the autograft at 12 months. The new bone formation was less than autograft at 6 months, but similar with that at 12 months. However, the ceramic residue volume of CPC/SF/rhBMP-2 was significantly decreased compared with CPC/SF and CPC/rhBMP-2 at both times. The results indicated that CPC/SF/rhBMP-2 composite had excellent osteoconduction and osteoinduction, and balanced degradation and osteogenesis.

  12. Within patient radiological comparative analysis of the performance of two bone graft extenders utilized in posterolateral lumbar fusion: a retrospective case series

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geoffrey eStewart

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Two bone graft extenders differing in chemical composition were implanted contralaterally in 27 consecutive patients undergoing instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion as standard of care. Bone marrow aspirate and autogenous bone graft were equally combined either with β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP or a hybrid biomaterial (containing hyaluronic acid but lacking a calcium salt and implanted between the transverse processes. Fusion status on each side of the vertebrae was retrospectively graded (1-5 scale on AP planar X-ray at multiple visits as available, through approximately month 12. Additionally, consolidation or resorption since prior visit for each treatment was recorded. Sides receiving β-TCP extender showed marked resorption prior to bone consolidation during the first 6 months. By contrast, sides receiving the hybrid biomaterial containing integrated hyaluronic acid showed rapid bone consolidation by week 6-8, with maintenance of initial bone volume through month 12. Fusion grade was superior for the hybrid biomaterial, differing significantly from β-TCP at day 109 and beyond. Fusion success at >month 12 was 92.9% vs 67.9% for the hybrid biomaterial and β-TCP-treated sides, respectively. The hybrid biomaterial extender demonstrated a shortened time to fusion compared to the calcium-based graft. Mode of action has been demonstrated in the literature to differ between these compositions. Therefore, choice of synthetic biomaterial composition may significantly influence mode of action of cellular events regulating appositional bone growth.

  13. Complications and clinical outcomes of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of one- or two-level degenerative disc diseases of the lumbar spine in patients older than 65 years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WU Wen-jian; LIANG Yu; ZHANG Xin-kai; CAO Peng; ZHENG Tao

    2012-01-01

    Background Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) has been successfully used to treat degenerative diseases of the lumbar spine.There are few reports comparing the complications and clinical outcomes in older patients who have undergone one- or two-level MIS-TLIF with those of younger patients.The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of MIS-TLIF in the treatment of degenerative disc disease of lumbar spine of the patients older than 65 years,with an emphasis on perioperative complications compared to the younger patients.Methods One hundred and fifty-one consecutive cases of one- or two-level degenerative disc disease of lumbar spine treated with MIS-TLIF were reviewed for the radiological and clinical outcomes.They were divided into elderly group (age ≥65 years old) and younger group (age <65 years old),and were followed for at least 6 months.Radiographs were obtained before and after surgery,3 months postoperatively,and at the final follow-up to determine the presence of fusion,hardware-related problems.The clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)before and after surgery,and at the final follow-up.The visual analogue scale (VAS) score of back and leg pain were evaluated as well.The intra-operative data and peri-operative complications were recorded.Results The mean age of these patients at operation was (57.7±14.2) years (range 26-82 years).Of 151 patients,62were 65 years or older.The elderly patients had more comorbidities and more porportion of lumbar canal stenosis.The overall fusion rate was 88.4% at the final follow-up,with no significant difference between younger and elderly patients.The ODI,the VAS of back pain and radicular pain of both young and elderly group were significantly improved aftersurgery and at the final follow-up,without significant difference between two groups.There were 16 complications with an incidence of 10.6%,including 7 major complications

  14. Interobserver agreement in fusion status assessment after instrumental desis of the lower lumbar spine using 64-slice multidetector computed tomography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laoutliev, Borislav; Havsteen, Inger; Bech, Birthe Højlund;

    2012-01-01

    Persistent lower back pain after instrumental posterolateral desis may arise from incomplete fusion. We investigate the impact of experience on interobserver agreement in fusion estimation.......Persistent lower back pain after instrumental posterolateral desis may arise from incomplete fusion. We investigate the impact of experience on interobserver agreement in fusion estimation....

  15. Kinematic evaluation of one- and two-level Maverick lumbar total disc replacement caudal to a long thoracolumbar spinal fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Qingan; Itshayek, Eyal; Jones, Claire F; Schwab, Timothy; Larson, Chadwick R; Lenke, Lawrence G; Cripton, Peter A

    2012-06-01

    -L5 and L5-S1, (4) Maverick at L4-L5, and (5) Maverick at L5-S1. The capsulotomy was performed to allow measurement of facet joint loads in a companion study. Paired t tests were used to determine if differences in the kinematic parameters measured were significant. Holm-Sidak corrections for multiple comparisons were applied where appropriate. Under the 5.0 Nm loads, L4-L5 ROMs tended to decrease in all directions following L4-L5 Maverick replacement (mean = 22 %, compared to the fused condition). Two-level Maverick implantation also tended to reduce L4-S1 ROM (mean 18, 7 and 31 % in FE, LB and AR, respectively, compared to the fused condition without TDR). Following TDR replacement, the HAM location tended to shift posteriorly in FE (at L5-S1), anteriorly in AR, and inferiorly in LB. However, although the above-mentioned trends were observed, neither one- nor two-level TDR replacement showed statistically significant ROM or HAM change in any of the three directions. At the identical T8-S1 posture identified by the modified hybrid analysis, the L4-L5 and L5-S1 levels underwent significant larger motions, relative to the overall specimen rotation, after fusion. In the hybrid analysis, there were no significant differences between the ROM after fusion with intact natural discs at L4-L5 and L5-S1 and the motions at those levels with one or two TDRs implanted. The present results demonstrated that one or two Maverick discs implanted subjacent to a long thoracolumbar fusion preserved considerable and intact-like ranges of motion and maintained motion patterns similar to the intact specimen, in this ex vivo study with applied pure moments and compressive follower preload. The hybrid analysis demonstrated that, after fusion, the TDR-implanted levels are required to undergo large rotations, relative to those necessary before fusion, in order to achieve the same motion between T8 and S1. Additional clinical and biomechanical research is necessary to determine if such a

  16. Relationship between low back pain and lumbar sagittal alignment after lumbar fusion%腰椎融合术后下腰痛与腰椎矢状位序列的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    海涌; 赵会; 邵楠; 鲁世保; 杨晋才; 刘玉增

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate retrospectively the relationship between low back pain and changes of lumbar spine sagittal alignment after lumbar spine fusion.Methods During January-December 2008,a total of 182 consecutive patients with degenerative lumbar spine diseases underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) and the follow-up period was over 24 months.Standing lumbar spine anterioposterior and lateral radiography were taken during the follow-up and the lumbar lordosis Cobb angles were measured on radiography.Pain degrees were assessed by visual analog scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI).The relationship between the changes of Cobb angle and lumbar sagittal plane curve was analyzed by the SPSS software.Also the relationship between back pain degree and Cobb angle was examined.Results Among them,42 cases with postoperative back pain were followed up for 24 months.There were 19 males and 23 females with a mean age of 59.6 years (range:40-77).Lumbar spine sagittal Cobb angles were measured from radiographic images:lumbar lordosis angle:① mean angle at 12-month follow-up:40.1 ° ± 10.6°,range:20°-60° ; ② mean angle at 24-month follow-up:40.8° ± 10°,range:24°-60°.Back pain of 42 patients:VAS:① mean at 12-month follow-up:29.4 ± 11.5,range:5-50 ; ② mean at 24-month followup:27.6 ± 11.7,range:25-48.Lumbar spine function of 42 patients:ODI:① mean at 12-month follow-up:15.1 ±5.4,range:0-25 ;② mean at 24-month follow-up:13.9 ± 5.2,range:0-24.Difference between lumbar lordosis angle and standard score:① mean angle at 12-month follow-up:19.9° ± 10.6°,range:0°-40°; ② mean angle at 24-month follow-up:19.2° ± 10.0°,range:0°-36°.Angle difference versus back pain VAS:① at 12-month follow-up:P < 0.001,positive correlation; ② 24-month follow-up:P < 0.001,positive correlation; angle difference versus back pain ODI:① 12-month follow-up:P < 0.001,positive correlation; ② 24-month follow-up:P < 0.001,positive correlation

  17. 微创经椎间孔腰椎椎体间融合术的研究进展%Research progress of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘杰; 钱列; 谭军

    2009-01-01

    腰椎融合是目前治疗腰椎退变性疾病、腰椎不稳及椎间盘源性等疾病的主要手段.经椎间孔腰椎间融合术(transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion,TLIF)是近年发展起来的新型的腰椎融合术,而随着微创脊柱外科(minimally invasive spinal surgery,MISS)的进步,微创TLIF技术也得到了快速的发展,相对传统开放TLIF又有了更进一步的优势.作者就微创TLIF的适应证与禁忌证,手术方式,发展与优势及微创手术辅助器械等方面的研究现状作一综述.%Lumbar fusion is currently the major treatment of lumbar degenerative disease, spinal instability and discogenic disease etc. Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) is a novel lumbar fusion technique in recent years, and with the progress of minimally invasive spinal surgery, minimally invasive TLIF (mini-TLIF) technique has also got access to rapid development, which has more advantages compared with traditional open TLIF. The authors review the indications and contraindications, surgical method, development and advantages and minimally invasive surgical assistant instruments of mini -TLIF.

  18. Effect of sagittal spinal balance, levels of posterior instrumentation, and length of follow-up on low back pain in patients undergoing posterior decompression and instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar spine disease: a multifactorial analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korovessis, Panagiotis; Repantis, Thomas; Papazisis, Zisis; Iliopoulos, Panagiotis

    2010-04-15

    Prospective controlled clinical study on low back pain (LBP). To investigate the possible effects of radiographic and other related parameters on LBP in patients underwent decompression and posterolateral instrumented fusion for degenerative lumbar spine disease. Sagittal balance of the spine after spine surgery has gained increasing interest regarding its correlation with LBP and fusion rate. To our knowledge, no advanced statistical analysis on the effects of sagittal roentgenographic and other parameters on LBP after lumbar surgery has been published. Forty-five patients with an average age of 63 years, who underwent pedicle-screw fixation in 2, 3, and 4 vertebrae for degenerative lumbar spine disease were selected to be included in this study. Radiographic and self-assessment (bodily pain, short form-36) data were evaluated using advanced statistics (multifactorial analysis) to investigate all possible correlations between a dependent parameter (LBP) and independent parameters (sex, extension of instrumentation, sagittal spinal balance, and angular motion at the adjacent free level above instrumentation). All patients were observed for an average of 5.5 years (range, 5-7 years). Male patients showed significantly more improvement of LBP than female counterparts (P = 0.024). LBP improved after surgery by the first year (P spine disease.This research suggests that the methods directed at the improvement in sagittal spinal balance of the lumbar spine, careful selection of fusion levels, and improvement of fusion rate might be beneficial for decreasing LBP after surgery in degenerative lumbar spine disease.

  19. Correlative radiological, self-assessment and clinical analysis of evolution in instrumented dorsal and lateral fusion for degenerative lumbar spine disease. Autograft versus coralline hydroxyapatite.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korovessis, Panagiotis; Koureas, Georgios; Zacharatos, Spyridon; Papazisis, Zisis; Lambiris, Elias

    2005-09-01

    This prospective longitudinal randomized clinical and radiological study compared the evolution of instrumented posterolateral lumbar and lumbosacral fusion using either coralline hydroxyapatite (CH), or iliac bone graft (IBG) or both in three comparable groups, A, B and C, which included 19, 18 and 20 patients, respectively, who suffered from symptomatic degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis and underwent decompression and fusion. The patients were divided randomly according to the graft used and the side that it was applied. The spines of group A received autologous IBG bilaterally; group B, IBG on the left side and hydroxyapatite mixed with local bone and bone marrow on the right side; group C, hydroxyapatite mixed with local bone and bone marrow bilaterally. The age of the patients in the groups A, B and C was 61+/-11 years, 64+/-8 years and 58+/-8 years, respectively. The SF-36, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and Roland-Morris (R-M) surveys were used for subjective evaluation of the result of the surgery and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain severity. Plain roentgenograms including anteroposterior, lateral and oblique views, and lateral plus frontal bending views of the instrumented spine and CT scan were used to evaluate the evolution of the posterolateral fusion in all groups and sides. Two independent senior orthopaedic radiologists were asked to evaluate first the evolution of the dorsolateral bony fusion 3-48 months postoperatively with the Christiansen's radiologic method, and secondly the hydroxyapatite resorption course in the spines of groups B and C. The diagnosis of solid spinal fusion was definitively confirmed with the addition of the bending views, CT scans and self-assessment scores. The intraobserver and interobserver agreement (r) for radiological fusion was 0.71 and 0.69, respectively, and 0.83 and 0.76 for evaluation of CH resorption. T(12)-S(1) lordosis and segmental angulation did not change postoperatively. There was no

  20. Decompression alone versus decompression with instrumented fusion for young patients with single-level lumbar disc herniation:a short-term prospective comparative study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Zhuoran; Li Weishi; Chen Zhongqiang; Guo Zhaoqing; Qi Qiang; Zeng Yan; Sun Chuiguo

    2014-01-01

    Background For young patients,the surgical method for lumbar disc herniation remains controversial.The aim of this study was to prospectively determine the short-term clinical outcome after surgery for young patients with lumbar disc herniation.Methods In this prospective comparative study between April 2010 and August 2011,a total of 80 patients underwent primary surgery at a single level for lumbar disc herniation.The patients were divided into two groups:decompression alone and decompression with instrumented fusion.An independent examiner clinically evaluated the patients at preoperation and at 1,3,6,and 12 months after surgery.The patients filled out the instruments for back and leg pain using a Visual Analog Scale (VAS),Oswestry Low Back Pain Disability Questionnaire (ODI),and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores.The differences between the two groups were analyzed.Results The mean age of all the patients at the time of surgery was 33.7 years.Of the 80 patients,38 patients underwent decompression alone and 42 patients underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion.Increasing complexity of surgery was associated with a longer surgery time,greater blood loss,and a longer hospital stay after surgery.Both methods of surgery independently improved outcomes compared with baseline status based on VAS,ODI,and JOA scores (P <0.05),and no significant differences were found between the two groups at most of the measuring points in time,although patients with decompression alone had a higher JOA score (P=0.016) and higher JOA recovery rate (P=0.010) at the 3-month follow-up.Conclusions The short-term results of our study showed that both methods of surgery obtained effective clinical outcomes,but decompression alone had some advantages (shorter surgery time,less blood loss,shorter hospital stay,and lower cost) compared with decompression with instrumented fusion.Young patients with decompression alone could achieve great physical function earlier.

  1. Comparison of Options for a Pilot Plant Fusion Nuclear Mission

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, T; Goldston, R J; El-Guebaly, L; Kessel, C; Neilson, G H; Malang, S; Menard, J E; Prager, S; Waganer, L; Titus, P

    2012-08-27

    A fusion pilot plant study was initiated to clarify the development needs in moving from ITER to a first of a kind fusion power plant, following a path similar to the approach adopted for the commercialization of fission. The pilot plant mission encompassed component test and fusion nuclear science missions plus the requirement to produce net electricity with high availability in a device designed to be prototypical of the commercial device. Three magnetic configuration options were developed around this mission: the advanced tokamak (AT), spherical tokamak (ST) and compact stellarator (CS). With the completion of the study and separate documentation of each design option a question can now be posed; how do the different designs compare with each other as candidates for meeting the pilot plant mission? In a pro/con format this paper will examine the key arguments for and against the AT, ST and CS magnetic configurations. Key topics addressed include: plasma parameters, device configurations, size and weight comparisons, diagnostic issues, maintenance schemes, availability influences and possible test cell arrangement schemes.

  2. 微创经椎间孔腰椎椎体间融合术研究进展%Research Progress of Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张锋

    2013-01-01

    Lumbar fusion is currently the major treatment of lumbar degenerative disease( spondylosis, spinal instability and discogenic disease etc. ). Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion ( TLIF )has become increasingly popular in recent years. Compared with PLIF,TLIF requires less neural manipulation and retraction, thus reduces interference to the nerve root and dural sac. With the fast development of minimally invasive spine surgery,minimally invasive TLIF has been widely applied in clinical. Here is to make a review of the indicationsand contraindications,surgical method,advantages and disadvantages of minimally invasive TLIF.%腰椎退变性疾病(腰椎滑脱、退变性腰椎失稳、椎间盘源性疾病等)常须行腰椎椎间融合术,近年来经椎间孔入路的腰椎间融合术(TLIF)得到了充分的发展,与传统的后路腰椎间融合手术相比,TLIF对神经根及硬模囊的干扰较少,从而减少了相关并发症的发生.随着微创脊柱外科的进步,微创TLIF也越来越广泛地应用于临床.该文对微创经椎间孔腰椎椎体间融合术的适应证与禁忌证、手术方式、优势与不足、问题与展望等方面的研究现状予以综述.

  3. Unilateral instrumented transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion in low lumbar degenerative diseases%单侧椎弓根固定经椎间孔椎体间融合术治疗下腰椎退行性疾病

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾其余; 俞宇; 王林; 郭万根; 胡联英; 程晓东

    2014-01-01

    目的:评价单侧椎弓根固定经椎间孔腰椎椎体间融合术( TLIF)治疗下腰椎退行性疾病的疗效。方法采用单侧TLIF术治疗41例下腰椎退行性疾病患者,均为单节段手术。观察手术时间、术中出血量及并发症情况。采用腰痛和腿痛视觉模拟评分( VAS)与Oswestry功能障碍指数( ODI)评价临床效果,并通过影像学检查对椎体间融合情况进行评价。结果41例均获随访,时间24~59(38±6)个月。手术时间80~180(125±10)min,术中出血量100~550(310±30)ml。手术切口均一期愈合。腰痛VAS分值由术前的(6.5±2.1)分下降至末次随访时的(2.3±0.9)分(P<0.01),腿痛VAS分值由术前的(7.6±2.3)分下降至末次随访时的(1.2±0.8)分(P<0.01),ODI由术前的54.2±10.9下降至末次随访时的13.8±2.1(P<0.01)。末次随访融合率为95%,未发现继发性脊柱侧弯、螺钉松动、断裂及Cage移位等情况。结论单侧TLIF术可有选择地治疗下腰椎退行性疾病,其疗效确切,并具有创伤小、手术时间短、出血少、并发症少等优点。%Objective To investigate the effect of unilateral instrumented transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion ( TLIF) in the treatment of low lumbar degenerative diseases. Methods 41 patients with low lumbar degenerative diseases in single segment were treated with unilateral pedicle screw fixation TLIF. Operative time, intraoperative blood loss and complications were observed. The visual analogue scale ( VAS ) and the Oswestry disability index ( ODI) were used to evaluate clinical effect, and radiographic parameters were used to evaluate the fusion rates. Re-sults All cases were followed up for 24~59(38 ±6)months. The operative time was 80~180(125 ±10)min, the intraoperative blood loss was 100~550(310 ± 30) ml. All incisions healed by first intention. The lumbar pain VAS scores dropped from 6. 5 ± 2. 1 preoperatively to 2. 3 ± 0. 9 at final followed-up (P <0. 01), the limb pain VAS

  4. Lumbar interbody fusion vs dynamic stabilization system for degenerative lumbar disease%腰椎椎间融合术与动态固定术治疗腰椎退行性疾病的临床评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马辉; 李忠海; 朱晓东; 白玉树; 王传峰; 吴大江; 陈誉; 李明

    2011-01-01

    目的 通过比较分析腰椎椎间融合术与动态固定术治疗腰椎退行性疾病的临床疗效和术后并发症,探讨腰椎退行性疾病治疗方法的合理选择.方法 2009年1月~2010年12月,选择32例腰椎退行性疾病(L4/L5)患者,按配对设计分为对照组和治疗组,对照组16例患者均行椎弓根螺钉固定并单枚融合器置入;治疗组16例患者行常规椎板切除减压、髓核摘除和Isobar动态固定.比较观察2组病例的治疗效果、手术时间、出血量、手术并发症等.治疗效果评价采用Oswestry功能障碍指数(Oswestry disability index,ODI)及疼痛视觉模拟量表(visual analogue scale,VAS)评分,手术邻近节段(L3/L4和L5/S1)及腰椎(L2~S1)的活动度(range of motion,ROM)采用过伸过屈动力侧位X线片检查进行评价.结果 所有患者均获6~24个月的随访,平均15.8个月.与术前相比,2组患者术后症状均有明显改善,术后ODI及VAS评分与术前相比差异有统计学意义(P0.05);2组均未出现内固定相关并发症;2组术后邻近节段(L3/L4和L5/S1)的ROM与术前相比差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).腰椎(L2~S1)的ROM,融合组较术前显著下降,差异有统计学意义(P0.05).结论 腰椎椎间融合术与Isobar动态固定术治疗单节段腰椎退变性疾病均可取得满意的短期临床疗效,但理论上动态固定技术内固定失败的风险高于椎间融合术,故采用动态固定技术治疗腰椎退变性疾病应慎重.%Objective To assess the clinical effectiveness and postoperative complications of lumbar interbody fusion and dynamic stabilization system( the Isobar system ) for degenerative lumbar disease, in an attempt to explore an optimal surgical procedure. Methods From January 2009 to December 2010, 32 degenerative disease ( L4/L5 ) cases were randomly and equally assigned to an experimental group of decompression and dynamic stabilization with Isobar system ( n = 16 ) and a control group of

  5. Comparative Efficacy of Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Inter-body Fusion Unilateral and Bilateral Fixed Pedicle Fixation for the Treat-ment of Lumbar Disc Herniation%MIS-TLIF单侧与双侧椎弓根固定治疗腰椎间盘突出症疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鹏

    2016-01-01

    Objective To approach comparative efficacy of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion uni-lateral and bilateral fixed pedicle fixation for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation. Methods The 80 cases clinical data of lumbar disc herniation patients in our hospital from June 2013 to June 2015 were analyzed,which was to be divided into two groups by different treatment methods,minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion unilateral group 40 cases and bilateral fixed pedicle fixation group 40 cases. Results The operation time、lntraoperative blood loss of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion unilateral group were lower than bilateral fixed pedicle fixation group,P0.05,the VAS score and ODI score of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar in-terbody fusion unilateral group lumbar disc herniation patients after operation were better than before treatment,P0.05. Conclusion The curative effect of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion unilateral and bilateral fixed pedicle fixation are good,the injury of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar inter-body fusion unilateral is little.%目的:探讨MIS-TLIF单侧与双侧椎弓根固定治疗腰椎间盘突出症疗效比较情况。方法分析该院2013年6月—2015年6月收治的80例腰椎间盘突出症患者临床资料,依据治疗方式不同进行分组,MIS-TLIF单侧固定组40例和双侧椎弓根固定组40例。结果 MIS-TLIF单侧固定组腰椎间盘突出症患者手术时间、术中出血量均低于双侧椎弓根固定组,P0.05,治疗后两组腰椎间盘突出症患者VAS评分和ODI评分均优于治疗前,P0.05。结论 MIS-TLIF单侧与双侧椎弓根固定治疗腰椎间盘突出症疗效均较好,MIS-TLIF单侧固定创伤较小。

  6. Comparison of the influence of two interbody fusion surgeries on postoperative neurologic recovery in patients with lumbar degenerative disease%两种椎间融合手术对腰椎退变性疾病术后神经功能恢复的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明明; 侯岩珂; 王禹增

    2015-01-01

    Objective To discuss the influence of TLIF and PLIF on postoperative neurologic recovery in patients with lumbar degenerative disease .Methods 224 patients with lumbar degenerative disease were divided into the TLIF group (n=98) and the PLIF group (n=126) ,then the clinical results ,postoperative neurological injury and JOA score 3 months postoper‐ative were contrasted between the two groups .Results There was no significantly difference in the effective rate(TLIF group 90.8% and PLIF group 89.7% ) between the two groups(P> 0.05);the incidence of postoperative neurologic injury in the TLIF group was 5.1% ,significantly lower than 19.8% in the PLIF group(P0.05) ,but significantly improved 1week after the surgery in the two groups(P 0.05).Conclusion TLIF and PLIF have good results in patients with lumbar degenerative diseases ,al‐though different surgical methods ,but there is no significant difference between the long‐term postoperative recovery of neuro‐logical function ,and therefore should be closely combined with the patient's condition to select the appropriate surgical ap‐proach.%目的:探讨椎间孔入路腰椎融合术(TLIF)与后路椎间融合术(PLIF)在腰椎退行性疾病治疗中对患者术后神经功能恢复的影响。方法224例腰椎退行性疾病患者根据手术方式分为TLIF组(n=98)及PLIF组(n=126),对比2组临床效果、术后神经功能损伤及术后3个月时神经功能JOA评分。结果2组有效率(TLIF组90.8%,PLIF组89.7%)比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);TLIF组术后神经根损伤发生率5.1%,显著低于PLIF组的19.8%(P<0.01);2组术前JOA评分比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),术后均显著增高(P<0.01),术后1周TLIF组显著高于PLIF组(P<0.01),术后3个月2组比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论 TLIF与PLIF在腰椎退行性疾病的外科治疗中均具有良好效果,虽然手术方式

  7. Unilateral versus bilateral pedicle screw fixation of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF): a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Liang; Wang, Yipeng; Li, Zhengyao; Yu, Bin; Li, Ye

    2014-11-06

    A few studies focused on unilateral or bilateral pedicle screw (PS) fixation of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) to treat lumbar degenerative diseases have been published. There is still debate over whether one method is superior to another. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCT) was performed to compare the efficacy of the two methods. We searched the established electronic literature databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases for RCTs comparing the unilateral with bilateral pedicle screw fixation of MIS-TLIF. Pooled mean differences (MD) and odds ratios (OR) and with 95% CIs were calculated for the outcomes. Three RCTs were identified and analyzed. The results showed that there is no significant difference between the two methods in terms of postoperative VAS-BP score (WMD = -0.09; 95% CI: -0.69 to 0.51; P =0.78), ODI (WMD, -0.09; 95% CI -5.85 to 5.67; P =0.98), fusion rate (OR = 2.99; 95% CI 0.55 to 16.38; P = 0.21) or complication rate (OR = 1.61, 95% CI: 0.49 to 5.37; P =0.43). Unilateral pedicle screw fixation was associated with less blood loss (WMD = -87.83; 95% CI: -160.70 to -14.96; P =0.02). The existing evidence indicate that no superiority exists between the two fixation methods of MIS-TLIF in terms of functional outcome, fusion rate and complication rate, in spite of that unilateral pedicle screw fixation can achieve less blood loss than bilateral fixation.

  8. Novel pedicle screw and plate system provides superior stability in unilateral fixation for minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion: an in vitro biomechanical study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Li

    Full Text Available This study aims to compare the biomechanical properties of the novel pedicle screw and plate system with the traditional rod system in asymmetrical posterior stabilization for minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF. We compared the immediate stabilizing effects of fusion segment and the strain distribution on the vertebral body.Seven fresh calf lumbar spines (L3-L6 were tested. Flexion/extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation were induced by pure moments of ± 5.0 Nm and the range of motion (ROM was recorded. Strain gauges were instrumented at L4 and L5 vertebral body to record the strain distribution under flexion and lateral bending (LB. After intact kinematic analysis, a right sided TLIF was performed at L4-L5. Then each specimen was tested for the following constructs: unilateral pedicle screw and rod (UR; unilateral pedicle screw and plate (UP; UR and transfacet pedicle screw (TFS; UP and TFS; UP and UR.All instrumented constructs significantly reduced ROM in all motion compared with the intact specimen, except the UR construct in axial rotation. Unilateral fixation (UR or UP reduced ROM less compared with the bilateral fixation (UP/UR+TFS, UP+UR. The plate system resulted in more reduction in ROM compared with the rod system, especially in axial rotation. UP construct provided more stability in axial rotation compared with UR construct. The strain distribution on the left and right side of L4 vertebral body was significantly different from UR and UR+TFS construct under flexion motion. The strain distribution on L4 vertebral body was significantly influenced by different fixation constructs.The novel plate could provide sufficient segmental stability in axial rotation. The UR construct exhibits weak stability and asymmetrical strain distribution in fusion segment, while the UP construct is a good alternative choice for unilateral posterior fixation of MI-TLIF.

  9. A comparison of single-level fusions with and without hardware.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenz, M; Zindrick, M; Schwaegler, P; Vrbos, L; Collatz, M A; Behal, R; Cram, R

    1991-08-01

    During a 47-month period, 68 patients were studied prospectively to compare single-level lumbar fusion with and without adjunctive pedicular fixation. Fusion indications were disabling back pain for a minimum of 6 months, inability to work, and failed conservative care. Twenty-nine patients fused without hardware and 39 fused with VSP fixation in identical procedures. All patients were evaluated according to fusion success, perceived pain, and return to work. Pseudarthrosis was demonstrated in 58.6% of the noninstrumented group. No pseudarthroses were noted in instrumented patients. Pain improvement in the nonhardware group was 41.4%, and in the hardware group, 76.9%. Return to work was 31% and 72% in each group, respectively. The fusion rate for patients exhibiting single-level disc disease improves with spinal fixation.

  10. 微创与开放后路腰椎间融合修复单节段腰椎退变性疾病:椎间融合率比较%Minimally invasiveversus open posterior lumbar interbody fusion for single-segment degenerative lumbar disease:the rate of interbody fusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    过锡敏

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND:With the aging population, the incidence of lumbar degenerative disease was apparently increased, but how to treatment of degenerative lumbar disease remains controversial. OBJECTIVE:To compare clinical and radiographic results of minimaly invasive posterior lumbar interbody fusion and open posterior lumbar interbody fusion for single-segment degenerative lumbar disease. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 97 patients with single-segment degenerative lumbar disease, who were treated in the Huishan District People’s Hospital of Wuxi City from July 2006 to July 2012. These patients were divided into minimal group (minimaly invasive posterior lumbar interbody fusion;n=51) and open group (open posterior lumbar interbody fusion;n=46). These data were compared between the two groups, including operative time, blood loss (intraoperative blood volume+postoperative drainage volume), total blood transfusion, postoperative back pain (visual analogue scale), length of hospital stay, bed time, perioperative complications, clinical function (Oswestry disability index), and radiographic results. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Al of 97 patients were folowed up. The duration of folow-up was 28-78 months and 27-76 months in minimal group and open group, respectively. There was no significant difference between the minimal group and open group in term of folowed-up time (P=0.981). Operative time, blood loss, total blood transfusion, bed time, length of hospital stay and visual analogue scale score during final folow-up were significantly lower in the minimal group than in the open group (P 0.05). These results indicate that for the single-segment degenerative lumbar disease, the use of minimaly invasive posterior lumbar interbody fusion or open posterior lumbar interbody fusion can obtain satisfactory clinical function, but the minimaly invasive posterior lumbar interbody fusion has the advantages of a less trauma, shorter length of hospital stay and bed

  11. Coflex与传统手术方法治疗腰椎退行性疾病疗效的Meta分析%Coflex versus posterior lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of lumbar spine degenerative diseases: a Meta analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵海恩; 郭明君; 梅玉峰; 于洋; 王育才; 马保安; 姬振伟; 范清宇

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To analyze the efficacy and safety of Coflex versus posterior lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of lumbar spine degenerative diseases such as LSS. [ Methods ] A systematic computer - based search of Medline, EM-BASE, Cochrance Central, and manual search of related journals were performed for collecting controlled trials. RevMan 5. 1 software was used for meta analysis. [Results] Twelve studies involving a total of 684 patients were included. The meta - analysis indicated that statistically significance were noted between two procedures for the operation time, length of hospital stay, blood loss and range of motion of lumbar. While no differences were noted for the low back VAS, ODI and JO A. [Conclusion] Both procedures were effective and safe in pain relief and functional recovery for lumbar spine degenerative diseases. Coflex could also shorten the operation time and length of hospital stay, decrease the blood loss. It showed that Coflex had biomechanical superiority in a short follow - up period.%[目的]系统评价Coflex与传统融合固定两种手术方法治疗腰椎退行性病变的有效性和安全性.[方法]计算机检索数据库,手工检索骨科相关杂志,纳入关于Coflex与传统治疗腰椎退行性病变的研究并进行Meta分析.[结果]纳入12篇研究共684病例,Meta分析结果显示:Coflex与传统手术方法相比较,前者在手术时间和住院时间上短于后者,失血量少于后者,手术节段的ROM大于后者,差异具有统计学意义.后背VAS和JOA差异无统计学意义.[结论]在达到相同治疗效果的情况下,Coflex可以明显减少手术时间、术中出血量和住院时间,而且可以保持手术节段腰椎存在一定活动度,避免了邻近节段的退变,术后短期内随访显示了其生物力学上优越性.

  12. The prevalence of disc aging and back pain after fusion extending into the lower lumbar spine. A matched MR study twenty-five years after surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Danielsson, A.J.; Nachemson, A.L. [Sahlgrenska Univ. Hospital, Goeteborg (Sweden). Dept. of Orthopaedics; Cederlund, C.G.; Ekholm, S. [Sahlgrenska Univ. Hospital, Goeteborg (Sweden). Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology

    2001-03-01

    To determine the long-term outcome after fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in terms of degenerative disc findings diagnosed using MR imaging and to elucidate the clinical consequences. Material and methods: Thirty-two patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, who had undergone spinal fusion using Harrington rods to the lower lumbar spine with one or two unfused discs below the fusion, were re-examined 25 years after the fusion. The re-examinations included validated questionnaires, clinical examination, full standing frontal and lateral radiographs and MR examination of the lower lumbar region. Curve size and degenerative findings on MR images were evaluated by two unbiased radiologists, blinded to the clinical findings. A matched control group of 32 persons without scoliosis was subjected to the same examinations. Results and conclusion: There were significantly more degenerative disc changes (p<0.0001), disc height reduction (p=0.0010) and end-plate changes (p<0.0001 for both upper and lower end-plates) in the lowest unfused disc in the patient group compared with the control group. The MR findings in the lowest unfused disc, but not the one above, in the patient group correlated to lumbar pain intensity as well as to the diminished lumbar lordosis.

  13. 加压与不加压固定融合器对腰椎融合的影响%Effects of compression and non-compression fusion cage on lumbar fusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾勇; 汪凌骏; 陈亮

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND:The posterior lumbar interbody fusion is one of the effective methods for the treatment of lumbar and sacral spine diseases. Most surgeons fix the cage by compressing the disc space in order to keep stability and prevent dislodgement. However, some surgeons think that the non-compression technique does favor for increasing of the disc and foraminal height and thus improving the clinical outcomes, and does not increase the risk of fusion shift. OBJECTIVE:To compare the effects in fixing the cage by the compression and non-compression techniques on posterior lumbar interbody fusion. METHODS:Data of 64 patients with single-segment lumbar degeneration undergoing posterior lumbar interbody fusion between August 2009 and June 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Fusion device was fixed according to compression of intervertebral space. These patients were divided into compression group (n=30) and non-compression group (n=34). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) Curative effects:Lumbar and leg pain visual analogue score, Oswestry disability index, SF-36 score and the height of intervertebral space, intervertebral foramen height and lumbar lordosis were significantly improved postoperatively in each group compared with preoperatively (P0.05). (3) Correlation analysis:The increase of the intervertebral space and the height of the intervertebral foramen were not significantly correlated with the improvement of the clinical curative effect (P>0.05). (4) Test results demonstrated that outcomes of the compression technique to fix the cage are equivalent to the non-compression in posterior lumbar interbody fusion. Non-compression is advantageous to increase the intervertebral space and the height of the intervertebral foramen. Both of them are conducive to the recovery of lumbar lordosis, but are not correlated with the increase in clinical curative effect.%背景:腰椎后路椎体间融合是腰骶椎退变性疾病常规有效的治疗方法之一。目前,大部分学

  14. The role of bone SPECT/CT in the evaluation of lumbar spinal fusion with metallic fixation devices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Morten; Nimb, Lars; Madsen, Jan L

    2010-01-01

    PURPOSE: It is difficult to evaluate the stability of the lumbar spondylodesis with metallic fixation devices by conventional imaging methods such as radiography or magnetic resonance imaging. It is unknown whether single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) may be u...

  15. Different bone graft fusion materials applied in lumbar interbody fusion%不同植骨融合材料在腰椎椎体间脊柱融合中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃建朴; 王翀; 张朋云; 曹广如; 蔡玉强; 廖文波

    2016-01-01

    背景:脊柱融合治疗时选择合适的替代移植骨具有重要的意义,能够解决自体骨移植及其他移植材料带来的弊端。目的:观察不同植骨融合材料性能,探讨不同植骨融合材料在犬腰椎椎体间脊柱融合中的应用效果。方法:选取45只中华田园犬建立腰椎椎体间脊柱融合模型,建模后随机分3组,分别植入自体髂骨、重组人骨形态发生蛋白2复合材料和同种异体髂骨,分析不同植骨融合材料在犬腰椎椎体间脊柱融合中的效果。结果与结论:①融合率:重组人骨形态发生蛋白2复合材料组犬融合率显著高于其他组(P <0.05);②Oswestry 功能障碍指数:重组人骨形态发生蛋白2复合材料组术后 Oswestry 功能障碍指数显著低于其他2组(P <0.05);②组织学形态:苏木精-伊红染色显示,术后12周,与其他2组相比,重组人骨形态发生蛋白2犬完全骨性融合,且形成了连续骨小梁,植入骨与犬上下椎体完全粘连;④结果提示:重组人骨形态发生蛋白2复合材料更能够促更好地促进脊柱愈合,效果优于自体和同种异体骨移植。%BACKGROUND: The choice of suitable bone graft substitute is vital for spinal fusion treatment, which can solve some limitations caused by autogenous bone graft and other materials. OBJECTIVE: To investigate properties of different bone graft fusion materials, and to explore their application in dog spinal fusion of lumbar vertebral body. METHODS: Forty-five Chinese rural dogs were enrol ed to prepare lumbar interbody fusion models, and then were randomized into three groups transplanted with autogenous ilium, recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 composite or al ograft ilium, respectively. Afterwards, effects of different materials in the lumbar interbody fusion were analyzed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The fusion rate of the composite group was significantly higher than those of the other

  16. Computational Model Of Fiber Optic, Arc Fusion Splicing; Experimental Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruffin, Paul; Frost, Walter; Long, Wayne

    1989-02-01

    Acknowledgement: The assistance and support of the MICOM Army Missile Command is gratefully appreciated. An analytical tool to investigate the arc fusion splicing of optical fibers is developed. The physical model incorporates heat transfer and thermal, visco elastic strain. The heat transfer equations governing radiation, conduction and convection during arc heating are formulated. The radiation heat flux impinging on the fiber optics is modeled based on reported experimental analysis of a generic type arc discharge. The fusion process considers deformation of the fiber due to thermal, viscous and elastic strain. A Maxwell stress-strain relationship is assumed. The model assumes an initial gap at the beginning of the arc which is closed by a press-stroke during the heating cycle. All physical properties of the fused silica glass fibers are considered as functions of temperature based on available experimental data. A computer algorithm has been developed to solve the system of governing equations and parametric studies carried out. An experiment using a FSM-20 arc fusion splicer manufactured by Fujikura Ltd. was carried out to provide experimental verification of the analytical model. In the experiment a continuous fiber was positioned in the arc and cyclic heating and cooling was carried out. One end of the fiber was clamped and the other was free to move. The fiber was heated for 6 seconds and cooled for 3 minutes for several cycles. At the end of each cooling process, photographs of the deformation of the fiber were taken. The results showed that the fiber necked down on the free end and buldged up on the fixed end. With repeated heating and cooling cycles, the optical fiber eventually necked down to the point that it melted in two. The analytical model was run for the conditions of the experiment. Comparisons of the predicted deformation of the optical fiber with those measured is given. The analytical model displays all of the physical phenomenon of fiber

  17. Treatment of lumbar degenerative disease with modified transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion%改良经椎间孔椎体间融合术治疗腰椎退变性疾病

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘阳; 杨群; 唐开; 马凯; 姜长明; 吴春明; 王宏

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨改良经椎间孔椎体间融合术治疗腰椎退变性疾病的临床疗效.方法 2007年6月至2009年5月对62例腰椎退变性疾病患者行改良经单侧椎间孔椎体间植骨融合,相应节段椎弓根钉内固定术.其中腰椎间盘突出合并腰椎不稳28例,腰椎间盘突出合并椎管狭窄27例,退变性滑脱7例.累及单节段48例,累及双节段14例.通过观察融合情况,记录术前、术后3个月和末次随访时的视觉模拟评分(VAS)和日本矫形外科学会(JOA)评分判定治疗效果.结果 62例患者均获得随访,随访时间15~30(22.77±3.82)个月.无神经损伤、脑脊液漏、感染及椎弓根钉断裂等并发症.术后1年椎体间融合率为96.8%.依据JOA评分,优34例,良24例,可4例,差0例,优良率为93.5%(58/62).术后VAS和JOA评分与术前比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),术后3个月VAS和JOA评分与末次随访时比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 改良经椎间孔椎体间融合术在充分减压同时能减少进入椎管带来的并发症,临床疗效好,是治疗腰椎退变性疾病的有效术式.%Objective To investigate the chnical effect of modified transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) on the treatment of lumbar degenerative disease. Methods Sixty-two patients with lumbar degenerative disease were treated by the modified TLIF from June 2007 to May 2009. The preoperative diagnosis was lumbar intervertebral disc herniation with spinal instability (28 cases), lumbar intervertebral disc herniation with lumbar stenosis (27 cases ), degenerative spondylohsthesis (7 cases ). Forty-eight cases were single-level and 14 cases were two-level. The patients were evaluated by observing the fusion rate and comparing the visual analog score( VAS ) and Japanese orthopaedics association (JOA) score of preoperation with those of postoperation. Results All the patients were followed up from 15 to 30 (22.77 ± 3.82)months,no nerve injury,leakage of

  18. 退变性和峡部裂性腰椎滑脱症的治疗及比较%Comparison of clinical treatment of degenerative lumbar versus severe lumbar broken isthmus spondylolisthesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈崇文; 佟斌; 陈志勇; 郜玉忠; 刘凯东; 张露; 王宇飞; 程显江

    2011-01-01

    [目的]比较采用不同植骨方式治疗腰椎滑脱症的手术疗效.[方法]2002~2010年1月,共收治腰椎滑脱症患者173例,其中退变性滑脱74例,峡部裂性滑脱99例.应用后路椎弓根钉复位内固定后,分别采用后外侧植骨融合术、后路椎体间植骨术.比较不同术式的手术时间与出血量、手术疗效及椎体滑脱复位率等.[结果]因合并糖尿病切口感染1例,经再次清创、冲洗等疗法治愈;切口脂肪液化5例,经2~3周换药后切口愈合;7例有神经根袖破裂或硬膜撕裂,术后发生脑脊液漏,观察3~7 d夹闭引流管脑脊液漏停止后拔管,经换药引流愈合;2例出现L5一侧神经根损伤.随访3~7年,平均4.2年,临床满意率退变性滑脱组86.7%,另一组为87.2%;滑脱复位率退变性滑脱组77.9%,另一组79.7%.[结论]退变性腰椎滑脱宜选用后路椎弓根钉固定加后外侧植骨融合术;峡部裂性腰椎滑脱宜选用后路椎弓根钉固定加椎体间植骨融合术,Ⅱ度以上者辅以横突间及峡部植骨.%[Objective] To investigate the surgical technique for different types of lumbar spondylolidthesis. [Methods] From 2002 to January 2010, 173 cases of lumbar spondylolisthesis were treated. Of them 74 were degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis and 99 of severe lumbar broken isthmus spondylolithesis. We used posterior pedicle screw fixation and different bone graft fusion techniques. The operative time, amount of bleeding, therapeutical effect and rate of lumbar spondylolisthesis reduction weres observed. [Results] One case had incision infetion, five had incision fat liquefaction, which was cured by dressing wound. Their were seven cases of cerebrospinal fluid leakage caused by nerve root sleeve rupture. Extubation was performed at 3 ~ 7 days and cerebrospinal fluid leakage stopped The drainage orifice was healed by dressing change. Two cases had nerve root injuriy. Follow - up time ranged form 1 to 7 years

  19. Relationship of lumbar interbody fusion with anterior column structure and biomechanics%椎间植骨融合效果与腰椎前柱组织结构及生物力学的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢鸿儒; 王欢

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Lumbar spine fusion is one of the most common operations for low back pain in spinal surgeons, but the clinicalspine fusion rate is still low-level. How to availably promote spine fusion, raise fusion rate and clinical effect, and decreasecomplications is a problem for the spinal surgeon to work out.OBJECTIVE: To summarize the relation between lumbar interbody fusion and anterior column, and to analyze the influence ofstructural and biomechanical changes on fusion rate.METHODS: A computer online retrieval of CBM/CNKI/Medline for articles and reviews about lumbar interbody fusion published1995-2009 was performed.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The stability and integrality of the anterior column have notable effects on interbody fusion. Inanterior lumbar interbody fusion and the fixations of anterior column fracture, we would better protect the structure and bloodsupply of the anterior column, and resume the integrality and stability of the anterior column to maintain the biomechanicsenvironment of the lumbar, aiming to achieve the better fusion effect.%背景:腰椎融合后,椎间植骨融合率低,是临床上亟待解决的问题.目的:阐述椎间植骨融合效果与腰椎前柱的关系,分析其组织结构及生物力学发生改变后对椎体间植骨融合效果的影响.方法:电子检索CBM/CNKI(2000/2010)和计算机Medline数据库(1995/2010)收录的腰椎椎间植骨融合的相关综述和论文报告,找出并分析其中与前柱结构及生物力学相关的研究进展.结果与结论:腰椎前柱的完整性及生物力学的稳定性对椎间植骨融合的效果有显著的影响.在腰椎前路间盘切除及腰椎前柱爆裂骨折撑开内固定中,应该着重保护好椎体前柱结构及血运,尽量恢复腰椎前柱结构的完整性及稳定性,维持腰椎正常的生物力学环境,以期达到理想的椎间融合效果.

  20. Restoration and preservation of disc height and segmental lordosis with circumferential lumbar fusion: a retrospective analysis of cage versus bone graft.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liebensteiner, Michael C; Jesacher, Guenther; Thaler, Martin; Gstoettner, Michaela; Liebensteiner, Marlies V; Bach, Christian M

    2011-02-01

    Retrospective radiographic analysis. To determine whether restoration and preservation of (a) disc height and (b) segmental lordosis differ between patients treated with circumferential lumbar fusion using a bone graft or a cage for anterior support. Restoration of disc height and lordosis is considered to be of crucial importance in circumferential fusion (CF). To determine whether restoration and preservation of disc height and segmental lordosis are dependent on the type of anterior support used, we compared the use of a cage with that of a bone graft in CF. We retrospectively analyzed disc height and segmental lordosis in patients treated with primary lumbar monosegmental CF. The minimum period of follow-up was 9 months. A cage was used for anterior support in 23 patients and a bone graft in a further 23 patients. Disc height was determined on radiographs using an earlier introduced and validated distortion-compensated roentgen analysis, which was developed to compensate for distortion in central projection, off-center position, variation of stature, axial rotation, and lateral tilt of the spine. Disc height was restored in both groups but differences between preoperative and postoperative disc heights were significantly greater in the cage group (P=0.006). The cage also proved to be superior with regard to disc height preservation after follow-up (P=0.001). In addition, there was significantly less postoperative loss of segmental lordosis in the cage group (P=0.026). The cage proved superior to the bone graft as anterior support in CF with respect to restoration/preservation of lordosis and disc height. However, no conclusions concerning clinical outcome or cost effectiveness can be drawn on the basis of this study.

  1. Sagittal Balance in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Radiographic Study of Spinopelvic Compensation After Selective Posterior Fusion of Thoracolumbar/Lumbar (Lenke 5C) Curves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xi-Ming; Wang, Fei; Zhou, Xiao-Yi; Liu, Zi-Xuan; Wei, Xian-Zhao; Bai, Yu-Shu; Li, Ming

    2015-11-01

    The relationship between spinal sagittal alignment and pelvic parameters is well known in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. However, few studies have reported the sagittal spinopelvic relationship after selective posterior fusion of thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L) curves. We evaluated the relationship between spinal sagittal alignment and the pelvis, and analyzed how the pelvic sagittal state is adjusted in Lenke type 5C patients. We conducted a retrospective study of 36 patients with Lenke type 5C curves who received selective posterior TL/L curve fusion. Coronal and spinopelvic sagittal parameters were pre and postoperatively compared. Pearson coefficients were used to analyze the correlation between all spinopelvic sagittal parameters before and after surgery. We also evaluated 3 pelvic morphologies (anteverted, normal, and retroverted) before and after surgery. Preoperatively, the mean pelvic incidence was 46.0°, with a pelvic tilt and sacral slope (SS) of 8.2° and 37.8°, respectively, and 25% (9/36) of patients had an anteverted pelvis, whereas the other 75% had a normal pelvis. Postoperatively, 42% (15/36) of patients had a retroverted pelvis, 53% (19/36) had a normal pelvis, and 2 patients had an anteverted pelvis. Logistic regression analyses yielded 2 factors that were significantly associated with the risk for a postoperative unrecovered anteverted pelvis, including increased lumbar lordosis (LL) (odds ratio [OR] 4.8, P = 0.029) and increased SS (OR 5.6, P = 0.018). Four factors were significantly associated with the risk of a postoperative newly anteverted pelvis, including LL at the final follow-up (OR 6.9, P = 0.009), increased LL (OR 8.9, P = 0.003), LL below fusion (OR 9.4, P = 0.002), and increased SS (OR 11.5, P = 0.001). The pelvic state may be adjusted after selective posterior TL/L curve fusion in Lenke 5C adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients. It is difficult to improve an anteverted pelvis in patients who have an LL

  2. Vertebral osteolysis originating from subchondral cyst end plate defects in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion using rhBMP-2. Report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balseiro, Sarah; Nottmeier, Eric W

    2010-07-01

    Vertebral osteolysis has been reported as a complication of off-label recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) use in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF). It has been postulated that end plate violation during disc space preparation, rhBMP-2 overdosing, or a combination thereof can contribute to the development of vertebral osteolysis when rhBMP-2 is used in the lumbar interspace. To present two cases of vertebral osteolysis that occurred after TLIF in which rhBMP-2 was used. In each case, the osteolysis originated from subchondral cysts that were present on preoperative computed tomographic (CT) scans. Case report. Two patients underwent instrumented TLIF using INFUSE (Medtronic, Inc., Littleton, MA, USA) on an absorbable collagen sponge carrier. In each patient, approximately 4 mg of rhBMP-2 was placed anteriorly in the disc space with 0.1 mg of rhBMP-2 being placed inside a polyetheretherketone interbody cage. Morcellized allograft bone mixed with demineralized bone matrix was also placed in the disc space and cage. The remaining rhBMP-2 was placed posterolaterally on the contralateral side. Each patient presented with worsening back pain approximately 3 to 4 months postoperatively and CT scans revealed osteolysis affecting the L4 and L5 vertebral bodies. The osteolysis appeared to originate from preoperative vertebral defects caused by subchondral cysts. One patient underwent removal of the interbody cage at the L4-L5 level and revision of the fusion with iliac crest autograft. At 15-month follow-up, he had no complaints of back pain, and CT scanning revealed solid fusion across the L4-L5 disc space. The other patient was offered revision of his fusion but declined any further surgery. At 2-year follow-up, that patient had persistent back pain but still declined any further surgery. A CT scan revealed unchanged osteolysis at the L4 and L5 levels. It has been proposed that rhBMP-2-induced vertebral osteolysis occurring in TLIF

  3. Fusion

    CERN Document Server

    Mahaffey, James A

    2012-01-01

    As energy problems of the world grow, work toward fusion power continues at a greater pace than ever before. The topic of fusion is one that is often met with the most recognition and interest in the nuclear power arena. Written in clear and jargon-free prose, Fusion explores the big bang of creation to the blackout death of worn-out stars. A brief history of fusion research, beginning with the first tentative theories in the early 20th century, is also discussed, as well as the race for fusion power. This brand-new, full-color resource examines the various programs currently being funded or p

  4. Lumbar interbody fusion with porous biphasic calcium phosphate enhanced by recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2/silk fibroin sustained-released microsphere: an experimental study on sheep model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Liang; Liu, Hai-Long; Gu, Yong; Feng, Yu; Yang, Hui-Lin

    2015-03-01

    Biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) has been investigated extensively as a bone substitute nowadays. However, the bone formation capacity of BCP is limited owing to lack of osteoinduction. Silk fibroin (SF) has a structure similar to type I collagen, and could be developed to a microsphere for the sustained-release of rhBMP-2. In our previous report, bioactivity of BCP could be enhanced by rhBMP-2/SF microsphere (containing 0.5 µg rhBMP-2) in vitro. However, the bone regeneration performance of the composite in vivo was not investigated. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of BCP/rhBMP-2/SF in a sheep lumbar fusion model. A BCP and rhBMP-2/SF microsphere was developed, and then was integrated into a BCP/rhBMP-2/SF composite. BCP, BCP/rhBMP-2 and BCP/rhBMP-2/SF were implanted randomly into the disc spaces of 30 sheep at the levels of L1/2, L3/4 and L5/6. After sacrificed, the fusion segments were evaluated by manual palpation, CT scan, biomechanical testing and histology at 3 and 6 months, respectively. The composite demonstrated a burst-release of rhBMP-2 (39.1 ± 2.8 %) on the initial 4 days and a sustained-release (accumulative 81.3 ± 4.9 %) for more than 28 days. The fusion rates, semi-quantitative CT scores, fusion stiffness in bending in all directions and histologic scores of BCP/rhBMP-2/SF were significantly greater than BCP and BCP/rhBMP-2 at each time point, respectively (P sheep using BCP constructs.

  5. 非融合技术在老年退变性腰椎疾病中的应用%Non-fusion motion preservation stabilization techniques for degenerative lumbar diseases in the elderly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍骥; 文偃伍; 黄蓉蓉

    2012-01-01

    腰椎非融合外科技术因不固定脊柱节段,也许较融合术具有更多的优势.本文讨论了对于适合的老年患者,腰椎非融合术的主要类型、进展、适应证及禁忌证、存在的优势与不足.并对非融合技术在老年退变性腰椎疾病中的应用前景进行了展望.我们认为,各主要非融合技术在延缓治疗节段椎间盘退变的速度、保留该节段的运动功能、预防相邻节段的退变、减轻临床症状及改善生活质量等方面都显示出较融合术所具有的更多优势和更少的负面影响.%The non-fusion dynamic stabilization techniques maintain the motion of the lumbar vertebrae without fusion spinal segments, so it may have more advantages than fusion surgery. In this review, we discussed the main types, advance, indications and contraindications, advantages and disadvantages of the lumbar non-fusion surgical treatment for the eligible elderly patients. We believed that major non-fusion techniques had more advantages and less disadvantages in delaying the process of disc degeneration of the targeted segment, preserving the motion of segment, preventing degeneration of adjacent segments, alleviating clinical symptoms, and improving quality of life. There would be great prospect of the lumbar non-fusion surgery in the treatment of degenerative lumbar diseases.

  6. The effect of anterior longitudinal ligament resection on lordosis correction during minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion: Biomechanical and radiographic feasibility of an integrated spacer/plate interbody reconstruction device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Choll; Harris, Jonathan A; Muzumdar, Aditya; Khalil, Saif; Sclafani, Joseph A; Raiszadeh, Kamshad; Bucklen, Brandon S

    2017-03-01

    Lateral lumbar interbody fusion is powerful for correcting degenerative conditions, yet sagittal correction remains limited by anterior longitudinal ligament tethering. Although lordosis has been restored via ligament release, biomechanical consequences remain unknown. Investigators examined radiographic and biomechanical of ligament release for restoration of lumbar lordosis. Six fresh-frozen human cadaveric spines (L3-S1) were tested: (Miller et al., 1988) intact; (Battie et al., 1995) 8mm spacer with intact anterior longitudinal ligament; (Cho et al., 2013) 8mm spacer without intact ligament following ligament resection; (Galbusera et al., 2013) 13mm lateral lumbar interbody fusion; (Goldstein et al., 2001) integrated 13mm spacer. Focal lordosis and range of motion were assessed by applying pure moments in flexion-extension, lateral bending, and axial rotation. Cadaveric radiographs showed significant improvement in lordosis correction following ligament resection (P0.05) but did little to restore lordosis. Ligament release significantly destabilized the spine relative to intact in all modes and 8mm with ligament in lateral bending and axial rotation (P0.05). Lordosis corrected by lateral lumbar interbody fusion can be improved by anterior longitudinal ligament resection, but significant construct instability and potential implant migration/dislodgment may result. This study shows that an added integrated lateral fixation system can significantly improve construct stability. Long-term multicenter studies are needed. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. 退变性腰椎侧凸长节段固定融合的手术治疗%Long segmental fusion for degenerative lumbar scoliosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    海涌; 孟祥龙; 鲁世宝; 苏庆军; 关立; 臧磊; 刘玉增

    2013-01-01

    目的探讨选择性减压长节段固定融合治疗退变性腰椎侧凸(DLS)的手术疗效。方法回顾性分析2004年1月至2007年6月首都医科大学附属北京朝阳医院采用选择性减压、长节段固定融合手术治疗的19例DLS患者的临床资料。记录手术减压固定节段、失血量等相关情况,比较术前和末次随访时患者侧凸角度、腰椎前凸角度、视觉模拟量表(VAS)评分和Oswestry功能障碍指数(ODI)评分的差异。结果手术减压1~4个节段,固定融合5~9个节段,椎间融合15例患者,共24个节段。术前和末次随访时患者Cobb角、腰椎前凸角度、冠状面失平衡、矢状面失平衡、VAS评分、ODI评分比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。术后至少1年手术满意度调查结果显示,12例患者表示愿意再次接受手术治疗。术后9例出现并发症,其中硬脊膜漏2例,无其他严重并发症和死亡病例,无一例发生内固定失败。结论对于伴有脊柱冠状面和矢状面失平衡的DLS患者,有限减压和长节段固定融合可获得良好疗效。%Objective To analyze the surgical effect of selective decompression and long segmental fusion for degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS). Methods Nineteen DLS patients without prior spinal diseases were performed selective decompression and long segmental fusion from January 2004 to June 2007 in Chaoyang Hospital affiliated to Capital Medical University. Surgical segments as well as estimate blood loss were recorded, the differences of Cobb angles,lumbar lordotic angles, visual analogue scale (VAS) score and Oswestry disability index (ODI) between preoperation and the last follow-up were compared. Results Decompression involved 1-4 segments, fusion levels ranged from 5-9 vertebral bodies, and interbody fusion was performed in 15 patients and 24 levels were fused. The differences of Cobb angles, lumbar lordotic angles,coronal/sagittal imbalance

  8. Back pain improvement after decompression without fusion or stabilization in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and clinically significant preoperative back pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Charles H; Glassman, Steven D; Mummaneni, Praveen V; Knightly, John J; Asher, Anthony L

    2016-11-01

    OBJECTIVE The relief of leg symptoms by surgical decompression for lumbar stenosis is well supported by the literature. Less is known about the effect on back pain. Some surgeons believe that the relief of back pain should not be an expected outcome of decompression and that substantial back pain may be a contraindication to decompression only; therefore, stabilization may be recommended for patients with substantial preoperative back pain even in the absence of well-accepted indications for stabilization such as spondylolisthesis, scoliosis, or sagittal malalignment. The purpose of this study is to determine if patients with lumbar stenosis and substantial back pain-in the absence of spondylolisthesis, scoliosis, or sagittal malalignment-can obtain significant improvement after decompression without fusion or stabilization. METHODS Analysis of the National Neurosurgery Quality and Outcomes Database (N(2)QOD) identified 726 patients with lumbar stenosis (without spondylolisthesis or scoliosis) and a baseline back pain score ≥ 5 of 10 who underwent surgical decompression only. No patient was reported to have significant spondylolisthesis, scoliosis, or sagittal malalignment. Standard demographic and surgical variables were collected, as well as patient outcomes including back and leg pain scores, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and EuroQoL 5D (EQ-5D) at baseline and 3 and 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS The mean age of the cohort was 65.6 years, and 407 (56%) patients were male. The mean body mass index was 30.2 kg/m(2), and 40% of patients had 2-level decompression, 29% had 3-level decompression, 24% had 1-level decompression, and 6% had 4-level decompression. The mean estimated blood loss was 130 ml. The mean operative time was 100.85 minutes. The vast majority of discharges (88%) were routine home discharges. At 3 and 12 months postoperatively, there were significant improvements from baseline for back pain (7.62 to 3.19 to 3.66), leg pain (7.23 to 2.85 to

  9. 选择性经椎间孔椎体间融合术治疗腰椎退变性侧凸%Treatment of degenerative lumbar scoliosis with selective segmental transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雷; 柳超; 赵庆华; 田纪伟

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨后路椎弓根螺钉矫形结合选择性经椎间孔椎体间融合术(TLIF)治疗退行性腰椎侧凸的有效性.方法 选择2008年11月至2012年3月上海交通大学附属第一人民医院骨科腰椎退变性侧凸症,患者42例,男14例,女28例;年龄41~76岁,平均62.4岁.节段行TLIF的标准:运动节段存在前后或侧方明显移位、节段不稳定,冠状位L3或L4椎体明显倾斜;3个节段行TLIF3例,2个节段17例,1个节段22例.随访6个月~3年,平均1.6年.影像学评价包括腰椎侧凸Cobb角、腰椎前凸角;临床疗效评价ODI评分.结果 Cobb角术前平均(32.7±12.4)°,末次随访平均(9.2±5.5)°,与术前比较差异有统计学意义(t=14.86,P<0.05),术后改善率71.8%.腰椎前凸角术前平均(25.5±12.6)°,末次随访平均(39.3±8.5)°,与术前比较差异有统计学意义(t=12.11,P<0.05),术后改善率46.4%.术前ODI评分(43.8±5.6)分,术后ODI评分(18.7±1.8)分,术前术后ODI评分差异有统计学意义(t=19.25,P<0.05),末次随访ODI评分(23.6±2.3)分,疗效下降无显著性(P>0.05).86%患者下肢神经源性间歇性跛行缓解,92%患者自诉生活质量明显提高.6个月后复查X线片,腰椎融合节段达到骨性愈合,无假关节形成.结论 选择性TLIF的应用有利于进一步恢复腰椎前凸、矫正节段畸形和移位,从而提高脊柱后路融合术治疗退行性腰椎侧凸的临床疗效.%Objective To explore the treatment outcomes of degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS)with selective segmental transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF).Methods The clinical data were analyzed for a total of 42 cases with degenerative scoliosis from November 2008 to March 2011.There were 14 males and 28 females with a mean age of 62.4 years (range,41-76).The indications for TLIF of motion segment included segmental instability and significant upper endplate obliquities of L3 or LA.Interbody spinal fusion was performed for 3 segments in 3 cases

  10. A quantitative comparison of two kinematic protocols for lumbar segment motion during gait.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiernan, D; Malone, A; O'Brien, T; Simms, C K

    2015-02-01

    During gait analysis, motion of the lumbar region is tracked either by means of a 2-dimensional assessment with markers placed along the spine or a 3-dimensional assessment treating the lumbar region as a rigid segment. The rigid segment assumption is necessary for inverse dynamic calculations further up the kinematic chain. In the absence of a reference standard, the choice of model is mostly based on clinical experience. However, the potential exists for large differences in kinematic output if different protocols are used. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of using two 3-dimensional lumbar segment protocols on the resultant kinematic output during gait. The first protocol was a skin surface rigid protocol with markers placed across the lumbar region while the second consisted of a rigid cluster utilizing active markers applied over the 3rd lumbar vertebra. Data from both protocols were compared through simultaneous recording during gait. Overall variability was lower in 4 out of 6 measures for the skin surface protocol. Ensemble average graphs demonstrated similar mean profiles between protocols. However, Functional Limits of Agreement demonstrated only a poor to moderate agreement. This trend was confirmed with a poor to moderate waveform similarity (CMC range 0.29-0.71). This study demonstrates that the protocol used to track lumbar segment kinematics is an important consideration for clinical and research purposes. Greater variability recorded by the rigid cluster during lumbar rotation suggests the skin surface protocol may be more suited to studies where axial rotation is a consideration.

  11. 融合修复双节段腰椎滑脱:椎间高度与骨盆倾斜角及骶骨倾斜角的随访%Fusion for treating double-segment lumbar spondylisthesis:follow-up evaluation of lumbar height, pelvic tilt angle and sacral slope angle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨思振; 马进峰; 王德春

    2015-01-01

      方法:双节段腰椎滑脱患者20例,均采用腰椎后路椎间融合治疗,即后路腰椎管减压、神经根松解、椎体间植骨融合、椎弓根螺钉系统复位固定治疗。固定前1 d、固定后1周,固定后3,6个月及固定后1年并以后每隔一年均行腰腿痛目测类比评分,使用Oswestry功能障碍指数问卷调查表评价临床功能恢复情况,并通过影像学检查观察滑脱恢复情况、椎间高度、骨盆倾斜角、骶骨倾斜角和植骨融合情况,综合评价临床疗效。结果与结论:患者20例均获随访,随访时间6个月至3年,目测类比评分及Oswestry功能障碍指数得分固定后及末次随访较固定前降低(P OBJECTIVE:To investigate the clinical efficacy of posterior lumbar interbody fusion with pedicle screws in treatment of double-segment lumbar spondylolisthesis. METHODS:Twenty patients with double-segment lumbar spondylolisthesis were treated with posterior lumbar interbody fusion with pedicle screws, including posterior lumbar-spinal canal decompression, nerve root release, interbody graft fusion, pedicle screws reduction and fixation. Clinical functional recovery was assessed by Oswestry disability index and visual analog scale. Radiographic data including lumbar slippery percentage, lumbar slippery angle, lumbar height, pelvic tilt angle and sacral slope angle were measured. Al data was col ected 1 day before surgery, 1 day, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after surgery, and every year constantly. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Al 20 patients were fol owed up for 6 months to 3 years. Oswestry disability index and visual analog scale were lower after surgery and at the final fol ow-up, when compared with before surgery (P<0.05). Lumbar disc height was significantly increased after surgery and at the final fol ow-up, than those of pre-operation (P<0.05). Lumbar slippery percentage, pelvic tilt angle and sacral slope angle were improved significantly after

  12. Biomechanical comparison of interspinous distraction device and facet screw fixation system on the motion of lumbar spine: a finite element analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Hongwei; Wang Xiaohong; Chen Wenchuan; Zhao Fuqiang; Xiang Liangbi; Zhou Yue; Cheng Chengkung

    2014-01-01

    Background A large amount of biomechanical and clinical evidence from previous studies suggest the efficiency of the two different posterior lumber non-fusion methods,interspinous distraction device (ISDD) and facet screw fixation system (FSS),but the biomechanical comparison of ISDD and FSS has not been thoroughly clarified.Methods In the current study,finite element methods were used to investigate the biomechanical comparison of ISDD and FSS.The range of motion (ROM),intradiscal pressure (IDP) and the protective effects gained by maintaining disc heights were evaluated.Results The ROM was similar between the two non-fusion methods under static standing,flexion and lateral bending.The FSS appeared to be more effective in resisting extension.At the implanted level L3/4,FSS displayed better results for maintaining and increasing posterior disc heights.At the L4/5 level in extension and lateral bending,FSS was better than ISDD,with comparable results observed in other motions.Comparing the posterior and lateral disc heights,FSS appeared to be more effective than ISDD.FSS also had a minor effect on the inferior adjacent segment than ISDD.FSS was more effective in reducing IDP than ISDD in extension.Conclusion Through the finite element analysis study,it can be seen that FSS demonstrates more beneficial biomechanical outcomes than does ISDD,such as being more effective in resisting extension,maintaining and increasing lumbar disc heights and reducing the inferior adjacent IDP in extension.

  13. 潜行减压单侧改良TLIF手术治疗腰椎退行性疾患%Preliminary efficacy of decompressive unilateral improved transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) for the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张居适; 胡松峰; 李志龙

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察椎管潜行减压单侧改良经椎间孔腰椎间融合术(transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion,TLIF)手术治疗腰椎退行性疾病的临床疗效。方法:自2009年8月至2011年12月,采用椎管潜行减压单侧改良TLIF手术治疗腰椎退行性疾病患者28例,其中男16例,女12例;年龄46~71岁,平均61岁;病程6个月~6年。腰椎管狭窄症20例,腰椎间盘突出症8例。潜行减压范围:单节段24例,双节段4例。左侧15例,右侧13例。采用JOA下腰痛评分系统(29分)评价手术前后临床症状、体征及括约肌功能;并采用视觉模拟评分(VAS)评估手术前后腰腿痛情况。结果:28例患者获随访,时间6~28个月,平均14个月。术后JOA、VAS评分(17.9±2.2、2.8±0.7)与术前(8.5±1.7、8.6±1.2)比较有明显改善(P<0.05)。28例患者椎间均达到骨性融合。结论:采用椎管潜行减压单侧改良TLIF手术治疗单侧根性症状的腰椎管狭窄症、腰椎间盘突出症,具有创伤小、疗效确切的优点;能明显节省医疗费用,值得临床研究推广。%Objective:To observe preliminary efficacy of decompressive unilateral improved transforaminal lumbar inter-body fusion(TLIF) for the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases. Methods:From August 2009 to December 2011,28 pa-tients with lumbar degenerative diseases were treated by decompressive unilateral improved TLIF ,including 16 males and 12 females with an average of 61 (aged 46 to 71) years old,the courses of disease ranged from 6 months to 6 years. Among them , 20 cases suffered from lumbar spinal stenosis ,8 cases were lumbar disc herniation. Decompressive range included single seg-ment in 24 cases,and double segments in 4 cases;15 cases were performed operation on the left side,13 cases on the right side. JOA lower back pain scoring system (29 points) were applied for evaluate preoperative and postoperative

  14. 探讨后路椎间盘摘除椎弓根钉内固定结合Cage植骨治疗腰椎间盘突出症的临床效果%Clinical Effect of Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion and Pedicle Screw Fixation Combined With Cage Bone Graft in the Treatment of Lumbar Disc Herniation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁涛

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the feasibility of posterior lumbar interbody fusion and pedicle screw fixation combined with Cage bone graft in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation. Methods 86 patients with lumbar disc herniation were col ected. The patients in the study group were treated with posterior lumbar interbody fusion and pedicle screw fixation combined with Cage bone graft. The control group was treated with simple bone graft. Results There were significant differences in the treatment effect of the two groups after 6 months. Conclusion The treatment of lumbar disc herniation by posterior lumbar interbody fusion with pedicle screw fixation combined with Cage bone graft is effective and safe.%目的:探究腰椎间盘突出症使用后路椎间盘摘除椎弓根钉内固定结合 Cage 植骨治疗的可行性。方法收集腰椎间盘突出症患者86名,研究组使用后路椎间盘摘除椎弓根钉内固定结合 Cage 植骨治疗方案,对照组使用单纯植骨治疗方案。结果术后6个月两组患者治疗效果的差异具有统计学意义。结论腰椎间盘突出症使用后路椎间盘摘除椎弓根钉内固定结合 Cage 植骨治疗,具有较高的有效率和安全性。

  15. Dynamic stabilization using the Dynesys system versus posterior lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of degenerative lumbar spinal disease: a clinical and radiological outcomes-based meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chang-Hyun; Jahng, Tae-Ahn; Hyun, Seung-Jae; Kim, Chi Heon; Park, Sung-Bae; Kim, Ki-Jeong; Chung, Chun Kee; Kim, Hyun-Jib; Lee, Soo-Eon

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE The Dynesys, a pedicle-based dynamic stabilization (PDS) system, was introduced to overcome the drawbacks of fusion procedures. Nevertheless, the theoretical advantages of PDS over fusion have not been clearly confirmed. The aim of this study was to compare clinical and radiological outcomes of patients who underwent PDS using the Dynesys system with those who underwent posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF). METHODS The authors searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Database. Studies that reported outcomes of patients who underwent PDS or PLIF for the treatment of degenerative lumbar spinal disease were included. The primary efficacy end points were perioperative outcomes. The secondary efficacy end points were changes in the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and back and leg pain visual analog scale (VAS) scores and in range of motion (ROM) at the treated and adjacent segments. A meta-analysis was performed to calculate weighted mean differences (WMDs), 95% confidence intervals, Q statistics, and I(2) values. Forest plots were constructed for each analysis group. RESULTS Of the 274 retrieved articles, 7 (which involved 506 participants [Dynesys, 250; PLIF, 256]) met the inclusion criteria. The Dynesys group showed a competitive advantage in mean surgery duration (20.73 minutes, 95% CI 8.76-32.70 minutes), blood loss (81.87 ml, 95% CI 45.11-118.63 ml), and length of hospital stay (1.32 days, 95% CI 0.23-2.41 days). Both the Dynesys and PLIF groups experienced improved ODI and VAS scores after 2 years of follow-up. Regarding the ODI and VAS scores, no statistically significant difference was noted according to surgical procedure (ODI: WMD 0.12, 95% CI -3.48 to 3.72; back pain VAS score: WMD -0.15; 95% CI -0.56 to 0.26; leg pain VAS score: WMD -0.07; 95% CI -0.47 to 0.32). The mean ROM at the adjacent segment increased in both groups, and there was no substantial difference between them (WMD 1.13; 95% CI -0.33 to 2.59). Although the

  16. Incidence and risk factors for the progression of proximal junctional kyphosis in degenerative lumbar scoliosis following long instrumented posterior spinal fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hui; Ma, Lei; Yang, Dalong; Wang, Tao; Yang, Sidong; Wang, Yanhong; Wang, Qian; Zhang, Feng; Ding, Wenyuan

    2016-08-01

    The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) in degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS) following long instrumented posterior spinal fusion, and to search for predictable risk factors for the progression of junctional kyphosis.In total 98 DLS patients with a minimum 2-year follow-up were reviewed prospectively. According to the occurrence of PJK at the last follow-up, patients were divided into 2 groups: PJK group and non-PJK group. To investigate risk values for the progression of PJK, 3 categorized factors were analyzed statistically: patient characteristics-preoperative data of age, sex, body mass index (BMI), bone mineral density (BMD) were investigated; surgical variables-the most proximal and distal levels of the instrumentation, the number of instrumented levels; pre- and postoperative radiographic parameters include the scoliotic angle, sagittal vertical axis, thoracic kyphosis, thoracolumbar junctional angle, lumbar lordosis, pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt, and sacral slope.PJK was developed in 17 of 98 patients (17.3%) until to the final follow-up and were enrolled as the PJK group, and 81 patients without PJK at final follow-up were enrolled as the non-PJK group. There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in age at operation (P = 0.900). The patient's sex was excluded in statistical analysis because of the predominance of female patients. There were statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in BMI ([25.5 ± 1.7] kg/m in the PJK group and [23.6 ± 1.9] kg/m in the non-PJK group, P 25 kg/m, osteoporosis, and UIV at thoracolumbar junction were independently associated with PJK.In conclusion, osteoporosis, obesity, and UIV at thoracolumbar junction are risk factors for the development and progression of PJK in DLS patients following long instrumented posterior spinal fusion. Antiosteoporosis treatment extends the fusion level above the thoracolumbar

  17. The accuracy of 3D image navigation with a cutaneously fixed dynamic reference frame in minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Ji Young; Chan, Chee Keong; Lee, Sang-Ho; Lee, Ho-Yeon

    2012-01-01

    In contrast to preoperative image-based 3D navigation systems, which require surgeon-dependent registration, an intraoperative cone-beam computed tomography (cb-CT) image-based 3D navigation system allows automatic registration during the acquisition of 3D images intraoperatively. Thus, the need for spinal exposure for point matching is obviated, making a cb-CT image-based navigation system ideal for use in minimally invasive spinal procedures. Conventionally, the dynamic reference frame (DRF) is mounted to an adjacent spinous process or iliac bone through a separate incision. However, the close proximity of the DRF to the surgical area may result in its interfering with the surgical procedure or causing streak artifacts on the navigation images. Cutaneous placement of the DRF overlying the sacral hiatus is one possible solution to these problems, but such a placement does not provide a solid bony fixation point and is distant from the surgical area, both of which factors may hinder the accuracy of the navigation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a novel idea for DRF placement in a series of mini-open transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) procedures performed with intraoperative cb-CT image-based 3D navigation. From June 2009 to December 2009, 20 patients underwent mini-open TLIF for a total 82 pedicle screws placed in the lumbar spine with cutaneous placement of the DRF overlying the sacral hiatus. The pedicle screws were inserted under navigational guidance using cb-CT data acquired intraoperatively with a Medtronic O-arm. Screw positions were subsequently checked with a final intraoperative cb-CT scan. Nineteen patients underwent single-level fusion (8 at L4-5, 6 at L5-S1, 4 at L3-4, and 1 at L2-3) and one patient underwent two-level fusion (from L3-5). There were 4 (4.9%) pedicle perforations greater than 2 mm out of the 82 pedicle screw insertions in the 20 patients. Two of these breached screws were repositioned and

  18. 异体骨垫在腰椎结核椎间融合术中的临床应用%Clinical application of allogeneic bone pad in intervertebral fusion of lumbar spine tuberculosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范相成; 关玉成; 贾勇; 邵向明

    2012-01-01

    [目的]评价异体骨垫在腰椎结核椎间融合中的临床应用效果.[方法]2005年6月~2009年11月,采用异体骨垫对腰椎单节段结核病灶清除后进行植骨融合41例.[结果]所有病例全部治愈,未发生结核复发,椎间融合率100%.[结论]采用异体骨垫对腰椎单节段结核病灶清除后进行植骨融合,方法简单,效果可靠,值得临床应用.%[Objective] To clinically evaluate the application effect of allogeneic bone pad in interveitebral fusion of lumbar spine tuberculosis. [Methods] Forty -one cases of bone graft fusion were performed with allogeneic bone pad after clearance of tuberculose focus at single lumbar segment from June 2005 to November 2009. [ Results] All patients were cured without recurrence of tuberculosis and the ratio of interveitebral fusion were 100%. [Conclusion] For its reliability and simplicity, bone graft fusion with allogeneic bone pad is worthy of clinical application after clearance of tuberculose focus at single lumbar segment

  19. Comparison of preoperative neuroradiographic findings and surgical findings in lumbar disc herniation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahara, Kazuhiro; Sera, Keisuke; Nakamura, Masakazu; Uchida, Takeshi [Nagasaki Mitsubishi Hospital (Japan); Ito, Nobuyuki

    1997-09-01

    Surgical findings in lumbar disc hernia were compared to pre-operative MRI, CTM and myelogram findings. Ninety-one cases were studied using Love`s method. The accuracy of hernia diagnosis in MRI was 59.3%, 41.2% in CTM, and 35.2% in myelogram. At the L5/S1 disc level, the accuracy of hernia diagnosis by CTM and myelogram was decreased. MRI was useful for the diagnosis and cure of lumbar disc herniation. (author)

  20. 微创经椎间孔腰椎椎间融合术治疗老年腰椎退变性疾病%Minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for lumbar degenerative diseases in elder-ly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈云生; 陈荣春; 郭朝阳; 游辉; 钟红发; 张树芳

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: To evaluate outcomes of posterior transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MI-TLIF) under Pipeline expandable access system for lumbar degenerative diseases in elderly. Methods: From Febru-ary 2010 to June 2012, 46 elderly patients with lumbar degenerative diseases who underwent TLIF by using two different approaches were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were classified into observation group(MI-TLIF group) and control group(conventional open TLIF, CO-TLIF) according to the operative methods. There were 24 cases in observation group including 15 males and 9 females, aged from 60 to 79 years (average, 66.3 years), and the course of diseases ranging from 6 to 60 months(average, 18.5 months); 22 cases in con-trol group including 10 males and 12 females, aged from 62 to 75 years(average, 67.0 years), and course of diseases ranging from 8 to 64 months(average, 22.6 months). The blood loss, operation time, amount of blood transfusion and postoperative complications were compared. The clinical outcomes of both groups were evalu-ated by using the VAS(at postoperative 1 week, 3 months and the final follow-up) and ODI(at postoperative 3 months and the final follow-up), respectively. The bony fusion of both groups were assessed by the Suk stan-dard at the final follow-up. Results: There were significant differences on blood loss, amount of blood trans-fusion and postoperative complications (P0.05). All patients were followed up for an average of 18 months(range, 13 to 26 months). The VAS and ODI of both groups at each time point postoperatively experienced improvement compared with the preoperation (P0.05). Conclusions: MI-TLIF has similar surgical outcome with CO-TLIF for lumbar degenerative diseases in elderly, but the former has less blood loss and complications than the latter.%目的:探讨Pipeline可扩张通道辅助下行后路经椎间孔腰椎椎间融合术(minimally invasive transforam-inal lumbar interbody fusion,MI-TLIF)治疗老年腰

  1. Radiological and clinical outcomes of posterolateral fusion versus posterior lumbar interbody fusion for spondylolisthesis%两种融合手术治疗腰椎滑脱症的影像学及临床疗效比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田海军; 陈德玉; 卢旭华; 袁文; 王新伟; 何志敏; 陈宇; 杨海松

    2009-01-01

    Objective To compare two different kinds of operation: instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF) and instrumented posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) in the treatment of low grade spondylolisthesis. Methods We retrospectively analyzed patients who received these two kinds of operation for low grade spondylolisthesis between June 2004 and December 2006, including PLF in 53 and PLIF in 60. Disc height, Boxall index, segment angle and area of intervertebral foramen were compared both before and after the operation and during the follow-ups as radiological measurement. The Oswestry disability index(OPI) and visual analogue scale (VAS) were measured to compare low back pain, leg pain, and disability. Anatomical reduction rate and fusion rate were also calculated. The radiological measurements and the clinical indexes were compared at the last follow-up. Results The average operation time and blood loss was: PLIF, (194.3±54.7) min, (402.2±123.9) ml; PLF, (179.3±45.7) min, (367.2±102.3) mi, which were of no statistical significance. PLIF group turned up better results in all the post operation radiological measurements, which was statistically significant. The fusion rate was 96.7% and 86.8% respectively, which was not statistically different. The VAS for both lumbar and leg pain as well as the ODI were improved either post operation or in the one year follow-up. The excellent rate for subjective evaluation was 56.7% in PLIF group and 37.7% in PLF group. Conclusion Instrumented PLIF is an effective treatment for low grade spondylolisthesis. It has yield superiority over PLF in correction of spondylolisthesis, maintenance of disc height, regaining of lumbar lordosis and enlargement of intervertebral foramen area, and contributes to a higher rate of excellent results.%目的 比较腰椎后路椎体间融合术(posterior lumbar interbody fusion,PLIF)和腰椎后外侧融合术(posterolateral lumbar fusion,PLF)治疗腰椎滑脱症患者手术前后及随访

  2. Lumbar decompression and fusion in elderly osteoporotic patients: a prospective study using less rigid titanium rod fixation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavagna, Remi; Tournier, Clement; Aunoble, Stephane; Bouler, Jean M; Antonietti, Pierre; Ronai, Martin; Le Huec, Jean-Charles

    2008-04-01

    A 2 to 4-year clinical and radiologic prospective study was conducted for 39 patients over the age of 65 treated by lumbar arthrodesis. Evaluate the quality of lumbar arthrodesis results in elderly patients, in which the bone osteoporosis (poor quality of the spine's anatomic components) and general factors (frequent comorbidity) are likely to make this surgery difficult if not dangerous and evaluate a dedicated instrumentation for osteoporotic bone. Thirty-nine patients over 65 years of age (average 73 y) underwent arthrodesis surgery in 2001 and 2002 and were followed for at least 2 years. The instrumentation used (Equation, Medtronic, Memphis, USA) was selected for its mechanical properties adapted for bone of poor mechanical quality. The clinical analysis was based on Oswestry, Visual Analog Scale, and Japanese Orthopaedic Association scores. Radiologic results were evaluated on standard anteroposterior, lateral, and 3/4 radiographs, and computed tomography scans if necessary. All the patients were followed for 2 to 4 years. Clinical analysis confirmed a very satisfactory progression of the clinical parameters such as lumbar and radicular pain, and the results were maintained between the first and second years and at last follow-up. No serious general complication or need for reoperation was seen in this series. On x-rays, 35 grafts appear to have fused. The anchors did not come out nor did the instrumentation come apart. On the other hand, 2-year radiographs revealed that 2 screws and 2 rods had failed, but this did not affect correction in the 4 completely asymptomatic patients. These 4 cases are considered stable at last follow-up. Arthrodesis for elderly patients will undoubtedly increase in the coming years. The conditions for this surgery are different than those for younger patients and it is desirable to try to provide reliable surgical techniques and solutions regarding options for instrumentation and overall perioperative care for these fragile

  3. Biomechanical comparison of lumbar spine with or without spina bifida occulta. A finite element analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sairyo, K; Goel, V K; Vadapalli, S; Vishnubhotla, S L; Biyani, A; Ebraheim, N; Terai, T; Sakai, T

    2006-07-01

    Biomechanical study using finite element model (FEM) of lumbar spine. Very high coincidence of spina bifida occulta (SBO) has been reported more than in 60% of lumbar spondylolysis. The altered biomechanics due to SBO is one considerable factor for this coincidence. Thus, in this study, the biomechanical changes in the lumbar spine due to the presence of SBO were evaluated. United States of America (USA). An experimentally validated three-dimensional nonlinear FEM of the intact ligamentous L3-S1 segment was used and modified to simulate two kinds of SBO at L5. One model had SBO with no change in the length of the spinous process and the other had a small dysplastic spinous process. Von Mises stresses at pars interarticularis were analyzed in the six degrees of lumbar motion with 400 N axial compression, which simulates the standing position. The range of motion at L4/5 and L5/S1 were also calculated. It was observed that the stresses in all the models were similar, and there was no change in the highest stress value when compared to the intact model. The range of motion was also similar in all the models. The lumbar kinematics of SBO was thus shown to be similar to the intact model. SBO does not alter lumbar biomechanics with respect to stress and range of motion. The high coincidence of spondylolysis in spines with SBO may not be due to the mechanical factors.

  4. The role of bone SPECT/CT in the evaluation of lumbar spinal fusion with metallic fixation devices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Morten; Nimb, Lars; Madsen, Jan L

    2010-01-01

    PURPOSE: It is difficult to evaluate the stability of the lumbar spondylodesis with metallic fixation devices by conventional imaging methods such as radiography or magnetic resonance imaging. It is unknown whether single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) may...... be useful to detect a lack of fixation of the pedicle screws and hence to predict instability of the fused vertebral segments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 9 patients who were referred to bone scintigraphy, including combined SPECT/CT, due to persistent pain or discomfort after...

  5. Clinical efficacy of modified posterior lumbar interbody fusion on degenerative lumbar dis-ease%改良后路椎间植骨融合术治疗腰椎退行性疾病

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭小云; 蒲涛; 刘计鲁; 赵丽; 刘伟; 许轩铭

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨改良后路椎间植骨融合术(PLIF)治疗腰椎退行性疾病的临床效果。方法将186例腰椎退行性病变伴腰腿痛的患者分成两组,分别使用改良 PLIF 和传统 PLIF 治疗。记录所有患者术前、术后 VAS 评分和 JOA 评分。结果两组术后住院时间差异无统计学意义(P >0.05),而手术时间及术中出血量改良 PLIF组均优于传统 PLIF 组(P <0.05)。患者均获随访,时间6~36个月。JOA 评分:两组术后3个月和末次随访与术前比较差异均有统计学意义(P <0.05),术后3个月与末次随访比较差异均无统计学意义(P >0.05)。末次随访时两组 JOA 评分、VAS 评分比较差异均无统计学意义(P >0.05)。结论改良 PLIF 治疗腰椎退行性疾病可以获得与传统 PLIF 相同的临床效果,且具有手术时间短、术中出血少及组织损伤轻等优点。%Objective To explore the clinical outcomes of modified posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF)in the treatment of degenerative lumbar disease.Methods 186 patients with degenerative lumbar disease were divided into 2 groups and treated with traditional PLIF and modified PLIF respectively.Visual analogue scale (VAS)scores and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA)scores were recorded before and after the treatment.Results The postop-erative hospital stay was not different (P >0.05 ),but there were significant differences between the 2 groups in terms of operation time and blood loss (P 0.05).Neither was the JOA score (P >0.05).Conclusions Functional outcome of modified PLIF is similar to traditional PLIF technique in the treatment of degenerative lumbar disease.But it has shorter operation time,and less blood loss and tissue damage.

  6. Long-Term Outcomes of Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion Using Stand-Alone Ray Threaded Cage for Degenerative Disk Disease: A 20-Year Follow-Up

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medrano, Belen G.; Noriega, David C.

    2016-01-01

    Study Design Retrospective study. Purpose To analyze outcomes of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) stand-alone cages. Overview of Literature PLIF for degenerative disk disease using stand-alone cages has lost its popularity owing to implant-related complications and pseudoarthrosis. Methods We analyzed the records of 45 patients (18 women, 27 men), operated between January 1994 and December 1996, with a mean follow-up of 18 years 3 months (20 years 3 months–22 years 3 months). Clinical outcomes were measured using visual analogue score (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Odom's criteria, and radiological measurements of fusion rate, Cobb angle, and implant-related complications conducted at the preoperative evaluation, hospital discharge, 12-month follow-up, and final follow-up. Results Preoperative mean VAS (back) was 6.9 and VAS (radicular) was 7.2, with mean improvements (p Pseudoarthrosis was observed in five patients (11.1%), of whom, three (6.6%) required re-operation. Preoperative disk height was 9.23 mm, which increased to 13.33 mm in the immediate postoperative evaluation and was maintained at 10.0 mm at the final follow-up (p <0.05). The preoperative mean L1–S1 Cobb angle was 34.7°, which changed to 44.7° in the immediate postoperative evaluation and dropped to 39.7° at the final follow-up (p <0.005). Conclusions PLIF stand-alone cages were associated with good clinical outcomes. Although the fusion rate was excellent, maintenance of disk heights and a lordotic alignment were not achieved in the long term. PMID:27994787

  7. Demineralized Bone Matrix (DBM) as a Bone Void Filler in Lumbar Interbody Fusion: A Prospective Pilot Study of Simultaneous DBM and Autologous Bone Grafts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Bum-Joon; Kim, Se-Hoon; Lee, Haebin; Lee, Seung-Hwan; Kim, Won-Hyung; Jin, Sung-Won

    2017-01-01

    Objective Solid bone fusion is an essential process in spinal stabilization surgery. Recently, as several minimally invasive spinal surgeries have developed, a need of artificial bone substitutes such as demineralized bone matrix (DBM), has arisen. We investigated the in vivo bone growth rate of DBM as a bone void filler compared to a local autologous bone grafts. Methods From April 2014 to August 2015, 20 patients with a one or two-level spinal stenosis were included. A posterior lumbar interbody fusion using two cages and pedicle screw fixation was performed for every patient, and each cage was packed with autologous local bone and DBM. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) of leg pain and back pain and the Korean Oswestry Disability Index (K-ODI). Clinical outcome parameters and range of motion (ROM) of the operated level were collected preoperatively and at 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year postoperatively. Computed tomography was performed 1 year after fusion surgery and bone growth of the autologous bone grafts and DBM were analyzed by ImageJ software. Results Eighteen patients completed 1 year of follow-up, including 10 men and 8 women, and the mean age was 56.4 (32–71). The operated level ranged from L3/4 to L5/S1. Eleven patients had single level and 7 patients had two-level repairs. The mean back pain NRS improved from 4.61 to 2.78 (p=0.003) and the leg pain NRS improved from 6.89 to 2.39 (posteoporosis. PMID:28264244

  8. Removal of lumbar disc with cage bone graft fusion and internal fixation for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation%腰椎间盘摘除加cage植骨融合内固定治疗腰椎间盘突出症

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张亚; 冯虎; 李健华; 刁天月; 蒋学军; 杨挺

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨腰椎间盘摘除加cage植骨融合内固定治疗腰椎间盘突出症的临床疗效。方法对32例腰椎间盘突出症患者行腰椎间盘摘除加cage植骨融合内固定术,采用Oswestry功能障碍指数( ODI)和疼痛视觉模拟评分( VAS)对手术疗效进行评估。结果患者均获得随访,时间12~36(18±6.5)个月。患者术后疼痛均明显缓解,功能改善,术后ODI与VAS评分均较术前明显降低,差异有统计学意义( P<0.05)。术后融合节段均骨性愈合。随访期间内cage位置正常,内固定物无断裂及滑脱。结论腰椎间盘摘除加cage植骨融合内固定术能增加脊柱的稳定性及脊柱融合率,缓解患者症状及改善功能,临床疗效满意。%Objective To investigate the clinical effect of removal of lumbar disc with cage bone graft fusion and in-ternal fixation for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation. Methods 32 patients with lumbar disc herniation who un-derwent removal of lumbar disc with cage bone graft fusion and internal fixation systems. Oswestry disability index ( ODI) and visual analogue scale ( VAS) were used to evaluate the surgical effect. Results All patients were fol-lowed up for 12 ~36 ( 18 ± 6. 5 ) months. The postoperative pain was significantly relieved and function was im-proved, postoperative ODI and VAS decreased significantly comparing with that of the preoperation (P<0. 05). All fusion segments achieved solid fusion, all these implants were in good places without displacement or internal fixation failure. Conclusions Removal of lumbar disc with cage bone graft fusion and internal fixation for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation can increase the stability of the spine and the rate of fusion, significantly relieve symptoms and improve patients′function, which can obtain a satisfactory clinical effect.

  9. Do Lumbar Decompression and Fusion Patients Recall Their Preoperative Status?: A Cohort Study of Recall Bias in Patient-Reported Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleem, Ilyas S; Duncan, Jonathan; Ahmed, Amin M; Zarrabian, Mohammad; Eck, Jason; Rhee, John; Clarke, Michelle; Currier, Bradford L; Nassr, Ahmad

    2017-01-15

    Prospective cohort study. To characterize the accuracy of patient recollection of preoperative symptoms after lumbar spine surgery. Although patient-reported outcomes have become important in the evaluation of spine surgery patients, the accuracy of patient recall remains unknown. Patients undergoing lumbar decompression with or without fusion were enrolled. Back and leg Numeric Pain Scores and Oswestry Disability Indices were recorded preoperatively. Patients were asked to recall their preoperative status at a minimum of 1 year after surgery. Actual and recalled scores were compared using paired t tests and relations were quantified using Pearson correlation coefficients. Multivariable linear regression was used to identify factors that affected recollection. Sixty-two patients with a mean age of 66.1 years were included. Compared to their preoperative scores, patients showed significant improvement in back pain (mean difference [MD] = -3.2, 95% CI -4.0 to -2.4), leg pain (MD -3.3, 95% CI -4.3 to -2.2), and disability (MD -25.0%, 95% CI -28.7 to -19.6). Patient recollection of preoperative status was significantly more severe than actual for back pain (MD +2.3, 95% CI 1.5-3.2), leg pain (MD +1.8, 95% CI 0.9-2.7), and disability (MD +9.6%, 95% CI 5.6-14.0). No significant correlation between actual and recalled scores with regards to back (r = 0.18) or leg (r = 0.24) pain and only moderate correlation with disability (r = 0.44) were seen. This was maintained across age, sex, and time between date of surgery and recollection. More than 40% of patients switched their predominant symptom from back pain to leg pain or leg pain to back pain on recall. Relying on patient recollection does not provide an accurate measure of preoperative status after lumbar spine surgery. Recall bias indicates the importance of obtaining true baseline scores and patient-reported outcomes prospectively and not retrospectively. 2.

  10. 核心稳定性训练与植入物内固定腰椎融合修复退变性腰椎滑脱:腰椎功能评价%Core stabilization exercises, implant fixation and lumbar fusion for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis:lumbar function evaluation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗盛飞; 张德俭

    2015-01-01

    背景:腰椎退变性疾病是脊柱外科中的常见病、多发病,并且随着年龄的增加,发病率升高。目的:通过对腰椎退变性疾病不同分期植入物内固定腰椎融合治疗及功能训练后脊柱稳定性分析,为提高临床治疗效果改善患者生活质量提供指导。方法:①采用前瞻性随机对照设计,将52例Ⅰ度、Ⅱ度退变性腰椎滑脱患者随机分为训练组和对照组,每组26例。对照组给予传统训练,训练组给予核心稳定性训练,疗程24周。分别在治疗后6,12,24周进行数字疼痛评分和Oswestry功能障碍指数疗效评定。②通过数据库文献检索方法评估腰椎融合及植入物内固定修复退变性腰椎滑脱后的脊柱稳定性。结果与结论:①治疗24周后,训练组的数字疼痛评分和Oswestry功能障碍指数均明显低于对照组(P <0.05或P <0.01)。核心稳定性训练对腰椎滑脱患者疼痛的缓解和恢复机体活动能力有显著效果。核心稳定性训练对退变性腰椎滑脱所致的慢性腰痛及功能改善优于传统的功能训练。②椎弓根固定并后外侧融合与后侧椎体间融合都可有效治疗Ⅱ度以内腰椎滑脱,后侧椎体间融合能更好的维持滑脱矫形及结构的稳定,后外侧融合后期易出现矫正丢失及内固定失败等问题,但临床疗效不受明显影响。%BACKGROUND:Lumbar degenerative disease is a common and frequently occurring disease in spinal surgery. With increasing age, the incidence rate is increased. OBJECTIVE: To elevate clinical outcomes and improve the quality of life of patients by analyzing spinal stability after lumbar implant fixation fusion and functional training in treatment of lumbar degenerative disease. METHODS: (1) We used a prospective randomized controled design. The 52 patients with I° or II° degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis were randomly divided into two groups, with 26 cases in each group

  11. Accuracy of bone SPECT/CT for identifying hardware loosening in patients who underwent lumbar fusion with pedicle screws

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hudyana, Hendrah; Maes, Alex [AZ Groeninge, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kortrijk (Belgium); University Hospital Leuven, Department of Morphology and Medical Imaging, Leuven (Belgium); Vandenberghe, Thierry; Fidlers, Luc [AZ Groeninge, Department of Neurosurgery, Kortrijk (Belgium); Sathekge, Mike [University of Pretoria, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Pretoria (South Africa); Nicolai, Daniel [AZ Groeninge, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kortrijk (Belgium); Wiele, Christophe van de [AZ Groeninge, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kortrijk (Belgium); University Ghent, Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Ghent (Belgium)

    2016-02-15

    The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the accuracy of bone SPECT (single photon emission computed tomography)/CT (computed tomography) in diagnosing loosening of fixation material in patients with recurrent or persistent back pain that underwent lumbar arthrodesis with pedicle screws using surgery and clinical follow-up as gold standard A total of 48 patients (median age 49 years, range 21-81 years; 17 men) who had undergone lumbar spinal arthrodesis were included in this retrospective analysis. SPECT/CT results were compared to the gold standard of surgical evaluation or clinical follow-up. Positive SPECT/CT results were considered true positives if findings were confirmed by surgery or if clinical and other examinations were completely consistent with the positive SPECT/CT finding. They were considered false positives if surgical evaluation did not find any loose pedicle screws or if symptoms subsided with non-surgical therapy. Negative SPECT/CT scans were considered true negatives if symptoms either improved without surgical intervention or remained stable over a minimum follow-up period of 6 months. Negative SPECT/CT scans were determined to be false negatives if surgery was still required and loosening of material was found. The median length of time from primary surgery to bone SPECT/CT referral was 29.5 months (range 12-192 months). Median follow-up was 18 months (range 6-57) for subjects who did not undergo surgery. Thirteen of the 48 patients were found to be positive for loosening on bone SPECT/CT. Surgical evaluation (8 patients) and clinical follow-up (5 patients) showed that bone SPECT/CT correctly predicted loosening in 9 of 13 patients, while it falsely diagnosed loosening in 4 patients. Of 35 negative bone SPECT/CT scans, 12 were surgically confirmed. In 18 patients, bone SPECT/CT revealed lesions that could provide an alternative explanation for the symptoms of pain (active facet degeneration in 14 patients, and disc and sacroiliac

  12. The early clinical observation about Dynesys and lumbar interbody fusion in treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases%非融合技术与腰椎融合术治疗腰椎退变性疾病的早期疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王孟; 李坤; 王飞; 张元豫

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the difference of early clinical efficacy between Dynesys and lumbar interbody fusion in treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases. Methods Clinical data of 36 patients under two methods treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases with 18 examples in each were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were observed blood loss, VAS, ODI index, the rate for short-term excellent or good relief of symptoms and ROM. Results Two groups of VAS and ODI index had been significantly improved; Dynesys group maintained adjacent segment ROM to its original condition, while instrumented segment ROM decreased; In lumbar interbody fusion group, adjacent segment ROM increased, and instrumented segments fused. Conclusions Dynesys and the lumbar interbody fusion can all take the ideal early curative effect. Dynesys preserve partial ROM ,and prevent accelerated degeneration, which is a desirable method of treatment.%目的 探讨Dynesys和腰椎融合治疗腰椎退行性疾病早期临床疗效.方法 采用两种方法治疗36例腰椎退行性疾病患者,Dynesys组18例,腰椎融合组18例.观察两组手术时间、术中出血量、VAS评分、ODI指数、手术效果优良率及椎间活动度(ROM).结果 两组术后VAS及ODI都得到明显改善;Dynesys组邻近节段ROM维持在原来状态,手术节段ROM减小;腰椎融合组邻近节段ROM增大,手术节段融合.结论 Dynesys与腰椎融合术均可取的理想的早期疗效,Dynesys保持了部分椎间活动度,有利于防止退变加速.

  13. 退变性腰椎管狭窄症的腰后路减压椎间植骨融合术治疗观察%The Treatment Observation of Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosisby Posterior Lumbar Decompression and Interbody Fusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赖征文; 李敏; 李平安; 刘云彬

    2011-01-01

    Objective:Observed the treatment effect of degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis by posterior lumbar decompression and interbody fusion.Methods:42 patients admitted to our hospital with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis were divided into two groups,the control group were taken a simple decompression,the treatment group were taken by lumbar posterior decompression and interbody fusion surgery,compared the efficacy and prognosis of two groups.Results:The treatment group,the three time periods JOA scores are significantly better than the control group,P>0.05.Conclusion:The lumbar posterior decompression and interbody fusion can improve the symptoms,the effect last stability,is a good treatment option.%目的:观察腰后路减压椎间植骨融合术对于退变性腰椎管狭窄症的治疗效果.方法:将本院收治的42例退变性腰椎管狭窄症患者分为两组,对照组采取单纯减压术,治疗组采取经腰后路减压椎间植骨融合术,对比两组的近期疗效及预后情况.结果:治疗组在三个时间段的JOA评分均明显优于对照组,P>0.05.结论:经腰后路减压椎间植骨融合术可有效改善患者的症状,效果持久稳定,是一种良好的治疗选择.

  14. Fusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, Robin

    1990-10-01

    The book abounds with fascinating anecdotes about fusion's rocky path: the spurious claim by Argentine dictator Juan Peron in 1951 that his country had built a working fusion reactor, the rush by the United States to drop secrecy and publicize its fusion work as a propaganda offensive after the Russian success with Sputnik; the fortune Penthouse magazine publisher Bob Guccione sank into an unconventional fusion device, the skepticism that met an assertion by two University of Utah chemists in 1989 that they had created "cold fusion" in a bottle. Aimed at a general audience, the book describes the scientific basis of controlled fusion--the fusing of atomic nuclei, under conditions hotter than the sun, to release energy. Using personal recollections of scientists involved, it traces the history of this little-known international race that began during the Cold War in secret laboratories in the United States, Great Britain and the Soviet Union, and evolved into an astonishingly open collaboration between East and West.

  15. 后路固定椎间碎骨植骨与髂骨块植骨融合术治疗退行性腰椎不稳的临床研究%Clinical study of posterior internal fixation and iliac crest or granular bone grafting lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of the degenerative lumbar instability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林斌; 林秋燕; 邵泽豹

    2012-01-01

    intervertebral height was significantly more in the granular bone group. (3) In each group,angle of interbody movement appeared significant change comparison before and after surgery, it wasnt significant different be-tween two groups. (4) In each group, there were no transparent region at the interface between the vertebral body and bone graft. The radiographic views showed good fusion, no shift again and no srew breaking and loasening, no signs were found for that bone graft dropped into the spinal canal in each group. [Conclusion] The time of fusion, fusion rate and clinical results are not significant different between two groups. Granular bone group were better than iliac crest group in operative duration and blood loss, and no complication such as pain of donor site. Pedical screw fixation and spinal process and partial laminae decorti-cation granular bone grafting interbody fusion is a recommended surgical procedure for the treatment on degenerative low lumbar spinal instability.%[目的]对比研究后路椎间碎骨植骨与自体髂骨块植骨两种融合术治疗腰椎退行性不稳的临床疗效.[方法] 75例患者,男41例,女34例;年龄27~68岁,平均55.6岁.临床表现:下腰痛72例,间歇性跛行47例;75例患者均有下肢痛,其中单侧下肢痛37例,双侧下肢痛23例,交替性双下肢痛15例;直腿抬高受限57例,感觉障碍66例,运动障碍58例,膝、跟腱反射异常45例,伴马尾损害23例.退变节段:L4、5 32例,L5S1 26例,L3、4 6例,2个间隙11例.将病例随机分为髂骨组和碎骨组,髂骨组行腰椎后路减压椎弓根固定+自体髂骨椎间融合(pedical screw fixation+ iliac crest grafting)治疗,碎骨组行腰椎后路减压椎弓根固定+碎骨椎间融合(pedical screw fixation+granular bone grafting).两组分别于术前,术后3、6、12个月测定JOA (Japanese Orthopaedics Association)腰背痛手术评分和ODI(oswestry disability index)评分,并对术后融合情况进行评估.[结果](1)各

  16. A prospective, multi-center clinical and radiographic outcomes evaluation of ChronOS strip for lumbar spine fusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanter, Adam S; Gandhoke, Gurpreet S; Welch, William C; Arnold, Paul M; Cheng, Joseph S; Okonkwo, David O

    2016-03-01

    This prospective clinical study evaluated the use of a composite bone void filler (ChronOS Strip, DePuy Synthes, West Chester, PA, USA), combined with bone marrow aspirate plus local autologous bone, in a series of patients undergoing instrumented posterolateral spinal fusion with interbody support. Seventy-six patients were enrolled and treated per protocol at 13 clinical sites. At 24 months, 55/76 patients (72%) were evaluated, with 49/76 (65%) having sufficient data to determine the primary endpoint. The primary endpoint, posterolateral fusion success, was achieved in 48/54 (88.9%) patients at 12 months and in 45/49 (91.8%) patients at 24 months. At all follow-up time points, statistically significant improvements were observed when compared to baseline in back and leg pain and functional status as measured by visual analog scale, Oswestry Disability Index and 12-Item Short Form health surveys. This prospective multi-center series provides evidence that the composite bone void filler, when applied posterolaterally with instrumentation, bone marrow aspirate and/or local autologous bone and concomitant interbody support, can be used to achieve a successful posterolateral fusion, resulting in improvements in clinical outcomes in patients with degenerative disc disease.

  17. Lumbar Modic Changes - A Comparison Between Findings at Low-and High-field MRI

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendix, Tom; Sorensen, Joan S; Henriksson, Gustaf A C

    2012-01-01

    Study Design. A cross-sectional observational study.Objective. To investigate if there is a difference in findings of lumbar Modic changes in low-field (0.3 Tesla) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as compared to high field (1.5 Tesla).Summary of Background Data. It is a challenge to give patients...

  18. Treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis with viaposterior transpedicular instrumentation and intervertebral fusion%椎弓根螺钉复位固定加椎体间植骨融合治疗腰椎滑脱症

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敬朝

    2010-01-01

    目的 评价经后路椎弓根螺钉内固定并腰椎椎体间植骨融合术治疗腰椎滑脱的临床疗效.方法 对65例腰椎滑脱症患者行后路椎板减压,应用后路椎弓根螺钉内固定系统对腰椎滑脱椎体进行复位固定,椎体间或后外侧植骨融合.结果 随访6~24个月,临床优良率90.8%,6~12个月复查X线片均显示椎体间骨性融合.结论 本组采用椎管减压,椎体复位,椎弓根螺钉内固定并椎体间植骨融合治疗腰椎滑脱症,具有复位率、融合率高,疗效确切的特点,是治疗腰椎滑脱症比较理想的手术方式.%Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of treating lumbar spondylolisthesis with viaposterior transpedicular instrumentation and intervertebral fusion. Methods The posterior decompression and surgical treatment of transpedicle screw fixation system were used in 65 patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis, to fix spondylolis lumbar vertebrae and obtain vertebra fusion and posterolateral bone grafting fusion. Results The follow-up period ranged from 6 to 24 months. The clinical excellent rate was 92%. The interspinal solid fusion was observed in all patients in X-ray between 6 to 12 month s after operation. Conclusions This unit applies vertebrallamina decompression, vertebral body reposition, posterior transpadicular instrumentation and autoiliacbone intervertebral bone grafting to treat lumbar spondylolisthesis which shows a high rate of reposition, high fusion rate, definite curative effect and reduces the complication rate after lumbar operation. It is a good way of surgery.

  19. MRI of degenerative lumbar spine disease: comparison of non-accelerated and parallel imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noelte, Ingo; Gerigk, Lars; Brockmann, Marc A.; Kemmling, Andre; Groden, Christoph [Medical Faculty Mannheim of the University of Heidelberg, Department of Neuroradiology, Mannheim (Germany)

    2008-05-15

    Parallel imaging techniques such as GRAPPA have been introduced to optimize image quality and acquisition time. For spinal imaging in a clinical setting no data exist on the equivalency of conventional and parallel imaging techniques. The purpose of this study was to determine whether T1- and T2-weighted GRAPPA sequences are equivalent to conventional sequences for the evaluation of degenerative lumbar spine disease in terms of image quality and artefacts. In patients with clinically suspected degenerative lumbar spine disease two neuroradiologists independently compared sagittal GRAPPA (acceleration factor 2, time reduction approximately 50%) and non-GRAPPA images (25 patients) and transverse GRAPPA (acceleration factor 2, time reduction approximately 50%) and non-GRAPPA images (23 lumbar segments in six patients). Comparative analyses included the minimal diameter of the spinal canal, disc abnormalities, foraminal stenosis, facet joint degeneration, lateral recess, nerve root compression and osteochondrotic vertebral and endplate changes. Image inhomogeneity was evaluated by comparing the nonuniformity in the two techniques. Image quality was assessed by grading the delineation of pathoanatomical structures. Motion and aliasing artefacts were classified from grade 1 (severe) to grade 5 (absent). There was no significant difference between GRAPPA and non-accelerated MRI in the evaluation of degenerative lumbar spine disease (P > 0.05), and there was no difference in the delineation of pathoanatomical structures. For inhomogeneity there was a trend in favour of the conventional sequences. No significant artefacts were observed with either technique. The GRAPPA technique can be used effectively to reduce scanning time in patients with degenerative lumbar spine disease while preserving image quality. (orig.)

  20. Efficacy comparison of Accell Evo3 and Grafton demineralized bone matrix putties against autologous bone in a rat posterolateral spine fusion model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brecevich, Antonio T; Kiely, Paul D; Yoon, B Victor; Nguyen, Joseph T; Cammisa, Frank P; Abjornson, Celeste

    2017-06-01

    Spinal fusion procedures are intended to stabilize the spinal column for a multitude of disorders including abnormal curvature, traumatic instability, degenerative instability, and damage from infections or tumors. As an aid in the bone healing response, bone graft materials are used to bridge joints for arthrodesis and promote unions in pseudoarthrosis. Currently, the gold standard for stabilizing fusion masses in spinal procedures involves using the osteogenic, osteoinductive, and osteoconductive properties of autologous iliac crest corticocancellous bone. However, considerable morbidity is associated with harvesting the autologous graft. Donor site complications including infection, large hematomas, and pain have been reported at rates as high as 50% (Boden and Jeffrey, 1995). Biologically, the rate of bone repair dictates the rate at which the fusion mass will unite under autologous graft conditions. The purpose of this study is to compare the quality and rate of fusion between Accell Evo3 and Grafton demineralized bone matrix (DBM), with the gold standard iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) as the control, in athymic rat posterolateral fusion. This study was a randomized, controlled study in a laboratory setting at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City. Blinded observations were made, which created an assessment of outcomes for successful fusions between each method. Forty-eight (48) athymic rats were used in this study and underwent posterolateral lumbar fusion. They were assessed at either 3 weeks or 9 weeks to see the rate and efficacy of fusion. Outcome measures will be the efficacy of the different bone grafts and their success rates of fusion in the rats. A comparison of the quality and rate of fusion between Accell Evo3® (DBM A) and Grafton (DBM B), with the gold standard iliac crest bone graft (ICBG) as the control, was performed using the established posterolateral intertransverse process on an athymic rat model. Materials were evaluated for

  1. Clinical effect analysis of short-segment fixation and fusion for degenerative lumbar scoliosis ;combined with lumbar stenosis%短节段固定融合术治疗退变性腰椎侧凸合并腰椎管狭窄疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王磊; 李天旺; 刘建强; 刘晓宗; 王照国; 田艳; 张永兴; 王伟

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the surgical strategies and clinical results of short-segment fixation and fusion for degenerative lumbar scoliosis ( DLS) combined with lumbar stenosis .Methods Sixty-eight cases of DLS with lumbar spinal canal stenosis underwent selective decompression and short segmental fixation and interbody fusion .The Cobb angle, lumbar lordosis, coronal plane trunk shift , and sagittal plane trunk shift in the preoperative and final follow-up were measured .Function were assessed by Oswestry disability index ( ODI) .Results All the patients were followed up for 36~60 months.The Cobb angle was 12°~28°(15.9°±4.6°) preoperatively and was 3.6°~9.8°(5.2°± 3.1°)at final follow-up;lumbar lordosis was 1.2°~3.3°(1.9°±2.9°) preoperatively and was -28.1°~4.6° (-23.6°±3.7°) postoperatively;coronal plane trunk shift was 8.2~13.7 (10.8 ±5.2 ) mm preoperatively and was 2.8~5.6(4.3 ±1.8)mm at final follow-up;sagittal plane trunk shift was 10.2~15.6(12.6 ±3.7)mm preoper-atively and was 3.1~6(4.6 ±2.2)mm at final follow-up;the ODI was 25.2~29.8(27.6 ±2.1)points preoperative-ly and was 2.1~4.2(3.6 ±1.3)points at final follow-up.There were statistically significant differences in the above indexes between the final follow-up and the preoperative comparison ( P<0.05 ) .The early complication incidence rate was 7.3%.At the final follow-up, there was no instrument-related failure.Conclusions The selective decom-pression and short-segment fixation and fusion is an safe and effective technique for DLS combined with spinal stenosis patients with small Cobb angle (<30°) and minor spinal imbalance .%目的:探讨短节段固定融合术治疗退变性腰椎侧凸( DLS)合并腰椎管狭窄的手术策略、影像学及临床疗效。方法选择性减压、短节段固定融合术治疗68例DLS合并腰椎管狭窄患者,比较患者术前及末次随访时的Cobb角、腰椎前凸角、冠状面躯干偏移及

  2. 非融合技术在腰椎退行性疾病中的临床应用%Clinical Application of Non-Fusion Technology in the Lumbar Degenerative Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新炜

    2011-01-01

    腰椎融合手术一段时间以来是治疗腰椎退行性疾病的有效方法.近年来,由于融合手术术后并发症的发生,使得非融合手术应运而生并得到发展.通过研究国内外非融合手术的随访文献发现非融合技术在保持病变节段一定的活动度、减缓邻近节段的退行性变、限制异常活动等方面有独特的优势.因此,非融合技术可以作为一种行之有效的手术方式来治疗腰椎退行性疾病.%Fusion surgery has been an effective way for the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases for a long time. Due to the complications after surgery seen in recent years,the non-fusion technology has appeared and developed. According to studies of the recent follow-up literatures,it's learned that the non-fusion technology has some advantages such as retaining some residual motion, delaying degeneration of adjacent segment,and limiting abnormal activity etc.. Therefore,the non-fusion technology can be applied as an effective way of treating lumbar degenerative disease.

  3. Clinical Research Status of Adjacent Segment Degeneration After Lumbar Spinal Fusion%腰椎融合术后邻近节段退变的临床研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张波; 李伟; 苟林; 李亮; 张兵; 吴辉; 林宏

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveClinical research status of adjacent segment degeneration after lumbar fusion analysis.Methods The clinical data of adjacent segment degeneration collected in our hospital in recent years appeared after lumbar fusion, research status of adjacent segment degeneration after lumbar fusion and comprehensive analysis. Results The concept of adjacent segment degeneration included imaging of adjacent segment degeneration of adjacent segment degeneration and clinical symptoms, the incidence of a minimum of 8% of the former, up to 95%, the lowest incidence of clinical symptoms for 5.2% adjacent segment degeneration, a maximum of 18.5%. For adjacent segment degeneration prevention measures include: to reduce intraoperative fusion segments, application of non fusiontechnology, sagittal balance etc. ConclusionAfter lumbar fusion is prone to adjacent segment degeneration, the patients with application of non fusion technology can signiifcantly reduce the incidence of adjacent segment degeneration.%目的:分析腰椎融合术后邻近节段退变的临床研究现状。方法收集我院近年来出现的腰椎融合术后邻近节段退变的临床资料,综合分析腰椎融合术后邻近节段退变的研究现状。结果邻近节段退变的概念包括影像学邻近节段退变和临床症状邻近节段退变,前者的发生率最低为8%,最高可达到95%,临床症状邻近节段退变的发生率最低为5.2%,最高为18.5%。对于邻近节段退变的预防措施主要有:术中减少融合节段、应用非融合技术、维持矢状面平衡等等。结论腰椎融合术后很容易发生邻近节段退变,通过对患者应用非融合技术可显著减少邻近节段退变的发生。

  4. The lumbar lordosis below Harrington instrumentation for scoliosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swank, S M; Mauri, T M; Brown, J C

    1990-03-01

    This retrospective study evaluates lumbar lordosis in 43 patients before and after Harrington instrumentation into the lumbar spine. The authors measured overall lumbar lordosis, lordosis of unfused lumbar levels, and sagittal vertical axis. Lordosis decreased progressively in lower levels of fusion. The increase in lordosis below the fusion did not compensate for the overall loss of lordosis. The sagittal vertical axis moved forward, producing a subtle, asymptomatic form of flat back syndrome.

  5. Posterior lumbar interbody fusion using nonresorbable poly-ether-ether-ketone versus resorbable poly-L-lactide-co-D,L-lactide fusion devices: a prospective, randomized study to assess fusion and clinical outcome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jiya, T.U.; Smit, T.H.; Deddens, J.; Mullender, M.G.

    2009-01-01

    STUDY DESIGN: A prospective randomized clinical study. OBJECTIVE.: To assess fusion, clinical outcome, and complications. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Resorbable poly-L- lactide-co-D,L-lactide (PLDLLA) cages intended to aid spinal interbody fusion have been introduced into clinical practice within th

  6. 短节段与长节段固定融合在退变性腰椎侧凸合并腰椎管狭窄症治疗的效果观察%Short fusion and long fusion for degenerative lumbar scoliosis with lumbar stenosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘胄; 赵庆华; 吴兴洲; 宋锐; 袁根; 田纪伟

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the indications,surgical techniques and prognostic factors of short fusion versus long fusion for elder patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis.Methods Thirty-eight patients undergoing different kinds of surgical procedures for lumbar spinal scoliosis between June 2005 and October 2010 were recruited for this retrospective study.The mean patient age at surgery was 64.2 years (range:61 -75).The short fusion group included 13 patients and the long fusion group 25 patients.Results There were a variety of treatment methods of degenerative scoliosis based on the symptomatology and radiological measurements of scoliosis and stenosis.Thirty-eight patients were followed up for an average of 37 months.The number of fused levels was 2.8 ±0.7 segments in the short fusion group versus 5.1 ± 1.4 in the long fusion group.The average preoperative Cobb angle was 18.6°(range:12 -27)in the short fusion group versus 33.5°(range:3 -42)in the long fusion group.The correction of Cobb angle averaged 40% in the short fusion group versus 67% in the long fusion group.Clinical symptoms and functional tolerance for daily activities improved postoperatively.Radiographic evaluations showed reduced deformity on the frontal and sagittal planes.There were no infections,pseudoarthrosis,instrument-related failures or reoperations.Conclusions Long segment fusion is superior to its short segment counterpart in correcting scoliotic curvature and coronal imbalance and improving rotational subluxation of apical vertebra.Careful perioperative preparation is essential in the treatment of elder patients with lumbar spinal scoliosis.%目的 探讨短节段与长节段固定融合术式在65岁以上老年人腰椎退变性侧凸症手术治疗中的可靠性、适应证选择及手术后的效果.方法 回顾性分析自2005年6月至2010年10月经手术治疗的38例腰椎退变性侧弯的矫正效果、并发症和随访结果.其病程6~120个月,平均45.2

  7. Comparison of degree of postoperative muscle damage between MIS-TLIF- and PLIF treatment for single-level degenerative lumbar disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liang ZHOU

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective To compare the postoperative muscle damage after either posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF or minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF with the aid of X-Tube system in patients with singlelevel degenerative lumbar spinal disease. Methods The clinical data of 52 patients (males 28, females 24, aged 54.3±7.8 years with single-level degenerative lumbar spinal disease undergoing MIS-TLIF assisted by the X-Tube system from Oct 2010 to Sep 2011 was analyzed retrospectively. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage volume, postoperative bedtime, and serum creatine kinase (CK level 1 day before surgery and 1, 3 and 5 days after surgery were recorded and compared with those of 38 patients (males 20, females 18, aged 51.6±8.6 years with the same disease undergoing conventional open PLIF during the corresponding period. The back pain visual analogue score (VAS, Oswestry disability index (ODI score and imaging examination were performed before operation, after operation and during follow-up duration for each patient. Results There was no significant difference in the gender, age, clinical diagnosis, lesion location, preoperative CK level, VAS and ODI scores between the two groups (P>0.05. The operative time was longer in MIS-TLIF group than in PLIF group (P0.05. Radiological followup observation revealed good fusion 6 months after operation in all the patients. Conclusion The X-Tube-assisted MIS-TLIF has several advantages over conventional open PLIF, such as less intraoperative blood loss, milder muscle damage, and lighter back pain. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2013.12.04

  8. 长节段与短节段固定融合治疗退变性腰椎侧凸的比较%Short fusion versus long fusion for degenerative lumbar scoliosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王飞; 单建林; 天林; 李放

    2013-01-01

    固定融合,其明显延长了手术时间,增加术中出血量及手术并发症。因此,对存在中度及以上下腰痛,侧凸Cobb′s角≥30°的患者,手术耐受力较好时应选择行长节段固定融合,否则应选择短节段固定融合。%Objective To explore the selecton of short fusion versus long fusion for degenerative lumbar scoliosis.Methods 37 patients undergoing decompression and fusion with pedicle screw instrumentation were evaluated.The long fusion group included 21 patients and the short fusion group included 16 patients.The low back pain,the lower limbs pain and activity function were evaluated by VAS and ODI scores .The Cobb′s angles were measured to assess the lumbar scoliosis and kyphosis .The clinical and radiographic outcomes ,including surgery time , blooding and surgery complications were compared between two groups .Results The mean follow-up was 3.2 years (2-6)for all patients.The blooding and surgery time of long fusion group was significantly more than that of short fusion group(P<0.01);Before surgery,the average Cobb angle was 18.5°±3.7°in the short fusion group and 27.3°±6.2°in the long fusion group.At the last follow up was 9.7°±3.9°and 8.7°±5.6°,respectively.The recovery rate of long fusion group was better than that of short fusion group ( P<0.01 ) .The lumbar lordosis angles of the preoperative was 21.3°±11.3°and 18.8°±10.7°,and improved to 31.5°±12.1°and 32.6°±11.5°at the last follow-up.The correction rate of two groups had no significant difference ( P=0.35 ) .Coronal imbalance improved significantly in the long fusion group more than in the short fusion group ( P <0.05 ) .However , there was no difference in the correction of lumbar lordosis and sagittal imbalance between the two groups .The ODI score of the preoperative was 64.3 ±21.4 and 72.3 ±15.4 ,at the last follow up was 47.6 ±26.6 and 49.8 ±17.1 .The improve rate of two groups had no difference ( P=0.19 ) .The VAS

  9. Interest of the SPECT-CT merging to detect pseudo-arthrosis after lumbar arthrodesis: preliminary results; Interet de la fusion TEMP-TDM pour la detection des pseudarthroses apres arthrodese lombaire: resultats preliminaires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rager, O.; Ratib, O.; Tessitore, E. [Hopitaux universitaire de Geneve (Switzerland)

    2010-07-01

    Pseudo arthrosis is a potential complication after a lumbar arthrodesis. The symptoms are nonspecific and revision surgery is not always an effective treatment. Scintigraphy SPECT / CT with {sup 99m}Tc and CT were studied separately for the diagnosis of pseudo arthrosis before the widespread use of software fusion. It is well established that the diagnosis based on CT led to a number of false positive (10%). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of SPECT-CT fusion imaging in the diagnosis of pseudo arthrosis. Conclusions: SPECT / CT fusion imaging may increase the specificity for the diagnosis of pseudo arthrosis at the level of inter body cages and increase sensitivity for the detection of degenerative diseases on the back joints. (N.C.)

  10. Comparison of the safety of three methods of lumbar transpedicular screw fixation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To choose a proper method of lumbar transpedicular screw fixation at different lumbar levels among the three methods ( Roy-Camille's method, Magerl's method and Du's method) in the Chinese population.Methods: Three-dimensional ( 3-D ) images were reconstructed with image data of 42 adult lumbar segments that were scanned by Electron Beam CT. The three methods of lumbar pedicle screw fixation were simulated on the 3-D reconstructed images and the parameters of implanting pedicle screws were measured.Results: There was statistically significant difference at the distance from the entrance point to the pedicle axis between the three methods (P < 0. 001). The distances measured by Du's method were shortest from L1 to L4,and the distances measured by Magerl's method were shortest at L5 (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference from L1 to L2 (P > 0.05) but significant difference from L3 to L5 at inserting safe ranges of TSA (transverse section angle) was found between the three methods (P <0.05). From L3 to L4, the inserting safe ranges of TSA measured by Du's and Magerl's methods were significantly larger than that measured by Roy-Camille's method (P <0.05), but there was no significant difference between them (P > 0.05). At L5, the inserting safe ranges of TSA measured by Magerl's method were largest among the three methods (P < 0.05).Conclusions: Among the three methods, Du's method is the best choice from L1 to LA because its distance from the entrance point to the pedicle axis is shortest and the safe range of TSA is largest; Magerl's method can be used from L3 to L5 and is the best choice at L5; Roy-Camille's method is applicable at L1 and L2.

  11. The Caspar microsurgical discectomy and comparison with a conventional standard lumbar disc procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caspar, W; Campbell, B; Barbier, D D; Kretschmmer, R; Gotfried, Y

    1991-01-01

    The outcome in 119 patients who were operated on with a conventional standard lumbar discectomy procedure was retrospectively compared with that in 299 patients who were operated on with a microsurgical discectomy technique developed in Homburg/Saar, Federal Republic of Germany by the senior author (W.C.). All patients in this consecutive series had "virgin" lumbar radiculopathy evaluated and operated upon by two experienced surgeons at one institution. Determination of the final outcome was made objectively by an impartial third party using identical criteria for both groups, and with a patient self-evaluation form. The study looked at various pertinent aspects of the treatment course and at final outcome. The results in the microsurgical group were significantly favorable: fewer levels were explored: there was less operative blood loss and a decreased incidence of deep venous thrombosis, urinary tract infections, pulmonary emboli, and bladder catheterization; the time to full ambulation, discharge, and return to work was faster: and there was a decrease in change of occupation and a greater percentage of satisfactory final outcomes, as measured both objectively and subjectively. A description of the microsurgical technique used in this study, which differs significantly from existing microdisectomy techniques, is presented. The authors conclude that the microsurgical disectomy technique presented in this study is a safe and effective approach to the treatment of lumbar radiculopathy.

  12. Magnetic resonance imaging of lumbar spinal disorders; A comparison with myelography and discography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nojiri, Hajime (Nagoya City Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Medicine)

    1992-12-01

    To evaluate the stenotic condition of the lumbar spinal canal, MRI was compared with myelography and with discography in 102 patients, all of whom underwent surgical exploration. Various pathologic conditions were studied including 50 cases of herniated nucleus pulposus, 39 cases of lumbar canal stenosis (central, peripheral type or combined type), and 13 cases of spondylolisthesis (degenerative, spondylolytic, and dysplastic type). High correlation was detected between the T2 weighted mid-sagittal image of the thecal sac and the lateral view of a full-column myelogram, but subtle changes such as adhesive changes, or redundancy, or anomalous changes of the nerve roots were more clearly demonstrated on myelograms than on MRI. Actually some of these changes could not be detected on MRI. The degrees of disc degeneration were classified into five grades according to the signal intensity and the irregularity of the disc on the T2-weighted image. The MRI evaluation of disc degeneration in this series was similar to that of the discography. However, MRI could not replace discography for identifying the source of pain in symptomatic patients. Although MRI might be the imaging modality for diagnostic screening and for detecting stenotic conditions of the lumbar spinal canal, it will not be able to replace myelography and/or discography for determining indication for surgery and preferred surgical approach. (author).

  13. Comparison of parameters characterizing lumbar lordosis in radiograph and photogrammetric examination of adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drzał-Grabiec, Justyna; Truszczyńska, Aleksandra; Tarnowski, Adam; Płaszewski, Maciej

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to test validity of photogrammetry compared with radiography as a method of measuring the Cobb angle and the size of anterior-posterior spine curvatures in adults. The study included 50 volunteers, 23 men and 27 women whose mean age was 52.6 years. The average weight of the subjects was 81.3 kg, average body height was 172.0 cm, and the average body mass index was 27.4. Based on radiologic examination, the length and depth of lumbar lordosis were determined and the size of the Cobb angle of lumbar scoliosis. After the radiologic examination, a photogrammetric test was performed for each subject with the projection moire phenomenon. The Pearson correlation found statistically significant associations concerning the length of lordosis (P lordosis indicated a strong trend (P = .063). This study found that the moire method of photogrammetric measurement produced similar findings to radiographic measurements in determining size of the Cobb angle and the length of lumbar lordosis. Copyright © 2015 National University of Health Sciences. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. An update on the management of chronic lumbar discogenic pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manchikanti, Laxmaiah; Hirsch, Joshua A

    2015-09-01

    Lumbar degenerative disc disease without disc herniation, also known as discogenic pain, is an elusive diagnosis of chronic low back pain. Lumbar provocation discography and fusion surgery have been frequently utilized for several decades as the gold standards for the diagnosis and treatment of symptomatic lumbar discogenic pain, though controversial, based on conjecture, rather than evidence. In addition to lumbar fusion, various other operative and nonoperative modalities of treatments are available in managing chronic lumbar discogenic pain. This review provides an updated assessment of the management of chronic lumbar discogenic pain with a critical look at the many modalities of treatments that are currently available.

  15. 腰椎后路单Cage单侧椎体间融合术在腰椎退变性疾病中的应用%Posterior lumbar interbody fusion using a unilateral single cage in the degenerative lumbar spine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾宇彤; 姚振均; 陈统一; 董健; 姜晓幸; 张键; 费琴明; 阎作勤

    2011-01-01

    目的 对单Cage单侧PLIF治疗腰椎退变性疾病的临床疗效及放射影像学结果进行回顾性分析.方法 2005年10月至2008年3月间,使用填有移植骨的单Cage单侧PLIF技术为55例腰椎退变性疾病患者施行手术,术中将腰椎后路减压所取下的骨块咬碎后填于Cage前方,术后平均随访39.2个月.使用VAS法对患者的术前、术后1年及末次随访进行临床评估,用ODI法对术前及末次随访的功能进行评估,在末次随访中使用Prolo评分法,放射影像学可通过椎间高度、Cage周围的骨桥、射线透亮区及过伸过屈侧位片上椎间不稳的表现来评估. 结果VAS评分、ODI指数、Prolo评分均表明该术式的临床疗效非常令人满意,放射影像学评估显示术后6月时55例中有96.4%(53例)获牢固融合,末次随访时所有病例均获得完全融合.结论 单Cage单侧PLIF治疗腰椎退变性疾病,能维持合适的椎间高度,有可靠的脊柱稳定性、良好的骨连接和较高的骨融合率,可获得令人满意的临床疗效和放射影像学结果.%Objective We retrospectively evaluated the clinical and radiological outcomes of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) using a unilateral single cage and a local morselized bone graft. Methods Fifty five patients who underwent PLIF with a unilateral single cage filled with local morselized bone graft were enrolled in this study. The average follow-up duration was 39.2 months. The clinical outcomes were evaluated with the visual analogue scale (VAS) at the pre-operative period, at 1 year post-operation and at the final follow-up, the Oswestry Disability Index and the Prolo scale at the final follow-up; the radiological outcomes were evaluated according to the change of bone bridging, the radiolucency, the instability and the disc height.Results For the clinical evaluation, the VAS pain index, the Oswestry Disability Index and the Prolo scale showed excellent outcomes. For the radiological

  16. Dynesys与后路椎间融合治疗腰椎管狭窄症的临床效果比较研究%Dynesys and posterior lumbar interbody fusion for lumbar spinal stenosis in the comparative study of clinical effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高洪亮

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the Dynesys and posterior lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis in.Methods:a total of August 2012 to 2014 years 5 months in our hospital from lumbar spinal stenosis were 85 cases, and were randomly divided into group A (n = 42) and group B (n = 43). The A group was treated by posterior lumbar interbody fusion, and the B group was treated by pedicle Dynesys operation, and the treatment effect was compared between the two groups. Results: there was no significant difference in the length of the incision in the A group and the B group (P>0.05). ODI score and VAS score were significantly lower in A group and B group (P0.05) and the VAS score at the end of groups (ODI).Conclusion: in lumbar spinal canal stenosis treatment in, posterior lumbar interbody fusion surgery and transpedicular Dynesys surgical treatment effect is similar, but the latter has a shorter operation time, less trauma and bleeding quantity low characteristic, can effectively stabilize the spine, and is worthy to be popularized.%目的:探讨Dynesys与后路椎间融合在腰椎管狭窄症中的治疗效果.方法:选取2012年8月到2014年5月我院收治的腰椎管狭窄症者85例,并随机分为A组(n=42)和B组(n=43).A组都采用后路椎间融合手术,B组均采用经椎弓根Dynesys手术治疗,对比两组的治疗效果.结果:A组、B组切口长度相比,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).A组、B组末次随访ODI评分、VAS评分显著比手术前降低(P0.05).结论:在腰椎管狭窄症治疗中,后路椎间融合手术和经椎弓根Dynesys手术治疗效果相近,但后者具有手术时间短、创伤小和出血量低等特点,可有效地稳定脊柱,值得推广.

  17. 钉棒置入与椎间融合修复极外侧型腰椎间盘突出症:远期腰椎稳定性随访%Extreme lateral lumbar disc herniation after pedicle screw fixation and interbody fusion cage:lumbar stability at long-tem follow-up

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史瑞明; 李国胜; 张义峰; 黄震源; 孙利; 王存

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND:Extreme lateral lumbar disc herniation is a rare type of lumbar disc herniation, there are a variety of treatment methods, but the therapeutic efficacy and recurrence rate are controversial. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the availability of lumbar pedicle screw fixation combined with interbody fusion cage for treating extreme lateral lumbar disc herniation. METHODWe retrospectively analyzed 19 patients with extreme lateral lumbar disc herniation after treatment with lumbar pedicle screw fixation combining with interbody fusion cage from March 2006 to January 2009. The outcomes were evaluated depending on VAS scoring standard and Macnab scoring standard, lumbar stability were observed postoperatively. We analyzed the spinal stability in recurrent lumbar disc herniation patients after lumbar pedicle screw fixation combined with interbody fusion cage depending on literature search. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Al the 19 patients were fol owed up for 13 months to 3 years, the leg and lumbar pain of al the patients were relieved to varying degrees. Preoperative VAS score was 7.3±1.28 points and postoperative VAS score was 2.1±0.8 points, showing significant difference between two groups (P  目的:探讨应用腰椎椎弓根钉棒内固定联合椎间融合器置入椎间融合修复极外侧型腰椎间盘突出症的临床效果。  方法:回顾性分析2006年3月至2009年1月行腰椎椎弓根钉棒系统联合椎间融合器置入椎间融合治疗的19例极外侧型腰椎间盘突出症患者的临床资料,根据目测类比评分标准及Macnab评价标准进行疗效判定,观察治疗后腰椎稳定性,通过数据库文献检索方法评估腰椎椎弓根钉棒内固定联合椎间融合器置入椎间融合修复极外侧型腰椎间盘突出症的效果。  结果与结论:19例患者均得到随访,随访时间13个月-3年。所有患者治疗后即有下肢及腰部疼痛不同程度的缓解,治

  18. Dynesys动态稳定系统置入内固定与后路腰椎间融合修复腰椎退行性病的比较%Dynesys dynamic stabilization system versus posterior lumbar interbody fusion in treatment of lumbar degenerative disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭超; 何智勇; 母建松; 兰海; 李开南

    2014-01-01

    背景:后路腰椎椎体间融合是腰椎退行性疾病经典的治疗方法,目前大量研究表明,融合固定后的相邻节段会发生退变。近年来越来越多的学者关注脊柱的非融合固定技术发展。  目的:比较Dynesys动态稳定系统置入内固定和后路腰椎椎体间融合治疗腰椎退行性疾病的临床疗效。  方法:对2009年7月至2010年7月收治的56例退行性腰椎间盘疾病患者的临床资料进行回顾性对比分析,其中采用Dynesys动态稳定系统置入内固定治疗28例,采用后路腰椎椎体间融合治疗28例。比较两组患者的手术时间、出血量、治疗后住院时间,应用目测类比评分进行疼痛评估,以Oswestry功能评分评价临床疗效。  结果与结论:56例患者均获随访,随访时间18-24个月。两组患者治疗后12个月随访时的Oswestry功能评分、目测类比评分均较治疗前有明显改善(P OBJECTIVE:To compare clinical effects of Dynesys dynamic stabilization system fixation and posterior lumbar interbody fusion in treatment of lumbar degenerative disease. METHODS:From July 2009 to July 2011, clinical data of 56 patients with lumbar degenerative disease were retrospectively analyzed. There were 28 cases of Dynesys dynamic stabilization system fixation, and 28 cases of posterior lumbar interbody fusion. Operation time, bleeding volume, and postoperative hospitalization time were compared in both groups. Visual analog scale was used to assess pain. Oswestry disability index was utilized to evaluate clinical effects. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:A total of 56 patients were fol owed up for 18-24 months. Visual analog scale and Oswestry disability index scores were significantly improved at 12 months after treatment in both groups (P<0.01). Significant differences in operation time, bleeding volume, and postoperative hospitalization time were detected between both groups (P<0.01). Dynesys dynamic

  19. Quadrant 单侧固定椎间融合治疗不稳定型腰椎间盘突出症%Unilateral Pedicle Screw Fixation and Interbody Fusion for the Treatment of Lumbar Disc Hernia-tion with Lumbar Spinal Instability under Mast Quadrant System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李青; 姚海燕; 梁道臣; 赵成毅; 张爱明; 梅治; 陈应超; 张非

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical outcome of the minimally invasive surgical approach by mast Quadrant sys-tem in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation with lumbar spinal instability. Methods For 31 patients with single level lum-bar disc herniation with lumbar spinal instability which diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging and dynamic X-rays. This group included 20 males and 11 females. All patients were managed by unilateral pedicle screw fixation and interbody fusion under Mast Quadrant system. We evaluate the therapeutic effect according to Japanese Orthopaedic Association(JOA)and Os-westry disability index(ODI)before and after surgery. X-rays was used to evaluate the height variation and fusion of interverte-bral space. Results All patients were followed up for 14 to 36 months,with a mean period of 20. 4 months. The symptoms of lumbar and lower extremity were relieved completely. There was no decrease of intervertebral height. Radiographic interbody fu-sion rate was 100% . According to JOA scoring,the score increased from(7. 6 ± 2. 5)before operation to(25. 7 ± 1. 4)in the last follow-up,improvement rate of treatment was 84. 46% ,the score of ODI decreased from(55. 5 ± 5. 2)to(10. 9 ± 3. 0)in the last follow up after surgery. Conclusion The minimally invasive surgical treatment of unilateral pedicle screw fixation and interbody fusion assisted mast Quadrant system for lumbar disc herniation with lumbar spinal instability is reliable and provides satisfactory lumbar fusion and clinical results.%目的:探讨在 MastQuadrantTM 可扩张管通道系统下单侧固定加 Cage 治疗腰椎间盘突出症伴腰椎不稳的临床疗效。方法对31例腰椎间盘突出症伴腰椎不稳患者,采用 Quadrant 微创下单侧固定加 Cage 椎间融合术治疗,其中男20例,女11例;年龄34~76岁。术前、术后采用日本骨科学会(Japanese orthopaedic association,JOA)腰背痛评分及 Oswestry 功能障碍指数(oswestry disability

  20. Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion combined with unilateral pedicle screw fixation for upper lumbar disc hernia-tion%经椎间孔行腰椎间融合联合单侧椎弓根螺钉固定术治疗高位腰椎间盘突出症疗效分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭健; 李平元; 欧军; 苏小桃; 卢政好

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical effect of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) combined with unilateral pedicle screw fixation for upper lumbar disc herniation. Methods Retrospectively analysed the clinical data of 16 patients with upper lumbar disc herniation from Jun 2009 to Feb 2013 in our hospital, who were treated with transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion combined with unilateral pedicle screw fixation;using the visual analogue scale assessed the pain degree of patients at admission and after operation; assessed the clinical efficacy at last follow-up according to the modified MacNab criteria and observed intervertebral fusion. Results 16 patients were followed up 12 to 52 months (average 24.2 months) after surgery. All the patients had no nerve damage and leakage of cerebrospinal fluid complications. VAS score at different postopera-tive periods had significant difference compared with the VAS score before operation (P<0.01). According to the modified Mac-Nab criteria,the excellent and good rate was 93.75%. X-ray examination showed that there were no internal fixation failure and lumbar interbody non-fusion at the last follow-up. Conclusion Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion combined with uni-lateral pedicle screw fixation has satisfied effect in the treatment of upper lumbar disc herniation,and has the advantages of small trauma,less complications,low cost.%目的:探讨经椎间孔行腰椎间融合(transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion,TLIF)联合单侧椎弓根螺钉固定术治疗高位腰椎间盘突出症的临床疗效。方法回顾性分析2009年6月~2013年2月本院16例高位腰椎间盘突出症患者临床资料,均采用TLIF联合单侧椎弓根螺钉固定术治疗;采用腰腿痛视觉模拟评分测评入院时和TLIF联合单侧椎弓根螺钉固定术后(术后1周、1个月、3个月及末次随访)患者疼痛情况,末次随访采用改良MacNab标准评定临床疗效,并了解椎间融合

  1. Women do not fare worse than men after lumbar fusion surgery: Two-year follow-up results from 4,780 prospectively collected patients in the Swedish National Spine Register with lumbar degenerative disc disease and chronic low back pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Triebel, Jan; Snellman, Greta; Sandén, Bengt; Strömqvist, Fredrik; Robinson, Yohan

    2017-05-01

    Proper patient selection is of utmost importance in the surgical treatment of degenerative disc disease (DDD) with chronic low back pain (CLBP). Among other factors, gender was previously found to influence lumbar fusion surgery outcome. This study investigates whether gender affects clinical outcome after lumbar fusion. This is a national registry cohort study. Between 2001 and 2011, 2,251 men and 2,521 women were followed prospectively within the Swedish National Spine Register (SWESPINE) after lumbar fusion surgery for DDD and CLBP. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), visual analog scale (VAS) for leg and back pain, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), quality of life (QoL) parameter EQ5D, and labor status and pain medication were collected preoperatively, 1 and 2 years after surgery. Gender differences of baseline data and PROM improvement from baseline were analyzed. The effect of gender on clinically important improvement of PROM was determined in a multivariate logistic regression model. Furthermore, gender-related differences in return-to-work were investigated. Preoperatively, women had worse leg pain (pback pain (p=.002), lower QoL (ppain, function, and QoL (all ppain (odds ratio [OR]=1.39, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.19-1.61, pback pain (OR=1.20,95% CI:1.03-1.40, p=.02) as well as ODI (OR=1.24, 95% CI:1.05-1.47, p=.01), but improved at a slower pace in leg pain (pback pain (p=.009), and disability (p=.008). No gender differences were found in QoL and return to work at 2 years postoperatively. Swedish women do not have worse results than men after spinal fusion surgery. Female patients present with worse pain and function preoperatively, but improve more than men do after surgery. Copyright © 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Remodeling of heat-treated cortical bone allografts for posterior lumbar interbody fusion: serial 10-year follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muramatsu, Koichi; Hachiya, Yudo; Izawa, Hiroyuki; Yamada, Harumoto

    2012-12-01

    We have selected heat-treated bone allografts as the graft material since the Tokai Bone Bank, the first regional bone bank in Japan, was established in 1992. In this study, we examined changes in bone mineral density (BMD), and morphology observed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and histological findings of bone grafts in cases followed up for 7-10 years after bone grafting to grasp the remodeling of heat-treated cortical bone allografts for posterior lumber interbody fusion (PLIF). BMD of bone grafts was reduced by half at 10 years after grafting. MRI revealed that bone grafts were indistinguishable initially in only 22.2% of cases, whereas after a lengthy period of 10 years distinguishable in many cases. Histologically, new bone formation at the graft-host interface was observed earlier, at 1 year after grafting, than that at the periphery of canals in the specimens. The laminated structure of the cortical bone eroded over time, and fragmented bone trabeculae were observed in the specimens at 8 years or longer after grafting, though necrotic bone still remained in some sites.

  3. A lumbar disc surgery predictive score card.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finneson, B E

    1978-06-01

    A lumbar disc surgery predictive score card or questionnaire has been developed to assess potential candidates for excision of a herniated lumbar disc who have not previously undergone lumbar spine surgery. It is not designed to encompass patients who are being considered for other types of lumbar spine surgery, such as decompressive laminectomy or fusion. In an effort to make the "score card" usable by almost all physicians who are involved in lumbar disc surgery, only studies which have broad acceptance and are generally employed are included. Studies which have less widespread use such as electromyogram, discogram, venogram, special psychologic studies (MMPI, pain drawings) have been purposely excluded.

  4. 腰椎融合后邻近节段影像学评估方法的应用随访%Follow-up application of imaging evaluation on adjacent lumbar segment after instrumented posterior spinal fusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴超; 魏剑; 王清; 谭伦; 黄迅; 唐玉湖

    2011-01-01

    背景:目前多数研究只分析了脊柱融合治疗紧邻融合区域头尾侧节段的术后改变,未对其他紧邻内固定的未作融合节段进行对照研究.目的:探讨腰椎邻近节段的测量方法,对腰椎后外侧融合后邻近节段的改变进行长期随访影像学评估.方法:选取尸体骨架6具,以不同投照方式和标本位置行腰椎侧位数字化标准X射线片共计42次(每具标本投照7次).随访57例腰椎后外侧融合患者,随访时间1.5~4年,拍摄融合前及末次随访时的数字化标准X射线片,所有资料用失真代偿X射线分析法测量椎体间矢状角度、椎间盘高度、椎体间前后移位.结果与结论:失真代偿X射线分析法测量邻近节段矢状曲度、椎间盘高度、椎体间前后移位时,不同投照方式比较差异均无显著性意义(P > 0.05).固定节段尾侧椎体间未发现显著的影像学改变,固定节段头侧的多个椎体间矢状角度、椎间盘高度均有明显的改变.提示腰椎后外侧融合后影像学的改变提示固定节段头侧多个椎间盘加速退变.%BACKGROUND: Now, most studies related to adjacent segment degeneration only analyze the changes of motion segmentsabove and below the fusion. There were no controlled studies on adjacent segments to all the other unfused segments afterinstrumented posterior fusion.OBJECTIVE: To study measurement of adjacent lumbar segments and evaluate long-term radiographic changes in all adjacentlumbar segments after instrumented posterolateral lumbar fusion.METHODS: Totally 42 digitized radiographs of lateral lumbar spine from 6 corpse skeletons were obtain through differentprojections and specimen postures (every specimen with 7 projection). Fifty-seven patients with posterolateral lumbar fusion werefollowed-up from 1.5 to 4 years. Digitized radiographs of them we re photographed before fusion surgery and final follow-up.Distortion-compensated roentgen analysis (DCRA) method was used to

  5. Retrospective analysis of transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion for the treatment of acute and chronic lumbar intervertebral disc injury%经椎间孔椎间融合固定治疗急慢性腰椎间盘损伤回顾性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙俊; 汪颖峰; 罗俊杰

    2011-01-01

    Objective To summary the effect of treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc in acute and chronic injury by transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion ( transforaminal lumbar interhody fusion , TLIF). Methods From in July 2007 to October 2010 , application of bilateral partial laminectomy decompression underwent TLIF fixation , treatment of lumbar intervertehral disc in 10 cases of acute and chronic injury in a total of 12 segments of 6 males and 4 females , aged 38-72 years , mean age 51 years.Lumbar degenerative changes associated with nerve root canal stenosis in 1 case, 3 cases of chronic lumbar spondylolisthesis , acute traumatic spondylolisthesis with bilateral nerve root injury in 2 , lumbar disc hemiation with lumbar instability in 4 cases. Results All patients with no neurological complications were followed up for 10 (6 to 48 months ) months . according to Denis pain ratings ,JOA score , mean postoperative improvement rate of 90%. Conclusion TLIF method can obtain the full relief under the premise of the immediate stability of the spine bone graft done at the same time , fusion rate and few complications, for lumbar intervertebral disc with acute and chronic injury , the effects are short-term clinical affirm.%目的 总结经椎间孔椎间融合术(TLIF)治疗腰椎间盘急慢性损伤的疗效.方法 2007年7月-2010年10月应用双侧椎板部分切除减压后行TLIF融合固定,治疗腰椎间盘急慢性损伤10例共12个节段,男6例,女4例,年龄38~72岁,平均年龄51岁.腰椎退行性变伴神经根管狭窄1例,慢性腰椎滑脱3例,急性外伤性腰椎滑脱伴双侧神经根损伤2例,腰椎间盘突出合并腰椎失稳4例.结果 全部患者均未出现神经系统并发症,平均随访10(6~48个月)个月,根据Denis疼痛分级、JOA评分法,术后平均改善率90%.结论 TLIF方法 可在充分减压的前提下获得脊柱的即刻稳定同时完成植骨,融合率高,并发症少,用于腰椎间盘急、慢性损伤中、短期随访临床效果肯定.

  6. Comparison of discectomy versus sequestrectomy in lumbar disc herniation: a meta-analysis of comparative studies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jisheng Ran

    Full Text Available Lumbar disc removal is currently the standard treatment for lumbar disc herniation. No consensus has been achieved whether aggressive disc resection with curettage (discectomy versus conservative removal of the offending disc fragment alone (sequestrectomy provides better outcomes. This study aims to compare the reherniation rate and clinical outcomes between discectomy and sequestrectomy by literature review and a meta-analysis.A systematic search of PubMed, Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Library was performed up to June 1, 2014. Outcomes of interest assessing the two techniques included demographic and clinical baseline characteristics, perioperative variables, complications, recurrent herniation rate and post-operative functional outcomes.Twelve eligible trials evaluating discectomy vs sequestrectomy were identified including one randomized controlled study, five prospective and six retrospective comparative studies. By contrast to discectomy, sequestrectomy was associated with significantly less operative time (p<0.001, lower visual analogue scale (VAS for low back pain (p<0.05, less post-operative analgesic usage (p<0.05 and better patients' satisfaction (p<0.05. Recurrent herniation rate, reoperation rate, intraoperative blood loss, hospitalization duration and VAS for sciatica were without significant difference.According to our pooled data, sequestrectomy entails equivalent reherniation rate and complications compared with discectomy but maintains a lower incidence of recurrent low back pain and higher satisfactory rate. High-quality prospective randomized controlled trials are needed to firmly assess these two procedures.

  7. Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion combined unilateral pedicle screw fixation for upper lumbar disc herniation%经椎间孔融合联合单侧椎弓根钉内固定治疗高位腰椎椎间盘突出症

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付松; 邵诗泽; 荣晓玲; 侯海涛; 孙秀琛; 刘海军; 王龙强; 王欢; 黄相鹏

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the clinical effect of unilateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) combined unilateral pedicle screw fixation for the treatment of upper lumbar disc herniation.Methods From Mar 2006 to December 2008,23 cases with upper lumbar disc herniation undewent laminectomy,transforamina discectomy and lumbar interbody fusion were reviewed retrospectively.The involved level included L1/L2 in 5 cases,L2/L3 in 8 cases and L3/L4 in 10 cases.All cases were treated by single cage combined unilateral pedicle screw placement.Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores (29 scores) were used to assesse the clinical outcome and the excellent rate,improve rate and fusion status were reviewed retrospectively.Results Complications included dural tear(1 cases) and pedicle screw deviating(1 cases).The mean follow-up time was 40.2 months(24 ~ 52 months).The preoperative JOA score was 10.04 ± 2.12,and 24.13 ± 3.39 at 23 months postoperative.excellent rate was 91.3%.Bone fusion rate was 95.8%.Conclusion Unilateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion combined unilateral pedicle screw fixation has the advantages of small incision,little bleeding,no destruction of the contralateral structure,short operating time or hospital stay,low medical device expenses and good recovery.%目的 观察经椎间孔融合(transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion,TLIF)联合单侧椎弓根钉内固定治疗高位腰椎椎间盘突出症的临床疗效.方法 2006年3月~2008年12月收治且获得随访的单间隙高位腰椎椎间盘突出症患者23例,其中L1/L2 5例,L2/L3 8例,L3/L4 10例.均采用经椎间孔单枚Cage植骨融合并单侧椎弓根螺钉内固定术治疗.根据日本骨科学会(Japanese Orthopaedic Association,JOA)(29分)评分法评估术后疗效,计算改善率和优良率,观察植骨融合情况.结果 1例硬脊膜撕裂,1例椎弓根螺钉位置偏斜.随访23~52个月,平均40.2个月,JOA评分由术前10.04±2.12提高到随访23

  8. 腰椎融合术对脊柱-骨盆矢状面平衡及疗效的临床观察%Clinical observation and efficacy on lumbar interbody fusion for spine pelvic sagittal balance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗江洪; 李伟; 陆庭盛

    2015-01-01

    Objective To analyze the clinical therapeutic effect of lumbar fusion in the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases in the spine pelvic sagittal balance. Methods From June 2009 to June 2012,the clinical data of 92 cases with lumbar degenerative diseases ac-cepted lumbar spinal fusion operation in our hospital was collected. The contrast lumbar lordosis ( LL) ,lumbar sagittal vertical axis ( SVA) , pelvic incidence angle ( PI) ,sacral inclination angle ( SS) ,pelvic tilt angle ( PT) and other numerical parameters,using the Oswestry disabil-ity index ( ODI) ,visual analogue scale ( VAS) and the Japan Society of Department of orthopedics ( JOA) score were followed up two years after operation,and the postoperative effect was evaluated. Results The spinal pelvic parameters SVA,LL,SS and PT after surgery were changed obviously,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0. 05). The postoperative follow-up of VAS,ODI and JOA score were better than that of preoperation,the difference was significant(P<0. 05). Conclusion Lumbar fusion operation can restore lumbar lordosis, to maintain the spine pelvic sagittal balance and improve the effect of operation,and have positive significance to improve the postoperative symptoms.%目的:探讨腰椎退变性疾病采用腰椎融合术治疗对脊柱-骨盆矢状面平衡及临床疗效分析。方法收集2009年6月至2012年6月我院骨科接受腰椎内固定融合手术的92例腰椎退行性疾病患者的临床资料,术后2年内随访患者,对比腰椎前凸角( LL)、腰椎矢状垂直轴( SVA)、骨盆入射角( PI)、骶骨倾斜角( SS)、骨盆倾斜角( PT)等参数数值,采用Oswestry功能障碍指数( ODI)、视觉模拟评分法( VAS)及日本骨科学会( JOA)评分,评估术后疗效。结果脊柱骨盆参数SVA、LL、SS及PT手术后均较术前有明显改变,且差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),术后随访VAS、ODI及JOA 评分,均较术前有明显改善,治疗

  9. The Memory Metal Spinal System in a Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF) Procedure: A Prospective, Non-Comparative Study to Evaluate the Safety and Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kok, D; Grevitt, M; Wapstra, Fh; Veldhuizen, Ag

    2012-01-01

    A prospective, non-comparative study of 27 patients to evaluate the safety and performance of the Memory Metal Spinal System used in a PLIF procedure in the treatment of spondylolisthesis, symptomatic spinal stenosis or degenerative disc disease (DDD). To evaluate the clinical performance, radiological outcome and safety of the Memory Metal Spinal System, used in a PLIF procedure, in the treatment of spondylolisthesis, symptomatic spinal stenosis or degenerative disc disease in human subjects. Spinal systems that are currently available for correction of spinal deformities or degeneration such as lumbar spondylosis or degenerative disc disease, use components manufactured from stainless steel or titanium and typically comprise two spinal rods with associated connection devices. The Memory Metal Spinal System consists of a single square spinal rod made from a nickel titanium alloy (Nitinol) used in conjunction with connection devices. Nitinol is characterized by its shape memory effect and is a more flexible material than either stainless steel or titanium. With current systems there is loss of achieved reposition due to the elastic properties of the spine. By using a memory metal in this new system the expectation was that this loss of reposition would be overcome due to the metal's inherent shape memory properties. Furthermore, we expect a higher fusion rate because of the elastic properties of the memory metal. Twenty-seven subjects with primary diagnosis of spondylolisthesis, symptomatic spinal stenosis or degenerative disc disease (DDD) were treated with the Memory Metal Spinal System in conjunction with the Brantigan IF® Cage in two consecutive years. Clinical performance of the device was evaluated over 2 years using the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Short Form 36 questionnaire (SF-36) and pain visual analogue scale (VAS) scores. Safety was studied by collection of adverse events intra-operative and during the followup. Interbody fusion status was

  10. Comparison of complications between morbid obesity and normal weight patients with lumbar arthrodesis%肥胖和正常体质量腰椎融合患者并发症的比较*★

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜宇; 朱国兴; 杨玉生

    2013-01-01

      背景:肥胖可使脊柱尤其是腰椎退化,随着肥胖发病率的增加,肥胖患者发生腰椎外科的手术日益增多,有关的研究表明,肥胖可能增加腰椎融合的并发症,尤其是伤口感染。目的:分析肥胖是否改变接受腰椎融合患者并发症的概率。方法:纳入行腰椎单节段融合的患者(包括正常体质量和肥胖患者)268例为样本,将腰椎融合了分为两种类型:前路腰椎融合和后路腰椎融合,用切除自体的髂前上棘的松质骨行椎间植骨,美敦力枢法模的钛棒固定,探查硬膜前方无碎骨屑后移,切口放置引流,逐层关闭。腰椎融合后预防感染对症治疗,分别就患者的不同并发症方面的数据进行统计学分析。结果与结论:268例中104名为肥胖患者。肥胖患者的并发症包括有心脏、肾、肺、伤口并发症等,以伤口并发症和肺部并发症为主,与正常体质量患者比较,差异均有显著性意义(P 0.05)。说明肥胖增加了腰椎融合手术并发症的风险,但在前后路腰椎不同融合方法中对患者的影响差别不大。%BACKGROUND: Morbid obesity can result in lumbar and spinal degeneration, especial y the lumbar spine degeneration. Related studies have shown that morbid obesity may increase complications of the lumbar fusion, especial y wound infection. OBJECTIVE: To analyze whether morbid obesity can alter the rates of complications in patients undergoing lumbar fusion. METHODS: 268 patients (including normal weight patients and morbid obese patients) undergoing lumbar single segment fusion were selected as samples. The lumbar and spinal fusion was divided into two types: anterior lumbar fusion and posterior lumbar fusion. The cancel ous bone with autologous anterior superior iliac spine was treated with intervertebral bone grafting, and fixed with Medtronic Sofamor titanium rod. The detection found that there was no bone fragments crumbs

  11. 脊柱-骨盆矢状面形态变化与椎间盘摘除及后路椎体间植骨融合的关系%Relationship between spine-pelvis sagittal morphological changes, discectomy and posterior lumbar interbody fusion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪凌骏; 顾勇; 冯煜; 张弛; 车纯庆; 陈亮

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND:The patients undergoing lumbar discectomy have a higher risk of recurrence. There are many different ways of reoperation, but there are few studies on spine-pelvis sagittal morphology of patients with recurrent lumbar disc herniation. OBJECTIVE:To compare the effect of discectomy and posterior lumbar interbody fusion on spine-pelvis sagittal morphology of patients with recurrent lumbar disc herniation. METHODS:Sixty-one patients of recurrent lumbar disc herniation after discectomy were divided into discectomy group (n=30) and posterior lumbar interbody fusion group (n=31) according to the re-repair method. The height of intervertebral disc, lumbar lordosis and pelvic projection angle in the two groups before and after treatment were measured and compared based on standing spine lateral X-ray images. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: After treatment, the height of intervertebral disc, lumbar lordosis and pelvic projection angle of patients in discectomy group were not significantly changed compared with before treatment (P> 0.05). After treatment, the height of intervertebral disc, lumbar lordosis and pelvic projection angle of patients in posterior lumbar interbody fusion group were significantly increased compared with those before treatment (P 0.05).After treatment, the height of intervertebral disc, lumbar lordosis and pelvic pelvic projection angle were significantly increased in the posterior lumbar interbody fusion group compared with the discectomy group (P 0.05);后路椎体间植骨融合组治疗后椎间盘高度、腰椎前凸角及骨盆投射角较治疗前明显增加(P 0.05);治疗后后路椎体间植骨融合组椎间盘高度、腰椎前凸角、骨盆投射角较摘除组明显增加(P <0.05)。结果证实,椎间盘摘除不能显著改变再次手术患者的脊柱-骨盆矢状面形态;后路椎体间植骨融合较椎间盘摘除对再次手术患者的脊柱-骨盆矢状面形态的影响更大。

  12. Percutaneous lumbar sympathectomy: A comparison of radiofrequency denervation versus phenol neurolysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haynsworth, R.F. Jr.; Noe, C.E. (Baylor Univ. Medical Center, Dallas, TX (USA))

    1991-03-01

    A new percutaneous approach to sympathectomy using radiofrequency denervation has seemed to offer longer duration and less incidence of postsympathetic neuralgia as compared to phenol sympathetic blocks. To compare these techniques, 17 patients underwent either phenol lumbar sympathetic blocks (n = 9) or radiofrequency denervation (n = 8). Duration of sympathetic block was followed by a sweat test and temperature measurements. Results indicate that 89% of patients in the phenol group showed signs of sympathetic blockade after 8 weeks, as compared to 12% in the radiofrequency group (P less than 0.05). Although the incidence of post sympathetic neuralgia appears to be less with radiofrequency denervation, further refinement of needle placement to ensure complete lesioning of the sympathetic chain will be required before the technique can offer advantages over current phenol techniques.

  13. MAST QUADRANT 可扩张管下单侧椎弓根钉置入与椎体间融合治疗腰椎退变性疾病%Recent clinical observation in treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases with posterior lumbar interbody fusion cage and pedicle screw fixation under MAST QUADRANT expansive pipe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙郁雨; 崔志明; 保国锋; 李卫东; 徐冠华; 王玲玲; 崔颖; 储惊蛰

    2011-01-01

    背景:腰椎后路椎体间融合治疗腰椎退变性疾病,能够恢复椎间隙高度、维持腰椎生理前凸、提供腰椎的即刻稳定性及取得较高的椎间骨性融合率.目的:验证运用MAST QUADRANT 可扩张管通道微创系统行单侧椎弓根钉置入并椎体间融合治疗腰椎退变性疾病的适应证及有效性.方法:在3.0 cm的微创切口内放置MAST QUADRANT可扩张管,应用单侧椎弓根钉内固定加椎体间融合治疗腰椎退变性疾病患者32例.结果与结论:患者置入内固过程中未发生硬膜囊撕裂、神经根和大血管等副损伤.随访3个月以上.置入3个月后JOA评分明显高于置入前(P < 0.01),目测类比评分显著低于置入前(P < 0.01).X射线片显示椎间隙骨密度均逐渐增加,未发现椎间融合器移位、假关节、内固定松脱或折断等并发症,亦无炎症、过敏等不良反应.%BACKGROUND: Posterior lumbar interbody fusion for lumbar degenerative disease can restore disc height, maintain the lumbar lordosis, provide immediate stability for the lumbar spine and achieve a higher rate of interbody bonefusion. OBJECTIVE: To explore the indications, surgical techniques and early curative effects in treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases with posterior lumbar interbody fusion cage and pediclescrew fixation under MAST QUADRANT expansive pipe. METHODS: Thirty-two cases suffering from lumbar degenerative diseases were treated by posterior lumbar interbody fusion cage and unilateral pedicle screw fixation with MAST QUADRANT expansive pipe which was placed in 3.0 cm minimally invaswe incision.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Therewere no epidural capsuletear, injury of nerve root and great vessel after reatment. Postoperative follow up continued over 3 months. Compared with preoperation. JO As core difference had statistical significance at 3 months after operation (P < 0.01). VAS score difference also had statistical significance at 3 months after operation (P< 001

  14. Facet joint changes after application of lumbar nonfusion dynamic stabilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Soo Eon; Jahng, Tae-Ahn; Kim, Hyun Jib

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE The long-term effects on adjacent-segment pathology after nonfusion dynamic stabilization is unclear, and, in particular, changes at the adjacent facet joints have not been reported in a clinical study. This study aims to compare changes in the adjacent facet joints after lumbar spinal surgery. METHODS Patients who underwent monosegmental surgery at L4-5 with nonfusion dynamic stabilization using the Dynesys system (Dynesys group) or transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with pedicle screw fixation (fusion group) were retrospectively compared. Facet joint degeneration was evaluated at each segment using the CT grading system. RESULTS The Dynesys group included 15 patients, while the fusion group included 22 patients. The preoperative facet joint degeneration CT grades were not different between the 2 groups. Compared with the preoperative CT grades, 1 side of the facet joints at L3-4 and L4-5 had significantly more degeneration in the Dynesys group. In the fusion group, significant facet joint degeneration developed on both sides at L2-3, L3-4, and L5-S1. The subjective back and leg pain scores were not different between the 2 groups during follow-up, but functional outcome based on the Oswestry Disability Index improved less in the fusion group than in the Dynesys group. CONCLUSIONS Nonfusion dynamic stabilization using the Dynesys system had a greater preventative effect on facet joint degeneration in comparison with that obtained using fusion surgery. The Dynesys system, however, resulted in facet joint degeneration at the instrumented segments and above. An improved physiological nonfusion dynamic stabilization system for lumbar spinal surgery should be developed.

  15. Observation of Clinical Curative Effect of Transmultifidus Lumbar Interbody Fusion in the Treat-ment of Lumbar Degenerative Diseases%经多裂肌间隙椎间融合术治疗腰椎退行性疾病观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵建; 刘少; 林波; 刘丽平

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate and analyze the clinical curative effect of transmultifidus lumbar interbody fusion in the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases. Methods 62 patients with lumbar degenerative diseases who came to our hos-pital from April,2011 to July,2012 were randomly divided into the control group and the experimental group according to the random number method. There were 31 cases in each group. The control group accepted transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion while the experimental group accepted transmultifidus lumbar interbody fusion. The clinical curative effect of the two groups was compared. Results Blood loss and postoperative drainage volume of the experimental group was significantly less than that of the control group(P0. 05). The VAS score in the 3rd day and 2 weeks after the operation,the ODI index in 1st month and 6th month of the experimental group was statistically better than that of the control group(P0. 05). Conclusion Transmultifidus lumbar interbody fusion has a significant effect in treating lumbar degenerative diseases. The approach has less damage during the operation and improves the efficacy of surgery and patients'quality of life. So it is worth promoting.%目的:探讨分析经多裂肌间隙入路椎体间融合治疗腰椎退行性疾病的临床疗效。方法选取我院自2011年4月至2012年7月收治的62例腰椎退行性疾病患者,将所有患者按随机数法分为实验组和对照组,各31例。对照组接受经椎间孔椎体间融合术,实验组接受经多裂肌间隙椎间融合术,对比分析两组患者的临床疗效。结果实验组术中出血量及术后引流量均明显少于对照组( P0.05),实验组术后3 d,术后2周的VAS评分及术后1个月与术后半年的ODI评分明显优于对照组( P0.05);实验组与对照组手术前及术后1年滑脱角、椎间隙高度及Taillard指数的比较差异无统计学意义( P>0.05)。结论经多裂肌间隙入路

  16. 后路单侧椎弓根钉固定联合椎间融合术治疗退行性腰椎失稳%POSTERIOR UNILATERAL PEDICLE SCREW FIXATION PLUS LUMBAR INTERBODY FUSION FOR TREATMENT OF DEGENERATIVE LUMBAR INSTABILITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏富鑫; 刘少喻; 崔尚斌; 王乐; 梁春祥; 龙厚清; 黄阳亮

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of posterior unilateral pedicle screw fixation plus lumbar interbody fusion in treatment of degenerative lumbar instability.Methods Between February 2008 and December 2011,33 patients with degenerative lumbar instability were treated with posterior unilateral pedicle screw fixation plus lumbar interbody fusion,including 14 cases of lumbar disc protrusion with instability,15 cases of lumbar spinal stenosis with instability,3 recurrent cases of lumbar disc protrusion at 1 year after discectomy,and 1 case of extreme lateral lumbar disc protrusion.There were 20 males and 13 females with an average age of 47.2 years (range,39-75 years).The average disease duration was 12.8 months (range,6-25 months).Single-segment-fixation was performed in 28 cases (L4,5 in 21 cases,L5,S1 in 6 cases,and L5,6 in 1 case),and double-segment-fixation was performed in 5 cases (L3.4 and L4,5).The clinical results were evaluated by using Oswestry disability index (ODI) and modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score for low back pain.Results Infection occurred in 1 case,and was cured after dressing change; primary healing was obtained in the other patients.Thirty-one patients were followed up 32.3 months on average (range,15-53 months).Cage displacement occurred in 1 case who received bilateral pedicle screw fixation plus lumbar interbody fusion; no screw breaking,Cage displacement,or pseudoarthrosis was observed in the others.X-ray films showed bone fusion in the other patients except 1 case of bone fusion failure.ODI and JOA score at last follow-up were significantly improved when compared with the ones before operation and at 2 weeks after operation (P <0.05); the improvement rates were 74.0% ± 10.1% and 83.6% ± 9.4%,respectively.Conclusion Posterior unilateral pedicle screw fixation plus lumbar interbody fusion is an effective and reliable method for patients with degenerative lumbar instability because it has the advantages of

  17. Basis椎弓根螺钉固定加环形植骨融合治疗腰椎滑脱%Basis pedicle screw fixation and posterior instrumented circumferential fusion for the treatment of lumbar spondylolisthesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董福龙; 申才良; 张建湘; 汤健; 杨庆国; 江曙

    2011-01-01

    Objective To summarize curative effects of the decompressive laminectomy by posterior approach, reduc tion of spondylolisthesis fixed with Basis pedicle screw and posterior instrumented circumferential fusion in the treat ment of lumbar spondylolisthesis. Methods Thirty-two patients with lumbar spondylolisthesis treated with posterior instrumented circumferential fusion were studied retrospectively. Results All the patients received follow-up for 4 ~ 25 months. Symptoms were disappeared after operations in all the patients. The postoperative X-ray films showed that 29 patients obtained complete reduction,3 partly reduction. This surgical methods produced satisfactory outcomes with the 100% osseous fusion. All the bone grafts were fusion, without screws loosening or breakage or internal fixation loosing was found. Based on Hou Shu-xun Criteria for therapeutical evalution, the efficacy was as follows: excellent in 23 cases,good in 7,and fair in 2,the rate of excellent and good was 94%. Conclusions Posterior instrumented cir cumferential fusion with Basis pedicle screw is an effective method for treating severe lumbar spondylolisthesis.%目的 探讨后路腰椎管减压、Basis椎弓根螺钉系统复位固定加环形植骨融合治疗腰椎滑脱症的疗效.方法 对32例腰椎滑脱症患者行后路腰椎管减压Basis椎弓根螺钉复位固定加环形植骨融合术.结果 32例均获随访,时间4~25个月.患者术后症状均消失,X线片示29例滑脱完全复位,3例部分复位.所有患者均达骨性融合,无椎弓根钉松动、断裂及再滑脱现象.根据侯树勋等疗效评定标准评定:优23例,良7例,可2例,优良率94%.结论 Basis椎弓根固定系统复位固定加环形植骨融合治疗腰椎滑脱症临床疗效满意,可作为治疗严重腰椎滑脱的首选方法.

  18. Quantitative morphometric analysis of the lumbar vertebral facets and evaluation of feasibility of lumbar spinal nerve root and spinal canal decompression using the Goel intraarticular facetal spacer distraction technique: A lumbar/cervical facet comparison